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1

Psychometric Properties of Shortened Versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Derived shortened versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) (S. Hollon and P. Kendall, 1980) using samples of 434 and 419 adults. Cross-validation with samples of 163 and 91 adults showed support for the shortened versions. Overall, results suggest that these short forms are useful in measuring cognitions associated with depression.…

Netemeyer, Richard G.; Williamson, Donald A.; Burton, Scot; Biswas, Dipayan; Jindal, Supriya; Landreth, Stacy; Mills, Gregory; Primeaux, Sonya

2002-01-01

2

The positive automatic thoughts questionnaire (ATQ-P) and the automatic thoughts questionnaire—Revised (ATQ-RP): Equivalent measures of positive thinking?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined two recently developed measures of positive automatic thought, the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ-P)\\u000a and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire—Revised (ATQ-RP). Internal consistency, concurrent validity, and convergent and discriminant\\u000a validity were addressed. Two hundred one undergraduates completed self-report measures of positive automatic thoughts, negative\\u000a automatic thoughts, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and positive affectivity. The ATQ-P and ATQ-RP both showed

Ellen Burgess; David A. F. Haaga

1994-01-01

3

Cognitive self-statements in depression: Development of an automatic thoughts questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 30-item questionnaire was devised to measure the frequency of occurrence of automatic negative thoughts (negative self-statements)associated with depression. Male and female undergraduates were asked to recall dysphoric experiences and to report associated cognitions. One hundred representative cognitions were selected and administered to a second sample, along with the MMPI D scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Thirty items discriminating

Steven D. Hollon; Philip C. Kendall

1980-01-01

4

Anxiety, automatic negative thoughts, and unconditional self-acceptance in rheumatoid arthritis: a preliminary study.  

PubMed

Objectives. This research was carried out in two stages: the objectives of the first stage were (1) to identify the existing relationships between the level of anxiety, the frequency of automatic negative thoughts, and unconditional self-acceptance and (2) to capture the existing differences regarding these variables between people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and those with no such medical history. Methods. The sample made up of 50 subjects filled out the following three questionnaires: the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, and the Unconditional Self-Acceptance Questionnaire. Results. Psychological anxiety is positively correlated with automatic negative thoughts, while unconditional self-acceptance is negatively correlated with both psychological anxiety and somatic anxiety as well as with automatic negative thoughts. All studied variables were significantly different in rheumatoid arthritis as compared to the control population. Conclusions. The results showed the presence to a greater extent of anxiety and automatic negative thoughts, along with reduced unconditional self-acceptance among people with rheumatoid arthritis. Intervention on these variables through support and counseling can lead to reducing anxiety and depression, to altering the coping styles, and, implicitly, to improving the patients' quality of life. PMID:25028611

Palo?, Ramona; Vî?cu, Loredana

2014-01-01

5

Anxiety, Automatic Negative Thoughts, and Unconditional Self-Acceptance in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Preliminary Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives. This research was carried out in two stages: the objectives of the first stage were (1) to identify the existing relationships between the level of anxiety, the frequency of automatic negative thoughts, and unconditional self-acceptance and (2) to capture the existing differences regarding these variables between people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and those with no such medical history. Methods. The sample made up of 50 subjects filled out the following three questionnaires: the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, and the Unconditional Self-Acceptance Questionnaire. Results. Psychological anxiety is positively correlated with automatic negative thoughts, while unconditional self-acceptance is negatively correlated with both psychological anxiety and somatic anxiety as well as with automatic negative thoughts. All studied variables were significantly different in rheumatoid arthritis as compared to the control population. Conclusions. The results showed the presence to a greater extent of anxiety and automatic negative thoughts, along with reduced unconditional self-acceptance among people with rheumatoid arthritis. Intervention on these variables through support and counseling can lead to reducing anxiety and depression, to altering the coping styles, and, implicitly, to improving the patients' quality of life.

Palos, Ramona; Viscu, Loredana

2014-01-01

6

Development and validation of a measure of children’s automatic thoughts: the children’s automatic thoughts scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to describe the history, factor structure and psychometric properties of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS). The CATS is a self-report measure designed to assess a wide range of negative self-statements in children and adolescents. The results of confirmatory factor analyses supported four distinct but strongly correlated factors relating to automatic thoughts on physical

C. A Schniering; R. M Rapee

2002-01-01

7

The Relationship between Parents' and Children's Automatic Thoughts in a College Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research demonstrates the importance of early social interactions in the development of schemas and automatic thoughts. It does not appear, however, that the existing research examines intergenerational correlations in automatic thoughts. As a result, this study explores the relationship between the automatic thoughts of parents and those of their…

Donnelly, Reesa; Renk, Kimberly; Sims, Valerie K.; McGuire, Jack

2011-01-01

8

The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire. Psychometric properties and relationship with consumption, dieting, disinhibition and thought suppression.  

PubMed

We examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ), comparing the original three-factor model to a later-suggested two-factor model. We evaluated the construct validity of the ACQ by investigating the associations between the resulting factors and other eating-related questionnaires such as the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire and the Food Thought Suppression Inventory. Finally, we compared the scores on several scales regarding eating behavior between different groups (men versus women, dieters versus non-dieters and cravers versus non-cravers). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Dutch ACQ indicated the best global fit indices for the two-factor model, with the resulting factors being "Negative consequences and Guilt" and "Craving and emotional eating". Both factors were associated with other eating-related dimensions. However, craving seemed to be uniquely associated with the amount of chocolate consumed per week, whereas guilt correlated strongly with restraint. Finally, women scored higher on nearly all scales, but there was no significant gender difference with regard to chocolate consumption. Dieters reported more disinhibition, restraint, food-thought suppression and guilt, but they did not significantly differ from non-dieters with regards to their levels of craving, hunger nor consumption. PMID:24530692

Van Gucht, Dinska; Soetens, Barbara; Raes, Filip; Griffith, James W

2014-05-01

9

Spanish version of the Thought-Action Fusion Questionnaire and its application in eating disorders  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aims of the study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Thought-Action Fusion Questionnaire (TAF-SP), as well as to determine its validity by evaluating the relationship of the TAF-SP to different instruments. Patients and methods Two groups were studied: one comprising 146 patients with eating disorders; and another a group of 200 students. Results Three factors were obtained: TAF–Moral; TAF–Likelihood-others; and TAF–Likelihood-oneself. The internal consistency of the TAF-SP was determined by means of Cronbach’s ? coefficient, with values ranging between 0.84–0.95. The correlations with other instruments refected adequate validity. The three-factor structure was tested by means of a linear structural equation model, and the structure fit satisfactorily. Differences in TAF-SP scores between the diagnostic subgroups were also analyzed. Conclusion The TAF-SP meets the psychometric requirements for measuring thought-action fusion and shows adequate internal consistency and validity.

Jauregui-Lobera, I; Santed-German, Ma; Bolanos-Rios, P; Garrido-Casals, O

2013-01-01

10

Mathematics Assessment Questionnaire: A Survey of Thoughts and Feelings for Students in Grades 7-9. Technical Report. Research Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mathematics Assessment Questionnaire was designed to sample thoughts and feelings of students in grades 7 through 9 in relation to solving mathematical word problems. Test development studies began in 1986-87 with a review of research and literature and the writing of sample statements that were evaluated by 16 experienced teachers and…

Hecht, Deborah; Tittle, Carol Kehr

11

Perfectionism, Anxiety, and Depressive Distress: Evidence for the Mediating Role of Negative Automatic Thoughts and Anxiety Sensitivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study assessed a mediational model in which negative automatic thoughts and anxiety sensitivity were hypothesized to mediate the relationship between perfectionism cognitions and depressive and anxiety symptoms. Participants: Participants were undergraduate students from an urban Canadian university. The data were collected from…

Pirbaglou, Meysam; Cribbie, Robert; Irvine, Jane; Radhu, Natasha; Vora, Khushboo; Ritvo, Paul

2013-01-01

12

Positive automatic cognitions as moderators of the negative life event-dysphoria relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the author tested the hypothesis that positive automatic thoughts and the Positive Automatic ThoughtsNegative\\u000a Life Stress interaction would predict dysphoria. The Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire—Positive, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire,\\u000a the Life Experiences Survey, and the Beck Depression Inventory, were administered to 71 undergraduate volunteers. In hierarchical\\u000a regression analyses, positive thoughts accounted for unique variance in dysphoria, over and

Owen Richard Lightsey

1994-01-01

13

Predictors of Change Following Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Children with Anxiety Problems: A Preliminary Investigation on Negative Automatic Thoughts and Anxiety Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate negative automatic thoughts and anxiety control as predictors of change produced by cognitive-behavioral treatment of youths with anxiety disorders. Forty-five high-anxious children aged between 9 and 12 years who were selected from the primary school population, received a standardized CBT…

Muris, Peter; Mayer, Birgit; den Adel, Madelon; Roos, Tamara; van Wamelen, Julie

2009-01-01

14

Automatic single questionnaire intensity (SQI, EMS98 scale) estimation using ranking models built on the existing BCSF database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In charge of intensity estimations in France, BCSF has collected and manually analyzed more than 47000 online individual macroseismic questionnaires since 2000 up to intensity VI. These macroseismic data allow us to estimate one SQI value (Single Questionnaire Intensity) for each form following the EMS98 scale. The reliability of the automatic intensity estimation is important as they are today used for automatic shakemaps communications and crisis management. Today, the automatic intensity estimation at BCSF is based on the direct use of thumbnails selected on a menu by the witnesses. Each thumbnail corresponds to an EMS-98 intensity value, allowing us to quickly issue an intensity map of the communal intensity by averaging the SQIs at each city. Afterwards an expert, to determine a definitive SQI, manually analyzes each form. This work is time consuming and not anymore suitable considering the increasing number of testimonies at BCSF. Nevertheless, it can take into account incoherent answers. We tested several automatic methods (USGS algorithm, Correlation coefficient, Thumbnails) (Sira et al. 2013, IASPEI) and compared them with 'expert' SQIs. These methods gave us medium score (between 50 to 60% of well SQI determined and 35 to 40% with plus one or minus one intensity degree). The best fit was observed with the thumbnails. Here, we present new approaches based on 3 statistical ranking methods as 1) Multinomial logistic regression model, 2) Discriminant analysis DISQUAL and 3) Support vector machines (SVMs). The two first methods are standard methods, while the third one is more recent. Theses methods could be applied because the BCSF has already in his database more then 47000 forms and because their questions and answers are well adapted for a statistical analysis. The ranking models could then be used as automatic method constrained on expert analysis. The performance of the automatic methods and the reliability of the estimated SQI can be evaluated thanks to the fact that each definitive BCSF SQIs is determined by an expert analysis. We compare the SQIs obtained by these methods from our database and discuss the coherency and variations between automatic and manual processes. These methods lead to high scores with up to 85% of the forms well classified and most of the remaining forms classified with only a shift of one intensity degree. This allows us to use the ranking methods as the best automatic methods to fast SQIs estimation and to produce fast shakemaps. The next step, to improve the use of these methods, will be to identify explanations for the forms not classified at the correct value and a way to select the few remaining forms that should be analyzed by the expert. Note that beyond intensity VI, on-line questionnaires are insufficient and a field survey is indispensable to estimate intensity. For such survey, in France, BCSF leads a macroseismic intervention group (GIM).

Schlupp, A.; Sira, C.; Schmitt, K.; Schaming, M.

2013-12-01

15

Assessment of Positive Automatic Cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although measures of negative thinking in depression such as the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire have been widely used, comparable measures of positive thinking have not been developed. The lack of such measures has made it difficult to examine both negative and positive change processes as a function of therapeutic interventions. The present article reports two studies designed to develop and evaluate

Rick E. Ingram; Kathleen S. Wisnicki

1988-01-01

16

Mathematics Assessment Questionnaire: A Survey of Thoughts and Feelings for Students in Grades 7-9. Manual for Users. Research Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes the Mathematics Assessment Questionnaire (MAQ) and its development, provides relevant background from the research literature, describes approaches to the reporting and uses of the MAQ (including its use in instructional planning), and presents sample responses from students and classes. The MAQ provides teachers and students…

Tittle, Carol Kehr; Hecht, Deborah

17

Suicidal Thoughts Among Medical Residents with Burnout  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Recent research showed that medical residents have a high risk for developing burnout. The present study investigates the prevalence of burnout and its relationship with suicidal thoughts among medical residents.Methods: All Dutch medical residents (n = 5126) received a self-report questionnaire. Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Residents were asked about the frequency of suicidal thoughts.Results: Response rate was

Frank van der Heijdena; Gea Dillingha; Arnold Bakkerbc; Jelle Prinsd

2008-01-01

18

Animals, Thoughts And Concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are three main positions on animalthought: lingualism denies that non-linguistic animalshave any thoughts; mentalism maintains that theirthoughts differ from ours only in degree, due totheir different perceptual inputs; an intermediateposition, occupied by common sense and Wittgenstein,maintains that animals can have thoughts of a simplekind. This paper argues in favor of an intermediateposition. It considers the most important arguments infavor

Hans-Johann Glock

2000-01-01

19

The Association between Thoughts of Defecation and Thoughts of Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies were conducted examining the relationship between thoughts of defecation and thoughts of death. In Study 1 and Study 3 it was found that making thoughts of feces salient reduced the accessibility of death thoughts. In Study 2 it was found that making thoughts of death salient decreased the accessibility of feces thoughts. It is…

Dunkel, Curtis S.

2009-01-01

20

Thoughts, Emotions, and Chemo  

MedlinePLUS

... treatment Thoughts, emotions, and chemo What about my memory and thinking? Research has shown that chemo can ... the brain’s activities that are affected are concentration, memory, comprehension (understanding), and reasoning. The changes that are ...

21

Train of Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This OLogy activity first introduces kids to the idea of thought experiments. Then it puts their scientific creativity to work with two mind-bending experiments that rely solely on imagination. Both thought experiments have background information, plus concrete examples of how to approach the experiment. Specifically, they ask: Can you throw a ball so hard it never falls to Earth? What if light could only travel one foot/second?

22

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

23

Food for Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Food for Thought is a spatial graphing activity that uses the participants as part of the graph. The activity helps students develop a feeling for the similarities and differences between populations. Many measures are used for comparison including population, population density, population growth rates, energy consumption, CO2 emissions, and more.

Dahlin, Marge; Murphy, Elaine; Crews, Kimberly; Teisch, Jessica; Longmire, Joan; Stauffer, Cheryl L.

2006-01-01

24

Thought and language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since it was introduced to the English-speaking world in 1962, Lev Vygotsky's highly original exploration of human mental development has become recognized as a classic foundational work of cognitive science. Vygotsky analyzes the relationship between words and consciousness, arguing that speech is social in its origins and that only as children develop does it become internalized verbal thought.Now Alex Kozulin

L. Vygotsky

1986-01-01

25

From Thoughts to Words.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities presented in this book, designed to help children translate their thoughts into spoken and written words, can supplement an elementary teacher's own language arts lessons. Objectives for each activity are listed, with the general focus of the many oral activities being to develop a rich verbal background for future written work. The…

Glaus, Marlene

26

Do Automatic Self-Associations Relate to Suicidal Ideation?  

PubMed Central

Dysfunctional self-schemas are assumed to play an important role in suicidal ideation. According to recent information-processing models, it is important to differentiate between ‘explicit’ beliefs and automatic associations. Explicit beliefs stem from the weighting of propositions and their corresponding ‘truth’ values, while automatic associations reflect more simple associations in memory. Both types of associations are assumed to have different functional properties and both may be involved in suicidal ideation. Thus far, studies into self-schemas and suicidal ideation focused on the more explicit, consciously accessible traces of self-schemas and predominantly relied on self-report questionnaires or interviews. To complement these ‘explicit’ findings and more directly tap into self-schemas, this study investigated automatic self-associations in a large scale community sample that was part of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). The results showed that automatic self-associations of depression and anxiety were indeed significantly related to suicidal ideation and past suicide attempt. Moreover, the interactions between automatic self-depressive (anxious) associations and explicit self-depressive (anxious) beliefs explained additional variance over and above explicit self-beliefs. Together these results provide an initial insight into one explanation of why suicidal patients might report difficulties in preventing and managing suicidal thoughts.

de Jong, Peter J.; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; Kerkhof, Ad J. F. M.; van Dyck, Richard; Ormel, Johan

2009-01-01

27

New mothers' thoughts of harm related to the newborn.  

PubMed

There are few published studies of new mothers' experiences of intrusive thoughts of harm related to the newborn. Evidence-based information about the normal phenomenology of intrusive thoughts of harm related to the newborn is needed to facilitate appropriate clinical decision-making. The objective of this project was to assess the phenomenology, prevalence, correlates, and behavioural sequelae of maternal thoughts of harm related to the newborn. One hundred women were recruited during pregnancy. Participants were assessed prenatally and at 4 and 12 weeks postpartum using questionnaires and a semi-structured interview about unwanted thoughts of harm related to the newborn. Postpartum intrusive thoughts of accidental harm to the infant were universal, and close to half of the sample reported unwanted thoughts of intentionally harming their infant. Compared with intentional harm thoughts, accidental harm thoughts were more frequent and more time consuming, but less distressing. High parenting stress and low social support predicted the occurrence of thoughts of intentional harm. Little evidence of an association between these thoughts and aggressive parenting was found. Unwanted intrusive thoughts of harming one's infant are a relatively normative experience during the early postpartum period, particularly in association with greater parenting stress and low social support. PMID:18463941

Fairbrother, Nichole; Woody, Sheila R

2008-07-01

28

Automatic Imitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Automatic imitation" is a type of stimulus-response compatibility effect in which the topographical features of task-irrelevant action stimuli facilitate similar, and interfere with dissimilar, responses. This article reviews behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging research on automatic imitation, asking in what sense it is "automatic"…

Heyes, Cecilia

2011-01-01

29

Automatic indexing  

SciTech Connect

Automatic indexing has been a critical technology as more full-text data becomes available online. The paper discusses issues for automatic indexing of different types of full-text and also presents a survey of much of the current research into new techniques for automatic indexing.

Harman, D.

1992-09-01

30

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

31

An Alternative to Thought Suppression?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on the original article, "Setting free the bears: Escape from thought suppression," by D. M. Wegner (see record 2011-25622-008). While Wegner supposed that we might have to learn to live with bad thoughts, the present author discusses the use of imagination and guided imagery as an alternative to forced thought suppression.

Boice, Robert

2012-01-01

32

Dream Bizarreness and Inner Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper offers a critique of bizarreness studies that compare dreams to real world probability ratios and directed thought processes as a basis for determining the degree of bizarreness in dreams. It examines two cases from the literature and suggests that dreams are better compared to non-directed, or imaginative waking thought processes, specifically Inner Thought and Speech (or “speech for

Bert O. States

2000-01-01

33

Formal operations and simulated thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

For reasons internal to the concepts of thought and causality, a series of representations must be semantics-driven if that series is to add up to a single, unified thought. Where semantics is not operative, there is at most a series of disjoint representations that add up to nothing true or false, and therefore do not constitute a thought at all.

John-Michael Kuczynski

2006-01-01

34

Thought Experiments: Determining Their Meaning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers thought experiment as a special scientific tool that mediates between theory and experiment by mental\\u000a simulation. To clarify the meaning of thought experiment, as required in teaching science, we followed the relevant episodes\\u000a throughout the history of science paying attention to the epistemological status of the performed activity. A definition of\\u000a thought experiment is suggested and its

Igal Galili

2009-01-01

35

Thought suppression in spider phobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examined the role of thought suppression in spider phobia. Spider phobic (n = 41) and non-phobic (n = 40) subjects were asked to monitor their thoughts for three 5 min periods. During the first period, all subjects were instructed to “think about anything”. During the second period, half of the subjects received suppression instructions (i.e., subjects were

Peter Muris; Harald Merckelbach; Robert Horselenberg; Madelon Sijsenaar; Ina Leeuw

1997-01-01

36

Thought Experiments: Determining Their Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers thought experiment as a special scientific tool that mediates between theory and experiment by mental simulation. To clarify the meaning of thought experiment, as required in teaching science, we followed the relevant episodes throughout the history of science paying attention to the epistemological status of the performed…

Galili, Igal

2009-01-01

37

Bon Mots for Bad Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article questions how the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze has been received and connected to the field of curriculum theory. In an effort to reconnect Deleuze-thought to its political force, this essay commences a series of arguments pertaining to the ways in which the revolutionary thought of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari have been…

Wallin, Jason J.

2012-01-01

38

Thought Experiments can be Harmful  

Microsoft Academic Search

for Conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR'01), May 17--19, Pavia, Italy"One real experiment is worth far more that a half century of debate aboutthe meaning of a thought experiment." (Gribbin 1984)"Experience teaches us, however, that there is no such thing as a thought experimentso clearly presented that no philosopher can misinterpret it." (Dennett 1995)This paper presents an argument in three parts:1.

R. I. Damper

39

Automatic transmission  

SciTech Connect

An automatic transmission is described comprising: an automatic transmission mechanism portion comprising a single planetary gear unit and a dual planetary gear unit; carriers of both of the planetary gear units that are integral with one another; an input means for inputting torque to the automatic transmission mechanism, clutches for operatively connecting predetermined ones of planetary gear elements of both of the planetary gear units to the input means and braking means for restricting the rotation of predetermined ones of planetary gear elements of both of the planetary gear units. The clutches are disposed adjacent one another at an end portion of the transmission for defining a clutch portion of the transmission; a first clutch portion which is attachable to the automatic transmission mechanism portion for comprising the clutch portion when attached thereto; a second clutch portion that is attachable to the automatic transmission mechanism portion in place of the first clutch portion for comprising the clutch portion when so attached. The first clutch portion comprising first clutch for operatively connecting the input means to a ring gear of the single planetary gear unit and a second clutch for operatively connecting the input means to a single gear of the automatic transmission mechanism portion. The second clutch portion comprising a the first clutch, the second clutch, and a third clutch for operatively connecting the input member to a ring gear of the dual planetary gear unit.

Miura, M.; Aoki, H.

1988-02-02

40

The relationship of thought suppression and recent rape to disordered eating in emerging adulthood.  

PubMed

This study utilizes a prospective design to examine the interaction of recent rape/attempted rape with individual differences in thought suppression on increases in disordered eating symptoms during late adolescence/emerging adulthood. Thought suppression is the attempt to suppress unwanted thoughts. We propose that emerging adult women who have experienced recent rape/attempted rape and tend to use thought suppression as a coping mechanism are at risk for increases in disordered eating. 319 women completed the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, the Sexual Experiences Survey, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the White Bear Thought Suppression Inventory in their first month of college and three months later. The experience of recent rape/attempted rape in the three months prior to the assessment accounted for unique variance in disordered eating at Time 2. Levels of thought suppression assessed at Time 1 significantly moderated the influence of recent rape/attempted rape on disordered eating at Time 2. PMID:24439617

Collins, Brittany; Fischer, Sarah; Stojek, Monika; Becker, Kendra

2014-02-01

41

The Roles of Negative Career Thoughts and Sense of Coherence in Predicting Career Decision Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between sense of coherence and negative career thoughts was investigated in a non-college-based population to determine the relationship and predictive value of these factors toward career decision status. Participants completed the Orientation to Life Questionnaire, Career Thoughts Inventory, and Career Decision Profile's…

Austin, R. Kirk; Dahl, A. Dennis; Wagner, Bruce D.

2010-01-01

42

Beliefs about Worry and Intrusions: The Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire and its Correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the development of the Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire to measure beliefs about worry and intrusive thoughts. Factor analyses of the scale demonstrated five empirically distinct and relatively stable dimensions of meta-cognition. Four of the factors representing beliefs were: Positive Beliefs About Worry; Negative Beliefs About the Controllability of Thoughts and Corresponding Danger; Cognitive Confidence; and Negative Beliefs about Thoughts

Adrian Wells

1997-01-01

43

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

44

The functional status questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive functional assessment requires thorough and careful inquiry, which is difficult to accomplish in most busy\\u000a clinical practices. This paper examines the reliability and validity of the Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), a brief,\\u000a standardized, self-administered questionnaire designed to provide a comprehensive and feasible assessment of physical, psychological,\\u000a social and role function in ambulatory patients. The FSQ can be completed

Alan M. Jette; Allyson R. Davies; Paul D. Cleary; David R. Calkins; Lisa V. Rubenstein; Arlene Fink; Jacqueline Kosecoff; Roy T. Young; Robert H. Brook; Thomas L. Delbanco

1986-01-01

45

Multimedia in Education: Thought Pieces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six "thought pieces" presented in this document summarize the personal perspectives of conference participants on issues raised in formal or information discussions, but not part of the central themes of the conference or conference papers. They include: (1) "Assuming That..." (Anne Nicol, Apple Computer, Inc.); (2) "A Layered Theory of Design…

Nicol, Anne; And Others

1986-01-01

46

Japanese nationalism and geographical thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been simultaneous emergence in many countries of the world of political disputes over aspects of national history in the 1990s. Geographical knowledge has political implications. Hence it is concerned with the formation of national identity as well as historical knowledge. This paper examines the relationships between Japanese modernisation and geographical thought, the characteristics of school textbooks and geopolitics

Akihiko Takagi

1998-01-01

47

Paradoxical effects of thought suppression  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a first experiment, subjects verbalizing the stream of consciousness for a 5-min period were asked to try not to think of a white bear, but to ring a bell in case they did. As indicated both by mentions and by bell rings, they were unable to suppress the thought as instructed. On being asked after this suppression task to

Daniel M. Wegner; David J. Schneider; Samuel R. Carter III; Teri L. White

1987-01-01

48

Gramscian Thought and Brazilian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the history of Brazilian education, it is only since the 1980s, during the redemocratization of Brazil, that proposals for public education in a socialist perspective have been presented. The past two decades have been marked by a growing interest in Gramscian thought, mainly in the educational field, making possible the elaboration of…

Dore, Rosemary

2009-01-01

49

FORMAL OPERATIONAL THOUGHT AND READING  

Microsoft Academic Search

If reading is viewed as an active cognitive process, then the understanding and evaluation of written material may depend somewhat on the reader's cognitive ability. Furthermore, developmental changes in cognitive ability may be related to changes in reading behavior. This article provides a brief overview of Jean Piaget's theories of cognitive development; characteristics of the formal operational thought period (approximately

Nancy D. Padak

1982-01-01

50

Towards More Thoughtful Health Journalism  

MedlinePLUS

NLM Director’s Comments Transcript Towards More Thoughtful Health Journalism: 05/12/2014 To use the sharing features on this page, please ... information is available in 43 other languages. Your comments about this or any of our podcasts are ...

51

Oral Language: Expression of Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A child's language reflects his thought processes and his level of development. Motor, emotional, and language development all have a direct relationship to the child's cognitive functioning--each follows the pattern of moving from gross and loosely differentiated states to refined and differentiated systems. Research in early childhood education…

Anastasiow, Nicholas

52

Philosophy of Glasser Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SWF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Philosophy of Glasser Questionnaire was developed. This 15-item scale measuring attitudes toward the philosophy of William Glasser had a coefficient alpha reliability of .77…

Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

53

The Theory of Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To construct a questionnaire, a set tau of permissible questions is drawn up, i.e. questions which can be realized in practice and each of which makes sense in relationship to set E of events or a certain subset of this set. If under the fixed conditions ...

P. P. Parkhomenko

1970-01-01

54

Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Diet History Questionnaire Today's date: MONTH DAY YEAR |___|___| 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 01 Jan 02 Feb 03 Mar 04 Apr 05 May 06 Jun 07 Jul 08 Aug 09 Sep 10 Oct 11 Nov 12

55

The Gay Identity Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development of the Gay Identity Questionnaire (GIQ) which was derived from tenets of the Homosexual Identity Formation (HIF) model proposed by Cass in 1979. The GIQ is a brief measure that may be used by clinicians and researchers for identifying gay males in the various stages of homosexual identity formation. The test construction procedures included the

Stephen Brady; Wilma J. Busse

1994-01-01

56

Some thoughts on theoretical physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some thoughts are presented on the inter-relation between beauty and truth in science in general and theoretical physics in particular. Some conjectural procedures that can be used to create new ideas, concepts and results are illustrated in both Boltzmann-Gibbs and nonextensive statistical mechanics. The sociological components of scientific progress and its unavoidable and benefic controversies are, mainly through existing literary texts, briefly addressed as well. Short essay based on the plenary talk given at the International Workshop on Trends and Perspectives in Extensive and Non-Extensive Statistical Mechanics, held in November 19-21, 2003, in Angra dos Reis, Brazil.

Tsallis, Constantino

2004-12-01

57

Assessing Academic Potential for University Admission: The Biographical Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Biographical Questionnaire (BQ) has been used in the Faculty of Humanities at the University of the Witwatersrand since the mid-80s, to identify potential to succeed at university among applicants who have not met the requirements for automatic admission. As the key instrument in a special admissions process, the BQ's history and assumptions are…

Enslin, P. A.; Button, A.; Chakane, M.; de Groot, M.; Dison, L.

2006-01-01

58

Automatic transmission  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an automatic transmission including a fluid torque converter, a first gear unit having three forward-speed gears and a single reverse gear, a second gear unit having a low-speed gear and a high-speed gear, and a hydraulic control system, the hydraulic control system comprising: a source of pressurized fluid; a first shift valve for controlling the shifting between the first-speed gear and the second-speed gear of the first gear unit; a second shift valve for controlling the shifting between the second-speed gear and the third-speed gear of the first gear unit; a third shift valve equipped with a spool having two positions for controlling the shifting between the low-speed gear and the high-speed gear of the second gear unit; a manual selector valve having a plurality of shift positions for distributing the pressurized fluid supply from the source of pressurized fluid to the first, second and third shift valves respectively; first, second and third solenoid valves corresponding to the first, second and third shift valves, respectively for independently controlling the operation of the respective shift valves, thereby establishing a six forward-speed automatic transmission by combining the low-speed gear and the high-speed gear of the second gear unit with each of the first-speed gear, the second speed gear and the third-speed gear of the first gear unit; and means to fixedly position the spool of the third shift valve at one of the two positions by supplying the pressurized fluid to the third shift valve when the manual selector valve is shifted to a particular shift position, thereby locking the second gear unit in one of low-speed gear and the high-speed gear, whereby the six forward-speed automatic transmission is converted to a three forward-speed automatic transmission when the manual selector valve is shifted to the particular shift position.

Miki, N.

1988-10-11

59

Automatic transmission  

SciTech Connect

An automatic transmission is described, comprising: a torque converter including an impeller having a connected member, a turbine having an input member and a reactor; and an automatic transmission mechanism having first to third clutches and plural gear units including a single planetary gear unit with a ring gear and a dual planetary gear unit with a ring gear. The single and dual planetary gear units have respective carriers integrally coupled with each other and respective sun gears integrally coupled with each other, the input member of the turbine being coupled with the ring gear of the single planetary gear unit through the first clutch, and being coupled with the sun gear through the second clutch. The connected member of the impeller is coupled with the ring gear of the dual planetary gear of the dual planetary gear unit is made to be and ring gear of the dual planetary gear unit is made to be restrained as required, and the carrier is coupled with an output member.

Aoki, H.

1989-03-21

60

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

61

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

SciTech Connect

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

62

Bullying, Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Thoughts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 2,088 Norwegian eighth-graders found that both bullies and victims had higher scores on measures of suicidal thoughts. Victims had significantly higher scores on depressive thoughts. Whether bullies, victims, or neutral, girls had significantly higher scores than boys on both suicidal and depressive thoughts. (Contains 48 references.)…

Roland, Erling

2002-01-01

63

Bullying, depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bullies, victims and pupils neutral to bullyingwere compared on depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts.The sample included 2,088 Norwegian boys and girls in grade 8. The results revealed that both bullies and victims had significantly higher mean scores than neutral pupils on both depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. Victims had a significantly higher mean score on depressive thoughts than the bullies.

Erling Roland

2002-01-01

64

Thought suppression, intelligence, and working memory capacity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of individual differences in intelligence and working memory capacity in predicting the ability to intentionally suppress thoughts was investigated. Sixty participants completed a thought suppression task, and measures of working memory capacity (OSPAN), fluid intelligence (Raven’s Matrices), and crystallised intelligence (the National Adult Reading Test). As predicted, the results indicated that more effective thought suppression was independently related

C. R. Brewin; A. Beaton

2002-01-01

65

Thoughts on the condolence letter.  

PubMed

Genuine, specific, timely emotional support of caregivers at the time of euthanasia is an important part of the veterinary professional obligation. Such support helps ease client pain during the grieving process. However, caution and sensitivity are essential when assessing and responding to caregiver-companion animal relationships.(1) For example, some caregivers are highly bonded but conceal their emotions, so our perceptions and responses must be thoughtful and discerning. My veterinary technician and I are supportive of our clients during euthanasia. I later write the condolence letter according to our perceptions of that particular human-companion animal bond. The only exceptions to our attempt to be thoroughly supportive at the time of euthanasia are those instances when we perceive that there has been obvious and willful abuse or neglect. At such times, we try to maintain emotional neutrality. The condolence letter and its variations described here are intended to serve as a guide. We send the condolence letter to caregivers within 24 hours of euthanasia, and it is addressed to the entire family. In addition, a euthanasia packet is provided at the time of euthanasia. The packet includes 2 brochures on coping with the loss of a companion animal, (2,3) contact information for a pet loss support hotline and a pet loss support group, an essay and a poem about the death of a companion animal, and a how-to article on dealing with children and their emotions on the loss of a pet. (4) My veterinary technician almost always phones the caregiver 1 to 3 days after euthanasia of their companion animal. The timing of the call depends on the circumstances of death and our judgment as to the emotional needs of the caregiver and family. Where emotions around euthanasia and loss are especially deep, the follow-up call may be made as early as that night or the next morning, with a second call 2 to 3 days later. The nature of the conversation depends on the technician's perception of the caregiver's needs. A condolence letter should reflect the needs and values of the individual veterinarian. For example, McElyea includes a brief history or profile of the animal and a reminder that death was easy and without suffering. (5) Others may wish to send a separate condolence to a child who seems especially affected by the death and loss of their special friend. I hope this article will encourage colleagues to hand-write condolence letters that reflect positive personal thoughts and feelings about the patient, the client, and the circumstances of the loss. PMID:11128536

Feldmann, B M

2000-11-15

66

Some thoughts on Mercurian resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtually all scenarios on Solar System development ignore Mercury, but such inattention is probably undeserved. Once viable lunar and (probably) asteroidal facilities are established in the next century, Mercury warrants further investigation. Mercury's high solar energy density is a major potential advantage for space-based industries. Indeed, despite its higher gravity, Mercury is roughly twice as easy to leave as the Moon if the additional solar flux is taken into account. Moreover, with solar-driven technologies such as solar sails or electric propulsion, its depth in the Sun's gravity well is less important. Because Mercury is airless and almost certainly waterless, it will be an obvious place to export lunar technology, which will have been developed to deal with very similar conditions. Methods for extracting resources from anhydrous silicates will be particularly germane. Even without solar-powered propulsion, the discovery of low-delta-V access via multiple Venus and Earth encounters makes the planet easier to reach than had been thought. Technology developed for multi-year missions to asteroids and Mars should be readily adaptable to such Mercurian missions. Mercury will not be our first outpost in the Solar System. Nonetheless, as facilities are established in cis-Earth space, it probably merits attention as a next step for development.

Gillett, Stephen L.

67

Palmer Automatic Weather Station  

NSF Publications Database

Title : Palmer Automatic Weather Station Type : Antarctic EAM NSF Org: OD / OPP Date : December 06 ... Environmental Action Memorandum (Palmer Automatic Weather Station) To: Files (S.7 - Environment ...

68

Neuroticism, Life Events and Negative Thoughts in the Development of Depression in Adolescent Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theories of depression suggest that cognitive and environmental factors may explain the relationship between personality and depression. This study tested such a model in early adolescence, incorporating neuroticism, stress-generation and negative automatic thoughts in the development of depressive symptoms. Participants (896 girls, mean age 12.3…

Kercher, Amy J.; Rapee, Ronald M.; Schniering, Carolyn A.

2009-01-01

69

Cognitive substrates in semantic memory of formal thought disorder in schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formal thought disorder (FTD) has been associated with abnormalities in the semantic memory system. However, it is still unclear whether these abnormalities are related to the organization of the semantic system, or to the automatic spread of activation-inhibition in semantic networks. In this paper these alternative proposals are examined. Schizophrenic patients and healthy matched controls were given two semantic memory

M. F. Soriano; J. F. Jiménez; P. Román; M. T. Bajo

2008-01-01

70

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

71

Diet History Questionnaire: International Applications  

Cancer.gov

ARP staff adapted the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) for use by Canadian populations in collaboration with the Alberta Cancer Board. This questionnaire takes into account the different food fortification polices of the US and Canada.

