Sample records for attached pages show

  1. East wall, showing rails of a halfton aerial gantry attached ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    East wall, showing rails of a half-ton aerial gantry attached to roof frame - Bureau of Mines Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Original Building, Date Street north of U.S. Highway 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

  2. Attachment 11 Page 1 of 12

    E-print Network

    proximity to bounding intersections are appropriately included. #12;Attachment 11 Page 4 of 12 Hollywood/West Hollywood/Melrose Polygon: Bounded by a 0.1 mile buffer beyond the borders of North Crescent Heights

  3. 21. VIEW, LOOKING WESTNORTHWEST, SHOWING TRANSMISSION, IN FOREGROUND, ATTACHED TO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. VIEW, LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST, SHOWING TRANSMISSION, IN FOREGROUND, ATTACHED TO REDUCTION GEAR HOUSING WHICH IS FLANKED BY THE TWO MAIN ELECTRIC DRIVE MOTORS, WITH ELECTRICAL CABINETS AND OPERATOR'S DESK IN BACKGROUND - Sacramento River Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at California State Highway 275, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  4. ATTACHMENT A-2 Project Cover Page

    E-print Network

    (s): Engine/OEM Manufacturer Partner: Project Title (not to exceed 10 words): Project Description (briefATTACHMENT A-2 Project Cover Page Applicant's Legal Name (include project partners): Client Partner of Grant Funding Requested: Project Location: Name the air basin(s) where this vehicle technology

  5. Women with an avoidant attachment style show attenuated estradiol responses to emotionally intimate stimuli.

    PubMed

    Edelstein, Robin S; Kean, Emily L; Chopik, William J

    2012-02-01

    The current study examined neuroendocrine processes associated with emotional intimacy in humans. Despite the importance of this aspect of close relationships, emotional intimacy has received much less attention in neuroendocrine research compared to other aspects of close relationships. In this study, participants viewed movie clips depicting an emotionally intimate parent-child interaction or other, non-intimate themes, and we assessed whether depictions of emotional intimacy increased levels of estradiol, a steroid hormone associated with attachment and caregiving processes. We also examined whether estradiol responses were moderated by individual differences in attachment avoidance, or people's discomfort with closeness and intimacy. Our findings revealed that, among single participants, estradiol levels increased in response to the emotionally intimate clip, but this effect was not observed among currently partnered participants. Moreover, the effects of emotional intimacy were moderated by gender and attachment avoidance, such that highly avoidant women showed smaller increases in estradiol after watching the emotionally intimate clip. Women's avoidance was unrelated to estradiol responses in the non-intimate control conditions, however, suggesting that the effects of avoidance were specific to intimate contexts. Taken together, the current findings contribute to our understanding of the biological bases of attachment and caregiving processes. They also highlight the potential role of estradiol in avoidant individuals' regulation of closeness and intimacy. PMID:22154613

  6. Page 1 of 4 2014 Texas 4-H Fashion Show

    E-print Network

    read this form and give permission for my child to participate in the Texas 4-H Fashion Show awards program. I certify that I have read the 2014 Clothing and Textiles Packet and that my child's entry people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A

  7. Page 1 of 3 2014 Texas 4-H Fashion Show

    E-print Network

    permission for my child to participate in the Texas 4-H Fashion Show awards program. I certify that I have read the 2014 Clothing and Textiles Packet and that my child's entry complies with the requirements, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U

  8. DOE O 221.1A Attachment 1 4-19-08 Page 1

    E-print Network

    Lee, Jason R.

    DOE O 221.1A Attachment 1 4-19-08 Page 1 CONTRACTOR REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT DOE O 221.1A, REPORTING. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS. Department of Energy (DOE) contractors, including National Nuclear Security, or mismanagement relating to DOE programs, operations, facilities, contracts, or information technology systems

  9. EXHIBIT G7.0 Attachment 2 3/2014 Page 1

    E-print Network

    position) Name and Title Name, IT Security Officer Company Name Company Name Phone Number Email ActivitiesEXHIBIT G7.0 Attachment 2 3/2014 Page 1 SUBCONTRACTOR CYBER SECURITY PLAN Vendor Name (if Exhibit G, Section 7.5.1, the following sets forth Subcontractor's specific cyber security

  10. Show me your friends, and I shall show you who you are: the way attachment and social comparisons influence body dissatisfaction.

    PubMed

    Lev-Ari, Lilac; Baumgarten-Katz, Inbar; Zohar, Ada H

    2014-11-01

    Women with attachment insecurity have greater eating disorder symptoms and poorer prognosis. Socio-cultural agents, such as peers and family, are predictive of the development of body image dissatisfaction (BID). The present study examines the association of insecure attachment styles and direct and indirect social comparisons of body image to women's BID and drive to thinness. Two hundred and eighty three women aged 18-42?years completed online self-reports concerning attachment styles, body mass index (BMI), drive for thinness, body image satisfaction, the Figure Rating Scale (FRS), as well as a modified FRS comparing self to mother, to sister closest in age and to best friend. Hierarchical Linear Models reveal that anxious-ambivalent, but not avoidant attachment style, along with indirect and direct comparisons to best friend and to sister influence drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction, even after controlling for BMI and age. Of all social comparisons, feeling one's best friend is thinner than yourself is the most detrimental to body ideal. PMID:25257536

  11. Older leaves of lettuce (Lactuca spp.) support higher levels of Salmonella enterica ser. Senftenberg attachment and show greater variation between plant accessions than do younger leaves.

    PubMed

    Hunter, Paul J; Shaw, Robert K; Berger, Cedric N; Frankel, Gad; Pink, David; Hand, Paul

    2015-06-01

    Salmonella can bind to the leaves of salad crops including lettuce and survive for commercially relevant periods. Previous studies have shown that younger leaves are more susceptible to colonization than older leaves and that colonization levels are dependent on both the bacterial serovar and the lettuce cultivar. In this study, we investigated the ability of two Lactuca sativa cultivars (Saladin and Iceberg) and an accession of wild lettuce (L. serriola) to support attachment of Salmonella enterica serovar Senftenberg, to the first and fifth to sixth true leaves and the associations between cultivar-dependent variation in plant leaf surface characteristics and bacterial attachment. Attachment levels were higher on older leaves than on the younger ones and these differences were associated with leaf vein and stomatal densities, leaf surface hydrophobicity and leaf surface soluble protein concentrations. Vein density and leaf surface hydrophobicity were also associated with cultivar-specific differences in Salmonella attachment, although the latter was only observed in the older leaves and was also associated with level of epicuticular wax. PMID:25953858

  12. Proposal attachments

    E-print Network

    Weber, David J.

    S2S Tab Proposal attachments panel Personnel attachments panel Internal attachments panel User attached forms Comments/guidelines Biographical sketch Biosketch Research Attachments Other Use in accordance with FOA instructions Research & Related Budget (for

  13. Proposal attachments

    E-print Network

    Weber, David J.

    S2S Tab Proposal attachments panel Personnel attachments panel Internal attachments panel User attached forms Comments/guidelines Biographical sketch Biosketch Research Equipment Major items of equipment already available for this project Other Attachments

  14. Set home page Bookmark site Add search Show/Hide Menu |Print this page Email to friend >Text Size A A A

    E-print Network

    West, Stuart

    RSS News Sections > Health & Medicine > Mind & Brain > Plants & Animals > Space & Time > Earth & Climate Size A A A Front Page > Breaking News > Today's Digest > Week in Review > Email Updates > Newsfeed topics Health Topics > Aging > Diseases > Fitness > Medicine > Men's Health > Mental Health > Nutrition

  15. APPLICATION FOR STUDENT EMPLOYMENT PLEASE PRINT OR TYPE ALL INFORMATION. DO NOT USE PENCIL. ATTACH ADDITIONAL PAGES IF NECESSARY.

    E-print Network

    Bennett, Gisele

    COMPUTER HARDWARE, SOFTWARE AND LANGUAGES WITH WHICH YOU ARE FAMILIAR: (ATTACH SHEETS IF NECESSARY ( ) TECHNICAL ( ) ADMINISTRATIVE/CLERICAL NAME (LAST, FIRST, MIDDLE) GTID# (if applicable) PRESENT ADDRESS: NAME OF SCHOOL CITY AND STATE DATES ATTENDED GRADE POINT AVERAGE DEGREE(S) AWARDED AND/OR RELEVANT

  16. The next generation of agricultural scientists 'show off'at the IOA Postgraduate Showcase. story page 8

    E-print Network

    Tobar, Michael

    "Sustaining productive agriculture for a growing world" The Institute of Agriculture (IOA), since its reThe next generation of agricultural scientists 'show off'at the IOA Postgraduate Showcase. story for productivity improvement and the role of research and development

  17. Autism and Attachment: The Attachment Q-Sort

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutgers, Anna H.; Van Ijzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Swinkels, Sophie H. N.

    2007-01-01

    Children with autism are able to show secure attachment behaviours to their parents/caregivers. Most studies on attachment in children with autism used a (modified) Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to examine attachment security. An advantage of the Attachment Q-Sort (AQS) over the SSP is that it can be attuned to the secure-base behaviour of…

  18. Report of the APSAC Task Force on Attachment Therapy, Reactive Attachment Disorder, and Attachment Problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Chaffin; Rochelle Hanson; Benjamin E. Saunders; Todd Nichols; Douglas Barnett; Charles Zeanah; Lucy Berliner; Byron Egeland; Elana Newman; Tom Lyon; Elizabeth Letourneau; Cindy Miller-Perrin

    2006-01-01

    Although the term attachment disorder is ambiguous, attachment therapies are increasingly used with children who are maltreated, particularly those in foster care or adoptive homes. Some children described as having attachment disorders show extreme disturbances. The needs of these children and their caretakers are real. How to meet their needs is less clear. A number of attachment-based treatment and parenting

  19. Procedural Attachment

    E-print Network

    Steels, Luc

    1979-08-01

    A frame-based reasoning system is extended to deal with procedural attachment. Arguments are given why procedural attachment is needed in a symbolic reasoner. The notion of an infinitary concept is introduced. Conventions ...

  20. 11/26/12 4:27 PMCoal mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. -Slate Magazine Page 1 of 4http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/coal/2012/11/coal_mine_fossils_paleontology_shows_us_past_climate_change.single.html

    E-print Network

    Montañez, Isabel Patricia

    11/26/12 4:27 PMCoal mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. - Slate Magazine Page 1 of 4http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/coal/2012/11/coal_mine_fossils_paleontology mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. - Slate Magazine Page 2 of 4http

  1. Attachment Disorganization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solomon, Judith, Ed.; George, Carol, Ed.

    Disorganized attachment relationships were first formally identified on the basis of the anomalous behavior of some infants during laboratory separations and reunions with the parent. This book presents new research and theory on the topic of attachment disorganization, an area of investigation that is of increasing importance in the study of…

  2. Math 202 Exam 2 2.22.2007 Page 1 of 4 Directions: Show all work and clearly mark your final answers. All your work

    E-print Network

    McClendon, David M.

    in each year (there are no leap years). Albert notices that his 1,000th birthday falls on the second day day", "second day", ... ) #12;Math 202 Exam 2 2.22.2007 Page 2 of 4 4. (10 pts) Find the greatest

  3. / www.sciencexpress.org /8 December 2011 / Page 1 / 10.1126/science.1210361 Honeybee swarms and complex brains show many

    E-print Network

    / www.sciencexpress.org /8 December 2011 / Page 1 / 10.1126/science.1210361 Honeybee swarms process of a honeybee swarm choosing a nest site. Honeybee swarms are produced in the spring when several' collective decision-making process. Honeybees possess an inhibitory signal, the stop signal, which is known

  4. This is 's of . To show your matches, we have used the snapshot of this page that we took as we crawled the

    E-print Network

    Pugh, Bill

    Braun Eltron Emjoi EpiLady Grundig Norelco Panasonic Philips Remington Skin Care Electronics CD Players pages or their content. These search terms have been highlighted: aeron chair : :Home Personal Care adjustable arms and an adjustable lumbar support. Three : A, B or C.sizes COMFORT GIFTS! Personal Care Oral

  5. Parent characteristics linked with daughters' attachment styles.

    PubMed

    Kilmann, Peter R; Vendemia, Jennifer M C; Parnell, Michele M; Urbaniak, Geoffrey C

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated links between parent characteristics and daughters' attachment styles for 90 female undergraduates and their married biological parents. Parents with a secure attachment pattern were rated as more accepting, less controlling, more competent, and more consistent in showing love and affection to their daughter in contrast to parents with an insecure attachment pattern. Significant positive associations were found between mothers' fearful attachment scores and the fearful, preoccupied, and dismissive attachment scores of daughters. Daughters of matched secure parents were more likely to report a secure attachment style, while daughters of matched insecure parents were more likely to report an insecure attachment style. PMID:19950869

  6. "The Show"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehring, John

    2004-01-01

    For the past 16 years, the blue-collar city of Huntington, West Virginia, has rolled out the red carpet to welcome young wrestlers and their families as old friends. They have come to town chasing the same dream for a spot in what many of them call "The Show". For three days, under the lights of an arena packed with 5,000 fans, the state's best…

  7. Sci Show

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Sci Show, an entertaining series of quirky YouTube videos, tackles topics ranging from â??How Do Polarized Sunglasses Workâ? to â??Strong Interaction: The Four Fundamental Forces of Physics.â? Most episodes are less than five minutes long, but they pack a wallop of handy science info. Anyone short on time but long on big questions will benefit from the series. Episodes will be helpful to teachers and parents looking to spark enthusiasm in young minds. Viewers may want to start with recent episodes like â??Todayâ??s Mass Extinction,â? and the â??Worldâ??s First See-Through Animalâ? and â??How Do Animals Change Color?â? before digging into the archives for gems like â??The Truth About Gingersâ? and â??The Science of Lying.â?

  8. 2/10/13 5:55 PMEnvironmental Outlook: The Keystone XL Pipeline | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR Page 1 of 14http://thedianerehmshow.org/shows/2013-02-05/environmental-outlook-keystone-xl-pipeline/transcript

    E-print Network

    Russo, Bernard

    2/10/13 5:55 PMEnvironmental Outlook: The Keystone XL Pipeline | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR Page 1 of 14http://thedianerehmshow.org/shows/2013-02-05/environmental-outlook-keystone-xl-pipeline:08:47 DAVENPORT 11:09:06 DAVENPORT 11:09:38 Environmental Outlook: The Keystone XL Pipeline Transcript for

  9. An attachment perspective on psychopathology

    PubMed Central

    MIKULINCER, MARIO; SHAVER, PHILIP R.

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, attachment theory, which was originally formulated to describe and explain infant-parent emotional bonding, has been applied to the study of adolescent and adult romantic relationships and then to the study of psychological processes, such as interpersonal functioning, emotion regulation, coping with stress, and mental health. In this paper, we offer a brief overview of the attachment perspective on psychopathology. Following a brief account of attachment theory, we go on to explain how the study of individual differences in adult attachment intersects with the study of psychopathology. Specifically, we review research findings showing that attachment insecurity is a major contributor to mental disorders, and that the enhancement of attachment security can facilitate amelioration of psychopathology. PMID:22294997

  10. This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPad. To log into the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS App, tap "Sign In" in the top left corner.

    E-print Network

    Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

    iPad App iPad App This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPad. Login To log into the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS App, tap "Sign In" in the top left corner. In the Sign the session. Enter a session name, and tap "Choose a video" to upload a video from your iOS device. Page 13

  11. 7/7/08 13:30WALL*E and the Future of Robots in Space (Jul. 7, 2008) -Planetary Radio | The Planetary Society Page 1 of 1http://www.planetary.org/radio/show/00000296/

    E-print Network

    Arizona, University of

    7/7/08 13:30WALL*E and the Future of Robots in Space (Jul. 7, 2008) - Planetary Radio | The Planetary Society Page 1 of 1http://www.planetary.org/radio/show/00000296/ PLANETARY RADIO WALL*E3 Can lovable little WALL*E of the new Disney Pixar film help excite young people about space

  12. Attitudinal Ambivalence Toward Parents and Attachment Style

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory R. Maio; Frank D. Fincham; Emma J. Lycett

    2000-01-01

    Two studies tested whether children's attitudinal ambivalence toward their parents is related to their attachment styles within relationships. Across both studies, children who were ambivalent toward their father were less securely attached in their relation- ships than were children who were nonambivalent toward their father. Study 1 also showed that the relation between attitudinal ambivalence and secure attachment in relationships

  13. Attachment Apparatus

    SciTech Connect

    Morrison, Edward F.

    1998-08-18

    The present invention includes an attachment apparatus comprising a rotation limiting member adapted to be threaded onto a threaded member; and a preload nut adapted to be threaded onto the threaded member. The rotation limiting member comprises a plurality of pins; and the preload nut comprises plurality of slots, preferably wherein the plurality of pins and the plurality of slots are the same in number, which is preferably three. The plurality of pins of the rotation limiting member are filled into a corresponding plurality of slots of the preload nut to form a rotatable unit adapted to be threaded onto the threaded member. In use, the rotatable unit is threaded onto the threaded member. The present invention thus provides a unitized removable device for holes, including holes other than circular in shape, which have an established depth before an end of, or before an enlargement of the hole. The configuration of some exposed part of the device, or the head, is shaped and formed for its intended purpose, such as clamping, anchor points, eye bolts, stud anchor, and the like. The device allows for the installation, preloading and removal of all components of the device, as a unit, without damage to the member for which attachment is required by simple rotations of some exposed part of the device.

  14. What Do Blood Tests Show?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Do Blood Tests Show? Blood tests show whether the levels ... changes may work best. Result Ranges for Common Blood Tests This section presents the result ranges for ...

  15. Print This Page and Attach it to Your Photocopied Records, and Return at Least 4 -6 Weeks Before Your First Semester of Classes Begin.

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    Shot p Hepatitis B-1st Shot p Hepatitis B-2nd Shot p Hepatitis B-3rd Shot p Hepatitis B blood test showing immunity p Measles/Rubella blood test showing immunity p I am over age 19 or will be when classes locate your immunization records, provide record of a blood test showing immunity. Records

  16. Surface plasmon resonance shows that type IV pili are

    E-print Network

    Buckling, Angus

    REPORT Surface plasmon resonance shows that type IV pili are important in surface attachment. Here, using the surface analytical technique, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we follow the attachment; pili; surface plasmon resonance; biofilm formation 1. INTRODUCTION Bacterial attachment is a critical

  17. Attachment in romantic relationships and somatization.

    PubMed

    Neumann, Eva; Sattel, Heribert; Gündel, Harald; Henningsen, Peter; Kruse, Johannes

    2015-02-01

    Adult attachment representations have been considered to play a role in the development and treatment of somatizing behavior. In this study, the associations between the two attachment dimensions avoidance and anxiety and dimensions of psychopathology (somatization, depression, and general anxiety) were explored. The sample consists of 202 outpatients diagnosed with a somatoform disorder. Data were collected via self-report measures. A path analysis shows that the two attachment dimensions are not directly associated with somatization. There are, however, significant indirect associations between attachment and somatization mediated by depression and general anxiety, which are more pronounced for attachment anxiety than for attachment avoidance. The findings reveal that a low level of attachment security in romantic relationships, especially an anxious stance toward the partner, comes along with poor mental health, which in turn is related to a preoccupation with somatic complaints. Implications for the treatment of somatizing patients are discussed. PMID:25594785

  18. Show-Me Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Show-Me Center is a partnership of four NSF-sponsored middle grades mathematics curriculum development Satellite Centers (University of Wisconsin, Michigan State University, University of Montana, and the Educational Development Center). The group's website provides "information and resources needed to support selection and implementation of standards-based middle grades mathematics curricula." The Video Showcase includes segments on Number, Algebra, Geometry, Measure, and Data Analysis, with information on ways to obtain the complete video set. The Curricula Showcase provides general information, unit goals, sample lessons and teacher pages spanning four projects: the Connected Mathematics Project (CMP), Mathematics in Context (MiC), MathScape: Seeing and Thinking Mathematically, and Middle Grades Math Thematics. The website also posts Show-Me Center newsletters, information on upcoming conferences and workshops, and links to resources including published articles and unpublished commentary on mathematics school reform.

  19. 10. Photocopy of drawings, 1937 (Amtrak Files) ELECTRIFICATION PLAN SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photocopy of drawings, 1937 (Amtrak Files) ELECTRIFICATION PLAN SHOWING CATENARY ATTACHMENTS - Christiana Borough Bridge, Bridge Street over Pennsylvania Railroad, Christiana, Lancaster County, PA

  20. [Locator or ball attachment: a guide for clinical decision making].

    PubMed

    Büttel, Adrian E; Bühler, Nico M; Marinello, Carlo P

    2009-01-01

    Various attachments are available to retain overdentures on natural roots or implants. Technical aspects, the clinical handling, the capability to adapt or repair and the costs are parameters to be considered when choosing the appropriate attachment. Ball attachments and bars are clinically established and well documented. Ball attachments as prefabricated, unsplinted units are easily replaceable and show hygienic advantages, while bars show favorable stability. The Locator is a newer, popular clinical alternative to these established attachments. The ball attachment and the Locator are compared from a technical and clinical point of view. PMID:19852208

  1. Hamiltonian Dynamics of Preferential Attachment

    E-print Network

    Zuev, Konstantin; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2015-01-01

    Prediction and control of network dynamics are grand-challenge problems in network science. The lack of understanding of fundamental laws driving the dynamics of networks is among the reasons why many practical problems of great significance remain unsolved for decades. Here we study the dynamics of networks evolving according to preferential attachment, known to approximate well the large-scale growth dynamics of a variety of real networks. We show that this dynamics is Hamiltonian, thus casting the study of complex networks dynamics to the powerful canonical formalism, in which the time evolution of a dynamical system is described by Hamilton's equations. We derive the explicit form of the Hamiltonian that governs network growth in preferential attachment. This Hamiltonian turns out to be nearly identical to graph energy in the configuration model, which shows that the ensemble of random graphs generated by preferential attachment is nearly identical to the ensemble of random graphs with scale-free degree d...

  2. [Attachment representation of adolescents in residential care].

    PubMed

    Schleiffer, Roland; Müller, Susanne

    2002-12-01

    In this investigation the attachment representations of adolescents in residential care were examined for the first time. 72 adolescents were interviewed by using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). At the same time the degree of adolescent psychopathology was recorded. For this purpose the caregivers completed Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), the adolescents themselves answered Achenbach's Youth Self Report (YSR). The adolescents in this sample proved to be severely burdened in psychopathological terms. They had access to only an insecure and, in many cases, an extremely insecure attachment representation. For a sub-group of adolescent mothers the early infant-mother attachment was examined using Ainsworth's Strange Situation. The findings show an intergenerational transmission of insecure attachment relationships. The implications of these results for the practice of residential care inspired by attachment theory are discussed. PMID:12532554

  3. Infant-Mother Attachment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ainsworth, Mary D. Salter

    1979-01-01

    Reviews recent research advances in the areas of individual differences in the way maternal-infant attachment behavior becomes organized, differential experiences associated with various attachment patterns, and the values of such patterns in forecasting subsequent development. (Author/GC)

  4. Associations among adult attachment representations, maternal sensitivity, and infant-mother attachment in a sample of adolescent mothers.

    PubMed

    Ward, M J; Carlson, E A

    1995-02-01

    Associations among adolescent attachment organization, maternal sensitivity, and infant attachment organization were examined prospectively in 74 teenaged mother-infant dyads. Pregnant teenagers' attachment organizations predicted both sensitivity and infant-mother attachments. Mothers classified autonomous (F) in the prenatal period showed higher levels of sensitivity at both 3 and 9 months than mothers classified dismissing (Ds), preoccupied (E), or unresolved (U). Correspondence between maternal attachment (F vs. Ds/E/U) and infant attachment (secure [B] vs. avoidant [A]/resistant [C]/disorganized [D]) was observed in 58 of 74 (78%) dyads. Exact 4-group (Ds/E/F/U and A/B/C/D) agreement was observed in 50 of 74 (68%) families. In contrast, associations between maternal sensitivity and infant attachment were not significant, leading to questions about the processes that link attachment representations, maternal behavior, and infant attachment in adolescent mothers. PMID:7497830

  5. Page 1 of 4 ATTACHMENT D1

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    16 health care; the board of nursing; the board of pharmacy; any other licensing or regulatory board in Chapter 6118 NMSA 1978; and the department;19 B. "database" means the health care work force database work force database; collection of data; housing of data; analysis and reporting.37 A. Subject

  6. The reversibility of virus attachment to mineral surfaces

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Loveland, J.P.; Ryan, J.N.; Amy, G.L.; Harvey, R.W.

    1996-01-01

    Virus transport through groundwater is limited by attachment to mineral surfaces and inactivation. Current virus transport models do not consider the implications of the reversibility of virus attachment to minerals. To explore the reversibility of virus attachment to mineral surfaces, we attached PRD1, a bacteriophage considered to be a good model of enteric viruses, to quartz and ferric oxyhydroxide-coated quartz surfaces over a range of pH values in equilibrium 'static columns'. Following attachment, we detached the viruses by replacing the pore solution with solutions of equal and higher pH. The extent of virus attachment followed an attachment 'edge' that occurred at a pH value about 2.5-3.5 pH units above the pH(IEP) of the mineral surfaces. Viruses attached below this edge were irreversibly attached until the pH of the detachment solution exceeded the pH value of the attachment edge. Viruses attached above this edge were reversibly attached. Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DEVO) potential energy calculations showed that the attachment edge occurred at the pH at which the potential energy of the primary minimum was near zero, implying that the position of the primary minimum (attractive or repulsive) controlled the equilibrium distribution of the viruses. The results suggest that the reversibility of virus attachment must be considered in virus transport models for accurate predictions of virus travel time.

  7. Attachment and Parental Correlates in Late Adolescent Mexican American Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tacon, Anna M.; Caldera, Yvonne M.

    2001-01-01

    Attachment dimensions and styles, parental caregiving styles, and acculturation were investigated among 155 Mexican American and White college women. Results showed no differences between groups on attachment dimensions or styles. For both groups, only paternal variables were associated with attachment security. Implications of measurement and…

  8. Hamiltonian Dynamics of Preferential Attachment

    E-print Network

    Konstantin Zuev; Fragkiskos Papadopoulos; Dmitri Krioukov

    2015-04-29

    Prediction and control of network dynamics are grand-challenge problems in network science. The lack of understanding of fundamental laws driving the dynamics of networks is among the reasons why many practical problems of great significance remain unsolved for decades. Here we study the dynamics of networks evolving according to preferential attachment, known to approximate well the large-scale growth dynamics of a variety of real networks. We show that this dynamics is Hamiltonian, thus casting the study of complex networks dynamics to the powerful canonical formalism, in which the time evolution of a dynamical system is described by Hamilton's equations. We derive the explicit form of the Hamiltonian that governs network growth in preferential attachment. This Hamiltonian turns out to be nearly identical to graph energy in the configuration model, which shows that the ensemble of random graphs generated by preferential attachment is nearly identical to the ensemble of random graphs with scale-free degree distributions. In other words, preferential attachment generates nothing but random graphs with power-law degree distribution. The extension of the developed canonical formalism for network analysis to richer geometric network models with non-degenerate groups of symmetries may eventually lead to a system of equations describing network dynamics at small scales.

  9. Attachment E TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE

    E-print Network

    Rock, Chris

    Attachment E OP 80.07 4/9/14 TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE HEADING · Record name of Vehicle page PURPOSE, DESTINATION, DRIVER LAST NAME AND NUMBER OF PASSENGERS · Record a brief description of Purpose for use · Record a description of Destination · Record the Driver's Last Name · Record the Number

  10. TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE Attachment E

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    TIPS FOR REPORTING COMPLIANCE Attachment E HEADING Record name of Vehicle Custodian (Vehicle page. PURPOSE, DESTINATION, DRIVER LAST NAME AND NUMBER OF PASSENGERS Record a brief description of Purpose for use. Record a description of Destination. Record the Driver's Last Name. Record the number

  11. "Sorry, I Forgot the Attachment:" Email Attachment Mark Dredze

    E-print Network

    Dredze, Mark

    "Sorry, I Forgot the Attachment:" Email Attachment Prediction Mark Dredze Computer and Information 19104 pereira@cis.upenn.edu ABSTRACT The missing attachment problem: a missing attachment generates a wave of emails from the recipients notifying the sender of the error. We present an attachment

  12. Attachment Without Fear

    PubMed Central

    Bell, David C.

    2012-01-01

    John Bowlby hypothesized an attachment system that interacts with caregiving, exploration, and fear systems in the brain, with a particular emphasis on fear. Neurobiological research confirms many of his hypotheses and also raises some new questions. A psychological model based on this neurobiological research is presented here. The model extends conventional attachment theory by describing additional attachment processes independent of fear. In this model, the attachment elements of trust, openness, and dependence interact with the caregiving elements of caring, empathy, and responsibility. PMID:22879835

  13. Arnold Schwarzenegger ATTACHMENT #14

    E-print Network

    ..................................................................... 10 3.1 Impact on Mechanical Ventilation RequirementArnold Schwarzenegger Governor ATTACHMENT #14 IMPACT OF TITLE 24 RESIDENTIAL LEAKAGE REDUCTION

  14. The neurobiology of attachment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas R. Insel; Larry J. Young

    2001-01-01

    It is difficult to think of any behavioural process that is more intrinsically important to us than attachment. Feeding, sleeping and locomotion are all necessary for survival, but humans are, as Baruch Spinoza famously noted, “a social animal” and it is our social attachments that we live for. Over the past decade, studies in a range of vertebrates, including humans,

  15. Attachments Beyond Infancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary D. Salter Ainsworth

    1989-01-01

    Attachment theory is extended to pertain to developmental changes in the nature of children’s attachments to parents and surrogate figures during the years beyond infancy, and to the nature of other affectional bonds throughout the life cycle. Various types of affectional bonds are examined in terms of the behavioral systems characteristic of each and the ways in which these systems

  16. Separation and Attachment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2005-01-01

    Developing secure attachments with babies gives them a very special gift--the foundation for good infant mental health! In this article, the author discusses how to develop secure attachments with babies. Babies who are in the care of others during the day often suffer from separations from their special adults. Thirteen "tips" to ensure that…

  17. 24/03/2011 16:13New insight into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/430277.php

    E-print Network

    Gardner, Andy

    24/03/2011 16:13New insight into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies Page 1 of 2 Entertainment Health Science Bollywood Celebs Geekwerks New insight into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies From ANI Washington, March 17: A recent study has shed light on how parasite that causes

  18. Protein Attachment on Nanodiamonds.

    PubMed

    Lin, Chung-Lun; Lin, Cheng-Huang; Chang, Huan-Cheng; Su, Meng-Chih

    2015-07-16

    A recent advance in nanotechnology is the scale-up production of small and nonaggregated diamond nanoparticles suitable for biological applications. Using detonation nanodiamonds (NDs) with an average diameter of ?4 nm as the adsorbents, we have studied the static attachment of three proteins (myoglobin, bovine serum albumin, and insulin) onto the nanoparticles by optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and dynamic light scattering, and electrophoretic zeta potential measurements. Results show that the protein surface coverage is predominantly determined by the competition between protein-protein and protein-ND interactions, giving each protein a unique and characteristic structural configuration in its own complex. Specifically, both myoglobin and bovine serum albumin show a Langmuir-type adsorption behavior, forming 1:1 complexes at saturation, whereas insulin folds into a tightly bound multimer before adsorption. The markedly different adsorption patterns appear to be independent of the protein concentration and are closely related to the affinity of the individual proteins for the NDs. The present study provides a fundamental understanding for the use of NDs as a platform for nanomedical drug delivery. PMID:25815400

  19. Attachment A COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA

    E-print Network

    Swaddle, John

    Attachment A COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA Recipient Application Leave Sharing Program I wish to apply: ______________________________________ DATE RECEIVED: ______________________________ #12;Attachment B COMMONWEALTH of VIRGINIA Donor Form

  20. Attachable solvatochromic fluorophores and bioconjugation studies.

    PubMed

    Benedetti, Erica; Veliz, Andrea B E; Charpenay, Mélanie; Kocsis, Laura S; Brummond, Kay M

    2013-06-01

    The synthesis and utility of attachable cyclopenta[b]naphthalene solvatochromic fluorophores related to Prodan are described. Two fluorophores were selected for functionalization and bioconjugation studies. The skeletons were chemically modified to include reactive functional groups and showed minimal alteration of the optical properties when compared to the parent dyes. The functionalized fluorophores were covalently attached to the carboxyl group of a fatty acid, and azido- and thiol-containing amino acids, demonstrating their potential for labeling biomolecules. PMID:23668292

  1. Show What You Know.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chadwell, Deana R.

    1991-01-01

    At South Medford High School, Oregon, all seniors must complete a senior project that requires the following: write a 10-page research paper on a topic of choice; carry out a project that relates to the research; and speak about what they learned from the project and answer questions before a board of judges. Offers tips for starting senior…

  2. Personality disorders and romantic adult attachment: a comparison of secure and insecure attached child molesters.

    PubMed

    Bogaerts, Stefan; Vanheule, Stijn; Desmet, Mattias

    2006-04-01

    This study analyzed personality disorders in a group of 33 securely and 51 insecurely attached child molesters. A total of 51 child molesters were selected from a community based educational training program, and the other group was selected from a Belgian prison (n = 33). Research shows that adult attachment styles and personality disorders share a common underlying structure. It is remarkable that very little is known about differences between securely and insecurely attached child molesters. In this study, the authors found that the schizoid personality disorder differed between securely and insecurely attached child molesters. These findings have implications for the aetiology and treatment of child molesters. Future research is necessary to determine patterns of attachment in relationship to personality disorders. PMID:16510885

  3. 11. DETAIL VIEW OF NONSUBMERSIBLE TAINTER GATE, SHOWING CABLE ASSEMBLY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. DETAIL VIEW OF NON-SUBMERSIBLE TAINTER GATE, SHOWING CABLE ASSEMBLY ATTACHMENT, LOOKING EAST (DOWNSTREAM) - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26R, Alton, Madison County, IL

  4. 9. MAIN (WEST) ELEVATION, DETAIL OF DOORWAY, SHOWING FRONTISPIECE OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. MAIN (WEST) ELEVATION, DETAIL OF DOORWAY, SHOWING FRONTISPIECE OF COMPOSITE ATTACHED COLUMNS, SWAN'S NECK PEDIMENT WITH PINEAPPLE, EGG-AND-DART RELIEF AROUND ARCH - Mt. Harmon Plantation at World's End, Earleville, Cecil County, MD

  5. Emotional intelligence, attachment and bonding and communication.

    PubMed

    Gunning, Melanie D; Waugh, Harriet; Robertson, Fiona; Holmes, Bjarne

    2011-03-01

    This study explores the use of emotional intelligence (El) as an explanatory factor in the relationship between attachment and mother-infant bonding and communication. With the long-term aim of synthesising these constructs into a useful tool to identify risk for mother-infant bonding and communication problems, the study utilised previously validated questionnaires. The inter-relationships between El and adult attachment anxiety/avoidance were investigated alongside their associations with mothers' self-assessments of bonding problems and with observer-based assessments of maternal communicative behaviour. The study suggests that the El capacity for managing and controlling emotions in challenging situations mediates the link between anxious attachment style and bonding problems. Women with lower El also showed more disrupted behaviours during play with their infants. The results support further development of the use of the constructs of El and attachment in identifying risk for bonding and communication difficulties. PMID:21563521

  6. Attachment, skin deep? Relationships between adult attachment and skin barrier recovery

    PubMed Central

    Robles, Theodore F.; Brooks, Kathryn P.; Kane, Heidi S.; Schetter, Christine Dunkel

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between individual differences in adult attachment and skin barrier recovery. Dating couples (N = 34) completed a self-report measure of attachment anxiety and avoidance, and during two separate laboratory visits, normal skin barrier function was disrupted using a tape-stripping procedure, followed by a 20 min discussion of personal concerns in one visit and relationship problems in the other, counterbalanced randomly across visits. Skin barrier recovery was assessed by measuring transepidermal water loss up to 2 h after skin disruption. Multilevel modeling showed that skin barrier recovery did not differ between the personal concern or relationship problem discussions. Among women, greater attachment anxiety predicted faster skin barrier recovery across the two visits, while greater attachment avoidance predicted slower skin barrier recovery. Among men, greater attachment anxiety predicted slower skin barrier recovery during the personal concern discussion only. The observed effects remained significant after controlling for transepidermal water loss in undisturbed skin, suggesting that the relationship between attachment security and skin barrier recovery was not due to other skin-related factors like sweating. Cortisol changes, self-reported emotions, stress appraisals, and supportiveness ratings were tested as potential mediators, and none explained the relationships between attachment and skin barrier recovery. These findings are the first to demonstrate associations between individual differences in attachment style and restorative biological processes in the skin, even in a sample of young dating couples in satisfied relationships. PMID:22546664

  7. Attachment behavior and mother-child conversations as predictors of attachment representations in middle childhood: a longitudinal study.

