Sample records for attitude to death

  1. Life Experience with Death: Relation to Death Attitudes and to the Use of Death-Related Memories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bluck, Susan; Dirk, Judith; Mackay, Michael M.; Hux, Ashley

    2008-01-01

    The study examines the relation of death experience to death attitudes and to autobiographical memory use. Participants (N = 52) completed standard death attitude measures and wrote narratives about a death-related autobiographical memory and (for comparison) a memory of a low point. Self-ratings of the memory narratives were used to assess their…

  2. Children's Attitudes toward Death.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pope, A. J.

    1979-01-01

    Children's attitudes and beliefs about death and dying are examined, and some recommendations are made to parents, teachers, and administrators to establish a base from which the child can operate during encounters with death and dying. (JMF)

  3. Death, attractiveness, moral conduct, and attitudes to public figures.

    PubMed

    North, Adrian C; Sheridan, Lorraine P

    In this study, 2,894 participants rated attitudes toward their favorite public figure on the Celebrity Attitude Scale. It was noted whether each figure was alive or dead, and a panel of four independent judges assessed each in terms of their moral conduct and physical attractiveness. Dead figures appealed less and were subject to lower "intense personal" celebrity worship, and death was unrelated to "borderline pathological" and "deleterious imitation" celebrity worship. Physical attractiveness was positively related to overall celebrity worship and "intense personal" celebrity worship, but negatively related to "borderline pathological" and "deleterious imitation" celebrity worship. Moral conduct was associated negatively with "deleterious imitation" celebrity worship. Results are discussed briefly in terms of their implications for research on physical attractiveness and "copycat suicide". PMID:20397615

  4. College Students' Attitudes toward Death Today as Compared to the 1930s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lester, David; Becker, DeAnne M.

    1993-01-01

    A questionnaire on attitudes toward death first administered to college students in 1935 was administered to college students in 1991. The students in 1991 showed much greater concern with and anxiety over death than did students in 1935. Cancer and car accidents remained causes of death most often anticipated in 1991 as in 1935 and 1970.…

  5. Adolescents' Attitudes toward the Death Penalty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lester, David; Maggioncalda-Aretz, Maria; Stark, Scott Hunter

    1997-01-01

    Examines whether high school (n=142) and college students (n=112) favored the death penalty for certain criminal acts. Findings indicate that high school students rated more criminal acts as meriting the death penalty. Gender and personality were not found to be associated with attitudes toward the death penalty. (RJM)

  6. [Attitude to death and changes of death image in Hungarian society. Study of the differences in generational value-judgments and of the possibilities of measurement. Is death still a taboo?].

    PubMed

    Zana, Agnes

    2009-06-21

    The aim of our research is to examine the sociological, anthropological, and psychological aspects of attitudes towards death; review the different approaches as a complex system; present the altered death image and the changes of tendency; analyze and interpret the most significant anxiety generating factors according to gender, age, and occupation; validate the fear of death and attitudes towards death scales in the Hungarian population; review the possibilities of interventions designed to reduce anxiety generating fear of death. Our hypotheses of our quantitative research were the following: women are characterized by a marked fear of death and anxiety; young people are more afraid of death; health care workers have a higher level death anxiety in comparison to other professionals due to the fact that they are face the suddenness and inevitability of death on daily basis, and this itself is an anxiety generating factor. We validated, adapted and calibrated two psychometric scales measuring fear of death and attitudes towards death. According to our findings, both the Neimeyer and Moore Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale and the Lester Attitude Toward Death Scale proved valid and suitable for measuring fear of death and attitudes towards death. The Hungarian version of the scales proved reliable. In accordance with our hypothesis, young people and women are characterized by higher level of fear of death and anxiety. Our hypothesis, namely that fear of death among health care workers higher as the normal population, was not confirmed. Yet, contrary to a segment of preceding measurements, lower level of fear and anxiety was found. PMID:19497841

  7. Death Attitudes among Mid-Life Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Virginia; Sands, Roberta

    1987-01-01

    Examined death attitudes among 74 female college reentry students aged 30 through 49. Found relationships between: (1) developmental factors and death concern, death as interpersonal loss, and death as dimension of time; (2) age and death anticipation; and (3) income and death denial. Results suggest importance of considering both developmental…

  8. Attitudes toward organ donation and transplantation : A model for understanding reactions to medical procedures after death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margareta Sanner

    1994-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to reach a deeper understanding of factors influencing the attitudes toward organ donation and other procedures with the dead body. From a survey of 400 inhabitants of Uppsala, a city in the middle of Sweden, concerning attitudes toward transplantation issues, 38 individuals with different attitudes toward donation of their own organs were selected

  9. Assessing psychologists' knowledge and attitudes toward near-death phenomena

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara A. Walker; Robert D. Russell

    1989-01-01

    Nina Thornburg's (1988) Near-Death Phenomena Knowledge and Attitudes Questionnaire was distributed to 326 randomly selected Illinois psychologists. Of 117 usable questionnaires received, the mean score for knowledge questions was 7.5 of a maximum score of 18. Respondents were most knowledgeable about near-death elements of peace, out-of-body transcendence, and tunnel\\/light phenomena. The mean score for the attitude portion of the instrument

  10. Attitudes of Dental and Medical Students toward Death and Dying.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sundin, Robert H.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Explores attitudes of dental and medical students toward death and dying. Attitudes toward death influencing choice between dental school and medical school are latent. Attitudes of dental and medical students toward death may be differentially affected by their professional experiences. (Author/BEF)

  11. Attitudes and Experiences of Death Workshop Attendees

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubler-Ross, Elisabeth; Worden, J. William

    1977-01-01

    Attendees at workshops and lectures were asked to complete a questionnaire which assessed the following: 1) First death experience, 2) Present conceptualization of death, 3) Anticipated reactions to a personal terminal illness, 4) Resources in managing one's own death, and 5) Difficulties experienced in working with dying persons. (Author)

  12. Factor Analysis of the Omega Scale: A Scale Designed To Measure the Attitudes of College Students toward Their Own Deaths and the Disposition of Their Bodies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staik, Irene M.

    A study was undertaken to provide a factor analysis of the Omega Scale, a 25-item, Likert-type scale developed in 1984 to assess attitudes toward death and funerals and other body disposition practices. The Omega Scale was administered to 250 students enrolled in introductory psychology classes at two higher education institutions in Alabama.…

  13. Attitudes toward life and death and suicidality among inpatient female adolescents with eating disorders.

    PubMed

    Stein, Daniel; Zinman, Dana; Halevy, Liron; Yaroslavsky, Amit; Bachar, Eytan; Kreitler, Shulamit; Orbach, Israel

    2013-12-01

    This study investigated whether attitudes about life and death are associated with suicidal behavior in eating disorders (EDs). We examined 43 nonsuicidal inpatients with EDs, 32 inpatients with EDs who attempted suicide, and 21 control participants with scales assessing attitudes to life and death, body-related attitudes, core ED symptoms, depression, and anxiety. Both ED groups showed less attraction to life and more repulsion from life than did the control participants. The suicide attempters showed greater attraction to death, less repulsion from death, and more negative attitudes toward their body than did the nonsuicidal ED and control participants. Fear of life was associated with elevated depression, body-related problems, and childhood sexual abuse. Pathological attitudes toward death were associated with greater depression and body-related problems. Suicide attempts were found in the inpatients with EDs showing binge/purge ED pathology and maladaptive attitudes toward death. This study suggests that whereas fear of life is a core feature of an ED, maladaptive attitudes toward death appear only in ED patients who have attempted suicide. PMID:24284642

  14. Can a Television Series Change Attitudes about Death? A Study of College Students and "Six Feet Under"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiappa, Edward; Gregg, Peter B.; Hewes, Dean E.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the effects of viewing 10 episodes of the television series "Six Feet Under" to assess whether such programming could influence college students' attitudes about death and dying. Students were administered the Death Attitude Profile--Revised, the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale, and the short version of the Threat Index,…

  15. Death Education and Attitudes of Counselors-in-Training toward Death: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrawood, Laura K.; Doughty, Elizabeth A.; Wilde, Brandon

    2011-01-01

    This study reviewed how attitudes of counselors-in-training toward death develop after completing a course on death education. Participants included 11 graduate counseling students enrolled in a 2-credit-hour course addressing death and dying, and grief and loss. Qualitative results from a content analysis of free-response narratives suggest the…

  16. Attitudes to timeliness of death and euthanasia among first generation black Caribbean and white patients and their families living in the United Kingdom.

    PubMed

    Higginson, Irene J; Koffman, Jonathan

    2003-04-01

    Attitudes to timeliness of death and euthanasia are little researched among people from different ethnic backgrounds or in socioeconomically deprived areas. We interviewed 50 bereaved family members of people from the black Caribbean community and 50 from the white community in the United Kingdom, using an established questionnaire, and compared reports of their and the reported patient views. In both groups more than two thirds of patients knew they might die, although in more than half of these cases no one had actually told them this. More than half of the respondents thought the deceased had died at the right time. One in five patients had talked about wanting to die sooner but this was not related to family members' own views. One patient in the black Caribbean group and two in the white group had talked about wanting euthanasia. The study highlights that communication with patients needs to be improved among both black Caribbean and white patients, but suggests that attitudes to timeliness of death are similar in both groups. PMID:12854941

  17. Death and Dying Attitudes, Anxieties, and Fears of Certified Nursing Assistants: A Descriptive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Josephine A.

    2010-01-01

    The critical role of Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) to help elderly nursing home residents' move through declining conditions or diseases to death is salient. It is important for CNAs and nursing home leaders to understand CNAs' attitudes, fears, and anxieties toward death and dying. The quantitative study investigated CNA's…

  18. Attitudes of Children towards Aging, the Elderly, and Death & Dying as Expressed through the Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaki, Gamal; Zaki, Sylvia

    The purpose of this study was to explore the conceptions, feelings and attitudes of elementary and junior high school students toward the topics of aging, the elderly, death, and dying. To gather data, an announcement was made to all schools within the state that the Rhode Island Gerontology Center would sponsor a contest for all school children…

  19. Health Care Professionals' Death Attitudes, Experiences, and Advance Directive Communication Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Kathy

    2007-01-01

    The study surveyed 135 health care professionals (74 nurses, 32 physicians, and 29 social workers) to examine their personal death attitudes and experiences in relation to their reported advance directive communication practice behavior. Negative correlations were found between collaborating with other health care professionals regarding the…

  20. Attitudes toward Death in Adolescent Offspring of Holocaust Survivors: A Comparison of Israeli and American Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Stanley

    1988-01-01

    Continues a study begun in 1973 on attitudes toward death, comparing Israeli and American adolescent offspring of Holocaust survivors in residential treatment program in Jerusalem, Israel. Biographical data, diagnostic classifications, a review of Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and some dreams are presented. Israel is shown to be a therapeutic…

  1. Attitudes of Terminally Ill Patients toward Death and Dying in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olokor, Christiana O.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the attitudes of terminally ill patients toward death and dying. Four hospitals in Nigeria were randomly selected: University College Hospital, Ibadan; University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City; the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos; and Igbinedion Specialist Hospital, Okada, Benin City.…

  2. Death Anxiety Reduction as the Result of Exposure to a Death and Dying Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldman, David A.; Davidshofer, Charles

    1984-01-01

    Measured the effect of a three-week death and dying symposium on attitudes and anxiety related to death, dying, and grief. Results indicated lower death anxiety for students in both the treatment and control groups. Findings are discussed in terms of widespread media coverage and informal discussions which accompany symposiums. (JAC)

  3. Development of the near-death phenomena knowledge and attitudes questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nina R. Thornburg

    1988-01-01

    In the first study of nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward near-death phenomena and patients who have experienced them (NDErs), 20 registered nurses in Intensive or Cardiac Care Units completed a questionaire containing 29 true\\/false\\/undecided statements about near-death phenomena (alpha reliability .83), 29 Likert items concerning attitudes toward such phenomena (alpha .84), and 25 Likert items concerning attitudes toward care

  4. Assessing Attitudes to Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewing, J. M.

    Many measurement techniques have been developed to assess elements related to attitudes toward reading, which encompass an individual's views, feelings, values, and beliefs. Instruments developed by British teachers include Likert-type scales, a repertory grid technique, and an approach assessing reactions to screened photographs of different…

  5. Attitudes to spanking children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrian Furnham

    1995-01-01

    One-hundred and thirty-six adults completed a 10-item questionnaire on the spanking of children. Three clear factors emerged concerned with pro-spanking attitudes; the rarity of spanking; and alternatives to spanking. Overall subjects were against spanking though more conservative voters tended to be more pro than anti.

  6. Maternal Attitude Toward Pregnancy and the Risk of Neonatal Death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad N. Bustan; Ann L. Coker

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVES. Reduced options for fertility control over the past decade have increased the rates of unwanted pregnancy. We evaluated whether a woman's negative attitude toward her pregnancy increased the risk of perinatal mortality, in a large, prospective cohort study. METHODS. The association between attitude toward the pregnancy and perinatal mortality was evaluated in a longitudinal cohort study of 8823 married,

  7. From attitudes to commonplaces -A discursive approach to attitude interviews

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    discusses the fundamental epistemological shortcomings of different approaches to attitude research. Three of presenting analyses. Introduction The fundamental idea of an attitude investigation and opinion polls collection using self-report measures is that questions about the participant's beliefs, attitudes, behaviour

  8. Student Attitudes to Whole Body Donation Are Influenced by Dissection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahill, Kevin C.; Ettarh, Raj R.

    2008-01-01

    Given the important role that anatomical dissection plays in the shaping of medical student attitudes to life and death, these attitudes have not been evaluated in the context of whole body donation for medical science. First year students of anatomy in an Irish university medical school were surveyed by questionnaire before and after the initial…

  9. Death Penalty Decisions: Instruction Comprehension, Attitudes, and Decision Mediators

    PubMed Central

    Patry, Marc W.; Penrod, Steven D.

    2013-01-01

    A primary goal of this research was to empirically evaluate a set of assumptions, advanced in the Supreme Court’s ruling in Buchanan v. Angelone (1998), about jury comprehension of death penalty instructions. Further, this research examined the use of evidence in capital punishment decision making by exploring underlying mediating factors upon which death penalty decisions may be based. Manipulated variables included the type of instructions and several variations of evidence. Study 1 was a paper and pencil study of 245 undergraduate mock jurors. The experimental design was an incomplete 4×2×2×2×2 factorial model resulting in 56 possible conditions. Manipulations included four different types of instructions, presence of a list of case-specific mitigators to accompany the instructions, and three variations in the case facts: age of the defendant, bad prior record, and defendant history of emotional abuse. Study 2 was a fully-crossed 2×2×2×2×2 experiment with four deliberating mock juries per cell. Manipulations included jury instructions (original or revised), presence of a list of case-specific mitigators, defendant history of emotional abuse, bad prior record, and heinousness of the crime. The sample of 735 jury-eligible participants included 130 individuals who identified themselves as students. Participants watched one of 32 stimulus videotapes based on a replication of a capital sentencing hearing. The present findings support previous research showing low comprehension of capital penalty instructions. Further, we found that higher instruction comprehension was associated with higher likelihood of issuing life sentence decisions. The importance of instruction comprehension is emphasized in a social cognitive model of jury decision making at the sentencing phase of capital cases. PMID:24072981

  10. Death Penalty Decisions: Instruction Comprehension, Attitudes, and Decision Mediators.

    PubMed

    Patry, Marc W; Penrod, Steven D

    2013-01-01

    A primary goal of this research was to empirically evaluate a set of assumptions, advanced in the Supreme Court's ruling in Buchanan v. Angelone (1998), about jury comprehension of death penalty instructions. Further, this research examined the use of evidence in capital punishment decision making by exploring underlying mediating factors upon which death penalty decisions may be based. Manipulated variables included the type of instructions and several variations of evidence. Study 1 was a paper and pencil study of 245 undergraduate mock jurors. The experimental design was an incomplete 4×2×2×2×2 factorial model resulting in 56 possible conditions. Manipulations included four different types of instructions, presence of a list of case-specific mitigators to accompany the instructions, and three variations in the case facts: age of the defendant, bad prior record, and defendant history of emotional abuse. Study 2 was a fully-crossed 2×2×2×2×2 experiment with four deliberating mock juries per cell. Manipulations included jury instructions (original or revised), presence of a list of case-specific mitigators, defendant history of emotional abuse, bad prior record, and heinousness of the crime. The sample of 735 jury-eligible participants included 130 individuals who identified themselves as students. Participants watched one of 32 stimulus videotapes based on a replication of a capital sentencing hearing. The present findings support previous research showing low comprehension of capital penalty instructions. Further, we found that higher instruction comprehension was associated with higher likelihood of issuing life sentence decisions. The importance of instruction comprehension is emphasized in a social cognitive model of jury decision making at the sentencing phase of capital cases. PMID:24072981

  11. Altered Beliefs, Attitudes, and Behaviors Following Near-Death Experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Groth-Marnat; Roger Summers

    1998-01-01

    This study investigated the extent and types of altered beliefs, attitudes, and values of 53 subjects who reported having had a neardeath experience (NDE). A control group was composed of 27 individuals who reported having had similar life-threatening incidents but without a corresponding NDE. In addition, 45 significant others in the lives of the participants in these groups rated the

  12. Stressing Mitosis to Death

    PubMed Central

    Burgess, Andrew; Rasouli, Mina; Rogers, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    The final stage of cell division (mitosis), involves the compaction of the duplicated genome into chromatid pairs. Each pair is captured by microtubules emanating from opposite spindle poles, aligned at the metaphase plate, and then faithfully segregated to form two identical daughter cells. Chromatids that are not correctly attached to the spindle are detected by the constitutively active spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). Any stress that prevents correct bipolar spindle attachment, blocks the satisfaction of the SAC, and induces a prolonged mitotic arrest, providing the cell time to obtain attachment and complete segregation correctly. Unfortunately, during mitosis repairing damage is not generally possible due to the compaction of DNA into chromosomes, and subsequent suppression of gene transcription and translation. Therefore, in the presence of significant damage cell death is instigated to ensure that genomic stability is maintained. While most stresses lead to an arrest in mitosis, some promote premature mitotic exit, allowing cells to bypass mitotic cell death. This mini-review will focus on the effects and outcomes that common stresses have on mitosis, and how this impacts on the efficacy of mitotic chemotherapies. PMID:24926440

  13. Attitudes towards hastened death in ALS: a prospective study of patients and family caregivers.

    PubMed

    Stutzki, Ralf; Weber, Markus; Reiter-Theil, Stella; Simmen, Urs; Borasio, Gian Domenico; Jox, Ralf J

    2014-03-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) may be associated with the wish to hasten death (WTHD). We aimed to determine the prevalence and stability of WTHD and end-of-life attitudes in ALS patients, identify predictive factors, and explore communication about WTHD. We conducted a prospective questionnaire study among patients and their primary caregivers attending ALS clinics in Germany and Switzerland. We enrolled 66 patients and 62 caregivers. Half of the patients could imagine asking for assisted suicide or euthanasia; 14% expressed a current WTHD at the baseline survey. While 75% were in favour of non-invasive ventilation, only 55% and 27% were in favour of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and invasive ventilation, respectively. These attitudes were stable over 13 months. The WTHD was predicted by depression, anxiety, loneliness, perceiving to be a burden to others, and a low quality of life (all p < 0.05). Lower religiosity predicted whether patients could imagine assisted suicide or euthanasia. Two-thirds of patients had communicated their WTHD to relatives; no-one talked to the physician about it, yet half of them would like to do so. In conclusion, physicians should consider proactively asking for WTHD, and be sensitive towards neglected psychosocial problems and psychiatric comorbidity. PMID:24070371

  14. The Relationship Between Religious Attitudes, Fear of Death and Dying with General Health Condition: A Survey in College Students.

    PubMed

    Nazarzadeh, Milad; Sarokhani, Mandana; Sayehmiri, Kourosh

    2015-10-01

    This study aims to assess the relationship between religious attitudes of Ilam universities students (west of Iran), their perspectives about the fear of self and other's death and dying, with their general health. This paper is an analytic survey in which 351 college students, who were selected by multistage sampling, participated. To measure interested variables, Persian format of standardized self-administered questionnaires was employed. Religious attitudes with odds ratio (OR) of 0.94 (95 % CI 0.91-0.97) and fear of self dying with 0.88 (95 % CI 0.81-0.96) were identified as a protective factors against the inappropriate general health condition. However, the fear of other's death (OR 1.16; 95 % CI 1.05-1.28) was identified as a risk factor. This study showed that people who had more religious attitudes and fear of self dying had better general health as well as the fear of other's death had a significant direct relationship with inappropriate general health condition. PMID:24912829

  15. Teachers' Attitudes and Experiences Regarding Death Education in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engarhos, Paraskevi; Talwar, Victoria; Schleifer, Michael; Renaud, Sarah-Jane

    2013-01-01

    Today, young children are exposed to death through various forms of media in their communities, schools, and home environments. With this inevitability of exposure, there is a need for death education in order to inform and support today's youth when facing the subject of death. Death is said to be one of the most emotional and complex…

  16. Death Receptor Signals to Mitochondria

    PubMed Central

    Khosravi-Far, Roya; Esposti, Mauro Degli

    2010-01-01

    Apoptosis is the best-characterized form of programmed cell death (PCD) and is of fundamental importance in tissue homeostasis. In mammalian systems, there are two major pathways that are involved in the initiation of apoptosis: the “extrinsic” death receptor pathway and the “intrinsic” mitochondrial pathway. Although these pathways act independently to initiate the death machinery in some cellular systems, in many cell types, including numerous tumor cells, there is delicate coordination and cross talk between the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways, which leads to the activation of the executioner caspase cascade. Additionally, there appears to be a fine balance between the caspase-mediated arm of death receptor signaling that engages mitochondria and the caspase-independent arm that promotes vacuole proliferation in many cells. Here, we review our current knowledge about the layers of complexity that are posed by the interactions between death receptor-induced pathways and how they influence mitochondria to regulate cellular life and death decisions. PMID:15640619

  17. Understanding Death Attitudes: The Integration of Movies, Positive Psychology, and Meaning Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niemiec, Ryan M.; Schulenberg, Stefan E.

    2011-01-01

    The portrayal of death is one of the most common themes in movies and is often unrealistic, promoting misconceptions to the public. However, there are also many films that portray death acceptance in an instructive way. Such films depict the development of character strengths useful in embracing life and lessening death anxiety, namely zest,…

  18. [Students' attitudes to active euthanasia].

    PubMed

    Schioldborg, P

    1999-06-30

    Attitude surveys in the Norwegian population show that an increasing majority support active euthanasia for patients with terminal disease. Among physicians, only a minority supports active euthanasia. Attitudes towards euthanasia were surveyed among students of medicine, law and psychology (n = 588, response rate 66%) with regard to a patient suffering from a painful, incurable and deadly or non-deadly disease, asking the doctor for help to die. To assess the strength of the students' attitude, the questions were presented either in a Christian context disapproving of euthanasia, in a humanistic context in favour, or in a neutral context-free form. 125 of 176 law students (71%), 134 of 216 psychology students (62%) and 71 of 196 medical students (36%) supported active euthanasia in cases of terminal disease. In cases of non-terminal disease, the corresponding percentages were 45%, 29% and 11%. 38% of the students with a Christian belief supported euthanasia in terminal disease while 79% of the humanists, 70% of those of another faith, and 65% of those without a definable faith did so. No significant gender difference was observed. 17% of the students stated that they were willing to perform euthanasia. No effect of context was observed. The results indicate stable and differentiated attitudes to the question of active euthanasia. One third of the medical students supported active euthanasia, which is twice as many as for physicians in general. Two thirds of the law and psychology students did so, which is similar to comparable age groups in the population. PMID:10425907

  19. Deaths due to Unknown Foodborne Agents

    PubMed Central

    2004-01-01

    This study reviews the available evidence on unknown pathogenic agents transmitted in food and examines the methods that have been used to estimate that such agents cause 3,400 deaths per year in the United States. The estimate of deaths was derived from hospital discharge and death certificate data on deaths attributed to gastroenteritis of unknown cause. Fatal illnesses due to unknown foodborne agents do not always involve gastroenteritis, and gastroenteritis may not be accurately diagnosed or reported on hospital charts or death certificates. The death estimate consequently omitted deaths from unknown foodborne agents that do not cause gastroenteritis and likely overstated the number of deaths from agents that cause gastroenteritis. Although the number of deaths from unknown foodborne agents is uncertain, the possible economic cost of these deaths is so large that increased efforts to identify the causal agents are warranted. PMID:15498153

  20. Attitudes to vasectomy.

    PubMed

    Howard, G

    1981-08-01

    4 surveys were conducted in the United Kingdom in an attempt to determine the personal and social factors influencing the decision to have a vasectomy. The surveys differed from other vasectomy studies in that they represented couples requesting a vasectomy and not only those who obtained a vasectomy. They include, therefore, individuals who were refused and those who changed their minds, as well as those individuals on whom the operation was performed. The surveys showed that by 1978 the majority of requests came from couples who had 2 children or less (70%), who came from social class 3 (64%), and where the wife was under age 35. There was a relative absence of high-parity couples, of the least skilled, and of those of African or Asian origin. The husbands viewed vasectomy as a final act of male contraceptive responsibility. The reasons for choosing vasectomy were to prevent further pregnancies and to protect the wife from the health risks of the oral contraceptive or the IUD and from the dangers of childbearing or the fear of pregnancy. The findings of the first 3 surveys were similar. All surveys suggested that men of low parity preferred vasectomy and that men of high parity and those of African or Asian origin were often reluctant to undergo a vasectomy. All the marriages described as successful remained so after vasectomy. Minor degrees of impotence, frigidity or lack of libido appeared to improve. 11% of the couples withdrew from the operation following the counseling session. The 476 couples requesting vasectomy in the first 3 surveys produced a wide range of anxieties over health, life problems, sexual enjoyment, contraception, children, marriage, and the change of life. There appeared to be marked differences between couples who undergo vasectomy and those choosing tubal ligation. PMID:12310974

  1. Conveying Thoughts, Feelings, and Fears: An Adlerian Approach to Addressing Death.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behrens, Troy T.

    Many people in western society find it difficult to discuss their feelings, thoughts, and beliefs about death and dying. The exploration of Early Recollections (ER), part of an Adlerian approach which emphasizes knowledge of a person's private logic, offers one way of understanding attitudes toward death. This study was conducted in order to

  2. Reproductive Decision Making and Genetic Predisposition to Sudden Cardiac Death

    PubMed Central

    Barlevy, Dorit; Wasserman, David; Stolerman, Marina; Erskine, Kathleen E.; Dolan, Siobhan M.

    2012-01-01

    Background With current genetic technology, it is possible to detect mutations associated with long QT syndrome (LQTS), a hereditary cardiac arrhythmia syndrome. As a result, prospective parents diagnosed with LQTS will have to decide whether or not to prevent its transmission to future generations, either by not procreating or through the use of assisted reproductive technologies or prenatal testing. This paper explores how a hereditary predisposition to sudden cardiac death can influence reproductive decision making. Methods This study draws from interviews and focus groups with individuals who have personal or family histories of cardiac arrhythmia or sudden death. A keyword search was conducted on interview transcripts to identify quotes for analysis. Results Participants expressed complex, often ambivalent attitudes about the prospect of having a child with a predisposition to sudden cardiac death. Their comments reveal conflicting understandings of genetic responsibility and reflect the variable effects of personal experience on reproductive decision making. This paper compares attitudes towards LQTS and other genetic conditions in analyzing the themes that emerged in interviews and focus groups. Conclusions The “disability critique” of prenatal testing should be applied carefully to a context of genetic predisposition to sudden cardiac death in order to understand reproductive decision making. Firsthand experience with the condition, among other factors, can weigh heavily in those decisions. PMID:22822470

  3. Response to cartoons and attitudes toward aging.

    PubMed

    Sheppard, A

    1981-01-01

    Although it has commonly been asserted that cartoon images of aging convey deep psychological significance, the relationship between attitudes and cartoon appreciation has received little systematic attention. The present study examined the relationship between responses to cartoons and attitudes toward aging among college students. Subjects rated the funniness of 60 cartoons and completed the Attitudes Toward Aging Inventory, Tuckman-Lorge, and Semantic Differential. Factor analysis revealed four categories of cartoons on aging: Disparagement, Ineffectuality, Obsolescence, and Isolation. No significant relationships were found between attitudes and humor appreciation, although age and education were inversely related to several cartoon themes. PMID:7451828

  4. Measurement of Attitude to Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leder, Gilah C.

    1985-01-01

    Provides definitions of "attitudes" and discusses these attitude measures: (1) Thurstone (equal-appearing) scales; (2) Likert scales; (3) (Osgood's) semantic differential scale; (4) inventories and checklists; (5) preference rankings; (6) projective techniques; (7) enrollments; (8) clinical and anthropological observations; and (9) psychological…

  5. The Moderating Influence of Attitude Strength on the Susceptibility to Context Effects in Attitude Surveys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Lavine; Joseph W. Huff; Stephen H. Wagner; Donna Sweeney

    1998-01-01

    In 3 experiments, the authors assessed whether attitude strength moderates the susceptibility of attitudes to item context effects in surveys. In Experiment 1, respondents completed multiple measures of attitude strength. Three weeks later, respondents participated in a context experiment. Results revealed that respondents with weak attitudes exhibited significantly larger context effect for 1 of 2 issues. In Experiment 2, the

  6. Perceived Vulnerability to Disease Predicts Environmental Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prokop, Pavol; Kubiatko, Milan

    2014-01-01

    Investigating predictors of environmental attitudes may bring valuable benefits in terms of improving public awareness about biodiversity degradation and increased pro-environmental behaviour. Here we used an evolutionary approach to study environmental attitudes based on disease-threat model. We hypothesized that people vulnerable to diseases may…

  7. Attitude to Suicide in Elderly People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Leo, Diego; And Others

    Attitudes about suicide were examined among older adults in Padua, Italy and were compared to attitudes of younger subjects. Elderly subjects (N=246) consisted of 122 adults living in residential homes, 73 medical inpatients of a geriatric hospital, and 51 depressed inpatients with primary affective disorders. Younger subjects (N=263) consisted of…

  8. Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Third Science Symposium Welcome to the Sudden Oak Death Third

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Third Science Symposium 3 Welcome to the Sudden Oak Death Third to welcome you to the Sudden Oak Death Third Science Symposium. Looking back at the first sudden oak death was first isolated and identified as the causal agent of sudden oak death. It was the summer of 2000

  9. Students' Attitudes to Work and Unemployment. Part II: The Attitude Questionnaire. Research Service, #152.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larter, Sylvia; And Others

    The purposes of the second part of a three-phase study were to examine the attitudes of Toronto secondary school students to work and unemployment and to examine the differences in the attitudes held by males, females, and students with varying degrees of work or job search experience. A total of 1,815 were asked to respond to an attitude

  10. Anaesthetists' attitudes to teamwork and safety.

    PubMed

    Flin, R; Fletcher, G; McGeorge, P; Sutherland, A; Patey, R

    2003-03-01

    A questionnaire survey was conducted with 222 anaesthetists from 11 Scottish hospitals to measure their attitudes towards human and organisational factors that can have an impact on effective team performance and consequently on patient safety. A customised version of the Operating Room Management Attitude Questionnaire (ORMAQ) was used. This measures attitudes to leadership, communication, teamwork, stress and fatigue, work values, human error and organisational climate. The respondents generally demonstrated positive attitudes towards the interpersonal aspects of their work, such as team behaviours and they recognised the importance of communication skills, such as assertiveness. However, the results suggest that some anaesthetists do not fully appreciate the debilitating effects of stress and fatigue on performance. Their responses were comparable with (and slightly more favourable than) those reported in previous ORMAQ surveys of anaesthetists and surgeons in other countries. PMID:12603453

  11. Access to Attitude-Relevant Information in Memory as a Determinant of Attitude-Behavior Consistency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kallgren, Carl A.; Wood, Wendy

    Recent reserach has attempted to determine systematically how attitudes influence behavior. This research examined whether access to attitude-relevant beliefs and prior experiences would mediate the relation between attitudes and behavior. Subjects were 49 college students with a mean age of 27 who did not live with their parents or in…

  12. Taking it to the grave: gender, cultural capital, and ethnicity in Turkish death announcements.

    PubMed

    Ergin, Murat

    Popularly considered a great equalizer, death and the rituals around it nevertheless accentuate social distinctions. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2554) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2006. Out of the liminal position of Turkish death announcements between obituaries and death notices emerges a large decentralized collection of private decisions responding to death, reflecting attitudes toward gender, ethnic/religious minority status and cultural capital, and echoing the aggregate efforts of privileged groups to maintain a particular self-image. Class closures lead to openings for traditionally under-represented minorities, such as Jewish Turkish citizens and citizens of Greek or Armenian origin. Results reveal that signs of status and power in announcements are largely monopolized by men of Turkish-Muslim origins. Although the changes in the genre-characteristics of death announcements are slow, they correspond to major turning points in Turkish social history. PMID:20222236

  13. Personal and societal attitudes to disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simon Darcy

    2005-01-01

    The research addresses theoretical and conceptual frameworks dealing with the formation and change of attitudes, cognitive dissonance, positive and negative prejudice, the concept of “spread”, overt and covert attitudes and their formation, and the nexus between attitudes and behavior toward disability. Two attitude scales—the interaction with disabled persons and the scale of attitudes toward disabled persons—are reviewed and results of

  14. Changing Attitudes to Work and Life Styles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerome M. Rosow

    1980-01-01

    Understanding human behaviour is our everyday job. But it continues to puzzle and confound us. Possibly because we are only human ourselves, or possibly because we lose touch with our sense of identity and our ability to under stand ourselves. It is presumptuous to seek to explain fully and rationalize the diverse changing attitudes of Western society to work and

  15. Rape Victims' Attitudes to Rape Myth Acceptance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel Egan; Janet Clare Wilson

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined victims' attitudes to rape and rape-reporting behaviour. There were 36 Rape Victims, and approximately half reported their rape to the police (Rape Victim – Report) and half did not report their rape to the police (Rape Victim – Not Report). There were 42 Crime Victims, and approximately half reported the crime to the police (Crime Victim

  16. Rape Victims Attitudes to Rape Myth Acceptance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel Egan; Janet Clare Wilson

    2011-01-01

    The present study examined victims' attitudes to rape and rape-reporting behaviour. There were 36 Rape Victims, and approximately half reported their rape to the police (Rape Victim – Report) and half did not report their rape to the police (Rape Victim – Not Report). There were 42 Crime Victims, and approximately half reported the crime to the police (Crime Victim

  17. 20 CFR 718.205 - Death due to pneumoconiosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Death due to pneumoconiosis. 718.205...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Determining Entitlement to Benefits § 718.205 Death due to pneumoconiosis. (a)...

  18. 20 CFR 718.205 - Death due to pneumoconiosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Death due to pneumoconiosis. 718.205...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Determining Entitlement to Benefits § 718.205 Death due to pneumoconiosis. (a)...

  19. 20 CFR 718.205 - Death due to pneumoconiosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Death due to pneumoconiosis. 718.205...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Determining Entitlement to Benefits § 718.205 Death due to pneumoconiosis. (a)...

  20. 20 CFR 718.205 - Death due to pneumoconiosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Death due to pneumoconiosis. 718.205...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Determining Entitlement to Benefits § 718.205 Death due to pneumoconiosis. (a)...

  1. 20 CFR 718.205 - Death due to pneumoconiosis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Death due to pneumoconiosis. 718.205...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Determining Entitlement to Benefits § 718.205 Death due to pneumoconiosis. (a)...

  2. Thoughts about Death and Dying in an African Sample.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gijana, E. W. M.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Examined attitudes toward death and dying among 163 Xhosa-speaking children and adults in South Africa. Found age, gender, belief in life after death, educational level, and exposure to death and dying were critical factors in formation of attitudes. Findings were similar to those from previous studies in African and western societies. (Author/NB)

  3. Death and Society in Twentieth Century America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulton, Robert; Owen, Greg

    1988-01-01

    Discusses how American experiences with death have changed since 1900 and shows how changes have served to transform attitudes and responses toward death. Compares individuals born prior to advent of atomic bomb to those born in nuclear age, and considers pervasive influence of television and other media in changing attitudes. (Author/NB)

  4. Residents’ attitudes to proposed tourism development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Mason; Joanne Cheyne

    2000-01-01

    This article discusses resident attitudes to tourism development. Research employing a questionnaire survey and focusing on a proposed development was conducted in a rural New Zealand region. There was general support for this plan, but the community was not homogeneous in its views. Perceived positive impacts were the provision of a community facility, job creation, and the promotion of the

  5. Unnatural causes of sudden unexpected deaths initially thought to be sudden infant death syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Bajanowski; M. Vennemann; M. Bohnert; E. Rauch; B. Brinkmann; E. A. Mitchell

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this clinicopathological study was to determine the frequency of infant deaths due to unnatural causes among cases of sudden and unexpected infant death. Nine institutes of legal medicine in Germany that took part in the German study on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (GeSID), representing 35% of the German territory, investigated in a 3-year period (from 1998 to

  6. Number of Alzheimer's Deaths Found to Be Underreported

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2014 Official mortality figures may have substantially underreported deaths due to Alzheimer’s disease in 2010 show two ... NIA. Underreporting of Alzheimer’s as a cause of death on death certificates is a well-known phenomenon. ...

