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1

East wall, showing rails of a halfton aerial gantry attached ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

East wall, showing rails of a half-ton aerial gantry attached to roof frame - Bureau of Mines Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Original Building, Date Street north of U.S. Highway 93, Boulder City, Clark County, NV

2

LEANTO INTERIOR, LOOKING EAST. Image shows: ladder attached to south ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LEAN-TO INTERIOR, LOOKING EAST. Image shows: ladder attached to south façade, gate separating hay storage from animal pens, and east wall construction. - Boyer Farm, Barn, 711 South Fort Casey Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

3

21. VIEW, LOOKING WESTNORTHWEST, SHOWING TRANSMISSION, IN FOREGROUND, ATTACHED TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. VIEW, LOOKING WEST-NORTHWEST, SHOWING TRANSMISSION, IN FOREGROUND, ATTACHED TO REDUCTION GEAR HOUSING WHICH IS FLANKED BY THE TWO MAIN ELECTRIC DRIVE MOTORS, WITH ELECTRICAL CABINETS AND OPERATOR'S DESK IN BACKGROUND - Sacramento River Bridge, Spanning Sacramento River at California State Highway 275, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

4

Attachment A, Page 1 of 9 Cramer Rosenthal McGlynn Market Value  

E-print Network

Attachment A, Page 1 of 9 Cramer Rosenthal McGlynn Market Value 15,000 Aecom Technology Corp 345,600 Avis Budget Group Inc 123,732.00 5,200 Bard C R Inc 403,156.00 7,700 Bemis Inc 207,900.00 17 Chase & Co 234,487.05 Total Cramer Rosenthal McGlynn #12;Attachment A, Page 3 of

Papautsky, Ian

5

HTML Web Page That Shows Its Own Source Code Tom Verhoeff  

E-print Network

an infinite regress. We decided to use JavaScript [2]. 2. A web page conforming to the HTML 4.01 StrictHTML Web Page That Shows Its Own Source Code Tom Verhoeff November 2009 1 Introduction A well Web with quines in mind, a natural question is whether one can design a web page that shows its own

Verhoeff, Tom

6

Mothers who are securely attached in pregnancy show more attuned infant mirroring 7 months postpartum.  

PubMed

This study contrasted two forms of mother-infant mirroring: the mother's imitation of the infant's facial, gestural, or vocal behavior (i.e., "direct mirroring") and the mother's ostensive verbalization of the infant's internal state, marked as distinct from the infant's own experience (i.e., "intention mirroring"). Fifty mothers completed the Adult Attachment Interview (Dynamic Maturational Model) during the third trimester of pregnancy. Mothers returned with their infants 7 months postpartum and completed a modified still-face procedure. While direct mirroring did not distinguish between secure and insecure/dismissing mothers, secure mothers were observed to engage in intention mirroring more than twice as frequently as did insecure/dismissing mothers. Infants of the two mother groups also demonstrated differences, with infants of secure mothers directing their attention toward their mothers at a higher frequency than did infants of insecure/dismissing mothers. The findings underscore marked and ostensive verbalization as a distinguishing feature of secure mothers' well-attuned, affect-mirroring communication with their infants. PMID:25020112

Kim, Sohye; Fonagy, Peter; Allen, Jon; Martinez, Sheila; Iyengar, Udita; Strathearn, Lane

2014-11-01

7

Show me your friends, and I shall show you who you are: the way attachment and social comparisons influence body dissatisfaction.  

PubMed

Women with attachment insecurity have greater eating disorder symptoms and poorer prognosis. Socio-cultural agents, such as peers and family, are predictive of the development of body image dissatisfaction (BID). The present study examines the association of insecure attachment styles and direct and indirect social comparisons of body image to women's BID and drive to thinness. Two hundred and eighty three women aged 18-42?years completed online self-reports concerning attachment styles, body mass index (BMI), drive for thinness, body image satisfaction, the Figure Rating Scale (FRS), as well as a modified FRS comparing self to mother, to sister closest in age and to best friend. Hierarchical Linear Models reveal that anxious-ambivalent, but not avoidant attachment style, along with indirect and direct comparisons to best friend and to sister influence drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction, even after controlling for BMI and age. Of all social comparisons, feeling one's best friend is thinner than yourself is the most detrimental to body ideal. PMID:25257536

Lev-Ari, Lilac; Baumgarten-Katz, Inbar; Zohar, Ada H

2014-11-01

8

23/03/2009 13:14Bees and ants are true team players Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/303624.php  

E-print Network

23/03/2009 13:14Bees and ants are true team players Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/303624.php Bees and ants are true team players From ANI London, March 23 : In a new research, scientists from Edinburgh and Oxford Universities have found that bees and ants are true team players unlike other

Gardner, Andy

9

11/26/12 4:27 PMCoal mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. -Slate Magazine Page 1 of 4http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/coal/2012/11/coal_mine_fossils_paleontology_shows_us_past_climate_change.single.html  

E-print Network

11/26/12 4:27 PMCoal mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. - Slate Magazine Page 1 of 4http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/coal/2012/11/coal_mine_fossils_paleontology mine fossils: Paleontology shows us past climate change. - Slate Magazine Page 2 of 4http

Montañez, Isabel Patricia

10

Spiritual attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment has been dominated by a person-oriented focus, and only few psychologists and psychiatrists have paid attention to immaterial and spiritual forms of attachment. Different historical examples of isolation from other persons, solitude, and loneliness are provided as an introduction to a more cultural psychological perspective on attachment. Attachment and religious representation are illustrated through interviews of Benedictine nuns living

Peter Elsass

2008-01-01

11

Report of the APSAC Task Force on Attachment Therapy, Reactive Attachment Disorder, and Attachment Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the term attachment disorder is ambiguous, attachment therapies are increasingly used with children who are maltreated, particularly those in foster care or adoptive homes. Some children described as having attachment disorders show extreme disturbances. The needs of these children and their caretakers are real. How to meet their needs is less clear. A number of attachment-based treatment and parenting

Mark Chaffin; Rochelle Hanson; Benjamin E. Saunders; Todd Nichols; Douglas Barnett; Charles Zeanah; Lucy Berliner; Byron Egeland; Elana Newman; Tom Lyon; Elizabeth Letourneau; Cindy Miller-Perrin

2006-01-01

12

Two Novel Techniques for Determination of Polysaccharide Cross-Links Show that Crh1p and Crh2p Attach Chitin to both ?(1-6)- and ?(1-3)Glucan in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cell Wall? †  

PubMed Central

Previous work, using solubilization of yeast cell walls by carboxymethylation, before or after digestion with ?(1-3)- or ?(1-6)glucanase, followed by size chromatography, showed that the transglycosylases Crh1p and Crh2p/Utr2p were redundantly required for the attachment of chitin to ?(1-6)glucan. With this technique, crh1? crh2? mutants still appeared to contain a substantial percentage of chitin linked to ?(1-3)glucan. Two novel procedures have now been developed for the analysis of polysaccharide cross-links in the cell wall. One is based on the affinity of curdlan, a ?(1-3)glucan, for ?(1-3)glucan chains in carboxymethylated cell walls. The other consists of in situ deacetylation of cell wall chitin, generating chitosan, which can be extracted with acetic acid, either directly (free chitosan) or after digestion with different glucanases (bound chitosan). Both methodologies indicated that all of the chitin in crh1? crh2? strains is free. Reexamination of the previously used procedure revealed that the ?(1-3)glucanase preparation used (zymolyase) is contaminated with a small amount of endochitinase, which caused erroneous results with the double mutant. After removing the chitinase from the zymolyase, all three procedures gave coincident results. Therefore, Crh1p and Crh2p catalyze the transfer of chitin to both ?(1-3)- and ?(1-6)glucan, and the biosynthetic mechanism for all chitin cross-links in the cell wall has been established. PMID:19734368

Cabib, Enrico

2009-01-01

13

13/06/2008 18:49MediaGlobal Blog Archive Study shows malaria parasites can adapt to harsh conditions* Page 1 of 2http://mediaglobal.org/index.php/2008/06/10/study-shows-malaria-parasites-can-adapt-to-harsh-conditions/  

E-print Network

13/06/2008 18:49MediaGlobal » Blog Archive » Study shows malaria parasites can adapt to harsh conditions* Page 1 of 2http://mediaglobal.org/index.php/2008/06/10/study-shows-malaria-parasites Disease Hunger Search » Study shows malaria parasites can adapt to harsh conditions By Shipra Prakash 10

Gardner, Andy

14

2/10/13 5:55 PMEnvironmental Outlook: The Keystone XL Pipeline | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR Page 1 of 14http://thedianerehmshow.org/shows/2013-02-05/environmental-outlook-keystone-xl-pipeline/transcript  

E-print Network

2/10/13 5:55 PMEnvironmental Outlook: The Keystone XL Pipeline | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR Page 1 of 14http://thedianerehmshow.org/shows/2013-02-05/environmental-outlook-keystone-xl-pipeline:08:47 DAVENPORT 11:09:06 DAVENPORT 11:09:38 Environmental Outlook: The Keystone XL Pipeline Transcript for

Russo, Bernard

15

Executive Order 1095 Attachment C  

E-print Network

Executive Order 1095 Attachment C Page 1 of 17 RIGHTS AND OPTIONS FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE and sustaining an educational and working environment free of sexual violence, dating violence, domestic violence/or the campus Title IX Coordinator. You have the right to decide who and when to tell about sexual violence

Su, Xiao

16

Executive Order 1095 Attachment B  

E-print Network

, alcohol or other drugs to engage in sexual activity. · Take responsibility for your actions. · AvoidExecutive Order 1095 Attachment B Page 1 of 10 Myths and Facts about Sexual Violence What You Can Do To Help Stop Sexual Violence · Sexual contact requires mutual consent. An incapacitated person

Su, Xiao

17

Math 202 Exam 2 2.22.2007 Page 1 of 4 Directions: Show all work and clearly mark your final answers. All your work  

E-print Network

in each year (there are no leap years). Albert notices that his 1,000th birthday falls on the second day of the week. What day will his 5,000th birthday fall on? (The days of the week are referred to as the "first arrangements of the books are possible? #12;Math 202 Exam 2 2.22.2007 Page 4 of 4 8. There are 50 marbles

McClendon, David M.

18

Securing attachment: The shifting medicalisation of attachment and attachment disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the medicalisation of attachment and attachment disorders. It argues that there was a shift in the form of medicalisation of attachment with significant implications for the regulation of the family. In the 1930s and 1940s, the medicalisation of attachment focused on the identification and treatment of attachment disorders in children and by extension, their mothers. While mothers

Mary Ann Kanieski

2010-01-01

19

The Diane Rehm Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Diane Rehm Show has its origins in a mid-day program at WAMU in Washington, D.C. Diane Rehm came on to host the program in 1979, and in 1984 it was renamed "The Diane Rehm Show". Over the past several decades, Rehm has played host to hundreds of guests, include Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Julie Andrews, and President Bill Clinton. This website contains an archive of her past programs, and visitors can use the interactive calendar to look through past shows. Those visitors looking for specific topics can use the "Topics" list on the left-hand side of the page, or also take advantage of the search engine. The show has a number of social networking links, including a Facebook page and a Twitter feed.

20

What Do Blood Tests Show?  

MedlinePLUS

... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Do Blood Tests Show? Blood tests show whether the levels ... changes may work best. Result Ranges for Common Blood Tests This section presents the result ranges for ...

21

10/19/10 8:28 PM38320 -Create an ArcGIS.com Web map using URL parameters Page 1 of 2http://resources.arcgis.com/content/kbase?fa=articleShow&d=38320  

E-print Network

10/19/10 8:28 PM38320 - Create an ArcGIS.com Web map using URL parameters Page 1 of 2http://resources.arcgis.com/content/kbase?fa=articleShow&d=38320 HowTo: Create an ArcGIS.com Web map using URL parameters Article ID: 38320 Software: ArcGIS Online parameters within a URL. Procedure An ArcGIS.com Web map is composed of certain URL parameters. The URL

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

22

Paternal Attachment, Parenting Beliefs and Children's Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between fathers' romantic attachment style, parenting beliefs and father-child attachment security and dependence were examined in a diverse sample of 72 fathers of young children. Paternal romantic attachment style was coded based on fathers' endorsement of a particular style represented in the Hazan and Shaver Three-Category…

Howard, Kimberly S.

2010-01-01

23

Attachment F3-2 ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY AND HEALTH WORKSHEET  

E-print Network

Attachment F3-2 ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY AND HEALTH WORKSHEET Subcontractor Name: Worksheet completed by, Safety and Health Worksheet Page 2 of 2 Subcontract No./Requisition No. Revised August 3, 2011 No No SAVE

24

Attachment F3-2 ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY AND HEALTH WORKSHEET  

E-print Network

Attachment F3-2 ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY AND HEALTH WORKSHEET Subcontractor Name: Worksheet completed by purposes only and will not be a part of a Subcontract. Environment, Safety and Health Worksheet Page 2 of 2

25

Understanding and promoting attachment.  

PubMed

Interest in early relationships has led to increased use of terms such as attachment disorder, attachment problems, and attachment therapy when describing behavioral/emotional regulation in young children. Unfortunately, such terms are vague and lead to clinical confusion and diagnostic inaccuracies. This article will introduce attachment theory, with a discussion of reactive attachment disorder and implications for treatment of children who have problems with social-emotional development. PMID:19681518

Wilson, Samantha L

2009-08-01

26

Attachment style and adjustment to divorce.  

PubMed

Divorce is becoming increasingly widespread in Europe. In this study, I present an analysis of the role played by attachment style (secure, dismissing, preoccupied and fearful, plus the dimensions of anxiety and avoidance) in the adaptation to divorce. Participants comprised divorced parents (N = 40) from a medium-sized city in the Basque Country. The results reveal a lower proportion of people with secure attachment in the sample group of divorcees. Attachment style and dependence (emotional and instrumental) are closely related. I have also found associations between measures that showed a poor adjustment to divorce and the preoccupied and fearful attachment styles. Adjustment is related to a dismissing attachment style and to the avoidance dimension. Multiple regression analysis confirmed that secure attachment and the avoidance dimension predict adjustment to divorce and positive affectivity while preoccupied attachment and the anxiety dimension predicted negative affectivity. Implications for research and interventions with divorcees are discussed. PMID:20480690

Yárnoz-Yaben, Sagrario

2010-05-01

27

Reactive Attachment Disorder  

MedlinePLUS

... PDF version of this document . Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)is a complex psychiatric illness that can affect ... by serious problems in emotional attachments to others. RAD usually presents by age 5, but a parent, ...

28

Special Attachments. Module 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on special attachments, one in a series dealing with industrial sewing machines, their attachments, and operation, covers four topics: gauges; cording attachment; zipper foot; and hemming, shirring, and binding. For each topic these components are provided: an introduction, directions, an objective, learning activities, student…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

29

Work attachment mechanism/work attachment fixture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mechanical coupling system is described wherein a spline screw system is used to connect two bodies, a work attachment mechanism and a work attachment fixture. A kinematic clamp first guides and mates the attachment mechanism to the attachment fixture. The kinematic clamp includes three round roller members equidistantly located around the periphery of the bodies and three correspondingly located V-shaped grooves located on the periphery of the other body. A motor driven spline screw in the attachment mechanism then engages a spline bolt head in the attachment fixture and includes a threaded shank upon which is mounted a translatable nut which is adapted to translate up and down the shank but not rotate. The nut carries one or more electrical connectors which travel upwardly during a connecting sequence and cams open a set of dust covers which operate to engage an opposing set of dust covers adjacent complementary type electrical connectors on the attachment mechanism. A mechanical and electrical interconnection process between the bodies occurs sequentially.

Vranish, John M.

1992-12-01

30

Page 1 of 7 Attachment to Notice  

E-print Network

that will be covered in the workshop include: · Status of Marine Oil Terminal Engineering and Maintenance Standards and participation by stakeholders at the meeting as well as identify new issues. Marine Terminals Marine terminals imports at marine terminals. Issues associated with ongoing and expanded use of marine terminals

31

ATTACHMENT A-2 Project Cover Page  

E-print Network

. GVWR is: OR Off-road vehicle technology with an engine rating of 50 horsepower or greater(s) that power the vehicle: AND On-road with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 10,001 pounds or greater paragraph): The proposed vehicle technology is: Alternative fuel powered. List alternative fuel

32

Page 1 of 2 Attachment G  

E-print Network

Department Labor Market Information Data Division Cite your data sources including name of data source, date infrastructure changes. Provide estimate of environmental benefits and/or impacts from the proposed project

33

This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPhone. To log in to the iOS app, swipe the screen to the right or click the menu button in the top left corner,  

E-print Network

iPhone app iPhone app This page shows how to use the My Pitt Video (Panopto) iOS application on an iPhone. Login To log in to the iOS app, swipe the screen to the right or click the menu button in the top left corner, and then tap "Sign In". Page 1 of 17 #12;iPhone app Enter the server name, "pitt

Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

34

Attachment, mating, and parenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modern evolutionary perspective emphasizing life history theory and behavioral ecology is brought to bear on the three core\\u000a patterns of attachment that are identified in studies of infants and young children in the Strange Situation and adults using\\u000a the Adult Attachment Interview. Mating and parenting correlates of secure\\/autonomous, avoidant\\/dismissing, and resistant\\/preoccupied\\u000a attachment patterns are reviewed, and the argument is

Jay Belsky

1997-01-01

35

Attachment and Parental Correlates in Late Adolescent Mexican American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment dimensions and styles, parental caregiving styles, and acculturation were investigated among 155 Mexican American and White college women. Results showed no differences between groups on attachment dimensions or styles. For both groups, only paternal variables were associated with attachment security. Implications of measurement and…

Tacon, Anna M.; Caldera, Yvonne M.

2001-01-01

36

Temperament and Attachment Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviewed in this article is research on children with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) who exhibit specific patterns of socially aberrant behavior resulting from be- ing maltreated or having limited opportunities to form selective attachments. There are no data explaining why 2 different patterns ofthe disorder, an emotionally with- drawn-inhibited pattern and an indiscriminate-disinhibited pattern, arise from simi- larly aberrant environments.

Charles H. Zeanah; Nathan A. Fox

2004-01-01

37

Reactive Attachment Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by a British parent, this case study tells the story of an adopted child who experienced many difficulties adjusting to life at home and school. It describes attachment disorder, possible causes of attachment difficulties, the bonding cycle, therapeutic parenting, and how schools can support the re-nurturing process. (Contains references.)…

Chapman, Sue

2002-01-01

38

PAIN SCALES (ATTACHMENT A)  

E-print Network

PAIN SCALES (ATTACHMENT A) 0-10 NUMERIC PAIN INTENSITY SCALE 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NO PAIN MODERATE WORST PAIN PAIN #12;PAIN SCALES (ATTACHMENT A) FLACC PAIN SCALE The FLACC is a behavioral pain assessment scale for use in non-verbal patients unable to provide numeric reports of pain. SCORING Categories

Oliver, Douglas L.

39

Temperament and Attachment Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed in this article is research on children with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) who exhibit specific patterns of socially aberrant behavior resulting from being maltreated or having limited opportunities to form selective attachments. There are no data explaining why 2 different patterns of the disorder, an emotionally withdrawn-inhibited…

Zeanah, Charles H.; Fox, Nathan A.

2004-01-01

40

Attachment Theory and Mindfulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We initiate a dialog between two central areas in the field of psychology today: attachment theory/research and mindfulness studies. The impact of the early mother-infant relationship on child development has been well established in the literature, with attachment theorists having focused on the correlation between a mother's capacity for…

Snyder, Rose; Shapiro, Shauna; Treleaven, David

2012-01-01

41

Separation and Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing secure attachments with babies gives them a very special gift--the foundation for good infant mental health! In this article, the author discusses how to develop secure attachments with babies. Babies who are in the care of others during the day often suffer from separations from their special adults. Thirteen "tips" to ensure that…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2005-01-01

42

Growing networks with temporal effect and mixed attachment mechanisms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, motivated by previous research works on the evolution of the network topology, i.e., the combination of preferential attachment and temporal effect (aging of vertices), we propose a novel model which combines the mixed attachment mechanisms (preferential attachment and uniform attachment) and the temporal effect to investigate the topological properties of the network during the evolution. Our results show that the degree distribution of the model follows the exponential-decaying form.

Shao, Zhi-Gang; Chen, Tao; Ai, Bao-quan

2014-11-01

43

Some Stroke Survivors May Face Heightened Cancer Risk, Study Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Some Stroke Survivors May Face Heightened Cancer Risk, Study Shows ... Thursday, February 12, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Cancer Stroke THURSDAY, Feb. 12, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults ...

44

Those with Autism May Have Unique Brain Connections, Study Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Those With Autism May Have Unique Brain Connections, Study Shows Brains ... Preidt Monday, January 19, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Page Autism Spectrum Disorder MONDAY, Jan. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- ...

45

Open Office Tutorial Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Links to tutorials using Open Office. Using Open Office Tutorials - You may want to use a pair of headphones so you can listen as well as watch. Open Office Tutorial - Formating your Page - format margins, indents, double spacing, and work cited on its own page. Open Office Tutorial - Works Cited Page - shows how to do the hanging indent Open Office Tutorial - Headers, page numbering, and saving - shows how to insert ...

Schultz, Ms.

2013-09-11

46

Emergence of tempered preferential attachment from optimization  

PubMed Central

We show how preferential attachment can emerge in an optimization framework, resolving a long-standing theoretical controversy. We also show that the preferential attachment model so obtained has two novel features, saturation and viability, which have natural interpretations in the underlying network and lead to a power-law degree distribution with exponential cutoff. Moreover, we consider a generalized version of this preferential attachment model with independent saturation and viability, leading to a broader class of power laws again with exponential cutoff. We present a collection of empirical observations from social, biological, physical, and technological networks, for which such degree distributions give excellent fits. We suggest that, in general, optimization models that give rise to preferential attachment with saturation and viability effects form a good starting point for the analysis of many networks. PMID:17395721

D'Souza, Raissa M.; Borgs, Christian; Chayes, Jennifer T.; Berger, Noam; Kleinberg, Robert D.

2007-01-01

47

Micromechanical die attachment surcharge  

DOEpatents

An attachment structure is disclosed for attaching a die to a supporting substrate without the use of adhesives or solder. The attachment structure, which can be formed by micromachining, functions purely mechanically in utilizing a plurality of shaped pillars (e.g. round, square or polygonal and solid, hollow or slotted) that are formed on one of the die or supporting substrate and which can be urged into contact with various types of mating structures including other pillars, a deformable layer or a plurality of receptacles that are formed on the other of the die or supporting substrate, thereby forming a friction bond that holds the die to the supporting substrate. The attachment structure can further include an alignment structure for precise positioning of the die and supporting substrate to facilitate mounting the die to the supporting substrate. The attachment structure has applications for mounting semiconductor die containing a microelectromechanical (MEM) device, a microsensor or an integrated circuit (IC), and can be used to form a multichip module. The attachment structure is particularly useful for mounting die containing released MEM devices since these devices are fragile and can otherwise be damaged or degraded by adhesive or solder mounting.

Filter, William F. (Albuquerque, NM); Hohimer, John P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01

48

Attachment and group psychotherapy: introduction to a special section.  

PubMed

The application of attachment theory to adult psychotherapy represents a growing area of research and practice. Despite the conceptual overlap between group therapeutic factors, attachment theory, and therapeutic tasks as outlined by Bowlby (1988), there is little research on attachment functioning in group therapy. Hence, there remain substantial questions about the role of attachment theory in understanding group therapy processes and outcomes. The three studies in this special section advance the research in some of these important areas, including showing that positive changes in self-reported attachment insecurity among clients persist long after group therapy ends; attachment anxiety affects the level and rate of interpersonal learning in groups; and change in attachment to the therapy group has an impact on longer term change in individual group members' attachment. Each article also examines the impact of these attachment concepts on treatment outcomes. Numerous areas remain to be explored when it comes to the implications of attachment theory for understanding and conducting group therapy, including the conceptual and practical overlap between attachment concepts such as security and exploration with group therapeutic factors such as cohesion and interpersonal learning. The articles in this special section begin to address some of these issues related to attachment theory and its implications for group therapists. PMID:24377399

Tasca, Giorgio A

2014-03-01

49

PP/OP 06.01 Attachment A  

E-print Network

PP/OP 06.01 Attachment A Page 1 05/07/09 Facility Audit System Evaluation Guidelines FACILITY budgets. (3) Major renovation of select components required to return equipment to original design the next 1-2 years. COMPONENT EVALUATION Evaluate the condition and serviceability of each applicable

Gelfond, Michael

50

Attachment and Women's Faith Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the relationship between human attachment and God attachment, particularly in Christian women's experiences of faith. It is based on the attachment perspective as a conceptual framework. The main aim was to evolve an attachment-theoretical approach to women's faith development and to offer a complementary path to interpret…

Joung, Eun Sim

2006-01-01

51

Personality disorders and romantic adult attachment: a comparison of secure and insecure attached child molesters.  

PubMed

This study analyzed personality disorders in a group of 33 securely and 51 insecurely attached child molesters. A total of 51 child molesters were selected from a community based educational training program, and the other group was selected from a Belgian prison (n = 33). Research shows that adult attachment styles and personality disorders share a common underlying structure. It is remarkable that very little is known about differences between securely and insecurely attached child molesters. In this study, the authors found that the schizoid personality disorder differed between securely and insecurely attached child molesters. These findings have implications for the aetiology and treatment of child molesters. Future research is necessary to determine patterns of attachment in relationship to personality disorders. PMID:16510885

Bogaerts, Stefan; Vanheule, Stijn; Desmet, Mattias

2006-04-01

52

Reactive attachment disorder.  

PubMed

Child abuse and neglect affects the lives of many American children and can result in physical injury and disability as well as psychological trauma. Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is one possible psychological consequence of child abuse and neglect for very young children, younger than 5 years of age. RAD is described as markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness usually beginning before age 5 years. These behavioral manifestations are the direct result of and come after pathogenic care. To better understand RAD, it is first necessary to understand attachment; therefore, attachment theory is examined. Risk factors for the development of RAD are presented. Implications for pediatric nurse practitioner practice are explored. The pediatric nurse practitioner can play a vital role in recognizing RAD and ensuring that children with this disorder receive prompt mental health assessment and therapy. PMID:18590868

Hornor, Gail

2008-01-01

53

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a pair of recessed portions thereon. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings have a pair of grooves therein in which are positioned a pair of pins having a generally rectangular cross-section and a reaction surface thereon. A pair of cylindrical rollers interposed respective ones of the pair of reaction surfaces and the pair of recessed portions. The attachment system or turbine assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective attachment of a component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion to a component having a greater preestablished rate of thermal expansion. 3 figures.

Boyd, G.L.

1994-12-13

54

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a pair of recessed portions thereon. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings have a pair of grooves therein in which are positioned a pair of pins having a generally rectangular cross-section and a reaction surface thereon. A pair of cylindrical rollers interposed respective ones of the pair of reaction surfaces and the pair of recessed portions. The attachment system or turbine assembly provides an economical, reliable and effective attachment of a component having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion to a component having a greater preestablished rate of thermal expansion.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA)

1994-01-01

55

Ladder attachment platform  

DOEpatents

A ladder attachment platform is provided that includes a base for attachment to a ladder that has first and second side rails and a plurality of rungs that extend between in a lateral direction. Also included is a user platform for having a user stand thereon that is carried by the base. The user platform may be positioned with respect to the ladder so that it is not located between a first plane that extends through the first side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction and a second plane that extends through the second side rail and is perpendicular to the lateral direction.

Swygert,; Richard, W [Springfield, SC

2012-08-28

56

Internal pipe attachment mechanism  

DOEpatents

An attachment mechanism is described for repairing or extending fluid carrying pipes, casings, conduits, etc. utilizing one-way motion of spring tempered fingers to provide a mechanical connection between the attachment mechanism and the pipe. The spring tempered fingers flex to permit insertion into a pipe to a desired insertion depth. The mechanical connection is accomplished by reversing the insertion motion and the mechanical leverage in the fingers forces them outwardly against the inner wall of the pipe. A seal is generated by crushing a sealing assembly by the action of setting the mechanical connection. 6 figures.

Bast, R.M.; Chesnut, D.A.; Henning, C.D.; Lennon, J.P.; Pastrnak, J.W.; Smith, J.A.

1994-12-13

57

08/23/2007 09:59 PMInterstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life on Earth Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/167969.php/Interstellar-dust-clouds-may-have-sown-seeds-of-life-on-Earth  

E-print Network

08/23/2007 09:59 PMInterstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life on Earth Page 1 of 2http://www.dailyindia.com/show/167969.php/Interstellar-dust-clouds-may-have-sown-seeds-of-life-on-Earth www.rare-earth-magnets.com Ads Earth Space Earth Surface Earth Day Earth Facts Interstellar dust clouds may have sown seeds of life

Glaser, Rainer

58

Preferred Attachment in Affiliation Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vertices of an affiliation network are linked to attributes and two vertices are declared adjacent whenever they share a common attribute. For example, two customers of an internet shop (or video-sharing website) are called adjacent if they have purchased (or downloaded) the same or similar items. Assuming that each newly arrived customer is linked preferentially to already popular items we obtain a preferred attachment affiliation network that evolves in time. We show that the fraction of customers having neighbours scales as for large . Here is the ratio between the two intensities: intensity of the flow of customers and that of the newly arriving items.

Bloznelis, Mindaugas; Götze, Friedrich

2014-08-01

59

Reactive Attachment Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child abuse and neglect affects the lives of many American children and can result in physical injury and disability as well as psychological trauma. Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is one possible psychological consequence of child abuse and neglect for very young children, younger than 5 years of age. RAD is described as markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness usually

Gail Hornor

2008-01-01

60

Attachment Behavior of Children Adopted Internationally at Six Months Post Adoption  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this pilot study was to describe attachment behavior in children adopted internationally at 6 months post adoption. Twenty-two children and their adoptive mothers were observed at home for completion of an attachment measure. Mothers also completed a questionnaire on their child’s preadoption care. Comparisons of children low and high in attachment security suggested that low secure children showed predominantly ambivalent attachment behavior or that they were still in the process of forming an attachment. Children having foster versus orphanage care prior to adoption differed in quality of preadoption care and in certain attachment behaviors, but not in overall attachment security. PMID:22468118

Niemann, Sandra; Weiss, Sandra

2012-01-01

61

Television Quiz Show Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the simulation of four television quiz shows for students in China studying English as a foreign language (EFL). It discusses the adaptation and implementation of television quiz shows and how the students reacted to them.

Hill, Jonnie Lynn

2007-01-01

62

Solar System Odyssey - Fulldome Digital Planetarium Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a Fulldome Digital Planetarium Show. Learners go on a futuristic journey through our Solar System. They explore the inner and outer planets, then the moons: Titan, Europa, and Callisto as possible places to establish a human colony. A full-length preview of the show is available on the website, you need to scroll down about 3/4 of the page - under section on children's shows, direct link not available.

63

Building D interior, looking south showing same stone wall as ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Building D interior, looking south showing same stone wall as it attaches to the east wall of Building D - Hinckley Knitting Mills, Building D, 21-35 East Wister Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

64

09/05/2012 09:01BBC News -Silicon Fen shows off its wares at Cambridge showcase Page 1 of 6http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-16093741  

E-print Network

his Harry Potter-esque magic to the crowd. Meerkats and Avatars His company Zappar is showing what its augmented reality software can do at a tech- nology event on the outskirts of Cambridge. Meerkats

Cipolla, Roberto

65

Turbine nozzle attachment system  

DOEpatents

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and being attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes a pair of legs extending radially outwardly from an outer shroud and a pair of mounting legs extending radially inwardly from an inner shroud. Each of the pair of legs and mounting legs have a pair of holes therein. A plurality of members attached to the gas turbine engine have a plurality of bores therein which axially align with corresponding ones of the pair of holes in the legs. A plurality of pins are positioned within the corresponding holes and bores radially positioning the nozzle guide vane assembly about a central axis of the gas turbine engine.

Norton, Paul F. (San Diego, CA); Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

66

Turbine nozzle attachment system  

DOEpatents

A nozzle guide vane assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is positioned in a gas turbine engine and is attached to conventional metallic components. The nozzle guide vane assembly includes a pair of legs extending radially outwardly from an outer shroud and a pair of mounting legs extending radially inwardly from an inner shroud. Each of the pair of legs and mounting legs have a pair of holes therein. A plurality of members attached to the gas turbine engine have a plurality of bores therein which axially align with corresponding ones of the pair of holes in the legs. A plurality of pins are positioned within the corresponding holes and bores radially positioning the nozzle guide vane assembly about a central axis of the gas turbine engine. 3 figs.

Norton, P.F.; Shaffer, J.E.

1995-10-24

67

8/20/09 9:32 AMResearchers Show Why Peer Discussion Improves Student Performance on 'Clicker' Questions // Current Page 1 of 7http://current.com/items/89676493_researchers-show-why-peer-discussion-improves-student-performance-on-clicker-questions.htm  

E-print Network

a Quick Upturn 0 responses Families Angry Over Bomber's Release 0 responses Plant Has Appetite For Rodents-peer-discussion-improves-student-performance-on-clicker-questions.htm login | register |home tv shows schedule uploads viewer ads groups search News Movies Music Green Tech their responses to questions against those of their neighbors and making adjustments to those answers in hopes

Su, Tin Tin

68

Magnetic attachment mechanism  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A magnetic attachment mechanism adapted for interfacing with the manipulator arm of a remote manipulator system and comprising a pair of permanent magnets of rare earth material are arranged in a stator-rotor relationship. The rotor magnet is journalled for rotation about its longitudinal axis between pole plates of the stator magnet, each of which includes an adhering surface. In a first rotary position corresponding to the ON condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet is closely adjacent to a stator magnet pole plate of like polarity whereby the respective magnet fields are additive for producing a strong magnetic field emanating from the adhering surfaces for attracting a ferrous magnetic plate, or the like, affixed to the payload. When the rotor magnet is rotated to a second position corresponding to the OFF condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet is disposed closely adjacent to a pole plate of unlike polarity whereby the magnetic fields of the magnets are in cancelling relationship at the adhering surfaces, which permits the release of a payload. An actuator for selectively rotating the rotor magnet between the ON and OFF positions is provided for interfacing and connecting the magnetic attachment mechanism with a manipulator arm. For affecting an optimal rigidized attachment the payload is provided with guide means cooperable with guide means on the housing of the mechanism for directing adhering surfaces of the polar plates to the ferrous plate.

Wu, Mitchell B. (inventor); Harwell, William D. (inventor)

1988-01-01

69

Electron Attachment to DNA and RNA Nucleobases: An EOMCC Investigation  

E-print Network

We report a benchmark theoretical investigation of both adiabatic and vertical electron affinities of five DNA and RNA nucleobases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine and uracil using state-of-the-art equation of motion coupled cluster (EOMCC) method. We have calculated the vertical electron affinity values of first five electron attached states of the DNA and RNA nucleobases and only the first electron attached state is found to be energetically accessible in gas phase. An analysis of the natural orbitals shows that the first electron attached states of uracil and thymine are valence-bound type and undergo significant structural changes on attachment of excess electron, which is reflected in the deviation of the adiabatic electron affinity from the vertical one. On the other hand, the first electron attached state of cytosine, adenine and guanine are dipole-bound type and their structure remain unaffected on attachment of an extra electron, which results in small deviation of adiabatic electron affinity fro...