    PubMed

    Dubois-Comtois, Karine; Cyr, Chantal; Moss, Ellen

    2011-07-01

    This study examines longitudinal links between mother-child conversations and attachment patterns in early childhood and later attachment representations. It also tests the role of conversations as mediators in the association between behavioral security and attachment representations. Mother-child conversations (snack-time) and attachment behaviors (Separation-Reunion procedure) were assessed for 83 5.5-year-olds while attachment representations (attachment narratives) were measured at 8.5 years of age. Results showed correspondence between attachment behaviors and representations for secure-confident, ambivalent-preoccupied, and disorganized/controlling-frightened groups. Affective quality of mother-child conversations predicted both child attachment behaviors and representations. Secure and confident children showed greater integration of affective information, ambivalent and preoccupied children more affect exaggeration, and disorganized/controlling and frightened children more chaotic conversations. Avoidant children tended to show more affect minimization in conversations. Finally, mother-child conversations centered on the sharing of emotions and thoughts mediated the relation between behavioral and representational attachment security, which underscores the importance of mother-child conversations in the development of attachment representations in childhood. PMID:21718222

  8. Community Nurses' View of General Practice Attachment

    PubMed Central

    Walker, J. H.; McClure, L. M.

    1969-01-01

    An analysis of 98 health visitors and district nurses attached and non-attached to general practitioners in three local authority areas showed that most of them were aged over 40 and that many had entered domiciliary work because of the convenient hours or because of its intangible attractions. Adequate preparation for attachment was considered important, particularly a clear definition of the roles of the attached staff and their relationships to other workers in the practice. Attached staff were found to be much more satisfied with the information given by the general practitioner about their patients than were unattached staff, and the former usually had access to the patients' medical records. The principal advantages of attachment were listed as access to family history; improved co-ordination within the practice and co-operation with the social services; favourable patient response; and increased mileage and work-load; the impossibility of crossing local authority boundaries; and having to deal with families registered with more than one doctor. PMID:5803696

  9. 03/27/2007 10:23 AMScience Update: The Science Radio News Feature of the AAAS Page 1 of 1http://www.scienceupdate.com/show.php?date=20070320

    E-print Network

    ://www.scienceupdate.com/show.php?date=20070320 Aquariums for Ears March 20, 2007 Scientists are using sound to make public aquariums accessible Update. [Aquarium version of The Blue Danube] HIRSHON: If this version of The Blue Danube seems strange, it's because it's being played by fish. It's part of a new project to make public aquariums more

  10. Doing a cited reference search in Social Sciences Citation Index 1. from the library home page http://library.mcmaster.ca click on the Find Articles Tab, click Show More

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Michael

    ://library.mcmaster.ca click on the Find Articles Tab, click Show More Options and type "SSCI" in the search box; click. following the instructions, give the details of the article you want to find references to. We will use the following article as an example: a. Cited Author: type the author's last name, then their first initial

  11. Schizophrenics 'show new mutations' -Health News -NHS Choices http://www.nhs.uk/news/2011/08August/Pages/sporadic-genetic-mutation-schizophrenia.aspx[8/9/2011 10:05:12 AM

    E-print Network

    Schizophrenics 'show new mutations' - Health News - NHS Choices http://www.nhs.uk/news/2011) Mental health (125) QA articles (83) Diabetes (80) Swine flu (38) Special reports (2) Share: Save they have `fundamentally transformed' the understanding of the genetics of schizophrenia," BBC News has

  12. Autumn shows roundup

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Bloss

    2002-01-01

    A report on three major American automation shows where innovative products and automated assembly technologies formed a focus. Products reviewed include grippers, actuators, assembly modules, dispensing controller and pneumatic components from a number of suppliers.

  13. Internal pipe attachment mechanism

    DOEpatents

    Bast, R.M.; Chesnut, D.A.; Henning, C.D.; Lennon, J.P.; Pastrnak, J.W.; Smith, J.A.

    1994-12-13

    An attachment mechanism is described for repairing or extending fluid carrying pipes, casings, conduits, etc. utilizing one-way motion of spring tempered fingers to provide a mechanical connection between the attachment mechanism and the pipe. The spring tempered fingers flex to permit insertion into a pipe to a desired insertion depth. The mechanical connection is accomplished by reversing the insertion motion and the mechanical leverage in the fingers forces them outwardly against the inner wall of the pipe. A seal is generated by crushing a sealing assembly by the action of setting the mechanical connection. 6 figures.

  14. Flagellar generated flow mediates attachment of Giardia Lamblia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Picou, Theodore; Polackwich, Jamie; Burrola Gabilondo, Beatriz; McAllister, Ryan; Powers, Tom; Elmendorf, Heidi; Urbach, Jeff

    2011-11-01

    Giardia lamblia is a protozoan parasite responsible for widespread diarrheal disease in humans and animals worldwide. Attachment to the host intestinal mucosa and resistance to peristalsis is necessary for establishing infection, but the physical basis for this attachment is poorly understood. We report results from confocal fluorescence microscopy that demonstrate that the regular beating of the posterior flagella generate a flow through the ventral disk, a suction-cup shaped structure that is against the substrate during attachment. Finite element simulations show that the negative pressure generated by the flow is consistent with the measured force of attachement between the parasite and its substrate.

  15. Do Elephants Show Empathy?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lucy A. Bates; Phyllis C. Lee; Norah Njiraini; Joyce H. Poole; Katito Sayialel; Soila Sayialel; Cynthia J. Moss; Richard W. Byrne

    2008-01-01

    Elephants show a rich social organization and display a number of unusual traits. In this paper, we analyse reports collected over a thirty-five year period, describing behaviour that has the potential to reveal signs of empathic understanding. These include coalition formation, the offering of protection and comfort to others, retrieving and 'babysitting' calves, aiding individuals that would otherwise have difficulty

  16. Show Me the Way

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dicks, Matthew J.

    2005-01-01

    Because today's students have grown up steeped in video games and the Internet, most of them expect feedback, and usually gratification, very soon after they expend effort on a task. Teachers can get quick feedback to students by showing them videotapes of their learning performances. The author, a 3rd grade teacher describes how the seemingly…

  17. Demonstration Road Show

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2009-04-06

    The Idaho State University Department of Physics conducts science demonstration shows at S. E. Idaho schools. Four different presentations are currently available; "Forces and Motion", "States of Matter", "Electricity and Magnetism", and "Sound and Waves". Information provided includes descriptions of the material and links to other resources.

  18. Earthquake Damage Slide Show

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This slide show presents examples of various types of damage caused by earthquakes. Photos include structural failures in bridges and buildings, landshifts, landslides, liquefaction, fires, tsunamis, and human impacts. Supplemental notes are provided to aid instructors about the photos presented on each slide.

  19. Honored Teacher Shows Commitment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ratte, Kathy

    1987-01-01

    Part of the acceptance speech of the 1985 National Council for the Social Studies Teacher of the Year, this article describes the censorship experience of this honored social studies teacher. The incident involved the showing of a videotape version of the feature film entitled "The Seduction of Joe Tynan." (JDH)

  20. What Do Maps Show?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geological Survey (Dept. of Interior), Reston, VA.

    This curriculum packet, appropriate for grades 4-8, features a teaching poster which shows different types of maps (different views of Salt Lake City, Utah), as well as three reproducible maps and reproducible activity sheets which complement the maps. The poster provides teacher background, including step-by-step lesson plans for four geography…

  1. Attachment and Personality Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sinha, Preeti; Sharan, Pratap

    2007-01-01

    Personality disorders (PDs) arise from core psychopathology of interpersonal relationships and understanding of self and others. The distorted representations of self and others, as well as unhealthy relationships that characterize persons with various PDs, indicate the possibility that persons with PDs have insecure attachment. Insecure…

  2. Aircraft lightning attachment phenomena

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    An aircraft's influence on lightning-strike occurrence was investigated. The compression of an electric field around an aircraft was considered in mathematical calculations of an aircraft's ability to store charge. Model test results were used to predict lightning-strike attachment zones in an analysis of aircraft design.

  3. Attachment: Children's rights and needs.

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    Attachment: Children's rights and needs. Swansea 2013 PARTICIPATION TRUDY ASPINWALL PROGRAMME OFFICER - SAVE THE CHILDREN WALES T. ASPINWALL@SAVETHECHILDREN.ORG.UK #12;Attachment and the realisation ­ crucial for children's well being and emotional and social development (Bowlby) ·Through

  4. The Truman Show

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rolf F. Nohr

    The Truman Show is hardly a film you would automatically speak about as a game. At first glance, it is tempting to interpret the story of\\u000a Truman Burbank — his perpetual subjection to the artificial (televisual) world of Seahaven and its gargantuan reality TV project,\\u000a his eventual escape from the “OmniCam Ecosphere” building and the paternalistic surveillance of director Christof

  5. Attachment models in incarcerated sex offenders: a preliminary Italian study using the adult attachment interview.

    PubMed

    Grattagliano, Ignazio; Cassibba, Rosalinda; Costantini, Alessandro; Laquale, Giovanni Michele; Latrofa, Alessandra; Papagna, Sonia; Sette, Giovanna; Taurino, Alessandro; Terlizzi, Maria

    2015-01-01

    A group of sex offenders (clinical group: n = 19) was compared to a nonclinical sample matched by age, years of education, and gender (control group A: n = 19) to verify a higher incidence of insecure attachment models among sex offenders. In addition, we tested whether sex offenders were characterized by specific childhood experiences, compared to control adults (control group B: n = 19) with the same secure/insecure attachment classification. Results showed significant differences between offenders and control adults on both the AAI continuous score and the distribution of the two-way attachment classifications. Furthermore, sex offenders reported more intense experiences of rejection by the father figure and abuse in the family context during early childhood compared to not offenders subjects with the same attachment classification. PMID:25382061

  6. Processus d'attachement et processus d'adoption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M.-O. Goubier-Boula

    2005-01-01

    Adoption is a form of specific and complex parenthood. It shows the importance of the process of attachment and the development of early interactions between the baby and the child with his parents or nursing adults. The attachment-process conduces to the construction of the SELF and of child's identity by the process of cultural and emotional double-affiliation to the biological

  7. So Far Away from One's Partner, Yet So Close to Romantic Alternatives: Avoidant Attachment, Interest in Alternatives, and Infidelity

    E-print Network

    Reber, Paul J.

    1 So Far Away from One's Partner, Yet So Close to Romantic Alternatives: Avoidant Attachment to their partner: dispositional avoidant attachment style. We hypothesize that avoidantly attached people may of dispositional avoidant attachment had more permissive attitudes toward infidelity (Study 1), showed attentional

  8. Professional Caretakers as Attachment Figures in Day Care Centers for Children with Intellectual Disability and Behavior Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Schipper, J. Clasien; Stolk, Joop; Schuengel, Carlo

    2006-01-01

    Do children with intellectual disabilities (ID) show attachment behavior towards their professional caretaker? Five children, varying in chronological age, developmental age and DSM-diagnosis, were observed in a day care setting. Their attachment behavior was described by means of the Attachment Q-sort. Attachment behavior varied within and…

  9. ATTACHMENT H January 7, 2010

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    ATTACHMENT H January 7, 2010 PP/OP 02.02 PHYSICAL PLANT Incident Investigation Director's Checklist. Place a beside the applicable items listed below: _____ I have reviewed the attached incident package/or photographs are attached to further document the incident. _____ I concur with the action(s) taken to improve

  10. Attachment Theory: Retrospect and Prospect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bretherton, Inge

    1985-01-01

    Provides overview of attachment theory as parented by John Bowlby in "Attachment and Loss". Uses two major concepts from this work to interpret refinements and elaborations of attachment theory attibuted to Mary Ainsworth. Considers how recent insights into development of socioemotional understanding and development of event representation can be…

  11. 10 CFR 75.15 - Facility attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Facility attachments. 75.15 Section 75.15 Energy ...Control for Facilities § 75.15 Facility attachments. (a) The Facility Attachment or Transitional Facility Attachment...

  12. 10 CFR 75.15 - Facility attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Facility attachments. 75.15 Section 75.15 Energy ...Control for Facilities § 75.15 Facility attachments. (a) The Facility Attachment or Transitional Facility Attachment...

  13. 10 CFR 75.15 - Facility attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Facility attachments. 75.15 Section 75.15 Energy ...Control for Facilities § 75.15 Facility attachments. (a) The Facility Attachment or Transitional Facility Attachment...

  14. 10 CFR 75.15 - Facility attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Facility attachments. 75.15 Section 75.15 Energy ...Control for Facilities § 75.15 Facility attachments. (a) The Facility Attachment or Transitional Facility Attachment...

  15. Boosting Applied to Tagging and PP Attachment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Abney; Robert E. Schapire; Yoram Singer

    1999-01-01

    Boosting is a machine learning algorithm that is not well known in computational linguistics. We ap- ply it to part-of-speech tagging and prepositional phrase attachment. Performance is very encourag- ing. We also show how to improve data quality by using boosting to identify annotation errors.

  16. BOSEMESNER ALGEBRAS ATTACHED TO INVERTIBLE JONES PAIRS

    E-print Network

    Chan, Ada Sze Sze

    BOSE­MESNER ALGEBRAS ATTACHED TO INVERTIBLE JONES PAIRS ADA CHAN AND CHRIS GODSIL Abstract. In 1989, Vaughan Jones introduced spin models and showed that they could be used to form link invariants in two di models are a special class of matrices introduced by Jones in [8] as a tool for creating link invariants

  17. American History Picture Show

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Bennion

    2009-11-23

    In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

  18. Attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ha-Young; Lee, Jeong-Yol; Bryant, S. Ross

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE The aim of this systematic review was to address treatment outcome according to attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures in terms of implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, and patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and hand searching of relevant journals considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Clinical trial studies on mandibular implant overdentures until August, 2010 were selected if more than one type of overdenture attachment was reported. Twenty four studies from 1098 studies were finally included and the data on implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, patient satisfaction were analyzed relative to attachment systems. RESULTS Four studies presented implant survival rates (95.8 - 97.5% for bar, 96.2 - 100% for ball, 91.7% for magnet) according to attachment system. Ten other studies presented an implant survival rate ranging from 93.3% to 100% without respect to the attachment groups. Common prosthetic maintenance and complications were replacement of an assay for magnet attachments, and activation of a matrix or clip for ball or bar attachments. Prosthetic maintenance and complications most commonly occurred in the magnet groups. Conflicting findings were found on the rate of prosthetic maintenance and complications comparing ball and bar attachments. Most studies showed no significant differences in patient satisfaction depending upon attachment systems. CONCLUSION The implant survival rate of mandibular overdentures seemed to be high regardless attachment systems. The prosthetic maintenance and complications may be influenced by attachment systems. However patient satisfaction may be independent of the attachment system. PMID:23236571

  19. Attachment anxiety is related to Epstein-Barr virus latency.

    PubMed

    Fagundes, Christopher P; Jaremka, Lisa M; Glaser, Ronald; Alfano, Catherine M; Povoski, Stephen P; Lipari, Adele M; Agnese, Doreen M; Yee, Lisa D; Carson, William E; Farrar, William B; Malarkey, William B; Chen, Min; Kiecolt-Glaser, Janice K

    2014-10-01

    Attachment theory provides a framework for understanding individual differences in chronic interpersonal stress. Attachment anxiety, a type of relationship insecurity characterized by worry about rejection and abandonment, is a chronic interpersonal stressor. Stress impacts cellular immunity, including herpesvirus reactivation. We investigated whether attachment anxiety was related to the expression of a latent herpesvirus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), when individuals were being tested for breast or colon cancer and approximately 1 year later. Participants (N=183) completed a standard attachment questionnaire and provided blood to assess EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG antibody titers. Individuals with more attachment anxiety had higher EBV VCA IgG antibody titers than those with less attachment anxiety. The strength of the association between attachment anxiety and antibody titers was the same at both assessments. This study is the first to show an association between latent herpesvirus reactivation and attachment anxiety. Because elevated herpesvirus antibody titers reflect poorer cellular immune system control over the latent virus, these data suggest that high attachment anxiety is associated with cellular immune dysregulation. PMID:24945717

  20. Intervention in transmission of insecure attachment: a case study.

    PubMed

    Juffer, F; van Ijzendoorn, M H; Bakermans-Kranenburg, M J

    1997-04-01

    Several attachment-based intervention studies have been performed, with varying success. An important question is whether short-term interventions can be successful in promoting parental sensitivity and security of infant-parent attachment as well as in changing parental representations of attachment. We investigated this issue in an exploratory way in a case study. A short-term home-based intervention with written material and video feedback, which was effective regarding parental sensitivity and infant security in a former study, was provided a parent who revealed an insecure attachment representation in the Adult Attachment Interview. The intervention sessions were expanded with discussions about past and present experiences of attachment. After four intervention sessions the mother's behavior towards her child was rated as more sensitive than before the intervention. Also, the infant-mother attachment, as observed in the Strange Situation, appeared to be more secure. Nevertheless, in a second Adult Attachment Interview administered after the intervention, the mother showed again an insecure representation of attachment. Possible implications of these results are discussed. PMID:9129372

  1. FAS Attache Reports

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    United States. Foreign Agricultural Service.

    Provided by the US Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), this daily updated database of attache reports on the agricultural situation and agricultural trade in other countries currently contains nearly 12,500 reports. Dating from 1995 to the present, the reports cover individual countries (almost 130), specific commodities and products, and trade policy. Users may search the database by commodity, country, subject, and AGR number. Searches may be further modified by date.

  2. Magnetic attachment mechanism

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, Mitchell B. (inventor); Harwell, William D. (inventor)

    1988-01-01

    A magnetic attachment mechanism adapted for interfacing with the manipulator arm of a remote manipulator system and comprising a pair of permanent magnets of rare earth material are arranged in a stator-rotor relationship. The rotor magnet is journalled for rotation about its longitudinal axis between pole plates of the stator magnet, each of which includes an adhering surface. In a first rotary position corresponding to the ON condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet is closely adjacent to a stator magnet pole plate of like polarity whereby the respective magnet fields are additive for producing a strong magnetic field emanating from the adhering surfaces for attracting a ferrous magnetic plate, or the like, affixed to the payload. When the rotor magnet is rotated to a second position corresponding to the OFF condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet is disposed closely adjacent to a pole plate of unlike polarity whereby the magnetic fields of the magnets are in cancelling relationship at the adhering surfaces, which permits the release of a payload. An actuator for selectively rotating the rotor magnet between the ON and OFF positions is provided for interfacing and connecting the magnetic attachment mechanism with a manipulator arm. For affecting an optimal rigidized attachment the payload is provided with guide means cooperable with guide means on the housing of the mechanism for directing adhering surfaces of the polar plates to the ferrous plate.

  3. Page 1 of 14 Summer 2013

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    ,youMUSTspeaktotheEducationAbroadOfficebeforeapplyingforone. (StapleHere) 2in.X2in. Headshot #12;Page 2 of 14 APPLICATION CHECKLIST Please check that all items). __ A photocopy of the picture page of your passport __ One 2x2 headshot photo (attached to page 1). __ Personal

  4. Page 1 of 14 Summer 2014

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    ,youMUSTspeaktotheEducationAbroadOfficebeforeapplyingforone. (StapleHere) 2in.X2in. Headshot (StapleHere) #12;Page 2 of 14 APPLICATION CHECKLIST Please check that all 2x2 headshot photo (attached to page 1). __ Personal Statement #12;Page 3 of 14 PLACEMENT ACCEPTANCE

  5. The relationship between attachment style and postpartum depression.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, Mari; Hayashi, Momoko; Kamibeppu, Kiyoko

    2014-01-01

    Although an increasing number of studies show an association between adult attachment style and mood disorders, the relationship between adult attachment style and depression associated with childbirth is largely unknown. This study investigated the association between women's attachment style, postpartum depression (PPD), and other risk factors. During the 32nd week of pregnancy, 84 women were interviewed using the Attachment Style Interview. Participants also completed self-report questionnaires about reaction to pregnancy, family relationships, current life stresses, and symptoms of depression and anxiety. At one-month postpartum, they were evaluated for postpartum depressive symptoms using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Eighty-two women completed the second self-report questionnaires and were evaluated for PPD. The data of 76 women were eligible for analysis. PPD was present in 21%. An insecure attachment style was significantly related to depression. A multiple logistic regression analysis showed significant effects for insecure attachment, social economic status, and antenatal depression on PPD. Adding the insecure attachment style factor to the logistic model that predicted PPD increased the area under the curve to 0.87 (95% CI .77-.98; p < .05). The inclusion of attachment styles in assessments of perinatal depressive disorders could improve screening and the design of interventions. PMID:25098625

  6. Normative Trends in Children's Perceptions of Availability and Utilization of Attachment Figures in Middle Childhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerns, Kathryn A.; Tomich, Patricia L.; Kim, Patricia

    2006-01-01

    Two studies addressed the normative aspects of attachments to mothers and fathers in middle childhood. Using both cross-sectional and longitudinal comparisons, we tested the hypothesis that children show no changes in perceptions of availability of attachment figures across the later middle childhood years, but do utilize attachment figures less…

  7. Page 1 of 4 2014 Texas 4-H Fashion Show

    E-print Network

    : ___________________________________________________ Date Signed:__________ I have read this form and give permission for my child to participate and that my child's entry complies with the requirements. Signature of Parent people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A

  8. 8. INTERIOR OF KERN RIVER No. 1 POWERHOUSE BUILDING SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. INTERIOR OF KERN RIVER No. 1 POWERHOUSE BUILDING SHOWING EXCITER No 1. SIDE VIEW OF LOMBARD GOVERNOR SHOWING BELT ATTACHMENT TO EXCITER SHAFT. GENERATOR UNIT No. 2 IN BACKGROUND. VIEW TO NORTHWEST. - Kern County No. 1 Hydroelectric System, Powerhouse Exciters, Kern River Canyon, Bakersfield, Kern County, CA

  9. This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPhone. To log in to the iOS app, swipe the screen to the right or click the menu button in the top left corner,

    E-print Network

    Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

    iPhone app iPhone app This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPhone. Login To log in to the iOS app, swipe the screen to the right or click the menu button What is the capture resolution? The iOS application will capture at 480x368. How much storage

  10. 08/23/2007 09:59 PMInterstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life on Earth Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/167969.php/Interstellar-dust-clouds-may-have-sown-seeds-of-life-on-Earth

    E-print Network

    Glaser, Rainer

    08/23/2007 09:59 PMInterstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life on Earth Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/167969.php/Interstellar-dust-clouds-may-have-sown-seeds-of-life-on-Earth www.rare-earth-magnets.com Ads Earth Space Earth Surface Earth Day Earth Facts Interstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life

  11. View of redwood planks attached to the face of Lake ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of redwood planks attached to the face of Lake Sabrina Dam, close-up, detail showing overlapping planks at right edge of photo - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Lake Sabrina Dam, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

  12. Magnetic attachment mechanism

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harwell, William D. (Inventor); Wu, Mitchell B. (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    A magnetic attachment mechanism adapted for interfacing with the manipulator arm (11) of a remote manipulator system and comprising a pair of permanent magnets (31,32) of rare earth material which are arranged in a stator-rotor relationship. The rotor magnet (32), is journalled for rotation about its longitudinal axis between pole plates (35,36) of the stator magnet (31), each of which includes an adhering surface (35a,36a). In a first rotary position corresponding to the ON condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet (32) is closely adjacent a stator magnet pole plate of like polarity whereby the respective magnet fields are additive for producing a strong magnetic field emanating from the adhering surfaces (35a,36a) for attracting a ferrous magnetic plate 20, or the like, affixed to the payload (20 or 50). When the rotor magnet (32) is rotated to a second position corresponding to the OFF condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet (31) is disposed closely adjacent a pole plate of unlike polarity whereby the magnetic fields of the magnets are in cancelling relationship at the adhering surfaces (35a,36a) which permits the release of a payload. An actuator (51 or 70) for selectively rotating the rotor magnet (32) between the ON and OFF positions is provided for interfacing and connecting the magnetic attachment mechanism with a manipulator arm. For effecting an optimal rigidized attachment the payload is provided with guides (91,92) cooperable with guides (96,16,17) on the housing of the mechanism for directing adhering surfaces (35a,36a) of the polar plates to the ferrous plate (20).

  13. Memories of attachment hamper EEG cortical connectivity in dissociative patients.

    PubMed

    Farina, Benedetto; Speranza, Anna Maria; Dittoni, Serena; Gnoni, Valentina; Trentini, Cristina; Vergano, Carola Maggiora; Liotti, Giovanni; Brunetti, Riccardo; Testani, Elisa; Della Marca, Giacomo

    2014-08-01

    In this study, we evaluated cortical connectivity modifications by electroencephalography (EEG) lagged coherence analysis, in subjects with dissociative disorders and in controls, after retrieval of attachment memories. We asked thirteen patients with dissociative disorders and thirteen age- and sex-matched healthy controls to retrieve personal attachment-related autobiographical memories through adult attachment interviews (AAI). EEG was recorded in the closed eyes resting state before and after the AAI. EEG lagged coherence before and after AAI was compared in all subjects. In the control group, memories of attachment promoted a widespread increase in EEG connectivity, in particular in the high-frequency EEG bands. Compared to controls, dissociative patients did not show an increase in EEG connectivity after the AAI. Conclusions: These results shed light on the neurophysiology of the disintegrative effect of retrieval of traumatic attachment memories in dissociative patients. PMID:24121863

  14. Sentence-Level Attachment Prediction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albakour, M.-Dyaa; Kruschwitz, Udo; Lucas, Simon

    Attachment prediction is the task of automatically identifying email messages that should contain an attachment. This can be useful to tackle the problem of sending out emails but forgetting to include the relevant attachment (something that happens all too often). A common Information Retrieval (IR) approach in analyzing documents such as emails is to treat the entire document as a bag of words. Here we propose a finer-grained analysis to address the problem. We aim at identifying individual sentences within an email that refer to an attachment. If we detect any such sentence, we predict that the email should have an attachment. Using part of the Enron corpus for evaluation we find that our finer-grained approach outperforms previously reported document-level attachment prediction in similar evaluation settings.

  15. PP/OP 02.05 Attachment A

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    V >121kV 140kV Avoid contact 1 foot 0 inches 1 foot 6 inches 2 feet 0 inches 3 feet 0 inches 3 feet 6 inches 4 feet 0 inches 4 feet 6 inches #12;PP/OP 02.05 Attachment A 02/16/2010Page 2 Is the degree

  16. Attachment A PP/OP 02.04

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    Attachment A PP/OP 02.04 03/03/2011 Page 1 PHYSICAL PLANT SAFETY ORIENTATION PROCESS FORM NEW materials (electronic MSDS review), machinery, noise, etc. _____ 3. Hazardous control measures protection, etc). _____ 4. Safe operating procedures (Physical Plant operating policies

  17. Patterns of stability in adult attachment: an empirical test of two models of continuity and change.

    PubMed

    Fraley, R Chris; Vicary, Amanda M; Brumbaugh, Claudia Chloe; Roisman, Glenn I

    2011-11-01

    One of the core assumptions of attachment theory is that attachment representations are stable over time. Unfortunately, the data on attachment stability have been ambiguous, and as a result, alternative theoretical perspectives have evolved to explain them. The objective of the present research was to evaluate alternative models of stability by studying adults in 2 intensive longitudinal investigations. Specifically, we assessed attachment representations in 1 sample (N = 203) daily over a 30-day period and in the other sample (N = 388) weekly over a year. Analyses show that the patterns of stability that exist in adult attachment are most consistent with a prototype model--a model assuming that there is a stable factor underlying temporary variations in attachment. Moreover, although the Big Five personality traits exhibited a pattern of stability that was similar to that of attachment, they did not account for the stability observed in attachment. PMID:21707199

  18. Separation anxiety, attachment and agoraphobia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pat Sable

    1994-01-01

    Within a framework of attachment, developed by John Bowlby, the anxiety disorder of agoraphobia (fear of leaving familiar surroundings, especially when alone) is conceived as a condition of anxious attachment, related to fear of separation from those with whom one has formed affectional bonds. Bowlby attributes this anxiety to earlier separation or loss experiences or threat of separation. Uncertain about

  19. 16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING THE 'EYE PLATES' AND THE ATTACHMENT OF THE SIDEWALK CANTILEVER BRACKETS, NORTH GIRDER, PANEL 5, LOOKING SOUTHEAST Ryan & Harms - Benton Street Bridge, Spanning Iowa River at Benton Street, Iowa City, Johnson County, IA

  20. page 1 page 3

    E-print Network

    Yeom, Heon Young

    capability Technology Culture Costomer's Royalty HIGH LOW LOW HIGHEnvironment Scratch Level Labor ­ ... Target system Function NN Circuit Regression Analysis GA HeuristicsTS Information IO Pairs Log data data » ­ Articulation #12;page 20 page 20 3. #12; S&P 500 Wilshire 5000 KOSPI

  1. 14 CFR 33.25 - Accessory attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...accessory drive and mounting attachments loaded. Each engine accessory drive and mounting attachment must include provisions...A drive and mounting attachment requiring lubrication...to prevent unacceptable loss of oil and to...

  2. 10 CFR 75.15 - Facility attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...reference to the Facility Attachment or Transitional Facility Attachment, or otherwise, will specify...to in § 75.34; (6) Loss limits and changes in containment...the Transitional Facility Attachment (as amended from time...

  3. JAMA Patient Page: Head Lice

    MedlinePLUS

    JAMA PATIENT PAGE Head Lice Removal of nits Louse on scalp Nits are tightly attached to strands of hair Lice are free and crawl ... sharing combs or brushes with someone who has head lice. Having head lice does not mean you have ...

  4. Columbia University Health Sciences Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section -Page 43

    E-print Network

    Jia, Songtao

    Columbia University Health Sciences ­ Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section - Page _________ *************************************************************************** Please complete and forward the attached pages to Environmental Health & Safety, Mailbox 8. Keep a copy;ColumbiaUniversityHealthSciences­Health&SafetyManual2003 LaboratorySafetySection-Page44 Attachment

  5. Sex differences in romantic attachment: a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Del Giudice, Marco

    2011-02-01

    This article presents the first meta-analysis of sex differences in the avoidance and anxiety dimensions of adult romantic attachment, based on 113 samples (N = 66,132) from 100 studies employing two-dimensional romantic attachment questionnaires (Experiences in Close Relationships, Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised, and Adult Attachment Questionnaire). Overall, males showed higher avoidance and lower anxiety than females, with substantial between-study heterogeneity. Sex differences were much larger in community samples (bivariate D = .28) than in college samples (D = .12); web-based studies showed the smallest sex differences (D = .07) in the opposite direction. Sex differences also varied across geographic regions (overall Ds = .10 to .34). Sex differences in anxiety peaked in young adulthood, whereas those in avoidance increased through the life course. The relevance of these findings for evolutionary models of romantic attachment is discussed, and possible factors leading to underestimation of sex differences are reviewed. PMID:21239594

  6. Temperamental precursors of infant attachment with mothers and fathers.

    PubMed

    Planalp, Elizabeth M; Braungart-Rieker, Julia M

    2013-12-01

    The degree to which parent sensitivity and infant temperament distinguish attachment classification was examined. Multilevel modeling was used to assess the effect of parent sensitivity and infant temperament on infant-mother and infant-father attachment. Data were collected from mothers, fathers, and their infants (N = 135) when the infant was 3-, 5-, 7-, 12-, and 14-months old. Temperament was measured using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (Gartstein & Rothbart, 2003); parent sensitivity was coded during the Still Face Paradigm (Tronick, Als, Adamson, Wise, & Brazelton, 1978); attachment was coded using the Strange Situation (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978). Results indicate that mothers and fathers were less sensitive with insecure-avoidant infants. Whereas only one difference was found for infant-mother attachment groups and temperament, five significant differences emerged for infant-father attachment groups, with the majority involving insecure-ambivalent attachment. Infants classified as ambivalent with fathers were higher in perceptual sensitivity and cuddliness and these infants also showed a greater increase in low-intensity pleasure over time compared with other infants. Results indicate the importance of both parent sensitivity and infant temperament, though operating in somewhat different ways, in the development of the infant-mother and infant-father attachment relationship. PMID:24103401

  7. Universal precision sine bar attachment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mann, Franklin D. (inventor)

    1989-01-01

    This invention relates to an attachment for a sine bar which can be used to perform measurements during lathe operations or other types of machining operations. The attachment can be used for setting precision angles on vises, dividing heads, rotary tables and angle plates. It can also be used in the inspection of machined parts, when close tolerances are required, and in the layout of precision hardware. The novelty of the invention is believed to reside in a specific versatile sine bar attachment for measuring a variety of angles on a number of different types of equipment.

