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1

The contribution of regional gray/white matter volume in preclinical depression assessed by the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire: a voxel-based morphometry study.  

PubMed

Negative automatic thought is a characteristic of depression that contributes toward the risk for episodes of depression. Evidence suggests that gray and white matter abnormalities are linked with depression, but little is known about the association between the negative cognitive experience and brain structure in preclinical depression. We examined the correlation between negative thought and gray (GMV)/white matter volume (WMV) in healthy individuals with preclinical depression. The participants were 309 university students with preclinical depression, as measured by their Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) scores. We collected brain MRIs and used voxel-based morphometry to analyze the correlation of regional GMV/WMV with the ATQ scores. The voxel-based morphometry results showed that the GMV of the right parahippocampal gyrus and fusiform gyrus and the WMV of the right superior temporal pole increased with the severity of depression. Furthermore, the corpus callosum volume decreased with the ATQ scores. This study implied that GMV increase and corpus callosum volume reduction may be associated with negative thought in nonclinical individuals, even at a preclinical depressed level. PMID:24999908

Cun, Lingli; Wang, Yanqiu; Zhang, Songyan; Wei, Dongtao; Qiu, Jiang

2014-09-10

2

Teacher Self-efficacy, Collective Teacher Efficacy, Automatic Thoughts, States of Mind, and Stress in Elementary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationships between teacher self-efficacy, collective teacher efficacy, automatic thoughts, Balanced States of Mind (BSOM) model, and levels of stress in regular education elementary school teachers. A sample of 66 teachers from rural and urban south central Pennsylvania school districts completed the following questionnaires: Teacher Beliefs Scale (TBS), Collective Teacher Beliefs Scale (CTBS), Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire -

Robert W. Shambaugh

2008-01-01

3

The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire. Psychometric properties and relationship with consumption, dieting, disinhibition and thought suppression.  

PubMed

We examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ), comparing the original three-factor model to a later-suggested two-factor model. We evaluated the construct validity of the ACQ by investigating the associations between the resulting factors and other eating-related questionnaires such as the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire and the Food Thought Suppression Inventory. Finally, we compared the scores on several scales regarding eating behavior between different groups (men versus women, dieters versus non-dieters and cravers versus non-cravers). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Dutch ACQ indicated the best global fit indices for the two-factor model, with the resulting factors being "Negative consequences and Guilt" and "Craving and emotional eating". Both factors were associated with other eating-related dimensions. However, craving seemed to be uniquely associated with the amount of chocolate consumed per week, whereas guilt correlated strongly with restraint. Finally, women scored higher on nearly all scales, but there was no significant gender difference with regard to chocolate consumption. Dieters reported more disinhibition, restraint, food-thought suppression and guilt, but they did not significantly differ from non-dieters with regards to their levels of craving, hunger nor consumption. PMID:24530692

Van Gucht, Dinska; Soetens, Barbara; Raes, Filip; Griffith, James W

2014-05-01

4

Association of microcephalin 1, syntrophin-beta 1, and other genes with automatic thoughts in the Japanese population.  

PubMed

Automatic thoughts may be risk factors for depression and anxiety, and should be detected early. However, the genetic basis of automatic thoughts remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the genetic association of automatic thoughts with SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) involved in cognition, neurogenesis, neuronal cell structure, neurotransmitters, hypothalamus-pituitary adrenal axis and psychiatric illness. The study included 610 healthy participants. We used the Depression and Anxiety Cognition Scale (DACS), a Japanese psychological questionnaire, to assess automatic thoughts. Twenty-five SNPs including COMT, BDNF, FKBP5, SNTB1 (syntrophin-beta 1, rs4512418), and MCPH1 (microcephalin 1, rs2911968) were selected according to their minor allele frequency. Linear regression models were used to test association of mean DACS scores with each allele (major-allele homozygote, heterozygote, and minor-allele homozygote). The significant ?-value was set at ? < 0.002. Statistical analysis was conducted using SNPStats. Call rates for all genotypes were >98%. Eighteen SNPs did not deviate from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, and 7 were excluded from statistical analysis. Significant associations of SNTB1 with interpersonal threat and MCPH1 with future denial were observed only in females. SNTB1 and MCPH1 are located on chromosome 8, which may be involved in neuroticism, avoidant personality and depression. Our results demonstrated that DACS scores showing significant interaction with the 2 SNPs may be regarded as appropriate traits to detect the diathesis of automatic thoughts. The 2 SNPs may be important loci in research on cognitive vulnerability to depression and anxiety. PMID:24975899

Ishitobi, Yoshinobu; Inoue, Ayako; Aizawa, Saeko; Masuda, Koji; Ando, Tomoko; Kawano, Aimi; Ikeda, Rie; Maruyama, Yoshihiro; Kanehisa, Masayuki; Ninomiya, Taiga; Tanaka, Yoshihiro; Tsuru, Jusen; Akiyoshi, Jotaro

2014-09-01

5

Automatic thoughts and meta-cognition as predictors of depressive or anxious symptoms: a prospective study of two trajectories.  

PubMed

The purpose of this prospective study was to explore the Automatic Thought Questionnaire Negative (ATQ-30-N) and the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire (MCQ-30) as predictors in the development of depressive or anxious symptoms. A sample (N = 201) completed the ATQ-30-N, MCQ-30, and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) twice with a three month interval. The HSCL-25 measures both depressive and anxiety symptoms. Separate multiple hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the ATQ-30-N was a positive predictor for levels of depressive symptoms, while the MCQ-30 was a predictor of both levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms, at follow-up, when controlling for gender, age and pre-test levels of symptoms. However, the MCQ-30 did not predict future levels of depressive symptoms, when levels of automatic negative thoughts measured by the ATQ-30-N were statistically controlled for. The findings suggested that the ATQ-30-N predicts future levels of depressive symptoms, while the MCQ-30 primarily predicts future levels of anxiety. PMID:23253125

Hjemdal, Odin; Stiles, Tore; Wells, Adrian

2013-04-01

6

Automatic Thoughts and Cognitive Restructuring in Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal in (Heimberg, R. G. (1991). A manual for conducting Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy for social phobia (2nd ed), Unpublished manuscript) cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for social anxiety disorder (social phobia) is\\u000a to challenge irrational automatic thoughts and create exposures to provide disconfirming evidence for these irrational thoughts\\u000a as well as habituation to fearful stimuli. Yet little is

Debra A. Hope; James A. Burns; Sarah A. Hayes; James D. Herbert; Michelle D. Warner

2010-01-01

7

The Acceptance and Action Questionnaire - Stigma (AAQ-S): Developing a measure of psychological flexibility with stigmatizing thoughts.  

PubMed

The current study sought to develop and test the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire - Stigma (AAQ-S), a measure of psychological flexibility with stigmatizing thoughts. A sample of 604 undergraduate students completed an online survey, which included an initial pool of 43 AAQ-S items as well as measures related to psychological flexibility and stigma. Expert judge ratings and factor analysis were used to identify and refine two distinct subscales; psychological flexibility and psychological inflexibility relating to stigmatizing thoughts. Analyses indicated that the AAQ-S psychological flexibility and inflexibility subscales, as well as a combined total score, correlate with other measures of psychological flexibility and stigma in expected ways, and are more predictive of stigma than a general measure of psychological flexibility. Overall, the results suggest that the AAQ-S could be a useful measure in conducting future stigma research. PMID:25485230

Levin, Michael E; Luoma, Jason B; Lillis, Jason; Hayes, Steven C; Vilardaga, Roger

2014-01-01

8

The Acceptance and Action Questionnaire – Stigma (AAQ-S): Developing a measure of psychological flexibility with stigmatizing thoughts  

PubMed Central

The current study sought to develop and test the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire – Stigma (AAQ-S), a measure of psychological flexibility with stigmatizing thoughts. A sample of 604 undergraduate students completed an online survey, which included an initial pool of 43 AAQ-S items as well as measures related to psychological flexibility and stigma. Expert judge ratings and factor analysis were used to identify and refine two distinct subscales; psychological flexibility and psychological inflexibility relating to stigmatizing thoughts. Analyses indicated that the AAQ-S psychological flexibility and inflexibility subscales, as well as a combined total score, correlate with other measures of psychological flexibility and stigma in expected ways, and are more predictive of stigma than a general measure of psychological flexibility. Overall, the results suggest that the AAQ-S could be a useful measure in conducting future stigma research. PMID:25485230

Levin, Michael E.; Luoma, Jason B.; Lillis, Jason; Hayes, Steven C.; Vilardaga, Roger

2014-01-01

9

Perfectionism, Anxiety, and Depressive Distress: Evidence for the Mediating Role of Negative Automatic Thoughts and Anxiety Sensitivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study assessed a mediational model in which negative automatic thoughts and anxiety sensitivity were hypothesized to mediate the relationship between perfectionism cognitions and depressive and anxiety symptoms. Participants: Participants were undergraduate students from an urban Canadian university. The data were collected from…

Pirbaglou, Meysam; Cribbie, Robert; Irvine, Jane; Radhu, Natasha; Vora, Khushboo; Ritvo, Paul

2013-01-01

10

Automatic single questionnaire intensity (SQI, EMS98 scale) estimation using ranking models built on the existing BCSF database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In charge of intensity estimations in France, BCSF has collected and manually analyzed more than 47000 online individual macroseismic questionnaires since 2000 up to intensity VI. These macroseismic data allow us to estimate one SQI value (Single Questionnaire Intensity) for each form following the EMS98 scale. The reliability of the automatic intensity estimation is important as they are today used for automatic shakemaps communications and crisis management. Today, the automatic intensity estimation at BCSF is based on the direct use of thumbnails selected on a menu by the witnesses. Each thumbnail corresponds to an EMS-98 intensity value, allowing us to quickly issue an intensity map of the communal intensity by averaging the SQIs at each city. Afterwards an expert, to determine a definitive SQI, manually analyzes each form. This work is time consuming and not anymore suitable considering the increasing number of testimonies at BCSF. Nevertheless, it can take into account incoherent answers. We tested several automatic methods (USGS algorithm, Correlation coefficient, Thumbnails) (Sira et al. 2013, IASPEI) and compared them with 'expert' SQIs. These methods gave us medium score (between 50 to 60% of well SQI determined and 35 to 40% with plus one or minus one intensity degree). The best fit was observed with the thumbnails. Here, we present new approaches based on 3 statistical ranking methods as 1) Multinomial logistic regression model, 2) Discriminant analysis DISQUAL and 3) Support vector machines (SVMs). The two first methods are standard methods, while the third one is more recent. Theses methods could be applied because the BCSF has already in his database more then 47000 forms and because their questions and answers are well adapted for a statistical analysis. The ranking models could then be used as automatic method constrained on expert analysis. The performance of the automatic methods and the reliability of the estimated SQI can be evaluated thanks to the fact that each definitive BCSF SQIs is determined by an expert analysis. We compare the SQIs obtained by these methods from our database and discuss the coherency and variations between automatic and manual processes. These methods lead to high scores with up to 85% of the forms well classified and most of the remaining forms classified with only a shift of one intensity degree. This allows us to use the ranking methods as the best automatic methods to fast SQIs estimation and to produce fast shakemaps. The next step, to improve the use of these methods, will be to identify explanations for the forms not classified at the correct value and a way to select the few remaining forms that should be analyzed by the expert. Note that beyond intensity VI, on-line questionnaires are insufficient and a field survey is indispensable to estimate intensity. For such survey, in France, BCSF leads a macroseismic intervention group (GIM).

Schlupp, A.; Sira, C.; Schmitt, K.; Schaming, M.

2013-12-01

11

The Believability of Anxious Feelings and Thoughts Questionnaire (BAFT): A Psychometric Evaluation of Cognitive Fusion in a Nonclinical and Highly Anxious Community Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive fusion--or the tendency to buy into the literal meaning of thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations--plays an important role in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders and figures prominently in third-generation behavior therapies such as acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Nonetheless, there is a lack of validated…

Herzberg, Kristin N.; Sheppard, Sean C.; Forsyth, John P.; Crede, Marcus; Earleywine, Mitch; Eifert, Georg H.

2012-01-01

12

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

13

Thought-action fusion and thought suppression in obsessive-compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine the significance of thought-action fusion (TAF) and thought suppression tendencies, the present study obtained pre- and post-treatment questionnaire data on these constructs in a sample of OCD patients (n=24) and non-OCD anxiety patients (n=20). Results indicate that TAF and suppression are correlated with severity of psychopathology. Yet, the associations between TAF and psychopathology are not typical for OCD,

Eric Rassin; Philip Diepstraten; Harald Merckelbach; Peter Muris

2001-01-01

14

Beliefs about obsessional thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent cognitive-behavioral formulations of obsessive-compulsive disorder postulate that intrusive or obsessional thoughts are subject to appraisal. Extreme beliefs about the occurrence and meaning of intrusive thoughts direct appraisal, thus causing marked distress and subjective responsibility which may lead to neutralizing activity. A brief self-report belief inventory was developed from a 92-item pool to assess extreme beliefs concerning intrusive thoughts and

Mark H. Freeston; Robert Ladouceur; Fabien Gagnon; Nicole Thibodeau

1993-01-01

15

The Association between Thoughts of Defecation and Thoughts of Death  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies were conducted examining the relationship between thoughts of defecation and thoughts of death. In Study 1 and Study 3 it was found that making thoughts of feces salient reduced the accessibility of death thoughts. In Study 2 it was found that making thoughts of death salient decreased the accessibility of feces thoughts. It is…

Dunkel, Curtis S.

2009-01-01

16

History of Economic Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The History of Economic Thought site was developed by Goncalo L. Fonseca, John Hopkins University, and Leanne J. Ussher, New School for Social Research. The core of the site consists of short biographical sketches and bibliographies of more than 300 economists from the 17th century to the present. These economists can be accessed through an alphabetical index or via schools of thought. In addition, the site provides surveys on value theory, capital theory, growth theory, monetary theory, and business cycle theory as an introduction to the History of Economic Thought for new users.

Fanseco, Gonzalo L.

17

Train of Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This OLogy activity first introduces kids to the idea of thought experiments. Then it puts their scientific creativity to work with two mind-bending experiments that rely solely on imagination. Both thought experiments have background information, plus concrete examples of how to approach the experiment. Specifically, they ask: Can you throw a ball so hard it never falls to Earth? What if light could only travel one foot/second?

18

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the potential…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

19

A questionnaire measure of achievement motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducted 3 studies with 125, 67, and 118 male undergraduates to investigate the possibility of constructing a new questionnaire to measure the achievement motive. Study I started with an initial item pool whose content ranged over 10 aspects thought to be characteristic of an individual who is highly motivated to achieve. Items embodying all except 1 aspect were included in

Hubert J. Hermans

1970-01-01

20

Plato's analogical thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

The philosophical concept of analogy is fundamental to the theory of imaging that characterizes Plato’s metaphysics, cosmology, and methodology. While Plato never explicitly conceptualizes the philosophical role of analogy, his dialogues are rife with analogies and images that are often pivotal to the thought expressed there. An analysis of celebrated analogies such as the sun and the good in the

Holly G. Moore

2009-01-01

21

collection: thought experiments  

E-print Network

collection: thought experiments of the day #12;"Suppose now that there were two such magic rings No Member 3 Yes Yes Yes Collective Yes Yes Yes or No? #12;The Model-T Suppose several people push a Model, in effect, a highly generalized form of such a ticket. ­ G.A. Cohen, "Freedom and Money" #12;The Survival

Wolfe, Patrick J.

22

Elemental Food for Thought  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the first tasks students learn in chemistry is to pronounce and spell the names of elements and learn their corresponding chemical symbols. Repetitive oral recitation is commonly used to learn this information, but games and puzzles can make this task creative, variable, and fun. Elemental Food for Thought is a puzzlelike activity that…

Cady, Susan

2005-01-01

23

Comments and Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this rejoinder, the authors provide their thoughts on each of the commentaries of the seven respondents to their article. They find that the response of Kyngdon differs markedly from the others in questioning some basic elements of the methods of analysis that they propose for the construction of a "road map." The authors emphasize that they…

Black, Paul; Wilson, Mark; Yao, Shih-Ying

2011-01-01

24

Food for Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Food for Thought is a spatial graphing activity that uses the participants as part of the graph. The activity helps students develop a feeling for the similarities and differences between populations. Many measures are used for comparison including population, population density, population growth rates, energy consumption, CO2 emissions, and more.

Dahlin, Marge; Murphy, Elaine; Crews, Kimberly; Teisch, Jessica; Longmire, Joan; Stauffer, Cheryl L.

2006-01-01

25

Letting Thoughts Take Wing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scientists are conducting research into electroencephalograms (EEGs) of brainwave activity, and electromyography (EMG) of muscle activity, in order to develop systems which can control an aircraft with only a pilot's thoughts. This article describes some EEG and EMG signals, and how they might be analyzed and interpreted to operate an aircraft. The development of a system to detect and interpret fine muscle movements is also profiled in the article.

Jorgensen, Chuck; Wheeler, Kevin

2002-01-01

26

Wesleyan University Student Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses marijuana use practices in college students. The 30 items (multiple choice or free response) are concerned with personal and demographic data, marijuana smoking practices, use history, effects from smoking marijuana, present attitude toward the substance, and use of other drugs. The Questionnaire is untimed and…

Haagen, C. Hess

27

The Relationship Thought and Reality  

E-print Network

, Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language, (Blackwell: Oxford, 1987), p. 115 2 of thought." (Pinker, 1994, 81) Pinker calls this language of thought "mentalese". Like a spo- ken language

Flohr, Michael

28

Thoughts on Communication  

PubMed Central

Living without the ability to communicate is humbling. Time spent on a sabbatical in Florence, Italy, taught me that my outgoing manner, my interactional skills, and my ability to establish rapport, all personality traits and skills that I thought would overcome my inadequacies as a communicator in Italian are not immutable. I gained some understanding of what our nonnative English-speaking patients might feel. I learned the following lessons: (1) be cautious—what appears to be a lack of interest may be a lack of understanding; (2) our perceptions of aptitude may be mistaken if based on patients’ facial expressions and body language; (3) we should not adjust our words and speed of speech just because we think a patient cannot understand what we are saying; and (4) language is an amazingly powerful tool—the inability to communicate transforms us. PMID:16735529

Gordon, Paul R.

2006-01-01

29

Causality in thought.  

PubMed

Causal knowledge plays a crucial role in human thought, but the nature of causal representation and inference remains a puzzle. Can human causal inference be captured by relations of probabilistic dependency, or does it draw on richer forms of representation? This article explores this question by reviewing research in reasoning, decision making, various forms of judgment, and attribution. We endorse causal Bayesian networks as the best normative framework and as a productive guide to theory building. However, it is incomplete as an account of causal thinking. On the basis of a range of experimental work, we identify three hallmarks of causal reasoning-the role of mechanism, narrative, and mental simulation-all of which go beyond mere probabilistic knowledge. We propose that the hallmarks are closely related. Mental simulations are representations over time of mechanisms. When multiple actors are involved, these simulations are aggregated into narratives. PMID:25061673

Sloman, Steven A; Lagnado, David

2015-01-01

30

An Alternative to Thought Suppression?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on the original article, "Setting free the bears: Escape from thought suppression," by D. M. Wegner (see record 2011-25622-008). While Wegner supposed that we might have to learn to live with bad thoughts, the present author discusses the use of imagination and guided imagery as an alternative to forced thought suppression.

Boice, Robert

2012-01-01

31

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

32

Automatic Imitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Automatic imitation" is a type of stimulus-response compatibility effect in which the topographical features of task-irrelevant action stimuli facilitate similar, and interfere with dissimilar, responses. This article reviews behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging research on automatic imitation, asking in what sense it is "automatic

Heyes, Cecilia

2011-01-01

33

Critical Thoughts on Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars in many academic areas, including librarians, devote a significant amount of thought to critical thinking. Surveying views of its use and possibility, the author considers some key librarians' thoughts on critical thinking. In conclusion, the inability to define critical thinking means that librarians need to emphasize control of…

Cody, Dean E.

2006-01-01

34

Bon Mots for Bad Thoughts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article questions how the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze has been received and connected to the field of curriculum theory. In an effort to reconnect Deleuze-thought to its political force, this essay commences a series of arguments pertaining to the ways in which the revolutionary thought of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari have been…

Wallin, Jason J.

2012-01-01

35

Thought Experiments: Determining Their Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers thought experiment as a special scientific tool that mediates between theory and experiment by mental simulation. To clarify the meaning of thought experiment, as required in teaching science, we followed the relevant episodes throughout the history of science paying attention to the epistemological status of the performed…

Galili, Igal

2009-01-01

36

Life time suicidal thoughts in an urban community in Hanoi, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Suicidal thought is a risk factor and a stage in the suicidal process from planning to attempting and dying by suicide. To date, studies on suicidal thought in the general population, especially in Asian communities, have been limited. METHOD: The WHO SUPRE-MISS (the multisite intervention study on suicidal behaviours) community survey questionnaire was filled in for 2,280 randomly selected

Huong Tran Thi Thanh; Trung Nam Tran; Guo-Xin Jiang; Antoon Leenaars; Danuta Wasserman

2006-01-01

37

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

38

Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Diet History Questionnaire Today's date: MONTH DAY YEAR |___|___| 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 01 Jan 02 Feb 03 Mar 04 Apr 05 May 06 Jun 07 Jul 08 Aug 09 Sep 10 Oct 11 Nov 12

39

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Daniel R. Zalles

40

Conversion of Questionnaire Data  

SciTech Connect

During the survey, respondents are asked to provide qualitative answers (well, adequate, needs improvement) on how well material control and accountability (MC&A) functions are being performed. These responses can be used to develop failure probabilities for basic events performed during routine operation of the MC&A systems. The failure frequencies for individual events may be used to estimate total system effectiveness using a fault tree in a probabilistic risk analysis (PRA). Numeric risk values are required for the PRA fault tree calculations that are performed to evaluate system effectiveness. So, the performance ratings in the questionnaire must be converted to relative risk values for all of the basic MC&A tasks performed in the facility. If a specific material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) task is being performed at the 'perfect' level, the task is considered to have a near zero risk of failure. If the task is performed at a less than perfect level, the deficiency in performance represents some risk of failure for the event. As the degree of deficiency in performance increases, the risk of failure increases. If a task that should be performed is not being performed, that task is in a state of failure. The failure probabilities of all basic events contribute to the total system risk. Conversion of questionnaire MPC&A system performance data to numeric values is a separate function from the process of completing the questionnaire. When specific questions in the questionnaire are answered, the focus is on correctly assessing and reporting, in an adjectival manner, the actual performance of the related MC&A function. Prior to conversion, consideration should not be given to the numeric value that will be assigned during the conversion process. In the conversion process, adjectival responses to questions on system performance are quantified based on a log normal scale typically used in human error analysis (see A.D. Swain and H.E. Guttmann, 'Handbook of Human Reliability Analysis with Emphasis on Nuclear Power Plant Applications,' NUREG/CR-1278). This conversion produces the basic event risk of failure values required for the fault tree calculations. The fault tree is a deductive logic structure that corresponds to the operational nuclear MC&A system at a nuclear facility. The conventional Delphi process is a time-honored approach commonly used in the risk assessment field to extract numerical values for the failure rates of actions or activities when statistically significant data is absent.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

41

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

42

Copyrighted Material Thoughts on Sparta . . .  

E-print Network

Copyrighted Material Afterword Thoughts on Sparta . . . The tone of discussion about American authorities. This shift in scholarly discourse is reflective of a period of instability in American civil then entered a period when a single military officer, General Petraeus, represented the face of American

Landweber, Laura

43

Flexibility in Language and Thought  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many words can be used flexibly: a book can be physically heavy, but also have provocative content, a "chicken" might live in a coop, but could also be tasty to eat. What do the uses of "polysemous" words such as these reveal about the structure of language and thought? Paper 1 examined 4-year-old children's representations of polysemous words…

Srinivasan, Mahesh

2011-01-01

44

Gramscian Thought and Brazilian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the history of Brazilian education, it is only since the 1980s, during the redemocratization of Brazil, that proposals for public education in a socialist perspective have been presented. The past two decades have been marked by a growing interest in Gramscian thought, mainly in the educational field, making possible the elaboration of…

Dore, Rosemary

2009-01-01

45

LANGUAGE IN THOUGHT AND ACTION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SEMANTIC DISCUSSION OF LANGUAGE IN GENERAL AND OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN PARTICULAR, THIS VOLUME IS DIVIDED INTO TWO BOOKS--"THE FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE" AND "LANGUAGE AND THOUGHT." BOOK 1 DISCUSSES LANGUAGE AND SURVIVAL, SYMBOLS, REPORTS, INFERENCES, JUDGMENTS, CONTEXTS, INFORMATIVE AND AFFECTIVE CONNOTATION, ART AND TENSION, AND THE "LANGUAGES"…

HAYAKAWA, S.I.

46

Automatic imitation.  

PubMed

"Automatic imitation" is a type of stimulus-response compatibility effect in which the topographical features of task-irrelevant action stimuli facilitate similar, and interfere with dissimilar, responses. This article reviews behavioral, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging research on automatic imitation, asking in what sense it is "automatic" and whether it is "imitation." This body of research reveals that automatic imitation is a covert form of imitation, distinct from spatial compatibility. It also indicates that, although automatic imitation is subject to input modulation by attentional processes, and output modulation by inhibitory processes, it is mediated by learned, long-term sensorimotor associations that cannot be altered directly by intentional processes. Automatic imitation provides an important tool for the investigation of the mirror neuron system, motor mimicry, and complex forms of imitation. It is a new behavioral phenomenon, comparable with the Stroop and Simon effects, providing strong evidence that even healthy adult humans are prone, in an unwilled and unreasoned way, to copy the actions of others. PMID:21280938

Heyes, Cecilia

2011-05-01

47

Empirical investigations of thought suppression in OCD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive-behavioural models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) implicate thought suppression as a key factor in the development and persistence of the disorder. There is now more than a decade of research on thought suppression and its effects as they pertain to OCD. This paper briefly reports on initial thought suppression research and then offers a detailed review of recent thought suppression

Christine Purdon

2004-01-01

48

Paper to Electronic Questionnaires: Effects on Structured Questionnaire Forms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the use of computers, paper questionnaires are being replaced by electronic questionnaires. The formats of traditional paper questionnaires have been found to effect a subject's rating. Consequently, the transition from paper to electronic format can subtly change results. The research presented begins to determine how electronic questionnaire formats change subjective ratings. For formats where subjects used a flow chart to arrive at their rating, starting at the worst and middle ratings of the flow charts were the most accurate but subjects took slightly more time to arrive at their answers. Except for the electronic paper format, starting at the worst rating was the most preferred. The paper and electronic paper versions had the worst accuracy. Therefore, for flowchart type of questionnaires, flowcharts should start at the worst rating and work their way up to better ratings.

Trujillo, Anna C.

2009-01-01

49

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

50

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01

51

Optical automatic gain channel  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic Gain Control /AGC/ channel automatically compensates for gain changes in the azimuth error channel due to time varying optical sight degrading effects. This system is useful in remote television monitors, automatic navigation systems, and surveying and mapping instrumentation.

Mrus, G.; Zukowsky, W.

1966-01-01

52

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire (NPAQ) A1 In a USUAL WEEK, do you cycle in or around your new neighbourhood or new local area to get to or from somewhere (such as cycling to a shop or to public transport) or for recreation, health or fitness (including cycling with your dog)?

53

Energy Balance Survey: Adult Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

The Physician Survey of Practices on Diet, Physical Activity, and Weight Control -- Adult Questionnaire is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute in collaboration with the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

54

Preschool Parent's Questionnaire: An Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Preschool Parent's Questionnaire (PPQ) was administered, in English and Spanish, to 120 parents (95 Black, 25 Mexican) of preschool children enrolled in child care programs, to ascertain the parents' attitudes regarding four basic issues: (1) parent's relationship to the child care program, (2) parent's attitudes toward teachers, (3) parent's…

Smith, Rutha L.

55

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) 13 Do you do any moderate-intensity sports, fitness or recreational (leisure) activities that causes a small increase in breathing or heart rate such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, volleyball) for at least 10 minutes continuously?

56

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Elderly Japanese (PAQ-EJ) 1 Over 7 typical days, how often did you take a walk or ride a bicycle on errands such as going to or from a store or taking children to school?

57

Life time suicidal thoughts in an urban community in Hanoi, Vietnam  

PubMed Central

Background Suicidal thought is a risk factor and a stage in the suicidal process from planning to attempting and dying by suicide. To date, studies on suicidal thought in the general population, especially in Asian communities, have been limited. Method The WHO SUPRE-MISS (the multisite intervention study on suicidal behaviours) community survey questionnaire was filled in for 2,280 randomly selected residents of the DongDa district of Hanoi, Vietnam by means of face-to-face interviews. This multi-factor questionnaire includes such variables as sociodemographic information, suicidal thought and history of suicide attempts, physical health, alcohol consumption and medication. Results Prevalence rates for life time suicidal thoughts, suicide plans and suicide attempts were 8.9%, 1.1% and 0.4% respectively. Suicidal thoughts are associated with multiple characteristics, such as female gender, single/widowed/separated/divorced marital status, low income, lifestyle (use of alcohol, sedatives and pain relief medication), but not with low education or employment status. Having no religion and being a Buddhist appear to be protective factors for suicidal thought. The ratio of suicidal thoughts, suicide plans and suicide attempts on a lifetime basis is 22.3:2.8:1. Conclusion In Vietnam, as in Western and other Asian countries, suicidal thoughts are associated with similar negative psychosocial risk factors, lifestyle and emotional problems, which implies that suicide preventive measure developed elsewhere can be adjusted to Vietnamese condition. Understanding the unique and common risks in a culture may assist in prediction and control. PMID:16563173

Thanh, Huong Tran Thi; Tran, Trung Nam; Jiang, Guo-Xin; Leenaars, Antoon; Wasserman, Danuta

2006-01-01

58

Beyond words: Sensory properties of depressive thoughts  

PubMed Central

Verbal thoughts (such as negative cognitions) and sensory phenomena (such as visual mental imagery) are usually conceptualised as distinct mental experiences. The present study examined to what extent depressive thoughts are accompanied by sensory experiences and how this is associated with symptom severity, insight of illness and quality of life. A large sample of mildly to moderately depressed patients (N = 356) was recruited from multiple sources and asked about sensory properties of their depressive thoughts in an online study. Diagnostic status and symptom severity were established over a telephone interview with trained raters. Sensory properties of negative thoughts were reported by 56.5% of the sample (i.e., sensation in at least one sensory modality). The highest prevalence was seen for bodily (39.6%) followed by auditory (30.6%) and visual (27.2%) sensations. Patients reporting sensory properties of thoughts showed more severe psychopathological symptoms than those who did not. The degree of perceptuality was marginally associated with quality of life. The findings support the notion that depressive thoughts are not only verbal but commonly accompanied by sensory experiences. The perceptuality of depressive thoughts and the resulting sense of authenticity may contribute to the emotional impact and pervasiveness of such thoughts, making them difficult to dismiss for their holder. PMID:24359124

Hörmann, Claudia Cecile; Schröder, Johanna; Berger, Thomas; Jacob, Gitta A.; Meyer, Björn; Holmes, Emily A.; Späth, Christina; Hautzinger, Martin; Lutz, Wolfgang; Rose, Matthias; Klein, Jan Philipp

2013-01-01

59

The Promise and Perils of Thought Experiments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of thought experiments are cited, some well-known, some not. These illustrate the power of thought experiments. Other examples are given that show some of the dangers. As well as examples from the science, some examples of visual reasoning from mathematics are also presented, again with an eye to illustrating their promise and perils.…

Brown, James Robert

2006-01-01

60

Musings: "Hasten Slowly:" Thoughtfully Planned Acceleration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acceleration is one of the best researched interventions for gifted students. The author is an advocate of acceleration. However, advocating for the thoughtful, carefully judged employment of a procedure with well researched effectiveness does not imply approval of cases where the procedure is used without sufficient thought--especially where it…

Gross, Miraca U. M.

2008-01-01

61

Using Questions to Depress Student Thought.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the traditional and prevailing view that teacher questions are effective stimulants to student thought. Through an examination of research, practice, and theory related to question use, the author develops a counterargument that questions inhibit thought and discussion, or at least do not stimulate student participation. (RH)

Dillon, J. T.

1978-01-01

62

Creative Thought: Structure, Components, and Educational Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews studies on the cognitive mechanisms underlying creative thought and proposes a general model. This model holds that creative thought involves interactions among a number of distinct cognitive components. Some of the implications of this model for the design of effective educational programs are discussed. (Author/CR)

Mumford, Michael D.

1998-01-01

63

Associative and conceptual organization in thought disorder.  

PubMed

Thought disorder has frequently been described either as a disturbance of associative response hierarchies or as an inability to deal with objects or events as representative of classes. The tendency of normal subjects to organize free recall by clustering associatively or conceptually related words suggested the recall task as a means to investigate these views of thought disorder. Two groups of psychiatric patients, one with high scores on Lovibond's version of the OST, one with low (thought-disordered and non-thought-disordered, respectively), were presented with randomly ordered word lists containing pairs related associatively and pairs related taxonomically. Thought-disordered and non-thought-disordered groups were not differentiated by any tendency to cluster more of one kind of pair than another. Rather, the thought-disordered showed a general lack of organization in recall, and significantly less improvement over trials in amount recalled. The results do not support the view that thought disorder is specifically a disorder of concept use or conceptual mediation. Research needs to be addressed to variables which affect the activation or inhibition of mediational links in thinking. PMID:1009290

Richards, B S

1976-09-01

64

Linking impulsivity to dysfunctional thought control and insomnia: a structural equation model.  

PubMed

According to cognitive models of insomnia, excessive mental activity at bedtime may be viewed as an important impediment to the process of falling asleep. A further assumption of these models is that 'cognitive arousal' may be perpetuated and exacerbated by counterproductive strategies of thought management. As yet, little is known about factors that may predispose people to rely on these strategies when confronted with thoughts that keep them awake at night. This study examined the relations between impulsivity, use of different thought-control strategies and insomnia severity. A sample of 391 university students completed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale, the Thought Control Questionnaire Insomnia-Revised and the Insomnia Severity Index. Correlation analyses revealed that two facets of impulsivity (urgency and lack of perseverance), two strategies of thought control (aggressive suppression and worry) and insomnia severity were positively associated. Follow-up structural equation modeling analyses showed that the two mentioned thought-control strategies mediated the effects of the two facets of impulsivity on sleep problems. These findings extend existing cognitive accounts of insomnia by suggesting how predisposing and perpetuating factors may be related: specific personality traits may incline individuals to respond with dysfunctional thought-control strategies to unwanted mental activity at night. PMID:19659917

Schmidt, Ralph E; Gay, Philippe; Ghisletta, Paolo; VAN DER Linden, Martial

2010-03-01

65

Using suggestion to model different types of automatic writing.  

PubMed

Our sense of self includes awareness of our thoughts and movements, and our control over them. This feeling can be altered or lost in neuropsychiatric disorders as well as in phenomena such as "automatic writing" whereby writing is attributed to an external source. Here, we employed suggestion in highly hypnotically suggestible participants to model various experiences of automatic writing during a sentence completion task. Results showed that the induction of hypnosis, without additional suggestion, was associated with a small but significant reduction of control, ownership, and awareness for writing. Targeted suggestions produced a double dissociation between thought and movement components of writing, for both feelings of control and ownership, and additionally, reduced awareness of writing. Overall, suggestion produced selective alterations in the control, ownership, and awareness of thought and motor components of writing, thus enabling key aspects of automatic writing, observed across different clinical and cultural settings, to be modelled. PMID:24657632

Walsh, E; Mehta, M A; Oakley, D A; Guilmette, D N; Gabay, A; Halligan, P W; Deeley, Q

2014-05-01

66

Development of a "Steps Questionnaire".  

PubMed

Thousands of men and women have begun their recovery from alcoholism through the support of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and its well-known "12-Step" program. The purpose of the present study was to develop a scale to measure alcoholics' levels of agreement with the first three of AA's 12 Steps and to test the relationship between sobriety and belief in these three steps. Using both factor analysis and Rasch analysis, two versions of a "Steps Questionnaire" were developed. A 96-member subset of the original subject pool was assessed quarterly for 1 year following inpatient treatment to determine the predictive validity of the questionnaire. The results of this study suggested that agreement with AA's first three steps can be measured and that agreement with AA's first step correlates with number of sober days posttreatment. The dichotomization of Steps Questionnaire scores into total agreement versus partial agreement with Step 1, and from this the reduction of uncertainty in the prediction of abstention over a lengthy follow-up period, provides support for AA's contention that total surrender to one's powerlessness over alcohol is part of the process of achieving abstention. PMID:1875709

Gilbert, F S

1991-07-01

67

The tendency to suppress, inhibiting thoughts, and dream rebound  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ironic control theory proposes that suppressing thoughts leads to increased occurrence of the suppressed thought because monitoring for the unwanted thought leads to intrusions. This study investigated the influence of suppressing unwanted thoughts on dream content. One hundred participants who had high or low levels of tendency to suppress unwanted thoughts nominated an intrusive thought, and half of the participants

Fiona Taylor; Richard A. Bryant

2007-01-01

68

Learning and the language of thought  

E-print Network

This thesis develops the hypothesis that key aspects of learning and development can be understood as rational statistical inferences over a compositionally structured representation system, a language of thought (LOT) ...