72

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Cancer.gov

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

73

ATBC Study - Questionnaires and Forms  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Home Contact Us Links Study Details Questionnaires & Forms Current Projects ATBC Study Bibliography Study Investigators & Collaborators Proposal Review & Collaboration Research Consortium Projects Questionnaires & Forms Baseline

74

Software Acquisition Process Maturity Questionnaire.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This package contains a copy of the software acquisition process maturity questionnaire. It is intended for those interested in performing and learning about software acquisition process appraisals. This questionnaire is not an appraisal method itself; ra...

J. Ferguson J. Cooper M. Falat M. Fisher A. Guido

1997-01-01

75

Automatic transmission  

SciTech Connect

1. An automatic transmission with four forward speeds and one reverse position, is described which consists of: an input shaft; an output member; first and second planetary gear sets each having a sun gear, a ring gear and a carrier supporting a pinion in mesh with the sun gear and ring gear; the carrier of the first gear set, the ring gear of the second gear set and the output member all being connected; the ring gear of the first gear set connected to the carrier of the second gear set; a first clutch means for selectively connecting the input shaft to the sun gear of the first gear set, including friction elements, a piston selectively engaging the friction elements and a fluid servo in which hydraulic fluid is selectively supplied to the piston; a second clutch means for selectively connecting the input shaft to the sun gear of the second gear set a third clutch means for selectively connecting the input shaft to the carrier of the second gear set including friction elements, a piston selectively engaging the friction elements and a fluid servo in which hydraulic fluid is selectively supplied to the piston; a first drive-establishing means for selectively preventing rotation of the ring gear of the first gear set and the carrier of the second gear set in only one direction and, alternatively, in any direction; a second drive-establishing means for selectively preventing rotation of the sun gear of the second gear set; and a drum being open to the first planetary gear set, with a cylindrical intermediate wall, an inner peripheral wall and outer peripheral wall and forming the hydraulic servos of the first and third clutch means between the intermediate wall and the inner peripheral wall and between the intermediate wall and the outer peripheral wall respectively.

Miura, M.; Inuzuka, T.

1986-08-26

76

Automatic mathematical modeling for space application  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology for automatic mathematical modeling is described. The major objective is to create a very friendly environment for engineers to design, maintain and verify their model and also automatically convert the mathematical model into FORTRAN code for conventional computation. A demonstration program was designed for modeling the Space Shuttle Main Engine simulation mathematical model called Propulsion System Automatic Modeling (PSAM). PSAM provides a very friendly and well organized environment for engineers to build a knowledge base for base equations and general information. PSAM contains an initial set of component process elements for the Space Shuttle Main Engine simulation and a questionnaire that allows the engineer to answer a set of questions to specify a particular model. PSAM is then able to automatically generate the model and the FORTRAN code. A future goal is to download the FORTRAN code to the VAX/VMS system for conventional computation.

Wang, Caroline K.

1987-01-01

77

I haven't thought about this for years! Dating recent recalls of vivid memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In three studies, we examined memories for previous recall. In Studies 1 and 2, undergraduates were asked whether they had vivid memories about various childhood events. After a one-hour (Study 1) or 2-week (Study 2) interval, they completed a second questionnaire containing new, but also previously presented childhood items. Participants estimated how recently they had thought about old and

Harald Merckelbach; Tom Smeets; Elke Geraerts; Marko Jelicic; Anne Bouwen; Elke Smeets

2006-01-01

78

Individual differences in thought suppression. The White Bear Suppression Inventory: Factor structure, reliability, validity and correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The White Bear Suppression Inventory [WBSI; Wegner, D. M. & Zanakos, S. (1994), Journal of Personality, 62, 615–640] is a self-report questionnaire measuring people's general tendency to suppress unwanted negative thoughts. The current article describes two studies investigating the reliability, factor structure, validity, and correlates of the WBSI. Study 1 (n = 172) showed that the WBSI is a reliable

Peter Muris; Harald Merckelbach; Robert Horselenberg

1996-01-01

79

Thought-shape fusion and body image in eating disorders  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships among thought–shape fusion (TSF), specific instruments to assess body image disturbances, and body image quality of life in eating disorder patients in order to improve the understanding of the links between body image concerns and a specific bias consisting of beliefs about the consequences of thinking about forbidden foods. Patients and methods The final sample included 76 eating disorder patients (mean age 20.13 ± 2.28 years; 59 women and seven men). After having obtained informed consent, the following questionnaires were administered: Body Appreciation Scale (BAS), Body Image Quality of Life Inventory (BIQLI-SP), Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and Thought-Shape Fusion Questionnaire (TSF-Q). Results Significant correlations were found between TSF-Q and body image-related variables. Those with higher scores in TSF showed higher scores in the BSQ (P < 0.0001), Eating Disorder Inventory – Drive for Thinness (EDI-DT) (P < 0.0001), and Eating Disorder Inventory – Body Dissatisfaction (EDI-BD) (P < 0.0001). The same patients showed lower scores in the BAS (P < 0.0001). With respect to the psychopathological variables, patients with high TSF obtained higher scores in all SCL-90-R subscales as well as in the STAI. Conclusion The current study shows the interrelations among different body image-related variables, TSF, and body image quality of life.

Jauregui-Lobera, Ignacio; Bolanos-Rios, Patricia; Ruiz-Prieto, Inmaculada

2012-01-01

80

The (perceived) meaning of spontaneous thoughts.  

PubMed

Spontaneous thoughts, the output of a broad category of uncontrolled and inaccessible higher order mental processes, arise frequently in everyday life. The seeming randomness by which spontaneous thoughts arise might give people good reason to dismiss them as meaningless. We suggest that it is precisely the lack of control over and access to the processes by which they arise that leads people to perceive spontaneous thoughts as revealing meaningful self-insight. Consequently, spontaneous thoughts potently influence judgment. A series of experiments provides evidence supporting two hypotheses. First, we hypothesize that the more a thought is perceived to be spontaneous, the more it is perceived to provide meaningful self-insight. Participants perceived more spontaneous kinds of thought (e.g., intuition) to reveal greater self-insight than did more controlled kinds of thought in Study 1 (e.g., deliberation). In Studies 2 and 3, participants perceived thoughts with the same content and target to reveal greater self-insight when spontaneously rather than deliberately generated (i.e., childhood memories and impressions formed). Second, we hypothesize that the greater self-insight attributed to thoughts that are (perceived to be) spontaneous leads those thoughts to more potently influence judgment. Participants felt more sexually attracted to an attractive person whom they thought of spontaneously than deliberately in Study 4, and reported their commitment to a current romantic relationship would be more affected by the spontaneous rather than deliberate recollection of a good or bad experience with their romantic partner in Study 5. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24820251

Morewedge, Carey K; Giblin, Colleen E; Norton, Michael I

2014-08-01

81

Avoidance from Thought Experiments: Fear of Misconception  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two independent lines of research--mental simulations and thought experiments--provide strong arguments about the importance of perceptual modalities for the instructional practices in science education. By situating the use of mental simulations in the framework of thought experiments, this study investigated the nature and the role of mental…

Ozdemir, Omer Faruk

2009-01-01

82

Beyond words: Sensory properties of depressive thoughts.  

PubMed

Verbal thoughts (such as negative cognitions) and sensory phenomena (such as visual mental imagery) are usually conceptualised as distinct mental experiences. The present study examined to what extent depressive thoughts are accompanied by sensory experiences and how this is associated with symptom severity, insight of illness and quality of life. A large sample of mildly to moderately depressed patients (N = 356) was recruited from multiple sources and asked about sensory properties of their depressive thoughts in an online study. Diagnostic status and symptom severity were established over a telephone interview with trained raters. Sensory properties of negative thoughts were reported by 56.5% of the sample (i.e., sensation in at least one sensory modality). The highest prevalence was seen for bodily (39.6%) followed by auditory (30.6%) and visual (27.2%) sensations. Patients reporting sensory properties of thoughts showed more severe psychopathological symptoms than those who did not. The degree of perceptuality was marginally associated with quality of life. The findings support the notion that depressive thoughts are not only verbal but commonly accompanied by sensory experiences. The perceptuality of depressive thoughts and the resulting sense of authenticity may contribute to the emotional impact and pervasiveness of such thoughts, making them difficult to dismiss for their holder. PMID:24359124

Moritz, Steffen; Hörmann, Claudia Cecile; Schröder, Johanna; Berger, Thomas; Jacob, Gitta A; Meyer, Björn; Holmes, Emily A; Späth, Christina; Hautzinger, Martin; Lutz, Wolfgang; Rose, Matthias; Klein, Jan Philipp

2014-09-01

83

Teachers' Thought Processes. Occasional Paper No. 72.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review summarizes and synthesizes the research literature on teachers' thought processes from about 1970 to 1983. The literature is organized under four major headings: teacher planning, teachers' interactive thoughts and decisions, teachers' attributions, and teachers' implicit theories. The paper also includes a theoretical model of the…

Clark, Christopher M.; Peterson, Penelope L.

84

Male-Female Differences in Formal Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to clarify the influence of experiences and aptitudes on male-female differences in formal thought. Participants were 788 seventh-, ninth-, and eleventh-graders in three school districts differing in location, socioeconomic composition, and course offerings. Formal thought was measured with tasks involving proportional…

Linn, Marcia C.

85

Discovering Supervisors' Thought Patterns through Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the thoughts, related schema, and decision-making of student teaching supervisors as they go about their work of supervision. Twelve practicing supervisors were asked to write their thoughts on a three-stage data gathering, circle instrument. These concepts were weighted to reflect the significance each concept had in the…

Niemeyer, Roger C.; Moon, R. Arden

86

Paper to Electronic Questionnaires: Effects on Structured Questionnaire Forms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the use of computers, paper questionnaires are being replaced by electronic questionnaires. The formats of traditional paper questionnaires have been found to effect a subject's rating. Consequently, the transition from paper to electronic format can subtly change results. The research presented begins to determine how electronic questionnaire formats change subjective ratings. For formats where subjects used a flow chart to arrive at their rating, starting at the worst and middle ratings of the flow charts were the most accurate but subjects took slightly more time to arrive at their answers. Except for the electronic paper format, starting at the worst rating was the most preferred. The paper and electronic paper versions had the worst accuracy. Therefore, for flowchart type of questionnaires, flowcharts should start at the worst rating and work their way up to better ratings.

Trujillo, Anna C.

2009-01-01

87

Using suggestion to model different types of automatic writing.  

PubMed

Our sense of self includes awareness of our thoughts and movements, and our control over them. This feeling can be altered or lost in neuropsychiatric disorders as well as in phenomena such as "automatic writing" whereby writing is attributed to an external source. Here, we employed suggestion in highly hypnotically suggestible participants to model various experiences of automatic writing during a sentence completion task. Results showed that the induction of hypnosis, without additional suggestion, was associated with a small but significant reduction of control, ownership, and awareness for writing. Targeted suggestions produced a double dissociation between thought and movement components of writing, for both feelings of control and ownership, and additionally, reduced awareness of writing. Overall, suggestion produced selective alterations in the control, ownership, and awareness of thought and motor components of writing, thus enabling key aspects of automatic writing, observed across different clinical and cultural settings, to be modelled. PMID:24657632

Walsh, E; Mehta, M A; Oakley, D A; Guilmette, D N; Gabay, A; Halligan, P W; Deeley, Q

2014-05-01

88

Attitudes to smoking on submarines: results of a questionnaire study.  

PubMed

An anonymous survey to assess the attitudes to smoking of men serving on two Trident Nuclear submarines was conducted by questionnaire. A total of 244 questionnaires were completed, representing 87% of the two crews. Thirty-two percent of respondents declared themselves to be smokers, 69% were nonsmokers, and of these, 31% were ex-smokers. Attitudes of all respondents to an enforced ban of smoking on submarines indicated that 55% felt that it would be justifiable, 46% felt that it would be unfair, 42% felt that it was uncalled for, 46% thought that it would be illegal, and 47% thought that a ban was about time. The separate opinions of smokers and nonsmokers were polarized, whereas the overall results indicate indifferent attitudes of crew members. Further research into the atmospheric effects of environmental tobacco smoke on a submarine is required. PMID:12125854

Norris, William D; Brims, Fraser J H

2002-07-01

89

Leg automaticity is stronger than arm automaticity during simultaneous arm and leg cycling.  

PubMed

Recent studies indicate that human locomotion is quadrupedal in nature. An automatic rhythm-generating system is thought to play a crucial role in controlling arm and leg movements. In the present study, we attempted to elucidate differences between intrinsic arm and leg automaticity by investigating cadence variability during simultaneous arm and leg (AL) cycling. Participants performed AL cycling with visual feedback of arm or leg cadence. Participants were asked to focus their attention to match the predetermined cadence; this affects the automaticity of the rhythm-generating system. Leg cadence variability was only mildly affected when the participants intended to precisely adjust either their arm or leg cycling cadence to a predetermined value. In contrast, arm cadence variability significantly increased when the participants adjusted their leg cycling cadence to a predetermined value. These findings suggest that different neural mechanisms underlie the automaticities of arm and leg cycling and that the latter is stronger than the former during AL cycling. PMID:24548625

Sakamoto, Masanori; Tazoe, Toshiki; Nakajima, Tsuyoshi; Endoh, Takashi; Komiyama, Tomoyoshi

2014-04-01

90

Validating a Writing Strategy Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the validation of a writing strategies questionnaire and presents the various stages in the validation process. The questionnaire was validated using a qualitative and quantitative method with two groups of participants from the target population--advanced nonnative speakers of English. (VWL)

Petric, Bojana; Czarl, Bernadett

2003-01-01

91

The Effects of Decision-Making Style and Cognitive Thought Patterns on Negative Career Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People's thoughts and beliefs about themselves and their career options affect their ability to make decisions. Career counselors would benefit from knowing the factors that contribute to negative career thoughts. This study examined two unexplored factors that may affect the development and maintenance of negative career thoughts, decision-making…

Paivandy, Sheba; Bullock, Emily E.; Reardon, Robert C.; Kelly, F. Donald

2008-01-01

92

Undirected thought: neural determinants and correlates.  

PubMed

While goal-directed thinking has received the lion's share of neuroscientific attention, its counterpart--the undirected thought flow that comes to mind unbidden and without effort--has remained largely on the sidelines of scientific research. Such undirected thought, however, forms a large part of our mental experience. The last decade of neuroscientific investigations marked a resurgence of interest and work into the neural basis of undirected thought. This article reviews the current status of the field and examines the research on the three most frequently discussed categories of undirected thought: spontaneous thought, stimulus-independent thought, and mind wandering. The terminology and paradigms for investigating undirected thought are still being developed, while research is gradually moving beyond strictly task- and rest-based paradigms and towards incorporating introspective first-person reports in order to better understand this phenomenon. It is impossible to say at this point that undirected thinking is preferentially linked to any one particular brain system. Although its connection to the default network has been disproportionately emphasized in the literature, other brain networks such as the executive system and the temporal lobe memory network appear to be equally involved. In addition to reviewing the literature, this article also presents novel findings regarding the functional connectivity between large-scale brain networks during mind wandering. These findings reveal the presence of positive functional connectivity between regions of the default and executive networks and negative functional connectivity between the default network and primary sensory cortices. Thus, the default and executive networks can closely cooperate in supporting undirected thought processes, and seem to do so at times when the primary sensory cortices are not busy with the processing of perceptual information from the external environment. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled The Cognitive Neuroscience of Thought. PMID:22071565

Christoff, Kalina

2012-01-01

93

Automatic sources of aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we review research on automaticity with particular relevance to aggression. Once triggered by environmental features, preconscious automatic processes run to completion without any conscious monitoring. The basic experimental technique for studying automatic processes is priming. We review studies showing that priming, including subliminal priming, of mental constructs related to aggression leads to reliable effects on perceptions, judgments,

Alexander Todorov; John A. Bargh

2002-01-01

94

Distorted, Negative Thoughts Linked to Suicide Risk  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Distorted, Negative Thoughts Linked to Suicide Risk Treatments should focus on cognitive approach to ... Preidt Thursday, May 1, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Page Suicide THURSDAY, May 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People who ...

95

Amazon River Cycles Carbon Faster than Thought  

NSF Publications Database

... 05-126Amazon River Cycles Carbon Faster than Thought Carbon is Returned to Atmosphere in Five Short ... gas carbon dioxide far faster - than anyone realized. Most of the carbon being exhaled as carbon ...

96

Cognitive self-consciousness and meta-worry and their relations to symptoms of worry and obsessional thoughts.  

PubMed

The relation between cognitive self-consciousness and meta-worry, and their association with symptoms of worry and obsessional thoughts were examined. 53 undergraduate students completed the expanded version of the Cognitive Self-consciousness Scale, the Meta-worry subscale of the Anxious Thoughts Inventory, the Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and the Padua Inventory-Revised. Analysis showed that cognitive self-consciousness and meta-worry were moderately correlated (r =.57). Further, both constructs were positively associated with symptoms of worry and obsessional thoughts. When controlling for cognitive self-consciousness, metaworry remained significantly correlated to both types of symptoms. Yet, when controlling for meta-worry, correlations between cognitive self-consciousness and symptoms of worry and obsessional thoughts clearly attuned and were no longer significant. These findings suggest that meta-worry is more important for understanding excessive, intrusive thought patterns than the mere tendency to monitor one's thoughts. PMID:15825931

de Bruin, Gwendolijn Olivia; Rassin, Eric; Muris, Peter

2005-02-01

97

Key Person Questionnaire Baseline Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is from a USAC series produced by the Franklin Institute Research Laboratories designed to explore IMIS impacts on city administrative organization and behavior. The Key Person Questionnaire, which forms the basis for this report, examines basi...

S. R. Enion

1975-01-01

98

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

99

The Michigan data needs questionnaire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The data needs questionnaire is an element in the project design study for the Michigan Resource Inventory Act and is aimed at gathering information on what inventory information is required by land use planners throughout the state. Analysis of questionnaire responses is discussed. Some information on current use categories was tabulated. The respondents selected a broad range of categories at all levels of detail. Those most frequently indicated were urban categories.

Hill-Rowley, R.

1981-01-01

100

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

101

Weight Status, Psychological Health, Suicidal Thoughts, and Suicide Attempts in Dutch Adolescents: Results From the 2003 E-MOVO Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the association between weight status and psychological health, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts in adolescents from a population-based study of 21,730 adolescents who responded to a classroom-based internet questionnaire. It demonstrated clear associations between weight status in adolescents and poor psychological health, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts, especially in obese individuals. Obese boys and girls were more

Lisa G. C. van Wijnen; Petra R. Boluijt; Henriette B. Hoeven-Mulder; Wanda J. E. Bemelmans; G. C. Wanda Wendel-Vos

2010-01-01

102

Study and application of automatic scoring technology in C programming test  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new automatic scoring method which combines the key statement points with the lexical or grammatical error analysis is proposed for programming test through the simulation of manual scoring. Through the experiments, the proposed method fundamentally corresponds with the thought process of manual scoring. Also, the probability distribution of the automatic scoring result is similar to the one of manual

Fengxia Yang; Guoxiang Liu

2012-01-01

103

Are Automatic Imitation and Spatial Compatibility Mediated by Different Processes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Automatic imitation or "imitative compatibility" is thought to be mediated by the mirror neuron system and to be a laboratory model of the motor mimicry that occurs spontaneously in naturalistic social interaction. Imitative compatibility and spatial compatibility effects are known to depend on different stimulus dimensions--body…

Cooper, Richard P.; Catmur, Caroline; Heyes, Cecilia

2013-01-01

104

Automatic differentiation bibliography  

SciTech Connect

This is a bibliography of work related to automatic differentiation. Automatic differentiation is a technique for the fast, accurate propagation of derivative values using the chain rule. It is neither symbolic nor numeric. Automatic differentiation is a fundamental tool for scientific computation, with applications in optimization, nonlinear equations, nonlinear least squares approximation, stiff ordinary differential equation, partial differential equations, continuation methods, and sensitivity analysis. This report is an updated version of the bibliography which originally appeared in Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application.

Corliss, G.F. (comp.)

1992-07-01

105

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2009-04-01

106

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2010-04-01

107

Language, Thought, and Memory in Linguistic Performance: A Thought View and the First Two Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experimental hypotheses are proposed which assert (1) that "thought" and "language" are distinct but both are part of linguistic performance; (2) that "thought" is central, and "language" is a symbolic system that one uses to refer in various ways to what he thinks; and (3) that immediate memory works with utterances and linguistic texts over a…

Lado, Robert; Higgs, Theodore

108

Context Representation and Thought Disorder in Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Formal thought disorder (FTD) in schizophrenia is related to a disturbance in the representation of contextual information. This study aimed to assess the extent to which the ‘context module’ is disturbed in patients with schizophrenia. The context module is needed to mediate an appropriate behavioral response. It comprises 2 cognitive functions, namely working memory and behavioral inhibition, and is

Daniela Roesch-Ely; Manfred Spitzer; Stefan Kaiser; Matthias Weisbrod; Ute Pfueller

2010-01-01

109

Career Thoughts Inventory: A Review and Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous career interest measures are available. Information on one such career inventory, the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI) is presented here. The instrument is a self-administered assessment and intervention tool designed to provide a measure of dysfunctional thinking in career problem solving and decision making. The inventory is intended for…

Gilbert, Helga Burke

110

Tracking the Construction of Episodic Future Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to mentally simulate possible futures ("episodic future thinking") is of fundamental importance for various aspects of human cognition and behavior, but precisely how humans construct mental representations of future events is still essentially unknown. We suggest that episodic future thoughts consist of transitory patterns of…

D'Argembeau, Arnaud; Mathy, Arnaud

2011-01-01

111

Some Critical Thoughts on Expressed Emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a brief description of the principal findings which emerge from the studies on expressed emotion (EE), the author puts forward a few critical thoughts based on a systemic orientation. He explains why the variable EE evaluated on the basis of the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) does not sufficiently reflect the dynamic reality of the family interactions and, in particular,

F. Seywert

1984-01-01

112

Japanese Maritime Thought: If Not Mahan, Who.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The late Colonel John Boyd,who knew a thing or two about strategic thought, was fond of declaring that excellence in warfare and other human endeavors depended on people, ideas, and hardware-in that order. We postulate that Japan has lost sight of this co...

J. R. Holmes T. Yoshihara

2006-01-01

113

The Minutes of the Thought-Police  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leaked minutes of a high-level meeting on 17 October 1984 reveal the plans of Taiwan's military government for further suppressing ‘thought pollution’, ‘cultural pollution’ and ‘illegal opinions’The following are the minutes of a secret meeting of high officials in Taiwan in which the participants discuss how political dissent, especially unofficial magazines, can most effectively be controlled or repressed. The

James Seymour

1985-01-01

114

Thought Suppression in Patients With Bipolar Disorder  

PubMed Central

Suppression of negative thoughts has been observed under experimental conditions among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) but has never been examined among patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Patients with BD (n = 36), patients with MDD (n = 20), and healthy controls (n = 20) completed a task that required unscrambling 6-word strings into 5-word sentences, leaving out 1 word. The extra word allowed the sentences to be completed in a negative, neutral, or “hyperpositive” (manic/goal-oriented) way. Participants completed the sentences under conditions of cognitive load (rehearsing a 6-digit number), reward (a bell tone), load and reward, or neither load nor reward. We hypothesized that patients with BD would engage in more active suppression of negative and hyperpositive thoughts than would controls, as revealed by their unscrambling more word strings into negative or hyperpositive sentences. Under conditions of load or reward and in the absence of either load or reward, patients with BD unscrambled more negative sentences than did controls. Under conditions of reward, patients with BD unscrambled more negative sentences than did patients with MDD. Patients with BD also reported more use of negative thought suppression than did controls. These group differences in negative biases were no longer significant when current mood states were controlled. Finally, the groups did not differ in the proportion of hyperpositive sentence completions in any condition. Thought suppression may provide a critical locus for psychological interventions in BD.

Miklowitz, David J.; Alatiq, Yousra; Geddes, John R.; Goodwin, Guy M.; Williams, J. Mark G.

2010-01-01

115

The Structure of Concrete Operational Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a four-year longitudinal study of the development of concrete operational thought, children were administered tests assessing seriation; numeration; class inclusion; hierarchical classification; and conservation of mass, weight, and volume. Levels of seriation and numeration skills in kindergarten were powerful predictors of the acquisition of…

Tomlinson-Keasey, C.: And Others

1979-01-01

116

Current Thought on Curriculum. 1985 ASCD Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues and concerns facing both academic scholars and educational practitioners are presented in the following articles: (1) "Schools and Their Curriculum: A Continuing Controversy" (Alex Molnar); (2) "Three Currents of American Curriculum Thought" (Herbert M. Kliebard); (3) "Curriculum Theory/Curriculum Practice: A Gap or the Grand…

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA.

117

Thoughts around the Maternal: A Sociological Viewpoint  

Microsoft Academic Search

'But we never thought you were maternal', my brother said to me in the early weeks following the birth of my first daughter. And indeed I am not sure that I was or have been particularly maternal although I do have three lovely daughters who I love beyond words. But this remark reaffirms how closely women's lives are patterned in

Tina Miller

118

Some Thoughts about Teaching and Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, the author shares some thoughts about teaching and technology and focuses on how technological changes have (or have not) changed teaching. He asserts that technology, and it's role in teaching, has been evolving throughout recorded history. Technological change is not new; if there is any significant difference in the past fifteen…

Glassman, William E.

2010-01-01

119

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire (NPAQ) A1 In a USUAL WEEK, do you cycle in or around your new neighbourhood or new local area to get to or from somewhere (such as cycling to a shop or to public transport) or for recreation, health or fitness (including cycling with your dog)?

120

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Elderly Japanese (PAQ-EJ) 1 Over 7 typical days, how often did you take a walk or ride a bicycle on errands such as going to or from a store or taking children to school?

121

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) 13 Do you do any moderate-intensity sports, fitness or recreational (leisure) activities that causes a small increase in breathing or heart rate such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, volleyball) for at least 10 minutes continuously?

122

Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

123

An Expanded Attributional Style Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigations of the learned helplessness model of depression have been hampered by the modest reliability of measures of explanatory style: the habitual tendency to explain bad events with internal, stable, and global causes. We describe a new measure of explanatory style, the Expanded Attributional Style Questionnaire, and its use in a preliminary study with 140 college students. Individual dimensions of

Christopher Peterson; Peter Villanova

1988-01-01

124

Do Questionnaires Tell the Truth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent project in higher education in which evidence of falsification was found is described along with two other projects that demonstrate the possibility for falsification. An advantage of standardized questionnaires and machine techniques for scoring and reporting is the low cost, but the need to detect and prevent falsification raises…

Turner, Joseph

1977-01-01

125

Toward automatic program synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

An elementary outline of the theorem-proving approach to automatic program synthesis is given, without dwelling on technical details. The method is illustrated by the automatic construction of both recursive and iterative programs operating on natural numbers, lists, and trees.In order to construct a program satisfying certain specifications, a theorem induced by those specifications is proved, and the desired program is

Zohar Manna; Richard J. Waldinger

1971-01-01

126

The nuclear dilemma in American strategic thought  

SciTech Connect

Since the end of World War II, the United States has faced moral and strategic issues in its management of force that are unique in the history of international politics. At the heart of these issues is the heavy reliance of the United States and its allies on the deterrent effect of nuclear weapons and the fact that their use would very likely lead to self-defeating destruction and ecological catastrophe. This dilemma affects every major military decision and strategic debate, and the history of U.S. strategic thought can be viewed as an attempt to cope by rejecting, abolishing, or weakening the nuclear specter. In this review, the author explores the evolution of postwar strategic thought in the United States, examining the moral and practical implications of the nuclear dilemma.

Osgood, R.E.

1987-01-01

127

The Dutch Claustrophobia Questionnaire: psychometric properties and predictive validity.  

PubMed

Fear of suffocation and fear of restriction are thought to underlie claustrophobia and can be assessed with the Claustrophobia Questionnaire (CLQ; Radomsky et al., 2001). A first study tested the psychometric properties of a Dutch version of the CLQ. Students (N=363) completed a Dutch translation of the CLQ and a set of other questionnaires assessing other specific fears, anxiety or depression. Results confirmed the two-factor structure and showed that the Dutch version of the CLQ has good psychometric properties. A second study tested the predictive validity of the Dutch CLQ. Participants (N=23) were exposed each to nine claustrophobic situations with elements of suffocation, restriction or both. The Dutch CLQ was found to be a significant predictor of fear and respiratory reactivity during claustrophobic exposure. It can be concluded that the Dutch version of the CLQ is a reliable and valid instrument to assess claustrophobic fear. PMID:20558033

Van Diest, Ilse; Smits, Dirk; Decremer, Davina; Maes, Lori; Claes, Laurence

2010-10-01

128

Social Connections and Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disrupted social connectedness is associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs). The current study sought to further characterize this relationship by examining several indices of social connectedness—(a) living alone, (b) perceived social support, (c) interpersonal conflict, and (d) belongingness. Participants (n = 814) were recruited from 4 residential substance-use treatment programs and completed self-report

Sungeun You; Kimberly A. Van Orden; Kenneth R. Conner

2011-01-01

129

EFFICACY OF PROPRANOLOL ON SCHIZOPHRENIC THOUGHT DISORDER  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY 15 schizophrenic patients were treated with dl-propranolol in a 4 week open study. Dosage was gradually increased over a period of 17 days to 1920 mg/day. Improvements were rated on Thought Disorder Scores (A & B) of the MBPRS and GPRS subscale for schizophrenia. Majority of the patients showed a 50% improvement in terms of their residual scores by the 4th week of treatment and the side effects experienced were minimal.

Sethi, B. B.; Dube, Sanjay

1981-01-01

130

Schools of Thought Related to Criminal Profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter offers a brief overview of the differing schools of thought related to criminal profiling. As discussed in this\\u000a chapter, there currently appears to be three distinct approaches that operate under the respective titles of Criminal Investigative\\u000a Analysis, Investigative Psychology, and Crime Action Profiling. The central ideological tenets and methodological characteristics\\u000a underpinning and differentiating each are briefly outlined.

Richard N. Kocsis

131

Democratic thought and practice in rural China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese democratization is usually thought of as a top-down process sponsored by a reform-minded government and liberal intellectuals. At the turn of the millennium, however, no such development is in sight. Only recently have Western scholars begun to look to the countryside for finding ‘sprouts of democracy’. This study explores village self-government as a possibility of making local political practices

Susanne Brandtstädter; Gunter Schubert

2005-01-01

132

Afterword, and Thoughts About the Future Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This book has collected the thoughts of expert archeologists, paleontologists, and paleoecologists, in addition to a specialist\\u000a in ancient DNA studies, but in the end it is not possible for me as editor to identify a clear majority opinion (and hence\\u000a solve the puzzle of extinction). Borrero (Chapter 8) sees little useful evidence in South America that human foragers had

Reno Reno

133

Tetanic syndrome questionnaire in stutterers.  

PubMed

Clinical symptoms of 32 stutterers--schoolchildren of 14-year average age were evaluated according to the questionnaire containing 45 complaints of tetanic syndrome. We found headache, fatigue, anxiety, paresthesias and hypothermia of limbs in 30 per cent of this group. More than 80 per cent of the patients had positive Chvostek sign and 60 per cent had positive ischemic and hyperventilation tests. PMID:1838877

Chytilová, H; Pesák, J; Steidl, L

1991-01-01

134

Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one’s thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated the factor structure of the EQ in both

David M. Fresco; Michael T. Moore; Manfred H. M. van Dulmen; Zindel V. Segal; S. Helen Ma; John D. Teasdale; J. Mark G. Williams

2007-01-01

135

Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated…

Fresco, David M.; Moore, Michael T.; van Dulmen, Manfred H. M.; Segal, Zindel V.; Ma, S. Helen; Teasdale, John D.; Williams, J. Mark G.

2007-01-01

136

Emphasising Personal Investment Effects Weight Loss and Hedonic Thoughts about Food after Obesity Surgery  

PubMed Central

Obesity surgery is the most effective treatment method for the severely obese but does not work for everyone. Indications are that weight-loss success may be related to individuals' sense of investment in surgery, with failure linked to higher automatic hedonic motivations to consume food and greater susceptibility to food in the environment. A pilot study using an independent experimental design recruited bariatric surgery patients (n = 91) via a UK obesity-surgery charity website who were randomly allocated to either the intervention or the control condition. The intervention involved raising the salience of the personal investment made in having weight-loss surgery in an attempt to reduce automatic hedonic thoughts about food and aid weight loss. Data was collected initially with subsequent weight loss measured at 3 months of follow-up. Following the intervention, participants reported significantly reduced hedonic thoughts, increased liking for low-fat foods, reduced liking of high-fat food, and higher self-efficacy for achieving sustained weight loss than controls. By 3 months, this was translated into significant differences in mean weight losses of 6.77?kg for the intervention group and 0.91?kg for control participants. To conclude, a quick simple cost-effective intervention encouraging participants to focus on investment helped weight loss and changed hedonic thoughts about food in bariatric patients.

2014-01-01

137

Violent thoughts and violent behavior following hospitalization for mental disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a standardized schedule of questions, this study examined (a) the prevalence of self-report of violent thoughts by patients hospitalized for mental disorders compared with nonpatients, (b) the persistence of violent thoughts after discharge, and (c) the relation between patients' violent thoughts while hospitalized and violent acts within 20 weeks after hospital discharge. About 1\\/3 of the patients reported thoughts

Thomas Grisso; Jeffrey Davis; Roumen Vesselinov; Paul S. Appelbaum; John Monahan

2000-01-01

138

Automatic Pedestrian Counter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Emerging sensor technologies accelerated the shift toward automatic pedestrian counting methods to acquire reliable long-term data for transportation design, planning, and safety studies. Although a number of commercial pedestrian sensors are available, t...

B. Bartin H. Yang K. Ozbay R. Walla R. Williams

2010-01-01

139

Automatic amino acid analyzer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analyzer operates unattended or up to 15 hours. It has an automatic sample injection system and can be programmed. All fluid-flow valve switching is accomplished pneumatically from miniature three-way solenoid pilot valves.

Berdahl, B. J.; Carle, G. C.; Oyama, V. I.

1971-01-01

140

Automatic Stripe Analysis Tool.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses the design and implementation of an automatic stripe analysis application for use in metrology. It has been implemented in Mathworks Matlab scripting environment and wrapped in an easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI). The algor...

J. R. Bickford

2013-01-01

141

Automatic Fluid Dispenser.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An apparatus for dispensing fluid to test animals according to a time schedule is disclosed. Fluid automatically flows to individual dispensing units at predetermined times from a fluid supply and is available only for a predetermined interval of time aft...

P. C. Sakellaris

1975-01-01

142

Automatic Shoran Bombing System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The automatic bombing or navigation system is controlled by a digital computer which is programmed before takeoff and during flights receives other information. The system increases the number of aircraft serviced by a single group of beacons.

D. W. Burbeck E. E. Bolles W. E. Frady W. L. Exner J. D. Hogan

1964-01-01

143

Automatic unstructured grid generators  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of automatic unstructured grid generators is given. These types of grids have found widespread use in computational fluid dynamics, computational structural dynamics, computational electro-magnetics and computational thermodynamics. The following topics are treated: the methods most commonly used, the specification of desired element size\\/shape and surface definition\\/meshing. Finally, the use of automatic grid generators as an enabling technology for

Rainald Löhner

1997-01-01

144

Some critical thoughts on expressed emotion.  

PubMed

After a brief description of the principal findings which emerge from the studies on expressed emotion (EE), the author puts forward a few critical thoughts based on a systemic orientation. He explains why the variable EE evaluated on the basis of the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) does not sufficiently reflect the dynamic reality of the family interactions and, in particular, he criticizes the establishment of a linear causality relationship between family EE and the development of the individual illness. He shows the limitations of psycho-educational programmes while acknowledging their place in the overall supportive family therapies. PMID:6537539

Seywert, F

1984-01-01

145

uniVERSE: A Thought Symphony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universe: A Thought Symphony, recasting the last, most ambitious, yet uncomplicated composition, Universe Symphony of American composer Charles Ives, we will match it with a new libretto derived from selections of Teilhard de Chardin's Hymn of the Universe and George V. Coyne, S.J. and Alessandro Omizzolo's Wayfarers In the Cosmos. The piece (running time 37 minutes), has three movements: Past-moving from Chaos, the formation of the waters and mountains; Present-the formation of the Earth and the firmament, evolution in nature and humanity; and Future-the rise of all beyond.

Schwartz, G.