Dutta, Chintya Kumar; Vaval, Nayana; Pal, Sourav

2014-01-01

70

Attachment Models in Incarcerated Sex Offenders: A Preliminary Italian Study Using the Adult Attachment Interview.  

PubMed

A group of sex offenders (clinical group: n = 19) was compared to a nonclinical sample matched by age, years of education, and gender (control group A: n = 19) to verify a higher incidence of insecure attachment models among sex offenders. In addition, we tested whether sex offenders were characterized by specific childhood experiences, compared to control adults (control group B: n = 19) with the same secure/insecure attachment classification. Results showed significant differences between offenders and control adults on both the AAI continuous score and the distribution of the two-way attachment classifications. Furthermore, sex offenders reported more intense experiences of rejection by the father figure and abuse in the family context during early childhood compared to not offenders subjects with the same attachment classification. PMID:25382061

Grattagliano, Ignazio; Cassibba, Rosalinda; Costantini, Alessandro; Laquale, Giovanni Michele; Latrofa, Alessandra; Papagna, Sonia; Sette, Giovanna; Taurino, Alessandro; Terlizzi, Maria

2014-11-01

71

03/27/2007 10:23 AMScience Update: The Science Radio News Feature of the AAAS Page 1 of 1http://www.scienceupdate.com/show.php?date=20070320  

E-print Network

://www.scienceupdate.com/show.php?date=20070320 Aquariums for Ears March 20, 2007 Scientists are using sound to make public aquariums accessible Update. [Aquarium version of The Blue Danube] HIRSHON: If this version of The Blue Danube seems strange, it's because it's being played by fish. It's part of a new project to make public aquariums more

72

Surface-attachment sequence in Vibrio Cholerae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vibrio cholerae is a gram-negative bacterium that causes the human disease cholera. It is found natively in brackish costal waters in temperate climates, where it attaches to the surfaces of a variety of different aquatic life. V. cholerae has a single polar flagellum making it highly motile, as well as a number of different pili types, enabling it to attach to both biotic and abiotic surfaces. Using in-house built tracking software we track all surface-attaching bacteria from high-speed movies to examine the early-time attachment profile of v. cholerae onto a smooth glass surface. Similar to previous work,footnotetextLauga, E., DiLuzio, W. R., Whitesides, G. M., Stone, H. A. Biophys. J. 90, 400 (2006). we observe right-handed circular swimming trajectories near surfaces; however, in addition we see a host of distinct motility mechanisms that enable rapid exploration of the surface before forming a more permanent attachment. Using isogenic mutants we show that the motility mechanisms observed are due to a complex combination of hydrodynamics and pili-surface interactions.

Utada, Andrew; Gibiansky, Maxsim; Wong, Gerard

2013-03-01

73

Microbial attachment to particles in marine and freshwater ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scanning electron microscopy observations ofin situ suspended marine and freshwater particles show diverse but similar modes of bacterial and fungal attachment. A survey of Sierra Nevada mountain lakes and pelagic and near-shore waters in the Pacific Ocean indicates that attachment is most noticeable in the near-surface waters where fresh dissolved and particulate input of carbon from phytoplankton and elevated temperatures

Hans W. Paerl

1975-01-01

74

Adult attachment and attentional inhibition of interpersonal stimuli  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two studies, we used a negative affective priming task with pictures of angry (Study 1), sad (Study 2), and happy faces (Studies 1 and 2) to measure attentional inhibition of emotional stimuli as a function of attachment style. Results showed that attachment avoidance was associated with a stronger inhibition of both angry and sad faces. This indicates that the

Marieke Dewitte

2011-01-01

75

The Ozone Show.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a talk show activity for a final assessment tool for students to debate about the ozone hole. Students are assessed on five areas: (1) cooperative learning; (2) the written component; (3) content; (4) self-evaluation; and (5) peer evaluation. (SAH)

Mathieu, Aaron

2000-01-01

76

Demonstration Road Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Idaho State University Department of Physics conducts science demonstration shows at S. E. Idaho schools. Four different presentations are currently available; "Forces and Motion", "States of Matter", "Electricity and Magnetism", and "Sound and Waves". Information provided includes descriptions of the material and links to other resources.

2009-04-06

77

Do Elephants Show Empathy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elephants show a rich social organization and display a number of unusual traits. In this paper, we analyse reports collected over a thirty-five year period, describing behaviour that has the potential to reveal signs of empathic understanding. These include coalition formation, the offering of protection and comfort to others, retrieving and 'babysitting' calves, aiding individuals that would otherwise have difficulty

Lucy A. Bates; Phyllis C. Lee; Norah Njiraini; Joyce H. Poole; Katito Sayialel; Soila Sayialel; Cynthia J. Moss; Richard W. Byrne

2008-01-01

78

ISU Demonstration Road Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Idaho State University Department of Physics conducts science demonstration shows at SE Idaho schools. Four different presentations are currently available; "Forces and Motion", "States of Matter", "Electricity and Magnetism", and "Sound and Waves". Student activities and descriptions of the demonstrated material are also provided.

Shropshire, Steven

2004-04-06

79

Stage a Water Show  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the author's book titled "The Incredible Water Show," the characters from "Miss Alaineus: A Vocabulary Disaster" used an ocean of information to stage an inventive performance about the water cycle. In this article, the author relates how she turned the story into hands-on science teaching for real-life fifth-grade students. The author also…

Frasier, Debra

2008-01-01

80

Magnetic attachment mechanism  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A magnetic attachment mechanism adapted for interfacing with the manipulator arm (11) of a remote manipulator system and comprising a pair of permanent magnets (31,32) of rare earth material which are arranged in a stator-rotor relationship. The rotor magnet (32), is journalled for rotation about its longitudinal axis between pole plates (35,36) of the stator magnet (31), each of which includes an adhering surface (35a,36a). In a first rotary position corresponding to the ON condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet (32) is closely adjacent a stator magnet pole plate of like polarity whereby the respective magnet fields are additive for producing a strong magnetic field emanating from the adhering surfaces (35a,36a) for attracting a ferrous magnetic plate 20, or the like, affixed to the payload (20 or 50). When the rotor magnet (32) is rotated to a second position corresponding to the OFF condition, each of the poles of the rotor magnet (31) is disposed closely adjacent a pole plate of unlike polarity whereby the magnetic fields of the magnets are in cancelling relationship at the adhering surfaces (35a,36a) which permits the release of a payload. An actuator (51 or 70) for selectively rotating the rotor magnet (32) between the ON and OFF positions is provided for interfacing and connecting the magnetic attachment mechanism with a manipulator arm. For effecting an optimal rigidized attachment the payload is provided with guides (91,92) cooperable with guides (96,16,17) on the housing of the mechanism for directing adhering surfaces (35a,36a) of the polar plates to the ferrous plate (20).

Harwell, William D. (Inventor); Wu, Mitchell B. (Inventor)

1990-01-01

81

Attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE The aim of this systematic review was to address treatment outcome according to attachment systems for mandibular implant overdentures in terms of implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, and patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and hand searching of relevant journals considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Clinical trial studies on mandibular implant overdentures until August, 2010 were selected if more than one type of overdenture attachment was reported. Twenty four studies from 1098 studies were finally included and the data on implant survival rate, prosthetic maintenance and complications, patient satisfaction were analyzed relative to attachment systems. RESULTS Four studies presented implant survival rates (95.8 - 97.5% for bar, 96.2 - 100% for ball, 91.7% for magnet) according to attachment system. Ten other studies presented an implant survival rate ranging from 93.3% to 100% without respect to the attachment groups. Common prosthetic maintenance and complications were replacement of an assay for magnet attachments, and activation of a matrix or clip for ball or bar attachments. Prosthetic maintenance and complications most commonly occurred in the magnet groups. Conflicting findings were found on the rate of prosthetic maintenance and complications comparing ball and bar attachments. Most studies showed no significant differences in patient satisfaction depending upon attachment systems. CONCLUSION The implant survival rate of mandibular overdentures seemed to be high regardless attachment systems. The prosthetic maintenance and complications may be influenced by attachment systems. However patient satisfaction may be independent of the attachment system. PMID:23236571

Kim, Ha-Young; Lee, Jeong-Yol; Bryant, S. Ross

2012-01-01

82

Attachment anxiety is related to Epstein-Barr virus latency.  

PubMed

Attachment theory provides a framework for understanding individual differences in chronic interpersonal stress. Attachment anxiety, a type of relationship insecurity characterized by worry about rejection and abandonment, is a chronic interpersonal stressor. Stress impacts cellular immunity, including herpesvirus reactivation. We investigated whether attachment anxiety was related to the expression of a latent herpesvirus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), when individuals were being tested for breast or colon cancer and approximately 1 year later. Participants (N=183) completed a standard attachment questionnaire and provided blood to assess EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG antibody titers. Individuals with more attachment anxiety had higher EBV VCA IgG antibody titers than those with less attachment anxiety. The strength of the association between attachment anxiety and antibody titers was the same at both assessments. This study is the first to show an association between latent herpesvirus reactivation and attachment anxiety. Because elevated herpesvirus antibody titers reflect poorer cellular immune system control over the latent virus, these data suggest that high attachment anxiety is associated with cellular immune dysregulation. PMID:24945717

Fagundes, Christopher P; Jaremka, Lisa M; Glaser, Ronald; Alfano, Catherine M; Povoski, Stephen P; Lipari, Adele M; Agnese, Doreen M; Yee, Lisa D; Carson, William E; Farrar, William B; Malarkey, William B; Chen, Min; Kiecolt-Glaser, Janice K

2014-10-01

83

Show-Me Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Come along as the folks at the University of Missouri show you the history of their college days through the Show Me magazine. It's a wonderful collection of college humor published from 1946 to 1963. First-time visitors would do well to read about the magazine's colorful past, courtesy of Jerry Smith. A good place to start is the November 1920 issue (easily found when you browse by date), which contains a number of parody advertisements along with some doggerels poking good natured fun at the football team and an assortment of deans. Also, it's worth noting that visitors can scroll through issues and save them to an online "bookbag" for later use.

2008-01-01

84

Mars Slide Show  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

15 September 2006 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows a landslide that occurred off of a steep slope in Tithonium Chasma, part of the vast Valles Marineris trough system.

Location near: 4.8oS, 84.6oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: upper left Season: Southern Autumn

2006-01-01

85

Professional Caretakers as Attachment Figures in Day Care Centers for Children with Intellectual Disability and Behavior Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do children with intellectual disabilities (ID) show attachment behavior towards their professional caretaker? Five children, varying in chronological age, developmental age and DSM-diagnosis, were observed in a day care setting. Their attachment behavior was described by means of the Attachment Q-sort. Attachment behavior varied within and…

De Schipper, J. Clasien; Stolk, Joop; Schuengel, Carlo

2006-01-01

86

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine flange having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine flange includes a first upstanding flange and a second upstanding flange having a groove formed therebetween. The turbine flange further includes a recess. Each of the first and second upstanding flanges have a plurality of bores therein. A turbine blade has a first member and a second member positioned in one of the groove and the recess. Each of the first member and the second member have a plurality of bores therein. And, a pin is positioned in respective ones of the plurality of bores in the first and second upstanding members and the first and second members and attach the blade to the turbine flange. The pin has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being substantially equal to the rate of thermal expansion of the blade.

Frey, deceased, Gary A. (late of Poway, CA); Jimenez, Oscar D. (Escondia, CA)

1996-01-01

87

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine flange having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine flange includes a first upstanding flange and a second upstanding flange having a groove formed between them. The turbine flange further includes a recess. Each of the first and second upstanding flanges have a plurality of bores therein. A turbine blade has a first member and a second member positioned in one of the groove and the recess. Each of the first member and the second member have a plurality of bores therein. A pin is positioned in respective ones of the plurality of bores in the first and second upstanding members and the first and second members and attach the blade to the turbine flange. The pin has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being substantially equal to the rate of thermal expansion of the blade. 4 figs.

Frey, G.A.; Jimenez, O.D.

1996-12-03

88

Electron attachment to fluorocarbon radicals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal electron attachment rate constants for a series of small fluorocarbon radicals (CF2, C2F3, 1-C3F7, 2-C3F7, C3F5, CF3O) were measured from 300 to 600 K using the variable electron and neutral density attachment mass spectrometry method. With the exception of CF2, for which no attachment was observed, all species exclusively underwent dissociative attachment to yield F-. The magnitude and temperature dependences of the rate constants varied significantly between species; however, attachment was in all cases inefficient, never exceeding 2% of the calculated collisional value. The data are interpreted and extrapolated to conditions inaccessible to the experiment using a kinetic modeling approach to the electron attachment process.

Shuman, Nicholas S.; Miller, Thomas M.; Viggiano, A. A.

2012-12-01

89

Breast Cancer Vaccine Shows Promise in Early Trial  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Breast Cancer Vaccine Shows Promise in Early Trial Injection boosted ... 2015) Tuesday, December 2, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Breast Cancer Immunization TUESDAY, Dec. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- An ...

90

More Stroke Patients Getting Clot-Buster Quickly, Study Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. More Stroke Patients Getting Clot-Buster Quickly, Study Shows Many ... February 11, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Health Facilities Stroke WEDNESDAY, Feb. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- More community ...

91

Next Steps in Attachment Theory  

PubMed Central

Thanks to the phenomenal success of attachment theory, great progress has been made in understanding child and adult relationships. The success of attachment theory opens the way to new research directions that can extend its successes even further. In particular, more work on the fundamental nature of attachment that respects recent biological research is important, as is concentrated effort on the related caregiving system. PMID:23504112

Bell, David C.

2012-01-01

92

“Sexting” and adult romantic attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Sexting” refers to sending and receiving sexually suggestive images, videos, or texts on cell phones. As a means for maintaining or initiating a relationship, sexting behavior and attitudes may be understood through adult attachment theory. One hundred and twenty-eight participants (M=22 and F=106), aged 18–30years, completed an online questionnaire about their adult attachment styles and sexting behavior and attitudes. Attachment

Robert S. Weisskirch; Raquel Delevi

2011-01-01

93

NPR: The Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Public Radio's "The Picture Show" photo blog is a great way to avoid culling through the thousands of less interesting and engaging photographs on the web. With a dedicated team of professionals, this blog brings together different posts that profile various sets of photographs that cover 19th century war in Afghanistan, visual memories of WWII, unpublished photographs of JFK's presidential campaign, and abandoned buildings on the islands in Boston Harbor. Visitors can search through previous posts, use social media features to share the photo features with friends, and also sign up to receive new materials via their RSS feed. There's quite a nice mix of material here, and visitors can also comment on the photos and recommend the collection to friends and others.

94

Solar Light Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the last few days, the Earth has been buffeted by a geomagnetic storm caused by a major solar flare. In addition to disruptions in radio, telecommunications, and electric service, the flare may also produce a dramatic light show as it peaks tonight. Weather permitting, the aurora borealis, or northern lights, may be visible as far south as Washington, D.C. The best viewing time will be local midnight. The sun is currently at the peak of its eleven-year solar cycle, spawning flares and "coronal mass ejections" (CME), violent outbursts of gas from the sun's corona that can carry up to 10 billion tons of electrified gas traveling at speeds as high as 2000 km/s. Geomagnetic storms result when solar winds compress the magnetosphere, sometimes interfering with electric power transmission and satellites, but also creating beautiful aurorae, as many stargazers hope will occur tonight.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

95

Egg: the Arts Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Egg is a new TV show about people making art across America" from PBS. This accompanying Website presents excerpts from sixteen episodes of the series, with three more "hatching soon," such as Close to Home, profiling three photographers: Jeanine Pohlhaus, whose pictures document her father's struggle with mental illness; Gregory Crewdson's photos of Lee, Massachusetts; and Joseph Rodriguez's photos of Hispanics in New York City. Excerpts include video clips, gallery listings where the artists' work can be seen, and short interviews with artists. Some episodes also offer "peeps," glimpses of material not shown on TV, such as the Space episode's peep, Shooting Stars, that provides directions for astrophotography, taking photographs of star trails. Other sections of the site are airdates, for local listings; see and do usa, where vacationers can search for art events at their destinations; and egg on the arts, a discussion forum.

96

[ADHD and attachment processes: are they related?].  

PubMed

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined on the basis of developmentally inappropriate inattention, motor activity and impulsivity that emerges early in development and causes impairment in social and academic functioning. ADHD is described as a multifactorial disease, with a well studied genetic vulnerability, and early environmental factors also playing an important role in the development and course of the disorder. Current aetiological models emphasize interaction between genes and environment. The concept of attachment, as proposed by John Bowlby, reflects quality of early interactions, and should therefore be considered as an early developmental factor. First, clinical findings emphasize similitude between both disorders; emotional dysregulation is an important feature in reactive attachment disorder as well as in ADHD. Emotion regulation is highly related to attachment security in young children and could play a part in the development of early attention processes. Moreover, difficult temperament is associated with higher risk for ADHD on the one hand, and can disturb the process of attachment on the other. Parental caregiving - including maternal sensitivity, positive parenting practices - is a main factor involved in the development of attachment, and has shown to be associated with better outcomes in ADHD children, especially with less oppositional/conduct disorders. Second, the aim of our review is to present clinical studies that have looked for a link between ADHD and attachment: the type of attachment could play a part in the course of the disorder: insecure and disorganised attachment types tend to be associated with a higher risk of externalised behaviors in children. For ADHD, this effect seems to be weaker than for other externalised disorders, and has been shown only in populations of at-risk children. Clinical studies also raise the question of possible links between reactive attachment disorder and ADHD. In children suffering severe early deprivon such as institution-rearing, inattention/hyperactivity symptoms were shown to be high, but these findings may not be valid in less severely deprived children. Third, another link could depend on a common vulnerability for ADHD and attachment disorder. Some perinatal factors, such as smoking during pregnancy or prematurity, have been shown to increase the risk of hyperactive symptoms in children. These variables may also be associated with a higher risk of impaired early interactions. Recent animal studies have raised interest in the role of prenatal stress in the emotional and behavioral development of the offspring, particularly as regards vulnerability to stress. Epigenetic mechanisms may be involved in durable alterations of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenergic axis. Preliminary findings in humans show that prenatal stress or maternal depression may also influence the development of the child. The understanding of the relationship between attachment and ADHD may help to better target prevention and intervention efforts. As the perinatal period seems to be particularly involved in both ADHD and attachment disorders, early guidance and possibly prenatal interventions should be developed and assessed for mothers and caregivers with risk-factors. PMID:19540412

Franc, N; Maury, M; Purper-Ouakil, D

2009-06-01

97

Substratum interfacial energetic effects on the attachment of marine bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biofilms represent an ancient, ubiquitous and influential form of life on earth. Biofilm formation is initiated by attachment of bacterial cells from an aqueous suspension onto a suitable attachment substratum. While in certain, well studied cases initial attachment and subsequent biofilm formation is mediated by specific ligand-receptor pairs on the bacteria and attachment substratum, in the open environment, including the ocean, it is assumed to be non-specific and mediated by processes similar to those that drive adsorption of colloids at the water-solid interface. Colloidal principles are studied to determine the molecular and physicochemical interactions involved in the attachment of the model marine bacterium, Cobetia marina to model self-assembled monolayer surfaces. In the simplest application of colloidal principles the wettability of attachment substrata, as measured by the advancing contact angle of water (theta AW) on the surface, is frequently used as an approximation for the surface tension. We demonstrate the applicability of this approach for attachment of C. marina and algal zoospores and extend it to the development of a means to control attachment and release of microorganisms by altering and tuning surface thetaAW. In many cases, however, thetaAW does not capture all the information necessary to model attachment of bacteria to attachment substrata; SAMs with similar thetaAW attach different number of bacteria. More advanced colloidal models of initial bacterial attachment have evolved over the last several decades, with the emergence of the model proposed by van Oss, Chaudhury and Good (VCG) as preeminent. The VCG model enables calculation of interfacial tensions by dividing these into two major interactions thought to be important at biointerfaces: apolar, Lifshitz-van der Waals and polar, Lewis acid-base (including hydrogen bonding) interactions. These interfacial tensions are combined to yield DeltaGadh, the free energy associated with attachment of bacteria to a substratum. We use VCG to model DeltaGadh and interfacial tensions as they relate to model bacterial attachment on SAMs that accumulate cells to different degrees. Even with the more complex interactions measured by VCG, surface energy of the attachment substratum alone was insufficient to predict attachment. VCG was then employed to model attachment of C. marina to a series of SAMs varying systematically in the number of ethylene glycol residues present in the molecule; an identical series has been previously shown to vary dramatically in the number of cells attached as a function of ethylene glycols present. Our results indicate that while VCG adequately models the interfacial tension between water and ethylene glycol SAMs in a manner that predicts bacterial attachment, DeltaGadh as calculated by VCG neither qualitatively nor quantitatively reflects the attachment data. The VCG model, thus, fails to capture specific information regarding the interactions between the attaching bacteria, water, and the SAM. We show that while hydrogen-bond accepting interactions are very well captured by this model, the ability for SAMs and bacteria to donate hydrogen bonds is not adequately described as the VCG model is currently applied. We also describe ways in which VCG fails to capture two specific biological aspects that may be important in bacterial attachment to surfaces:1.) specific interactions between molecules on the surface and bacteria and 2.) bacterial cell surface heterogeneities that may be important in differential attachment to different substrata.

Ista, Linnea Kathryn

98

Public medical shows.  

PubMed

In the second half of the 19th century, Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) became famous for the quality of his teaching and his innovative neurological discoveries, bringing many French and foreign students to Paris. A hunger for recognition, together with progressive and anticlerical ideals, led Charcot to invite writers, journalists, and politicians to his lessons, during which he presented the results of his work on hysteria. These events became public performances, for which physicians and patients were transformed into actors. Major newspapers ran accounts of these consultations, more like theatrical shows in some respects. The resultant enthusiasm prompted other physicians in Paris and throughout France to try and imitate them. We will compare the form and substance of Charcot's lessons with those given by Jules-Bernard Luys (1828-1897), Victor Dumontpallier (1826-1899), Ambroise-Auguste Liébault (1823-1904), Hippolyte Bernheim (1840-1919), Joseph Grasset (1849-1918), and Albert Pitres (1848-1928). We will also note their impact on contemporary cinema and theatre. PMID:25273491

Walusinski, Olivier

2014-01-01

99

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a first groove and a second groove therein. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings has a first groove and a second groove therein. The space or void formed between the first grooves and the second grooves has a plurality of spherical balls positioned therein. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

100

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine disc having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade and forms a turbine assembly. The turbine blade has a root portion defining a pair of sides having a pair of grooves therein. The turbine assembly includes a pair of flanges between which the turbine blades are positioned. Each of the pair of flanges has a plurality of grooves defined therein. The grooves within the pair of flanges are aligned with the grooves in the blades and have a space formed therebetween. A plurality of spherical balls are positioned within the space. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. 4 figs.

Shaffer, J.E.

1995-07-11

101

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine disc having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade and forms a turbine assembly. The turbine blade has a root portion defining a pair of sides having a pair of grooves therein. The turbine assembly includes a pair of flanges between which the turbine blades are positioned. Each of the pair of flanges has a plurality of grooves defined therein. The grooves within the pair of flanges are aligned with the grooves in the blades and have a space formed therebetween. A plurality of spherical balls are positioned within the space. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade.

Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01

102

Ceramic blade attachment system  

DOEpatents

A turbine blade having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion is attached to a turbine wheel having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being greater than the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. The turbine blade has a root portion having a first groove and a second groove therein. The turbine wheel includes a plurality of openings in which the turbine blade is positioned. Each of the openings has a first groove and a second groove therein. The space or void formed between the first grooves and the second grooves has a plurality of spherical balls positioned therein. The plurality of spherical balls has a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being equal to the preestablished rate of thermal expansion of the turbine blade. 4 figures.

Shaffer, J.E.

1995-01-10

103

The Great Cometary Show  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer, which allows astronomers to scrutinise objects with a precision equivalent to that of a 130-m telescope, is proving itself an unequalled success every day. One of the latest instruments installed, AMBER, has led to a flurry of scientific results, an anthology of which is being published this week as special features in the research journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. ESO PR Photo 06a/07 ESO PR Photo 06a/07 The AMBER Instrument "With its unique capabilities, the VLT Interferometer (VLTI) has created itself a niche in which it provide answers to many astronomical questions, from the shape of stars, to discs around stars, to the surroundings of the supermassive black holes in active galaxies," says Jorge Melnick (ESO), the VLT Project Scientist. The VLTI has led to 55 scientific papers already and is in fact producing more than half of the interferometric results worldwide. "With the capability of AMBER to combine up to three of the 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescopes, we can really achieve what nobody else can do," added Fabien Malbet, from the LAOG (France) and the AMBER Project Scientist. Eleven articles will appear this week in Astronomy & Astrophysics' special AMBER section. Three of them describe the unique instrument, while the other eight reveal completely new results about the early and late stages in the life of stars. ESO PR Photo 06b/07 ESO PR Photo 06b/07 The Inner Winds of Eta Carinae The first results presented in this issue cover various fields of stellar and circumstellar physics. Two papers deal with very young solar-like stars, offering new information about the geometry of the surrounding discs and associated outflowing winds. Other articles are devoted to the study of hot active stars of particular interest: Alpha Arae, Kappa Canis Majoris, and CPD -57o2874. They provide new, precise information about their rotating gas envelopes. An important new result concerns the enigmatic object Eta Carinae. Using AMBER with its high spatial and spectral resolution, it was possible to zoom into the very heart of this very massive star. In this innermost region, the observations are dominated by the extremely dense stellar wind that totally obscures the underlying central star. The AMBER observations show that this dense stellar wind is not spherically symmetric, but exhibits a clearly elongated structure. Overall, the AMBER observations confirm that the extremely high mass loss of Eta Carinae's massive central star is non-spherical and much stronger along the poles than in the equatorial plane. This is in agreement with theoretical models that predict such an enhanced polar mass-loss in the case of rapidly rotating stars. ESO PR Photo 06c/07 ESO PR Photo 06c/07 RS Ophiuchi in Outburst Several papers from this special feature focus on the later stages in a star's life. One looks at the binary system Gamma 2 Velorum, which contains the closest example of a star known as a Wolf-Rayet. A single AMBER observation allowed the astronomers to separate the spectra of the two components, offering new insights in the modeling of Wolf-Rayet stars, but made it also possible to measure the separation between the two stars. This led to a new determination of the distance of the system, showing that previous estimates were incorrect. The observations also revealed information on the region where the winds from the two stars collide. The famous binary system RS Ophiuchi, an example of a recurrent nova, was observed just 5 days after it was discovered to be in outburst on 12 February 2006, an event that has been expected for 21 years. AMBER was able to detect the extension of the expanding nova emission. These observations show a complex geometry and kinematics, far from the simple interpretation of a spherical fireball in extension. AMBER has detected a high velocity jet probably perpendicular to the orbital plane of the binary system, and allowed a precise and careful study of the wind and the shockwave coming from the nova. The stream of results from the VLTI and AMBER

2007-01-01

104

Effect of attachment strategies on bipartite networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bipartite systems show remarkable variations in their topological asymptotic properties, e.g., in their degree distribution. Such variations depend on the underlying growth dynamics. A scenario of particular importance is when the two partitions of the bipartite structure do not grow at an equal rate. Here, we focus on the case where one of the partitions can be assumed to be fixed while the other partition grows in time as observed in the codon-gene or alphabet-word network. We show that subtle changes in growth dynamics, particularly in the attachment kernel, can lead to drastic changes of the emergent topological properties. We present a detail analysis of various growth strategies, including sequential and parallel addition of nodes, as well as with and without replacement attachment kernels. Analytical results have been compared with stochastic simulations as well as with real systems showing in all cases an excellent agreement.

Ganguly, Niloy; Saha, Sudipta; Maiti, Abyayananda; Agarwal, Sanket; Peruani, Fernando; Mukherjee, Animesh

2013-06-01

105

Development of an Attachment-Informed Measure of Sexual Behavior in Late Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is considerable interest in relations between sexual behavior and romantic attachment styles in adolescence as attachment needs are increasingly met through intimate partners rather than parents. The objectives of this research were to organize a measure of sexual behavior within an attachment theory framework, and then show that this new…

Szielasko, Alicia L.; Symons, Douglas K.; Price, E. Lisa

2013-01-01

106

View of redwood planks attached to the face of Lake ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of redwood planks attached to the face of Lake Sabrina Dam, close-up, detail showing overlapping planks at right edge of photo - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Lake Sabrina Dam, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

107

PARTITIONS AND OVERPARTITIONS WITH ATTACHED PARTS JEREMY LOVEJOY  

E-print Network

PARTITIONS AND OVERPARTITIONS WITH ATTACHED PARTS JEREMY LOVEJOY Abstract. We show how to interpret. 11P81, 05A17, 33D15. 1 #12;2 JEREMY LOVEJOY Following [3], we say that the parts of the overpartition

Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7

108

Engineered antifouling microtopographies: an energetic model that predicts cell attachment.  

PubMed

We have developed a model for the prediction of cell attachment to engineered microtopographies based on two previous models: the attachment point theory and the engineered roughness index (ERI) model. The new surface energetic attachment (SEA) model is based on both the properties of the cell-material interface and the size and configuration of the topography relative to the organism. We have used Monte Carlo simulation to examine the SEA model's ability to predict relative attachment of the green alga Ulva linza to different locations within a unit cell. We have also compared the predicted relative attachment for Ulva linza, the diatom Navicula incerta, the marine bacterium Cobetia marina, and the barnacle cyprid Balanus amphitrite to a wide variety of microtopographies. We demonstrate good correlation between the experimental results and the model results for all tested experimental data and thus show the SEA model may be used as a powerful indicator of the efficacy for antifouling topographies. PMID:24044383

Decker, Joseph T; Kirschner, Chelsea M; Long, Christopher J; Finlay, John A; Callow, Maureen E; Callow, James A; Brennan, Anthony B

2013-10-22

109

Attachment Styles in Alcoholic Inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the fact that addiction has often been identified as an attachment disorder, empirical studies on this topic are rather scarce. In our study we explore attachment style (secure vs. insecure) in alcoholic inpatients and its relationship with perceived parenting and alcohol-related and psychiatric problems in a sample of 101 alcoholic inpatients (Belgium). Our results reveal that in comparison to

Ann De Rick; Stijn Vanheule

2007-01-01

110

Attachment and Adolescent Psychosocial Functioning  

PubMed Central

To explore the meaning and function of attachment organization during adolescence, its relation to multiple domains of psychosocial functioning was examined in a sample of 131 moderately at-risk adolescents. Attachment organization was assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview; multiple measures of functioning were obtained from parents, adolescents, and their peers. Seczurity displayed in adolescents' organization of discourse about attachment experiences was related to competence with peers (as reported by peers), lower levels of internalizing behaviors (as reported by adolescents), and lower levels of deviant behavior (as reported by peers and by mothers). Preoccupation with attachment experiences, seen in angry or diffuse and unfocused discussion of attachment experiences, was linked to higher levels of both internalizing and deviant behaviors. These relations generally remained even when other attachment-related constructs that had been previously related to adolescent functioning were covaried in analyses. Results are interpreted as suggesting an important role for attachment organization in a wide array of aspects of adolescent psychosocial development. PMID:9839424

Allen, Joseph P.; Moore, Cynthia; Kuperminc, Gabriel; Bell, Kathy

2006-01-01

111

Everything You Want To Know about Attachment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses infant attachment, which it defines as a long-lasting emotional bond revealed when a child under stress seeks out and tries to stay close to a specific figure. The paper addresses: (1) What is attachment? Who are the pioneers in attachment theory?; (2) How do we notice attachment in action?; (3) Is attachment the only…

Honig, Alice Sterling

112

Study Shows Men Can Get Oral HPV Infection from Women  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Study Shows Men Can Get Oral HPV Infection From Women Virus ... Sexual Health WEDNESDAY, Nov. 12, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Men are at increased risk for oral human papillomavirus ( ...

113

Adult-Sized ATVs Deadly for Kids, Report Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... Shows Study highlights risks associated with all-terrain vehicles (*this news item will not be available after ... 24, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Safety Motor Vehicle Safety MONDAY, Nov. 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Santa ...

114

Research Shows No Link Between Vaccinations, Risk for Multiple Sclerosis  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Research Shows No Link Between Vaccinations, Risk for Multiple Sclerosis Large study finds no ... Preidt Tuesday, October 21, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Immunization Multiple Sclerosis TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- ...

115

Bed Position Matters for Stroke Patients, Report Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Bed Position Matters for Stroke Patients, Report Shows But ... Stroke THURSDAY, Nov. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital bed positioning can be critical in the first 24 ...

116

New Treatment Shows Promise in Younger Breast Cancer Patients  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. New Treatment Shows Promise in Younger Breast Cancer Patients: ... of breast cancer recurrence in some younger women, new research suggests. This combination approach -- using estrogen-blockers ...

117

Obesity Tied to Half a Million Cancers Worldwide, Report Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Obesity Tied to Half a Million Cancers Worldwide, Report Shows Largest number of obesity-related cancers diagnosed in North America and Europe, ...

118

20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. VIEW, LOOKING NORTH FROM BOSTON, SHOWING RAILING, PEDESTRIAN STAIR, AND '10 SMOOT' MARKER (see data pages) - Harvard Bridge, Spanning Charles River at Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

119

Utilisation capability of the Columbus Attached Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A mission model is developed through an iterative process, showing typical payloads and laboratory support equipment for the initial Columbus Attached Laboratory installation. This facility is designed to accommodate payload complements varying from increment to increment for both internal and external experiments. Principal features of interfaces with the crew and the end users through the ground segment are described and attention is given to teleoperations, automation, and robotics.

Knott, Karl; Amadieu, Patrice

1992-08-01

120

The Development and Neurobiology of Infant Attachment and Fear  

PubMed Central

Survival of altricial infants depends on attachment to the caregiver – a process that requires infants to identify, learn, remember, and approach their attachment figure. Here we review the neurobiology of attachment in infant rats where learning about the caregiver is supported by a specialized attachment neural circuitry to promote the infant-caregiver relationship. Specifically, the attachment circuit relies on infants acquiring learned preferences to the maternal odor, and this behavior is supported by the hyper-functioning locus coeruleus and generous amounts of norepinephrine to produce experience-induced changes in the olfactory bulb and anterior piriform cortex. Infants also possess a reduced ability to acquire learned aversions or fear, and this behavior is facilitated through attenuated amygdala plasticity to block fear learning. Presumably, this attachment circuitry constrains the infant animal to express only learned preferences regardless of the quality of care received. As pups mature, and begin to travel in and out of the nest, the specialized attachment learning becomes contextually confined to when pups are with the mother. Thus, when outside the nest, these older pups show learning more typical of adult learning, presumably to prepare for independent life outside the nest. The quality of attachment can alter this circuitry, with early life stress prematurely terminating the pups’ access to the attachment system through premature functional activation of the amygdala. Overall, the attachment circuit appears to have a dual function: keeping pups close to the caregiver but also to shape pups’ behavior to match the environment and define long-term emotion and cognition. PMID:22571921

Landers, Margo S.; Sullivan, Regina M.