Piantadosi, Steven Thomas

2011-01-01

69

Food for Thought: Obesity and Addiction  

MedlinePLUS

... 20 April 2012 Food for Thought: Obesity and Addiction Source: Society for Neuroscience Could candy be addictive, ... that are similar to those seen with drug addiction. These findings are changing our understanding of what ...

70

Why Eppley and Hannah's thought experiment fails  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that Eppley and Hannah’s thought experiment establishing that gravity must be quantized is fatally flawed. The device they propose, even if built, cannot establish their claims, nor is it plausible that it can be built with any materials compatible with the values of c, ?, G. Finally the device, and any reasonable modification of it, would be so massive as to be within its own Schwarzschild radius—a fatal flaw for any thought experiment.

Mattingly, James

2006-03-01

71

Criteria for the Design of Mail Questionnaires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the elements required for a well-designed questionnaire, including appearance, question writing, organization, and cover letter. A checklist for effective questionnaire design is provided, as well as seven references. (BK)

Swisher, Robert

1980-01-01

72

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Frary, Robert

73

The development and initial validation of the cognitive fusion questionnaire.  

PubMed

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) emphasizes the relationship a person has with their thoughts and beliefs as potentially more relevant than belief content in predicting the emotional and behavioral consequences of cognition. In ACT, "defusion" interventions aim to "unhook" thoughts from actions and to create psychological distance between a person and their thoughts, beliefs, memories, and self-stories. A number of similar concepts have been described in the psychology literature (e.g., decentering, metacognition, mentalization, and mindfulness) suggesting converging evidence that how we relate to mental events may be of critical importance. While there are some good measures of these related processes, none of them provides an adequate operationalization of cognitive fusion. Despite the centrality of cognitive fusion in the ACT model, there is as yet no agreed-upon measure of cognitive fusion. This paper presents the construction and development of a brief, self-report measure of cognitive fusion: The Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ). The results of a series of studies involving over 1,800 people across diverse samples show good preliminary evidence of the CFQ's factor structure, reliability, temporal stability, validity, discriminant validity, and sensitivity to treatment effects. The potential uses of the CFQ in research and clinical practice are outlined. PMID:24411117

Gillanders, David T; Bolderston, Helen; Bond, Frank W; Dempster, Maria; Flaxman, Paul E; Campbell, Lindsey; Kerr, Sian; Tansey, Louise; Noel, Penelope; Ferenbach, Clive; Masley, Samantha; Roach, Louise; Lloyd, Joda; May, Lauraine; Clarke, Susan; Remington, Bob

2014-01-01

74

Research on human body templates automatic generating system based on AutoCAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

To generate human body templates automatically is very useful for analyzing and defining the position relationship between man and machine. Based on AutoCAD, this article introduces the design thoughts and the functional features of human body templates automatic generating system, explains the key problem the system solves, and supplies a solution for interactive adjustment of the human body templates.

Xun Liang; Xing Zhou

2008-01-01

75

Cognitive tools shape thought: diagrams in design.  

PubMed

Thinking often entails interacting with cognitive tools. In many cases, notably design, the predominant tool is the page. The page allows externalizing, organizing, and reorganizing thought. Yet, the page has its own properties that by expressing thought affect it: path, proximity, place, and permanence. The effects of these properties were evident in designs of information systems created by students Paths were interpreted as routes through components. Proximity was used to group subsystems. Horizontal position on the page was used to express temporal sequence and vertical position to reflect real-world spatial position. The permanence of designs on the page guided but also constrained generation of alternative designs. Cognitive tools both reflect and affect thought. PMID:23413002

Nickerson, Jeffrey V; Corter, James E; Tversky, Barbara; Rho, Yun-Jin; Zahner, Doris; Yu, Lixiu

2013-08-01

76

Automatic fluid dispenser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fluid automatically flows to individual dispensing units at predetermined times from a fluid supply and is available only for a predetermined interval of time after which an automatic control causes the fluid to drain from the individual dispensing units. Fluid deprivation continues until the beginning of a new cycle when the fluid is once again automatically made available at the individual dispensing units.

Sakellaris, P. C. (inventor)

1977-01-01

77

Are Automatic Imitation and Spatial Compatibility Mediated by Different Processes?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Automatic imitation or "imitative compatibility" is thought to be mediated by the mirror neuron system and to be a laboratory model of the motor mimicry that occurs spontaneously in naturalistic social interaction. Imitative compatibility and spatial compatibility effects are known to depend on different stimulus dimensions--body…

Cooper, Richard P.; Catmur, Caroline; Heyes, Cecilia

2013-01-01

78

19Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of Linguistics Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of  

E-print Network

19Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of Linguistics Externalist Thoughts and the Scope of Linguistics Kent Johnson Abstract A common assumption in metaphysics and the philosophy of language-how. This attempt fails because there appears to be no plausible bridge from the linguistic structure of knowledge

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

79

Beyond the Generation Gap: A Thoughtful Pedagogy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the needs of estranged youth, a group of Benjamin Tasker Middle School teachers created the Thoughtful Pedagogy Model. The program allows adolescents to reconstruct images of the adult world through self-exploration; participate in field trips, assembly programs, and adult/adolescent bonding activities; and experience the love and…

White-Hood, Marian

1994-01-01

80

Institutions and Schools of Thought: The Neogrammarians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The institutional conditions under which the Neogrammarian school of thought made its appearance in late nineteenth-century linguistics in Germany are examined. The emergence of the Neogrammarians is interpreted as the reaction of a well-placed, rising elite to the institutional changes transforming the study of philology at German universities.…

Amsterdamska, Olga

1985-01-01

81

Career Thoughts Inventory: A Review and Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous career interest measures are available. Information on one such career inventory, the Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI) is presented here. The instrument is a self-administered assessment and intervention tool designed to provide a measure of dysfunctional thinking in career problem solving and decision making. The inventory is intended for…

Gilbert, Helga Burke

82

Theory Acquisition and the Language of Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

Everyday knowledge about living things, physical objects and the beliefs and desires of other people appears to be organized into sophisticated systems that are often called intuitive the- ories. Two long term goals for psychological research are to understand how these theories are mentally represented, and how they are acquired. We argue that the language of thought hypothesis can help

Charles Kemp

83

AdultThought.ucsd.edu announces the  

E-print Network

AdultThought.ucsd.edu announces the Yes Virginia, No Gods Editorial Contest with $1000 in prizes is not comprehensible by their little minds. All minds, Virginia, whether they be men's or children's are little get your papa to hire men to watch in all the chimneys on Christmas eve to catch Santa Claus, but even

Gleeson, Joseph G.

84

MODERN CHRISTIAN THOUGHT Georgia State University  

E-print Network

the tradition of reflection on Christianity from the Enlightenment to the twentieth century. The course Thought: The Enlightenment and the Nineteenth Century, Fortress Press, 2006, paperback · Hans Urs von, "Ninety-five Theses" and "The Freedom of a Christian" from The Reformation Reader Enlightenment

Doyle, Robert

85

Thought Field Therapy: A Former Insider's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thought Field Therapy (TFT) is a novel therapy that employs finger tapping on purported acupressure points. Over the past decade, TFT, promoted on the Internet and through testimonials of fast cures, has gained popularity with therapists, including clinical social workers. Although TFT claims to cure a wide variety of psychological and physical…

Pignotti, Monica

2007-01-01

86

CHAPTER TWO Teaching Photosynthesis: Some Thoughts  

E-print Network

CHAPTER TWO Teaching Photosynthesis: Some Thoughts Govindjee J.F. Allen, E. Gantt, J.H. Golbeck, and B. Osmond (eds.), Photosynthesis. Energy from the Sun: 14th International Congress on Photosynthesis problems. Keywords Significance of photosynthesis, his- tory, students as molecules, web sites for teaching

Govindjee

87

Contextual Citizenship in Modern Islamic Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the concept of citizenship in Egyptian Islamic thought. It focuses on a group of intellectuals referred to as the ‘New Islamists’, who have articulated a kind of Islamic citizenship which would include non-Muslim minorities. In contrast to many Islamists, these thinkers do not advocate reviving the dhimma as a model for the treatment of non-Muslims within an

Rachel M. Scott

2007-01-01

88

Building and mining web-based questionnaires and surveys with SySQ.  

PubMed

A questionnaire is a method for collecting data that can come from many sources such as observations, telephone interviews or documentary sources. Whatever the source of data is, the questionnaire provides a framework of questions that facilitate researcher's work. A manual approach for collecting data using questionnaire presents some limitations and introduces several sources of errors. A second issue regards the statistical and data mining of data that often is conducted using different tools than the questionnaire system, which may introduce errors in the analysis pipeline. For instance, common methods applied to data set concern the normality test, the association and correlation discovery, linear regression, classification and clustering. Usually this analysis is performed using external tools, often not free, such as SPSS, SAS, STATA, Weka, or Clementine.We present a web-based software system, to automatize the analysis pipeline and to support researchers involved in the collection of questionnaire data, such as in epidemiology, aiming to reduce the errors listed above and including some basic functions to conduct statistical analysis on collected data. Our system allows researchers to create questionnaires, adding sections and structured questions. It provides a preview of the questionnaire, the exportation of saved data into statistical software compatible formats, or it permits to analyze them directly applying statistical methods and common data mining techniques from the main interface. PMID:24307414

Sarica, Alessia; Guzzi, Pietro Hiram; Cannataro, Mario

2013-09-01

89

Cancer-Related Intrusive Thoughts Predict Behavioral Symptoms Following Breast Cancer Treatment  

PubMed Central

Objective Behavioral symptoms are common in breast cancer survivors, including disturbances in energy, sleep, and mood, though few risk factors for these negative outcomes have been identified. Our study examined intrusive thoughts as a predictor of lingering symptoms in breast cancer survivors in the year following treatment. Method Data come from the Moving Beyond Cancer psychoeducational intervention trial, aimed at easing the transition from patient to survivor. Women (n = 558) completed psychosocial questionnaires within 4 weeks posttreatment and again 2, 6, and 12 months later. We examined intrusive thoughts about cancer at the baseline assessment as a predictor of fatigue, sleep problems, pain, breast cancer-specific symptoms, depressive symptoms, negative affect, and quality of life using growth curve modeling, controlling for study condition and other covariates. Results Intrusive thoughts were associated with higher levels of all symptoms at baseline and at the 12-month assessment. Intrusive thoughts also influenced the trajectory of pain, depressive symptoms, negative affect, and physical functioning over time; women with higher intrusions at baseline started worse and improved over time, whereas those with lower intrusions remained at a constant, lower level over time. Intrusions were not associated with the trajectory of fatigue, sleep, breast cancer-specific symptoms, or mental functioning; women with higher intrusions at baseline started worse and remained worse over time. Conclusion Intrusive thoughts are associated with enduring elevations in behavioral symptoms and impaired quality of life in the year after breast cancer treatment and may be a risk factor for poor outcomes. PMID:23379385

Dupont, Alexandra; Bower, Julienne E.; Stanton, Annette L.; Ganz, Patricia A.

2013-01-01

90

AUTOMATICITY III: POLYNOMIAL AUTOMATICITY AND CONTEXTFREE  

E-print Network

, automaticity has proved useful in obtaining nontrivial lower bounds. For example, in Dwork & Stockmeyer (1989) , Dwork & Stockmeyer (1990), and Kaneps & Freivalds (1991) the measure was used to obtain lower bounds

Shallit, Jeffrey O.

91

Evaluation of a gastrointestinal symptoms questionnaire.  

PubMed

Questionnaires are widely used instruments to monitor gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. However, few of these questionnaires have been formally evaluated. We sought to evaluate our GI symptoms questionnaire in terms of clarity and reproducibility. Primary care patients referred for open access Helicobacter pylori urea breath testing reported GI symptoms (type+severity) and demographic information by written questionnaire. In an interview, patients gave a personal description of the meaning of the GI symptoms on the questionnaire. Patients' descriptions of GI symptoms were compared with current definitions. Symptom severity scores were compared before and after, interview versus questionnaire. Of the 45 patients included, 19 (42%) described all symptoms correctly, whereas 17 (38%) described one symptom incorrectly. None of the patients made more than three mistakes. Regurgitation was the most common incorrectly described symptom (16 patients [36%]), whereas the other individual symptoms were well explained. Symptom severities before the interview, after the interview and reported by questionnaire (mean value+/-SEM) were 2.1 +/- 0.2, 2.1 +/- 0.2, and 1.5 +/- 0.2 points on a 7-point Likert scale (0-6), respectively. Mean severity reported by interview (95% CI) was 1.4 (1.3-1.5) times higher than reported by questionnaire (P < .05). In conclusion, the GI symptom questionnaire is understandable and has good reproducibility for measuring the presence of GI symptoms, although symptom severity is consistently rated higher when reported by interview. PMID:16927133

Bovenschen, H J; Janssen, M J R; van Oijen, M G H; Laheij, R J F; van Rossum, L G M; Jansen, J B M J

2006-09-01

92

Emphasising Personal Investment Effects Weight Loss and Hedonic Thoughts about Food after Obesity Surgery  

PubMed Central

Obesity surgery is the most effective treatment method for the severely obese but does not work for everyone. Indications are that weight-loss success may be related to individuals' sense of investment in surgery, with failure linked to higher automatic hedonic motivations to consume food and greater susceptibility to food in the environment. A pilot study using an independent experimental design recruited bariatric surgery patients (n = 91) via a UK obesity-surgery charity website who were randomly allocated to either the intervention or the control condition. The intervention involved raising the salience of the personal investment made in having weight-loss surgery in an attempt to reduce automatic hedonic thoughts about food and aid weight loss. Data was collected initially with subsequent weight loss measured at 3 months of follow-up. Following the intervention, participants reported significantly reduced hedonic thoughts, increased liking for low-fat foods, reduced liking of high-fat food, and higher self-efficacy for achieving sustained weight loss than controls. By 3 months, this was translated into significant differences in mean weight losses of 6.77?kg for the intervention group and 0.91?kg for control participants. To conclude, a quick simple cost-effective intervention encouraging participants to focus on investment helped weight loss and changed hedonic thoughts about food in bariatric patients. PMID:24987525

2014-01-01

93

Natural Language Processing with Thought Treasure  

Microsoft Academic Search

ThoughtTreasure is a comprehensive platform for natural language processing and commonsense reasoning. It includes: (1) an ontology of 25,000 concepts, (2) a lexicon of 55,000 English and French words and phrases, (3) 50,000 commonsense assertions, (4) a syntactic and semantic parser, (5) agents for understanding particular domains, and (6) an English and French generator. This book describes the features and

Erik T. Mueller

1998-01-01

94

Cognitive assessment of social anxiety: Development and validation of a self-statement questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent emphasis on cognitive factors in the treatment of emotional problems has stimulated the development of cognitive assessment techniques. This paper presents the development and initial validation of an instrument to assess self-statements about social interactions. The 30-item questionnaire contains 15 positive (facilitative) and 15 negative (inhibitory) self-statements that were derived from subjects who listed thoughts while imagining difficult

Carol R. Glass; Thomas V. Merluzzi; Joan L. Biever; Kathryn H. Larsen

1982-01-01

95

Development of a Measure of the Motives Underlying the Selection of Food: the Food Choice Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of factors are thought to influence people's dietary choices, including health, cost, convenience and taste, but there are no measures that address health-related and non-health-related factors in a systematic fashion. This paper describes the development of a multidimensional measure of motives related to food choice. The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) was developed through factor analysis of responses from

ANDREW STEPTOE; TESSA M. POLLARD; JANE WARDLE

1995-01-01

96

Abstracting Digital Movies Automatically  

Microsoft Academic Search

ing Digital Movies AutomaticallyS. Pfeioeer, R. Lienhart, S. Fischer und W. EoeelsbergUniversit#t MannheimPraktische Informatik IVL 15, 16D-68131 MannheimAbstracting Digital Movies AutomaticallySilvia Pfeioeer, Rainer Lienhart, Stephan Fischer andWolfgang EoeelsbergPraktische Informatik IVUniversity of MannheimD-68131 Mannheimpfeiffer@pi4.informatik.uni-mannheim.deAbstractLarge video on demand databases consisting of thousands of digital moviesare not easy to handle: the...

Reihe Informatik S. Pfeioeer; R. Lienhart; S. Fischer Und W. Eoeelsberg

1996-01-01

97

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

98

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

99

A Nutritional Questionnaire for Older Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a questionnaire assessing nutritional knowledge and eating behaviors of older adults. The questionnaire consists of six sections: demographic and personal information, food resources, food consumption patterns, dietary practices related to health, activity patterns, and nutritional knowledge. Study results demonstrating the…

Fanelli, Marie T.; Abernethy, Marilyn M.

1986-01-01

100

PREDICTION OF RELIABILITY IN BIOGRAPHICAL QUESTIONNAIRES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE (1) TO DEVELOP A GENERAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR LIFE HISTORY ITEMS, (2) TO DETERMINE TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY ESTIMATES, AND (3) TO ESTIMATE RESISTANCE TO EXAMINEE FAKING, FOR REPRESENTATIVE BIOGRAPHICAL QUESTIONNAIRES. TWO 100-ITEM QUESTIONNAIRES WERE CONSTRUCTED THROUGH RANDOM ASSIGNMENT BY CONTENT AREA OF 200…

STARRY, ALLAN R.

101

The Authority of the Student Evaluation Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the use of the student evaluation questionnaire as a means of teacher evaluation through the views of two university lecturers. Findings suggest that the use of student evaluation questionnaires as a means of summative and comparative appraisal has several negative implications for lecturers' understandings of teaching and their…

Johnson, Rachel

2000-01-01

102

Automatic differentiation bibliography  

SciTech Connect

This is a bibliography of work related to automatic differentiation. Automatic differentiation is a technique for the fast, accurate propagation of derivative values using the chain rule. It is neither symbolic nor numeric. Automatic differentiation is a fundamental tool for scientific computation, with applications in optimization, nonlinear equations, nonlinear least squares approximation, stiff ordinary differential equation, partial differential equations, continuation methods, and sensitivity analysis. This report is an updated version of the bibliography which originally appeared in Automatic Differentiation of Algorithms: Theory, Implementation, and Application.

Corliss, G.F. [comp.

1992-07-01

103

Starting A New Project: Thoughts from NGST  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some key elements of the history of NGST (Next Generation Space Telescope) that made a new mission possible will be reviewed, from the very beginnings to the present moment in the middle of selecting a prime contractor. A few forecasts of the possible discoveries will be made that may precede the launch of a new UV telescope, in hopes of inspiring sufficiently ambitious goals that they will still be exciting in 15 or 20 years. We will also discuss the enabling technology for NGST and my thoughts on enabling technology for a UV telescope Flint: they are not all about detectors and Mirrors!

Mather, John C.; Oegerle, William (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

104

Creativity and innovation: thought and action.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to discuss the significance of creativity and innovation in contemporary health care contexts, and to provide nurses and other health care professionals with models, resources, and ways of thinking about creativity that informs the development of an innovation-action and creative thinking mind-set. As the complexity of health care and nursing escalates, health care providers are challenged to think more creatively and develop innovations that advance the knowledge, learning, and service contributions of their discipline to the health care enterprise. Nursing requires creative thought and innovative action in service of the greater good. PMID:24400465

Pesut, Daniel J

2013-01-01

105

AMETHYST: automatic alarm assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the AMETHYST (AutoMatic Event auTHentication sYSTem) project is to encourage the development of a high-performance, perimeter-alarm verification system that, using computer-vision, automatically rejects false alarms. AMETHYST will pass to an operator only those alarms that are caused by an intruder.

S. Mockler; N. Clarke

2002-01-01

106

AIAA 960409 Automatic Aerodynamic  

E-print Network

AIAA 96­0409 Automatic Aerodynamic Optimization on Distributed Memory Architectures Antony Jameson­0409 Automatic Aerodynamic Optimization on Distributed Memory Architectures Antony Jameson and Juan J. Alonso. The Euler equations and the resulting adjoint equations necessary to calculate the Frechet derivatives

Jameson, Antony

107

More than words? Hypomanic personality traits, visual imagery and verbal thought in young adults.  

PubMed

The use of visual mental imagery has been proposed to be a risk factor for the development of bipolar disorder, due to its potential to amplify affective states. This study examined the relation between visual imagery (both trait usage and intrusive experiences of such imagery), intrusive verbal thought, and hypomania, as assessed by self-report questionnaires, in a sample of young adults (N=219). Regression analyses found (after controlling for anxiety, depression, and positive and negative affect) that levels of intrusive visual imagery predicted levels of hypomania, but that neither trait use of visual imagery nor intrusive verbal thought did. These results were consistent with the proposal that being a 'visualiser', as opposed to a 'verbaliser', is a risk factor for bipolar disorder, with the caveat that it is specifically intrusive experiences of imagery, rather than the tendency to utilize imagery per se, that acts as a risk factor. PMID:22850327

McCarthy-Jones, Simon; Knowles, Rebecca; Rowse, Georgina

2012-09-01

108

Self-generated thoughts and depression: from daydreaming to depressive symptoms  

PubMed Central

Human minds often engage in thoughts and feelings that are self-generated rather than stimulus-dependent, such as daydreaming. Recent research suggests that under certain circumstances, daydreaming is associated with adverse effects on cognition and affect. Based on recent literature about the influence of resting mind in relation to rumination and depression, this questionnaire study investigated mechanisms linking daydreaming to depressive symptoms. Specifically, an indirect effect model was tested in which daydreaming influences depressive symptoms through enhancing self-focus and ruminative thought. Results were in line with the hypothesis and several alternative pathways were ruled out. The results provide initial supportive evidence that daydreaming can influence depressive symptoms through influences on self-focus and rumination. Further research should use prospective or experimental designs to further validate and strengthen these conclusions. PMID:24672458

Marchetti, Igor; Van de Putte, Eowyn; Koster, Ernst H. W.

2014-01-01

109

The functional anatomy and connectivity of thought insertion and alien control of movement.  

PubMed

Alien control phenomena are symptoms reported by patients with schizophrenia whereby feelings of control and ownership of thoughts and movements are lost. Comparable alien control experiences occur in culturally influenced dissociative states. We used fMRI and suggestions for automatic writing in highly hypnotically suggestible individuals to investigate the neural underpinnings of alien control. Targeted suggestions selectively reduced subjective ratings of control and ownership for both thought and movement. Thought insertion (TI) was associated with reduced activation of networks supporting language, movement, and self-related processing. In contrast, alien control of writing movement was associated with increased activity of a left-lateralised cerebellar-parietal network and decreased activity in brain regions involved in voluntary movement, including sensory-motor hand areas and the thalamus. Both experiences involved a reduction in activity of left supplementary motor area (SMA) and were associated with altered functional connectivity (FC) between SMA and brain regions involved in language processing and movement implementation. Collectively these results indicate the SMA plays a central role in alien control phenomena as a high level executive system involved in the sense that we control and own our thoughts and movements. PMID:25438744

Walsh, Eamonn; Oakley, David A; Halligan, Peter W; Mehta, Mitul A; Deeley, Quinton

2014-10-01

110

Screening Questionnaires for Parkinsonism: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common, treatable movement disorder that often remains undiagnosed despite clinically manifest symptoms. Screening for parkinsonism could lead to improved detection and earlier treatment, and facilitate research studies of PD prevalence. In order to determine the feasibility of screening, this study evaluated the validity of previously developed screening questionnaires. We systematically searched online databases PubMed and EMBASE for English-language studies published between 1980 and 2009. In each database a “Parkinson(s) disease” or “parkinsonism” term was combined with a screening term (“screening instrument,” screening questionnaire,” “screen” or “prevalence survey”) and a validity term (“validation,” “sensitivity” and “specificity”). Included studies reported the psychometric properties of at least one self-report questionnaire for parkinsonism. Twenty-seven studies met the inclusion criteria. From these studies, 9 screening questionnaires were identified. Sensitivity and specificity estimates varied widely. Sensitivity estimates were as high as 100% when questionnaires were tested among previously diagnosed PD patients and included a high number of parkinsonism-specific items, but were as low as 48% when tested among early cases in a community-based sample. Specificity estimates were lower, ranging from 22–100%. An older sample, presence of multiple co-morbid conditions and lower literacy led to lower specificity estimates. Higher specificity estimates were seen when the screening questionnaires were administered by a physician. Screening questionnaires can detect symptomatic parkinsonism. However, the performance of these questionnaires varied based on the individual items, study sample, and method of administration. The performance of screening questionnaires in the detection of early or mild parkinsonism was modest. PMID:21930414

Dahodwala, Nabila; Siderowf, Andrew; Baumgarten, Mona; Abrams, Aaron; Karlawish, Jason

2011-01-01

111

[On Mao Zedong's thoughts about population].  

PubMed

The historical position for Comrade Mao Zedong's thoughts about population cannot be ignored. History has told us that the Party and Government of China have always treated the problem of birth control and family planning seriously. In 1957, Chairman Mao lectured both inside and outside the Party on the importance of family planning. Regulations were drafted to govern the excercise of family planning. According to these regulations, people who live in the populated areas should be educated concerning the need for and practice of birth control, and they should have children according to family planning regulations. In this way, the overburden for families may be reduced, the younger generation may receive a better education, and they will have sufficient employment opportunities when they grow up. In the areas inhabited by ethnic minorities, and exception should be made as far as family planning is concerned. In general, family planning should be integrated as a part of the overall plan for the development of the national economy. On the need for emphasizing both quantity and quality in population policy, Mao Zedong pointed out that people should learn how to manage material production and how to "manage themselves." Such thoughts of Mao Zedong provide an essential guideline in China's revolution and social construction. PMID:12159379

Qin, R

1984-03-29

112

EXIT INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE FACULTY AND STAFF  

E-print Network

&T to a friend or colleague? Yes No Please explain. _____ 14. What most helped you achieve your goals at Missouri1 EXIT INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE ­ FACULTY AND STAFF Missouri University of Science and Technology

Missouri-Rolla, University of

113

Physical Activity Questionnaires (PAQ) Validation Studies - References  

Cancer.gov

Wareham NJ, Jakes RW, Rennie KL et al. Validity and repeatability of a simple index derived from the short physical activity questionnaire used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.

114

Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database  

Cancer.gov

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items concerning walking and biking from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items assessing duration and frequency of walking and bicycling in the non-disabled adult population. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

115

Two channel EEG thought pattern classifier.  

PubMed

This paper presents a real-time electro-encephalogram (EEG) identification system with the goal of achieving hands free control. With two EEG electrodes placed on the scalp of the user, EEG signals are amplified and digitised directly using a ProComp+ encoder and transferred to the host computer through the RS232 interface. Using a real-time multilayer neural network, the actual classification for the control of a powered wheelchair has a very fast response. It can detect changes in the user's thought pattern in 1 second. Using only two EEG electrodes at positions O(1) and C(4) the system can classify three mental commands (forward, left and right) with an accuracy of more than 79 % PMID:17946455

Craig, D A; Nguyen, H T; Burchey, H A

2006-01-01

116

Autism, Movement, Time and Thought 71 Rfrence du chapitre  

E-print Network

Autism, Movement, Time and Thought 71 Référence du chapitre : Gepner B. & Tardif C. (2006). Autism, movement, time and thought. E-motion mis-sight and other temporo-spatial processing disorders in autism. In-30). AUTISM, MOVEMENT, TIME AND THOUGHT E-MOTION MIS-SIGHT AND OTHER TEMPORO- SPATIAL PROCESSING DISORDERS

Boyer, Edmond

117

History of Economic Thought Econ 426, Binghamton University, Fall 2010  

E-print Network

-1- History of Economic Thought Econ 426, Binghamton University, Fall 2010 Instructor: Dr. Florenz: A History of Economic Theory and Method, 5th ed., 2007, Waveland Press ($82.95). You can use a copy of the 4 on the History of Economic Thought (e.g. History of Economic Thought by Harry Landreth and David Colander [any

Suzuki, Masatsugu

118

Automatic amino acid analyzer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analyzer operates unattended or up to 15 hours. It has an automatic sample injection system and can be programmed. All fluid-flow valve switching is accomplished pneumatically from miniature three-way solenoid pilot valves.

Berdahl, B. J.; Carle, G. C.; Oyama, V. I.

1971-01-01

119

Harvard University Respiratory Protection Program Medical Evaluation Questionnaire  

E-print Network

Harvard University Respiratory Protection Program Medical Evaluation Questionnaire Medical No Instructions: All employees must be medically evaluated prior to use of respiratory protection. Employees may University Respiratory Protection Program Medical Evaluation Questionnaire Medical Evaluation Questionnaire

Heller, Eric

120

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section...Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for...

2010-01-01

121

CHAPTER TWO Teaching Photosynthesis: Some Thoughts  

E-print Network

Abstract ‘Life is Bottled Sunshine ’ is a fourword summary of the significance of photosynthesis for life on Earth. We all know the importance of the audio visual tools for communicating scientific principles to the students. During my 40 years of teaching BS to PhD level students, I have found that they have learned some of the photosynthesis concepts faster and with ease when they were encouraged to imagine themselves either (a) as molecules participating in exciton transfer from antenna to reaction center molecules, or as electrons/ protons moving through the Z-scheme; or (b) as scientists of the past describing their own results. Further, the inclusion of analogies, photographs and personal aspects of the discoverers fascinates students as they absorb the scientific concepts. In addition, simple movies such as those showing Photosystem II, exciton transfer, and rotating ATP Synthase imprint the dynamic nature of the processes in their minds. In this Chapter, I discuss some thoughts about teaching. In my experience, a

unknown authors

122

Development of the young spine questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years. PMID:23758965

2013-01-01

123

FRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire FRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire  

E-print Network

situations Inspired students to set and achieve goals which really challenged them. Asked students to share to real life situations. (M) Inspired students to set and achieve goals which really challenged them. (MFRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire FRINQ End-of-year Questionnaire Dear Student, In order to help us

124

Assessment of fear of fear in agoraphobics: The Body Sensations Questionnaire and the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire, companion measures for assessing aspects of fear of fear (panic attacks) in agoraphobics. The instruments were administered to 175 agoraphobics (mean age 37.64 yrs) and 43 controls (mean age 36.13 yrs) who were similar in sex and marital status to experimental Ss. Results show that the instruments

Dianne L. Chambless; G. Craig Caputo; Priscilla Bright; Richard Gallagher

1984-01-01

125

Reliability of the Conflict Resolution Questionnaire: Considerations for Using and Developing Internet-Based Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current information age, there is a growing use of and reliance on the Internet. One area of concern for educators is the communication of information using an electronic questionnaire interface. Therefore, it seems pertinent to look at the issue of dissemination of Internet questionnaire information and the integrity of this process.…

Henning, Marcus

2004-01-01

126

Is Automatic Fitting Automatic in Model Optimization?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) relies on the application of mathematical models, both empirical and mechanistic. The Hydrologic Simulation Program-FORTRAN (HSPF) is the most comprehensive and most frequently applied model in the development of TMDLs involving nonpoint sources. While the calibration of HSPF is generally a subjective process, criteria are not well defined, and the fitting of parameters is often not systematic or reproducible. The estimation of HSPF parameters is based on average values obtained from soil databases, results from past studies or by subjective fitting, and the accuracy of the subjective calibration depends on the skill and qualifications of the modeler. With advancements in computer capabilities, subjective fitting is being replaced by objective calibration using model-independent parameter estimators, based on the theory of non-linear parameter estimation and inverse modeling. Better and more extensive data analyses are possible with objective calibration, but this does not eliminate the need to understand the model structure, sensitivity, and comparison of alternative fitting criteria. Automatic fitting methodologies can help the user to understand the system and to infer the model parameters in a more consistent way than subjective optimization. The Parameter Estimator (PEST), a model-independent parameter optimizer was used to calibrate an HSPF application. Prior to the optimization, sensitivity analyses were performed on the HSPF hydrologic parameters to determine which parameters should be optimized. To set the PEST objective function, it is required to use a predefined criteria: (1) linearity between the actual and model-predicted discharges, (2) monthly volumes, and (3) frequency or exceedance of discharge. Weights for each of these three criteria, which provided similar contributions to the optimization function, were selected by trial and error. The subjective and automatic calibrations were evaluated using the relative bias and relative standard error for peak flows, base flows, and all flows. Results indicated that although the "automatic" optimization still carries a lot of subjectivity, the efficiency of the calibration process was increased. The proper use of automatic fitting requires an understanding of the objective functions, the model sensitivity for the watershed being studied, and the quantity and quality of the data. Failure to consider these factors during the optimization process, can lead to truly non-optimal solutions, even solutions that are less accurate than subjectively calibrated parameters.

GUTIERREZ-M, A. L.; McCuen, R. H.

2002-05-01

127

TICS modelling : Conception of questionnaire Sylvie Damy  

E-print Network

TICS modelling : Conception of questionnaire Sylvie Damy Associate professor in Computer Science Techniques ­ 16 Route de Gray- F-25030 Besançon cedex Introduction Within the framework of the action "TICS. The modelling of the "Territorial Intelligence Community Systems", or TICS is useful to transcribe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

128

University of Michigan Drug Education Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses attitudes toward potential drug education programs and drug use practices in college students. The 87 items (multiple choice or free response) pertain to the history and extent of usage of 27 different drugs, including two non-existent drugs which may be utilized as a validity check; attitude toward the content, format,…

Francis, John Bruce; Patch, David J.

129

Diagnosis of Twin Zygosity by Mailed Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A deterministic questionnaire method for zygosity determination is developed for use in epidemiological studies of adult twins. It is based on the answers of both members of a twin pair to two questions on similarity and confusion in childhood. The algorithm of the method is used to determine the zygosity status of a twin pair at two different levels of

Seppo Sarna; Jaakko Kaprio; Pertti Sistonen; Markku Koskenvuo

1978-01-01

130

Assessing Caregiver Information Needs: A Brief Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diagnostic evaluation for a person with suspected Alzheimer's disease is usually initiated by family members whose concerns go beyond strictly medical issues. To determine precisely what questions families want answered, a 15-point questionnaire was developed at a multi-disciplinary geriatric assessment clinic. Caregivers were asked to rate each…

Simonton, Linda J.; Haugland, S. M.

131

Print Name_______________________________________________________________________________ (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire)  

E-print Network

-Q (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire) YES NO 1. Has your doctor ever said that you have a heart condition and that you should only do physical activity recommended by a doctor? 2. Do you feel pain in your chest when you do physical activity? 3. In the past month, have you had chest pain when you were

132

Canadian Version of the Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

The Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) and the DHQ nutrient database were modified for use in Canada through the collaborative efforts of Dr. Amy Subar and staff at the Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, and Dr. Ilona Csizmadi and colleagues in the Division of Population Health and Information at the Alberta Cancer Board in Canada.

133

The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.  

PubMed

Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

2014-04-01

134

INSURANCE & CLAIMS MANAGEMENT SPECIAL EVENTS QUESTIONNAIRE  

E-print Network

INSURANCE & CLAIMS MANAGEMENT SPECIAL EVENTS QUESTIONNAIRE TODAY'S DATE: / / 1. TITLE OF EVENT: 2. IS THERE AN ADMISSION CHARGE? YES NO IF YES, AMOUNT OF ADMISSION? 17. SPONSOR INSURED BY: 18. ADDRESS OF INSURER: INSURANCE & CLAIMS MGT. WILL DETERMINE INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS AND MAY REQUIRE CERTIFICATES OF INSURANCE

135

ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire  

E-print Network

ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire rev AA.01 2013/04/02 GUIDELINES which exceed the normal schedule by completing this Energy Exception Request and submitting it to the Office of Energy Management. Energy Management will prepare a cost analysis and return

Rock, Chris

136

DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________________  

E-print Network

DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE and/or efficacy of a drug? A. If yes, is the testing, study, evaluation or research primarily for use in pharmaceutical pre-market clearance applications to the Food and Drug Administration? 2. Is drug administered

Acton, Scott

137

Cardiff's TELEform: Scanning the Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Software, such as Cardiff's TELEform Information Capture System, is available to create and print a scannable version of the Diet History Questionnaire form. To create booklets, you may still need to hire a professional printer. Using TELEform, you will be able to scan the instrument with an imaging scanner (contact Cardiff for specifications).

138

Rasch Based Analysis of Reading Ability Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the results of a questionnaire on reading ability in English by Japanese college students, which was formerly analyzed using raw scores, from the viewpoint of Rasch measured scores. In the Rasch analysis, the basic requirements for measuring are the following: (1) reduction of experience to one dimensional abstraction; (2)…

Nakamura, Yuji

2000-01-01

139

IRON AND STEEL EFFLUENT GUIDELINES ECONOMIC QUESTIONNAIRE  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Purpose: This information acquired via the questionnaire is used to support development of the effluent guidelines for the Iron and Steel Point Source Category (40CFR Part 420). One of the statutory decision criteria for the adoption of a best available treatment t...

140

Psychometric Normalization of a Hyperacusis Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical hyperacusis consists of a marked intolerance to ordinary environmental sounds, while hearing thresholds are quite often normal. Hyperacusis appears to be a subjective phenomenon, which is not easily defined or quantified by objective measurements. In order to create a tool suitable to quantify and evaluate various hyperacusis symptoms, a questionnaire screening several aspects of auditory symptomatology has been constructed.

S. Khalfa; S. Dubal; E. Veuillet; F. Perez-Diaz; R. Jouvent; L. Collet

2002-01-01

141

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

142

Utah Drop-Out Drug Use Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices in high school drop-outs. The 79 items (multiple choice or apply/not apply) are concerned with demographic data and use, use history, reasons for use/nonuse, attitudes toward drugs, availability of drugs, and drug information with respect to narcotics, amphetamines, LSD, Marijuana, and barbiturates.…

Governor's Citizen Advisory Committee on Drugs, Salt Lake City, UT.