  7. [Helping medical students to approach death].

    PubMed

    Bornet, M-A; Kasser, S; Hornung, J-P; Martinez, E; Cadas, H; Benaroyo, L

    2013-11-20

    A project recently launched by the Faculty of biology and medicine of Lausanne introduces the approach of facing death during both the dissection and the course of clinical activities. Existential questions relating to mortality are bound to arise sooner or later during the course of the study. For the sake of humanized clinical practice, these questions must be confronted. In response to a request by a student association, an accompanying curriculum with active student's contribution through encounters with death in anatomy and clinical situations was created in Lausanne. Students will benefit from this new program throughout their curriculum. This program is the first of its kind in Switzerland. PMID:24354255

  8. [Death according to old-Israeli beliefs].

    PubMed

    Rosinski, F M

    1999-01-01

    In Palestine the Neanderthal men and fossil contemporary men treated the dead kinsmen in a special way which can be observed in his intentional burials. They are the evidence of the belief in life after death that probably was imagined as a continuation of earthly life. In the Bible thanatology issues do not assume the crucial importance; the descriptions of dying and posthumous continuance of a man are brief and subject to a certain development. Death is not glorified, the dead cult is forbidden, the corps are treated in a ritual context as impure objects, contaminating people and environment. Death was not considered as boundary, temporary phenomen but as a gradual outflow of life. Only in the later fragments of the Old Testament there appears the concept that in death there takes place the ultimate separation between two constituent elements of a man i.e. between body that turns into dust and soul that goes back to God. The Bible distinguishes various types of death and its causes; but it is God who is the ultimate master of life and death. The other life is considered to be a manifestation of God's blessing. The Holy Scriptures pays special attention to the words spoken by the dying man, occasionally ascribing a prophetic sense to them. Although the funeral ceremony was not ostentatious it was most of the time excessive. The funeral was organized immediately after death, usually after 8 hours and the same day if it was possible. The corpse was wrapped up in linen and buried in hewn in the rock caves or terrestrial graves; bodies were neither burnt nor mummified. "Weeping" and mourning for the deceased lasted quite short - 7 days, seldom longer. Any forms of communicating with the soul of the dead person were severely forbidden and prosecuted; they were considered as discordant with the Jahweh cult. Some of the texts seem to reveal personification of death; it is never considered, however, as a being or power independent of God. PMID:11625734

  9. Research to stop tobacco deaths.

    PubMed

    Yach, Derek; Pratt, Angela; Glynn, Thomas J; Reddy, K Srinath

    2014-01-01

    In 2003, governments adopted the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, the world's first global health treaty. In the decade since the treaty was adopted by 178 member states of the World Health Organization, there have been substantial achievements in reducing tobacco use around the world. Research and evidence on the impact of interventions and policies have helped drive this policy progress. An increased and sustained focus on research is needed in the future to ensure that the gains of the global tobacco control movement are maintained, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, which are affected most strongly by the tobacco epidemic. In addition to current priorities, greater attention is needed to research related to trade agreements, prevention among girls, and the appropriate response to nicotine-based noncombustibles (including e-cigarettes). PMID:24886401

  10. Developing a Scale to Measure Students' Attitudes toward Chemistry Lessons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Cheung

    2009-01-01

    Students’ attitudes toward chemistry lessons in school are important dependent variables in curriculum evaluation. Although a variety of instruments have been developed by researchers to evaluate student attitudes, they are plagued with problems such as the lack of theoretical rationale and of empirical evidence to support the construct validity of data. This paper describes a study of students’ attitudes toward

  11. Explicit- and Implicit Bullying Attitudes in Relation to Bullying Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Goethem, Anne A. J.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Wiers, Reinout W.

    2010-01-01

    The main aim of this study was to examine whether an assessment of implicit bullying attitudes could add to the prediction of bullying behavior after controlling for explicit bullying attitudes. Primary school children (112 boys and 125 girls, M age = 11 years, 5 months) completed two newly developed measures of implicit bullying attitudes (a…

  12. Regulatory focus and attitudes to migrants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Whelan; Simon M. Laham; Kim Peters; Jennifer Boldero; Yoshihisa Kashima

    2010-01-01

    In two studies we examined the role of two regulatory foci (i.e., prevention and promotion) in predicting Australian's attitudes to different types of migrants. According to regulatory focus theory, promotion-focused self-regulation is concerned with nurturance and accomplishment needs and involves the pursuit of wishes and aspirations. As such, it results in sensitivity to positive outcomes and to relative pleasure from

  13. Addiction to near Death in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Janet

    2012-01-01

    This paper takes Betty Joseph's concept of "addiction to near death," which describes a clinical situation in which sadism and masochism dominate the relationships of a particular group of patients, and applies it specifically to the case material of a girl in adolescent psychotherapy treatment. A link is made between the patient's retreat from…

  14. Parental Attitudes, Beliefs, and Responses to Childhood Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: The Parental Attitudes and Behaviors Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peris, Tara S.; Benazon, Nili; Langley, Audra; Roblek, Tami; Piacentini, John

    2008-01-01

    This paper documents preliminary examination of the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Parental Attitudes and Behaviors Scale (PABS), an OCD-specific measure of parental attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral strategies related to childhood OCD. Employing a sample of 123 youth (mean age = 11.7; 59% male, 79% Caucasian) diagnosed with…

  15. Nurses' attitudes to assisted suicide: sociodemographic factors.

    PubMed

    Evans, Luke

    2015-06-25

    This literature review seeks to explore the factors that influence nurses' attitudes towards assisted suicide. A poll conducted by the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) showed that 49% of nurses supported assisted suicide while 40% were opposed to it. A literature review resulted in 16 articles being identified for data synthesis using a recognised critiquing framework. The articles revealed four key themes: nursing specialty, level of education, geographical location and religion. It was concluded that these four themes are key to understanding a nurse's attitude towards assisted suicide. Nursing staff need to be aware of their own influences on this topic, since they will inevitably be involved in the process in some way or another, in countries where assisted suicide has been legalised. PMID:26110854

  16. 20 CFR 219.23 - Evidence to prove death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Evidence to prove death. 219.23 Section 219.23 Employees...EVIDENCE REQUIRED FOR PAYMENT Evidence of Age and Death § 219.23 Evidence to prove death. (a) Preferred evidence of death....

  17. 20 CFR 219.23 - Evidence to prove death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Evidence to prove death. 219.23 Section 219.23 Employees...EVIDENCE REQUIRED FOR PAYMENT Evidence of Age and Death § 219.23 Evidence to prove death. (a) Preferred evidence of death....

  18. 20 CFR 219.23 - Evidence to prove death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Evidence to prove death. 219.23 Section 219.23 Employees...EVIDENCE REQUIRED FOR PAYMENT Evidence of Age and Death § 219.23 Evidence to prove death. (a) Preferred evidence of death....

  19. 20 CFR 219.23 - Evidence to prove death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true Evidence to prove death. 219.23 Section 219.23 Employees...EVIDENCE REQUIRED FOR PAYMENT Evidence of Age and Death § 219.23 Evidence to prove death. (a) Preferred evidence of death....

  20. 20 CFR 219.23 - Evidence to prove death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Evidence to prove death. 219.23 Section 219.23 Employees...EVIDENCE REQUIRED FOR PAYMENT Evidence of Age and Death § 219.23 Evidence to prove death. (a) Preferred evidence of death....

  1. Attitudes to ageing : a systematic review of attitudes to ageing and mental health, and a cross-sectional analysis of attitudes to ageing and quality of life in older adults 

    E-print Network

    Long, Sarah Charlotte May

    2014-07-01

    This thesis portfolio examines attitudes to ageing in older adults, and explores the impact that attitudes to ageing have on mental health status and quality of life. Attitudes to ageing are becoming more widely measured ...

  2. Arab nations: attitudes to AIDS.

    PubMed

    Kandela, P

    1993-04-01

    In the Arab world the number of people infected with HIV is uncertain, but official figures underreport the disease, even in Lebanon where public information is credible. The Ministry of Health figure of 130 recorded cases of AIDS since 1984 has been disputed by doctors, who also disclosed that a recent traffic-accident victim acquired HIV after a blood transfusion in a large Beirut hospital. In Marrakesh the blood bank releases figures on proportions of HIV-positive cases among blood donors only under special permission from the Ministry of Health. However, public health, education material is being produced in Morocco in a joint venture between the Pasteur Foundation and the Moroccan Association against AIDS. In Tunisia disputable figures released in January 1993 state that there are only 350 known cases of AIDS. In Jordan a Ministry of Health ruling mandates graduates of foreign medical schools seeking appointments at government hospitals to undergo pre-employment tests for HIV. In the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia similar rules apply to foreign medical workers, and those found to be HIV-positive are deported. The chairman of the Egyptian Medical Association disclosed that his association is testing doctors regularly to ensure their safety. Doctors found to be HIV-positive should be isolated from society with suitable medical care. A specialist at Abasa Fever Hospital has proposed the establishment of an AIDS colony for all infected persons and a national screening program for all Egyptians. Aswan district is to institute a pilot scheme of annual HIV testing for all hotel employees because of their contact with foreigners. According to WHO figures, Egypt's AIDS rate is not high, and the HIV seropositivity rate among blood donors was 1 in 110,254 in 1991. More health education is being carried out in Egypt than in any other Arab country except Lebanon, and the availability of condoms for family planning purposes helps in the protection against HIV infection. PMID:8096578

  3. Utilizing therapists to obtain death penalty verdicts.

    PubMed

    Weinstock, R

    1994-01-01

    As a result of recent decisions by the United States and California Supreme Courts, therapists now have been placed in a position in which they can be forced to testify in death penalty cases for the only purposes of achieving a conviction and a death penalty verdict. Zeal for the death penalty seems to have overcome any concern for the ethics of psychiatrists or even for the welfare of society. In California, therapists can now be forced to testify against their own patients in capital cases even if the patient does not tender his mental state as an issue, despite the presence of a psychotherapist-patient privilege in the state for criminal matters. In California, the only option for therapists who wish to treat potentially dangerous patients may be to conduct the therapy under the umbrella of attorney-client privilege. Otherwise they may not be able to avoid serious ethical problems and personal danger if the patient actually does kill someone during or after therapy. They may be unable honestly and ethically to treat such patients without obtaining truly informed consent to therapy under these potentially "undercover policeman" circumstances. Hopefully, professional organizations will take a more activist position, and courts will appreciate the folly of these decisions and reverse them. Otherwise, they may spread to other states, for which California frequently sets precedents. PMID:8193387

  4. [Death due to or despite the doctor].

    PubMed

    Cools, H J M

    2006-03-18

    In the last week of life, the extent and kind of medical practice differ both in intention and in the degree of orientation on the outcome. Patients tend to put long-term prescriptions aside or ask for symptom-relieving medication and sometimes for palliative sedation, euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. Competent physicians are able to offer or withhold treatment. In case of unconsciousness or severe cognitive impairment, proxies may ask for medical relief of disturbing symptoms. Medical practice is subject to the Dutch Medical Treatment Act (1995). At the start of the specific Dutch law specifying judicial review of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (1993, implemented in 2002) 1.8% of deaths concerned euthanasia. In 2005, standard drugs (choice, dose and route of administration) were highly effective in all cases of euthanasia in which they were used (76%): death within a median of 3-4 min, maximum 90 min. In the absence of medical indications for drug overdose, morphine and other choices are now considered obsolete for euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. The definition of euthanasia must be based exclusively on a standard method and outcome: death on request by a standard medical method with a standard judicial review. PMID:16610495

  5. Time to change our attitudes to prescribing in pregnancy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Pownall

    2006-01-01

    This article assesses how the thalidomide disaster has caused GPs to have a difficult approach to prescribing in pregnancy. It notes how medical opinion might look towards changing attitudes to prescribing for hypertension, diabetes, depression, thyroid disorders and epilepsy.

  6. Conflicting attitudes to corneal and organ donation: a study of nurses' attitudes to organ donation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bridie Kent; R. Glynn Owens

    1995-01-01

    The demand for transplantable organs and tissues is steadily increasing and action is necessary to improve the organ and tissue donation rates. Previous research has suggested that nurses have a substantial influence on the rates of donation in the clinical area. Nurses (N = 150) were asked to complete a number of measures to assess positive and negative attitudes towards

  7. The Use of Death Metaphors to Understand Personal Meaning of Death among Hong Kong Chinese Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheung, Wing-Shan; Ho, Samuel M. Y.

    2004-01-01

    Many Chinese words are pictographic in nature and Chinese people often tend to use metaphorical expressions to communicate emotional feelings. The assessment of death images and metaphors provides a meaningful way of understanding personal perceptions of death among the Chinese. The purpose of this study was to establish an instrument to assess…

  8. Religious and Nonreligious Spirituality in Relation to Death Acceptance or Rejection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cicirelli, Victor G.

    2011-01-01

    Meanings of religious and nonreligious spirituality are explored, with implications for death acceptance, death rejection, and life extension. In the first of two exploratory studies, 16 elders low on intrinsic religiosity were compared with 116 elders high in religiosity; they differed both in qualitative responses and on death attitudes. In the…

  9. Ebola Linked to Rise in Malaria Deaths in Guinea

    MedlinePLUS

    ... fullstory_153254.html Ebola Linked to Rise in Malaria Deaths in Guinea West Africans were avoiding clinics ... appears to have led to an increase in malaria deaths last year, a new study finds. Research ...

  10. Explicit and Implicit Bullying Attitudes in Relation to Bullying Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne A. J. van Goethem; Ron H. J. Scholte; Reinout W. Wiers

    2010-01-01

    The main aim of this study was to examine whether an assessment of implicit bullying attitudes could add to the prediction\\u000a of bullying behavior after controlling for explicit bullying attitudes. Primary school children (112 boys and 125 girls, M age?=?11 years, 5 months) completed two newly developed measures of implicit bullying attitudes (a general Implicit Association\\u000a Test on bullying and a movie-primed

  11. ICU Delirium Tied to Higher Death Risk, Study Says

    MedlinePLUS

    ... fullstory_152834.html ICU Delirium Tied to Higher Death Risk, Study Says Researchers recommend monitoring patients' mental ... who develop delirium have a higher risk of death, longer hospital stays and are more likely to ...

  12. Evidence for a heritable predisposition to death due to influenza.

    PubMed

    Albright, Frederick S; Orlando, Patricia; Pavia, Andrew T; Jackson, George G; Cannon Albright, Lisa A

    2008-01-01

    Animal model studies and human epidemiological studies have shown that some infectious diseases develop primarily in individuals with an inherited predisposition. A heritable contribution to the development of severe influenza virus infection (i.e., that which results in death) has not previously been hypothesized or tested. Evidence for a heritable contribution to death due to influenza was examined using a resource consisting of a genealogy of the Utah population linked to death certificates in Utah over a period of 100 years. The relative risks of death due to influenza were estimated for the relatives of 4,855 individuals who died of influenza. Both close and distant relatives of individuals who died of influenza were shown to have a significantly increased risk of dying of influenza, consistent with a combination of shared exposure and genetic effects. These data provide strong support for a heritable contribution to predisposition to death due to influenza. PMID:18171280

  13. Bigger Share of Deaths Worldwide Now Due to Cancer

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of Deaths Worldwide Now Due to Cancer Throat, lung cancers were leading cause of deaths, study finds To use the sharing ... bronchus (the main passageway to the lungs) and lung cancer, which caused 1.6 million deaths. Breast cancer was the leading cause of lost years of healthy life among women, ...

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Physiology declines prior to death in Drosophila

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    that are not near death. It is likely that other aspects of physiology may decline during this period. This study to accurately predict which flies in a population are near death at any given age; these flies are saidRESEARCH ARTICLE Physiology declines prior to death in Drosophila melanogaster Parvin Shahrestani

  15. Educating Children to Cope with Death: A Preventive Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aspinall, S. Y.

    1996-01-01

    Reviews what is known about children's conceptions of death, how children grieve, and relevant research. Presents clinicians' guidelines on such issues as explaining death to children, attending funerals, and treating bereaved youths and their families. Outlines a death education program which incorporates developmental and theoretical principles…

  16. Mitochondria and programmed cell death: back to the future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrice X. Petit; Santos-Antonio Susin; Naoufal Zamzami; Bernard Mignotte; Guido Kroemer

    1996-01-01

    Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, has in the past few years undoubtedly become one of the most intensively investigated biological processes. However, fundamental questions concerning the molecular and biochemical mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The central question concerns the biochemical steps shared by the numerous death induction pathways elicited by different stimuli. Heterogeneous death signals precede a common effector phase

  17. How to Estimate Attitude from Vector Observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Markley, F. Landis; Mortari, Daniele

    1999-01-01

    The most robust estimators minimizing Wahba's loss function are Davenport's q method and the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) method. The q method is faster than the SVD method with three or more measurements. The other algorithms are less robust since they solve the characteristic polynomial equation to find the maximum eigenvalue of Davenport's K matrix. They are only preferable when speed or processor power is an important consideration. Of these, Fast Optimal Attitude Matrix (FOAM) is the most robust and faster than the q method. Robustness is only an issue for measurements with widely differing accuracies, so the fastest algorithms, Quaternion ESTimator (QUEST), EStimator of the Optimal Quaternion (ESOQ), and ESOQ2, are well suited to star sensor applications.

  18. Attitudes to Chronic Poverty in the "Global Village"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrientos, Armando; Neff, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    The paper explores attitudes to chronic poverty in a cross-section of developed and developing countries contributing data to the World Values Survey Wave Three (1994-1998). The analysis finds a consistent belief among a majority of respondents that poverty is persistent. The paper also explores the factors influencing public attitudes to chronic…

  19. Assessing the Impact of Affective and Cognitive Information in Predicting Attitudes toward Capital Punishment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geoffrey Haddock; Mark P. Zanna

    1998-01-01

    Research studying the public's attitudes toward capital punishment has typically assessed whether individuals favor or oppose the use of the death penalty, without examining the underlying structure of these attitudes. The present study used a general model of attitude to examine the relative importance of affective information (i.e., feelings) and cognitive information (i.e., beliefs) in predicting attitudes toward capital punishment.

  20. Tracking mothers’ attitudes to MMR immunisation 1996–2006

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Smith; Joanne Yarwood; David M. Salisbury

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of surveys that have tracked mothers’ attitudes towards MMR over the period 1996–2006. The main aim was to demonstrate how attitudes in relation to MMR have evolved over the last 10 years incorporating the periods of time before, during and after the height of the MMR controversy within the UK.MMR vaccine remains the number one

  1. WORKING PAPER N 2014 16 Attitudes to Income Inequality

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    WORKING PAPER N° 2014 ­ 16 Attitudes to Income Inequality: Experimental and Survey Evidence Andrew, Experiments, Income inequality, Life satisfaction, Reference groups PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD-00967938,version1-31Mar2014 #12;Attitudes to Income Inequality: Experimental and Survey Evidence Andrew E

  2. Attitudes to Wetland Restoration in Oxfordshire and Cambridgeshire, UK.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rispoli, Donna; Hambler, Clive

    1999-01-01

    Examines adult attitudes toward wetlands in order to assess perceptions and thus educational failings as a barrier to wetland restoration. Finds relatively positive attitudes with significant differences between social groups and near-significant differences between genders. Contains 32 references. (Author/WRM)

  3. Shahrestani et al. Physiological decline in the death spiral Physiology declines prior to death in Drosophila melanogaster

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    melanogaster fall significantly below those of same-aged flies that are not near death. It is likely that other in a population are near death at any given age; these flies are said to be in the "death spiral". In this studyShahrestani et al. Physiological decline in the death spiral Physiology declines prior

  4. Robustness of quantum discord to sudden death

    E-print Network

    T. Werlang; S. Souza; F. F. Fanchini; C. J. Villas-Boas

    2009-09-16

    We calculate the dissipative dynamics of two-qubit quantum discord under Markovian environments. We analyze various dissipative channels such as dephasing, depolarizing, and generalized amplitude damping, assuming independent perturbation, in which each qubit is coupled to its own channel. Choosing initial conditions that manifest the so-called sudden death of entanglement, we compare the dynamics of entanglement with that of quantum discord. We show that in all cases where entanglement suddenly disappears, quantum discord vanishes only in the asymptotic limit, behaving similarly to individual decoherence of the qubits, even at finite temperatures. Hence, quantum discord is more robust than the entanglement against to decoherence so that quantum algorithms based only on quantum discord correlations may be more robust than those based on entanglement.

  5. Medical Students’ Death Anxiety: Severity and Association with Psychological Health and Attitudes Toward Palliative Care

    E-print Network

    Thiemann, Pia; Quince, Thelma; Benson, John; Wood, Diana; Barclay, Stephen

    2015-05-12

    for patients approaching the end of life. There was an inverse (AU: IS INVERSE CORRECT?) relationship between DA and medical students’ psychological health: those with high DA had significantly greater self-rated measures of anxiety and depression... responded to the questionnaire, especially those who responded over several years. The authors thank James Brimicombe for managing the database and to Gary Abel for statistical advice. References 1. Field D, Howells K. Dealing with dying patients...

  6. Using "Bad" Undergraduate Research to Foster "Good" Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Mary B.

    2010-01-01

    This paper postulates that having students engage in albeit limited and flawed research is a more effective way of changing attitudes than lecture or discussion. A common goal of the introductory linguistics course is to instill healthy language attitudes, but there is little extant research on the pedagogy of linguistics indicating how this may…

  7. Childrearing Attitude Assessment as a Prelude to Integrating Foreign Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strom, Robert; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Assessed childrearing attitudes of 155 West German parents and 215 immigrant parents to West Germany from Greece, Italy, and Turkey. Subset comparisons indicate the need for parent-education programs that inform each group about attitude similarities as well as differences and that support family cohesion while integration proceeds. (Author/JAC)

  8. On deterministic approaches to attitude determination with magnometer in eclipse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hoda Moodi; Danyal Bustan

    2010-01-01

    A gyroless deterministic attitude determination algorithm based on simulation of sun in eclipse is stated in this paper and has been compared to stochastic filters like extended Kalman filter and unscented Kalman filter. Attitude determination with low cost sensors such as magnometer and sun sensor results in usage of recursive algorithms such as Kalman filter which has the probability of

  9. The Cognitive-Developmental Approach to Inter-Ethnic Attitudes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohlberg, Lawrence; Davidson, Florence

    Psychological research on race and ethnic stereotypes and attitudes has been carried out from two points of view -- a social learning view and a psychodynamic view. Neither of these grasp essential components of young children's ethnic attitudes or prejudices, nor do they detail the major developmental factors leading to the growth of tolerance…

  10. An approach to the sublime of death

    E-print Network

    Preston, Steven (Steven Joseph)

    2010-01-01

    Death is an unknown and it is final. This makes it sublime. The sublime as an aesthetic category is experienced emotionally as the moral certitude of having embraced the absolute. In that sense, the nervous system is capable ...

  11. UV Astronomy: Stars from Birth to Death

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gómez de Castro, Ana I.; Barstow, Martin A.

    The Joint Discussion on UV Astronmy: Stars from Birth to Death was held during the IAU General Assembly of 2006, in August 2006. It was aimed to provide a forum where the accomplishments of UV astrophysics could be highlighted and a new roadmap for the future discussed. This meeting focussed in particular on stellar astrophysics. The understanding of stellar physics is at the very base of our understanding of the Universe. The chemical evolution of the Universe is controlled by stars. Supernovae are prime distance indicators that have allowed to measure the evolution of the curvature of the Universe and to detect the existence of dark energy. The development of life sustaining system depends strongly on the evolution of stars like our Sun. Some of the most extreme forms of matter in the Universe, the densest and more strongly magnetized, are the magnetars, debris of stellar evolution. The excellent contributions presented in this Joint Discussion dealt with the many aspects of stellar astrophysics from the analysis of dissipative processes in the atmosphere of cool stars and their impact on the evolution of the planetary systems to the study of the atmospheres and winds of the hot massive stars or the determination of the abundances in white dwarfs. The physics of disks, its role in the evolution of binary systems, and the formation of supernovae were among the main topics treated in the meeting. We should also not forget the role of starbursts and, in general, high mass stars in the chemical evolution of galaxies. The metallicity gradient in the Galaxy is traced in the UV spectrum of planetary nebulae. The evolution of young planetary disks and the role of the central stars in the photoevaporation of the giant gaseous planets that have been detected recently. The book contains a summary of the numerous and high quality contributions to this Joint Discussion classified in five chapters: * Chapter 1: Star Formation and Young Stellar Objects * Chapter 2: Life in Main Sequence * Chapter 3: Star Death * Chapter 4: Compact Objects * Chapter 5: The impact of stellar astrophysics in understanding the formation of life sustainable systems; That correspond to the five sessions held during the meeting. A summary of the current status of UV astronomy and the discussions that took place during the XXVIth I. A. U. General Assembly can be found in Highlights of Astronomy, Volume 14.

  12. Attitudes towards organ donation in Hong Kong

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iris Yeung; S. H. Kong; Janet Lee

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, a survey is conducted to study the attitudes of Hong Kong residents towards organ donation after death. It is found that 60.3% of the respondents are willing to donate organs, which is comparable to those cited in the literature. The results also indicate that the willingness to donate is related to age, occupation and attitude. A factor

  13. Drug Attitude and Adherence to Anti-Glaucoma Medication

    PubMed Central

    Hong, Samin; Kang, Sung Yong; Yoon, Jong Uk; Kang, Uicheon; Seong, Gong Je

    2010-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess patient attitudes towards anti-glaucoma medication and their association with adherence, visual quality of life, and personality traits. Materials and Methods One hundred and forty-seven glaucoma patients were enrolled this study. The participants were divided into 'pharmacophobic' and 'pharmacophilic' groups according to their scores on the Modified Glaucoma Drug Attitude Inventory (MG-DAI). To establish a correlation with patient drug attitude, each group had their subjective drug adherence, visual quality of life, and personality traits examined. For personality traits, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was used to sub-classify each group. Results Among the patients analyzed, 91 (72.80%) patients showed a 'pharmacophobic' attitude and 34 (27.20%) patients showed a 'pharmacophilic' attitude. The pharmacophobic group tended to have worse adherence than the pharmacophilic group. Personality dichotomies from the MBTI also showed different patterns for each group. Conclusion In glaucoma patients, pharmacological adherence was influenced by their attitude towards drugs; an association might exist between drug attitude and underlying personality traits. PMID:20191020

  14. Attitude Organization and the Attitude-Behavior Relation: A Reply to Dillon and Kumar

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard P. Bagozzi; Robert E. Burnkrant

    1985-01-01

    This article analyzes Dillon and Kumar's reanalysis of data previously reported by Fishbein and Ajzen (1974) and subsequently reanalyzed by Bagozzi and Burnkrant (1979). It also performs new analyses of the same data addressing the construct validity of the unidimensional and the two-component attitudinal models. We show that the unidimensional attitude model fails to achieve convergent validity and the two-component

  15. Staggering Inflation To Stabilize Attitude of a Solar Sail

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Quadrelli, Marco; West, John

    2007-01-01

    A document presents computational-simulation studies of a concept for stabilizing the attitude of a spacecraft during deployment of such structures as a solar sail or other structures supported by inflatable booms. Specifically, the solar sail considered in this paper is a square sail with inflatable booms and attitude control vanes at the corners. The sail inflates from its stowed configuration into a square sail with four segments and four vanes at the tips. Basically, the concept is one of controlling the rates of inflation of the booms to utilize in mass-distribution properties to effect changes in the system s angular momentum. More specifically, what was studied were the effects of staggering inflation of each boom by holding it at constant length for specified intervals between intervals of increasing length until full length is reached. The studies included sensitivity analyses of effects of variations in mass properties, boom lengths, rates of increase in boom length, initial rates of rotation of the spacecraft, and several asymmetries that could arise during deployment. The studies led to the conclusion that the final attitude of the spacecraft could be modified by varying the parameters of staggered inflation. Computational studies also showed that by feeding back attitude and attitude-rate measurements so that corrective action is taken during the deployment, the final attitude can be maintained very closely to the initial attitude, thus mitigating the attitude changes incurred during deployment and caused by modeling errors. Moreover, it was found that by optimizing the ratio between the holding and length-increasing intervals in deployment of a boom, one could cause deployment to track a desired deployment profile to place the entire spacecraft in a desired attitude at the end of deployment.

  16. Sudden infant deaths: from epidemiology to physiology.

    PubMed

    Kahn, A; Sawaguchi, T; Sawaguchi, A; Groswasser, J; Franco, P; Scaillet, S; Kelmanson, I; Dan, B

    2002-09-14

    The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has dropped significantly in most countries following the development of education campaigns on the avoidance of risk factors for SIDS. However, questions have been raised about the physiological mechanism responsible for the effects of these environmental risk factors. Since 1985, a series of prospective, multicentric studies have been developed to address these questions; over 20,000 infants were recorded during one night in a sleep laboratory and among these, 40 infants eventually died of SIDS. In this review, the following methods were employed: sleep recordings and analysis, monitoring procedure, data analysis of sleep stages, cardiorespiratory and oxygen saturation, scoring of arousals, spectral analysis of the heart rate and the determination of arousal thresholds, and statistical analysis and the results including sleep apneas, arousals and heart rate and autonomic controls in both future SIDS victims and normal infants were introduced separately. In addition, the physiological effect of prenatal risk factors (maternal smoking during gestation) and postnatal risk factors (administration of sedative drugs, prone sleeping position, ambient temperature, sleeping with the face covered by a bed sheet, pacifiers and breastfeeding) in normal infants were analyzed. In conclusion, the physiological studies undertaken on the basis of epidemiological findings provide some clues about the physiological mechanisms linked with SIDS. Although the description of the mechanisms responsible for SIDS is still far from complete, it appears to involve both arousal responses and cardiac autonomic controls during sleep-wake processes. PMID:12350296

  17. [Nurses' speeches on death and to die: truth or will].

    PubMed

    Silva, Karen Schein da; Ribeiro, Rubia Guimarães; Kruse, Maria Henriqueta Luce

    2009-01-01

    We consider looking at the death and dying as a social, historical and cultural construction. Thus, in we approach them to the Cultural Studies to know nurses speeches on the subject. The research is periodic articles of two national ones of nursing. In the analyses we use tools proposals for Michel Foucault that they make possible to constitute four categories: the silenced and occulted death; stopping one it fights against the death; the death in scene: multiplicity of faces and the palliative death and cares: paradigm change. The study detaches the way as the publications operate in the production of knowing on the death and dying to them and subjectiving the nurses. PMID:19597671

  18. [Attitude of cancer patients, their relatives, nurses and doctors to active euthanasia].

    PubMed

    Kuuppelomäki, M

    1997-01-01

    In this qualitative study the attitudes of the different groups of people to active euthanasia are described. 32 persons having incurable cancer, 13 relatives, 13 nurses and 13 doctors participated in the study. The study was carried out in two central hospitals and in four local hospitals. The data was collected by theme-interviews. The interviews were taped and transcribed. The interview-texts were analysed by content analysis. More than half of the participants in the study approved of active euthanasia. Among the relatives and the nurses the approval was most common. Also the attitudes of the doctors were more positive that it has been reported in the earlier studies. In the decision making concerning active euthanasia the persons with positive attitude emphasized the meaning of terminal illness, the existence of suffering and pain and the self-determination of the person. The persons with negative attitude said that a human being has no right to decide on the death of an other human being. The misuses, the uncertainty of the finality of the situation and the effective possibilities to the symptom control came out too. The doctors mentioned also the arguments concerning their own profession. PMID:9429346

  19. Anti-permissive attitudes to lifestyles associated with AIDS.

    PubMed

    Nisbet, L A; McQueen, D V

    1993-04-01

    AIDS is in the tradition of diseases which have given moral interpretations. One way in which this moralistic perspective may express itself is by members of the public holding high risk groups responsible for their (AIDS related) lifestyles and their considering AIDS to be a self-inflicted disease. A unique data source of 7000 verbatim comments recorded in the course of 25,000 structured Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews on Lifestyle and Health which contain a substantial component on AIDS--knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and sexual behaviour, was used to document negative attitudes to 'AIDS related lifestyles'. These comments revealed that despite evidence of concern about drug use, many respondents consider AIDS to be irrelevant to the majority of the population. There is some evidence that AIDS has contributed to reinforcing negative attitudes towards homosexuality and drug use, especially among older respondents. Extreme punitive attitudes towards high risk groups were expressed by a small minority (predominantly males). PMID:8480235

  20. Factors contributing to attitude exchange amongst preservice elementary teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palmer, David H.

    2002-01-01

    Previous research has shown that elementary education majors often dislike science and lack confidence in their ability to teach it. This is an important problem because students who hold these attitudes are likely to avoid teaching science, or teach it poorly, when they become teachers. It is therefore necessary to identify preservice elementary teachers who hold negative attitudes towards science, and attempt to convert these attitudes to positive before they become teachers. This study was designed to identify students whose attitudes had changed from negative to positive (i.e., attitude exchange had occurred) after participating in a one-semester elementary science education course, and to identify the course factors that were responsible. Four participants were individually interviewed. The transcripts indicated that attitude exchange had occurred for each of the four students. Each student described several features of the course that had a positive influence. These were of three main types: personal attributes of the tutor, specific teaching strategies, and external validation. It was proposed that many of the individual factors were effective because they represented either performance accomplishments or vicarious experience as defined by Bandura (Psychological Review, 84, 1977, 191-215).

  1. Utilization Implications for Hardwoods Susceptible to Sudden Oak Death1

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Utilization Implications for Hardwoods Susceptible to Sudden Oak Death1 John R. Shelly2 The number of woody species succumbing to Sudden Oak Death (SOD) infections and the number of counties where and dying trees creates numerous handling and disposal problems. One possible solution is to develop markets

  2. Development of an Attitude Scale to Assess K-12 Teachers' Attitudes toward Nanotechnology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yu-Ling Lan

    2012-01-01

    To maximize the contributions of nanotechnology to this society, at least 60 countries have put efforts into this field. In Taiwan, a government-funded K-12 Nanotechnology Programme was established to train K-12 teachers with adequate nanotechnology literacy to foster the next generation of Taiwanese people with sufficient knowledge in nanotechnology. In the present study, the Nanotechnology Attitude Scale for K-12 teachers

  3. Death qualification and prejudice: the effect of implicit racism, sexism, and homophobia on capital defendants' right to due process.

    PubMed

    Butler, Brooke

    2007-01-01

    Two hundred venirepersons from the 12th Judicial Circuit in Bradenton, Florida completed the following measures: (1) one question that measured their level of support for the death penalty; (2) one question that categorized their death-qualification status; (3) 23 questions that measured their attitudes toward the death penalty (ATDP); (4) 22 questions that assessed their attitudes toward women (ATW); (5) 25 questions that measured their level of homophobia (H); (6) seven questions that assessed their level of modern racism (MR); (7) eight questions that measured their level of modern sexism (MS); and (8) standard demographic questions. Results indicated that as death-penalty support increased participants exhibited more positive attitudes toward the death penalty, more negative attitudes toward women, and higher levels of homophobia, modern racism, and modern sexism. Findings also suggested that death-qualified venirepersons exhibited more positive attitudes toward the death penalty and higher levels of homophobia, modern racism, and modern sexism. Finally, more positive attitudes toward the death penalty were correlated with more negative attitudes toward women and higher levels of homophobia, modern racism, and modern sexism. Legal implications are discussed. PMID:18046739

  4. Two cases of death due to plastic bag suffocation.

    PubMed

    Nadesan, K; Beng, O B

    2001-01-01

    Deaths due to plastic bag suffocation or plastic bag asphyxia are not reported in Malaysia. In the West many suicides by plastic bag asphyxia, particularly in the elderly and those who are chronically and terminally ill, have been reported. Accidental deaths too are not uncommon in the West, both among small children who play with shopping bags and adolescents who are solvent abusers. Another well-known but not so common form of accidental death from plastic bag asphyxia is sexual asphyxia, which is mostly seen among adult males. Homicide by plastic bag asphyxia too is reported in the West and the victims are invariably infants or adults who are frail or terminally ill and who cannot struggle. Two deaths due to plastic bag asphyxia are presented. Both the autopsies were performed at the University Hospital Mortuary, Kuala Lumpur. Both victims were 50-year old married Chinese males. One death was diagnosed as suicide and the other as sexual asphyxia. Sexual asphyxia is generally believed to be a problem associated exclusively with the West. Specific autopsy findings are often absent in deaths due to plastic bag asphyxia and therefore such deaths could be missed when some interested parties have altered the scene and most importantly have removed the plastic bag. A visit to the scene of death is invariably useful. PMID:11219130

  5. Using Poison Center Exposure Calls to Predict Methadone Poisoning Deaths

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nabarun Dasgupta; Jonathan Davis; Michele Jonsson Funk; Richard Dart

    2012-01-01

    PurposeThere are more drug overdose deaths in the Untied States than motor vehicle fatalities. Yet the US vital statistics reporting system is of limited value because the data are delayed by four years. Poison centers report data within an hour of the event, but previous studies suggested a small proportion of poisoning deaths are reported to poison centers (PC). In

  6. Validity Issues in the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, James S.; Laughlin, James E.; Wedell, Douglas H.

