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1

LEANTO INTERIOR, LOOKING EAST. Image shows: ladder attached to south ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LEAN-TO INTERIOR, LOOKING EAST. Image shows: ladder attached to south façade, gate separating hay storage from animal pens, and east wall construction. - Boyer Farm, Barn, 711 South Fort Casey Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

2

Page 1 of 7 Attachment to Notice  

E-print Network

(RFS2) and the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS), will increase the minimum use levelsPage 1 of 7 Attachment to Notice 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report ­ Transportation Fuel of a Transportation Committee workshop on transportation fuel infrastructure issues. This provides further details

3

Automatically Attaching Web Pages to an Ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a proposed system for automatically attaching material from the world wide web to concepts in an ontology. The motivation for this research stems from the Diogene project, which requires the project's own databases of learning objects to be augmented with additional resources from the web. Two main approaches to this problem are being taken: one using ontology

Robert Villa; Ruth Wilson; Fabio Crestani

4

INTEGRIN-MEDIATED CELL ATTACHMENT SHOWS TIME-DEPENDENT UPREGULATION OF GAP JUNCTION COMMUNICATION.  

EPA Science Inventory

Integrin-mediated Cell Attachment Shows Time-Dependent Upregulation of Gap Junction Communication Rachel Grindstaff and Carl Blackman, National Health & Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, US EPA, Research Triang...

5

Graphene Films Show Stable Cell Attachment and Biocompatibility with Electrogenic Primary Cardiac Cells  

PubMed Central

Graphene has attracted substantial attention due to its advantageous materialistic applicability. In the present study, we tested the biocompatibility of graphene films synthesized by chemical vapor deposition with electrogenic primary adult cardiac cells (cardiomyocytes) by measuring the cell properties such as cell attachment, survival, contractility and calcium transients. The results show that the graphene films showed stable cell attachment and excellent biocompatibility with the electrogenic cardiomyocytes, suggesting their useful applications for future cell biology studies. PMID:24292978

Kim, Taeyong; Kahng, Yung Ho; Lee, Takhee; Lee, Kwanghee; Kim, Do Han

2013-01-01

6

A.V. Technology Manufacturing Page 1 of 4 PON-11-604 Attachment C  

E-print Network

that contain a Critical Project Review. Add additional rows as necessary. II. Key Name List List key partiesA.V. Technology Manufacturing Page 1 of 4 PON-11-604 Attachment C Attachment C Instructions, there are examples of Technical Tasks to provide guidance in drafting your own. I. Technical Task List Insert

7

Page 1 of 3 2014 Texas 4-H Fashion Show  

E-print Network

OVERVIEW The 4-H Fashion Show is designed to recognize 4-H members who have completed a Clothing, gloves, and scarfs may be changed, but changes must be included on the paperwork. The appropriate garment

8

Page 1 of 3 2014 Texas 4-H Fashion Show  

E-print Network

permission for my child to participate in the Texas 4-H Fashion Show awards program. I certify that I have read the 2014 Clothing and Textiles Packet and that my child's entry complies with the requirements, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U

9

Page 1 of 4 2014 Texas 4-H Fashion Show  

E-print Network

read this form and give permission for my child to participate in the Texas 4-H Fashion Show awards program. I certify that I have read the 2014 Clothing and Textiles Packet and that my child's entry people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A

10

Page 5 of 5 Fig. 9 shows how much switch buffer space is used when  

E-print Network

would be supplemented by large host memories. For this reason credit flow control should scale well. VIPage 5 of 5 Fig. 9 shows how much switch buffer space is used when one TCP sends into a slow link switch memory proportional to the bandwidth-delay product of the links attached to the switch [6

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

11

Page 5 of 5 Fig. 9 shows how much switch buffer space is used when  

E-print Network

would be supplemented by large host memories. For this reason credit flow control should scale well. VIPage 5 of 5 Fig. 9 shows how much switch buffer space is used when one TCP sends into a slow link switch memory proportional to the bandwidth­delay product of the links attached to the switch [6

12

Show me your friends, and I shall show you who you are: the way attachment and social comparisons influence body dissatisfaction.  

PubMed

Women with attachment insecurity have greater eating disorder symptoms and poorer prognosis. Socio-cultural agents, such as peers and family, are predictive of the development of body image dissatisfaction (BID). The present study examines the association of insecure attachment styles and direct and indirect social comparisons of body image to women's BID and drive to thinness. Two hundred and eighty three women aged 18-42?years completed online self-reports concerning attachment styles, body mass index (BMI), drive for thinness, body image satisfaction, the Figure Rating Scale (FRS), as well as a modified FRS comparing self to mother, to sister closest in age and to best friend. Hierarchical Linear Models reveal that anxious-ambivalent, but not avoidant attachment style, along with indirect and direct comparisons to best friend and to sister influence drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction, even after controlling for BMI and age. Of all social comparisons, feeling one's best friend is thinner than yourself is the most detrimental to body ideal. PMID:25257536

Lev-Ari, Lilac; Baumgarten-Katz, Inbar; Zohar, Ada H

2014-11-01

13

Show menu | ScienceDaily home page RSS feeds | Free newsletter Breaking News Updated every 15 minutes (powered by UPI)  

E-print Network

Show menu | ScienceDaily home page RSS feeds | Free newsletter Breaking News Updated every 15 minutes (powered by UPI) All News Top News Business Science Entertainment Sports Quirks Topics Arts by Google Advertise on this site Print this page | Email to friend | Bookmark Related Science News Doctors

Chiao, Jung-Chih

14

Cover Page: Fill out and attach to your manuscript. Paper Number  

E-print Network

will be achievable for the edge: (a) the edge region is 2D­3D instead of 1-1/2D, and (b) the spatial coverage of edge) Length in print (as calculated by form): _______ journal pages Poster P3-51 Re-Construction of Detached modeling, Plasma materials interaction, Plasma properties #12;1 P3-51 Re-construction of detached divertor

Stangeby, P. C.

15

Return this form with attachments via email, fax or mail to: IS-5 Form International Support for Faculty and Staff  

E-print Network

; attached is my approved ESTA travel authorization and the U.S. entry stamp from my passport. I am a J-1 specify category):________________________________ Passport (copies attached*): Biographic data page(s) showing my name, passport number, and current passport expiration date; Passport page showing my most

Almor, Amit

16

10/13/09 5:32 PMQ&A: Dana-Farber's Paul Morrison on Running a Helicos Sequencer in a Core Facility Page 1 of 8http://www.genomeweb.com/print/925657?page=show  

E-print Network

10/13/09 5:32 PMQ&A: Dana-Farber's Paul Morrison on Running a Helicos Sequencer in a Core Facility Page 1 of 8http://www.genomeweb.com/print/925657?page=show Q&A: Dana-Farber's Paul Morrison on Running, Molecular Biology Core Facilities (since 1992), Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Associate director, Molecular

Sliz, Piotr

17

Borrelia miyamotoi infections among wild rodents show age and month independence and correlation with Ixodes persulcatus larval attachment in Hokkaido, Japan.  

PubMed

To clarify how Borrelia miyamotoi is maintained in the environment in Hokkaido, we examined Ixodes persulcatus for its prevalence among wild rodents and its tick vector by detecting a portion of the borrelial flaB gene in rodent urinary bladder and blood samples, and from whole ticks. We compared B. miyamotoi infection rates to Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii, which are human Lyme disease pathogens also carried by wild rodents, and which are transmitted by the same vector tick. Whereas B. garinii and B. afzelii showed age dependence of infection rates among wild rodents (18.4% and 9.9% among adults and 6.0% and 3.4% among sub-adults, respectively) when looking at urinary bladder samples, B. miyamotoi infection rates were not age dependent for either blood (4.2% among adults, and 7.9% among sub-adults) or urinary bladder samples (1.0% among adults, and 1.7% among sub-adults). Moreover, while B. garinii and B. afzelii infection rates showed increases across months (June, July [p<0.05] and August [p<0.01] had higher rates than in May for adult rodents with B. garinii, and July and August had higher rates than in May [p<0.01] for adult rodents with B. afzelii), B. miyamotoi infection rates did not show significant month dependence. These differences in month and age dependence led us to suspect that B. miyamotoi may not develop persistent infections in wild rodents, as B. garinii and B. afzelii are thought to. Furthermore, we examined the extent of rodent exposure to I. persulcatus nymphs and larvae throughout most of the tick's active season (May through September), and determined that B. miyamotoi infection rates in sub-adult rodents were correlated with larval burden (p<0.01), suggesting that larvae may be very important in transmission of B. miyamotoi to wild rodents. PMID:23210636

Taylor, Kyle R; Takano, Ai; Konnai, Satoru; Shimozuru, Michito; Kawabata, Hiroki; Tsubota, Toshio

2013-02-01

18

Identification of TMEM45B as a protein clearly showing thermal aggregation in SDS-PAGE gels and dissection of its amino acid sequence responsible for this aggregation.  

PubMed

SDS-PAGE is one of the most powerful experimental techniques used for the separation of proteins, and most proteins are separated according to their molecular size by this technique. However, exceptional proteins showing abnormal behavior in SDS-PAGE gels are known to exist. Thermal aggregation, rarely observed with membrane proteins, is one of the exceptional behaviors of proteins during SDS-PAGE, but detailed characterization of this aggregation has not yet been achieved. In the present study, we found that a putative membrane protein, TMEM45B, very clearly showed properties of thermal aggregation when it was expressed in COS7 cells and subjected to SDS-PAGE. We dissected the region of TMEM45B responsible for this aggregation, and found that of the seven putative transmembrane domains, a region comprising the 4th to 7th ones was essential for the thermal aggregation properties. We also demonstrated that these transmembrane domains, 4th to 7th, of TMEM45B conferred thermal aggregation properties on other proteins, by fusing this amino acid sequence to target proteins. The molecular mechanism causing thermal aggregation by TMEM45B is still uncertain, but TMEM45B could be utilized as a nice model to show clear thermal aggregation in SDS-PAGE gels. PMID:21277373

Okada, Naoto; Yamamoto, Takenori; Watanabe, Masahiro; Yoshimura, Yuuya; Obana, Eriko; Yamazaki, Naoshi; Kawazoe, Kazuyoshi; Shinohara, Yasuo; Minakuchi, Kazuo

2011-05-01

19

Return this form with attachments via email, fax or mail to: IS-4 Form International Support for Faculty and Staff  

E-print Network

Employment Authorization Card (Form I-766). Passport data: If I am in B, J or F status, I am attaching showing my name, passport number, and current passport expiration date; · Passport page showing my most recent U.S. Immigration entry stamp; · U.S. Visa page from passport showing B, J or F visa. (Note

Almor, Amit

20

This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPad. To log into the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS App, tap "Sign In" in the top left corner.  

E-print Network

iPad App iPad App This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPad. Login To log into the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS App, tap "Sign In" in the top left corner. In the Sign "Sign In". Page 1 of 17 #12;iPad App Page 2 of 17 #12;iPad App View Panopto Sessions You can view all

Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

21

/ www.sciencexpress.org /8 December 2011 / Page 1 / 10.1126/science.1210361 Honeybee swarms and complex brains show many  

E-print Network

/ www.sciencexpress.org /8 December 2011 / Page 1 / 10.1126/science.1210361 Honeybee swarms process of a honeybee swarm choosing a nest site. Honeybee swarms are produced in the spring when several' collective decision-making process. Honeybees possess an inhibitory signal, the stop signal, which is known

22

This is 's of . To show your matches, we have used the snapshot of this page that we took as we crawled the  

E-print Network

pages or their content. These search terms have been highlighted: aeron chair : :Home Personal Care Bag Keyboards Workstations Home Care Center Air Cleaners Air Conditioners Dehumidifiers Full Spectrum Light Humidifiers Water Filtration Kitchen Comfort Coffee and Tea Grills Krups Toaster Ovens Mattresses

Pugh, Bill

23

This is 's of . To show your matches, we have used the snapshot of this page that we took as we crawled the  

E-print Network

of cached pages or their content. These search terms have been highlighted: aeron chair : :Home Personal Bag Keyboards Workstations Home Care Center Air Cleaners Air Conditioners Dehumidifiers Full Spectrum Light Humidifiers Water Filtration Kitchen Comfort Coffee and Tea Grills Krups Toaster Ovens Mattresses

Pugh, Bill

24

13/06/2008 18:49MediaGlobal Blog Archive Study shows malaria parasites can adapt to harsh conditions* Page 1 of 2http://mediaglobal.org/index.php/2008/06/10/study-shows-malaria-parasites-can-adapt-to-harsh-conditions/  

E-print Network

13/06/2008 18:49MediaGlobal » Blog Archive » Study shows malaria parasites can adapt to harsh conditions* Page 1 of 2http://mediaglobal.org/index.php/2008/06/10/study-shows-malaria Disease Hunger Search » Study shows malaria parasites can adapt to harsh conditions By Shipra Prakash 10

Gardner, Andy

25

An attachment perspective on psychopathology  

PubMed Central

In recent years, attachment theory, which was originally formulated to describe and explain infant-parent emotional bonding, has been applied to the study of adolescent and adult romantic relationships and then to the study of psychological processes, such as interpersonal functioning, emotion regulation, coping with stress, and mental health. In this paper, we offer a brief overview of the attachment perspective on psychopathology. Following a brief account of attachment theory, we go on to explain how the study of individual differences in adult attachment intersects with the study of psychopathology. Specifically, we review research findings showing that attachment insecurity is a major contributor to mental disorders, and that the enhancement of attachment security can facilitate amelioration of psychopathology. PMID:22294997

MIKULINCER, MARIO; SHAVER, PHILIP R.

2012-01-01

26

Magic Show  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a concentration in theatre, I created a magic show from scratch. Over the course of the semester, I researched both the effects (more commonly known as magic tricks) in a variety of styles, especially mentalism, along with the patter, or script, that is integral in making a good effect into something utterly amazing. I chose a certain set of

Zachary Brass

2012-01-01

27

Results of assessments by year of cohort The following pages show the results of the assessments carried out over the six-year period of the  

E-print Network

ways, always comparing the inter-cohort analysis. Box and whisker plots The first is a box and whisker generated using the Comparative Statistics package that comes in Analyse-It, an Excel add-on. Box-plots and parametric statistics The first table below the box-plot chart shows the data used to draw the box-plots

Bradbeer, Robin Sarah

28

R/V Agassiz Float Plan (Page 1 of 3) Note: Fill out this online form, save it on your computer, and email it as an attachment to  

E-print Network

R/V Agassiz Float Plan (Page 1 of 3) Note: Fill out this online form, save it on your computer. It is the responsibility of the Chief Scientist or the Captain to file and close a float plan for each date of use. Telephone Michigan Tech's Department of Public Safety and Police Services at 487- 2216 to close the float

29

11/26/12 4:27 PMCoal mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. -Slate Magazine Page 1 of 4http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/coal/2012/11/coal_mine_fossils_paleontology_shows_us_past_climate_change.single.html  

E-print Network

11/26/12 4:27 PMCoal mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. - Slate Magazine Page 1 of 4http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/coal/2012/11/coal_mine by Michael Loccisano/Getty Images. Mining for Gigantic Fossil Snakes The most valuable thing in a coal mine

Montañez, Isabel Patricia

30

7/7/08 13:30WALL*E and the Future of Robots in Space (Jul. 7, 2008) -Planetary Radio | The Planetary Society Page 1 of 1http://www.planetary.org/radio/show/00000296/  

E-print Network

7/7/08 13:30WALL*E and the Future of Robots in Space (Jul. 7, 2008) - Planetary Radio | The Planetary Society Page 1 of 1http://www.planetary.org/radio/show/00000296/ PLANETARY RADIO WALL*E AND THE FUTURE OF ROBOTS IN SPACE Airdate: Monday, July 7, 2008 Running Time: 00:28:52 Listen: Windows Media | MP

Arizona, University of

31

Attitudinal Ambivalence Toward Parents and Attachment Style  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies tested whether children's attitudinal ambivalence toward their parents is related to their attachment styles within relationships. Across both studies, children who were ambivalent toward their father were less securely attached in their relation- ships than were children who were nonambivalent toward their father. Study 1 also showed that the relation between attitudinal ambivalence and secure attachment in relationships

Gregory R. Maio; Frank D. Fincham; Emma J. Lycett

2000-01-01

32

Race\\/ethnicity, homeownership, and neighborhood attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the importance of neighborhood attachment and its key determinants among urban residents. Particular emphasis in this study has been placed on race\\/ethnicity and homeownership as the critical predictors of neighborhood attachment. Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods in 1995, the findings showed that urban blacks are less attached to their neighborhoods and

Joong-Hwan Oh

2004-01-01

33

Zn(II) coordination polymer of an in situ generated 4-pyridyl (4Py) attached bis(amido)phosphate ligand, [PO2(NH4Py)2]- showing preferential water uptake over aliphatic alcohols.  

PubMed

Two polymorphic 2D-coordination polymers of composition [ZnL(HCO2)]? were synthesized from an in situ generated ligand [PO2(NH(4)Py)2](-) (L(-)). The ligand L(-) was generated by a facile metal-assisted P-N bond hydrolysis reaction from the corresponding phosphonium salt 1, [P(NH(4)Py)4]Cl, or from the neutral phosphoric triamide 2, [PO(NH(4)Py)3]. The de-solvated sample of the polymer [ZnL(HCO2)]? features polar micropores and shows a type I isotherm for CO2 sorption whereas a type II behaviour was observed for N2. The vapour sorption isotherm of the de-solvated sample of [ZnL(HCO2)]? shows preferential adsorption of water vapour over aliphatic alcohols. PMID:23793097

Gupta, Arvind K; Nagarkar, Sanjog S; Boomishankar, Ramamoorthy

2013-08-14

34

Paternal Attachment, Parenting Beliefs and Children's Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between fathers' romantic attachment style, parenting beliefs and father-child attachment security and dependence were examined in a diverse sample of 72 fathers of young children. Paternal romantic attachment style was coded based on fathers' endorsement of a particular style represented in the Hazan and Shaver Three-Category…

Howard, Kimberly S.

2010-01-01

35

The Diane Rehm Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Diane Rehm Show has its origins in a mid-day program at WAMU in Washington, D.C. Diane Rehm came on to host the program in 1979, and in 1984 it was renamed "The Diane Rehm Show". Over the past several decades, Rehm has played host to hundreds of guests, include Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Julie Andrews, and President Bill Clinton. This website contains an archive of her past programs, and visitors can use the interactive calendar to look through past shows. Those visitors looking for specific topics can use the "Topics" list on the left-hand side of the page, or also take advantage of the search engine. The show has a number of social networking links, including a Facebook page and a Twitter feed.

36

CROSSING OVER NEAR THE SPINDLE ATTACHMENT OF THE DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE PROBLEM A study of crossing over in triploid females of Drosophila melanogaster (BEADLE 1934) with two of the X chromosomes attached showed that crossing over near the spindle attachment is higher between the two attached chromosomes than between either of the attached chromosomes and the free chromosome. In more distal regions (beyond forked) the chromosomes were found to be

G. W. BEADLE

37

Attachment in romantic relationships and somatization.  

PubMed

Adult attachment representations have been considered to play a role in the development and treatment of somatizing behavior. In this study, the associations between the two attachment dimensions avoidance and anxiety and dimensions of psychopathology (somatization, depression, and general anxiety) were explored. The sample consists of 202 outpatients diagnosed with a somatoform disorder. Data were collected via self-report measures. A path analysis shows that the two attachment dimensions are not directly associated with somatization. There are, however, significant indirect associations between attachment and somatization mediated by depression and general anxiety, which are more pronounced for attachment anxiety than for attachment avoidance. The findings reveal that a low level of attachment security in romantic relationships, especially an anxious stance toward the partner, comes along with poor mental health, which in turn is related to a preoccupation with somatic complaints. Implications for the treatment of somatizing patients are discussed. PMID:25594785

Neumann, Eva; Sattel, Heribert; Gündel, Harald; Henningsen, Peter; Kruse, Johannes

2015-02-01

38

What Do Blood Tests Show?  

MedlinePLUS

... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Do Blood Tests Show? Blood tests show whether the levels ... changes may work best. Result Ranges for Common Blood Tests This section presents the result ranges for ...

39

Surface plasmon resonance shows that type IV pili are  

E-print Network

REPORT Surface plasmon resonance shows that type IV pili are important in surface attachment. Here, using the surface analytical technique, surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we follow the attachment; pili; surface plasmon resonance; biofilm formation 1. INTRODUCTION Bacterial attachment is a critical

Buckling, Angus

40

ATTACHMENT A-2 Project Cover Page  

E-print Network

(s): Engine/OEM Manufacturer Partner: Project Title (not to exceed 10 words): Project Description (brief. GVWR is: OR Off-road vehicle technology with an engine rating of 50 horsepower or greater and the vehicle uses more than 500 gasoline or diesel gallon equivalents per year. I certify that the prototype

41

Page 1 of 2 Attachment G  

E-print Network

. No residences within ¼ mile; Site 2: 321 Beach Street, San Francisco, CA, Existing gasoline/diesel fueling of data PROJECT-GENERATED EMISSIONS Provide a quantified description of the air emissions (criteria, for this solicitation, please provide a description of any new equipment being installed and the emissions directly

42

Special Attachments. Module 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on special attachments, one in a series dealing with industrial sewing machines, their attachments, and operation, covers four topics: gauges; cording attachment; zipper foot; and hemming, shirring, and binding. For each topic these components are provided: an introduction, directions, an objective, learning activities, student…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

43

Electron attachment to PSCl3.  

PubMed

Electron attachment to PSCl3 was studied in 133-Pa pressure of helium gas at temperatures from 298-550 K. Measurements of rate constants and branching fractions were made in a flowing-afterglow Langmuir-probe (FALP) apparatus. These experiments yielded an electron attachment rate constant of 5.1 x 10(-8) cm3 s(-1) that was found not to change significantly in the 298-550 K temperature range. This rate constant represents an attachment efficiency of about 14%. Attachment in 133 Pa of He gas yielded only the dissociative ion products PSCl2- and Cl-. The FALP data suggest that there is an activation energy of about 17 meV for production of PSCl2-. Attachment to PSCl3 was also studied at high pressure (9-93 kPa) of N2 in an ion mobility mass spectrometer, at 298 K. In contrast to the low-pressure data, the parent anion product channel (PSCl3-) was observed (along with the dissociative channels), and increased in importance with N2 pressure. Gaussian-3 (G3) calculations were carried out for PSCl3 and PSCl2 neutrals and anions to aid in interpretation of the experimental results. The calculations indicate that the electron affinity EA(PSCl2) is slightly smaller than EA(Cl), which may account for the observed branching fractions for PSCl2- and Cl- in the low-pressure experiments. A natural population analysis was performed to obtain the charges associated with each atom in the molecules in order to estimate how the attached electron is distributed. Comparison is made between the present study of electron attachment to PSCl3 and our earlier work on attachment to POCl3, and G3 calculations are reported here for neutral and anionic POCl2 and POCl3. In contrast to PSCl2, the calculations imply that EA(POCl2) is slightly greater than EA(Cl). For both PSCl3 and POCl3, the calculations show that the dissociative electron attachment process is close to thermoneutral. PMID:15267279

Knighton, W B; Miller, Thomas M; Grimsrud, E P; Viggiano, A A

2004-01-01

44

Electron attachment to PSCl3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electron attachment to PSCl3 was studied in 133-Pa pressure of helium gas at temperatures from 298-550 K. Measurements of rate constants and branching fractions were made in a flowing-afterglow Langmuir-probe (FALP) apparatus. These experiments yielded an electron attachment rate constant of 5.1×10-8cm3 s-1 that was found not to change significantly in the 298-550 K temperature range. This rate constant represents an attachment efficiency of about 14%. Attachment in 133 Pa of He gas yielded only the dissociative ion products PSCl2- and Cl-. The FALP data suggest that there is an activation energy of about 17 meV for production of PSCl2-. Attachment to PSCl3 was also studied at high pressure (9-93 kPa) of N2 in an ion mobility mass spectrometer, at 298 K. In contrast to the low-pressure data, the parent anion product channel (PSCl3-) was observed (along with the dissociative channels), and increased in importance with N2 pressure. Gaussian-3 (G3) calculations were carried out for PSCl3 and PSCl2 neutrals and anions to aid in interpretation of the experimental results. The calculations indicate that the electron affinity EA(PSCl2) is slightly smaller than EA(Cl), which may account for the observed branching fractions for PSCl2- and Cl- in the low-pressure experiments. A natural population analysis was performed to obtain the charges associated with each atom in the molecules in order to estimate how the attached electron is distributed. Comparison is made between the present study of electron attachment to PSCl3 and our earlier work on attachment to POCl3, and G3 calculations are reported here for neutral and anionic POCl2 and POCl3. In contrast to PSCl2, the calculations imply that EA(POCl2) is slightly greater than EA(Cl). For both PSCl3 and POCl3, the calculations show that the dissociative electron attachment process is close to thermoneutral.

Knighton, W. B.; Miller, Thomas M.; Grimsrud, E. P.; Viggiano, A. A.

2004-01-01

45

The reversibility of virus attachment to mineral surfaces  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Virus transport through groundwater is limited by attachment to mineral surfaces and inactivation. Current virus transport models do not consider the implications of the reversibility of virus attachment to minerals. To explore the reversibility of virus attachment to mineral surfaces, we attached PRD1, a bacteriophage considered to be a good model of enteric viruses, to quartz and ferric oxyhydroxide-coated quartz surfaces over a range of pH values in equilibrium 'static columns'. Following attachment, we detached the viruses by replacing the pore solution with solutions of equal and higher pH. The extent of virus attachment followed an attachment 'edge' that occurred at a pH value about 2.5-3.5 pH units above the pH(IEP) of the mineral surfaces. Viruses attached below this edge were irreversibly attached until the pH of the detachment solution exceeded the pH value of the attachment edge. Viruses attached above this edge were reversibly attached. Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DEVO) potential energy calculations showed that the attachment edge occurred at the pH at which the potential energy of the primary minimum was near zero, implying that the position of the primary minimum (attractive or repulsive) controlled the equilibrium distribution of the viruses. The results suggest that the reversibility of virus attachment must be considered in virus transport models for accurate predictions of virus travel time.

Loveland, J.P.; Ryan, J.N.; Amy, G.L.; Harvey, R.W.

1996-01-01

46

The role of attachment avoidance in extradyadic sex  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of the present research were to examine the relationship between attachment and extradyadic sex and to investigate a mediator of this relationship. Study 1 showed that attachment avoidance was positively associated with extradyadic sex, while attachment anxiety was unrelated to it. These results were maintained after controlling for sexual satisfaction, sexual desire, gender, and age. Study 2 replicated

Genevieve Beaulieu-Pelletier; Frederick L. Philippe; Serge Lecours; Stéphanie Couture

2011-01-01

47

Predictors of child molestation: adult attachment, cognitive distortions, and empathy.  

PubMed

A conceptual model derived from attachment theory was tested by examining adult attachment style, cognitive distortions, and both general and victim empathy in a sample of 61 paroled child molesters and 51 community controls. Results of logistic multiple regression showed that attachment anxiety, cognitive distortions, high general empathy but low victim empathy significantly increased the odds of child molester status. Findings supported theoretically based hypotheses, suggesting that attachment theory may be useful in the conceptualization and treatment of child molesters. PMID:18162640

Wood, Eric; Riggs, Shelley

2008-02-01

48

Breast cancer screening: The role of attachment.  

PubMed

Attachment style is the dispositional way in which a person relates to others, and differences in attachment characteristics may offer insight into why many women do not adhere to breast screening guidelines. While mammograms involve contact with medical professionals, breast self-examination (BSE) does not, and may be preferable for women who dislike interpersonal vulnerability. As such, differences in the attachment characteristics that predict mammography versus BSE utilisation may indicate whether attachment related motivations are relevant to both interpersonal examinations and independent self-care behaviours. The current report examined how attachment dimensions predicted the frequency of mammography and BSE in a sample of 1204 ethnically diverse women from Brooklyn, New York. Participants completed measures of mammography and BSE frequency, and attachment, together with demographic, health care context and emotional predictors of screening. Multiple regressions showed that attachment dimensions predicted both mammography and BSE screening even when controlling for established predictors and emotion relevant variables. As hypothesised, fearful avoidance predicted fewer mammograms and BSEs, while preoccupation predicted more frequent BSEs. Consistent with some prior work in male cancer screening, greater attachment security also predicted fewer mammograms while degree of dismissiveness was not associated with screening frequencies. Understanding the psychosocial predictors of screening may help identify low screeners, and guide the development of targeted interventions that are better suited to the interpersonal preferences of older women. PMID:25192017

Tuck, Natalie L; Consedine, Nathan S

2015-06-01

49

PAIN SCALES (ATTACHMENT A)  

E-print Network

PAIN SCALES (ATTACHMENT A) 0-10 NUMERIC PAIN INTENSITY SCALE 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NO PAIN MODERATE WORST PAIN PAIN #12;PAIN SCALES (ATTACHMENT A) FLACC PAIN SCALE The FLACC is a behavioral pain assessment scale for use in non-verbal patients unable to provide numeric reports of pain. SCORING Categories

Oliver, Douglas L.

50

Attachment Theory and Mindfulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We initiate a dialog between two central areas in the field of psychology today: attachment theory/research and mindfulness studies. The impact of the early mother-infant relationship on child development has been well established in the literature, with attachment theorists having focused on the correlation between a mother's capacity for…

Snyder, Rose; Shapiro, Shauna; Treleaven, David

2012-01-01

51

Attachment over time.  

PubMed

Continuity in attachment classification from infancy to late adolescence was examined and related to autobiographical memories of childhood, divorce, and maladjustment. Eighty-four White middle-class children (48 girls) were seen in a modified Strange Situation at 12 months and given the Adult Attachment Interview at 18 years. In addition, data were collected on 13-year-olds' childhood recollections as well as adolescent, mother, and teacher ratings of maladjustment at 13 and 18 years of age. Divorce status of parents also was obtained. Results indicated no continuity in attachment classification from 1 to 18 years of age and no relation between infant attachment status and adolescent maladjustment. Divorce was related to 13-year-olds' childhood recollections as well as to insecure attachment status at 18 years. Eighteen-year-olds with insecure attachment classification were more likely to rate themselves as maladjusted. The results support the idea of attachment as an evolving representation dependent upon the nature of the family environment as indexed by divorce. PMID:10953938

Lewis, M; Feiring, C; Rosenthal, S

2000-01-01

52

JAMA Patient Page: Head Lice  

MedlinePLUS

JAMA PATIENT PAGE Head Lice Removal of nits Louse on scalp Nits are tightly attached to strands of hair Lice are free and ... tiny insects that infest the hair on your head, as well as the eyebrows and eyelashes. Tiny ...

53

Covalent attachment of polymersomes to surfaces.  

PubMed

We show that vesicles made of block copolymers with aldehyde end groups can be covalently attached to aminated and non-aminated, untreated glass surfaces. The attached vesicles were sufficiently stable to allow a detailed investigation of vesicle shapes by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and AFM in aqueous solutions allowing reconstruction of 3D images of the vesicle structure. Covalently attached PCL-PEO, PLA-PEO, and PI-PEO block copolymer vesicles have different footprint areas and different shapes due to their differences in bilayer stiffness. PMID:20355708

Domes, Stephanie; Filiz, Volkan; Nitsche, Jasmin; Frömsdorf, Andreas; Förster, Stephan

2010-05-18

54

More Dangerous Ebola Strain Unlikely, Study Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. More Dangerous Ebola Strain Unlikely, Study Shows Researchers compared virus samples ... 2015) Thursday, March 26, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Page Ebola THURSDAY, March 26, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Ebola likely ...

55

Ebola Drug Shows Promise in Monkey Trial  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Ebola Drug Shows Promise in Monkey Trial Experimental medicine ... Mozes Tuesday, February 10, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Page Ebola TUESDAY, Feb. 10, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An investigational ...

56

Emergence of tempered preferential attachment from optimization  

PubMed Central

We show how preferential attachment can emerge in an optimization framework, resolving a long-standing theoretical controversy. We also show that the preferential attachment model so obtained has two novel features, saturation and viability, which have natural interpretations in the underlying network and lead to a power-law degree distribution with exponential cutoff. Moreover, we consider a generalized version of this preferential attachment model with independent saturation and viability, leading to a broader class of power laws again with exponential cutoff. We present a collection of empirical observations from social, biological, physical, and technological networks, for which such degree distributions give excellent fits. We suggest that, in general, optimization models that give rise to preferential attachment with saturation and viability effects form a good starting point for the analysis of many networks. PMID:17395721

D'Souza, Raissa M.; Borgs, Christian; Chayes, Jennifer T.; Berger, Noam; Kleinberg, Robert D.

2007-01-01

57

24/03/2011 16:13New insight into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/430277.php  

E-print Network

24/03/2011 16:13New insight into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies Page 1 of 2 Entertainment Health Science Bollywood Celebs Geekwerks New insight into parasite's reproduction paves way for new therapies From ANI Washington, March 17: A recent study has shed light on how parasite that causes

Gardner, Andy

58

Schizophrenics 'show new mutations' -Health News -NHS Choices http://www.nhs.uk/news/2011/08August/Pages/sporadic-genetic-mutation-schizophrenia.aspx[8/9/2011 10:05:12 AM  

E-print Network

/08August/Pages/sporadic-genetic-mutation-schizophrenia.aspx[8/9/2011 10:05:12 AM] Categories All Headlines Monday August 8 2011 Schizophrenia can affect those without a family history of it "Scientists say they have `fundamentally transformed' the understanding of the genetics of schizophrenia," BBC News has

59

Alveolar attachments in emphysema of human lungs.  

PubMed

We have studied alveolar attachments to membranous bronchioles in 41 patients enrolled in the National Institutes of Health Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing Trial who died, came to autopsy, and provided adequate tissue for examination. The patients had moderate to severe chronic airflow obstruction and, on the average, severe emphysema. We measured the number of normal attachments per membranous bronchiole per case (N), the number of normal attachments per mm of circumference per bronchiole per case (Nunit), and the ratio of abnormal to all attachments (R). All measurements correlated closely to all measurements of emphysema and to irregular shape of bronchioles (deformity index). Measurement of abnormal attachments correlated with abnormal tests of pulmonary function, including evidence of airflow obstruction and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO). Nunit showed the most frequent correlations, but both N and Nunit were only related independently of emphysema for Phase III of the single-breath nitrogen test. R was related to loss of DLCO. We conclude that loss of attachments is not itself a cause of airflow obstruction but rather a correlate of emphysema, which is the proximate cause of the obstruction. Loss of alveolar attachments has an effect only on the single-breath nitrogen tests independent of emphysema. PMID:1928967

Nagai, A; Yamawaki, I; Takizawa, T; Thurlbeck, W M

1991-10-01

60

Attachment Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Over the last 20 years, attachment theory has fostered considerable theoretical writing and research, with the vast majority\\u000a of studies concentrating initially on infancy and early childhood. Both Bowlby (1980) and Ainsworth (1989) maintain, however, that attachment processes are relevant to personality functioning across the lifespan, including the successful\\u000a attainment of autonomy and the establishment of close intimate relationships beyond

Maureen E. Kenny; Catherine E. Barton

61

ATTACHMENT DISORGANIZATION: The Reunion of Attachment Theory and Psychoanalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author investigates the psychoanalytic implications of recent attachment research on the disorganized attachment category in infants and the unresolved for trauma and loss adult attachment classification with which it has been associated. The author first reviews empirical findings on attachment disorganization and then explores the ways in which they are consistent with and illuminated by psychoanalytic concepts. The focus

Diana Diamond

2004-01-01

62

Clinical Implications of Attachment Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the clinical implications of attachment theory are the ideas of the therapist as a secure base, internalization of a secure base, and feeling understood as an aspect of secure attachment. I also discuss some issues that need to be integrated into attachment theory, namely, survivor guilt and loyalty to early objects, and the relation between attachment pattern and oedipal

Morris Eagle

2003-01-01

63

Attachment and Women's Faith Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the relationship between human attachment and God attachment, particularly in Christian women's experiences of faith. It is based on the attachment perspective as a conceptual framework. The main aim was to evolve an attachment-theoretical approach to women's faith development and to offer a complementary path to interpret…

Joung, Eun Sim

2006-01-01

64

Attachment, skin deep? Relationships between adult attachment and skin barrier recovery  

PubMed Central

This study examined the relationship between individual differences in adult attachment and skin barrier recovery. Dating couples (N = 34) completed a self-report measure of attachment anxiety and avoidance, and during two separate laboratory visits, normal skin barrier function was disrupted using a tape-stripping procedure, followed by a 20 min discussion of personal concerns in one visit and relationship problems in the other, counterbalanced randomly across visits. Skin barrier recovery was assessed by measuring transepidermal water loss up to 2 h after skin disruption. Multilevel modeling showed that skin barrier recovery did not differ between the personal concern or relationship problem discussions. Among women, greater attachment anxiety predicted faster skin barrier recovery across the two visits, while greater attachment avoidance predicted slower skin barrier recovery. Among men, greater attachment anxiety predicted slower skin barrier recovery during the personal concern discussion only. The observed effects remained significant after controlling for transepidermal water loss in undisturbed skin, suggesting that the relationship between attachment security and skin barrier recovery was not due to other skin-related factors like sweating. Cortisol changes, self-reported emotions, stress appraisals, and supportiveness ratings were tested as potential mediators, and none explained the relationships between attachment and skin barrier recovery. These findings are the first to demonstrate associations between individual differences in attachment style and restorative biological processes in the skin, even in a sample of young dating couples in satisfied relationships. PMID:22546664

Robles, Theodore F.; Brooks, Kathryn P.; Kane, Heidi S.; Schetter, Christine Dunkel

2012-01-01

65

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a pair of recessed portions thereon. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings have a pair of grooves therein in which are positioned a pair of pins having a generally rectangular cross-section and a reaction surface thereon. A pair of cylindrical rollers interposed respective ones of the pair of reaction surfaces and the pair of recessed portions. The attachment system or turbine assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective attachment of a component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion to a component having a greater preestablished rate of thermal expansion.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA)

1994-01-01

66

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a pair of recessed portions thereon. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings have a pair of grooves therein in which are positioned a pair of pins having a generally rectangular cross-section and a reaction surface thereon. A pair of cylindrical rollers interposed respective ones of the pair of reaction surfaces and the pair of recessed portions. The attachment system or turbine assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective attachment of a component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion to a component having a greater preestablished rate of thermal expansion. 3 figures.

Boyd, G.L.

1994-12-13

67

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOEpatents

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly.

Makowiecki, Daniel M. (Livermore, CA); McKernan, Mark A. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01

68

Ladder attachment platform  

SciTech Connect

A ladder attachment platform is provided that includes a base for attachment to a ladder that has first and second side rails and a plurality of rungs that extend between in a lateral direction. Also included is a user platform for having a user stand thereon that is carried by the base. The user platform may be positioned with respect to the ladder so that it is not located between a first plane that extends through the first side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction and a second plane that extends through the second side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction.

Swygert,; Richard, W [Springfield, SC

2012-08-28

69

Internal pipe attachment mechanism  

DOEpatents

An attachment mechanism is described for repairing or extending fluid carrying pipes, casings, conduits, etc. utilizing one-way motion of spring tempered fingers to provide a mechanical connection between the attachment mechanism and the pipe. The spring tempered fingers flex to permit insertion into a pipe to a desired insertion depth. The mechanical connection is accomplished by reversing the insertion motion and the mechanical leverage in the fingers forces them outwardly against the inner wall of the pipe. A seal is generated by crushing a sealing assembly by the action of setting the mechanical connection. 6 figures.

Bast, R.M.; Chesnut, D.A.; Henning, C.D.; Lennon, J.P.; Pastrnak, J.W.; Smith, J.A.

1994-12-13

70

Internal pipe attachment mechanism  

DOEpatents

An attachment mechanism for repairing or extending fluid carrying pipes, casings, conduits, etc. utilizing one-way motion of spring tempered fingers to provide a mechanical connection between the attachment mechanism and the pipe. The spring tempered fingers flex to permit insertion into a pipe to a desired insertion depth. The mechanical connection is accomplished by reversing the insertion motion and the mechanical leverage in the fingers forces them outwardly against the inner wall of the pipe. A seal is generated by crushing a sealing assembly by the action of setting the mechanical connection.

Bast, Richard M. (Livermore, CA); Chesnut, Dwayne A. (Pleasanton, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Lennon, Joseph P. (Livermore, CA); Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Smith, Joseph A. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01

71

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOEpatents

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.

Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.

1994-02-15

72

Community Nurses' View of General Practice Attachment  

PubMed Central

An analysis of 98 health visitors and district nurses attached and non-attached to general practitioners in three local authority areas showed that most of them were aged over 40 and that many had entered domiciliary work because of the convenient hours or because of its intangible attractions. Adequate preparation for attachment was considered important, particularly a clear definition of the roles of the attached staff and their relationships to other workers in the practice. Attached staff were found to be much more satisfied with the information given by the general practitioner about their patients than were unattached staff, and the former usually had access to the patients' medical records. The principal advantages of attachment were listed as access to family history; improved co-ordination within the practice and co-operation with the social services; favourable patient response; and increased mileage and work-load; the impossibility of crossing local authority boundaries; and having to deal with families registered with more than one doctor. PMID:5803696

Walker, J. H.; McClure, L. M.