143

PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had  

E-print Network

PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had swim lessons before? Yes No Is your child com- fortable in the water? Parent/child or level 1 class No Level 1 class Yes Does your child put their face in the water? No Level 2 class Yes Can your child swim underwater, swim Front crawl, and back crawl? No Level 3 class Yes

Saldin, Dilano

144

Effective Schools Questionnaires, 1981-82.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five questionnaires based on Ronald Edmonds' work on "effective schools" were developed for elementary and secondary students, teachers, principals, and parents. They were designed to assess the perceptions of each group on the five areas identified by Edmonds as distinguishing effective and ineffective schools for students from low-income…

Austin Independent School District, TX. Office of Research and Evaluation.

145

Automatic plate measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A working model of an automatic device for measuring astronomical plates has been developed and built which performs the functions of photometry and image diameter and coordinate determination. The model consists of a system for obtaining an accurate position, a scanner and a small computer, and is capable of operating in the automatic and semiautomatic modes. The image coordinates for a point object may be determined with an rms error of less than 1 micron, with an average time for object search and measurement of 20-30 sec. Measurements of the phases of the asteroid 39 Laetitia have demonstrated that the instrument is capable of measurements with precisions exceeding those in present star catalogs. The instrument is thus suitable for the automatic preparation of photographic reference star catalogs.

Rizvanov, N. G.; Sergeev, A. V.

1981-02-01

146

Does mindfulness attenuate thoughts emphasizing negativity, but not positivity?  

PubMed

The current research investigated whether mindfulness is differentially associated with thoughts that emphasize positive or negative valence. In Study 1, trait mindfulness was inversely associated with negative rumination but unassociated with positive rumination, controlling for state affect. In Study 2, participants completed either a mindful breathing meditation or a comparable control exercise, followed by a thought listing while viewing affective images. Compared to the control condition, the mindfulness condition listed proportionately fewer negative thoughts, particularly in response to negative images, and more non-valenced thoughts. The conditions did not differ in their proportions of positive thoughts. These results suggest that mindfulness may attenuate thoughts that emphasize negativity but not those that emphasize positivity. PMID:25284906

Kiken, Laura G; Shook, Natalie J

2014-12-01

147

Strategies of thought control in obsessive-compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intrusive anxiety-provoking thoughts are a core feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Recent research suggests that individuals use five different techniques of thought control including: distraction, punishment, re-appraisal, social control, and worry. The purpose of the present study was to examine the strategies of thought control used by OCD patients compared to those used by non-anxious controls. In addition, the relationship

Nader Amir; Laurie Cashman; Edna B. Foa

1997-01-01

148

Solar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting Questionnaire As someone who is familiar with solar energy issues, we hope that you will tak  

E-print Network

Page 1 Solar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting QuestionnaireSolar Resource and Forecasting Questionnaire As someone who is familiar with solar energy issues, we hope that you will take a few moments to answer this short survey

Islam, M. Saif

149

An emotion-differentiated perspective on empathy with the emotion specific empathy questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Empathy refers to the thoughts and feelings of one individual in response to the observed (emotional) experiences of another individual. Empathy, however, can occur toward persons experiencing a variety of emotions, raising the question of whether or not empathy can be emotion specific. This paper discusses theoretical and empirical support for the emotion specificity of empathy. We present a new measure, the Emotion Specific Empathy questionnaire, which assesses affective and cognitive empathy for the six basic emotions. This paper presents the measure's psychometric qualities and demonstrates, through a series of models, the discriminant validity between emotion specific empathies suggesting empathy is emotion specific. Results and implications are discussed. PMID:25071632

Olderbak, Sally; Sassenrath, Claudia; Keller, Johannes; Wilhelm, Oliver

2014-01-01

150

Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN): a reliable factor-analysis based synaesthesia questionnaire.  

PubMed

Synaesthesia is a heterogeneous phenomenon, even when considering one particular sub-type. The purpose of this study was to design a reliable and valid questionnaire for grapheme-colour synaesthesia that captures this heterogeneity. By the means of a large sample of 628 synaesthetes and a factor analysis, we created the Coloured Letters and Numbers (CLaN) questionnaire with 16 items loading on 4 different factors (i.e., localisation, automaticity/attention, deliberate use, and longitudinal changes). These factors were externally validated with tests which are widely used in the field of synaesthesia research. The questionnaire showed good test-retest reliability and construct validity (i.e., internally and externally). Our findings are discussed in the light of current theories and new ideas in synaesthesia research. More generally, the questionnaire is a useful tool which can be widely used in synaesthesia research to reveal the influence of individual differences on various performance measures and will be useful in generating new hypotheses. PMID:23938277

Rothen, Nicolas; Tsakanikos, Elias; Meier, Beat; Ward, Jamie

2013-09-01

151

Automatic multiple applicator electrophoresis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Easy-to-use, economical device permits electrophoresis on all known supporting media. System includes automatic multiple-sample applicator, sample holder, and electrophoresis apparatus. System has potential applicability to fields of taxonomy, immunology, and genetics. Apparatus is also used for electrofocusing.

Grunbaum, B. W.

1977-01-01

152

Reactor component automatic grapple  

DOEpatents

A grapple for handling nuclear reactor components in a medium such as liquid sodium which, upon proper seating and alignment of the grapple with the component as sensed by a mechanical logic integral to the grapple, automatically seizes the component. The mechanical logic system also precludes seizure in the absence of proper seating and alignment.

Greenaway, Paul R. (Bethel Park, PA)

1982-01-01

153

Abstracting Digital Movies Automatically  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large video-on-demand databases consisting of thousands of digital movies are not easy to handle: the user must have an attractive means of retrieving his movie of choice. For analog video, movie trailers are produced to allow a quick preview and perhaps stimulate possible buyers. This paper presents techniques for automatically producing such movie abstracts of digital videos.

Silvia Pfeiffer; Rainer Lienhart; Stephan Fischer; Wolfgang Effelsberg

1996-01-01

154

Automatic water heater systems  

SciTech Connect

A heat trap is described which can be connected to the flue exhaust outlet of an automatic gas water heating system in which heat can be entrapped that would otherwise be lost via hot flue gases passing up through the flue exhaust and out of a chimney. The heat trap comprises a tank containing therein vertically extending serpentine heat tubes. The lower ends of the heat tubes are connected to a common exhaust inlet which is directly fastened to the exhaust outlet of the automatic gas water heating system. The upper end of the heat tubes are connected to an exhaust outlet of the heat trap which is connected to the chimney. The heat trap also comprises a cold water inlet and a heated water outlet which connects to the cold water inlet of the automatic gas water heating system. The heat trap maintains a separate water supply in the heat trap tank to be delivered through the cold water inlet of the automatic gas water heating system as water is required to replenish water supply of the system.

Wilhelm, R.O. Jr.

1987-03-31

155

Automatic water heater systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A heat trap is described which can be connected to the flue exhaust outlet of an automatic gas water heating system in which heat can be entrapped that would otherwise be lost via hot flue gases passing up through the flue exhaust and out of a chimney. The heat trap comprises a tank containing therein vertically extending serpentine heat tubes.

R. O. Jr

1987-01-01

156

Automatic complexity analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One way to analyse programs is to to derive expressions for their computational behaviour. A time bound function (or worst-cae complexity) gives an upper bound for the computation time as a function of the size of input. We describe a system to derive such time bounds automatically using abstract interpretation. The semantics-based setting makes it possible to prove the correctness

Mads Rosendahl

1989-01-01

157

Automatic Diagrams Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents fully automatic approach analysis for information extraction from digitized grey level images of scanned diagrams in the field of graphics recognition. The proposed algorithms were tested on Telecom Egypt diagrams and some randomly selected diagrams. The analysis involves three distinct stages: the location of starting pixels in the diagrams; followed by a model based line-following to separate

M. A. Berbar

2006-01-01

158

Automatic finite element generators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and implementation of a software system for generating finite elements and related computations are described. Exact symbolic computational techniques are employed to derive strain-displacement matrices and element stiffness matrices. Methods for dealing with the excessive growth of symbolic expressions are discussed. Automatic FORTRAN code generation is described with emphasis on improving the efficiency of the resultant code.

Wang, P. S.

1984-01-01

159

Automatic Electronic Oxygen Supply  

PubMed Central

An automatic electronic oxygen system has been devised to supply an intensive care unit with a “fail-safe” supply of continuous oxygen. All parts of the system are fitted with alarms, as the oxygen powers gas-driven ventilators. Since the system is cheap it can be installed in hospitals where finance is limited. PMID:5278618

Ford, Patricia; Hoodless, D. J.

1971-01-01

160

World War I History Commission Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1928, the Library of Virginia inherited a mass of materials from the Virginia War History Commission, which had spent the previous eight years gathering information on Virginia's participation in World War I. Included in this material were over 14,900 four-page questionnaires from a survey of WWI veterans in Virginia. The Library of Virginia has digitized these survey forms and created a free, fully-searchable database. Users have three search options: by word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each individual, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the questionnaire forms. In some cases, respondents submitted photos or additional pages with their forms and these are included in the database.

161

Giant Intergalactic Gas Stream Longer Than Thought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A giant stream of gas flowing from neighbor galaxies around our own Milky Way is much longer and older than previously thought, astronomers have discovered. The new revelations provide a fresh insight on what started the gaseous intergalactic streamer. The astronomers used the National Science Foundation's Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) to fill important gaps in the picture of gas streaming outward from the Magellanic Clouds. The first evidence of such a flow, named the Magellanic Stream, was discovered more than 30 years ago, and subsequent observations added tantalizing suggestions that there was more. However, the earlier picture showed gaps that left unanswered whether this other gas was part of the same system. "We now have answered that question. The stream is continuous," said David Nidever, of the University of Virginia. "We now have a much more complete map of the Magellanic Stream," he added. The astronomers presented their findings to the American Astronomical Society's meeting in Washington, DC. The Magellanic Clouds are the Milky Way's two nearest neighbor galaxies, about 150,000 to 200,000 light-years distant from the Milky Way. Visible in the Southern Hemisphere, they are much smaller than our Galaxy and may have been distorted by its gravity. Nidever and his colleagues observed the Magellanic Stream for more than 100 hours with the GBT. They then combined their GBT data with that from earlier studies with other radio telescopes, including the Arecibo telescope in Puerto Rico, the Parkes telescope in Australia, and the Westerbork telescope in the Netherlands. The result shows that the stream is more than 40 percent longer than previously known with certainty. One consequence of the added length of the gas stream is that it must be older, the astronomers say. They now estimate the age of the stream at 2.5 billion years. The revised size and age of the Magellanic Stream also provides a new potential explanation for how the flow got started. "The new age of the stream puts its beginning at about the time when the two Magellanic Clouds may have passed close to each other, triggering massive bursts of star formation," Nidever explained. "The strong stellar winds and supernova explosions from that burst of star formation could have blown out the gas and started it flowing toward the Milky Way," he said. "This fits nicely with some of our earlier work that showed evidence for just such blowouts in the Magellanic Clouds," said Steven Majewski, of the University of Virginia. Earlier explanations for the stream's cause required the Magellanic Clouds to pass much closer to the Milky Way, but recent orbital simulations have cast doubt on such mechanisms. Nidever and Majewski worked with Butler Burton of the Leiden Observatory and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, and Lou Nigra of the University of Wisconsin. In addition to presenting the results to the American Astronomical Society, the scientists have submitted a paper to the Astrophysical Journal.

2010-01-01

162

The Pain Coping Questionnaire: preliminary validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new measure of coping, the Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ), is presented and validated in two studies of children and adolescents. Factor analyses of data from healthy children and adolescents supported eight hypothesized subscales (information seeking, problem solving, seeking social support, positive self-statements, behavioral distraction, cognitive distraction, externalizing, internalizing\\/catastrophizing) and three higher-order scales (approach, problem-focused avoidance, emotion-focused avoidance). The subscales

Graham J Reid; Cheryl A Gilbert; Patrick J McGrath

1998-01-01

163

Habitual Virtuous Actions and Automaticity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dual process theorists in psychology maintain that the mind’s workings can be explained in terms of conscious or controlled processes and automatic processes. Automatic processes are largely nonconscious, that is, triggered by environmental stimuli without the agent’s conscious awareness or deliberation. Automaticity researchers contend that even higher level habitual social behaviors can be nonconsciously primed. This article brings work on

Nancy E. Snow

2006-01-01

164

Measurement Properties of a Park Use Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

We determined the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of a brief park use questionnaire. From five US locations, 232 adults completed a brief survey four times and wore a global positioning system (GPS) monitor for three weeks. We assessed validity for park visits during the past week and during a usual week by examining agreement between frequency and duration of park visits reported in the questionnaire to the GPS monitor results. Spearman correlation coefficients (SCC) were used to measure agreement. For past week park visit frequency and duration, the SCC were 0.62–0.65 and 0.62–0.67, respectively. For usual week park visit frequency and duration, the SCC were 0.40–0.50 and 0.50–0.53, respectively. Usual park visit frequency reliability was 0.78–0.88 (percent agreement 69%–82%) and usual park visit duration was 0.75–0.84 (percent agreement 64%–73%). These results suggest that the questionnaire to assess usual and past week park use had acceptable validity and reliability. PMID:23853386

Evenson, Kelly R.; Wen, Fang; Golinelli, Daniela; Rodríguez, Daniel A.; Cohen, Deborah A.

2012-01-01

165

Epistemological Resources for Thought Experimentation in Science Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that scientific thought experiments (TEs) draw upon three epistemological resources: conceptual-logical inferences, visual imagery, and bodily-motor experience. Argues that TEs are powerful because of students' thought capabilities related to imagination and visual imagery. Claims that TEs are not currently exploited by school learning…

Reiner, Miriam; Gilbert, John

2000-01-01

166

Assessing Disordered Thoughts in Preschoolers with Dysregulated Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is rising interest in identifying precursors to bipolar disorder symptoms, including thought disorder. Thought disorder is identified in adults through self-report and in school-aged children through parent report and child story-telling. This study is an exploration to determine if preschoolers with mood dysregulation have evidence of…

Hutchison, Amanda K.; Beresford, Carol; Robinson, JoAnn; Ross, Randal G.

2010-01-01

167

Articulated thoughts, irrational beliefs, and fear of negative evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary cognitive behavioral theories of psychopathology and therapy assume that people's emotional and behavioral problems are influenced by particular patterns of thought. And yet there is little direct evidence in support of this widespread belief. An experiment is reported that examined the thoughts of people high or low on measures of social-evaluative anxiety and of the tendency to think irrationally.

Gerald C. Davison; Peter M. Feldman; Carl E. Osborn

1984-01-01

168

Thought-action fusion in obsessive compulsive disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent psychometric results suggested that the phenomenon of thought-action fusion (TAF) is implicated in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The construct of TAF has two components: (a) the belief that thinking about an unacceptable or disturbing event makes it more likely to happen and (b) the belief that having an unacceptable thought is the moral equivalent of carrying out the unacceptable

Roz Shafran; Dana S. Thordarson; S. Rachman

1996-01-01

169

Mapping the brain's metaphor circuitry: metaphorical thought in everyday reason  

PubMed Central

An overview of the basics of metaphorical thought and language from the perspective of Neurocognition, the integrated interdisciplinary study of how conceptual thought and language work in the brain. The paper outlines a theory of metaphor circuitry and discusses how everyday reason makes use of embodied metaphor circuitry. PMID:25566012

Lakoff, George

2014-01-01

170

Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text, defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments, Compton…

Huggins, Elisha

2010-01-01

171

Parent–Adolescent Agreement Concerning Adolescents' Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is critical in risk assessment, and multi-informant assessment has been recommended. Despite this, relatively little is known about parent–adolescent agreement regarding adolescent suicidality. To examine the extent and predictors of such agreement, 448 psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and their parents were administered structured interviews assessing suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts and completed measures

Nicole M. Klaus; Andrea Mobilio; Cheryl A. King

2009-01-01

172

Spontaneous Repetitive Thoughts Can Be Adaptive: Postscript on "Mind Wandering"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When researchers use the term "mind wandering" for task-unrelated thoughts in signal detection tasks, we may fall into the trap of believing that spontaneous thoughts are task unrelated in a deeper sense. Similar negative connotations are attached to common terms like "cognitive failures", "resting state", "rumination", "distraction", "attentional…

Baars, Bernard J.

2010-01-01

173

Thoughts on the Future of Economic Theory Glenn Ellison  

E-print Network

divided into consumer theory, producer theory, general equilibrium, and social choice/welfare economics beliefs Contract Theory ­ dynamic contracting, theory of the firm, mechanism design Behavioral EconomicsThoughts on the Future of Economic Theory Glenn Ellison MIT Glenn Ellison (MIT) Thoughts

Niebur, Ernst

174

Two Sources of Evidence on the Non-Automaticity of True and False Belief Ascription  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent study by Apperly et al. (2006) found evidence that adults do not automatically infer false beliefs while watching videos that afford such inferences. This method was extended to examine true beliefs, which are sometimes thought to be ascribed by "default" (e.g., Leslie & Thaiss, 1992). Sequences of pictures were presented in which the…

Back, Elisa; Apperly, Ian A.

2010-01-01

175

[PATIS--a questionnaire-based, PC-assisted patient information system in the field of environmental medicine].  

PubMed

PATIS was developed as a questionnaire-based, PC-assisted patient-information- and documentation-systems within the framework of the "Umweltmedizinische Beratungsstelle" (advisory board for clinical environmental medicine) at the Medical Institute of Environmental Hygiene at the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf. PATIS is a substantial element of a planed knowledged-based-system in environmental medicine. This system will further-more consist of databases for chemical substances information, exposition, and literature. PATIS records information about patients concerning personal data, former diseases, symptomatology and complaints, lifestyle, residential and working area, and spare time activities. Furthermore the state of physical examination, performances of diagnostics, and laboratory investigations are documented. A different questionnaire exists for children younger than 12 years. PATIS is able to supply an automatic report based on information of the questionnaire. This system is realized in the relational-database-system dBase IV and is utilized practice since the beginning of 1991. PMID:1290565

Neuhann, H F; Prätor, K; Szemkus, M; Wiesmüller, G A; Schlipköter, H W

1992-12-01

176

Automatism and driving offences.  

PubMed

Automatism is a rarely used defence, but it is particularly used for driving offences because many are strict liability offences. Medical evidence is almost always crucial to argue the defence, and it is important to understand the bars that limit the use of automatism so that the important medical issues can be identified. The issue of prior fault is an important public safeguard to ensure that reasonable precautions are taken to prevent accidents. The total loss of control definition is more problematic, especially with disorders of more gradual onset like hypoglycaemic episodes. In these cases the alternative of 'effective loss of control' would be fairer. This article explores several cases, how the criteria were applied to each, and the types of medical assessment required. PMID:24112330

Rumbold, John

2013-10-01

177

Automatic Abstraction in Planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Traditionally, abstraction in planning has been accomplished by either state abstraction or operator abstraction, neither of which has been fully automatic. We present a new method, predicate relaxation, for automatically performing state abstraction. PABLO, a nonlinear hierarchical planner, implements predicate relaxation. Theoretical, as well as empirical results are presented which demonstrate the potential advantages of using predicate relaxation in planning. We also present a new definition of hierarchical operators that allows us to guarantee a limited form of completeness. This new definition is shown to be, in some ways, more flexible than previous definitions of hierarchical operators. Finally, a Classical Truth Criterion is presented that is proven to be sound and complete for a planning formalism that is general enough to include most classical planning formalisms that are based on the STRIPS assumption.

Christensen, J.

1991-01-01

178

Dimensional Automatic Target Classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High resolution electro-optical sensors are emerging from technology, offering a capability to remotely determine geometric shape of objects. In terms of military reconnaissance and surveilance needs, this capability enhances the potential to detect, classify, and identify enemy targets automatically, and record or report only their type and location. The objective of this paper is to outline the general nature of an automatic classifier for processing high resolution, active electro-optical sensor data on the basis of target dimensional features. A simple geometric analysis is used to demonstrate the predominant features of the data, and to suggest approaches for cueing potential targets by masking out extraneous background data. The goal is to provide an early data reduction so that potential target subframes can be processed in the classification processor at lower data rates. Both line-scan and raster-scan data formats are considered, in forward- and down-looking configurations.

Rose, Harold W.; Rachal, James C.

1981-11-01

179

Adaptation is automatic.  

PubMed

Two experiments were used to test whether selective adaptation for speech occurs automatically or instead requires attentional resources. A control condition demonstrated the usual large identification shifts caused by repeatedly presenting an adapting sound (/wa/, with listeners identifying members of a /ba/-/wa/ test series). Two types of distractor tasks were used: (1) Subjects did a rapid series of arithmetic problems during the adaptation periods (Experiments 1 and 2), or (2) they made a series of rhyming judgments, requiring phonetic coding (Experiment 2). A control experiment (Experiment 3) demonstrated that these tasks normally impose a heavy attentional cost on phonetic processing. Despite this, for both experimental conditions, the observed adaptation effect was just as large as in the control condition. This result indicates that adaptation is automatic, operating at an early, preattentive level. The implications of these results for current models of speech perception are discussed. PMID:9599999

Samuel, A G; Kat, D

1998-04-01

180

Automatic thermal switches  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two automatic switches control heat flow from one thermally conductive plate to another. One switch permits heat flow to outside; other limits heat flow. In one switch, heat on conductive plate activates piston that forces saddle against plate. Heat carriers then conduct heat to second plate that radiates it away. After temperature is first plate drops, piston contracts and spring breaks thermal contact with plate. In second switch, action is reversed.

Cunningham, J. W.; Wing, L. D.

1980-01-01

181

Towards automatic program partitioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a trend towards using accelerators to increase per- formance and energy eciency of general-purpose proces- sors. Adoption of accelerators, however, depends on the availability of tools to facilitate programming these devices. In this paper, we present techniques for automatically par- titioning programs for execution on accelerators. We call the o-loaded code regions sub-algorithms, which are parts of the

Sean Rul; Hans Vandierendonck; Koen De Bosschere

2009-01-01

182

Criterra automatic location planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criterra is a software suite that automatically determines optimum locations and heights in seconds\\/minutes for security system sensors, and locations for infrastructure and response forces based on dominant mosaic, line-of-sight, time-and-space, Doppler, propagation and other algorithms, executed on a terabyte size 3D geospatial and object database. Inputs include specifications of sensor systems, barriers, and response forces. Criterra is based on

Lawrence Cassenti; P. E. Peter Leed

2011-01-01

183

Automatic payload deployment system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to precisely emplace stand-alone payloads in hostile territory has long been on the wish list of US warfighters. This type of activity is one of the main functions of special operation forces, often conducted at great danger. Such risk can be mitigated by transitioning the manual placement of payloads over to an automated placement mechanism by the use of the Automatic Payload Deployment System (APDS). Based on the Automatically Deployed Communication Relays (ADCR) system, which provides non-line-of-sight operation for unmanned ground vehicles by automatically dropping radio relays when needed, the APDS takes this concept a step further and allows for the delivery of a mixed variety of payloads. For example, payloads equipped with a camera and gas sensor in addition to a radio repeater, can be deployed in support of rescue operations of trapped miners. Battlefield applications may include delivering food, ammunition, and medical supplies to the warfighter. Covert operations may require the unmanned emplacement of a network of sensors for human-presence detection, before undertaking the mission. The APDS is well suited for these tasks. Demonstrations have been conducted using an iRobot PackBot EOD in delivering a variety of payloads, for which the performance and results will be discussed in this paper.

Pezeshkian, Narek; Nguyen, Hoa G.; Burmeister, Aaron; Holz, Kevin; Hart, Abraham

2010-04-01

184

Sexual behavioral abstine HIV/AIDS questionnaire: Validation study of an Iranian questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background: This study was designed to assess the validity and reliability of the designed sexual, behavioral abstinence, and avoidance of high-risk situation questionnaire (SBAHAQ), with an aim to construct an appropriate development tool in the Iranian population. Materials and Methods: A descriptive–analytic study was conducted among female undergraduate students of Tehran University, who were selected through cluster random sampling. After reviewing the questionnaires and investigating face and content validity, internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed by Cronbach's alpha. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using SPSS and AMOS 16 Software, respectively. Results: The sample consisted of 348 female university students with a mean age of 20.69 ± 1.63 years. The content validity ratio (CVR) coefficient was 0.85 and the reliability of each section of the questionnaire was as follows: Perceived benefit (PB; 0.87), behavioral intention (BI; 0.77), and self-efficacy (SE; 0.85) (Cronbach's alpha totally was 0.83). Explanatory factor analysis showed three factors, including SE, PB, and BI, with the total variance of 61% and Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin (KMO) index of 88%. These factors were also confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis [adjusted goodness of fitness index (AGFI) = 0.939, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.039]. Conclusion: This study showed the designed questionnaire provided adequate construct validity and reliability, and could be adequately used to measure sexual abstinence and avoidance of high-risk situations among female students. PMID:24741650

Najarkolaei, Fatemeh Rahmati; Niknami, Shamsaddin; Shokravi, Farkhondeh Amin; Tavafian, Sedigheh Sadat; Fesharaki, Mohammad Gholami; Jafari, Mohammad Reza

2014-01-01

185

Reported Thought as a Stance-Taking Device in Korean Conversation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyses of 34 cases of direct reported thought found in ordinary Korean conversations illustrate a routine practice in the use of reported thought-reenacting a prior thought to demonstrate how the speaker's current stance originated. Often, such thoughts are not simply momentary, isolated thoughts in passing but are consequential thoughts…

Kim, Mary Shin

2014-01-01

186

Dispatching the wandering mind? Toward a laboratory method for cuing “spontaneous” off-task thought  

PubMed Central

Cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists study most phenomena of attention by measuring subjects' overt responses to discrete environmental stimuli that can be manipulated to test competing theories. The mind wandering experience, however, cannot be locally instigated by cleverly engineered stimuli. Investigators must therefore rely on correlational and observational methods to understand subjects' flow of thought, which is only occasionally and indirectly monitored. In an effort toward changing this state of affairs, we present four experiments that develop a method for inducing mind wandering episodes—on demand—in response to task-embedded cues. In an initial laboratory session, subjects described their personal goals and concerns across several life domains (amid some filler questionnaires). In a second session, 48 h later, subjects completed a go/no-go task in which they responded to the perceptual features of words; unbeknownst to subjects, some stimulus words were presented in triplets to represent the personal concerns they had described in session 1. Thought probes appearing shortly after these personal-goal triplets indicated that, compared to control triplets, priming subjects' concerns increased mind wandering rate by about 3–4%. We argue that this small effect is, nonetheless, a promising development toward the pursuit of an experimentally informed, theory-driven science of mind wandering. PMID:24027542

McVay, Jennifer C.; Kane, Michael J.

2013-01-01

187

Dispatching the wandering mind? Toward a laboratory method for cuing "spontaneous" off-task thought.  

PubMed

Cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists study most phenomena of attention by measuring subjects' overt responses to discrete environmental stimuli that can be manipulated to test competing theories. The mind wandering experience, however, cannot be locally instigated by cleverly engineered stimuli. Investigators must therefore rely on correlational and observational methods to understand subjects' flow of thought, which is only occasionally and indirectly monitored. In an effort toward changing this state of affairs, we present four experiments that develop a method for inducing mind wandering episodes-on demand-in response to task-embedded cues. In an initial laboratory session, subjects described their personal goals and concerns across several life domains (amid some filler questionnaires). In a second session, 48 h later, subjects completed a go/no-go task in which they responded to the perceptual features of words; unbeknownst to subjects, some stimulus words were presented in triplets to represent the personal concerns they had described in session 1. Thought probes appearing shortly after these personal-goal triplets indicated that, compared to control triplets, priming subjects' concerns increased mind wandering rate by about 3-4%. We argue that this small effect is, nonetheless, a promising development toward the pursuit of an experimentally informed, theory-driven science of mind wandering. PMID:24027542

McVay, Jennifer C; Kane, Michael J

2013-01-01

188

Night-time thoughts in high and low worriers: reaction to caffeine-induced sleeplessness.  

PubMed

There is ample evidence for the existence of an association between sleeplessness and worry. Not much is known, however, concerning the nature of this relationship. Therefore, a study was conducted investigating the causal relationship between sleeplessness and nocturnal worry. A 2 x 2 (Worry x Induced sleeplessness) analysis of covariance design was used. The first factor consisted of a subject variable defined by scoring either high or low on a trait measure of worry (the Penn State Worry Questionnaire) and the second factor consisted of 300 mg caffeine or placebo. A total of 96 female undergraduate students participated. The dependent variables comprised measures of nocturnal worry (the Night-Time Thoughts Questionnaire) and subjective and objective sleep parameters. Overall, caffeine caused an increase in nocturnal worry and sleeplessness. A significant interaction effect occurred between Worry and Induced sleeplessness on one of the objective sleep parameters, but no other interaction effects were significant. The results suggest that worry may occur as an epiphenomenon of sleeplessness. PMID:16949554

Omvik, Siri; Pallesen, Ståle; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Thayer, Julian; Nordhus, Inger Hilde

2007-04-01

189

Extreme Weather: Trends, Projections, and Thoughts for Building Resilience  

E-print Network

Extreme Weather: Trends, Projections, and Thoughts for Building Resilience Joe Casola Staff of strategies to enhance resilience · A mascot for resilience? #12;Heat Waves 7 National and Regional Trends

Minnesota, University of

190

9.402 Language and Thought, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

Subject examines the many interrelationships between language and thought. Do people who speak different languages think differently? Does learning new languages change the way you think? Do polyglots think differently in ...

Boroditsky, Lera

191

Teaching Through Trade Books: Thought-Provoking Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Why , what , and how : Three words that young students often speak when they are full of questions about activities and experiences in their daily lives. Helping students clarify their thought processes and ask a question that can

Christine Anne Royce

2010-12-01

192

Archimedes of Syracuse Archimedes Thoughtful by Fetti (1620)  

E-print Network

Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek: ) Archimedes Thoughtful by Fetti (1620) Born c. 287 BC Syracuse Mathematics, Physics, Engineering, Astronomy, Invention Known for Archimedes' Principle, Archimedes' screw, Hydrostatics, Levers, Infinitesimals Archimedes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Archimedes of Syracuse

Varadarajan, Veeravalli S.

193

Extraversion and anterior vs. posterior DMN activity during self-referential thoughts  

PubMed Central

Recent studies show that fronto-posterior electroencephalogram (EEG) spectral power distribution is associated with personality. Specifically, extraversion is associated with an increase of spectral power in posterior cortical regions that overlap with the posterior default mode network (DMN) hub and a decrease of spectral power in anterior regions that overlap with the anterior DMN hub. Although there is evidence that dopaminergic neurotransmission may be involved, psychological processes that underlie these associations remain unclear. I hypothesize that these processes may have something to do with spontaneous self-referential thoughts. Specifically, I hypothesize that in extraverts self-referential thoughts may be associated with an increase of spectral power in the posterior DMN hub, whereas in introverts they may be associated with an increase of spectral power in the anterior DMN hub. After spontaneous EEG registration, participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire describing their thoughts during the registration. An item describing self-referential positive expectations (SRPE) was used to measure individual differences in the intensity of these processes. Source localization and independent component analyses were applied to EEG data to reveal oscillatory activity associated with the anterior and the posterior DMN hubs. Hierarchical regression analysis showed a significant interaction between extraversion scores and anterior vs. posterior DMN alpha activity in predicting individual differences in SRPE scores. In extraverts, high SRPE scores were associated with an increase of alpha power in the posterior DMN hub, whereas in introverts they were associated with an increase of alpha power in the anterior DMN hub. Results are discussed in terms of differential involvement of the two DMN hubs in self-related reward processes in extraverts and introverts. PMID:23419982

Knyazev, Gennady G.

2013-01-01

194

The association between insomnia and suicidal thoughts in adults treated for alcohol dependence in Poland  

PubMed Central

Background Suicidal ideation is elevated for individuals with alcohol use disorders. Sleep problems are associated with suicide risk and alcohol use, and sleep problems may be associated with suicide risk in those with alcohol use disorders. For the present study, we hypothesized that self-reported sleep problems are associated with suicidal thoughts in a sample of adults seeking treatment for alcohol dependence in Poland. Methods The sample included 304 patients in addiction treatment programs in Warsaw, Poland who met criteria for alcohol dependence. Measures included demographic characteristics, frequency of alcohol use, psychiatric symptoms, suicidal ideation and two measures of insomnia, which differed by time frame: the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS, past 1 month) and the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire (SDQ-7, past 6 months). Multivariable logistic regression models tested the association between insomnia and suicidal thoughts. Results In models that controlled for age, gender, and days of recent drinking, both measures of sleep problems were associated with suicidal ideation: AOR= 2.01 (95% CI: 1.50-2.70) [AIS] and 1.73 (95% CI: 1.29-2.31) [SDQ-7]. The association of sleep problems, as measured by the AIS, with suicide remained significant after adjusting for psychiatric symptoms, although the estimated effect size was smaller (AOR= 1.47; 95% CI: 1.05-2.06). Conclusions Among Polish adults with alcohol dependence, insomnia severity was associated with suicidal ideation. This finding highlights the need to assess for sleep problems, in addition to suicidal thoughts, in alcohol treatment settings and to further examine the potential consequences of poor sleep in this population. PMID:21996494

Klimkiewicz, Anna; Bohnert, Amy S.B.; Jakubczyk, Andrzej; Ilgen, Mark A.; Wojnar, Marcin; Brower, Kirk

2011-01-01

195

Questionnaire Design for Student Measurement of Teaching Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design and use of questionnaires in course and faculty evaluation are discussed and the literature reviewed. Problems of questionnaire construction and interpretation of results are described and a questionnaire developed at the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Waterloo is given as an example. (Author/MSE)

McBean, Edward A.; Al-Nassri, Sabah

1982-01-01

196

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258 315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires.

Phil Edwards; Ian Roberts; Mike Clarke; Carolyn DiGuiseppi; Sarah Pratap; Reinhard Wentz; Irene Kwan

2002-01-01

197

Experiences, Feelings and Thoughts of Women Undergoing Second Trimester Medical Termination of Pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Main Objective The objective of this study was to explore women's expectations and experiences of undergoing second trimester abortion. Methods This is a cross-sectional study using a screening questionnaire and semi-structured interviews for data collection. Thirty-one women filled out the questionnaire and 23 of them were later interviewed. The questionnaires were analyzed by descriptive statistics. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Most Important Findings Indications for the abortion were fetal malformation or unintended pregnancy. The women expressed similar feelings and these were irrespective for the reason for having an abortion. Both physical and mental pain was experienced during the abortion process and described by the women. Taking the mifepristone-pill was experienced as especially emotionally difficult for many participants. Professional support from the staff together with support from the partner, a friend or relative helped in transforming the worries related to something unknown to feelings of coping with a new and hard experience. Prior to the abortion most women stated that they did not want to view the fetus but women who chose to view the fetus described this as a way of confronting the reality and an opportunity to say farewell to the pregnancy/fetus. The analysis of the interview transcripts revealed five themes mirroring the women's experiences, thoughts and feelings related to the abortion. Conclusions The decision to undergo second trimester abortion sometimes exposes women to strong and conflicting emotions which are irrespective for the reason for having an abortion. Despite this women do not regret their decision to terminate the pregnancy. This analysis shows that their rational thinking outweighs their emotionally difficult feelings. It is important for the attending staff to be responsive to the needs of each individual woman whatever the indication is for the abortion. PMID:25546416

Andersson, Inga-Maj; Christensson, Kyllike; Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina

2014-01-01

198

Repetitive thought impairs sleep quality: an experience sampling study.  

PubMed

Although previous research has suggested that presleep negative cognitive activities are associated with poor sleep quality, there is little evidence regarding the association between negative thoughts and sleep in real-life settings. The present study used experience sampling and long-term sleep monitoring with actigraphy to investigate the relationships among negative repetitive thought, mood, and sleep problems. During a 1-week sampling period, 43 undergraduate students recorded their thought content and mood eight times a day at semirandom intervals. In addition to these subjective reports, participants wore actigraphs on their wrists in order to measure sleep parameters. Analyses using multilevel modeling showed that repetitive thought in the evening was significantly associated with longer sleep-onset latency, decreased sleep efficiency, and reduced total sleep time. Furthermore, impaired sleep quality was significantly associated with reduced positive affect the next morning, and decreased positive affect was indirectly associated with increased repetitive thought in the evening. These findings suggest the existence of a self-reinforcing cycle involving repetitive thought, mood, and impaired sleep quality, highlighting the importance of cognitive and emotional factors in enhancement and maintenance of good-quality sleep. PMID:24411116

Takano, Keisuke; Sakamoto, Shinji; Tanno, Yoshihiko

2014-01-01

199

Automatic level control circuit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An automatic level control circuit for an operational amplifier for minimizing spikes or instantaneous gain of the amplifier at a low period wherein no signal is received on the input is provided. The apparatus includes a multibranch circuit which is connected between an output terminal and a feedback terminal. A pair of zener diodes are connected back to back in series with a capacitor provided in one of the branches. A pair of voltage dividing resistors are connected in another of the branches and a second capacitor is provided in the remaining branch of controlling the high frequency oscillations of the operational amplifier.

Toole, P. C.; Mccarthy, D. M. (inventors)

1983-01-01

200

Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire assesses three facets of emotional expressivity: negative  

E-print Network

: Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. (1997). Revealing feelings: Facets of emotional expressivity in self include: Gross, J.J. (2000). The Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire. In J. Maltby, C.A. Lewis, & A Mellen Press. Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. (1998). Mapping the domain of expressivity: Multi-method evidence

Gross, James J.