2011-06-01

146

Fully automatic guardrail packed machine  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative fully automatic machine is presented in this paper. This machine is used to pile guardrails. Guardails are roadside safety barriers. There are two ways to control the machine, automatically and manually. Automatic control uses a programmable logic controller (PLC), and manual control uses buttons. In automatic and manual control the machine is controlled depending on the information that

M. E. V. Alvarez; C. Blanco-Viejo; J. C. Anton; F. J. Ferrero

2000-01-01

147

Questionnaire about psychology/disease correlation - II  

PubMed Central

Objective. To further evaluate the adequacy of the items in our questionnaire aimed at unraveling the possible correlations between psychological features and internal disorders. This paper is dedicated to the items exploring the individual’s interaction with other people. Method. The items are divided into several subdomains. For each subdomain, we have calculated the correlations between the items of the respective subdomain (inner associations) and with the items in other subdomains (outer associations) by means of chi square test or Fisher exact test as dictated by statistical reasons. We examined the answers from our first 10192 respondents. Results and conclusions. Many inter-item correlations are the consequence of higher or lesser degrees of synonymy. Those within a given subdomain confirm the adequate allocation of items. Those bridging different subdomains may point either to incorrect assignments, or to semantic inclusion relations. Other results are not explicable by semantic similarity, and probably reveal psychological subtleties, such as: most individuals have a sense of undeservedness when badly treated by other people; those easily hurt by insults and humiliations have a propensity to timidity and/or emotivity; the subjects who shun conflicts are more prone to persistent thoughts, brooding people are more sensitive and more prone to conflicts, injustice-indignant people frequently get into conflict although they declare to be bothered by dissent etc. But at the heart of all the PFs in the Interaction-with-other-people domain there seems to be the sense of being undervalued, which should probably be the key issue to be addressed by any therapeutic interventions for diseases psychoemotionally determined by disturbed interpersonal relationships. Abbreviations: PF = psychological feature; Chisq = chi-square; OdRa = odds ratio; OdRaCL = odds ratio confidence limits; ErrProb = probability of error

Dragos, D; Ojog, DG; Tanasescu, MD

2011-01-01

148

Physical Activity Questionnaire Comprehension-Lessons from Cognitive Interviews  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine if respondents share researchers’ understandings of concepts and questions frequently used in the assessment of usual physical activity behavior. Methods As part of On the Move, a study aimed at reducing measurement error in self-reported physical activity (PA), we conducted cognitive interviews with 19 men and 21 women, ages 45-65, regarding their responses to the PA questionnaires used in two large, population-based studies, LACE (Life After Cancer Epidemiology) and CMH (California Men’s Health Study). One questionnaire asks about the frequency, duration, and perceived intensity of a range of specific activities in several different domains over the past 12 months. The second questionnaire asks about frequency and duration of specific, mostly recreational activities, grouped by intensity (i.e., moderate or vigorous) over the past 3 months. We used verbal probing techniques to allow respondents to describe their thought processes as they completed the questionnaires. All interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed, and the transcripts were then analyzed using standard qualitative methods. Results Cognitive interviews demonstrated that a sizable number of respondents understood “intensity” in terms of emotional or psychological intensity, rather than physical effort. As a result, the perceived intensity with which a participant reported doing a specific activity often bore little relationship to the MET value of that activity. Additionally, participants often counted the same activity more than once, overestimated work-related PA, and understood activities that were grouped together in a single category to be definitive lists rather than examples. Conclusion Cognitive interviews revealed significant gaps between respondents’ interpretations of some physical activity questions and researchers’ assumptions about what those questions were intended to measure. Some sources of measurement error in self-reported PA may be minimized by additional research that focuses on the cognitive processes required to respond to PA questionnaires.

Altschuler, Andrea; Picchi, Teresa; Nelson, Melissa; Rogers, John D.; Hart, Jan; Sternfeld, Barbara

2009-01-01

149

Manual for the Minnesota Importance Questionnaire.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Minnesota Importance Questionnaire (MIQ) measures 20 vocational needs of the individual. The reliability of the MIQ, consisting of a self-administering, 210-item pair comparison questionnaire, was demonstrated in tests involving 5,358 individuals. MIQ...

E. G. Gay D. J. Weiss D. D. Hendel

1971-01-01

150

Fully automatic chromosome segmentation.  

PubMed

This paper is concerned with automatic segmentation of high resolution digitized metaphases. This includes automatic detection and rejection of interphase nuclei, stain debris, and other "noise"; automatic detection and segmentation of touching and overlapping chromosome clusters; and automatic rejection of cells which are evaluated as being incomplete, or incorrectly segmented, or where the cell is otherwise unsuitable for further analysis. In this paper, a rule-based approach is described which treats the cell as a whole rather than as a series of individual chromosomes or clusters. The rules adapt classification and segmentation parameters for each cell. Initially, different sets of parameters are chosen according to the staining method of the cells, and the goal of the segmentation. A chromosome number predictor is used to guide the adaptation of the parameters and to estimate the performance. The adaptation is iterative, and the self-adjustment will stop when either a satisfactory result is achieved or if the cell is rejected. The method was implemented on both a Sun workstation and a Cytoscan, a commercial machine for chromosome analysis. Seven hundred and thirteen cells from real data have been tested. A success rate of 90-95% has been achieved. The procedure has been implemented in an automatic aberration scoring system for routine use. PMID:7851156

Ji, L

1994-11-01

151

The development and initial validation of the cognitive fusion questionnaire.  

PubMed

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) emphasizes the relationship a person has with their thoughts and beliefs as potentially more relevant than belief content in predicting the emotional and behavioral consequences of cognition. In ACT, "defusion" interventions aim to "unhook" thoughts from actions and to create psychological distance between a person and their thoughts, beliefs, memories, and self-stories. A number of similar concepts have been described in the psychology literature (e.g., decentering, metacognition, mentalization, and mindfulness) suggesting converging evidence that how we relate to mental events may be of critical importance. While there are some good measures of these related processes, none of them provides an adequate operationalization of cognitive fusion. Despite the centrality of cognitive fusion in the ACT model, there is as yet no agreed-upon measure of cognitive fusion. This paper presents the construction and development of a brief, self-report measure of cognitive fusion: The Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ). The results of a series of studies involving over 1,800 people across diverse samples show good preliminary evidence of the CFQ's factor structure, reliability, temporal stability, validity, discriminant validity, and sensitivity to treatment effects. The potential uses of the CFQ in research and clinical practice are outlined. PMID:24411117

Gillanders, David T; Bolderston, Helen; Bond, Frank W; Dempster, Maria; Flaxman, Paul E; Campbell, Lindsey; Kerr, Sian; Tansey, Louise; Noel, Penelope; Ferenbach, Clive; Masley, Samantha; Roach, Louise; Lloyd, Joda; May, Lauraine; Clarke, Susan; Remington, Bob

2014-01-01

152

A few thoughts on brain ROIs  

PubMed Central

Quantitative mapping of structural and functional connectivities in the human brain via non-invasive neuroimaging offers an exciting and unique opportunity to understand brain architecture. Because connectivity alterations are widely reported in a variety of brain diseases, assessment of structural and functional connectivities has emerged as a fundamental research area in clinical neuroscience. A fundamental question arises when attempting to map structural and functional connectivities: how to define and localize the best possible Regions of Interests (ROIs) for brain connectivity mapping? Essentially, when mapping brain connectivities, ROIs provide the structural substrates for measuring connectivities within individual brains and for pooling data across populations. Thus, identification of reliable, reproducible and accurate ROIs is critically important for the success of brain connectivity mapping. This paper discusses several major challenges in defining optimal brain ROIs from our perspective and presents a few thoughts on how to deal with those challenges based on recent research work done in our group.

2013-01-01

153

Italian super-eruption larger than thought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent research suggested that the super-eruption of the Campi Flegrei caldera volcano in southern Italy about 40,000 years ago may have played a part in wiping out, or forcing the migration of, the Neanderthal and modern human populations in the eastern Mediterranean regions that were covered in ash. Now a new modeling study by Costa et al. suggests that this eruption may have been even larger than previously thought. This Campi Flegrei eruption produced a widespread ash layer known as Campanian Ignimbrite (CI). Using ash thickness measurements collected at 115 sites and a three-dimensional ash dispersal model, the researchers found that the CI super-eruption would have spread 250-300 cubic kilometers of ash across a 3.7-million-square kilometer region—2 to 3 times previous ash volume estimates.

Schultz, Colin

2012-07-01

154

Two channel EEG thought pattern classifier.  

PubMed

This paper presents a real-time electro-encephalogram (EEG) identification system with the goal of achieving hands free control. With two EEG electrodes placed on the scalp of the user, EEG signals are amplified and digitised directly using a ProComp+ encoder and transferred to the host computer through the RS232 interface. Using a real-time multilayer neural network, the actual classification for the control of a powered wheelchair has a very fast response. It can detect changes in the user's thought pattern in 1 second. Using only two EEG electrodes at positions O(1) and C(4) the system can classify three mental commands (forward, left and right) with an accuracy of more than 79 % PMID:17946455

Craig, D A; Nguyen, H T; Burchey, H A

2006-01-01

155

How emotions inform judgment and regulate thought  

PubMed Central

Being happy or sad influences the content and style of thought. One explanation is that affect serves as information about the value of whatever comes to mind. Thus, when a person makes evaluative judgments or engages in a task, positive affect can enhance evaluations and empower potential responses. Rather than affect itself, the information conveyed by affect is crucial. Tests of the hypothesis find that affective influences can be made to disappear by changing the source to which the affect is attributed. In tasks, positive affect validates and negative affect invalidates accessible cognitions, leading to relational processing and item-specific processing, respectively. Positive affect is found to promote, and negative affect to inhibit, many textbook phenomena from cognitive psychology.

Clore, Gerald L.; Huntsinger, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

156

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Frary, Robert

157

Automatic Telescope Search for Extrasolar Planets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We are using automatic photoelectric telescopes at the Tennessee State University Center for Automated Space Science to search for planets around nearby stars in our galaxy. Over the past several years, wc have developed the capability to make extremely precise measurements of brightness changes in Sun-like stars with automatic telescopes. Extensive quality control and calibration measurements result in a precision of 0.l% for a single nightly observation and 0.0270 for yearly means, far better than previously thought possible with ground-based observations. We are able, for the first time, to trace brightness changes in Sun-like stars that are of similar amplitude to brightness changes in the Sun, whose changes can be observed only with space-based radiometers. Recently exciting discoveries of the first extrasolar planets have been announced, based on the detection of very small radial-velocity variations that imply the existence of planets in orbit around several Sun-like stars. Our precise brightness measurements have been crucial for the confirmation of these discoveries by helping to eliminate alternative explanations for the radial-velocity variations. With our automatic telescopes, we are also searching for transits of these planets across the disks of their stars in order to conclusively verify their existence. The detection of transits would provide the first direct measurements of the sizes, masses, and densities of these planets and, hence, information on their compositions and origins.

Henry, Gregory W.

1998-01-01

158

Self-generated thoughts and depression: from daydreaming to depressive symptoms  

PubMed Central

Human minds often engage in thoughts and feelings that are self-generated rather than stimulus-dependent, such as daydreaming. Recent research suggests that under certain circumstances, daydreaming is associated with adverse effects on cognition and affect. Based on recent literature about the influence of resting mind in relation to rumination and depression, this questionnaire study investigated mechanisms linking daydreaming to depressive symptoms. Specifically, an indirect effect model was tested in which daydreaming influences depressive symptoms through enhancing self-focus and ruminative thought. Results were in line with the hypothesis and several alternative pathways were ruled out. The results provide initial supportive evidence that daydreaming can influence depressive symptoms through influences on self-focus and rumination. Further research should use prospective or experimental designs to further validate and strengthen these conclusions.

Marchetti, Igor; Van de Putte, Eowyn; Koster, Ernst H. W.

2014-01-01

159

The Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI) in Research and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide an up-to-date analysis of what has been learned about the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI) through the findings of various research studies. The studies looked at the negative career thoughts of a variety of populations and identified several correlates to dysfunctional career thoughts. Such correlations…

Vernick, Stacie H.

160

The Thought Experiment: An Imaginative Way into Civic Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thought experiments enable students to think about persistent social issues by drawing on both knowledge and imagination. In this article, the author provides examples of thought experiments found in literature for adults and middle school students, a rationale for doing thought experiments in the classroom, a step-by-step procedure to follow, and…

Zarnowski, Myra

2009-01-01

161

Automatic Electronic Oxygen Supply  

PubMed Central

An automatic electronic oxygen system has been devised to supply an intensive care unit with a “fail-safe” supply of continuous oxygen. All parts of the system are fitted with alarms, as the oxygen powers gas-driven ventilators. Since the system is cheap it can be installed in hospitals where finance is limited.

Ford, Patricia; Hoodless, D. J.

1971-01-01

162

Automatic Audio Content Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the theoretic framework and applications of automatic audio content analysis. After explaining the basic properties of audio analysis, we present a toolbox being the basis for the development of audio analysis algorithms. We also describe new applications which can be developed using the toolset, among them music indexing and retrieval as well as violence detection in the

Silvia Pfeiffer; Stephan Fischer; Wolfgang Effelsberg

1996-01-01

163

Automatic Abstraction without Counterexamples  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of automatic abstraction is presented that uses proofs of unsatisfiability derived from SAT-based bounded model check- ing as a guide to choosing an abstraction for unbounded model checking. Unlike earlier methods, this approach is not based on analysis of abstract counterexamples. The performance of this approach on benchmarks de- rived from microprocessor verification indicates that SAT solvers are

Kenneth L. Mcmillan; Nina Amla

2003-01-01

164

Automatic finite element generators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and implementation of a software system for generating finite elements and related computations are described. Exact symbolic computational techniques are employed to derive strain-displacement matrices and element stiffness matrices. Methods for dealing with the excessive growth of symbolic expressions are discussed. Automatic FORTRAN code generation is described with emphasis on improving the efficiency of the resultant code.

Wang, P. S.

1984-01-01

165

Automatic Radar Waveform Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a system for automatically recognizing radar waveforms is introduced. This type of techniques are needed in various spectrum management, surveillance and cognitive radio or radar applications. The intercepted radar signal is classified to eight classes based on the pulse compression waveform: linear frequency modulation (LFM), discrete frequency codes (Costas codes), binary phase, and Frank, P1, P2, P3,

Jarmo Lundn; Visa Koivunen

2007-01-01

166

Automatic Video Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the past few years video usage has grown in a multi-fold fashion. One of the major reasons for this explosive video growth is the rising Internet bandwidth speeds. As of today, a significant human effort is needed to categorize these video data files. A successful automatic video classification method can substantially help to reduce the growing amount of cluttered

Don Jayakody

2009-01-01

167

Automatic Threshold Circuit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An automatic threshold circuit to establish a threshold that is a specified number of db above the input's rms frequency weighted noise value is described. The input is compared with the feedback threshold value, the result of which is coupled to a limite...

J. H. Bumgardner

1976-01-01

168

An Automatic Overlay Generator  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an algorithm for automatically generating an overlay structure for a program, with the goal of reducing the primary storage requirements of that program. Subject to the constraints of intermodule dependences, the algorithm can either find a maximal overlay structure or find an overlay structure that, where possible, restricts the program to a specified amount of primary storage. Results

Ron Cytron; Paul G. Loewner

1986-01-01

169

Automatic Dream Sentiment Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this position paper, we propose a first step toward automatic analysis of sentiments in dreams. 100 dreams were sampled from a dream bank created for a normative study of dreams. Two human judges assigned a score to describe dream sentiments. We ran four baseline algorithms in an attempt to automate the rating of sentiments in dreams. Particularly, we compared

David Nadeau; Catherine Sabourin; Joseph De Koninck; Stan Matwin; Peter D. Turney

170

Automatic multiple applicator electrophoresis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Easy-to-use, economical device permits electrophoresis on all known supporting media. System includes automatic multiple-sample applicator, sample holder, and electrophoresis apparatus. System has potential applicability to fields of taxonomy, immunology, and genetics. Apparatus is also used for electrofocusing.

Grunbaum, B. W.

1977-01-01

171

Strategies in Automatic Microhandling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automation is the key step for successful application of micromanipulation and microhandling technologies. Due to the challenging environment microhandling has to deal with, the success of automation in microhandling is rather limited today. This paper firstly discusses the important measures that are necessary to achieve automatic microhandling, and then reviews the challenges and status of microhandling strategies. Based on the

Quan Zhou

2007-01-01

172

Automatic soldering machine  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fully-automatic tube-joint soldering machine can be used to make leakproof joints in aluminum tubes of 3/16 to 2 in. in diameter. Machine consists of temperature-control unit, heater transformer and heater head, vibrator, and associated circuitry controls, and indicators.

Stein, J. A.

1974-01-01

173

The Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to summarize the development and testing of the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ) and to discuss several issues that have arisen in recent use of the instrument. The NSSQ is a self-administered questionnaire that measures multiple dimensions of social support. Three functional properties--affect, affirmation, and aid--from Kahn's (1979) definition of social support are measured. The network properties of size, stability (duration of relationships), and accessibility (frequency of contact) are also measured, as well as changes in the convoy or support system due to losses of relationships. Nine categories are used to determine sources of support. Graduate students of nursing (N = 130) were used as subjects for several studies to test reliability and validity, and employed adults (N = 136) were used for additional validity testing and to provide normative data. Reliability was established through analysis of internal consistency and test-retest measures taken a week apart. Very high levels of internal consistency and test-retest reliability were found for the functional and network properties, and medium levels for the loss items. At a 7-month retesting, medium levels of stability were found, and the instrument was sensitive to changes in the network composition over time. Although the network composition changed, the overall level of functional support remained stable. Validity of the NSSQ was tested in relation to response bias and concurrent, construct, and predictive validity. The results indicated that the instrument is free from the response bias of social desirability. Medium levels of concurrent validity were shown with two other social support instruments. Construct validity was demonstrated by significant associations between NSSQ measures and two interpersonal constructs expected to be related to social support, while no significant relationships were found between the NSSQ measures and an unrelated interpersonal construct. Predictive validity was tested by examining the hypothesis that social support serves as a buffer for life stress. Among the functional properties, the interaction of aid and life stress accounted for 13.2% of the variance in negative mood. Of the network properties, duration of relationships had significant main and interaction effects, accounting together for 19.3% of the variance in negative mood. Normative data from a sample of employed adults provide means and standard deviations for each subscale and variable of the NSSQ, as well as descriptive data about sources of support.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:6536338

Norbeck, J S

1984-01-01

174

Building and mining web-based questionnaires and surveys with SySQ.  

PubMed

A questionnaire is a method for collecting data that can come from many sources such as observations, telephone interviews or documentary sources. Whatever the source of data is, the questionnaire provides a framework of questions that facilitate researcher's work. A manual approach for collecting data using questionnaire presents some limitations and introduces several sources of errors. A second issue regards the statistical and data mining of data that often is conducted using different tools than the questionnaire system, which may introduce errors in the analysis pipeline. For instance, common methods applied to data set concern the normality test, the association and correlation discovery, linear regression, classification and clustering. Usually this analysis is performed using external tools, often not free, such as SPSS, SAS, STATA, Weka, or Clementine.We present a web-based software system, to automatize the analysis pipeline and to support researchers involved in the collection of questionnaire data, such as in epidemiology, aiming to reduce the errors listed above and including some basic functions to conduct statistical analysis on collected data. Our system allows researchers to create questionnaires, adding sections and structured questions. It provides a preview of the questionnaire, the exportation of saved data into statistical software compatible formats, or it permits to analyze them directly applying statistical methods and common data mining techniques from the main interface. PMID:24307414

Sarica, Alessia; Guzzi, Pietro Hiram; Cannataro, Mario

2013-09-01

175

Unnoticed intrusions: dissociations of meta-consciousness in thought suppression.  

PubMed

The current research investigates the interaction between thought suppression and individuals' explicit awareness of their thoughts. Participants in three experiments attempted to suppress thoughts of a prior romantic relationship and their success at doing so was measured using a combination of self-catching and experience-sampling. In addition to thoughts that individuals spontaneously noticed, individuals were frequently caught engaging in thoughts of their previous partner at experience-sampling probes. Furthermore, probe-caught thoughts were: (i) associated with stronger decoupling of attention from the environment, (ii) more likely to occur under cognitive load, (iii) more frequent for individuals with a desire to reconcile, and (iv) associated with individual differences in the tendency to suppress thoughts. Together, these data suggest that individuals can lack meta-awareness that they have begun to think about a topic they are attempting to suppress, providing novel insight into the cognitive processes that are involved in attempting to control undesired mental states. PMID:23911902

Baird, Benjamin; Smallwood, Jonathan; Fishman, Daniel J F; Mrazek, Michael D; Schooler, Jonathan W

2013-09-01

176

Violent thoughts and violent behavior following hospitalization for mental disorder.  

PubMed

Using a standardized schedule of questions, this study examined (a) the prevalence of self-report of violent thoughts by patients hospitalized for mental disorders compared with nonpatients, (b) the persistence of violent thoughts after discharge, and (c) the relation between patients' violent thoughts while hospitalized and violent acts within 20 weeks after hospital discharge. About 1/3 of the patients reported thoughts of violence while hospitalized, more than twice the proportion found among nonpatients. Reporting violent thoughts in hospital was significantly related to engaging in violent acts within 20 weeks after discharge for non-White patients, patients without major mental disorder but with substance abuse diagnoses, patients with high symptom severity, and patients whose reports of violent thoughts persisted after discharge. Reporting violent thoughts was significantly related to measures of psychopathy, anger, and impulsiveness. PMID:10883555

Grisso, T; Davis, J; Vesselinov, R; Appelbaum, P S; Monahan, J

2000-06-01

177

Automatic Text Structuring and Summarization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of information retrieval techniques for automatic generation of semantic hypertext links focuses on automatic text summarization. Topics include World Wide Web links, text segmentation, and evaluation of text summarization by comparing automatically generated abstracts with manually prepared abstracts. (Author/LRW)

Salton, Gerard; And Others

1997-01-01

178

Mycobacterium microti: More Diverse than Previously Thought?  

PubMed Central

Mycobacterium microti is a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex of bacteria. This species was originally identified as a pathogen of small rodents and shrews and was associated with limited diversity and a much reduced spoligotype pattern. More recently, specific deletions of chromosomal DNA have been shown to define this group of organisms, which can be identified by the absence of chromosomal region RD1mic. We describe here the molecular characteristics of 141 strains of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolated in Great Britain over a 14-year period. All strains have characteristic loss of some spoligotype spacers and characteristic alleles at the ETR-E and ETR-F variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) loci, and a sample of these strains was deleted for regions RD7, RD9, and RD1mic but intact for regions RD4 and RD12. We therefore identified these strains as M. microti and show that they have much more diverse spoligotype patterns and VNTR types than previously thought. The most common source of these strains was domestic cats, and we show that the molecular types of M. microti are geographically localized in the same way that molecular types of Mycobacterium bovis are geographically localized in cattle in the United Kingdom. We describe the pathology of M. microti infection in cats and suggest that the feline disease is a spillover from a disease maintained in an unknown wild mammal, probably field voles. The location of the cats with M. microti infection suggests that they do not overlap geographically with the strains of Mycobacterium bovis in Great Britain.

Smith, N. H.; Crawshaw, T.; Parry, J.; Birtles, R. J.

2009-01-01

179

The Validation of the Spatial Hearing Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Objectives Subjective questionnaires are informative in understanding the difficulties faced by patients with hearing loss. Our intent was to establish and validate a new questionnaire that encompasses situations emphasizing binaural hearing. The Spatial Hearing Questionnaire is a self-report assessment tool utilizing eight subscales representing questions pertaining to the perception of male, female, and children’s voices, music in quiet, source localization, understanding speech in quiet, and understanding speech in noise. Design The Spatial Hearing Questionnaire, composed of 24 items, is scored from 0–100. It was administered to 142 subjects using one or two cochlear implants. Speech perception and localization abilities were measured, and the Speech, Spatial and Other Qualities (SSQ) questionnaire was completed to evaluate validity of the questionnaire. Psychometric tests were done to test the reliability and factor structure of the Spatial Hearing Questionnaire. Results Results showed high internal consistency reliability (Cronbach’s ? = 0.98) and good construct validity (correlations between the Spatial Hearing Questionnaire and other test measures, including the SSQ, were significant). A preliminary factor analysis revealed scores loaded on three factors, representing the following conditions: localization, speech in noise and music in quiet, and speech in quiet, explaining 64.9, 13.0, and 5.3% of the variance, respectively. Most of the questionnaire items (12/24) loaded onto the first factor which represents the subscale related to source localization. Mean scores on the Spatial Hearing Questionnaire were higher for subjects with bilateral cochlear implants over subjects with a unilateral cochlear implant, consistent with other research and supporting construct validity. Conclusions The Spatial Hearing Questionnaire is a reliable and valid questionnaire which can be completed independently by most patients in about 10 minutes. It is likely to be a valuable tool for clinicians and researchers to measure spatial hearing abilities.

Tyler, Richard S.; Perreau, Ann E.; Ji, Haihong

2009-01-01

180

Automatic speech recognition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Great strides have been made in the development of automatic speech recognition (ASR) technology over the past thirty years. Most of this effort has been centered around the extension and improvement of Hidden Markov Model (HMM) approaches to ASR. Current commercially-available and industry systems based on HMMs can perform well for certain situational tasks that restrict variability such as phone dialing or limited voice commands. However, the holy grail of ASR systems is performance comparable to humans-in other words, the ability to automatically transcribe unrestricted conversational speech spoken by an infinite number of speakers under varying acoustic environments. This goal is far from being reached. Key to the success of ASR is effective modeling of variability in the speech signal. This tutorial will review the basics of ASR and the various ways in which our current knowledge of speech production, speech perception and prosody can be exploited to improve robustness at every level of the system.

Espy-Wilson, Carol

2005-04-01

181

Automatic transmission control method  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of controlling an automatic transmission of an automotive vehicle. The transmission has a gear train which includes a brake for establishing a first lowest speed of the transmission, the brake acting directly on a ring gear which meshes with a pinion, the pinion meshing with a sun gear in a planetary gear train, the ring gear connected with an output member, the sun gear being engageable and disengageable with an input member of the transmission by means of a clutch. The method comprises the steps of: detecting that a shift position of the automatic transmission has been shifted to a neutral range; thereafter introducing hydraulic pressure to the brake if present vehicle velocity is below a predetermined value, whereby the brake is engaged to establish the first lowest speed; and exhausting hydraulic pressure from the brake if present vehicle velocity is higher than a predetermined value, whereby the brake is disengaged.

Hasegawa, H.; Ishiguro, T.

1989-07-04

182

Automatic activation analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic activation analysis (AAA) is rendered possible by a unique neutron activation analysis facility for short-lived\\u000a isomeric transitions based on a fast rabbit system with sample changer and sample separation, and an adaptive digital gamma-spectrometer\\u000a for very high counting rates of up to 106 cps. The system is controlled by a computer program performing irradiation control, neutron flux monitoring, and

G. P. Westphal; F. Grass; H. Lemmel; J. Sterba; P. Schröder; Ch. Bloch

2007-01-01

183

Automatic human body detector  

SciTech Connect

A method is devised for the automatic detection of a human body. The method utilizes the near-infrared reflection bands of the skin of the human body as the identifying signature. Illumination of the body is provided by a near-infrared light source and the detection of the reflection bands. When each of the three detectors simultaneously register a signal of the proper reflection values, a coincident trigger circuit enables an indicator device which signifies a human body is detected.

Hacskaylo, M.

1985-02-19

184

Automatic payload deployment system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to precisely emplace stand-alone payloads in hostile territory has long been on the wish list of US warfighters. This type of activity is one of the main functions of special operation forces, often conducted at great danger. Such risk can be mitigated by transitioning the manual placement of payloads over to an automated placement mechanism by the use of the Automatic Payload Deployment System (APDS). Based on the Automatically Deployed Communication Relays (ADCR) system, which provides non-line-of-sight operation for unmanned ground vehicles by automatically dropping radio relays when needed, the APDS takes this concept a step further and allows for the delivery of a mixed variety of payloads. For example, payloads equipped with a camera and gas sensor in addition to a radio repeater, can be deployed in support of rescue operations of trapped miners. Battlefield applications may include delivering food, ammunition, and medical supplies to the warfighter. Covert operations may require the unmanned emplacement of a network of sensors for human-presence detection, before undertaking the mission. The APDS is well suited for these tasks. Demonstrations have been conducted using an iRobot PackBot EOD in delivering a variety of payloads, for which the performance and results will be discussed in this paper.

Pezeshkian, Narek; Nguyen, Hoa G.; Burmeister, Aaron; Holz, Kevin; Hart, Abraham

2010-04-01

185

Obsessionality and the attempted suppression of unpleasant personal intrusive thoughts.  

PubMed

To explore the role of the thought enhancement and thought rebound effects in obsessionality, the relationship between obsessional symptomology and responding during and after the attempted suppression of unpleasant personal intrusive thoughts was examined. Ss first completed the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (MOCI) [Rachman and Hodgson, 1980]. Later, Ss indicated their most frequent intrusive thought and then completed a thought suppression protocol in which they first expressed, then suppressed, and, again, expressed that thought. Ss' scores on the MOCI were examined in relation to their pattern of responding in the suppression protocol to investigate whether Ss who were higher in obsessionality were more prone to enhancement and/or rebound effects with an unpleasant personal intrusive thought than Ss who were lower in obsessionality. The following results were obtained: (1) there was a positive relationship between obsessionality levels and thought enhancement for female Ss; (2) there was a negative relationship between obsessionality levels and thought enhancement for male Ss; and (3) there was no relationship between obsessionality levels and thought rebound. These findings suggest that the rebound effect is unrelated to obsessionality and that the enhancement effect relationship to obsessionality may be more complex than previously hypothesized. PMID:9670601

Rutledge, P C

1998-04-01

186

Automatic Jet Contrail Detection and Segmentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Jet contrails are an important subset of cirrus clouds in the atmosphere, and thin cirrus are thought to enhance the greenhouse effect due to their semi-transparent nature. They are nearly transparent to the solar energy reaching the surface, but they reduce the planetary emission to space due to their cold ambient temperatures. Having 'seeded' the environment, contrails often elongate and widen into cirrus-like features. However, there is great uncertainty regarding the impact of contrails on surface temperature and precipitation. With increasing numbers of subsonic aircraft operating in the upper troposphere, there is the possibility of increasing cloudiness which could lead to changes in the radiation balance. Automatic detection and seg- mentation of jet contrails in satellite imagery is important because (1) it is impractical to compile a contrail climatology by hand, and (2) with the segmented images it will be possible to retrieve contrail physical properties such as optical thickness, effective ice crystal diameter and emissivity.

Weiss, J.; Christopher, S. A.; Welch, R. M.

1997-01-01

187

[Psychiatrist-Psychotherapist: Thoughts and suggestions].  

PubMed

A basic training in psychotherapy is a necessary requirement for the speciality of psychiatry. Nevertheless, any thorough training in psychotherapy in Greece lacks planning and a credible certification system. ?raining is carried out by different psychotherapeutic societies of varying prestige, through a number of programs. There have been very few attempts until now to map this field. The Section of Psychotherapy of the Hellenic Psychiatric Association (HPA) has tried to document the characteristics of the psychiatrists practicing psychotherapy. The study aimed at all of the trainee and trained psychiatrists, members of HPA. 210 questionnaires were filled in by members of HPA in 2000 and 2009-2011. Most of them were returned by post to the Section of Psychotherapy, while some were filled in during the 21rst HPA congress. With regard to psychotherapeutic training 151 (72%) reported some kind of psychoanalytic training, 90 (42.8%) cognitive, 85 (40.5%) systemic and 38 (18%) other (interpersonal, drama therapy, existentialist, cognitive-analytic, hypnosis, group therapy of another kind, orgonotherapy, vegetotherapy, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing). The average duration of the training in years was 5.26 (±3.7) for the psychoanalytic one, 2.73 (±1.6) for the cognitive, 3.83 (±2.1) for the systemic and 3.08 (±2.5) for the psychiatrists with a different type of training. Interestingly, many of the participants reported more than one types of psychotherapeutic training. Another important finding is the fact that the range of training varies from a single seminar to many years, something which underlines the considerable divergence with regard to what is considered psychotherapeutic training. Several questions arise from the above findings: A first one is if a psychiatrist should, during his/her training, also be trained in psychotherapy and what kind of training this should be. A second question is if being a trained psychiatrist entails the capacity to practice psychotherapy and to be called a psychotherapist. Should the title of psychotherapist be a general one or should a specific theoretical-clinical approach be mentioned in the title (psychoanalyst, cognitive-behavioral, systemic, etc.). One more question is which institution is appropriate for the certification of a psychotherapist: a state authority or another, possibly private, institution such as scientific societies or Non-Governmental Organizations? A final question is where professionals from different fields certified as psychotherapists could converge and how their differences could be specified. The mapping and study of the field of psychotherapy within HPA can create the basis for a fruitful discussion on the issue of the psychiatrists' training and certification in psychotherapy, thus outlining a number of questions and dilemmas. PMID:25035182

Charalabaki, K; Michopoulos, I; Filippopoulou, A; Karamanolaki, H

2014-01-01

188

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

189

Development of a Cuban Ethnic Identity Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cuban Behavioral Identity Questionnaire is a short, eight-item questionnaire answerable in a seven-point Likert-scale format. It inquires as to the frequency with which respondents engage in several ethnic behaviors and the degree to which they are familiar with Cuban idiomatic expressions and Cuban artists/musicians. (Author/NQ)

Garcia, Margarita; Lega, Leonor I.

1979-01-01

190

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

191

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations concern…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

192

Manual for the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, norming, and validation of the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ) are described. The questionnaire was developed to be a screening instrument for use by mental health professionals for the early detection of children's behavior problems. The scale was standardized on a group of preschoolers aged three to six, including male…

Behar, Lenore; Stringfield, Sam

193

Does response on the PHQ-9 Depression Questionnaire predict subsequent suicide attempt or suicide death?  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE As use of standard depression questionnaires in clinical practice increases, clinicians will frequently encounter patients reporting thoughts of death or suicide. This study examined whether responses to the Patient Health Questionnaire for depression (PHQ-9) predict subsequent suicide attempt or suicide death. METHODS Electronic records from a large integrated health system were used to link PHQ-9 responses from outpatient visits to subsequent suicide attempts and suicide deaths. A total of 84,418 outpatients age ?13 completed 207,265 questionnaires between 2007 and 2011. Electronic medical records, insurance claims, and death certificate data documented 709 subsequent suicide attempts and 46 suicide deaths in this sample. RESULTS Cumulative risk of suicide attempt over one year increased from .4% among outpatients reporting thoughts of death or self-harm "not at all" to 4% among those reporting thoughts of death or self-harm "nearly every day." After adjustment for age, sex, treatment history, and overall depression severity, responses to item 9 of the PHQ-9 remained a strong predictor of suicide attempt. Cumulative risk of suicide death over one year increased from .03% among those reporting thoughts of death or self-harm ideation "not at all" to .3% among those reporting such thoughts "nearly every day." Response to item 9 remained a moderate predictor of subsequent suicide death after the same factor adjustments. CONCLUSIONS Response to item 9 of the PHQ-9 for depression identified outpatients at increased risk of suicide attempt or death. This excess risk emerged over several days and continued to grow for several months, indicating that suicidal ideation was an enduring vulnerability rather than a short-term crisis. PMID:24036589

Simon, Gregory E; Rutter, Carolyn M; Peterson, Do; Oliver, Malia; Whiteside, Ursula; Operskalski, Belinda; Ludman, Evette J

2013-12-01

194

The relationship of observed maternal behavior to questionnaire measures of parenting knowledge, attitudes, and emotional state in adolescent mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although relationships have been found between maternal psychological characteristics and cognitive and emotional outcomes in children, the behaviors which may mediate these relationships are seldom examined. This is especially true for adolescent mothers, whose children are thought to be at high risk for adverse outcomes. In this study, adolescent mothers in two special programs completed questionnaires measuring perception of the

Linda LeResche; Donna Strobino; Peggy Parks; Pamela Fischer; Vincent Smeriglio

1983-01-01

195

ENQUETE-BAISE: A General-Purpose E-Questionnaire Server for Ubiquitous Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questionnaire is a general and indispensable method frequently and widely used in many academic, engineering, medical, commercial, and political survey research activities to obtain systematic data and information. Ubiquitous questionnaire, i.e., to provide users with E-questionnaire services anytime and anywhere such that one can use E-questionnaire servers without even thinking about them, is an ideal ubiquitous service in service-oriented computing.

Jingde Cheng; Yuichi Goto; Masato Koide; Keigo Nagahama; Masami Someya; Yusuke Utsumi; Ayaka Shionoiri

2007-01-01

196

Perceptual Properties of Obsessive Thoughts are Associated With Low Insight in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.  