1969-01-01

73

This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPhone. To log in to the iOS app, swipe the screen to the right or click the menu button in the top left corner,  

E-print Network

of 17 #12;iPhone app Page 6 of 17 #12;iPhone app Viewer Overview Playing a session will stream the MP4iPhone app iPhone app This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPhone. Login To log in to the iOS app, swipe the screen to the right or click the menu button

Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

74

Preferred Attachment in Affiliation Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vertices of an affiliation network are linked to attributes and two vertices are declared adjacent whenever they share a common attribute. For example, two customers of an internet shop (or video-sharing website) are called adjacent if they have purchased (or downloaded) the same or similar items. Assuming that each newly arrived customer is linked preferentially to already popular items we obtain a preferred attachment affiliation network that evolves in time. We show that the fraction of customers having neighbours scales as for large . Here is the ratio between the two intensities: intensity of the flow of customers and that of the newly arriving items.

Bloznelis, Mindaugas; Götze, Friedrich

2014-08-01

75

February 2010 Attachment 2  

E-print Network

February 2010 Attachment 2 Research Subaward Agreement Prime Award Terms and Conditions NIST (15 CFR Part 296), which are available at nist.gov/tip/helpful-resources.cfm>. 3. DOC Financial Assistance Rules, 15 CFR Part 14, as amended and available at nist

Magee, Joseph W.

76

Neurobiology of social attachments.  

PubMed

Many types of social attachments can be observed in nature. We discuss the neurobiology of two types (1) intraspecific (with a partner) and (2) parental (with the offspring). Stimuli related to copulation facilitate the first, whereas pregnancy, parturition and lactation facilitate the second. Both types develop as consequence of cohabitation. These events seem to stimulate similar neural pathways that increase (1) social recognition, (2) motivation, reward; and (3) decrease fear/anxiety. Subregions of the amygdala and cortex facilitate social recognition and also disinhibition to decrease rejection responses. The interrelationship between MeA, BNST, LS may mediate the activation of NAcc via the mPOA to increase motivation and reward. Cortical areas such as the ACC discriminate between stimuli. The interaction between OT and D2-type receptors in NAcc shell facilitates intraspecific attachment, but D1-type appears to facilitate parental attachment. This difference may be important for maternal females to direct their attention, motivation and expression of attachment toward the appropriate target. PMID:24769402

Coria-Avila, Genaro A; Manzo, Jorge; Garcia, Luis I; Carrillo, Porfirio; Miquel, Marta; Pfaus, James G

2014-06-01

77

Attachment and Personality Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personality disorders (PDs) arise from core psychopathology of interpersonal relationships and understanding of self and others. The distorted representations of self and others, as well as unhealthy relationships that characterize persons with various PDs, indicate the possibility that persons with PDs have insecure attachment. Insecure…

Sinha, Preeti; Sharan, Pratap

2007-01-01

78

Adult attachment styles and the psychological response to infant bereavement  

PubMed Central

Background Based on Bowlby's attachment theory, Bartholomew proposed a four-category attachment typology by which individuals judged themselves and adult relationships. This explanatory model has since been used to help explain the risk of psychiatric comorbidity. Objective The current study aimed to identify attachment typologies based on Bartholomew's attachment styles in a sample of bereaved parents on dimensions of closeness/dependency and anxiety. In addition, it sought to assess the relationship between the resultant attachment typology with a range of psychological trauma variables. Method The current study was based on a sample of 445 bereaved parents who had experienced either peri- or post-natal death of an infant. Adult attachment was assessed using the Revised Adult Attachment Scale (RAAS) while reaction to trauma was assessed using the Trauma Symptom Checklist (TSC). A latent profile analysis was conducted on scores from the RAAS closeness/dependency and anxiety subscales to ascertain if there were underlying homogeneous attachment classes. Emergent classes were used to determine if these were significantly different in terms of mean scores on TSC scales. Results A four-class solution was considered the optimal based on fit statistics and interpretability of the results. Classes were labelled “Fearful,” “Preoccupied,” “Dismissing,” and “Secure.” Females were almost eight times more likely than males to be members of the fearful attachment class. This class evidenced the highest scores across all TSC scales while the secure class showed the lowest scores. Conclusions The results are consistent with Bartholomew's four-category attachment styles with classes representing secure, fearful, preoccupied, and dismissing types. While the loss of an infant is a devastating experience for any parent, securely attached individuals showed the lowest levels of psychopathology compared to fearful, preoccupied, or dismissing attachment styles. This may suggest that a secure attachment style is protective against trauma-related psychological distress. PMID:24839541

Shevlin, Mark; Boyda, David; Elklit, Ask; Murphy, Siobhan

2014-01-01

79

Can prenatal teaching promote maternal attachment? Practicing nurses test Carter?Jessop's prenatal attachment intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study testing the Carter?Jessop prenatal attachment intervention was conducted by practicing public health nurses to determine if teaching fetal palpation and massage during the third trimester of pregnancy would show a relationship to maternal attachment behaviors postpartum. The sample consisted of 69 primiparas and multi?paras from a low?income, multi?ethnic population. Unlike Carter?Jessop's findings, no significant relationships were found between

Kathy Carson; Susan Virden

1984-01-01

80

Building D interior, looking south showing same stone wall as ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Building D interior, looking south showing same stone wall as it attaches to the east wall of Building D - Hinckley Knitting Mills, Building D, 21-35 East Wister Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

81

9. MAIN (WEST) ELEVATION, DETAIL OF DOORWAY, SHOWING FRONTISPIECE OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. MAIN (WEST) ELEVATION, DETAIL OF DOORWAY, SHOWING FRONTISPIECE OF COMPOSITE ATTACHED COLUMNS, SWAN'S NECK PEDIMENT WITH PINEAPPLE, EGG-AND-DART RELIEF AROUND ARCH - Mt. Harmon Plantation at World's End, Earleville, Cecil County, MD

82

Attachment: Children's rights and needs.  

E-print Network

Attachment: Children's rights and needs. Swansea 2013 PARTICIPATION TRUDY ASPINWALL PROGRAMME OFFICER - SAVE THE CHILDREN WALES T. ASPINWALL@SAVETHECHILDREN.ORG.UK #12;Attachment and the realisation ­ crucial for children's well being and emotional and social development (Bowlby) ·Through

Harman, Neal.A.

83

Structure, attachment properties, and ecological importance of the attachment system of English ivy (Hedera helix)  

PubMed Central

Root climbers such as English ivy (Hedera helix) rely on specialized adventitious roots for attachment, enabling the plants to climb on a wide range of natural and artificial substrates. Despite their importance for the climbing habit, the biomechanical properties of these specialized adventitious roots compared with standard roots and their performance in the attachment to different host species or inert substrates have not been studied. Here organs and tissues involved in the attachment are characterized and their significance in regard to a broader functional and ecological aspect is discussed. Depending on the substrate, the root clusters show different types of failure modes at various frequencies, demonstrating the close interaction between the climber and its substrates. With a Young’s Modulus of 109.2?MPa, the attachment roots are relatively stiff for non-woody roots. The central cylinders of the attachment roots show a high tensile strength of 38?MPa and a very high extensibility of 34%. In host trees naturally co-distributed with English ivy, a ‘balanced’ occurrence of failure of the attachment system of the climber and the bark of the host is found, suggesting a co-evolution of climber and host. Maximum loads of root clusters normalized by the number of roots match those of individually tested attachment roots. In comparison with most subterranean roots the properties and structure of the attachment roots of English ivy show distinct differences. There exist similarities to the properties found for roots of Galium aparine, suggesting a trend in not fully self-supporting plants towards a higher extensibility. PMID:21914660

Melzer, Björn; Seidel, Robin; Steinbrecher, Tina; Speck, Thomas

2012-01-01

84

Attachment Security, Compassion, and Altruism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretically, people who have the benefits of secure social attachments should find it easier to perceive and respond to other people's suffering, compared with those who have insecure attachments. This is because compassionate reactions are products of what has been called the caregiving behavioral system, the optimal functioning of which depends on its not being inhibited by attachment insecurity (the

Mario Mikulincer; Phillip R. Shaver

2005-01-01

85

Flagellar generated flow mediates attachment of Giardia Lamblia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Giardia lamblia is a protozoan parasite responsible for widespread diarrheal disease in humans and animals worldwide. Attachment to the host intestinal mucosa and resistance to peristalsis is necessary for establishing infection, but the physical basis for this attachment is poorly understood. We report results from confocal fluorescence microscopy that demonstrate that the regular beating of the posterior flagella generate a flow through the ventral disk, a suction-cup shaped structure that is against the substrate during attachment. Finite element simulations show that the negative pressure generated by the flow is consistent with the measured force of attachement between the parasite and its substrate.

Picou, Theodore; Polackwich, Jamie; Burrola Gabilondo, Beatriz; McAllister, Ryan; Powers, Tom; Elmendorf, Heidi; Urbach, Jeff

2011-11-01

86

Turbine nozzle attachment system  

DOEpatents

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes a pair of legs extending radially outwardly from an outer shroud and a pair of mounting legs extending radially inwardly from an inner shroud. Each of the pair of legs and mounting legs have a pair of holes therein. A plurality of members attached to the gas turbine engine have a plurality of bores therein which axially align with corresponding ones of the pair of holes in the legs. A plurality of pins are positioned within the corresponding holes and bores radially positioning the nozzle guide vane assembly about a central axis of the gas turbine engine.

Norton, Paul F. (San Diego, CA); Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

87

Turbine nozzle attachment system  

DOEpatents

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and is attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes a pair of legs extending radially outwardly from an outer shroud and a pair of mounting legs extending radially inwardly from an inner shroud. Each of the pair of legs and mounting legs have a pair of holes therein. A plurality of members attached to the gas turbine engine have a plurality of bores therein which axially align with corresponding ones of the pair of holes in the legs. A plurality of pins are positioned within the corresponding holes and bores radially positioning the nozzle guide vane assembly about a central axis of the gas turbine engine. 3 figs.

Norton, P.F.; Shaffer, J.E.

1995-10-24

88

Attachment and time preference  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates hypotheses drawn from two sources: (1) Belsky, Steinberg, and Draper’s (1991) attachment theory model\\u000a of the development of reproductive strategies, and (2) recent life history models and comparative data suggesting that environmental\\u000a risk and uncertainty may be potent determinants of the optimal tradeoff between current and future reproduction. A retrospective,\\u000a self-report study of 136 American university women

James S. Chisholm

1999-01-01

89

Breastfeeding, Sensitivity, and Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE.Our goal was to test the hypothesis that breastfeeding is associated with enhanced infant-mother attachment and its antecedent maternal sensitivity. METHODS.Breastfeeding intent and practice were assessed by questionnaires admin- istered to 152 mothers between 32 weeks of gestation and 12 months postpartum. Early maternal sensitivity was measured by the Sensitivity to Cues subscale of the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training

John R. Britton; Helen L. Britton; Virginia Gronwaldt

2010-01-01

90

FAS Attache Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the US Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), this daily updated database of attache reports on the agricultural situation and agricultural trade in other countries currently contains nearly 12,500 reports. Dating from 1995 to the present, the reports cover individual countries (almost 130), specific commodities and products, and trade policy. Users may search the database by commodity, country, subject, and AGR number. Searches may be further modified by date.

United States. Foreign Agricultural Service.

91

Attachment models in incarcerated sex offenders: a preliminary Italian study using the adult attachment interview.  

PubMed

A group of sex offenders (clinical group: n = 19) was compared to a nonclinical sample matched by age, years of education, and gender (control group A: n = 19) to verify a higher incidence of insecure attachment models among sex offenders. In addition, we tested whether sex offenders were characterized by specific childhood experiences, compared to control adults (control group B: n = 19) with the same secure/insecure attachment classification. Results showed significant differences between offenders and control adults on both the AAI continuous score and the distribution of the two-way attachment classifications. Furthermore, sex offenders reported more intense experiences of rejection by the father figure and abuse in the family context during early childhood compared to not offenders subjects with the same attachment classification. PMID:25382061

Grattagliano, Ignazio; Cassibba, Rosalinda; Costantini, Alessandro; Laquale, Giovanni Michele; Latrofa, Alessandra; Papagna, Sonia; Sette, Giovanna; Taurino, Alessandro; Terlizzi, Maria

2015-01-01

92

Homemade Laser Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With a laser pointer and some household items, learners can create their own laser light show. They can explore diffuse reflection, refraction and diffraction. The webpage includes a video which shows how to set up the activity and also includes scientific explanation. Because this activity involves lasers, it requires adult supervision.

Children's Museum of Houston

2011-01-01

93

Surface-attachment sequence in Vibrio Cholerae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vibrio cholerae is a gram-negative bacterium that causes the human disease cholera. It is found natively in brackish costal waters in temperate climates, where it attaches to the surfaces of a variety of different aquatic life. V. cholerae has a single polar flagellum making it highly motile, as well as a number of different pili types, enabling it to attach to both biotic and abiotic surfaces. Using in-house built tracking software we track all surface-attaching bacteria from high-speed movies to examine the early-time attachment profile of v. cholerae onto a smooth glass surface. Similar to previous work,footnotetextLauga, E., DiLuzio, W. R., Whitesides, G. M., Stone, H. A. Biophys. J. 90, 400 (2006). we observe right-handed circular swimming trajectories near surfaces; however, in addition we see a host of distinct motility mechanisms that enable rapid exploration of the surface before forming a more permanent attachment. Using isogenic mutants we show that the motility mechanisms observed are due to a complex combination of hydrodynamics and pili-surface interactions.

Utada, Andrew; Gibiansky, Maxsim; Wong, Gerard

2013-03-01

94

Producing Turkeys for Show  

E-print Network

. Use top-quality feeds. 4. Follow recommended management practices during the entire brooding and growing period. 5. Cull birds closely and select the show entry properly. Purchasing Poults Most youth livestock shows have rules and regulations governing... with an approved worm- ing compound. a73 Check turkeys monthly for parasites. Pay particular attention to skin around the vent area. Control external para- sites (lice, mites, etc.) with applications of Sevin ? dust. a73 Fire ants can cause skin blisters and must...

Thornberry, Fredrick D.

2005-12-14

95

Professional Caretakers as Attachment Figures in Day Care Centers for Children with Intellectual Disability and Behavior Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do children with intellectual disabilities (ID) show attachment behavior towards their professional caretaker? Five children, varying in chronological age, developmental age and DSM-diagnosis, were observed in a day care setting. Their attachment behavior was described by means of the Attachment Q-sort. Attachment behavior varied within and…

De Schipper, J. Clasien; Stolk, Joop; Schuengel, Carlo

2006-01-01

96

Attachment anxiety is related to Epstein-Barr virus latency.  

PubMed

Attachment theory provides a framework for understanding individual differences in chronic interpersonal stress. Attachment anxiety, a type of relationship insecurity characterized by worry about rejection and abandonment, is a chronic interpersonal stressor. Stress impacts cellular immunity, including herpesvirus reactivation. We investigated whether attachment anxiety was related to the expression of a latent herpesvirus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), when individuals were being tested for breast or colon cancer and approximately 1 year later. Participants (N=183) completed a standard attachment questionnaire and provided blood to assess EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG antibody titers. Individuals with more attachment anxiety had higher EBV VCA IgG antibody titers than those with less attachment anxiety. The strength of the association between attachment anxiety and antibody titers was the same at both assessments. This study is the first to show an association between latent herpesvirus reactivation and attachment anxiety. Because elevated herpesvirus antibody titers reflect poorer cellular immune system control over the latent virus, these data suggest that high attachment anxiety is associated with cellular immune dysregulation. PMID:24945717

Fagundes, Christopher P; Jaremka, Lisa M; Glaser, Ronald; Alfano, Catherine M; Povoski, Stephen P; Lipari, Adele M; Agnese, Doreen M; Yee, Lisa D; Carson, William E; Farrar, William B; Malarkey, William B; Chen, Min; Kiecolt-Glaser, Janice K

2014-10-01

97

Attached sunspace design analysis  

SciTech Connect

An introduction to new design analysis information for attached sunspaces is presented. The 28 sunspace reference designs are described. Note is taken of those designs (the semi-enclosed geometries) analyzed more recently than the previously published reports. The role of sensitivity studies is discussed, and some sample plots of sunspace performance sensitivity to key design parameters are presented. The monthly solar load ratio (SLR) correlations are reviewed with emphasis on the modified SLR used in the sunspace analysis. The application of the sunspace SLR correlations to monthly design analysis is outlined.

Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.

1981-01-01

98

Showing What They Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having students show their skills in three dimensions, known as performance-based assessment, dates back at least to Socrates. Individual schools such as Barrington High School--located just outside of Providence--have been requiring students to actively demonstrate their knowledge for years. The Rhode Island's high school graduating class became…

Cech, Scott J.

2008-01-01

99

Demonstration Road Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Idaho State University Department of Physics conducts science demonstration shows at S. E. Idaho schools. Four different presentations are currently available; "Forces and Motion", "States of Matter", "Electricity and Magnetism", and "Sound and Waves". Information provided includes descriptions of the material and links to other resources.

Shropshire, Steven

2009-04-06

100

Hide / Show Animal Ethics  

E-print Network

the Ethics Secretariat for information on Animal Ethics Courses available at UNSW. All new added personnelHide / Show Animal Ethics Modification for Approved Application New personnel or updated role since last approval New person nominated since last approval You are here: Animal Ethics Application

New South Wales, University of

101

Stage a Water Show  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the author's book titled "The Incredible Water Show," the characters from "Miss Alaineus: A Vocabulary Disaster" used an ocean of information to stage an inventive performance about the water cycle. In this article, the author relates how she turned the story into hands-on science teaching for real-life fifth-grade students. The author also…

Frasier, Debra

2008-01-01

102

What Do Maps Show?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum packet, appropriate for grades 4-8, features a teaching poster which shows different types of maps (different views of Salt Lake City, Utah), as well as three reproducible maps and reproducible activity sheets which complement the maps. The poster provides teacher background, including step-by-step lesson plans for four geography…

Geological Survey (Dept. of Interior), Reston, VA.

103

The Ozone Show.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a talk show activity for a final assessment tool for students to debate about the ozone hole. Students are assessed on five areas: (1) cooperative learning; (2) the written component; (3) content; (4) self-evaluation; and (5) peer evaluation. (SAH)

Mathieu, Aaron

2000-01-01

104

Show Me the Way  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because today's students have grown up steeped in video games and the Internet, most of them expect feedback, and usually gratification, very soon after they expend effort on a task. Teachers can get quick feedback to students by showing them videotapes of their learning performances. The author, a 3rd grade teacher describes how the seemingly…

Dicks, Matthew J.

2005-01-01

105

Show-Me Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Come along as the folks at the University of Missouri show you the history of their college days through the Show Me magazine. It's a wonderful collection of college humor published from 1946 to 1963. First-time visitors would do well to read about the magazine's colorful past, courtesy of Jerry Smith. A good place to start is the November 1920 issue (easily found when you browse by date), which contains a number of parody advertisements along with some doggerels poking good natured fun at the football team and an assortment of deans. Also, it's worth noting that visitors can scroll through issues and save them to an online "bookbag" for later use.

2008-01-01

106

Page 1 of 4 2014 Texas 4-H Fashion Show  

E-print Network

: ___________________________________________________ Date Signed:__________ I have read this form and give permission for my child to participate and that my child's entry complies with the requirements. Signature of Parent people without regard to race, color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin. The Texas A

107

Keeping Show Pigs Healthy  

E-print Network

within a well-managed farm ? Vaccinating to prevent serious diseases ? Deworming the pigs routinely ? Having sick pigs promptly diagnosed and treated ? Using prescribed drugs properly Starting with healthy PigS To prevent disease outbreaks in show... of disease problems. Antibiotics are totally ineffective in preventing common viral diseases such as transmissible gas- troenteritis and swine influenza. Also, vaccines are not available for all swine diseases and must be giv- en long before the pigs...

Lawhorn, D. Bruce

2006-10-13

108

Viewing television talk shows  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined how motivation, audience activity, and attitudes influenced the likelihood of watching societal?issue and relational topics on television talk programs. Path analysis supported differences in ritualized and instrumental motives for watching talk shows. Information and exciting?entertainment motivation predicted greater’ realism of, affinity with, involvement with, and intent to watch talk television. Pass?time motivation predicted reduced affinity with and intent

Alan M. Rubin; Mary M. Step

1997-01-01

109

Mars Slide Show  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

15 September 2006 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows a landslide that occurred off of a steep slope in Tithonium Chasma, part of the vast Valles Marineris trough system.

Location near: 4.8oS, 84.6oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: upper left Season: Southern Autumn

2006-01-01

110

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine flange having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine flange includes a first upstanding flange and a second upstanding flange having a groove formed between them. The turbine flange further includes a recess. Each of the first and second upstanding flanges have a plurality of bores therein. A turbine blade has a first member and a second member positioned in one of the groove and the recess. Each of the first member and the second member have a plurality of bores therein. A pin is positioned in respective ones of the plurality of bores in the first and second upstanding members and the first and second members and attach the blade to the turbine flange. The pin has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being substantially equal to the rate of thermal expansion of the blade. 4 figs.

Frey, G.A.; Jimenez, O.D.

1996-12-03

111

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine flange having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine flange includes a first upstanding flange and a second upstanding flange having a groove formed therebetween. The turbine flange further includes a recess. Each of the first and second upstanding flanges have a plurality of bores therein. A turbine blade has a first member and a second member positioned in one of the groove and the recess. Each of the first member and the second member have a plurality of bores therein. And, a pin is positioned in respective ones of the plurality of bores in the first and second upstanding members and the first and second members and attach the blade to the turbine flange. The pin has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being substantially equal to the rate of thermal expansion of the blade.

Frey, deceased, Gary A. (late of Poway, CA); Jimenez, Oscar D. (Escondia, CA)

1996-01-01

112

Demographic Characteristics and Motives of Individuals Viewing Reality Dating Shows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, the number of television dating shows has increased exponentially from 2 to over 28 during the period of 2000 to 2002. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic variables, personality characteristics, and attachment styles of individuals who view television dating shows. Furthermore, motives for viewing television dating shows and viewers' responses to the

Jonathan W. Roberti

2007-01-01

113

American History Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

Ms. Bennion

2009-11-23

114

Solar Light Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the last few days, the Earth has been buffeted by a geomagnetic storm caused by a major solar flare. In addition to disruptions in radio, telecommunications, and electric service, the flare may also produce a dramatic light show as it peaks tonight. Weather permitting, the aurora borealis, or northern lights, may be visible as far south as Washington, D.C. The best viewing time will be local midnight. The sun is currently at the peak of its eleven-year solar cycle, spawning flares and "coronal mass ejections" (CME), violent outbursts of gas from the sun's corona that can carry up to 10 billion tons of electrified gas traveling at speeds as high as 2000 km/s. Geomagnetic storms result when solar winds compress the magnetosphere, sometimes interfering with electric power transmission and satellites, but also creating beautiful aurorae, as many stargazers hope will occur tonight.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

115

Show-Me Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Show-Me Center, located at the University of Missouri, is a math education project of the National Science Foundation. The center's Web site "provides information and resources needed to support selection and implementation of standards-based middle grades mathematic curricula." There are some sample lesson plans offered, but most of the material is solely for use by teachers. Five different middle grade math curriculums were started in 1992, and now, the implementation and results of each curriculum are presented on this site. Teachers can examine each one, view video clips, and read case studies and other reports to choose which parts of the curriculums would fit best into their own classes.

116

Soft solder die attach in small outline discrete packages for both reliability and cost breakthrough  

Microsoft Academic Search

The automotive requirements have quite many challenges regarding semiconductors reliability performance, and there was no escape for small outline discrete packages. Some epoxy die attached discrete devices could not pass MSL requirements due to die attach separation, even with leadframe surface treatment and all other solutions. The brainstorming results showed soft solder die attach would be the most probable solution.

M. S. Amiruddin; C. E. Tan; P. Dhanapalan

2009-01-01

117

Normative Trends in Children's Perceptions of Availability and Utilization of Attachment Figures in Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies addressed the normative aspects of attachments to mothers and fathers in middle childhood. Using both cross-sectional and longitudinal comparisons, we tested the hypothesis that children show no changes in perceptions of availability of attachment figures across the later middle childhood years, but do utilize attachment figures less…

Kerns, Kathryn A.; Tomich, Patricia L.; Kim, Patricia

2006-01-01

118

Disorganised attachment indicates child maltreatment: how is this link useful for child protection social workers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the indicative link between disorganised attachment and child maltreatment in the context of child protection social work in England. Attachment researchers are showing an increasing interest in the concept of disorganised attachment but there is also a growing interest as to how child protection social workers can more reliably detect child maltreatment by developing their knowledge of

David Wilkins

2011-01-01

119

Development of an Attachment-Informed Measure of Sexual Behavior in Late Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is considerable interest in relations between sexual behavior and romantic attachment styles in adolescence as attachment needs are increasingly met through intimate partners rather than parents. The objectives of this research were to organize a measure of sexual behavior within an attachment theory framework, and then show that this new…

Szielasko, Alicia L.; Symons, Douglas K.; Price, E. Lisa

2013-01-01

120

Beyond Broken Bonds and Broken Hearts: The Bonding of Theories of Attachment and Grief  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory describes the establishment and long-term impact of infants' early relationships. Theories of grief and mourning have acknowledged that the disruption of attachment bonds is loss and grief, but the attachment literature shows little development toward a conceptual linkage with these theories. The connection is important given the current discussion of whether bonds with the deceased are broken or

Illene C. Noppe

2000-01-01

121

Exhibit A, Attachment A-1 Exhibit A Attachment A-1  

E-print Network

be achieved ­ new option ­ do 1 AND 2 below: 1. HERS II California Energy Audit and install all audit to be more cost effective than PVs up to 10% savings Provide rebates/financing for HERS II Energy1 Exhibit A, Attachment A-1 Exhibit A Attachment A-1 Elements of Energy Upgrade California Program

122

08/23/2007 09:59 PMInterstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life on Earth Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/167969.php/Interstellar-dust-clouds-may-have-sown-seeds-of-life-on-Earth  

E-print Network

08/23/2007 09:59 PMInterstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life on Earth Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/167969.php/Interstellar-dust-clouds-may-have-sown-seeds-of-life-on-Earth www.rare-earth-magnets.com Ads Earth Space Earth Surface Earth Day Earth Facts Interstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life

Glaser, Rainer

123

Attachment and adolescent depression: the impact of early attachment experiences.  

PubMed

Bowlby's (1969/1982) ideas of attachment as an interactional system provide the basis for an understanding of the development of adaptive and maladaptive working models of the self and other. More specifically, attachment theory can offer an in-depth understanding into the development of a depressotypic self-schema. Attachment theory is set alongside research into adolescent depression in order to illustrate the importance of the primary attachment relationship in protecting adolescents in our society from developing depressive symptomatology. Therefore, current research in adolescent depression is viewed through the lens of attachment theory. This view is complemented by an exploration of the role of culture in the production of gender differences in depression. Thus, a tripartite model of adolescent depression, including the individual, family relationships, and socio-cultural factors is offered as being of potential value for clinicians and researchers in this area. PMID:16332584

Shaw, Samantha K; Dallos, Rudi

2005-12-01

124

Public medical shows.  

PubMed

In the second half of the 19th century, Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) became famous for the quality of his teaching and his innovative neurological discoveries, bringing many French and foreign students to Paris. A hunger for recognition, together with progressive and anticlerical ideals, led Charcot to invite writers, journalists, and politicians to his lessons, during which he presented the results of his work on hysteria. These events became public performances, for which physicians and patients were transformed into actors. Major newspapers ran accounts of these consultations, more like theatrical shows in some respects. The resultant enthusiasm prompted other physicians in Paris and throughout France to try and imitate them. We will compare the form and substance of Charcot's lessons with those given by Jules-Bernard Luys (1828-1897), Victor Dumontpallier (1826-1899), Ambroise-Auguste Liébault (1823-1904), Hippolyte Bernheim (1840-1919), Joseph Grasset (1849-1918), and Albert Pitres (1848-1928). We will also note their impact on contemporary cinema and theatre. PMID:25273491

Walusinski, Olivier

2014-01-01

125

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine disc having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade and forms a turbine assembly. The turbine blade has a root portion defining a pair of sides having a pair of grooves therein. The turbine assembly includes a pair of flanges between which the turbine blades are positioned. Each of the pair of flanges has a plurality of grooves defined therein. The grooves within the pair of flanges are aligned with the grooves in the blades and have a space formed therebetween. A plurality of spherical balls are positioned within the space. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. 4 figs.

Shaffer, J.E.

1995-07-11

126

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine disc having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade and forms a turbine assembly. The turbine blade has a root portion defining a pair of sides having a pair of grooves therein. The turbine assembly includes a pair of flanges between which the turbine blades are positioned. Each of the pair of flanges has a plurality of grooves defined therein. The grooves within the pair of flanges are aligned with the grooves in the blades and have a space formed therebetween. A plurality of spherical balls are positioned within the space. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

127

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a first groove and a second groove therein. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings has a first groove and a second groove therein. The space or void formed between the first grooves and the second grooves has a plurality of spherical balls positioned therein. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

128

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a first groove and a second groove therein. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings has a first groove and a second groove therein. The space or void formed between the first grooves and the second grooves has a plurality of spherical balls positioned therein. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. 4 figures.

Shaffer, J.E.

1995-01-10

129

The Great Cometary Show  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer, which allows astronomers to scrutinise objects with a precision equivalent to that of a 130-m telescope, is proving itself an unequalled success every day. One of the latest instruments installed, AMBER, has led to a flurry of scientific results, an anthology of which is being published this week as special features in the research journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. ESO PR Photo 06a/07 ESO PR Photo 06a/07 The AMBER Instrument "With its unique capabilities, the VLT Interferometer (VLTI) has created itself a niche in which it provide answers to many astronomical questions, from the shape of stars, to discs around stars, to the surroundings of the supermassive black holes in active galaxies," says Jorge Melnick (ESO), the VLT Project Scientist. The VLTI has led to 55 scientific papers already and is in fact producing more than half of the interferometric results worldwide. "With the capability of AMBER to combine up to three of the 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescopes, we can really achieve what nobody else can do," added Fabien Malbet, from the LAOG (France) and the AMBER Project Scientist. Eleven articles will appear this week in Astronomy & Astrophysics' special AMBER section. Three of them describe the unique instrument, while the other eight reveal completely new results about the early and late stages in the life of stars. ESO PR Photo 06b/07 ESO PR Photo 06b/07 The Inner Winds of Eta Carinae The first results presented in this issue cover various fields of stellar and circumstellar physics. Two papers deal with very young solar-like stars, offering new information about the geometry of the surrounding discs and associated outflowing winds. Other articles are devoted to the study of hot active stars of particular interest: Alpha Arae, Kappa Canis Majoris, and CPD -57o2874. They provide new, precise information about their rotating gas envelopes. An important new result concerns the enigmatic object Eta Carinae. Using AMBER with its high spatial and spectral resolution, it was possible to zoom into the very heart of this very massive star. In this innermost region, the observations are dominated by the extremely dense stellar wind that totally obscures the underlying central star. The AMBER observations show that this dense stellar wind is not spherically symmetric, but exhibits a clearly elongated structure. Overall, the AMBER observations confirm that the extremely high mass loss of Eta Carinae's massive central star is non-spherical and much stronger along the poles than in the equatorial plane. This is in agreement with theoretical models that predict such an enhanced polar mass-loss in the case of rapidly rotating stars. ESO PR Photo 06c/07 ESO PR Photo 06c/07 RS Ophiuchi in Outburst Several papers from this special feature focus on the later stages in a star's life. One looks at the binary system Gamma 2 Velorum, which contains the closest example of a star known as a Wolf-Rayet. A single AMBER observation allowed the astronomers to separate the spectra of the two components, offering new insights in the modeling of Wolf-Rayet stars, but made it also possible to measure the separation between the two stars. This led to a new determination of the distance of the system, showing that previous estimates were incorrect. The observations also revealed information on the region where the winds from the two stars collide. The famous binary system RS Ophiuchi, an example of a recurrent nova, was observed just 5 days after it was discovered to be in outburst on 12 February 2006, an event that has been expected for 21 years. AMBER was able to detect the extension of the expanding nova emission. These observations show a complex geometry and kinematics, far from the simple interpretation of a spherical fireball in extension. AMBER has detected a high velocity jet probably perpendicular to the orbital plane of the binary system, and allowed a precise and careful study of the wind and the shockwave coming from the nova. The stream of results from the VLTI and AMBER

2007-01-01

130

Chlorine stress mediates microbial surface attachment in drinking water systems.  

PubMed

Microbial attachment to drinking water pipe surfaces facilitates pathogen survival and deteriorates disinfection performance, directly threatening the safety of drinking water. Notwithstanding that the formation of biofilm has been studied for decades, the underlying mechanisms for the origins of microbial surface attachment in biofilm development in drinking water pipelines remain largely elusive. We combined experimental and mathematical methods to investigate the role of environmental stress-mediated cell motility on microbial surface attachment in chlorination-stressed drinking water distribution systems. Results show that at low levels of disinfectant (0.0-1.0 mg/L), the presence of chlorine promotes initiation of microbial surface attachment, while higher amounts of disinfectant (>1.0 mg/L) inhibit microbial attachment. The proposed mathematical model further demonstrates that chlorination stress (0.0-5.0 mg/L)-mediated microbial cell motility regulates the frequency of cell-wall collision and thereby controls initial microbial surface attachment. The results reveal that transport processes and decay patterns of chlorine in drinking water pipelines regulate microbial cell motility and, thus, control initial surface cell attachment. It provides a mechanistic understanding of microbial attachment shaped by environmental disinfection stress and leads to new insights into microbial safety protocols in water distribution systems. PMID:25359474

Liu, Li; Le, Yang; Jin, Juliang; Zhou, Yuliang; Chen, Guowei

2015-03-01

131

Stretched View Showing 'Victoria'  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

[figure removed for brevity, see original site] Stretched View Showing 'Victoria'

This pair of images from the panoramic camera on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity served as initial confirmation that the two-year-old rover is within sight of 'Victoria Crater,' which it has been approaching for more than a year. Engineers on the rover team were unsure whether Opportunity would make it as far as Victoria, but scientists hoped for the chance to study such a large crater with their roving geologist. Victoria Crater is 800 meters (nearly half a mile) in diameter, about six times wider than 'Endurance Crater,' where Opportunity spent several months in 2004 examining rock layers affected by ancient water.

When scientists using orbital data calculated that they should be able to detect Victoria's rim in rover images, they scrutinized frames taken in the direction of the crater by the panoramic camera. To positively characterize the subtle horizon profile of the crater and some of the features leading up to it, researchers created a vertically-stretched image (top) from a mosaic of regular frames from the panoramic camera (bottom), taken on Opportunity's 804th Martian day (April 29, 2006).

The stretched image makes mild nearby dunes look like more threatening peaks, but that is only a result of the exaggerated vertical dimension. This vertical stretch technique was first applied to Viking Lander 2 panoramas by Philip Stooke, of the University of Western Ontario, Canada, to help locate the lander with respect to orbiter images. Vertically stretching the image allows features to be more readily identified by the Mars Exploration Rover science team.

The bright white dot near the horizon to the right of center (barely visible without labeling or zoom-in) is thought to be a light-toned outcrop on the far wall of the crater, suggesting that the rover can see over the low rim of Victoria. In figure 1, the northeast and southeast rims are labeled in bright green. Finally, the light purple lines and arrow highlight a small crater.

2006-01-01

132

ATTACHMENT 1 PON APPLICATION FORM  

E-print Network

ATTACHMENT 1 PON APPLICATION FORM This document provides the Energy Commission with basic, have you complied? Yes (if so, provide documentation in application) No #12;ATTACHMENT 1 PON the terms and conditions contained in this PON package, including the provisions of the Agreement Terms

133

Competition-Induced Preferential Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models based on preferential attachment have had much success in reproducing the power law degree distributions which seem ubiquitous in both natural and engineered systems. Here, rather than assuming preferential attachment, we give an explanation of how it can arise from a more basic underlying mechanism of competition between opposing forces. We introduce a family of one-dimensional geometric growth models,

Noam Berger; Christian Borgs; Jennifer T. Chayes; R. M. D'souza; Robert D. Kleinberg

2004-01-01

134

Please attach a passport sized  

E-print Network

Please attach a passport sized photograph The Centre for Musculoskeletal Studies, School of Surgery all attachments: A passport sized photograph A Curriculum Vitae and Statement of purpose to study copiesofdiploma/degreecertificates* Certified copiesofPassport(Photopage)orBirthCertificate* Evidence of current

Tobar, Michael

135

Page 1 of 4 STUDENT COMPLETES THIS FIRST PAGE.  

E-print Network

__Female (Family name as in passport) (Given name as in passport) (Second given, or middle name, if any, as in passport) 3. Present Mailing Address. Attach a *copy of the passport pages with the passport number, expiration date of passport, and the *U

Brinkmann, Peter

136

Associations among Relational Maintenance Behaviors, Attachment-Style Categories, and Attachment Dimensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simon and Baxter (1993) demonstrated that secure individuals report using more assurances and romance to maintain their romantic relationships than do dismissive individuals. The present study extends Simon and Baxter's work by investigating a wider range of prosocial maintenance behaviors as well as two key dimensions underlying attachment style—anxiety and avoidance. Results from 189 couples who completed questionnaires showed that

Laura K. Guerrero; Guy F. Bachman

2006-01-01

137

Transference and attachment: how do attachment patterns get carried forward from one relationship to the next?  

PubMed

This research investigated how working models of attachment are carried forward from one relationship to the next. A two-part study was conducted in which participants learned about two potential dating partners: one that was constructed to resemble a romantic partner from their past and one that resembled a partner from another participant's past. Results showed that people applied their attachment representations of past partners to both targets but did so to a greater degree when the target resembled a past partner. People also tended to feel more anxious and less avoidant toward the target that resembled their past partner. Overall, the findings were consistent with the hypothesis that working models of attachment are transferred in both general and selective ways in new relationships. PMID:16513806

Brumbaugh, Claudia Chloe; Fraley, R Chris

2006-04-01

138

Parental Attachment Among Korean–American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the relationship between parental care and control perceived by Korean–American adolescents, and\\u000a further investigated the relationships between parental attachment styles and mental health measures including self-esteem,\\u000a depression, and social support. The relationship between parental care and parental control resulted in a significantly negative\\u000a correlation. Parental care showed significantly positive correlations with self-esteem and social support, and

2009-01-01

139

The Development and Neurobiology of Infant Attachment and Fear  

PubMed Central

Survival of altricial infants depends on attachment to the caregiver – a process that requires infants to identify, learn, remember, and approach their attachment figure. Here we review the neurobiology of attachment in infant rats where learning about the caregiver is supported by a specialized attachment neural circuitry to promote the infant-caregiver relationship. Specifically, the attachment circuit relies on infants acquiring learned preferences to the maternal odor, and this behavior is supported by the hyper-functioning locus coeruleus and generous amounts of norepinephrine to produce experience-induced changes in the olfactory bulb and anterior piriform cortex. Infants also possess a reduced ability to acquire learned aversions or fear, and this behavior is facilitated through attenuated amygdala plasticity to block fear learning. Presumably, this attachment circuitry constrains the infant animal to express only learned preferences regardless of the quality of care received. As pups mature, and begin to travel in and out of the nest, the specialized attachment learning becomes contextually confined to when pups are with the mother. Thus, when outside the nest, these older pups show learning more typical of adult learning, presumably to prepare for independent life outside the nest. The quality of attachment can alter this circuitry, with early life stress prematurely terminating the pups’ access to the attachment system through premature functional activation of the amygdala. Overall, the attachment circuit appears to have a dual function: keeping pups close to the caregiver but also to shape pups’ behavior to match the environment and define long-term emotion and cognition. PMID:22571921

Landers, Margo S.; Sullivan, Regina M.

2013-01-01

140

Electromagnetic attachment mechanism  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An electromagnetic attachment mechanism is disclosed for use as an end effector of a remote manipulator system. A pair of electromagnets, each with a U-shaped magnetic core with a pull-in coil and two holding coils, are mounted by a spring suspension system on a base plate of the mechanism housing with end pole pieces adapted to move through openings in the base plate when the attractive force of the electromagnets is exerted on a strike plate of a grapple fixture affixed to a target object. The pole pieces are spaced by an air gap from the strike plate when the mechanism first contacts the grapple fixture. An individual control circuit and power source is provided for the pull-in coil and one holding coil of each electromagnet. A back-up control circuit connected to the two power sources and a third power source is provided for the remaining holding coils. When energized, the pull-in coils overcome the suspension system and air gap and are automatically de-energized when the pole pieces move to grapple and impose a preload force across the grapple interface. A battery backup is a redundant power source for each electromagnet in each individual control circuit and is automatically connected upon failure of the primary source. A centerline mounted camera and video monitor are used in cooperation with a target pattern on the reflective surface of the strike plate to effect targeting and alignment.

Monford, Leo G., Jr. (inventor)

1992-01-01

141

Covalent attachment of a ruthenium complex to multiwall carbon nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Amino functionalized multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWNT) were reacted with an inorganic Ruthenium complex, {[Ru(dcclbpy)(bpy)2](PF6)2}, in an attempt to covalently attach the Ruthenium complex to the MWNT. The covalent attachment between the Ruthenium complex and the carbon nanotubes is achieved by the formation of an amide group. Absorption and emission spectroscopy indicated that a reaction between the amino functionalized MWNT and the Ruthenium complex occurred. Atomic fore microscopy (AFM) images gave further evidence of a successful attachment of the Ruthenium complex to MWNT by showing multiple junctions between MWNT distinct from naturally occurring splitting of MWNT ropes.