    1999-01-01

    Highlights the theoretical differences between the approaches of R. Likert (1932) and L. Thurstone (1928) to attitude measurement. Uses real and simulated data on attitudes toward abortion to illustrate that attitude researchers should pay more attention to the empirical-response characteristics of items on a Likert attitude questionnaire. (SLD)

  7. Validity Issues in the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James S. Roberts; James E. Laughlin; Douglas H. Wedell

    1999-01-01

    This article highlights the theoretical differences between the Likert and Thurstone approaches to attitude measurement and demonstrates how such differences can lead to discrepant attitude estimates for individuals with the most extreme opinions. Both simulated data and real data on attitude toward abortion are used to demonstrate this discrepancy. The results suggest that attitude researchers should, at the very least,

  8. Construction and validation of the Gender Attitude Inventory, a structured inventory to assess multiple dimensions of gender attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard D. Ashmore; Frances K. Del Boca; Scott M. Bilder

    1995-01-01

    Three studies describe the development and initial validation of the Gender Attitude Inventory (GAI), a structured inventory that assesses attitudes toward the multiple objects that organize college students' thoughts and feelings about sex and gender. An intergroup relations perspective was used to specify the universe of gender-related targets and to construct a preliminary instrument. Factor analyses of the results of

  9. Unpacking attitude certainty: attitude clarity and attitude correctness.

    PubMed

    Petrocelli, John V; Tormala, Zakary L; Rucker, Derek D

    2007-01-01

    Attitude certainty has been the subject of considerable attention in the attitudes and persuasion literature. The present research identifies 2 aspects of attitude certainty and provides evidence for the distinctness of the constructs. Specifically, it is proposed that attitude certainty can be conceptualized, and empirically separated, in terms of attitude clarity (the subjective sense that one knows what one's attitude is) and attitude correctness (the subjective sense that one's attitude is correct or valid). Experiment 1 uses factor analysis and correlational data to provide evidence for viewing attitude clarity and attitude correctness as separate constructs. Experiments 2 and 3 demonstrate that attitude clarity and attitude correctness can have distinct antecedents (repeated expression and consensus feedback, respectively). Experiment 4 reveals that these constructs each play an independent role in persuasion and resistance situations. As clarity and correctness increase, attitudes become more resistant to counterattitudinal persuasive messages. These findings are discussed in relation to the existing attitude strength literature. PMID:17201540

  10. Death of honeybees continues to baffle scientists

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-01-01

    Mysterious disorder puts S.D. bees at riskhttp://www.argusleader.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070515/NEWS/705150301/1001Queen Bees-In Hive or Castle, Duty Without Powerhttp://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/15/science/15angi.htmlAre mobile phones wiping out our bees?http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/wildlife/article2449968.eceYou've saved whales and dolphins-now save the beeshttp://www.nashuatelegraph.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070515/COLUMNISTS26/70515009/-1/opinionNature: Bee Anatomy [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/alienempire/multimedia/bee.htmlThe Beekeeping Portalhttp://www.beekeeping.org/Apiarists throughout the United States and the rest of the world have been asking one pressing question over the past several months: What is killing millions of honeybees? A number of theories have been proposed as of late, and the mysterious ailment known as colony collapse disorder is something that is puzzling both entomologists and those who derive their livelihood from honeybee-related activities. Bees have been leaving the hive and never returning, so researchers can't perform necropsies in many cases. While some people may just associate honeybees with their most popular product, namely honey, these tiny creatures are also responsible for pollinating over ninety different crops, including almonds, apples, cranberries, watermelon, and cucumbers. One potential explanation that has been advanced is that extensive radiation from mobile phones could be interfering with bees' navigation systems. An apiarist in South Dakota, Brad Folsand, remarked that "You always lose a few, maybe 10 percent or something like that. But there are guys who have lost 90 percent in some places." Apiculturists from the University of Illinois to the University of California, Davis are continuing to research this vexing situation, and it is hoped that they will be able to get the bottom of the situation in the near future. The first link will take users to a piece from this Tuesday's News-Herald about the difficult situation faced by beekeepers in northeast Ohio. Moving along, the second link leads to a similar story from the Sioux Falls Argus Leader. The third link will take users to a nice piece of science reporting from this Tuesday's New York Times about the world of the queen bee. The forth link leads to an article from the Independent which talks about the potential link between these recent honeybee deaths and mobile phones. The fifth link leads to a passionate editorial from the Nashua Telegraph's own Mike Morin about the importance of saving the honeybee population. The sixth link leads to a great interactive feature from the Nature program that provides details about the bee's anatomy, from the stinger all the way up to the antennae. Finally, the last link leads to the very exhaustive and interesting Virtual Beekeeping Gallery, which contains information on bee-keeping equipment, related associations, laboratories, and so on.

  11. Paternal exposure to agricultural pesticides and cause specific fetal death

    PubMed Central

    Regidor, E; Ronda, E; Garcia, A; Dominguez, V

    2004-01-01

    Aims: To study the association between fetal death and paternal agricultural occupation in areas and time periods with different levels of use of agricultural pesticides. Methods: A total of 1 473 146 stillbirths and births occurring in Spain between 1995 and 1999 were analysed. Results: The offspring of agricultural workers had the highest risk of fetal death from congenital anomalies in the southern and eastern area (where pesticide use is greatest) and the lowest risk in the rest of Spain. In both areas the offspring of agricultural workers had a similar excess risk of fetal death from the remaining causes of death. The relative risk of fetal death from congenital anomalies in infants conceived between April and September (the months of greater use of pesticides) in the southern and eastern area was 0.90 in manual workers and 1.62 in agricultural workers, compared to non-manual workers; in individuals who were conceived during the rest of the year, the relative risk was 0.87 and 0.85, respectively. In both periods the offspring of agricultural workers had an excess risk of fetal death from the remaining causes of death. Conclusions: Paternal agricultural work in the areas where pesticides are massively used increases the risk of fetal death from congenital anomalies. The risk is also increased for fetuses conceived during the time periods of maximum use of pesticides The higher risk of fetal death from the remaining causes of death in the offspring of agricultural workers seems unrelated to pesticide exposure. PMID:15031391

  12. Using Partially Structured Attitude Measures to Enhance the Attitude-Behavior Relationship

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick T. Vargas; William von Hippel; Richard E. Petty

    2004-01-01

    This article recalls a classic scheme for categorizing attitude mea- sures. One particular group of measures, those that rely on respondents' interpretations of partially structured stimuli, has virtually disappeared from attitude research. An attitude mea- sure based on respondents' interpretation of partially structured stimuli is considered. Four studies employing such a measure demonstrate that it predicts unique variance in self-reported

  13. To Be or Not to Be: It's "Still" a Question of Attitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baskerville, Roger A.

    Attitudes expressed in Iowa's news media recently show a change of attitude from an urban or metropolitan slant to a more pro-rural, pro-agrarian point of view. Iowa's major daily news medium is now saying that the state's character, culture, economy, values, beliefs, and social attitudes are in jeopardy, and Iowans should have the moral and…

  14. Attitudes and responses of parents to pre-adolescent masturbation.

    PubMed

    Gagnon, J H

    1985-10-01

    As part of a larger study of parental roles in sex education, a stratified probability sample of 1482 parents of three- to eleven-year-old children were interviewed about their knowledge, attitudes, and practices with reference to "masturbation" on the part of their children. A large majority of parents accepted the fact that children did masturbate, a smaller majority agreed that masturbation among children was alright, but less than half wanted their children as adolescents to have a positive attitude toward masturbation. Identified events of masturbation were reported to be more common among boys than girls, with mothers reporting higher incidences for both boys and girls than fathers reported. Parents with higher levels of education and liberal sexual attitudes were more positive on most attitudinal items about masturbation and reported a higher incidence of such conduct among their children. Parents who attended church more frequently were less likely to report positive views and conduct. Parents who reported they had masturbated as children were most likely to report positive views and a high incidence of masturbation on the part of their children. In general mothers played a more important role than fathers in transmitting knowledge and were more liberal in their attitudes. Negative information and attitudes toward masturbation remains a common response of parents when they are confronted with children's masturbation. PMID:4062541

  15. Attitudes to kidney donation among primary care patients in rural Crete, Greece

    PubMed Central

    Symvoulakis, Emmanouil K; Komninos, Ioannis D; Antonakis, Nikos; Morgan, Myfanwy; Alegakis, Athanasios; Tsafantakis, Emmanouil; Chatziarsenis, Marios; Philalithis, Anastas; Jones, Roger

    2009-01-01

    Background In Greece, there is limited research on issues related to organ donation, and the low rate of registration as donors requires explanation. This study reports the findings of a survey of knowledge and attitudes to kidney donation among primary care patients in rural Crete, Greece. Methods Two rural primary care settings in the island of Crete, Anogia Health Centre and Vrachasi Practice, were involved in a questionnaire survey. This was conducted among primary care patients (aged 18 years and over) with routine appointments, to assess their knowledge and attitudes to kidney donation. General practitioners (GPs) recruited patients and questionnaires were completed following the patients' medical consultation. Pearson's chi square tests were used and crude odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated in order to investigate into the possible associations between the respondents' knowledge, attitudes and specific concerns in relation to their socio-demographic features. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine differences by geographical location. Results The 224 (92.5%) of the 242 primary care attenders who were approached agreed to participate. Only 2.2% (5/224) of the respondents carried a donor card. Most participants (84.4%, 189/224) did not feel well informed about registering as a kidney donor. More than half of the respondents (54.3%, 121/223) were unwilling to register as a kidney donor and donate kidneys for transplant after death. Over a third of respondents (35.4%, 79/223) were not confident that medical teams would try as hard as possible to save the life of a person who has agreed to donate organs. People with a higher level of education were more likely to be willing to register as kidney donors [(OR: 3.3; 95% CI: 1.8–6.0), p < 0.001)] and to be less worried about their kidneys being removed after death [(OR: 0.3; 95% CI: 0.1–0.5), p < 0.001)] than those having a lower level of education. Conclusion Lack of knowledge and information regarding organ donation and negative attitudes related to registration as donors were the main findings of this study. Efforts should be based on targeting the attitudes to organ donation of individuals and population groups. PMID:19208215

  16. Changing Medical Students’ Attitudes to Psychiatry through Newer Teaching Techniques*

    PubMed Central

    Nayak, Ajita

    2015-01-01

    The significance of mental health in the entire health scenario has increased. However, the representation of psychiatry in the current MBBS curriculum for undergraduate students in India still remains much less than desirable. Further, stigmatising attitudes lessen these future doctors’ ability to detect and manage patients with psychological problems despite adequate knowledge about psychiatry. Students believe that psychiatrically ill patients are unpredictable and can be dangerous to others. Some feel that psychiatry is unscientific, imprecise and treatment is not effective. Traditional teaching methods are directed more towards imparting knowledge than changing the attitudes of students. Newer teaching and assessment techniques should be used to bring about attitudinal changes and develop interest among medical students. Case based and problem based learning, small group teaching, simulated patients, using movies, multidisciplinary seminars, integrated teaching, attitude questionnaires, objective structured clinical examinations etc., could be introduced in the curriculum to achieve this objective. PMID:25838738

  17. Maternal deaths associated with eclampsia in South Africa: Lessons to learn from the confidential enquiries into maternal deaths, 2005 - 2007.

    PubMed

    Moodley, J

    2010-11-01

    Eclampsia is the commonest direct cause of maternal death in South Africa. The latest Saving Mothers Report (2005-2007) indicates that there were 622 maternal deaths due to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Of these, 334 (55.3%) were due to eclampsia; of the eclamptic deaths, 50 were over the age of 35 years and 83 were under 20 years old. Avoidable factors involved patient related factors (mainly delay in seeking help), administrative factors (mainly delay in transport) and health personnel issues (mainly due to delay in referring patients). The major causes of death were cerebrovascular accidents and cardiac failure. The majority of deaths due to cardiac failure were due to pulmonary oedema. To reduce deaths from eclampsia, more attention must be given to the detection of pre-eclampsia; the provision of information on the advantages of antenatal care to the population at large and training of health professions in the management of obstetric emergencies. PMID:21081020

  18. Tiny Brain Lesions Linked to Raised Risk of Stroke Death

    MedlinePLUS

    ... nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_153458.html Tiny Brain Lesions Linked to Raised Risk of Stroke Death ... 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Tiny damaged areas in the brain may signal an increased risk of stroke or ...

  19. Childhood, death, and cognitive development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald P. Koocher

    1973-01-01

    Employed Piaget's framework for conceptualizing cognitive development to explore and analyze children's attitudes toward death. Ss were 75 6-15 yr olds with at least average intellectual ability, as measured by the WISC Similarities subtest. Conservation tests were used to determine S's primary level of cognitive functioning. Each S was asked the following questions: What makes things die? How can you

  20. Teacher Attitudes on Coping with Grief in the Public School Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Jon K.; Dixon, Wayne A.

    1999-01-01

    Study replicates a previous study with early childhood teachers while also including the Death Attitude Profile-Revised. This study establishes teacher attitudes toward death and dying and their self-perceived ability to assist grieving students. Both quantitative and qualitative findings indicate need for further teacher preparation in dealing…

  1. A district confidential enquiry into deaths due to asthma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N J Wareham; B D Harrison; P F Jenkins; J Nicholls; D E Stableforth

    1993-01-01

    BACKGROUND--The aim was to establish a continuing district based confidential enquiry into deaths from asthma. METHODS--A confidential enquiry was conducted in an English health district. Subjects comprised 24 residents of the Norwich health district aged between 16 and 65 years who had died between 1988 and 1991 with asthma as the principal cause of death. RESULTS--Twenty one of the patients

  2. Improving Students' Attitudes to Chance with Games and Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nisbet, Steven; Williams, Anne

    2009-01-01

    A study was undertaken to implement a series of chance games and activities in a Year 7 classroom, and investigate the students' knowledge about probability concepts, as well as their attitudes to chance. Initially, the project involved selecting a set of appropriate learning activities to develop key probability concepts which are integral to the…

  3. Schoolboys' attitudes to careers in the building industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary D. Wilson

    1953-01-01

    An investigation into the vocational preferences of secondary modern school children, aged 13–15, in which answers to questionnaires were related to intelligence test findings, has brought to light the following facts about boys' attitudes to careers in the building industry.1. i. All the building trades except masonry and plastering were fairly popular occupations among these school leavers.2. ii. Carpentry was

  4. Caregiver Attitudes to Gynaecological Health of Women with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding; Chu, Cordia M.; Chen, Li-Mei

    2011-01-01

    Background: There is little information available related to the reproductive health of people with intellectual disability (ID). The aims of the present study are to describe caregiver attitudes and to examine determinants of gynaecological health for women with ID. Method: We recruited 1152 caregivers (response rate = 71.87%) and analysed their…

  5. Changing Attitudes to International Business Through the Business Curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Murray Frazer

    1995-01-01

    There are arguably two principal tasks for the international business curriculum within business schools: to produce comparatively small numbers of international business specialists, and to generate positive attitudes towards and understanding of international business on the part of essentially all business graduates. However no curriculum development model exists to help with the task of devising curriculum strategies and structures appropriate

  6. Age Modulates Attitudes to Whole Body Donation among Medical Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Gary F.; Ettarh, Raj R.

    2009-01-01

    Managing a whole body donor program is necessary for facilitating a traditional dissection-based anatomy curriculum in medicine and health sciences. Factors which influence body donations to medical science can therefore affect dissection-based anatomy teaching. In order to determine whether age influences the attitudes of medical students to

  7. Attitudes of Health Professionals to Child Sexual Abuse and Incest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, N.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Results of surveying 299 professionals concerning their knowledge and attitudes about child sexual abuse and incest showed that the type of sexual activity involved influenced responses; the type of relationship between adult and child, less so. Estimates of incest were low but incest was considered to be harmful to the victim. (Author/DB)

  8. Lay Attitudes toward Genetic Testing for Susceptibility to Inherited Diseases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John S. Shaw; Kimberly L. Bassi

    2001-01-01

    One of the most important issues facing legal and medical policy makers in the coming years will be whether to employ populationbased testing for genetic markers of inherited diseases. Two hundred and twenty-six randomly selected individuals from Easton, Pennsylvania completed a mail questionnaire that was designed to assess the general public’s attitudes toward many of the personal and societal issues

  9. Measuring Attitude Change Response to Films. Observational Report No. 7315.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Jack H.; Rosing, Allen

    This paper describes an experiment to measure attitudinal change in educable mentally retarded and normal children as a result of seeing a film entitled "The Hunter." The investigators, after previewing the film, outlined the attitudes and concepts contained in the film; question items were written to test these concepts. Essentially, the…

  10. Shame, Death, and Dying

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramón Martínez de Pisón Liébanas

    2002-01-01

    This paper deals with the influence of shame on the way in which Western society, particularly North America, is coping with death and dying. From being a familiar event, death and dying have become a shameful aspect of life. Thus, this paper provides some understanding of this important transformation, and it challenges some of our present attitudes regarding death and

  11. 20 CFR 410.450 - Death due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory presumption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Death due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory presumption...LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.450 Death due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory...

  12. 20 CFR 410.458 - Irrebuttable presumption of death due to pneumoconiosis-survivor's claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... false Irrebuttable presumption of death due to pneumoconiosis-survivor's claim...BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.458 Irrebuttable presumption of death due to pneumoconiosis—survivor's...

  13. 20 CFR 410.450 - Death due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory presumption.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Death due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory presumption...LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.450 Death due to pneumoconiosis, including statutory...

  14. 20 CFR 410.458 - Irrebuttable presumption of death due to pneumoconiosis-survivor's claim.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... false Irrebuttable presumption of death due to pneumoconiosis-survivor's claim...BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.458 Irrebuttable presumption of death due to pneumoconiosis—survivor's...

  15. Measuring Bystander Attitudes and Behavior to Prevent Sexual Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, Sarah; Allen, Christopher T.; Postmus, Judy L.; McMahon, Sheila M.; Peterson, N. Andrew; Lowe Hoffman, Melanie

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study is to further investigate the factor structure and strength of the Bystander Attitude Scale-Revised and Bystander Behavior Scale-Revised (BAS-R and BBS-R). Participants: First-year students (N = 4,054) at a large public university in the Northeast completed a survey in 2010 as part of a larger longitudinal…

  16. Attitudes of Undergraduate Students to the Uses of Animals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanisstreet, Martin; And Others

    1993-01-01

    A survey of 244 British university undergraduates in biology, computer science, and English investigated attitudes about various uses of animals, including killing animals to make luxury clothing, killing of animals for food, general and medical research using animals, and captivity. Response differences by discipline, gender, and age were also…

  17. Development of an Instrument To Measure Attitudes toward Old Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Beverly; Troyer, Rik

    A group of 261 college juniors, seniors, and graduate students anticipating careers in mental health professions were administered an instrument designed to measure attitudes toward old age (people 65 and older). The instrument consisted of 60 statements regarding old age, and used a six-point Likert-type scale. Items were categorized into 10…

  18. Student Attitudes to Whole Body Donation are Influenced by Dissection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-09-01

    This article describes a pre-post survey given to medical students in a gross anatomy course addressing the attitudes toward becoming cadaver donators. Outcomes discuss the influence of actively dissecting a cadaver and how that shifts students away from donating one's body.

  19. Introduction to Effective Music Teaching: Artistry and Attitude

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Alfred S.

    2011-01-01

    "Introduction to Effective Music Teaching: Artistry and Attitude" provides the prospective teacher with front-line tested strategies and approaches that are based on current research and the author's three decades of service as a public school music educator, department chairman, and public school district music administrator. Starting with a…

  20. Assessing Changes to Student Attitudes and Beliefs about Science & Astronomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sebastien Cormier; E. E. Prather; G. Brissenden; C. Impey

    2010-01-01

    We have begun a mixed methods study that uses longitudinal and interview data to inform our understanding of student's beliefs and attitudes about the role of science within our society and their understanding of the nature of science within the context of astronomy. We are also seeking the input of the broader Astro 101 teaching community about their own beliefs

  1. Attitudes of Spanish University Teaching Staff to Quality in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea-Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; Mijangos-Del-Campo, Juan Jose; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon

    2012-01-01

    This article sets out to investigate the notions Spanish university teaching staff have of quality in education, on the assumption that those notions give a reliable picture of the attitudes of teaching staff towards education policy design and university management. The paper takes an empirical approach, collecting opinions telematically via a…

  2. Therapeutic approaches to preventing cell death in Huntington disease

    PubMed Central

    Kaplan, Anna; Stockwell, Brent R.

    2012-01-01

    Neurodegenerative diseases affect the lives of millions of patients and their families. Due to the complexity of these diseases and our limited understanding of their pathogenesis, the design of therapeutic agents that can effectively treat these diseases has been challenging. Huntington disease (HD) is one of several neurological disorders with few therapeutic options. HD, like numerous other neurodegenerative diseases, involves extensive neuronal cell loss. One potential strategy to combat HD and other neurodegenerative disorders is to intervene in the execution of neuronal cell death. Inhibiting neuronal cell death pathways may slow the development of neurodegeneration. However, discovering small molecule inhibitors of neuronal cell death remains a significant challenge. Here, we review candidate therapeutic targets controlling cell death mechanisms that have been the focus of research in HD, as well as an emerging strategy that has been applied to developing small molecule inhibitors—fragment-based drug discovery (FBDD). FBDD has been successfully used in both industry and academia to identify selective and potent small molecule inhibitors, with a focus on challenging proteins that are not amenable to traditional high-throughput screening approaches. FBDD has been used to generate potent leads, pre-clinical candidates, and has led to the development of an FDA approved drug. This approach can be valuable for identifying modulators of cell-death-regulating proteins; such compounds may prove to be the key to halting the progression of HD and other neurodegenerative disorders. PMID:22967354

  3. 38 CFR 3.800 - Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. 3.800...Special Benefits § 3.800 Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. This...363. (a) Where disease, injury, death or the aggravation of an...

  4. 38 CFR 3.800 - Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. 3.800...Special Benefits § 3.800 Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. This...363. (a) Where disease, injury, death or the aggravation of an...

  5. 38 CFR 6.19 - Evidence to establish death of the insured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Evidence to establish death of the insured. 6.19 Section 6.19... UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Death Benefits § 6.19 Evidence to establish death of the insured. Whenever a claim is...

  6. 38 CFR 6.19 - Evidence to establish death of the insured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Evidence to establish death of the insured. 6.19 Section 6.19... UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Death Benefits § 6.19 Evidence to establish death of the insured. Whenever a claim is...

  7. 38 CFR 6.19 - Evidence to establish death of the insured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Evidence to establish death of the insured. 6.19 Section 6.19... UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Death Benefits § 6.19 Evidence to establish death of the insured. Whenever a claim is...

  8. 38 CFR 6.19 - Evidence to establish death of the insured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Evidence to establish death of the insured. 6.19 Section 6.19... UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Death Benefits § 6.19 Evidence to establish death of the insured. Whenever a claim is...

  9. 38 CFR 3.800 - Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 false Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. 3.800...Special Benefits § 3.800 Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. This...363. (a) Where disease, injury, death or the aggravation of an...

  10. 38 CFR 6.19 - Evidence to establish death of the insured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Evidence to establish death of the insured. 6.19 Section 6.19... UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Death Benefits § 6.19 Evidence to establish death of the insured. Whenever a claim is...

  11. 38 CFR 3.800 - Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. 3.800...Special Benefits § 3.800 Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. This...363. (a) Where disease, injury, death or the aggravation of an...

  12. 38 CFR 3.800 - Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. 3.800...Special Benefits § 3.800 Disability or death due to hospitalization, etc. This...363. (a) Where disease, injury, death or the aggravation of an...

  13. Talking about Death: Implementing Peer Discussion as a Coping Mechanism to Overcome Fears about Dissection, Death, and Dying

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotze, Sanet Henriet; Mole, Calvin Gerald

    2013-01-01

    Many studies have reported on the perceptions of medical students toward dissection. It is important to understand the feelings and symptoms experienced during dissection so that they can be adequately handled. Prior to dissection, first year students are given lectures on aspects of dissection, death and dying, and death rituals in various…

  14. Terminally ill cancer patients' wish to hasten death.

    PubMed

    Kelly, B; Burnett, P; Pelusi, D; Badger, S; Varghese, F; Robertson, M

    2002-07-01

    This exploratory study investigated factors associated with the wish to hasten death among a sample of terminally ill cancer patients. Semi-structured interviews conducted on a total of 72 hospice and home palliative care patients were subjected to qualitative analysis using QSR-NUDIST. The main themes to emerge suggested that patients with a high wish to hasten death had greater concerns with physical symptoms and psychological suffering, perceived themselves to be more of a burden to others, and experienced higher levels of demoralization, while also reporting less confidence in symptom control, fewer social supports, less satisfaction with life experiences and fewer religious beliefs when compared with patients who had a moderate or no wish to hasten death. The implications of these findings will be discussed. PMID:12132547

  15. P arent al Child-Rearing Sex-Role Attitudes Related to Social Issue Sex-Role Attitudes and Selected Demographic Variables

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Penny Lee Burge

    1981-01-01

    Parents' child-rearing sex-role attitudes were investigated to determine their relationship to social issue sex-role attitudes and selected demographic variables. The sample included 94 parents, 32 couples, and 30 persons who responded individually. Data were gathered by use of a demographic information sheet, the Sex-Role Attitude Scale, and the Child-Rearing Sex- Role Attitude Scale. Findings indicated a relationship between social issue

  16. Motoneuron Programmed Cell Death in Response to proBDNF

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, AR; Gifondorwa, DJ; Robinson, MB; Strupe, JL; Prevette, D; Johnson, JE; Hempstead, BL; Oppenheim, RW; Milligan, CE

    2011-01-01

    Motoneurons (MN) as well as most neuronal populations undergo a temporally and spatially specific period of programmed cell death (PCD). Several factors have been considered to regulate the survival of MNs during this period, including availability of muscle-derived trophic support and activity. The possibility that target-derived factors may also negatively regulate MN survival has been considered, but not pursued. Neurotrophin precursors, through their interaction with p75NTR and sortilin receptors have been shown to induce cell death during development and following injury in the CNS. In this study, we find that muscle cells produce and secrete proBDNF. ProBDNF through its interaction with p75NTR and sortilin, promotes a caspase-dependent death of MNs in culture. We also provide data to suggest that proBDNF regulates MN PCD during development in vivo. PMID:21834083

  17. The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure Attitudes Toward Women's Genitals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Debra L. Herbenick

    2009-01-01

    Sexual behaviors may be related to or influenced by a range of factors including individuals' attitudes toward women's genitals. To date, however, no reliable and valid measure exists with which researchers or clinicians can assess individuals' attitudes toward women's genitals. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid scale to measure attitudes toward women's genitals and

  18. G-SRT Mt. Whitney to Death Valley

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-02-04

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: The Morris family is on a road trip through California. One day they are driving from Death Valley to Sequoia National Park. Death Valley is home to th...

  19. A theoretical prediction of the attitude dynamics due to aerodynamic effects on the reusable reentry satellite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. F. Wercinski

    1988-01-01

    As part of the preliminary mission analysis of the Reusable Reentry Satellite (RRS) (planned for launching in the early to mid-1990s), the on-orbit attitude dynamics of the RRS were analyzed to quantify various parameters that would affect the attitude dynamics of the vehicle. The analysis simulated the attitude dynamics of the RRS due to aerodynamic forces coupled with the motion

  20. [Contemplating one's own death to prevent suicidal acts].

    PubMed

    Gaillard-Bosson, Michèle

    2015-01-01

    In the framework of a helping relationship with a person in suicidal crisis, contemplating one's own death can help to prevent suicidal act. Due to the psychological experiences at work, it is important for the caregiver to have thought about and accepted their own existential finiteness, a process which enables them to provide better support for the person in severe distress. PMID:25751908

  1. Teaching Abnormal Psychology to Improve Attitudes toward Mental Illness and Help-Seeking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kendra, Matthew S.; Cattaneo, Lauren B.; Mohr, Jonathan J.

    2012-01-01

    Abnormal psychology instructors often use traditional and personal methods to educate students about and improve student attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking. Data from abnormal psychology students (N = 190) were used to determine if and how students' attitudes toward mental illness and professional help-seeking attitudes

  2. Did Bartonella henselae contribute to the deaths of two veterinarians?

    PubMed

    Breitschwerdt, Edward B

    2015-01-01

    Bartonella henselae, a flea-transmitted bacterium, causes chronic, zoonotic, blood stream infections in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients throughout the world. As an intra-erythrocytic and endotheliotropic bacterium, B. henselae causes a spectrum of symptomatology ranging from asymptomatic bacteremia to fever, endocarditis and death. Veterinary workers are at occupational risk for acquiring bartonellosis. As an emerging, and incompletely understood, stealth bacterial pathogen, B. henselae may or may not have been responsible for the deaths of two veterinarians; however, recent evidence indicates that this genus is of much greater medical importance than is currently appreciated by the majority of the biomedical community. PMID:26062543

  3. War Without Death: Responses to Distant Suffering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julian Petley

    Contemporary media representations of warfare are marked by a glaring paradox: whilst modern media technology has the potential to permit us to see more details of warfare than ever before, and whilst fictional representations of warfare, and of violent acts in general, have become ever bloodier and more explicit, non-fictional ones (at least in the British and US mainstream media)

  4. The gender gap in capital punishment attitudes: An analysis of support and opposition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN T. WHITEHEADtr; Michael B. Blankenship

    2000-01-01

    This study examines the gender gap in attitudes toward the death penalty, including attention to global versus specific measures.\\u000a The study is based on a survey in Tennessee of attitudes toward crime and criminal justice. Specifically, the study examines\\u000a male and female global attitudes, attitudes toward a life without parole option, reasons that supporters and opponents give\\u000a for their views,

  5. Attitudes of Swedes to marginal donors and xenotransplantation.

    PubMed

    Lundin, S; Idvall, M

    2003-06-01

    The aim of our survey was to capture the attitudes of Swedes to marginal donors and xenotransplantation. Modern biotechnology makes it possible to replace non-functioning organs, cells, and genes. Nonetheless, people may have reservations and fears about such treatments. With the survey, Attitudes of the General Public to Transplants, we have sought to expose the ambivalence that arises when medical possibilities are juxtaposed with ideas of risk. The design of the questionnaire originates from the interdisciplinary cooperation between ethnologists, medical scientists, and geneticists. By combining qualitative and quantitative methods, it is possible to illustrate the complexity that characterises people's view of modern biomedicine. People's reflections are based on a personal and situation bound morality, which does not necessarily coincide with what they generally consider as ethically justifiable. PMID:12796443

  6. The After-Death Call to Family Members: Academic Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LoboPrabhu, Sheila; Molinari, Victor; Pate, Jennifer; Lomax, James

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors discuss clinical and teaching aspects of a telephone call by the treating clinician to family members after a patient dies. Methods: A MEDLINE search was conducted for references to an after-death call made by the treating clinician to family members. A review of this literature is summarized. Results: A clinical application…

  7. Autoerotic Asphyxiation: A Challenge to Death Educators and Counselors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garos, Sheila

    1994-01-01

    Notes that approximately 250 to 1,000 deaths in United States annually are result of autoerotic asphyxiation, hangings that were intended to enhance sexual excitement. Reviews scattered literature on autoerotic asphyxiation and includes observations by two psychiatrists and medical examiner. Notes that much remains to be learned about this…

  8. Microteaching: From Infant Death to Immortality?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Brian K.

    A general introduction to the concept of microteaching and its development is presented, and the generally accepted format and the skills practiced for microteaching are described. Aspects of microteaching commonly perceived as favorable and unfavorable are addressed, and a review of current research is provided and followed by a discussion of the…

  9. Teachers' Attitudes toward Reporting Child Sexual Abuse: Problems with Existing Research Leading to New Scale Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kerryann Walsh; Mehdi Rassafiani; Ben Mathews; Ann Farrell; Des Butler

    2010-01-01

    This paper details a systematic literature review identifying problems in extant research relating to teachers' attitudes toward reporting child sexual abuse and offers a model for new attitude scale development and testing. Scale development comprised a five-phase process grounded in contemporary attitude theories, including (a) developing the initial item pool, (b) conducting a panel review, (c) refining the scale via

  10. Effect of the Challenger Experience on Elementary Children's Attitudes to Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jarvis, Tina; Pell, Anthony

    2002-01-01

    Explores how the Challenger experience influenced over 655 elementary boys' and girls' general attitudes toward science and space during the five months after their visit by examining their responses to four different attitude scales. Discusses positive outcomes and negative effects of the Challenger experience on children's attitude toward…

  11. An Anthropocentric Approach to Saving Biodiversity: Kenyan Pupils' Attitudes towards Parks and Wildlife

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ali, Ibrahim M.

    2006-01-01

    This study used an unobtrusive attitude survey and questionnaires to investigate Kenyan pupils' attitudes towards parks and wildlife. The positive attitudes found result from their understanding of the link between these resources and their own wellbeing. The sentiments about parks and wildlife expressed by the pupils are an extraction of the…

  12. Parental grief after a child's drug death compared to other death causes: investigating a greatly neglected bereavement population.

    PubMed

    Feigelman, William; Jordan, John R; Gorman, Bernard S

    2011-01-01

    This comparative survey contrasted 571 parents who lost children to various death causes: 48 to drug-related deaths and overdoses, 462 to suicide, 24 to natural death cases, and 37 to mostly accidental death cases. Groups were compared in terms of grief difficulties, mental health problems, posttraumatic stress, and stigmatization. Results did not show any appreciable differences in these respects between the suicide bereaved parents and those losing children to drug-related deaths. However, when the suicide and drug-related death survivors were specifically contrasted against accidental and natural death loss cases, a consistent pattern emerged showing the former group was consistently more troubled by grief and mental health problems than the latter two sub-groups. These differences remained when controls of time since the loss and gender differences were employed as covariates. These findings suggest that the powerful and intense stigma against drug use and mental illness, shared among the public-at-large, imposes challenges in healing of immense proportion for these parents as they find less compassionate responses from their significant others, following their losses. PMID:22010370

  13. National Galleries of Scotland: From Death to Death and Other Small Tales

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Use art to take on the grim topics of death and bodily decay by visting this exhibition at the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art. Highlights of the website include "Ohne Titel [Untitled]," 1965, by Gunter Brus, a collage documenting what Brus called a "Self-painting." Brus covered his body with white paint, and over-painted black lines suggesting cracks. The collage juxtaposes pins, razor blades and a pen knife alongside photographs of the artist in his white paint coating. There is also an installation video for Ernesto Neto's room-size work, "It happens when the body is anatomy of time," 2000, that resembles a forest of the skeletal legs of some large imaginary animal. In addition to the National Gallery website highlights, visit the associated article in "The Independent" for a slideshow of 12 works of art by Sarah Lucas, Louise Bourgeois, Rene Magritte, Marcel Duchamp, Matthew Barney, and others.

  14. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, FY 1983. Special Report to Congress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    This report describes research programs focusing on the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and indicates some presently available results. Specific attention is given to research on sleep apnea, respiratory control, and hypoxia, as well as to infectious disease processes and immunology. Findings of a large-scale multidisciplinary SIDS project are…

  15. Probabilistic Approach to Analysis of Death Traffic Accidents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evgenia Suzdaleva; Ivan Nagy

    The paper is devoted to analysis of data related to traffic accidents at one of the roads in Czech Republic. The data sets are available as discrete-valued variables providing results of traffic accident (with death or not) as well as conditions under which the accident has happened (weather, visibility, speed etc). Situation of a traffic accident is modeled within state-space

  16. [Bereavement related to the death of a close relative. Nursing care].

