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1

Psychometric Properties of the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Original data and other studies using the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATP-Q) show that the reliability and norms of the instrument appear stable and that the ATP-Q is inversely associated with negative affective states but unrelated to conditions such as medical condition not accompanied by psychological distress. (SLD)|

Ingram, Rick E.; And Others

1995-01-01

2

Psychometric Properties of Shortened Versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Derived shortened versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) (S. Hollon and P. Kendall, 1980) using samples of 434 and 419 adults. Cross-validation with samples of 163 and 91 adults showed support for the shortened versions. Overall, results suggest that these short forms are useful in measuring cognitions associated with depression.…

Netemeyer, Richard G.; Williamson, Donald A.; Burton, Scot; Biswas, Dipayan; Jindal, Supriya; Landreth, Stacy; Mills, Gregory; Primeaux, Sonya

2002-01-01

3

Psychometric Properties of the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Original data and other studies using the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATP-Q) show that the reliability and norms of the instrument appear stable and that the ATP-Q is inversely associated with negative affective states but unrelated to conditions such as medical condition not accompanied by psychological distress. (SLD)

Ingram, Rick E.; And Others

1995-01-01

4

Cognitive self-statements in depression: Development of an automatic thoughts questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 30-item questionnaire was devised to measure the frequency of occurrence of automatic negative thoughts (negative self-statements)associated with depression. Male and female undergraduates were asked to recall dysphoric experiences and to report associated cognitions. One hundred representative cognitions were selected and administered to a second sample, along with the MMPI D scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Thirty items discriminating

Steven D. Hollon; Philip C. Kendall

1980-01-01

5

Self-Compassion and Automatic Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to examine the relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts. Participants were 299 university students. In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire were used. The relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts were examined using correlation analysis…

Akin, Ahmet

2012-01-01

6

Self-Compassion and Automatic Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this research is to examine the relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts. Participants were 299 university students. In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire were used. The relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts were examined using correlation analysis…

Akin, Ahmet

2012-01-01

7

Differences in Automatic Thoughts Presented During Sexual Activity Between Sexually Functional and Dysfunctional Men and Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study is aimed at investigating the differences between individuals with and without sexual dysfunction on the automatic\\u000a thoughts content (reported as usually presented) during sexual activity. A total of 491 individuals (163 women and 232 men\\u000a without sexual problems and 47 women and 49 men with a DSM-IV diagnosis of sexual dysfunction) answered the Sexual Modes Questionnaire\\u000a (SMQ; Nobre

Pedro J. Nobre; José Pinto-Gouveia

2008-01-01

8

Measuring Negative and Positive Thoughts in Children: An Adaptation of the Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS)  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents. However, positive thoughts also play a major role in childhood disorders such as anxiety and depression. Therefore, positive self-statements were added to the CATS. The CATS-N/P was administered to a community sample of 554 children aged 8–18 years. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the positive self-statements formed a separate and psychometrically sound factor. Internal and short-term test–retest reliability was good. Boys reported more hostile and positive thoughts than girls; and younger children reported more negative thoughts concerning physical threat, social threat, and failure than older children. In conclusion, the results of the current study support the use of the CATS-N/P for the measurement of positive and negative thoughts in children. The application of the CATS-N/P can facilitate further research on cognitive factors in different childhood disorders.

Wolters, Lidewij H.; Vervoort, Leentje; Prins, Pier J. M.; Boer, Frits; Kooij, Emelie; de Haan, Else

2010-01-01

9

The Relationship between Parents' and Children's Automatic Thoughts in a College Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research demonstrates the importance of early social interactions in the development of schemas and automatic thoughts. It does not appear, however, that the existing research examines intergenerational correlations in automatic thoughts. As a result, this study explores the relationship between the automatic thoughts of parents and those of…

Donnelly, Reesa; Renk, Kimberly; Sims, Valerie K.; McGuire, Jack

2011-01-01

10

The Relationship between Parents' and Children's Automatic Thoughts in a College Student Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research demonstrates the importance of early social interactions in the development of schemas and automatic thoughts. It does not appear, however, that the existing research examines intergenerational correlations in automatic thoughts. As a result, this study explores the relationship between the automatic thoughts of parents and those of their…

Donnelly, Reesa; Renk, Kimberly; Sims, Valerie K.; McGuire, Jack

2011-01-01

11

Assessing Hostile Automatic Thoughts: Development and Validation of the HAT Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similar to the measurement of automatic thoughts in depressed persons (Hollon & Kendall, 1980), the Hostile Automatic Thoughts (HAT) Scale was developed and validated as a 30-item self-report index. Comprised of three components, the HAT Scale reflects recurring hostile thoughts that involve physical aggression (11 items), derogation (10 items), and revenge (9 items) toward other people. In a first study,

C. R. Snyder; J. Jeffrey Crowson; B. Kent Houston; Monica Kurylo; Jennifer Poirier

1997-01-01

12

The Relationship Between Parents’ and Children’s Automatic Thoughts in a College Student Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research demonstrates the importance of early social interactions in the development of schemas and automatic thoughts. It\\u000a does not appear, however, that the existing research examines intergenerational correlations in automatic thoughts. As a result,\\u000a this study explores the relationship between the automatic thoughts of parents and those of their college-age children in\\u000a a sample of 252 college students and their

Reesa Donnelly; Kimberly Renk; Valerie K. Sims; Jack McGuire

2011-01-01

13

Reliability and Validity of the Complex Postformal Thought Questionnaire: Assessing Adults’ Cognitive Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies investigated the psychometric properties of the complex postformal thought (PFT) questionnaire (Sinnott, unpublished\\u000a scale, 1998; Sinnott and Johnson 1997), which is a measure of adult cognitive development. The scale was found to be moderately reliable (? = .63). To assess construct\\u000a validity, a comparison of participants’ performance on the PFT scale to their performance on the Need for Cognition scale

Kelly B. Cartwright; M. Paz Galupo; Seth D. Tyree; Jennifer Gavin Jennings

2009-01-01

14

Automatic Effects of Alcohol and Aggressive Cues on Aggressive Thoughts and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies have shown that alcohol increases aggression. In this article it is proposed that the link between alcohol and aggression is so strong that mere exposure to alcohol-related cues will automatically activate aggressive thoughts and behaviors. Two experiments tested this automaticity theory of alcohol-related aggression. In Experiment 1, participants exposed to alcohol- or weapon-related primes made faster lexical decisions

Baptiste Subra; Dominique Muller; L. Begue; Brad J. Bushman; Florian Delmas

2010-01-01

15

Automatic Thoughts and Cognitive Restructuring in Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal in (Heimberg, R. G. (1991). A manual for conducting Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy for social phobia (2nd ed), Unpublished manuscript) cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for social anxiety disorder (social phobia) is\\u000a to challenge irrational automatic thoughts and create exposures to provide disconfirming evidence for these irrational thoughts\\u000a as well as habituation to fearful stimuli. Yet little is

Debra A. Hope; James A. Burns; Sarah A. Hayes; James D. Herbert; Michelle D. Warner

2010-01-01

16

Automatic thoughts and meta-cognition as predictors of depressive or anxious symptoms: a prospective study of two trajectories.  

PubMed

The purpose of this prospective study was to explore the Automatic Thought Questionnaire Negative (ATQ-30-N) and the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire (MCQ-30) as predictors in the development of depressive or anxious symptoms. A sample (N = 201) completed the ATQ-30-N, MCQ-30, and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) twice with a three month interval. The HSCL-25 measures both depressive and anxiety symptoms. Separate multiple hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the ATQ-30-N was a positive predictor for levels of depressive symptoms, while the MCQ-30 was a predictor of both levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms, at follow-up, when controlling for gender, age and pre-test levels of symptoms. However, the MCQ-30 did not predict future levels of depressive symptoms, when levels of automatic negative thoughts measured by the ATQ-30-N were statistically controlled for. The findings suggested that the ATQ-30-N predicts future levels of depressive symptoms, while the MCQ-30 primarily predicts future levels of anxiety. PMID:23253125

Hjemdal, Odin; Stiles, Tore; Wells, Adrian

2012-12-17

17

The Relations of Cognitive Triad, Dysfunctional Attitudes, Automatic Thoughts, and Irrational Beliefs with Test Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has highlighted the important role of cognition in anxiety, including test anxiety. The present study explores\\u000a the role of cognitive distortions and irrationality in test anxiety by studying the relationships among cognitive triad (core\\u000a beliefs), dysfunctional attitudes (intermediate beliefs), negative automatic thoughts, irrational beliefs, debilitating test\\u000a anxiety, and facilitating test anxiety in 138 undergraduates. Multiple regression analyses showed

Shyh Shin Wong

2008-01-01

18

Neural Evidence for Faster and Further Automatic Spreading Activation in Schizophrenic Thought Disorder  

PubMed Central

It has been proposed that the loose associations characteristic of thought disorder in schizophrenia result from an abnormal increase in the automatic spread of activation through semantic memory. We tested this hypothesis by examining the time course of neural semantic priming using event-related potentials (ERPs). ERPs were recorded to target words that were directly related, indirectly related, and unrelated to their preceding primes, while thought-disordered (TD) and non-TD schizophrenia patients and healthy controls performed an implicit semantic categorization task under experimental conditions that encouraged automatic processing. By 300–400 milliseconds after target word onset, TD patients showed increased indirect semantic priming relative to non-TD patients and healthy controls, while the degree of direct semantic priming was increased in only the most severely TD patients. By 400–500 milliseconds after target word onset, both direct and indirect semantic priming were generally equivalent across the 3 groups. These findings demonstrate for the first time at a neural level that, under automatic conditions, activation across the semantic network spreads further within a shorter period of time in specific association with positive thought disorder in schizophrenia.

Kreher, Donna A.; Holcomb, Phillip J.; Goff, Donald; Kuperberg, Gina R.

2008-01-01

19

Spanish version of the Thought-Action Fusion Questionnaire and its application in eating disorders  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aims of the study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Thought-Action Fusion Questionnaire (TAF-SP), as well as to determine its validity by evaluating the relationship of the TAF-SP to different instruments. Patients and methods Two groups were studied: one comprising 146 patients with eating disorders; and another a group of 200 students. Results Three factors were obtained: TAF–Moral; TAF–Likelihood-others; and TAF–Likelihood-oneself. The internal consistency of the TAF-SP was determined by means of Cronbach’s ? coefficient, with values ranging between 0.84–0.95. The correlations with other instruments refected adequate validity. The three-factor structure was tested by means of a linear structural equation model, and the structure fit satisfactorily. Differences in TAF-SP scores between the diagnostic subgroups were also analyzed. Conclusion The TAF-SP meets the psychometric requirements for measuring thought-action fusion and shows adequate internal consistency and validity.

Jauregui-Lobera, I; Santed-German, Ma; Bolanos-Rios, P; Garrido-Casals, O

2013-01-01

20

Evaluation of Two New Scales Assessing Driving Anger: The Driving Anger Expression Inventory and the Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the validity of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) and Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire (DATQ). Scales within the DAX and DATQ appeared to assess separate, correlated constructs. Aggressive forms of thinking and anger expression correlated positively with each other, trait driving anger, aggressive and risky behavior, some crash-related conditions, general trait anger, and general forms of anger

Jerry L. Deffenbacher; Gail S. White; Rebekah S. Lynch

2004-01-01

21

Self, other, and situation-referent automatic thoughts: Interaction between people who have a physical disability and those who do not  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of facilitatory and inhibitory automatic thoughts concerning interaction between able-bodied college students and students who do and who do not have a physical disability was investigated. Both the valence (positive or negative) and the focus of attention of automatic thoughts (on oneself, on the other person, or on the situation) were studied. Thought listings of 115 able-bodied college

Catherine S. Fichten

1986-01-01

22

A thoughtful appraisal of measuring cognition using the role category questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

One assumption of the Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) as a measure of cognitive complexity is that the sample of constructs it elicits represents a stable feature of individual difference. Two experiments investigating the RCQ's stability were conducted. Results for Study 1 demonstrated that changing RCQ instructions elicits a significantly greater amount of constructs compared to previous studies. Study 2 also

Mike Allen; Edward A. Mabry; Mary Banski; Marjorie Stoneman; Paul Carter

1990-01-01

23

Increased automatic spreading of activation in thought-disordered schizophrenic patients.  

PubMed

Previous research on semantic priming in schizophrenia has produced conflicting findings. While several studies provided evidence for an enhanced cognitive spreading of activation in schizophrenia patients with formal thought disorder, other research has failed to replicate. The aim of the present study was to resolve some of the ambiguities in the literature. Thirty-two schizophrenic patients (12 with and 20 without symptoms of formal thought disorder according to the PANADSS) and 65 healthy controls were compared in a semantic priming task using word pronunciation. Irrespective of baseline condition (neutral or unrelated condition) patients with formal thought disorder (TD) exhibited a significantly greater indirect semantic priming effect than both non-TD patients and healthy controls. Known confounding variables such as length of illness, neuroleptic dosage and psychomotor slowness did not moderate priming. Results further strengthen the spreading activation model of formal thought disorder put forward by Maher/Manschreck and Spitzer. Data indicate that hyper-priming is not confined to lexical decision tasks. Possible reasons why several studies have failed to replicate greater priming in TD schizophrenic patients are discussed. PMID:12414074

Moritz, Steffen; Woodward, Todd S; Küppers, Daniela; Lausen, Alexandra; Schickel, Marc

2003-02-01

24

Predictors of Change Following Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Children with Anxiety Problems: A Preliminary Investigation on Negative Automatic Thoughts and Anxiety Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate negative automatic thoughts and anxiety control as predictors of change produced\\u000a by cognitive-behavioral treatment of youths with anxiety disorders. Forty-five high-anxious children aged between 9 and 12 years\\u000a who were selected from the primary school population, received a standardized CBT intervention that was provided in a group\\u000a format. Before and after the

Peter Muris; Birgit Mayer; Madelon den Adel; Tamara Roos; Julie van Wamelen

2009-01-01

25

The Believability of Anxious Feelings and Thoughts Questionnaire (BAFT): a psychometric evaluation of cognitive fusion in a nonclinical and highly anxious community sample.  

PubMed

Cognitive fusion--or the tendency to buy into the literal meaning of thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations--plays an important role in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders and figures prominently in third-generation behavior therapies such as acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Nonetheless, there is a lack of validated self-report measures of cognitive fusion/defusion, particularly in the area of anxiety disorders. We attempted to fill this gap with the development and validation of a self-report cognitive fusion measure, the Believability of Anxious Feelings and Thoughts Questionnaire (BAFT), in both a healthy undergraduate sample (N = 432) and highly anxious community sample (N = 503) undergoing a 12-week online ACT intervention. Results suggested a hierarchical factor structure of the BAFT with three lower order factors and one hierarchical factor and excellent internal consistency for the total BAFT score (i.e., ?s = .90 and .91 for the undergraduate and highly anxious samples, respectively) and for its factors. Additionally, the BAFT and all of its factors consistently showed strong construct validity with other relevant process and outcome measures in both samples, strong 12-week test-retest reliability (r = .77) in our highly anxious waitlist control subsample and responsiveness to treatment in our highly anxious intervention subsample. These findings suggest that the BAFT is a reliable and valid measure of cognitive fusion in both healthy and clinical populations. PMID:22486595

Herzberg, Kristin N; Sheppard, Sean C; Forsyth, John P; Credé, Marcus; Earleywine, Mitch; Eifert, Georg H

2012-04-09

26

Mathematics Assessment Questionnaire: A Survey of Thoughts and Feelings for Students in Grades 7-9. Manual for Users. Research Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual describes the Mathematics Assessment Questionnaire (MAQ) and its development, provides relevant background from the research literature, describes approaches to the reporting and uses of the MAQ (including its use in instructional planning), and presents sample responses from students and classes. The MAQ provides teachers and students…

Tittle, Carol Kehr; Hecht, Deborah

27

Do Conscious Thoughts Cause Behavior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Everyday intuitions suggest full conscious control of behavior, but evidence of unconscious causation and automaticity has sustained the contrary view that conscious thought has little or no impact on behavior. We review studies with random assignment to experimental manipulations of conscious thought and behavioral dependent measures. Topics include mental practice and simulation, anticipation, planning, reflection and rehearsal, reasoning, counterproductive effects,

Roy F. Baumeister; E. J. Masicampo; Kathleen D. Vohs

2011-01-01

28

Do Conscious Thoughts Cause Behavior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Everyday intuitions suggest full conscious control of behavior, but evidence of unconscious causation and automaticity has sustained the contrary view that conscious thought has little or no impact on behavior. We review studies with random assignment to experimental manipulations of conscious thought and behavioral dependent measures. Topics include mental practice and simulation, anticipation, planning, reflection and rehearsal, reasoning, counterproductive effects,

Roy F. Baumeister; E. J. Masicampo; Kathleen D. Vohs

29

Thought Operants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explanations of the nature of thought and the methods of study underlying such explanations were explored from the viewpoints of introspective psychology, methodological behaviorism, and radical behaviorism. Empirical support for the radical behaviorists' interpretation of thought as covert operant behavior was examined. An experimental method was developed which attempted to analyze the functional properties of responsereinforcement connections in the environment

Jack Martin; Joan Crawford

1976-01-01

30

Perverse thought.  

PubMed

Based on Bion's work on the 'psychotic and non-psychotic parts of the personality', the author hypothesises the existence of a special type of thought disorder known as 'perverse thought'. First the author presents an overview of the major contributions to the concept of perversion that have a bearing on 'perverse thought'. These include Freud's splitting and disavowal concepts, Klein's projective identification concept, Bion's -K link and Meltzer's transference perversion. Then, by means of a case study and some vignettes, the author illustrates how this thought disorder is configured within the analytic process. The author focuses on three main aspects of this pathology: the specific modality of projective identification in a perverse scheme, the lie and some important clinical events that reveal an attack against knowledge through the formation of the -K link. Perverse thought is an important resistance mechanism in the analytic process. Its clarification is essential, given that its main objective is to attack the knowledge process, and therefore truth, in order to pervert the analytic relationship. PMID:12521535

Sánchez-Medina, Alfonso

2002-12-01

31

Improving Food Frequency Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to improve data quality and ease of administration of standard self-administered food frequency questionnaires, various alternative approaches were tried for inquiring about frequency of consumption, portion size, seasonal intake, and food preparation. Evaluation consisted of a cognitive interviewing method in which respondents verbalize their thought process while completing several variations of a questionnaire. Interviewers observed and asked

AMY F SUBAR; FRANCES E THOMPSON; ALBERT F SMITH; JARED B JOBE; REGINA G ZIEGLER; NANCY POTISCHMAN; ARTHUR SCHATZKIN; ANNE HARTMAN; CHRISTINE SWANSON; LAURA KRUSE; RICHARD B HAYES; DENISE RIEDEL LEWIS; LINDA C HARLAN

1995-01-01

32

Electronic Patient Record data as proxy of GPs' thoughts.  

PubMed

Data currently available in primary care Electronic Patient Records (EPR) can potentially be used to study quality of care. In this paper we investigate to which extend these data can reflect GPs' "thoughts" that are an important issue when considering GPs' practice and quality improvement cycle. Within the Resoprim project, we mainly used the consolidated data of three software systems, 26 practices, 1,554 hypertensive patients and 1,977 contacts. Extracted data from the EPR were: some diagnoses, some drugs, referral events, marital status, some parameters (smoking status, height, weight, blood pressure). As "gold standard" of GPs' thoughts we used an electronic questionnaire at the end of each contact. Measures of missing and incoherent values were used to assess our "gold standard". Sensitivity, positive predictive values, correctness and global completeness were used to measure the quality of the automatic extracted data (our proxy). For the "gold standard", the global percentage of missing values is 1.88% and of incoherent values is 3.92%. For most of the practices, the PPV or the correctness of automatic extracted drugs and automatic extracted parameters is high (>95%). The PPV of automatic extracted diagnoses is variable (42.1% to 94.9%). The sensitivity of automatic extracted diagnoses and drugs is lower than 67%. For most of the practices the sensitivity of automatic extracted parameters (excl. smoking status) is higher than 95%. The global completeness of height and weight is lower than 76%. Referrals are badly recorded or extracted. Currently in Belgium, without additional investigations, databases built on data extracted from EPRs can hardly be considered as good proxies of what is thought or known by the GPs. To use them as proxies, we should at least develop tools such as electronic questionnaires to calibrate them. As priority, we suggest an improvement of the extraction procedure design, of the current software interfaces and of the quality control of the extraction modules in order to improve respectively the extracted drugs sensitivity, the global completeness of extracted parameters and the PPV of extracted diagnoses. Training GPs could also be helpful. PMID:18953130

De Clercq, Etienne; Van Casteren, Viviane; Jonckheer, Pascale; Burggraeve, Peter; Lafontaine, Marie-France

2008-01-01

33

Do conscious thoughts cause behavior?  

PubMed

Everyday intuitions suggest full conscious control of behavior, but evidence of unconscious causation and automaticity has sustained the contrary view that conscious thought has little or no impact on behavior. We review studies with random assignment to experimental manipulations of conscious thought and behavioral dependent measures. Topics include mental practice and simulation, anticipation, planning, reflection and rehearsal, reasoning, counterproductive effects, perspective taking, self-affirmation, framing, communication, and overriding automatic responses. The evidence for conscious causation of behavior is profound, extensive, adaptive, multifaceted, and empirically strong. However, conscious causation is often indirect and delayed, and it depends on interplay with unconscious processes. Consciousness seems especially useful for enabling behavior to be shaped by nonpresent factors and by social and cultural information, as well as for dealing with multiple competing options or impulses. It is plausible that almost every human behavior comes from a mixture of conscious and unconscious processing. PMID:21126180

Baumeister, Roy F; Masicampo, E J; Vohs, Kathleen D

2011-01-01

34

Some Thoughts on "Thoughtful Schools" Brunei Darussalam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses preliminary studies on thoughtful schools in Brunei Darussalam. Thoughtful schools emphasize the concepts of creativity, reflectivity, responsibility, and reciprocity in the areas of teaching, learning, and school management. Examines precursors to thoughtful schools and looks at why there have not been many studies on the subject. (SM)|

Sim, Wong Kooi

2001-01-01

35

Gesture and Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both a synopsis and extension of Gesture and Thought (the book), the present essay explores how gestures and language work together in a dialectic. In this analysis the 'purpose' of gesture is to fuel and propel thought and speech. A case study illustrates the dependence of verbal thought on context and how it functions. Problems for computational modeling, the presence

David MCNEILL

36

Is Semantic Priming Automatic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The time to decide that a letter string (e.g., 'doctor') is a word is reduced when it is preceeded by a related word ('nurse'). At least some component of this semantic priming effect is thought to be automatic and therefore free of attentional limitation...

J. E. Hoffman F. W. MacMillan

1984-01-01

37

The Association between Thoughts of Defecation and Thoughts of Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three studies were conducted examining the relationship between thoughts of defecation and thoughts of death. In Study 1 and Study 3 it was found that making thoughts of feces salient reduced the accessibility of death thoughts. In Study 2 it was found that making thoughts of death salient decreased the accessibility of feces thoughts. It is…

Dunkel, Curtis S.

2009-01-01

38

Thoughts, Emotions, and Chemo  

MedlinePLUS

... treatment Thoughts, emotions, and chemo What about my memory and thinking? Research has shown that chemo can ... the brain’s activities that are affected are concentration, memory, comprehension (understanding), and reasoning. The changes that are ...

39

Popper's Thought Experiment Reinvestigated  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Karl Popper posed an interesting thought experiment in 1934. With it, he meant to question the completeness of quantum mechanics. He claimed that the notion of quantum entanglement leads to absurd scenarios that cannot be true in real life and that an implementation of his thought experiment would not give the results that QM predicts. Unfortunately for Popper, it has taken until recently to perform experiments that test his claims. The results of the experiments do not refute QM as Popper predicted, but neither do they confirm what Popper claimed QM predicted. Kim and Shih implemented Popper's thought experiment in the lab. The results of the experiment are not clear and have instigated many interpretations of the results. The results show some correlation between entangled photons, but not in the way that Popper thought, nor in the way a simple application of QM might predict. A ghost-imaging experiment by Strekalov, et al. sheds light on the physics behind Popper's thought experiment, but does not try to directly test it. I will build the physics of Popper's thought experiment from the ground up and show how the results of both of these experiments agree with each other and the theory of QM, but disprove Popper.

Richardson, Chris; Dowling, Jonathan

2012-02-01

40

Unwanted intrusive and worrisome thoughts in adults with Attention Deficit\\\\Hyperactivity Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with deficient motor and cognitive inhibitory mechanisms. The aim of this article is to examine two symptoms associated with cognitive disinhibition, namely: intrusive unwanted thoughts, worrisome thoughts and their suppression. Thirty-seven college students diagnosed with ADHD and 23 healthy college students were compared on the Distressing Thoughts Questionnaire and on the Anxious Thoughts Inventory.

Amitai Abramovitch; Avraham Schweiger

2009-01-01

41

Thought–action fusion in individuals with OCD symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rachman (Rachman, S. (1993). Obsessions, responsibility, and guilt. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 149–154) suggested that patients with OCD may interpret thoughts as having special importance, thus experiencing thought–action fusion (TAF). Shafran, Thordarson and Rachman (Shafran, R., Thordarson, D. S. & Rachman, S. (1996). Thought–action fusion in obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 710, 379–391) developed a questionnaire (TAF)

Nader Amir; Melinda Freshman; Brian Ramsey; Erin Neary; Bartholomew Brigidi

2001-01-01

42

Automatic Imitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Automatic imitation" is a type of stimulus-response compatibility effect in which the topographical features of task-irrelevant action stimuli facilitate similar, and interfere with dissimilar, responses. This article reviews behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging research on automatic imitation, asking in what sense it is "automatic"…

Heyes, Cecilia

2011-01-01

43

Political Thought in \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is more political thought in the Nights than would appear at first sight. Political concerns are to the fore in the story collection's exordium. Some of the stories can be seen as belonging to the mirror-for-princes genre and, if much of their content seems banal, this was usually true of the nonfictional essays in the genre. It is also

Robert Irwin

2004-01-01

44

Elemental Food for Thought  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the first tasks students learn in chemistry is to pronounce and spell the names of elements and learn their corresponding chemical symbols. Repetitive oral recitation is commonly used to learn this information, but games and puzzles can make this task creative, variable, and fun. Elemental Food for Thought is a puzzlelike activity that…

Cady, Susan

2005-01-01

45

Food for Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Food for Thought is a spatial graphing activity that uses the participants as part of the graph. The activity helps students develop a feeling for the similarities and differences between populations. Many measures are used for comparison including population, population density, population growth rates, energy consumption, CO2 emissions, and more.

Dahlin, Marge; Murphy, Elaine; Crews, Kimberly; Teisch, Jessica; Longmire, Joan; Stauffer, Cheryl L.

2006-01-01

46

Coping with Suicidal Thoughts  

MedlinePLUS

... is a serious medical condition that changes the chemicals in your brain and affects your moods, thoughts, and emotions. It can make it hard or even impossible for you to feel happy, remember good times, or see the solutions to your problems. Even if you have been ...

47

Stress symptoms, burnout and suicidal thoughts in Finnish physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stress symptoms, burnout and suicidal thoughts in Finnish physicians were studied using a questionnaire. The questionnaire, containing 99 questions or groups of questions, was mailed to 3,496 physicians representative, as regards age, sex, specialization and employment, of all active physicians in Finland. Altogether, 2,671 physicians (76%) responded. Stress symptoms in male physicians were similar to those in male managers. In

M. Olkinuora; S. Asp; J. Juntunen; K. Kauttu; L. Strid; M. Äärimaa

1990-01-01

48

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

49

Food for thought.  

PubMed

Do certain kinds of food contain pharmacologically active substances in concentrations that are high enough to have druglike effects when consumed? Are biologically active compounds in food indicative of therapeutic value? Is traditional drug development suitable for testing the merits of food? Is it ethical to test food as a drug on patients? Will dietary disease management remain a pipedream? Is it a fact or fantasy that the Mediterranean diet is beneficial to health? Is a vegetarian diet an elimination therapy, or one of supplementation? What can be learned from animals? Are humans losing the capability of listening to their bodies? In this review, we will address these questions--providing food for thought. PMID:17129831

Tulp, Martin; Bruhn, Jan G; Bohlin, Lars

2006-11-02

50

Formal operations and simulated thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

For reasons internal to the concepts of thought and causality, a series of representations must be semantics-driven if that series is to add up to a single, unified thought. Where semantics is not operative, there is at most a series of disjoint representations that add up to nothing true or false, and therefore do not constitute a thought at all.

John-Michael Kuczynski

2006-01-01

51

Dream Bizarreness and Inner Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper offers a critique of bizarreness studies that compare dreams to real world probability ratios and directed thought processes as a basis for determining the degree of bizarreness in dreams. It examines two cases from the literature and suggests that dreams are better compared to non-directed, or imaginative waking thought processes, specifically Inner Thought and Speech (or “speech for

Bert O. States

2000-01-01

52

An Alternative to Thought Suppression?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comments on the original article, "Setting free the bears: Escape from thought suppression," by D. M. Wegner (see record 2011-25622-008). While Wegner supposed that we might have to learn to live with bad thoughts, the present author discusses the use of imagination and guided imagery as an alternative to forced thought suppression.|

Boice, Robert

2012-01-01

53

An alternative to thought suppression?  

