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1

Cognitive self-statements in depression: Development of an automatic thoughts questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 30-item questionnaire was devised to measure the frequency of occurrence of automatic negative thoughts (negative self-statements)associated with depression. Male and female undergraduates were asked to recall dysphoric experiences and to report associated cognitions. One hundred representative cognitions were selected and administered to a second sample, along with the MMPI D scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Thirty items discriminating

Steven D. Hollon; Philip C. Kendall

1980-01-01

2

Self-Compassion and Automatic Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to examine the relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts. Participants were 299 university students. In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire were used. The relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts were examined using correlation analysis…

Akin, Ahmet

2012-01-01

3

The Relationship between Parents' and Children's Automatic Thoughts in a College Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research demonstrates the importance of early social interactions in the development of schemas and automatic thoughts. It does not appear, however, that the existing research examines intergenerational correlations in automatic thoughts. As a result, this study explores the relationship between the automatic thoughts of parents and those of their…

Donnelly, Reesa; Renk, Kimberly; Sims, Valerie K.; McGuire, Jack

2011-01-01

4

The Relationship Between Parents’ and Children’s Automatic Thoughts in a College Student Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research demonstrates the importance of early social interactions in the development of schemas and automatic thoughts. It\\u000a does not appear, however, that the existing research examines intergenerational correlations in automatic thoughts. As a result,\\u000a this study explores the relationship between the automatic thoughts of parents and those of their college-age children in\\u000a a sample of 252 college students and their

Reesa Donnelly; Kimberly Renk; Valerie K. Sims; Jack McGuire

2011-01-01

5

Confirmatory factor analysis of the Thought Occurrence Questionnaire for Sport (TOQS) among adolescent athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an inherent link between theory and measurement suggesting that validation of measures should be the first stage of theory testing. The aim of the present study was to cross-validate the factorial validity of the Thought Occurrence Questionnaire for Sport for use among adolescent athletes. National standard young athletes (Individual N?=?204; Team N?=?360) completed the TOQS questionnaire. Single-sample and

Chris Harwood; Alan M. Nevill

2005-01-01

6

Early maladaptive schemas and social anxiety in adolescents: the mediating role of anxious automatic thoughts.  

PubMed

Cognitive models state that cognitions are organized hierarchically, so that the underlying schemas affect behavior via more automatic, superficial cognitive processes. This study aimed to demonstrate that early maladaptive schemas predict anxious automatic thoughts, and to show that such automatic thoughts act as mediators between schemas and prospective changes in social anxiety symptoms. The study also examined an alternative reverse model in which schemas acted as mediators between automatic thoughts and social anxiety. A total of 1052 adolescents (499 girls and 553 boys; M(age)=13.43; SD(age)=1.29) completed measures of early maladaptive schemas, socially anxious automatic thoughts, and social anxiety symptoms at Times 1, 2, and 3. The results revealed bidirectional longitudinal relationships among schemas and automatic thoughts that were consistent in content (e.g., the disconnection/rejection schemas and automatic thoughts of negative self-concept). Furthermore, the automatic thoughts of anticipatory negative evaluation by others at Time 2 mediated the relationship between the other-directedness schemas at Time 1 and social anxiety symptoms at Time 3. These findings are consistent with hierarchical cognitive models of social anxiety given that deeper schemas predict more surface-level thoughts. They also support that these more surface-level thoughts contribute to perpetuating schemas. Finally, results show that early maladaptive schemas of the other-directedness domain play a relevant role in the development and maintenance of social anxiety. PMID:23602941

Calvete, Esther; Orue, Izaskun; Hankin, Benjamin L

2013-04-01

7

Measuring Negative and Positive Thoughts in Children: An Adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children’s\\u000a Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative\\/Positive (CATS-N\\/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative\\u000a self-statements in children and adolescents. However, positive thoughts also play a major role in childhood disorders such\\u000a as anxiety and depression. Therefore, positive self-statements

Sanne M. Hogendoorn; Lidewij H. Wolters; Leentje Vervoort; Pier J. M. Prins; Frits Boer; Kooij van der E; Else de Haan

2010-01-01

8

Association of microcephalin 1, syntrophin-beta 1, and other genes with automatic thoughts in the Japanese population.  

PubMed

Automatic thoughts may be risk factors for depression and anxiety, and should be detected early. However, the genetic basis of automatic thoughts remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the genetic association of automatic thoughts with SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) involved in cognition, neurogenesis, neuronal cell structure, neurotransmitters, hypothalamus-pituitary adrenal axis and psychiatric illness. The study included 610 healthy participants. We used the Depression and Anxiety Cognition Scale (DACS), a Japanese psychological questionnaire, to assess automatic thoughts. Twenty-five SNPs including COMT, BDNF, FKBP5, SNTB1 (syntrophin-beta 1, rs4512418), and MCPH1 (microcephalin 1, rs2911968) were selected according to their minor allele frequency. Linear regression models were used to test association of mean DACS scores with each allele (major-allele homozygote, heterozygote, and minor-allele homozygote). The significant ?-value was set at ? < 0.002. Statistical analysis was conducted using SNPStats. Call rates for all genotypes were >98%. Eighteen SNPs did not deviate from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and 7 were excluded from statistical analysis. Significant associations of SNTB1 with interpersonal threat and MCPH1 with future denial were observed only in females. SNTB1 and MCPH1 are located on chromosome 8, which may be involved in neuroticism, avoidant personality and depression. Our results demonstrated that DACS scores showing significant interaction with the 2 SNPs may be regarded as appropriate traits to detect the diathesis of automatic thoughts. The 2 SNPs may be important loci in research on cognitive vulnerability to depression and anxiety. PMID:24975899

Ishitobi, Yoshinobu; Inoue, Ayako; Aizawa, Saeko; Masuda, Koji; Ando, Tomoko; Kawano, Aimi; Ikeda, Rie; Maruyama, Yoshihiro; Kanehisa, Masayuki; Ninomiya, Taiga; Tanaka, Yoshihiro; Tsuru, Jusen; Akiyoshi, Jotaro

2014-09-01

9

Autobiographical Memories Prompted by Automatic Thoughts in Panic Disorder and Social Phobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the retrieval of autobiographical memories when prompted by automatic thoughts that were representative of maladaptive schema content specific to 2 anxiety disorders. Participants with panic disorder (n = 20), those with social phobia (n = 22) and non?anxious participants (n = 20) indicated the first specific memory that came to mind when cued with panic?related, social phobia?related and control automatic thoughts. Panic participants

Amy Wenzel; Cassandra K. Cochran

2006-01-01

10

The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire. Psychometric properties and relationship with consumption, dieting, disinhibition and thought suppression.  

PubMed

We examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ), comparing the original three-factor model to a later-suggested two-factor model. We evaluated the construct validity of the ACQ by investigating the associations between the resulting factors and other eating-related questionnaires such as the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire and the Food Thought Suppression Inventory. Finally, we compared the scores on several scales regarding eating behavior between different groups (men versus women, dieters versus non-dieters and cravers versus non-cravers). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Dutch ACQ indicated the best global fit indices for the two-factor model, with the resulting factors being "Negative consequences and Guilt" and "Craving and emotional eating". Both factors were associated with other eating-related dimensions. However, craving seemed to be uniquely associated with the amount of chocolate consumed per week, whereas guilt correlated strongly with restraint. Finally, women scored higher on nearly all scales, but there was no significant gender difference with regard to chocolate consumption. Dieters reported more disinhibition, restraint, food-thought suppression and guilt, but they did not significantly differ from non-dieters with regards to their levels of craving, hunger nor consumption. PMID:24530692

Van Gucht, Dinska; Soetens, Barbara; Raes, Filip; Griffith, James W

2014-05-01

11

Automatic Effects of Alcohol and Aggressive Cues on Aggressive Thoughts and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies have shown that alcohol increases aggression. In this article it is proposed that the link between alcohol and aggression is so strong that mere exposure to alcohol-related cues will automatically activate aggressive thoughts and behaviors. Two experiments tested this automaticity theory of alcohol-related aggression. In Experiment 1, participants exposed to alcohol- or weapon-related primes made faster lexical decisions

Baptiste Subra; Dominique Muller; L. Begue; Brad J. Bushman; Florian Delmas

2010-01-01

12

Evaluation of Two New Scales Assessing Driving Anger: The Driving Anger Expression Inventory and the Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the validity of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) and Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire (DATQ). Scales within the DAX and DATQ appeared to assess separate, correlated constructs. Aggressive forms of thinking and anger expression correlated positively with each other, trait driving anger, aggressive and risky behavior, some crash-related conditions, general trait anger, and general forms of anger

Jerry L. Deffenbacher; Gail S. White; Rebekah S. Lynch

2004-01-01

13

Perfectionistic Automatic Thoughts and Psychological Distress in Adolescents: An Analysis of the Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper examines a measure of perfectionistic automatic thoughts in terms of its psychometric properties and association\\u000a with depression in adolescents. The Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory (PCI) was administered to two samples of adolescents.\\u000a The first sample of adolescents (N = 250) also completed measures of trait perfectionism and depression. The second sample of adolescents (N = 105) completed these same measures as well

Gordon L. FlettPaul; Paul L. Hewitt; Aline Demerjian; Edward D. Sturman; Simon B. Sherry; Winnie Cheng

14

Appendix C: The Questionnaire of Experiment #2: Evaluating Semi-automatic Domain Models (SDM) in Comparison to Ontologies  

E-print Network

80 Appendix C: The Questionnaire of Experiment #2: Evaluating Semi-automatic Domain Models (SDM enables tasks scheduling and projects management. All the questions in this questionnaire refer to this SDM-generated model. The questionnaire includes 3 parts, to be answered in the order of appearance

Reinhartz-Berger, Iris

15

Appendix B: The Questionnaire of Experiment #1: Evaluating Semi-automatic Domain Models (SDM) in Comparison to Human-made Domain Models  

E-print Network

69 Appendix B: The Questionnaire of Experiment #1: Evaluating Semi-automatic Domain Models (SDM the questions in this questionnaire refer to this automatically generated model. For better understanding). The questionnaire includes two parts. In Part A, you will be asked to map the automatically generated domain model

Reinhartz-Berger, Iris

16

A mediational model of perfectionistic automatic thoughts and psychosomatic symptoms: The roles of negative affect and daily hassles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study extended research linking trait perfectionism with health symptoms by examining perfectionism from a cognitive perspective focused on perfectionistic automatic thoughts in psychosomatic symptoms. It was postulated that a cognitive preoccupation with needing to be perfect is a specific form of rumination implicated in health problems. In addition, we evaluated daily hassles and negative affect as possible mediators

Gordon L. Flett; Danielle S. Molnar; Taryn Nepon; Paul L. Hewitt

17

Perfectionism, Anxiety, and Depressive Distress: Evidence for the Mediating Role of Negative Automatic Thoughts and Anxiety Sensitivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study assessed a mediational model in which negative automatic thoughts and anxiety sensitivity were hypothesized to mediate the relationship between perfectionism cognitions and depressive and anxiety symptoms. Participants: Participants were undergraduate students from an urban Canadian university. The data were collected from…

Pirbaglou, Meysam; Cribbie, Robert; Irvine, Jane; Radhu, Natasha; Vora, Khushboo; Ritvo, Paul

2013-01-01

18

Increased automatic spreading of activation in thought-disordered schizophrenic patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on semantic priming in schizophrenia has produced conflicting findings. While several studies provided evidence for an enhanced cognitive spreading of activation in schizophrenia patients with formal thought disorder, other research has failed to replicate. The aim of the present study was to resolve some of the ambiguities in the literature. Thirty-two schizophrenic patients (12 with and 20 without

Steffen Moritz; Todd S. Woodward; Daniela Kuppers; Alexandra Lausen; Marc Schickel

2002-01-01

19

Predictors of Change Following Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Children with Anxiety Problems: A Preliminary Investigation on Negative Automatic Thoughts and Anxiety Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate negative automatic thoughts and anxiety control as predictors of change produced by cognitive-behavioral treatment of youths with anxiety disorders. Forty-five high-anxious children aged between 9 and 12 years who were selected from the primary school population, received a standardized CBT…

Muris, Peter; Mayer, Birgit; den Adel, Madelon; Roos, Tamara; van Wamelen, Julie

2009-01-01

20

Achievement Goal Orientations and Self Handicapping as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Intrinsic Achievement Motivation and Negative Automatic Thoughts in Adolescence Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to examine the mediator and moderator role of self-handicapping and achievement goal orientations variables on the relationship between negative automatic thoughts intrinsic achievement motivation in high school students. 586 high school students, ranging in age from 14 to 20 (M = 16.08), adolescence students…

Kapikiran, Sahin

2012-01-01

21

Automatic single questionnaire intensity (SQI, EMS98 scale) estimation using ranking models built on the existing BCSF database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In charge of intensity estimations in France, BCSF has collected and manually analyzed more than 47000 online individual macroseismic questionnaires since 2000 up to intensity VI. These macroseismic data allow us to estimate one SQI value (Single Questionnaire Intensity) for each form following the EMS98 scale. The reliability of the automatic intensity estimation is important as they are today used for automatic shakemaps communications and crisis management. Today, the automatic intensity estimation at BCSF is based on the direct use of thumbnails selected on a menu by the witnesses. Each thumbnail corresponds to an EMS-98 intensity value, allowing us to quickly issue an intensity map of the communal intensity by averaging the SQIs at each city. Afterwards an expert, to determine a definitive SQI, manually analyzes each form. This work is time consuming and not anymore suitable considering the increasing number of testimonies at BCSF. Nevertheless, it can take into account incoherent answers. We tested several automatic methods (USGS algorithm, Correlation coefficient, Thumbnails) (Sira et al. 2013, IASPEI) and compared them with 'expert' SQIs. These methods gave us medium score (between 50 to 60% of well SQI determined and 35 to 40% with plus one or minus one intensity degree). The best fit was observed with the thumbnails. Here, we present new approaches based on 3 statistical ranking methods as 1) Multinomial logistic regression model, 2) Discriminant analysis DISQUAL and 3) Support vector machines (SVMs). The two first methods are standard methods, while the third one is more recent. Theses methods could be applied because the BCSF has already in his database more then 47000 forms and because their questions and answers are well adapted for a statistical analysis. The ranking models could then be used as automatic method constrained on expert analysis. The performance of the automatic methods and the reliability of the estimated SQI can be evaluated thanks to the fact that each definitive BCSF SQIs is determined by an expert analysis. We compare the SQIs obtained by these methods from our database and discuss the coherency and variations between automatic and manual processes. These methods lead to high scores with up to 85% of the forms well classified and most of the remaining forms classified with only a shift of one intensity degree. This allows us to use the ranking methods as the best automatic methods to fast SQIs estimation and to produce fast shakemaps. The next step, to improve the use of these methods, will be to identify explanations for the forms not classified at the correct value and a way to select the few remaining forms that should be analyzed by the expert. Note that beyond intensity VI, on-line questionnaires are insufficient and a field survey is indispensable to estimate intensity. For such survey, in France, BCSF leads a macroseismic intervention group (GIM).

Schlupp, A.; Sira, C.; Schmitt, K.; Schaming, M.

2013-12-01

22

The Believability of Anxious Feelings and Thoughts Questionnaire (BAFT): A Psychometric Evaluation of Cognitive Fusion in a Nonclinical and Highly Anxious Community Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive fusion--or the tendency to buy into the literal meaning of thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations--plays an important role in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders and figures prominently in third-generation behavior therapies such as acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Nonetheless, there is a lack of validated…

Herzberg, Kristin N.; Sheppard, Sean C.; Forsyth, John P.; Crede, Marcus; Earleywine, Mitch; Eifert, Georg H.

2012-01-01

23

Thoughts provoked by pain.  

PubMed

Despite the growing interest in the cognitive component of chronic pain, little information has been collected on the variety of thoughts provoked by pain experience. A new assessment instrument (the Cognitive Evaluative Questionnaire--CEQ) has been utilized with 127 chronic pain patients and their cognitions classified into seven discrete clusters. The results confirm the heterogeneity of pain cognitions, the majority of which are likely to play a role in enhancing or perpetuating chronic pain. The relationship of these cognitions to chronic avoidance behavior is discussed. PMID:2775158

Philips, H C

1989-01-01

24

Preanesthesia Questionnaire  

MedlinePLUS

... this questionnaire accurately and completely. Patient Name ___________________________________________________ Age _________ Weight _______ Height _________ Date _____________ Allergies _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Current Medications (Prescription and Non-Prescription -- ...

25

Desegregation Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 47-item questionnaire is designed to measure the examinee's satisfaction or dissatisfaction with various situations occurring in desegregated schools. Administration instructions and a breakdown of the questionnaire into categories and items is included. No field testing has been done. (See also TM 000 940 for a description of the study and…

Mullen, David J.

26

Thought suppression and psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wegner's seminal investigations of effects of thought suppression on later thought frequency have had a significant impact on recent approaches to understanding emotional disorders characterized by the occurrence of persistent, repetitive, unwanted thoughts. Thought suppression has now been implicated as a etiological and\\/or maintaining factor in depression, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, posttraumatic stress disorder and obsessive–compulsive disorder. These developments

Christine Purdon

1999-01-01

27

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

28

The Association between Thoughts of Defecation and Thoughts of Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies were conducted examining the relationship between thoughts of defecation and thoughts of death. In Study 1 and Study 3 it was found that making thoughts of feces salient reduced the accessibility of death thoughts. In Study 2 it was found that making thoughts of death salient decreased the accessibility of feces thoughts. It is…

Dunkel, Curtis S.

2009-01-01

29

Television-Evoked Thoughts and Their Relation to Comprehension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies of thoughts in relation to viewing of expository television programs are presented. In one study, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 subjects immediately after watching a program about acid pollution of the environment. In the other study, 62 subjects answered a questionnaire in writing after watching a program about natural science. Comprehension as well as thoughts were measured

BIRGITTA HÖIJER

1989-01-01

30

Neural correlates of thought suppression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present report used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine the neural correlates of thought suppression. Subjects were imaged while alternately (i) attempting to suppress a particular thought, (ii) attempting to suppress all thoughts, or (iii) thinking freely about any thought. Suppression of a particular thought, when compared to the free-thought control condition, revealed greater activation in the anterior

Carrie L. Wyland; William M. Kelley; C. Neil Macrae; Heather L. Gordon; Todd F. Heatherton

2003-01-01

31

[Language and thought].  

PubMed

Mixing, however briefly, with aphasic subjects is sufficient to show that though survives language alterations. Everyone's experience of forgetting proper names and common nouns clearly shows that concepts outlive words. Analyzing puns and allusions also reveals that the meaning of a word depends on a context of signification which may or may not be supplied verbally. Studying thought without language in both animals and infants provides evidence not only that language facilitates the exercise of cognitive functions but also that the initial progress facilitates the exercise of cognitive functions but also that the initial progress made by children is not related to language but to brain maturation. Dealing with the question of right hemisphere performance in patients with a brain split by callosotomy demonstrates, better than anything else, that each position taken on this question is underlain by philosophical presuppositions. In contradistinction with philosophies derived from that of Wittgenstein and from logical positivism and functionalist cognitivist theories, the author argues that all we know is through and within our thought, that all we say is thought and that, consequently, no scientific, philosophical, poetical or other discourse is able to apprehend or restrain thought. Thought extends far beyond language, including scientific language. PMID:1901174

Laplane, D

1991-01-11

32

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

33

Introduction Basic thoughts  

E-print Network

is better? Why datasets without known truth? 1. Introduction IFCS task force for cluster benchmarking (Nema truth. Christian Hennig Measurement of quality in cluster analysis #12;Introduction Basic thoughts truth? Which clustering is better? (Old faithful geyser data) -2 -1 0 1 2 -2-101 mclust waiting duration

Hennig, Christian

34

Coping with Suicidal Thoughts  

MedlinePLUS

... t see a way out. The things that cause this type of pain are different for everyone. Even though it may feel like your pain will never end, know that thoughts of suicide often are caused by a treatable health problem, such as depression. Depression is a serious medical condition that changes ...

35

Thought and language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since it was introduced to the English-speaking world in 1962, Lev Vygotsky's highly original exploration of human mental development has become recognized as a classic foundational work of cognitive science. Vygotsky analyzes the relationship between words and consciousness, arguing that speech is social in its origins and that only as children develop does it become internalized verbal thought.Now Alex Kozulin

L. Vygotsky

1986-01-01

36

Tom Houlton Bearded Thoughts  

E-print Network

Tom Houlton Bearded Thoughts Beards seem to be out of fashion nowadays-- The domain of eccentric by it was the fashion, Sweeney did bad business. You can tell a lot about a man from his beard, so I'm told; His wonders from a bygone age Of yellow Victorian tobacco-stains upon the creamy-white Bernard Shaw

Robertson, Stephen

37

Appendix B: Questionnaire B1: Questionnaire  

E-print Network

Appendix B: Questionnaire B1: Questionnaire #12;Do not write in this space To protect your child many children and adults currently live in the child's household? #12;12a. Please enter the number of children within each given age range that currently reside with the study child. Children 0-3 years old 4

38

The neural basis of unwanted thoughts during resting state.  

PubMed

Human beings are constantly engaged in thought. Sometimes thoughts occur repetitively and can become distressing. Up to now the neural bases of these intrusive or unwanted thoughts is largely unexplored. To study the neural correlates of unwanted thoughts, we acquired resting-state fMRI data of 41 female healthy subjects and assessed the self-reported amount of unwanted thoughts during measurement. We analyzed local connectivity by means of regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity of a seed region. More unwanted thoughts (state) were associated with lower ReHo in right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and higher ReHo in left striatum (putamen). Additional seed-based analysis revealed higher functional connectivity of the left striatum with left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) in participants reporting more unwanted thoughts. The state-dependent higher connectivty in left striatum was positively correlated with rumination assessed with a dedicated questionnaire focussing on trait aspects. Unwanted thoughts are associated with activity in the fronto-striatal brain circuitry. The reduction of local connectivity in DLPFC could reflect deficiencies in thought suppression processes, whereas the hightened activity in left striatum could imply an imbalance of gating mechanisms housed in basal ganglia. Its functional connectivity to left IFG is discussed as the result of thought-related speech processes. PMID:23929943

Kühn, Simone; Vanderhasselt, Marie-Anne; De Raedt, Rudi; Gallinat, Jürgen

2014-09-01

39

On second thought: Low-effort thought promotes hierarchy values  

E-print Network

Values are associated with political attitudes and political conservatism is promoted with low-effort thought. Does low-effort thought similarly promote the conservative value of hierarchy while reducing the value of ...

Van Berkel, Laura Danielle

2013-05-31

40

Food for thought.  

PubMed

Do certain kinds of food contain pharmacologically active substances in concentrations that are high enough to have druglike effects when consumed? Are biologically active compounds in food indicative of therapeutic value? Is traditional drug development suitable for testing the merits of food? Is it ethical to test food as a drug on patients? Will dietary disease management remain a pipedream? Is it a fact or fantasy that the Mediterranean diet is beneficial to health? Is a vegetarian diet an elimination therapy, or one of supplementation? What can be learned from animals? Are humans losing the capability of listening to their bodies? In this review, we will address these questions--providing food for thought. PMID:17129831

Tulp, Martin; Bruhn, Jan G; Bohlin, Lars

2006-12-01

41

Fear of Spiders Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ), an 18-item self-report questionnaire assessing spider phobia, was developed in an attempt to complement the information provided by the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). Data obtained from 338 undergraduates revealed that the FSQ was able to discriminate phobics from nonphobics, and indicated decrements in phobic responding from pretest to posttest following cognitive therapy. Test-retest data,

Jeff Szymanski; William O'Donohue

1995-01-01

42

Automatic Imitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Automatic imitation" is a type of stimulus-response compatibility effect in which the topographical features of task-irrelevant action stimuli facilitate similar, and interfere with dissimilar, responses. This article reviews behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging research on automatic imitation, asking in what sense it is "automatic

Heyes, Cecilia

2011-01-01

43

Behavioral questionnairesField implementation  

E-print Network

at risk for HIV: MSM, PWID and FSW. These standardized questionnaires are a resource for countries standardized behavioral questionnaires for MSM, PWID and FSW which can be utilized for implementing behavioral. Contents FSW questionnaire ........................................375 MSM questionnaire

Mullins, Dyche

44

Henry County School Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 14-item questionnaire was designed to measure parent opinion regarding the effect of integration on third grade pupils in Henry County Schools. The questionnaire is not standardized, and field testing has been on a small scale. (See also TM 000 940 for a description of the study, and 942, 943 for the desegregation and school integration…

Goolsby, Thomas M., Jr.; Frary, Robert B.

45

Parental rearing and transient thought disorder in young adults.  

PubMed

85 students and 72 medical and surgical patients, aged between 16 and 24, and 48 mature-aged clerical and executive workers, aged between 29 and 60, were administered a written version of a scale measuring transient thought disorder, the Eysenck personality questionnaire and the EMBU questionnaire on parental rearing methods. It was found that there were differences between samples on frequency of depersonalisation, and that a majority of the young adult sample had had two or more depersonalisation experiences. Those who had experienced the greater degree of transient thought disorder had had fathers who were more intolerant, unaffectionate and unstimulating, and mothers who were more intolerant, unstimulating and rejecting. Transient thought disorder was related significantly to both psychoticism and particularly to neuroticism on the EPQ in the young, but not the mature adult, sample. It is suggested that it arises as a function of remote and uninvolved parents and is related to uncertainty about identity. PMID:6701262

Clayer, J R; Campbell, R L; Ross, M W

1984-01-01

46

Questionnaire number ...... Scientific heads  

E-print Network

to make your choices as sincerely as possible. To encourage you to answer the questions as thoughtfully and sincerely as you can, we have introduced a payment procedure which makes sincerity the best attitude, namely

Boyer, Edmond

47

Questionnaire number ....... Scientific heads  

E-print Network

to make your choices as sincerely as possible. To encourage you to answer the questions as thoughtfully and sincerely as you can, we have introduced a payment procedure which makes sincerity the best attitude, namely

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

48

Questionnaire for Evaluation Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a 20-item, three part questionnaire designed to measure knowledge of decision-making and evaluation on the part of participants in a training program on planning and evaluation. Part of TM 001 078. (DLG)

Radcliffe, Vickey W.; Colgan, Francis E.

49

Writing a Questionnaire Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines a plan to provide practice in writing questionnaire reports. Teaches students: (1) how to know what report format is appropriate; (2) how to interpret and present statistical data; and (3) what recommendations to make, if any. (RAE)

Spring, Marietta

1988-01-01

50

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

51

Bon Mots for Bad Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article questions how the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze has been received and connected to the field of curriculum theory. In an effort to reconnect Deleuze-thought to its political force, this essay commences a series of arguments pertaining to the ways in which the revolutionary thought of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari have been…

Wallin, Jason J.

2012-01-01

52

Thought Experiments: Determining Their Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers thought experiment as a special scientific tool that mediates between theory and experiment by mental simulation. To clarify the meaning of thought experiment, as required in teaching science, we followed the relevant episodes throughout the history of science paying attention to the epistemological status of the performed…

Galili, Igal

2009-01-01

53

In Defence of Thought Stopping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thought stopping (TS) has a long and established history as an effective mental control technique among the cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT). Recent claims have arisen, particularly from acceptance and mindfulness-based authors, that thought suppression--and therefore TS--is counterproductive. These claims take the syllogistic form: TS is a…

Bakker, Gary Maria

2009-01-01

54

The Roles of Negative Career Thoughts and Sense of Coherence in Predicting Career Decision Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between sense of coherence and negative career thoughts was investigated in a non-college-based population to determine the relationship and predictive value of these factors toward career decision status. Participants completed the Orientation to Life Questionnaire, Career Thoughts Inventory, and Career Decision Profile's…

Austin, R. Kirk; Dahl, A. Dennis; Wagner, Bruce D.

2010-01-01

55

Life time suicidal thoughts in an urban community in Hanoi, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Suicidal thought is a risk factor and a stage in the suicidal process from planning to attempting and dying by suicide. To date, studies on suicidal thought in the general population, especially in Asian communities, have been limited. METHOD: The WHO SUPRE-MISS (the multisite intervention study on suicidal behaviours) community survey questionnaire was filled in for 2,280 randomly selected

Huong Tran Thi Thanh; Trung Nam Tran; Guo-Xin Jiang; Antoon Leenaars; Danuta Wasserman

2006-01-01

56

Impulsivity and Intrusive Thoughts: Related Manifestations of Self-Control Difficulties?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impulsive behaviors and intrusive thoughts are prominent in psychopathology. Two studies were conducted to explore their relationships.\\u000a In Study 1, 250 participants completed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale and the Thought Control Ability Questionnaire (TCAQ).\\u000a In Study 2 involving a sample of 97 female students, the relations between impulsivity and different types of thought control\\u000a difficulties were examined. Both negative

Philippe GayRalph; Ralph E. Schmidt; Martial Van der Linden

2011-01-01

57

Thought Suppression and Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors  

PubMed Central

This study proposes and tests a theoretical model suggesting that the propensity to suppress unwanted thoughts is associated with an increased presence and frequency of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITB). In the model, propensity to suppress unwanted thoughts is hypothesized to be a cognitive mediator of the relationship between emotional reactivity and SITB, and is expected to be related to the extent to which SITB is initiated to escape from aversive emotions. Results of this cross-sectional study of adolescents (N = 87) revealed that the self-reported propensity to suppress unwanted thoughts is associated with the presence and frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts. Furthermore, thought suppression partially mediates the relationship between emotional reactivity and the frequency of NSSI and suicidal ideation. Finally, adolescents with a higher tendency to suppress unwanted thoughts report engaging in NSSI in order to reduce aversive emotions rather than for social communication. Results are discussed within the framework of the negative reinforcement function of SITB. PMID:17074302

Najmi, Sadia; Wegner, Daniel M.; Nock, Matthew K.

2007-01-01

58

The Preschool Behavior Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

In summary, the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire was developed as a screening instrument for use by preschool teachers, providing norms for children, ages 3–6. During the 34-month period since its publication in late 1974, the scale has been used to a considerable extent in the screening of young children. Those who have used the scale evaluate it highly. However, the variations

Lenore B. Behar

1977-01-01

59

Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Diet History Questionnaire Today's date: MONTH DAY YEAR |___|___| 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 01 Jan 02 Feb 03 Mar 04 Apr 05 May 06 Jun 07 Jul 08 Aug 09 Sep 10 Oct 11 Nov 12

60

Exaggerated, mispredicted, and misplaced: when "it's the thought that counts" in gift exchanges.  

PubMed

Gift-giving involves both the objective value of a gift and the symbolic meaning of the exchange. The objective value is sometimes considered of secondary importance as when people claim, "It's the thought that counts." We evaluated when and how mental state inferences count in gift exchanges. Because considering another's thoughts requires motivation and deliberation, we predicted gift givers' thoughts would increase receivers' appreciation only when triggered to consider a giver's thoughts, such as when a friend gives a bad gift. Because gift givers do not experience this trigger, we expected they would mispredict when their thoughts count and when they do not. Three experiments support these predictions. A final experiment demonstrated that thoughts "count" for givers by increasing social connection to the receiver. These results suggest that mental state inferences are not automatic in social interactions and that inferences about how much thoughts count are systematically miscalibrated. PMID:22774790

Zhang, Yan; Epley, Nicholas

2012-11-01

61

Validation of a questionnaire on medical drug use during pregnancy.  

PubMed

The validity of a questionnaire on medical drug use during pregnancy was tested against information collected 7 years previously (in 1983-1984) at the University Hospital of Nijmegen, the Netherlands. The study population consisted of women with high-risk pregnancies. The sensitivity for drug categories varied between 0% and 80%. The sensitivity was highest for drugs used during labor (77%) and was extremely low (0%) for some drug categories. Personal characteristics thought to influence the sensitivity, such as parity of the mother and method of data collection (postal questionnaire or personal interview), showed no statistically significant effect. The newly developed questionnaire needs further improvement. PMID:1951298

de Jong, P C; Huijsmans, A A; Nienhuis, H E; Nijdam, W S; Zielhuis, G A; Eskes, T K

1991-11-01

62

Automatic imitation.  

PubMed

"Automatic imitation" is a type of stimulus-response compatibility effect in which the topographical features of task-irrelevant action stimuli facilitate similar, and interfere with dissimilar, responses. This article reviews behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging research on automatic imitation, asking in what sense it is "automatic" and whether it is "imitation." This body of research reveals that automatic imitation is a covert form of imitation, distinct from spatial compatibility. It also indicates that, although automatic imitation is subject to input modulation by attentional processes, and output modulation by inhibitory processes, it is mediated by learned, long-term sensorimotor associations that cannot be altered directly by intentional processes. Automatic imitation provides an important tool for the investigation of the mirror neuron system, motor mimicry, and complex forms of imitation. It is a new behavioral phenomenon, comparable with the Stroop and Simon effects, providing strong evidence that even healthy adult humans are prone, in an unwilled and unreasoned way, to copy the actions of others. PMID:21280938

Heyes, Cecilia

2011-05-01

63

The Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire: validation of the English translation.  

PubMed

This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire (CAQ; Gosselin, P., Langlois, F., Freeston, M. H., Ladouceur, R., Dugas, M. J., & Pelletier, O. (2002). Le Questionnaire d'évitement cognitif (QEC): Développement et validation auprès d'adultes et d'adolescents [The Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire (CAQ): Development and validation among adult and adolescent samples]. Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive, 12, 24-37) English translation. Questionnaires were administered to a sample of 456 (65.3% female; mean age=23.13 years, S.D.=5.18 years) undergraduate students at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada. The CAQ assesses five worry-related cognitive avoidance strategies, namely Thought Suppression, Thought Substitution, Distraction, Avoidance of Threatening Stimuli, and the Transformation of Images into Thoughts. The CAQ scale and subscales showed good to excellent internal consistency and good stability over a 5-week period. A confirmatory factor analysis found support for the proposed subscales, though the overall goodness-of-fit was lower than expected. Preliminary evidence of convergent and divergent validity was found with measures of worry, thought suppression, and dispositional coping styles. The relationship between the CAQ and specific dispositional coping styles, however, was dependent on the context of the situation in which the information-seeking and information-avoidant coping strategies were employed. Specifically, the CAQ was negatively correlated with vigilance in controllable situations and positively correlated with both information-avoidance in controllable situations and information-seeking in uncontrollable situations. PMID:17544253

Sexton, Kathryn A; Dugas, Michel J

2008-01-01

64

[Dispositional mindfulness modulates automatic transference of disgust into moral judgment].  