    PubMed

    Giacchi Urzainqui, Alain; Legarra Zubiría, Aranzazu M

    2003-12-01

    The authors publish a consensus document designed to assist nursing professionals to recognize and work with bereavement related to the death of an intimate family member or friend, inside the conceptual framework for nursing treatment and care. This project exposes bereavement in a fashion similar to that used by "NANDA" for its distinct diagnostic categories: title, definition and distinguishing characteristics. Furthermore, the authors include an evaluation guide which may facilitate making a diagnosis between normal and dysfunctional bereavement; the authors propose objectives and activities which a nurse can perform to help to complete the bereavement process in a healthy and adaptive manner. In order to deal with these situations, a consensus document may be useful; at the same time this can become a professional development aide which includes theoretical knowledge about bereavement, adroitness in relation to helpful measures and which facilitates a conscious awareness by health professionals regarding their own personal attitudes and difficulties in the face of death and bereavement. Adequate nursing care during the first phases of this process, which helps the individual or family to mobilize all their resources, may lead to a better evolution of this process and to a recuperation of the affective loss. PMID:14969203

  17. Clinical practice guidelines. New-to-practice family physicians' attitudes.

    PubMed Central

    Ferrier, B. M.; Woodward, C. A.; Cohen, M.; Williams, A. P.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the attitudes toward clinical practice guidelines of a group of family physicians who had recently entered practice in Ontario, and to compare them with the attitudes of a group of internists from the United States. DESIGN: Mailed questionnaire survey of all members of a defined cohort. SETTING: Ontario family practices. PARTICIPANTS: Certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada who received certification in 1989, 1990, and 1991 and who were practising in Ontario. Of 564-cohort members, 395 (70%) responded. Men (184) and women (211) responded at the same rate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Levels of agreement with 10 descriptive statements about practice guidelines and analyses of variance of these responses for several physician characteristics. RESULTS: Of respondents in independent practice, 80% were in group practice. Women were more likely to have chosen group practice, in which they were more likely to use practice guidelines than men. Generally favourable attitudes toward guidelines were observed. Physician characteristics occasionally influenced agreement with the descriptors. The pattern of agreement was similar to that noted in the study of American internists, but, in general, Ontario physicians were more supportive. CONCLUSIONS: This group of relatively new-to-practice Ontario family physicians shows little resistance to guidelines and appears to read less threat of external control in them than does the US group. PMID:8616286

  18. Adolescent religiosity and attitudes to HIV and AIDS in Ghana.

    PubMed

    Amoako-Agyeman, Kofi Nyame

    2012-11-01

    This study investigated the relationships between adolescent religiosity and attitudes to HIV/AIDS based on two major techniques of analysis, factor and regression analysis towards informing preventive school education strategies. Using cross-sectional data of 448 adolescents in junior high school, the study incorporated survey in a self-administered questionnaire and sought to identify underlying factors that affect pupils' responses, delineate the pattern of relationships between variables and select models which best explain and predict relationships among variables. A seven-factor solution described the 'attitude' construct including abstinence and protection, and six for 'religiosity'. The results showed relatively high levels of religiosity and a preference for private religiosity as opposed to organisational religiosity. The regression analysis produced significant relationships between factors of attitudes to HIV/AIDS and of religiosity. Adolescent with very high private religiosity are more likely to abstain from sex but less likely to use condoms once they initiate: protection is inversely related to religiosity. The findings suggest that religious-based adolescent interventions should focus on intrinsic religiosity. Additionally, increasing HIV prevention information and incorporating culturally relevant and socially acceptable values might lend support to improved adolescent school-based HIV/AIDS prevention programmes. PMID:23234351

  19. The Attitudes of Indian Palliative-care Nurses and Physicians to Pain Control and Palliative Sedation

    PubMed Central

    Gielen, Joris; Gupta, Harmala; Rajvanshi, Ambika; Bhatnagar, Sushma; Mishra, Seema; Chaturvedi, Arvind K; den Branden, Stef Van; Broeckaert, Bert

    2011-01-01

    Aim: We wanted to assess Indian palliative-care nurses and physicians’ attitudes toward pain control and palliative sedation. Materials and Methods: From May to September 2008, we interviewed 14 physicians and 13 nurses working in different palliative-care programs in New Delhi, using a semi-structured questionnaire, and following grounded-theory methodology (Glaser and Strauss). Results: The interviewees did not consider administration of painkillers in large doses an ethical problem, provided the pain killers are properly titrated. Mild palliative sedation was considered acceptable. The interviewees disagreed whether palliative sedation can also be deep and continuous. Arguments mentioned against deep continuous palliative sedation were the conviction that it may cause unacceptable side effects, and impedes basic daily activities and social contacts. A few interviewees said that palliative sedation may hasten death. Conclusion: Due to fears and doubts regarding deep continuous palliative sedation, it may sometimes be too easily discarded as a treatment option for refractory symptoms. PMID:21633619

  20. Death rate linked to unplanned birth in poor countries.

    PubMed

    1973-11-14

    Reducing infant and child death rates in those areas of the world that operate on an agrarian subsistence economy is an important step that leads to planned smaller families, but it is only 1 of several necessary steps, according to Dr. George Mettrop, consultant to the World Health Organization (WHO). Other important contributory steps toward family planning include better education in health and nutrition and improvement in the economic status of the rural world, he said, in a study prepared for World Population Year, 1974. During the past 20 years, he reported, worldwide research has indicated that high birthrates and high maternal age are associated with high rates of disease and death for mothers and infants in all social classes. A study of 2287 families in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, for example, revealed that in families with 5 or more births, 51% of the children died, while the death rate for children in families with 3 or fewer births was 38%. In Egypt, another study indicated that "parents who lost an infant generally compensated by having more children." Dr. Mettrop was replying to a question frequently asked of WHO: by lowering death rates is not WHO partly responsible for world population growth? His answer, a strong negative, was that reduction in infant mortality and overall improvement in environment health lead couples to serious consideration of the practice of family planning. PMID:12276555

  1. Clinical approaches to the near-death experiencer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Greyson; Barbara Harris

    1987-01-01

    The literature on near-death experiences (NDEs) and their aftereffects has focused on the positive personality transformations and spiritual development that often follow an NDE, while it has neglected the emotional and interpersonal problems sometimes precipitated by the experience. We report general guidelines and specific interventions, developed at an interdisciplinary conference, to assist NDErs in coping with psychological difficulties following their

  2. Programmed Cell Death Contributes to Postnatal Lung Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johannes C. Schittny; Valentin Djonov; Alan Fine; Peter H. Burri

    1998-01-01

    The rat lung undergoes the phase of maturation of the alveolar septa and of the parenchymal microvascular network mainly during the third postnatal week. Speculating that programmed cell death may contribute to the thinning of the alveolar septa, we searched for the presence of DNA fragmentation in rat lungs between postnatal days 6 and 36 using the TUNEL procedure. The

  3. Industrial Attitudes to Petroleum Prices: Policies and Energy Efficiency

    E-print Network

    Shipley, A. M.; Langer, T.; Black, S.

    2007-01-01

    Industrial Attitudes to Petroleum Prices: Policies and Energy Efficiency Anna Monis Shipley, Therese Langer, and Sarah Black, ACEEE Anna Shipley Industrial Research Associate American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy 1001 Connecticut... Ave. NW Suite 801 Washington DC, 20036 ashipley@aceee.org phone: (202) 429-8873 x708 fax: (202) 429-2248 Bio: Anna Monis Shipley joined the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) in September of 1999 as a Research Associate...

  4. Retromer contributes to immunity-associated cell death in Arabidopsis.

    PubMed

    Munch, David; Teh, Ooi-Kock; Malinovsky, Frederikke Gro; Liu, Qinsong; Vetukuri, Ramesh R; El Kasmi, Farid; Brodersen, Peter; Hara-Nishimura, Ikuko; Dangl, Jeffery L; Petersen, Morten; Mundy, John; Hofius, Daniel

    2015-02-01

    Membrane trafficking is required during plant immune responses, but its contribution to the hypersensitive response (HR), a form of programmed cell death (PCD) associated with effector-triggered immunity, is not well understood. HR is induced by nucleotide binding-leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR) immune receptors and can involve vacuole-mediated processes, including autophagy. We previously isolated lazarus (laz) suppressors of autoimmunity-triggered PCD in the Arabidopsis thaliana mutant accelerated cell death11 (acd11) and demonstrated that the cell death phenotype is due to ectopic activation of the LAZ5 NB-LRR. We report here that laz4 is mutated in one of three VACUOLAR PROTEIN SORTING35 (VPS35) genes. We verify that LAZ4/VPS35B is part of the retromer complex, which functions in endosomal protein sorting and vacuolar trafficking. We show that VPS35B acts in an endosomal trafficking pathway and plays a role in LAZ5-dependent acd11 cell death. Furthermore, we find that VPS35 homologs contribute to certain forms of NB-LRR protein-mediated autoimmunity as well as pathogen-triggered HR. Finally, we demonstrate that retromer deficiency causes defects in late endocytic/lytic compartments and impairs autophagy-associated vacuolar processes. Our findings indicate important roles of retromer-mediated trafficking during the HR; these may include endosomal sorting of immune components and targeting of vacuolar cargo. PMID:25681156

  5. Job attitudes.

    PubMed

    Judge, Timothy A; Kammeyer-Mueller, John D

    2012-01-01

    Job attitudes research is arguably the most venerable and popular topic in organizational psychology. This article surveys the field as it has been constituted in the past several years. Definitional issues are addressed first, in an attempt to clarify the nature, scope, and structure of job attitudes. The distinction between cognitive and affective bases of job attitudes has been an issue of debate, and recent research using within-persons designs has done much to inform this discussion. Recent research has also begun to reformulate the question of dispositional or situational influences on employee attitudes by addressing how these factors might work together to influence attitudes. Finally, there has also been a continual growth in research investigating how employee attitudes are related to a variety of behaviors at both the individual and aggregated level of analysis. PMID:22129457

  6. Evidence That Thinking about Death Relates to Time-Estimation Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martens, Andy; Schmeichel, Brandon J.

    2011-01-01

    Time and death are linked--the passing of time brings us closer to death. Terror management theory proposes that awareness of death represents a potent problem that motivates a variety of psychological defenses (Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1997). We tested the hypothesis that thinking about death motivates elongated perceptions of brief…

  7. Development of a Questionnaire to Measure Secondary School Pupils' Attitudes to Computers and Robots.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, J. L.

    1985-01-01

    The development, testing, and characteristics of an instrument--Computers and Robots Attitude Questionnaire--that can be used to measure the attitudes of secondary students towards computers and robots are described. Individual questionnaire items are largely content-free and may be answered by students with no specialist knowledge of…

  8. Year 8 Attitudes to Language Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hajdu, Judy

    2005-01-01

    Carr (2002), in her investigation of boys' alienation from languages and language learning, addressed the question of an "appropriate curriculum" for boys and boys' understanding of masculinity. Boys reported in that research that they preferred physical activities so found the written text orientation of language learning to be "hard" and…

  9. Behavior Clinics: A Method to Change Attitudes?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, B. Geraldine

    Behavior Clinics are now being used in an urban-rural area of five secondary schools as substitutes for suspension. Various infractions of school rules which can lead to placement in the behavior clinic are: truancy, fighting, use of obscene language, smoking, disrespectfulness, and/or suspension. During the 1975-76 school year, a random sample of…

  10. Cot Deaths.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyrrell, Shelagh

    1985-01-01

    Addresses the tragedy of crib deaths, giving particular attention to causes, prevention, and medical research on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Gives anecdotal accounts of coping strategies used by parents and families of SIDS infants. (DT)

  11. Neonatal Death

    MedlinePLUS

    ... page It's been added to your dashboard . Neonatal death When a baby dies in the first 28 ... What are the most common causes of neonatal death? Premature birth (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) is ...

  12. Antibodies to endotoxin core in sudden infant death syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B A Oppenheim; G R Barclay; J Morris; F Knox; A Barson; D B Drucker; B A Crawley

    1994-01-01

    To assess the possible role of endotoxaemia in the pathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), antibodies to endotoxin core (EndoCAb), which have previously been shown to be depressed by systemic endotoxaemia, were measured. IgG and IgM EndoCAb and total serum IgG and IgM were measured in serum samples from 25 children who had died from SIDS and 164 control

  13. Deaths of cyclists in london: trends from 1992 to 2006

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Cycling is an increasingly important mode of transport for environmental and health reasons. Cycling fatalities in London were previously investigated in 1994 using routinely collected data. Since then, there have been shifts in the modes of transport used, and in transport policies. We sought to replicate the previous work using data on cyclist deaths in London between 1992 and 2006, specifically investigating whether heavy goods vehicles continued to pose a threat. Methods Observational study based on analysis of time series of police road casualties data, 1992 to 2006, in London, UK. The main outcome measures were cyclists killed in road traffic collisions. Poisson regression and chi-squared test for homogeneity were used to assess time effects. Travel flow data was then used to estimate annual fatality rates per 100,000 cyclists per kilometre. Results From 1992 to 2006 there was a mean of 16 cycling fatalities per year (range 8-21). 146 deaths (60%) were in inner London and 96 in outer London. There was no evidence for a decline over time (p = 0.7) other than a pronounced dip in 2004 when there were 8 fatalities. Freight vehicles were involved in 103 of 242 (43%) of all incidents and the vehicle was making a left turn in over half of these (53%). The fatality rate ranged from 20.5 deaths in 1992 to 11.1 deaths in 2006 per 100,000 estimated cyclists per kilometre (rate ratio 0.54, 95% confidence interval 0.28 to 1.03). Conclusions There is little evidence fatality rates have fallen. Freight vehicles over 3.5 tonnes continue to present a disproportionate threat; they should be removed from urban roads and more appropriate means of delivery of essential goods found. PMID:21078190

  14. Death Investigation Certificate

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Death Investigation Certificate What is Death Investigation? Medico-legal death investigation in death investigation in different ways. The study of death investigation trains students to identify and assemble a set of investigative tasks that are performed at every death scene. Modern medico- legal death

  15. Using GPS to determine vehicle attitude - USS Yorktown test results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kruczynski, Leonard R.; Li, Pui C.; Evans, Alan G.; Hermann, Bruce R.

    Prototype GPS orientation equipment was tested aboard the USS Yorktown, a U.S. Navy guided missile cruiser, to demonstrate that GPS could be used to determine orientation on a moving vessel. Initialization, integer maintenance, and accuracy in a real-time dynamic environment were addressed. The tests confirmed GPS-based real-time orientation determination, provided real-world data to exercise enhanced orientation algorithms, and identified equipment improvements that will make GPS a viable source of vehicle attitude in addition to GPS's superior positioning capabilities.

  16. Attitude Strength: An Extra-Content Aspect of Attitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alwitt, Linda F.

    Attitude strength is considered as an extra-content aspect of attitude. A model of the relationship of attitude strength to attitude direction and behavior proposes that attitude strength is comprised of three dimensions that moderate the relationship between attitude direction and behavior. The dimensions are parallel to the tripartite dimensions…

  17. Attitudes to reporting medication error among differing healthcare professionals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ajit Sarvadikar; Gordon Prescott; David Williams

    2010-01-01

    Aims  Medication error reporting is an important measure to prevent medication error incidents in a healthcare system and can serve\\u000a as an important tool for improving patient safety. This study aimed to investigate attitudes of healthcare professionals (doctors,\\u000a nurses, and pharmacists) in reporting medication errors.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Fifty-six healthcare professionals working at a 900-bed tertiary referral hospital were surveyed. A questionnaire using two

  18. Tracking mothers' attitudes to MMR immunisation 1996-2006.

    PubMed

    Smith, Alan; Yarwood, Joanne; Salisbury, David M

    2007-05-16

    This paper presents the findings of surveys that have tracked mothers' attitudes towards MMR over the period 1996-2006. The main aim was to demonstrate how attitudes in relation to MMR have evolved over the last 10 years incorporating the periods of time before, during and after the height of the MMR controversy within the UK. MMR vaccine remains the number one 'top of mind' vaccination issue for parents. The proportion of parents believing MMR to be a greater risk than the diseases it protects against has fallen from 24% in 2002 to 14% in 2006. The proportion of 'hard-core rejectors' of MMR vaccine remains stable at 6%. There has been a gradual and sustained increase in the proportion of parents across all social groups saying MMR was completely safe/slight risk rising from 60% in 2002 to a current level of 74%. There now appears to be a sustained move away from fears over MMR safety and belief in the unfounded link to autism towards a more positive perception of the vaccine. PMID:17395344

  19. System for star catalog equalization to enhance attitude determination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Yong (Inventor); Wu, Yeong-Wei Andy (Inventor); Li, Rongsheng (Inventor)

    2001-01-01

    An apparatus for star catalog equalization to enhance attitude determination includes a star tracker, a star catalog and a controller. The star tracker is used to sense the positions of stars and generate signals corresponding to the positions of the stars as seen in its field of view. The star catalog contains star location data that is stored using a primary and multiple secondary arrays sorted by both declination (DEC) and right ascension (RA), respectively. The star location data stored in the star catalog is predetermined by calculating a plurality of desired star locations, associating one of a plurality of stars with each of the plurality of desired star locations based upon a neighborhood association angle to generate an associated plurality of star locations: If an artificial star gap occurs during association, then the neighborhood association angle for reassociation is increased. The controller uses the star catalog to determine which stars to select to provide star measurement residuals for correcting gyroscope bias and spacecraft attitude.

  20. Multiple ER Visits Linked to Risk of Prescription-Drug Overdose Death

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Visits Linked to Risk of Prescription-Drug Overdose Death Researcher sees 'important window' of opportunity for intervention ... emergency departments appear to be a predictor of death from a prescription drug overdose, a new study ...

  1. Examining Teachers' Concerns and Attitudes to Inclusive Education in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agbenyega, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on a study that examined teachers' concerns and attitude toward inclusive education of students with disabilities in Ghana. A 20 item Attitudes Toward Inclusion in Africa Scale (ATIAS) was completed by 100 teachers from five "Inclusive Project" schools and five Non-Project coeducational basic schools in three different…

  2. Application of GPS attitude determination to gravity gradient stabilized spacecraft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. G. Lightsey; Clark E. Cohen; Bradford W. Parkinson

    1993-01-01

    Recent advances in the Global Positioning System (GPS) technology have initiated a new era in aerospace navigation and control. GPS receivers have become increasingly compact and affordable, and new developments have made attitude determination using subcentimeter positioning among two or more antennas feasible for real-time applications. GPS-based attitude control systems will become highly portable packages which provide time, navigation, and

  3. What Do You Say When Asked about Education about Death and Dying.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slump, Elizabeth

    1997-01-01

    Family and consumer sciences educators should integrate death and dying content to help adolescents deal with these issues. They should assess their own knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, values, and communication skills for dealing with this subject matter. (SK)

  4. Higher Alcohol Taxes May Lead to Fewer Drunk-Driving Deaths

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Alcohol Taxes May Lead to Fewer Drunk-Driving Deaths: Study Researchers believe thousands of fatalities could be ... with a decrease in alcohol-related car crash deaths, a new study finds. "Similar alcohol tax increases ...

  5. Sudden death due to a cystic lesion in the cerebellum.

    PubMed

    Igari, Yui; Hosoya, Tadashi; Hayashizaki, Yoshie; Usui, Akihito; Kawasumi, Yusuke; Usui, Kiyotaka; Funayama, Masato

    2014-10-14

    A middle-aged female patient with a depressive disorder presented to a mental hospital because of a 2-month worsening history of headache, dizziness, and nausea. The next morning, she was observed to be sleeping, but was then found dead 1h later. Postmortem computed tomography and autopsy revealed a large cyst in the right cerebellar hemisphere, hydrocephalus, and transforaminal herniation. Careful observation revealed an approximately 0.4cm×0.8cm slightly grayish discoloration in the cyst wall that was diagnosed as hemangioblastoma based on its histological features. Finally, we concluded that the cause of death in this case was attributable to the brain stem compression, which was caused by obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to the cystic hemangioblastoma in the cerebellum. The symptoms for 2 months before her death had most likely resulted from increased intracranial pressure. Hemangioblastomas usually appear as nodules in the wall of the cyst, but the tumor in our case looked like just a slightly grayish discoloration. Therefore, cystic lesions in the CNS need to be carefully examined. PMID:25459277

  6. 20 CFR 10.910 - What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the covered employee but before receiving his or her portion of the death gratuity? 10.910 Section 10.910 Employees'...

  7. 20 CFR 10.910 - What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the covered employee but before receiving his or her portion of the death gratuity? 10.910 Section 10.910 Employees'...

  8. 20 CFR 10.910 - What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the covered employee but before receiving his or her portion of the death gratuity? 10.910 Section 10.910 Employees'...

  9. 20 CFR 10.910 - What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the covered employee but before receiving his or her portion of the death gratuity? 10.910 Section 10.910 Employees'...

  10. 20 CFR 10.910 - What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 true What if a person entitled to a portion of the death gratuity payment dies after the death of the covered employee but before receiving his or her portion of the death gratuity? 10.910 Section 10.910 Employees'...

  11. Sudden oak death survey findings to be presented in Santa Rosa By GUY KOVNER

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Sudden oak death survey findings to be presented in Santa Rosa By GUY KOVNER THE PRESS DEMOCRAT of sudden oak death infection in Sonoma County and around the Bay Area at a public meeting Friday night to protect their trees from the sudden oak death pathogen in two meetings, also free and open to the public

  12. 20 CFR 718.306 - Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. 718.306 Section 718.306...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Presumptions Applicable...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. (a) In the case of...

  13. 20 CFR 718.306 - Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. 718.306 Section 718.306...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Presumptions Applicable...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. (a) In the case of...

  14. 20 CFR 718.306 - Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. 718.306 Section 718.306...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Presumptions Applicable...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. (a) In the case of...

  15. 20 CFR 718.306 - Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. 718.306 Section 718.306...DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH DUE TO PNEUMOCONIOSIS Presumptions Applicable...Presumption of entitlement applicable to certain death claims. (a) In the case of...

  16. Parents' attitudes to adolescent sexual behaviour in Lesotho.

    PubMed

    Mturi, Akim J

    2003-08-01

    This study investigated the knowledge, attitudes and opinions of parents on various aspects of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health in Lesotho. The study used a qualitative methodology. Findings reveal that parents are aware that male and female adolescents engage in sexual relationships. Some parents believe that adolescents are too young to initiate sexual activities while others said they don't mind older unmarried adolescents having sex. In addition, parents felt that adolescents do not face discrimination in obtaining family planning services. In relation to passing sexual and reproductive health knowledge to adolescents, there seems to be a dilemma on who should take the responsibility. A number of policy implications have emerged from this study. There should be awareness campaign for parents who are not aware that adolescents engage in sexual relationships. Parents should be encouraged to communicate with their adolescent children on sex-related matters. Government should carry on with the dialogue on introducing sex education in schools curriculum. PMID:14677297

  17. Host Responses to Group A Streptococcus: Cell Death and Inflammation

    PubMed Central

    Tsatsaronis, James A.; Walker, Mark J.; Sanderson-Smith, Martina L.

    2014-01-01

    Infections caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS) are characterized by robust inflammatory responses and can rapidly lead to life-threatening disease manifestations. However, host mechanisms that respond to GAS, which may influence disease pathology, are understudied. Recent works indicate that GAS infection is recognized by multiple extracellular and intracellular receptors and activates cell signalling via discrete pathways. Host leukocyte receptor binding to GAS-derived products mediates release of inflammatory mediators associated with severe GAS disease. GAS induces divergent phagocyte programmed cell death responses and has inflammatory implications. Epithelial cell apoptotic and autophagic components are mobilized by GAS infection, but can be subverted to ensure bacterial survival. Examination of host interactions with GAS and consequences of GAS infection in the context of cellular receptors responsible for GAS recognition, inflammatory mediator responses, and cell death mechanisms, highlights potential avenues for diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. Understanding the molecular and cellular basis of host symptoms during severe GAS disease will assist the development of improved treatment regimens for this formidable pathogen. PMID:25165887

  18. The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire: Mokken Scaling Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Shenkin, Susan D.; Watson, Roger; Laidlaw, Ken; Starr, John M.; Deary, Ian J.

    2014-01-01

    Background Hierarchical scales are useful in understanding the structure of underlying latent traits in many questionnaires. The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) explored the attitudes to ageing of older people themselves, and originally described three distinct subscales: (1) Psychosocial Loss (2) Physical Change and (3) Psychological Growth. This study aimed to use Mokken analysis, a method of Item Response Theory, to test for hierarchies within the AAQ and to explore how these relate to underlying latent traits. Methods Participants in a longitudinal cohort study, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936, completed a cross-sectional postal survey. Data from 802 participants were analysed using Mokken Scaling analysis. These results were compared with factor analysis using exploratory structural equation modelling. Results Participants were 51.6% male, mean age 74.0 years (SD 0.28). Three scales were identified from 18 of the 24 items: two weak Mokken scales and one moderate Mokken scale. (1) ‘Vitality’ contained a combination of items from all three previously determined factors of the AAQ, with a hierarchy from physical to psychosocial; (2) ‘Legacy’ contained items exclusively from the Psychological Growth scale, with a hierarchy from individual contributions to passing things on; (3) ‘Exclusion’ contained items from the Psychosocial Loss scale, with a hierarchy from general to specific instances. All of the scales were reliable and statistically significant with ‘Legacy’ showing invariant item ordering. The scales correlate as expected with personality, anxiety and depression. Exploratory SEM mostly confirmed the original factor structure. Conclusions The concurrent use of factor analysis and Mokken scaling provides additional information about the AAQ. The previously-described factor structure is mostly confirmed. Mokken scaling identifies a new factor relating to vitality, and a hierarchy of responses within three separate scales, referring to vitality, legacy and exclusion. This shows what older people themselves consider important regarding their own ageing. PMID:24892302

  19. Developing a Scale to Measure Season Ticket Holder Attitudes Towards the Professional Sports Club Offering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adam Karg; Heath McDonald; Andrea Vocino

    Given the importance of season ticket holders (STH) to sporting organisations, we empirically examine a scale for measuring their attitudes to the season ticket product. This involved identifying through qualitative research and past literature, the various elements that are perceived to comprise the season ticket package and developing items to measure STH attitudes to them. The season ticket package was

  20. The Attitudes of High School Biology Teachers to the BSCS Program in Israel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tamir, Pinchas

    Reported is a study to determine the attitudes of Israeli high school biology teachers to the Israeli adaptation of the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) curriculum. Blankenship's Attitude Inventory, designed to determine teachers' reactions to BSCS materials, was translated into Hebrew. Copies were mailed to 200 high schools in Israel.…

  1. Perinatal death figures prompt call to end postcode lottery of care.

    PubMed

    2015-07-01

    FIGURES SHOWING wide variations in the rates of baby deaths across the UK have resulted in a call to end to the 'postcode lottery of care'. Each day, there are 15 neonatal deaths and, in 2013, more than 5,700 families faced the death of their baby at or around the time of birth. PMID:26156597

  2. TICAL BIOSCIENCES A birth-and-death procms population model is formulated to include positive and

    E-print Network

    Getz, Wayne M.

    of the mean and variance are derived for constant birth and death parameters, and the values of the control. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the control of a birth-and-death process by introducing two parametersTICAL BIOSCIENCES ABSTRACT A birth-and-death procms population model is formulated to include

  3. 5 CFR 1651.13 - How to apply for a death benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false How to apply for a death benefit. 1651.13 Section 1651.13...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD DEATH BENEFITS § 1651.13 How to apply for a death benefit. The TSP has created a paper...

  4. 5 CFR 1651.13 - How to apply for a death benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false How to apply for a death benefit. 1651.13 Section 1651.13...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD DEATH BENEFITS § 1651.13 How to apply for a death benefit. The TSP has created a paper...

  5. 5 CFR 1651.13 - How to apply for a death benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false How to apply for a death benefit. 1651.13 Section 1651.13...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD DEATH BENEFITS § 1651.13 How to apply for a death benefit. The TSP has created a paper...

  6. 5 CFR 1651.13 - How to apply for a death benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false How to apply for a death benefit. 1651.13 Section 1651.13...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD DEATH BENEFITS § 1651.13 How to apply for a death benefit. The TSP has created a paper...

  7. 5 CFR 1651.13 - How to apply for a death benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false How to apply for a death benefit. 1651.13 Section 1651.13...FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD DEATH BENEFITS § 1651.13 How to apply for a death benefit. The TSP has created a paper...

  8. Unexpected death related to restraint for excited delirium: a retrospective study of deaths in police custody and in the community

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael S. Pollanen; David A. Chiasson; James T. Cairns; James G. Young

    Background: Some people in states of excited delirium die while in police custody. Emerging evidence suggests that physical restraint in certain positions may con- tribute to such deaths. In this study the authors determined the frequency of physical restraint among people in a state of excited delirium who died unex- pectedly. Methods: The authors reviewed the records of 21 cases

  9. Awareness, attitudes, and practices related to the swine influenza pandemic among the Saudi public

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanan H Balkhy; Mostafa A Abolfotouh; Rawabi H Al-Hathlool; Mohammad A Al-Jumah

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: During an infectious disease outbreak, it is critical to learn as much as possible about the concerns, knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of the public. Such information can be crucial to the improvement of communication efforts by public health officials and clinicians. The aim of this study was to identify awareness, attitudes, and practices related to influenza A (H1N1) among

  10. Children's Attitudes toward Singing and Song Recordings Related to Gender, Ethnicity, and Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siebenaler, Dennis

    2008-01-01

    This study examines students' attitudes toward singing and choir participation related to gender, age, and ethnic background. It also looks at attitudes toward recordings from basal music series that are designed to provide an appropriate model and to encourage singing. Participants (N = 249) were third to fifth graders enrolled in two public…

  11. Learning to Love Math: Teaching Strategies that Change Student Attitudes and Get Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Judy

    2010-01-01

    Has it ever seemed to you that some students are hardwired to dislike math? If so, then here's a book that explains how negative attitudes toward math get established in the brain and what you can do to turn those attitudes around. Math teacher and neurologist Judy Willis gives you over 50 strategies you can use right away in any grade level to:…

  12. [The closeness to medical profession and the attitude towards euthanasia].

    PubMed

    Ritter, Kristina; Etzersdorfer, Elmar; Stompe, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Periodically debates on the legalization of active euthanasia are conducted in the Austrian media. In contrast to most European and North American countries, these debates are not based on local empirical data, because until now no studies on respective attitudes and values exist. In this study notion towards active euthanasia of (1) medical lays, (2) medical students and medical specialists in psychiatry, surgery and internal medicine are explored by means of a semistructured questionnaire. We found that increasing closeness to the medical profession is associated with an increasing refusal of active euthanasia. Among the medical specialists, specialists in internal medicine, who, after the legalization, would be most involved in decision-making processes as well as in the execution of active euthanasia, showed the greatest reservation concerning this question. PMID:19703382

  13. Rotenone Inhibits Autophagic Flux Prior to Inducing Cell Death

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Rotenone, which selectively inhibits mitochondrial complex I, induces oxidative stress, ?-synuclein accumulation, and dopaminergic neuron death, principal pathological features of Parkinson's disease. The autophagy–lysosome pathway degrades damaged proteins and organelles for the intracellular maintenance of nutrient and energy balance. While it is known that rotenone causes autophagic vacuole accumulation, the mechanism by which this effect occurs has not been thoroughly investigated. Treatment of differentiated SH-SY5Y cells with rotenone (10 ?M) induced the accumulation of autophagic vacuoles at 6 h and 24 h as indicated by Western blot analysis for microtubule associated protein-light chain 3-II (MAP-LC3-II). Assessment of autophagic flux at these time points indicated that autophagic vacuole accumulation resulted from a decrease in their effective lysosomal degradation, which was substantiated by increased levels of autophagy substrates p62 and ?-synuclein. Inhibition of lysosomal degradation may be explained by the observed decrease in cellular ATP levels, which in turn may have caused the observed concomitant increase in acidic vesicle pH. The early (6 h) effects of rotenone on cellular energetics and autophagy–lysosome pathway function preceded the induction of cell death and apoptosis. These findings indicate that the classical mitochondrial toxin rotenone has a pronounced effect on macroautophagy completion that may contribute to its neurotoxic potential. PMID:23259041

  14. Rotenone inhibits autophagic flux prior to inducing cell death.

    PubMed

    Mader, Burton J; Pivtoraiko, Violetta N; Flippo, Hilary M; Klocke, Barbara J; Roth, Kevin A; Mangieri, Leandra R; Shacka, John J

    2012-12-19

    Rotenone, which selectively inhibits mitochondrial complex I, induces oxidative stress, ?-synuclein accumulation, and dopaminergic neuron death, principal pathological features of Parkinson's disease. The autophagy-lysosome pathway degrades damaged proteins and organelles for the intracellular maintenance of nutrient and energy balance. While it is known that rotenone causes autophagic vacuole accumulation, the mechanism by which this effect occurs has not been thoroughly investigated. Treatment of differentiated SH-SY5Y cells with rotenone (10 ?M) induced the accumulation of autophagic vacuoles at 6 h and 24 h as indicated by Western blot analysis for microtubule associated protein-light chain 3-II (MAP-LC3-II). Assessment of autophagic flux at these time points indicated that autophagic vacuole accumulation resulted from a decrease in their effective lysosomal degradation, which was substantiated by increased levels of autophagy substrates p62 and ?-synuclein. Inhibition of lysosomal degradation may be explained by the observed decrease in cellular ATP levels, which in turn may have caused the observed concomitant increase in acidic vesicle pH. The early (6 h) effects of rotenone on cellular energetics and autophagy-lysosome pathway function preceded the induction of cell death and apoptosis. These findings indicate that the classical mitochondrial toxin rotenone has a pronounced effect on macroautophagy completion that may contribute to its neurotoxic potential. PMID:23259041

  15. Relieving children's pain: Nurses' knowledge and attitudes, abilities to overcome barriers, and analgesic administration practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine Van Hulle Vincent

    1999-01-01

    Among the reasons cited for undermedication of children's pain is inadequate knowledge and problematic attitudes about pain management in nurses. A primary purpose of this study was to examine relationships among nurses' knowledge and attitudes about children's pain relief, nurses' abilities to overcome barriers to optimal pain management, nurses' actions, and pain intensity of hospitalized children. This research was guided

  16. Social-physhological analysis of the public attitude to radiation and other factors of risk

    SciTech Connect

    Gushcin, V.A.; Pakhomova, N.V.; Sappa, N.N. [Kharkov Institute of Physics & Technology, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1993-12-31

    The aim of the present study has been to clarify the attitudes of different groups of respondents to the choice between risk and use brought out by radiation medicine, nuclear power plants, and also against this background, the attitude to other most prominant factors caused by civilazations.The object of our studies was Kharkov.The opinions of 152 people were studied.

  17. Attitudes to teamwork, leadership, and stress in oil industry drilling teams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Crichton

    2005-01-01

    Attitude questionnaires have been used in settings such as aviation and medicine to measure the human and organisational factors that impact on team performance and safety. This study set out to measure attitudes to teamwork, leadership, and stress in oil industry drilling teams (n=91), across roles categorised as Decision makers, Evaluators, and Implementers. The offshore oil drilling environment comprises a

  18. Beyond job satisfaction: A five-year prospective analysis of the dispositional approach to work attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathan A. Bowling; Terry A. Beehr; Lawrence R. Lepisto

    2006-01-01

    Mounting evidence indicates a dispositional component to global job satisfaction. Unfortunately, however, relatively little attention has been given to the potential effects of dispositions on work-related attitudes other than global job satisfaction. We used a five-year prospective design to investigate the relationships of affective disposition with a set of attitudes oriented toward different aspects of work: the job, the organization,

  19. Relationship between Recent Life Events, Social Supports, and Attitudes to Domestic Violence: Predictive Roles in Behaviors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guoping, Huang; Yalin, Zhang; Yuping, Cao; Momartin, Shakeh; Ming, Wei

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to assess the relationship between recent life events, attitudes to domestic violence (DV), and DV behaviors among perpetrators of DV in China. A total of 600 participants were assessed for recent life events, psychological functioning, social support, and attitudes to DV. Results demonstrated that recent negative life…

  20. An Analysis of the Relationship between Residents' Proximity to Water and Attitudes about Resource Protection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kelli L. Larson; Mary V. Santelmann

    2007-01-01

    This article investigates attitudes toward water resource protection among residents in varying proximities to resources, specifically to identify attitudinal differences and the extent to which nearness and adjacency explain attitudes. Proximity was evaluated by measured distances using GIS and reported closeness from a mail survey. Five attitudinal dimensions were assessed: general importance of resource protection, support for government, regulations, and

  1. Weighted sums of orthogonal polynomials related to birth-death processes with killing

    E-print Network

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Weighted sums of orthogonal polynomials related to birth-death processes with killing Erik A. van polynomials arising in the analysis of birth-death processes with killing. Motivated by problems: birth-death process with killing, orthogonal polynomials, quasi- stationary distribution 2000

  2. Teaching Child Care Providers to Reduce the Risk of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byington, Teresa; Martin, Sally; Reilly, Jackie; Weigel, Dan

    2011-01-01

    Keeping children safe and healthy is one of the main concerns of parents and child care providers. SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) is the leading cause of death in infants 1 month to 12 months of age. Over 2,000 infants die from SIDS every year in the United States, and almost 15% of these deaths occur in child care settings. A targeted…

  3. I Have to Go on: The Effect of a Mother's Death on Her Daughter's Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ratti, Theresa Helen McLuskey

    2011-01-01

    Parents die during the lives of their children. If the child is an adolescent, that death will impact the student's education immediately or in subsequent years. Findings show the death of a mother does impact the daughter's education. It is imperative educators are willing to work with the student at the time the death occurs as well as in the…

  4. Young, Black, and Sentenced To Die: Black Males and the Death Penalty.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Janice

    1996-01-01

    Explores the death penalty as imposed on young black males in the United States and examines the disparity in death penalty rates for homicides with black offenders and white victims. States continue to impose the death penalty rather than viewing youth violence as a failure of the social system. (SLD)

  5. Attitudes and Perceptions of Elementary Mathematics Possessed by Third and Sixth Grade Teachers as Related to Student Attitude and Achievement in Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van de Walle, John A.