PubMed

Comments on the original article, "Setting free the bears: Escape from thought suppression," by D. M. Wegner (see record 2011-25622-008). While Wegner supposed that we might have to learn to live with bad thoughts, the present author discusses the use of imagination and guided imagery as an alternative to forced thought suppression. PMID:22963421

Boice, Robert

2012-09-01

54

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Cancer.gov

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

55

Automatic imitation.  

PubMed

"Automatic imitation" is a type of stimulus-response compatibility effect in which the topographical features of task-irrelevant action stimuli facilitate similar, and interfere with dissimilar, responses. This article reviews behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging research on automatic imitation, asking in what sense it is "automatic" and whether it is "imitation." This body of research reveals that automatic imitation is a covert form of imitation, distinct from spatial compatibility. It also indicates that, although automatic imitation is subject to input modulation by attentional processes, and output modulation by inhibitory processes, it is mediated by learned, long-term sensorimotor associations that cannot be altered directly by intentional processes. Automatic imitation provides an important tool for the investigation of the mirror neuron system, motor mimicry, and complex forms of imitation. It is a new behavioral phenomenon, comparable with the Stroop and Simon effects, providing strong evidence that even healthy adult humans are prone, in an unwilled and unreasoned way, to copy the actions of others. PMID:21280938

Heyes, Cecilia

2011-05-01

56

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

57

The effects of repeated thought suppression attempts on thought occurrence.  

PubMed

In the thought suppression literature the completion of one suppression and one expression phase is called an indulgence cycle. The current study aimed to determine the effects on thought frequency of entering multiple indulgence cycles. Participants were assigned to one of two groups. The repeated suppression group was required to complete 3 suppression and 3 think free phases in alternating fashion. The suppress think free group was required to complete 1 suppression phase before entering 5 think free phases. Participants pressed a spacebar to report each unwanted target thought occurrence. Participants in the repeated suppression group experienced maintenance of the number of unwanted thought intrusions in both suppression and think free phases, whereas those in the suppress think free group experienced a significant decline in target thought occurrence. The maintenance effect of engaging in repeated suppression attempts is discussed. PMID:24027945

Hooper, Nic; McHugh, Louise

2013-01-01

58

Thought Experiments: Determining Their Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers thought experiment as a special scientific tool that mediates between theory and experiment by mental simulation. To clarify the meaning of thought experiment, as required in teaching science, we followed the relevant episodes throughout the history of science paying attention to the epistemological status of the performed…

Galili, Igal

2009-01-01

59

Psychological Effects of Thought Acceleration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six experiments found that manipulations that increase thought speed also yield positive affect. These experiments varied in both the methods used for accelerating thought (i.e., instructions to brainstorm freely, exposure to multiple ideas, encouragement to plagiarize others' ideas, performance of easy cognitive tasks, narration of a silent video in fast-forward, and experimentally controlled reading speed) and the contents of the

Emily Pronin; Elana Jacobs; Daniel M. Wegner

2008-01-01

60

Thought Experiments: Determining Their Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers thought experiment as a special scientific tool that mediates between theory and experiment by mental simulation. To clarify the meaning of thought experiment, as required in teaching science, we followed the relevant episodes throughout the history of science paying attention to the epistemological status of the performed…

Galili, Igal

2009-01-01

61

In Defence of Thought Stopping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thought stopping (TS) has a long and established history as an effective mental control technique among the cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT). Recent claims have arisen, particularly from acceptance and mindfulness-based authors, that thought suppression--and therefore TS--is counterproductive. These claims take the syllogistic form: TS is a…

Bakker, Gary Maria

2009-01-01

62

Bon Mots for Bad Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article questions how the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze has been received and connected to the field of curriculum theory. In an effort to reconnect Deleuze-thought to its political force, this essay commences a series of arguments pertaining to the ways in which the revolutionary thought of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari have been…

Wallin, Jason J.

2012-01-01

63

Automatic Dilatometer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new and improved form of dilatometer for automatically measuring and recording small changes in dimensions over a wide temperature range is described. The normal working range is 77-1400 degrees K, and special measures are incorporated to prevent damage...

L. N. Larikov M. E. Gurevich

1971-01-01

64

Automatic transmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. An automatic transmission with four forward speeds and one reverse position, is described which consists of: an input shaft; an output member; first and second planetary gear sets each having a sun gear, a ring gear and a carrier supporting a pinion in mesh with the sun gear and ring gear; the carrier of the first gear set, the

M. Miura; T. Inuzuka

1986-01-01

65

Construction of Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a pamphlet instructing the construction of questionnaires, as the use of questionnaires in business, industry, government, and education has increased steadily in recent years. They are used in many different areas of government operation, includi...

P. A. Duckworth

1973-01-01

66

Thought Suppression and Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors  

PubMed Central

This study proposes and tests a theoretical model suggesting that the propensity to suppress unwanted thoughts is associated with an increased presence and frequency of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITB). In the model, propensity to suppress unwanted thoughts is hypothesized to be a cognitive mediator of the relationship between emotional reactivity and SITB, and is expected to be related to the extent to which SITB is initiated to escape from aversive emotions. Results of this cross-sectional study of adolescents (N = 87) revealed that the self-reported propensity to suppress unwanted thoughts is associated with the presence and frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts. Furthermore, thought suppression partially mediates the relationship between emotional reactivity and the frequency of NSSI and suicidal ideation. Finally, adolescents with a higher tendency to suppress unwanted thoughts report engaging in NSSI in order to reduce aversive emotions rather than for social communication. Results are discussed within the framework of the negative reinforcement function of SITB.

Najmi, Sadia; Wegner, Daniel M.; Nock, Matthew K.

2007-01-01

67

Letting Go: Mindfulness and Negative Automatic Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive theorists describe mindfulness as a form of attention-awareness in which thoughts can be observed in non-judging,\\u000a de-centered, and non-attached ways. However, empirical research has not examined associations between mindfulness and responses\\u000a to negative automatic thoughts, such as the ability to let go of negative cognition. In the first study reported in this article,\\u000a measures of dispositional mindfulness were negatively

Paul A. Frewen; Elspeth M. Evans; Nicholas Maraj; David J. A. Dozois; Kate Partridge

2008-01-01

68

Fear of Spiders Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ), an 18-item self-report questionnaire assessing spider phobia, was developed in an attempt to complement the information provided by the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). Data obtained from 338 undergraduates revealed that the FSQ was able to discriminate phobics from nonphobics, and indicated decrements in phobic responding from pretest to posttest following cognitive therapy. Test-retest data,

Jeff Szymanski; William O'Donohue

1995-01-01

69

Spontaneous Prejudice in Context: Variability in Automatically Activated Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the research reported in this article was to examine whether automatic group attitudes and stereotypes, commonly thought to be fixed responses to a social category cue, are sensitive to changes in the situational context. Two experiments demonstrated such variability of automatic responses due to changes in the stimulus context. In Study 1 White participants’ implicit attitudes toward

Bernd Wittenbrink; Charles M. Judd; Bernadette Park

2001-01-01

70

Impulsivity and Intrusive Thoughts: Related Manifestations of Self-Control Difficulties?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impulsive behaviors and intrusive thoughts are prominent in psychopathology. Two studies were conducted to explore their relationships.\\u000a In Study 1, 250 participants completed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale and the Thought Control Ability Questionnaire (TCAQ).\\u000a In Study 2 involving a sample of 97 female students, the relations between impulsivity and different types of thought control\\u000a difficulties were examined. Both negative

Philippe GayRalph; Ralph E. Schmidt; Martial Van der Linden

2011-01-01

71

Questionnaire for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 116-item parent questionnaire is designed for parents of elementary school children. It is intended to be used with the child's mother, or the person acting as the child's mother. The questionnaire consists of a section devoted to demographic variables and scales measuring 14 parent variables: (1) parent's achievement aspirations for the…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Educational Research Center.

72

American Political Thought: An Interpretation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that a course in U.S. political thought is necessary to increase students' knowledge of democracy, liberty, and human rights. Provides course goals, structure, and useful texts. Suggests a topical format rather than a chronological approach. Focuses on judicial opinions as an important indicator of traditional values. (RW)

Pohlman, H. L.

1989-01-01

73

Japanese nationalism and geographical thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been simultaneous emergence in many countries of the world of political disputes over aspects of national history in the 1990s. Geographical knowledge has political implications. Hence it is concerned with the formation of national identity as well as historical knowledge. This paper examines the relationships between Japanese modernisation and geographical thought, the characteristics of school textbooks and geopolitics

Akihiko Takagi

1998-01-01

74

Gramscian Thought and Brazilian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the history of Brazilian education, it is only since the 1980s, during the redemocratization of Brazil, that proposals for public education in a socialist perspective have been presented. The past two decades have been marked by a growing interest in Gramscian thought, mainly in the educational field, making possible the elaboration of…

Dore, Rosemary

2009-01-01

75

Flexibility in Language and Thought  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many words can be used flexibly: a book can be physically heavy, but also have provocative content, a "chicken" might live in a coop, but could also be tasty to eat. What do the uses of "polysemous" words such as these reveal about the structure of language and thought? Paper 1 examined 4-year-old children's representations of polysemous words…

Srinivasan, Mahesh

2011-01-01

76

Multimedia in Education: Thought Pieces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The six "thought pieces" presented in this document summarize the personal perspectives of conference participants on issues raised in formal or information discussions, but not part of the central themes of the conference or conference papers. They include: (1) "Assuming That..." (Anne Nicol, Apple Computer, Inc.); (2) "A Layered Theory of…

Nicol, Anne; And Others

1986-01-01

77

Flexibility in Language and Thought  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many words can be used flexibly: a book can be physically heavy, but also have provocative content, a "chicken" might live in a coop, but could also be tasty to eat. What do the uses of "polysemous" words such as these reveal about the structure of language and thought? Paper 1 examined 4-year-old children's representations of polysemous words…

Srinivasan, Mahesh

2011-01-01

78

Fuzzifying the Thoughts of Animats  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we present a fuzzy logic based method for the construction of thoughts of artificial animals (animats). Due to the sub- stantial increase of the processing power of personal computers in the last decade there was a notable progress in the field of animat construc- tion and simulation. Regardless of the achieved results, the coding of the animat's

Iztok Lebar Bajec; Nikolaj Zimic; Miha Mraz

2003-01-01

79

Xenakis' Thought through his Writings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper moves from the observation that we can hardly characterize Xenakis' writings by using too restricted definitions and categories. In order to address the several lines of thought expressed in his writings, this paper attempts to somehow preserve their essential fluidity. This is done by leaning on a simple and non-dialectical opposition: on one side, there is the \\

Makis Solomos

2004-01-01

80

Beliefs about Worry and Intrusions: The Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire and its Correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the development of the Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire to measure beliefs about worry and intrusive thoughts. Factor analyses of the scale demonstrated five empirically distinct and relatively stable dimensions of meta-cognition. Four of the factors representing beliefs were: Positive Beliefs About Worry; Negative Beliefs About the Controllability of Thoughts and Corresponding Danger; Cognitive Confidence; and Negative Beliefs about Thoughts

Adrian Wells

1997-01-01

81

Parental authority questionnaire.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of measuring Baumrind's (1971) permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parental authority prototypes. It consists of 30 items per parent and yields permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative scores for both the mother and the father; each of these scores is derived from the phenomenological appraisals of the parents' authority by their son or daughter. The results of several studies have supported the Parental Authority Questionnaire as a psychometrically sound and valid measure of Baumrind's parental authority prototypes, and they have suggested that this questionnaire has considerable potential as a valuable tool in the investigation of correlates of parental permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness. PMID:16370893

Buri, J R

1991-08-01

82

Constructive and Unconstructive Repetitive Thought  

PubMed Central

The author reviews research showing that repetitive thought (RT) can have constructive or unconstructive consequences. The main unconstructive consequences of RT are (a) depression, (b) anxiety, and (c) difficulties in physical health. The main constructive consequences of RT are (a) recovery from upsetting and traumatic events, (b) adaptive preparation and anticipatory planning, (c) recovery from depression, and (d) uptake of health-promoting behaviors. Several potential principles accounting for these distinct consequences of RT are identified within this review: (a) the valence of thought content, (b) the intrapersonal and situational context in which RT occurs, and (c) the level of construal (abstract vs. concrete processing) adopted during RT. Of the existing models of RT, it is proposed that an elaborated version of the control theory account provides the best theoretical framework to account for its distinct consequences.

Watkins, Edward R.

2008-01-01

83

Rabindranath Tagore and Freudian thought.  

PubMed

The paper draws our attention to the Indian poet and philosopher Rabindranath Tagore's notion of psychoanalysis. Focusing on the period between 1926 and his death in 1941, during which Tagore had not only met Freud but had also spoken to several persons on psychoanalysis, the author has unearthed a mass of archival material, primarily in Bengali, and translated most of it into English for the first time, in order to show how Tagore's opinion regarding Freudian thought gradually changed from severe criticism and a near complete rejection to appreciation, especially of its good use in literature and literary criticism. The author has also identified a number of literary works, both prose and verse, from the final years of Tagore's life and tried to document the extent of influence of Freudian thought on their composition. In short, the author explores a significant interdisciplinary area that has not been looked into either in India or abroad. PMID:12873370

Biswas, Santanu

2003-06-01

84

Child vocalization composition as discriminant information for automatic autism detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early identification is crucial for young children with autism to access early intervention. The existing screens require either a parent-report questionnaire and\\/or direct observation by a trained practitioner. Although an automatic tool would benefit parents, clinicians and children, there is no automatic screening tool in clinical use. This study reports a fully automatic mechanism for autism detection\\/screening for young children.

Dongxin Xu; Jill Gilkerson; Jeffrey Richards; Umit Yapanel; Sharmi Gray

2009-01-01

85

Phraselator Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire designed to elicit Soldier judgments of, and comments about, the upgraded Phraselator speech translation device was completed by seven personnel serving in Iraq. Aggregate responses to yes or no questions are provided, as are the frequency...

J. D. Walrath

2009-01-01

86

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

87

The functional status questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive functional assessment requires thorough and careful inquiry, which is difficult to accomplish in most busy\\u000a clinical practices. This paper examines the reliability and validity of the Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), a brief,\\u000a standardized, self-administered questionnaire designed to provide a comprehensive and feasible assessment of physical, psychological,\\u000a social and role function in ambulatory patients. The FSQ can be completed

Alan M. Jette; Allyson R. Davies; Paul D. Cleary; David R. Calkins; Lisa V. Rubenstein; Arlene Fink; Jacqueline Kosecoff; Roy T. Young; Robert H. Brook; Thomas L. Delbanco

1986-01-01

88

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

89

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

90

Comparison of Thought-Listing Rating Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared three methods of rating thoughts: self-rating by subjects, rating by experts with thoughts presented randomly, and rating by experts with thoughts presented in context among 107 students who listed their thoughts prior to giving a speech. Results indicated all three methods were equal in predictions of speech anxiety and performance.…

Tarico, Valerie S.; And Others

1986-01-01

91

Empirical investigations of thought suppression in OCD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive-behavioural models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) implicate thought suppression as a key factor in the development and persistence of the disorder. There is now more than a decade of research on thought suppression and its effects as they pertain to OCD. This paper briefly reports on initial thought suppression research and then offers a detailed review of recent thought suppression

Christine Purdon

2004-01-01

92

Concrete and Abstract Thought: An Alternative Formulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally concrete thought has been conceptualized as being more primitive than abstract thought, to precede abstract thought developmentally, and to recur in severe psychopathology when the ability to think abstractly is disturbed. In Searles' alternative formulation abstract and concrete thought develop together out of an undifferentiated state, and in psychopathology both become disordered: the person who cannot think accurately in

Irene Fast

1969-01-01

93

Attribute centrality and imaginative thought.  

PubMed

Participants' representations of the concept human were examined to differentiate three types of associations between concepts and their component attributes: the capacity of concepts to cue attributes (attribute accessibility), the capacity of attributes to cue concepts (instance accessibility), and the extent to which attributes are thought of as central to concepts (attribute centrality). The findings provide information about the concept human itself and, more generally, about the functionally distinct roles those different attribute-concept associations play in guiding imaginative thought. College students listed attributes that differentiate humans from other animals, rated the centrality of those attributes, and listed animals that possess those attributes. Other students drew and described extraterrestrials that possessed some of the attributes that were found to vary across those listing and rating tasks. Rated centrality was the most important determinant of an attribute's impact on imaginative generation. When the imagined extraterrestrials were supposed to possess attributes that had been rated as central to humans (intelligence, emotional complexity, or opposable thumbs), participants projected more aspects of human form onto them than when the creatures were supposed to possess less central attributes or when attributes were unspecified. PMID:11219966

Ward, T B; Dodds, R A; Saunders, K N; Sifonis, C M

2000-12-01

94

Aging and Repeated Thought Suppression Success  

PubMed Central

Intrusive thoughts and attempts to suppress them are common, but while suppression may be effective in the short-term, it can increase thought recurrence in the long-term. Because intentional suppression involves controlled processing, and many aspects of controlled processing decline with age, age differences in thought suppression outcomes may emerge, especially over repeated thought suppression attempts as cognitive resources are expended. Using multilevel modeling, we examined age differences in reactions to thought suppression attempts across four thought suppression sequences in 40 older and 42 younger adults. As expected, age differences were more prevalent during suppression than during free monitoring periods, with younger adults indicating longer, more frequent thought recurrences and greater suppression difficulty. Further, younger adults’ thought suppression outcomes changed over time, while trajectories for older adults’ were relatively stable. Results are discussed in terms of older adults’ reduced thought recurrence, which was potentially afforded by age-related changes in reactive control and distractibility.

Lambert, Ann E.; Smyth, Frederick L.; Beadel, Jessica R.; Teachman, Bethany A.

2013-01-01

95

Questionnaire typography and production.  

PubMed

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

96

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

97

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

98

Satisfaction With Teaching Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SEF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Satisfaction with Teaching Questionnaire was used. In a study by its developers this scale discriminated between students choosing to be teachers and those choosing other…

Merwin, J. C.; DiVesta , F. J.

99

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

100

Neuroticism, Life Events and Negative Thoughts in the Development of Depression in Adolescent Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Theories of depression suggest that cognitive and environmental factors may explain the relationship between personality and depression. This study tested such a model in early adolescence, incorporating neuroticism, stress-generation and negative automatic thoughts in the development of depressive symptoms. Participants (896 girls, mean age 12.3…

Kercher, Amy J.; Rapee, Ronald M.; Schniering, Carolyn A.

2009-01-01

101

Neuroticism, life events and negative thoughts in the development of depression in adolescent girls.  

PubMed

Theories of depression suggest that cognitive and environmental factors may explain the relationship between personality and depression. This study tested such a model in early adolescence, incorporating neuroticism, stress-generation and negative automatic thoughts in the development of depressive symptoms. Participants (896 girls, mean age 12.3 years) completed measures of personality and depressive symptoms, and 12 months later completed measures of depressive symptoms, recent stressors and negative automatic thoughts. Path analysis supported a model in which neuroticism serves as a distal vulnerability for depression, conferring a risk of experiencing dependent negative events and negative automatic thoughts, which fully mediate the effect of neuroticism on later depression. A second path supported a maintenance model for depression in adolescence, with initial levels of depression predicting dependent negative events, negative automatic thoughts and subsequent depressive symptoms. Unexpectedly, initial depression was also associated with later independent life events. This study establishes potential mechanisms through which personality contributes to the development of depression in adolescent girls. PMID:19437113

Kercher, Amy J; Rapee, Ronald M; Schniering, Carolyn A

2009-10-01

102

Bullying, depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bullies, victims and pupils neutral to bullyingwere compared on depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts.The sample included 2,088 Norwegian boys and girls in grade 8. The results revealed that both bullies and victims had significantly higher mean scores than neutral pupils on both depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. Victims had a significantly higher mean score on depressive thoughts than the bullies.

Erling Roland

2002-01-01

103

Thought Disorder or Speech Disorder in Schizophrenia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classification of schizophrenic patients into thought disordered (TD) and non-thought disordered (NTD) is questioned. It is suggested that the terms speech disordered and non-speech disordered are more exact, and that viewing deviant speech structurally with no assumptions as to the thought behind it may prove valuable.

Elaine Chaika

1982-01-01

104

Automatic Feature Extraction System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The AFES (Automatic Feature Extraction System) is designed to be a testbed for evaluation of semi-automatic and computer-assisted techniques for automated production flow processes. Its intended input sources included National Sensors and LANDSAT imagery,...

J. L. Cambier

1982-01-01

105

Some thoughts on Mercurian resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtually all scenarios on Solar System development ignore Mercury, but such inattention is probably undeserved. Once viable lunar and (probably) asteroidal facilities are established in the next century, Mercury warrants further investigation. Mercury's high solar energy density is a major potential advantage for space-based industries. Indeed, despite its higher gravity, Mercury is roughly twice as easy to leave as the Moon if the additional solar flux is taken into account. Moreover, with solar-driven technologies such as solar sails or electric propulsion, its depth in the Sun's gravity well is less important. Because Mercury is airless and almost certainly waterless, it will be an obvious place to export lunar technology, which will have been developed to deal with very similar conditions. Methods for extracting resources from anhydrous silicates will be particularly germane. Even without solar-powered propulsion, the discovery of low-delta-V access via multiple Venus and Earth encounters makes the planet easier to reach than had been thought. Technology developed for multi-year missions to asteroids and Mars should be readily adaptable to such Mercurian missions. Mercury will not be our first outpost in the Solar System. Nonetheless, as facilities are established in cis-Earth space, it probably merits attention as a next step for development.

Gillett, Stephen L.

106

Automatic sources of aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we review research on automaticity with particular relevance to aggression. Once triggered by environmental features, preconscious automatic processes run to completion without any conscious monitoring. The basic experimental technique for studying automatic processes is priming. We review studies showing that priming, including subliminal priming, of mental constructs related to aggression leads to reliable effects on perceptions, judgments,

Alexander Todorov; John A. Bargh

2002-01-01

107

Alcoholism screening questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the validity of the CAGE (cut down, annoyed, guilty feelings, eye-opener) questionnaire and the Michigan Alcoholism\\u000a Screening Test (MAST) in distinguishing between elderly patients with and without alcohol abuse or dependence disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: A cross-sectional study, in which patients were interviewed with a “gold standard,” the alcohol module of the Revised Diagnostic\\u000a Interview Schedule (DIS-III-R), and two

Thomas V. Jones; Byron A. Lindsey; Pamela Yount; Rebecca Soltys; Bahar Farani-Enayat

1993-01-01

108

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a measure of Autism symptomatology. Moreover, it exhibited good internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. The TEQ is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for the assessment of empathy.

Spreng, R. Nathan; McKinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

2008-01-01

109

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

110

Full Length Donor History Questionnaire  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. This document is one component of the donor history questionnaire documents (Version No. ... Full-Length Donor History Questionnaire ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

111

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Cancer.gov

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

112

Questionnaire Design Principles - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Questionnaire Design & Testing: Questionnaire Design Principles Cognitive Testing Item Response Theory Modeling Guides & Reports International Collaboration Areas of Research Tools Surveys

113

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

114

Research on human body templates automatic generating system based on AutoCAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

To generate human body templates automatically is very useful for analyzing and defining the position relationship between man and machine. Based on AutoCAD, this article introduces the design thoughts and the functional features of human body templates automatic generating system, explains the key problem the system solves, and supplies a solution for interactive adjustment of the human body templates.

Xun Liang; Xing Zhou

2008-01-01

115

Researches on Adolescent Thought: A Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents research studies/findings and provides a developing point of view on adolescent thought. The first chapter discusses the nature and definitions of thinking. The second and third chapters discuss frameworks for adolescent thought (focusing on the Gestalt school, Geneva school, and accelerated learning) and survey studies on…

Vaidya, Narendera

116

Macromarketing as a Pillar of Marketing Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the appropriate centrality of the macromarketing perspective for the larger field of marketing scholarship. Eight topics are explored: (1) the treatment of the societal domain across the “Four Eras” of marketing thought development, (2) the recent trend to research specialization and an ensuing fragmentation of the mainstream of marketing thought, (3) the loss of knowledge and today's

William L. Wilkie; Elizabeth S. Moore

2006-01-01

117

Why not Artificial Consciousness or Thought?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to show why consciousness and thought are not manifested in digital computers. Analyzing the rationale for claiming that the formal manipulation of physical symbols in Turing machines would emulate human thought, the article attempts to show why this proved false. This is because the reinterpretation of ‘designation’ and ‘meaning’ to accommodate physical symbol manipulation

Richard H. Schlagel

1999-01-01

118

Avoidance from Thought Experiments: Fear of Misconception  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two independent lines of research--mental simulations and thought experiments--provide strong arguments about the importance of perceptual modalities for the instructional practices in science education. By situating the use of mental simulations in the framework of thought experiments, this study investigated the nature and the role of mental…

Ozdemir, Omer Faruk

2009-01-01

119

Thought and Language Index: Thought and Language Index: an instrument for assessing thought an instrument for assessing thought and language in schizophrenia and language in schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the interrater reliability, sensitivity and factor structure of a new sensitivity and factor structure of a new assessment instrument, theThought and assessment instrument, theThought and Language Index (TLI), and to determine if Language Index (TLI), and to determine if minor aberrations detectable in the minor aberrations detectable in the speech of healthy individuals are related to speech of

PETER F. LIDDLE; ELTON T. C. NGAN; STEPHANIE L. CAISSIE; CAMERON M. ANDERSON; ALAN T. BATES; DIGBY J. QUESTED; RICHARD WHITE; ROWENA WEG

120

Musings: "Hasten Slowly:" Thoughtfully Planned Acceleration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Acceleration is one of the best researched interventions for gifted students. The author is an advocate of acceleration. However, advocating for the thoughtful, carefully judged employment of a procedure with well researched effectiveness does not imply approval of cases where the procedure is used without sufficient thought--especially where it…

Gross, Miraca U. M.

2008-01-01

121

The Nature of Negative Thoughts in Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the nature and content of the negative thoughts that accompany depression by examining thoughts about oneself and others during three cognitive tasks: imaging, recall, and inference. Mildly depressed and nondepressed subjects were asked to image, recall, and make inferences about a variety of events while thinking about themselves or another person. The events were sad or happy and

Paula R. Pietromonaco; Hazel Markus

1985-01-01

122

Thought Systems and Network Centric Warfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The notion of Thought Warfare and Anti-Warfare (TWAW) has been introduced in earlier work as a way of thinking about future military conflict and its avoidance. TWAW involves the dynamic interaction of allies' and adversaries' Thought Systems. Current Tho...

M. Burke

2000-01-01

123

Psychiatrists' knowledge about maternal filicidal thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveChild murder by mentally ill mothers is an important public health and psychiatric concern. However, the authors' clinical and forensic experience has been that psychiatrists often do not inquire about maternal thoughts of harming their children. This study sought to elucidate the perceptions of psychiatrists and psychiatric residents regarding the frequency of such thoughts, and to clarify whether they inquire

Susan H. Friedman; Renee M. Sorrentino; Joy E. Stankowski; Carol E. Holden; Phillip J. Resnick

2008-01-01

124

The Developmental Dimensions of Recognizing Racist Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focuses on understanding the developmental process that occurs when racist ideas are recognized as a part of college students' thought processes. Longitudinal data were collected from 29 Latino/a college students in order to illustrate how these students made meaning of racist thoughts when they began to recognize it. The framework of…

Torres, Vasti

2009-01-01

125

Impact of Virtual Reality on Young Adults' Physiological Arousal and Aggressive Thoughts: Interaction versus Observation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compared to college students who only watched a violent virtual reality game, those who played the game exhibited a higher heart rate after the game, reported more dizziness and nausea during the game, and exhibited more aggressive thoughts on a posttest questionnaire. Results suggest support for arousal and cognitive, but not psychoanalytic,…

Calvert, Sandra L.; Tan, Siu-Lan

1994-01-01

126

I haven't thought about this for years! Dating recent recalls of vivid memories  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In three studies, we examined memories for previous recall. In Studies 1 and 2, undergraduates were asked whether they had vivid memories about various childhood events. After a one-hour (Study 1) or 2-week (Study 2) interval, they completed a second questionnaire containing new, but also previously presented childhood items. Participants estimated how recently they had thought about old and

Harald Merckelbach; Tom Smeets; Elke Geraerts; Marko Jelicic; Anne Bouwen; Elke Smeets

2006-01-01

127

Effects of priming thoughts about control on anxiety and food intake as moderated by dietary restraint  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was designed to examine: (a) if activating thoughts about control affects anxiety and food intake and (b) if those effects are moderated by dietary restraint. Eighty female undergraduates were administered the Dietary Restraint questionnaire and were primed for cognitions of control or of lack of control. The participants' perceptions of control over food consumption, their state anxiety, and

Ken J. Rotenberg; Claire Lancaster; Julie Marsden; Sarah Pryce; Juliet Williams; Paul Lattimore

2005-01-01

128

Automatic differentiation bibliography  

SciTech Connect

This is a bibliography of work related to automatic differentiation. Automatic differentiation is a technique for the fast, accurate propagation of derivative values using the chain rule. It is neither symbolic nor numeric. Automatic differentiation is a fundamental tool for scientific computation, with applications in optimization, nonlinear equations, nonlinear least squares approximation, stiff ordinary differential equation, partial differential equations, continuation methods, and sensitivity analysis. This report is an updated version of the bibliography which originally appeared in Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application.