PubMed

Obsessions are traditionally defined as bothersome and repetitive thoughts that the patient is unable to resist. Preliminary evidence suggests that in a subgroup of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), obsessions are experienced as partially perceptual. The present study explored the frequency of perceptually laden obsessions and their relationship with illness insight and depression. Twenty-six patients with OCD were administered the newly developed Sensory Properties of Obsessions Questionnaire. Participants were asked to endorse on a 5-point Likert scale whether their obsessions were associated with perceptual features. Participants showed moderate symptom severity. A total of 73% affirmed that their obsessions contained perceptual features. The predominant perceptual channels were visual, tactile, and somatic (i.e., bodily sensations). The extent of perceptual aspects associated with obsessions was strongly correlated with lack of insight (Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale item 11) but not depression severity. The present study suggests that obsessive thoughts are frequently accompanied by perceptual sensations, which concurs with models assuming a continuum between hallucinations and intrusions. Apparently, the more "real" or authentic the obsessive thought is experienced, the less the afflicted person is able to dismiss its content as fully irrational or absurd. PMID:24933417

Moritz, Steffen; Claussen, Marike; Hauschildt, Marit; Kellner, Michael

2014-07-01

197

Automatic breast border extraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In computer aided mammography algorithms there are several processing steps, which must be performed. The basic segmentation procedure involves extracting the principal feature on a mammogram; the breast border. This is performed by segmenting the breast and the non-breast into distinct regions. In this paper, a method for extracting the breast border is proposed. The method has performance similar to established techniques but with higher degrees of automatization and robustness. It iteratively adapts a model of the background to ensure a robust object detection yielding a smooth outline of the breast. The main idea is to identify the "knee" in the cumulative intensity histogram of the image. The intensity value at the knee is thereafter used to automatically define a region, to be modelled by a two-dimensional polynomial surface of degree two. The modelled background is then subtracted from the original image. The procedure described is iteratively performed until the degree of non-uniformity of the grey-scale background is smaller then a certain value. Thereafter the difference image is post-processed by a flood-filling algorithm, a new threshold is estimated as above and applied to yield a binary image. Lastly morphological operations are performed to smoothen the breast border. In conclusion, the strength in the proposed method, compared to similar methods, is that it makes use of an iterative approach to reduce the effects of the background, it produces smooth edges and automatically finds thresholds. It is also evaluated on the entire MIAS database (322 images) with a performance of 94%.

Olsen, Christina M.

2005-04-01

198

Automatic level control circuit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automatic level control circuit for an operational amplifier for minimizing spikes or instantaneous gain of the amplifier at a low period wherein no signal is received on the input is provided. The apparatus includes a multibranch circuit which is connected between an output terminal and a feedback terminal. A pair of zener diodes are connected back to back in series with a capacitor provided in one of the branches. A pair of voltage dividing resistors are connected in another of the branches and a second capacitor is provided in the remaining branch of controlling the high frequency oscillations of the operational amplifier.

Toole, P. C.; Mccarthy, D. M. (inventors)

1983-01-01

199

Two Sources of Evidence on the Non-Automaticity of True and False Belief Ascription  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent study by Apperly et al. (2006) found evidence that adults do not automatically infer false beliefs while watching videos that afford such inferences. This method was extended to examine true beliefs, which are sometimes thought to be ascribed by "default" (e.g., Leslie & Thaiss, 1992). Sequences of pictures were presented in which the…

Back, Elisa; Apperly, Ian A.

2010-01-01

200

A learning algorithm for multilayered neural networks: a Newton method using automatic differentiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given, as follows. A learning algorithm for multilayered neural networks which is implemented by a Newton method using automatic differentiation was compared to the back-propagation method. It has been thought that the computational cost for obtaining second-order derivatives of an error function is very high, and that a system of linear equations (the Newton equations) cannot be

T. Yoshida

1991-01-01

201

Automatic readout micrometer  

DOEpatents

A measuring system is disclosed for surveying and very accurately positioning objects with respect to a reference line. A principal use of this surveying system is for accurately aligning the electromagnets which direct a particle beam emitted from a particle accelerator. Prior art surveying systems require highly skilled surveyors. Prior art systems include, for example, optical surveying systems which are susceptible to operator reading errors, and celestial navigation-type surveying systems, with their inherent complexities. The present invention provides an automatic readout micrometer which can very accurately measure distances. The invention has a simplicity of operation which practically eliminates the possibilities of operator optical reading error, owning to the elimination of traditional optical alignments for making measurements. The invention has an extendable arm which carries a laser surveying target. The extendable arm can be continuously positioned over its entire length of travel by either a coarse or fine adjustment without having the fine adjustment outrun the coarse adjustment until a reference laser beam is centered on the target as indicated by a digital readout. The length of the micrometer can then be accurately and automatically read by a computer and compared with a standardized set of alignment measurements. Due to its construction, the micrometer eliminates any errors due to temperature changes when the system is operated within a standard operating temperature range.

Lauritzen, Ted (Lafayette, CA)

1982-01-01

202

Assessing Disordered Thoughts in Preschoolers with Dysregulated Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is rising interest in identifying precursors to bipolar disorder symptoms, including thought disorder. Thought disorder is identified in adults through self-report and in school-aged children through parent report and child story-telling. This study is an exploration to determine if preschoolers with mood dysregulation have evidence of…

Hutchison, Amanda K.; Beresford, Carol; Robinson, JoAnn; Ross, Randal G.

2010-01-01

203

Thought-action fusion in obsessive compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent psychometric results suggested that the phenomenon of thought-action fusion (TAF) is implicated in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The construct of TAF has two components: (a) the belief that thinking about an unacceptable or disturbing event makes it more likely to happen and (b) the belief that having an unacceptable thought is the moral equivalent of carrying out the unacceptable

Roz Shafran; Dana S. Thordarson; S. Rachman

1996-01-01

204

Parent–Adolescent Agreement Concerning Adolescents' Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is critical in risk assessment, and multi-informant assessment has been recommended. Despite this, relatively little is known about parent–adolescent agreement regarding adolescent suicidality. To examine the extent and predictors of such agreement, 448 psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and their parents were administered structured interviews assessing suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts and completed measures

Nicole M. Klaus; Andrea Mobilio; Cheryl A. King

2009-01-01

205

Art and Culture in the History of Economic Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention to art and culture goes far back in the history of economic thought. In the seventeenth century those activities were viewed suspiciously as likely to be either wasteful extravagances of the aristocracy, or dangerous distractions for the working classes. Eighteenth century economic thinkers offered more positive and thoughtful speculations. Mandeville and Galiani observed that the prices of art works

Craufurd Goodwin

206

The Relationship between Sense of Coherence and Career Thoughts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of sense of coherence in the career thought processes of a sample of college students. Participants completed the Sense of Coherence Scale and the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI). Results indicated a medium relationship between sense of coherence and CTI Total and subscale scores. (Contains 29 references and 2 tables.) (GCP)

Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

2002-01-01

207

Spontaneous Repetitive Thoughts Can Be Adaptive: Postscript on "Mind Wandering"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When researchers use the term "mind wandering" for task-unrelated thoughts in signal detection tasks, we may fall into the trap of believing that spontaneous thoughts are task unrelated in a deeper sense. Similar negative connotations are attached to common terms like "cognitive failures", "resting state", "rumination", "distraction", "attentional…

Baars, Bernard J.

2010-01-01

208

Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text, defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments, Compton…

Huggins, Elisha

2010-01-01

209

The Charge of Thought-Policing in Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A phrase used for internal criticism within leftist movements in the 70s and 80s, "politically correct," has now become equivalent to "thought policing" in the minds of many professional academicians. Taking University of Toronto as an example, this essay questions whether the thought policing (as enforcement of political correctness) accusation…

Poyraz, Suzan

2006-01-01

210

Thought Suppression and Meaning in Life: A Longitudinal Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to see if older adults who experience problems with thought suppression tend to encounter greater difficulty deriving a sense of meaning in life. Data from a longitudinal nationwide survey of older people (N = 988) indicate that greater difficulty with thought suppression is associated with a decline in meaning over…

Krause, Neal

2007-01-01

211

Existential Thoughts in Fanon's Post-Colonialism Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frantz Fanon, a pioneer of post-colonial theory, attempted to seek some unbeknown possibilities through a Sartrean existentialism thought toward ethnic liberation and the fighting against imperialism. This article tries to enter Fanon's short life that was full of humanism and existentialist thought and to explore the hidden theoretical context…

Yeh, Chuan-Rong

2013-01-01

212

Out of nowhere: thought insertion, ownership and context-integration.  

PubMed

We argue that thought insertion primarily involves a disruption of the sense of ownership for thoughts and that the lack of a sense of agency is but a consequence of this disruption. We defend the hypothesis that this disruption of the sense of ownership stems from a failure in the online integration of the contextual information related to a thought, in particular contextual information concerning the different causal factors that may be implicated in their production. Loss of unity of consciousness, manifested by incoherent subjective experiences is a general phenomenal characteristic of schizophrenia. This loss of coherence has been hypothesized to reflect a generalized deficit of contextual information integration not conveyed by, but related to, a target event. This deficit is manifested across many cognitive domains. We argue that it is also manifested in the process of thinking itself, resulting in causally decontextualized thoughts that are experienced as inserted thoughts. PMID:23262256

Martin, Jean-Remy; Pacherie, Elisabeth

2013-03-01

213

Bias or equality? Unconscious thought equally integrates temporally scattered information.  

PubMed

In previous experiments on unconscious thought, information was presented to participants in one continuous session; however, in daily life, information is delivered in a temporally partitioned way. We examined whether unconscious thought could equally integrate temporally scattered information when making overall evaluations. When presenting participants with information in two temporally partitioned sessions, participants' overall evaluation was based on neither the information in the first session (Experiment 1) nor that in the second session (Experiment 2); instead, information in both sessions were equally integrated to reach a final judgment. Conscious thought, however, overemphasized information in the second session. Experiments 3 and 4 further ruled out possible influencing factors including differences in the distributions of positive/negative attributes in the first and second sessions and on-line judgment. These findings suggested that unconscious thought can integrate information from a wider range of periods during an evaluation, while conscious thought cannot. PMID:24583456

Li, Jiansheng; Gao, Qiyang; Zhou, Jifan; Li, Xinyu; Zhang, Meng; Shen, Mowei

2014-04-01

214

Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ) Validation Studies - References  

Cancer.gov

Wareham NJ, Jakes RW, Rennie KL et al. Validity and repeatability of a simple index derived from the short physical activity questionnaire used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.

215

Generic Questionnaire for Biopharmaceutical Production Candidates  

Cancer.gov

Generic Questionnaire for Biopharmaceutical Production Candidates Involving Recombinant Organisms Principal Investigator: Institution: What amount(s) of delivered product(s) is desired? A. Non-GMP (laboratory grade) B. cGMP (clinical grade) Please

216

Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database  

Cancer.gov

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items concerning walking and biking from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items assessing duration and frequency of walking and bicycling in the non-disabled adult population. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

217

A comparison of two spider fear questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present studies compared the psychometric properties of two self-report measures of spider fear: Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ) and Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). In the first study, adequate test-retest stability and internal consistency was found for both FSQ and SPQ. In the second study, both instruments were able to differentiate between phobic and non-phobic subjects. Furthermore, FSQ as well

Peter Muris; Harald Merckelbach

1996-01-01

218

The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire: a validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  This is a validation of a self-rating questionnaire designed to detect disorders of the mother-infant relationship. 125 subjects\\u000a filled in the questionnaire, and were also interviewed using the 5th Edition of the Birmingham Interview for Maternal Mental Health. On the basis of these interviews and the case records, we\\u000a made consensus diagnoses of various forms and degrees of mother infant

I. F. Brockington; C. Fraser; D. Wilson

2006-01-01

219

Development of a Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to design a self-report measure of behavioral tendencies that frequently accompany body-image disturbance. The result was a 19-item questionnaire that dealt with avoidance of situations that provoke concern about physical appearance, such as avoidance of tight-fitting clothes, social outings, and physical intimacy. The Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire had adequate internal consistency and test–retest reliability. The measure correlated

James C. Rosen; Debra Srebnik; Elayne Saltzberg; Sally Wendt

1991-01-01

220

Automatic vehicle location system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automatic vehicle detection system is disclosed, in which each vehicle whose location is to be detected carries active means which interact with passive elements at each location to be identified. The passive elements comprise a plurality of passive loops arranged in a sequence along the travel direction. Each of the loops is tuned to a chosen frequency so that the sequence of the frequencies defines the location code. As the vehicle traverses the sequence of the loops as it passes over each loop, signals only at the frequency of the loop being passed over are coupled from a vehicle transmitter to a vehicle receiver. The frequencies of the received signals in the receiver produce outputs which together represent a code of the traversed location. The code location is defined by a painted pattern which reflects light to a vehicle carried detector whose output is used to derive the code defined by the pattern.

Hansen, G. R., Jr. (inventor)

1973-01-01

221

Automatic routing module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic Routing Module (ARM) is a tool to partially automate Air Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) routing. For any accessible launch point or target pair, ARM creates flyable routes that, within the fidelity of the models, are optimal in terms of threat avoidance, clobber avoidance, and adherence to vehicle and planning constraints. Although highly algorithmic, ARM is an expert system. Because of the heuristics applied, ARM generated routes closely resemble manually generated routes in routine cases. In more complex cases, ARM's ability to accumulate and assess threat danger in three dimensions and trade that danger off with the probability of ground clobber results in the safest path around or through difficult areas. The tools available prior to ARM did not provide the planner with enough information or present it in such a way that ensured he would select the safest path.

Malin, Janice A.

1987-01-01

222

Automatic alkaloid removal system.  

PubMed

This alkaloid automated removal machine was developed at Instrumentation Laboratory, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin Malaysia that purposely for removing the alkaloid toxicity from Dioscorea hispida (DH) tuber. It is a poisonous plant where scientific study has shown that its tubers contain toxic alkaloid constituents, dioscorine. The tubers can only be consumed after it poisonous is removed. In this experiment, the tubers are needed to blend as powder form before inserting into machine basket. The user is need to push the START button on machine controller for switching the water pump ON by then creating turbulence wave of water in machine tank. The water will stop automatically by triggering the outlet solenoid valve. The powders of tubers are washed for 10 minutes while 1 liter of contaminated water due toxin mixture is flowing out. At this time, the controller will automatically triggered inlet solenoid valve and the new water will flow in machine tank until achieve the desire level that which determined by ultra sonic sensor. This process will repeated for 7 h and the positive result is achieved and shows it significant according to the several parameters of biological character ofpH, temperature, dissolve oxygen, turbidity, conductivity and fish survival rate or time. From that parameter, it also shows the positive result which is near or same with control water and assuming was made that the toxin is fully removed when the pH of DH powder is near with control water. For control water, the pH is about 5.3 while water from this experiment process is 6.0 and before run the machine the pH of contaminated water is about 3.8 which are too acid. This automated machine can save time for removing toxicity from DH compared with a traditional method while less observation of the user. PMID:24783795

Yahaya, Muhammad Rizuwan; Hj Razali, Mohd Hudzari; Abu Bakar, Che Abdullah; Ismail, Wan Ishak Wan; Muda, Wan Musa Wan; Mat, Nashriyah; Zakaria, Abd

2014-01-01

223

Networked Automatic Optical Telescopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many groups around the world are developing automated or robotic optical observatories. The coordinated operation of automated optical telescopes at diverse sites could provide observing prospects which are not otherwise available, e.g., continuous optical photometry without diurnal interruption. Computer control and scheduling also offers the prospect of effective response to transient events such as ? -ray bursts. These telescopes could also serve science education by providing high-quality CCD data for educators and students. The Automatic Telescope Network (ATN) project has been undertaken to promote networking of automated telescopes. A web site is maintained at http://gamma.bu.edu/atn/. The development of such networks will be facilitated by the existence of standards. A set of standard commands for instrument and telescope control systems will allow for the creation of software for an ``observatory control system'' which can be used at any facility which complies with the TCS and ICS standards. Also, there is a strong need for standards for the specification of observations to be done, and reports on the results and status of observations. A proposed standard for this is the Remote Telescope Markup Language (RTML), which is expected to be described in another poster in this session. It may thus be feasible for amateur-astronomers to soon buy all necessary equipment and software to field an automatic telescope. The owner/operator could make otherwise unused telescope time available to the network in exchange for the utilization of other telescopes in the network --- including occasional utilization of meter-class telescopes with research-grade CCD detectors at good sites.

Mattox, J. R.

2000-05-01

224

Automatical Geocoding of SAR Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

An automatical system for geocoding and calibration of Envisat ASAR products have been developed by NORUT IT in the Envisnow EC EESD FP 5 project. The project have used data from ESA AOE 785, Cat. 2458 and near-real time data from Kongsberg Satellite station. The software is adapted to the Envisnow snow covered area processing system, and works automatically for

Inge Lauknes; Eirik Malnes

2005-01-01

225

Automatic Indexing of Full Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates efficiency of preparation of query description using semantic analyser method based on analysis of semantic structure of documents in field of automatic indexing. Results obtained are compared with automatic indexing results performed by traditional methods and results of indexing done by human indexers. Sample terms and codes are…

Jonak, Zdenek

1984-01-01

226

Automatic hot water recovery system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heat in the hot water lines of a water system is automatically recovered by providing a bridge conduit between the cold water lines and the hot water lines and by depressurizing the hot water lines relative to the cold water lines thereby to automatically direct higher pressure cold water into the hot water lines through the interconnection, which preferably is

Haws

1982-01-01

227

Tribology of automatic transmission fluid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various properties are required in the latest ATFs (Automatic Transmission Fluids) because of the progress made in ATs (Automatic\\u000a Transmissions). In this paper, we will introduce the construction of the AT and describe the tribological issues, including\\u000a anti?shudder property, of ATF.

Takanori Kugimiya; Narihiko Yoshimura; Jun’ichi Mitsui

1998-01-01

228

Classifying Visemes for Automatic Lipreading  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic lipreading is automatic speech recognition that uses only visual information. The relevant data in a video signal is isola- ted and features are extracted from it. From a sequence of feature vectors, where every vector represents one video image, a sequence of higher level semantic elements is formed. These semantic elements are \\\\visemes\\

Michiel Visser; Mannes Poel; Anton Nijholt; V. Matousek; P. Mautner; J. Ocelikovi

1999-01-01

229

An Evaluation of Automatic Query Expansion in an Online Library Catalogue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes evaluation of an automatic query expansion (AQE) facility in the Okapi System, an online library catalog at City University in London (England). Results of transaction log analysis, search replays, questionnaires, and interviews are presented; and findings are discussed which indicate that AQE was beneficial in many searches. (12…

Hancock-Beaulieu, Micheline; Walker, Stephen

1992-01-01

230

Device for the Automatic Control of Airplanes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides a description of an automatic control mechanism that consists of an automatic elevator control, aileron control, and a rudder control. Each automatic control can be independently switched on or off.

Gradenwitz, Alfred

1929-01-01

231

Automatic Weld Torch Guidance Control System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A highly reliable, fully digital, closed circuit television optical, type automatic weld seam tracking control system was developed. This automatic tracking equipment is used to reduce weld tooling costs and increase overall automatic welding reliability....

H. E. Smaith W. A. Wall M. R. Burns

1982-01-01

232

Reported Thought as a Stance-Taking Device in Korean Conversation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyses of 34 cases of direct reported thought found in ordinary Korean conversations illustrate a routine practice in the use of reported thought-reenacting a prior thought to demonstrate how the speaker's current stance originated. Often, such thoughts are not simply momentary, isolated thoughts in passing but are consequential thoughts

Kim, Mary Shin

2014-01-01

233

Paving the Way To Algebraic Thought Using Residue Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a brief definition and examples of residue designs while sharing some of the algebraic thought that a student used to form generalizations about the patterns discovered during the investigations of residue designs. (ASK)

Johnson, Iris DeLoach

1998-01-01

234

Thoughts on regulation changes for decommissioning. Draft report. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The paper summarizes the preliminary thoughts of the decommissioning staff in the Office of Standards Development at NRC as to the technology, cost and safety of decommissioning various nuclear facilities. 22 refs. (ACR)

Calkins, G.D.

1980-08-01

235

Bacteria May Survive Longer in Contact Lens Solution Than Thought  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Bacteria May Survive Longer in Contact Lens Solution Than Thought Study suggests manufacturers test ... eye infections are able to survive longer in contact lens cleaning solution than previously known, a new ...

236

Predictors of suicidal thoughts: Mood instability versus neuroticism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The personality trait neuroticism predicts depression and suicidal thoughts. Neuroticism is also linked to mood instability (MI)1Mood instability\\/variability.1 that is common in patients with depression. This study investigated (a) whether MI predicts suicidal thoughts in depressed patients and (b) the relationship of MI to neuroticism. All 129 patients with Major Depression (MINI interview) were assessed on MI (Affective Lability Scale),

Rudy Bowen; Marilyn Baetz; Carla Leuschen; Lisa E. Kalynchuk

2011-01-01

237

Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text,1 defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider2,3 experiments, Compton scattering experiments, and the Eötvös experiments.

Huggins, Elisha

2010-05-01

238

Academic achievement and formal thought in engineering students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Introduction. Research on university-level academic ,performance ,has significantly linked failure and dropping out to formal ,reasoning deficiency. We have ,not found any papers on formal thought in Argentine university students, in spite of the obvious shortcomings ob- served in the classrooms. Thus, the main objective of this paper was exploring the relation between formal operational thought level and academic,performance,in

Stella Maris Vázquez; Hilda Difabio de Anglat

2009-01-01

239

A dual process model for cultural differences in thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nisbett et al. (Psychol Rev 108:291–310, 2001) claim that East Asians are likely to use holistic thought to solve problems, whereas Westerners use analytic thought more,\\u000a and discuss the differences in the frame of the individualism\\/collectivism distinction. The holistic versus analytic distinction\\u000a has been the greatest point of interest of dual process theories, which imply that human thinking has two sub

Hiroshi Yama; Miwa Nishioka; Tomoko Horishita; Yayoi Kawasaki; Junichi Taniguchi

2007-01-01

240

The thought translation device (TTD) for completely paralyzed patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thought translation device trains locked-in patients to self regulate slow cortical potentials (SCP's) of their electroencephalogram (EEG). After operant learning of SCP self control, patients select letters, words or pictograms in a computerized language support program. Results of five respirated, locked-in-patients are described, demonstrating the usefulness of the thought translation device as an alternative communication channel in motivated totally

Niels Birbaumer; Andrea Kübler; Nimr Ghanayim; Thilo Hinterberger; Jouri Perelmouter; Jochen Kaiser; Iver Iversen; Boris Kotchoubey; Nicola Neumann; Herta Flor

2000-01-01

241

Automatic Command Sequence Generation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic Sequence Generator (Autogen) Version 3.0 software automatically generates command sequences for the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) and several other JPL spacecraft operated by the multi-mission support team. Autogen uses standard JPL sequencing tools like APGEN, ASP, SEQGEN, and the DOM database to automate the generation of uplink command products, Spacecraft Command Message Format (SCMF) files, and the corresponding ground command products, DSN Keywords Files (DKF). Autogen supports all the major multi-mission mission phases including the cruise, aerobraking, mapping/science, and relay mission phases. Autogen is a Perl script, which functions within the mission operations UNIX environment. It consists of two parts: a set of model files and the autogen Perl script. Autogen encodes the behaviors of the system into a model and encodes algorithms for context sensitive customizations of the modeled behaviors. The model includes knowledge of different mission phases and how the resultant command products must differ for these phases. The executable software portion of Autogen, automates the setup and use of APGEN for constructing a spacecraft activity sequence file (SASF). The setup includes file retrieval through the DOM (Distributed Object Manager), an object database used to store project files. This step retrieves all the needed input files for generating the command products. Depending on the mission phase, Autogen also uses the ASP (Automated Sequence Processor) and SEQGEN to generate the command product sent to the spacecraft. Autogen also provides the means for customizing sequences through the use of configuration files. By automating the majority of the sequencing generation process, Autogen eliminates many sequence generation errors commonly introduced by manually constructing spacecraft command sequences. Through the layering of commands into the sequence by a series of scheduling algorithms, users are able to rapidly and reliably construct the desired uplink command products. With the aid of Autogen, sequences may be produced in a matter of hours instead of weeks, with a significant reduction in the number of people on the sequence team. As a result, the uplink product generation process is significantly streamlined and mission risk is significantly reduced. Autogen is used for operations of MRO, Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Mars Odyssey, and will be used for operations of Phoenix. Autogen Version 3.0 is the operational version of Autogen including the MRO adaptation for the cruise mission phase, and was also used for development of the aerobraking and mapping mission phases for MRO.

Fisher, Forest; Gladded, Roy; Khanampompan, Teerapat

2007-01-01

242

Automatic transmission system  

SciTech Connect

An automatic transmission system is described for use in vehicles, which comprises: a clutch wheel containing a plurality of concentric rings of decreasing diameter, the clutch wheel being attached to an engine of the vehicle; a plurality of clutch gears corresponding in size to the concentric rings, the clutch gears being adapted to selectively and frictionally engage with the concentric rings of the clutch wheel; an accelerator pedal and a gear selector, the accelerator pedals being connected to one end of a substantially U-shaped frame member, the other end of the substantially U-shaped frame member selectively engaging with one end of one of wires received in a pair of apertures of the gear selector; a plurality of drive gear controllers and a reverse gear controller; means operatively connected with the gear selector and the plurality of drive gear controllers and reverse gear controller for selectively engaging one of the drive and reverse gear controllers depending upon the position of the gear selector; and means for individually connecting the drive and reverse gear controllers with the corresponding clutch gears whereby upon the selection of the gear selector, friction engagement is achieved between the clutch gear and the clutch wheels for rotating the wheel in the forward or reverse direction.

Ha, J.S.

1989-04-25

243

Automatic Welding System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robotic welding has been of interest to industrial firms because it offers higher productivity at lower cost than manual welding. There are some systems with automated arc guidance available, but they have disadvantages, such as limitations on types of materials or types of seams that can be welded; susceptibility to stray electrical signals; restricted field of view; or tendency to contaminate the weld seam. Wanting to overcome these disadvantages, Marshall Space Flight Center, aided by Hayes International Corporation, developed system that uses closed-circuit TV signals for automatic guidance of the welding torch. NASA granted license to Combined Technologies, Inc. for commercial application of the technology. They developed a refined and improved arc guidance system. CTI in turn, licensed the Merrick Corporation, also of Nashville, for marketing and manufacturing of the new system, called the CT2 Optical Trucker. CT2 is a non-contracting system that offers adaptability to broader range of welding jobs and provides greater reliability in high speed operation. It is extremely accurate and can travel at high speed of up to 150 inches per minute.

1982-01-01

244

Automatic brain tumor segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A system that automatically segments and labels complete glioblastoma-multiform tumor volumes in magnetic resonance images of the human brain is presented. The magnetic resonance images consist of three feature images (T1- weighted, proton density, T2-weighted) and are processed by a system which integrates knowledge-based techniques with multispectral analysis and is independent of a particular magnetic resonance scanning protocol. Initial segmentation is performed by an unsupervised clustering algorithm. The segmented image, along with cluster centers for each class are provided to a rule-based expert system which extracts the intra-cranial region. Multispectral histogram analysis separates suspected tumor from the rest of the intra-cranial region, with region analysis used in performing the final tumor labeling. This system has been trained on eleven volume data sets and tested on twenty-two unseen volume data sets acquired from a single magnetic resonance imaging system. The knowledge-based tumor segmentation was compared with radiologist-verified `ground truth' tumor volumes and results generated by a supervised fuzzy clustering algorithm. The results of this system generally correspond well to ground truth, both on a per slice basis and more importantly in tracking total tumor volume during treatment over time.

Clark, Matthew C.; Hall, Lawrence O.; Goldgof, Dmitry B.; Velthuizen, Robert P.; Murtaugh, F. R.; Silbiger, Martin L.

1998-06-01

245

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2009-04-01

246

75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2010-06-01

247

78 FR 65608 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2013-11-01

248

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2010-04-01

249

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2013-04-01

250

NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--TECHNICIAN WALKTHROUGH QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Technician Walkthrough questionnaire data set contains information about each household as determined during a walkthrough by trained technicians. The information is from 403 technician walkthrough questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The questionnaire includes...

251

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about the household using the primary resident (IRN 01) and other residents who chose to participate. The information is from 1106 Baseline Questionnaires for 534 households. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to...

252

Development and validation of the Experiential Avoidance in Caregiving Questionnaire (EACQ).  

PubMed

Objective: Providing care to a relative with dementia is associated with negative health consequences. Experiential avoidance has been found to be related to caregivers' distress. However, no specific measure of experiential avoidance in the caregiving context is available. The aim of this study is to develop and present the psychometric properties of the Experiential Avoidance in Caregiving Questionnaire (EACQ).Method: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 263 dementia family caregivers (mean age = 61.37; SD = 14.84; 78.3% female). In addition to the EACQ, the Action and Acceptance Questionnaire (AAQ) was used. Depression, anxiety, alexithymia, cognitive fusion, dysfunctional thoughts about caregiving, and mean arterial pressure were also measured.Results: Using principal component analysis, three factors were retained that explained 44.75% of the variance. These factors were labeled: (1) Active Avoidant Behaviors; (2) Intolerance of Negative Thoughts and Emotions Towards the Relative; and (3) Apprehension Concerning Negative Internal Experiences Related to Caregiving. Acceptable reliability indexes (Cronbach's alpha) were found for each factor (.63 for factor 1; .71 for factor 2; and .60 for factor 3) and the total scale (? = .70). Significant positive associations were found between the global scale and anxiety, dysfunctional thoughts, alexithymia and the AAQ.Conclusion: The EACQ shows acceptable psychometric properties and may be a useful tool for clinical assessment and therapeutic work with caregivers. PMID:24678984

Losada, Andrés; Márquez-González, María; Romero-Moreno, Rosa; López, Javier

2014-09-01

253

Development of the young spine questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years.

2013-01-01

254

Assessment of fear of fear in agoraphobics: The Body Sensations Questionnaire and the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire, companion measures for assessing aspects of fear of fear (panic attacks) in agoraphobics. The instruments were administered to 175 agoraphobics (mean age 37.64 yrs) and 43 controls (mean age 36.13 yrs) who were similar in sex and marital status to experimental Ss. Results show that the instruments

Dianne L. Chambless; G. Craig Caputo; Priscilla Bright; Richard Gallagher

1984-01-01

255

Validation Studies of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire/College Alumnus Questionnaire (CAQ)  

Cancer.gov

This article states the PA questionnaire used is the same as that used in the Singh 1996 validation study (which does appear to be the Paffenbarger). But in fact, the two questionnaires (which are provided in both articles) don’t appear to be the same; and the Singh 2001 version does not ask specific walking questions.

256

A Study of Factors that Influence Response Rate Using a Questionnaire on Questionnaires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To discover factors which contribute to a high response rate for questionnaire surveys, the preferences of 150 college teachers and teaching assistants were studied. Four different questionnaire formats using 34 common items were sent to the subjects: open-ended; Likert-type (five points, from "strong influence to return," to "strong influence not…

Leitner, Dennis W.; And Others

257

The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire: Structural Validity and Comparison with the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structural and external validity of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and the relations among TPQ lower-order and higher-order scales and those of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire were examined. Results for 1,236 adults support the TPQ's validity but indicate its failure to operationalize portions of the…

Waller, Niels G.; And Others

1991-01-01

258

Automatic programming of simulation models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of automatic programming is to improve the overall environment for describing the program. This improved environment is realized by a reduction in the amount of detail that the programmer needs to know and is exposed to. Furthermore, this improved environment is achieved by a specification language that is more natural to the user's problem domain and to the user's way of thinking and looking at the problem. The goal of this research is to apply the concepts of automatic programming (AP) to modeling discrete event simulation system. Specific emphasis is on the design and development of simulation tools to assist the modeler define or construct a model of the system and to then automatically write the corresponding simulation code in the target simulation language, GPSS/PC. A related goal is to evaluate the feasibility of various languages for constructing automatic programming simulation tools.

Schroer, Bernard J.; Tseng, Fan T.; Zhang, Shou X.; Dwan, Wen S.

1988-01-01

259

Automatic Classification in Information Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the application of automatic classification methods to the problems associated with computerized document retrieval. Different kinds of classifications are described, and both document and term clustering methods are discussed. References and notes are provided. (Author/JD)

van Rijsbergen, C. J.

1978-01-01

260

Automatic Light Gas Gun Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work was continued toward the development of an automatic hypervelocity weapon based on the principles and techniques of the laboratory light gas gun. With the basic feasibility of the firing scheme established by the preceding work phase, effort was aime...

1964-01-01

261

Attention, Automaticity and Priority Learning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is widely held that there is a distinction between attentive and automatic cognitive processing. In research on attention using visual search tasks, the detection performance of human subjects in consistent mapping paradigms is generally regarded as in...

P. Gupta W. Schneider

1991-01-01

262

ADMAP (automatic data manipulation program)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Instructions are presented on the use of ADMAP, (automatic data manipulation program) an aerospace data manipulation computer program. The program was developed to aid in processing, reducing, plotting, and publishing electric propulsion trajectory data generated by the low thrust optimization program, HILTOP. The program has the option of generating SC4020 electric plots, and therefore requires the SC4020 routines to be available at excution time (even if not used). Several general routines are present, including a cubic spline interpolation routine, electric plotter dash line drawing routine, and single parameter and double parameter sorting routines. Many routines are tailored for the manipulation and plotting of electric propulsion data, including an automatic scale selection routine, an automatic curve labelling routine, and an automatic graph titling routine. Data are accepted from either punched cards or magnetic tape.

Mann, F. I.

1971-01-01

263

ADMAP (Automatic Data Manipulation Program).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Instructions are presented on the use of ADMAP, (automatic data manipulation program) an aerospace data manipulation computer program. The program was developed to aid in processing, reducing, plotting, and publishing electric propulsion trajectory data g...

F. I. Mann

1971-01-01

264

Suggestion overrides automatic audiovisual integration.  

PubMed

Cognitive scientists routinely distinguish between controlled and automatic mental processes. Through learning, practice, and exposure, controlled processes can become automatic; however, whether automatic processes can become deautomatized - recuperated under the purview of control - remains unclear. Here we show that a suggestion derails a deeply ingrained process involving involuntary audiovisual integration. We compared the performance of highly versus less hypnotically suggestible individuals (HSIs versus LSIs) in a classic McGurk paradigm - a perceptual illusion task demonstrating the influence of visual facial movements on auditory speech percepts. Following a posthypnotic suggestion to prioritize auditory input, HSIs but not LSIs manifested fewer illusory auditory perceptions and correctly identified more auditory percepts. Our findings demonstrate that a suggestion deautomatized a ballistic audiovisual process in HSIs. In addition to guiding our knowledge regarding theories and mechanisms of automaticity, the present findings pave the road to a more scientific understanding of top-down effects and multisensory integration. PMID:24398260

Déry, Catherine; Campbell, Natasha K J; Lifshitz, Michael; Raz, Amir

2014-02-01

265

Progress of DORIS Automatic Scaling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A major component of the Digital Oblique Remote Ionospheric Sensing program (DORIS) is the development of an automatic oblique ionogram scaling algorithm. The nature of the variations that have been observed in oblique ionograms collected to data has requ...

B. W. Reinisch K. Chandra W. S. Kuklinski

1989-01-01

266

An Automatic Electric Annealing Furnace.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A novel technique for annealing corundum crystals consists in rapidly cooling the crystals to room temperature after growth is complete, transferring them to an automatically programmed electric furnace and reheating them to 1980 deg. C, and then cooling ...

J. A. Adamski W. A. Yasinski

1968-01-01

267

Automaticity and the anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental psychopathologists have increasingly relied upon the concepts and methods of cognitive psychology in their attempts to elucidate information-processing biases associated with anxiety disorders. Many of these biases presumably constitute instances of automatic, not strategic, processing. But research has shown that attributes of automaticity (i.e. capacity-free, unconsious, involuntary) do not all apply to selective processing of threat associated with anxiety.

Richard J. McNally

1995-01-01

268

Networking automatic test equipment environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic test equipment (ATE) is a term that, in its broadest meaning, indicates a generic system capable of performing measurements in an automatic or semiautomated (human-assisted) way. Years ago, this term was used specifically to refer to an automated measurement system employed to test the functionality of some electronic device-under-test (DUT). Typical applications were in the manufacturing area, where ATE

L. Benetazzo; M. Bertocco; C. Narduzzi

2005-01-01

269

Operating safety of automatic objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Operating-safety assurance for automatic objects (aircraft, spacecraft, and underwater vehicles) is considered in the framework of safety-automata theory and automatic-control considerations. The interaction between the operator and the safety-assurance facilities is considered. Methodological recommendations are presented on the specification of reliability requirements for the vehicles considered, as well as on automata synthesis and analysis considerations, test planning, and the analysis of test results.

Maiorov, Anatolii Vladimirovich; Moskatov, Genrikh Karlovich; Shibanov, Georgii Petrovich

270

Automatic safety rod for reactors  

DOEpatents

An automatic safety rod for a nuclear reactor containing neutron absorbing material and designed to be inserted into a reactor core after a loss-of-core flow. Actuation is based upon either a sudden decrease in core pressure drop or the pressure drop decreases below a predetermined minimum value. The automatic control rod includes a pressure regulating device whereby a controlled decrease in operating pressure due to reduced coolant flow does not cause the rod to drop into the core.