  8. page 1 page 3

    E-print Network

    Yeom, Heon Young

    building blocks Outsourcing capability Technology Culture Costomer's Royalty HIGH LOW LOW HIGHEnvironmentTS Information IO Pairs Log data Modeling & Extraction Approximation #12;page 18 Optimization ProblemsObstacles · ­ Hierarchical model ­ · Abstraction, articulation, event ­ Dream: Raw data » ­ Articulation #12

  9. Page 1 of 14 WINTER 2014

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    ,youMUSTspeaktotheEducationAbroadOfficebeforeapplyingforone. (StapleHere) 2in.X2in. Headshot (StapleHere) #12;Page 2 of 14 APPLICATION CHECKLIST Please check that all 2x2 headshot photo (attached to page 1). __ Personal Statement **I have read and understood

  10. Electromagnetic attachment mechanism

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Monford, Leo G., Jr. (inventor)

    1992-01-01

    An electromagnetic attachment mechanism is disclosed for use as an end effector of a remote manipulator system. A pair of electromagnets, each with a U-shaped magnetic core with a pull-in coil and two holding coils, are mounted by a spring suspension system on a base plate of the mechanism housing with end pole pieces adapted to move through openings in the base plate when the attractive force of the electromagnets is exerted on a strike plate of a grapple fixture affixed to a target object. The pole pieces are spaced by an air gap from the strike plate when the mechanism first contacts the grapple fixture. An individual control circuit and power source is provided for the pull-in coil and one holding coil of each electromagnet. A back-up control circuit connected to the two power sources and a third power source is provided for the remaining holding coils. When energized, the pull-in coils overcome the suspension system and air gap and are automatically de-energized when the pole pieces move to grapple and impose a preload force across the grapple interface. A battery backup is a redundant power source for each electromagnet in each individual control circuit and is automatically connected upon failure of the primary source. A centerline mounted camera and video monitor are used in cooperation with a target pattern on the reflective surface of the strike plate to effect targeting and alignment.

  11. Plan Showing Cross Bracing Under Upper Stringers, Typical Section Showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Plan Showing Cross Bracing Under Upper Stringers, Typical Section Showing End Framing, Plan Showing Cross Bracing Under Lower Stringers, End Elevation - Covered Bridge, Spanning Contoocook River, Hopkinton, Merrimack County, NH

  12. Adult attachment and declining birthrates.

    PubMed

    Draper, Thomas W; Holman, Thomas B; White, Whitney; Grandy, Shannon

    2007-02-01

    Attachment scores for 658 young adults living in the U.S.A. were obtained using the Experiences in Close Relationships scale. The participants came from a subsample of the RELATE data set, who had also filled out the adult attachment measure. Those young adults living in Utah County, Utah, an area of the country with a higher than normal birthrate (88% members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), also had higher than average adult attachment scores. While the methodology was not sufficient to assess causal direction nor eliminate the possibility of unidentified influences, an undiscussed psychological factor, adult attachment, may play a role in the numerical declines observed among nonimmigrant communities in the USA and Europe. PMID:17450996

  13. Electron attachment to fluorocarbon radicals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shuman, Nicholas

    2014-10-01

    Most plasma environments contain populations of short-lived species such as radicals, the chemistry of which can have significant effects on the overall chemistry of the system. However, few experimental measurements of the kinetics of electron attachment to radicals exist due to the inherent difficulties of working with transient species. Calculations from first principles have been attempted, but are arduous and, because electron attachment is so sensitive to the specifics of the potential surface, their accuracy has not been established. Electron attachment to small fluorocarbon radicals is particularly important, as the data are needed for predictive modeling of plasma etching of semiconductor materials, a key process in the industrial fabrication of microelectronics. We have recently developed a novel flowing afterglow technique to measure several types of otherwise difficult to study plasma processes, including thermal electron attachment to radicals. Variable Electron and Neutral Density Attachment Mass Spectrometry (VENDAMS) exploits dissociative electron attachment in a weakly ionized plasma as a radical source. Here, we apply VENDAMS to a series of halofluorocarbon precursors in order to measure the kinetics of thermal electron attachment to fluorocarbon radicals. Results are presented for CF2, CF3, C2F5,C2F3,1-C3F7, 2-C3F7, and C3F5 from 300 K to 900 K. Both the magnitude and the temperature dependences of rate coefficients as well as product branching between associative and dissociative attachment are highly system specific; however, thermal attachment to all species is inefficient, never exceeding 5% of the collision rate. The data are analyzed using a recently developed kinetic modeling approach, which uses extended Vogt-Wannier theory as a starting point, accounts for dynamic effects such as coupling between the electron and nuclear motions through empirically validated functional forms, and finally uses statistical theory to determine the fate of the highly excited anion intermediate formed during attachment. The kinetic modeling, along with complimentary data from electron beam measurements, is used to extrapolate the electron attachment rate coefficients to temperature and pressure regimes inaccessible to the experiment, including to non-thermal plasma conditions most relevant to plasma etching.

  14. NEUROENDOCRINE PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL ATTACHMENT AND LOVE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Sue Carter

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review existing behavioral and neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and love. Both love and social attachments function to facilitate reproduction, provide a sense of safety, and reduce anxiety or stress. Because social attachment is an essential component of love, understanding attachment formation is an important step toward identifying the neurobiological substrates of love.

  15. Attachment Insecurity and Infidelity in Marriage: Do Studies of Dating Relationships Really Inform Us about Marriage?

    PubMed Central

    Russell, V. Michelle; Baker, Levi R.; McNulty, James K.

    2013-01-01

    Attachment theory provides a useful framework for predicting marital infidelity. However, most research has examined the association between attachment and infidelity in unmarried individuals, and we are aware of no research that has examined the role of partner attachment in predicting infidelity. In contrast to research showing that attachment anxiety is unrelated to infidelity among dating couples, 2 longitudinal studies of 207 newlywed marriages demonstrated that own and partner attachment anxiety interacted to predict marital infidelity, such that spouses were more likely to perpetrate infidelity when either they or their partner was high (vs. low) in attachment anxiety. Further, and also in contrast to research on dating couples, own attachment avoidance was unrelated to infidelity whereas partner attachment avoidance was negatively associated with infidelity indicating that spouses were less likely to perpetrate infidelity when their partner was high (vs. low) in attachment avoidance. These effects emerged controlling for marital satisfaction, sexual frequency, and personality, did not differ across husbands and wives, and did not differ across the two studies, with the exception that the negative association between partner attachment avoidance and own infidelity only emerged in one of the two studies. These findings offer a more complete understanding of the implications of attachment insecurity for marital infidelity and suggest that studies of unmarried individuals may not provide complete insights into the implications of various psychological traits and processes for marriage. PMID:23544923

  16. Attachment insecurity and infidelity in marriage: do studies of dating relationships really inform us about marriage?

    PubMed

    Russell, V Michelle; Baker, Levi R; McNulty, James K

    2013-04-01

    Attachment theory provides a useful framework for predicting marital infidelity. However, most research has examined the association between attachment and infidelity in unmarried individuals, and we are aware of no research that has examined the role of partner attachment in predicting infidelity. In contrast to research showing that attachment anxiety is unrelated to infidelity among dating couples, 2 longitudinal studies of 207 newlywed marriages demonstrated that own and partner attachment anxiety interacted to predict marital infidelity, such that spouses were more likely to perpetrate infidelity when either they or their partner was high (vs. low) in attachment anxiety. Further, and also in contrast to research on dating couples, own attachment avoidance was unrelated to infidelity, whereas partner attachment avoidance was negatively associated with infidelity, indicating that spouses were less likely to perpetrate infidelity when their partner was high (vs. low) in attachment avoidance. These effects emerged controlling for marital satisfaction, sexual frequency, and personality; did not differ across husbands and wives; and did not differ across the two studies, with the exception that the negative association between partner attachment avoidance and own infidelity only emerged in 1 of the 2 studies. These findings offer a more complete understanding of the implications of attachment insecurity for marital infidelity and suggest that studies of unmarried individuals may not provide complete insights into the implications of various psychological traits and processes for marriage. PMID:23544923

  17. Roanoke Area Junior Livestock Show

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    & Computations Tom Stanley, Chairman Tyler Painter Beth Hawse Katherine Carter Ribbons & Record Keeping Carolyn Supper at Arena 6:00 PM Hog Show: Showmanship, Market Hog Show and Breeding Gilt Show 7:00 pm Check

  18. Nanotube attachment for prevention of interfacial delamination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mukhopadhyay, Sharmila M.; Karumuri, Anil K.

    2010-09-01

    A new approach to suppressing interfacial delamination in composites has been investigated. It involves growing strongly attached nanotubes on the surface of the core phase prior to matrix infiltration. Unusually durable interfaces between epoxy and graphite have been demonstrated using this technique. Two types of graphitic core materials have been studied: complex cellular foams having open-interconnected porosity and highly oriented pyrolitic graphite (HOPG) providing a model flat interface. When untreated foam is infiltrated with epoxy, the resulting composite is brittle, and shatters before 10% compression. However, when carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are grown on the foam prior to epoxy infiltration, the specimen becomes pliable, and visibly flattens out rather than fracturing. Model studies on a flat graphite-epoxy interface were performed by joining two HOPG specimens with a thin layer of epoxy, and testing the flexural response of the 'seam' using the three-point bend test. The untreated HOPG sandwich fails easily, whereas nanotube-attached HOPG sandwich shows an over three times increase in flexural load-carrying capacity, close to that of seamless monolithic graphite having identical dimensions. Microscopic evaluations of fractured interfaces indicate that, in all geometries, CNT grafting prevents delamination at the graphite-epoxy interface, and forces any crack(s) to propagate through the graphitic phase. This added inter-laminar strength and toughness can be related to the hierarchical morphology of the interface created by CNT attachment, and unprecedented composite structures can be envisioned.

  19. Do brain lesions in stroke affect basic emotions and attachment?

    PubMed

    Farinelli, Marina; Panksepp, Jaak; Gestieri, Laura; Maffei, Monica; Agati, Raffaele; Cevolani, Daniela; Pedone, Vincenzo; Northoff, Georg

    2015-08-01

    The aim of the current study was to investigate basic emotions and attachment in a sample of 86 stroke patients. We included a control group of 115 orthopedic patients (matched for age and cognitive status) without brain lesions to control for unspecific general illness effects of a traumatic recent event on basic emotions and attachment. In order to measure basic emotions and attachment style we applied the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scale (ANPS) and the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ). The stroke patients showed significantly different scores in the SEEKING, SADNESS, and ANGER subscales of the ANPS as well as in the Relationship as Secondary Attachment dimension of the ASQ when compared to the control group. These differences show a pattern influenced by lesion location mainly as concerns basic emotions. Anterior, medial, left, and subcortical patients provide scores significantly lower in ANPS-SEEKING than the control group; ANPS-SADNESS scores in anterior, right, medial, and subcortical patients were significantly higher than those of the control group. ANPS-ANGER scores in posterior, right, and lateral patients were significantly higher than those in the control group; finally, the ANPS-FEAR showed slightly lower scores in posterior patients than in the control group. Minor effects on brain lesions were also individuated in the attachment style. Anterior lesion patients showed a significantly higher average score in the ASQ-Need for Approval subscale than the control group. ASQ-Confidence subscale scores differed significantly in stroke patients with lesions in medial brain regions when compared to control subjects. Scores at ANPS and ASQ subscales appear significantly more correlated in stroke patients than in the control group. Such finding of abnormalities, especially concerning basic emotions in stroke brain-lesioned patients, indicates that the effect of brain lesions may enhance the interrelation between basic emotions and attachment with respect to the control group. PMID:25630825

  20. Mothers who are securely attached in pregnancy show more attuned infant mirroring 7 months postpartum

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This study contrasted two forms of mother–infant mirroring: the mother's imitation of the infant's facial, gestural, or vocal behavior (i.e., "direct mirroring") and the mother's ostensive verbalization of the infant's internal state, marked as distinct from the infant's own experience (i.e., "inten...

  1. 6. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM, SHOWING SEEPAGE CONTROL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. VIEW SHOWING DOWNSTREAM FACE OF DAM, SHOWING SEEPAGE CONTROL REINFORCEMENT, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - High Mountain Dams in Upalco Unit, East Timothy Lake Dam, Ashley National Forest, 8.4 miles North of Swift Creek Campground, Mountain Home, Duchesne County, UT

  2. 10. INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING MOUNTINGS FROM TUNING DEVICE. VIEW SHOWS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING MOUNTINGS FROM TUNING DEVICE. VIEW SHOWS COPPER SHEETING ON WALLS. - Chollas Heights Naval Radio Transmitting Facility, Helix House, 6410 Zero Road, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

  3. The Maths File Game Show

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-12-12

    The British Broadcasting Corporation offers this great collection of fun, educational games that help children learn basic concepts of mathematics. Twelve interactive games are available in all, illustrating principles of data handling, numbers, algebra, and measurement. Children can practice interpreting Cartesian coordinates by guiding a space ship across a grid, or compete with an animated character in a test of fractions and percentages. In addition to the online games, several other activities are presented in one-page documents for easy printing.

  4. Permanent Wind Gauge Showing Plate 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Velocity USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers v Vertical velocity WG Wave Gauge z Depth Below Water Line (negative value) ? Alpha ? Wave Radial Frequency ? Fluid Density ? Gamma – Peak Enhancement Factor viii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT... 10-reg 3.0 1.0 0 11 EXPERIMENT SET UP Test Facility The Haynes Coastal Engineering Laboratory in the Ocean Engineering Program of the Zachry Department of Civil Engineering at Texas A&M University houses a shallow water wave basin...

  5. Attachment and motivational strategies in adolescence: exploring links.

    PubMed

    Soares, Isabel; Lemos, Marina S; Almeida, Cristina

    2005-01-01

    Within the framework of attachment theory and of motivation goal theory, this study explored the relation between quality of attachment strategies and quality of motivational strategies in a sample of young adolescents. Specifically, this study examined patterns of thoughts, behaviors, and emotions as they related to representations of attachment and motivational functioning in situations that challenge or threaten three psychological needs (emotional security, competence, and autonomy). Forty-four students, aged 11 to 14 years, responded to imagined stressful situations in order to: (a) assess attachment strategies; (b) identify and assess students' motivational strategies in stressful classroom circumstances; (c) assess motivational strategies of students with high and low control and agency beliefs; and (d) examine the relations between attachment and motivational strategies. Four distinct action patterns were identified: flexible action, rigid action, passive behavior, and disorganized behavior. Significant relations were found between control beliefs and motivational strategies, as well as a trend toward relations between attachment and motivational strategies, suggesting that secure adolescents show more constructive motivational strategies and less disorganized strategies when compared to insecure adolescents. PMID:15861622

  6. Telephoto attachments for telecentric lenses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiner, David

    1995-08-01

    Many imaging applications, such as machine vision, parts inspection, and gauging, make us of telecentric lens configurations to improve measurement accuracy and reduce alignment sensitivity. CCD cameras are frequently chosen to record the final image. Although lenses can be designed to work as standalone telecentric devices, it is sometimes desireable to use a modular approach, in which a telecentric `attachment' is mated to a primary or `base' lens. This allows one to vary the object field coverage by changing attachment lenses, keeping the same primary lens. A simple attachment could consist of an achromat mounted one focal length away from the entrance pupil of the primary lens. Such arrangements can become lengthy for large fields and magnifications. Stock achromats may not meet size requirements, nor provide optimum image quality. A more complex arrangement that reduces the lens length and improves imaging can be obtained by using a telephoto lens (front-vertex-to-image/efl < 1.0) as an attachment. This paper will outline the development of a modular telecentric system and a first-order method for evaluating the suitability of lenses for use as telecentric attachments.

  7. Exploring the Associations between Adult Attachment Security and Self-actualization and Self-transcendence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorna J. Otway; Katherine B. Carnelley

    2012-01-01

    There are parallels between attachment needs (Bowlby, 1969\\/1982) and the love- and esteem-needs Maslow (1943) identified in his theory of self-actualization, which later included the other-oriented concept of self-transcendence (Koltko-Rivera, 2006). Our aim was to integrate these two theories of personality. A survey of undergraduates (N = 130) showed that attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety predicted low levels of self-actualization and actualization

  8. Enhanced electron attachment to vibrationally and electronically excited molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tav, Cumali

    Electron attachment studies on vibrationally and electronically excited states have been measured. The attachment of electrons to vibrationally excited states of the ground electronic state populated via temperature increase was measured in the mean electron energy range, (?), 0.04 to 4.8 eV, over the temperature range, T, 300 to 700 K and over the total gas number density, Nt, 2.25 to 15.5 × 1019 molecules/cm3. These studies are presented in Part 1 for three technologically important molecules: Methylene Chloride (C2H2Cl2), Boron Trichloride (BCl3), and Trichlorotrifluoroethane (1,1,2-C 2Cl3F3). Electron attachment rate constants, k a((?),T), was measured as a function of mean electron energy in Ar and N2 gases at different temperatures. Using swarm unfolding technique, electron attachment cross sections, ?a(?,T), was measured as a function of electron energy by unfolding ka((?),T) at each temperature. The results of these measurements show that the dissociative electron attachment cross sections increase with the increase of vibrational energies. In the studies an electronically-excited states, the attaching electrons and the excited states of molecules were produced with a single excimer-laser pulse. The excitation of molecules to energies above the ionization potential (IP) caused the population of core-excited Rydberg states (HR). The electrons produced via photoionization were attached to the concomitantly produced highly-excited molecules leading to negative ion formation under the high-pressure environment provided by Ar or N2 gases. In these experiments two different experimental techniques were used: two- electrode arrangement and three-electrode arrangement. The two-electrode arrangement techniques provided information on the lifetimes of the excited molecules as well as estimates of various experimental parameters including the electron attachment rate constant of excited molecules. The other technique, the three- electrode arrangement, provided information about the density of charged species including electrons and negative ions and the estimation of electron attachment rate constant. These results are presented in Part II for three molecules: Benzene (C6H 6), Oxygen (O2), and Dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl2,F2). It was shown that the electron attachment to highly-excited molecules was extremely efficient process leading to enormous electron attachment cross sections, ?a, ~ 10-10 cm2, which were many orders of magnitude larger compared to the cross sections for corresponding ground electronic states.

  9. Asia: Showing the Changing Seasons

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jesse Allen

    1998-09-09

    SeaWiFS false color data showing seasonal change in the oceans and on land for Asia. The data is seasonally averaged, and shows the sequence: fall, winter, spring, summer, fall, winter, spring (for the Northern Hemisphere).

  10. It takes two to talk: longitudinal associations among infant-mother attachment, maternal attachment representations, and mother-child emotion dialogues.

    PubMed

    Hsiao, Celia; Koren-Karie, Nina; Bailey, Heidi; Moran, Greg

    2015-01-01

    Research on the attachment-dialogue link has largely focused on infant-mother attachment. This study investigated longitudinal associations between infant-mother attachment and maternal attachment representations and subsequent mother-child emotion dialogues (N = 50). Maternal attachment representations were assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview when children were 3 months, infant-mother attachment was assessed using the Strange Situation Procedure at 13 months, and mother-child emotion dialogues were assessed using the Autobiographical Emotional Events Dialogue at 3.5 years. Consistent with past research, the three organized categories of infant-mother attachment relationships were associated with later mother-child emotion dialogues. Disorganized attachment relationships were associated with a lack of consistent and coherent strategy during emotion dialogues. Autonomous mothers co-constructed coherent narratives with their children; Dismissing and Preoccupied mothers created stories that were less narratively organized. Although the Unresolved category was unrelated to classifications of types of mother-child discourse, mothers' quality of contribution to the dialogues was marginally lower compared to the quality of their children's contributions to the emotion discussion. Secure children showed highest levels of child cooperation and exploration. Autonomous mothers displayed highest levels of maternal sensitive guidance during emotion dialogues. We provide preliminary evidence for role reversal in dialogues between Preoccupied and Unresolved mothers and their children. PMID:25482104

  11. Partner attachment and interpersonal characteristics.

    PubMed

    Kilmann, Peter R; Finch, Holmes; Parnell, Michele M; Downer, Jason T

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated partner attachment and interpersonal characteristics in 134 nonclinical couples in long-term marriages. Irrespective of gender, spouses with greater anxiety over abandonment or discomfort with closeness endorsed dysfunctional relationship beliefs to a greater extent. On the anxiety over abandonment dimension, husbands with higher scores were rated less aggressive, less controlling, and more rebellious, whereas wives with higher scores were rated more dependent, more self-critical, and less competitive. Husbands higher on discomfort with closeness were rated less cooperative and responsible and were rated more aggressive and rebellious. Matched secure couples reported lower marital dissatisfaction than matched insecure or mismatched couples. Future research should contrast samples of nonclinical and clinical couples by marital duration to identify specific partner behaviors that are likely to foster marital dissatisfaction within particular attachment pairings. The authors' findings suggest the importance of marital therapists being attuned to the attachment-related beliefs and interpersonal styles uniquely operating within each couple. PMID:23252639

  12. Attachment styles in children affected by migraine without aura

    PubMed Central

    Esposito, Maria; Parisi, Lucia; Gallai, Beatrice; Marotta, Rosa; Di Dona, Anna; Lavano, Serena Marianna; Roccella, Michele; Carotenuto, Marco

    2013-01-01

    Background In recent years, great attention has been given to the presence of psychological problems and psychiatric comorbidity that are also present in children affected by primary headaches. The relationship between pain and attachment has been identified, and it may be that pain perception may change in relation with specific attachment styles. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalent attachment style and verify its putative relationship and correlation with the main characteristics of migraine attacks, in school-aged children affected by migraine without aura (MoA). Materials and methods The study population consisted of 219 children (103 males, 116 females) aged between 6 and 11 years (mean 8.96 ± 2.14 years), consecutively referred for MoA compared with 381 healthy controls (174 males, 207 females; mean age 9.01 ± 1.75 years) randomly selected from schools. All the children were classified according to the attachment typologies of the Italian modified version of the Separation Anxiety Test; monthly headache frequency and mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children. Headache intensity was assessed on a visual analog scale. The chi-square test and t-test, where appropriate, were applied, and the Spearman rank correlation test was applied to explore the relationship between the types of attachment style and clinical aspects of MoA. Results The MoA group showed a significantly higher prevalence of type A (avoidant) attachment (P<0.001) and a significantly lower prevalence of type B (secure) attachment (P<0.001) compared with the control group. Moreover, the Spearman rank correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between MoA characteristics and the attachment style of MoA children. Conclusion The main findings of the present study were the higher prevalence among MoA children of the avoidant attachment style (type A) and the significantly lower prevalence of the secure style attachment (type B) compared with the normal controls, suggesting that the study of psychiatric comorbidity in pediatric headache may be enriched by this new aspect of analysis. PMID:24124370

  13. Attachment-security priming attenuates amygdala activation to social and linguistic threat.

    PubMed

    Norman, Luke; Lawrence, Natalia; Iles, Andrew; Benattayallah, Abdelmalek; Karl, Anke

    2015-06-01

    A predominant expectation that social relationships with others are safe (a secure attachment style), has been linked with reduced threat-related amygdala activation. Experimental priming of mental representations of attachment security can modulate neural responding, but the effects of attachment-security priming on threat-related amygdala activation remains untested. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, the present study examined the effects of trait and primed attachment security on amygdala reactivity to threatening stimuli in an emotional faces and a linguistic dot-probe task in 42 healthy participants. Trait attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance were positively correlated with amygdala activation to threatening faces in the control group, but not in the attachment primed group. Furthermore, participants who received attachment-security priming showed attenuated amygdala activation in both the emotional faces and dot-probe tasks. The current findings demonstrate that variation in state and trait attachment security modulates amygdala reactivity to threat. These findings support the potential use of attachment security-boosting methods as interventions and suggest a neural mechanism for the protective effect of social bonds in anxiety disorders. PMID:25326039

  14. 1. Show the synthesis of prontosil. Show the starting

    E-print Network

    Gates, Kent. S.

    how the three analogs shown below can be prepared. Draw an arrow-pushing mechanism for each step is not active in an in vitro assay, but shows good activity in animal models and human patients. Explain: what

  15. Attachment, Loss, and Depression.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reite, Martin; And Others

    1981-01-01

    The influence of 10 days of maternal separation on behavior and physiology was studied in monkey infants. Individual variability in behavioral and physiological response was marked and showed only minimal correlation with measures of early behavioral development and early mother-infant interaction. Implications for understanding pathophysiology of…

  16. Attachment classification, psychophysiology and frontal EEG asymmetry across the lifespan: a review.

    PubMed

    Gander, Manuela; Buchheim, Anna

    2015-01-01

    In recent years research on physiological response and frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry in different patterns of infant and adult attachment has increased. We review research findings regarding associations between attachment classifications and frontal EEG asymmetry, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA). Studies indicate that insecure attachment is related to a heightened adrenocortical activity, heart rate and skin conductance in response to stress, which is consistent with the hypothesis that attachment insecurity leads to impaired emotion regulation. Research on frontal EEG asymmetry also shows a clear difference in the emotional arousal between the attachment groups evidenced by specific frontal asymmetry changes. Furthermore, we discuss neurophysiological evidence of attachment organization and present up-to-date findings of EEG-research with adults. Based on the overall patterns of results presented in this article we identify some major areas of interest and directions for future research. PMID:25745393

  17. Taking stock of two decades of attachment transmission gap: broadening the assessment of maternal behavior.

    PubMed

    Bernier, Annie; Matte-Gagné, Célia; Bélanger, Marie-Ève; Whipple, Natasha

    2014-01-01

    This report aimed to investigate the capacity of maternal behaviors tailored to children's attachment and exploration systems to jointly explain the well-known mother-child transmission of attachment. Four home visits were conducted between ages 7 months and 2 years with 130 mother-child dyads to assess maternal attachment state of mind, sensitivity, autonomy support, and mother-child attachment security. Results showed that together, maternal sensitivity and autonomy support fully accounted for the relation between maternal and child attachment, that they each accounted for a unique portion of this relation, and that the magnitude of these mediated pathways was equivalent. These results suggest that the attachment transmission gap can be narrowed by the use of a theory-driven multidimensional approach to maternal behavior. PMID:24611791

  18. Attachment classification, psychophysiology and frontal EEG asymmetry across the lifespan: a review

    PubMed Central

    Gander, Manuela; Buchheim, Anna

    2015-01-01

    In recent years research on physiological response and frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry in different patterns of infant and adult attachment has increased. We review research findings regarding associations between attachment classifications and frontal EEG asymmetry, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA). Studies indicate that insecure attachment is related to a heightened adrenocortical activity, heart rate and skin conductance in response to stress, which is consistent with the hypothesis that attachment insecurity leads to impaired emotion regulation. Research on frontal EEG asymmetry also shows a clear difference in the emotional arousal between the attachment groups evidenced by specific frontal asymmetry changes. Furthermore, we discuss neurophysiological evidence of attachment organization and present up-to-date findings of EEG-research with adults. Based on the overall patterns of results presented in this article we identify some major areas of interest and directions for future research. PMID:25745393

  19. Adult attachment processes: individual and couple perspectives.

    PubMed

    Bartholomew, K

    1997-09-01

    This paper overviews a new approach to understanding the range of difficulties experienced in close attachment relationships in adulthood. Drawing on the work of Bowlby, four prototypic adult attachment patterns are defined in terms of the intersection of two underlying dimensions, the positivity of the person's self-image and the positivity of the person's image of others (Bartholomew, 1990; Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991). The distinct interpersonal difficulties associated with each attachment pattern are described. Findings are presented indicating that individual differences in attachment have implications for the quality of adults' romantic relationships, and that attachment theory may be helpful in understanding violent spousal relationships. Five current issues in the study of adult attachment are addressed: the stability of attachment patterns, the associations between attachment and general personality factors, the relative merits of categorical and prototype assessments of attachment, the identification of multiple attachments in adulthood, and the specificity of adult attachment patterns. It is suggested that the four-category model of adult attachment is especially sensitive to the range and complexity of attachment-related difficulties experienced in adulthood. PMID:9376331

  20. Sexual compulsion – Relationship with sex, attachment and sexual orientation

    PubMed Central

    KATZ, LICHEN; EBERHARDT, HILA; COHEN, KOBY; LEJOYEUX, MICHEL

    2015-01-01

    Background and aims Sexual addiction, also known as hypersexual disorder, is associated with serious psychosocial problems for many people. Methods This study used questionnaires to investigate the effects of gender, sexual orientation and attachment (avoidance and anxiety) on sexual compulsion among 100 heterosexual and homosexual men and women. Results A positive correlation was found between anxious attachment and sexual compulsivity (r = 0.46; p < 0.01) and a positive correlation between avoidant attachment and sexual compulsivity (r = 0.39; p ? 0.01) in all participants. Secondly, an analysis of covariance showed a gender by sexual orientation interaction effect [F(1, 103) = 6.39, p < 0.01] but no attachment effect on sexual compulsivity. A follow-up comparison showed that lesbian women had higher rates of sexual compulsivity than heterosexual women [t (2, 50) = 5.08, p < 0.001] whereas there was non-significant difference in sexual compulsivity between homosexual and heterosexual men [t (2, 50) = 1.30, p = N.S.]. Discussion The results provide preliminary evidence for an association between attachment and sexual compulsivity and the effects of gender and sexual orientation on sexual compulsivity. PMID:25786496

  1. Planning a Successful Tech Show

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nikirk, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Tech shows are a great way to introduce prospective students, parents, and local business and industry to a technology and engineering or career and technical education program. In addition to showcasing instructional programs, a tech show allows students to demonstrate their professionalism and skills, practice public presentations, and interact…

  2. 22 November 2011 ATTACHMENT C

    E-print Network

    Chen, Keh-Hsun

    1 22 November 2011 ATTACHMENT C Department of Defense (DoD) Information Assurance Scholarship defense that a formal DoD IASP was established by the National Defense Authorization Act for 2001 (Public for identifying the appropriate P.I. for the IASP on your campus. Fill out and sign the required SCHOLARSHIP

  3. Partner Buffering of Attachment Insecurity

    PubMed Central

    Simpson, Jeffry A.; Overall, Nickola C.

    2014-01-01

    Insecurely attached people have less happy, unstable romantic relationships, but the quality of their relationships should depend on how their partners regulate them. Some partners find ways to buffer (emotionally and behaviorally regulate) insecurely attached individuals, which makes them feel better, behave more constructively, and improves their relationships. Understanding when and how this important interpersonal process works requires a dyad-centered approach. In this article, we describe core tenets of attachment theory and the two forms of attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance). We then present the Dyadic Regulation Model of Insecurity Buffering, which explains how and why certain types of buffering behaviors soothe the worries and improve the relationship perceptions and behaviors of anxious or avoidant people. We next review studies of couples trying to resolve major conflicts that illustrate some ways in which partners can successfully buffer the insecure reactions of anxious and avoidant individuals. We conclude by discussing other traits and social contexts to which our model can be applied. PMID:25214722

  4. Partner Attachment and Interpersonal Characteristics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter R. Kilmann; Holmes Finch; Michele M. Parnell; Jason T. Downer

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated partner attachment and interpersonal characteristics in 134 non-clinical couples in long-term marriages. Irrespective of gender, spouses with greater “anxiety over abandonment” or “discomfort with closeness” endorsed dysfunctional relationship beliefs to a greater extent. On the “anxiety over abandonment” dimension, husbands with higher scores were rated less aggressive, less controlling, and more rebellious, while wives with higher scores

  5. Introduction to aircraft lightning attachment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Larsson

    2008-01-01

    The article consists of a Powerpoint presentation on aircraft lightning attachment. The areas discussed include: in-flight statistics; commercial airliner; standard lightning current; aircraft surface; zoning tool; continuous sweeping; lightning channel properties; swept stroke simulation tool; Falcon 2000 aircraft etc. listing some of the slide titles.

  6. Development of office paper attachment methodologies

    E-print Network

    Slowik, Jonathan (Jonathan Steven)

    2006-01-01

    A design project was carried out which began with the study and critique of office paper attachment systems, such as paperclips and staples. A set of criteria for an ideal system of attachment was then developed. This led ...

  7. Attachment and Adolescent Adjustment to Parental Remarriage.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Steven F.

    1991-01-01

    Presents a review of attachment theory as it relates to adolescents, and suggests connections between attachment, developmental changes, and adjustment of adolescents in stepfamilies. Includes several propositions for further research. (LLL)

  8. 78 FR 52868 - Pole Attachment Complaint Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-27

    ...CFR Part 1 [CS Docket No. 97-151; FCC 98-20] Pole Attachment Complaint Procedures AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission...requirements in the sections of regulations concerning pole attachments outlined in the DATES section. DATES: Effective...

  9. Attachment and memory for negative emotional events 

    E-print Network

    Wilson, Carol Leigh

    2002-01-01

    This research study examined the relationship between romantic attachment orientation and memory (explicit and implicit) for a negative, emotional film clip depicting attachment-relevant interactions. Two defensive information-processing strategies...

  10. Attachment and Distress Following Marital Separation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Prudence; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Refines the concept of attachment by distinguishing it from generalized distressed responses to divorce. Among separated adults, characteristics of the marital situation account for feelings of loss of attachment but do not contribute to the explanation of generalized distress. (Author)

  11. Fiber attachment for guided wave devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EDMOND J. MURPHY

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the status of fiber attachment to guided wave devices. Current methods for achieving low fiber-waveguide-fiber insertion loss are discussed and techniques for aligning and permanently attaching fibers are described

  12. Diarrheal Disease in Show Swine

    E-print Network

    Lawhorn, D. Bruce

    2007-02-27

    Diarrhea, an important problem in show pigs, can be caused by poor nutrition, infectious diseases, internal parasites or a combination of factors. This publication explains how the cause is diagnosed and the illness treated....