Corliss, G.F. [comp.

1992-07-01

129

Automatic battery charger  

SciTech Connect

An automatic battery charging circuit for use with battery powered vehicles such as golf carts includes an automatically timed charging switch which is connected in parallel with the conventional manually timed charging switch of the battery charger. The automatically timed charging switch includes an electrical clock connected across the power line of the charger. When the charger is plugged into the power line, the clock closes the terminals of the automatically timed charging switch for a brief period of time on a periodic basis. This prevents the batteries of the vehicle from becoming substantially discharged during extended periods of non-use, thereby increasing the life of the batteries.

Schub, L.

1984-06-26

130

Thought-shape fusion and body image in eating disorders  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships among thought–shape fusion (TSF), specific instruments to assess body image disturbances, and body image quality of life in eating disorder patients in order to improve the understanding of the links between body image concerns and a specific bias consisting of beliefs about the consequences of thinking about forbidden foods. Patients and methods The final sample included 76 eating disorder patients (mean age 20.13 ± 2.28 years; 59 women and seven men). After having obtained informed consent, the following questionnaires were administered: Body Appreciation Scale (BAS), Body Image Quality of Life Inventory (BIQLI-SP), Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and Thought-Shape Fusion Questionnaire (TSF-Q). Results Significant correlations were found between TSF-Q and body image-related variables. Those with higher scores in TSF showed higher scores in the BSQ (P < 0.0001), Eating Disorder Inventory – Drive for Thinness (EDI-DT) (P < 0.0001), and Eating Disorder Inventory – Body Dissatisfaction (EDI-BD) (P < 0.0001). The same patients showed lower scores in the BAS (P < 0.0001). With respect to the psychopathological variables, patients with high TSF obtained higher scores in all SCL-90-R subscales as well as in the STAI. Conclusion The current study shows the interrelations among different body image-related variables, TSF, and body image quality of life.

Jauregui-Lobera, Ignacio; Bolanos-Rios, Patricia; Ruiz-Prieto, Inmaculada

2012-01-01

131

Automatic Computer Program Generation for Automatic Testing Systems (ATS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a report of an investigation of automatic computer program generation for Automatic Test Equipment. The feasibility of replacing human programmers by an automatic process is demonstrated through description and design of a language and a processor...

N. S. Prywes

1975-01-01

132

The Effects of Decision-Making Style and Cognitive Thought Patterns on Negative Career Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People's thoughts and beliefs about themselves and their career options affect their ability to make decisions. Career counselors would benefit from knowing the factors that contribute to negative career thoughts. This study examined two unexplored factors that may affect the development and maintenance of negative career thoughts, decision-making…

Paivandy, Sheba; Bullock, Emily E.; Reardon, Robert C.; Kelly, F. Donald

2008-01-01

133

Excerpts from An Artist's Thought Book: Intriguing Thoughts about the Artistic Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Artist's Thought Book: Intriguing Thoughts About the Artistic Process is a series of aphorisms by Dr. Richard Bargdill, associate professor of psychology at St. Francis University. These original aphorisms are 1- or 2-sentence thoughts that are roughly categorized into 5 book chapters concerning: what it means to be an artist, a poet, a singer, and a painter, as well

Richard Bargdill

2010-01-01

134

The neural representation of intrusive thoughts.  

PubMed

Based on the philosophical notion that language embodies thought we investigated whether a habitual tendency for intrusive thought that younger and older participants report over a period of 100 sessions, spread out over about 6 months, is associated with brain regions related to language production. In favour of this hypothesis, we found that individual differences in habitual intrusive thoughts are correlated with activity in the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG, Broca's area) as well as the cingulate cortex (CC) during a two-choice reaction-time task in fMRI. Participants who habitually tended to experience intrusive thoughts showed greater activity during task-free (baseline) compared to task periods in brain regions involved in language production. Task performance was unrelated to individual differences in intrusive thoughts. We conclude that intrusive thoughts may be represented in a language-like format and that individuals reporting a habitually higher tendency for intrusive thoughts may have stronger and more habitual inner speech processes. PMID:22563007

Kühn, Simone; Schmiedek, Florian; Brose, Annette; Schott, Björn H; Lindenberger, Ulman; Lövden, Martin

2012-05-03

135

Spatial Working Memory Is Necessary for Actions to Guide Thought.  

PubMed

Directed actions can play a causal role in cognition, shaping thought processes. What drives this cross-talk between action and thought? I investigated the hypothesis that representations in spatial working memory mediate interactions between directed actions and problem solving. Participants attempted to solve an insight problem while occasionally either moving their eyes in a pattern embodying the problem's solution or maintaining fixation. They simultaneously held either a spatial or verbal stimulus in working memory. Participants who moved their eyes in a pattern that embodied the solution were more likely to solve the problem, but only while also performing a verbal working memory task. Embodied guidance of insight was eliminated when participants were instead engaged in a spatial working memory task while moving their eyes, implying that loading spatial working memory prevented movement representations from influencing problem solving. These results point to spatial working memory as a mechanism driving embodied guidance of insight, suggesting that actions do not automatically influence problem solving. Instead, cross-talk between action and higher order cognition requires representations in spatial working memory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23687919

Thomas, Laura E

2013-05-20

136

PPTA Donor History Questionnaire Documents  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FDA's “Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaires and Accompanying ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

137

Public Health Advisory: Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... suicidal thoughts and behaviors and the signs and symptoms to look for ... Talking or thinking about wanting to hurt yourself or end your life; Becoming ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

138

Episodic future thought: Contributions from working memory.  

PubMed

The ability to imagine hypothetical events in one's personal future is thought to involve a number of constituent cognitive processes. We investigated the extent to which individual differences in working memory capacity contribute to facets of episodic future thought. College students completed simple and complex measures of working memory and were cued to recall autobiographical memories and imagine future autobiographical events consisting of varying levels of specificity (i.e., ranging from generic to increasingly specific and detailed events). Consistent with previous findings, future thought was related to analogous measures of autobiographical memory, likely reflecting overlapping cognitive factors supporting both past and future thought. Additionally, after controlling for autobiographical memory, residual working memory variance independently predicted future episodic specificity. We suggest that when imagining future events, working memory contributes to the construction of a single, coherent, future event depiction, but not to the retrieval or elaboration of event details. PMID:23681207

Hill, Paul F; Emery, Lisa J

2013-05-13

139

A positive experience connecting thought and action.  

PubMed

Boyer (1991) suggests that the challenge for nursing education is to provide doctoral students more opportunities to see connections between thought and action. One way to meet those needs is through an intership experience. PMID:12593337

Kennedy, Terris E

2002-01-01

140

Thought Experiments and Collaborative Learning in Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study that illustrates that collaborative-thought experiments are emergent phenomena triggered by events as a whole rather than being predesigned. Points out that participants gradually adopt shared graphical representations and meanings. Contains 28 references. (DDR)|

Reiner, Miriam

1998-01-01

141

Dystopian Reality, Utopian Thought and Educational Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The significance of utopian thought for education can be made evident through reconceptualizing utopia and approaching it\\u000a alongside the notion of dystopia. Awareness of dystopian elements of reality radicalizes the kind of critique that assists\\u000a utopian thought and makes engagement with it more pressing. Awareness of the lurking danger of future dystopia goes hand in\\u000a hand with a utopia that

Marianna Papastephanou

2008-01-01

142

Life time suicidal thoughts in an urban community in Hanoi, Vietnam  

PubMed Central

Background Suicidal thought is a risk factor and a stage in the suicidal process from planning to attempting and dying by suicide. To date, studies on suicidal thought in the general population, especially in Asian communities, have been limited. Method The WHO SUPRE-MISS (the multisite intervention study on suicidal behaviours) community survey questionnaire was filled in for 2,280 randomly selected residents of the DongDa district of Hanoi, Vietnam by means of face-to-face interviews. This multi-factor questionnaire includes such variables as sociodemographic information, suicidal thought and history of suicide attempts, physical health, alcohol consumption and medication. Results Prevalence rates for life time suicidal thoughts, suicide plans and suicide attempts were 8.9%, 1.1% and 0.4% respectively. Suicidal thoughts are associated with multiple characteristics, such as female gender, single/widowed/separated/divorced marital status, low income, lifestyle (use of alcohol, sedatives and pain relief medication), but not with low education or employment status. Having no religion and being a Buddhist appear to be protective factors for suicidal thought. The ratio of suicidal thoughts, suicide plans and suicide attempts on a lifetime basis is 22.3:2.8:1. Conclusion In Vietnam, as in Western and other Asian countries, suicidal thoughts are associated with similar negative psychosocial risk factors, lifestyle and emotional problems, which implies that suicide preventive measure developed elsewhere can be adjusted to Vietnamese condition. Understanding the unique and common risks in a culture may assist in prediction and control.

Thanh, Huong Tran Thi; Tran, Trung Nam; Jiang, Guo-Xin; Leenaars, Antoon; Wasserman, Danuta

2006-01-01

143

The differential functions of imagery and verbal thought in insomnia.  

PubMed

Individuals with insomnia were exposed to a stressor (speech threat) prior to getting into bed and were instructed to think about the speech and its implications in either images (Image group, n = 14) or verbal thought (Verbal group, n = 17). Participants completed questionnaires about speech anxiety, arousal, and sense of resolution. Measures were taken of subjective (sleep diary estimates) and objective (actigraphy) sleep-onset latency. In the short term, the Image group reported more distress and arousal relative to those in the Verbal group. In the longer term, the Image group estimated that they fell asleep more quickly and, the following morning, reported less anxiety and more comfort about giving the speech compared with the Verbal group. PMID:12428780

Nelson, Julia; Harvey, Allison G

2002-11-01

144

Linking impulsivity to dysfunctional thought control and insomnia: a structural equation model.  

PubMed

According to cognitive models of insomnia, excessive mental activity at bedtime may be viewed as an important impediment to the process of falling asleep. A further assumption of these models is that 'cognitive arousal' may be perpetuated and exacerbated by counterproductive strategies of thought management. As yet, little is known about factors that may predispose people to rely on these strategies when confronted with thoughts that keep them awake at night. This study examined the relations between impulsivity, use of different thought-control strategies and insomnia severity. A sample of 391 university students completed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale, the Thought Control Questionnaire Insomnia-Revised and the Insomnia Severity Index. Correlation analyses revealed that two facets of impulsivity (urgency and lack of perseverance), two strategies of thought control (aggressive suppression and worry) and insomnia severity were positively associated. Follow-up structural equation modeling analyses showed that the two mentioned thought-control strategies mediated the effects of the two facets of impulsivity on sleep problems. These findings extend existing cognitive accounts of insomnia by suggesting how predisposing and perpetuating factors may be related: specific personality traits may incline individuals to respond with dysfunctional thought-control strategies to unwanted mental activity at night. PMID:19659917

Schmidt, Ralph E; Gay, Philippe; Ghisletta, Paolo; VAN DER Linden, Martial

2009-07-29

145

Spontaneous prejudice in context: variability in automatically activated attitudes.  

PubMed

The goal of the research reported in this article was to examine whether automatic group attitudes and stereotypes, commonly thought to be fixed responses to a social category cue, are sensitive to changes in the situational context. Two experiments demonstrated such variability of automatic responses due to changes in the stimulus context. In Study 1 White participants' implicit attitudes toward Blacks varied as a result of exposure to either a positive (a family barbecue) or a negative (a gang incident) stereotypic situation. Study 2 demonstrated similar context effects under clearly automatic processing conditions. Here, the use of different background pictures (church interior vs. street corner) for Black and White face primes affected participants' racial attitudes as measured by a sequential priming task. Implications for the concept of automaticity in social cognition are discussed. PMID:11708559

Wittenbrink, B; Judd, C M; Park, B

2001-11-01

146

Automatic Microbial Transfer Device.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An apparatus is disclosed for automatically transferring a predetermined amount of inoculated culture from a first container into a second container which has a sterile culture. The containers rest on the top of a pivoted support surface, where a horizont...

J. R. Wilkins S. M. Mills

1973-01-01

147

Automatic Payroll Deposit System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Automatic Payroll Deposit System in Yakima, Washington's Public School District No. 7, directly transmits each employee's salary amount for each pay period to a bank or other financial institution. (Author/MLF)

Davidson, D. B.

1979-01-01

148

Automatic Pedestrian Counter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Emerging sensor technologies accelerated the shift toward automatic pedestrian counting methods to acquire reliable long-term data for transportation design, planning, and safety studies. Although a number of commercial pedestrian sensors are available, t...

B. Bartin H. Yang K. Ozbay R. Walla R. Williams

2010-01-01

149

Influence of age, thought content, and anxiety on suppression of intrusive thoughts.  

PubMed

Understanding differences in responses following attempts to suppress versus simply monitor intrusive thoughts is important given the established relationship between intrusive thinking and numerous forms of psychopathology. Moreover, these differences may vary as a function of age. Because of the links between aging and both enhancement in emotion regulation skills and decline in inhibition skills, older and younger adults were expected to differ in their responses (e.g., experience of negative affect and thought recurrence) to attempts at suppressing intrusive thoughts. This study examined whether efforts to suppress thought content that varied in valence and age-relevance differentially affected older (N=40, aged 66-92) and younger (N=42, aged 16-25) adults' ability to inhibit intrusive thought recurrence and their resulting negative affect. Interestingly, older adults experienced less recurrence for most thoughts than younger adults. Also, for several dependent variables (negative affect and perceived difficulty suppressing intrusive thoughts), older adults showed less decline in their magnitude of response across thinking periods (i.e., from suppression to monitoring) than did younger adults. These age effects were not generally moderated by level of trait anxiety, though higher anxiety did predict intrusive thought responding in expected directions, such as greater negative affect. These findings point to independent influences of age and anxiety, and suggest a complex mix of risk and protective factors for older adults' responses to intrusive thoughts. PMID:23395408

Beadel, Jessica R; Green, Jennifer S; Hosseinbor, Shahrzad; Teachman, Bethany A

2012-12-27

150

Automatic behaviour: Efficient not mindless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automaticity is a core construct underpinning theoretical accounts of human performance and cognition. In spite of this, its current conceptualisation is plagued by circularity – automaticity is typically defined in terms of the very behaviour it seeks to explain – and a lack of internal consistency—defining features of automaticity do not reliably co-occur. Furthermore, invoking automaticity tends to be post

L. L. Saling; J. G. Phillips

2007-01-01

151

A thought experiment reconciling neuroscience and psychoanalysis.  

PubMed

Thought experiments have a long tradition in science. The thought experiment proposed in this article designs a brain that is compatible with a conceptual framework that integrates neuroscience and psychoanalysis. A connectionist model with emergent collective computational abilities is modified progressively and gradually to retrieve concepts such as the following: life instinct, the death instinct, the conscious, the preconscious, the unconscious, the free-association method, parapraxis, repetitive compulsion, repression, self, other, and "I". In this model, the process of memorisation is represented by a neural network with deep depressions, the bottoms of which correspond to learned configurations known as "attractors". This thought experiment could be helpful in suggesting new formulations of traditional psychoanalytic and neuroscientific constructs. PMID:21864680

Falissard, Bruno

2011-08-12

152

Correspondences and thought-transference during psychoanalysis.  

PubMed

Correspondences, when the analyst has not verbalized his disturbed thoughts and they appear in the patient's spoken associations during analytic treatment, are not due to a single cause. Rather, they occur under a variety of circumstances: chance, coincidence, communication through sensory stimuli and perceptions, sometimes of extraordinary subtlety; or possibly thought-transference. Even if the latter possibility were doubted, the correspondence still may have usefulness as a finding of significance for the treatment process itself. It may alert the analyst to repressive forces directed toward the mix of his disturbing thoughts (reality derived), residues of old conflict areas that these have activated, even if transiently, and also to the current state of his countertransference. Utilizing the patient's associations will increase the analyst's awareness and facilitate the latter's quickly working through of these elements. This will favor progress of treatment. As for the question of thought-transference, preliminary findings suggest that the conditions under which it seems to occur involve the simultaneity of (1) the analyst's tendency to repress disturbing thoughts (including activated infantile residuals) because of guilt at being distracted and (2) qualitatively similar conflictual themes emerging from repression in the patient's unconscious. It raises the question as to whether extrasensory communication is between the unconscious of the two persons involved, occurring at a time when two opposite forces--repression in the analyst and modification of repression of qualitatively similar idea-complexes in the patient--are operative. The subject of correspondences and thought-transference in psychoanalytic treatment requires further study. PMID:3403334

Silverman, S

1988-07-01

153

78 FR 59046 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form AGENCY...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form. OMB...and 4730SP, Federal Labor Standards Questionnaires, will be used by HUD and...

2013-09-25

154

Thought Speed, Mood, and the Experience of Mental Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a theoretical account re- lating thought speed to mood and psychological experi- ence. Thought sequences that occur at a fast speed generally induce more positive affect than do those that occur slowly. Thought speed constitutes one aspect of mental motion. Another aspect involves thought variabil- ity, or the degree to which thoughts in a sequence either vary

Emily Pronin; Elana Jacobs

2008-01-01

155

Automatic pesticide application in greenhouses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three automatic pesticide application systems are presented: an automatic thermal vaporimeter; a cold fogger (low volume mist\\u000a applicator or mechanical aerosol generator); and an automatic air-assisted sprayer for controlled droplet application (CDA).\\u000a The automatic thermal vaporimeter is thermally regulated to prevent spontaneous ignition of the evaporated pesticide, and\\u000a is equipped with an automatic quantity-control system. One vaporimeter is capable of

Miriam Austerweil; A. Grinstein

1997-01-01

156

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

157

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

158

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

159

Summary of Supplier Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire was sent to over two hundred suppliers of EFT (Electronic Funds Transfer) related equipment and services to ask those suppliers to comment on six basic issues of concern to the industry. They are: competition, reliability, security, consum...

1976-01-01

160

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)|

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

161

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found

162

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = * Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found 1 question

163

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Months Interval = Year Your search

164

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work or Work/Home Your

165

Fundamental issues in questionnaire design.  

PubMed

The questionnaire is probably the most common form of data collection tool used in nursing research. There is a misconception that anyone with a clear grasp of English and a modicum of common sense can design an effective questionnaire. Contrary to such common belief, this article will demonstrate that questionnaire design is a complex and time consuming process, but a necessary labour to ensure valid and reliable data is collected. In addition, meticulous construction is more likely to yield data that can be utilized in the pursuit of objective, quantitative and generalizable truths, upon which practice and policy decisions can be formulated. This article examines a myriad of fundamental issues surrounding questionnaire design, which encompass question wording, question order, presentation, administration and data collection, amongst other issues. PMID:10693384

Murray, P

1999-07-01

166

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

167

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

168

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

169

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

170

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

171

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

172

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

173

Language, Thought, and Memory in Linguistic Performance: A Thought View and the First Two Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Experimental hypotheses are proposed which assert (1) that "thought" and "language" are distinct but both are part of linguistic performance; (2) that "thought" is central, and "language" is a symbolic system that one uses to refer in various ways to what he thinks; and (3) that immediate memory works with utterances and linguistic texts over a…

Lado, Robert; Higgs, Theodore

174

The role of thought suppression in the bonding of thought and mood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea that thought suppression creates a unique bond between the suppressed item and one's mood state, such that the reactivation of one leads to the reinstatement of the other, was examined. In Experiment 1, subjects who were induced by music to experience positive or negative moods reported their thoughts while trying to think or not think about a white

Richard M. Wenzlaff; Daniel M. Wegner; Stanley B. Klein

1991-01-01

175

Neurology and Creative Thought: Some Thoughts About Working Memory, the Cerebellum, and Creativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students of creativity have long been interested in the neurological mechanisms that underlie creative thought. Vandervert, Schimpf, and Liu (this issue) have proposed a new model of the neurological mechanisms that give rise to creative thought. In the present commentary, we examine this model for what it might tell us about creative problem solving. We conclude that the proposed model

Michael D. Mumford; Jay J. Caughron

2007-01-01

176

Japanese Maritime Thought: If Not Mahan, Who.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The late Colonel John Boyd,who knew a thing or two about strategic thought, was fond of declaring that excellence in warfare and other human endeavors depended on people, ideas, and hardware-in that order. We postulate that Japan has lost sight of this co...

J. R. Holmes T. Yoshihara

2006-01-01

177

Current Thought on Curriculum. 1985 ASCD Yearbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current issues and concerns facing both academic scholars and educational practitioners are presented in the following articles: (1) "Schools and Their Curriculum: A Continuing Controversy" (Alex Molnar); (2) "Three Currents of American Curriculum Thought" (Herbert M. Kliebard); (3) "Curriculum Theory/Curriculum Practice: A Gap or the Grand…

Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA.

178

An experimental approximation of thought reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thought reform processes were simulated in the laboratory with 96 Ss. The Ss were required to evolve an extended series of alternative responses from their own behavior repertoire, in successive approximation to the criterion demanded by the E, which remained unknown to the Ss. This study sought to achieve the abandonment of a basic behavior pattern and the adoption of

O. Henry Harsch; Herbert Zimmer

1965-01-01

179

Habits of thought and cultural tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way cultural tourists think about the people they visit impacts upon their travel experiences. Cultural tourism professionals can benefit by understanding this diversity of thought. By examining four travelogs concerning Native American cultures in the 19th century, the value of new research techniques from consumer behavior which employ methods paralleling literary criticism are demonstrated and related to the empirical

Alf H Walle

1996-01-01

180

Movements of Thought in the Nineteenth Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the very nature of things, reviewing a posthumous book involves a different approach on the part of the critic. The decent reticence that protects the author of the book, however, need not embrace his literary trustees or editors. Those persons who share the responsibility for the publication of Movements of Thought in the Nineteenth Century can rest assured that

Charles F. Mullett

1937-01-01

181

Thought-action fusion: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cognitive bias of “Thought Action Fusion” (TAF) has received significant research attention in the past decade. The review addresses the assessment of TAF, its place in cognitive theories of obsessional difficulties, and the evidence demonstrating that TAF is relevant to disorders beyond Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Data on the components of TAF, its extension to positive outcomes and its

R Shafran; S Rachman

2004-01-01

182

Language and the Higher Thought Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of seven significant articles on higher thought processes stresses the important relationship of these processes to the teaching of language skills. The articles are: (1) "Language and the Habit of Credulity" by Russell G. Stauffer. (2) "Research on the Processes of Thinking with Some Applications to Reading " by David H. Russell,…

Stauffer, Russell G., Ed.

183

Thought Field Therapy: A Former Insider's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thought Field Therapy (TFT) is a novel therapy that employs finger tapping on purported acupressure points. Over the past decade, TFT, promoted on the Internet and through testimonials of fast cures, has gained popularity with therapists, including clinical social workers. Although TFT claims to cure a wide variety of psychological and physical…

Pignotti, Monica

2007-01-01

184

Buddhist thought and nursing: a hermeneutic exploration.  

PubMed

In this paper I lay out the ground for a creative dialogue between Buddhist thought and contemporary nursing. I start from the observation that in tracing an arc from the existential human experience of suffering to finding compassionate responses to suffering in everyday practice Buddhist thought already appears to present significant affinities with nursing as a practice discipline. I discuss some of the complexities of entering into a cross-cultural dialogue, which is already well under way in the working out of Western forms of Buddhism, and which is beginning to be reflected in nursing literature. I introduce philosophical hermeneutics as a useful framework for elaborating an open and constructive exchange. I then discuss key Mahayana Buddhist concepts of emptiness and two truths that lead to a dynamic and open way of understanding reality and responding in the world. I turn to examples of original texts to give a flavour of the varied and distinctive forms of literature in the Buddhist tradition. This is intended partly to keep the reader alert to cultural difference (from a Western standpoint, that is) while exploring the creative potential of Buddhist thought. Hermeneutics again provides a framework for interpretation. This paper establishes a philosophical ground for a critical and creative dialogue between Buddhist thought and nursing. PMID:22405016

McCaffrey, Graham; Raffin-Bouchal, Shelley; Moules, Nancy J

2012-04-01

185

Mapping Musical Thought to Musical Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expressive timing methods are described that map pianists' musical thoughts to sounded performance. In Experiment 1, 6 pianists performed the same musical excerpt on a computer-monitored keyboard. Each performance contained 3 expressive timing patterns: chord asynchronies, rubato patterns, and overlaps (staccato and legato). Each pattern was strongest in experienced pianists' performances and decreased when pianists attempted to play unmusically. In

Caroline Palmer

1989-01-01

186

The Structure of Concrete Operational Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a four-year longitudinal study of the development of concrete operational thought, children were administered tests assessing seriation; numeration; class inclusion; hierarchical classification; and conservation of mass, weight, and volume. Levels of seriation and numeration skills in kindergarten were powerful predictors of the acquisition of…

Tomlinson-Keasey, C.: And Others

1979-01-01

187

Thoughts around the Maternal: A Sociological Viewpoint  

Microsoft Academic Search

'But we never thought you were maternal', my brother said to me in the early weeks following the birth of my first daughter. And indeed I am not sure that I was or have been particularly maternal although I do have three lovely daughters who I love beyond words. But this remark reaffirms how closely women's lives are patterned in

Tina Miller

188

Faulty suppression of irrelevant material in patients with thought disorder linked to attenuated frontotemporal activation.  

PubMed

Formal thought disorder is a feature schizophrenia that manifests as disorganized, incoherent speech, and is associated with a poor clinical outcome. The neurocognitive basis of this symptom is unclear but it is thought to involve an impairment in semantic processing classically described as a loosening of meaningful associations. Using a paradigm derived from the n400 event-related, potential, we examined the extent to which regional activation during semantic processing is altered in schizophrenic patients with formal thought disorder. Ten healthy control and 18 schizophrenic participants (9 with and 9 without formal thought disorder) performed a semantic decision sentence task during an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging experiment. We employed analysis of variance to estimate the main effects of semantic congruency and groups on activation and specific effects of formal thought disorder were addressed using post-hoc comparisons. We found that the frontotemporal network, normally engaged by a semantic decision task, was underactivated in schizophrenia, particularly in patients with FTD. This network is implicated in the inhibition of automatically primed stimuli and impairment of its function interferes with language processing and contributes to the production of incoherent speech. PMID:22966432

Arcuri, S M; Broome, M R; Giampietro, V; Amaro, E; Kircher, T T J; Williams, S C R; Andrew, C M; Brammer, M; Morris, R G; McGuire, P K

2012-04-19

189

Irrational beliefs in the articulated thoughts of college students with social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive conceptualizations of social anxiety emphasize the role of negative self-statements, unrealistic expectations, and irrational beliefs in the development and maintenance of anxiety in social-evaluative situations. Research into these cognitive factors has entailed administration of questionnaires and instructions to subjects to write down their thoughts during a preceding or impending real-life encounter. These methodologies are criticized on several grounds, such

Gerald C. Davison; Vivien Zighelboim

1987-01-01

190

AUTOMATIC COUNTING APPARATUS  

DOEpatents

An apparatus for automatically recording the results of counting operations on trains of electrical pulses is described. The disadvantages of prior devices utilizing the two common methods of obtaining the count rate are overcome by this apparatus; in the case of time controlled operation, the disclosed system automatically records amy information stored by the scaler but not transferred to the printer at the end of the predetermined time controlled operations and, in the case of count controlled operation, provision is made to prevent a weak sample from occupying the apparatus for an excessively long period of time.

Howell, W.D.

1957-08-20

191

Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior With Antidepressant Treatment  

PubMed Central

Context The US Food and Drug Administration issued a black box warning for antidepressants and suicidal thoughts and behavior in children and young adults. Objective To determine the short-term safety of anti-depressants by standard assessments of suicidal thoughts and behavior in youth, adult, and geriatric populations and the mediating effect of changes in depressive symptoms. Data Sources All intent-to-treat person-level longitudinal data of major depressive disorder from 12 adult, 4 geriatric, and 4 youth randomized controlled trials of fluoxetine hydrochloride and 21 adult trials of venlafaxine hydrochloride. Study Selection All sponsor-conducted randomized controlled trials of fluoxetine and venlafaxine. Data Extraction The suicide items from the Children’s Depression Rating Scale–Revised and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale as well as adverse event reports of suicide attempts and suicide during active treatment were analyzed in 9185 patients (fluoxetine: 2635 adults, 960 geriatric patients, 708 youths; venlafaxine: 2421 adults with immediate-release venlafaxine and 2461 adults with extended-release venlafaxine) for a total of 53 260 person-week observations. Data Synthesis Suicidal thoughts and behavior decreased over time for adult and geriatric patients randomized to fluoxetine or venlafaxine compared with placebo, but no differences were found for youths. In adults, reduction in suicide ideation and attempts occurred through a reduction in depressive symptoms. In all age groups, severity of depression improved with medication and was significantly related to suicide ideation or behavior. Conclusions Fluoxetine and venlafaxine decreased suicidal thoughts and behavior for adult and geriatric patients. This protective effect is mediated by decreases in depressive symptoms with treatment. For youths, no significant effects of treatment on suicidal thoughts and behavior were found, although depression responded to treatment. No evidence of increased suicide risk was observed in youths receiving active medication. To our knowledge, this is the first research synthesis of suicidal thoughts and behavior in depressed patients treated with antidepressants that examined the mediating role of depressive symptoms using complete longitudinal person-level data from a large set of published and unpublished studies.