Benrezzak, Sakina; Frehill, Fiona; Ruether, Manuel G.; Fonseca, Antonio; Nagy, Janos; Minett, Andrew I.; Blau, Werner J.; Vos, Johannes G.; in het Panhuis, Marc

2003-03-01

142

Hot melt adhesive attachment pad  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A hot melt adhesive attachment pad for releasably securing distinct elements together is described which is particularly useful in the construction industry or a spatial vacuum environment. The attachment pad consists primarily of a cloth selectively impregnated with a charge of hot melt adhesive, a thermo-foil heater, and a thermo-cooler. These components are securely mounted in a mounting assembly. In operation, the operator activates the heating cycle transforming the hot melt adhesive to a substantially liquid state, positions the pad against the attachment surface, and activates the cooling cycle solidifying the adhesive and forming a strong, releasable bond.

Fox, R. L.; Frizzill, A. W.; Little, B. D.; Progar, D. J.; Coultrip, R. H.; Couch, R. H.; Gleason, J. R.; Stein, B. A.; Buckley, J. D.; St.clair, T. L. (inventors)

1984-01-01

143

ADHD symptoms and attachment representations: considering the role of conduct problems, cognitive deficits and narrative responses in non-attachment-related story stems.  

PubMed

The overall aim of the present study was to investigate ADHD symptoms in relation to attachment representations. We used both attachment- and non-attachment-related story stems, which allowed us to investigate whether problems with narrative production can explain the relation between ADHD symptoms and attachment representations. We also investigated the role of cognitive deficits and conduct problems in these relations. The sample consisted of 89 children (27 % girls) between 6 and 10 years old, with an oversampling of children with high levels of ADHD symptoms. ADHD symptoms and conduct problems were rated by parents and teachers. Cognitive functioning was investigated using laboratory tests of inhibition, working memory and sustained attention. Attachment representations were coded as secure, organized insecure and disorganized categories. Narrative responses to non-attachment-related story stems were coded for incoherence and negative content. Results showed that children in the disorganized attachment category had significantly higher levels of ADHD symptoms compared to those in the secure category. Both ADHD symptoms and disorganized attachment were related to incoherence and negative content. Attachment representations were not associated with ADHD symptoms when controlling for negative content in response to non-attachment-related story stems. These results suggest that the associations between attachment security and ADHD are yet to be fully understood. Importantly, a propensity to envisage negative events seems to characterize children with high levels of ADHD symptoms. PMID:24562639

Scholtens, Sara; Rydell, Ann-Margret; Bohlin, Gunilla; Thorell, Lisa B

2014-08-01

144

Solar System Odyssey - Fulldome Digital Planetarium Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a Fulldome Digital Planetarium Show. Learners go on a futuristic journey through our Solar System. They explore the inner and outer planets, then the moons: Titan, Europa, and Callisto as possible places to establish a human colony. A full-length preview of the show is available on the website, you need to scroll down about 3/4 of the page - under section on children's shows, direct link not available.

145

TEACHER-STUDENT ATTACHMENT AND TEACHERS' ATTITUDES TOWARDS WORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between teacher-student attachment and teachers' attitude towards work. We show that teacher-student attachment and teachers' attitudes towards work appear critical in promoting and maintaining positive teacher behaviours. Communication connects students with teachers, improving the classroom atmosphere. Teachers who communicate effectively with their students can give them appropriate and helpful feedback. Teacher-student interaction is extremely important

Affizal Ahmad; Rafidah Sahak

2009-01-01

146

Attachment at work and performance.  

PubMed

This paper examines the relations between self-reported attachment orientation at work and personality, self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence (aka emotional self-efficacy), and independently assessed career potential and job performance. Self-report data were collected from 211 managers in an international business in the hospitality industry; independent assessments of these managers' job performance and career potential were separately obtained from the organization. A self-report measure of romantic attachment was adapted for application in the work context; a two-factor solution was found for this measure. Secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work was positively related to self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, and also to job performance. Not only was secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work statistically predictive of job performance, but the new measure also made a distinct contribution, beyond conscientiousness, to this prediction. PMID:21838647

Neustadt, Elizabeth A; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Furnham, Adrian

2011-09-01

147

Self-reported discrimination and discriminatory behaviour: the role of attachment security.  

PubMed

Past research shows that attachment security is linked to low prejudice (Hofstra, Van Oudenhoven & Bunnk, 2005; Mikulincer & Shaver, 2001). We extend this research by examining the role of attachment security in discriminatory choices and discriminatory behaviour. The current study examines the influence of primed attachment security (vs. neutral prime) on self-reported discrimination and actual discriminatory behaviour towards Muslims. Results illustrate that primed attachment security (vs. a neutral prime) significantly predicts both the choice to discriminate against Muslims and subsequent behavioural discrimination towards a Muslim. Implications for increasing attachment security as a means of reducing prejudice and discrimination are discussed. PMID:21950402

Boag, Elle M; Carnelley, Katherine B

2012-06-01

148

Preferential attachment in growing spatial networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We obtain the degree distribution for a class of growing network models on flat and curved spaces. These models evolve by preferential attachment weighted by a function of the distance between nodes. The degree distribution of these models is similar to that of the fitness model of Bianconi and Barabási, with a fitness distribution dependent on the metric and the density of nodes. We show that curvature singularities in these spaces can give rise to asymptotic Bose-Einstein condensation, but transient condensation can be observed also in smooth hyperbolic spaces with strong curvature. We provide numerical results for spaces of constant curvature (sphere, flat, and hyperbolic space) and we discuss the conditions for the breakdown of this approach and the critical points of the transition to distance-dominated attachment. Finally, we discuss the distribution of link lengths.

Ferretti, Luca; Cortelezzi, Michele

2011-07-01

149

Temperamental precursors of infant attachment with mothers and fathers.  

PubMed

The degree to which parent sensitivity and infant temperament distinguish attachment classification was examined. Multilevel modeling was used to assess the effect of parent sensitivity and infant temperament on infant-mother and infant-father attachment. Data were collected from mothers, fathers, and their infants (N = 135) when the infant was 3-, 5-, 7-, 12-, and 14-months old. Temperament was measured using the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (Gartstein & Rothbart, 2003); parent sensitivity was coded during the Still Face Paradigm (Tronick, Als, Adamson, Wise, & Brazelton, 1978); attachment was coded using the Strange Situation (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978). Results indicate that mothers and fathers were less sensitive with insecure-avoidant infants. Whereas only one difference was found for infant-mother attachment groups and temperament, five significant differences emerged for infant-father attachment groups, with the majority involving insecure-ambivalent attachment. Infants classified as ambivalent with fathers were higher in perceptual sensitivity and cuddliness and these infants also showed a greater increase in low-intensity pleasure over time compared with other infants. Results indicate the importance of both parent sensitivity and infant temperament, though operating in somewhat different ways, in the development of the infant-mother and infant-father attachment relationship. PMID:24103401

Planalp, Elizabeth M; Braungart-Rieker, Julia M

2013-12-01

150

Disorganized attachment and inhibitory capacity: predicting externalizing problem behaviors.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether attachment insecurity, focusing on disorganized attachment, and the executive function (EF) component of inhibition, assessed at age 5, were longitudinally related to general externalizing problem behaviors as well as to specific symptoms of ADHD and Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and callous-unemotional (CU) traits. General externalizing problem behaviors were also measured at age 5 to allow for a developmental analysis. Outcome variables were rated by parents and teachers. The sample consisted of 65 children with an oversampling of children with high levels of externalizing behaviors. Attachment was evaluated using a story stem attachment doll play procedure. Inhibition was measured using four different tasks. The results showed that both disorganized attachment and poor inhibition were longitudinally related to all outcome variables. Controlling for initial level of externalizing problem behavior, poor inhibition predicted ADHD symptoms and externalizing problem behaviors, independent of disorganized attachment, whereas for ASD symptoms no predictive relations remained. Disorganized attachment independently predicted CU traits. PMID:21947617

Bohlin, Gunilla; Eninger, Lilianne; Brocki, Karin Cecilia; Thorell, Lisa B

2012-04-01

151

Adult attachment styles and psychological disease: examining the mediating role of personality traits.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to examine differences in anxiety and depression related to differences in attachment models of the self and of others and whether personality traits mediate this relationship. The authors assessed attachment styles, anxiety, depression, and personality traits among 274 adult volunteers. Participants were classified into 4 attachment groups (secure, preoccupied, fearful, and dismissing-avoidant) according to K. Bartholomew's (1990) model. The present authors found significant differences among attachment groups on anxiety and depressive symptoms with attachment styles involving a negative self-model showing higher scores than attachment styles characterized by a positive self-model. The authors also found that differences between attachment styles in anxiety and depression remained significant when personality factors related to attachment prototypes were entered as covariates. Results indicate that secure attachment in adults was associated with better mental health, while insecure attachment styles characterized by negative thinking about the self were associated with higher depression and anxiety scores. Our findings seem to evidence that attachment and personality are only partly overlapping and that attachment cannot be considered as redundant with personality in the explanation of psychological disease. PMID:21053766

Surcinelli, Paola; Rossi, Nicolino; Montebarocci, Ornella; Baldaro, Bruno

2010-12-01

152

New Ebola Vaccine Shows Promise in Human Trials  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. New Ebola Vaccine Shows Promise in Human Trials It appeared ... Preidt Wednesday, March 25, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Page Ebola WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental ...

153

Avoiding Attachment Ambiguities: The Role of Constituent Ordering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments investigated whether speakers use constituent ordering as a mechanism for avoiding ambiguities. In utterances like ''Jane showed the letter to Mary to her mother,'' alternate orders would avoid the temporary PP-attachment ambiguity (''Jane showed her mother the letter to Mary,'' or ''Jane showed to her mother the letter to…

Arnold, Jennifer E.; Wasow, Thomas; Asudeh, Ash; Alrenga, Peter

2004-01-01

154

Reliability and stability of adult attachment patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

A basic premise of attachment theory is that internal models of attachment remain relatively stable across the life span. We examined stability and change in adult attachment representations over 8 months in a sample of young adults (N = 144; Mean age = 24.5 years). Attachment patterns were assessed by categorical and continuous ratings across three methods-self-report ratings, expert ratings

ELAINE SCHARFE; KIM BARTHOLOMEW

1994-01-01

155

Adult attachment orientations: Relation to affiliation motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the multifaceted relationship between attachment and affiliation motivation. In a sample of 322 participants differences were found between attachment styles or dimensions and affiliation motivation. Anxious attachment was positively related to seeking attention from others, social comparison, and positive stimulation as motivations for affiliation. Avoidant attachment was negatively related to emotional support and positive stimulation as motivations

Jonathan P. Schwartz; Lori D. Lindley; Walter C. Buboltz Jr

2007-01-01

156

Attachment style and long-term singlehood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how long-term single people satisfy their attachment and sexual needs. A community sample of single and coupled adults (N ¼ 142) located in the United States completed measures of attachment style, attachment figures, loneliness, depression, anxiety, quality of relationships with parents, and sexual behavior. In a structured interview, they answered questions about their childhoods and managing attachment,

DORY A. SCHACHNER; PHILLIP R. SHAVER; OMRI GILLATHc

2008-01-01

157

The contribution of social rank and attachment theory to depression in a non clinical sample of adolescents.  

PubMed

This study explores the relative contribution of the overall quality of attachment to the mother, to the father and to peers (Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment scales), the style of attachment towards peers (Attachment Questionnaire for Children scale), the social rank variables (submissive behavior and social comparison), and sex and age variables in predicting the depression score (Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) on a non-psychiatric sample of 13-18 year old adolescents (n = 225). Results of our integrated model (adjusted R-Square of .50) show that attachment variables (overall quality of attachment to the father and to the mother), social rank variables (social comparison and submissive behavior), age and sex are important in predicting depressive symptoms during adolescence. Moreover, the attachment to peers variables (quality of attachment to peers, secure and ambivalent style of attachment) and sex are mediated by the social rank variables (social comparison and submissive behavior). PMID:22059328

Puissant, Sylvia Pinna; Gauthier, Jean-Marie; Van Oirbeek, Robin

2011-11-01

158

Attachment and barriers to cervical screening.  

PubMed

The present study explored the role of attachment insecurity in cervical screening behaviors and barriers in a sample of 257 female undergraduates. Information on attachment dimensions as well as attachment style was collected. Attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance were associated with decreased likelihood of having participated in cervical screening and positively associated with screening barriers. Screening barriers were elevated among individuals with insecure attachment styles (preoccupied, fearful, and dismissing), and dismissing participants were less likely to have engaged in screening compared to secure participants. Our findings demonstrate that attachment insecurity may be a risk factor for inadequate cervical screening and screening barriers. PMID:22933580

Hill, Erin M; Gick, Mary L

2013-05-01

159

Attached cultivation technology of microalgae for efficient biomass feedstock production.  

PubMed

The potential of microalgae biofuel has not been realized because of low productivity and high costs associated with the current cultivation systems. In this paper, an attached cultivation method was introduced, in which microalgae cells grew on the surface of vertical artificial supporting material to form algal film. Multiple of the algal films were assembled in an array fashion to dilute solar irradiation to facilitate high photosynthetic efficiency. Results showed that a broad range of microalgae species can grow with this attached method. A biomass productivity of 50-80 g m(-2) d(-1) was obtained outdoors for Scenedesmus obliquus, corresponding to the photosynthetic efficiency of 5.2-8.3% (total solar radiation). This attached method also offers lots of possible advantages over traditional open ponds, such as on water saving, harvesting, contamination controlling and scale-up. The attached cultivation represents a promising technology for economically viable production of microalgae biofuels. PMID:23131644

Liu, Tianzhong; Wang, Junfeng; Hu, Qiang; Cheng, Pengfei; Ji, Bei; Liu, Jinli; Chen, Yu; Zhang, Wei; Chen, Xiaoling; Chen, Lin; Gao, Lili; Ji, Chunli; Wang, Hui

2013-01-01

160

9. VIEW SHOWING JUNCTION OF CONCRETE EAST APPROACH SPAN WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. VIEW SHOWING JUNCTION OF CONCRETE EAST APPROACH SPAN WITH STEEL SPAN, LOOKING NORTH. NOTE ROCKING CAST STEEL SHOE ATTACHED TO PIER TO ALLOW FOR EXPANSION OF STEEL SPAN - Jensen Bridge, Spanning Green River at Town of Jensen, Jensen, Uintah County, UT

161

25. View is the side of pier #6 showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. View is the side of pier #6 - showing the junction of the last pony truss and the first through truss. Note the way the end posts are attached this pier extension. For a top view of this, see CA-22. - Weidemeyer Bridge, Spanning Thomes Creek at Rawson Road, Corning, Tehama County, CA

162

16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING THE 'EYE PLATES' AND THE ATTACHMENT OF THE SIDEWALK CANTILEVER BRACKETS, NORTH GIRDER, PANEL 5, LOOKING SOUTHEAST Ryan & Harms - Benton Street Bridge, Spanning Iowa River at Benton Street, Iowa City, Johnson County, IA

163

Aspects of love: the effect of mortality salience and attachment style on romantic beliefs.  

PubMed

Two studies are reported which explore romance as a means of terror management for participants with secure and insecure attachment styles. Mikulincer and Florian (2000) have shown that while mortality salience increases the desire for intimacy in securely attached individuals, the insecurely attached use cultural world views rather than close relationships to cope with fear of death. Study 1 used the romantic belief scale to compare the effects of attachment style and mortality salience on the cultural aspects of close relationships and showed that the only the insecurely attached were more romantic following mortality salience. Study 2 replicated this effect and demonstrated that this difference was not simply due to lower self-esteem in the insecurely attached. The additional inclusion of the Relationship assessment questionnaire failed to provide any evidence that the securely attached were affected by the mortality salience manipulation, even on a more interpersonal measure. PMID:23472322

Smith, Rebecca; Massey, Emma

164

Comparison of problematic internet and alcohol use and attachment styles among industrial workers in Korea.  

PubMed

The objective of this article is to fully understand Internet addiction, we aimed to compare the attachment styles and psychopathologies associated with problematic Internet use with those related to alcohol use. Through the participation of 141 male participants, the present study assessed problematic Internet and alcohol use, attachment, psychopathology, and demographic data via the use of self-rating questionnaires. We explored the significant predictors among avoidant and anxious attachments, depression, anxiety, and phobia to explain problematic Internet and alcohol use. The results showed that anxious attachment, depression, and anxiety could explain problematic alcohol use. In contrast, both anxious and avoidant attachment as well as depression and phobia explained problematic Internet use. Additionally, depression moderated the effects of avoidant attachment on problematic Internet use. We demonstrated that the interaction of attachment and psychopathology predicts problematic Internet use originating from an earlier stage of life than that associated with problematic alcohol use. PMID:21595524

Shin, Sang-Eun; Kim, Nam-Seok; Jang, Eun-Young

2011-11-01

165

Comparison of attachment styles in borderline personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.  

PubMed

The intense, unstable interpersonal relationships characteristic of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are thought to represent insecure attachment. The Reciprocal Attachment Questionnaire was used to compare the attachment styles of patients with BPD to the styles of patients with a contrasting personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). The results showed that patients with BPD were more likely to exhibit angry withdrawal and compulsive care-seeking attachment patterns. Patients with BPD also scored higher on the dimensions of lack of availability of the attachment figure, feared loss of the attachment figure, lack of use of the attachment figure, and separation protest. The findings may be relevant for understanding the core interpersonal psychopathology of BPD and for managing therapeutic relationships with these patients. PMID:16397756

Aaronson, Cindy J; Bender, Donna S; Skodol, Andrew E; Gunderson, John G

2006-01-01

166

Enhancing Attachment Organization Among Maltreated Children: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Young children who have experienced early adversity are at risk for developing disorganized attachments. An intervention, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), was developed that very specifically targets nurturing, sensitive care among the parents identified as being at risk for neglecting their young children, with the aim of decreasing disorganized attachment. The ABC intervention consists of 10 parent-child sessions conducted in families’ homes. The present study assessed the efficacy of this intervention through a randomized clinical trial in which parents with Child Protective Services involvement were assigned to the experimental intervention or to a control intervention (DEF). Attachment quality was assessed for 120 children in the Strange Situation. Children in the ABC intervention showed significantly lower rates of disorganized attachment (32%) and higher rates of secure attachment (52%) relative to the control intervention (57% and 33%, respectively). These results support the efficacy of the ABC intervention in enhancing attachment quality among parents at high risk for maltreatment. PMID:22239483

Bernard, Kristin; Dozier, Mary; Bick, Johanna; Lewis-Morrarty, Erin; Lindhiem, Oliver; Carlson, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

167

Dissociative electron attachment to water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dissociative electron attachment to water, H2O+e-? H+OH-3.27eV H2+O-3.56eV H-+OHX P2 4.35eVH+H+O-8.04e VH-+OH* S2 8.38eVH-+H+O 8.75eV 0.1 is a physical process that has been studied since 1930[1]. It may be viewed as an inherently is non-Born-Oppenheimer process, for the initial state belongs to the electronic continuum, and the final state is electronically bound. As such, it presents a particular challenge for theory. We present a first-principles theoretical treatment of this process, in which we calculate the cross sections for production of the three major atom - diatom products observed by experiment, H2 + O-, H- + OH (X 2pi), and H- + OH (2Sigma). These states comprise the bulk of the experimentally determined cross section. In the present work we employ a Born-Oppenheimer expansion of the wavefunction for nuclear and electronic motion, and treat both quantum mechanically. The adiabatic treatment of the electronic motion incorporates multiconfiguration, correlated wavefunctions and includes an explicit treatment of the electronic continuum. For the nuclear dynamics we incorporate the full dimensionality of nuclear motion, including the three internal degrees of freedom and the effect of rotation. This is the first ab initio treatment of dissociative electron attachment which incorporates more than one degree of freedom in the nuclear dynamics. The first step in our Born-Oppenheimer treatment is to calculate adiabatic potential energy surfaces for the three metastable electronic states which are involved, the 2B1, 2A1, and 2B 2 electronic Feshbach resonances. Global potential energy surfaces are defined which incorporate the results of fixed-nuclei, ab initio calculations: quantum-mechanical electron scattering calculations using the complex Kohn method are performed and augmented by the results of large-scale configuration-interaction calculations performed in a restricted Hilbert space. The global surfaces are defined by a very accurate fit combining a 35-parameter analytic function and splines. The second step in our treatment comprises the use of these potential energy surfaces to calculate the nuclear dynamics. We do so within the Local Complex Potential model, a theory which has had considerable success in describing both vibrational excitation and dissociative electron attachment in resonant electron-molecule collisions. Its applicability to the current system is, however, not assured, and we offer evidence that the experimental observations, and in particular the results on the minor arrangement channels observed at each resonance peak, may rest upon nonlocal or virtual-state effects during the dissociation. We employ the Multi-Configuration Time-Dependent Hartree method to calculate the nuclear dynamics. These dynamics, even within the Local Complex Potential model, are subject to nonadiabatic coupling among these surfaces, due to Renner-Teller coupling between the 2B1 and 2 A1, and a conical intersection between the 2 A1 and 2B2. We include these nonadiabatic effects in our treatment. The conical intersection is calculated to play a major role for dissociative attachment to water via the highest-energy, 2B2 Feshbach resonance, as we have predicted. The bulk of the present work is concerned with the calculation of the total cross sections for DEA via each of the resonance states. In the final chapter of this work, we include the results of separate calculations which examine the differential cross section for production of H- via the 2B1 resonance. We derive a new approximation, which we term the "single-eigenmode" approximation for resonant scattering, and employ it to calculate the angular distribution of the H- fragment. We reproduce the experimental result. We show how the single-eigenmode approximation breaks down in the case of hydrogen sulfide, H2S, and reproduce the previously unexplained experimental result for the angular distribution of H- ions produced from DEA to the 2B1 state of H 2S.

Haxton, Daniel James

168

Telephoto attachments for telecentric lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many imaging applications, such as machine vision, parts inspection, and gauging, make us of telecentric lens configurations to improve measurement accuracy and reduce alignment sensitivity. CCD cameras are frequently chosen to record the final image. Although lenses can be designed to work as standalone telecentric devices, it is sometimes desireable to use a modular approach, in which a telecentric `attachment' is mated to a primary or `base' lens. This allows one to vary the object field coverage by changing attachment lenses, keeping the same primary lens. A simple attachment could consist of an achromat mounted one focal length away from the entrance pupil of the primary lens. Such arrangements can become lengthy for large fields and magnifications. Stock achromats may not meet size requirements, nor provide optimum image quality. A more complex arrangement that reduces the lens length and improves imaging can be obtained by using a telephoto lens (front-vertex-to-image/efl < 1.0) as an attachment. This paper will outline the development of a modular telecentric system and a first-order method for evaluating the suitability of lenses for use as telecentric attachments.

Weiner, David

1995-08-01

169

Adult attachment styles and psychosis: an investigation of associations between general attachment styles and attachment relationships with specific others  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  If attachment theory is to help inform our understanding of relationship difficulties in people with psychosis, it is first\\u000a important to understand the composition of attachment networks in this group and how attachment style measured with reference\\u000a to relationships in general actually relates to attachment in relationships with specific others.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  We examined attachment networks and associations between general attachment style

Katherine Berry; Alison Wearden; Christine Barrowclough

2007-01-01

170

Assessing parental empathy: a role for empathy in child attachment.  

PubMed

Although empathy has been associated with helping behavior and relationship quality, little research has evaluated the role of parental empathy in the development of parent-child relationships. The current study (1) establishes preliminary validity of the Parental Affective and Cognitive Empathy Scale (PACES), a method for coding empathy from parents' narrative responses to the Parent Development Interview - Revised for School-Aged Children (PDI-R-SC), and (2) tests a theoretical model of empathy and attachment. Sixty caregivers and their children completed a battery of questionnaire and interview measures, including the PDI-R-SC and the Child Attachment Interview (CAI). Caregivers' interview narratives were scored for empathy using PACES. PACES showed good interrater reliability and good convergent validity with a self-report empathy measure. Parent empathy was positively related to child attachment security (using a continuous score for narrative coherence) and emotional openness on the CAI, as well as to child perceptions of parental warmth. Moreover, parent empathy mediated the relation between parents' self-reported attachment style and their children's attachment security. Implications for attachment theory and future directions for establishing scale validity are discussed. PMID:25373381

Stern, Jessica A; Borelli, Jessica L; Smiley, Patricia A

2015-02-01

171

Tourette syndrome is associated with insecure attachment and higher aggression.  

PubMed

This study explored the degree to which adult patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) exhibit particular attachment styles and the possible association between the underlying attachment dimensions and forms of aggression. Fifty-three TS patients (ages 17-72 years) and 54 matched healthy controls completed the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Scale (ECR-R) and the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ). The data were analysed with ANOVA F-tests, t-tests, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. TS patients showed significantly higher scores in relationship anxiety (?p < 0.001) and relationship avoidance (?p = 0.001) in the ECR-R and significantly higher aggression scores in the AQ (?p < 0.001). The total AQ score correlated significantly with the ECR-R dimension anxiety (?p < 0.001). These are the first findings on TS patients' attachment styles and anger symptoms. It remains unclear whether attachment anxiety and avoidance are risk factors for TS or whether the disorder itself induces attachment disorders. Prospective studies with detailed attachment interviews would help to explore this issue. PMID:25185020

Dehning, Sandra; Burger, Max B; Krause, Daniela; Jobst, Andrea; Yundina, Elena; Müller, Norbert; Meyer, Sebastian; Zill, Peter; Buchheim, Anna

2014-09-01

172

DEAL Application, Page 1 of 2 Montana State University  

E-print Network

center directors. The goal is enhancement or rejuvenation of leadership skills and enthusiasm. If you background and professional experience. Please attach a short curriculum vita (no more than 4 pages). If you. Write a short paragraph. 4. Personal statement. Please attach one or two short paragraphs. a. What do

Dyer, Bill

173

Preventive interventions and sustained attachment security in maltreated children.  

PubMed

Thirteen-month-old maltreated infants (n = 137) and their mothers were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: child-parent psychotherapy (CPP), psychoeducational parenting intervention (PPI), or community standard (CS). A fourth group of nonmaltreated infants (n = 52) and their mothers served as a nonmaltreated comparison (NC) group. A prior investigation found that the CPP and the PPI groups demonstrated substantial increases in secure attachment at postintervention, whereas this change was not found in the CS and the NC groups. The current investigation involved the analysis of data obtained at a follow-up assessment that occurred 12 months after the completion of treatment. At follow-up, children in the CPP group had higher rates of secure and lower rates of disorganized attachment than did children in the PPI or the CS group. Rates of disorganized attachment did not differ between the CPP and the NC groups. Intention to treat analyses also showed higher rates of secure attachment at follow-up in the CPP group relative to the PPI and the CS groups. However, groups did not differ on disorganized attachment. Both primary and intention to treat analyses demonstrated that maternal-reported child behavior problems did not differ among the four groups at the follow-up assessment. This is the first investigation to demonstrate sustained attachment security in maltreated children 12 months after the completion of an attachment theory informed intervention. The findings also suggest that, although effective in the short term, parenting interventions alone may not be effective in maintaining secure attachment in children over time. PMID:24229539

Stronach, Erin Pickreign; Toth, Sheree L; Rogosch, Fred; Cicchetti, Dante

2013-11-01

174

Preventive Interventions and Sustained Attachment Security in Maltreated Children  

PubMed Central

Thirteen-month-old maltreated infants (n = 137) and their mothers were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: child-parent psychotherapy (CPP), psychoeducational parenting intervention (PPI), and community standard (CS). A fourth group of nonmaltreated infants (n =52) and their mothers served as a normative comparison (NC) group. A prior investigation found that the CPP and PPI groups demonstrated substantial increases in secure attachment at post-intervention, whereas this change was not found in the CS and NC groups. The current investigation involved the analysis of data obtained at a follow-up assessment that occurred 12-months after the completion of treatment. At follow-up, children in the CPP group had higher rates of secure and lower rates of disorganized attachment than did children in the PPI or CS groups. Rates of disorganized attachment did not differ between the CPP and NC groups. Intention-to-treat analyses (ITT) also showed higher rates of secure attachment at follow-up in the CPP group relative to the PPI and CS groups. However, groups did not differ on disorganized attachment. Both primary and ITT analyses demonstrated that maternal reported child behavior problems did not differ among the four groups at the follow-up assessment. This is the first investigation to demonstrate sustained attachment security in maltreated children 12 months after the completion of an attachment theory-informed intervention. Findings also suggest that, while effective in the short term, parenting interventions alone may not be effective in maintaining secure attachment in children over time. PMID:24229539

Stronach, Erin Pickreign; Toth, Sheree L.; Rogosch, Fred; Cicchetti, Dante

2013-01-01

175

Enhanced electron attachment to vibrationally and electronically excited molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electron attachment studies on vibrationally and electronically excited states have been measured. The attachment of electrons to vibrationally excited states of the ground electronic state populated via temperature increase was measured in the mean electron energy range, (?), 0.04 to 4.8 eV, over the temperature range, T, 300 to 700 K and over the total gas number density, Nt, 2.25 to 15.5 × 1019 molecules/cm3. These studies are presented in Part 1 for three technologically important molecules: Methylene Chloride (C2H2Cl2), Boron Trichloride (BCl3), and Trichlorotrifluoroethane (1,1,2-C 2Cl3F3). Electron attachment rate constants, k a((?),T), was measured as a function of mean electron energy in Ar and N2 gases at different temperatures. Using swarm unfolding technique, electron attachment cross sections, ?a(?,T), was measured as a function of electron energy by unfolding ka((?),T) at each temperature. The results of these measurements show that the dissociative electron attachment cross sections increase with the increase of vibrational energies. In the studies an electronically-excited states, the attaching electrons and the excited states of molecules were produced with a single excimer-laser pulse. The excitation of molecules to energies above the ionization potential (IP) caused the population of core-excited Rydberg states (HR). The electrons produced via photoionization were attached to the concomitantly produced highly-excited molecules leading to negative ion formation under the high-pressure environment provided by Ar or N2 gases. In these experiments two different experimental techniques were used: two- electrode arrangement and three-electrode arrangement. The two-electrode arrangement techniques provided information on the lifetimes of the excited molecules as well as estimates of various experimental parameters including the electron attachment rate constant of excited molecules. The other technique, the three- electrode arrangement, provided information about the density of charged species including electrons and negative ions and the estimation of electron attachment rate constant. These results are presented in Part II for three molecules: Benzene (C6H 6), Oxygen (O2), and Dichlorodifluoromethane (CCl2,F2). It was shown that the electron attachment to highly-excited molecules was extremely efficient process leading to enormous electron attachment cross sections, ?a, ~ 10-10 cm2, which were many orders of magnitude larger compared to the cross sections for corresponding ground electronic states.

Tav, Cumali

176

The relationship between attachment styles and alexithymia: mediating role of defense mechanisms.  

PubMed

This study examined the mediating role of ego defense mechanisms on the relationship between attachment styles and alexithymia. Four hundred and forty-three Iranian high school students (213 boys, 230 girls) participated in this study. Participants completed Defense Styles Questionnaire (DSQ-40), Adult Attachment Inventory (AAI), and Farsi version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (FTAS-20). Results showed a significant negative correlation between secure attachment style and alexithymia, while avoidant and ambivalent attachment styles showed significant positive associations with alexithymia. Regression analysis indicated that defense mechanisms have a mediating role between attachment styles and alexithymia. It can be concluded that a mediation role of ego defense mechanisms on the relationship between attachment styles and alexithymia was partial. PMID:24309875

Besharat, Mohammad Ali; Khajavi, Zeinab

2013-12-01

177

Attachment Theory and Parental Alienation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following an acrimonious divorce or separation, arguments are frequently presented as to why a child should not be with a nonresident parent. The custodial parent, whether a father or a mother, uses the concept of a child being attached to himself or herself and therefore this should prevent the child from having actual or reasonable contact with the absent parent.

Ludwig F. Lowenstein

2010-01-01

178

ARCHIVED PUBLICATION The attached publication,  

E-print Network

ARCHIVED PUBLICATION The attached publication, NIST Special Publication 800-63 Version 1.0.2 (dated revision of this publication, see: http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/PubsSPs.html#800-63- Rev1. #12;NIST Technology Laboratory (ITL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) promotes the U

Magee, Joseph W.

179

Attachment, depressotypic cognitions, and dysphoria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has identified dysfunctional attitudes and depressotypic attributional style as potential cognitive vulnerabilities to depression. The origins of these cognitive vulnerabilities, however, are unknown. The present study was conducted to determine whether perceived attachment to one's primary caregiver in childhood was associated with endorsement of dysfunctional attitudes and depressotypic attributional style in adulthood. Results from 104 undergraduates suggested that

Mark A. Whisman; Ann L. McGarvey

1995-01-01

180

Executive Order 1083 Attachment C  

E-print Network

) An administrative officer or supervisor of child welfare and attendance, or a certificated pupil personnel employee, or local child support agency caseworker, unless the investigator, inspector, or caseworker is workingExecutive Order 1083 Attachment C California Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act Penal Code

Eirinaki, Magdalini

181

Soluble NSF-attachment proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soluble NSF-attachement proteins (SNAPs) are highly conserved proteins that participate in intracellular membrane fusion and vesicular trafficking. In mammals, there are three different isoforms of SNAPs, ?-, ?- and ?-SNAP. ?- and ?-SNAP are ubiquitously expressed, whereas ?-SNAP is the brain-specific isoform. SNAPs recruit NSF to the membrane after being bound to specific membrane receptors termed SNAREs. NSF, SNAPs and

Gudrun Stenbeck

1998-01-01

182

Partner Buffering of Attachment Insecurity  

PubMed Central

Insecurely attached people have less happy, unstable romantic relationships, but the quality of their relationships should depend on how their partners regulate them. Some partners find ways to buffer (emotionally and behaviorally regulate) insecurely attached individuals, which makes them feel better, behave more constructively, and improves their relationships. Understanding when and how this important interpersonal process works requires a dyad-centered approach. In this article, we describe core tenets of attachment theory and the two forms of attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance). We then present the Dyadic Regulation Model of Insecurity Buffering, which explains how and why certain types of buffering behaviors soothe the worries and improve the relationship perceptions and behaviors of anxious or avoidant people. We next review studies of couples trying to resolve major conflicts that illustrate some ways in which partners can successfully buffer the insecure reactions of anxious and avoidant individuals. We conclude by discussing other traits and social contexts to which our model can be applied. PMID:25214722

Simpson, Jeffry A.; Overall, Nickola C.

2014-01-01

183

Version 7/12/13 Page 1 of 36 PIER Standard Grant Terms PON-13-503  

E-print Network

Version 7/12/13 Page 1 of 36 PIER Standard Grant Terms PON-13-503 Attachment 13 PIER STANDARD GRANT TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE NO. 1. GRANT AGREEMENT .................................................................................................................34 #12;Updated 07/12/2013 Page 2 of 36 PIER Standard Grant Terms PON-13-503 Attachment 13 EXHIBIT C

184

Page 1 of 5 Association of Retired Faculty  

E-print Network

available at other land grant institutions. Consequently, ARF proposes that MSU adopts the benefits. Comparing the list to the information we have consolidated on the ARF web page (attachment A), it is clear

Lawrence, Rick L.

185

The reciprocal relationship between early adolescent attachment and internalizing and externalizing problembehaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study is to examine the reciprocal relationship between parental attachment and adolescent internalizing and externalizing problembehaviour. In this longitudinal study, 288 adolescents (mean age 13.5 years) reported on their attachment relationships with their parents and on problem behaviour three times, with 1-year-intervals between measurement waves. Results show that attachment and both indicators of adolescent problem

Kirsten L. Buista; Maja Dekovi

186

Comparison of Attachment Styles in Borderline Personality Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intense, unstable interpersonal relationships characteristic of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are\\u000a thought to represent insecure attachment. The Reciprocal Attachment Questionnaire was used to compare the attachment styles\\u000a of patients with BPD to the styles of patients with a contrasting personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder\\u000a (OCPD). The results showed that patients with BPD were more likely to exhibit

Cindy J. Aaronson; Donna S. Bender; Andrew E. Skodol; John G. Gunderson

2006-01-01

187

Attachment styles in children affected by migraine without aura  

PubMed Central

Background In recent years, great attention has been given to the presence of psychological problems and psychiatric comorbidity that are also present in children affected by primary headaches. The relationship between pain and attachment has been identified, and it may be that pain perception may change in relation with specific attachment styles. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalent attachment style and verify its putative relationship and correlation with the main characteristics of migraine attacks, in school-aged children affected by migraine without aura (MoA). Materials and methods The study population consisted of 219 children (103 males, 116 females) aged between 6 and 11 years (mean 8.96 ± 2.14 years), consecutively referred for MoA compared with 381 healthy controls (174 males, 207 females; mean age 9.01 ± 1.75 years) randomly selected from schools. All the children were classified according to the attachment typologies of the Italian modified version of the Separation Anxiety Test; monthly headache frequency and mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children. Headache intensity was assessed on a visual analog scale. The chi-square test and t-test, where appropriate, were applied, and the Spearman rank correlation test was applied to explore the relationship between the types of attachment style and clinical aspects of MoA. Results The MoA group showed a significantly higher prevalence of type A (avoidant) attachment (P<0.001) and a significantly lower prevalence of type B (secure) attachment (P<0.001) compared with the control group. Moreover, the Spearman rank correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between MoA characteristics and the attachment style of MoA children. Conclusion The main findings of the present study were the higher prevalence among MoA children of the avoidant attachment style (type A) and the significantly lower prevalence of the secure style attachment (type B) compared with the normal controls, suggesting that the study of psychiatric comorbidity in pediatric headache may be enriched by this new aspect of analysis. PMID:24124370

Esposito, Maria; Parisi, Lucia; Gallai, Beatrice; Marotta, Rosa; Di Dona, Anna; Lavano, Serena Marianna; Roccella, Michele; Carotenuto, Marco

2013-01-01

188

2013 Goat Shows Show Date Show Name Entries Due Eligibility Weigh In Show Time Contact Phone Extra Info  

E-print Network

2013 Goat Shows Show Date Show Name Entries Due Eligibility Weigh In Show Time Contact Phone Extra/13/2013 Cannon Co. Day of Show Youth Must 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. Carol 615-563-5260 Bring own Jr. Goat $1.00 a head Control 10 a.m. Melton Bedding Association Goat 7/20/2013 Overton Co. Day of Show Youth Before 5 p.m. 6

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

189

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. 868.5955 Section...5955 Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a...

2011-04-01

190

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. 868.5955 Section...5955 Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a...

2013-04-01

191

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. 868.5955 Section...5955 Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a...

2012-04-01

192

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. 868.5955 Section...5955 Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a...

2010-04-01

193

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. 868.5955 Section...5955 Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment. (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a...

2014-04-01

194

Entertainment Pages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that the planning of an effective entertainment page in a school newspaper must begin by establishing its purpose. Examines all the elements that contribute to the makeup of a good entertainment page. (RL)

Druce, Mike

1981-01-01

195

Adult attachment and selective information seeking  

E-print Network

The present study examined how individuals with anxious and avoidant attachment styles coped with the activation of insecure attachment systems when their vulnerabilities were heightened by a stressful event and perceptions of deficient support...

Tran, Sisi

2003-01-01

196

Development of office paper attachment methodologies  

E-print Network

A design project was carried out which began with the study and critique of office paper attachment systems, such as paperclips and staples. A set of criteria for an ideal system of attachment was then developed. This led ...

Slowik, Jonathan (Jonathan Steven)

2006-01-01

197

Sexual compulsion – Relationship with sex, attachment and sexual orientation  

PubMed Central

Background and aims Sexual addiction, also known as hypersexual disorder, is associated with serious psychosocial problems for many people. Methods This study used questionnaires to investigate the effects of gender, sexual orientation and attachment (avoidance and anxiety) on sexual compulsion among 100 heterosexual and homosexual men and women. Results A positive correlation was found between anxious attachment and sexual compulsivity (r = 0.46; p < 0.01) and a positive correlation between avoidant attachment and sexual compulsivity (r = 0.39; p ? 0.01) in all participants. Secondly, an analysis of covariance showed a gender by sexual orientation interaction effect [F(1, 103) = 6.39, p < 0.01] but no attachment effect on sexual compulsivity. A follow-up comparison showed that lesbian women had higher rates of sexual compulsivity than heterosexual women [t (2, 50) = 5.08, p < 0.001] whereas there was non-significant difference in sexual compulsivity between homosexual and heterosexual men [t (2, 50) = 1.30, p = N.S.]. Discussion The results provide preliminary evidence for an association between attachment and sexual compulsivity and the effects of gender and sexual orientation on sexual compulsivity. PMID:25786496

KATZ, LICHEN; EBERHARDT, HILA; COHEN, KOBY; LEJOYEUX, MICHEL

2015-01-01

198

Attachment, Emotion Regulation and Adult Crying  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Attachment serves to facilitate the contact with and proximity to the primary caregiver, in that way contributing to a safe\\u000a exploration of the environment. However, due to inconsistencies in the reaction of the caregiver or her\\/his absence, insecure\\u000a attachment styles may develop. This chapter summarizes attachment theory and assessment issues and describes how these attachment\\u000a processes may exert a life-time

Joyce Maas; Anja Laan; A. J. J. M. Vingerhoets

2010-01-01

199

The Maths File Game Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Broadcasting Corporation offers this great collection of fun, educational games that help children learn basic concepts of mathematics. Twelve interactive games are available in all, illustrating principles of data handling, numbers, algebra, and measurement. Children can practice interpreting Cartesian coordinates by guiding a space ship across a grid, or compete with an animated character in a test of fractions and percentages. In addition to the online games, several other activities are presented in one-page documents for easy printing.