PubMed

Previous studies showed that incidental feelings of disgust could make moral judgments more severe. In the present study, we investigated whether individual differences in mindfulness modulated automatic transference of disgust into moral judgment. Undergraduates were divided into high- and low-mindfulness groups based on the mean score on each subscale of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). Participants were asked to write about a disgusting experience or an emotionally neutral experience, and then to evaluate moral (impersonal vs. high-conflict personal) and non-moral scenarios. The results showed that the disgust induction made moral judgments more severe for the low "acting with awareness" participants, whereas it did not influence the moral judgments of the high "acting with awareness" participants irrespective of type of moral dilemma. The other facets of the FFMQ did not modulate the effect of disgust on moral judgment. These findings suggest that being present prevents automatic transference of disgust into moral judgment even when prepotent emotions elicited by the thought of killing one person to save several others and utilitarian reasoning conflict. PMID:24669501

Sato, Atsushi; Sugiura, Yoshinori

2014-02-01

65

Language, Thought and Memory in Linguistic Performance, A Thought View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contrasting views of Saussure and Bloomfield ("mentalist" versus "mechanist"), the hypotheses of Whorf showing the influence of language on certain habits of thought, and Chomsky's notion of generative transformational grammar in the context of language use are reviewed. The author notes the limits of these systems and suggests that in dealing…

Lado, Robert

66

Paradoxical effects of thought suppression  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a first experiment, subjects verbalizing the stream of consciousness for a 5-min period were asked to try not to think of a white bear, but to ring a bell in case they did. As indicated both by mentions and by bell rings, they were unable to suppress the thought as instructed. On being asked after this suppression task to

Daniel M. Wegner; David J. Schneider; Samuel R. Carter III; Teri L. White

1987-01-01

67

Constructive and Unconstructive Repetitive Thought  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews research showing that repetitive thought (RT) can have constructive or unconstructive consequences. The main unconstructive consequences of RT are (a) depression, (b) anxiety, and (c) difficulties in physical health. The main constructive consequences of RT are (a) recovery from upsetting and traumatic events, (b) adaptive…

Watkins, Edward R.

2008-01-01

68

Multimedia in Education: Thought Pieces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six "thought pieces" presented in this document summarize the personal perspectives of conference participants on issues raised in formal or information discussions, but not part of the central themes of the conference or conference papers. They include: (1) "Assuming That..." (Anne Nicol, Apple Computer, Inc.); (2) "A Layered Theory of Design…

Nicol, Anne; And Others

1986-01-01

69

Flexibility in Language and Thought  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many words can be used flexibly: a book can be physically heavy, but also have provocative content, a "chicken" might live in a coop, but could also be tasty to eat. What do the uses of "polysemous" words such as these reveal about the structure of language and thought? Paper 1 examined 4-year-old children's representations of polysemous words…

Srinivasan, Mahesh

2011-01-01

70

Gramscian Thought and Brazilian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the history of Brazilian education, it is only since the 1980s, during the redemocratization of Brazil, that proposals for public education in a socialist perspective have been presented. The past two decades have been marked by a growing interest in Gramscian thought, mainly in the educational field, making possible the elaboration of…

Dore, Rosemary

2009-01-01

71

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

72

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

SciTech Connect

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

73

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a measure of Autism symptomatology. Moreover, it exhibited good internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. The TEQ is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for the assessment of empathy. PMID:19085285

Spreng, R. Nathan; McKinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

2008-01-01

74

Brief report: The use of self-report measures in young people with autism spectrum disorder to access symptoms of anxiety, depression and negative thoughts.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were two-fold; firstly, to investigate whether self-report measures are useful and reflect parent-reported psychiatric symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and secondly, to investigate whether children with ASD are able to access and report their cognitions, a prerequisite skill for cognitive behavior therapies. Thirty children with ASD and 21 comparison children without ASD completed the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale and the Children's Depression Inventory, with parents completing the parent version of both questionnaires. Intraclass correlations revealed that there was good agreement between ASD children and their parents on both measures, but only on the depression measure in non-ASD children. The children in both groups also completed the Children's Automatic Thoughts Questionnaires; multiple regression analyses indicated that within the ASD group, child-rated scores on the CATS questionnaire were positively related to increased self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression, but not in the comparison group, suggesting that children with ASD are able to accurately report their anxious and depressed cognitions. The implications of these results for both the practice and theory of CBT for children with ASD are discussed. PMID:24014195

Ozsivadjian, Ann; Hibberd, Charlotte; Hollocks, Matthew J

2014-04-01

75

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

76

ATBC Study - Questionnaires and Forms  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Home Contact Us Links Study Details Questionnaires & Forms Current Projects ATBC Study Bibliography Study Investigators & Collaborators Proposal Review & Collaboration Research Consortium Projects Questionnaires & Forms Baseline

77

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Cancer.gov

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

78

Diet History Questionnaire: International Applications  

Cancer.gov

ARP staff adapted the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) for use by Canadian populations in collaboration with the Alberta Cancer Board. This questionnaire takes into account the different food fortification polices of the US and Canada.

79

Revealing Relations between Open and Closed Answers in Questionnaires through Text Clustering Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open answers in questionnaires contain valuable information that is very time-consuming to analyze manually. We present a method for hypothesis generation from questionnaires based on text clustering. Text clustering is used interactively on the open answers, and the user can explore the cluster contents. The exploration is guided by automatic evaluation of the clusters against a closed answer regarded as

Magnus Rosell; Sumithra Velupillai

2008-01-01

80

School of Informatics Course Questionnaire  

E-print Network

School of Informatics Course Questionnaire The School of Informatics welcomes constructive comments Organisation office on Appleton Tower level 4. If you prefer, you can also complete this questionnaire online: http://www.inf.ed.ac.uk/admin/ITO/questionnaires You can also provide feedback directly to your

Koehn, Philipp

81

Constructive and Unconstructive Repetitive Thought  

PubMed Central

The author reviews research showing that repetitive thought (RT) can have constructive or unconstructive consequences. The main unconstructive consequences of RT are (a) depression, (b) anxiety, and (c) difficulties in physical health. The main constructive consequences of RT are (a) recovery from upsetting and traumatic events, (b) adaptive preparation and anticipatory planning, (c) recovery from depression, and (d) uptake of health-promoting behaviors. Several potential principles accounting for these distinct consequences of RT are identified within this review: (a) the valence of thought content, (b) the intrapersonal and situational context in which RT occurs, and (c) the level of construal (abstract vs. concrete processing) adopted during RT. Of the existing models of RT, it is proposed that an elaborated version of the control theory account provides the best theoretical framework to account for its distinct consequences. PMID:18298268

Watkins, Edward R.

2008-01-01

82

Realisation of Hardy's Thought Experiment  

E-print Network

We present an experimental realisation of Hardy's thought experiment [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 68}, 2981 (1992)], using photons. The experiment consists of a pair of Mach-Zehnder interferometers that interact through photon bunching at a beam splitter. A striking contradiction is created between the predictions of quantum mechanics and local hidden variable based theories. The contradiction relies on non-maximally entangled position states of two particles.

William T. M. Irvine; Juan F. Hodelin; Christoph Simon; Dirk Bouwmeester

2004-10-20

83

The Schema Questionnaire—Short Form: Factor Analysis and Relationship Between Schemas and Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original version of the Schema Questionnaire was developed by Young to measure early maladaptive schemas. These maladaptive schemas are thought to be important in the development and maintenance of psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety and depression. Factor analytic research with this 205-item version of the Schema Questionnaire has supported the schemas proposed by Young. The Schema Questionnaire—Short Form (SQ-SF)

Ken Welburn; Marjorie Coristine; Paul Dagg; Amanda Pontefract; Shelley Jordan

2002-01-01

84

Aging and Repeated Thought Suppression Success  

PubMed Central

Intrusive thoughts and attempts to suppress them are common, but while suppression may be effective in the short-term, it can increase thought recurrence in the long-term. Because intentional suppression involves controlled processing, and many aspects of controlled processing decline with age, age differences in thought suppression outcomes may emerge, especially over repeated thought suppression attempts as cognitive resources are expended. Using multilevel modeling, we examined age differences in reactions to thought suppression attempts across four thought suppression sequences in 40 older and 42 younger adults. As expected, age differences were more prevalent during suppression than during free monitoring periods, with younger adults indicating longer, more frequent thought recurrences and greater suppression difficulty. Further, younger adults’ thought suppression outcomes changed over time, while trajectories for older adults’ were relatively stable. Results are discussed in terms of older adults’ reduced thought recurrence, which was potentially afforded by age-related changes in reactive control and distractibility. PMID:23776442

Lambert, Ann E.; Smyth, Frederick L.; Beadel, Jessica R.; Teachman, Bethany A.

2013-01-01

85

Neuroticism, Life Events and Negative Thoughts in the Development of Depression in Adolescent Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theories of depression suggest that cognitive and environmental factors may explain the relationship between personality and depression. This study tested such a model in early adolescence, incorporating neuroticism, stress-generation and negative automatic thoughts in the development of depressive symptoms. Participants (896 girls, mean age 12.3…

Kercher, Amy J.; Rapee, Ronald M.; Schniering, Carolyn A.

2009-01-01

86

DISABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire MUST be completed by the STUDENT.  

E-print Network

1 DISABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire MUST be completed by the STUDENT. Name: Date: Phone) Other: 7. Check any of the following campus resources you have used: Psychological Services Math Center/Drug Rehabilitation In-patient/Out-patient Psychiatric Care Private Counseling/Psychological Services Optometric

Gallo, Linda C.

87

Automatic stabilization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report concerns the study of automatic stabilizers and extends it to include the control of the three-control system of the airplane instead of just altitude control. Some of the topics discussed include lateral disturbed motion, static stability, the mathematical theory of lateral motion, and large angles of incidence. Various mechanisms and stabilizers are also discussed. The feeding of Diesel engines by injection pumps actuated by engine compression, achieves the required high speeds of injection readily and permits rigorous control of the combustible charge introduced into each cylinder and of the peak pressure in the resultant cycle.

Haus, FR

1936-01-01

88

Paper to Electronic Questionnaires: Effects on Structured Questionnaire Forms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the use of computers, paper questionnaires are being replaced by electronic questionnaires. The formats of traditional paper questionnaires have been found to effect a subject's rating. Consequently, the transition from paper to electronic format can subtly change results. The research presented begins to determine how electronic questionnaire formats change subjective ratings. For formats where subjects used a flow chart to arrive at their rating, starting at the worst and middle ratings of the flow charts were the most accurate but subjects took slightly more time to arrive at their answers. Except for the electronic paper format, starting at the worst rating was the most preferred. The paper and electronic paper versions had the worst accuracy. Therefore, for flowchart type of questionnaires, flowcharts should start at the worst rating and work their way up to better ratings.

Trujillo, Anna C.

2009-01-01

89

Thought ISSN 2161-2234 ORIGINAL ARTICLE  

E-print Network

re thought potential. However, jumping spiders (genus Portia) can identify and stalk their prey such as size and shape that allow for identification of the prey. Jumping spiders can see but there is room for doubt about whether jumping spiders have any capacity for thought or judgment, including de re thought

Block, Ned

90

School Integration Questionnaire for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 40-item questionnaire intends to measure parent opinion on the effects of integration on their children and the school system. A recommended letter to parents is included. No field testing has been done. (See also TM 000 940 for a description of the study and 941, 942 for other questionnaires used.) (DLG)

Goolsby, Thomas M., Jr.; And Others

91

JOB EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE ANSWER SHEET  

E-print Network

JOB EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE ANSWER SHEET DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE N.C. Date Received Reclass New Starting Date in Class Yes No NA (NA if Temporary Job) Notice # Effective Date If Reclassified IS TO BE USED WITH THE JOB EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE (BA 802) ONLY FOR POSITIONS COVERED BY CIVIL SERVICE

Amin, S. Massoud

92

The (perceived) meaning of spontaneous thoughts.  

PubMed

Spontaneous thoughts, the output of a broad category of uncontrolled and inaccessible higher order mental processes, arise frequently in everyday life. The seeming randomness by which spontaneous thoughts arise might give people good reason to dismiss them as meaningless. We suggest that it is precisely the lack of control over and access to the processes by which they arise that leads people to perceive spontaneous thoughts as revealing meaningful self-insight. Consequently, spontaneous thoughts potently influence judgment. A series of experiments provides evidence supporting two hypotheses. First, we hypothesize that the more a thought is perceived to be spontaneous, the more it is perceived to provide meaningful self-insight. Participants perceived more spontaneous kinds of thought (e.g., intuition) to reveal greater self-insight than did more controlled kinds of thought in Study 1 (e.g., deliberation). In Studies 2 and 3, participants perceived thoughts with the same content and target to reveal greater self-insight when spontaneously rather than deliberately generated (i.e., childhood memories and impressions formed). Second, we hypothesize that the greater self-insight attributed to thoughts that are (perceived to be) spontaneous leads those thoughts to more potently influence judgment. Participants felt more sexually attracted to an attractive person whom they thought of spontaneously than deliberately in Study 4, and reported their commitment to a current romantic relationship would be more affected by the spontaneous rather than deliberate recollection of a good or bad experience with their romantic partner in Study 5. PMID:24820251

Morewedge, Carey K; Giblin, Colleen E; Norton, Michael I

2014-08-01

93

Impact of Virtual Reality on Young Adults' Physiological Arousal and Aggressive Thoughts: Interaction versus Observation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared to college students who only watched a violent virtual reality game, those who played the game exhibited a higher heart rate after the game, reported more dizziness and nausea during the game, and exhibited more aggressive thoughts on a posttest questionnaire. Results suggest support for arousal and cognitive, but not psychoanalytic,…

Calvert, Sandra L.; Tan, Siu-Lan

1994-01-01

94

Some thoughts on Mercurian resources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Virtually all scenarios on Solar System development ignore Mercury, but such inattention is probably undeserved. Once viable lunar and (probably) asteroidal facilities are established in the next century, Mercury warrants further investigation. Mercury's high solar energy density is a major potential advantage for space-based industries. Indeed, despite its higher gravity, Mercury is roughly twice as easy to leave as the Moon if the additional solar flux is taken into account. Moreover, with solar-driven technologies such as solar sails or electric propulsion, its depth in the Sun's gravity well is less important. Because Mercury is airless and almost certainly waterless, it will be an obvious place to export lunar technology, which will have been developed to deal with very similar conditions. Methods for extracting resources from anhydrous silicates will be particularly germane. Even without solar-powered propulsion, the discovery of low-delta-V access via multiple Venus and Earth encounters makes the planet easier to reach than had been thought. Technology developed for multi-year missions to asteroids and Mars should be readily adaptable to such Mercurian missions. Mercury will not be our first outpost in the Solar System. Nonetheless, as facilities are established in cis-Earth space, it probably merits attention as a next step for development.

Gillett, Stephen L.

1991-01-01

95

The Effects of Decision-Making Style and Cognitive Thought Patterns on Negative Career Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

People's thoughts and beliefs about themselves and their career options affect their ability to make decisions. Career counselors would benefit from knowing the factors that contribute to negative career thoughts. This study examined two unexplored factors that may affect the development and maintenance of negative career thoughts, decision-making styles and a ruminative thought pattern. Pearson product correlations and a multiple

Sheba Paivandy; Emily E. Bullock; Robert C. Reardon; F. Donald Kelly

2008-01-01

96

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

97

The Michigan data needs questionnaire  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The data needs questionnaire is an element in the project design study for the Michigan Resource Inventory Act and is aimed at gathering information on what inventory information is required by land use planners throughout the state. Analysis of questionnaire responses is discussed. Some information on current use categories was tabulated. The respondents selected a broad range of categories at all levels of detail. Those most frequently indicated were urban categories.

Hill-Rowley, R.

1981-01-01

98

Episodic repetitive thought: dimensions, correlates, and consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repetitive thought (RT) – attentive, prolonged, or frequent thought about oneself and one's world – plays an important role in many models of psychological and physical ill health (e.g., rumination and worry), as well as models of recovery and well-being (e.g., processing and reminiscing). In these models, repetitive thought is typically treated as stable or trait-like. In contrast, episodic RT

Suzanne C. Segerstrom; Annette L. Stanton; Sarah McQueary Flynn; Abbey R. Roach; Jamie J. Testa; Jaime K. Hardy

2011-01-01

99

Episodic repetitive thought: dimensions, correlates, and consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repetitive thought (RT) – attentive, prolonged, or frequent thought about oneself and one's world – plays an important role in many models of psychological and physical ill health (e.g., rumination and worry), as well as models of recovery and well-being (e.g., processing and reminiscing). In these models, repetitive thought is typically treated as stable or trait-like. In contrast, episodic RT

Suzanne C. Segerstrom; Annette L. Stanton; Sarah McQueary Flynn; Abbey R. Roach; Jamie J. Testa; Jaime K. Hardy

2012-01-01

100

Dream bizarreness and waking thought in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Dream diaries and reports of daytime waking thought were collected from five schizophrenia patients and matched controls. It was more difficult for blind judges to differentiate the patients' than the controls' dream reports from reports of waking thought, and patients reported shorter but more bizarre dreams than did the controls. PMID:20471693

Noreika, Valdas; Valli, Katja; Markkula, Juha; Seppälä, Katriina; Revonsuo, Antti

2010-08-15

101

Macromarketing as a Pillar of Marketing Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the appropriate centrality of the macromarketing perspective for the larger field of marketing scholarship. Eight topics are explored: (1) the treatment of the societal domain across the “Four Eras” of marketing thought development, (2) the recent trend to research specialization and an ensuing fragmentation of the mainstream of marketing thought, (3) the loss of knowledge and today's

William L. Wilkie; Elizabeth S. Moore

2006-01-01

102

The Developmental Dimensions of Recognizing Racist Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on understanding the developmental process that occurs when racist ideas are recognized as a part of college students' thought processes. Longitudinal data were collected from 29 Latino/a college students in order to illustrate how these students made meaning of racist thoughts when they began to recognize it. The framework of…

Torres, Vasti

2009-01-01

103

Dystopian Reality, Utopian Thought and Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The significance of utopian thought for education can be made evident through reconceptualizing utopia and approaching it alongside the notion of dystopia. Awareness of dystopian elements of reality radicalizes the kind of critique that assists utopian thought and makes engagement with it more pressing. Awareness of the lurking danger of future…

Papastephanou, Marianna

2008-01-01

104

Task unrelated thought whilst encoding information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Task unrelated thought (TUT) refers to thought directed away from the current situation, for example a daydream. Three experiments were conducted on healthy participants, with two broad aims. First, to contrast distributed and encapsulated views of cognition by comparing the encoding of categorical and random lists of words (Experiments One and Two). Second, to examine the consequences of experiencing TUT

Jonathan M. Smallwood; Simona F. Baracaia; Michelle Lowe; Marc Obonsawinb

2003-01-01

105

The Effects of Decision-Making Style and Cognitive Thought Patterns on Negative Career Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People's thoughts and beliefs about themselves and their career options affect their ability to make decisions. Career counselors would benefit from knowing the factors that contribute to negative career thoughts. This study examined two unexplored factors that may affect the development and maintenance of negative career thoughts, decision-making…

Paivandy, Sheba; Bullock, Emily E.; Reardon, Robert C.; Kelly, F. Donald

2008-01-01

106

Exit Interview Questionnaire Employee's Name  

E-print Network

: Termination Date: Reason for Departure: Resignation Retirement End of Contract Other Reason (specify) CouldExit Interview Questionnaire Employee's Name: Department/Unit: Position Title: Date Hired, Signature of Employee: Do you have any further comments or suggestions of a general nature? Comments

Oyet, Alwell

107

TIME MANAGEMENT Time Management Questionnaire  

E-print Network

TIME MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP #12;2 Time Management Questionnaire Self Assessment: Answer "Yes" or "No you tend to complete your assignments on time? 3. ____ Have you estimated how long it takes to read schedule time to study for exams? 8. ____ Do you have a job that requires more than 20 hours a week? 9

108

Double Shift Evaluation: Student Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 15-item student questionnaire is part of a study conducted in the Springfield, Illinois high schools to evaluate the double shift scheduling program instituted there. Students' reactions and opinions concerning the new scheduling technique are elicited by the forced-choice and open-ended items. See also TM 000 881-882, 884 for information on…

Springfield School District 186, IL.

109

Double Shift Evaluation: Parent Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 13-item parent questionnaire is part of a study conducted in the Springfield, Illinois high schools to evaluate the double shift scheduling program instituted there. Parents' reactions and opinions concerning the new scheduling technique are determined by a combination of forced-choice and open-ended questions. See also TM 000 881, 883-884…

Springfield School District 186, IL.

110

Double Shift Evaluation: Faculty Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 32-item faculty questionnaire is part of a study conducted in the Springfield, Illinois high schools to evaluate the double shift scheduling program instituted there. Teachers' reactions and opinions on the new scheduling technique are determined by the forced-choice and open-ended items. See also TM 000 881-883 for information on the study,…

Springfield School District 186, IL.

111

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Elderly Japanese (PAQ-EJ) 1 Over 7 typical days, how often did you take a walk or ride a bicycle on errands such as going to or from a store or taking children to school?

112

GEORGIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY EXIT QUESTIONNAIRE  

E-print Network

Exit Questionnaire to the attention of Karen Iler at kiler@georgiasouthern.edu or by mail at P.O. Box ­ seeking another opportunity ( ) Resigned ­ other ( ) Transfer to Affiliate ( ) Family circumstances ( ) Career opportunity ( ) Self-employment ( ) Seeking higher salary ( ) Transfer

Hutcheon, James M.

113

Questionnaire Research in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this paper is to discuss the survey as a research method based on three questionnaire surveys developed and administered in educational settings: (1) a survey exploring the status aspiration and gender awareness of undergraduate women completed by 62 respondents; (2) a survey of computer-assisted instruction completed by 111…

Inoue, Yukiko

114

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) 13 Do you do any moderate-intensity sports, fitness or recreational (leisure) activities that causes a small increase in breathing or heart rate such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, volleyball) for at least 10 minutes continuously?

115

The neural representation of intrusive thoughts  

PubMed Central

Based on the philosophical notion that language embodies thought we investigated whether a habitual tendency for intrusive thought that younger and older participants report over a period of 100 sessions, spread out over about 6 months, is associated with brain regions related to language production. In favour of this hypothesis, we found that individual differences in habitual intrusive thoughts are correlated with activity in the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG, Broca’s area) as well as the cingulate cortex (CC) during a two-choice reaction-time task in fMRI. Participants who habitually tended to experience intrusive thoughts showed greater activity during task-free (baseline) compared to task periods in brain regions involved in language production. Task performance was unrelated to individual differences in intrusive thoughts. We conclude that intrusive thoughts may be represented in a language-like format and that individuals reporting a habitually higher tendency for intrusive thoughts may have stronger and more habitual inner speech processes. PMID:22563007

Schmiedek, Florian; Brose, Annette; Schott, Bjorn H.; Lindenberger, Ulman; Lovden, Martin

2013-01-01

116

Automatic Software Test Drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Typical testing activities may involve many hundreds of tests. An automatic software test driver assists the tester by managing all of the test data, and automatically running the tests. Savings during regression testing can be significant.

David J. Panzl

1978-01-01

117

April 21, 2009 Thought Leadership and Innovation  

E-print Network

research, the new Ph.D. program, and alumni achievements, thought leadership is the driving force of our and credible. · The number of elderly Americans is rising rapidly, and providing them with quality care has

118

Low-effort thought promotes political conservatism.  

PubMed

The authors test the hypothesis that low-effort thought promotes political conservatism. In Study 1, alcohol intoxication was measured among bar patrons; as blood alcohol level increased, so did political conservatism (controlling for sex, education, and political identification). In Study 2, participants under cognitive load reported more conservative attitudes than their no-load counterparts. In Study 3, time pressure increased participants' endorsement of conservative terms. In Study 4, participants considering political terms in a cursory manner endorsed conservative terms more than those asked to cogitate; an indicator of effortful thought (recognition memory) partially mediated the relationship between processing effort and conservatism. Together these data suggest that political conservatism may be a process consequence of low-effort thought; when effortful, deliberate thought is disengaged, endorsement of conservative ideology increases. PMID:22427384

Eidelman, Scott; Crandall, Christian S; Goodman, Jeffrey A; Blanchar, John C

2012-06-01

119

Learning and the language of thought  

E-print Network

This thesis develops the hypothesis that key aspects of learning and development can be understood as rational statistical inferences over a compositionally structured representation system, a language of thought (LOT) ...

Piantadosi, Steven Thomas

2011-01-01

120

Parental rearing patterns and suicidal thoughts.  

PubMed

In an attempt to investigate the parental rearing patterns associated with presence of suicidal thoughts, a measure of child rearing patterns (EMBU) and the EPQ measure of personality dimensions were administered to 85 university students, 72 medical and surgical patients, and 125 employees of a state department, along with two questions tapping suicidal thoughts. Results indicated that those with suicidal ideation had parents who had separated more often than controls, and that parental rearing of those with suicidal thoughts included parents who favoured siblings rather than subject, were unstimulating, guilt-engendering, rejecting and unaffectionate. Fathers were more abusive and punitive. These findings suggest that suicidal thoughts may be related to rejection and lack of self-esteem, and that therapy which focuses on resolving parental rejection may be of some use in patients with suicidal ideation. PMID:6880825

Ross, M W; Clayer, J R; Campbell, R L

1983-06-01

121

Automatic Music Genre Classification  

E-print Network

In this work, we are presenting our approach to automatic genre classification for music files, or songs, which consists of audio files represented by a time series data, where the goal is to automatically process the files, to establish a genre assignment. Such applications that require automatic genre classification include internet radio stations that play similar songs based on a user specified preference, or for automatic

unknown authors

2009-01-01

122

Dystopian Reality, Utopian Thought and Educational Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The significance of utopian thought for education can be made evident through reconceptualizing utopia and approaching it\\u000a alongside the notion of dystopia. Awareness of dystopian elements of reality radicalizes the kind of critique that assists\\u000a utopian thought and makes engagement with it more pressing. Awareness of the lurking danger of future dystopia goes hand in\\u000a hand with a utopia that

Marianna Papastephanou

2008-01-01

123

Automatic fluid dispenser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fluid automatically flows to individual dispensing units at predetermined times from a fluid supply and is available only for a predetermined interval of time after which an automatic control causes the fluid to drain from the individual dispensing units. Fluid deprivation continues until the beginning of a new cycle when the fluid is once again automatically made available at the individual dispensing units.

Sakellaris, P. C. (inventor)

1977-01-01

124

The New Standard Environmental Inventory Questionnaire for Estimation of Indoor Concentrations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several investigators have developed indoor air quality questionnaires for use in field studies. The approach used in many of them have numerous features in common, but most of them are unique in their content (wording, format, item selection). It is thought that indoor air quality research could be greatly advanced if the primary or fundamental questions and instruments could be

Michael D. Lebowrtz; James J. Quackenboss; Mary Lou Soczek; Mel Kollander; Steve Colome

1989-01-01

125

Are Automatic Imitation and Spatial Compatibility Mediated by Different Processes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Automatic imitation or "imitative compatibility" is thought to be mediated by the mirror neuron system and to be a laboratory model of the motor mimicry that occurs spontaneously in naturalistic social interaction. Imitative compatibility and spatial compatibility effects are known to depend on different stimulus dimensions--body…

Cooper, Richard P.; Catmur, Caroline; Heyes, Cecilia

2013-01-01

126

Irrational beliefs in the articulated thoughts of college students with social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive conceptualizations of social anxiety emphasize the role of negative self-statements, unrealistic expectations, and irrational beliefs in the development and maintenance of anxiety in social-evaluative situations. Research into these cognitive factors has entailed administration of questionnaires and instructions to subjects to write down their thoughts during a preceding or impending real-life encounter. These methodologies are criticized on several grounds, such

Gerald C. Davison; Vivien Zighelboim

1987-01-01

127

Suicidal thoughts and depressive feelings amongst Estonian schoolchildren: effect of family relationship and family structure.  

PubMed

Depressive feelings and suicidal ideation in a non-clinical sample of adolescents in Estonia were analysed in the context of family structure, mutual relationships amongst family members and schoolchildren's preferences regarding intimate personal contacts with particular family members. Data from the WHO collaborative study 'Health Behaviour in School-aged Children 2005/2006' (HBSC) were used. A representative sample of schoolchildren aged 11, 13 and 15 years completed the semi-structured questionnaire. The analyses included only adolescents living in households with at least one birth parent. The subjects were 4,389 schoolchildren (2,178 boys and 2,211 girls), who were divided into three groups based on: (1) suicidal thoughts, with or without depressive feelings; (2) depressive feelings; and (3) neither suicidal thoughts nor depressive feelings. Multinomial logistic regression was used. The proportion of depressive feelings increased with age for both boys and girls. Girls expressed depressive feelings more frequently than boys from ages 13 and 15 years, and suicidal thoughts from age 15 years. Self-reported satisfaction with relationships in the family reduced the likelihood of depressive feelings and suicidal thoughts. Good communication with the parents reduced the likelihood of suicidal thoughts in all age groups. Adolescents who were satisfied with their family relationships suffered less frequently from depressive feelings and suicidal thoughts. The best environment for an adolescent was a family with both birth parents. Of the adolescents in 'non-intact' families, those with a step-parent in the family showed suicidal thoughts more frequently than those in single-parent families. Associations between family-related variables and suicidal thoughts were significant even after adjusting for family economic deprivation score. PMID:19946721

Samm, Algi; Tooding, Liina-Mai; Sisask, Merike; Kõlves, Kairi; Aasvee, Katrin; Värnik, Airi

2010-05-01

128

19Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of Linguistics Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of  

E-print Network

19Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of Linguistics Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of Linguistics Kent Johnson Abstract A common assumption in metaphysics and the philosophy of language-how. This attempt fails because there appears to be no plausible bridge from the linguistic structure of knowledge

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

129

Abstracting Digital Movies Automatically  

Microsoft Academic Search

ing Digital Movies AutomaticallyS. Pfeioeer, R. Lienhart, S. Fischer und W. EoeelsbergUniversit#t MannheimPraktische Informatik IVL 15, 16D-68131 MannheimAbstracting Digital Movies AutomaticallySilvia Pfeioeer, Rainer Lienhart, Stephan Fischer andWolfgang EoeelsbergPraktische Informatik IVUniversity of MannheimD-68131 Mannheimpfeiffer@pi4.informatik.uni-mannheim.deAbstractLarge video on demand databases consisting of thousands of digital moviesare not easy to handle: the...

Reihe Informatik S. Pfeioeer; R. Lienhart; S. Fischer Und W. Eoeelsberg

1996-01-01

130

Thought Field Therapy: A Former Insider's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thought Field Therapy (TFT) is a novel therapy that employs finger tapping on purported acupressure points. Over the past decade, TFT, promoted on the Internet and through testimonials of fast cures, has gained popularity with therapists, including clinical social workers. Although TFT claims to cure a wide variety of psychological and physical…

Pignotti, Monica

2007-01-01

131

Dewey's Qualitative Thought as Exemplary Art Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines John Dewey's theory of the qualitative mind, showing how his thought illuminates the process of artistic creation. Exemplifies Dewey's theory by referring to the documented creative processes of master artists, Picasso, Moore, Giacometti, and Cezanne. Identifies attributes of the qualitative thinker and artist, and presents educational…

Brigham, Don L.

1989-01-01

132

Excerpts from John Steinbeck FOOD FOR THOUGHT  

E-print Network

Excerpts from John Steinbeck FOOD FOR THOUGHT Our species is the only creative species and it has familiar) FOOD FOR TASTE The wheel turns only two ways, left or right. The fact of the lag, and the boat might vary in height or weight or color, just as 6 is different than 8, but there was no difference

Mengi, Emre

133

Tracking the Construction of Episodic Future Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to mentally simulate possible futures ("episodic future thinking") is of fundamental importance for various aspects of human cognition and behavior, but precisely how humans construct mental representations of future events is still essentially unknown. We suggest that episodic future thoughts consist of transitory patterns of…

D'Argembeau, Arnaud; Mathy, Arnaud

2011-01-01

134

The Test of Thought and Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes the development of the "Test of Thought and Language" (Total) which is intended to allow first grade teachers to determine if students are ready for phonics instruction or if, for some students, the curriculum should first develop language concepts, structures and thinking processes. Background information for the test's…

Markoff, Annabelle M.

135

Current Thought on Curriculum. 1985 ASCD Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues and concerns facing both academic scholars and educational practitioners are presented in the following articles: (1) "Schools and Their Curriculum: A Continuing Controversy" (Alex Molnar); (2) "Three Currents of American Curriculum Thought" (Herbert M. Kliebard); (3) "Curriculum Theory/Curriculum Practice: A Gap or the Grand…

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA.

136

CHAPTER TWO Teaching Photosynthesis: Some Thoughts  

E-print Network

CHAPTER TWO Teaching Photosynthesis: Some Thoughts Govindjee J.F. Allen, E. Gantt, J.H. Golbeck, and B. Osmond (eds.), Photosynthesis. Energy from the Sun: 14th International Congress on Photosynthesis problems. Keywords Significance of photosynthesis, his- tory, students as molecules, web sites for teaching

Govindjee

137

Thoughts on Noise and Quantum Computation  

E-print Network

Thoughts on Noise and Quantum Computation Gil Kalai Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Yale models of quantum computation on n qubits subject to noise operators that are obtained as products of this pa- per is that these properties of noise are sufficient to reduce quantum computation

Kalai, Gil

138

Research Article It's the Thought That Counts  

E-print Network

other minds (theory of mind) that is distinct from the earlier-developing mental-state concepts psychologists to suggest that a representational theory of mind emerges over the course of development. Research that the attribution of thoughts and beliefs-- characteristic of the late-developing component of theory of mind

Gabrieli, John

139

Food for Thought: Good Nutrition Begins  

E-print Network

Food for Thought: Good Nutrition Begins at Home It's 5:00. You're stuck in traffic, you're tired a positive impact on your family's health. March is National Nutrition Month NIH Division of Nutrition Research Coordination National Institutes of Health U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES www

Rau, Don C.