Gibbons, Robert D.; Brown, C. Hendricks; Hur, Kwan; Davis, John M.; Mann, J. John

2012-01-01

192

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: transplantation.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire (NQQ) has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, to those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include transplantation issues. These cases, along with single best answer questions, were prepared by Dr. Hricik. After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers were then briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-that of the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22595824

Hricik, Donald E; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-17

193

The nuclear dilemma in American strategic thought  

SciTech Connect

Since the end of World War II, the United States has faced moral and strategic issues in its management of force that are unique in the history of international politics. At the heart of these issues is the heavy reliance of the United States and its allies on the deterrent effect of nuclear weapons and the fact that their use would very likely lead to self-defeating destruction and ecological catastrophe. This dilemma affects every major military decision and strategic debate, and the history of U.S. strategic thought can be viewed as an attempt to cope by rejecting, abolishing, or weakening the nuclear specter. In this review, the author explores the evolution of postwar strategic thought in the United States, examining the moral and practical implications of the nuclear dilemma.

Osgood, R.E.

1987-01-01

194

Social Connections and Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior  

PubMed Central

Disrupted social connectedness is associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs). The current study sought to further characterize this relationship by examining several indices of social connectedness—1) living alone, 2) perceived social support, 3) interpersonal conflict, 4) belongingness. Participants (n = 814) were recruited from four residential substance-use treatment programs and completed self-report measures of social connectedness as well as whether they had ever thought about or attempted suicide. Multivariate results indicated that interpersonal conflict and belongingness were significant predictors of a history of suicidal ideation, and belongingness, perceived social support, and living alone were significant predictors of suicide attempt. These results indicate the most consistent support for the relationship between suicidality and thwarted belongingness, and also support the clinical utility of assessing whether individuals live alone.

You, Sungeun; Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Conner, Kenneth R.

2010-01-01

195

Videogame Addiction: Further Thoughts and Observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides further thoughts and observations on Richard Wood’s paper “Problems with the concept of video game “addiction”:\\u000a Some case study examples (this issue). Wood argues against the concept of ‘videogame addiction’ but very few of the arguments\\u000a presented by Wood negate its existence. Just because the few empirical studies appear to overestimate the prevalence of ‘videogame\\u000a addiction’, it

Mark D. Griffiths

2008-01-01

196

Schools of Thought Related to Criminal Profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter offers a brief overview of the differing schools of thought related to criminal profiling. As discussed in this\\u000a chapter, there currently appears to be three distinct approaches that operate under the respective titles of Criminal Investigative\\u000a Analysis, Investigative Psychology, and Crime Action Profiling. The central ideological tenets and methodological characteristics\\u000a underpinning and differentiating each are briefly outlined.

Richard N. Kocsis

197

Denmark Strait currents more dynamic than thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Data collected by sensors at various locations in the Denmark Strait from 1999 to 2003 was used to study water temperature and density. It was found that the temperature and density of the water fluctuates much more than previously thought. Suggestions include the establishment of a long term observing system to track water movement from the Nordic Seas to the Atlantic and explore the effects of the observed variations on large scale circulation in the Atlantic.

Al., Macrander E.; Agu

198

Afterword, and Thoughts About the Future Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This book has collected the thoughts of expert archeologists, paleontologists, and paleoecologists, in addition to a specialist\\u000a in ancient DNA studies, but in the end it is not possible for me as editor to identify a clear majority opinion (and hence\\u000a solve the puzzle of extinction). Borrero (Chapter 8) sees little useful evidence in South America that human foragers had

Reno Reno

199

The Two-Track Model of Bereavement Questionnaire (TTBQ): Development and Validation of a Relational Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Two-Track Model of Bereavement Questionnaire (TTBQ) was designed to assess response to loss over time. Respondents were 354 persons who completed the 70-item self-report questionnaire constructed in accordance with the Two-Track Model of Bereavement. Track I focuses on the bereaved's biopsychosocial functioning and Track II concerns the bereaved's ongoing relationship to the range of memories, images, thoughts, and feeling

Simon Shimshon Rubin; Ofri Bar Nadav; Ruth Malkinson; Dan Koren; Moran Goffer-Shnarch; Ella Michaeli

2009-01-01

200

Automatic construction of FCMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a method for automatically constructing fuzzy cognitive maps based on the user provided data. This method consists of finding the degree of similarity between any two variables (represented by numerical vectors), finding whether the relation between variables is direct or inverse, and with the use of the fuzzy expert system tool (FEST) it determines the

M Schneider; E Shnaider; A Kandel; G Chew

1998-01-01

201

Automatic Dance Lesson Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, an automatic lesson generation system is presented which is suitable in a learning-by-mimicking scenario where the learning objects can be represented as multiattribute time series data. The dance is used as an example in this paper to illustrate the idea. Given a dance motion sequence as the input, the proposed lesson generation…

Yang, Yang; Leung, H.; Yue, Lihua; Deng, LiQun

2012-01-01

202

Automatic Threshold Circuit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An automatic threshold circuit to establish a threshold that is a specified number of db above the input's rms frequency weighted noise value is described. The input is compared with the feedback threshold value, the result of which is coupled to a limite...

J. H. Bumgardner

1976-01-01

203

Automatic sweep circuit  

DOEpatents

An automatically sweeping circuit for searching for an evoked response in an output signal in time with respect to a trigger input. Digital counters are used to activate a detector at precise intervals, and monitoring is repeated for statistical accuracy. If the response is not found then a different time window is examined until the signal is found.

Keefe, Donald J. (Lemont, IL)

1980-01-01

204

An Automatic Overlay Generator  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an algorithm for automatically generating an overlay structure for a program, with the goal of reducing the primary storage requirements of that program. Subject to the constraints of intermodule dependences, the algorithm can either find a maximal overlay structure or find an overlay structure that, where possible, restricts the program to a specified amount of primary storage. Results

Ron Cytron; Paul G. Loewner

1986-01-01

205

Automatic domotic device interoperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current domotic systems manufacturers develop their systems nearly in isolation, responding to different marketing policies and to different technological choices. While there are many available approaches to enable interoperation with domotic systems as a whole, few solutions tackle interoperation between single domotic devices belonging to different technology networks. This paper introduces an automatic device-to-device interoperation solution exploiting ontology- based semantic

Dario Bonino; Emiliano Castellina; Fulvio Corno

2009-01-01

206

Reactor component automatic grapple  

DOEpatents

A grapple for handling nuclear reactor components in a medium such as liquid sodium which, upon proper seating and alignment of the grapple with the component as sensed by a mechanical logic integral to the grapple, automatically seizes the component. The mechanical logic system also precludes seizure in the absence of proper seating and alignment.

Greenaway, Paul R. (Bethel Park, PA)

1982-01-01

207

Automatic Smear Counter.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An automatic system to detect alpha and beta radiation emitted from either ''smeared'' IBM cards or special IBM cards with a filter paper window, as used in air sampling systems, has been designed and fabricated. A modified card reader is used to input da...

E. R. Rogers L. E. White

1986-01-01

208

Automatic TCP Buffer Tuning  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growth of high performance networking, a single host may have simultaneous connections that vary in bandwidth by as many as six orders of magnitude. We identify requirements for an automatically-tuning TCP to achieve maximum throughput across all connections simultaneously within the resource limits of the sender. Our auto-tuning TCP implementation makes use of several existing technologies and adds

Jeffrey Semke; Jamshid Mahdavi; Matthew Mathis

1998-01-01

209

Automatic Electronic Oxygen Supply  

PubMed Central

An automatic electronic oxygen system has been devised to supply an intensive care unit with a “fail-safe” supply of continuous oxygen. All parts of the system are fitted with alarms, as the oxygen powers gas-driven ventilators. Since the system is cheap it can be installed in hospitals where finance is limited.

Ford, Patricia; Hoodless, D. J.

1971-01-01

210

Automatic Thickener Control.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Direct automatic control of underflow density is found in practice to lead to a higher and more consistent degree of dewatering of a milled gold ore pulp in continuous thickening than achieved by the present method of manual operation. An ultrasonic senso...

K. J. Scott

1972-01-01

211

Automatic Whistler Detector and Analyzer system: Automatic Whistler Detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new, unique system has been developed for the automatic detection and analysis of whistlers. The Automatic Whistler Detector and Analyzer (AWDA) system has two purposes: (1) to automatically provide plasmaspheric electron densities extracted from whistlers and (2) to collect statistical data for the investigation of whistler generation and propagation. This paper presents the details of and the first results

J. Lichtenberger; C. Ferencz; L. Bodnár; D. Hamar; P. Steinbach

2008-01-01

212

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2009-04-01

213

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2010-04-01

214

Elusive thoughts: The limited accessibility of indexical beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the phenomenon of the essential indexical, the special informativeness of thoughts expressed with indexical terms and the role of these thoughts in belief-desire explanations of behavior. I focus not on the expressions but on the thoughts expressed, because at the level of thought are found issues from both semantics and philosophy of mind, and it is illuminating

Peter E. Pruim

1996-01-01

215

The Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questionnaire is intended to be used with individuals who are experiencing regional pain problems that are af- fecting their performance at work, taking repeated short spells of sickness absence or are currently off work and have been so for up to 12 weeks. There are 21 scored questions concerning attitudes and beliefs, behaviour in response to pain, affect, perception

Grahame Brown

2008-01-01

216

The Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluated the Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire (HDSQ; Metalsky & Joiner, 1991). The HDSQ is a 32-item self-report measure of eight symptoms posited by L. Abramson, G. Metalsky, and L. Alloy (1989) to comprise a specific subtype of depression—hopelessness depression. Factor analytic results from 435 subjects suggested that: (a) Each of the eight subscales of the HDSQ reflects a distinct symptom

Gerald I. Metalsky; Thomas E. Joiner

1997-01-01

217

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work/Elsewhere or Work/Errands

218

Assessment of self-harm risk using implicit thoughts.  

PubMed

Assessing for the risk of self-harm in acute care is a difficult task, and more information on pertinent risk factors is needed to inform clinical practice. This study examined the relationship of 6 forms of implicit cognition about death, suicide, and self-harm with the occurrence of self-harm in the future. We then attempted to develop a model using these measures of implicit cognition along with other psychometric tests and clinical risk factors. We conducted a prospective cohort of 107 patients (age > 17 years) with a baseline assessment that included 6 implicit association tests that assessed thoughts of death, suicide, and self-harm. Psychometric questionnaires were also completed by the patients, and these included the Beck Hopelessness Scale (Beck, Weissman, Lester, & Trexler, 1974), Barratt impulsiveness scale (Patton, Stanford, & Barratt, 1995), brief symptom inventory (Derogatis & Melisaratos, 1983), CAGE questionnaire for alcoholism (Ewing, 1984), and the drug abuse screening test 10 (Skinner, 1982). Medical and demographic information was also obtained for patients as potential confounders or useful covariables. The outcome measure was the occurrence of self-harm within 3 months. Implicit associations with death versus life as a predictor added significantly (odds ratio = 5.1, 95% confidence interval [1.3, 20.3]) to a multivariable model. The model had 96.6% sensitivity and 53.9% specificity with a high cutoff, or 58.6% sensitivity and 96.2% specificity with a low cutoff. This scale shows promise for screening emergency department patients with mental health presentations who may be at risk for future self-harm or suicide. PMID:23647043

Randall, Jason R; Rowe, Brian H; Dong, Kathryn A; Nock, Matthew K; Colman, Ian

2013-05-06

219

Self-Interest, Automaticity, and the Psychology of Conflict of Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that self-interest and concern for others influence behavior through different cognitive systems. Self-interest is automatic, viscerally compelling, and often unconscious. Understanding one's ethical and professional obligations to others, in contrast, often involves a more thoughtful process. The automatic nature of self-interest gives it a primal power to influence judgment and make it difficult for people to understand

Don A. Moore; George Loewenstein

2004-01-01

220

Automatism and driving offences.  

PubMed

Automatism is a rarely used defence, but it is particularly used for driving offences because many are strict liability offences. Medical evidence is almost always crucial to argue the defence, and it is important to understand the bars that limit the use of automatism so that the important medical issues can be identified. The issue of prior fault is an important public safeguard to ensure that reasonable precautions are taken to prevent accidents. The total loss of control definition is more problematic, especially with disorders of more gradual onset like hypoglycaemic episodes. In these cases the alternative of 'effective loss of control' would be fairer. This article explores several cases, how the criteria were applied to each, and the types of medical assessment required. PMID:24112330

Rumbold, John

2013-08-07

221

Implementing automatic differentiation efficiently  

SciTech Connect

The automatic differentiation of computer arithmetic has been investigated since before 1960. Most of this effort has been centered on the forward mode of derivative evaluation. Speelpenning, Iri and Kubota, and Horwedel et al. have all implemented the more efficient reverse mode of evaluating derivatives in their respective Fortran precompilers. The reverse mode requires information about a computation to be stored in order that derivatives may be calculated after the function evaluation has been completed. This additional storage cost may be prohibitive. The goals of our research have been to implement an automatic differentiation package that gracefully handles the storage issue and to generate a parallel implementation of derivative evaluation in the reverse mode. This paper discusses results of both research efforts, specifically those involving the ADOL-C package. 10 refs., 4 figs.

Juedes, D.; Griewank, A.

1990-10-01

222

Criterra automatic location planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criterra is a software suite that automatically determines optimum locations and heights in seconds\\/minutes for security system sensors, and locations for infrastructure and response forces based on dominant mosaic, line-of-sight, time-and-space, Doppler, propagation and other algorithms, executed on a terabyte size 3D geospatial and object database. Inputs include specifications of sensor systems, barriers, and response forces. Criterra is based on

Lawrence Cassenti; P. E. Peter Leed

2011-01-01

223

Automatic Skin Color Beautification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose an automatic skin beautification framework based on color-temperature-insensitive skin-color detection. To polish selected skin region, we apply bilateral filter to smooth the facial flaw. Last, we use Poisson image cloning to integrate the beautified parts into the original input. Experimental results show that the proposed method can be applied in varied light source environment. In addition, this method can naturally beautify the portrait skin.

Chen, Chih-Wei; Huang, Da-Yuan; Fuh, Chiou-Shann

224

[On Mao Zedong's thoughts about population].  

PubMed

The historical position for Comrade Mao Zedong's thoughts about population cannot be ignored. History has told us that the Party and Government of China have always treated the problem of birth control and family planning seriously. In 1957, Chairman Mao lectured both inside and outside the Party on the importance of family planning. Regulations were drafted to govern the excercise of family planning. According to these regulations, people who live in the populated areas should be educated concerning the need for and practice of birth control, and they should have children according to family planning regulations. In this way, the overburden for families may be reduced, the younger generation may receive a better education, and they will have sufficient employment opportunities when they grow up. In the areas inhabited by ethnic minorities, and exception should be made as far as family planning is concerned. In general, family planning should be integrated as a part of the overall plan for the development of the national economy. On the need for emphasizing both quantity and quality in population policy, Mao Zedong pointed out that people should learn how to manage material production and how to "manage themselves." Such thoughts of Mao Zedong provide an essential guideline in China's revolution and social construction. PMID:12159379

Qin, R

1984-03-29

225

The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a set of personality and language characteristics that reflect the phenotypic expression\\u000a of the genetic liability to autism, in non-autistic relatives of autistic individuals. These characteristics are milder but\\u000a qualitatively similar to the defining features of autism. A new instrument designed to measure the BAP in adults, the Broad\\u000a Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ), was

Robert S. E. Hurley; Molly Losh; Morgan Parlier; J. Steven Reznick; Joseph Piven

2007-01-01

226

Mothers misunderstand questions on a feeding questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feeding questionnaires have not consistently identified mothers' beliefs or behaviors associated with preschool children becoming overweight. One reason may be that mothers do not understand the constructs in the questions in the way intended by the developers of the questionnaire. This study assessed items on the Preschooler Feeding Questionnaire (PFQ)—a maternal questionnaire about feeding practices and beliefs relating to the

Anjali Jain; Susan N. Sherman; Leigh A. Chamberlin; Robert C. Whitaker

2004-01-01

227

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: electrolytes.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire has become an annual tradition at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time using audience response devices with the answers of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include fluid and electrolyte disorders, transplantation, and ESRD and dialysis. Cases representing each of these categories along with single best-answer questions were prepared by a panel of experts (the authors). The correct and incorrect answers then were briefly discussed after the audience responses and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article tries to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22580788

Palmer, Biff F; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-10

228

Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated…

Fresco, David M.; Moore, Michael T.; van Dulmen, Manfred H. M.; Segal, Zindel V.; Ma, S. Helen; Teasdale, John D.; Williams, J. Mark G.

2007-01-01

229

Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one’s thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated the factor structure of the EQ in both

David M. Fresco; Michael T. Moore; Manfred H. M. van Dulmen; Zindel V. Segal; S. Helen Ma; John D. Teasdale; J. Mark G. Williams

2007-01-01

230

VALIDATION OF A FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE BY DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF HABITUAL AD LIBITUM FOOD INTAKE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Background: Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) are a common technique used to assess habitual food intake. Although FFQs are thought to be susceptible to measurement error, the amount of error and the effectiveness of correction factors are unknown. Objective: To detect measurement error in FFQ pr...

231

Some Jewish thoughts on genetic enhancement.  

PubMed

The issues of the ethics of germ line modification in general and of enhancement by germ line modification in particular have been the subject of hundreds of articles in the bioethical literature. Both because the techniques are far from perfected and because the potential long term side effects are unkown, there is a widespread consensus that germ line modification for enhancement is absolutely unethical and beyond the pale at the present time. The author considers a thought expperiment projecting into the future in which perhaps the safety and reversibility of germ line modification have been clearly demonstrated. Under such circumstances it is contended that the dividing line between treatment and enhancement is difficult and indeed perhaps impossible to maintain. The Jewish tradition is examined and from the various sources cited it would seem that the benefits of certain kinds of genetic enhancements might well outweigh the objections to such manipulations. PMID:21653648

Glick, Shimon M

2011-06-08

232

Italian super-eruption larger than thought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent research suggested that the super-eruption of the Campi Flegrei caldera volcano in southern Italy about 40,000 years ago may have played a part in wiping out, or forcing the migration of, the Neanderthal and modern human populations in the eastern Mediterranean regions that were covered in ash. Now a new modeling study by Costa et al. suggests that this eruption may have been even larger than previously thought. This Campi Flegrei eruption produced a widespread ash layer known as Campanian Ignimbrite (CI). Using ash thickness measurements collected at 115 sites and a three-dimensional ash dispersal model, the researchers found that the CI super-eruption would have spread 250-300 cubic kilometers of ash across a 3.7-million-square kilometer region—2 to 3 times previous ash volume estimates.

Schultz, Colin

2012-07-01

233

How emotions inform judgment and regulate thought  

PubMed Central

Being happy or sad influences the content and style of thought. One explanation is that affect serves as information about the value of whatever comes to mind. Thus, when a person makes evaluative judgments or engages in a task, positive affect can enhance evaluations and empower potential responses. Rather than affect itself, the information conveyed by affect is crucial. Tests of the hypothesis find that affective influences can be made to disappear by changing the source to which the affect is attributed. In tasks, positive affect validates and negative affect invalidates accessible cognitions, leading to relational processing and item-specific processing, respectively. Positive affect is found to promote, and negative affect to inhibit, many textbook phenomena from cognitive psychology.

Clore, Gerald L.; Huntsinger, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

234

Conceptions of Australian political thought: A methodological critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes issue with a number of standard interpretations of Australian political thought and the methods of argument by which they have been reached. It confronts the substantive claims (a) that Australia has produced no significant indigenous political thought, ideology, or ideological conflict, and (b) that which passes for political thought is generally derivative, lacking in originality and inferior.

Geoff Stokes

1994-01-01

235

Primitive religious thought and the evolution of religion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an article in this journal about the ideas of Levy-Brühl, Don Wiebe reviewed ideas from anthropology to argue that there is indeed a primitive mentality, and that mythopoeic religious thought is an instance of this mentality. Wiebe ends by declaring religious thought generally to be mythopoeic. The anthropological literature does support well Wiebe's thesis that primitive thought is primitive,

Michael H Barnes

1992-01-01

236

Thought disorder in high-functioning autistic adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined thought disorder in a sample (n = 11) of high- functioning autistic young adults and older adolescents (mean IQ = 83) utilizing objective ratings from the Thought, Language and Communication Disorder Scale (TLC Scale) and projective data from the Rorschach inkblots. Results from the TLC Scale pointed to negative features of thought disorder in this sample (e.g., Poverty of

Elisabeth Dykens; Fred Volkmar; Marion Glick

1991-01-01

237

Economic thought and numerical observations : studies in 'political arithmetic'  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis investigates the epistemologieal status of 'raw' numerical observations, and to a lesser extent, more formal statistical constructs in economic thought. The definition of 'economic thought' used throughout this work follows Joseph Schumpeter's broad conception in that it includes two interrelated aspects: formal economic analysis and more everyday, commonsense thought. A central question is the issue of justifying numerical

Anthony M Endres

1982-01-01

238

The Thought Experiment: An Imaginative Way into Civic Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thought experiments enable students to think about persistent social issues by drawing on both knowledge and imagination. In this article, the author provides examples of thought experiments found in literature for adults and middle school students, a rationale for doing thought experiments in the classroom, a step-by-step procedure to follow, and…

Zarnowski, Myra

2009-01-01

239

Attributions for Thought Suppression Failure in Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive–behavioral models of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) posit that OCD is mediated, in part, by the paradoxical effects of thought suppression. This theory is based largely on research using nonclinical participants indicating that attempting to suppress thoughts may cause a paradoxical increase in the frequency of that thought. Previous research using OCD patients (OCs) suggests that OCs are more likely than

David F. Tolin; Jonathan S. Abramowitz; Constance Hamlin; Edna B. Foa; Demetrius S. Synodi

2002-01-01

240

Automatic readout micrometer  

SciTech Connect

A measuring system is disclosed for surveying and very accurately positioning objects with respect to a reference line. A principal use of this surveying system is for accurately aligning the electromagnets which direct a particle beam emitted from a particle accelerator. Prior art surveying systems require highly skilled surveyors. Prior art systems include, for example, optical surveying systems which are susceptible to operator reading errors, and celestial navigation-type surveying systems, with their inherent complexities. The present invention provides an automatic readout micrometer which can very accurately measure distances. The invention has a simplicity of operation which practically eliminates the possibilities of operator optical reading error, owning to the elimination of traditional optical alignments for making measurements. The invention has an extendable arm which carries a laser surveying target. The extendable arm can be continuously positioned over its entire length of travel by either a coarse or fine adjustment without having the fine adjustment outrun the coarse adjustment until a reference laser beam is centered on the target as indicated by a digital readout. The length of the micrometer can then be accurately and automatically read by a computer and compared with a standardized set of alignment measurements. Due to its construction, the micrometer eliminates any errors due to temperature changes when the system is operated within a standard operating temperature range.

Lauritzen, T.

1982-03-23

241

Automatic readout micrometer  

DOEpatents

A measuring system is disclosed for surveying and very accurately positioning objects with respect to a reference line. A principal use of this surveying system is for accurately aligning the electromagnets which direct a particle beam emitted from a particle accelerator. Prior art surveying systems require highly skilled surveyors. Prior art systems include, for example, optical surveying systems which are susceptible to operator reading errors, and celestial navigation-type surveying systems, with their inherent complexities. The present invention provides an automatic readout micrometer which can very accurately measure distances. The invention has a simplicity of operation which practically eliminates the possibilities of operator optical reading error, owning to the elimination of traditional optical alignments for making measurements. The invention has an extendable arm which carries a laser surveying target. The extendable arm can be continuously positioned over its entire length of travel by either a coarse or fine adjustment without having the fine adjustment outrun the coarse adjustment until a reference laser beam is centered on the target as indicated by a digital readout. The length of the micrometer can then be accurately and automatically read by a computer and compared with a standardized set of alignment measurements. Due to its construction, the micrometer eliminates any errors due to temperature changes when the system is operated within a standard operating temperature range.

Lauritzen, Ted (Lafayette, CA)

1982-01-01

242

Physical Activity Questionnaire Comprehension-Lessons from Cognitive Interviews  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine if respondents share researchers’ understandings of concepts and questions frequently used in the assessment of usual physical activity behavior. Methods As part of On the Move, a study aimed at reducing measurement error in self-reported physical activity (PA), we conducted cognitive interviews with 19 men and 21 women, ages 45-65, regarding their responses to the PA questionnaires used in two large, population-based studies, LACE (Life After Cancer Epidemiology) and CMH (California Men’s Health Study). One questionnaire asks about the frequency, duration, and perceived intensity of a range of specific activities in several different domains over the past 12 months. The second questionnaire asks about frequency and duration of specific, mostly recreational activities, grouped by intensity (i.e., moderate or vigorous) over the past 3 months. We used verbal probing techniques to allow respondents to describe their thought processes as they completed the questionnaires. All interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed, and the transcripts were then analyzed using standard qualitative methods. Results Cognitive interviews demonstrated that a sizable number of respondents understood “intensity” in terms of emotional or psychological intensity, rather than physical effort. As a result, the perceived intensity with which a participant reported doing a specific activity often bore little relationship to the MET value of that activity. Additionally, participants often counted the same activity more than once, overestimated work-related PA, and understood activities that were grouped together in a single category to be definitive lists rather than examples. Conclusion Cognitive interviews revealed significant gaps between respondents’ interpretations of some physical activity questions and researchers’ assumptions about what those questions were intended to measure. Some sources of measurement error in self-reported PA may be minimized by additional research that focuses on the cognitive processes required to respond to PA questionnaires.

Altschuler, Andrea; Picchi, Teresa; Nelson, Melissa; Rogers, John D.; Hart, Jan; Sternfeld, Barbara

2009-01-01

243

Using Example-Based Machine Translation Method For Automatic Image Annotation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper proposes that the image annotation task can be thought of as similar to the machine translation problem and apply the example-based machine translation method to this problem. The method is based on the idea of performing automatic annotation by imitating annotation examples of images with similar visual scene. It can make full use of both correlation of annotation

Linsen Yu; Yongmei Liu; Tianwen Zhang

2006-01-01

244

The antecedents and belief-polarized effects of thought confidence.  

PubMed

This article investigates 2 possible antecedents of thought confidence and explores the effects of confidence induced before or during ad exposure. The results of the experiments indicate that both consumers' dispositional optimism and spokesperson attractiveness have significant effects on consumers' confidence in thoughts that are generated after viewing the advertisement. Higher levels of thought confidence will influence the quality of the thoughts that people generate, lead to either positively or negatively polarized message processing, and therefore induce better or worse advertising effectiveness, depending on the valence of thoughts. The authors posit the belief-polarization hypothesis to explain these findings. PMID:21902013

Chou, Hsuan-Yi; Lien, Nai-Hwa; Liang, Kuan-Yu

245

Validation of a Simplified Anorexia Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

ContextAnorexia is a common symptom in cancer and is usually assessed by multiple questions and multidimensional questionnaires. A simplified questionnaire would be less burdensome to patients and abbreviate the process.

Mellar P. Davis; Tugba Yavuzsen; Jordanka Kirkova; Declan Walsh; Matthew Karafa; Susan LeGrand; Ruth Lagman

2009-01-01

246

PAQ database: Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire In: Matton L, Wijndaele K, Duvigneaud N, Duquet W, Philippaerts R, Thomis M, Lefevre J. Reliability and validity of the Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire in adults. Res Q Exerc Sport

247

Singular and Combined Effects of Thought Suppression and Anxiety Induction on Frequency of Threatening Thoughts: An Experimental Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The suppression of unwanted thoughts has been hypothesized to play an important role in the maintenance of clinical disorders such as OCD and PTSD. The present study sought to examine the singular and combined effects of thought suppression instructions and anxiety induction (as induced by an anticipated impromptu speech) on the frequency of threat-relevant thoughts. Socially anxious participants were randomized

Jesse R. Cougle; Jasper A. J. Smits; Han-Joo Lee; Mark B. Powers; Michael J. Telch

2005-01-01

248

[Ictal automatisms during partial complex seizures in 36 children].  