2007-12-12

200

Attachment: Building Secure Relationships in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment describes the unique human ability to form lasting relationships with others, and to maintain these relationships over time and distance. Research into attachment has shown that children have the potential to form many attachment relationships, and that each relationship can contribute to the child's growing sense of self. This booklet…

Harrison, Linda

2003-01-01

201

Hot-Melt Adhesive Attachment System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Adhesive system is as effective on Earth as in space. Fiberglass cloth mounted in head assembly. When adhesive reaches melt temperature head is attached to metals composites, ceramics, and other materials. Once attached, head cooled rapidly for quick stick. Used to tether tools or attach temporary scaffolding to walls, buildings, or beams.

Fox, R. L.; Frizzell, A. W.; Little, B. D.; Progar, D. J.; Coultrip, R. H.; Couch, R. H.; Stein, B. A.; Buckley, J. D.; St. Clair, T. L.; Gleason, J. R.

1983-01-01

202

Genetic and Environmental Influence on Attachment Disorganization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Empirical studies demonstrate that maternal sensitivity is associated with attachment security in infancy, while maternal frightening/frightened behavior is related to attachment disorganization. However, attachment disorganization is also predicted by individual dispositions in infancy. Indeed, recent studies indicate a link between…

Spangler, Gottfried; Johann, Monika; Ronai, Zsolt; Zimmermann, Peter

2009-01-01

203

Parental Attachment and gender-role identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) and the Bem Sex-Role Inventory were given to 218 primarily middle class college students of whom 90% were Caucasian. A 2 × 4 × 2 univariate factorial analysis of variance was used to examine the association of attachment level with gender, gender-role identity, and the within subjects factor of attachment figure. Feminine

V. F. Haigler; H. D. Day; D. D. Marshall

1995-01-01

204

Environmental and genetic influences on early attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory predicts and subsequent empirical research has amply demonstrated that individual variations in patterns of early attachment behaviour are primarily influenced by differences in sensitive responsiveness of caregivers. However, meta-analyses have shown that parenting behaviour accounts for about one third of the variance in attachment security or disorganisation. The exclusively environmental explanation has been challenged by results demonstrating some,

Judit Gervai

2009-01-01

205

Attachment and Psychopathology Among Formerly Maltreated Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of attachment security and psychopathology in an adult sample of high-risk abuse survivors. Attachment security was conceptualized in terms of two underlying dimensions, the working models of self and other. A sample of 66 survivors of childhood maltreatment completed measures of abuse history, attachment style, and psychopathology. Results demonstrated a

Robert T. Muller; Kathryn E. Lemieux; Lisa A. Sicoli

2001-01-01

206

Attachment classification, psychophysiology and frontal EEG asymmetry across the lifespan: a review  

PubMed Central

In recent years research on physiological response and frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry in different patterns of infant and adult attachment has increased. We review research findings regarding associations between attachment classifications and frontal EEG asymmetry, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA). Studies indicate that insecure attachment is related to a heightened adrenocortical activity, heart rate and skin conductance in response to stress, which is consistent with the hypothesis that attachment insecurity leads to impaired emotion regulation. Research on frontal EEG asymmetry also shows a clear difference in the emotional arousal between the attachment groups evidenced by specific frontal asymmetry changes. Furthermore, we discuss neurophysiological evidence of attachment organization and present up-to-date findings of EEG-research with adults. Based on the overall patterns of results presented in this article we identify some major areas of interest and directions for future research. PMID:25745393

Gander, Manuela; Buchheim, Anna

2015-01-01

207

Attachment classification, psychophysiology and frontal EEG asymmetry across the lifespan: a review.  

PubMed

In recent years research on physiological response and frontal electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry in different patterns of infant and adult attachment has increased. We review research findings regarding associations between attachment classifications and frontal EEG asymmetry, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPA). Studies indicate that insecure attachment is related to a heightened adrenocortical activity, heart rate and skin conductance in response to stress, which is consistent with the hypothesis that attachment insecurity leads to impaired emotion regulation. Research on frontal EEG asymmetry also shows a clear difference in the emotional arousal between the attachment groups evidenced by specific frontal asymmetry changes. Furthermore, we discuss neurophysiological evidence of attachment organization and present up-to-date findings of EEG-research with adults. Based on the overall patterns of results presented in this article we identify some major areas of interest and directions for future research. PMID:25745393

Gander, Manuela; Buchheim, Anna

2015-01-01

208

Attachment Patterns in the Psychotherapy Relationship: Development of the Client Attachment to Therapist Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes development of an instrument, the Client Attachment to Therapist Scale (CATS). CATS factors correlated in expected directions with survey measures of object relations, client-rated working alliance, social self-efficacy, and adult attachment. Cluster analysis revealed four types of client attachment. Discusses implications of attachment

Mallinckrodt, Brent; And Others

1995-01-01

209

The Attachment System in Fledgling Relationships: An Activating Role for Attachment Anxiety  

E-print Network

relationships. Keywords: attachment, anxiety, attraction, speed-dating, passionate love Imagine that you haveThe Attachment System in Fledgling Relationships: An Activating Role for Attachment Anxiety Paul W) romantic relationships, well before the formation of an attachment bond. Studies 1 and 3 reveal

Reber, Paul J.

210

Attachment at work and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relations between self-reported attachment orientation at work and personality, self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence (aka emotional self-efficacy), and independently assessed career potential and job performance. Self-report data were collected from 211 managers in an international business in the hospitality industry; independent assessments of these managers' job performance and career potential were separately obtained from the organization. A

Elizabeth A. Neustadt; Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic; Adrian Furnham

2011-01-01

211

Managing Beef Cattle for Show  

E-print Network

This publication gives advice on raising beef cattle to exhibit at shows. Topics include animal selection, feeding, general health management, disease prevention, calf handling, and preparing for the show....

Herd, Dennis B.; Boleman, Chris; Boleman, Larry L.

2001-11-16

212

Asia: Showing the Changing Seasons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SeaWiFS false color data showing seasonal change in the oceans and on land for Asia. The data is seasonally averaged, and shows the sequence: fall, winter, spring, summer, fall, winter, spring (for the Northern Hemisphere).

Jesse Allen

1998-09-09

213

ELI Talent Show Final Exams  

E-print Network

Highlights ELI Talent Show Final Exams Scholarship Nominees Graduate Admissions Workshop Reminders from the Office Manners, Cultures, & Grammar TheELIWeekly ELI Talent Show It's going to be a blast! Come one, come all! The 2nd Annual ELI Talent Show will be on Tuesday, April 15th

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

214

Chinese Christians in America: Attachment to God, Stress, and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether attachment to God moderated the relation between perceived stress and well-being (i.e., life satisfaction and positive affect) among 183 Chinese Christian international students and immigrants. Results showed significant main effects of (a) perceived stress on life satisfaction and (b) secure attachment to God and…

Wei, Meifen; Ku, Tsun-Yao; Chen, Hwei-Jane; Wade, Nathaniel; Liao, Kelly Yu-Hsin; Guo, Gwo-Jen

2012-01-01

215

Inconsistencies within Attachment Teaching Practice in Zimbabwe: Call for a Participatory Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article raises some inconsistencies observed in attachment teaching practice in Zimbabwe. The argument made is that these inconsistencies are caused by the different philosophical approaches informing attachment teaching practice and its delivery, which is largely visible in teaching practice supervision. The discussion shows that while…

Chikunda, Charles

2008-01-01

216

Dissociative Experiences and Anger Proneness in Late Adolescent Females with Different Attachment Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study investigated the relationships between dissociative experiences, anger proneness, and attachment styles in a nonclinical sample of late adolescent females. Found a connection between anger proneness and dissociation. Insecurely attached females showed more anger proneness. Results confirm the importance of psychological intervention for…

Calamari, Elena; Pini, Mauro

2003-01-01

217

Representations of Attachment Security in the Bird's Net Drawings of Clients with Substance Abuse Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a study of the graphic indicators in drawings by patients with substance abuse disorders. The Bird's Nest Drawing, an assessment task previously devised to elicit pictorial representations of attachment security, was used to examine attachment patterns of volunteers. Results showed that those with substance abuse diagnoses were…

Francis, Denille M.; Kaiser, Donna; Deaver, Sarah P.

2003-01-01

218

An Attachment-based Parenting Program for Caregivers of Severely Conduct-disordered Adolescents: Preliminary Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Security of attachment is associated with healthy adjustment and successful transition to autonomy during adolescence. This paper reports on findings on an attachment- focused parenting group developed to enhance security in the relationships of parents (or other caregivers) with their severely conduct- disordered adolescents. This brief psycho-educational program focused on promoting enhanced parental-reflective capacity, attunement, and empathy. Preliminary findings show

Marlene Moretti; Roy Holland; Ken Moore; Sue McKay

219

Does Infrared Light Inhibit the Attachment of Zebra Mussels? Primary Investigator: Nathan Hawley -NOAA GLERL  

E-print Network

Does Infrared Light Inhibit the Attachment of Zebra Mussels? Primary Investigator: Nathan Hawley - NOAA GLERL Overview My observations over the last 10 years show that although zebra mussels attach a simple test to determine whether or not the light emitted by the transmissometers deters zebra mussels

220

The Effect of Fathers’ Training Regarding Attachment Skills on Maternal-Fetal Attachments among Primigravida Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background: Fathers’ cooperation has been less taken into account in the process of pregnancy. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of training the fathers regarding attachment skills on maternal-fetal attachment in primigravida women in 2013. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was performed on 150 qualified pregnant women’s husbands. The intervention group took part in four 90-minute sessions of maternal-fetal attachment training held once a week. On the other hand, the control group received the routine pregnancy care. Both groups completed Spielberger’s anxiety scale and Cranley’s questionnaire before and after the intervention. Then, the data were analyzed using paired and independent t-test. Besides, P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The intervention group’s mean score of attachment was 55.98±6.99 and 61.90±5.41 before and after the intervention, respectively. The results of paired t-test revealed a significant difference between the intervention and the control group regarding their mean scores of attachment before and one month after the intervention (P<0.001). Additionally, the results of independent t-test showed a significant difference between the two groups regarding the five dimensions of the questionnaire, namely interaction with the baby (P<0.001), acceptance of maternal role (P<0.001), differentiation between oneself and the baby (P<0.001), attribution of some features to the baby (P=0.01), and self-devotion (P=0.01). Conclusion: Training the fathers regarding the attachment behaviors and skills led to an increase in the maternal-fetal attachment scores. Thus, paternal training should be considered in pregnancy care programs. Trial Registration Number: IRCT2012091910886N1 PMID:25349869

Akbarzade, Marzieh; Setodeh, Sara; Sharif, Farkhondeh; Zare, Najaf

2014-01-01

221

The role of electron attaching impurities in direct current coronae  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the chemistry of pre-breakdown discharges in direct current coronae at both highly-stressed anodes and cathodes showed that the presence of electron attaching impurities is essential. Both positive streamers and negative discharges producing Trichel pulses were investigated and it was found that the amount of impurity required to produce positive streamers is one to several orders higher than

V A Garten; R B Head; J M Overbeek

1968-01-01

222

Survivor-Victim Status, Attachment, and Sudden Death Bereavement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined significance of survivor-victim relationship in understanding grief following sudden death bereavement by suicide or accident. Results showed that survivor-victim attachment was more important than survivor status (parent versus sibling/child) in explaining grief reactions. Compared to accident survivors, suicide survivors experienced…

Reed, Mark D.; Greenwald, Jason Y.

1991-01-01

223

Attachment Perspectives on Classroom Relationships: Helping Ourselves through Helping Others?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: Recent research showing complex interactions between personality, experience, expectancies, values and career choice indicate that a prospective psychodynamic approach, via attachment theory, may yield important complementary motivational information. In this study, an unconscious need for a corrective emotional experience (CEE) driving the…

Riley, Philip

2012-01-01

224

Attachment-related biases in adolescents' memory.  

PubMed

Attachment theorists propose that individuals' internal working models influence their social information processing. This study explored links between attachment representations and social information processing by examining adolescents' (n = 189; Mage  = 16.5 years) attachment-related memory biases. Participants completed laboratory tasks assessing memory for (a) emotionally salient childhood events, (b) adjectives describing their parents, and (c) generalized parent-related characteristics not specific to their own parents. As expected, dismissing attachment (assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview) was linked across tasks to a deactivating strategy in which memory for emotional childhood events and attachment-relevant stimuli was reduced. In contrast, evidence that preoccupied attachment was linked to a hyperactivating strategy in which memory was heightened emerged only in relation to emotional childhood events. PMID:25040922

Dykas, Matthew J; Woodhouse, Susan S; Jones, Jason D; Cassidy, Jude

2014-01-01

225

Adult attachment insecurity and hippocampal cell density  

PubMed Central

Recent findings associate attachment insecurity (assessed as levels of attachment anxiety and avoidance) with poor emotion regulation. In turn, emotion regulation has been shown to be associated with hippocampus (HC) functioning and structure. Clinical disorders such as depression and PTSD, which have been previously associated with attachment insecurity, are also known to be linked with reduced hippocampal cell density. This suggests that attachment insecurity may also be associated with reduced hippocampal cell density. We examined this hypothesis using T1 images of 22 healthy young adults. In line with our hypothesis, attachment avoidance was associated with bilateral HC reduction, whereas attachment anxiety was significantly related to reduced cell concentration in the left HC. The findings are compatible with a neurotoxical model of stress-induced cell reduction in the HC, providing further information on emotion regulation abilities among insecurely attached individuals. PMID:20007241

Gillath, Omri; Pruessner, Jens C.; Eggert, Lucas D.

2010-01-01

226

Characteristics of attachment style in women with dyspareunia.  

PubMed

In this study, the authors explored the relations among painful experience during sexual intercourse, attachment style, and somatization. The authors assessed these variables by self-report of dyspareunia (painful vaginal intercourse) and by completion of the Experience in Close Relationships Scale and the short version of the Brief Symptom Inventory. The sample included 110 women, 45 of whom reported painful intercourse and were defined as the dyspareunia group, and the remaining 65 were defined as the control group. The dyspareunia group showed greater incidence, compared with the control group, of insecure attachment styles defined by higher scores of anxiety and/or avoidance as well as higher somatization levels. Regression analyses revealed that increased level of somatization and higher level of avoidance predicted higher probability for dyspareunia. The authors' findings suggest that women with higher frequency of physical complaints in various body areas and insecure attachment style are more susceptible to report pain during intercourse. PMID:21218327

Granot, Michal; Zisman-Ilani, Yaara; Ram, Einat; Goldstick, Orly; Yovell, Yoram

2011-01-01

227

Enhanced electron attachment to superexcited states of saturated tertiary amines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electron attachment measurements on excimer-laser-excited superexcited states (SES) of saturated amine compounds, and in particular on triethylamine (TEA), have been carried out employing a new experimental technique. A rate equation analysis based on a proposed model shows that the electron attachment rate constant for the SES is several orders of magnitude larger than that for the ground electronic state. The proposed mechanism for electron attachment to SES involves the capture of a near-zero-energy electron—(produced by the same laser pulse that produces the SES)—by a superexcited molecule to form a transient parent anion which subsequently dissociates producing a stable fragment anion. The similarity of the above mechanism to an electron-excited Feshbach resonance is indicated and a scheme for the identification of molecular systems that can be excited (via resonance-enhanced multiphoton excitation) to SES is outlined.

Pinnaduwage, Lal A.; Christophorou, Loucas G.; Bitouni, Anna P.

1991-07-01

228

Promoting a secure attachment: A primary prevention practice model.  

PubMed

It is increasingly recognized that early sensitive care-giving predicts a secure attachment in infancy and early childhood.This preliminary report details the development, implementation and evaluation of a clinical programme that used a targeted prevention approach following a universally-offered screening of parent-infant interactions. The CARE-Index was used to assign dyads to low, medium and high risk groups, and interventions - featuring reflective videotape-based feedback - were tailored to each risk group in order to increase maternal sensitivity and improve infant attachment status. Results showed improved maternal sensitivity in the intervention conditions compared to comparisons. In addition, infants in the intervention conditions were significantly more likely to be classified as secure, and significantly less likely to be classified as having DMM complex attachment strategies. Methodological shortcomings, however, mean that these findings should be regarded as tentative. PMID:20603424

Svanberg, P O; Mennet, Lisa; Spieker, Susan

2010-07-01

229

Attaching quantum dots to HER2 specific phage antibodies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents the results of the attachment of Qdot 655 ITKTM amino (PEG) quantum dots (QDs) (Invitrogen) and CdTe QDs (provided by Institute of Materials Science, VAST) to HER2 (Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor 2) specific phage antibodies (Abs) (provided by Institute of Biotechnology, VAST) in solution. The QDs were attached to the phage display specific HER2 Abs to form a complex QD–Ab. The QDs and complex QD–Ab were characterized by UV-VIS spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and fluorescence microscopy. The fluorescence images show the QDs conjugated to the phage. Due to the QDs attaching to the surface, the phage dimensions were amplified, so its shape could be observed by optical microscopy. The complex QD–Ab was stable and lasted for a month. The results illustrate the value of the HER2 phage–QD complex as a cancer detection platform.

Chu, Viet Ha; Nghiem, Thi Ha Lien; Huyen La, Thi; Dieu Thuy Ung, Thi; Huan Le, Quang; Thuan Tong, Kim; Liem Nguyen, Quang; Nhung Tran, Hong

2010-06-01

230

Sulfhydryl-dependent attachment of Treponema denticola to laminin and other proteins.  

PubMed Central

Attachment of Treponema denticola ATCC 35405 to laminin, a major basement membrane protein, and to other proteins was studied. Microdilution plates were coated with the proteins, and the attachment of T. denticola was measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. Compared with bovine serum albumin (BSA), T. denticola had a high affinity to laminin, fibronectin, fibrinogen, and gelatin, as well as to type I and type IV collagens. Attachment to RGD peptide (Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser, the integrin recognition sequence) was only about 30% of that to laminin and was comparable to attachment to BSA. Tests with laminin fragments obtained through elastase digestion showed that the spirochetes attached well to an A-chain 140-kDa fragment involved in eukaryote cell attachment but did not attach to a 50-kDa fragment that includes the heparin binding site. Pretreatment of T. denticola with soluble laminin, fibronectin, gelatin, BSA, or fibrinogen had no effect on the attachment of the bacteria to laminin or fibronectin. A wide variety of compounds were tested for their possible inhibitory actions on the attachment. While most treatments of T. denticola ATCC 35405 had little or no effect on the attachment to proteins, sulfhydryl reagents p-chloromercuribenzoic acid (pCMBA) and oxidized glutathione inhibited the attachment by 70 to 99%, depending on the protein. When T. denticola was first allowed to attach to proteins, addition of pCMBA or oxidized glutathione could no longer reverse the attachment. Heat treatment of the spirochetes also markedly reduced the attachment to laminin, gelatin, and fibrinogen but not to BSA. Mixed glycosidase treatment of the spirochetes inhibited the attachment by 20 to 80%. None of the above treatments of the substrate proteins had any marked effect on the spirochete attachment. The results indicate that T. denticola has the capacity to bind to many different kinds of proteins by utilizing specific attachment mechanisms. The binding appears to involve protein SH groups and/or carbohydrate residues on the surface of T. denticola. Images PMID:1937780

Haapasalo, M; Singh, U; McBride, B C; Uitto, V J

1991-01-01

231

Electron attachment to thermally excited trichlorotrifluoroethane (1, 1, 2-?)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electron attachment to trichlorotrifluoroethane (1, 1, 2-0022-3727/30/18/015/img10) was investigated in buffer gases of 0022-3727/30/18/015/img11 and Ar using a high-temperature electron swarm apparatus. The negative ion intensity was also measured as a function of electron energy using an electron beam apparatus. The electron attachment rate constant, 0022-3727/30/18/015/img12, was measured in the mean electron energy range, 0022-3727/30/18/015/img13, 0.043 to 4.7 eV and over a temperature, T, range 300 to 700 K in the electron swarm experiments. The electron attachment rate constant was found to first increase slightly with increasing temperature and subsequently decrease for 0022-3727/30/18/015/img14 K. Our room-temperature electron beam study showed that 1, 1, 2-0022-3727/30/18/015/img10 attaches electrons predominantly via dissociative negative ion states and revealed that the electron attachment cross section exhibits three main peaks: one at 0022-3727/30/18/015/img16 eV producing 0022-3727/30/18/015/img17, a second one at 0022-3727/30/18/015/img18 eV due to 0022-3727/30/18/015/img19 and a third one at 0022-3727/30/18/015/img20 eV also producing 0022-3727/30/18/015/img19. The electron attachment cross sections obtained using an electron swarm-unfolding technique show that the peak at 0022-3727/30/18/015/img16 eV observed in the electron beam study is actually composed of three peaks; one at 0022-3727/30/18/015/img16 eV and two more at higher electron energies but below 1.5 eV.

Datskos, Panos G.; Tav, Cumali; Sauers, Isidor; Pinnaduwage, Lal A.

1997-09-01

232

Planning a Successful Tech Show  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tech shows are a great way to introduce prospective students, parents, and local business and industry to a technology and engineering or career and technical education program. In addition to showcasing instructional programs, a tech show allows students to demonstrate their professionalism and skills, practice public presentations, and interact…

Nikirk, Martin

2011-01-01

233

Change in attachment insecurity is related to improved outcomes 1-year post group therapy in women with binge eating disorder.  

PubMed

An interpersonal model of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) posits that difficulties with social functioning precipitate negative affect, which in turn causes binge eating as a means of coping. Thus, long-term decreases in attachment insecurity may be important for women with BED. No research has assessed if long-term change in attachment insecurity is associated with sustained change in other outcomes. In the current study, we hypothesized that changes in attachment anxiety and avoidance will decrease at posttreatment and will be maintained up to 12 months after Group Psychodynamic Interpersonal Psychotherapy (GPIP). We further hypothesized that long-term stability of these changes in attachment insecurity will be related to other long-term outcomes. Women with BED (N = 102) attended 16 sessions of GPIP. Measures were completed pretreatment, posttreatment, at 6 and 12 months follow-up. Attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and the other outcome variables decreased significantly at 12 months posttreatment. Reductions in attachment anxiety and avoidance were significantly related to decreases in interpersonal problems up to 12 months posttreatment, and reduction in attachment anxiety was significantly related to decreases in depressive symptoms 12 months posttreatment. Further, the significant relationship between reduced attachment avoidance and decreased interpersonal problems strengthened over the long term. This is the first study to show an association between change in attachment insecurity and change in other outcomes in the long term, and to show an adaptive spiral in which greater reduction in attachment avoidance is increasingly associated with ongoing improvement of interpersonal problems. PMID:23398032

Maxwell, Hilary; Tasca, Giorgio A; Ritchie, Kerri; Balfour, Louise; Bissada, Hany

2014-03-01

234

Association between the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and adult unresolved attachment  

PubMed Central

Research on antecedents of organized attachment has focused on the quality of caregiving received during childhood. In recent years, research has begun to examine the influence of genetic factors on quality of infant attachment. However, no published studies report on the association between specific genetic factors and adult attachment. This study examined the link between the 5-HTTLPR promoter polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene and adult unresolved attachment assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview. Genetic material and information on attachment-related loss or trauma were available for 86 participants. Multivariate regression analyses showed an association between the short 5-HTTLPR allele and increased risk for unresolved attachment. Temperament traits and psychological symptoms did not affect the association between 5-HTTLPR and unresolved attachment. The authors hypothesize that the increased susceptibility to unresolved attachment among carriers of the short allele of 5-HTTLPR is consistent with the role of serotonin in modulation of frontal–amygdala circuitry. The findings challenge current thinking by demonstrating significant genetic influences on a phenomenon previously thought to be largely environmentally driven. PMID:19209991

Caspers, Kristin M; Paradiso, Sergio; Yucuis, Rebecca; Troutman, Beth; Arndt, Stephan; Philibert, Robert

2013-01-01

235

Factors Affecting Attachment in International Adoptees at 6 Months Post Adoption.  

PubMed

This pilot study examined the effect of five child and maternal factors on the attachment security of international adoptees at six months post adoption. Results from the sample of 22 adoptive mother-infant dyads showed that age at adoption, developmental status, length and quality of preadoption care, and maternal attachment representations were not significant predictors of child attachment status. The number of preadoption placements and the child's stress level did significantly predict attachment status, accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in attachment security. Number of preadoption placements uniquely contributed 14% of that variance (p=.007) while stress level uniquely contributed 12% (p=.01). Children who had fewer preadoption placements had higher attachment security; similarly, children who had lower stress levels had higher attachment security. Results suggest that consistency of preadoption care was more important than its length or quality. Further, the relationship between stress level and attachment security raises the possibility that a lower stress level functions as a protective factor for the developing attachment with the adoptive mother. PMID:22267885

Niemann, Sandra; Weiss, Sandra

2012-01-01

236

Factors Affecting Attachment in International Adoptees at 6 Months Post Adoption  

PubMed Central

This pilot study examined the effect of five child and maternal factors on the attachment security of international adoptees at six months post adoption. Results from the sample of 22 adoptive mother-infant dyads showed that age at adoption, developmental status, length and quality of preadoption care, and maternal attachment representations were not significant predictors of child attachment status. The number of preadoption placements and the child's stress level did significantly predict attachment status, accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in attachment security. Number of preadoption placements uniquely contributed 14% of that variance (p=.007) while stress level uniquely contributed 12% (p=.01). Children who had fewer preadoption placements had higher attachment security; similarly, children who had lower stress levels had higher attachment security. Results suggest that consistency of preadoption care was more important than its length or quality. Further, the relationship between stress level and attachment security raises the possibility that a lower stress level functions as a protective factor for the developing attachment with the adoptive mother. PMID:22267885

Weiss, Sandra

2011-01-01

237

Automatic Activation of Attachment-Related Goals  

PubMed Central

When people encounter threats, their attachment systems are activated and they become motivated to seek protection and support through proximity to their attachment figures. Theoretically, therefore, mental representations of attachment figures should be associated with goals related to attaining proximity and safety. The present studies explore this idea by examining the effects of a person’s chronic attachment style and exposure to a particular attachment figure’s name on the automatic activation of attachment-related goals. Studies 1 and 2 examine effects of exposure to the name of a security-providing attachment figure on willingness to self-disclose and seek support (two behaviors related to gaining proximity). Study 3 examines how exposure to names of different relationship partners (with whom a participant has felt secure, anxious, or avoidant) affects the mental accessibility of attachment-related goal words. Taken together, the studies support the idea that mental representations of attachment figures are associated with attachment-related goals. PMID:16963608

Gillath, Omri; Mikulincer, Mario; Fitzsimons, Grainne M.; Shaver, Phillip R.; Schachner, Dory A.; Bargh, John A.

2009-01-01

238

Affective forecasting and individual differences: accuracy for relational events and anxious attachment.  

PubMed

We examined whether accuracy of affective forecasting for significant life events was moderated by a theoretically relevant individual difference (anxious attachment), with different expected relations to predicted and actual happiness. In 3 studies (2 cross-sectional, 1 longitudinal), participants predicted what their happiness would be after entering or ending a romantic relationship. Consistent with previous research, people were generally inaccurate forecasters. However, inaccuracy for entering a relationship was significantly moderated by anxious attachment. Predictions were largely unrelated to anxious attachment, but actual happiness was negatively related to attachment anxiety. Moderation for breaking up showed a similar but less consistent pattern. These results suggest a failure to account for one's degree of anxious attachment when making affective forecasts and show how affective forecasting accuracy in important life domains may be moderated by a focally relevant individual difference, with systematically different associations between predicted and actual happiness. PMID:20515233

Tomlinson, Jennifer M; Carmichael, Cheryl L; Reis, Harry T; Aron, Arthur

2010-06-01

239

Split ring containment attachment device  

DOEpatents

A containment attachment device 10 for operatively connecting a glovebag 200 to plastic sheeting 100 covering hazardous material. The device 10 includes an inner split ring member 20 connected on one end 22 to a middle ring member 30 wherein the free end 21 of the split ring member 20 is inserted through a slit 101 in the plastic sheeting 100 to captively engage a generally circular portion of the plastic sheeting 100. A collar potion 41 having an outer ring portion 42 is provided with fastening means 51 for securing the device 10 together wherein the glovebag 200 is operatively connected to the collar portion 41.

Sammel, Alfred G. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1996-01-01

240

DNA attachment to support structures  

DOEpatents

Microscopic beads or other structures are attached to nucleic acids (DNA) using a terminal transferase. The transferase adds labeled dideoxy nucleotide bases to the ends of linear strands of DNA. The labels, such as the antigens digoxigenin and biotin, bind to the antibody compounds or other appropriate complementary ligands, which are bound to the microscopic beads or other support structures. The method does not require the synthesis of a synthetic oligonucleotide probe. The method can be used to tag or label DNA even when the DNA has an unknown sequence, has blunt ends, or is a very large fragment (e.g., >500 kilobase pairs).

Balhorn, Rodney L. (Livermore, CA); Barry, Christopher H. (Fresno, CA)

2002-01-01

241

Preferential attachment with partial information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a preferential attachment model for network growth where new entering nodes have a partial information about the state of the network. Our main result is that the presence of bounded information modifies the degree distribution by introducing an exponential tail, while it preserves a power law behaviour over a finite small range of degrees. On the other hand, unbounded information is sufficient to let the network grow as in the standard Barabási-Albert model. Surprisingly, the latter feature holds true also when the fraction of known nodes goes asymptotically to zero. Analytical results are compared to direct simulations.

Carletti, Timoteo; Gargiulo, Floriana; Lambiotte, Renaud

2015-01-01

242

Using Graphs to Show Connections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this resource is to show how graphs of GLOBE data over time show the interconnectedness of Earth's system components at the local level. Students visit a study site, where they observe and recall their existing knowledge of air, water, soil, and living things to make a list of interconnections among the four Earth system components. They make predictions about the effects of a change in a system, inferring ways these changes affect the characteristics of other related components.

The GLOBE Program, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

2003-08-01

243

The moderating role of father's care on the onset of binge eating symptoms among female late adolescents with insecure attachment.  

PubMed

The present study examined the association between quality of attachment, perception of the father's bond, and binge eating symptoms in a sample of female late adolescents. In total, 233 female students aged between 18 and 20 years completed measures on binge eating, quality of attachment and parent-child relationship. Data showed that respondents with binge symptoms reported lower scores on secure attachment and father's care, and higher scores on preoccupied and fearful attachment. Binge eating symptoms were associated with father's care, but not with father's overprotection. Also, binge symptoms were negatively associated with secure attachment styles, and positively with preoccupied and fearful attachment. The data, finally, provided evidence that at higher levels of preoccupied attachment, the impact of binge symptoms tended to be lower when father's care was high. PMID:22076662

Pace, Ugo; Cacioppo, Marco; Schimmenti, Adriano

2012-04-01

244

Completely extruded talus without soft tissue attachments.  

PubMed

A completely extruded talus without any remaining soft tissue attachments is extremely rare. The present report describes treatment of a 45-year-old man who sustained a completely extruded talus injury following a rock-climbing fall. Upon admission, the extruded talus was deep-frozen in our bone bank. The open ankle joint underwent massive wound debridement and irrigation for 3 days. Four days later we performed a primary subtalar fusion between the extruded talus and the calcaneus, anticipating revascularization from the calcaneus. However, aseptic loosening and osteolysis developed around the screw and talus. At 12 months post-trauma we performed a tibiocalcaneal ankle fusion with a femoral head allograft to fill the talar defect. Follow-up at 24 months post-trauma showed the patient had midfoot motion, tibio-talar-calcaneal fusion, and was able partake in 4-hour physical activity twice per week. PMID:24765266

Choi, Young Rak; Jeong, Jae Jung; Lee, Ho Seong; Kim, Sang Woo; Suh, Jin-Soo

2011-03-29

245

Completely extruded talus without soft tissue attachments  

PubMed Central

A completely extruded talus without any remaining soft tissue attachments is extremely rare. The present report describes treatment of a 45-year-old man who sustained a completely extruded talus injury following a rock-climbing fall. Upon admission, the extruded talus was deep-frozen in our bone bank. The open ankle joint underwent massive wound debridement and irrigation for 3 days. Four days later we performed a primary subtalar fusion between the extruded talus and the calcaneus, anticipating revascularization from the calcaneus. However, aseptic loosening and osteolysis developed around the screw and talus. At 12 months post-trauma we performed a tibiocalcaneal ankle fusion with a femoral head allograft to fill the talar defect. Follow-up at 24 months post-trauma showed the patient had midfoot motion, tibio-talar-calcaneal fusion, and was able partake in 4-hour physical activity twice per week. PMID:24765266

Choi, Young Rak; Jeong, Jae Jung; Lee, Ho Seong; Kim, Sang Woo; Suh, Jin-Soo

2011-01-01

246

Dissociative electron attachment studies on acetone  

SciTech Connect

Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to acetone is studied in terms of the absolute cross section for various fragment channels in the electron energy range of 0–20 eV. H{sup ?} is found to be the most dominant fragment followed by O{sup ?} and OH{sup ?} with only one resonance peak between 8 and 9 eV. The DEA dynamics is studied by measuring the angular distribution and kinetic energy distribution of fragment anions using Velocity Slice Imaging technique. The kinetic energy and angular distribution of H{sup ?} and O{sup ?} fragments suggest a many body break-up for the lone resonance observed. The ab initio calculations show that electron is captured in the multi-centered anti-bonding molecular orbital which would lead to a many body break-up of the resonance.

Prabhudesai, Vaibhav S., E-mail: vaibhav@tifr.res.in; Tadsare, Vishvesh; Ghosh, Sanat; Gope, Krishnendu; Davis, Daly; Krishnakumar, E. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India)

2014-10-28

247

Dissociative electron attachment studies on acetone.  

PubMed

Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to acetone is studied in terms of the absolute cross section for various fragment channels in the electron energy range of 0-20 eV. H(-) is found to be the most dominant fragment followed by O(-) and OH(-) with only one resonance peak between 8 and 9 eV. The DEA dynamics is studied by measuring the angular distribution and kinetic energy distribution of fragment anions using Velocity Slice Imaging technique. The kinetic energy and angular distribution of H(-) and O(-) fragments suggest a many body break-up for the lone resonance observed. The ab initio calculations show that electron is captured in the multi-centered anti-bonding molecular orbital which would lead to a many body break-up of the resonance. PMID:25362312

Prabhudesai, Vaibhav S; Tadsare, Vishvesh; Ghosh, Sanat; Gope, Krishnendu; Davis, Daly; Krishnakumar, E

2014-10-28

248

Preferential attachment in multiple trade networks.  

PubMed

In this paper we develop a model for the evolution of multiple networks which is able to replicate the concentrated and sparse nature of world trade data. Our model is an extension of the preferential attachment growth model to the case of multiple networks. Countries trade a variety of goods of different complexity. Every country progressively evolves from trading less sophisticated to high-tech goods. The probabilities of capturing more trade opportunities at a given level of complexity and of starting to trade more complex goods are both proportional to the number of existing trade links. We provide a set of theoretical predictions and simulative results. A calibration exercise shows that our model replicates the same concentration level of world trade as well as the sparsity pattern of the trade matrix. We also discuss a set of numerical solutions to deal with large multiple networks. PMID:25215791

Foschi, Rachele; Riccaboni, Massimo; Schiavo, Stefano

2014-08-01

249

Preferential attachment in multiple trade networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we develop a model for the evolution of multiple networks which is able to replicate the concentrated and sparse nature of world trade data. Our model is an extension of the preferential attachment growth model to the case of multiple networks. Countries trade a variety of goods of different complexity. Every country progressively evolves from trading less sophisticated to high-tech goods. The probabilities of capturing more trade opportunities at a given level of complexity and of starting to trade more complex goods are both proportional to the number of existing trade links. We provide a set of theoretical predictions and simulative results. A calibration exercise shows that our model replicates the same concentration level of world trade as well as the sparsity pattern of the trade matrix. We also discuss a set of numerical solutions to deal with large multiple networks.

Foschi, Rachele; Riccaboni, Massimo; Schiavo, Stefano

2014-08-01

250

Blood Fats Hold Vitamin E Captive, Study Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Blood Fats Hold Vitamin E Captive, Study Shows Less than one-third ... March 20, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Cholesterol Triglycerides Vitamin E FRIDAY, March 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- High ...

251

Methane production by attached film  

DOEpatents

A method for purifying wastewater of biodegradable organics by converting the organics to methane and carbon dioxide gases is disclosed, characterized by the use of an anaerobic attached film expanded bed reactor for the reaction process. Dilute organic waste material is initially seeded with a heterogeneous anaerobic bacteria population including a methane-producing bacteria. The seeded organic waste material is introduced into the bottom of the expanded bed reactor which includes a particulate support media coated with a polysaccharide film. A low-velocity upward flow of the organic waste material is established through the bed during which the attached bacterial film reacts with the organic material to produce methane and carbon dioxide gases, purified water, and a small amount of residual effluent material. The residual effluent material is filtered by the film as it flows upwardly through the reactor bed. In a preferred embodiment, partially treated effluent material is recycled from the top of the bed to the bottom of the bed for further treatment. The methane and carbon dioxide gases are then separated from the residual effluent material and purified water.

Jewell, William J. (202 Eastwood Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850)

1981-01-01

252

Electron Attachment to BCl_3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have used a numerical optimization algorithm(W.L. Morgan, Phys. Rev. A 44), 1677 (1991); J. Phys. D 26, 209 (1993). to derive low energy electron attachment cross sections for BCl3 from published attachment rate coefficient data. The low energy cross section peaks at about 10 square Angstroms between 0.1 and 0.2 eV. The energy is in agreement with Olthoff's(J.K. Olthoff, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland (1985).) unpublished relative measurements. Due to the size of this cross section, its position relative to the BCl3 vibrational excitation thresholds, and to the Ramsauer minimum in the Ar momentum transfer cross section, its effects on the drift velocities measured(D.L. Mosteller, Jr., et al.), J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2247 (1993). in Ar/BCl3 mixtures is expected to be significant. This will be discussed using Boltzmann calculations of the drift velocities in such mixtures.

Morgan, W. L.

1997-10-01

253

Electron Attachment to BCl_3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have used a numerical optimization algorithm(W.L. Morgan, Phys. Rev. A 44), 1677 (1991); J. Phys. D 26, 209 (1993). to derive low energy electron attachment cross sections for BCl3 from published attachment rate coefficient data. The low energy cross section peaks at about 10 Åbetween 0.1 and 0.2 eV. The energy is in agreement with Olthoff's(J.K. Olthoff, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland (1985).) unpublished relative measurements. Due to the size of this cross section, its position relative to the BCl3 vibrational excitation thresholds, and to the Ramsauer minimum in the Ar momentum transfer cross section, its effects on the drift velocities measured(D.L. Mosteller, Jr., et al.), J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2247 (1993). in Ar/BCl3 mixtures is expected to be significant. This will be discussed using Boltzmann calculations of the drift velocities in such mixtures.

Morgan, W. L.

1997-04-01

254

National Orange Show Photovoltaic Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

National Orange Show Photovoltaic Demonstration created a 400KW Photovoltaic self-generation plant at the National Orange Show Events Center (NOS). The NOS owns a 120-acre state fairground where it operates an events center and produces an annual citrus fair known as the Orange Show. The NOS governing board wanted to employ cost-saving programs for annual energy expenses. It is hoped the Photovoltaic program will result in overall savings for the NOS, help reduce the State's energy demands as relating to electrical power consumption, improve quality of life within the affected grid area as well as increase the energy efficiency of buildings at our venue. In addition, the potential to reduce operational expenses would have a tremendous effect on the ability of the NOS to service its community.

Dan Jimenez (NOS)Sheri Raborn, CPA (National Orange Show); Tom Baker (California Construction Authority)

2008-03-31

255

Diarrheal Disease in Show Swine  

E-print Network

D iarrhea is one of the most important problems in show pigs. It can occur at any time, from first obtaining a show pig through the last day of exhi- bition. It can become a chronic condition that persists for weeks. Diarrhea can be caused..., in itself, cause loose stools or diarrhea. If a pig is grow- ing well but has a chronically loose stool, reduce the pro- tein and/or increase fiber in the diet. If the stool does not firm up, there are probably other causes of diarrhea. Parasitic Causes...

Lawhorn, D. Bruce

2007-02-27

256

Attachment and Emotion in Autobiographical Memory Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation of attachment status to autobiographical memory was assessed in 3.5- to 4.5-year-olds. Of specific interest was the relation between attachment status and the emotional content of parent–child memory conversations. Forty-six mother–child dyads discussed four events designed to elicit positive and negative emotional themes. Both attachment status and gender moderated the emotional content of this memory talk. Mother–daughter dyads

M. Jeffrey Farrar; Lauren G. Fasig; Melissa K. Welch-Ross

1997-01-01

257

Adult attachment style and romantic lovestyle orientation  

E-print Network

This study explores the link between attachment theory, developed by Bowlby, Ainsworth, and others, and the adult romantic lovestyle theory developed by Alan Lee. It was hypothesized that one's attachment style to mother, father, and romantic love partner... behavior is a form of behavior that children engage in to attain and/or maintain a desired state of proximity to primary caregivers. According to Bowlby, the human infant is instinctively inclined to develop a close attachment to the primary caregiver...