  13. Beyond the commodity metaphor: Examining emotional and symbolic attachment to place

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel R. Williams; Michael E. Patterson; Joseph W. Roggenbuck; Alan E. Watson

    1992-01-01

    In contrast to the dominant multiattribute commodity view of outdoor recreation settings, wilderness users are described as having emotional and symbolic ties to the setting that are manifested as attachment to the site and the wilderness concept. Data from four wilderness areas show stronger place and wilderness attachment to be associated with previous visits, rural residence, a setting (as opposed

  14. Adolescents' Attachment Orientation Influences Ambulatory Blood Pressure Responses to Everyday Social Interactions

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Adolescents' Attachment Orientation Influences Ambulatory Blood Pressure Responses to Everyday of ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate (AmBP and AmHR) monitoring while they tracked social experiences higher in anxious attachment showed augmented ambulatory diastolic and systolic blood pressure (AmDBP, Am

  15. Dissociative Experiences and Anger Proneness in Late Adolescent Females with Different Attachment Styles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calamari, Elena; Pini, Mauro

    2003-01-01

    Study investigated the relationships between dissociative experiences, anger proneness, and attachment styles in a nonclinical sample of late adolescent females. Found a connection between anger proneness and dissociation. Insecurely attached females showed more anger proneness. Results confirm the importance of psychological intervention for…

  16. Bullying and Victimization in Early Adolescence: Associations with Attachment Style and Perceived Parenting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kokkinos, Constantinos M.

    2013-01-01

    The current study examined the relationship between self-reported bullying, victimization, attachment styles and parenting in a nonclinical sample of 601 Greek preadolescents. Results showed that both bullying and victimization were related to perceived parenting (positively with rejection and negatively with emotional warmth). Insecurely attached…

  17. Continuing Bonds, Attachment Style, and Adjustment in the Conjugal Bereavement among Hong Kong Chinese

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Chan, Ide S. F.; Ma, Ernie P. W.; Field, Nigel P.

    2013-01-01

    The present study examined the effects of attachment style and continuing bonds, defined as the extent to which a bereaved individual feels that the deceased remains a part of his/her life, on post bereavement adjustment among 71 conjugally bereaved individuals. It was shown that bereaved individuals with an anxious attachment style tended to show…

  18. Principal Investigator: SECTION B. REQUIRED SUBCONTRACT ATTACHMENTS

    E-print Network

    Acton, Scott

    Principal Investigator: Sponsor: SECTION B. REQUIRED SUBCONTRACT ATTACHMENTS Distinct statement involves human subjects. If Yes, attach their current IRB approval Subcontractor's work involves animals. If Yes, attach their current IACUC approval. If at a foreign site, follow UVA ACUC guidance (434

  19. 49 CFR 179.100-16 - Attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Attachments. 179.100-16 Section 179.100-16...114 and 120) § 179.100-16 Attachments. (a) Reinforcing pads must be...between external brackets and shells if the attachment welds exceed 6 linear inches of...

  20. 49 CFR 179.100-16 - Attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Attachments. 179.100-16 Section 179.100-16...114 and 120) § 179.100-16 Attachments. (a) Reinforcing pads must be...between external brackets and shells if the attachment welds exceed 6 linear inches of...

  1. Attachment in Deaf Mothers and Their Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leigh, Irene W.; Brice, Patrick J.; Meadow-Orlans, Kathryn

    2004-01-01

    In attachment research, there has been a growing interest in how adults conceptualize their relationships with their own parents as well as in the transmission of attachment status from parent to child and the variables that influence that transmission. The primary goal of the present study was to examine the transmission of attachment from deaf…

  2. Adolescents' Attachment and Coping with Stress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Michelle S.; Medway, Frederic J.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined how high school students cope with stress as a function of their attachment style. Data were gathered from 75 adolescent-parent pairs in Texas and included measures of attachment, coping style, life stress, and whom the respondent would turn to in times of stress. Adolescents' attachment security was positively related to…

  3. Adult attachment style and vulnerability to depression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara Murphy; Glen W. Bates

    1997-01-01

    The present study examined the role of adult attachment styles in differentiating ‘depressed’ and ‘non-depressed’ college students, and the association between attachment styles and the depressive personality vulnerabilities, sociotropy and autonomy. High scores on the fearful and, to a lesser extent, preoccupied attachment scales were associated with higher levels of depression, highlighting negative self-representation as a key factor in depression.

  4. The Attachment System in Fledgling Relationships: An Activating Role for Attachment Anxiety

    E-print Network

    Reber, Paul J.

    The Attachment System in Fledgling Relationships: An Activating Role for Attachment Anxiety Paul W. Eastwick and Eli J. Finkel Northwestern University Is it sensible to study attachment dynamics between potential romantic partners before they share a full-fledged attachment bond? The present data indicate

  5. Attachment Bonds and Ovulation 1 Running Head: ATTACHMENT BONDS AND OVULATION

    E-print Network

    Reber, Paul J.

    Attachment Bonds and Ovulation 1 Running Head: ATTACHMENT BONDS AND OVULATION The Evolutionary Armistice: Attachment Bonds Moderate the Function of Ovulatory Cycle Adaptations Paul W. Eastwick Texas A&M University Eli J. Finkel Northwestern University Word Count: 8,836 #12;Attachment Bonds and Ovulation 2

  6. 30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Load end attachments. 75.1435 Section 75.1435 ...Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  7. 30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Load end attachments. 77.1435 Section 77.1435 ...Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  8. 30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Load end attachments. 75.1435 Section 75.1435 ...Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  9. 30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Load end attachments. 56.19025 Section 56.19025...Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  10. 30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Load end attachments. 77.1435 Section 77.1435 ...Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  11. 30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Load end attachments. 56.19025 Section 56.19025...Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  12. 30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Load end attachments. 75.1435 Section 75.1435 ...Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  13. 30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Load end attachments. 57.19025 Section 57.19025...Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  14. 30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Load end attachments. 77.1435 Section 77.1435 ...Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  15. 30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Load end attachments. 57.19025 Section 57.19025...Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  16. 30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Load end attachments. 56.19025 Section 56.19025...Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer. (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  17. 30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Load end attachments. 57.19025 Section 57.19025...Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached...professional engineer (c) Load end attachment methods using splices are...

  18. Reactive attachment disorder—a theoretical model beyond attachment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Minnis; Helen Marwick; Julie Arthur; Alexis McLaughlin

    2006-01-01

    Despite its importance in public health, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is an under-researched and little used clinical\\u000a category. Abnormalities of social relatedness have long been documented in children who have been abused, neglected or institutionalised,\\u000a but there have been more recent efforts to define these behaviours within the psychiatric nosology. There has been an implicit\\u000a assumption that the central deficit

  19. Diarrheal Disease in Show Swine 

    E-print Network

    Lawhorn, D. Bruce

    2007-02-27

    of gain. Lawsonia intracellularis is the causative bacterium. Though it is rarely the cause of diarrheal disease in show swine, veterinarians consider this organism as a potential cause when making a differ- ential diagnosis. L. intracellularis does.... TGE does not cause human disease. Clinical Diagnosis The stool of the normal pig should be firm and well- formed. When a normal show pig is on free-choice feed and water, the stool tends to loosen to the consistency of a cow patty as feed consumption...

  20. BOSE-MESNER ALGEBRAS ATTACHED TO INVERTIBLE JONES PAIRS

    E-print Network

    Chan, Ada Sze Sze

    BOSE-MESNER ALGEBRAS ATTACHED TO INVERTIBLE JONES PAIRS ADA CHAN AND CHRIS GODSIL Abstract. In 1989, Vaughan Jones introduced spin models and showed that they could be used to form link invariants in two models are a special class of matrices introduced by Jones in [8] as a tool for creating link invariants

  1. Biobehavioral Organization in Securely and Insecurely Attached Infants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spangler, G.; Grossmann, K. E.

    1993-01-01

    A biobehavioral perspective may help settle disagreements about the validity and interpretation of infants' different behavioral patterns of attachment. A study of 41 infants demonstrated that insecure-avoidant infants, despite showing less overt distress after short separations from their mother than secure infants, exhibited arousal patterns as…

  2. Impact of attachment, temperament and parenting on human development

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jae Sun

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to present the basic concepts of attachment theory and temperament traits and to discuss the integration of these concepts into parenting practices. Attachment is a basic human need for a close and intimate relationship between infants and their caregivers. Responsive and contingent parenting produces securely attached children who show more curiosity, self-reliance, and independence. Securely attached children also tend to become more resilient and competent adults. In contrast, those who do not experience a secure attachment with their caregivers may have difficulty getting along with others and be unable to develop a sense of confidence or trust in others. Children who are slow to adjust or are shy or irritable are likely to experience conflict with their parents and are likely to receive less parental acceptance or encouragement, which can make the children feel inadequate or unworthy. However, the influence of children's temperament or other attributes may be mitigated if parents adjust their caregiving behaviors to better fit the needs of the particular child. Reflecting on these arguments and our childhood relationships with our own parents can help us develop the skills needed to provide effective guidance and nurturance. PMID:23300499

  3. Pembrolizumab Shows Promise for NSCLC.

    PubMed

    2015-06-01

    Data from the KEYNOTE-001 trial show that pembrolizumab improves clinical outcomes for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer, and is well tolerated. PD-L1 expression in at least 50% of tumor cells correlated with improved efficacy. PMID:25895920

  4. The OOPSLA trivia show (TOOTS)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeff Gray; Douglas C. Schmidt

    2009-01-01

    OOPSLA has a longstanding tradition of being a forum for discussing the cutting edge of technology in a fun and participatory environment. The type of events sponsored by OOPSLA sometimes border on the unconventional. This event represents an atypical panel that conforms to the concept of a game show that is focused on questions and answers related to OOPSLA themes.

  5. Managing Beef Cattle for Show

    E-print Network

    Herd, Dennis B.; Boleman, Chris; Boleman, Larry L.

    2001-11-16

    in show diets because of its rapid digestion and tendency to cause acido- sis (see the section on health). Oats are excellent for growth and development of steers or heifers. A mixture similar in nutrient content to oats can be formulated with a high...

  6. Anorexia and attachment: dysregulated defense and pathological mourning.

    PubMed

    Delvecchio, Elisa; Di Riso, Daniela; Salcuni, Silvia; Lis, Adriana; George, Carol

    2014-01-01

    The role of defensive exclusion (Deactivation and Segregated Systems) in the development of early relationships and related to subsequent manifestations of symptoms of eating disorders was assessed using the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP). Fifty-one DSM-IV diagnosed women with anorexia participated in the study. Anorexic patients were primarily classified as dismissing or unresolved. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of defensive exclusion were carried out. Results showed potential benefits of using the AAP defense exclusion coding system, in addition to the main attachment classifications, in order to better understand the developmental issues involved in anorexia. Discussion concerned the processes, such as pathological mourning, that may underlie the associations between dismissing and unresolved attachment and anorexia. Implications for developmental research and clinical nosology are discussed. PMID:25389412

  7. Prorelationship maintenance behaviors: the joint roles of attachment and commitment.

    PubMed

    Tran, Sisi; Simpson, Jeffry A

    2009-10-01

    The present research uses a behavioral observation methodology to examine emotional and behavioral reactions to threatening interpersonal situations in married couples. The research shows that although anxious attachment can hinder people's tendencies to react constructively to threatening events, greater relationship commitment may serve as a buffer against the negative effects associated with attachment insecurities, diminishing feelings of rejection, enhancing feelings of acceptance, and promoting more constructive accommodation behaviors. The research also reveals that wives' degree of relationship commitment has stronger effects on emotional outcomes for both partners than does husbands' degree of commitment. Moreover, husbands' and wives' emotional reactions affect their own accommodative behaviors as well as their spouses' behaviors. These dyadic findings are discussed in terms of attachment theory and interdependence theory. PMID:19785486

  8. Structural and Biophysical Characterization of a Cyclic Bioadhesive With Cell Attachment Ability

    PubMed Central

    Olivieri, Marion P.; Wollman, Robert M.; Hurley, Mary I.; Swartz, Michael F.

    2015-01-01

    Structural and cellular attachment analysis identified overall bent helical regions of adhesive peptides identified within mussel adhesive protein (MAP) capable of also attaching cells. DOPA (L-DOPA, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) is frequently identified and credited for the attachment ability of several marine proteins [Olivieri, MP, et al. (2002), Biofouling 18, 149–159]. Newly designed cyclic peptides (DOPA-G-G-C-G-K-A-K-G-C [cyc-DOPA] & Y-G-G-C-G-K-A-K-G-C [cyc-Y]) derived from structurally conserved regions of several MAP peptides were examined to assist in the understanding of both surface and cellular attachment. Solution-state proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy coupled with molecular modeling and dynamics revealed minimal differences in the structures of the proposed cellular attachment domain within these two peptides. Multiple attenuated internal reflection infrared (MAIR-IR) spectroscopy, ellipsometry and advancing contact angle analyses showed that formation of thin films by these peptides was L-DOPA and pH dependent. When compared to control surfaces, undifferentiated leukocyte cells (MOLT-4) significantly attached and spread onto films created from the cyc-DOPA. The culmination of these structural, biophysical and cellular attachment techniques reveal a conformation of cyc-DOPA that is capable of both adsorbing to surfaces and then attaching cells that spread. This work supports the sequence, K-A-K, as the cellular attachment domain, especially when held in a reliable structural conformation.,.

  9. A bio-inspired attachment mechanism for long-term adhesion to the small intestine.

    PubMed

    Xie, Wanchuan; Kothari, Vishal; Terry, Benjamin S

    2015-08-01

    To achieve long-term attachment of capsule endoscopes (CEs) and miniature biosensors in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract, a tissue attachment mechanism (TAM) was designed, optimized and tested for safety and adhesive capabilities on excised tissue in vitro and in vivo on a live pig model. Six TAMs were tested for their attachment strength in an in vitro attachment tensile experiment in which each TAM was tested on three different proximal intestine tissue samples. The maximum strength and average value are 8.09 N and 4.54 N respectively. The initial attachment damage was tested for 10 min using a sine wave pull force on the TAM with a 0.4 N peak value and 6 s period, which represents typical human intestinal traction force from peristalsis. The in vitro attachment tensile test verified that the tissue was not visually damaged nor perforated by the attachment process. In the in vivo experiment, four TAMs were placed in the intestine of a pig through individual longitudinal enterotomies. X-ray images were taken each hour after the surgery and showed zero migration of the TAMs after 24 h of adhesion. X-ray images taken each day indicated the attachment duration of this mechanism lasted up to 6 days. Post experiment inspection confirmed the attachment did not cause visible damage to tissue. These results confirmed the reliability of the TAM in vivo and demonstrated preliminary feasibility of long-term sensor adhesion to the GI tract. PMID:26044204

  10. Factors Affecting Attachment in International Adoptees at 6 Months Post Adoption

    PubMed Central

    Weiss, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    This pilot study examined the effect of five child and maternal factors on the attachment security of international adoptees at six months post adoption. Results from the sample of 22 adoptive mother-infant dyads showed that age at adoption, developmental status, length and quality of preadoption care, and maternal attachment representations were not significant predictors of child attachment status. The number of preadoption placements and the child's stress level did significantly predict attachment status, accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in attachment security. Number of preadoption placements uniquely contributed 14% of that variance (p=.007) while stress level uniquely contributed 12% (p=.01). Children who had fewer preadoption placements had higher attachment security; similarly, children who had lower stress levels had higher attachment security. Results suggest that consistency of preadoption care was more important than its length or quality. Further, the relationship between stress level and attachment security raises the possibility that a lower stress level functions as a protective factor for the developing attachment with the adoptive mother. PMID:22267885

  11. Assessing Attachment Security With the Attachment Q Sort: Meta-Analytic Evidence for the Validity of the Observer AQS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van I Jzendoorn,Marinus H.; Vereijken, Carolus M.J.L.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Riksen-Walraven, Marianne J.

    2004-01-01

    The reliability and validity of the Attachment Q Sort (AQS; Waters & Deane, 1985) was tested in a series of meta-analyses on 139 studies with 13,835 children. The observer AQS security score showed convergent validity with Strange Situation procedure (SSP) security (r=31) and excellent predictive validity with sensitivity measures (r=39). Its…

  12. Magic Carpet Shows Its Colors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    The upper left image in this display is from the panoramic camera on the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit, showing the 'Magic Carpet' region near the rover at Gusev Crater, Mars, on Sol 7, the seventh martian day of its journey (Jan. 10, 2004). The lower image, also from the panoramic camera, is a monochrome (single filter) image of a rock in the 'Magic Carpet' area. Note that colored portions of the rock correlate with extracted spectra shown in the plot to the side. Four different types of materials are shown: the rock itself, the soil in front of the rock, some brighter soil on top of the rock, and some dust that has collected in small recesses on the rock face ('spots'). Each color on the spectra matches a line on the graph, showing how the panoramic camera's different colored filters are used to broadly assess the varying mineral compositions of martian rocks and soils.

  13. The moderating role of father's care on the onset of binge eating symptoms among female late adolescents with insecure attachment.

    PubMed

    Pace, Ugo; Cacioppo, Marco; Schimmenti, Adriano

    2012-04-01

    The present study examined the association between quality of attachment, perception of the father's bond, and binge eating symptoms in a sample of female late adolescents. In total, 233 female students aged between 18 and 20 years completed measures on binge eating, quality of attachment and parent-child relationship. Data showed that respondents with binge symptoms reported lower scores on secure attachment and father's care, and higher scores on preoccupied and fearful attachment. Binge eating symptoms were associated with father's care, but not with father's overprotection. Also, binge symptoms were negatively associated with secure attachment styles, and positively with preoccupied and fearful attachment. The data, finally, provided evidence that at higher levels of preoccupied attachment, the impact of binge symptoms tended to be lower when father's care was high. PMID:22076662

  14. Understanding attachment security in family context.

    PubMed

    Cook, W L

    2000-02-01

    Attachment theory (J. Bowlby, 1969) is not just about how internalized models of relationships affect interpersonal outcomes; it is primarily a theory about how interpersonal processes affect social and cognitive development. This study tested 3 hypotheses about the interpersonal sources of adult attachment security: (a) attachment security is relationship specific, (b) characteristics of partners affect attachment security, and (c) security of attachment is reciprocated. Measures of attachment security were obtained from 2 parents and 2 children (adolescent or older) in 208 middle-class families. Results of social relations model analysis (D. A. Kenny & L. La Voie, 1984) supported all 3 hypotheses. The author concludes that internal working models of relationships may not be so "internal" after all and that greater emphasis on the interpersonal sources of adult attachment security is warranted. PMID:10707335

  15. Drugs Show Promise for Some Advanced Lung Cancers

    MedlinePLUS

    Drugs Show Promise for Some Advanced Lung Cancers Two experimental medications target mutation that fuels treatment resistance To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. (*this news ...

  16. 17. DETAIL OF FIRST NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING PIER, ENDPOST, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. DETAIL OF FIRST NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING PIER, ENDPOST, UPPER AND LOWER CHORDS AND DIAGONALS. VIEW TO SOUTH. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

  17. 12. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF NORTH APPROACH SPANS, SHOWING ROADWAY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF NORTH APPROACH SPANS, SHOWING ROADWAY DECK AND APPROACH SPAN PIERS. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

  18. 10. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF ARCH, SHOWING LOWER CHORDS, VERTICALS, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF ARCH, SHOWING LOWER CHORDS, VERTICALS, LATERAL BRACES AND ABUTMENTS, VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

  19. 9. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, LOWER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, LOWER CHORD, VERTICALS AND LATERAL BRACES, VIEW TO EAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

  20. 11. DETAIL LOOKING THROUGH ARCH, SHOWING ROADWAY DECK, VERTICALS AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. DETAIL LOOKING THROUGH ARCH, SHOWING ROADWAY DECK, VERTICALS AND LATERAL BRACES. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

  1. 14. DETAIL OF SECOND NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING STEEL PIERS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. DETAIL OF SECOND NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING STEEL PIERS AND CANTILEVERED CONCRETE PEDESTAL. VIEW TO SOUTH. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

  2. 8. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, UPPER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, UPPER CHORD, VERTICALS AND LATERAL BRACES. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

  3. 20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, AND '10 SMOOT' MARKER (see data pages) - Harvard Bridge, Spanning Charles River at Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  4. Pig and the Poultry Show 

    E-print Network

    Sloan

    2009-01-01

    directed toward 1ncreasing d1gestibi11ty of the gra1n. Fitch and Wolberg (2l) found that 435 of the grain of Kansas Orange and 36K of the grain of Atlas Sorgo s1lage was voided intact in the animal's feces. Analysis of the vo1ded grains showed... whole kernels, but the starchy endosperm had been digested. Davis and Waldern (14) observed that 7. 1~~ of the kernels and 1. 2? of the whole s1lage DM appeared in the feces as whole kernels. The propor- tion of in v1tro digestible dry matter ( IVDDM...

  5. Managing Beef Cattle for Show 

    E-print Network

    Herd, Dennis B.; Boleman, Chris; Boleman, Larry L.

    2001-11-16

    . Protein supplements?Feeds such as cottonseed meal, soybean meal and linseed meal increase the protein content of the diet. Small amounts (less than 3 percent) of fish meal, dried blood meal, corn gluten meal, linseed meal and brewers or distillers grains... of nutritional ailments of acidosis, bloat and possibly founder. A big full middle on a steer can be more effectively controlled by limiting feed and water the last few weeks before show, not by elimi- nating hay from the diet. Hay should be free of mold, dust...

  6. New Attachment Feature in RefWorks RefWorks users are now able to attach documents to their references. Attachments can be any type of

    E-print Network

    Brownstone, Rob

    New Attachment Feature in RefWorks RefWorks users are now able to attach documents to their references. Attachments can be any type of computer file (eg. .pdf, .doc, .xls, etc.). The documents to the number of files you can attach to your reference. The maximum size of any individual attachment is 20 MB

  7. Phoenix Scoop Inverted Showing Rasp

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    This image taken by the Surface Stereo Imager on Sol 49, or the 49th Martian day of the mission (July 14, 2008), shows the silver colored rasp protruding from NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Robotic Arm scoop. The scoop is inverted and the rasp is pointing up.

    Shown with its forks pointing toward the ground is the thermal and electrical conductivity probe, at the lower right. The Robotic Arm Camera is pointed toward the ground.

    The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is led by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

  8. Casimir experiments showing saturation effects

    E-print Network

    Bo E. Sernelius

    2009-10-27

    We address several different Casimir experiments where theory and experiment disagree. First out is the classical Casimir force measurement between two metal half spaces; here both in the form of the torsion pendulum experiment by Lamoreaux and in the form of the Casimir pressure measurement between a gold sphere and a gold plate as performed by Decca et al.; theory predicts a large negative thermal correction, absent in the high precision experiments. The third experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between a metal plate and a laser irradiated semiconductor membrane as performed by Chen et al.; the change in force with laser intensity is larger than predicted by theory. The fourth experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between an atom and a wall in the form of the measurement by Obrecht et al. of the change in oscillation frequency of a 87 Rb Bose-Einstein condensate trapped to a fused silica wall; the change is smaller than predicted by theory. We show that saturation effects can explain the discrepancies between theory and experiment observed in all these cases.

  9. Casimir experiments showing saturation effects

    SciTech Connect

    Sernelius, Bo E. [Division of Theory and Modeling, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden)

    2009-10-15

    We address several different Casimir experiments where theory and experiment disagree. First out is the classical Casimir force measurement between two metal half spaces; here both in the form of the torsion pendulum experiment by Lamoreaux and in the form of the Casimir pressure measurement between a gold sphere and a gold plate as performed by Decca et al.; theory predicts a large negative thermal correction, absent in the high precision experiments. The third experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between a metal plate and a laser irradiated semiconductor membrane as performed by Chen et al.; the change in force with laser intensity is larger than predicted by theory. The fourth experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between an atom and a wall in the form of the measurement by Obrecht et al. of the change in oscillation frequency of a {sup 87}Rb Bose-Einstein condensate trapped to a fused silica wall; the change is smaller than predicted by theory. We show that saturation effects can explain the discrepancies between theory and experiment observed in all these cases.

  10. SiC Die Attach for High-Temperature Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drevin-Bazin, A.; Lacroix, F.; Barbot, J.-F.

    2013-11-01

    Eutectic solders AuIn19 and AuGe12 and nanosilver paste were investigated for SiC die attach in high-temperature (300°C) applications. The soldering or sintering conditions were optimized through die shear tests performed at room temperature. In particular, application of static pressure (3.5 MPa) during sintering resulted in greatly improved mechanical behavior of the nanosilver-based joint. Microstructural study of the eutectic solders showed formation of Au-rich grains in AuGe die attach and significant diffusion of Au and In through the Ni layer in AuIn19 die attach, which could lead to formation of intermetallic compounds. Die shear tests versus temperature showed that the behaviors of the studied die attaches are different; nevertheless they present suitable shear strengths required for high-temperature applications. The mechanical behavior of joints under various levels of thermal and mechanical stress was also studied. Creep experiments were carried out on the eutectic solders to describe the thermomechanical behavior of the complete module; only one creep mechanism was observed in the working range.

  11. Preferential attachment in multiple trade networks.

    PubMed

    Foschi, Rachele; Riccaboni, Massimo; Schiavo, Stefano

    2014-08-01

    In this paper we develop a model for the evolution of multiple networks which is able to replicate the concentrated and sparse nature of world trade data. Our model is an extension of the preferential attachment growth model to the case of multiple networks. Countries trade a variety of goods of different complexity. Every country progressively evolves from trading less sophisticated to high-tech goods. The probabilities of capturing more trade opportunities at a given level of complexity and of starting to trade more complex goods are both proportional to the number of existing trade links. We provide a set of theoretical predictions and simulative results. A calibration exercise shows that our model replicates the same concentration level of world trade as well as the sparsity pattern of the trade matrix. We also discuss a set of numerical solutions to deal with large multiple networks. PMID:25215791

  12. Sharing the Love: Prebirth Adult Attachment Status and Coparenting Adjustment During Early Infancy

    PubMed Central

    Talbot, Jean A.; Baker, Jason K.; McHale, James P.

    2009-01-01

    SYNOPSIS Objective The purpose of this study to consider whether attachment security in mothers and fathers promotes more successful early coparenting adjustment, to assess the role of marital quality in amplifying or diminishing any such effects, and to examine interactive effects of maternal and paternal attachment status on coparenting. Design Eighty-five couples transitioning to new parenthood completed Main and Goldwyn’s Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and a multimethod marital evaluation during the pregnancy’s third trimester and participated in comprehensive assessments of coparenting conflict and cohesion at 3 months postpartum. Results Maternal Insecure attachment status predicted higher levels of coparental conflict, as did father Secure status. Families with Insecure fathers exhibited lower coparental cohesion on the whole. Maternal attachment status moderated the relation between paternal attachment status and cohesion, with Insecure father/Secure mother dyads exhibiting the lowest levels of cohesion, and Secure/Secure dyads showing the highest levels. Prenatal marital quality predicted 3-month coparenting cohesion, but not conflict. Prenatal marital quality did not interact with parental attachment status in the prediction of coparenting, but relations between parents’ attachment status and coparenting maintained after controlling for marital quality. Conclusion Prenatally assessed attachment status in both mothers and fathers predicts dimensions of coparenting early in the family life cycle. The impact of attachment status differs in important ways as a function of parent gender, and security in some cases exacerbated rather than buffered the negative impact of partner insecurity on coparental functioning. Effects of parental attachment security on coparenting cannot be properly estimated without reference to contextual factors. PMID:19662107

  13. Do automatic reactions elicited by thoughts of romantic partner, mother, and self relate to adult romantic attachment?

    PubMed

    Zayas, Vivian; Shoda, Yuichi

    2005-08-01

    Three studies tested the expectation that automatic reactions elicited by the mental representation of one's current romantic partner, mother, and self relate to adult romantic attachment. Adult romantic attachment was assessed using multiple measures, and individual differences in automatic reactions were assessed by the Implicit Association Test (IAT). Studies 1 and 2 showed that automatic reactions elicited by thoughts of current romantic partner, but not by thoughts of self, were related to adult romantic attachment assessed at a specific (i.e., within one's current romantic relationship) and general level (i.e., across all romantic relationships). The pattern of results was stronger among individuals identified as attachment-schematic. Studies 2 and 3 showed that automatic reactions elicited by thoughts of one's mother were related to adult romantic attachment assessed at a general level. In all three studies, results did not differ depending on how adult romantic attachment was conceptualized (four styles vs. two dimensions). PMID:16000264

  14. When "new" meets "old": configurations of adult attachment representations and their implications for marital functioning.

    PubMed

    Treboux, Dominique; Crowell, Judith A; Waters, Everett

    2004-03-01

    Two studies addressed the implications of concordance versus discrepancy of attachment representations in individuals at 2 stages in their marital relationships. Engaged (n = 157) and dating (n = 101) couples participated in a multimethod 6-year longitudinal study of adult attachment. Individuals completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), the Current Relationship Interview (CRI), and various questionnaires and were observed in interactions with partners. On the basis of AAI and CRI classifications, participants were placed in one of four groups: Secure-sub(AAI)/Secure-sub(CRI), Secure-sub(AAI)/Insecure-sub(CRI), Insecure-sub(AAI)/Secure-sub(CRI), or Insecure-sub(AAI)/Insecure-sub(CRI). Each of the configurations showed a particular pattern of behavior, feelings about relationships and the self, and likelihood of relationship breakup. The findings of the studies address important points about the protective effects of attachment security and have interesting implications for the extension of attachment theory into adulthood. PMID:14979768

  15. Development of an attachment-informed measure of sexual behavior in late adolescence.

    PubMed

    Szielasko, Alicia L; Symons, Douglas K; Lisa Price, E

    2013-04-01

    There is considerable interest in relations between sexual behavior and romantic attachment styles in adolescence as attachment needs are increasingly met through intimate partners rather than parents. The objectives of this research were to organize a measure of sexual behavior within an attachment theory framework, and then show that this new measure uniquely predicted sexual approach styles and invasive sexual experiences. 190 18- and 19-year-old university students in late adolescence completed sexual behavior items that were provided ambivalent (anxious) and avoidant dimensions. These were systematically related to the romantic attachment dimensions of the Experiences in Close Relationships - Revised. However, even after romantic relationship style, gender, and social desirability were controlled, avoidance in sexual relationships predicted lifetime sexual partner number and negatively predicted positive sexual strategies, and ambivalence in sexual relationships predicted invasive and coercive sexual behaviors. A measure specific to sexual relationships informs the attachment and romantic context of sex in late adolescence. PMID:23414943

  16. Electron attachment to Cl2 from 300 to 1100 K: Experiment and theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Friedman, Jeffrey F.; Miller, Thomas M.; Schaffer, Linda C.; Viggiano, A. A.; Fabrikant, Ilya I.

    2009-03-01

    Rate constants for dissociative electron attachment to Cl2 have been measured from 300 to 1100 K in a high-temperature flowing-afterglow Langmuir-probe apparatus. R -matrix calculations have been carried out which compare well with the present measurements with possible deviation at the highest temperatures. The attachment rate constants do not show Arrhenius behavior. The temperature dependence of the calculated rate constants for successive vibrational levels provides insight as to this behavior. While the lowest vibrational level of Cl2 dominates attachment at low temperatures, the rate constant is not flat with temperature because of the p -wave character of the attachment process. The non-Arrhenius behavior is due to a conflict between the increase in attachment cross section with vibrational level (temperature) and the decline in the cross section with electron energy above 50 meV.

  17. The effective photoinduction of Haematococcus pluvialis for accumulating astaxanthin with attached cultivation.

    PubMed

    Wan, Minxi; Hou, Dongmei; Li, Yuanguang; Fan, Jianhua; Huang, Jianke; Liang, Songtao; Wang, Weiliang; Pan, Ronghua; Wang, Jun; Li, Shulan

    2014-07-01

    As the optimal source of astaxanthin, Haematococcus pluvialis was cultured for commercial production of astaxanthin through two continuous phases: cell growth and astaxanthin induction. In this study, the efficiency of an attached system for producing astaxanthin from H. pluvialis was investigated and compared to that of the suspended system (bubble column bioreactor) under various conditions. Results showed that this attached system is more suitable for photoinduction of H. pluvialis than the suspended bioreactor. Under the optimal conditions, the astaxanthin productivity of the attached system was 65.8 mg m(-2)d(-1) and 2.4-fold of that in the suspended system. This attached approach also offers other advantages over suspended systems, such as, producing astaxanthin under a wide range of light intensities and temperatures, saving water, ease to harvest cells, resisting contamination. Therefore, the attached approach can be considered an economical, environmentally friendly and highly-efficient technology for producing astaxanthin from H. pluvialis. PMID:24787315

  18. Assessment of attachment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to HeLa cells by double radiolabeling.

    PubMed Central

    Gubish, E R; Mace, M L; Steiner, S M; Williams, R P

    1979-01-01

    Attachment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to HeLa cells was assessed by a technique using double radioisotopic labeling. Piliated, virulent bacteria from colony type 2 attached to HeLa cells to a greater extent than nonpiliated, avirulent bacteria from colony type 4. Maximal attachment rates for bacteria from both colony types occurred during the early incubation periods at 37 degrees C, and the HeLa cells appeared saturated at 4 h. Attachment was maximum at pH 6.5 and dependent upon the multiplicity of infection. Treatment of the HeLa cells with trypsin diminished the degree of attachment, but this effect substantially disappeared by 24 h after trypsin treatment. Scanning electron microscopy revealed bacteria of colony types 2 and 4 adhered to the HeLa cell surface. Thin-section transmission electron microscopy showed that bacteria were associated with the surface of the HeLa cell but not ingested. Images PMID:40874

  19. Autonomic correlates of attachment insecurity in a sample of women with eating disorders.

    PubMed

    Dias, Pedro; Soares, Isabel; Klein, John; Cunha, João P S; Roisman, Glenn I

    2011-03-01

    This study examined associations between attachment insecurity and autonomic response during the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) in a sample of 47 women with eating disorders using a new system for the synchronous acquisition of behavioral and physiological data: the Bio Dual-channel and Representation of Attachment Multimedia System (BioDReAMS; Soares, Cunha, Zhan Jian Li, Pinho, & Neves, 1998). Consistent with the emerging literature on the psychophysiology of adult attachment, insecurity was positively correlated with electrodermal reactivity during the AAI. Furthermore, relatively secure patients showed some evidence of parasympathetic withdrawal, which can be conceptualized as evidence of more effective emotion regulation. Results suggest that, even among women with diagnosed psychopathology, security is associated with moreproductive patterns of psychophysiological response to attachment-related challenges. PMID:21390908

  20. Split ring containment attachment device

    DOEpatents

    Sammel, Alfred G. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1996-01-01

    A containment attachment device 10 for operatively connecting a glovebag 200 to plastic sheeting 100 covering hazardous material. The device 10 includes an inner split ring member 20 connected on one end 22 to a middle ring member 30 wherein the free end 21 of the split ring member 20 is inserted through a slit 101 in the plastic sheeting 100 to captively engage a generally circular portion of the plastic sheeting 100. A collar potion 41 having an outer ring portion 42 is provided with fastening means 51 for securing the device 10 together wherein the glovebag 200 is operatively connected to the collar portion 41.