140

Tracking the Construction of Episodic Future Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to mentally simulate possible futures (episodic future thinking) is of fundamental importance for various aspects of human cognition and behavior, but precisely how humans construct mental representations of future events is still essentially unknown. We suggest that episodic future thoughts consist of transitory patterns of activation over knowledge structures at different levels of specificity, with general knowledge about

Arnaud DArgembeau; Arnaud Mathy

2011-01-01

141

Automatic differentiation bibliography  

SciTech Connect

This is a bibliography of work related to automatic differentiation. Automatic differentiation is a technique for the fast, accurate propagation of derivative values using the chain rule. It is neither symbolic nor numeric. Automatic differentiation is a fundamental tool for scientific computation, with applications in optimization, nonlinear equations, nonlinear least squares approximation, stiff ordinary differential equation, partial differential equations, continuation methods, and sensitivity analysis. This report is an updated version of the bibliography which originally appeared in Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application.

Corliss, G.F. [comp.

1992-07-01

142

Emphasising Personal Investment Effects Weight Loss and Hedonic Thoughts about Food after Obesity Surgery  

PubMed Central

Obesity surgery is the most effective treatment method for the severely obese but does not work for everyone. Indications are that weight-loss success may be related to individuals' sense of investment in surgery, with failure linked to higher automatic hedonic motivations to consume food and greater susceptibility to food in the environment. A pilot study using an independent experimental design recruited bariatric surgery patients (n = 91) via a UK obesity-surgery charity website who were randomly allocated to either the intervention or the control condition. The intervention involved raising the salience of the personal investment made in having weight-loss surgery in an attempt to reduce automatic hedonic thoughts about food and aid weight loss. Data was collected initially with subsequent weight loss measured at 3 months of follow-up. Following the intervention, participants reported significantly reduced hedonic thoughts, increased liking for low-fat foods, reduced liking of high-fat food, and higher self-efficacy for achieving sustained weight loss than controls. By 3 months, this was translated into significant differences in mean weight losses of 6.77?kg for the intervention group and 0.91?kg for control participants. To conclude, a quick simple cost-effective intervention encouraging participants to focus on investment helped weight loss and changed hedonic thoughts about food in bariatric patients. PMID:24987525

2014-01-01

143

Eating-related Intrusive Thoughts Inventory: exploring the dimensionality of eating disorder symptoms.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were, first, to examine the structure and validity of the Eating-related Intrusive Thoughts Inventory (INPIAS), a self-report questionnaire designed to assess eating disorders related to intrusive thoughts (EDITs), and second, to explore the existence of a continuum ranging from normal to abnormal thought intrusions related to eating, weight, and shape. Participants were 574 (408 women) nonclinical community individuals. Analyses revealed that EDITs can be clustered into three sets: appearance-dieting, need to exercise, and thoughts-impulses related to eating disorders. EDITs' consequences showed a two-factor structure: emotional consequences/personal meaning and thought-action fusion responsibility; and four factors of strategies: "anxiety," suppression, obsessive-compulsive rituals, and distraction. The sample was then divided according to reported restrained eating. The High dietary restraint group reported a higher frequency of EDITs, whereas differences in the other factors were mediated by depression, anxiety, and obsessionality. The results suggest that eating disorder-related cognitions are experienced by nonclinical individuals, and distributed on a continuum. PMID:22049653

Perpiñá, Conxa; Roncero, María; Belloch, Amparo; Sánchez-Reales, Sergio

2011-08-01

144

GMDSS Automatic Evaluation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current skill evaluation of GMDSS certification is mainly carried out by human being, which involves many man-made factors, and is hard to test the real level of personnel being assessed. Due to this fact, the present study designs an automatic evaluation system. Based on a B\\/S structure, the system realizes an automatic assessment content algorithm according to category and

Tao Wang; Yuna Miao; Qiang Ma

2010-01-01

145

Automatic intelligibility test equipment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report describes an Automatic Intelligibility Test equipment (AITE) which automatically measures the word intelligibility of a digital voice communication link. The system consists of a Nova 820 mini computer, AID converter, teletype unit (ASR-33), tape recorder, high speed paper tape reader and punch set, and the phoneme test sequence. The phoneme test sequence is recorded on audio tape which

D. J. Jurenko

1974-01-01

146

The nuclear dilemma in American strategic thought  

SciTech Connect

Since the end of World War II, the United States has faced moral and strategic issues in its management of force that are unique in the history of international politics. At the heart of these issues is the heavy reliance of the United States and its allies on the deterrent effect of nuclear weapons and the fact that their use would very likely lead to self-defeating destruction and ecological catastrophe. This dilemma affects every major military decision and strategic debate, and the history of U.S. strategic thought can be viewed as an attempt to cope by rejecting, abolishing, or weakening the nuclear specter. In this review, the author explores the evolution of postwar strategic thought in the United States, examining the moral and practical implications of the nuclear dilemma.

Osgood, R.E.

1987-01-01

147

Thought in the Poetry of Keats  

E-print Network

for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the Department of English of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts Msster Thesis ¥eKni*ht, Tor 1904 * Thought i n the poetry... of Rests,•• THOUGHT IN THE POETRY OF KEATS BY I d a McKnight T h e s i s f o r t h e Degree o f fyaster o f A r t s . ..-•-in The U n i v e r s i t y o f Kansas. 1904. INTRODUCTION. G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r o f K e a t s ' p o e t r y...

McKnight, Ida E.

1904-01-01

148

Stanford Medieval and Modern Thought Text Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the inception of the Internet, there have been a number of well-done digitization projects of medieval texts, and some of them have been in existence for close to a decade. One of the newer and more compelling projects in this area is Stanford's Medieval and Modern Thought Text Digitization Project. Started in 2002, the goal of the project has been to digitize close to 25,000 pages every year in the broad area of medieval and modern thought. Support for the project has come from a variety of sources, including the Smart Family Foundation and the Allan Morgan Standish book fund. Visitors can search the materials offered here, or browse through the currently available titles, which are organized into smaller themes, such as science, language and literature, and so on. One real gem here that is worth checking out is the very fine volume "Dates, Charters, and Customs of the Middle Ages."

149

The Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to summarize the development and testing of the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ) and to discuss several issues that have arisen in recent use of the instrument. The NSSQ is a self-administered questionnaire that measures multiple dimensions of social support. Three functional properties--affect, affirmation, and aid--from Kahn's (1979) definition of social support are measured. The network properties of size, stability (duration of relationships), and accessibility (frequency of contact) are also measured, as well as changes in the convoy or support system due to losses of relationships. Nine categories are used to determine sources of support. Graduate students of nursing (N = 130) were used as subjects for several studies to test reliability and validity, and employed adults (N = 136) were used for additional validity testing and to provide normative data. Reliability was established through analysis of internal consistency and test-retest measures taken a week apart. Very high levels of internal consistency and test-retest reliability were found for the functional and network properties, and medium levels for the loss items. At a 7-month retesting, medium levels of stability were found, and the instrument was sensitive to changes in the network composition over time. Although the network composition changed, the overall level of functional support remained stable. Validity of the NSSQ was tested in relation to response bias and concurrent, construct, and predictive validity. The results indicated that the instrument is free from the response bias of social desirability. Medium levels of concurrent validity were shown with two other social support instruments. Construct validity was demonstrated by significant associations between NSSQ measures and two interpersonal constructs expected to be related to social support, while no significant relationships were found between the NSSQ measures and an unrelated interpersonal construct. Predictive validity was tested by examining the hypothesis that social support serves as a buffer for life stress. Among the functional properties, the interaction of aid and life stress accounted for 13.2% of the variance in negative mood. Of the network properties, duration of relationships had significant main and interaction effects, accounting together for 19.3% of the variance in negative mood. Normative data from a sample of employed adults provide means and standard deviations for each subscale and variable of the NSSQ, as well as descriptive data about sources of support.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:6536338

Norbeck, J S

1984-01-01

150

Challenging Hofmann's negative thoughts: A rebuttal  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his commentary on Longmore and Worrell [Longmore, R., & Worrell, M. (2007) Do we need to challenge thoughts in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy? Clinical Psychology review, 27, 173?187], Hofmann [Hofmann, S. G. (2008-this issue). Common misconceptions about cognitive mediation of treatment change: A commentary to Longmore and Worrell (2007). Clinical Psychology Review, doi:10.1016\\/j.cpr.2007.03.003] argues that the paper shows a range

Michael Worrell; Richard J. Longmore

2008-01-01

151

Schools of Thought Related to Criminal Profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter offers a brief overview of the differing schools of thought related to criminal profiling. As discussed in this\\u000a chapter, there currently appears to be three distinct approaches that operate under the respective titles of Criminal Investigative\\u000a Analysis, Investigative Psychology, and Crime Action Profiling. The central ideological tenets and methodological characteristics\\u000a underpinning and differentiating each are briefly outlined.

Richard N. Kocsis

152

Building and mining web-based questionnaires and surveys with SySQ.  

PubMed

A questionnaire is a method for collecting data that can come from many sources such as observations, telephone interviews or documentary sources. Whatever the source of data is, the questionnaire provides a framework of questions that facilitate researcher's work. A manual approach for collecting data using questionnaire presents some limitations and introduces several sources of errors. A second issue regards the statistical and data mining of data that often is conducted using different tools than the questionnaire system, which may introduce errors in the analysis pipeline. For instance, common methods applied to data set concern the normality test, the association and correlation discovery, linear regression, classification and clustering. Usually this analysis is performed using external tools, often not free, such as SPSS, SAS, STATA, Weka, or Clementine.We present a web-based software system, to automatize the analysis pipeline and to support researchers involved in the collection of questionnaire data, such as in epidemiology, aiming to reduce the errors listed above and including some basic functions to conduct statistical analysis on collected data. Our system allows researchers to create questionnaires, adding sections and structured questions. It provides a preview of the questionnaire, the exportation of saved data into statistical software compatible formats, or it permits to analyze them directly applying statistical methods and common data mining techniques from the main interface. PMID:24307414

Sarica, Alessia; Guzzi, Pietro Hiram; Cannataro, Mario

2013-09-01

153

Creativity and innovation: thought and action.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to discuss the significance of creativity and innovation in contemporary health care contexts, and to provide nurses and other health care professionals with models, resources, and ways of thinking about creativity that informs the development of an innovation-action and creative thinking mind-set. As the complexity of health care and nursing escalates, health care providers are challenged to think more creatively and develop innovations that advance the knowledge, learning, and service contributions of their discipline to the health care enterprise. Nursing requires creative thought and innovative action in service of the greater good. PMID:24400465

Pesut, Daniel J

2013-01-01

154

uniVERSE: A Thought Symphony  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universe: A Thought Symphony, recasting the last, most ambitious, yet uncomplicated composition, Universe Symphony of American composer Charles Ives, we will match it with a new libretto derived from selections of Teilhard de Chardin's Hymn of the Universe and George V. Coyne, S.J. and Alessandro Omizzolo's Wayfarers In the Cosmos. The piece (running time 37 minutes), has three movements: Past-moving from Chaos, the formation of the waters and mountains; Present-the formation of the Earth and the firmament, evolution in nature and humanity; and Future-the rise of all beyond.

Schwartz, G.

2011-06-01

155

Automatic natural language parsing  

SciTech Connect

This collection of papers on automatic natural language parsing examines research and development in language processing over the past decade. It focuses on current trends toward a phrase structure grammar and deterministic parsing.

Sprack-Jones, K.; Wilks, Y.

1985-01-01

156

Automatic Input Rectification  

E-print Network

We present a novel technique, automatic input rectification, and a prototype implementation called SOAP. SOAP learns a set of constraints characterizing typical inputs that an application is highly likely to process ...

Long, Fan

2011-10-03

157

Automatic input rectification  

E-print Network

We present a novel technique, automatic input rectification, and a prototype implementation, SOAP. SOAP learns a set of constraints characterizing typical inputs that an application is highly likely to process correctly. ...

Long, Fan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01

158

Automatic input rectification  

E-print Network

We present a novel technique, automatic input rectification, and a prototype implementation, SOAP. SOAP learns a set of constraints characterizing typical inputs that an application is highly likely to process correctly. ...

Long, Fan

159

Automatic amino acid analyzer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analyzer operates unattended or up to 15 hours. It has an automatic sample injection system and can be programmed. All fluid-flow valve switching is accomplished pneumatically from miniature three-way solenoid pilot valves.

Berdahl, B. J.; Carle, G. C.; Oyama, V. I.

1971-01-01

160

Palmer Automatic Weather Station  

NSF Publications Database

... EAM NSF Org: OD / OPP Date : December 06, 1991 File : opp93040 DIVISION OF POLAR PROGRAMS OFFICE OF ... Palmer Automatic Weather Station) To: Files (S.7 - Environment) This Environmental Action Memorandum ...

161

Automatic Text Structuring and Summarization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, information retrieval techniques have been used for automatic generation of semantic hypertext links. This study applies the ideas from the automatic link generation research to attack another important problem in text processing—automatic text summarization. An automatic “general purpose” text summarization tool would be of immense utility in this age of information overload. Using the techniques used (by

Gerard Salton; Amit Singhal; Mandar Mitra; Chris Buckley

1997-01-01

162

Automatic switching matrix  

DOEpatents

An automatic switching matrix that includes an apertured matrix board containing a matrix of wires that can be interconnected at each aperture. Each aperture has associated therewith a conductive pin which, when fully inserted into the associated aperture, effects electrical connection between the wires within that particular aperture. Means is provided for automatically inserting the pins in a determined pattern and for removing all the pins to permit other interconnecting patterns.

Schlecht, Martin F. (Cambridge, MA); Kassakian, John G. (Newton, MA); Caloggero, Anthony J. (Lynn, MA); Rhodes, Bruce (Dorchester, MA); Otten, David (Newton, MA); Rasmussen, Neil (Sudbury, MA)

1982-01-01

163

Does response on the PHQ-9 Depression Questionnaire predict subsequent suicide attempt or suicide death?  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE As use of standard depression questionnaires in clinical practice increases, clinicians will frequently encounter patients reporting thoughts of death or suicide. This study examined whether responses to the Patient Health Questionnaire for depression (PHQ-9) predict subsequent suicide attempt or suicide death. METHODS Electronic records from a large integrated health system were used to link PHQ-9 responses from outpatient visits to subsequent suicide attempts and suicide deaths. A total of 84,418 outpatients age ?13 completed 207,265 questionnaires between 2007 and 2011. Electronic medical records, insurance claims, and death certificate data documented 709 subsequent suicide attempts and 46 suicide deaths in this sample. RESULTS Cumulative risk of suicide attempt over one year increased from .4% among outpatients reporting thoughts of death or self-harm "not at all" to 4% among those reporting thoughts of death or self-harm "nearly every day." After adjustment for age, sex, treatment history, and overall depression severity, responses to item 9 of the PHQ-9 remained a strong predictor of suicide attempt. Cumulative risk of suicide death over one year increased from .03% among those reporting thoughts of death or self-harm ideation "not at all" to .3% among those reporting such thoughts "nearly every day." Response to item 9 remained a moderate predictor of subsequent suicide death after the same factor adjustments. CONCLUSIONS Response to item 9 of the PHQ-9 for depression identified outpatients at increased risk of suicide attempt or death. This excess risk emerged over several days and continued to grow for several months, indicating that suicidal ideation was an enduring vulnerability rather than a short-term crisis. PMID:24036589

Simon, Gregory E; Rutter, Carolyn M; Peterson, Do; Oliver, Malia; Whiteside, Ursula; Operskalski, Belinda; Ludman, Evette J

2013-12-01

164

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

165

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

166

Development of a Cuban Ethnic Identity Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cuban Behavioral Identity Questionnaire is a short, eight-item questionnaire answerable in a seven-point Likert-scale format. It inquires as to the frequency with which respondents engage in several ethnic behaviors and the degree to which they are familiar with Cuban idiomatic expressions and Cuban artists/musicians. (Author/NQ)

Garcia, Margarita; Lega, Leonor I.

1979-01-01

167

New York Community Environment Study Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses neighborhood drug problem concern, drug use practices, knowledge of drugs and agencies dealing with drugs, and views on drug education in persons aged 13 or older. The questionnaire has 31 items (multiple-choice or free response), most with several parts. The items deal with demographic and personal data, problems in…

Glaser, Daniel; Snow, Mary

168

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations concern…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

169

Employment loss during economic crisis and suicidal thoughts in Belgium: a survey in general practice  

PubMed Central

Background The economic crisis of 2009 led to a wave of corporate reorganisations and bankruptcies, with many dismissals of employees. GPs were confronted with subsequent health consequences. Aim To assess the possible relationship between losing one’s job and having suicidal thoughts. Design and setting A survey of patients aged 18–49 years recruited from GP practices in Belgium in Deurne (Flemish region) and La Louvière (Walloon region) from September to December 2010. Method Anonymous self-administered questionnaire. Results Of all eligible patients (n = 1818), 831 were offered the questionnaire and 377 completed it (45.4%). More than one in five had been confronted with employment loss in the past year (the responder or someone close losing their job). Almost one in ten had lost their job themselves in the past year. More than one in four had experienced suicidal thoughts and 11.7% had seriously considered ending their life in the past year. In the logistic regression analysis, the following characteristics showed a statistically significant relationship with having suicidal thoughts: being single (odds ratio [OR] = 4.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.7 to 13.8), not having satisfying social contacts (OR = 5.1, 95% CI = 1.6 to 16.2), having depressive complaints (OR = 18.4, 95% CI = 5.8 to 58.4), and having lost one’s employment in the past year (OR = 8.8, 95% CI = 2.0 to 39.3). Conclusion This study points to a statistically significant relationship between losing one’s employment in the past year and having suicidal thoughts. It emphasises the important role of the GP in the continuous and reinforced assessment of suicidal risk in times of recession. PMID:24152484

Vanderoost, Filip; van der Wielen, Susan; van Nunen, Karolien; Van Hal, Guido

2013-01-01

170

Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire assesses three facets of emotional expressivity: negative  

E-print Network

Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire assesses three facets-reports, peer ratings, and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 435-448. Other references include: Gross, J.J. (2000). The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire. In J. Maltby, C.A. Lewis, & A

Gross, James J.

171

History of Economic Thought Econ 426, Binghamton University, Fall 2010  

E-print Network

-1- History of Economic Thought Econ 426, Binghamton University, Fall 2010 Instructor: Dr. Florenz: A History of Economic Theory and Method, 5th ed., 2007, Waveland Press ($82.95). You can use a copy of the 4 on the History of Economic Thought (e.g. History of Economic Thought by Harry Landreth and David Colander [any

Suzuki, Masatsugu

172

Relation of Disability Type and Career Thoughts to Vocational Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared dysfunctional career thoughts and perceptions of vocational identity for individuals with different types of disabilities and examined whether the relation of career thoughts to vocational identity was moderated by type of disability. Ninety adults with cognitive and physical impairments were administered the Career Thoughts…

Yanchak, Kristen V.; Lease, Suzanne H.; Strauser, David R.

2005-01-01

173

Autism, Movement, Time and Thought 71 Rfrence du chapitre  

E-print Network

Autism, Movement, Time and Thought 71 Référence du chapitre : Gepner B. & Tardif C. (2006). Autism, movement, time and thought. E-motion mis-sight and other temporo-spatial processing disorders in autism. In-30). AUTISM, MOVEMENT, TIME AND THOUGHT E-MOTION MIS-SIGHT AND OTHER TEMPORO- SPATIAL PROCESSING DISORDERS

Boyer, Edmond

174

Thought disorder in high-functioning autistic adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined thought disorder in a sample (n = 11) of high- functioning autistic young adults and older adolescents (mean IQ = 83) utilizing objective ratings from the Thought, Language and Communication Disorder Scale (TLC Scale) and projective data from the Rorschach inkblots. Results from the TLC Scale pointed to negative features of thought disorder in this sample (e.g., Poverty of

Elisabeth Dykens; Fred Volkmar; Marion Glick

1991-01-01

175

Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies  

E-print Network

Review Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies Thomas D. Seeley Section 1997) Abstract - Solving the puzzle of colony integration in honey bees requires understanding how this information, I share some thoughts about information flow within honey bee colonies. These thoughts are based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

The effects of thoughts of survival and thoughts of death on recall in the adaptive memory paradigm.  

PubMed

In a recent paper Hart and Burns (2012) presented evidence that conditions that prime thoughts of one's mortality benefit recall. Drawing on the conceptual relation between thoughts of death and thoughts of survival, Hart and Burns interpret their findings as suggestive of the possibility that death-related thoughts function in manner similar to survival-related thoughts in enhancing recall. In the present study I draw on evolutionary arguments to question whether a conceptual relation between thoughts of death and thoughts of survival translates into a functional relation. I then present data showing that while death-related thoughts can promote high levels of recall, (a) the level achieved does not match that produced by survival processing and (b) survival and death cognition likely rely on different mechanisms to achieve their effects. PMID:23163792

Klein, Stanley B

2014-01-01

177

ESL Teacher Certificate Program Practicum Questionnaire  

E-print Network

preference with a ) ____ International Students _____ Immigrants Student Level (Please specify preferenceESL Teacher Certificate Program Practicum Questionnaire Name the choice, what types of students/classes would you like to work with? Student Demographics (Please specify

Martin, Jeff

178

Thought suppression failures in combat PTSD: a cognitive load hypothesis.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the relation between thought suppression of emotionally neutral content [i.e., Wegner's (1994) "white bear"], incidental traumatic thought intrusion, and skin conductance responses in combat-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Participants included service members who either: a) had PTSD following an Operation Iraqi Freedom deployment; b) were free of psychiatric diagnosis following deployment (Combat Equivalent), or c) were pre-deployed and without psychiatric diagnosis (Pre-Deployed). PTSD Service Members reported the greatest intrusion of combat thoughts during the suppression task and demonstrated a post-suppression rebound effect with a neutral thought. Non-specific skin conductance responses indicated that the suppression task was related to similar levels of increased sympathetic activity for both the PTSD and Pre-Deployed groups, whereas the Combat Equivalent group showed no increased activation during thought suppression. Intrusive traumatic thoughts combined with failures in neutral thought suppression may be a consequence of increased cognitive load in PTSD. PMID:19586619

Aikins, Deane E; Johnson, Douglas C; Borelli, Jessica L; Klemanski, David H; Morrissey, Paul M; Benham, Todd L; Southwick, Steven M; Tolin, David F

2009-09-01

179

Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database  

Cancer.gov

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items concerning walking and biking from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items assessing duration and frequency of walking and bicycling in the non-disabled adult population. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

180

Brut: Automatic bubble classifier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brut, written in Python, identifies bubbles in infrared images of the Galactic midplane; it uses a database of known bubbles from the Milky Way Project and Spitzer images to build an automatic bubble classifier. The classifier is based on the Random Forest algorithm, and uses the WiseRF implementation of this algorithm.

Beaumont, Christopher; Goodman, Alyssa; Williams, Jonathan; Kendrew, Sarah; Simpson, Robert

2014-07-01

181

Automatic Dance Lesson Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, an automatic lesson generation system is presented which is suitable in a learning-by-mimicking scenario where the learning objects can be represented as multiattribute time series data. The dance is used as an example in this paper to illustrate the idea. Given a dance motion sequence as the input, the proposed lesson generation…

Yang, Yang; Leung, H.; Yue, Lihua; Deng, LiQun

2012-01-01

182

Automatic sweep circuit  

DOEpatents

An automatically sweeping circuit for searching for an evoked response in an output signal in time with respect to a trigger input. Digital counters are used to activate a detector at precise intervals, and monitoring is repeated for statistical accuracy. If the response is not found then a different time window is examined until the signal is found.

Keefe, Donald J. (Lemont, IL)

1980-01-01

183

Forensic Automatic Speaker Recognition  

E-print Network

considered "the golden standard of forensic identification" Fingerprint experts have long claimed: "Absolute1 Forensic Automatic Speaker Recognition: Fiction or Science? Joaquin Gonzalez-Rodriguez ATVS identification problem Influence of "classical" forensic identification This talk is: NOT a tutorial on Speaker

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

184

Abstracting Digital Movies Automatically  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large video-on-demand databases consisting of thousands of digital movies are not easy to handle: the user must have an attractive means of retrieving his movie of choice. For analog video, movie trailers are produced to allow a quick preview and perhaps stimulate possible buyers. This paper presents techniques for automatically producing such movie abstracts of digital videos.

Silvia Pfeiffer; Rainer Lienhart; Stephan Fischer; Wolfgang Effelsberg

1996-01-01

185

Automatic multiple applicator electrophoresis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Easy-to-use, economical device permits electrophoresis on all known supporting media. System includes automatic multiple-sample applicator, sample holder, and electrophoresis apparatus. System has potential applicability to fields of taxonomy, immunology, and genetics. Apparatus is also used for electrofocusing.

Grunbaum, B. W.

1977-01-01

186

Automatic TCP Buffer Tuning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growth of high performance networking, a single host may have simultaneous connections that vary in bandwidth by as many as six orders of magnitude. We identify requirements for an automatically-tuning TCP to achieve maximum throughput across all connections simultaneously within the resource limits of the sender. Our auto-tuning TCP implementation makes use of several existing technologies and adds

Jeffrey Semke; Jamshid Mahdavi; Matthew Mathis

1998-01-01

187

approach to automaticity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider how a particular set of information processing principles, de- veloped within the parallel distributed processing (PDP) framework, can address issues concerning automaticity. These principles include graded, activation-based processing that is subject to attentional modulation; incre- mental, connection-based learning; and interactivity and competition in pro- cessing. We show how simulation models, based on these principles, can account for the

DAVID SERVAN-SCHREIBER

188

The merits of unconscious thought in rule detection.  

PubMed

According to unconscious thought theory (UTT), unconscious thought is more adept at complex decision-making than is conscious thought. Related research has mainly focused on the complexity of decision-making tasks as determined by the amount of information provided. However, the complexity of the rules generating this information also influences decision making. Therefore, we examined whether unconscious thought facilitates the detection of rules during a complex decision-making task. Participants were presented with two types of letter strings. One type matched a grammatical rule, while the other did not. Participants were then divided into three groups according to whether they made decisions using conscious thought, unconscious thought, or immediate decision. The results demonstrated that the unconscious thought group was more accurate in identifying letter strings that conformed to the grammatical rule than were the conscious thought and immediate decision groups. Moreover, performance of the conscious thought and immediate decision groups was similar. We conclude that unconscious thought facilitates the detection of complex rules, which is consistent with UTT. PMID:25170756

Li, Jiansheng; Zhu, Yawen; Yang, Yang

2014-01-01

189

Automatic Text Structuring and Summarization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the use of information retrieval techniques for automatic generation of semantic hypertext links focuses on automatic text summarization. Topics include World Wide Web links, text segmentation, and evaluation of text summarization by comparing automatically generated abstracts with manually prepared abstracts. (Author/LRW)

Salton, Gerard; And Others

1997-01-01

190

Questionnaire surveys of dentists on radiology  

PubMed Central

Objectives Survey by questionnaire is a widely used research method in dental radiology. A major concern in reviews of questionnaires is non-response. The objectives of this study were to review questionnaire studies in dental radiology with regard to potential survey errors and to develop recommendations to assist future researchers. Methods A literature search with the software search package PubMed was used to obtain internet-based access to Medline through the website www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed. A search of the English language peer-reviewed literature was conducted of all published studies, with no restriction on date. The search strategy found articles with dates from 1983 to 2010. The medical subject heading terms used were “questionnaire”, “dental radiology” and “dental radiography”. The reference sections of articles retrieved by this method were hand-searched in order to identify further relevant papers. Reviews, commentaries and relevant studies from the wider literature were also included. Results 53 questionnaire studies were identified in the dental literature that concerned dental radiography and included a report of response rate. These were all published between 1983 and 2010. In total, 87 articles are referred to in this review, including the 53 dental radiology studies. Other cited articles include reviews, commentaries and examples of studies outside dental radiology where they are germane to the arguments presented. Conclusions Non-response is only one of four broad areas of error to which questionnaire surveys are subject. This review considers coverage, sampling and measurement, as well as non-response. Recommendations are made to assist future research that uses questionnaire surveys. PMID:22517994

Shelley, AM; Brunton, P; Horner, K

2012-01-01

191

Mycobacterium microti: More Diverse than Previously Thought?  

PubMed Central

Mycobacterium microti is a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex of bacteria. This species was originally identified as a pathogen of small rodents and shrews and was associated with limited diversity and a much reduced spoligotype pattern. More recently, specific deletions of chromosomal DNA have been shown to define this group of organisms, which can be identified by the absence of chromosomal region RD1mic. We describe here the molecular characteristics of 141 strains of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolated in Great Britain over a 14-year period. All strains have characteristic loss of some spoligotype spacers and characteristic alleles at the ETR-E and ETR-F variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) loci, and a sample of these strains was deleted for regions RD7, RD9, and RD1mic but intact for regions RD4 and RD12. We therefore identified these strains as M. microti and show that they have much more diverse spoligotype patterns and VNTR types than previously thought. The most common source of these strains was domestic cats, and we show that the molecular types of M. microti are geographically localized in the same way that molecular types of Mycobacterium bovis are geographically localized in cattle in the United Kingdom. We describe the pathology of M. microti infection in cats and suggest that the feline disease is a spillover from a disease maintained in an unknown wild mammal, probably field voles. The location of the cats with M. microti infection suggests that they do not overlap geographically with the strains of Mycobacterium bovis in Great Britain. PMID:19535520

Smith, N. H.; Crawshaw, T.; Parry, J.; Birtles, R. J.

2009-01-01

192

Thought suppression in spider-fearful and nonfearful individuals.  

PubMed

The authors examined the suppression of spider-related thoughts in spider-fearful (n = 23) and nonfearful (n = 22) individuals. Participants were primed with vivid pictures of spiders and a story about spiders. Next, they were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: (a) suppression of thoughts associated with the previously presented spider-related stimuli or (b) free expression of any thoughts, including those related to the spider-related stimuli. All participants completed a subsequent free-expression exercise. Results indicated that spider-fearful individuals expressed thoughts about the spider-related stimuli for a longer length of time than did nonfearful individuals, particularly in the suppression condition. Participants in both groups demonstrated a rebound of thoughts associated with the spider-related stimuli following suppression. The authors propose that the priming of feared stimuli makes suppression of fear-related thoughts particularly difficult for fearful individuals, perhaps by activating a state of heightened arousal. PMID:12773020

Wenzel, Amy; Barth, Tara C; Holt, Craig S

2003-04-01

193

Two Sources of Evidence on the Non-Automaticity of True and False Belief Ascription  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent study by Apperly et al. (2006) found evidence that adults do not automatically infer false beliefs while watching videos that afford such inferences. This method was extended to examine true beliefs, which are sometimes thought to be ascribed by "default" (e.g., Leslie & Thaiss, 1992). Sequences of pictures were presented in which the…

Back, Elisa; Apperly, Ian A.

2010-01-01

194

Strategies of thought control in obsessive-compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intrusive anxiety-provoking thoughts are a core feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Recent research suggests that individuals use five different techniques of thought control including: distraction, punishment, re-appraisal, social control, and worry. The purpose of the present study was to examine the strategies of thought control used by OCD patients compared to those used by non-anxious controls. In addition, the relationship

Nader Amir; Laurie Cashman; Edna B. Foa

1997-01-01

195

75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2010-06-01

196

78 FR 65608 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2013-11-01

197

Development of the young spine questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years. PMID:23758965

2013-01-01

198

Automatic Speech Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Automatic speech recognition (ASR) is a critical component for CHIL services. For example, it provides the input to higher-level technologies, such as\\u000a summarization and question answering, as discussed in Chapter 8. In the spirit of ubiquitous computing, the goal of ASR in\\u000a CHIL is to achieve a high performance using far-field sensors (networks of microphone arrays and distributed far-field microphones).

Gerasimos Potamianos; Lori Lamel; Matthias Wölfel; Jing Huang; Etienne Marcheret; Claude Barras; Xuan Zhu; John McDonough; Javier Hernando; Dusan Macho; Climent Nadeu

2009-01-01

199

Automatic Authorship Attribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present an approach to automatic authorship attribution dealing with real-world (or unrestricted) text. Our method is based on the computational analysis of the input text using a text-processing tool. Besides the style markes relevant to the output of this tool we also use analysis-dependent style markers, that is, measures that represent the way in which the

Efstathios Stamatatos; Nikos Fakotakis; George K. Kokkinakis

1999-01-01

200

Towards automatic program partitioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a trend towards using accelerators to increase per- formance and energy eciency of general-purpose proces- sors. Adoption of accelerators, however, depends on the availability of tools to facilitate programming these devices. In this paper, we present techniques for automatically par- titioning programs for execution on accelerators. We call the o-loaded code regions sub-algorithms, which are parts of the

Sean Rul; Hans Vandierendonck; Koen De Bosschere

2009-01-01

201

[Psychiatrist-Psychotherapist: thoughts and suggestions].  