Gordon, Melanie Nadine

1990-01-01

258

Correlates of Self-reported Attachment (In)security in Children: The Role of Parental Romantic Attachment Status and Rearing Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the influence of self-reported parental romantic attachment status and rearing behaviors on children’s self-reported\\u000a attachment (in)security towards father and mother in a sample of 237 non-clinical children aged 9–12. All children and their\\u000a parents completed a single-item measure of attachment style. The parents further completed an index of their authoritative,\\u000a authoritarian, and permissive rearing behaviors. Results showed that

Jeffrey Roelofs; Cor Meesters; Peter Muris

2008-01-01

259

Midterm Picnic ELI Talent Show  

E-print Network

Highlights Midterm Picnic ELI Talent Show Notes from the Office Birthdays Manners Grammar The the new ELI students. All ELI students, staff, and friends are invited to the Midterm/Welcome picnic Where: Broward Beach (Behind Broward and Yulee Halls, across 13th Street from the ELI). What to Bring

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

260

Producing Talent and Variety Shows.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies key aspects of producing talent shows and outlines helpful hints for avoiding pitfalls and ensuring a smooth production. Presents suggestions concerning publicity, scheduling, and support personnel. Describes types of acts along with special needs and problems specific to each act. Includes a list of resources. (MJP)

Szabo, Chuck

1995-01-01

261

Attachment Representations and Time Perspective in Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between attachment to parents and peers, time perspective and psychological adjustment\\u000a in adolescence. 2,665 adolescents (M age = 17.03 years, SD = 1.48) completed self-report measures about parent and peer attachment,\\u000a time perspective, sympathy and self-determination. Subjects were divided into four groups based on their parent and peer attachment\\u000a scores: high parent and high peer attachment, low peer and low

Fiorenzo Laghi; Maria D’Alessio; Susanna Pallini; Roberto Baiocco

2009-01-01

262

Experimental Drug Shows Promise in Lowering Cholesterol, Heart Attack Risk  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Experimental Drug Shows Promise in Lowering Cholesterol, Heart Attack Risk Adding the 'investigational biologic' evolocumab ... 2015) Monday, March 16, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Cholesterol Heart Attack Medicines SUNDAY, March 15, 2015 (HealthDay ...

263

New Drug for Crohn's Disease Shows Early Promise  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. New Drug for Crohn's Disease Shows Early Promise But ... not involved in the study. In theory, the new drug -- dubbed mongersen -- could be safer than existing ...

264

Kidney Patients Living Longer on Dialysis, Study Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Kidney Patients Living Longer on Dialysis, Study Shows Better treatments, ... 2015 (HealthDay News) -- New statistics suggest that kidney patients on dialysis are surviving longer. "Declining mortality rates ...

265

More Stroke Patients Getting Clot-Buster Quickly, Study Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. More Stroke Patients Getting Clot-Buster Quickly, Study Shows Many local hospitals now comfortable giving tPA drip, then shipping patients to advanced medical centers (*this news item will ...

266

Obese Kids' Brains Show Stronger Response to Sugar  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Obese Kids' Brains Show Stronger Response to Sugar: Study Research suggests that some children may be ' ... Preidt Monday, December 15, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Carbohydrates Obesity in Children MONDAY, Dec. 15, 2014 (HealthDay ...

267

More Americans Getting Needed Health Care, Survey Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. More Americans Getting Needed Health Care, Survey Shows As coverage expands under 'Obamacare,' fewer ... employers are helping to reverse national trends in health care coverage and affordability," Commonwealth Fund President Dr. David ...

268

Stem Cells, Fecal Transplants Show Promise for Crohn's Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Stem Cells, Fecal Transplants Show Promise for Crohn's Disease But both trials were small and more research is needed (*this news item will not be ...

269

Screening Test Finds Drugs That Show Promise Against Ebola  

MedlinePLUS

... Screening Test Finds Drugs That Show Promise Against Ebola Researchers uncover 53 potential treatments; all are already ... 2015) Wednesday, December 17, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Ebola Medicines WEDNESDAY, Dec. 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A ...

270

20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, AND '10 SMOOT' MARKER (see data pages) - Harvard Bridge, Spanning Charles River at Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

271

Sharing the Love: Prebirth Adult Attachment Status and Coparenting Adjustment During Early Infancy  

PubMed Central

SYNOPSIS Objective The purpose of this study to consider whether attachment security in mothers and fathers promotes more successful early coparenting adjustment, to assess the role of marital quality in amplifying or diminishing any such effects, and to examine interactive effects of maternal and paternal attachment status on coparenting. Design Eighty-five couples transitioning to new parenthood completed Main and Goldwyn’s Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and a multimethod marital evaluation during the pregnancy’s third trimester and participated in comprehensive assessments of coparenting conflict and cohesion at 3 months postpartum. Results Maternal Insecure attachment status predicted higher levels of coparental conflict, as did father Secure status. Families with Insecure fathers exhibited lower coparental cohesion on the whole. Maternal attachment status moderated the relation between paternal attachment status and cohesion, with Insecure father/Secure mother dyads exhibiting the lowest levels of cohesion, and Secure/Secure dyads showing the highest levels. Prenatal marital quality predicted 3-month coparenting cohesion, but not conflict. Prenatal marital quality did not interact with parental attachment status in the prediction of coparenting, but relations between parents’ attachment status and coparenting maintained after controlling for marital quality. Conclusion Prenatally assessed attachment status in both mothers and fathers predicts dimensions of coparenting early in the family life cycle. The impact of attachment status differs in important ways as a function of parent gender, and security in some cases exacerbated rather than buffered the negative impact of partner insecurity on coparental functioning. Effects of parental attachment security on coparenting cannot be properly estimated without reference to contextual factors. PMID:19662107

Talbot, Jean A.; Baker, Jason K.; McHale, James P.

2009-01-01

272

Characteristics of Those Who Participate in Infidelity: The Role of Adult Attachment and Differentiation in Extradyadic Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the relationship between adult attachment style, differentiation, and infidelity. Results indicated that attachment anxiety and avoidance showed significant relationships with infidelity at both the bivariate and multivariate levels of analysis. Differentiation also showed significant results at the bivariate level, whereas the differentiation subconstruct, fusion with others, contributed significantly to the overall model. The knowledge of a

Jessica N. Fish; Thomas W. Pavkov; Joseph L. Wetchler; Jerry Bercik

2012-01-01

273

Performance Modeling of Network-Attached Storage Device Based Hierarchical Mass Storage Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Network attached storage devices improve I/O performance by separating control and data paths and eliminating host intervention during the data transfer phase. Devices are attached to both a high speed network for data transfer and to a slower network for control messages. Hierarchical mass storage systems use disks to cache the most recently used files and a combination of robotic and manually mounted tapes to store the bulk of the files in the file system. This paper shows how queuing network models can be used to assess the performance of hierarchical mass storage systems that use network attached storage devices as opposed to host attached storage devices. Simulation was used to validate the model. The analytic model presented here can be used, among other things, to evaluate the protocols involved in 1/0 over network attached devices.

Menasce, Daniel A.; Pentakalos, Odysseas I.

1995-01-01

274

Development of an attachment-informed measure of sexual behavior in late adolescence.  

PubMed

There is considerable interest in relations between sexual behavior and romantic attachment styles in adolescence as attachment needs are increasingly met through intimate partners rather than parents. The objectives of this research were to organize a measure of sexual behavior within an attachment theory framework, and then show that this new measure uniquely predicted sexual approach styles and invasive sexual experiences. 190 18- and 19-year-old university students in late adolescence completed sexual behavior items that were provided ambivalent (anxious) and avoidant dimensions. These were systematically related to the romantic attachment dimensions of the Experiences in Close Relationships - Revised. However, even after romantic relationship style, gender, and social desirability were controlled, avoidance in sexual relationships predicted lifetime sexual partner number and negatively predicted positive sexual strategies, and ambivalence in sexual relationships predicted invasive and coercive sexual behaviors. A measure specific to sexual relationships informs the attachment and romantic context of sex in late adolescence. PMID:23414943

Szielasko, Alicia L; Symons, Douglas K; Lisa Price, E

2013-04-01

275

Putting up emotional (Facebook) walls? Attachment status and emerging adults' experiences of social networking sites.  

PubMed

Social networking sites (SNS) like Facebook can increase interpersonal connections but also intensify jealousy, envy, and surveillance behaviors. Attachment styles may help explain differences in experiencing SNS. This study investigated the role of attachment in influencing emerging adults' perceptions and feelings about SNS and their disclosures on SNS. Disorganized and anxious attachment predicted subjects' use of SNS to avoid more personal face-to-face communication, suggesting individuals with these tendencies use SNS to hold relationships at a psychological arm's distance. Anxious attachment also predicted feelings of intimacy when using SNS, perhaps reflecting online needs for comfort from others. A case narrative is presented to show how those with insecure attachment patterns may struggle to avoid interpersonal conflict when being continuously presented with ambiguous social information. PMID:23996299

Nitzburg, George C; Farber, Barry A

2013-11-01

276

The effective photoinduction of Haematococcus pluvialis for accumulating astaxanthin with attached cultivation.  

PubMed

As the optimal source of astaxanthin, Haematococcus pluvialis was cultured for commercial production of astaxanthin through two continuous phases: cell growth and astaxanthin induction. In this study, the efficiency of an attached system for producing astaxanthin from H. pluvialis was investigated and compared to that of the suspended system (bubble column bioreactor) under various conditions. Results showed that this attached system is more suitable for photoinduction of H. pluvialis than the suspended bioreactor. Under the optimal conditions, the astaxanthin productivity of the attached system was 65.8 mg m(-2)d(-1) and 2.4-fold of that in the suspended system. This attached approach also offers other advantages over suspended systems, such as, producing astaxanthin under a wide range of light intensities and temperatures, saving water, ease to harvest cells, resisting contamination. Therefore, the attached approach can be considered an economical, environmentally friendly and highly-efficient technology for producing astaxanthin from H. pluvialis. PMID:24787315

Wan, Minxi; Hou, Dongmei; Li, Yuanguang; Fan, Jianhua; Huang, Jianke; Liang, Songtao; Wang, Weiliang; Pan, Ronghua; Wang, Jun; Li, Shulan

2014-07-01

277

Autonomic correlates of attachment insecurity in a sample of women with eating disorders.  

PubMed

This study examined associations between attachment insecurity and autonomic response during the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) in a sample of 47 women with eating disorders using a new system for the synchronous acquisition of behavioral and physiological data: the Bio Dual-channel and Representation of Attachment Multimedia System (BioDReAMS; Soares, Cunha, Zhan Jian Li, Pinho, & Neves, 1998). Consistent with the emerging literature on the psychophysiology of adult attachment, insecurity was positively correlated with electrodermal reactivity during the AAI. Furthermore, relatively secure patients showed some evidence of parasympathetic withdrawal, which can be conceptualized as evidence of more effective emotion regulation. Results suggest that, even among women with diagnosed psychopathology, security is associated with moreproductive patterns of psychophysiological response to attachment-related challenges. PMID:21390908

Dias, Pedro; Soares, Isabel; Klein, John; Cunha, João P S; Roisman, Glenn I

2011-03-01

278

Youth hedonistic behaviour: moderating role of peer attachment on the effect of religiosity and worldview  

PubMed Central

This study was carried out on the moderating effect of peer attachment on the relationships between religiosity and worldview, and on how hedonistic behaviour among Malaysian undergraduate students is shaped by such influences. With regard to peer attachment, the study focused on the influences of communication, trust and alienation among youth. Bronfenbrenner's theory of human ecology and Armsden and Greenberg's attachment model were used as the framework. Drawing on a quantitative survey of 394 Malaysian university students (M age = 21.0, SD = 0.40), structural equation modelling and path analysis revealed a significant relationship between worldview and hedonistic behaviour. Peer attachment moderated the relationships between religiosity and religious worldview. The results further showed that the unique moderating effect of the lower level of attachment with peers is positively related to the hedonistic behaviour. Implications from the findings are discussed. PMID:25431513

Hamzah, Siti Raba'ah; Suandi, Turiman; Krauss, Steven Eric; Hamzah, Azimi; Tamam, Ezhar

2014-01-01

279

Electron attachment to Cl2 from 300 to 1100 K: Experiment and theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rate constants for dissociative electron attachment to Cl2 have been measured from 300 to 1100 K in a high-temperature flowing-afterglow Langmuir-probe apparatus. R -matrix calculations have been carried out which compare well with the present measurements with possible deviation at the highest temperatures. The attachment rate constants do not show Arrhenius behavior. The temperature dependence of the calculated rate constants for successive vibrational levels provides insight as to this behavior. While the lowest vibrational level of Cl2 dominates attachment at low temperatures, the rate constant is not flat with temperature because of the p -wave character of the attachment process. The non-Arrhenius behavior is due to a conflict between the increase in attachment cross section with vibrational level (temperature) and the decline in the cross section with electron energy above 50 meV.

Friedman, Jeffrey F.; Miller, Thomas M.; Schaffer, Linda C.; Viggiano, A. A.; Fabrikant, Ilya I.

2009-03-01

280

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AN ATTACHMENT-BASED INTERVENTION IN PROMOTING FOSTER MOTHERS’ SENSITIVITY TOWARD FOSTER INFANTS  

PubMed Central

Infants in foster care need sensitive, responsive caregivers to promote their healthy outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention, a short-term, targeted, attachment-based intervention program designed to promote sensitive caregiving behavior among foster mothers. Ninety-six foster mother–infant dyads participated in this study; 44 dyads were assigned to the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention, and 52 dyads were assigned to a control intervention. Results of hierarchical linear modeling indicated that foster mothers who were assigned to the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention showed greater improvements in their sensitivity from pre- to postintervention assessment time points when compared with foster mothers who were assigned to the control intervention. We conclude that a short-term, targeted, attachment-based intervention is effective in changing foster mothers’ responsiveness to their foster infants, which is critical for foster infants’ healthy socioemotional adjustment. PMID:23997377

BICK, JOHANNA; DOZIER, MARY

2013-01-01

281

Betweenness Centrality as a Driver of Preferential Attachment in the Evolution of Research Collaboration Networks  

E-print Network

We analyze whether preferential attachment in scientific coauthorship networks is different for authors with different forms of centrality. Using a complete database for the scientific specialty of research about "steel structures," we show that betweenness centrality of an existing node is a significantly better predictor of preferential attachment by new entrants than degree or closeness centrality. During the growth of a network, preferential attachment shifts from (local) degree centrality to betweenness centrality as a global measure. An interpretation is that supervisors of PhD projects and postdocs broker between new entrants and the already existing network, and thus become focal to preferential attachment. Because of this mediation, scholarly networks can be expected to develop differently from networks which are predicated on preferential attachment to nodes with high degree centrality.

Abbasi, Alireza; Leydesdorff, Loet

2011-01-01

282

Adult Attachment as a Risk Factor for Intimate Partner Violence : The "Mispairing" of Partners' Attachment Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between intimate partner violence and adult attachment in a sample of 70 couples. The attachment style of each partner and the interaction of the partners' attachment styles were examined as predictors of intimate partner violence. Additional analyses were conducted to examine violence reciprocity and to…

Doumas, Diana M.; Pearson, Christine L.; Elgin, Jenna E.; McKinley, Lisa L.

2008-01-01

283

Adult Attachment, Culturally Adjusted Attachment, and Interpersonal Difficulties of Taiwanese Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the applicability of Western adult attachment perspectives to interpersonal difficulties experienced by individuals with indigenous Chinese cultural backgrounds. A total of 275 Taiwanese university students completed self-report surveys of adult attachment, ideal attachment, and interpersonal problems. Culturally adjusted…

Wang, Chia-Chih DC; Scalise, Dominick A.

2010-01-01

284

Attachment and Autism: Parental Attachment Representations and Relational Behaviors in the Parent-Child Dyad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While attachment research has demonstrated that parents' internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted to their children, affecting children's developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with…

Seskin, Lynn; Feliciano, Eileen; Tippy, Gil; Yedloutschnig, Ruby; Sossin, K. Mark; Yasik, Anastasia

2010-01-01

285

Correlates of Attachment at Age 3: Construct Validity of the Preschool Attachment Classification System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined correlates of attachment at age 3 to further validate preschool separation-reunion measures. Three-year-olds (N = 150) and their mothers participated in a separation-reunion protocol, the Preschool Attachment Classification System (PACS: J. Cassidy & R. S. Marvin with the MacArthur Working Group on Attachment, 1992), and a…

Moss, Ellen; Bureau, Jean-Francois; Cyr, Chantal; Mongeau, Chantal; St-Laurent, Diane

2004-01-01

286

Attachment, caregiving, and volunteering: Placing volunteerism in an attachment-theoretical framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies based on attachment theory demonstrate that dispositional and experimentally manipulated attachment security facilitate cognitive openness and empathy, strengthen self-transcendent values, and foster tolerance of out-group members, suggesting an effect of one behavioral system, attachment, on another, caregiving. Here we report 2 studies conducted in 3 different countries (Israel, the Netherlands, and the United States) to determine whether the

OMRI GILLATH; PHILLIP R. SHAVER; MARIO MIKULINCER; RACHEL E. NITZBERG; AYELET EREZ; MARINUS H. IJZENDOORN

2005-01-01

287

The Adult Attachment Interview and Self-Reports of Attachment Style: An Empirical Rapprochement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although 10 studies have been published on the empirical overlap of the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and measures of self-reported attachment style, results in this literature have been inconsistently interpreted in narrative reviews. This report was designed as a rapprochement of the AAI and attachment style literatures and includes 3 studies. Study 1 (combined N = 961) is a meta-analytic

Glenn I. Roisman; Ashley Holland; Keren Fortuna; R. Chris Fraley; Eric Clausell; Alexis Clarke

2007-01-01

288

Rocks and Minerals Slide Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive slide show of common rocks and minerals allows students to choose from two sets of minerals and click on a thumbnail to see a larger photograph with a full description of the mineral including color, streak, hardness, cleavage/fracture, and chemical composition. Also included are its use and where it is found. The rocks are divided into igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic and can be accessed in the same manner. They are described on the basis of crystal size and mineral composition as well as use.

289

Effects of pitch accents in attachment ambiguity resolution  

PubMed Central

Previous work has found that listeners prefer to attach ambiguous syntactic constituents to nouns produced with a pitch accent (Schafer et al., 1996). This study examines what factors underlie previously established accent attachment effects by testing whether these effects are driven by a preference to attach syntactic constituents to new or important information (the Syntax Hypothesis) or whether there is a bias to respond to post-sentence probe questions with an accented word (the Salience Hypothesis). One of the predictions of the Salience Hypothesis is that selection of accented words should be greater when a sentence is complex and processing resources are limited. The results from the experiments presented here show that the probability of listeners’ selecting accented words when asked about the interpretation of a relative clause varies with sentence type: listeners selected accented words more frequently in long sentences than in short sentences, consistent with the predictions of the Salience Hypothesis. Furthermore, Experiment 4 demonstrates that listeners are more likely to respond to post-sentence questions with accented words than with non-accented words, even when no ambiguity is present, and even when the response results in an incorrect answer. These findings suggest that accent-driven attachment effects found in earlier studies reflect a post-sentence selection process rather than a syntactic processing mechanism. PMID:22287815

Lee, Eun-Kyung; Watson, Duane G.

2011-01-01

290

Session Title: Systems Analysis and Systems Engineering Page 1 of 9 Pages  

E-print Network

, and electrodes of the plasma cutters. #12;Session Title: Systems Analysis and Systems Engineering Page 2 of 9 is to independently rendezvous with a NEO and attach itself. The craft would use plasma jets and laser cutters-powered Neodymium fiber laser beam sheathed in a plasma jet, expanded through a truncated aerospike nozzle. Two

291

Give Them Roots, Then Let Them Fly: Understanding Attachment Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes attachment theory, presents the attachment therapy program in place at the Evergreen Attachment Center at Evergreen, Colorado, and examines the implications of attachment therapy. The chapters are: (1) "An Overview" (Carole A. McKelvey, John Alston); (2) "Attachment Theory and Assessment" (Michael Orlans, Terry Levy); (3)…

McKelvey, Carole A., Ed.

292

Winfried Kurth Attachment Theory and Psychohistory1  

E-print Network

in particular attached high expectations for the creation of a "better world" (Enlightenment; socialism places the term "secure attachment" in the center of its theoretical construct5 , offers sort that if the world could treat children with helping mode parenting, wars and all the other self-destructive social

Kurth, Winfried

293

Attachment Theory and Systems Concepts1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental systems formulations provide a powerful tool for analysis and investigation of complex developmental phenomena, including infant-parent attachment [e.g., Sander, 1975; Sroufe, 1995]. Attachment, especially, calls for complex, nonlinear explanation, because it is an integrative developmental construct characterized by transforming normative features and individual differences operating at the level of behavioral, emotional, and representational organization. Coleman and Watson have done

L. Alan Sroufe; Megan C. Sampson

2000-01-01

294

Adolescent Self-Esteem, Attachment and Loneliness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To assess self-esteem, loneliness and attachment styles among adolescents and examine their association with each other and with age and gender. Method: Adolescents (55 males and 55 females) from a public school in Delhi, aged 10-13 years were administered Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (School Form), Attachment Scale and UCLA…

Dhal, Anubha; Bhatia, Sangeeta; Sharma, Vidhi; Gupta, Priyanka

2007-01-01

295

Attachment, Temperament, and Preschool Children's Peer Acceptance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relations between preschool children's attachment security, temperament, and peer acceptance. Ninety-eight preschool children and their mothers were recruited through childcare centers in the southeast. Mothers and their children participated in two two-hour home observations. Attachment security was assessed using the…

Szewczyk-Sokolowski, Margaret; Bost, Kelly K.; Wainwright, Ada B.

2005-01-01

296

Argument Status and PP-Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepositional phrase attachment was investigated in temporarily ambiguous sentences. Both attachment site (noun phrase or verb phrase) and argument status (argument or adjunct) were manipulated to test the hypothesis that arguments are processed differently than adjuncts. Contrary to this hypothesis, some previous research suggested that arguments…

Boland, Julie E.; Blodgett, Allison

2006-01-01

297

The design of a lightning attachment simulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

When lightning strikes an airplane, it generally attaches to a leading edge such as the nose, wing tips, forward part of a vertical tail, or some other leading edge protrusion and leaves via a sharp trailing edge such as the rear wing tip or tail. In order to clearly visualize this phenomena, a lightning attachment simulator was designed and constructed

C. Douglas; J. Feist; G. Loerzel; R. Nelson; J. Glower; J. Jorgenson; F. Heather

1999-01-01

298

An Attachment Model of University Connectedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with high levels of connectedness to the university have been found to be more likely to complete their college degree than are students with low levels of university connectedness. This study examined the role of parental and peer attachment as distal predictors of school connectedness. As predicted, it was found that attachment style to…

Wilson, Steffen; Gore, Jonathan

2013-01-01

299

Parental incarceration, attachment and child psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theory and evidence relating parental incarceration, attachment, and psychopathology are reviewed. Parental incarceration is a strong risk factor for long-lasting psychopathology, including antisocial and internalizing outcomes. Parental incarceration might threaten children's attachment security because of parent–child separation, confusing communication about parental absence, restricted contact with incarcerated parents, and unstable caregiving arrangements. Parental incarceration can also cause economic strain, reduced supervision,

Joseph Murray; Lynne Murray

2010-01-01

300

Stability of Attachment during the Preschool Period  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's attachment patterns at early preschool age and 2 years later as well as factors related to stability-instability were examined in a diverse socioeconomic status French Canadian sample of 120 children. Attachment was assessed during 2 laboratory visits using separation-reunion procedures when the children were approximately 3.5 (J.…

Moss, Ellen; Cyr, Chantal; Bureau, Jean-Francois; Tarabulsy, George M.; Dubois-Comtois, Karine

2005-01-01

301

Attachment Representations and Time Perspective in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between attachment to parents and peers, time perspective and psychological adjustment in adolescence. 2,665 adolescents (M age = 17.03 years, SD = 1.48) completed self-report measures about parent and peer attachment, time perspective, sympathy and self-determination. Subjects were divided into four groups…

Laghi, Fiorenzo; D'Alessio, Maria; Pallini, Susanna; Baiocco, Roberto

2009-01-01

302

Alexithymia and attachment insecurities in impulsive aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this study were to develop a new measure of impulsive aggressiveness, and to assess whether this measure was associated with deficits in mentalized affectivity and adult attachment styles in a sample of 637 non-clinical participants. Extending Fonagy and Bateman's (2004) hypothesis, the mediating role of poor affectivity mentalization in the relationship between insecure attachment styles and impulsive

Andrea Fossati; Elena Acquarini; Judith A. Feeney; Serena Borroni; Federica Grazioli; Laura E. Giarolli; Gianluca Franciosi; Cesare Maffei

2009-01-01

303

Attachment Studies with Borderline Patients: A Review  

PubMed Central

Clinical theorists have suggested that disturbed attachments are central to borderline personality disorder (BPD) psychopathology. This article reviews 13 empirical studies that examine the types of attachment found in individuals with this disorder or with dimensional characteristics of BPD. Comparison among the 13 studies is handicapped by the variety of measures and attachment types that these studies have employed. Nevertheless, every study concludes that there is a strong association between BPD and insecure attachment. The types of attachment found to be most characteristic of BPD subjects are unresolved, preoccupied, and fearful. In each of these attachment types, individuals demonstrate a longing for intimacy and—at the same time—concern about dependency and rejection. The high prevalence and severity of insecure attachments found in these adult samples support the central role of disturbed interpersonal relationships in clinical theories of BPD. This review concludes that these types of insecure attachment may represent phenotypic markers of vulnerability to BPD, suggesting several directions for future research. PMID:15204804

Agrawal, Hans R.; Gunderson, John; Holmes, Bjarne M.; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen

2006-01-01

304

Attachment Theory, Psychoanalysis, Personality Development, and Psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blatt and Levy place attachment theory and research in a broad theoretical matrix by considering the relationship of attachment patterns to personality development and to different types of psychopathology in adults. Thus Blatt and Levy construct conceptual bridges between the two configurations of personality development and psychopathology that Blatt and colleagues have developed over the past quarter century (e.g., Behrends

Sidney J. Blatt; Kenneth N. Levy

2003-01-01

305

Assessing Users' Attachment to Their Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are often described as very personal objects and users are said to develop deep relationships with them. Motivated by such recurring statements, this paper introduces user-device attachment as a concept describing the relationship between users and their mobile devices. By drawing on literature from marketing, HCI, and sociology, the domain and dimensions of user-device attachment are described. Three

Kai Wehmeyer

2007-01-01

306

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adolescent Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Twin studies consistently point to limited genetic influence on attachment security in the infancy period, but no study has examined whether this remains the case in later development. This study presents the findings from a twin study examining the relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on attachment in…

Fearon, Pasco; Shmueli-Goetz, Yael; Viding, Essi; Fonagy, Peter; Plomin, Robert

2014-01-01

307

Quotations Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sporting a new look and user interface, as well as five hundred new quotations (and a new URL, so check your bookmark file!), this site allows the user to search ten Internet quotation archives for keywords. A new advanced search page offers the choice to search by the text of quotations, author or subject, or all fields; users may search in more than one collection at a time on the advanced search page. The site also provides links to other quotation resources on the Internet, organized by topic. This site is not a replacement for a standard quotation reference source, but rather a constantly expanding selection of quotations available on the Internet. http://www.starlingtech.com/quotes/ Random quotation page: http://www.starlingtech.com/quotes/randquote.cgi

308

ATTACHMENT, BORDERLINE PERSONALITY, AND ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIP DYSFUNCTION  

PubMed Central

Previous studies have implicated attachment and disturbances in romantic relationships as important indicators for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). The current research extends our current knowledge by examining the specific associations among attachment, romantic relationship dysfunction, and BPD, above and beyond the contribution of emotional distress and nonromantic interpersonal functioning in two distinct samples. Study 1 comprised a community sample of women (N = 58) aged 25–36. Study 2 consisted of a psychiatric sample (N = 138) aged 21–60. Results from both Study 1 and Study 2 demonstrated that (1) attachment was specifically related to BPD symptoms and romantic dysfunction, (2) BPD symptoms were specifically associated with romantic dysfunction, and (3) the association between attachment and romantic dysfunction was statistically mediated by BPD symptoms. The findings support specific associations among attachment, BPD symptoms, and romantic dysfunction. PMID:22217225

Hill, Jonathan; Stepp, Stephanie D.; Wan, Ming Wai; Hope, Holly; Morse, Jennifer Q.; Steele, Miriam; Steele, Howard; Pilkonis, Paul A.

2014-01-01

309

Attachment of Agrobacterium to plant surfaces  

PubMed Central

Agrobacterium tumefaciens binds to the surfaces of inanimate objects, plants, and fungi. These bacteria are excellent colonizers of root surfaces. In addition, they also bind to soil particles and to the surface of artificial or man-made substances, such as polyesters and plastics. The mechanisms of attachment to these different surfaces have not been completely elucidated. At least two types of binding have been described unipolarpolysaccharide-dependent polar attachment and unipolar polysaccharide-independent attachment (both polar and lateral). The genes encoding the enzymes for the production of the former are located on the circular chromosome, while the genes involved in the latter have not been identified. The expression of both of these types of attachment is regulated in response to environmental signals. However, the signals to which they respond differ so that the two types of attachment are not necessarily expressed coordinately. PMID:24926300

Matthysse, Ann G.

2014-01-01

310

Casimir experiments showing saturation effects  

SciTech Connect

We address several different Casimir experiments where theory and experiment disagree. First out is the classical Casimir force measurement between two metal half spaces; here both in the form of the torsion pendulum experiment by Lamoreaux and in the form of the Casimir pressure measurement between a gold sphere and a gold plate as performed by Decca et al.; theory predicts a large negative thermal correction, absent in the high precision experiments. The third experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between a metal plate and a laser irradiated semiconductor membrane as performed by Chen et al.; the change in force with laser intensity is larger than predicted by theory. The fourth experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between an atom and a wall in the form of the measurement by Obrecht et al. of the change in oscillation frequency of a {sup 87}Rb Bose-Einstein condensate trapped to a fused silica wall; the change is smaller than predicted by theory. We show that saturation effects can explain the discrepancies between theory and experiment observed in all these cases.

Sernelius, Bo E. [Division of Theory and Modeling, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden)

2009-10-15

311

Analysis of expression and glycosylation of avian metapneumovirus attachment glycoprotein from recombinant baculoviruses.  

PubMed

Recently, we reported the expression and glycosylation of avian metapneumovirus attachment glycoprotein (AMPV/C G protein) in eukaryotic cell lines by a transient-expression method. In the present study, we investigated the biosynthesis and O-linked glycosylation of the AMPV/C G protein in a baculovirus expression system. The results showed that the insect cell-produced G protein migrated more rapidly in SDS-PAGE as compared to LLC-MK2 cell-derived G proteins owing to glycosylation differences. The fully processed, mature form of G protein migrated between 78 and 86 kDa, which is smaller than the 110 kDa mature form of G expressed in LLC-MK2 cells. In addition, several immature G gene products migrating at 40-48 and 60-70 kDa were also detected by SDS-PAGE and represented glycosylated intermediates. The addition of the antibiotic tunicamycin, which blocks early steps of glycosylation, to insect cell culture resulted in the disappearance of two glycosylated forms of the G protein and identified a 38 kDa unglycosylated precursor. The maturation of the G protein was completely blocked by monensin, suggesting that the O-linked glycosylation of G initiated in the trans-Golgi compartment. The presence of O-linked sugars on the mature protein was further confirmed by lectin Arachis hypogaea binding assay. Furthermore, antigenic features of the G protein expressed in insect cells were evaluated by ELISA. PMID:20713098

Luo, Lizhong; Nishi, Krista; MacLeod, Erin; Sabara, Marta I; Li, Yan

2010-11-01

312

Longitudinal association between adolescent attachment, adult romantic attachment, and emotion regulation strategies.  

PubMed

Attachment security towards parents and peers in adolescence, and romantic attachment styles and emotion regulation strategies in young adulthood, were evaluated using an eight-year longitudinal design. Fifty-six young adults completed the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA) at age 14, and then, at age 22, the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), an emotion regulation questionnaire concerning coping strategies, including task-oriented versus emotion-oriented foci. Results indicated that greater insecurity to parents and peers in adolescence predicted a more anxious romantic attachment style and greater use of emotion-oriented strategies in adulthood. Concurrently, anxious adult attachment style was related to more emotion-oriented strategies, whereas an avoidant attachment style was related to less support-seeking. Analyses also identified emotion-oriented coping strategies as a partial mediator of the link between adolescent attachment insecurity to parents and adult anxious attachment, and a complete mediator of the association between adolescent attachment insecurity to peers and adult anxious attachment. These findings support the core assumption of continuity in attachment theory, where relationships to parents influence close romantic relationships in adulthood. PMID:23216393

Pascuzzo, Katherine; Cyr, Chantal; Moss, Ellen

2013-01-01

313

Influence of nanophase titania topography on bacterial attachment and metabolism  

PubMed Central

Surfaces with nanophase compared to conventional (or nanometer smooth) topographies are known to have different properties of area, charge, and reactivity. Previously published research indicates that the attachment of certain bacteria (such as Pseudomonas fluorescens 5RL) is higher on surfaces with nanophase compared to conventional topographies, however, their effect on bacterial metabolism is unclear. Results presented here show that the adhesion of Pseudomonas fluorescens 5RL and Pseudomonas putida TVA8 was higher on nanophase than conventional titania. Importantly, in terms of metabolism, bacteria attached to the nanophase surfaces had higher bioluminescence rates than on the conventional surfaces under all nutrient conditions. Thus, the results from this study show greater select bacterial metabolism on nanometer than conventional topographies, critical results with strong consequences for the design of improved biosensors for bacteria detection. PMID:19337418

Park, Margaret R; Banks, Michelle K; Applegate, Bruce; Webster, Thomas J

2008-01-01

314

Credit BG. View shows north and west sides of structure ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Credit BG. View shows north and west sides of structure as seen when looking east southeast (124°). The thick walls of this building are solid concrete, and the rooms are isolated from each other. The magazine is rated for a maximum of 100 pounds (45.4 Kg) of class 1.1 materials, and two personnel. Handles, attached to walls next to door handles, are static electric discharge points for personnel to touch before entering magazine doors. Note the lightning rods on roof corners and the exterior electrical system for interior lighting - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Igniter Magazine, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

315

Cephalopod Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Detailed information on octopus, squid and cuttlefish with links to other cephalopod and mollusc pages. Site features a classification section complete with pictures, articles from in-house scientists, conference information, a mailing list, and even a section on where you can purchase different cephalopods. Links to CephBase, an interactive database with photos, videos, publications, and much more, all concerning cephalopods.

316

The role of attachment style in facebook use and social capital: evidence from university students and a national sample.  

PubMed

Social networking sites (SNSs) can be beneficial tools for users to gain social capital. Although social capital consists of emotional and informational resources accumulated through interactions with strong or weak social network ties, the existing literature largely ignores attachment style in this context. This study employed attachment theory to explore individuals' attachment orientations toward Facebook usage and toward online and offline social capital. A university student sample (study 1) and a representative national sample (study 2) showed consistent results. Secure attachment was positively associated with online bonding and bridging capital and offline bridging capital. Additionally, secure attachment had an indirect effect on all capital through Facebook time. Avoidant attachment was negatively associated with online bonding capital. Anxious-ambivalent attachment had a direct association with online bonding capital and an indirect effect on all capital through Facebook. Interaction frequency with good friends on Facebook positively predicted all online and offline capital, whereas interaction frequency with average friends on Facebook positively predicted online bridging capital. Interaction frequency with acquaintances on Facebook was negatively associated with offline bonding capital. The study concludes that attachment style is a significant factor in guiding social orientation toward Facebook connections with different ties and influences online social capital. The study extends attachment theory among university students to a national sample to provide more generalizable evidence for the current literature. Additionally, this study extends attachment theory to the SNS setting with a nuanced examination of types of Facebook friends after controlling extraversion. Implications for future research are discussed. PMID:25751049

Lin, Jih-Hsuan

2015-03-01

317

Low-energy electron attachment to chloroform (CHCl3) molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results from a joint experimental and theoretical study of electron attachment to chloroform (CHCl3) molecules in the gas phase are reported. In an electron swarm study involving a pulsed Townsend technique with equal gas and electron temperatures, accurate attachment rate coefficients were determined over the temperature range 295-373 K; they show an Arrhenius-type rise with increasing temperature, corresponding to an activation energy of 0.11(1) eV. In a high resolution electron beam experiment involving two versions of the laser photoelectron attachment method, the relative cross section for Cl- formation from CHCl3 over the energy range 0.001-1.25 eV at the gas temperature TG = 300 K was measured. It exhibits clear downward cusp structure at the threshold for excitation of one quantum of the vibrational symmetric deformation mode [nu]3, indicating that this mode is active in the primary attachment process. With reference to our thermal attachment rate coefficient k(T = 300 K) = 3.9(2) × 10-9 cm3 s-1, a new highly resolved absolute attachment cross section for TG = 300 K was determined. This cross section is extended to higher energies by measurements, carried out with a pulsed electron beam apparatus which also provided new data for the distinctly weaker fragment anions HCl2- and CCl2-. The resulting total absolute cross section for anion formation is used to calculate the dependence of the attachment rate coefficient k(Te;TG) on electron temperature Te over the range 50-15000 K at the fixed gas temperature TG = 300 K. In addition, we report the dependence of the relative cross section for Cl- formation on gas temperature (TG = 310-435 K). For comparison with the experimental data, R-matrix calculations have been carried out for the dominant anion channel Cl-. The results recover the main experimental observations and predict the dependence of the DEA cross section on the initial vibrational level [nu]3 and on the vibrational temperature. Our results are compared with those of previous electron beam and electron swarm experiments.

Kopyra, J.; Szamrej, I.; Graupner, K.; Graham, L. M.; Field, T. A.; Sulzer, P.; Denifl, S.; Märk, T. D.; Scheier, P.; Fabrikant, I. I.; Braun, M.; Ruf, M. W.; Hotop, H.

2008-11-01

318

NANOINDENTATION OF THE INSERTIONAL ZONES OF HUMAN MENISCAL ATTACHMENTS INTO UNDERLYING BONE  

PubMed Central

The fibrocartilagenous knee menisci are situated between the femoral condyles and tibia plateau and are primarily anchored to the tibia by means of four attachments at the anterior and posterior horns. Strong fixation of meniscal attachments to the tibial plateau provide resistance to extruding forces of the meniscal body, allowing the menisci to assist in load transmission from the femur to the tibia. Clinically, tears and ruptures of the meniscal attachments and insertion to bone are rare. While it has been suggested that the success of a meniscal replacement is dependent on several factors, one of which is the secure fixation and firm attachment of the replacement to the tibial plateau, little is known about the material properties of meniscal attachments and the transition in material properties from the meniscus to subchondral bone. The objective of this study was to use nanoindentation to investigate the transition from meniscal attachment into underlying subchondral bone through uncalcified and calcified fibrocartilage. Nanoindentation tests were performed on both the anterior and posterior meniscal insertions to measure the instantaneous elastic modulus and elastic modulus at infinite time. The elastic moduli were found to increase in a bi-linear fashion from the external ligamentous attachment to the subchondral bone. The elastic moduli for the anterior attachments were consistently larger than those for the matching posterior attachments at similar indentation locations. These results show that there is a gradient of stiffness from the superficial zones of the insertion close to the ligamentous attachment into the deeper zones of the bone. This information will be useful in the continued development of successful meniscal replacements and understanding of fixation of the replacements to the tibial plateau. PMID:19627840

Hauch, K.N.; Oyen, M.L.; Odegard, G.M.; Haut Donahue, T. L.

2009-01-01

319

Using arc voltage to locate the anode attachment in plasma arc cutting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasma arc cutting is a widely used industrial process in which an electric arc in the form of a high velocity plasma jet is used to melt and blow away metal. The arc attaches inside the resulting cut slot, or kerf, where it both provides a large heat flux and determines the flow dynamics of the plasma. Knowledge of the position of the arc attachment is essential for understanding the phenomena present at the work piece. This work presents a new method of measuring the location of the arc attachment in which the arc voltage is measured during the cutting of a range of work piece thicknesses. The attachment location is then interpreted from the voltages. To support the validity of this method, the kerf shape, dross particle size and dross adhesion to the work piece are also observed. While these do not conclusively give an attachment location, they show patterns which are consistent with the attachment location found from the voltage measurements. The method is demonstrated on the cutting of mild steel, where the arc attachment is found to be stationary in the upper portion of the cut slot and in reasonable agreement with existing published findings. For a process optimized for the cutting of 12.7 mm mild steel, the attachment is found at a depth of 1.5-3.4 mm. For a slower process optimized for the cutting of 25.4 mm mild steel, the attachment is found at a depth of 3.4-4.8 mm, which enhances heat transfer further down in the kerf, allowing cutting of the thicker work piece. The use of arc voltage to locate the position of the arc attachment is unique when compared with existing methods because it is entirely independent of the heat distribution and visualization techniques.

Osterhouse, D. J.; Lindsay, J. W.; Heberlein, J. V. R.

2013-06-01

320

Coexistence in preferential attachment networks  

E-print Network

Competition in markets is ubiquitous: cell-phone providers, computer manufacturers, and sport gear brands all vie for customers. Though several coexisting competitors are often observed in empirical data, many current theoretical models of competition on small-world networks predict a single winner taking over the majority of the network. We introduce a new model of product adoption that focuses on word-of-mouth recommendations to provide an explanation for this coexistence of competitors. The key property of our model is that customer choices evolve simultaneously with the network of customers. When a new node joins the network, it chooses neighbors according to preferential attachment, and then chooses its type based on the number of initial neighbors of each type. This can model a new cell-phone user choosing a cell-phone provider, a new student choosing a laptop, or a new athletic team member choosing a gear provider. We provide a detailed analysis of the new model; in particular, we determine the possibl...

Antunovi?, Ton?i; Racz, Miklos Z

2013-01-01

321

Smartphone attachment for stethoscope recording.  