201

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity.  

PubMed

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings. The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was compliant with the guidelines of International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) Project. In the first stage, two independent translators converted the originals into Polish. Stage two, consisted of a comparison of the originals and two translated versions. During that stage, the team of two translators and authors of the project identified differences in those translations and created a combination of the two. In the third stage, two independent translators, who were native speakers of German, translated the adjusted version of the Polish translation into the language of the original document. At the last stage, a commission composed of: specialists in orthopedics, translators, a statistician and a psychologist reviewed all translations and drafted a pre-final version of the questionnaires. Thirty-five adolescent girls with idiopathic scoliosis who were treated with Cheneau brace were subjected to the questionnaire assessment. All patients were treated in an out-patient setting by a specialist in orthopedics at the Chair and Clinic of Orthopedics and Traumatology. Median age of patients was 14.8 SD 1.5, median value of the Cobb's angle was 27.8 degrees SD 7.4. 48.6% of patients had thoracic scoliosis, 31.4% had thoracolumbar scoliosis, and 20% patients had lumbar scoliosis. Median results obtained by means of the Polish version of BSSQ-Brace and BSSQ-Deformity questionnaires were 17.9 SD 5.0 and 11.3 SD 4.7, respectively. Internal consistency of BSSQ-Brace and BSSQ-Deformity was at the level of 0.80 and 0.87, whereas the value of the absolute stability factor was 0.82 and 0.88. Overall, the Polish versions of the BSSQ-Brace and BSSQ-Deformity Questionnaires are characterized by high values of internal consistency factor and absolute stability factor. Following the process of adaptation, the authors obtained a tool that is instrumental in clinical evaluations and complies with methodological criteria. PMID:19669802

Misterska, Ewa; G?owacki, Maciej; Harasymczuk, Jerzy

2009-12-01

202

The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire.  

PubMed

To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support. PMID:24686955

Freeman, Paul; Coffee, Pete; Moll, Tjerk; Rees, Tim; Sammy, Nadine

2014-04-01

203

Developing questionnaires for educational research: AMEE Guide No. 87  

PubMed Central

In this AMEE Guide, we consider the design and development of self-administered surveys, commonly called questionnaires. Questionnaires are widely employed in medical education research. Unfortunately, the processes used to develop such questionnaires vary in quality and lack consistent, rigorous standards. Consequently, the quality of the questionnaires used in medical education research is highly variable. To address this problem, this AMEE Guide presents a systematic, seven-step process for designing high-quality questionnaires, with particular emphasis on developing survey scales. These seven steps do not address all aspects of survey design, nor do they represent the only way to develop a high-quality questionnaire. Instead, these steps synthesize multiple survey design techniques and organize them into a cohesive process for questionnaire developers of all levels. Addressing each of these steps systematically will improve the probabilities that survey designers will accurately measure what they intend to measure. PMID:24661014

La Rochelle, Jeffrey S.; Dezee, Kent J.; Gehlbach, Hunter

2014-01-01

204

Automatic readout micrometer  

DOEpatents

A measuring system is disclosed for surveying and very accurately positioning objects with respect to a reference line. A principal use of this surveying system is for accurately aligning the electromagnets which direct a particle beam emitted from a particle accelerator. Prior art surveying systems require highly skilled surveyors. Prior art systems include, for example, optical surveying systems which are susceptible to operator reading errors, and celestial navigation-type surveying systems, with their inherent complexities. The present invention provides an automatic readout micrometer which can very accurately measure distances. The invention has a simplicity of operation which practically eliminates the possibilities of operator optical reading error, owning to the elimination of traditional optical alignments for making measurements. The invention has an extendable arm which carries a laser surveying target. The extendable arm can be continuously positioned over its entire length of travel by either a coarse or fine adjustment without having the fine adjustment outrun the coarse adjustment until a reference laser beam is centered on the target as indicated by a digital readout. The length of the micrometer can then be accurately and automatically read by a computer and compared with a standardized set of alignment measurements. Due to its construction, the micrometer eliminates any errors due to temperature changes when the system is operated within a standard operating temperature range.

Lauritzen, Ted (Lafayette, CA)

1982-01-01

205

Altering Automatic Verbal Processes with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation  

PubMed Central

Background: Word retrieval during verbal fluency tasks invokes both automatic and controlled cognitive processes. A distinction has been made between the generation of words clusters and switches between such clusters on verbal fluency tasks. Clusters, defined by the reporting of contiguous words that constitute semantic or phonemic subcategories, are thought to reflect relatively automatic processing. In contrast, switching from one subcategory to another is thought to require a more controlled, effortful form of cognitive processing. Objective: In this single-blind, sham-controlled experiment, we investigated whether anodal and cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can differentially modify controlled or automatic processes that support lexical retrieval, as assessed by clustering and switching on verbal fluency tasks, in 24 healthy right-handed adults. Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to receive 1?mA of either anodal (excitatory) or cathodal (inhibitory) active tDCS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in addition to sham stimulation over the same region in counterbalanced order. Participants engaged in various cognitive activities during the first 23?min of stimulation. Then, during the final segment of each 30-min session, they completed letter- and category-cued word fluency tasks. Results: Participants reported more words on category-cued word fluency tasks during anodal than sham stimulation (25.9 vs. 23.0 words; p?=?0.055). They also showed a net increase in the number of clustered words during anodal stimulation compared to a net decrease during cathodal stimulation (1.3 vs. ?1.5 words; p?=?0.038). Conclusion: tDCS can selectively alter automatic aspects of speeded lexical retrieval in a polarity-dependent fashion during a category-guided fluency task. PMID:22888321

Vannorsdall, Tracy D.; Schretlen, David J.; Andrejczuk, Megan; Ledoux, Kerry; Bosley, Laura V.; Weaver, Jacqueline R.; Skolasky, Richard L.; Gordon, Barry

2012-01-01

206

Prevalence of Suicidal Thoughts and Attempts Among Pregnant Pakistani Women  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and attempts and to identify demographic variables and mental health correlates such as anxiety/depression and domestic violence among pregnant women in an urban community in Pakistan. Design Cross sectional data from a prospective cohort study are presented. Setting Women enrolled in an antenatal care clinic and followed to delivery in an urban area of Pakistan Population Cohort of pregnant women in Pakistan. Methods 1,369 pregnant women were enrolled and interviewed regarding various maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes, and were asked specific questions about suicidal thoughts and attempts and administered the Aga Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale at 20–26 weeks of gestation. Main outcome measures Suicidal thoughts and attempts, verbal, sexual or physical abuse. Results Overall, 148 of the 1369 (11%) women studied had considered suicide. Of these, 148 women, 67 (45%) had attempted suicide. Eighteen percent of the women were classified as having depression/anxiety, almost half (48%) reported experiencing verbal abuse and 20% reported physical/sexual abuse. Women who had anxiety/depression or had experienced verbal or physical/sexual abuse were significantly more likely to have had suicidal thoughts and attempts. Conclusions Women at greatest risk for having suicidal thoughts or a suicide attempt were those who were depressed/anxious and had experienced some form of domestic abuse. With the high prevalence of these conditions, attention should be given to the establishment of effective mental health treatment programs for pregnant women. PMID:21050149

Asad, Nargis; Karmaliani, Rozina; Sullaiman, Nasreen; Bann, Carla M.; McClure, Elizabeth M.; Pasha, Omrana; Wright, Linda L.; Goldenberg, Robert L.

2014-01-01

207

Recording thoughts while memorizing music: a case study  

PubMed Central

Musicians generally believe that memory differs from one person to the next. As a result, memorizing strategies that could be useful to almost everyone are not widely taught. We describe how an 18-years old piano student (Grade 7, ABRSM), learned to memorize by recording her thoughts, a technique inspired by studies of how experienced soloists memorize. The student, who had previously ignored suggestions that she play from memory, decided to learn to memorize, selecting Schumann’s “Der Dichter Spricht” for this purpose. Rather than explicitly teaching the student how to memorize, the teacher taught her to record her thoughts while playing by marking them on copies of the score, adapting an approach used previously in research with experienced performers. Over a 6½ week period, the student recorded her thoughts during practice (five times) and while performing from memory for the teacher (three times). The student also video-recorded 3 weeks of practice, three performances, and the reconstruction of the piece from memory after a 9½-weeks break. The thoughts that the student reported were prepared during practice, stable over time, and functioned as memory retrieval cues during reconstruction. This suggests that the student memorized in the same way as the more experienced musicians who have been studied previously and that teaching student musicians to record their thoughts may be an effective way to help them memorize. The speed and durability of her memorization surprised the student, inspiring her to perform in public and to use the same technique for new pieces.

Lisboa, Tania; Chaffin, Roger; Demos, Alexander P.

2015-01-01

208

Automatic Meteorological Data Collecting System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The automatic data collecting system, as designed, permits automatic sensing and logging of 64 meteorological parameters measured on a 220-foot tower. The design permits simultaneous measurements of all parameters at all levels, with response of the instruments on the order of a few seconds. There is a resultant increase in data accuracy and acquisition, flexibility of observation periods, ease of

R. Thomas; M. McLardie

1960-01-01

209

Automatic Coal-Mining System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coal cutting and removal done with minimal hazard to people. Automatic coal mine cutting, transport and roof-support movement all done by automatic machinery. Exposure of people to hazardous conditions reduced to inspection tours, maintenance, repair, and possibly entry mining.

Collins, E. R., Jr.

1985-01-01

210

Smart PM automatic control system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focus on the tool preventive maintenance (PM) control automatically. We develop a system called Smart PM automatic control system. This system will help us to forecast PM exactly and arrange PM schedule in advance. It can also control suitable Queue-time WIP before PM, and then auto check tools before tools recovery. The system has implemented in our 300mm

Cheng-Sheng Chang; Hsi-Lo Lo; Cheng-Chung Pan; De-Lung Wu

2010-01-01

211

Automatic identification of class stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach is presented to automatically determine a class's stereotype. The stereotype is based on the frequency and distribution of method stereotypes in the class. Method stereotypes are automatically determined using a defined taxonomy given in previous work. The stereotypes, boundary, control and entity are used as a basis but refined based on an empirical investigation of 21 systems. A

Natalia Dragan; Michael L. Collard; Jonathan I. Maletic

2010-01-01

212

Device for the Automatic Control of Airplanes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report provides a description of an automatic control mechanism that consists of an automatic elevator control, aileron control, and a rudder control. Each automatic control can be independently switched on or off.

Gradenwitz, Alfred

1929-01-01

213

Translation into Portuguese of questionnaires to assess knee injuries.  

PubMed

The aim of this systematic review was to review the quality of the translation and the measurement properties from questionnaires that assess injuries of the knee. We included questionnaires that were developed in foreign language and have been translated and validated into Portuguese. The databases used were CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, PUBMED and SCIELO and the final search resulted in a total of 868 studies included, from which 16 were eligible. Most included questionnaires presented all steps expected in a translation process; however there were some deficiencies in measurement properties among the questionnaires. The VISA-P Brazil was the best questionnaire when analyzing translation process and measurement properties tested. It was the only questionnaire that tested all measurement properties investigated and presented adequate values for all of them. KOS-ADLS was the best questionnaire translated to Portuguese from Portugal. Among all, the VISA-P Brazil is the best questionnaire to be used with Brazilian Portuguese speakers when the condition is related to patellar tendinopathy and the LEFS is the best questionnaire for other general conditions of the knee. For Portuguese from Portugal, the best questionnaire is the KOS-ADLS, and like the LEFS it does not target any specific injury. PMID:24453685

Nunes, Guilherme; de Castro, Lisaura Veiga; Wageck, Bruna; Kume, Vanessa; Chiesa, Gabriela Sulzbach; de Noronha, Marcos

2013-01-01

214

Spacecraft automatic umbilical system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conceptual definition of an appropriate berthing technique and a prototype design of an automatic umbilical system suitable for use with payloads carried by the Space Shuttle are presented. A four-element berthing system is described. This concept consists of a set of four remote manipulator system (RMS)-type end-effector capture/tie-down devices on the power system and corresponding RMS-type grapple fittings on the payload. In operation, the RMS maneuvers the payload to a position where the four grapple fittings can be snared within the end-effectors and then secured to the power system. The concept takes advantage of mechanisms and operating techniques developed for attaching the RMS to a payload. Although the umbilical installation is attached to the docking interface structure, its operation is independent and it must comply with a set of primary requirements specified by Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), which is presented.

Rudy, G. C.

1982-01-01

215

Factorial invariance of the Patient Health Questionnaire and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Objectives The UK's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme uses the Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Scale (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001, J. Gen. Intern. Med., 16, 606) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7; Spitzer et al., 2006, Arch. Intern. Med., 166, 1092) to assess patients' symptoms of depression and anxiety respectively. Data are typically collected via telephone or face-to-face; however, no study has statistically investigated whether the questionnaires' items operate equivalently across these modes of data collection. This study aimed to address this omission. Methods & Results Questionnaire data from patients registered with an IAPT service in London (N = 23,672) were examined. Confirmatory factor analyses suggested that unidimensional factor structures adequately matched observed face-to-face and telephone data for the PHQ-9 and GAD-7. Invariance analyses revealed that while the PHQ-9 had equivalent factor loadings and latent means across data collection methods, the GAD-7 had equivalent factor loadings but unequal latent means. In support of the scales' convergent validity, positive associations between scores on the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 emerged. Conclusions With the exception of the GAD-7's latent means, the questionnaires' factor loadings and latent means were equivalent. This suggests that clinicians may meaningfully compare PHQ-9 data collected face-to-face and by telephone; however, such comparisons with the GAD-7 should be done with caution. Practitioner points The PHQ-9 and GAD-7's factor loadings were equivalent across data collection methods. Only the PHQ-9's latent means were equivalent across data collection methods. Clinicians may be confident collecting PHQ-9 data by telephone and face-to-face and, then, comparing such data. Caution is recommended when determining clinical effectiveness using telephone and face-to-face GAD-7 data. More psychometric research is warranted. PMID:24117915

Ryan, Travis A; Bailey, Alastair; Fearon, Pasco; King, John

2013-01-01

216

Automatic alkaloid removal system.  

PubMed

This alkaloid automated removal machine was developed at Instrumentation Laboratory, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin Malaysia that purposely for removing the alkaloid toxicity from Dioscorea hispida (DH) tuber. It is a poisonous plant where scientific study has shown that its tubers contain toxic alkaloid constituents, dioscorine. The tubers can only be consumed after it poisonous is removed. In this experiment, the tubers are needed to blend as powder form before inserting into machine basket. The user is need to push the START button on machine controller for switching the water pump ON by then creating turbulence wave of water in machine tank. The water will stop automatically by triggering the outlet solenoid valve. The powders of tubers are washed for 10 minutes while 1 liter of contaminated water due toxin mixture is flowing out. At this time, the controller will automatically triggered inlet solenoid valve and the new water will flow in machine tank until achieve the desire level that which determined by ultra sonic sensor. This process will repeated for 7 h and the positive result is achieved and shows it significant according to the several parameters of biological character ofpH, temperature, dissolve oxygen, turbidity, conductivity and fish survival rate or time. From that parameter, it also shows the positive result which is near or same with control water and assuming was made that the toxin is fully removed when the pH of DH powder is near with control water. For control water, the pH is about 5.3 while water from this experiment process is 6.0 and before run the machine the pH of contaminated water is about 3.8 which are too acid. This automated machine can save time for removing toxicity from DH compared with a traditional method while less observation of the user. PMID:24783795

Yahaya, Muhammad Rizuwan; Hj Razali, Mohd Hudzari; Abu Bakar, Che Abdullah; Ismail, Wan Ishak Wan; Muda, Wan Musa Wan; Mat, Nashriyah; Zakaria, Abd

2014-01-01

217

Pregnancy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Questionnaire Study  

PubMed Central

Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) preferentially affects females at childbearing age. For this reason patients and treating physicians were frequently confronted with questions concerning family planning, pregnancy and birth. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the expertise about pregnancy related topics in multiple sclerosis of neurologists in private practice. Methods We developed a survey with 16 multiple choice questions about pregnancy related topics and sent it to neurologists in private practice in Berlin, Germany. Results 56 completed questionnaires were sent back. 54% of all questions were answered correctly, 21% of the questions were answered with “I don’t know”. Correct answers were more often given by physicians who treat more than 400 MS patients per year (p?=?0.001). Further positive associations were found for assumed relevance of the topic (p?=?0.002) and the degree of counseling (p<0.001). Conclusion To provide a comprehensive counseling, MS patients with desire for children should be counseled by physicians with a lot of experience in MS treatment. PMID:24901447

Borisow, Nadja; Paul, Friedemann; Ohlraun, Stephanie; Pach, Daniel; Fischer, Felix; Dörr, Jan

2014-01-01

218

Responsiveness of the individual work performance questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Individual work performance is an important outcome measure in studies in the workplace. Nevertheless, its conceptualization and measurement has proven challenging. To overcome limitations of existing scales, the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) was recently developed. The aim of the current study was to gain insight into the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Methods Data were used from the Be Active & Relax randomized controlled trial. The aim of the trial was to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention to stimulate physical activity and relaxation of office workers, on need for recovery. Individual work performance was a secondary outcome measure of the trial. In total, 39 hypotheses were formulated concerning correlations between changes on the IWPQ scales and changes on similar constructs (e.g., presenteeism) and distinct constructs (e.g., need for recovery) used in the trial. Results 260 Participants completed the IWPQ at both baseline and 12 months of follow-up. For the IWPQ scales, 23%, 15%, and 38%, respectively, of the hypotheses could be confirmed. In general, the correlations between change scores were weaker than expected. Nevertheless, at least 85% of the correlations were in the expected direction. Conclusions Based on results of the current study, no firm conclusions can be drawn about the responsiveness of the IWPQ. Several reasons may account for the weaker than expected correlations. Future research on the IWPQ’s responsiveness should be conducted, preferably in other populations and intervention studies, where greater changes over time can be expected. PMID:24885593

2014-01-01

219

The Manchester–Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ)  

PubMed Central

Objectives The Manchester–Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) is a validated 16-item, patient-reported outcome measure for evaluating outcomes of foot or ankle surgery. The original development of the instrument identified three domains. This present study examined whether the three domains could legitimately be summed to provide a single summary index score. Methods The MOXFQ and Short-Form (SF)-36 were administered to 671 patients before surgery of the foot or ankle. Data from the three domains of the MOXFQ (pain, walking/standing and social interaction) were subjected to higher order factor analysis. Reliability and validity of the summary index score was assessed. Results The mean age of the participants was 52.8 years (sd 15.68; 18 to 89). Higher order principle components factor analysis produced one factor, accounting for 74.7% of the variance. The newly derived single index score was found to be internally reliable (? = 0.93) and valid, achieving at least moderate correlations (r ? 0.5, p < 0.001) with related (pain/function) domains of the SF-36. Conclusions Analyses indicated that data from the MOXFQ can be presented in summary form. The MOXFQ summary index score (MOXFQ-Index) provides an overall indication of the outcomes of foot and ankle surgery. Furthermore, the single index reduces the number of statistical comparisons, and hence the role of chance, when exploring MOXFQ data. PMID:23673374

Morley, D.; Jenkinson, C.; Doll, H.; Lavis, G.; Sharp, R.; Cooke, P.; Dawson, J.

2013-01-01

220

Methamphetamine and paranoia: the methamphetamine experience questionnaire.  

PubMed

Paranoia in methamphetamine (MA) users is not well characterized or understood. To investigate this phenomenon, we created the Methamphetamine Experience Questionnaire (MEQ), and tested its reliability and validity in assessing MA-induced paranoia. We administered the MEQ to 274 MA-dependent subjects. Of the total subjects, 45% (123) first experienced paranoia with MA use; 55% did not. Obtaining or using a weapon while paranoid was common (37% and 11% of subjects with MA-induced paranoia, respectively). Test-retest and inter-rater reliability for MA-induced paranoia showed substantial agreement (kappa = .77, p < .05 and kappa = .80, p < .05, respectively). First episodes of paranoia occurred more often with intravenous use of MA, and subsequent episodes at higher doses. There was modest correlation between paranoia on the MEQ and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) paranoid ideation scale (rho = .27, p < .05). As expected, there was a poor correlation between paranoia on the MEQ and the BSI depression scale (rho = .14, p = .07). The MEQ provides useful information on drug use variables that contribute to paranoia commonly associated with MA use. (Am J Addict 2010;00:1-14). PMID:20163388

Leamon, Martin H; Flower, Keith; Salo, Ruth E; Nordahl, Thomas E; Kranzler, Henry R; Galloway, Gantt P

2010-01-01

221

Sense of agency over thought: external misattribution of thought in a memory task and proneness to auditory hallucination.  

PubMed

Previous studies have suggested that auditory hallucination is closely related to thought insertion. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the external misattribution of thought and auditory hallucination-like experiences. We used the AHES-17, which measures auditory hallucination-like experiences in normal, healthy people, and the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm, in which false alarms of critical lure are regarded as spontaneous external misattribution of thought. We found that critical lures elicited increased the number of false alarms as AHES-17 scores increased and that scores of AHES-17 predicted the rate of false memory of critical lures. Furthermore, we revealed that the relationship between AHES-17 scores and the rates of false alarms to critical lures was strictly linear. Therefore, it might be said that individual differences in auditory hallucination-like experiences are highly related to the external misattribution of thought. We discussed these results from the perspective of the sense of agency over thought. PMID:21296595

Sugimori, Eriko; Asai, Tomohisa; Tanno, Yoshihiko

2011-09-01

222

Mina de Malfois and the Thoughts on Yaoi, Part 2  

E-print Network

1 dreamer_marie wrote in mdmfans, 2007-02-17 13:40:00 Mina de Malfois and The Thoughts on Yaoi - Part 2 Yesterday night, I sat down to chat with Mina again for the second part of the interview, Mina de Malfois and the Thoughts on Yaoi.... If you have questions you would like me to ask her in the third and last part of the interview, please let me know in the comments! All right. One of the questions I'm rather curious about is: how did you get the idea for Mina de Malfois? Looking back...

2007-02-17

223

Sources of Psychological Pain and Suicidal Thoughts Among Homeless Adults.  

PubMed

Homeless adults experience problems in multiple areas of their lives. It was hypothesized that adults who were troubled by problems in more areas of their lives would be more likely to report suicidal thoughts. The sample included 457 homeless men and women who resided in three emergency shelters. The number of sources of psychological pain, past suicide attempts, and being a man predicted current suicidal thoughts, but being diagnosed with a depressive disorder did not. Shelter workers should ask adults whether they have attempted suicide in the past and how troubled they are by each area of their lives. PMID:25255999

Coohey, Carol; Easton, Scott D; Kong, Jooyoung; Bockenstedt, Julie K W

2014-09-25

224

Old Dad Chiro: his thoughts, words, and deeds  

PubMed Central

Objective This article offers the author's opinions about some of the thoughts, words, and deeds of the profession's founder, Daniel David Palmer. Discussion Reviewing D.D. Palmer's writings is challenging because he was the discoverer and founder of a developing profession and therefore his thoughts and words were rapidly evolving. Statements made by Palmer without judicious consideration of context could easily be misunderstood. Conclusion D.D. Palmer was individualistic and enigmatic. This commentary provides a look at the whole in an attempt to reveal the character and spirit of the founder. PMID:22693470

Brown, Myron D.

2010-01-01

225

Usual Dietary Intakes: NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Cancer.gov

NCI developed a new instrument called the NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (formerly called Food Propensity Questionnaire) and supported its application in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). This instrument collects much of the same information as a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), but without asking about portion size. The resulting data can be employed in the NCI usual dietary intakes model as covariates. By not asking about portion size, the NHANES FFQ requires less respondent burden than other FFQs.

226

Reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To assess the test-retest reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) questionnaire.Methods: A sample of 4619 male and female high school students from white, black, Hispanic, and other racial\\/ethnic groups completed the YRBS questionnaire on two occasions approximately two weeks apart. The questionnaire assesses a broad range of health risk behaviors. This study used a protocol that

Nancy D Brener; Laura Kann; Tim McManus; Steven A Kinchen; Elizabeth C Sundberg; James G Ross

2002-01-01

227

Utility of brief questionnaires of health-related quality of life (Airways Questionnaire 20 and Clinical COPD Questionnaire) to predict exacerbations in patients with asthma and COPD  

PubMed Central

Background There is some evidence that quality of life measured by long disease-specific questionnaires may predict exacerbations in asthma and COPD, however brief quality of life tools, such as the Airways Questionnaire 20 (AQ20) or the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), have not yet been evaluated as predictors of hospital exacerbations. Objectives To determine the ability of brief specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaires (AQ20 and CCQ) to predict emergency department visits (ED) and hospitalizations in patients with asthma and COPD, and to compare them to longer disease-specific questionnaires, such as the St George´s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ) and the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). Methods We conducted a two-year prospective cohort study of 208 adult patients (108 asthma, 100 COPD). Baseline sociodemographic, clinical, functional and psychological variables were assessed. All patients completed the AQ20 and the SGRQ. COPD patients also completed the CCQ and the CRQ, while asthmatic patients completed the AQLQ. We registered all exacerbations that required ED or hospitalizations in the follow-up period. Differences between groups (zero ED visits or hospitalizations versus???1 ED visits or hospitalizations) were tested with Pearson´s X2 or Fisher´s exact test for categorical variables, ANOVA for normally distributed continuous variables, and Mann–Whitney U test for non-normally distributed variables. Logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the predictive ability of each HRQoL questionnaire. Results In the first year of follow-up, the AQ20 scores predicted both ED visits (OR: 1.19; p?=?.004; AUC 0.723) and hospitalizations (OR: 1.21; p?=?.04; AUC 0.759) for asthma patients, and the CCQ emerged as independent predictor of ED visits in COPD patients (OR: 1.06; p?=?.036; AUC 0.651), after adjusting for sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables. Among the longer disease-specific questionnaires, only the AQLQ emerged as predictor of ED visits in asthma patients (OR: 0.9; p?=?.002; AUC 0.727). In the second year of follow-up, none of HRQoL questionnaires predicted exacerbations. Conclusions AQ20 predicts exacerbations in asthma and CCQ predicts ED visits in COPD in the first year of follow-up. Their predictive ability is similar to or even higher than that of longer disease-specific questionnaires. PMID:23706146

2013-01-01

228

Validation Studies of the Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Relation between self report energy expenditure from the Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire score, and 7-day objective physical activity (PA) measurements from accelerometers and pedometers (Pearson correlation).

229

The VARK Questionnaire: How Do I Learn Best?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The VARK Questionnaire "How Do I Learn Best?" is a very useful free learning styles survey tool. This questionnaire can help students better understand how they learn and how to best study depending upon their preferred learning style: visual, aural, kinesthetic, read-write or multimodal. After taking the questionnaire, the participant will receive a personal learning profile with learning and study hints specifically geared to their learning style. It also can help instructors find out how their students learn and the best ways to teach them. There is also a version of the questionnaire available for athletes or for younger people.

230

Neuropsychologia 41 (2003) 18631867 Neural correlates of thought suppression  

E-print Network

arise automatically, without any conscious effort to call them forth. Difficulties with mental control and inhibition are core symptoms in various clinical disorders (Purdon, 1999), such as post-traumatic stress dis- order (PTSD) (e.g. Davies & Clark, 1998; Steil & Ehlers, 2000), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Kelley, William M.

231

Kindness in the Art Classroom: Kind Thoughts on Stephen Rowland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a response to Stephen Rowland's article, "Kindness," which appeared in "London Review of Education," November 2009. Much to my amazement, Stephen Rowland's article was the only one I found when I did a global database search on "kindness in education". I had thought that I would find reams of information in the databases on the…

Lampert, Nancy

2011-01-01

232

Emotion, higher-order syntactic thoughts, and consciousness  

E-print Network

Chapter 4 Emotion, higher-order syntactic thoughts, and consciousness Edmund T. Rolls 4 2001; Dehaene et al. 2006), emphasizes the role of working memory in consciousness, where he views conscious it is because emotional information is entered into a working memory system. However, LeDoux (1996

Rolls, Edmund T.

233

Confucius as a Critical Educator: Towards Educational Thoughts of Confucius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a cross-cultural comparative study in education philosophy. A comparative and philosophical approach is used to interpret texts from the Analects of Confucius and to find connections with ideas of critical educators. In comparing Confucius' educational thought with that of Paulo Freire, John Dewey and other theorists in critical…

Zhao, Juanjuan

2013-01-01

234

An Outsider's Ethnographic Thoughts about Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article gives Michael Agar's email responses to two questions put by Gavin Melles: "What are your thoughts on the advantages and dangers of developments in applied anthropology for ethnographic and anthropology practice?" and "What are your impressions of the potential and actual use of ethnography in design?" The…

Agar, Michael

2014-01-01

235

‘Patriotism’, ‘Cosmopolitanism’ and ‘Humanity’ in Victorian Political Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the articulation of the relationship between ‘patriotism’ and ‘cosmopolitanism’ or commitment to ‘humanity’ in the writings of some major Victorian political thinkers. It is argued that: (a) there was no neat distinction between ‘patriotism’ and ‘nationalism’ in the thought of the time; (b) ‘patriotism’ was seen as a stepping stone to universalistic commitment to ‘humanity’ rather than

Georgios Varouxakis

2006-01-01

236

Depressive Thought Content Among Female College Students With Bulimia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared overall depression scores on Beck Depression Inventory between women with and without bulimia and examined differences in specific depression items. Results indicated that bulimics were more depressed than controls and had distorted thoughts regarding body image, self-blame, somatic preoccupation, guilt, and suicidal ideation. (Author/NB)

Brouwers, Mariette

1988-01-01

237

A Cognitive Neuroscience View of Schizophrenic Thought Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experimental association psychology approach to mental associations has been the conceptual background for the concept of schizophrenia. Cognitive neuroscience methods and concepts can be used to study various forms of schizophrenic thought disorder. In particular, the concepts of semantic associative and working memory can be applied fruitfully to schizophrenia research. Semantic associative networks can be simulated with self-organizing feature

Manfred Spitzer

1997-01-01

238

9 A Tool for Thought and Transformation: Gender-  

E-print Network

analysis; constructivism; intersectionality; social change; gender roles; gender and development. #12185 9 A Tool for Thought and Transformation: Gender- Considerate Global Change Research in Practice Fernández Álvarez6 Abstract This contribution illustrates aspects of gender and development research

Richner, Heinz

239

Superculture? Thoughts Prompted by Roland S. Persson's Essay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author finds Roland S. Persson's (2012a) paper to be timely, fascinating, important and powerful. At risk of mixing metaphors, it provides much food for thought and a penetrating lens through which all those vested in the optimal realisation of human potential would be prudent to review their own perceptions, boundaries of belief and…

Tebbs, Trevor J.

2012-01-01

240

IBM Academy of Technology Thought Leadership White Paper  

E-print Network

IBM Academy of Technology Thought Leadership White Paper October 2010 Cloud computing insights from 110 implementation projects IBM Academy of Technology Survey #12;2 Cloud computing insights from 110 are clouds implemented? 6 What are the challenges? 8 What are the benefits? 9 Outlook and trends 10 Summary

241

Thoughtful Reading: Teaching Comprehension to Adolescents. [Videotapes and Viewing Guide].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 4-part videotape series and viewing guide shows Cris Tovani, a high school teacher, working with a wide range of students, from college-bound seniors to students who have been referred to her classroom because of their struggles with reading. The viewing guide is designed to help teachers use the video series "Thoughtful Reading" in workshop…

Tovani, Cris

242

Evolution of Management Thought in the Ancient Times.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that although systematic management thought is a distinctly modern development, the writings of ancient scholars and records of ancient rulers infer that they understood the rudiments of management principles and concepts. To support this thesis, the author reviews the evidence of management practices and concepts in various…

Sharma, C. L.

243

Food for thought: Feeding management strategies (Part 1)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Nutrition is at the hub of a successful farming operation, but its importance is often overlooked or underappreciated. Nutrition is generally thought of as simply meeting the nutrient requirements of the species, but this misses the broader significance of nutrition’s role in the success of the far...

244

Thought Swap Activity Teacher Guide Approximate Time: 20-minutes  

E-print Network

to the ecosystem. · Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy (e.g., noise, heat, light noise, as well as high-intensity sonar, which is usually underwater. · Light pollution: Includes light on pollution and marine debris to be uncovered. The `thought swap' can be completed in approximately 20-minutes

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

245

Introduction Plumage coloration is commonly thought to be a sex-  

E-print Network

Introduction Plumage coloration is commonly thought to be a sex- ually selected indicator of mate traits. The attempts to test Hamilton & Zuk's hypothesis among different species have given contradictory coloured individuals, by analysing the relationships among blood parasites, leucocyte levels and plumage

Figuerola, Jordi

246

Food for Thought: Expanding School Breakfast to NJ Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief marks the start of "Advocates for Children of New Jersey's Food for Thought School Breakfast Campaign", which seeks to expand innovative approaches to serving school breakfast and significantly increase students' participation rates. This report provides a closer look at the data, including identifying districts that have high…

Allen-Kyle, Portia; Parello, Nancy

2011-01-01

247

Playing Prosocial Video Games Increases the Accessibility of Prosocial Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research has provided abundant evidence that playing violent video games increases aggressive tendencies. In contrast, evidence on possible positive effects of video game exposure on prosocial tendencies has been relatively sparse. The present research tested and found support for the hypothesis that exposure to prosocial video games increases the accessibility of prosocial thoughts. These results provide support to the

Tobias Greitemeyer; Silvia Osswald

2011-01-01

248

Thoughts on the relations between emotion and cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that thought is a necessary condition of emotion. The author therefore opposes the stance taken by R. B. Zajonc (1980), which reflects 2 widespread misunderstandings about what is meant by cognitive processes in emotion: (a) that a cognitive appraisal of the significance of an encounter for one's well-being must occur in fixed stages through the information processing of initially

Richard S. Lazarus

1982-01-01

249

Between Thoughts and Actions: Motivationally Salient Cues Invigorate  

E-print Network

upon a cascade of covert mental actions including motor imagery and planning. Here we investigated howNeuron Article Between Thoughts and Actions: Motivationally Salient Cues Invigorate Mental Action cues imbued with motivational salience can invigorate motor imagery networks preceding action. We

Dudai, Yadin

250

The Legacy of Neoplatonism in F. W. J. Schelling's Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

F.W.J. Schelling, one of the essential thinkers in the development of German Idealism, formed his own thought not only in a critical dialogue with Kant's and Fichte's transcendentalism and Hegel's earlier conception of thinking, but also in an intensive discussion with Plato and Aristotle. Over and above that, Neoplatonism – especially Plotinus, Proclus and the Christian Dionysius the Areopagite –

Werner Beierwaltes

2002-01-01

251

Thought Control Training as a Treatment for Insomnia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students with difficulty falling asleep were treated with either progressive relaxation, systematic desensitization, or a thought control procedure. All three treatment groups showed significant lower latency to sleep onset times than a waiting-list control group at the end of the three-week treatment period. A three-week followup revealed…

Ribordy, Sheila C.

252

The History of Women's Management Thought: A Snapshot.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze women's contributions to the history and development of management concepts. The paper discusses the needs and reasons for this type of exploration and compares differences between men and women in relation to the development of management thought. A historical profile from the early 1800s which…

Brouwer, Lynette F.

253

Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies  

E-print Network

Review Thoughts on information and integration in honey bee colonies Thomas D. Seeley Section 1997) Abstract - Solving the puzzle of colony integration in honey bees requires understanding how a worker bee acquires the information that she needs to decide correctly, moment-by-moment, what task

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Climate, Career Development, and Chairs: Some (Debatable) Thoughts  

E-print Network

Climate, Career Development, and Chairs: Some (Debatable) Thoughts What Does "Climate" Mean and How Do We Recognize It? 1. Climate refers to those aspects of the professional working environment that enhance or detract from perceptions of "fit" and "appreciation" among colleagues. Climate shapes

Sheridan, Jennifer

255

Thought Reform, Coercion, and Persuasion: A Phenomenological Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Thought reform" is a calculated strategy of social action designed to convert individuals to another ideology through a long-term process, during which threat underlies all experiences. In this article, part of the "Freedom of Speech Newsletter," insights from a phenomenological view of rhetoric are used to explain the nature and impact of…

Purnell, Sandra E.

256

Whither the history of economic thought? Going nowhere rather slowly?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that economics is not a perfect selection mechanism that preserves each and every economic idea that is valid and useful and jettisons all ideas that are not. The teleological view of the subject cannot be sustained. Therefore the task of the history of economic thought cannot be limited to the study of the past from the present

Heinz D. Kurz; Johann-Wolfgang von Goethe

2006-01-01

257

Introduction and Random Thoughts on AI Caren Marzban  

E-print Network

.g., statistics) emphasize a model. Some better for "industrial" (zero-error), Others better for statistical intelligence in com- puters and robots. - The study of how to create a computer that can "think" like a human aspects of human thought on computers. - Trying to solve by computers any problem that a human can solve

Marzban, Caren

258

The Rising Cost of Higher Education. APPA Thought Leaders 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 Thought Leaders Symposium, sponsored in part by DTZ, a UGL company, and Jacobs, focused on the topic of the rising cost of higher education. More than three dozen higher education leaders--including presidents, provosts, business officers, consultants, association executives, and facilities professionals--participated in a facilitated…

APPA: Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers, 2013

2013-01-01

259

Ocean carbon uptake more variable than previously thought  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth's oceans are thought to have taken up about one quarter of the carbon dioxide (CO2) that humans pumped into the atmosphere in the past 2 decades. The CO2 drives acidification and has consequences for sea life, but it also moderates the rate of climate change.