Germer, John H. (San Jose, CA)

1988-01-01

271

Automatic transmission apparatus  

SciTech Connect

An automatic transmission apparatus is described comprising: an input shaft, an output shaft disposed behind and coaxially with the input shaft, a counter shaft disposed substantially parallel to both of the input and output shafts, a first gear train including a first gear provided on the input shaft and a second gear provided on the counter shaft to be meshed with the first gear so as to form a first power transmitting path, first friction clutch means operative selectively to make and break the first power transmitting path, a second gear train including a third gear provided through one-way clutch means on a rear end portion of the input shaft and a fourth gear provided on the counter shaft to be meshed with the third gear so as to form a second power transmitting path, second friction clutch means provided at a front end portion of the output shaft, a third gear train including a fifth gear provided on a rear end portion of the counter shaft and a sixth gear provided on the output shaft to be meshed with the fifth gear so as to form a fourth power transmitting path, third friction clutch means operative selectively to make and break the fourth power transmitting path, fourth friction clutch means operative selectively to make and break the second power transmitting path, a fourth gear train including a seventh gear provided on the counter shaft and an eighth gear provided on the output shaft and fifth friction clutch means operative selectively to make and break the fifth power transmitting path.

Hiketa, M.

1987-10-06

272

Psychometric Evaluation of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire (CVQ). The reliability, factor structure, construct validity, and temporal stability of the inventory were examined. Method: A university student sample ("n" = 878) and a working adult sample ("n" = 153) were recruited.…

Duan, Wenjie; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Bai, Yu; Tang, Xiaoqing

2013-01-01

273

College Student Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSSQ) Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory manual for the College Student Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSSQ) includes a description of the test, tentative norms, a summary of findings to date regarding psychometric characteristics of the instrument, and suggestions for possible uses. The manual is intended to supply sufficient material for the practical needs of most test…

Starr, Ann M.; And Others

274

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the psychometric properties of a German translation of the Child Global Report version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ). A total of 1219 German school-children (644 boys and 575 girls), ages 10-14 years participated in the study. The APQ was subjected to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Exploratory factor…

Essau, Cecilia A.; Sasagawa, Satoko; Frick, Paul J.

2006-01-01

275

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

276

Effective Schools Questionnaires, 1981-82.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five questionnaires based on Ronald Edmonds' work on "effective schools" were developed for elementary and secondary students, teachers, principals, and parents. They were designed to assess the perceptions of each group on the five areas identified by Edmonds as distinguishing effective and ineffective schools for students from low-income…

Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.

277

Diagnosis of Twin Zygosity by Mailed Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A deterministic questionnaire method for zygosity determination is developed for use in epidemiological studies of adult twins. It is based on the answers of both members of a twin pair to two questions on similarity and confusion in childhood. The algorithm of the method is used to determine the zygosity status of a twin pair at two different levels of

Seppo Sarna; Jaakko Kaprio; Pertti Sistonen; Markku Koskenvuo

1978-01-01

278

The Development of a Menstrual Distress Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ) is described. Each of 839 women rated their experience of 47 symptoms on a six-point scale separately for the menstrual, premenstrual, and intermenstrual phases of her most recent menstrual cycle and for her worst menstrual cycle. The 47 symptoms were intercorrelated and factor analyzed separately for each phase, and eight basically replicated

RUDOLF H. MOOS

279

Mining from open answers in questionnaire data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys are an important part of marketing and customer relationship management, and open answers (i.e., answers to open questions) in particular may contain valuable information and provide an important basis for making business decisions. We have developed a text mining system that provides a new way for analyzing open answers in questionnaire data. The product is able to perform the

Hang Li; Kenji Yamanishi

2001-01-01

280

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest is described; in construction and scoring, the authors have borrowed from the Sexual Orientation Method. Five subscale scores relating to different areas of sexual behavior can be measured, and an overall Sexual Interest score obtained. The measure is fully described, and preliminary data on internal consistency, reliability, and validity are presented. Applications of the

J. J. M. Harbison; P. Joan Graham; J. T. Quinn; H. McAllister; R. Woodward

1974-01-01

281

IRON AND STEEL EFFLUENT GUIDELINES ECONOMIC QUESTIONNAIRE  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: This information acquired via the questionnaire is used to support development of the effluent guidelines for the Iron and Steel Point Source Category (40CFR Part 420). One of the statutory decision criteria for the adoption of a best available treatment t...

282

Utah Drop-Out Drug Use Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in high school drop-outs. The 79 items (multiple choice or apply/not apply) are concerned with demographic data and use, use history, reasons for use/nonuse, attitudes toward drugs, availability of drugs, and drug information with respect to narcotics, amphetamines, LSD, Marijuana, and barbiturates.…

Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

283

Construct Validity of the Social Coping Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social coping Questionnaire (SCQ) measures strategies used by gifted adolescents to minimize the negative effect they believe their high ability has on their social interactions. Previous studies have supported the factor structure, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the SCQ. The current study provides construct validity…

Swiatek, Mary Ann; Cross, Tracy L.

2007-01-01

284

Student-Outcomes Questionnaires: An Implementation Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Student Outcomes Questionnaire and the Student Outcomes Information Analysis Service (SOIS) developed by NCHEMS and the College Board are discussed. The term, "student outcomes," is defined as the consequence of a student's enrollment in an educational institution and involvement in its programs. The importance of this type of information is…

Gray, Robert G.; And Others

285

Validation of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to test the validity evidence of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire (CSCQ). To accomplish this task, convergent, discriminant, and known-group difference validity were examined, along with factorial validity via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Child athletes (N = 290, M[subscript age] = 10.73 plus or…

Martin, Luc J.; Carron, Albert V.; Eys, Mark A.; Loughead, Todd

2013-01-01

286

Reliability of the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lack of systematic psychometric information on the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ) was addressed by investigating the factor structure and reliability of the eight-factor clinical scale model (mental illness, cry for help, right to die, religion, impulsivity, normality, aggression, and moral evil), developed for interpreting responses to…

Rogers, James R.; DeShon, Richard P.

287

Computerized Administration of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A computer-administered (CA) form of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ) (A. Tellegen, 1982) was created, and scores of 126 college students were compared to those of 101 who took a paper-and-pencil MPQ. Multivariate analyses found no group differences for the CA format, and likelihood of profile validity was decreased. Results…

DiLalla, David L.

1996-01-01

288

Sometimes, Practice Makes Imperfect: Overcoming the Automaticity of Challenging Behavior by Linking Intervention to Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In schools throughout the country, education personnel express concern over the aggressive and antisocial behavior of children and youth. The frequency and severity of these acts compel us to find more effective strategies for decreasing and eliminating these behaviors. In this article, we argue for a broader explanation of the nature and…

Gable, Robert A.; Van Acker, Richard

2004-01-01

289

Assessing disordered thoughts in preschoolers with dysregulated mood.  

PubMed

There is rising interest in identifying precursors to bipolar disorder symptoms, including thought disorder. Thought disorder is identified in adults through self-report and in school-aged children through parent report and child story-telling. This study is an exploration to determine if preschoolers with mood dysregulation have evidence of disordered thoughts using a story-stem completion method. Participants included two groups of 3.5-6 year-old children: 20 with mood dysregulation including manic symptoms and 11 typically developing comparison children. Children were administered story completion narratives including one story where the child character accidentally cuts him/herself while pretending to cook. The children were asked to complete the stories and their responses were analyzed for atypical themes consistent with disordered thoughts such as violence or bizarreness outside of the story or props coming to life. Thirty-five percentage of symptomatic preschoolers versus 0% of typically developing preschoolers ascribed independent actions to inanimate props (p = 0.03). Eighty percentage of symptomatic preschoolers versus 9% of typically developing preschoolers utilized props in a violent or bizarre manner outside the central story (p < 0.001). Preschool children with symptoms of dysregulated mood express themes related to the unusual use of story props which may indicate disordered thoughts. This preschool expression of dysregulated mood appears similar to and possibly continuous with school-age and adult versions of bipolar disorder. PMID:20387113

Hutchison, Amanda K; Beresford, Carol; Robinson, Joann; Ross, Randal G

2010-10-01

290

Prevalence of Suicidal Thoughts and Attempts Among Pregnant Pakistani Women  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and attempts and to identify demographic variables and mental health correlates such as anxiety/depression and domestic violence among pregnant women in an urban community in Pakistan. Design Cross sectional data from a prospective cohort study are presented. Setting Women enrolled in an antenatal care clinic and followed to delivery in an urban area of Pakistan Population Cohort of pregnant women in Pakistan. Methods 1,369 pregnant women were enrolled and interviewed regarding various maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes, and were asked specific questions about suicidal thoughts and attempts and administered the Aga Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale at 20–26 weeks of gestation. Main outcome measures Suicidal thoughts and attempts, verbal, sexual or physical abuse. Results Overall, 148 of the 1369 (11%) women studied had considered suicide. Of these, 148 women, 67 (45%) had attempted suicide. Eighteen percent of the women were classified as having depression/anxiety, almost half (48%) reported experiencing verbal abuse and 20% reported physical/sexual abuse. Women who had anxiety/depression or had experienced verbal or physical/sexual abuse were significantly more likely to have had suicidal thoughts and attempts. Conclusions Women at greatest risk for having suicidal thoughts or a suicide attempt were those who were depressed/anxious and had experienced some form of domestic abuse. With the high prevalence of these conditions, attention should be given to the establishment of effective mental health treatment programs for pregnant women.

Asad, Nargis; Karmaliani, Rozina; Sullaiman, Nasreen; Bann, Carla M.; McClure, Elizabeth M.; Pasha, Omrana; Wright, Linda L.; Goldenberg, Robert L.

2014-01-01

291

Prevalence of self-reported suicidal thoughts in SLiCA. The survey of living conditions in the Arctic (SLiCA)  

PubMed Central

Objectives The Survey of Living Condition in the Arctic (SLiCA) is an international research project on health and living conditions among Arctic indigenous peoples. The main objective of this article is to examine the prevalence of self-reported suicide thoughts among the study population in Alaska, Greenland, Sweden and Norway. Study design Population-based survey. Methods Indigenous participants aged 16 years (15 years in Greenland) and older living in traditional settlement regions in Alaska, Sweden and Norway and across the entire Greenland were invited to participate. Data were collected in three periods: in Alaska from January 2002 to February 2003, in Greenland from December 2003 to August 2006, in Sweden from spring 2004 to 2006 and in Norway in 2003 and from June 2006 to June 2008. The principal method in SLiCA was standardised face-to-face interviews using a questionnaire. A questionnaire had among other things, questions about health, education, traditional activities, ethnicity and suicidal thoughts. Results Information about suicidal thoughts, gender and age were available in 2,099 participants between the ages of 16 and 84 from Alaska, Greenland, Sweden and Norway. Greenland had the highest rates of suicidal thoughts when adjusting for age and gender (p=0.003). When stratifying on age and gender, significant differences across countries were only found for females in the two youngest age groups. Differences in suicidal thoughts across countries could partly be explained by educational level. Conclusion Swedish respondents had less suicidal thoughts than those in any other countries. In the future, analyses of suicidal thoughts should take socioeconomic status into account as well as self- reported health, depression and anxiety.

Ragnhild Broderstad, Ann; Eliassen, Bent-Martin; Melhus, Marita

2011-01-01

292

Thought intrusion among adults living with complex regional pain syndrome.  

PubMed

Purpose: This study investigated the presence and influence of intrusive thoughts among adults previously diagnosed with complex regional pain syndrome. Method: The present study used an Internet-based survey completed by a sample (N = 326) from two national organizations. Results: After controlling for age, gender, and pain level, intrusive thoughts were significantly related to disability and health-related quality of life. Conclusions/Implications: Intrusive thoughts about the inciting event that caused CRPS uniquely influenced pain and quality of life, suggesting a potential mechanism to target for intervention. Understanding factors that relate to maintenance of CRPS and its resulting disability will help in the development of treatments to improve quality of life. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24611917

Lohnberg, Jessica A; Altmaier, Elizabeth M

2014-05-01

293

Automatic addressing of telemetry channels  

SciTech Connect

To simplify telemetry software development, a design that eliminates the use of software instructions to address telemetry channels is being implemented in our telemetry systems. By using the direct memory access function of the RCA 1802 microprocessor, once initialized, addressing of telemetry channels is automatic, requiring no software. In this report the automatic addressing of telemetry channels (AATC) scheme is compared with an earlier technique that uses software. In comparison, the automatic addressing scheme effectively increases the software capability of the microprocessor, simplifies telemetry dataset encoding, eases dataset changes, and may decrease the electronic hardware count. The software addressing technique uses at least three instructions to address each channel. The automatic addressing technique requires no software instructions. Instead, addressing is performed using a direct memory access cycle stealing technique. Application of an early version of this addressing scheme to telemetry Type 1, Dataset 3, opened up the capability to execute 400 more microprocessor instructions than could be executed using the software addressing scheme. The present version of the automatic addressing scheme uses a section of PROM reserved for telemetry channel addresses. Encoding for a dataset is accomplished by programming the PROM with channel addresses in the order they are to be monitored. The telemetry Type 2 software was written using the software addressing scheme, then rewritten using the automatic addressing scheme. While 1000 bytes of memory were required by the software addressing scheme, the automatic addressing scheme required only 396 bytes. A number of prototypes using AATC have been built and tested in a full telemetry lab unit. All have worked successfully.

Lucero, L A

1982-08-01

294

Does Writing about Suicidal Thoughts and Feelings Reduce Them?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess whether writing with cognitive change or exposure instructions reduces depression or suicidality, 121 undergraduates wrote for 20 minutes on 4 days over two weeks. They were randomly assigned to reinterpret or to write and rewrite traumatic events/emotions, or to write about innocuous topics. All subjects reported fewer automatic

Kovac, Stacey H.; Range, Lillian M.

2002-01-01

295

An emotion-differentiated perspective on empathy with the emotion specific empathy questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Empathy refers to the thoughts and feelings of one individual in response to the observed (emotional) experiences of another individual. Empathy, however, can occur toward persons experiencing a variety of emotions, raising the question of whether or not empathy can be emotion specific. This paper discusses theoretical and empirical support for the emotion specificity of empathy. We present a new measure, the Emotion Specific Empathy questionnaire, which assesses affective and cognitive empathy for the six basic emotions. This paper presents the measure's psychometric qualities and demonstrates, through a series of models, the discriminant validity between emotion specific empathies suggesting empathy is emotion specific. Results and implications are discussed.

Olderbak, Sally; Sassenrath, Claudia; Keller, Johannes; Wilhelm, Oliver

2014-01-01

296

World War I History Commission Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1928, the Library of Virginia inherited a mass of materials from the Virginia War History Commission, which had spent the previous eight years gathering information on Virginia's participation in World War I. Included in this material were over 14,900 four-page questionnaires from a survey of WWI veterans in Virginia. The Library of Virginia has digitized these survey forms and created a free, fully-searchable database. Users have three search options: by word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each individual, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the questionnaire forms. In some cases, respondents submitted photos or additional pages with their forms and these are included in the database.

297

The Marks Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We performed analyses to examine the structure, validity, and responsiveness to change of the Marks Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ), originally validated in Australia in a self-administered format, among 539 U.S. subjects with asthma. Subjects were interviewed twice by telephone over an 18-month period. Based on factor analyses, the subscale structure of the AQLQ was modified slightly to eliminate

Patricia P. Katz; Mark D. Eisner; Jonathan Henke; Stephen Shiboski; Edward H. Yelin; Paul D. Blanc

1999-01-01

298

Outlier Detection in Test and Questionnaire Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Classical methods for detecting outliers deal with continuous variables. These methods are not readily applicable to categorical data, such as incorrect\\/correct scores (0\\/1) and ordered rating scale scores (e.g., 0, …, 4) typical of multi-item tests and questionnaires. This study proposes two definitions of outlier scores suited for categorical data. One definition combines information on outliers from scores on all

Wobbe P. Zijlstra; L. Andries van der Ark; Klaas Sijtsma

2007-01-01

299

A Social Studies Teacher's Challenge: Thoughts from Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there may be no definitive answers for navigating questions of school authority and teacher independence, the author outlines in this article some useful guideposts. These guideposts are not prescriptive; rather, they are important food for thought. They do not guarantee easy solutions. However, social studies teachers are preparing young…

Ochoa-Becker, Anna

2010-01-01

300

Frank H. Knight's thought revisited : Subjectivism, interpretation and social economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses Frank H. Knight's thought under three major themes, namely subjectivism, interpretation and social economics. Knight's economics starts with a conscious mind construct which is able to infer under partial knowledge. Conscious human action is purposive, forward looking and extends towards other individuals. Rejecting neoclassical positivism, Knight points to the need for economics to reconceptualize itself as an

Tony Fu-Lai Yu

2004-01-01

301

RUMINATIVE THOUGHT IN INDIVIDUALS WITH BORDERLINE PERSONALITY FEATURES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by patterns of intense negative affect, interpersonal difficulties, and maladaptive impulsive behaviors, and is associated with impairments in social and occupational functioning. Rumination is a maladaptive form of repetitive thought that maintains and intensifies emotional disturbance and is associated with behavioral dysregulation. This study tested several hypotheses about relationships between rumination and borderline personality

Brian Thomas Upton

2011-01-01

302

Do we need to challenge thoughts in cognitive behavior therapy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) emphasizes the primacy of cognition in mediating psychological disorder. It aims to alleviate distress by modifying cognitive content and process, realigning thinking with reality. Recently, various authors have questioned the need for CBT therapists to use logico?rational strategies to directly challenge maladaptive thoughts. Hayes [Hayes, S.C. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy and the new behavior therapies.

Richard J. Longmore; Michael Worrell

2007-01-01

303

Depressive Thought Content Among Female College Students With Bulimia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared overall depression scores on Beck Depression Inventory between women with and without bulimia and examined differences in specific depression items. Results indicated that bulimics were more depressed than controls and had distorted thoughts regarding body image, self-blame, somatic preoccupation, guilt, and suicidal ideation. (Author/NB)

Brouwers, Mariette

1988-01-01

304

Parent-Adolescent Agreement Concerning Adolescents' Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is critical in risk assessment, and multi-informant assessment has been recommended. Despite this, relatively little is known about parent-adolescent agreement regarding adolescent suicidality. To examine the extent and predictors of such agreement, 448 psychiatrically hospitalized…

Klaus, Nicole M.; Mobilio, Andrea; King, Cheryl A.

2009-01-01

305

Satan and savior: Mass communication in progressive thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay probes the contradictory philosophical reception of mass communication in the social thought of progressives such as Cooley, Dewey, Park, and Royce. Mass communication served as a focus for larger anxieties about social order, social evolution, the future of American democracy, and the integrity of the public sphere. The theoretical grapplings of these thinkers with the symbolic mediation of

John Durham Peters

1989-01-01

306

Creativity is …: A metaphoric model of the creative thought process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applied a three-part metaphoric model of thinking to illuminate the creative thought process in developing marketing communications. The Zaltman Metaphor Elicitation Technique was used to categorize metaphorical statements about the creative process. Analysis found that these statements fit the model's tripartite structure of perception, movement, and object manipulation. These results suggest alternative paths for developing creative concepts, and

Mark W. Stuhlfaut; Bruce G. Vanden Bergh

2012-01-01

307

Language and thought disorder in schizophrenia: brain morphological correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this magnetic resonance imaging study, the authors analyzed the relationships between frontal and temporal lobe volumes, volumes of ventricular system subdivisions and clinical and neuropsychological aspects of language and thought disorder in a group of 19 young schizophrenic patients. Schizophrenics showed enlargement of lateral ventricles, especially of the central and occipital segments compared with 15 age and sex matched

Antonio Vita; Massimiliano Dieci; Gian Marco Giobbio; Alberto Caputo; Laura Ghiringhelli; Margherita Comazzi; Marco Garbarini; Alberto Paolo Mendini; Carla Morganti; Fernando Tenconi; Bruno Cesana; Giordano Invernizzi

1995-01-01

308

Chicanas and Higher Education: Three Decades of Literature and Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severe under representation of Chicanas in higher education reveals the need to chronicle the evolution of the field of Chicanas and higher education. This article highlights key studies and significant events related to the field of Chicanas and higher education for three decades, beginning with the 1970s and ending with the 1990s. The author synthesizes the schools of thought

Gloria Holguín Cuádraz

2005-01-01

309

Superculture? Thoughts Prompted by Roland S. Persson's Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author finds Roland S. Persson's (2012a) paper to be timely, fascinating, important and powerful. At risk of mixing metaphors, it provides much food for thought and a penetrating lens through which all those vested in the optimal realisation of human potential would be prudent to review their own perceptions, boundaries of belief and…

Tebbs, Trevor J.

2012-01-01

310

Sexism in Political Thought and Its Refutation: A Schematic Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document examines Western political thought in terms of women's and men's expected spheres of concern, the proper male and female nature, and the sex-specific allocation of social values. In addition, the author applies her conclusions to contemporary political issues in the United States. Aristotle, Cicero, Aquinas, Rousseau, and Hegel made a…

Fox, Siegrun F.

311

The Use and Development of the Career Thoughts Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI) is a theory-based assessment and intervention resource intended to improve the quality of career decisions made by adults, college students, and high school students, while at the same time improving the quality of career services delivered to them. It is a self-administered, objectively scored measure of…

Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.; Lenz, Janet G.; Reardon, Robert C.; Saunders, Denise E.

312

Kindness in the Art Classroom: Kind Thoughts on Stephen Rowland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a response to Stephen Rowland's article, "Kindness," which appeared in "London Review of Education," November 2009. Much to my amazement, Stephen Rowland's article was the only one I found when I did a global database search on "kindness in education". I had thought that I would find reams of information in the databases on the…

Lampert, Nancy

2011-01-01

313

Neurally and Mathematically Motivated Architecture for Language and Thought  

PubMed Central

Neural structures of interaction between thinking and language are unknown. This paper suggests a possible architecture motivated by neural and mathematical considerations. A mathematical requirement of computability imposes significant constraints on possible architectures consistent with brain neural structure and with a wealth of psychological knowledge. How language interacts with cognition. Do we think with words, or is thinking independent from language with words being just labels for decisions? Why is language learned by the age of 5 or 7, but acquisition of knowledge represented by learning to use this language knowledge takes a lifetime? This paper discusses hierarchical aspects of language and thought and argues that high level abstract thinking is impossible without language. We discuss a mathematical technique that can model the joint language-thought architecture, while overcoming previously encountered difficulties of computability. This architecture explains a contradiction between human ability for rational thoughtful decisions and irrationality of human thinking revealed by Tversky and Kahneman; a crucial role in this contradiction might be played by language. The proposed model resolves long-standing issues: how the brain learns correct words-object associations; why animals do not talk and think like people. We propose the role played by language emotionality in its interaction with thought. We relate the mathematical model to Humboldt’s “firmness” of languages; and discuss possible influence of language grammar on its emotionality. Psychological and brain imaging experiments related to the proposed model are discussed. Future theoretical and experimental research is outlined.

Perlovsky, L.I; Ilin, R

2010-01-01

314

Neurally and mathematically motivated architecture for language and thought.  

PubMed

Neural structures of interaction between thinking and language are unknown. This paper suggests a possible architecture motivated by neural and mathematical considerations. A mathematical requirement of computability imposes significant constraints on possible architectures consistent with brain neural structure and with a wealth of psychological knowledge. How language interacts with cognition. Do we think with words, or is thinking independent from language with words being just labels for decisions? Why is language learned by the age of 5 or 7, but acquisition of knowledge represented by learning to use this language knowledge takes a lifetime? This paper discusses hierarchical aspects of language and thought and argues that high level abstract thinking is impossible without language. We discuss a mathematical technique that can model the joint language-thought architecture, while overcoming previously encountered difficulties of computability. This architecture explains a contradiction between human ability for rational thoughtful decisions and irrationality of human thinking revealed by Tversky and Kahneman; a crucial role in this contradiction might be played by language. The proposed model resolves long-standing issues: how the brain learns correct words-object associations; why animals do not talk and think like people. We propose the role played by language emotionality in its interaction with thought. We relate the mathematical model to Humboldt's "firmness" of languages; and discuss possible influence of language grammar on its emotionality. Psychological and brain imaging experiments related to the proposed model are discussed. Future theoretical and experimental research is outlined. PMID:21673788

Perlovsky, L I; Ilin, R

2010-01-01

315

Thought Experiments in Science Education: Potential and Current Realization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If science education is to be related as closely as possible to science, then Thought Experiments (TEs) must play an appropriate part. Presents a typology of TEs with examples drawn from the history of physics and addresses their various uses in bringing about students' conceptual development. Finds appropriate use of TEs is lacking in physics…

Gilbert, John K.; Reiner, Miriam

2000-01-01

316

Thought Control Training as a Treatment for Insomnia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students with difficulty falling asleep were treated with either progressive relaxation, systematic desensitization, or a thought control procedure. All three treatment groups showed significant lower latency to sleep onset times than a waiting-list control group at the end of the three-week treatment period. A three-week followup revealed…

Ribordy, Sheila C.

317

Moral Action as Social Capital, Moral Thought as Cultural Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the idea that moral thought/reasoning and moral actions are actually two separate phenomena that have little relationship to each other. The idea that moral thinking does or can control moral action creates a difficult dualism between our knowledge about morality and our everyday actions. These differences run parallel to the…

Kang, Min Ju; Glassman, Michael

2010-01-01

318

A Personal Journey through the "Mosaic of Thought."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the book "Mosaic of Thought: Teaching Comprehension in a Reader's Workshop" by Ellin Oliver Keene and Susan Zimmerman requires teachers to examine their reading strategies. Examines essential strategies for students to become engaged and independent readers. Considers strategies such as: metacognition; activating prior knowledge;…

Penticoff, Judith

2002-01-01

319

A History of Thought and Practice in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical reconstruction bridges the gulf between theory and practice extant in educational administration. This book characterizes evolution of administrative thought and practice in the United States. An introduction summarizes methods incorporated by this applied field from diverse administrative systems. Chapters 2 and 3 advance two of four…

Campbell, Roald F.; And Others

320

A Response to Glickman's "Preparing Thoughtful Educational Leaders"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a response to an article by Carl Glickman entitled "Across the Void: Preparing Thoughtful Educational Leaders for Today's Schools" that appeared in the September 2005 issue of the "Journal of School Leadership." In his article, Glickman argues that the preparation of educational leaders must shake the assumptions that are generally held…

O'Hair; Mary John; Reitzug, Ulrich C.

2006-01-01

321

Academic Achievement and Formal Thought in Engineering Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Research on university-level academic performance has significantly linked failure and dropping out to formal reasoning deficiency. We have not found any papers on formal thought in Argentine university students, in spite of the obvious shortcomings observed in the classrooms. Thus, the main objective of this paper was exploring the…

Vazquez, Stella Maris; de Anglat, Hilda Difabio

2009-01-01

322

How Thought Presents Itself among the Phenomena of Nature  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN your paper of the 5th you give a short abstract of a recent lecture at the Royal Institution by Mr. G. Johnstone Stoney, on the question ``How Thought presents itself among the Phenomena of Nature.'' In this abstract I observe an assertion which is quite new to me, and, I must add, quite unintelligible. It occurs in the first

1885-01-01

323

The Development of Motivational Thought in the Study of Curiosity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the development of motivational thought in the study of exploratory behavior and curiosity. Traces the way in which concepts of curiosity were considered from the perspectives of instinct and drive-reduction theories to the more recent notions of optimal stimulation. (Author)

Vidler, Derek C.

1981-01-01

324

Thought Recognition, Locus of Control, and Adolescent Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the underlying assumptions and principles of a new psychological paradigm, Psychology of Mind/Health Realization (POM/HR). Thought recognition is compared with locus of control (LOC). The relationship of LOC to self-reported happiness and satisfaction is examined from the perspective of POM/HR, using a sample of at-risk adolescents…

Kelley, Thomas M.; Stack, Steven A.

2000-01-01

325

Reversibility of Thought: An Instance in Multiplicative Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In line with current efforts to understand the piece-by-piece structure and articulation of children's mathematical concepts, this case study compares the reversibility schemes of two eighth-grade students. The aim of the study was to identify the mechanism through which students reverse their thought processes in a multiplicative situation. Data…

Ramful, Ajay; Olive, John

2008-01-01

326

Addressing STEM Retention through a Scientific Thought and Methods Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Retention of majors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is a national problem that continues to be the focus of bridging and first-year experience programs. This article presents an innovative course, Scientific Thought and Methods, that targets students with low math placement scores. These students are not eligible for…

Koenig, Kathleen; Schen, Melissa; Edwards, Michael; Bao, Lei

2012-01-01

327

Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite evidence pointing to a ubiquitous tendency of human minds to wander, little is known about the neural operations that support this core component of human cognition. Using both thought sampling and brain imaging, the current investigation demonstrated that mind-wandering is associated with activity in a default network of cortical regions that are active when the brain is \\

Malia F. Mason; Michael I. Norton; John D. Van Horn; Daniel M. Wegner; Scott T. Grafton; C. Neil Macrae

2007-01-01

328

Sex, Lies, and Residence Life: Delaware's Thought Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Delaware has a zero-tolerance policy for anything remotely resembling "hate speech." As such, the school implemented a mandatory training for all 7,000-odd students in its dorms. The sessions were part of a thorough thought-reform curriculum, designed by the school's Office of Residence Life, psychologically to "treat" and…

Kissel, Adam

2009-01-01

329

Answering the Cry for Help--Suicidal Thoughts and Actions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on suicidal ideation/attempts in children and adolescents. Identifies risk factors for suicidal behavior and precipitating events. Examples of suicidal thoughts, threats, and attempts are provided. Other sections consider assessment of suicide risk, responsibilities of school and treatment facility personnel, provision of emotional…

Guetzloe, Eleanor C.

1993-01-01

330

Confucius as a Critical Educator: Towards Educational Thoughts of Confucius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a cross-cultural comparative study in education philosophy. A comparative and philosophical approach is used to interpret texts from the Analects of Confucius and to find connections with ideas of critical educators. In comparing Confucius' educational thought with that of Paulo Freire, John Dewey and other theorists in critical…

Zhao, Juanjuan

2013-01-01

331

Headaches During Sex More Common Than Thought, Expert Says  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Headaches During Sex More Common Than Thought, Expert Says Problem affects ... Friday, June 13, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Headache Sexual Health FRIDAY, June 13, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- While about ...

332

Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite evidence pointing to a ubiquitous tendency of human minds to wander, little is known about the neural operations that support this core component of human cognition. Using both thought sampling and brain imaging, the current investigation demonstrated that mind-wandering is associated with activity in a default network of cortical regions that are active when the brain is ``at rest.''

Malia F. Mason; Michael I. Norton; John D. Van Horn; Daniel M. Wegner; Scott T. Grafton; C. Neil Macrae

2007-01-01

333

A Cognitive Neuroscience View of Schizophrenic Thought Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experimental association psychology approach to mental associations has been the conceptual background for the concept of schizophrenia. Cognitive neuroscience methods and concepts can be used to study various forms of schizophrenic thought disorder. In particular, the concepts of semantic associative and working memory can be applied fruitfully to schizophrenia research. Semantic associative networks can be simulated with self-organizing feature

Manfred Spitzer

1997-01-01

334

A Study of Thoughtful Literacy and the Motivation to Read  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the motivation to read of children in grades two through six. All children in the study were strong in their literal comprehension of narrative text. Some were equally strong in their ability to respond thoughtfully to the text (Blue Group); others struggled to respond to questions requiring them to think about the implications…

Applegate, Anthony J.; Applegate, Mary DeKonty

2010-01-01

335

Diagnosing Childhood Thought Disorder: Do Parent Checklists Yield False Positives?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the validity of using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Thought Problem sub-scale with urban low-income children (N=46) referred to a hospital-based mental health clinic. It was hypothesized that cultural, linguistic, or socio-economic status (SES) factors may influence the manner in which parents understand and respond to…

Longeway, K.; Johnson, S.; Garwood, M.; Davis, L.

336

Automatic solution of thermal problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is pointed out that the engineer or scientist is interested in obtaining results with a minimum of personal effort. In this connection, much attention has been given to the development of systems for the automatic solution of partial differential equations (PDEs), taking into account also the solution of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The state of the art of software for PDE implies that there is a need for the development of new systems. Attention is given to the development of a new iterative system for the automatic solution of nonlinear PDEs. Equations, boundary conditions, order of approximation, and special instructions are specified by the user. The system, which is called ARIEL, automatically generates, compiles, loads, and executes a new program according to the specifications. The software for the PDEs is discussed and a description for ARIEL is provided.

Mikhailov, M. D.; Aladzhem, M. A.

337

Automatic rapid attachable warhead section  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for automatically selecting warheads or reentry vehicles from a storage area containing a plurality of types of warheads or reentry vehicles, automatically selecting weapon carriers from a storage area containing at least one type of weapon carrier, manipulating and aligning the selected warheads or reentry vehicles and weapon carriers, and automatically coupling the warheads or reentry vehicles with the weapon carriers such that coupling of improperly selected warheads or reentry vehicles with weapon carriers is inhibited. Such inhibition enhances safety of operations and is achieved by a number of means including computer control of the process of selection and coupling and use of connectorless interfaces capable of assuring that improperly selected items will be rejected or rendered inoperable prior to coupling. Also disclosed are a method and apparatus wherein the stated principles pertaining to selection, coupling and inhibition are extended to apply to any item-to-be-carried and any carrying assembly. 10 figures.

Trennel, A.J.

1994-05-10

338

Automatic rapid attachable warhead section  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for (1) automatically selecting warheads or reentry vehicles from a storage area containing a plurality of types of warheads or reentry vehicles, (2) automatically selecting weapon carriers from a storage area containing at least one type of weapon carrier, (3) manipulating and aligning the selected warheads or reentry vehicles and weapon carriers, and (4) automatically coupling the warheads or reentry vehicles with the weapon carriers such that coupling of improperly selected warheads or reentry vehicles with weapon carriers is inhibited. Such inhibition enhances safety of operations and is achieved by a number of means including computer control of the process of selection and coupling and use of connectorless interfaces capable of assuring that improperly selected items will be rejected or rendered inoperable prior to coupling. Also disclosed are a method and apparatus wherein the stated principles pertaining to selection, coupling and inhibition are extended to apply to any item-to-be-carried and any carrying assembly.

Trennel, Anthony J. (Albuquerque, NM) [Albuquerque, NM

1994-05-10

339

Grinding Parts For Automatic Welding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rollers guide grinding tool along prospective welding path. Skatelike fixture holds rotary grinder or file for machining large-diameter rings or ring segments in preparation for welding. Operator grasps handles to push rolling fixture along part. Rollers maintain precise dimensional relationship so grinding wheel cuts precise depth. Fixture-mounted grinder machines surface to quality sufficient for automatic welding; manual welding with attendant variations and distortion not necessary. Developed to enable automatic welding of parts, manual welding of which resulted in weld bead permeated with microscopic fissures.

Burley, Richard K.; Hoult, William S.

1989-01-01

340

Automatic interpretation of Schlumberger soundings  

SciTech Connect

The automatic interpretation of apparent resistivity curves from horizontally layered earth models is carried out by the curve-fitting method in three steps: (1) the observed VES data are interpolated at equidistant points of electrode separations on the logarithmic scale by using the cubic spline function, (2) the layer parameters which are resistivities and depths are predicted from the sampled apparent resistivity values by SALS system program and (3) the theoretical VES curves from the models are calculated by Ghosh's linear filter method using the Zhody's computer program. Two soundings taken over Takenoyu geothermal area were chosen to test the procedures of the automatic interpretation.

Ushijima, K.

1980-09-01

341

Traduction automatique et terminologie automatique (Automatic Translation and Automatic Terminology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exposition of reasons why a system of automatic translation could not use a terminology bank except as a source of information. The fundamental difference between the two tools is explained and examples of translation and mistranslation are given as evidence of the limits and possibilities of each process. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

Dansereau, Jules

1978-01-01

342

A correspondence between individual differences in the brain's intrinsic functional architecture and the content and form of self-generated thoughts.  