  1. DNA attachment to support structures

    DOEpatents

    Balhorn, Rodney L. (Livermore, CA); Barry, Christopher H. (Fresno, CA)

    2002-01-01

    Microscopic beads or other structures are attached to nucleic acids (DNA) using a terminal transferase. The transferase adds labeled dideoxy nucleotide bases to the ends of linear strands of DNA. The labels, such as the antigens digoxigenin and biotin, bind to the antibody compounds or other appropriate complementary ligands, which are bound to the microscopic beads or other support structures. The method does not require the synthesis of a synthetic oligonucleotide probe. The method can be used to tag or label DNA even when the DNA has an unknown sequence, has blunt ends, or is a very large fragment (e.g., >500 kilobase pairs).

  2. Adolescents' ADHD symptoms and adjustment: The role of attachment and rejection sensitivity.

    PubMed

    Scharf, Miri; Oshri, Assaf; Eshkol, Varda; Pilowsky, Tammy

    2014-03-01

    The associations between attachment style, ADHD symptoms, and social adjustments were examined in a community sample of adolescents. Five hundred and eight junior high school students completed questionnaires pertaining to attachment style, ADHD symptoms (inattention and hyperactivity), and rejection sensitivity, and were rated by homeroom teachers on social adjustment. Analyses supported a 3-profile pattern of attachment styles: secure, dismissing, and preoccupied. The 3 attachment profiles showed differential risk on adolescents' social adjustment, as well as on ADHD symptoms. The secure profile showed the most adaptive outcomes on all of the examined adjustment outcomes, compared with the other 2 profiles. In contrast, the preoccupied attachment profile showed the highest levels of ADHD problems, angry and anxious expectations, while displaying a similar level of maladjustment to the dismissing profile. In addition, structural equation modeling was used and supported a model that tested an indirect link between attachment security and adolescent adjustment via an ADHD latent factor. Findings suggest that clinicians and educators should pay attention to relational patterns (attachment styles) in adolescence, as these may serve as a developmental precursor for ADHD and a range of adjustment problems in school. PMID:24826937

  3. Sine-Bar Attachment For Machine Tools

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mann, Franklin D.

    1988-01-01

    Sine-bar attachment for collets, spindles, and chucks helps machinists set up quickly for precise angular cuts that require greater precision than provided by graduations of machine tools. Machinist uses attachment to index head, carriage of milling machine or lathe relative to table or turning axis of tool. Attachment accurate to 1 minute or arc depending on length of sine bar and precision of gauge blocks in setup. Attachment installs quickly and easily on almost any type of lathe or mill. Requires no special clamps or fixtures, and eliminates many trial-and-error measurements. More stable than improvised setups and not jarred out of position readily.

  4. Sex differences in infant-mother attachment.

    PubMed

    Williams, Sue W; Blunk, Elizabeth M

    2003-02-01

    A sex difference in security of infant attachment was found in a sample of 52 infant-mother dyads. The infants were enrolled in early care and education programs within a predominantly small-town geographic area in the southwest. Security of attachment was assessed using the Strange Situation procedure. Male infants (76%) were significantly more likely to be securely attached than female infants (39%). No other variables related to the infants' early care and education experience or mothers' age, race, marital status, and education were significantly associated with infants' attachment status. PMID:12674262

  5. Methane production by attached film

    DOEpatents

    Jewell, William J. (202 Eastwood Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850)

    1981-01-01

    A method for purifying wastewater of biodegradable organics by converting the organics to methane and carbon dioxide gases is disclosed, characterized by the use of an anaerobic attached film expanded bed reactor for the reaction process. Dilute organic waste material is initially seeded with a heterogeneous anaerobic bacteria population including a methane-producing bacteria. The seeded organic waste material is introduced into the bottom of the expanded bed reactor which includes a particulate support media coated with a polysaccharide film. A low-velocity upward flow of the organic waste material is established through the bed during which the attached bacterial film reacts with the organic material to produce methane and carbon dioxide gases, purified water, and a small amount of residual effluent material. The residual effluent material is filtered by the film as it flows upwardly through the reactor bed. In a preferred embodiment, partially treated effluent material is recycled from the top of the bed to the bottom of the bed for further treatment. The methane and carbon dioxide gases are then separated from the residual effluent material and purified water.

  6. Attachment and Autism: Parental Attachment Representations and Relational Behaviors in the Parent-Child Dyad

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn Seskin; Eileen Feliciano; Gil Tippy; Ruby Yedloutschnig; K. Mark Sossin; Anastasia Yasik

    2010-01-01

    While attachment research has demonstrated that parents’ internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted\\u000a to their children, affecting children’s developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between\\u000a adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with autism and associated neurodevelopmental\\u000a disorders of relating and communicating. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was employed to

  7. Attachment, authenticity, and honesty: dispositional and experimentally induced security can reduce self- and other-deception.

    PubMed

    Gillath, Omri; Sesko, Amanda K; Shaver, Phillip R; Chun, David S

    2010-05-01

    Attachment security is hypothesized to promote authenticity and sincerity, or honesty, whereas insecurity is hypothesized to increase various forms of inauthenticity and dishonesty. The authors tested these ideas in 8 studies of dispositional and situational attachment insecurities and their influence on inauthenticity and dishonesty. The first 4 studies showed that authenticity is related to scoring low on the 2 dimensions of dispositional attachment insecurity-anxiety and avoidance-and that these 2 dimensions are associated with different aspects of inauthenticity. The first set of studies also showed that conscious and unconscious security priming increased state authenticity (compared with neutral or insecurity priming). The last 4 studies showed that attachment insecurity is related to dishonesty (lying and cheating) and that security priming reduces the tendency to lie or cheat and does so more effectively than positive mood priming. Implications for understanding the role of authenticity and inauthenticity in various relationship contexts are discussed. PMID:20438228

  8. Adult Attachment, Culturally Adjusted Attachment, and Interpersonal Difficulties of Taiwanese Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Chia-Chih DC; Scalise, Dominick A.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the applicability of Western adult attachment perspectives to interpersonal difficulties experienced by individuals with indigenous Chinese cultural backgrounds. A total of 275 Taiwanese university students completed self-report surveys of adult attachment, ideal attachment, and interpersonal problems. Culturally adjusted…

  9. Adult Attachment as a Risk Factor for Intimate Partner Violence : The "Mispairing" of Partners' Attachment Styles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doumas, Diana M.; Pearson, Christine L.; Elgin, Jenna E.; McKinley, Lisa L.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between intimate partner violence and adult attachment in a sample of 70 couples. The attachment style of each partner and the interaction of the partners' attachment styles were examined as predictors of intimate partner violence. Additional analyses were conducted to examine violence reciprocity and to…

  10. Attachment, attention, and cognitive control: Attachment style and performance on general attention tasks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Omri Gillath; Barry Giesbrecht; Phillip R. Shaver

    2009-01-01

    Three studies examined the effects of attachment style on performance in non-attachment-related attention tasks; one study also assessed the effect of priming memories of experiences of attachment security or insecurity on attentional performance in a flanker task. In Study 1, participants performed a psychological refractory period (PRP) task assessing their ability to switch attention rapidly from one decision to another;

  11. The Adult Attachment Interview and Self-Reports of Attachment Style: An Empirical Rapprochement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Glenn I. Roisman; Ashley Holland; Keren Fortuna; R. Chris Fraley; Eric Clausell; Alexis Clarke

    2007-01-01

    Although 10 studies have been published on the empirical overlap of the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and measures of self-reported attachment style, results in this literature have been inconsistently interpreted in narrative reviews. This report was designed as a rapprochement of the AAI and attachment style literatures and includes 3 studies. Study 1 (combined N = 961) is a meta-analytic

  12. Attached-sunspace designs: a nationwide economic appraisal

    SciTech Connect

    Roach, F.; Kirschner, C.

    1980-01-01

    Performance estimates for attached-sunspace passive solar heated residences have recently been incorporated into the Los Alamos/UNM EASE III model. These estimates are used to analyze the economic performance of a fixed dimension sunspace design when attached to a pre-existing single family residential unit. The sunspace is a passive design which can be easily and effectively adapted to a retrofit situation. Several key parameters are carefully evaluated for the sunspace retrofit design. These include loan or mortgage terms, ownership period, resale potential and competing conventional fuel prices. General economic and design parameters are combined in a variant of life cycle costing to evaluate the feasibility of both owner-built and contractor-built attached sunspaces for 220 regions in the contiguous United States. This evaluation is made for two conventional fuel types - natural gas and electric resistance - and for three resale values - 0%, 100%, and 200%. Results show that the prospect for conventional fuel displacement through retrofit of attached sunspaces is very good with the design's economic performance enhanced in regions with expensive conventional fuel alternatives.

  13. Fibronectin coating of oxygenator membranes enhances endothelial cell attachment

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can replace the lungs’ gas exchange capacity in refractory lung failure. However, its limited hemocompatibility, the activation of the coagulation and complement system as well as plasma leakage and protein deposition hamper mid- to long-term use and have constrained the development of an implantable lung assist device. In a tissue engineering approach, lining the blood contact surfaces of the ECMO device with endothelial cells might overcome these limitations. As a first step towards this aim, we hypothesized that coating the oxygenator’s gas exchange membrane with proteins might positively influence the attachment and proliferation of arterial endothelial cells. Methods Sheets of polypropylene (PP), polyoxymethylpentene (TPX) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), typical material used for oxygenator gas exchange membranes, were coated with collagen, fibrinogen, gelatin or fibronectin. Tissue culture treated well plates served as controls. Endothelial cell attachment and proliferation were analyzed for a period of 4 days by microscopic examination and computer assisted cell counting. Results Endothelial cell seeding efficiency is within range of tissue culture treated controls for fibronectin treated surfaces only. Uncoated membranes as well as all other coatings lead to lower cell attachment. A confluent endothelial cell layer develops on fibronectin coated PDMS and the control surface only. Conclusions Fibronectin increases endothelial cells’ seeding efficiency on different oxygenator membrane material. PDMS coated with fibronectin shows sustained cell attachment for a period of four days in static culture conditions. PMID:23356939

  14. Effects of pitch accents in attachment ambiguity resolution

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Eun-Kyung; Watson, Duane G.

    2011-01-01

    Previous work has found that listeners prefer to attach ambiguous syntactic constituents to nouns produced with a pitch accent (Schafer et al., 1996). This study examines what factors underlie previously established accent attachment effects by testing whether these effects are driven by a preference to attach syntactic constituents to new or important information (the Syntax Hypothesis) or whether there is a bias to respond to post-sentence probe questions with an accented word (the Salience Hypothesis). One of the predictions of the Salience Hypothesis is that selection of accented words should be greater when a sentence is complex and processing resources are limited. The results from the experiments presented here show that the probability of listeners’ selecting accented words when asked about the interpretation of a relative clause varies with sentence type: listeners selected accented words more frequently in long sentences than in short sentences, consistent with the predictions of the Salience Hypothesis. Furthermore, Experiment 4 demonstrates that listeners are more likely to respond to post-sentence questions with accented words than with non-accented words, even when no ambiguity is present, and even when the response results in an incorrect answer. These findings suggest that accent-driven attachment effects found in earlier studies reflect a post-sentence selection process rather than a syntactic processing mechanism. PMID:22287815

  15. Disturbances in attachment: inhibited and disinhibited symptoms in foster children

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Previous DSM-versions recognized an inhibited and a disinhibited subtype of the Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD). The current DSM-5 distinguishes two different disorders, instead of two subtypes of RAD. This study examined whether a split-up of the subtypes is valid. Method In 126 foster children, attachment disorder symptoms were assessed with the Disturbances of Attachment Interview. Forms of pathogenic care were identified based on dossier analyses. Associations between symptoms of attachment disorder with internalizing and externalizing problems (Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form) were examined. Results Omnibus tests showed no significant association between type of symptoms and type of pathogenic care. Exploratory analyses did reveal an univariate association between disinhibited symptoms and history of physical abuse. Disinhibited symptoms were associated with more internalizing and externalizing problems (d’s?

  16. Adult Attachment and the Effects on Romantic Relationships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Barbara J.

    This paper reviews the current research on the nature of relationships from an attachment theory perspective. It begins with a review of attachment theory and states that an understanding of adult attachment is crucial for an understanding of the effects of attachment styles on relationships. It addresses the effect that each attachment style has…

  17. Platelet thrombospondin mediates attachment and spreading of human melanoma cells

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David D. Roberts; James A. Sherwood; Victor Ginsburg

    1987-01-01

    Human platelet thrombospondin adsorbed on plastic promotes attachment and spreading of hu- man G361 melanoma cells. Attachment is rapid, and spreading is maximal by 90 min with 60-90% of the attached cells spread. In contrast, thrombospondin promotes attachment but not spreading of human C32 melanoma cells, which attach and spread only on laminin substrates. The specificity of these interactions and

  18. Explaining the relationship between insecure attachment and partner abuse: the role of personality characteristics.

    PubMed

    Buck, Nicole M L; Leenaars, Ellie P E M; Emmelkamp, Paul M G; van Marle, Hjalmar J C

    2012-11-01

    Studies have found that male batterers are more often insecurely attached as compared with nonbatterers. However, it is still not clear how insecure attachment is related to domestic violence. Many studies compared batterers and nonbatterers regarding pathological personality characteristics that are related to attachment (e.g., dependency, jealousy) and generally found that batterers report more personality characteristics. However, these studies did not investigate which role these characteristics played in the relationship between insecure attachment and battering. The first aim of this study is to test which personality characteristics are good candidates to explain the relationship between insecure attachment and domestic violence. The second aim is to test whether personality characteristics are predictive of battering over and above attachment. Seventy-two mainly court-mandated family-only males who were in group treatment for battering are allocated to a securely and an insecurely attached group and compared with 62 nonbatterers. Using questionnaires, self-esteem, dependency, general distrust, distrust in partner, jealousy, lack of empathy, separation anxiety, desire for control, and impulsivity were assessed. This was the first study that examined distrust, separation anxiety, and desire for control in relation to battering. The results show that the relationship between insecure attachment and domestic violence can be explained by separation anxiety and partner distrust. Moreover, only partner distrust increased the risk for battering over and above insecure attachment. The findings suggest the presence of two subtypes among batterers based on attachment style, which has similarities to the family-only and dysphoric-borderline subtypes suggested by Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart. Implications of the present findings for therapy are discussed. PMID:22550146

  19. Influence of nanophase titania topography on bacterial attachment and metabolism

    PubMed Central

    Park, Margaret R; Banks, Michelle K; Applegate, Bruce; Webster, Thomas J

    2008-01-01

    Surfaces with nanophase compared to conventional (or nanometer smooth) topographies are known to have different properties of area, charge, and reactivity. Previously published research indicates that the attachment of certain bacteria (such as Pseudomonas fluorescens 5RL) is higher on surfaces with nanophase compared to conventional topographies, however, their effect on bacterial metabolism is unclear. Results presented here show that the adhesion of Pseudomonas fluorescens 5RL and Pseudomonas putida TVA8 was higher on nanophase than conventional titania. Importantly, in terms of metabolism, bacteria attached to the nanophase surfaces had higher bioluminescence rates than on the conventional surfaces under all nutrient conditions. Thus, the results from this study show greater select bacterial metabolism on nanometer than conventional topographies, critical results with strong consequences for the design of improved biosensors for bacteria detection. PMID:19337418

  20. Associations among Adult Attachment Presentations, Maternal Sensitivity, and Infant-Mother Attachment in a Sample of Adolescent Mothers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Mary J.; Carlson, Elizabeth A.

    1995-01-01

    Associations among adolescent attachment organization, maternal sensitivity, and infant attachment organization were examined prospectively in 72 teenaged mother-infant dyads. Pregnant teenagers' attachment organizations predicted both sensitivity and infant-mother attachments. Associations between maternal sensitivity and infant attachment were…

  1. Solarize Raleigh Program Attachment B -Pricing Proposal

    E-print Network

    Shingles -Slate Roofs Total Additional Cost NOTE: Pricing proposals must specify total installation costsSolarize Raleigh Program Attachment B - Pricing Proposal Please complete Attachment B or use proposed equipment for the typical solar PV installation. If more than one variety of equipment might

  2. Attachment Representations and Time Perspective in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laghi, Fiorenzo; D'Alessio, Maria; Pallini, Susanna; Baiocco, Roberto

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between attachment to parents and peers, time perspective and psychological adjustment in adolescence. 2,665 adolescents (M age = 17.03 years, SD = 1.48) completed self-report measures about parent and peer attachment, time perspective, sympathy and self-determination. Subjects were divided into four groups…

  3. Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cindy Hazan; Phillip Shaver

    1987-01-01

    This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed earlier in life between human infants and their parents. Key components of attachment theory, developed by Bowlby, Ainsworth, and others to explain the development of affectional bonds in infancy, were translated

  4. An Attachment Model of University Connectedness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Steffen; Gore, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Students with high levels of connectedness to the university have been found to be more likely to complete their college degree than are students with low levels of university connectedness. This study examined the role of parental and peer attachment as distal predictors of school connectedness. As predicted, it was found that attachment style to…

  5. The precision attachment removable partial denture.

    PubMed

    Riedy, S J

    1997-04-01

    This manuscript attempts to discuss intracoronal and extracoronal precision attachments. A clinical technique is presented which describes the use of intracoronal precision attachments to retain maxillary and mandibular removable partial dentures. Laboratory techniques are also described in this procedure. PMID:9520759

  6. Parent-Child Attachment and Emotion Regulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brumariu, Laura E.

    2015-01-01

    Given the centrality of both parent-child attachment and emotion regulation in children's development and adjustment, it is important to evaluate the relations between these constructs. This article discusses conceptual and empirical links between attachment and emotion regulation in middle childhood, highlights progress and challenges in the…

  7. Parental incarceration, attachment and child psychopathology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Murray; Lynne Murray

    2010-01-01

    Theory and evidence relating parental incarceration, attachment, and psychopathology are reviewed. Parental incarceration is a strong risk factor for long-lasting psychopathology, including antisocial and internalizing outcomes. Parental incarceration might threaten children's attachment security because of parent–child separation, confusing communication about parental absence, restricted contact with incarcerated parents, and unstable caregiving arrangements. Parental incarceration can also cause economic strain, reduced supervision,

  8. Attachment Parenting: A Style That Works.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sears, William

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the benefits of attachment parenting, which emphasizes parental commitment, a low-stress pregnancy, childbirth preparation, breast-feeding with child-led weaning, prompt response to the baby's crying, flexible sleeping arrangements, close-knit father-mother-baby functioning, and the avoidance of detachment parenting. Attachment parenting…

  9. Attachment Theory, Psychoanalysis, Personality Development, and Psychopathology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sidney J. Blatt; Kenneth N. Levy

    2003-01-01

    Blatt and Levy place attachment theory and research in a broad theoretical matrix by considering the relationship of attachment patterns to personality development and to different types of psychopathology in adults. Thus Blatt and Levy construct conceptual bridges between the two configurations of personality development and psychopathology that Blatt and colleagues have developed over the past quarter century (e.g., Behrends

  10. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adolescent Attachment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fearon, Pasco; Shmueli-Goetz, Yael; Viding, Essi; Fonagy, Peter; Plomin, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Background: Twin studies consistently point to limited genetic influence on attachment security in the infancy period, but no study has examined whether this remains the case in later development. This study presents the findings from a twin study examining the relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on attachment in…

  11. Psychophysical Scaling of Attachment and Loss.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarnai, John

    Few studies have attempted to measure the strength of attachment in personal relationships or the stress associated with the loss of those relationships. To measure the perceived strength of attachment and stress of loss of 20 typical relationships (e.g.,wife or husband, father, son, daughter, brother, sister, friend, lover, grandparents, and…

  12. Stability of Attachment during the Preschool Period

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Ellen; Cyr, Chantal; Bureau, Jean-Francois; Tarabulsy, George M.; Dubois-Comtois, Karine

    2005-01-01

    Children's attachment patterns at early preschool age and 2 years later as well as factors related to stability-instability were examined in a diverse socioeconomic status French Canadian sample of 120 children. Attachment was assessed during 2 laboratory visits using separation-reunion procedures when the children were approximately 3.5 (J.…

  13. Loss and Disorganization from an Attachment Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, Paula

    2010-01-01

    In this article, it is hypothesized that disorganizing, disorienting, and unresolved states of mind about loss experiences, as classified by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coding system, may offer insight into the bereaved mind and may guide clinical treatment approaches. This article discusses pre-loss attachment organizations and the…

  14. Instability of Infant-Parent Attachment Security.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belsky, Jay; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Examined the stability of infant-parent attachment security in samples of 90 infant-mother and 120 infant-father dyads who completed the Ainsworth and Wittig Strange Situation procedure at 6- to 7-month intervals. Significant stability was not discerned in attachment security, with rates of stability ranging from 46% to 55%. (MDM)

  15. Security for Network Attached Storage Devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Gobioff; Garth Gibson; Doug Tygar

    1997-01-01

    This paper presents a novel cryptographic capability system addressing the security and performance needs of network attached storage systems in which file management functions occur at a different location than the file storage device. In our NASD system file managers issue capabilities to client machines, which can then directly access files stored on the network attached storage device without intervention

  16. Emotion Regulation: Influences of Attachment Relationships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassidy, Jude

    1994-01-01

    Examines ways in which individual differences in emotion regulation may be influenced by children's attachment experiences. It argues that individuals characterized by the flexible ability to accept and integrate both positive and negative emotions are generally securely attached, whereas individuals characterized by either limited or heightened…

  17. Attachment Theory Applied to Juvenile Sex Offending.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodrow, Kenneth K.; Lim, Mee-Gaik

    1998-01-01

    Attachment theory is applied to identify systemic patterns encouraging juveniles to commit sexual offenses. The role of the helping system in perpetuating offenses is reviewed. The priority of family integrity and the role of professionals in breaking cycles of abuse and repairing earlier destructive emotional attachments are discussed. (EMK)

  18. Continuing bonds, attachment style, and adjustment in the conjugal bereavement among Hong Kong Chinese.

    PubMed

    Ho, Samuel M Y; Chan, Ide S F; Ma, Ernie P W; Field, Nigel P

    2013-03-01

    The present study examined the effects of attachment style and continuing bonds, defined as the extent to which a bereaved individual feels that the deceased remains a part of his/her life, on postbereavement adjustment among 71 conjugally bereaved individuals. It was shown that bereaved individuals with an anxious attachment style tended to show more externalized continuing bonds as well as more grief symptoms. An anxious attachment style played a direct and significant role in postbereavement adjustment over and above the contribution of externalized continuing bonds. Interventions to facilitate restoration tasks and to reduce externalized continuing bonds would be discussed. PMID:24524435

  19. Attachment of Agrobacterium to plant surfaces

    PubMed Central

    Matthysse, Ann G.

    2014-01-01

    Agrobacterium tumefaciens binds to the surfaces of inanimate objects, plants, and fungi. These bacteria are excellent colonizers of root surfaces. In addition, they also bind to soil particles and to the surface of artificial or man-made substances, such as polyesters and plastics. The mechanisms of attachment to these different surfaces have not been completely elucidated. At least two types of binding have been described unipolarpolysaccharide-dependent polar attachment and unipolar polysaccharide-independent attachment (both polar and lateral). The genes encoding the enzymes for the production of the former are located on the circular chromosome, while the genes involved in the latter have not been identified. The expression of both of these types of attachment is regulated in response to environmental signals. However, the signals to which they respond differ so that the two types of attachment are not necessarily expressed coordinately. PMID:24926300

  20. The Antimicrobial Activity of Porphyrin Attached Polymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, Lesley

    2008-03-01

    We are interested in testing the antimicrobial activity of a porphyrin that is attached to a polymer. The porphyrin (5-(4-carboxyphenyl)-10,15,20-tris-(4-pryridyl)) was synthesized from methyl 4-formyl benzoate, 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, and pyrrole and attached to a copolymer of polystyrene/poly(vinyl benzyl chloride), which was synthesized by free radical polymerization. The antimicrobial activity of the polymer-attached porphyrin was then determined for gram-negative E. Coli grown to 0.80 OD. In this procedure, glass slides were coated with polymer-attached porphyrin via dip-coating, and the E. Coli bacteria were plated in Luria Broth media. The plates were subsequently exposed to light overnight before they were incubated as porphyrins act as photo-sensitizers when irradiated with light. The polymer-attached porphyrin did exhibit antimicrobial activity and parameters that affect its efficiency will be discussed.

  1. Sleep and Attachment in Preterm Infants.

    PubMed

    Schwichtenberg, A J; Shah, Prachi E; Poehlmann, Julie

    2013-01-01

    Infants born preterm are at elevated risk for social emotional difficulties. However, factors contributing to this risk are largely understudied. Within the present study, we explored infant sleep as a biosocial factor that may play a role in infant social emotional development. Within a prospective longitudinal design, we examined parent-reported sleep patterns and observed parenting quality as predictors of infant-mother attachment in 171 infants born preterm. Using structural equation modeling, we examined main effect and moderator models linking infant sleep patterns and parenting with attachment security. Sleep patterns characterized by more daytime sleep and positive/responsive parenting predicted infant attachment security. Parent-reported nighttime sleep patterns were unrelated to attachment in this sample of infants born preterm. These results indicate that daytime sleep and parenting quality may be important for emerging attachment relationships in infants born preterm. PMID:23482430

  2. Prepositional Phrase Attachment through a Backed-Off Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Collins; James Brooks

    1995-01-01

    Recent work has considered corpus-based or statistical approaches to the problem of prepositional phrase attachment ambiguity. Typically, ambiguous verb phrases of the form v np1 p np2 are resolved through a model which considers values of the four head words (v, n1, p and n2). This paper shows that the problem is analogous to n-gram language models in speech recognition,

  3. Longitudinal association between adolescent attachment, adult romantic attachment, and emotion regulation strategies.

    PubMed

    Pascuzzo, Katherine; Cyr, Chantal; Moss, Ellen

    2013-01-01

    Attachment security towards parents and peers in adolescence, and romantic attachment styles and emotion regulation strategies in young adulthood, were evaluated using an eight-year longitudinal design. Fifty-six young adults completed the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) at age 14, and then, at age 22, the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), an emotion regulation questionnaire concerning coping strategies, including task-oriented versus emotion-oriented foci. Results indicated that greater insecurity to parents and peers in adolescence predicted a more anxious romantic attachment style and greater use of emotion-oriented strategies in adulthood. Concurrently, anxious adult attachment style was related to more emotion-oriented strategies, whereas an avoidant attachment style was related to less support-seeking. Analyses also identified emotion-oriented coping strategies as a partial mediator of the link between adolescent attachment insecurity to parents and adult anxious attachment, and a complete mediator of the association between adolescent attachment insecurity to peers and adult anxious attachment. These findings support the core assumption of continuity in attachment theory, where relationships to parents influence close romantic relationships in adulthood. PMID:23216393

  4. Role of a bacillus Calmette-Guérin fibronectin attachment protein in BCG-induced antitumor activity.

    PubMed

    Zhao, W; Schorey, J S; Bong-Mastek, M; Ritchey, J; Brown, E J; Ratliff, T L

    2000-04-01

    Intravesical Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Gu*erin (BCG) is the treatment of choice for superficial bladder cancer. Previous studies showed that attachment of BCG to fibronectin within the bladder was necessary for mediation of the antitumor response. Further studies identified a bacterial receptor, fibronectin attachment protein (FAP), as an important mediator of BCG attachment to fibronectin. In vitro studies showed that a stable BCG/fibronectin interaction was dependent on FAP binding to fibronectin; however, no role for FAP in the attachment of BCG in vivo has been characterized. We now report the cloning of the M. bovis BCG FAP (FAP-B) and demonstrate an important role for FAP in the in vivo attachment of BCG to the bladder wall and in the induction of BCG-mediated antitumor activity. The predicted amino acid sequence for FAP-B shows 61% and 71% homology, respectively, with Mycobacterium avium FAP (FAP-A) and Mycobacterium leprae FAP (FAP-L). Rabbit polyclonal antibodies against Mycobacterium vaccae FAP (FAP-V) reacted with all 3 recombinant FAP proteins on Western blots. Functional studies show FAP-B to bind fibronectin via the highly conserved attachment regions previously identified for FAP-A and FAP-L and also to competitively inhibit attachment of BCG to matrix fibronectin. In vivo studies show FAP to be a necessary protein for the stable attachment of BCG to the bladder wall. Moreover, stable binding of BCG via FAP was shown to be necessary for the expression of BCG-induced antitumor activity. Our results demonstrate a biological role for FAP in the mediation of BCG-induced antitumor activity. PMID:10728599

  5. 30 CFR 56.19030 - Safety device attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Safety device attachments. 56.19030 Section 56.19030 Mineral... Wire Ropes § 56.19030 Safety device attachments. Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected,...

  6. 26 CFR 301.6804-1 - Attachment and cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Attachment and cancellation. 301.6804-1...Relating to Stamps § 301.6804-1 Attachment and cancellation. For provisions relating to the attachment and cancellation of specific stamps...

  7. 26 CFR 301.6804-1 - Attachment and cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Attachment and cancellation. 301.6804-1...Relating to Stamps § 301.6804-1 Attachment and cancellation. For provisions relating to the attachment and cancellation of specific stamps...

  8. 49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Attachment and maintenance of label. 583.9 ...AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label. (1) Except as...

  9. 30 CFR 56.19030 - Safety device attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety device attachments. 56.19030 Section 56.19030 Mineral... Wire Ropes § 56.19030 Safety device attachments. Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected,...

  10. 26 CFR 301.6804-1 - Attachment and cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Attachment and cancellation. 301.6804-1...Relating to Stamps § 301.6804-1 Attachment and cancellation. For provisions relating to the attachment and cancellation of specific stamps...

  11. 49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Attachment and maintenance of label. 583.9 ...AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label. (1) Except as...

  12. PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    1 PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014 Mondays, 12-mail: jcablow@uoregon.edu No phone calls please Course Description Attachment theory, from a scientific and educational point of view, attachment theory

  13. 30 CFR 57.19030 - Safety device attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Safety device attachments. 57.19030 Section 57.19030 Mineral... Wire Ropes § 57.19030 Safety device attachments. Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected,...

  14. 14 CFR 33.23 - Engine mounting attachments and structure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Engine mounting attachments and structure. 33.23 Section...General § 33.23 Engine mounting attachments and structure. (a) The maximum...and ultimate loads for engine mounting attachments and related engine structure must...

  15. 26 CFR 301.6804-1 - Attachment and cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Attachment and cancellation. 301.6804-1...Relating to Stamps § 301.6804-1 Attachment and cancellation. For provisions relating to the attachment and cancellation of specific stamps...

  16. 49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Attachment and maintenance of label. 583.9 ...AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label. (1) Except as...

  17. 49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Attachment and maintenance of label. 583.9 ...AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label. (1) Except as...

  18. 14 CFR 33.23 - Engine mounting attachments and structure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Engine mounting attachments and structure. 33.23 Section...General § 33.23 Engine mounting attachments and structure. (a) The maximum...and ultimate loads for engine mounting attachments and related engine structure must...

  19. 26 CFR 301.6804-1 - Attachment and cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Attachment and cancellation. 301.6804-1...Relating to Stamps § 301.6804-1 Attachment and cancellation. For provisions relating to the attachment and cancellation of specific stamps...

  20. Attachment site selection of ticks on roe deer, Capreolus capreolus

    PubMed Central

    Lödige, C.; Alings, M.; Vor, T.; Rühe, F.

    2010-01-01

    The spatio-temporal attachment site patterns of ticks feeding on their hosts can be of significance if co-feeding transmission (i.e. from tick to tick without a systemic infection of the host) of pathogens affects the persistence of a given disease. Using tick infestation data on roe deer, we analysed preferred attachment sites and niche width of Ixodes ticks (larvae, nymphs, males, females) and investigated the degree of inter- and intrastadial aggregation. The different development stages showed rather consistent attachment site patterns and relative narrow feeding site niches. Larvae were mostly found on the head and on the front legs of roe deer, nymphs reached highest densities on the head and highest adult densities were found on the neck of roe deer. The tick stages feeding (larvae, nymphs, females) on roe deer showed high degrees of intrastadial spatial aggregation, whereas males did not. Male ticks showed large feeding site overlap with female ticks. Feeding site overlap between larval-female and larval-nymphal ticks did occur especially during the months May–August on the head and front legs of roe deer and might allow pathogen transmission via co-feeding. Tick density, niche width and niche overlap on roe deer are mainly affected by seasonality, reflecting seasonal activity and abundance patterns of ticks. Since different tick development stages occur spatially and temporally clustered on roe deer, transmission experiments of tick-borne pathogens are urgently needed. PMID:20585837

  1. Home Page

    Cancer.gov

    Close Window State Cancer Profiles Quick Reference Guides ? Quick Reference Guides Index Home Page Send to Printer Text description of this image. Site Home Policies Accessibility Viewing Files FOIA Contact Us U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

  2. Children with disrupted attachment histories: interventions and psychophysiological indices of effects.

    PubMed

    Schuengel, Carlo; Oosterman, Mirjam; Sterkenburg, Paula S

    2009-01-01

    Diagnosis and treatment of children affected by disruptions of attachment (out of home placement, multiple changes of primary caregiver) is an area of considerable controversy. The possible contribution of psychobiological theories is discussed in three parts. The first part relates the attachment theoretical perspective to major psychobiological theories on the developmental associations of parent-child relationships and emotional response. The second part reviews studies of autonomic reactivity and HPA-axis activity with foster children, showing that foster children show more reactivity within physiological systems facilitating fight or flight behaviours rather than social engagement, especially foster children with atypical attachment behaviour. The third part is focused on treatment of children suffering from the consequences of disrupted attachment, based on a psychotherapy study with psychophysiological outcome measures. Implications are discussed for theory, diagnosis, and intervention. PMID:19732442

  3. An Investigation of Decision Making Styles and the Five-Factor Personality Traits with Respect to Attachment Styles

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deniz, M. Engin

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this research is to investigate if the attachment styles significantly predict the decision self-esteem, decision making styles and five-factor personality traits. Subjects of the study were 567 students in total from different faculties of Selcuk University. The results of the study showed that the attachment styles of the students…

  4. Genetic Contributions to Continuity and Change in Attachment Security: A Prospective, Longitudinal Investigation from Infancy to Young Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raby, K. Lee; Cicchetti, Dante; Carlson, Elizabeth A.; Egeland, Byron; Collins, W. Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Background: Longitudinal research has demonstrated that individual differences in attachment security show only modest continuity from infancy to adulthood. Recent findings based on retrospective reports suggest that individuals' genetic variation may moderate the developmental associations between early attachment-relevant relationship…

  5. The Moderating Role of Father's Care on the Onset of Binge Eating Symptoms among Female Late Adolescents with Insecure Attachment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pace, Ugo; Cacioppo, Marco; Schimmenti, Adriano

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined the association between quality of attachment, perception of the father's bond, and binge eating symptoms in a sample of female late adolescents. In total, 233 female students aged between 18 and 20 years completed measures on binge eating, quality of attachment and parent-child relationship. Data showed that respondents…

  6. Small-scale plasma irregularities produced during electron attachment chemical releases

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Scales, W. A.; Bernhardt, P. A.; Ganguli, G.; Siefring, C. L.; Rodriguez, P.

