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1

LEANTO INTERIOR, LOOKING EAST. Image shows: ladder attached to south ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LEAN-TO INTERIOR, LOOKING EAST. Image shows: ladder attached to south façade, gate separating hay storage from animal pens, and east wall construction. - Boyer Farm, Barn, 711 South Fort Casey Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

2

Just show up: the importance of caring attachments in emergency services.  

PubMed

Caring attachments to others are important for health, well-being, and longevity. This is no less true when EMS are providing needed medical services to victims at a vulnerable moment in the victims' lives. This article reviews the recent medical and behavioral science findings of the psychological and physiological benefits of caring attachments. Special attention is paid to the societal state of anomie and individuals' differing levels of optimal stimulation. The review then focuses on how attachments can be utilized by EMS as they provide services to victims and how these same health benefits may accrue to their colleagues onsite as well. PMID:23980494

Flannery, Raymond B

2012-01-01

3

Attachment 10 - Environmental Assessment  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionPage 1. Attachment 10 - Environmental Assessment 1. Date July 17,2003 2. Name ... 1998. ,-- - 10-1 000257 Page 2. are ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling

4

Attachment style.  

PubMed

Attachment theory, developed by Bowlby to explain human bonding, has profound implications for conducting and adapting psychotherapy. We summarize the prevailing definitions and measures of attachment style. We review the results of three meta-analyses examining the association between attachment anxiety, avoidance, and security and psychotherapy outcome. Fourteen studies were synthesized, which included 19 separate therapy cohorts with a combined sample size of 1,467. Attachment anxiety showed a d of -.46 with posttherapy outcome, while attachment security showed a d of.37 association with outcome. Attachment avoidance was uncorrelated with outcome. The age and gender composition of the samples moderated the relation between attachment security and outcome: samples with a higher proportion of female clients and a higher mean age showed a smaller relation between security and outcome. We discuss the practice implications of these findings and related research on the link between attachment and the therapy relationship. PMID:21108315

Levy, Kenneth N; Ellison, William D; Scott, Lori N; Bernecker, Samantha L

2011-02-01

5

CASAA Dissolvables - Attachment 6 1  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... CASAA Dissolvables - Attachment 6 1 Content withheld for copyright purposes Page 2. CASAA Dissolvables - Attachment 6 2 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

6

Inside PageRank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the interest of a Web page is strictly related to its content and to the subjective readers' cultural background, a measure of the page authority can be provided that only depends on the topological structure of the Web. PageRank is a noticeable way to attach a score to Web pages on the basis of the Web connectivity. In this

Monica Bianchini; Marco Gori; Franco Scarselli

2005-01-01

7

Spiritual attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment has been dominated by a person-oriented focus, and only few psychologists and psychiatrists have paid attention to immaterial and spiritual forms of attachment. Different historical examples of isolation from other persons, solitude, and loneliness are provided as an introduction to a more cultural psychological perspective on attachment. Attachment and religious representation are illustrated through interviews of Benedictine nuns living

Peter Elsass

2008-01-01

8

Borrelia miyamotoi infections among wild rodents show age and month independence and correlation with Ixodes persulcatus larval attachment in Hokkaido, Japan.  

PubMed

To clarify how Borrelia miyamotoi is maintained in the environment in Hokkaido, we examined Ixodes persulcatus for its prevalence among wild rodents and its tick vector by detecting a portion of the borrelial flaB gene in rodent urinary bladder and blood samples, and from whole ticks. We compared B. miyamotoi infection rates to Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii, which are human Lyme disease pathogens also carried by wild rodents, and which are transmitted by the same vector tick. Whereas B. garinii and B. afzelii showed age dependence of infection rates among wild rodents (18.4% and 9.9% among adults and 6.0% and 3.4% among sub-adults, respectively) when looking at urinary bladder samples, B. miyamotoi infection rates were not age dependent for either blood (4.2% among adults, and 7.9% among sub-adults) or urinary bladder samples (1.0% among adults, and 1.7% among sub-adults). Moreover, while B. garinii and B. afzelii infection rates showed increases across months (June, July [p<0.05] and August [p<0.01] had higher rates than in May for adult rodents with B. garinii, and July and August had higher rates than in May [p<0.01] for adult rodents with B. afzelii), B. miyamotoi infection rates did not show significant month dependence. These differences in month and age dependence led us to suspect that B. miyamotoi may not develop persistent infections in wild rodents, as B. garinii and B. afzelii are thought to. Furthermore, we examined the extent of rodent exposure to I. persulcatus nymphs and larvae throughout most of the tick's active season (May through September), and determined that B. miyamotoi infection rates in sub-adult rodents were correlated with larval burden (p<0.01), suggesting that larvae may be very important in transmission of B. miyamotoi to wild rodents. PMID:23210636

Taylor, Kyle R; Takano, Ai; Konnai, Satoru; Shimozuru, Michito; Kawabata, Hiroki; Tsubota, Toshio

2012-12-04

9

Report of the APSAC Task Force on Attachment Therapy, Reactive Attachment Disorder, and Attachment Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the term attachment disorder is ambiguous, attachment therapies are increasingly used with children who are maltreated, particularly those in foster care or adoptive homes. Some children described as having attachment disorders show extreme disturbances. The needs of these children and their caretakers are real. How to meet their needs is less clear. A number of attachment-based treatment and parenting

Mark Chaffin; Rochelle Hanson; Benjamin E. Saunders; Todd Nichols; Douglas Barnett; Charles Zeanah; Lucy Berliner; Byron Egeland; Elana Newman; Tom Lyon; Elizabeth Letourneau; Cindy Miller-Perrin

2006-01-01

10

Attachment Disorganization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Disorganized attachment relationships were first formally identified on the basis of the anomalous behavior of some infants during laboratory separations and reunions with the parent. This book presents new research and theory on the topic of attachment disorganization, an area of investigation that is of increasing importance in the study of…

Solomon, Judith, Ed.; George, Carol, Ed.

11

Two Novel Techniques for Determination of Polysaccharide Cross-Links Show that Crh1p and Crh2p Attach Chitin to both ?(1-6)- and ?(1-3)Glucan in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cell Wall? †  

PubMed Central

Previous work, using solubilization of yeast cell walls by carboxymethylation, before or after digestion with ?(1-3)- or ?(1-6)glucanase, followed by size chromatography, showed that the transglycosylases Crh1p and Crh2p/Utr2p were redundantly required for the attachment of chitin to ?(1-6)glucan. With this technique, crh1? crh2? mutants still appeared to contain a substantial percentage of chitin linked to ?(1-3)glucan. Two novel procedures have now been developed for the analysis of polysaccharide cross-links in the cell wall. One is based on the affinity of curdlan, a ?(1-3)glucan, for ?(1-3)glucan chains in carboxymethylated cell walls. The other consists of in situ deacetylation of cell wall chitin, generating chitosan, which can be extracted with acetic acid, either directly (free chitosan) or after digestion with different glucanases (bound chitosan). Both methodologies indicated that all of the chitin in crh1? crh2? strains is free. Reexamination of the previously used procedure revealed that the ?(1-3)glucanase preparation used (zymolyase) is contaminated with a small amount of endochitinase, which caused erroneous results with the double mutant. After removing the chitinase from the zymolyase, all three procedures gave coincident results. Therefore, Crh1p and Crh2p catalyze the transfer of chitin to both ?(1-3)- and ?(1-6)glucan, and the biosynthetic mechanism for all chitin cross-links in the cell wall has been established.

Cabib, Enrico

2009-01-01

12

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PAGE 16  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionPage 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page 10. Page 11. Page 12. Page 13. Page 14. Page 15. Page 16. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling

13

Report of the APSAC task force on attachment therapy, reactive attachment disorder, and attachment problems.  

PubMed

Although the term attachment disorder is ambiguous, attachment therapies are increasingly used with children who are maltreated, particularly those in foster care or adoptive homes. Some children described as having attachment disorders show extreme disturbances. The needs of these children and their caretakers are real. How to meet their needs is less clear. A number of attachment-based treatment and parenting approaches purport to help children described as attachment disordered. Attachment therapy is a young and diverse field, and the benefits and risks of many treatments remain scientifically undetermined. Controversies have arisen about potentially harmful attachment therapy techniques used by a subset of attachment therapists. In this report, the Task Force reviews the controversy and makes recommendations for assessment, treatment, and practices. The report reflects American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children's (APSAC) position and also was endorsed by the American Psychological Association's Division 37 and the Division 37 Section on Child Maltreatment. PMID:16382093

Chaffin, Mark; Hanson, Rochelle; Saunders, Benjamin E; Nichols, Todd; Barnett, Douglas; Zeanah, Charles; Berliner, Lucy; Egeland, Byron; Newman, Elana; Lyon, Tom; LeTourneau, Elizabeth; Miller-Perrin, Cindy

2006-02-01

14

Attachment Apparatus  

DOEpatents

The present invention includes an attachment apparatus comprising a rotation limiting member adapted to be threaded onto a threaded member; and a preload nut adapted to be threaded onto the threaded member. The rotation limiting member comprises a plurality of pins; and the preload nut comprises plurality of slots, preferably wherein the plurality of pins and the plurality of slots are the same in number, which is preferably three. The plurality of pins of the rotation limiting member are filled into a corresponding plurality of slots of the preload nut to form a rotatable unit adapted to be threaded onto the threaded member. In use, the rotatable unit is threaded onto the threaded member. The present invention thus provides a unitized removable device for holes, including holes other than circular in shape, which have an established depth before an end of, or before an enlargement of the hole. The configuration of some exposed part of the device, or the head, is shaped and formed for its intended purpose, such as clamping, anchor points, eye bolts, stud anchor, and the like. The device allows for the installation, preloading and removal of all components of the device, as a unit, without damage to the member for which attachment is required by simple rotations of some exposed part of the device.

Morrison, Edward F.

1998-08-18

15

Entertainment Pages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that the planning of an effective entertainment page in a school newspaper must begin by establishing its purpose. Examines all the elements that contribute to the makeup of a good entertainment page. (RL)|

Druce, Mike

1981-01-01

16

Attachment behaviors in autistic children.  

PubMed

The social behaviors of 14 autistic children and 14 normal children of equivalent mental age were observed during a free-play situation as well as during separation from and reunion with their mothers and a stranger. As a group, the autistic children showed evidence of attachment to their mothers, directing more social behaviors and more physical contact to their caregivers than to the stranger during the reunion episodes. Within the autistic group, the children who showed an increase in attachment behaviors in response to separation and reunion demonstrated more advanced symbolic play skills than those autistic children who showed no change in attachment behaviors. One possible explanation may be that autistic children require more advanced levels of symbolic ability to form attachments to others than is necessary for the development of attachments in normal children. PMID:6207163

Sigman, M; Ungerer, J A

1984-09-01

17

Paging Performance with Page Coloring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constraining the mapping of virtual to physical addresses (page coloring) can speed and\\/or simplify caches in the presence of virtual memory. For the mapping to hold, physical memory must be partitioned into distinct colors, and virtual pages allocated to a specific color of physical page determined by the mapping. This paper uses and analytical model and simulation to compare the

William L. Lynch; M. J. Flynn

18

The Diane Rehm Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Diane Rehm Show has its origins in a mid-day program at WAMU in Washington, D.C. Diane Rehm came on to host the program in 1979, and in 1984 it was renamed "The Diane Rehm Show". Over the past several decades, Rehm has played host to hundreds of guests, include Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Julie Andrews, and President Bill Clinton. This website contains an archive of her past programs, and visitors can use the interactive calendar to look through past shows. Those visitors looking for specific topics can use the "Topics" list on the left-hand side of the page, or also take advantage of the search engine. The show has a number of social networking links, including a Facebook page and a Twitter feed.

19

Paternal Attachment, Parenting Beliefs and Children's Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Relationships between fathers' romantic attachment style, parenting beliefs and father-child attachment security and dependence were examined in a diverse sample of 72 fathers of young children. Paternal romantic attachment style was coded based on fathers' endorsement of a particular style represented in the Hazan and Shaver Three-Category…

Howard, Kimberly S.

2010-01-01

20

JAMA Patient Page: Head Lice  

MedlinePLUS

JAMA PATIENT PAGE Head Lice Removal of nits Louse on scalp Nits are tightly attached to strands of hair Lice are free and crawl ... sharing combs or brushes with someone who has head lice. Having head lice does not mean you have ...

21

Attachment 1: Trainer List Proposed AtriCure Training ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Attachment 1: Trainer List Proposed AtriCure Training Program AtriCure Synergy Ablation System Panel Pack This ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

22

Adult attachment, emotional control, and marital satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends previous research into the relations among attachment style, emotional experience, and emotional control. Questionnaire measures of these variables were completed by a broad sample of 238 married couples. Continuous measures of attachment showed that insecure attachment (low Comfort with closeness; high Anxiety over relationships) was related to greater control of emotion, regardless of whether the emotion was

JUDITH A. FEENEY

1999-01-01

23

Attitudinal Ambivalence Toward Parents and Attachment Style  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies tested whether children's attitudinal ambivalence toward their parents is related to their attachment styles within relationships. Across both studies, children who were ambivalent toward their father were less securely attached in their relation- ships than were children who were nonambivalent toward their father. Study 1 also showed that the relation between attitudinal ambivalence and secure attachment in relationships

Gregory R. Maio; Frank D. Fincham; Emma J. Lycett

2000-01-01

24

"The Show"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the past 16 years, the blue-collar city of Huntington, West Virginia, has rolled out the red carpet to welcome young wrestlers and their families as old friends. They have come to town chasing the same dream for a spot in what many of them call "The Show". For three days, under the lights of an arena packed with 5,000 fans, the state's best…

Gehring, John

2004-01-01

25

Predicting children's anxiety from early attachment relationships.  

PubMed

This study assessed whether infants with anxious-ambivalent attachment develop higher levels of anxiety later in childhood than do infants with secure attachment. Infants (N=136) participated in Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure at 12 months of age. The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) was completed by children and their mothers at 11 years of age. Results show that compared with children who were securely attached in infancy, children who were ambivalently attached had higher levels of school phobia, and, that compared with boys who were securely attached boys who were ambivalently attached had higher levels of social phobia at 11 years. However, in this normative sample, anxious-ambivalent attachment was not related to anxiety levels that approach pathological significance. These findings are discussed within the context of previous research on associations between attachment and anxiety disorders. PMID:17276031

Bar-Haim, Yair; Dan, Orrie; Eshel, Yohanan; Sagi-Schwartz, Abraham

2007-01-10

26

The Page Lifecycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Getting a page to your browser using Drupal is quite a roundabout process.The final content is a mashup of data retrieved\\u000a from a database,modified by modules,and finally formed for presentation by a theming layer.Understanding the steps a page\\u000a goes through is critical to being able to develop custom modules for Drupal.This chapter covers the page lifecycle,and shows\\u000a where you can

Brian Travis

27

The PC tachistoscope has 240 pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Myors (1998) showed how to combine familiar video page switching with bit-plane layering in video mode 0dh to increase the\\u000a capacity of the PC tachistoscope from 8 to 32 pages. The present article shows how to combine video page switching with color\\u000a page switching to implement a 240-page tachistoscope, thus producing an almost eightfold increase in the capacity of the

Brett Myors

1999-01-01

28

Sign language Web pages.  

PubMed

The WORLD WIDE WEB has changed the way people interact. It has also become an important equalizer of information access for many social sectors. However, for many people, including some sign language users, Web accessing can be difficult. For some, it not only presents another barrier to overcome but has left them without cultural equality. The present article describes a system that allows sign language-only Web pages to be created and linked through a video-based technique called sign-linking. In two studies, 14 Deaf participants examined two iterations of signlinked Web pages to gauge the usability and learnability of a signing Web page interface. The first study indicated that signing Web pages were usable by sign language users but that some interface features required improvement. The second study showed increased usability for those features; users consequently couldnavigate sign language information with ease and pleasure. PMID:17225637

Fels, Deborah I; Richards, Jan; Hardman, Jim; Lee, Daniel G

2006-01-01

29

Internal pipe attachment mechanism.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This invention is comprised of an attachment mechanism for repairing or extending fluid carrying pipes, casings, conduits, etc. utilizing one-way motion of spring tempered fingers to provide a mechanical connection between the attachment mechanism and the...

R. M. Bast D. A. Chesnut C. D. Henning J. P. Lennon J. W. Pastrnak

1993-01-01

30

Attachment Without Fear  

PubMed Central

John Bowlby hypothesized an attachment system that interacts with caregiving, exploration, and fear systems in the brain, with a particular emphasis on fear. Neurobiological research confirms many of his hypotheses and also raises some new questions. A psychological model based on this neurobiological research is presented here. The model extends conventional attachment theory by describing additional attachment processes independent of fear. In this model, the attachment elements of trust, openness, and dependence interact with the caregiving elements of caring, empathy, and responsibility.

Bell, David C.

2012-01-01

31

Attachment Between Former Spouses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between attachment of former spouses and parental communication and involvement. Data were collected from one hundred and seventeen divorced persons (46 men and 71 women) with school aged children. Research instruments included a shortened version of Kitson's (1982) attachment scale and Goldsmith's (1980) Co-Parental Communication and Parental Participation scales. Results suggest attachment may not be

Sharon Price; Julianne M Serovich; Steven F. Chapman; David W. Wright

1992-01-01

32

Attachment over Time.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined continuity in attachment classification from infancy through adolescence and related it to autobiographical memories of childhood, divorce, and maladjustment in white middle-class children. Found no continuity in attachment classification from 1 to 18 years and no relation between infant attachment status and adolescent adjustment.…

Lewis, Michael; Feiring, Candice; Rosenthal, Saul

2000-01-01

33

Attachment style and adjustment to divorce.  

PubMed

Divorce is becoming increasingly widespread in Europe. In this study, I present an analysis of the role played by attachment style (secure, dismissing, preoccupied and fearful, plus the dimensions of anxiety and avoidance) in the adaptation to divorce. Participants comprised divorced parents (N = 40) from a medium-sized city in the Basque Country. The results reveal a lower proportion of people with secure attachment in the sample group of divorcees. Attachment style and dependence (emotional and instrumental) are closely related. I have also found associations between measures that showed a poor adjustment to divorce and the preoccupied and fearful attachment styles. Adjustment is related to a dismissing attachment style and to the avoidance dimension. Multiple regression analysis confirmed that secure attachment and the avoidance dimension predict adjustment to divorce and positive affectivity while preoccupied attachment and the anxiety dimension predicted negative affectivity. Implications for research and interventions with divorcees are discussed. PMID:20480690

Yárnoz-Yaben, Sagrario

2010-05-01

34

Neurobiology of Infant Attachment  

PubMed Central

A strong attachment to the caregiver is critical for survival in altricial species, including humans. While some behavioral aspects of attachment have been characterized, its neurobiology has only recently received attention. Using a mammalian imprinting model, we are assessing the neural circuitry that enables infant rats to attach quickly to a caregiver, thus enhancing survival in the nest. Specifically, the hyper-functioning noradrenergic locus coeruleus (LC) enables pups to learn rapid, robust preference for the caregiver. Conversely, a hypo-functional amygdala appears to prevent the infant from learning aversions to the caregiver. Adult LC and amygdala functional emergence correlates with sensitive period termination. This study suggests the neonatal brain is not an immature version of the adult brain but is uniquely designed to optimize attachment to the caregiver. Although human attachment may not rely on identical circuitry, the work reviewed here suggests a new conceptual framework in which to explore human attachments, particularly attachments to abusive caregivers.

Moriceau, Stephanie

2007-01-01

35

Preferential attachment in the evolution of metabolic networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Many biological networks show some characteristics of scale-free networks. Scale-free networks can evolve through preferential attachment where new nodes are preferentially attached to well connected nodes. In networks which have evolved through preferential attachment older nodes should have a higher average connectivity than younger nodes. Here we have investigated preferential attachment in the context of metabolic networks. RESULTS: The

Sara Light; Per Kraulis; Arne Elofsson

2005-01-01

36

8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the Souvenir Program 1867-1967 Ridgely Centennial) Photographer unknown. Circa 1967. VIEW NORTHEAST, SOUTHWEST FRONT Ridgely's centennial was celebrated in 1967 and included in the souvenir brochure was page 30. This view shows the subject building with the 1950 modifications to provide for automotive traffic. It was a print of a current photograph. - 510 Central Avenue (Commercial Building), Ridgely, Caroline County, MD

37

Cephalopod Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Detailed information on octopus, squid and cuttlefish with links to other cephalopod and mollusc pages. Site features a classification section complete with pictures, articles from in-house scientists, conference information, a mailing list, and even a section on where you can purchase different cephalopods. Links to CephBase, an interactive database with photos, videos, publications, and much more, all concerning cephalopods.

38

Attachment in Chronically Underweight Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessed mother-infant attachment in a low-income population in Chile. Underweight children and children with adequate weight were classified as secure or anxious by means of the Ainsworth Strange Situation. Underweight children showed more anxious attachment, and anxious children showed the most serious weight deficits. (BC)|

Valenzuela, Marta

1990-01-01

39

Grazing of attached bacteria by heterotrophic microflagellates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four species of heterotrophic microflagellates were examined for their ability to graze attached and unattached bacteria. The species tested displayed pronounced differences in their ability to graze the bacteriumPseudomonas halodurans attached to chitin particles. Two species of microflagellates (Monas andCryptobia sp.) efficiently grazed unattached bacteria but showed little or no ability to graze attached or aggregated cells. In contrast,Rhynchomonas nasuta

David A. Caron

1987-01-01

40

Local Aspects of the Global Ranking of Web Pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Started in 1998, the search engine Google estimates page importance using several parameters. PageRank is one of those. Precisely, PageRank is a distribution of probability on the Web pages that depends on the Web graph. Our purpose is to show that the PageRank can be decomposed into two terms, internal and external PageRank. These two PageRanks allow a better comprehension

Fabien Mathieu; Laurent Viennot

2010-01-01

41

Attachment, mating, and parenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modern evolutionary perspective emphasizing life history theory and behavioral ecology is brought to bear on the three core\\u000a patterns of attachment that are identified in studies of infants and young children in the Strange Situation and adults using\\u000a the Adult Attachment Interview. Mating and parenting correlates of secure\\/autonomous, avoidant\\/dismissing, and resistant\\/preoccupied\\u000a attachment patterns are reviewed, and the argument is

Jay Belsky

1997-01-01

42

ATTACHMENT 11 - ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text Version1. 2. 3. 4. ATTACHMENT 11 - ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT DAINIPPON INK AND CHEMICALS, INC. FOOD CONTACT NOTIFICATION ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling

43

Predicting children's anxiety from early attachment relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed whether infants with anxious-ambivalent attachment develop higher levels of anxiety later in childhood than do infants with secure attachment. Infants (N=136) participated in Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure at 12 months of age. The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) was completed by children and their mothers at 11 years of age. Results show that compared

Yair Bar-Haim; Orrie Dan; Yohanan Eshel; Abraham Sagi-Schwartz

2007-01-01

44

Attachments Beyond Infancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory is extended to pertain to developmental changes in the nature of children’s attachments to parents and surrogate figures during the years beyond infancy, and to the nature of other affectional bonds throughout the life cycle. Various types of affectional bonds are examined in terms of the behavioral systems characteristic of each and the ways in which these systems

Mary D. Salter Ainsworth

1989-01-01

45

The neurobiology of attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is difficult to think of any behavioural process that is more intrinsically important to us than attachment. Feeding, sleeping and locomotion are all necessary for survival, but humans are, as Baruch Spinoza famously noted, “a social animal” and it is our social attachments that we live for. Over the past decade, studies in a range of vertebrates, including humans,

Thomas R. Insel; Larry J. Young

2001-01-01

46

ATTACHMENT AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment is that part of the infant-parent relationship con- cerned with protection and safety, and the infant's confidence that the caregiver will protect him or her. If the infant is confident that the caregiver will meet his or her needs for protection, the infant is considered to be securely attached. Secure infants feel safe with their caregiver and free to

Susan Goldberg

47

Separation and Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing secure attachments with babies gives them a very special gift--the foundation for good infant mental health! In this article, the author discusses how to develop secure attachments with babies. Babies who are in the care of others during the day often suffer from separations from their special adults. Thirteen "tips" to ensure that…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2005-01-01

48

Temperament and Attachment Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviewed in this article is research on children with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) who exhibit specific patterns of socially aberrant behavior resulting from being maltreated or having limited opportunities to form selective attachments. There are no data explaining why 2 different patterns of the disorder, an emotionally…

Zeanah, Charles H.; Fox, Nathan A.

2004-01-01

49

Reactive Attachment Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written by a British parent, this case study tells the story of an adopted child who experienced many difficulties adjusting to life at home and school. It describes attachment disorder, possible causes of attachment difficulties, the bonding cycle, therapeutic parenting, and how schools can support the re-nurturing process. (Contains…

Chapman, Sue

2002-01-01

50

Temperament and Attachment Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviewed in this article is research on children with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) who exhibit specific patterns of socially aberrant behavior resulting from be- ing maltreated or having limited opportunities to form selective attachments. There are no data explaining why 2 different patterns ofthe disorder, an emotionally with- drawn-inhibited pattern and an indiscriminate-disinhibited pattern, arise from simi- larly aberrant environments.

Charles H. Zeanah; Nathan A. Fox

2004-01-01

51

Attachment Theory and Mindfulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We initiate a dialog between two central areas in the field of psychology today: attachment theory/research and mindfulness studies. The impact of the early mother-infant relationship on child development has been well established in the literature, with attachment theorists having focused on the correlation between a mother's capacity for…

Snyder, Rose; Shapiro, Shauna; Treleaven, David

2012-01-01

52

Underwater Adhesives/Attachments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The long-term goal of the research is to expand mission capabilities of Naval Special Warfare (NSW) in the underwater attachment of munitions and sensor packages on a variety of surfaces, quickly, covertly, and under extreme environmental conditions. The ...

B. Courson B. J. Love C. Holton J. Crivello J. W. Grant

1998-01-01

53

Micromechanical die attachment surcharge  

DOEpatents

An attachment structure is disclosed for attaching a die to a supporting substrate without the use of adhesives or solder. The attachment structure, which can be formed by micromachining, functions purely mechanically in utilizing a plurality of shaped pillars (e.g. round, square or polygonal and solid, hollow or slotted) that are formed on one of the die or supporting substrate and which can be urged into contact with various types of mating structures including other pillars, a deformable layer or a plurality of receptacles that are formed on the other of the die or supporting substrate, thereby forming a friction bond that holds the die to the supporting substrate. The attachment structure can further include an alignment structure for precise positioning of the die and supporting substrate to facilitate mounting the die to the supporting substrate. The attachment structure has applications for mounting semiconductor die containing a microelectromechanical (MEM) device, a microsensor or an integrated circuit (IC), and can be used to form a multichip module. The attachment structure is particularly useful for mounting die containing released MEM devices since these devices are fragile and can otherwise be damaged or degraded by adhesive or solder mounting.

Filter, William F. (Albuquerque, NM); Hohimer, John P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

54

The reversibility of virus attachment to mineral surfaces  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Virus transport through groundwater is limited by attachment to mineral surfaces and inactivation. Current virus transport models do not consider the implications of the reversibility of virus attachment to minerals. To explore the reversibility of virus attachment to mineral surfaces, we attached PRD1, a bacteriophage considered to be a good model of enteric viruses, to quartz and ferric oxyhydroxide-coated quartz surfaces over a range of pH values in equilibrium 'static columns'. Following attachment, we detached the viruses by replacing the pore solution with solutions of equal and higher pH. The extent of virus attachment followed an attachment 'edge' that occurred at a pH value about 2.5-3.5 pH units above the pH(IEP) of the mineral surfaces. Viruses attached below this edge were irreversibly attached until the pH of the detachment solution exceeded the pH value of the attachment edge. Viruses attached above this edge were reversibly attached. Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DEVO) potential energy calculations showed that the attachment edge occurred at the pH at which the potential energy of the primary minimum was near zero, implying that the position of the primary minimum (attractive or repulsive) controlled the equilibrium distribution of the viruses. The results suggest that the reversibility of virus attachment must be considered in virus transport models for accurate predictions of virus travel time.

Loveland, J. P.; Ryan, J. N.; Amy, G. L.; Harvey, R. W.

1996-01-01

55

Teacher Page - Deutsch Klasse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On this site you will find the resource needed to teach a German Level I Course. There are links below for lesson plans and a link to the student page. This page is an introductory page for the teacher. Below are four links that will provide teachers with additional resources to use in their classrooms. Teacher Page - Lesson Plans Teacher Page - Resources Student Page - Deutsch Klasse Student WebQuests ...

Barlow, Frau

2009-11-02

56

The Revised Inventory of Parent Attachment: Measuring Attachment in Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study develops the Revised Inventory of Parental Attachment (R-IPA). The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA, Armsden & Greendberg, 1987), was reworded to ask parents their perspective of attachment towards their children. When used together the R-IPA and the IPPA rate attachment scripts from parent and adolescent's perspectives. Results suggest the original factor structure of the IPPA does

Lee N. Johnson; Scott A. Ketring; Carla Abshire

2003-01-01

57

Predictors of Child Molestation: Adult Attachment, Cognitive Distortions, and Empathy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A conceptual model derived from attachment theory was tested by examining adult attachment style, cognitive distortions, and both general and victim empathy in a sample of 61 paroled child molesters and 51 community controls. Results of logistic multiple regression showed that attachment anxiety, cognitive distortions, high general empathy but…

Wood, Eric; Riggs, Shelley

2008-01-01

58

Predictors of Child Molestation: Adult Attachment, Cognitive Distortions, and Empathy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual model derived from attachment theory was tested by examining adult attachment style, cognitive distortions, and both general and victim empathy in a sample of 61 paroled child molesters and 51 community controls. Results of logistic multiple regression showed that attachment anxiety, cognitive distortions, high general empathy but low…

Wood, Eric; Riggs, Shelley

2008-01-01

59

Stutterers Show Different Brain Development, Study Says  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Stutterers Show Different Brain Development, Study Says Less gray matter seen in ... have less gray matter in regions of the brain responsible for speech than those who don't ...

60

Reactive attachment disorder.  

PubMed

Child abuse and neglect affects the lives of many American children and can result in physical injury and disability as well as psychological trauma. Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is one possible psychological consequence of child abuse and neglect for very young children, younger than 5 years of age. RAD is described as markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness usually beginning before age 5 years. These behavioral manifestations are the direct result of and come after pathogenic care. To better understand RAD, it is first necessary to understand attachment; therefore, attachment theory is examined. Risk factors for the development of RAD are presented. Implications for pediatric nurse practitioner practice are explored. The pediatric nurse practitioner can play a vital role in recognizing RAD and ensuring that children with this disorder receive prompt mental health assessment and therapy. PMID:18590868

Hornor, Gail

2008-03-05

61

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a pair of recessed portions thereon. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings have a pair of grooves therein in which are positioned a pair of pins having a generally rectangular cross-section and a reaction surface thereon. A pair of cylindrical rollers interposed respective ones of the pair of reaction surfaces and the pair of recessed portions. The attachment system or turbine assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective attachment of a component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion to a component having a greater preestablished rate of thermal expansion. 3 figures.

Boyd, G.L.

1994-12-13

62

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a pair of recessed portions thereon. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings have a pair of grooves therein in which are positioned a pair of pins having a generally rectangular cross-section and a reaction surface thereon. A pair of cylindrical rollers interposed respective ones of the pair of reaction surfaces and the pair of recessed portions. The attachment system or turbine assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective attachment of a component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion to a component having a greater preestablished rate of thermal expansion.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA)

1994-01-01

63

Superego: an attachment perspective.  

PubMed

With the help of attachment theory and research, the paper attempts to broaden and build on classical and current views on the superego. Attachment theory's epigenetic approach and the concept of the subliminal superego are described. The superego, it is argued, is as much concerned with safety as sex. The superego is 'heir', not just to the Oedipus complex or Klein's pre-oedipal constellation, but also to the attachment relationship. Under favourable developmental conditions a 'mature superego' emerges, facilitating, in the presence of an internal secure base, maturational boundary crossings towards adult sexuality. In the light of the above, the paper reviews Lear's updating of Strachey's model of psychic change and explores the concept of transgression in relation to the 'professional superego', its development and maturation. Theoretical arguments are illustrated with clinical examples. PMID:22014367

Holmes, Jeremy

2011-03-15

64

Depression and Attachment in Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research demonstrated that depression is associated with attachment insecurity. The present study examined the association between adult attachment and depression in couples, both concurrently and longitudinally. We tested the hypothesis that, when one partner is depressed, both partners will be insecurely attached, particularly when the wife's depression is chronic. Self-reported ratings of attachment were collected in a sample of

Valerie E. Whiffen; A. Veronica Kallos-Lilly; Brian J. MacDonald

2001-01-01

65

Attachment and Women's Faith Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the relationship between human attachment and God attachment, particularly in Christian women's experiences of faith. It is based on the attachment perspective as a conceptual framework. The main aim was to evolve an attachment-theoretical approach to women's faith development and to offer a complementary path to interpret…

Joung, Eun Sim

2006-01-01

66

Ladder attachment platform  

SciTech Connect

A ladder attachment platform is provided that includes a base for attachment to a ladder that has first and second side rails and a plurality of rungs that extend between in a lateral direction. Also included is a user platform for having a user stand thereon that is carried by the base. The user platform may be positioned with respect to the ladder so that it is not located between a first plane that extends through the first side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction and a second plane that extends through the second side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction.

Swygert,; Richard, W [Springfield, SC

2012-08-28

67

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOEpatents

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.

Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.

1994-02-15

68

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOEpatents

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly.

Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); McKernan, Mark A. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01

69

Emergence of tempered preferential attachment from optimization  

PubMed Central

We show how preferential attachment can emerge in an optimization framework, resolving a long-standing theoretical controversy. We also show that the preferential attachment model so obtained has two novel features, saturation and viability, which have natural interpretations in the underlying network and lead to a power-law degree distribution with exponential cutoff. Moreover, we consider a generalized version of this preferential attachment model with independent saturation and viability, leading to a broader class of power laws again with exponential cutoff. We present a collection of empirical observations from social, biological, physical, and technological networks, for which such degree distributions give excellent fits. We suggest that, in general, optimization models that give rise to preferential attachment with saturation and viability effects form a good starting point for the analysis of many networks.

D'Souza, Raissa M.; Borgs, Christian; Chayes, Jennifer T.; Berger, Noam; Kleinberg, Robert D.

2007-01-01

70

Mother's Stress: Implications for Attachment Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study included thirty?three mothers of children who were attending a preschool program for high?risk families. The children's age ranged from 36?54 months. The Attachment Q?Set and the Parenting Stress Index were used to measure the relationships between parental stress and the security of attachment relationships. Results showed a significant negative relationship between the Child Domain section of the PSI

Azar Hadadian; John Merbler

1996-01-01

71

Reactive Attachment Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child abuse and neglect affects the lives of many American children and can result in physical injury and disability as well as psychological trauma. Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is one possible psychological consequence of child abuse and neglect for very young children, younger than 5 years of age. RAD is described as markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness usually

Gail Hornor

2008-01-01

72

Attachement et prématurité  

Microsoft Academic Search

The path leading from the desire for a child, his or her birth to the very meeting with the newborn is pregnant with psychic experiences. Among the different experiences punctuating the way is found the process of attachment, that which is necessary to the establishing and structuring the link between the newborn, his or her mother, father and family. Prematurity,

L. Pedespan

2004-01-01

73

Infant Attachment: Literature Review. Human Attachment: What We Know Now.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Theories about infant attachment state that a child's first relationship is a love relationship that will have longlasting effects on his subsequent development. The report reviews previous literature on infant attachment, describes the research gaps iden...

V. L. Colin M. L. Rife M. C. Kennedy

1991-01-01

74

Attachment of killed Mycoplasma gallisepticum cells and membranes to erythrocytes.  

PubMed Central

To correlate viability with attachment capacity, Mycoplasma gallisepticum cell harvested at different growth phases and treated by various agents were tested for their capacity to attach to human erythrocytes. The results show that viability per se is not essential for M. gallisepticum attachment to erythrocytes, as cells killed by ultraviolet irradiation anmd membranes isolated by lysing M. gallisepticum cells by various means retained attachment capacity. However, treatment of the mycoplasmas by protein-denaturing agents, such as heart, glutaraldehyde, or prolonged exposure to low pH, drastically affected or even abolished attachment, supporting the protein nature of the mycoplasma membrane components responsible for specific binding to the sialoglycoprotein receptors on the erythrocytes.