    The purpose was to define and determine the influence which different perceptions of mathematics held by elementary teachers may have on student computational ability, comprehension of mathematical concepts, and attitudes, at grade levels three and six. The perception factor was contrasted in the design with teacher attitude toward mathematics.…

  6. Evaluation of an intervention to change attitudes toward date rape.

    PubMed

    Lanier, C A; Elliott, M N; Martin, D W; Kapadia, A

    1998-01-01

    The prevalence of date rape among college students is a major concern. Although much research has been done on risk factors for date rape, few researchers have specifically described interventions for the various stages of developing a date-rape prevention program. Previous programs have often relied on educational videos that feature a "typical" date-rape scenario, a format that some researchers suggest may have a negative effect on the way people engage in aggressive sexual behavior. A less violent theatrical production based on social learning theory and risk-factor reduction that resulted in a significant improvement in attitudes related to date rape among both male and female students at an elite Texas university is described. PMID:9519580

  7. Maslow's Need Hierarchy Related to Educational Attitudes and Self-Concepts of Elementary Student Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noad, Brian

    1979-01-01

    The Work Motivation Inventory, Minnesota Teacher Attitude Inventory, and Adjective Self Description Instrument were administered to 128 University of Houston student teachers. Results indicated that educational attitudes and self-concept, operating jointly, significantly contributed to the variance in Maslow's scales of basic, safety, and…

  8. "This Is a Public Service Announcement": Evaluating and Redesigning Campaigns to Teach Attitudes and Persuasion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, Erika J.; Lomore, Christine D.

    2009-01-01

    We present an assignment that requires students to apply their knowledge of the social psychology of attitudes and persuasion to critique and redesign a public service announcement. Students in a 200-level social psychology course evaluated the assignment by indicating their overall attitudes toward the assignment. Students rated the assignment…

  9. Attitudes of Primary Initial Teacher Training Students to Special Educational Needs and Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintz, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    In this article Joseph Mintz explores the importance of developing positive attitudes to SEN and Inclusion among primary teacher trainees. The research reported indicates that student attitudes towards SEN/Inclusion were generally positive, but that such views are fluid and subject to change during a course of training. The article reinforces the…

  10. Relationship between Familiarity, Attitudes and Preferences: Assisted Living Facilities as Compared to Nursing Homes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imamoglu, Cagri; Imamoglu, E. Olcay

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, the authors aim to (a) explore attitudes toward and preferences for living in the newly emerging place type of assisted living facilities in comparison to nursing homes, and (b) assess the possible impact of familiarity on those attitudes and preferences. Ninety-eight respondents (with a mean age of 62) were surveyed. Respondents…

  11. Social Attitudes Toward Science of Freshmen at Hinds Junior College Relative to Their Understanding of Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Troy Lee

    Reported is a study to: (1) measure the initial social attitudes of college freshmen toward science in comparison to their understanding of science, and (2) evaluate changes in the freshmen attitudes which may occur during the students' first academic year in a science course. The 413 students in this study were enrolled in one of the following…

  12. Parental Discipline and Control Attempts in Relation to Adolescent Sexual Attitudes and Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Brent C.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Assessed how reports of parental discipline and control were related to adolescent sexual attitudes and behavior. Adolescents' perceptions of parental strictness and rules show a curvilinear relationship to their sexual attitudes and behavior; sexual permissiveness and intercourse experience was highest among adolescents who viewed their parents…

  13. Development an Instrument to Measure University Students' Attitude towards E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehra, Vandana; Omidian, Faranak

    2012-01-01

    The study of student's attitude towards e-learning can in many ways help managers better prepare in light of e-learning for the future. This article describes the process of the development of an instrument to measure university students' attitude towards e-learning. The scale was administered to 200 University students from two countries (India…

  14. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Knowledge, Use, and Attitudes of Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Dean

    2007-01-01

    To assess their knowledge, use, and attitudes regarding peer-to-peer (P2P) applications, this study surveyed academic librarians (n = 162) via a mail-in survey. Correlations between the sample characteristics (age, gender, year of MLS, type of library job) and P2P knowledge, use, and attitudes were also explored. Overall, academic librarians…

  15. The Implicit Prejudiced Attitudes of Teachers: Relations to Teacher Expectations and the Ethnic Achievement Gap

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van den Bergh, Linda; Denessen, Eddie; Hornstra, Lisette; Voeten, Marinus; Holland, Rob W.

    2010-01-01

    Ethnic minority students are at risk for school failure and show a heightened susceptibility to negative teacher expectancy effects. In the present study, whether the prejudiced attitudes of teachers relate to their expectations and the academic achievement of their students is examined. The prejudiced attitudes of 41 elementary school teachers…

  16. Attitude to Medication of Parents/Primary Carers of People With Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasaratnam, R.; Crouch, K.; Regan, A.

    2004-01-01

    To investigate the influence of attitudes of carers of people with intellectual disability (ID) towards giving medication. Ninety-three carers of service users who are currently attending outpatients clinic (Harrow Learning Disability service) were interviewed, using the RAMS (Rating of Attitude to Medication Scale) interview schedule. A…

  17. The Association between Adolescents' Beliefs in a Just World and Their Attitudes to Victims of Bullying

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Claire L.; Elder, Tracey; Gater, Josephine; Johnson, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Background: Research which has investigated children's attitudes to bullying has found that the majority of children display anti-bullying attitudes. However, a small minority of children do appear to admire the bully and lack sympathy for victims of bullying. The just world belief theory has received a great deal of attention in recent years with…

  18. Application of Kalman filtering to gyroless attitude determination and control system for environmental satellites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. S. Grewal; M. Shiva

    1995-01-01

    A highly accurate, gyroless, attitude determination and control system for advanced environmental satellites is developed and validated by analysis and simulation. The features of this approach include an algorithm to determine satellite rates directly from the apparent motion of the stars on the focal plane and an extended square root Kalman filter algorithm to estimate attitude. This system is appropriate

  19. Staff Attitudes towards Sexuality in Relation to Gender of People with Intellectual Disability: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Rhea; Gore, Nick; McCarthy, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Background: Research has found staff attitudes regarding the sexuality of people with intellectual disability (ID) to be negative but influenced by several factors. The current study aimed to examine whether gender of people with ID affects such attitudes. Method: Semistructured interviews were completed with 10 staff members and analysed using…

  20. Fearless Improvisation: A Pilot Study to Analyze String Students' Confidence, Anxiety, and Attitude toward Learning Improvisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Michael L.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the confidence, anxiety, and attitude of novice string student improvisers. A form of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales, as modified for improvisation by Wehr-Flowers, was given to middle school and high school string students (N = 121) after their participation in a 4-month improvisation…

  1. Safe using messages may not be enough to promote behaviour change amongst injecting drug users who are ambivalent or indifferent towards death

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Peter G

    2009-01-01

    Background Health promotion strategies ultimately rely on people perceiving the consequences of their behaviour as negative. If someone is indifferent towards death, it would logically follow that health promotion messages such as safe using messages would have little resonance. This study aimed to investigate attitudes towards death in a group of injecting drug users (IDUs) and how such attitudes may impact upon the efficacy/relevance of 'safe using' (health promotion) messages. Methods Qualitative, semi-structured interviews in Geelong, Australia with 60 regular heroin users recruited primarily from needle and syringe programs. Results Over half of the interviewees reported having previously overdosed and 35% reported not engaging in any overdose prevention practices. 13% had never been tested for either HIV or hepatitis C. Just under half reported needle sharing of some description and almost all (97%) reported previously sharing other injecting equipment. Many interviewees reported being indifferent towards death. Common themes included; indifference towards life, death as an occupational hazard of drug use and death as a welcome relief. Conclusion Most of the interviewees in this study were indifferent towards heroin-related death. Whilst interviewees were well aware of the possible consequences of their actions, these consequences were not seen as important as achieving their desired state of mind. Safe using messages are an important part of reducing drug-related harm, but people working with IDUs must consider the context in which risk behaviours occur and efforts to reduce said behaviours must include attempts to reduce environmental risk factors at the same time. PMID:19630988

  2. Attraction and repulsion by life and death in suicidal and in normal children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isr Orbach

    1983-01-01

    Attraction and repulsion by life and death in 52 suicidal and 58 normal 6–12 yr olds were measured through responses to questions that followed fairy-tale stories. Each story represented 1 of the 4 attitudes. Parallel forms of the test were administered in a time interval of 4 wks. Analyses showed that the 4 attitudes were distinguishable from each other and

  3. Attitude sensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Newcomb, A. L., Jr.; Price, A. G. (inventors)

    1973-01-01

    A device for controlling the attitude of a spacecraft is described. The device consists of two light sensors on a spacecraft that are mounted beneath a baffle which divides the light from a light source such as the sun or a star. The divided light reflects off of two reflective surfaces onto the two light sensors. When the spacecraft assumes its normal attitude, the baffle divides the light source into two equal parts, causing the two light sensors to produce equal outputs. When the light is equally detected, the stabilizing system is disconnected. Deviations from the normal attitude cause unequal distribution of the light source and energize the stabilizing system.

  4. Applying the motorcyclist's perspective to improve car drivers' attitudes towards motorcyclists.

    PubMed

    Shahar, Amit; Clarke, David; Crundall, David

    2011-09-01

    This study sought to provide a first crucial step in the direction of developing an intervention program aimed at improving safe attitudes and skills among car drivers towards motorcycles. We intended to improve drivers' attitudes towards motorcyclists by exposing them to demands that motorcyclists face on the road. Car drivers were exposed to hazard perception clips taken from a motorcyclist's perspective, and interactive hazards in a motorcycle simulator. Car hazard perception clips and a car simulator were used as control conditions. A questionnaire assessed participant knowledge and attitudes towards motorcyclists before and after the intervention. After the intervention participants had more empathic- and fewer negative-attitudes, as well as safer attitudes towards motorcyclists. Self-reported attitude-change suggested that the use of motorcycle hazard perception clips was more effective than the simulator, and the intervention was most effective for those car drivers who reported the most negative attitudes prior viewing the clips or riding the simulator. Providing car drivers with a perspective of the motorcyclist may prove to be a useful tool for promoting safer attitudes towards motorcyclists. PMID:21658502

  5. 20 CFR 10.912 - What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? 10.912 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.912 What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? Link to an...

  6. 78 FR 48456 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-08

    ...Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S...Customs broker license cancellation due to death of the broker...cancelled without prejudice due to the death of the license holders....

  7. Employee attitudes to information sharing: a case study at the European Central Bank

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Julibert

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions and attitudes of employees towards information sharing as well as the possible reasons behind these attitudes in the specific organizational context of the European Central Bank (ECB). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data obtained in interviews with seven employees were analyzed using the grounded theory technique of constant comparative analysis. Categories,

  8. Attitudes of Greek Parents of Primary School Children without Special Educational Needs to Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalyva, Efrosini; Georgiadi, Maria; Tsakiris, Vlastaris

    2007-01-01

    Successful inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) in school settings depends largely on the attitudes of parents of peers without SEN. The purpose of the present study was to explore the attitudes of Greek parents of primary school children without SEN towards inclusion. The participants were 338 parents (182 fathers, 156…

  9. Attitudes to Poverty, the Protestant Ethic, and Political Affiliation: A Preliminary Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagstaff, Graham F.

    1983-01-01

    Investigated British attitudes toward the poor as measured by MacDonald's Povery Scale and the Protestant Ethic Scale. Supporters of the British Conservative Party had more negative attitudes toward the poor, and were more likely to blame the poor for their fate than supporters of the British Labour Party. (JAC)

  10. The Development of an Instrument to Measure Teacher Attitudes toward Evaluation (TATE).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Carolyn; Rosenquist, Barbara

    A teacher's attitudes toward a given testing procedure in particular, and evaluation and research procedures in general, may adversely affect the children's performance and consequently the resulting data. The UCLA Head Start Evaluation and Research Center found it necessary to design an instrument which would focus on those attitudes of teachers…

  11. Applying an Attitude-Behavior Consistency Model to Research in Library and Information Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walster, Dian

    1994-01-01

    Examines the application of the Fishbein and Ajzen model of attitude-behavior consistency to research in library and information science (LIS). The components of the model are explained, two examples of LIS research are presented, and there is a brief review of areas in LIS that could benefit from attitude-behavior consistency research. (Contains…

  12. Great Expectations: Students' Educational Attitudes upon the Transition to Post-Secondary Vocational Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elffers, Louise; Oort, Frans J.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we examine students' educational attitudes upon the transition to Dutch senior vocational education (SVE), a transition associated with high dropout rates in the first year. Prior studies have identified differences in educational attitudes between sociodemographic groups. However, the mechanisms underlying those differences remain…

  13. Assessing Changes to Student Attitudes and Beliefs about Science and Astronomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Mendelsohn; S. Cormier; E. E. Prather; G. Brissenden

    2011-01-01

    We are creating a mixed-methods study to inform our understanding of students' beliefs and attitudes about the role of science within our society and their understanding of the nature of science within the context of astronomy. Additionally, we are seeking the input of the broader Astronomy 101 teaching community about their own beliefs and attitudes about what is important for

  14. Group Supervision Attitudes: Supervisory Practices Fostering Resistance to Adoption of Evidence-Based Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Charles T.; Patterson, David A.; McKiernan, Patrick M.

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this study was to qualitatively evaluate worker's attitudes about clinical supervision. It is believed that poor attitudes toward clinical supervision can create barriers during supervision sessions. Fifty-one participants within a social services organization completed an open-ended questionnaire regarding their clinical supervision…

  15. Design and Study of the Instrument to Assess Students' Attitude toward Graphing Calculator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reznichenko, Nataliya

    2007-01-01

    Assumptions: In mathematics learning, one of the considerations in the graphing calculator (GC) use is to understand students' attitude toward calculators. Rationale: This presentation describes design of an assessment instrument of students' attitude toward graphing calculator. Objectives: A pilot study that assessed the effectiveness of the…

  16. What Happens? Relationship of Age and Gender with Science Attitudes from Elementary to Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorge, Carmen

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the attitudes of 1008 students from rural New Mexico in elementary and middle schools from ages 9 through 14. A large decrease in science attitudes between the ages of 11 and 12 years, corresponding with the move from elementary to middle school was observed. (Contains 1 figure and 3 tables.)

  17. Visitors to Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, Georgia--their characteristics, attitudes, satisfactions and preferences 

    E-print Network

    Fowler, Ronald Lynn

    1972-01-01

    of the Scale Values of the Thurstone-Chave and Shilling Items and those Computed for the Okefenokee Visitor Study to Measure Attitudes about Wildlife Comparison of A and B forms of the Wildlife Attitude Scale with Shilling's Recreation and Forestry Scales...

  18. Heightened Sensitivity of Likert Attitude Scales to Restriction of Sample Range.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, James S.; Wedell, Douglas H.; Laughlin, James E.

    The Likert rating scale procedure is often used in conjunction with a graded disagree-agree response scale to measure attitudes. Item characteristic curves associated with graded disagree-agree responses are generally single-peaked, nonmonotonic functions of true attitude. These characteristics are, thus, more generally consistent with an…

  19. Using a Geriatric Mentoring Narrative Program to Improve Medical Student Attitudes towards the Elderly

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duke, Pamela; Cohen, Diane; Novack, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    This study examined first-year medical student attitudes concerning the elderly before and after instituting a geriatric mentoring program. The program began and ended with a survey designed to assess students' attitudes toward the elderly. During the mentoring program, students visited the same senior for four visits throughout the academic year.…

  20. Moral Judgment, Personality, and Attitude to Authority in Early and Late Adolescence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapsley, Daniel K.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the relationship between moral judgment and personality or attitude toward authority; variation of attitude toward authority through adolescence; and bias of Kohlbergian moral development toward a liberal political philosophy. Results were discussed in terms of the political and psychological features of…

  1. Scuba diver deaths due to air embolism: two case reports.

    PubMed

    Türkmen, Nursel; Akan, Okan; Cetin, Selçuk; Eren, Bülent; Gürses, Murat Serdar; Gündo?mu?, Umit Naci

    2013-04-01

    Barotraumas and decompression sickness are the two most well-known complications of diving. First presented case was 32 year-old male with recreational diver, who was found floating prone position on the bottom of sea in a depth of 33 m. He had been carried to the surface in a controlled ascent. Second case was a 39 year-old male experienced dive instructor in a diving school, after following an uneventful duration of dive was found unconscious with a floating supine position in a depth of 30 m and there were no signs of life when they were transported to the hospital. Extensive subcutaneous emphysema of the extremities was detected by palpation of the skin. In the autopsy diffuse gas bubbles like beads were seen in the coronary arteries and in ventricles, basilar artery and all of the cerebral arteries. The cause of death was attributed due to gas embolism and drowning. PMID:23641724

  2. Evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention program to influence attitudes of students towards peers with disabilities.

    PubMed

    de Boer, Anke; Pijl, Sip Jan; Minnaert, Alexander; Post, Wendy

    2014-03-01

    In this study we examine the effectiveness of an intervention program to influence attitudes of elementary school students towards peers with intellectual, physical and severe physical and intellectual disabilities. A quasi-experimental longitudinal study was designed with an experimental group and a control group, both comprising two rural schools. An intervention program was developed for kindergarten (n(experimental) = 22, n(control) = 31) and elementary school students without disabilities (n(experimental) = 91, n(control) = 127) (age range 4-12 years old). This intervention consisted of a 3 weeks education project comprising six lessons about disabilities. The Acceptance Scale for Kindergarten-revised and the Attitude Survey to Inclusive Education were used to measure attitudes at three moments: prior to the start of the intervention, after the intervention and 1 year later. The outcomes of the multilevel analysis showed positive, immediate effects on attitudes of kindergarten students, but limited effects on elementary school students' attitudes. PMID:23982486

  3. 20 CFR 10.912 - What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? 10.912 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.912 What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? Claim...

  4. 20 CFR 10.912 - What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? 10.912 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.912 What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? Claim...

  5. 20 CFR 10.912 - What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? 10.912 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.912 What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? Claim...

  6. 20 CFR 10.912 - What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? 10.912 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.912 What is required to establish a claim for the death gratuity payment? Claim...

  7. Sudden death due to nonarrhythmic cause in a patient with L-TGA.

    PubMed

    Hayward, Robert M; Ursell, Philip C; Foster, Elyse; Tseng, Zian H

    2014-05-01

    We report a case of sudden death in a clinically stable adult with l-transposition of the great arteries (l-TGA). Sudden death has been reported to be the leading cause of death in l-TGA and is often attributed to arrhythmias in the absence of another identifiable cause. However, the contribution of nonarrhythmic causes to the burden of sudden death in this population is unknown. Comprehensive postmortem investigation, including autopsy and pacemaker interrogation, demonstrated that the cause of death was massive pulmonary hemorrhage due to stenosis of the patient's mechanical tricuspid (systemic AV) valve. This report highlights the important contribution of nonarrhythmic causes of sudden death in this population and the value of autopsy and device interrogation in determining true cause of death. PMID:24118753

  8. The Effect of Implicitly Incentivized Faking on Explicit and Implicit Measures of Doping Attitude: When Athletes Want to Pretend an Even More Negative Attitude to Doping

    PubMed Central

    Wolff, Wanja; Schindler, Sebastian; Brand, Ralf

    2015-01-01

    The Implicit Association Test (IAT) aims to measure participants’ automatic evaluation of an attitude object and is useful especially for the measurement of attitudes related to socially sensitive subjects, e.g. doping in sports. Several studies indicate that IAT scores can be faked on instruction. But fully or semi-instructed research scenarios might not properly reflect what happens in more realistic situations, when participants secretly decide to try faking the test. The present study is the first to investigate IAT faking when there is only an implicit incentive to do so. Sixty-five athletes (22.83 years ± 2.45; 25 women) were randomly assigned to an incentive-to-fake condition or a control condition. Participants in the incentive-to-fake condition were manipulated to believe that athletes with lenient doping attitudes would be referred to a tedious 45-minute anti-doping program. Attitudes were measured with the pictorial doping brief IAT (BIAT) and with the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS). A one-way MANOVA revealed significant differences between conditions after the manipulation in PEAS scores, but not in the doping BIAT. In the light of our hypothesis this suggests that participants successfully faked an exceedingly negative attitude to doping when completing the PEAS, but were unsuccessful in doing so on the reaction time-based test. This study assessed BIAT faking in a setting that aimed to resemble a situation in which participants want to hide their attempts to cheat. The two measures of attitude were differentially affected by the implicit incentive. Our findings provide evidence that the pictorial doping BIAT is relatively robust against spontaneous and naïve faking attempts. (B)IATs might be less prone to faking than implied by previous studies. PMID:25902142

  9. Sex, grade, and course differences in attitudes that are related to cognitive performance in secondary science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levin, James; Seymour Fowler, H.

    The purpose of this study was to collect and analyze data on sexual differences in secondary school students' attitudes towards science. Attitudinal differences were also analyzed for the independent variables of science programs and grade levels. Data were collected from 988 students using a modified version of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scales to represent attitudes toward science. Reliabilities of the modified science subscales were all high ( > 0.83). Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to analyze the data for the main and interaction effects of the independent variables of sex (male, female), grade level (10th, 11th, 12th), and science program (advanced placement, academic, general, terminal). Significant differences (p < 0.05) were indicated for all main effects (sex, grade, science program). Interaction effects were not found. Mean separations for the various levels of sex, grade, and science program were performed for all attitudinal subscales. Females evidenced a significantly more positive attitude (p 0.01) than males on three subscales: Attitude Toward Success in Science Scale, Science as a Male Domain Scale, and Teacher Scale. Although not significant, males evidenced more positive attitudes on all the remaining five subscales. Eleventh graders evidenced significantly more positive attitudes than tenth graders on all but the Effectance Motivation Scale. Students in 11th grade had more positive attitudes than 12th-grade students on all scales but Science as a Male Domain Scale; however, these differences were not significant. Tenth graders differed significantly from 12th graders on three subscales; Science Usefulness Scale, Confidence in Learning Science Scale, and Teacher Scale. Positive attitudes decreased from advanced placement to terminal programs. Academic students did not differ significantly from general students except on the Father Scale; however, they were significantly different (more positive) from the terminal students for all subscales. General students were also significantly different from terminal students except on the three subscales of Attitudes Toward Success in Science, Science as a Male Domain, and Effectance Motivation.

  10. Culturally Diverse Beliefs Concerning Dying, Death, and Bereavement: A School Psychologist's Intervention Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tramonte, Michael R.

    School psychologists need to employ a multicultural perspective in the areas of death, dying, and bereavement. To develop multicultural sensitivity and competency requires setting aside one's personal beliefs in an attempt to adopt another's perspective. Consequently, school psychologists first need to explore their own attitudes about death and…

  11. Risk-taking attitudes among young drivers: the psychometric qualities and dimensionality of an instrument to measure young drivers' risk-taking attitudes.

    PubMed

    Ulleberg, Pål; Rundmo, Torbjørn

    2002-07-01

    Adolescents are proportionately more frequently involved in traffic accidents than are other age groups. A strategy for promoting road safety is to change the attitudes likely to influence driving behavior. However, the lack of valid and reliable instruments to measure risk-taking attitudes makes it difficult to evaluate the effects of measures aimed at changing attitudes among young drivers and their passengers. The present study tested the psychometric qualities of a scale intended to measure adolescents' risk-taking attitudes to driving. The results are based on a self-completion questionnaire survey carried out among 3,942 adolescents and young adults, aged 16-23 years, in Norway in 1998/1999. Using both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, 11 dimensions of risk-taking attitudes were identified. Parametric as well as nonparametric methods were applied to test the homogeneity of items within each attitude dimension. The reliability and validity of the dimensions were satisfactory. The attitude dimensions were significantly correlated with self-reported driving behavior, as well as accident frequency. The application of the new measurement instrument in studies aimed at evaluating safety campaigns is discussed. PMID:12184478

  12. Sudden infant death from atelectasis due to amniotic fluid aspiration.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, N; Yamakawa, M; Imai, Y; Suzuki, T

    1989-12-01

    An infant girl, whose hands showed lobster-claw deformity, was found dead in her bed at 17 days of age. Macroscopic and microscopic examination of the lungs showed fatal atelectasis. The alveolar spaces were filled with fluid, epithelial cells, and squamous debris. These were the constituents of amniotic fluid aspirated before birth. The present case suggested that some sudden unexpected deaths in early infancy are delayed deaths caused by amniotic fluid aspiration. PMID:2589299

  13. Sex and attitude distortion: Ability of females and males to fake liberal and conservative positions regarding changing sex roles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula J. Jean; Cecil R. Reynolds

    1984-01-01

    Scales designed to measure attitudes toward changing sex roles are vulnerable to the effects of social desirability. The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in this vulnerability or fakeability between an older scale, the Attitudes Toward Women Scale (AWS) and a more current scale, the Bias in Attitudes Survey (BIAS). Results suggest that, when asked to do

  14. Cultural Implications of Death and Loss from AIDS among Women in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwelunmor, Juliet; Airhihenbuwa, Collins O.

    2012-01-01

    Over 1.8 million people have died of AIDS in South Africa, and it continues to be a death sentence for many women. The purpose of this study was to examine the broader context of death and loss from HIV/AIDS and to identify the cultural factors that influenced existing beliefs and attitudes. The participants included 110 women recruited from 3…

  15. Identification and characterization of students' attitudes toward technology as related to environmental problems

    SciTech Connect

    Lubbers, J.D.

    1984-01-01

    Viewing the role of technology as either the cause of or solution to environmental problems may be unrealistic, and such extreme attitudes may inhibit the resolution of environmental problems. Courses that present a particular orientation toward the role of technology may encourage these extreme attitudes. Identifying attitudes of students enrolled in such courses and designing instruction to foster specific attitudes can lead to a more rational and objective attitude toward technology as related to environmental problems. The Scientific-Environmental-Technological (SET) literacy model was suggested as an appropriate framework for presenting the role of technology to students. A 34 item Likert scale was developed to measure attitudes as defined by two constructs: PRO-technology and ANTI-technology. Students enrolled in three courses (E200, Environment and People, K201, The Computer in Business, E100, Freshman Engineering Lectures), were asked to respond to the survey at the beginning and end of the fall, 1980 semester. The findings indicate that the survey was useful in identifying and characterizing attitudes of certain populations. The differences between the E200 and E100 students indicate that instruction that recognizes and examines the full range of perspectives on the impact of technology should be provided for these students.

  16. Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Predict Smoking Cessation: Moderating Effects of Experienced Failure to Control Smoking and Plans to Quit

    PubMed Central

    Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark C.; Sherman, Steven J.; Seo, Dong-Chul; Macy, Jon

    2010-01-01

    The current study tested implicit and explicit attitudes as prospective predictors of smoking cessation in a Midwestern community sample of smokers. Results showed that the effects of attitudes significantly varied with levels of experienced failure to control smoking and plans to quit. Explicit attitudes significantly predicted later cessation among those with low (but not high or average) levels of experienced failure to control smoking. Conversely, however, implicit attitudes significantly predicted later cessation among those with high levels of experienced failure to control smoking, but only if they had a plan to quit. Because smoking cessation involves both controlled and automatic processes, interventions may need to consider attitude change interventions that focus on both implicit and explicit attitudes. PMID:21198227

  17. Death Runthrough

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi

    2011-11-16

    Broadcast Transcript: At a certain age, we all begin to feel our mortality. Here in South Korea, they're doing something about it. Test runs for death. Well, they're not really practicing dying. They're practicing with death's accessories. That is...

  18. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: a series from an epilepsy surgery program and speculation on the relationship to sudden cardiac death.

    PubMed

    Dasheiff, R M

    1991-04-01

    Sudden unexpected death represents a significant cause of mortality in people with epilepsy. It derives this significance not because it is the most frequent cause of death but because it is apparently a direct consequence of a seizure. The implication is that epilepsy is an inherently lethal disorder. Seven patients who were studied in an epilepsy surgery program died a sudden unexpected death. This incidence of sudden unexpected death was five times higher than the 1-2/1,000 per year reported in the general epilepsy population. Sudden unexpected death shares some of the characteristics associated with sudden cardiac death, which kills 300,000 people in the United States each year. A cardiac arrhythmia, usually ventricular fibrillation, is the most common terminal event for sudden cardiac death and is the leading candidate as the mechanism for sudden unexpected death. Despite this knowledge, little is known on how to identify a high-risk group of patients for sudden death or how these deaths might be prevented. PMID:2050822

  19. Personal and Perceived Peer Attitudes Supporting Sexual Aggression as Predictors of Male College Students' Willingness to Intervene against Sexual Aggression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Amy L.; Messman-Moore, Terri L.

    2010-01-01

    Male college students (N = 395) completed anonymous surveys to report personal attitudes supporting sexual aggression and estimated the attitudes of their peers. Participants also indicated their willingness to intervene against a peer if they witnessed sexual aggression. Although both personal and peer attitudes were correlated with willingness…

  20. Pergamon Automatica, Vol. 31, No. 8, pp.1099-1112, 1995 A Novel Approach to the Attitude

    E-print Network

    Tsiotras, Panagiotis

    nonlinear control systems feedback control. Abstract| In this paper we consider the problem of attitudePergamon Automatica, Vol. 31, No. 8, pp.1099-1112, 1995 A Novel Approach to the Attitude Control for the attitude stabilization and reorienta- tion of an axi-symmetric spacecraft subject to two gas jet actuators

  1. A Narrative Inquiry to Determine the Impact of Learning Communities on Attitude Change of Developmental College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyett, La Tonya R.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this narrative inquiry research study was to explore how learning communities impact attitude changes of developmental college students. The qualitative research design enabled the researcher to determine attitudes, and changes in attitudes, via narratives shared by the participants about their personal experiences. The participants…

  2. Detraditionalisation and attitudes to sex outside marriage in China.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Weijun; Zhou, Xudong; Zhou, Chi; Liu, Wei; Li, Lu; Hesketh, Therese

    2011-05-01

    China has undergone massive socio-economic change over the past 30 years. In parallel, there have been huge changes in social and sexual mores. Until the end of the Mao era strict norms prevailed, with sex outside marriage widely regarded as immoral and unacceptable. Detraditionalisation theory describes the abandonment or reconfiguration of the socio-cultural traditions and has been explored widely in Western settings. This study aimed to explore its relevance for China through exploring attitudes towards premarital sex, extramarital sex, same-sex relations and sex work. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 212 men and women aged 18 to 39 in urban and rural areas of three provinces: Zhejiang, Guizhou and Yunnan. Analysis identified emerging themes. Results show varying degrees of acceptance of the four sexual behaviours, with premarital sex seen as common, homosexuality still regarded as unacceptable by the majority but considerable acceptance of commercial sex work as part of male business transactions and social life. China appears to be on a pathway of detraditionalisation with specific Chinese features. This study suggests that the concept of detraditionalisation applies well to non-Western contexts, but the path it takes is culture-specific and relatively unpredictable. PMID:21452090

  3. Attitudes to reducing violence towards women: punishment or prevention?

    PubMed

    Martin, J L; O'Shea, M L; Romans, S E; Anderson, J C; Mullen, P E

    1993-04-14

    A random community survey on the prevalence and correlation of sexual abuse in childhood and adulthood was conducted to canvass the attitudes of abused and nonabused women in reducing physical and sexual violence. A postal questionnaire was given to 3000 women under age 65 seeking basic demographic, health, and abuse information. 73% of those under 65 years responded. Results showed that over one-third of these 73% reported some form of sexual abuse; 204 reported childhood sexual abuse; 208 reported sexual assault after age 16; and 191 had both child and sexual abuse experiences. It also showed that in reducing violence in the community, education was the most favored approach, followed by increased punishment of the offender. Women who experienced sexual abuse during their childhood were more likely to advocate measures other than punishment, while those rural women without formal qualifications and were not abused were more likely to advocate increased punishment or made no comment. In conclusion, victims of sexual assault prefer prevention rather than punishment. PMID:8474726

  4. Reduced death threat in near-death experiencers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Greyson

    1992-01-01

    Near-death experiences (NDEs), profound mystical or transcendental experiences occurring on the threshold of death, have been reported to reduce fear of death and death anxiety. This study compared responses to the Threat Index, a widely used measure of the threat implied by one's personal death, of (a) 135 near-death experiences, (b) 43 individuals who had come close to death but

  5. Does the arousal system contribute to near death experience?

    PubMed

    Nelson, Kevin R; Mattingly, Michelle; Lee, Sherman A; Schmitt, Frederick A

    2006-04-11

    The neurophysiologic basis of near death experience (NDE) is unknown. Clinical observations suggest that REM state intrusion contributes to NDE. Support for the hypothesis follows five lines of evidence: REM intrusion during wakefulness is a frequent normal occurrence, REM intrusion underlies other clinical conditions, NDE elements can be explained by REM intrusion, cardiorespiratory afferents evoke REM intrusion, and persons with an NDE may have an arousal system predisposing to REM intrusion. To investigate a predisposition to REM intrusion, the life-time prevalence of REM intrusion was studied in 55 NDE subjects and compared with that in age/gender-matched control subjects. Sleep paralysis as well as sleep-related visual and auditory hallucinations were substantially more common in subjects with an NDE. These findings anticipate that under circumstances of peril, an NDE is more likely in those with previous REM intrusion. REM intrusion could promote subjective aspects of NDE and often associated syncope. Suppression of an activated locus ceruleus could be central to an arousal system predisposed to REM intrusion and NDE. PMID:16606911

  6. Piperlongumine and immune cytokine TRAIL synergize to promote tumor death.

    PubMed

    Li, Jiahe; Sharkey, Charles C; King, Michael R

    2015-01-01

    Malignant transformation results in increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Adaption to this toxic stress allows cancer cells to proliferate. Recently, piperlongumine (PL), a natural alkaloid, was identified to exhibit novel anticancer effects by targeting ROS signaling. PL induces apoptosis specifically in cancer cells by downregulating several anti-apoptotic proteins. Notably, the same anti-apoptotic proteins were previously found to reduce tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. Therefore, we reasoned that PL would synergize with TRAIL to stimulate potent apoptosis in cancer cells. We demonstrate for the first time that PL and TRAIL exhibit a synergistic anti-cancer effect in cancer cell lines of various origins. PL resulted in the upregulation of TRAIL receptor DR5, which potentiated TRAIL-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. Furthermore, such upregulation was found to be dependent on ROS and the activation of JNK and p38 kinases. Treatment with combined PL and TRAIL demonstrated significant anti-proliferative effects in a triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 xenograft model. This work provides a novel therapeutic approach for inducing cancer cell death. Combination of PL and TRAIL may suggest a novel paradigm for treatment of primary and metastatic tumors. PMID:25984950

  7. Attitude Measurement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norland, Emmalou

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the importance of assessing camp staff attitudes, the nature of attitudes, and how attitudes are formed. Recommends Likert scales as effective in measuring the direction and strength of an attitude, identifying the object of an attitude, and detecting how an attitude was formed. Provides guidelines for developing a Likert scale and…

  8. Suicide-Bereaved Individuals' Attitudes Toward Therapists.

    PubMed

    Ward-Ciesielski, Erin F; Wielgus, Madeline D; Jones, Connor B

    2014-12-01

    Background: Suicide-bereaved individuals represent an important group impacted by suicide. Understanding their experiences following the suicide of a loved one is an important research domain, despite receiving limited attention. Although suicide-bereaved individuals may benefit from mental health treatment, their attitudes toward therapy and therapists are poorly understood. Aims: The present study aimed to understand the extent to which bereaved individuals' attitudes toward therapy and therapists are impacted by whether their loved one was in therapy at the time of death. Method: Suicide-bereaved individuals (N = 243) from the United States were recruited to complete an online survey about their experience with and attitudes toward therapy and therapists following the suicide of a loved one. Results: Bereaved individuals whose loved one was in therapy at the time of death (N = 48, 19.8%) reported more negative and less positive attitudes toward the treating therapist than those whose loved one was not in therapy at the time of death (N = 81, 33.3%) or whose loved one was never in therapy/the deceased's therapy status was unknown (N = 114, 46.9%). Conclusion: The deceased's involvement with a therapist appears to be an important factor impacting the experience of bereaved individuals and should be considered when attempting to engage these individuals in postvention. PMID:25467045

  9. Using Visual Odometry to Estimate Position and Attitude

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maimone, Mark; Cheng, Yang; Matthies, Larry; Schoppers, Marcel; Olson, Clark

    2007-01-01

    A computer program in the guidance system of a mobile robot generates estimates of the position and attitude of the robot, using features of the terrain on which the robot is moving, by processing digitized images acquired by a stereoscopic pair of electronic cameras mounted rigidly on the robot. Developed for use in localizing the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) vehicles on Martian terrain, the program can also be used for similar purposes on terrestrial robots moving in sufficiently visually textured environments: examples include low-flying robotic aircraft and wheeled robots moving on rocky terrain or inside buildings. In simplified terms, the program automatically detects visual features and tracks them across stereoscopic pairs of images acquired by the cameras. The 3D locations of the tracked features are then robustly processed into an estimate of overall vehicle motion. Testing has shown that by use of this software, the error in the estimate of the position of the robot can be limited to no more than 2 percent of the distance traveled, provided that the terrain is sufficiently rich in features. This software has proven extremely useful on the MER vehicles during driving on sandy and highly sloped terrains on Mars.