    1994-01-01

    In situ measurements of small-scale plasma density irregularities made during sounding rocket experiments that released electron attachment materials into the ionosphere are presented. A 2D electrostatic simulation model that includes attachment chemistry is used to study the source and evolution of these irregularities. The simulation shows (1) that large electron flow velocity shears develop on the boundary of the electron depletion and (2) these shears drive a plasma instability that is the likely source of the irregularities.

  7. Strong fragmentation processes driven by low energy electron attachment to various small perfluoroether molecules

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Mitterdorfer; A. Edtbauer; S. Karolczak; J. Postler; D. Gschliesser; S. Denifl; E. Illenberger; P. Scheier

    2011-01-01

    Negative ion formation in the three perfluoroethers (PFEs) diglyme (C6F14O3), triglyme (C8F18O4) and crownether (C10F20O5) is studied following electron attachment in the range from ?0 to 15eV. All three compounds show intense low energy resonances at subexcitation energies (<3eV) decomposing into a variety of negatively charged fragments. These fragment ions are generated via dissociative electron attachment (DEA), partly originating from

  8. Retention behaviors of different attachment systems: precious versus nonprecious, precision versus semi-precision.

    PubMed

    Gozneli, Rifat; Yildiz, Coskun; Vanlioglu, Burcin; Evren, Buket Akalin; Kulak-Ozkan, Yasemin

    2013-01-01

    The aims of this study were to investigate the retention force changes of different attachment systems after 10,000 insertion-separation cycles and the difference in retention force between precious and non-precious materials of the same attachment system. Four types of attachments (Ball, Rod, M3 stud, and AP-Piccolino), produced using both precious and non-precious metal alloys, were tested (n=6). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey's multiple comparison test, and t-test at a significance level of p?0.05. Retention forces of all attachment types were significantly decreased after 10,000 insertion-separation cycles (p?0.05). Rod and M3 attachment systems showed an initial increase in retention force, then an eventual decrease. At the end of the test, precious types of M3 and AP-Piccolino attachments had significantly higher retention force values than their non-precious ones (p?0.05). Friction between non-precious attachment parts resulted in a higher retention loss than precious metal alloys. PMID:24088837

  9. Enhancing early attachment: Design and pilot study of an intervention for primary health care dyads.

    PubMed

    Leigh, Francisca Figueroa; Vergara, Victoria Binda; Santelices, María Pía

    2012-11-16

    The attachment style of an infant with his caregiver can greatly influence his future development. Many interventions have been proposed to enhance early secure attachment styles, but few have characteristics that make them suitable for primary health care. The objective of the study wasto design a complex intervention for promoting secure attachment in dyads detected in Primary Health Care with altered patterns of attachment styles. The methodology proposed by the UK Medical Research Council was used: (1) theoretical phase: literature review; (2) modelling phase: the main components of the intervention were defined through qualitative research; and (3) exploration phase: pilot study of the preliminary intervention. The attachment style of the dyads was evaluated using the Massie-Campbell scale prior to and four months after the pilot intervention. The preliminary intervention was designed: a group workshop (five to seven dyads, with children aged between 6 and 12 months and two health care professional monitors) structured around various activities that specifically dealt with the skills associated with parental sensitivity and addressed relevant issues to child rearing. The intervention was then tested in a pilot study of 11 dyads in two primary health care centres. The analysis was done with nine dyads (two were lost in the second evaluation), and showed an improvement of 33 per cent in the secure attachment style in the dyads (not statistically significant). An original intervention is designed and proposed for dyads who have early indicators of altered styles of attachment in primary health care. PMID:23162050

  10. DETAIL VIEW OF TRAM BUCKET FRAME, SHOWING CLAMPING MECHANISM,WITHOUT ORE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    DETAIL VIEW OF TRAM BUCKET FRAME, SHOWING CLAMPING MECHANISM,WITHOUT ORE BUCKET AND WHEELS. THE FRAME IS LYING ON ITS SIDE. THE ORE BUCKET WAS ATTACHED TO THE LEFT SIDE, AND TWO WHEELS WERE ATTACHED TO THE SPINDLE ON THE RIGHT. THE FRAME AND BUCKET ARE SUSPENDED FROM THE STATIONARY CABLE BY THE TWO WHEELS, WITH THE ORE BUCKET HANGING BELOW. THE WHEEL AND LEVER AT CENTER WERE ACTIVATED BY THE OPENING AND CLOSING MECHANISMS ON THE TRAM TERMINALS TO LOCK OR RELEASE THE BUCKET ONTO THE MOVING CABLE THAT RAN THROUGH THE SQUARE BLOCK AT CENTER. - Keane Wonder Mine, Park Route 4 (Daylight Pass Cutoff), Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

  11. Role of attachment in response to pet loss.

    PubMed

    Field, Nigel P; Orsini, Lisa; Gavish, Roni; Packman, Wendy

    2009-04-01

    This study examined the impact of attachment on grief severity following the death of a pet. Seventy-one participants who had lost a dog or cat within the past year completed a set of measures that included an attachment measure assessing individual differences in attachment anxiety and avoidance, strength of the past attachment to the pet, the continuing bond with the deceased pet, social support, and complicated grief symptoms. Attachment anxiety and strength of the past attachment to the pet were each uniquely predictive of more severe grief. Furthermore, the continuing bond to the deceased pet partially mediated the impact of strength of the past attachment to the pet on grief severity. No significant mediators of the effect of attachment anxiety on grief were found, however. The results highlight the importance of distinguishing strength of attachment from attachment security in examining the effect of attachment on response to pet loss. PMID:19368063

  12. Design and Analysis of UHTC Leading Edge Attachment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, David J.; Nemeth, Noel N. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center was contacted to provide technical support to NASA Ames Research Center in the design and analysis of an ultra high temperature ceramic (UHTC) leading edge. UHTC materials are being considered for reusable launch vehicles because their high temperature capability may allow for un-cooled sharp leading edge designs. While ceramic materials have the design benefit of allowing subcomponents to run hot, they also provide a design challenge in that they invariably must be in contact with cooler subcomponents elsewhere in the structure. NASA Glenn Research Center proposed a modification to an existing attachment design. Thermal and structural analyses of the leading edge assembly were carried out using ABAQUS finite element software. Final results showed that the proposed modifications aided in thermally isolating hot and cold subcomponents and reducing bearing stresses at the attachment location.

  13. Emergence of soft communities from geometric preferential attachment.

    PubMed

    Zuev, Konstantin; Boguñá, Marián; Bianconi, Ginestra; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2015-01-01

    All real networks are different, but many have some structural properties in common. There seems to be no consensus on what the most common properties are, but scale-free degree distributions, strong clustering, and community structure are frequently mentioned without question. Surprisingly, there exists no simple generative mechanism explaining all the three properties at once in growing networks. Here we show how latent network geometry coupled with preferential attachment of nodes to this geometry fills this gap. We call this mechanism geometric preferential attachment (GPA), and validate it against the Internet. GPA gives rise to soft communities that provide a different perspective on the community structure in networks. The connections between GPA and cosmological models, including inflation, are also discussed. PMID:25923110

  14. Relative Lifetime Prediction for CPV Die-Attach Layers: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Silverman, T. J.; Bosco, N.; Kurtz, S.

    2012-03-01

    In concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) cell assemblies, a large-area die-attach layer is subjected to thermal cycles, leading to thermomechanical fatigue. This causes cracking and the eventual failure of the CPV cell by thermal runaway. We define a damage metric representing lumped progress toward failure and present a numerical model for computing the accumulation of damage for arbitrary transient temperature conditions. The model is applied to a particular design with a solder die-attach layer. We show that accelerated-test thermal cycles with higher ramp rates cause more damage, both per cycle and per unit time. Outdoor exposure to one entire year in two geographic locations is also simulated, revealing that a year of exposure in Golden, Colorado is equivalent to 1.4 years of exposure in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

  15. Less is more: removing membrane attachments stiffens the RBC cytoskeleton

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gov, Nir S.

    2007-11-01

    The polymerized network of the cytoskeleton of the red-blood cell (RBC) contains different protein components that maintain its overall integrity and attachment to the lipid bilayer. One of these key components is the band 3 ankyrin complex that attaches the spectrin filaments to the fluid bilayer. Defects in this particular component result in the shape transformation called spherocytosis, through the shedding of membrane nano-vesicles. We show here that this transition and membrane shedding can be explained through the increased stiffness of the network when the band 3 ankyrin complexes are removed. ATP-induced transient dissociations lead to network softening, which offsets the stiffening to some extent, and causes increased fragility of these mutant cells, as is observed.

  16. Emergence of Soft Communities from Geometric Preferential Attachment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zuev, Konstantin; Boguñá, Marián; Bianconi, Ginestra; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2015-04-01

    All real networks are different, but many have some structural properties in common. There seems to be no consensus on what the most common properties are, but scale-free degree distributions, strong clustering, and community structure are frequently mentioned without question. Surprisingly, there exists no simple generative mechanism explaining all the three properties at once in growing networks. Here we show how latent network geometry coupled with preferential attachment of nodes to this geometry fills this gap. We call this mechanism geometric preferential attachment (GPA), and validate it against the Internet. GPA gives rise to soft communities that provide a different perspective on the community structure in networks. The connections between GPA and cosmological models, including inflation, are also discussed.

  17. The effect of soil properties on the attachment of MS2 and ØX174 to natural soils

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiong, Florence Lee Chi; Pedley, Stephen; Charles, Katrina

    2013-04-01

    The attachment of viruses in the soil-water matrix is an important issue in environmental microbial risk assessment. The effects of different soil properties on the attachment of viruses have been studied using surrogate viruses known as bacteriophages. However, there have been few attempts to link those properties together to give an overall picture of the attachment dynamics. This study measured the attachment of bacteriophages MS2 and ØX174 to 27 natural, highly characterized soils. Statistical analysis was used to identify and rank the soil properties that facilitate virus attachment. Soil samples were mixed with artificial groundwater diluent and 1ml of bacteriophages for 3 hours. Attachment was measured by the reduction in phage titre in the supernatant (SS) relative to controls minus the soil (CS), and was presented as the ratio of SS/CS. The examined soil properties were pH, particle size distribution, moisture content, heterotrophic plate count, total nitrogen, total carbon, extractable acidity (H+) and cations (barium chloride method), and soil bulk X-ray diffraction. Spearman correlation was conducted between the SS/CS value and the tested soil properties. Where the SS/CS value was above 0.1, which showed minimum attachment of the bacteriophage to the soils, the attachment of MS2 was significantly enhanced (p<0.05) by Al (r = - 0.790) and Fe (r = - 0.573), whereas none of the tested elements could significantly enhance the attachment of ØX174. Where the SS/CS value was below 0.1, the attachment of MS2 was significantly inhibited (p<0.05) by H+ (r = 0.764), total nitrogen (r = 0.580) and total carbon (r = 0.713); whereas the attachment of ØX174 was significantly inhibited (p<0.05) only by H+ (r = 0.701).This preliminary result suggested that different bacteriophages may attach to the same soil with different efficiencies, affected by a different set of soil properties.

  18. Investigating Attachment Behaviors of Cryptosporidium Parvum Oocysts Using Collision Efficiency in Laboratory Column Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Y.; Hou, L.; Atwill, R.; Packman, A. I.; Harter, T.

    2009-12-01

    Cryptosporidium is one of the most common enteric parasites of humans and domestic animals, and a number of outbreaks of Cryprosporidiosis, a diarrheal disease caused by Cryptosporidium have been reported worldwide. Natural porous media has been demonstrated to be an effective filter for removing Cryptosporidium parvum from contaminated water and the amount of Cryptosporidium filtered is known to be highly dependent on physical and chemical conditions of the porous media and the water. Cryptosporidium deposition in saturated porous media involves two main steps: approach and attachment. In contrast to the approach mechanisms, attachment processes have not been systematically described to predict a priori because theories that represent attachment behavior (colloid stability) such as DLVO are insufficient to explain experimental data. For this reason, attachment efficiency is calculated based on empirical data, typically experimental breakthrough curves in laboratory columns or field experiments. In this study, collision (attachment) efficiencies (?) of C. parvum oocyst were calculated to test the effect of chemical property changes on the association of oocysts with sand grains. The breakthrough curve data obtained from twelve column experiments and three models were employed to calculate single collector efficiency (?) and ?. The first ten experiments were conducted by changing ionic strength and pH, and mixing with natural sediments under the same physical properties (same ?). Our experiment results show that iron coating or clay/suspended solids mixture drastically enhanced oocyst deposition. The experiments also showed that increase in ionic strength and decrease in pH enhanced the attachment efficiency. However, the experiment with 100mM NaCl resulted in low attachment efficiency and the experiment with pH 8.5 showed similar attachment efficiency to the one at pH 7. Based on the results from two additional experiments with different flow velocities, it appears that attachment efficiency changes when the flow velocity changes, which contradicts CFT. The results prove that predicting attachment efficiency of C. parvum oocyst using ionic strength or pH is inappropriate when non-DLVO interactions are involved. A review of our results and comparison to existing data shows that it is challenging to accurately predict the attachment efficiency using single peak value of breakthrough curve data from geochemical information of porous media.

  19. Spouses’ Attachment Pairings Predict Neuroendocrine, Behavioral, and Psychological Responses to Marital Conflict

    PubMed Central

    Beck, Lindsey A.; Pietromonaco, Paula R.; DeBuse, Casey J.; Powers, Sally I.; Sayer, Aline G.

    2014-01-01

    This research investigated how spouses’ attachment styles jointly contributed to their stress responses. Newlywed couples discussed relationship conflicts. Salivary cortisol indexed physiological stress; observer-rated behaviors indexed behavioral stress; self-reported distress indexed psychological stress. Multilevel modeling tested predictions that couples including one anxious and one avoidant partner or two anxious partners would show distinctive stress responses. As predicted, couples with anxious wives and avoidant husbands showed physiological reactivity in anticipation of conflict: Both spouses showed sharp increases in cortisol, followed by rapid declines. These couples also showed distinctive behaviors during conflict: Anxious wives had difficulty recognizing avoidant husbands’ distress, and avoidant husbands had difficulty approaching anxious wives for support. Contrary to predictions, couples including two anxious partners did not show distinctive stress responses. Findings suggest that the fit between partners’ attachment styles can improve understanding of relationships by specifying conditions under which partners’ attachment characteristics jointly influence individual and relationship outcomes. PMID:23773048

  20. Attachment-style differences in the ability to suppress negative thoughts: exploring the neural correlates.

    PubMed

    Gillath, Omri; Bunge, Silvia A; Shaver, Phillip R; Wendelken, Carter; Mikulincer, Mario

    2005-12-01

    Beginning in infancy, people can be characterized in terms of two dimensions of attachment insecurity: attachment anxiety (i.e., fear of rejection and abandonment) and attachment avoidance (distancing oneself from close others, shunning dependency; Bowlby, J., 1969/1982. Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment, 2nd ed., Basic Books, New York). The capacity for emotion regulation varies with attachment style, such that attachment-anxious individuals become highly emotional when threatened with social rejection or relationship loss, whereas avoidant individuals tend to distance themselves or disengage from emotional situations. In the present study, 20 women participated in an fMRI experiment in which they thought about--and were asked to stop thinking about--various relationship scenarios. When they thought about negative ones (conflict, breakup, death of partner), their level of attachment anxiety was positively correlated with activation in emotion-related areas of the brain (e.g., the anterior temporal pole, implicated in sadness) and inversely correlated with activation in a region associated with emotion regulation (orbitofrontal cortex). This suggests that anxious people react more strongly than non-anxious people to thoughts of loss while under-recruiting brain regions normally used to down-regulate negative emotions. Participants high on avoidance failed to show as much deactivation as less avoidant participants in two brain regions (subcallosal cingulate cortex; lateral prefrontal cortex). This suggests that the avoidant peoples' suppression was less complete or less efficient, in line with results from previous behavioral experiments. These are among the first findings to identify some of the neural processes underlying adult attachment orientations and emotion regulation. PMID:16087352

  1. Effects of early maternal depression on patterns of infant-mother attachment: a meta-analytic investigation.

    PubMed

    Martins, C; Gaffan, E A

    2000-09-01

    We analysed results from seven American and British studies that compared groups of mothers with and without clinically diagnosed depression, and assessed the attachment category of their infants (under 3 years) using the Strange Situation. The samples were predominantly middle-income and free of risk factors other than maternal depression. Meta-analysis using loglinear modelling and standardised residuals showed that the effect of depression on the distribution of infants' attachment was statistically heterogeneous. However, after removing one outlier study, the effect of depression was homogeneous across the remaining six studies. Infants of depressed mothers showed significantly reduced likelihood of secure (B) attachment and marginally raised likelihood of avoidant (A) and disorganised (D) attachment. The first two effects varied considerably in magnitude between studies, whereas the increase in disorganised attachment, from 17% to 28% on average, was consistent. PMID:11039686

  2. Modified transmitter attachment method for adult ducks

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pietz, P.J.; Brandt, D.A.; Krapu, G.L.; Buhl, D.A.

    1995-01-01

    The value of radio telemetry for waterfowl research depends on the availability of suitable methods of attaching transmitters. In previous studies, external transmitters attached to adult Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) with sutures and glue did not stay on birds reliably. In an attempt to improve transmitter retention, a method of attachment was tested in which 4-g transmitters were attached mid-dorsally with sutures and with a stainless steel anchor-shaped wire inserted subcutaneously (anchor transmitters). Field tests indicated that all of 26 female Mallards and 63 of 65 female Gadwalls (Anas strepera) retained their anchor transmitters during 4369 bird-days of monitoring during nesting and brood rearing. Survival rates of females with anchor transmitters compared favorably with those reported from other studies. In this study, females with and without anchor transmitters did not differ with respect to survival rates of their ducklings. The anchor transmitter may be suitable for a variety of field studies on numerous species.

  3. 21 CFR 872.3165 - Precision attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...3165 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3165 Precision attachment. (a) Identification. A...

  4. Attaching Strain Gages to Composite Materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Penn, B.; Clemons, J. M.; Ledbetter, F. E., III; White, W.

    1984-01-01

    Polyurethane adhesive bonds strain gages reliably to graphite/epoxy composites. Adhesive easy to apply, used over wide temperature range (ambient to cryogenic), and applied in short time. Tests on gages bonded to composite with adhesive demonstrated reliability of attachment.

  5. Configurations of polymers attached to probes

    E-print Network

    Bubis, Roy

    We study polymers attached to spherical (circular) or paraboloidal (parabolic) probes in three (two) dimensions. Both self-avoiding and random walks are examined numerically. The behavior of a polymer of size R[subscript ...

  6. Interpersonal violence, drug use, and adult attachment 

    E-print Network

    Murphy, Amy Anne

    2013-02-22

    trauma, and if not, what was the worst thing that had ever happened to them. Sexual trauma was the best predictor of PTSD symptoms, insecure attachment in romantic relationships and friendships, marijuana use, and frequency and amount of alcohol use...

  7. Chemomechanics of attached and suspended cells

    E-print Network

    Maloney, John Mapes

    2012-01-01

    Chemomechanical coupling in single eukaryotic animal cells is investigated in the con- text of the attached (substratum-adhered) and the suspended (free-floating) states. These dichotomous configurations determine behavioral ...

  8. Interpersonal violence, drug use, and adult attachment

    E-print Network

    Murphy, Amy Anne

    2013-02-22

    trauma, and if not, what was the worst thing that had ever happened to them. Sexual trauma was the best predictor of PTSD symptoms, insecure attachment in romantic relationships and friendships, marijuana use, and frequency and amount of alcohol use...

  9. Attachment, Caregiving, and Altruism: Boosting Attachment Security Increases Compassion and Helping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario Mikulincer; Phillip R. Shaver; Omri Gillath; Rachel A. Nitzberg

    2005-01-01

    Recent studies based on J. Bowlby's (1969\\/1982) attachment theory reveal that both dispositional and experimentally enhanced attachment security facilitate cognitive openness and empathy, strengthen self-transcendent values, and foster tolerance of out-group members. Moreover, dispositional attachment security is associated with volunteering to help others in everyday life and to unselfish motives for volunteering. The present article reports 5 experiments, replicated in

  10. Composition and substrate-dependent strength of the silken attachment discs in spiders.

    PubMed

    Grawe, Ingo; Wolff, Jonas O; Gorb, Stanislav N

    2014-09-01

    Araneomorph spiders have evolved different silks with dissimilar material properties, serving different purposes. The two-compound pyriform secretion is used to glue silk threads to substrates or to other threads. It is applied in distinct patterns, called attachment discs. Although ubiquitously found in spider silk applications and hypothesized to be strong and versatile at low material consumption, the performance of attachment discs on different substrates remains unknown. Here, we analyse the detachment forces and fracture mechanics of the attachment discs spun by five different species on three different substrates, by pulling on the upstream part of the attached thread. Results show that although the adhesion of the pyriform glue is heavily affected by the substrate, even on Teflon it is frequently strong enough to hold the spider's weight. As plant surfaces are often difficult to wet, they are hypothesized to be the major driving force for evolution of the pyriform secretion. PMID:25030386

  11. Attachment and Autonomy as Predictors of the Development of Social Skills and Delinquency During Midadolescence

    PubMed Central

    Allen, Joseph P.; Marsh, Penny; McFarland, Christy; McElhaney, Kathleen Boykin; Land, Deborah J.; Jodl, Kathleen M.; Peck, Sheryl

    2006-01-01

    This study examined adolescent attachment organization as a predictor of the development of social skills and delinquent behavior during midadolescence. Delinquent activity and skill levels were assessed for 117 moderately at-risk adolescents at ages 16 and 18, and maternal and adolescent attachment organization and autonomy in interactions were assessed at age 16. Adolescent attachment security predicted relative increases in social skills from age 16 to 18, whereas an insecure–preoccupied attachment organization predicted increasing delinquency during this period. In addition, preoccupied teens interacting with highly autonomous mothers showed greater relative decreases in skill levels and increases in delinquent activity over time, suggesting a heightened risk for deviance among preoccupied teens who may be threatened by growing autonomy in adolescent–parent interactions. PMID:11860056

  12. Maternal employment and infant-mother attachment security at 12 months postpartum.

    PubMed

    Harrison, Linda J; Ungerer, Judy A

    2002-09-01

    This study assessed the association between aspects of mother's employment and security of infant-mother attachment, in combination with proximal (maternal sensitivity) and distal (demographic, maternal, child, child-care) factors. Participants were 145 Australian mothers and their firstborn children. Attachment security was assessed with the Strange Situation at 12 months. Results showed that mothers' prenatal attitudes to work and timing of the return to work made significant, independent contributions to attachment outcomes over and above the effects of proximal and distal predictors. Mothers who expressed more commitment to work and less anxiety about using nonfamily child care, and who returned to work earlier, were more likely to have secure infants. These findings are considered in relation to contemporary expectations about mothers' participation in paid work and other predictors of secure attachment. PMID:12220053

  13. Filesystems for Network-Attached Secure Disks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Garth A. Gibson; David F. Nagle; Khalil Amiri; Fay W. Chang; Howard Gobioff; Erik Riedel; David Rochberg; Jim Zelenka

    1997-01-01

    Network-attached storage enables network-striped data transfers directly between client and storage to pro- vide clients with scalable bandwidth on large transfers. Network-attached storage also decouples policy and enforcement of access control, avoiding unnecessary reverification of protection checks, reducing file manager work and increasing scalability. It eliminates the expense of a server computer devoted to copying data between peripheral network and

  14. Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion

    DOEpatents

    Nelsen, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Luna, Daniel A. (Los Lunas, NM); Gwinn, Kenneth W. (Cedar Crest, NM)

    1998-01-01

    An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening.

  15. Thermal electron attachment to SO3

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, T.M.; Viggiano, A.A.; Arnold, S.T.; Jayne, J.T.

    1995-04-15

    The rate constant for electron attachment to SO3 is 3 + or - 1 x 10(exp-9) cu cm/s at 300 K, measured in helium gas at pressures from 53 to 160 Pa (0.4 to 1.2 torr). The sole product of attachment is SO3(-) under these conditions. The same rate constant and ionic product were obtained at 400 and 505 K. The measurements were carried out using a flowing-afterglow Langmuir-probe apparatus.

  16. Beyond satisfaction: customer attachment to retail banks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdullah Aldlaigan; Francis Buttle

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – This research paper seeks to investigate the different types of attachment that customers develop towards retail banks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach blends literature reviews, in addition to qualitative and quantitative methods. The primary research programme analyses data from seven focus groups, 39 one-on-one interviews and 1,058 individual consumer questionnaires. Findings – Identifies three forms of positive attachment, based

  17. Miniature Reversal Electron-Attachment Detector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chutjian, Ara

    1994-01-01

    Miniature reversal electron-attachment detector (miniREAD) enables direct injection of air or vapor at atmospheric pressure from monitored area into mass-spectrometric instrument to detect explosives, narcotics, or other substances, vapors of which suspected of being present in low concentrations. In comparison with older reversal electron-attachment detector, miniREAD simpler in design; more rugged; and easier to build, repair, and maintain. In addition, probably more sensitive.

  18. Gas turbine disk-blade attachment crack

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David L. Davidson

    2005-01-01

    Evaluation of a gas turbine disk revealed a crack in the blade attachment area. The subsequent effort to understand the origin\\u000a of this crack led to a series of analyses that included computing the stresses on the attachment, characterization of fatigue\\u000a crack growth, and a model for fretting fatigue crack growth. These elements were brought together to simulate the conditions

  19. The missing link: Mothers’ neural response to infant cry related to infant attachment behaviors

    PubMed Central

    Laurent, Heidemarie K.; Ablow, Jennifer C.

    2012-01-01

    This study addresses a gap in the attachment literature by investigating maternal neural response to cry related to infant attachment classifications and behaviors. Twenty-two primiparous mothers and their 18-month old infants completed the Strange Situation Procedure (SS) to elicit attachment behaviors. During a separate functional MRI session, mothers were exposed to their own infant’s cry sound, as well as an unfamiliar infant’s cry and control sound. Maternal neural response to own infant cry related to both overall attachment security and specific infant behaviors. Mothers of less secure infants maintained greater activation to their cry in left parahippocampal and amygdala regions and the right posterior insula. consistent with a negative schematic response bias. Mothers of infants exhibiting more avoidant or contact maintaining behaviors during the SS showed diminished response across left prefrontal, parietal, and cerebellar areas involved in attentional processing and cognitive control. Mothers of infants exhibiting more disorganized behavior showed reduced response in bilateral temporal and subcallosal areas relevant to social cognition and emotion regulation. No differences by attachment classification were found. Implications for attachment transmission models are discussed. PMID:22982277

  20. Continuous monitoring of bacterial attachment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koeing, D. W.; Mishra, S. K.; Pierson, D. L.

    1994-01-01

    A major concern with the Space Station Freedom (SSF) water supply system is the control of longterm microbial contamination and biofilm development in the water storage and distribution systems. These biofilms have the potential for harboring pathogens as well as microbial strains containing resistance factors that could negatively influence crew health. The proposed means for disinfecting the water system on SSF (iodine) may encourage the selection of resistant strains. In fact, biofilm bacteria were observed in water lines from the Space Shuttle Columbia (OV-102); therefore, an alternative remediation method is required to disinfect spacecraft water lines. A thorough understanding of colonization events and the physiological parameters that will influence bacteria adhesion is required. The limiting factor for development of this technology is the ability to continuously monitor adhesion events and the effects of biocides on sessile bacteria. Methods were developed to allow bacterial adhesion and subsequent biocidal treatment to be monitored continuously. This technique couples automated image analysis with a continuous flow of a bacterial suspension through an optical flow cell. A strain of Pseudomonas cepacia isolated from the water supply of the Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103) during STS-39 was grown in a nitrogen-limited continuous culture. This culture was challenged continuously with iodine during growth, and the adhesion characteristics of this strain was measure with regard to flow rate. Various biocides (ozone, hypochlorite, and iodine) were added to the flow stream to evaluate how well each chemical removed the bacteria. After biocide treatment, a fresh bacterial suspension was introduced into the flow cell, and the attachment rate was evaluated on the previously treated surface. This secondary fouling was again treated with biocide to determine the efficacy of multiple batch chemical treatments in removing biofilm.

  1. The Freedom to Choose Secure Attachment Relationships in Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keren, Einat; Mayseless, Ofra

    2013-01-01

    This study was based on the attachment-security hypothesis (H. Latty-Mann & K. E. Davis, 1996) that predicts that all individuals, regardless of attachment style, should demonstrate a preference for secure partners who are most likely to offer attachment security. It was therefore expected that with the transfer of attachment functions from…

  2. Adult Attachment Style and Nonverbal Closeness in Dating Couples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan S. Tucker; Sherry L. Anders

    1998-01-01

    This study examined the nonverbal correlates of attachment style during interaction with a dating partner. Sixty-one heterosexual couples completed a self-report measure of attachment style and then were videotaped while discussing positive aspects of their relationships. The partners' nonverbal behaviors were coded for specific nonverbal cues and qualities theoretically associated with attachment style. A more secure attachment style was generally

  3. Attachment in Adolescence: A Social Relations Model Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buist, Kirsten L.; Dekovic, Maja; Meeus, Wim H.; van Aken, Marcel A. G.

    2004-01-01

    A fundamental question in the study of attachment is the explanation for differences in quality of attachment. In the present study, the Social Relations Model (SRM) was used to examine whether these differences in quality of attachment could be explained by (a) characteristics of the person (actor effect), (b) characteristics of the attachment…

  4. Attachment and the Processing of Social Information in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dykas, Matthew J.; Cassidy, Jude

    2007-01-01

    A key proposition of attachment theory is that experience-based cognitive representations of attachment, often referred to as internal working models of attachment, influence the manner in which individuals process attachment-relevant social information (Bowlby, 1969/1982, 1973, 1980; Bretherton & Munholland, 1999; Main, Kaplan, & Cassidy, 1985).…

  5. Attachment in Institutionalized and Community Children in Romania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeanah, Charles H.; Smyke, Anna T.; Koga, Sebastian F.; Carlson, Elizabeth

    2005-01-01

    This study examined attachment in institutionalized and community children 12-31 months of age in Bucharest, Romania. Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behaviors and ratings of caregiver descriptions in a structured interview. As predicted, children raised in institutions exhibited serious disturbances of attachment as assessed…

  6. Role of Attachment in Response to Pet Loss

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Field, Nigel P.; Orsini, Lisa; Gavish, Roni; Packman, Wendy

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the impact of attachment on grief severity following the death of a pet. Seventy-one participants who had lost a dog or cat within the past year completed a set of measures that included an attachment measure assessing individual differences in attachment anxiety and avoidance, strength of the past attachment to the pet, the…

  7. Development of Lathe Attachment for a CNC Machine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roy, V.; Kumar, S.

    2013-04-01

    A lathe attachment has been developed for an existing CNC machine (installed with rapid prototyping attachment) using conceptual design. The CNC machine operates on mechatronic controls and a computer interface called CAMSOFT, and is used as a CNC Lathe after installing the respective attachment to it. The conceptual design phase, starts from an idea and different components of the lathe are designed as attachment using CAD modelling and is followed by fabrication phase. The lathe attachment is successfully developed and is installed to the CNC machine. The working of the CNC Lathe attachment is checked by making some machining operation like turning and thread cutting. The machining operations are successfully done. The CNC machine becomes multifunctional with the presently developed lathe attachment and the existing RP (rapid prototyping) attachment, and can be used accordingly by installing the respective attachment to it. The CNC machine is useful for carrying research work in both the fields, when installed with the appropriate attachment.

  8. Absorption spectrum of Ca atoms attached to $^4$He nanodroplets

    E-print Network

    Alberto Hernando; Manuel Barranco; Marek Kro?nicki; Ricardo Mayol; Martí Pi

    2007-11-12

    Within density functional theory, we have obtained the structure of $^4$He droplets doped with neutral calcium atoms. These results have been used, in conjunction with newly determined {\\it ab-initio} $^1\\Sigma$ and $^1\\Pi$ Ca-He pair potentials, to address the $4s4p$ $^1$P$_1 \\leftarrow 4s^2$ $^1$S$_0$ transition of the attached Ca atom, finding a fairly good agreement with absorption experimental data. We have studied the drop structure as a function of the position of the Ca atom with respect of the center of mass of the helium moiety. The interplay between the density oscillations arising from the helium intrinsic structure and the density oscillations produced by the impurity in its neighborhood plays a role in the determination of the equilibrium state, and hence in the solvation properties of alkaline earth atoms. In a case of study, the thermal motion of the impurity within the drop surface region has been analyzed in a semi-quantitative way. We have found that, although the atomic shift shows a sizeable dependence on the impurity location, the thermal effect is statistically small, contributing by about a 10% to the line broadening. The structure of vortices attached to the calcium atom has been also addressed, and its effect on the calcium absorption spectrum discussed. At variance with previous theoretical predictions, we conclude that spectroscopic experiments on Ca atoms attached to $^4$He drops will be likely unable to detect the presence of quantized vortices in helium nanodrops.

  9. Lightning attachment patterns and flight conditions for storm hazards, 1980

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fisher, B. D.; Keyser, G. L., Jr.; Deal, P. L.

    1982-01-01

    As part of the NASA Langley Research Center Storm Hazards Program, 69 thunderstorm pentrations were made in 1980 with an F-106B airplane in order to record direct strike lightning data and the associated flight conditions. Ground based weather radar measurements in conjunction with these penetrations were made by NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory in Oklahoma and by NASA Wallops Flight Center in Virginia. In 1980, the airplane received 10 direct lightning strikes; in addition, lightning transient data were recorded from 6 nearby flashes. Following each flight, the airplane was thoroughly inspected for evidence of lightning attachment, and the individual lightning attachment points were plotted on isometric projections of the airplane to identify swept flash patterns. This report presents pilot descriptions of the direct strikes to the airplane, shows the strike attachment patterns that were found, and discusses the implications of the patterns with respect to aircraft protection design. The flight conditions are also included. Finally, the lightning strike scenarios for three U.S. Air Force F-106A airplanes which were struck during routine operations are given in the appendix to this paper.