Banai, M; Kahane, I; Feldner, J; Razin, S

1981-01-01

75

Turbine nozzle attachment system  

DOEpatents

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes a pair of legs extending radially outwardly from an outer shroud and a pair of mounting legs extending radially inwardly from an inner shroud. Each of the pair of legs and mounting legs have a pair of holes therein. A plurality of members attached to the gas turbine engine have a plurality of bores therein which axially align with corresponding ones of the pair of holes in the legs. A plurality of pins are positioned within the corresponding holes and bores radially positioning the nozzle guide vane assembly about a central axis of the gas turbine engine.

Norton, Paul F. (San Diego, CA); Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

76

FAS Attache Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the US Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), this daily updated database of attache reports on the agricultural situation and agricultural trade in other countries currently contains nearly 12,500 reports. Dating from 1995 to the present, the reports cover individual countries (almost 130), specific commodities and products, and trade policy. Users may search the database by commodity, country, subject, and AGR number. Searches may be further modified by date.

Service., United S.

77

Attachment, skin deep? Relationships between adult attachment and skin barrier recovery.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship between individual differences in adult attachment and skin barrier recovery. Dating couples (N = 34) completed a self-report measure of attachment anxiety and avoidance, and during two separate laboratory visits, normal skin barrier function was disrupted using a tape-stripping procedure, followed by a 20 min discussion of personal concerns in one visit and relationship problems in the other, counterbalanced randomly across visits. Skin barrier recovery was assessed by measuring transepidermal water loss up to 2 h after skin disruption. Multilevel modeling showed that skin barrier recovery did not differ between the personal concern or relationship problem discussions. Among women, greater attachment anxiety predicted faster skin barrier recovery across the two visits, while greater attachment avoidance predicted slower skin barrier recovery. Among men, greater attachment anxiety predicted slower skin barrier recovery during the personal concern discussion only. The observed effects remained significant after controlling for transepidermal water loss in undisturbed skin, suggesting that the relationship between attachment security and skin barrier recovery was not due to other skin-related factors like sweating. Cortisol changes, self-reported emotions, stress appraisals, and supportiveness ratings were tested as potential mediators, and none explained the relationships between attachment and skin barrier recovery. These findings are the first to demonstrate associations between individual differences in attachment style and restorative biological processes in the skin, even in a sample of young dating couples in satisfied relationships. PMID:22546664

Robles, Theodore F; Brooks, Kathryn P; Kane, Heidi S; Schetter, Christine Dunkel

2012-04-27

78

An overview of frenal attachments  

PubMed Central

Frenal attachments are thin folds of mucous membrane with enclosed muscle fibers that attach the lips to the alveolar mucosa and underlying periosteum. Most often, during the oral examination of the patient the dentist gives very little importance to the frenum, for assessing its morpholology and attachment. However, it has been seen that an abnormal frenum can be an indicator of a syndrome. This paper highlights the different frenal attachments seen in association with various syndromic as well as non-syndromic conditions.

Priyanka, M.; Sruthi, R.; Ramakrishnan, T.; Emmadi, Pamela; Ambalavanan, N.

2013-01-01

79

Removable partial overdentures with mechanical (precision) attachments.  

PubMed

Mechanical attachments for overdentures have been available in various forms for over a century. The explosive interest in osseointegration and the effort on the part of the profession to avoid the complete denture as a treatment modality has stirred the interest in positive retentive elements for overdentures represented by the mechanical stud and bar attachments. The cited references provide a resource as a trouble-free guide in the selection and use of the various stud and bar attachment systems. The clinical examples show a pattern of application not generally discussed by the manufacturers, illustrating the simplicity of use with the options for all attachments including magnets. The discussion on magnets comes from 9 years of clinical experience. Rare earth magnets provide excellent adjunct retention, and their assembly follows the same protocol and complexity as stud attachment systems. All magnets, at the present state of the art, have a corrosion potential with the exception of the Laser Sealed Units (Golden Dental, Golden, CO). Finally, the mechanics of the attachment overdenture serves as an excellent training field for the osseointegrated prosthesis, be it the classic Brånemark (Nobelpharma USA, Chicago, IL) restorative or the implant overdenture concept. PMID:2227040

Mensor, M C

1990-10-01

80

Introduction: attachment theory and psychotherapy.  

PubMed

In this introduction to the JCLP: In Session 69(11) issue on attachment theory and psychotherapy, the key points of attachment theory (Bowlby, , , 1981) and its relevance to psychotherapy are briefly described. The aim of this issue is to provide case illustrations of how an attachment theory perspective and principles can expand our understanding of psychotherapy practice. PMID:24122423

Levy, Kenneth N

2013-10-02

81

Attachment as Regulation: A Commentary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses ways in which Myron Hofer's work (1987), which draws on studies of rodents and primates, alters the traditional perspective on human attachment. Emphasizes the importance of the component of attachment that does not develop in explaining attachment in the first six months of life. (PCB)

Pipp, Sandra; Harmon, Robert J.

1987-01-01

82

Attachment: Theoretical Development and Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Zeanah argues that ethological attachment theory, as outlined by John Bowlby, has provided one of the most important frameworks for understanding crucial risk and protective factors in social and emotional development. However, although attachment theory and the notion of attachment disorders have influenced such initiatives, many psychologists,…

Slater, Ruth

2007-01-01

83

Wavelet Based Page Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The process of page segmentation produces adescription of the spatial extent and position ofvarious components on the document page. In thispaper, we present an approach for segmentation of ageneral document page image using wavelets. Thismethod uses orthonormal wavelet decomposition toextract the attributes of the document spread overdifferent scales. We have devised a scheme for theparameterisation of the font-size of

P. Gupta; N. Vohra; S. Chaudhury; S. Joshi

2000-01-01

84

Stability of Attachment Representations during Adolescence: The Influence of Ego-Identity Status.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines two core assumptions of attachment theory: internal working models of attachment should increase in stability during development, and attachment is related to the adaptive solution of stage-salient issues, in adolescence, specifically to identity formation. Results show secure attachment representation was positively associated with the…

Zimmermann, Peter; Becker-Stoll, Fabienne

2002-01-01

85

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine flange having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine flange includes a first upstanding flange and a second upstanding flange having a groove formed between them. The turbine flange further includes a recess. Each of the first and second upstanding flanges have a plurality of bores therein. A turbine blade has a first member and a second member positioned in one of the groove and the recess. Each of the first member and the second member have a plurality of bores therein. A pin is positioned in respective ones of the plurality of bores in the first and second upstanding members and the first and second members and attach the blade to the turbine flange. The pin has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being substantially equal to the rate of thermal expansion of the blade. 4 figs.

Frey, G.A.; Jimenez, O.D.

1996-12-03

86

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine flange having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine flange includes a first upstanding flange and a second upstanding flange having a groove formed therebetween. The turbine flange further includes a recess. Each of the first and second upstanding flanges have a plurality of bores therein. A turbine blade has a first member and a second member positioned in one of the groove and the recess. Each of the first member and the second member have a plurality of bores therein. And, a pin is positioned in respective ones of the plurality of bores in the first and second upstanding members and the first and second members and attach the blade to the turbine flange. The pin has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being substantially equal to the rate of thermal expansion of the blade.

Frey, deceased, Gary A. (late of Poway, CA); Jimenez, Oscar D. (Escondia, CA)

1996-01-01

87

Social Bookmarking Induced Active Page Ranking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social bookmarking services have recently made it possible for us to register and share our own bookmarks on the web and are attracting attention. The services let us get structured data: (URL, Username, Timestamp, Tag Set). And these data represent user interest in web pages. The number of bookmarks is a barometer of web page value. Some web pages have many bookmarks, but most of those bookmarks may have been posted far in the past. Therefore, even if a web page has many bookmarks, their value is not guaranteed. If most of the bookmarks are very old, the page may be obsolete. In this paper, by focusing on the timestamp sequence of social bookmarkings on web pages, we model their activation levels representing current values. Further, we improve our previously proposed ranking method for web search by introducing the activation level concept. Finally, through experiments, we show effectiveness of the proposed ranking method.

Takahashi, Tsubasa; Kitagawa, Hiroyuki; Watanabe, Keita

88

Can prenatal teaching promote maternal attachment? Practicing nurses test Carter?Jessop's prenatal attachment intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study testing the Carter?Jessop prenatal attachment intervention was conducted by practicing public health nurses to determine if teaching fetal palpation and massage during the third trimester of pregnancy would show a relationship to maternal attachment behaviors postpartum. The sample consisted of 69 primiparas and multi?paras from a low?income, multi?ethnic population. Unlike Carter?Jessop's findings, no significant relationships were found between

Kathy Carson; Susan Virden

1984-01-01

89

The role of attachment avoidance in extradyadic sex.  

PubMed

The purposes of the present research were to examine the relationship between attachment and extradyadic sex and to investigate a mediator of this relationship. Study 1 showed that attachment avoidance was positively associated with extradyadic sex, while attachment anxiety was unrelated to it. These results were maintained after controlling for sexual satisfaction, sexual desire, gender, and age. Study 2 replicated the results from Study 1, while also controlling for couple adjustment. Study 3 used a prospective design and further showed that concerns with the partner's desire for engagement mediated the relationship between attachment avoidance and extradyadic sex. Overall, the findings suggest that attachment avoidance increases people's irritation relative to their partner's desire for engagement which, in turn, increases their likelihood to engage in extradyadic sex. The possibility that individuals characterized by attachment avoidance might use extradyadic sex as a way to distance themselves from their partner is discussed. PMID:21506032

Beaulieu-Pelletier, Genevieve; Philippe, Frederick L; Lecours, Serge; Couture, Stephanie

2011-05-01

90

Impact of search engines on page popularity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies show that a majority of Web page accesses are referred by search engines. In this paper we study the widespread use of Web search engines and its impact on the ecology of the Web. In particular, we study how much impact search engines have on the popularity evolution of Web pages. For example, given that search engines return

Junghoo Cho; Sourashis Roy

2004-01-01

91

Structure, attachment properties, and ecological importance of the attachment system of English ivy (Hedera helix)  

PubMed Central

Root climbers such as English ivy (Hedera helix) rely on specialized adventitious roots for attachment, enabling the plants to climb on a wide range of natural and artificial substrates. Despite their importance for the climbing habit, the biomechanical properties of these specialized adventitious roots compared with standard roots and their performance in the attachment to different host species or inert substrates have not been studied. Here organs and tissues involved in the attachment are characterized and their significance in regard to a broader functional and ecological aspect is discussed. Depending on the substrate, the root clusters show different types of failure modes at various frequencies, demonstrating the close interaction between the climber and its substrates. With a Young’s Modulus of 109.2?MPa, the attachment roots are relatively stiff for non-woody roots. The central cylinders of the attachment roots show a high tensile strength of 38?MPa and a very high extensibility of 34%. In host trees naturally co-distributed with English ivy, a ‘balanced’ occurrence of failure of the attachment system of the climber and the bark of the host is found, suggesting a co-evolution of climber and host. Maximum loads of root clusters normalized by the number of roots match those of individually tested attachment roots. In comparison with most subterranean roots the properties and structure of the attachment roots of English ivy show distinct differences. There exist similarities to the properties found for roots of Galium aparine, suggesting a trend in not fully self-supporting plants towards a higher extensibility.

Melzer, Bjorn; Seidel, Robin; Steinbrecher, Tina; Speck, Thomas

2012-01-01

92

Structure, attachment properties, and ecological importance of the attachment system of English ivy (Hedera helix).  

PubMed

Root climbers such as English ivy (Hedera helix) rely on specialized adventitious roots for attachment, enabling the plants to climb on a wide range of natural and artificial substrates. Despite their importance for the climbing habit, the biomechanical properties of these specialized adventitious roots compared with standard roots and their performance in the attachment to different host species or inert substrates have not been studied. Here organs and tissues involved in the attachment are characterized and their significance in regard to a broader functional and ecological aspect is discussed. Depending on the substrate, the root clusters show different types of failure modes at various frequencies, demonstrating the close interaction between the climber and its substrates. With a Young's Modulus of 109.2 MPa, the attachment roots are relatively stiff for non-woody roots. The central cylinders of the attachment roots show a high tensile strength of 38 MPa and a very high extensibility of 34%. In host trees naturally co-distributed with English ivy, a 'balanced' occurrence of failure of the attachment system of the climber and the bark of the host is found, suggesting a co-evolution of climber and host. Maximum loads of root clusters normalized by the number of roots match those of individually tested attachment roots. In comparison with most subterranean roots the properties and structure of the attachment roots of English ivy show distinct differences. There exist similarities to the properties found for roots of Galium aparine, suggesting a trend in not fully self-supporting plants towards a higher extensibility. PMID:21914660

Melzer, Björn; Seidel, Robin; Steinbrecher, Tina; Speck, Thomas

2011-09-13

93

A pilot study of attachment patterns in adult twins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hypothesis that attachment in adults is influenced by genetic factors was investigated. The within-pair differences in attachment representation in same-sex monozygotic and dizygotic twins were compared using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The results showed a clear tendency toward monozygotic twins (n = 28) being more concordant than dizygotic twins (n = 13), but the within-pair similarity was also high in both zygosity

Anne Mari Torgersen; Bjørg K. Grova; Renate Sommerstad

2007-01-01

94

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a first groove and a second groove therein. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings has a first groove and a second groove therein. The space or void formed between the first grooves and the second grooves has a plurality of spherical balls positioned therein. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

95

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine disc having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade and forms a turbine assembly. The turbine blade has a root portion defining a pair of sides having a pair of grooves therein. The turbine assembly includes a pair of flanges between which the turbine blades are positioned. Each of the pair of flanges has a plurality of grooves defined therein. The grooves within the pair of flanges are aligned with the grooves in the blades and have a space formed therebetween. A plurality of spherical balls are positioned within the space. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

96

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a first groove and a second groove therein. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings has a first groove and a second groove therein. The space or void formed between the first grooves and the second grooves has a plurality of spherical balls positioned therein. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. 4 figures.

Shaffer, J.E.

1995-01-10

97

Attachment, loss and rediscovery.  

PubMed

This paper suggests that separation and loss in early childhood may be less critical to later life than some people believe. Rather, internalization--after as well as before, age five--may be a developmental process to which psychotherapists need to pay particular attention. By attending to our patient's experiences of separation and loss, we allow them a metaphor, a language, with which they can describe the vicissitudes of lasting attachments. Similarly, the separation/individuation process of infancy, popularized by Klein and Mahler, is important, not just because it describes the biosocial fact of preverbal infancy but because it draws our attention to a metaphor that describes the struggle for identity that characterizes young adulthood. PMID:3224944

Vaillant, G E

1988-01-01

98

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine disc having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade and forms a turbine assembly. The turbine blade has a root portion defining a pair of sides having a pair of grooves therein. The turbine assembly includes a pair of flanges between which the turbine blades are positioned. Each of the pair of flanges has a plurality of grooves defined therein. The grooves within the pair of flanges are aligned with the grooves in the blades and have a space formed therebetween. A plurality of spherical balls are positioned within the space. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. 4 figs.

Shaffer, J.E.

1995-07-11

99

Pipeline paging for wireless systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In sequential paging (SP) schemes, the paging process is considered on a per user basis. When an incoming call reaches a mobile terminal (MT), the associated location area is divided into several paging areas (PAs) and PAs are paged one by one until the MT is found. Even though SP algorithms can reduce the paging cost compared to blanket paging

Yang Xiao; Hui Chen; M. Guizani

2005-01-01

100

Electron attachment to fluorocarbon radicals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal electron attachment rate constants for a series of small fluorocarbon radicals (CF2, C2F3, 1-C3F7, 2-C3F7, C3F5, CF3O) were measured from 300 to 600 K using the variable electron and neutral density attachment mass spectrometry method. With the exception of CF2, for which no attachment was observed, all species exclusively underwent dissociative attachment to yield F-. The magnitude and temperature dependences of the rate constants varied significantly between species; however, attachment was in all cases inefficient, never exceeding 2% of the calculated collisional value. The data are interpreted and extrapolated to conditions inaccessible to the experiment using a kinetic modeling approach to the electron attachment process.

Shuman, Nicholas S.; Miller, Thomas M.; Viggiano, A. A.

2012-12-01

101

Sentence-Level Attachment Prediction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attachment prediction is the task of automatically identifying email messages that should contain an attachment. This can be useful to tackle the problem of sending out emails but forgetting to include the relevant attachment (something that happens all too often). A common Information Retrieval (IR) approach in analyzing documents such as emails is to treat the entire document as a bag of words. Here we propose a finer-grained analysis to address the problem. We aim at identifying individual sentences within an email that refer to an attachment. If we detect any such sentence, we predict that the email should have an attachment. Using part of the Enron corpus for evaluation we find that our finer-grained approach outperforms previously reported document-level attachment prediction in similar evaluation settings.

Albakour, M.-Dyaa; Kruschwitz, Udo; Lucas, Simon

102

Attachment Behavior of Children Adopted Internationally at Six Months Post Adoption  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this pilot study was to describe attachment behavior in children adopted internationally at 6 months post adoption. Twenty-two children and their adoptive mothers were observed at home for completion of an attachment measure. Mothers also completed a questionnaire on their child’s preadoption care. Comparisons of children low and high in attachment security suggested that low secure children showed predominantly ambivalent attachment behavior or that they were still in the process of forming an attachment. Children having foster versus orphanage care prior to adoption differed in quality of preadoption care and in certain attachment behaviors, but not in overall attachment security.

Niemann, Sandra; Weiss, Sandra

2012-01-01

103

Attachment Behavior of Children Adopted Internationally at Six Months Post Adoption.  

PubMed

The purpose of this pilot study was to describe attachment behavior in children adopted internationally at 6 months post adoption. Twenty-two children and their adoptive mothers were observed at home for completion of an attachment measure. Mothers also completed a questionnaire on their child's preadoption care. Comparisons of children low and high in attachment security suggested that low secure children showed predominantly ambivalent attachment behavior or that they were still in the process of forming an attachment. Children having foster versus orphanage care prior to adoption differed in quality of preadoption care and in certain attachment behaviors, but not in overall attachment security. PMID:22468118

Niemann, Sandra; Weiss, Sandra

2011-12-01

104

Using attachment theory in mentoring.  

PubMed

Attachment theory is a useful way to understand the bond between children and the people with whom they have emotional ties--usually caregivers. The theory can also help us to understand any adult relationship that provides closeness and a sense of attachment, especially in times of stress or need. Understanding the nature, cause and effect of the role and function of attachment from a training and development perspective, and different styles of attachment, may improve the quality of the mentoring experience for both mentors and mentees. PMID:22013770

Miles, Kerri

105

Pathological attachment and attachment style in late adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory is frequently invoked to account for patterns of adaptation within relationships. West and Sheldon derived a measure of dysfunctional adult attachment from Bowlby's theory. Four patterns are identified: compulsive self-reliance; caregiving; care-seeking; and angry withdrawal. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of this promising measure, and to assess its ability to predict symptomatology

DANIEL K. LAPSLEY; NICOLE M. VARSHNEY; MATTHEW C. AALSMA

2000-01-01

106

Testing attachment point theory: diatom attachment on microtextured polyimide biomimics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores diatom attachment to a range of laser etched polyimide surfaces to directly test ‘attachment point theory’. Static bioassays were conducted on microtextured polyimide surfaces using four diatom species, Fallacia carpentariae, Nitzschia cf. paleacea, Amphora sp. and Navicula jeffreyi with cell sizes ranging from 1 – 14 ?m. The microtextured polyimides were modelled from natural fouling resistant bivalve surfaces and had

A. J. Scardino; E. Harvey; R. De Nys

2006-01-01

107

Religion as attachment: normative processes and individual differences.  

PubMed

The authors review findings from the psychology of religion showing that believers' perceived relationships with God meet the definitional criteria for attachment relationships. They also review evidence for associations between aspects of religion and individual differences in interpersonal attachment security and insecurity. They focus on two developmental pathways to religion. The first is a "compensation" pathway involving distress regulation in the context of insecure attachment and past experiences of insensitive caregiving. Research suggests that religion as compensation might set in motion an "earned security" process for individuals who are insecure with respect to attachment. The second is a "correspondence" pathway based on secure attachment and past experiences with sensitive caregivers who were religious. The authors also discuss conceptual limitations of a narrow religion-as-attachment model and propose a more inclusive framework that accommodates concepts such as mindfulness and "nonattachment" from nontheistic religions such as Buddhism and New Age spirituality. PMID:20023208

Granqvist, Pehr; Mikulincer, Mario; Shaver, Phillip R

2009-12-18

108

Unusual Molecular Architecture of the Machupo Virus Attachment Glycoprotein? †  

PubMed Central

New World arenaviruses, which cause severe hemorrhagic fever, rely upon their envelope glycoproteins for attachment and fusion into their host cell. Here we present the crystal structure of the Machupo virus GP1 attachment glycoprotein, which is responsible for high-affinity binding at the cell surface to the transferrin receptor. This first structure of an arenavirus glycoprotein shows that GP1 consists of a novel ?/? fold. This provides a blueprint of the New World arenavirus attachment glycoproteins and reveals a new architecture of viral attachment, using a protein fold of unknown origins.

Bowden, Thomas A.; Crispin, Max; Graham, Stephen C.; Harvey, David J.; Grimes, Jonathan M.; Jones, E. Yvonne; Stuart, David I.

2009-01-01

109

Attachment and adolescent depression: the impact of early attachment experiences.  

PubMed

Bowlby's (1969/1982) ideas of attachment as an interactional system provide the basis for an understanding of the development of adaptive and maladaptive working models of the self and other. More specifically, attachment theory can offer an in-depth understanding into the development of a depressotypic self-schema. Attachment theory is set alongside research into adolescent depression in order to illustrate the importance of the primary attachment relationship in protecting adolescents in our society from developing depressive symptomatology. Therefore, current research in adolescent depression is viewed through the lens of attachment theory. This view is complemented by an exploration of the role of culture in the production of gender differences in depression. Thus, a tripartite model of adolescent depression, including the individual, family relationships, and socio-cultural factors is offered as being of potential value for clinicians and researchers in this area. PMID:16332584

Shaw, Samantha K; Dallos, Rudi

2005-12-01

110

Show that a Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This essentially goes backwards; if certain conditions are met, then a quadrilateral can be shown to be a paralleogram. Find the proofs for Theorems 8.7, 8.8, 8.9, and 8.10 in the McDougall Littell text on pages 522 - 524 (go to classzone.com and login): Class Zone Geometry Textbook Now, find the box that shows five ways to prove that a quadrilateral is a parallelogram (page 525 in the text): Class Zone Geometry Textbook Here is an activity to see if ...

Neubert, Mrs.

2011-02-15

111

Microbial attachment to particles in marine and freshwater ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scanning electron microscopy observations ofin situ suspended marine and freshwater particles show diverse but similar modes of bacterial and fungal attachment. A survey of Sierra Nevada mountain lakes and pelagic and near-shore waters in the Pacific Ocean indicates that attachment is most noticeable in the near-surface waters where fresh dissolved and particulate input of carbon from phytoplankton and elevated temperatures

Hans W. Paerl

1975-01-01

112

Adult attachment and attentional inhibition of interpersonal stimuli  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two studies, we used a negative affective priming task with pictures of angry (Study 1), sad (Study 2), and happy faces (Studies 1 and 2) to measure attentional inhibition of emotional stimuli as a function of attachment style. Results showed that attachment avoidance was associated with a stronger inhibition of both angry and sad faces. This indicates that the

Marieke Dewitte

2011-01-01

113

Attachment and Relational Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of Emotional Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated associations among one partner's relational satisfaction and the other partner's style of attachment and emotional communication. Findings from a questionnaire study involving 581 couples showed that participants reported more relational satisfaction when their partners scored high in security and low in dismissiveness and preoccupation. These associations between one's relational satisfaction and the partner's attachment style were partially

Laura K. Guerrero; Lisa Farinelli; Bree McEwan

2009-01-01

114

Auger Attachment Method for Insulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An auger device is used to attach rigid surface insulation to a spacecraft. The auger is screwed into an insulation tile which has been predrilled. The augertile combination is then fastened to the spacecraft using an attachment screw which penetrates the...

W. C. Schneider

1974-01-01

115

Separation anxiety, attachment and agoraphobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a framework of attachment, developed by John Bowlby, the anxiety disorder of agoraphobia (fear of leaving familiar surroundings, especially when alone) is conceived as a condition of anxious attachment, related to fear of separation from those with whom one has formed affectional bonds. Bowlby attributes this anxiety to earlier separation or loss experiences or threat of separation. Uncertain about

Pat Sable

1994-01-01

116

Beyond PageRank: machine learning for static ranking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the publication of Brin and Page's paper on P ageRank, many in the Web community have depended on PageRank for the static (query-independent) ordering of Web pages. We show that we can significantly outperform PageRank using features that are independent of the link structure of the Web. We ga in a further boost in accuracy by using data on

Matthew Richardson; Amit Prakash; Eric Brill

2006-01-01

117

Wetlands and Web Pages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that the preservation of areas like the Shoreline Park (California) wetlands depends on educating students about the value of natural resources. Describes the creation of a Web page on the wetlands for third-grade students by seventh-grade art and ecology students. Outlines the technical process of developing a Web page. (DSK)|

Tisone-Bartels, Dede

1998-01-01

118

Effect of attachment strategies on bipartite networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bipartite systems show remarkable variations in their topological asymptotic properties, e.g., in their degree distribution. Such variations depend on the underlying growth dynamics. A scenario of particular importance is when the two partitions of the bipartite structure do not grow at an equal rate. Here, we focus on the case where one of the partitions can be assumed to be fixed while the other partition grows in time as observed in the codon-gene or alphabet-word network. We show that subtle changes in growth dynamics, particularly in the attachment kernel, can lead to drastic changes of the emergent topological properties. We present a detail analysis of various growth strategies, including sequential and parallel addition of nodes, as well as with and without replacement attachment kernels. Analytical results have been compared with stochastic simulations as well as with real systems showing in all cases an excellent agreement.

Ganguly, Niloy; Saha, Sudipta; Maiti, Abyayananda; Agarwal, Sanket; Peruani, Fernando; Mukherjee, Animesh

2013-06-01

119

Reactive Attachment Disorder: A Biopsychosocial Disturbance of Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The etiology, differential diagnosis, and treatment of Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) are discussed utilizing a psychodynamically-informed\\u000a biopsychosocial approach. Early trauma in childhood attachment experiences alters the structures, neuro-chemicals, and connectivity\\u000a of the brain. The neurobiological effects of childhood neglect equal and even surpass the impact of abuse and related trauma.\\u000a This paper discusses structures in the brain involved in early

James R. Corbin

2007-01-01

120

Everything You Want To Know about Attachment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses infant attachment, which it defines as a long-lasting emotional bond revealed when a child under stress seeks out and tries to stay close to a specific figure. The paper addresses: (1) What is attachment? Who are the pioneers in attachment theory?; (2) How do we notice attachment in action?; (3) Is attachment the only…

Honig, Alice Sterling

121

Agrobacterium tumefaciens mutants affected in attachment to plant cells.  

PubMed Central

An analysis of Agrobacterium tumefaciens mutants with Tn5 insertions in chromosomal DNA showed that the chromosome of A. tumefaciens codes for a specific ability of this bacterium to attach to plant cells. This ability is associated with tumorigenesis by A. tumefaciens, the ability of avirulent A. tumefaciens to inhibit tumorigenesis, and the ability to adsorb certain phages. A second class of chromosomal mutations affects tumorigenesis without altering the ability to attach to plant cells. The attachment of A. tumefaciens to plant cells was assayed by mixing radiolabeled bacteria with suspensions of tobacco tissue culture cells or freshly isolated Zinnia leaf mesophyll cells. Under the conditions of this assay, an avirulent Ti plasmid-cured strain attached to the same extent as the same strain containing pTiB6806. Six of eight avirulent mutants with Tn5 insertions in chromosomal DNA showed defective attachment, whereas two retained wild-type attachment ability. In contrast to the strains showing wild-type attachment, the attachment-defective mutants failed to inhibit tumorigenesis when inoculated onto Jerusalem artichoke slices before inoculation of a virulent strain and also showed a loss of sensitivity to two Agrobacterium phages. The loss of phage sensitivity appeared to be due to a loss of ability to adsorb the phages. Staining with Calcofluor indicated that the mutants retained the ability to synthesize cellulose fibrils, which have been implicated in the attachment process. Southern filter hybridizations demonstrated that each mutant contained a single Tn5 insertion, and genetic linkage between the Tn5 insertion in one mutant and the attachment phenotype has also been demonstrated. Images

Douglas, C J; Halperin, W; Nester, E W

1982-01-01

122

MMAB Sea Ice Analysis Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the sea ice analysis page of the Marine Modeling and Analysis Branch (MMAB) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Users can access images of sea ice extent that can be animated to show the previous 30 days activity. Images are available for the entire globe, the Northern Hemisphere (Alsaka, Sea of Okhotsk, and Sea of Japan), and the Southern Hemisphere (Weddell Polynya Watch, Ross Sea and Amery Basin). Information on sea ice modelling and forecasts is also accessible.

123

Television Quiz Show Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the simulation of four television quiz shows for students in China studying English as a foreign language (EFL). It discusses the adaptation and implementation of television quiz shows and how the students reacted to them.|

Hill, Jonnie Lynn

2007-01-01

124

Flame Attachement to Vsu 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This instruction manual provides the information necessary for the conversion of the VSU2 spectrophotometer to a flame photometer by use of a flame attachment. With this, the measuring principle of the unregistered radiation photometer, can be basically o...

1973-01-01

125

Attachment at work and performance.  

PubMed

This paper examines the relations between self-reported attachment orientation at work and personality, self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence (aka emotional self-efficacy), and independently assessed career potential and job performance. Self-report data were collected from 211 managers in an international business in the hospitality industry; independent assessments of these managers' job performance and career potential were separately obtained from the organization. A self-report measure of romantic attachment was adapted for application in the work context; a two-factor solution was found for this measure. Secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work was positively related to self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, and also to job performance. Not only was secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work statistically predictive of job performance, but the new measure also made a distinct contribution, beyond conscientiousness, to this prediction. PMID:21838647

Neustadt, Elizabeth A; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Furnham, Adrian

2011-09-01

126

Mother-to-Infant Attachment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three separate studies were conducted. Study 1 tried to determine whether the infant's contribution to a reciprocal interaction, which the mother perceives is necessary to the formation of mother-to-infant attachment. In the second study observations were...

J. H. Kennel M. H. Klaus D. Drotar M. A. Trause

1980-01-01

127

Facilitating attachment after international adoption.  

PubMed

Americans have increasingly turned to international adoption (IA) as an alternative way to build a family. Unfortunately, IA families are often being developed under conditions of loss, and sometimes these families struggle to form healthy attachments to each other. Disordered attachment (the failure to form a reciprocal, loving bond between parent and child) can occur, and can have devastating consequences. In some instances, IA children have been relinquished into state foster care systems; other families simply struggle for years caring for a developmentally delayed child who appears to have no emotion for his/her adoptive family. Nurses are likely to have contact with IA families and can use their education about attachment and bonding to help facilitate attachment in these developing families. Swanson's caring theory provides a clinically useful guide to meet this need. PMID:19587563

Murphy, Natalie L

128

Gelatin Volcanoes: Teacher Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Teacher Page of an activity that teaches students how and why magma moves inside volcanoes by injecting colored water into a clear gelatin cast. Activity preparation instructions are on the Student Page, while the Teacher Page has background, preparation, and in-class information. An extension activity has the students repeat the experiment using a square bread pan to simulate the original research that was done using elongate models with triangular cross-sections. This activity is part of Exploring Planets in the Classroom's Volcanology section.

129

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

130

Early patterns of maternal attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between maternal?fetal attachment and maternal?child interaction was examined. The Maternal Fetal Attachment Scale (Cranley, 1981) was administered to 32 women between their 35th and 40th weeks of pregnancy. These mothers were observed again while they fed their infants once on the second and once on the third postpartum days. Their interactive behaviors were then rated on the Nursing

Judith Rivinus Fuller

1990-01-01

131

18 CFR 156.4 - Form of exhibits to be attached to applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...applications. (a) General requirements. Each exhibit shall contain a title page showing applicant's name, Docket No. CP- ___ (number designation to be left blank), title of exhibit, and if exhibit consists of 10 or more pages a table...

2013-04-01

132

Control of jet structure by crown-shaped nozzle attachments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was undertaken to examine the effect of crown-shaped nozzle attachments on the near field of an otherwise axisymmetric jet. The flow structure was investigated under both axially forced and unforced conditions. Time-averaged views of the unforced flow showed significant deviations of the jet from axisymmetry. Phase-averaged views of the forced flow revealed strong variations in entrainment along different azimuthal planes. Also, the phase-averaged visualizations showed repeatable coherent longitudinal vortex structures attached to the larger-scale vortex rings. When tooth length and number on the nozzle attachments were varied, the stability and propagation patterns of these longitudinal structures could be altered.

Longmire, Ellen K.; Eaton, John K.; Elkins, Christopher J.

1991-01-01

133

Engineered antifouling microtopographies: an energetic model that predicts cell attachment.  

PubMed

We have developed a model for the prediction of cell attachment to engineered microtopographies based on two previous models: the attachment point theory and the engineered roughness index (ERI) model. The new surface energetic attachment (SEA) model is based on both the properties of the cell-material interface and the size and configuration of the topography relative to the organism. We have used Monte Carlo simulation to examine the SEA model's ability to predict relative attachment of the green alga Ulva linza to different locations within a unit cell. We have also compared the predicted relative attachment for Ulva linza, the diatom Navicula incerta, the marine bacterium Cobetia marina, and the barnacle cyprid Balanus amphitrite to a wide variety of microtopographies. We demonstrate good correlation between the experimental results and the model results for all tested experimental data and thus show the SEA model may be used as a powerful indicator of the efficacy for antifouling topographies. PMID:24044383

Decker, Joseph T; Kirschner, Chelsea M; Long, Christopher J; Finlay, John A; Callow, Maureen E; Callow, James A; Brennan, Anthony B

2013-10-08

134

View of redwood planks attached to the face of Lake ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of redwood planks attached to the face of Lake Sabrina Dam, close-up, detail showing overlapping planks at right edge of photo - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Lake Sabrina Dam, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

135

Attachment #8A Part IV - Environmental Impact of Food ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text Version... with Mirel, also attached are reports showing “heavy metals” far below ... and non-bottle food-contact articles including cups, clamshells, and plates. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling

136

JAMA Patient Page: Concussion  

MedlinePLUS

JAMA PATIENT PAGE Concussion C oncussion (or mild traumatic brain injury) is a brain injury caused by blunt head trauma. In the United States, concussion affects more than 1 million individuals each year. ...

137

Making Pages That Move.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the mechanism of producing dynamic computer pages which is based on three technologies: (1) the document object model; (2) cascading stylesheets; and (3) javascript. Discusses the applications of these techniques in genetics and developmental biology. (YDS)

Gepner, Ivan

2001-01-01

138

JAMA Patient Page: Retinopathy  

MedlinePLUS

... jama.com. A Patient Page on causes of visual impairment was published in the October 15, 2003, issue. ... health problems that put them at risk for visual impairment should see an ophthalmologist (a doctor with specialized ...

139

The Molecular Structure Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides three ways to see molecules. They are the empirical formula, the structural formula, and the molecular model. The learner must click on one of the options. Additional free downloads may be required to see the images.

2010-01-01

140

JAMA Patient Page: Grief  

MedlinePLUS

... of the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Grief G rief (bereavement) is the emotional and physical ... specifically to treat people with complicated grief. ABNORMAL GRIEF FOR MORE INFORMATION • National Mental Health Association 800/ ...

141

Screenwriters and Playwrights Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Screenwriters and Playwrights Page offers a variety of resources and services of special interest to professional and student scriptwriters alike, from film and script databases, format templates, marketing strategies, and discussion of the nuts-and-bolts of scriptwriting.

142

The Role of Adolescent Attachment in Moderating and Mediating the Links Between Parent and Adolescent Psychological Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined whether adolescent attachment security and attachment-related representations moderate and mediate, respectively, the link between parent symptoms (depressive and anxiety) and adolescent depressive symptoms. Participants were 189 (118 girls) eleventh graders and their parents in a community sample. Results showed that adolescent attachment moderated the connection between parent and adolescent symptoms; in most cases attachment security was

Susan S. Woodhouse; Fatima Ramos-Marcuse; Katherine B. Ehrlich; Stephanie Warner; Jude Cassidy

2009-01-01

143

Mazda Miata Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mazda Miata Home Page, produced by Gary J. Fischman of Menlo Park, California offers tons of information about the Mazda MX-5 Miata -- the '90s re-creation of a classic roadster from the '60s. Its popularity has attained cult-like status worldwide. The Miata page provides information on the car, archives of the listserver devoted to it, information on local and regional events and clubs, and a marketplace for aftermarket products and services.