Betz, Eric O.

2014-12-01

260

Darwin's place in the history of thought: A reevaluation  

E-print Network

Darwin's place in the history of thought: A reevaluation Robert J. Richards1 Department of History, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 Scholars have usually given Darwin's theory a neo-Darwinian interpretation. A more careful examination of the language of Darwin's notebooks and the language of the Origin

Richards, Robert J.

261

East and West: some immanent thoughts on paradigmatic intersection  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of its long history under the weight of political, economical, and cultural imperialism, Latin America still suffers in many ways from West-centric cultural colonization. This influence is notably strong in the academic milieu. Following Shi-xu's suggestion that new and more inclusive Eastern paradigms should be constructed out of the dialogue between Eastern and Western thought, this paper

Matías Soich

2010-01-01

262

Some thoughts on exploiting CFD for turbomachinery design  

E-print Network

iterations, considering more radical design changes, and maximising the bene ts from multidisciplinary trade. In some limited areas, this might include black-box optimisation under the control of the designer who the entire system in detail is also prohibitive, which immediately rules out any thought of global `black

Giles, Mike

263

Initial psychometric properties of the experiences questionnaire: validation of a self-report measure of decentering.  

PubMed

Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated the factor structure of the EQ in both undergraduate and clinical populations. A single, unifactorial decentering construct emerged using 2 undergraduate samples. The convergent and discriminant validity of this decentering factor was demonstrated in negative relationships with measures of depression symptoms, depressive rumination, experiential avoidance, and emotion regulation. Finally, the factor structure of the EQ was replicated in a clinical sample of individuals in remission from depression, and the decentering factor evidenced a negative relationship to concurrent levels of depression symptoms. Findings from this series of studies offer initial support for the EQ as a measure of decentering. PMID:17697849

Fresco, David M; Moore, Michael T; van Dulmen, Manfred H M; Segal, Zindel V; Ma, S Helen; Teasdale, John D; Williams, J Mark G

2007-09-01

264

Risky Music Listening, Permanent Tinnitus and Depression, Anxiety, Thoughts about Suicide and Adverse General Health  

PubMed Central

Objective To estimate the extent to which exposure to music through earphones or headphones with MP3 players or at discotheques and pop/rock concerts exceeded current occupational safety standards for noise exposure, to examine the extent to which temporary and permanent hearing-related symptoms were reported, and to examine whether the experience of permanent symptoms was associated with adverse perceived general and mental health, symptoms of depression, and thoughts about suicide. Methods A total of 943 students in Dutch inner-city senior-secondary vocational schools completed questionnaires about their sociodemographics, music listening behaviors and health. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine associations. Results About 60% exceeded safety standards for occupational noise exposure; about one third as a result of listening to MP3 players. About 10% of the participants experienced permanent hearing-related symptoms. Temporary hearing symptoms that occurred after using an MP3 player or going to a discotheque or pop/rock concert were associated with exposure to high-volume music. However, compared to participants not experiencing permanent hearing-related symptoms, those experiencing permanent symptoms were less often exposed to high volume music. Furthermore, they reported at least two times more often symptoms of depression, thoughts about suicide and adverse self-assessed general and mental health. Conclusions Risky music-listening behaviors continue up to at least the age of 25 years. Permanent hearing-related symptoms are associated with people’s health and wellbeing. Participants experiencing such symptoms appeared to have changed their behavior to be less risky. In order to induce behavior change before permanent and irreversible hearing-related symptoms occur, preventive measurements concerning hearing health are needed. PMID:24897078

Vogel, Ineke; van de Looij-Jansen, Petra M.; Mieloo, Cathelijne L.; Burdorf, Alex; de Waart, Frouwkje

2014-01-01

265

Automatic drilling control system  

SciTech Connect

An automatic drilling control system is described for a drilling apparatus having a rig with a crown block and a traveling block. A draw works include an engine, a drum powered by the engine, clutches, and controls, a drilling line wound on the drum and rolled up or fed out during drilling by the engine. The drilling line extends through the crown block and the traveling block and connects to a fixed point. The line portion from the crown block to the fixed point is the dead line. The crown block and traveling block form a pulley system for supporting a drill pipe to raise or lower the same during drilling. A hydraulic pressure sensor connects to the dead line to measure the tension. A weight indicator gauge adjacent to the controls connects to the pressure sensor by a hydraulic line. A brake, having a brake handle, controls the rate of feed out of the drilling line to determine the tension on the dead line.

Ball, J.W.

1987-05-05

266

PIRLS 2011 User Guide for the International Database. Supplement 1: International Version of the PIRLS 2011, Background Questionnaires and Curriculum Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The PIRLS 2011 international database includes data for all questionnaires administered as part of the PIRLS 2011 assessment. This supplement contains the international version of the PIRLS 2011 background questionnaires and curriculum questionnaires in the following 5 sections: (1) Student Questionnaire; (2) Home Questionnaire (Learning to Read…

Foy, Pierre, Ed.; Drucker, Kathleen T., Ed.

2013-01-01

267

Automatic programming of simulation models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of automatic programming is to improve the overall environment for describing the program. This improved environment is realized by a reduction in the amount of detail that the programmer needs to know and is exposed to. Furthermore, this improved environment is achieved by a specification language that is more natural to the user's problem domain and to the user's way of thinking and looking at the problem. The goal of this research is to apply the concepts of automatic programming (AP) to modeling discrete event simulation system. Specific emphasis is on the design and development of simulation tools to assist the modeler define or construct a model of the system and to then automatically write the corresponding simulation code in the target simulation language, GPSS/PC. A related goal is to evaluate the feasibility of various languages for constructing automatic programming simulation tools.

Schroer, Bernard J.; Tseng, Fan T.; Zhang, Shou X.; Dwan, Wen S.

1988-01-01

268

Clothes Dryer Automatic Termination Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Volume 2: Improved Sensor and Control Designs Many residential clothes dryers on the market today provide automatic cycles that are intended to stop when the clothes are dry, as determined by the final remaining moisture content (RMC). However, testing of automatic termination cycles has shown that many dryers are susceptible to over-drying of loads, leading to excess energy consumption. In particular, tests performed using the DOE Test Procedure in Appendix D2 of 10 CFR 430 subpart B have shown that as much as 62% of the energy used in a cycle may be from over-drying. Volume 1 of this report shows an average of 20% excess energy from over-drying when running automatic cycles with various load compositions and dryer settings. Consequently, improving automatic termination sensors and algorithms has the potential for substantial energy savings in the U.S.

TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.

2014-10-01

269

Automatic presentations and semigroup constructions  

E-print Network

Automatic presentations and semigroup constructions Alan J. Cain1 , Graham Oliver2 , Nik Ruskuc3 , Richard M. Thomas4 1,3 School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St

St Andrews, University of

270

Automatic Semigroups: Constructions and Subsemigroups  

E-print Network

of St Andrews September 19, 2002 #12; to Margarida i #12; Contents Declarations iv Abstract vi of padded languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 4 Rees matrix semigroups 41 1 The Rees matrix construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 2 Automaticity of a Rees matrix semigroup

St Andrews, University of

271

Automatic safety rod for reactors  

DOEpatents

An automatic safety rod for a nuclear reactor containing neutron absorbing material and designed to be inserted into a reactor core after a loss-of-core flow. Actuation is based upon either a sudden decrease in core pressure drop or the pressure drop decreases below a predetermined minimum value. The automatic control rod includes a pressure regulating device whereby a controlled decrease in operating pressure due to reduced coolant flow does not cause the rod to drop into the core.

Germer, John H. (San Jose, CA)

1988-01-01

272

Learning Probe: Benchmarking for Excellence. Questionnaire. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a questionnaire designed for work-based learning providers. It is a diagnostic benchmarking tool developed to give organizations a snapshot of their current state. Following a brief introduction, there are instructions for filling in the questionnaire, which includes both open-ended response and scoring according to a…

Owen, Jane; Yarrow, David; Appleby, Alex

273

Measuring Experiential Avoidance in Adults: The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, general levels of experiential avoidance are primarily measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), but it includes items of questionable comprehensibility. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), previously validated as a measure of experiential avoidance with children and adolescents, was…

Schmalz, Jonathan E.; Murrell, Amy R.

2010-01-01

274

Development and Initial Validation of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this manuscript was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ) a parent-reported questionnaire for measuring perceived environmental restrictions for young children participation. Reliability and homogeneity were tested by Cronbach's alpha and inter-item correlations.…

Rosenberg, Limor; Ratzon, Nava Z.; Jarus, Tal; Bart, Orit

2010-01-01

275

Dietary Screener Questionnaire in the NHANES 2009-10  

Cancer.gov

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) assesses the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the U.S. It collects detailed information about food, nutrient, and supplement intake and other dietary behaviors. Before the 2009-10 administration, the NHANES collected this information exclusively through 24-hour recalls, food frequency questionnaires, and survey questionnaires.

276

Investigation of Multiple Imputation in Low-Quality Questionnaire Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The performance of multiple imputation in questionnaire data has been studied in various simulation studies. However, in practice, questionnaire data are usually more complex than simulated data. For example, items may be counterindicative or may have unacceptably low factor loadings on every subscale, or completely missing subscales may…

Van Ginkel, Joost R.

2010-01-01

277

78 FR 47749 - Submission of Questionnaire for OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information requested by the questionnaire is for use by the Commission...of forms: 2013 USITC Survey Regarding Outstanding...Frequency of use: survey, single data gathering...effect at the time of the survey (6) Estimated number...Information obtained from the questionnaire that qualifies as...

2013-08-06

278

Scaling of the revised Oswestry low back pain questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Page SJ, Shawaryn MA, Cernich AN, Linacre JM. Scaling of the revised Oswestry low back pain questionnaire. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:1579-84. Objective: To evaluate the measurement properties of the Revised Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (RODQ) by using rating scale analyses. Design: Calibration of item responses by using a data set. Setting: Four outpatient therapy clinics in the northeastern United States.

Stephen J. Page; Marla A. Shawaryn; Alison N. Cernich; John M. Linacre

2002-01-01

279

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-PR) were explored in a sample of hyperactive-inattentive preschool children (N = 47) and nonimpaired controls (N = 113). A subset of parents completed the questionnaire on 2 occasions, approximately 1 year apart. Factor analysis revealed a 3-factor solution,…

Clerkin, Suzanne M.; Marks, David J.; Policaro, Katia L.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2007-01-01

280

Automatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document represents two views of the Automatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT). One viewgraph presentation reviews the development and system design of Automatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT). Two types of ACAT exist: Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance (AGCAS) and Automatic Air Collision Avoidance (AACAS). The AGCAS Uses Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) for mapping functions, and uses Navigation data to place aircraft on map. It then scans DTED in front of and around aircraft and uses future aircraft trajectory (5g) to provide automatic flyup maneuver when required. The AACAS uses data link to determine position and closing rate. It contains several canned maneuvers to avoid collision. Automatic maneuvers can occur at last instant and both aircraft maneuver when using data link. The system can use sensor in place of data link. The second viewgraph presentation reviews the development of a flight test and an evaluation of the test. A review of the operation and comparison of the AGCAS and a pilot's performance are given. The same review is given for the AACAS is given.

Swihart, Donald E.; Skoog, Mark A.

2007-01-01

281

Acne as seen by adolescents: results of questionnaire study in 852 French individuals.  

PubMed

Acne can have an important psychological impact. We surveyed 852 adolescents aged 12-25 years about their knowledge of acne and its treatment in a non-medical context. The study involved a questionnaire administered to callers to a youth telephone helpline in France. Callers were categorized into those who currently had acne, those who had had acne previously, and those who had never had acne. Most respondents (66.2%) had experienced acne symptoms, which were mild in 50.2% of cases and severe in 16% of cases. Often, acne had been long-lasting (>12 months in 49.6% of cases). Many thought that gender, excess weight, eating dairy products, and physical activity did not influence acne, and that frequent washing could improve acne. Eating chocolate and snacks, smoking cigarettes, sweating, not washing, touching/squeezing spots, eating fatty foods, using make-up, pollution, and menstruation were thought to worsen acne. The majority (80.8%) did not believe acne to be a disease, but rather a normal phase of adolescence, yet 69.3% agreed it should be treated. There was a preference for topical vs. systemic treatment. Many (38.6%) of the respondents with acne had not consulted a physician. Almost two-thirds of respondents wanted more information about acne. Providing more information about acne might increase the likelihood of them consulting a physician and getting better treatment for the condition. PMID:21611685

Poli, Florence; Auffret, Nicole; Beylot, Claire; Chivot, Martine; Faure, Michel; Moyse, Dominique; Pawin, Henri; Revuz, Jean; Dréno, Brigitte

2011-09-01

282

The boundaries of language and thought in deductive inference.  

PubMed

Is human thought fully embedded in language, or do some forms of thought operate independently? To directly address this issue, we focus on inference-making, a central feature of human cognition. In a 3T fMRI study we compare logical inferences relying on sentential connectives (e.g., not, or, if ... then) to linguistic inferences based on syntactic transformation of sentences involving ditransitive verbs (e.g., give, say, take). When contrasted with matched grammaticality judgments, logic inference alone recruited "core" regions of deduction [Brodmann area (BA) 10p and 8m], whereas linguistic inference alone recruited perisylvian regions of linguistic competence, among others (BA 21, 22, 37, 39, 44, and 45 and caudate). In addition, the two inferences commonly recruited a set of general "support" areas in frontoparietal cortex (BA 6, 7, 8, 40, and 47). The results indicate that logical inference is not embedded in natural language and confirm the relative modularity of linguistic processes. PMID:19617569

Monti, Martin M; Parsons, Lawrence M; Osherson, Daniel N

2009-07-28

283

Integrative change model in psychotherapy: Perspectives from Indian thought  

PubMed Central

Different psychotherapeutic approaches claim positive changes in patients as a result of therapy. Explanations related to the change process led to different change models. Some of the change models are experimentally oriented whereas some are theoretical. Apart from the core models of behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive and spiritually oriented models there are specific models, within psychotherapy that explains the change process. Integrative theory of a person as depicted in Indian thought provides a common ground for the integration of various therapies. Integrative model of change based on Indian thought, with specific reference to psychological concepts in Upanishads, Ayurveda, Bhagavad Gita and Yoga are presented. Appropriate psychological tools may be developed in order to help the clinicians to choose the techniques that match the problem and the origin of the dimension. Explorations have to be conducted to develop more techniques that are culturally appropriate and clinically useful. Research has to be initiated to validate the identified concepts. PMID:23858275

Manickam, L. S. S

2013-01-01

284

Integrative change model in psychotherapy: Perspectives from Indian thought.  

PubMed

Different psychotherapeutic approaches claim positive changes in patients as a result of therapy. Explanations related to the change process led to different change models. Some of the change models are experimentally oriented whereas some are theoretical. Apart from the core models of behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive and spiritually oriented models there are specific models, within psychotherapy that explains the change process. Integrative theory of a person as depicted in Indian thought provides a common ground for the integration of various therapies. Integrative model of change based on Indian thought, with specific reference to psychological concepts in Upanishads, Ayurveda, Bhagavad Gita and Yoga are presented. Appropriate psychological tools may be developed in order to help the clinicians to choose the techniques that match the problem and the origin of the dimension. Explorations have to be conducted to develop more techniques that are culturally appropriate and clinically useful. Research has to be initiated to validate the identified concepts. PMID:23858275

Manickam, L S S

2013-01-01

285

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258?315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires. Main outcome measure The proportion of completed or partially completed questionnaires returned. Results The odds of response were more than doubled when a monetary incentive was used (odds ratio 2.02; 95% confidence interval 1.79 to 2.27) and almost doubled when incentives were not conditional on response (1.71; 1.29 to 2.26). Response was more likely when short questionnaires were used (1.86; 1.55 to 2.24). Personalised questionnaires and letters increased response (1.16; 1.06 to 1.28), as did the use of coloured ink (1.39; 1.16 to 1.67). The odds of response were more than doubled when the questionnaires were sent by recorded delivery (2.21; 1.51 to 3.25) and increased when stamped return envelopes were used (1.26; 1.13 to 1.41) and questionnaires were sent by first class post (1.12; 1.02 to 1.23). Contacting participants before sending questionnaires increased response (1.54; 1.24 to 1.92), as did follow up contact (1.44; 1.22 to 1.70) and providing non-respondents with a second copy of the questionnaire (1.41; 1.02 to 1.94). Questionnaires designed to be of more interest to participants were more likely to be returned (2.44; 1.99 to 3.01), but questionnaires containing questions of a sensitive nature were less likely to be returned (0.92; 0.87 to 0.98). Questionnaires originating from universities were more likely to be returned than were questionnaires from other sources, such as commercial organisations (1.31; 1.11 to 1.54). Conclusions Health researchers using postal questionnaires can improve the quality of their research by using the strategies shown to be effective in this systematic review. What is already known on this topicPostal questionnaires are widely used in the collection of data in epidemiological studies and health researchNon-response to postal questionnaires reduces the effective sample size and can introduce biasWhat this study addsThis systematic review includes more randomised controlled trials than any previously published review or meta-analysis no questionnaire responseThe review has identified effective ways to increase response to postal questionnairesThe review will be updated regularly in the Cochrane Library PMID:12016181

Edwards, Phil; Roberts, Ian; Clarke, Mike; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Pratap, Sarah; Wentz, Reinhard; Kwan, Irene

2002-01-01

286

Test-Retest Reliability of the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised and the Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire-Revised (PBIQ-R) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire-Revised (PBFQ-R). These self-report parenting behavior assessment measures may be utilized as pre- and post-parent education program measures, with parents as well as…

Mowder, Barbara A.; Shamah, Renee

2011-01-01

287

Sleeping and waking thought: effects of external stimulation.  

PubMed

This article describes some of the variables that distinguish waking and sleeping (REM) thought. Mentation reports from the waking state, as described here, tend to have more topic shifts than those from the REM state, which often have a single-theme storylike quality. It is assumed that heightened response thresholds to sensory stimuli, in conjunction with the state of high cortical activation typical of REM sleep, account for the storylike quality of REM imagery. In this experiment, an intermittent auditory stimulus was the model for environmental influences on waking mentation. It was hypothesized that the removal of this intermittent auditory stimulation, simulating in waking subjects the increased sensory thresholds of REM sleep, would decrease the number of topic shifts in spontaneous thought. It was expected that this reduction in number of topics would approach levels achieved in REM sleep. Thirty subjects participated in individual sessions in which they lay in a sound-attenuated, lightproof room with eyes closed. They were asked for mentation reports as follows: after lying awake with external stimulation (W), after lying awake without external stimulation (WO), and after being wakened from REM sleep. Transcribed mentation reports were scored on seven content rating scales, including total recall count, a count of all words in which the subject was describing his/her experience during the previous interval, and number of thought units (TU) per report, a count of the distinct, thematically homogeneous thought sequences. Hotelling t-squared tests were performed with the different states as the independent variables and the scores on the cognitive scales as the dependent variables. The major factor distinguishing mentation reports of waking subjects and subjects wakened from REM sleep was the TU count, with waking subjects changing topics more frequently. Removal of the intermittent auditory stimulus reduced the number of topic shifts in waking subjects, with a significance approaching the 95% confidence limit. PMID:3764290

Wollman, M C; Antrobus, J S

1986-01-01

288

Thoughts Occasioned by the `Big Bang' Model of the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For many years now, the so-called `Big Bang' model for the beginning and evolution of the Universe has been accepted almost without question. In fact, any who have dared question its authenticity has been condemned to a sort of scientific outer darkness. However, what is the truth in this matter? Here some brief thoughts on this problem will be laid out for people to ponder at leisure.

Dunning-Davies, Jeremy

2013-09-01

289

The Araucanian in Chilean thought and culture, 1810-1997  

E-print Network

, 1810-1997 (December 1997) John Anthony Cothron, B. A. , Middle Tennessee State University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Henry C. Schmidt The object of this thesis is to determine the nature of perceptions of the Araucanian (Mapuche) Indians...THE ARAUCANIAN IN CHILEAN THOUGHT AND CULTURE, 1810-1997 A Thesis by JOHN ANTHONY COTHRON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS...

Cothron, John Anthony

1997-01-01

290

Thought suppression: specificity in agoraphobia versus broad impairment in social phobia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paradoxical effects of intended thought suppression have been linked to psychological disorders, specifically anxiety disorders. So far, the evidence for thought suppression playing a major role in the disorder is mixed. One important issue is whether thought suppression is impaired only for thoughts related to the disorder, or if the ability for mental control is generally impaired in anxiety

Lydia Fehm; Juergen Margraf

2002-01-01

291

Neural reactivation links unconscious thought to decision-making performance.  

PubMed

Brief periods of unconscious thought (UT) have been shown to improve decision making compared with making an immediate decision (ID). We reveal a neural mechanism for UT in decision making using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants (N = 33) encoded information on a set of consumer products (e.g. 48 attributes describing four different cars), and we manipulated whether participants (i) consciously thought about this information (conscious thought), (ii) completed a difficult 2-back working memory task (UT) or (iii) made an immediate decision about the consumer products (ID) in a within-subjects blocked design. To differentiate UT neural activity from 2-back working memory neural activity, participants completed an independent 2-back task and this neural activity was subtracted from neural activity occurring during the UT 2-back task. Consistent with a neural reactivation account, we found that the same regions activated during the encoding of complex decision information (right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and left intermediate visual cortex) continued to be activated during a subsequent 2-min UT period. Moreover, neural reactivation in these regions was predictive of subsequent behavioral decision-making performance after the UT period. These results provide initial evidence for post-encoding unconscious neural reactivation in facilitating decision making. PMID:23314012

Creswell, John David; Bursley, James K; Satpute, Ajay B

2013-12-01

292

Neural reactivation links unconscious thought to decision-making performance  

PubMed Central

Brief periods of unconscious thought (UT) have been shown to improve decision making compared with making an immediate decision (ID). We reveal a neural mechanism for UT in decision making using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants (N = 33) encoded information on a set of consumer products (e.g. 48 attributes describing four different cars), and we manipulated whether participants (i) consciously thought about this information (conscious thought), (ii) completed a difficult 2-back working memory task (UT) or (iii) made an immediate decision about the consumer products (ID) in a within-subjects blocked design. To differentiate UT neural activity from 2-back working memory neural activity, participants completed an independent 2-back task and this neural activity was subtracted from neural activity occurring during the UT 2-back task. Consistent with a neural reactivation account, we found that the same regions activated during the encoding of complex decision information (right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and left intermediate visual cortex) continued to be activated during a subsequent 2-min UT period. Moreover, neural reactivation in these regions was predictive of subsequent behavioral decision-making performance after the UT period. These results provide initial evidence for post-encoding unconscious neural reactivation in facilitating decision making. PMID:23314012

Bursley, James K.; Satpute, Ajay B.

2013-01-01

293

Validation of two food frequency questionnaires for dietary calcium assessment  

PubMed Central

Easily utilized questionnaires estimating dietary calcium intake would be a valuable asset to promoting skeletal health and a helpful research tool. Two calcium questionnaires, one online and one printed, were each compared to dietary calcium intake measured by a three-day diet record. Women completed the questionnaires in a randomized order and kept a 3-day food record at home, returning it by mail. The ethnicity of the 140 study participants was 102 Caucasian, 12 African American, 16 Asian, and 10 Latin women. The average age was 49 ± 15 years (mean ± SD) with a range of 22.7 to 89.9 years. Measures utilized included an online calcium quiz, a printed calcium food frequency questionnaire and one three-day diet record. Data analysis was conducted using Pearson correlation coefficients. Sub-analyses were conducted by ethnicity. The correlation between each questionnaire and the daily calcium intake from the diet records was 0.37, p<0.001. Among the ethnic subgroups, the correlations were highest for African American women, followed by Caucasian women. There was also a trend toward higher correlations in younger women. These simple calcium assessment tools, taking less than five minutes to complete, have correlation values with diet records similar to more complex food frequency questionnaires reported in the literature. These questionnaires may provide valuable tools to estimate calcium intake in research, clinical and community settings. PMID:19559142

Robertson, Trina P.; Sellmeyer, Deborah E.

2009-01-01

294

Automatic rapid attachable warhead section  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for (1) automatically selecting warheads or reentry vehicles from a storage area containing a plurality of types of warheads or reentry vehicles, (2) automatically selecting weapon carriers from a storage area containing at least one type of weapon carrier, (3) manipulating and aligning the selected warheads or reentry vehicles and weapon carriers, and (4) automatically coupling the warheads or reentry vehicles with the weapon carriers such that coupling of improperly selected warheads or reentry vehicles with weapon carriers is inhibited. Such inhibition enhances safety of operations and is achieved by a number of means including computer control of the process of selection and coupling and use of connectorless interfaces capable of assuring that improperly selected items will be rejected or rendered inoperable prior to coupling. Also disclosed are a method and apparatus wherein the stated principles pertaining to selection, coupling and inhibition are extended to apply to any item-to-be-carried and any carrying assembly.

Trennel, Anthony J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-05-10

295

Automatic programming of simulation models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The concepts of software engineering were used to improve the simulation modeling environment. Emphasis was placed on the application of an element of rapid prototyping, or automatic programming, to assist the modeler define the problem specification. Then, once the problem specification has been defined, an automatic code generator is used to write the simulation code. The following two domains were selected for evaluating the concepts of software engineering for discrete event simulation: manufacturing domain and a spacecraft countdown network sequence. The specific tasks were to: (1) define the software requirements for a graphical user interface to the Automatic Manufacturing Programming System (AMPS) system; (2) develop a graphical user interface for AMPS; and (3) compare the AMPS graphical interface with the AMPS interactive user interface.

Schroer, Bernard J.; Tseng, Fan T.; Zhang, Shou X.; Dwan, Wen S.

1990-01-01

296

The Language Relationship Questionnaire (LRQ): Implications for Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psycholinguistics, discourse patterns, and English as a second language were addressed in creating a theoretical framework for examining language in relationships. The Language Relationship Questionnaire was designed to provide an inventory language and its roles in relationships. (Contains 1 figure.)

Eckstein, Daniel; Juarez-Torres, Rachel; Perez-Gabriel, Ana Maria

2006-01-01

297

Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ)  

E-print Network

Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ) Professional ( ) ( ) Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager ( ) ( ) Christine Bauer, Assistant Director ( ) ( ) Janet AtkinsonCampus Center, Extended Studies, Position Title: Instructional Design Consultant Team Manager Employee Name: TBD

Barrash, Warren

298

LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________  

E-print Network

LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________ Are you aware of having an allergy to latex? YES NO If yes, please, Wheezing or Allergy like symptoms: Apples / Apricot / Avacado / Bananas / Carrots / Celery / Cherries

Leistikow, Bruce N.

299

Teacher Stress Questionnaire: validity and reliability study in Italy.  

PubMed

This study analyses the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire elaborated in England by Travers and Cooper in 1996. This Italian survey was completed by 863 teachers randomly drawn from a cross-section of Italian school levels. The construct validity of the questionnaire was verified by factor analysis and by measuring the internal consistency of the single scales. All dimensions measured by the Teacher Stress Questionnaire were compared for sample subgroups of all teacher levels. Several meaningful and reliable factors emerged from the factor analysis of the scales. The internal consistency of each scale (Cronbach's alpha) revealed satisfactory values. Teachers' age and school level were determining factors for all dimensions of stress explored. The Italian version of the Teacher Stress Questionnaire showed satisfactory psychometric properties and constitutes a useful and reliable measure to analyse stress in Italian schools. PMID:24597443

Zurlo, Maria Clelia; Pes, Daniela; Capasso, Roberto

2013-10-01

300

PARTI: JOB DESCRIPTION Weighted Job Questionnaire (WJQ) Custom  

E-print Network

computers using Event Business Management System (EBMS). · Produces and sends contracts and event plansPARTI: JOB DESCRIPTION Weighted Job Questionnaire (WJQ) Custom Meeting, Event and Conference Services Current Position Classification: Department's Position Title: Event Planning Assistant Evaluating

301

A quantitative and qualitative evaluation of an automatic occlusion device for tracheoesophageal speech: the Provox FreeHands HME.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate a new automatic tracheostoma valve: the Provox FreeHands HME (manufactured by Atos Medical AB, Sweden). Data from four laryngectomee participants using automatic and also manual occlusion were subjected to acoustic and perceptual analysis. The main results were a significant decrease, from the manual to automatic occlusion condition, in maximum phonation time, mean intensity of read speech and percentage pause time. There was an increase in random noise in the speech signal and a significant increase in extraneous noise caused by the device. Perceptual analysis revealed no clear functional impact of these differences. Data from a questionnaire and diary suggested the main advantage of automatic occlusion was the freedom to speak while performing manual tasks. The principal disadvantage appeared to be a decrease in base-plate seal duration. The results suggest that, for some clients, the FreeHands valve is a useful option for use alongside manual occlusion. PMID:16428236

Hamadé, Rachel; Hewlett, Nigel; Scanlon, Emer

2006-01-01

302

Comparison of questionnaire information and pharmacy data on drug use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information on chronic drug use at any time in the past was collected with a self-administered questionnaire as part of a prospective cohort study on diet, other life-style factors and cancer among subjects aged 55–69 years. The validity of the questionnaire information on drug use was evaluated among 207 subjects by comparing it to pharmacy records of dispensed drugs. The

Piet A. Van den Brandt; Hans Petri; Elisabeth Dorant; R. Alexandra Goldbohm; Sacha Van de Crommert

1991-01-01

303

Development of the PTSD-alcohol expectancy questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol effect expectancies have important implications in our understanding drinking behavior and motivations for drinking. Several instruments have been developed to asses alcohol expectancies among various populations. Although co-occurrence of PTSD among those with alcohol use disorders is extremely common, there is no measure of PTSD-related alcohol expectancies. The Post-traumatic stress disorder-Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (P-AEQ) is a 27-item, self-report questionnaire

Sonya B. Norman; Robyn K. Inaba; Tom L. Smith; Sandra A. Brown

2008-01-01

304

Construction of freezing of gait questionnaire for patients with Parkinsonism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common, poorly understood, parkinsonian symptom interfering with daily functioning and quality of life. Assessment of FOG is complex because of the episodic nature of this symptom, and the influence of mental and environmental factors on it.Objective: To design a self-reportable reliable questionnaire for FOG.Method: A questionnaire consisting of 16 items regarding gait and

N. Giladi; H. Shabtai; E. S. Simon; S. Biran; J. Tal; A. D. Korczyn

2000-01-01

305

Grinding Parts For Automatic Welding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rollers guide grinding tool along prospective welding path. Skatelike fixture holds rotary grinder or file for machining large-diameter rings or ring segments in preparation for welding. Operator grasps handles to push rolling fixture along part. Rollers maintain precise dimensional relationship so grinding wheel cuts precise depth. Fixture-mounted grinder machines surface to quality sufficient for automatic welding; manual welding with attendant variations and distortion not necessary. Developed to enable automatic welding of parts, manual welding of which resulted in weld bead permeated with microscopic fissures.

Burley, Richard K.; Hoult, William S.

1989-01-01

306

Mina de Malfois and the Thoughts on Yaoi, Part 3  

E-print Network

1 03:53 pm March 27th, 2007 mdmfans dreamer_marie Mina de Malfois and The Thoughts on Yaoi - Part 3 The last part of my interview with Mina. Questions in bold, answer in normal font. What's your favourite... fandom, for those not following it). Are you doing any original writing next to Mina? Will we be able to read a commercially published novel by you? Oh, goodness, no. That is, yes to the first part--I sometimes, for my own amusement and that of a...

2007-03-27

307

Mina de Malfois and the Thoughts on Yaoi, Part 1  

E-print Network

1 dreamer_marie wrote in mdmfans, 2007-02-15 19:05:00 Mina de Malfois and The Thoughts on Yaoi - Part 1 Last Sunday, I sat down with the author of Mina de Malfois for an interview. Here's the transcript. If you have questions you would... like me to ask her next time I chat with her, don't hesitate to leave a comment! My questions are in bold, and Mina's answers in plain font. Enjoy! First, thank you for agreeing to this interview. First question: how long have you been...

2007-02-15

308

Thoughtful nursing practice: reflections on nurse delegation decision-making.  

PubMed

This article discusses delegation challenges and legal and regulatory oversight associated with delegation in the clinical practice setting. The authors address moral and legal attributes of the roles and responsibilities of health care providers regarding delegating health care interventions. The article also explores guiding principles and rules of delegation within professional standards, national practice guidelines, and state nurse practice acts. Nurse experts provide thoughtful reflection on nursing models and the role of delegation, emphasizing the critical role of delegation in extending the role of the health care professional in patient care services. PMID:19850182

McInnis, Leigh Ann; Parsons, Lynn C

2009-12-01

309

Playing prosocial video games increases the accessibility of prosocial thoughts.  

PubMed

Past research has provided abundant evidence that playing violent video games increases aggressive tendencies. In contrast, evidence on possible positive effects of video game exposure on prosocial tendencies has been relatively sparse. The present research tested and found support for the hypothesis that exposure to prosocial video games increases the accessibility of prosocial thoughts. These results provide support to the predictive validity of the General Learning Model (Buckley & Anderson, 2006) for the effects of exposure to prosocial media on social tendencies. Thus, depending on the content of the video game, playing video games can harm but may also benefit social relations. PMID:21476457

Greitemeyer, Tobias; Osswald, Silvia

2011-01-01

310

[The placebo effect: is the wish father to the thought?].  

PubMed

The placebo effect remains an interesting topic for research. Recently, a systematic review estimated the percentage of responders after various placebo interventions in studies assessing prophylactic treatment for migraine. The authors report that after oral, pharmacologic placebos, 22% of patients reported an attack frequency reduction of > 50% and that after sham acupuncture, this percentage was 38%. In this commentary the methodological issues of the paper are discussed, and the conclusion is that in research into placebo effects the wish might be father to the thought. PMID:25027219

de Craen, A J M Ton

2014-01-01

311

Validity and reliability of activities coaching context questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background: Learning in a clinical environment is an inseparable part of a training program in medical education. To evaluate the quality of training in a clinical environment, a comprehensive questionnaire which is adjusted for local purposes is essential. This study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of Activities Coaching Context (ACC)-questionnaire from the perspective of residents and students in a clinical learning environment. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 65 residents and students of Semnan University of Medical Sciences. The Content Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the judgment of a panel of ten experts in medical education. The construct validity of the questionnaire was determined by factor analysis. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS16. Results: The ratio and index of content validity calculated by experts’ view were quite acceptable (0.31 and 0.7, respectively). Construct validity was examined by factor analysis which confirmed seven first order factors. Cronbach’s Alfa coefficient revealed a high degree of internal consistency (0.932). The reliability of the questionnaire was measured by test - retest (0.9). Conclusions: The ACC questionnaire appeared to be a valid, reliable and also appropriate tool to evaluate the educational quality of a clinical learning environment. PMID:25405107

Koohpayehzadeh, Jalil; Haji Ahmadi, Maryam; Dehnad, Afsaneh; Soltani Arabshahi, Seyed kamran; Bigdeli, Shoaleh; Yadollahi, Sohrab

2014-01-01

312

Thought Leaders during Crises in Massive Social Networks  

SciTech Connect

The vast amount of social media data that can be gathered from the internet coupled with workflows that utilize both commodity systems and massively parallel supercomputers, such as the Cray XMT, open new vistas for research to support health, defense, and national security. Computer technology now enables the analysis of graph structures containing more than 4 billion vertices joined by 34 billion edges along with metrics and massively parallel algorithms that exhibit near-linear scalability according to number of processors. The challenge lies in making this massive data and analysis comprehensible to an analyst and end-users that require actionable knowledge to carry out their duties. Simply stated, we have developed language and content agnostic techniques to reduce large graphs built from vast media corpora into forms people can understand. Specifically, our tools and metrics act as a survey tool to identify thought leaders' -- those members that lead or reflect the thoughts and opinions of an online community, independent of the source language.