PubMed

With the ubiquity of smartphones and the rising technology of 3D printing, novel devices can be developed that leverage the "computer in your pocket" and rapid prototyping technologies toward scientific, medical, engineering, and creative purposes. This paper describes such a device: a simple 3D-printed extension for Apple's iPhone that allows the sound from an off-the-shelf acoustic stethoscope to be recorded using the phone's built-in microphone. The attachment's digital 3D files can be easily shared, modified for similar phones and devices capable of recording audio, and in combination with 3D printing technology allow for fabrication of a durable device without need for an entire factory of expensive and specialized machining tools. It is hoped that by releasing this device as an open source set of printable files that can be downloaded and reproduced cheaply, others can make use of these developments where access to cost-prohibitive, specialized medical instruments are not available. Coupled with specialized smartphone software ("apps"), more sophisticated and automated diagnostics may also be possible on-site. PMID:25626549

Thompson, Jeff

2015-01-01

322

Instructions for Section Breaks in Word 2004* Leave title page, copyright page and signature page with no page numbers.  

E-print Network

should be in the footer section that shows "Footer ­ Sec 2" Click format page (hover cursor over Click "off" the "same as previous tab" (again hover the curser until you see this button description that shows "Footer ­ Sec 3" Click format page (hover cursor over the # symbols to see which one is "format

Mills, Allen P.

323

The Attachment and Clinical Issues Questionnaire: A New Methodology for Science and Practice in Criminology and Forensics.  

PubMed

Most modern theories suggest that interpersonal relationships are of central importance in the development of criminal behavior. We tested the parent attachment scales of a new research and clinical measure, the Attachment and Clinical Issues Questionnaire (ACIQ). It is a 29-scale battery assessing attachments to mother, father, partner, and peers, which also includes several related clinical scales. Sixty-one (18-20 years of age) male offenders from a maximum security detention center and 131contrasts completed the ACIQ. ANOVA demonstrated that mother and father attachments displayed different patterns. The attachment scales also predicted the numbers of crimes within the population of juvenile offenders. Thus, the parent attachment scales of the ACIQ showed promise as an instrument to test dynamic systems approaches to developmental models of criminal behavior. PMID:23788289

Lindberg, Marc A; Fugett, April; Lounder, Lindsay

2013-06-19

324

The Attachment and Clinical Issues Questionnaire: a new methodology for science and practice in criminology and forensics.  

PubMed

Most modern theories suggest that interpersonal relationships are of central importance in the development of criminal behavior. We tested the parent attachment scales of a new research and clinical measure, the Attachment and Clinical Issues Questionnaire (ACIQ). It is a 29-scale battery assessing attachments to mother, father, partner, and peers, which also includes several related clinical scales. Sixty-one (18-20 years of age) male offenders from a maximum security detention center and 131 contrasts completed the ACIQ. ANOVA demonstrated that mother and father attachments displayed different patterns. The attachment scales also predicted the numbers of crimes within the population of juvenile offenders. Thus, the parent attachment scales of the ACIQ showed promise as an instrument to test dynamic systems approaches to developmental models of criminal behavior. PMID:25469369

Lindberg, Marc A; Fugett, April; Lounder, Lindsay

2014-10-01

325

Nuclear reactor fuel rod attachment system  

DOEpatents

A reusable system is described for removably attaching a nuclear reactor fuel rod to a support member. A locking cap is secured to the fuel rod and a locking strip is fastened to the support member. The locking cap has two opposing fingers shaped to form a socket having a body portion. The locking strip has an extension shaped to rigidly attach to the socket's body portion. The locking cap's fingers are resiliently deflectable. For attachment, the locking cap is longitudinally pushed onto the locking strip causing the extension to temporarily deflect open the fingers to engage the socket's body portion. For removal, the process is reversed.

Not Available

1980-09-17

326

Landsat 7 Images Show Scale of Tsunami Damage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA page shows before and after pictures taken by Landsat 7's Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument of a part of the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The images show that the scale of the tsunami's impact can be seen from space.

NASA

327

Continuous monitoring of bacterial attachment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A major concern with the Space Station Freedom (SSF) water supply system is the control of longterm microbial contamination and biofilm development in the water storage and distribution systems. These biofilms have the potential for harboring pathogens as well as microbial strains containing resistance factors that could negatively influence crew health. The proposed means for disinfecting the water system on SSF (iodine) may encourage the selection of resistant strains. In fact, biofilm bacteria were observed in water lines from the Space Shuttle Columbia (OV-102); therefore, an alternative remediation method is required to disinfect spacecraft water lines. A thorough understanding of colonization events and the physiological parameters that will influence bacteria adhesion is required. The limiting factor for development of this technology is the ability to continuously monitor adhesion events and the effects of biocides on sessile bacteria. Methods were developed to allow bacterial adhesion and subsequent biocidal treatment to be monitored continuously. This technique couples automated image analysis with a continuous flow of a bacterial suspension through an optical flow cell. A strain of Pseudomonas cepacia isolated from the water supply of the Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103) during STS-39 was grown in a nitrogen-limited continuous culture. This culture was challenged continuously with iodine during growth, and the adhesion characteristics of this strain was measure with regard to flow rate. Various biocides (ozone, hypochlorite, and iodine) were added to the flow stream to evaluate how well each chemical removed the bacteria. After biocide treatment, a fresh bacterial suspension was introduced into the flow cell, and the attachment rate was evaluated on the previously treated surface. This secondary fouling was again treated with biocide to determine the efficacy of multiple batch chemical treatments in removing biofilm.

Koeing, D. W.; Mishra, S. K.; Pierson, D. L.

1994-01-01

328

Genetic Contributions to Continuity and Change in Attachment Security: A Prospective, Longitudinal Investigation from Infancy to Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Longitudinal research has demonstrated that individual differences in attachment security show only modest continuity from infancy to adulthood. Recent findings based on retrospective reports suggest that individuals' genetic variation may moderate the developmental associations between early attachment-relevant relationship…

Raby, K. Lee; Cicchetti, Dante; Carlson, Elizabeth A.; Egeland, Byron; Collins, W. Andrew

2013-01-01

329

An Investigation of Decision Making Styles and the Five-Factor Personality Traits with Respect to Attachment Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to investigate if the attachment styles significantly predict the decision self-esteem, decision making styles and five-factor personality traits. Subjects of the study were 567 students in total from different faculties of Selcuk University. The results of the study showed that the attachment styles of the students…

Deniz, M. Engin

2011-01-01

330

The Moderating Role of Father's Care on the Onset of Binge Eating Symptoms among Female Late Adolescents with Insecure Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the association between quality of attachment, perception of the father's bond, and binge eating symptoms in a sample of female late adolescents. In total, 233 female students aged between 18 and 20 years completed measures on binge eating, quality of attachment and parent-child relationship. Data showed that respondents…

Pace, Ugo; Cacioppo, Marco; Schimmenti, Adriano

2012-01-01

331

Problem Behaviors in Adolescence: The Opposite Role Played by Insecure Attachment and Commitment Strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we examined the relations between insecure attachment styles, commitment and behavioral problems, focusing on\\u000a the unique and common contribution that avoidant and anxious styles and commitment made to internalizing and externalizing\\u000a problems. 535 adolescents, 267 boys and 268 girls, aged from 16 to 18 years, completed self-report measures of attachment,\\u000a identity and problem behaviors. The data showed that

Ugo Pace; Carla Zappulla

332

Neutralizing antibodies to different proteins of African swine fever virus inhibit both virus attachment and internalization.  

PubMed Central

African swine fever virus induces in convalescent pigs antibodies that neutralized the virus before and after binding to susceptible cells, inhibiting both virus attachment and internalization. A further analysis of the neutralization mechanisms mediated by the different viral proteins showed that antibodies to proteins p72 and p54 are involved in the inhibition of a first step of the replication cycle related to virus attachment, while antibodies to protein p30 are implicated in the inhibition of virus internalization. PMID:8764090

Gómez-Puertas, P; Rodríguez, F; Oviedo, J M; Ramiro-Ibáñez, F; Ruiz-Gonzalvo, F; Alonso, C; Escribano, J M

1996-01-01

333

Precision attachments for the partially dentate mouth  

PubMed Central

Some uses of precision attachments in restoring the partially dentate mouth are considered. These devices are indicated where neither the clasp-retained denture nor the fixed bridge is entirely suitable. ImagesFig. 2 PMID:4614689

Preiskel, H W

1974-01-01

334

Attachment dynamics in a virtual world.  

PubMed

The study investigated the transfer of attachment working models onto autonomous agents in a virtual social environment (VSE). Participants from a community sample (N?=?422; mean age?=?29 years; mean relationship duration?=?4.8 years) encountered three attachment-related key scenes in a VSE: a separation with a subsequent reunion, a conflict, and an illness. In these scenarios, participants gave instructions to the main character (the "protagonist"), who had a romantic relationship with one of the other agents (the "virtual spouse"). Recorded were numerous behaviors as well as emotions participants ascribed to the protagonist. Generally, participants' attachment styles correlated as predicted with their behavior toward the virtual spouse, with ?s up to.42. Thus, the study demonstrates that internal working models are transferred to the virtual relationship. This approach opens new ways to investigate attachment-related behavior by using VSEs that allow experimental variations of the virtual partner's reactions and other situational variables. PMID:21446949

Schönbrodt, Felix D; Asendorpf, Jens B

2012-04-01

335

Configurations of polymers attached to probes  

E-print Network

We study polymers attached to spherical (circular) or paraboloidal (parabolic) probes in three (two) dimensions. Both self-avoiding and random walks are examined numerically. The behavior of a polymer of size R[subscript ...

Bubis, Roy

336

Are anxiously attached women better mindreaders?  

PubMed

This research was aimed at providing first evidence concerning the relationship between adults' self-reported attachment style and their performance on a standard 'theory of mind' task. Based on adult attachment theory, we hypothesized that the two dimensions of self-reported adult attachment, anxiety and avoidance, are differently related to 'theory of mind,' and that this relationship is moderated by variables concerning the 'theory of mind' stimuli. The 'Experiences in Close Relationships' questionnaire and the 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test were administered to 132 young women. In line with our expectations, women's attachment-related anxiety was associated with better mind reading concerning stimuli that were emotionally neutral or difficult to recognize. PMID:23529700

Hünefeldt, Thomas; Laghi, Fiorenzo; Ortu, Francesca

2013-08-01

337

Design and Analysis of UHTC Leading Edge Attachment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center was contacted to provide technical support to NASA Ames Research Center in the design and analysis of an ultra high temperature ceramic (UHTC) leading edge. UHTC materials are being considered for reusable launch vehicles because their high temperature capability may allow for un-cooled sharp leading edge designs. While ceramic materials have the design benefit of allowing subcomponents to run hot, they also provide a design challenge in that they invariably must be in contact with cooler subcomponents elsewhere in the structure. NASA Glenn Research Center proposed a modification to an existing attachment design. Thermal and structural analyses of the leading edge assembly were carried out using ABAQUS finite element software. Final results showed that the proposed modifications aided in thermally isolating hot and cold subcomponents and reducing bearing stresses at the attachment location.

Thomas, David J.; Nemeth, Noel N. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

338

Bioprocessing in space: human cells attach to beads in microgravity.  

PubMed

Attachment to a substrate and survival of human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells have been tested in an incubator installed in the flight-deck of the Space Shuttle 'Challenger' during its eighth mission. HEK cells are producing the enzyme urokinase and are presently investigated as candidates for electrophoretic separation in an apparatus developed and manufactured by McDonnell Douglas. Attachment of HEK cells to a substrate is mandatory for survival and production of urokinase after electrophoretic separation. Analysis of the samples shows that cells adhere, spread and survive in microgravity (< 10(-3) x g) conditions as well as the ground controls at 1 x g. This result represents an important step towards further bioprocessing in space. PMID:11540837

Tschopp, A; Cogoli, A; Lewis, M L; Morrison, D R

1984-01-01

339

Mediated attachment as a mechanism for growth of complex networks  

E-print Network

Connection topologies of many networked systems like human brain, biological cell, world wide web, power grids, human society and ecological food webs markedly deviate from that of completely random networks indicating the presence of organizing principles behind their evolution. The five important features that characterize such networks are scale-free topology, small average path length, high clustering, hierarchical community structure and assortative mixing. Till now the generic mechanisms underlying the existence of these properties are not well understood. Here we show that potentially a single mechanism, which we call "mediated attachment", where two nodes get connected through a mediator or common neighbor, could be responsible for the emergence of all important properties of real networks. The mediated attachment naturally unifies scale-free topology, high clustering, small world nature, hierarchical community structure and dissortative nature of networks. Further, with additional mixing by age, this...

Shekatkar, Snehal M

2014-01-01

340

Parental bonds, attachment anxiety, media susceptibility, and body dissatisfaction: a mediation model.  

PubMed

The developmental trajectory of body image dissatisfaction is unclear. Researchers have investigated sociocultural and developmental risk factors; however, the literature needs an integrative etiological model. In 2009, Cheng and Mallinckrodt proposed a dual mediation model, positing that poor-quality parental bonds, via the mechanisms of heightening romantic attachment anxiety and thin-ideal media internalization, increases body dissatisfaction. We tested 2 versions of this model, including an alternate model featuring attachment anxiety in close friendships. We recruited females ages 12-24, primarily from a mid-sized private religious university, to complete self-report measures. The participant sample was ethnically diverse, with approximately 40% endorsing minority status. Results showed that mother care and father care were negatively linked to friendship attachment anxiety and romantic attachment anxiety. Friendship and romantic attachment anxiety were positively linked to media susceptibility. Media susceptibility was positively linked to body image dissatisfaction. Mother care and father care were negatively, indirectly linked to body image dissatisfaction through the mediators of friendship attachment anxiety and media susceptibility. Mother care made a significant, albeit small, contribution to body image dissatisfaction after controlling for other variables. Overall, findings suggest that adverse parent-child relational factors may indirectly elevate body dissatisfaction, operating through attachment anxiety and susceptibility to sociocultural pressures. PMID:24911568

Patton, Sarah C; Beaujean, A Alexander; Benedict, Helen E

2014-08-01

341

Dissociative attachment and vibrational excitation in low-energy electron collisions with chlorine molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a combined experimental and theoretical effort, we have investigated dissociative attachment and vibrational excitation in low-energy electron collisions with chlorine molecules. Using the laser photoelectron attachment method, we have measured the energy dependence of the cross section sgrDA(E) for dissociative electron attachment (Cl- formation) over the range 0-195 meV with an energy width of 1-3 meV and for Rydberg electron transfer at high principal quantum numbers (n>67). Near zero energy, the cross section shows a behaviour compatible with the threshold law for p-wave attachment via the 2Sgru+ resonance, reaches a maximum around 50 meV and declines towards higher energies. These findings are in good agreement with the results of semi-empirical R-matrix calculations. Measured rate coefficients knl for Cl- formation due to electron transfer from K**(nl) Rydberg atoms were found to be nearly constant for high principal quantum numbers (n>67) in contrast to the behaviour expected within the quasi-free electron model for p-wave attachment. The R-matrix calculations are extended to describe electron attachment through the 2Pgrg and 2Pgru resonances, and recommended absolute cross sections for dissociative attachment to chlorine molecules at room temperature are provided over the energy range 0-9 eV. Furthermore, we predict cross sections for vibrationally inelastic electron scattering through the 2Sgru+, 2Pgrg and 2Pgru resonances.

Ruf, M.-W.; Barsotti, S.; Braun, M.; Hotop, H.; Fabrikant, I. I.

2004-01-01

342

Placement in Foster Care Enhances Quality of Attachment Among Young Institutionalized Children  

PubMed Central

This study examined classifications of attachment in three groups of children in Bucharest, Romania at age 42 months. The first two groups had been placed in institutions soon after birth, assessed comprehensively and then randomly assigned to either care as usual, including institutionalization (care as usual/institutional group) or to foster care (intervention group). These groups were compared to a group of family-reared children recruited from pediatric clinics (never institutionalized group). Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behavior in the Strange Situation Procedure at 42 months of age. Attachment classifications for children randomly assigned to foster care were markedly different from those of children who received care as usual, particularly at the extremes of the classifications (Secure and Insecure-other). Importantly, children placed in foster care before 24 months were more likely to have secure attachments with their caregivers. In addition, children placed into foster care earlier showed more likelihood of being organized in their relationships with their caregivers. Further, cognitive status predicted greater likelihood of organized attachment for children in the Care as Usual/Institution group and greater likelihood of secure attachment in the foster care group and the never institutionalized group. These findings demonstrate that foster care is an important intervention to address the effects of early adverse rearing conditions. PMID:20331663

Smyke, Anna T.; Zeanah, Charles H.; Fox, Nathan A.; Nelson, Charles A.; Guthrie, Donald

2014-01-01

343

Attachment and peer relations in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this investigation was to examine whether adolescent attachment representation (as assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview) is linked to the quality of adolescents' peer relations (as assessed using a standard battery of peer-report instruments tapping adolescents' social behaviors, peer victimization, social acceptance, and sociometric status). As expected, secure\\/autonomous adolescents were more likely than insecure\\/dismissing adolescents to be

Matthew J. Dykas; Yair Ziv; Jude Cassidy

2008-01-01

344

Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion  

DOEpatents

An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening.

Nelsen, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Luna, Daniel A. (Los Lunas, NM); Gwinn, Kenneth W. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1998-01-01

345

Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion  

DOEpatents

An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening.

Nelsen, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Luna, Daniel A. (Los Lunas, NM); Gwinn, Kenneth W. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1997-01-01

346

Miniature Reversal Electron-Attachment Detector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Miniature reversal electron-attachment detector (miniREAD) enables direct injection of air or vapor at atmospheric pressure from monitored area into mass-spectrometric instrument to detect explosives, narcotics, or other substances, vapors of which suspected of being present in low concentrations. In comparison with older reversal electron-attachment detector, miniREAD simpler in design; more rugged; and easier to build, repair, and maintain. In addition, probably more sensitive.

Chutjian, Ara

1994-01-01

347

Attachment, Caregiving, and Altruism: Boosting Attachment Security Increases Compassion and Helping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies based on J. Bowlby's (1969\\/1982) attachment theory reveal that both dispositional and experimentally enhanced attachment security facilitate cognitive openness and empathy, strengthen self-transcendent values, and foster tolerance of out-group members. Moreover, dispositional attachment security is associated with volunteering to help others in everyday life and to unselfish motives for volunteering. The present article reports 5 experiments, replicated in

Mario Mikulincer; Phillip R. Shaver; Omri Gillath; Rachel A. Nitzberg

2005-01-01

348

Attachment style and psychological adjustment in couples.  

PubMed

The present study addresses the gap in research concerning poor marital support together with insecure attachment style explaining risk for anxiety or depression in both members of a couple expecting a baby. The Attachment Style Interview (ASI) was administered separately to both members of a couple (N = 126) during the second trimester of pregnancy together with measures of state-anxiety (STAI-S) and depression (EPDS). These measures were repeated at three months postpartum. While insecure attachment style was related to higher anxiety and depression symptoms in both partners at both time periods, there was an increase of postnatal depression symptoms in women. Poor partner support contributed to anxiety symptoms only in men. When insecure attachment combinations in both members of the couple were examined, insecure styles increased anxiety and depression symptoms in both genders antenatally, but postnatal anxiety symptoms only in women. A combined effect of partner's support and attachment style on temporal changes of anxiety symptoms was observed differently for women and men. It is important to assess attachment style and partner support of both members, as well as the mutual interplay between them, to understand gendered differences in psychological adjustment of a couple expecting a baby. PMID:21506031

Conde, Ana; Figueiredo, Barbara; Bifulco, Antonia

2011-05-01

349

8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the Souvenir Program 1867-1967 Ridgely Centennial) Photographer unknown. Circa 1967. VIEW NORTHEAST, SOUTHWEST FRONT Ridgely's centennial was celebrated in 1967 and included in the souvenir brochure was page 30. This view shows the subject building with the 1950 modifications to provide for automotive traffic. It was a print of a current photograph. - 510 Central Avenue (Commercial Building), Ridgely, Caroline County, MD

350

Investigating Attachment Behaviors of Cryptosporidium Parvum Oocysts Using Collision Efficiency in Laboratory Column Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cryptosporidium is one of the most common enteric parasites of humans and domestic animals, and a number of outbreaks of Cryprosporidiosis, a diarrheal disease caused by Cryptosporidium have been reported worldwide. Natural porous media has been demonstrated to be an effective filter for removing Cryptosporidium parvum from contaminated water and the amount of Cryptosporidium filtered is known to be highly dependent on physical and chemical conditions of the porous media and the water. Cryptosporidium deposition in saturated porous media involves two main steps: approach and attachment. In contrast to the approach mechanisms, attachment processes have not been systematically described to predict a priori because theories that represent attachment behavior (colloid stability) such as DLVO are insufficient to explain experimental data. For this reason, attachment efficiency is calculated based on empirical data, typically experimental breakthrough curves in laboratory columns or field experiments. In this study, collision (attachment) efficiencies (?) of C. parvum oocyst were calculated to test the effect of chemical property changes on the association of oocysts with sand grains. The breakthrough curve data obtained from twelve column experiments and three models were employed to calculate single collector efficiency (?) and ?. The first ten experiments were conducted by changing ionic strength and pH, and mixing with natural sediments under the same physical properties (same ?). Our experiment results show that iron coating or clay/suspended solids mixture drastically enhanced oocyst deposition. The experiments also showed that increase in ionic strength and decrease in pH enhanced the attachment efficiency. However, the experiment with 100mM NaCl resulted in low attachment efficiency and the experiment with pH 8.5 showed similar attachment efficiency to the one at pH 7. Based on the results from two additional experiments with different flow velocities, it appears that attachment efficiency changes when the flow velocity changes, which contradicts CFT. The results prove that predicting attachment efficiency of C. parvum oocyst using ionic strength or pH is inappropriate when non-DLVO interactions are involved. A review of our results and comparison to existing data shows that it is challenging to accurately predict the attachment efficiency using single peak value of breakthrough curve data from geochemical information of porous media.

Park, Y.; Hou, L.; Atwill, R.; Packman, A. I.; Harter, T.

2009-12-01

351

Building usable web pages: an HCI perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

New web pages are being added to the World Wide Web at a rapid rate. Consulting a list of new web pages such as Yahoo! on any day will show growth rates of up to hundreds of new pages a day. Most web page authors are experienced progammers or know how to program, [Second WWW User Survey] and yet many

Tim Comber

1995-01-01

352

Spouses' attachment pairings predict neuroendocrine, behavioral, and psychological responses to marital conflict.  

PubMed

This research investigated how spouses' attachment styles jointly contributed to their stress responses. Newlywed couples discussed relationship conflicts. Salivary cortisol indexed physiological stress; observer-rated behaviors indexed behavioral stress; self-reported distress indexed psychological stress. Multilevel modeling tested predictions that couples including 1 anxious and 1 avoidant partner or 2 anxious partners would show distinctive stress responses. As predicted, couples with anxious wives and avoidant husbands showed physiological reactivity in anticipation of conflict: Both spouses showed sharp increases in cortisol, followed by rapid declines. These couples also showed distinctive behaviors during conflict: Anxious wives had difficulty recognizing avoidant husbands' distress, and avoidant husbands had difficulty approaching anxious wives for support. Contrary to predictions, couples including 2 anxious partners did not show distinctive stress responses. Findings suggest that the fit between partners' attachment styles can improve understanding of relationships by specifying conditions under which partners' attachment characteristics jointly influence individual and relationship outcomes. PMID:23773048

Beck, Lindsey A; Pietromonaco, Paula R; DeBuse, Casey J; Powers, Sally I; Sayer, Aline G

2013-09-01

353

Preacclimation alters Salmonella Enteritidis surface properties and its initial attachment to food contact surfaces.  

PubMed

Exposure of Salmonella to environmental stress, prior to its adherence to a food contact surface, may change the cell surface properties and consequently affect its initial attachment and biofilm formation. This study investigated the influence of temperature and pH preacclimation on the initial attachment of Salmonella Enteritidis to acrylic and stainless steel. Besides, changes in physicochemical properties of cells were examined; and their surface attachment was modeled by xDLVO theory. Results showed that control cells pre-grown at 37°C had significantly (P<0.05) higher initial attachment, followed by those pre-grown at 25, 42, and 10°C. The initial attachment of cells pre-grown at pH 5.3 or 6.3 was not significantly (P>0.05) different from control cells pre-grown at pH 7.3, but they were significantly higher compared to cells pre-grown at pH 8.3 and 9.0. No significant difference was observed between cell attachment to acrylic and stainless steel, although they had different physicochemical properties. The xDLVO theory successfully explained higher attachment for cells pre-grown at optimal condition on both contact surfaces. However, the xDLVO theory could not explain the similar attachment of cells to acrylic and stainless steel. This study elucidates that commonly used intervention technologies including cold storage, thermal treatment, and alkaline antimicrobial agents might alter the physicochemical properties of S. Enteritidis cells and result in varied initial attachment levels. PMID:25800356

Yang, Yishan; Kumar, Amit; Zheng, Qianwang; Yuk, Hyun-Gyun

2015-04-01

354

The effect of soil properties on the attachment of MS2 and ØX174 to natural soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The attachment of viruses in the soil-water matrix is an important issue in environmental microbial risk assessment. The effects of different soil properties on the attachment of viruses have been studied using surrogate viruses known as bacteriophages. However, there have been few attempts to link those properties together to give an overall picture of the attachment dynamics. This study measured the attachment of bacteriophages MS2 and ØX174 to 27 natural, highly characterized soils. Statistical analysis was used to identify and rank the soil properties that facilitate virus attachment. Soil samples were mixed with artificial groundwater diluent and 1ml of bacteriophages for 3 hours. Attachment was measured by the reduction in phage titre in the supernatant (SS) relative to controls minus the soil (CS), and was presented as the ratio of SS/CS. The examined soil properties were pH, particle size distribution, moisture content, heterotrophic plate count, total nitrogen, total carbon, extractable acidity (H+) and cations (barium chloride method), and soil bulk X-ray diffraction. Spearman correlation was conducted between the SS/CS value and the tested soil properties. Where the SS/CS value was above 0.1, which showed minimum attachment of the bacteriophage to the soils, the attachment of MS2 was significantly enhanced (p<0.05) by Al (r = - 0.790) and Fe (r = - 0.573), whereas none of the tested elements could significantly enhance the attachment of ØX174. Where the SS/CS value was below 0.1, the attachment of MS2 was significantly inhibited (p<0.05) by H+ (r = 0.764), total nitrogen (r = 0.580) and total carbon (r = 0.713); whereas the attachment of ØX174 was significantly inhibited (p<0.05) only by H+ (r = 0.701).This preliminary result suggested that different bacteriophages may attach to the same soil with different efficiencies, affected by a different set of soil properties.

Hiong, Florence Lee Chi; Pedley, Stephen; Charles, Katrina

2013-04-01

355

NASA Hurricane Resource Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) hurricane resource page includes the latest news stories from the extraordinary hurricane season of 2005, feature articles, satellite images and biographies of NASA hurricane experts. Two features of this page are a re-creation of the storm season with satellite images of all of the major storms of the season and a satellite image of Katrina showing it from development through landfall. This site also includes links to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) hurricane resources.

2007-12-12

356

Role of Attachment in Response to Pet Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of attachment on grief severity following the death of a pet. Seventy-one participants who had lost a dog or cat within the past year completed a set of measures that included an attachment measure assessing individual differences in attachment anxiety and avoidance, strength of the past attachment to the pet, the…

Field, Nigel P.; Orsini, Lisa; Gavish, Roni; Packman, Wendy

2009-01-01

357

Identity Development and Attachment to Parents in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research reveals the need to study adolescents' levels of exploration and commitment instead of overall identity categories for the purpose of identifying developmental trends in identity development. Similarly, attachment research points to the importance of considering separate measures of attachment to mother and attachment to father, as well as considering gender differences in attachment to parents. We tested the

Jessica Samuolis; Kiera Layburn; Kathleen M. Schiaffino

2001-01-01

358

Attachment in Adolescence:A Social Relations Model Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fundamental question in the study of attachment is the explanation for differences in quality of attachment. In the present study, the Social Relations Model (SRM) was used to examine whether these differences in quality of attachment could be explained by (a) characteristics of the person (actor effect), (b) characteristics of the attachment figure (partner effect), (c) characteristics of the

Kirsten L. Buist; Wim H. Meeus; Marcel A. G. van Aken

2004-01-01

359

Attachment and the Processing of Social Information in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key proposition of attachment theory is that experience-based cognitive representations of attachment, often referred to as internal working models of attachment, influence the manner in which individuals process attachment-relevant social information (Bowlby, 1969/1982, 1973, 1980; Bretherton & Munholland, 1999; Main, Kaplan, & Cassidy, 1985).…

Dykas, Matthew J.; Cassidy, Jude

2007-01-01

360

The Freedom to Choose Secure Attachment Relationships in Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was based on the attachment-security hypothesis (H. Latty-Mann & K. E. Davis, 1996) that predicts that all individuals, regardless of attachment style, should demonstrate a preference for secure partners who are most likely to offer attachment security. It was therefore expected that with the transfer of attachment functions from…

Keren, Einat; Mayseless, Ofra

2013-01-01

361

Beyond the borders of reality: Attachment orientations and sexual fantasies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examined the associations between attachment orientations and sexual fantasies. In Study 1, 176 partici- pants completed a sexual fantasy checklist. The findings indicated that attachment anxiety was associated with fre- quent sexual fantasizing (e.g., submission themes). More anxiously attached women were particularly likely to report extrapair fantasies, whereas more anxiously attached men were especially likely to report romantic

GURIT E. BIRNBAUM

2007-01-01

362

How Do I Connect? Attachment Issues in Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment formation is considered a developmental process that continues far beyond infancy and early childhood. Yet the research on adolescent attachment formation remains relatively modest. This article reviews the normative and pathological developmental trajectories of attachment during adolescence. Specific attention is focused on the assessment of attachment in adolescence and different classification systems developed to describe adaptive and maladaptive adolescent

David M. Shumaker; Robin M. Deutsch; Laura Brenninkmeyer

2009-01-01

363

25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Paper ready for the calender presses. This picture shows the paper after it has been coated and dried, as shown on page 238, and it being rolled at the end of the coating-machine. It is now ready to be sent to the big presses which calender it (or iron it, as popular pariance would have it). The pictures on pages 238 and 239 show a continuous process over a single machine; but on account of the length of teh machine, the process is illustrated in sections. (p.239.) - Champion-International Paper Company, West bank of Spicket River at Canal Street, Lawrence, Essex County, MA

364

Experimental Melanoma Vaccine Shows Early Promise  

MedlinePLUS

... 2015) Thursday, April 2, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Genes and Gene Therapy Immunization Melanoma THURSDAY, April 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- ... HealthDay . All rights reserved. More Health News on: Genes and Gene Therapy Immunization Melanoma Recent Health News Page last updated ...

365

Hepatitis C Infections in Hospitals Show Need for Tight Infection Control Practices  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Hepatitis C Infections in Hospitals Show Need for Tight Infection ... Friday, February 27, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Hepatitis C Infection Control Patient Safety FRIDAY, Feb. 27, 2015 ( ...

366

Composition and substrate-dependent strength of the silken attachment discs in spiders.  

PubMed

Araneomorph spiders have evolved different silks with dissimilar material properties, serving different purposes. The two-compound pyriform secretion is used to glue silk threads to substrates or to other threads. It is applied in distinct patterns, called attachment discs. Although ubiquitously found in spider silk applications and hypothesized to be strong and versatile at low material consumption, the performance of attachment discs on different substrates remains unknown. Here, we analyse the detachment forces and fracture mechanics of the attachment discs spun by five different species on three different substrates, by pulling on the upstream part of the attached thread. Results show that although the adhesion of the pyriform glue is heavily affected by the substrate, even on Teflon it is frequently strong enough to hold the spider's weight. As plant surfaces are often difficult to wet, they are hypothesized to be the major driving force for evolution of the pyriform secretion. PMID:25030386

Grawe, Ingo; Wolff, Jonas O; Gorb, Stanislav N

2014-09-01

367

Cob-Weaving Spiders Design Attachment Discs Differently for Locomotion and Prey Capture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spiders' cobwebs ensnare both walking and flying prey. While the scaffolding silk can entangle flying insects, gumfoot silk threads pull walking prey off the ground and into the web. Therefore, scaffolding silk needs to withstand the impact of the prey, whereas gumfoot silk needs to easily detach from the substrate when contacted by prey. Here, we show that spiders accomplish these divergent demands by creating attachment discs of two distinct architectures using the same pyriform silk. A ``staple-pin'' architecture firmly attaches the scaffolding silk to the substrate and a previously unknown ``dendritic'' architecture weakly attaches the gumfoot silk to the substrate. Gumfoot discs adhere weakly, triggering a spring-loaded trap, while the strong adhesion of scaffolding discs compels the scaffolding threads to break instead of detaching. We describe the differences in adhesion for these two architectures using tape-peeling models and design synthetic attachments that reveal important design principles for controlled adhesion.

Sahni, Vasav; Harris, Jared; Blackledge, Todd; Dhinojwala, Ali

2013-03-01

368

Surface and protein analyses of normal human cell attachment on PIII-modified chitosan membranes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Surface of chitosan membrane was modified with argon (Ar) and nitrogen (N) plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) for human skin fibroblasts F1544 cell attachment. The modified surfaces were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Cell attachment patterns were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to quantify levels of focal adhesion kinase (FAK). The results showed that Ar PIII had an enhancement effect on the cell attachment while N-PIII had an inhibition effect. Filopodial analysis revealed more microfilament cytoplasmic spreading on the edge of cells attached on the Ar-treated membranes than N-treated membranes. Higher level FAK was found in Ar-treated membranes than that in N-treated membranes.

Saranwong, N.; Inthanon, K.; Wongkham, W.; Wanichapichart, P.; Suwannakachorn, D.; Yu, L. D.

2012-02-01

369

Quality of attachment relationships and peer relationship dysfunction among late adolescents with and without anxiety disorders.  

PubMed

Little is known about the links between anxiety disorders and parent-child attachment disorganization and quality of peer relationships in late adolescence. This study examined the quality of attachment and peer relationships among adolescents with and without anxiety disorders in a sample of 109 low- to moderate-income families. Psychopathology was assessed with the SCID-I. Attachment disorganization and dysfunction in peer relationships were measured using semi-structured interviews and behavioral observations. Adolescents with anxiety disorders and comorbid conditions showed higher levels of attachment disorganization across three measurement approaches, as well as higher levels of dysfunction in peer relationships than those with no Axis I diagnosis. Adolescents without anxiety disorders but with other Axis I disorders differed only in the quality of school relationships from those with no diagnoses. The pattern of results suggests that pathological anxiety, in the context of other comorbidities, may be a marker for more pervasive levels of social impairment. PMID:23247207

Brumariu, Laura E; Obsuth, Ingrid; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen

2013-01-01

370

Development of Lathe Attachment for a CNC Machine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A lathe attachment has been developed for an existing CNC machine (installed with rapid prototyping attachment) using conceptual design. The CNC machine operates on mechatronic controls and a computer interface called CAMSOFT, and is used as a CNC Lathe after installing the respective attachment to it. The conceptual design phase, starts from an idea and different components of the lathe are designed as attachment using CAD modelling and is followed by fabrication phase. The lathe attachment is successfully developed and is installed to the CNC machine. The working of the CNC Lathe attachment is checked by making some machining operation like turning and thread cutting. The machining operations are successfully done. The CNC machine becomes multifunctional with the presently developed lathe attachment and the existing RP (rapid prototyping) attachment, and can be used accordingly by installing the respective attachment to it. The CNC machine is useful for carrying research work in both the fields, when installed with the appropriate attachment.

Roy, V.; Kumar, S.

2013-04-01

371

Lightning attachment patterns and flight conditions for storm hazards, 1980  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the NASA Langley Research Center Storm Hazards Program, 69 thunderstorm pentrations were made in 1980 with an F-106B airplane in order to record direct strike lightning data and the associated flight conditions. Ground based weather radar measurements in conjunction with these penetrations were made by NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory in Oklahoma and by NASA Wallops Flight Center in Virginia. In 1980, the airplane received 10 direct lightning strikes; in addition, lightning transient data were recorded from 6 nearby flashes. Following each flight, the airplane was thoroughly inspected for evidence of lightning attachment, and the individual lightning attachment points were plotted on isometric projections of the airplane to identify swept flash patterns. This report presents pilot descriptions of the direct strikes to the airplane, shows the strike attachment patterns that were found, and discusses the implications of the patterns with respect to aircraft protection design. The flight conditions are also included. Finally, the lightning strike scenarios for three U.S. Air Force F-106A airplanes which were struck during routine operations are given in the appendix to this paper.

Fisher, B. D.; Keyser, G. L., Jr.; Deal, P. L.

1982-01-01

372

Absorption spectrum of Ca atoms attached to $^4$He nanodroplets  

E-print Network

Within density functional theory, we have obtained the structure of $^4$He droplets doped with neutral calcium atoms. These results have been used, in conjunction with newly determined {\\it ab-initio} $^1\\Sigma$ and $^1\\Pi$ Ca-He pair potentials, to address the $4s4p$ $^1$P$_1 \\leftarrow 4s^2$ $^1$S$_0$ transition of the attached Ca atom, finding a fairly good agreement with absorption experimental data. We have studied the drop structure as a function of the position of the Ca atom with respect of the center of mass of the helium moiety. The interplay between the density oscillations arising from the helium intrinsic structure and the density oscillations produced by the impurity in its neighborhood plays a role in the determination of the equilibrium state, and hence in the solvation properties of alkaline earth atoms. In a case of study, the thermal motion of the impurity within the drop surface region has been analyzed in a semi-quantitative way. We have found that, although the atomic shift shows a sizeable dependence on the impurity location, the thermal effect is statistically small, contributing by about a 10% to the line broadening. The structure of vortices attached to the calcium atom has been also addressed, and its effect on the calcium absorption spectrum discussed. At variance with previous theoretical predictions, we conclude that spectroscopic experiments on Ca atoms attached to $^4$He drops will be likely unable to detect the presence of quantized vortices in helium nanodrops.

Alberto Hernando; Manuel Barranco; Marek Kro?nicki; Ricardo Mayol; Martí Pi

2007-11-12

373

Dissociative electron attachment on surfaces and in bulk media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A theory of dissociative electron attachment to molecules condensed at surfaces and embedded within bulk media is developed. The theory of low-energy electron diffraction is used to obtain the width for electron-molecule resonance scattering in the condensed phase from the width for the gas phase. It is then employed for the calculation of dissociative attachment in the framework of the nonlocal complex potential theory. Specific calculations using the effective mass approximation are carried out for electron attachment to CH3Cl and CF3Cl molecules physisorbed on the surface of a Kr film. The role of image states and image-potential resonances is analyzed. The results show an increase by several orders of magnitude in the cross section for physisorbed molecules as compared with gas-phase molecules. This is in general agreement with the measured cross sections. However, the position of the peak in the cross section for CH3Cl is significantly shifted towards higher energies as compared to experiment [K. Nagesha , J. Chem. Phys. 114, 4934 (2001)], and the magnitude of the calculated cross section for CF3Cl at the surface is significantly higher than the measured value. Possible reasons for disagreements are analyzed.

Fabrikant, Ilya I.

2007-07-01

374

ENSO Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ENSO PAGE, provided by the National Weather Service in the San Francisco Bay Area, is a collection of links dealing with a variety of ENSO (El Nino/Southern Oscillation) related topics such as impacts, sea surface temperature charts, indices and analyses, and background information. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration (NOAA), El Nino is "a disruption of the ocean-atmosphere system in the tropical Pacific having important consequences for weather around the globe." It is caused by a change in trade wind patterns in the central and western Pacific ocean, and causes a large volume of ocean to be warmed (typically about 20 degrees of latitude by 90 degrees of longitude). It happens at irregular intervals and has global climatic consequences (regional flooding and droughts, in particular).

375

Aptamer-based polyvalent ligands for regulated cell attachment on the hydrogel surface.  

PubMed

Natural biomolecules are often used to functionalize materials to achieve desired cell-material interactions. However, their applications can be limited owing to denaturation during the material functionalization process. Therefore, efforts have been made to develop synthetic ligands with polyvalence as alternatives to natural affinity biomolecules for the synthesis of functional materials and the control of cell-material interactions. This work was aimed at investigating the capability of a hydrogel functionalized with a novel polyvalent aptamer in inducing cell attachment in dynamic flow and releasing the attached cells in physiological conditions through a hybridization reaction. The results show that the polyvalent aptamer could induce cell attachment on the hydrogel in dynamic flow. Moreover, cell attachment on the hydrogel surface was significantly influenced by the value of shear stress. The cell density on the hydrogel was increased from 40 cells/mm(2) to nearly 700 cells/mm(2) when the shear stress was decreased from 0.05 to 0.005 Pa. After the attachment onto the hydrogel surface, approximately 95% of the cells could be triggered to detach within 20 min by using an oligonucleotide complementary sequence that displaced polyvalent aptamer strands from the hydrogel surface. While it was found that the cell activity was reduced, the live/dead staining results show that ?98% of the detached cells were viable. Therefore, this work has suggested that the polyvalent aptamer is a promising synthetic ligand for the functionalization of materials for regulated cell attachment. PMID:25789558

Gaddes, Erin R; Gydush, Gregory; Li, Shihui; Chen, Niancao; Dong, Cheng; Wang, Yong

2015-04-13

376

In the eye of the beholder: Attachment style differences in emotion  

E-print Network

Attachment theory refers to the relationships individuals develop with caregivers or significant others in their lives. Specifically, adult attachment is concerned with the bond that develops between romantic partners, as categorized by four different adult attachment styles: Secure, Preoccupied, Dismissing, and Fearful. This study seeks to examine the role that adult attachment style might play in the perception of emotion in others, and whether there are individual differences in emotion perception accuracy among the different attachment styles in a sample of undergraduate college students. Based on previous research, the hypothesis was that Preoccupied individuals would show increased accuracy at perceiving emotions in others, while Dismissing individuals would show decreased accuracy at perceiving emotions in others. Attachment styles were determined through the use of the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised inventory (ECR-R), and emotion perception accuracy was assessed using the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task (RMET). Results indicated that while Preoccupied individuals did have increased accuracy and Dismissing individuals had decreased accuracy at perceiving emotions, this finding was confined to negative emotions. One proposed explanation for this finding is that a bias exists for Preoccupied and Dismissing individuals, and future research is suggested.