  10. Attitude and knowledge of hearing loss among medical doctors selected to initiate a residency in Mexico.

    PubMed

    López-Vázquez, M; Berruecos, P; Lopez, L E; Cacho, J

    2009-03-01

    Early diagnosis and intervention of hearing loss are directly influenced by the knowledge and attitude towards this condition among medical personnel, particularly in countries where screening is not performed routinely. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the attitude and knowledge of hearing loss in a group of physicians. A questionnaire with five Likert-type items and five multiple choice and fill-in-the-blank items was completed by 2727 physicians selected to start a medical residency. Results suggested that physicians' knowledge level on the matter is deficient and their attitude is far from the ideal; however, physicians selected for a residency in audiology showed slightly better results. PMID:19283581

  11. Resistance to persuasion and attitude certainty: the moderating role of elaboration.

    PubMed

    Tormala, Zakary L; Petty, Richard E

    2004-11-01

    Recent research has demonstrated that when people resist persuasive attacks, they can under specifiable conditions become more certain of their initial attitudes. The present research explores the role of elaboration in determining when this effect will occur. Using both self-reported differences in situational elaboration (Study 1) and chronic individual differences in the need for cognition (Study 2), it is demonstrated that resisting persuasion increases attitude certainty primarily when elaboration is high. When elaboration is low, resisting persuasion does not appear to impact attitude certainty. These findings shed light on the role of metacognitive factors in resistance to persuasion, pinpointing the conditions under which these factors come into play. PMID:15448308

  12. Estimating the number needed to vaccinate to prevent diseases and death related to human papillomavirus infection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Brisson; Nicolas Van de Velde; Marie-Claude Boily

    2007-01-01

    Background: A vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16 and 18 is now licensed for use in Canada and many other countries. We sought to estimate the number needed to vaccinate to prevent HPV-related diseases and death. Methods: A cohort model of the natural history of HPV infection was developed. Model simulations were based on 209 different parameter

  13. Assessment of Anemia Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors among Pregnant Women in Sierra Leone

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    M'Cormack, Fredanna A. D.; Drolet, Judy C.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia prevalence of pregnant Sierra Leone women currently is reported to be 59.7%. Anemia is considered to be a direct cause of 3-7% of maternal deaths and an indirect cause of 20-40% of maternal deaths. This study explores knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of urban pregnant Sierra Leone women regarding anemia.…

  14. guilty until proven innocent: conviction orientation, racial attitudes, and support for capital punishment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert L. Young

    2004-01-01

    A long-standing objection to the death penalty is that it has been applied disproportionately to African Americans. A more recent objection centers on concern that standards for selecting death qualified juries bias these juries in the favor of the prosecution. This research investigates the empirical connections between these two objections by analyzing the structure of attitudes and beliefs that connect

  15. MTV to the Rescue: Changing Library Attitudes through Video.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakiji, Eileen; Thomas, Joy

    1997-01-01

    "Liberspace" is an 8-minute video demonstrating library use and practices for new students at California State University, Long Beach. An analysis of responses from 1,879 students about library use and attitudes suggests that viewing the video will increase undergraduate and graduate use of the library and consultations with librarians during…

  16. Public Attitudes and Behaviors With Respect to Child Abuse Prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DEBORAH DARO; RICHARD J. GELLES

    1992-01-01

    This article examines public attitudes toward specific parental discipline practices, the incidence of specific parental practices, the public's support for and involvement in child abuse prevention efforts, and the public's perceptions of the causes of child maltreatment. Data were collected from a nationally representative sample of 1,250 adults each year between 1987 and 1992. The majority of the public view

  17. Transplanting hearts after death measured by cardiac criteria: the challenge to the dead donor rule.

    PubMed

    Veatch, Robert M

    2010-06-01

    The current definition of death used for donation after cardiac death relies on a determination of the irreversible cessation of the cardiac function. Although this criterion can be compatible with transplantation of most organs, it is not compatible with heart transplantation since heart transplants by definition involve the resuscitation of the supposedly "irreversibly" stopped heart. Subsequently, the definition of "irreversible" has been altered so as to permit heart transplantation in some circumstances, but this is unsatisfactory. There are three available strategies for solving this "irreversibility problem": altering the definition of death so as to rely on circulatory irreversibility, rather than cardiac; defining death strictly on the basis of brain death (either whole-brain or more pragmatically some higher brain criteria); or redefining death in traditional terms and simultaneously legalizing some limited instances of medical killing to procure viable hearts. The first two strategies are the most ethically justifiable and practical. PMID:20439354

  18. Studies in robust control systems with application to various spacecraft attitude control schemes 

    E-print Network

    Samaan, Malak Anees

    2000-01-01

    of this thesis is to study the application of different robustness tests on various attitude control systems for spacecraft subject to parameter perturbations. The robust control theories for time domain and frequency domain with linear and non-linear parameters...

  19. Development of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices

    E-print Network

    Lakshman, Rajalakshmi R; Landsbaugh, Jill R; Schiff, Annie; Hardeman, Wendy; Ong, Ken K; Griffin, Simon J

    2011-04-21

    describes the development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices. Methods We designed a 57-item (19 questions), self-administered questionnaire to measure the following four...

  20. A Novel Cell Death Gene Acts to Repair Patterning Defects in Drosophila melanogaster

    PubMed Central

    Tanaka, Kentaro M.; Takahashi, Aya; Fuse, Naoyuki; Takano-Shimizu-Kouno, Toshiyuki

    2014-01-01

    Cell death is a mechanism utilized by organisms to eliminate excess cells during development. Here, we describe a novel regulator of caspase-independent cell death, Mabiki (Mabi), that is involved in the repair of the head patterning defects caused by extra copies of bicoid in Drosophila melanogaster. Mabiki functions together with caspase-dependent cell death mechanisms to provide robustness during development. PMID:24671768

  1. Cell death during sepsis: integration of disintegration in the inflammatory response to overwhelming infection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fabiano Pinheiro da Silva; Victor Nizet

    2009-01-01

    Sepsis is a major health problem and a leading cause of death worldwide. In recent years, a crescendo of attention has been\\u000a directed to the mechanisms of cell death that develop during this disease, since these are viewed as important contributors\\u000a to the proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory responses associated with poor outcome. Here we discuss mechanisms of cell death\\u000a evident severe

  2. Autophagy prevents autophagic cell death in Tetrahymena in response to oxidative stress.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Si-Wei; Feng, Jiang-Nan; Cao, Yi; Meng, Li-Ping; Wang, Shu-Lin

    2015-05-01

    Autophagy is a major cellular pathway used to degrade long-lived proteins or organelles that may be damaged due to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by cellular stress. Autophagy typically enhances cell survival, but it may also act to promote cell death under certain conditions. The mechanism underlying this paradox, however, remains unclear. We showed that Tetrahymena cells exerted increased membrane-bound vacuoles characteristic of autophagy followed by autophagic cell death (referred to as cell death with autophagy) after exposure to hydrogen peroxide. Inhibition of autophagy by chloroquine or 3-methyladenine significantly augmented autophagic cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide. Blockage of the mitochondrial electron transport chain or starvation triggered activation of autophagy followed by cell death by inducing the production of ROS due to the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. This indicated a regulatory role of mitochondrial ROS in programming autophagy and autophagic cell death in Tetrahymena. Importantly, suppression of autophagy enhanced autophagic cell death in Tetrahymena in response to elevated ROS production from starvation, and this was reversed by antioxidants. Therefore, our results suggest that autophagy was activated upon oxidative stress to prevent the initiation of autophagic cell death in Tetrahymena until the accumulation of ROS passed the point of no return, leading to delayed cell death in Tetrahymena. PMID:26018860

  3. Retraining Attitudes and Stereotypes to Affect Motivation and Cognitive Capacity under Stereotype Threat

    PubMed Central

    Forbes, Chad E.; Schmader, Toni

    2010-01-01

    A series of experiments used a retraining paradigm to test the effects of attitudes and stereotypes on individuals’ motivation and processing capacity in stereotype threatening contexts. Women trained to have a more positive math attitude exhibited increased math motivation (Study 1). This effect was not observed for men but was magnified among women when negative stereotypes were either primed subtly (Study 2) or indirectly reinforced (Study 3). Although attitudes had no effect on working memory capacity, women retrained to associate their gender with being good at math exhibited increased working memory capacity (Studies 3 and 4) that in turn mediated increased math performance (Study 4) in a stereotype threatening context. Results suggest that although positive attitudes can motivate stigmatized individuals to engage with threatening domains, stereotypes need to be retrained to give them the cognitive capacity critical for success. Implications for interventions to reduce stereotype threat are discussed. PMID:20822288

  4. A theoretical prediction of the attitude dynamics due to aerodynamic effects on the reusable reentry satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wercinski, P. F.

    1988-01-01

    As part of the preliminary mission analysis of the Reusable Reentry Satellite (RRS) (planned for launching in the early to mid-1990s), the on-orbit attitude dynamics of the RRS were analyzed to quantify various parameters that would affect the attitude dynamics of the vehicle. The analysis simulated the attitude dynamics of the RRS due to aerodynamic forces coupled with the motion of the satellite moving around the orbit, estimated the levels of induced angular rates due to external disturbance torques while in orbit, and established the limits of operational orbit altitudes. The results show that, for a typical 60-day mission, orbit altitudes above 350 km are necessary to prevent undesirable orbit decay, with about 200 km as the lower limit. It was also found that, in order to maintain a pointing attitude toward the sun within an acceptable angular deviation for periods exceeding 8 hrs, it is necessary to orbit at an altitude above 600 km.

  5. Rate of false conviction of criminal defendants who are sentenced to death.

    PubMed

    Gross, Samuel R; O'Brien, Barbara; Hu, Chen; Kennedy, Edward H

    2014-05-20

    The rate of erroneous conviction of innocent criminal defendants is often described as not merely unknown but unknowable. There is no systematic method to determine the accuracy of a criminal conviction; if there were, these errors would not occur in the first place. As a result, very few false convictions are ever discovered, and those that are discovered are not representative of the group as a whole. In the United States, however, a high proportion of false convictions that do come to light and produce exonerations are concentrated among the tiny minority of cases in which defendants are sentenced to death. This makes it possible to use data on death row exonerations to estimate the overall rate of false conviction among death sentences. The high rate of exoneration among death-sentenced defendants appears to be driven by the threat of execution, but most death-sentenced defendants are removed from death row and resentenced to life imprisonment, after which the likelihood of exoneration drops sharply. We use survival analysis to model this effect, and estimate that if all death-sentenced defendants remained under sentence of death indefinitely, at least 4.1% would be exonerated. We conclude that this is a conservative estimate of the proportion of false conviction among death sentences in the United States. PMID:24778209

  6. To hold or not to hold: medicolegal death investigation practices during unexpected child death investigations and the experiences of next of kin.

    PubMed

    Rudd, Rebecca A; Marain, Lisa Capizzi; Crandall, Laura

    2014-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the current practices within the medicolegal death investigation system, as well as the experience of bereaved parents due to sudden unexpected child death with regard to viewing, memorial keepsakes, and communication during the death investigation. Convenience samples of 197 professionals and 156 bereaved parents participated. Respondents were asked to participate in an online survey. Results show that the majority of professional respondents (96.5%) allow the next of kin (NOK) to view his/her child before transport to the morgue while holding the infant/child was somewhat less commonplace (68.9%). The majority of professional respondents (70.4%) would also permit memorial keepsakes to be made. Additional factors are explored that both hinder and promote these common family requests. Furthermore, professional practices and NOK experiences in regard to communicating preliminary and final cause of death information to the NOK were highly variable. This article provides a snapshot at the current death investigative practices in the United States, as well as how these practices are received by NOK along with their recommendations for change. These results may be used to further inform future guidelines to improve comprehensive and efficient death investigations that support the emotional needs of the newly bereaved. PMID:24781400

  7. Law & psychiatry: Death row delusions: when is a prisoner competent to be executed?

    PubMed

    Appelbaum, Paul S

    2007-10-01

    This column examines a recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Panetti v. Quarterman, which embraced a broader view of what makes death row prisoners incompetent to be executed. Although the defendant understood that he was to be executed and the state's purported reason for seeking his death--two criteria suggested by the Court's 1986 decision in Ford v. Wainwright--he suffered from a fixed delusion about the actual reason for his death. The Court indicated that competent prisoners must have a "rational understanding" of the reason that a death penalty is being imposed but declined to define a clear standard. PMID:17913998

  8. The wish to hasten death: a review of clinical studies.

    PubMed

    Monforte-Royo, Cristina; Villavicencio-Chávez, Christian; Tomás-Sábado, Joaquín; Balaguer, Albert

    2011-08-01

    It is common for patients who are faced with physical or psychological suffering, particularly those in the advanced stages of a disease, to have some kind of wish to hasten death (WTHD). This paper reviews and summarises the current state of knowledge about the WTHD among people with end-stage disease, doing so from a clinical perspective and on the basis of published clinical research. Studies were identified through a search strategy applied to the main scientific databases. Clinical studies show that the WTHD has a multi-factor aetiology. The literature review suggests-perhaps in line with better management of physical pain-that psychological and spiritual aspects, including social factors, are the most important cause of such a wish. One of the difficulties facing clinical research is the lack of terminological and conceptual precision in defining the construct. Indeed, studies frequently blur the distinction between a generic wish to die, a WTDH (whether sporadic or persistent over time), the explicit expression of a wish to die, and a request for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide. A notable contribution to knowledge in this field has been made by scales designed to evaluate the WTHD, although the problems of conceptual definition may once again limit the conclusions, which can be drawn from the results. Studies using qualitative methodology have also provided new information that can help in understanding such wishes. Further clinical research is needed to provide a complete understanding of this phenomenon and to foster the development of suitable care plans. PMID:20821377

  9. The potential of multivariate analysis in assessing students' attitude to curriculum subjects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Gaotlhobogwe; Janet Laugharne; Isabelle Durance

    2011-01-01

    Background:?Understanding student attitudes to curriculum subjects is central to providing evidence-based options to policy makers in education.Purpose:?We illustrate how quantitative approaches used in the social sciences and based on multivariate analysis (categorical Principal Components Analysis, Clustering Analysis and General Linear Modelling), can complement qualitative analysis to support this need.Sample:?Our example involved an attitude survey of 128 students from five high

  10. Deaths associated with exposure to fumigants in railroad cars--United States.

    PubMed

    1994-07-15

    Multiple incidents of illness and death following exposure to fumigated agricultural products in railroad cars have been reported by several states along the U.S.-Mexico border. From 1989 through 1993, the Texas Department of Health identified three incidents involving 11 exposed persons, resulting in two deaths. The California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Pesticide Regulation, recorded two deaths in fumigated boxcars in 1989. This report summarizes the two most recent fatal incidents. PMID:8022394

  11. Sentencing the Mentally Retarded to Death: An Eighth Amendment Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John H. Blume; David Bruck

    1988-01-01

    Today, on death rows across the United States, sit a number of men with the minds of children. These people are mentally retarded. Typical of these individuals is Limmie Arthur, who currently is imprisoned at Central Correctional Institution in Columbia, South Carolina. Although Arthur is twenty-eight years old, all the mental health professionals who have evaluated him, including employees of

  12. Advertising to Italian English Bilinguals in Australia: Attitudes and Response to Language Selection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santello, Marco

    2015-01-01

    This article explores attitudes and response to language selection in advertising targeting Italian bilinguals who belong to a defined speech community. The research builds upon (i) research on multilingual advertising by investigating its attitudinal correlates, and (ii) studies on advertising to bilinguals through the verification of the…

  13. Self-attitude awareness training: An aid to effective performance in microgravity and virtual environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parker, Donald E.; Harm, D. L.; Florer, Faith L.

    1993-01-01

    This paper describes ongoing development of training procedures to enhance self-attitude awareness in astronaut trainees. The procedures are based on observations regarding self-attitude (perceived self-orientation and self-motion) reported by astronauts. Self-attitude awareness training is implemented on a personal computer system and consists of lesson stacks programmed using Hypertalk with Macromind Director movie imports. Training evaluation will be accomplished by an active search task using the virtual Spacelab environment produced by the Device for Orientation and Motion Environments Preflight Adaptation Trainer (DOME-PAT) as well as by assessment of astronauts' performance and sense of well-being during orbital flight. The general purpose of self-attitude awareness training is to use as efficiently as possible the limited DOME-PAT training time available to astronauts prior to a space mission. We suggest that similar training procedures may enhance the performance of virtual environment operators.

  14. Public attitudes to GM foods. The balancing of risks and gains.

    PubMed

    Hudson, John; Caplanova, Anetta; Novak, Marcel

    2015-09-01

    In the paper we study the variables influencing attitudes to the use of two biotechnologies related to gene transfer within apples. Using Eurobarometer 73.1 survey data on biotechnology, science and technology, with 15,650 respondents, we study the extent these attitudes are determined by socio-economic and other variables. We found that attitudes to the risks and gains are determined by socio-economic variables and also by the individual's knowledge, scientific background, their parent's education in science and their religion. Perceptions of naturalness and of environmental impact combined with perceived risks and gains in determining overall approval, proxied by views on whether the technologies should be encouraged, for GMTs. However there are substantial differences in attitudes to transgenesis and cisgenesis. PMID:26026248

  15. Attitudes towards those bereaved by a suicide: a population-based, cross-sectional study in rural Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sachiko Minamizono; Yutaka Motohashi; Masako Yamaji; Yoshihiro Kaneko

    2008-01-01

    Background  Family or friends bereaved by suicide are at risk of experiencing complications because of attitudes regarding suicide. It\\u000a is important that individuals close to those grieving after a death by suicide demonstrate adequate knowledge and compassionate\\u000a attitudes. To this end, we examined the factors that contribute to attitudes toward persons bereaved by the suicide of a family\\u000a member or friend,

  16. Exploring Latino College Students' Sexual Behaviors in Relation to Their Sexual Attitudes, Religiousness, and Spirituality.

    PubMed

    Luquis, Raffy R; Brelsford, Gina M; Pérez, Miguel A

    2015-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity, spirituality, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors among Latino and non-Latino college students. The sample included 230 undergraduate college students enrolled at a mid-sized University in the western USA. Sexual behaviors among Latinos were significantly correlated with sexual attitudes and spiritual disclosure in close relationships. However, sexual behaviors for non-Latino respondents were only significantly related to sexual attitudes, not indices of religiousness or spirituality. Sexual educators, health educators, college-level instructors, and counselors can use these results to help Latino and non-Latino students alike understand the relationship between their religious and spiritual beliefs, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors. PMID:25160613

  17. A New Framework to Evaluate the Quality of a Neonatal Death

    PubMed Central

    Steward, Deborah K.

    2013-01-01

    Management of the infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) focuses on stabilization and survival but sometimes death is an inevitable outcome. Dying neonates deserve a good death. It is unknown whether we are providing neonates with a good death. This article introduces a framework describing components needed for a good death in the NICU. Initially based on an adult model, this new framework incorporates appropriate components of Emanuel and Emanuel’s framework (1998) and puts them into a context applicable to neonates. The proposed concepts and relationships will require future testing and revision as indicated by the evidence. PMID:24593007

  18. Sensation seeking and attitudes to aspects of national parks: a preliminary empirical investigation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graeme Galloway; Karla Lopez

    1999-01-01

    This article reports the results of an exploratory study concerning the relationship between the personality construct “sensation seeking”, operationalized in terms of Arnett’s (1994, Personality and Individual Differences, 16(2), 289–296) Inventory, and attitudes to various aspects of national parks. Significant relationships were observed between scores on the Intensity subscale of the Inventory and attitudes to visiting remote parks, structured tours,

  19. Quality Control Issues Relating to an Attitude Determination System using a Multi-Antenna GPS array

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Moore; Chris Rizos; Jinling Wang

    A multi-antenna GPS array has been used by many researchers and in practise and to determine the attitude parameters of a mobile platform. At the heart of high accuracy real-time GPS-based attitude determination is the quick and correct resolution of the carrier phase ambiguities. So far the majority of research has focused on improving the time-to-ambiguity resolution, and in improving

  20. Deaths and tumours among rotogravure printers exposed to toluene.

    PubMed Central

    Svensson, B G; Nise, G; Englander, V; Attewell, R; Skerfving, S; Möller, T

    1990-01-01

    A cohort of 1020 rotogravure printers exposed to toluene and employed for a minimum period of three months in eight plants during 1925-85 was studied. Air levels of toluene were available since 1943 in one plant and since 1969 in most. Based on these measurements and on present concentrations of toluene in blood and subcutaneous fat, the yearly average air levels in each plant were estimated. They reached a maximum of about 450 ppm in the 1940s and 1950s but were only about 30 ppm by the mid-1980s. Exposure to benzene had occurred up to the beginning of the 1960s. Compared with regional rates, total mortality did not increase during the observation period 1952-86 (129 observed deaths v 125 expected; SMR = 1.03). There was no increase in mortality from non-malignant diseases of the lungs, nervous system, or gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. There was no overall excess of tumours 1958-85 (68 v 54, SMR = 1.26; 95% confidence interval, CI = 0.95-1.7). Among the specific cancers, only those of the respiratory tract were significantly increased (16 v 9; SMR = 1.76, CI = 1.03-2.9). Statistical significance was not attained, however, when only subjects with an exposure period of at least five years and a latency period of at least 10 years were considered. Further, there were no dose response relations with cumulated toluene dose (ppm years). There were no significant increases of tumours at other sites, including leukaemias/lymphomas/myelomas. PMID:2378814

  1. Bax-induced cell death in tobacco is similar to the hypersensitive response

    PubMed Central

    Lacomme, Christophe; Santa Cruz, Simon

    1999-01-01

    Bax, a death-promoting member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins, triggered cell death when expressed in plants from a tobacco mosaic virus vector. Analysis of Bax deletion mutants demonstrated a requirement for the BH1 and BH3 domains in promoting rapid cell death, whereas deletion of the carboxyl-terminal transmembrane domain completely abolished the lethality of Bax in plants. The phenotype of cell death induced by Bax closely resembled the hypersensitive response induced by wild-type tobacco mosaic virus in tobacco plants carrying the N gene. The cell death-promoting function of Bax in plants correlated with accumulation of the defense-related protein PR1, suggesting Bax activated an endogenous cell-death program in plants. In support of this view, both N gene- and Bax-mediated cell death was blocked by okadaic acid, an inhibitor of protein phosphatase activity. The ability of Bax to induce cell death and a defense reaction in plants suggests that some features of animal and plant cell death processes may be shared. PMID:10393929

  2. Estimation of the Attitude Perturbance Using Parallax Imagery - Application to ZY-3 Satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Z.; Xu, Y.; Wang, F.; Liu, S.; Tang, X.; Li, L.; Xie, J.; Tong, X.

    2015-03-01

    The inflight stability of the earth observation satellite is a significant factor having an influence on the geometric performance of its imagery. The estimation of the attitude perturbance is therefore indispensable to spaceborne photogrammetry application. In this paper, an experiment using a short strip of multispectral images obtained from ZY-3 satellite is conducted. The detection method for attitude perturbance based on parallax observation is adopted, while a novel approach of estimating the attitude perturbance angles from the perturbance caused image displacements is also proposed and demonstrated. The estimated results indicate that the ZY-3 satellite was affected by considerable perturbances with distinctive frequencies during the flight of the investigated images, and attitude perturbances hava also undermined the geometric performance of the acquired imagery.

  3. The Relationship between University Students' Attitude to Listening to Music and Their Level of Optimism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksoy, Nil

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the relationship between university students' attitude to listening to music and their level of optimism. The study group for the research consists of 508 students who studied at Aksaray University in the 2012-13 academic year. Simple random sampling is used. In this study, the "Attitude Scale for…

  4. Using indigenous proverbs to understand social knowledge and attitudes to leprosy among the Yoruba of southwest Nigeria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bassey Ebenso; Gbenga Adeyemi; Adegboyega O. Adegoke; Nick Emmel

    2012-01-01

    Following a systematic analysis of 23 proverbs obtained from ethnographic research and from literature searches, this article presents the cultural knowledge and attitudes about leprosy in Yorubaland, southwest Nigeria. Our analysis indicates that contrary to fragmentary evidence portraying Yoruba attitudes to leprosy as entirely negative, there is a mixed pattern of social responses to leprosy which range from drastic exclusion

  5. Student Attitudes towards Using Culturally-Oriented Educational Games to Improve Programming Proficiency: An Exploratory Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phaedra Mohammed; Permanand Mohan

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study investigates student attitudes towards culturally-oriented educational games for practicing computer\\u000a programming, where the mainstream culture appeals to all of the students irrespective of their cultural background. We show\\u000a that a shared appreciation of culture along the lines of humour promotes positive student attitude towards culturally-aware\\u000a game based learning which in turn is useful for developing proficiency in

  6. Attitudes of Higher Education students to new venture creation: a preliminary approach to the Portuguese case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aurora A. C. Teixeira; Todd Davey

    2008-01-01

    Institutions of higher education have an important role in the generation of high tech ‘entrepreneurial capacity’. Being entrepreneurship in Portugal an emergent phenomenon there is an urgent need to better understand and develop this area not only by analysing the ‘supply side’ (i.e., the courses taught in this field) but also the ‘demand side’, that is, the attitudes of students,

  7. Necropsy as a means to gain additional information about causes of dairy cow deaths.

    PubMed

    Thomsen, P T; Dahl-Pedersen, K; Jensen, H E

    2012-10-01

    High mortality among dairy cows constitutes a problem both financially and in relation to animal welfare. Knowledge about causes of death is a fundamental step toward reducing cow mortality. Several studies have evaluated causes of dairy cow deaths. However, the vast majority of studies describing causes of death are based on questionnaires with farmers or veterinarians. It is uncertain to what degree such information is sufficient and reflects the true cause of death or euthanasia. In this study, proximate causes of death were evaluated based on a thorough necropsy of a random sample of 79 Danish dairy cows at an incineration plant. The necropsy was combined with information about the farmer's perception regarding the cause of death and information about disease treatments from the Danish Cattle Database. Pneumonia and locomotor disorders were found to be the most predominant proximate causes of death. Often the death occurred after a prolonged period during which the cow suffered several different disorders, even though this was often not noticed by the farmer. Causes of death stated by the farmers agreed with the necropsy results in 50 to 64% of cases. Information about disease treatments from the Danish Cattle Database agreed with the necropsy results in 34 to 39% of cases. All 3 sources of information about cause of death agreed in only 1 out of 4 cases, and even when the farmer and the disease recordings did agree with the necropsy results, the latter often gave additional information about the cause of death. In many situations, therefore, a necropsy may be a valuable tool when trying to control excessive cow mortality in a herd. PMID:22863092

  8. Civil death in early modern Europe from Jack Cade to Luther, Hamlet, and Raleigh

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brady J Spangenberg

    2011-01-01

    Civil death is a legal designation used to nullify a malefactor's social presence or body (corpus politicum), even if his or her natural body continues to exist. Civil death occurs in two main contexts, one criminal and the other religious. In both cases the affected individual's public or civil existence was understood to have \\

  9. How to Live? What We Can Learn from Ivan Ilych's Death

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felps, Maryann

    2012-01-01

    Near the first of every school year, the author has the opportunity to talk to her students about death, usually in the midst of their study of "Beowulf" or "Gilgamesh." Occasionally, the discussion results from the recent news of the death of a public figure or, closer to home, a family member. Regardless of the circumstance, her students learn…

  10. Attitudes about Food

    E-print Network

    Baker, Nicole Alexis

    2012-10-19

    Approximately 18% of adolescents are obese. Attitudes about Food is a cross sectional study that seeks to identify lifestyle factors associated with adolescent obesity such as fast food consumption, physical activity, attitudes about fast food...

  11. Attitudes about Food 

    E-print Network

    Baker, Nicole Alexis

    2012-10-19

    Approximately 18% of adolescents are obese. Attitudes about Food is a cross sectional study that seeks to identify lifestyle factors associated with adolescent obesity such as fast food consumption, physical activity, attitudes about fast food...

  12. Death Rates

    Cancer.gov

    Close Window State Cancer Profiles Quick Reference Guides ? Quick Reference Guides Index Death Rates Send to Printer Text description of this image. Site Home Policies Accessibility Viewing Files FOIA Contact Us U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

  13. Death Receptor Signaling Giving Life to Ectodermal Organs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Irma Thesleff (Institute of Biotechnology at University of Helsinki; Developmental Biology Program REV)

    2002-05-07

    A new tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathway has been identified that has an important function in the regulation of embryonic development. Three key components of this pathway are previously unknown proteins: the TNF ligand ectodysplasin (also known as EDA), its death domain-containing receptor EDAR, and the death domain adapter molecule EDARADD. This pathway was discovered and delineated through the cloning of genes that cause human hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) syndromes and by analysis of the corresponding mouse mutants (Tabby, downless, and crinkled) showing defects in hair, teeth, and several exocrine glands. EDAR signaling is mediated by the activation of nuclear factor kappa B, but other downstream targets are not known. Ectodysplasin-EDAR signaling mediates cell interactions within the ectoderm and regulates the initiation and morphogenesis of hair and teeth. It is also necessary for the development of fish scales, indicating that this pathway and its function have been conserved during the evolution of ectodermal organs.

  14. Course of Near-hanging Victims Succumbed to Death: A Seven Year Study

    PubMed Central

    Mugadlimath, Anand B.; Zine, K.U.; Farooqui, Jamebaseer M.; Phalke, Balaji J.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Near hanging refers to victims who survive a hanging injury following attempted hanging, long enough to reach hospital. Delayed deaths in near hanging patients are mostly due to complication of hanging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the demographics, mortality patterns and cause of delayed deaths in near hanging victims. Materials and Methods: In this study autopsy files over a seven year period from 2007 to 2013 were reviewed, and data of near hanging deaths (attempted hanging cases who succumbed to death and subjected for medicolegal autopsy) was extracted. Records of 14,000 autopsies was reviewed, and 10 deceased having died delayed deaths after near hanging episode were identified. In each case, the patients’ details, including gender, age, type of suspension, type of ligature material used for hanging and subsequent hanging mark produced were reviewed using autopsy reports and photographs taken during autopsy. Results: Demographic and pathological aspects of the each case discussed to throw light on autopsy findings in victims who died following near hanging. Complete suspension was present in 3 cases, while partial suspension was present in 7 cases. Survivals in delayed death after near hanging episode have ranged from 9 h to 72 d. Hypoxic encephalopathy was the most common cause of death, followed by pneumonia. Conclusion: Most of the near hanging patients did succumb to hypoxic encephalopathy; however, consolidation of lungs (pneumonia) was the next common cause of death reflecting need for aggressive oxygen therapy and selective resuscitation should be performed in all such cases. PMID:25954634

  15. Parents' Responses to the Death of Adult Children from Accidents and Cancer: A Comparison.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shanfield, Stephen B.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Compared parents (N=40) whose adult children died in traffic accidents to parents (N=24) whose adult children died of cancer. Cancer parents tended to experience loss less painfully than did accident parents. Differences between groups were explained by older age of children at death and less intense expression of grief. Circumstances of death

  16. Pastoral concern in relation to the psychological stress caused by the death of an animal companion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth Brown

    2006-01-01

    The place that animals occupy in relation to humans is considered, noting the close relationship and emotional attachment which exists between humans and their pet\\/animal companions. The psychological stress, bereavement, and grief experienced upon the death of an animal companion with whom an emotional attachment had taken place are explored. Pastoral implications in relation to the death are considered, and

  17. Death, politics, and ethics in nineteenth-century Britain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bok-ki Lee

    2003-01-01

    This study investigates a relationship between the nineteenth-century attitude toward death and its ethico-political implications through reading a cultural event and literary works. The nineteenth-century attitude toward death, “beautiful death” named by Philippe Aries, has two main characteristics, beautification of dead bodies and death itself, and the elimination of death in the living world. In the political area, beautification of

  18. Death's Midwife.

    PubMed

    Jaffe, Sharon

    2003-01-01

    SUMMARY Ritual provided a way for Nance, her lesbian family, and her birth family to care for each other during Nance's diagnosis and death of cancer. "Death's Midwife" tells of the Tuesday night healing rituals and some of the rituals during Nance's dying days. The survivors used ritual in grief and in the memorial service; however, once Nance died the ritual circle fragmented. This short memoir examines how lesbian-created ritual centered, for a while, a lesbian family and community. PMID:24815891

  19. Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Fifth Science Symposium Novel Approaches to SOD Management in California

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Proceedings of the Sudden Oak Death Fifth Science Symposium 99 Novel Approaches to SOD Management. Quinn-Davidson,2 C. Lee,2 E. Goldsworthy,2 and P. Cannon3 Abstract In California, sudden oak death (SOD careful collaboration from the beginning. The pathogen was initially detected through stream sampling near

  20. Franklin County, Ohio Deceased Child Review System. Working To Eliminate Preventable Child Deaths. 1992 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schirner, Pamela; Griggs, Harry

    In 1988, Franklin County (Ohio) Children Services (FCCS) initiated the development of a bi-level, community-based, multi-disciplinary process to review all deaths of children in its open caseload, as well as child deaths in families with which FCCS had contact in the previous 12 months. This report examines the work of the Deceased Child Review…

  1. The Meaning that Young Israeli Adults Ascribe to the Least Undesirable Death

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leichtentritt, Ronit D.

    2004-01-01

    The study examines descriptions by 14 Israeli young adults of the least undesirable death. The transcripts of essays and interviews were analyzed by phenomenological methods to determine themes and interpret their synthesis into the essence of the phenomenon. The least undesirable death was perceived as multi-dimensional, based on 4 themes: the…

  2. Use of hair testing to determine methadone exposure in pediatric deaths.

    PubMed

    Tournel, Gilles; Pollard, Jocelyn; Humbert, Luc; Wiart, Jean-François; Hédouin, Valéry; Allorge, Delphine

    2014-09-01

    A case of death attributed to methadone acute poisoning in an infant aged 11 months is reported. A sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was suspected, whereas a traumatic cause of death was excluded regarding autopsy findings. Specimens were submitted to a large toxicological analysis, which included ethanol measurement by HS-GC-FID, a targeted screening for drugs of abuse and various prescription drug classes followed by quantification using UPLC-MS/MS methods. Methadone and its metabolite (EDDP) were detected in all the tested fluids, as well as in hair, with a blood concentration of methadone considered as lethal for children (73 ng/mL). The cause of death was determined to be acute "methadone poisoning", and the manner of death was "accidental". A discussion of the case circumstances, the difficulties with the interpretation of toxicological findings in children (blood concentration and hair testing), and the origin of exposure are discussed. PMID:24588273

  3. Nurses' Attitudes towards Alcoholics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Speer, Rita D.

    Nurses' attitudes toward the alcoholic can have a profound impact on the person suffering from alcoholism. These attitudes can affect the alcoholic's care and even whether the alcoholic chooses to recover. This study investigated attitudes of approximately 68 nurses employed in hospitals, 49 nurses in treatment facilities, 58 nursing students, and…

  4. Exploring associations between exposure to sexy online self-presentations and adolescents' sexual attitudes and behavior.

    PubMed

    van Oosten, Johanna M F; Peter, Jochen; Boot, Inge

    2015-05-01

    Previous research suggests that adolescents' social network site use is related to their sexual development. However, the associations between adolescents' exposure to sexy self-presentations of others on social network sites and their sexual attitudes and experience have not yet been empirically supported. This study investigated reciprocal longitudinal relationships between adolescents' exposure to others' sexy self-presentations on social network sites and their sexual attitudes (i.e., sexual objectification of girls and instrumental attitudes towards sex) and sexual experience. We further tested whether these associations depended on adolescents' age and gender. Results from a representative two-wave panel study among 1,636 Dutch adolescents (aged 13-17, 51.5 % female) showed that exposure to sexy online self-presentations of others predicted changes in adolescents' experience with oral sex and intercourse 6 months later, but did not influence their sexual attitudes. Adolescents' instrumental attitudes towards sex, in turn, did predict their exposure to others' sexy online self-presentations. Sexual objectification increased such exposure for younger adolescents, but decreased exposure for older adolescents. In addition, adolescents' experience with genital touching as well as oral sex (only for adolescents aged 13-15) predicted their exposure to sexy self-presentations of others. These findings tentatively suggest that the influence on adolescents' sexual attitudes previously found for sexual media content may not hold for sexy self-presentations on social network sites. However, exposure to sexy self-presentations on social network sites is motivated by adolescents' sexual attitudes and behavior, especially among young adolescents. PMID:25287000

  5. Inhibition of glucose metabolism sensitizes tumor cells to death receptor-triggered apoptosis through enhancement of death-inducing signaling complex formation and apical procaspase-8 processing.