PubMed

Although neural activity often reflects the processing of external inputs, intrinsic fluctuations in activity have been observed throughout the brain. These may relate to patterns of self-generated thought that can occur while not performing goal-driven tasks. To understand the relationship between self-generated mental activity and intrinsic neural fluctuations, we developed the New York Cognition Questionnaire (NYC-Q) to assess the content and form of an individual's experiences during the acquisition of resting-state fMRI data. The data were collected as a part of the Nathan Kline Rockland Enhanced sample. We decomposed NYC-Q scores using exploratory factor analysis and found that self-reported thoughts clustered into distinct dimensions of content (future related, past related, positive, negative, and social) and form (words, images, and specificity). We used these components to perform an individual difference analysis exploring how differences in the types of self-generated thoughts relate to whole brain measures of intrinsic brain activity (fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations, regional homogeneity, and degree centrality). We found patterns of self-generated thoughts related to changes that were distributed across a wide range of cortical areas. For example, individuals who reported greater imagery exhibited greater low frequency fluctuations in a region of perigenual cingulate cortex, a region that is known to participate in the so-called default-mode network. We also found certain forms of thought were associated with other areas, such as primary visual cortex, the insula, and the cerebellum. For example, individuals who reported greater future thought exhibited less homogeneous neural fluctuations in a region of lateral occipital cortex, a result that is consistent with the claim that particular types of self-generated thought depend on processes that are decoupled from sensory processes. These data provide evidence that self-generated thought is a heterogeneous category of experience and that studying its content can be helpful in understanding brain dynamics. PMID:24824880

Gorgolewski, Krzysztof J; Lurie, Dan; Urchs, Sebastian; Kipping, Judy A; Craddock, R Cameron; Milham, Michael P; Margulies, Daniel S; Smallwood, Jonathan

2014-01-01

343

A Correspondence between Individual Differences in the Brain's Intrinsic Functional Architecture and the Content and Form of Self-Generated Thoughts  

PubMed Central

Although neural activity often reflects the processing of external inputs, intrinsic fluctuations in activity have been observed throughout the brain. These may relate to patterns of self-generated thought that can occur while not performing goal-driven tasks. To understand the relationship between self-generated mental activity and intrinsic neural fluctuations, we developed the New York Cognition Questionnaire (NYC-Q) to assess the content and form of an individual's experiences during the acquisition of resting-state fMRI data. The data were collected as a part of the Nathan Kline Rockland Enhanced sample. We decomposed NYC-Q scores using exploratory factor analysis and found that self-reported thoughts clustered into distinct dimensions of content (future related, past related, positive, negative, and social) and form (words, images, and specificity). We used these components to perform an individual difference analysis exploring how differences in the types of self-generated thoughts relate to whole brain measures of intrinsic brain activity (fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations, regional homogeneity, and degree centrality). We found patterns of self-generated thoughts related to changes that were distributed across a wide range of cortical areas. For example, individuals who reported greater imagery exhibited greater low frequency fluctuations in a region of perigenual cingulate cortex, a region that is known to participate in the so-called default-mode network. We also found certain forms of thought were associated with other areas, such as primary visual cortex, the insula, and the cerebellum. For example, individuals who reported greater future thought exhibited less homogeneous neural fluctuations in a region of lateral occipital cortex, a result that is consistent with the claim that particular types of self-generated thought depend on processes that are decoupled from sensory processes. These data provide evidence that self-generated thought is a heterogeneous category of experience and that studying its content can be helpful in understanding brain dynamics.

Gorgolewski, Krzysztof J.; Lurie, Dan; Urchs, Sebastian; Kipping, Judy A.; Craddock, R. Cameron; Milham, Michael P.; Margulies, Daniel S.; Smallwood, Jonathan

2014-01-01

344

The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To investigate the factor structure of the Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) among individuals seen as\\u000a part of routine follow-up following traumatic brain injury.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  RPQ data from 168 participants was examined (mean age 35.2, SD 14.3; 89% with post traumatic amnesia duration < 24 hours)\\u000a six months after admission to an Accident & Emergency Department following TBI. Structural equation modelling was

Seb Potter; Eleanor Leigh; Derick Wade; Simon Fleminger

2006-01-01

345

The effectiveness of a web-based self-help intervention to reduce suicidal thoughts: A randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Suicide, attempted suicide and suicidal thoughts are major public health problems worldwide. Effective face-to-face treatments are Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) and Problem Solving Treatment (PST). However, about two-thirds of persons who die by suicide have not been in contact with mental health care services in the preceding year, and many have never been treated. Furthermore, many patients do not disclose their suicidal thoughts to their care provider. This may be out of shame, due to fear of stigma or due to lack of trust in (mental) health care. Since many suicidal individuals seek information online, the internet provides an opportunity to reach suicidal individuals who would not be contacted otherwise. By providing a self-help intervention online, persons can anonymously learn to gain control over their suicidal thoughts. There is convincing evidence that self-help is effective for a number of mental disorders. In this study the effectiveness for suicidal thoughts is examined. Methods/Design In this study, a recently developed self-help intervention will be evaluated in a Randomized Controlled Trial. The intervention is based on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and is aimed at subjects who experience mild to moderate suicidal thoughts. This is defined as a score between 1 and 26 on the Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSS). Higher and lower scores are excluded. In addition, severely depressed subjects are excluded. In total, 260 subjects will be randomly allocated to the intervention-condition (N = 130) or to the information-control condition (N = 130). Self-report questionnaires will be filled out at baseline, 6 weeks after baseline and 18 weeks after baseline. Primary outcome measure is the reduction in frequency and intensity of suicidal thoughts. Secondary outcome measures are the reduction of hopelessness, anxiety and depression, sleeplessness, worry and quality of life measures. Discussion This study is the first to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based self-help intervention for suicidal thoughts. Several limitations and strengths of the design are discussed. Trial Registration Netherlands Trial Register, NTR1689

2010-01-01

346

Sexual behavioral abstine HIV/AIDS questionnaire: Validation study of an Iranian questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background: This study was designed to assess the validity and reliability of the designed sexual, behavioral abstinence, and avoidance of high-risk situation questionnaire (SBAHAQ), with an aim to construct an appropriate development tool in the Iranian population. Materials and Methods: A descriptive–analytic study was conducted among female undergraduate students of Tehran University, who were selected through cluster random sampling. After reviewing the questionnaires and investigating face and content validity, internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed by Cronbach's alpha. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using SPSS and AMOS 16 Software, respectively. Results: The sample consisted of 348 female university students with a mean age of 20.69 ± 1.63 years. The content validity ratio (CVR) coefficient was 0.85 and the reliability of each section of the questionnaire was as follows: Perceived benefit (PB; 0.87), behavioral intention (BI; 0.77), and self-efficacy (SE; 0.85) (Cronbach's alpha totally was 0.83). Explanatory factor analysis showed three factors, including SE, PB, and BI, with the total variance of 61% and Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin (KMO) index of 88%. These factors were also confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis [adjusted goodness of fitness index (AGFI) = 0.939, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.039]. Conclusion: This study showed the designed questionnaire provided adequate construct validity and reliability, and could be adequately used to measure sexual abstinence and avoidance of high-risk situations among female students.

Najarkolaei, Fatemeh Rahmati; Niknami, Shamsaddin; Shokravi, Farkhondeh Amin; Tavafian, Sedigheh Sadat; Fesharaki, Mohammad Gholami; Jafari, Mohammad Reza

2014-01-01

347

Automatic Labeling of Document Clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatically labeling document clusters with words which indicate their topics is difficult to do well. The most commonly used method, labeling with the most frequent words in the clusters, ends up using many words that are virtually void of descriptive power even after traditional stop words are removed. Another method, labeling with the most predictive words, often includes rather obscure

Alexandrin Popescul; Lyle H. Ungar

2000-01-01

348

Panic bars and automatic brakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This publication illustrates the need for installation of panic bars that will permit rapid deenergization of equipment in emergencies and automatic emergency brakes on self-propelled electric face equipment used in coal mines. The publication contains drawings depicting actual fatal accidents that have occurred in underground coal mines which these safety devices could have prevented. Also included are drawings and technical

1975-01-01

349

Passive Parallel Automatic Minimalist Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research for which the idea that many basic cognitive processes can be described as fast, parallel, and automatic is reviewed. Memory retrieval\\/decision processes have often been ignored in the cognitive literature. However, in some cases, computation- ally complex processes can be replaced with simple passive processes. Cue-dependent retrieval from memory provides a straightforward example of how encoding, memory, and retrieval

Roger Ratcliff; Gail McKoon

350

Automatic agar tray inoculation device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic agar tray inoculation device is simple in design and foolproof in operation. It employs either conventional inoculating loop or cotton swab for uniform inoculation of agar media, and it allows technician to carry on with other activities while tray is being inoculated.

Wilkins, J. R.; Mills, S. M.

1972-01-01

351

Automatic speaker verification: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation of speaker verification to other pattern-recognition problems in speech is discussed, especially the distinction between speaker verification and speaker identification. The prospects for automatic speaker verification, its settings and applications are outlined. The techniques, evaluations, and implementations of various proposed speaker recognition systems are reviewed with special emphasis on issues peculiar to speaker verification. Two large-scale operating systems

A. E. Rosenberg; L. R. Rabiner; K. N. Stevens; C. E. Williams; J. R. Carbonell; B. Woods

1976-01-01

352

Automatic precision measurement of spectrograms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A fully automatic comparator has been designed and implemented to determine precision wavelengths from high-resolution spectrograms. The system consists of a comparator, slightly modified for simultaneous data acquisition from two parallel scans of the spectrogram, interfaced to a minicomputer. The control software embodies three innovations of special interest: (1) data acquired from two parallel scans are compared and used to

B. A. Palmer; C. J. Sansonetti; K. L. Andrew

1978-01-01

353

Automatic Number Plate Recognition System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic recognition of car license plate number became a very important in our daily life because of the unlimited increase of cars and transportation systems which make it impossible to be fully managed and monitored by humans, examples are so many like traffic monitoring, tracking stolen cars, managing parking toll, red-light violation enforcement, border and customs checkpoints. Yet it's a

Amr Badr; Mohamed Mahmoud Abd El-Wahab; Ahmed M. Thabet

2011-01-01

354

Automatically classifying emails into activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Email-based activity management systems promise to give users better tools for managing increasing volumes of email, by organizing email according to a user's activities. Current activity management systems do not automatically classify incoming messages by the activity to which they belong, in- stead relying on simple heuristics (such as message threads), or asking the user to manually classify incoming messages

Mark Dredze; Tessa A. Lau; Nicholas Kushmerick

2006-01-01

355

Automatic calculation in quarkonium physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this report, an automatic calculating package based on REDUCE and RLISP, FDC, is introduced, especially its one-loop calculation part and its special treatment for quarkonium physics. With FDC, many works have been completed, most of them are very important in solve/clarify current puzzles in quarkonium physics.

Gong, Bin; Wan, Lu-Ping; Wang, Jian-Xiong; Zhang, Hong-Fei

2014-06-01

356

Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an approach for the automatic generation and optimization of numericalsoftware for processors with deep memory hierarchies and pipelined functional units.The production of such software for machines ranging from desktop workstations to embeddedprocessors can be a tedious and time consuming process. The work described here canhelp in automating much of this process. We will concentrate our efforts on

R. Clint Whaley

1997-01-01

357

Automatically tuned linear algebra software  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an approach for the automatic generation and optimization of numerical software for processors with deep memory hierarchies and pipelined functional units. The production of such software for machines ranging from desktop workstations to embedded processors can be a tedious and time consuming process. The work described here can help in automating much of this process. We will

R. Clint Whaley; Jack J. Dongarra

1998-01-01

358

On some automatic continuity theorems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We give characterizations of unital uniform topological algebras and\\u000asaturated locally multiplicatively convex algebras by means of\\u000amultiplicative linear functionals. Some automatic continuity theorems in\\u000aadvertibly complete uniform topological algebras are extended to a larger\\u000aclass of algebras. Consequences and applications are given.

M. El. Azhari

2003-01-01

359

Autopilot: automatic data center management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microsoft is rapidly increasing the number of large-scale web services that it operates. Services such as Windows Live Search and Windows Live Mail operate from data centers that contain tens or hundreds of thousands of computers, and it is essential that these data centers function reliably with minimal human intervention. This paper describes the first version of Autopilot, the automatic

Michael Isard

2007-01-01

360

Automatization research on form processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an integrated set of solution blue print on computer aided automatic form processing. By using the linear whole block moving method in each vertical segment, a new fast algorithm is put forth to detect and rectify the slanting image. To distinguish the different form types, which is the foundation of steps of locating the form fields, filtering

Delie Ming; Yulong Tian; Jianguo Liu; Jinwen Tian

2001-01-01

361

Automatic aircraft recognition and identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft recognition remains a challenging problem despite a great deal of effort to automate the recognition process. The majority of the aircraft recognition methods assume the successful isolation of the aircraft silhouette from the background, and only a few have actually addressed real world concerns, such as occlusion, clutter and shadows. This thesis presents an automatic aircraft recognition system, which

Jijoong Kim

2005-01-01

362

Automatic recognition of film genres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Film genres in digital video can be detected automatically. In a three-step approach we analyze first the syntactic properties of digital films: color statistics, cut detection, camera motion, object motion and audio. In a second step we use these statistics to derive at a more abstract level film style attributes such as camera panning and zooming, speech and music. These

Stephan Fischer; Rainer Lienhart; Wolfgang Effelsberg

1995-01-01

363

The Virgo automatic alignment system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The automatic alignment system of the Virgo interferometer differs substantially from those used in similar experiments, since it uses a variant of the Anderson technique. This implies a completely different control topology with respect to other detectors, and the main feature is a strong coupling of different degrees of freedom in the optical signals. It also provides two extra output

F. Acernese; P. Amico; M. Al-Shourbagy; S. Aoudia; S. Avino; D. Babusci; G. Ballardin; R. Barillé; F. Barone; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; F. Beauville; M. A. Bizouard; C. Boccara; F. Bondu; L. Bosi; C. Bradaschia; S. Braccini; A. Brillet; V. Brisson; L. Brocco; D. Buskulic; E. Calloni; E. Campagna; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; E. Chassande-Mottin; C. Corda; A.-C. Clapson; F. Cleva; J.-P. Coulon; E. Cuoco; V. Dattilo; M. Davier; R. De Rosa; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Virgilio; B. Dujardin; A. Eleuteri; D. Enard; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; I. Fiori; R. Flaminio; J.-D. Fournier; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; A. Freise; L. Gammaitoni; A. Gennai; A. Giazotto; G. Giordano; L. Giordano; R. Gouaty; D. Grosjean; G. Guidi; S. Hebri; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; L. Holloway; S. Kreckelbergh; P. La Penna; V. Loriette; M. Loupias; G. Losurdo; J.-M. Mackowski; E. Majorana; C. N. Man; M. Mantovani; F. Marchesoni; F. Marion; J. Marque; F. Martelli; A. Masserot; M. Mazzoni; L. Milano; C. Moins; J. Moreau; N. Morgado; B. Mours; A. Pai; C. Palomba; F. Paoletti; S. Pardi; A. Pasqualetti; R. Passaquieti; D. Passuello; B. Perniola; F. Piergiovanni; L. Pinard; R. Poggiani; M. Punturo; P. Puppo; K. Qipiani; P. Rapagnani; V. Reita; A. Remillieux; F. Ricci; I. Ricciardi; P. Ruggi; G. Russo; S. Solimeno; A. Spallicci; R. Stanga; R. Taddei; D. Tombolato; M. Tonelli; A. Toncelli; E. Tournefier; F. Travasso; G. Vajente; D. Verkindt; F. Vetrano; A. Viceré; J.-Y. Vinet; H. Vocca; M. Yvert; Z. Zhang

2006-01-01

364

Automatic extraction of face contours  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accuracy of the human face contour can help evaluate the facial orientation to retrieve facial features to identifying or verifying a human facial expression. Automatic extraction human face contour algorithm with high accuracy is necessary. In this paper, a novel flowchart of the face contour extraction algorithm was proposed for improving accuracy of face contours. Poisson Gradient Vector Flow (PGVF)

Chih-Yu Hsu; Hao-Feng Wang; Hui-Ching Wang; Kuo-Kun Tseng; Yih-Jing Tang

2010-01-01

365

Automatic Error Analysis Using Intervals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A technique for automatic error analysis using interval mathematics is introduced. A comparison to standard error propagation methods shows that in cases involving complicated formulas, the interval approach gives comparable error estimates with much less effort. Several examples are considered, and numerical errors are computed using the INTLAB…

Rothwell, E. J.; Cloud, M. J.

2012-01-01

366

The Automatic Galaxy Collision Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key to understanding the physical processes that occur during galaxy interactions is dynamical modeling, and especially the detailed matching of numerical models to specific systems. To make modeling interacting galaxies more efficient, we have constructed the `Automatic Galaxy Collision' (AGC) code, which requires less human intervention in finding good matches to data. We present some preliminary results from this

B. J. Smith; D. C. Carver; P. Pfeiffer; S. Perkins; J. Barkanic; S. Fritts; D. Southerland; D. Manchikalapudi; M. Baker; J. Luckey; C. Franklin; A. Moffett; C. Struck

2010-01-01

367

Automatic Gore Panel Mapping System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Automatic Gore Mapping System is being developed to reduce the time and labor costs associated with manufacturing the External Tank. The present chem-milling processes and procedures are discussed. The down loading of the simulation of the system has ...

J. D. Shiver N. N. Phelps

1990-01-01

368

21 CFR 211.68 - Automatic, mechanical, and electronic equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Automatic, mechanical, and electronic equipment...211.68 Automatic, mechanical, and electronic equipment. (a) Automatic, mechanical, or electronic...Written records of those calibration checks and...

2009-04-01

369

In What Ways Are Adolescents Who Engage in Self-Harm or Experience Thoughts of Self-Harm Different in Terms of Help-Seeking, Communication and Coping Strategies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether adolescents who deliberately harmed themselves or had thoughts of self-harm differed from other adolescents in terms of help-seeking, communication and coping strategies. The participants were 6020 15-16 year-old school pupils who were surveyed using an anonymous self-report questionnaire.…

Evans, E.; Hawton, K.; Rodham, K.

2005-01-01

370

Integrative change model in psychotherapy: Perspectives from Indian thought  

PubMed Central

Different psychotherapeutic approaches claim positive changes in patients as a result of therapy. Explanations related to the change process led to different change models. Some of the change models are experimentally oriented whereas some are theoretical. Apart from the core models of behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive and spiritually oriented models there are specific models, within psychotherapy that explains the change process. Integrative theory of a person as depicted in Indian thought provides a common ground for the integration of various therapies. Integrative model of change based on Indian thought, with specific reference to psychological concepts in Upanishads, Ayurveda, Bhagavad Gita and Yoga are presented. Appropriate psychological tools may be developed in order to help the clinicians to choose the techniques that match the problem and the origin of the dimension. Explorations have to be conducted to develop more techniques that are culturally appropriate and clinically useful. Research has to be initiated to validate the identified concepts.

Manickam, L. S. S

2013-01-01

371

Parent-Adolescent Agreement Concerning Adolescents' Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

PubMed Central

Information on history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is critical in risk assessment, and multi-informant assessment has been recommended. Despite this, relatively little is known about parent-adolescent agreement regarding adolescent suicidality. To examine the extent and predictors of such agreement, 448 psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and their parents were administered structured interviews assessing suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts and completed measures of youth internalizing and externalizing behaviors, perceived family social support, and parental distress and psychopathology. Adolescents reported significantly more suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts than parents. Parental history of depression and adolescent perceived family support were associated with significantly greater agreement about suicidality. History of multiple suicide attempts was associated with greater disagreement about suicidality.

Klaus, Nicole M.; Mobilio, Andrea; King, Cheryl A.

2009-01-01

372

The boundaries of language and thought in deductive inference  

PubMed Central

Is human thought fully embedded in language, or do some forms of thought operate independently? To directly address this issue, we focus on inference-making, a central feature of human cognition. In a 3T fMRI study we compare logical inferences relying on sentential connectives (e.g., not, or, if … then) to linguistic inferences based on syntactic transformation of sentences involving ditransitive verbs (e.g., give, say, take). When contrasted with matched grammaticality judgments, logic inference alone recruited “core” regions of deduction [Brodmann area (BA) 10p and 8m], whereas linguistic inference alone recruited perisylvian regions of linguistic competence, among others (BA 21, 22, 37, 39, 44, and 45 and caudate). In addition, the two inferences commonly recruited a set of general “support” areas in frontoparietal cortex (BA 6, 7, 8, 40, and 47). The results indicate that logical inference is not embedded in natural language and confirm the relative modularity of linguistic processes.

Monti, Martin M.; Parsons, Lawrence M.; Osherson, Daniel N.

2009-01-01

373

Two types of impairments in OCD: obsessions, as problems of thought suppression; compulsions, as behavioral-executive impairment.  

PubMed

Impairments in executive functioning have been identified as an underlying cause of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Obsessive patients attempt to suppress certain unwanted thoughts through a mechanism that Wegner referred to as 'chronic thought suppression', whereas compulsive patients are unable to inhibit their rituals. We tested 51 OCD patients using the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) and the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX). Executive functions were tested using a cognitive test battery. We found that the total WBSI score was correlated with the Y-BOCS obsessive score but not with the Y-BOCS compulsive score. A stronger correlation was observed between the Y-BOCS obsessive score and the 'unwanted intrusive thoughts' factor based on Blumberg's 3-factor model of the WBSI. The total WBSI score was not correlated with the cognitive test results. The DEX score was significantly correlated with the Y-BOCS compulsive score; however, no correlation was found between the DEX score and the Y-BOCS obsessive score. A stronger correlation was observed between the Y-BOCS compulsive score and the 'inhibition' component of the DEX score, as defined by Burgess's 5-factor model. The DEX scores were correlated with cognitive test results measuring attention, cognitive flexibility and inhibitory processes. We conclude that obsessions indicate a failure of cognitive inhibition but do not involve significant impairment of executive functions, whereas compulsions indicate ineffective behavior inhibition and impaired executive functions. PMID:24418048

Harsányi, András; Csigó, Katalin; Rajkai, Csaba; Demeter, Gyula; Németh, Attila; Racsmány, Mihály

2014-03-30

374

Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thought.  

PubMed

Despite evidence pointing to a ubiquitous tendency of human minds to wander, little is known about the neural operations that support this core component of human cognition. Using both thought sampling and brain imaging, the current investigation demonstrated that mind-wandering is associated with activity in a default network of cortical regions that are active when the brain is "at rest." In addition, individuals' reports of the tendency of their minds to wander were correlated with activity in this network. PMID:17234951

Mason, Malia F; Norton, Michael I; Van Horn, John D; Wegner, Daniel M; Grafton, Scott T; Macrae, C Neil

2007-01-19

375

Risky Music Listening, Permanent Tinnitus and Depression, Anxiety, Thoughts about Suicide and Adverse General Health  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the extent to which exposure to music through earphones or headphones with MP3 players or at discotheques and pop/rock concerts exceeded current occupational safety standards for noise exposure, to examine the extent to which temporary and permanent hearing-related symptoms were reported, and to examine whether the experience of permanent symptoms was associated with adverse perceived general and mental health, symptoms of depression, and thoughts about suicide. Methods A total of 943 students in Dutch inner-city senior-secondary vocational schools completed questionnaires about their sociodemographics, music listening behaviors and health. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations. Results About 60% exceeded safety standards for occupational noise exposure; about one third as a result of listening to MP3 players. About 10% of the participants experienced permanent hearing-related symptoms. Temporary hearing symptoms that occurred after using an MP3 player or going to a discotheque or pop/rock concert were associated with exposure to high-volume music. However, compared to participants not experiencing permanent hearing-related symptoms, those experiencing permanent symptoms were less often exposed to high volume music. Furthermore, they reported at least two times more often symptoms of depression, thoughts about suicide and adverse self-assessed general and mental health. Conclusions Risky music-listening behaviors continue up to at least the age of 25 years. Permanent hearing-related symptoms are associated with people’s health and wellbeing. Participants experiencing such symptoms appeared to have changed their behavior to be less risky. In order to induce behavior change before permanent and irreversible hearing-related symptoms occur, preventive measurements concerning hearing health are needed.

Vogel, Ineke; van de Looij-Jansen, Petra M.; Mieloo, Cathelijne L.; Burdorf, Alex; de Waart, Frouwkje

2014-01-01

376

From Earth to Heaven: Using `Newton's Cannon' Thought Experiment for Teaching Satellite Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thought Experiments are powerful tools in both scientific thinking and in the teaching of science. In this study, the historical Thought Experiment (TE) `Newton's Cannon' was used as a tool to teach concepts relating to the motion of satellites to students at upper secondary level. The research instruments were: (a) a teaching-interview designed and implemented according to the Teaching Experiment methodology and (b) an open-ended questionnaire administered to students 2 weeks after the teaching-interview. The sample consisted of forty students divided into eleven groups. The teaching and learning processes which occurred during the teaching-interview were recorded and analyzed. The findings of the present study show that the use of the TE helped students to mentally construct a physical system which has nothing to do with their everyday experience (i.e. they had to imagine themselves as observers in a context in which the whole Earth was visible) and to draw conclusions about phenomena within this system. Specifically, students managed (1) to conclude that if an object is appropriately launched, it may be placed in an orbit around the Earth and to support this conclusion by giving necessary arguments, and (2) to realize that the same laws of physics describe, on the one hand, the motion of the Moon around the Earth (and the motion of other celestial bodies as well) and, on the other hand, the motion of `terrestrial' objects (i.e. objects on the Earth, such as a tennis ball). The main difficulties students met were caused by their idea that there is no gravity in the vacuum (i.e. the area outside of the Earth's atmosphere) and also by their everyday experience, according to which it is impossible for a projectile to move continuously parallel to the ground.

Velentzas, Athanasios; Halkia, Krystallia

2013-10-01

377

Dermatophytosis in zoo macropods: a questionnaire study.  

PubMed

Limited published data are available on dermatophytosis in zoo macropods, despite anecdotal reports of disease occurrence and recurrent mob outbreaks. The aim of this questionnaire study was to analyze data from Australian and international zoos to evaluate estimated disease prevalence in zoos housing macropods, affected macropod species, causative organisms, predisposing factors, clinical presentations, diagnostics, treatments, and disease risk management. Two questionnaires (initial detailed and subsequent brief) were distributed via email to zoo veterinarians, with an estimated response rate of 23%. The overall estimated disease prevalence from responding zoos was 28%, with 73% of responding Australian zoos and 14% of responding non-Australian zoos reporting disease. The first cases of confirmed and suspected dermatophytosis in several macropod species and in association with Trichophyton verrucosum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. nodulare are reported, with young red kangaroos (Macropus rufus) appearing predisposed. Diagnosis was most commonly based on fungal culture or presumptively on typical clinical signs of minimally/nonpruritic alopecia, crusting, and scaling distributed most frequently on the tail, pinnae, and hind limbs. Both disease resolution without treatment and resolution after an average of 1 to 2 mo of treatment were reported. PMID:24063082

Boulton, Katie Alyce; Vogelnest, Linda Jean; Vogelnest, Larry

2013-09-01

378

Auxiliary circuit enables automatic monitoring of EKG'S  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Auxiliary circuits allow direct, automatic monitoring of electrocardiograms by digital computers. One noiseless square-wave output signal for each trigger pulse from an electrocardiogram preamplifier is produced. The circuit also permits automatic processing of cardiovascular data from analog tapes.

1965-01-01

379

Machine Intelligence Technology for Automatic Target Recognition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Automatic target recognition (ATR)-the use of computer processing to detect and identify targets (such as tanks, howitzers, and armored personnel carriers) automatically-is becoming critically important in several military applications. ATR systems can re...

J. G. Verly R. L. Delanoy D. E. Dudgeon

1989-01-01

380

Multi Sensor Information Integration and Automatic Understanding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program addresses Automatic Image Understanding and Automatic Integration of Disparate Sources of Information. The techniques are particularly focused on asymmetric warfare, urban warfare, guerrilla warfare, and port/base security, for which automati...

2006-01-01

381

Automatic Construction of Special Purpose Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

According to the usual formulation of the automatic programming task, one starts with a specification of a programming problem, and seeks to automatically construct a program satisfying that specification. This paper concerns a different style of automati...

C. Goad

1982-01-01

382

A Technique for Evaluating Automatic Term Clustering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reexamines the feasibility of automatic thesaurus generation by establishing a framework for analyzing the degree of correspondence between automatically generated thesauri and a thesaurus of the same terms constructed by subject specialists. (Author/FM)

Dillon, Martin; Caplan, P.

1980-01-01

383

Disorders of the cerebellum: ataxia, dysmetria of thought, and the cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome.  

PubMed

Many diseases involve the cerebellum and produce ataxia, which is characterized by incoordination of balance, gait, extremity and eye movements, and dysarthria. Cerebellar lesions do not always manifest with ataxic motor syndromes, however. The cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome (CCAS) includes impairments in executive, visual-spatial, and linguistic abilities, with affective disturbance ranging from emotional blunting and depression, to disinhibition and psychotic features. The cognitive and psychiatric components of the CCAS, together with the ataxic motor disability of cerebellar disorders, are conceptualized within the dysmetria of thought hypothesis. This concept holds that a universal cerebellar transform facilitates automatic modulation of behavior around a homeostatic baseline, and the behavior being modulated is determined by the specificity of anatomic subcircuits, or loops, within the cerebrocerebellar system. Damage to the cerebellar component of the distributed neural circuit subserving sensorimotor, cognitive, and emotional processing disrupts the universal cerebellar transform, leading to the universal cerebellar impairment affecting the lesioned domain. The universal cerebellar impairment manifests as ataxia when the sensorimotor cerebellum is involved and as the CCAS when pathology is in the lateral hemisphere of the posterior cerebellum (involved in cognitive processing) or in the vermis (limbic cerebellum). Cognitive and emotional disorders may accompany cerebellar diseases or be their principal clinical presentation, and this has significance for the diagnosis and management of patients with cerebellar dysfunction. PMID:15377747

Schmahmann, Jeremy D

2004-01-01

384

The Influence of Death Exposure on Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the relationship between exposure to both suicidal and non-suicidal deaths and current suicidal ideation and suicide attempt history among urban college students. Three hundred and ninety-six (n = 396) undergraduate students attending an urban university completed a series of questionnaires assessing their exposure to death (including suicide), suicide attempt history, and current level of suicidal ideation. Exposure to

Gianni Pirelli; Elizabeth L. Jeglic

2009-01-01

385

A Psycholinguistic Perspective on Bilinguals' Discrepant Questionnaire Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the differences in responses of 94 bilingual South African college students to questionnaires in both English and Afrikaans. Concludes that the use of translated questionnaires need not lead to biased results. (FMW)

Tyson, G. A.; And Others

1988-01-01

386

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Descriptive Questionnaire data set provides demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 1225 Descriptive Questionnaires for 1225 households. The database contains only a portion of ...

387

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--TECHNICIAN WALKTHROUGH QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Technician Walk-through Questionnaire data set updates information about each household from the Descriptive Questionnaire and includes relevant information regarding dwelling arrangements, as well as interior and exterior residential characteristics. The information is from...

388

NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Descriptive Questionnaire data set contains demographic information about each of the households and indicates the primary respondent within each residence. The information is from 380 descriptive questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The data set contains only ...

389

Patient health questionnaire. Using a patient-focused assessment tool.  

PubMed Central

A patient health questionnaire was developed for use in family practice to help identify lifestyle risk factors, assess health care needs, and better understand patients. This article discusses the questionnaire's development and practical application. Images Figure 3

Mitchell, J. D.

1996-01-01

390

A 15 Year Perspective on Automatic Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic programming consists not only of an automatic compiler, but also some means of acquiring the high-level specification to be compiled, some means of determining that it is the intended specification, and some (interactive) means of translating this high-level specification into a lower-level one which can be automatically compiled.

Robert Balzer

1985-01-01

391

Automatic perimetry in glaucoma visual field screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic computerized perimetry was compared to careful manual selective perimetry (a variant of that proposed by Armaly) in 181 eyes of 100 patients from a glaucoma open-care unit. The results of the two methods were very similar. Thus all defects found were identified by the automatic perimeter, and one pathologic field was missed by the manual selective perimetry. The automatic

Anders Heijl

1976-01-01

392

Concept similarity analysis in Ontology's automatic extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ontology's automatic extraction is a core problem of information integration in electronic government affair. In the process of ontology's automatic extraction, FCA method is used in analyzing relationships between concepts automatically. But this method's ability is insufficient in the analysis of the synonym relationship. This paper optimizes the FCA method and brings forward a new algorithm - SFCA. SFCA sets

Li Peng

2009-01-01

393

Prediction of Action and Thought-Oriented Response: Behavioral Style or Situational Demand?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Male college students (N = 72) were administered an occupations\\/activities preference scale as a measure of action- and thought-oriented behavior styles, and responded to seven TAT cards varying in degrees of “stimulus pull” for action and thought modes of expression. Verbs in TAT stories were assigned to action and thought categories. Mean percentages of action and thought verbs were significantly

J. Thomas Grisso

1973-01-01

394

Young and restless: validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) reveals disruptive impact of mind-wandering for youth  

PubMed Central

Mind-wandering is the focus of extensive investigation, yet until recently there has been no validated scale to directly measure trait levels of task-unrelated thought. Scales commonly used to assess mind-wandering lack face validity, measuring related constructs such as daydreaming or behavioral errors. Here we report four studies validating a Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) across college, high school, and middle school samples. The 5-item scale showed high internal consistency, as well as convergent validity with existing measures of mind-wandering and related constructs. Trait levels of mind-wandering, as measured by the MWQ, were correlated with task-unrelated thought measured by thought sampling during a test of reading comprehension. In both middle school and high school samples, mind-wandering during testing was associated with worse reading comprehension. By contrast, elevated trait levels of mind-wandering predicted worse mood, less life-satisfaction, greater stress, and lower self-esteem. By extending the use of thought sampling to measure mind-wandering among adolescents, our findings also validate the use of this methodology with younger populations. Both the MWQ and thought sampling indicate that mind-wandering is a pervasive—and problematic—influence on the performance and well-being of adolescents.

Mrazek, Michael D.; Phillips, Dawa T.; Franklin, Michael S.; Broadway, James M.; Schooler, Jonathan W.

2013-01-01

395

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section... Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in...

2010-01-01

396

78 FR 47749 - Submission of Questionnaire for OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Submission of Questionnaire for OMB Review AGENCY: United States...submitted a request for approval of a questionnaire to the Office of Management and Budget...The information requested by the questionnaire is for use by the Commission in...

2013-08-06

397

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section... Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in...

2009-01-01

398

Validating a satisfaction questionnaire using multiple approaches: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the validity of a questionnaire designed to measure the satisfaction of users of health services, using multiple tests of construct validity. Members of 2 health insurance plans in Geneva (Switzerland) answered a mailed questionnaire in 1992 (n = 1007) and 1993 (n = 1424). Response rates were 82%, participants were 18–44 years old in 1992. The questionnaire included

Jean-François Etter; Thomas V. Perneger

1997-01-01

399

Parent Behavior Importance and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaires: Psychometric Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the psychometric characteristics of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire (PBIQ) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire (PBFQ). Both research questionnaires are based on the parent development theory (PDT) and offer parent as well as non-parent respondents the opportunity to rate 38 parenting…

Mowder, Barbara A.; Sanders, Michelle

2008-01-01

400

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258 315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires.

Phil Edwards; Ian Roberts; Mike Clarke; Carolyn DiGuiseppi; Sarah Pratap; Reinhard Wentz; Irene Kwan

2002-01-01

401

Social Presence Questionnaire of Online Collaborative Learning: Development and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study articulates the construct of social presence and develops a social presence questionnaire for examining online collaborative learning with tests for reliability and validity. Questionnaire items were developed by revising the social presence questionnaire developed by Picciano in 2002 as well as eviewing research in the literature of…

Lin, Guan-Yu

2004-01-01

402

Establishing the Validity and Reliability of Course Evaluation Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the case of designing a new course questionnaire to discuss the issues of validity, reliability and diagnostic power in good questionnaire design. Validity is often not well addressed in course questionnaire design as there are no straightforward tests that can be applied to an individual instrument. The authors propose the…

Kember, David; Leung, Doris Y. P.

2008-01-01

403

NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about each household and its primary respondent. The information is from 380 baseline questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to the primary respondent during a face-t...

404

NHEXAS PHASE I MARYLAND STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Follow-up questionnaire data set contains information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 402 follow-up questionnaires for 80 households across 6 cycles. The Follow-up Questionnaire specifically addressed the time ...

405

Questionnaire Design for Student Measurement of Teaching Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design and use of questionnaires in course and faculty evaluation are discussed and the literature reviewed. Problems of questionnaire construction and interpretation of results are described and a questionnaire developed at the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Waterloo is given as an example. (Author/MSE)

McBean, Edward A.; Al-Nassri, Sabah

1982-01-01

406

Doubly labelled water validation of three physical activity questionnaires.  

PubMed

This study investigated the validity of the Baecke Questionnaire, the Five City Project Questionnaire, and the Tecumseh Community Health Study Questionnaire in 19 Flemish males, using correlation and multiple stepwise regression analyses. The three questionnaires are commonly used physical activity questionnaires in epidemiological studies. The physical activity level (PAL) as measured with the doubly labelled water method was used as the criterion. The Baecke total activity index showed the highest correlation coefficient with PAL (r = 0.69, p < 0.001). Also the sweat index from the Five City Project Questionnaire, and total daily energy expenditure from the Tecumseh Community Health Study Questionnaire showed significant associations with PAL, respectively 0.57 (p < 0.05) and 0.64 (p < 0.01). Multiple stepwise regression analyses supported the findings from the correlation study. The largest individual contribution in PAL was from the activity index (45%) for the Baecke Questionnaire, the sweat index (29%) for the Five City Project Questionnaire, and total daily energy expenditure (38%) for the Tecumseh Community Health Study Questionnaire. In conclusion, the questionnaires, and certainly the Baecke Questionnaire, can provide valid data about physical activity. Therefore they are useful in epidemiological studies. PMID:10452224

Philippaerts, R M; Westerterp, K R; Lefevre, J

1999-07-01

407

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2013-10-01

408

The ARSQ: The Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire.  