  10. Students' Group and Member Attachment to Their University: A Construct Validity Study of the University Attachment Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    France, Megan K.; Finney, Sara J.; Swerdzewski, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the psychometric properties of scores from the University Attachment Scale, a measure that operationalizes group and member attachment as two separate dimensions of attachment to a university. A two-factor model was championed over a one-factor model providing evidence of a distinction between university attachment and member…

  11. Mothers of Securely Attached Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Are More Sensitive than Mothers of Insecurely Attached Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koren-Karie, Nina; Oppenheim, David; Dolev, Smadar; Yirmiya, Nurit

    2009-01-01

    In the current study we examined the links between maternal sensitivity and children's secure attachment in a sample of 45 preschool-age boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). We hypothesized that mothers of securely attached children would be more sensitive to their children than mothers of insecurely attached children. Children's attachment…

  12. 8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the Souvenir Program 1867-1967 Ridgely Centennial) Photographer unknown. Circa 1967. VIEW NORTHEAST, SOUTHWEST FRONT Ridgely's centennial was celebrated in 1967 and included in the souvenir brochure was page 30. This view shows the subject building with the 1950 modifications to provide for automotive traffic. It was a print of a current photograph. - 510 Central Avenue (Commercial Building), Ridgely, Caroline County, MD

  13. Gecko Feet: Natural Hairy Attachment Systems for Smart Adhesion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bharat Bhushan

    \\u000a leg attachment pad gecko foot smart adhesion The leg attachment pads of several creatures, including many insects, spiders,\\u000a and lizards, are capable of attaching to a variety of surfaces and are used for locomotion. Geckoes, in particular, have hairy\\u000a attachment the largest mass and have developed the most complex hairy attachment structures capable of smart smart adhesion\\u000a adhesion – the

  14. Predicting children's separation anxiety at age 6: the contributions of infant-mother attachment security, maternal sensitivity, and maternal separation anxiety.

    PubMed

    Dallaire, Danielle Horvath; Weinraub, Marsha

    2005-12-01

    The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the precursors and familial conditions which sustain school-aged children's separation anxiety. In a prospective, longitudinal study of 99 mother-child dyads, infancy measures of infant-mother attachment security, maternal separation anxiety, and maternal sensitivity were used to predict children's self-reported symptoms of separation anxiety at age 6. Insecurely attached children reported more separation anxiety than securely attached children. Insecure-ambivalent children reported marginally more separation anxiety than securely attached children, but not more than insecure-avoidant attached children. Regression analysis showed infant-mother attachment security and mother's sensitivity added uniquely to the prediction of children's separation anxiety, but mother's separation anxiety did not. Mediation tests show that the effect of mother's separation anxiety on children's separation anxiety may be mediated by maternal sensitivity. Research and clinical implications are discussed. PMID:16332583

  15. Attachment and physiological reactivity to infant crying in young adulthood: dissociation between experiential and physiological arousal in insecure adoptees.

    PubMed

    Schoenmaker, Christie; Huffmeijer, Renske; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J; van den Dries, Linda; Linting, Mariëlle; van der Voort, Anja; Juffer, Femmie

    2015-02-01

    The associations between attachment representations of adopted young adults and their experiential and physiological arousal to infant crying were examined. Attachment representations were assessed with the Attachment Script Assessment (ASA), and the young adults listened to infant cries, during which ratings of cry perception were collected and physiological reactivity was measured. Secure adoptees showed a well-integrated response to infant distress: heart-rate increases and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) withdrawal were coupled with heightened perception of urgency in these individuals. In insecure adoptees RSA withdrawal was absent, and a combination of lowered perceived urgency and heightened sympathetic arousal was found, reflecting a deactivating style of emotional reactivity. Overall, our findings support the idea that internal working models of attachment explain individual differences in the way attachment-related information is processed. PMID:25460537

  16. Childhood Sexual Abuse, Attachment, and Trauma Symptoms in College Females: The Moderating Role of Attachment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspelmeier, Jeffery E.; Elliott, Ann N.; Smith, Christopher H.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The present study tests a model linking attachment, childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and adult psychological functioning. It expands on previous work by assessing the degree to which attachment security moderates the relationship between a history of child sexual abuse and trauma-related symptoms in college females. Method: Self-reports of…

  17. Maternal Attachment Representations, Maternal Sensitivity, and the Infant-Mother Attachment Relationship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pederson, David R.; Gleason, Karin E.; Moran, Greg; Bento, Sandi

    1998-01-01

    Examined the mediating role of maternal sensitivity for the association between maternal attachment representations and the quality of infant-mother attachment. Found that autonomous mothers and mothers in secure relationships were more sensitive at home than nonautonomous mothers and mothers in nonsecure relationships, respectively. Infants in…

  18. NASA Hurricane Resource Page

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-12-12

    This National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) hurricane resource page includes the latest news stories from the extraordinary hurricane season of 2005, feature articles, satellite images and biographies of NASA hurricane experts. Two features of this page are a re-creation of the storm season with satellite images of all of the major storms of the season and a satellite image of Katrina showing it from development through landfall. This site also includes links to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) hurricane resources.

  19. Page placement algorithms for large real-indexed caches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard E. Kessler; Mark D. Hill

    1992-01-01

    When a computer system supports both paged virtual memory and large real-indexed caches, cache performance depends in part on the main memory page placement. To date, most operating systems place pages by selecting an arbitrary page frame from a pool of page frames that have been made available by the page replacement algorithm. We give a simple model that shows

  20. Insect attachment on crystalline bioinspired wax surfaces formed by alkanes of varying chain lengths.

    PubMed

    Gorb, Elena; Böhm, Sandro; Jacky, Nadine; Maier, Louis-Philippe; Dening, Kirstin; Pechook, Sasha; Pokroy, Boaz; Gorb, Stanislav

    2014-01-01

    The impeding effect of plant surfaces covered with three-dimensional wax on attachment and locomotion of insects has been shown previously in numerous experimental studies. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different parameters of crystalline wax coverage on insect attachment. We performed traction experiments with the beetle Coccinella septempunctata and pull-off force measurements with artificial adhesive systems (tacky polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres) on bioinspired wax surfaces formed by four alkanes of varying chain lengths (C36H74, C40H82, C44H90, and C50H102). All these highly hydrophobic coatings were composed of crystals having similar morphologies but differing in size and distribution/density, and exhibited different surface roughness. The crystal size (length and thickness) decreased with an increase of the chain length of the alkanes that formed these surfaces, whereas the density of the wax coverage, as well as the surface roughness, showed an opposite relationship. Traction tests demonstrated a significant, up to 30 fold, reduction of insect attachment forces on the wax surfaces when compared with the reference glass sample. Attachment of the beetles to the wax substrates probably relied solely on the performance of adhesive pads. We found no influence of the wax coatings on the subsequent attachment ability of beetles. The obtained data are explained by the reduction of the real contact between the setal tips of the insect adhesive pads and the wax surfaces due to the micro- and nanoscopic roughness introduced by wax crystals. Experiments with polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres showed much higher forces on wax samples when compared to insect attachment forces measured on these surfaces. We explain these results by the differences in material properties between polydimethylsiloxane probes and tenent setae of C. septempunctata beetles. Among wax surfaces, force experiments showed stronger insect attachment and higher pull-off forces of polydimethylsiloxane probes on wax surfaces having a higher density of wax coverage, created by smaller crystals. PMID:25161838

  1. Graphene oxide immobilized enzymes show high thermal and solvent stability.

    PubMed

    Hermanová, So?a; Zarevúcká, Marie; Bouša, Daniel; Pumera, Martin; Sofer, Zden?k

    2015-03-19

    The thermal and solvent tolerance of enzymes is highly important for their industrial use. We show here that the enzyme lipase from Rhizopus oryzae exhibits exceptionally high thermal stability and high solvent tolerance and even increased activity in acetone when immobilized onto a graphene oxide (GO) nanosupport prepared by Staudenmaier and Brodie methods. We studied various forms of immobilization of the enzyme: by physical adsorption, covalent attachment, and additional crosslinking. The activity recovery was shown to be dependent on the support type, enzyme loading and immobilization procedure. Covalently immobilized lipase showed significantly better resistance to heat inactivation (the activity recovery was 65% at 70 °C) in comparison with the soluble counterpart (the activity recovery was 65% at 40 °C). Physically adsorbed lipase achieved over 100% of the initial activity in a series of organic solvents. These findings, showing enhanced thermal stability and solvent tolerance of graphene oxide immobilized enzyme, will have a profound impact on practical industrial scale uses of enzymes for the conversion of lipids into fuels. PMID:25757536

  2. Overview for Attached Payload Accommodations and Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schaffer, Craig; Cook, Gene; Nabizadeh, Rodney; Phillion, James

    2007-01-01

    External payload accommodations are provided at attach sites on the U.S provided ELC, U.S. Truss, the Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility (JEM EF) and the Columbus EPF (External Payload Facilities). The Integrated Truss Segment (ITS) provides the backbone structure for the ISS. It attaches the solar and thermal control arrays to the rest of the complex, and houses cable distribution trays Extravehicular Activity (EVA) support equipment such as handholds and lighting; and providing for Extravehicular Robotic (EVR) accommodations using the Mobile Servicing System (MSS). It also provides logistics and maintenance, and payload attachment sites. The attachment sites accommodate logistics and maintenance and payloads carriers, zenith and nadir. The JEM-EF, a back porch-like attachment to the JEM Pressurized Module, accommodates up to eight payloads, which can be serviced by the crew via the JEM PM's airlock and dedicated robotic arm. The Columbus-EPF is another porch-like platform that can accommodate two zenith and two nadir looking payloads.

  3. Ultrasonic device for measuring periodontal attachment levels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lynch, J. E.; Hinders, M. K.

    2002-07-01

    Periodontal disease is manifested clinically by a degradation of the ligament that attaches the tooth to the bone. The most widely used diagnostic tool for assessment of periodontal diseases, measurement of periodontal attachment loss with a manual probe, may overestimate attachment loss by as much as 2 mm in untreated sites, while underestimating attachment loss by an even greater margin following treatment. Manual probing is also invasive, which causes patient discomfort. This work describes the development and testing of an ultrasonographic periodontal probe designed to replace manual probing. It uses a thin stream of water to project an ultrasonic beam into the periodontal pocket, and then measures echoes off features within the pocket. To do so, the ultrasonic beam must be narrowed from 2 (the diameter of the transducer) to 0.5 mm (the approximate width of the periodontal pocket at the gingival margin). The proper choice of transducer frequency, the proper method for controlling water flow from the probe, and a model for interpreting these echoes are also addressed. Initial results indicate that the device measures echoes from the hard tissue of the tooth surface, and that the periodontal attachment level can be inferred from these echoes.

  4. F-15B in flight showing Supersonic Natural Laminar Flow (SS-NLF) experiment attached vertically to t

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    In-flight photo of the F-15B equipped with the Supersonic Natural Laminar Flow (SS-NLF) experiment. During four research flights, laminar flow was achieved over 80 percent of the test wing at speeds approaching Mach 2. This was accomplished as the sole result of the shape of the wing, without the use of suction gloves, such as on the F-16XL. Laminar flow is a condition in which air passes over a wing in smooth layers, rather than being turbulent The greater the area of laminar flow, the lower the amount of friction drag on the wing, thus increasing an aircraft's range and fuel economy. Increasing the area of laminar flow on a wing has been the subject of research by engineers since the late 1940s, but substantial success has proven elusive. The SS-NLF experiment was intended to provide engineers with the data by which to design natural laminar flow wings.

  5. F-15B on ramp showing closeup of the Supersonic Natural Laminar Flow (SS-NLF) experiment attached ve

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    A close up of the Supersonic Natural Laminar Flow (SS-NLF) experiment on the F-15B. The wing shape - designed by the Reno Aeronautical Corp. - had only minimal sweep and a short span. The low sweep angle gave this airfoil better take off and landing characteristics, as well as better subsonic cruise efficiency, than wings with a greater sweep angle. Engineers had reason to believe that improvements in aerodynamic efficiency from supersonic natural laminar flow might actually render a supersonic aircraft more economical to operate than slower, subsonic designs. To gather substantiate data, the SS-NLF experiment used an advanced, non-intrusive collection technique. Rather than instrumentation built into the wing, a high resolution infrared camera mounted on the F-15B fuselage recorded the data, a system with possible applications for future research aircraft.

  6. A case study showing how one young child represented issues concerned with attachment and separation in her spontaneous explorations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cath Arnold

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of a young child, demonstrating evidence of a connection between enveloping objects and understanding presence and absence of a temporary and permanent nature. The starting point for the researcher was: an interest in identifying schemas or repeated patterns in order to understand cognitive development and; a curiosity as to why young children explore certain

  7. A Case Study Showing How One Young Child Represented Issues Concerned with Attachment and Separation in Her Spontaneous Explorations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Cath

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of a young child, demonstrating evidence of a connection between "enveloping" objects and understanding presence and absence of a temporary and permanent nature. The starting point for the researcher was: an interest in identifying schemas or repeated patterns in order to understand cognitive development and; a…

  8. Effect of hydroxyl group attachment on TiO2 films for dye-sensitized solar cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Subramanian, Alagesan; Wang, Hong-Wen

    2012-08-01

    The effect of hydroxyl group attachment on the nanocrystalline TiO2 photoelectrodes for the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) was investigated. The photoelectrodes were prepared using commercial TiO2 nanoparticles (Degussa P25). Hydroxyl groups were attached to the TiO2 film using hydrogen peroxide by thermal treatment method and the OH-attached sample was compared with the untreated one. The FTIR spectra evidenced the presence of hydroxyl groups attached to the TiO2 nanoparticles. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the sample treated with hydrogen peroxide was attached with higher weight percentage of hydroxyl groups. The photovoltaic characteristics of the as-prepared DSSCs were measured by an electrochemical analyzer under the standard AM 1.5 illumination of 100 mW/cm2 light source. The hydroxyl groups attached sample showed an enhanced performance of DSSC than that of the blank P25 film. It shows that higher amount of dye was adsorbed due to the surface hydroxyl groups on the H2O2-treated samples. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurement indicated that the electron lifetime for the H2O2-treated sample was longer than that of the untreated sample. The higher dye loading due to the attached hydroxyl groups on the sample was confirmed using UV-vis measurement.

  9. Teaching Students to Show, Not Tell

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spitzer, Mark

    2012-01-01

    In his epic poem "A Season in Hell," the surly French poet Arthur Rimbaud proposes that the Devil likes writing that lacks "descriptive" qualities. Rimbaud then makes a stand in favor of descriptive writing by offering "these hideous pages from [his] notes of the damned." The author would not go so far as to say that nondescriptive writing is evil…

  10. Employer's Report of Injury or Occupational Disease HPaWS, Human Resource Services Page 1 of 3 September 2013

    E-print Network

    Machel, Hans

    Employer's Report of Injury or Occupational Disease HPaWS, Human Resource Services Page 1 of 3, please attach a letter. Letter attached? Yes No D. Injury or Occupational Disease Information 1. Did a separate sheet. Print #12;Employer's Report of Injury or Occupational Disease HPaWS, Human Resource

  11. APPENDIX G, Page G1Page G2

    E-print Network

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    APPENDIX G, Page G1Page G2 #12;Page G3 #12;Page G4 #12;Page G5 #12;Page G6 #12;Page G7 #12;Page G8 #12;Page G9 #12;Page G10 #12;Page G11 #12;Page G12 #12;Page G13 #12;Page G14 #12;Page G15 #12;Page G16 #12;Page G17 #12;Page G18 #12;Page G19 #12;Page G20 #12;Page G21 #12;Page G22 #12;Page G23 #12;Page G

  12. Magnetically Attached Multifunction Maintenance Rover

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Joffe, Benjamin

    2005-01-01

    A versatile mobile telerobot, denoted the magnetically attached multifunction maintenance rover (MAGMER), has been proposed for use in the inspection and maintenance of the surfaces of ships, tanks containing petrochemicals, and other large ferromagnetic structures. As its name suggests, this robot would utilize magnetic attraction to adhere to a structure. As it moved along the surface of the structure, the MAGMER would perform tasks that could include close-up visual inspection by use of video cameras, various sensors, and/or removal of paint by water-jet blasting, laser heating, or induction heating. The water-jet nozzles would be mounted coaxially within compressed-air-powered venturi nozzles that would collect the paint debris dislodged by the jets. The MAGMER would be deployed, powered, and controlled from a truck, to which it would be connected by hoses for water, compressed air, and collection of debris and by cables for electric power and communication (see Figure 1). The operation of the MAGMER on a typical large structure would necessitate the use of long cables and hoses, which can be heavy. To reduce the load of the hoses and cables on the MAGMER and thereby ensure its ability to adhere to vertical and overhanging surfaces, the hoses and cables would be paid out through telescopic booms that would be parts of a MAGMER support system. The MAGMER would move by use of four motorized, steerable wheels, each of which would be mounted in an assembly that would include permanent magnets and four pole pieces (see Figure 2). The wheels would protrude from between the pole pieces by only about 3 mm, so that the gap between the pole pieces and the ferromagnetic surface would be just large enough to permit motion along the surface but not so large as to reduce the magnetic attraction excessively. In addition to the wheel assemblies, the MAGMER would include magnetic adherence enhancement fixtures, which would comprise arrays of permanent magnets and pole pieces that could be adjusted to maximize or minimize the overall attractive magnetic force. Even with a paint thickness of 2 mm, a preliminary design provides a safety factor of 5 in the magnetic force in the upside- down, water-jets-operating condition, in which the total load (including the weight of the MAGMER and cables and the water-jet force) would be about 260 lb (the weight of 118 kg). Optionally, the MAGMER could carry magnetic shielding and/or could be equipped with a demagnetizing module to remove residual magnetism from the structure. The MAGMER would carry four charge-coupled-device cameras for visual inspection, monitoring of operation, navigation, and avoidance of collisions with obstacles. The control system of the MAGMER would include navigation and collision-avoidance subsystems that would utilize surface features as landmarks, in addition to direct images of obstacles.

  13. University of Florida Bee College Honey Show

    E-print Network

    Jawitz, James W.

    University of Florida Bee College Honey Show A REMINDER TO JUDGES 1. Judging will begin promptly or the Honey Show Manager only. 3. The Show will provide color grading glasses if required, towel, basin equipment (see judges checklist). For cake judging, knifes will be provided by the Honey Show Manager. 4

  14. Summary of Attached Inflatable Decelerator (AID) Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    Summary of Attached Inflatable Decelerator (AID) Development. Attached inflatable decelerators (AID) were tested in an environmental chamber, a spin tunnel, and a wind tunnel. Deployment tests were conducted in environmental chamber to examine guided and unguided water alcohol vapor inflation. Subsonic performance tests were conducted in the spin tunnel. The full-scale wind tunnel was used for AID gust and supersonic performance tests. The supersonic tests were conducted at Mach number 3.0 with 12 ounces of fluid and Mach number 2.2 with six ounces of fluid. [Entire movie available on DVD from CASI as Doc ID 20070030992. Contact help@sti.nasa.gov

  15. Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion

    DOEpatents

    Nelsen, J.M.; Luna, D.A.; Gwinn, K.W.

    1998-12-08

    An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening. 22 figs.

  16. Dissociation dynamics in the dissociative electron attachment to carbon dioxide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nag, Pamir; Nandi, Dhananjay

    2015-05-01

    Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to gas phase CO2 has been probed using a velocity slice imaging technique. DEA to CO2 produces only an O- ionic fragment and shows two major resonances located at 4.4 and 8.2 eV, respectively. The kinetic energy and angular distribution of the O- ions are measured around the second resonance with higher efficiency and sensitivity that provide details of the DEA dynamics. The kinetic energy distributions are in good agreement with the previous reports. However, the distinct angular distributions show substantial difference from the two recent studies within the limited electron energies. Our angular distribution results show two negative ion resonant states are involved in the underlying DEA process at the entire electron energies over the second resonance. We discussed the recent conflicting findings in the angular distribution results. The forward-backward asymmetry observed in the angular distributions is explained due to the interference effect of different partial waves associated with the attaching electron.

  17. Elman Page 40 Elman Page 39

    E-print Network

    Alishahi, Afra

    | who VP ( NP ) N boy | girl | cat | dog | boys | girls | cats | dogs PropN John | Mary V chase;Elman Page 38 #12;Elman Page 37 #12;Elman Page 36 #12;Elman Page 35 boy boys hears hear boys] s boy] s #12;Elman Page 34 Eigenvector Eigenvalue 0 20 40 60 0.00.51.01.5 #12;Elman Page 33 (d) (f) (e) boys

  18. Exploration of the role of attachment in the relationship between trauma and distress in psychosis 

    E-print Network

    Clark, Lucy Victoria

    2013-07-02

    Background: Attachment literature indicates attachment status is related to trauma with associations between early trauma and insecure attachment. Links between psychosis and trauma have been established within the ...

  19. Vibrio cholerae use pili and flagella synergistically to effect motility switching and conditional surface attachment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Utada, Andrew S.; Bennett, Rachel R.; Fong, Jiunn C. N.; Gibiansky, Maxsim L.; Yildiz, Fitnat H.; Golestanian, Ramin; Wong, Gerard C. L.

    2014-09-01

    We show that Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, use their flagella and mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (MSHA) type IV pili synergistically to switch between two complementary motility states that together facilitate surface selection and attachment. Flagellar rotation counter-rotates the cell body, causing MSHA pili to have periodic mechanical contact with the surface for surface-skimming cells. Using tracking algorithms at 5?ms resolution we observe two motility behaviours: ‘roaming', characterized by meandering trajectories, and ‘orbiting’, characterized by repetitive high-curvature orbits. We develop a hydrodynamic model showing that these phenotypes result from a nonlinear relationship between trajectory shape and frictional forces between pili and the surface: strong pili–surface interactions generate orbiting motion, increasing the local bacterial loiter time. Time-lapse imaging reveals how only orbiting mode cells can attach irreversibly and form microcolonies. These observations suggest that MSHA pili are crucial for surface selection, irreversible attachment, and ultimately microcolony formation.

  20. The relationship between women’s attachment style and perinatal mood disturbance: implications for screening and treatment

    PubMed Central

    Monk, Catherine; Leight, Kristin L.; Fang, Yixin

    2015-01-01

    To investigate women’s attachment style in relation to risk for pregnancy-specific distress and perinatal depression. During the 2nd trimester, 186 women were evaluated for Axis I psychiatric disorders. In the 3rd trimester they self-reported: attachment style, pregnancy experience, current life stress, and symptoms of depression and anxiety. At 4 months post partum, a sub-sample of them (n=56) repeated the self-report questionnaires. Wariness of attachments (high on fear dimension) was associated with greater ‘hassles’ compared to ‘uplifts’ in the assessment of pregnancy (r=0.31, p?0.001) while attachment security was negatively related to this ratio (r=?0.31, p?0.001). Healthy women, versus women with a psychiatric diagnosis, scored higher on security (t=(150) ?3.47, p?0.001) and lower on attachment fear (t=(150) ?2.32, p?0.05). Using multiple regression models, there was a significant main effect of fearful attachment style on prenatal depressive symptoms (ß=1.7, p?0.05), and of fearful and secure attachment styles for postpartum depression (ß=?2.88, p?0.05, ß=?3.78, p?0.05, respectively), even in the context of other known risk factors (in the two models, F(8, 106)=29.33, p?0.0001, F(3, 33)=10.85, p?0.0001, respectively). A hierarchical regression showed that attachment security uniquely contributed to the risk for postpartum depression, beyond depression during pregnancy (R2 change from 0.25 to 0.35). An approach to perinatal psychiatric disorders that includes psychological factors such as attachment could improve screening, and provide pregnant women with specifically-tailored psychosocial interventions focused on modifying attachment schemas. PMID:18493708

  1. The Association between Attachment and Mental Health Symptoms among School-Going Adolescents in Northern Uganda: The Moderating Role of War-Related Trauma

    PubMed Central

    Okello, James; Nakimuli-Mpungu, Etheldreda; Musisi, Seggane; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

    2014-01-01

    Background The association between attachment and mental health symptoms in adolescents in a post-conflict low resource setting has not been documented. Methods We investigated the relationship between parent and peer attachment and posttraumatic stress, depression and anxiety symptoms in a sample of 551 adolescents aged 13–21 years old. Attachment quality was assessed using the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA). Post-traumatic stress, depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Impact of Events Scale Revised (IESR) and Hopkins Symptom Checklist for Adolescents (HSCL-37A) respectively. Gender differences in attachment relationships were determined using independent t-tests. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess whether attachment relationships were independently associated with posttraumatic stress, depression and anxiety symptoms. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were conducted to explore the moderating role of war-related trauma. Results Our analyses revealed gender differences in attachment to parents, with males reporting stronger attachment than females. Parental attachment was protective against depression and anxiety symptoms but not posttraumatic stress symptoms after adjusting for potential confounders. Alienation by parents was independently associated with an increase in these mental health symptoms while peer attachment was not associated with any of these symptoms. However, in situations of severe trauma, our analyses showed that peer attachment was significantly protective against post-traumatic stress symptoms. Conclusions Secure parental attachment is associated with better psychosocial adjustment in adolescents affected by war. Further, adolescents with secure peer attachment relationships in situations of severe war trauma may be less likely to develop posttraumatic stress symptoms. Interventions to enhance peer support in this post conflict setting would benefit this vulnerable population. PMID:24614005

  2. Histological patterns of the intestinal attachment of Corynosoma australe (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) in Arctocephalus australis (Mammalia: Pinnipedia).

    PubMed

    Silva, Renato Z; Pereira, Joaber; Cousin, João Carlos B

    2014-12-01

    The mucosal attachment pattern of Corynosoma australe in the intestines of Arctocephalus australis is described. Normal and abnormal tissue were sampled from 32 hosts to be submitted to histological routine protocol to embedding in paraffin and permanent mounting in balsam. Corynosoma australe shows three different degrees of body depth intestinal attachment (BDINA-1-3). BDINA-1: it is exclusive of the small intestine and the parasite attaches on the villi; BDINA-2: parasite affects the Lieberkühn crypts in several depth levels and, BDINA-3: the parasite reaches the submucosa. These attachment patterns alter the mucosa by degeneration and dysfunction due to necrosis of mucosal structure, great quantities of cellular debris and significant reduction of the mucosal thickness. Other aspects are crater-like concave holes (CLCHs) as sites where C. australe could be attached-detached several times according to adult migratory processes within luminal intestine space. The submucosa shows edema probably due to the local mucosal alterations resulting in homeostatic break. There is no severe inflammatory response by host but BDINA-1 to BDINA-3 and CLCH could represent foci to secondary opportunistic infections and significant areas of malabsorption in severally infected hosts contributing to increase clinical signs of preexistent pathologies. PMID:25320494

  3. Preschool ambivalent attachment associated with a lack of vagal withdrawal in response to stress.

    PubMed

    Paret, Laura; Bailey, Heidi N; Roche, Jacqueline; Bureau, Jean-François; Moran, Greg

    2015-01-01

    The goal of the present study was to examine how quality of the child-caregiver attachment relationship related to children's cardiac vagal reactivity in response to a novel social stressor. Children's (N = 48; M age = 3 years 9 months) cardiac data were collected as they participated in an ambiguous and potentially threatening social situation together with their mothers. Their degree of behavioral inhibition also was observed. Attachment classifications were assessed separately. Children classified as Secure showed vagal withdrawal from baseline to the stressor, whereas children classified as Ambivalent did not show vagal withdrawal in response to the stressor. There was a marginally significant moderation of attachment-related differences in vagal withdrawal by level of behavioral inhibition. Among highly behaviorally inhibited children, those classified as Ambivalent demonstrated little or no vagal withdrawal compared to their Secure counterparts. In contrast, no attachment-related differences were found among those who appeared less behaviorally inhibited. Findings are discussed in relation to children's emerging self-regulation skills in the context of their attachment relationship. PMID:25319357

  4. Attachment of Toxoplasma gondii to host cells involves major surface protein, SAG-1 (P30).

    PubMed

    Mineo, J R; Kasper, L H

    1994-08-01

    Previous observations have demonstrated that monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies directed at SAG-1, the major surface protein of Toxoplasma gondii, decreased the number of T. gondii that infected fibroblast monolayers. Direct evaluation of parasite-host cell attachment using glutaraldehyde-fixed human fibroblasts and live tachyzoites was performed to determine whether SAG-1 was a ligand for the host cell receptor. The interaction between the fixed cells and T. gondii was specific and saturable as determined by a radioisotope competitive binding assay. Moreover, the specificity of this interaction was confirmed by comparison to another member of the Apicomplexa, Besnoitia jellisoni. Treatment of fresh extracellular T. gondii with rabbit polyclonal anti-SAG-1 serum inhibited parasite attachment to host cells by 71%. A monoclonal antibody (6A8) directed at SAG-1 was able to inhibit parasite binding to fixed host cells by 65%. Other mAb's directed at SAG-1 failed to inhibit parasite attachment in this assay. Fab derived from 6A8 mAb showed dose-dependent inhibition of parasite attachment. At an Fab concentration of 25 micrograms/ml, 47% inhibition was observed. Attachment assays using mutant parasites with defective SAG-1 (PTgA and PTgC) showed significantly reduced binding (26 and 39%) when compared to wild-type (SAG-1+) parentals. Taken together, these observations suggest that SAG-1 is an important parasite ligand that binds to the host cell in the process of T. gondii invasion. PMID:8050521

  5. New Hampshire Guide 4-H Dog Shows

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    New Hampshire Guide to 4-H Dog Shows UNH Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth Development Moiles House cooperating. #12;NH Guide to 4-H Dog Shows i Table of Contents INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................2 Purpose of the 4-H Dog Project

  6. Flat Globe: Showing the Changing Seasons

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jesse Allen

    1998-09-09

    SeaWiFS false color data showing seasonal change in the oceans and on land for the entire globe. The data is seasonally averaged, and shows the sequence: fall, winter, spring, summer, fall, winter, spring (for the Northern Hemisphere).

  7. Quantization of a string with attached mass

    E-print Network

    A. Lewis Licht

    2011-08-02

    A simple model of a relativistic open string with a point mass attached at one end is quantized. The normal modes are derived and used to construct expressions for the operator commutators. Light cone gauge is used to find the mass squared operator. The singular part of the operator product expansion is derived.

  8. Surface attachment induces Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence

    PubMed Central

    Siryaporn, Albert; Kuchma, Sherry L.; O’Toole, George A.; Gitai, Zemer

    2014-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa infects every type of host that has been examined by deploying multiple virulence factors. Previous studies of virulence regulation have largely focused on chemical cues, but P. aeruginosa may also respond to mechanical cues. Using a rapid imaging-based virulence assay, we demonstrate that P. aeruginosa activates virulence in response to attachment to a range of chemically distinct surfaces, suggesting that this bacterial species responds to mechanical properties of its substrates. Surface-activated virulence requires quorum sensing, but activating quorum sensing does not induce virulence without surface attachment. The activation of virulence by surfaces also requires the surface-exposed protein PilY1, which has a domain homologous to a eukaryotic mechanosensor. Specific mutation of the putative PilY1 mechanosensory domain is sufficient to induce virulence in non–surface-attached cells, suggesting that PilY1 mediates surface mechanotransduction. Triggering virulence only when cells are both at high density and attached to a surface—two host-nonspecific cues—explains how P. aeruginosa precisely regulates virulence while maintaining broad host specificity. PMID:25385640

  9. Attachment and interpersonal communication in somatization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SCOTT STUART; RUSSELL NOYES

    1999-01-01

    The authors review the research on childhood antecedents and personality contributions to the somatoform disorders, as well as research on social influences during adulthood. Based on these data, the authors hypothesize that somatizing patients display anxious attachment behavior that derives from childhood experiences with caregivers. Early exposure to illness increases the likeli- hood that distress will be manifested somatically. When

  10. BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS Opioids and Attachment in

    E-print Network

    Maestripieri, Dario

    BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS Opioids and Attachment in Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) Abusive Mothers Maestripieri University of Chicago This study investigated the role of the endogenous opioid system in maternal parenting. Eighteen mothers received an injection of the opioid antagonist naltrexone or saline for 5 days

  11. No Strings Attached: Open Source Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredricks, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    Imagine downloading a new software application and not having to worry about licensing, finding dollars in the budget, or incurring additional maintenance costs. Imagine finding a Web design tool in the public domain--free for use. Imagine major universities that provide online courses with no strings attached. Imagine online textbooks without a…

  12. Platinum attachments on iron oxide nanoparticle surfaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soubantika Palchoudhury; Yaolin Xu; Wei An; C. Heath Turner; Yuping Bao

    2010-01-01

    Platinum nanoparticles supported on metal oxide surfaces have shown great potential as heterogeneous catalysts to accelerate electrochemical processes, such as the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Recently, the use of magnetic supports has become a promising research topic for easy separation and recovery of catalysts using magnets, such as Pt nanoparticles supported on iron oxide nanoparticles. The attachment of

  13. Place Attachment Advances in Theory, Methods and

    E-print Network

    Fried, Jeremy S.

    Place Attachment Advances in Theory, Methods and Applications Edited by Lynne C. Manzo and Patrick to cohere into a widely accepted trans-disciplinary theory (Patterson & Williams, 2005). Place represents to highlight two early themes that still shape research methods on people-place relationships as a central

  14. ATTACHMENT B Payee Data Record Form

    E-print Network

    ATTACHMENT B Payee Data Record Form #12;STATE OF CALIFORNIA-DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE PAYEE DATA RECORD-mail Address: 1 2 3 4 5 6 ClearPrint #12;STATE OF CALIFORNIA-DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE PAYEE DATA RECORD STD. 204 (Rev. 6-2003) (REVERSE) 1 Requirement to Complete Payee Data Record, STD. 204 A completed Payee Data

  15. Combustion chamber floatwall panel attachment arrangement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. J. Griffin

    1984-01-01

    The abstract discloses an attachment arrangement in a combustion chamber of a gas turbine powerplant, having a double wall structure formed by a separate combustor shell and at least one floatwall panel. The arrangement includes a pair of hook-like projections protruding from the panel and through the shell and a pair of thin plates for interengaging the hook-like projections on

  16. Multidimensional Scaling of Attachments and Relationship Loss.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarnai, John

    Despite revived interest in the study of relationships, the effect of loss of relationships in adulthood has lacked empirical study. To examine the dimensions underlying peoples' conceptions of their attachments in relationships and their reactions to the loss of relationships, 53 college students (31 females, 22 males) completed a questionnaire…

  17. Hidden Regulators in Attachment, Separation, and Loss.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofer, Myron A.