144

Web Page Evaluations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use the two chemical element web sites below to evaluate which site is more reliable. Which is more authoritative? Which is more accurate? Which is more current? How does their coverage or detail compare? Is there advertising on the page? Is there bias or objectivity? ChemicalElements.com Web Elements Evaluation Criteria by Susan E. Beck - links to a page that will help you evaluate each website. ...

Schultz, Ms.

2010-05-06

145

Gelatin Volcanoes: Student Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Student Page of an activity that teaches students how and why magma moves inside volcanoes by injecting colored water into a clear gelatin cast. The Student Page contains the activity preparation instructions and materials list, key words, and a photograph of the experimental setup. There is also an extension activity question that has students predict what will happen when the experiment is run using an elongated model. This activity is part of Exploring Planets in the Classroom's Volcanology section.

146

Blue native PAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blue native PAGE (BN-PAGE) can be used for one-step isolation of protein complexes from biological membranes and total cell and tissue homogenates. It can also be used to determine native protein masses and oligomeric states and to identify physiological protein–protein interactions. Native complexes are recovered from gels by electroelution or diffusion and are used for 2D crystallization and electron microscopy

Ilka Wittig; Hans-Peter Braun; Hermann Schägger

2006-01-01

147

Tricine–SDS-PAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tricine–SDS-PAGE is commonly used to separate proteins in the mass range 1–100 kDa. It is the preferred electrophoretic system for the resolution of proteins smaller than 30 kDa. The concentrations of acrylamide used in the gels are lower than in other electrophoretic systems. These lower concentrations facilitate electroblotting, which is particularly crucial for hydrophobic proteins. Tricine–SDS-PAGE is also used preferentially

Hermann Schägger

2006-01-01

148

The Molecule Pages database  

PubMed Central

The UCSD-Nature Signaling Gateway Molecule Pages (http://www.signaling-gateway.org/molecule) provides essential information on more than 3800 mammalian proteins involved in cellular signaling. The Molecule Pages contain expert-authored and peer-reviewed information based on the published literature, complemented by regularly updated information derived from public data source references and sequence analysis. The expert-authored data includes both a full-text review about the molecule, with citations, and highly structured data for bioinformatics interrogation, including information on protein interactions and states, transitions between states and protein function. The expert-authored pages are anonymously peer reviewed by the Nature Publishing Group. The Molecule Pages data is present in an object-relational database format and is freely accessible to the authors, the reviewers and the public from a web browser that serves as a presentation layer. The Molecule Pages are supported by several applications that along with the database and the interfaces form a multi-tier architecture. The Molecule Pages and the Signaling Gateway are routinely accessed by a very large research community.

Saunders, Brian; Lyon, Stephen; Day, Matthew; Riley, Brenda; Chenette, Emily; Subramaniam, Shankar

2008-01-01

149

Women's Studies Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Maryland Baltimore County maintains two very useful pages of women's studies pointers. One offers an alphabetical list of over 100 selected women's and gender related sites of all types. To make the list easier to navigate, it has also been divided by topic, including activism, arts and humanities, health, international, net info, science/technology, and sexuality, as well as a separate list pointing to over 40 national and international university women's studies programs and research centers. The second page provides an annotated collection of over 200 women's issues and gender studies email lists. Again, the collection is presented both alphabetically and by topic, including the topics above plus religion/spirituality lists, social science lists, women of color lists, and womens studies lists. Both pages are excellent sources of women's studies information on the Internet, and the email list page is one of the more comprehensive pages available. Women's Studies WWW Pages and gophers: http://www-unix.umbc.edu/~korenman/wmst/links.html Gender Related Electronic Forums: http://www-unix.umbc.edu/~korenman/wmst/forums.html

150

Building D interior, looking south showing same stone wall as ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Building D interior, looking south showing same stone wall as it attaches to the east wall of Building D - Hinckley Knitting Mills, Building D, 21-35 East Wister Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

151

9. MAIN (WEST) ELEVATION, DETAIL OF DOORWAY, SHOWING FRONTISPIECE OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. MAIN (WEST) ELEVATION, DETAIL OF DOORWAY, SHOWING FRONTISPIECE OF COMPOSITE ATTACHED COLUMNS, SWAN'S NECK PEDIMENT WITH PINEAPPLE, EGG-AND-DART RELIEF AROUND ARCH - Mt. Harmon Plantation at World's End, Earleville, Cecil County, MD

152

A Holographic Road Show.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the viewing sessions and the holograms of a holographic road show. The traveling exhibits, believed to stimulate interest in physics, include a wide variety of holograms and demonstrate several physical principles. (GA)|

Kirkpatrick, Larry D.; Rugheimer, Mac

1979-01-01

153

Telephoto attachments for telecentric lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many imaging applications, such as machine vision, parts inspection, and gauging, make us of telecentric lens configurations to improve measurement accuracy and reduce alignment sensitivity. CCD cameras are frequently chosen to record the final image. Although lenses can be designed to work as standalone telecentric devices, it is sometimes desireable to use a modular approach, in which a telecentric `attachment' is mated to a primary or `base' lens. This allows one to vary the object field coverage by changing attachment lenses, keeping the same primary lens. A simple attachment could consist of an achromat mounted one focal length away from the entrance pupil of the primary lens. Such arrangements can become lengthy for large fields and magnifications. Stock achromats may not meet size requirements, nor provide optimum image quality. A more complex arrangement that reduces the lens length and improves imaging can be obtained by using a telephoto lens (front-vertex-to-image/efl < 1.0) as an attachment. This paper will outline the development of a modular telecentric system and a first-order method for evaluating the suitability of lenses for use as telecentric attachments.

Weiner, David

1995-08-01

154

Preferential attachment in growing spatial networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We obtain the degree distribution for a class of growing network models on flat and curved spaces. These models evolve by preferential attachment weighted by a function of the distance between nodes. The degree distribution of these models is similar to that of the fitness model of Bianconi and Barabási, with a fitness distribution dependent on the metric and the density of nodes. We show that curvature singularities in these spaces can give rise to asymptotic Bose-Einstein condensation, but transient condensation can be observed also in smooth hyperbolic spaces with strong curvature. We provide numerical results for spaces of constant curvature (sphere, flat, and hyperbolic space) and we discuss the conditions for the breakdown of this approach and the critical points of the transition to distance-dominated attachment. Finally, we discuss the distribution of link lengths.

Ferretti, Luca; Cortelezzi, Michele

2011-07-01

155

Preferential attachment in growing spatial networks.  

PubMed

We obtain the degree distribution for a class of growing network models on flat and curved spaces. These models evolve by preferential attachment weighted by a function of the distance between nodes. The degree distribution of these models is similar to that of the fitness model of Bianconi and Barabási, with a fitness distribution dependent on the metric and the density of nodes. We show that curvature singularities in these spaces can give rise to asymptotic Bose-Einstein condensation, but transient condensation can be observed also in smooth hyperbolic spaces with strong curvature. We provide numerical results for spaces of constant curvature (sphere, flat, and hyperbolic space) and we discuss the conditions for the breakdown of this approach and the critical points of the transition to distance-dominated attachment. Finally, we discuss the distribution of link lengths. PMID:21867253

Ferretti, Luca; Cortelezzi, Michele

2011-07-08

156

Vegetation attached to the elephant trunk.  

PubMed

The elephant trunk technique is used as a standard method in the approach to staged repair of extensive thoracic aneurysms. Here, we present a rare case of a graft infection, in which vegetation was attached to the distal end of the elephant trunk. A 36-year old male who had undergone total arch replacement with elephant trunk installation for type A aortic dissection was readmitted for high-grade fever. At the time of admission, Osler's nodules were present and brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple small emboli and haemorrhages. Transoesophageal echocardiography could not locate any sign of infection within the cardiac chambers, but disclosed vegetation attached to the elephant trunk. He underwent successful emergent graft replacement of the lesion, and no recurrence of the infection has been observed. PMID:23530027

Tanaka, Akiko; Sakamoto, Toshihito; Okada, Kenji; Okita, Yutaka

2013-03-25

157

Development of an Attachment-Informed Measure of Sexual Behavior in Late Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is considerable interest in relations between sexual behavior and romantic attachment styles in adolescence as attachment needs are increasingly met through intimate partners rather than parents. The objectives of this research were to organize a measure of sexual behavior within an attachment theory framework, and then show that this new…

Szielasko, Alicia L.; Symons, Douglas K.; Price, E. Lisa

2013-01-01

158

The Relation Between Insecure Attachment and Child Anxiety: A Meta-Analytic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory suggests that children's attachment insecurity plays a key role in the development of anxiety. In the present study we evaluated the empirical evidence for the link between insecure attachment and anxiety from early childhood to adolescence. A meta-analysis of 46 studies, from 1984 to 2010, including 8,907 children, was conducted. The results show an overall effect size of

Cristina Colonnesi; Evalijn M. Draijer; Geert Jan J. M. Stams; Corine O. Van der Bruggen; Susan M. Bögels; Marc J. Noom

2011-01-01

159

Dissociative electron attachment to water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dissociative electron attachment to water, H2O+e-? H+OH-3.27eV H2+O-3.56eV H-+OHX P2 4.35eVH+H+O-8.04e VH-+OH* S2 8.38eVH-+H+O 8.75eV 0.1 is a physical process that has been studied since 1930[1]. It may be viewed as an inherently is non-Born-Oppenheimer process, for the initial state belongs to the electronic continuum, and the final state is electronically bound. As such, it presents a particular challenge for theory. We present a first-principles theoretical treatment of this process, in which we calculate the cross sections for production of the three major atom - diatom products observed by experiment, H2 + O-, H- + OH (X 2pi), and H- + OH (2Sigma). These states comprise the bulk of the experimentally determined cross section. In the present work we employ a Born-Oppenheimer expansion of the wavefunction for nuclear and electronic motion, and treat both quantum mechanically. The adiabatic treatment of the electronic motion incorporates multiconfiguration, correlated wavefunctions and includes an explicit treatment of the electronic continuum. For the nuclear dynamics we incorporate the full dimensionality of nuclear motion, including the three internal degrees of freedom and the effect of rotation. This is the first ab initio treatment of dissociative electron attachment which incorporates more than one degree of freedom in the nuclear dynamics. The first step in our Born-Oppenheimer treatment is to calculate adiabatic potential energy surfaces for the three metastable electronic states which are involved, the 2B1, 2A1, and 2B 2 electronic Feshbach resonances. Global potential energy surfaces are defined which incorporate the results of fixed-nuclei, ab initio calculations: quantum-mechanical electron scattering calculations using the complex Kohn method are performed and augmented by the results of large-scale configuration-interaction calculations performed in a restricted Hilbert space. The global surfaces are defined by a very accurate fit combining a 35-parameter analytic function and splines. The second step in our treatment comprises the use of these potential energy surfaces to calculate the nuclear dynamics. We do so within the Local Complex Potential model, a theory which has had considerable success in describing both vibrational excitation and dissociative electron attachment in resonant electron-molecule collisions. Its applicability to the current system is, however, not assured, and we offer evidence that the experimental observations, and in particular the results on the minor arrangement channels observed at each resonance peak, may rest upon nonlocal or virtual-state effects during the dissociation. We employ the Multi-Configuration Time-Dependent Hartree method to calculate the nuclear dynamics. These dynamics, even within the Local Complex Potential model, are subject to nonadiabatic coupling among these surfaces, due to Renner-Teller coupling between the 2B1 and 2 A1, and a conical intersection between the 2 A1 and 2B2. We include these nonadiabatic effects in our treatment. The conical intersection is calculated to play a major role for dissociative attachment to water via the highest-energy, 2B2 Feshbach resonance, as we have predicted. The bulk of the present work is concerned with the calculation of the total cross sections for DEA via each of the resonance states. In the final chapter of this work, we include the results of separate calculations which examine the differential cross section for production of H- via the 2B1 resonance. We derive a new approximation, which we term the "single-eigenmode" approximation for resonant scattering, and employ it to calculate the angular distribution of the H- fragment. We reproduce the experimental result. We show how the single-eigenmode approximation breaks down in the case of hydrogen sulfide, H2S, and reproduce the previously unexplained experimental result for the angular distribution of H- ions produced from DEA to the 2B1 state of H 2S.

Haxton, Daniel James

160

20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, AND '10 SMOOT' MARKER (see data pages) - Harvard Bridge, Spanning Charles River at Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

161

14. DETAIL OF SECOND NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING STEEL PIERS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. DETAIL OF SECOND NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING STEEL PIERS AND CANTILEVERED CONCRETE PEDESTAL. VIEW TO SOUTH. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

162

12. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF NORTH APPROACH SPANS, SHOWING ROADWAY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF NORTH APPROACH SPANS, SHOWING ROADWAY DECK AND APPROACH SPAN PIERS. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

163

11. DETAIL LOOKING THROUGH ARCH, SHOWING ROADWAY DECK, VERTICALS AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. DETAIL LOOKING THROUGH ARCH, SHOWING ROADWAY DECK, VERTICALS AND LATERAL BRACES. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

164

10. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF ARCH, SHOWING LOWER CHORDS, VERTICALS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. DETAIL OF UNDERSIDE OF ARCH, SHOWING LOWER CHORDS, VERTICALS, LATERAL BRACES AND ABUTMENTS, VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

165

9. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, LOWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, LOWER CHORD, VERTICALS AND LATERAL BRACES, VIEW TO EAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

166

17. DETAIL OF FIRST NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING PIER, ENDPOST, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. DETAIL OF FIRST NORTH APPROACH SPAN, SHOWING PIER, ENDPOST, UPPER AND LOWER CHORDS AND DIAGONALS. VIEW TO SOUTH. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

167

8. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, UPPER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. DETAIL OF WEST WEB OF BRIDGE, SHOWING ENDPOST, UPPER CHORD, VERTICALS AND LATERAL BRACES. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Navajo Bridge, Spanning Colorado River at U.S. Highway 89 Alternate, Page, Coconino County, AZ

168

Statistical paging area selection scheme (SPAS) for cellular mobile communication systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new paging scheme called statistical paging area selection. The network pages mobile station (MS) by paging a sequence of areas in a predetermined order based on either the location statistics collected and reported by the MS or on a temporary location registration in the MS. The simulation example based on a simple model shows several fundamental

Masakazu SHIROTA; Yutaka YOSHIDA; Fumito KUBOTA

1994-01-01

169

Detection of phosphorylated T and B cell antigen receptor species by Phos-tag SDS- and Blue Native-PAGE.  

PubMed

Detection of phospho-proteins and differently phosphorylated forms of the same protein are important in understanding cell behaviour. One novel method is Phos-tag SDS-PAGE. A dinuclear Mn(2+) complex that binds to phosphate groups (the Phos-tag) is covalently attached to the polyacrylamide gel matrix. Thus, phosphorylated proteins are retarded in their migration and can be distinguished from their non-phosphorylated counterparts. We applied Phos-tag SDS-PAGE to the analysis of the zeta, CD3epsilon and CD3delta subunits of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR-CD3). Pervanadate stimulation generated six different phospho-zeta and each two different CD3epsilon and CD3delta forms. This corresponds to the phosphorylatable tyrosines on their cytoplasmic tails. The phosphorylation pattern was compatible with random phosphorylation events. Further, we showed that the Phos-tag technology can be applied to Blue Native (BN)-PAGE. This extends the applicability to the analysis of native protein complexes. Upon pervanadate stimulation the TCR-CD3 complex was predominantly detected as two distinct phospho-complexes. In contrast, the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) appeared as one phospho-form. Thus, Phos-tag BN-PAGE is useful for the analysis of different phosphorylation states of multiprotein complexes. PMID:20005898

Deswal, Sumit; Beck-García, Katharina; Blumenthal, Britta; Dopfer, Elaine P; Schamel, Wolfgang W A

2009-12-22

170

Do Elephants Show Empathy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elephants show a rich social organization and display a number of unusual traits. In this paper, we analyse reports collected over a thirty-five year period, describing behaviour that has the potential to reveal signs of empathic understanding. These include coalition formation, the offering of protection and comfort to others, retrieving and 'babysitting' calves, aiding individuals that would otherwise have difficulty

Lucy A. Bates; Phyllis C. Lee; Norah Njiraini; Joyce H. Poole; Katito Sayialel; Soila Sayialel; Cynthia J. Moss; Richard W. Byrne

2008-01-01

171

What Do Maps Show?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum packet, appropriate for grades 4-8, features a teaching poster which shows different types of maps (different views of Salt Lake City, Utah), as well as three reproducible maps and reproducible activity sheets which complement the maps. The poster provides teacher background, including step-by-step lesson plans for four geography…

Geological Survey (Dept. of Interior), Reston, VA.

172

Shakespearean Slide Shows.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a condensed method for involving students in the kind of theatrical problem-solving that transforms a script to a play. Describes how to incorporate a "human slide show" into the class. Notes that students must read plays not just to understand events, but to make artistic choices about how to stage the action so that an audience…

Flynn, Rosalind M.

2002-01-01

173

Btu accounting: Showing results  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the preceding article in this series last month, the author showed how to calculate the energy consumed to make a pound of product. To realize a payoff, however, the results must be presented in graphs or tables that clearly display what has happened. They must call attention to plant performance and ultimately lead to more efficient use of energy.

1994-01-01

174

Stage a Water Show  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the author's book titled "The Incredible Water Show," the characters from "Miss Alaineus: A Vocabulary Disaster" used an ocean of information to stage an inventive performance about the water cycle. In this article, the author relates how she turned the story into hands-on science teaching for real-life fifth-grade students. The author also…

Frasier, Debra

2008-01-01

175

ISU Demonstration Road Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Idaho State University Department of Physics conducts science demonstration shows at SE Idaho schools. Four different presentations are currently available; "Forces and Motion", "States of Matter", "Electricity and Magnetism", and "Sound and Waves". Student activities and descriptions of the demonstrated material are also provided.

Shropshire, Steven

2004-04-06

176

An accelerated clinical chairside technique for casting overdenture attachment copings.  

PubMed

An accelerated technique for casting a direct-pattern post and core restoration for use in fixed prosthodontics has been previously described. Similar techniques for use in removable prosthodontics show potential for clinical use, specifically for the fabrication of radicular stud overdenture attachments and their corresponding copings. The procedure uses a chairside technique and readily available components to fabricate a direct, acrylic resin pattern combining the elements of a cast coping with a fixed radicular attachment. This pattern can subsequently be invested, cast, finished and polished, luted, and attached to the removable prosthesis in a single clinical appointment. PMID:22024184

Scherer, Michael D; Campagni, Wayne V

2011-11-01

177

Dissociative attachment in HCl, DCl, and F/sub 2/  

SciTech Connect

Resonant scattering models, using nonlocal decay widths, are developed for dissociative attachment of slow electrons to diatomic molecules. Cross sections are obtained for HCl and DCl in several initial rotational and vibrational states, and the dependence of the average attachment cross section upon the rotational and vibrational temperature is examined. For F/sub 2/ the cross section for ground state molecules agrees well with experiment above 0.2 eV but shows no zero energy peak. The attachment cross section is higher for vibrationally excited molecules, but the enhancement is much less than that found in H/sub 2/ and HCl.

Bardsley, J.N.; Wadehra, J.M.

1983-06-15

178

NEUROENDOCRINE PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL ATTACHMENT AND LOVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review existing behavioral and neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and love. Both love and social attachments function to facilitate reproduction, provide a sense of safety, and reduce anxiety or stress. Because social attachment is an essential component of love, understanding attachment formation is an important step toward identifying the neurobiological substrates of love.

C. Sue Carter

1998-01-01

179

Attachment Disorders: Review and Current Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental research on attachment has flourished in the past 15 years (C. H. Zeanah, 1996). However, there has been relatively scant empirical investigation of disorders in attachment. In this article, the pertinent developmental research on the attachment cycle is delineated and the current status of disordered attachment is examined. A particular focus is given to the conceptualization of the most

Samantha L. Wilson

2001-01-01

180

Reliability and stability of adult attachment patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

A basic premise of attachment theory is that internal models of attachment remain relatively stable across the life span. We examined stability and change in adult attachment representations over 8 months in a sample of young adults (N = 144; Mean age = 24.5 years). Attachment patterns were assessed by categorical and continuous ratings across three methods-self-report ratings, expert ratings

ELAINE SCHARFE; KIM BARTHOLOMEW

1994-01-01

181

Adult attachment styles in the workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has demonstrated that attachment styles are important antecedents of interpersonal relationship quality and psychological well-being. Despite this, the theory of attachment styles has been largely ignored by researchers interested in workplace phenomena. The present paper aims to explain the theory of attachment styles, why researchers have overlooked attachment styles as an antecedent of organizational behavior, and a possible

P. D. Harms

2011-01-01

182

Adult attachment orientations: Relation to affiliation motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the multifaceted relationship between attachment and affiliation motivation. In a sample of 322 participants differences were found between attachment styles or dimensions and affiliation motivation. Anxious attachment was positively related to seeking attention from others, social comparison, and positive stimulation as motivations for affiliation. Avoidant attachment was negatively related to emotional support and positive stimulation as motivations

Jonathan P. Schwartz; Lori D. Lindley; Walter C. Buboltz Jr

2007-01-01

183

Viewing television talk shows  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined how motivation, audience activity, and attitudes influenced the likelihood of watching societal?issue and relational topics on television talk programs. Path analysis supported differences in ritualized and instrumental motives for watching talk shows. Information and exciting?entertainment motivation predicted greater’ realism of, affinity with, involvement with, and intent to watch talk television. Pass?time motivation predicted reduced affinity with and intent

Alan M. Rubin; Mary M. Step

1997-01-01

184

The Truman Show  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Truman Show is hardly a film you would automatically speak about as a game. At first glance, it is tempting to interpret the story of\\u000a Truman Burbank — his perpetual subjection to the artificial (televisual) world of Seahaven and its gargantuan reality TV project,\\u000a his eventual escape from the “OmniCam Ecosphere” building and the paternalistic surveillance of director Christof

Rolf F. Nohr

185

Attachment, psychotherapy, and assessment: a commentary.  

PubMed

This article, a commentary, discusses questions and issues generated by 7 articles on the relationship between attachment theory and research, and psychotherapy and clinical assessment. The issues include the following: attachment-based therapeutic interventions for adults and child-caregiver dyads, change in attachment status as an outcome goal of therapeutic intervention, attachment pattern as a moderator of treatment outcome and therapeutic approach, clinical use of attachment measures, narrative/discourse and self-report measures of attachment patterns, and application of attachment theory to new areas. In the discussion of each of these issues, suggestions are made for future research. PMID:17154737

Eagle, Morris N

2006-12-01

186

Relations between attachment, gender, and behavior with peers in preschool.  

PubMed

40 4-year-old children and their mothers participated in a study investigating concurrent links between attachment and peer interactions. Security of attachment was assessed in the laboratory from reunion episodes following a 10-min separation. Focal child observations were carried out during indoor free play in preschool. Relations between insecure attachment and peer interactions were different for boys and girls. Insecure boys showed more aggressive, disruptive, assertive, controlling, and attention-seeking behavior than secure children. Insecure girls showed more dependent behavior than secure children but less assertive and controlling behavior, and more positive expressive behavior and compliance. Secure girls and secure boys did not differ significantly. Gender differences in social behavior may be accounted for by a subgroup of children, those classified as insecure, and the same attachment classification may lead to different predictions depending on whether the child is a boy or a girl. PMID:1786729

Turner, P J

1991-12-01

187

Entrepreneur's Help Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Entrepreneur's Help Page, from tannedfeet.com, offers sound advice for those looking to start up a new business. Given in an easy-to-read narrative style, the articles on this page are divided into three main sections: Business, Financial, and Legal. The Business section includes a checklist for starting a business, along with articles on buying a franchise, business insurance, and extending credit to other businesses. Financial advice provides a helpful overview as to where to find money to finance a new business, tips for finding venture capital, and advice on obtaining bank loans. Finally, the Legal section provides explanations and advice on taxation, intellectual property issues, and bankruptcy. All in all, the Entrepreneur's Help Page is a welcoming introduction to some of the issues involved with starting a new business.

1998-01-01

188

JAMA Patient Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) has been committed to providing the general public with a number of high-quality print and online resources in recent years, and their collection of Patient Pages is quite thorough and most welcome. With over 390 entries, each Patient Page contains a basic overview of such topics as Lyme disease, dementia, lymphoma, and dozens of other conditions, medical procedures, and practices. Along with succinct and accessible summaries for each entry, visitors will also find illustrations, graphs, and diagrams that help explain each topic. All in all, this site is a tremendous resource, and it is worth noting that many of these Patient Pages are also available in Spanish.

189

Attachment representations in internationally adopted children.  

PubMed

Using the Story Stem Assessment Profile, attachment representations were analyzed in a group of 40 internationally adopted children studied after an average of 40 months since their adoption. These children were compared to 58 children living with their birth families and with no experience of maltreatment, and to 50 children who were living in Spanish institutions. All of the children were between four and eight years of age at the time of study. Findings indicated that the adoptees' representations were more negative than those of the control group, but similar to those of the institutionalized children. The associations between different indicators of attachment representations, as well as the role of adopted children's characteristics (pre-adoption experiences, adoption age, time with the adoptive family) were also analyzed. The results showed a long-term impact of early adversity, a certain degree of heterogeneity in the attachment representations' of both the adopted and the institutionalized children, and the role played by certain background and individual variables. PMID:23106180

Román, Maite; Palacios, Jesús; Moreno, Carmen; López, Ana

2012-01-01

190

Bacterial attachment on optical fibre surfaces.  

PubMed

Optical fibres have received considerable attention as high-density sensor arrays suitable for both in vitro and in vivo measurements of biomolecules and biological processes in living organisms and/or nano-environments. The fibre surface was chemically modified by exposure to a selective etchant that preferentially erodes the fibre cores relative to the surrounding cladding material, thus producing a regular pattern of cylindrical wells of approximately 2.5 mum in diameter and 2.5 mum deep. The surface hydrophobicity of the etched and non-etched optical fibres was analysed using the sessile pico-drop method. The surface topography was characterised by atomic force microscopy (AFM), while the surface chemistry was probed by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). Six taxonomically different bacterial strains showed a consistent preference for attachment to the nano-scale smoother (R(q) = 273 nm), non-etched fibre surfaces (water contact angle, theta = 106 degrees +/- 4 degrees). In comparison, the surfaces of the etched optical fibres (water contact angle, theta = 96 degrees +/- 10 degrees) were not found to be amenable to bacterial attachment. Bacterial attachment on the non-etched optical fibre substrata varied among different strains. PMID:20358429

Mitik-Dineva, N; Wang, J; Truong, V K; Stoddart, P R; Alexander, M R; Albutt, D J; Fluke, C; Crawford, R J; Ivanova, E P

2010-05-01

191

Sex differences, parental attachment, and juvenile delinquency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between parental attachment and delinquent behavior among adolescents between the ages\\u000a of 13 and 18. 133 subjects completed self-report questionnaire packets, which included a demographic survey, an attachment\\u000a inventory (assessing parental attachment and attachment to the father and mother separately), and a delinquency questionnaire.\\u000a The relationship between sex, delinquency level, and attachment score was statistically

Stacey M. Nelson; Stephen Rubin

1997-01-01

192

The Online Books Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Pennsylvania Library, the Online Books Page Web site "facilitates access to books that are freely readable over the Internet...and aims to encourage the development of such online books, for the benefit and edification of all." The over 18,000 listings can be searched or browsed by author, title, and subject, of which every major physical science subject is represented. Each listing is linked to an outside Web site, making its availability unpredictable, but the shear number of books that are accessible make the Online Books Page a great resource.

1993-01-01

193

Medieval Technology Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Medieval Technology Pages, created and maintained by New York University chemistry professor Paul M Gans, "attempt[s] to provide accurate, referenced information on technological innovation and related subjects in western Europe during the Middle Ages." This fascinating Website offers insight into the history of technology with short lessons about inventions from stirrups to arabic numbers. Each brief entry includes basic information about the invention as well as links to reference sources. The site also contains a timeline of technological innovations from 500 to 1600 AD. An interesting and well produced Website, the Medieval Technology Pages is a truly engaging stop on the Information Superhighway.

Gans, Paul M.

194

Low-energy electron attachment to chloroform (CHCl3) molecules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from a joint experimental and theoretical study of electron attachment to chloroform (CHCl3) molecules in the gas phase are reported. In an electron swarm study involving a pulsed Townsend technique with equal gas and electron temperatures, accurate attachment rate coefficients were determined over the temperature range 295-373 K; they show an Arrhenius-type rise with increasing temperature, corresponding to an

J. Kopyra; I. Szamrej; K. Graupner; L. M. Graham; T. A. Field; P. Sulzer; S. Denifl; T. D. Märk; P. Scheier; I. I. Fabrikant; M. Braun; M. W. Ruf; H. Hotop

2008-01-01

195

TEACHER-STUDENT ATTACHMENT AND TEACHERS' ATTITUDES TOWARDS WORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between teacher-student attachment and teachers' attitude towards work. We show that teacher-student attachment and teachers' attitudes towards work appear critical in promoting and maintaining positive teacher behaviours. Communication connects students with teachers, improving the classroom atmosphere. Teachers who communicate effectively with their students can give them appropriate and helpful feedback. Teacher-student interaction is extremely important

Affizal Ahmad; Rafidah Sahak

2009-01-01

196

Disorganized attachment and inhibitory capacity: predicting externalizing problem behaviors.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether attachment insecurity, focusing on disorganized attachment, and the executive function (EF) component of inhibition, assessed at age 5, were longitudinally related to general externalizing problem behaviors as well as to specific symptoms of ADHD and Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and callous-unemotional (CU) traits. General externalizing problem behaviors were also measured at age 5 to allow for a developmental analysis. Outcome variables were rated by parents and teachers. The sample consisted of 65 children with an oversampling of children with high levels of externalizing behaviors. Attachment was evaluated using a story stem attachment doll play procedure. Inhibition was measured using four different tasks. The results showed that both disorganized attachment and poor inhibition were longitudinally related to all outcome variables. Controlling for initial level of externalizing problem behavior, poor inhibition predicted ADHD symptoms and externalizing problem behaviors, independent of disorganized attachment, whereas for ASD symptoms no predictive relations remained. Disorganized attachment independently predicted CU traits. PMID:21947617

Bohlin, Gunilla; Eninger, Lilianne; Brocki, Karin Cecilia; Thorell, Lisa B

2012-04-01

197

Right Attachment and Preference Semantics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper claims that the right attachment rules for phrases originally suggested by Frazier and Fodor are wrong, and that none of the subsequent patchings of the rules by syntactic methods have improved the situation. For each rule there are perfectly straightforward and indefinitely large classes of simple counter-examples. We then examine suggestions by Ford et al., Schubert and Hirst

Yorick Wilks

1985-01-01

198

Syntax, Preference and Right Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper claims that the right attachment rules for phrases originally suggested by Frazier and Fodor are wrong, and that none of the subsequent patchings of the rules by syntactic methods have improved the situation. For each rule there are perfectly straightforward and indefinitely large classes of simple counter- examples. We then examine suggestions by Ford et a!., Schubert and

Yorick Wilks; Xiuming Huang; Dan Fass

1985-01-01

199

Partner Attachment and Interpersonal Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated partner attachment and interpersonal characteristics in 134 non-clinical couples in long-term marriages. Irrespective of gender, spouses with greater “anxiety over abandonment” or “discomfort with closeness” endorsed dysfunctional relationship beliefs to a greater extent. On the “anxiety over abandonment” dimension, husbands with higher scores were rated less aggressive, less controlling, and more rebellious, while wives with higher scores

Peter R. Kilmann; Holmes Finch; Michele M. Parnell; Jason T. Downer

2012-01-01

200

Operationalizing Mindfulness Without Unnecessary Attachments  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are scientific advantages to defining mindfulness in terms of the psychological processes involved. Doing so, however, necessarily uncouples mindfulness from any given technology, including meditation. Defining mind- fulness in terms of the self-regulation of attention and a posture of acceptance seems progressive, but there are underlying philosophical attachments in the proposed definition that might limit its applicability if they

Steven C. Hayes; Chad Shenk

2004-01-01

201

Attachment, depressotypic cognitions, and dysphoria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has identified dysfunctional attitudes and depressotypic attributional style as potential cognitive vulnerabilities to depression. The origins of these cognitive vulnerabilities, however, are unknown. The present study was conducted to determine whether perceived attachment to one's primary caregiver in childhood was associated with endorsement of dysfunctional attitudes and depressotypic attributional style in adulthood. Results from 104 undergraduates suggested that

Mark A. Whisman; Ann L. McGarvey

1995-01-01

202

Attachment Theory and Parental Alienation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following an acrimonious divorce or separation, arguments are frequently presented as to why a child should not be with a nonresident parent. The custodial parent, whether a father or a mother, uses the concept of a child being attached to himself or herself and therefore this should prevent the child from having actual or reasonable contact with the absent parent.

Ludwig F. Lowenstein

2010-01-01

203

Attached charge enhancement system (ACES).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It has been theorized since 1939 that the velocity and range of gun-launched projectiles could be substantially increased by burning an attached combustion material at the base of a projectile thereby maintaining a higher base pressure on the projectile t...

W. C. Cliff M. C. C. Bampton J. D. Holmes D. W. Greenlee S. A. Donahue

1994-01-01

204

Prosodic Boundaries in Adjunct Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies explored the processing of ambiguous sentences like Martin maintained that the CEO lied when the investigation started\\/at the start of the investigation. The central question was why particular prosodic boundaries have the effects they do. A written questionnaire provided baseline preferences and suggested that clausal adjuncts (when the investigation started) receive more high attachments than nonclausal adjuncts (at

Katy Carlson; Charles Clifton; Lyn Frazier

2001-01-01

205

Attachment and Borderline Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author outlines his concept of reflective function or mentalization, which is defined as the capacity to think about mental states in oneself and in others. He presents evidence to suggest that the capacity for reflective awareness in a child's caregiver increases the likelihood of the child's secure attachment, which in turn facilitates the development of mentalization in the child.

Peter Fonagy

2000-01-01

206

NPR: The Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Public Radio's "The Picture Show" photo blog is a great way to avoid culling through the thousands of less interesting and engaging photographs on the web. With a dedicated team of professionals, this blog brings together different posts that profile various sets of photographs that cover 19th century war in Afghanistan, visual memories of WWII, unpublished photographs of JFK's presidential campaign, and abandoned buildings on the islands in Boston Harbor. Visitors can search through previous posts, use social media features to share the photo features with friends, and also sign up to receive new materials via their RSS feed. There's quite a nice mix of material here, and visitors can also comment on the photos and recommend the collection to friends and others.

207

Egg: the Arts Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Egg is a new TV show about people making art across America" from PBS. This accompanying Website presents excerpts from sixteen episodes of the series, with three more "hatching soon," such as Close to Home, profiling three photographers: Jeanine Pohlhaus, whose pictures document her father's struggle with mental illness; Gregory Crewdson's photos of Lee, Massachusetts; and Joseph Rodriguez's photos of Hispanics in New York City. Excerpts include video clips, gallery listings where the artists' work can be seen, and short interviews with artists. Some episodes also offer "peeps," glimpses of material not shown on TV, such as the Space episode's peep, Shooting Stars, that provides directions for astrophotography, taking photographs of star trails. Other sections of the site are airdates, for local listings; see and do usa, where vacationers can search for art events at their destinations; and egg on the arts, a discussion forum.

208

American History Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

Bennion, Ms.