PubMed

To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support. PMID:24686955

Freeman, Paul; Coffee, Pete; Moll, Tjerk; Rees, Tim; Sammy, Nadine

2014-04-01

409

Detecting exacerbations using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Early treatment of COPD exacerbations has shown to be important. Despite a non-negligible negative impact on health related quality of life, a large proportion of these episodes is not reported (no change in treatment). Little is known whether (low burden) strategies are able to capture these unreported exacerbations. Methods The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) is a short questionnaire with great evaluative properties in measuring health status. The current explorative study evaluates the discriminative properties of weekly CCQ assessment in detecting exacerbations. Results In a multicentre prospective cohort study, 121 patients, age 67.4 ± 10.5 years, FEV1 47.7 ± 18.5% pred were followed for 6 weeks by daily diary card recording and weekly CCQ assessment. Weeks were retrospectively labeled as stable or exacerbation (onset) weeks using the Anthonisen symptom diary-card algorithm. Change in CCQ total scores are significantly higher in exacerbation-onset weeks, 0.35 ± 0.69 compared to -0.04 ± 0.37 in stable weeks (p < 0.001). Performance of the ? CCQ total score discriminating between stable and exacerbation onset weeks was sufficient (area under the ROC curve 0.75). At a cut off point of 0.2, sensitivity was 62.5 (50.3-73.4), specificity 82.0 (79.3-84.4), and a positive and negative predictive value of 43.5 (35.0-51.0) and 90.8 (87.8-93.5), respectively. Using this cut off point, 22 (out of 38) unreported exacerbations were detected while 39 stable patients would have been false positively 'contacted'. Conclusions Weekly CCQ assessment is a promising, low burden method to detect unreported exacerbations. Further research is needed to validate discriminative performance and practical implications of the CCQ in detecting exacerbations in daily care.

2010-01-01

410

Automatic design of magazine covers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a system for automatic design of magazine covers that quantifies a number of concepts from art and aesthetics. Our solution to automatic design of this type of media has been shaped by input from professional designers, magazine art directors and editorial boards, and journalists. Consequently, a number of principles in design and rules in designing magazine covers are delineated. Several techniques are derived and employed in order to quantify and implement these principles and rules in the format of a software framework. At this stage, our framework divides the task of design into three main modules: layout of magazine cover elements, choice of color for masthead and cover lines, and typography of cover lines. Feedback from professional designers on our designs suggests that our results are congruent with their intuition.

Jahanian, Ali; Liu, Jerry; Tretter, Daniel R.; Lin, Qian; Damera-Venkata, Niranjan; O'Brien-Strain, Eamonn; Lee, Seungyon; Fan, Jian; Allebach, Jan P.

2012-02-01

411

Automatic transmission for electric wheelchairs.  

PubMed

A new infinitely variable automatic transmission called the RESATRAN that automatically changes its speed ratio in response to load torque being transmitted is presented. A prototype has been built and tested on a conventional three-wheeled electric motor propelled wheelchair. It is shown theoretically that more than 50 percent reduction in power during hill climbing may be expected when a transmission-equipped wheelchair is compared to a direct-drive vehicle operating at the same voltage. It is suggested that with such a transmission, wheelchairs can use much smaller motors and associated electronic controls, while at the same time gaining in efficiency that results in longer operating distances for the same battery charge. Design details of the transmission and test results are presented. These results show a substantial reduction in operating current and increased distance of operation over a test course. PMID:3835264

Reswick, J B

1985-07-01

412

Persistent Applications via Automatic Recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building highly available enterprise applications using web-oriented middleware is hard. Runtime implementations frequently do not address the problems of application state persistence and fault-tolerance, placing the burden of managing session state and, in particular, handling system failures on application programmers. This paper describes Phoenix\\/APP, a runtime service based on the notion of recovery guarantees. Phoenix\\/APP transparently masks failures and automatically

Roger S. Barga; David B. Lomet; Stelios Paparizos; Haifeng Yu; Sirish Chandrasekaran

2003-01-01

413

The Berkeley Automatic Imaging Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the design and control systems of the Berkeley Automatic Imaging Telescope (BAIT), an observatory that performs all its tasks with minimal intervention. We concentrate on the system's software, especially that which communicates with astronomers at remote sites and that which schedules targets during the night. BAIT has been in nearly continuous operation since 1992 January; we present an analysis of its performance during its first eight months.

Richmond, Michael; Treffers, Richard R.; Filippenko, Alexei V.

1993-10-01

414

Toward automatic finite element analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two problems must be solved if the finite element method is to become a reliable and affordable blackbox engineering tool. Finite element meshes must be generated automatically from computer aided design databases and mesh analysis must be made self-adaptive. The experimental system described solves both problems in 2-D through spatial and analytical substructuring techniques that are now being extended into 3-D.

Kela, Ajay; Perucchio, Renato; Voelcker, Herbert

1987-01-01

415

Automatic photo pop-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a fully automatic method for creating a 3D model from a single photograph. The model is made up of several texture-mapped planar billboards and has the complexity of a typical children's pop-up book illustration. Our main insight is that instead of attempting to recover precise geometry, we statistically model defined by their orientations in the scene. Our

Derek Hoiem; Alexei A. Efros; Martial Hebert

2005-01-01

416

Collaboration Supported Automatic Examination Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past few years, automatic computer examination systems have been widely used for computer-based tests. But these systems are based on the traditional question-answer examination style which is limited for the collaborative examination. The collaborative examination needs multiple examinees and can be parallel performed. The collaborative examination also should consider the context of the examinee, e.g. the order of

Song Luo; Jianbin Hu; Zhong Chen

2009-01-01

417

Automatic Meaning Discovery Using Google  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a new theory of relative semantics between objects, based on information distance and Kolmogorov,complexity. This theory is then applied to construct a method,to automatically extract the meaning,of words and phrases from the world-wide-web using Google page counts. The approach is novel in its unrestricted problem domain, simplicity of implementation, and manifestly ontological underpinnings. The world-wide-web is the

Rudi Cilibrasi; Paul M. B. Vitányi

2006-01-01

418

Automatic translation among spoken languages  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Machine Aided Voice Translation (MAVT) system was developed in response to the shortage of experienced military field interrogators with both foreign language proficiency and interrogation skills. Combining speech recognition, machine translation, and speech generation technologies, the MAVT accepts an interrogator's spoken English question and translates it into spoken Spanish. The spoken Spanish response of the potential informant can then be translated into spoken English. Potential military and civilian applications for automatic spoken language translation technology are discussed in this paper.

Walter, Sharon M.; Costigan, Kelly

1994-01-01

419

Automatically-Programed Machine Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software produces cutter location files for numerically-controlled machine tools. APT, acronym for Automatically Programed Tools, is among most widely used software systems for computerized machine tools. APT developed for explicit purpose of providing effective software system for programing NC machine tools. APT system includes specification of APT programing language and language processor, which executes APT statements and generates NC machine-tool motions specified by APT statements.

Purves, L.; Clerman, N.

1985-01-01

420

Automatic training of ANFIS networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper an automatic training procedure for adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) networks is presented. The initialization of the net is carried out by the ?-min-max fuzzy clustering procedure, which is a modified version of the original min-max technique by Simpson (1993). Parameter ? affects the number, position and size of resulting clusters. Since different P values yield

A. Rizzi; F. M. Frattale Mascioli; G. Martinelli

1999-01-01

421

The Automatic Galaxy Collision Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key to understanding the physical processes that occur during galaxy\\u000ainteractions is dynamical modeling, and especially the detailed matching of\\u000anumerical models to specific systems. To make modeling interacting galaxies\\u000amore efficient, we have constructed the `Automatic Galaxy Collision' (AGC)\\u000acode, which requires less human intervention in finding good matches to data.\\u000aWe present some preliminary results from this

Beverly J. Smith; Chris Carver; Phillip Pfeiffer; Sam Perkins; Jason Barkanic; Steve Fritts; Derek Southerland; Dinikar Manchikalapudi; Matt Baker; John Luckey; Coral Franklin; Amanda Moffett; Curtis Struck

2009-01-01

422

The hot and cold in Mesoamerican indigenous and hispanicized thought.  

PubMed

While the influence of Hispanic humoral medicine on 16th century and subsequent Mesoamerican indigenous thought is undeniable, recent reexaminations of Aztec, Mayan and Zapotec medicinal and cosmological systems suggest indigenous roots in hot-cold concepts. This paper reviews and compares the growing evidence for independent hot-cold classifications in Mesoamerica, and suggests certain common lines of syncretism in structure, content and applications. Drawing on a model from cognitive psychology previously applied by the author to hot-cold data of the Mitla Zapotec, the paper explores its utility for cross-cultural comparison of hot-cold category development. PMID:3317874

Messer, E

1987-01-01

423

Visual text hallucinations of thoughts in an alexic woman.  

PubMed

In this report we describe a patient with a clinical diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies, who had hallucinations of reading her thoughts in the air although she was alexic and unable to read. She also had severe visuoperceptual deficits and closing-in phenomenon. SPECT imaging demonstrated hypoperfusion of the left parieto-occipital cortices together with hyperperfusion of the left orbitofronto-temporal areas. Her visual text hallucinations may represent another type of textual hallucinations related to syntacto-semantic network hyperactivation, which is implicated in auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia. PMID:24530173

Yamagata, Bun; Kobayashi, Hitomi; Yamamoto, Hideki; Mimura, Masaru

2014-04-15

424

Neuropathology in the Adult Changes in Thought Study: A Review  

PubMed Central

The neuropathology underlying dementia syndromes in older populations is complex. The contributions of Alzheimer’s and Lewy body pathology are well appreciated. Recent studies with brain autopsies have highlighted the high prevalence of vascular disease as an independent, but often co-morbid contributor to dementia. The Adult Changes in Thought Study is a community-based, longitudinal study of brain aging and cognitive decline which has recently confirmed cerebral microinfarcts as a strong correlate of cognitive impairment and dementia. This study examines correlations between clinical characteristics including extensive, longitudinal medication histories, and longitudinal cognitive testing against structural and biochemical features of disease. Keywords: Aging, community-based, microinfarct, longitudinal, neuropathology.

Sonnen, Joshua A.; Larson, Eric B.; Haneuse, Sebastien; Woltjer, Randy; Li, Ge; Crane, Paul K.; Craft, Suzanne; Montine, Thomas J.

2014-01-01

425

Automatic tracking sensor camera system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing a sensor camera system for automatically tracking and determining the positions of subjects moving in three-dimensions. The system is intended to operate even within areas as large as soccer fields. The system measures the 3D coordinates of the object while driving the pan and tilt movements of camera heads, and the degree of zoom of the lenses. Its principal feature is that it automatically zooms in as the object moves farther away and out as the object moves closer. This maintains the area of the object as a fixed position of the image. This feature makes stable detection by the image processing possible. We are planning to use the system to detect the position of a soccer ball during a soccer game. In this paper, we describe the configuration of the developing automatic tracking sensor camera system. We then give an analysis of the movements of the ball within images of games, the results of experiments on method of image processing used to detect the ball, and the results of other experiments to verify the accuracy of an experimental system. These results show that the system is sufficiently accurate in terms of obtaining positions in three-dimensions.

Tsuda, Takao; Kato, Daiichiro; Ishikawa, Akio; Inoue, Seiki

2001-04-01

426

Automatic Contrail Detection and Segmentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic contrail detection is of major importance in the study of the atmospheric effects of aviation. Due to the large volume of satellite imagery, selecting contrail images for study by hand is impractical and highly subject to human error. It is far better to have a system in place that will automatically evaluate an image to determine 1) whether it contains contrails and 2) where the contrails are located. Preliminary studies indicate that it is possible to automatically detect and locate contrails in Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery with a high degree of confidence. Once contrails have been identified and localized in a satellite image, it is useful to segment the image into contrail versus noncontrail pixels. The ability to partition image pixels makes it possible to determine the optical properties of contrails, including optical thickness and particle size. In this paper, we describe a new technique for segmenting satellite images containing contrails. This method has good potential for creating a contrail climatology in an automated fashion. The majority of contrails are detected, rejecting clutter in the image, even cirrus streaks. Long, thin contrails are most easily detected. However, some contrails may be missed because they are curved, diffused over a large area, or present in short segments. Contrails average 2-3 km in width for the cases studied.

Weiss, John M.; Christopher, Sundar A.; Welch, Ronald M.

1998-01-01

427

[Young Physicians' Thoughts about Leaving Patient Care - Results of a Survey in Saxony, Germany].  

PubMed

Background: The fear of a shortage of physicians in some regions of Germany is growing. A drain of physicians into non-clinical activities is being discussed as a possible reason. To counteract this drain the extent of physicians' thinking about leaving patient care and the corresponding reasons need to be elucidated. Methods: All physicians upto 40 years of age and registered with the State Chamber of Physicians of Saxony (n=5?956) received a paper-pencil questionnaire inquiring about socio-demographics, job satisfaction, thinking about leaving patient care, and corresponding reasons. Reponse rate was 40% (n=2?357). Results: Nearly a quarter of the physicians working in patient care thought about leaving pa-tient care. Practicing in a hospital and having children were significantly associated with think-ing about leaving patient care. The main reasons were poor compatibility of profession and family, high burden due to shifts, poor compatibility of profession and private interests, high work load, and frequent overtime hours. Conclusions: Development and implementation of measures preventing especially long-term or permanent leave is crucial. Approaches enabling physicians to reconcile work and family play a special role. PMID:25010860

Pantenburg, B; Luppa, M; König, H- H; Riedel-Heller, S G

2014-07-01

428

Automatic vs hand-controlled walking of paraplegics.  

PubMed

A rule-based control and its application in functional electrical stimulation (FES) assisted walking of subjects with paraplegia are described in this paper. The design of rules for control comprises the following two steps: (1) determination of muscle activation patterns by using a fully customized spatial (3D) model of paraplegic walking, and (2) learning of rules, that is, correlation between the muscle activation patterns and kinematics of walking by means of an artificial neural network. The adopted FES system activated eight muscle groups with surface electrodes. The only joints allowing movement in the coronal plane were the hips, and externally controlled joints in sagittal plane were ankles, knees and hips. The simulation minimized the tracking error of the joint angles and the total activation of all eight muscles being stimulated. A radial-basis function artificial neural network was applied for learning of rules. Three automatically controlled modes (slow, near-normal, and near-ballistic) and hand-controlled walking were evaluated in six subjects with a complete spinal cord lesion (T8-T10). The performance of walking was assessed by the following: (1) energy consumption based on oxygen uptake, (2) physiological cost index, (3) maximum speed of walking, and (4) a questionnaire. The results showed that all modes of walking are achievable and that automatic control leads to more efficient and faster walking. The speed of walking achieved by automatic control was almost three times bigger compared with the speed of hand-controlled walking. The energy cost and rate decreased significantly when automatic control was applied; yet, they were still much bigger than the values measured in able-bodied subjects. The objective outcome measures suggest that the near-ballistic walking was the most effective, yet a questionnaire shows that most subjects preferred slow walking. The most likely reason for the preference of lower efficiency walking over the faster end energy efficient near-ballistic walking was that paraplegic patients had difficulties in synchronizing the voluntary movement of the trunk and arms to the artificially controlled movements of legs. PMID:12485787

Popovi?, Dejan; Radulovi?, Milovan; Schwirtlich, Laszlo; Jaukovi?, Novak

2003-01-01

429

Developing questionnaires for educational research: AMEE Guide No. 87  

PubMed Central

In this AMEE Guide, we consider the design and development of self-administered surveys, commonly called questionnaires. Questionnaires are widely employed in medical education research. Unfortunately, the processes used to develop such questionnaires vary in quality and lack consistent, rigorous standards. Consequently, the quality of the questionnaires used in medical education research is highly variable. To address this problem, this AMEE Guide presents a systematic, seven-step process for designing high-quality questionnaires, with particular emphasis on developing survey scales. These seven steps do not address all aspects of survey design, nor do they represent the only way to develop a high-quality questionnaire. Instead, these steps synthesize multiple survey design techniques and organize them into a cohesive process for questionnaire developers of all levels. Addressing each of these steps systematically will improve the probabilities that survey designers will accurately measure what they intend to measure.

La Rochelle, Jeffrey S.; Dezee, Kent J.; Gehlbach, Hunter

2014-01-01

430

The nursing metaparadigm concept of human being in Islamic thought.  

PubMed

The metaparadigm concept of person as a core emphasis for nursing theorizing has attracted considerable attention in western literature, but has received less attention in the context of eastern philosophical contexts. In this philosophical inquiry, we sought to clarify the concept of what it is to be a human being according to ideas deriving from Islamic tradition, drawing on concept analysis as general approach to advance an understanding of how nursing within an Islamic context might operationalize metaparadigm conceptualization. Specifically, we considered person as human being on the basis of its definition, attributes/characteristics and boundaries to explore the anatomy of the concept in this context. Our analysis revealed that Islamic thought is relevant to two distinct understandings of the holistic concept of human being. Reciprocal interaction worldview organizes the dimensions of being human (cognitive, emotion, social and spiritual) into a whole. Simultaneous action worldview emphasizes that the human is a coherent and unified creature in harmony with the universe. In Islamic thought, these two worldviews are integrated and operate concurrently. Nurse-patient interactions arising from an integrated perspective that aligns both of these worldviews will allow for informed applications of knowledge to practice and enhanced patient care. PMID:23786534

Alimohammadi, Nasrollah; Taleghani, Fariba; Mohammadi, Esa; Akbarian, Reza

2014-06-01

431

Thought Leaders during Crises in Massive Social Networks  

SciTech Connect

The vast amount of social media data that can be gathered from the internet coupled with workflows that utilize both commodity systems and massively parallel supercomputers, such as the Cray XMT, open new vistas for research to support health, defense, and national security. Computer technology now enables the analysis of graph structures containing more than 4 billion vertices joined by 34 billion edges along with metrics and massively parallel algorithms that exhibit near-linear scalability according to number of processors. The challenge lies in making this massive data and analysis comprehensible to an analyst and end-users that require actionable knowledge to carry out their duties. Simply stated, we have developed language and content agnostic techniques to reduce large graphs built from vast media corpora into forms people can understand. Specifically, our tools and metrics act as a survey tool to identify thought leaders' -- those members that lead or reflect the thoughts and opinions of an online community, independent of the source language.

Corley, Courtney D.; Farber, Robert M.; Reynolds, William

2012-05-24

432

How self-generated thought shapes mood--the relation between mind-wandering and mood depends on the socio-temporal content of thoughts.  

PubMed

Recent work has highlighted that the generation of thoughts unrelated to the current environment may be both a cause and a consequence of unhappiness. The current study used lag analysis to examine whether the relationship between self-generated thought and negative affect depends on the content of the thoughts themselves. We found that the emotional content could strongly predict subsequent mood (e.g. negative thoughts were associated with subsequent negative mood). However, this direct relationship was modulated by the socio-temporal content of the thoughts: thoughts that were past- and other-related were associated with subsequent negative mood, even if current thought content was positive. By contrast, future- and self-related thoughts preceded improvements of mood, even when current thought content was negative. These results highlight the important link between self-generated thought and mood and suggest that the socio-temporal content plays an important role in determining whether an individual's future affective state will be happy or sad. PMID:24194889

Ruby, Florence J M; Smallwood, Jonathan; Engen, Haakon; Singer, Tania

2013-01-01

433

Distress and recurrence of intrusive thoughts in younger and older adults.  

PubMed

The current study incorporated a life span perspective into existing theories of intrusive thoughts to examine age-related differences in the difficulty controlling intrusive thoughts, the distress following intrusive thought recurrences, and the meanings assigned to these recurrences. Younger (N = 51) and older (N = 49) community adults were randomly assigned to suppress (i.e., keep out of mind) or monitor an intrusive thought. Participants rated their positive and negative affect throughout engagement with the intrusive thought, and they also rated the meanings they gave to recurrences of their everyday intrusive thoughts. The results demonstrated that older adults tended to perceive greater difficulty with controlling the intrusive thought than younger adults despite the fact that they did not differ in the actual recurrence of the intrusive thought. With regard to distress, older adults experienced steadier levels of positive affect than younger adults throughout engagement with the intrusive thought. However, older adults also reported greater residual negative affect after engaging with the intrusive thought than younger adults. Finally, older and younger adults appeared to assign meanings to recurrences of intrusive thoughts in line with age-relevant concerns. Specifically, older adults were prone to interpret the recurrence of intrusive thoughts as a sign of cognitive decline, but they were less likely than younger adults to see intrusive thoughts as a sign of moral failure. Together, these results highlight a range of potential risk and protective factors in older adults for experiencing emotion dysregulation after intrusive thoughts. PMID:21707184

Magee, Joshua C; Teachman, Bethany A

2012-03-01

434

The Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ)  

PubMed Central

Objectives The Manchester–Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) is a validated 16-item, patient-reported outcome measure for evaluating outcomes of foot or ankle surgery. The original development of the instrument identified three domains. This present study examined whether the three domains could legitimately be summed to provide a single summary index score. Methods The MOXFQ and Short-Form (SF)-36 were administered to 671 patients before surgery of the foot or ankle. Data from the three domains of the MOXFQ (pain, walking/standing and social interaction) were subjected to higher order factor analysis. Reliability and validity of the summary index score was assessed. Results The mean age of the participants was 52.8 years (sd 15.68; 18 to 89). Higher order principle components factor analysis produced one factor, accounting for 74.7% of the variance. The newly derived single index score was found to be internally reliable (? = 0.93) and valid, achieving at least moderate correlations (r ? 0.5, p < 0.001) with related (pain/function) domains of the SF-36. Conclusions Analyses indicated that data from the MOXFQ can be presented in summary form. The MOXFQ summary index score (MOXFQ-Index) provides an overall indication of the outcomes of foot and ankle surgery. Furthermore, the single index reduces the number of statistical comparisons, and hence the role of chance, when exploring MOXFQ data.

Morley, D.; Jenkinson, C.; Doll, H.; Lavis, G.; Sharp, R.; Cooke, P.; Dawson, J.

2013-01-01

435

Stress Questionnaires and Stress Biomarkers during Pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective Both self-reported indicators of stress and hormones such as cortisol and corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) have been examined in relation to preterm birth. Although these hormones have been interpreted as biomarkers of stress, it is unclear whether psychosocial measures are empirically associated with biomarkers of stress in pregnant women. Methods We analyzed data from 1,587 North Carolina pregnant women enrolled in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition study during 2000–2004 who provided at least one saliva sample for cortisol measurement or blood samples for CRH at 14–19 and 24–29 weeks' gestation. Cortisol measures were limited to those taken between 8 and 10 a.m. Perceived stress, state-trait anxiety, coping style, life events, social support, and pregnancy-specific anxiety were measured by questionnaires and interviews. Spearman correlations and multiple regressions were used to describe the relationship among the measures of stress. Results No correlations larger than r?=?0.15 were seen between reported psychosocial measures and cortisol or CRH. Women with demographic characteristics associated with poor pregnancy outcomes (unmarried, African-American, young, low pre-pregnancy body mass index) reported higher levels of stress but did not consistently have higher levels of stress hormones. Pre-eclampsia was associated with higher CRH, but not with higher cortisol. Conclusions The relationship between measurements of reported stress and biomarkers is not straightforward in large epidemiological studies of pregnancy. For online Supplementary Material, see www.liebertonline.com.

Savitz, David A.; Dole, Nancy; Herring, Amy H.; Thorp, John M.

2009-01-01

436

Responsiveness of the individual work performance questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Individual work performance is an important outcome measure in studies in the workplace. Nevertheless, its conceptualization and measurement has proven challenging. To overcome limitations of existing scales, the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) was recently developed. The aim of the current study was to gain insight into the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Methods Data were used from the Be Active & Relax randomized controlled trial. The aim of the trial was to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention to stimulate physical activity and relaxation of office workers, on need for recovery. Individual work performance was a secondary outcome measure of the trial. In total, 39 hypotheses were formulated concerning correlations between changes on the IWPQ scales and changes on similar constructs (e.g., presenteeism) and distinct constructs (e.g., need for recovery) used in the trial. Results 260 Participants completed the IWPQ at both baseline and 12 months of follow-up. For the IWPQ scales, 23%, 15%, and 38%, respectively, of the hypotheses could be confirmed. In general, the correlations between change scores were weaker than expected. Nevertheless, at least 85% of the correlations were in the expected direction. Conclusions Based on results of the current study, no firm conclusions can be drawn about the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Several reasons may account for the weaker than expected correlations. Future research on the IWPQ’s responsiveness should be conducted, preferably in other populations and intervention studies, where greater changes over time can be expected.

2014-01-01

437

Pregnancy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Questionnaire Study  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) preferentially affects females at childbearing age. For this reason patients and treating physicians were frequently confronted with questions concerning family planning, pregnancy and birth. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the expertise about pregnancy related topics in multiple sclerosis of neurologists in private practice. Methods We developed a survey with 16 multiple choice questions about pregnancy related topics and sent it to neurologists in private practice in Berlin, Germany. Results 56 completed questionnaires were sent back. 54% of all questions were answered correctly, 21% of the questions were answered with “I don’t know”. Correct answers were more often given by physicians who treat more than 400 MS patients per year (p?=?0.001). Further positive associations were found for assumed relevance of the topic (p?=?0.002) and the degree of counseling (p<0.001). Conclusion To provide a comprehensive counseling, MS patients with desire for children should be counseled by physicians with a lot of experience in MS treatment.

Borisow, Nadja; Paul, Friedemann; Ohlraun, Stephanie; Pach, Daniel; Fischer, Felix; Dorr, Jan

2014-01-01

438

Comparison of a video questionnaire with the IUATLD written questionnaire for measuring asthma prevalence.  

PubMed

A video questionnaire (VQ) for measuring asthma prevalence in adolescents was assessed for repeatability and validity in relation to bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) (PD20 less than or equal to 7.8 mumol methacholine). Comparison was also made with a standard, self completed written questionnaire (SQ), based on the IUATLD Bronchial Symptoms Questionnaire, which included five questions seeking comparable data to those in the VQ. Both the VQ and SQ were administered to 707 schoolchildren (13-16 years), in whom English was the primary language. One hundred and six randomly selected children subsequently underwent bronchial challenge to methacholine. Both the sensitivity and specificity for BHR were higher for a combination of three or more positive responses to the VQ (0.73 and 0.88), than to the SQ (0.63 and 0.82), although these differences were not statistically significant (P = 0.24). When administered again after a two week interval, the VQ had a significantly higher (P = 0.03) coefficient of repeatability (0.79) than the SQ (0.50). We conclude that the VQ is a valid and reliable method of determining asthma prevalence, and propose that by providing data relatively free from biases due to language, culture, literacy or interviewing techniques it may be particularly useful when comparing asthma prevalence and severity in different populations. PMID:1628254

Shaw, R A; Crane, J; Pearce, N; Burgess, C D; Bremner, P; Woodman, K; Beasley, R

1992-05-01

439

Spectral analysis methods for automatic speech recognition applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this thesis, we evaluate the front-end of Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems, with respect to different types of spectral processing methods that are extensively used. A filter bank approach for front end spectral analysis is one of the common methods used for spectral analysis. In this work we describe and evaluate spectral analysis based on Mel and Gammatone filter banks. These filtering methods are derived from auditory models and are thought to have some advantages for automatic speech recognition work. Experimentally, however, we show that direct use of FFT spectral values is just as effective as using either Mel or Gammatone filter banks, provided that the features extracted from the FFT spectral values take into account a Mel or Mel-like frequency scale. It is also shown that trajectory features based on sliding block of spectral features, computed using either FFT or filter bank spectral analysis are considerably more effective, in terms of ASR accuracy, than are delta and delta-delta terms often used for ASR. Although there is no major performance disadvantage to using a filter bank, simplicity of analysis is a reason to eliminate this step in speech processing. These assertions hold for both clean and noisy speech.

Parinam, Venkata Neelima Devi

440

Translation into Portuguese of questionnaires to assess knee injuries  

PubMed Central

The aim of this systematic review was to review the quality of the translation and the measurement properties from questionnaires that assess injuries of the knee. We included questionnaires that were developed in foreign language and have been translated and validated into Portuguese. The databases used were CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, PUBMED and SCIELO and the final search resulted in a total of 868 studies included, from which 16 were eligible. Most included questionnaires presented all steps expected in a translation process; however there were some deficiencies in measurement properties among the questionnaires. The VISA-P Brazil was the best questionnaire when analyzing translation process and measurement properties tested. It was the only questionnaire that tested all measurement properties investigated and presented adequate values for all of them. KOS-ADLS was the best questionnaire translated to Portuguese from Portugal. Among all, the VISA-P Brazil is the best questionnaire to be used with Brazilian Portuguese speakers when the condition is related to patellar tendinopathy and the LEFS is the best questionnaire for other general conditions of the knee. For Portuguese from Portugal, the best questionnaire is the KOS-ADLS, and like the LEFS it does not target any specific injury.

Nunes, Guilherme; de Castro, Lisaura Veiga; Wageck, Bruna; Kume, Vanessa; Chiesa, Gabriela Sulzbach; de Noronha, Marcos

2013-01-01

441

Sparsity inspired automatic target recognition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we develop a framework for using only the needed data for automatic target recognition (ATR) algorithms using the recently developed theory of sparse representations and compressive sensing (CS). We show how sparsity can be helpful for efficient utilization of data, with the possibility of developing real-time, robust target classification. We verify the efficacy of the proposed algorithm in terms of the recognition rate on the well known Comanche forward-looking infrared (FLIR) data set consisting of ten different military targets at different orientations.

Patel, Vishal M.; Nasrabadi, Nasser M.; Chellappa, Rama

2010-04-01

442

New Thoughts About Newberry Volcano, Central Oregon USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New geologic mapping, geochemistry, argon dating, and paleomagnetic data suggest some significant new ideas about the history and evolution of Newberry Volcano. Previous mapping (MacLeod et al., 1995) made use of K-Ar dating done in the 1970's. A new 40Ar/39Ar age of 83±5 ka for the rhyolite of Paulina Peak, a thick lava flow cut by the southern caldera-bounding fault and previously thought to be hundreds of thousands of years old, indicates that the caldera formed since ˜83 ka. The ash-flow tuff (Qat) that forms the western rim of the caldera contains rhyodacitic pumices with unusually high Na2O (6.1 wt.%), identical in composition to a subset of pumices found in the underlying and more widespread basaltic lapilli tuff (Qbt), suggesting that these two ash-flow tuffs represent parts of the same eruptive event. Their paleomagnetic directions are very similar. Lapilli identical in composition and appearance to those in the Qbt are found in gravel underlying basalt that has been dated at about 80 ka. Taken together, the data suggest that the caldera formed about 80 ka when Qbt and Qat erupted. An earlier caldera likely formed about 300 ka, the approximate age of each of several mapped rhyolitic to dacitic ash-flow tuffs on the eastern side of the volcano, one of which was previously thought to be >500 ka in age. Preliminary paleomagnetic data suggest that these ash-flow tuffs have similar remnant directions. Previous identification (Kuehn, 2002) of some 40-50 Pleistocene tephras indicates either that Newberry is far more explosive than previously thought or that many of these tephras (of which no more than 6 occur in any single hand-dug pit) may represent different lobes of tephra generated by compositionally-zoned caldera-forming eruptions. The widespread Olema ash bed (a centimeter thick in the San Francisco Bay Area, ˜700 km SSW of Newberry Volcano) may represent one lobe of the ˜80-ka caldera-forming event. In the course of geologic mapping, 1- to 2-meter-sized boulders of a variety of lava flow types have been found on the tops of cinder cones at elevations as low as 5782 feet. Interpreted as glacial erratics, they suggest that ice extended far down the flanks of the volcano, rather than forming only very small cirques and limited moraines at the caldera rim (highest elevation 7984 feet), as previously thought. Large areas of mixed pumice and gravel at higher elevations may represent till that grades into outwash gravel at lower elevations. Periodic outburst floods from lakes formed in or beneath the ice cap (possibly linked to eruptive activity?) would explain the large channels that are so abundant on the eastern and, to a lesser extent, on the western (and younger) side of the volcano. As many as half a dozen postglacial (< ˜12 ka?), but pre-Mazama ( ˜8 ka), basaltic lava flows occupy several of the eastern and southeastern dry channels. The dry channels on the NE side appear to drain into the canyon of Dry River, a large, dry box canyon several hundred feet deep, which may have been carved by multiple large floods originating primarily from Newberry Volcano.

Donnelly-Nolan, J. M.; Champion, D. E.; Lanphere, M. A.; Ramsey, D. W.

2004-12-01

443

Name the experiment! Interpreting thermodynamic derivatives as thought experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce a series of activities to help students understand the partial derivatives that arise in thermodynamics. Students construct thought experiments that would allow them to measure given partial derivatives. These activities are constructed with a number of learning goals in mind, beginning with helping students to learn to think of thermodynamic quantities in terms of how one can measure or change them. A second learning goal is for students to understand the importance of the quantities held fixed in either a partial derivative or an experiment. Students additionally are given an experimental perspective—particularly when this activity is combined with real laboratory experiments—on the meaning of either fixing or changing entropy. In this paper, we introduce the activities and explain their learning goals. We also include examples of student work from classroom video and follow-up interviews.

Roundy, David; Bridget Kustusch, Mary; Manogue, Corinne

2014-01-01

444

Future of public workforce training: thought leaders' perspectives.  

PubMed

The guest editors identified eleven prominent public health thought leaders from practice, academia, professional associations, and philanthropic organizations to be interviewed for their opinions about the future of public health, the skills needed by the public health workforce, and training opportunities and roles. While they spoke from many different perspectives, several overarching themes emerged. The public health workforce needs updated skills. Public health academia should be more engaged in educating and training for public health practice, which would also benefit academia. There is a sense that "now is the time" for public health to be an essential player in the health care system. They see promise in emerging activities such as accreditation, practice-based research, and an explicit national agenda for workforce training. Overall, they are cautiously optimistic about the potential for greater real and perceived value of public health, momentum for more comprehensive, and coordinated public health training. PMID:24578360

Miner, Kathleen; Allan, Susan

2014-03-01

445

Reverse automatic differentiation of modular FORTRAN programs  

SciTech Connect

Several software systems are available for implementing automatic differentiation of computer programs. The forward mode of automatic differentiation is limited by computational intensity and computer memory. The reverse mode, or adjoint approach, is limited by computer memory and disk storage. A modular technique for derivative computation that can significantly reduce memory required to compute derivatives in a complex FORTRAN model using the reverse mode of automatic differentiation is discussed and demonstrated.

Horwedel, J.E.

1992-03-01

446

Day surgery; development of a questionnaire for eliciting patients' experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To develop a single, short, acceptable, and validated postal questionnaire for assessing patients' experiences of the process and outcome of day surgery. DESIGN--Interviews and review of existing questionnaires; piloting and field testing of draft questionnaires; consistency and validity checks. SETTING--Four hospitals, in Coventry (two), Swindon, and Milton Keynes. PATIENTS--373 patients undergoing day surgery in 1990. MAIN MEASURES--Postoperative symptoms, complications, health

N Black; C Sanderson

1993-01-01

447

Usual Dietary Intakes: NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Cancer.gov

NCI developed a new instrument called the NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (formerly called Food Propensity Questionnaire) and supported its application in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). This instrument collects much of the same information as a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), but without asking about portion size. The resulting data can be employed in the NCI usual dietary intakes model as covariates. By not asking about portion size, the NHANES FFQ requires less respondent burden than other FFQs.

448

Psychometric Properties of the Nurses Work Functioning Questionnaire (NWFQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThe Nurses Work Functioning Questionnaire (NWFQ) is a 50-item self-report questionnaire specifically developed for nurses and allied health professionals. Its seven subscales measure impairments in the work functioning due to common mental disorders. Aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the NWFQ, by assessing reproducibility and construct validity.MethodsThe questionnaire was administered to 314 nurses and allied

Fania R. Gärtner; Karen Nieuwenhuijsen; Frank J. H. van Dijk; Judith K. Sluiter

2011-01-01

449

Reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To assess the test-retest reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) questionnaire.Methods: A sample of 4619 male and female high school students from white, black, Hispanic, and other racial\\/ethnic groups completed the YRBS questionnaire on two occasions approximately two weeks apart. The questionnaire assesses a broad range of health risk behaviors. This study used a protocol that

Nancy D Brener; Laura Kann; Tim McManus; Steven A Kinchen; Elizabeth C Sundberg; James G Ross

2002-01-01

450

An Exploration of Questionnaire Sorting and Fuzzy Sorting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questionnaire sorting is a concept for sorting mentioned by Coxon [(1999) SORTING DATA. Collection and Analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage] and Harloff and Coxon [(2005), How to Sort. A Short Guide on Sorting Investigations. www.methodofsorting.com]. The use of questionnaire sorting is detailed herein. A paper questionnaire variant and a HTML\\u000a form variant are introduced. Their equivalence among each other and with

Joachim Harloff

2008-01-01

451

Automatic temperature controlled retinal photocoagulation.  