Corley, Courtney D.; Farber, Robert M.; Reynolds, William

2012-05-24

313

Interpreting autism: a critique of Davidson on thought and language  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Donald Davidson's account of interpretation purports to be a priori, though I argue that the empirical facts about interpretation, theory of mind, and autism must be considered when examining the merits of Davidson's view. Developmental psychologists have made plausible claims about the existence of some people with autism who use language but who are unable to interpret the minds of others. This empirical claim undermines Davidson's theoretical claims that all speakers must be interpreters of other speakers and that one need not be a speaker in order to be a thinker. The falsity of these theses has consequences for other parts of Davidson's world-view; for example, it undermines his argument against animal thought. Donald Davidson's work on thought and language strikes me as a paradigm example of the limitations of an exclusively conceptual approach to the philosophy of mind. A lack of concern for the claims of experimental psychology can lead one down a path towards developing a philosophical theory of the mind which, though coherent, is disconnected from the world as understood through the sciences. In order to defend the claim that one's theory corresponds to the actual state of affairs in the world, there must be at least some evidence that the world is the way presupposed by the theory. Merely showing that a theory is consistent is not sufficient justification. My concern is that Davidson does not have the strings

Kristin Andrews; Issn -/print/issn -x/online//- Taylor

314

International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire (NZPAQ): A doubly labelled water validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of physical activity is a pre-requisite for monitoring population health and for evaluating effective interventions. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is used as a comparable and standardised self-report measure of habitual physical activity of populations from different countries and socio-cultural contexts. The IPAQ has been modified to produce a New Zealand physical activity questionnaire (NZPAQ). The

Ralph Maddison; Cliona Ni Mhurchu; Yannan Jiang; Stephen Vander Hoorn; Anthony Rodgers; Carlene MM Lawes; Elaine Rush

2007-01-01

315

The HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire: Development and Evaluation of a Reliable, Valid, and Practical Self-Administered Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed and evaluated a self-administered questionnaire of knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection for use in program evaluation. Formative work led to the development of the 62-item HIV-Knowledge Questionnaire (HIV-K-Q), which was administered to 409 women and 227 men. Item analyses resulted in the deletion of 17 items that were either too easy or did not correlate

Michael P. Carey; Dianne Morrison-Beedy; Blair T. Johnson

1997-01-01

316

Automatic Abstraction for Intervals Using Boolean Formulae  

E-print Network

elimination algorithms, and provides a systematic way of handling wrap-arounds (integer over- flows automatic way. 1.1 The Drive for Automatic Abstraction One reason for automation stems from operations

Kent, University of

317

Feature analysis for automatic speechreading  

Microsoft Academic Search

Audio-visual automatic speech recognition systems use visual information to enhance ASR systems in clean and noisy environments. This paper investigates a number of different visual feature extraction methods. It was observed that when performing visual speech recognition the visual feature vector requires a base level of detail for improved recognition. Geometric feature extraction provides lower recognition than pixel based methods

P. Scanlon; R. Reilly

2001-01-01

318

John Lygeros Automatic Control Laboratory  

E-print Network

International, Menlo Park, California Research Engineer (part time), Applied Physical Sciences Laboratory May Research Laboratories June 1988 - July 1988: Hellenic Aspropyrgos Refinery, Greece Intern Honors and AwardsJohn Lygeros ETH Zurich Automatic Control Laboratory ETL I 22, Physikstrasse 3 CH-8092 Zurich

Lygeros, John

319

Automatic Classification of Breast Tissue  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent trend in digital mammography are CAD systems, which are computerized tools designed to help radiologists. Most of these systems are used for the automatic detection of abnormalities. However, recent studies have shown that their sensitivity is significantly decreased as the density of the breast is increased. In addition, the suitability of abnormality segmentation approaches tends to depend on

Arnau Oliver; Jordi Freixenet; Anna Bosch; David Raba; Reyer Zwiggelaar

2005-01-01

320

ICAR: Identity Card Automatic Reader  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the ICAR system, an application for automatic reading of identity cards and passports. The system acquires the image of the document by a flatbed scanner and recognizes the type of the document among a set of predefined models using color information. Textual fields are located in the image by a connected component analysis and identified in terms

Josep Lladós; Felipe Lumbreras; Vicente Chapaprieta; Joan Queralt

2001-01-01

321

Automatic scaling of digital ionograms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new system has been devised to automatically scale digital ordinary-ray ionograms. The system has been developed for use at midlatitudes and has been trained on a full set of ionograms that are typical of the region. This paper describes the stages adopted in forming, recognizing, and scaling traces from the various ionospheric layers. Examples of the output available with

Matthew W. Fox; Craig Blundell

1989-01-01

322

Automatic transmission for a vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

An automatic transmission is described for a vehicle, comprising: a coupling means having an input shaft and an output shaft; a belt type continuously-variable speed transmission system having an input pulley mounted coaxially on a first shaft, an output pulley mounted coaxially on a second shaft and a belt extending between the first and second pulleys to transfer power, each

S. Moroto; S. Sakakibara

1986-01-01

323

Automatic Invention of Integer Sequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the application of the HR program (Colton, Bundy, & Walsh 1999) to the problem of automatically in- venting integer sequences. Seventeen sequences invented by HR are interesting enough to have been accepted into the En- cyclopedia of Integer Sequences (Sloane 2000) and all were supplied with interesting conjectures about their nature, also discovered by HR. By extending

Simon Colton; Alan Bundy; Toby Walsh

2000-01-01

324

Automatic identification of sound recordings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have designed an automatic song identification component of a digital rights management (DRM) system for music, called MusicDNA. The details of MusicDNA are presented and the process by which we arrived at the final system configuration is outlined. This paper documents our experiences so that it can serve as a reference to those seeking to build a complete DRM

V. Venkatachalam; L. Cazzanti; N. Dhillon; M. Wells

2004-01-01

325

An automatic adiabatic bomb calorimeter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper details the conversion of an existing isothermal bomb calorimeter to an adiabatic calorimeter with automatic control. Thermistors in the inner and outer vessels are included in two arms of an a.c. Wheatstone bridge: any rise in temperature of the inner vessel above that of the outer vessel results in phase reversal of the output voltage from the bridge,

W F Raymond; R J Canaway; C E Harris

1957-01-01

326

Graphonomics, Automaticity and Handwriting Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent review of handwriting research in "Literacy" concluded that current curricula of handwriting education focus too much on writing style and neatness and neglect the aspect of handwriting automaticity. This conclusion is supported by evidence in the field of graphonomic research, where a range of experiments have been used to investigate…

Tucha, Oliver; Tucha, Lara; Lange, Klaus W.

2008-01-01

327

Automatic wood burning heating stove  

Microsoft Academic Search

An automatic wood burning heating stove has a fire chamber, a fuel feeding opening, closeably by an airtight door which is removable to convert the heater to an open fireplace. The door has a reflective ceramic surface on its inner face to direct heat toward preheating tubes having outlets directed above the fire zone. The door also reflects heat toward

K. H. McIntire; J. E. McIntire

1978-01-01

328

Automatic Error Analysis Using Intervals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A technique for automatic error analysis using interval mathematics is introduced. A comparison to standard error propagation methods shows that in cases involving complicated formulas, the interval approach gives comparable error estimates with much less effort. Several examples are considered, and numerical errors are computed using the INTLAB…

Rothwell, E. J.; Cloud, M. J.

2012-01-01

329

SUPPLE: automatically generating user interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to give people ubiquitous access to software applications, device controllers, and Internet services, it will be necessary to automatically adapt user interfaces to the computational devices at hand (eg, cell phones, PDAs, touch panels, etc.). While previous researchers have proposed solutions to this problem, each has limitations. This paper proposes a novel solution based on treating interface adaptation

Krzysztof Gajos; Daniel S. Weld

2004-01-01

330

Automatic recognition of film genres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Film genres in digital video can be detected automatically. In a three-step approach we analyze first the syntactic properties of digital films: color statistics, cut detection, camera motion, object motion and audio. In a second step we use these statistics to derive at a more abstract level film style attributes such as camera panning and zooming, speech and music. These

Stephan Fischer; Rainer Lienhart; Wolfgang Effelsberg

1995-01-01

331

Views of patients about sickle cell disease management in primary care: a questionnaire-based pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine how patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) perceive the quality of care that they receive from their primary healthcare providers. Design A questionnaire-based pilot study was used to elicit the views of patients about the quality of care they have been receiving from their primary healthcare providers and what they thought was the role of primary care in SCD management. Setting Sickle Cell Society and Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Centre, in the London Borough of Brent. Participants One hundred questionnaires were distributed to potential participants with SCD between November 2010 and July 2011 of which 40 participants responded. Main outcome measures Analysis of 40 patient questionnaires collected over a nine-month period. Results Most patients are generally not satisfied with the quality of care that they are receiving from their primary healthcare providers for SCD. Most do not make use of general practitioner (GP) services for management of their SCD. Collecting prescriptions was the reason most cited for visiting the GP. Conclusion GPs could help improve the day-to-day management of patients with SCD. This could be facilitated by local quality improvement schemes in areas with high disease prevalence. The results of the survey have been used to help develop a GP education intervention and a local enhanced service to support primary healthcare clinicians with SCD's ongoing management. PMID:23323196

AlJuburi, G; Okoye, O; Majeed, A; Knight, Y; Green, SA; Banarsee, R; Nkohkwo, A; Ojeer, P; Ndive, C; Oni, L; Phekoo, KJ

2012-01-01

332

How automatic are crossmodal correspondences?  

PubMed

The last couple of years have seen a rapid growth of interest (especially amongst cognitive psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, and developmental researchers) in the study of crossmodal correspondences - the tendency for our brains (not to mention the brains of other species) to preferentially associate certain features or dimensions of stimuli across the senses. By now, robust empirical evidence supports the existence of numerous crossmodal correspondences, affecting people's performance across a wide range of psychological tasks - in everything from the redundant target effect paradigm through to studies of the Implicit Association Test, and from speeded discrimination/classification tasks through to unspeeded spatial localisation and temporal order judgment tasks. However, one question that has yet to receive a satisfactory answer is whether crossmodal correspondences automatically affect people's performance (in all, or at least in a subset of tasks), as opposed to reflecting more of a strategic, or top-down, phenomenon. Here, we review the latest research on the topic of crossmodal correspondences to have addressed this issue. We argue that answering the question will require researchers to be more precise in terms of defining what exactly automaticity entails. Furthermore, one's answer to the automaticity question may also hinge on the answer to a second question: Namely, whether crossmodal correspondences are all 'of a kind', or whether instead there may be several different kinds of crossmodal mapping (e.g., statistical, structural, and semantic). Different answers to the automaticity question may then be revealed depending on the type of correspondence under consideration. We make a number of suggestions for future research that might help to determine just how automatic crossmodal correspondences really are. PMID:23370382

Spence, Charles; Deroy, Ophelia

2013-03-01

333

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2012-10-01

334

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2011-10-01

335

46 CFR 63.25-1 - Small automatic auxiliary boilers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Small automatic auxiliary boilers. 63.25-1 Section 63.25-1...MARINE ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC AUXILIARY BOILERS Requirements for Specific Types of Automatic Auxiliary Boilers § 63.25-1 Small automatic...

2013-10-01

336

Automatic Control Flow Generation from Software Architectures  

E-print Network

-time automatically. To achieve this we take a different approach to system construction. We take control out.-K. Lau and V. Ukis generic connectors, and generate control flow of the system automatically at run in different systems with different control flows. Our automatic runtime control flow generation not only

Lau, Kung-Kiu

337

PROPERTIES OF AGEBASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS  

E-print Network

PROPERTIES OF AGE­BASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS A Dissertation Presented by DARKO­BASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS A Dissertation Presented by DARKO STEFANOVI â?? C Approved as to style­BASED AUTOMATIC MEMORY RECLAMATION ALGORITHMS FEBRUARY 1999 DARKO STEFANOVI â?? C Dipl.Ing., UNIVERSITY OF BELGRADE

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

338

SemiAutomatic Image Segmentation: A Bimodal  

E-print Network

Semi­Automatic Image Segmentation: A Bimodal Thresholding Approach Hanwei Shen Christopher R­automatic image segmentation tool which combines con­ ventional manual segmentation utilities with a novel automatic image segmentation algorithm. Manual segmentation is achieved by dropping control points

Utah, University of

339

Robot calibration using an automatic theodolite  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Vision Based Automatic Theodolite (VBAT) is an automatic partial pose measurement system for robot calibration. It uses low resolution rotation stages and resolution enhancement from a vision system to determine the line-of-sight to a spherical illuminated target. Automatic tracking, focusing, and centring provide the calibration system with speed, reliability, and repeatability. A kinematic model of the VBAT is described

Morris R. Driels; Uday S. Pathre

1994-01-01

340

Development and Validation of the Cognitive Behavioral Physical Activity Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose . Develop and demonstrate preliminary validation of a brief questionnaire aimed at assessing social cognitive determinants of physical activity (PA) in a college population. Design . Quantitative and observational. Setting . A midsized northeastern university. Subjects . Convenience sample of 827 male and female college students age 18 to 24 years. Measures . International Physical Activity Questionnaire and a PA stage-of-change algorithm. Analysis . A sequential process of survey development, including item generation and data reduction analyses by factor analysis, was followed with the goal of creating a parsimonious questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used for confirmatory factor analysis and construct validation was confirmed against self-reported PA and stage of change. Validation analyses were replicated in a second, independent sample of 1032 college students. Results . Fifteen items reflecting PA self-regulation, outcome expectations, and personal barriers explained 65% of the questionnaire data and explained 28.6% and 39.5% of the variance in total PA and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA, respectively. Scale scores were distinguishable across the stages of change. Findings were similar when the Cognitive Behavioral Physical Activity Questionnaire (CBPAQ) was tested in a similar and independent sample of college students (40%; R(2) moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA = .40; p < .001). Conclusion . The CBPAQ successfully explains and predicts PA behavior in a college population, warranting its incorporation into future studies aiming at understanding and improving on PA behavior in college students. PMID:25162324

Schembre, Susan M; Durand, Casey P; Blissmer, Bryan J; Greene, Geoffrey W

2014-08-27

341

78 FR 29375 - Protected Critical Infrastructure Information (PCII) Office Self-Assessment Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PCII) Office Self- Assessment Questionnaire AGENCY: National...in accordance with 5 CFR 1320.10...4(d). This questionnaire is designed to gather...PCII) Office Self-Assessment Questionnaire. OMB Number:...

2013-05-20

342

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about the household using the primary resident (IRN 01) and other residents who chose to participate. The information is from 362 Baseline Questionnaires for 201 households. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to ...

343

75 FR 16737 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Questionnaire Pretesting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Census Bureau and survey sponsors to improve questionnaires and procedures, reduce...and economic census and survey questionnaires prior to fielding them...measurement problems with the questionnaire or survey procedure:...

2010-04-02

344

78 FR 23743 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Questionnaire Pretesting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Census Bureau and survey sponsors to improve questionnaires and procedures, reduce...and economic census and survey questionnaires prior to fielding them...measurement problems with the questionnaire or survey procedure:...

2013-04-22

345

78 FR 37245 - Submission for Review: OPM Form 1203-FX, Occupational Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review: OPM Form 1203-FX, Occupational Questionnaire AGENCY: U...request (ICR) 3206-0040, Occupational Questionnaire, OPM Form...necessary for the proper performance of the functions of OPM...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Occupational Questionnaire is an...

2013-06-20

346

78 FR 59983 - Submission for Review: OPM Form 1203-FX, Occupational Questionnaire, 3206-0040  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review: OPM Form 1203-FX, Occupational Questionnaire, 3206-0040...request (ICR) 3206-0040, Occupational Questionnaire, OPM Form...necessary for the proper performance of the functions of OPM...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Occupational Questionnaire is an...

2013-09-30

347

75 FR 69047 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Questionnaire on Business-Related Visa Processes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Questionnaire on Business-Related...that support the free flow of products, services...associations use the questionnaire to report instances...derived from completed questionnaires is critical to enabling...trade associations,...

2010-11-10

348

Automatic Flight Guidance Using the Portable Automatic Calibration Tracker Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of guiding an instrumented aircraft to follow a pre-assigned trajectory using the Portable Automatic Calibration Tracker (PACT) data is considered in this paper. Guidance control is formulated as an optimal linear state regulator problem for a discrete time-delayed system. Responses to some flight courses of interest have, been achieved through computer system simulation. Post-flight test data obtained from

Ching-Tai Lin

1975-01-01

349

Sexuality in advanced age in Jewish thought and law.  

PubMed

Judaism has a positive attitude to sexual relations within a marriage, and views such sexual relations as important not only for procreation but also as part of the framework of marriage. This is true for any age group, and sexuality is seen as an essential element of marriage for couples of advanced age. In this article, the authors present the views of Jewish law and thought regarding sexuality among older couples. The authors illustrate this using 3 case studies of couples who sought guidance in the area of sexuality. In addition, this area of counseling benefits greatly from an ongoing relationship and dialogue between expert rabbis in the field and therapists treating older Orthodox Jewish patients for sexual dysfunction. The triad relationship of couple, therapist, and rabbi enhances the ability to treat and assist such couples to seek treatment and overcome their difficulties. PMID:24313599

David, Benjamin E; Weitzman, Gideon A

2015-01-01

350

Deafness, Thought-Bubbles and Theory of Mind Development  

PubMed Central

The processes and mechanisms of theory of mind development were examined via a training study of false belief conceptions in deaf children of hearing parents (N = 43). In comparison to two different control conditions, training based on thought-bubble instruction about beliefs was linked with improved false belief understanding as well as progress on a broader theory-of-mind scale. By combining intervention, microgenetic, and developmental-scaling methods the findings provide informative data about the nature and mechanisms of theory-of-mind change in deaf children, as well as an initial demonstration of a useful intervention for enhancing social cognition in deaf children of hearing parents. The methods and results also point to possible avenues for the study of conceptual change more generally. PMID:23544856

Wellman, Henry M.; Peterson, Candida C.

2013-01-01

351

[George Herbert Mead. Thought as the conversation of interior gestures].  

PubMed

For George Herbert Mead, thinking amounts to holding an "inner conversation of gestures ". Such a conception does not seem especially original at first glance. What makes it truly original is the "social-behavioral" approach of which it is a part, and, particularly, two ideas. The first is that the conversation in question is a conversation of gestures or attitudes, and the second, that thought and reflexive intelligence arise from the internalization of an external process supported by the social mechanism of communication: that of conduct organization. It imports then to understand what distinguishes such ideas from those of the founder of behavioral psychology, John B. Watson, for whom thinking amounts to nothing other than subvocal speech. PMID:20533805

Quéré, Louis

2010-01-01

352

Changes in the lifetime prevalence of suicidal feelings and thoughts among Norwegian doctors from 2000 to 2010: a longitudinal study based on national samples  

PubMed Central

Background Thinking about suicide is an indicator of suicide risk. Suicide rates are higher among doctors than in the population. The main aims of this study are to describe the changes in the lifetime prevalence of suicidal feelings from 2000 to 2010 and the possible predictors of serious suicidal thoughts in 2010 among Norwegian doctors. Differences in lifetime prevalence of suicidal feelings between Norwegian doctors in 2010 and German doctors in 2006 will be also described. Methods Longitudinal and cross-sectional study based on questionnaire data from 2000 and 2010, including approximately 1,600 Norwegian doctors. In Germany, cross-sectional study based on questionnaire data from 2006 among a sample of 3,295 doctors. The main outcome measures were the lifetime prevalence of suicidal feelings (felt life was not worth living, wished own death, had thoughts of taking own life). Results The prevalences in 2000 and 2010 of ever had feelings of life not worth living were 48 (44 to 52) % and 45 (41 to 49) %, of ever wished own death 27 (23 to 30) % and 23 (20 to 26) %, and of ever had thoughts of taking own life 29 (16 to 33) % and 24 (21 to 27) %. Paired t-tests among those who responded both in 2000 and 2010 show significant reductions for felt life not worth living (t = ?3.4; p = 0.001), wished own death (t = ?3.1; p = 0.002) and had thoughts of taking own life (t = ?3.5; p < 0.0001). In 2010, significant predictors of serious suicidal thoughts in a multivariate model were low subjective well-being (OR 0.68; 95% CI 0.52-0.90), poor or average self-rated health (2.36; 1.25-4.45) and high psychosocial work stress (1.92; 1.06-3.46), controlled for age, gender, speciality and job satisfaction. Norwegian doctors in 2010 compared with their German counterparts in 2006 reported quite similar prevalences of suicidal feelings. Conclusions Suicidal feelings among Norwegian doctors decreased from 2000 to 2010. Individual and work-related factors may to certain explain these findings. Compared with other professionals in Norway and doctors in Germany, Norwegian doctors showed no higher risk of suicidal thoughts. PMID:24286517

2013-01-01

353

Poincaré's Light Signaling and Clock Synchronization Thought Experiment and its Possible Inspiration to Einstein  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Before 1905 Poincaré defined Lorentz's local time by means of a thought experiment in which observers synchronize their watches with light signals. In 1905 Einstein presented a similar thought experiment in his relativity paper. The similarity between Poincaré's and Einstein's thought experiment is striking. I suggest that Poincaré's thought experiment before 1905 may have indirectly assisted Einstein in formulating the theory that he had already discovered during the seven years of reflections between 1898 and 1905.

Granek, Galina

2006-11-01

354

Obsessional beliefs and the implicit and explicit morality of intrusive thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) suggest that misinterpreting intrusive thoughts exacerbates obsessional thinking. To evaluate this hypothesis, healthy participants (N=91) were prompted to recollect their unwanted thoughts, and then beliefs about the immorality of these thoughts were manipulated. Next, participants completed implicit and explicit measures of self-evaluation and appraisals of unwanted thoughts. Results from structural regression analyses indicated that

Bethany A. Teachman; Elise M. Clerkin

2007-01-01

355

Haemangioma family burden: creation of a specific questionnaire.  

PubMed

To develop and validate a specific questionnaire to assess burden on families of children with infantile haemangioma (IH): the Haemangioma Family Burden questionnaire (HFB). Items were generated from a literature review and a verbatim report from parents. Subsequently, a study was implemented at the Necker Hospital and the Pellegrin Children's Hospital for psychometric analysis. The HFB was refined via item reduction according to inter-question correlations, consensus among experts and exploratory factor analysis. A 20-item questionnaire, grouped into 5 dimensions, was obtained. Construct validity was demonstrated and HFB showed good internal coherence (Cronbach's ?: 0.93). The HFB was significantly correlated with the mental dimension of the Short-Form-12 (r?=?-0.75), and the Psychological General Well-Being Index (r?=?-0.61). HFB scores differed significantly according to the size and localization of the IH. A validated tool for assessing the burden on families of children with IH is now available. PMID:24676555

Boccara, Olivia; Méni, Cecile; Léauté-Labreze, Christine; Bodemer, Christine; Voisard, Jean-Jacques; Dufresne, Hélène; Brauchoux, Sébastien; Taieb, Charles

2015-01-15

356

Individual significance of olfaction: development of a questionnaire.  

PubMed

Clinical experience shows that the individual significance of olfactory function varies between subjects. In order to estimate these individual differences we developed a questionnaire to study the subjective importance of the sense of smell. Questions were arranged within three subscales: association with olfactory sensations, application of the sense of smell, and the readiness to draw consequences from the olfactory perception. The questionnaire was shown to be time efficient, suitable for normosmic subjects and patients with hyposmia or anosmia. It exhibited a good internal reliability (Cronbach's Alpha = 0.77). First results in 123 subjects indicate that the subjective importance of the sense of smell stays at the same level throughout life-span despite of a decreased olfactory sensitivity. Furthermore, women reported a higher importance of olfaction. It is hoped that this questionnaire will contribute to clarify, for example, cross-cultural differences in the perception of odours. PMID:19626331

Croy, Ilona; Buschhüter, Dorothee; Seo, Han-Seok; Negoias, Simona; Hummel, Thomas

2010-01-01

357

Dream rebound of suppressed emotional thoughts: The influence of cognitive load  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial evidence suggests that suppressing a thought prior to sleep results in subsequent dreaming of that thought. The present research examined the influence of cognitive load on dreaming following suppression. In Experiment 1, 100 participants received either a suppression instruction or no instruction for an intrusive thought prior to sleep, and subsequently completed a dream diary. Participants instructed to suppress

Richard A. Bryant; Miriam Wyzenbeek; Julia Weinstein

2011-01-01

358

The Limits of Selflessness Semantic Relativism and the Epistemology of De Se Thoughts  

E-print Network

1/26 The Limits of Selflessness Semantic Relativism and the Epistemology of De Se Thoughts the theory of much of its explanatory power. 1 De se thoughts: at the crossroads between epistemology and semantics 1.1 De se thoughts and their epistemological import I feel cold, want to be warm, see

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

359

The Epistemology of Thought Experiments: First Person versus Third Person Approaches  

E-print Network

The Epistemology of Thought Experiments: First Person versus Third Person Approaches KIRK LUDWIG There has been a movement recently to bring to bear on the conduct of philo- sophical thought experiments (henceforth "thought experiments")1 the empirical techniques of the social sciences, that is, to treat

Indiana University

360

The Relationships among Calling, Religiousness, and Dysfunctional Career Thoughts in Public University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among calling, religiousness, and dysfunctional career thoughts. Though the cognitive processes in the career decision-making process have been a focus of research in recent years, the relationship between career thoughts and calling has only been studied once and career thoughts

Rodriguez, Stefanie Josephine

2011-01-01

361

Feedback about Earthquake Early Warning: Questionnaire survey after the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake (Mw9.0)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We will report the results of a questionnaire survey on Earthquake Early Warning (EEW), conducted by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) in February 2012, approximately one year after the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake (Mw9.0). In the questionnaire survey, which is based on the performance of the 5-year operation of EEW, the respondents were asked how they obtained EEW, how they reacted to EEW and how useful they considered EEW as a safety measure against strong ground shaking. Respondents numbered 817 in the Tohoku district survey and 2,000 in the nationwide survey. Most respondents received EEW messages from TV or cell phone broadcast mail service. Most respondents took some actions in the Tohoku district (74 percent) and nationwide (54 percent); 16 and 17 percent, respectively, tried to take action but could not; and 10 and 29 percent, respectively, did nothing. More than 90 and 80 percent of respondents thought EEW was useful in the Tohoku district and nationwide, respectively. Many people stated that EEW helped them prepare for strong shaking, even if they did not actually take specific actions. The percentage of respondents evaluating EEW to be useful was larger among Tohoku than nationwide. Likewise, the percentage of people who were able to take useful actions was larger in the Tohoku than nationwide. The difference may be attributed to the degree of experience of EEW that had been frequently issued particularly to the Tohoku district since March the 11th 2011. The benefit of the EEW system was recognized both as a trigger of taking actual actions and as an aid to mental preparedness before strong jolts began. Most people considered that the EEW system was useful despite of some false alarms. Although it is necessary to improve the EEW system to reduce false alarms and make the predictions more precise, the results of this survey should be encouraging to the community of promoting and researching EEW.

Nakamura, M.; Hoshiba, M.; Matsui, M.; Hayashimoto, N.; Wakayama, A.

2013-05-01

362

Development and validation of the Newcastle laryngeal hypersensitivity questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Laryngeal hypersensitivity may be an important component of the common disorders of laryngeal motor dysfunction including chronic refractory cough, pdoxical vocal fold movement (vocal cord dysfunction), muscle tension dysphonia, and globus pharyngeus. Patients with these conditions frequently report sensory disturbances, and an emerging concept of the ‘irritable larynx’ suggests common features of a sensory neuropathic dysfunction as a part of these disorders. The aim of this study was to develop a Laryngeal Hypersensitivity Questionnaire for patients with laryngeal dysfunction syndromes in order to measure the laryngeal sensory disturbance occurring in these conditions. Methods The 97 participants included 82 patients referred to speech pathology for behavioural management of laryngeal dysfunction and 15 healthy controls. The participants completed a 21 item self administered questionnaire regarding symptoms of abnormal laryngeal sensation. Factor analysis was conducted to examine correlations between items. Discriminant analysis and responsiveness to change were evaluated. Results The final questionnaire comprised 14 items across three domains: obstruction, pain/thermal, and irritation. The questionnaire demonstrated significant discriminant validity with a mean difference between the patients with laryngeal disorders and healthy controls of 5.5. The clinical groups with laryngeal hypersensitivity had similar abnormal scores. Furthermore the Newcastle Laryngeal Hypersensitivity Questionnaire (LHQ) showed improvement following behavioural speech pathology intervention with a mean reduction in LHQ score of 2.3. Conclusion The Newcastle Laryngeal Hypersensitivity Questionnaire is a simple, non-invasive tool to measure laryngeal pesthesia in patients with laryngeal conditions such as chronic cough, pdoxical vocal fold movement (vocal cord dysfunction), muscle tension dysphonia, and globus pharyngeus. It can successfully differentiate patients from healthy controls and measure change following intervention. It is a promising tool for use in clinical research and practice. PMID:24552215

2014-01-01

363

Validation of a Persian Version of Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

In Iran, road traffic injuries are the first cause of burden of disease and motorcyclists are the most vulnerable road users. Elliot and colleagues developed the “Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire” (MRBQ), on the basis of Reason’s “Driver Behavior Questionnaire” (DBQ) in 2007. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of a Persian version of MRBQ. The 43-item MRBQ was adapted to Persian according to translation-back translation method. The questionnaire was significantly revised after assessment of content validity. In the revised version, 10 items of original MRBQ were deleted and 15 new items were added. The revised MRBQ was used in a survey of 518 motorcyclists. To assess the construct validity of MRBQ, we used Buss-Perry Aggression questionnaire concurrently on all of the subjects. After three weeks, we carried out the retest study on 119 out of 518 subjects. The mean age of the subjects was 32.5 years (SD=8.8). All of the participants were male with mean of 9.3 years of motorcycle riding experience (SD=7.3). Principal Components Analysis (PCA) showed six subscales: “Speed Violations”, “Traffic Errors”, “Safety Violations”, “Traffic Violations”, “Stunts” and “Control Errors”, which accounted for 36.44% of total variance together. For each of these subscales, Cronbach’s Alpha was between 0.79 to 0.91. Intraclass Correlation Coefficient for six subscales and total questionnaire were from 0.73 to 0.91. There were significant correlations between MRBQ subscales and subscales of Buss-Perry aggression questionnaire. The results indicated that the 48-item Persian version of MRBQ is a suitable measure for studying motorcyclists’ behavior. PMID:22105387

Motevalian, Seyed Abbas; Asadi-Lari, Mohsen; Rahimi, Habibollah; Eftekhar, Mehrdad

2011-01-01

364

A cardiovascular extension of the Health Measurement Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychometric properties of a cardiovascular extension of an existing utility-based quality of life questionnaire (Health Measurement Questionnaire). The new instrument has been named the Utility Based Quality of life--Heart questionnaire, or UBQ-H. DESIGN: Explored the test-retest reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the UBQ-H. PATIENTS: A sample of 322 patients attending cardiac outpatient clinics were recruited from two large metropolitan teaching hospitals. A second sample of 1112 patients taking part in the LIPID trial was also used to investigate the validity and responsiveness of the UBQ-H. RESULTS: Ninety per cent of all UBQ-H questionnaires were returned, and item completion rates were high (median of less than 1% missing or N/A answers). Cronbach's alpha measure of internal consistency for the scales ranged between 0.79- 0.91, and each item was also most strongly correlated with its hypothesised domain than alternative domains. The intra-class test- retest reliability of the UBQ-H scales ranged from 0.65 to 0.81 for patients with stable health. Results supported the construct validity of the UBQ-H. The UBQ-H was significantly correlated with other information on quality of life (for example, General Health Questionnaire) as anticipated. The instrument was able to distinguish between contrasted groups of patients (for example, with versus without symptoms of dyspnoea, prior myocardial infarction versus none, etc), and was responsive to changes in health associated with adverse events requiring hospitalisation. CONCLUSIONS: The modifications made to the Health Measurement Questionnaire has resulted in an assessment designed for cardiovascular patients that has proved to be both reliable and valid.   PMID:10562879

Martin, A. J.; Glasziou, P. P.; Simes, R. J.

1999-01-01

365

Validation of a Questionnaire to Screen for Shift Work Disorder  

PubMed Central

Study Objective: At least 15% of the full-time work force is shift workers. Working during the overnight hours, early morning start times, and variable or rotating schedules present a challenge to the circadian system, and these shifts are associated with adverse health and safety consequences. Shift work disorder (SWD), a primary (circadian rhythm) sleep disorder indicated by excessive daytime sleepiness and/or insomnia associated with a shiftwork schedule, is under-recognized by primary care physicians. We sought to develop and validate a questionnaire to screen for high risk of SWD in a shift working population. Design: Shift workers completed a 26-item questionnaire and were evaluated by a sleep specialist (physician) who diagnosed them as either positive or negative for SWD. The physician assessment of SWD was guided by a flow chart that operationalized the ICSD-2 criteria for SWD. Setting: 18 sleep clinics in the USA. Patients or Participants: 311 shift workers. Interventions: Not applicable. Measurements and Results: Responses to the items in the questionnaire were entered into a series of discrimination function analyses to determine the diagnostic value of the items and the fewest number of questions with the best predictive value. The function was then cross-validated. A final 4-item questionnaire has 89% positive predictive value and 62% negative predictive value (sensitivity = 0.74; specificity = 0.82). Conclusions: This Shiftwork Disorder Screening Questionnaire may be appropriate for use in primary care settings to aid in the diagnosis of SWD. Citation: Barger LK; Ogeil RP; Drake CL; O'Brien CS; Ng KT; Rajaratnam SMW. Validation of a questionnaire to screen for shift work disorder. SLEEP 2012;35(12):1693–1703. PMID:23204612

Barger, Laura K.; Ogeil, Rowan P.; Drake, Christopher L.; O'Brien, Conor S.; Ng, Kim T.; Rajaratnam, Shantha M. W.

2012-01-01

366

Clinical trial participants’ experiences of completing questionnaires: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To improve clinical study developments for elderly populations, we aim to understand how they transfer their experiences into validated, standardised self-completed study measurement instruments. We analysed how women (mean 78±8?years of age) participating in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) cognised study instruments used to evaluate outcomes of the intervention. Setting The interview study was nested in an RCT on chronic neck pain using common measurement instruments situated in an elderly community in Berlin, Germany, which comprised of units for independent and assisted-living options. Participants The sample (n=20 women) was selected from the RCT sample (n=117, 95% women, mean age 76 (SD±8)?years). Interview participants were selected using a purposive sampling list based on the RCT outcomes. Outcomes We asked participants about their experiences completing the RCT questionnaires. Interviews were analysed thematically, then compared with the questionnaires. Results Interviewees had difficulties in translating complex experiences into a single value on a scale and understanding the relationship of the questionnaires to study aims. Interviewees considered important for the trial that their actual experiences were understood by trial organisers. This information was not transferrable by means of the questionnaires. To rectify these difficulties, interviewees used strategies such as adding notes, adding response categories or skipping an item. Conclusions Elderly interview participants understood the importance of completing questionnaires for trial success. This led to strategies of completing the questionnaires that resulted in ‘missing’ or ambiguous data. To improve data collection in elderly populations, educational materials addressing the differential logics should be developed and tested. Pilot testing validated instruments using cognitive interviews may be particularly important in such populations. Finally, when the target of an intervention is a subjective experience, it seems important to create a method by which participants can convey their personal experiences. These could be nested qualitative studies. Trial registration number ISRCTN77108101807. PMID:24662446

Holmberg, Christine; Karner, Julia J; Rappenecker, Julia; Witt, Claudia M

2014-01-01

367

Toward automatic finite element analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two problems must be solved if the finite element method is to become a reliable and affordable blackbox engineering tool. Finite element meshes must be generated automatically from computer aided design databases and mesh analysis must be made self-adaptive. The experimental system described solves both problems in 2-D through spatial and analytical substructuring techniques that are now being extended into 3-D.

Kela, Ajay; Perucchio, Renato; Voelcker, Herbert

1987-01-01

368

AUTOMATIC SPEECHREADING OF IMPAIRED SPEECH  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the use of visual, mouth-region information in improving automatic speech recognition (ASR) of the speech impaired. Given the video of an utterance by such a subject, we first extract appearance-based visual features from the mouth region-of-interest, and we use a feature fu- sion method to combine them with the subject's audio fea- tures into bimodal observations. Subsequently, we

Gerasimos Potamianos; Chalapathy Neti

369

Automatic home nursing activity recommendation.  

PubMed

The rapid deployment of Web-based, consumer-centric electronic medical records (CEMRs) is an important trend in healthcare. In this paper, we incorporate nursing knowledge into CEMR so that it can automatically recommend home nursing activities (HNAs). Those more complex HNAs are made clickable for users to find detailed implementation procedures. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our techniques using USMLE medical exam cases. PMID:20351888

Luo, Gang; Tang, Chunqiang

2009-01-01

370

Automatic photo pop-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a fully automatic method for creating a 3D model from a single photograph. The model is made up of several texture-mapped planar billboards and has the complexity of a typical children's pop-up book illustration. Our main insight is that instead of attempting to recover precise geometry, we statistically model defined by their orientations in the scene. Our

Derek Hoiem; Alexei A. Efros; Martial Hebert

2005-01-01

371

Computers in Automatic Control Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern automatic feedback-control systems are making increasing use of electronic computers as active controllers. The trend from the use of simple electric circuits and elementary analog devices toward high-speed digital computers (or computers employing both digital and analog devices) is accelerated by 1) the rapidly growing complexity of modern control systems; 2) the increasing importance of self-adaptive control; and 3)

JOHN G. TRUXALt

1961-01-01

372

Automatic translation among spoken languages  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Machine Aided Voice Translation (MAVT) system was developed in response to the shortage of experienced military field interrogators with both foreign language proficiency and interrogation skills. Combining speech recognition, machine translation, and speech generation technologies, the MAVT accepts an interrogator's spoken English question and translates it into spoken Spanish. The spoken Spanish response of the potential informant can then be translated into spoken English. Potential military and civilian applications for automatic spoken language translation technology are discussed in this paper.

Walter, Sharon M.; Costigan, Kelly

1994-01-01

373

Robust Automatic Multibeam Bathymetric Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new methodology for automatically processing high-resolution, high-rate bathymetric data, typically from multi-beam echo sounders. Based on a generic grid of estimation nodes, this method incorporates data from multiple surveys, multiple instruments or multiple passes of the same instrument, and models and maintains depth uncertainty estimates with the data. Consequently, we can extract, at any time, a current

B R Calder; L A Mayer

374

Automatic Contrail Detection and Segmentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic contrail detection is of major importance in the study of the atmospheric effects of aviation. Due to the large volume of satellite imagery, selecting contrail images for study by hand is impractical and highly subject to human error. It is far better to have a system in place that will automatically evaluate an image to determine 1) whether it contains contrails and 2) where the contrails are located. Preliminary studies indicate that it is possible to automatically detect and locate contrails in Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery with a high degree of confidence. Once contrails have been identified and localized in a satellite image, it is useful to segment the image into contrail versus noncontrail pixels. The ability to partition image pixels makes it possible to determine the optical properties of contrails, including optical thickness and particle size. In this paper, we describe a new technique for segmenting satellite images containing contrails. This method has good potential for creating a contrail climatology in an automated fashion. The majority of contrails are detected, rejecting clutter in the image, even cirrus streaks. Long, thin contrails are most easily detected. However, some contrails may be missed because they are curved, diffused over a large area, or present in short segments. Contrails average 2-3 km in width for the cases studied.