Justin K. Meyer; Mcnair Scholar

377

An Exploratory Study of the Association between Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Narratives in Early School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore attachment narratives in children diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD). Method: We compared attachment narratives, as measured by the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task, in a group of 33 children with a diagnosis of RAD and 37 comparison children. Results: The relative risk (RR) for children with RAD having…

Minnis, Helen; Green, Jonathan; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Liew, Ashley; Glaser, D.; Taylor, E.; Follan, M.; Young, D.; Barnes, J.; Gillberg, C.; Pelosi, A.; Arthur, J.; Burston, A.; Connolly, B.; Sadiq, F. A.

2009-01-01

378

Mothers of Securely Attached Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Are More Sensitive than Mothers of Insecurely Attached Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current study we examined the links between maternal sensitivity and children's secure attachment in a sample of 45 preschool-age boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). We hypothesized that mothers of securely attached children would be more sensitive to their children than mothers of insecurely attached children. Children's attachment

Koren-Karie, Nina; Oppenheim, David; Dolev, Smadar; Yirmiya, Nurit

2009-01-01

379

ATTACHMENT IS ABOUT SAFETY AND PROTECTION, INTERSUBJECTIVITY IS ABOUT SHARING AND SOCIAL UNDERSTANDING: The Relationships Between Attachment and Intersubjectivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between intersubjectivity and attachment are beginning to be explored within the psychoanalytic and developmental literature. We contribute to this comparative effort by exploring the different evolutionary origins of attachment and intersubjectivity. Five interlocking themes are central to this article. First, from an evolutionary perspective, attachment and intersubjectivity serve different functions. The main function of attachment is to seek

Mauricio Cortina; Giovanni Liotti

2010-01-01

380

Narrative assessment of attachment representations: Links between secure base scripts and adolescent attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explored the notion that adolescents possess mental secure base scripts of attachment-related events and examined, for the first time, whether these scripts were linked to adolescent attachment security. Results indicated that adolescents possessed a general script for mother and for father, and that they drew upon these scripts across different contexts. Adolescents' scripts for mother and for father were

Matthew J. Dykas; Susan S. Woodhouse; Jude Cassidy; Harriet S. Waters

2006-01-01

381

Unresolved Attachment among Immigrants: An Analysis Using the Adult Attachment Projective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dutch and Belgian immigrants in California have a high rate of unresolved attachment status compared to nonimmigrant Californians, unrelated to their length of time in the United States, to their marriage status, or to their reasons for immigration. In this study, the author analyzes attachment at the representational level by comparing coherence…

van Ecke, Yolanda

2006-01-01

382

Parent Attachment, Childrearing Behavior, and Child Attachment: Mediated Effects Predicting Preschoolers' Externalizing Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment theory provides an interesting background for thinking about externalizing behavior (EB) in early childhood and for understanding how parenting influences the child's outcomes. The study examined how attachment and parenting could be combined to explain preschoolers' EB. Data were collected from 117 preschoolers aged from 4 to 6…

Roskam, Isabelle; Meunier, Jean-Christophe; Stievenart, Marie

2011-01-01

383

The Secure-Base Hypothesis: Global Attachment, Attachment to Counselor, and Session Exploration in Psychotherapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored J. Bowlby's (1988) secure-base hypothesis, which predicts that a client's secure attachment to the therapist, as well as the client's and the therapist's global attachment security, will facilitate in-session exploration. Volunteer clients (N = 59) and trainee counselors (N = 59) in short-term therapy completed the Experiences…

Romano, Vera; Fitzpatrick, Marilyn; Janzen, Jennifer

2008-01-01

384

Parental attachment and conflict behavior: Implications for offspring's attachment, loneliness, and relationship satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the implications of parental attachment security and parental conflict behavior for offspring's relational adjustment (attachment security, loneliness, and relationship satisfaction). Further, reports of parental conflict behavior were obtained from both parents and offspring, addressing questions regarding agreement between reporters and the origin and extent of discrepant perceptions. Results revealed consistent patterns of conflict behavior and moderate agreement

JUDITH A. FEENEY

2006-01-01

385

Attachment and autism: parental attachment representations and relational behaviors in the parent-child dyad.  

PubMed

While attachment research has demonstrated that parents' internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted to their children, affecting children's developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with autism and associated neurodevelopmental disorders of relating and communicating. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was employed to derive parental working models of attachment relationships. The Functional Emotional Assessment Scale (FEAS) was used to determine the quality of relational and functional behaviors in parents and their children. The sample included parents and their 4- to 16-year-old children with autism and associated neurodevelopmental disorders. Hypothesized relationships between AAI classifications and FEAS scores were supported. Significant correlations were found between AAI classification and FEAS scores, indicating that children with autism spectrum disorders whose parents demonstrated secure attachment representations were better able to initiate and respond in two-way pre-symbolic gestural communication; organize two-way social problem-solving communication; and engage in imaginative thinking, symbolic play, and verbal communication. These findings lend support to the relevance of the parent's state of mind pertaining to attachment status to child and parent relational behavior in cases wherein the child has been diagnosed with autism or an associated neurodevelopmental disorder of relating and communicating. A model emerges from these findings of conceptualizing relationships between parental internal models of attachment relationships and parent-child relational and functional levels that may aid in differentiating interventions. PMID:20443051

Seskin, Lynn; Feliciano, Eileen; Tippy, Gil; Yedloutschnig, Ruby; Sossin, K Mark; Yasik, Anastasia

2010-10-01

386

Measuring Lifestyle and Attachment: An Empirical Investigation Linking Individual Psychology and Attachment Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

P. R. Peluso, J. P. Peluso, J. F. White, and R. M. Kern (2004) reviewed the theoretical constructs underlying the similarities between lifestyle and attachment style. Specifically, they suggested that the individual psychology construct of lifestyle (or style of life) and attachment style should be empirically investigated. The present research…

Peluso, Paul R.; Peluso, Jennifer P.; Buckner, Janine P.; Kern, Roy M.; Curlette, William

2009-01-01

387

Overview for Attached Payload Accommodations and Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

External payload accommodations are provided at attach sites on the U.S provided ELC, U.S. Truss, the Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility (JEM EF) and the Columbus EPF (External Payload Facilities). The Integrated Truss Segment (ITS) provides the backbone structure for the ISS. It attaches the solar and thermal control arrays to the rest of the complex, and houses cable distribution trays Extravehicular Activity (EVA) support equipment such as handholds and lighting; and providing for Extravehicular Robotic (EVR) accommodations using the Mobile Servicing System (MSS). It also provides logistics and maintenance, and payload attachment sites. The attachment sites accommodate logistics and maintenance and payloads carriers, zenith and nadir. The JEM-EF, a back porch-like attachment to the JEM Pressurized Module, accommodates up to eight payloads, which can be serviced by the crew via the JEM PM's airlock and dedicated robotic arm. The Columbus-EPF is another porch-like platform that can accommodate two zenith and two nadir looking payloads.

Schaffer, Craig; Cook, Gene; Nabizadeh, Rodney; Phillion, James

2007-01-01

388

Parental incarceration, attachment and child psychopathology.  

PubMed

Theory and evidence relating parental incarceration, attachment, and psychopathology are reviewed. Parental incarceration is a strong risk factor for long-lasting psychopathology, including antisocial and internalizing outcomes. Parental incarceration might threaten children's attachment security because of parent-child separation, confusing communication about parental absence, restricted contact with incarcerated parents, and unstable caregiving arrangements. Parental incarceration can also cause economic strain, reduced supervision, stigma, home and school moves, and other negative life events for children. Thus, there are multiple possible mechanisms whereby parental incarceration might increase risk for child psychopathology. Maternal incarceration tends to cause more disruption for children than paternal incarceration and may lead to greater risk for insecure attachment and psychopathology. Children's prior attachment relations and other life experiences are likely to be of great importance for understanding children's reactions to parental incarceration. Several hypotheses are presented about how prior insecure attachment and social adversity might interact with parental incarceration and contribute to psychopathology. Carefully designed longitudinal studies, randomized controlled trials, and cross-national comparative research are required to test these hypotheses. PMID:20582842

Murray, Joseph; Murray, Lynne

2010-07-01

389

Page placement algorithms for large real-indexed caches  

Microsoft Academic Search

When a computer system supports both paged virtual memory and large real-indexed caches, cache performance depends in part on the main memory page placement. To date, most operating systems place pages by selecting an arbitrary page frame from a pool of page frames that have been made available by the page replacement algorithm. We give a simple model that shows

Richard E. Kessler; Mark D. Hill

1992-01-01

390

Narrative assessment of attachment representations: links between secure base scripts and adolescent attachment.  

PubMed

We explored the notion that adolescents possess mental secure base scripts of attachment-related events and examined, for the first time, whether these scripts were linked to adolescent attachment security. Results indicated that adolescents possessed a general script for mother and for father, and that they drew upon these scripts across different contexts. Adolescents' scripts for mother and for father were related, but only the scripts for mother predicted unique variance in adolescents' scripts for nonspecific others. Moreover, greater attachment security (as measured by the Adult Attachment Interview; AAI) was linked to greater access to and knowledge of secure base scripts for mothers, fathers, and nonspecific others. Only mother scripts, however, predicted unique variance in adolescents' AAI coherence of mind scores. Adolescents' romantic-attachment avoidance and anxiety scores (as assessed using the Experiences in Close Relationship Inventory) were linked negatively to scripts for mothers and nonspecific others, respectively. PMID:16938705

Dykas, Matthew J; Woodhouse, Susan S; Cassidy, Jude; Waters, Harriet S

2006-09-01

391

DETAIL VIEW OF TRAM BUCKET FRAME, SHOWING CLAMPING MECHANISM,WITHOUT ORE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF TRAM BUCKET FRAME, SHOWING CLAMPING MECHANISM,WITHOUT ORE BUCKET AND WHEELS. THE FRAME IS LYING ON ITS SIDE. THE ORE BUCKET WAS ATTACHED TO THE LEFT SIDE, AND TWO WHEELS WERE ATTACHED TO THE SPINDLE ON THE RIGHT. THE FRAME AND BUCKET ARE SUSPENDED FROM THE STATIONARY CABLE BY THE TWO WHEELS, WITH THE ORE BUCKET HANGING BELOW. THE WHEEL AND LEVER AT CENTER WERE ACTIVATED BY THE OPENING AND CLOSING MECHANISMS ON THE TRAM TERMINALS TO LOCK OR RELEASE THE BUCKET ONTO THE MOVING CABLE THAT RAN THROUGH THE SQUARE BLOCK AT CENTER. - Keane Wonder Mine, Park Route 4 (Daylight Pass Cutoff), Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

392

Attachment and peer relations in adolescence.  

PubMed

The aim of this investigation was to examine whether adolescent attachment representation (as assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview) is linked to the quality of adolescents' peer relations (as assessed using a standard battery of peer-report instruments tapping adolescents' social behaviors, peer victimization, social acceptance, and sociometric status). As expected, secure/autonomous adolescents were more likely than insecure/dismissing adolescents to be perceived as behaving prosocially, and less likely to be perceived as aggressive, shy-withdrawn, and victimized by peers. Other findings indicated that insecure/dismissing adolescents, compared to secure/autonomous adolescents, were less likely to be socially accepted by their peers. In addition, insecure/dismissing girls, compared to secure/autonomous girls, were more likely to be neglected; no attachment group differences emerged for boys, or for peer rejection. PMID:18773315

Dykas, Matthew J; Ziv, Yair; Cassidy, Jude

2008-06-01

393

Nuclear reactor fuel rod attachment system  

DOEpatents

A reusable system for removably attaching a nuclear reactor fuel rod (12) to a support member (14). A locking cap (22) is secured to the fuel rod (12) and a locking strip (24) is fastened to the support member (14). The locking cap (22) has two opposing fingers (24a and 24b) shaped to form a socket having a body portion (26). The locking strip has an extension (36) shaped to rigidly attach to the socket's body portion (26). The locking cap's fingers are resiliently deflectable. For attachment, the locking cap (22) is longitudinally pushed onto the locking strip (24) causing the extension (36) to temporarily deflect open the fingers (24a and 24b) to engage the socket's body portion (26). For removal, the process is reversed.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA)

1982-01-01

394

Report Shows Progress in America's War on Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Report Shows Progress in America's War on Cancer Small, but steady declines in ... a reason to promote that vaccine for both genders," Sherman said. Other increases in rare cancers remain a mystery. For example, no ...

395

Some Tiny Preemies Show Poorer Mental Health in Adulthood  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Some Tiny Preemies Show Poorer Mental Health in Adulthood Greater risks for those exposed to ... 2015) Monday, February 9, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Mental Health Premature Babies MONDAY, Feb. 9, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- ...

396

Adult attachment representations, parental responsiveness, and infant attachment: A meta-analysis on the predictive validity of the Adult Attachment Interview  

Microsoft Academic Search

About a decade ago, the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1985 ) was developed to explore parents' mental representations of attachment as manifested in language during discourse of childhood experiences. The AAI was intended to predict the quality of the infant—parent attachment relationship, as observed in the Ainsworth Strange Situation, and to predict parents'

Marinus H. van IJzendoorn

1995-01-01

397

New Drug Shows Promise for MS  

MedlinePLUS

... 2015) Tuesday, April 14, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Page Multiple Sclerosis TUESDAY, April 14, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental drug appears to repair nerve damage seen in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, results of an early trial suggest. ...

398

Total Talar Extrusion without Soft Tissue Attachments  

PubMed Central

Total talar extrusion without a soft tissue attachment is an extremely rare injury and is rarely reported. Appropriate treatment remains controversial. We describe the long-term outcomes of two patients who had complete talar extrusion without remaining soft tissue attachment treated with arthrodesis. Both of our patients had complications such as infection and progressive osteolysis. We suggest reimplantation of the extruded talus after thorough debridement as soon as possible as a reasonable option unless the talus is contaminated or missing, because an open wound may arise from inside to outside. PMID:24900908

Lee, Ho Seong; Chung, Hyun Wook

2014-01-01

399

Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion  

DOEpatents

An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening. 22 figs.

Nelsen, J.M.; Luna, D.A.; Gwinn, K.W.

1998-12-08

400

Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion  

DOEpatents

An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening. 22 figs.

Nelsen, J.M.; Luna, D.A.; Gwinn, K.W.

1997-11-18

401

Nondissociative electron attachment to molecules and clusters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present results of effective range theory calculations of nondissociative electron attachment to SF6 molecules and CO2 clusters. The first process is strongly influenced by the SF-6 virtual state, and the second by vibrational Feshbach resonances associated with electron capture by the long-range polarization field of the cluster with simultaneous vibrational excitation of one molecular unit. We also study how both processes depend on the initial vibrational excitation of the target. We obtain a noticeable dependence of the attachment cross-section on the symmetric stretch vibration of SF6, although it does not lead to a significant temperature dependence at low electron energies.

Fabrikant, I. I.

2005-08-01

402

Pilot cryo tunnel: Attachments, seals, and insulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several different tests are described which simulated the actual configuration of a cryogenic wind tunnel operating at pressures up to 5 atmospheres (507 kPa) and temperatures from -320 F (78K) to 120 F (322K) in order to determine compatible bolting, adequate sealing, and effective insulating materials. The evaluation of flange attachments (continuous threaded studs) considered bolting based on compatible flanges, attachment materials, and prescribed bolt elongations. Various types of seals and seal configurations were studied to determine suitability and reusability under the imposed pressure and temperature loadings. The temperature profile was established for several materials used for structural supports.

Wilson, J. F.; Ware, G. D.; Ramsey, J. W., Jr.

1974-01-01

403

Summary of Attached Inflatable Decelerator (AID) Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Summary of Attached Inflatable Decelerator (AID) Development. Attached inflatable decelerators (AID) were tested in an environmental chamber, a spin tunnel, and a wind tunnel. Deployment tests were conducted in environmental chamber to examine guided and unguided water alcohol vapor inflation. Subsonic performance tests were conducted in the spin tunnel. The full-scale wind tunnel was used for AID gust and supersonic performance tests. The supersonic tests were conducted at Mach number 3.0 with 12 ounces of fluid and Mach number 2.2 with six ounces of fluid. [Entire movie available on DVD from CASI as Doc ID 20070030992. Contact help@sti.nasa.gov

1968-01-01

404

Giant Gravitons - with Strings Attached (I)  

E-print Network

In this article, the free field theory limit of operators dual to giant gravitons with open strings attached are studied. We introduce a graphical notation, which employs Young diagrams, for these operators. The computation of two point correlation functions is reduced to the application of three simple rules, written as graphical operations performed on the Young diagram labels of the operators. Using this technology, we have studied gravitational radiation by giant gravitons and bound states of giant gravitons, transitions between excited giant graviton states and joining of open strings attached to the giant.

Robert de Mello Koch; Jelena Smolic; Milena Smolic

2007-07-11

405

Attachment and vibrational excitation in low-energy electron collisions with chlorine molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a combined experimental and theoretical effort, we have investigated attachment and vibrational excitation in low-energy electron collisions with chlorine molecules. Using the laser photoelectron attachment method, we have measured the energy dependence of the cross section for dissociative electron attachment (Cl^- formation) over the range 0 - 195 meV with an energy width of 1-3 meV. Near zero energy, the cross section shows a behavior compatible with the threshold law for p-wawe attachment via the ^2?_u^+ resonance, reaches a maximum around 50 meV and declines towards higher energies. These findings are in very good agreement with the results of semiempirical R-matrix calculations. The latter are extended to describe attachment through the ^2?g and ^2?u resonances, and recommended absolute cross sections for dissociative attachment to chlorine molecules at room temperature are provided over the energy range 0 - 9 eV. Furthermore, we predict cross sections for vibrationally inelastic scattering through the ^2?_u^+, ^2?_g, and ^2?u resonances.

Fabrikant, Ilya; Barsotti, Stefano; Ruf, Martin; Hotop, Hartmut

2003-05-01

406

The role of attachment styles in regulating the effects of dopamine on the behavior of salespersons  

PubMed Central

Two classic strategic orientations have been found to pervade the behavior of modern salespersons: a sales orientation (SO) where salespersons use deception or guile to get customers to buy even if they do not need a product, and a customer orientation (CO) where salespersons first attempt to discover the customer's needs and adjust their product and selling approach to meet those needs. Study 1 replicates recent research and finds that the Taq A1 variant of the DRD2 gene is not related to either sales or CO, whereas the 7-repeat variant of the DRD4 gene is related to CO but not SO. Study 2 investigates gene × phenotype explanations of orientation of salespersons, drawing upon recent research in molecular genetics and biological/psychological attachment theory. The findings show that attachment style regulates the effects of DRD2 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the A2/A2 variant but neither the A1/A2 nor A1/A1 variants. Likewise, attachment style regulates the effects of DRD4 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the 7-repeat variant but not other variants. No effects were found on a SO, and secure and anxious attachment styles did not function as moderators. PMID:24550811

Verbeke, Willem; Bagozzi, Richard P.; van den Berg, Wouter E.

2014-01-01

407

Attached and Planktonic Listeria monocytogenes Global Proteomic Responses and Associated Influence of Strain Genetics and Temperature.  

PubMed

Contamination of industrial and domestic food usage environments by the attachement of bacterial food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes has public health and economic implications. Comprehensive proteomics experiments using label-free liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry were used to compare the proteomes of two different L. monocytogenes strains (Siliken_1/2c and F2365_4b), which show very different capacities to attach to surfaces. Growth temperature and strain type were highly influential on the proteomes in both attached and planktonic cells. On the basis of the proteomic data, it is highly unlikely that specific surface proteins play a direct role in adherence to inanimate surfaces. Instead, strain-dependent responses related to cell envelope polymer biosynthesis and stress response regulation likely contribute to a different ability to attach and also to survive external stressors. Collectively, the divergent proteome-level responses observed define strain- and growth-temperature-dependent differences relevant to attachment efficacy, highlight relevant proteins involved in stress protection in attached cells, and suggest that strain differences and growth conditions are important in relation to environmental persistence. PMID:25516393

Mata, Marcia M; da Silva, Wladimir P; Wilson, Richard; Lowe, Edwin; Bowman, John P

2015-02-01

408

A case study showing how one young child represented issues concerned with attachment and separation in her spontaneous explorations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a case study of a young child, demonstrating evidence of a connection between enveloping objects and understanding presence and absence of a temporary and permanent nature. The starting point for the researcher was: an interest in identifying schemas or repeated patterns in order to understand cognitive development and; a curiosity as to why young children explore certain

Cath Arnold

2009-01-01

409

Evaluation of statistical models for predicting Escherichia coli particle attachment in fluvial systems.  

PubMed

Modeling surface water Escherichia coli fate and transport requires partitioning E. coli into particle-attached and unattached fractions. Attachment is often assumed to be a constant fraction or is estimated using simple linear models. The objectives of this study were to: (i) develop statistical models for predicting E. coli attachment and virulence marker presence in fluvial systems, and (ii) relate E. coli attachment to a variety of environmental parameters. Stream water samples (n = 60) were collected at four locations in a rural, mixed-use watershed between June and October 2012, with four storm events (>20 mm rainfall) being captured. The percentage of E. coli attached to particles (>5 ?m) and the occurrences of virulence markers were modeled using water quality, particle concentration, particle size distribution, hydrology and land use factors as explanatory variables. Three types of statistical models appropriate for highly collinear, multidimensional data were compared: least angle shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), classification and regression trees using the general, unbiased, interaction detection and estimation (GUIDE) algorithm, and multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS). All models showed that E. coli particle attachment and the presence of E. coli virulence markers in the attached and unattached states were influenced by a combination of water quality, hydrology, land-use and particle properties. Model performance statistics indicate that MARS models outperform LASSO and GUIDE models for predicting E. coli particle attachment and virulence marker occurrence. Validating the MARS modeling approach in multiple watersheds may allow for the development of a parameterizing model to be included in watershed simulation models. PMID:24075474

Piorkowski, Gregory; Jamieson, Rob; Bezanson, Greg; Hansen, Lisbeth Truelstrup; Yost, Chris

2013-11-01

410

Individual attachment style modulates human amygdala and striatum activation during social appraisal.  

PubMed

Adult attachment style refers to individual personality traits that strongly influence emotional bonds and reactions to social partners. Behavioral research has shown that adult attachment style reflects profound differences in sensitivity to social signals of support or conflict, but the neural substrates underlying such differences remain unsettled. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined how the three classic prototypes of attachment style (secure, avoidant, anxious) modulate brain responses to facial expressions conveying either positive or negative feedback about task performance (either supportive or hostile) in a social game context. Activation of striatum and ventral tegmental area was enhanced to positive feedback signaled by a smiling face, but this was reduced in participants with avoidant attachment, indicating relative impassiveness to social reward. Conversely, a left amygdala response was evoked by angry faces associated with negative feedback, and correlated positively with anxious attachment, suggesting an increased sensitivity to social punishment. Secure attachment showed mirror effects in striatum and amygdala, but no other specific correlate. These results reveal a critical role for brain systems implicated in reward and threat processing in the biological underpinnings of adult attachment style, and provide new support to psychological models that have postulated two separate affective dimensions to explain these individual differences, centered on the ventral striatum and amygdala circuits, respectively. These findings also demonstrate that brain responses to face expressions are not driven by facial features alone but determined by the personal significance of expressions in current social context. By linking fundamental psychosocial dimensions of adult attachment with brain function, our results do not only corroborate their biological bases but also help understand their impact on behavior. PMID:18682729

Vrticka, Pascal; Andersson, Frédéric; Grandjean, Didier; Sander, David; Vuilleumier, Patrik

2008-01-01

411

Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein/Thrombospondin 5 Supports Chondrocyte Attachment through Interaction with Integrins*  

PubMed Central

Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein/thrombospondin 5 (COMP/TSP5) is a major component of the extracellular matrix of the musculoskeletal system. Although COMP/TSP5 abnormalities are associated with several pathological conditions, its normal function remains unclear. This study was undertaken to delineate the function(s) of COMP/TSP5 in cartilage, especially regarding its interaction with chondrocytes. We show that COMP/TSP5 can support chondrocyte attachment and that the RGD sequence in COMP/TSP5 and the integrin receptors ?5?1 and ?V?3 on the chondrocytes are involved in mediating this attachment. The interactions of COMP/TSP5 with the integrins are dependent on COMP/TSP5 conformation. Chondrocyte attachment to COMP/TSP5 in the calcium-replete conformation was inhibited by function-blocking integrin ?5 and ?1 antibodies, suggesting the involvement of the ?5?1 integrin. Under this condition, a function-blocking antibody against ?V?3 did not have any effect on cell attachment. On the other hand, chondrocyte attachment to reduced COMP/TSP5 was instead sensitive to ?V?3 function-blocking antibodies, suggesting that COMP/TSP5 mediates attachment through chondrocyte ?V?3 integrin under this condition. Cell attachment to reduced COMP/TSP5 was not inhibited by ?1 antibodies. These data indicate that COMP/TSP5 in different conformations can utilize different integrin receptors. These results are the first to demonstrate that COMP/TSP5 can mediate chondrocyte attachment through interactions with integrins. Through these interactions, COMP/TSP5 may be able to regulate cellular activities and respond to environment in the surrounding cartilage matrix. PMID:16051604

Chen, Faye Hui; Thomas, Ashby O.; Hecht, Jacqueline T.; Goldring, Mary B.; Lawler, Jack

2010-01-01

412

Do Adolescents and Parents Reconstruct Memories about Their Conflict as a Function of Adolescent Attachment?  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether 17-year-old adolescents (n = 189) and their parents reconstruct their memory for an adolescent-parent laboratory conflict over a 6-week period as a function of adolescent (AAI) attachment organization. It also compared participants’ perceptions of conflict over time to observational ratings of the conflict to further characterize the nature of the attachment-related memory biases that emerged. Secure adolescents reconstructed interactions with each parent more favorably over time, whereas insecure adolescents showed less favorable reconstructive memory. Likewise, mothers of secure girls reconstructed conflicts more favorably over time, whereas mothers of insecure boys showed less favorable reconstructive memory. Participant ratings were associated with observational ratings in theoretically consistent ways. Contrary to expectations, fathers showed no attachment-related memory biases. PMID:20840233

Dykas, Matthew J.; Woodhouse, Susan S.; Ehrlich, Katherine B.; Cassidy, Jude

2010-01-01

413

Do adolescents and parents reconstruct memories about their conflict as a function of adolescent attachment?  

PubMed

This study examined whether 17-year-old adolescents (n=189) and their parents reconstructed their memory for an adolescent-parent laboratory conflict over a 6-week period as a function of adolescent attachment organization. It also compared participants' perceptions of conflict over time to observational ratings of the conflict to further characterize the nature of the attachment-related memory biases that emerged. Secure adolescents reconstructed interactions with each parent more favorably over time, whereas insecure adolescents showed less favorable reconstructive memory. Likewise, mothers of secure girls reconstructed conflicts more favorably over time, whereas mothers of insecure boys showed less favorable reconstructive memory. Participant ratings were associated with observational ratings in theoretically consistent ways. Contrary to expectations, fathers showed no attachment-related memory biases. PMID:20840233

Dykas, Matthew J; Woodhouse, Susan S; Ehrlich, Katherine B; Cassidy, Jude

2010-01-01

414

Sexuality examined through the lens of attachment theory: attachment, caregiving, and sexual satisfaction.  

PubMed

Attachment researchers have proposed that the attachment, caregiving, and sexual behavioral systems are interrelated in adult love relationships (Mikulincer & Shaver, 2007 ). This study examined whether aspects of partners' caregiving (proximity, sensitivity, control, compulsive caregiving) mediated the association between their attachment insecurities (anxiety and avoidance) and each other's sexual satisfaction in two samples of committed couples (Study 1: 126 cohabiting or married couples from the general community; Study 2: 55 clinically distressed couples). Partners completed the Experiences in Close Relationships measure (Brennan, Clark, & Shaver, 1998 ), the Caregiving Questionnaire (Kunce & Shaver, 1994 ), and the Global Measure of Sexual Satisfaction (Lawrance & Byers, 1998 ). Path analyses based on the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) revealed that caregiving proximity mediated the association between low attachment avoidance and partners' sexual satisfaction in distressed and nondistressed couples. Sensitivity mediated this association in nondistressed couples only. Control mediated the association between men's insecurities (attachment-related avoidance and anxiety) and their partners' low sexual satisfaction in nondistressed couples. Attachment anxiety predicted compulsive caregiving, but this caregiving dimension was not a significant mediator. These results are discussed in light of attachment theory and their implications for treating distressed couples. PMID:23659357

Péloquin, Katherine; Brassard, Audrey; Lafontaine, Marie-France; Shaver, Phillip R

2014-01-01

415

Viii. Attachment and sleep among toddlers: disentangling attachment security and dependency.  

PubMed

Many scholars have proposed that parent-child attachment security should favor child sleep. Research has yet, however, to provide convincing support for this hypothesis. The current study used objective measures of sleep and attachment to assess the longitudinal links between mother-child attachment security and subsequent sleep, controlling for child dependency. Sixty-two middle-class families (30 girls) were met twice, when children were 15 months (Wave 1; W1) and 2 years of age (Wave 2; W2). At W1, mother-child attachment was assessed with the observer version of the Attachment Q-Sort. At W2, children wore an actigraph monitor for 72?hr. Results indicated that children more securely attached to their mothers subsequently slept more at night and had higher sleep efficiency, and these predictions were not confounded by child dependency. These findings suggest a unique role for secure attachment relationships in the development of young children's sleep regulation, while addressing methodological issues that have long precluded consensus in this literature. PMID:25704739

Bélanger, Marie-Ève; Bernier, Annie; Simard, Valérie; Bordeleau, Stéphanie; Carrier, Julie

2015-03-01

416

Attachment and physiological reactivity to infant crying in young adulthood: dissociation between experiential and physiological arousal in insecure adoptees.  

PubMed

The associations between attachment representations of adopted young adults and their experiential and physiological arousal to infant crying were examined. Attachment representations were assessed with the Attachment Script Assessment (ASA), and the young adults listened to infant cries, during which ratings of cry perception were collected and physiological reactivity was measured. Secure adoptees showed a well-integrated response to infant distress: heart-rate increases and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) withdrawal were coupled with heightened perception of urgency in these individuals. In insecure adoptees RSA withdrawal was absent, and a combination of lowered perceived urgency and heightened sympathetic arousal was found, reflecting a deactivating style of emotional reactivity. Overall, our findings support the idea that internal working models of attachment explain individual differences in the way attachment-related information is processed. PMID:25460537

Schoenmaker, Christie; Huffmeijer, Renske; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J; van den Dries, Linda; Linting, Mariëlle; van der Voort, Anja; Juffer, Femmie

2015-02-01

417

He loves her, he loves her not: attachment style as a personality antecedent to men's ambivalent sexism.  

PubMed

The authors present an integrative account of how attachment insecurities relate to sexism. Two studies showed that attachment avoidance predisposes men to endorse hostile but to reject benevolent sexism (BS), whereas attachment anxiety predisposes men toward ambivalent (both hostile and benevolent) sexism. The authors also tested predicted mediators, finding that men's social dominance orientation (a competitive intergroup ideology) mediated the avoidance to hostile sexism link. In addition, romanticism (an idealized interpersonal ideology) mediated attachment insecurity to BS links: (a) Avoidant men tended to reject romanticism (i.e., were cynical about romance) and, in turn, were likely to reject BS, whereas (b) anxious men tended to endorse romanticism (i.e., were idealistic about romance) and, in turn, likely to endorse BS. The authors conclude that men's sexism stems in part from dispositional attachment working models, both directly and through the interpersonal and intergroup ideologies they generate. PMID:22854788

Hart, Joshua; Hung, Jacqueline A; Glick, Peter; Dinero, Rachel E

2012-11-01

418

Page 1 of 8 Dear Dartmouth Student-Athlete,  

E-print Network

for sickle cell trait, provide the institution with proof of a prior test, or sign the attached waiver whether or not you have the sickle cell trait. Many newborns in the United States are tested & Rugby (pages 2-4) 2. Lab report on Sickle Cell testing 3. Medical Exception for ADHD/ADD if applicable

419

Survivor-victim status, attachment, and sudden death bereavement.  

PubMed

This research examines the significance of the survivor-victim relationship in understanding grief following sudden death bereavement. Data for this study come from medical examiner's reports and mailed self-report surveys of survivors of suicide and accidental death. In general, the results show that survivor-victim attachment is more important than survivor's status in explaining grief reactions. Also, suicide survivors experience significantly less emotional distress and shock, but greater feelings of guilt/shame and rejection, than survivors of accidental death. This paper concludes by directing future research to explore more fully the importance of survivor-victim relationships in understanding grief following bereavement. PMID:1799019

Reed, M D; Greenwald, J Y

1991-01-01

420

District nursing sister attached to hospital surgical department.  

PubMed

An experiment of attaching a district nursing sister to the surgical department of a general hospital was designed to show the use of the district nursing service for the after-care of patients discharged from hospital after surgical treatment. In a 15-week period about 590 bed days were saved, and only six out of 126 patients discharged early had to be readmitted. Most of the patients and the general practitioners who replied to questionaries about the scheme were in favour of it. PMID:4314877

Hockey, L

1970-04-18

421

District Nursing Sister Attached to Hospital Surgical Department  

PubMed Central

An experiment of attaching a district nursing sister to the surgical department of a general hospital was designed to show the use of the district nursing service for the after-care of patients discharged from hospital after surgical treatment. In a 15-week period about 590 bed days were saved, and only six out of 126 patients discharged early had to be readmitted. Most of the patients and the general practitioners who replied to questionaries about the scheme were in favour of it. PMID:4314877

Hockey, Lisbeth

1970-01-01

422

Insect attachment on crystalline bioinspired wax surfaces formed by alkanes of varying chain lengths  

PubMed Central

Summary The impeding effect of plant surfaces covered with three-dimensional wax on attachment and locomotion of insects has been shown previously in numerous experimental studies. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different parameters of crystalline wax coverage on insect attachment. We performed traction experiments with the beetle Coccinella septempunctata and pull-off force measurements with artificial adhesive systems (tacky polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres) on bioinspired wax surfaces formed by four alkanes of varying chain lengths (C36H74, C40H82, C44H90, and C50H102). All these highly hydrophobic coatings were composed of crystals having similar morphologies but differing in size and distribution/density, and exhibited different surface roughness. The crystal size (length and thickness) decreased with an increase of the chain length of the alkanes that formed these surfaces, whereas the density of the wax coverage, as well as the surface roughness, showed an opposite relationship. Traction tests demonstrated a significant, up to 30 fold, reduction of insect attachment forces on the wax surfaces when compared with the reference glass sample. Attachment of the beetles to the wax substrates probably relied solely on the performance of adhesive pads. We found no influence of the wax coatings on the subsequent attachment ability of beetles. The obtained data are explained by the reduction of the real contact between the setal tips of the insect adhesive pads and the wax surfaces due to the micro- and nanoscopic roughness introduced by wax crystals. Experiments with polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres showed much higher forces on wax samples when compared to insect attachment forces measured on these surfaces. We explain these results by the differences in material properties between polydimethylsiloxane probes and tenent setae of C. septempunctata beetles. Among wax surfaces, force experiments showed stronger insect attachment and higher pull-off forces of polydimethylsiloxane probes on wax surfaces having a higher density of wax coverage, created by smaller crystals. PMID:25161838

Böhm, Sandro; Jacky, Nadine; Maier, Louis-Philippe; Dening, Kirstin; Pechook, Sasha; Pokroy, Boaz; Gorb, Stanislav

2014-01-01

423

Insect attachment on crystalline bioinspired wax surfaces formed by alkanes of varying chain lengths.  

PubMed

The impeding effect of plant surfaces covered with three-dimensional wax on attachment and locomotion of insects has been shown previously in numerous experimental studies. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different parameters of crystalline wax coverage on insect attachment. We performed traction experiments with the beetle Coccinella septempunctata and pull-off force measurements with artificial adhesive systems (tacky polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres) on bioinspired wax surfaces formed by four alkanes of varying chain lengths (C36H74, C40H82, C44H90, and C50H102). All these highly hydrophobic coatings were composed of crystals having similar morphologies but differing in size and distribution/density, and exhibited different surface roughness. The crystal size (length and thickness) decreased with an increase of the chain length of the alkanes that formed these surfaces, whereas the density of the wax coverage, as well as the surface roughness, showed an opposite relationship. Traction tests demonstrated a significant, up to 30 fold, reduction of insect attachment forces on the wax surfaces when compared with the reference glass sample. Attachment of the beetles to the wax substrates probably relied solely on the performance of adhesive pads. We found no influence of the wax coatings on the subsequent attachment ability of beetles. The obtained data are explained by the reduction of the real contact between the setal tips of the insect adhesive pads and the wax surfaces due to the micro- and nanoscopic roughness introduced by wax crystals. Experiments with polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres showed much higher forces on wax samples when compared to insect attachment forces measured on these surfaces. We explain these results by the differences in material properties between polydimethylsiloxane probes and tenent setae of C. septempunctata beetles. Among wax surfaces, force experiments showed stronger insect attachment and higher pull-off forces of polydimethylsiloxane probes on wax surfaces having a higher density of wax coverage, created by smaller crystals. PMID:25161838

Gorb, Elena; Böhm, Sandro; Jacky, Nadine; Maier, Louis-Philippe; Dening, Kirstin; Pechook, Sasha; Pokroy, Boaz; Gorb, Stanislav

2014-01-01

424

Exploring Individual Differences in Reactions to Mortality Salience: Does Attachment Style Regulate Terror Management Mechanisms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies examined the contribution of attachment style to mortality salience effects. In Study 1, mortality salience led to more severe judgments of transgressions only among anxious–ambivalent and avoidant persons but not among secure persons. In addition, whereas anxious–ambivalent persons showed immediate and delayed increases in severity judgments, avoidant persons showed this response only after a delay period. In Study

Mario Mikulincer; Victor Florian

2000-01-01

425

Surface treatments and cell attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Photoelectron spectroscopic examination of treated plastic surfaces showed that surface oxidation, primarily as carboxyl groups,\\u000a was responsible for formation of good growth surfaces. Gas-plasma studies indicated that only very short exposures were required\\u000a and that the effect was confined to a thin surface layer that produced adhesive surfaces. Highly adhesive surfaces were produced\\u000a using oxidizing chemicals. Studies with a polymeric

W. S. Ramsey; W. Hertl; E. D. Nowlan; N. J. Binkowski

1984-01-01

426

Preferential Attachment in Constraint Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many complex real-world systems can be modeled using a graphical structure such as a constraint network. If the properties of such a structure can be exploited, many challenging computational tasks can have good typical-case runtimes even if they are theoretically intractable in general. In this paper we show that many real-world constraint networks induce binary networks that share a common

David Devlin; Barry O'sullivan

2009-01-01

427

Remaining or becoming secure: parental sensitive support predicts attachment continuity from infancy to adolescence in a longitudinal adoption study.  

PubMed

In a longitudinal study with 125 early adopted adolescents, we examined continuity of attachment from infancy to adolescence and the role of parental sensitive support in explaining continuity or discontinuity of attachment. Assessments of maternal sensitive support and infant attachment (Strange Situation Procedure) were completed when infants were 12 months old. When the children were 14 years old, we observed mothers' sensitive support during a conflict discussion. The adolescents' attachment representations were assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview. Mothers of secure adolescents showed significantly more sensitive support during conflicts than did mothers of insecure adolescents. Overall, no continuity of attachment from infancy to adolescence was found. However, maternal sensitive support in early childhood and adolescence predicted continuity of secure attachment from 1 to 14 years, whereas less maternal sensitive support in early childhood but more maternal sensitive support in adolescence predicted children's change from insecurity in infancy to security in adolescence. We conclude that both early and later parental sensitive support are important for continuity of attachment across the first 14 years of life. PMID:22369333

Beijersbergen, Mariëlle D; Juffer, Femmie; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H

2012-09-01

428

Investigating the effect of surface topography on hydrophobicity and bacterial attachment on polystyrene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present an investigation into the effects of surface topography (roughness) and hydrophobicity (contact angle measurement) on bacteria adhesion for polystyrene materials. The surfaces of polystyrene substrates were patterned using UV-laser radiation with a wavelength of 193 nm under different conditions. Various surface topographies were fabricated and were measured by an optical surface profiler and contact angle measurements were recorded. For the bacterial adhesion experiments, an assay of Escherichia coli (E. coli) was developed and used for measurements on both as-received and modified polystyrene surfaces. The method is based on the staining of attached bacterial cells with the nucleic acid-binding, green fluorescent DAPI (4?, 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) stain. The preliminary results show that laser-assisted modification induced by laser ablation can make polystyrene substrates either more hydrophilic (with oxygen) or more hydrophobic (with air). The contact angle can be varied from 37° to 108°. The results on bacterial attachment show that the polystyrene substrates as received have no bacteria attached, indicating a good anti-bacterial performance. The treated substrates show some bacterial attachment and, in particular, the surfaces with a high contact angle have much higher numbers of bacterial cells attached. This indicates that such a laser-assisted process with air can make polystyrene surfaces more attractive to E. coli bacteria.