2009-11-23

209

Examining Relations Among Attachment, Religiosity, and New Age Spirituality Using the Adult Attachment Interview  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was the first to examine relations between attachment and religion–spirituality in adults using a developmentally validated attachment assessment, the Adult Attachment Interview. Security of attachment was expected to be linked to a religiosity–spirituality that is socially based on the parental relationships and reflects extrapolation of attachment experiences with sensitive parents to perceived relationships with a loving God. Insecurity

Pehr Granqvist; Tord Ivarsson; Anders G. Broberg; Berit Hagekull

2007-01-01

210

The Great Cometary Show  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer, which allows astronomers to scrutinise objects with a precision equivalent to that of a 130-m telescope, is proving itself an unequalled success every day. One of the latest instruments installed, AMBER, has led to a flurry of scientific results, an anthology of which is being published this week as special features in the research journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. ESO PR Photo 06a/07 ESO PR Photo 06a/07 The AMBER Instrument "With its unique capabilities, the VLT Interferometer (VLTI) has created itself a niche in which it provide answers to many astronomical questions, from the shape of stars, to discs around stars, to the surroundings of the supermassive black holes in active galaxies," says Jorge Melnick (ESO), the VLT Project Scientist. The VLTI has led to 55 scientific papers already and is in fact producing more than half of the interferometric results worldwide. "With the capability of AMBER to combine up to three of the 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescopes, we can really achieve what nobody else can do," added Fabien Malbet, from the LAOG (France) and the AMBER Project Scientist. Eleven articles will appear this week in Astronomy & Astrophysics' special AMBER section. Three of them describe the unique instrument, while the other eight reveal completely new results about the early and late stages in the life of stars. ESO PR Photo 06b/07 ESO PR Photo 06b/07 The Inner Winds of Eta Carinae The first results presented in this issue cover various fields of stellar and circumstellar physics. Two papers deal with very young solar-like stars, offering new information about the geometry of the surrounding discs and associated outflowing winds. Other articles are devoted to the study of hot active stars of particular interest: Alpha Arae, Kappa Canis Majoris, and CPD -57o2874. They provide new, precise information about their rotating gas envelopes. An important new result concerns the enigmatic object Eta Carinae. Using AMBER with its high spatial and spectral resolution, it was possible to zoom into the very heart of this very massive star. In this innermost region, the observations are dominated by the extremely dense stellar wind that totally obscures the underlying central star. The AMBER observations show that this dense stellar wind is not spherically symmetric, but exhibits a clearly elongated structure. Overall, the AMBER observations confirm that the extremely high mass loss of Eta Carinae's massive central star is non-spherical and much stronger along the poles than in the equatorial plane. This is in agreement with theoretical models that predict such an enhanced polar mass-loss in the case of rapidly rotating stars. ESO PR Photo 06c/07 ESO PR Photo 06c/07 RS Ophiuchi in Outburst Several papers from this special feature focus on the later stages in a star's life. One looks at the binary system Gamma 2 Velorum, which contains the closest example of a star known as a Wolf-Rayet. A single AMBER observation allowed the astronomers to separate the spectra of the two components, offering new insights in the modeling of Wolf-Rayet stars, but made it also possible to measure the separation between the two stars. This led to a new determination of the distance of the system, showing that previous estimates were incorrect. The observations also revealed information on the region where the winds from the two stars collide. The famous binary system RS Ophiuchi, an example of a recurrent nova, was observed just 5 days after it was discovered to be in outburst on 12 February 2006, an event that has been expected for 21 years. AMBER was able to detect the extension of the expanding nova emission. These observations show a complex geometry and kinematics, far from the simple interpretation of a spherical fireball in extension. AMBER has detected a high velocity jet probably perpendicular to the orbital plane of the binary system, and allowed a precise and careful study of the wind and the shockwave coming from the nova. The stream of results from the VLTI and AMBER

2007-01-01

211

Edible Rocks: Teacher Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use edible samples (such as peanut brittle and fudge) as their models of rocks and meteorites. They are to observe and describe the samples' physical characteristics using geologic terminology. The Teacher Page includes recipes to make some of the samples as well as examples of field notes.

212

ACSM Fit Society Page  

MedlinePLUS

... Page include (click title to view): 2013 -- Overhauling Fitness: Breaking Plateaus 2013 -- Youth Sports Health and Safety 2012 -- Injury Management and Recovery 2012 -- On the Move 2012 -- Managing Chronic Disease 2012 -- DIY ... Fitness Assessment & Injury Prevention 2009 -- Strength Training 2009 -- Menopause ...

213

An Interpretation of Page's  

Microsoft Academic Search

Page's proposed extension of the theory of relativity is examined from the standpoint of the general kinematical theory developed by the present author, of which it is found to be a special case. The contention that this extension renders Einstein's theory untenable would seem to be without real foundation; for although such an attempt to treat of observers in motions

H. P. Robertson

1936-01-01

214

The Nerd Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nerd Page (their name, not mine :-) at the University of South Carolina's College of Engineering. Nice mixture of "lite" Nerd type resources on the net. Topics include Nerd Culture and Happenings, Flotsam and Jetsam, Nerd Fun, and Software, Computing & Technology.

215

EEK! Teacher Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These environmental education pages are designed to help teachers help their students use the EEK! website. The teacher resources include nature and environmental education activities such as building a bird house, conducting a fish survey, planting trees, and observing wetland habitats. There are also instructional materials and links to environmental action projects.

216

Media Online Yellow Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Media Online Yellow Pages is another good place (along with the Big List and Newslink mentioned last week) to find media sources on the Internet. Does not appear to be searchable but the index is well-organized for browsing.

217

FDA Kids' Home Page  

MedlinePLUS

... Links on this page: "; } else if(cid_id) { var cid_img_text=" "; var cid_id_innertext = cid_id.innerHTML; if((cid_id_innertext.toLowerCase()).indexOf(" ") >= 0) { var indexer = (cid_id_innertext.toLowerCase()).indexOf(" "); var beg = ...

218

Reactive attachment disorder—a theoretical model beyond attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite its importance in public health, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is an under-researched and little used clinical\\u000a category. Abnormalities of social relatedness have long been documented in children who have been abused, neglected or institutionalised,\\u000a but there have been more recent efforts to define these behaviours within the psychiatric nosology. There has been an implicit\\u000a assumption that the central deficit

Helen Minnis; Helen Marwick; Julie Arthur; Alexis McLaughlin

2006-01-01

219

Attached cultivation technology of microalgae for efficient biomass feedstock production.  

PubMed

The potential of microalgae biofuel has not been realized because of low productivity and high costs associated with the current cultivation systems. In this paper, an attached cultivation method was introduced, in which microalgae cells grew on the surface of vertical artificial supporting material to form algal film. Multiple of the algal films were assembled in an array fashion to dilute solar irradiation to facilitate high photosynthetic efficiency. Results showed that a broad range of microalgae species can grow with this attached method. A biomass productivity of 50-80 g m(-2) d(-1) was obtained outdoors for Scenedesmus obliquus, corresponding to the photosynthetic efficiency of 5.2-8.3% (total solar radiation). This attached method also offers lots of possible advantages over traditional open ponds, such as on water saving, harvesting, contamination controlling and scale-up. The attached cultivation represents a promising technology for economically viable production of microalgae biofuels. PMID:23131644

Liu, Tianzhong; Wang, Junfeng; Hu, Qiang; Cheng, Pengfei; Ji, Bei; Liu, Jinli; Chen, Yu; Zhang, Wei; Chen, Xiaoling; Chen, Lin; Gao, Lili; Ji, Chunli; Wang, Hui

2012-10-05

220

Direction-specific interactions control crystal growth by oriented attachment.  

PubMed

The oriented attachment of molecular clusters and nanoparticles in solution is now recognized as an important mechanism of crystal growth in many materials, yet the alignment process and attachment mechanism have not been established. We performed high-resolution transmission electron microscopy using a fluid cell to directly observe oriented attachment of iron oxyhydroxide nanoparticles. The particles undergo continuous rotation and interaction until they find a perfect lattice match. A sudden jump to contact then occurs over less than 1 nanometer, followed by lateral atom-by-atom addition initiated at the contact point. Interface elimination proceeds at a rate consistent with the curvature dependence of the Gibbs free energy. Measured translational and rotational accelerations show that strong, highly direction-specific interactions drive crystal growth via oriented attachment. PMID:22628650

Li, Dongsheng; Nielsen, Michael H; Lee, Jonathan R I; Frandsen, Cathrine; Banfield, Jillian F; De Yoreo, James J

2012-05-25

221

Interlinkages between attachment and the Five-Factor Model of personality in middle childhood and young adulthood: a longitudinal approach.  

PubMed

In this paper, we examine concurrent and prospective links between attachment and the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality from middle childhood to young adulthood (n = 66). At age 8.5 years, attachment was measured with the Separation Anxiety Test and at 21 years with the Adult Attachment Interview, whereas the personality dimensions were assessed with questionnaires at both time points. The results showed that attachment and personality dimensions are meaningfully related, concurrently and longitudinally. Attachment security in middle childhood was positively related to extraversion and openness, both concurrently and prospectively. Unresolved/disorganized (U/d) attachment was negatively related to conscientiousness and positively related to openness in young adulthood. U/d attachment showed a unique contribution to openness above the observed temporal stability of openness. As attachment security was also associated with openness, the duality of this factor is discussed together with other theoretical considerations regarding attachment theory in relation to the FFM. PMID:23383760

Fransson, Mari; Granqvist, Pehr; Bohlin, Gunilla; Hagekull, Berit

2013-02-05

222

Demographic Characteristics and Motives of Individuals Viewing Reality Dating Shows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, the number of television dating shows has increased exponentially from 2 to over 28 during the period of 2000 to 2002. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic variables, personality characteristics, and attachment styles of individuals who view television dating shows. Furthermore, motives for viewing television dating shows and viewers' responses to the

Jonathan W. Roberti

2007-01-01

223

Attachment representations in 6-year-olds: Related longitudinally to the quality of attachment in infancy and mothers' attachment representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method to assess attachment representations in children by applying a story completion procedure in doll play (SCPDP) is presented. Transmission and continuity of attachment were tested in 28 German families by using the Strange Situation procedure (SS) with the mother and her infant, the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) with the mother when the child is 5 years old,

Gabriele Gloger-Tippelt; Beate Gomille; Lilith Koenig; Juergen Vetter

2002-01-01

224

Cichlid Research Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cichlid Research Home Page was developed by Professor Ron Coleman of the Biological Sciences Department at California State University, Sacramento. The website offers information and resources for hobbyists, scientists, and budding researchers interested in cichlid fishes. The site provides information about Coleman's research including descriptions of two ongoing investigations, the Cichlid Egg Project and the Cichlid Mouthbrooder Project. For visitors just learning about cichlids, the site offers several helpful sections including Introduction to Cichlids, Cichlid Anatomy, Cichlid Names, a Cichlid Glossary, and a section about Becoming a Cichlid Researcher. The site also offers a FAQ page, and Dr. Coleman invites targeted queries from college, high school, and elementary school students. The website lists a number of upcoming conferences, and contains an email directory of hobbyists and scientists interested in cichlids. The site contains an extensive collection of related links as well.

225

Opinion-Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and operated by Montgomery Kersell, this excellent resource allows users to access very recent opinion and editorial pieces from approximately 600 different English-language international sources. Indexed daily, the database can be searched by keyword with numerous modifiers. Returns include a link to the piece and a brief abstract. A sample search for "presidential campaign" produced 40 hits, while one for "Kashmir" returned 11 hits. In both cases, the pieces linked to were very current, many from that day. Users can also keyword search topical collections of columnists's pages, including Political & General, Business & Finance, Technology, Arts & Leisure, Health, and Sports. Those looking for the opinion page or letter to the editor columns for specific newspapers can browse a geographic listing. Additional resources include a pair of opinion columns (Think Ahead and Think Sideways) penned by Kersell himself.

226

The Skyscraper Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Put together by a group of tall building enthusiasts, the Skyscraper Page features the World's Tallest Diagram, a beta-version database that generates graphical results. While some requests only yielded error messages, a building search on Chicago produced a nifty color diagram of Chicago's 24 tallest buildings, arranged by height from the Sears Tower to the Stone Container Building, with basic information provided for each building: Address, Architect, Height, number of floors, etc. Other parts of the site include the Skyscraper Forum, an email discussion list, Skyline Photos, links to sources of views of cities and tall buildings, and the Amateur High-Rise Photography Page, where visitors can view and submit skyscraper photos. In the News & Updates section, see Lego skyscrapers, Istanbul skyscrapers, and an interactive aerial view of Manhattan (called Clickable NYC Skyscraper Map).

227

78 FR 52868 - Pole Attachment Complaint Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR Part 1 [CS Docket No. 97-151; FCC 98-20] Pole Attachment Complaint Procedures AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission...requirements in the sections of regulations concerning pole attachments outlined in the DATES section. DATES: Effective...

2013-08-27

228

Dance Links University Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the highlights of the Dance Links Web site , compiled mainly from information provided by dance videographer Amy Reusch, is the University Dance Departments pointers page, a collection of pointers to over 150 U.S. University Dance departments, as well as departments in Australia, Canada, Finland, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. Dance Links also points to resources related to dance companies, performance listings, publications, organizations, funding, dance schools, dancers, and other dance indexes.

229

Ms. Echegoyen's Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Find your links below. JapanesePod101 Ecehgoyen - Wikispaces link Clear Conversations Echegoyen Sencei Wikispace Echegoyen s School Web Page Edu 20 (online learning) Celsius and Fahrenheit Conversion ClassZone Japanese Teachers Association of Michigan JLPT-Japanese Proficiency Test JLPT - Kanji Project JLPT Level 4 Kanji List POPjisyo Dictionary The Kanji Site XE - The World s Favorite Currency and Forieng Exchange Site Denshi Jisho -Online Dictionary Try this link for exploring Japanese Culture: Japan Times (Online News) ...

Schultz, Ms.

2009-01-15

230

Micromachined barbed spikes for mechanical chip attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the mechanical attachment of chips to surfaces capable of being penetrated by silicon spikes. The attachment principle is inspired by fishhooks and arrows. Barbed spikes penetrate a material but offer resistance to detaching forces.Two types of barbed spikes were etched in silicon using deep reactive ion etching (DRIE).The mechanical attachment of both types of barbed spike arrays was

Patrick Griss; Peter Enoksson; Göran Stemme

2002-01-01

231

Attachment Theory: History, Research, and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Bowlby revolutionized the view of mother-infant bonds and relationships when he outlined attachment theory. This article reviews attachment theory and how history and research impact clinical practice. Attachment definitions and components are offered, some research history is highlighted and critiqued, new areas of research are indicated from globalization and marginalization perspectives, and implications for social work treatment with children

Victoria A. Fitton

2012-01-01

232

Attachment Representation of Institutionalized Children in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory study represents one of the first attachment investigations of Japanese children who have been institutionalized. Mental representation of attachment was assessed using George and Solomon's (1990, 1996, 2000) Attachment Doll Play Classification System of the Bretherton et al. (1990) doll play story stems. Participants were 32…

Katsurada, Emiko

2007-01-01

233

Attachment Processes in Eating Disorder and Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between attachment strategies and symptom reporting among college women. Sixty-one college women were selected who reported high or low levels of depressive and eating disorder symptoms. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was administered, and interview transcripts were rated with the Attachment Interview Q-Sort. The results indicated that women with hyperactivating AAI strategies were prone to

Holland Cole-Detke; Roger Kobak

1996-01-01

234

Environmental and genetic influences on early attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory predicts and subsequent empirical research has amply demonstrated that individual variations in patterns of early attachment behaviour are primarily influenced by differences in sensitive responsiveness of caregivers. However, meta-analyses have shown that parenting behaviour accounts for about one third of the variance in attachment security or disorganisation. The exclusively environmental explanation has been challenged by results demonstrating some,

Judit Gervai

2009-01-01

235

Reactive Attachment Disorder: Recommendations for School Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a case study, explores a unique counseling relationship. Examines how the quality of parent-child attachment and care of a child during the formative preschool years affects interpersonal relationship skills and school adjustment. Discusses reactive attachment disorders, the pervasiveness of attachment disorders, and recommendations for…

Hayes, Susanna H.

1997-01-01

236

The operational definition of human attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that a demonstration of selective responding is requisite to the operational definition of human attachment, particularly if attachment research is to be extended beyond its present focus on infancy. Behaviors commonly thought to index attachment in human infants are smiling, following, crying upon separation, stopping of crying, and exploring from a \\

Leslie J. Cohen

1974-01-01

237

Companion animal attachment and military transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human attachment levels to companion animals were compared to whether a companion animal accompanied a military family at transfer time. Attachment levels were measured by combining preexisting subscale instruments to form a 21-item pet attachment scale. Data were collected through a mail survey (67% response rate) of registered pet owners who were to transfer within six months from 13 military

P R Chumley; J D Gorski; A M Saxton; B P Granger; New John C. Jr

1994-01-01

238

Instability of Infant–Parent Attachment Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 2 separate projects were examined to address the stability of infant–parent attachment security. Both included infant–mother attachment classifications at 12 and 18 months of age (n = 125, n = 90), and 1 included infant–father classifications at 13 and 20 months (n = 120). Significant stability was not discerned in attachment security, either at the level of ABC

Jay Belsky; Susan B. Campbell; Jeffrey F. Cohn; Ginger Moore

1996-01-01

239

Attachment style and person?centered comforting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines a link between attachment style and person?centered comforting. Research suggests that those with secure attachment beliefs tend to be better comforters than those who are more avoidantly or anxiously attached. This paper suggests that one possible explanation lies in secures' ability to construct person?centered comforting messages. The results of data analysis support this suggestion. Both continuous measures

Harry Weger Jr; Leah E. Polcar

2002-01-01

240

Interpersonal Attachment and Patterns of Ideological Belief  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether two general dimensions of sociopolitical belief—right-wing authori- tarianism (RWA) and social dominance orientation (SDO)—are rooted in insecure psycho- logical attachment. Based on an undergraduate sample (N = 255), we model the relations among attachment styles, general worldviews, RWA, and SDO. A structural equation model indicated that anxious attachment led to RWA but not SDO and that this

Christopher Weber; Christopher M. Federico

2007-01-01

241

Associations between insecure attachment and sexual experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations between insecure attachment and sexual experiences were tested in a sample of 328 college students. Variations in adult attachment previously have been shown to relate to sexual behaviors, with the current study extending earlier work by examining different sexual outcomes and by testing factors that may account for these relations. Avoidant attachment was expected to relate to engagement in

Amy L. Gentzler; Kathryn A. Kerns

2004-01-01

242

Attachment style and mentoring relationships in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between adolescents’ attachment style and their decision to enter mentoring relationships. The participants were 569 Greek Cypriot high school students. It was found that adolescents who have a mentor are more secure in their attachment than those who do not. Girls with low scores in secure attachment do not enter easily into mentoring relationships. Older

Stelios N. Georgiou; Andreas P. Demetriou; Panayiotis Stavrinides

2008-01-01

243

Attachment in Deaf Mothers and Their Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In attachment research, there has been a growing interest in how adults conceptualize their relationships with their own parents as well as in the transmission of attachment status from parent to child and the variables that influence that transmission. The primary goal of the present study was to examine the transmission of attachment from deaf…

Leigh, Irene W.; Brice, Patrick J.; Meadow-Orlans, Kathryn

2004-01-01

244

Parental Attachment and gender-role identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) and the Bem Sex-Role Inventory were given to 218 primarily middle class college students of whom 90% were Caucasian. A 2 × 4 × 2 univariate factorial analysis of variance was used to examine the association of attachment level with gender, gender-role identity, and the within subjects factor of attachment figure. Feminine

V. F. Haigler; H. D. Day; D. D. Marshall

1995-01-01

245

Enhanced electron attachment to vibrationally and electronically excited molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electron attachment studies on vibrationally and electronically excited states have been measured. The attachment of electrons to vibrationally excited states of the ground electronic state populated via temperature increase was measured in the mean electron energy range, (?), 0.04 to 4.8 eV, over the temperature range, T, 300 to 700 K and over the total gas number density, Nt, 2.25 to 15.5 × 1019 molecules/cm3. These studies are presented in Part 1 for three technologically important molecules: Methylene Chloride (C2H2Cl2), Boron Trichloride (BCl3), and Trichlorotrifluoroethane (1,1,2-C 2Cl3F3). Electron attachment rate constants, k a((?),T), was measured as a function of mean electron energy in Ar and N2 gases at different temperatures. Using swarm unfolding technique, electron attachment cross sections, ?a(?,T), was measured as a function of electron energy by unfolding ka((?),T) at each temperature. The results of these measurements show that the dissociative electron attachment cross sections increase with the increase of vibrational energies. In the studies an electronically-excited states, the attaching electrons and the excited states of molecules were produced with a single excimer-laser pulse. The excitation of molecules to energies above the ionization potential (IP) caused the population of core-excited Rydberg states (HR). The electrons produced via photoionization were attached to the concomitantly produced highly-excited molecules leading to negative ion formation under the high-pressure environment provided by Ar or N2 gases. In these experiments two different experimental techniques were used: two- electrode arrangement and three-electrode arrangement. The two-electrode arrangement techniques provided information on the lifetimes of the excited molecules as well as estimates of various experimental parameters including the electron attachment rate constant of excited molecules. The other technique, the three- electrode arrangement, provided information about the density of charged species including electrons and negative ions and the estimation of electron attachment rate constant. These results are presented in Part II for three molecules: Benzene (C6H 6), Oxygen (O2), and Dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl2,F2). It was shown that the electron attachment to highly-excited molecules was extremely efficient process leading to enormous electron attachment cross sections, ?a, ~ 10-10 cm2, which were many orders of magnitude larger compared to the cross sections for corresponding ground electronic states.

Tav, Cumali

246

Enhancing Attachment Organization Among Maltreated Children: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Young children who have experienced early adversity are at risk for developing disorganized attachments. An intervention, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), was developed that very specifically targets nurturing, sensitive care among the parents identified as being at risk for neglecting their young children, with the aim of decreasing disorganized attachment. The ABC intervention consists of 10 parent-child sessions conducted in families’ homes. The present study assessed the efficacy of this intervention through a randomized clinical trial in which parents with Child Protective Services involvement were assigned to the experimental intervention or to a control intervention (DEF). Attachment quality was assessed for 120 children in the Strange Situation. Children in the ABC intervention showed significantly lower rates of disorganized attachment (32%) and higher rates of secure attachment (52%) relative to the control intervention (57% and 33%, respectively). These results support the efficacy of the ABC intervention in enhancing attachment quality among parents at high risk for maltreatment.

Bernard, Kristin; Dozier, Mary; Bick, Johanna; Lewis-Morrarty, Erin; Lindhiem, Oliver; Carlson, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

247

Reactive attachment disorder--a theoretical model beyond attachment.  

PubMed

Despite its importance in public health, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is an under-researched and little used clinical category. Abnormalities of social relatedness have long been documented in children who have been abused, neglected or institutionalised, but there have been more recent efforts to define these behaviours within the psychiatric nosology. There has been an implicit assumption that the central deficit in RAD is in the attachment system, but this has caused controversy and may have blocked research. We propose that RAD is better construed within the framework of intersubjectivity, which has a central role in the development of core brain and social functions and may also have had an important role in the evolution of a key human characteristic-complex social functioning. This broader framework may potentially explain apparently diverse symptoms such as indiscriminate friendliness and negative or unpredictable reunion responses. Finally, we suggest that a change of name may be useful in progressing the field, but accept that this may be difficult until there is better agreement in the clinical and scientific communities about the core features and aetiology of this disorder. PMID:16685475

Minnis, Helen; Marwick, Helen; Arthur, Julie; McLaughlin, Alexis

2006-05-09

248

High Boskage House Baseball Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two new baseball sites on the Web allow you to follow the action in real time, and analyze statistics from the 1996 season on a day to day basis. The Instant Ballpark allows spectators (if they have Java enabled browsers) to actually view a Java applet graphic of the game. This harkens back to the days before radio, when fans by the thousands stood in front of "animated billboards" to follow the progress of World Series games. The Instant Ballpark provides tracer bullets to show the path of the ball, a scrolling scoreboard, and the ability to switch between games with the click of a mouse. And if you don't have Java capability, you can follow current text descriptions, play by play. The site contains a complete archive of all games played, standings, statistics, and schedule as well. Another site, the High Boskage House Baseball Pages, offers detailed, "normalized" statistical analysis, and attempts to account for the effect that such factors as the ball park and the "lively ball" have on player statistics. As such it takes actual player statistics and creates other statistics from them. The results are, of course, controversial, and this site is not for the feint of heart. But if you love statistics as much as the game, it is worth looking at. Instant Ballpark: http://www.InstantSports.com/baseball.html High Boskage House Baseball Pages http://www.highboskage.com/ More on statistical definitions at HBHBP: http://www.highboskage.com/STATINFO.HTM

249

Competitive analysis of randomized paging algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we use competitive analysis to study the performance of randomized on-line paging algorithms. We present two results: we first show that the competitive ratio of the marking algorithm is exactly 2H\\u000ak–1. Previously, it was known to be between H\\u000a\\u000ak\\u000a and 2H\\u000a\\u000ak\\u000a. Then we provide a new, H\\u000a\\u000ak\\u000a-competitive algorithm for paging. Our

Dimitris Achlioptas; Marek Chrobak; John Noga

250

The contribution of social rank and attachment theory to depression in a non clinical sample of adolescents.  

PubMed

This study explores the relative contribution of the overall quality of attachment to the mother, to the father and to peers (Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment scales), the style of attachment towards peers (Attachment Questionnaire for Children scale), the social rank variables (submissive behavior and social comparison), and sex and age variables in predicting the depression score (Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) on a non-psychiatric sample of 13-18 year old adolescents (n = 225). Results of our integrated model (adjusted R-Square of .50) show that attachment variables (overall quality of attachment to the father and to the mother), social rank variables (social comparison and submissive behavior), age and sex are important in predicting depressive symptoms during adolescence. Moreover, the attachment to peers variables (quality of attachment to peers, secure and ambivalent style of attachment) and sex are mediated by the social rank variables (social comparison and submissive behavior). PMID:22059328

Puissant, Sylvia Pinna; Gauthier, Jean-Marie; Van Oirbeek, Robin

2011-11-01

251

The history of full-page advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

A supplement to and revision of the work of Harry Dexter Kitson. The authors, in continuing this experiment, have investigated and completed the years which Kitson left unfinished and have added the years since the publication of the latter's book Scientific Advertising. The Literary Digest was taken as a representative general magazine. The proportion of full-page advertisements in it showed

F. J. Gaudet; S. B. Zients

1932-01-01

252

JavaScript: Convenient Interactivity for the Class Web Page.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper shows how JavaScript can be used within HTML pages to add interactive review sessions and quizzes incorporating graphics and sound files. JavaScript has the advantage of providing basic interactive functions without the use of separate software applications and players. Because it can be part of a standard HTML page, it is…

Gray, Patricia

253

Web pages of Slovenian public libraries: evaluation and guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The content and quality of 28 Slovenian public library Web pages were studied in 2001 and 2002. The research was performed by students of Department of Library and Information Science and Book Studies (University of Ljubljana). In that way, student ability of Web page evaluation was also tested. The results show that while libraries are trying to modernise their work,

Silva Novljan; Maja Žumer

2004-01-01

254

Split ring containment attachment device  

DOEpatents

A containment attachment device 10 for operatively connecting a glovebag 200 to plastic sheeting 100 covering hazardous material. The device 10 includes an inner split ring member 20 connected on one end 22 to a middle ring member 30 wherein the free end 21 of the split ring member 20 is inserted through a slit 101 in the plastic sheeting 100 to captively engage a generally circular portion of the plastic sheeting 100. A collar potion 41 having an outer ring portion 42 is provided with fastening means 51 for securing the device 10 together wherein the glovebag 200 is operatively connected to the collar portion 41.

Sammel, Alfred G. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1996-01-01

255

Insecure attachment in couples' relationships.  

PubMed

Couples who are emotionally estranged even though they live together cannot really commit to each other. Their relationship is usually interwoven with painful, mostly unconscious and unaddressed attachment issues. These couples are characterized by a constant fear of intimacy, the leaving/approaching dynamics which provoke further fear in one of the partners and is therefore unstopable. With the help of therapeutic interventions, we will search for the roots of their avoidant behavior and try to creatre a save, intimate place which we call a sacred place, where the healing process can begin. PMID:20306934

Gostecnik, Christian; Repic, Tanja; Cvetek, Robert

256

Predicting Student Perceptions of School Connectedness: The Contributions of Parent Attachment and Peer Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between attachment quality and school connectedness in a high school sample of adolescents. Although there is a literature related to adolescent attachment quality and its effects on adjustment and development, relatively little attention has been paid to the relationship between parent and peer attachment and school connectedness. Further, these attachments and connections have yet to

Jennifer Anne Dixon

2007-01-01

257

Examining Relations among Attachment, Religiosity, and New Age Spirituality Using the Adult Attachment Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was the first to examine relations between attachment and religion-spirituality in adults using a developmentally validated attachment assessment, the Adult Attachment Interview. Security of attachment was expected to be linked to a religiosity-spirituality that is socially based on the parental relationships and reflects extrapolation…

Granqvist, Pehr; Ivarsson, Tord; Broberg, Anders G.; Hagekull, Berit

2007-01-01

258

Primary Attachment to Parents and Peers during Adolescence: Differences by Attachment Style  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the nature of adolescent attachment to parents and peers during adolescence. A projective measure was used to classify 99 11th and 12th grade students into secure, insecure dismissing, and insecure preoccupied attachment groups. Respondents identified their primary attachment figure by nomination and by rating the level of attachment support they received from mothers, fathers, best friends, and

Harry Freeman; B. Bradford Brown

2001-01-01

259

Attachment styles in children affected by migraine without aura  

PubMed Central

Background In recent years, great attention has been given to the presence of psychological problems and psychiatric comorbidity that are also present in children affected by primary headaches. The relationship between pain and attachment has been identified, and it may be that pain perception may change in relation with specific attachment styles. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalent attachment style and verify its putative relationship and correlation with the main characteristics of migraine attacks, in school-aged children affected by migraine without aura (MoA). Materials and methods The study population consisted of 219 children (103 males, 116 females) aged between 6 and 11 years (mean 8.96 ± 2.14 years), consecutively referred for MoA compared with 381 healthy controls (174 males, 207 females; mean age 9.01 ± 1.75 years) randomly selected from schools. All the children were classified according to the attachment typologies of the Italian modified version of the Separation Anxiety Test; monthly headache frequency and mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children. Headache intensity was assessed on a visual analog scale. The chi-square test and t-test, where appropriate, were applied, and the Spearman rank correlation test was applied to explore the relationship between the types of attachment style and clinical aspects of MoA. Results The MoA group showed a significantly higher prevalence of type A (avoidant) attachment (P<0.001) and a significantly lower prevalence of type B (secure) attachment (P<0.001) compared with the control group. Moreover, the Spearman rank correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between MoA characteristics and the attachment style of MoA children. Conclusion The main findings of the present study were the higher prevalence among MoA children of the avoidant attachment style (type A) and the significantly lower prevalence of the secure style attachment (type B) compared with the normal controls, suggesting that the study of psychiatric comorbidity in pediatric headache may be enriched by this new aspect of analysis.

Esposito, Maria; Parisi, Lucia; Gallai, Beatrice; Marotta, Rosa; Di Dona, Anna; Lavano, Serena Marianna; Roccella, Michele; Carotenuto, Marco

2013-01-01

260

Analytically modeling pipeline paging for wireless systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present analytical models for the pipeline paging (PP) scheme, the blanket paging (BP) scheme, and the sequential paging (SP) scheme. In the PP scheme, multiple paging requests can be served in a pipeline manner in different paging areas. Discovery rate, total delay, paging delay, and cost are derived analytically as functions of traffic load. Extensive simulations

Yang Xiao; Hui Chen; Mohsen Guizani

2005-01-01

261

Cell attachment on microscopically textured silicon surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To assess the effect of surface topography on cell attachment, central nervous system (astroglial cells) cells were grown on surfaces patterned with two different types of texture. Reactive ion etching (RIE) was used to induce nanometer-scale roughness in silicon wafers. In a subsequent wet etch, photo-patterned resist protected selected areas of the surface, resulting in a pattern of modified and unmodified texture. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the RIE-roughened 'primary' surface consists of randomly positioned columnar structures (diameter approximately equals 50 nm, height approximately equals 250 nm). The wet-etched 'secondary' surfaces had shorter and more sparsely distributed projections, controlled to a degree by wet etch duration. Confocal microscopy and SEM demonstrated that transformed astroglial (LRM55) cells preferred secondary surfaces. The morphology of cells on secondary surfaces depended on wet etch duration. with brief wet etch, cells hade stellate or mounded morphology and were not closely adherent to the surface. With long wet etch, cells had an epithelial-like morphology and were closely adherent to substrates. Under all conditions, cells discriminated between primary and secondary surfaces. In contrast to LRM55 cells, astrocytes in primary cell culture preferred primary surfaces. Thus changes in surface topography produce cell-specific selectivity and change cell attachment characteristics.

Turner, Stephen W.; Kam, Lance; Isaacson, Michael; Craighead, Harold G.; Szarowski, Donald H.; Turner, James N.; Shain, W.

1997-03-01

262

Site of attachment of retinal in bacteriorhodopsin.  

PubMed Central

The identity of the lysine residue in bacteriorhodopsin to which the chromophore, retinal, is attached as a Schiff's base has been reinvestigated. Retinal is now shown to be linked to lysine-216 and not lysine-41, as had been concluded previously. The retinal in purple membrane was replaced by [15-3H]retinal, the Schiff's base linkage was reduced with NaBH4 while the sample was illuminated, and the resulting [retinyl-3H]bacterio-opsin was cleaved with CNBr. The radioactivity was present exclusively in the COOH-terminal peptide (amino acids 210--248). Sequence analysis showed that the [3H]retinal was attached to lysine-216. The same site was labeled when purple membrane was reduced with NaBH4 in the light at pH greater than 10 or at pH 8 and when membranes modified with ether or solubilized with hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide were reduced in the dark. Our finding places of Schiff's base linkage close to the midpoint of the putative membrane-spanning alpha-helix that is directly connected to the COOH terminus of bacteriorhodopsin. Images

Bayley, H; Huang, K S; Radhakrishnan, R; Ross, A H; Takagaki, Y; Khorana, H G

1981-01-01

263

The Real Beer Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This amazing site, coming in at over 75,000 pages, is the ultimate online resource for beer lovers and homebrewers. Among its many offerings are breaking beer news, spotlight features, an events calendar, a searchable brewery and pub with over 3,500 entries, a searchable library with original publications and a host of links to related online offerings (a trial search for "porter" returned 1,100 hits!), a BREWMall with retail items, and a collection of classified beer and brewing links. Other features include contests, games, and polls. Whatever their depth of interest or knowledge, Beer enthusiasts of all stripes will quickly lose themselves in this site.

264

ESRI Instructional Resources Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can help learners of all ages and academic disciplines understand the world around them. GIS helps students and teachers engage in studies that promote critical thinking, integrated learning, and multiple intelligences. In classrooms and campuses across the country and around the world, educators are using GIS in the study of topics as varied as Marketing and Molecular Biology to Social Studies and Language Arts. The resources on this page demonstrate how GIS can be used in variety of formal and information educational settings. Educational multimedia are included in the form of GIS video tutorials.

2012-11-02

265

The Pi Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Experimental and Constructive Mathematics (CECM) at Simon Fraser University's Department of Mathematics and Statistics provides the Pi Pages Website. Since 2000 BC, people have been trying to compute Pi, and Pi is "still of serious interest to modern mathematical research." Tracing the history of Pi takes the user through geometry, analysis and special functions, numerical analysis, algebra, and number theory. Sections included at the site are Pi Story, Pi Records, Pi People, Pi Literature, Pi News, Pi Aesthetics, Pi on the net, Pi Files, Pi and other numbers, and More Links to other Pi-Enriched sites. This is an excellent resource for anyone interested in learning more about Pi.

Mathematics., Simon F.

1999-01-01

266

The Web Robots Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Martin Koster, a software engineer working in the United Kingdom, maintains this website about Web robots. Web robots, also known as Web Wanderers, Crawlers, or Spiders, are "programs that traverse the Web automatically." The website provides information on how Web robots operate, how they feed search engines, and ways to steer them away from (or to) your pages. Also available from this website is a database of currently known robots, with descriptions and contact details. For more information on technical aspects of designing, building, and operating Web robots, visitors can read discussions from an archived mailing list, browse some older articles and papers posted, or follow links to related websites.

Koster, Martin.

267

Atmospheric Variables Plotting Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Atmospheric Variables Plotting Page is part of the larger Climate Diagnostics Center Web site (last mentioned in the December 6, 2000 Scout Report for Science & Engineering ), which allows users to freely plot available data online. Inputs include date (going back to 1980); variable, such as geopotential height, eddy height, relative humidity, vector winds, and air temperature among others; analysis level, plot type, map domain, as well as several formatting options. Once obtained, the plots can be downloaded for further use, which along with the additional relevant links makes the site a useful tool for climatic data enthusiasts.

1969-12-31

268

Tricine-SDS-PAGE.  

PubMed

Tricine-sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (tricine-SDS-PAGE) is an efficient way of separating low-molecular-mass proteins. However, the standard system is quite complicated and specifically may not be useful when the separated proteins require to be recovered from the gel for quantitative analysis. Here, we describe a simplified system whereby these smaller proteins can be resolved in comparatively low-percentage gels which have high compatibility with modern detectors such as UV and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). PMID:22585479

Haider, Syed R; Reid, Helen J; Sharp, Barry L

2012-01-01

269

AQMD Kid's Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD) is the air pollution control agency for Orange County and major portions of Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and Riverside counties in Southern California. The AQMD Kid's Page contains a bunch of fun and educational links and activities for students including experiments, online games, a recipe for making smog, facts on how smog has changed over the years, a glossary of related terms, and much more. Kids can even check the current smog levels in the Los Angeles area. The fun design of the colorful site includes cartoons graphics and easy-to-read text, making it attractive and educational especially for kids of younger ages.