2013-01-01

121

Columbia University Health Sciences Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section -Page 43  

E-print Network

Columbia University Health Sciences ­ Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section - Page;ColumbiaUniversityHealthSciences­Health&SafetyManual2003 LaboratorySafetySection-Page44 Attachment&ChemicalHygieneTraining(seescheduleviaEH&Swebsite) #12;Columbia University Health Sciences ­ Health & Safety Manual 2003 Laboratory Safety Section - Page

Jia, Songtao

122

Reactive Attachment Disorder: A Biopsychosocial Disturbance of Attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The etiology, differential diagnosis, and treatment of Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) are discussed utilizing a psychodynamically-informed\\u000a biopsychosocial approach. Early trauma in childhood attachment experiences alters the structures, neuro-chemicals, and connectivity\\u000a of the brain. The neurobiological effects of childhood neglect equal and even surpass the impact of abuse and related trauma.\\u000a This paper discusses structures in the brain involved in early

James R. Corbin

2007-01-01

123

Developing a Neurobehavioral Animal Model of Infant Attachment to an Abusive Caregiver  

PubMed Central

Background Both abused and well cared for infants show attachment to their caregivers, although the quality of that attachment differs. Moreover, the infant’s attachment to the abusive caregiver is associated with compromised mental health, especially under stress. In an attempt to better understand how abuse by the caregiver can compromise mental health, we explore the neural basis of attachment in both typical and abusive environments using infant rats, which form attachments to the mother through learning her odor. Here, we hypothesize that the neural circuitry for infant attachment differs based on the quality of the attachment, which can be uncovered during stressful situations. Methods We used infant rats to compare infant attachment social behaviors and supporting neurobiology using natural maternal odor, as well as two odor-learning attachment paradigms: odor-stroke (mimics typical attachment) and odor-.5 mA shock conditioning (mimics abusive attachment). Next, to uncover differences in behavior and brain, these pups were injected with systemic corticosterone. Finally, pups were reared with an abusive mother to determine ecological relevance. Results Our results suggest that the natural and learned attachment odors indistinguishably control social behavior in infancy (approach to the odor and interactions with the mother). However, with corticosterone injection, pups with an abusive attachment show disrupted infant social behavior with the mother and engagement of the amygdala. Conclusions This animal model of attachment accommodates both abusive and typical attachment and suggests that pups’ social behavior and underlying neural circuitry may provide clues to understanding attachment in children with various conditions of care. PMID:20163787

Raineki, Charlis; Moriceau, Stephanie; Sullivan, Regina M.

2013-01-01

124

Duality between preferential attachment and static networks on hyperbolic spaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a complex relation between the mechanism of preferential attachment, scale-free degree distributions and hyperbolicity in complex networks. In fact, both preferential attachment and hidden hyperbolic spaces often generate scale-free networks. We show that there is actually a duality between a class of growing spatial networks based on preferential attachment on the sphere and a class of static random networks on the hyperbolic plane. Both classes of networks have the same scale-free degree distribution as the Barabasi-Albert model. As a limit of this correspondence, the Barabasi-Albert model is equivalent to a static random network on an hyperbolic space with infinite curvature.

Ferretti, L.; Cortelezzi, M.; Mamino, M.

2014-02-01

125

Attachment at work and performance.  

PubMed

This paper examines the relations between self-reported attachment orientation at work and personality, self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence (aka emotional self-efficacy), and independently assessed career potential and job performance. Self-report data were collected from 211 managers in an international business in the hospitality industry; independent assessments of these managers' job performance and career potential were separately obtained from the organization. A self-report measure of romantic attachment was adapted for application in the work context; a two-factor solution was found for this measure. Secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work was positively related to self-esteem, trait emotional intelligence, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, and also to job performance. Not only was secure/autonomous attachment orientation at work statistically predictive of job performance, but the new measure also made a distinct contribution, beyond conscientiousness, to this prediction. PMID:21838647

Neustadt, Elizabeth A; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Furnham, Adrian

2011-09-01

126

Child-parent attachment following early institutional deprivation.  

PubMed

Child-parent attachment quality with an adoptive caregiver at age 4 years was examined in a sample of 111 children adopted into the United Kingdom following early severe deprivation in Romania and a comparison group of 52 nondeprived within-United Kingdom adoptees. Findings indicated that, compared with nondeprived adoptees, children who experienced early severe deprivation were less likely to be securely attached and more likely to show atypical patterns of attachment behavior; ordinary forms of insecure attachment were not associated with deprivation. Within the sample of deprived adoptees, there was a dose-response association between duration of deprivation and disturbances in attachment behavior. In addition, a minority of children who experienced severe early deprivation were classified as avoidant, secure, or dependent using conventional classification strategies, despite also exhibiting atypical patterns of attachment behaviors, and this was also more likely among children exposed to prolonged deprivation. The results raise both theoretical and methodological implications for attachment research on very deprived children. PMID:12848433

O'Connor, Thomas G; Marvin, Robert S; Rutter, Michael; Olrick, Jeffrey T; Britner, Preston A

2003-01-01

127

The Maths File Game Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Broadcasting Corporation offers this great collection of fun, educational games that help children learn basic concepts of mathematics. Twelve interactive games are available in all, illustrating principles of data handling, numbers, algebra, and measurement. Children can practice interpreting Cartesian coordinates by guiding a space ship across a grid, or compete with an animated character in a test of fractions and percentages. In addition to the online games, several other activities are presented in one-page documents for easy printing.

2007-12-12

128

Attachment Disorders: Review and Current Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental research on attachment has flourished in the past 15 years (C. H. Zeanah, 1996). However, there has been relatively scant empirical investigation of disorders in attachment. In this article, the pertinent developmental research on the attachment cycle is delineated and the current status of disordered attachment is examined. A particular focus is given to the conceptualization of the most

Samantha L. Wilson

2001-01-01

129

NEUROENDOCRINE PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL ATTACHMENT AND LOVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review existing behavioral and neuroendocrine perspectives on social attachment and love. Both love and social attachments function to facilitate reproduction, provide a sense of safety, and reduce anxiety or stress. Because social attachment is an essential component of love, understanding attachment formation is an important step toward identifying the neurobiological substrates of love.

C. Sue Carter

1998-01-01

130

Attachment styles as predictors of empathy in nursing students  

PubMed Central

Previous studies have traced a relationship between the attachment styles of nurses working as in healthcare teams and their empathy which is an essential characteristic required of people concerned with managing relationships, supporting social events, and improving the of nurse-patient relationships. Since determining the effective variables in the quality of nurse-patient relationships in clinical settings is of paramount importance, current investigation is an effort to examine the relationship between attachment styles and empathy in nursing students. 260 university students (male = 130 and female = 130) were chosen as the sample of the study based upon specific inclusion criteria. All participants completed the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). Data was collected and analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis with SPSS (v.18). The results showed that secure and insecure attachment styles have significant positive and negative correlation with empathy respectively. Based on the results of regression analysis, it was shown that secure attachment style is predicting 53% of the variance empathy variable, whereas insecure attachment styles are explaining up to 76% of the variance empathy variable collectively. The increase of attention to instructions that focus on empathetic relationships with patients and that are based upon the secure attachment style can result in positive changes in the area of nurse-patient relations and in increasing attention to medical ethics. Findings are consistent with prediction derived from attachment theory and add to our understanding of relationship between attachment styles with empathy in nursing students. The meaning and limitations of this study and suggestions for further research are also discussed. PMID:23908761

Khodabakhsh, Mohammadreza

2012-01-01

131

9. VIEW SHOWING JUNCTION OF CONCRETE EAST APPROACH SPAN WITH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. VIEW SHOWING JUNCTION OF CONCRETE EAST APPROACH SPAN WITH STEEL SPAN, LOOKING NORTH. NOTE ROCKING CAST STEEL SHOE ATTACHED TO PIER TO ALLOW FOR EXPANSION OF STEEL SPAN - Jensen Bridge, Spanning Green River at Town of Jensen, Jensen, Uintah County, UT

132

25. View is the side of pier #6 showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. View is the side of pier #6 - showing the junction of the last pony truss and the first through truss. Note the way the end posts are attached this pier extension. For a top view of this, see CA-22. - Weidemeyer Bridge, Spanning Thomes Creek at Rawson Road, Corning, Tehama County, CA

133

View of north section of bridge shows east girder as ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of north section of bridge shows east girder as it attaches to north concrete abutment. Note expansion rocker shoe. - Raging River Bridge No. 234A, Preston-Fall City Road & Southeast Forty-fourth Place, Fall City, King County, WA

134

11. CLOSEUP VIEW OF NORTHEAST SIDE OF BRIDGE DECK SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. CLOSE-UP VIEW OF NORTHEAST SIDE OF BRIDGE DECK SHOWING TOP OF PIER, EXPANSION JOINT IN CURB AND ATTACHED TELEPHONE CABLE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - Escalante River Bridge, Spanning Escalante River at State Route 12, 9.5 miles East of Escalante, Escalante, Garfield County, UT

135

16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. VIEW OF TYPICAL MAIN GIRDER WELDED 'BUTT SPLICE,' SHOWING THE 'EYE PLATES' AND THE ATTACHMENT OF THE SIDEWALK CANTILEVER BRACKETS, NORTH GIRDER, PANEL 5, LOOKING SOUTHEAST Ryan & Harms - Benton Street Bridge, Spanning Iowa River at Benton Street, Iowa City, Johnson County, IA

136

The contribution of social rank and attachment theory to depression in a non clinical sample of adolescents.  

PubMed

This study explores the relative contribution of the overall quality of attachment to the mother, to the father and to peers (Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment scales), the style of attachment towards peers (Attachment Questionnaire for Children scale), the social rank variables (submissive behavior and social comparison), and sex and age variables in predicting the depression score (Center of Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) on a non-psychiatric sample of 13-18 year old adolescents (n = 225). Results of our integrated model (adjusted R-Square of .50) show that attachment variables (overall quality of attachment to the father and to the mother), social rank variables (social comparison and submissive behavior), age and sex are important in predicting depressive symptoms during adolescence. Moreover, the attachment to peers variables (quality of attachment to peers, secure and ambivalent style of attachment) and sex are mediated by the social rank variables (social comparison and submissive behavior). PMID:22059328

Puissant, Sylvia Pinna; Gauthier, Jean-Marie; Van Oirbeek, Robin

2011-11-01

137

Sex differences, parental attachment, and juvenile delinquency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between parental attachment and delinquent behavior among adolescents between the ages\\u000a of 13 and 18. 133 subjects completed self-report questionnaire packets, which included a demographic survey, an attachment\\u000a inventory (assessing parental attachment and attachment to the father and mother separately), and a delinquency questionnaire.\\u000a The relationship between sex, delinquency level, and attachment score was statistically

Stacey M. Nelson; Stephen Rubin

1997-01-01

138

Page 1 of 8 Statistical tables are attached  

E-print Network

a drug for reducing blood pressure in patients with a high systolic blood pressure, two groups of 25 patients were compared. The estimated mean difference in systolic blood pressure between the new treatment-test is 0.275. A 5 mmHg reduction in systolic blood pressure is considered to be a clinically worthwhile

Sidorov, Nikita

139

Enhancing Attachment Organization Among Maltreated Children: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Young children who have experienced early adversity are at risk for developing disorganized attachments. An intervention, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC), was developed that very specifically targets nurturing, sensitive care among the parents identified as being at risk for neglecting their young children, with the aim of decreasing disorganized attachment. The ABC intervention consists of 10 parent-child sessions conducted in families’ homes. The present study assessed the efficacy of this intervention through a randomized clinical trial in which parents with Child Protective Services involvement were assigned to the experimental intervention or to a control intervention (DEF). Attachment quality was assessed for 120 children in the Strange Situation. Children in the ABC intervention showed significantly lower rates of disorganized attachment (32%) and higher rates of secure attachment (52%) relative to the control intervention (57% and 33%, respectively). These results support the efficacy of the ABC intervention in enhancing attachment quality among parents at high risk for maltreatment. PMID:22239483

Bernard, Kristin; Dozier, Mary; Bick, Johanna; Lewis-Morrarty, Erin; Lindhiem, Oliver; Carlson, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

140

8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Photocopy of printed page (original Page 30 of the Souvenir Program 1867-1967 Ridgely Centennial) Photographer unknown. Circa 1967. VIEW NORTHEAST, SOUTHWEST FRONT Ridgely's centennial was celebrated in 1967 and included in the souvenir brochure was page 30. This view shows the subject building with the 1950 modifications to provide for automotive traffic. It was a print of a current photograph. - 510 Central Avenue (Commercial Building), Ridgely, Caroline County, MD

141

Landsat 7 Images Show Scale of Tsunami Damage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA page shows before and after pictures taken by Landsat 7's Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument of a part of the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The images show that the scale of the tsunami's impact can be seen from space.

NASA

142

Tourette syndrome is associated with insecure attachment and higher aggression.  

PubMed

This study explored the degree to which adult patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) exhibit particular attachment styles and the possible association between the underlying attachment dimensions and forms of aggression. Fifty-three TS patients (ages 17-72 years) and 54 matched healthy controls completed the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Scale (ECR-R) and the Aggression Questionnaire (AQ). The data were analysed with ANOVA F-tests, t-tests, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. TS patients showed significantly higher scores in relationship anxiety (?p < 0.001) and relationship avoidance (?p = 0.001) in the ECR-R and significantly higher aggression scores in the AQ (?p < 0.001). The total AQ score correlated significantly with the ECR-R dimension anxiety (?p < 0.001). These are the first findings on TS patients' attachment styles and anger symptoms. It remains unclear whether attachment anxiety and avoidance are risk factors for TS or whether the disorder itself induces attachment disorders. Prospective studies with detailed attachment interviews would help to explore this issue. PMID:25185020

Dehning, Sandra; Burger, Max B; Krause, Daniela; Jobst, Andrea; Yundina, Elena; Müller, Norbert; Meyer, Sebastian; Zill, Peter; Buchheim, Anna

2014-09-01

143

Attachment and panic disorder.  

PubMed

A dysfunctional relationship between parents and children can influence cognitive and emotional development and contribute to the development of psychiatric disorders, particularly panic disorder (PD). With the aim of exploring childhood experiences of parenting in PD patients, we compared subjectively perceived climate and objective recall by administering the Parental Bonding Instrument and 10 adjunctive items to 22 out-patients and 22 matched controls. Our analysis showed that DSM-III-R-diagnosed PD patients reported their parents to be significantly less caring than did the control group, while there was no significant difference in objective recall of parenting experiences. PMID:12590193

Pacchierotti, Claudia; Bossini, Letizia; Castrogiovanni, Andrea; Pieraccini, Fulvio; Soreca, Isabella; Castrogiovanni, Paolo

2002-01-01

144

Preventive Interventions and Sustained Attachment Security in Maltreated Children  

PubMed Central

Thirteen-month-old maltreated infants (n = 137) and their mothers were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: child-parent psychotherapy (CPP), psychoeducational parenting intervention (PPI), and community standard (CS). A fourth group of nonmaltreated infants (n =52) and their mothers served as a normative comparison (NC) group. A prior investigation found that the CPP and PPI groups demonstrated substantial increases in secure attachment at post-intervention, whereas this change was not found in the CS and NC groups. The current investigation involved the analysis of data obtained at a follow-up assessment that occurred 12-months after the completion of treatment. At follow-up, children in the CPP group had higher rates of secure and lower rates of disorganized attachment than did children in the PPI or CS groups. Rates of disorganized attachment did not differ between the CPP and NC groups. Intention-to-treat analyses (ITT) also showed higher rates of secure attachment at follow-up in the CPP group relative to the PPI and CS groups. However, groups did not differ on disorganized attachment. Both primary and ITT analyses demonstrated that maternal reported child behavior problems did not differ among the four groups at the follow-up assessment. This is the first investigation to demonstrate sustained attachment security in maltreated children 12 months after the completion of an attachment theory-informed intervention. Findings also suggest that, while effective in the short term, parenting interventions alone may not be effective in maintaining secure attachment in children over time. PMID:24229539

Stronach, Erin Pickreign; Toth, Sheree L.; Rogosch, Fred; Cicchetti, Dante

2013-01-01

145

Deconstructing Network Attached Storage systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Network Attached Storage (NAS) has been gaining general acceptance, because it can be managed easily and files shared among many clients, which run different operating systems. The advent of Gigabit Ethernet and high speed transport protocols further facilitates the wide adoption of NAS. A distinct feature of NAS is that NAS involves both network I\\/O and file I\\/O. This paper

Yuhui Deng

2009-01-01

146

ATTACHMENT #1 MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

POLICY C-9 ATTACHMENT #1 MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF NURSING Preceptor Data Form Preceptor:_________________________________ Years of Practice in Specialty: ______ Areas of Special Interest (e.g. Oncology in Peds, CVA=s in Rehab:____________________________________________________________________ Baccalaureate Degree in Nursing (B.S.N.) from: Date Degree Awarded

Dyer, Bill

147

2013 Goat Shows Show Date Show Name Entries Due Eligibility Weigh In Show Time Contact Phone Extra Info  

E-print Network

2013 Goat Shows Show Date Show Name Entries Due Eligibility Weigh In Show Time Contact Phone Extra/13/2013 Cannon Co. Day of Show Youth Must 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. Carol 615-563-5260 Bring own Jr. Goat $1.00 a head Control 10 a.m. Melton Bedding Association Goat 7/20/2013 Overton Co. Day of Show Youth Before 5 p.m. 6

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

148

Attachment styles in children affected by migraine without aura  

PubMed Central

Background In recent years, great attention has been given to the presence of psychological problems and psychiatric comorbidity that are also present in children affected by primary headaches. The relationship between pain and attachment has been identified, and it may be that pain perception may change in relation with specific attachment styles. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalent attachment style and verify its putative relationship and correlation with the main characteristics of migraine attacks, in school-aged children affected by migraine without aura (MoA). Materials and methods The study population consisted of 219 children (103 males, 116 females) aged between 6 and 11 years (mean 8.96 ± 2.14 years), consecutively referred for MoA compared with 381 healthy controls (174 males, 207 females; mean age 9.01 ± 1.75 years) randomly selected from schools. All the children were classified according to the attachment typologies of the Italian modified version of the Separation Anxiety Test; monthly headache frequency and mean headache duration were assessed from daily headache diaries kept by all the children. Headache intensity was assessed on a visual analog scale. The chi-square test and t-test, where appropriate, were applied, and the Spearman rank correlation test was applied to explore the relationship between the types of attachment style and clinical aspects of MoA. Results The MoA group showed a significantly higher prevalence of type A (avoidant) attachment (P<0.001) and a significantly lower prevalence of type B (secure) attachment (P<0.001) compared with the control group. Moreover, the Spearman rank correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between MoA characteristics and the attachment style of MoA children. Conclusion The main findings of the present study were the higher prevalence among MoA children of the avoidant attachment style (type A) and the significantly lower prevalence of the secure style attachment (type B) compared with the normal controls, suggesting that the study of psychiatric comorbidity in pediatric headache may be enriched by this new aspect of analysis. PMID:24124370

Esposito, Maria; Parisi, Lucia; Gallai, Beatrice; Marotta, Rosa; Di Dona, Anna; Lavano, Serena Marianna; Roccella, Michele; Carotenuto, Marco

2013-01-01

149

Reactive attachment disorder—a theoretical model beyond attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite its importance in public health, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is an under-researched and little used clinical\\u000a category. Abnormalities of social relatedness have long been documented in children who have been abused, neglected or institutionalised,\\u000a but there have been more recent efforts to define these behaviours within the psychiatric nosology. There has been an implicit\\u000a assumption that the central deficit

Helen Minnis; Helen Marwick; Julie Arthur; Alexis McLaughlin

2006-01-01

150

Soccer Tournament ELI Talent Show  

E-print Network

Highlights Soccer Tournament ELI Talent Show Notes from your Teachers Notes from the Office very quickly! ELI Talent Show As you probably already know, the ELI is going to have its second annual Talent Show. The talent show is open to ELI students, faculty, staff, and LAs. Acts can include

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

151

Attachment-based family therapy interventions.  

PubMed

Attachment-Based Family Therapy is a treatment model designed specifically for depressed and suicidal adolescents. The primary goal of the treatment is to promote developmentally appropriate adolescent-parent attachment. Three core interventions are discussed: relational reframes; focusing on primary emotions and unmet attachment needs; and facilitating corrective attachment episodes. For each intervention, the theoretical/clinical rationale is presented followed by a brief illustration and relevant research findings. PMID:24059739

Diamond, Gary M

2014-03-01

152

Aggressive children's memory for attachment relevant information  

E-print Network

of the infant-caregiver relationship, but as the child develops and expands his or her social network, attachment experiences can also occur within other important relationships. Patterns of attachment behavior, therefore, develop across an individual...?s infancy, childhood, and adolescence. During early attachment experiences, an infant receives feedback from the caregiver?s 7 reactions and responsiveness to his or her attachment behaviors, then subsequently modifies his or her behavior...

Collie, Claire Futamase

2004-09-30

153

A comparative analysis of the attachment of Leptospira interrogans and L. borgpetersenii to mammalian cells.  

PubMed

Leptospirosis, the world's most ubiquitous zoonosis, is caused by pathogenic Leptospira. As microbe-host interactions are specific in pathogenesis, it is likely that there are several molecules mediating the attachment of the Leptospira to mammalian cells. In this study, we analysed the attachment of Leptospira interrogans serovar Portlandvere and Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Jules to untreated HEp-2 cells or HEp-2 cells treated with the various enzymes, lectins or sugars and to integrins ?V?3 and ?5?1, relative to control wells. We found that both serovars bound equally well to HEp-2 cells; however, serovar Jules showed a higher level of attachment to integrins. Both serovars showed an increase in attachment to HEp-2 cells coated with lectins peanut agglutinin, Ulex europaeus agglutinin, soybean agglutinin and Erythrina cristagalli agglutinin (p < 0.05); in the case of Concanavalin A, Jules showed an increase, while Portlandvere showed a significant decrease in attachment. Trypsinizing monolayers resulted in a decrease in attachment for both serovars, while when chondroitinase, neuraminidase and heparinase were used an increase in attachment was recorded. Leptospires coated with sugars showed a decrease in attachment. These results show that serovar Jules' general greater affinity for the mediators examined may suggest a greater potential for virulence over serovar Portlandvere. PMID:22409511

Andrade, Gabrielle I; Brown, Paul D

2012-06-01

154

Reactive Attachment Disorder: Recommendations for School Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a case study, explores a unique counseling relationship. Examines how the quality of parent-child attachment and care of a child during the formative preschool years affects interpersonal relationship skills and school adjustment. Discusses reactive attachment disorders, the pervasiveness of attachment disorders, and recommendations for…

Hayes, Susanna H.

1997-01-01

155

Adult attachment insecurity and hippocampal cell density  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent findings associate attachment insecurity (assessed as levels of attachment anxiety and avoidance) with poor emotion regulation. In turn, emotion regulation has been shown to be associated with hippocampus (HC) functioning and structure. Clinical disorders such as depression and PTSD, which have been previously associated with attachment insecurity, are also known to be linked with reduced hippocampal cell density. This

Markus Quirin; Omri Gillath; Jens C. Pruessner; Lucas D. Eggert

2009-01-01

156

Environmental and genetic influences on early attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment theory predicts and subsequent empirical research has amply demonstrated that individual variations in patterns of early attachment behaviour are primarily influenced by differences in sensitive responsiveness of caregivers. However, meta-analyses have shown that parenting behaviour accounts for about one third of the variance in attachment security or disorganisation. The exclusively environmental explanation has been challenged by results demonstrating some,

Judit Gervai

2009-01-01

157

Adolescents' Attachment and Coping with Stress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how high school students cope with stress as a function of their attachment style. Data were gathered from 75 adolescent-parent pairs in Texas and included measures of attachment, coping style, life stress, and whom the respondent would turn to in times of stress. Adolescents' attachment security was positively related to…

Howard, Michelle S.; Medway, Frederic J.

2004-01-01

158

Genetic and Environmental Influence on Attachment Disorganization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Empirical studies demonstrate that maternal sensitivity is associated with attachment security in infancy, while maternal frightening/frightened behavior is related to attachment disorganization. However, attachment disorganization is also predicted by individual dispositions in infancy. Indeed, recent studies indicate a link between…

Spangler, Gottfried; Johann, Monika; Ronai, Zsolt; Zimmermann, Peter

2009-01-01

159

Attachment Style and Mentoring Relationships in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between adolescents' attachment style and their decision to enter mentoring relationships. The participants were 569 Greek Cypriot high school students. It was found that adolescents who have a mentor are more secure in their attachment than those who do not. Girls with low scores in secure attachment do not…

Georgiou, Stelios N.; Demetriou, Andreas P.; Stavrinides, Panayiotis

2008-01-01

160

Oxytocin enhances the experience of attachment security.  

PubMed

Repeated interactions between infant and caregiver result in either secure or insecure relationship attachment patterns, and insecure attachment may affect individual emotion-regulation and health. Given that oxytocin enhances social approach behavior in animals and humans, we hypothesized that oxytocin might also promote the subjective experience of attachment security in humans. Within a 3-week interval, 26 healthy male students classified with an insecure attachment pattern were invited twice to an experimental session. At the beginning of each experiment, a single dose of oxytocin or placebo was administered intranasally, using a double-blind, placebo-controlled within-subject design. In both conditions, subjects completed an attachment task based on the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP). Thirty-two AAP picture system presentations depicted attachment-related events (e.g. illness, solitude, separation, and loss), and were each accompanied by four prototypical phrases representing one secure and three insecure attachment categories. In the oxytocin condition, a significant proportion of these insecure subjects (N=18; 69%) increased in their rankings of the AAP prototypical "secure attachment" phrases and decreased in overall ranking of the "insecure attachment" phrases. In particular, there was a significant decrease in the number of subjects ranking the pictures with "insecure-preoccupied" phrases from the placebo to the oxytocin condition. We find that a single dose of intranasally administered oxytocin is sufficient to induce a significant increase in the experience of attachment security in insecurely attached adults. PMID:19457618

Buchheim, Anna; Heinrichs, Markus; George, Carol; Pokorny, Dan; Koops, Eva; Henningsen, Peter; O'Connor, Mary-Frances; Gündel, Harald

2009-10-01

161

Attachment Styles and Male Sex Addiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the adult romantic attachment styles of sexually addicted men. The Sexual Addiction Screening Test and the Experiences in Close Relationships Revised were used to determine the presence of a sexual addiction and the participants' style of romantic attachment. ANOVA revealed that sexually addicted men are more likely to relate with insecure attachment styles. Specifically, sexually addicted men

James L. Zapf; Jay Greiner; James Carroll

2008-01-01

162

Attachment-security priming attenuates amygdala activation to social and linguistic threat.  

PubMed

A predominant expectation that social relationships with others are safe (a secure attachment style), has been linked with reduced threat-related amygdala activation. Experimental priming of mental representations of attachment security can modulate neural responding, but the effects of attachment-security priming on threat-related amygdala activation remains untested. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, the present study examined the effects of trait and primed attachment security on amygdala reactivity to threatening stimuli in an emotional faces and a linguistic dot-probe task in 42 healthy participants. Trait attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance were positively correlated with amygdala activation to threatening faces in the control group, but not in the attachment primed group. Furthermore, participants who received attachment-security priming showed attenuated amygdala activation in both the emotional faces and dot-probe tasks. The current findings demonstrate that variation in state and trait attachment security modulates amygdala reactivity to threat. These findings support the potential use of attachment security-boosting methods as interventions and suggest a neural mechanism for the protective effect of social bonds in anxiety disorders. PMID:25326039

Norman, Luke; Lawrence, Natalia; Iles, Andrew; Benattayallah, Abdelmalek; Karl, Anke

2014-10-17

163

Examining Relations among Attachment, Religiosity, and New Age Spirituality Using the Adult Attachment Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was the first to examine relations between attachment and religion-spirituality in adults using a developmentally validated attachment assessment, the Adult Attachment Interview. Security of attachment was expected to be linked to a religiosity-spirituality that is socially based on the parental relationships and reflects extrapolation…

Granqvist, Pehr; Ivarsson, Tord; Broberg, Anders G.; Hagekull, Berit

2007-01-01

164

Dissociative electron attachment to DNA.  

PubMed

Electron-stimulated desorption of anions from thin films of linear and supercoiled DNA is investigated in the range 3-20 eV. Resonant structures are observed with maxima at 9.4+/-0.3, 9.2+/-0.3, and 9.2+/-0.3 eV, respectively, in the yield dependence of H-, O-, and OH- on the incident electron energy. Their formation is attributed to dissociative electron attachment. PMID:12785930

Pan, X; Cloutier, P; Hunting, D; Sanche, L

2003-05-23

165

Efficient Management of Multimedia Attachments  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In a modern heterogeneous environment, where users use a variety of devices such as smart phones, PDAs, and laptops, and a\\u000a variety of network connections such as Wireless LAN, and GPRS to connect to the email system, handling of email and attachment\\u000a messages and ensuring readability becomes an important management challenge. In some cases it is necessary to transcode the

Itai Dabran; Philippe Klein; Danny Raz

2004-01-01

166

Emotional attachment and mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  This article has provided, through reference to recent research, insights into the ways that people are using their mobile\\u000a phones in their everyday lives and in particular it has explored and examined the concept of emotional attachment to the mobile\\u000a phone. In offering some explanations for this seemingly unique behaviour it has highlighted the role of the social groups\\u000a or

Jane Vincent

2006-01-01

167

ELI Talent Show Final Exams  

E-print Network

Highlights ELI Talent Show Final Exams Scholarship Nominees Graduate Admissions Workshop Reminders from the Office Manners, Cultures, & Grammar TheELIWeekly ELI Talent Show It's going to be a blast! Come one, come all! The 2nd Annual ELI Talent Show will be on Tuesday, April 15th

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

168

Identity and intimacy during adolescence: connections among identity styles, romantic attachment and identity commitment.  

PubMed

Integration of adult attachment and psychosocial development theories suggests that adolescence is a time when capacities for romantic intimacy and identity formation are co-evolving. The current study addressed direct, indirect and moderated associations among identity and romantic attachment constructs with a diverse sample of 2178 middle adolescents. Identity styles were found to have unique and direct associations with identity commitment. Attachment anxiety showed only indirect associations and attachment avoidance had both direct and indirect associations with identity commitment. Tests of moderation revealed that gender, race and relationship status had no influence on the direct associations of identity styles or romantic attachment with identity commitment. Few differences in association strength among identity styles and romantic attachment emerged for gender or race. However, the differences found for relationship status suggested that relationship experiences adolescents bring to their exploration of identity and intimacy matter for how these two areas of development articulate. PMID:22503899

Kerpelman, Jennifer L; Pittman, Joe F; Saint-Eloi Cadely, Hans; Tuggle, Felicia J; Harrell-Levy, Marinda K; Adler-Baeder, Francesca M

2012-12-01

169

Taking stock of two decades of attachment transmission gap: broadening the assessment of maternal behavior.  

PubMed

This report aimed to investigate the capacity of maternal behaviors tailored to children's attachment and exploration systems to jointly explain the well-known mother-child transmission of attachment. Four home visits were conducted between ages 7 months and 2 years with 130 mother-child dyads to assess maternal attachment state of mind, sensitivity, autonomy support, and mother-child attachment security. Results showed that together, maternal sensitivity and autonomy support fully accounted for the relation between maternal and child attachment, that they each accounted for a unique portion of this relation, and that the magnitude of these mediated pathways was equivalent. These results suggest that the attachment transmission gap can be narrowed by the use of a theory-driven multidimensional approach to maternal behavior. PMID:24611791

Bernier, Annie; Matte-Gagné, Célia; Bélanger, Marie-Ève; Whipple, Natasha

2014-01-01

170

Adult attachment insecurity and hippocampal cell density.  

PubMed

Recent findings associate attachment insecurity (assessed as levels of attachment anxiety and avoidance) with poor emotion regulation. In turn, emotion regulation has been shown to be associated with hippocampus (HC) functioning and structure. Clinical disorders such as depression and PTSD, which have been previously associated with attachment insecurity, are also known to be linked with reduced hippocampal cell density. This suggests that attachment insecurity may also be associated with reduced hippocampal cell density. We examined this hypothesis using T1 images of 22 healthy young adults. In line with our hypothesis, attachment avoidance was associated with bilateral HC reduction, whereas attachment anxiety was significantly related to reduced cell concentration in the left HC. The findings are compatible with a neurotoxical model of stress-induced cell reduction in the HC, providing further information on emotion regulation abilities among insecurely attached individuals. PMID:20007241

Quirin, Markus; Gillath, Omri; Pruessner, Jens C; Eggert, Lucas D

2010-03-01

171

Attachment-related biases in adolescents' memory.  

PubMed

Attachment theorists propose that individuals' internal working models influence their social information processing. This study explored links between attachment representations and social information processing by examining adolescents' (n = 189; Mage  = 16.5 years) attachment-related memory biases. Participants completed laboratory tasks assessing memory for (a) emotionally salient childhood events, (b) adjectives describing their parents, and (c) generalized parent-related characteristics not specific to their own parents. As expected, dismissing attachment (assessed using the Adult Attachment Interview) was linked across tasks to a deactivating strategy in which memory for emotional childhood events and attachment-relevant stimuli was reduced. In contrast, evidence that preoccupied attachment was linked to a hyperactivating strategy in which memory was heightened emerged only in relation to emotional childhood events. PMID:25040922

Dykas, Matthew J; Woodhouse, Susan S; Jones, Jason D; Cassidy, Jude

2014-01-01

172

The Effect of Fathers’ Training Regarding Attachment Skills on Maternal-Fetal Attachments among Primigravida Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background: Fathers’ cooperation has been less taken into account in the process of pregnancy. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of training the fathers regarding attachment skills on maternal-fetal attachment in primigravida women in 2013. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was performed on 150 qualified pregnant women’s husbands. The intervention group took part in four 90-minute sessions of maternal-fetal attachment training held once a week. On the other hand, the control group received the routine pregnancy care. Both groups completed Spielberger’s anxiety scale and Cranley’s questionnaire before and after the intervention. Then, the data were analyzed using paired and independent t-test. Besides, P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The intervention group’s mean score of attachment was 55.98±6.99 and 61.90±5.41 before and after the intervention, respectively. The results of paired t-test revealed a significant difference between the intervention and the control group regarding their mean scores of attachment before and one month after the intervention (P<0.001). Additionally, the results of independent t-test showed a significant difference between the two groups regarding the five dimensions of the questionnaire, namely interaction with the baby (P<0.001), acceptance of maternal role (P<0.001), differentiation between oneself and the baby (P<0.001), attribution of some features to the baby (P=0.01), and self-devotion (P=0.01). Conclusion: Training the fathers regarding the attachment behaviors and skills led to an increase in the maternal-fetal attachment scores. Thus, paternal training should be considered in pregnancy care programs. Trial Registration Number: IRCT2012091910886N1 PMID:25349869

Akbarzade, Marzieh; Setodeh, Sara; Sharif, Farkhondeh; Zare, Najaf

2014-01-01

173

Attachment Perspectives on Classroom Relationships: Helping Ourselves through Helping Others?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: Recent research showing complex interactions between personality, experience, expectancies, values and career choice indicate that a prospective psychodynamic approach, via attachment theory, may yield important complementary motivational information. In this study, an unconscious need for a corrective emotional experience (CEE) driving the…

Riley, Philip

2012-01-01

174

Continuing Bonds, Attachment Style, and Adjustment in the Conjugal Bereavement among Hong Kong Chinese  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the effects of attachment style and continuing bonds, defined as the extent to which a bereaved individual feels that the deceased remains a part of his/her life, on post bereavement adjustment among 71 conjugally bereaved individuals. It was shown that bereaved individuals with an anxious attachment style tended to show

Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Chan, Ide S. F.; Ma, Ernie P. W.; Field, Nigel P.