    PubMed

    Muñoz-Pinedo, Cristina; Ruiz-Ruiz, Carmen; Ruiz de Almodóvar, Carmen; Palacios, Carmen; López-Rivas, Abelardo

    2003-04-11

    Tumors display a high rate of glucose uptake and glycolysis. We investigated how inhibition of glucose metabolism could affect death receptor-mediated apoptosis in human tumor cells of diverse origin. We show that both substitution of glucose for pyruvate and treatment with 2-deoxyglucose enhanced apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, CD95 agonistic antibody, and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Inhibition of glucose metabolism enhanced killing of myeloid leukemia U937, cervical carcinoma HeLa, and breast carcinoma MCF-7 cells upon death receptor ligation. Caspase activation, mitochondrial depolarization, and cytochrome c release were increased under these conditions. Glucose deprivation-mediated sensitization to apoptosis was prevented in MCF-7 cells overexpressing BCL-2. Interestingly, the human B-lymphoblastoid cell line SKW6.4, a prototype for mitochondria-independent death receptor-induced apoptosis, was also sensitized to anti-CD95 and TRAIL-induced apoptosis under glucose-free conditions. Changes in c-FLIP(L) and cFLIPs levels were observed in some but not all the cell lines studied following glucose deprivation. Glucose deprivation enhanced death receptor-triggered formation of death-inducing signaling complex and early processing of procaspase-8. Altogether, these results suggest that the glycolytic pathway may be an important target for therapeutic intervention to sensitize tumor cells to selectively toxic soluble death ligands or death ligand-expressing cells of the immune system by facilitating the activation of initiator caspase-8. PMID:12556444

  6. Development of an Attitude Scale to Assess K-12 Teachers' Attitudes toward Nanotechnology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lan, Yu-Ling

    2012-01-01

    To maximize the contributions of nanotechnology to this society, at least 60 countries have put efforts into this field. In Taiwan, a government-funded K-12 Nanotechnology Programme was established to train K-12 teachers with adequate nanotechnology literacy to foster the next generation of Taiwanese people with sufficient knowledge in…

  7. Attitudes about prescribing take-home naloxone to injection drug users for the management of heroin overdose: a survey of street-recruited injectors in the San Francisco Bay Area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen H. Seal; Moher Downing; Alex H. Kral; Shannon Singleton-Banks; Jon-Paul Hammond; Jennifer Lorvick; Dan Ciccarone; Brian R. Edlin

    2003-01-01

    Naloxone, an injectable opiate antagonist, can immediately reverse an opiate overdose and prevent overdose death. We sought\\u000a to determine injection drug users’ (IDUs) attitudes about being prescribed take-home naloxone. During November 1999 to February\\u000a 2000, we surveyed 82 street-recruited IDUs from the San Francisco Bay Area of California who had experienced one or more heroin\\u000a overdose events. We used a

  8. Deaths due to hanging among adolescents - A 10-year retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Bhosle, S H; Zanjad, N P; Dake, M D; Godbole, H V

    2015-01-01

    The present study was carried out to analyze various factors associated with death due to hanging among adolescents and to identify the areas of intervention for preventing such deaths. A retrospective study was carried out on 51 cases of adolescent deaths due to hanging, the autopsies of which were conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine, Dr Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College, Nanded, Maharashtra State (India), during the period between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2010. In the present study, death by hanging among the adolescent age group was most commonly suicidal (96.08%) in nature, and only two (3.92%) cases of deaths due to accidental hanging were observed. Of the total number of suicidal deaths due to hanging among adolescents, the majority (80.39%) were among the older adolescent (15-19 years) age group. Rope and clothing items were commonly used ligature materials for committing suicide by hanging. Females outnumbered male victims (M:F ratio 1:1.13) among adolescents, contrary to the male preponderance observed among victims of the older age group (M:F ratio 1:0.44). Most of the suicidal deaths due to hanging (83.67%) among adolescents were observed at the victims' home. The predisposing and precipitating factors observed were domestic strife, examination-related stress, and physical and psychological illness. PMID:25572082

  9. Fetal Deaths and Proximity to Hazardous Waste Sites in Washington State

    PubMed Central

    Mueller, Beth A.; Kuehn, Carrie M.; Shapiro-Mendoza, Carrie K.; Tomashek, Kay M.

    2007-01-01

    Background The in utero period is one of increased susceptibility to environmental effects. The effects of prenatal exposure to environmental toxicants on various adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal death, are not well understood. Objective We examined the risk of fetal death in relation to maternal residential proximity to hazardous waste sites. Methods We conducted a population-based case–control study using Washington State vital records for 1987–2001. Cases were women with fetal deaths at ? 20 weeks (n = 7,054). Ten controls per case were randomly selected from live births. Locations of 939 hazardous waste sites were identified from the Department of Ecology registry. We measured distance from maternal residence at delivery to the nearest hazardous waste site, and calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results The risk of fetal death for women residing ? 0.5 miles, relative to > 5 miles, from a hazardous waste site was not increased (adjusted OR = 1.06; 95% CI, 0.90–1.25). No associations were observed for any proximity categories ? 5 miles from sites with contaminated air, soil, water, solvents, or metals; however, fetal death risk increased among women residing ? 1 mile from pesticide-containing sites (OR = 1.28; 95% CI, 1.13–1.46). Conclusion These results do not suggest that fetal death is associated with residential proximity to hazardous waste sites overall; however, close proximity to pesticide-containing sites may increase the risk of fetal death. PMID:17520067

  10. Gender Role Attitudes across the Transition to Adolescent Motherhood in Mexican-Origin Families.

    PubMed

    Toomey, Russell B; Updegraff, Kimberly A; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J; Jahromi, Laudan B

    2015-06-01

    Using longitudinal data collected at four time points from 191 dyads of Mexican-origin adolescent first-time mothers and their mother figures, we examined changes in and socialization of traditional gender role attitudes across the transition to parenthood using latent growth curve modeling and actor-partner interdependence modeling. Longitudinal growth models indicated that, regardless of nativity status, adolescent mothers' and their foreign-born mother figures' gender role attitudes became more egalitarian across adolescents' transition to parenthood, spanning from the 3rd trimester of pregnancy to 36 months postpartum. Furthermore, actor-partner interdependence modeling suggested that adolescents' and their mother figures' gender role attitudes during adolescents' third trimester of pregnancy equally contributed to subsequent increases in one another's gender role attitudes at 10 months postpartum. Importantly, this reciprocal socialization process was not moderated by adolescent mothers' nor by their mother figures' nativity status. Findings suggest that it is important to understand the cultural and intergenerational family processes that contribute to the development of gender role attitudes during the transition to parenthood for adolescent mothers and their mother figures in Mexican-origin families. PMID:25615441

  11. Psychology and death. Meaningful rediscovery.

    PubMed

    Feifel, H

    1990-04-01

    The place of death in psychology is reviewed historically. Leading causes for its being slighted as an area of investigation during psychology's early years are presented. Reasons for its rediscovery in the mid-1950s as a legitimate sector for scientific inquiry are then discussed, along with some vicissitudes encountered in carrying out research in the field. This is followed by a description of principal empirical findings, clinical perceptions, and perspectives emerging from work in the thanatological realm. The probability that such urgent social issues as abortion, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and euthanasia, and such destructive behaviors as drug abuse, alcoholism, and certain acts of violence are associated with attitudes toward death offers a challenge to psychology to enhance the vitality of human response to maladaptive conduct and loss. Recognition of personal mortality is a major entryway to self-knowledge. Although death is manifestly too complex to be the special sphere of any one discipline, psychology's position as an arena in which humanist and physicist-engineer cultures intersect provides us with a meaningful opportunity to advance our comprehension of how death can serve life. PMID:2186680

  12. Mortality and causes of death among workers exposed to phosgene in 1943-45.

    PubMed

    Polednak, A P; Hollis, D R

    1985-10-01

    Mortality and causes of death from death certificates were analyzed among workers exposed to phosgene while working at a uranium-processing plant in Tennessee in 1943-45. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated by using death rates for U.S. white males. As of 1979, SMRs for all causes and for various selected causes were similar in 694 male chemical workers chronically exposed to low levels of phosgene in 1943-45 and in 9280 male controls who worked at the same plant. SMRs for diseases of the respiratory system were 107 (14 observed vs. 13.07 expected) in the chemical workers and 119 (292 observed vs. 245.75 expected) in the controls. In a group of 106 males who were acutely exposed to high levels of phosgene, there were 41 deaths observed vs. 33.87 expected (SMR = 121; 95% confidence limits = 86 and 165). One death, occurring within 24 hours of exposure, was from pulmonary edema due to phosgene poisoning (coded to "accidental causes"). Five deaths were coded to diseases of the respiratory system (SMR = 266; 95% CL = 86 and 622); in 2 of these 5 deaths, "bronchitis" due to phosgene exposure had been reported in 1945. Among 91 female workers with acute high-level phosgene exposure, frequencies of symptoms and early health effects (pneumonitis and bronchitis) differed from those reported for the 106 male cases; preliminary data on vital status of these females are too incomplete for analysis, and further follow-up is needed. PMID:3842187

  13. Mortality and causes of death among workers exposed to phosgene in 1943-45

    SciTech Connect

    Polednak, A.P.; Hollis, D.R.

    1985-10-01

    Mortality and causes of death from death certificates were analyzed among workers exposed to phosgene while working at a uranium-processing plant in Tennessee in 1943-45. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated by using death rates for U.S. white males. As of 1979, SMRs for all causes and for various selected causes were similar in 694 male chemical workers chronically exposed to low levels of phosgene in 1943-45 and in 9280 male controls who worked at the same plant. SMRs for diseases of the respiratory system were 107 (14 observed vs. 13.07 expected) in the chemical workers and 119 (292 observed vs. 245.75 expected) in the controls. In a group of 106 males who were acutely exposed to high levels of phosgene, there were 41 deaths observed vs. 33.87 expected (SMR = 121; 95% confidence limits = 86 and 165). One death, occurring within 24 hours of exposure, was from pulmonary edema due to phosgene poisoning (coded to accidental causes). Five deaths were coded to diseases of the respiratory system (SMR = 266; 95% CL = 86 and 622); in 2 of these 5 deaths, bronchitis due to phosgene exposure had been reported in 1945. Among 91 female workers with acute high-level phosgene exposure, frequencies of symptoms and early health effects (pneumonitis and bronchitis) differed from those reported for the 106 male cases; preliminary data on vital status of these females are too incomplete for analysis, and further follow-up is needed.

  14. [Attitudes, communication and family planning: a conceptual framework applicable to Rwanda].

    PubMed

    Nsengimana, D; Ndinkabandi, E

    1991-08-01

    An important objective of Rwanda's National Office of Population (ONAPO) is to study psychosocial and cultural variables that encourage or impede family planning use and to define effective communication strategies based on them that can be carried out by ONAPO promoters. The definition and measurement of such variables are discussed in terms of theories of attitude changes and communication. Attitude is a hypothetical construction inferred from opinions and expressive behavior. The concept of attitude has 3 dimensions, the cognitive-evaluative, the affective-emotional, and the behavioral. The affective-emotional dimension is considered the most important by many theoreticians of attitude change. A basic characteristic of attitudes is stability. Communication theory furnishes a model for processes of attitude change, which postulates a source or emitter sending elements of information or messages to a recipient. Feedback from the recipient to the sender allows the efficacy of the message to be assessed and permits the sender to adjust actions until the objective is attained. Feedback is always possible in interpersonal communications between individuals in permanent contact, but becomes more difficult in mass communication. Among the many variables intervening in the formation or change of attitudes toward family planning are sex, age, residence, education, occupation, religion, marital status, and fertility. The psychosocial variables influencing family planning acceptance are at the level of the source, the message, and the recipient. 3 important factors at the level of the source are the credibility, attractiveness, and power or prestige of the source. The message should contain a suggestion that the desired behavior should be adopted and should follow a certain order in presenting information. Factors at the level of the receptor include susceptibility to persuasion, the way in which the message affects the recipient's needs, the selectivity necessary in perceiving the information contained in the message, and the degree of resistance in regard to the message. A 2-stage theory of communication suggests that horizontal communication within small groups is a stronger determinant of attitudes than is verbal communication from authority figures. Communication is the most important factor in all attempts to change attitudes. PMID:12317096

  15. Developing attitude to science education scales for use with primary teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pell, Anthony; Jarvis, Tina

    2003-10-01

    This paper reports the development of attitudes to science and science teaching scales for primary teachers. The investigation is part of a project intended to improve pupil achievement in science in 16 English city schools. The baseline performance of the attitude scales is reported with 76 teachers, half of whom formed a control group. The 49-item attitudes to science teaching scale of Cronbach-alpha reliability 0.96 has sub-scales of practical science teaching and professionalism. The project teachers were less confident of teaching science than teaching the English language. They particularly lacked confidence in teaching physical processes, 'guided discovery' investigations and planning lessons within the National Curriculum as required in English schools. Attitude findings suggest appropriately focused in-service might be successful. Being a promoted teacher with some subject or administrative responsibility tends to lower certain attitudes to effective science teaching. This 'regression upon promotion effect' is speculated to be a consequence of the demands of the English school National Curriculum.

  16. Brief Intervention Impact on Truant Youth Attitudes to School and School Behavior Problems: A Longitudinal Study

    PubMed Central

    Dembo, Richard; Briones-Robinson, Rhissa; Wareham, Jennifer; Winters, Ken C.; Ungaro, Rocío; Schmeidler, James

    2014-01-01

    Truancy continues to be a major problem, affecting most school districts in the U.S. Truancy is related to school dropout, with associated adverse consequences, including unemployment and delinquency. It is important to obtain a more complete picture of truants' educational experience. First, the present study sought to examine the longitudinal growth (increasing/decreasing trend) in truant youths' attitudes toward school and misbehavior in school (disobedience, inappropriate behavior, skipping school). Second, this study focused on examining the impact of a Brief Intervention (BI) targeting the youths’ substance use, as well as socio-demographic and background covariates, on their attitudes toward school and school behavior problems over time. A linear growth model was found to fit the attitudes toward school longitudinal data, suggesting the youths’ attitudes toward school are related across time. An auto-regressive lag model was estimated for each of the school misbehaviors, indicating that, once initiated, youth continued to engage in them. Several socio-demographic covariates effects were found on the youths’ attitudes towards school and school misbehaviors over time. However, no significant, overall BI effects were uncovered. Some statistically significant intervention effects were found at specific follow-up points for some school misbehaviors, but none were significant when applying the Holm procedure taking account of the number of follow-ups. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:25247027

  17. Cellular redox status determines sensitivity to BNIP3-mediated cell death in cardiac myocytes.

    PubMed

    Lee, Youngil; Kubli, Dieter A; Hanna, Rita A; Cortez, Melissa Q; Lee, Hwa-Youn; Miyamoto, Shigeki; Gustafsson, Åsa B

    2015-06-15

    The atypical BH3-only protein Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19-kDa interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) is an important regulator of hypoxia-mediated cell death. Interestingly, the susceptibility to BNIP3-mediated cell death differs between cells. In this study we examined whether there are mechanistic differences in BNIP3-mediated cell death between neonatal and adult cardiac myocytes. We discovered that BNIP3 is a potent inducer of cell death in neonatal myocytes, whereas adult myocytes are remarkably resistant to BNIP3. When exploring the potential underlying basis for the resistance, we discovered that adult myocytes express significantly higher levels of the mitochondrial antioxidant manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) than neonatal myocytes. Overexpression of MnSOD confers resistance to BNIP3-mediated cell death in neonatal myocytes. In contrast, the presence of a pharmacological MnSOD inhibitor, 2-methoxyestradiol, results in increased sensitivity to BNIP3-mediated cell death in adult myocytes. Cotreatment with the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoTEMPO or the MnSOD mimetic manganese (III) tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin chloride abrogates the increased cell death by 2-methoxyestradiol. Moreover, increased oxidative stress also restores the ability of BNIP3 to induce cell death in adult myocytes. Taken together, these data indicate that redox status determines cell susceptibility to BNIP3-mediated cell death. These findings are clinically relevant, given that pediatric hearts are known to be more vulnerable than the adult heart to ischemic injury. Our studies provide important insight into why pediatric hearts are more sensitive to ischemic injury and may help in the clinical management of childhood heart disease. PMID:25810259

  18. Students' Attitudes Toward Cancer: Changes in Medical School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haley, Harold B.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Considered were attitudes toward (1) the patient's inner resources to cope with a serious illness such as cancer, (2) the value of early diagnosis, and (3) the value of aggressive treatment, as well as the belief in immortality and preparation for and acceptance of death. Changes occurred throughout medical school, especially during the clinical…

  19. Principal stratification designs to estimate input data missing due to death

    E-print Network

    Frangakis, Constantine

    Principal stratification designs to estimate input data missing due to death Constantine E missingness. The crucial framework that we use is principal stratification based on the potential outcomes Stratification; Quantum mechanics. #12;1. Introduction. We consider studies that interview cohorts of individuals

  20. Spacecraft Attitude Determination Methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Markley, F. Landis; Bauer, Frank H. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    This document is presentation in viewgraph form, which outlines the methods of determining spacecraft attitude. The presentation reviews several parameterizations relating to spacecraft attitude, such as Euler's Theorem, Rodriques parameters, and Euler-Rodriques parameters or Quaternion. Onboard attitude determination is the norm, using either single frame or filtering methods. The presentation reviews several mathematical representations of attitude. The mechanisms for determining attitude on board the Hubble Space Telescope, the Tropical Rainfall and Measuring Mission and the Solar Anomalous and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer are reviewed. Wahba's problem, Procrustes Problem, and some solutions are also summarized.

  1. Pinhole cameras as sensors for atomic oxygen in orbit: Application to attitude determination of the LDEF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Peters, Palmer N.; Gregory, John C.

    1992-01-01

    Images produced by pinhole cameras using film sensitive to atomic oxygen provide information on the ratio of spacecraft orbital velocity to the most probable thermal speed of oxygen atoms, provided the spacecraft orientation is maintained stable relative to the orbital direction. Alternatively, information on the spacecraft attitude relative to the orbital velocity can be obtained, provided that corrections are properly made for thermal spreading and a corotating atmosphere. The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) orientation, uncorrected for a corotating atmosphere, was determined to be yawed 8.0 +/- 0.4 degrees from its nominal attitude, with an estimated +/- 0.35 degree oscillation in yaw. The integrated effect of inclined orbit and corotating atmosphere produces an apparent oscillation in the observed yaw direction, suggesting that the LDEF attitude measurement will indicate even better stability when corrected for a corotating atmosphere. The measured thermal spreading is consistent with major exposure occurring during high solar activity, which occurred late during the LDEF mission.

  2. Setting Research Priorities to Reduce Almost One Million Deaths from Birth Asphyxia by 2015

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joy E. Lawn; Rajiv Bahl; Staffan Bergstrom; Zulfiqar A. Bhutta; Gary L. Darmstadt; Matthew Ellis; Mike English; Jennifer J. Kurinczuk; Anne C. C. Lee; Mario Merialdi; Mohamed Mohamed; David Osrin; Robert Pattinson; Vinod Paul; Siddarth Ramji; Ola D. Saugstad; Lyn Sibley; Nalini Singhal; Steven N. Wall; Dave Woods; John Wyatt; Kit Yee Chan; Igor Rudan

    2011-01-01

    Joy Lawn and colleagues used a systematic process developed by the Child Health Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) to define and rank research options to reduce mortality from intrapartum-related neonatal deaths (birth asphyxia) by the year 2015.

  3. Verbal Autopsy: Evaluation of Methods to Certify Causes of Death in Uganda

    PubMed Central

    Mpimbaza, Arthur; Filler, Scott; Katureebe, Agaba; Quick, Linda; Chandramohan, Daniel; Staedke, Sarah G.

    2015-01-01

    To assess different methods for determining cause of death from verbal autopsy (VA) questionnaire data, the intra-rater reliability of Physician-Certified Verbal Autopsy (PCVA) and the accuracy of PCVA, expert-derived (non-hierarchical) and data-driven (hierarchal) algorithms were assessed for determining common causes of death in Ugandan children. A verbal autopsy validation study was conducted from 2008-2009 in three different sites in Uganda. The dataset included 104 neonatal deaths (0-27 days) and 615 childhood deaths (1-59 months) with the cause(s) of death classified by PCVA and physician review of hospital medical records (the ‘reference standard’). Of the original 719 questionnaires, 141 (20%) were selected for a second review by the same physicians; the repeat cause(s) of death were compared to the original,and agreement assessed using the Kappa statistic.Physician reviewers’ refined non-hierarchical algorithms for common causes of death from existing expert algorithms, from which, hierarchal algorithms were developed. The accuracy of PCVA, non-hierarchical, and hierarchical algorithms for determining cause(s) of death from all 719 VA questionnaires was determined using the reference standard. Overall, intra-rater repeatability was high (83% agreement, Kappa 0.79 [95% CI 0.76-0.82]). PCVA performed well, with high specificity for determining cause of neonatal (>67%), and childhood (>83%) deaths, resulting in fairly accurate cause-specific mortality fraction (CSMF) estimates. For most causes of death in children, non-hierarchical algorithms had higher sensitivity, but correspondingly lower specificity, than PCVA and hierarchical algorithms, resulting in inaccurate CSMF estimates. Hierarchical algorithms were specific for most causes of death, and CSMF estimates were comparable to the reference standard and PCVA. Inter-rater reliability of PCVA was high, and overall PCVA performed well. Hierarchical algorithms performed better than non-hierarchical algorithms due to higher specificity and more accurate CSMF estimates. Use of PCVA to determine cause of death from VA questionnaire data is reasonable while automated data-driven algorithms are improved. PMID:26086600

  4. Reactions to Death as a Function of Perceived Similarity to the Deceased

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert J.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    This study investigated reactions to the death of a similar or dissimilar person. Results of a viewing time measure indicated that people spent less time viewing the victim's pictures when he was dead and similar. The limitations of the paradigm were discussed. (Author)

  5. Attitudes of the medical profession to whole body and organ donation.

    PubMed

    Green, Connor; Bowden, Dermot; Molony, Diarmuid; Burke, Neil; Felle, Patrick; Dudeney, Sean

    2014-04-01

    Cadaveric dissection remains an important part of undergraduate medical education in anatomy. In a concerted effort to rise the number of doctors in practice in Ireland the amount of medical school placements has been increased steadily since 1995. This poses a problem as the number of cadavers has remained unchanged despite an overall increase in the population Ireland over the last twenty years. The medical profession plays a central part in raising public awareness of living and post-mortem organ donation. Previous studies have examined the attitudes of medical students to whole body donation, however to our knowledge this is the first study that evaluates the attitudes of medical professionals. We assess the opinions of junior and senior doctors at the time of their dissection experience and in their current practice. We show that their attitudes have changed as their clinical experience grows. PMID:23932670

  6. 75 FR 11899 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-12

    ...Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...licenses and any and all permits have been cancelled due to the death of the...

  7. 77 FR 16249 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-20

    ...Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...licenses and any and all permits have been cancelled due to the death of the...

  8. 76 FR 22912 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-25

    ...Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...licenses and any and all permits have been cancelled due to the death of the...

  9. 76 FR 2918 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ...Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...license and any and all permits have been cancelled due to the death of the...

  10. 76 FR 44033 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-22

    ...Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...licenses and any and all permits have been cancelled due to the death of the...

  11. 77 FR 45648 - Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ...Protection Notice of Cancellation of Customs Broker Licenses Due to Death of the License Holder AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...licenses and any and all permits have been cancelled due to the death of the...

  12. Pyroptosis: A Caspase1Dependent Programmed Cell Death and a Barrier to Infection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine Labbé; Maya Saleh

    \\u000a Infection elicits a number of innate protective responses in the host that cooperate to promote effective pathogen clearance.\\u000a Increasingly, the inflammatory response to infection appears to be coupled to cell death as an important mediator of host\\u000a defence. In this chapter we review the modalities of “pyroptosis”, a highly inflammatory form of cell death mediated by the\\u000a inflammasome and caspase-1

  13. Psychological process from hospitalization to death among uninformed terminal liver cancer patients in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Maeda, Yuko; Hagihara, Akihito; Kobori, Eiko; Nakayama, Takeo

    2006-01-01

    Background Although the attitude among doctors toward disclosing a cancer diagnosis is becoming more positive, informing patients of their disease has not yet become a common practice in Japan. We examined the psychological process, from hospitalization until death, among uninformed terminal cancer patients in Japan, and developed a psychological model. Methods Terminal cancer patients hospitalized during the recruiting period voluntarily participated in in-depth interviews. The data were analyzed by grounded theory. Results Of the 87 uninformed participants at the time of hospitalization, 67% (N = 59) died without being informed of their diagnosis. All were male, 51–66 years of age, and all experienced five psychological stages: anxiety and puzzlement, suspicion and denial, certainty, preparation, and acceptance. At the end of each stage, obvious and severe feelings were observed, which were called "gates." During the final acceptance stage, patients spent a peaceful time with family, even talking about their dreams with family members. Conclusion Unlike in other studies, the uninformed patients in this study accepted death peacefully, with no exceptional cases. Despite several limitations, this study showed that almost 70% of the uninformed terminal cancer patients at hospitalization died without being informed, suggesting an urgent need for culturally specific and effective terminal care services for cancer patients in Japan. PMID:16948863

  14. A novel agonistic antibody to human death receptor 4 induces apoptotic cell death in various tumor cells without cytotoxicity in hepatocytes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eun-Sil Sung; Kyung-Jin Park; Seung-Hyun Lee; Yoon-Seon Jang; Sang-Koo Park; Yoo-Hoi Park; Won-Jae Kwag; Myung-Hee Kwon; Yong-Sung Kim

    The proapoptotic tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors death receptor (DR) 4 and DR5 are attractive targets to develop the receptor- specific agonistic monoclonal antibodies (mAb) as anti- cancer agents because of their tumor-selective cell death-inducing activity. Here, we report a novel agonistic mAb, AY4, raised against human DR4 in mice. ELISA anal- ysis revealed that AY4 specifically

  15. An attempt to change attitudes toward the aged by providing information on activity level 

    E-print Network

    Beck, Betty Lee

    1979-01-01

    Lutes Negative attitudes toward the aged may be a result of misconcep- tions about and stereotyping of the aged. The present study invest1gated two ma1n questions. First, do students who perce1ve the aging to be less active also view the aging more...) have reported successfully changing negative atti- tudes toward the aged and aging. The purpose of the present study was to look at perceived loss of physical activity as a factor that contributes to a negative attitude toward aging. Other...

  16. Affirming Life in the Face of Death: Ricoeur's Living Up to Death as a modern ars moriendi and a lesson for palliative care.

    PubMed

    de Lange, Ds Frits

    2014-11-01

    In his posthumously published Living Up to Death Paul Ricoeur left an impressive testimony on what it means to live at a high old age with death approaching. In this article I present him as a teacher who reminds us of valuable lessons taught by patients in palliative care and their caretakers who accompany them on their way to death, and also as a guide in our search for a modern ars moriendi, after--what many at least experience as--the breakdown of traditional religious belief in a personal afterlife. These lessons can be summarized in the following theses. 'Living up to death, one cannot experience one's own death. Therefore, never consider someone dying as moribund'. 'Though everybody is alone in dying, nobody should die alone.' 'The preparation for death is an affirmation of life'. 'Life experienced as a gift can be given up'. The plausibility of the last thesis, however, may go beyond the confines of austere philosophical thinking. PMID:25273333

  17. Plane Passengers' Near-Death Experience Gives Clues to Trauma's Effect on Brain

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Death Experience Gives Clues to Trauma's Effect on Brain Interviews, brain scans of people who thought they might die ... term impact that traumatic events have on the brain. In August of 2001, passengers on Air Transat ...

  18. Identification of Modules Related to Programmed Cell Death in CHD Based on EHEN

    PubMed Central

    Jia, Xu; Miao, Zhengqiang; Feng, Chenchen; Liu, Zhe; He, Yuehan; Lv, Junjie; Du, Youwen; Hou, Min; He, Weiming; Li, Danbin

    2014-01-01

    The formation and death of macrophages and foam cells are one of the major factors that cause coronary heart disease (CHD). In our study, based on the Edinburgh Human Metabolic Network (EHMN) metabolic network, we built an enzyme network which was constructed by enzymes (nodes) and reactions (edges) called the Edinburgh Human Enzyme Network (EHEN). By integrating the subcellular location information for the reactions and refining the protein-reaction relationships based on the location information, we proposed a computational approach to select modules related to programmed cell death. The identified module was in the EHEN-mitochondria (EHEN-M) and was confirmed to be related to programmed cell death, CHD pathogenesis, and lipid metabolism in the literature. We expected this method could analyze CHD better and more comprehensively from the point of programmed cell death in subnetworks. PMID:25133163

  19. Predictive value of attitude, cognitive ability, and personality to science achievement in the middle school

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baker, Dale R.

    This article examines the factors of attitude toward science, spatial ability, mathematical ability, and the scientific personality, as measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, in a sample of middle school students. Males and females with science grades of A and B were found to have several characteristics of the scientific personality, good grades in mathematics, but negative attitudes toward science. Males and females with science grades of C and D had a more positive attitude toward science, but poor mathematical and spatial abilities and few characteristics of the scientific personality. There were no sex differences except on the Thinking/Feeling (TF) scale of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. As expected females portrayed themselves as preferring the (F) scale, the use of personal values when making decisions and males portrayed themselves as preferring the (T) scale, the use of logical analysis when making decisions.

  20. Downregulation of Cu\\/Zn Superoxide Dismutase Leads to Cell Death v& the Nitric Oxide-Peroxynitrite Pathway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol M. Troy; Daniele Derossi; Alain Prochiantz; Lloyd A. Greene; Michael L. Shelanskil

    1996-01-01

    We previously showed that the downregulation of Cu\\/Zn su- peroxide dismutase (SODl) activity in PC12 cells by exposure to an appropriate antisense oligonucleotide causes their apop- totic death. In this report, we used this model to examine the pathways by which SOD1 downregulation leads to death and to compare these pathways with those responsible for death caused by withdrawal of

  1. Sudden death due to anaphylactic shock in a patient with an intact hepatic hydatid cyst.

    PubMed

    Hosseini, Marzieh; Hedjazi, Arya; Bahrami, Ramin

    2014-12-01

    Hydatid disease of the liver is a parasitic infection primarily caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts may remain clinically silent for many years and are often an incidental finding on ultrasonography performed for unrelated reasons. Sudden death due to unrecognized hydatid cysts can occur, and rare case reports of this kind are present in the literature. We present a sudden death due to an intact hydatid cyst in a 13-year-old girl, who had a sudden onset of anaphylactic shock after a blunt abdominal trauma. Sudden death in this case was attributed to anaphylactic shock caused by intravascular spread of the cyst contents. We believe that high intracystic pressure coupled with blunt trauma was the cause of leakage of cystic fluid into the bloodstream. In cases of sudden death in endemic areas, the possibility of a hydatid disease should be taken into consideration, especially if no other cause is evident. PMID:25340647

  2. A new way to detect the danger: Lysosomal cell death induced by a bacterial ribosomal protein

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Wenhan; Luo, Zhao-Qing

    2015-01-01

    The death of immune cells in response to pathogens often dictates the outcome of an infection. In some contexts, pathogens specifically kill immune cells by producing highly potent toxins or by triggering host cell death pathways, thus ensuring successful infections. But for intracellular pathogens and viruses, the death of host cells normally is disastrous for their intracellular life cycle. Our recent experiments with the pathogen Legionella pneumophila revealed that the bacterial ribosomal protein RpsL is able to trigger lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) and the subsequent macrophage cell death. Interestingly, a lysine to arginine mutation at the 88th residue, which also confers resistance to the antibiotic streptomycin, substantially impaired the cell death inducing activity of RpsL and allowed L. pneumophila to succeed in intracellular replication, suggesting the convergence of resistance mechanisms to innate immunity and antibiotics. The discovery of lysosomal cell death as an immune response to a bacterial ligand has expanded the spectrum of reactions that host cells can mount against bacterial infection; these observations provide a model to study the pathways that lead to the induction of LMP, a currently poorly understood cellular process involved in the development of many diseases.

  3. Cause of death among patients with Parkinson's disease: a rare mortality due to cerebral haemorrhage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Iwasaki; Y. Narabayashi; K. Hamaguchi; A. Iwasaki; M. Takakusagi

    1990-01-01

    Causes of death, with special reference to cerebral haemorrhage, among 240 patients with pathologically verified Parkinson's disease were investigated using the Annuals of the Pathological Autopsy Cases in Japan from 1981 to 1985. The leading causes of death were pneumonia and bronchitis (44.1%), malignant neoplasms (11.6%), heart diseases (4.1%), cerebral infarction (3.7%) and septicaemia (3.3%). Cerebral haemorrhage was the 11th

  4. Death threat, death concerns, and paranormal belief

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerome Tobacyk

    1983-01-01

    Relationships among death threat, death concerns, and paranormal beliefs were investigated in a personal construct theory framework. First, the Threat Index measure of death threat and the Paranormal Belief Scale, which provides a measure of degree of belief in each of seven paranormal dimensions, were administered to 78 college students. As hypothesized, one paranormal belief dimension (traditional religious belief) was

  5. The phenomenology of near-death experiences.

    PubMed

    Greyson, B; Stevenson, I

    1980-10-01

    The authors studied retrospectively 78 reports of "near-death experiences using subjects narratives and questionnaires, interviews, and medical records. Prior experiences suggestive of transcendence of death were more common among these subjects than among control populations, but prior experiences suggestive of extrasensory phenomena were less common. Subsequent changes in attitudes were more common than among subjects in other studies who had had psychic experiences. The influence of cultural and psychological factors, sensory deprivation, and reflex adaptive responses to stress explain some but not all of the features of near-death experiences. Their potential value to our conceptualization of dying and to suicide prevention and the care of the terminally ill justifies further investigation. PMID:7416264

  6. A Cross-National Investigation of University Students' Complaining Behaviour and Attitudes to Complaining

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Graham; Phau, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how students from Australia, Indonesia and Malaysia differ in their propensity to complain and attitudes to complaining. Design/methodology/approach: A self-administered questionnaire was designed using established scales to assess respondent reactions to a service failure by a university. The…

  7. Induction of apoptotic cell death leads to the development of bacterial rot caused by Pseudomonas cichorii.

    PubMed

    Kiba, Akinori; Sangawa, Yasutaka; Ohnishi, Kouhei; Yao, Nan; Park, Pyoyun; Nakayashiki, Hitoshi; Tosa, Yukio; Mayama, Shigeyuki; Hikichi, Yasufumi

    2006-02-01

    Pseudomonas cichorii is the major causal agent of bacterial rot of lettuce. Collapse and browning symptoms were observed in lettuce leaf tissue from 15 to 24 h after inoculation (HAI) with P. cichorii; superoxide anion generation was detected at 1 to 6 HAI; and cell death was induced at 6 HAI, reaching a maximum at approximately 9 and 12 HAI. Heterochromatin condensation and DNA laddering also were observed within 3 HAI. Pharmacological studies showed that induction of cell death and DNA laddering was closely associated with de novo protein synthesis, protein kinase, intracellular reactive oxygen species, DNase, serine protease, and caspase III-like protease. Moreover, chemicals, which inhibited the induction of cell death and DNA laddering, also suppressed the development of disease symptoms. These results suggest that apoptotic cell death might be closely associated with the development of bacterial rot caused by P. cichorii. PMID:16529373

  8. Administration of ATRA to newly diagnosed patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia is delayed contributing to early hemorrhagic death.