Mohamad, A. J.; Zhu, X.; Tian, Y.; Wellington, E. M. H.; Pfleging, W.; Liu, X.

2014-04-01

429

CORRECTION The Journal of Cell Biology Dirac-Svejstrup et al. Vol. 150, No. 3, August 7, 2000. Pages 475487.  

E-print Network

. Pages 475­487. In the last sentence of the Abstract, the term "trans-soluble NSF attachment protein that involves the for- mation of t-SNARE (trans­soluble NSF attachment protein [SNAP] receptor) complexes. Key-SNARE (trans­soluble NSF at- tachment protein [SNAP] receptor) complexes. onMarch6,2008www

Shorter, James

430

US-Japan Joint Institute for Fusion Theory Page 1 Annual Report of Activities for 1996-97  

E-print Network

US-Japan Joint Institute for Fusion Theory Page 1 Annual Report of Activities for 1996-97 TO: March 24, 1997 SUBJECT: JIFT Annual Report of Activities for 1996-97 CONTENTS: 1. Introduction 2. Status Administration References Attachment A: 1996-97 JIFT Program Attachment B: Proposed 1997-98 JIFT Program

Ito, Atsushi

431

Attachment and the Law Jane Williams  

E-print Network

Council of Europe Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings UN Convention on the RightsAttachment and the Law Jane Williams Wales Observatory on Human Rights ofWales Observatory on Human Rights ofWales Observatory on Human Rights ofWales Observatory on Human Rights of Children and Young

Harman, Neal.A.

432

ATTACHMENT A POLICY 07-02-04  

E-print Network

; disclosures made to persons involved in the patient's care; national security or intelligence disclosuresATTACHMENT A POLICY 07-02-04 April 14, 2003 UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH Patient Request for Accounting of Disclosures of Protected Health Information Date of Request: _____________________________ Patient Name

Sibille, Etienne

433

Childhood Abuse and Attachment Styles of Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The fact that emotional and social experiences in early childhood period within the family influence the experiences in adolescence and adulthood (communication skills, interpersonal relations) is not a new case. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the relationship between childhood abuse and attachment styles. Method: The…

Karakus, Ozlem

2012-01-01

434

Attachment and Cognitive Architecture Ian Horswill  

E-print Network

- oriented agent architectures. However, mammals also have a number of special-purpose behavioral systems to surrogate caregivers who treat them much better. Bowlby looked to ethology (the study of animal behavior capabilities such as language and planning. In this position paper, I argue that the attachment behavior system

Bustamante, Fabián E.

435

ILLNESS, LIMINALITY AND ATTACHMENT TO NARRATIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article medically unexplained physical symptoms are theoretica- lly explored as inseparable from an illness behaviour, which can be observed in partnerships and in families. It is a central claim that different ways of somatization depend upon different narratives. Each narrative links individual dilemmas with an individual illness behaviour in a process of attachment. It is the argument here

Jørgen Østergård Andersen

436

Artificial Pets: Simple Behaviors Elicit Complex Attachments  

E-print Network

Artificial Pets: Simple Behaviors Elicit Complex Attachments Judith Donath To appear in The Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, edited by Marc Bekoff. Greenwood Press. Artificial pets are robotic toys with pet-like behavior. Unlike traditional robots, which are made to be intelligent tools that serve

437

Pre-Lingual Communication and Attachment Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Infant's crying may have an important mediating role in the formation of attachment behavior. The earliest vocalizations are discussed in terms of an acoustic communications model in which the baby's vocal repertoire becomes incorporated into a closed-loop, feedback system with his mother. Certain pre-lingual "signals" may be associated with those…

Modarressi, Taghi; McCulloch, Duncan

438

Thermal electron attachment to F2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rate constants have been measured from 300 to 700 K for thermal electron attachment to F2 using two flowing afterglow-Langmuir probe apparatuses. Dissociative attachment yielding F- is observed with a rate constant of 5.0 ± 1.3 × 10-9 cm3 s-1 at 300 K, rising to 9.6 ± 2.4 × 10-9 cm3 s-1 at 700 K, well below the previously accepted values of McCorkle [D. L. McCorkle, L. G. Christophorou, A. A. Christodoulides, and L. Pichiarella, J. Chem. Phys.JCPSA60021-960610.1063/1.451139 85, 1966 (1986)]. The absolute concentration of F2 reaching the afterglow is verified by measuring the near-collisional rate constant (4.5 ± 1.5 × 10-10 cm3 s-1) for Ar+ + F2?ArF+ + F. Prior attempts to apply R-matrix calculations to the F2 + e- system have failed to explain previously reported thermal and nonthermal attachment rate constants along with high-resolution, low-energy attachment cross sections. The present results are reproduced exceptionally well by R-matrix calculations employing previously calculated resonance widths without adjustment.

Shuman, Nicholas S.; Miller, Thomas M.; Viggiano, Albert A.; Fabrikant, Ilya I.

2013-12-01

439

Attachment Theory and Multiple Dimensions of Grief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined questionnaires completed by acutely bereaved widows and widowers to identify dimensions of psychological stress associated with bereavement. Found four factors that were meaningfully understood within the framework of attachment theory. Findings support view that grief is a complex, evolving process with multiple dimensions. (Author/NB)

Jacobs, Selby C.; And Others

1988-01-01

440

Omnidirectional Vision Attachment for Medical Endoscopes  

E-print Network

such that an affected area could be overlooked since the gastrointestinal system is intricate and the inside shaped that the field behind an endoscope tip can be observed using the attachment. 1 Introduction Examining digestive of the most common methods for digestive disease investigations. The numbers of examinations are about 5, 6

Sagawa, Ryusuke

441

Attachment Styles, Abuse Experiences and Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine the relationship between abuse experiences, depression and attachment styles. The data for this study was collected from 251 students (123 females and 128 males) who attend Mersin University. As a part of the data collection, students completed the Experiences in Affiliation Inventory, Childhood Trauma Scale and Brief…

Gunduz, Bulent; Capri, Burhan; Akbay, Sinem Evin; Tunc, Aygul

2013-01-01

442

Attaching strain gages by ultrasonic plastic welding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technique employs application of pressure and ultrasound to effect welding of encapsulated strain gates to metallic surfaces. Process requires no heat or adhesives. Technique might also be used to simplify curing of epoxy adhesives and for attachment problems like bonding cryogenic temperature sensors to structural parts.

Sheppard, A. T.; Silbert, L.

1977-01-01

443

Attachment A Certificate in Global Health  

E-print Network

Attachment A Certificate in Global Health Core Competencies Candidates who successfully complete the Certificate in Global Health will have achieved the following educational benchmarks: Expansion and discussion of their knowledge of major themes and trends in global health; Enhancement of their communication skills for trans

Sheridan, Jennifer

444

Attachment 09 Station Location Area Maps  

E-print Network

Attachment 09 Station Location Area Maps Grant Solicitation PON13607 Hydrogen Refueling November 22, 2013 #12;PON13607 November 22, 2013 Berkeley #12;Beverly Hills PON13607 November 22, 2013 #12;Coalinga PON13607 November 22, 2013 #12;Costa Mesa PON13607 November 22, 2013 #12;Culver City PON13607

445

Reactive attachment disorder as an evolutionary adaptation.  

PubMed

This paper suggests that the behaviours associated with the formal diagnosis of the "disinhibited" form of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) might be seen as a functional adaptation rather than a mental health problem, a facultative response enhancing the probability of survival that is triggered by certain conditions. Although disinhibited RAD is most commonly observed in institutionalised children, similar behaviours may also be a part of the emotional difficulties displayed by some fostered and adopted children (the latter includes those once institutionalised), and these may demonstrate not so much a discrete attachment disorder as either the need to fend for oneself following loss of dedicated caregiving or a lack of opportunity to build specific intimate relationships with dedicated caregivers. In many cases this may be inextricably mixed with the neurobiological and psychological seqelae of maltreatment. Indiscriminate attachment behaviour, from this proposed evolutionary perspective, is less a syndrome of mental ill-health than an astute survival manoeuvre following being orphaned, abandoned or fecklessly reared. Such a response, allied to the innate facility to access caregiving from different adults, could be expected to be initiated by specific events as are the other attachment configurations. Classing disinhibited RAD as an adaptation has implications for helping children brought up under extreme duress when their caregiving environment has changed for the better. PMID:20473797

Balbernie, Robin

2010-05-01

446

Reactive attachment disorder as an evolutionary adaptation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that the behaviours associated with the formal diagnosis of the “disinhibited” form of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) might be seen as a functional adaptation rather than a mental health problem, a facultative response enhancing the probability of survival that is triggered by certain conditions. Although disinhibited RAD is most commonly observed in institutionalised children, similar behaviours may

Robin Balbernie

2010-01-01

447

BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS Opioids and Attachment in  

E-print Network

BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS Opioids and Attachment in Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) Abusive Mothers Maestripieri University of Chicago This study investigated the role of the endogenous opioid system in maternal parenting. Eighteen mothers received an injection of the opioid antagonist naltrexone or saline for 5 days

Maestripieri, Dario

448

Molecular genetics of bacterial attachment and biofouling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microbial adhesion to animate or inert surfaces is potentially mediated by nonspecific physical or specific ligand—receptor interactions. Growth and survival of the microbial community or biofilm then depends on adaptation to a series of changing environmental milieux. Within the realm of cell—cell interaction, recent advances suggest that flagella, fimbriae and other protein receptors are essential for bacterial attachment to surfaces.

Helen M Dalton; Paul E March

1998-01-01

449

Doorway mechanism for Dissociative Electron attachment  

E-print Network

Fructose #12;Dissociative electron attachment e resonance stable radical anion #12;Doorway mechanism Metastable region V = V DB W W Vval W 20 ­ 30 meV #12;+ e (0 eV) H2 O + ? #12;Fructose Primer Pyranose Chain Furanose 0 kcal/mol 7 kcal/mol 3 kcal/mol #12;Doorway DEA to Fructose? Dipolebound state Valence

Simons, Jack

450

OPTIMAL COST CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR ATTACHED ALGAE  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents a cost-benefit analysis for alternative programs intended for the control of the nuisance growth of an attached alga (Cladophora). Such analyses require that changes in water quality be quantitatively related to the cost of implementation for specific manageme...

451

Conversion and Attachment Insecurity Among Orthodox Jews  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radical conversion, which entails a sweeping transformation of existing meaning systems, is often precipitated by emotional distress. Nevertheless, although many individuals turn toward religion when distressed, few undertake total and radical conversions. Previous research suggests that insecurely attached individuals—who resemble James's disillusioned, doubting, and divided sick souls—may be particularly prone to radical conversions. Thus, the present research examined insecure parental

Steven Pirutinsky

2009-01-01

452

Graphene oxide immobilized enzymes show high thermal and solvent stability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The thermal and solvent tolerance of enzymes is highly important for their industrial use. We show here that the enzyme lipase from Rhizopus oryzae exhibits exceptionally high thermal stability and high solvent tolerance and even increased activity in acetone when immobilized onto a graphene oxide (GO) nanosupport prepared by Staudenmaier and Brodie methods. We studied various forms of immobilization of the enzyme: by physical adsorption, covalent attachment, and additional crosslinking. The activity recovery was shown to be dependent on the support type, enzyme loading and immobilization procedure. Covalently immobilized lipase showed significantly better resistance to heat inactivation (the activity recovery was 65% at 70 °C) in comparison with the soluble counterpart (the activity recovery was 65% at 40 °C). Physically adsorbed lipase achieved over 100% of the initial activity in a series of organic solvents. These findings, showing enhanced thermal stability and solvent tolerance of graphene oxide immobilized enzyme, will have a profound impact on practical industrial scale uses of enzymes for the conversion of lipids into fuels.The thermal and solvent tolerance of enzymes is highly important for their industrial use. We show here that the enzyme lipase from Rhizopus oryzae exhibits exceptionally high thermal stability and high solvent tolerance and even increased activity in acetone when immobilized onto a graphene oxide (GO) nanosupport prepared by Staudenmaier and Brodie methods. We studied various forms of immobilization of the enzyme: by physical adsorption, covalent attachment, and additional crosslinking. The activity recovery was shown to be dependent on the support type, enzyme loading and immobilization procedure. Covalently immobilized lipase showed significantly better resistance to heat inactivation (the activity recovery was 65% at 70 °C) in comparison with the soluble counterpart (the activity recovery was 65% at 40 °C). Physically adsorbed lipase achieved over 100% of the initial activity in a series of organic solvents. These findings, showing enhanced thermal stability and solvent tolerance of graphene oxide immobilized enzyme, will have a profound impact on practical industrial scale uses of enzymes for the conversion of lipids into fuels. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr00438a

Hermanová, So?a; Zarevúcká, Marie; Bouša, Daniel; Pumera, Martin; Sofer, Zden?k

2015-03-01

453

Diel and Seasonal Variations in Abundance, Activity, and Community Structure of Particle-Attached and Free-Living Bacteria in NW Mediterranean Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diel and seasonal variations in abundance, activity, and structure of particle-attached vs free-living bacterial communities\\u000a were investigated in offshore NW Mediterranean Sea (0–1000 m). Attached bacteria were always less abundant and less diverse\\u000a but generally more active than free-living bacteria. The most important finding of this study was that the activity of attached\\u000a bacteria showed pronounced diel variations in the upper

J. F. Ghiglione; G. Mevel; M. Pujo-Pay; L. Mousseau; P. Lebaron; M. Goutx

2007-01-01

454

THERMOPHILE ENDOSPORES HAVE RESPONSIVE EXOSPORIUM FOR ATTACHMENT  

SciTech Connect

Recently studies examining the colonization of Clostridial pathogens on agar and human tissue culture cells, demonstrated that (C. sporogenes ATCC 3584, C. difficile ATCC 43594 [patient isolate], C. difficile ATCC 9689 [non-clinical], C. clostridioforme [patient isolate]) bacterial spores (endospores) of the genus Clostridia have an outer membrane that becomes responsive at activation and exhibits extensions of the exosporial membrane that facilitate and maintain spore attachment to a nutritive substrate during germination and initial outgrowth of the newly developed bacterial cell. Therefore this attachment phenomenon plays an important role in insuring bacterial colonization of a surface and the initial stages of the infective process. To see if other non-clinical members of this genus also have this ability to attach to a substrate or food-source during spore germination, and how this attachment process in environmental thermophiles compares to the clinical paradigm (in relation to time sequence, exosporial membrane structure, type of attachment structures, composition of the membrane etc...), sediment samples were collected in sterile transport containers at 4 geothermal sites at Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming. Because spore forming bacteria will produce spores when conditions are unfavorable for growth, the samples were sealed and stored at 4 C. After 8 months the samples were screened for the presence of spores by light microscope examination using malachite green/safranin, and traditional endospores were identified in significant quantities from the Terrace Spring site (a 46 C lake with bacterial mats and a rapidly moving run-off channel leading to a traditional hot spring). The highest spore population was found in the top sediment and benthic water of the run-off channel, pH 8.1.

PANESSA-WARREN,B.; TORTORA,G.T.; WARREN,J.; SABATINI,R.

1999-08-01

455

The statistical behaviour of attached eddies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Townsend's attached eddy hypothesis forms the basis of an established model of the logarithmic layer in wall-bounded turbulent flows in which this inertially dominated region is characterised by a hierarchy of geometrically self-similar eddying motions that scale with their distance to the wall. The hypothesis has gained considerable support from high Reynolds number measurements of the second-order moments of the fluctuating velocities. Recently, Meneveau and Marusic ["Generalized logarithmic law for high-order moments in turbulent boundary layers," J. Fluid Mech. 719, R1 (2013)] presented experimental evidence that all even-ordered moments of the streamwise velocity will exhibit a logarithmic dependence on the distance from the wall. They demonstrated that this was consistent with the attached eddy hypothesis, so long as the velocity distribution is assumed to be Gaussian (which allows the use of the central limit theorem). In this paper, we derive this result from the attached eddy model without assuming a Gaussian velocity distribution, and find that such logarithmic behaviours are valid in the large Reynolds number limit. We also revisit the physical and mathematical basis of the attached eddy hypothesis, in order to increase rigour and minimise the assumptions required to apply the hypothesis. To this end, we have extended the proof of Campbell's theorem to apply to the velocity field corresponding to a forest of variously sized eddies that are randomly placed on the wall. This enables us to derive all moments of the velocity in the logarithmic region, including cross-correlations between different components of the velocity. By contrast, previous studies of the attached eddy hypothesis have considered only the mean velocity and its second order moments. From this, we obtain qualitatively correct skewnesses and flatnesses for the spanwise and wall-normal fluctuations. The issue of the Reynolds number dependence of von Kármán's constant is also addressed.

Woodcock, J. D.; Marusic, I.

2015-01-01

456

Sedimentation of Free and Attached Cryptosporidium Oocysts and Giardia Cysts in Water  

PubMed Central

Experimental analysis of the sedimentation velocity of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts and Giardia lamblia cysts was compared with mathematical description of their sedimentation velocities by using measurements of (oo)cyst size and density and the density and viscosity of the sedimentation medium to determine if the sedimentation kinetics of freely suspended oocysts of C. parvum and cysts of G. lamblia can be described by Stokes’ law. The theoretically calculated sedimentation kinetics showed a good agreement with the experimentally observed kinetics. Both showed a decline in sedimentation velocity over time, caused primarily by variation in (oo)cyst density. The initial apparent sedimentation velocities in Hanks balanced salt solution at 23°C was 0.35 ?m · s?1 for oocysts and 1.4 ?m · s?1 for cysts. (Oo)cysts that enter the surface water environment by discharges of biologically treated sewage may be attached to sewage particles, and this will affect their sedimentation kinetics. Therefore, (oo)cysts were mixed with settled secondary effluent. (Oo)cysts readily attached to the (biological) particles in effluent; 30% of both cysts and oocysts attached during the first minutes of mixing, and this fraction increased to approximately 75% after 24 h. The sedimentation velocity of (oo)cysts attached to secondary effluent particles increased with particle size and was (already in the smallest size fraction [1 to 40 ?m]) determined by the sedimentation kinetics of the effluent particles. The observed sedimentation velocities of freely suspended (oo)cysts are probably too low to cause significant sedimentation in surface water or reservoirs. However, since a significant proportion of both cysts and oocysts attached readily to organic biological particles in secondary effluent, sedimentation of attached (oo)cysts after discharge into surface water will probably be a significant factor in the environmental ecology of C. parvum and G. lamblia. Attachment to particles influences not only sedimentation of (oo)cysts in surface water but also their behavior in drinking water treatment processes. PMID:9797307

Medema, G. J.; Schets, F. M.; Teunis, P. F. M.; Havelaar, A. H.

1998-01-01

457

Attachment style, representations of psychotherapy, and clinical interventions with insecurely attached clients.  

PubMed

The primary aim of this article was to demonstrate the clinical utility of an empirically grounded perspective on the complex interplay between patients' attachment style and their ability to create, remember, and use benignly influential representations of their experiences with their therapists. We focused on 2 interrelated questions: Are there significant attachment-related differences in the thematic content of the remembrances and fantasies that patients have about therapy? And, if so, what are the implications for practice? Results of a study of individuals currently in therapy (N = 176) indicated that although all the patients with different insecure attachment styles struggled to evoke positively valenced therapist representations, the specific nature of their representational patterns varied as a function of specific attachment styles. We offer several clinical strategies that may increase insecure patients' abilities to form adaptive representations of their therapist and therapy. We illustrate our recommendations by presenting case material from the psychotherapy of a compulsively self-reliant man. PMID:25833756

Geller, Jesse D; Farber, Barry A

2015-05-01

458

Page by Page: Creating a Children's Book  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Library of Canada, this entertaining site takes the user page-by-page through the creation of a picture book, Zoom Upstream, written by Tim Wynne-Jones and illustrated by Eric Beddows. Zoom Upstream is the third book chronicling the adventures of Zoom the cat; in this one he visits Egypt. The eight main sections of the site, in either French or English, trace the book's progress from idea through finding the illustrator and pictures, to printing, selling the book, and afterwards. The section on pictures, appropriately, is the most extensive, showing how the illustrator gets every detail exactly right, beginning with analyzing the text for words and concepts that need to be represented in the pictures. To get the characters to look right, Beddows made a cat model and photographed human models in scenes from the book. For backgrounds, the illustrator studied books on Egyptian architecture, and made a research trip to Egypt. Wynne-Jones, the author, does admit that writing the first Zoom book (Zoom at Sea) only took 20 minutes, but that "usually writing a story is a lot harder".

459

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2011-07-01

460

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2012-07-01

461

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2013-07-01

462

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2010-07-01

463

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2014-07-01

464

Combinatorial discovery of polymers resistant to bacterial attachment  

E-print Network

Bacterial attachment and subsequent biofilm formation pose key challenges to the optimal performance of medical devices. In this study, we determined the attachment of selected bacterial species to hundreds of polymeric ...

Hook, Andrew L

465

Neural network architectures for Prepositional Phrase attachment disambiguation  

E-print Network

This thesis addresses the problem of Prepositional Phrase (PP) attachment disambiguation, a key challenge in syntactic parsing. In natural language sentences, a PP may often be attached to several possible candidates. While ...

Belinkov, Yonatan

2014-01-01

466

What underlies security? Neurological evidence for attachment's resource enhancement role  

E-print Network

The sense of attachment security has been linked with a host of beneficial outcomes related to personal and relational well-being. Moreover, experimental research has demonstrated that the sense of attachment security can be enhanced via cognitive...

Canterberry, Melanie

2011-04-25

467

30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to machines in a suitable manner to...

2011-07-01

468

30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to machines in a suitable manner to...

2014-07-01

469

30 CFR 57.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to...

2012-07-01

470

49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label. (1)...

2013-10-01

471

49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label. (1)...

2014-10-01

472

Vibrio cholerae use pili and flagella synergistically to effect motility switching and conditional surface attachment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, use their flagella and mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (MSHA) type IV pili synergistically to switch between two complementary motility states that together facilitate surface selection and attachment. Flagellar rotation counter-rotates the cell body, causing MSHA pili to have periodic mechanical contact with the surface for surface-skimming cells. Using tracking algorithms at 5?ms resolution we observe two motility behaviours: ‘roaming', characterized by meandering trajectories, and ‘orbiting’, characterized by repetitive high-curvature orbits. We develop a hydrodynamic model showing that these phenotypes result from a nonlinear relationship between trajectory shape and frictional forces between pili and the surface: strong pili–surface interactions generate orbiting motion, increasing the local bacterial loiter time. Time-lapse imaging reveals how only orbiting mode cells can attach irreversibly and form microcolonies. These observations suggest that MSHA pili are crucial for surface selection, irreversible attachment, and ultimately microcolony formation.

Utada, Andrew S.; Bennett, Rachel R.; Fong, Jiunn C. N.; Gibiansky, Maxsim L.; Yildiz, Fitnat H.; Golestanian, Ramin; Wong, Gerard C. L.

2014-09-01

473

Cell attachment of polypropylene surface-modified by COOH + ion implantation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carboxy ion (COOH +) implantation was performed at the energy of 50 keV with fluences ranging from 1×10 14 to 1×10 15 ions/cm 2 at room temperature for polypropylene (PP). The effects of ion implantation on cells (immune macrophages, 3T3 mouse fibroblasts and human endothelial cells) were studied in vitro. Tests of cell attachment gave interesting results that the 3T3 mouse fibroblasts and human endothelial cells cultured on the surface of the implanted PP showed much better attachment and proliferation than that on pristine PP. At the same time, the COOH + ion implantation also induced low macrophage attachment with normal cellular morphology. Results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) analysis showed that COOH + ion implantation caused the rearrangement of chemical bonds and the formation of some new O-containing groups, which was responsible for the enhancement of the biocompatibility of PP.

Li, D. J.; Niu, L. F.

2002-06-01

474

Attachment of Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 to zooplankton and phytoplankton of Bangladesh waters.  

PubMed Central

Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1, the causative agent of cholera, is capable of surviving in aquatic environments for extended periods and is considered an autochthonous species in estuarine and brackish waters. These environments contain numerous elements that may affect its ecology. The studies reported here examined physical interactions between V. cholerae O1 and natural plankton populations of a geographical region in Bangladesh where cholera is an endemic disease. Results showed that four of five clinical V. cholerae O1 strains and endogenous bacterial flora were attached preferentially to zooplankton molts (exuviae) rather than to whole specimens. One strain attached in approximately equal numbers to both exuviae and whole specimens. V. cholerae O1 also attached to several phytoplankton species. The results show that V. cholerae O1 can bind to diverse plankton species collected from an area where cholera is an endemic disease, with potentially significant effects on its ecology. Images PMID:2383016

Tamplin, M L; Gauzens, A L; Huq, A; Sack, D A; Colwell, R R

1990-01-01

475

Assessment of attachment behaviour to human caregivers in wolf pups (Canis lupus lupus).  

PubMed

Previous research suggested that 16-week old dog pups, but not wolf pups, show attachment behaviour to a human caregiver. Attachment to a caregiver in dog pups has been demonstrated by differential responding to a caregiver compared to a stranger in the Ainsworth Strange Situation Test. We show here that 3-7 week old wolf pups also show attachment-like behaviour to a human caregiver as measured by preferential proximity seeking, preferential contact, and preferential greeting to a human caregiver over a human stranger in a modified and counterbalanced version of the Ainsworth Strange Situation Test. In addition, our results show that preferential responding to a caregiver over a stranger is only apparent following brief isolation. In initial episodes, wolf pups show no differentiation between the caregiver and the stranger; however, following a 2-min separation, the pups show proximity seeking, more contact, and more greeting to the caregiver than the stranger. These results suggest intensive human socialization of a wolf can lead to attachment--like responding to a human caregiver during the first two months of a wolf pup's life. PMID:25447510

Hall, Nathaniel J; Lord, Kathryn; Arnold, Anne-Marie K; Wynne, Clive D L; Udell, Monique A R

2015-01-01

476

Meta-analysis of client attachment to therapist: Associations with working alliance and client pretherapy attachment.  

PubMed

A review was conducted of 14 studies published from 1995 to 2013 and 2 thus far unpublished studies that have used the Client Attachment to Therapist Scale (CATS) in research with help-seeking clients. Of these, meta-analyses were conducted for studies that examined the CATS subscales (Secure, Avoidant, Preoccupied) as correlates of client-rated working alliance, client pretherapy general adult attachment, or both (Total k = 13; k = 9 for each specific analysis). With regard to pretherapy adult attachment, CATS Secure was negatively associated with client Anxiety and Avoidance. For CATS Avoidant, clients' attachment avoidance and anxiety were positively associated. For CATS Preoccupied, client adult attachment Anxiety was significantly positively associated. CATS Secure was strongly positively correlated with total working alliance, CATS Avoidant was negatively correlated with total working alliance, and CATS Preoccupied was not significantly associated with working alliance. Implications for models of therapeutic change based on client gains in social competencies and capacity for secure attachment are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25365151

Mallinckrodt, Brent; Jeong, JiSun

2015-03-01

477

Chiasmata Promote Monopolar Attachment of Sister Chromatids and Their Co-Segregation toward the Proper Pole during Meiosis I  

PubMed Central

The chiasma is a structure that forms between a pair of homologous chromosomes by crossover recombination and physically links the homologous chromosomes during meiosis. Chiasmata are essential for the attachment of the homologous chromosomes to opposite spindle poles (bipolar attachment) and their subsequent segregation to the opposite poles during meiosis I. However, the overall function of chiasmata during meiosis is not fully understood. Here, we show that chiasmata also play a crucial role in the attachment of sister chromatids to the same spindle pole and in their co-segregation during meiosis I in fission yeast. Analysis of cells lacking chiasmata and the cohesin protector Sgo1 showed that loss of chiasmata causes frequent bipolar attachment of sister chromatids during anaphase. Furthermore, high time-resolution analysis of centromere dynamics in various types of chiasmate and achiasmate cells, including those lacking the DNA replication checkpoint factor Mrc1 or the meiotic centromere protein Moa1, showed the following three outcomes: (i) during the pre-anaphase stage, the bipolar attachment of sister chromatids occurs irrespective of chiasma formation; (ii) the chiasma contributes to the elimination of the pre-anaphase bipolar attachment; and (iii) when the bipolar attachment remains during anaphase, the chiasmata generate a bias toward the proper pole during poleward chromosome pulling that results in appropriate chromosome segregation. Based on these results, we propose that chiasmata play a pivotal role in the selection of proper attachments and provide a backup mechanism that promotes correct chromosome segregation when improper attachments remain during anaphase I. PMID:21423721

Ohba, Tatsunori; Hinohara, Yumi; Matsuhara, Hirotada; Yoshida, Masashi; Itabashi, Yuta; Murakami, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Ayumu

2011-01-01

478

Teaching Students to Show, Not Tell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his epic poem "A Season in Hell," the surly French poet Arthur Rimbaud proposes that the Devil likes writing that lacks "descriptive" qualities. Rimbaud then makes a stand in favor of descriptive writing by offering "these hideous pages from [his] notes of the damned." The author would not go so far as to say that nondescriptive writing is evil…

Spitzer, Mark

2012-01-01

479

Histological patterns of the intestinal attachment of Corynosoma australe (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) in Arctocephalus australis (Mammalia: Pinnipedia).  

PubMed

The mucosal attachment pattern of Corynosoma australe in the intestines of Arctocephalus australis is described. Normal and abnormal tissue were sampled from 32 hosts to be submitted to histological routine protocol to embedding in paraffin and permanent mounting in balsam. Corynosoma australe shows three different degrees of body depth intestinal attachment (BDINA-1-3). BDINA-1: it is exclusive of the small intestine and the parasite attaches on the villi; BDINA-2: parasite affects the Lieberkühn crypts in several depth levels and, BDINA-3: the parasite reaches the submucosa. These attachment patterns alter the mucosa by degeneration and dysfunction due to necrosis of mucosal structure, great quantities of cellular debris and significant reduction of the mucosal thickness. Other aspects are crater-like concave holes (CLCHs) as sites where C. australe could be attached-detached several times according to adult migratory processes within luminal intestine space. The submucosa shows edema probably due to the local mucosal alterations resulting in homeostatic break. There is no severe inflammatory response by host but BDINA-1 to BDINA-3 and CLCH could represent foci to secondary opportunistic infections and significant areas of malabsorption in severally infected hosts contributing to increase clinical signs of preexistent pathologies. PMID:25320494

Silva, Renato Z; Pereira, Joaber; Cousin, João Carlos B

2014-12-01

480

Chemical attachment of magnetic nanoparticles through ``click chemistry''  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Iron nanoparticles were used as a test system to explore the functionalization and attachment of magnetic nanoparticles with two different functionalities through ``click chemistry.'' Two different samples of iron nanoparticles were modified with 5-azidopentanoic acid and with 5-hexynoic acid, respectively. This modification was followed by click chemistry to change the morphology of agglomeration. A combination of density functional theory calculations, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to monitor each step of the process. Spectroscopies confirmed the success and completion of click reaction. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the change in size and morphology of the iron nanoparticles before and after click chemistry. Vibrating sample magnetometer study showed the majority of the magnetic properties were retained following functionalization and click reaction. Exploring similar approach for two types of materials with functionalization and attachment of hard magnetic materials and soft magnetic materials will be presented based on our initial studies of SmCo nanoparticles in a combination with iron nanoparticles.

Liu, Yue; Teplyakov, Andrew Y.; Hadjipanayis, George C.

2013-03-01

481

Cable attachment for a radioactive brachytherapy source capsule  

DOEpatents

In cancer brachytherapy treatment, a small californium-252 neutron source capsule is attached to a guide cable using a modified crimping technique. The guide cable has a solid cylindrical end, and the attachment employs circumferential grooves micromachined in the solid cable end. The attachment was designed and tested, and hardware fabricated for use inside a radioactive hot cell. A welding step typically required in other cable attachments is avoided.

Gross, Ian G; Pierce, Larry A

2006-07-18

482

Religion, Evolution, and Mental Health: Attachment Theory and ETAS Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the historical origins of Attachment Theory and Evolutionary Threat Assessment Systems Theory (ETAS Theory),\\u000a their evolutionary basis and their application in research on religion and mental health. Attachment Theory has been most\\u000a commonly applied to religion and mental health in research on God as an attachment figure, which has shown that secure attachment\\u000a to God is positively

Kevin J. Flannelly; Kathleen Galek

2010-01-01

483

Page 1 of 2 PON-11-609 Special Terms and Conditions Hydrogen Fuel Infrastructure  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 2 PON-11-609 Special Terms and Conditions Hydrogen Fuel Infrastructure ATTACHMENT N renewable hydrogen> fueling stations that would exceed the 33.3% renewable hydrogen content standard set performed by the Commission, the #12;Page 2 of 2 PON-11-609 Special Terms and Conditions Hydrogen Fuel

484

Page 1 of 3 STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor  

E-print Network

Page 1 of 3 STATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor PON-13, 2014 The purpose of this addendum is to edit Attachment 1 and update/edit the PON Application Manual). Agreements? 2. Update Section I C Key Activities and Dates table on page 4 of the PON as follows: Distribute

485

A.V. Technology Manufacturing Page 1 of 4 PON-11-604 Scoring Criteria  

E-print Network

A.V. Technology Manufacturing Page 1 of 4 PON-11-604 Scoring Criteria Attachment B Scoring Criteria PON-11-604 Scoring Criteria 50% Inadequate Response addresses the requirements being scored and/or expand market share. #12;A.V. Technology Manufacturing Page 3 of 4 PON-11-6

486

Attaching Thermocouples by Peening or Crimping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two simple, effective techniques for attaching thermocouples to metal substrates have been devised for high-temperature applications in which attachment by such conventional means as welding, screws, epoxy, or tape would not be effective. The techniques have been used successfully to attach 0.005- in. (0.127-mm)-diameter type-S thermocouples to substrates of niobium alloy C-103 and stainless steel 416 for measuring temperatures up to 2,600 F (1,427 C). The techniques are equally applicable to other thermocouple and substrate materials. In the first technique, illustrated in the upper part of the figure, a hole slightly wider than twice the diameter of one thermocouple wire is drilled in the substrate. The thermocouple is placed in the hole, then the edge of the hole is peened in one or more places by use of a punch (see figure). The deformed material at the edge secures the thermocouple in the hole. In the second technique a hole is drilled as in the first technique, then an annular relief area is machined around the hole, resulting in structure reminiscent of a volcano in a crater. The thermocouple is placed in the hole as in the first technique, then the "volcano" material is either peened by use of a punch or crimped by use of sidecutters to secure the thermocouple in place. This second technique is preferable for very thin thermocouples [wire diameter .0.005 in. (.0.127 mm)] because standard peening poses a greater risk of clipping one or both of the thermocouple wires. These techniques offer the following advantages over prior thermocouple-attachment techniques: . Because these techniques involve drilling of very small holes, they are minimally invasive . an important advantage in that, to a first approximation, the thermal properties of surrounding areas are not appreciably affected. . These techniques do not involve introduction of any material, other than the substrate and thermocouple materials, that could cause contamination, could decompose, or oxidize at high measurement temperatures. . The simplicity of these techniques makes it possible to attach thermocouples quickly. . These techniques can be used to attach thermocouples at locations where access is somewhat restricted by the surrounding objects.

Murtland, Kevin; Cox, Robert; Immer, Christopher

2006-01-01

487

Graphene oxide immobilized enzymes show high thermal and solvent stability.  

PubMed

The thermal and solvent tolerance of enzymes is highly important for their industrial use. We show here that the enzyme lipase from Rhizopus oryzae exhibits exceptionally high thermal stability and high solvent tolerance and even increased activity in acetone when immobilized onto a graphene oxide (GO) nanosupport prepared by Staudenmaier and Brodie methods. We studied various forms of immobilization of the enzyme: by physical adsorption, covalent attachment, and additional crosslinking. The activity recovery was shown to be dependent on the support type, enzyme loading and immobilization procedure. Covalently immobilized lipase showed significantly better resistance to heat inactivation (the activity recovery was 65% at 70 °C) in comparison with the soluble counterpart (the activity recovery was 65% at 40 °C). Physically adsorbed lipase achieved over 100% of the initial activity in a series of organic solvents. These findings, showing enhanced thermal stability and solvent tolerance of graphene oxide immobilized enzyme, will have a profound impact on practical industrial scale uses of enzymes for the conversion of lipids into fuels. PMID:25757536

Hermanová, So?a; Zarevúcká, Marie; Bouša, Daniel; Pumera, Martin; Sofer, Zden?k

2015-03-19

488

The Development of Infant-Parent Attachment: Considerations for Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the construct of attachment, its role as a motivational system in infancy, and its development in the first three years. Emphasizes that attachment must be assessed in the context of particular infant-parent relationships, and reviews specific infant and caregiver behaviors salient to the assessment of attachment. (Author/CR)

Boris, Neil W.; Aoki, Yutaka; Zeanah, Charles H.

1999-01-01

489

Attachment Styles, Loneliness, Quality, and Stability of Marital Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality and stability of intimate relationships are determined by various factors. Associations between attachment styles, social and emotional loneliness, competence in being alone, and relationship qualities in couples have not yet been investigated. Sixty-three couples completed self-report measures of current relationship quality and duration, attachment style, and loneliness. Marital quality is predicted by means of experienced emotional loneliness, fearful attachment

Julia Knoke; Julia Burau; Bernd Roehrle

2010-01-01

490

Assessing Attachment in Young Adulthood: A Validational Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of college students (N=170) was used to replicate and extend recent investigations that had conceptualized adults' close relationships within an early attachment framework. Analyses were conducted to support the validity of Hazan and Shaver's (1987) attachment measures, which were designed to assess the three major styles of attachment:…

Moses, Lizbeth A.; And Others

491

Divergence in Siblings' Adult Attachment Security: Potential Contributors and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has revealed only modest concordance in attachment security between siblings during childhood and adolescence. The first goal of this dissertation was to estimate sibling concordance in adult attachment security and identify factors contributing to divergence. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was administered to young adult…

Fortuna, Keren

2009-01-01

492

Adoption, attachment, and relationship concerns: A study of adult adoptees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given ongoing controversy regarding the psychosocial adjustment of adoptees, this study examined the impact of adoptive status and family experiences on adult attachment security, and the role of attachment in predicting relationship outcomes. Adults who were adopted as infants (N = 144), and a comparison sample of non- adoptees (N = 131), completed measures of attachment security at recruitment and

JUDITH A. FEENEY; NOLA L. PASSMORE; CANDIDA C. PETERSON

2007-01-01

493

Adult Attachment Style and Pedophilia: A Developmental Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, attachment theory was applied to three samples: male university students (controls), male nonoffending victims of sexual assault, and convicted male pedophiles. Adult attachment styles are investigated along with developmental histories of neglect, punishment, and sexual and physical abuse. It is proposed that adult attachment styles will differ among the pedophiles and the other two groups, and the

Gary A. Sawle; Jon Kear-Colwell

2001-01-01

494

Attachment and Social Problem Solving in Juvenile Delinquents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates characteristics of juvenile delinquency and youth violence by examining attachment and social problem skills. Attachment theory integrates features of psychoanalytic theory, ethology, and cognitive psychology. Research on adolescent attachment suggests that parents continue to function as a secure base for their teenage…

Mathew, Saritha S.; And Others

495

Photoswitchable method for the ordered attachment of proteins to surfaces  

DOEpatents

Described herein is a method for the attachment of proteins to any solid support with control over the orientation of the attachment. The method is extremely efficient, not requiring the previous purification of the protein to be attached, and can be activated by UV-light. Spatially addressable arrays of multiple protein components can be generated by using standard photolithographic techniques.

Camarero, Julio A.; De Yoreo, James J.; Kwon, Youngeun

2010-04-20

496

Attachment Styles among Bullies, Victims and Uninvolved Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment theory provides a frame for understanding the role of attachment styles in the development of bullying behaviour in adolescence. The present study examined attachment styles (secure, avoidant and anxious/ambivalent) that differentiated bullies, victims, bully/victims and uninvolved adolescents. A total of 1,921 students (1,006 girls and…

Koiv, Kristi

2012-01-01

497

Adolescent attachment: A validation of the Inventory of Parental Representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although progress has been made recently in recognizing the importance of attachment during adolescence, research is limited because of the lack of convenient and valid methods for assessing attachment to parents during this developmental stage. Self-report measures tend to be the most common and convenient ways to examine attachment during adolescence. However, of the most widely used measures, common criticisms

Stephanie I Solow

2004-01-01

498

Adolescents' Interactions with a Best Friend: Associations with Attachment Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested whether adolescents' attachment style is related to friendship interactions and perceptions of friendship quality. Attachment pairings were contrasted to examine whether dyad members' security of attachment or their models of others was more related to friendship. A total of 44 pairs of same-sex adolescent friends were videotaped…

Weimer, Barbara L.; Kerns, Kathryn A.; Oldenburg, Christopher M.

2004-01-01

499

Attachment in adolescence: A narrative and meta-analytic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature that has examined adolescent attachment relations with parents, and any association between attachment and adolescent development or adjustment. The paper begins with a review of traditional attachment theory and concepts. The organizational perspective advanced by Sroufe and his colleagues is described in addition to other extensions of the study of

Kenneth G. Rice

1990-01-01

500

Adolescents in Wilderness Therapy: A Qualitative Study of Attachment Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterized by acute changes in attachment relationships, adolescence is a time of balancing autonomy and attachment needs. For adolescents in wilderness therapy programs, the setting often challenges their understanding of their own attachment relationships. The current study evaluates the narratives of 13 adolescents in a wilderness therapy…

Bettmann, Joanna E.; Olson-Morrison, Debra; Jasperson, Rachael A.

2011-01-01