2013-01-01

175

Chinese Christians in America: Attachment to God, Stress, and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether attachment to God moderated the relation between perceived stress and well-being (i.e., life satisfaction and positive affect) among 183 Chinese Christian international students and immigrants. Results showed significant main effects of (a) perceived stress on life satisfaction and (b) secure attachment to God and…

Wei, Meifen; Ku, Tsun-Yao; Chen, Hwei-Jane; Wade, Nathaniel; Liao, Kelly Yu-Hsin; Guo, Gwo-Jen

2012-01-01

176

Correlates of the Randolph Attachment Disorder Questionnaire (RADQ) in a Sample of Children in Foster Placement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined mental health and attachment problems in children in foster care. This study also obtained data concerning the validity of the Randolph Attachment Disorder Questionnaire (RADQ). Children were selected according to length of time in placement and age and screened for mental health symptoms using the Child Behavior Checklist and the RADQ. The findings showed that children in

Gordon G. Cappelletty; Melissa Mackie Brown; Sarah E. Shumate

2005-01-01

177

An Investigation of Interpersonal Problem Solving Approaches with Respect to Attachment Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate interpersonal problem solving approaches with respect to attachment styles. The participants were 554 (279 female and 275 male) university students. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis were used. The results of the study showed that the attachment styles of…

Arslan, Emel; Arslan, Coskun; Ari, Ramazan

2012-01-01

178

Planning a Successful Tech Show  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tech shows are a great way to introduce prospective students, parents, and local business and industry to a technology and engineering or career and technical education program. In addition to showcasing instructional programs, a tech show allows students to demonstrate their professionalism and skills, practice public presentations, and interact…

Nikirk, Martin

2011-01-01

179

Optically enhanced electron attachment by p-benzoquinone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relative rate of formation of long-lived parent anions in p-benzoquinone (BQ) by attachment of electrons with energies between 0 and 3 eV has been measured at an energy resolution of roughly 50 meV using a trochoidal electron monochromator-based electron impact negative ion mass spectrometer. A comparison of measurements taken near 0 eV shows an increase of the order of 105 in the attachment cross-section for BQ molecules excited by UV/visible light from a xenon arc lamp over that of ground state molecules. Resonances in attachment by ground state molecules are observed at impact energies of approximately 0.8, 1.0, and 1.3 eV. Negative ion resonances exhibited in the transmitted electron current corroborate these observations. Comparison is made with the results of previous work.

Gordon, R. L.; Sieglaff, D. R.; Rutherford, G. H.; Stricklett, K. L.

1997-10-01

180

Attaching quantum dots to HER2 specific phage antibodies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents the results of the attachment of Qdot 655 ITKTM amino (PEG) quantum dots (QDs) (Invitrogen) and CdTe QDs (provided by Institute of Materials Science, VAST) to HER2 (Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor 2) specific phage antibodies (Abs) (provided by Institute of Biotechnology, VAST) in solution. The QDs were attached to the phage display specific HER2 Abs to form a complex QD–Ab. The QDs and complex QD–Ab were characterized by UV-VIS spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and fluorescence microscopy. The fluorescence images show the QDs conjugated to the phage. Due to the QDs attaching to the surface, the phage dimensions were amplified, so its shape could be observed by optical microscopy. The complex QD–Ab was stable and lasted for a month. The results illustrate the value of the HER2 phage–QD complex as a cancer detection platform.

Chu, Viet Ha; Nghiem, Thi Ha Lien; Huyen La, Thi; Dieu Thuy Ung, Thi; Huan Le, Quang; Thuan Tong, Kim; Liem Nguyen, Quang; Nhung Tran, Hong

2010-06-01

181

Promoting a secure attachment: A primary prevention practice model.  

PubMed

It is increasingly recognized that early sensitive care-giving predicts a secure attachment in infancy and early childhood.This preliminary report details the development, implementation and evaluation of a clinical programme that used a targeted prevention approach following a universally-offered screening of parent-infant interactions. The CARE-Index was used to assign dyads to low, medium and high risk groups, and interventions - featuring reflective videotape-based feedback - were tailored to each risk group in order to increase maternal sensitivity and improve infant attachment status. Results showed improved maternal sensitivity in the intervention conditions compared to comparisons. In addition, infants in the intervention conditions were significantly more likely to be classified as secure, and significantly less likely to be classified as having DMM complex attachment strategies. Methodological shortcomings, however, mean that these findings should be regarded as tentative. PMID:20603424

Svanberg, P O; Mennet, Lisa; Spieker, Susan

2010-07-01

182

Anorexia and attachment: dysregulated defense and pathological mourning  

PubMed Central

The role of defensive exclusion (Deactivation and Segregated Systems) in the development of early relationships and related to subsequent manifestations of symptoms of eating disorders was assessed using the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP). Fifty-one DSM-IV diagnosed women with anorexia participated in the study. Anorexic patients were primarily classified as dismissing or unresolved. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of defensive exclusion were carried out. Results showed potential benefits of using the AAP defense exclusion coding system, in addition to the main attachment classifications, in order to better understand the developmental issues involved in anorexia. Discussion concerned the processes, such as pathological mourning, that may underlie the associations between dismissing and unresolved attachment and anorexia. Implications for developmental research and clinical nosology are discussed. PMID:25389412

Delvecchio, Elisa; Di Riso, Daniela; Salcuni, Silvia; Lis, Adriana; George, Carol

2014-01-01

183

Reactive attachment disorder--a theoretical model beyond attachment.  

PubMed

Despite its importance in public health, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is an under-researched and little used clinical category. Abnormalities of social relatedness have long been documented in children who have been abused, neglected or institutionalised, but there have been more recent efforts to define these behaviours within the psychiatric nosology. There has been an implicit assumption that the central deficit in RAD is in the attachment system, but this has caused controversy and may have blocked research. We propose that RAD is better construed within the framework of intersubjectivity, which has a central role in the development of core brain and social functions and may also have had an important role in the evolution of a key human characteristic-complex social functioning. This broader framework may potentially explain apparently diverse symptoms such as indiscriminate friendliness and negative or unpredictable reunion responses. Finally, we suggest that a change of name may be useful in progressing the field, but accept that this may be difficult until there is better agreement in the clinical and scientific communities about the core features and aetiology of this disorder. PMID:16685475

Minnis, Helen; Marwick, Helen; Arthur, Julie; McLaughlin, Alexis

2006-09-01

184

Assessing Attachment Security With the Attachment Q Sort: Meta-Analytic Evidence for the Validity of the Observer AQS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reliability and validity of the Attachment Q Sort (AQS; Waters & Deane, 1985) was tested in a series of meta-analyses on 139 studies with 13,835 children. The observer AQS security score showed convergent validity with Strange Situation procedure (SSP) security (r=31) and excellent predictive validity with sensitivity measures (r=39). Its…

van I Jzendoorn,Marinus H.; Vereijken, Carolus M.J.L.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Riksen-Walraven, Marianne J.

2004-01-01

185

Using Graphs to Show Connections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this resource is to show how graphs of GLOBE data over time show the interconnectedness of Earth's system components at the local level. Students visit a study site, where they observe and recall their existing knowledge of air, water, soil, and living things to make a list of interconnections among the four Earth system components. They make predictions about the effects of a change in a system, inferring ways these changes affect the characteristics of other related components.

The GLOBE Program, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

2003-08-01

186

Preferential attachment with partial information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a preferential attachment model for network growth where new entering nodes have a partial information about the state of the network. Our main result is that the presence of bounded information modifies the degree distribution by introducing an exponential tail, while it preserves a power law behaviour over a finite small range of degrees. On the other hand, unbounded information is sufficient to let the network grow as in the standard Barabási-Albert model. Surprisingly, the latter feature holds true also when the fraction of known nodes goes asymptotically to zero. Analytical results are compared to direct simulations.

Carletti, Timoteo; Gargiulo, Floriana; Lambiotte, Renaud

2015-01-01

187

DNA attachment to support structures  

DOEpatents

Microscopic beads or other structures are attached to nucleic acids (DNA) using a terminal transferase. The transferase adds labeled dideoxy nucleotide bases to the ends of linear strands of DNA. The labels, such as the antigens digoxigenin and biotin, bind to the antibody compounds or other appropriate complementary ligands, which are bound to the microscopic beads or other support structures. The method does not require the synthesis of a synthetic oligonucleotide probe. The method can be used to tag or label DNA even when the DNA has an unknown sequence, has blunt ends, or is a very large fragment (e.g., >500 kilobase pairs).

Balhorn, Rodney L. (Livermore, CA); Barry, Christopher H. (Fresno, CA)

2002-01-01

188

NASA Hurricane Resource Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) hurricane resource page includes the latest news stories from the extraordinary hurricane season of 2005, feature articles, satellite images and biographies of NASA hurricane experts. Two features of this page are a re-creation of the storm season with satellite images of all of the major storms of the season and a satellite image of Katrina showing it from development through landfall. This site also includes links to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) hurricane resources.

2007-12-12

189

Factors Affecting Attachment in International Adoptees at 6 Months Post Adoption  

PubMed Central

This pilot study examined the effect of five child and maternal factors on the attachment security of international adoptees at six months post adoption. Results from the sample of 22 adoptive mother-infant dyads showed that age at adoption, developmental status, length and quality of preadoption care, and maternal attachment representations were not significant predictors of child attachment status. The number of preadoption placements and the child's stress level did significantly predict attachment status, accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in attachment security. Number of preadoption placements uniquely contributed 14% of that variance (p=.007) while stress level uniquely contributed 12% (p=.01). Children who had fewer preadoption placements had higher attachment security; similarly, children who had lower stress levels had higher attachment security. Results suggest that consistency of preadoption care was more important than its length or quality. Further, the relationship between stress level and attachment security raises the possibility that a lower stress level functions as a protective factor for the developing attachment with the adoptive mother. PMID:22267885

Weiss, Sandra

2011-01-01

190

Change in attachment insecurity is related to improved outcomes 1-year post group therapy in women with binge eating disorder.  

PubMed

An interpersonal model of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) posits that difficulties with social functioning precipitate negative affect, which in turn causes binge eating as a means of coping. Thus, long-term decreases in attachment insecurity may be important for women with BED. No research has assessed if long-term change in attachment insecurity is associated with sustained change in other outcomes. In the current study, we hypothesized that changes in attachment anxiety and avoidance will decrease at posttreatment and will be maintained up to 12 months after Group Psychodynamic Interpersonal Psychotherapy (GPIP). We further hypothesized that long-term stability of these changes in attachment insecurity will be related to other long-term outcomes. Women with BED (N = 102) attended 16 sessions of GPIP. Measures were completed pretreatment, posttreatment, at 6 and 12 months follow-up. Attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and the other outcome variables decreased significantly at 12 months posttreatment. Reductions in attachment anxiety and avoidance were significantly related to decreases in interpersonal problems up to 12 months posttreatment, and reduction in attachment anxiety was significantly related to decreases in depressive symptoms 12 months posttreatment. Further, the significant relationship between reduced attachment avoidance and decreased interpersonal problems strengthened over the long term. This is the first study to show an association between change in attachment insecurity and change in other outcomes in the long term, and to show an adaptive spiral in which greater reduction in attachment avoidance is increasingly associated with ongoing improvement of interpersonal problems. PMID:23398032

Maxwell, Hilary; Tasca, Giorgio A; Ritchie, Kerri; Balfour, Louise; Bissada, Hany

2014-03-01

191

[Differences in attachment and personality in children from child guidance centers, child psychiatry units, and control families].  

PubMed

Insecure attachment and deficits in self-regulation as personality traits are risk factors for the development of psychopathological symptoms from infancy on. This study examines differences in attachment and personality in late childhood, comparing children from non-clinical families, from a child guidance center, and child psychiatry units with in-patient care. Children's attachment representations, their attachment behavior strategy, reported distressing parental behavior, their emotional openness, and attachment coherency were assessed with the Late Childhood Attachment Interview (LCAI). Ego-resiliency, ego-undercontrol, field-independence, aggressiveness, and anxiety were assessed by means of the California Child Q-Sort. The results show clear attachment differences, with the child guidance group showing more attachment insecurity in the LCAI compared to the control group, and the psychiatric in-patient group even more attachment insecurity, more distressing parenting from both mother and father, and more attachment disorganization than the other two groups. Whereas children from the child guidance center and the child psychiatry unit did not differ in personality, both groups were significantly different from the control group in all personality dimensions. The results suggest that personality differences may be a risk factor for behaviour problems, however problem severity and the choice of the treatment institution seem to be influenced by attachment security. PMID:23596902

Zimmermann, Peter; Scheuerer-Englisch, Hermann

2013-01-01

192

Dissociative electron attachment studies on acetone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to acetone is studied in terms of the absolute cross section for various fragment channels in the electron energy range of 0-20 eV. H- is found to be the most dominant fragment followed by O- and OH- with only one resonance peak between 8 and 9 eV. The DEA dynamics is studied by measuring the angular distribution and kinetic energy distribution of fragment anions using Velocity Slice Imaging technique. The kinetic energy and angular distribution of H- and O- fragments suggest a many body break-up for the lone resonance observed. The ab initio calculations show that electron is captured in the multi-centered anti-bonding molecular orbital which would lead to a many body break-up of the resonance.

Prabhudesai, Vaibhav S.; Tadsare, Vishvesh; Ghosh, Sanat; Gope, Krishnendu; Davis, Daly; Krishnakumar, E.

2014-10-01

193

Dissociative Electron Attachment to HCCCN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experiments on dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to HCCCN below 12 eV have led predominantly to formation of CCCN^-, CN^-, HCC^- and CC^- negative ions. It has been concluded that these fragments result mainly from the decay of ?*-shape resonant state upon electron attachment that involves distortion of the symmetry of the linear neutral molecule. In order to study the dynamics of dissociation in these channels, we subdivided the molecule into three fragments (H), (CC) and (CN); therefore, four internal coordinates consisting in the distances between the center of masses of (H) and (CC) fragments, (CC) and (CN) fragments, the (H)-(CC) angle and the (CC)-(CN) angle are included in the calculation. We have performed electron scattering calculations using Complex Kohn Variational method to determine the resonance energies and autoionization width for various geometries of the system and construct the complex potential energy surfaces relevant to the metastable HCCCN^-* ion. The nuclear dynamics is treated using the Multiconfiguration Time-Dependent Hartree (MCTDH) formalism and the flux of the propagating wavepacket is used to compute the DEA cross section relevant to 4 channels in question. The results are then compared to the available findings.

Chourou, Slim; Orel, Ann

2009-05-01

194

Dissociative Electron Attachment to HCCCN  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experiments on dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to HCCCN below 12 eV have led predominantly to formation of CCCN^-, CN^-, HCC^- and CC^- negative ions. It has been concluded that these fragments result mainly from the decay of ?*- shape resonant state upon electron attachment that involves distortion of the symmetry of the linear neutral molecule. In order to study the dynamics of dissociation in these channels, we subdivided the molecule into three fragments (H), (CC) and (CN); therefore, three internal coordinates consisting in the distances between the center of masses (H) and (CC) fragments, (CC) and (CN) fragments and the (H)-(CC)-(CN) angle are included in the calculation. We have performed electron scattering calculations using Complex Kohn Variational method to determine the resonance energies and autoionization width for various geometries of the system and construct the complex potential energy surfaces relevant to the metastable HCCCN^-* ion. The nuclear dynamics is treated using the Multiconfiguration Time-Dependent Hartree (MCTDH) formalism and the flux of the propagating wavepacket is used to compute the DEA cross section relevant to 4 channels in question. The results are then compared to the available findings.

Chourou, S. T.; Orel, A. E.

2008-05-01

195

Map showing of UT's Main,  

E-print Network

$ $ Map showing locations of UT's Main, Scott Park, and Health Science Campuses Student Parking HEALTH SCIENCE CAMPUS GLENDALE BANCROFT NEBRASKA DETROIT FERI A NG BUILDING DIRECTORY AC Scott Park..........................................WBReceiving..........................................WB Minority Business Development Ctr....FAMinority Business Development Ctr....FA NorthwestNorthwest State

Viola, Ronald

196

The OOPSLA trivia show (TOOTS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

OOPSLA has a longstanding tradition of being a forum for discussing the cutting edge of technology in a fun and participatory environment. The type of events sponsored by OOPSLA sometimes border on the unconventional. This event represents an atypical panel that conforms to the concept of a game show that is focused on questions and answers related to OOPSLA themes.

Jeff Gray; Douglas C. Schmidt

2009-01-01

197

Diarrheal Disease in Show Swine  

E-print Network

or short-term diarrhea followed by systemic or blood stream infection. E-439 3-07 *Visiting Professor, Swine Practice, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The Texas A&M University System. Diarrheal Disease in Show Swine Bruce Lawhorn...

Lawhorn, D. Bruce

2007-02-27

198

Browse the archive Show summaries  

E-print Network

for consumers? www.fightthepowergrab.o Slide Shows for Physics MathType for science and math presentations that a "fast ignition" laser facility could make a significant contribution to fusion research, as well than magnets to confine the plasma, will be investigated by the National Ignition Facility (NIF

199

SiC Die Attach for High-Temperature Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Eutectic solders AuIn19 and AuGe12 and nanosilver paste were investigated for SiC die attach in high-temperature (300°C) applications. The soldering or sintering conditions were optimized through die shear tests performed at room temperature. In particular, application of static pressure (3.5 MPa) during sintering resulted in greatly improved mechanical behavior of the nanosilver-based joint. Microstructural study of the eutectic solders showed formation of Au-rich grains in AuGe die attach and significant diffusion of Au and In through the Ni layer in AuIn19 die attach, which could lead to formation of intermetallic compounds. Die shear tests versus temperature showed that the behaviors of the studied die attaches are different; nevertheless they present suitable shear strengths required for high-temperature applications. The mechanical behavior of joints under various levels of thermal and mechanical stress was also studied. Creep experiments were carried out on the eutectic solders to describe the thermomechanical behavior of the complete module; only one creep mechanism was observed in the working range.

Drevin-Bazin, A.; Lacroix, F.; Barbot, J.-F.

2013-11-01

200

Vagus nerve stimulation for reactive attachment disorder.  

E-print Network

?? Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is a potential consequence of pervasive neglectful and unpredictable caregiving behaviors, and has extensive psychological and daunting consequences on the… (more)

Forshee, Danielle L.

2014-01-01

201

Molecular mechanisms of kinetochore microtubule attachment  

E-print Network

To ensure equal chromosome segregation during mitosis, the macromolecular kinetochore must remain attached to depolymerizing microtubules, which drive poleward chromosome movement. Microtubules are highly dynamic structures ...

Schmidt, Jens C. (Jens Christopher)

2012-01-01

202

Sine-Bar Attachment For Machine Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sine-bar attachment for collets, spindles, and chucks helps machinists set up quickly for precise angular cuts that require greater precision than provided by graduations of machine tools. Machinist uses attachment to index head, carriage of milling machine or lathe relative to table or turning axis of tool. Attachment accurate to 1 minute or arc depending on length of sine bar and precision of gauge blocks in setup. Attachment installs quickly and easily on almost any type of lathe or mill. Requires no special clamps or fixtures, and eliminates many trial-and-error measurements. More stable than improvised setups and not jarred out of position readily.

Mann, Franklin D.

1988-01-01

203

Attachment and the Child in School. Part I: Attachment Theory and the 'Dependent' Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the framework of attachment theory to describe a behavior pattern, the anxious resistant/ambivalent attachment pattern. Examples from educational practice illustrate the condition. Possible intervention approaches are suggested. (Contains references.) (Author/DB)

Geddes, Heather

2003-01-01

204

ADULT ATTACHMENT AND EXPLORATION: THE EFFECT OF ATTACHMENT STYLE ON THE EXPERIENCE OF EXPLORATION  

E-print Network

and chronic attachment anxiety predicted greater tense mood following the activity and greater anxiety about the activity. In addition, we found that chronic avoidant attachment was related to greater anger following the activity and less happiness following...

Martin, Archibald M.

2010-07-14

205

Childhood Attachment and Adult Attachment in Incarcerated Adult Male Sex Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-eight incarcerated sex offenders were compared with 16 property offenders and 16 nonoffenders on self-report measures of childhood maternal and paternal attachment and adult attachment. The combined sex-offender groups reported significantly less secure maternal, paternal, and adult attachment than did the nonoffenders and significantly less secure maternal attachment than did the property offenders. Intrafamilial child molesters were found to have

STEPHEN W. SMALLBONE; MARK R. DADDS

1998-01-01

206

Attachment and Autism: Parental Attachment Representations and Relational Behaviors in the Parent-Child Dyad  

Microsoft Academic Search

While attachment research has demonstrated that parents’ internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted\\u000a to their children, affecting children’s developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between\\u000a adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with autism and associated neurodevelopmental\\u000a disorders of relating and communicating. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was employed to

Lynn Seskin; Eileen Feliciano; Gil Tippy; Ruby Yedloutschnig; K. Mark Sossin; Anastasia Yasik

2010-01-01

207

Quotations Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sporting a new look and user interface, as well as five hundred new quotations (and a new URL, so check your bookmark file!), this site allows the user to search ten Internet quotation archives for keywords. A new advanced search page offers the choice to search by the text of quotations, author or subject, or all fields; users may search in more than one collection at a time on the advanced search page. The site also provides links to other quotation resources on the Internet, organized by topic. This site is not a replacement for a standard quotation reference source, but rather a constantly expanding selection of quotations available on the Internet. http://www.starlingtech.com/quotes/ Random quotation page: http://www.starlingtech.com/quotes/randquote.cgi

208

Focus+Context Display of Web Pages: Implementation Alternatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an outline processor display of Web pages. We attach icons, called zippers, to the HTML heading tags (H1, H2, ...), and the user can dynamically include or elide the body of each section by clicking on the zipper. We have implemented zippers in three different ways: zippers that are inserted by a custom-built Web browser and that

Marc H. Brown; Hannes Marais; Marc A. Najork; William E. Weihl

1997-01-01

209

Attachment and Autism: Parental Attachment Representations and Relational Behaviors in the Parent-Child Dyad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While attachment research has demonstrated that parents' internal working models of attachment relationships tend to be transmitted to their children, affecting children's developmental trajectories, this study specifically examines associations between adult attachment status and observable parent, child, and dyadic behaviors among children with…

Seskin, Lynn; Feliciano, Eileen; Tippy, Gil; Yedloutschnig, Ruby; Sossin, K. Mark; Yasik, Anastasia

2010-01-01

210

Attachment Representation and Cortisol Response to the Adult Attachment Interview in Idiopathic Spasmodic Torticollis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The study investigates individual differences in the mental representation of attachment and their impact on the cortisol response to psychosocial stress in idiopathic spasmodic torticollis (IST). It was hypothesized (a) that in IST insecure attachment is more prevalent than in a non-clinical control group and (b) that subjects with dismissing attachment respond with higher physiological arousal to a specific

C. E. Scheidt; E. Waller; H. Malchow; U. Ehlert; F. Becker-Stoll; J. Schulte-Mönting; C. H. Lücking

2000-01-01

211

Adult Attachment as a Risk Factor for Intimate Partner Violence : The "Mispairing" of Partners' Attachment Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between intimate partner violence and adult attachment in a sample of 70 couples. The attachment style of each partner and the interaction of the partners' attachment styles were examined as predictors of intimate partner violence. Additional analyses were conducted to examine violence reciprocity and to…

Doumas, Diana M.; Pearson, Christine L.; Elgin, Jenna E.; McKinley, Lisa L.

2008-01-01

212

Putting up emotional (Facebook) walls? Attachment status and emerging adults' experiences of social networking sites.  

PubMed

Social networking sites (SNS) like Facebook can increase interpersonal connections but also intensify jealousy, envy, and surveillance behaviors. Attachment styles may help explain differences in experiencing SNS. This study investigated the role of attachment in influencing emerging adults' perceptions and feelings about SNS and their disclosures on SNS. Disorganized and anxious attachment predicted subjects' use of SNS to avoid more personal face-to-face communication, suggesting individuals with these tendencies use SNS to hold relationships at a psychological arm's distance. Anxious attachment also predicted feelings of intimacy when using SNS, perhaps reflecting online needs for comfort from others. A case narrative is presented to show how those with insecure attachment patterns may struggle to avoid interpersonal conflict when being continuously presented with ambiguous social information. PMID:23996299

Nitzburg, George C; Farber, Barry A

2013-11-01

213

The effective photoinduction of Haematococcus pluvialis for accumulating astaxanthin with attached cultivation.  

PubMed

As the optimal source of astaxanthin, Haematococcus pluvialis was cultured for commercial production of astaxanthin through two continuous phases: cell growth and astaxanthin induction. In this study, the efficiency of an attached system for producing astaxanthin from H. pluvialis was investigated and compared to that of the suspended system (bubble column bioreactor) under various conditions. Results showed that this attached system is more suitable for photoinduction of H. pluvialis than the suspended bioreactor. Under the optimal conditions, the astaxanthin productivity of the attached system was 65.8 mg m(-2)d(-1) and 2.4-fold of that in the suspended system. This attached approach also offers other advantages over suspended systems, such as, producing astaxanthin under a wide range of light intensities and temperatures, saving water, ease to harvest cells, resisting contamination. Therefore, the attached approach can be considered an economical, environmentally friendly and highly-efficient technology for producing astaxanthin from H. pluvialis. PMID:24787315

Wan, Minxi; Hou, Dongmei; Li, Yuanguang; Fan, Jianhua; Huang, Jianke; Liang, Songtao; Wang, Weiliang; Pan, Ronghua; Wang, Jun; Li, Shulan

2014-07-01

214

The moderating role of attachment anxiety on social network site use intensity and social capital.  

PubMed

This study examined the moderating role of attachment anxiety on the relationship between intensity of social network site use and bridging, bonding, and maintained social capital. Data from 322 undergraduate Chinese students were collected. Hierarchical regression analyses showed positive relationships between online intensity of social network site use and the three types of social capital. Moreover, attachment anxiety moderated the effect of intensity of social network site use on social capital. Specifically, for students with lower attachment anxiety, the relationships between intensity of social network site use and bonding and bridging social capital were stronger than those with higher attachment anxiety. The result suggested that social network sites cannot improve highly anxiously attached individuals' social capital effectively; they may need more face-to-face communications. PMID:23654041

Liu, Haihua; Shi, Junqi; Liu, Yihao; Sheng, Zitong

2013-02-01

215

Youth hedonistic behaviour: moderating role of peer attachment on the effect of religiosity and worldview.  

PubMed

This study was carried out on the moderating effect of peer attachment on the relationships between religiosity and worldview, and on how hedonistic behaviour among Malaysian undergraduate students is shaped by such influences. With regard to peer attachment, the study focused on the influences of communication, trust and alienation among youth. Bronfenbrenner's theory of human ecology and Armsden and Greenberg's attachment model were used as the framework. Drawing on a quantitative survey of 394 Malaysian university students (M age = 21.0, SD = 0.40), structural equation modelling and path analysis revealed a significant relationship between worldview and hedonistic behaviour. Peer attachment moderated the relationships between religiosity and religious worldview. The results further showed that the unique moderating effect of the lower level of attachment with peers is positively related to the hedonistic behaviour. Implications from the findings are discussed. PMID:25431513

Hamzah, Siti Raba'ah; Suandi, Turiman; Krauss, Steven Eric; Hamzah, Azimi; Tamam, Ezhar

2014-10-01

216

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adolescent Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Twin studies consistently point to limited genetic influence on attachment security in the infancy period, but no study has examined whether this remains the case in later development. This study presents the findings from a twin study examining the relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on attachment in…

Fearon, Pasco; Shmueli-Goetz, Yael; Viding, Essi; Fonagy, Peter; Plomin, Robert

2014-01-01

217

Attachment Disorder, Basic Trust and Educational Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The label Attachment Disorder (AD) is used as either a description of a child's presentation, or as a diagnostic category. It is unclear whether this label is intended to be identical with the DSM-IV Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) diagnostic category, or if it is a separate diagnosis based on Randolph's Questionnaire and the premises underlying this instrument. The third option

Michael G King; Karyn Newnham

2008-01-01

218

Reactive attachment disorder in maltreated toddlers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine if Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) can be reliably identified in maltreated toddlers in foster care, if the two types of RAD are independent, and to estimate the prevalence of RAD in these maltreated toddlers.Methods: Clinicians treating 94 maltreated toddlers in foster care were interviewed regarding signs of attachment disorder at intake in an intervention program.Results: Using categorical

Charles H. Zeanah; Michael Scheeringa; Neil W. Boris; Sherryl S. Heller; Anna T. Smyke; Jennifer Trapani

2004-01-01

219

Psychophysical Scaling of Attachment and Loss.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few studies have attempted to measure the strength of attachment in personal relationships or the stress associated with the loss of those relationships. To measure the perceived strength of attachment and stress of loss of 20 typical relationships (e.g.,wife or husband, father, son, daughter, brother, sister, friend, lover, grandparents, and…

Tarnai, John

220

Attachment Disorder, Basic Trust and Educational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The label Attachment Disorder (AD) is used as either a description of a child's presentation, or as a diagnostic category. It is unclear whether this label is intended to be identical with the DSM-IV Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) diagnostic category, or if it is a separate diagnosis based on Randolph's Questionnaire and the premises…

King, Michael G.; Newnham, Karyn

2008-01-01

221

Dental magnetic attachment: toward third generation devices.  

PubMed

Toward realizing the performance of functional and versatile dental magnetic attachments in the third generation required for individual prosthesis, it is important to control retentive characteristics of the attachments. For this purpose, three new types of magnetic attachment, i.e., split-pole type with a slant magnetization, modified split-pole type, and cylinder type, have been developed and evaluated in terms of the restoring force as well as the retentive force. The new attachments are designed to have high corrosion resistance, combining magnetic and nonmagnetic stainless steels and microlaser welding similar to the usual cup-yoke and sandwich-yoke types. It has been found that the two split-pole types have stronger restoring force and the cylinder type has weaker restoring force in comparison with the usual magnetic attachments. The attachments can be used properly and selectively according to individual requirement on abutment state and denture retention. As a result, the newly developed attachments may provide flexible retention performance useful for more effective and extensive applications of a magnetic attachment. PMID:18334412

Tegawa, Yoshinori; Kinouchi, Yohsuke

2008-03-01

222

Chronic Conversion Disorder Masking Attachment Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case formulation and initial treatment plan, through the lens of attachment and relational theory, for a geriatric client with long standing somatic complaints, is presented. The client's core issues are conceptualized as rooted in a compromised attachment with her primary caretaker. Notable aspects of her developmental history and symptom presentation are highlighted in support of this conceptualization. The establishment

Michael Axelman

2012-01-01

223

Loss and Disorganization from an Attachment Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, it is hypothesized that disorganizing, disorienting, and unresolved states of mind about loss experiences, as classified by the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coding system, may offer insight into the bereaved mind and may guide clinical treatment approaches. This article discusses pre-loss attachment organizations and the disorganizing\\/disorienting markers of unresolved loss found in the AAI. Although sometimes subtle

Paula Thomson

2010-01-01

224

An Attachment Model of University Connectedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with high levels of connectedness to the university have been found to be more likely to complete their college degree than are students with low levels of university connectedness. This study examined the role of parental and peer attachment as distal predictors of school connectedness. As predicted, it was found that attachment style to…

Wilson, Steffen; Gore, Jonathan

2013-01-01

225

Alexithymia and attachment insecurities in impulsive aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this study were to develop a new measure of impulsive aggressiveness, and to assess whether this measure was associated with deficits in mentalized affectivity and adult attachment styles in a sample of 637 non-clinical participants. Extending Fonagy and Bateman's (2004) hypothesis, the mediating role of poor affectivity mentalization in the relationship between insecure attachment styles and impulsive

Andrea Fossati; Elena Acquarini; Judith A. Feeney; Serena Borroni; Federica Grazioli; Laura E. Giarolli; Gianluca Franciosi; Cesare Maffei

2009-01-01

226

Assessing Users' Attachment to Their Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are often described as very personal objects and users are said to develop deep relationships with them. Motivated by such recurring statements, this paper introduces user-device attachment as a concept describing the relationship between users and their mobile devices. By drawing on literature from marketing, HCI, and sociology, the domain and dimensions of user-device attachment are described. Three

Kai Wehmeyer

2007-01-01

227

Stability of Attachment during the Preschool Period  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's attachment patterns at early preschool age and 2 years later as well as factors related to stability-instability were examined in a diverse socioeconomic status French Canadian sample of 120 children. Attachment was assessed during 2 laboratory visits using separation-reunion procedures when the children were approximately 3.5 (J.…

Moss, Ellen; Cyr, Chantal; Bureau, Jean-Francois; Tarabulsy, George M.; Dubois-Comtois, Karine

2005-01-01

228

Attachment Studies with Borderline Patients: A Review  

PubMed Central

Clinical theorists have suggested that disturbed attachments are central to borderline personality disorder (BPD) psychopathology. This article reviews 13 empirical studies that examine the types of attachment found in individuals with this disorder or with dimensional characteristics of BPD. Comparison among the 13 studies is handicapped by the variety of measures and attachment types that these studies have employed. Nevertheless, every study concludes that there is a strong association between BPD and insecure attachment. The types of attachment found to be most characteristic of BPD subjects are unresolved, preoccupied, and fearful. In each of these attachment types, individuals demonstrate a longing for intimacy and—at the same time—concern about dependency and rejection. The high prevalence and severity of insecure attachments found in these adult samples support the central role of disturbed interpersonal relationships in clinical theories of BPD. This review concludes that these types of insecure attachment may represent phenotypic markers of vulnerability to BPD, suggesting several directions for future research. PMID:15204804

Agrawal, Hans R.; Gunderson, John; Holmes, Bjarne M.; Lyons-Ruth, Karlen

2006-01-01

229

49 CFR 179.100-16 - Attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...external brackets and shells if the attachment welds exceed 6 linear inches of 1/4 -inch fillet or equivalent weld per bracket or bracket leg. When reinforcing...attached to the tank by continuous fillet welds except for venting provisions. The...

2012-10-01

230

49 CFR 179.100-16 - Attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...external brackets and shells if the attachment welds exceed 6 linear inches of 1/4 -inch fillet or equivalent weld per bracket or bracket leg. When reinforcing...attached to the tank by continuous fillet welds except for venting provisions. The...

2013-10-01

231

49 CFR 179.100-16 - Attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...external brackets and shells if the attachment welds exceed 6 linear inches of 1/4 -inch fillet or equivalent weld per bracket or bracket leg. When reinforcing...attached to the tank by continuous fillet welds except for venting provisions. The...

2011-10-01

232

49 CFR 179.100-16 - Attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...external brackets and shells if the attachment welds exceed 6 linear inches of 1/4 -inch fillet or equivalent weld per bracket or bracket leg. When reinforcing...attached to the tank by continuous fillet welds except for venting provisions. The...