PubMed

A basic training in psychotherapy is a necessary requirement for the speciality of psychiatry. Nevertheless, any thorough training in psychotherapy in Greece lacks planning and a credible certification system. ?raining is carried out by different psychotherapeutic societies of varying prestige, through a number of programs. There have been very few attempts until now to map this field. The Section of Psychotherapy of the Hellenic Psychiatric Association (HPA) has tried to document the characteristics of the psychiatrists practicing psychotherapy. The study aimed at all of the trainee and trained psychiatrists, members of HPA. 210 questionnaires were filled in by members of HPA in 2000 and 2009-2011. Most of them were returned by post to the Section of Psychotherapy, while some were filled in during the 21rst HPA congress. With regard to psychotherapeutic training 151 (72%) reported some kind of psychoanalytic training, 90 (42.8%) cognitive, 85 (40.5%) systemic and 38 (18%) other (interpersonal, drama therapy, existentialist, cognitive-analytic, hypnosis, group therapy of another kind, orgonotherapy, vegetotherapy, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing). The average duration of the training in years was 5.26 (±3.7) for the psychoanalytic one, 2.73 (±1.6) for the cognitive, 3.83 (±2.1) for the systemic and 3.08 (±2.5) for the psychiatrists with a different type of training. Interestingly, many of the participants reported more than one types of psychotherapeutic training. Another important finding is the fact that the range of training varies from a single seminar to many years, something which underlines the considerable divergence with regard to what is considered psychotherapeutic training. Several questions arise from the above findings: A first one is if a psychiatrist should, during his/her training, also be trained in psychotherapy and what kind of training this should be. A second question is if being a trained psychiatrist entails the capacity to practice psychotherapy and to be called a psychotherapist. Should the title of psychotherapist be a general one or should a specific theoretical-clinical approach be mentioned in the title (psychoanalyst, cognitive-behavioral, systemic, etc.). One more question is which institution is appropriate for the certification of a psychotherapist: a state authority or another, possibly private, institution such as scientific societies or Non-Governmental Organizations? A final question is where professionals from different fields certified as psychotherapists could converge and how their differences could be specified. The mapping and study of the field of psychotherapy within HPA can create the basis for a fruitful discussion on the issue of the psychiatrists' training and certification in psychotherapy, thus outlining a number of questions and dilemmas. PMID:25035182

Charalabaki, K; Michopoulos, I; Filippopoulou, A; Karamanolaki, H

2014-01-01

202

Automatic payload deployment system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to precisely emplace stand-alone payloads in hostile territory has long been on the wish list of US warfighters. This type of activity is one of the main functions of special operation forces, often conducted at great danger. Such risk can be mitigated by transitioning the manual placement of payloads over to an automated placement mechanism by the use of the Automatic Payload Deployment System (APDS). Based on the Automatically Deployed Communication Relays (ADCR) system, which provides non-line-of-sight operation for unmanned ground vehicles by automatically dropping radio relays when needed, the APDS takes this concept a step further and allows for the delivery of a mixed variety of payloads. For example, payloads equipped with a camera and gas sensor in addition to a radio repeater, can be deployed in support of rescue operations of trapped miners. Battlefield applications may include delivering food, ammunition, and medical supplies to the warfighter. Covert operations may require the unmanned emplacement of a network of sensors for human-presence detection, before undertaking the mission. The APDS is well suited for these tasks. Demonstrations have been conducted using an iRobot PackBot EOD in delivering a variety of payloads, for which the performance and results will be discussed in this paper.

Pezeshkian, Narek; Nguyen, Hoa G.; Burmeister, Aaron; Holz, Kevin; Hart, Abraham

2010-04-01

203

Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and

Marie Reid; Jane Bunting; Richard Hammersley

2005-01-01

204

Validation Studies of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire/College Alumnus Questionnaire (CAQ)  

Cancer.gov

This article states the PA questionnaire used is the same as that used in the Singh 1996 validation study (which does appear to be the Paffenbarger). But in fact, the two questionnaires (which are provided in both articles) don’t appear to be the same; and the Singh 2001 version does not ask specific walking questions.

205

Assessment of fear of fear in agoraphobics: The Body Sensations Questionnaire and the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire, companion measures for assessing aspects of fear of fear (panic attacks) in agoraphobics. The instruments were administered to 175 agoraphobics (mean age 37.64 yrs) and 43 controls (mean age 36.13 yrs) who were similar in sex and marital status to experimental Ss. Results show that the instruments

Dianne L. Chambless; G. Craig Caputo; Priscilla Bright; Richard Gallagher

1984-01-01

206

The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.  

PubMed

Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

2014-04-01

207

Cardiff's TELEform: Scanning the Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Software, such as Cardiff's TELEform Information Capture System, is available to create and print a scannable version of the Diet History Questionnaire form. To create booklets, you may still need to hire a professional printer. Using TELEform, you will be able to scan the instrument with an imaging scanner (contact Cardiff for specifications).

208

Canadian Version of the Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

The Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) and the DHQ nutrient database were modified for use in Canada through the collaborative efforts of Dr. Amy Subar and staff at the Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, and Dr. Ilona Csizmadi and colleagues in the Division of Population Health and Information at the Alberta Cancer Board in Canada.

209

Utah Drop-Out Drug Use Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in high school drop-outs. The 79 items (multiple choice or apply/not apply) are concerned with demographic data and use, use history, reasons for use/nonuse, attitudes toward drugs, availability of drugs, and drug information with respect to narcotics, amphetamines, LSD, Marijuana, and barbiturates.…

Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

210

REV. 2012-04-12 Assessor Questionnaire  

E-print Network

, of the associated sampling procedures (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) 5. Personal attributes: judgment, objectivity, maturityREV. 2012-04-12 Assessor Questionnaire This collection of information contains Paperwork Reduction other provisions of the law, no person is required to respond to, nor shall any person be subject

211

The Personal Attributes Questionnaire: A Conceptual Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rich complexity of the concepts of masculinity and femininity has been reflected in personality measures in at least two different ways: by employing a variety of subscales with comparatively homogeneous items or by using a single scale with comparatively heterogeneous items. The Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ) was the subject of an…

Ozer, Daniel

212

A questionnaire on medical acupuncture practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryMembers of a medical acupuncture society were circulated by postal questionnaire to enquire into their acupuncture practice. Over half the replies were from general practitioners, with one third from anaesthetists. Most were using acupuncture for musculo-skeletal and general pain, but a large variety of conditions were reported as responding well by small numbers of practitioners, while others regarded these same

Simon Hayhoe; Hillary Box

1997-01-01

213

ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire  

E-print Network

ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire rev AA.01 2013/04/02 GUIDELINES which exceed the normal schedule by completing this Energy Exception Request and submitting it to the Office of Energy Management. Energy Management will prepare a cost analysis and return

Rock, Chris

214

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the psychometric properties of a German translation of the Child Global Report version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ). A total of 1219 German school-children (644 boys and 575 girls), ages 10-14 years participated in the study. The APQ was subjected to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Exploratory factor…

Essau, Cecilia A.; Sasagawa, Satoko; Frick, Paul J.

2006-01-01

215

Print Name_______________________________________________________________________________ (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire)  

E-print Network

-Q (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire) YES NO 1. Has your doctor ever said that you have a heart condition and that you should only do physical activity recommended by a doctor? 2. Do you feel pain in your chest when you do physical activity? 3. In the past month, have you had chest pain when you were

216

Questionnaires A3.1 Scoring  

E-print Network

experimenter what to do. A3.2 Instructions for Subjects You are about to test a system that employs the latestQuestionnaires & Scoring APPENDIX A3 A3.1 Scoring A3.1.1 Contributions Relative number of subject a subject repeats the same request or makes a new request is counted. A3.1.2 Hesitations / Frustration

Thórisson, Kristinn Rúnar

217

INDOOR AIR QUALITY QUESTIONNAIRE HUMAN RESOURCES  

E-print Network

INDOOR AIR QUALITY QUESTIONNAIRE HUMAN RESOURCES FORM Risk and Compliance | One Washington Square THE AIR QUALITY ISSUE AND LOCATION Name: Date: Department: Phone No: Work Location: Suspected Air Quality, humidity, drafts, stagnant air, odors)? Is there a history of flooding or water damage? If so, please list

Eirinaki, Magdalini

218

Psychometric Evaluation of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire (CVQ). The reliability, factor structure, construct validity, and temporal stability of the inventory were examined. Method: A university student sample ("n" = 878) and a working adult sample ("n" = 153) were recruited.…

Duan, Wenjie; Ho, Samuel M. Y.; Bai, Yu; Tang, Xiaoqing

2013-01-01

219

ORIGINAL PAPER The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire  

E-print Network

+Business Media, LLC 2006 Abstract The broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a set of personality and language (1977) used twin data to suggest that the vulnerability for autism may be inherited as milder traitsORIGINAL PAPER The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire Robert S. E. Hurley Ã? Molly Losh Ã? Morgan

van Lambalgen, Michiel

220

Component Structure of the Attribution Style Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Attribution Style Questionnaire (ASQ) is a short (36-item) objective inventory which assesses cognitions regarding responsibility for bad and good outcomes relevant to cognitive models of depression. Three alternative scoring systems have been proposed; no scoring system has been empirically verified. Convergent and discriminant validity have…

Huckel, Lorraine H.; Velicer, Wayne F.

221

Gentle Logging System Evaluation (PARTICIPANTS' QUESTIONNAIRE REPORT)  

E-print Network

Raymond O. Miller and William E. Cook 1 Abstract Five, new, cut-to-length harvesting systems wereGentle Logging System Evaluation (PARTICIPANTS' QUESTIONNAIRE REPORT) November 26, 2001 Raymond O. Miller William E. Cook Published by Michigan State University Upper Peninsula Tree Improvement Center

222

Faking Personality Questionnaires in Personnel Selection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A personality questionnaire administered to 86 subjects contained varying amounts of information regarding job title, job description, and person specification. Participants answered once honestly and faked answers once. All groups produced similar profiles but were unable to fake responses to match the ideal profile for the job. (SK)

Dalen, Lindy H.; Stanton, Neville A.; Roberts, Antony D.

2001-01-01

223

DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________________  

E-print Network

DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE and/or efficacy of a drug? A. If yes, is the testing, study, evaluation or research primarily for use in pharmaceutical pre-market clearance applications to the Food and Drug Administration? 2. Is drug administered

Acton, Scott

224

A Consideration of the Nature of Thought in Childhood Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The play behavior of young children is viewed as a behavioral manifestation of nonverbal thinking. Discussed are issues of relevance to the understanding of the development of thought in general and of the symbolic function in particular. A line of development is proposed which leads from early nonverbal thought as manifested in play, either…

Galenson, Eleanor; And Others

225

Five Themes in a Thought-Full Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curriculum, instruction, learning and assessment are the pulse of the school. They are what drive everything else. They are the currency through which we exchange thoughts and ideas. They are the passions that bind our organization together. Educators recognize the growing need for informed, skilled, thoughtful and compassionate citizens who value…

Costa, Arthur L.

2006-01-01

226

Taught degree MA in Social and Political Thought  

E-print Network

between social theory, political theory and philosophy, the history of social and political thought is interdisciplinary, bridging the conventional divides between social theory, political philosophy, and the historyTaught degree MA in Social and Political Thought 1 year full time/2 years part time The strength

Sussex, University of

227

Spontaneous Repetitive Thoughts Can Be Adaptive: Postscript on "Mind Wandering"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When researchers use the term "mind wandering" for task-unrelated thoughts in signal detection tasks, we may fall into the trap of believing that spontaneous thoughts are task unrelated in a deeper sense. Similar negative connotations are attached to common terms like "cognitive failures", "resting state", "rumination", "distraction", "attentional…

Baars, Bernard J.

2010-01-01

228

Repressive coping: Distraction using pleasant thoughts and memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

To avoid exposure to unpleasant or unwanted emotional material, some people may distract them- selves by summoning up pleasant thoughts such as happy memories. Manipulation of negative affect might therefore result in heightened accessibility of pleasant thoughts and memories, contrary to hypotheses of mood-congruent recall. In Experiment 1, repressors were faster to recall happy memo- ries after watching an unpleasant

Joseph M. Boden; Roy F. Baumeister

1997-01-01

229

GEOGRAPHY 200B: GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT, RESEARCH, AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

GEOGRAPHY 200B: GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT, RESEARCH, AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Winter 2012 Class will be the historical arc of geographical thought with the formation of Geography as a discipline and its contemporary: geography as place, geography as space, geography as changes on the face of the earth, and geography

Lopez-Carr, David

230

GEOGRAPHY 200B: GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT, RESEARCH, AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

GEOGRAPHY 200B: GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT, RESEARCH, AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Winter 2011 Class thought with the formation of Geography as a discipline and its contemporary practice at UCSB: geography as place, geography as space, geography as changes on the face of the earth, and geography

Lopez-Carr, David

231

Process Sub-politics: Placing Empirical Flesh on Whiteheadian Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is more explorative than programmatic. It attempts to place empirical flesh on some of Alfred North Whitehead's speculative thoughts on concrete apprehensions. The challenge lies in the fact that Whitehead was vague on the subject. While Whitehead offers numerous thoughts on why we mistake the abstract for the concrete he wrote considerably less on how we can get

Michael S. Carolan

2009-01-01

232

Thoughts on the Future of Economic Theory Glenn Ellison  

E-print Network

Dynamic contracting Multi-agent problems Behavioral contracting? Behavioral Economics Applications withinThoughts on the Future of Economic Theory Glenn Ellison MIT Glenn Ellison (MIT) Thoughts on the Future of Economic Theory 1 / 5 #12;A Brief History Prior to the 1970's economic theory was generally

Niebur, Ernst

233

Existential Thoughts in Fanon's Post-Colonialism Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frantz Fanon, a pioneer of post-colonial theory, attempted to seek some unbeknown possibilities through a Sartrean existentialism thought toward ethnic liberation and the fighting against imperialism. This article tries to enter Fanon's short life that was full of humanism and existentialist thought and to explore the hidden theoretical context…

Yeh, Chuan-Rong

2013-01-01

234

Thought-action fusion in obsessive compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent psychometric results suggested that the phenomenon of thought-action fusion (TAF) is implicated in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The construct of TAF has two components: (a) the belief that thinking about an unacceptable or disturbing event makes it more likely to happen and (b) the belief that having an unacceptable thought is the moral equivalent of carrying out the unacceptable

Roz Shafran; Dana S. Thordarson; S. Rachman

1996-01-01

235

Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text, defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments, Compton…

Huggins, Elisha

2010-01-01

236

Thought Experiments in Physics Education: A Simple and Practical Example.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a Galilean thought experiment to enhance learning in a college-level physical science course. Presents both modern and historical perspectives of Galileo's work. As a final project, students explored Galileo's thought experiment in the laboratory using modern detectors with satisfying results. (Contains 25 references.) (Author/ASK)

Lattery, Mark J.

2001-01-01

237

Dealing With Resistance to Thought-Stopping: A Transcript  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A woman who had from childhood suffered from neurotic anxieties of an interpersonal kind had for 10 years been plagued with insistent and fruitless negative thoughts about herself. This transcript deals mainly with her objections to the technique of thought stopping and the efforts that were made to overcome them. (Author)

Wolpe, Joseph

1971-01-01

238

The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire in eating disorder patients.  

PubMed

The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) was developed to measure a variety of personality variants on three biosocial dimensions, harm avoidance (HA), novelty seeking (NS), and reward dependence (RD), which are thought to be related to serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and norepinephrine (NE) function, respectively. Patients with eating disorders have been reported to have abnormalities in all of these systems, as well as personality variants described by these dimensions. We therefore administered the TPQ to 147 patients with DSM-III-R defined eating disorders (110 bulimia nervosa [BN], 27 with anorexia nervosa [AN], and 10 with BN+AN) and compared their scores to those of 350 female controls. When significant, post hoc Bonferroni t tests were performed using alpha = 0.05. All subtypes of eating disorder patients scored significantly higher on HA than controls (p < or = .0001, analysis of variance. Only patients with BN (+/- AN) had significantly higher degrees of NS (p < or = .0001), particularly on the impulsiveness subscale (NS2), although this may, in part, be due to age. No significant differences in total RD were found, although BN patients scored lower on RD3 (attachment vs. detachment) and higher on RD4 (dependence vs. independence) than controls. In addition, AN patients had significantly higher RD2 (persistence vs. irresoluteness) subscale scores. These data support a theory of 5-HT dysregulation in both types of eating disorders and suggest that further research be done on the role of DA and NE in BN. PMID:8401554

Brewerton, T D; Hand, L D; Bishop, E R

1993-09-01

239

Setting free the bears: escape from thought suppression.  

PubMed

A person who is asked to think aloud while trying not to think about a white bear will typically mention the bear once a minute. So how can people suppress unwanted thoughts? This article examines a series of indirect thought suppression techniques and therapies that have been explored for their efficacy as remedies for unwanted thoughts of all kinds and that offer some potential as means for effective suppression. The strategies that have some promise include focused distraction, stress and load avoidance, thought postponement, exposure and paradoxical approaches, acceptance and commitment, meditation, mindfulness, focused breathing, attention training, self-affirmation, hypnosis, and disclosure and writing. Many of these strategies entail thinking about and accepting unwanted thoughts rather than suppressing them--and so, setting free the bears. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:22082381

Wegner, Daniel M

2011-11-01

240

An emotion-differentiated perspective on empathy with the emotion specific empathy questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Empathy refers to the thoughts and feelings of one individual in response to the observed (emotional) experiences of another individual. Empathy, however, can occur toward persons experiencing a variety of emotions, raising the question of whether or not empathy can be emotion specific. This paper discusses theoretical and empirical support for the emotion specificity of empathy. We present a new measure, the Emotion Specific Empathy questionnaire, which assesses affective and cognitive empathy for the six basic emotions. This paper presents the measure's psychometric qualities and demonstrates, through a series of models, the discriminant validity between emotion specific empathies suggesting empathy is emotion specific. Results and implications are discussed. PMID:25071632

Olderbak, Sally; Sassenrath, Claudia; Keller, Johannes; Wilhelm, Oliver

2014-01-01

241

Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN): a reliable factor-analysis based synaesthesia questionnaire.  

PubMed

Synaesthesia is a heterogeneous phenomenon, even when considering one particular sub-type. The purpose of this study was to design a reliable and valid questionnaire for grapheme-colour synaesthesia that captures this heterogeneity. By the means of a large sample of 628 synaesthetes and a factor analysis, we created the Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN) questionnaire with 16 items loading on 4 different factors (i.e., localisation, automaticity/attention, deliberate use, and longitudinal changes). These factors were externally validated with tests which are widely used in the field of synaesthesia research. The questionnaire showed good test-retest reliability and construct validity (i.e., internally and externally). Our findings are discussed in the light of current theories and new ideas in synaesthesia research. More generally, the questionnaire is a useful tool which can be widely used in synaesthesia research to reveal the influence of individual differences on various performance measures and will be useful in generating new hypotheses. PMID:23938277

Rothen, Nicolas; Tsakanikos, Elias; Meier, Beat; Ward, Jamie

2013-09-01

242

Automatic speaker recognition system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Defense Communications Division of ITT (ITTDCD) has developed an automatic speaker recognition (ASR) system that meets the functional requirements defined in NRL's Statement of Work. This report is organized as follows. Chapter 2 is a short history of the development of the ASR system, both the algorithm and the implementation. Chapter 3 describes the methodology of system testing, and Chapter 4 summarizes test results. In Chapter 5, some additional testing performed using GFM test material is discussed. Conclusions derived from the contract work are given in Chapter 6.

Higgins, Alan; Naylor, Joe

1984-07-01

243

Comparison of automatic control systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report deals with a reciprocal comparison of an automatic pressure control, an automatic rpm control, an automatic temperature control, and an automatic directional control. It shows the difference between the "faultproof" regulator and the actual regulator which is subject to faults, and develops this difference as far as possible in a parallel manner with regard to the control systems under consideration. Such as analysis affords, particularly in its extension to the faults of the actual regulator, a deep insight into the mechanism of the regulator process.

Oppelt, W

1941-01-01

244

Reported Thought as a Stance-Taking Device in Korean Conversation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyses of 34 cases of direct reported thought found in ordinary Korean conversations illustrate a routine practice in the use of reported thought-reenacting a prior thought to demonstrate how the speaker's current stance originated. Often, such thoughts are not simply momentary, isolated thoughts in passing but are consequential thoughts…

Kim, Mary Shin

2014-01-01

245

Validation française du questionnaire de dépendance de l’exercice physique (Exercise Dependence Questionnaire)  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe Exercise Dependence Questionnaire (EDQ) conceptualises exercise dependence (ED) within both traditional biomedical and psychosocial perspectives. This tool is a valid and reliable multidimensional measure of ED.

L. Kern; N. Baudin

246

Prior Learning Questionnaire 07-08 Prior Learning Questionnaire 07-08  

E-print Network

Questionnaire 07-08 Reputation of academic programs Reputation of University Studies Opportunities for community Ability to live at home Reputation of the institution Reputation of intercollegiate athletics http

247

Faking personality questionnaires: A response to Furnham  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper by A. Furnham in the Spring 1990 issue of this journal has a number of interesting aspects; it also has a number of puzzling ones, not least why it was written. In it, Furnham has reported the responses of 55 students on four measures (not questionnaires), viz: FIRO-B; Holland's Vocational Preferences Inventory, Myers-Briggs Indicator, and the Kirton Adaption-Innovation

M. J. Kirton

1991-01-01

248

Automatic readout micrometer  

DOEpatents

A measuring system is disclosed for surveying and very accurately positioning objects with respect to a reference line. A principal use of this surveying system is for accurately aligning the electromagnets which direct a particle beam emitted from a particle accelerator. Prior art surveying systems require highly skilled surveyors. Prior art systems include, for example, optical surveying systems which are susceptible to operator reading errors, and celestial navigation-type surveying systems, with their inherent complexities. The present invention provides an automatic readout micrometer which can very accurately measure distances. The invention has a simplicity of operation which practically eliminates the possibilities of operator optical reading error, owning to the elimination of traditional optical alignments for making measurements. The invention has an extendable arm which carries a laser surveying target. The extendable arm can be continuously positioned over its entire length of travel by either a coarse or fine adjustment without having the fine adjustment outrun the coarse adjustment until a reference laser beam is centered on the target as indicated by a digital readout. The length of the micrometer can then be accurately and automatically read by a computer and compared with a standardized set of alignment measurements. Due to its construction, the micrometer eliminates any errors due to temperature changes when the system is operated within a standard operating temperature range.

Lauritzen, Ted (Lafayette, CA)

1982-01-01

249

Intrusive thoughts and quality of life among men with prostate cancer before and three months after surgery  

PubMed Central

Background Sudden, unwelcome and repetitive thoughts about a traumatic event – intrusive thoughts – could relate to how men assess their quality of life after prostate-cancer diagnosis. We aimed to study the prevalence of intrusive thoughts about prostate cancer and their association with quality-of-life outcomes before and after radical prostatectomy. Methods During the first year of the LAPPRO-trial, 971 men scheduled for radical prostatectomy were prospectively included from 14 urological centers in Sweden. Of those, 833 men responded to two consecutive study-specific questionnaires before and three months after surgery (participation rate 86%). The association of intrusive thoughts with three quality-of-life outcomes, i.e. self-assessed quality of life, depressive mood and waking up with anxiety was estimated by prevalence ratios that were calculated, together with a 95% confidence interval, at the same time-point as well as over time. Fisher’s exact-test was used to analyze differences between respondents and non-respondents. Wilcoxon signed-ranks and Cochran-Armitage trend tests were used for analysis of change over time. To validate new questions on intrusive thoughts, written answers to open-ended questions were read and analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Results Before surgery, 603 men (73%) reported negative intrusive thoughts about their cancer at some time in the past month and 593 men (59%) reported such thoughts three months after surgery. Comparing those reporting intrusive thoughts at least weekly or once a week before surgery with those who did not, the prevalence ratio (95% confidence interval), three months after surgery, for waking up in the middle of the night with anxiety was 3.9 (2.7 to 5.5), for depressed mood 1.8 (1.6 to 2.1) and for impaired self-assessed quality of life 1.3 (1.2 to 1.5). Conclusion The prevalence of negative intrusive thoughts about prostate cancer at the time of surgery associates with studied quality-of-life outcomes three months later. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials, ISRCTN06393679 PMID:24025241

2013-01-01

250

Automatic differentiation of limit functions  

SciTech Connect

Automatic differentiation can be used to evaluate the derivatives of and set up Taylor series for implicitly defined functions and maps. The author provides several examples of how this works, within the context of the MXYZPTLK class library, and discusses its extension to inverse functions. The techniques of automatic differentiation and differential algebra are rapidly becoming a standard part of accelerator physicists` arsenals.

Michelotti, L.

1993-05-01

251

Automatic Music Annotation Research Exam  

E-print Network

and sound effects. The music domain is interesting in that the audio content is rich with informationAutomatic Music Annotation Research Exam Spring 2005 Douglas Turnbull Department of Computer-based systems have been developed to automatically classify music according to a high-level musical concept

Elkan, Charles

252

Vacuum tube automatic weld station  

Microsoft Academic Search

A microcomputer controlled tube welding station has been developed that significantly improves the productivity of the process by providing fully automatic operation and improved weld quality. In addition, the microcomputer allows easy changing of the process to study and determine the optimum weld cycle parameters. The weld station provides the following significant features: (1) fully automatic flush and weld cycle;

1981-01-01

253

Automatic hot water recovery system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heat in the hot water lines of a water system is automatically recovered by providing a bridge conduit between the cold water lines and the hot water lines and by depressurizing the hot water lines relative to the cold water lines thereby to automatically direct higher pressure cold water into the hot water lines through the interconnection, which preferably is

Haws

1982-01-01

254

Consistent and Automatic Replica Regeneration  

E-print Network

Consistent and Automatic Replica Regeneration HAIFENG YU Intel Research Pittsburgh/Carnegie Mellon the availability of large-scale distributed systems re- quire automatic replica regeneration, that is, creating new replicas in response to replica failures. A major challenge to regeneration is maintaining consistency when

Yu, Haifeng

255

A blueprint for automatic indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This note summarizes some of the currently available insights in automatic indexing. The emphasis is on aspects that are expected to be useful in a practical automatic indexing applications. The discussion is necessarily cursory, but the references will lead interested readers to a deeper treatment of the indexing problem.

Gerard Salton

1981-01-01

256

Automatic Coal-Mining System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coal cutting and removal done with minimal hazard to people. Automatic coal mine cutting, transport and roof-support movement all done by automatic machinery. Exposure of people to hazardous conditions reduced to inspection tours, maintenance, repair, and possibly entry mining.

Collins, E. R., Jr.

1985-01-01

257

Paving the Way To Algebraic Thought Using Residue Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a brief definition and examples of residue designs while sharing some of the algebraic thought that a student used to form generalizations about the patterns discovered during the investigations of residue designs. (ASK)

Johnson, Iris DeLoach

1998-01-01

258

IBM Academy of Technology Thought Leadership White Paper  

E-print Network

IBM Academy of Technology Thought Leadership White Paper October 2010 Cloud computing insights from necessary. This white paper from the leadership of the IBM Academy of Technology represents the findings

259

African-American is a topic of thoughtful,  

E-print Network

solved with the civil rights movement are actually not." Robert Levine, professor of English, also. "This generation--the post-civil rights generation--has discovered that many things that we thought were

Hill, Wendell T.

260

"You" and "I", "now" and "then", and some related thoughts  

E-print Network

The overarching theme of this dissertation is the relationship between information and context-how context interacts with the contents of speech and thought. I pursue three issues within this broad theme. Chapter 1 concerns ...

Santorio, Paolo, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

261

9.402 Language and Thought, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

Subject examines the many interrelationships between language and thought. Do people who speak different languages think differently? Does learning new languages change the way you think? Do polyglots think differently in ...

Boroditsky, Lera

262

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: When Unwanted Thoughts Take Over  

MedlinePLUS

... some people to have suicidal thoughts or make suicide attempts.Anyone taking antidepressants should be monitored closely, ... to order publications. If you do not have Internet access please contact the NIMH Information Resource Center ...

263

Pass-thoughts: Authenticating With Our Minds Julie Thorpe  

E-print Network

of prosthetic devices for disabled patients. BCIs have been a hot topic for the past few years, making notable progress such as using a para- lyzed patient's thoughts to control a robotic arm [19], and allowing

Somayaji, Anil

264

Sexual assault survivors' reactions to a thought suppression paradigm.  

PubMed

Trauma survivors may experience harm from participating in research on sensitive topics. The current study assessed reactions of sexual assault survivors with and without symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) immediately following an experimental thought suppression task and at a 2- to 4-week follow-up period, by asking open-ended questions regarding thoughts about the experiment, feelings following the experiment, and willingness to participate in similar experiments. At both time periods, most participants reported neutral/positive thoughts (e.g., "interesting") and feelings (e.g., "fine, good") and indicated that they would participate in a similar study. Findings suggest that the majority of sexual assault survivors were not harmed in the short- or long-term by participation in a thought suppression paradigm in which the target of suppression/expression was their own trauma. PMID:16897914

Rabenhorst, Mandy M

2006-08-01

265

Even Depression May Not Dim Thoughts of Bright Future  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Even Depression May Not Dim Thoughts of Bright Future But ... Dallas Monday, October 27, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Page Depression MONDAY, Oct. 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Even adults ...

266

Archimedes of Syracuse Archimedes Thoughtful by Fetti (1620)  

E-print Network

Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek: ) Archimedes Thoughtful by Fetti (1620) Born c. 287 BC Syracuse Mathematics, Physics, Engineering, Astronomy, Invention Known for Archimedes' Principle, Archimedes' screw, Hydrostatics, Levers, Infinitesimals Archimedes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Archimedes of Syracuse

Varadarajan, Veeravalli S.

267

Extreme Weather: Trends, Projections, and Thoughts for Building Resilience  

E-print Network

Extreme Weather: Trends, Projections, and Thoughts for Building Resilience Joe Casola Staff and projections for weather/climate events · Heat waves · Rainfall and flooding · Droughts and river/lake levels

Minnesota, University of

268

47 CFR 87.219 - Automatic operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Automatic operations. 87.219 Section 87...Advisory Stations (Unicoms) § 87.219 Automatic operations. (a) A station operator...aircraft's interrogating signal and the automatic unicom's response. (3)...

2010-10-01

269

30 CFR 75.1405 - Automatic couplers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Automatic couplers. 75.1405 Section 75...Hoisting and Mantrips § 75.1405 Automatic couplers. [Statutory Provisions...March 30, 1971, shall be equipped with automatic couplers which couple by impact...

2010-07-01

270

Device for the Automatic Control of Airplanes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides a description of an automatic control mechanism that consists of an automatic elevator control, aileron control, and a rudder control. Each automatic control can be independently switched on or off.

Gradenwitz, Alfred

1929-01-01

271

A dual process model for cultural differences in thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nisbett et al. (Psychol Rev 108:291–310, 2001) claim that East Asians are likely to use holistic thought to solve problems, whereas Westerners use analytic thought more,\\u000a and discuss the differences in the frame of the individualism\\/collectivism distinction. The holistic versus analytic distinction\\u000a has been the greatest point of interest of dual process theories, which imply that human thinking has two sub

Hiroshi Yama; Miwa Nishioka; Tomoko Horishita; Yayoi Kawasaki; Junichi Taniguchi

2007-01-01

272

Encounter with death: The thought of Robert Jay Lifton.  

PubMed

Robert Jay Lifton begins his work in the psychosocial framework that he takes over from Erik Erikson. Lifton's thought is based upon a central paradigm-"death and the continuity of life." Lifton makes important contributions with his five modes of symbolic immortality and with his investigation of the psychological themes in survivors. The origins and limits of Lifton's thought are critically examined. PMID:24302069

Lageman, A G

1987-12-01

273

Dispatching the wandering mind? Toward a laboratory method for cuing "spontaneous" off-task thought  

PubMed Central

Cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists study most phenomena of attention by measuring subjects' overt responses to discrete environmental stimuli that can be manipulated to test competing theories. The mind wandering experience, however, cannot be locally instigated by cleverly engineered stimuli. Investigators must therefore rely on correlational and observational methods to understand subjects' flow of thought, which is only occasionally and indirectly monitored. In an effort toward changing this state of affairs, we present four experiments that develop a method for inducing mind wandering episodes—on demand—in response to task-embedded cues. In an initial laboratory session, subjects described their personal goals and concerns across several life domains (amid some filler questionnaires). In a second session, 48 h later, subjects completed a go/no-go task in which they responded to the perceptual features of words; unbeknownst to subjects, some stimulus words were presented in triplets to represent the personal concerns they had described in session 1. Thought probes appearing shortly after these personal-goal triplets indicated that, compared to control triplets, priming subjects' concerns increased mind wandering rate by about 3–4%. We argue that this small effect is, nonetheless, a promising development toward the pursuit of an experimentally informed, theory-driven science of mind wandering. PMID:24027542

McVay, Jennifer C.; Kane, Michael J.

2013-01-01

274

Revealing Relations between Open and Closed Answers in Questionnaires through Text Clustering Evaluation  

E-print Network

Open answers in questionnaires contain valuable information that is very time-consuming to analyze manually. We present a method for hypothesis generation from questionnaires based on text clustering. Text clustering is used interactively on the open answers, and the user can explore the cluster contents. The exploration is guided by automatic evaluation of the clusters against a closed answer regarded as a categorization. This simplifies the process of selecting interesting clusters. The user formulates a hypothesis from the relation between the cluster content and the closed answer categorization. We have applied our method on an open answer regarding occupation compared to a closed answer on smoking habits. With no prior knowledge of smoking habits in different occupation groups we have generated the hypothesis that farmers smoke less than the average. The hypothesis is supported by several separate surveys. Closed answers are easy to analyze automatically but are restricted and may miss valuable aspects. Open answers, on the other hand, fully capture the dynamics and diversity of possible outcomes. With our method the process of analyzing open answers becomes feasible. 1.