270

The role of maternal attachment in children's attachment and cognitive executive functioning: A preliminary study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of maternal attachment on children's attachment and executive functioning skills through maternal sensitivity and decentered tutoring were studied in 40 middle-class mother–child dyads. Infant attachment security in the Strange Situation Procedure was related to maternal attachment security, evaluated with the Adult Attachment Interview. When the children were six–seven months of age, maternal sensitivity was evaluated. When the child

Anna von der Lippe; Dag Erik Eilertsen; Ellen Hartmann; Kari Killèn

2010-01-01

271

Dissociative attachment from vibrationally and rotationally excited HCl and HF  

SciTech Connect

An electron impact mass spectrometer is used to study dissociative attachment in HCl, DCl, and HF at incident energies 0--4 eV. Target molecules in different excited nuclear states are prepared with an iridium oven source. The cross sections for Cl/sup -//HCl, Cl/sup -//DCl, and F/sup -//HF all show an order of magnitude increase with each increase of vibrational quantum (v=0, 1, and 2). In Cl/sup -//HCl the threshold cross section for the v=2 level at 0.1 eV reaches (7.8 +- 4.7) x 10/sup -15/ cm/sup 2/. Together, this large cross section and the recent potential-energy-curve calculations of HCl and HCl/sup -/ show that the conventional theory of dissociative attachment may not be applicable here. A new mechanism for dissociative attachment is suggested.

Allan, M.; Wong, S.F.

1981-02-01

272

Mental representations of attachment figures facilitate recovery following upsetting autobiographical memory recall.  

PubMed

A growing literature shows that even the symbolic presence of an attachment figure facilitates the regulation of negative affect triggered by external stressors. Yet, in daily life, pernicious stressors are often internally generated--recalling an upsetting experience reliably increases negative affect, rumination, and susceptibility to physical and psychological health problems. The present research provides the first systematic examination of whether activating the mental representation of an attachment figure enhances the regulation of affect triggered by thinking about upsetting memories. Using 2 different techniques for priming attachment figure representations and 2 types of negative affect measures (explicit and implicit), activating the mental representation of an attachment figure (vs. an acquaintance or stranger) after recalling an upsetting memory enhanced recovery--eliminating the negative effects of the memory recall (Studies 1-3). In contrast, activating the mental representation of an attachment figure before recalling an upsetting memory had no such effect (Studies 1 and 2). Furthermore, activating the mental representation of an attachment figure after thinking about upsetting memories reduced negative thinking in a stream of consciousness task, and the magnitude of the attachment-induced affective recovery effects as assessed with explicit affect measures predicted mental and physical health in daily life (Study 3). Finally, a meta-analysis of the 3 studies (Study 4) showed that the regulatory benefits conferred by the mental representation of an attachment figure were weaker for individuals high on attachment avoidance. The implications of these findings for attachment, emotion regulation, and mental and physical health are discussed. PMID:22486677

Selcuk, Emre; Zayas, Vivian; Günaydin, Gül; Hazan, Cindy; Kross, Ethan

2012-04-09

273

Stability and Change of Attachment at 14, 24, and 58 Months of Age: Behavior, Representation, and Life Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stability and change of attachment was examined longitudinally in a group of 48 children at 14, 24, and 58 months of age. Whereas attachment classifications showed stability between 14 and 24 months, lack of stability was the case between either 14 or 24 months and 58 months. Mothers of children who did not exhibit stability of attachment reported more negative

Yair Bar-Haim; D. Barbara Sutton; Nathan A. Fox; Robert S. Marvin

2000-01-01

274

25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows the paper after it has been coated and dried, as shown on page 238, and it being rolled at the end of the coating-machine. It is now ready to be sent to the big presses which calender it (or iron it, as popular pariance would have it). The pictures on pages 238 and 239 show a continuous process over a single machine; but on account of the length of teh machine, the process is illustrated in sections. (p.239.) - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

275

Emotional design of web page  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design of Web page should be Internet-user-oriented. The key factor of a successful Web page design lies in that the designer can find out counterparts of products in the real world. Another important factor of a successful-designed web page is that the designer can represent the products by a combination of harmonious and inducing colors, images and characters. The

Nan Jiang I; Xinyu Feng; Hui Liu; Juan Liu

2008-01-01

276

College and University Home Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College and University Home Pages offers pointers to the home pages of over 2300 colleges and universities in 77 countries. Either alphabetical and geographic listings are available for browsing. It also includes a small list of what users believe to be good examples of school homepages, and a link to a final class project done at Columbia University's Teachers College which surveyed over 450 school home pages. http://www.mit.edu:8001/people/cdemello/univ.html

277

David Baldwin's Trauma Information Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Trauma Information Pages, provided by psychologist David Baldwin, provide information about traumatic stress for clinicians and researchers in the field. The pages include information on trauma symptoms, connections to trauma resources including full text articles and an EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) bibliography, general support information including grief, stress, and mental health pointers, disaster handouts and links, and links to other trauma and trauma related sites. The Trauma Pages are searchable.

Baldwin, David V.

1997-01-01

278

Piles of Fire: Teacher Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Teacher Page of an activity that teaches students how particle size affects the angle of a volcano's slope. This page has background information on pyroclastic eruptions, experiment preparation instructions, and information on the experiment's outcome. The procedures for this activity can be found on the Piles of Fire Student Page. This activity is part of Exploring Planets in the Classroom's Volcanology section.

279

Adults in Wilderness Treatment: A Unique Application of Attachment Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research shows how an understanding of adult attachment applies to clinical treatment, such as outpatient therapy, but no\\u000a literature explores the application of adult attachment to wilderness therapy, a distinct type of residential treatment. This\\u000a paper explores how an understanding of adult attachment applies to wilderness therapy clients, as the nature of wilderness\\u000a therapy involves losses, separations, and reunions, all

Joanna E. Bettmann; Rachael A. Jasperson

2008-01-01

280

Effects of multiple endorsements and consumer–celebrity attachment on attitude and purchase intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines consumer–celebrity attachment within multiple endorsement situations. A 2×2 factorial design manipulates attachment strength to the celebrity and endorsement situation while controlling for celebrity attractiveness, familiarity and match-up. Results show strong attachment to a celebrity encourages positive attitude towards the advertisement and brand regardless of the number of endorsements. A significant interaction effect is found for purchase intention,

Jasmina Ilicic; Cynthia M. Webster

2011-01-01

281

Dissociative Electron Attachment to chloroacetylene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production of two fragments with ? symmetry from electron-impact dissociation of C2H2, which has only a low lying &*circ; resonance at equilibrium geometry, has been explained by the existence of interactions with &*circ; resonances at bent geometries. We are investigating the presence of such multidimensional effects in the dissociative attachment of chloroacetylene (C2HCl). We have performed electron scattering calculations using the Complex Kohn variational method to determine the resonance energies and widths of the chloroacetylene resonances as a function of both the Cl--C2H bond distance as well as the variation with C-C stretch and bend. We will discuss our results and our prediction of the dissociation dynamics in comparison to the findings for for C2H2. This work was supported by the U.S. DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences and the National Science Foundation, PHY-05-55401.

Ngassam, V.; Orel, A. E.

2007-06-01

282

Sexuality and attachment from a clinical point of view.  

PubMed

The clinical experience of five attachment-based psychoanalytic psychotherapists is pooled in an exploration of how issues in relation to sexuality and attachment emerge in the consulting room. Our clinical experience shows that sexuality, far from being a powerful instinctual drive that invariably needs to be explored clinically, is far more a reflection of early attachment histories. Instead of the standard pressure cooker of sexuality, which if not expressed leads to pathological emotional conflict we identify a melancholy sexuality, a cold arctic-like desert unwarmed by human relationship that barely achieves expression. We find that a broader and more fluid conception of sexuality as not just genitally focused but as erotic helps us relate to difficulties around sexuality as having to do with conflicts in relation to or associated with desire for contact and connection linked to past histories of loss, abandonment and sexual abuse. We argue theoretically that the psychological dimension of the biological system of human reproductive capacities, that is to say, the actually lived experience of human sexuality cannot be separated from the psychological dynamics of attachment within a social and cultural context. We discuss clinical issues including the sequelae of primary erotic attachments and working with sexual fantasies and working with erotic transference/countertransference re-enactments. A clinical example illustrates in some detail how we work with an adult survivor of sexual abuse troubled by intrusive sexual fantasies. PMID:15370508

Laschinger, Bernice; Purnell, Chris; Schwartz, Joseph; White, Kate; Wingfield, Rachel

2004-06-01

283

Impact of attachment, temperament and parenting on human development  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this review is to present the basic concepts of attachment theory and temperament traits and to discuss the integration of these concepts into parenting practices. Attachment is a basic human need for a close and intimate relationship between infants and their caregivers. Responsive and contingent parenting produces securely attached children who show more curiosity, self-reliance, and independence. Securely attached children also tend to become more resilient and competent adults. In contrast, those who do not experience a secure attachment with their caregivers may have difficulty getting along with others and be unable to develop a sense of confidence or trust in others. Children who are slow to adjust or are shy or irritable are likely to experience conflict with their parents and are likely to receive less parental acceptance or encouragement, which can make the children feel inadequate or unworthy. However, the influence of children's temperament or other attributes may be mitigated if parents adjust their caregiving behaviors to better fit the needs of the particular child. Reflecting on these arguments and our childhood relationships with our own parents can help us develop the skills needed to provide effective guidance and nurturance.

Park, Jae Sun

2012-01-01

284

Attachment of Agrobacteria to Grape Cells †  

PubMed Central

The presence of the Ti plasmid favorably influences the attachment of agrobacteria to grape callus cells, especially during the early stages of a 2-h incubation. Agrobacterium strains attached to a similar extent to both the crown gall-resistant cultivar (Catawba), Vitis labruscana, and the crown gall-susceptible cultivar (Chancellor), Vitis sp. Attachment of the virulent strain to grape callus cells is blocked by the avirulent strain HLB-2 in both the tissue culture cell suspension and the seedling root systems.

Pu, Xin-An; Goodman, R. N.

1993-01-01

285

Adolescents' Attachment Representations and Moral Reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical speculations and empirical data on the relation between attachment and moral reasoning are presented. An autonomous attachment representation was hypothesized to be an important personality dimension facilitating higher levels of moral (Type B) reasoning in adolescence. A sample of 47 U.S. college students (mean age 19.5 years) completed the Adult Attachment Interview (Main & Goldwyn, 1985–1993) and the Sociomoral

Marinus H. Van Ijzendoorn; Hylda A. Zwart-Woudstra

1995-01-01

286

Argumenthood and English Prepositional Phrase Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two self-paced reading experiments are presented to assess how temporary ambiguities in prepositional phrase attachment are resolved in English verb–noun-phrase–prepositional-phrase sequences. The hypothesis tested is a preference to maximize argument relations, in contrast to an overall verb phrase attachment preference (cf. Minimal Attachment). Five syntactic argumenthood diagnostics were used to construct noun phrase argument and verb phrase modifier completions of

Carson T. Schütze; Edward Gibson

1999-01-01

287

Promoting a secure attachment: A primary prevention practice model.  

PubMed

It is increasingly recognized that early sensitive care-giving predicts a secure attachment in infancy and early childhood.This preliminary report details the development, implementation and evaluation of a clinical programme that used a targeted prevention approach following a universally-offered screening of parent-infant interactions. The CARE-Index was used to assign dyads to low, medium and high risk groups, and interventions - featuring reflective videotape-based feedback - were tailored to each risk group in order to increase maternal sensitivity and improve infant attachment status. Results showed improved maternal sensitivity in the intervention conditions compared to comparisons. In addition, infants in the intervention conditions were significantly more likely to be classified as secure, and significantly less likely to be classified as having DMM complex attachment strategies. Methodological shortcomings, however, mean that these findings should be regarded as tentative. PMID:20603424

Svanberg, P O; Mennet, Lisa; Spieker, Susan

2010-07-01

288

Amino acids attached to transfer ribonucleic acid in vivo.  

PubMed Central

1. tRNA was extracted from rabbit liver by both the phenol and diethyl pyrocarbonate methods under conditions preventing deacylation of the amino acids attached in vivo. 2. After deacylation 12 amino acids were determined by gas-liquid chromatography, by using the flame-ionization and nitrogen-sensitive thermionic detectors. 3. Comparison of the distribution of 12 amino acids attached to tRNA with those contained in total tissue protein and in the free pool showed little correlation. 4. Results for the enzymic charging assay for tRNA in vitro did not correlate satisfactorily with the analysis of amino acids attached to tRNA in vivo. Marked differences were ntoed in comparison made between our own and other published results.

Butler, M; Darbre, A; Arnstein, H R

1975-01-01

289

Land Surveyor Reference Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of Land Surveyor Reference Page Web site is "to provide reference materials that are useful in the practice of Land Surveying and to promote communication within the surveying community globally." Funded by the Huntington Technology Group, the site is periodically updated to include the latest information on state rules, regulations and statutes, federal government data sources, maps, articles of interest, college and university programs, meetings and conventions, as well as links to professional organizations, land surveying message boards, and much more. While obviously helpful to the surveying professional, the site also should appeal to researchers and others doing work that involves surveying; providing them with helpful and up-to-date information.

1995-01-01

290

Turning the Pages Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working together with the British Library, the National Library of Medicine created this delightful digitized collection of "rare and beautiful" historical books in the biomedical sciences. The website is designed to complement their physical kiosks at the Library, and they have done a remarkable job with this project. The site contains six important texts, including Hieronymus Brunschwig's Liber de Arte Distillandi, a crucial work from 1521 on chemical, alchemical, and distillation devices. Actually, this volume is a good place to start one's explorations, and visitors will find that "turning" the digital pages is quite easy. After getting their feet wet, users can move on to look over Robert Hooke's Micrographia and Vesalius' seminal work, De Humani Corporis Fabrica.

291

Friedrich Hayek Scholars Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website was created by Greg Ransom of the Department of Social Sciences at MoraCosta College and is dedicated the Friedrich Hayek, who won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1972. According to Ransom, Hayek is remembered as "a key figure in the 20th century revival of liberalism." A bevy of information is available, including a huge number of Web-published academic research papers discussing Hayek. The site also contains extensive bibliographies of Hayek's writing and commentary on his writing. The Best of the Web section consists of rated articles, papers, conferences, speeches, and course syllabi about Hayek. The Friedrich Hayek Scholars Page also links to video footage of Hayek in 1978, the archives of the Hayek-L discussion list, and a Hayek fact file.

292

Personal Web Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As almost every user will admit, personal Webpages are often far from the Internet's strong point. Uninspired, incomprehensible, and sometimes almost unreadable, many personal pages seem more a waste of bandwidth than anything else. This site, an About.com guide created and maintained by Linda Roeder, offers hope and help in the form of a number of articles and numerous related resources to help users design and create their own personal Webpages. Beginners should start with the Creating a Web Site Tutorial, while others will benefit from the archive of weekly articles, tips of the day, design tools, and product reviews. In addition to covering the process of creating and maintaining a personal Website, the guide addresses topics such as online diaries, Webcams, statistics-keeping, and Webrings.

293

NOAA La Nina Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has assembled this informative metasite on La Nina, an extreme phase of a naturally occurring climate cycle known as "El Nino" or "the Southern Oscillation." Unlike El Nino, the La Nina phase is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific. NOAA's La Nina Page draws from several sources (universities to government agencies) to provide information on this phenomenon. Begin with the Frequently Asked Questions link or examine animations of current and former ocean temperature conditions, monthly US temperature and precipitation maps, predictions of future climate patterns, and a series of descriptions of the impacts of La Nina. A detailed summary of the La Nina summit, held last summer in Colorado, rounds out the site.

1998-01-01

294

Enhancing attachment organization among maltreated children: results of a randomized clinical trial.  

PubMed

Young children who have experienced early adversity are at risk for developing disorganized attachments. The efficacy of Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), an intervention targeting nurturing care among parents identified as being at risk for neglecting their young children, was evaluated through a randomized clinical trial. Attachment quality was assessed in the Strange Situation for 120 children between 11.7 and 31.9 months of age (M = 19.1, SD = 5.5). Children in the ABC intervention showed significantly lower rates of disorganized attachment (32%) and higher rates of secure attachment (52%) relative to the control intervention (57% and 33%, respectively). These results support the efficacy of the ABC intervention in enhancing attachment quality among parents at high risk for maltreatment. PMID:22239483

Bernard, Kristin; Dozier, Mary; Bick, Johanna; Lewis-Morrarty, Erin; Lindhiem, Oliver; Carlson, Elizabeth

2012-01-12

295

JAMA Patient Page: Medical Specialties  

MedlinePLUS

... diseases of the nervous system) • Neurosurgery (surgery of the brain and nervous system) • Nuclear medicine (use of nuclear ... this and previous JAMA Patient Pages, go to the Patient Page link on JAMA ’s ... Janet M. Torpy, MD, Writer Alison E. Burke, MA, Illustrator Richard M. Glass, ...

296

Attachment Patterns in Medically Serious Suicide Attempts: The Mediating Role of Self-Disclosure and Loneliness.  

PubMed

Although the study of medically serious suicide behavior is an important strategy for understanding the nature of suicide, little is known about its underlying psychological mechanisms. This gap is addressed here by applying insights from attachment theory to severe suicidal behavior. The results show that both anxious and avoidant attachment patterns predict medical lethality. Path analysis indicated that interpersonal difficulties mediated the paths between insecure attachment patterns and lethality of suicide attempts. These results suggest that the psychological mechanisms of medically serious suicide behavior involve high levels of mental pain amplified by insecure attachment patterns and interpersonal difficulties. Implications for prevention and therapeutic intervention strategies are discussed. PMID:23662907

Levi-Belz, Yossi; Gvion, Yari; Horesh, Netta; Apter, Alan

2013-05-11

297

16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING THE 'EYE PLATES' AND THE ATTACHMENT OF THE SIDEWALK CANTILEVER BRACKETS, NORTH GIRDER, PANEL 5, LOOKING SOUTHEAST Ryan & Harms - Benton Street Bridge, Spanning Iowa River at Benton Street, Iowa City, Johnson County, IA

298

9. VIEW SHOWING JUNCTION OF CONCRETE EAST APPROACH SPAN WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. VIEW SHOWING JUNCTION OF CONCRETE EAST APPROACH SPAN WITH STEEL SPAN, LOOKING NORTH. NOTE ROCKING CAST STEEL SHOE ATTACHED TO PIER TO ALLOW FOR EXPANSION OF STEEL SPAN - Jensen Bridge, Spanning Green River at Town of Jensen, Jensen, Uintah County, UT

299

View of north section of bridge shows east girder as ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of north section of bridge shows east girder as it attaches to north concrete abutment. Note expansion rocker shoe. - Raging River Bridge No. 234A, Preston-Fall City Road & Southeast Forty-fourth Place, Fall City, King County, WA

300

Hierarchical, Adaptive Cache Consistency in a Page Server OODBMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to its simplicity and communication efficiency, many client-server object-oriented database systems are based on the basic page server architecture-pages serve as their smallest unit of data transfer, client caching, and concurrency control. In an earlier paper, we showed how to extend this architecture to permit object-level callback locking, and we showed through simulations that significant performance gains can be

Markos Zaharioudakis; Michael J. Carey

1998-01-01

301

Hierarchical, Adaptive Cache Consistency in a Page Server OODBMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to its simplicity and communication efficiency many client-server object-oriented database systems are based on the basic page server architecture-pages serve as their smallest unit of data transfer, client caching, and concurrency control. In an earlier paper, we showed how to extend this architecture to permit object-level callback locking, and we showed through simulations that significant performance gains can be

Markos Zaharioudakis; Michael J. Carey

1997-01-01

302

TRANSGENERATIONAL ATTACHMENT IN MAN?SA, TURKEY.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: This study was conducted with the purpose of proving transgenerational attachment by determining the relationship between the adult attachment patterns of mothers and grandmothers as well as the relationship between the adult attachment patterns of mothers and maternal attachment. Methods: The population of the study consisted of mothers and grandmothers registered with the Manisa Village Clinics. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted between January and July 2007. The universe of research consisted of 1400 infants between 1 and 4 months old and their mothers and grandmothers who lived in the urban center of Manisa. Consequently, research was conducted with 140 mothers and their own mothers by determining the number of individuals needed to serve as sample from 11 village clinics by the Stratified Random Sampling Method. As tools for data collection, a Maternal Attachment Inventory, an Inventory of Experiences in Close Relationships and forms collecting information relating to mothers and grandmothers were prepared and used by the researchers. Results: A positive, strong and significant correlation was determined between the anxiety and avoidance attachment patterns of the mothers and those of the grandmothers (Anxiety: r=0.556, p<0.001; Avoidance: r=0.683, p<0.001). A negative correlation of medium significance was determined between the anxiety and avoidance attachment patterns of mothers and their maternal attachment (Anxiety: r=-0.321, p<0.05; Avoidance: r=-0.281, p<0.05). Conclusion: It is thought that attachment patterns are transmitted across generations. Considering the fact that attachment is a multifactorial process, it is suggested that nurses and other health personnel should support families in improving the quality of parent-baby interaction. Additional research is needed to focus on improving the analysis and development of new strategies which will enrich the secure attachment level of the mothers of today, who will become the grandmothers of the future. PMID:22519461

Sen, Selma; Kavlak, Oya

2012-03-22

303

Attachment and the Child in School. Part I: Attachment Theory and the 'Dependent' Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the framework of attachment theory to describe a behavior pattern, the anxious resistant/ambivalent attachment pattern. Examples from educational practice illustrate the condition. Possible intervention approaches are suggested. (Contains references.) (Author/DB)

Geddes, Heather

2003-01-01

304

Dissociative electron attachment to triflates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gas phase studies of dissociative electron attachment to simple alkyl (CF3SO3CH3) and aryl (C6H5SO3CF3 and CF3SO3C6H4CH3) triflates, model molecules of nonionic photoacid generators for modern lithographic applications, were performed. The fragmentation pathways under electron impact below 10 eV were identified by means of crossed electron-molecular beam mass spectrometry. Major dissociation channels involved C-O, S-O, or C-S bond scissions in the triflate moiety leading to the formation of triflate (OTf-), triflyl (Tf-), or sulfonate (RSO3-) anions, respectively. A resonance leading to C-O bond breakage and OTf- formation in alkyl triflates occurred at electron energies about 0.5 eV lower than the corresponding resonance in aryl triflates. A resonance leading to S-O bond breakage and Tf- formation in aryl triflates occurred surprisingly at the same electron energies as C-O bond breakage. In case of alkyl triflates S-O bond breakage required 1.4 eV higher electron energies to occur and proceeded with substantially lower yields than in aryl triflates. C-S bond scission occurred for all presently studied triflates at energies close to 3 eV.

Ptasi?ska, Sylwia; Gschliesser, David; Bartl, Peter; Janik, Ireneusz; Scheier, Paul; Denifl, Stephan

2011-12-01

305

Biliprotein maturation: the chromophore attachment  

PubMed Central

Biliproteins are a widespread group of brilliantly coloured photoreceptors characterized by linear tetrapyrrolic chromophores, bilins, which are covalently bound to the apoproteins via relatively stable thioether bonds. Covalent binding stabilizes the chromoproteins and is mandatory for phycobilisome assembly; and, it is also important in biliprotein applications such as fluorescence labelling. Covalent binding has, on the other hand, also considerably hindered biliprotein research because autocatalytic chromophore additions are rare, and information on enzymatic addition by lyases was limited to a single example, an EF-type lyase attaching phycocyanobilin to cysteine-?84 of C-phycocyanin. The discovery of new activities for the latter lyases, and of new types of lyases, have reinvigorated research activities in the subject. So far, work has mainly concentrated on cyanobacterial phycobiliproteins. Methodological advances in the process, however, as well as the finding of often large numbers of homologues, opens new possibilities for research on the subsequent assembly/disassembly of the phycobilisome in cyanobacteria and red algae, on the assembly and organization of the cryptophyte light-harvesting system, on applications in basic research such as protein folding, and on the use of phycobiliproteins for labelling.

Scheer, H; Zhao, K-H

2008-01-01

306

Attachment and Autism: Parental Attachment Representations and Relational Behaviors in the Parent-Child Dyad  

Microsoft Academic Search

While attachment research has demonstrated that parents’ internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted\\u000a to their children, affecting children’s developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between\\u000a adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with autism and associated neurodevelopmental\\u000a disorders of relating and communicating. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was employed to

Lynn Seskin; Eileen Feliciano; Gil Tippy; Ruby Yedloutschnig; K. Mark Sossin; Anastasia Yasik

2010-01-01

307

Childhood Attachment and Adult Attachment in Incarcerated Adult Male Sex Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-eight incarcerated sex offenders were compared with 16 property offenders and 16 nonoffenders on self-report measures of childhood maternal and paternal attachment and adult attachment. The combined sex-offender groups reported significantly less secure maternal, paternal, and adult attachment than did the nonoffenders and significantly less secure maternal attachment than did the property offenders. Intrafamilial child molesters were found to have

STEPHEN W. SMALLBONE; MARK R. DADDS

1998-01-01

308

View of hospital district, showing cannon in foreground, showing building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of hospital district, showing cannon in foreground, showing building H1 at left, showing building H72 in background; camera facing north. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, East of Nave Drive, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

309

Simplified approach to fatigue strength assessment of fillet-welded attachment ends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost all stiffeners, brackets and other attachments in ship hulls are joined by non-penetration fillet welds for fabrication reasons. However, the ends of these attachments show frequently high stress concentration due to their geometrical shape and loading. Fatigue cracks may initiate here not only from the weld toe, but also from the non-welded root gap. A simplified approach is proposed

Wolfgang Fricke; Olaf Doerk

2006-01-01

310

Relationship of Attachment Style and Ethnic Identity to Self-Actualization in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-actualization, attachment style, and ethnic identity of college students. Participants (N= 373) from a private, Midwestern university completed surveys which measured each of these variables. Results revealed a significant negative relationship between self-actualization and both avoidant and anxiety attachment styles. Results also showed a significant positive relationship between self-

Lisa M. Vaughn; Stacey Naylor; Stacy White

2009-01-01

311

Interstadial variation in the attachment sites of Ixodes ricinus ticks on sheep  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spatial aggregation of ticks feeding on vertebrate hosts has been recognized for some time but, for hosts supporting more than one stage of the tick, observations of interstadial variation in the site of attachment have not previously been quantified. This study showed that all three parasitic stages of Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on sheep attach most commonly to the

N. H. Ogden; R. S. Hailes; P. A. Nuttall

1998-01-01

312

Measurement Invariance of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale across Adult Attachment Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examine the measurement invariance of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) across adult attachment style. A 1-factor model and measurement invariance was supported across groups. As predicted, latent mean differences showed that securely attached individuals reported significantly more mindfulness than did…

Cordon, Shari L.; Finney, Sara J.

2008-01-01

313

Chinese Christians in America: Attachment to God, Stress, and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined whether attachment to God moderated the relation between perceived stress and well-being (i.e., life satisfaction and positive affect) among 183 Chinese Christian international students and immigrants. Results showed significant main effects of (a) perceived stress on life satisfaction and (b) secure attachment to God and…

Wei, Meifen; Ku, Tsun-Yao; Chen, Hwei-Jane; Wade, Nathaniel; Liao, Kelly Yu-Hsin; Guo, Gwo-Jen

2012-01-01

314

Measurement Invariance of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale across Adult Attachment Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors examine the measurement invariance of the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) across adult attachment style. A 1-factor model and measurement invariance was supported across groups. As predicted, latent mean differences showed that securely attached individuals reported significantly more mindfulness than did…

Cordon, Shari L.; Finney, Sara J.

2008-01-01

315

Attachment Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris ): A New Application of Ainsworth's (1969) Strange Situation Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-one owner–dog pairs were observed in a modified version of M. D. S. Ainsworth's (1969) Strange Situation Test. The results demonstrate that adult dogs (Canis familiaris) show patterns of attachment behavior toward the owner. Although there was considerable variability in dogs' attachment behavior to humans, the authors did not find any effect of gender, age, living conditions, or breed on

József Topál; Ádám Miklósi; Vilmos Csányi; Antal Dóka

1998-01-01

316

Fine structure of the organ of attachment of the teleost, Garra gotyla gotyla (Ham)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the morphology of the attachment organ (AO) of the teleost, Garra gotyla gotyla (Cyprinidae). It is located ventrally around the mouth opening and used by the species for attachment to submerged rocks in sub-Himalayan streams and rivers where it lives. The AO consists of three crescentic parts and a central callus part. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows the

Debasish Das; Tapas C. Nag

2006-01-01

317

Beyond the commodity metaphor: Examining emotional and symbolic attachment to place  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to the dominant multiattribute commodity view of outdoor recreation settings, wilderness users are described as having emotional and symbolic ties to the setting that are manifested as attachment to the site and the wilderness concept. Data from four wilderness areas show stronger place and wilderness attachment to be associated with previous visits, rural residence, a setting (as opposed

Daniel R. Williams; Michael E. Patterson; Joseph W. Roggenbuck; Alan E. Watson

1992-01-01

318

Psychophysical Scaling of Attachment and Loss.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few studies have attempted to measure the strength of attachment in personal relationships or the stress associated with the loss of those relationships. To measure the perceived strength of attachment and stress of loss of 20 typical relationships (e.g.,wife or husband, father, son, daughter, brother, sister, friend, lover, grandparents, and…

Tarnai, John

319

Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed earlier in life between human infants and their parents. Key components of attachment theory, developed by Bowlby, Ainsworth, and others to explain the development of affectional bonds in infancy, were translated

Cindy Hazan; Phillip Shaver

1987-01-01

320

Attachment Disorder, Basic Trust and Educational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The label Attachment Disorder (AD) is used as either a description of a child's presentation, or as a diagnostic category. It is unclear whether this label is intended to be identical with the DSM-IV Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) diagnostic category, or if it is a separate diagnosis based on Randolph's Questionnaire and the premises…

King, Michael G.; Newnham, Karyn

2008-01-01

321

Attachment Disorder, Basic Trust and Educational Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The label Attachment Disorder (AD) is used as either a description of a child's presentation, or as a diagnostic category. It is unclear whether this label is intended to be identical with the DSM-IV Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) diagnostic category, or if it is a separate diagnosis based on Randolph's Questionnaire and the premises underlying this instrument. The third option

Michael G King; Karyn Newnham

2008-01-01

322

Attachment Theory and the Social Work Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory, as developed by Bowlby and Ainsworth, represented a major departure from the current theories of human development of the time, par- ticularly in its rejection of the major tenets of psychoanalytic theory and its integra- tion of core ideas from evolution theory and cybernetics (Ainsworth & Bowlby, 1991). Attachment theory posits that a foundational human instinct, the desire

Timothy Page; Rhonda Norwood

2007-01-01

323

Reactive attachment disorder in maltreated toddlers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine if Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) can be reliably identified in maltreated toddlers in foster care, if the two types of RAD are independent, and to estimate the prevalence of RAD in these maltreated toddlers.Methods: Clinicians treating 94 maltreated toddlers in foster care were interviewed regarding signs of attachment disorder at intake in an intervention program.Results: Using categorical

Charles H. Zeanah; Michael Scheeringa; Neil W. Boris; Sherryl S. Heller; Anna T. Smyke; Jennifer Trapani

2004-01-01

324

Case matching and relative clause attachment.  

PubMed

Two accounts of relative clause attachment will be discussed, the case-matching hypothesis proposed by Sauerland and Gibson (1998) and the attachment-binding dualism (Hemforth et al., in press a, b). While the case-matching hypothesis predicts that relative clauses are preferentially attached to NPs whose case matches that of the relative pronoun, attachment binding predicts that NPs are preferentially attached to the most salient host, that is NP1 in constructions with two NPs. We conducted two off-line studies, one sentence completion task and one magnitude estimation experiment using subject (nominative pronoun) and object (accusative pronoun) relative clauses that can be attached to either of the two nouns in a complex subject (NP1 = nominative, NP2 = genitive) or object NP (NP1 = accusative, NP2 = genitive). While attachment binding predicts an across-the-board NP1 preference, the case-matching hypothesis predicts an NP1 prefence only in the case of subject (object) NPs followed by subject (object) relative clauses. The results of both experiments provide evidence for attachment binding and against case matching. PMID:10723712

Hemforth, B; Konieczny, L; Seelig, H; Walter, M

2000-01-01

325

Adults' attachment patterns: Coping with separations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to examine the correlation between attachment patterns of adults and reactions to separations from their significant others on both a phenomenological and a representational level. Cluster analysis technique was used to classify 137 college students into four attachment pattern categories: secure, avoidant, ambivalent, and controlling (compulsive care giver). On the phenomenological level, the current relationships

Ofra Mayseless; Rotem Danieli; Ruth Sharabany

1996-01-01

326

Attachment Representations and Time Perspective in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between attachment to parents and peers, time perspective and psychological adjustment in adolescence. 2,665 adolescents (M age = 17.03 years, SD = 1.48) completed self-report measures about parent and peer attachment, time perspective, sympathy and self-determination. Subjects were divided into four groups…

Laghi, Fiorenzo; D'Alessio, Maria; Pallini, Susanna; Baiocco, Roberto

2009-01-01

327

Chromosomal breaks with attachments to the nucleolus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among over 2,000 chromosomal aberrations produced by a cytoplasmic chromosome-breakage factor in Drosophila robusta, 28 have been unique in that the broken chromosome has become attached to the nucleolus. These have taken three forms according to the origin of the broken pieces. Particularly interesting are three aberrations of form 3 in which the chromosome attached to the nucleolus is an

Max Levitan

1970-01-01

328

Attachment Theory and Child Abuse: Some Cautions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a response to Bolen's article, "Child Sexual Abuse and Attachment Theory: Are We Rushing Headlong into Another Controversy?" (this issue). Heralds the article as a welcome addition to the child abuse field and further explores the issues pertaining to attachment theory and child abuse. (GCP)|

Olafson, Erna

2002-01-01

329

Alexithymia and attachment insecurities in impulsive aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this study were to develop a new measure of impulsive aggressiveness, and to assess whether this measure was associated with deficits in mentalized affectivity and adult attachment styles in a sample of 637 non-clinical participants. Extending Fonagy and Bateman's (2004) hypothesis, the mediating role of poor affectivity mentalization in the relationship between insecure attachment styles and impulsive

Andrea Fossati; Elena Acquarini; Judith A. Feeney; Serena Borroni; Federica Grazioli; Laura E. Giarolli; Gianluca Franciosi; Cesare Maffei

2009-01-01

330

Romantic Love Conceptualized as an Attachment Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process—a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed earlier in life between human infants and their parents. Key components of attachment theory, developed by Bowlby, Ainsworth, and others to explain the development of affectional bonds in infancy, were translated

Cindy Hazan; Phillip Shaver

1987-01-01

331

Anterior sacrodural attachments–Trolard's ligaments revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. In contrast to the attention paid to the structures surrounding spinal nerve roots in the intervertebral foramina, the anterior dural attachments are largely ignored, although they have been described since the last decades of the 19th century. These anterior attachments were systematically studied in a series of 30 cadaver dissections and were found to be present in almost 94%

E. Barbaix; M. D. Girardin; J. P. Hoppner; P. Van Roy; J. P. Clarijs

1996-01-01

332

Assessing Users' Attachment to Their Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are often described as very personal objects and users are said to develop deep relationships with them. Motivated by such recurring statements, this paper introduces user-device attachment as a concept describing the relationship between users and their mobile devices. By drawing on literature from marketing, HCI, and sociology, the domain and dimensions of user-device attachment are described. Three

Kai Wehmeyer

2007-01-01

333

Adult Attachment in a Nationally Representative Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosion of adult attachment research in the last decade has been limited by its reliance on college student and distressed samples. Using a large nationally representative sample of American adults, the authors examined the relation of sociodemographics, childhood adversity, parental representations, adult psychopathology, and personality traits to adult attachment in an effort to replicate previous findings and extend the

Kristin D. Mickelson; Ronald C. Kessler; Phillip R. Shaver

1997-01-01

334

Loss and Disorganization from an Attachment Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, it is hypothesized that disorganizing, disorienting, and unresolved states of mind about loss experiences, as classified by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coding system, may offer insight into the bereaved mind and may guide clinical treatment approaches. This article discusses pre-loss attachment organizations and the…

Thomson, Paula

2010-01-01

335

Adult Attachment and the Transition to Parenthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how a major life stressor—the transition to parenthood—affects marital satisfaction and functioning among persons with different attachment orientations. As hypothesized, the interaction between women's degree of attachment ambivalence and their perceptions of spousal support (assessed 6 weeks prior to childbirth) predicted systematic changes in men's and women's marital satisfaction and related factors over time (6 months postpartum).