2010-10-01

233

Attachment Theory, Psychoanalysis, Personality Development, and Psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blatt and Levy place attachment theory and research in a broad theoretical matrix by considering the relationship of attachment patterns to personality development and to different types of psychopathology in adults. Thus Blatt and Levy construct conceptual bridges between the two configurations of personality development and psychopathology that Blatt and colleagues have developed over the past quarter century (e.g., Behrends

Sidney J. Blatt; Kenneth N. Levy

2003-01-01

234

ATTACHMENT X Review of Exxon Patents  

E-print Network

ATTACHMENT X Review of Exxon Patents Edwin N. Givens and Burtron H. Davis #12;X.1-Draft ATTACHMENT X Review of Exxon Patents INTRODUCTION It is quite apparent from searching the patent literature of their competitors, in that they have obtained an extensive number of composition of matter patents. #12;X.2-Draft

Kentucky, University of

235

Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed earlier in life between human infants and their parents. Key components of attachment theory, developed by Bowlby, Ainsworth, and others to explain the development of affectional bonds in infancy, were translated

Cindy Hazan; Phillip Shaver

1987-01-01

236

Casimir experiments showing saturation effects  

SciTech Connect

We address several different Casimir experiments where theory and experiment disagree. First out is the classical Casimir force measurement between two metal half spaces; here both in the form of the torsion pendulum experiment by Lamoreaux and in the form of the Casimir pressure measurement between a gold sphere and a gold plate as performed by Decca et al.; theory predicts a large negative thermal correction, absent in the high precision experiments. The third experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between a metal plate and a laser irradiated semiconductor membrane as performed by Chen et al.; the change in force with laser intensity is larger than predicted by theory. The fourth experiment is the measurement of the Casimir force between an atom and a wall in the form of the measurement by Obrecht et al. of the change in oscillation frequency of a {sup 87}Rb Bose-Einstein condensate trapped to a fused silica wall; the change is smaller than predicted by theory. We show that saturation effects can explain the discrepancies between theory and experiment observed in all these cases.

Sernelius, Bo E. [Division of Theory and Modeling, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden)

2009-10-15

237

Disturbances in attachment: inhibited and disinhibited symptoms in foster children  

PubMed Central

Background Previous DSM-versions recognized an inhibited and a disinhibited subtype of the Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD). The current DSM-5 distinguishes two different disorders, instead of two subtypes of RAD. This study examined whether a split-up of the subtypes is valid. Method In 126 foster children, attachment disorder symptoms were assessed with the Disturbances of Attachment Interview. Forms of pathogenic care were identified based on dossier analyses. Associations between symptoms of attachment disorder with internalizing and externalizing problems (Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form) were examined. Results Omnibus tests showed no significant association between type of symptoms and type of pathogenic care. Exploratory analyses did reveal an univariate association between disinhibited symptoms and history of physical abuse. Disinhibited symptoms were associated with more internalizing and externalizing problems (d’s?

2014-01-01

238

Fibronectin coating of oxygenator membranes enhances endothelial cell attachment  

PubMed Central

Background Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can replace the lungs’ gas exchange capacity in refractory lung failure. However, its limited hemocompatibility, the activation of the coagulation and complement system as well as plasma leakage and protein deposition hamper mid- to long-term use and have constrained the development of an implantable lung assist device. In a tissue engineering approach, lining the blood contact surfaces of the ECMO device with endothelial cells might overcome these limitations. As a first step towards this aim, we hypothesized that coating the oxygenator’s gas exchange membrane with proteins might positively influence the attachment and proliferation of arterial endothelial cells. Methods Sheets of polypropylene (PP), polyoxymethylpentene (TPX) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), typical material used for oxygenator gas exchange membranes, were coated with collagen, fibrinogen, gelatin or fibronectin. Tissue culture treated well plates served as controls. Endothelial cell attachment and proliferation were analyzed for a period of 4 days by microscopic examination and computer assisted cell counting. Results Endothelial cell seeding efficiency is within range of tissue culture treated controls for fibronectin treated surfaces only. Uncoated membranes as well as all other coatings lead to lower cell attachment. A confluent endothelial cell layer develops on fibronectin coated PDMS and the control surface only. Conclusions Fibronectin increases endothelial cells’ seeding efficiency on different oxygenator membrane material. PDMS coated with fibronectin shows sustained cell attachment for a period of four days in static culture conditions. PMID:23356939

2013-01-01

239

Effects of pitch accents in attachment ambiguity resolution  

PubMed Central

Previous work has found that listeners prefer to attach ambiguous syntactic constituents to nouns produced with a pitch accent (Schafer et al., 1996). This study examines what factors underlie previously established accent attachment effects by testing whether these effects are driven by a preference to attach syntactic constituents to new or important information (the Syntax Hypothesis) or whether there is a bias to respond to post-sentence probe questions with an accented word (the Salience Hypothesis). One of the predictions of the Salience Hypothesis is that selection of accented words should be greater when a sentence is complex and processing resources are limited. The results from the experiments presented here show that the probability of listeners’ selecting accented words when asked about the interpretation of a relative clause varies with sentence type: listeners selected accented words more frequently in long sentences than in short sentences, consistent with the predictions of the Salience Hypothesis. Furthermore, Experiment 4 demonstrates that listeners are more likely to respond to post-sentence questions with accented words than with non-accented words, even when no ambiguity is present, and even when the response results in an incorrect answer. These findings suggest that accent-driven attachment effects found in earlier studies reflect a post-sentence selection process rather than a syntactic processing mechanism. PMID:22287815

Lee, Eun-Kyung; Watson, Duane G.

2011-01-01

240

Attachment and Trauma in Early Childhood: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attachment relationships are critical to a young child's optimal development. Both the presence and quality of attachment matter. Experiences of trauma can affect caregiver\\/child attachment relationships in a variety of ways. This article explores possible associations among trauma and the presence and quality of attachment relationships between young children and their caregivers. The nature of attachment, phases in the development

Angela S. Breidenstine; Letia O. Bailey; Charles H. Zeanah; Julie A. Larrieu

2011-01-01

241

Attachment and Children: Citations From Selected Data Bases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography compiles citations from seven selected data bases on the topic of attachment and children. The citations are grouped into eight categories: (1) Attachment -- General; (2) Institutions -- Hospitals, Prisons; (3) Day Care and Attachment; (4) Handicapped Children and Attachment; (5) Separation; (6) Child Abuse and Attachment; (7)…

Baskin, Linda B., Comp.

242

Sleep and Attachment in Preterm Infants  

PubMed Central

Infants born preterm are at elevated risk for social emotional difficulties. However, factors contributing to this risk are largely understudied. Within the present study, we explored infant sleep as a biosocial factor that may play a role in infant social emotional development. Within a prospective longitudinal design, we examined parent-reported sleep patterns and observed parenting quality as predictors of infant-mother attachment in 171 infants born preterm. Using structural equation modeling, we examined main effect and moderator models linking infant sleep patterns and parenting with attachment security. Sleep patterns characterized by more daytime sleep and positive/responsive parenting predicted infant attachment security. Parent-reported nighttime sleep patterns were unrelated to attachment in this sample of infants born preterm. These results indicate that daytime sleep and parenting quality may be important for emerging attachment relationships in infants born preterm. PMID:23482430

Schwichtenberg, A.J.; Shah, Prachi E.; Poehlmann, Julie

2012-01-01

243

Attachment to spextrophotometers for measuring scattering patterns  

SciTech Connect

The authors have developed a simple attachment to the Shimadsu MPS 50L spectrophotometer for measuring scattering patterns. The attachment is mounted directly at the cuvette section of the spectrophotometer. The radiation detector of the attachment is formed by an FR1-4 photoresistor disposed on the vertical section of a gamma-shaped bar adapted to be inclined by plus or minus 90 degrees with respect to the direction of the radiation beam. When the attachment is used, its radiation detector is connected into the measuring circuit of the spectrophotometer in place of the spectrophotometer's detector. When the spectrophotometer alone is used the detector of the attachment is moved out of the beam and the detector of the spectrophotometer proper is inserted into the measuring circuit.

Fsel'son, M.P.; Krikum, A.Z.; Sivyakov, Y.A.; Spivak, R.Y.

1986-02-01

244

Perceived parental attachment and achievement motivation.  

PubMed

A significant amount of research in attachment theory has been devoted to factors affecting academic achievement, but less attention has been given to the role of attachment in the relation between academic achievement and achievement motivation. The current preliminary study examined the role of perceived parental attachment in achievement motivation. Self-report data obtained from the Parental Attachment Questionnaire, Achievement Goals Questionnaire, and the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory were collected from 50 university students with a mean age of 18.8 yr. Correlation and regression analyses indicated that parental facilitation of independence correlated significantly and negatively with fear of failure. Results yielded partial support for the hypothesis that performance-oriented goals are related to a fear of failure, whereas mastery-oriented goals are not. The results also suggest that high parental attachment in the case of high-frequency religious practitioners is related to an increased chance of acquiring a more avoidance-oriented achievement motivation. PMID:22420122

Bal, M; Baruss, Imants

2011-12-01

245

Mimas Showing False Colors #1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

False color images of Saturn's moon, Mimas, reveal variation in either the composition or texture across its surface.

During its approach to Mimas on Aug. 2, 2005, the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera obtained multi-spectral views of the moon from a range of 228,000 kilometers (142,500 miles).

The image at the left is a narrow angle clear-filter image, which was separately processed to enhance the contrast in brightness and sharpness of visible features. The image at the right is a color composite of narrow-angle ultraviolet, green, infrared and clear filter images, which have been specially processed to accentuate subtle changes in the spectral properties of Mimas' surface materials. To create this view, three color images (ultraviolet, green and infrared) were combined into a single black and white picture that isolates and maps regional color differences. This 'color map' was then superimposed over the clear-filter image at the left.

The combination of color map and brightness image shows how the color differences across the Mimas surface materials are tied to geological features. Shades of blue and violet in the image at the right are used to identify surface materials that are bluer in color and have a weaker infrared brightness than average Mimas materials, which are represented by green.

Herschel crater, a 140-kilometer-wide (88-mile) impact feature with a prominent central peak, is visible in the upper right of each image. The unusual bluer materials are seen to broadly surround Herschel crater. However, the bluer material is not uniformly distributed in and around the crater. Instead, it appears to be concentrated on the outside of the crater and more to the west than to the north or south. The origin of the color differences is not yet understood. It may represent ejecta material that was excavated from inside Mimas when the Herschel impact occurred. The bluer color of these materials may be caused by subtle differences in the surface composition or the sizes of grains making up the icy soil.

The images were obtained when the Cassini spacecraft was above 25 degrees south, 134 degrees west latitude and longitude. The Sun-Mimas-spacecraft angle was 45 degrees and north is at the top.

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, manages the mission for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging operations center is based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo.

For more information about the Cassini-Huygens mission visit http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov . The Cassini imaging team homepage is at http://ciclops.org .

2005-01-01

246

Smartphone attachment for stethoscope recording.  

PubMed

With the ubiquity of smartphones and the rising technology of 3D printing, novel devices can be developed that leverage the "computer in your pocket" and rapid prototyping technologies toward scientific, medical, engineering, and creative purposes. This paper describes such a device: a simple 3D-printed extension for Apple's iPhone that allows the sound from an off-the-shelf acoustic stethoscope to be recorded using the phone's built-in microphone. The attachment's digital 3D files can be easily shared, modified for similar phones and devices capable of recording audio, and in combination with 3D printing technology allow for fabrication of a durable device without need for an entire factory of expensive and specialized machining tools. It is hoped that by releasing this device as an open source set of printable files that can be downloaded and reproduced cheaply, others can make use of these developments where access to cost-prohibitive, specialized medical instruments are not available. Coupled with specialized smartphone software ("apps"), more sophisticated and automated diagnostics may also be possible on-site. PMID:25626549

Thompson, Jeff

2015-01-01

247

Biliprotein maturation: the chromophore attachment  

PubMed Central

Biliproteins are a widespread group of brilliantly coloured photoreceptors characterized by linear tetrapyrrolic chromophores, bilins, which are covalently bound to the apoproteins via relatively stable thioether bonds. Covalent binding stabilizes the chromoproteins and is mandatory for phycobilisome assembly; and, it is also important in biliprotein applications such as fluorescence labelling. Covalent binding has, on the other hand, also considerably hindered biliprotein research because autocatalytic chromophore additions are rare, and information on enzymatic addition by lyases was limited to a single example, an EF-type lyase attaching phycocyanobilin to cysteine-?84 of C-phycocyanin. The discovery of new activities for the latter lyases, and of new types of lyases, have reinvigorated research activities in the subject. So far, work has mainly concentrated on cyanobacterial phycobiliproteins. Methodological advances in the process, however, as well as the finding of often large numbers of homologues, opens new possibilities for research on the subsequent assembly/disassembly of the phycobilisome in cyanobacteria and red algae, on the assembly and organization of the cryptophyte light-harvesting system, on applications in basic research such as protein folding, and on the use of phycobiliproteins for labelling. PMID:18284595

Scheer, H; Zhao, K-H

2008-01-01

248

Vibrational spectroscopy of sulfur hexafluoride attached to helium clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have built an apparatus capable of attaching a molecule to a liquid-helium cluster and obtaining its infrared spectrum. Clusters made of a few thousand atoms and containing an SF6 molecule show two absorptions located at 945.8 and 946.1 cm-1 which indicate that the guest molecule is located near the surface of the cluster. If the cluster contains two SF6

S. Goyal; D. L. Schutt; G. Scoles

1992-01-01

249

Mindfulness and Attachment Security as Predictors of Sucess in Therapy  

E-print Network

in state attachment anxiety were predictive of reductions in depressed and anxious mood. Together these results indicate the importance of attachment and mindfulness as agents of change in therapy, especially the importance of reducing avoidant attachment...

Martin, David Matthew

2012-08-31

250

Disinhibited reactive attachment disorder symptoms impair social judgements from faces  

E-print Network

Disinhibited reactive attachment disorder symptoms impair social judgements from faces Sebastien January 2014 Accepted 5 January 2014 Keywords: Reactive attachment disorder Indiscriminate friendliness with trusting others, yet those with the disinhibited form of reactive attachment disorder (dRAD) can

Caldara, Roberto

251

Competitive Paging Algorithms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paging problem is that of deciding which pages to keep in a memory of k pages in order to minimize the number of page faults. We develop the marking algorithm, a randomized on-line algorithm for the paging problem. We prove that its expected cost on any sequence of requests is within a factor of 2Hk of optimum. (Where Hk

Amos Fiat; Richard M. Karp; Michael Luby; Lyle A. Mcgeoch; Daniel Dominic Sleator; Neal E. Young

1991-01-01

252

Nuclear reactor fuel rod attachment system  

DOEpatents

A reusable system is described for removably attaching a nuclear reactor fuel rod to a support member. A locking cap is secured to the fuel rod and a locking strip is fastened to the support member. The locking cap has two opposing fingers shaped to form a socket having a body portion. The locking strip has an extension shaped to rigidly attach to the socket's body portion. The locking cap's fingers are resiliently deflectable. For attachment, the locking cap is longitudinally pushed onto the locking strip causing the extension to temporarily deflect open the fingers to engage the socket's body portion. For removal, the process is reversed.

Not Available

1980-09-17

253

California Measles Outbreak Shows How Quickly Disease Can Resurface in U.S.  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. California Measles Outbreak Shows How Quickly Disease Can Resurface ... recent outbreak traced to two Disney parks in California illustrates how quickly a resurgence can occur. As ...

254

The Pill Remains Most Common Method of Birth Control, U.S. Report Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... December 11, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Birth Control Tubal Ligation Women's Health THURSDAY, Dec. 11, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- ... of birth control for women, along with female sterilization and condoms, a new report shows. Among the ...

255

49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label....

2012-10-01

256

49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.  

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label....

2014-10-01

257

49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label....

2013-10-01

258

49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label....

2010-10-01

259

49 CFR 583.9 - Attachment and maintenance of label.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.9 Attachment and maintenance of label. (a) Attachment of the label....

2011-10-01

260

Cephalopod Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes detailed information on octopus, squid and cuttlefish with links to other cephalopod and mollusk pages. Site features a classification section complete with pictures, articles from in-house scientists, conference information, a mailing list, and even a section including information on where you can purchase different cephalopods. Links to CephBase, an interactive database with photos, videos, publications, and much more, all concerning cephalopods.

Wood, James B.

2012-09-06

261

Children with disrupted attachment histories: Interventions and psychophysiological indices of effects  

PubMed Central

Diagnosis and treatment of children affected by disruptions of attachment (out of home placement, multiple changes of primary caregiver) is an area of considerable controversy. The possible contribution of psychobiological theories is discussed in three parts. The first part relates the attachment theoretical perspective to major psychobiological theories on the developmental associations of parent-child relationships and emotional response. The second part reviews studies of autonomic reactivity and HPA-axis activity with foster children, showing that foster children show more reactivity within physiological systems facilitating fight or flight behaviours rather than social engagement, especially foster children with atypical attachment behaviour. The third part is focused on treatment of children suffering from the consequences of disrupted attachment, based on a psychotherapy study with psychophysiological outcome measures. Implications are discussed for theory, diagnosis, and intervention. PMID:19732442

Schuengel, Carlo; Oosterman, Mirjam; Sterkenburg, Paula S

2009-01-01

262

Chemomechanics of attached and suspended cells  

E-print Network

Chemomechanical coupling in single eukaryotic animal cells is investigated in the con- text of the attached (substratum-adhered) and the suspended (free-floating) states. These dichotomous configurations determine behavioral ...

Maloney, John Mapes

2012-01-01

263

14 CFR 33.25 - Accessory attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01...33.25 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...properly with the accessory drive and mounting attachments loaded. Each engine accessory drive and mounting...

2013-01-01

264

14 CFR 33.25 - Accessory attachments.  

14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01...33.25 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...properly with the accessory drive and mounting attachments loaded. Each engine accessory drive and mounting...

2014-01-01

265

14 CFR 33.25 - Accessory attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01...33.25 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...properly with the accessory drive and mounting attachments loaded. Each engine accessory drive and mounting...

2010-01-01

266

14 CFR 33.25 - Accessory attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...33.25 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...properly with the accessory drive and mounting attachments loaded. Each engine accessory drive and mounting...

2012-01-01

267

14 CFR 33.25 - Accessory attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01...33.25 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION...properly with the accessory drive and mounting attachments loaded. Each engine accessory drive and mounting...

2011-01-01

268

Modified transmitter attachment method for adult ducks  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The value of radio telemetry for waterfowl research depends on the availability of suitable methods of attaching transmitters. In previous studies, external transmitters attached to adult Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) with sutures and glue did not stay on birds reliably. In an attempt to improve transmitter retention, a method of attachment was tested in which 4-g transmitters were attached mid-dorsally with sutures and with a stainless steel anchor-shaped wire inserted subcutaneously (anchor transmitters). Field tests indicated that all of 26 female Mallards and 63 of 65 female Gadwalls (Anas strepera) retained their anchor transmitters during 4369 bird-days of monitoring during nesting and brood rearing. Survival rates of females with anchor transmitters compared favorably with those reported from other studies. In this study, females with and without anchor transmitters did not differ with respect to survival rates of their ducklings. The anchor transmitter may be suitable for a variety of field studies on numerous species.

Pietz, P.J.; Brandt, D.A.; Krapu, G.L.; Buhl, D.A.

1995-01-01

269

Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion  

DOEpatents

An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening.

Nelsen, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Luna, Daniel A. (Los Lunas, NM); Gwinn, Kenneth W. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1998-01-01

270

Miniature Reversal Electron-Attachment Detector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Miniature reversal electron-attachment detector (miniREAD) enables direct injection of air or vapor at atmospheric pressure from monitored area into mass-spectrometric instrument to detect explosives, narcotics, or other substances, vapors of which suspected of being present in low concentrations. In comparison with older reversal electron-attachment detector, miniREAD simpler in design; more rugged; and easier to build, repair, and maintain. In addition, probably more sensitive.

Chutjian, Ara

1994-01-01

271

Teaching Students to Show, Not Tell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his epic poem "A Season in Hell," the surly French poet Arthur Rimbaud proposes that the Devil likes writing that lacks "descriptive" qualities. Rimbaud then makes a stand in favor of descriptive writing by offering "these hideous pages from [his] notes of the damned." The author would not go so far as to say that nondescriptive writing is evil…

Spitzer, Mark

2012-01-01

272

Design and Analysis of UHTC Leading Edge Attachment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center was contacted to provide technical support to NASA Ames Research Center in the design and analysis of an ultra high temperature ceramic (UHTC) leading edge. UHTC materials are being considered for reusable launch vehicles because their high temperature capability may allow for un-cooled sharp leading edge designs. While ceramic materials have the design benefit of allowing subcomponents to run hot, they also provide a design challenge in that they invariably must be in contact with cooler subcomponents elsewhere in the structure. NASA Glenn Research Center proposed a modification to an existing attachment design. Thermal and structural analyses of the leading edge assembly were carried out using ABAQUS finite element software. Final results showed that the proposed modifications aided in thermally isolating hot and cold subcomponents and reducing bearing stresses at the attachment location.

Thomas, David J.; Nemeth, Noel N. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

273

Bioprocessing in space: human cells attach to beads in microgravity.  

PubMed

Attachment to a substrate and survival of human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells have been tested in an incubator installed in the flight-deck of the Space Shuttle 'Challenger' during its eighth mission. HEK cells are producing the enzyme urokinase and are presently investigated as candidates for electrophoretic separation in an apparatus developed and manufactured by McDonnell Douglas. Attachment of HEK cells to a substrate is mandatory for survival and production of urokinase after electrophoretic separation. Analysis of the samples shows that cells adhere, spread and survive in microgravity (< 10(-3) x g) conditions as well as the ground controls at 1 x g. This result represents an important step towards further bioprocessing in space. PMID:11540837

Tschopp, A; Cogoli, A; Lewis, M L; Morrison, D R

1984-01-01

274

Relative Lifetime Prediction for CPV Die-Attach Layers: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

In concentrating photovoltaics (CPV) cell assemblies, a large-area die-attach layer is subjected to thermal cycles, leading to thermomechanical fatigue. This causes cracking and the eventual failure of the CPV cell by thermal runaway. We define a damage metric representing lumped progress toward failure and present a numerical model for computing the accumulation of damage for arbitrary transient temperature conditions. The model is applied to a particular design with a solder die-attach layer. We show that accelerated-test thermal cycles with higher ramp rates cause more damage, both per cycle and per unit time. Outdoor exposure to one entire year in two geographic locations is also simulated, revealing that a year of exposure in Golden, Colorado is equivalent to 1.4 years of exposure in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Silverman, T. J.; Bosco, N.; Kurtz, S.

2012-03-01

275

A Preliminary Investigation of the Effectiveness of Attachment Therapy for Adopted Children with Reactive Attachment Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this preliminary investigation was to examine the effectiveness of attachment therapy for adopted children\\u000a diagnosed with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD). Although attachment therapy is widely utilized in the practice community,\\u000a outcomes of such therapy have not been well documented. In this study a pretest–posttest one-group design was used with a\\u000a sample of 24 adopted children who received

Jane S. Wimmer; M. Elizabeth Vonk; Patrick Bordnick

2009-01-01

276

Platinum attachments on iron oxide nanoparticle surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Platinum nanoparticles supported on metal oxide surfaces have shown great potential as heterogeneous catalysts to accelerate electrochemical processes, such as the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Recently, the use of magnetic supports has become a promising research topic for easy separation and recovery of catalysts using magnets, such as Pt nanoparticles supported on iron oxide nanoparticles. The attachment of Pt on iron oxide nanoparticles is limited by the wetting ability of the Pt (metal) on ceramic surfaces. A study of Pt nanoparticle attachment on iron oxide nanoparticle surfaces in an organic solvent is reported, which addresses the factors that promote or inhibit such attachment. It was discovered that the Pt attachment strongly depends on the capping molecules of the iron oxide seeds and the reaction temperature. For example, the attachment of Pt nanoparticles on oleic acid coated iron oxide nanoparticles was very challenging, because of the strong binding between the carboxylic groups and iron oxide surfaces. In contrast, when nanoparticles are coated with oleic acid/tri-n-octylphosphine oxide or oleic acid/oleylamine, a significant increase in Pt attachment was observed. Electronic structure calculations were then applied to estimate the binding energies between the capping molecules and iron ions, and the modeling results strongly support the experimental observations.

Palchoudhury, Soubantika; Xu, Yaolin; An, Wei; Turner, C. Heath; Bao, Yuping

2010-05-01

277

Platinum Attachments on Iron Oxide Nanoparticle Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Platinum nanoparticles supported on metal oxide surfaces have shown great potential as heterogeneous catalysts to accelerate electrochemical processes, such as the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Recently, the use of magnetic supports has become a promising research topic for easy separation and recovery of catalysts using magnets, such as Pt nanoparticles supported on iron oxide nanoparticles. The attachment of Pt on iron oxide nanoparticles is limited by the wetting ability of the Pt (metal) on ceramic surfaces. A study of Pt nanoparticle attachment on iron oxide nanoparticle surfaces in an organic solvent is reported, which addresses the factors that promote or inhibit such attachment. It was discovered that the Pt attachment strongly depends on the capping molecules of the iron oxide seeds and the reaction temperature. For example, the attachment of Pt nanoparticles on oleic acid coated iron oxide nanoparticles was very challenging, because of the strong binding between the carboxylic groups and iron oxide surfaces. In contrast, when nanoparticles are coated with oleic acid/tri-n-octylphosphine oxide or oleic acid/oleylamine, a significant increase in Pt attachment was observed. Electronic structure calculations were then applied to estimate the binding energies between the capping molecules and iron ions, and the modeling results strongly support the experimental observations.

Palchoudhury, Soubantika; Xu, Yaolin; An, Wei; Turner, C. H.; Bao, Yuping

2010-04-30

278

Optical Tracking of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes by Attaching Functionalized Quantum Dots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Functionalized quantum dots have been successfully attached to multi-walled carbon nanotubes over carbodiimide-assisted coupling. Characterization in a transmission electron microscope shows the quantum dots are attached mainly at the opened tips and defect sites on the side-walls of nanotubes, suggesting the covalent nature of the bonding and high selectivity to chemically reactive sites. Due to their unique fluorescent properties, the

Dominic R. Frutiger; Lixin Dong; Bradley J. Nelson

2006-01-01

279

A Three Year Follow-up of Attachment and Indiscriminate Friendliness in Children Adopted from Romanian Orphanages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed attachment/indiscriminate friendliness in children who spent at least eight months in Romanian orphanages (RO); a nonadopted, never-institutionalized Canadian group; and an early-adopted Romanian group. Found that RO children showed more insecure attachment and indiscriminate friendliness than others. Insecure RO children had more…

Chisholm, Kim

1998-01-01

280

Growth and comparative physiology of Klebsiella oxytoca attached to granular activated carbon particles and in liquid media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments were performed to evaluate the comparative growth and physiology ofKlebsiella oxytoca grown attached to granular activated carbon particles (GAC) and in liquid medium. Laboratory studies showed that when this organism attached to GAC, the growth rate was enhanced more than 10 times in the presence of glutamate, a substrate that adsorbed to the surface. No differences were observed if

David G. Davies; Gordon A. McFeters

1988-01-01

281

Yoon–Luttrell collision and attachment models analysis in flotation and their application on general flotation kinetic model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We theoretically used the models of Yoon and Luttrell for collision and attachment efficiencies to show the effect of fluid flow condition, the effect of bubble size and velocity and particle surface hydrophobicity in flotation system, and in order to demonstrate the effect of particle density on the attachment behavior we incorporate the correct expression for the maximum collision angle

S. Kouachi; M. Bouhenguel; A. Amirech; A. Bouchemma

2010-01-01

282

Genetic Contributions to Continuity and Change in Attachment Security: A Prospective, Longitudinal Investigation from Infancy to Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Longitudinal research has demonstrated that individual differences in attachment security show only modest continuity from infancy to adulthood. Recent findings based on retrospective reports suggest that individuals' genetic variation may moderate the developmental associations between early attachment-relevant relationship…

Raby, K. Lee; Cicchetti, Dante; Carlson, Elizabeth A.; Egeland, Byron; Collins, W. Andrew

2013-01-01

283

An Investigation of Decision Making Styles and the Five-Factor Personality Traits with Respect to Attachment Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to investigate if the attachment styles significantly predict the decision self-esteem, decision making styles and five-factor personality traits. Subjects of the study were 567 students in total from different faculties of Selcuk University. The results of the study showed that the attachment styles of the students…

Deniz, M. Engin

2011-01-01

284

The Moderating Role of Father's Care on the Onset of Binge Eating Symptoms among Female Late Adolescents with Insecure Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the association between quality of attachment, perception of the father's bond, and binge eating symptoms in a sample of female late adolescents. In total, 233 female students aged between 18 and 20 years completed measures on binge eating, quality of attachment and parent-child relationship. Data showed that respondents…

Pace, Ugo; Cacioppo, Marco; Schimmenti, Adriano

2012-01-01

285

Retention behaviors of different attachment systems: precious versus nonprecious, precision versus semi-precision.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to investigate the retention force changes of different attachment systems after 10,000 insertion-separation cycles and the difference in retention force between precious and non-precious materials of the same attachment system. Four types of attachments (Ball, Rod, M3 stud, and AP-Piccolino), produced using both precious and non-precious metal alloys, were tested (n=6). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey's multiple comparison test, and t-test at a significance level of p?0.05. Retention forces of all attachment types were significantly decreased after 10,000 insertion-separation cycles (p?0.05). Rod and M3 attachment systems showed an initial increase in retention force, then an eventual decrease. At the end of the test, precious types of M3 and AP-Piccolino attachments had significantly higher retention force values than their non-precious ones (p?0.05). Friction between non-precious attachment parts resulted in a higher retention loss than precious metal alloys. PMID:24088837

Gozneli, Rifat; Yildiz, Coskun; Vanlioglu, Burcin; Evren, Buket Akalin; Kulak-Ozkan, Yasemin

2013-01-01

286

Pictorial representation of attachment: measuring the parent-fetus relationship in expectant mothers and fathers  

PubMed Central

Background Over the past decades, attachment research has predominantly focused on the attachment relationship that infants develop with their parents or that adults had with their own parents. Far less is known about the development of feelings of attachment in parents towards their children. The present study examined a) whether a simple non-verbal (i.e., pictorial) measure of attachment (Pictorial Representation of Attachment Measure: PRAM) is a valid instrument to assess parental representations of the antenatal relationship with the fetus in expectant women and men and b) whether factors such as gender of the parent, parity, and age are systematically related to parental bonding during pregnancy. Methods At 26 weeks gestational age, 352 primi- or multiparous pregnant women and 268 partners from a community based sample filled in the PRAM and the M/PAAS (Maternal/Paternal Antenatal Attachment Scale, Condon, 1985/1993). Results Results show that the PRAM was significantly positively associated to a self-report questionnaire of antenatal attachment in both expectant mothers and fathers. Age and parity were both found significantly related to M/PAAS and PRAM scores. Conclusions The present findings provide support that the PRAM is as a valid, quick, and easy-to-administer instrument of parent-infant bonding. However, further research focusing on its capacity as a screening instrument (to identify parents with serious bonding problems) and its sensitivity to change (necessary for the use in evaluation of intervention studies) is needed, in order to prove its clinical value. PMID:23806122

2013-01-01

287

The development of fibronectin-functionalised hydroxyapatite coatings to improve dermal fibroblast attachment in vitro.  

PubMed

The success of long-term transcutaneous implants depends on dermal attachment to prevent downgrowth of the epithelium and infection. Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings and fibronectin (Fn) have independently been shown to regulate fibroblast activity and improve attachment. In an attempt to enhance this phenomenon we adsorbed Fn onto HA-coated substrates. Our study was designed to test the hypothesis that adsorption of Fn onto HA produces a surface that will increase the attachment of dermal fibroblasts better than HA alone or titanium alloy controls. Iodinated Fn was used to investigate the durability of the protein coating and a bioassay using human dermal fibroblasts was performed to assess the effects of the coating on cell attachment. Cell attachment data were compared with those for HA alone and titanium alloy controls at one, four and 24 hours. Protein attachment peaked within one hour of incubation and the maximum binding efficiency was achieved with an initial droplet of 1000 ng. We showed that after 24 hours one-fifth of the initial Fn coating remained on the substrates, and this resulted in a significant, three-, four-, and sevenfold increase in dermal fibroblast attachment strength compared to uncoated controls at one, four and 24 hours, respectively. PMID:22434476

Pendegrass, C J; El-Husseiny, M; Blunn, G W

2012-04-01

288

Attachment of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat meats.  

PubMed

Five individual strains of Listeria monocytogenes and a mixed cocktail of all five were studied for attachment on frankfurters, ham, bologna, and roast beef relative to their cell surface characteristics. The ratio of strongly attached (sessile) L. monocytogenes cells compared with total (sessile and planktonic) attached cells on ready-to-eat meats was also determined. Because bacterial cell surfaces were characterized by net negative charge and hydrophobicity, electrostatic interaction chromatography and cationized ferritin methods were chosen to study net negative charge distribution on the bacterial cell surface, whereas hydrophobic interaction chromatography and contact angle measurement were used to examine the cell surface hydrophobicity. No differences (P > 0.05) were observed in cell surface charge or cell surface hydrophobicity among strains. Approximately 84 to 87% L. monocytogenes were found to attach strongly to ready-to-eat meats within 5 min. No differences (P > 0.05) were found among strains or among meats. Micrographs observed from scanning electron microscopy showed no differences among the strains but showed a difference in age of cells (mixed culture) in terms of surface negative charge distribution. More surface negatively charged sites were observed at 0 and 7 days and much fewer at 3 days during storage of washed, harvested cells in buffer at 4 degrees C (aged cells under cold and nutrient deprivation), indicating a possible change in cell surface properties. Because no difference in strains was observed, the contact angle measurement study was carried out with the five-strain mixed culture. The surface hydrophobicity increased in frankfurters, decreased in roast beef, and was unchanged in ham and bologna as a result of inoculation. PMID:15035357

Foong, Sally C C; Dickson, James S

2004-03-01

289

Impact of search engines on page popularity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies show that a majority of Web page accesses are referred by search engines. In this paper we study the widespread use of Web search engines and its impact on the ecology of the Web. In particular, we study how much impact search engines have on the popularity evolution of Web pages. For example, given that search engines return

Junghoo Cho; Sourashis Roy

2004-01-01

290

Stress analysis of mandibular implant-retained overdenture with independent attachment system: effect of restoration space and attachment height.  