Magnus Rosell; Sumithra Velupillai

2008-01-01

275

Investigating Thought Disorder in Schizophrenia: Evidence for Pathological Activation  

PubMed Central

Background Previous research has yielded evidence for enhanced semantic priming in formal thought-disordered schizophrenia patients, a result that fits well with the hypothesis of disinhibited processes of spreading activation in this population. Objective The current study examined whether hyper priming among schizophrenia patients is an outcome of further spreading of activation of a node or a result of farther activation of nodes in the semantic network. We also try to shed light on the fate of this activation. Methods The present study tested this hypothesis by using semantic and identical priming in two different experiments. SOA (stimulus onset asynchrony) was manipulated (240 ms vs. 740 ms) within block. It is assumed that among healthy individuals, performance relies on a balance between activation and inhibition processes, contrary to in schizophrenic individuals. In order to examine this hypothesis, we compared formal thought-disordered schizophrenia patients, non thought-disordered schizophrenia patients, and healthy controls. Results For thought-disordered schizophrenia patients, we found a large positive semantic effect and identical priming effect (129 ms and 154 ms, respectively) only with short SOA. SOA and type of priming did not modulate priming effects in the control groups. Conclusions This result supports the claim that there is a lack of inhibitory processes among thought-disordered patients. Hyper priming in the thought-disorder group may be an outcome of hyper activation followed by rapid decay below baseline threshold. PMID:24324839

Safadi, Ziad; Lichtenstein-Vidne, Limor; Dobrusin, Michael; Henik, Avishai

2013-01-01

276

Thought disorder and frontotemporal volumes in pediatric epilepsy  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to determine if volumes of frontotemporal regions associated with language were related to thought disorder in 42 children, aged 5–16 years, with cryptogenic epilepsy, all of whom had complex partial seizures (CPS). The children with CPS and 41 age- and gender-matched healthy children underwent brain MRI scans at 1.5 T. Tissue was segmented, and total brain, frontal lobe, and temporal lobe volumes were computed. Thought disorder measures, IQ, and seizure information were collected for each patient. The subjects with CPS had more thought disorder, smaller total gray matter and orbital frontal gray matter volumes, as well as larger temporal lobe white matter volumes than the control group. In the CPS group, thought disorder was significantly related to smaller orbital frontal and inferior frontal gray matter volumes, increased Heschl’s gyrus gray matter volumes, and smaller superior temporal gyrus white matter volumes. However, significantly larger orbital frontal gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, and temporal lobe gray matter volumes and decreased Heschl’s gyrus white matter volumes were associated with thought disorder in the control group. These findings suggest that thought disorder might represent a developmental disability involving frontotemporal regions associated with language in pediatric CPS. PMID:18652915

Caplan, Rochelle; Levitt, Jennifer; Siddarth, Prabha; Taylor, Janelle; Daley, Melita; Wu, Keng Nei; Gurbani, Suresh; Shields, W. Donald; Sankar, Raman

2009-01-01

277

Automatic thermal switch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automatic thermal switch to control heat flow includes a first thermally conductive plate, a second thermally conductive plate and a thermal transfer plate pivotally mounted between the first and second plates. A phase change power unit, including a plunger connected to the transfer plate, is in thermal contact with the first thermally conductive plate. A biasing element, connected to the transfer plate, biases the transfer plate in a predetermined position with respect to the first and second plates. When the phase change power unit is actuated by an increase in heat transmitted through the first plate, the plunger extends and pivots the transfer plate to vary the thermal conduction between the first and second plates through the transfer plate. The biasing element, transfer plate and piston can be arranged to provide either a normally closed or normally open thermally conductive path between the first and second plates.

Wing, L. D.; Cunningham, J. W. (inventors)

1981-01-01

278

Spacecraft automatic umbilical system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conceptual definition of an appropriate berthing technique and a prototype design of an automatic umbilical system suitable for use with payloads carried by the Space Shuttle are presented. A four-element berthing system is described. This concept consists of a set of four remote manipulator system (RMS)-type end-effector capture/tie-down devices on the power system and corresponding RMS-type grapple fittings on the payload. In operation, the RMS maneuvers the payload to a position where the four grapple fittings can be snared within the end-effectors and then secured to the power system. The concept takes advantage of mechanisms and operating techniques developed for attaching the RMS to a payload. Although the umbilical installation is attached to the docking interface structure, its operation is independent and it must comply with a set of primary requirements specified by Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), which is presented.

Rudy, G. C.

1982-01-01

279

Extraversion and anterior vs. posterior DMN activity during self-referential thoughts  

PubMed Central

Recent studies show that fronto-posterior electroencephalogram (EEG) spectral power distribution is associated with personality. Specifically, extraversion is associated with an increase of spectral power in posterior cortical regions that overlap with the posterior default mode network (DMN) hub and a decrease of spectral power in anterior regions that overlap with the anterior DMN hub. Although there is evidence that dopaminergic neurotransmission may be involved, psychological processes that underlie these associations remain unclear. I hypothesize that these processes may have something to do with spontaneous self-referential thoughts. Specifically, I hypothesize that in extraverts self-referential thoughts may be associated with an increase of spectral power in the posterior DMN hub, whereas in introverts they may be associated with an increase of spectral power in the anterior DMN hub. After spontaneous EEG registration, participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire describing their thoughts during the registration. An item describing self-referential positive expectations (SRPE) was used to measure individual differences in the intensity of these processes. Source localization and independent component analyses were applied to EEG data to reveal oscillatory activity associated with the anterior and the posterior DMN hubs. Hierarchical regression analysis showed a significant interaction between extraversion scores and anterior vs. posterior DMN alpha activity in predicting individual differences in SRPE scores. In extraverts, high SRPE scores were associated with an increase of alpha power in the posterior DMN hub, whereas in introverts they were associated with an increase of alpha power in the anterior DMN hub. Results are discussed in terms of differential involvement of the two DMN hubs in self-related reward processes in extraverts and introverts. PMID:23419982

Knyazev, Gennady G.

2013-01-01

280

Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Thougth-Shape Fusion Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The objectives of the study were to analyze the psychometric properties, factor structure and internal consistency of the Spanish version of the Thought-Shape Fusion Questionnaire (TSF-Q), as well as to determine its validity by evaluating the relationship of the TSF-Q to different instruments. Two groups were studied: one comprising 146 patients with a diagnosis of anorexia (n = 82), bulimia (n = 33) or unspecified eating disorder (n = 31), and another group of 115 undergraduates with no history of psychological disorder. All participants completed the TSF-Q, TAF-Q, EDI-2, STAI, BDI and SCL-90-R. Differences in TSF-Q scores between the diagnostic subgroups were also analyzed. Two factors were obtained which coincided with the two sections indicated by the authors of the questionnaire: conceptual and interpretative. The internal consistency of the TSF-Q and its subscales was determined by means of Cronbach's alpha, with values ranging between .93 and .96. The correlations with other instruments reflected adequate validity. There were no significant differences between the diagnostic subgroups. The Spanish version of the TSF-Q meets the psychometric requirements for measuring thought-shape fusion and shows adequate internal consistency and validity. PMID:22379730

Jáuregui Lobera, Ignacio; Santed, Miguel Angel; Shafran, Roz; Santiago, Maria José; Estébanez, Sonia

2012-03-01

281

The development and validation of the food craving acceptance and action questionnaire (FAAQ).  

PubMed

Research has suggested that mindfulness and acceptance may be important factors in the development, maintenance and treatment of both obesity and eating disorders. However, very few scales exist that apply constructs of acceptance and mindfulness to eating behavior. A measure of acceptance about food related thoughts would be especially beneficial in investigating links between acceptance and problematic eating, and in better understanding mechanisms of action of effective treatments for obesity and eating disorders. The Food Acceptance and Awareness Questionnaire (FAAQ) was developed to measure acceptance of urges and cravings to eat or the extent to which individuals might try to control or change these thoughts. The FAAQ is a self-report questionnaire made up of ten items each rated on a seven-point Likert scale (1=very seldom true to 6=always true). Higher scores indicate greater acceptance of motivations to eat. The FAAQ was given to a sample of 463 undergraduate students along with several other measures of eating behavior and other psychological variables. Concurrent associations with variables theorized to be closely linked (Eating Attitudes Test, EAT; the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire, DEBQ; body mass index, BMI) and not very closely linked (the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, DASS) were evaluated in order to indicate the new scale's convergent and divergent validity. These results demonstrated highly significant correlations with these measures in the expected direction, with stronger correlations for the theoretically-consistent variables than the theoretically-inconsistent variables. Exploratory factor analyses confirmed a structural two-factor model. Factor 1 seems to measure one's ability to regulate eating despite urges and cravings, and Factor 2 seems to measure desire to maintain internal control over eating thoughts. The FAAQ was also administered to a separate sample of 29 overweight or obese women enrolled in a weight loss program, and found to be predictive of weight loss. Taken together, results suggest that the FAAQ is a psychometrically sound instrument which might be a valuable tool for assessing acceptance of food related thoughts and urges. PMID:21741015

Juarascio, Adrienne; Forman, Evan; Timko, C Alix; Butryn, Meghan; Goodwin, Christina

2011-08-01

282

Patient Delay in Colorectal Cancer Patients: Associations with Rectal Bleeding and Thoughts about Cancer  

PubMed Central

Rectal bleeding is considered to be an alarm symptom of colorectal cancer. However, the symptom is seldom reported to the general practitioner and it is often assumed that patients assign the rectal bleeding to benign conditions. The aims of this questionnaire study were to examine whether rectal bleeding was associated with longer patient delays in colorectal cancer patients and whether rectal bleeding was associated with cancer worries. All incident colorectal cancer patients during a 1-year period in the County of Aarhus, Denmark, received a questionnaire. 136 colorectal cancer patients returned the questionnaire (response rate: 42%). Patient delay was assessed as the interval from first symptom to help-seeking and was reported by the patient. Patients with rectal bleeding (N?=?81) reported longer patient intervals than patients without rectal bleeding when adjusting for confounders including other symptoms such as pain and changes in bowel habits (HR?=?0.43; p?=?0.004). Thoughts about cancer were not associated with the patient interval (HR?=?1.05; p?=?0.887), but more patients with rectal bleeding reported to have been wondering if their symptom(s) could be due to cancer than patients without rectal bleeding (chi2?=?15.29; p<0.001). Conclusively, rectal bleeding was associated with long patient delays in colorectal cancer patients although more patients with rectal bleeding reported to have been wondering if their symptom(s) could be due to cancer than patients without rectal bleeding. This suggests that assignment of symptoms to benign conditions is not the only explanation of long patient delays in this patient group and that barriers for timely help-seeking should be examined. PMID:23894527

Pedersen, Anette F.; Hansen, Rikke P.; Vedsted, Peter

2013-01-01

283

Dermatophytosis in zoo macropods: a questionnaire study.  

PubMed

Limited published data are available on dermatophytosis in zoo macropods, despite anecdotal reports of disease occurrence and recurrent mob outbreaks. The aim of this questionnaire study was to analyze data from Australian and international zoos to evaluate estimated disease prevalence in zoos housing macropods, affected macropod species, causative organisms, predisposing factors, clinical presentations, diagnostics, treatments, and disease risk management. Two questionnaires (initial detailed and subsequent brief) were distributed via email to zoo veterinarians, with an estimated response rate of 23%. The overall estimated disease prevalence from responding zoos was 28%, with 73% of responding Australian zoos and 14% of responding non-Australian zoos reporting disease. The first cases of confirmed and suspected dermatophytosis in several macropod species and in association with Trichophyton verrucosum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. nodulare are reported, with young red kangaroos (Macropus rufus) appearing predisposed. Diagnosis was most commonly based on fungal culture or presumptively on typical clinical signs of minimally/nonpruritic alopecia, crusting, and scaling distributed most frequently on the tail, pinnae, and hind limbs. Both disease resolution without treatment and resolution after an average of 1 to 2 mo of treatment were reported. PMID:24063082

Boulton, Katie Alyce; Vogelnest, Linda Jean; Vogelnest, Larry

2013-09-01

284

The Pediatric Stroke Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Objective: We developed the Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire (RRQ) by converting the Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure (PSOM) to a questionnaire for telephone interview and sought to validate the RRQ in a large cohort. Method: We analyzed parents' RRQ responses and same-day PSOM assessments for 232 children who had arterial ischemic stroke, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, or presumed perinatal ischemic stroke. We assessed the agreement and consistency of the PSOM and RRQ, and we identified conditions that contributed to differences between the 2 measures. We tested selected factors as predictors of differences between the total PSOM and total RRQ (tPSOM and tRRQ) scores. Results: Median PSOM score was 1.5 and median RRQ score was 1.5. There was good agreement between tPSOM and tRRQ, and RRQ was a reliable estimator of PSOM at the total and component level. Preexisting neurologic deficits or chronic illnesses increased the difference between the tPSOM and tRRQ; the chronic illness effect was confirmed with univariate analysis. Conclusions: The RRQ can characterize poststroke function when a child cannot return for examination. While the RRQ is not identical to the PSOM, the 2 measures likely assess closely related aspects of recovery. The RRQ is particularly useful when assessing outcomes of large cohorts, and will be useful in performing long-term follow-up studies of pediatric stroke. PMID:22895580

Ichord, Rebecca N.; Dowling, Michael M.; Rafay, Mubeen; Templeton, Jeffrey; Halperin, Aviva; Smith, Sabrina E.; Licht, Daniel J.; Moharir, Mahendranath; Askalan, Rand; deVeber, Gabrielle

2012-01-01

285

Automatic Technique for Spectral Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper puts forward two automatic methods to deal with astronomical spectra. An automatic classification method of stellar spectra using the Self Organization Feature Mapping(SOFM) method is given. We use this method to classify stellar spectra automatically. The classification result is very similar to the Harvard sequence. Wavelet method is also used in spectral analysis, the continuum is seperated from the spectral lines through a wavelet filter bank, and the wavelet domain Hidden Markov Model(HMM) is used to denoise the spectra.

Zhao, Yongheng; Xue, Jianqiao; Luo, Ali; Li, Qibin

286

Patient health questionnaire. Using a patient-focused assessment tool.  

PubMed Central

A patient health questionnaire was developed for use in family practice to help identify lifestyle risk factors, assess health care needs, and better understand patients. This article discusses the questionnaire's development and practical application. Images Figure 3 PMID:8616290

Mitchell, J. D.

1996-01-01

287

NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--DESCRIPTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

This data set includes responses for 459 descriptive questionnaires. The Descriptive Questionnaire was used to enumerate individuals within a household for sampling purposes (basis for selection of sample individual), to identify general characteristics of the living quarters and...

288

Development and validation of the Fat Talk Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Fat talk refers to negative body-related conversations between girls or young women. This research aimed to use qualitative data from young women to guide development of a quantitative fat talk measure. In Study 1, a preliminary 62-item questionnaire was developed and administered to 200 female participants. Item analysis resulted in the elimination of items, yielding a final questionnaire with 14 items. Principal components analysis of this questionnaire indicated a single factor. In Study 2, 95 female participants completed the newly developed Fat Talk Questionnaire and theoretically related (e.g., body image) and unrelated (e.g., social desirability) constructs. Additionally, 49 male participants completed the questionnaire to examine known groups validity. In Study 3, 54 participants completed the Fat Talk Questionnaire on two occasions to assess temporal stability. The results showed that the Fat Talk Questionnaire is reliable and valid. The Fat Talk Questionnaire may have important utility in future research. PMID:23201392

Royal, Sarah; Macdonald, Danielle E; Dionne, Michelle M

2013-01-01

289

Automatic Command Sequence Generation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic Sequence Generator (Autogen) Version 3.0 software automatically generates command sequences for the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) and several other JPL spacecraft operated by the multi-mission support team. Autogen uses standard JPL sequencing tools like APGEN, ASP, SEQGEN, and the DOM database to automate the generation of uplink command products, Spacecraft Command Message Format (SCMF) files, and the corresponding ground command products, DSN Keywords Files (DKF). Autogen supports all the major multi-mission mission phases including the cruise, aerobraking, mapping/science, and relay mission phases. Autogen is a Perl script, which functions within the mission operations UNIX environment. It consists of two parts: a set of model files and the autogen Perl script. Autogen encodes the behaviors of the system into a model and encodes algorithms for context sensitive customizations of the modeled behaviors. The model includes knowledge of different mission phases and how the resultant command products must differ for these phases. The executable software portion of Autogen, automates the setup and use of APGEN for constructing a spacecraft activity sequence file (SASF). The setup includes file retrieval through the DOM (Distributed Object Manager), an object database used to store project files. This step retrieves all the needed input files for generating the command products. Depending on the mission phase, Autogen also uses the ASP (Automated Sequence Processor) and SEQGEN to generate the command product sent to the spacecraft. Autogen also provides the means for customizing sequences through the use of configuration files. By automating the majority of the sequencing generation process, Autogen eliminates many sequence generation errors commonly introduced by manually constructing spacecraft command sequences. Through the layering of commands into the sequence by a series of scheduling algorithms, users are able to rapidly and reliably construct the desired uplink command products. With the aid of Autogen, sequences may be produced in a matter of hours instead of weeks, with a significant reduction in the number of people on the sequence team. As a result, the uplink product generation process is significantly streamlined and mission risk is significantly reduced. Autogen is used for operations of MRO, Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Mars Odyssey, and will be used for operations of Phoenix. Autogen Version 3.0 is the operational version of Autogen including the MRO adaptation for the cruise mission phase, and was also used for development of the aerobraking and mapping mission phases for MRO.

Fisher, Forest; Gladded, Roy; Khanampompan, Teerapat

2007-01-01

290

Young and restless: validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) reveals disruptive impact of mind-wandering for youth  

PubMed Central

Mind-wandering is the focus of extensive investigation, yet until recently there has been no validated scale to directly measure trait levels of task-unrelated thought. Scales commonly used to assess mind-wandering lack face validity, measuring related constructs such as daydreaming or behavioral errors. Here we report four studies validating a Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) across college, high school, and middle school samples. The 5-item scale showed high internal consistency, as well as convergent validity with existing measures of mind-wandering and related constructs. Trait levels of mind-wandering, as measured by the MWQ, were correlated with task-unrelated thought measured by thought sampling during a test of reading comprehension. In both middle school and high school samples, mind-wandering during testing was associated with worse reading comprehension. By contrast, elevated trait levels of mind-wandering predicted worse mood, less life-satisfaction, greater stress, and lower self-esteem. By extending the use of thought sampling to measure mind-wandering among adolescents, our findings also validate the use of this methodology with younger populations. Both the MWQ and thought sampling indicate that mind-wandering is a pervasive—and problematic—influence on the performance and well-being of adolescents. PMID:23986739

Mrazek, Michael D.; Phillips, Dawa T.; Franklin, Michael S.; Broadway, James M.; Schooler, Jonathan W.

2013-01-01

291

Spontaneous repetitive thoughts can be adaptive: postscript on "mind wandering".  

PubMed

When researchers use the term mind wandering for task-unrelated thoughts in signal detection tasks, we may fall into the trap of believing that spontaneous thoughts are task unrelated in a deeper sense. Similar negative connotations are attached to common terms like cognitive failures, resting state, rumination, distraction, attentional failures, absent-mindedness, repetitiveness, mind lapses, going AWOL in the brain, cortical idling, and the like. Nevertheless, it seems obvious that mathematicians and scientists often engage in spontaneous repetitive thoughts and that the results of those thoughts are by no means maladaptive. Yet that seems to be implied by the standard use of common terms in the research literature. As humans, we know that spontaneous ideation goes on during all of our waking hours, during dreams and even in slow-wave sleep. It is unlikely that such a great allocation of mental resources has no useful adaptive function. This view of the spontaneous stream is consistent with the perspective of global workspace theory on conscious contents, which suggests that conscious events are not like unconscious cognitive representations. Rather, conscious events trigger widespread adaptive changes in the brain, far beyond their cortical origins. The brain evidence for such "global broadcasting" triggered by conscious (but not matched unconscious) events throughout the cortex is now quite compelling. Spontaneous conscious thoughts, even if they appear to be arbitrary, irrelevant, unwanted, or intrusive, may still play an important adaptive role in life-relevant problem solving and learning. PMID:20192560

Baars, Bernard J

2010-03-01

292

Computerised paediatric asthma quality of life questionnaires in routine care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Asthma quality of life questionnaires are not readily incorporated into clinical care. We therefore computerised the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (standardised) (PAQLQ(S)) and the Paediatric Asthma Caregivers Quality of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ), with a colour-coded printed graphical report.Objectives: To (a) assess the feasibility of the electronic questionnaires in clinical care and (b) compare the child’s PAQLQ scores

H Mussaffi; R Omer; D Prais; M Mei-Zahav; T Weiss-Kasirer; Z Botzer; H Blau

2007-01-01

293

Adolescent Attachment Questionnaire: A Brief Assessment of Attachment in Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Adolescent Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ), a brief questionnaire to assess attachment characteristics in adolescents, was developed and validated in a large normative sample (n = 691) and a sample of 133 adolescents in psychiatric treatment. The AAQ is a self-report questionnaire consisting of 3 scales of 3 statements each, with Likert-type responses from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The Availability

Malcolm West; M. Sarah Rose; Sheila Spreng; Adrienne Sheldon-Keller; Kenneth Adam

1998-01-01

294

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258 315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires.

Phil Edwards; Ian Roberts; Mike Clarke; Carolyn DiGuiseppi; Sarah Pratap; Reinhard Wentz; Irene Kwan

2002-01-01

295

Questionnaire Surveys: Four Survey Instruments in Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents four questionnaire surveys administered in educational research. Each of the questionnaires is followed by a brief research report with an abstract and summary statistics. The first survey, "Guam Undergraduate Women Questionnaire," explores the status aspiration and gender awareness of undergraduate women in Guam. Responses of…

Inoue, Yukiko

296

Automatic analysis of images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new approaches and computer codes (A&CC) for automatic analysis of images are offered. The A&CC are based on presentation of object image as a collection of pixels of various colours and consecutive painting of distinguished itself parts of the image in unusual manner. The A&CC have technical objectives centred on such direction as: 1) image processing (filtration, elimination of noise, segmentation), 2) image feature extraction, 3) image analysis, 4) recognition of image and object and some others. Additional possibilities of the A&CC dealing with usage of artificial neural networks technologies. The A&CC allows to obtain various geometrical and statistical parameters of object image and object. Among them: coordinates and maximum values of cross sizes of every individual part of object image, its square and perimeter, histogram of individual parts with respect to size as well as with respect to type, to form, etc. The opportunities of the A&CC are tested at image analysis of model fires and plumes of the sprayed fluid, ensembles of particles, at a decoding of interferometric images, for elimination of a noise of the images, for filtration of the image, at detection of objects.

Abrukov, Victor S.

2004-06-01

297

AUTOMATIC DIFFERENTIATION TOOLS IN OPTIMIZATION ...  

E-print Network

We discuss the role of automatic di erentiation tools in optimization software. We. emphasize issues ..... machines. In an optimization .... the unknowns are determined in a given order, either directly or as a linear combination of. elements that ...

298

Suggestion overrides automatic audiovisual integration.  

PubMed

Cognitive scientists routinely distinguish between controlled and automatic mental processes. Through learning, practice, and exposure, controlled processes can become automatic; however, whether automatic processes can become deautomatized - recuperated under the purview of control - remains unclear. Here we show that a suggestion derails a deeply ingrained process involving involuntary audiovisual integration. We compared the performance of highly versus less hypnotically suggestible individuals (HSIs versus LSIs) in a classic McGurk paradigm - a perceptual illusion task demonstrating the influence of visual facial movements on auditory speech percepts. Following a posthypnotic suggestion to prioritize auditory input, HSIs but not LSIs manifested fewer illusory auditory perceptions and correctly identified more auditory percepts. Our findings demonstrate that a suggestion deautomatized a ballistic audiovisual process in HSIs. In addition to guiding our knowledge regarding theories and mechanisms of automaticity, the present findings pave the road to a more scientific understanding of top-down effects and multisensory integration. PMID:24398260

Déry, Catherine; Campbell, Natasha K J; Lifshitz, Michael; Raz, Amir

2014-02-01

299

Automatic programming of simulation models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of automatic programming is to improve the overall environment for describing the program. This improved environment is realized by a reduction in the amount of detail that the programmer needs to know and is exposed to. Furthermore, this improved environment is achieved by a specification language that is more natural to the user's problem domain and to the user's way of thinking and looking at the problem. The goal of this research is to apply the concepts of automatic programming (AP) to modeling discrete event simulation system. Specific emphasis is on the design and development of simulation tools to assist the modeler define or construct a model of the system and to then automatically write the corresponding simulation code in the target simulation language, GPSS/PC. A related goal is to evaluate the feasibility of various languages for constructing automatic programming simulation tools.

Schroer, Bernard J.; Tseng, Fan T.; Zhang, Shou X.; Dwan, Wen S.

1988-01-01

300

Some Projects in Automatic Programming  

E-print Network

This paper proposes three research topics within the general framework of Automatic Programming. The projects are designing (1) a student programmer, (2) a robot programmer and (3) a physicist's helper. The purpose of these ...

Goldstein, Ira

301

Relationship specificity of aggressogenic thought-behavior processes.  

PubMed

The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the relationship specificity of aggressogenic thought-behavior processes and to investigate the role of self-esteem in translating or inhibiting aggressogenic thought into aggression toward personally liked and disliked targets. Participants (186 Finnish boys and girls; 11-12 years old at Time 1) completed measures twice over a 1-year interval. We assessed children's attributions of hostility, relational goals, expectations of anger, and self-efficacy at Time 1 as well as aggression, at both time points, toward their previously identified liked and disliked peers. Our results mostly supported our hypothesis that cognitions guide behavior mainly within the relationship context. Moreover, high self-esteem potentiated cognition-behavior links toward children's own liked peer but inhibited the actualization of aggressogenic thought toward children's disliked peer. These findings highlight the importance of taking a Person × Situation approach when studying cognition-behavior processes. PMID:21604893

Peets, Kätlin; Hodges, Ernest V E; Salmivalli, Christina

2011-08-01

302

The quantitative ADAM questionnaire: a new tool in quantifying the severity of hypogonadism  

PubMed Central

Androgen deficiency is a pervasive problem in the older male population and is thought to be responsible for many symptoms once considered to be the result of normal aging. Numerous methods have been proposed to facilitate the detection of men at risk for androgen deficiency. In this article, we propose a novel screening tool, the quantitative Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male (qADAM) questionnaire and report its successful use in quantifying the severity of androgen deficiency in a group of older men. Fifty-seven males scheduled to undergo radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer completed the qADAM as well as the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) and the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite hormonal/sexual (EPICh/EPICs) questionnaires. Thirty-four men also had serum testosterone levels measured for comparison. The qADAM showed statistically significant correlation to the SHIM (P=0.001), EPICh (P=0.016), EPICs (P=<0.001), and serum testosterone (P=0.046). The qADAM represents a viable alternative to existing questionnaires used to detect androgen deficiency and to assess response to treatment. PMID:19657348

Mohamed, O; Freundlich, R E; Dakik, H K; Grober, E D; Najari, B; Lipshultz, L I; Khera, M

2009-01-01

303

Development of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire 24, a Clinically Utilitarian Version of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To use principal-components analysis to obtain a shorter and therefore more clinically useful version of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ). Subjects: A British sample of 214 chronic back pain patients attending outpatient spinal assessment. Results: A 4-factor solution was discovered that incorporates Catastrophizing, Diversion, Cognitive Coping, and Reinterpreting factors. Apart from the absence of a Praying and Hoping factor,

Nicholas J. Harland; Karen Georgieff

2003-01-01

304

Questionnaire Design, Return Rates, and Response Favorableness in an Employee Attitude Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topic order and location of demographic items were systematically varied in an employee attitude survey distributed to 1,188 office personnel of a single organization. With six questionnaire topic areas arranged in the order that matched employee representatives' perceptions of employee priorities, returns were higher (96%) than with any of five random orders (average 78%). Returns were higher with demographic items

Michael T. Roberson; Eric Sundstrom

1990-01-01

305

Residency Questionnaire Requirements & Instructions ATTENTION GRADUATE STUDENTS: Please submit the Residency Questionnaire to the Graduate School.  

E-print Network

Residency Questionnaire Requirements & Instructions Page 1 ATTENTION GRADUATE STUDENTS: Please://registrar.wsu.edu/Registrar/Apps/Residency.ASPX DEADLINE DATE: 30th day of classes of the term for which you are seeking residency (i.e. if you are seeking

Collins, Gary S.

306

Section 2 The questionnaire data Page 13 2. The questionnaire data  

E-print Network

with the problem of jury selection arose from a re- quest by the Public Defender's Office that I analyse a batch it difficult to draw convincing conclusions about minority representa- tion on the jury panels. Similar questionnaire form and more careful supervision by court personnel, there Report on Juror Selection: 18 May 1997

Pollard, David

307

Junior Electronics Workshops and Their Questionnaires Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a trial to educate electronics for both elementary pupils and junior-high students is reported. A “making your own radio” workshop for elementary kids features a paper-craft resonator made of toilet paper cores and an empty box of tissue papers as well as solder-less main radio circuit. For elder elementary and junior-high pupils, a workshop making a bat detector (an ultra-sonic receiver) is provided to help their summer vacation research. Both workshops are planned to enlarge students wishing to knock the door of electronics. Also, we report questionnaires results for those workshops and follow up research results for bat detector workshop. Those results show that both children and parents long for good experiences on science/electronics materials and these experiences are important for future human resources in scientific fields including analog electronics.

Muto, Cosy; Maruta, Shuichiro; Noyori, Kazumasa; Yanaida, Masashi

308

The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire.  

PubMed

To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support. PMID:24686955

Freeman, Paul; Coffee, Pete; Moll, Tjerk; Rees, Tim; Sammy, Nadine

2014-04-01

309

Techniques for Automatic Magnetic Resonance Image Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Designing and developing automatic techniques for magnetic resonance images (MR) for data analysis is very challenging. One popular and public available method, FAST (FMRIB Automatic Segmentation Tool) has been widely used for automatic brain tissue segmentation for this purpose. This paper investigates limitations of this software algorithm on implementation and further develops a new approach to automatic MR brain tissue

Hsian-Min Chen; Shih-Yu Chen; Jyh Wen Chai; Clayton Chi-Chang Chen; Chao-Cheng Wu; Yen-Chieh Ouyang; Ching Tsorng Tsai; Ching-Wen Yang; San-Kan Lee; Chein-I Chang

2010-01-01

310

Operating safety of automatic objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Operating-safety assurance for automatic objects (aircraft, spacecraft, and underwater vehicles) is considered in the framework of safety-automata theory and automatic-control considerations. The interaction between the operator and the safety-assurance facilities is considered. Methodological recommendations are presented on the specification of reliability requirements for the vehicles considered, as well as on automata synthesis and analysis considerations, test planning, and the analysis of test results.

Maiorov, Anatolii Vladimirovich; Moskatov, Genrikh Karlovich; Shibanov, Georgii Petrovich

311

Automatic safety rod for reactors  

DOEpatents

An automatic safety rod for a nuclear reactor containing neutron absorbing material and designed to be inserted into a reactor core after a loss-of-core flow. Actuation is based upon either a sudden decrease in core pressure drop or the pressure drop decreases below a predetermined minimum value. The automatic control rod includes a pressure regulating device whereby a controlled decrease in operating pressure due to reduced coolant flow does not cause the rod to drop into the core.

Germer, John H. (San Jose, CA)

1988-01-01

312

Clinical COPD Questionnaire score (CCQ) and mortality  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) measures health status and can be used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL). We investigated whether CCQ is also associated with mortality. Methods Some 1111 Swedish primary and secondary care chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients were randomly selected. Information from questionnaires and medical record review were obtained in 970 patients. The Swedish Board of Health and Welfare provided mortality data. Cox regression estimated survival, with adjustment for age, sex, heart disease, and lung function (for a subset with spirometry data, n = 530). Age and sex-standardized mortality ratios were calculated. Results Over 5 years, 220 patients (22.7%) died. Mortality risk was higher for mean CCQ ? 3 (37.8% died) compared with mean CCQ < 1 (11.4%), producing an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (and 95% confidence interval [CI]) of 3.13 (1.98 to 4.95). After further adjustment for 1 second forced expiratory volume (expressed as percent of the European Community for Steel and Coal reference values ), the association remained (HR 2.94 [1.42 to 6.10]). The mortality risk was higher than in the general population, with standardized mortality ratio (and 95% CI) of 1.87 (1.18 to 2.80) with CCQ < 1, increasing to 6.05 (4.94 to 7.44) with CCQ ? 3. Conclusion CCQ is predictive of mortality in COPD patients. As HRQL and mortality are both important clinical endpoints, CCQ could be used to target interventions. PMID:23277739

Sundh, Josefin; Janson, Christer; Lisspers, Karin; Montgomery, Scott; Stallberg, Bjorn

2012-01-01

313

Old Dad Chiro: his thoughts, words, and deeds  

PubMed Central

Objective This article offers the author's opinions about some of the thoughts, words, and deeds of the profession's founder, Daniel David Palmer. Discussion Reviewing D.D. Palmer's writings is challenging because he was the discoverer and founder of a developing profession and therefore his thoughts and words were rapidly evolving. Statements made by Palmer without judicious consideration of context could easily be misunderstood. Conclusion D.D. Palmer was individualistic and enigmatic. This commentary provides a look at the whole in an attempt to reveal the character and spirit of the founder. PMID:22693470

Brown, Myron D.

2010-01-01

314

Automatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document represents two views of the Automatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT). One viewgraph presentation reviews the development and system design of Automatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT). Two types of ACAT exist: Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance (AGCAS) and Automatic Air Collision Avoidance (AACAS). The AGCAS Uses Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) for mapping functions, and uses Navigation data to place aircraft on map. It then scans DTED in front of and around aircraft and uses future aircraft trajectory (5g) to provide automatic flyup maneuver when required. The AACAS uses data link to determine position and closing rate. It contains several canned maneuvers to avoid collision. Automatic maneuvers can occur at last instant and both aircraft maneuver when using data link. The system can use sensor in place of data link. The second viewgraph presentation reviews the development of a flight test and an evaluation of the test. A review of the operation and comparison of the AGCAS and a pilot's performance are given. The same review is given for the AACAS is given.

Swihart, Donald E.; Skoog, Mark A.

2007-01-01

315

Developing questionnaires for educational research: AMEE Guide No. 87.  

