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1

Maternal mortality at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Southeast Nigeria: a 10-year review (2003-2012)  

PubMed Central

Background Maternal mortality is high the world over, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. Nigeria has consistently demonstrated one of the most abysmally poor reproductive health indices in the world, maternal mortality inclusive. This is a sad reminder that, unless things are better organized, Southeast Nigeria, which Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH) represents, may not join other parts of the world in attaining Millennium Development Goal 5 to improve maternal health in 2015. Objectives This study was conducted to assess NAUTH’S progress in achieving a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and to identify the major causes of maternal mortality. Materials and methods This was a 10-year retrospective study, conducted between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2012 at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Southeast Nigeria. Results During the study period, there were 8,022 live births and 103 maternal deaths, giving an MMR of 1,284/100,000 live births. The MMR was 1,709 in 2003, reducing to 1,115 in 2012. This is to say that there was a 24.86% reduction over 10 years, hence, in 15 years, the reduction should be 37%. This extrapolated reduction over 15 years is about 38% less than the target of 75% reduction. The major direct causes of maternal mortality in this study were: pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (27%), hemorrhage (22%), and sepsis (12%). The indirect causes were: anemia, anesthesia, and HIV encephalopathy. Most of the maternal deaths occurred in unbooked patients (98%) and within the first 48 hours of admission (76%). Conclusion MMRs in NAUTH are still very high and the rate of reduction is very slow. At this rate, it will take this health facility 30 years, instead of 15 years, to achieve a 75% reduction in maternal mortality.

Obiechina, NJ; Okolie, VE; Okechukwu, ZC; Oguejiofor, CF; Udegbunam, OI; Nwajiaku, LSA; Ogbuokiri, C; Egeonu, R

2013-01-01

2

Adult surgical emergencies in a developing country: the experience of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria.  

PubMed

The goal of this study was to examine the adult surgical emergencies seen at the Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi, with a view to proffering preventive solutions where appropriate and improving outcome. From the register of patients seen at the Casualty department and from the operations register in the main operation room of NAUTH, names and hospital numbers of adult patients treated as emergencies over a 5-year period, from 7 September 1998 to 6 September 2003, were obtained. The hospital folders were then retrieved from the Records Department. From each folder, the following details about each patient were extracted: age, sex, diagnosis at presentation, causative factors, treatment given, and outcome. A total of 902 adult patients were treated during the period. The commonest emergency operation was appendectomy for acute appendicitis in 139 patients (97 women and 42 men), followed closely by road traffic accidents (RTAs) involving 137 patients (103 men and 34 women). Gunshot injuries, which resulted mainly from armed robbery attacks, accounted for 127 cases. More men (113) sustained gunshot injuries than women (14). Of the 92 cases of acute intestinal obstruction seen, 62 occurred in women and 30 in men. Some 126 men presented with acute urinary retention, and two others presented with priapism. Governments at various levels should provide modern diagnostic tools for the accurate preoperative diagnosis of surgical emergencies in hospitals. Governments should also inculcate strict discipline into drivers using the highways, particularly in relation to abuse of alcohol and drugs. Good roads and adequate security should be provided for the people. The need for Pre-Hospital Care for the efficient evacuation of accident victims is emphasized. These measures will help to improve the management and outcome of surgical emergencies, and decrease the number of surgical emergencies resulting from RTAs and gunshot wounds. PMID:15880283

Chianakwana, Gabriel U; Ihegihu, Chima C; Okafor, Pius I S; Anyanwu, Stanley N C; Mbonu, Okechukwu O

2005-06-01

3

The interface of nutritional practices of selected basketball players of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, on performance.  

PubMed

The nutritional practices of athletes are critical to sports performance, since good result is the goal or expectations of all sports stake-holders, coaches, sports administrators/managers and spectators alike, therefore the issue of good nutrition regarding these "human machines" (athletes), calls for serious attention. This research, therefore tried to examine the nutritional practices of some selected Basketball players of Nnamdi Azikiwe University (UNIZIK) Awka, in Anambra State of Nigeria. Some 59 male and female Basketball (B/B) players were purposefully selected to participate in the study. A self developed questionnaire (r = 0.71) was administered on them and Weighted Mean Score (WMS). This was in an attempt to ascertain whether the dietary manipulations as practiced by these athletes immediately before competition, affect their performance, in any way. Findings revealed daily inadequate consumption of required proportion of nutrients and very poor timing of meals by the players. PMID:22980392

Eugene, Alagbu Chukwubikem; Agwubuike, E O

2012-08-31

4

Enhancing University Teaching with Teaching Enhancement Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improvements in university teaching have been the aim of a wide diversity of projects over the past decade. This paper reports on a series of three initiatives in one university which created opportunities for good teachers to share their understandings with others and gain recognition for their contributions. The initiatives centred on the development of Teaching Enhancement Teams ? groups

Jo McKenzie

1998-01-01

5

Mansfield University Student Teaching Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is a practical manual to guide the joint efforts of the student teaching triad--student teacher, cooperating teacher, and university supervisor. The manual is divided into three parts. Chapters 1, 2, and 3 give an overview of Mansfield University's teacher education and student teaching programs, including a description of…

Woollen, Sandra L., Ed.