W. Steven Rholes; Jeffry A. Simpson; Lorne Campbell; Jami Grich

2001-01-01

336

Adult attachment: What are the underlying dimensions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a community sample of 115 young adults, this study applied a range of statistical techniques to é ve measures of adult attachment to gain a better understanding of what they assess. First, we determined comparability of measures, using both categorical and dimensional approaches to model theassociation. Agreement among classié cations was modest. Next, we examined the relation of attachment

Helen Stein; A. Dawn Koontz; Peter Fonagy; Jon G. Allen; Jim Fultz; John R. Brethour Jr; Darla Allen; Richard B. Evans

2002-01-01

337

Romantic Attachment in Individuals With Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the relationship between adult attachment style and physical disability in intimate romantic relationships. Method: Participants were 50 individuals with adult-onset spinal cord injuries (SCI) and 50 individuals with congenital disabilities (CON) living in the community. The main outcome measures were adult attachment style and dyadic relationship adjustment. Results: Participants with SCI and CON did not differ in

Karen Hwang; Mark Johnston; Jeffrey K. Smith

2007-01-01

338

Attachment Representations and Time Perspective in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the relationship between attachment to parents and peers, time perspective and psychological adjustment in adolescence. 2,665 adolescents (M age = 17.03 years, SD = 1.48) completed self-report measures about parent and peer attachment, time perspective, sympathy and self-determination. Subjects were divided into four groups…

Laghi, Fiorenzo; D'Alessio, Maria; Pallini, Susanna; Baiocco, Roberto

2009-01-01

339

Developing Sensorimotor Associations Through Attachment Bonds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment bonds and positive aect help cognitive development and social interactions in infants and animals. In this paper we present a neural architecture to enable a robot to develop an attachment bond with a person or an object, and to discover the correct sen- sorimotor associations to maintain a desired aective state of well-being using a minimum amount of prior

Antoine Hiolle; Lola Canamero

2007-01-01

340

Attachment in families with Huntington's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveBased on the premise that attachment experiences lead to a working model for social relationships throughout life, this study investigates if there is a difference between adult attachment representations in individuals who were brought up by a parent with Huntington's disease (HD), compared to a non-clinical population. Specific events in the parents’ disease process, especially those leading to trauma and

Lucienne Van der Meer; Reinier Timman; Wim Trijsburg; Marleen Duisterhof; Ruud Erdman; Thérèse Van Elderen; Aad Tibben

2006-01-01

341

Adult Attachment, Culturally Adjusted Attachment, and Interpersonal Difficulties of Taiwanese Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the applicability of Western adult attachment perspectives to interpersonal difficulties experienced by individuals with indigenous Chinese cultural backgrounds. A total of 275 Taiwanese university students completed self-report surveys of adult attachment, ideal attachment, and interpersonal problems. Culturally adjusted…

Wang, Chia-Chih DC; Scalise, Dominick A.

2010-01-01

342

Attachment, attention, and cognitive control: Attachment style and performance on general attention tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies examined the effects of attachment style on performance in non-attachment-related attention tasks; one study also assessed the effect of priming memories of experiences of attachment security or insecurity on attentional performance in a flanker task. In Study 1, participants performed a psychological refractory period (PRP) task assessing their ability to switch attention rapidly from one decision to another;

Omri Gillath; Barry Giesbrecht; Phillip R. Shaver

2009-01-01

343

Attachment and Autism: Parental Attachment Representations and Relational Behaviors in the Parent-Child Dyad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While attachment research has demonstrated that parents' internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted to their children, affecting children's developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with…

Seskin, Lynn; Feliciano, Eileen; Tippy, Gil; Yedloutschnig, Ruby; Sossin, K. Mark; Yasik, Anastasia

2010-01-01

344

The Adult Attachment Interview and Self-Reports of Attachment Style: An Empirical Rapprochement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although 10 studies have been published on the empirical overlap of the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and measures of self-reported attachment style, results in this literature have been inconsistently interpreted in narrative reviews. This report was designed as a rapprochement of the AAI and attachment style literatures and includes 3 studies. Study 1 (combined N = 961) is a meta-analytic

Glenn I. Roisman; Ashley Holland; Keren Fortuna; R. Chris Fraley; Eric Clausell; Alexis Clarke

2007-01-01

345

Adult Attachment as a Risk Factor for Intimate Partner Violence : The "Mispairing" of Partners' Attachment Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relationship between intimate partner violence and adult attachment in a sample of 70 couples. The attachment style of each partner and the interaction of the partners' attachment styles were examined as predictors of intimate partner violence. Additional analyses were conducted to examine violence reciprocity and to…

Doumas, Diana M.; Pearson, Christine L.; Elgin, Jenna E.; McKinley, Lisa L.

2008-01-01

346

Attachment and Autism: Parental Attachment Representations and Relational Behaviors in the Parent-Child Dyad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While attachment research has demonstrated that parents' internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted to their children, affecting children's developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with…

Seskin, Lynn; Feliciano, Eileen; Tippy, Gil; Yedloutschnig, Ruby; Sossin, K. Mark; Yasik, Anastasia

2010-01-01

347

Performance Evaluation of Pipeline Paging under Paging Delay Constraint for Wireless Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a simple pipeline paging (PP) scheme, in which multiple paging requests (PRs) can be served in a pipeline manner in different paging areas. We analytically model the blanket paging (BP) scheme, the sequential paging (SP) scheme, and the PIP scheme so that discovery rate, total delay, paging delay, and cost are derived analytically as functions

Yang Xiao; Hui Chen; Mohsen Guizani

2006-01-01

348

Using attachment theory to understand illness behavior.  

PubMed

This article examines a model of illness as a stressor that activates an individual's characteristic attachment behaviors. These behaviors are the result of the attachment system, a mammalian trait that exists in order to maximize the odds of survival of an infant born without the necessary maturation for immediate independence. Attachment concepts, such as attachment style, coherence, and reflective functioning, are briefly explained, followed by examples of their application to the psychological management of patients with medical or surgical illness. Attachment theory provides a unique, simple, and pragmatically useful model for understanding the particular ways that individuals can feel and react when stressed by illness, and how the professional may help manage that distress. PMID:11543843

Hunter, J J; Maunder, R G

349

Sleep and Attachment in Preterm Infants.  

PubMed

Infants born preterm are at elevated risk for social emotional difficulties. However, factors contributing to this risk are largely understudied. Within the present study, we explored infant sleep as a biosocial factor that may play a role in infant social emotional development. Within a prospective longitudinal design, we examined parent-reported sleep patterns and observed parenting quality as predictors of infant-mother attachment in 171 infants born preterm. Using structural equation modeling, we examined main effect and moderator models linking infant sleep patterns and parenting with attachment security. Sleep patterns characterized by more daytime sleep and positive/responsive parenting predicted infant attachment security. Parent-reported nighttime sleep patterns were unrelated to attachment in this sample of infants born preterm. These results indicate that daytime sleep and parenting quality may be important for emerging attachment relationships in infants born preterm. PMID:23482430

Schwichtenberg, A J; Shah, Prachi E; Poehlmann, Julie

2013-01-01

350

Attachment to spextrophotometers for measuring scattering patterns  

SciTech Connect

The authors have developed a simple attachment to the Shimadsu MPS 50L spectrophotometer for measuring scattering patterns. The attachment is mounted directly at the cuvette section of the spectrophotometer. The radiation detector of the attachment is formed by an FR1-4 photoresistor disposed on the vertical section of a gamma-shaped bar adapted to be inclined by plus or minus 90 degrees with respect to the direction of the radiation beam. When the attachment is used, its radiation detector is connected into the measuring circuit of the spectrophotometer in place of the spectrophotometer's detector. When the spectrophotometer alone is used the detector of the attachment is moved out of the beam and the detector of the spectrophotometer proper is inserted into the measuring circuit.

Fsel'son, M.P.; Krikum, A.Z.; Sivyakov, Y.A.; Spivak, R.Y.

1986-02-01

351

Attached gingiva: histology and surgical augmentation.  

PubMed

The keratinized attached gingiva provides the periodontium with increased resistance to external injury, contributes to the stabilization of the gingival margin, and aids in dissipating physiological forces exerted by the muscular fibers of the alveolar mucosa on the gingival tissues. Increasing attached gingiva should be strongly considered in cases where the patient's plaque control is compromised. The apically positioned flap, free gingival graft, and subepithelial connective tissue graft are the most common surgical procedures used for augmenting the zone of attached gingiva effectively and predictably. The newly obtained keratinized gingiva can be maintained for a long period; in addition, these periodontal procedures halt the progression of gingival recession and could lead to gaining more keratinized gingiva from creeping attachment after the surgery. This article reviews the biology of attached gingiva and presents cases related to the functional role of periodontal plastic surgery. PMID:19903619

Oh, Se-Lim

352

The Mississippi Writers Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The "Magnolia state" has been home to more than its share of fine writers, including William Faulkner, Tennessee Williams, Eudora Welty, and Richard Wright, to name just a few. Created and maintained by the University of Mississippi, this Website offers Webpages for over 60 of these Mississippi scribes. Each page provides a well-written summary of the author's career, a list of the author's work, a secondary bibliography replete with numerous links to posted articles and interviews, and links to other Internet resources (Websites devoted to the author, e-texts of the author's works, and publisher Websites). The site also boasts a Mississippi Writers Timeline that covers 400 years of births, deaths, publications, awards, and other events in the literary history of the territory we now know as Mississippi. Listings of Mississippi-based journals and publishers are posted as well. All in all, an excellent site for anyone doing research or just wanting to learn more about the writers from this state.

353

The Universal Black Pages (UBP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Universal Black Pages, created and developed through the efforts of members of the Black Graduate Students Association at Georgia Tech University, is a comprehensive page of pointers to subjects related to "the African Diaspora." Included are sections on upcoming events, African American as well as other African Diaspora businesses, Black school and student organizations in Africa and the Americas, Diaspora country pages from the Abayudaya Jews of Uganda to Zimbabwe, the arts, entertainment, music, professional organizations, and engineering, science, and technology, among others. The hundreds of pointers make this site one of the most comprehensive listings of African American and international Black productions and resources.

1996-01-01

354

Cake Batter Lava: Teacher Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the Teacher Page of an activity that teaches students about some of the geological processes and structures that form as lava flows across planetary landscapes by using cake batter as an analog for lava. This page has background information on surface lava flows (with an emphasis on aa lava), preparation and in-class instructions, wrap-up questions for the teacher to ask, a picture of the experimental setup, and six extension activities/questions. The procedures and batter preparation for this activity can be found on the Student Page. This activity is part of Exploring Planets in the Classroom's Volcanology section.

355

Association between the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and adult unresolved attachment.  

PubMed

Research on antecedents of organized attachment has focused on the quality of caregiving received during childhood. In recent years, research has begun to examine the influence of genetic factors on quality of infant attachment. However, no published studies report on the association between specific genetic factors and adult attachment. This study examined the link between the 5-HTTLPR promoter polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene and adult unresolved attachment assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview. Genetic material and information on attachment-related loss or trauma were available for 86 participants. Multivariate regression analyses showed an association between the short 5-HTTLPR allele and increased risk for unresolved attachment. Temperament traits and psychological symptoms did not affect the association between 5-HTTLPR and unresolved attachment. The authors hypothesize that the increased susceptibility to unresolved attachment among carriers of the short allele of 5-HTTLPR is consistent with the role of serotonin in modulation of frontal-amygdala circuitry. The findings challenge current thinking by demonstrating significant genetic influences on a phenomenon previously thought to be largely environmentally driven. PMID:19209991

Caspers, Kristin M; Paradiso, Sergio; Yucuis, Rebecca; Troutman, Beth; Arndt, Stephan; Philibert, Robert

2009-01-01

356

Association between the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and adult unresolved attachment  

PubMed Central

Research on antecedents of organized attachment has focused on the quality of caregiving received during childhood. In recent years, research has begun to examine the influence of genetic factors on quality of infant attachment. However, no published studies report on the association between specific genetic factors and adult attachment. This study examined the link between the 5-HTTLPR promoter polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene and adult unresolved attachment assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview. Genetic material and information on attachment-related loss or trauma were available for 86 participants. Multivariate regression analyses showed an association between the short 5-HTTLPR allele and increased risk for unresolved attachment. Temperament traits and psychological symptoms did not affect the association between 5-HTTLPR and unresolved attachment. The authors hypothesize that the increased susceptibility to unresolved attachment among carriers of the short allele of 5-HTTLPR is consistent with the role of serotonin in modulation of frontal–amygdala circuitry. The findings challenge current thinking by demonstrating significant genetic influences on a phenomenon previously thought to be largely environmentally driven.

Caspers, Kristin M; Paradiso, Sergio; Yucuis, Rebecca; Troutman, Beth; Arndt, Stephan; Philibert, Robert

2013-01-01

357

Factors Affecting Attachment in International Adoptees at 6 Months Post Adoption  

PubMed Central

This pilot study examined the effect of five child and maternal factors on the attachment security of international adoptees at six months post adoption. Results from the sample of 22 adoptive mother-infant dyads showed that age at adoption, developmental status, length and quality of preadoption care, and maternal attachment representations were not significant predictors of child attachment status. The number of preadoption placements and the child's stress level did significantly predict attachment status, accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in attachment security. Number of preadoption placements uniquely contributed 14% of that variance (p=.007) while stress level uniquely contributed 12% (p=.01). Children who had fewer preadoption placements had higher attachment security; similarly, children who had lower stress levels had higher attachment security. Results suggest that consistency of preadoption care was more important than its length or quality. Further, the relationship between stress level and attachment security raises the possibility that a lower stress level functions as a protective factor for the developing attachment with the adoptive mother.

Weiss, Sandra

2011-01-01

358

Page 1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Page 1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA + + + + + DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES + + + + + ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

359

Dismissive attachment and posttraumatic stress disorder among securely and insecurely attached Belgian security workers.  

PubMed

This study examined Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in relation to secure and insecure attachment styles based on data collected in a sample of 81 Belgian security workers. All had experienced one traumatic event in the previous year. The sample was divided into a securely attached and an insecurely attached group. The three PTSD symptom scales, Re-experiencing, Avoidance, and Hyperarousal, differentiated significantly between the two attachment groups; the dismissive attachment style was negatively related to PTSD. Individuals with a positive view of themselves and a negative view of others have less risk of developing PTSD than those with a fearful or preoccupied attachment style. A relationship between the dismissive attachment style with grandiose narcissism seems possible. Interest has been expressed in medical approaches; therefore, the importance of medical research on PTSD is emphasized. PMID:20099552

Bogaerts, Stefan; Kunst, Maarten J J; Winkel, Frans W

2009-12-01

360

JAMA Patient Page: Aortic Aneurysms  

MedlinePLUS

... of the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Aortic Aneurysms T he aorta is the body’s largest artery ... wall that may stretch and bulge outwards. An aortic aneurysm is a stretched and bulging section in the ...

361

JAMA Patient Page: Lung Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... of the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Lung Cancer L ung cancer is the leading cause of ... CT) screening for lung cancer. RISK FACTORS FOR LUNG CANCER FOR MORE INFORMATION • American Cancer Society www.cancer. ...

362

JAMA Patient Page: Bed Bugs  

MedlinePLUS

... of the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Bed Bugs B ed bugs, Cimex lectularius , have been around ... which thrives in temperate and tropical regions worldwide. Bed bugs are exclusively hematophagous (they feed only on blood). ...

363

JAMA Patient Page: Brain Death  

MedlinePLUS

... the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Brain Death A person dies when brain function ceases, the ... techniques that can maintain some bodily functions. Brain death, as understood in US law and medical practice, ...

364

JAMA Patient Page: Myocardial Infarction  

MedlinePLUS

... of the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Myocardial Infarction M yocardial infarction , also known as a heart attack, can strike without warning. A myocardial infarction occurs when blood supply to a part of ...

365

JAMA Patient Page: Cystic Fibrosis  

MedlinePLUS

... the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Cystic Fibrosis C ystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic (inherited) disease that affects ... the CF gene, that child will develop cystic fibrosis and can also pass the CF gene on ...

366

JAMA Patient Page: Periodontal Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... into the gum tissue itself. FOR MORE INFORMATION American Dental Association http://www.ada.org National Institute of Dental ... Sources: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, American Dental Association, American Heart Association The JAMA Patient Page is ...

367

JAMA Patient Page: Achilles Tendinopathy  

MedlinePLUS

... the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Achilles Tendinopathy A tendon is a tough band of tissue ... come to mean a person’s principal weakness. Achilles tendinopathy is a common overuse injury, accounting for 11% ...

368

JAMA Patient Page: Pulmonary Hypertension  

MedlinePLUS

... the American Medical Association JAMA PATIENT PAGE Pulmonary Hypertension T he pulmonary artery is the main vessel ... mercury (mm Hg). In an individual with pulmonary hypertension , the average pressure in the pulmonary artery can ...

369

Selective Paging and Intercommunication System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present invention relates generally to a multiple transceiver paging and intercommunication system, and more particularly, to a battery operated multiple transceiver pager and intercommunication system wherein battery power consumption is minimized by...

W. Shiffbauer R. A. Watson

1980-01-01

370

GORP: Great Outdoor Recreation Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GORP Snow Sports, provided by Greer Consulting Services, is a meta-site devoted to briefly annotated pointers to snow sporting related pages. At its heart are regional pointers pages to information on nordic and alpine skiing. These guides concentrate mostly on the US and Canada, but there is also some European, South American, and Australian and New Zealand information. In addition, there is a small guide to snowmobiling, snowboarding, and dog sledding.

371

The TOPEX/ Poseidon Kids Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an effort to disseminate information from the TOPEX/ Poseidon satellite project, the Center for Space Research and the Texas Space Grant Consortium have developed the TOPEX/ Poseidon Kids Page. This online activity for younger students explains through simple descriptions and fun illustrations how the satellite measures the height of the ocean. Additional pages include an online quiz, a downloadable coloring book, an Ask a Scientist section, and other relevant facts and information.

1969-12-31

372

[Differences in attachment and personality in children from child guidance centers, child psychiatry units, and control families].  

PubMed

Insecure attachment and deficits in self-regulation as personality traits are risk factors for the development of psychopathological symptoms from infancy on. This study examines differences in attachment and personality in late childhood, comparing children from non-clinical families, from a child guidance center, and child psychiatry units with in-patient care. Children's attachment representations, their attachment behavior strategy, reported distressing parental behavior, their emotional openness, and attachment coherency were assessed with the Late Childhood Attachment Interview (LCAI). Ego-resiliency, ego-undercontrol, field-independence, aggressiveness, and anxiety were assessed by means of the California Child Q-Sort. The results show clear attachment differences, with the child guidance group showing more attachment insecurity in the LCAI compared to the control group, and the psychiatric in-patient group even more attachment insecurity, more distressing parenting from both mother and father, and more attachment disorganization than the other two groups. Whereas children from the child guidance center and the child psychiatry unit did not differ in personality, both groups were significantly different from the control group in all personality dimensions. The results suggest that personality differences may be a risk factor for behaviour problems, however problem severity and the choice of the treatment institution seem to be influenced by attachment security. PMID:23596902

Zimmermann, Peter; Scheuerer-Englisch, Hermann

2013-01-01

373

Attachment and Trauma in Early Childhood: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment relationships are critical to a young child's optimal development. Both the presence and quality of attachment matter. Experiences of trauma can affect caregiver\\/child attachment relationships in a variety of ways. This article explores possible associations among trauma and the presence and quality of attachment relationships between young children and their caregivers. The nature of attachment, phases in the development

Angela S. Breidenstine; Letia O. Bailey; Charles H. Zeanah; Julie A. Larrieu

2011-01-01

374

ATTACHMENT DISORGANIZATION IN INFANCY: RELATION TO PSYCHOANALYTIC UNDERSTANDING OF DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a brief overview of attachment theory in order to describe the genesis of attachment disorganization. All infants develop an attachment style as an adaptive response to their caregiver's behaviour, and the overall pattern may be secure or insecure. However, the coherence of any of these infant attachment patterns can break down resulting in attachment disorganization. This paper

Scott Ferris; Gill McGauley; Patricia Hughes

2004-01-01

375

Quantifying the attachment strength of climbing plants: A new approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to grow vertically, it is essential for climbing plants to firmly attach to their supporting structures. In climbing plants, different strategies for permanent attachment can be distinguished. Besides twining stems and tendrils, many plants use attachment pads or attachment roots for this purpose. Using a novel custom-built tensile testing setup, the mechanical properties of different permanent attachment structures

Tina Steinbrecher; Elisabeth Danninger; Deane Harder; Thomas Speck; Oliver Kraft; Ruth Schwaiger

2010-01-01

376

Correlates of Self-reported Attachment (In)security in Children: The Role of Parental Romantic Attachment Status and Rearing Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the influence of self-reported parental romantic attachment status and rearing behaviors on children’s self-reported\\u000a attachment (in)security towards father and mother in a sample of 237 non-clinical children aged 9–12. All children and their\\u000a parents completed a single-item measure of attachment style. The parents further completed an index of their authoritative,\\u000a authoritarian, and permissive rearing behaviors. Results showed that

Jeffrey Roelofs; Cor Meesters; Peter Muris

2008-01-01

377

Attached-sunspace designs: a nationwide economic appraisal  

SciTech Connect

Performance estimates for attached-sunspace passive solar heated residences have recently been incorporated into the Los Alamos/UNM EASE III model. These estimates are used to analyze the economic performance of a fixed dimension sunspace design when attached to a pre-existing single family residential unit. The sunspace is a passive design which can be easily and effectively adapted to a retrofit situation. Several key parameters are carefully evaluated for the sunspace retrofit design. These include loan or mortgage terms, ownership period, resale potential and competing conventional fuel prices. General economic and design parameters are combined in a variant of life cycle costing to evaluate the feasibility of both owner-built and contractor-built attached sunspaces for 220 regions in the contiguous United States. This evaluation is made for two conventional fuel types - natural gas and electric resistance - and for three resale values - 0%, 100%, and 200%. Results show that the prospect for conventional fuel displacement through retrofit of attached sunspaces is very good with the design's economic performance enhanced in regions with expensive conventional fuel alternatives.

Roach, F.; Kirschner, C.

1980-01-01

378

Fibrous tissue ingrowth and attachment to porous tantalum.  

PubMed

This study determined the soft tissue attachment strength and extent of ingrowth to a porous tantalum biomaterial. Eight dorsal subcutaneous implants (in two dogs) were evaluated at 4, 8, and 16 weeks. Upon retrieval, all implants were surrounded completely by adherent soft tissue. Implants were harvested with a tissue flap on the cutaneous aspect and peel tested in a servo-hydraulic tensile test machine at a rate of 5 mm/min. Following testing, implants were dehydrated in a solution of basic fuschin, defatted, embedded in methylmethacrylate, and processed for thin-section histology. At 4, 8, and 16 weeks, the attachment strength to porous tantalum was 61, 71, and 89 g/mm respectively. Histologic analysis showed complete tissue ingrowth throughout the porous tantalum implant. Blood vessels were visible at the interface of and within the porous tantalum material. Tissue maturity and vascularity increased with time. The tissue attachment strength to porous tantalum was three- to six-fold greater than was reported in a similar study with porous beads. This study demonstrated that porous tantalum permits rapid ingrowth of vascularized soft tissue, and attains soft tissue attachment strengths greater than with porous beads. PMID:11033545

Hacking, S A; Bobyn, J D; Toh, K; Tanzer, M; Krygier, J J

2000-12-15

379

Fibronectin coating of oxygenator membranes enhances endothelial cell attachment  

PubMed Central

Background Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can replace the lungs’ gas exchange capacity in refractory lung failure. However, its limited hemocompatibility, the activation of the coagulation and complement system as well as plasma leakage and protein deposition hamper mid- to long-term use and have constrained the development of an implantable lung assist device. In a tissue engineering approach, lining the blood contact surfaces of the ECMO device with endothelial cells might overcome these limitations. As a first step towards this aim, we hypothesized that coating the oxygenator’s gas exchange membrane with proteins might positively influence the attachment and proliferation of arterial endothelial cells. Methods Sheets of polypropylene (PP), polyoxymethylpentene (TPX) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), typical material used for oxygenator gas exchange membranes, were coated with collagen, fibrinogen, gelatin or fibronectin. Tissue culture treated well plates served as controls. Endothelial cell attachment and proliferation were analyzed for a period of 4 days by microscopic examination and computer assisted cell counting. Results Endothelial cell seeding efficiency is within range of tissue culture treated controls for fibronectin treated surfaces only. Uncoated membranes as well as all other coatings lead to lower cell attachment. A confluent endothelial cell layer develops on fibronectin coated PDMS and the control surface only. Conclusions Fibronectin increases endothelial cells’ seeding efficiency on different oxygenator membrane material. PDMS coated with fibronectin shows sustained cell attachment for a period of four days in static culture conditions.

2013-01-01

380

[Affective facial behavior of patients with anxiety disorders during the adult attachment interview: a pilot study].  

PubMed

In this study we examined for the first time the difference between patients with an anxiety disorder and healthy controls in their attachment representation and facial affective behavior during the activation of the attachment system. 13 female patients und 14 healthy women were administered with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). Facial affective behavior during 6 selected questions of the AAI was coded using the Emotional-Facial-Action-Coding-System (EMFACS). As expected patients with an anxiety disorder, especially panic disorders, were classified significantly more often as insecure-preoccupied with a high proportion of unresolved loss. Against our assumption anxiety patients, independent of their attachment category, did not differ in their facial affective behavior from the control group. A group comparison taking into account diagnosis and attachment status showed that duchenne smile (happiness) was significantly predominant in control subjects classified as secure. Attachment security in healthy subjects, characterized by an overall valuing of positive or negative attachment experiences and coherent discourse in the AAI, was associated with positive facial affectivity. In contrast insecure anxiety patients could be characterized by showing social smile when talking e. g. about former separation experiences from their attachment figures mostly in an incoherent manner. This could be interpreted as a self-regulating defense. Limitations of the study are the small sample size and the heterogeneous clinical group of anxiety disorders. PMID:17377891

Buchheim, Anna; Benecke, Cord

2007-03-22

381

Asia: Showing the Changing Seasons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SeaWiFS false color data showing seasonal change in the oceans and on land for Asia. The data is seasonally averaged, and shows the sequence: fall, winter, spring, summer, fall, winter, spring (for the Northern Hemisphere).

Allen, Jesse; Newcombe, Marte; Feldman, Gene

1998-09-09

382

Students’ Group and Member Attachment to Their University: A Construct Validity Study of the University Attachment Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the psychometric properties of scores from the University Attachment Scale, a measure that operationalizes group and member attachment as two separate dimensions of attachment to a university. A two-factor model was championed over a one-factor model providing evidence of a distinction between university attachment and member attachment. Relationships with external criteria provided further support for this distinction

Megan K. France; Sara J. Finney; Peter Swerdzewski

2010-01-01

383

28. MAP SHOWING LOCATION OF ARVFS FACILITY AS BUILT. SHOWS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. MAP SHOWING LOCATION OF ARVFS FACILITY AS BUILT. SHOWS LINCOLN BOULEVARD, BIG LOST RIVER, AND NAVAL REACTORS FACILITY. F.C. TORKELSON DRAWING NUMBER 842-ARVFS-101-2. DATED OCTOBER 12, 1965. INEL INDEX CODE NUMBER: 075 0101 851 151969. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Advanced Reentry Vehicle Fusing System, Scoville, Butte County, ID

384

Modified transmitter attachment method for adult ducks  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The value of radio telemetry for waterfowl research depends on the availability of suitable methods of attaching transmitters. In previous studies, external transmitters attached to adult Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) with sutures and glue did not stay on birds reliably. In an attempt to improve transmitter retention, a method of attachment was tested in which 4-g transmitters were attached mid-dorsally with sutures and with a stainless steel anchor-shaped wire inserted subcutaneously (anchor transmitters). Field tests indicated that all of 26 female Mallards and 63 of 65 female Gadwalls (Anas strepera) retained their anchor transmitters during 4369 bird-days of monitoring during nesting and brood rearing. Survival rates of females with anchor transmitters compared favorably with those reported from other studies. In this study, females with and without anchor transmitters did not differ with respect to survival rates of their ducklings. The anchor transmitter may be suitable for a variety of field studies on numerous species.

Pietz, P. J.; Brandt, D. A.; Krapu, G. L.; Buhl, D. A.

1995-01-01

385

Chem-Braze Abradable Seal Attachment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An improved Chem-Braze bonding system for attaching sintered abradable seals to compressor blade tip-shrouds was developed. The improved Chem-Braze system incorporates glycerin as an inhibitor to prevent premature evaporation which prolongs working life a...

C. C. McComas S. T. Narsavage H. W. Pettit

1980-01-01

386

21 CFR 872.3165 - Precision attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3165 Precision attachment. (a) Identification...greater gold and metals of the platinum group intended for use in prosthetic dentistry in conjunction with removable partial...

2013-04-01

387

Purification and cell attachment activity of a D-galactose-binding lectin from the skin of sea hare, Aplysia kurodai.  

PubMed

A D-galactose-binding lectin which does not require Ca2+ or reducing reagents to induce activity was purified from skin of sea hare, Aplysia kurodai, by affinity chromatography. Skin lectin was confirmed to be a disulfide-bonded heteromultimer with molecular mass of 200 kDa, consisting of 28 kDa and 26 kDa subunits by SDS-PAGE and two-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Human rhabdomyosarcoma cells attached to and spread on plastic plates coated with lectin. Cell adhesion induced by lectin was completely inhibited by the addition of lactose. PMID:9739463

Ozeki, Y

1998-08-01

388

Feature Extraction of Separation and Attachment Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Separation and attachment lines are topologically significant curves that exist on 2D surfaces in 3D vector fields. Two algorithms are presented, one point-based and one element-based, that extract separation and attachment lines using eigenvalue analysis of a locally linear function. Unlike prior techniques based on piecewise numerical integration, these algorithms use robust analytical tests that can be applied independently to

David N. Kenwright; Chris Henze; Creon Levit

1999-01-01

389

Retrofitting implant overdenture attachments: a clinical report.  

PubMed

The remake of implant-overdenture prostheses on preexisting implants can present the clinician with a challenge, especially when the prosthetic components used initially cannot be replaced. The difficulty of remaking the prosthesis may be further increased by implant attachments designed to be cemented to the implant itself--a feature that complicates future replacement. This clinical report describes the restoration of worn implant attachments using retrofit components. PMID:12964687

Simon, Harel

2003-06-01

390

Attachment of Bacteroides gingivalis to Collagenous Substrata  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability of Bacteroides gingivalis 381 to attach to hydroxyapatite (HA) beads, treated with either human type I or type IV collagen, or to particles of bovine bone collagen was studied. All preparations were blocked with human albumin prior to being incubated with 3H-thymidine-labeled B. gingivalis 381 cells. The presence of collagen on HA surfaces (C-HA) significantly promoted attachment of

Y. Naito; R. J. Gibbons

1988-01-01

391

Agrobacterium-Host Attachment and Biofilm Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical association with host plant tissue is a prerequisite to Agrobacterium tumefaciens infection and subsequent disease. Mechanisms of tissue adherence have been extensively studied in mammalian pathogens, but\\u000a less so in plant-associated bacteria. Cells of A. tumefaciens often attach to plant tissue by a single pole. In the appropriate environment, these attached bacteria eventually develop\\u000a into multicellular assemblies called biofilms,

Clay Fuqua

392

Adult attachment and working models of emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Self-Confrontation Method (SCM; Hermans & Hermans-Jansen, 1995) was used to examine the relationship between emotional experience and attachment style in a college student sample (N?=?143). Securely attached participants were found to be significantly higher in positive affective experiences while fearful participants reported significantly less positive affect. Secure and dismissing participants reported significantly more affect directed toward self-enhancement than fearful

Darlys J. Alford; William J. Lyddon; Roxanne Schreiber

2006-01-01

393

Priming Prepositional-Phrase Attachment During Comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strong evidence suggests that prior syntactic context affects language production (e.g., J. K. Bock, 1986). The authors report 4 experiments that used an expression-picture matching task to investigate whether it also affects ambiguity resolution in comprehension. All experiments examined the interpretation of prepositional phrases that were ambiguous between high and low attachment. After reading a prime expression with a high-attached

Holly P. Branigan; Martin J. Pickering; Janet F. McLean

2005-01-01

394

Filesystems for Network-Attached Secure Disks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Network-attached storage enables network-striped data transfers directly between client and storage to pro- vide clients with scalable bandwidth on large transfers. Network-attached storage also decouples policy and enforcement of access control, avoiding unnecessary reverification of protection checks, reducing file manager work and increasing scalability. It eliminates the expense of a server computer devoted to copying data between peripheral network and

Garth A. Gibson; David F. Nagle; Khalil Amiri; Fay W. Chang; Howard Gobioff; Erik Riedel; David Rochberg; Jim Zelenka

1997-01-01

395

Dissociative electron attachment to C2F5 radicals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dissociative electron attachment to the reactive C2F5 molecular radical has been investigated with two complimentary experimental methods; a single collision beam experiment and a new flowing afterglow Langmuir probe technique. The beam results show that F- is formed close to zero electron energy in dissociative electron attachment to C2F5. The afterglow measurements also show that F- is formed in collisions between electrons and C2F5 molecules with rate constants of 3.7 × 10-9 cm3 s-1 to 4.7 × 10-9 cm3 s-1 at temperatures of 300-600 K. The rate constant increases slowly with increasing temperature, but the rise observed is smaller than the experimental uncertainty of 35%.

Haughey, Sean A.; Field, Thomas A.; Langer, Judith; Shuman, Nicholas S.; Miller, Thomas M.; Friedman, Jeffrey F.; Viggiano, A. A.

2012-08-01

396

Dissociative electron attachment to C2F5 radicals.  

PubMed

Dissociative electron attachment to the reactive C(2)F(5) molecular radical has been investigated with two complimentary experimental methods; a single collision beam experiment and a new flowing afterglow Langmuir probe technique. The beam results show that F(-) is formed close to zero electron energy in dissociative electron attachment to C(2)F(5). The afterglow measurements also show that F(-) is formed in collisions between electrons and C(2)F(5) molecules with rate constants of 3.7 × 10(-9) cm(3) s(-1) to 4.7 × 10(-9) cm(3) s(-1) at temperatures of 300-600 K. The rate constant increases slowly with increasing temperature, but the rise observed is smaller than the experimental uncertainty of 35%. PMID:22894351

Haughey, Sean A; Field, Thomas A; Langer, Judith; Shuman, Nicholas S; Miller, Thomas M; Friedman, Jeffrey F; Viggiano, A A

2012-08-01

397

Influence of nanophase titania topography on bacterial attachment and metabolism  

PubMed Central

Surfaces with nanophase compared to conventional (or nanometer smooth) topographies are known to have different properties of area, charge, and reactivity. Previously published research indicates that the attachment of certain bacteria (such as Pseudomonas fluorescens 5RL) is higher on surfaces with nanophase compared to conventional topographies, however, their effect on bacterial metabolism is unclear. Results presented here show that the adhesion of Pseudomonas fluorescens 5RL and Pseudomonas putida TVA8 was higher on nanophase than conventional titania. Importantly, in terms of metabolism, bacteria attached to the nanophase surfaces had higher bioluminescence rates than on the conventional surfaces under all nutrient conditions. Thus, the results from this study show greater select bacterial metabolism on nanometer than conventional topographies, critical results with strong consequences for the design of improved biosensors for bacteria detection.