PubMed

In this AMEE Guide, we consider the design and development of self-administered surveys, commonly called questionnaires. Questionnaires are widely employed in medical education research. Unfortunately, the processes used to develop such questionnaires vary in quality and lack consistent, rigorous standards. Consequently, the quality of the questionnaires used in medical education research is highly variable. To address this problem, this AMEE Guide presents a systematic, seven-step process for designing high-quality questionnaires, with particular emphasis on developing survey scales. These seven steps do not address all aspects of survey design, nor do they represent the only way to develop a high-quality questionnaire. Instead, these steps synthesize multiple survey design techniques and organize them into a cohesive process for questionnaire developers of all levels. Addressing each of these steps systematically will improve the probabilities that survey designers will accurately measure what they intend to measure. PMID:24661014

Artino, Anthony R; La Rochelle, Jeffrey S; Dezee, Kent J; Gehlbach, Hunter

2014-06-01

316

The Little Thoughts of Thinking Machines John McCarthy  

E-print Network

with computers and other machines, we often use lan- guage ordinarily used for talking about people. We may say of a vending machine, `It wants another ten cents for a lousy candy bar.' We may say of an automatic teller't be necessary for most people to know very much about how they work internally, but what we will have to know

317

Adolescent self-harm and suicidal thoughts in the ALSPAC cohort: a self-report survey in England  

PubMed Central

Background Substantial numbers of adolescents self-harm, but the majority of cases do not reach the attention of medical services, making community studies essential. The prevalence of suicidal thoughts and plans at this age, and the inter-relationships between suicidal thoughts, plans and self-harm remain largely unexplored. Method Cross-sectional analysis of self-reported questionnaire data collected from members of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort, England. Respondents (n?=?4810) were aged 16–17?years old and have been followed up since birth. Results Altogether 905 (18.8%) respondents had ever self-harmed. The prevalence of lifetime self-harm was higher in females (25.6%) than males (9.1%). The most commonly used method was self-cutting: this was used alone or in combination in 73.5% of episodes, compared to 10.0% who took overdoses alone or in combination with other methods. Of those who reported self-harm, 25.3% wanted to die during the most recent episode. Concurrent depression was associated with a greatly increased risk of self-harm (OR 5.43). Only 12.4% of participants sought medical help following their most recent episode of self-harm, although this figure was higher (30.1%) where self-harm was carried out with desire to die. Of the whole sample, 15.8% had ever thought of killing themselves, and 4.3% had ever made plans to kill themselves. Compared to those who had never self-harmed, those who had self-harmed but not wanted to die during the most recent episode were at increased risk of ever having had suicidal thoughts (37.6% compared to 7.8% ?2 =102.3, p?thoughts and plans. Conclusions Self-harm and suicidal thoughts are common among 16/17?year olds. Although the majority of self-harm behaviour is not accompanied by a desire to die, all self-harm regardless of motivation is associated with increased risk of suicidal thoughts and plans, particularly when it is carried out repeatedly. PMID:22737989

2012-01-01

318

Is Bead Find Proof Modern Thought Began in Africa?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from National Geographic examines the consequences of the discovery of human-crafted ostrich-eggshell beads in Africa that appear to be 70,000 years old. The find suggests that humans were capable of symbolic thought much earlier than previously believed.

Mayell, Hillary; News, National G.

319

East and West: some immanent thoughts on paradigmatic intersection  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of its long history under the weight of political, economical, and cultural imperialism, Latin America still suffers in many ways from West-centric cultural colonization. This influence is notably strong in the academic milieu. Following Shi-xu's suggestion that new and more inclusive Eastern paradigms should be constructed out of the dialogue between Eastern and Western thought, this paper

Matías Soich

2010-01-01

320

Addressing STEM Retention through a Scientific Thought and Methods Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Retention of majors in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is a national problem that continues to be the focus of bridging and first-year experience programs. This article presents an innovative course, Scientific Thought and Methods, that targets students with low math placement scores. These students are not eligible for…

Koenig, Kathleen; Schen, Melissa; Edwards, Michael; Bao, Lei

2012-01-01

321

Thoughts on an Unified Framework for Artificial Chemistries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Artificial Chemistries (ACs) are symbolic chemical metaphors for the explo- ration of Artificial Life, with specific focus on the problem of biogenesis or the origin of life. This paper presents authors thoughts towards defining a unified framework to characterize and classify symbolic artificial chemistries by devising appropriate formalism to capture semantic and organizational information. We identify three basic high level

Janardan Misra

2009-01-01

322

Latin American Political Thought Paulina Ochoa Espejo Summer 2013  

E-print Network

Latin American Political Thought PLSC 328 LATS 328 Paulina Ochoa Espejo Summer 2013 e-mail : ana that Latin American thinkers have given to the fundamental questions in social and political philosophy: Who Cruz, Poems, Protests and a Dream, trans. M Sayers Peden NY, Penguin, 1997 Fernando Henrique Cardoso

323

Superculture? Thoughts Prompted by Roland S. Persson's Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author finds Roland S. Persson's (2012a) paper to be timely, fascinating, important and powerful. At risk of mixing metaphors, it provides much food for thought and a penetrating lens through which all those vested in the optimal realisation of human potential would be prudent to review their own perceptions, boundaries of belief and…

Tebbs, Trevor J.

2012-01-01

324

Playing Prosocial Video Games Increases the Accessibility of Prosocial Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research has provided abundant evidence that playing violent video games increases aggressive tendencies. In contrast, evidence on possible positive effects of video game exposure on prosocial tendencies has been relatively sparse. The present research tested and found support for the hypothesis that exposure to prosocial video games increases the accessibility of prosocial thoughts. These results provide support to the

Tobias Greitemeyer; Silvia Osswald

2011-01-01

325

Some thoughts on Le Cam's statistical decision theory David Pollard  

E-print Network

Some thoughts on Le Cam's statistical decision theory by David Pollard Statistics Department Yale. The paper contains some musings about the abstractions introduced by Lucien Le Cam into the asymptotic of a local asymptotic minimax theorem, are presented as an illustration of how Le Cam's approach leads

Pollard, David

326

An Outsider's Ethnographic Thoughts about Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article gives Michael Agar's email responses to two questions put by Gavin Melles: "What are your thoughts on the advantages and dangers of developments in applied anthropology for ethnographic and anthropology practice?" and "What are your impressions of the potential and actual use of ethnography in design?" The…

Agar, Michael

2014-01-01

327

THE SEER OF THE FLESH Tolstoy's Art and Thought  

E-print Network

and Peace under a tree's graciously given shade, you haven't lived." -- Professor Patyk, 2012 Leo TolstoyTHE SEER OF THE FLESH Tolstoy's Art and Thought RUSS36 LIT/W "Nothing seems to escape Tolstoy will ask: what is the relationship of seeing to literary art? What distinguishes Tolstoy's seeing from our

Myers, Lawrence C.

328

Pause for Thought: Why Bernstein Was Not a Psycholinguist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bernstein recognised that his claims about the role of language in education, and the differential success of children from different social strata were effectively claims about underlying psychological processes, and the relationship between language and thought. In attempting to bridge the gap between macro-sociological analyses and individual…

Good, David

2009-01-01

329

The History of Women's Management Thought: A Snapshot.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze women's contributions to the history and development of management concepts. The paper discusses the needs and reasons for this type of exploration and compares differences between men and women in relation to the development of management thought. A historical profile from the early 1800s which…

Brouwer, Lynette F.

330

Building Idea Networks. Corporate Management with Thought Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citing increased attention now focused on networking in organizational contexts, this paper addresses two networking questions related to an organization's strategic purpose: how the organization's formal and informal networking channels are connected, and how they are managed and maintained. Thought processing is defined as a networking system…

Cross, Thomas B.

331

Evolution of Management Thought in the Ancient Times.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that although systematic management thought is a distinctly modern development, the writings of ancient scholars and records of ancient rulers infer that they understood the rudiments of management principles and concepts. To support this thesis, the author reviews the evidence of management practices and concepts in various…

Sharma, C. L.

332

Do we need to challenge thoughts in cognitive behavior therapy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) emphasizes the primacy of cognition in mediating psychological disorder. It aims to alleviate distress by modifying cognitive content and process, realigning thinking with reality. Recently, various authors have questioned the need for CBT therapists to use logico?rational strategies to directly challenge maladaptive thoughts. Hayes [Hayes, S.C. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy and the new behavior therapies.

Richard J. Longmore; Michael Worrell

2007-01-01

333

GEOGRAPHY 200B: GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT, RESEARCH, AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

1 GEOGRAPHY 200B: GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT, RESEARCH, AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT image source: www eventual components of a written proposal. THEME 2 GEOGRAPHY AS A PROFESSIONAL DISCIPLINE 1. Describe four prominent domains: geography as place, geography as space, geography as changes on the face

Lopez-Carr, David

334

Thought Swap Activity Teacher Guide Approximate Time: 20-minutes  

E-print Network

influence, such as use of water as coolant in a power plant. Question 3: How do you think plastic pollution on pollution and marine debris to be uncovered. The `thought swap' can be completed in approximately 20-minutes by asking fewer questions, or other topics can be explored. Question 1: What is pollution? · Pollution

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

335

Competing Visions of the Corporation in Catholic Social Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catholic Social Thought (CST) is coherent body of principles concerning the organization of social and economic life drawing on the inspiration of natural law, Thomism, the Gospel and the tradition of Christian personalism. While valuing the creative energy of capitalism and its contributions to the production of wealth, it is often highly critical of the inequalities generated by capitalism, its

Mark Sargent

336

Sex, Lies, and Residence Life: Delaware's Thought Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Delaware has a zero-tolerance policy for anything remotely resembling "hate speech." As such, the school implemented a mandatory training for all 7,000-odd students in its dorms. The sessions were part of a thorough thought-reform curriculum, designed by the school's Office of Residence Life, psychologically to "treat" and…

Kissel, Adam

2009-01-01

337

Value of Demand Response Theoretical thoughts Klaus Skytte  

E-print Network

Value of Demand Response ­ Theoretical thoughts Klaus Skytte Systems Analysis Department February 7;Transfers /MWh MWhqloadqload MCproducers pspot CP pspot #12;Welfare loss of average prices The total welfare loss during a period of time is the sum of welfare losses in each time step. Even if the consumer price

338

Academic Achievement and Formal Thought in Engineering Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Research on university-level academic performance has significantly linked failure and dropping out to formal reasoning deficiency. We have not found any papers on formal thought in Argentine university students, in spite of the obvious shortcomings observed in the classrooms. Thus, the main objective of this paper was exploring the…

Vazquez, Stella Maris; de Anglat, Hilda Difabio

2009-01-01

339

Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite evidence pointing to a ubiquitous tendency of human minds to wander, little is known about the neural operations that support this core component of human cognition. Using both thought sampling and brain imaging, the current investigation demonstrated that mind-wandering is associated with activity in a default network of cortical regions that are active when the brain is ``at rest.''

Malia F. Mason; Michael I. Norton; John D. Van Horn; Daniel M. Wegner; Scott T. Grafton; C. Neil Macrae

2007-01-01

340

Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite evidence pointing to a ubiquitous tendency of human minds to wander, little is known about the neural operations that support this core component of human cognition. Using both thought sampling and brain imaging, the current investigation demonstrated that mind-wandering is associated with activity in a default network of cortical regions that are active when the brain is \\

Malia F. Mason; Michael I. Norton; John D. Van Horn; Daniel M. Wegner; Scott T. Grafton; C. Neil Macrae

2007-01-01

341

Formal Thought Disorder, Neuropsychology and Insight in Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Information provided by patients with schizophrenia and their respective carers is used to study the descriptive psychopathology and neuropsychology of formal thought disorder (FTD). Sampling and Methods: Relatively intellectually preserved schizophrenia patients (n = 31) exhibiting from no to severe positive FTD completed a self-report scale of FTD, a scale of insight as well as several tests of executive

Álvaro Barrera; Peter J. McKenna; German E. Berrios

2009-01-01

342

The Use and Development of the Career Thoughts Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI) is a theory-based assessment and intervention resource intended to improve the quality of career decisions made by adults, college students, and high school students, while at the same time improving the quality of career services delivered to them. It is a self-administered, objectively scored measure of…

Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.; Lenz, Janet G.; Reardon, Robert C.; Saunders, Denise E.

343

Poli 150: Introduction to Political Thought The College of Charleston  

E-print Network

affairs. The course will be a combination of surveying the history of political thought beginning essentially a political animal?), whether politics is desirable, political subjectivity, justice, freedom tests along with an equally weighted in class presentation. Tests will consist of a combination

Young, Paul Thomas

344

Thoughts of Death and Suicide in Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence and persistence of thoughts of death and suicide during early adolescence were estimated in a community-based cohort. A latent class approach was used to identify distinct subgroups based on endorsements to depression items administered repeatedly over 24 months. Two classes emerged, with 75% in a low ideation class across four…

Vander Stoep, Ann; McCauley, Elizabeth; Flynn, Cynthia; Stone, Andrea

2009-01-01

345

TEACHING AND LEARNING PORTFOLIOS: THOUGHTFULLY PRESENTING YOURSELF FOR A  

E-print Network

TEACHING AND LEARNING PORTFOLIOS: THOUGHTFULLY PRESENTING YOURSELF FOR A SUCCESSFUL FACULTY CAREER A GUIDEBOOK A teaching and learning portfolio serves in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Delta Certificate in Research, Teaching, and Learning. #12;ii The Delta Program is a project of the Center

Liblit, Ben

346

PROSTHETIC limbs controlled by thought alone could soon be  

E-print Network

-innervation. To equip a patient with a TMR prosthetic arm, they cut the redundant nerves serving nearby chest muscles are detected by an array of electrodes sitting on the skin and used to control the motorised prosthetic armTechnology PROSTHETIC limbs controlled by thought alone could soon be capable of vastly more

Saif, Umar

347

Food for Thought: Expanding School Breakfast to NJ Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief marks the start of "Advocates for Children of New Jersey's Food for Thought School Breakfast Campaign", which seeks to expand innovative approaches to serving school breakfast and significantly increase students' participation rates. This report provides a closer look at the data, including identifying districts that have high…

Allen-Kyle, Portia; Parello, Nancy

2011-01-01

348

Utopian and dystopian thought in climate change science and policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change policies are increasingly seen as integral to sustainable development policies. This article examines how visions of future society have been employed in climate science and multilateral negotiations. Using elements of utopian and dystopian thought, we have categorized UNFCCC documents, IPCC assessments, and special reports and peer-reviewed climate policy articles. Our results indicate that utopian thinking surfaces with reference

Mattias Hjerpe; Björn-Ola Linnér

2009-01-01

349

Developmental Patterns in Spoken Language and Causal Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined patterns of development in spoken interaction and types of causal thought that might reflect the human capacity to displace, that is, to shift reference from the present moment to another moment in time. Participants were four infants and their parents, who came to a laboratory for one-half hour every 2 weeks from the child's…

Yingling, Julie M.

350

Between Thoughts and Actions: Motivationally Salient Cues Invigorate  

E-print Network

upon a cascade of covert mental actions including motor imagery and planning. Here we investigated howNeuron Article Between Thoughts and Actions: Motivationally Salient Cues Invigorate Mental Action cues imbued with motivational salience can invigorate motor imagery networks preceding action. We

Dudai, Yadin

351

Parent-Adolescent Agreement Concerning Adolescents' Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is critical in risk assessment, and multi-informant assessment has been recommended. Despite this, relatively little is known about parent-adolescent agreement regarding adolescent suicidality. To examine the extent and predictors of such agreement, 448 psychiatrically hospitalized…

Klaus, Nicole M.; Mobilio, Andrea; King, Cheryl A.

2009-01-01

352

Climate, Career Development, and Chairs: Some (Debatable) Thoughts  

E-print Network

Climate, Career Development, and Chairs: Some (Debatable) Thoughts What Does "Climate" Mean and How Do We Recognize It? 1. Climate refers to those aspects of the professional working environment that enhance or detract from perceptions of "fit" and "appreciation" among colleagues. Climate shapes

Sheridan, Jennifer

353

Moral action as social capital, moral thought as cultural capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the idea that moral thought\\/reasoning and moral actions are actually two separate phenomena that have little relationship to each other. The idea that moral thinking does or can control moral action creates a difficult dualism between our knowledge about morality and our everyday actions. These differences run parallel to the distinction between social capital and cultural capital—where

Min Ju Kang; Michael Glassman

2010-01-01

354

Thoughts on Architecting ... and How to Improve the Practice  

E-print Network

Thoughts on Architecting ... and How to Improve the Practice by Brad Mercer Principal Architect, processes, other systems, and/or any other natural or artificial (i.e. man-made) things ­ much more than and predict the behavior of the systems we will construct Why do we Practice Architecting? The Architecting

355

9 A Tool for Thought and Transformation: Gender-  

E-print Network

analysis; constructivism; intersectionality; social change; gender roles; gender and development. #12185 9 A Tool for Thought and Transformation: Gender- Considerate Global Change Research in Practice Fernández Álvarez6 Abstract This contribution illustrates aspects of gender and development research

Richner, Heinz

356

Two types of impairments in OCD: obsessions, as problems of thought suppression; compulsions, as behavioral-executive impairment.  

PubMed

Impairments in executive functioning have been identified as an underlying cause of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Obsessive patients attempt to suppress certain unwanted thoughts through a mechanism that Wegner referred to as 'chronic thought suppression', whereas compulsive patients are unable to inhibit their rituals. We tested 51 OCD patients using the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) and the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX). Executive functions were tested using a cognitive test battery. We found that the total WBSI score was correlated with the Y-BOCS obsessive score but not with the Y-BOCS compulsive score. A stronger correlation was observed between the Y-BOCS obsessive score and the 'unwanted intrusive thoughts' factor based on Blumberg's 3-factor model of the WBSI. The total WBSI score was not correlated with the cognitive test results. The DEX score was significantly correlated with the Y-BOCS compulsive score; however, no correlation was found between the DEX score and the Y-BOCS obsessive score. A stronger correlation was observed between the Y-BOCS compulsive score and the 'inhibition' component of the DEX score, as defined by Burgess's 5-factor model. The DEX scores were correlated with cognitive test results measuring attention, cognitive flexibility and inhibitory processes. We conclude that obsessions indicate a failure of cognitive inhibition but do not involve significant impairment of executive functions, whereas compulsions indicate ineffective behavior inhibition and impaired executive functions. PMID:24418048

Harsányi, András; Csigó, Katalin; Rajkai, Csaba; Demeter, Gyula; Németh, Attila; Racsmány, Mihály

2014-03-30

357

Responsiveness of the individual work performance questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Individual work performance is an important outcome measure in studies in the workplace. Nevertheless, its conceptualization and measurement has proven challenging. To overcome limitations of existing scales, the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) was recently developed. The aim of the current study was to gain insight into the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Methods Data were used from the Be Active & Relax randomized controlled trial. The aim of the trial was to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention to stimulate physical activity and relaxation of office workers, on need for recovery. Individual work performance was a secondary outcome measure of the trial. In total, 39 hypotheses were formulated concerning correlations between changes on the IWPQ scales and changes on similar constructs (e.g., presenteeism) and distinct constructs (e.g., need for recovery) used in the trial. Results 260 Participants completed the IWPQ at both baseline and 12 months of follow-up. For the IWPQ scales, 23%, 15%, and 38%, respectively, of the hypotheses could be confirmed. In general, the correlations between change scores were weaker than expected. Nevertheless, at least 85% of the correlations were in the expected direction. Conclusions Based on results of the current study, no firm conclusions can be drawn about the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Several reasons may account for the weaker than expected correlations. Future research on the IWPQ’s responsiveness should be conducted, preferably in other populations and intervention studies, where greater changes over time can be expected. PMID:24885593

2014-01-01

358

Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ): development and validation.  

PubMed

Human beings seek out social interactions as a source of reward. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify different forms of social reward, and little is known about how the value of social rewards might vary between individuals. This study aimed to address both these issues by developing the Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ), a measure of individual differences in the value of different social rewards. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was run on an initial set of 75 items (N = 305). Based on this analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was then conducted on a second sample (N = 505) with a refined 23-item scale. This analysis was used to test a six-factor structure, which resulted in good model fit (CFI = 0.96, RSMEA = 0.07). The factors represent six subscales of social reward defined as follows: Admiration; Negative Social Potency; Passivity; Prosocial Interactions; Sexual Reward; and Sociability. All subscales demonstrated good test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Each subscale also showed a distinct pattern of associations with external correlates measuring personality traits, attitudes, and goals, thus demonstrating construct validity. Taken together, the findings suggest that the SRQ is a reliable, valid measure that can be used to assess individual differences in the value experienced from different social rewards. PMID:24653711

Foulkes, Lucy; Viding, Essi; McCrory, Eamon; Neumann, Craig S

2014-01-01

359

The Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ)  

PubMed Central

Objectives The Manchester–Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) is a validated 16-item, patient-reported outcome measure for evaluating outcomes of foot or ankle surgery. The original development of the instrument identified three domains. This present study examined whether the three domains could legitimately be summed to provide a single summary index score. Methods The MOXFQ and Short-Form (SF)-36 were administered to 671 patients before surgery of the foot or ankle. Data from the three domains of the MOXFQ (pain, walking/standing and social interaction) were subjected to higher order factor analysis. Reliability and validity of the summary index score was assessed. Results The mean age of the participants was 52.8 years (sd 15.68; 18 to 89). Higher order principle components factor analysis produced one factor, accounting for 74.7% of the variance. The newly derived single index score was found to be internally reliable (? = 0.93) and valid, achieving at least moderate correlations (r ? 0.5, p < 0.001) with related (pain/function) domains of the SF-36. Conclusions Analyses indicated that data from the MOXFQ can be presented in summary form. The MOXFQ summary index score (MOXFQ-Index) provides an overall indication of the outcomes of foot and ankle surgery. Furthermore, the single index reduces the number of statistical comparisons, and hence the role of chance, when exploring MOXFQ data. PMID:23673374

Morley, D.; Jenkinson, C.; Doll, H.; Lavis, G.; Sharp, R.; Cooke, P.; Dawson, J.

2013-01-01

360

Stress Questionnaires and Stress Biomarkers during Pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective Both self-reported indicators of stress and hormones such as cortisol and corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) have been examined in relation to preterm birth. Although these hormones have been interpreted as biomarkers of stress, it is unclear whether psychosocial measures are empirically associated with biomarkers of stress in pregnant women. Methods We analyzed data from 1,587 North Carolina pregnant women enrolled in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition study during 2000–2004 who provided at least one saliva sample for cortisol measurement or blood samples for CRH at 14–19 and 24–29 weeks' gestation. Cortisol measures were limited to those taken between 8 and 10 a.m. Perceived stress, state-trait anxiety, coping style, life events, social support, and pregnancy-specific anxiety were measured by questionnaires and interviews. Spearman correlations and multiple regressions were used to describe the relationship among the measures of stress. Results No correlations larger than r?=?0.15 were seen between reported psychosocial measures and cortisol or CRH. Women with demographic characteristics associated with poor pregnancy outcomes (unmarried, African-American, young, low pre-pregnancy body mass index) reported higher levels of stress but did not consistently have higher levels of stress hormones. Pre-eclampsia was associated with higher CRH, but not with higher cortisol. Conclusions The relationship between measurements of reported stress and biomarkers is not straightforward in large epidemiological studies of pregnancy. For online Supplementary Material, see www.liebertonline.com. PMID:19757520

Savitz, David A.; Dole, Nancy; Herring, Amy H.; Thorp, John M.

2009-01-01

361

Translation into Portuguese of questionnaires to assess knee injuries  

PubMed Central

The aim of this systematic review was to review the quality of the translation and the measurement properties from questionnaires that assess injuries of the knee. We included questionnaires that were developed in foreign language and have been translated and validated into Portuguese. The databases used were CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, PUBMED and SCIELO and the final search resulted in a total of 868 studies included, from which 16 were eligible. Most included questionnaires presented all steps expected in a translation process; however there were some deficiencies in measurement properties among the questionnaires. The VISA-P Brazil was the best questionnaire when analyzing translation process and measurement properties tested. It was the only questionnaire that tested all measurement properties investigated and presented adequate values for all of them. KOS-ADLS was the best questionnaire translated to Portuguese from Portugal. Among all, the VISA-P Brazil is the best questionnaire to be used with Brazilian Portuguese speakers when the condition is related to patellar tendinopathy and the LEFS is the best questionnaire for other general conditions of the knee. For Portuguese from Portugal, the best questionnaire is the KOS-ADLS, and like the LEFS it does not target any specific injury. PMID:24453685

Nunes, Guilherme; de Castro, Lisaura Veiga; Wageck, Bruna; Kume, Vanessa; Chiesa, Gabriela Sulzbach; de Noronha, Marcos

2013-01-01

362

Translation into Portuguese of questionnaires to assess knee injuries.  

PubMed

The aim of this systematic review was to review the quality of the translation and the measurement properties from questionnaires that assess injuries of the knee. We included questionnaires that were developed in foreign language and have been translated and validated into Portuguese. The databases used were CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, PUBMED and SCIELO and the final search resulted in a total of 868 studies included, from which 16 were eligible. Most included questionnaires presented all steps expected in a translation process; however there were some deficiencies in measurement properties among the questionnaires. The VISA-P Brazil was the best questionnaire when analyzing translation process and measurement properties tested. It was the only questionnaire that tested all measurement properties investigated and presented adequate values for all of them. KOS-ADLS was the best questionnaire translated to Portuguese from Portugal. Among all, the VISA-P Brazil is the best questionnaire to be used with Brazilian Portuguese speakers when the condition is related to patellar tendinopathy and the LEFS is the best questionnaire for other general conditions of the knee. For Portuguese from Portugal, the best questionnaire is the KOS-ADLS, and like the LEFS it does not target any specific injury. PMID:24453685

Nunes, Guilherme; de Castro, Lisaura Veiga; Wageck, Bruna; Kume, Vanessa; Chiesa, Gabriela Sulzbach; de Noronha, Marcos

2013-01-01

363

[Inevitable contradictory relationship of psychoanalytic thought with the "Zeitgeist". A plea for reclaiming the sovereignity of psychoanalytic thought].  

PubMed

Psychoanalysis is by its nature a sturdy procedure. It does not fit into the frame of contemporary thought patterns and should not, in the author's opinion, be made into something that its conceptual basis does not allow it to become: a partisan instrument. The author extends a discussion that was opened by Paul Parin's article on social criticism in the interpretive process. PMID:2047526

Passett, P

1991-03-01

364

Food for thought: parents' perspectives of child influence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Aims to investigate the influence parents perceive their children have on family food-purchasing decisions and discuss the reasons why parents do not always purchase healthy food products. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Quantitative analysis was conducted, using 301 questionnaires which were distributed to parents through a local primary school in Dundee. From this sample 143 were returned. Findings – Most parents

Jason J. Turner; James Kelly; Kirsty McKenna

2006-01-01

365

From Earth to Heaven: Using `Newton's Cannon' Thought Experiment for Teaching Satellite Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thought Experiments are powerful tools in both scientific thinking and in the teaching of science. In this study, the historical Thought Experiment (TE) `Newton's Cannon' was used as a tool to teach concepts relating to the motion of satellites to students at upper secondary level. The research instruments were: (a) a teaching-interview designed and implemented according to the Teaching Experiment methodology and (b) an open-ended questionnaire administered to students 2 weeks after the teaching-interview. The sample consisted of forty students divided into eleven groups. The teaching and learning processes which occurred during the teaching-interview were recorded and analyzed. The findings of the present study show that the use of the TE helped students to mentally construct a physical system which has nothing to do with their everyday experience (i.e. they had to imagine themselves as observers in a context in which the whole Earth was visible) and to draw conclusions about phenomena within this system. Specifically, students managed (1) to conclude that if an object is appropriately launched, it may be placed in an orbit around the Earth and to support this conclusion by giving necessary arguments, and (2) to realize that the same laws of physics describe, on the one hand, the motion of the Moon around the Earth (and the motion of other celestial bodies as well) and, on the other hand, the motion of `terrestrial' objects (i.e. objects on the Earth, such as a tennis ball). The main difficulties students met were caused by their idea that there is no gravity in the vacuum (i.e. the area outside of the Earth's atmosphere) and also by their everyday experience, according to which it is impossible for a projectile to move continuously parallel to the ground.

Velentzas, Athanasios; Halkia, Krystallia

2013-10-01

366

Automatic rapid attachable warhead section  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for automatically selecting warheads or reentry vehicles from a storage area containing a plurality of types of warheads or reentry vehicles, automatically selecting weapon carriers from a storage area containing at least one type of weapon carrier, manipulating and aligning the selected warheads or reentry vehicles and weapon carriers, and automatically coupling the warheads or reentry vehicles with the weapon carriers such that coupling of improperly selected warheads or reentry vehicles with weapon carriers is inhibited. Such inhibition enhances safety of operations and is achieved by a number of means including computer control of the process of selection and coupling and use of connectorless interfaces capable of assuring that improperly selected items will be rejected or rendered inoperable prior to coupling. Also disclosed are a method and apparatus wherein the stated principles pertaining to selection, coupling and inhibition are extended to apply to any item-to-be-carried and any carrying assembly. 10 figures.

Trennel, A.J.

1994-05-10

367

Automatic programming of simulation models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concepts of software engineering were used to improve the simulation modeling environment. Emphasis was placed on the application of an element of rapid prototyping, or automatic programming, to assist the modeler define the problem specification. Then, once the problem specification has been defined, an automatic code generator is used to write the simulation code. The following two domains were selected for evaluating the concepts of software engineering for discrete event simulation: manufacturing domain and a spacecraft countdown network sequence. The specific tasks were to: (1) define the software requirements for a graphical user interface to the Automatic Manufacturing Programming System (AMPS) system; (2) develop a graphical user interface for AMPS; and (3) compare the AMPS graphical interface with the AMPS interactive user interface.

Schroer, Bernard J.; Tseng, Fan T.; Zhang, Shou X.; Dwan, Wen S.

1990-01-01

368

Dysautonomia in Narcolepsy: Evidence by Questionnaire Assessment  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose Excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden sleep attacks are the main features of narcolepsy, but rapid-eye-movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), hyposmia, and depression can also occur. The latter symptoms are nonmotor features in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). In the present study, IPD-proven diagnostic tools were tested to determine whether they are also applicable in the assessment of narcolepsy. Methods This was a case-control study comparing 15 patients with narcolepsy (PN) and 15 control subjects (CS) using the Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's Autonomic Test (SCOPA-AUT), Parkinson's Disease Nonmotor Symptoms (PDNMS), University of Pennsylvania Smell Test, Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue test, Beck Depression Inventory, and the RBD screening questionnaire. Results Both the PN and CS exhibited mild hyposmia and no deficits in visual tests. Frequent dysautonomia in all domains except sexuality was found for the PN. The total SCOPA-AUT score was higher for the PN (18.47±10.08, mean±SD) than for the CS (4.40±3.09), as was the PDNMS score (10.53±4.78 and 1.80±2.31, respectively). RBD was present in 87% of the PN and 0% of the CS. The PN were more depressed than the CS. The differences between the PN and CS for all of these variables were statistically significant (all p<0.05). Conclusions The results of this study provide evidence for the presence of dysautonomia and confirm the comorbidities of depression and RBD in narcolepsy patients. The spectrum, which is comparable to the nonmotor complex in IPD, suggests wide-ranging, clinically detectable dysfunction beyond the narcoleptic core syndrome.

Klein, Gilles; Vaillant, Michel; Pieri, Vannina; Fink, Gereon R.; Diederich, Nico

2014-01-01

369

The effect of analytic and experiential modes of thought on moral judgment.  

PubMed

According to dual-process theories, moral judgments are the result of two competing processes: a fast, automatic, affect-driven process and a slow, deliberative, reason-based process. Accordingly, these models make clear and testable predictions about the influence of each system. Although a small number of studies have attempted to examine each process independently in the context of moral judgment, no study has yet tried to experimentally manipulate both processes within a single study. In this chapter, a well-established "mode-of-thought" priming technique was used to place participants in either an experiential/emotional or analytic mode while completing a task in which participants provide judgments about a series of moral dilemmas. We predicted that individuals primed analytically would make more utilitarian responses than control participants, while emotional priming would lead to less utilitarian responses. Support was found for both of these predictions. Implications of these findings for dual-process theories of moral judgment will be discussed. PMID:23317833

Kvaran, Trevor; Nichols, Shaun; Sanfey, Alan

2013-01-01

370

Questionnaire on Perioperative Antibiotic Therapy in 2003: Postoperative Prophylaxis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We distributed a questionnaire to institutions accredited by the Japan Surgical Society asking about the use of antibiotics\\u000a in digestive tract surgery in Japan in 2003, and compared the results with those of a similar questionnaire distributed in\\u000a 1993. The period of antibiotic administration for esophageal resection was at least 6 days in 64.9% of the 1993 questionnaire\\u000a responses, but

Yoshinobu Sumiyama; Shinya Kusachi; Yuichi Yoshida; Yoichi Arima; Hidenori Tanaka; Yoichi Nakamura; Jiro Nagao; Yoshihisa Saida; Manabu Watanabe; Junko Sato

2006-01-01

371

Usual Dietary Intakes: NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Cancer.gov

NCI developed a new instrument called the NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (formerly called Food Propensity Questionnaire) and supported its application in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). This instrument collects much of the same information as a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), but without asking about portion size. The resulting data can be employed in the NCI usual dietary intakes model as covariates. By not asking about portion size, the NHANES FFQ requires less respondent burden than other FFQs.

372

Automatic hot water recovery system  

SciTech Connect

Heat in the hot water lines of a water system is automatically recovered by providing a bridge conduit between the cold water lines and the hot water lines and by depressurizing the hot water lines relative to the cold water lines thereby to automatically direct higher pressure cold water into the hot water lines through the interconnection, which preferably is located near the hot water outlet. The higher pressure cold water forces the hot water back into the storage tank and out of the hot water lines until pressure is equalized. Loss of unused heat trapped in the hot water lines is minimized thereby saving energy.

Haws, S.K.

1982-03-30

373

Is egocentric space automatically encoded?  