Weiss, John M.; Christopher, Sundar A.; Welch, Ronald M.

1998-01-01

375

Looking for a seminar in political science? Consider Political Science 148: Political Thought of Montesquieu. This seminar will study Montesquieu's political thought  

E-print Network

Looking for a seminar in political science? Consider Political Science 148: Political Thought of Montesquieu. This seminar will study Montesquieu's political thought as it emerges through his comparative analysis of political regimes--Western and Eastern, ancient and modern--in his major work The Spirit

Tufts University

376

A Permutation Test for Correlated Errors in Adjacent Questionnaire Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Response patterns are of importance to survey researchers because of the insight they provide into the thought processes respondents use to answer survey questions. In this article we propose the use of structural equation modeling to examine response patterns and develop a permutation test to quantify the likelihood of observing a specific…

Hildreth, Laura A.; Genschel, Ulrike; Lorenz, Frederick O.; Lesser, Virginia M.

2013-01-01

377

Development and Validation of the Uncivil Workplace Behavior Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development and validation of a new measure of workplace incivility, the Uncivil Workplace Behavior Questionnaire (UWBQ). Participants included 5 samples of Australian adult employees (total N = 368). Principal axis factoring of the UWBQ yielded 4 interpretable factors (Hostility, Privacy Invasion, Exclusionary Behavior, and Gossiping), all of which exhibited high internal consistency. The 4-factor structure received

Roberta J. Martin; Donald W. Hine

2005-01-01

378

Reasons for discontinuation of IVF treatment: a questionnaire study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: IVF and embryo transfer has become an established and increasingly successful form of treatment for infertility, yet significant numbers of couples discontinue treatment without achieving a live birth. This study aims to identify major factors that influence the decision to discontinue IVF treatment. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to 1510 couples who had undergone IVF treatment at Ninewells Hospital and

M. Rajkhowa; A. Mcconnell; G. E. Thomas

2005-01-01

379

Michigan High School Student Drug Attitudes and Behavior Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This questionnaire assesses drug use practices and attitudes toward drugs in high school students. The instrument has 59 items (multiple choice or completion), some with several parts. The question pertain to aspirations for the future, general attitudes and opinions, biographic and demographic data, family background and relationships, alcohol…

Bogg, Richard A.; And Others

380

Scholarship Search Questionnaire What are your educational and career goals?  

E-print Network

Scholarship Search Questionnaire First Name Last Name Grad Date Major(s) Minor(s) GPA What are your there are thousands of scholarships and lots of money waiting to be awarded. Often being awarded a scholarship is a matter of matching up the applicant to the scholarship(s) for which he or she is best qualified

Hart, Gus

381

Assessing the Psychometric Properties of Kember and Leung's Reflection Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflective thinking is often stated as a learning outcome of baccalaureate nursing education, and as a characteristic of a competent professional; however, no consistent method exists to assess the extent to which students engage in reflective thinking. To address this need, Kember and Leung developed and tested a self-report questionnaire based…

Lethbridge, Kristen; Andrusyszyn, Mary-Anne; Iwasiw, Carroll; Laschinger, Heather K. S.; Fernando, Rajulton

2013-01-01

382

Refining the DCT: Comparing Open Questionnaires and Dialogue Completion Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared the influence of two forms of discourse completion test (DCT) on the elicitation of rejection of advice. An open questionnaire providing scenarios alone was compared with a classic dialogue completion task in which a conversational turn is provided. The tasks were given to 32 graduate students, 19 native and 13 non-native…

Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen; Hartford, Beverly S.

383

Drug Use Disorder (DUD) Questionnaire: Scale Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite the ample interest in the measurement of substance abuse and dependence, obtaining biological samples from participants as a means to validate a scale is considered time and cost intensive and is, subsequently, largely overlooked. Objectives: To report the psychometric properties of the drug use disorder (DUD) questionnaire…

Scherer, Michael; Furr-Holden, C. Debra; Voas, Robert B.

2013-01-01

384

Development and preliminary validation of the Ego Identity Process Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new self-report identity inventory was developed that avoids some of the shortcomings of previous measures and offers the advantages of short completion time, objective scoring, and separate, continuous exploration and commitment scores. The Ego Identity Process Questionnaire consists of 32 items which assess the dimensions of exploration and commitment in eight areas: occupation, religion, politics, values, family, friendships, dating,

Elizabeth Balistreri; Nancy A. Busch-Rossnagel; Kurt F. Geisinger

1995-01-01

385

Validation of the Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and sensitivity of the Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) Questionnaire in 78 tennis playing subjects who had chronic, unilateral, MRI-confirmed lateral elbow tendinopathy and who concomitantly participated in an outcome study. The PRTEE results were compared with results of the Visual Analog Scale (VAS); the Disabilities of the Arm,

Joy C. MacDermid; T OVEREND

2007-01-01

386

College Student Experiences Questionnaire: Norms for the Fourth Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The College Student Experiences Questionnaire (CSEQ) was developed by UCLA Professor Emeritus Dr. C. Robert Pace in the 1970s. First administered by Dr. Pace in 1979, the CSEQ Research Program formally moved its operations to Indiana University's Center for Postsecondary Research and Planning in 1994, under the direction of Chancellor's Professor…

Gonyea, Robert M.; Kish, Kelly A.; Kuh, George D.; Muthiah, Richard N.; Thomas, Auden D.

2003-01-01

387

Modelling Tacit Knowledge via Questionnaire Peter Busch and Debbie Richards  

E-print Network

inventory to IT practitioners; using Formal Concept Analysis #12;(FCA) (Ganter and Wille 1999, Wille 1982) work-place, we have developed a tacit knowledge inventory which forms part of a questionnaire given to experts and non-experts in three separate IT organisations. In psy- chology, descriptive statistics

Richards, Debbie

388

On Farmers’ Ground: Wisconsin Dairy Farm Nutrient Management Survey Questionnaire  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This questionnaire was used during quarterly, face-to-face interviews with the fifty-four Wisconsin dairy farmers who participated in the ‘On Farmers’ Ground’ nutrient management research project. It was designed to systematically and consistently compile information on herd size and composition, l...

389

Racial Differences in Responses to the Caregiver Strain Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine differences in responses to the Caregiver Strain Questionnaire (CGSQ) between African American and White caregivers of children with emotional and behavioral challenges. Significant item- and scale-level differences were detected across groups with African Americans consistently reporting less strain. We…

Kang, Eunjeong; Brannan, Ana Maria; Heflinger, Craig Anne

2005-01-01

390

Evaluation of questionnaires by means of formal concept analysis  

E-print Network

(International Physical Activity Questionnaire). The structured view on data provided by the method suggests, research plan MSM 6198959214, and by grant No. 6198959221 'Physical activity and inactivity of in of the Palacky University, Olomouc, who are involved in a world-wide project of monitoring physical activities

Belohlavek, Radim

391

Toddler Autism Screening Questionnaire: Development and Potential Clinical Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No feasible screening instrument is available for early detection of children with autism in Taiwan. The existing instruments may not be appropriate for use in Taiwan due to different health care systems and child-rearing cultures. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a screening questionnaire for generic autism. The initial 18-item…

Tsai, Wen-Che; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Shyu, Yea-Ing Lotus

2012-01-01

392

The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a revised version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R), a recently developed and widely used quantitative measure of the five components of illness representations in Leventhal's self-regulatory model. The revised version stemmed from a need to deal with minor psychometric problems with two subscales, and to include additional subscales, assessing cyclical timeline perceptions, illness coherence, and emotional

Rona Moss-Morris; John Weinman; Keith Petrie; Robert Horne; Linda Cameron; Deanna Buick

2002-01-01

393

An Employee Questionnaire for Assessing Patient Safety in Outpatient Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides information on the reliability and validity of an employee questionnaire developed in a study of patient safety in outpatient surgery. The Systems Engineering Intervention in Outpatient Surgery (SEIPS), a collaborative community perspective project currently underway at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, examines the impact of a systems engineering intervention on both employees and patients. In this paper, we

Pascale Carayon; Carla J. Alvarado; Ann Schoofs Hundt; Scott Springman; Amanda Borgsdorf; Peter L. T. Hoonakker

2005-01-01

394

Microsoft Word - Adolescent_Smoking_Consequences_Questionnaire.doc  

Cancer.gov

1 Adolescent Smoking Consequences Questionnaire Instructions: Below is a list of statements. We would like you to tell us what you expect to or believe will happen as a result of smoking cigarettes. If the consequence seems like it would never happen,

395

Caregiver’s feeding styles questionnaire - new factors and correlates  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Study objectives were to conduct exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of Caregiver’s Feeding Styles Questionnaire (CFSQ) and evaluate correlations between factors and maternal feeding practices, attitudes, and perceptions. Mothers (N = 144) were 43% minority race/ethnicity, 24% full-time employed, 54% ...

396

Bladder cancer documentation of causes: multilingual questionnaire, 'bladder cancer doc'.  

PubMed

There is a considerable discrepancy between the number of identified occupational-related bladder cancer cases and the estimated numbers particularly in emerging nations or less developed countries where suitable approaches are less or even not known. Thus, within a project of the World Health Organisation Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health, a questionnaire of the Dortmund group, applied in different studies, was translated into more than 30 languages (Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Korean, Latvian, Malay, Persian (Farsi), Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese/Brazilian, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Spanish, Spanish/Mexican, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Vietnamese). The bipartite questionnaire asks for relevant medical information in the physician's part and for the occupational history since leaving school in the patient's part. Furthermore, this questionnaire is asking for intensity and frequency of certain occupational and non-occupational risk factors. The literature regarding occupations like painter, hairdresser or miner and exposures like carcinogenic aromatic amines, azo dyes, or combustion products is highlighted. The questionnaire is available on www.ifado.de/BladderCancerDoc. PMID:22652680

Golka, Klaus; Abreu-Villaca, Yael; Anbari Attar, Rowshanak; Angeli-Greaves, Miriam; Aslam, Muhammad; Basaran, Nursen; Belik, Rouslana; Butryee, Chaniphun; Dalpiaz, Orietta; Dzhusupov, Keneshbek; Ecke, Thorsten H; Galambos, Henrieta; Galambos, Henrieta; Gerilovica, Helena; Gerullis, Holger; Gonzalez, Patricia Casares; Goossens, Maria E; Gorgishvili-Hermes, Lela; Heyns, Chris F; Hodzic, Jasmin; Ikoma, Fumihiko; Jichlinski, Patrice; Kang, Boo-Hyon; Kiesswetter, Ernst; Krishnamurthi, Kannan; Lehmann, Marie-Louise; Martinova, Irina; Mittal, Rama Devi; Ravichandran, Beerappa; Romics, Imre; Roy, Bidyut; Rungkat-Zakaria, Fransiska; Rydzynski, Konrad; Scutaru, Cristian; Shen, Jianhua; Soufi, Maria; Toguzbaeva, Karlygash; Vu Duc, Trinh; Widera, Agata; Wishahi, Mohamed; Hengstler, Jan G

2012-01-01

397

FUDA EMPIRICAL EVALUATION Development Experience Questionnaire (Used Templates)  

E-print Network

1 FUDA EMPIRICAL EVALUATION Development Experience Questionnaire (Used Templates) NOTE for things like /* FRL_* - I basically used the FUDA's labels FRL* to find related code in the examples #12 in the first example. - I think there is obviously a learning curve associated to using the FUDA approach

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

398

FUDA EMPIRICAL EVALUATION Development Experience Questionnaire (Used Templates)  

E-print Network

1 FUDA EMPIRICAL EVALUATION Development Experience Questionnaire (Used Templates) NOTE to plugin.xml to find what file type (ie. txt) the provided FUDA editor was implemented for. - Using and easier. - Suggestion: Had to remember to right-click, "Open With..." and select FUDA Editor in order

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

399

A Brief Version of the Family Background Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although it is lengthy, the Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ) provides reliable behaviorally specific family history information. Results from reliability and validity analyses suggest that a brief version of this instrument that assesses parental responsiveness, child maltreatment, and parental substance abuse would provide a useful screening…

Melchert, Timothy P.; Kalemeera, Augustine

2009-01-01

400

Development and Validation of the Self-Harm Reasons Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the reasons for self-harm (SH) may be paramount for the identification and treatment of SH behavior. Presently, the psychometric properties for SH reason questionnaires are generally unknown or tested only in non-inpatient samples. Existing inpatient measures may have limited generalizability and do not examine SH apart from an…

Lewis, Stephen P.; Santor, Darcy A.

2008-01-01

401

Development, Use, and Psychometric Properties of the Trauma History Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe the development and psychometric properties of the widely used Trauma History Questionnaire (THQ). Additionally, they describe how the THQ has been used both nationally and internationally in a range of studies conducted in the past 14 years (1996–2010). The reviewed studies provide accumulated, although preliminary, evidence that the THQ is reliable and valid in clinical and nonclinical

Lisa M. Hooper; Patricia Stockton; Janice L. Krupnick; Bonnie L. Green

2011-01-01

402

Development of the talent development environment questionnaire for sport.  

PubMed

As sporting challenge at the elite level becomes ever harder, maximizing effectiveness of the talent development pathway is crucial. Reflecting this need, this paper describes the development of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire, which has been designed to facilitate the development of sporting potential to world-class standard. The questionnaire measures the experiences of developing athletes in relation to empirically identified "key features" of effective talent development environments. The first phase involved the generation of questionnaire items with clear content and face validity. The second phase explored the factor structure and reliability. This was carried out with 590 developing athletes through application of exploratory factor analysis with oblique rotation, principal axis factoring extraction and cronbach alpha tests. This yielded a 59-item, seven-factor structure with good internal consistency (0.616-0.978). The Talent Development Environment Questionnaire appears to be a promising psychometric instrument that can potentially be useful for education and formative review in applied settings, and as a measurement tool in talent development research. PMID:20694933

Martindale, Russell J J; Collins, Dave; Wang, John C K; McNeill, Michael; Lee, Kok Sonk; Sproule, John; Westbury, Tony

2010-09-01

403

The Short Form36 Health Survey Questionnaire In Spine Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Short Form-36 (SF-36) health questionnaire has been put forward as a general measure of outcome in health care and has been evaluated in several recent studies in the UK. We report its use in three groups of patients after spinal operations and have compared it with the Oswestry and Low Back Pain disability scales. There was a significant correlation

Michael Grevitt; Rabi Khazim; John Webb; Robert Mulholland; John Shepperd

1997-01-01

404

Religious Occupations and Stress Questionnaire (ROS): Instrument Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the Religious Occupations and Stress Questionnaire (ROS), which attempts to fill the need for an appropriate measure of the stress experienced by individuals in religious occupations. Results of reliability and validity studies indicate high internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity.…

Birk, Janice M.; Rayburn, Carole A.; Richmond, Lee J.

2001-01-01

405

Reported Voice Difficulties in Student Teachers: A Questionnaire Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As professional voice users, teachers are particularly at risk of abusing their voices and developing voice disorders during their career. In spite of this, attention paid to voice care in the initial training and further professional development of teachers is unevenly spread and insufficient. This article describes a questionnaire survey of 171…

Fairfield, Carol; Richards, Brian

2007-01-01

406

Coding Manual for the 2007 NCI Diet History Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Coding Manual for the 2007 NCI Diet History Questionnaire DHQ1.2007.OSC, DHQ1.2007.Teleform, DHQ1.2007.Keypunch The 2007 version of the DHQ is distributed on the DHQ Web site (www.riskfactor.cancer.gov/DHQ) in multiple formats: 1) a format compatible

407

PAINTING TALENT QUESTIONNAIRE: Before beginning painting warm-up session  

E-print Network

PAINTING TALENT QUESTIONNAIRE: Before beginning painting warm-up session: Age: _______ Gender: M the following questions: (1) Have you ever painted as an artistic activity, as opposed to painting a house? Yes / No (1a) If you answered yes to Question 1, when was the last time you painted? (2) Have you ever drawn

Haro, Antonio

408

Measurement Invariance of Expectancy-Value Questionnaire in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectancy-Value Questionnaire (EVQ) measures student expectancy beliefs and task values of the domain content (Eccles & Wigfield, 1995). In this study the authors examine measurement invariance of EVQ in the domain of physical education between elementary and middle-school students. Participants included 811 students (3rd-5th grades) from 13…

Zhu, Xihe; Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Ennis, Catherine

2012-01-01

409

The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on selective mutism (SM) has been limited by the absence of standardized, psychometrically sound assessment measures. The purpose of our investigation was to present two studies that examined the factor structure and initial reliability and validity of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ), a 17-item parent report measure of failure to…

Bergman, R. Lindsey; Keller, Melody L.; Piacentini, John; Bergman, Andrea J.

2008-01-01

410

UVA Office of Dual Career Recruitment Intake Questionnaire  

E-print Network

UVA Office of Dual Career Recruitment Intake Questionnaire Thank you for your interest in employment assistance provided by the UVA Office of Dual Career Recruitment. Please answer the following: Department: Potential Faculty appointment: Department: 3. How did you hear about the UVA Office of Dual

Brodie III, Edmund D.

411

Reliability and Validity of the Learning Styles Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of Chinese undergraduate students at the Hong Kong Polytechnic that was conducted to examine the reliability and predictive validity of a short form of Honey and Mumford's Learning Styles Questionnaire. Correlations between learning style scores and preferences for different types of learning activities are discussed. (16…

Fung, Y. H.; And Others

1993-01-01

412

Concurrent Validity of the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the concurrent validity of the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire (BVQ) in a convenience sample of 202 middle school students in central Virginia. This appears to be the first published study to compare BVQ reports of being bullied and of bullying others with independent criteria not subject to shared method variance.…

Lee, Talisha; Cornell, Dewey

2010-01-01

413

Reliability and validity of Leicester Cough Questionnaire Korean version.  

PubMed

The Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) is a self-administered questionnaire developed in England and validated for reliability. We developed a Korean translation of this questionnaire by applying a sequential forward and backward translation approach. The purpose of this study is to validate the Korean version of the LCQ (LCQ-K) in Korean patients with chronic cough. A multicenter prospective study was undertaken with 100 chronic cough patients who consented to participate in the study. The LCQ-K includes eight physical items, seven psychological items, and four social items. Visual analog scale (VAS) of cough, Borg Cough Scale (BCS), and Short Form-36 (SF-36) were used as external comparators. Participants included 52 women and 48 men with ages ranging from 18 years to 69 years. The concurrent validity comparing LCQ-K to VAS, BCS, and SF-36 yielded statistically significant Pearson correlation coefficients. The LCQ-K showed good reliability in three domains, with Cronbach's ? coefficients ranging from 0.84 to 0.87 (total: 0.91). Test-retest reliability was investigated with single measure intraclass correlation coefficients, which were found to be practically and statistically significant (p = 0.005). Responsiveness was validated by effective size ranging from 1.16 to 1.40 in each domain. LCQ-K is a reliable, valid, and responsive disease-specific questionnaire for assessing symptoms and quality of life of Korean patients with chronic cough. PMID:24906688

Han, Jong-Min; Jung, In-Chul; Kang, Weechang; Kim, Seung-Su; Yeo, Yoon; Park, Yang-Chun

2014-06-01

414

Development and Validation of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000) proposes that intrinsic, rela- tive to extrinsic, goal content is a critical predictor of the quality of an individual's behavior and psychological well-being. Through three studies, we developed and psychometrically tested a measure of intrinsic and extrinsic goal content in the exercise context: the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire (GCEQ). In adults, exploratory

Simon J. Sebire; Martyn Standage; Maarten Vansteenkiste

2008-01-01

415

Assessment of Physical Activity by Applying IPAQ Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study aim: To assess the suitability of the short 7-day IPAQ (self-completed) adapted to Polish population. Material and methods: Two surveys were conducted in 2005 on 296 random subjects (aged 20-60 years) from Warsaw and the Mazowiecki region. From these, 54 men and 79 women were requested to fill questionnaires, and 70 men and 93 women, were…

Biernat, Elzbieta; Stupnicki, Romuald; Lebiedzinski, Bartlomiej; Janczewska, Lidia

2008-01-01

416

Motivation for Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation Questionnaire (MOT-Q)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Likert scale questionnaire was developed to assess motivation for postacute rehabilitation by traumatic brain injury patients. Items were designed to reflect head-injured individuals’ statements about their attitudes toward head injury rehabilitation. Factors such as denial of illness, anger, compliance with treatment, and medical information seeking behavior were used to assess unfavorable and favorable components of motivation. Reliability was assessed

Alexander B Chervinsky; Alexander K Ommaya; Madison deJonge; Jack Spector; Karen Schwab; Andres M Salazar

1998-01-01

417

The Bilevel Structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (Lambert et al., 2001) was examined in a sample of 1,100 university counseling center clients using confirmatory factor analysis. Specifically, the relative fit of 1-factor, 3-factor orthogonal, 3-factor oblique, 4-factor hierarchical, and 4-factor bilevel models were examined. Although the 3-factor…

Bludworth, Jamie L.; Tracey, Terence J. G.; Glidden-Tracey, Cynthia

2010-01-01

418

IRS Releases Tax Questionnaire that Asks Colleges to Disclose More  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 400 colleges across the United States are about to be asked to disclose intimate financial details of their operations to the Internal Revenue Service. This article reports on a highly detailed financial questionnaire designed by the IRS for the first phase of its Colleges and Universities Compliance Project, which is part of a continuing…

Kelderman, Eric

2008-01-01

419

Does the thought count? Gratitude understanding in elementary school students.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Gratitude, although studied throughout history by scholars from diverse backgrounds, has been largely understudied in psychology until recently. The psychological literature on gratitude is expanding, but it is still particularly limited with children. The authors compared younger (first- and second-grade students; n = 30) and older (fourth- and fifth-grade students; n = 27) children on gratitude-related ratings surrounding gift giving vignettes that included either a desirable (e.g., a birthday cupcake) or an undesirable (e.g., a melted ice cream cone) gift. Empathy was also measured. Hierarchical regressions revealed different patterns of predictors for desirable and undesirable gifts. For desirable gifts, liking significantly predicted gratitude and liking predicted effort. For undesirable gifts, older children and those who perceived the target as liking the gift more predicted higher gratitude ratings. Finally, higher gratitude rating predicted both higher ratings of giver effort (i.e., intention or how hard did the giver try to give a nice gift) and liking of the undesirable gifts. More research on children's understanding of gratitude is needed but these results suggest that school-aged children take into account givers' intentions and thoughts behind gift giving in determining feelings of gratitude. Limitations and directions for future research are also discussed. PMID:25271819

Poelker, Katelyn E; Kuebli, Janet E

2014-01-01

420

Temporal effects of separation on suicidal thoughts and behaviours.  

PubMed

Divorce has been identified as a risk factor for suicide. However, little research has been conducted on the time trajectory of the influence of relationship separation on suicidal outcomes. This study aimed to assess the effects over time of relationship breakdown and separation on suicidality. Data were drawn from 6616 Australian adults participating in the PATH through Life Project, a population-based longitudinal study. Suicidal ideation was reported by 406 participants (6.1%), and 99 (1.5%) reported a suicide plan or attempt in the past year. The effects of separation on suicidality were strongest soon after separation, with a nearly three-fold increase in ideation (adjusted OR = 2.73, p < 0.001) and an eight-fold increase in plans/attempts (adjusted OR = 7.75, p < 0.001) in the two years following separation, gradually diminishing subsequently. The period up to four years before a separation was also found to be a time of increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviours, while marriage was protective. Separation is a strong risk factor for suicidality and mental health services should target recently separated individuals. PMID:24768777

Batterham, Philip J; Fairweather-Schmidt, A Kate; Butterworth, Peter; Calear, Alison L; Mackinnon, Andrew J; Christensen, Helen

2014-06-01

421

Exploring the factor structure of the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait in Cuban adults  

PubMed Central

Food cravings refer to an intense desire to eat specific foods. The Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T) is the most commonly used instrument to assess food cravings as a multidimensional construct. Its 39 items have an underlying nine-factor structure for both the original English and Spanish version; but subsequent studies yielded fewer factors. As a result, a 15-item version of the FCQ-T with one-factor structure has been proposed (FCQ-T-reduced; see this Research Topic). The current study aimed to explore the factor structure of the Spanish version for both the FCQ-T and FCQ-T-reduced in a sample of 1241 Cuban adults. Results showed a four-factor structure for the FCQ-T, which explained 55% of the variance. Factors were highly correlated. Using the items of the FCQ-T-reduced only showed a one-factor structure, which explained 52% of the variance. Both versions of the FCQ-T were positively correlated with body mass index (BMI), scores on the Food Thoughts Suppression Inventory and weight cycling. In addition, women had higher scores than men and restrained eaters had higher scores than unrestrained eaters. To summarize, results showed that (1) the FCQ-T factor structure was significantly reduced in Cuban adults and (2) the FCQ-T-reduced may represent a good alternative to efficiently assess food craving on a trait level. PMID:24672503

Rodríguez-Martín, Boris C.; Molerio-Pérez, Osana

2014-01-01

422

Subclassification of children with autism and pervasive developmental disorder: A questionnaire based on Wing's Subgrouping scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire (the Wing Subgroups Questionnaire, or WSQ) for subclassifying children with autism into one of Wing's three hypothesized subgroups was developed, and the validity of this measure was assessed. Forty parents of children with autism or pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDDNOS) completed the questionnaire. Results indicated that the questionnaire has adequate external criterion-referenced validity with similar subgroup

Paul Castelloe; Geraldine Dawson

1993-01-01

423

Reliability and validity of two frequently used self-administered physical activity questionnaires in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To create and find accurate and reliable instruments for the measurement of physical activity has been a challenge in epidemiological studies. We investigated the reliability and validity of two different physical activity questionnaires in 71 adolescents aged 13–18 years; the WHO, Health Behaviour in Schoolchildren (HBSC) questionnaire, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ, short version). METHODS: The questionnaires

Vegar Rangul; Turid Lingaas Holmen; Nanna Kurtze; Koenraad Cuypers; Kristian Midthjell

2008-01-01

424

The Adaptive Behaviour Dementia Questionnaire (ABDQ): Screening Questionnaire for Dementia in Alzheimer's Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The diagnosis of dementia in Alzheimer's disease remains at times problematic in adults with intellectual disability. The analysis of 5-year consecutive data developed a researched-based clinical screening tool for dementia in Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down syndrome. The Adaptive Behaviour Dementia Questionnaire (ABDQ) is a 15-item…

Prasher, V.; Farooq, A.; Holder, R.

2004-01-01

425

Eating disorder examination questionnaire and clinical impairment assessment questionnaire: General population and clinical norms for young adult women in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimal use of assessment instruments for the detection and diagnosis of eating disorders (ED) depends on the availability of normative data. The aim of this work was to, for the first time, collect norms for both the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and the newly developed Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) Scale from a general population of young women in Sweden,

Elisabeth Welch; Andreas Birgegård; Thomas Parling; Ata Ghaderi

2011-01-01

426

Mind your thoughts: Associations between self-generated thoughts and stress-induced and baseline levels of cortisol and alpha-amylase.  

PubMed

Stress is a major health burden in today's society. Research shows that negative cognitive styles are associated with increased stress reactivity, low mood and accelerated cellular aging. Our study sought to unravel the relationship between the content of self-generated thoughts and psychosocial stress measured in terms of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic activity. Features of self-generated thoughts were assessed using thought sampling while participants performed cognitive tasks following a stress induction or in a baseline condition. More negatively toned emotional thoughts and more social temporal thoughts with a past focus were associated with increased cortisol and alpha-amylase levels, both after stress and at baseline. More social temporal thoughts with a future focus, on the other hand, had an overall attenuating effect on the levels of both stress markers. Our results indicate a fundamental link between the thoughts and stress levels we experience. Understanding the mechanisms governing this mind-body association may have important implications for understanding and counteracting the high incidence of stress-related disorders in today's society. PMID:25457636

Engert, Veronika; Smallwood, Jonathan; Singer, Tania

2014-12-01

427

International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire (NZPAQ): A doubly labelled water validation  

PubMed Central

Background Accurate measurement of physical activity is a pre-requisite for monitoring population health and for evaluating effective interventions. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is used as a comparable and standardised self-report measure of habitual physical activity of populations from different countries and socio-cultural contexts. The IPAQ has been modified to produce a New Zealand physical activity questionnaire (NZPAQ). The aim of this study was to validate the IPAQ and NZPAQ against doubly labelled water (DLW). Method: Total energy expenditure (TEE) was measured over a 15-day period using DLW. Activity-related energy expenditure (AEE) was estimated by subtracting the energy expenditure from resting metabolic rate and thermic effect of feeding from TEE. The IPAQ (long form) and NZPAQ (short form) were completed at the end of each 7-day period. Activity-related energy expenditure (IPAQAEE and NZPAQAEE) was calculated from each questionnaire and compared to DLWAEE. Results Thirty six adults aged 18 to 56 years (56% female) completed all measurements. Compared to DLWAEE, IPAQAEE and NZPAQAEE on average underestimated energy expenditure by 27% and 59%, respectively. There was good agreement between DLWAEE and both IPAQAEE and NZPAQAEE at lower levels of physical activity. However there was marked underestimation of questionnaire-derived energy expenditure at higher levels of activity. Conclusion Both the IPAQ and NZPAQ instruments have a demonstrated systematic bias toward underestimation of physical activity-related energy expenditure at higher levels of physical activity compared to DLW. Appropriate calibration factors could be used to correct for measurement error in physical activity questionnaires and hence improve estimation of AEE. PMID:18053188

Maddison, Ralph; Ni Mhurchu, Cliona; Jiang, Yannan; Vander Hoorn, Stephen; Rodgers, Anthony; Lawes, Carlene MM; Rush, Elaine

2007-01-01

428

Automatic melting point determination of fats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mettler FP3 automatic dropping point apparatus was used for the determination of melting points of a variety of edible\\u000a fat products. The instrument was particularly suitable for this purpose because of the availability-of different heating rates.\\u000a Advantages were the fully automatic heating, the automatic and objective endpoint determination, the application for melted\\u000a as well as solidified samples (shortening, margarine,

W. G. Mertens; J. M. DeMan

1972-01-01

429

Commutated automatic gain control system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The commutated automatic gain control (AGC) system was designed and built for the prototype Loran-C receiver is discussed. The current version of the prototype receiver, the Mini L-80, was tested initially in 1980. The receiver uses a super jolt microcomputer to control a memory aided phase loop (MAPLL). The microcomputer also controls the input/output, latitude/longitude conversion, and the recently added AGC system. The AGC control adjusts the level of each station signal, such that the early portion of each envelope rise is about at the same amplitude in the receiver envelope detector.

Yost, S. R.

1982-01-01

430

The Scopes trial and creation thought since 1925  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the Scopes Trial of 1925 as the beginning of the battle between Creation Thought and Evolutionary Science in the public school classrooms. Historical analysis of events, legislation and a legal case study was used to synthesize the ideas and philosophies that guided events this century leading up the trial in Dayton, Tennessee during July of 1925. The study examined the development of the concept of a wall of separation between Church and State that began with Thomas Jefferson and James Madison and developed into the key component of the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution. This concept was applied to the case analysis, legislation and school district policies regarding Creation and Evolution. The concepts of Creation and Evolution were examined and compared as a basis for understanding the conflict that exists between the Religious Right and the scientific community. The main personalities and their motives on both sides were highlighted because of the fact that the conflict still continues. The study sought solutions for practicing administrators who are faced with the controversy of Creation and Evolution in their schools. The question that guided the study was, "Is Accommodation possible or is Separation necessary?" The study examined legislation and court cases seeking the right answer for schools in their constant struggle with the two diametrically opposed philosophies. Analysis of the historical evidence and the events surrounding the issue since the inception of the United States concluded that there is no room for Accommodation with the First Amendment. Separation has been and should continue to be the guiding principle whenever the line between Church and State begins to blur. The collaboration between Church and State can prove harmful for both and the best way to insure their survival and proliferation is to keep them separate.

Spaid, Mark Richard

431

Manifestation of the synergetic mechanism in the implementation of automatic processing of scientific documents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article is dedicated to the problem of the presence in the natural language and in the cognitive-verbal human activity of an interior mechanisms of reproduction and self regulation which will help us solve problem by the automatic documents. We have attributed to these mechanisms the property of being synergetic. The above expressed thought has been confirmed at the implementation of the automatic processing of scientific articles, published in the German specialized magazine "Wasserwirtschaft-Wassertechnik-WWT", which we have addressed to the sub subject field "Abwasser" (waste water). By dividing the implementation of our task in many consequent stages and sub stages we have obtained the possibilities to create the conditions which favored the manifestation of the needed linguistic synergetic activities.

Chizhacovsky, Valentin; Popescu, Anatol N.; Russu, Vladimir

2005-02-01

432

A sleep diary and questionnaire study of naturally short sleepers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Whereas most people require more than 6 h of sleep to feel well rested, there appears to be a group of people who can function well on between 3 and 6 h of sleep. The aims of the present study were to compare 12 naturally short (3-6 h) sleepers (9 males 3 females, mean age 39.6 years, SD age 10.1 years) recruited by a media publicity campaign with age, gender and chronotype matched medium length (7-8.5 h) sleepers on various measures. Measurement instruments included diaries and questionnaires to assess sleep duration and timing, as well as questionnaire assessments of sleep pathology, morningness-eveningness, extroversion, neuroticism, pathological daytime sleepiness, subclinical hypomania, optimism, depressive symptoms, exercise, and work habits. Few measures showed reliable differences between naturally short sleepers and controls except the obvious ones related to sleep duration. There was, however, some evidence for subclinical hypomanic symptoms in naturally short sleepers.

Monk, T. H.; Buysse, D. J.; Welsh, D. K.; Kennedy, K. S.; Rose, L. R.

2001-01-01

433

Multicultural personality questionnaire: development of a short form.  

PubMed

This study reports on the development of the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire-Short Form among 511 participants. Using a split-sample scale validation design, Study 1 (N = 260) employed a principal component analysis and rigorous item selection criteria to extract a 40-item short form (MPQ-SF) from the original 91-item Multicultural Personality Questionnaire (MPQ; van der Zee & van Oudenhoven, 2000, 2001). In Study 2 (N = 251), the MPQ-SF was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and resulted in a reasonably good fit to the data (comparative fit index = .94; root mean squared error of approximation = .066). Satisfactory coefficient alphas and high correlations with the original scales were found. Moreover, relationships with related scales were largely in the predicted direction. Specific directions for follow-up research are posited. PMID:22966866

van der Zee, Karen; van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter; Ponterotto, Joseph G; Fietzer, Alexander W

2013-01-01

434

Validation of Sexual Functioning Questionnaire in Indian Patients  

PubMed Central

Objective: To establish norms for sexual functioning questionnaire (SFQ) in Indian population. Materials and Methods: 100 male subjects, diagnosed with depressive disorder and currently in a state of clinical remission for a period of at least 4 weeks were evaluated on SFQ and Arizona Sexual Experience Questionnaire (ASEX). Result: By using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves a score of 14 was considered to be a cutoff for sexual dysfunction as per SFQ. This cutoff yielded a sensitivity of 91.7% and specificity of 86.4% for the detection of sexual dysfunction. The PPV of the instrument at this cutoff was 87%. Conclusion: A cutoff of 14 should be used to define sexual dysfunction as per SFQ. PMID:25336774

Krishna, Kodakandla; Avasthi, Ajit; Grover, Sandeep

2014-01-01

435

Sensitivity testing of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ).  

PubMed

The sensitivity of the Seizure Severity Questionnaire (SSQ) was evaluated using pooled data from open-label extensions of two clinical trials in patients with partial-onset seizures. The SSQ includes questions relating to frequency and helpfulness of warning signs as well as frequency, severity, and bothersomeness of ictal and postictal effects. Differences between mean change from baseline for each SSQ item for responders and nonresponders were described and compared between patients solely with complex partial seizures (CPSs: responders, n=166; nonresponders, n=127) and those solely with secondarily generalized partial seizures (SGPSs: responders, n=26; nonresponders, n=24) at baseline. Seizure Severity Questionnaire total score and individual SSQ items related to ictal movement, consciousness, bothersomeness of postictal effects, and frequency of postictal emotional effects showed differentiation between seizure type responders. These data provide further validation of the SSQ by demonstrating its sensitivity in describing treatment effects. PMID:24275520

Borghs, Simon; de la Loge, Christine; Brabant, Yves; Cramer, Joyce

2014-02-01

436

Assessing perceptions about hazardous substances (PATHS): the PATHS questionnaire.  