PubMed

Partial complex seizures are relatively frequent type of epileptic seizures. These attacks are having aura in 60% of cases, that can be vegetative, motor, sensor or psychological one. Important is aura in the form of uncinatus seizures (unpleasant odor), because we must exclude tumor of temporal region in these patients. Altered consciousness comes after aura, patient has opened eyes, face can be pale or red, and automatism appear, in the form of different movements. These automatisms are often considered insignificant by parents or eyewitnesses. There is often misdiagnosis of this type of seizures, because only about 20% of standard EEG recordings find specific epileptic grapho-elements. Therapy of these seizures is difficult, with the success in only 50% of cases. Ictal automatisms were tested in the group of 36 children with partial complex seizures aged 4 to 17 years. Duration of epilepsy was 1 to 5 years. All patients had proved diagnosis of partial complex seizures, clinically and on electroencephalography, CT scan and MRI in medically intractable seizures. Eleven patients were videotaped during the attack. All patients had questionnaire filled by parents, about automatisms. Thirty-four patients (94.4%) had ictal automatisms, and 2 with epileptic focus in frontal region did not. Some patients had different types of automatisms. Most frequent ones were mimicking (15.19%), sitting-standing up (10.76%), swinging (8.23%), swallowing (7.59%) etc. It can be concluded that automatisms are almost obligatory part of partial complex seizure, and their registration is essential for correct diagnosis and treatment of these seizures. PMID:11219909

Gavranovi?, M; Zubcevi?, S; Buljina, A

2000-01-01

249

PAQ database: Single Question Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

250

PAQ database: Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

251

PAQ database: Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

252

PAQ database: Techumseh Occupational Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

253

[The thought-brain relationship. New facts. New hypotheses].  

PubMed

The close links between Thought and the brain having been amply demonstrated by the neurosciences, it is now time to draw conclusions. After having shown that the specific characteristic of thought is the self, the author underlines the impossibility of explaining the self by objective study and the consequent need to preserve for the thought its specificity in relation to Matter-Energy. After having excluded, by this statement, attitudes tending to deny explicitly or implicitly the specificity of Thought and having rejected spiritualist hypotheses as not conforming to scientific data, only two possible interpretations remain: that of the identity of Thought and Matter-Energy treats Thought as the other face of Energy, that of creation makes it necessary to admit a transformation from Energy to Thought (E = KP). The problems of thermodynamics and of the quantification of Thought thus raised are considered. Whatever the solution, it is necessary to admit that a "Universal Thought" exists. The universe is conscious of itself. The effort of cerebralisation in the evolution of species seems a mean of giving autonomy to individual thought which is necessarily included in Universal Thought. PMID:3996289

Laplane, D

254

Unnoticed intrusions: dissociations of meta-consciousness in thought suppression.  

PubMed

The current research investigates the interaction between thought suppression and individuals' explicit awareness of their thoughts. Participants in three experiments attempted to suppress thoughts of a prior romantic relationship and their success at doing so was measured using a combination of self-catching and experience-sampling. In addition to thoughts that individuals spontaneously noticed, individuals were frequently caught engaging in thoughts of their previous partner at experience-sampling probes. Furthermore, probe-caught thoughts were: (i) associated with stronger decoupling of attention from the environment, (ii) more likely to occur under cognitive load, (iii) more frequent for individuals with a desire to reconcile, and (iv) associated with individual differences in the tendency to suppress thoughts. Together, these data suggest that individuals can lack meta-awareness that they have begun to think about a topic they are attempting to suppress, providing novel insight into the cognitive processes that are involved in attempting to control undesired mental states. PMID:23911902

Baird, Benjamin; Smallwood, Jonathan; Fishman, Daniel J F; Mrazek, Michael D; Schooler, Jonathan W

2013-08-02

255

A mediational model of trait negative affectivity, dispositional thought suppression, and intrusive thoughts following laboratory stressors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examined the relationships among trait negative affectivity, dispositional thought suppression, and intrusions in non-clinical samples. In Study 1 (N=87), participants were presented with a series of emotionally evocative images and intrusions were examined 48h after presentation via self-report. In Study 2 (N=118), intrusions were examined using a behavioral Key-press and self-report at two time points (5 and 20min)

Thomas R. Lynch; Kristin G. Schneider; M. Zachary Rosenthal; Jennifer S. Cheavens

2007-01-01

256

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Frary, Robert

257

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers

1992-01-01

258

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire For Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers; David Winemiller; Nancy Heilman; Mary Werle; Tria Murphy; Lydia Cardone

1992-01-01

259

Response Rate Effects of Three Questionnaire Formats.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper compares the response rates of university graduates on the following three formats of a questionnaire: (1) a two-page questionnaire that is to be returned with an accompanying self-addressed stamped envelope; (2) a format using smaller type and condensed format to present the questionnaire items on a single page that is to be returned…

Enger, John M.; And Others

260

Automatic clutch control system  

SciTech Connect

An automatic clutch control system is described for a vehicle of the type having an engine for driving a drive shaft. The engine has a throttle, and the vehicle further has a clutch for coupling the drive shaft to a driven shaft. The system comprises: first speed detecting means for detecting a rotational speed of the drive shaft; second speed detecting means for detecting the rotational speed of the driven shaft; throttle detecting means for detecting the throttle opening of the engine; clutch engagement control means for controlling the degree of engagement of the clutch in accordance with a clutch engagement control signal; and electronic control means coupled to the first and second speed detecting means. The throttle detecting means and clutch control means are for specifying, with a predetermined time period, a particular group of controlling signal data, which is assigned to a time segment corresponding to the period for clutch engagement control.

Mitsui, T.; Kobayashi, H.; Hirosawa, K.

1986-11-04

261

Automatic clutch control system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an automatic clutch control system for a vehicle of the type having an engine for driving a drive shaft. The engine has a throttle, and the vehicle further comprises a clutch for coupling the drive shaft to a driven shaft. The system comprising: first speed detecting means for detecting a rotational speed of the drive shaft; second speed detecting means for detecting the rotational speed of the driven shaft; throttle detecting means for detecting the throttle opening of the engine; clutch engagement control means for controlliing the degree of engagement of the clutch in accordance with a clutch engagement control signal; and electronic control means coupled to the first and second speed detecting means, the throttle detecting means and the clutch control means, and including rate change detection means for determining the rate of change of the rotational speed of the drive shaft.

Kobayashi, H.; Mitsui, T.

1986-10-07

262

Automatic beamline calibration procedures  

SciTech Connect

Recent experience with the SLC and SPEAR accelerators have led to a well-defined set of procedures for calibration of the beamline model using the orbit fitting program, RESOLVE. Difference orbit analysis is used to calibrate quadrupole strengths, BPM sensitivities, corrector strengths, focusing effects from insertion devices, and to determine the source of dispersion and coupling errors. Absolute orbit analysis is used to locate quadrupole misalignments, BPM offsets, or beam loss. For light source applications, the photon beam source coordinates can be found. The result is an accurate model of the accelerator which can be used for machine control. In this paper, automatable beamline calibration procedures are outlined and illustrated with recent examples. 5 refs.

Corbett, W.J. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lab.); Lee, M.J. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States)); Zambre, Y. (SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (United States))

1992-03-01

263

Automatic translation method  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

The present invention relates to an automatic translation method. When a sentence in a source language is translated into a sentence in a target language, the method comprises: a step (1) of extracting the set of sentence portions of the target language from a textual database that correspond to a total or partial translation of the source sentence to be translated; a step (2) of determining all the assemblies of these target sentence portions that overlap the source sentence; a step (3) of choosing the best assemblies according to a criterion of maximum overlap between the target sentence portions assembled in the preceding step and according to a criterion of minimizing the number of assembled elements; a step (4) of determining the target sentence by choosing the best assembly according to coherence criteria. The invention is notably applicable to the translation of texts in a rare language. More generally, it applies to translation with no previously established bilingual texts.

2013-07-16

264

Automatic thesaurus extraction for Icelandic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thesauri are becoming a common resource used in various Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval related tasks. Methods for automatic extraction of thesauri have just recently begun performing well enough for practical use. A method to automatically extract a thesaurus for Icelandic from a tagged and parsed corpus was implemented and evaluated. The method is based on extracting relational trigrams

Frank Arthur; Blöndahl Cassata

265

Automatic image stitching using SIFT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns the problem of automatic image stitching which mainly applies to the image sequence even those including noise images. And it uses a method based on invariant features to realize fully automatic image stitching, in which it includes two main parts: image matching and image blending. As the noises images have large differences between the other images, when

Yanfang Li; Yaming Wang; Wenqing Huang; Zuoli Zhang

2008-01-01

266

Automatic Structuring of Written Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

?? Abstract. This paper deals with automatic structuring and sentence boundary labelling in natural language texts. We describe the imple- mented structure tagging algorithm and heuristic rules that are used for automatic or semiautomatic labelling. Inside the detected sentence the algorithm performs a decomposition to clauses and then marks the parts of text which do not form a sentence, i.e.

Marek Veber; Ales Horák; Rostislav Julinek; Pavel Smrz

1999-01-01

267

Altering Automatic Verbal Processes with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation  

PubMed Central

Background: Word retrieval during verbal fluency tasks invokes both automatic and controlled cognitive processes. A distinction has been made between the generation of words clusters and switches between such clusters on verbal fluency tasks. Clusters, defined by the reporting of contiguous words that constitute semantic or phonemic subcategories, are thought to reflect relatively automatic processing. In contrast, switching from one subcategory to another is thought to require a more controlled, effortful form of cognitive processing. Objective: In this single-blind, sham-controlled experiment, we investigated whether anodal and cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can differentially modify controlled or automatic processes that support lexical retrieval, as assessed by clustering and switching on verbal fluency tasks, in 24 healthy right-handed adults. Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to receive 1?mA of either anodal (excitatory) or cathodal (inhibitory) active tDCS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in addition to sham stimulation over the same region in counterbalanced order. Participants engaged in various cognitive activities during the first 23?min of stimulation. Then, during the final segment of each 30-min session, they completed letter- and category-cued word fluency tasks. Results: Participants reported more words on category-cued word fluency tasks during anodal than sham stimulation (25.9 vs. 23.0 words; p?=?0.055). They also showed a net increase in the number of clustered words during anodal stimulation compared to a net decrease during cathodal stimulation (1.3 vs. ?1.5 words; p?=?0.038). Conclusion: tDCS can selectively alter automatic aspects of speeded lexical retrieval in a polarity-dependent fashion during a category-guided fluency task.

Vannorsdall, Tracy D.; Schretlen, David J.; Andrejczuk, Megan; Ledoux, Kerry; Bosley, Laura V.; Weaver, Jacqueline R.; Skolasky, Richard L.; Gordon, Barry

2012-01-01

268

Altering automatic verbal processes with transcranial direct current stimulation.  

PubMed

Background: Word retrieval during verbal fluency tasks invokes both automatic and controlled cognitive processes. A distinction has been made between the generation of words clusters and switches between such clusters on verbal fluency tasks. Clusters, defined by the reporting of contiguous words that constitute semantic or phonemic subcategories, are thought to reflect relatively automatic processing. In contrast, switching from one subcategory to another is thought to require a more controlled, effortful form of cognitive processing. Objective: In this single-blind, sham-controlled experiment, we investigated whether anodal and cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can differentially modify controlled or automatic processes that support lexical retrieval, as assessed by clustering and switching on verbal fluency tasks, in 24 healthy right-handed adults. Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to receive 1?mA of either anodal (excitatory) or cathodal (inhibitory) active tDCS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in addition to sham stimulation over the same region in counterbalanced order. Participants engaged in various cognitive activities during the first 23?min of stimulation. Then, during the final segment of each 30-min session, they completed letter- and category-cued word fluency tasks. Results: Participants reported more words on category-cued word fluency tasks during anodal than sham stimulation (25.9 vs. 23.0 words; p?=?0.055). They also showed a net increase in the number of clustered words during anodal stimulation compared to a net decrease during cathodal stimulation (1.3 vs. -1.5 words; p?=?0.038). Conclusion: tDCS can selectively alter automatic aspects of speeded lexical retrieval in a polarity-dependent fashion during a category-guided fluency task. PMID:22888321

Vannorsdall, Tracy D; Schretlen, David J; Andrejczuk, Megan; Ledoux, Kerry; Bosley, Laura V; Weaver, Jacqueline R; Skolasky, Richard L; Gordon, Barry

2012-08-06

269

Constructive Thought Strategies and Job Satisfaction: A Preliminary Examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to examine the potential of constructive thought strategies for enhancing employee job satisfaction, an existing\\u000a dispositional model of job satisfaction was expanded and tested. Structural equation modeling techniques indicated significant\\u000a relationships among constructive thought strategies, dysfunctional thought processes, subjective well-being, and job satisfaction.\\u000a In addition, two competing models were examined to test for the full or partial mediation

Jeffery D. Houghton; Darryl L. Jinkerson

2007-01-01

270

Strategies of thought control in obsessive-compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intrusive anxiety-provoking thoughts are a core feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Recent research suggests that individuals use five different techniques of thought control including: distraction, punishment, re-appraisal, social control, and worry. The purpose of the present study was to examine the strategies of thought control used by OCD patients compared to those used by non-anxious controls. In addition, the relationship

Nader Amir; Laurie Cashman; Edna B. Foa

1997-01-01

271

Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for Psychosis.  

PubMed

Objective:The Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for psychosis (CBQp) was developed to capture 5 cognitive distortions (jumping to conclusions, intentionalising, catastrophising, emotional reasoning, and dichotomous thinking), which are considered important for the pathogenesis of psychosis. Vignettes were adapted from the Cognitive Style Test (CST),(1) relating to "Anomalous Perceptions" and "Threatening Events" themes.Method:Scale structure, reliability, and validity were investigated in a psychosis group, and CBQp scores were compared with those of depressed and healthy control samples.Results:The CBQp showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The 5 biases were not independent, with a 2-related factor scale providing the best fit. This structure suggests that the CBQp assesses a general thinking bias rather than distinct cognitive errors, while Anomalous Perception and Threatening Events theme scores can be used separately. Total CBQp scores showed good convergent validity with the CST, but individual biases were not related to existing tasks purporting to assess similar reasoning biases. Psychotic and depressed populations scored higher than healthy controls, and symptomatic psychosis patients scored higher than their nonsymptomatic counterparts, with modest relationships between CBQp scores and symptom severity once emotional disorders were partialled out. Anomalous Perception theme and Intentionalising bias scores showed some specificity to psychosis.Conclusions:Overall, the CBQp has good psychometric properties, although it is likely that it measures a different construct to existing tasks, tentatively suggested to represent a bias of interpretation rather than reasoning, judgment or decision-making processes. It is a potentially useful tool in both research and clinical arenas. PMID:23413104

Peters, Emmanuelle R; Moritz, Steffen; Schwannauer, Matthias; Wiseman, Zoe; Greenwood, Kathryn E; Scott, Jan; Beck, Aaron T; Donaldson, Catherine; Hagen, Roger; Ross, Kerry; Veckenstedt, Ruth; Ison, Rebecca; Williams, Sally; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Garety, Philippa A

2013-02-27

272

Automatically resetting safety brake  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Antifrictional screws are used to permit the resetting of safety brakes of the type used in hoists. As in prior brakes, centrifugally operated dogs connect braking members, but in the present brakes the dogs also engage actuating members of the antifrictional screws, the screws being rotatable independently of their respective braking members. The dogs can be disengaged from the actuating members by merely operating the usual controls to raise cages of the hoists. The antifrictional screws in one embodiment are then free to be turned automatically independent of the rate of rotation of a braking member by force of usual spring washers disposed between the screws and respective braking members until the brakes are normally released. In modified types, dogs or pawls for controlling the amount of braking continue to engage respective actuating members for controlling rate of rotation of the screws until the cages have been raised sufficiently to release the brakes. For testing purposes, the dogs have easily operated rods associated with them for pushing outwardly the dogs at speeds below the usual speeds required for operation. In heavy-duty hoists, second dogs positioned to clear the actuating members are included to provide a moderate amount of braking in an ascending direction.

1981-03-31

273

Automatic drilling control system  

SciTech Connect

An automatic drilling control system is described for a drilling apparatus having a rig with a crown block and a traveling block. A draw works include an engine, a drum powered by the engine, clutches, and controls, a drilling line wound on the drum and rolled up or fed out during drilling by the engine. The drilling line extends through the crown block and the traveling block and connects to a fixed point. The line portion from the crown block to the fixed point is the dead line. The crown block and traveling block form a pulley system for supporting a drill pipe to raise or lower the same during drilling. A hydraulic pressure sensor connects to the dead line to measure the tension. A weight indicator gauge adjacent to the controls connects to the pressure sensor by a hydraulic line. A brake, having a brake handle, controls the rate of feed out of the drilling line to determine the tension on the dead line.

Ball, J.W.

1987-05-05

274

Automatic brain tumor segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A system that automatically segments and labels complete glioblastoma-multiform tumor volumes in magnetic resonance images of the human brain is presented. The magnetic resonance images consist of three feature images (T1- weighted, proton density, T2-weighted) and are processed by a system which integrates knowledge-based techniques with multispectral analysis and is independent of a particular magnetic resonance scanning protocol. Initial segmentation is performed by an unsupervised clustering algorithm. The segmented image, along with cluster centers for each class are provided to a rule-based expert system which extracts the intra-cranial region. Multispectral histogram analysis separates suspected tumor from the rest of the intra-cranial region, with region analysis used in performing the final tumor labeling. This system has been trained on eleven volume data sets and tested on twenty-two unseen volume data sets acquired from a single magnetic resonance imaging system. The knowledge-based tumor segmentation was compared with radiologist-verified `ground truth' tumor volumes and results generated by a supervised fuzzy clustering algorithm. The results of this system generally correspond well to ground truth, both on a per slice basis and more importantly in tracking total tumor volume during treatment over time.

Clark, Matthew C.; Hall, Lawrence O.; Goldgof, Dmitry B.; Velthuizen, Robert P.; Murtaugh, F. R.; Silbiger, Martin L.

1998-06-01

275

Automatic imitation in dogs  

PubMed Central

After preliminary training to open a sliding door using their head and their paw, dogs were given a discrimination task in which they were rewarded with food for opening the door using the same method (head or paw) as demonstrated by their owner (compatible group), or for opening the door using the alternative method (incompatible group). The incompatible group, which had to counterimitate to receive food reward, required more trials to reach a fixed criterion of discrimination performance (85% correct) than the compatible group. This suggests that, like humans, dogs are subject to ‘automatic imitation’; they cannot inhibit online the tendency to imitate head use and/or paw use. In a subsequent transfer test, where all dogs were required to imitate their owners' head and paw use for food reward, the incompatible group made a greater proportion of incorrect, counterimitative responses than the compatible group. These results are consistent with the associative sequence learning model, which suggests that the development of imitation depends on sensorimotor experience and phylogenetically general mechanisms of associative learning. More specifically, they suggest that the imitative behaviour of dogs is shaped more by their developmental interactions with humans than by their evolutionary history of domestication.

Range, Friederike; Huber, Ludwig; Heyes, Cecilia

2011-01-01

276

Automatic imitation in dogs.  

PubMed

After preliminary training to open a sliding door using their head and their paw, dogs were given a discrimination task in which they were rewarded with food for opening the door using the same method (head or paw) as demonstrated by their owner (compatible group), or for opening the door using the alternative method (incompatible group). The incompatible group, which had to counterimitate to receive food reward, required more trials to reach a fixed criterion of discrimination performance (85% correct) than the compatible group. This suggests that, like humans, dogs are subject to 'automatic imitation'; they cannot inhibit online the tendency to imitate head use and/or paw use. In a subsequent transfer test, where all dogs were required to imitate their owners' head and paw use for food reward, the incompatible group made a greater proportion of incorrect, counterimitative responses than the compatible group. These results are consistent with the associative sequence learning model, which suggests that the development of imitation depends on sensorimotor experience and phylogenetically general mechanisms of associative learning. More specifically, they suggest that the imitative behaviour of dogs is shaped more by their developmental interactions with humans than by their evolutionary history of domestication. PMID:20667875

Range, Friederike; Huber, Ludwig; Heyes, Cecilia

2010-07-28

277

Giant Intergalactic Gas Stream Longer Than Thought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A giant stream of gas flowing from neighbor galaxies around our own Milky Way is much longer and older than previously thought, astronomers have discovered. The new revelations provide a fresh insight on what started the gaseous intergalactic streamer. The astronomers used the National Science Foundation's Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) to fill important gaps in the picture of gas streaming outward from the Magellanic Clouds. The first evidence of such a flow, named the Magellanic Stream, was discovered more than 30 years ago, and subsequent observations added tantalizing suggestions that there was more. However, the earlier picture showed gaps that left unanswered whether this other gas was part of the same system. "We now have answered that question. The stream is continuous," said David Nidever, of the University of Virginia. "We now have a much more complete map of the Magellanic Stream," he added. The astronomers presented their findings to the American Astronomical Society's meeting in Washington, DC. The Magellanic Clouds are the Milky Way's two nearest neighbor galaxies, about 150,000 to 200,000 light-years distant from the Milky Way. Visible in the Southern Hemisphere, they are much smaller than our Galaxy and may have been distorted by its gravity. Nidever and his colleagues observed the Magellanic Stream for more than 100 hours with the GBT. They then combined their GBT data with that from earlier studies with other radio telescopes, including the Arecibo telescope in Puerto Rico, the Parkes telescope in Australia, and the Westerbork telescope in the Netherlands. The result shows that the stream is more than 40 percent longer than previously known with certainty. One consequence of the added length of the gas stream is that it must be older, the astronomers say. They now estimate the age of the stream at 2.5 billion years. The revised size and age of the Magellanic Stream also provides a new potential explanation for how the flow got started. "The new age of the stream puts its beginning at about the time when the two Magellanic Clouds may have passed close to each other, triggering massive bursts of star formation," Nidever explained. "The strong stellar winds and supernova explosions from that burst of star formation could have blown out the gas and started it flowing toward the Milky Way," he said. "This fits nicely with some of our earlier work that showed evidence for just such blowouts in the Magellanic Clouds," said Steven Majewski, of the University of Virginia. Earlier explanations for the stream's cause required the Magellanic Clouds to pass much closer to the Milky Way, but recent orbital simulations have cast doubt on such mechanisms. Nidever and Majewski worked with Butler Burton of the Leiden Observatory and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, and Lou Nigra of the University of Wisconsin. In addition to presenting the results to the American Astronomical Society, the scientists have submitted a paper to the Astrophysical Journal.

2010-01-01

278

The valence of sex:Automatic affective associations in erotophilia and erotophobia  

PubMed Central

Sexual stimuli may elicit positive and negative emotions that can impact sexual thoughts, responses, and behavior. To date, most research on affect and sexuality has focused on conscious processes and affective states. Less is known about how automatic and trait-level affective processes influence our reactions to sexual stimuli. This study used a priming task with backward masking and a trait measure of erotophobia-erotophilia – the tendency to respond to sex on a negative-to-positive continuum – to improve our understanding of the role of automatic and affective processes in response to sexual stimuli. Erotophilic individuals demonstrated automatic associations between sexual primes and positively-valenced targets, whereas erotophobic individuals classified negatively-valenced targets faster regardless of whether primes were sexual or neutral. The findings suggest that the valence of sexual stimuli can be processed automatically and is associated with trait-level affective responses to sex. Implications for research on risky sexual behavior and sexual dysfunction are discussed.

Macapagal, Kathryn R.; Janssen, Erick

2011-01-01

279

Automatic imitation is automatic, but less so for narcissists.  

PubMed

Imitation is a fundamentally important human capability and has been the topic of considerable research in the behavioural sciences. One paradigm for investigating the basic nature of imitation is the "automatic imitation" paradigm. In this paradigm, participants are symbolically cued to make a particular response, whilst being incidentally exposed to a congruent or incongruent motor action performed by another person. The robust finding is that when the incidental action is incongruent with the cued action, participants are slower to respond than when it is congruent. Despite the name given to this paradigm, the extent to which the imitative tendency involved is actually automatic remains unclear. Here, we manipulated the probability of congruent and incongruent trials within blocks to assess the effects of expectation on the imitative process. In addition, we determined whether an individual difference variable related to how people process others' behaviour-narcissism-affected the automaticity of imitation. Our results confirm that imitation as observed in this paradigm is robust in the face of expectation. However, the degree to which expectation modulates automatic imitation was enhanced for individuals who scored higher on a narcissism inventory. Together, these results suggest that imitation in the automatic imitation paradigm is indeed largely automatic, but that individual differences in narcissism can change the extent to which imitative behaviour manifests. PMID:23187883

Hogeveen, Jeremy; Obhi, Sukhvinder S

2012-11-28

280

An Evaluation of Automatic Query Expansion in an Online Library Catalogue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes evaluation of an automatic query expansion (AQE) facility in the Okapi System, an online library catalog at City University in London (England). Results of transaction log analysis, search replays, questionnaires, and interviews are presented; and findings are discussed which indicate that AQE was beneficial in many searches. (12…

Hancock-Beaulieu, Micheline; Walker, Stephen

1992-01-01

281

Research on Automatic Program Generation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Automatic Program Generation Research has been conducted under the contract. The objective of the research has been to provide software generation directly from user specifications. This technical report contains a collection of three papers intended to s...

J. A. Ramirez N. A. Rin M. Brown N. S. Prywes

1974-01-01

282

An Automatic Vehicle Classification System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manuscript documents the development of an automatic surface transportation identification system to break down vehicle noise sources, by class, into categories of truck, bus, car, and motorcycle. Such a classification would enable the Army, U.S. Env...

V. I. Pawlowska

1981-01-01

283

Progress of DORIS Automatic Scaling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A major component of the Digital Oblique Remote Ionospheric Sensing program (DORIS) is the development of an automatic oblique ionogram scaling algorithm. The nature of the variations that have been observed in oblique ionograms collected to data has requ...

B. W. Reinisch K. Chandra W. S. Kuklinski

1989-01-01

284

Automatic Recognition of Cooperative Speakers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Various statistical features were extracted in real time from speech samples from speakers and then processed for automatic identification and verification. On the basis of the most reliable feature, the long term averaged spectrum, two prototypes were se...

R. Frehse R. Geppert R. Gierloff M. H. Kuhn H. Ney

1980-01-01

285

Automatic Recognition of Solar Features.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Initial algorithms were developed to recognize two very different types of features in solar images: H alpha filaments and large scale magnetic field patterns. These algorithms provide an effective way to evaluate possibilities for future routine, automat...

P. L. Bornmann

1992-01-01

286

Instrumentation for automatic coke cutting  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a system developed by Conoco and currently in use at a refinery for automatically decoking delayed coker drums. The paper describes experiences with the system and discusses future plans for automated hydraulic decoking systems.

Alworth, C.W.

1985-01-01

287

Automatic Light Gas Gun Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Work was continued toward the development of an automatic hypervelocity weapon based on the principles and techniques of the laboratory light gas gun. With the basic feasibility of the firing scheme established by the preceding work phase, effort was aime...

1964-01-01

288

Prospective Automatic Flight Control Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains a describion of nonlinear self adjusting and variable structure automatic control systems for piloted and pilotless flight vehicles. Control problems considered include load stabilization, limitation of critical regimes, and control of...

A. D. Aleksandrov

1972-01-01

289

European Standards for Automatic Sprinklers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

European Automatic Sprinkler Standards were developed by the Comite Europeen des Assurances, and international association of insurance organizations of Western Europe, based on a detailed analysis of reliable fire statistics on sprinkler-protected proper...

P. Kirchhoff

1975-01-01

290

A brief questionnaire on metacognition: Psychometric properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Existing questionnaires on personal views of one's own cognitive functioning are either unduly long, restrict their focus on memory, and\\/or capture complaints rather than the general status quo. A brief 9-item questionnaire was developed, assessing metacognition with two subscales covering metamemory and metaconcentration.Methods: The questionnaire was tested in a sample of healthy women (n?=?228) aged 70–93 years, during two

Verena Klusmann; Andrea Evers; Ralf Schwarzer; Isabella Heuser

2011-01-01

291

Automatic Punctuation Generation For Speech  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic generation of punctuation is an essential feature for many speech-to-text transcription tasks. This paper describes a maximum a-posteriori (MAP) approach for inserting punctuation marks into raw word sequences obtained from automatic speech recognition (ASR). The system consists of an ¿acoustic model¿ (AM) for prosodic features (actually pause duration) and a ¿language model¿ (LM) for text-only features. The LM combines

Wenzhu Shen; Peng Yu; Frank Seide

2009-01-01

292

Automatic safety rod for reactors  

DOEpatents

An automatic safety rod for a nuclear reactor containing neutron absorbing material and designed to be inserted into a reactor core after a loss-of-core flow. Actuation is based upon either a sudden decrease in core pressure drop or the pressure drop decreases below a predetermined minimum value. The automatic control rod includes a pressure regulating device whereby a controlled decrease in operating pressure due to reduced coolant flow does not cause the rod to drop into the core.

Germer, John H. (San Jose, CA)

1988-01-01

293

Automaticity and the anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental psychopathologists have increasingly relied upon the concepts and methods of cognitive psychology in their attempts to elucidate information-processing biases associated with anxiety disorders. Many of these biases presumably constitute instances of automatic, not strategic, processing. But research has shown that attributes of automaticity (i.e. capacity-free, unconsious, involuntary) do not all apply to selective processing of threat associated with anxiety.

Richard J. McNally

1995-01-01

294

Operating safety of automatic objects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Operating-safety assurance for automatic objects (aircraft, spacecraft, and underwater vehicles) is considered in the framework of safety-automata theory and automatic-control considerations. The interaction between the operator and the safety-assurance facilities is considered. Methodological recommendations are presented on the specification of reliability requirements for the vehicles considered, as well as on automata synthesis and analysis considerations, test planning, and the analysis of test results.