PubMed

Using the criteria defined by Hasher and Zacks [Hasher, L., & Zacks, R. T. (1979). Automatic and effortful processes in memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 108(3), 356-388], three studies examined the effects of intent of memorization, dual task interference, old age, practice and individual differences on memory for egocentric positions. Results showed that dual task interference and old age slightly influenced memory for egocentric positions. Small but significant individual differences were also observed. However, intent of memorization and practice had no influence on accuracy. The findings demonstrate that encoding of egocentric space works rather automatically but nevertheless requires minimal attentional resources. PMID:15698820

Pouliot, Sandra; Gagnon, Sylvain

2005-03-01

374

FAMA: Fast Automatic MOOG Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FAMA (Fast Automatic MOOG Analysis), written in Perl, computes the atmospheric parameters and abundances of a large number of stars using measurements of equivalent widths (EWs) automatically and independently of any subjective approach. Based on the widely-used MOOG code, it simultaneously searches for three equilibria, excitation equilibrium, ionization balance, and the relationship between logn(FeI) and the reduced EWs. FAMA also evaluates the statistical errors on individual element abundances and errors due to the uncertainties in the stellar parameters. Convergence criteria are not fixed "a priori" but instead are based on the quality of the spectra.

Magrini, Laura; Randich, Sofia; Friel, Eileen; Spina, Lorenzo; Jacobson, Heather; Cantat-Gaudin, Tristan; Donati, Paolo; Baglioni, Roberto; Maiorca, Enrico; Bragaglia, Angela; Sordo, Rosanna; Vallenari, Antonella

2014-02-01

375

Integrative change model in psychotherapy: Perspectives from Indian thought.  

PubMed

Different psychotherapeutic approaches claim positive changes in patients as a result of therapy. Explanations related to the change process led to different change models. Some of the change models are experimentally oriented whereas some are theoretical. Apart from the core models of behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive and spiritually oriented models there are specific models, within psychotherapy that explains the change process. Integrative theory of a person as depicted in Indian thought provides a common ground for the integration of various therapies. Integrative model of change based on Indian thought, with specific reference to psychological concepts in Upanishads, Ayurveda, Bhagavad Gita and Yoga are presented. Appropriate psychological tools may be developed in order to help the clinicians to choose the techniques that match the problem and the origin of the dimension. Explorations have to be conducted to develop more techniques that are culturally appropriate and clinically useful. Research has to be initiated to validate the identified concepts. PMID:23858275

Manickam, L S S

2013-01-01

376

Economics 3LL3: History of Economic Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of its History of Economic Thought class, McMaster University of Hamilton, Ontario has made available a virtual library of partial or complete works of influential economists. The site currently covers nearly 70 economists, including Jeremy Bentham, David Hume, Thomas Malthus, Alfred Marshall, Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill, Vilfredo Pareto, David Ricardo, Adam Smith, and Thorstein Veblen, among others. Works include Marshall's The Principles of Economics, Marx's Capital (Vol. I), Malthus' An Essay on the Principle of Population, J.S. Mill's Principles of Political Economy, Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class, and Smith's Wealth of Nations. It could not be determined exactly how many of the works in this archive are complete texts; even with that caveat, this is an extraordinary introduction to the history of economic thought. Note that these texts are in ASCII format and many are very large files.

1996-01-01

377

Interference with electrons: from thought to real experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The two-slit interference experiment is usually adopted to discuss the superposition principle applied to radiation and to show the peculiar wave behaviour of material particles. Diffraction and interference of electrons have been demonstrated using, as interferometry devices, a hole, a slit, double hole, two-slits, an electrostatic biprism etc. A number of books, short movies and lectures on the web try to popularize the mysterious behaviour of electrons on the basis of Feynman thought experiment which consists of a Young two-hole interferometer equipped with a detector to reveal single electrons. A short review is reported regarding, i) the pioneering attempts carried out to demonstrate that interference patterns could be obtained with single electrons through an interferometer and, ii) recent experiments, which can be considered as the realization of the thought electron interference experiments adopted by Einstein-Bohr and subsequently by Feynman to discuss key features of quantum physics.

Matteucci, Giorgio

2013-11-01

378

Thought disorder in the meta-structure of psychopathology  

PubMed Central

Background Dimensional models of co-morbidity have the potential to improve the conceptualization of mental disorders in research and clinical work, yet little is known about how relatively uncommon disorders may fit with more common disorders. The present study estimated the meta-structure of psychopathology in the US general population focusing on the placement of five under-studied disorders sharing features of thought disorder: paranoid, schizoid, avoidant and schizotypal personality disorders, and manic episodes as well as bipolar disorder. Method Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a face-to-face interview of 34 653 non-institutionalized adults in the US general population. The meta-structure of 16 DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II psychiatric disorders, as assessed by the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule DSM-IV version (AUDADIS-IV), was examined using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Results We document an empirically derived thought disorder factor that is a subdomain of the internalizing dimension, characterized by schizoid, paranoid, schizotypal and avoidant personality disorders as well as manic episodes. Manic episodes exhibit notable associations with both the distress subdomain of the internalizing dimension as well as the thought disorder subdomain. The structure was replicated for bipolar disorder (I or II) in place of manic episodes. Conclusions As our understanding of psychopathological meta-structure expands, incorporation of disorders characterized by detachment and psychoticism grows increasingly important. Disorders characterized by detachment and psychoticism may be well conceptualized, organized and measured as a subdimension of the internalizing spectrum of disorders. Manic episodes and bipolar disorder exhibit substantial co-morbidity across both distress and thought disorder domains of the internalizing dimension. Clinically, these results underscore the potential utility of conceptualizing patient treatment needs using an approach targeting psychopathological systems underlying meta-structural classification rubrics. PMID:23171498

Keyes, K. M.; Eaton, N. R.; Krueger, R. F.; Skodol, A. E.; Wall, M. M.; Grant, B.; Siever, L. J.; Hasin, D. S.

2013-01-01

379

Thoughts Occasioned by the `Big Bang' Model of the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many years now, the so-called `Big Bang' model for the beginning and evolution of the Universe has been accepted almost without question. In fact, any who have dared question its authenticity has been condemned to a sort of scientific outer darkness. However, what is the truth in this matter? Here some brief thoughts on this problem will be laid out for people to ponder at leisure.

Dunning-Davies, Jeremy

2013-09-01

380

Impulsive Consumption and Reflexive Thought: Nudging Ethical Consumer Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with impulsive consumption and highlights the roles that cognitive and motivational aspects of reflexive thought (namely self-control and self-image motives, respectively) play in intertemporal decisions. While self-control inhibits individuals from consuming impulsively, self-image motives can induce impulsive consumption. Based on recent neuroscientific findings about 'wanting'–'liking' dissociations, the paper presents a potential motivational mechanism underlying such impulsive consumption

Leonhard K. Lades

2012-01-01

381

Achieving Our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth-Century America  

E-print Network

Achieving Our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth-Century America, By Richard Rorty. Harvard University Press, 1998.159 pp. Ted Zenzinger Regis University Ought the Northern Hemisphere to share its wealth with the Southern, or ought each... nation to take whatever steps are necessary to aid its own least advantaged citizens?[88]^ These responses to the problem of globalization are mutually exclusive: "...the first response suggests that the old democracies should open their borders...

Zenzinger, Ted

2000-06-01

382

Wandering Minds: The Default Network and Stimulus-Independent Thought  

PubMed Central

Despite evidence pointing to a ubiquitous tendency of human minds to wander, little is known about the neural operations that support this core component of human cognition. Using both thought sampling and brain imaging, the current investigation demonstrated that mind-wandering is associated with activity in a default network of cortical regions that are active when the brain is “at rest.” In addition, individuals’ reports of the tendency of their minds to wander were correlated with activity in this network. PMID:17234951

Mason, Malia F.; Norton, Michael I.; Van Horn, John D.; Wegner, Daniel M.; Grafton, Scott T.; Macrae, C. Neil

2007-01-01

383

Neural reactivation links unconscious thought to decision-making performance.  

PubMed

Brief periods of unconscious thought (UT) have been shown to improve decision making compared with making an immediate decision (ID). We reveal a neural mechanism for UT in decision making using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants (N = 33) encoded information on a set of consumer products (e.g. 48 attributes describing four different cars), and we manipulated whether participants (i) consciously thought about this information (conscious thought), (ii) completed a difficult 2-back working memory task (UT) or (iii) made an immediate decision about the consumer products (ID) in a within-subjects blocked design. To differentiate UT neural activity from 2-back working memory neural activity, participants completed an independent 2-back task and this neural activity was subtracted from neural activity occurring during the UT 2-back task. Consistent with a neural reactivation account, we found that the same regions activated during the encoding of complex decision information (right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and left intermediate visual cortex) continued to be activated during a subsequent 2-min UT period. Moreover, neural reactivation in these regions was predictive of subsequent behavioral decision-making performance after the UT period. These results provide initial evidence for post-encoding unconscious neural reactivation in facilitating decision making. PMID:23314012

Creswell, John David; Bursley, James K; Satpute, Ajay B

2013-12-01

384

Psychometric properties of the Persian language version of Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44) in Iranian general population.  

PubMed

The Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 (OBQ-44), a self-report measure, was developed by the Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group (OCCWG) to assess beliefs considered relevant in the etiology and maintenance of obsessions and compulsions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian language version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (POBQ-44). A sample of 222 medical students from an Iranian university was used to assess the reliability and validity of the POBQ-44. The results indicated five factors: 1) general, 2) perfectionism, certainty, 3) responsibility and threat estimation, 4) importance and control of thoughts, 5) complete performance. Each of these factors was found to have adequate test-retest and internal consistency reliability. Each of the factors was associated with O-C symptoms. In addition, adequate convergent validity was found with a measure of obsessive compulsive symptoms, and discriminate validity was found with measures of depression and anxiety. PMID:24658991

Shams, Giti; Esmaili, Yaghoob; Karamghadiri, Narges; Ebrahimhkani, Narges; Yousefi, Youness; McKay, Dean

2014-01-01

385

A Meta-Analytic Study of Social Desirability Distortion in Computer-Administered Questionnaires, Traditional Questionnaires, and Interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

A meta-analysis of social desirability distortion compared computer questionnaires with traditional paper-and-pencil questionnaires and face-to-face interviews in 61 studies (1967–1997; 673 effect sizes). Controlling for correlated observations, a near-zero overall effect size was obtained for computer versus paper-and-pencil questionnaires. With moderators, there was less distortion on computerized measures of social desirability responding than on the paper-and-pencil measures, especially when respondents

Wendy L. Richman; Sara Kiesler; Suzanne Weisb; Fritz Drasgow

1999-01-01

386

49 CFR 236.750 - Interlocking, automatic.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Interlocking, automatic. 236.750 Section 236.750 Transportation...MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES Definitions § 236.750 Interlocking, automatic. An arrangement of signals,...

2010-10-01

387

8 CFR 1205.1 - Automatic revocation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT...Automatic revocation. (a) Reasons for automatic revocation...petitioner, except as provided for in 8 CFR 205.1(a...legal termination of the marriage when a citizen...

2012-01-01

388

8 CFR 1205.1 - Automatic revocation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT...Automatic revocation. (a) Reasons for automatic revocation...petitioner, except as provided for in 8 CFR 205.1(a...legal termination of the marriage when a citizen...

2010-01-01

389

8 CFR 1205.1 - Automatic revocation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT...Automatic revocation. (a) Reasons for automatic revocation...petitioner, except as provided for in 8 CFR 205.1(a...legal termination of the marriage when a citizen...

2011-01-01

390

8 CFR 1205.1 - Automatic revocation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT...Automatic revocation. (a) Reasons for automatic revocation...petitioner, except as provided for in 8 CFR 205.1(a...legal termination of the marriage when a citizen...

2013-01-01

391

8 CFR 1205.1 - Automatic revocation.  

...Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT...Automatic revocation. (a) Reasons for automatic revocation...petitioner, except as provided for in 8 CFR 205.1(a...legal termination of the marriage when a citizen...

2014-01-01

392

Machine Intelligence Technology for Automatic Target Recognition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Automatic target recognition (ATR)-the use of computer processing to detect and identify targets (such as tanks, howitzers, and armored personnel carriers) automatically-is becoming critically important in several military applications. ATR systems can re...

J. G. Verly, R. L. Delanoy, D. E. Dudgeon

1989-01-01

393

Development of a nutrition knowledge questionnaire for obese adults  

PubMed Central

Background and objective The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire for assessing nutritional knowledge among overweight adults. The questionnaire should reveal knowledge about current dietary recommendations, sources of nutrients, everyday food choices, and conditions related to overweight. Design The first draft of the nutrition knowledge questionnaire (113 items) was based on literature review. To ensure content validity and expert-assessed face validity, an expert panel examined the questionnaire. Thereafter, the questionnaire was tested for user friendliness and ambiguity by five students. The questionnaire was pilot tested in a group of obese adults, similar to the target group. The results were analyzed for item difficulty and internal consistency and comments made by respondents were taken into account. Two student groups, differing in nutritional expertise, answered the questionnaire on two occasions to test construct validity and test–retest reliability. After the retest, a total overview of the questionnaire was made by the expert panel. The final questionnaire consisted of 91 items. Subjects The pilot study was conducted in obese adults waiting for a gastric bypass operation (n=33). Construct validity (n=34) and test–retest reliability (n=27) was tested in two student groups: public health nutrition students and construction students. Results Results from the pilot study showed that internal consistency of the three first sections together was 0.84, measured by Cronbach's ?. Test of construct validity showed that public health nutrition students scored significantly better than construction students (p<0.001 for all sections), and test–retest reliability for all sections together was 0.82 (Pearson's r). Conclusion The knowledge questionnaire had reasonable content-, face-, and construct validities and overall good reliability. The questionnaire can be a useful tool for measuring nutrition knowledge among obese adults. PMID:22007155

Feren, Anne; Torheim, Liv E.; Lillegaard, Inger T. L.

2011-01-01

394

Automatic Validation of Numerical Solutions  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3 Taylor's Theorem and the mean value enclosure 15 3.1 The interval Newton and Krawczyk methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 4.1.1 The mean value enclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 4.1.2 The extended mean value of initial value problems . . . . . . . . . . . 66 6.3.1 An automatic differentiation interval ordinary

Mosegaard, Klaus

395

Algorithm of automatic cartridge identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective algorithm for automatic cartridge identification is proposed. The ejector impression is used to calibrate the cartridge image. Features of the firing pin impression and the breach face impression are extracted using active snake and orientation analysis, respectively. These different features are then integrated to make a final decision by using a support vector machine. Experimental results illustrate the

Jie Zhou; Le-ping Xin; Gang Rong; David Zhang

2001-01-01

396

An Automatic Recording Weather Station  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Automatic Weather Station erected by the First Indian Antarctic Expedition. A simplified block diagram of the system electronics presents an overview of the sensors and associated electronic hardware. A detailed flow-chart of the acquisition and storage software is also presented together with details of the processor module, analog board, clock and power supply circuits and tape

E. Desa; A. P. S elvam; R. G. Prabhu Desai; M. R. Nayak

397

AUTOMATIC RECORD REVIEWS Brian Whitman  

E-print Network

music editor trained from the consensus of the online reviews we have gathered. Keywords: cultural structure), cultural position (re- lationships to other groups, buzz, history) and individual preference intelligences that automatically classify, recommend and even synthe- size music for listeners, we could start

Ellis, Dan

398

Automatic graders for programming classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifteen months ago the first version of an “automatic grader” was tried with a group of twenty students taking a formal course in programming. The first group of twenty programs took only five minutes on the computer (an IBM 650). With such a satisfactory beginning, the grader was then used for the entire course with this group of students and

Jack Hollingsworth

1960-01-01

399

The Saturn automatic checkout system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Space vehicles and missiles have become so complec it is almost mandatory that they be tested by automatic methods under computer control for the following reasons: (1) Increased reliability by eliminating human error and subjective evaluations. (2) It is almost impossible to test a complex system manually within a practical period of time. Thus, manual methods for the checkout of

Joseph Heskin

1961-01-01

400

Automatic marker for photographic film  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Commercially-produced wire-marking machine is modified to title or mark film rolls automatically. Machine is used with film drive mechanism which is powered with variable-speed, 28-volt dc motor. Up to 40 frames per minute can be marked, reducing time and cost of process.

Gabbard, N. M.; Surrency, W. M.

1974-01-01

401

An automatic adiabatic bomb calorimeter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper details the conversion of an existing isothermal bomb calorimeter to an adiabatic calorimeter with automatic control. Thermistors in the inner and outer vessels are included in two arms of an a.c. Wheatstone bridge: any rise in temperature of the inner vessel above that of the outer vessel results in phase reversal of the output voltage from the bridge,

W F Raymond; R J Canaway; C E Harris

1957-01-01

402

SUPPLE: automatically generating user interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to give people ubiquitous access to software applications, device controllers, and Internet services, it will be necessary to automatically adapt user interfaces to the computational devices at hand (eg, cell phones, PDAs, touch panels, etc.). While previous researchers have proposed solutions to this problem, each has limitations. This paper proposes a novel solution based on treating interface adaptation

Krzysztof Gajos; Daniel S. Weld

2004-01-01

403

Automatic Error Analysis Using Intervals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A technique for automatic error analysis using interval mathematics is introduced. A comparison to standard error propagation methods shows that in cases involving complicated formulas, the interval approach gives comparable error estimates with much less effort. Several examples are considered, and numerical errors are computed using the INTLAB…

Rothwell, E. J.; Cloud, M. J.

2012-01-01

404

Automatic electronic astrolabe at Mizusawa  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Tsubokawa type astrolabe has been developed at the International Latitude Observatory of Mizusawa (ILOM). It works fully automatically under the control of a computer. Using this instrument, one performs high accuracy measurements of the time (UT0-UTC) and latitude. The accuracy is comparable to that of the PZT of the ILOM. The design, construction and adjustment of the astrolabe are

I. Tsubokawa; T. Tsubokawa; K. Asari; C. Kakuta; S. Manabe; S. Sakai

1984-01-01

405

The Automaticity of Social Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of social life is experienced through mental processes that are not intended and about which one is fairly oblivious. These processes are automatically triggered by features of the immediate social environment, such as the group memberships of other people, the qualities of their behavior, and features of social situations (e.g., norms, one's relative power). Recent research has shown these

John A. Bargh; Erin L. Williams

2006-01-01

406

Automatic recognition of film genres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Film genres in digital video can be detected automatically. In a three-step approach we analyze first the syntactic properties of digital films: color statistics, cut detection, camera motion, object motion and audio. In a second step we use these statistics to derive at a more abstract level film style attributes such as camera panning and zooming, speech and music. These

Stephan Fischer; Rainer Lienhart; Wolfgang Effelsberg

1995-01-01

407

Automatic Image Retargeting Vidya Setlur  

E-print Network

-networked media ap- pliances, and "heads up" informational displays in automobiles and helmets. Image retargetingAutomatic Image Retargeting Vidya Setlur Northwestern University and Nokia Research Center Saeko functional realism rather than photo-realism by image retargeting. (a) The source image containing three

Gooch, Bruce

408

What Is Automatic Self-Regulation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on Bargh’s (1994) principles of automaticity, and Förster, Liberman, and Friedman’s (2007) principles of automatic goal activation, we discuss recent findings suggesting automatic self-regulation. We found evidence that many self-regulatory strategies can be automatized, particularly goal activation outside of participants’ awareness, and procedures to inhibit accessibility of competing goals and to devalue temptations. However, our review also suggests that

Jens Förster; Nils B. Jostmann

2012-01-01

409

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2012-10-01

410

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2011-10-01

411

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2013-10-01

412

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2010-10-01

413

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

... Automatic pilot system. 27.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2014-01-01

414

14 CFR 23.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 23.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... Automatic pilot system. If an automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2013-01-01

415

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 27.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2013-01-01

416

14 CFR 23.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 23.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... Automatic pilot system. If an automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2011-01-01

417

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 29.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2013-01-01

418

14 CFR 23.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 23.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... Automatic pilot system. If an automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2010-01-01

419

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 29.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2011-01-01

420

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 27.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2010-01-01

421

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 29.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2010-01-01

422

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 29.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2012-01-01

423

14 CFR 23.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

... Automatic pilot system. 23.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... Automatic pilot system. If an automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2014-01-01

424

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 27.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2011-01-01

425

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 27.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2012-01-01

426

14 CFR 23.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Automatic pilot system. 23.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... Automatic pilot system. If an automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2012-01-01

427

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

... Automatic pilot system. 29.1329 Section...OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS... Automatic pilot system. (a) Each automatic...the automatic pilot system can be coupled to airborne navigation equipment,...

2014-01-01

428

Acne as seen by adolescents: results of questionnaire study in 852 French individuals.  

PubMed

Acne can have an important psychological impact. We surveyed 852 adolescents aged 12-25 years about their knowledge of acne and its treatment in a non-medical context. The study involved a questionnaire administered to callers to a youth telephone helpline in France. Callers were categorized into those who currently had acne, those who had had acne previously, and those who had never had acne. Most respondents (66.2%) had experienced acne symptoms, which were mild in 50.2% of cases and severe in 16% of cases. Often, acne had been long-lasting (>12 months in 49.6% of cases). Many thought that gender, excess weight, eating dairy products, and physical activity did not influence acne, and that frequent washing could improve acne. Eating chocolate and snacks, smoking cigarettes, sweating, not washing, touching/squeezing spots, eating fatty foods, using make-up, pollution, and menstruation were thought to worsen acne. The majority (80.8%) did not believe acne to be a disease, but rather a normal phase of adolescence, yet 69.3% agreed it should be treated. There was a preference for topical vs. systemic treatment. Many (38.6%) of the respondents with acne had not consulted a physician. Almost two-thirds of respondents wanted more information about acne. Providing more information about acne might increase the likelihood of them consulting a physician and getting better treatment for the condition. PMID:21611685

Poli, Florence; Auffret, Nicole; Beylot, Claire; Chivot, Martine; Faure, Michel; Moyse, Dominique; Pawin, Henri; Revuz, Jean; Dréno, Brigitte

2011-09-01

429

How automatic are crossmodal correspondences?  

PubMed

The last couple of years have seen a rapid growth of interest (especially amongst cognitive psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, and developmental researchers) in the study of crossmodal correspondences - the tendency for our brains (not to mention the brains of other species) to preferentially associate certain features or dimensions of stimuli across the senses. By now, robust empirical evidence supports the existence of numerous crossmodal correspondences, affecting people's performance across a wide range of psychological tasks - in everything from the redundant target effect paradigm through to studies of the Implicit Association Test, and from speeded discrimination/classification tasks through to unspeeded spatial localisation and temporal order judgment tasks. However, one question that has yet to receive a satisfactory answer is whether crossmodal correspondences automatically affect people's performance (in all, or at least in a subset of tasks), as opposed to reflecting more of a strategic, or top-down, phenomenon. Here, we review the latest research on the topic of crossmodal correspondences to have addressed this issue. We argue that answering the question will require researchers to be more precise in terms of defining what exactly automaticity entails. Furthermore, one's answer to the automaticity question may also hinge on the answer to a second question: Namely, whether crossmodal correspondences are all 'of a kind', or whether instead there may be several different kinds of crossmodal mapping (e.g., statistical, structural, and semantic). Different answers to the automaticity question may then be revealed depending on the type of correspondence under consideration. We make a number of suggestions for future research that might help to determine just how automatic crossmodal correspondences really are. PMID:23370382

Spence, Charles; Deroy, Ophelia

2013-03-01

430

Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ).  

PubMed

The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and alcohol consumption. Addiction, 96, 57-72], on which this research was modelled, positive and negative outcomes were the main factors for all foods, accounting jointly for between 33 and 40% of expectancy variance in factor analysis and predicting as much as 16% of the variance in relevant food intake measures by linear regression. Expected positive and negative outcomes of eating were predominantly immediate psychological after-effects, rather than including orosensory experiences, or longer-term effects on health or well-being. Other expectancies varied from food to food. FEQ expectancies for different foods have similar factor structure and were related to self-reported diet, the FEQ therefore shows promise as a means of modelling cognitions about eating. PMID:15949872

Reid, Marie; Bunting, Jane; Hammersley, Richard

2005-10-01

431

PROPERTIES OF AGEBASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS  

E-print Network

PROPERTIES OF AGE­BASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS A Dissertation Presented by DARKO­BASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS A Dissertation Presented by DARKO STEFANOVI â?? C Approved as to style­BASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS FEBRUARY 1999 DARKO STEFANOVI â?? C Dipl.Ing., UNIVERSITY OF BELGRADE

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

432

Ground truth for automatic music mood classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic music classication based on audio signals pro- vides a core technology for tools that help users to manage and browse their music collections. Since ìmoodî is also used as a browsing criterium, automatic mood classication could support the creation of the necessary metadata. We have developed a method to obtain a reliable ìground truthî database for automatic music mood

Janto Skowronek; Martin F. Mckinney; Steven Van De Par

2006-01-01

433

Automatic Structures Achim Blumensath and Erich Grdel  

E-print Network

Automatic Structures Achim Blumensath and Erich Grädel Mathematische Grundlagen der Informatik RWTH for automatic and -automatic structures. These are, in general, infinite structures but they can be finitely of all first-order queries. Therefore, au- tomatic structures provide an interesting framework for ex

Blumensath, Achim

434

Automatic Identification of Class Stereotypes Natalia Dragan  

E-print Network

Automatic Identification of Class Stereotypes Natalia Dragan Department of Computer Science Kent to automatically determine a class's stereotype. The stereotype is based on the frequency and distribution of method stereotypes in the class. Method stereotypes are automatically determined using a defined taxonomy

Maletic, Jonathan I.

435

PIRLS 2011 User Guide for the International Database. Supplement 1: International Version of the PIRLS 2011, Background Questionnaires and Curriculum Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PIRLS 2011 international database includes data for all questionnaires administered as part of the PIRLS 2011 assessment. This supplement contains the international version of the PIRLS 2011 background questionnaires and curriculum questionnaires in the following 5 sections: (1) Student Questionnaire; (2) Home Questionnaire (Learning to Read…

Foy, Pierre, Ed.; Drucker, Kathleen T., Ed.

2013-01-01

436

Assessing the Efficacy of a Student Expectations Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses Rasch analysis to explore the efficacy of a questionnaire designed to assist university teaching staff in identifying those Level 4 students most in need of mathematics support. The students were all taking a mathematics module as part of their first year Computing curriculum, and the questionnaire explores the students' previous…

Warwick, Jon

2012-01-01

437

Self-Rated Competences Questionnaires from a Design Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a theoretical review of self-rated competences questionnaires. This topic is influenced by the ongoing world-wide reform of higher education, which has led to a focus on the learner outcomes of higher education. Consequently, questionnaires on self-rated competences have increasingly been employed. However, self-ratings are…

Braun, Edith; Woodley, Alan; Richardson, John T. E.; Leidner, Bernhard

2012-01-01

438

Collecting Student Feedback: A Comparison of Questionnaire and Other Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted comparing the feedback received from students about teaching obtained using different instruments. Twelve first- and second-year undergraduate modules were selected from seven different schools within a single university. Students studying each module were allocated to "questionnaire" and "comparator" groups. "Questionnaire

Huxham, Mark; Laybourn, Phyllis; Cairncross, Sandra; Gray, Morag; Brown, Norrie; Goldfinch, Judy; Earl, Shirley

2008-01-01

439

Privacy Enhancement tool in Web-Based Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a toolkit which can preserve privacy of respondents in web-based questionnaire by adding a quick hack. This tool uses the protocol of electronic voting proposed by Cramer(1) for confidentiality of questionnaire contents and realizes am efficient communication by a conjunction of the JavaScript and the Java Applet.

Kenji Fujimoto; Junji Nakazato; Hiroaki Kikuchi

440

The QCAE: A Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empathy has been inconsistently defined and inadequately measured. This research aimed to produce a new and rigorously developed questionnaire. Exploratory (n1= 640) and confirmatory (n2= 318) factor analyses were employed to develop the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy (QCAE). Principal components analysis revealed 5 factors (31 items). Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed this structure in an independent sample. The hypothesized

Renate L. E. P. Reniers; Rhiannon Corcoran; Richard Drake; Nick M. Shryane; Birgit A. Völlm

2011-01-01

441

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-PR) were explored in a sample of hyperactive-inattentive preschool children (N = 47) and nonimpaired controls (N = 113). A subset of parents completed the questionnaire on 2 occasions, approximately 1 year apart. Factor analysis revealed a 3-factor solution,…

Clerkin, Suzanne M.; Marks, David J.; Policaro, Katia L.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2007-01-01

442

Science Motivation Questionnaire: Construct validation with nonscience majors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how 770 nonscience majors, enrolled in a core-curriculum science course, conceptualized their motivation to learn science. The students responded to the Science Motivation Questionnaire, a 30- item Likert-type instrument designed to provide science education researchers and science instructors with information about students' motivation to learn science. The students' scores on the Science Motivation Questionnaire were reliable and

Shawn M. Glynn; Gita Taasoobshirazi; Peggy Brickman

2009-01-01

443

Relative Validity and Reproducibility of a French Dietary History Questionnaire  

E-print Network

Relative Validity and Reproducibility of a French Dietary History Questionnaire Marti J Van Liere1, 94805 Villejuif Cedex, France, 2 Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College of CUNY, Brooklyn, NY 11120 05, France. Background. A self-administered dietary history questionnaire, especially developed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

444

Development and Validation of the Vicarious Distress Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to empathize with other people's feelings of distress has been widely studied in psychology. However, no questionnaire to date has been developed in order to measure such distress responses and their behavioural correlates. Three studies describe the development and the validation of the Vicarious Distress Questionnaire (VDQ), which is a self-report measure that assesses participants' distress responses as

Delphine Grynberg; Alexandre Heeren; Olivier Luminet

2012-01-01

445

Earthquake and tsunami questionnaires in Banda Aceh and surrounding areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to study the effects of the tsunami that affected Banda Aceh in 2004. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – During a survey by Japanese researchers in Banda Aceh and surrounding areas in Indonesia after the great Sumatra earthquake, questionnaires were distributed to the people affected by the earthquake and tsunami. The purpose of the questionnaires was to collect information

Hirokazu Iemura; Yoshikazu Takahashi; Mulyo Harris Pradono; Pariatmono Sukamdo; Rudi Kurniawan

2006-01-01

446

Development of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire for Sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

As sporting challenge at the elite level becomes ever harder, maximizing effectiveness of the talent development pathway is crucial. Reflecting this need, this paper describes the development of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire, which has been designed to facilitate the development of sporting potential to world-class standard. The questionnaire measures the experiences of developing athletes in relation to empirically identified

Russell J. J. Martindale; Dave Collins; John C. K. Wang; Michael McNeill; Kok Sonk Lee; John Sproule; Tony Westbury

2010-01-01

447

A study-attitudes questionnaire for predicting academic success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of a self-rating questionnaire to measure students' study habits and attitudes. Cross-validation on freshmen showed correlations of .50 and .52 with grades at the end of the semester. A final revision of the questionnaire \\

William F. Brown; Wayne H. Holtzman

1955-01-01

448

Factor Analysis of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the factor structure of parent and teacher Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) in a population of 7-9 years old children. For validation purposes, factors derived were correlated with results on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A three-factor solution was identified on both parent and…

Posserud, Britt; Lundervold, Astri J.; Steijnen, Maaike C.; Verhoeven, Sophie; Stormark, Kjell Morten; Gillberg, Christopher

2008-01-01

449

Measuring Experiential Avoidance in Adults: The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, general levels of experiential avoidance are primarily measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), but it includes items of questionable comprehensibility. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), previously validated as a measure of experiential avoidance with children and adolescents, was…

Schmalz, Jonathan E.; Murrell, Amy R.

2010-01-01

450

Dietary Screener Questionnaire in the NHANES 2009-10  

Cancer.gov

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) assesses the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the U.S. It collects detailed information about food, nutrient, and supplement intake and other dietary behaviors. Before the 2009-10 administration, the NHANES collected this information exclusively through 24-hour recalls, food frequency questionnaires, and survey questionnaires.

451

Validation of the Clinical COPD questionnaire in Italian language  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The development and validation study of the Clinical Chronic Obstructive Disease (COPD) Questionnaire (CCQ) has recently been published in this journal. The CCQ is the first questionnaire that incorporates both clinician and patient guideline goals in the clinical control evaluation of patients with COPD in general clinical practice. The aim of this study is the validation of the CCQ

Salvatore Damato; Chiara Bonatti; Vinicio Frigo; Silvana Pappagallo; Rita Raccanelli; Claudio Rampoldi; Francesco Rodi

2005-01-01

452

Not the Time to Abandon the Food Frequency Questionnaire: Counterpoint  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtually all epidemiologists (including us) who have inves- tigated relationships between diet and chronic disease in the past 20 years have used food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) to assess diet and will continue to publish findings based on FFQ-derived data. However, in our editorial ''Is it Time to Abandon the Food Frequency Questionnaire,'' we addressed how we should conduct epidemiologic studies

Alan R. Kristal; John D. Potter

2006-01-01

453

Development and initial validation of a caffeine craving questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Craving for caffeine has received little empirical attention, despite considerable research into the potential for caffeine dependence. The main aim of this study was to develop, and initially validate, a multi-item, multidimensional instrument to measure cravings for caffeine. Participants were 189 caffeine consumers who completed the Questionnaire of Caffeine Cravings, which was based on the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU),

Oliver West; Gareth Roderique-Davies

2008-01-01

454

Learning Probe: Benchmarking for Excellence. Questionnaire. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a questionnaire designed for work-based learning providers. It is a diagnostic benchmarking tool developed to give organizations a snapshot of their current state. Following a brief introduction, there are instructions for filling in the questionnaire, which includes both open-ended response and scoring according to a…

Owen, Jane; Yarrow, David; Appleby, Alex

455

Anonymous versus identifiable questionnaires in drug usage surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared the advantages of different forms of questionnaires used in drug surveys: completely anonymous, conspicuously identifiable, short forms, and long forms. Despite predictions to the contrary, the anonymous questionnaire did not yield a significantly higher percentage of returns nor of admissions of use of 2 illegal drugs (marihuana and LSD).