PubMed

How people perceive the nature of a hazardous substance may determine how they respond when potentially exposed to it. We tested a new Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances (PATHS) questionnaire. In Study 1 (N = 21), we assessed the face validity of items concerning perceptions about eight properties of a hazardous substance. In Study 2 (N = 2030), we tested the factor structure, reliability and validity of the PATHS questionnaire across four qualitatively different substances. In Study 3 (N = 760), we tested the impact of information provision on Perceptions AbouT Hazardous Substances scores. Our results showed that our eight measures demonstrated good reliability and validity when used for non-contagious hazards. PMID:23104995

Rubin, G James; Amlôt, Richard; Page, Lisa; Pearce, Julia; Wessely, Simon

2013-08-01

437

The use of automatic programming techniques for fault tolerant computing systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is conjectured that the production of software for ultra-reliable computing systems such as required by Space Station, aircraft, nuclear power plants and the like will require a high degree of automation as well as fault tolerance. In this paper, the relationship between automatic programming techniques and fault tolerant computing systems is explored. Initial efforts in the automatic synthesis of code from assertions to be used for error detection as well as the automatic generation of assertions and test cases from abstract data type specifications is outlined. Speculation on the ability to generate truly diverse designs capable of recovery from errors by exploring alternate paths in the program synthesis tree is discussed. Some initial thoughts on the use of knowledge based systems for the global detection of abnormal behavior using expectations and the goal-directed reconfiguration of resources to meet critical mission objectives are given. One of the sources of information for these systems would be the knowledge captured during the automatic programming process.

Wild, C.

1985-01-01

438

Door Placard for No Automatic Fire Alarm with Automatic Fire Sprinkler Protection System  

E-print Network

Door Placard for No Automatic Fire Alarm with Automatic Fire Sprinkler Protection System Fire Code: ______________________ _____________________________ Fire Alarm System Monitored by: _____________________________ Fire and Life Safety Systems Your facility is equipped with functional Fire Smoke Detection and an Automatic Fire Sprinkler System Annual

Pawlowski, Wojtek

439

Automatic control of visual selection.  

PubMed

This paper seeks out to reduce the role of the homunculus, the 'little man in the head' that is still prominent in most psychological theories regarding the control our behaviour. We argue that once engaged in a task (which is a volitional act), visual selection run off more or less in an automatic fashion. We argue that the salience map that drives automatic selection is not only determined by raw physical salience of the objects in the environment but also by the way these objects appear to the person. We provide evidence that priming (feature priming, priming by working memory and reward priming) sharpens the cortical representation of these objects such that these objects appear to be more salient above and beyond their physical salience. We demonstrate that this type of priming is not under volitional control: it occurs even if observers try to volitionally prepare for something else. In other words, looking at red prepares our brain for things that are red even if we volitionally try to prepare for green. PMID:23437629

Theeuwes, Jan

2012-01-01

440

Automatic temperature controlled retinal photocoagulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser coagulation is a treatment method for many retinal diseases. Due to variations in fundus pigmentation and light scattering inside the eye globe, different lesion strengths are often achieved. The aim of this work is to realize an automatic feedback algorithm to generate desired lesion strengths by controlling the retinal temperature increase with the irradiation time. Optoacoustics afford non-invasive retinal temperature monitoring during laser treatment. A 75 ns/523 nm Q-switched Nd:YLF laser was used to excite the temperature-dependent pressure amplitudes, which were detected at the cornea by an ultrasonic transducer embedded in a contact lens. A 532 nm continuous wave Nd:YAG laser served for photocoagulation. The ED50 temperatures, for which the probability of ophthalmoscopically visible lesions after one hour in vivo in rabbits was 50%, varied from 63°C for 20 ms to 49°C for 400 ms. Arrhenius parameters were extracted as ?E=273 J mol-1 and A=3.1044 s-1. Control algorithms for mild and strong lesions were developed, which led to average lesion diameters of 162+/-34 ?m and 189+/-34 ?m, respectively. It could be demonstrated that the sizes of the automatically controlled lesions were widely independent of the treatment laser power and the retinal pigmentation.

Schlott, Kerstin; Koinzer, Stefan; Ptaszynski, Lars; Bever, Marco; Baade, Alex; Roider, Johann; Birngruber, Reginald; Brinkmann, Ralf

2012-06-01

441

Automatic Inspection In Industry Today  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With increasing competition in the manufacturing industries product quality is becoming even more important. The shortcomings of human inspectors in many applications are well know, however, the eye/brain combination is very powerful and difficult to replace. At best, any system only simulates a small subset of the human's operations. The economic justification for installing automatic inspection is often difficult without previous applications experience. It therefore calls for confidence and long-term vision by those making the decisions. Over the last ten years the use of such systems has increased as the technology involved has matured and the risks have diminished. There is now a complete spectrum of industrial applications from simple, low-cost systems using standard sensors and computer hardware to the higher cost, custom-designed systems using novel sensors and processing hardware. The underlying growth in enabling technology has been in many areas; sensors and sensing techniques, signal processing and data processing have all moved forward rapidly. This paper will examine the currrent state of automatic inspection and look to the future. The use of expert systems is an obvious candidate. Parallel processing, giving massive increases in the speed of data reduction, is also likely to play a major role in future systems.

Brook, Richard A.

1989-02-01

442

Automatic Inspection In Industry Today  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With increasing competition in the manufacturing industries product quality is becoming even more important. The shortcomings of human inspectors in many applications are well know, however, the eye/brain combination is very powerful and difficult to replace. At best, any system only simulates a small subset of the human's operations. The economic justification for installing automatic inspection is often difficult without previous applications experience. It therefore calls for confidence and long-term vision by those making the decisions. Over the last ten years the use of such systems has increased as the technology involved has matured and the risks have diminished. There is now a complete spectrum of industrial applications from simple, low-cost systems using standard sensors and computer hardware to the higher cost, custom-designed systems using novel sensors and processing hardware. The underlying growth in enabling technology has been in many areas; sensors and sensing techniques, signal processing and data processing have all moved forward rapidly. This paper will examine the currrent state of automatic inspection and look to the future. The use of expert systems is an obvious candidate. Parallel processing, giving massive increases in the speed of data reduction, is also likely to play a major role in future systems.

Brook, Richard A.

1989-03-01

443

Classical Logical versus Quantum Conceptual Thought: Examples in Economy, Decision theory and Concept Theory  

E-print Network

Inspired by a quantum mechanical formalism to model concepts and their disjunctions and conjunctions, we put forward in this paper a specific hypothesis. Namely that within human thought two superposed layers can be distinguished: (i) a layer guided by an underlying classical deterministic process, giving rise to essentially logical thought and its indeterministic version modeled by classical probability theory; (ii) a layer guided by conceptual weights of different types, such as 'typicality', 'membership', 'representativeness', 'similarity', 'applicability', 'preference' or 'utility', giving rise to what we call 'conceptual thought', indeterministic in essence, but equally well, although very differently, organized than logical thought. A substantial part of the conceptual thought process can be modeled by quantum mechanical probabilistic structures. We consider examples of three specific domains of research where the effects of the presence of conceptual thought and its deviations from classical logical th...

Aerts, Diederik

2008-01-01

444

Better know when (not) to think twice: how social power impacts prefactual thought.  

PubMed

Before approaching situations, individuals frequently imagine "what would happen, if . . . ." Such prefactual thought can promote confidence and facilitate behavior preparation when the upcoming situation can benefit from forethought, but it also delays action. The present research tested how social power predicts prefactual thought when its benefits are clear versus ambiguous. Power enhances flexible behavior adaptation and action tendencies-presumably without much forethought. We therefore proposed that power diminishes prefactual thought, unless the situation suggests that such thought is adaptive (i.e., could benefit performance). Power-holders indeed generated less prefactuals than the powerless (Experiments 1 and 2), but only if benefits for performance were ambiguous rather than clear (Experiment 3). These findings indicate that social context factors related to confidence affect prefactual thought, and that power-holders' flexible adaptation to the situation sometimes elicits inaction (i.e., prefactual thought) rather than spontaneous action. PMID:25413718

Scholl, Annika; Sassenberg, Kai

2015-02-01

445

The group administered interactive questionnaire: An alternative to individual interviews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Individual interviews are often considered to be the gold standard for researchers to understand how people think about phenomena. However, conducting and analyzing interviews is very time consuming. This paper presents the Group Administered Interactive Questionnaire (GAIQ) as an alternative to individual interviews and discusses the pros and cons of each data collection method. Use of GAIQ will be discussed in the context of a study that seeks to understand teaching assistants' reasons for the design of problem solutions for introductory physics.

Yerushalmi, Edit; Henderson, Charles R.; Mamudi, William; Singh, Chandralekha; Lin, Shih-Yin

2012-05-15

446

Content and Concurrent Validity of the Motivation for Change Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are nowadays seen within a biopsychosocial framework, including salutogenic factors, motivation\\u000a factors, and coping ability. Such a framework recognizes the importance of motivational factors in health promotion and in\\u000a rehabilitation. The Motivation for Change Questionnaire (MCQ) has been developed to measure the strength of individuals’ motivation\\u000a for change in life, MCQ part 1, and work situation,

Birgitta Grahn; Gunvor Gard

2008-01-01

447

Development of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire-III  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fear and\\/or anxiety about pain is a useful construct, in both theoretical and clinical terms. This article describes the development and refinement of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ), which exists in its most current form as the FPQ-III. Factor analytic refinement resulted in a 30-item FPQ-III which consists of Severe Pain, Minor Pain, and Medical Pain subscales. Internal consistency

Daniel W. McNeil; Avie J. Rainwater

1998-01-01

448

Psychometric evaluation of the Work Readiness Questionnaire in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Objective/Introduction Unemployment can negatively impact quality of life among patients with schizophrenia. Employment status depends on ability, opportunity, education, and cultural influences. A clinician-rated scale of work readiness, independent of current work status, can be a valuable assessment tool. A series of studies were conducted to create and validate a Work Readiness Questionnaire (WoRQ) for clinicians to assess patient ability to engage in socially useful activity, independent of work availability. PMID:25269787

Potkin, Steven G; Bugarski-Kirola, Dragana; Edgar, Chris J; Soliman, Sherif; Le Scouiller, Stephanie; Kunovac, Jelena; Miguel Velasco, Eugenio; Garibaldi, George M

2014-10-01

449

Measurement Invariance of Expectancy-Value Questionnaire in Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expectancy-Value Questionnaire (EVQ) measures student expectancy beliefs and task values of the domain content (Eccles & Wigfield, 1995).In this study the authors examine measurement invariance of EVQ in the domain of physical education between elementary and middle-school students. Participants included 811 students (3rd–5th grades) from 13 elementary and 903 (6th–8th grades) from 13 middle schools. Students completed the EVQ in

Xihe Zhu; Haichun Sun; Ang Chen; Catherine Ennis

2012-01-01

450

Validation of an asthma questionnaire for use in healthcare workers  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies have described increased occurrence of asthma among healthcare workers, but to our knowledge there are no validated survey questionnaires with which to study this occupational group. Aims To develop, validate, and refine a new survey instrument on asthma for use in epidemiological studies of healthcare workers. Methods An initial draft questionnaire, designed by a multidisciplinary team, used previously validated questions where possible; the occupational exposure section was developed by updating health services specific chemical lists through hospital walk?through surveys and review of material safety data sheets. A cross?sectional validation study was conducted in 118 non?smoking subjects, who also underwent bronchial challenge testing, an interview with an industrial hygienist, and measurement of specific IgE antibodies to common aeroallergens. Results The final version consisted of 43 main questions in four sections. Time to completion of the questionnaire ranged from 13 to 25 minutes. Test–retest reliability of asthma and allergy items ranged from 75% to 94%, and internal consistency for these items was excellent (Cronbach's ? ? 0.86). Against methacholine challenge, an eight item combination of asthma related symptoms had a sensitivity of 71% and specificity of 70%; against a physician diagnosis of asthma, this same combination showed a sensitivity of 79% and specificity of 98%. Agreement between self?reported exposures and industrial hygienist review was similar to previous studies and only moderate, indicating the need to incorporate more reliable methods of exposure assessment. Against the aerollergen panel, the best combinations of sensitivity and specificity were obtained for a history of allergies to dust, dust mite, and animals. Conclusions Initial evaluation of this new questionnaire indicates good validity and reliability, and further field testing and cross?validation in a larger healthcare worker population is in progress. The need for development of more reliable occupational exposure assessment methods that go beyond self?report is underscored. PMID:16497858

Delclos, G L; Arif, A A; Aday, L; Carson, A; Lai, D; Lusk, C; Stock, T; Symanski, E; Whitehead, L W; Benavides, F G; Antó, J M

2006-01-01

451

Validation of the OMNI RPE Seven Day Exertional Recall Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present study examined the validity of the Seven Day Recall Questionnaire among recreationally active men and women. Method: Initially, participants completed a level walk (2.5 mph [4.0 kph]), hill walk (3.5 mph [5.6 kph], 5% grade), and run (5.0 mph [8.0 kph], 2.5% grade). Seven days later, participants were given the Seven Day…

Schafer, Mark A.; Robertson, Robert J.; Thekkada, Savitha J.; Gallagher, Michael, Jr.; Hunt, Sarah E.; Goss, Fredric L.; Aaron, Deborah J.

2013-01-01

452

Validity of a Short Insomnia Questionnaire: the SDQ  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SDQ is a brief self-report insomnia questionnaire, which permits the rapid evaluation of insomnia based on the DSM-IV and ICSD-R criteria. The SDQ was developed to provide a fast and valid instrument both for the pre-screening of subjects who complain of insomnia and for epidemiological studies based on standardized definitions of this sleep disorder. Two studies were carried out

C Violani; A Devoto; F Lucidi; C Lombardo; P. M Russo

2004-01-01

453

Management of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: Results of the ESPE Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of children and adolescents with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) remains difficult. To assess the current European practice in diagnosis and management of CAH, an ESPE (European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology) survey was circulated in 2000\\/2001. The questionnaire was answered by 34% of ESPE members, representing 125 institutions which cared for 6,553 CAH patients. Paediatric endocrinologists, surgeons, gynaecologists, geneticists,

Felix G. Riepe; Nils Krone; Matthias Viemann; Carl-Joachim Partsch; Wolfgang G. Sippell

2002-01-01

454

The Norwegian version of the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to translate and adapt the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency (SRI) questionnaire into Norwegians and to test its reliability and validity.Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey and were linked to the Norwegian Registry of patients receiving long-term mechanical ventilation (LTMV). Of 193 potential participants, 127 responded to the SRI questionnaire. Reliability as measured with Cronbach's ? varied between 0.68 and 0.88 for the subscales and was 0.94 for SRI-sum score. Construct validity was obtained with high correlations between subscales in SF-36 and SRI. The SRI questionnaire discriminated well between universally accepted clinical differences among categories of patients receiving LTMV by significant dissimilarities in SRI-sum score and SRI subscales. The Norwegian version of SRI has well-documented psychometric properties regarding reliability and validity. It might be used in clinical practice and in international studies for assessing health-related quality of life in patients receiving LTMV. PMID:24762168

Markussen, Heidi; Lehmann, Sverre; Nilsen, Roy M; Natvig, Gerd K

2014-04-24

455

[Internal statistical validation of a quality of life questionnaire].  

PubMed

In this paper we present two different statistical approaches to evaluate the psychometric properties of a quality of life questionnaire. First the study of the factorial structure is briefly exposed. Then we present the unidimensional classical models. They are based on the linear relationship between the observed score and the true score. The definition of the reliability was first addressed in this classical framework. Its estimation with the Cronbach alpha coefficient is one important feature of the evaluation of an instrument. More recently, modern response theory gives a better statistical framework to deal with unidimensional latent traits. These models describe the probability of positive answer to an item as a function of the actual value of the latent trait and an item parameter. We expose the principles of the Rasch model: hypothesis, estimations methods and fit tests. Finally practical applications to the validation process of a questionnaire are explored with data from a study of a short French version of the SIP questionnaire. PMID:10673591

Hamon, A; Mesbah, M

1999-12-01

456

Psychometric properties of the Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization  

PubMed Central

Background During the past several years, there has been a growing interest in the negative effects that providing therapy may have on therapists. Of special interest is a phenomenon called secondary traumatization, which can arise while working with traumatized clients. To develop a simple screening tool for secondary traumatization, a quantitative assessment instrument was constructed using a data-driven approach based on qualitative interviews with affected trauma therapists as well as experienced supervisors in trauma therapy. Objective The aim of the current study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the newly developed Questionnaire for Secondary Traumatization (FST) acute and lifetime version and to determine the most appropriate scoring procedure. Method To this end, three independent samples of psychotherapists (n=371), trauma therapists in training (n=80), and refugee counselors (n=197) filled out an online questionnaire battery. Data structure was analyzed using factor analyses, cluster analyses, and reliability analyses. Results Factor analyses yielded a six-factor structure for both the acute and the lifetime version with only a small number of items loading on differing factors. Cluster analyses suggested a single scale structure of the questionnaire. The FST total score showed good internal consistencies across all three samples, while internal consistency of the six extracted factors was mixed. Conclusion With the FST, a reliable screening instrument for acute and lifetime secondary traumatization is now available which is free of charge and yields a sum score for quick evaluation. The six-factor structure needs to be verified with confirmatory factor analyses. PMID:24427450

Weitkamp, Katharina; Daniels, Judith K.; Klasen, Fionna

2014-01-01

457

Assessing vividness of mental imagery: The Plymouth Sensory Imagery Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Mental imagery may occur in any sensory modality, although visual imagery has been most studied. A sensitive measure of the vividness of imagery across a range of modalities is needed: the shorter version of Bett's Questionnaire upon Mental Imagery (Sheehan, , J. Clin. Psychology, 23, 386) uses outdated items and has an unreliable factor structure. We report the development and initial validation of the Plymouth Sensory Imagery Questionnaire (Psi-Q) comprising items for each of the following modalities: Vision, Sound, Smell, Taste, Touch, Bodily Sensation, and Emotional Feeling. An exploratory factor analysis on a 35-item form indicated that these modalities formed separate factors, rather than a single imagery factor, and this was replicated by confirmatory factor analysis. The Psi-Q was validated against the Spontaneous Use of Imagery Scale (Reisberg et al., , Appl. Cogn. Psychology, 17, 147) and Marks' (, J. Mental Imagery, 19, 153) Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire-2 (VVIQ-2). A short 21-item form comprising the best three items from the seven factors correlated with the total score and subscales of the full form, and with the VVIQ-2. Inspection of the data shows that while visual and sound imagery is most often rated as vivid, individuals who rate one modality as strong and the other as weak are not uncommon. Findings are interpreted within a working memory framework and point to the need for further research to identify the specific cognitive processes underlying the vividness of imagery across sensory modalities. PMID:24117327

Andrade, Jackie; May, Jon; Deeprose, Catherine; Baugh, Sarah-Jane; Ganis, Giorgio

2014-11-01

458

Development and Validation of the Pregnancy and Infant Orientation Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this current study was the construction, scaling, and scale validation of a self-report questionnaire assessing biographical information and motivation for pregnancy and infant care in men and women with disorders of sex development or other gender variations of potential clinical relevance. The overall design of the questionnaire and the initial item pool were derived from related clinical and research experience. Collection of pilot data and, where appropriate, scale construction (via principal components analyses) were based on Canadian convenience samples of heterosexual (HET) and non-HET men and women (N=414). A sample of gender-dysphoric (GDYS) men and women (n=45) was added for validity analysis. Validation of the resulting scales was based on the demonstration of expected scale differences between HET men and women, as well as between HET, non-HET, and GDYS men and between HET, non-HET, and GDYS women, and was successful with one exception. This study concludes that this new questionnaire, in addition to its descriptive sections, provides several distinct scales related to desires for child bearing and child rearing and has good psychometric properties. PMID:19998066

Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino F. L.; Dolezal, Curtis; Johnson, Laurel L.; Kessler, Suzanne J.; Schober, Justine M.; Zucker, Kenneth J.

2009-01-01

459

Sources of nonresponse to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Response rates to the Federal Waterfowl Hunter Questionnaire Survey (WHQS) have declined since the 1950's, suggesting that harvest estimates may be biased. Consequently, we investigated reasons for WHQS nonresponse using surveys of waterfowl hunters in Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas [USA]. Sampling frames were constructed using lists of buyers of state hunting licenses or state duck stamps. We mailed questionnaires to 16,452 randomly selected hunters, with 2 follow-up mailings at 3-week intervals. Questionnaires were completed by 8,812 respondents, and a further 587 interviews were conducted by telephone. Post offices accounted for between 53.7% (Minn.) and 92.8% (N.J.) of federal waterfowl duck stamp sales, and stores accounted for most other sales. Of hunters who bought a federal waterfowl stamp from sample post offices, between 16.7% (Minn.) and 40.0% (Ark.) reported receiving a WHQS contact card. Of those receiving contact cards, between 30.0% (N.J.) and 64.3% (La. and Tex.) reported returning them. Because survey coverage of the target population is poor, we recommend that a new sampling frame be developed for the WHQS.

Barker, R.J.; Geissler, P.H.; Hoover, B.A.

1992-01-01

460

Measuring quality of life in psoriasis: the CALIPSO questionnaire.  

PubMed

In dermatology, several instruments are available to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients. They vary in content emphasis and in the extent to which their measurement properties have been investigated and reported. In this study, we summarized five dermatology- and psoriasis-specific HRQoL questionnaires into a new psoriasis-specific questionnaire, the Comprehensive Appraisal of Life Impact of PSOriasis (CALIPSO). The questionnaires were completed by 936 patients with a diagnosis of psoriasis. Rasch's unidimensional measurement model was used to verify the construct validity and the operational characteristics of each instrument separately. The items with the best performance according to the Rasch model were selected. The final 30 items constitute the CALIPSO. Responses are given on a 3-point scale: "never", "sometimes/quite frequently", "often/all the time". The properties of the CALIPSO now need to be verified through the analysis of new data from different populations of people with psoriasis. In future, clinicians may use it without having to decide amongst several competing scales, to evaluate HRQoL in patients with psoriasis. PMID:21245022

Sampogna, Francesca; Styles, Irene; Tabolli, Stefano; Abeni, Damiano

2011-01-01

461

The Effect of an Executive Functioning Training Program on Working Memory Capacity and Intrusive Thoughts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recurrent intrusive thoughts are apparent across numerous clinical disorders, including depression (i.e., rumination) and\\u000a anxiety disorders (e.g., worry, obsessions; Brewin et al. 2010). Theoretical accounts of intrusive thoughts suggest that individual differences in executive functioning, specifically poor\\u000a inhibitory control, may account for the persistence of these thoughts in some individuals (e.g., Anderson and Levy 2009). The present study examined the

Jessica Bomyea; Nader Amir

462

Effects of Ketamine on Thought Disorder, Working Memory, and Semantic Memory in Healthy Volunteers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist, ketamine, produces a clinical syndrome of thought disorder, perceptual distortion, and cognitive impairment.Methods: We have administered ketamine to healthy volunteers to characterize the formal thought disorder and specific memory dysfunction associated with ketamine. Ten healthy volunteers underwent a double-blind, placebo-controlled, ketamine infusion (0.12 mg\\/kg bolus and 0.65 mg\\/kg\\/hour). Thought disorder was evaluated with the Scale

Caleb M. Adler; Terry E. Goldberg; Anil K. Malhotra; David Pickar; Alan Breier

1998-01-01

463

Attachment-Related Strategies During Thought Suppression: Ironic Rebounds and Vulnerable Self-Representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors conducted 2 studies of attachment-related variations in thought suppression. Participants were asked, or not asked, to suppress thoughts about a relationship breakup and then to perform a Stroop task under high or low cognitive load. The dependent variables were the rebound of previously suppressed separation-related thoughts (Study 1) and the accessibility of self-traits (Study 2). Under low cognitive

Mario Mikulincer; Tamar Dolev; Phillip R. Shaver

2004-01-01

464

A self-report comorbidity questionnaire for haemodialysis patients  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have multiple comorbid conditions. Obtaining comorbidity data from medical records is cumbersome. A self-report comorbidity questionnaire is a useful alternative. Our aim in this study was to examine the predictive value of a self-report comorbidity questionnaire in terms of survival in ESRD patients. Methods We studied a prospective cross-sectional cohort of 282 haemodialysis (HD) patients in a single centre. Participants were administered the self-report questionnaire during an HD session. Information on their comorbidities was subsequently obtained from an examination of the patient’s medical records. Levels of agreement between parameters derived from the questionnaire, and from the medical records, were examined. Participants were followed-up for 18 months to collect survival data. The influence on survival of comorbidity scores derived from the self-report data (the Composite Self-report Comorbidity Score [CSCS]) and from medical records data - the Charlson Comorbidity Index [CCI] were compared. Results The level of agreement between the self-report items and those obtained from medical records was almost perfect with respect the presence of diabetes (Kappa score ? 0.97), substantial for heart disease and cancer (? 0.62 and ? 0.72 respectively), moderate for liver disease (? 0.51), only fair for lung disease, arthritis, cerebrovascular disease, and depression (? 0.34, 0.35, 0.34 and 0.29 respectively). The CSCS was strongly predictive of survival in regression models (Nagelkerke R2 value 0.202), with a predictive power similar to that of the CCI (Nagelkerke R2 value 0.211). The influences of these two parameters were additive in the models – suggesting that these parameters make different contributions to the assessment of comorbidity. Conclusion This self-report comorbidity questionnaire is a viable tool to collect comorbidity data and may have a role in the prediction of short-term survival in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis. Further work is required in this setting to refine the tool and define its role. PMID:25135668

2014-01-01

465

Automatic Business Card Scanning with a Camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a system to automatically extract, rectify and enhance business card images. First the business card image patch is automatically segmented by minimizing a novel local-global variational energy. Second a quadrangle is fitted to the segmented image patch. With the four corner points of the quadrangle, we then estimate the physical as- pect ratio of the

Gang Hua; Zicheng Liu; Zhengyou Zhang; Ying Wu

2006-01-01

466

Generalized Automatic and Augmented Manual Flight Control  

E-print Network

Colloquium May 19, 2006 #12;Overview · Automatic Flight Controls - State of the Art · automation issues #12;Typical Transport Airplane Flight Guidance & Control System as many as 8 LRUs Triple FMS · MissionGeneralized Automatic and Augmented Manual Flight Control Anthony A. Lambregts FAA Chief Scientist

Berlin,Technische Universität

467

Automatic Integrity Checks for Remote Web Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing tools for automatically detecting Web site defacement compare monitored Web resources with uncorrupted copies of the content kept in a safe place. This can be an expensive and difficult task, especially when working with dynamic resources. In contrast, the Goldrake tool uses sensors and alarms to automatically monitor remote Web resources' integrity. Such a framework could help designers build

Alberto Bartoli; Eric Medvet

2006-01-01

468

Automatic star-horizon angle measurement system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automatic star horizontal angle measuring aid for general navigational use incorporates an Apollo type sextant. The eyepiece of the sextant is replaced with two light detectors and appropriate circuitry. The device automatically determines the angle between a navigational star and a unique point on the earths horizon as seen on a spacecraft.

Koerber, K.; Koso, D. A.; Nardella, P. C.

1969-01-01

469

Retrotrapezoid nucleus, respiratory chemosensitivity and breathing automaticity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breathing automaticity and CO2 regulation are inseparable neural processes. The retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN), a group of glutamatergic neurons that express the transcription factor Phox2b, may be a crucial nodal point through which breathing automaticity is regulated to maintain CO2 constant. This review updates the analysis presented in prior publications. Additional evidence that RTN neurons have central respiratory chemoreceptor properties is

Patrice G. Guyenet; Douglas A. Bayliss; Ruth L. Stornetta; Michal G. Fortuna; Stephen B. G. Abbott; Seth D. DePuy

2009-01-01

470

Department of Automatics, Biocybernetics and Robotics,  

E-print Network

J. Babic Department of Automatics, Biocybernetics and Robotics, Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana-742, Korea D. Omrcen J. Lenarcic Department of Automatics, Biocybernetics and Robotics, Jozef Stefan University, Seoul 151-742, Korea e-mail: fcp@snu.ac.kr A Biarticulated Robotic Leg for Jumping Movements

Babic, Jan

471

Ergonomic study of automatic teller machine operability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the most favorable interaction between information systems and people has drawn deep interest. An experimental study was conducted on the adaptation of computer?based communication to people at the automatic teller machines (ATMs) that are used by the general public. Forty?two subjects (24 young people, 6 housewives, and 12 elderly people) operated an automatic teller machine in the

Kazutoshi Hatta; Yuji Liyama

1991-01-01

472

Automatic prosodic clustering of humpback whales song  

E-print Network

Automatic prosodic clustering of humpback whales song G. Picot1 , O. Adam2 , M. Bergounioux1 , H Abstract- We automatically segmented a humpback whale song using the Roger Payne's principle of sound unit patterns of intonation. Intonation could be related to information's transmission between humpback whales

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

473

About automatic fire alarm systems research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fires continue to occur in modern architecture, the people's lives and property has brought huge losses. In order to reduce the fire in the building automatic fire alarm equipment placed into a necessity. This paper discusses the automatic fire alarm system, the composition and working principle. The system will be collected through the fire alarm detector to the fire, fault

Huide Liu; Lili Gao; Suwei Li; Tao Wu

2010-01-01

474

AMETHYST: automatic alarm assessment: becoming a reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the AMETHYST (AutoMatic Event auTHentication SYSTems) project is to encourage the development of a high performance perimeter detection system which combines Video Motion Detection (VMD) technology with another type of Perimeter Intrusion Detection System (PIDS). AMETHYST will automatically assess the cause of all PIDS alarms and pass to an operator only those alarms which are likely to

M. Horner; K. Sage; G. Leach

1997-01-01

475

AMETHYST: automatic alarm assessment becoming a reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the AMETHYST (AutoMatic Event auTHentication SYSTems) project is to encourage the development of a high performance perimeter detection system which combines Video Motion Detection (VMD) technology with another type of Perimeter Intrusion Detection System (PIDS). AMETHYST will automatically assess the cause of PIDS alarms and pass to an operator those alarms likely to be caused by an

M. Horner; H. Sage; G. Leach

1998-01-01

476

AMETHYST: automatic alarm assessment: operational experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the AMETHYST (Automatic Event Authentication Systems) project is to encourage the development of a high-performance perimeter detection system by using video assessment to enhance the Perimeter Intrusion Detection System (PIDS). AMETHYST will automatically assess the cause of all PIDS alarms and pass to an operator only those alarms that are likely to be caused by an intruder.

Michael Horner; Graham Leach; T. O'Dwyer

2000-01-01

477

Automatic generation of personalized music sports video  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a novel automatic approach for personalized music sports video generation. Two research challenges, semantic sports video content selection and automatic video composition, are addressed. For the first challenge, we propose to use multi-modal (audio, video and text) feature analysis and alignment to detect the semantic of events in sports video. For the second challenge, we

Jinjun Wang; Changsheng Xu; Engsiong Chng; Ling-Yu Duan; Kongwah Wan; Qi Tian

2005-01-01

478

Automatically scoring ladar detectors using target descriptors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The volume of data that must be processed to characterize the performance of target detection algorithms over a complex parameter space requires automated analysis. This paper discusses a methodology for automatically scoring the results from a diversity of detectors producing several different forms of detected regions. The ability to automatically score detector outputs without using full target templates or models

Annette Bergman; David H. DeKruger

2001-01-01

479

ANNUAL REPORT-AUTOMATIC INDEXING AND ABSTRACTING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE INVESTIGATION IS CONCERNED WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF AUTOMATIC INDEXING, ABSTRACTING, AND EXTRACTING SYSTEMS. BASIC INVESTIGATIONS IN ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY, PHONETICS, AND SYNTAX ARE PURSUED AS NECESSARY MEANS TO THIS END. IN THE FIRST SECTION THE THEORY AND DESIGN OF THE "SENTENCE DICTIONARY" EXPERIMENT IN AUTOMATIC EXTRACTION IS OUTLINED. SOME OF…

Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Palo Alto, CA. Electronic Sciences Lab.

480

Automatic Contour Tracking in Ultrasound Images  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a new automatic contour tracking system, EdgeTrak, for the ultrasound image sequences of human tongue is presented. The images are produced by a head and transducer support system (HATS). The noise and unrelated high-contrast edges in ultrasound images make it very difficult to automatically detect the correct tongue surfaces. In…

Li, Min; Kambhamettu, Chandra; Stone, Maureen

2005-01-01

481

Architectural Support for Automatic Service Composition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider architectural properties required for sup- porting automatic service composition. After defining com- posable service architecture, we proceed to examine the role of trust and reputation systems in such environment. Based on the proposed infrastructure we give several op- tions for achieving automatic service composition, under the assumption that previously defined requirements are ar- chitecturally supported. Finally we discuss

Nikola Milanovic; Miroslaw Malek

2005-01-01

482

30 CFR 77.314 - Automatic temperature control instruments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Automatic temperature control instruments. 77.314 Section...Thermal Dryers § 77.314 Automatic temperature control instruments. (a) Automatic temperature control instruments for thermal...

2011-07-01

483

30 CFR 77.314 - Automatic temperature control instruments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Automatic temperature control instruments. 77.314 Section...Thermal Dryers § 77.314 Automatic temperature control instruments. (a) Automatic temperature control instruments for thermal...

2013-07-01

484

30 CFR 77.314 - Automatic temperature control instruments.  

... 2014-07-01 false Automatic temperature control instruments. 77.314 Section...Thermal Dryers § 77.314 Automatic temperature control instruments. (a) Automatic temperature control instruments for thermal...

2014-07-01

485

30 CFR 77.314 - Automatic temperature control instruments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Automatic temperature control instruments. 77.314 Section...Thermal Dryers § 77.314 Automatic temperature control instruments. (a) Automatic temperature control instruments for thermal...

2012-07-01

486

30 CFR 77.314 - Automatic temperature control instruments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Automatic temperature control instruments. 77.314 Section...Thermal Dryers § 77.314 Automatic temperature control instruments. (a) Automatic temperature control instruments for thermal...

2010-07-01

487

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2013-01-01

488

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with the control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2013-01-01

489

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with the control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2014-01-01

490

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with the control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2011-01-01

491

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2012-01-01

492

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2014-01-01

493

14 CFR 27.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2011-01-01

494

14 CFR 29.1329 - Automatic pilot system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (a) Each automatic pilot system must be designed so that the automatic pilot can...pilot to allow control of the rotorcraft...interfering with the control of the rotorcraft...Unless there is automatic synchronization, each system must...

2012-01-01

495

46 CFR 15.816 - Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPAs).  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPAs). 15.816 ...Computations § 15.816 Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPAs). Every person...seagoing vessels equipped with automatic radar plotting aids (ARPAs), except...

2014-10-01

496

Evaluating the effectiveness of automatic PVR management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model for evaluating the effectiveness of automatic recording of television programs by digital personal video recorders (PVRs) is presented. The model is used to evaluate the tradeoff between manual management of recording programs to a PVR archive and automatic management of recording. We show that a tradeoff exists between manual management in which the utility of a program is perfectly known but user awareness of available programs is limited versus automatic management in which utility estimates contain error but awareness is perfect. Experiments with the model show that the shape of this tradeoff is most governed by the shape of the distribution of user utility. As the percentage of programs with high user utility decreases relative to the average, the more effective automatic recording is likely to be despite errors in utility estimation. The shape of this tradeoff, however, is highly inelastic. Thus, improving utility estimates will not make automatic recording more effective if user awareness is sufficiently high.

Mayer-Patel, Ketan; Miaw, Wesley

2003-12-01

497

Automatic spatial association for luminance.  

PubMed

In the present study, we investigated whether luminance and the side of response execution are associated, showing a SNARC-like effect (faster responses with the left hand for dark stimuli, and vice versa for light stimuli). A total of 30 participants were tested in two experiments. In Experiment 1, the association between space and the luminance of chromatic stimuli was directly tested (brightness discrimination). In Experiment 2, the same spatial association was tested indirectly (hue discrimination). The results showed that participants responded faster with their left hand to hues with lower luminance, and with their right hand to hues with higher luminance, in either the direct or the indirect task. The consistency of this association in both tasks demonstrates the automaticity of the SNARC-like effect for luminance. PMID:24402699

Fumarola, Antonia; Prpic, Valter; Da Pos, Osvaldo; Murgia, Mauro; Umiltà, Carlo; Agostini, Tiziano

2014-04-01

498

Automatic Nanodesign Using Evolutionary Techniques  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many problems associated with the development of nanotechnology require custom designed molecules. We use genetic graph software, a new development, to automatically evolve molecules of interest when only the requirements are known. Genetic graph software designs molecules, and potentially nanoelectronic circuits, given a fitness function that determines which of two molecules is better. A set of molecules, the first generation, is generated at random then tested with the fitness function, Subsequent generations are created by randomly choosing two parent molecules with a bias towards high scoring molecules, tearing each molecules in two at random, and mating parts from the mother and father to create two children. This procedure is repeated until a satisfactory molecule is found. An atom pair similarity test is currently used as the fitness function to evolve molecules similar to existing pharmaceuticals.

Globus, Al; Saini, Subhash (Technical Monitor)

1998-01-01

499

Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device  

DOEpatents

A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

2004-09-14

500

Autoclass: An automatic classification system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The task of inferring a set of classes and class descriptions most likely to explain a given data set can be placed on a firm theoretical foundation using Bayesian statistics. Within this framework, and using various mathematical and algorithmic approximations, the AutoClass System searches for the most probable classifications, automatically choosing the number of classes and complexity of class descriptions. A simpler version of AutoClass has been applied to many large real data sets, has discovered new independently-verified phenomena, and has been released as a robust software package. Recent extensions allow attributes to be selectively correlated within particular classes, and allow classes to inherit, or share, model parameters through a class hierarchy. The mathematical foundations of AutoClass are summarized.

Stutz, John; Cheeseman, Peter; Hanson, Robin

1991-01-01