Maiorov, Anatolii Vladimirovich; Moskatov, Genrikh Karlovich; Shibanov, Georgii Petrovich

295

Networking automatic test equipment environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic test equipment (ATE) is a term that, in its broadest meaning, indicates a generic system capable of performing measurements in an automatic or semiautomated (human-assisted) way. Years ago, this term was used specifically to refer to an automated measurement system employed to test the functionality of some electronic device-under-test (DUT). Typical applications were in the manufacturing area, where ATE

L. Benetazzo; M. Bertocco; C. Narduzzi

2005-01-01

296

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Remember the warnings. Statistics. N. ... Remember the warnings. Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

297

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Time spent reading ... Time spent reading food label (seconds). Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

298

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – Time spent reading food label (seconds). Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

299

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Recognize any adverse (bad) reactions. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

300

A Factor Analytic View of Adolescent Thought in Piagetian Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research is described concerning a factor analytic view of adolescent thought in Piagetian context. Included are a description of Piagetian tasks used for determining stage of mental development, studies concerning Piagetian task factor analysis, and the current factorial structure of adolescent thought. (DS)

Vaidya, N.

301

A Consideration of the Nature of Thought in Childhood Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The play behavior of young children is viewed as a behavioral manifestation of nonverbal thinking. Discussed are issues of relevance to the understanding of the development of thought in general and of the symbolic function in particular. A line of development is proposed which leads from early nonverbal thought as manifested in play, either…

Galenson, Eleanor; And Others

302

Critical Thought within the Social Welfare Policy Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical thought is a necessary element for proficient practice in social work at both the micro and macro levels. For this reason, social work educators must seek to integrate critical thought in BSW and MSW curricula. This article provides a method for achieving this integration in the social welfare policy course. The method includes the four…

Steen, Julie A.

2012-01-01

303

The Meaning of Charity in Locke's Political Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent `religious turn' within Locke scholarship has stressed the need to understand his theological commitments when approaching his political thought. One area of interpretation that has been completely transformed by this heightened sensitivity to the religious roots of Locke's thought is his account of property ownership which, it is claimed, contains a `right to charity' — a subsistence entitlement

Robert Lamb; Benjamin Thompson

2009-01-01

304

Thought-action fusion in obsessive compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent psychometric results suggested that the phenomenon of thought-action fusion (TAF) is implicated in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The construct of TAF has two components: (a) the belief that thinking about an unacceptable or disturbing event makes it more likely to happen and (b) the belief that having an unacceptable thought is the moral equivalent of carrying out the unacceptable

Roz Shafran; Dana S. Thordarson; S. Rachman

1996-01-01

305

Learning from Audiovisual Media: assessing students’ thoughts by stimulated recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stimulated recall is a method of evoking an individual's thoughts about a previous episode in his\\/her life. Used in research into audiovisual media it can provide a way of tapping students’ thoughts and reactions to educational material with the minimum of researcher bias. The paper describes a case study in the use of stimulated recall to evaluate a science education

D. McConnell

1985-01-01

306

A Consideration of the Nature of Thought in Childhood Play.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The play behavior of young children is viewed as a behavioral manifestation of nonverbal thinking. Discussed are issues of relevance to the understanding of the development of thought in general and of the symbolic function in particular. A line of development is proposed which leads from early nonverbal thought as manifested in play, either…

Galenson, Eleanor; And Others

307

COMMUNITY AND TECHNICAL COLLEGE TEACHING FOR THOUGHTFUL RESULTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an instructional framework for teaching advanced cognitive skills in the postsecondary environment. Specific teaching strategies that community and technical college educators can use to encourage thoughtfulness among their students are also suggested. By thoughtfulness, we mean learners who are critical and creative thinkers and problem solvers. The approach described is equally useful in undergraduate or graduate classes,

John W. Schell; Jay W. Rojewski

1995-01-01

308

Assessing Disordered Thoughts in Preschoolers with Dysregulated Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is rising interest in identifying precursors to bipolar disorder symptoms, including thought disorder. Thought disorder is identified in adults through self-report and in school-aged children through parent report and child story-telling. This study is an exploration to determine if preschoolers with mood dysregulation have evidence of…

Hutchison, Amanda K.; Beresford, Carol; Robinson, JoAnn; Ross, Randal G.

2010-01-01

309

Linking thought suppression and recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two types of recovered memories: those that gradually return in recovered memory therapy and those that are spontaneously recovered outside the context of therapy. In the current study, we employed a thought suppression paradigm, with autobiographical experiences as target thoughts, to test whether individuals reporting spontaneously recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are more adept at suppressing

Elke Geraerts; Richard J. McNally; Marko Jelicic; Harald Merckelbach; Linsey Raymaekers

2008-01-01

310

STREAMS OF THOUGHT: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF WILLIAM JAMES  

Microsoft Academic Search

By establishing William James' The Principles of Psychology as a significant work in the history of psychology, Streams of Thought: The Psychology of William James secures the criticisms of the traditional approaches to the theory of mind and paths a productive course for the study of the human being and his or her relation to the world. Streams of Thought

Alexis Dianda

2007-01-01

311

Speculative Fictions for Understanding Global Change Environments: Two Thought Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of a thought experiment, as the term was used by quantum and relativity physicists in the early part of the twentieth century, was not prediction (as is the goal of classical experimental science), but more defensible representations of present ‘realities’. Speculative fictions, from Mary Shelley's Frankenstein to the Star Wars cinema saga, can be read as sociotechnical thought

Noel Gough

2003-01-01

312

Catching Transitive Thought through Q Methodology: implications for counselling education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transitive thoughts are the feeling tones, rhythms and idiosyncrasies that are communicated in speech. They are important sources of information for counsellors and their clients. Q methodology is presented and discussed as applicable to counselling education in its ability to give meaning to transitive thought. Relevance to counsellor education is based on the assumption that it is important to assist

Eleanor Allgood

1999-01-01

313

Catching Transitive Thought through Q Methodology: Implications for Counselling Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Q methodology and describes its application to counseling education because of its ability to give meaning to transitive thought. Suggests Q methodology as a useful systematic approach for counselors to learn about themselves and to include the feeling part of thought in their practice. (Author/SLD)|

Allgood, Eleanor

1999-01-01

314

Epistemological Resources for Thought Experimentation in Science Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that scientific thought experiments (TEs) draw upon three epistemological resources: conceptual-logical inferences, visual imagery, and bodily-motor experience. Argues that TEs are powerful because of students' thought capabilities related to imagination and visual imagery. Claims that TEs are not currently exploited by school learning…

Reiner, Miriam; Gilbert, John

2000-01-01

315

Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text, defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments, Compton…

Huggins, Elisha

2010-01-01

316

Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text, defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments, Compton…

Huggins, Elisha

2010-01-01

317

Spontaneous Repetitive Thoughts Can Be Adaptive: Postscript on "Mind Wandering"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When researchers use the term "mind wandering" for task-unrelated thoughts in signal detection tasks, we may fall into the trap of believing that spontaneous thoughts are task unrelated in a deeper sense. Similar negative connotations are attached to common terms like "cognitive failures", "resting state", "rumination", "distraction",…

Baars, Bernard J.

2010-01-01

318

Critical Thought within the Social Welfare Policy Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical thought is a necessary element for proficient practice in social work at both the micro and macro levels. For this reason, social work educators must seek to integrate critical thought in BSW and MSW curricula. This article provides a method for achieving this integration in the social welfare policy course. The method includes the four…

Steen, Julie A.

2012-01-01

319

Critical Thought within the Social Welfare Policy Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical thought is a necessary element for proficient practice in social work at both the micro and macro levels. For this reason, social work educators must seek to integrate critical thought in BSW and MSW curricula. This article provides a method for achieving this integration in the social welfare policy course. The method includes the four following phases: instruction regarding

Julie A. Steen

2012-01-01

320

Process Sub-politics: Placing Empirical Flesh on Whiteheadian Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is more explorative than programmatic. It attempts to place empirical flesh on some of Alfred North Whitehead's speculative thoughts on concrete apprehensions. The challenge lies in the fact that Whitehead was vague on the subject. While Whitehead offers numerous thoughts on why we mistake the abstract for the concrete he wrote considerably less on how we can get

Michael S. Carolan

2009-01-01

321

Noncognitive Variables in College AdmissionsThe Case of the Non-Cognitive Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Non-Cognitive Questionnaire (NCQ) is a 23-item measure assessing eight noncognitive variables that are thought to predict the performance and retention of students in college. The NCQ is widely used in research and practice. This study is a meta-analytic review of the validity of scores on the NCQ across 47 independent samples for predicting academic outcomes (N = 9,321). Across

Lisa L. Thomas; Nathan R. Kuncel; Marcus Credé

2007-01-01

322

Top-down modulation of unconscious 'automatic' processes: A gating framework  

PubMed Central

In classical theories of automaticity, automatic processes are usually thought to occur autonomously and independently of higher level top-down factors (e.g., Posner & Snyder, 1975). However, already Neumann (1984) pointed out that the cognitive system has to be configured in a certain way for automatic processes to occur. In extension of his work, I propose a gating framework to account for the influence of top-down factors such as attention, intention and task set on automatic processes such as masked response or semantic priming. It is assumed that task representations held in prefrontal cortex regulate the gain of neurons in visual and sematic association cortex thereby modulating the effects of unconsciously perceived masked stimuli on further ‘automatic’ information processing steps. In support of the postulated gating framework, recent studies demonstrated a top-down modulation of automatic processes. Behavioral and electrophysiological studies with the masked response priming and semantic priming paradigms show that masked priming effects crucially depend (i) on temporal attention to the masked prime, (ii) on intentions or action plans and (iii) on the task set active immediately before masked prime presentation. For instance, masked semantic priming was only observed when the preceding task set required the orientation to semantic word features, but not when it required orientation to perceptual word features. These results support the view that unconscious automatic processes are modulated by top-down factors. They are suggestive of a gating mechanism which orchestrates the conscious and unconscious information processing streams.

Kiefer, Markus

2008-01-01

323

Top-down modulation of unconscious 'automatic' processes: A gating framework.  

PubMed

In classical theories of automaticity, automatic processes are usually thought to occur autonomously and independently of higher level top-down factors (e.g., Posner & Snyder, 1975). However, already Neumann (1984) pointed out that the cognitive system has to be configured in a certain way for automatic processes to occur. In extension of his work, I propose a gating framework to account for the influence of top-down factors such as attention, intention and task set on automatic processes such as masked response or semantic priming. It is assumed that task representations held in prefrontal cortex regulate the gain of neurons in visual and sematic association cortex thereby modulating the effects of unconsciously perceived masked stimuli on further 'automatic' information processing steps. In support of the postulated gating framework, recent studies demonstrated a top-down modulation of automatic processes. Behavioral and electrophysiological studies with the masked response priming and semantic priming paradigms show that masked priming effects crucially depend (i) on temporal attention to the masked prime, (ii) on intentions or action plans and (iii) on the task set active immediately before masked prime presentation. For instance, masked semantic priming was only observed when the preceding task set required the orientation to semantic word features, but not when it required orientation to perceptual word features. These results support the view that unconscious automatic processes are modulated by top-down factors. They are suggestive of a gating mechanism which orchestrates the conscious and unconscious information processing streams. PMID:20517515

Kiefer, Markus

2008-07-15

324

Thought suppression and treatment outcome in late-life depression.  

PubMed

This study examined severity of depression, age of onset, and thought suppression as predictors of treatment outcome. Measures were taken pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at six-month follow-up in 34 depressed older adults receiving the treatment protocol described in Lynch, Morse, Mendelson & Robins (Dialectical behavior therapy for depressed older adults, American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11, 33-45, 2003). Severity and chronicity of depression and higher levels of thought suppression were associated with higher depressive symptoms six months after treatment. Findings are consistent with research suggesting that severity and chronicity of depression predict poor clinical outcome. In addition, these results provide preliminary evidence that the tendency to cope with unwanted thoughts by deliberate attempts to not experience such thoughts may be an important pre-treatment predictor of outcome among depressed older adults. Larger studies are needed to explore whether thought suppression mediates long-term recovery from depression. PMID:15841830

Rosenthal, M Z; Cheavens, J S; Compton, J S; Thorp, S R; Lynch, T R

2005-01-01

325

The relationship of observed maternal behavior to questionnaire measures of parenting knowledge, attitudes, and emotional state in adolescent mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although relationships have been found between maternal psychological characteristics and cognitive and emotional outcomes in children, the behaviors which may mediate these relationships are seldom examined. This is especially true for adolescent mothers, whose children are thought to be at high risk for adverse outcomes. In this study, adolescent mothers in two special programs completed questionnaires measuring perception of the

Linda LeResche; Donna Strobino; Peggy Parks; Pamela Fischer; Vincent Smeriglio

1983-01-01

326

PAQ database: Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

327

PAQ database: Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6 Suppl):S1-205. The

328

PAQ database: Stanford Usual Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Stanford Usual Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

329

Validation of the extended Influence Behavior Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted four studies to evaluate the extended version of the Influence Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), which measures proactive tactics used to influence people in organizations. The results provide support for the reliability and validity of the 11 tactic scales in the newest version of the IBQ. The questionnaire has widespread potential applications for both research and practice, and it is

Gary Yukl; Charles F. Seifert; Carolyn Chavez

2008-01-01

330

PAQ database: Stockholm Public Health Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Stockholm Public Health Questionnaire In: Leijon O, Wiktorin C, Harenstam A, Karlqvist L; MOA Research Group. Validity of a self-administered questionnaire for assessing physical work loads in a general population. J Occup Environ Med 2002 Aug;44(8):724-35.

331

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

332

Correlates of Cadet Exposure to Research Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to discover what patterns of attitudes are associated with cadet perception of the frequency and usefulness of questionnaire surveys of cadet opinion. The responses of 150 cadets to the 1971 First Class Questionnaire were sca...

R. F. Priest

1975-01-01

333

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

334

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

335

Validation Studies of the Finnish Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and Finnish Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ)  

Cancer.gov

Validation Studies of the Finnish Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and Finnish Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) Arkela-Kautiainen et al. 2005 See reference #75 Methods Relation between the Finnish MDHAQ (Finn-MDHAQ) function

336

Assessing Disordered Thoughts in Preschoolers with Dysregulated Mood  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is rising interest in identifying precursors to bipolar disorder symptoms, including thought disorder. Thought disorder\\u000a is identified in adults through self-report and in school-aged children through parent report and child story-telling. This\\u000a study is an exploration to determine if preschoolers with mood dysregulation have evidence of disordered thoughts using a\\u000a story-stem completion method. Participants included two groups of 3.5–6 year-old

Amanda K. Hutchison; Carol Beresford; JoAnn Robinson; Randal G. Ross

2010-01-01

337

The CMIP5 Model Documentation Questionnaire: Development of a Metadata Retrieval System for the METAFOR Common Information Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The EU METAFOR Project (http://metaforclimate.eu) has created a web-based model documentation questionnaire to collect metadata from the modelling groups that are running simulations in support of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project - 5 (CMIP5). The CMIP5 model documentation questionnaire will retrieve information about the details of the models used, how the simulations were carried out, how the simulations conformed to the CMIP5 experiment requirements and details of the hardware used to perform the simulations. The metadata collected by the CMIP5 questionnaire will allow CMIP5 data to be compared in a scientifically meaningful way. This paper describes the life-cycle of the CMIP5 questionnaire development which starts with relatively unstructured input from domain specialists and ends with formal XML documents that comply with the METAFOR Common Information Model (CIM). Each development step is associated with a specific tool. (1) Mind maps are used to capture information requirements from domain experts and build a controlled vocabulary, (2) a python parser processes the XML files generated by the mind maps, (3) Django (python) is used to generate the dynamic structure and content of the web based questionnaire from processed xml and the METAFOR CIM, (4) Python parsers ensure that information entered into the CMIP5 questionnaire is output as CIM compliant xml, (5) CIM compliant output allows automatic information capture tools to harvest questionnaire content into databases such as the Earth System Grid (ESG) metadata catalogue. This paper will focus on how Django (python) and XML input files are used to generate the structure and content of the CMIP5 questionnaire. It will also address how the choice of development tools listed above provided a framework that enabled working scientists (who we would never ordinarily get to interact with UML and XML) to be part the iterative development process and ensure that the CMIP5 model documentation questionnaire reflects what scientists want to know about the models. Keywords: metadata, CMIP5, automatic information capture, tool development

Pascoe, Charlotte; Lawrence, Bryan; Moine, Marie-Pierre; Ford, Rupert; Devine, Gerry

2010-05-01

338

Automatic rapid attachable warhead section  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for (1) automatically selecting warheads or reentry vehicles from a storage area containing a plurality of types of warheads or reentry vehicles, (2) automatically selecting weapon carriers from a storage area containing at least one type of weapon carrier, (3) manipulating and aligning the selected warheads or reentry vehicles and weapon carriers, and (4) automatically coupling the warheads or reentry vehicles with the weapon carriers such that coupling of improperly selected warheads or reentry vehicles with weapon carriers is inhibited. Such inhibition enhances safety of operations and is achieved by a number of means including computer control of the process of selection and coupling and use of connectorless interfaces capable of assuring that improperly selected items will be rejected or rendered inoperable prior to coupling. Also disclosed are a method and apparatus wherein the stated principles pertaining to selection, coupling and inhibition are extended to apply to any item-to-be-carried and any carrying assembly.

Trennel, Anthony J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-05-10

339

Migraines Tied to Raised Risk of Depression, Suicidal Thoughts  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Migraines Tied to Raised Risk of Depression, Suicidal Thoughts Canadian study found younger adults were ... Dallas Friday, October 25, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Depression Migraine Suicide FRIDAY, Oct. 25 (HealthDay News) -- People ...

340

FDA Public Health Advisory: Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers should be aware of any signs of worsening depression, any suicidal thoughts or actions and any ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/postmarketdrugsafetyinformationforpatientsandproviders

341

Paving the Way To Algebraic Thought Using Residue Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a brief definition and examples of residue designs while sharing some of the algebraic thought that a student used to form generalizations about the patterns discovered during the investigations of residue designs. (ASK)

Johnson, Iris DeLoach

1998-01-01

342

particular message. Also, the other issues I thought, there's a ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. 201 1 particular message. 2 Also, the other issues I thought, 3 there's a lot of peripheral processing 4 obviously in a lot of markets. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

343

Identification of Knowledge and Skills and Investigation of Thought Processing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At the request of the U. S. Army Infantry School (USAIS), Work Unit CAMBCOM conducted research that identified the knowledge, skills, and investigated the thought processing of battalion commanders in six types of maneuver battalion. USAIS will use this w...

A. J. DeLuca T. R. Powers

1971-01-01

344

Automatic mass spectrometer inlet system  

SciTech Connect

There is provided a mass spectrometer having a gas inlet system for introducing a sample into the ion source of the spectrometer which inlet system includes a cold trap for condensing a sample. The inlet system is provided with means for detecting the pressure therein and means for automatically controlling the operation of the cold trap in dependence on the detected pressure whereby the sample is automatically condensed in the cold trap when it is present in a small quantity. Around the cold trap is conveniently a coolant passage through which coolant from a coolant reservoir is drawn.

Barrie, A.; Freedman, P.A.

1985-01-22

345

A dual process model for cultural differences in thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nisbett et al. (Psychol Rev 108:291–310, 2001) claim that East Asians are likely to use holistic thought to solve problems, whereas Westerners use analytic thought more,\\u000a and discuss the differences in the frame of the individualism\\/collectivism distinction. The holistic versus analytic distinction\\u000a has been the greatest point of interest of dual process theories, which imply that human thinking has two sub

Hiroshi Yama; Miwa Nishioka; Tomoko Horishita; Yayoi Kawasaki; Junichi Taniguchi

2007-01-01

346

Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text,1 defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider2,3 experiments, Compton scattering experiments, and the Eötvös experiments.

Huggins, Elisha

2010-05-01

347

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People with liver disease should not take this product unless directed by a ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

348

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – This product may make ulcers worse. ... This product may make ulcers worse. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

349

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People who consume more than 3 alcohol-containing drinks per day should ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

350

Questionnaire Issued by the Co-Chairmen.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This questionnaire has been designed to obtain information about national plans for the reprocessing of spent fuel, plutonium management and recycling in order to provide a statistical background and assist in the work of Working Group 4. The majority of ...

1978-01-01

351

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – A person who is allergic to aspirin should not use this product. Statistics. N. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

352

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product does not reduce fever. ... This product does not reduce fever. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

353

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – When you first read the label, would you say your attention was focused ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

354

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People with stomach ulcers can use this product. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

355

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Means a lot to me. Statistics. N. ... Means a lot to me, 303, 0. Means a lot to me. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

356

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... 303, 0. Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

357

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Know when to stop taking the drug. ... Know when to stop taking the drug. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

358

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – You should not take this product within 24 hours of consuming alcohol. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

359

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

360

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

361

Compilation of Air Toxics Emission Inventory Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To assist States and local agencies, The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed programs to address the status of the air toxics problem in their localities. The document provides example questionnaires used by several State and local agencie...

1988-01-01

362

Evaluating Multilingual Questionnaires: A Sociolinguistic Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study aims to develop an assessment tool to evaluate multilingual questionnaires by categorizing the types of translation issues that can lead to measurement errors in crosscultural surveys. Based on the results of two multilingual projects that cogn...

M. Fond Y. Pan

2011-01-01

363

The Construction and Usage of Simple Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This memorandum provides a brief guide to the construction and usage of simple questionnaires to collect opinions on various topics. Although it is devoted primarily to user trials of aircrew equipment, many of the principles discussed are common to other...

M. F. Allnutt C. B. Bolton

1975-01-01

364

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product can be given to children over age 16. ... False, 16, 5.3, 5.3, 92.0. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

365

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How important would it be for someone to read all the information on the ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

366

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

367

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

368

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People taking medications for high blood pressure should ask a doctor ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

369

Automatically classifying emails into activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Email-based activity management systems promise to give users better tools for managing increasing volumes of email, by organizing email according to a user's activities. Current activity management systems do not automatically classify incoming messages by the activity to which they belong, in- stead relying on simple heuristics (such as message threads), or asking the user to manually classify incoming messages

Mark Dredze; Tessa A. Lau; Nicholas Kushmerick

2006-01-01

370

Advanced automatic train protection system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a new automatic train protection system. Such messages as the distance to the preceding train or the speed restriction on switches are transmitted to each train instead of the limit speed set for the train. This is done through the rails using digital codes. An on-board processor generates a braking pattern using these messages and the braking performance. And

I. Watanabe; T. Takashige

1994-01-01

371

Thesaurus based automatic keyphrase indexing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new method that enhances automatic keyphrase extraction by using semantic information on terms and phrases gleaned from a domain-specific thesaurus. We evaluate the results against keyphrase sets assigned by a state-of-the-art keyphrase extraction system and those assigned by six professional indexers.

Olena Medelyan; Ian H. Witten

2006-01-01

372

Automatic feature selection in neuroevolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feature selection is the process of finding the set of inputs to a machine learning algorithm that will yield the best performance. Developing a way to solve this problem automatically would make current machine learning methods much more useful. Previous efforts to automate feature selection rely on expensive meta-learning or are applicable only when labeled training data is available. This

Shimon Whiteson; Peter Stone; Kenneth O. Stanley; Risto Miikkulainen; Nate Kohl

2005-01-01

373

The Automaticity of Social Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of social life is experienced through mental processes that are not intended and about which one is fairly oblivious. These processes are automatically triggered by features of the immediate social environment, such as the group memberships of other people, the qualities of their behavior, and features of social situations (e.g., norms, one's relative power). Recent research has shown these

John A. Bargh; Erin L. Williams

2006-01-01

374

Automatic Error Analysis Using Intervals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A technique for automatic error analysis using interval mathematics is introduced. A comparison to standard error propagation methods shows that in cases involving complicated formulas, the interval approach gives comparable error estimates with much less effort. Several examples are considered, and numerical errors are computed using the INTLAB…

Rothwell, E. J.; Cloud, M. J.

2012-01-01

375

Automatic Estimation Techniques are Useful?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Best practices for software effort estimation can include the use of automatic techniques to summarize past data. There exists a large and growing number of techniques. Which are useful? In this study, 158 techniques were applied to some COCOMO data. 154 158 = 97% of the variants explored below add little or nothing to a standard linear model (with simple

Tim Menzies; Omid Jalali; Jairus Hihn; Dan Baker; Karen Lum

376

Automatic recognition of film genres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Film genres in digital video can be detected automatically. In a three-step approach we analyze first the syntactic properties of digital films: color statistics, cut detection, camera motion, object motion and audio. In a second step we use these statistics to derive at a more abstract level film style attributes such as camera panning and zooming, speech and music. These

Stephan Fischer; Rainer Lienhart; Wolfgang Effelsberg

1995-01-01

377

Automatic validation of pipeline specifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent approaches on language-driven Design Space Exploration (DSE) use Architectural Description Languages (ADL) to capture the processor architecture, generate automatically a software toolkit (including compiler, simulator, and assembler) for that processor, and provide feedback to the designer on the quality of the architecture. It is important to verify the ADL description of the processor to ensure the correctness of the

Prabhat Mishra; Nikil Dutt; Alex Nicolau

2001-01-01

378

Isolating Intrusions by Automatic Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

When dealing with malware infections, one of the first tasksis to findtheprocesses thatwere involvedintheattack. We introduce Malfor, a system that isolates those processes automatically. In contrast to other methods that help ana- lyze attacks, Malfor works by experiments: first, we record the interaction of the system under attack; after the intru- sion has been detected, we replay the recorded events

Stephan Neuhaus; Andreas Zeller

2006-01-01

379

An automatic adiabatic bomb calorimeter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper details the conversion of an existing isothermal bomb calorimeter to an adiabatic calorimeter with automatic control. Thermistors in the inner and outer vessels are included in two arms of an a.c. Wheatstone bridge: any rise in temperature of the inner vessel above that of the outer vessel results in phase reversal of the output voltage from the bridge,

W F Raymond; R J Canaway; C E Harris

1957-01-01

380

Automatic 'Descente Infinie' Induction Reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework and a methodology to build and analyse automatic provers using the 'Descente Infinie' induction princi- ple. A stronger connection between different proof techniques like those based on implicit induction and saturation is established by uniformly and explicitly representing them as applications of this principle. The framework offers a clear separation between logic and computation, by the

Sorin Stratulat

2005-01-01

381

Eating as an Automatic Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continued growth of the obesity epidemic at a time when obesity is highly stigmatizing should make us ques- tion the assumption that, given the right information and motivation, people can successfully reduce their food intake over the long term. An alternative view is that eat- ing is an automatic behavior over which the environment has more control than do

Deborah A. Cohen; Thomas A. Farley

382

Automatic assembly planning with fasteners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The automatic assembly planning with fasteners (AAPF) prototype system is described. Given a model of a product to be manufactured, the AAPF system produces a high-level assembly sequence for producing that product. The model is defined in terms of constructive solid-geometry primitives and nut, bolt, and screw fastener primitives. The system works backwards by disassembling the finished product model. Under

Joseph M. Miller; Richard L. Hoffman

1989-01-01

383

Multi Sensor Information Integration and Automatic Understanding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This program addresses Automatic Image Understanding and Automatic Integration of Disparate Sources of Information. The techniques are particularly focused on asymmetric warfare, urban warfare, guerrilla warfare, and port/base security, for which automati...

2006-01-01

384

Automatisms: bridging clinical neurology with criminal law.  

PubMed

The law, like neurology, grapples with the relationship between disease states and behavior. Sometimes, the two disciplines share the same terminology, such as automatism. In law, the "automatism defense" is a claim that action was involuntary or performed while unconscious. Someone charged with a serious crime can acknowledge committing the act and yet may go free if, relying on the expert testimony of clinicians, the court determines that the act of crime was committed in a state of automatism. In this review, we explore the relationship between the use of automatism in the legal and clinical literature. We close by addressing several issues raised by the automatism defense: semantic ambiguity surrounding the term automatism, the presence or absence of consciousness during automatisms, and the methodological obstacles that have hindered the study of cognition during automatisms. PMID:21145287

Rolnick, Joshua; Parvizi, Josef

2010-12-08

385

Manual and Automatic Lineament Mapping: Comparing Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A method for automatic lineament extraction using topographic data is applied on the Thaumasia plateau. A comparison is made between the results that are obtained from the automatic mapping approach and from a traditional tectonic lineament mapping.

Vaz, D. A.; di Achille, G.; Barata, M. T.; Alves, E. I.

2008-03-01

386

How automatic are crossmodal correspondences?  