PubMed

In this in vitro study, 2 implants were embedded in the interforaminal region of an acrylic model. Two kinds of retention mechanisms were used to construct complete overdentures: ball type and direct abutment (Locator). The ball-type retention mechanism models included 3 different collar heights (1, 2, and 3 mm) with 15 mm occlusal plane height, and 3 different occlusal plane heights (9, 12, and 15 mm) with 1 mm collar height. The direct abutment models included 3 different occlusal plane heights (9, 12, and 15 mm) with 1 mm cuff height. Vertical unilateral and bilateral loads of 150 N were applied to the central fossa of the first molar. The stress of the bone around the implant was analyzed by finite element analysis. The results showed that by increasing vertical restorative space, the maximum stress values around implants were decreased in both unilateral and bilateral loading models. The results also showed that the increase in maximum stress values around implants correlated with the ball attachment collar height. The Locator attachment with a 1 mm cuff height and 9 mm occlusal plane height demonstrated 6.147 and 3.914 MPa in unilateral and bilateral loading conditions, respectively. While a reduction in the collar height of a ball-type retention mechanism and an increase in the vertical restorative space in direct abutment retention mechanisms are both biomechanically favorable, and may result in reduced stress in peri-implant bone, a ball attachment seems to be more favorable in the stress distribution around an implant than a Locator attachment. PMID:25574722

Ebadian, Behnaz; Talebi, Saeid; Khodaeian, Niloufar; Farzin, Mahmoud

2015-01-01

291

Attachment in Institutionalized and Community Children in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined attachment in institutionalized and community children 12-31 months of age in Bu- charest, Romania. Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behaviors and ratings of caregiver descriptions in a structured interview. As predicted, children raised in institutions exhibited serious distur- bances of attachment as assessed by all methods. Observed quality of caregiving was related to formation and

Charles H. Zeanah; Anna T. Smyke; Sebastian F. Koga; Elizabeth Carlson

2005-01-01

292

Attachment in Institutionalized and Community Children in Romania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined attachment in institutionalized and community children 12-31 months of age in Bucharest, Romania. Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behaviors and ratings of caregiver descriptions in a structured interview. As predicted, children raised in institutions exhibited serious disturbances of attachment as assessed…

Zeanah, Charles H.; Smyke, Anna T.; Koga, Sebastian F.; Carlson, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

293

Simulations of open water and ship-attached propeller flows  

E-print Network

Home Simulations of open water and ship- attached propeller flows J.P. Pontaza and H.C. Chen of propeller operation are defined by the ship velocity V and the propeller angular velocity , as follows propeller attached to series-60 ship hull #12;Home Ship attachedShip attached ""aheadahead

294

Beyond the borders of reality: Attachment orientations and sexual fantasies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examined the associations between attachment orientations and sexual fantasies. In Study 1, 176 partici- pants completed a sexual fantasy checklist. The findings indicated that attachment anxiety was associated with fre- quent sexual fantasizing (e.g., submission themes). More anxiously attached women were particularly likely to report extrapair fantasies, whereas more anxiously attached men were especially likely to report romantic

GURIT E. BIRNBAUM

2007-01-01

295

The Freedom to Choose Secure Attachment Relationships in Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was based on the attachment-security hypothesis (H. Latty-Mann & K. E. Davis, 1996) that predicts that all individuals, regardless of attachment style, should demonstrate a preference for secure partners who are most likely to offer attachment security. It was therefore expected that with the transfer of attachment functions from…

Keren, Einat; Mayseless, Ofra

2013-01-01

296

Spouses’ Attachment Pairings Predict Neuroendocrine, Behavioral, and Psychological Responses to Marital Conflict  

PubMed Central

This research investigated how spouses’ attachment styles jointly contributed to their stress responses. Newlywed couples discussed relationship conflicts. Salivary cortisol indexed physiological stress; observer-rated behaviors indexed behavioral stress; self-reported distress indexed psychological stress. Multilevel modeling tested predictions that couples including one anxious and one avoidant partner or two anxious partners would show distinctive stress responses. As predicted, couples with anxious wives and avoidant husbands showed physiological reactivity in anticipation of conflict: Both spouses showed sharp increases in cortisol, followed by rapid declines. These couples also showed distinctive behaviors during conflict: Anxious wives had difficulty recognizing avoidant husbands’ distress, and avoidant husbands had difficulty approaching anxious wives for support. Contrary to predictions, couples including two anxious partners did not show distinctive stress responses. Findings suggest that the fit between partners’ attachment styles can improve understanding of relationships by specifying conditions under which partners’ attachment characteristics jointly influence individual and relationship outcomes. PMID:23773048

Beck, Lindsey A.; Pietromonaco, Paula R.; DeBuse, Casey J.; Powers, Sally I.; Sayer, Aline G.

2014-01-01

297

The effect of soil properties on the attachment of MS2 and ØX174 to natural soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The attachment of viruses in the soil-water matrix is an important issue in environmental microbial risk assessment. The effects of different soil properties on the attachment of viruses have been studied using surrogate viruses known as bacteriophages. However, there have been few attempts to link those properties together to give an overall picture of the attachment dynamics. This study measured the attachment of bacteriophages MS2 and ØX174 to 27 natural, highly characterized soils. Statistical analysis was used to identify and rank the soil properties that facilitate virus attachment. Soil samples were mixed with artificial groundwater diluent and 1ml of bacteriophages for 3 hours. Attachment was measured by the reduction in phage titre in the supernatant (SS) relative to controls minus the soil (CS), and was presented as the ratio of SS/CS. The examined soil properties were pH, particle size distribution, moisture content, heterotrophic plate count, total nitrogen, total carbon, extractable acidity (H+) and cations (barium chloride method), and soil bulk X-ray diffraction. Spearman correlation was conducted between the SS/CS value and the tested soil properties. Where the SS/CS value was above 0.1, which showed minimum attachment of the bacteriophage to the soils, the attachment of MS2 was significantly enhanced (p<0.05) by Al (r = - 0.790) and Fe (r = - 0.573), whereas none of the tested elements could significantly enhance the attachment of ØX174. Where the SS/CS value was below 0.1, the attachment of MS2 was significantly inhibited (p<0.05) by H+ (r = 0.764), total nitrogen (r = 0.580) and total carbon (r = 0.713); whereas the attachment of ØX174 was significantly inhibited (p<0.05) only by H+ (r = 0.701).This preliminary result suggested that different bacteriophages may attach to the same soil with different efficiencies, affected by a different set of soil properties.

Hiong, Florence Lee Chi; Pedley, Stephen; Charles, Katrina

2013-04-01

298

Aeroservoelastic DAP missile fin development. [directionally attached piezoelectric actuator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of an active aeroservoelastic missile fin using directionally attached piezoelectric (DAP) actuator elements is detailed. Several different types of actuator elements are examined, including piezoelectric polymers, piezoelectric fiber composites, and conventionally attached piezoelectric (CAP) and DAP elements. These actuator elements are bonded to the substrate of a torque plate. The root of the torque plate is attached to a fuselage hard point or folding pivot. The tip of the plate is bonded to an aerodynamic shell which undergoes a pitch change as the plate twists. The design procedures used on the plate are discussed. A comparison of the various actuator element shows that DAP elements provide the highest deflections with the highest torsional stiffness. A torque plate was constructed from 0.2032 mm thick DAP elements bonded to a 0.127 mm thick AISI 1010 steel substrate. The torque plate produced static twist deflections in excess of +/- 3 deg. An aerodynamic shell with a modified NACA 0012 profile was added to the torque plate. This fin was tested in a wind tunnel at speeds up to 50 ms/sec. The static deflection of the fin was predicted to within 6 percent of the experimental data.

Barrett, Ron

1993-01-01

299

Lightning attachment patterns and flight conditions for storm hazards, 1980  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the NASA Langley Research Center Storm Hazards Program, 69 thunderstorm pentrations were made in 1980 with an F-106B airplane in order to record direct strike lightning data and the associated flight conditions. Ground based weather radar measurements in conjunction with these penetrations were made by NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory in Oklahoma and by NASA Wallops Flight Center in Virginia. In 1980, the airplane received 10 direct lightning strikes; in addition, lightning transient data were recorded from 6 nearby flashes. Following each flight, the airplane was thoroughly inspected for evidence of lightning attachment, and the individual lightning attachment points were plotted on isometric projections of the airplane to identify swept flash patterns. This report presents pilot descriptions of the direct strikes to the airplane, shows the strike attachment patterns that were found, and discusses the implications of the patterns with respect to aircraft protection design. The flight conditions are also included. Finally, the lightning strike scenarios for three U.S. Air Force F-106A airplanes which were struck during routine operations are given in the appendix to this paper.

Fisher, B. D.; Keyser, G. L., Jr.; Deal, P. L.

1982-01-01

300

Attachment Security and Attentional Breadth toward the Attachment Figure in Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase our understanding of the cognitive processes involved in internal working models of attachment, this study investigated the relationship between secure attachment and attentional breadth to mother using a dual task design. The content of the cues (mother vs. unfamiliar women) and the duration of the presentation of the cues (34 msec,…

Bosmans, Guy; Braet, Caroline; Koster, Ernst; De Raedt, Rudi

2009-01-01

301

Measuring Lifestyle and Attachment: An Empirical Investigation Linking Individual Psychology and Attachment Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

P. R. Peluso, J. P. Peluso, J. F. White, and R. M. Kern (2004) reviewed the theoretical constructs underlying the similarities between lifestyle and attachment style. Specifically, they suggested that the individual psychology construct of lifestyle (or style of life) and attachment style should be empirically investigated. The present research…

Peluso, Paul R.; Peluso, Jennifer P.; Buckner, Janine P.; Kern, Roy M.; Curlette, William

2009-01-01

302

The secure-base hypothesis: Global attachment, attachment to counselor, and session exploration in psychotherapy.  

PubMed

This study explored J. Bowlby's (1988) secure-base hypothesis, which predicts that a client's secure attachment to the therapist, as well as the client's and the therapist's global attachment security, will facilitate in-session exploration. Volunteer clients (N = 59) and trainee counselors (N = 59) in short-term therapy completed the Experiences in Close Relationship Scale (K. A. Brennan, C. L. Clark, & P. R. Shaver, 1998) as a measure of adult global romantic and peer attachment orientations; the Client Attachment to Therapist Scale (B. Mallinckrodt, D. L. Gantt, & H. M. Coble, 1995) as a measure of attachment to counselor; the Working Alliance Inventory (A. O. Horvath & L. Greenberg, 1989) as a measure of working alliance; and the Session Evaluation Questionnaire-Depth Subscale (W. B. Stiles & J. S. Snow, 1984) as a measure of session depth. In line with Bowlby's hypothesis, the findings suggest that session depth is related to the client's experience of attachment security with the counselor and that counselor global attachment moderates the relationship between client global attachment and session exploration. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:22017556

Romano, Vera; Fitzpatrick, Marilyn; Janzen, Jennifer

2008-10-01

303

The Secure-Base Hypothesis: Global Attachment, Attachment to Counselor, and Session Exploration in Psychotherapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored J. Bowlby's (1988) secure-base hypothesis, which predicts that a client's secure attachment to the therapist, as well as the client's and the therapist's global attachment security, will facilitate in-session exploration. Volunteer clients (N = 59) and trainee counselors (N = 59) in short-term therapy completed the Experiences…

Romano, Vera; Fitzpatrick, Marilyn; Janzen, Jennifer

2008-01-01

304

PRIVACY REGULATION AND PLACE ATTACHMENT: PREDICTING ATTACHMENTS TO A STUDENT FAMILY HOUSING FACILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although similar processes and functions have been proposed for privacy regulation and place attachment, little theoretical or empirical work encompasses both constructs. In the present study, a theoretical model relates privacy regulation to place attachment in the home. According to this model, the home setting may either facilitate or inhibit privacy regulation with family. When regulation is facilitated, family functioning

PAUL B. HARRIS; BARBARA B. BROWN; CAROL M. WERNER

1996-01-01

305

A PROSPECTIVE 2YEAR CLINICAL EVALUATION OF OVERDENTURES ATTACHED TO NONSPLINTED IMPLANTS UTILIZING ERA ATTACHMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edentulism is a major oral healthcare issue for an ever- increasing older population in the United States. Most previous studies examined the success of overdentures supported by splinted implants utilizing clip bars and other types of attachments. This longitudinal study of 10 consecutive patients involves mandibular overdentures supported by nonsplinted implants with ERA attachments. Two-year results indicate that nonsplinted implants

Lloyd Sherwin Landa; Sang-Choon Cho; Stuart J. Froum; Nicolas Elian; Dennis P. Tarnow

2001-01-01

306

Composition and substrate-dependent strength of the silken attachment discs in spiders.  

PubMed

Araneomorph spiders have evolved different silks with dissimilar material properties, serving different purposes. The two-compound pyriform secretion is used to glue silk threads to substrates or to other threads. It is applied in distinct patterns, called attachment discs. Although ubiquitously found in spider silk applications and hypothesized to be strong and versatile at low material consumption, the performance of attachment discs on different substrates remains unknown. Here, we analyse the detachment forces and fracture mechanics of the attachment discs spun by five different species on three different substrates, by pulling on the upstream part of the attached thread. Results show that although the adhesion of the pyriform glue is heavily affected by the substrate, even on Teflon it is frequently strong enough to hold the spider's weight. As plant surfaces are often difficult to wet, they are hypothesized to be the major driving force for evolution of the pyriform secretion. PMID:25030386

Grawe, Ingo; Wolff, Jonas O; Gorb, Stanislav N

2014-09-01

307

Cob-Weaving Spiders Design Attachment Discs Differently for Locomotion and Prey Capture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spiders' cobwebs ensnare both walking and flying prey. While the scaffolding silk can entangle flying insects, gumfoot silk threads pull walking prey off the ground and into the web. Therefore, scaffolding silk needs to withstand the impact of the prey, whereas gumfoot silk needs to easily detach from the substrate when contacted by prey. Here, we show that spiders accomplish these divergent demands by creating attachment discs of two distinct architectures using the same pyriform silk. A ``staple-pin'' architecture firmly attaches the scaffolding silk to the substrate and a previously unknown ``dendritic'' architecture weakly attaches the gumfoot silk to the substrate. Gumfoot discs adhere weakly, triggering a spring-loaded trap, while the strong adhesion of scaffolding discs compels the scaffolding threads to break instead of detaching. We describe the differences in adhesion for these two architectures using tape-peeling models and design synthetic attachments that reveal important design principles for controlled adhesion.

Sahni, Vasav; Harris, Jared; Blackledge, Todd; Dhinojwala, Ali

2013-03-01

308

Maternal employment and infant-mother attachment security at 12 months postpartum.  

PubMed

This study assessed the association between aspects of mother's employment and security of infant-mother attachment, in combination with proximal (maternal sensitivity) and distal (demographic, maternal, child, child-care) factors. Participants were 145 Australian mothers and their firstborn children. Attachment security was assessed with the Strange Situation at 12 months. Results showed that mothers' prenatal attitudes to work and timing of the return to work made significant, independent contributions to attachment outcomes over and above the effects of proximal and distal predictors. Mothers who expressed more commitment to work and less anxiety about using nonfamily child care, and who returned to work earlier, were more likely to have secure infants. These findings are considered in relation to contemporary expectations about mothers' participation in paid work and other predictors of secure attachment. PMID:12220053

Harrison, Linda J; Ungerer, Judy A

2002-09-01

309

Attachment in Individuals With Social Anxiety Disorder: The Relationship Among Adult Attachment Styles, Social Anxiety, and Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their apparent implications for social functioning, adult attachment styles have never been specifically explored among persons with social anxiety disorder. In the current study, a cluster analysis of the Revised Adult Attachment Scale (N. L. Collins, 1996) revealed that 118 patients with social anxiety were best represented by anxious and secure attachment style clusters. Members of the anxious attachment

Winnie Eng; Richard G. Heimberg; Trevor A. Hart; Franklin R. Schneier; Michael R. Liebowitz

2001-01-01

310

An Exploratory Study of the Association between Reactive Attachment Disorder and Attachment Narratives in Early School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore attachment narratives in children diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD). Method: We compared attachment narratives, as measured by the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task, in a group of 33 children with a diagnosis of RAD and 37 comparison children. Results: The relative risk (RR) for children with RAD having…

Minnis, Helen; Green, Jonathan; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Liew, Ashley; Glaser, D.; Taylor, E.; Follan, M.; Young, D.; Barnes, J.; Gillberg, C.; Pelosi, A.; Arthur, J.; Burston, A.; Connolly, B.; Sadiq, F. A.

2009-01-01

311

Overview for Attached Payload Accommodations and Environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

External payload accommodations are provided at attach sites on the U.S provided ELC, U.S. Truss, the Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility (JEM EF) and the Columbus EPF (External Payload Facilities). The Integrated Truss Segment (ITS) provides the backbone structure for the ISS. It attaches the solar and thermal control arrays to the rest of the complex, and houses cable distribution trays Extravehicular Activity (EVA) support equipment such as handholds and lighting; and providing for Extravehicular Robotic (EVR) accommodations using the Mobile Servicing System (MSS). It also provides logistics and maintenance, and payload attachment sites. The attachment sites accommodate logistics and maintenance and payloads carriers, zenith and nadir. The JEM-EF, a back porch-like attachment to the JEM Pressurized Module, accommodates up to eight payloads, which can be serviced by the crew via the JEM PM's airlock and dedicated robotic arm. The Columbus-EPF is another porch-like platform that can accommodate two zenith and two nadir looking payloads.

Schaffer, Craig; Cook, Gene; Nabizadeh, Rodney; Phillion, James

2007-01-01

312

Ultrasonic device for measuring periodontal attachment levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Periodontal disease is manifested clinically by a degradation of the ligament that attaches the tooth to the bone. The most widely used diagnostic tool for assessment of periodontal diseases, measurement of periodontal attachment loss with a manual probe, may overestimate attachment loss by as much as 2 mm in untreated sites, while underestimating attachment loss by an even greater margin following treatment. Manual probing is also invasive, which causes patient discomfort. This work describes the development and testing of an ultrasonographic periodontal probe designed to replace manual probing. It uses a thin stream of water to project an ultrasonic beam into the periodontal pocket, and then measures echoes off features within the pocket. To do so, the ultrasonic beam must be narrowed from 2 (the diameter of the transducer) to 0.5 mm (the approximate width of the periodontal pocket at the gingival margin). The proper choice of transducer frequency, the proper method for controlling water flow from the probe, and a model for interpreting these echoes are also addressed. Initial results indicate that the device measures echoes from the hard tissue of the tooth surface, and that the periodontal attachment level can be inferred from these echoes.

Lynch, J. E.; Hinders, M. K.

2002-07-01

313

Quality of attachment in St Petersburg (Russian Federation): A sample of family-reared infants.  

PubMed

The study aimed to describe the quality of attachment in the sample of children living in St Petersburg (Russian Federation). Up to the present there were no studies on quality of attachment relationship among infants living in families in the Russian Federation (RF), including families living in St Petersburg. The study results have an important value for understanding of development of attachment patterns in a changing society with a previous history of being a totalitarian state. The St Petersburg sample consisted of 130 children, living in families, aged 11-16 months old (mean = 13.3 months). Children were living in largely normative low-risk families. The Strange Situation Procedure was used (Ainsworth Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978). The attachment categories were classified according to the criteria of the DMM model (Crittenden, 2002). Results presented show that 50% of children showed the complex strategies (pre-A3-4 compulsive caregiving and compliant, pre-C3-4 aggressive and feigned helpless, A/C). It was found that among a St Petersburg sample of families there was small number of children with secure attachment pattern and many children with complex attachment strategies. PMID:20603423

Pleshkova, Natalia L; Muhamedrahimov, Rifkat J

2010-07-01

314

Attachment, caregiving, and altruism: boosting attachment security increases compassion and helping.  

PubMed

Recent studies based on J. Bowlby's (1969/1982) attachment theory reveal that both dispositional and experimentally enhanced attachment security facilitate cognitive openness and empathy, strengthen self-transcendent values, and foster tolerance of out-group members. Moreover, dispositional attachment security is associated with volunteering to help others in everyday life and to unselfish motives for volunteering. The present article reports 5 experiments, replicated in 2 countries (Israel and the United States), testing the hypothesis that increases in security (accomplished through both implicit and explicit priming techniques) foster compassion and altruistic behavior. The hypothesized effects were consistently obtained, and various alternative explanations were explored and ruled out. Dispositional attachment-related anxiety and avoidance adversely influenced compassion, personal distress, and altruistic behavior in theoretically predictable ways. As expected, attachment security provides a foundation for care-oriented feelings and caregiving behaviors, whereas various forms of insecurity suppress or interfere with compassionate caregiving. PMID:16351370

Mikulincer, Mario; Shaver, Phillip R; Gillath, Omri; Nitzberg, Rachel A

2005-11-01

315

Nuclear reactor fuel rod attachment system  

DOEpatents

A reusable system for removably attaching a nuclear reactor fuel rod (12) to a support member (14). A locking cap (22) is secured to the fuel rod (12) and a locking strip (24) is fastened to the support member (14). The locking cap (22) has two opposing fingers (24a and 24b) shaped to form a socket having a body portion (26). The locking strip has an extension (36) shaped to rigidly attach to the socket's body portion (26). The locking cap's fingers are resiliently deflectable. For attachment, the locking cap (22) is longitudinally pushed onto the locking strip (24) causing the extension (36) to temporarily deflect open the fingers (24a and 24b) to engage the socket's body portion (26). For removal, the process is reversed.

Christiansen, David W. (Kennewick, WA)

1982-01-01

316

DETAIL VIEW OF TRAM BUCKET FRAME, SHOWING CLAMPING MECHANISM,WITHOUT ORE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF TRAM BUCKET FRAME, SHOWING CLAMPING MECHANISM,WITHOUT ORE BUCKET AND WHEELS. THE FRAME IS LYING ON ITS SIDE. THE ORE BUCKET WAS ATTACHED TO THE LEFT SIDE, AND TWO WHEELS WERE ATTACHED TO THE SPINDLE ON THE RIGHT. THE FRAME AND BUCKET ARE SUSPENDED FROM THE STATIONARY CABLE BY THE TWO WHEELS, WITH THE ORE BUCKET HANGING BELOW. THE WHEEL AND LEVER AT CENTER WERE ACTIVATED BY THE OPENING AND CLOSING MECHANISMS ON THE TRAM TERMINALS TO LOCK OR RELEASE THE BUCKET ONTO THE MOVING CABLE THAT RAN THROUGH THE SQUARE BLOCK AT CENTER. - Keane Wonder Mine, Park Route 4 (Daylight Pass Cutoff), Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

317

Attachment device for an inflatable protective cushion  

DOEpatents

An inflatable cushion assembly for use with an inflator comprises an inflatable cushion having an inner surface, outer surface, and at least one protrusion extending from one of the inner or outer surfaces. The inflatable cushion defines an opening between the inner surface and the outer surface for receiving the inflator. An attachment member contacts the one of the inner or outer surfaces adjacent the opening and includes a groove for receiving the protrusion, the attachment member securing the inflator within the opening. 22 figs.

Nelsen, J.M.; Luna, D.A.; Gwinn, K.W.

1998-12-08

318

Attachment: A Study of a Child's Attachment to the Teacher as an Outgrowth of Her/His Attachment to the Mother.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the literature on attachment, presents a study of child-teacher attachment, and discusses child-teacher attachment as a secondary relationship influenced by the prototype bonding between mother and child. The literature review traces the development of psychoanalytic thought regarding the mother-child relationship and examines…

Houston, Ann Jespersen

319

MIRLIN HR 4796 Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronomers, using the Keck II telescope in Hawaii, along with a team of scientists from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and the University of Florida, Gainesville, using the Cerro Tololo Observatory in Chile, "have discovered what appears to be the clearest evidence yet of a budding solar system around a nearby star." HR 4796, about 220 light years from Earth, "shows a swirling disk of dust around the star" that portends the building of a star system. The MIRLIN (Mid-InfraRed Large-well Imager) page contains photos, more explanations, and a link to theoretical images and explanation of how a star system forms.

1998-01-01

320

Recognition Driven Page Orientation Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In document image recognition, orientation detection of the scanned page is necessary for the following procedures to work correctly as they assume that the text is well oriented. Several methods have been proposed, but most of them rely on heuristics of the script such as the graphical asymmetry between ascenders and descenders for Roman script. The literature shows that as

Yves Rangoni; Faisal Shafait; Joost van Beusekom; Thomas M. Breuel

2009-01-01

321

Attachment in schizophrenia--implications for research, prevention, and treatment.  

PubMed

Attachment is a promising area for elucidating psychosocial mechanisms important for development, prevention, and treatment of schizophrenia. This report gives a short summary of studies of attachment in psychosis. It was found that dismissing and disorganized forms of attachment were over-represented in psychosis. Evidence pointed to associations between a dismissing attachment pattern and positive psychotic symptoms, negative symptoms, and poor engagement with services. Furthermore, insecure attachment was found to predict impaired recovery from negative symptoms. Possible major risk processes in development linking dismissing attachment to symptom development were externalizing and deactivation of affects and poor mentalization. For a disorganized form of attachment, possible risk mechanisms were heightened stress-sensitivity and dissociation. Based on this initial evidence, further research in attachment in psychosis focusing on these risk mechanisms seems warranted. In addition, the evidence supported a focus on attachment-related risk processes to enhance the prevention and treatment of psychosis. PMID:25232144

Harder, Susanne

2014-11-01

322

In Vitro Attachment of Radioactive Endotoxins to Lysosomes  

PubMed Central

The experiments reported here demonstrate that under certain conditions endotoxin can interact with lysosomes in vitro. After incubation of large granular fraction with 51Cr-labeled antigen under the conditions required for acid hydrolytic activity, radioactivity was associated with the pellet after centrifugation. This effect can be inhibited by preincubation of the large granular fraction with unlabeled homologous or heterologous endotoxins. High resolution autoradiography showed that 14C-labeled endotoxin was predominantly attached to the lysosomes contained in the large granular fraction. The mechanism of this interaction and its relationship to the toxic effect of endotoxins on lysosomes are discussed. Images PMID:4949505

Bona, C.; Chedid, L.; Lamensans, A.

1971-01-01

323

The role of attachment styles in regulating the effects of dopamine on the behavior of salespersons.  

PubMed

TWO CLASSIC STRATEGIC ORIENTATIONS HAVE BEEN FOUND TO PERVADE THE BEHAVIOR OF MODERN SALESPERSONS: a sales orientation (SO) where salespersons use deception or guile to get customers to buy even if they do not need a product, and a customer orientation (CO) where salespersons first attempt to discover the customer's needs and adjust their product and selling approach to meet those needs. Study 1 replicates recent research and finds that the Taq A1 variant of the DRD2 gene is not related to either sales or CO, whereas the 7-repeat variant of the DRD4 gene is related to CO but not SO. Study 2 investigates gene × phenotype explanations of orientation of salespersons, drawing upon recent research in molecular genetics and biological/psychological attachment theory. The findings show that attachment style regulates the effects of DRD2 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the A2/A2 variant but neither the A1/A2 nor A1/A1 variants. Likewise, attachment style regulates the effects of DRD4 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the 7-repeat variant but not other variants. No effects were found on a SO, and secure and anxious attachment styles did not function as moderators. PMID:24550811

Verbeke, Willem; Bagozzi, Richard P; van den Berg, Wouter E

2014-01-01

324

Ultrasound-mediated gene transfection: A comparison between cells irradiated in suspension and attachment status  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sonoporation, in the presence of microbubbles, is a promising nonviral gene transfection method. Although the mechanism is not yet fully understood, shock waves emitted by cavitation bubbles have been known to play an important role in creating pores on cell membranes. This work investigates the gene transfection efficiency and influencing parameters of cells in two different statuses: attachment and suspension based on the fact that cells in suspension have more bubbles surrounding them and that shock wave has distinct effects on hit objects whether the object is attached to a rigid wall or not. Fibroblast cells (NIH3T3), both in attachment and suspension, and green fluorescent protein (GFP) plasmid were exposed to variations in acoustic pressure (0.6-1.2 MPa) and 10% duty cycle at fixed settings of 2 MHz central frequency, 5 kHz pulse repetition frequency and 1 minute insonation time, in the presence of 10% v/v microbubbles (Sonazoid, a commercialized product of ultrasound contrast agent). The transfection efficiency and cell viability are compared for two statuses and a distribution map of GFP transfected cells as well as viable cells over the well bottom is given for attachment status. The results show that cells irradiated in suspension status has higher transfection ratio as well as viability than those irradiated in attachment status with the same intensity and that the transfected cells of attachment status experiment are highly concentrated near the center of the well.

Zhang, Yiwei; Azuma, Takashi; Sasaki, Akira; Yoshinaka, Kiyoshi; Takagi, Shu; Matsumoto, Yoichiro

2012-10-01

325

The role of attachment styles in regulating the effects of dopamine on the behavior of salespersons  

PubMed Central

Two classic strategic orientations have been found to pervade the behavior of modern salespersons: a sales orientation (SO) where salespersons use deception or guile to get customers to buy even if they do not need a product, and a customer orientation (CO) where salespersons first attempt to discover the customer's needs and adjust their product and selling approach to meet those needs. Study 1 replicates recent research and finds that the Taq A1 variant of the DRD2 gene is not related to either sales or CO, whereas the 7-repeat variant of the DRD4 gene is related to CO but not SO. Study 2 investigates gene × phenotype explanations of orientation of salespersons, drawing upon recent research in molecular genetics and biological/psychological attachment theory. The findings show that attachment style regulates the effects of DRD2 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the A2/A2 variant but neither the A1/A2 nor A1/A1 variants. Likewise, attachment style regulates the effects of DRD4 on CO, such that greater avoidant attachment styles lead to higher CO for persons with the 7-repeat variant but not other variants. No effects were found on a SO, and secure and anxious attachment styles did not function as moderators. PMID:24550811

Verbeke, Willem; Bagozzi, Richard P.; van den Berg, Wouter E.

2014-01-01

326

Attached and Planktonic Listeria monocytogenes Global Proteomic Responses and Associated Influence of Strain Genetics and Temperature.  

PubMed

Contamination of industrial and domestic food usage environments by the attachement of bacterial food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes has public health and economic implications. Comprehensive proteomics experiments using label-free liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry were used to compare the proteomes of two different L. monocytogenes strains (Siliken_1/2c and F2365_4b), which show very different capacities to attach to surfaces. Growth temperature and strain type were highly influential on the proteomes in both attached and planktonic cells. On the basis of the proteomic data, it is highly unlikely that specific surface proteins play a direct role in adherence to inanimate surfaces. Instead, strain-dependent responses related to cell envelope polymer biosynthesis and stress response regulation likely contribute to a different ability to attach and also to survive external stressors. Collectively, the divergent proteome-level responses observed define strain- and growth-temperature-dependent differences relevant to attachment efficacy, highlight relevant proteins involved in stress protection in attached cells, and suggest that strain differences and growth conditions are important in relation to environmental persistence. PMID:25516393

Mata, Marcia M; da Silva, Wladimir P; Wilson, Richard; Lowe, Edwin; Bowman, John P

2015-02-01

327

Evaluation of statistical models for predicting Escherichia coli particle attachment in fluvial systems.  

PubMed

Modeling surface water Escherichia coli fate and transport requires partitioning E. coli into particle-attached and unattached fractions. Attachment is often assumed to be a constant fraction or is estimated using simple linear models. The objectives of this study were to: (i) develop statistical models for predicting E. coli attachment and virulence marker presence in fluvial systems, and (ii) relate E. coli attachment to a variety of environmental parameters. Stream water samples (n = 60) were collected at four locations in a rural, mixed-use watershed between June and October 2012, with four storm events (>20 mm rainfall) being captured. The percentage of E. coli attached to particles (>5 ?m) and the occurrences of virulence markers were modeled using water quality, particle concentration, particle size distribution, hydrology and land use factors as explanatory variables. Three types of statistical models appropriate for highly collinear, multidimensional data were compared: least angle shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), classification and regression trees using the general, unbiased, interaction detection and estimation (GUIDE) algorithm, and multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS). All models showed that E. coli particle attachment and the presence of E. coli virulence markers in the attached and unattached states were influenced by a combination of water quality, hydrology, land-use and particle properties. Model performance statistics indicate that MARS models outperform LASSO and GUIDE models for predicting E. coli particle attachment and virulence marker occurrence. Validating the MARS modeling approach in multiple watersheds may allow for the development of a parameterizing model to be included in watershed simulation models. PMID:24075474

Piorkowski, Gregory; Jamieson, Rob; Bezanson, Greg; Hansen, Lisbeth Truelstrup; Yost, Chris

2013-11-01

328

Electron attachment rate constant measurement by photoemission electron attachment ion mobility spectrometry (PE-EA-IMS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photoemission electron attachment ion mobility spectrometry (PE-EA-IMS), with a source of photoelectrons induced by vacuum ultraviolet radiation on a metal surface, has been developed to study electron attachment reaction at atmospheric pressure using nitrogen as the buffer gas. Based on the negative ion mobility spectra, the rate constants for electron attachment to tetrachloromethane and chloroform were measured at ambient temperature as a function of the average electron energy in the range from 0.29 to 0.96 eV. The experimental results are in good agreement with the data reported in the literature.

Su, Desheng; Niu, Wenqi; Liu, Sheng; Shen, Chengyin; Huang, Chaoqun; Wang, Hongmei; Jiang, Haihe; Chu, Yannan

2012-12-01

329

Modulation of osteoblast attachment and growth in vitro by inertial forces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spaceflight exploration and associated experiments show that human bones lose in density during inertial unloading, due principally to their demineralization. This research project examines the effect of gravity on osteoblast attachment and function in various inertial environments. Chicken calvarial osteoblasts were cultured under the following inertial conditions: spaceflight, simulated shuttle launch accelerations and vibrations, centrifugation, clino-rotation, and inversion. Cultures exposed to these conditions were compared with cultures grown in the laboratory as static 1G controls. Electron and light microscopy revealed the number of total osteoblasts attached to their substrate. Biochemical assays discerned changes in viable cell number, alkaline phosphatase levels, and mineralization. Immunohistochemical assays were used to investigate differences in cytoskeletal and extracellular matrix protein concentrations in the cultures, the percentage of proliferative cells, and cell viability. Compared to controls, spaceflight results indicated that the number of attached osteoblast cells was reduced. Launch simulation data indicated that the associated accelerations and vibrations may contribute to the reduction of attached osteoblasts in spaceflight cultures. Following centrifugation, the number of attached cells was unaltered; however, immunostaining of actin, fibronectin, and vinculin did show alterations in cultures exposed to hypergravity. Confluent cultures that were right side up, inverted, and clino-rotated contained a comparable number of attached cells and functioned similarly on the basis of measured alkaline phosphatase and bound calcium content. Sparse clino-rotated or inverted cultures showed an immediate response of diminished viable osteoblast numbers, but this effect disappeared with time and all remaining attached cells functioned similarly (APase and bound calcium). On the basis of these data osteoblast attachment and function in confluent cultures is minimally, if at all, affected by alterations in inertial environments. However, in sparse cultures about half as many cells are found attached initially. The remaining attached cells appear to multiply and function normally. These results suggest that the effects of spaceflight on bone are thus not likely to be caused by direct intrinsic effects of gravity on single osteoblasts that can be simulated in laboratory experiments in vitro experiments.