PubMed

Laser coagulation is a treatment method for many retinal diseases. Due to variations in fundus pigmentation and light scattering inside the eye globe, different lesion strengths are often achieved. The aim of this work is to realize an automatic feedback algorithm to generate desired lesion strengths by controlling the retinal temperature increase with the irradiation time. Optoacoustics afford non-invasive retinal temperature monitoring during laser treatment. A 75 ns/523 nm Q-switched Nd:YLF laser was used to excite the temperature-dependent pressure amplitudes, which were detected at the cornea by an ultrasonic transducer embedded in a contact lens. A 532 nm continuous wave Nd:YAG laser served for photocoagulation. The ED50 temperatures, for which the probability of ophthalmoscopically visible lesions after one hour in vivo in rabbits was 50%, varied from 63°C for 20 ms to 49°C for 400 ms. Arrhenius parameters were extracted as ?E=273 J mol(-1) and A=3 x 10(44) s(-1). Control algorithms for mild and strong lesions were developed, which led to average lesion diameters of 162 ± 34 ?m and 189 ± 34 ?m, respectively. It could be demonstrated that the sizes of the automatically controlled lesions were widely independent of the treatment laser power and the retinal pigmentation. PMID:22734753

Schlott, Kerstin; Koinzer, Stefan; Ptaszynski, Lars; Bever, Marco; Baade, Alex; Roider, Johann; Birngruber, Reginald; Brinkmann, Ralf

2012-06-01

452

78 FR 65451 - Agency Information Collection (Shoulder and Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY...Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER...Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire).'' SUPPLEMENTARY...

2013-10-31

453

78 FR 65451 - Agency Information Collection (Neck (Cervical Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY...Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER...Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire).'' SUPPLEMENTARY...

2013-10-31

454

78 FR 68905 - Agency Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans...Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER...Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)''. SUPPLEMENTARY...

2013-11-15

455

Validation Studies of the Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Relation between self report energy expenditure from the Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire score, and 7-day objective physical activity (PA) measurements from accelerometers and pedometers (Pearson correlation).

456

The VARK Questionnaire: How Do I Learn Best?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The VARK Questionnaire "How Do I Learn Best?" is a very useful free learning styles survey tool. This questionnaire can help students better understand how they learn and how to best study depending upon their preferred learning style: visual, aural, kinesthetic, read-write or multimodal. After taking the questionnaire, the participant will receive a personal learning profile with learning and study hints specifically geared to their learning style. It also can help instructors find out how their students learn and the best ways to teach them. There is also a version of the questionnaire available for athletes or for younger people.

2009-07-17

457

Obsessional beliefs and the implicit and explicit morality of intrusive thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) suggest that misinterpreting intrusive thoughts exacerbates obsessional thinking. To evaluate this hypothesis, healthy participants (N=91) were prompted to recollect their unwanted thoughts, and then beliefs about the immorality of these thoughts were manipulated. Next, participants completed implicit and explicit measures of self-evaluation and appraisals of unwanted thoughts. Results from structural regression analyses indicated that

Bethany A. Teachman; Elise M. Clerkin

2007-01-01

458

Registered Nurses' Thoughts on Blended Learning in a Postgraduate Course in Cancer care-Content Analyses of Web Surveys and a Focus Group Interview.  

PubMed

Purpose of the research was to describe registered nurses' (RNs) (n?=?53) thoughts on the blended learning format in a 'specialist nursing programme in cancer care'. The study was conducted in autumn 2007 and 2008. A content analysis of answers to open-ended questions in a web-based questionnaire and a focus group interview were carried out. The analysis revealed that the RNs appreciated blended learning. The web lectures facilitated learning and gave RNs access to the education at any time. However, according to the RNs, knowledge is gained through interaction between RNs and teachers, and this aspect needed to be improved. The RNs also thought that the content of the seminars on campus should focus on evidence-based nursing knowledge and practical skills, not just taught as stable facts and procedures. The result from the present study could help to improve the design and content of advanced nursing courses using a blended learning format. PMID:24338502

Arving, Cecilia; Wadensten, Barbro; Johansson, Birgitta

2014-06-01

459

The hopes of West African refugees during resettlement in northern Sweden: a 6-year prospective qualitative study of pathways and agency thoughts  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about how positive phenomena can support resettlement of refugees in a new country. The aim of this study was to examine the hopeful thinking in a group of West African quota refugees at arrival and after 6 years in Sweden and compare these thoughts to the views of resettlement support professionals. Method The primary study population comprised 56 adult refugees and 13 resettlement professionals. Qualitative data were collected from the refugees by questionnaires on arrival and 6 years later. Data were collected from the resettlement professionals by interview about 3 years after arrival of the refugees. Snyder's cognitive model of hope was used to inform the comparative data analyses. Results Hopes regarding education were in focus for the refugees shortly after arrival, but thoughts on family reunion were central later in the resettlement process. During the later stages of the resettlement process, the unresponsiveness of the support organization to the family reunion problem became as issue for the refugees. The professionals reported a complex mix of "silent agency thoughts" underlying the local resettlement process as a contributing reason for this unresponsiveness. Conclusion Hopes regarding education and family reunion were central in the resettlement of West African refugees in Sweden. These thoughts were not systematically followed up by the support organization; possibly the resources for refugees were not fully released. More studies are needed to further investigate the motivational factors underpinning host community support of refugees' hopes and plans.

2012-01-01

460

Dimensions of the contraceptive attributes questionnaire.  

PubMed

Principal components factor analyses with orthogonal rotation were performed on Importance, Sponge Agreement, Pill Agreement, and Diaphragm Agreement scales on the Contraceptive Attributes Questionnaire (CAQ) to ascertain reliability and validity. Specifically, the intent was to measure whether the scales included more than 1 dimension. Internal consistency of the factors was also measured with Cronbach's alpha for each of the factors in each of the Importance and Agreement factors. Data were obtained from a US national telephone survey of 1187 sexually active women 15-44 years. 385 were currently using the contraceptive sponge, 407 women who had formerly used the sponge, and 396 who had never used the sponge and were using other forms of contraception. 91.9% were white, 5.8% were black, and 1.4% were of Hispanic origin. 75.9% were employed outside the household. 61.4% were currently married, 25.2% were never married, and 13.4% were widowed or divorced. The instrument was designed to measure the subjective importance of specific attributed that contraceptive methods may have (Importance) and the perceived characteristics of specific contraceptive methods (Agreement). Importance is measured by the respondent's rating on a 5-point scale of how important each of 18 attributes was in selecting a birth control method. Agreement was determined by asking how much one agrees that the 18 attributes describes each of 3 methods: the pill, the sponge, and the diaphragm (14 attributes). The model of contraceptive decision making assumes that choice of a specific method is a function of value, importance, and likelihood. The attributes were based on 2 other sources, and pretesting reduces 63 items down to 18. The results yielded ratings of agreement for all 3 methods on convenience and absence of health problems and side effects attributes. For vaginal methods only, the attribute of greatest importance was convenience. The conclusion is that the subscales have reasonable internal consistency. In the comparison of women who used different methods, there were differences by user status on the ratings of the Importance and Agreement attributes for all 3 methods. Sponge users emphasized obtaining contraceptives without consulting medical staff. Pill users were concerned with the reputation of the method and convenience of use. Diaphragm users related to the reputation and familiarity with the method. Limitations were built into the sample which was not randomly selected, predominately white, and may reflect more innovative users. Items also were all stated in the positive. The CAQ would be useful is determining the characteristics of methods of importance to her and her perceptions of methods. Future research might examine different populations and compare positive and negative items. PMID:12344926

Beckman, L J; Harvey, S M; Murray, J

1992-06-01

461

Suicidal Thoughts of Women With HIV Infection: Effect of Stressors and Moderating Effects of Family Cohesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations of suicidality with sociodemographic characteristics, number of HIV-related symptoms, perceived stigma, depressive mood, emotional distress, and family cohesion were investigated in a sample of women with HIV infection. Of 214 women, 56% reported neither suicidal thoughts nor attempts since learning they were HIV infected, 31% reported thoughts but no attempts, and 14% reported both thoughts and attempts. Women who

Alice Demi; Roger Bakeman; Richard Sowell; Linda Moneyham; Brenda Seals

1998-01-01

462

The Relationships among Calling, Religiousness, and Dysfunctional Career Thoughts in Public University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among calling, religiousness, and dysfunctional career thoughts. Though the cognitive processes in the career decision-making process have been a focus of research in recent years, the relationship between career thoughts and calling has only been studied once and career thoughts'…

Rodriguez, Stefanie Josephine

2011-01-01

463

Working memory and stimulus-independent thought: Effects of memory load and presentation rate  

Microsoft Academic Search

When not engaged in demanding tasks, we commonly experience streams of thoughts and images quite unrelated to immediate sensory input. Such stimulus-independent (SI) thoughts may be troublesome, as in worry, insomnia and depression.Previous research within a working memory paradigm suggested that SI thought production depended on central executive control resources. To explore this hypothesis further, we examined the interference with

John D. Teasdale; Linda Proctor; Charlotte A. Lloyd; Alan D. Baddeley

1993-01-01

464

Intrusive thoughts and avoidance in breast cancer: Individual differences and association with psychological distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-five women with newly diagnosed breast cancer were classified on the basis of high and low levels of cancer-related intrusive thoughts and avoidance at diagnosis, and their psychological adjustment was studied prospectively at 3 and 6 months post diagnosis. Patients who initially reported high levels of both intrusive thoughts and avoidance and those who reported high levels of intrusive thoughts

Kari Primo; Bruce E. Compas; Gerri Oppedisano; David C. Howell; Joanne E. Epping-jordan; David N. Krag

2000-01-01

465

The Kingdom of God in the Thought of Martin Luther King, Jr  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is written primarily to show the strong foundation which King's religious thought gives to his social activism and his nonviolent resistance. To do so the thesis first shows how King's religious thought can be most fully seen within the context of the religious concept of the Kingdom of God. As the outline of King's religious thought develops, it

Duane Eugene Hix

1974-01-01

466

Validity and Reliability of the Nicotine and Marijuana Interaction Expectancy (NAMIE) Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The co-occurring use of tobacco and marijuana among young people is a concern, yet little research has examined processes of co-use. Understanding expectancies around use of the two substances will help identify intervention targets. This study examined psychometric properties of the Nicotine and Marijuana Interaction Expectancy (NAMIE) questionnaire based on three modified scales of the Nicotine and Other Substance Interaction Expectancy (NOSIE) questionnaire. Method An anonymous online survey recruited participants (N=1152) age 18 to 25 (mean age 20 years, 67% male, 72% Caucasian) who reported use of cigarettes and marijuana in the past 30 days. Analyses examined reliability and validity of the NAMIE. Results A confirmatory factor analysis indicated good model fit for a 3-factor model. Scales were marijuana increases tobacco use and urges, tobacco increases marijuana use and urges, and smoking to cope with marijuana urges. Subscales correlated significantly with measures of cigarette smoking (r = .08 to .27, p<.01) and nicotine dependence (r = -.07 to -.20, p<.01), marijuana use (r = .08 to .29, p<.01) and dependence (r = .27 to .42, p<.01), percent of days using both cigarettes and marijuana in the past 30 days (r = .15 to .30, p<.01), thoughts about tobacco and marijuana abstinence (r = -.09 to .44, p<.01), and motivation to quit using marijuana (F = 9.43, p<.001). When entered into a regression model, variables of use and thoughts about use remained significant. Conclusions The NAMIE was well-adapted for use with a marijuana-using community sample of young adult smokers.

Ramo, Danielle E.; Liu, Howard; Prochaska, Judith J.

2013-01-01

467

The Automatic Component of Habit in Health Behavior: Habit as Cue-Contingent Automaticity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Habit might be usefully characterized as a form of automaticity that involves the association of a cue and a response. Three studies examined habitual automaticity in regard to different aspects of the cue-response relationship characteristic of unhealthy and healthy habits. Design, Main Outcome Measures, and Results: In each study, habitual automaticity was assessed by the Self-Report Habit Index (SRHI).

Sheina Orbell; Bas Verplanken

2010-01-01

468

Psychometric properties of the Persian language version of Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) in Iranian general population.  

PubMed

The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 (OBQ-44), a self-report measure, was developed by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group (OCCWG) to assess beliefs considered relevant in the etiology and maintenance of obsessions and compulsions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian language version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (POBQ-44). A sample of 222 medical students from an Iranian university was used to assess the reliability and validity of the POBQ-44. The results indicated five factors: 1) general, 2) perfectionism, certainty, 3) responsibility and threat estimation, 4) importance and control of thoughts, 5) complete performance. Each of these factors was found to have adequate test-retest and internal consistency reliability. Each of the factors was associated with O-C symptoms. In addition, adequate convergent validity was found with a measure of obsessive compulsive symptoms, and discriminate validity was found with measures of depression and anxiety. PMID:24658991

Shams, Giti; Esmaili, Yaghoob; Karamghadiri, Narges; Ebrahimhkani, Narges; Yousefi, Youness; McKay, Dean

2014-01-01

469

ANPS - AUTOMATIC NETWORK PROGRAMMING SYSTEM  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of some of the space program's large simulation projects -- like the project which involves simulating the countdown sequence prior to spacecraft liftoff -- requires the support of automated tools and techniques. The number of preconditions which must be met for a successful spacecraft launch and the complexity of their interrelationship account for the difficulty of creating an accurate model of the countdown sequence. Researchers developed ANPS for the Nasa Marshall Space Flight Center to assist programmers attempting to model the pre-launch countdown sequence. Incorporating the elements of automatic programming as its foundation, ANPS aids the user in defining the problem and then automatically writes the appropriate simulation program in GPSS/PC code. The program's interactive user dialogue interface creates an internal problem specification file from user responses which includes the time line for the countdown sequence, the attributes for the individual activities which are part of a launch, and the dependent relationships between the activities. The program's automatic simulation code generator receives the file as input and selects appropriate macros from the library of software modules to generate the simulation code in the target language GPSS/PC. The user can recall the problem specification file for modification to effect any desired changes in the source code. ANPS is designed to write simulations for problems concerning the pre-launch activities of space vehicles and the operation of ground support equipment and has potential for use in developing network reliability models for hardware systems and subsystems. ANPS was developed in 1988 for use on IBM PC or compatible machines. The program requires at least 640 KB memory and one 360 KB disk drive, PC DOS Version 2.0 or above, and GPSS/PC System Version 2.0 from Minuteman Software. The program is written in Turbo Prolog Version 2.0. GPSS/PC is a trademark of Minuteman Software. Turbo Prolog is a trademark of Borland International. IBM PC and PS DOS are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation.

Schroer, B. J.

1994-01-01

470

The Greek version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ).  

PubMed

We report herein the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation into the Greek language of the parent's version of 2 health related quality of life instruments. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a disease specific health instrument that measures functional ability in daily living activities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) is a generic health instrument designed to capture the physical and psychosocial well-being of children independently from the underlying disease. The Greek CHAQ CHQ were fully validated with 3 forward and 3 backward translations. A total of 143 subjects were enrolled: 82 patients with JIA (28% systemic onset, 24% polyarticular onset, 10% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 38% persistent oligoarticular subtype) and 61 healthy children. The CHAQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic, polyarticular and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a higher degree of disability, pain, and a lower overall well-being when compared to their healthy peers. Also the CHQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic onset, polyarticular onset and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a lower physical and psychosocial well-being when compared to their healthy peers. In conclusion the Greek version of the CHAQ-CHQ is a reliable, and valid tool for the functional, physical and psychosocial assessment of children with JIA. PMID:11510336

Pratsidou-Gertsi, P; Vougiouka, O; Tsitsami, E; Ruperto, N; Siamopoulou-Mavridou, A; Dracou, C; Daskas, I; Trachana, M; Alaleou, V; Kanakoudi-Tsakalidou, F

2001-01-01

471

The Hungarian version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ).  

PubMed

We report herein the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation into the Hungarian language of the parent's version of two health related quality of life instruments. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a disease specific health instrument that measures functional ability in daily living activities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) is a generic health instrument designed to capture the physical and psychosocial well-being of children independently from the underlying disease. The Hungarian CHAQ CHQ were fully validated with 3 forward and 3 backward translations. A total of 127 subjects were enrolled: 67 patients with JIA (13.5% systemic onset, 42% polyarticular onset, 13.5% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 31% persistent oligoarticular subtype) and 60 healthy children. The CHAQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic, polyarticular and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a higher degree of disability, pain, and a lower overall well-being when compared to their healthy peers. Also the CHQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the systemic onset, polyarticular onset and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a lower physical and psychosocial well-being when compared to their healthy peers. In conclusion the Hungarian version of the CHAQ-CHQ is a reliable, and valid tool for the functional, physical and psychosocial assessment of children with JIA. PMID:11510337

Orban, I; Ruperto, N; Balogh, Z

2001-01-01

472

Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ).  

PubMed

The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and alcohol consumption. Addiction, 96, 57-72], on which this research was modelled, positive and negative outcomes were the main factors for all foods, accounting jointly for between 33 and 40% of expectancy variance in factor analysis and predicting as much as 16% of the variance in relevant food intake measures by linear regression. Expected positive and negative outcomes of eating were predominantly immediate psychological after-effects, rather than including orosensory experiences, or longer-term effects on health or well-being. Other expectancies varied from food to food. FEQ expectancies for different foods have similar factor structure and were related to self-reported diet, the FEQ therefore shows promise as a means of modelling cognitions about eating. PMID:15949872

Reid, Marie; Bunting, Jane; Hammersley, Richard

2005-10-01

473

The Bulgarian version of the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ).  

PubMed

We report herein the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation into the Bulgarian language of the parent's version of two health related quality of life instruments. The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a disease specific health instrument that measures functional ability in daily living activities in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) is a generic health instrument designed to capture the physical and psychosocial well-being of children independently from the underlying disease. The Bulgarian CHAQ CHQ were fully validated with 1 forward and 1 backward translations. 137 subjects were enrolled: 77 patients with JIA (36% systemic onset, 30% polyarticular onset, 4% extended oligoarticular subtype, and 30% persistent oligoarticular subtype) and 60 healthy children. The CHAQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the polyarticular and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a higher degree of disability, pain, and a lower overall well-being when compared to their healthy peers. Also the CHQ clinically discriminated between healthy subjects and JIA patients, with the polyarticular onset and extended oligoarticular subtypes having a lower physical and psychosocial well-being when compared to their healthy peers. In conclusion the Bulgarian version of the CHAQ-CHQ is a reliable, and valid tool for the functional, physical and psychosocial assessment of children with JIA. PMID:11510327

Mihaylova, D; Ruperto, N; Kibarova, V; Teltcharova-Mihaylovska, A; Kalaikov, D; Stefanov, S; Lisichki, K; Bojidarova, M

2001-01-01

474

Thoughts and perceptions of ankylosing spondylitis patients with regard to TNF inhibitors.  

PubMed

The risk of infections and malignancies is the major area of concern with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents. The aim of this study was to investigate patients' views about their treatments and the factors that influence patients' treatment decisions concerning the use of anti-TNF-? drugs. This descriptive study was conducted in a single rheumatology unit. Patients using anti-TNF-? drugs for at least 3 months were included. Patients' thoughts and perceptions about their treatment were evaluated using a questionnaire. A total of 101 (94.1 % male) patients were recruited. The patients described their feelings as hopeful, worried, happy, scared, desperate, and hopeless, with the order decreasing beginning with the first. Hope for healing and an expectation of increased quality of life were the most significant determinants for acceptance of treatment. After the drug information was given, patients described their feelings as follows: increase in anxiety, psychologically wearisome, and worrying about their condition worsening in the future. After anti-TNF-? treatment, patients described their experience as follows: "the most effective medicine that I have ever used," "it saved my life," "control procedures that were carried out before the treatment and once every 3 months after the treatment were essential," "I feel myself safe with these controls," and "I advised other people." This study, to our knowledge, is the first to evaluate the attitudes of patients concerning anti-TNF-? drugs from the stage of informed consent to the post-experience stage. We found that standard consent forms caused an increase in the level of anxiety among new users of anti-TNF-? drugs, although the aim was the exact opposite. The reasons for acceptance were the hope for healing, reliance on physicians, and advice of other patients. Most patients accepted follow-up control procedures, which aimed to diagnose adverse effects early. PMID:24374358

Cinar, Fatma Ilknur; Cinar, Muhammet; Yilmaz, Sedat; Simsek, Ismail; Erdem, Hakan; Pay, Salih

2014-07-01

475

Physics and Human Thought, Reflections on a New Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new course was implemented at USI in the Fall 1997 semester. This course is neither a traditional physics course nor a traditional humanities course. It is a hybrid of the two. The course covers some of the important ideas in physics, particularly special relativity and quantum mechanics, and their relationship to other areas of human thought, e.g. philosophy, literature, and art. The emphasis of the course is on learning the physics and the significance of the ideas presented. Physical theories are framed in the context of the times in which they developed. The worldview of the physicist that results from these new ideas is explored, with discussion of how this worldview compares and contrasts to the worldview of other fields. Connections to other areas are made through readings, excerpted in the text as well as from outside sources. These readings are from works that have a direct connection to physics. The course involves both the solving of "traditional physics problems" and the writing of essays relating the ideas developed in the problems to a wider context. A description of the course will be presented along with a post-course analysis.

Goggin, Michael

1998-05-01

476

Suicidal thoughts related to psychoactive substance abuse among adolescents.  

PubMed

The enquiry of suicide is of particular importance. According to WHO statistics suicide in people aged from 15 to 24 years has shown the greatest increase of relative mortality. In the group of suicidal adolescents, depression, behavioural disorders, abuse of different substances and personality deviations are frequent factors in presence. The aim of our investigation was to determine the correlation between psychoactive substance abuse and the occurrence of suicidal thoughts in adolescents. The specific "Q 2000" test was used to question 600 adolescents, from Tuzla and Sarajevo Cantons, with the same gender and age distribution and rural-urban ambient. The more prevailing suicidal idea occurrence was observed in cannabis abusers (50.0%) and alcohol abusers (36.6%) in comparison to non-abusers regardless gender and/or living ambient (settlement types) (19.5% and 17.6% per each, x2 = 17.184 p = 0.00001). The augmentation in number of suicidal ideas was not observed in tobacco smokers. PMID:14528719

Licanin, Ifeta; Music, Emina; Laslo, Erdes; Berg-Kelly, Kristina; Masic, Izet; Redzic, Amira; Vejzagic, Anesa; Krosnjar, Sanja

2003-01-01

477

Poinsettia exposures have good outcomes...just as we thought.  

PubMed

The poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a much-maligned plant which is thought by the public and some health professionals to be extremely toxic. Despite pronouncements by public health officials to the contrary, the poinsettia continues to be recognized as a poisonous plant. To determine if there was any validity to the toxicity claims, 849,575 plant exposures reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers were electronically analyzed. Poinsettia exposures accounted for 22,793 cases and formed the subset that was analyzed to critically evaluate the morbidity and mortality associated with poinsettia exposures. There were no fatalities among all poinsettia exposures and 98.9% were accidental in nature, with 93.3% involving children. The majority of exposed patients (96.1%) were not treated in a health care facility and 92.4% did not develop any toxicity related to their exposure to the poinsettia. Most patients do not require any type of therapy and can be treated without referral to a health care facility. PMID:8906768

Krenzelok, E P; Jacobsen, T D; Aronis, J M

1996-11-01

478

Temporal effects of separation on suicidal thoughts and behaviours.  

PubMed

Divorce has been identified as a risk factor for suicide. However, little research has been conducted on the time trajectory of the influence of relationship separation on suicidal outcomes. This study aimed to assess the effects over time of relationship breakdown and separation on suicidality. Data were drawn from 6616 Australian adults participating in the PATH through Life Project, a population-based longitudinal study. Suicidal ideation was reported by 406 participants (6.1%), and 99 (1.5%) reported a suicide plan or attempt in the past year. The effects of separation on suicidality were strongest soon after separation, with a nearly three-fold increase in ideation (adjusted OR = 2.73, p < 0.001) and an eight-fold increase in plans/attempts (adjusted OR = 7.75, p < 0.001) in the two years following separation, gradually diminishing subsequently. The period up to four years before a separation was also found to be a time of increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviours, while marriage was protective. Separation is a strong risk factor for suicidality and mental health services should target recently separated individuals. PMID:24768777

Batterham, Philip J; Fairweather-Schmidt, A Kate; Butterworth, Peter; Calear, Alison L; Mackinnon, Andrew J; Christensen, Helen

2014-06-01

479

Changing thoughts: a series of digital art holograms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Light is the one key essential quality of holography and as such holograms are morphologically closer to 'Optical', 'Kinetic' and 'Light Art'. In my attempt to explore this 'Kinetic' feature I collaborated Martin Richardson in the Modern Holography Program at DeMontfort University, in Leicester between March 2010 and 2011, to produce a series of digital art holograms and lenticulars with an open and experiential reference to light capture as energetic element. These holograms were filmed using a 35mm digital camera on a moving rail system and are as such 'Stereogram's', then printed by GEOLA in Lithuania as reflection holograms measuring 50cm x 60cm. The title of this series of digital stereographic holograms is 'Changing Thoughts'. They allude to the interrelationship the observer has in assuming an understanding of what they see, only to suddenly change when they find out that what they are seeing is actually something quite different to what they had understood. Much critical theorization, in recent times, has focused on the body and related to the work of Merleau-Ponty. And to António Damásio, the word images, means mental patterns with each sensorial way. Not only related at "visual" images nor static objects. But also sonorous images, or body inside images like those described by Einstein when he was trying to solve problems.

Azevedo, Isabel; Richardson, Martin

2011-02-01

480

Cardiac anaplerosis in health and disease: food for thought  

PubMed Central

There has been a resurgence of interest for the field of cardiac metabolism catalysed by the increased need for new therapeutic targets for patients with heart failure. The primary focus of research in this area to date has been on the impact of substrate selection for oxidative energy metabolism; however, anaplerotic metabolism also has significant interest for its potential cardioprotective role. Anaplerosis refers to metabolic pathways that replenish the citric acid cycle intermediates, which are essential to energy metabolism; however, our understanding of the role and regulation of this process in the heart, particularly under pathophysiological conditions, is very limited. Therefore, the goal of this article is to provide a foundation for future directions of research on cardiac anaplerosis and heart disease. We include an overview of anaplerotic metabolism, a critical evaluation of current methods available for its quantitation in the intact heart, and a discussion of its role and regulation both in health and disease as it is currently understood based mostly on animal studies. We also consider genetic diseases affecting anaplerotic pathways in humans and acute intervention studies with anaplerotic substrates in the clinics. Finally, as future perspectives, we will share our thoughts about potential benefits and practical considerations on modalities of interventions targeting anaplerosis in heart disease, including heart failure.

Des Rosiers, Christine; Labarthe, Francois; Lloyd, Steven G.; Chatham, John C.

2011-01-01

481

The adaptive significance of trunk inclination: a further thought  

PubMed Central

A recent paper in this journal has criticized our previous study, in which we identified an adaptive significance of trunk inclination on slopes. Our main argument was that a tree on a slope may gain some benefit by leaning, which provides the tree with shorter access to the canopy light, and thus a better chance for survival, and that if this benefit outweighs the cost involved in leaning, trunk inclination will be favoured by selection. Although the criticisms are based on some misunderstandings, the situations considered in the critique, which are different from ours, have inspired us into an extension of our previous study. In the course of a reply to the criticisms, we present a further thought on the adaptive significance of trunk inclination in a broader scope. Specifically, we show that our model, with its modified formulation of the benefit component of tree leaning, may evaluate the fitness of a tree with its trunk inclined. It can also be used to examine the conditions for tree leaning, and make predictions on the optimal tree leaning in any situations, including canopy gaps and permanent openings, which the critique is mainly concerned with.

Ishii, R.; Higashi, M.

1998-01-01

482

Second thoughts on Agieren: listening to the enacted.  

PubMed

The author proposes an expanded notion of the concept of Agieren, introduced by Freud in his theory of transference, and to this effect discusses three metapsychological articulations. Firstly, the idea of the psyche is proposed containing different co-existing modalities of representing emotional experience. One is a verbal inscription governed by the logic of the dynamically repressed, and another is the registration of a mode of being, in the form of sequences of psychic gestures that the subject exchanges with his objects. The author proposes that the psychic gesture is the ideopictographic representation for certain emotional states never verbally thought and, consequently, its metapsychological status is unconscious but not repressed. Secondly, these unconscious registers contain specific modalities of processing reality, created by the projective attribution of the parental unconscious. Finally, by conceiving this model of unconscious, ideopictographically represented as psychic gestures, the author proposes that a patient's emotional state, becoming a psychic gesture of the analytic pair, is enacted within the analytic stage. His proposal departs from the frequent view of enactment as a result of the non-represented aspects of the psyche. It is assumed that what is played out by the analytic pair pertains to the unconscious imaginary represented. PMID:24102491

Sapisochin, Gabriel

2013-10-01

483

Suicidal thoughts/behaviors in sexually abused children.  

PubMed

This study examined the frequency of suicidality based on self-report and parent report in 430 sexually abused outpatient youth ages 3 to 17. Thirty-four percent of youth experienced suicidal ideation or behavior. However, when both parent and child completed measures, the rate of suicidality increased to 45.3%. The prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behavior was not higher based on relationship to the perpetrator, race, or previous placement outside the home. Suicidal youth rated themselves as more depressed, anxious, and angry on self-reports. Child self-reports of post-traumatic stress disorder were greater among the suicidal youth. Parent reports of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder were greater among suicidal youth. A logistic regression model including Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children Depression and Anger scores correctly classified 74.2% of suicidal and nonsuicidal children and adolescents, but not self-criticism, was predicted by depression and anger. These findings support the need for formal multi-informant evaluations of suicidality in sexually abused youth. PMID:23829832

Wherry, Jeffrey N; Baldwin, Spenser; Junco, Kacee; Floyd, Belinda

2013-01-01

484

Automatic home medical product recommendation.  

PubMed

Web-based personal health records (PHRs) are being widely deployed. To improve PHR's capability and usability, we proposed the concept of intelligent PHR (iPHR). In this paper, we use automatic home medical product recommendation as a concrete application to demonstrate the benefits of introducing intelligence into PHRs. In this new application domain, we develop several techniques to address the emerging challenges. Our approach uses treatment knowledge and nursing knowledge, and extends the language modeling method to (1) construct a topic-selection input interface for recommending home medical products, (2) produce a global ranking of Web pages retrieved by multiple queries, and (3) provide diverse search results. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our techniques using USMLE medical exam cases. PMID:20703712

Luo, Gang; Thomas, Selena B; Tang, Chunqiang

2012-04-01

485

Commutated automatic gain control system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A commutated automatic gain control system (AGC) was designed and constructed for the prototype Loran C receiver. The AGC is designed to improve the signal-to-signal ratio of the received Loran signals. The AGC design does not require any analog to digital conversion and it utilizes commonly available components. The AGC consists of: (1) a circuit which samples the peak of the envelope of the Loran signal to obtain an AGC voltage for each of three Loran stations, (2) a dc gain circuit to control the overall gain of the AGC system, and (3) an AGC amplification of the input RF signal. The performance of the AGC system was observed in bench and flight tests; it has improved the overall accuracy of the receiver. Improvements in the accuracy of the time difference calculations to within approx. + or - 1.5 microseconds of the observed time differnces for a given position are reported.

Yost, S. R.

1981-01-01

486

Autoclass: An automatic classification system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The task of inferring a set of classes and class descriptions most likely to explain a given data set can be placed on a firm theoretical foundation using Bayesian statistics. Within this framework, and using various mathematical and algorithmic approximations, the AutoClass System searches for the most probable classifications, automatically choosing the number of classes and complexity of class descriptions. A simpler version of AutoClass has been applied to many large real data sets, has discovered new independently-verified phenomena, and has been released as a robust software package. Recent extensions allow attributes to be selectively correlated within particular classes, and allow classes to inherit, or share, model parameters through a class hierarchy. The mathematical foundations of AutoClass are summarized.

Stutz, John; Cheeseman, Peter; Hanson, Robin

1991-01-01

487

Automatic spatial association for luminance.  

PubMed

In the present study, we investigated whether luminance and the side of response execution are associated, showing a SNARC-like effect (faster responses with the left hand for dark stimuli, and vice versa for light stimuli). A total of 30 participants were tested in two experiments. In Experiment 1, the association between space and the luminance of chromatic stimuli was directly tested (brightness discrimination). In Experiment 2, the same spatial association was tested indirectly (hue discrimination). The results showed that participants responded faster with their left hand to hues with lower luminance, and with their right hand to hues with higher luminance, in either the direct or the indirect task. The consistency of this association in both tasks demonstrates the automaticity of the SNARC-like effect for luminance. PMID:24402699

Fumarola, Antonia; Prpic, Valter; Da Pos, Osvaldo; Murgia, Mauro; Umiltà, Carlo; Agostini, Tiziano

2014-04-01

488

Automatic Nanodesign Using Evolutionary Techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many problems associated with the development of nanotechnology require custom designed molecules. We use genetic graph software, a new development, to automatically evolve molecules of interest when only the requirements are known. Genetic graph software designs molecules, and potentially nanoelectronic circuits, given a fitness function that determines which of two molecules is better. A set of molecules, the first generation, is generated at random then tested with the fitness function, Subsequent generations are created by randomly choosing two parent molecules with a bias towards high scoring molecules, tearing each molecules in two at random, and mating parts from the mother and father to create two children. This procedure is repeated until a satisfactory molecule is found. An atom pair similarity test is currently used as the fitness function to evolve molecules similar to existing pharmaceuticals.

Globus, Al; Saini, Subhash (Technical Monitor)

1998-01-01

489

Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device  

DOEpatents

A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

2004-09-14

490

Assessing the Efficacy of a Student Expectations Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses Rasch analysis to explore the efficacy of a questionnaire designed to assist university teaching staff in identifying those Level 4 students most in need of mathematics support. The students were all taking a mathematics module as part of their first year Computing curriculum, and the questionnaire explores the students' previous…

Warwick, Jon

2012-01-01

491

Self-Rated Competences Questionnaires from a Design Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a theoretical review of self-rated competences questionnaires. This topic is influenced by the ongoing world-wide reform of higher education, which has led to a focus on the learner outcomes of higher education. Consequently, questionnaires on self-rated competences have increasingly been employed. However, self-ratings are…

Braun, Edith; Woodley, Alan; Richardson, John T. E.; Leidner, Bernhard

2012-01-01

492

Collecting Student Feedback: A Comparison of Questionnaire and Other Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted comparing the feedback received from students about teaching obtained using different instruments. Twelve first- and second-year undergraduate modules were selected from seven different schools within a single university. Students studying each module were allocated to "questionnaire" and "comparator" groups. "Questionnaire"…

Huxham, Mark; Laybourn, Phyllis; Cairncross, Sandra; Gray, Morag; Brown, Norrie; Goldfinch, Judy; Earl, Shirley

2008-01-01

493

Psychometric properties of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire: Chinese version  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to develop a Chinese version of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-C) and to examine its psychometric properties in a sample of Chinese university students. The English version of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire was translated and back-translated prior to its administration to 791 participants recruited from two universities in Changsha, Hunan (China).

Xiongzhao Zhu; Randy P. Auerbach; Shuqiao Yao; John R. Z. Abela; Jing Xiao; Xi Tong

2008-01-01

494

The Teacher Evaluation Questionnaire and the Quantification of Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the importance of criteria in the evaluation of a teacher by his students and proposes a method of representing the results of the questionnaire in the form of one weighted average. The following points, emphasized in the construction of the questionnaire, are elaborated: a) the characteristics of a good teacher; b) the…

Melnyk, M.

495

Learning Probe: Benchmarking for Excellence. Questionnaire. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a questionnaire designed for work-based learning providers. It is a diagnostic benchmarking tool developed to give organizations a snapshot of their current state. Following a brief introduction, there are instructions for filling in the questionnaire, which includes both open-ended response and scoring according to a…

Owen, Jane; Yarrow, David; Appleby, Alex

496

Development and Initial Validation of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this manuscript was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ) a parent-reported questionnaire for measuring perceived environmental restrictions for young children participation. Reliability and homogeneity were tested by Cronbach's alpha and inter-item correlations.…

Rosenberg, Limor; Ratzon, Nava Z.; Jarus, Tal; Bart, Orit

2010-01-01

497

Measuring Experiential Avoidance in Adults: The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, general levels of experiential avoidance are primarily measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), but it includes items of questionable comprehensibility. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), previously validated as a measure of experiential avoidance with children and adolescents, was…

Schmalz, Jonathan E.; Murrell, Amy R.

2010-01-01

498

Indoor Air Quality Investigation: Experience with a Questionnaire Survey Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial hygienists are increasingly being called upon to evaluate indoor air quality concerns. NIOSH has developed an initial assessment protocol that includes a worker survey questionnaire, a building characterization, and a walk-through survey. This initial assessment may be followed by environmental monitoring. The results of administering the NIOSH worker survey questionnaire at a midwestern community-college building are reported. The instrument

John Lund; Carol Rice

1992-01-01