    1994-01-01

    This essay discusses the similarities between animal behavior and human attachment behavior demonstrated by infants and their mothers. The provision of warmth, the tactile and olfactory stimulation of the mother's physical interactions, and the oral sensory and absorptive consequences of nursing are found to provide specific and independent…

  18. Attachment A Clery Act Reportable Crimes / Definitions

    E-print Network

    Shahriar, Selim

    Attachment A Clery Act Reportable Crimes / Definitions Clery Act Crimes (Section 1) Murder. ______________________________________________________________ Clery Act Hate Crimes (Section 3) Hate Crimes A criminal act involving one/more of the crimes listed in Section 1, the crimes of Theft, Simple Assault, Intimidation or Vandalism, or any other crime involving

  19. Emotional Determinants of Infant-Mother Attachment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Izard, Carroll E.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Mothers' emotion and personality characteristics were assessed by behavior ratings and self-reports; infants' characteristics by maternal reports and objective coding. Security of infant-mother attachment in the Ainsworth Strange Situation was predicted by mothers' emotional experience, expressive behavior, and personality traits, and by infants'…

  20. Pre-Lingual Communication and Attachment Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Modarressi, Taghi; McCulloch, Duncan

    Infant's crying may have an important mediating role in the formation of attachment behavior. The earliest vocalizations are discussed in terms of an acoustic communications model in which the baby's vocal repertoire becomes incorporated into a closed-loop, feedback system with his mother. Certain pre-lingual "signals" may be associated with those…

  1. Exploring Children's Expressions of Attachment in Nursery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elfer, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Whilst there is broad consensus that the emotional responsiveness and sensitivity of staff are of high importance in interactions with babies and young children in nursery, there is not consensus about how far interactions should be organised to facilitate attachments with particular staff. This paper brings the "child's voice" into this debate by…

  2. Omnidirectional Vision Attachment for Medical Endoscopes

    E-print Network

    Sagawa, Ryusuke

    such that an affected area could be overlooked since the gastrointestinal system is intricate and the inside shaped that the field behind an endoscope tip can be observed using the attachment. 1 Introduction Examining digestive of the most common methods for digestive disease investigations. The numbers of examinations are about 5, 6

  3. Inside Gun Shows What Goes On

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Inside Gun Shows What Goes On When Everybody Thinks Nobody's Watching Epilogue #12;Inside Gun Shows;Epilogue In February 2010, I attended a Crossroads of the West gun show at the Arizona State Fairgrounds here an update on each of the Phoenix obser- vations made in the photo-essay portion of Inside Gun

  4. Inside Gun Shows What Goes On

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Preface Inside Gun Shows What Goes On When Everybody Thinks Nobody's Watching #12;#12;Inside Gun-Violence Effort. She put gun shows on my radar and is an ace straw-purchase spotter. Thanks also to Barbara Claire a great public institution. He was right. #12;Contents Preface Executive Summary Gun Shows in Context How

  5. Inside Gun Shows What Goes On

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Danh

    Inside Gun Shows What Goes On When Everybody Thinks Nobody's Watching Executive Summary #12;Inside Gun Shows What Goes on When Everybody Thinks Nobody's Watching Garen Wintemute, MD, MPH Violence;Executive Summary Gun shows are surrounded by controversy. On the one hand, they are important economic

  6. 8 CFR 333.2 - Attachment of photographs to documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Attachment of photographs to documents. 333.2 Section 333.2...SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS § 333.2 Attachment of photographs to documents. A photograph of the...

  7. 18 CFR 385.1013 - Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). 385.1013 Section 385...Commission Review of Adjustment Request Denials § 385.1013 Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). (a) Each party...

  8. 32 CFR Attachment 3 to Part 2800 - Sample

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sample 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...UNITED STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES Pt. 2800, Att. 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800—Sample...

  9. 18 CFR 385.1013 - Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). 385.1013 Section 385...Commission Review of Adjustment Request Denials § 385.1013 Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). (a) Each party...

  10. 32 CFR Attachment 3 to Part 2800 - Sample

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sample 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...UNITED STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES Pt. 2800, Att. 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800—Sample...

  11. 18 CFR 385.1013 - Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). 385.1013 Section 385...Commission Review of Adjustment Request Denials § 385.1013 Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). (a) Each party...

  12. Neural network architectures for Prepositional Phrase attachment disambiguation

    E-print Network

    Belinkov, Yonatan

    2014-01-01

    This thesis addresses the problem of Prepositional Phrase (PP) attachment disambiguation, a key challenge in syntactic parsing. In natural language sentences, a PP may often be attached to several possible candidates. While ...

  13. 8 CFR 333.2 - Attachment of photographs to documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Attachment of photographs to documents. 333.2 Section 333.2...SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS § 333.2 Attachment of photographs to documents. A photograph of the...

  14. 32 CFR Attachment 3 to Part 2800 - Sample

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sample 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...UNITED STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES Pt. 2800, Att. 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800—Sample...

  15. 8 CFR 333.2 - Attachment of photographs to documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Attachment of photographs to documents. 333.2 Section 333.2...SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS § 333.2 Attachment of photographs to documents. A photograph of the...

  16. Attachment in adults with high-functioning autism.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Emma L; Target, Mary; Charman, Tony

    2008-06-01

    This study assessed attachment security in adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; George, Kaplan, & Main, 1996). Of 20 participants, three were classified as securely attached, the same proportion as would be expected in a general clinical sample. Participants' AAIs were less coherent and lower in reflective function than those of controls, who were matched for attachment status and mood disorder. A parallel interview suggested that some aspects of participants' responses were influenced by their general discourse style, while other AAI scale scores appeared to reflect their state of mind with respect to attachment more specifically. There was little evidence that attachment security was related to IQ, autistic symptomatology or theory of mind. This study suggests that adults with autism can engage with the AAI and produce scoreable narratives of their attachment experiences, and a minority demonstrate secure attachment. PMID:18773316

  17. 30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to machines in a suitable manner to...

  18. 30 CFR 57.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to...

  19. 30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to machines in a suitable manner to...

  20. 32 CFR Attachment 3 to Part 2800 - Sample

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sample 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...UNITED STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES Pt. 2800, Att. 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800—Sample...

  1. 32 CFR Attachment 2 to Part 2800 - Security Termination Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Security Termination Statement 2 Attachment 2 to Part 2800 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...UNITED STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES Pt. 2800, Att. 2 Attachment 2 to Part 2800—Security Termination Statement...

  2. 18 CFR 385.1013 - Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). 385.1013 Section 385...Commission Review of Adjustment Request Denials § 385.1013 Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). (a) Each party...

  3. 8 CFR 333.2 - Attachment of photographs to documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Attachment of photographs to documents. 333.2 Section 333.2...SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS § 333.2 Attachment of photographs to documents. A signed...

  4. 32 CFR Attachment 2 to Part 2800 - Security Termination Statement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Security Termination Statement 2 Attachment 2 to Part 2800 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...UNITED STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES Pt. 2800, Att. 2 Attachment 2 to Part 2800—Security Termination Statement...

  5. 32 CFR Attachment 3 to Part 2800 - Sample

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sample 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...UNITED STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES Pt. 2800, Att. 3 Attachment 3 to Part 2800—Sample...

  6. 18 CFR 385.1013 - Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). 385.1013 Section 385...Commission Review of Adjustment Request Denials § 385.1013 Attachments to pleadings (Rule 1013). (a) Each party...

  7. 8 CFR 333.2 - Attachment of photographs to documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Attachment of photographs to documents. 333.2 Section 333.2...SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS § 333.2 Attachment of photographs to documents. A signed...

  8. [A rinsing attachment for the apparatus for automated analysis].

    PubMed

    Müller, G; Thielecke, K H

    1975-01-01

    The authors describe a rinsing attachment for the flow-through type auto-analyzer of the VEB MLW Prüfgerätewerk Medingen. This attachment reduces the material and time required for clinicochemical and other techniques. PMID:1199397

  9. Combinatorial discovery of polymers resistant to bacterial attachment

    E-print Network

    Hook, Andrew L

    Bacterial attachment and subsequent biofilm formation pose key challenges to the optimal performance of medical devices. In this study, we determined the attachment of selected bacterial species to hundreds of polymeric ...

  10. God as the ultimate attachment figure for older adults.

    PubMed

    Cicirelli, Victor G

    2004-12-01

    Attachment to God among older adults is an area of research that has been neglected thus far. The existence of such an attachment was explored in a study of 109 elders aged 70-97. A modest proportion of elders displayed a strong attachment to God, assessed by coding interview data for indicators of attachment. Strength of attachment to God was related (p < .05) to greater religiosity, greater fear of death, loss of other attachment figures, religious affiliation, and being younger in age, Black, and of lower socioeconomic status. Participants belonging to fundamentalist or evangelical Protestant denominations had a stronger attachment to God than those with other affiliations. Findings are interpreted in relation to existing literature on attachment to God. PMID:15764125

  11. 30 CFR 75.1438 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1438 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  12. 30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...least 80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  13. 30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...least 80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  14. 30 CFR 57.19028 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19028 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  15. 30 CFR 56.19028 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19028 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  16. 30 CFR 75.1438 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1438 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  17. 30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...least 80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  18. 30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  19. 30 CFR 77.1438 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1438 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  20. 30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  1. 30 CFR 57.19028 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19028 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  2. 30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  3. 30 CFR 77.1438 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...SURFACE COAL MINES AND SURFACE WORK AREAS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1438 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  4. 30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  5. 30 CFR 56.19028 - End attachment replacement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19028 End attachment replacement. Wire rope attachments shall be replaced when cracked, deformed, or excessively...

  6. 30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by a method...least 80 percent of the nominal strength of the rope. (b) Except for terminations...

  7. Scaling and biomechanics of surface attachment in climbing animals

    E-print Network

    Labonte, David; Federle, Walter

    2014-01-01

    Scaling and biomechanics of surface attachment in climbing animals David Labonte & Walter Federle Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge Attachment devices are essential adaptations for climbing animals, and valuable models for synthetic...

  8. Maternal attachment representations, maternal sensitivity, and the infant-mother attachment relationship.

    PubMed

    Pederson, D R; Gleason, K E; Moran, G; Bento, S

    1998-09-01

    The role of maternal sensitivity as a mediator accounting for the robust association between maternal attachment representations and the quality of the infant-mother attachment relationship was examined. Sixty mother-infant dyads were observed at home and in the Strange Situation at 13 months, and mothers participated in the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) within the next 6 months. A strong association was found between AAI and Strange Situation classifications, and autonomous mothers were more sensitive at home than were nonautonomous mothers. Mothers in secure relationships were more sensitive at home than mothers in nonsecure relationships. Likewise, infants in secure relationships were more secure as assessed by the Waters' Attachment Q sort than infants in nonsecure relationships. A test of the mediational model revealed that maternal sensitivity accounted for 17% of the relation between AAI and Strange Situation classifications. PMID:9779739

  9. Attachment style, representations of psychotherapy, and clinical interventions with insecurely attached clients.

    PubMed

    Geller, Jesse D; Farber, Barry A

    2015-05-01

    The primary aim of this article was to demonstrate the clinical utility of an empirically grounded perspective on the complex interplay between patients' attachment style and their ability to create, remember, and use benignly influential representations of their experiences with their therapists. We focused on 2 interrelated questions: Are there significant attachment-related differences in the thematic content of the remembrances and fantasies that patients have about therapy? And, if so, what are the implications for practice? Results of a study of individuals currently in therapy (N = 176) indicated that although all the patients with different insecure attachment styles struggled to evoke positively valenced therapist representations, the specific nature of their representational patterns varied as a function of specific attachment styles. We offer several clinical strategies that may increase insecure patients' abilities to form adaptive representations of their therapist and therapy. We illustrate our recommendations by presenting case material from the psychotherapy of a compulsively self-reliant man. PMID:25833756

  10. THERMOPHILE ENDOSPORES HAVE RESPONSIVE EXOSPORIUM FOR ATTACHMENT

    SciTech Connect

    PANESSA-WARREN,B.; TORTORA,G.T.; WARREN,J.; SABATINI,R.

    1999-08-01

    Recently studies examining the colonization of Clostridial pathogens on agar and human tissue culture cells, demonstrated that (C. sporogenes ATCC 3584, C. difficile ATCC 43594 [patient isolate], C. difficile ATCC 9689 [non-clinical], C. clostridioforme [patient isolate]) bacterial spores (endospores) of the genus Clostridia have an outer membrane that becomes responsive at activation and exhibits extensions of the exosporial membrane that facilitate and maintain spore attachment to a nutritive substrate during germination and initial outgrowth of the newly developed bacterial cell. Therefore this attachment phenomenon plays an important role in insuring bacterial colonization of a surface and the initial stages of the infective process. To see if other non-clinical members of this genus also have this ability to attach to a substrate or food-source during spore germination, and how this attachment process in environmental thermophiles compares to the clinical paradigm (in relation to time sequence, exosporial membrane structure, type of attachment structures, composition of the membrane etc...), sediment samples were collected in sterile transport containers at 4 geothermal sites at Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming. Because spore forming bacteria will produce spores when conditions are unfavorable for growth, the samples were sealed and stored at 4 C. After 8 months the samples were screened for the presence of spores by light microscope examination using malachite green/safranin, and traditional endospores were identified in significant quantities from the Terrace Spring site (a 46 C lake with bacterial mats and a rapidly moving run-off channel leading to a traditional hot spring). The highest spore population was found in the top sediment and benthic water of the run-off channel, pH 8.1.

  11. Set home page Bookmark site Add search Show/Hide Menu

    E-print Network

    Kleinfeld, David

    > Plants & Animals > Space & Time > Earth & Climate > Matter & Energy > Computers & Math > Fossils & Ruins Science Topics > Agriculture > Astronomy > Biology > Chemistry > Earth Sciences > Environment > Mathematics > Physics > Social Sciences > Technology > more topics Health Topics > Aging > Diseases > Fitness

  12. Facilitated attachment of nanoparticles at primary minima by nanoscale roughness is susceptible to hydrodynamic drag under unfavorable chemical conditions.

    PubMed

    Shen, Chongyang; Jin, Yan; Li, Baoguo; Zheng, Wenjuan; Huang, Yuanfang

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated effects of flow velocity on attachment of nanoparticles at primary minima in the presence of surface roughness under unfavorable chemical conditions. Saturated sand-packed column experiments were conducted at 0.1 and 0.2M NaCl using 30 nm polystyrene latex nanoparticles as model colloids. Particle attachment at primary minima was unambiguously determined by removing particles attached at secondary minima through introducing deionized water and excavating the packed beds. The calculated primary-minimum attachment efficiency was found to decrease with increasing flow velocity, indicating that the fraction of a collector surface that is available for attachment at primary minima decreases with increasing flow velocity. The torque analysis, however, showed that the adhesive torque that the particle experiences at primary minima is much larger than the maximum hydrodynamic drags of a porous medium for the flow velocities used. We attributed the discrepancy to the reason that the sand surface is very rough and the roughness mainly causes the attachment in primary minima under the experimental conditions used in this study. By considering influence of surface roughness in the torque analysis, our calculations show that while particle attachment in primary minima is favored atop of nanoasperities under unfavorable conditions, the adhesive torque that the particle experiences can be greatly reduced and, thus, the attachment is susceptible to flow drag. Whereas the increase of adhesive torque by surface roughness has been widely recognized in the literature, our study indicates that the rough asperities can also decrease adhesive torques for particles attached atop of them. PMID:24013017

  13. A comparison of attachment outcomes in enactment-based versus therapist-centered therapy process modalities in couple therapy.

    PubMed

    Butler, Mark H; Harper, James M; Mitchell, Cari B

    2011-06-01

    Attachment issues are viewed by many therapists as lying at the heart of couple distress. It is critical to empirically validate therapy processes that facilitate couples in responding to each other's attachment needs. This study examined enactments as a therapy process and change mechanism to promote secure attachment in couple therapy. Sixteen couples were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 experimental groups--1 group received 3 therapist-centered sessions followed by 3 enactment-based sessions, and a second group received 3 enactment-based sessions followed by 3 therapist-centered sessions. To measure between-session and within-session change, each spouse completed presession and postsession measures of attachment security each week. Results showed that couples who received enactment-based sessions first reported greater increases in attachment security than those receiving therapist-centered sessions first. These same couples continued to show improvement after switching to the therapist-centered sessions. Conversely, couples who received therapist-centered sessions first did not increase attachment after switching to enactment-based sessions. For wives, enactment-based sessions produced the greatest improvement in attachment, yet both therapy process modalities led to some improvement. Conversely, for husbands, attachment improved only when they received enactment-based sessions first. Enactment-based sessions may therefore be more important for husbands than wives. Overall, with some qualification it appears that enactment-based therapy process may improve attachment more than a therapist-centered process. These observed trends and findings are generally consistent with previous research supporting use of enactments in couple therapy. PMID:21564061

  14. SPENT FUEL CASK IMPACT LIMITER ATTACHMENT DESIGN DEFICIENCIES

    SciTech Connect

    Leduc, D; Jeffery England, J

    2007-10-16

    A recent structural analysis of the T-3 Spent Fuel Containment Cask found problems with the design of the attachment system. Assumptions in the original SARP concerning the loading in the attachment bolts were found to be inaccurate in certain drop orientations. Similar weaknesses in the attachment system designs of other casks were also noted. This paper documents the lessons learned and their applicability to impact limiter attachment system designs.

  15. Distinct but overlapping neural networks subserve depression and insecure attachment

    PubMed Central

    Yaseen, Zimri S.; Katz, Curren; Zhang, Xian; Jennings-Donovan, Gillian; Dashnaw, Stephen; Hirsch, Joy; Mayberg, Helen; Cohen, Lisa J.; Winston, Arnold

    2012-01-01

    Insecure attachment has been linked to depression and to outcome in psychotherapy. The neural mechanisms subserving the relationship between attachment security and depression are not well understood. We have developed a method to examine attachment-related brain activity in depression. Twenty-eight women, half depressed, viewed images of their mother, a female friend, and female strangers during fMRI scanning. The effects of depression and insecure attachment were determined with whole-brain multiple linear regression of blood-oxygen-level-dependent response against subjects’ Beck Depression Inventory and Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coherence of mind scores. Interaction effects were analyzed with ANOVA. Activity associated with depression and with insecure attachment was found in the cortico-striato-thalamic circuits of affect regulation. For early attachment (mother–friend contrast), depression scores correlated with activation of cortical and sub-cortical components of these circuits, while attachment insecurity correlated with sub-cortical activity in the same circuitry. Depression and attachment insecurity correlated with both cortical and sub-cortical activities for mother–stranger, and areas of overlap and of enhancing interactions between depression and insecure attachment were found. For late attachment (friend–stranger contrast), only cortical effects were found. Depression and attachment insecurity may be subserved by similar but distinct components of affect regulating circuits. Their interactions may explain the greater difficulty of treating depression in insecurely attached patients and suggest a contributing role for insecure attachment in depression. Further, differential sub-cortical vs cortical encoding of early vs late attachment suggests a top-down model of late attachment, potentially relevant to psychotherapeutic outcome. PMID:22037687

  16. Distinct but overlapping neural networks subserve depression and insecure attachment.

    PubMed

    Galynker, Igor I; Yaseen, Zimri S; Katz, Curren; Zhang, Xian; Jennings-Donovan, Gillian; Dashnaw, Stephen; Hirsch, Joy; Mayberg, Helen; Cohen, Lisa J; Winston, Arnold

    2012-11-01

    Insecure attachment has been linked to depression and to outcome in psychotherapy. The neural mechanisms subserving the relationship between attachment security and depression are not well understood. We have developed a method to examine attachment-related brain activity in depression. Twenty-eight women, half depressed, viewed images of their mother, a female friend, and female strangers during fMRI scanning. The effects of depression and insecure attachment were determined with whole-brain multiple linear regression of blood-oxygen-level-dependent response against subjects' Beck Depression Inventory and Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coherence of mind scores. Interaction effects were analyzed with ANOVA. Activity associated with depression and with insecure attachment was found in the cortico-striato-thalamic circuits of affect regulation. For early attachment (mother-friend contrast), depression scores correlated with activation of cortical and sub-cortical components of these circuits, while attachment insecurity correlated with sub-cortical activity in the same circuitry. Depression and attachment insecurity correlated with both cortical and sub-cortical activities for mother-stranger, and areas of overlap and of enhancing interactions between depression and insecure attachment were found. For late attachment (friend-stranger contrast), only cortical effects were found. Depression and attachment insecurity may be subserved by similar but distinct components of affect regulating circuits. Their interactions may explain the greater difficulty of treating depression in insecurely attached patients and suggest a contributing role for insecure attachment in depression. Further, differential sub-cortical vs cortical encoding of early vs late attachment suggests a top-down model of late attachment, potentially relevant to psychotherapeutic outcome. PMID:22037687

  17. Factors Affecting Attachment of Enterobacter cloacae to Germinating Cotton Seed

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Hood; K. V. van Dijk; E. B. Nelson

    1998-01-01

    Attachment of Enterobacter cloacae EcCT-50,—a biological seed protectant used to control the seed-rotting fungi, Pythium ultimum—to cotton seed was examined using conventional fluorescent microscopy (CFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and laser\\u000a scanning microscopy (LSM). In sand microcosms, E. cloacae quickly attached to the seed coat, with maximum attachment, 3 to 5 h after inoculation at 24°C. In contrast, initial attachment

  18. Individual differences in biobehavioral organization during problem-solving in toddlers: the influence of maternal behavior, infant-mother attachment, and behavioral inhibition on the attachment-exploration balance.

    PubMed

    Schieche, Michael; Spangler, Gottfried

    2005-05-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of maternal behavior, infant-mother attachment, and behavioral inhibition on the biobehavioral organization of toddlers during a primary non-attachment-related challenging context. In a sample of 76 toddlers, quality of attachment (secure, avoidant, ambivalent, disorganized) was assessed at 12 months. At 22 months, the subjects were observed in a challenging task according to [Matas et al. (1978) Child Development 49: 547-556], and salivary cortisol was assessed before and afterwards. Behavioral analyses included child task orientation and exploration, help seeking, proximity seeking, and attachment-exploration-balance as well as maternal supportive presence and quality of assistance. Behavioral inhibition was assessed from maternal reports. Findings from concurrent analyses indicate relations between toddler behavior and adrenocortical function and the importance of concurrent maternal support for toddler behavior. Longitudinal analyses showed that quality of attachment predicted task orientation, help seeking behavior, and the quality of the attachment-exploration-balance, while behavioral inhibition was related to approach to the task. In line with previous findings, adrenocortical activation was found only in insecure infants with high behavioral inhibition indicating the function of attachment security as a social buffer against less adaptive temperamental dispositions. Finally, within-group analyses indicated a social regulation pattern in secure toddlers while the behavior of insecure ones was additionally linked to behavioral inhibition and physiological reactivity. PMID:15832325

  19. 12 CFR 1511.8 - Notice of attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Notice of attachment. 1511.8 Section 1511.8 Banks...BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURE § 1511.8 Notice of attachment. The interest of a debtor...to honor an order or other notice of attachment in any particular case or class of...

  20. 30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false End attachment retermination. 77.1437 Section...Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment retermination. Damaged or deteriorated...a) More than one broken wire at an attachment; (b) Improper installation of...

  1. Filling the Void: Bolstering Attachment Security in Committed Relationships

    E-print Network

    Reber, Paul J.

    Article Filling the Void: Bolstering Attachment Security in Committed Relationships Ximena B.AQ 1 Attachment security has many salutary effects in adulthood, yet little is known about the specific interpersonal processes that increase attachment security over time. Using data from 134 romantically committed

  2. 30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Attachment of trailing cables. 56.12038 Section 56.12038 Mineral...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached...

  3. 30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Attachment of trailing cables. 56.12038 Section 56.12038 Mineral...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached...

  4. 30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false End attachment retermination. 75.1437 Section...Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment retermination. Damaged or deteriorated...a) More than one broken wire at an attachment; (b) Improper installation of...

  5. 48 CFR 204.7105 - Contract exhibits and attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Contract exhibits and attachments. 204.7105 Section 204.7105... 204.7105 Contract exhibits and attachments. Follow the procedures at PGI 204...and numbering of contract exhibits and attachments. [71 FR 9269, Feb. 23,...

  6. 30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false End attachment retermination. 77.1437 Section...Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment retermination. Damaged or deteriorated...a) More than one broken wire at an attachment; (b) Improper installation of...

  7. 30 CFR 57.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Attachment of trailing cables. 57.12038 Section 57.12038 Mineral...MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached...

  8. 30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false End attachment retermination. 75.1437 Section...Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment retermination. Damaged or deteriorated...a) More than one broken wire at an attachment; (b) Improper installation of...

  9. 12 CFR 1511.8 - Notice of attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Notice of attachment. 1511.8 Section 1511.8 Banks...BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURE § 1511.8 Notice of attachment. The interest of a debtor...to honor an order or other notice of attachment in any particular case or class of...

  10. 30 CFR 56.19027 - End attachment retermination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false End attachment retermination. 56.19027 Section...Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19027 End attachment retermination. Damaged or deteriorated...a) More than one broken wire at an attachment; (b) Improper installation of...

  11. 30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false End attachment retermination. 77.1437 Section...Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment retermination. Damaged or deteriorated...a) More than one broken wire at an attachment; (b) Improper installation of...

  12. 30 CFR 57.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Attachment of trailing cables. 57.12038 Section 57.12038 Mineral...MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached...

  13. 48 CFR 204.7105 - Contract exhibits and attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Contract exhibits and attachments. 204.7105 Section 204.7105... 204.7105 Contract exhibits and attachments. Follow the procedures at PGI 204...and numbering of contract exhibits and attachments. [71 FR 9269, Feb. 23,...

  14. Computational Resolving PP attachment Ambiguities with MemoryBased

    E-print Network

    Tilburg, Universiteit van

    , Madrid 1997 (CoNLL97) ILK­03 Resolving PP attachment Ambiguities with Memory­Based Learning Jakub Zavrel of Memory­Based Learning to the problem of Prepositional Phrase attachment disam­ biguation. We compare resolution is Prepositional Phrase (PP) attachment. Several sources of infor­ mation can be used to resolve

  15. 48 CFR 204.7105 - Contract exhibits and attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Contract exhibits and attachments. 204.7105 Section 204.7105... 204.7105 Contract exhibits and attachments. Follow the procedures at PGI 204...and numbering of contract exhibits and attachments. [71 FR 9269, Feb. 23,...

  16. 30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false End attachment retermination. 75.1437 Section...Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment retermination. Damaged or deteriorated...a) More than one broken wire at an attachment; (b) Improper installation of...

  17. Connectivity-driven Attachment in Mobile Cellular Ad Hoc Networks

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Connectivity-driven Attachment in Mobile Cellular Ad Hoc Networks Julien Boite and J´er´emie Leguay, attachment decisions based on traditional criteria (e.g. signal quality) may lead to network partitions. This paper proposes a distributed greedy attachment strategy to reach near optimal network connectivity

  18. 12 CFR 1511.8 - Notice of attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Notice of attachment. 1511.8 Section 1511.8 Banks...BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURE § 1511.8 Notice of attachment. The interest of a debtor...to honor an order or other notice of attachment in any particular case or class of...

  19. Autism and Attachment: A Meta-Analytic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutgers, Anna H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; van Ijzendoorn, Marinus H.; van Berckelaer-Onnes, Ina A.

    2004-01-01

    Method: Sixteen studies on attachment in children with autism were reviewed, and ten studies with data on observed attachment security (N = 287) were included in a quantitative meta-analysis. Results: Despite the impairments of children with autism in reciprocal social interaction, the majority of the studies found evidence for attachment…

  20. Adult Attachment Style and Pedophilia: A Developmental Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary A. Sawle; Jon Kear-Colwell

    2001-01-01

    In this study, attachment theory was applied to three samples: male university students (controls), male nonoffending victims of sexual assault, and convicted male pedophiles. Adult attachment styles are investigated along with developmental histories of neglect, punishment, and sexual and physical abuse. It is proposed that adult attachment styles will differ among the pedophiles and the other two groups, and the

  1. The Development of Maternal Attachment: A Longitudinal Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Tannis MacBeth; And Others

    Summaries of papers presented in a symposium deal with a related series of four issues concerning the development of maternal attachment: Is maternal attachment best conceptualized and measured as an emotional tie or as observable behavior? Is there continuity in the development of maternal attachment from the prenatal to postpartum period? Can…

  2. CONTINUING BONDS IN BEREAVEMENT: AN ATTACHMENT THEORY BASED PERSPECTIVE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NIGEL P. FIELD; BERYL GAO; LISA PADERNA

    2005-01-01

    An attachment theory based perspective on the continuing bond to the deceased (CB) is proposed. The value of attachment theory in specifying the normative course of CB expression and in identifying adaptive versus maladaptive variants of CB expression based on their deviation from this normative course is outlined. The role of individual differences in attachment security on effective versus ineffective

  3. Device and process for attachment of parts to rocket motors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yagla, Jon J.; Lowry, Robert W.; Mears, Otho L.

    1992-04-01

    An attachment platform positioned longitudinally on a rocket motor chamber and secured with laser welding techniques is described. Each attachment platform is continuously sealed longitudinally to the rocket motor chamber through the application of laser welding and optical seam tracking. Application of laser welding techniques allows for repair and installation of attachment platforms on rocket motors fully loaded with live propellant.

  4. Parental Attachment and Emotional Distress in the Transition to College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, William H.; Sperling, Michael B.

    1991-01-01

    The intensity of 89 first-year college students' (59 percent females) attachment to parents at transition to college was studied. Parental attachment decreased during the first semester for residential students and not for commuter students. Maternal attachment was significantly higher for females than for males. Other gender differences are…

  5. Attachment to Plant Surface Waxes by an Insect Predator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SANFORD D. EIGENBRODE; REINHARD JETTER

    2002-01-01

    SYNOPSIS. Insects foraging on plant surfaces must attach to the layer of lipophilic materials known as epicuticular waxes (EW) that cover these surfaces. In this paper, we briefly review the evidence that variation in EW morphology can influence the ecology of herbivorous insects directly, by affecting their attachment to plant surfaces, and indirectly by affecting attachment by actively foraging predatory

  6. 30 CFR 57.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Attachment of trailing cables. 57.12038 Section 57.12038 Mineral...MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached...

  7. 48 CFR 204.7105 - Contract exhibits and attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Contract exhibits and attachments. 204.7105 Section 204.7105... 204.7105 Contract exhibits and attachments. Follow the procedures at PGI 204...and numbering of contract exhibits and attachments. [71 FR 9269, Feb. 23,...

  8. 12 CFR 1511.8 - Notice of attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Notice of attachment. 1511.8 Section 1511.8 Banks...BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURE § 1511.8 Notice of attachment. The interest of a debtor...to honor an order or other notice of attachment in any particular case or class of...

  9. 48 CFR 204.7105 - Contract exhibits and attachments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Contract exhibits and attachments. 204.7105 Section 204.7105... 204.7105 Contract exhibits and attachments. Follow the procedures at PGI 204...and numbering of contract exhibits and attachments. [71 FR 9269, Feb. 23,...

  10. 12 CFR 1511.8 - Notice of attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false Notice of attachment. 1511.8 Section 1511.8 Banks...BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURE § 1511.8 Notice of attachment. The interest of a debtor...to honor an order or other notice of attachment in any particular case or class of...

  11. 30 CFR 57.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attachment of trailing cables. 57.12038 Section 57.12038 Mineral...MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached...

  12. 30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Attachment of trailing cables. 56.12038 Section 56.12038 Mineral...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached...

  13. Attachment Styles among Bullies, Victims and Uninvolved Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koiv, Kristi

    2012-01-01

    Attachment theory provides a frame for understanding the role of attachment styles in the development of bullying behaviour in adolescence. The present study examined attachment styles (secure, avoidant and anxious/ambivalent) that differentiated bullies, victims, bully/victims and uninvolved adolescents. A total of 1,921 students (1,006 girls and…

  14. A longitudinal study of maternal attachment and infant developmental outcomes.

    PubMed

    Alhusen, Jeanne L; Hayat, Matthew J; Gross, Deborah

    2013-12-01

    Extant research has demonstrated that compared to adults with insecure attachment styles, more securely attached parents tend to be more responsive, sensitive, and involved parents, resulting in improved outcomes for their children. Less studied is the influence of a mother's attachment style on her attachment to her unborn child during pregnancy and the consequent developmental outcomes of the child during early childhood. Thus, the aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to examine the relationship between maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) during pregnancy and infant and toddler outcomes and the role of mothers' attachment style on early childhood developmental outcomes in an economically disadvantaged sample of women and their children. Gamma regression modeling demonstrated that an avoidant maternal attachment style (b?=?.98, 95 % CI [.97, .98], p?attachment styles and greater depressive symptomatology were more likely to have children demonstrating early childhood developmental delays than those women with less avoidant attachment styles and less depressive symptomatology. Furthermore, women reporting higher MFA during pregnancy had more secure attachment styles, and their children had more optimal early childhood development than those women reporting lower MFA and less secure attachment styles. Findings have implications for enhancing early intervention programs aimed at improving maternal and childhood outcomes. An earlier identification of disruptions in attachment may be beneficial in tailoring interventions focused on the mother-child dyad. PMID:23737011

  15. Attachment Style of Foster Carers and Caregiving Role Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caltabiano, Marie L.; Thorpe, Rosamund

    2007-01-01

    This study assessed the adult attachment styles of 111 male and female foster carers of children who have been abused and neglected in the Mackay/Whitsunday region of Queensland, Australia. It was hypothesised that those foster carers with secure attachment or with "earned" secure attachment status are better able to cope with the challenges of…

  16. All in the Family: Integrating Attachment and Family Systems Theories

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia McKinsey Crittenden; Rudi Dallos

    2009-01-01

    This article brings together ideas from attachment and systemic family therapy. There is both growing interest among systemic practitioners in the conceptual and empirical base of attachment theory and also the need for attachment theory to expand dyadic patterning to include its context in family functioning. We propose the Dynamic-Maturational Model (DMM) as being the most compatible and useful variant

  17. Adolescents' Interactions with a Best Friend: Associations with Attachment Style

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weimer, Barbara L.; Kerns, Kathryn A.; Oldenburg, Christopher M.

    2004-01-01

    This study tested whether adolescents' attachment style is related to friendship interactions and perceptions of friendship quality. Attachment pairings were contrasted to examine whether dyad members' security of attachment or their models of others was more related to friendship. A total of 44 pairs of same-sex adolescent friends were videotaped…

  18. Associations between Attachment Security and Social Competence in Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veríssimo, Manuela; Santos, António J.; Fernandes, Carla; Vaughn, Brian E.

    2014-01-01

    Attachment theorists suggest that attachment security with parents supports the quality of social adaptation in peer groups during early childhood, and numerous studies supporting this conjecture have been published. Most of these studies used enacted representations rather than mental representations of attachment security, and most studies…

  19. 30 CFR 56.19026 - Drum end attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the rope is...

  20. 30 CFR 57.19026 - Drum end attachment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the rope is...