    PubMed

    Altman, Jessica K; Rademaker, Alfred; Cull, Elizabeth; Weitner, Bing Bing; Ofran, Yishai; Rosenblat, Todd L; Haidau, Augustin; Park, Jae H; Ram, Sharona Lee; Orsini, James M; Sandhu, Sonia; Catchatourian, Rosalind; Trifilio, Steven M; Adel, Nelly G; Frankfurt, Olga; Stein, Eytan M; Mallios, George; Deblasio, Tony; Jurcic, Joseph G; Nimer, Stephen; Peterson, Loann C; Kwaan, Hau C; Rowe, Jacob M; Douer, Dan; Tallman, Martin S

    2013-09-01

    We hypothesized that the high early death rate (EDR) due to bleeding in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is in part attributable to delays in all- trans retinoic acid (ATRA). We conducted a retrospective analysis of the timing of ATRA administration. 204 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed APL between 1992 and 2009 were identified. The EDR was 11%. 44% of early deaths occurred in the first week. Hemorrhage accounted for 61% of early deaths. ATRA was ordered the day APL was suspected in 31% of patients. Delays in ATRA administration led to increases in the percentage of early deaths from hemorrhage. PMID:23768930

  9. Mitochondrial fusion is regulated by Reaper to modulate Drosophila programmed cell death

    PubMed Central

    Thomenius, M; Freel, C D; Horn, S; Krieser, R; Abdelwahid, E; Cannon, R; Balasundaram, S; White, K; Kornbluth, S

    2011-01-01

    In most multicellular organisms, the decision to undergo programmed cell death in response to cellular damage or developmental cues is typically transmitted through mitochondria. It has been suggested that an exception is the apoptotic pathway of Drosophila melanogaster, in which the role of mitochondria remains unclear. Although IAP antagonists in Drosophila such as Reaper, Hid and Grim may induce cell death without mitochondrial membrane permeabilization, it is surprising that all three localize to mitochondria. Moreover, induction of Reaper and Hid appears to result in mitochondrial fragmentation during Drosophila cell death. Most importantly, disruption of mitochondrial fission can inhibit Reaper and Hid-induced cell death, suggesting that alterations in mitochondrial dynamics can modulate cell death in fly cells. We report here that Drosophila Reaper can induce mitochondrial fragmentation by binding to and inhibiting the pro-fusion protein MFN2 and its Drosophila counterpart dMFN/Marf. Our in vitro and in vivo analyses reveal that dMFN overexpression can inhibit cell death induced by Reaper or ?-irradiation. In addition, knockdown of dMFN causes a striking loss of adult wing tissue and significant apoptosis in the developing wing discs. Our findings are consistent with a growing body of work describing a role for mitochondrial fission and fusion machinery in the decision of cells to die. PMID:21475305

  10. Relation of Taser (electrical stun gun) deployment to increase in in-custody sudden deaths.

    PubMed

    Lee, Byron K; Vittinghoff, Eric; Whiteman, Dean; Park, Minna; Lau, Linda L; Tseng, Zian H

    2009-03-15

    Despite controversy concerning their safety, use of electrical stun guns (Tasers) by law enforcement agencies is increasing. We examined the effect of Taser deployment on rates of (1) in-custody sudden deaths in the absence of lethal force, (2) lethal force (firearm) deaths, and (3) officer injuries (OIs) requiring emergency room visits. Under the Public Records Act and the Freedom of Information Act, 126 police and sheriff departments from California cities were mailed surveys requesting rates of each of the outcomes of interest for each of the 5 years preceding Taser deployment through the 5 years after deployment. To control for population size and crime rates, we used total annual arrests per city as reported to the Department of Justice. Fifty cities provided predeployment and postdeployment data on in-custody sudden death, 21 cities reported firearm deaths, and 4 cities reported OIs. The rate of in-custody sudden death increased 6.4-fold (95% confidence interval 3.2-12.8, p = 0.006) and the rate of firearm death increased 2.3-fold (95% confidence interval 1.3-4.0, p = 0.003) in the in the first full year after Taser deployment compared with the average rate in the 5 years before deployment. In years 2 to 5 after deployment, rates of the 2 events decreased to predeployment levels. We observed no significant change in the rate of serious OIs after Taser deployment. In conclusion, although considered by some a safer alternative to firearms, Taser deployment was associated with a substantial increase in in-custody sudden deaths in the early deployment period, with no decrease in firearm deaths or serious OIs. PMID:19268749

  11. Sexual interest, attitudes, knowledge, and sexual history in relation to sexual behavior in the institutionalized aged

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles B. White

    1982-01-01

    Although the idea that sexuality is a lifelong need is gaining greater research support and greater acceptability to the general public, few consider the institutionalized aged as having sexual needs or being able to benefit from sexual intimacy. The research presented here indicates that sexual activity in the institutionalized aged is related to their attitudes and behavior to ward sexuality

  12. The Relationship Between Exposure to Sexual Music Videos and Young Adults' Sexual Attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuanyuan Zhang; Laura E. Miller; Kristen Harrison

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between exposure to sexual music videos and young people's sexual attitudes (i.e., premarital sexual permissiveness and endorsement of the sexual double standard). Items gauging exposure to 75 music videos ranging in sexual explicitness were used to measure sexual video viewing among a sample of 266 undergraduate students. As expected, exposure

  13. Effect of Principals' Leadership Style on Teachers' Attitude to Work in Ogun State Secondary Schools, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adegbesan, Sunday O.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate why some principals prefer to embrace certain leadership styles and the effect of such styles on the teachers' attitude to work. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of teachers and principals from the secondary schools in Abeokuta…

  14. Social Status Variations in Attitudes and Conceptualization Pertaining to Water Pollution and Supply.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Irving A.

    Data, secured by questionnaire from single household dwelling units in Warwick, Rhode Island, were used to ascertain differences among social status groups with respect to attitudes and conceptualization pertaining to water pollution and water supply. A social status index was used to delineate three status groups having high, middle, and low rank…

  15. Parental Support and the Attitudes of Boys and Girls to Modern Foreign Languages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Christine

    2009-01-01

    Modern foreign languages (MFL) currently appear to be close to demise, as the number of pupils opting for the subject at Key Stage 4 continues to fall. This paper addresses the issue of the key role of parental support in relation to attitudes of pupils towards MFL. It reports on a study conducted at two secondary schools which made use of teacher…

  16. Warm weather transport of broiler chickens in Manitoba. II. Truck management factors associated with death loss in transit to slaughter.

    PubMed

    Whiting, Terry L; Drain, Mairead E; Rasali, Drona P

    2007-02-01

    This observational study was conducted to identify the cause of death and load level factors associated with mortality in 1 090 733 Manitoba broiler chickens transported to slaughter in spring and early summer. Death loss in transit was 0.346% and accounted for 19% of the total carcass condemnation. The death loss pattern was clearly bimodal, with a low death loss in 180 of 198 shipments. Cumulative death loss during the growing phase of production was consistently associated with increased transport mortalities in load level models and when comparing high death loss with low death loss truckloads. High ambient temperature at the time of slaughter and loading density of the truck were the major factors associated with exceptional death loss. PMID:17334028

  17. Attitude Set, Group Learning, and Attitude Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhyne, Dwight Carroll

    A special Training Institute on Problems of School Desegregation was held at the North Carolina Advancement School; the project was undertaken to determine the degree of attitude change related to group learning method, social attitude set, and characteristics of race, sex, and age among 72 teachers and counselors participating in an adult…

  18. An Analogous Study of Children's Attitudes Toward School in an Open Classroom Environment as Opposed to a Conventional Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeli, Doris Conti

    A study sought to determine whether intermediate age children exposed to open classroom teaching strategy have a more positive attitude toward school than intermediate age children exposed to conventional teaching strategy. The hypothesis was that there would be no significant difference in attitude between the two groups. The study was limited to

  19. Public reaction to the death of Steve Jobs: implications for cancer communication.

    PubMed

    Myrick, Jessica Gall; Noar, Seth M; Willoughby, Jessica Fitts; Brown, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to examine the public reaction to the death of Steve Jobs, focusing on general and cancer-specific information seeking and interpersonal communication. Shortly after Jobs's death, employees from a large university in the Southeastern United States (N = 1,398) completed a web-based survey. Every employee had heard about Steve Jobs's death, and 97% correctly identified pancreatic cancer as the cause of his death. General (50%) and pancreatic cancer-specific (7%) information seeking, as well as general (74%) and pancreatic cancer-specific (17%) interpersonal communication, took place in response to Steve Jobs's death. In multivariate logistic regression analyses controlling for demographics and several cancer-oriented variables, both identification with Steve Jobs and cancer worry in response to Steve Jobs's death significantly (p < .05) predicted pancreatic cancer information seeking as well as interpersonal communication about pancreatic cancer. Additional analyses revealed that cancer worry partially mediated the effects of identification on these outcome variables. Implications of these results for future research as well as cancer prevention and communication efforts are discussed. PMID:24716627

  20. Chronic liver disease in murine hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 induces resistance to cell death.

    PubMed

    Vogel, Arndt; van Den Berg, Inge E T; Al-Dhalimy, Muhsen; Groopman, John; Ou, Ching-Nan; Ryabinina, Olga; Iordanov, Mihail S; Finegold, Milton; Grompe, Markus

    2004-02-01

    The murine model of hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT1) was used to analyze the relationship between chronic liver disease and programmed cell death in vivo. In healthy fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase deficient mice (Fah(-/-)), protected from liver injury by the drug 2-(2- nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC), the tyrosine metabolite homogentisic acid (HGA) caused rapid hepatocyte death. In contrast, all mice survived the same otherwise lethal dose of HGA if they had preexisting liver damage induced by NTBC withdrawal. Similarly, Fah(-/-) animals with liver injury were also resistant to apoptosis induced by the Fas ligand Jo-2 and to necrosis-like cell death induced by acetaminophen (APAP). Molecular studies revealed a marked up-regulation of the antiapoptotic heat shock proteins (Hsp) 27, 32, and 70 and of c-Jun in hepatocytes of stressed mice. In addition, the p38 and Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) stress-activated kinase pathways were markedly impaired in the cell-death resistant liver. In conclusion, these results provide evidence that chronic liver disease can paradoxically result in cell death resistance in vivo. Stress-induced failure of cell death programs may lead to an accumulation of damaged cells and therefore enhance the risk for cancer as observed in HT1 and other chronic liver diseases. PMID:14767996

  1. Cell-to-cell variability in cell death: can systems biology help us make sense of it all?

    E-print Network

    OPEN Review Cell-to-cell variability in cell death: can systems biology help us make sense-inducing treatments. Systems biology models offer us the opportunity to take a more synoptic view of the cell death studied using a systems biology approach. Triggering programmed cell death or circumventing a defect

  2. Fifty years of violent war deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia: analysis of data from the world health survey programme

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ziad Obermeyer; Christopher J L Murray; Emmanuela Gakidou

    2008-01-01

    Objective To provide an accurate estimate of violent war deaths. Design Analysis of survey data on mortality, adjusted for sampling bias and censoring, from nationally representative surveys designed to measure population health. Estimated deaths compared with estimates in database of passive reports.Setting 2002-3 World health surveys, in which information was collected from one respondent per household about sibling deaths, including

  3. 20 CFR 10.908 - Can an employee designate alternate beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? 10.908 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.908 Can an employee...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? An employee...

  4. 28 CFR 1.10 - Procedures applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...clemency by a person under a sentence of death imposed by a United States...

  5. 20 CFR 10.908 - Can an employee designate alternate beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? 10.908 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.908 Can an employee...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? An employee...

  6. 20 CFR 10.908 - Can an employee designate alternate beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? 10.908 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.908 Can an employee...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? An employee...

  7. 28 CFR 1.10 - Procedures applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...clemency by a person under a sentence of death imposed by a United States...

  8. 20 CFR 10.908 - Can an employee designate alternate beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? 10.908 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.908 Can an employee...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? An employee...

  9. 28 CFR 1.10 - Procedures applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...clemency by a person under a sentence of death imposed by a United States...

  10. 28 CFR 1.10 - Procedures applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...clemency by a person under a sentence of death imposed by a United States...

  11. 38 CFR 3.813 - Interim benefits for disability or death due to chloracne or porphyria cutanea tarda.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...false Interim benefits for disability or death due to chloracne or porphyria cutanea tarda...813 Interim benefits for disability or death due to chloracne or porphyria cutanea tarda...disabilities were service-connected. (b) Death benefits. Except as provided in...

  12. 38 CFR 3.813 - Interim benefits for disability or death due to chloracne or porphyria cutanea tarda.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Interim benefits for disability or death due to chloracne or porphyria cutanea tarda...813 Interim benefits for disability or death due to chloracne or porphyria cutanea tarda...disabilities were service-connected. (b) Death benefits. Except as provided in...

  13. 28 CFR 1.10 - Procedures applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...applicable to prisoners under a sentence of death imposed by a United States District Court...clemency by a person under a sentence of death imposed by a United States...

  14. 20 CFR 10.908 - Can an employee designate alternate beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? 10.908 Section...EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED Death Gratuity § 10.908 Can an employee...beneficiaries to receive a portion of the death gratuity payment? An employee...

  15. Advantages of estimating rate corrections during dynamic propagation of spacecraft rates: Applications to real-time attitude determination of SAMPEX

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Challa, M. S.; Natanson, G. A.; Baker, D. F.; Deutschmann, J. K.

    1994-01-01

    This paper describes real-time attitude determination results for the Solar, Anomalous, and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer (SAMPEX), a gyroless spacecraft, using a Kalman filter/Euler equation approach denoted the real-time sequential filter (RTSF). The RTSF is an extended Kalman filter whose state vector includes the attitude quaternion and corrections to the rates, which are modeled as Markov processes with small time constants. The rate corrections impart a significant robustness to the RTSF against errors in modeling the environmental and control torques, as well as errors in the initial attitude and rates, while maintaining a small state vector. SAMPLEX flight data from various mission phases are used to demonstrate the robustness of the RTSF against a priori attitude and rate errors of up to 90 deg and 0.5 deg/sec, respectively, as well as a sensitivity of 0.0003 deg/sec in estimating rate corrections in torque computations. In contrast, it is shown that the RTSF attitude estimates without the rate corrections can degrade rapidly. RTSF advantages over single-frame attitude determination algorithms are also demonstrated through (1) substantial improvements in attitude solutions during sun-magnetic field coalignment and (2) magnetic-field-only attitude and rate estimation during the spacecraft's sun-acquisition mode. A robust magnetometer-only attitude-and-rate determination method is also developed to provide for the contingency when both sun data as well as a priori knowledge of the spacecraft state are unavailable. This method includes a deterministic algorithm used to initialize the RTSF with coarse estimates of the spacecraft attitude and rates. The combined algorithm has been found effective, yielding accuracies of 1.5 deg in attitude and 0.01 deg/sec in the rates and convergence times as little as 400 sec.

  16. Segmenting households according to recycling attitudes in a Portuguese urban area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula Vicente; Elizabeth Reis

    2007-01-01

    Increasing citizens’ participation in recycling programs has been a priority in the environmental policies of developed countries as part of a global strategy to manage the problem of excessive solid waste production. Understanding citizens’ recycling behaviour, and the underlying attitudes and motivations, is crucial to the delineation of efficient future recycling programs. In this paper we apply cluster analysis to

  17. The architecture of employee attitudes to safety in the manufacturing sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Cheyne; A. Oliver; J. M. Tomás; S. Cox

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the relationships between components of organisational safety climate, including: employee attitudes to organisational and individual safety issues; perceptions of the physical work environment and perceptions of workplace hazards; and relates these to self-reported levels of safety activity. It also attempts to replicate the explicative model derived by Cheyne et al. in a similar study within the manufacturing

  18. Institutional Culture and Learning I: Perceptions of the Learning Environment and Musicians' Attitudes to Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papageorgi, Ioulia; Haddon, Elizabeth; Creech, Andrea; Morton, Frances; de Bezenac, Christophe; Himonides, Evangelos; Potter, John; Duffy, Celia; Whyton, Tony; Welch, Graham

    2010-01-01

    Research in higher education has established a relationship between student approaches to learning and their perceptions of the learning environment. This study aims to make a contribution to music education literature by investigating undergraduate music students' perceptions of the learning context and their attitudes towards learning and…

  19. Factors Related to Play Therapists' Social Justice Advocacy Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parikh, Sejal B.; Ceballos, Peggy; Post, Phyllis

    2013-01-01

    The authors used a correlational research design to examine how belief in a just world, political ideology, socioeconomic status of family of origin, and percentage of racial minority clients were related to social justice advocacy attitudes among play therapists. A multiple regression was used to analyze the data. Results indicated that belief in…

  20. The unexpected “yes”: Explanatory factors behind the positive attitudes to congestion charges in Stockholm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonas Eliasson; Lina Jonsson

    2011-01-01

    Several authors have argued that acceptability for road pricing is likely to increase with familiarity. The experiences in Stockholm, where a trial period with congestion charges changed the public opinion from negative to positive, support this hypothesis. Analysing acceptability and attitudes in Stockholm allows us to study a situation where the population is in fact familiar with congestion charges, and

  1. The Potential of Multivariate Analysis in Assessing Students' Attitude to Curriculum Subjects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaotlhobogwe, Michael; Laugharne, Janet; Durance, Isabelle

    2011-01-01

    Background: Understanding student attitudes to curriculum subjects is central to providing evidence-based options to policy makers in education. Purpose: We illustrate how quantitative approaches used in the social sciences and based on multivariate analysis (categorical Principal Components Analysis, Clustering Analysis and General Linear…

  2. Institutional culture and learning I: perceptions of the learning environment and musicians' attitudes to learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ioulia Papageorgi; Elizabeth Haddon; Andrea Creech; Frances Morton; Christophe de Bezenac; Evangelos Himonides; John Potter; Celia Duffy; Tony Whyton; Graham Welch

    2010-01-01

    Research in higher education has established a relationship between student approaches to learning and their perceptions of the learning environment. This study aims to make a contribution to music education literature by investigating undergraduate music students' perceptions of the learning context and their attitudes towards learning and performance. The research design included a large questionnaire survey followed up by 13

  3. Survey on Teaching Science to K-12 Students with Disabilities: Teacher Preparedness and Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Sami; Lewis, Anna R.

    2014-01-01

    Students with disabilities are increasingly included in general education science classrooms and are expected to demonstrate academic proficiency on standardized assessments. Teacher preparation and attitudes have been cited as major factors contributing to either the success or failure of students with disabilities in science. In order to assess…

  4. Public attitudes to the use of wildlife by Aboriginal Australians: marketing of wildlife and its conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clem Tisdell; Hemanath Swarna Nantha

    2008-01-01

    Indigenous Australians have socioeconomic attributes similar to those of residents in some developing countries. Their utilisation of wildlife could add to their economic opportunities. Attitudes of a sample of the Australian public towards the subsistence use of wildlife by Indigenous Australians and whether or not they should be allowed to sell wildlife and wildlife products are examined. Allowing such possibilities

  5. Attitudes to and Factors Affecting Unauthorized Copying of Computer Software in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siponen, M.T.; Vartiainen, T.

    2005-01-01

    Several quantitative studies have sought to determine the factors affecting the unauthorized copying of software, particularly in North America. However, we find no statistically reliable studies on the situation in Europe. In order to address this gap in the literature, we explored the attitudes to and factors affecting the unauthorized copying…

  6. Young People and the Learning Partnerships Program: Shifting Negative Attitudes to Help-Seeking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahill, Helen; Coffey, Julia

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses research which explored the impact of the Learning Partnerships program on young people's attitudes to help-seeking. The Learning Partnerships program brings classes of high school students into universities to teach pre-service teachers and doctors how to communicate effectively with adolescents about sensitive issues such…

  7. Investigating Students' Attitude and Intention to Use Social Software in Higher Institution of Learning in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shittu, Ahmed Tajudeen; Basha, Kamal Madarsha; AbdulRahman, Nik Suryani Nik; Ahmad, Tunku Badariah Tunku

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Social software usage is growing at an exponential rate among the present generation of students. Yet, there is paucity of empirical study to understand the determinant of its use in the present setting of this study. This study, therefore, seeks to investigate factors that predict students' attitudes and intentions to use this…

  8. Increasing Access to Evidence-Based Practices and Knowledge and Attitudes: A Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leathers, Sonya J.; Strand, Tonya C.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This pilot study examined the effect of increasing field instructors access to information about evidence-based practices (EBPs) on their level of knowledge and attitudes about EBPs. Method: Eighteen field instructors received training and access to a library with extensive online journals. Half were randomly selected to also receive a…

  9. Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Robert Baxter; Stern, Marc J.; Krohn, Brian D.; Ardoin, Nicole

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures to develop and validate scales to measure environmental responsibility, character development and leadership, and attitudes toward school for environmental education programs servicing middle school children. The scales represent outcomes commonly of interest to

  10. Attitudes and beliefs of Afro-Americans related to organ and tissue donation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon Richard-Hughes

    1997-01-01

    A descriptive study was conducted to identify problems associated with the attitudes, beliefs, and lack of participation of a small Afro-American population concerning organ donation. I. King's theory of goal attainment was used to compare stated beliefs with reported behaviors that would indicate a willingness to participate in organ donation.

  11. Attitudes to and factors affecting unauthorized copying of computer software in Finland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mikko T. Siponen; Tero Vartiainen

    2005-01-01

    Several quantitative studies have sought to determine the factors affecting the unauthorized copying of software, particularly in North America. However, we find no statistically reliable studies on the situation in Europe. In order to address this gap in the literature, we explored the attitudes to and factors affecting the unauthorized copying of computer software of 249 Finnish university students: nine

  12. Multiprofessional learning: the attitudes of medical, nursing and pharmacy students to shared learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret Horsburgh; Rain Lamdin; Emma Williamson

    2001-01-01

    Objectives The belief that the effectiveness of patient care will improve through collaboration and teamwork within and between health care teams is providing a focus internationally for 'shared learning' in health professional education. While it may be hard to over- come structural and organizational obstacles to imple- menting interprofessional learning, negative student attitudes may be most difficult to change. This

  13. Attitudes of young adults to prenatal screening and genetic correction for human attributes and psychiatric conditions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen K. Milner; Elizabeth E. Collins; Geoffrey R. Connors; Elizabeth M. Petty

    1998-01-01

    With recent advances in DNA technology, questions have arisen as to how this tech- nology should be appropriately used. In this article, results obtained from a survey de- signed to elicit attitudes of college students to prenatal testing and gene therapy for hu- man attributes and psychiatric conditions are reported. The eleven hypothetical dis- ease phenotypes included schizophrenia, alcoholism, tendency

  14. The Application of an Unfolding Model of the PIRT Type to the Measurement of Attitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrich, David

    1988-01-01

    A simple probabilistic model for unfolding data collected by a direct response design in which responses were scored dichotomously was applied to the measurement of attitudes toward capital punishment. Responses conformed to the unfolding mechanism. Scale values of the statements were statistically equivalent to those of Thurstone's methods. (SLD)

  15. Reactions of First-Year Men to a Rape Prevention Program: Attitude and Predicted Behavior Changes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foubert, John D.; Tatum, Jerry L.; Donahue, Greg A.

    2006-01-01

    First-year men (261) saw a rape prevention program and were asked to give their reactions to what they saw by answering four open-ended questions, requesting information about whether participants experience either attitude or behavior change resulting from the program, particularly in relation to situations involving alcohol and sexually intimate…

  16. Attitudes to Childhood Overweight and Obesity: The Limits of Cultural Explanations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chakrabarti, Suparna; Abbott, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To explore attitudes to and beliefs about childhood overweight and obesity among Bangladeshi mothers and to check maternal perceptions of their children's weight status. Design: Mixed methods cross-sectional study. Setting: A general practice in East London, UK. Methods: Qualitative interviews with 14 mothers; weighing and measuring 22…

  17. Women's education and its influence on attitudes to aspects of child-care in a village community in Kerala

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Raman Kutty

    1989-01-01

    In this study of 78 rural mothers of preschoolers in Trichur District, Kerala, India, the author attempts to measure the impact of 10 years of schooling on their attitudes to five important aspects of child-care which have been hypothesized to be key factors in improved child survival. The possible reasons for the important findings of (1) stronger positive attitudes towards

  18. The Reasons for Information Technologies Pre-Service Teachers to Prefer Teaching Profession and Their Attitudes towards the Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akdag, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    This study was carried out to determine the reasons for information technologies pre-service teachers for preferring teaching profession and whether their attitudes towards the profession differ according to the variables of gender, graduated high school, order of department preference, class level, the profession wanted to be worked and attitude

  19. Motivating and Improving Attitudes to Reading in the Final Years of Primary Schooling in Five New Zealand Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jo; Grimley, Michael; Greenwood, Janinka; Parkhill, Faye

    2012-01-01

    Teachers are influential in motivating and improving attitudes towards reading. This article reports on an investigation of eight teachers of 10- to 12-year-old students from five New Zealand schools and the strategies they used to improve attitudes to reading. Each school had been identified as implementing effective reading programmes by a panel…

  20. Driven to Death: Inhibition of Farnesylation Increases Ras Activity in Osteosarcoma and Promotes Growth Arrest and Cell Death

    PubMed Central

    Geryk-Hall, Mandy; Yang, Yanwen; Hughes, Dennis P.M.

    2010-01-01

    To improve cancer outcomes, investigators are turning increasingly to small molecule medicines that disrupt vital signaling cascades, inhibiting malignant growth or inducing apoptosis. One vital signaling molecule is Ras, and a key step in Ras activation is membrane anchoring of Ras through prenylation, the C-terminal addition of a lipid anchor. Small molecule inhibitors of farnesyl transferase (FTI), the enzyme most often responsible for prenylating Ras, showed cinical promise, but development of FTI such as tipifarnib has been stalled by uncertainty about their mechanism of action, since Ras appeared unimpeded in tipifarnib-treated samples. Interpretation was further complicated by the numerous proteins that may be farnesylated, as well as availability of an alternate prenylation pathway, geranylgeranylation. Initial observations of varied response by osteosarcoma cell lines to tipifarnib led us to evaluate the role of FTI in Ras signal alteration using osteosarcoma models. We describe our novel, counter-intuitive finding that endogenous Ras activity increases in osteosarcoma when farnesyl transferase is inhibited either by tipifarnib or shRNA. In response to tipifarnib, variable growth arrest and/or cell death correlated with levels of activated ERK and p38 MAPK. Sensitivity to tipifarnib treatment was shown by growth inhibition and by an increase in subdiploid cell numbers; cells with such sensitivity had increased activation of ERK and p38 MAPK. Since Ras must be prenylated to be active, our findings suggest that geranylgeranylated N-Ras or K-Ras B interact differently with downstream effector proteins in sensitive osteosarcoma cells responding to tipifarnib, switching the balance from cell proliferation to growth inhibition. PMID:20406948

  1. Hepatic leukemia factor promotes resistance to cell death: Implications for therapeutics and chronotherapy

    SciTech Connect

    Waters, Katrina M. [Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States); Sontag, Ryan L. [Systems Toxicology Groups, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States); Weber, Thomas J., E-mail: Thomas.Weber@pnl.gov [Systems Toxicology Groups, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)

    2013-04-15

    Physiological variation related to circadian rhythms and aberrant gene expression patterns are believed to modulate therapeutic efficacy, but the precise molecular determinants remain unclear. Here we examine the regulation of cell death by hepatic leukemia factor (HLF), which is an output regulator of circadian rhythms and is aberrantly expressed in human cancers, using an ectopic expression strategy in JB6 mouse epidermal cells and human keratinocytes. Ectopic HLF expression inhibited cell death in both JB6 cells and human keratinocytes, as induced by serum-starvation, tumor necrosis factor alpha and ionizing radiation. Microarray analysis indicates that HLF regulates a complex multi-gene transcriptional program encompassing upregulation of anti-apoptotic genes, downregulation of pro-apoptotic genes, and many additional changes that are consistent with an anti-death program. Collectively, our results demonstrate that ectopic expression of HLF, an established transcription factor that cycles with circadian rhythms, can recapitulate many features associated with circadian-dependent physiological variation. - Highlights: ? Circadian-dependent physiological variation impacts therapeutic efficacy. ? Hepatic leukemia factor inhibits cell death and is a candidate circadian factor. ? Hepatic leukemia factor anti-death program is conserved in murine and human cells. ? Transcriptomics indicates the anti-death program results from a systems response.

  2. Opioid substitution therapy as a strategy to reduce deaths in prison: retrospective cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Larney, Sarah; Gisev, Natasa; Farrell, Michael; Dobbins, Timothy; Burns, Lucinda; Gibson, Amy; Kimber, Jo; Degenhardt, Louisa

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To describe deaths in prison among opioid-dependent people, and examine associations between receipt of opioid substitution therapy (OST) and risk of death in prison. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Adult prisons in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Participants 16?715 opioid-dependent people who were received to prison between 2000 and 2012. Interventions Opioid substitution therapy. Primary outcome measures Natural and unnatural (suicide, drug-induced, violent and other injury) deaths in prison. Results Cohort members were in prison for 30?998 person-years (PY), during which time there were 51 deaths. The all-cause crude mortality rate (CMR) in prison was 1.6/1000 PY (95% CI 1.2 to 2.2/1000 PY), and the unnatural death CMR was 1.1/1000 PY (95% CI 0.8 to 1.6/1000 PY). Compared to time out of OST, the hazard of all-cause death was 74% lower while in OST (adjusted HR (AHR): 0.26; 95% CI 0.13 to 0.50), and the hazard of unnatural death was 87% lower while in OST (AHR: 0.13; 95% CI 0.05 to 0.35). The all-cause and unnatural death CMRs during the first 4?weeks of incarceration were 6.6/1000 PY (95% CI 3.8 to 10.6/1000 PY) and 5.5/1000 PY (95% CI 2.9 to 9.4/1000 PY), respectively. Compared to periods not in OST, the hazard of all-cause death during the first 4?weeks of incarceration was 94% lower while in OST (AHR: 0.06; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.48), and the hazard of unnatural death was 93% lower while in OST (AHR: 0.07; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.53). Conclusions Mortality of opioid-dependent prisoners was significantly lower while in receipt of OST. PMID:24694626

  3. Analytical and graphical methods for understanding hierarchical models with an application to estimating state trends in death

    E-print Network

    Gelman, Andrew

    to estimating state trends in death penalty public opinion 1 Kenneth E. Shirley2 and Andrew Gelman3 July 26's national public opinion poll is "Do you favor or oppose the death penalty for persons convicted of murder?" Because the death penalty is governed by state laws rather than federal laws, it is of special interest

  4. 41 CFR 303-70.1 - When must we authorize payment of expenses related to an employee's death?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...payment of expenses related to an employee's death? 303-70.1 Section 303-70.1... PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES 70-AGENCY REQUIREMENTS...FOR PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES General...

  5. 41 CFR 303-70.1 - When must we authorize payment of expenses related to an employee's death?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...payment of expenses related to an employee's death? 303-70.1 Section 303-70.1... PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES 70-AGENCY REQUIREMENTS...FOR PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES General...

  6. 41 CFR 303-70.1 - When must we authorize payment of expenses related to an employee's death?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...payment of expenses related to an employee's death? 303-70.1 Section 303-70.1... PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES 70-AGENCY REQUIREMENTS...FOR PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES General...

  7. 41 CFR 303-70.1 - When must we authorize payment of expenses related to an employee's death?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...payment of expenses related to an employee's death? 303-70.1 Section 303-70.1... PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES 70-AGENCY REQUIREMENTS...FOR PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES General...

  8. 41 CFR 303-70.1 - When must we authorize payment of expenses related to an employee's death?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...payment of expenses related to an employee's death? 303-70.1 Section 303-70.1... PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES 70-AGENCY REQUIREMENTS...FOR PAYMENT OF EXPENSES CONNECTED WITH THE DEATH OF CERTAIN EMPLOYEES AND FAMILY...

  9. Content Analysis of Free-Response Narratives to Personal Meanings of Death among Chinese Children and Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Shu Ching; Chen, Shih-Fen

    2006-01-01

    The study explores development of the concept of death among 204 Chinese children and adolescents and analyzes the relationships between death concept development and background variables. A coding manual for content analysis of death constructs adapted from R. A. Neimeyer et al. (1983) was used to classify each construct in the paragraphs written…

  10. Evaluation of Reading Attitudes of 8th Grade Students in Primary Education According to Various Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahbaz, Namik Kemal

    2012-01-01

    Reading skill is a cognitive process in which the words are perceived, given a meaning, comprehended and then interpreted. The last year in primary education is a critical period when this skill is changed into a habit. As reading attitudes are important for an individual throughout the life, it is necessary to determine according to which…

  11. An integrated research framework to understand consumer attitudes and purchase intentions toward genetically modified foods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mei-Fang Chen

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – Given that the increased marketing of genetically modified (GM) food products and the attitudes of the public have a strong impact on the progress of this emerging gene technology, this study aims to shed light on the antecedents relating to the extent of both the adoption and the purchase intention of GM foods. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This work is

  12. Student Teachers' Attitudes towards and Willingness to Teach Evolution in a Changing South African Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrie, A. L.

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the attitudes of South African student teachers towards the theory of evolution and their willingness to teach it. The teaching of evolution has been excluded from the South African school curriculum for most of the 20th century. In 2008, Grade 12 learners were for the first time exposed to the concept of evolution in the…

  13. Attitudes of International Students in Regard to Library Skills Development in the Academic Setting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Correll, Lou P.

    A study was done in the spring semester of 1983 at the East Texas State University in Commerce, Texas, to investigate the attitudes of 28 international students with regard to the importance and effectiveness of a library skills instruction course and their understanding and/or use of other library services and materials. The graduate level,…

  14. Attitudes of Teenagers and Their Parents to Pennsylvania's Graduated Driver Licensing System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Pat Mckay; Jeffrey H. Coben; Gregory Luke Larkin; Alison Shaffer

    2008-01-01

    Objectives. To determine the attitudes of teens and parents in Pennsylvania (PA) towards the enhanced graduated driver licensing (GDL) system implemented in 2000, and to assess their understanding of teen crash risk.Methods. Cross-sectional survey of teen drivers and their parents. Eligible teens were 16 or 17 years old when they obtained their first learner's permits in 2000. A simple random

  15. Using History to Enhance Student Learning and Attitudes in Singapore Mathematics Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yee, Lim Siew; Chapman, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Numerous researchers have pointed to the potential benefits of providing students with a relevant historical context when introducing new mathematics concepts. This paper discusses the ways in which this approach may be applied to enhance student learning and attitudes in Singapore mathematics classrooms. While evidence on the efficacy of this…

  16. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice related to epilepsy: a community-based study

    PubMed Central

    Teferi, Jalle; Shewangizaw, Zewdu

    2015-01-01

    Religious and sociocultural beliefs influence the nature of treatment and care received by people with epilepsy. Many communities in Africa and other developing nations believe that epilepsy results from evil spirits, and thus, treatment should be through the use of herbaceous plants from traditional doctors and religious leadership. Community-based cross-sectional study designs were used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice related to epilepsy and its associated factors by using a pretested, semi-structured questionnaire among 660 respondents living in Sululta Woreda, Oromia, Ethiopia. According to the results of this study, 59.8% of the respondents possessed knowledge about epilepsy, 35.6% had a favorable attitude, and 33.5% of them adopted safe practices related to epilepsy. The following factors had significant association to knowledge, attitude, and practice related to epilepsy: being rural dwellers, living alone, those with more years of formal education, heard information about epilepsy, distance of health facility from the community, had witnessed an epileptic seizure, age range from 46 years to 55 years, had heard about epilepsy, prior knowledge of epilepsy, occupational history of being self-employed or a laborer, history of epilepsy, and history of epilepsy in family member. The findings indicated that the Sululta community is familiar with epilepsy, has an unfavorable attitude toward epilepsy, and unsafe practices related to epilepsy, but has a relatively promising knowledge of epilepsy.

  17. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice related to epilepsy: a community-based study.

    PubMed

    Teferi, Jalle; Shewangizaw, Zewdu

    2015-01-01

    Religious and sociocultural beliefs influence the nature of treatment and care received by people with epilepsy. Many communities in Africa and other developing nations believe that epilepsy results from evil spirits, and thus, treatment should be through the use of herbaceous plants from traditional doctors and religious leadership. Community-based cross-sectional study designs were used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice related to epilepsy and its associated factors by using a pretested, semi-structured questionnaire among 660 respondents living in Sululta Woreda, Oromia, Ethiopia. According to the results of this study, 59.8% of the respondents possessed knowledge about epilepsy, 35.6% had a favorable attitude, and 33.5% of them adopted safe practices related to epilepsy. The following factors had significant association to knowledge, attitude, and practice related to epilepsy: being rural dwellers, living alone, those with more years of formal education, heard information about epilepsy, distance of health facility from the community, had witnessed an epileptic seizure, age range from 46 years to 55 years, had heard about epilepsy, prior knowledge of epilepsy, occupational history of being self-employed or a laborer, history of epilepsy, and history of epilepsy in family member. The findings indicated that the Sululta community is familiar with epilepsy, has an unfavorable attitude toward epilepsy, and unsafe practices related to epilepsy, but has a relatively promising knowledge of epilepsy. PMID:26056455

  18. Relation of Depression and Help-Seeking History to Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halgin, Richard P.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Investigated the relation of help-seeking history, sex, and depression to college students' attitudes, beliefs, and intentions about obtaining professional psychological help, using those who represented extremes of the depression continuum. Having sought help related positively to feelings about seeking help. The experience of depression,…

  19. Changing Attitudes Toward Prison Reform: Effects of Similarity to Prisoners on Attraction and Rejection1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul J. Silvia; Joshua S. Graham; Chasidy N. Hawley

    2005-01-01

    Human-rights organizations and prisoner advocacy groups try to create positive attitudes toward liberal prison reform by emphasizing similarities between the public and prisoners. Theories of similarity and attraction, however, suggest that this strategy can backfire. Although it commonly increases liking, similarity can increase rejection when the similar other is stigmatized. An experiment tested the efficacy of appeals to similarity in

  20. Flight Mechanics/Estimation Theory Symposium. [with application to autonomous navigation and attitude/orbit determination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fuchs, A. J. (editor)

    1979-01-01

    Onboard and real time image processing to enhance geometric correction of the data is discussed with application to autonomous navigation and attitude and orbit determination. Specific topics covered include: (1) LANDSAT landmark data; (2) star sensing and pattern recognition; (3) filtering algorithms for Global Positioning System; and (4) determining orbital elements for geostationary satellites.