PubMed

The last couple of years have seen a rapid growth of interest (especially amongst cognitive psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, and developmental researchers) in the study of crossmodal correspondences - the tendency for our brains (not to mention the brains of other species) to preferentially associate certain features or dimensions of stimuli across the senses. By now, robust empirical evidence supports the existence of numerous crossmodal correspondences, affecting people's performance across a wide range of psychological tasks - in everything from the redundant target effect paradigm through to studies of the Implicit Association Test, and from speeded discrimination/classification tasks through to unspeeded spatial localisation and temporal order judgment tasks. However, one question that has yet to receive a satisfactory answer is whether crossmodal correspondences automatically affect people's performance (in all, or at least in a subset of tasks), as opposed to reflecting more of a strategic, or top-down, phenomenon. Here, we review the latest research on the topic of crossmodal correspondences to have addressed this issue. We argue that answering the question will require researchers to be more precise in terms of defining what exactly automaticity entails. Furthermore, one's answer to the automaticity question may also hinge on the answer to a second question: Namely, whether crossmodal correspondences are all 'of a kind', or whether instead there may be several different kinds of crossmodal mapping (e.g., statistical, structural, and semantic). Different answers to the automaticity question may then be revealed depending on the type of correspondence under consideration. We make a number of suggestions for future research that might help to determine just how automatic crossmodal correspondences really are. PMID:23370382

Spence, Charles; Deroy, Ophelia

2013-01-29

387

From Automatic Structures to Borel Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the classes of B¨ uchi and Rabin automatic struc- tures. For B¨ uchi (Rabin) automatic structures their domains consist of infinite strings (trees), and the basic relations, in- cluding the equality relation, and graphs of operations are recognized by Buchi (Rabin) automata. A B¨ uchi (Rabin) automatic structure is injective if different infinite strings (trees) represent different elements

Greg Hjorth; Bakhadyr Khoussainov; Antonio Montalbán; André Nies

2008-01-01

388

Dispatching the wandering mind? Toward a laboratory method for cuing "spontaneous" off-task thought  

PubMed Central

Cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists study most phenomena of attention by measuring subjects' overt responses to discrete environmental stimuli that can be manipulated to test competing theories. The mind wandering experience, however, cannot be locally instigated by cleverly engineered stimuli. Investigators must therefore rely on correlational and observational methods to understand subjects' flow of thought, which is only occasionally and indirectly monitored. In an effort toward changing this state of affairs, we present four experiments that develop a method for inducing mind wandering episodes—on demand—in response to task-embedded cues. In an initial laboratory session, subjects described their personal goals and concerns across several life domains (amid some filler questionnaires). In a second session, 48 h later, subjects completed a go/no-go task in which they responded to the perceptual features of words; unbeknownst to subjects, some stimulus words were presented in triplets to represent the personal concerns they had described in session 1. Thought probes appearing shortly after these personal-goal triplets indicated that, compared to control triplets, priming subjects' concerns increased mind wandering rate by about 3–4%. We argue that this small effect is, nonetheless, a promising development toward the pursuit of an experimentally informed, theory-driven science of mind wandering.

McVay, Jennifer C.; Kane, Michael J.

2013-01-01

389

The association between insomnia and suicidal thoughts in adults treated for alcohol dependence in Poland  

PubMed Central

Background Suicidal ideation is elevated for individuals with alcohol use disorders. Sleep problems are associated with suicide risk and alcohol use, and sleep problems may be associated with suicide risk in those with alcohol use disorders. For the present study, we hypothesized that self-reported sleep problems are associated with suicidal thoughts in a sample of adults seeking treatment for alcohol dependence in Poland. Methods The sample included 304 patients in addiction treatment programs in Warsaw, Poland who met criteria for alcohol dependence. Measures included demographic characteristics, frequency of alcohol use, psychiatric symptoms, suicidal ideation and two measures of insomnia, which differed by time frame: the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS, past 1 month) and the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire (SDQ-7, past 6 months). Multivariable logistic regression models tested the association between insomnia and suicidal thoughts. Results In models that controlled for age, gender, and days of recent drinking, both measures of sleep problems were associated with suicidal ideation: AOR= 2.01 (95% CI: 1.50-2.70) [AIS] and 1.73 (95% CI: 1.29-2.31) [SDQ-7]. The association of sleep problems, as measured by the AIS, with suicide remained significant after adjusting for psychiatric symptoms, although the estimated effect size was smaller (AOR= 1.47; 95% CI: 1.05-2.06). Conclusions Among Polish adults with alcohol dependence, insomnia severity was associated with suicidal ideation. This finding highlights the need to assess for sleep problems, in addition to suicidal thoughts, in alcohol treatment settings and to further examine the potential consequences of poor sleep in this population.

Klimkiewicz, Anna; Bohnert, Amy S.B.; Jakubczyk, Andrzej; Ilgen, Mark A.; Wojnar, Marcin; Brower, Kirk

2011-01-01

390

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed\\u000a at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative\\u000a treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings.\\u000a The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was

Ewa Misterska; Maciej G?owacki; Jerzy Harasymczuk

2009-01-01

391

Electronic pain questionnaires: A randomized, crossover comparison with paper questionnaires for chronic pain assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic questionnaires for pain assessment are becoming increasingly popular. There have been no published reports to establish the equivalence or psychometric properties of common pain questionnaires administered via desktop computers. This study compared responses to paper (P) and touch screen electronic (E) versions of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and Pain Disability Index (PDI), while examining the role of

Andrew J Cook; David A Roberts; Michael D Henderson; Lisa C Van Winkle; Dania C Chastain; Robin J Hamill-Ruth

2004-01-01

392

Reactions to dating violence among Latino teenagers: an experiment utilizing the Articulated Thoughts in Simulated Situations paradigm.  

PubMed

Dating violence is a serious problem among adolescents and young adults. Understanding teens' reactions to dating violence offers the potential to understand the factors that lead to perpetration of violent behavior and to elucidate prevention strategies. Knowledge concerning youth attitudes about dating violence is limited, and has largely come from self-report questionnaires to date. We utilized the Articulated Thoughts in Simulated Situations (ATSS) paradigm to assessing Latino teens' reactions to dating violence. Forty-one 9th grade students were presented with four simulated dating violence scenarios, and articulated their thoughts in response to them. Teens' reactions to dating violence differed on a variety of dimensions as a function of their gender, the gender of the perpetrator, and familiarity with the perpetrator. PMID:17222900

Rayburn, Nadine Recker; Jaycox, Lisa H; McCaffrey, Daniel F; Ulloa, Emilio C; Zander-Cotugno, Megan; Marshall, Grant N; Shelley, Gene A

2007-01-12

393

`I have a dream', thoughts about future ATE instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Requirements for an intelligent instrument in an automatic test equipment (ATE) used for functional test of printed-board assemblies are described. Problems of compatibility with different versions of old and new instruments are discussed. The future demands for intelligent instruments are analyzed, and some recommendations are presented. Suggestions on how to implement a command-file structure in instruments for handling more advanced

M. Warne

1988-01-01

394

Mindwandering heightens the accessibility of negative relative to positive thought.  

PubMed

Mindwandering (MW) is associated with both positive and negative outcomes. Among the latter, negative mood and negative cognitions have been reported. However, the underlying mechanisms linking mindwandering to negative mood and cognition are still unclear. We hypothesized that MW could either directly enhance negative thinking or indirectly heighten the accessibility of negative thoughts. In an undergraduate sample (n=79) we measured emotional thoughts during the Sustained Attention on Response Task (SART) which induces MW, and accessibility of negative cognitions by means of the Scrambled Sentences Task (SST) after the task. We also measured depressive symptoms and rumination. Results show that in individuals with elevated levels of depressive symptoms MW during SART predicts higher accessibility of negative thoughts after the task, rather than negative thinking during the task. These findings contribute to our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of MW and provide insight into the relationship between task-involvement and affect. PMID:22726693

Marchetti, Igor; Koster, Ernst H W; De Raedt, Rudi

2012-06-20

395

Formal Thought Disorder and language impairment in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric illness in which disorders of thought content are a prominent feature. The disruption of normal flow of thought, or "Formal Thought Disorder" (FTD), has been traditionally assessed through the content and form of patients' speech, and speech abnormalities in schizophrenia were considered as a by-product of the disruption in conceptual structures and associative processes related to psychosis. This view has been changed due to increasing evidence that language per se is impaired in schizophrenia, especially its semantic, discursive, and pragmatic aspects. Schizophrenia is currently considered by some authors as a "language related human specific disease" or "logopathy", and the neuroanatomical and genetic correlates of the language impairment in these patients are under investigation. Such efforts may lead to a better understanding about the pathophysiology of this devastating mental disease. We present some current concepts related to FTD as opposed to primary neurolinguistic abnormalities in schizophrenia. PMID:23249974

Radanovic, Marcia; Sousa, Rafael T de; Valiengo, L; Gattaz, Wagner Farid; Forlenza, Orestes Vicente

2012-12-18

396

Missing Data in a Long Food Frequency Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Missing data are a common problem in nutritional epidemiology. Little is known of the characteristics of these missing data, which makes it difficult to conduct appropriate imputation. Methods We telephoned, at random, 20% of subjects (n = 2091) from the Adventist Health Study–2 cohort who had any of 80 key variables missing from a dietary questionnaire. We were able to obtain responses for 92% of the missing variables. Results We found a consistent excess of “zero” intakes in the filled-in data that were initially missing. However, for frequently consumed foods, most missing data were not zero, and these were usually not distinguishable from a random sample of nonzero data. Older, black, and less-well-educated subjects had more missing data. Missing data are more likely to be true zeroes in older subjects and those with more missing data. Zero imputation for missing data may create little bias except for more frequently consumed foods, in which case, zero imputation will be suboptimal if there is more than 5%–10% missing. Conclusions Although some missing data represent true zeroes, much of it does not, and data are usually not missing at random. Automatic imputation of zeroes for missing data will usually be incorrect, although there is a little bias unless the foods are frequently consumed. Certain identifiable subgroups have greater amounts of missing data, and require greater care in making imputations.

Fraser, Gary E.; Yan, Ru; Butler, Terry L.; Jaceldo-Siegl, Karen; Beeson, W. Lawrence; Chan, Jacqueline

2009-01-01

397

Intense Suicidal Thoughts and Self-Harm Following Escitalopram Treatment  

PubMed Central

In a minority of depressed patients, treatment with an antidepressant drug appears to initiate intense suicidal thoughts and actions. We describe this phenomenon in a 52-year-old woman treated with escitalopram. She did not experience this when treated with six other antidepressants, which were not Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. Clinicians need to warn patients and their relatives of the risk that intense suicidal thoughts may develop after an antidepressant drug is started and encourage them to seek help immediately should this occur.

Khan, Farooq; Bernadt, Morris

2011-01-01

398

Automatic design of magazine covers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a system for automatic design of magazine covers that quantifies a number of concepts from art and aesthetics. Our solution to automatic design of this type of media has been shaped by input from professional designers, magazine art directors and editorial boards, and journalists. Consequently, a number of principles in design and rules in designing magazine covers are delineated. Several techniques are derived and employed in order to quantify and implement these principles and rules in the format of a software framework. At this stage, our framework divides the task of design into three main modules: layout of magazine cover elements, choice of color for masthead and cover lines, and typography of cover lines. Feedback from professional designers on our designs suggests that our results are congruent with their intuition.

Jahanian, Ali; Liu, Jerry; Tretter, Daniel R.; Lin, Qian; Damera-Venkata, Niranjan; O'Brien-Strain, Eamonn; Lee, Seungyon; Fan, Jian; Allebach, Jan P.

2012-02-01

399

AUTO: Automatic script generation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This technical manual describes an automatic script generation system (Auto) for guiding the physical design of a printed circuit board. Auto accepts a printed circuit board design as specified in a netlist and partslist and returns a script to automatically provide all the necessary commands and file specifications required by Harris EDA's Finesse CAD system for placing and routing the printed circuit board. Auto insulates the designer from learning the details of commercial CAD systems, allows designers to modify the script for customized design entry, and performs format and completeness checking of the design files. This technical manual contains a complete tutorial/design example describing how to use the Auto system and also contains appendices describing the format of files required by the Finesse CAD system.

Granacki, John; Hom, Ivan; Kazi, Tauseef

1993-11-01

400

Automatic Control of Flotation Columns  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Since their first commercial application for mineral separation in the early 1980s, flotation columns have become a standard\\u000a piece of equipment in mineral concentrators particularly for cleaning operations. This chapter presents and discusses the\\u000a most recent advances in instrumentation and automatic control of flotation columns. It also examines how current industrial\\u000a practice could benefit from recent academic developments in these

René del Villar; André Desbiens; Miguel Maldonado; Jocelyn Bouchard

401

Automatic Meaning Discovery Using Google  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a new theory of relative semantics between objects, based on information distance and Kolmogorov,complexity. This theory is then applied to construct a method,to automatically extract the meaning,of words and phrases from the world-wide-web using Google page counts. The approach is novel in its unrestricted problem domain, simplicity of implementation, and manifestly ontological underpinnings. The world-wide-web is the

Rudi Cilibrasi; Paul M. B. Vitányi

2006-01-01

402

Automatic home nursing activity recommendation.  

PubMed

The rapid deployment of Web-based, consumer-centric electronic medical records (CEMRs) is an important trend in healthcare. In this paper, we incorporate nursing knowledge into CEMR so that it can automatically recommend home nursing activities (HNAs). Those more complex HNAs are made clickable for users to find detailed implementation procedures. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our techniques using USMLE medical exam cases. PMID:20351888

Luo, Gang; Tang, Chunqiang

2009-11-14

403

Automatic Hidden Web Database Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a method for automatic classification of Hidden-Web databases is addressed. In our approach, the classification\\u000a tree for Hidden Web databases is constructed by tailoring the well accepted classification tree of DMOZ Directory. Then the\\u000a feature for each class is extracted from randomly selected Web documents in the corresponding category. For each Web database,\\u000a query terms are selected

Zhiguo Gong; Jingbai Zhang; Qian Liu

2007-01-01

404

Automatic photo pop-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a fully automatic method for creating a 3D model from a single photograph. The model is made up of several texture-mapped planar billboards and has the complexity of a typical children's pop-up book illustration. Our main insight is that instead of attempting to recover precise geometry, we statistically model defined by their orientations in the scene. Our

Derek Hoiem; Alexei A. Efros; Martial Hebert

2005-01-01

405

Robust Automatic Multibeam Bathymetric Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new methodology for automatically processing high-resolution, high-rate bathymetric data, typically from multi-beam echo sounders. Based on a generic grid of estimation nodes, this method incorporates data from multiple surveys, multiple instruments or multiple passes of the same instrument, and models and maintains depth uncertainty estimates with the data. Consequently, we can extract, at any time, a current

B R Calder; L A Mayer

406

Semantic Activation and Verbal Working Memory Maintenance in Schizophrenic Thought Disorder: Insights from Electrophysiology and Lexical Amibiguity  

PubMed Central

We have examined language processing using ambiguous words (homographs like panel or toast) and rapid or slow presentation rates while recording event-related brain potentials (ERPs). Homographs allow for tracking the train of thought at points of lexical ambiguity and detecting modulation of associative threads by previous context. Rapid presentation rates stress automatic semantic activation, and slow rates stress controlled verbal working memory contextual modulation. In conjunction with reaction times and performance, ERPs allow for objective measurement of activity related to language processing from word presentation through overt behavioral response. Smaller N400 to related and unrelated items at short stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs), the presence of a semantic bias, and large N400 to related and unrelated items at long SOAs are present in schizophrenia. We describe a model of initial semantic memory hyper-priming and subsequent decay of information in verbal working memory stores, the activation-maintenance model of schizophrenic thought disorder hypothesized to underlie the thought disorder in schizophrenia.

2009-01-01

407

Automatic segmentation of clinical texts.  

PubMed

Clinical narratives, such as radiology and pathology reports, are commonly available in electronic form. However, they are also commonly entered and stored as free text. Knowledge of the structure of clinical narratives is necessary for enhancing the productivity of healthcare departments and facilitating research. This study attempts to automatically segment medical reports into semantic sections. Our goal is to develop a robust and scalable medical report segmentation system requiring minimum user input for efficient retrieval and extraction of information from free-text clinical narratives. Hand-crafted rules were used to automatically identify a high-confidence training set. This automatically created training dataset was later used to develop metrics and an algorithm that determines the semantic structure of the medical reports. A word-vector cosine similarity metric combined with several heuristics was used to classify each report sentence into one of several pre-defined semantic sections. This baseline algorithm achieved 79% accuracy. A Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier trained on additional formatting and contextual features was able to achieve 90% accuracy. Plans for future work include developing a configurable system that could accommodate various medical report formatting and content standards. PMID:19965054

Apostolova, Emilia; Channin, David S; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Furst, Jacob; Lytinen, Steven; Raicu, Daniela

2009-01-01

408

Automatic reactor protection system tester  

SciTech Connect

In a pressurized water reactor (PWR) plant, the role of protection systems is to continuously monitor reactor physical parameters. If abnormal operating conditions are detected, these systems trigger protective and safeguard actions. On typical 900-MW(electric) PWR units, the reactor protection system consists of more than 30 electrical cabinets per train, i.e., per subsystem part of the safety injection system, each cabinet containing several hundreds of relays. In normal operation, protection systems are on standby. Should one or more of their components fail, this failure could remain undetected. This is why safety authorities require periodic testing of these systems. To eliminate the risk of reactor trip during reactor protection system testing, Framatome has developed a completely automatic tester. Only one technician in the control room is necessary to use this tester, which automatically carries out all the operations previously done manually. For one train, the test lasts only 40 min instead of 10 h. Test sequences are programmed in solid-state memories. The existing relay circuitry of each unit is analyzed beforehand to make any adaptions required by the use of the automatic tester.

Jahnke, S.; Raimondo, E.

1988-01-01

409

Automatic model-based testing  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Automatic model-based testing is disclosed, including receiving a set of objects associated with a computer program application under test; automatically classifying the objects as state objects representing states of the application, or transition objects representing transitions in the application from one state to another state, or static information objects; linking the state objects with the transition objects to result in creating a model in memory of all states and transitions provided by the application; associating, in the model, one or more tests with one or more of the state objects; creating and storing, based on the states and transitions, a finite state machine that represents execution behavior of the application according to the model; and testing the application by (a) automatically navigating the finite state machine and (b) providing state and transition data from the finite state machine to a graphical user interface functional test application that executes the one or more tests upon reaching the states represented by the state objects.

2011-07-12

410

75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2010-06-01

411

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2010-04-01

412

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2009-04-01

413

Reliability of the Conflict Resolution Questionnaire: Considerations for Using and Developing Internet-Based Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current information age, there is a growing use of and reliance on the Internet. One area of concern for educators is the communication of information using an electronic questionnaire interface. Therefore, it seems pertinent to look at the issue of dissemination of Internet questionnaire information and the integrity of this process.…

Henning, Marcus

2004-01-01

414

Validation Studies of the The Modifiable Activity Questionnaire (MAQ)/Pima Indian Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Validation Studies of the The Modifiable Activity Questionnaire (MAQ)/Pima Indian Questionnaire Kriska et al. 1990 See reference #44 Methods Relationships between the MAQ and past wk Caltrac activity monitor (counts/h) at test and retest (Spearman correlations) Sample 17

415

Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and

Marie Reid; Jane Bunting; Richard Hammersley

2005-01-01

416

A Study of Factors that Influence Response Rate Using a Questionnaire on Questionnaires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To discover factors which contribute to a high response rate for questionnaire surveys, the preferences of 150 college teachers and teaching assistants were studied. Four different questionnaire formats using 34 common items were sent to the subjects: open-ended; Likert-type (five points, from "strong influence to return," to "strong influence…

Leitner, Dennis W.; And Others

417

Kindness in the Art Classroom: Kind Thoughts on Stephen Rowland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a response to Stephen Rowland's article, "Kindness," which appeared in "London Review of Education," November 2009. Much to my amazement, Stephen Rowland's article was the only one I found when I did a global database search on "kindness in education". I had thought that I would find reams of information in the databases on the…

Lampert, Nancy

2011-01-01

418

Thoughts on the Curriculum of the Pulse Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the "Populorum Progressio," Pope Paul VI's 1967 encyclical on the "development of peoples," for a condensation of the chief tenets of Catholic social thought and for curricular guidelines. The author takes the word "development" to mean the concrete realizations of justice and peace. Fundamental education for peace and justice…

Keeley, Richard

419

The Commonwealth at 60: Thoughts from the New Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers some thoughts about the Commonwealth in its 60th anniversary year by a young observer from the ‘new generation’. It argues that the Commonwealth must pay particular attention to creating a positive first impression on young people, so that it can be defined through the relevance of its current actions rather than through history books. It suggests that,

Zoë Ware

2009-01-01

420

Monetary thought of the sixteenth century muslim scholars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Muslim scholars of the sixteenth century continued the tradition of writing on economic issues. Their work, however is characterized by the period's overall feature of imitation and repetition and thus reflects hardly any advancement of monetary thought since the works of earlier Muslim scholars. This is clearly reflected in the two representative treatises on money: those of al-Suyuti (d. 1506)

Abdul Azim Islahi

2006-01-01

421

Utopian and dystopian thought in climate change science and policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change policies are increasingly seen as integral to sustainable development policies. This article examines how visions of future society have been employed in climate science and multilateral negotiations. Using elements of utopian and dystopian thought, we have categorized UNFCCC documents, IPCC assessments, and special reports and peer-reviewed climate policy articles. Our results indicate that utopian thinking surfaces with reference

Mattias Hjerpe; Björn-Ola Linnér

2009-01-01

422

Do we need to challenge thoughts in cognitive behavior therapy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) emphasizes the primacy of cognition in mediating psychological disorder. It aims to alleviate distress by modifying cognitive content and process, realigning thinking with reality. Recently, various authors have questioned the need for CBT therapists to use logico?rational strategies to directly challenge maladaptive thoughts. Hayes [Hayes, S.C. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy and the new behavior therapies.

Richard J. Longmore; Michael Worrell

2007-01-01

423

The concept of “science” in modern Chinese thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the formation of the concept of science in modern Chinese thought from four perspectives. The first aspect concentrates on the Japanese origin of the concept of science, analyzing this concept through the formation of the late Qing branches of learning, fenke zhixue, and the knowledge system of positivism. The second aspect takes gezhi (investigating things and extending

Wang Hui

2011-01-01

424

Eye Movement as an Indicator of Sensory Components in Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated Neuro-Linguistic Programming eye movement model's claim that specific eye movements are indicative of specific sensory components in thought. Agreement between students' (N=48) self-reports and trained observers' records support visual and auditory portions of model; do not support kinesthetic portion. Interrater agreement supports…

Buckner, Michael; And Others

1987-01-01

425

Moral Action as Social Capital, Moral Thought as Cultural Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the idea that moral thought/reasoning and moral actions are actually two separate phenomena that have little relationship to each other. The idea that moral thinking does or can control moral action creates a difficult dualism between our knowledge about morality and our everyday actions. These differences run parallel to the…

Kang, Min Ju; Glassman, Michael

2010-01-01

426

Death Ideas, Suicidal Thoughts, and Plans Among Nursing Home Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have shown that suicides are at least as frequent among Nursing Home (NH) residents as they are among older people in the general population. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of death- and\\/or suicidal feelings, thoughts, and plans and any attempted suicides in a random, unselected sample (N = 288) of individuals aged

Paolo Scocco; Giovanna Fantoni; Monica Rapattoni; Giovanni de Girolamo; Luigi Pavan

2009-01-01

427

Death ideas, suicidal thoughts, and plans among nursing home residents.  

PubMed

Recent studies have shown that suicides are at least as frequent among Nursing Home (NH) residents as they are among older people in the general population. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of death- and/or suicidal feelings, thoughts, and plans and any attempted suicides in a random, unselected sample (N=288) of individuals aged 65-years-and-over, living in NHs located in the Veneto Region (the Italian North-East). One hundred seventy-two participants were surveyed with a response rate of 59.7%. Five sample questions were asked to investigate the presence of death- and suicidal thoughts, plans and behaviors in different time periods. Among the NH residents, 30.8% admitted having had death or suicidal thoughts or plans during the month prior to the interview. The oldest-old residents (85+y) more frequently reported death-suicide ideation. This high frequency of death and/or suicidal feelings and thoughts among older NH residents should be carefully considered when planning and implementing health care programs in these facilities. PMID:19307321

Scocco, Paolo; Fantoni, Giovanna; Rapattoni, Monica; de Girolamo, Giovanni; Pavan, Luigi

2009-03-23

428

Whither the history of economic thought? Going nowhere rather slowly?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that economics is not a perfect selection mechanism that preserves each and every economic idea that is valid and useful and jettisons all ideas that are not. The teleological view of the subject cannot be sustained. Therefore the task of the history of economic thought cannot be limited to the study of the past from the present

Heinz D. Kurz; Johann-Wolfgang von Goethe

2006-01-01

429

Universalism in Catholic Social Thought: 'Accompaniment' as Trinitarian Praxis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cosmopolitanism is an ancient concept whose meaning and significance have shifted over the last two millennia. Most recently, cosmopolitanism has been resurrected to mean “world citizenship” – a renunciation of one’s national identity for the sake of the universal human family. While such an endeavor seems as though it should correspond to Catholic social thought, its iterations in academia and

Kathleen Glenister Roberts

2012-01-01

430

Love, desire, and the suppression of thoughts of romantic alternatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across human societies, people form long-term romantic bonds that can last a lifetime. Many theorists have proposed that the emotion love plays a causal role in maintaining these bonds, but no work to date has tested this hypothesis directly. In this study, we predicted that feeling love for a romantic partner would facilitate suppressing thoughts of attractive alternative mates. We

Gian C. Gonzaga; Martie G. Haselton; Julie Smurda; Mari sian Davies; Joshua C. Poore

2008-01-01

431

The Homo Mediaticus and the Paralysis of Critical Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the end of Nazism and fascism and with the fall of the Soviet block, our society has been partly founded on the myth of the freedom of the press and the freedom of thought. Fear of an Orwellian society causes us to reject and oppose any imposition that comes from high up. The human loves to feel free to

J Jo; Massimo Ragnedda

432

The Relationship Between Lateral Dominance and Divergent Cognitive Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was designed to explore the relationship of lateral dominance to divergent cognitive thought. According to the screening results of the Harris Tests of Lateral Dominance, 36 subjects ranging from 9-12 years were divided equally into three groups of left, right, and mixed lateral dominance. In order to measure divergent cognitive…

Williams, Barbara B.

433

Forgetting unwanted memories: Directed forgetting and thought suppression methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental psychopathologists have tested hypotheses regarding mechanisms that ought to be operative if victims possess skills for forgetting material related to trauma. In this article, we review research on directed forgetting and thought suppression paradigms, concentrating on laboratory studies involving attempts by individuals reporting trauma histories to forget emotionally negative material. Most studies have shown that trauma survivors, especially those

Elke Geraerts; Richard J. McNally

2008-01-01

434

Thought Control Training as a Treatment for Insomnia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students with difficulty falling asleep were treated with either progressive relaxation, systematic desensitization, or a thought control procedure. All three treatment groups showed significant lower latency to sleep onset times than a waiting-list control group at the end of the three-week treatment period. A three-week followup…

Ribordy, Sheila C.

435

Academic Achievement and Formal Thought in Engineering Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Research on university-level academic performance has significantly linked failure and dropping out to formal reasoning deficiency. We have not found any papers on formal thought in Argentine university students, in spite of the obvious shortcomings observed in the classrooms. Thus, the main objective of this paper was exploring the…

Vazquez, Stella Maris; de Anglat, Hilda Difabio

2009-01-01

436

Satan and savior: Mass communication in progressive thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay probes the contradictory philosophical reception of mass communication in the social thought of progressives such as Cooley, Dewey, Park, and Royce. Mass communication served as a focus for larger anxieties about social order, social evolution, the future of American democracy, and the integrity of the public sphere. The theoretical grapplings of these thinkers with the symbolic mediation of

John Durham Peters

1989-01-01

437

Playing Prosocial Video Games Increases the Accessibility of Prosocial Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research has provided abundant evidence that playing violent video games increases aggressive tendencies. In contrast, evidence on possible positive effects of video game exposure on prosocial tendencies has been relatively sparse. The present research tested and found support for the hypothesis that exposure to prosocial video games increases the accessibility of prosocial thoughts. These results provide support to the

Tobias Greitemeyer; Silvia Osswald

2011-01-01

438

Thoughts on Surviving as Native Scholars in the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author offers some thoughts on life as native scholars in academia, along with some possible strategies for survival and achievement. Recognizing how hard it is every day, how crazy this life is in the twenty-first century after everything the communities, families, and nations have gone through, the author considers it a…

Hernandez-Avila, Ines

2003-01-01

439

Embodiment, Social Praxis and Environmental Education: Some Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The body has been neglected and devalued in Western philosophy. This neglect and devaluation of the body is rooted in dualistic reasoning that has its origin in Greek philosophical thought, and reinforced by philosophers of science during the scientific revolution of 17th century Europe. Dualistic reasoning is in part the cause of current global…

Grange, Lesley Le

2004-01-01

440

The effects of familiarity on thought--action fusion.  

PubMed

The present study examined whether beliefs about the importance of thoughts (i.e., thought--action fusion; TAF) are related to the target subject of the negative thought. One hundred and seven undergraduate students were randomly assigned to imagine either a beloved relative or a stranger being diagnosed with cancer and provided in vivo ratings of anxiety, likelihood, moral wrongness, urge to neutralize, and how upsetting the event would be if it occurred. Results indicated that thinking of a relative being diagnosed with cancer provoked more distress, urges to neutralize, and higher estimates of likelihood, as well greater use of mental neutralizing behaviors, compared to thinking of a stranger. Contrary to our prediction, the groups did not differ in their ratings of the moral wrongness. These findings broadly support the assertion that the more personally significant a negative intrusive thought, the more it will provoke distress and urges to neutralize. Results are discussed in terms of the cognitive model of obsessions and clinical implications are addressed. PMID:21835394

Berman, Noah C; Wheaton, Michael G; Fabricant, Laura E; Jacobson, Spenser R; Abramowitz, Jonathan S

2011-07-29

441

Film as a "Thoughtful" Medium for Teaching History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collective case study of teachers and students in two ninth-grade US history classes examines the role that films can play as a "thoughtful" medium for teaching history. Specifically, the study focuses on the nature and range of authentic intellectual work that students are engaged in with film in the classroom (Newmann, F., B. King, and D.…

Stoddard, Jeremy D.