Kacena, Melissa Ann

1999-11-01

330

Insect attachment on crystalline bioinspired wax surfaces formed by alkanes of varying chain lengths  

PubMed Central

Summary The impeding effect of plant surfaces covered with three-dimensional wax on attachment and locomotion of insects has been shown previously in numerous experimental studies. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different parameters of crystalline wax coverage on insect attachment. We performed traction experiments with the beetle Coccinella septempunctata and pull-off force measurements with artificial adhesive systems (tacky polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres) on bioinspired wax surfaces formed by four alkanes of varying chain lengths (C36H74, C40H82, C44H90, and C50H102). All these highly hydrophobic coatings were composed of crystals having similar morphologies but differing in size and distribution/density, and exhibited different surface roughness. The crystal size (length and thickness) decreased with an increase of the chain length of the alkanes that formed these surfaces, whereas the density of the wax coverage, as well as the surface roughness, showed an opposite relationship. Traction tests demonstrated a significant, up to 30 fold, reduction of insect attachment forces on the wax surfaces when compared with the reference glass sample. Attachment of the beetles to the wax substrates probably relied solely on the performance of adhesive pads. We found no influence of the wax coatings on the subsequent attachment ability of beetles. The obtained data are explained by the reduction of the real contact between the setal tips of the insect adhesive pads and the wax surfaces due to the micro- and nanoscopic roughness introduced by wax crystals. Experiments with polydimethylsiloxane semi-spheres showed much higher forces on wax samples when compared to insect attachment forces measured on these surfaces. We explain these results by the differences in material properties between polydimethylsiloxane probes and tenent setae of C. septempunctata beetles. Among wax surfaces, force experiments showed stronger insect attachment and higher pull-off forces of polydimethylsiloxane probes on wax surfaces having a higher density of wax coverage, created by smaller crystals. PMID:25161838

Böhm, Sandro; Jacky, Nadine; Maier, Louis-Philippe; Dening, Kirstin; Pechook, Sasha; Pokroy, Boaz; Gorb, Stanislav

2014-01-01

331

Pressure and temperature dependence of dissociative and non-dissociative electron attachment to CF3: Experiments and kinetic modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The kinetics of electron attachment to CF3 as a function of temperature (300-600 K) and pressure (0.75-2.5 Torr) were studied by variable electron and neutral density attachment mass spectrometry exploiting dissociative electron attachment to CF3Br as a radical source. Attachment occurs through competing dissociative (CF3 + e- ? CF2 + F-) and non-dissociative channels (CF3 + e- ? CF3-). The rate constant of the dissociative channel increases strongly with temperature, while that of the non-dissociative channel decreases. The rate constant of the non-dissociative channel increases strongly with pressure, while that of the dissociative channel shows little dependence. The total rate constant of electron attachment increases with temperature and with pressure. The system is analyzed by kinetic modeling in terms of statistical theory in order to understand its properties and to extrapolate to conditions beyond those accessible in the experiment.

Shuman, Nicholas S.; Miller, Thomas M.; Friedman, Jeffrey F.; Viggiano, Albert A.; Maergoiz, Anatol I.; Troe, Jürgen

2011-08-01

332

Attachment and physiological reactivity to infant crying in young adulthood: Dissociation between experiential and physiological arousal in insecure adoptees.  

PubMed

The associations between attachment representations of adopted young adults and their experiential and physiological arousal to infant crying were examined. Attachment representations were assessed with the Attachment Script Assessment (ASA), and the young adults listened to infant cries, during which ratings of cry perception were collected and physiological reactivity was measured. Secure adoptees showed a well-integrated response to infant distress: heart-rate increases and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) withdrawal were coupled with heightened perception of urgency in these individuals. In insecure adoptees RSA withdrawal was absent, and a combination of lowered perceived urgency and heightened sympathetic arousal was found, reflecting a deactivating style of emotional reactivity. Overall, our findings support the idea that internal working models of attachment explain individual differences in the way attachment-related information is processed. PMID:25460537

Schoenmaker, Christie; Huffmeijer, Renske; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J; van den Dries, Linda; Linting, Mariëlle; van der Voort, Anja; Juffer, Femmie

2015-02-01

333

He loves her, he loves her not: attachment style as a personality antecedent to men's ambivalent sexism.  

PubMed

The authors present an integrative account of how attachment insecurities relate to sexism. Two studies showed that attachment avoidance predisposes men to endorse hostile but to reject benevolent sexism (BS), whereas attachment anxiety predisposes men toward ambivalent (both hostile and benevolent) sexism. The authors also tested predicted mediators, finding that men's social dominance orientation (a competitive intergroup ideology) mediated the avoidance to hostile sexism link. In addition, romanticism (an idealized interpersonal ideology) mediated attachment insecurity to BS links: (a) Avoidant men tended to reject romanticism (i.e., were cynical about romance) and, in turn, were likely to reject BS, whereas (b) anxious men tended to endorse romanticism (i.e., were idealistic about romance) and, in turn, likely to endorse BS. The authors conclude that men's sexism stems in part from dispositional attachment working models, both directly and through the interpersonal and intergroup ideologies they generate. PMID:22854788

Hart, Joshua; Hung, Jacqueline A; Glick, Peter; Dinero, Rachel E

2012-11-01

334

Reactive attachment disorder as an evolutionary adaptation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that the behaviours associated with the formal diagnosis of the “disinhibited” form of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) might be seen as a functional adaptation rather than a mental health problem, a facultative response enhancing the probability of survival that is triggered by certain conditions. Although disinhibited RAD is most commonly observed in institutionalised children, similar behaviours may

Robin Balbernie

2010-01-01

335

Childhood Abuse and Attachment Styles of Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The fact that emotional and social experiences in early childhood period within the family influence the experiences in adolescence and adulthood (communication skills, interpersonal relations) is not a new case. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the relationship between childhood abuse and attachment styles. Method: The…

Karakus, Ozlem

2012-01-01

336

Platinum attachments on iron oxide nanoparticle surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Platinum nanoparticles supported on metal oxide surfaces have shown great potential as heterogeneous catalysts to accelerate electrochemical processes, such as the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. Recently, the use of magnetic supports has become a promising research topic for easy separation and recovery of catalysts using magnets, such as Pt nanoparticles supported on iron oxide nanoparticles. The attachment of

Soubantika Palchoudhury; Yaolin Xu; Wei An; C. Heath Turner; Yuping Bao

2010-01-01

337

Adult Attachment and Patterns of Extradyadic Involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between patterns of extradyadic involvement (EDI) and adult attach- ment were examined separately with undergraduates and community adults reporting prior EDI. Those with fearful or preoccupied styles reported more intimacy motivations for EDI, and undergraduates with these styles also reported more self-esteem moti- vations. Conversely, those with a dismissive style reported more autonomy motivations for EDI. Those with a

Elizabeth S. Allen; DONALD H. BAUCOMw

2004-01-01

338

Reactive Attachment Disorder in Maltreated Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine if Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) can be reliably identified in maltreated toddlers in foster care, if the two types of RAD are independent, and to estimate the prevalence of RAD in these maltreated toddlers. Methods: Clinicians treating 94 maltreated toddlers in foster care were interviewed regarding signs of…

Zeanah, Charles H.; Scheeringa, Michael; Boris, Neil W.; Heller, Sherryl S.; Smyke, Anna T.; Trapani, Jennifer

2004-01-01

339

Reactive attachment disorder as an evolutionary adaptation.  

PubMed

This paper suggests that the behaviours associated with the formal diagnosis of the "disinhibited" form of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) might be seen as a functional adaptation rather than a mental health problem, a facultative response enhancing the probability of survival that is triggered by certain conditions. Although disinhibited RAD is most commonly observed in institutionalised children, similar behaviours may also be a part of the emotional difficulties displayed by some fostered and adopted children (the latter includes those once institutionalised), and these may demonstrate not so much a discrete attachment disorder as either the need to fend for oneself following loss of dedicated caregiving or a lack of opportunity to build specific intimate relationships with dedicated caregivers. In many cases this may be inextricably mixed with the neurobiological and psychological seqelae of maltreatment. Indiscriminate attachment behaviour, from this proposed evolutionary perspective, is less a syndrome of mental ill-health than an astute survival manoeuvre following being orphaned, abandoned or fecklessly reared. Such a response, allied to the innate facility to access caregiving from different adults, could be expected to be initiated by specific events as are the other attachment configurations. Classing disinhibited RAD as an adaptation has implications for helping children brought up under extreme duress when their caregiving environment has changed for the better. PMID:20473797

Balbernie, Robin

2010-05-01

340

Attachment A Certificate in Global Health  

E-print Network

Attachment A Certificate in Global Health Core Competencies Candidates who successfully complete the Certificate in Global Health will have achieved the following educational benchmarks: Expansion and discussion of their knowledge of major themes and trends in global health; Enhancement of their communication skills for trans

Sheridan, Jennifer

341

Surface attachment induces Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence.  

PubMed

Pseudomonas aeruginosa infects every type of host that has been examined by deploying multiple virulence factors. Previous studies of virulence regulation have largely focused on chemical cues, but P. aeruginosa may also respond to mechanical cues. Using a rapid imaging-based virulence assay, we demonstrate that P. aeruginosa activates virulence in response to attachment to a range of chemically distinct surfaces, suggesting that this bacterial species responds to mechanical properties of its substrates. Surface-activated virulence requires quorum sensing, but activating quorum sensing does not induce virulence without surface attachment. The activation of virulence by surfaces also requires the surface-exposed protein PilY1, which has a domain homologous to a eukaryotic mechanosensor. Specific mutation of the putative PilY1 mechanosensory domain is sufficient to induce virulence in non-surface-attached cells, suggesting that PilY1 mediates surface mechanotransduction. Triggering virulence only when cells are both at high density and attached to a surface—two host-nonspecific cues—explains how P. aeruginosa precisely regulates virulence while maintaining broad host specificity. PMID:25385640

Siryaporn, Albert; Kuchma, Sherry L; O'Toole, George A; Gitai, Zemer

2014-11-25

342

OPTIMAL COST CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR ATTACHED ALGAE  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents a cost-benefit analysis for alternative programs intended for the control of the nuisance growth of an attached alga (Cladophora). Such analyses require that changes in water quality be quantitatively related to the cost of implementation for specific manageme...

343

Migrant Farmworkers and Their Attachment to Farmwork.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data obtained in December 1979 from the biennial Hired Farm Working Force Survey supplement of the Current Population Survey, case weights were applied to obtain a sample of 149 migrant farmworker case studies (selected from an estimated 217,000 migrant farmworkers) to ascertain the agricultural attachment level of migrant farmworkers in…

Whitener, Leslie A.

344

Omnidirectional Vision Attachment for Medical Endoscopes  

E-print Network

such that an affected area could be overlooked since the gastrointestinal system is intricate and the inside shaped that the field behind an endoscope tip can be observed using the attachment. 1 Introduction Examining digestive of the most common methods for digestive disease investigations. The numbers of examinations are about 5, 6

Sagawa, Ryusuke

345

The statistical behaviour of attached eddies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Townsend's attached eddy hypothesis forms the basis of an established model of the logarithmic layer in wall-bounded turbulent flows in which this inertially dominated region is characterised by a hierarchy of geometrically self-similar eddying motions that scale with their distance to the wall. The hypothesis has gained considerable support from high Reynolds number measurements of the second-order moments of the fluctuating velocities. Recently, Meneveau and Marusic ["Generalized logarithmic law for high-order moments in turbulent boundary layers," J. Fluid Mech. 719, R1 (2013)] presented experimental evidence that all even-ordered moments of the streamwise velocity will exhibit a logarithmic dependence on the distance from the wall. They demonstrated that this was consistent with the attached eddy hypothesis, so long as the velocity distribution is assumed to be Gaussian (which allows the use of the central limit theorem). In this paper, we derive this result from the attached eddy model without assuming a Gaussian velocity distribution, and find that such logarithmic behaviours are valid in the large Reynolds number limit. We also revisit the physical and mathematical basis of the attached eddy hypothesis, in order to increase rigour and minimise the assumptions required to apply the hypothesis. To this end, we have extended the proof of Campbell's theorem to apply to the velocity field corresponding to a forest of variously sized eddies that are randomly placed on the wall. This enables us to derive all moments of the velocity in the logarithmic region, including cross-correlations between different components of the velocity. By contrast, previous studies of the attached eddy hypothesis have considered only the mean velocity and its second order moments. From this, we obtain qualitatively correct skewnesses and flatnesses for the spanwise and wall-normal fluctuations. The issue of the Reynolds number dependence of von Kármán's constant is also addressed.

Woodcock, J. D.; Marusic, I.

2015-01-01

346

Electron attachment to halomethanes at high temperatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have modified our high-temperature flowing-afterglow apparatus to include a movable Langmuir probe, a 4-needle reactant gas inlet, and a microwave discharge plasma source for the purpose of measuring electron attachment rate constants at high temperatures. We have focused initially on molecules which have very small attachment rate constants, ka, at room temperature to see if their behavior at high temperatures can be described in Arrhenius fashion. We have reported ka for CH3Cl, but only above 600 K, because the value at 600 K was quite small: 5.8 x10-12 cm^3 s-1. The Arrhenius plot for these data imply ka = 10-17 cm^3 s-1 at 300 K, a value that is so small as to be immeasurable with any current apparatus. We now have ka for other halomethanes, CF3Cl, CF2Cl2, and CH2Cl2. The halomethane data cover seven orders-of-magnitude in ka. Electron attachment to CF3Cl is endothermic by 143 meV at 300 K, but our measurements indicate that there is a barrier of about 400 meV, probably related to the energy at which the anion surface crosses that of the neutral. The reactions for CH3Cl, CF2Cl2, and CH2Cl2 are exothermic, but our data again indicate large barriers to attachment which accounts for the extremely slow attachment at 300 K. From these data and literature measurements at 300 K, one can make educated guesses as to the behavior of ka for other halomethanes.

Miller, T. M.; Friedman, J. F.; Schaffer, L. C.; Viggiano, A. A.

2009-10-01

347

Investigating the effect of surface topography on hydrophobicity and bacterial attachment on polystyrene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present an investigation into the effects of surface topography (roughness) and hydrophobicity (contact angle measurement) on bacteria adhesion for polystyrene materials. The surfaces of polystyrene substrates were patterned using UV-laser radiation with a wavelength of 193 nm under different conditions. Various surface topographies were fabricated and were measured by an optical surface profiler and contact angle measurements were recorded. For the bacterial adhesion experiments, an assay of Escherichia coli (E. coli) was developed and used for measurements on both as-received and modified polystyrene surfaces. The method is based on the staining of attached bacterial cells with the nucleic acid-binding, green fluorescent DAPI (4?, 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) stain. The preliminary results show that laser-assisted modification induced by laser ablation can make polystyrene substrates either more hydrophilic (with oxygen) or more hydrophobic (with air). The contact angle can be varied from 37° to 108°. The results on bacterial attachment show that the polystyrene substrates as received have no bacteria attached, indicating a good anti-bacterial performance. The treated substrates show some bacterial attachment and, in particular, the surfaces with a high contact angle have much higher numbers of bacterial cells attached. This indicates that such a laser-assisted process with air can make polystyrene surfaces more attractive to E. coli bacteria.

Mohamad, A. J.; Zhu, X.; Tian, Y.; Wellington, E. M. H.; Pfleging, W.; Liu, X.

2014-04-01

348

Mentalization and attachment representations: a theoretical contribution to the understanding of reactive attachment disorder.  

PubMed

This article proposes an understanding of children with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) through psychoanalytic thought and mentalization theory. RAD is presented followed by a discussion on attachment and the need for a better understanding of this disorder. Theories from British psychoanalytic thinkers are used to describe what might be transpiring in the early relationship between mother and child. Particular attention is given to how children's internal objects are influenced by a compromised early mother-child relationship. PMID:24552428

Mikic, Natalie; Terradas, Miguel M

2014-01-01

349

The use and limitations of attachment theory in child psychotherapy.  

PubMed

Attachment theory and research has proliferated in recent years, spawning new ideas and applications to child therapy. Some of those interventions are creative and useful and rest on solid theory and research, whereas others derive from tenuous assumptions. As an important developmental construct, attachment plays a role in every therapy, but defining that role can be difficult. Therapists must recognize the significance of attachment in treatment but not at the expense of recognizing and treating other issues. This article provides an overview of attachment theory and attachment-based interventions and discusses how to apply those constructs to therapeutic work with children. It reviews attachment theory, assessment, and treatments, and discusses how attachment-focused interventions can be combined with other therapeutic needs and methods. It also considers limitations in the current clinical application of attachment and makes recommendations for further research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23398037

Zilberstein, Karen

2014-03-01

350

Reactive Attachment Disorder: A Preventable Mental Health Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo discuss attachment disorders; most specifically, Reactive Attachment Disorder, its etiology, background causes, symptoms, and its prevention with the intervention of allopathic, chiropractic, naturopathic, and osteopathic physicians.

James J. Lehman; Shereen K. Jegtvig

2004-01-01

351

Attachment in institutionalized and community children in Romania.  

PubMed

This study examined attachment in institutionalized and community children 12-31 months of age in Bucharest, Romania. Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behaviors and ratings of caregiver descriptions in a structured interview. As predicted, children raised in institutions exhibited serious disturbances of attachment as assessed by all methods. Observed quality of caregiving was related to formation and organization of attachment in children living in institutions. These results held even when other variables, such as cognitive level, perceived competence, and quantitative interaction ratings, were controlled for. Ratings of attachment behavior in the Strange Situation and caregiver reports of signs of Reactive Attachment Disorder converged moderately. The implications of these findings for different perspectives on attachment are discussed. PMID:16149999

Zeanah, Charles H; Smyke, Anna T; Koga, Sebastian F; Carlson, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

352

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2010-07-01

353

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2011-07-01

354

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2013-07-01

355

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2014-07-01

356

32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department... Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, Att. D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147—Decision...

2012-07-01

357

Attachment 1 Cornell Technology Acceleration and Maturation (CTAM) Fund  

E-print Network

Attachment 1 Cornell Technology Acceleration and Maturation (CTAM) Fund Application Form Summary of the Technology Proposed for Maturation/Acceleration: Market Needs Addressed: Doc. Ref.: CTAM indicate required fields #12;Attachment 1 Cornell Technology Acceleration and Maturation (CTAM) Fund

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

358

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a device attached to a mechanical ventilator that allows spontaneous breathing by a patient while providing mechanical ventilation at a preset rate. (b)...

2011-04-01

359

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

... (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a device attached to a mechanical ventilator that allows spontaneous breathing by a patient while providing mechanical ventilation at a preset rate. (b)...

2014-04-01

360

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a device attached to a mechanical ventilator that allows spontaneous breathing by a patient while providing mechanical ventilation at a preset rate. (b)...

2012-04-01

361

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a device attached to a mechanical ventilator that allows spontaneous breathing by a patient while providing mechanical ventilation at a preset rate. (b)...

2013-04-01

362

21 CFR 868.5955 - Intermittent mandatory ventilation attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (a) Identification. An intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) attachment is a device attached to a mechanical ventilator that allows spontaneous breathing by a patient while providing mechanical ventilation at a preset rate. (b)...

2010-04-01

363

Combinatorial discovery of polymers resistant to bacterial attachment  

E-print Network

Bacterial attachment and subsequent biofilm formation pose key challenges to the optimal performance of medical devices. In this study, we determined the attachment of selected bacterial species to hundreds of polymeric ...

Hook, Andrew L

364

30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2013-07-01

365

30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2012-07-01

366

30 CFR 56.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2010-07-01

367

30 CFR 56.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2012-07-01

368

30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2012-07-01

369

30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2010-07-01

370

30 CFR 56.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2012-07-01

371

30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2011-07-01

372

30 CFR 57.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2013-07-01

373

30 CFR 57.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2011-07-01

374

30 CFR 57.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2011-07-01

375

30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2010-07-01

376

30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2013-07-01

377

30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.  

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2014-07-01

378

30 CFR 57.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2013-07-01

379

30 CFR 57.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2010-07-01

380

30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2010-07-01

381

30 CFR 57.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2014-07-01

382

30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

...MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2014-07-01

383

30 CFR 57.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2010-07-01

384

30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2011-07-01

385

30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2010-07-01

386

30 CFR 56.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2014-07-01

387

30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2012-07-01

388

30 CFR 77.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2014-07-01

389

30 CFR 56.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2011-07-01

390

30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2012-07-01

391

30 CFR 56.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2013-07-01

392

30 CFR 57.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2014-07-01

393

30 CFR 75.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2011-07-01

394

30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.  

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2014-07-01

395

30 CFR 57.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2012-07-01

396

30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2012-07-01

397

30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2010-07-01

398

30 CFR 56.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2014-07-01

399

30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2011-07-01

400

30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2013-07-01

401

30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2013-07-01

402

30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.  

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2014-07-01

403

30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2013-07-01

404

30 CFR 57.19025 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2011-07-01

405

30 CFR 56.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2011-07-01

406

30 CFR 56.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2010-07-01

407

30 CFR 56.19030 - Safety device attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19030 Safety device attachments...Safety device attachments to hoist ropes shall be selected, installed...corrosion and weakening of the hoist rope. Headframes and...

2013-07-01

408

30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2010-07-01

409

30 CFR 77.1435 - Load end attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1435 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2012-07-01

410

30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2011-07-01

411

30 CFR 56.19025 - Load end attachments.  

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19025 Load end attachments. (a) Wire rope shall be attached to the load by...spelter) shall be used for socketing wire ropes. Design feature means either...

2014-07-01

412

30 CFR 57.19027 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19027 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2012-07-01

413

30 CFR 75.1437 - End attachment retermination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1437 End attachment... Damaged or deteriorated wire rope shall be removed by cutoff and the rope reterminated where there is— (a) More than one broken wire at an attachment;...

2013-07-01

414

30 CFR 57.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to...

2012-07-01

415

30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to machines in a suitable manner to...

2011-07-01

416

30 CFR 56.12038 - Attachment of trailing cables.  

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Electricity § 56.12038 Attachment of trailing cables. Trailing cables shall be attached to machines in a suitable manner to...

2014-07-01

417

21 CFR 868.5965 - Positive end expiratory pressure breathing attachment.  

... false Positive end expiratory pressure breathing attachment. 868.5965...5965 Positive end expiratory pressure breathing attachment. (a) Identification. A positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) breathing attachment...

2014-04-01

418

IBM Research Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of IBM Research with hyperlinks to pages covering their activities in numerous scientific disciplines, including electrical engineering, materials science, physics, communications technology, semiconductor technology, storage, and server & embedded systems.

2010-07-07

419

Attaching Thermocouples by Peening or Crimping  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two simple, effective techniques for attaching thermocouples to metal substrates have been devised for high-temperature applications in which attachment by such conventional means as welding, screws, epoxy, or tape would not be effective. The techniques have been used successfully to attach 0.005- in. (0.127-mm)-diameter type-S thermocouples to substrates of niobium alloy C-103 and stainless steel 416 for measuring temperatures up to 2,600 F (1,427 C). The techniques are equally applicable to other thermocouple and substrate materials. In the first technique, illustrated in the upper part of the figure, a hole slightly wider than twice the diameter of one thermocouple wire is drilled in the substrate. The thermocouple is placed in the hole, then the edge of the hole is peened in one or more places by use of a punch (see figure). The deformed material at the edge secures the thermocouple in the hole. In the second technique a hole is drilled as in the first technique, then an annular relief area is machined around the hole, resulting in structure reminiscent of a volcano in a crater. The thermocouple is placed in the hole as in the first technique, then the "volcano" material is either peened by use of a punch or crimped by use of sidecutters to secure the thermocouple in place. This second technique is preferable for very thin thermocouples [wire diameter .0.005 in. (.0.127 mm)] because standard peening poses a greater risk of clipping one or both of the thermocouple wires. These techniques offer the following advantages over prior thermocouple-attachment techniques: . Because these techniques involve drilling of very small holes, they are minimally invasive . an important advantage in that, to a first approximation, the thermal properties of surrounding areas are not appreciably affected. . These techniques do not involve introduction of any material, other than the substrate and thermocouple materials, that could cause contamination, could decompose, or oxidize at high measurement temperatures. . The simplicity of these techniques makes it possible to attach thermocouples quickly. . These techniques can be used to attach thermocouples at locations where access is somewhat restricted by the surrounding objects.

Murtland, Kevin; Cox, Robert; Immer, Christopher

2006-01-01

420

The flagellar attachment zone of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigote forms.  

PubMed

The flagellar attachment zone (FAZ) is an adhesion region of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigote forms where the flagellum emerges from the flagellar pocket and remains attached to the cell body. This region shows a junctional complex which is formed by a linear series of apposed macular structures that are separated by amorphous material and clusters of intramembranous particles. Two protein groups appear to be important in the FAZ region: a membrane glycoprotein of 72kDa and several high molecular weight proteins. To gain a better understanding of the FAZ region, we compared wild-type Y strain T. cruzi epimastigotes with a mutant cell in which the 72-kDa surface glycoprotein (Gp72), involved in cell body-flagellum adhesion, had been deleted by target gene replacement. Using immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and electron microscopy techniques to analyze the FAZ region the results suggest that, in the absence of Gp72, other proteins involved in the formation of FAZ remain concentrated in the flagellar pocket region. The analysis of a 3-D reconstruction model of wild-type epimastigotes showed that the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrion are in intimate association with FAZ, in contrast to the null mutant cells where the endoplasmic reticulum was not visualized. PMID:16414276

Rocha, Gustavo Miranda; Brandão, Bruno Alves; Mortara, Renato Arruda; Attias, Márcia; de Souza, Wanderley; Carvalho, Tecia M U

2006-04-01

421

Vibrio cholerae use pili and flagella synergistically to effect motility switching and conditional surface attachment.  

PubMed

We show that Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, use their flagella and mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (MSHA) type IV pili synergistically to switch between two complementary motility states that together facilitate surface selection and attachment. Flagellar rotation counter-rotates the cell body, causing MSHA pili to have periodic mechanical contact with the surface for surface-skimming cells. Using tracking algorithms at 5?ms resolution we observe two motility behaviours: 'roaming', characterized by meandering trajectories, and 'orbiting', characterized by repetitive high-curvature orbits. We develop a hydrodynamic model showing that these phenotypes result from a nonlinear relationship between trajectory shape and frictional forces between pili and the surface: strong pili-surface interactions generate orbiting motion, increasing the local bacterial loiter time. Time-lapse imaging reveals how only orbiting mode cells can attach irreversibly and form microcolonies. These observations suggest that MSHA pili are crucial for surface selection, irreversible attachment, and ultimately microcolony formation. PMID:25234699

Utada, Andrew S; Bennett, Rachel R; Fong, Jiunn C N; Gibiansky, Maxsim L; Yildiz, Fitnat H; Golestanian, Ramin; Wong, Gerard C L

2014-01-01

422

Predictors of treatment use among foster mothers in an attachment-based intervention program.  

PubMed

The current study examined predictors of treatment use among 56 foster mothers who participated in an attachment-based intervention program for foster infants. Foster mothers' levels of treatment use were coded at early, middle, and late phases of the intervention program. Foster mothers' states of mind with regard to attachment predicted their understanding of the intervention session concepts. Specifically, autonomous foster mothers showed higher levels of understanding at the start of the intervention program, when compared with non-autonomous foster mothers. State of mind with regard to attachment also predicted foster mothers' levels of reflective functioning during the intervention sessions. Autonomous foster mothers showed higher levels of reflective functioning at early, middle, and late stages of the intervention program, when compared with non-autonomous foster mothers. The relevance of these findings for both treatment effectiveness and treatment delivery is discussed. PMID:22856617

Bick, Johanna; Dozier, Mary; Moore, Shannon

2012-01-01

423

Vibrio cholerae use pili and flagella synergistically to effect motility switching and conditional surface attachment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, use their flagella and mannose-sensitive hemagglutinin (MSHA) type IV pili synergistically to switch between two complementary motility states that together facilitate surface selection and attachment. Flagellar rotation counter-rotates the cell body, causing MSHA pili to have periodic mechanical contact with the surface for surface-skimming cells. Using tracking algorithms at 5?ms resolution we observe two motility behaviours: ‘roaming', characterized by meandering trajectories, and ‘orbiting’, characterized by repetitive high-curvature orbits. We develop a hydrodynamic model showing that these phenotypes result from a nonlinear relationship between trajectory shape and frictional forces between pili and the surface: strong pili–surface interactions generate orbiting motion, increasing the local bacterial loiter time. Time-lapse imaging reveals how only orbiting mode cells can attach irreversibly and form microcolonies. These observations suggest that MSHA pili are crucial for surface selection, irreversible attachment, and ultimately microcolony formation.

Utada, Andrew S.; Bennett, Rachel R.; Fong, Jiunn C. N.; Gibiansky, Maxsim L.; Yildiz, Fitnat H.; Golestanian, Ramin; Wong, Gerard C. L.

2014-09-01

424

Distinct but overlapping neural networks subserve depression and insecure attachment.  

PubMed

Insecure attachment has been linked to depression and to outcome in psychotherapy. The neural mechanisms subserving the relationship between attachment security and depression are not well understood. We have developed a method to examine attachment-related brain activity in depression. Twenty-eight women, half depressed, viewed images of their mother, a female friend, and female strangers during fMRI scanning. The effects of depression and insecure attachment were determined with whole-brain multiple linear regression of blood-oxygen-level-dependent response against subjects' Beck Depression Inventory and Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coherence of mind scores. Interaction effects were analyzed with ANOVA. Activity associated with depression and with insecure attachment was found in the cortico-striato-thalamic circuits of affect regulation. For early attachment (mother-friend contrast), depression scores correlated with activation of cortical and sub-cortical components of these circuits, while attachment insecurity correlated with sub-cortical activity in the same circuitry. Depression and attachment insecurity correlated with both cortical and sub-cortical activities for mother-stranger, and areas of overlap and of enhancing interactions between depression and insecure attachment were found. For late attachment (friend-stranger contrast), only cortical effects were found. Depression and attachment insecurity may be subserved by similar but distinct components of affect regulating circuits. Their interactions may explain the greater difficulty of treating depression in insecurely attached patients and suggest a contributing role for insecure attachment in depression. Further, differential sub-cortical vs cortical encoding of early vs late attachment suggests a top-down model of late attachment, potentially relevant to psychotherapeutic outcome. PMID:22037687

Galynker, Igor I; Yaseen, Zimri S; Katz, Curren; Zhang, Xian; Jennings-Donovan, Gillian; Dashnaw, Stephen; Hirsch, Joy; Mayberg, Helen; Cohen, Lisa J; Winston, Arnold

2012-11-01

425

Assessment of attachment behaviour to human caregivers in wolf pups (Canis lupus lupus).  

PubMed

Previous research suggested that 16-week old dog pups, but not wolf pups, show attachment behaviour to a human caregiver. Attachment to a caregiver in dog pups has been demonstrated by differential responding to a caregiver compared to a stranger in the Ainsworth Strange Situation Test. We show here that 3-7 week old wolf pups also show attachment-like behaviour to a human caregiver as measured by preferential proximity seeking, preferential contact, and preferential greeting to a human caregiver over a human stranger in a modified and counterbalanced version of the Ainsworth Strange Situation Test. In addition, our results show that preferential responding to a caregiver over a stranger is only apparent following brief isolation. In initial episodes, wolf pups show no differentiation between the caregiver and the stranger; however, following a 2-min separation, the pups show proximity seeking, more contact, and more greeting to the caregiver than the stranger. These results suggest intensive human socialization of a wolf can lead to attachment-like responding to a human caregiver during the first two months of a wolf pup's life. PMID:25447510

Hall, Nathaniel J; Lord, Kathryn; Arnold, Anne-Marie K; Wynne, Clive D L; Udell, Monique A R

2015-01-01

426

Solitary intracranial osteoma with attachment to the falx: a case report  

PubMed Central

Background Intracranial osteomas are uncommon lesions that usually arise from the inner table of the cranium. There are few reports in the literature of intracranial osteomas with meninges attachment and without direct relation with the skull bone; these osteomas were mostly attached with dura. We report a rare osteoma with falx attachment. Case A 64-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of intermittent tinnitus and dizziness. The scout film of petrous bone computed tomography scan revealed a high-density lesion in the frontal area. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 2.5-cm mass attached to the surface of the falx in the right frontal parasagittal area. The patient underwent right frontal craniotomy, and a bony hard mass was found located in the right frontal parasagittal region extra-axially, with its medial surface attached to the falx. It could not be broken down by the cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator or even the cutting loop and was detached from the falx and removed in one piece. Histopathological examination showed a nodule with bony trabeculae and bone marrow tissue, compatible with osteoma. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged from the hospital with no neurological deficits one week after operation. Conclusions This is the first case report in the English literature of an intracranial osteoma arising from the falx. Because of their slow growth and their locations in silent brain areas, intracranial osteomas are usually diagnosed incidentally. Surgical resection is the primary treatment choice. PMID:24010982

2013-01-01

427

Histological patterns of the intestinal attachment of Corynosoma australe (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) in Arctocephalus australis (Mammalia: Pinnipedia).  

PubMed

The mucosal attachment pattern of Corynosoma australe in the intestines of Arctocephalus australis is described. Normal and abnormal tissue were sampled from 32 hosts to be submitted to histological routine protocol to embedding in paraffin and permanent mounting in balsam. Corynosoma australe shows three different degrees of body depth intestinal attachment (BDINA-1-3). BDINA-1: it is exclusive of the small intestine and the parasite attaches on the villi; BDINA-2: parasite affects the Lieberkühn crypts in several depth levels and, BDINA-3: the parasite reaches the submucosa. These attachment patterns alter the mucosa by degeneration and dysfunction due to necrosis of mucosal structure, great quantities of cellular debris and significant reduction of the mucosal thickness. Other aspects are crater-like concave holes (CLCHs) as sites where C. australe could be attached-detached several times according to adult migratory processes within luminal intestine space. The submucosa shows edema probably due to the local mucosal alterations resulting in homeostatic break. There is no severe inflammatory response by host but BDINA-1 to BDINA-3 and CLCH could represent foci to secondary opportunistic infections and significant areas of malabsorption in severally infected hosts contributing to increase clinical signs of preexistent pathologies. PMID:25320494

Silva, Renato Z; Pereira, Joaber; Cousin, João Carlos B

2014-12-01

428

Page 1 of 6 MULTI-USE LIST FOR THE PROVISION OF SAP AND ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS  

E-print Network

area and attach the Schedule(s) to your Application. Business Analysis and Architecture Including and implementation of business systems, including requirements specification, process analysis and design, business Address #12;Page 2 of 6 Your Business Provide a statement that outlines the core business of your

Greenslade, Diana

429

The Development of an Assessment Protocol for Reactive Attachment Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a battery of semi-structured interviews, global assessment scales, attachment-specific scales, and behavioral observations to help mental health counselors identify Reactive Attachment Disorder, a syndrome associated with extreme attachment problems. (Contains 25 references and 2 tables.) (GCP)

Sheperis, Carl J.; Doggett, R. Anthony; Hoda, Nicholas E.; Blanchard, Tracy; Renfro-Michel, Edina L.; Holdiness, Sacky H.; Schlagheck, Robyn

2003-01-01

430

Adult Attachment and Disordered Eating in Undergraduate Men and Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research on gender differences between males and females on the risk factors leading to disordered eating is sparse, especially on males and eating disorders using attachment theory. This study examined the relationship between adult attachment style and disordered eating in men and women. Secure attachment scores were significantly…

Elgin, Jenna; Pritchard, Mary

2006-01-01

431

Adolescent attachment: A validation of the Inventory of Parental Representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although progress has been made recently in recognizing the importance of attachment during adolescence, research is limited because of the lack of convenient and valid methods for assessing attachment to parents during this developmental stage. Self-report measures tend to be the most common and convenient ways to examine attachment during adolescence. However, of the most widely used measures, common criticisms

Stephanie I Solow

2004-01-01

432

UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS  

E-print Network

UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS DO NOT ACCUMULATE WASTES UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS DO NOT ACCUMULATE WASTES UCSD HAZARDOUS WASTE ATTACH TO CONTAINER PRIOR TO DEPOSITING MATERIALS DO NOT ACCUMULATE WASTES

Aluwihare, Lihini

433

Maternal Attachment to Infants During the Postnatal Period.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an overview of the literature on mother-infant attachment behavior. Attachment is defined by Ainsworth as involving affection, discrimination, observable behavior, active participation by both parties, and reciprocal response. The process of attachment is seen by Stone, Smith, and Murphy as taking place in three stages over the…

Jones, Freda A.