Park, Margaret R; Banks, Michelle K; Applegate, Bruce; Webster, Thomas J

2008-01-01

398

Sharing the Love: Prebirth Adult Attachment Status and Coparenting Adjustment During Early Infancy  

PubMed Central

SYNOPSIS Objective The purpose of this study to consider whether attachment security in mothers and fathers promotes more successful early coparenting adjustment, to assess the role of marital quality in amplifying or diminishing any such effects, and to examine interactive effects of maternal and paternal attachment status on coparenting. Design Eighty-five couples transitioning to new parenthood completed Main and Goldwyn’s Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and a multimethod marital evaluation during the pregnancy’s third trimester and participated in comprehensive assessments of coparenting conflict and cohesion at 3 months postpartum. Results Maternal Insecure attachment status predicted higher levels of coparental conflict, as did father Secure status. Families with Insecure fathers exhibited lower coparental cohesion on the whole. Maternal attachment status moderated the relation between paternal attachment status and cohesion, with Insecure father/Secure mother dyads exhibiting the lowest levels of cohesion, and Secure/Secure dyads showing the highest levels. Prenatal marital quality predicted 3-month coparenting cohesion, but not conflict. Prenatal marital quality did not interact with parental attachment status in the prediction of coparenting, but relations between parents’ attachment status and coparenting maintained after controlling for marital quality. Conclusion Prenatally assessed attachment status in both mothers and fathers predicts dimensions of coparenting early in the family life cycle. The impact of attachment status differs in important ways as a function of parent gender, and security in some cases exacerbated rather than buffered the negative impact of partner insecurity on coparental functioning. Effects of parental attachment security on coparenting cannot be properly estimated without reference to contextual factors.

Talbot, Jean A.; Baker, Jason K.; McHale, James P.

2009-01-01

399

Barnacle bonding: morphology of attachment of Xenobalanus globicipitis to its host Tursiops truncatus.  

PubMed

Xenobalanus globicipitis, a unique type of small pseudo-stalked barnacle occurs on the appendages of cetaceans, including the common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus. In this study, we examined attachment structures of X. globicipitis and modifications to the skin of T. truncatus in areas of attachment compared to skin nearby an attachment site. Barnacles and their six calcareous footplates were measured for their length and width. There was a positive correlation of barnacle width and length to footplate width and length. The thickness of the stratum corneum increased significantly in areas of attachment compared to skin nearby a footplate. The mitotic stratum germinativum at the base of the dermal papillae did not change significantly in areas of attachment compared to skin nearby a footplate. The stratum germinativum lining the lateral walls of the dermal papillae was significantly thicker in areas of skin nearby a footplate compared to in areas of attachment. Skin of T. truncatus nearby a footplate, displayed dermal papillae extending from the dermis and pointing roughly perpendicular to the epidermal stratum corneum. At sites of X. globicipitis attachment, the dermal papillae were forced to extend laterally, parallel to the stratum corneum, and the dermal papillae length to width ratio at an attachment site was significantly higher than on skin near an attachment site. Our results show that attachment of X. globicipitis through production of footplates organized into calcareous rings, leads to a thickened stratum corneum of the epidermis, a thinner lateral mitotic stratum germinativum and displaced structures of the upper dermis. These resulting modifications to the epidermis and dermis of the host may add to securing barnacle attachment to its host. PMID:22253021

Pugliese, Mark C; Böttger, Stefanie Anne; Fish, Frank E

2012-01-18

400

Stabilization of Enzymes by the Attachment to Soluble Polymers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Researchers attempted to develop procedures for the stabilization of enzymes by attachment to soluble polymers and to differentiate the effects of multi-point attachment from those of chemical modification alone. This was done by attaching to two model en...

J. D. Rozzell

1985-01-01

401

Perinatal Loss: The Effect on Attachment in Subsequent Pregnancies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of perinatal loss on attachment behaviors in subsequent pregnancies. A modified version of Cranley's Maternal-Fetal Attachment Tool was utilized to measure the difference in attachment, during subsequent ...

F. Cruz

1989-01-01

402

7 CFR 1942.349 - Forms, guides, and attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Forms, guides, and attachments. 1942.349 Section 1942...Television Demonstration Grants § 1942.349 Forms, guides, and attachments. Guides 1 and 2 of this subpart, Attachment 1 and...

2012-01-01

403

Attachment of enteric viruses to bottles.  

PubMed

Storage of water that was deliberately contaminated with enteric viruses in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles led to a rapid decrease of the apparent viral load, thereby hampering the development of samples for a collaborative evaluation of viral detection methods for bottled water. To determine if this decrease was due to spontaneous inactivation or to adhesion, an elution protocol was developed and combined with a rapid and sensitive real-time reverse transcription-PCR-based method to quantify adsorbed norovirus (NV), hepatitis A virus (HAV), and rotavirus (RV) on bottle walls. The NV retention on PET bottle walls after 20 and 62 days reached an average level of 85% and 95% of the recovered inoculum, respectively. HAV and RV also showed adsorption onto PET bottles, reaching 90% and 80%, respectively, after 20 days of storage. NV and RV attachment was demonstrated to be dependent on the presence of autochthonous flora, whereas HAV adsorption was independent of it. Application of the elution and viral detection protocol to 294 commercially available water bottles obtained from 25 different countries did not give any positive result, thereby providing further evidence that the sources used for this product are free from enteric viruses and support for the theory that bottled water is not a vehicle for viral diseases. PMID:17586668

Butot, S; Putallaz, T; Croquet, C; Lamothe, G; Meyer, R; Joosten, H; Sánchez, G

2007-06-22

404

Dissociative Electron Attachment to C2HCl  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies of dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to acetylene have shown a dramatic effect as a function of bending the molecule. We have begun an investigation of such multidimensional effect on mono-chloro substitute of hydrocarbons. This work concentrates on chloroacetylene. We study the system in limited dimensionality (i.e. as a diatomic) and then contrast this with multidemension studies. We perform electron scattering calculations using the complex Kohn variational method to determine the resonance parameters of this system. The results show a two low lying resonance state of ? and ? symmetry. Resonant potential energy surfaces are then constructed as a function of the Cl--C and C--C internuclear distances as well as the Cl--C angle. Stretching the C--H distance does not significantly the position and shape of the resonance states, thus the problem is reduced to 3 active degrees of freedom and the DEA dynamics can be study. The time dependent wave packet method is used to solve the one dimension problem and the Multi-Configuration Time-Dependant Hartree method is used for wavepacket propagation on the computed resonant potential energy surfaces in three-dimension. We discuss the mechanisms leading to dissociation into the product channels and report the computed DEA cross sections.

Ngassam, V.; Orel, A. E.

2007-10-01

405

Platinum Attachments on Iron Oxide Nanoparticle Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Platinum nanoparticles supported on metal oxide surfaces have shown great potential as heterogeneous catalysts to accelerate electrochemical processes, such as the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Recently, the use of magnetic supports has become a promising research topic for easy separation and recovery of catalysts using magnets, such as Pt nanoparticles supported on iron oxide nanoparticles. The attachment of Pt on iron oxide nanoparticles is limited by the wetting ability of the Pt (metal) on ceramic surfaces. A study of Pt nanoparticle attachment on iron oxide nanoparticle surfaces in an organic solvent is reported, which addresses the factors that promote or inhibit such attachment. It was discovered that the Pt attachment strongly depends on the capping molecules of the iron oxide seeds and the reaction temperature. For example, the attachment of Pt nanoparticles on oleic acid coated iron oxide nanoparticles was very challenging, because of the strong binding between the carboxylic groups and iron oxide surfaces. In contrast, when nanoparticles are coated with oleic acid/tri-n-octylphosphine oxide or oleic acid/oleylamine, a significant increase in Pt attachment was observed. Electronic structure calculations were then applied to estimate the binding energies between the capping molecules and iron ions, and the modeling results strongly support the experimental observations.

Palchoudhury, Soubantika; Xu, Yaolin; An, Wei; Turner, C. H.; Bao, Yuping

2010-04-30

406

Orientational disorder and motion of weakly attached cross-bridges.  

PubMed Central

In a relaxed muscle fiber at low ionic strength, the cross-bridges may well be in states comparable to the one that precedes the cross-bridge power stroke (Schoenberg, M. 1988. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 226:189-202). Using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and (saturation transfer) electron paramagnetic resonance (ST-EPR) techniques on fibers labeled with maleimide spin label, under low ionic strength conditions designed to produce a majority of weakly-attached heads, we have established that (a) relaxed labeled fibers show a speed dependence of chord stiffness identical to that of unlabeled, relaxed fibers, suggesting similar rapid dissociation and reassociation of cross-bridges; (b) the attached relaxed heads at low ionic strength are nearly as disordered as in relaxation at physiological ionic strength where most of the heads are detached from actin; and (c) the microsecond rotational mobility of the relaxed heads was only slightly restricted compared to normal ionic strength, implying great motional freedom despite attachment. The differences in head mobility between low and normal ionic strength scale with filament overlap and are thus due to acto-myosin interactions. The spectra can be modeled in terms of two populations: one identical to relaxed heads at normal ionic strength (83%), the other representing a more oriented population of heads (17%). The spectrum of the latter is centered at approximately the same angle as the spectrum in rigor but exhibits larger (40 degrees) axial probe disorder with respect to the fiber axis. Alternatively, assuming that the chord stiffness is proportional to the fraction of attached crossbridges, the attached fraction must be even more disordered than 400, with rotational mobility nearly as great as for detached cross-bridges.

Fajer, P. G.; Fajer, E. A.; Schoenberg, M.; Thomas, D. D.

1991-01-01

407

Dissociative attachment from vibrationally and rotationally excited HCl and HF  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electron impact mass spectrometer is used to study dissociative attachment in HCl, DCl, and HF at incident energies 0–4 eV. Target molecules in different excited nuclear states are prepared with an iridium oven source. The cross sections for Cl?\\/HCl, Cl?\\/DCl, and F?\\/HF all show an order of magnitude increase with each increase of vibrational quantum (v=0, 1, and 2).

M. Allan; S. F. Wong

1981-01-01

408

Monocyte attachment to laminin in diabetes mellitus: The role of ATP.  

PubMed

Monocyte-extracellular matrix interactions have been implicated in atherosclerosis pathophysiology. Laminin, the main basement membrane protein contains cell binding domains that can be cryptic, presented only after protein modification. In the present study we evaluated monocyte attachment to laminin-1 in the presence of ATP. Monocytes were derived from either healthy volunteers or patients with diabetes mellitus type II. For the estimation of monocyte attachment to laminin the myeloperoxidase assay was used. Monocytes derived from diabetic patients, showed an increased ability to attach to laminin (p = 0.0055). The presence of ATP increased the attachment of control monocytes to laminin (p = 0.0022). On the contrary, the presence of ATP did not affect the attachment of monocytes derived from diabetic patients to laminin. Our results indicate a modified interaction between monocytes and laminin-1 in diabetes mellitus. PMID:19287210

Kostidou, Elena; Trachana, Varvara; Topouridou, Konstantina; Paletas, Konstantinos; Tsapas, Apostolos; Kaloyianni, Martha; Koliakos, George

2009-04-17

409

Development of an attachment-informed measure of sexual behavior in late adolescence.  

PubMed

There is considerable interest in relations between sexual behavior and romantic attachment styles in adolescence as attachment needs are increasingly met through intimate partners rather than parents. The objectives of this research were to organize a measure of sexual behavior within an attachment theory framework, and then show that this new measure uniquely predicted sexual approach styles and invasive sexual experiences. 190 18- and 19-year-old university students in late adolescence completed sexual behavior items that were provided ambivalent (anxious) and avoidant dimensions. These were systematically related to the romantic attachment dimensions of the Experiences in Close Relationships - Revised. However, even after romantic relationship style, gender, and social desirability were controlled, avoidance in sexual relationships predicted lifetime sexual partner number and negatively predicted positive sexual strategies, and ambivalence in sexual relationships predicted invasive and coercive sexual behaviors. A measure specific to sexual relationships informs the attachment and romantic context of sex in late adolescence. PMID:23414943

Szielasko, Alicia L; Symons, Douglas K; Lisa Price, E

2013-02-12

410

Putting up emotional (facebook) walls? Attachment status and emerging adults' experiences of social networking sites.  

PubMed

Social networking sites (SNS) like Facebook can increase interpersonal connections but also intensify jealousy, envy, and surveillance behaviors. Attachment styles may help explain differences in experiencing SNS. This study investigated the role of attachment in influencing emerging adults' perceptions and feelings about SNS and their disclosures on SNS. Disorganized and anxious attachment predicted subjects' use of SNS to avoid more personal face-to-face communication, suggesting individuals with these tendencies use SNS to hold relationships at a psychological arm's distance. Anxious attachment also predicted feelings of intimacy when using SNS, perhaps reflecting online needs for comfort from others. A case narrative is presented to show how those with insecure attachment patterns may struggle to avoid interpersonal conflict when being continuously presented with ambiguous social information. PMID:23996299

Nitzburg, George C; Farber, Barry A

2013-08-30

411

Attachment and mental and physical health: self-compassion and mattering as mediators.  

PubMed

Research shows a strong link between adult attachment and mental and physical health, but little is known about the mechanisms that underlie these relationships. The present study examined self-compassion and mattering, two constructs from positive psychology literature, as potential mediators. Using survey data from a sample of 208 college students, relationships among attachment, self-compassion, mattering, and functional health were explored. Correlational analyses indicated that attachment anxiety and avoidance were strongly related to the mental health component of functional health. Mediation analyses indicated that mattering and self-compassion mediated the relationships between attachment orientation (i.e., levels of avoidance and anxiety) and mental health. These findings suggest that individuals' abilities to be kind toward themselves and their sense of belonging and being important to others are pathways through which attachment orientation relates to mental health. PMID:21463033

Raque-Bogdan, Trisha L; Ericson, Sara K; Jackson, John; Martin, Helena M; Bryan, Nicole A

2011-04-01

412

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AN ATTACHMENT-BASED INTERVENTION IN PROMOTING FOSTER MOTHERS' SENSITIVITY TOWARD FOSTER INFANTS  

PubMed Central

Infants in foster care need sensitive, responsive caregivers to promote their healthy outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention, a short-term, targeted, attachment-based intervention program designed to promote sensitive caregiving behavior among foster mothers. Ninety-six foster mother–infant dyads participated in this study; 44 dyads were assigned to the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention, and 52 dyads were assigned to a control intervention. Results of hierarchical linear modeling indicated that foster mothers who were assigned to the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention showed greater improvements in their sensitivity from pre- to postintervention assessment time points when compared with foster mothers who were assigned to the control intervention. We conclude that a short-term, targeted, attachment-based intervention is effective in changing foster mothers’ responsiveness to their foster infants, which is critical for foster infants’ healthy socioemotional adjustment.

BICK, JOHANNA; DOZIER, MARY

2013-01-01

413

A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Attachment Therapy for Adopted Children with Reactive Attachment Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this preliminary investigation was to examine the effectiveness of attachment therapy for adopted children\\u000a diagnosed with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD). Although attachment therapy is widely utilized in the practice community,\\u000a outcomes of such therapy have not been well documented. In this study a pretest–posttest one-group design was used with a\\u000a sample of 24 adopted children who received

Jane S. Wimmer; M. Elizabeth Vonk; Patrick Bordnick

2009-01-01

414

Attachment relationships among children with aggressive behavior problems: The role of disorganized early attachment patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews recent attachment-related studies of early aggression. That aggressive behavior toward peers is related to disorganized or controlling patterns of attachment behavior toward parents but not to avoidant or ambivalent patterns. Longitudinal attachment studies indicate that risk factors identified in cross-sectional studies of aggressive school-age children, such as family adversity, paren- tal hostility, parental depression, and child cognitive

Karlen Lyons-Ruth

1996-01-01

415

Attachment Relationships Among Children With Aggressive Behavior Problems: The Role of Disorganized Early Attachment Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews recent attachment-related studies of early aggression. That aggressive behavior toward peers is related to disorganized or controlling patterns of attachment behavior toward parents but not to avoidant or ambivalent patterns. Longitudinal attachment studies indicate that risk factors identified in cross-sectional studies of aggressive school-age children, such as family adversity, parental hostility, parental depression, and child cognitive deficits,

Karlen Lyons-Ruth

1996-01-01

416

Correlates of Attachment at Age 3: Construct Validity of the Preschool Attachment Classification System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined correlates of attachment at age 3 to further validate preschool separation-reunion measures. Three-year-olds (N = 150) and their mothers participated in a separation-reunion protocol, the Preschool Attachment Classification System (PACS; J. Cassidy & R. S. Marvin with the MacArthur Working Group on Attachment, 1992), and a mother-child interaction session during a laboratory visit. Mothers also completed psychosocial

Ellen Moss; Jean-François Bureau; Chantal Cyr; Chantal Mongeau; Diane St-Laurent

2004-01-01

417

Attachment of Burkholderia pseudomallei to pharyngeal epithelial cells: a highly pathogenic bacteria with low attachment ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Respiratory infections are initiated by the attachment of bacteria to pharyngeal epithelial cells. We studied the attachment of Burkholderia pseudomallei to pharyngeal epithelial cells. After one, two, three, and four washes, there were 22.6 6 8.9, 15.7 6 7.0, 6.8 6 3.1, and 4.6 6 1.1 (mean 6 SD) attached bacteria\\/cell, respectively. If the bacterial concentration was maintained at 1

Misao Tao; Akemi Omori; Prasit Tharavichikul; Tsuyoshi Nagatake

418

The Adult Attachment Projective Picture System: Integrating Attachment Into Clinical Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the development and validation of the Adult Attachment Projective System (AAP), a measure we developed from the Bowlby–Ainsworth developmental tradition to assess adult attachment status. The AAP has demonstrated excellent concurrent validity with the Adult Attachment Interview (George, Kaplan, & Main, 1984\\/1985\\/1996; Main & Goldwyn, 1985–1994; Main, Goldwyn, & Hesse, 2003), interjudge reliability, and test–retest reliability, with

Carol George; Malcolm West

2011-01-01

419

Attachment, Caregiving, and Altruism: Boosting Attachment Security Increases Compassion and Helping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies based on J. Bowlby's (1969\\/1982) attachment theory reveal that both dispositional and experimentally enhanced attachment security facilitate cognitive openness and empathy, strengthen self-transcendent values, and foster tolerance of out-group members. Moreover, dispositional attachment security is associated with volunteering to help others in everyday life and to unselfish motives for volunteering. The present article reports 5 experiments, replicated in

Mario Mikulincer; Phillip R. Shaver; Omri Gillath; Rachel A. Nitzberg

2005-01-01

420

Relation of the Postnatal Attachment Questionnaire to the Attachment Q?Set  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the relation of the relatively new parent?to?infant Postnatal Attachment Questionnaire (PAQ) and the Attachment Q?Set (AQS) in mothers and fathers of 12?month?old infants. The PAQ represents the affective component and the AQS the behavioural component of caregiver–infant attachment. The PAQ has to do with the feelings of the parents towards the infant, whereas the AQS is concerned with

S. Feldstein; A. A. Hane; B. M. Morrison

2004-01-01

421

Attachment site selection of ticks on roe deer, Capreolus capreolus.  

PubMed

The spatio-temporal attachment site patterns of ticks feeding on their hosts can be of significance if co-feeding transmission (i.e. from tick to tick without a systemic infection of the host) of pathogens affects the persistence of a given disease. Using tick infestation data on roe deer, we analysed preferred attachment sites and niche width of Ixodes ticks (larvae, nymphs, males, females) and investigated the degree of inter- and intrastadial aggregation. The different development stages showed rather consistent attachment site patterns and relative narrow feeding site niches. Larvae were mostly found on the head and on the front legs of roe deer, nymphs reached highest densities on the head and highest adult densities were found on the neck of roe deer. The tick stages feeding (larvae, nymphs, females) on roe deer showed high degrees of intrastadial spatial aggregation, whereas males did not. Male ticks showed large feeding site overlap with female ticks. Feeding site overlap between larval-female and larval-nymphal ticks did occur especially during the months May-August on the head and front legs of roe deer and might allow pathogen transmission via co-feeding. Tick density, niche width and niche overlap on roe deer are mainly affected by seasonality, reflecting seasonal activity and abundance patterns of ticks. Since different tick development stages occur spatially and temporally clustered on roe deer, transmission experiments of tick-borne pathogens are urgently needed. PMID:20585837

Kiffner, C; Lödige, C; Alings, M; Vor, T; Rühe, F

2010-06-29

422

Increased CDK1 activity determines the timing of kinetochore-microtubule attachments in meiosis I.  

PubMed

Chromosome segregation during cell division depends on stable attachment of kinetochores to spindle microtubules. Mitotic spindle formation and kinetochore-microtubule (K-MT) capture typically occur within minutes of nuclear envelope breakdown. In contrast, during meiosis I in mouse oocytes, formation of the acentrosomal bipolar spindle takes 3-4 h, and stabilization of K-MT attachments is delayed an additional 3-4 h. The mechanism responsible for this delay, which likely prevents stabilization of erroneous attachments during spindle formation, is unknown. Here we show that during meiosis I, attachments are regulated by CDK1 activity, which gradually increases through prometaphase and metaphase I. Partial reduction of CDK1 activity delayed formation of stable attachments, whereas a premature increase in CDK1 activity led to precocious formation of stable attachments and eventually lagging chromosomes at anaphase I. These results indicate that the slow increase in CDK1 activity in meiosis I acts as a timing mechanism to allow stable K-MT attachments only after bipolar spindle formation, thus preventing attachment errors. PMID:23857768

Davydenko, Olga; Schultz, Richard M; Lampson, Michael A

2013-07-15

423

Direct and indirect effects of contextual factors, caregiver depression, and parenting on attachment security in preschoolers.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to develop a multiple-level-of-analysis model of preschool attachment security and to determine the processes (direct and indirect) whereby factors from different domains (e.g., stress and parenting) are related to attachment during this period. This study examined the direct and indirect effects of stress, family conflict, caregiver depression symptoms, and parenting on attachment security in a large (N = 796) and diverse sample of 4-year-olds. This study used the 3-Boxes Task to assess aspects of parenting critical to sensitivity in the preschool period, labeling this construct sensitivity/scaffolding. Parent-report questionnaires were used to assess stress, conflict, caregiver depressive symptoms, parent support/engagement, and parent hostility/coercion. Direct observation (3-Boxes Task) was used to assess sensitivity/scaffolding and attachment (Attachment Q-Sort) based on a 2½-3 hour home visit. Results of structural equation modeling indicated a good overall fit for the model. Among the parenting variables, sensitivity/scaffolding had the strongest effect on attachment. Depressive symptoms had both direct and indirect effects (mediated by parenting). The effects of stress and family conflict were mediated by caregiver depression symptoms and parenting. These data show that a developmentally appropriate measure of sensitivity plays a significant role in attachment security in preschoolers. Thus, strategies designed to enhance sensitivity/scaffolding may increase child resilience by enhancing attachment security. PMID:23383734

Hopkins, Joyce; Gouze, Karen R; Lavigne, John V

2013-02-05

424

Life-time Romantic Attachment Style and Social Adaptation in Late-Onset Depression  

PubMed Central

Background Measuring social adjustment (including attachment style and current social adaptation) in late-life depression may support planning secondary prevention, rehabilitation and treatment. Insecure attachment style is a risk factor for developing new depression, and social adjustment may constitute a problem after symptoms abatement. Few studies have examined attachment style and social adjustment in late-onset depression. Design Subjects 50 years of age and older with early-onset (n=35), late-onset DSM-IV unipolar depression (n=38) and never depressed volunteers (n=47) were assessed with a widely-used measure of attachment style (the Experiences in Close Relationship Scale). Social adjustment was measured using the Social Adjustment Scale. Results Both early- and late-onset patients with depression showed greater insecure attachment and poorer social adaptation compared to never depressed volunteers. No difference was found between early- and late-onset patients with depression on attachment style or social adjustment. There were no significant differences between late-life depression in remission or current on attachment or social adaptation. Conclusion Insecure attachment style may be a risk factor for late-life depression irrespective of the age of onset. Social maladaptation may persist among individuals with late-life depression in remission.

Paradiso, Sergio; Naridze, Rachelle; Holm-Brown, Erika

2012-01-01

425

Attachment B - Food Preparation at the Licensed Permanent ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... 2000. Attachment B - Food Prep. ... Attachment B - Food Preparation at the Licensed Permanent Food Establishment. Food ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/guidanceregulation/retailfoodprotection

426

Attachment behavior and mother-child conversations as predictors of attachment representations in middle childhood: A longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines longitudinal links between mother–child conversations and attachment patterns in early childhood and later attachment representations. It also tests the role of conversations as mediators in the association between behavioral security and attachment representations. Mother–child conversations (snack-time) and attachment behaviors (Separation-Reunion procedure) were assessed for 83 5.5-year-olds while attachment representations (attachment narratives) were measured at 8.5 years of

Karine Dubois-Comtois; Chantal Cyr; Ellen Moss

2011-01-01

427

Attachment of Bacteroides gingivalis to collagenous substrata.  

PubMed

The ability of Bacteroides gingivalis 381 to attach to hydroxyapatite (HA) beads, treated with either human type I or type IV collagen, or to particles of bovine bone collagen was studied. All preparations were blocked with human albumin prior to being incubated with 3H-thymidine-labeled B. gingivalis 381 cells. The presence of collagen on HA surfaces (C-HA) significantly promoted attachment of the organism. HA treated with Type IV collagen bound B. gingivalis cells more effectively than did HA treated with type I collagen. Attachment of two additional strains of B. gingivalis to HA was also promoted by collagen. Binding to type I or type IV C-HA occurred rapidly, and equilibrium was attained within 45 min. B. gingivalis 381 cells also bound to particles of bovine bone collagen, and this appeared to be biphasic. Heating the bacteria abolished their ability to bind to C-HA. Attachment of B. gingivalis 381 cells to HA treated with type I collagen was strongly inhibited by the presence of soluble type I or type IV collagen, or gelatin, but not by the presence of human albumin, salivary proline-rich protein 1, or saliva. Human serum, fibronectin, fibrinogen, certain protease inhibitors, and some peptides were also inhibitory. 3H-fibronectin bound to bovine bone collagen particles and blocked the attachment of 14C-B. gingivalis cells. Mild trypsin treatment of the fibronectin-collagen complex restored its ability to promote 14C-B. gingivalis attachment concomitant with the loss of 3H-fibronectin. We suggest that elevated levels of proteases in the gingival sulcus, such as are associated with poor oral hygiene and gingivitis, might remove fibronectin and expose collagen molecules in the basement membrane, thereby promoting the attachment of B. gingivalis cells and facilitating their invasion into gingival tissues. PMID:3042824

Naito, Y; Gibbons, R J

1988-08-01

428

Multi-method assessment of mother-child attachment: links to parenting and child depressive symptoms in middle childhood.  

PubMed

This study included two different methods to assess mother-child attachment, questionnaires, and a doll play story stem interview, so their overlap could be evaluated. In addition, we investigated how attachment is related to parenting and child depression. The sample was comprised of 10- to 12-year-olds (N = 87) and their mothers. Children completed questionnaires (assessing security, avoidance, and ambivalence), and were administered a doll play interview to assess attachment patterns (security, avoidance, ambivalence, and disorganization). Two aspects of parenting (warmth/ engagement and psychological control) were assessed with child reports and observer ratings of maternal behavior. We also obtained child reports of depressive symptoms. Questionnaire and interview measures of attachment security were related to one another, and each showed predictable associations with parenting and child depression. By contrast, results were less consistent for the ambivalent and avoidant insecure attachment patterns, although disorganized attachment showed some associations with parenting and child adjustment. PMID:21718221

Kerns, Kathryn A; Brumariu, Laura E; Seibert, Ashley

2011-07-01

429

Beyond the dyad: do family interactions influence children's attachment representations in middle childhood?  

PubMed

This study examines the influence of mother-child and family interactions on the development of child attachment representations in middle childhood for a sample of 49 families. Mother-child interactions were observed during a snacktime in a lab setting (Moss, Rousseau, Parent, St-Laurent, & Saintonge, 1998) when children were 5-6 years old. Three years later, children's attachment representations were assessed using a doll play narrative procedure (Solomon, George, & DeJong, 1995) in the lab setting. Within 6 months of the second lab visit, family interactions were filmed during mealtime and coded using the Mealtime Interaction Coding System (MICS; Dickstein, Hayden, Schiller, Seifer, & San Antonio, 1994). Results showed clear differences between attachment groups on quality of mother-child and family interaction with the secure/confident group showing highest and the disorganized/frightened group showing lowest quality interactions. Family interactions predicted children's attachment representations, after controlling variance explained by prior mother-child interactions. PMID:19016050

Dubois-Comtois, Karine; Moss, Ellen

2008-12-01

430

Does the attachment system towards owners change in aged dogs?  

PubMed

Changes during senescence can significantly affect both the emotional and relational needs of old individuals and the characteristics of the attachment system. In order to determine whether the emotional response of dogs is affected by old age, we compared the behavioural parameters of adult (AD <7years of age, n=25) and aged (AG ?7years of age, n=25) dogs in a distressing situation, which gives rise to attachment behaviour patterns (Strange Situation Test, SST). The physiological response of dogs was assessed by measurement of salivary cortisol variations in samples collected both at the dogs' homes and at the study location, before and after the SST. Both groups of dogs expressed clear-cut patterns of attachment to their owners. During the initial part of the procedure, AG dogs sought more physical contact, but behaved more passively and showed less interest in an unknown person during separation from their owners. Compared with AD dogs, AG ones showed a significant increase in salivary cortisol concentrations after the SST. The combination of physiological and behavioural data of the present study supports the hypothesis that, later in life, dogs cope less efficiently with emotional distress caused by mild social challenge. PMID:23911691

Mongillo, Paolo; Pitteri, Elisa; Carnier, Paolo; Gabai, Gianfranco; Adamelli, Serena; Marinelli, Lieta

2013-07-31

431

Poly(2-oxazoline) hydrogels for controlled fibroblast attachment.  

PubMed

Currently there is a lack of choice when selecting synthetic materials with the cell-instructive properties demanded by modern biomaterials. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attachment of cells onto hydrogels prepared from poly(2-oxazoline)s selectively functionalized with cell adhesion motifs. A water-soluble macromer based on the microwave-assisted cationic ring-opening polymerization of 2-methyl-2-oxazoline and 2-(dec-9-enyl)-2-oxazoline was functionalized with the peptide CRGDSG or controls using thiol-ene photochemistry followed by facile cross-linking in the presence of a dithiol cross-linker. The growth of human fibroblasts on the hydrogel surfaces was dictated by the structure and amount of incorporated peptide. Controls without any peptide showed resistance to cellular attachment. The benignity of the cross-linking conditions was demonstrated by the incorporation of fibroblasts within the hydrogels to produce three-dimensional cell-polymer constructs. PMID:23844837

Farrugia, Brooke L; Kempe, Kristian; Schubert, Ulrich S; Hoogenboom, Richard; Dargaville, Tim R

2013-07-29

432

Bioprocessing in space: human cells attach to beads in microgravity.  

PubMed

Attachment to a substrate and survival of human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells have been tested in an incubator installed in the flight-deck of the Space Shuttle 'Challenger' during its eighth mission. HEK cells are producing the enzyme urokinase and are presently investigated as candidates for electrophoretic separation in an apparatus developed and manufactured by McDonnell Douglas. Attachment of HEK cells to a substrate is mandatory for survival and production of urokinase after electrophoretic separation. Analysis of the samples shows that cells adhere, spread and survive in microgravity (< 10(-3) x g) conditions as well as the ground controls at 1 x g. This result represents an important step towards further bioprocessing in space. PMID:11540837

Tschopp, A; Cogoli, A; Lewis, M L; Morrison, D R

1984-01-01

433

Less is more: removing membrane attachments stiffens the RBC cytoskeleton  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The polymerized network of the cytoskeleton of the red-blood cell (RBC) contains different protein components that maintain its overall integrity and attachment to the lipid bilayer. One of these key components is the band 3 ankyrin complex that attaches the spectrin filaments to the fluid bilayer. Defects in this particular component result in the shape transformation called spherocytosis, through the shedding of membrane nano-vesicles. We show here that this transition and membrane shedding can be explained through the increased stiffness of the network when the band 3 ankyrin complexes are removed. ATP-induced transient dissociations lead to network softening, which offsets the stiffening to some extent, and causes increased fragility of these mutant cells, as is observed.

Gov, Nir S.

2007-11-01

434

Disinfection of bacteria attached to granular activated carbon.  

PubMed Central

Heterotrophic plate count bacteria, coliform organisms, and pathogenic microorganisms attached to granular activated carbon particles were examined for their susceptibility to chlorine disinfection. When these bacteria were grown on carbon particles and then disinfected with 2.0 mg of chlorine per liter (1.4 to 1.6 mg of free chlorine residual per liter after 1 h) for 1 h, no significant decrease in viable counts was observed. Washed cells attached to the surface of granular activated carbon particles showed similar resistance to chlorine, but a progressive increase in sublethal injury was found. Observations made by scanning electron microscope indicated that granular activated carbon was colonized by bacteria which grow in cracks and crevices and are coated by an extracellular slime layer. These data suggest a possible mechanism by which treatment and disinfection barriers can be penetrated and pathogenic bacteria may enter drinking water supplies. Images

LeChevallier, M W; Hassenauer, T S; Camper, A K; McFeters, G A

1984-01-01

435

National Orange Show Photovoltaic Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

National Orange Show Photovoltaic Demonstration created a 400KW Photovoltaic self-generation plant at the National Orange Show Events Center (NOS). The NOS owns a 120-acre state fairground where it operates an events center and produces an annual citrus fair known as the Orange Show. The NOS governing board wanted to employ cost-saving programs for annual energy expenses. It is hoped the Photovoltaic program will result in overall savings for the NOS, help reduce the State's energy demands as relating to electrical power consumption, improve quality of life within the affected grid area as well as increase the energy efficiency of buildings at our venue. In addition, the potential to reduce operational expenses would have a tremendous effect on the ability of the NOS to service its community.

Dan Jimenez (NOS)Sheri Raborn, CPA (National Orange Show); Tom Baker (California Construction Authority)

2008-03-31

436

Explaining the relationship between insecure attachment and partner abuse: the role of personality characteristics.  

PubMed

Studies have found that male batterers are more often insecurely attached as compared with nonbatterers. However, it is still not clear how insecure attachment is related to domestic violence. Many studies compared batterers and nonbatterers regarding pathological personality characteristics that are related to attachment (e.g., dependency, jealousy) and generally found that batterers report more personality characteristics. However, these studies did not investigate which role these characteristics played in the relationship between insecure attachment and battering. The first aim of this study is to test which personality characteristics are good candidates to explain the relationship between insecure attachment and domestic violence. The second aim is to test whether personality characteristics are predictive of battering over and above attachment. Seventy-two mainly court-mandated family-only males who were in group treatment for battering are allocated to a securely and an insecurely attached group and compared with 62 nonbatterers. Using questionnaires, self-esteem, dependency, general distrust, distrust in partner, jealousy, lack of empathy, separation anxiety, desire for control, and impulsivity were assessed. This was the first study that examined distrust, separation anxiety, and desire for control in relation to battering. The results show that the relationship between insecure attachment and domestic violence can be explained by separation anxiety and partner distrust. Moreover, only partner distrust increased the risk for battering over and above insecure attachment. The findings suggest the presence of two subtypes among batterers based on attachment style, which has similarities to the family-only and dysphoric-borderline subtypes suggested by Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart. Implications of the present findings for therapy are discussed. PMID:22550146

Buck, Nicole M L; Leenaars, Ellie P E M; Emmelkamp, Paul M G; van Marle, Hjalmar J C

2012-04-30

437

Parent Attachment, Childrearing Behavior, and Child Attachment: Mediated Effects Predicting Preschoolers' Externalizing Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment theory provides an interesting background for thinking about externalizing behavior (EB) in early childhood and for understanding how parenting influences the child's outcomes. The study examined how attachment and parenting could be combined to explain preschoolers' EB. Data were collected from 117 preschoolers aged from 4 to 6…

Roskam, Isabelle; Meunier, Jean-Christophe; Stievenart, Marie

2011-01-01

438

Attachment in Psychotherapy: Psychometric Properties of the Psychological Treatment Inventory Attachment Styles Scale (PTI-ASS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering attachment as a principal that can link the main psychotherapy models, this study describes the creation of a new measure of Attachment in accordance both with Bowlby's original theories and with recent advances in psychotherapy integration. This study aims to explain the theoretical principles underlying the Psychological Treatment Inventory (PTI; Gori, Giannini, & Schuldberg, 2008) and to verify the

Marco Giannini; Alessio Gori; Elena De Sanctis; David Schuldberg

2011-01-01

439

Attachment styles, traumatic events, and PTSD: a cross-sectional investigation of adult attachment and trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to examine the association between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and adult attachment in a young adult population. A sample of 328 Danish students (mean age 29.2 years) from four different schools of intermediate education level were studied by the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ), the Revised Adult Attachment Scale (RAAS), the Trauma Symptom Checklist

Maja OConnor; Ask Elklit

2008-01-01

440

Attachment Patterns in the Psychotherapy Relationship: Development of the Client Attachment to Therapist Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A panel of 9 therapists generated items for an instrument designed to measure the psychotherapy relationship from the perspective of attachment theory. The initial version of the Client Attachment to Therapist Scale (CATS) contained 100 items that were administered at 4 counseling agencies in survey packets to 138 clients who had completed at least 5 sessions with their therapists. Factor

Brent Mallinckrodt; Diana L. Gantt; Helen M. Coble

1995-01-01

441

Parent Attachment, Childrearing Behavior, and Child Attachment: Mediated Effects Predicting Preschoolers' Externalizing Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attachment theory provides an interesting background for thinking about externalizing behavior (EB) in early childhood and for understanding how parenting influences the child's outcomes. The study examined how attachment and parenting could be combined to explain preschoolers' EB. Data were collected from 117 preschoolers aged from 4 to 6…

Roskam, Isabelle; Meunier, Jean-Christophe; Stievenart, Marie

2011-01-01

442

Assessing Children's Representational Attachment Models: Links to Mother-Child Attachment Quality in Infancy and Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined whether the finding of a correspondence between specific behavioral patterns of attachment in infancy and childhood and specific representational patterns in childhood could be replicated using children's responses to a story depicting an imagined parent-child separation experience. The participants were 33 German mothers and their children (16 girls, 17 boys). Attachment quality was assessed via standard and

Ute Ziegenhain; Teresa Jacobsen

1999-01-01

443

The Secure-Base Hypothesis: Global Attachment, Attachment to Counselor, and Session Exploration in Psychotherapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored J. Bowlby's (1988) secure-base hypothesis, which predicts that a client's secure attachment to the therapist, as well as the client's and the therapist's global attachment security, will facilitate in-session exploration. Volunteer clients (N = 59) and trainee counselors (N = 59) in short-term therapy completed the Experiences…

Romano, Vera; Fitzpatrick, Marilyn; Janzen, Jennifer

2008-01-01

444

Unresolved Attachment among Immigrants: An Analysis Using the Adult Attachment Projective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dutch and Belgian immigrants in California have a high rate of unresolved attachment status compared to nonimmigrant Californians, unrelated to their length of time in the United States, to their marriage status, or to their reasons for immigration. In this study, the author analyzes attachment at the representational level by comparing coherence…

van Ecke, Yolanda

2006-01-01

445

Childhood Sexual Abuse, Attachment, and Trauma Symptoms in College Females: The Moderating Role of Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The present study tests a model linking attachment, childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and adult psychological functioning. It expands on previous work by assessing the degree to which attachment security moderates the relationship between a history of child sexual abuse and trauma-related symptoms in college females. Method: Self-reports…

Aspelmeier, Jeffery E.; Elliott, Ann N.; Smith, Christopher H.