2012-01-01

442

Recording in Thoughts: Recording Speech for the Purpose of Sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-expert users rarely use recorded speech as a means of communication and expression. This paper describes work on a recording interface that reduces the need for editing, so as to encourage the use of speech as a medium. User needs were determined by a diary study and participatory design session. A recording technique, recording in thoughts, is presented, aiming to

Neema Moraveji; Pei Yu; Xianjun Huang

2006-01-01

443

Formal Thought Disorder, Neuropsychology and Insight in Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Information provided by patients with schizophrenia and their respective carers is used to study the descriptive psychopathology and neuropsychology of formal thought disorder (FTD). Sampling and Methods: Relatively intellectually preserved schizophrenia patients (n = 31) exhibiting from no to severe positive FTD completed a self-report scale of FTD, a scale of insight as well as several tests of executive

Álvaro Barrera; Peter J. McKenna; German E. Berrios

2009-01-01

444

Formal thought disorder is characterised by impaired lexical access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have proposed that difficulty with accessing the lexical–semantic memory store may underpin some of the specific linguistic problems associated with formal thought disorder (FTD). We examined the consistency of name retrieval as an indicator of the ability to access lexical–semantic knowledge in patients with and without marked FTD to see if problems are specific to the former or

Verity C. Leeson; Keith R. Laws; Peter J. McKenna

2006-01-01

445

Decision-Making and Thought Processes among Poker Players  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was aimed at delineating decision-making and thought processing among poker players who vary in skill-level. Forty-five participants, 15 in each group, comprised expert, intermediate, and novice poker players. They completed the Computer Poker Simulation Task (CPST) comprised of 60 hands of No-Limit Texas Hold 'Em. During the CPST,…

St. Germain, Joseph; Tenenbaum, Gershon

2011-01-01

446

Seasoning business knowledge: challenging recent Catholic social thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to indicate how practical wisdom in the western Christian tradition may be introduced into management development. Following recent documents of Catholic social thought, three roads to go are indicated especially concerning: management practice, management education, and the managerial reason. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is an interdisciplinary paper summarizing economic, philosophical, and business literature. Findings – In

André Habisch; Cristian Loza Adaui

2010-01-01

447

Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Thought Disorder in Childhood Schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Objective Although magnetic resonance spectroscopy has identified metabolic abnormalities in adult and childhood schizophrenia, no prior studies have investigated the relationship between neurometabolites and thought disorder. This study examined this association in language-related brain regions using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H MRSI). Method MRSI was acquired bilaterally from 28 youth with childhood-onset schizophrenia and 34 healthy control subjects in inferior frontal, middle frontal, and superior temporal gyri at 1.5 T and short echo time (TR/TE=1500/30 ms). CSF-corrected “total NAA” (tNAA; N-acetyl-aspartate+N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate), glutamate+glutamine (Glx), creatine+phosphocreatine (Cr+PCr), choline compounds (Cho), and myo-inositol (mI) were assayed in manually drawn regions-of-interest partitioned into gray matter, white matter, and CSF and then coregistered with MRSI. Speech samples of all subjects were coded for thought disorder. Results In the schizophrenia group, the severity of formal thought disorder correlated significantly with tNAA in the left inferior frontal and superior temporal gyri and with Cr+PCr in left superior temporal gyrus. Conclusions Neurometabolite concentrations in language-related brain regions are associated with thought disorder in childhood-onset schizophrenia.

Seese, Ronald R.; O'Neill, Joseph; Hudkins, Matthew; Siddarth, Prabha; Levitt, Jennifer; Tseng, Ben; Wu, Keng Nei; Caplan, Rochelle

2011-01-01

448

Thought Experiments in Science Education: Potential and Current Realization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If science education is to be related as closely as possible to science, then Thought Experiments (TEs) must play an appropriate part. Presents a typology of TEs with examples drawn from the history of physics and addresses their various uses in bringing about students' conceptual development. Finds appropriate use of TEs is lacking in physics…

Gilbert, John K.; Reiner, Miriam

2000-01-01

449

Satan and Savior: Mass Communication in Progressive Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Probes the contradictory philosophical reception of mass communication in the social thought of Charles Horton Cooley, John Dewey, Walter Lippmann, Robert Park, and Josiah Royce. Shows how these progressive intellectuals conceived of mass media as an integral part of a social order whose scale and mass require systematic means of…

Peters, John Durham

1989-01-01

450

Neurally and Mathematically Motivated Architecture for Language and Thought  

PubMed Central

Neural structures of interaction between thinking and language are unknown. This paper suggests a possible architecture motivated by neural and mathematical considerations. A mathematical requirement of computability imposes significant constraints on possible architectures consistent with brain neural structure and with a wealth of psychological knowledge. How language interacts with cognition. Do we think with words, or is thinking independent from language with words being just labels for decisions? Why is language learned by the age of 5 or 7, but acquisition of knowledge represented by learning to use this language knowledge takes a lifetime? This paper discusses hierarchical aspects of language and thought and argues that high level abstract thinking is impossible without language. We discuss a mathematical technique that can model the joint language-thought architecture, while overcoming previously encountered difficulties of computability. This architecture explains a contradiction between human ability for rational thoughtful decisions and irrationality of human thinking revealed by Tversky and Kahneman; a crucial role in this contradiction might be played by language. The proposed model resolves long-standing issues: how the brain learns correct words-object associations; why animals do not talk and think like people. We propose the role played by language emotionality in its interaction with thought. We relate the mathematical model to Humboldt’s “firmness” of languages; and discuss possible influence of language grammar on its emotionality. Psychological and brain imaging experiments related to the proposed model are discussed. Future theoretical and experimental research is outlined.

Perlovsky, L.I; Ilin, R

2010-01-01

451

Engendering Water in the Middle East: Some Preliminary Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present some preliminary thoughts on the impor- tance of gender as a meaningful category in the politics of water in general and in the Middle East, in particular. There is very little research on the gendered use of water in the Middle East. Our main purpose is to introduce professionals in the field of environmental and

EVA M. RATHGEBER; Pnina Motzafi-Haller

452

A Response to Glickman's "Preparing Thoughtful Educational Leaders"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a response to an article by Carl Glickman entitled "Across the Void: Preparing Thoughtful Educational Leaders for Today's Schools" that appeared in the September 2005 issue of the "Journal of School Leadership." In his article, Glickman argues that the preparation of educational leaders must shake the assumptions that are generally held…

O'Hair; Mary John; Reitzug, Ulrich C.

2006-01-01

453

Muslim geographic thought and the influence of Greek philosophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Arabs acquired Greek geographical and astronomical knowledge in the eighth century, when the works of Ptolemy and other Greek philosophers were translated into Arabic. Muslim scholars learned Greek scientific thought and accepted these views as working theories necessary for further scientific inquiry. Muslim scholars were impressed by the Greek point of view, but they added to scientific knowledge in

Akhtar Husain Siddiqi

1995-01-01

454

East and West: some immanent thoughts on paradigmatic intersection  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of its long history under the weight of political, economical, and cultural imperialism, Latin America still suffers in many ways from West-centric cultural colonization. This influence is notably strong in the academic milieu. Following Shi-xu's suggestion that new and more inclusive Eastern paradigms should be constructed out of the dialogue between Eastern and Western thought, this paper

Matías Soich

2010-01-01

455

First impression versus second thought in true-false tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of changes of answers in true-false test responses, under ordinary circumstances and under instruction to record both first impression and second thought, shows that correct changes are more frequent than incorrect changes. This performance is not found with a few individuals or with a few questions only.

M. L. Lowe; C. C. Crawford

1929-01-01

456

The Role of Affect in Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk factors, theoretical explanations, and treatment suggestions for suicidal behaviors have historically focused largely on cognitions, but a more comprehensive picture may be provided by examining the role of affect in suicidal thoughts and behaviors. In the current study the link between affect and suicide within the theoretical framework of…

Yamokoski, Cynthia A.; Scheel, Karen R.; Rogers, James R.

2011-01-01

457

Neurally and mathematically motivated architecture for language and thought.  

PubMed

Neural structures of interaction between thinking and language are unknown. This paper suggests a possible architecture motivated by neural and mathematical considerations. A mathematical requirement of computability imposes significant constraints on possible architectures consistent with brain neural structure and with a wealth of psychological knowledge. How language interacts with cognition. Do we think with words, or is thinking independent from language with words being just labels for decisions? Why is language learned by the age of 5 or 7, but acquisition of knowledge represented by learning to use this language knowledge takes a lifetime? This paper discusses hierarchical aspects of language and thought and argues that high level abstract thinking is impossible without language. We discuss a mathematical technique that can model the joint language-thought architecture, while overcoming previously encountered difficulties of computability. This architecture explains a contradiction between human ability for rational thoughtful decisions and irrationality of human thinking revealed by Tversky and Kahneman; a crucial role in this contradiction might be played by language. The proposed model resolves long-standing issues: how the brain learns correct words-object associations; why animals do not talk and think like people. We propose the role played by language emotionality in its interaction with thought. We relate the mathematical model to Humboldt's "firmness" of languages; and discuss possible influence of language grammar on its emotionality. Psychological and brain imaging experiments related to the proposed model are discussed. Future theoretical and experimental research is outlined. PMID:21673788

Perlovsky, L I; Ilin, R

2010-07-08

458

Film as a "Thoughtful" Medium for Teaching History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collective case study of teachers and students in two ninth-grade US history classes examines the role that films can play as a "thoughtful" medium for teaching history. Specifically, the study focuses on the nature and range of authentic intellectual work that students are engaged in with film in the classroom (Newmann, F., B. King, and D.…

Stoddard, Jeremy D.

2012-01-01

459

Food for Thought: Expanding School Breakfast to NJ Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief marks the start of "Advocates for Children of New Jersey's Food for Thought School Breakfast Campaign", which seeks to expand innovative approaches to serving school breakfast and significantly increase students' participation rates. This report provides a closer look at the data, including identifying districts that have high…

Allen-Kyle, Portia; Parello, Nancy

2011-01-01

460

Crossing Into Uncharted Territory: Developing Thoughtful, Ethical School Administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this distrustful, unstable, and ethically polarized era, there is a need to prepare school administrators to resolve a myriad of moral dilemmas. As professors of school administration, how can we make sure that our future leaders have the capacity to make thoughtful, ethical decisions? How do we prepare these leaders to develop, foster and lead tolerant and democratic schools?

Jeanne L Surface

2009-01-01

461

The Tale of the Tape: Making Video Viewing More Thoughtful.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that videotape and other technological innovations are powerful tools for enhancing learning in geography. Describes instructional methods to engage students in active learning and reflective thought. Identifies videotape programs from the National Geographic Society and the Agency for Instructional Technology. (CFR)

Walk, Frederick H.

1994-01-01

462

Sex, Lies, and Residence Life: Delaware's Thought Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of Delaware has a zero-tolerance policy for anything remotely resembling "hate speech." As such, the school implemented a mandatory training for all 7,000-odd students in its dorms. The sessions were part of a thorough thought-reform curriculum, designed by the school's Office of Residence Life, psychologically to "treat" and…

Kissel, Adam

2009-01-01

463

Creativity is …: A metaphoric model of the creative thought process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applied a three-part metaphoric model of thinking to illuminate the creative thought process in developing marketing communications. The Zaltman Metaphor Elicitation Technique was used to categorize metaphorical statements about the creative process. Analysis found that these statements fit the model's tripartite structure of perception, movement, and object manipulation. These results suggest alternative paths for developing creative concepts, and

Mark W. Stuhlfaut; Bruce G. Vanden Bergh

2012-01-01

464

The life and thought of Michael Sattler, Anabaptist  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to shed light on the thought of Michael Sattler, formerly a Benedictine monk, later an Anabaptist leader and author of the influential Schleitheim Articles. The method followed has been first to seek out potential sources of influence on Sattler by re-examining his life, following which the relevant literature has been analyzed. Concerning his pre-Anabaptist

C. Arnold Snyder

1981-01-01

465

Evolution of Management Thought in the Ancient Times.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper argues that although systematic management thought is a distinctly modern development, the writings of ancient scholars and records of ancient rulers infer that they understood the rudiments of management principles and concepts. To support this thesis, the author reviews the evidence of management practices and concepts in various…

Sharma, C. L.

466

Nurturing Thoughtful Revision Using the Focused Question Card Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because revising can feel overwhelming even for competent writers, the author designed the Focused Question Card (FQC) strategy to ease students through a critically important aspect of the writing process--revision. The strategy is ideal for writing intended as thoughtful reflection of thinking over time and can be used with students from fourth…

Sandmann, Alexa

2006-01-01

467

Making Sense of the Role Category Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite over 30 years of review and analysis, researchers still are unclear as to what W.H. Crockett's Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) of interpersonal differentiation actually measures. Among the constructivists, at least four different explanations have been advanced. The "orthodox" interpretation holds that the RCQ constitutes a…

Leichty, Greg

468

Development of the Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: We aimed toevaluatethe psychometric properties of the Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire (SMCQ). Methods: The reliability of the SMCQ was evaluated by testing its internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to assess the concurrent validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the construct validity. Diagnostic ability for dementia was tested with receiver operator characteristic curve

Jong Chul Youn; Ki Woong Kim; Dong Young Lee; Jin Hyeong Jhoo; Seok Bum Lee; Joon Hyuk Park; Eun Ae Choi; Jin Yeong Choe; Ji Woon Jeong; Il Han Choo; Jong Inn Woo

2009-01-01

469

Mobile questionnaires for user experience evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As user experience studies move from laboratories to mobile context, we need tools for collecting data in natural settings. Based on the results from a pilot study, we present early guidelines for designing mobile questionnaires to be filled in on handheld, palm-sized mobile devices. We found that special attention needs to be paid to the clarity and simplicity of the

Heli Väätäjä; Virpi Roto

2010-01-01

470

Using Response Reliability to Guide Questionnaire Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Often in recent years, Census Bureau staff working on demographic surveys have wanted to expand upon laboratory research by conducting split-sample field experiments to compare different questionnaire design strategies, wording, sequencing, etc. In most cases, the only available option has been to piggyback onto one of the large demographic surveys in production mode, which typically presents many constraints and

Keith A. Albright; Jennifer W. Reichert; Leslie R. Flores

1999-01-01

471

Questionnaire study to Japanese SIDS families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To clarify the situation of the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. Method: The questionnaire study about the circumstances and responses in discovering the death of a SIDS infant was carried out by the SIDS Family Association, Japan. The bereaved parents were asked to reply as to

Toshiko Sawaguchi; Syunpei Yokota; Shigeru Nishimaki; Tomohisa Mori; Hiroshi Nishida; Stephanie Fukui

2004-01-01

472

Questionnaire study to Japanese SIDS families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To clarify the situation of the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. Method: The questionnaire study about the circumstances and responses in discovering the death of a SIDS infant was carried out by the SIDS Family Association Japan. The bereaved parents were asked to reply as to

Toshiko Sawaguchi; Syunpei Yokota; Shigeru Nishimaki; Tomohisa Mori; Hiroshi Nishida; Stephanie Fukui

2003-01-01

473

Frequencies for Cough/ Cold Questionnaire Items - Label ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Cough/ Cold Questionnaire Items - Label Ranked #12. Label ranked #12. Frequency. ... 687, 15, 3.3, 3.3, 95.4. 241, 12, 2.6, 2.6, 98.0. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

474

Questionnaire assessment of the welfare of pigs.  

PubMed

A questionnaire study was performed involving 76 farms with a total of 380,207 pigs to assess the welfare of pigs kept in Hungary based on the animal welfare legislation of the European Union. Most significant deficiencies were found in the fulfillment of the provisions relating to space requirements, the stall microclimate and the behavioural needs of the animals. PMID:11402682

Horváth, G; Visnyei, L

2001-01-01

475

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

476

Making Sense of the Role Category Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite over 30 years of review and analysis, researchers still are unclear as to what W.H. Crockett's Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) of interpersonal differentiation actually measures. Among the constructivists, at least four different explanations have been advanced. The "orthodox" interpretation holds that the RCQ constitutes a…

Leichty, Greg

477

PAQ database: Central Sweden Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Central Sweden Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Norman A, Bellocco R, Bergstrom A, Wolk A. Validity and reproducibility of self-reported total physical activity--differences by relative weight. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2001 May;25(5):682-8. Physical

478

Teacher Questionnaire [ETS Head Start Longitudinal Study].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 147-item questionnaire was used to collect data on those Head Start and other preschool teachers who were teaching Longitudinal Study target children. Areas of requested information included: demographic characteristics, education and experience, attitudes toward minority-groups and economically disadvanted children's motivation and learning…

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.

479

Construct Validity of the Social Coping Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Social coping Questionnaire (SCQ) measures strategies used by gifted adolescents to minimize the negative effect they believe their high ability has on their social interactions. Previous studies have supported the factor structure, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the SCQ. The current study provides construct validity…

Swiatek, Mary Ann; Cross, Tracy L.

2007-01-01

480

A physical activity questionnaire: Reproducibility and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the Quantification de L'Activite Physique en Altitude chez les Enfants (QAPACE) supervised self- administered questionnaire reproducibility and validity on the estimation of the mean daily energy expenditure (DEE) on Bogotá's schoolchildren. The comprehension was assessed on 324 students, whereas the reproducibility was studied on a dif- ferent random sample of 162 who were exposed twice to it.

Nicolas Barbosa; Carlos E. Sanchez; Jose A. Vera; Wilson Perez; Jean-Christophe Thalabard; Michel Rieu

2007-01-01

481

Assessing Caregiver Information Needs: A Brief Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diagnostic evaluation for a person with suspected Alzheimer's disease is usually initiated by family members whose concerns go beyond strictly medical issues. To determine precisely what questions families want answered, a 15-point questionnaire was developed at a multi-disciplinary geriatric assessment clinic. Caregivers were asked to rate each…

Simonton, Linda J.; Haugland, S. M.

482

An intelligent questionnaire analysis expert system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the questionnaire analysis, how to find a statistically significant difference between two or more groups in a continuous measure is one of the major problems in researches. However, it is difficult for researchers to solve the issue of finding possible statistically significant difference. There are two causes of this issue. The one is that the process of finding the

Yian-Shu Chu; Shian-shyong Tseng; Yu-jie Tsai; Ren-jei Luo

2009-01-01

483

An Evaluation of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on two studies investigating the utility of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire (LDQ), which was developed to provide a brief evaluation instrument in drug abuse treatment centers. Results from both studies reveal that the LDQ possesses good internal consistency and reliability. (Author/GCP)|

Lennings, C. J.

1999-01-01

484

Validation of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to test the validity evidence of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire (CSCQ). To accomplish this task, convergent, discriminant, and known-group difference validity were examined, along with factorial validity via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Child athletes (N = 290, M[subscript age] = 10.73 plus or…

Martin, Luc J.; Carron, Albert V.; Eys, Mark A.; Loughead, Todd

2013-01-01

485

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest is described; in construction and scoring, the authors have borrowed from the Sexual Orientation Method. Five subscale scores relating to different areas of sexual behavior can be measured, and an overall Sexual Interest score obtained. The measure is fully described, and preliminary data on internal consistency, reliability, and validity are presented. Applications of the

J. J. M. Harbison; P. Joan Graham; J. T. Quinn; H. McAllister; R. Woodward

1974-01-01

486

Questionnaire for Identifying Writer's Block (QIWB).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to identify students with writer's block, this measure is an attitude questionnaire of 24 items separated into five subscales: blocking, lateness, premature editing, strategies for complexity, and attitudes. If teachers or researchers wish simply to identify blockers, they can administer only the items within the behavioral…

Rose, Mike

487

PAQ database: Single Question Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Single Question Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Rose SB, Elley CR, Lawton BA, Dowell AC. A single question reliably identifies physically inactive women in primary care. N Z Med J 2008 Jan 25;121(1268):U2897. [View Abstract] "As a rule, do you do

488

The Desire Thinking Questionnaire: development and psychometric properties.  

PubMed

Desire thinking is a voluntary cognitive process involving verbal and imaginal elaboration of a desired target. Recent research has highlighted the role of desire thinking in the maintenance of addictive, eating and impulse control disorders. The goal of this research project was to develop the first self-report measure of desire thinking. In Study 1 we constructed the Desire Thinking Questionnaire (DTQ) and conducted a preliminary factor analysis which identified two factors. The first factor concerned the perseveration of verbal thoughts about desire-related content and experience and was named 'Verbal Perseveration'. The second factor concerned the tendency to prefigure images about desire-related content and experience and was named 'Imaginal Prefiguration'. In Study 2 we performed a confirmatory factor analysis which provided support for this two factor solution, with both factors achieving adequate internal consistency. Divergent validity was also established through correlation analyses. In Study 3 the temporal stability of the DTQ was examined and confirmed. Finally, in Study 4, the predictive validity of the DTQ in a sample of alcohol abusers was investigated. The DTQ was shown to possess good psychometric properties, as well as divergent and predictive validity. This self-report measure may aid future research into desire thinking and craving, as well as facilitate assessment and case formulation within the context of addictive, eating and impulse control disorders. PMID:21741178

Caselli, Gabriele; Spada, Marcantonio M

2011-06-27

489

Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN): A reliable factor-analysis based synaesthesia questionnaire.  

PubMed

Synaesthesia is a heterogeneous phenomenon, even when considering one particular sub-type. The purpose of this study was to design a reliable and valid questionnaire for grapheme-colour synaesthesia that captures this heterogeneity. By the means of a large sample of 628 synaesthetes and a factor analysis, we created the Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN) questionnaire with 16 items loading on 4 different factors (i.e., localisation, automaticity/attention, deliberate use, and longitudinal changes). These factors were externally validated with tests which are widely used in the field of synaesthesia research. The questionnaire showed good test-retest reliability and construct validity (i.e., internally and externally). Our findings are discussed in the light of current theories and new ideas in synaesthesia research. More generally, the questionnaire is a useful tool which can be widely used in synaesthesia research to reveal the influence of individual differences on various performance measures and will be useful in generating new hypotheses. PMID:23938277

Rothen, Nicolas; Tsakanikos, Elias; Meier, Beat; Ward, Jamie

2013-08-09

490

Automatization research on form processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes an integrated set of solution blue print on computer aided automatic form processing. By using the linear whole block moving method in each vertical segment, a new fast algorithm is put forth to detect and rectify the slanting image. To distinguish the different form types, which is the foundation of steps of locating the form fields, filtering the form lines, and so forth, several representative form features are discussed. Based on the bank bill image feature, a mutual rectification mechanism based on the recognition results of financial Chinese characters and Arabic numerals is put forward to raise the recognition rate. At last, it presents experiment results and conclusions.

Ming, Delie; Tian, Yulong; Liu, Jianguo; Tian, Jinwen

2001-09-01

491

The Automaticity of Social Life  

PubMed Central

Much of social life is experienced through mental processes that are not intended and about which one is fairly oblivious. These processes are automatically triggered by features of the immediate social environment, such as the group memberships of other people, the qualities of their behavior, and features of social situations (e.g., norms, one's relative power). Recent research has shown these nonconscious influences to extend beyond the perception and interpretation of the social world to the actual guidance, over extended time periods, of one's important goal pursuits and social interactions.

Bargh, John A.; Williams, Erin L.

2008-01-01

492

Automatic improvement of image contrast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes a method for automatically altering image contrast, directed toward enhancing the quality of the visual perception of these images by an observer. The method is a three-step procedure of histogram transformation of the Y component in the YIQ color model. The question is considered of adapting the method to the difference in the observers' quality criteria, which limits the possibility of altering the method of improving the contrast in the interactive regime. Such a regime has been successfully tested in practice and was implemented in the JASC Paint Shop Pro 7-9 graphic packages.

Trifonov, M. I.; Makulov, V. B.

2006-10-01

493

Ego-syntonicity and ego-dystonicity of eating-related intrusive thoughts in patients with eating disorders.  

PubMed

The main objective of the present study was to analyse the role of the ego-dystonicity and ego-syntonicity of eating disorder intrusive thoughts (EDITs) in the genesis and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). Participants were 98 female patients with EDs, 56 Spanish and 42 English (27.19±9.59 years; body mass index (BMI): 18.72±2.87). All of them completed the eating attitudes test, the Eating Attitudes Test, the Eating Intrusive Thoughts Inventory, the Ego-Dystonicity Questionnaire-Reduced version, and the Ego-Syntonicity Questionnaire. Patients indicated that their EDITs were rational and also undesirable and immoral, suggesting that EDITs are not fully ego-syntonic or ego-dystonic. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) indicated no differences in ego-syntonicity and ego-dystonicity across ED subtypes. Path analyses were performed to investigate the mediating role of the EDITs' ego-syntonicity and ego-dystonicity in their interference, dysfunctional appraisals and control strategies. They showed, first, that the more interference an EDIT caused, the more ego-syntonic and the less ego-dystonic it was and, second, that when the EDITs were assessed as ego-syntonic, patients tried to do what they indicated, whereas when they were assessed as ego-dystonic, patients made efforts to neutralise them. Clinical implications for the conceptualisation and treatment of ED are discussed. PMID:23541243

Roncero, María; Belloch, Amparo; Perpiñá, Conxa; Treasure, Janet

2013-03-26

494

Valid and constructive thoughts: Continuing the dialog about the RCQ  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief essay continues the ongoing controversy over the status of the Role Category Questionnaire as a measure of cognitive complexity. The central thesis advanced is that several theoretical and methodological issues regarding the RCQ are still unanswered and await empirical investigation. The dozens of studies typically cited bv proponents of the RCQ demonstrate predictive validity. However, substantial unresolved questions

Mike Allen; Edward Mabry; Mary Banski; Raymond Preiss

1991-01-01

495

Food for thought: parents' perspectives of child influence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Aims to investigate the influence parents perceive their children have on family food-purchasing decisions and discuss the reasons why parents do not always purchase healthy food products. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Quantitative analysis was conducted, using 301 questionnaires which were distributed to parents through a local primary school in Dundee. From this sample 143 were returned. Findings – Most parents

Jason J. Turner; James Kelly; Kirsty McKenna

2006-01-01

496

Automatic melting point determination of fats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mettler FP3 automatic dropping point apparatus was used for the determination of melting points of a variety of edible\\u000a fat products. The instrument was particularly suitable for this purpose because of the availability-of different heating rates.\\u000a Advantages were the fully automatic heating, the automatic and objective endpoint determination, the application for melted\\u000a as well as solidified samples (shortening, margarine,

W. G. Mertens; J. M. DeMan

1972-01-01

497

Subliminal exposure to national flags affects political thought and behavior  

PubMed Central

Political thought and behavior play an important role in our lives, from ethnic tensions in Europe, to the war in Iraq and the Middle Eastern conflict, to parliamentary and presidential elections. However, little is known about how the individual's political attitudes and decisions are shaped by subtle national cues that are so prevalent in our environment. We report a series of experiments that show that subliminal exposure to one's national flag influences political attitudes, intentions, and decisions, both in laboratory settings and in “real-life” behavior. Furthermore, this manipulation consistently narrowed the gap between those who score high vs. low on a scale of identification with Israeli nationalism. The first two experiments examined participants' stance toward the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the Jewish settlers in the West Bank. Experiment 3 examined voting intentions and actual voting in Israel's recently held general elections. The results portray a consistent picture: subtle reminders of one's nationality significantly influence political thought and overt political behavior.

Hassin, Ran R.; Ferguson, Melissa J.; Shidlovski, Daniella; Gross, Tamar

2007-01-01

498

Examinee Feedback Questionnaire: Reliability and Validity Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The systematic consideration of test-takers' reactions to the tests they take can be an important part of psychometric assessment. The Examinee Feedback Questionnaire (EFeQ) evaluates a variety of aspects of the test situation, such as physical conditions, examiner behavior, the testing conditions, and the test itself. The EFeQ was administered to 1,385 Israeli college applicants who took an entrance examination.

Baruch Nevo

1995-01-01

499

Self-administered questionnaires and standardized interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the not too distant past there were only two survey methods to choose from: the face-to-face interview and the postal or mail questionnaire. The first scientific interview goes back to 1912 and Bowley's study of working-class conditions in five British cities. while the first postal survey is attributed to Sir John Sinclair in 1788 (for a historical overview. see

E. D. de Leeuw

2008-01-01

500

A questionnaire on pelvic floor dysfunction postpartum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction and hypothesis  The incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries is used in Sweden as a measurement of quality of care and this might influence\\u000a the reporting. However, the correlation between reported diagnosis of pelvic floor injury at delivery and pelvic floor symptoms\\u000a a year later is unknown. A questionnaire could identify such symptoms and provide beneficial feedback to obstetrical practices.

Charlotte Luthander; Thomas Emilsson; Gunnar Ljunggren; Margareta Hammarström

2011-01-01