Francis W. King

1970-01-01

456

NHEXAS PHASE I REGION 5 STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

This data set includes responses for 326 baseline questionnaires. The Baseline Questionnaire was used to provide more detailed information on the characteristics of the sample individual and housing, and on the usual frequency of activities over a longer time frame (i.e., last mo...

457

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 774 Follow-up Questionnaires for 320 households. Medication and supplemental dietary information is provided. The Follow-u...

458

[Validation study of the Depressive Experience Questionnaire].  

PubMed

Sidney Blatt, considering as being insufficient the categorical-symptomatic approach of depression, has worked out a theory of depression and psychopathology that integrates the contributions of psychoanalysis as well as cognitive and developmental psychology. Within a broad psychoanalytic framework, Blatt's formulation focus on the quality of interpersonal relationship, the nature of object representation and early life experiences. Personality development is viewed as the consequence of the interaction of 2 basic developmental tasks: the establishment of the capacity to form stable, enduring, mutually satisfying interpersonal relationships and the achievement of a differentiated, realistic, essentially positive identity. The relationship between these 2 developmental lines involves a complex dialectical process during which progress in each line is essential for progress in the other and which contributes to the development of both a sense of identity and the capacity for interpersonal relatedness. These developmental lines permit not only to define an during individual's primary personality configuration but also enable to identify cognitive structures that are inherent in various forms of psychopathology, including depression. Disruptions at different developmental stages create vulnerability to different subsequent psychological disturbances. Blatt characterised as anaclitic or dependent the axis concerned with interpersonal relationship and as introjective or self-critical the axis concerned with development of the sense of self and identity. Depressive Experience Questionnaire was developed by Blatt et al. to determine the validity of this model of psychopathology which emphazises continuities between normal and pathological forms of depression. The instrument was developed by Blatt et al. by assembling a pool of items describing experiences frequently reported by depressed individual. Sixty-six items were selected and administered to a large nonclinical sample (500 female and 160 male undergraduates). Principal component analysis within sex performed on the answers to DEQ confirmed his assumption in identifying two principal depressive dimensions. The first factor involved items that are primarily externally directed and refer to a disturbance of interpersonal relationships (anaclitism); the second factor consists of items that are more internally directed and reflect concerns about self-identity (self-criticism). A third factor emerged, assessing the good functioning of subject and confidence in his resources and capacities (efficacy). Scales derived from these factors have high internal consistency and substantial test-retest reliability. The solutions for men and women were highly congruent. Factor structure has been replicated in several nonclinical and clinical samples, supporting considerable evidence to the construct validity of the DEQ Dependency and Self-criticism scales. An adolescent form of DEQ (DEQ-A) has successively been developed. Factor analysis revealed three factors that were highly congruent in female and male students and with the three factors of the original DEQ. The reliability, internal consistency and validity of DEQ-A indicate that the DEQ-A closely parallels the DEQ, especially in the articulation of Dependency and Self-criticism as two factors in depression. These formulations and clinical observations about the importance of differentiating a depression focused on issues of self-criticism from issues of dependency are consistent with the formulations of others theorists which, from very different theoretical perspectives, posit 2 types of depression, one in which either perceived loss or rejection in social relationships is central and the other in which perceived failure in achievement, guilt or lack of control serves as the precipitant of depression. These 2 types of experiences have been characterized as dominant other and dominant goal , as anxiously attached and compulsively self-reliant and as sociotropic and autonomous . Our work presents the results of a validation study of b

Atger, F; Frasson, G; Loas, G; Guibourgé, S; Corcos, M; Perez Diaz, F; Speranza, M; Venisse, J-L; Lang, F; Stephan, Ph; Bizouard, P; Flament, M; Jeammet, Ph

2003-01-01

459

The two-track model of bereavement questionnaire (TTBQ): development and validation of a relational measure.  

PubMed

The Two-Track Model of Bereavement Questionnaire (TTBQ) was designed to assess response to loss over time. Respondents were 354 persons who completed the 70-item self-report questionnaire constructed in accordance with the Two-Track Model of Bereavement. Track I focuses on the bereaved's biopsychosocial functioning and Track II concerns the bereaved's ongoing relationship to the range of memories, images, thoughts, and feeling states associated with the deceased. Factor analysis identified 5 factors that accounted for 51% of the variance explained. In accord with the theoretical and clinical model, 3 factors were primarily associated with the relationship to the deceased (Track II): Active Relational Grieving, Close and Positive Relationship, and Conflictual Relationship; and 2 factors with aspects of functioning (Track I): General Biopsychosocial Functioning and Traumatic Perception of the Loss. Construct and concurrent validity were examined and were found satisfactory. Differences by kinship, cause of death, gender, and time elapsed were examined across the 5 factors, the total TTBQ, and the ITG. The new measure is shown to have both construct and concurrent validity. Discussions of the results and implications for the measurement of response to loss conclude the article. PMID:19368062

Rubin, Simon Shimshon; Nadav, Ofri Bar; Malkinson, Ruth; Koren, Dan; Goffer-Shnarch, Moran; Michaeli, Ella

2009-04-01

460

Thoughts on the Jewish perspective regarding organ transplantation.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to convey some understanding of Orthodox Jewish thought on organ donation and transplantation. This perspective is particularly important as practitioners become more culturally diverse and medical care becomes more globalized. The Jewish ethical position, found in the Compendium on Medical Ethics: Jewish Moral, Ethical and Religious Principles in Medical Practice, is described. Points of view for determining death in Jewish law as well as some halakic (Jewish law) issues for the donor and recipient are also indicated. PMID:9295591

Mayer, S L

1997-06-01

461

Thoughtful nursing practice: reflections on nurse delegation decision-making.  

PubMed

This article discusses delegation challenges and legal and regulatory oversight associated with delegation in the clinical practice setting. The authors address moral and legal attributes of the roles and responsibilities of health care providers regarding delegating health care interventions. The article also explores guiding principles and rules of delegation within professional standards, national practice guidelines, and state nurse practice acts. Nurse experts provide thoughtful reflection on nursing models and the role of delegation, emphasizing the critical role of delegation in extending the role of the health care professional in patient care services. PMID:19850182

McInnis, Leigh Ann; Parsons, Lynn C

2009-12-01

462

Playing prosocial video games increases the accessibility of prosocial thoughts.  

PubMed

Past research has provided abundant evidence that playing violent video games increases aggressive tendencies. In contrast, evidence on possible positive effects of video game exposure on prosocial tendencies has been relatively sparse. The present research tested and found support for the hypothesis that exposure to prosocial video games increases the accessibility of prosocial thoughts. These results provide support to the predictive validity of the General Learning Model (Buckley & Anderson, 2006) for the effects of exposure to prosocial media on social tendencies. Thus, depending on the content of the video game, playing video games can harm but may also benefit social relations. PMID:21476457

Greitemeyer, Tobias; Osswald, Silvia

2011-01-01

463

Test-Retest Reliability of the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised and the Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised (PBIQ-R) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised (PBFQ-R). These self-report parenting behavior assessment measures may be utilized as pre- and post-parent education program measures, with parents as well as…

Mowder, Barbara A.; Shamah, Renee

2011-01-01

464

Normative Values for the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Fear Questionnaire, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult community norms were derived from 261 adults who completed the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory and 267 adults who completed the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Fear Questionnaire, and the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Percentile scores are provided for all measures, and their usefulness in assessing therapy outcomes is discussed. (SLD)

Gillis, Martha M.; And Others

1995-01-01

465

Normative Values for the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Fear Questionnaire, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, and Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community norms are reported for the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI; A. T. Beck, N. Epstein, G. Brown, & R. A. Steer, 1988), Fear Questionnaire (FQ; I. M. Marks & A. Mathews, 1979), Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ; T. J. Meyer, M. L. Miller, R. L. Metzger, & T. D. Borkovec, 1990), and Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI; S. M.

Martha M. Gillis; David A. F. Haaga; Gary T. Ford

1995-01-01

466

Binge/Purge Thoughts in Nonsuicidal Self-Injurious Adolescents: An Ecological Momentary Analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective Adolescents who self-injure often engage in bingeing/purging (BP). Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) has potential to offer insight into the relationship between self-injury and BP. The aims of this study were to examine the frequency and context of BP using EMA in a sample of nonsuicidal self-injurious (NSSI) adolescents. Method Thirty adolescents with a history of NSSI responded to questions regarding self-destructive thoughts/behaviors using a palm-pilot device. Descriptive analyses compared thought/behavior contexts during reports of BP and NSSI thoughts/behaviors (occurring together vs. individually). Results BP thoughts were present in 22 (73%) participants, occurring on 32% of the person-days recorded; 59% of these participants actually engaged in BP behavior. Seventy-nine percent of BP thoughts co-occurred with other self-destructive thoughts. Adolescents were more often with friends/peers than alone or with family when having BP thoughts. Worry and pressure precipitated both BP and NSSI thoughts, but perceived criticism and feelings of rejection/hurt were associated more often with BP thoughts than with NSSI thoughts. Discussion BP thoughts and behaviors were common in this sample, often occurring with other self-destructive thoughts. Future EMA research is needed to address the function of BP symptoms, the contextual variables that increase risk for BP thoughts, and the factors that predict the transition of thoughts into behaviors in adolescents with and without self-injury. PMID:23729243

Shingleton, Rebecca M.; Eddy, Kamryn T.; Keshaviah, Aparna; Franko, Debra L.; Swanson, Sonja A.; Yu, Jessica S.; Krishna, Meera; Nock, Matthew K.; Herzog, David B.

2013-01-01

467

Child abuse: validation of a questionnaire translated into Brazilian Portuguese.  

PubMed

This study sought to validate the Portuguese translation of a questionnaire on maltreatment of children and adolescents, developed by Russell et al. and to test its psychometric properties for use in Brazil. The original questionnaire was translated into Portuguese using a standardized forward-backward linguistic translation method. Both face and content validity were tested in a small pilot study (n = 8). In the main study, a convenience sample of 80 graduate dentistry students with different specialties, from Curitiba, PR, Brazil, were invited to complete the final Brazilian version of the questionnaire. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing the results obtained from the questionnaire for different specialties (pediatric dentistry, for example). The respondents completed the questionnaire again after 4 weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability. The comparison of test versus retest questionnaire answers showed good agreement (kappa > 0.53, intraclass correlation > 0.84) for most questions. In regard to discriminant validity, a statistically significant difference was observed only in the experience and interest domains, in which pediatric dentists showed more experience with and interest in child abuse compared with dentists of other specialties (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05). The Brazilian version of the questionnaire was valid and reliable for assessing knowledge regarding child abuse by Portuguese-speaking dentists. PMID:23538428

Marengo, Glaucia; Paola, Ana Paula Borges de; Ferreira, Fernanda Morais; Pizzatto, Eduardo; Correr, Gisele Maria; Losso, Estela Maris

2013-01-01

468

Automatic registration of satellite imagery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Image registration is one of the basic image processing operations in remote sensing. With the increase in the number of images collected every day from different sensors, automated registration of multi-sensor/multi-spectral images has become an important issue. A wide range of registration techniques has been developed for many different types of applications and data. The objective of this paper is to present an automatic registration algorithm which uses a multiresolution analysis procedure based upon the wavelet transform. The procedure is completely automatic and relies on the grey level information content of the images and their local wavelet transform modulus maxima. The registration algorithm is very simple and easy to apply because it needs basically one parameter. We have obtained very encouraging results on test data sets from the TM and SPOT sensor images of forest, urban and agricultural areas.

Fonseca, Leila M. G.; Costa, Max H. M.; Manjunath, B. S.; Kenney, C.

1997-01-01

469

Subliminal exposure to national flags affects political thought and behavior.  

PubMed

Political thought and behavior play an important role in our lives, from ethnic tensions in Europe, to the war in Iraq and the Middle Eastern conflict, to parliamentary and presidential elections. However, little is known about how the individual's political attitudes and decisions are shaped by subtle national cues that are so prevalent in our environment. We report a series of experiments that show that subliminal exposure to one's national flag influences political attitudes, intentions, and decisions, both in laboratory settings and in "real-life" behavior. Furthermore, this manipulation consistently narrowed the gap between those who score high vs. low on a scale of identification with Israeli nationalism. The first two experiments examined participants' stance toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the Jewish settlers in the West Bank. Experiment 3 examined voting intentions and actual voting in Israel's recently held general elections. The results portray a consistent picture: subtle reminders of one's nationality significantly influence political thought and overt political behavior. PMID:18056813

Hassin, Ran R; Ferguson, Melissa J; Shidlovski, Daniella; Gross, Tamar

2007-12-11

470

Automatic translation among spoken languages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Machine Aided Voice Translation (MAVT) system was developed in response to the shortage of experienced military field interrogators with both foreign language proficiency and interrogation skills. Combining speech recognition, machine translation, and speech generation technologies, the MAVT accepts an interrogator's spoken English question and translates it into spoken Spanish. The spoken Spanish response of the potential informant can then be translated into spoken English. Potential military and civilian applications for automatic spoken language translation technology are discussed in this paper.

Walter, Sharon M.; Costigan, Kelly

1994-02-01

471

Automatic Meaning Discovery Using Google  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a new theory of relative semantics between objects, based on information distance and Kolmogorov,complexity. This theory is then applied to construct a method,to automatically extract the meaning,of words and phrases from the world-wide-web using Google page counts. The approach is novel in its unrestricted problem domain, simplicity of implementation, and manifestly ontological underpinnings. The world-wide-web is the

Rudi Cilibrasi; Paul M. B. Vitányi

2006-01-01

472

Automatic Program Specialization for Java  

Microsoft Academic Search

The object-oriented style of programming facilitates program adaptation and enhances program genericness, but at the expense of eciency . We demonstrate experimentally that state-of-the-art Java compilers fail to compensate for the use of object-oriented abstractions in the implementation of generic programs, and that program specialization can eliminate a signican t portion of these overheads. We present an automatic program specializer

ULRIK P. SCHULTZ; Charles Consel

2000-01-01

473

Collaboration Supported Automatic Examination Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past few years, automatic computer examination systems have been widely used for computer-based tests. But these systems are based on the traditional question-answer examination style which is limited for the collaborative examination. The collaborative examination needs multiple examinees and can be parallel performed. The collaborative examination also should consider the context of the examinee, e.g. the order of

Song Luo; Jianbin Hu; Zhong Chen

2009-01-01

474

Automatically-Programed Machine Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software produces cutter location files for numerically-controlled machine tools. APT, acronym for Automatically Programed Tools, is among most widely used software systems for computerized machine tools. APT developed for explicit purpose of providing effective software system for programing NC machine tools. APT system includes specification of APT programing language and language processor, which executes APT statements and generates NC machine-tool motions specified by APT statements.

Purves, L.; Clerman, N.

1985-01-01

475

Registered nurses' thoughts on blended learning in a postgraduate course in cancer care--content analyses of web surveys and a focus group interview.  

PubMed

Purpose of the research was to describe registered nurses' (RNs) (n?=?53) thoughts on the blended learning format in a 'specialist nursing programme in cancer care'. The study was conducted in autumn 2007 and 2008. A content analysis of answers to open-ended questions in a web-based questionnaire and a focus group interview were carried out. The analysis revealed that the RNs appreciated blended learning. The web lectures facilitated learning and gave RNs access to the education at any time. However, according to the RNs, knowledge is gained through interaction between RNs and teachers, and this aspect needed to be improved. The RNs also thought that the content of the seminars on campus should focus on evidence-based nursing knowledge and practical skills, not just taught as stable facts and procedures. The result from the present study could help to improve the design and content of advanced nursing courses using a blended learning format. PMID:24338502

Arving, Cecilia; Wadensten, Barbro; Johansson, Birgitta

2014-06-01

476

Automatic Contrail Detection and Segmentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic contrail detection is of major importance in the study of the atmospheric effects of aviation. Due to the large volume of satellite imagery, selecting contrail images for study by hand is impractical and highly subject to human error. It is far better to have a system in place that will automatically evaluate an image to determine 1) whether it contains contrails and 2) where the contrails are located. Preliminary studies indicate that it is possible to automatically detect and locate contrails in Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery with a high degree of confidence. Once contrails have been identified and localized in a satellite image, it is useful to segment the image into contrail versus noncontrail pixels. The ability to partition image pixels makes it possible to determine the optical properties of contrails, including optical thickness and particle size. In this paper, we describe a new technique for segmenting satellite images containing contrails. This method has good potential for creating a contrail climatology in an automated fashion. The majority of contrails are detected, rejecting clutter in the image, even cirrus streaks. Long, thin contrails are most easily detected. However, some contrails may be missed because they are curved, diffused over a large area, or present in short segments. Contrails average 2-3 km in width for the cases studied.

Weiss, John M.; Christopher, Sundar A.; Welch, Ronald M.

1998-01-01

477

Automatic programming for critical applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The important phases of a software life cycle include verification and maintenance. Usually, the execution performance is an expected requirement in a software development process. Unfortunately, the verification and the maintenance of programs are the time consuming and the frustrating aspects of software engineering. The verification cannot be waived for the programs used for critical applications such as, military, space, and nuclear plants. As a consequence, synthesis of programs from specifications, an alternative way of developing correct programs, is becoming popular. The definition, or what is understood by automatic programming, has been changed with our expectations. At present, the goal of automatic programming is the automation of programming process. Specifically, it means the application of artificial intelligence to software engineering in order to define techniques and create environments that help in the creation of high level programs. The automatic programming process may be divided into two phases: the problem acquisition phase and the program synthesis phase. In the problem acquisition phase, an informal specification of the problem is transformed into an unambiguous specification while in the program synthesis phase such a specification is further transformed into a concrete, executable program.

Loganantharaj, Raj L.

1988-01-01

478

Automatic segmentation of clinical texts.  

PubMed

Clinical narratives, such as radiology and pathology reports, are commonly available in electronic form. However, they are also commonly entered and stored as free text. Knowledge of the structure of clinical narratives is necessary for enhancing the productivity of healthcare departments and facilitating research. This study attempts to automatically segment medical reports into semantic sections. Our goal is to develop a robust and scalable medical report segmentation system requiring minimum user input for efficient retrieval and extraction of information from free-text clinical narratives. Hand-crafted rules were used to automatically identify a high-confidence training set. This automatically created training dataset was later used to develop metrics and an algorithm that determines the semantic structure of the medical reports. A word-vector cosine similarity metric combined with several heuristics was used to classify each report sentence into one of several pre-defined semantic sections. This baseline algorithm achieved 79% accuracy. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier trained on additional formatting and contextual features was able to achieve 90% accuracy. Plans for future work include developing a configurable system that could accommodate various medical report formatting and content standards. PMID:19965054

Apostolova, Emilia; Channin, David S; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Furst, Jacob; Lytinen, Steven; Raicu, Daniela

2009-01-01

479

Convergent and discriminant validity of FIRO-B questionnaire.  

PubMed

The Kramer-Froehle controversy about the construct validity of FIRO-B questionnaire was evaluated with a multitrait-multimethod design. 113 women and 26 men completed the FIRO-B questionnaire. After the examiner had given a lecture on the FIRO-dimensions, the subjects rated themselves on these dimensions. Only three out of six intercorrelations on the validity diagonal were statistically significant. Of the discriminant validity comparisons 80% met the required criterion. Our results confirmed Kramer's results about the construct validity of the FIRO-B questionnaire. PMID:1784667

Salminen, S

1991-12-01

480

[Validation of a job expectancy questionnaire with secondary students].  

PubMed

This study presents the validity and reliability analysis of a questionnaire that assesses the importance of some general job features, for the diagnosis of youths' expectations and priorities concerning a future job. The results show an 8-factor structure with a very good fit to the theoretical structure of the questionnaire, and reliability for the entire questionnaire and for the factor sub-scales is also quite satisfactory. The analysis of the sub-scale scores reveals that youths' most important factor is Self-actualization, whereas the Manual dimension is the least important one. PMID:18940065

Vázquez Alonso, Angel; Manassero Mas, María Antonia

2008-11-01

481

The metacognitions questionnaire for children: development and validation in a clinical sample of children and adolescents with anxiety disorders.  

PubMed

A self-report measure of metacognition for both children and adolescents (ages 7-17) (Metacognitions Questionnaire for Children; MCQ-C) was adapted from a previous measure, the MCQ-A (Metacognitions Questionnaire for Adolescents) and was administered to a sample of 78 children and adolescents with clinical anxiety disorders and 20 non-clinical youth. The metacognitive processes included were (1) positive beliefs about worry (positive meta-worry); (2) negative beliefs about worry (negative meta-worry); (3) superstitious, punishment and responsibility beliefs (SPR beliefs) and (4) cognitive monitoring (awareness of one's own thoughts). The MCQ-C demonstrated good internal-consistency reliability, as well as concurrent and criterion validity, and four valid factors. In line with predictions, negative meta-worry was significantly associated with self-reports of internalizing symptoms (excessive worry and depression). Age-based differences on the MCQ-C were found for only one subscale, with adolescents reporting greater awareness of their thoughts than children. Adolescent girls scored higher on the total index of metacognitive processes than adolescent boys. Overall, these results provide preliminary support for the use of the MCQ-C with a broader age range as well as an association between metacognitive processes and anxiety symptomatology in both children and adolescents, with implications for cognitive behavioral interventions with anxious youth. PMID:19362445

Bacow, Terri Landon; Pincus, Donna B; Ehrenreich, Jill T; Brody, Leslie R

2009-08-01

482

LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________  

E-print Network

LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________ Are you aware of having an allergy to latex? YES NO If yes, please, Wheezing or Allergy like symptoms: Apples / Apricot / Avacado / Bananas / Carrots / Celery / Cherries

Leistikow, Bruce N.

483

Estimating mean sojourn time and screening sensitivity using questionnaire data  

E-print Network

Estimating mean sojourn time and screening sensitivity using questionnaire data on time since Short title: Estimating sensitivity and sojourn time Keywords: Breast cancer, screening, mean sojourn time, sensitivity, Markov model, opportunistic screening Abbreviations: DCIS Ductal cancer in situ HRT

Langseth, Helge

484

CSCE 330 Fall 2000 Four-Minute Questionnaire: Some Results  

E-print Network

CSCE 330 Fall 2000 Four-Minute Questionnaire: Some Results Monday 00/9/11 1. What do you like best and understandable text Overall, students like Sebesta's book, the daily quizzes, and the fact that lecturing is done

Valtorta, Marco

485

A Parent-Report Gender Identity Questionnaire for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the psychometric properties of a 16-item parent-report Gender Identity Questionnaire, originally developed by P. H. Elizabeth and R. Green (1984), to aid in the assessment of children with potential problems in their gender identity development. The questionnaire, which covered aspects of the core phenomenology of gender identity disorder (GID), was completed by parents of gender-referred children

Laurel L. Johnson; Susan J. Bradley; Andrea S. Birkenfeld-Adams; Myra A. Radzins Kuksis; Dianne M. Maing; Janet N. Mitchell; Kenneth J. Zucker

2004-01-01

486

The Cocaine Expectancy Questionnaire (CEQ): Construction and Predictive Utility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study involved the construction of a Cocaine Expectancy Questionnaire (CEQ) designed to explore the domain of cocaine-related expectancies across a continuum of non-cocaine-using to cocaine-abusing individuals. The questionnaire was based on extensive interviews with adult cocaine abusers, experimental users, and nonusers, and on a review of the relevant literature. The items were then administered to a group of 852

Adam J. Jaffe; M. Marlyne Kilbey

1994-01-01

487

Validation of a Youth\\/Adolescent Food Frequency Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.To address limited longitudinal nutrition data on children and adolescents, a self-administered food frequency questionnaire was designed for older children and adolescents. Initially, the Youth\\/Adolescent Questionnaire (YAQ) was developed and demonstrated to be reproducible. This study was conducted to evaluate its validity.Methods.The form was administered twice to a sample of 261 youths (ages 9 to 18) at an approximate interval

Helaine R. H. Rockett; Melanie Breitenbach; A. Lindsay Frazier; Jelia Witschi; Anne M. Wolf; Alison E. Field; Graham A. Colditz

1997-01-01

488

Comparison of questionnaire information and pharmacy data on drug use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on chronic drug use at any time in the past was collected with a self-administered questionnaire as part of a prospective cohort study on diet, other life-style factors and cancer among subjects aged 55–69 years. The validity of the questionnaire information on drug use was evaluated among 207 subjects by comparing it to pharmacy records of dispensed drugs. The

Piet A. Van den Brandt; Hans Petri; Elisabeth Dorant; R. Alexandra Goldbohm; Sacha Van de Crommert

1991-01-01

489

The Interplay between Conscious and Automatic Self-Regulation and Adolescents’ Physical Activity: The Role of Planning, Intentions, and Lack of Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the interplay between conscious and automatic self- regulatory variables and adolescents' physical activity. It was hypothesised that intention, planning, and lack of awareness would predict adolescents' behaviour. One hundred and fifty-five individuals (aged 13 to 17 years) completed questionnaires in two waves (with a time gap of 10 days). The results of cross-lagged panel analysis suggested that

Stephan Dombrowski; Aleksandra Luszczynska

2009-01-01

490

Domain specificity in social interactions, social thought, and social development.  

PubMed

J. E. Grusec and M. Davidov (this issue) have taken good steps in formulating a domain-specific view of parent-child interactions. This commentary supports the introduction of domain specificity to analyses of parenting. Their formulation is an advance over formulations that characterized parental practices globally. This commentary calls for inclusion of definitions of the classification system of domain-specific interactions and criteria for each domain. It is also maintained that Grusec and Davidov's domains of social interaction imply that processes of development are involved, along with socialization; that bidirectionality in parent-child relations needs to be extended to include mutual influences and the construction of domains of social thought; and that conflicts and opposition within families coexist with compliance and social harmony. PMID:20573100

Turiel, Elliot

2010-01-01

491

Boscovich's philosophical meditations in the history of contemporary thought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The content of Boscovich's Theoria philosophiae naturalis was well-known to his contemporaries, but both scientists and philosophers chiefly discussed it during the 19th century. The observations that Boscovich presented in this text, and that he himself defined as ``philosophicas metitationes", soon showed their being a good programme for the forthcoming atomic physics, and contributed to get rid of the mechanistic paradigm in science. In this paper I will go back to some meaningful moments of the history of Boscovich's reception in the era of contemporary philosophy, by referring to what authors such as Popper, Cassirer, Nietzsche and Fechner wrote about him. These thinkers, indeed, particularly stressed the importance of the Theoria in the history of Western thought, and showed that it can easily be evaluated beyond the plane of a pure scientific investigation.

Gori, P.

492

Sexuality in advanced age in jewish thought and law.  

PubMed

Judaism has a positive attitude to sexual relations within a marriage, and views such sexual relations as important not only for procreation but also as part of the framework of marriage. This is true for any age group, and sexuality is seen as an essential element of marriage for couples of advanced age. In this article, the authors present the views of Jewish law and thought regarding sexuality among older couples. The authors illustrate this using 3 case studies of couples who sought guidance in the area of sexuality. In addition, this area of counseling benefits greatly from an ongoing relationship and dialogue between expert rabbis in the field and therapists treating older Orthodox Jewish patients for sexual dysfunction. The triad relationship of couple, therapist, and rabbi enhances the ability to treat and assist such couples to seek treatment and overcome their difficulties. PMID:24313599

David, Benjamin E; Weitzman, Gideon A

2015-01-01

493

Wired for thought. Electronic meetings in nursing education.  

PubMed

Expanded application of electronic meeting software (EMS) in the business world is attributable to its discovery as a time saving and cost effective strategy for team building and group process. Group process and team building are equally important functions within the higher education environment but frequently consume hours of attention with limited productivity. Enhancements in EMS programs promise exciting solutions for completing crucial activities including strategic planning, negotiating, problem solving, consensus building, faculty/staff evaluation, multidisciplinary research and classroom instruction. The College of Nursing and Health at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio has been "wired for thought." This article presents applications of GroupSystems electronic meeting software from Ventana Corporation, Tucson, Arizona, for solving problems encountered in administration, research collaboration, and classroom teaching within the College. PMID:9988964

O'Brien, B S; Renner, A L

1999-01-01

494

Action's influence on thought: The case of gesture  

PubMed Central

Recent research shows that our actions can influence how we think. A separate body of research shows that the gestures we produce when we speak can also influence how we think. Here we bring these two literatures together to explore whether gesture has an impact on thinking by virtue of its ability to reflect real-world actions. We first argue that gestures contain detailed perceptual-motor information about the actions they represent, information often not found in the speech that accompanies the gestures. We then show that the action features in gesture do not just reflect the gesturer’s thinking—they can feed back and alter that thinking. Gesture actively brings action into a speaker’s mental representations, and those mental representations then affect behavior—at times more powerfully than the actions on which the gestures are based. Gesture thus has the potential to serve as a unique bridge between action and abstract thought. PMID:21572548

Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Beilock, Sian

2010-01-01

495

Validity and reliability of activities coaching context questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background: Learning in a clinical environment is an inseparable part of a training program in medical education. To evaluate the quality of training in a clinical environment, a comprehensive questionnaire which is adjusted for local purposes is essential. This study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of Activities Coaching Context (ACC)-questionnaire from the perspective of residents and students in a clinical learning environment. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 65 residents and students of Semnan University of Medical Sciences. The Content Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the judgment of a panel of ten experts in medical education. The construct validity of the questionnaire was determined by factor analysis. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS16. Results: The ratio and index of content validity calculated by experts’ view were quite acceptable (0.31 and 0.7, respectively). Construct validity was examined by factor analysis which confirmed seven first order factors. Cronbach’s Alfa coefficient revealed a high degree of internal consistency (0.932). The reliability of the questionnaire was measured by test - retest (0.9). Conclusions: The ACC questionnaire appeared to be a valid, reliable and also appropriate tool to evaluate the educational quality of a clinical learning environment.

Koohpayehzadeh, Jalil; Haji Ahmadi, Maryam; Dehnad, Afsaneh; Soltani Arabshahi, Seyed kamran; Bigdeli, Shoaleh; Yadollahi, Sohrab

2014-01-01

496

Sources of variability in the reproducibility of food frequency questionnaires.  

PubMed

The reproducibility of food frequency questionnaires varies widely. Since reports of past intake are known to be biased toward the present and the forces of supply and demand affect what people eat at a given point in time, the questionnaire may capture an atypical snapshot of consumption rather than the intended view of unusual consumption. The consumption of regularly consumed foods is the same throughout the year. The consumption of these foods is likely to be highly reproducible at another point in time. The consumption of seasonally consumed foods, however, fluctuates throughout the year, and may have peaks in winter or summer or particular holidays. There may be no common denominator among these foods necessary for the purpose of assessing reproducibility. Therefore, questionnaires that contain a combination of regularly and seasonally consumed foods, will be likely to have problems with reproducibility, the variance depending upon the number of seasonally consumed foods in the questionnaire. This explanation for variability in reproducing food frequency questionnaires raises a question about the importance of assessing reproducibility as a way of evaluating the worth of questionnaires. Perhaps an improved method of collecting data for seasonal foods is what is really needed to improve the quality of data collected. PMID:9670173

Joachim, G

1998-01-01

497

Semantics, pragmatics, and formal thought disorders in people with schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze how formal thought disorders (FTD) affect semantics and pragmatics in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: The sample comprised subjects with schizophrenia (n = 102) who met the criteria for the disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition Text Revision. In the research process, the following scales were used: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for psychopathology measurements; the Scale for the Assessment of Thought, Language, and Communication (TLC) for FTD, Word Accentuation Test (WAT), System for the Behavioral Evaluation of Social Skills (SECHS), the pragmatics section of the Objective Criteria Language Battery (BLOC-SR) and the verbal sections of the Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale (WAIS) III, for assessment of semantics and pragmatics. Results: The results in the semantics and pragmatics sections were inferior to the average values obtained in the general population. Our data demonstrated that the more serious the FTD, the worse the performances in the Verbal-WAIS tests (particularly in its vocabulary, similarities, and comprehension sections), SECHS, and BLOC-SR, indicating that FTD affects semantics and pragmatics, although the results of the WAT indicated good premorbid language skills. Conclusion: The principal conclusion we can draw from this study is the evidence that in schizophrenia the superior level of language structure seems to be compromised, and that this level is related to semantics and pragmatics; when there is an alteration in this level, symptoms of FTD appear, with a wide-ranging relationship between both language and FTD. The second conclusion is that the subject’s language is affected by the disorder and rules out the possibility of a previous verbal impairment. PMID:23430043

Salavera, Carlos; Puyuelo, Miguel; Antonanzas, Jose L; Teruel, Pilar

2013-01-01

498

Normal Aging Dampens the Link Between Intrusive Thoughts and Negative Affect in Reaction to Daily Stressors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We charted daily variations in intrusive thoughts to gain access to adult age differences in affective reactivity to daily stressors. On 100 days, 101 younger and 103 older adults reported stressors, intrusive thoughts, and negative affect. Although increments in intrusive thoughts were similar in both age groups on days with stressors, older adults' negative affect increased less than younger adults'

Annette Brose; Florian Schmiedek; Martin Lövdén; Ulman Lindenberger

2011-01-01

499

2 Out of nowhere: Thought insertion, ownership and context-integration 3 Jean-Remy Martin  

E-print Network

1 2 Out of nowhere: Thought insertion, ownership and context-integration 3 Jean-Remy Martin caused to have unusual thoughts, but that the thoughts themselves are not his'' (Wing, Cooper: jeanremy08@gmail.com (J.-R. Martin). Q1 Q2 Q3 Consciousness and Cognition xxx (2012) xxx­xxx Contents lists

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

500

The Relationships among Calling, Religiousness, and Dysfunctional Career Thoughts in Public University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among calling, religiousness, and dysfunctional career thoughts. Though the cognitive processes in the career decision-making process have been a focus of research in recent years, the relationship between career thoughts and calling has only been studied once and career thoughts

Rodriguez, Stefanie Josephine

2011-01-01