2007-01-01

446

Measuring Lifestyle and Attachment: An Empirical Investigation Linking Individual Psychology and Attachment Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|P. R. Peluso, J. P. Peluso, J. F. White, and R. M. Kern (2004) reviewed the theoretical constructs underlying the similarities between lifestyle and attachment style. Specifically, they suggested that the individual psychology construct of lifestyle (or style of life) and attachment style should be empirically investigated. The present research…

Peluso, Paul R.; Peluso, Jennifer P.; Buckner, Janine P.; Kern, Roy M.; Curlette, William

2009-01-01

447

Adult Attachment and Exploration: Linking Attachment Style to Motivation and Perceptions of Support in Adult Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking an attachment theory perspective, the present studies investigated partner-related motives for exploration and perceptions of romantic partners as persons who might provide support for exploration. We argue, from an attachment theory perspective, that more avoidant persons may use exploration as a way to distance themselves from their partners, whereas more anxious persons may use exploration as a means of

A. McLeish Martin III; Ramona L. Paetzold; W. Steven Rholes

2010-01-01

448

The OOPSLA trivia show (TOOTS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

OOPSLA has a longstanding tradition of being a forum for discussing the cutting edge of technology in a fun and participatory environment. The type of events sponsored by OOPSLA sometimes border on the unconventional. This event represents an atypical panel that conforms to the concept of a game show that is focused on questions and answers related to OOPSLA themes.

Jeff Gray; Douglas C. Schmidt

2009-01-01

449

Nuclear reactor fuel rod attachment system  

DOEpatents

A reusable system is described for removably attaching a nuclear reactor fuel rod to a support member. A locking cap is secured to the fuel rod and a locking strip is fastened to the support member. The locking cap has two opposing fingers shaped to form a socket having a body portion. The locking strip has an extension shaped to rigidly attach to the socket's body portion. The locking cap's fingers are resiliently deflectable. For attachment, the locking cap is longitudinally pushed onto the locking strip causing the extension to temporarily deflect open the fingers to engage the socket's body portion. For removal, the process is reversed.

Not Available

1980-09-17

450

Attachment relationships as determinants of physical health.  

PubMed

Childhood adversity alters the relational world of the child and inhibits the development of secure attachment bonds. The purpose of this article is to survey recent evidence that attachment insecurity has the potential to impair physical health throughout the lifespan. It is proposed that attachment insecurity contributes to disease risk through a range of mechanisms which include (1) disturbances in arousal and recovery within physiological systems that respond to stress; (2) physiological links between the mediators of social relationships, stress, and immunity; (3) links between relationship style and various health behaviors; and (4) disease risk factors that serve as external regulators of dysphoric affect, such as nicotine and alcohol. The evidence for these mechanisms, particularly the evidence that has accumulated since the model was first proposed in 2000, is presented and discussed. PMID:18399744

Maunder, Robert G; Hunter, Jonathan J

2008-01-01

451

Nuclear reactor fuel rod attachment system  

DOEpatents

A reusable system for removably attaching a nuclear reactor fuel rod (12) to a support member (14). A locking cap (22) is secured to the fuel rod (12) and a locking strip (24) is fastened to the support member (14). The locking cap (22) has two opposing fingers (24a and 24b) shaped to form a socket having a body portion (26). The locking strip has an extension (36) shaped to rigidly attach to the socket's body portion (26). The locking cap's fingers are resiliently deflectable. For attachment, the locking cap (22) is longitudinally pushed onto the locking strip (24) causing the extension (36) to temporarily deflect open the fingers (24a and 24b) to engage the socket's body portion (26). For removal, the process is reversed.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA)

1982-01-01

452

Mechanical attachments for flexible blanket TPS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The operability of a flexible blanket thermal protection system for a reusable launch vehicle can be improved by using mechanical attachments instead of adhesive bonding to fasten the thermal protection system to the vehicle structure. Mechanical attachments offer specific benefits by (1) permitting the use of composite or metal structures at or near their maximum temperatures (above the adhesive temperature limit) thereby reducing the required TPS thickness and weight, (2) significantly reducing both the frequency and time for TPS replacement, (3) providing easy access to hatches and the underlying structure, and (4) allowing the attachment of flexible TPS to integral cryotanks, where the TPS/structure interface temperature may fall below the lower temperature of the silicone adhesives.

Newquist, Charles W.; Anderson, David M.; Shorey, Mark W.; Preedy, Kristina S.

1998-01-01

453

The Virtual Foliage Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site links to other University of Wisconsin sites, which contain photographic collections of general botany, plant systematics (with vascular plants organized taxonomically), dendrology (with woody genera images), fungi, and vegetation of Wisconsin. There are also links to University of Wisconsin course pages on these subjects.

Clayton, Michael

454

Starting Page for Infrared Spectroscopy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is an extensive collection of useful links related to infrared spectroscopy. It features links to resources dealing with the basics of infrared, interpretation of infrared spectra, correlation charts and window material data. From this page, many of the websites available on the internet concerning infrared can be found.

Chemware, Kok

455

Web Page Design (Part One).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses rules for Web page design: consider audiences' Internet skills and equipment; know your content; outline the material; map or sketch the site; be consistent; regulate size of graphics to control download time; place eye catching material in the first 300 pixels; moderate use of color to control file size and bandwidth; include a…

Descy, Don E.

1997-01-01

456

JAMA Patient Page: Body Piercing  

MedlinePLUS

... antiquities. Body piercing has recently become common in many countries, particularly among young persons. The February 25, 2004, ... on JAMA ’s Web site at www.jama.com. Many are available in ... Piercers, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The JAMA Patient Page is a ...

457

Titre principale de la page  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... induction at the protein level Page 7. 6 -Glutathione-adduct conjugation (LC-MS-MS). Troglitazone and GSH conjugates RT : 1 0 .0 0 - 1 9 .0 0 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/scienceresearch

458

A Measure of Caregiving Daughters' Attachment to Elderly Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although attachment to a parent in adulthood remains a controversial topic, a measure is needed to assess the strength of adult daughters' current attachment to their elderly mothers. Representing 4 domains of the attachment concept (seeking security or comfort, distress upon separation, joy upon reunion, and feelings of love), a 16-item Adult Attachment Scale was developed and field-tested. Internal consistency

Victor G. Cicirelli

1995-01-01

459

The measurement of place attachment: Personal, community, and environmental connections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Place attachment has been researched extensively in the social and behavioural sciences over the past two decades. However, it is challenging for researchers to assimilate the mixed messages presented in the place attachment literature and to understand the multiple place attachment terms. In this study, a four-dimensional model of rural landholder attachments to their natural resource management region was conceptually

Christopher M. Raymond; Gregory Brown; Delene Weber

460

Preschool Teacher Attachment, School Readiness and Risk of Learning Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attachment is the emotional bond between children and their caregivers (parents or otherwise). Infants and young children usually have more than one selective attachment, and all of these attachment relationships, including those between children and teachers, have important effects on cognitive and social development. Secure attachment to a…

Commodari, Elena

2013-01-01

461

The Freedom to Choose Secure Attachment Relationships in Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was based on the attachment-security hypothesis (H. Latty-Mann & K. E. Davis, 1996) that predicts that all individuals, regardless of attachment style, should demonstrate a preference for secure partners who are most likely to offer attachment security. It was therefore expected that with the transfer of attachment functions from…

Keren, Einat; Mayseless, Ofra

2013-01-01

462

How Do I Connect? Attachment Issues in Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment formation is considered a developmental process that continues far beyond infancy and early childhood. Yet the research on adolescent attachment formation remains relatively modest. This article reviews the normative and pathological developmental trajectories of attachment during adolescence. Specific attention is focused on the assessment of attachment in adolescence and different classification systems developed to describe adaptive and maladaptive adolescent

David M. Shumaker; Robin M. Deutsch; Laura Brenninkmeyer

2009-01-01

463

Magnetic attachment for esthetic management of an overdenture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic attachments are a popular means of retaining removable overdentures and maxillofacial prostheses.1 When used in anterior regions, these attachments often are not esthetic because the metallic color of the cast coping or attachment can be seen directly or through the denture base. An esthetic magnetic attachment with a composite facing can be fabricated to overcome this problem. (J Prosthet

Yuji Kokubo; Shunji Fukushima

2002-01-01

464

Attachment in Institutionalized and Community Children in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined attachment in institutionalized and community children 12-31 months of age in Bu- charest, Romania. Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behaviors and ratings of caregiver descriptions in a structured interview. As predicted, children raised in institutions exhibited serious distur- bances of attachment as assessed by all methods. Observed quality of caregiving was related to formation and

Charles H. Zeanah; Anna T. Smyke; Sebastian F. Koga; Elizabeth Carlson

2005-01-01

465

Role of Attachment in Response to Pet Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of attachment on grief severity following the death of a pet. Seventy-one participants who had lost a dog or cat within the past year completed a set of measures that included an attachment measure assessing individual differences in attachment anxiety and avoidance, strength of the past attachment to the pet, the…

Field, Nigel P.; Orsini, Lisa; Gavish, Roni; Packman, Wendy

2009-01-01

466

A Theological Application of John Bowlby's Psychoanalytic Theories of Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the relationship between attachment and faith. John Bowlby's attachment theory provides pastoral counsellors with a method for understanding patterns of human interaction. Attachment styles which develop during childhood shape adult relationships though these styles are not fixed and can be made more secure with pastoral counselling. The literature on child and adult attachment is surveyed and theological

Andrew B. Starky

1999-01-01

467

FEELINGS OF SUBJECTIVE EMOTIONAL LONELINESS: AN EXPLORATION OF ATTACHMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationships between parental attachment, peer attachment, and subjective feelings of emotional loneliness. Three alternative models were tested in a group of 440 graduating psychology students at Ghent University in Belgium. The first hypothesis explored the linear causal relationship between parental attachment, peer attachment, and feelings of emotional loneliness. The second hypothesis tested the direct relationship between

Stefan Bogaerts; Stijn Vanheule; Mattias Desmet

2006-01-01

468

Attachment in Institutionalized and Community Children in Romania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined attachment in institutionalized and community children 12-31 months of age in Bucharest, Romania. Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behaviors and ratings of caregiver descriptions in a structured interview. As predicted, children raised in institutions exhibited serious disturbances of attachment as assessed…

Zeanah, Charles H.; Smyke, Anna T.; Koga, Sebastian F.; Carlson, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

469

Beyond the borders of reality: Attachment orientations and sexual fantasies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examined the associations between attachment orientations and sexual fantasies. In Study 1, 176 partici- pants completed a sexual fantasy checklist. The findings indicated that attachment anxiety was associated with fre- quent sexual fantasizing (e.g., submission themes). More anxiously attached women were particularly likely to report extrapair fantasies, whereas more anxiously attached men were especially likely to report romantic

GURIT E. BIRNBAUM

2007-01-01

470

Adult attachment and marital satisfaction: Evidence for dyadic configuration effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations between continuous ratings of four partnership- specific adult attachment prototype descriptions (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991) and relationship satisfaction were investi- gated in 333 married couples. Using multiple regression analysis, marital satisfaction could be predicted by the indi- vidual's own attachment, the partner's attachment, and the interaction between them. In general, secure attachment was related to higher, and insecure

Rainer Banse

1986-01-01

471

Role of Attachment in Response to Pet Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the impact of attachment on grief severity following the death of a pet. Seventy-one participants who had lost a dog or cat within the past year completed a set of measures that included an attachment measure assessing individual differences in attachment anxiety and avoidance, strength of the past attachment to the pet, the…

Field, Nigel P.; Orsini, Lisa; Gavish, Roni; Packman, Wendy

2009-01-01

472

Reading the traveling exhibition show: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation utilizes the motif of the traveling exhibition show in order to analyze how the Massachusetts Magazine (1789–96) participated in the cultural discussion regarding the construction of the American woman in the new nation. Although others have focused on the role of women in America (i.e., “Republican Motherhood”), I assert that whatever situation a woman found herself in—single, married,

Beverly Jean Reed

2000-01-01

473

Do Trade Shows Pay Off?  

Microsoft Academic Search

rade show expenditures are the second largest item in the business marketing communications budget after advertising, and they account for nearly one-fifth of the total budget for U.S. firms and approximately one-fourth of the budget for European firms (Jacobson 1990; Schafer 1987). The level of these expenditures, including direct costs and allocation of exhibitor staff time, though exclud- ing planning

Srinath Gopalakrishna; Gary L. Lilien; Jerome D. Williams; Ian K. Sequeira

474

Role of a bacillus Calmette-Guérin fibronectin attachment protein in BCG-induced antitumor activity.  

PubMed

Intravesical Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Gu*erin (BCG) is the treatment of choice for superficial bladder cancer. Previous studies showed that attachment of BCG to fibronectin within the bladder was necessary for mediation of the antitumor response. Further studies identified a bacterial receptor, fibronectin attachment protein (FAP), as an important mediator of BCG attachment to fibronectin. In vitro studies showed that a stable BCG/fibronectin interaction was dependent on FAP binding to fibronectin; however, no role for FAP in the attachment of BCG in vivo has been characterized. We now report the cloning of the M. bovis BCG FAP (FAP-B) and demonstrate an important role for FAP in the in vivo attachment of BCG to the bladder wall and in the induction of BCG-mediated antitumor activity. The predicted amino acid sequence for FAP-B shows 61% and 71% homology, respectively, with Mycobacterium avium FAP (FAP-A) and Mycobacterium leprae FAP (FAP-L). Rabbit polyclonal antibodies against Mycobacterium vaccae FAP (FAP-V) reacted with all 3 recombinant FAP proteins on Western blots. Functional studies show FAP-B to bind fibronectin via the highly conserved attachment regions previously identified for FAP-A and FAP-L and also to competitively inhibit attachment of BCG to matrix fibronectin. In vivo studies show FAP to be a necessary protein for the stable attachment of BCG to the bladder wall. Moreover, stable binding of BCG via FAP was shown to be necessary for the expression of BCG-induced antitumor activity. Our results demonstrate a biological role for FAP in the mediation of BCG-induced antitumor activity. PMID:10728599

Zhao, W; Schorey, J S; Bong-Mastek, M; Ritchey, J; Brown, E J; Ratliff, T L

2000-04-01

475

Rocks and Minerals Slide Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive slide show of common rocks and minerals allows students to choose from two sets of minerals and click on a thumbnail to see a larger photograph with a full description of the mineral including color, streak, hardness, cleavage/fracture, and chemical composition. Also included are its use and where it is found. The rocks are divided into igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic and can be accessed in the same manner. They are described on the basis of crystal size and mineral composition as well as use.

476

Children with disrupted attachment histories: Interventions and psychophysiological indices of effects  

PubMed Central

Diagnosis and treatment of children affected by disruptions of attachment (out of home placement, multiple changes of primary caregiver) is an area of considerable controversy. The possible contribution of psychobiological theories is discussed in three parts. The first part relates the attachment theoretical perspective to major psychobiological theories on the developmental associations of parent-child relationships and emotional response. The second part reviews studies of autonomic reactivity and HPA-axis activity with foster children, showing that foster children show more reactivity within physiological systems facilitating fight or flight behaviours rather than social engagement, especially foster children with atypical attachment behaviour. The third part is focused on treatment of children suffering from the consequences of disrupted attachment, based on a psychotherapy study with psychophysiological outcome measures. Implications are discussed for theory, diagnosis, and intervention.

Schuengel, Carlo; Oosterman, Mirjam; Sterkenburg, Paula S

2009-01-01

477

The influence of microscale topography on fibroblast attachment and motility.  

PubMed

The ability of a cell to attach and migrate on a substrate or scaffold is important in the field of tissue engineering and biomaterials, and is thus extensively studied. When considering tissue-engineering applications, a highly porous scaffold is required to guide cell growth and proliferation in three dimensions. However existing scaffolds are less than ideal for actual applications, not only as they lack mechanical strength due to pore size and have regular distribution, but also they do not ensure cell attachment, in-growth and organisation. In this study, microfabrication technology was used to create regular arrays of pits on a two-dimensional quartz surface (7, 15 and 25 microm diameter, 20 and 40 microm spacing). The patterned surface thus exhibited spatially separated mechanical edges akin to the basic structural element of a three-dimensional network, and was used as a model system for studying the effects of substrate microgeometry on fibroblast attachment and motility. Results clearly showed that fibroblast interaction with the pit edges depended on both diameter, and therefore angle of circumference, and inter pit spacing, with the largest diameter permitting cells to enter the pits. Interestingly, the highest cell proliferation rates were recorded on the smaller pits. Such information may provide details on possible pore sizes for use in synthetic tissue engineering scaffolds that aim to support fibroblast in-growth and subsequent proliferation. PMID:15147824

Berry, Catherine C; Campbell, Gordon; Spadiccino, Antonio; Robertson, Mary; Curtis, Adam S G

2004-11-01

478

EB1 Targets to Kinetochores with Attached, Polymerizing Microtubules  

PubMed Central

Microtubule polymerization dynamics at kinetochores is coupled to chromosome movements, but its regulation there is poorly understood. The plus end tracking protein EB1 is required both for regulating microtubule dynamics and for maintaining a euploid genome. To address the role of EB1 in aneuploidy, we visualized its targeting in mitotic PtK1 cells. Fluorescent EB1, which localized to polymerizing ends of astral and spindle microtubules, was used to track their polymerization. EB1 also associated with a subset of attached kinetochores in late prometaphase and metaphase, and rarely in anaphase. Localization occurred in a narrow crescent, concave toward the centromere, consistent with targeting to the microtubule plus end–kinetochore interface. EB1 did not localize to kinetochores lacking attached kinetochore microtubules in prophase or early prometaphase, or upon nocodazole treatment. By time lapse, EB1 specifically targeted to kinetochores moving antipoleward, coupled to microtubule plus end polymerization, and not during plus end depolymerization. It localized independently of spindle bipolarity, the spindle checkpoint, and dynein/dynactin function. EB1 is the first protein whose targeting reflects kinetochore directionality, unlike other plus end tracking proteins that show enhanced kinetochore binding in the absence of microtubules. Our results suggest EB1 may modulate kinetochore microtubule polymerization and/or attachment.

Tirnauer, Jennifer S.; Canman, Julie C.; Salmon, E.D.; Mitchison, Timothy J.

2002-01-01

479

Students' Group and Member Attachment to Their University: A Construct Validity Study of the University Attachment Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the psychometric properties of scores from the University Attachment Scale, a measure that operationalizes group and member attachment as two separate dimensions of attachment to a university. A two-factor model was championed over a one-factor model providing evidence of a distinction between university attachment and member…

France, Megan K.; Finney, Sara J.; Swerdzewski, Peter

2010-01-01

480

A sibling adoption study of adult attachment: The influence of shared environment on attachment states of mind  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends existing research investigating sibling concordance on attachment by examining concordance for adult attachment in a sample of 126 genetically unrelated sibling pairs. The Adult Attachment Interview (George, Kaplan, & Main, 1985; Main, Goldwyn, & Hesse, 2003) was used to assess states of mind with regard to attachment. The average age of the participants was 39 years old.

Kristin Caspers; Rebecca Yucuis; Beth Troutman; Stephan Arndt; Douglas Langbehn

2007-01-01

481

An Exploratory Study of the Association between Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Narratives in Early School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To explore attachment narratives in children diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD). Method: We compared attachment narratives, as measured by the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task, in a group of 33 children with a diagnosis of RAD and 37 comparison children. Results: The relative risk (RR) for children with RAD having…

Minnis, Helen; Green, Jonathan; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Liew, Ashley; Glaser, D.; Taylor, E.; Follan, M.; Young, D.; Barnes, J.; Gillberg, C.; Pelosi, A.; Arthur, J.; Burston, A.; Connolly, B.; Sadiq, F. A.

2009-01-01

482

Attachment in Individuals With Social Anxiety Disorder: The Relationship Among Adult Attachment Styles, Social Anxiety, and Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their apparent implications for social functioning, adult attachment styles have never been specifically explored among persons with social anxiety disorder. In the current study, a cluster analysis of the Revised Adult Attachment Scale (N. L. Collins, 1996) revealed that 118 patients with social anxiety were best represented by anxious and secure attachment style clusters. Members of the anxious attachment

Winnie Eng; Richard G. Heimberg; Trevor A. Hart; Franklin R. Schneier; Michael R. Liebowitz

2001-01-01

483

ATTACHMENT IS ABOUT SAFETY AND PROTECTION, INTERSUBJECTIVITY IS ABOUT SHARING AND SOCIAL UNDERSTANDING: The Relationships Between Attachment and Intersubjectivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between intersubjectivity and attachment are beginning to be explored within the psychoanalytic and developmental literature. We contribute to this comparative effort by exploring the different evolutionary origins of attachment and intersubjectivity. Five interlocking themes are central to this article. First, from an evolutionary perspective, attachment and intersubjectivity serve different functions. The main function of attachment is to seek

Mauricio Cortina; Giovanni Liotti

2010-01-01

484

Mothers of Securely Attached Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Are More Sensitive than Mothers of Insecurely Attached Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the current study we examined the links between maternal sensitivity and children's secure attachment in a sample of 45 preschool-age boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). We hypothesized that mothers of securely attached children would be more sensitive to their children than mothers of insecurely attached children. Children's attachment

Koren-Karie, Nina; Oppenheim, David; Dolev, Smadar; Yirmiya, Nurit

2009-01-01

485

Attachment and God Representations Among Lay Catholics, Priests, and Religious: A Matched Comparison Study Based on the Adult Attachment Interview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the idea that believers' perceived relationships with God develop from their attachment-related experiences with primary caregivers, the authors explored the quality of such experiences and their representations among individuals who differed in likelihood of experiencing a principal attachment to God. Using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), they compared attachment-related experiences and representations in a group of 30 Catholic

Rosalinda Cassibba; Pehr Granqvist; Alessandro Costantini; Sergio Gatto

2008-01-01

486

"Show me" bioethics and politics.  

PubMed

Missouri, the "Show Me State," has become the epicenter of several important national public policy debates, including abortion rights, the right to choose and refuse medical treatment, and, most recently, early stem cell research. In this environment, the Center for Practical Bioethics (formerly, Midwest Bioethics Center) emerged and grew. The Center's role in these "cultural wars" is not to advocate for a particular position but to provide well researched and objective information, perspective, and advocacy for the ethical justification of policy positions; and to serve as a neutral convener and provider of a public forum for discussion. In this article, the Center's work on early stem cell research is a case study through which to argue that not only the Center, but also the field of bioethics has a critical role in the politics of public health policy. PMID:17926217

Christopher, Myra J

2007-10-01

487

Small-scale plasma irregularities produced during electron attachment chemical releases  

SciTech Connect

In situ measurements of small-scale plasma density irregularities made during sounding rocket experiments that released electron attachment materials into the ionosphere are presented. A 2D electrostatic simulation model that includes attachment chemistry is used to study the source and evolution of these irregularities. The simulation shows (1) that large electron flow velocity shears develop on the boundary of the electron depletion and (2) these shears drive a plasma instability that is the likely source of the irregularities.

Scales, W.A.; Bernhardt, P.A.; Ganguli, G.; Siefring, C.L.; Rodriguez, P.

1994-04-01

488

Low-energy electron attachment to chloroform (CHCl 3) molecules: A joint experimental and theoretical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from a joint experimental and theoretical study of electron attachment to chloroform (CHCl3) molecules in the gas phase are reported. In an electron swarm study involving a pulsed Townsend technique with equal gas and electron temperatures, accurate attachment rate coefficients were determined over the temperature range 295–373K; they show an Arrhenius-type rise with increasing temperature, corresponding to an activation

J. Kopyra; I. Szamrej; K. Graupner; L. M. Graham; T. A. Field; P. Sulzer; S. Denifl; T. D. Märk; P. Scheier; I. I. Fabrikant; M. Braun; M.-W. Ruf; H. Hotop

2008-01-01

489

Problem Behaviors in Adolescence: The Opposite Role Played by Insecure Attachment and Commitment Strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we examined the relations between insecure attachment styles, commitment and behavioral problems, focusing on\\u000a the unique and common contribution that avoidant and anxious styles and commitment made to internalizing and externalizing\\u000a problems. 535 adolescents, 267 boys and 268 girls, aged from 16 to 18 years, completed self-report measures of attachment,\\u000a identity and problem behaviors. The data showed that

Ugo Pace; Carla Zappulla

490

Attachment style, anxiety coping, and personality-styles in withdrawn alcohol addicted inpatients  

PubMed Central

Background Insecure early attachment experiences have been reported to play an important role in the manifestation in alcoholism. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of attachment styles with anxiety, anxiety coping and dysfunctional personality styles, as well as with the prevalence of personality disorders, and adverse life-events in adolescence. Methods 59 inpatient alcohol addicted male (n=43) and female (n=16) patients were characterized by an attachment style scale (Relationships-style-questionnaire-RSQ) and completed a questionnaire battery comprising the State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory (STAI), the Anxiety-Coping-Inventory (ABI), Temperament-and-character-inventory (TCI), Personality-system-interaction-inventory (PSI), and gave information on sociodemography, alcohol history, and adolescent adverse events. A structured interview (SKID-II) was performed to diagnose personality disorders. Results Only 33% of subjects had a secure attachment style. Insecure attachment was associated with significantly higher trait-anxiety, higher cognitive avoidance to control anxiety, and higher values on most personality style dimensions directed to the pathological pole. Conclusions Despite the limitation due to a small sample size, the results of this study show that the consideration of attachment styles is of significance in the diagnosis and therapy of alcohol addiction. Attachment may characterize different styles to control emotional aspects, anxiety cues and interpersonal relationships in individuals suffering from alcohol addiction.

2013-01-01

491

Attachment representations in Dutch veterans with and without deployment-related PTSD.  

PubMed

In this study we tested for a protective effect of secure attachment representations in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In a design with a control group, we replicated and extended a recent study that found no underrepresentation of secure attachment representations in veterans with PTSD (Nye, Katzman, Bell, Kilpatrick, Brainard, & Haaland, 2008). Furthermore, we examined the association of the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) classification of unresolved loss or trauma and PTSD symptomatology. The Adult Attachment Interview and the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) were administered with 31 veterans with PTSD and 29 trauma-exposed veterans without PTSD of similar age and country of deployment. Patient and control groups did not differ in the prevalence of secure attachment representations, neither did unresolved and not unresolved subjects differ in prevalence of secure attachment representations. Unresolved state of mind with respect to deployment related trauma was found to correlate strongly with total CAPS score. This study shows no protective effect of secure attachment representations in the development of PTSD. AAI unresolved state of mind with respect to deployment related trauma and PTSD correlate strongly, due to the common core phenomenon of lack of integration. PMID:20183554

Harari, D; Bakermans-Kranenburg, M J; de Kloet, C S; Geuze, E; Vermetten, E; Westenberg, H G M; van IJzendoorn, M H

2009-11-01

492

Enhancing early attachment: Design and pilot study of an intervention for primary health care dyads.  

PubMed

The attachment style of an infant with his caregiver can greatly influence his future development. Many interventions have been proposed to enhance early secure attachment styles, but few have characteristics that make them suitable for primary health care. The objective of the study wasto design a complex intervention for promoting secure attachment in dyads detected in Primary Health Care with altered patterns of attachment styles. The methodology proposed by the UK Medical Research Council was used: (1) theoretical phase: literature review; (2) modelling phase: the main components of the intervention were defined through qualitative research; and (3) exploration phase: pilot study of the preliminary intervention. The attachment style of the dyads was evaluated using the Massie-Campbell scale prior to and four months after the pilot intervention. The preliminary intervention was designed: a group workshop (five to seven dyads, with children aged between 6 and 12 months and two health care professional monitors) structured around various activities that specifically dealt with the skills associated with parental sensitivity and addressed relevant issues to child rearing. The intervention was then tested in a pilot study of 11 dyads in two primary health care centres. The analysis was done with nine dyads (two were lost in the second evaluation), and showed an improvement of 33 per cent in the secure attachment style in the dyads (not statistically significant). An original intervention is designed and proposed for dyads who have early indicators of altered styles of attachment in primary health care. PMID:23162050

Leigh, Francisca Figueroa; Vergara, Victoria Binda; Santelices, María Pía

2012-11-16

493

The development of fibronectin-functionalised hydroxyapatite coatings to improve dermal fibroblast attachment in vitro.  

PubMed

The success of long-term transcutaneous implants depends on dermal attachment to prevent downgrowth of the epithelium and infection. Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings and fibronectin (Fn) have independently been shown to regulate fibroblast activity and improve attachment. In an attempt to enhance this phenomenon we adsorbed Fn onto HA-coated substrates. Our study was designed to test the hypothesis that adsorption of Fn onto HA produces a surface that will increase the attachment of dermal fibroblasts better than HA alone or titanium alloy controls. Iodinated Fn was used to investigate the durability of the protein coating and a bioassay using human dermal fibroblasts was performed to assess the effects of the coating on cell attachment. Cell attachment data were compared with those for HA alone and titanium alloy controls at one, four and 24 hours. Protein attachment peaked within one hour of incubation and the maximum binding efficiency was achieved with an initial droplet of 1000 ng. We showed that after 24 hours one-fifth of the initial Fn coating remained on the substrates, and this resulted in a significant, three-, four-, and sevenfold increase in dermal fibroblast attachment strength compared to uncoated controls at one, four and 24 hours, respectively. PMID:22434476

Pendegrass, C J; El-Husseiny, M; Blunn, G W

2012-04-01

494

Checkpoint-independent stabilization of kinetochore-microtubule attachments by Mad2 in human cells  

PubMed Central

Summary Faithful chromosome segregation is required for cell and organism viability and relies on both the mitotic checkpoint and the machinery that corrects kinetochore-microtubule (k-MT) attachment errors [1–3]. Most solid tumors have aneuploid karyotypes and many mis-segregate chromosomes at high rates in a phenomenon called chromosomal instability (CIN) [4–6]. Mad2 is essential for mitotic checkpoint function and is frequently overexpressed in human tumors that are CIN [1,7–13]. For unknown reasons, cells overexpressing Mad2 display high rates of lagging chromosomes [14,15]. Here, we explore this phenomenon and show that k-MT attachments are hyperstabilized by Mad2 overexpression and that this undermines the efficiency of correction of k-MT attachmenterrors. Mad2 affects k-MT attachment stability independently of the mitotic checkpoint because k-MT attachments are unaltered upon Mad1 depletion and Mad2 overexpression hyperstabilizes k-MT attachments in Mad1-deficient cells. Mad2 mediates these effects with Cdc20 by altering the centromeric localization and activity of Aurora B kinase, a known regulator of k-MT attachment stability. These data reveal a new function for Mad2 to stabilize k-MT attachments independent of the checkpoint and explains why Mad2 overexpression increases chromosome mis-segregation to cause chromosomal instability in human tumors.

Kabeche, Lilian; Compton, Duane A.

2012-01-01

495

Performance of attachments used in implant-supported overdentures: review of trends in the literature  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this review is to examine the performance of attachments used in implant-supported overdenture (IOD) in both clinical and in vitro settings and report the compiled findings, comparisons, and trends in the research literature. Articles published in PubMed on IOD attachment systems and performance were reviewed. Non-original articles were excluded. For each article included, the type of study, number of implants, number of attachment systems, and study outcome were recorded. Of the 283 articles found, 158 met the inclusion criteria. Ninety-four articles were clinical studies and 64 articles were in vitro studies. Studies on retention were the most common for in vitro studies, and four or more attachment systems were compared in most articles with significant differences in outcome. A clinical outcome of one attachment system was most common for clinical studies, while most studies had neutral outcomes overall. Ball attachment was the most commonly tested IOD attachment system. The trend in the literature showed that there is a large discrepancy between the study designs and outcomes between the clinical and the in vitro studies for IOD. Further clinical studies that can validate in vitro research should be encouraged to address this discrepancy between the two areas.

2013-01-01

496

Antenatal Depression and Maternal-Fetal Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In recent years, attention has been turned to maternal mental health in relation to the mother-child relationship accompanying a widening in focus, i.e. taking into account not only the puerperium, but also the stage of pregnancy. This applies to studies that have revealed a connection between depression and maternal attachment in the postpartum period and late pregnancy. This study,

Shuji Honjo; Shiori Arai; Hitoshi Kaneko; Tatsuo Ujiie; Satomi Murase; Haya Sechiyama; Yasuko Sasaki; Chie Hatagaki; Eri Inagaki; Motoko Usui; Kikuko Miwa; Michie Ishihara; Ohiko Hashimoto; Kenji Nomura; Atsuo Itakura; Kayo Inoko

2003-01-01

497

DEVELOPMENT OF MOTHER INFANT ATTACHMENT SCALE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 15 item mother-infant attachment scale was developed. It is a simple, brief and easy to comprehend even by the illiterate rural woman. The split half reliability was found to be 0.83 and there was high internal consistency. It has high face and construct validity. The babies separated for longer period had shown lesser at- tachment subsequently, compared to those

O. N. Bhakoo; Dwarka Pershad; Rama Mahajan; S. K. Gambhir

498

MANURE DECREASES ESCHERICHIA COLI ATTACHMENT TO SOIL  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Attachment of bacteria to soil is an important component of bacterial fate and transport. Escherichia. coli are commonly used as indicators of fecal contamination in the environment. Despite the fact that E. coli are derived exclusively from feces/manure, relatively little is known about the effect...

499

Platinum attachments on iron oxide nanoparticle surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Platinum nanoparticles supported on metal oxide surfaces have shown great potential as heterogeneous catalysts to accelerate electrochemical processes, such as the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Recently, the use of magnetic supports has become a promising research topic for easy separation and recovery of catalysts using magnets, such as Pt nanoparticles supported on iron oxide nanoparticles. The attachment of

Soubantika Palchoudhury; Yaolin Xu; Wei An; C. Heath Turner; Yuping Bao

2010-01-01

500

Ionization and Electron Attachment in Methane  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a number of swarm experiments dealing with ionization in methane, but only one of them has dealt with electron attachment in this gas [1]. We have observed and interpreted direct, well diferentiated ionic avalanches in methane gas obtained from the pulsed Townsend method. The E\\/N range covered was 130 -- 950 Td, at pressures from 80 to

J. de Urquijo; C. A. Arriaga; I. Domínguez; C. Cisneros; I. Alvarez

1996-01-01