434

Adolescents' Interactions with a Best Friend: Associations with Attachment Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested whether adolescents' attachment style is related to friendship interactions and perceptions of friendship quality. Attachment pairings were contrasted to examine whether dyad members' security of attachment or their models of others was more related to friendship. A total of 44 pairs of same-sex adolescent friends were videotaped…

Weimer, Barbara L.; Kerns, Kathryn A.; Oldenburg, Christopher M.

2004-01-01

435

Attachment and Culture: Security in the United States and Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights evidence of cultural variations in child attachment, noting how western values and meanings permeate attachment theory. Comparisons of the United States and Japan emphasize the cultural relativity of three core hypotheses of attachment theory related to: caregiver sensitivity, child social competence, and a secure base for exploring the…

Rothman, Fred; Weisz, John; Pott, Martha; Morelli, Gilda; Miyake, Kazuo

2000-01-01

436

Attachment Styles among Bullies, Victims and Uninvolved Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment theory provides a frame for understanding the role of attachment styles in the development of bullying behaviour in adolescence. The present study examined attachment styles (secure, avoidant and anxious/ambivalent) that differentiated bullies, victims, bully/victims and uninvolved adolescents. A total of 1,921 students (1,006 girls and…

Koiv, Kristi

2012-01-01

437

30 CFR 75.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2011-07-01

438

30 CFR 56.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2011-07-01

439

30 CFR 77.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2012-07-01

440

30 CFR 75.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2013-07-01

441

30 CFR 77.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2013-07-01

442

30 CFR 75.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2014-07-01

443

30 CFR 56.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2012-07-01

444

30 CFR 77.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2011-07-01

445

30 CFR 56.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2010-07-01

446

30 CFR 75.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2010-07-01

447

30 CFR 57.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2012-07-01

448

30 CFR 57.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2013-07-01

449

30 CFR 57.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2014-07-01

450

30 CFR 57.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2011-07-01

451

30 CFR 57.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 57.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2010-07-01

452

30 CFR 56.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2014-07-01

453

30 CFR 77.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2014-07-01

454

30 CFR 75.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COAL MINES Hoisting and Mantrips Wire Ropes § 75.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2012-07-01

455

30 CFR 56.19026 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NONMETAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 56.19026 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2013-07-01

456

30 CFR 77.1436 - Drum end attachment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COAL MINES Personnel Hoisting Wire Ropes § 77.1436 Drum end attachment. (a) For drum end attachment, wire rope shall be attached— (1) Securely...A minimum of three full turns of wire rope shall be on the drum when the...

2010-07-01

457

Photoswitchable method for the ordered attachment of proteins to surfaces  

DOEpatents

Described herein is a method for the attachment of proteins to any solid support with control over the orientation of the attachment. The method is extremely efficient, not requiring the previous purification of the protein to be attached, and can be activated by UV-light. Spatially addressable arrays of multiple protein components can be generated by using standard photolithographic techniques.

Camarero, Julio A. (Livermore, CA); DeYoreo, James J. (Clayton, CA); Kwon, Youngeun (Livermore, CA)

2011-07-05

458

Associations between Attachment Security and Social Competence in Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment theorists suggest that attachment security with parents supports the quality of social adaptation in peer groups during early childhood, and numerous studies supporting this conjecture have been published. Most of these studies used enacted representations rather than mental representations of attachment security, and most studies…

Veríssimo, Manuela; Santos, António J.; Fernandes, Carla; Vaughn, Brian E.

2014-01-01

459

Family Structure: Its Effects on Adolescent Attachment and Identity Formation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the association between family structure, attachment, and identity formation. Results partially support the hypotheses and indicate that unresolved spouse conflict is associated with low levels of attachment in adolescents and attachment to father is linked to identity achieved and the diffused identity status. Findings support a link…

Faber, Anthony J.; Edwards, Anne E.; Bauer, Karlin S.; Wetchler, Joseph L.

2003-01-01

460

27 CFR 53.2 - Attachment of tax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...case of a sale on credit, the tax attaches whether or not the...title does not pass, and the tax does not attach until sale...manufacturer and a dealer is that of principal and agent, title does not pass, and the tax does not attach, until...

2010-04-01

461

27 CFR 53.2 - Attachment of tax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...case of a sale on credit, the tax attaches whether or not the...title does not pass, and the tax does not attach until sale...manufacturer and a dealer is that of principal and agent, title does not pass, and the tax does not attach, until...

2011-04-01

462

Fathers in Attachment Theory and Research: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief history of attachment research on fathers as a backdrop against which the other contributions to this volume can be viewed. Empirical research on child-father attachment progressed in four phases and began before Bowlby in 1969 published the first volume of his attachment trilogy. During each phase a different set of…

Bretherton, Inge

2010-01-01

463

Adult Attachment Style and Pedophilia: A Developmental Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, attachment theory was applied to three samples: male university students (controls), male nonoffending victims of sexual assault, and convicted male pedophiles. Adult attachment styles are investigated along with developmental histories of neglect, punishment, and sexual and physical abuse. It is proposed that adult attachment styles will differ among the pedophiles and the other two groups, and the

Gary A. Sawle; Jon Kear-Colwell

2001-01-01

464

Divergence in Siblings' Adult Attachment Security: Potential Contributors and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has revealed only modest concordance in attachment security between siblings during childhood and adolescence. The first goal of this dissertation was to estimate sibling concordance in adult attachment security and identify factors contributing to divergence. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) was administered to young adult…

Fortuna, Keren

2009-01-01

465

Male Perpetrators of Violence Against Women: An Attachment Theory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an attachment theory formulation of violent acts perpetrated by men against women, usually in the context of sexual relationships. It is proposed that relationship violence may be seen as an exaggerated response of a disorganized attachment system. It is related to a disorganized attachment pattern in infancy coupled with a history of abuse and an absent male

Peter Fonagy

1999-01-01

466

Attachment of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Leptospirillum ferriphilum cultured under varying conditions to pyrite, chalcopyrite, low-grade ore and quartz in a packed column reactor.  

PubMed

The attachment of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Leptospirillum ferriphilum spp. grown on ferrous medium or adapted to a pyrite mineral concentrate to four mineral substrata, namely, chalcopyrite and pyrite concentrates, a low-grade chalcopyrite ore (0.5 wt%) and quartzite, was investigated. The quartzite represented a typical gangue mineral and served as a control. The attachment studies were carried out in a novel particle-coated column reactor. The saturated reactor containing glass beads, which were coated with fine mineral concentrates, provided a quantifiable surface area of mineral concentrate and maintained good fluid flow. A. ferrooxidans and Leptospirillum spp. had similar attachment characteristics. Enhanced attachment efficiency occurred with bacteria grown on sulphide minerals relative to those grown on ferrous sulphate in an ore-free environment. Selective attachment to sulphide minerals relative to gangue materials occurred, with mineral adapted cultures attaching to the minerals more efficiently than ferrous grown cultures. Mineral-adapted cultures showed highest levels of attachment to pyrite (74% and 79% attachment for A. ferrooxidans and L. ferriphilum, respectively). This was followed by attachment of mineral-adapted cultures to chalcopyrite (63% and 58% for A. ferrooxidans and L. ferriphilum, respectively). A. ferrooxidans and L. ferriphilum exhibited lower levels of attachment to low-grade ore and quartz relative to the sulphide minerals. PMID:22410741

Africa, Cindy-Jade; van Hille, Robert P; Harrison, Susan T L

2013-02-01

467

Surface properties correlated with the human gingival fibroblasts attachment on various materials for implant abutments: A multiple regression analysis.  

PubMed

Abstract Objectives. To reveal the suitable surface condition of an implant abutment for fibroblast attachment, the correlation between the surface characteristics of various materials and the human gingival fibroblast (HGF-1) attachment to the surfaces were analyzed. Methods. Six kinds of surfaces comprised of machined titanium alloy (SM), machined Co-Cr-Mo alloy (CCM), titanium nitride coated titanium alloy (TiN), anodized titanium alloy (AO), composite resin coating on titanium alloy (R) and zirconia (Zr) were used. The measured surface parameters were Sa, Sq, Sz, Sdr, Sdq, Sal, Str and water contact angle (WCA). The HGF-1 cell attachment was investigated and the correlations were analyzed using a multiple regression analysis. Results. The HGF-1 cell attachment was greater in the SM, TiN and Zr groups than the other groups and smallest in the CCM group (p = 0.0096). From the multiple regression analysis, the HGF-1 cell attachment was significantly correlated with Sdr, Sdq and WCA. When the R group was excluded, only WCA showed significant correlation with the fibroblast attachment. Conclusions. Within the limitations of this study, the cell attachment of human gingival fibroblasts was correlated with WCA, developed interfacial area ratio and surface slope. When the surfaces with Sa values of ? 0.2 ?m or less were concerned, only WCA showed a correlation in a third order manner. PMID:25183254

Kim, Young-Sung; Shin, Seung-Yun; Moon, Seung-Kyun; Yang, Seung-Min

2015-01-01

468

Nuclear Energy Page 570Page 570  

E-print Network

Nuclear Energy Page 570Page 570 #12;Energy Supply and Conservation/ Nuclear Energy FY 2007;Energy Supply and Conservation/Nuclear Energy/ Overview FY 2007 Congressional Budget Energy Supply and Conservation Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology Overview Appropriation Summary by Program

469

.. 1. CONTRACT ID CODE PAGE OF PAGES  

E-print Network

~.J · .. 1. CONTRACT ID CODE I1 PAGE OF PAGES AMENDMENT OF SOLICITATION/MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT I, Benton County, WA 99352 DUNS# 032987476 10A. MODIFICATION OF CONTRACT/ORDER NO. DE-AC05-76RL01830 (gJ 10B AND APPROPRIATION DATA (If required) 13. THIS ITEM APPLIES ONLY TO MODIFICATIONS OF CONTRACTS/ORDERS, IT MODIFIES

470

Muddy Waters . . . page 4  

E-print Network

Research Institute · Morse Hall, Durham, NH Water, Water Everywhere asdfghjk -- continued on page 2 HereMuddy Waters . . . page 4 Braving the Storm . . . page 5 Winter 2009 Vol. 8 Issue 1 A River Runs's water sys- tem would be fast disappearing from the face of the earth as the program drew to a close

Pringle, James "Jamie"

471

A radio transmitter attachment technique for soras  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We modified a figure-8 leg-loop harness designed for small passerines to attach successfully 1.8-g radio transmitters over the synsacrum of migrant Soras (Porzana carolina). Because of the short caudal region of Soras, addition of a waist loop was critical to securing the transmitter while leg loops were maintained to center the package. Thin gauge (0.6-mm diameter) elastic thread proved ideal for transmitter attachment and allowed for freedom of movement and girth expansion associated with fattening during a 6-10 week stopover. Of 110 Soras radio tagged during three field seasons, only a single mortality was observed and only a single bird lost its transmitter. Migration from the study area was confirmed for 76 (69%) and suspected for another 25 birds (total 92%).

Haramis, G.M.; Kearns, G.D.

2000-01-01

472

Method for forming a glove attachment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An attachment principally for the palm of an astronaut glove to enhance the gripping area of the palm without detracting from the flexibility and utility of the glove is presented. The attachment is a composite construction formed from a layer of silicone rubber having an outer surface with a friction configuration and another layer of silicone rubber in which a Nomex Aramid mesh fabric is embedded prior to curing. The method of construction involves the use of a mold with a friction configuration surface. A first layer of silicone rubber or sealant is disposed in the mold and allowed to set for an hour. A second layer of silicone rubber or sealant is layered over the first layer and leveled. A Nomex Aramid mesh fabric is embedded into the second layer and the composite is permitted to cure. When cured, a configured area of the composite construction is glued or stitched to the palm area of the glove.

Dawn, Frederic S. (inventor); Guy, Walter W. (inventor); Kosmo, Joseph (inventor); Drennan, Arthur P. (inventor); Tschirch, Richard P. (inventor)

1995-01-01

473

Attachment to Objects as a Compensatory Strategy  

E-print Network

designed to keep them in close proximity to their caregivers. Because infants are profoundly dependent on others for their survival, those motivated to seek out and remain close to their caregivers tended to receive the food, comfort, and protection from... hazards necessary to survive and procreate, whereas those who were not motivated to maintain proximity to caregivers had less reproductive success. Because of this innate attachment system, individuals experience distress when they are separated from...

Keefer, Lucas Allen

2011-08-31

474

Information seeking in attachment style romantic relationships  

E-print Network

. These questions were considered to pertain to information that partners of an established dating couple should know about each other. The questionnaire was used to compare answers within a couple and gauge whether or not they were likely to really be dating... of attachment grows primarily from Bowlby's original studies of infant-caregiver relationships in the 1950s. He noted that during separation, infants go through a series of predictable emotional reactions, in which they may cry, actively search for the mother...

Derrick, Jaye Lindsay

2013-02-22

475

Attachment and memory for negative emotional events  

E-print Network

. According to attachment theory (Bowlby, 1969, 1973, 1979, 1980), expenences in past close relationships should influence the types of relationship information that people pay attention to, encode, and elaborate on in their current relationships (see... the style of Journal of Personality and Social Psycitology caregiver that facilitates infants' proximity-seeking behavior and efforts to obtain needed comfort and emotional support from caregivers. The manner in which caregivers respond to these bids...

Wilson, Carol Leigh

2002-01-01

476

From Traumatic Attachment to Somatization Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper emphasizes attachment trauma as an important etiological factor in somatization disorder and psychoanalytic psychotherapy as an effective treatment.Method: Weekly psychotherapy with an 18 year old with somatization disorder, using the Conversational Model, is described.Conclusion: Early cumulative trauma has far-reaching health consequences. Brief psychotherapy produces symptom relief, and long-term analytic therapy is necessary for sustained improvement.

Joan Haliburn

2011-01-01

477

Talent Show Notes from the Office  

E-print Network

Highlights Paintball Talent Show Notes from the Office Spring B Places of Origin Birthdays's Weekly. Talent Show ­ Tryouts We're so excited about the Talent Show! We have a long list of students, March 24. This is also the last day to sign up to be in the Talent Show. We also need a Master

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

478

Attachment techniques for high temperature strain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attachment methods for making resistive strain measurements to 2500 F were studied. A survey of available strain gages and attachment techniques was made, and the results are compiled for metal and carbon composite test materials. A theoretical analysis of strain transfer into a bonded strain gage was made, and the important physical parameters of the strain transfer medium, the ceramic matrix, were identified. A pull tester to measure pull-out tests on commonly used strain gage cements indicated that all cements tested displayed adequate strength for good strain transfer. Rokide flame sprayed coatings produced significantly stronger bonds than ceramic cements. An in-depth study of the flame spray process produced simplified installation procedures which also resulted in greater reliability and durability. Application procedures incorporating improvements made during this program are appended to the report. Strain gages installed on carbon composites, Rene' 41, 316 stainless steel, and TZM using attachment techniques developed during this program were successfully tested to 2500 F. Photographs of installation techniques, test procedures, and graphs of the test data are included in this report.

Wnuk, Steve P., Jr.

1993-01-01

479

The Association between Attachment and Mental Health Symptoms among School-Going Adolescents in Northern Uganda: The Moderating Role of War-Related Trauma  

PubMed Central

Background The association between attachment and mental health symptoms in adolescents in a post-conflict low resource setting has not been documented. Methods We investigated the relationship between parent and peer attachment and posttraumatic stress, depression and anxiety symptoms in a sample of 551 adolescents aged 13–21 years old. Attachment quality was assessed using the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA). Post-traumatic stress, depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Impact of Events Scale Revised (IESR) and Hopkins Symptom Checklist for Adolescents (HSCL-37A) respectively. Gender differences in attachment relationships were determined using independent t-tests. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess whether attachment relationships were independently associated with posttraumatic stress, depression and anxiety symptoms. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were conducted to explore the moderating role of war-related trauma. Results Our analyses revealed gender differences in attachment to parents, with males reporting stronger attachment than females. Parental attachment was protective against depression and anxiety symptoms but not posttraumatic stress symptoms after adjusting for potential confounders. Alienation by parents was independently associated with an increase in these mental health symptoms while peer attachment was not associated with any of these symptoms. However, in situations of severe trauma, our analyses showed that peer attachment was significantly protective against post-traumatic stress symptoms. Conclusions Secure parental attachment is associated with better psychosocial adjustment in adolescents affected by war. Further, adolescents with secure peer attachment relationships in situations of severe war trauma may be less likely to develop posttraumatic stress symptoms. Interventions to enhance peer support in this post conflict setting would benefit this vulnerable population. PMID:24614005

Okello, James; Nakimuli-Mpungu, Etheldreda; Musisi, Seggane; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2014-01-01

480

Empowering Women? The Oprah Winfrey Show  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oprah Winfrey Show, the most-watched US daytime talk show, aims to empower women. This article examines the show's representations of gender and how images of `race', sexuality and class cross-cut them. It considers the show's status as television psychology. It explores the show's translation of aspects of black feminism to television, and discusses the social implications of its `super-real'

Corinne Squire

1994-01-01

481

Using the Adult Attachment Interview to understand Reactive Attachment Disorder: Findings from a 10-case adolescent sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feasibility study was conducted to examine the usability of the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and its coding system with 10 adolescents presenting with Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD). Given that the measure was deemed usable with all 10 participants, the study then sought to identify the attachment status of the sample. Three transcripts were subjected to inter-rater reliability checks. All

Ruth Goldwyn; Siobhan Hugh-Jones

2011-01-01

482

Temperament, disordered attachment, and parental sensitivity in foster care: differential findings on attachment security for shy children  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a foster care sample, the moderating effect of temperamental shyness on the association between parental sensitivity and attachment quality was tested. The foster parents of 59 foster children (age M = 57 months, SD = 16.4) filled out the Child Behavior Questionnaire. To control for confounds, symptoms of inhibited and disinhibited disordered attachment were derived from the Disturbances of Attachment Interview. The Strange

J. Clasien De Schipper; Mirjam Oosterman; Carlo Schuengel

2012-01-01

483

Page 1 of 27 Full Screen  

E-print Network

with hourly time discretization #12;Home Page Title Page Contents Page 4 of 27 Go Back Full Screen Close QuitHome Page Title Page Contents Page 1 of 27 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit Mean-Risk Optimization Technologiefonds #12;Home Page Title Page Contents Page 2 of 27 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit 1. Introduction We

Römisch, Werner

484

The role of romantic attachment security and dating identity exploration in understanding adolescents' sexual attitudes and cumulative sexual risk-taking.  

PubMed

This study addressed how two normative developmental factors, attachment and identity, are associated with adolescents' sexual attitudes and sexual risk-taking behavior. The sample consisted of 2029 adolescents (mean age = 16.2 years) living in the Southeast United States. Path analysis was used to test the hypotheses. Higher levels of attachment anxiety predicted more dating identity exploration and less healthy sexual attitudes. Higher levels of attachment avoidance predicted less dating identity exploration and indirectly predicted less healthy sexual attitudes through dating identity exploration. Females with dating or sexual experience showed the weakest associations between the attachment dimensions and dating identity exploration. More dating identity exploration predicted healthier sexual attitudes; this association was strongest for non-virgins. Finally, higher levels of attachment avoidance were associated with higher cumulative sexual risk scores, but only among non-virgin males. Results are interpreted in light of theory and research on attachment, identity exploration, and adolescent sexual relationships. PMID:25598388

McElwain, Alyssa D; Kerpelman, Jennifer L; Pittman, Joe F

2015-02-01

485

ATTACHMENT A POLICY 07-02-02  

E-print Network

, private providers) 5 Not required - covered in process of consent to treat. As requested to substantiate. #12;PARTY PHI RELEASED TO PAGE # WITH VALID AUTHORIZATION WITHOUT VALID AUTHORIZATION Government will be released in compliance with the regulations governing reporting requirements. Communicable and venereal

Sibille, Etienne

486

Adult attachment as a predictor of posttraumatic stress and dissociation.  

PubMed

This study examined whether K. Bartholomew's (1990) self-report dimensions of adult attachment (secure, dismissing, preoccupied, and fearful) mediate or moderate links from victimization/abuse to posttraumatic stress and dissociation. Participants were 199 college women with and without a history of childhood physical abuse, childhood sexual victimization, and adolescent/adult sexual victimization. Path analysis revealed no significant mediation effects for attachment; however, hierarchical multiple linear regression indicated that dismissing attachment moderated the link between victimization/abuse and posttraumatic stress (i.e., the relationship was strongest for women with high dismissing scores). All 4 attachment dimensions uniquely predicted posttraumatic stress, whereas only fearful attachment uniquely predicted dissociation. PMID:20603764

Sandberg, David A

2010-01-01

487

Precision Attachments for Aesthetics and Function: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Successful restoration of the dentition requires plenty of contemporary and conventional treatment techniques and planning and attachment retained partial dentures are one such kind of treatment modality in prosthodontics. Limited space for extracoronal attachments is a serious gap in the design and the fabrication of a precision attachment Removable Partial Denture (RPD). A custom semi-precision attachment with a partial denture offers strength and improved aesthetics in cases with minimal space. This article presents a method of fabrication of semi-precision attachment to eliminate metal display and enhance aestheticity. PMID:24596792

Shetty, Nitin Bhaskar; Shetty, Sanyuktha; E, Nagaraj; Shetty, Omkar; D’souza, Raina

2014-01-01

488

Psychoeducational treatment of children with autism and reactive attachment disorder.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of short-term psychoeducational treatment in children with autism and reactive attachment disorder (RAD). Ten boys with autism aged 24-66 months and 11 children with RAD (nine boys and two girls) aged 30-70 months were included in the study. The Ankara Developmental Screening Inventory was used to monitor progress following a 14-session psychoeducational programme. This focused on establishing a reciprocal-dyadic interaction between children and their caregivers and it also provided an educational programme for emotional, social, and language development. Although both groups showed significant changes on all scales of the ADSI, the children with RAD showed greater improvement than the autism group in their total development score, on the language-cognitive subscale, and in social/self-care abilities. PMID:15070550

Mukaddes, Nahit M; Kaynak, F Nimet; Kinali, Gülsevim; Be?ikci, Hümeyra; Issever, Halim

2004-03-01

489

Neurobiology of secure infant attachment and attachment despite adversity: a mouse model.  

PubMed

Attachment to an abusive caregiver has wide phylogenetic representation, suggesting that animal models are useful in understanding the neural basis underlying this phenomenon and subsequent behavioral outcomes. We previously developed a rat model, in which we use classical conditioning to parallel learning processes evoked during secure attachment (odor-stroke, with stroke mimicking tactile stimulation from the caregiver) or attachment despite adversity (odor-shock, with shock mimicking maltreatment). Here we extend this model to mice. We conditioned infant mice (postnatal day (PN) 7-9 or 13-14) with presentations of peppermint odor and either stroking or shock. We used (14) C 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) to assess olfactory bulb and amygdala metabolic changes following learning. PN7-9 mice learned to prefer an odor following either odor-stroke or shock conditioning, whereas odor-shock conditioning at PN13-14 resulted in aversion/fear learning. 2-DG data indicated enhanced bulbar activity in PN7-9 preference learning, whereas significant amygdala activity was present following aversion learning at PN13-14. Overall, the mouse results parallel behavioral and neural results in the rat model of attachment, and provide the foundation for the use of transgenic and knockout models to assess the impact of both genetic (biological vulnerabilities) and environmental factors (abusive) on attachment-related behaviors and behavioral development. PMID:23927771

Roth, T L; Raineki, C; Salstein, L; Perry, R; Sullivan-Wilson, T A; Sloan, A; Lalji, B; Hammock, E; Wilson, D A; Levitt, P; Okutani, F; Kaba, H; Sullivan, R M

2013-10-01

490

Neurobiology of secure infant attachment and attachment despite adversity: a mouse model  

PubMed Central

Attachment to an abusive caregiver has wide phylogenetic representation, suggesting that animal models are useful in understanding the neural basis underlying this phenomenon and subsequent behavioral outcomes. We previously developed a rat model, in which we use classical conditioning to parallel learning processes evoked during secure attachment (odor-stroke, with stroke mimicking tactile stimulation from the caregiver) or attachment despite adversity (odor-shock, with shock mimicking maltreatment). Here we extend this model to mice. We conditioned infant mice (postnatal day (PN) 7–9 or 13–14) with presentations of peppermint odor and either stroking or shock. We used 14C 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) to assess olfactory bulb and amygdala metabolic changes following learning. PN7-9 mice learned to prefer an odor following either odor-stroke or shock conditioning, whereas odor-shock conditioning at PN13-14 resulted in aversion/fear learning. 2-DG data indicated enhanced bulbar activity in PN7-9 preference learning, whereas significant amygdala activity was present following aversion learning at PN13-14. Overall, the mouse results parallel behavioral and neural results in the rat model of attachment, and provide the foundation for the use of transgenic and knockout models to assess the impact of both genetic (biological vulnerabilities) and environmental factors (abusive) on attachment-related behaviors and behavioral development. PMID:23927771

Roth, T. L.; Raineki, C.; Salstein, L.; Perry, R.; Wilson, T. A. Sullivan; Sloan, A.; Lalji, B.; Hammock, E.; Wilson, D. A.; Levitt, P.; Okutani, F.; Kaba, H.; Sullivan, R. M.

2014-01-01

491

Dynamic attachment of Chlorovirus PBCV-1 to Chlorella variabilis.  

PubMed

Chloroviruses infect their hosts by specifically binding to and degrading the cell wall of their algal hosts at the site of attachment, using an intrinsic digesting enzyme(s). Chlorovirus PBCV-1 stored as a lysate survived longer than virus alone, suggesting virus attachment to cellular debris may be reversible. Ghost cells (algal cells extracted with methanol) were used as a model to study reversibility of PBCV-1 attachment because ghost cells are as susceptible to attachment and wall digestion as are live cells. Reversibility of attachment to ghost cells was examined by releasing attached virions with a cell wall degrading enzyme extract. The majority of the released virions retained infectivity even after re-incubating the released virions with ghost cells two times. Thus the chloroviruses appear to have a dynamic attachment strategy that may be beneficial in indigenous environments where cell wall debris can act as a refuge until appropriate host cells are available. PMID:25240455

Agarkova, Irina; Hertel, Brigitte; Zhang, Xinzheng; Lane, Les; Tchourbanov, Alexander; Dunigan, David D; Thiel, Gerhard; Rossmann, Michael G; Van Etten, James L

2014-10-01

492

Ferric Leghemoglobin in Plant-Attached Leguminous Nodules.  

PubMed

Leghemoglobin (Lb) is essential for nitrogen fixation by intact leguminous nodules. To determine whether ferric Lb (Lb3+) was detectable in nodules under normal or stressed conditions, we monitored the status of Lb in intact nodules attached to sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis) and soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) roots exposed to various conditions. The effects of N2 and O2 streams and elevated nicotinate levels on root-attached nodules were tested to determine whether the spectrophotometric technique was showing the predicted responses of Lb. The soybean and sweet clover nodules' Lb spectra indicated predominantly ferrous Lb and LbO2 in young (34 d) plants. As the nodule aged beyond 45 d, it was possible to induce Lb3+ with a 100% O2 stream (15 min). At 65 d without inducement, the nodule Lb status indicated the presence of some Lb3+ along with ferrous Lb and oxyferrous Lb. Nicotinate and fluoride were used as ligands to identify Lb3+. Computer-calculated difference spectra were used to demonstrate the changes in Lb spectra under different conditions. Some conditions that increased absorbance in the 626 nm region (indicating Lb3+ accumulation) were root-fed ascorbate and dehydroascorbate, plant exposure to darkness, and nodule water immersion. PMID:12228593

Lee, Kk.; Shearman, L. L.; Erickson, B. K.; Klucas, R. V.

1995-09-01

493

Ferric Leghemoglobin in Plant-Attached Leguminous Nodules.  

PubMed Central

Leghemoglobin (Lb) is essential for nitrogen fixation by intact leguminous nodules. To determine whether ferric Lb (Lb3+) was detectable in nodules under normal or stressed conditions, we monitored the status of Lb in intact nodules attached to sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis) and soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) roots exposed to various conditions. The effects of N2 and O2 streams and elevated nicotinate levels on root-attached nodules were tested to determine whether the spectrophotometric technique was showing the predicted responses of Lb. The soybean and sweet clover nodules' Lb spectra indicated predominantly ferrous Lb and LbO2 in young (34 d) plants. As the nodule aged beyond 45 d, it was possible to induce Lb3+ with a 100% O2 stream (15 min). At 65 d without inducement, the nodule Lb status indicated the presence of some Lb3+ along with ferrous Lb and oxyferrous Lb. Nicotinate and fluoride were used as ligands to identify Lb3+. Computer-calculated difference spectra were used to demonstrate the changes in Lb spectra under different conditions. Some conditions that increased absorbance in the 626 nm region (indicating Lb3+ accumulation) were root-fed ascorbate and dehydroascorbate, plant exposure to darkness, and nodule water immersion. PMID:12228593

Lee, Kk.; Shearman, L. L.; Erickson, B. K.; Klucas, R. V.

1995-01-01

494

BEHAVIOR OF EXCESS ELECTRONS IN SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS - ELECTRON ATTACHMENT  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of excess electrons in supercritical ethane was investigated by measuring mobility and reaction rates. Mobilities were measured by means of a time-of-flight method at 306--320K as a function of pressure. Mobility values decreased at all temperatures with increasing pressure, but showed a small minimum or a shoulder at the pressure where the compressibility {chi}{sub T} has a peak. Electron attachment to CO{sub 2}, NO, pyrimidine and C{sub 2}F{sub 4} over the same temperature range was studied as a function of pressure. Both attachment rate constants k{sub a} for NO and C{sub 2}F{sub 4}, and equilibrium constants K({double_bond}k{sub a}/k{sub d}) for CO{sub 2} and pyrimidine increased sharply at pressures of {chi}{sub T} peaks. Activation volumes V{sub a}* and reaction volumes {Delta}V{sub r} are very large and negative in the critical region. The volume change is mainly due to electrostriction around ions formed. The results are compared to volume changes predicted by, a compressible continuum model.

NISHIKAWA,M.; HOLROYD,R.A.; ITOH,K.

1999-07-01

495

Behavior of excess electrons in supercritical fluids -- Electron attachment  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of excess electrons in supercritical ethane was investigated by measuring mobility and reaction rates. Mobilities wee measured by means of a time-of-flight method at 306--320 K as a function of pressure. Mobility values decreased at all temperatures with increasing pressure, but showed a small minimum or a shoulder at the pressure where the compressibility {chi}{sub T} has a peak. Electron attachment to CO{sub 2}, NO, pyrimidine and C{sub 2}F{sub 4} over the same temperature range was studied as a function of pressure. Both attachment rate constants k{sub a} for NO and C{sub 2}F{sub 4}, and equilibrium constants K({double_bond}k{sub a}/k{sub d}) for CO{sub 2} and pyrimidine increased sharply at pressures of {chi}{sub T} peaks. Activation volumes V{sub a}* and reaction volumes {Delta}V{sub r} are very large and negative in the critical region. The volume change is mainly due to electrostriction around ions formed. The results are compared to volume changes predicted by a compressible continuum model.

Nishikawa, Masaru [Kanagawa Inst. of Tech., Atsugi (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Holroyd, R.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (US); Itoh, Kengo [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Pure and Applied Sciences

1999-07-01

496

Magical attachment: Children in magical relations with hospital clowns  

PubMed Central

The aim of the present study was to achieve a theoretical understanding of several different-age children's experiences of magic relations with hospital clowns in the context of medical care, and to do so using psychological theory and a child perspective. The method used was qualitative and focused on nine children. The results showed that age was important to consider in better understanding how the children experienced the relation with the hospital clowns, how they described the magical aspects of the encounter and how they viewed the importance of clown encounters to their own well-being. The present theoretical interpretation characterized the encounter with hospital clowns as a magical safe area, an intermediate area between fantasy and reality. The discussion presented a line of reasoning concerning a magical attachment between the child and the hospital clowns, stating that this attachment: a) comprised a temporary relation; b) gave anonymity; c) entailed reversed roles; and d) created an emotional experience of boundary-transcending opportunities. PMID:22371813

2012-01-01

497

Leaf beetle attachment on wrinkles: isotropic friction on anisotropic surfaces.  

PubMed

The influence of surface roughness on the attachment ability of insects has been repeatedly reported. In previous experiments, complex surface topographies were used as test substrates, whereas periodical structures have so far been neglected. In the present study, traction experiments with adult beetles Gastrophysa viridula and Leptinotarsa decemlineata were carried out to study the influence of surfaces, structured with periodical wrinkles, on insect attachment. Force measurements were carried out on male and female insects, both intact and after removal of claws, performing tethered walking on five polydimethylsiloxane substrates: (i) smooth, non-structured (control), (ii-v) structured with wrinkles of different wavelengths (366, 502, 911 and 25,076 nm). In two test series, beetles walked either perpendicular or parallel to the wrinkle alignment. Adults of G. viridula produced generally higher forces than those of L. decemlineata. The results show that the alignment of wrinkles had no significant influence on the force generation by beetles, probably because of the skewed position of their tarsomeres relative to the substrates. In both sexes, the highest force values were obtained on surfaces with wrinkles of 25 ?m wavelength. On other wrinkled substrates, forces were significantly reduced in both males and females compared with the smooth, flat control, with the minimum force achieved on wrinkles with a wavelength of 911 nm. PMID:22573777

Voigt, Dagmar; Schweikart, Alexandra; Fery, Andreas; Gorb, Stanislav

2012-06-01

498

Chromosome length and perinuclear attachment constrain resolution of DNA intertwines.  

PubMed

To allow chromosome segregation, topoisomerase II (topo II) must resolve sister chromatid intertwines (SCI) formed during deoxynucleic acid (DNA) replication. How this process extends to the full genome is not well understood. In budding yeast, the unique structure of the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) array is thought to cause late SCI resolution of this genomic region during anaphase. In this paper, we show that chromosome length, and not the presence of rDNA repeats, is the critical feature determining the time of topo II-dependent segregation. Segregation of chromosomes lacking rDNA also requires the function of topo II in anaphase, and increasing chromosome length aggravates missegregation in topo II mutant cells. Furthermore, anaphase Stu2-dependent microtubule dynamics are critical for separation of long chromosomes. Finally, defects caused by topo II or Stu2 impairment depend on attachment of telomeres to the nuclear envelope. We propose that topological constraints imposed by chromosome length and perinuclear attachment determine the amount of SCI that topo II and dynamic microtubules resolve during anaphase. PMID:25225337

Titos, Iris; Ivanova, Tsvetomira; Mendoza, Manuel

2014-09-15

499

New Hampshire Guide 4-H Dog Shows  

E-print Network

New Hampshire Guide to 4-H Dog Shows UNH Cooperative Extension 4-H Youth Development Moiles House cooperating. #12;NH Guide to 4-H Dog Shows i Table of Contents INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................2 Purpose of the 4-H Dog Project

New Hampshire, University of

500

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Kleinfeld, David