6

Teaching Subtitling at University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been a clear increase in the exchange of products that need some form of translation and particularly in the field of audiovisual material. However, very few higher education institutions in the United Kingdom have taken up the challenge to teach any of the translation modes implemented in the world of audiovisual products: subtitling,…

Cintas, Jorge Diaz

7

Teaching Geomorphology at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geomorphology courses in British universities emphasize the main landform/process systems rather than more abstract concepts. Recommends a more theoretical focus on fundamental geomorphic processes and methodological problems. Available from: Faculty of Modern Studies, Oxford Polytechnic, Headington, Oxford OX3 OBP, England. (Author/AV)

Sugden, David; Hamilton, Patrick

1978-01-01

8

Research as a model for university teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-nine active researchers in 28 university departments were interviewed about their research and teaching. Though most disciplines were clustered within specific research types, lectures were almost universally prescribed for teaching large and undergraduate classes. Except for seminars, commonly chosen for graduate classes in the humanities, teaching methods did not reflect how professors pursued their own learning. A second study replicated

Bruce M. Shore; Susan Pinker; Mary Bates

1990-01-01

9

Multicultural Teaching in the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides a collection of papers that address the enhancement of faculty teaching and learning in an increasingly interconnected multicultural society. Three interconnected dimensions of multicultural teaching are focused upon: content, process and discourse, and diversity of faculty and students. Papers and their authors are as follows:…

Schoem, David, Ed.; And Others

10

[Teaching assessment in recruitment of university teaching staff].  

PubMed

When a university teacher is recruited, should his capacity for teaching as well as his scientific maturity be evaluated? If this is the case, how must this assessment be carried out? With regard to the first question, despite the fact that present-day official requirements seem unclear and confusing, for some years now declarations from the Consensus Conference of the World Federation for Medical Education (WFME) leave no doubt that assessment of teaching capacity should constitute a basic requisite for the appointment of teachers and their future career. The fifth declaration of WFME is quite clear about the need to train teachers to be educators and not only experts in their various disciplines, to ratify teaching capacities on par with capacities shown in biomedical research and medical practice. The WFME's recommendations, on the other hand, provide no useful elements for formulating the criteria by which to assess candidates' teaching capacities. The tables given therefore refer not to official documents, but to studies worked out by experts. In the first table regarding criteria for global assessment of candidates, it is easy to observe that teaching capacity is strongly penalized with respect to professional maturity. In the second grid, which is specific for teaching capacities, more precise criteria are suggested to characterize a teaching profile in various ways, such as finishing and updating experience in ateliers, familiarity with teaching instruments, use of articulated teaching methods and the possibility of assessment by students through questionnaires. PMID:1524948

Sensi, S

11

Students' Perception of University Teaching Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the paper is to explore students' perception of university teaching behaviours in Pakistan. Three hundred and fifty students from the six public sector Pakistani universities returned questionnaires. Assessment framework, learning activities and instructional strategies emerged from factor analysis as common factors. Students' views…

Ali, Akhtar; Tariq, Riaz H.; Topping, J.

2009-01-01

12

Students' Perception of University Teaching Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the paper is to explore students' perception of university teaching behaviours in Pakistan. Three hundred and fifty students from the six public sector Pakistani universities returned questionnaires. Assessment framework, learning activities and instructional strategies emerged from factor analysis as common factors. Students'…

Ali, Akhtar; Tariq, Riaz H.; Topping, J.

2009-01-01

13

Disciplinary Differences and University Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pulls together research on the nature of higher education teaching and learning across the different disciplines. Provides scope for future macro, meso, and micro level studies to seek explanations for systematic disciplinary differences. Suggests how this research can be used to inform institutional and government policy. (Contains 52…

Neumann, Ruth

2001-01-01

14

Teaching Physics at a University in Finland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From January through May, 2011 the author was able to teach physics courses in an engineering curriculum at a university in Helsinki, Finland. Many differences, both in the curriculum and the culture, were experienced during this period and these will be discussed in this paper.

Sullivan, James

2012-04-01

15

Teaching Videos: University of Exeter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While nothing will ever replace the face-to-face experience of direct medical care and training, certain skills can be gained by reviewing high-quality instructional and training videos on such topics. This resource from the University of Exeter's College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences was designed to help interested parties learn about patient-centered care and the psychology involved with patient care. In the section titled Psychology in Patient Care, visitors can view six different videos that deal with topics such as first impressions, assumptions, boundaries, and managing aggressions. The material here follows Emma, a student radiographer, on her first clinical placement. Moving along, the second section (The Patient's View) presents Vera, "a remarkable and courageous lady," talking in clips titled "A question of dignity" and "Going the extra mile."

2012-04-27

16

Teaching Data Security at University Degree Level  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a general consensus that courses on data security at university degree level should be research-oriented and teach fundamentals of the field, i.e., items of long-term knowledge in contrast to technology-oriented system knowledge. Unfortunately, this consensus often results in courses that are either too theoretical or are outdated with respect to current developments in security technology. We argue that

Maximillian Dornseif; Felix Gaertner; Martin Mink; Lexi Pimenidis

2005-01-01

17

Assessing the impact of a university teaching development programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four different indicators are used to assess the impact of a year?long university teaching development programme in an Australian research?led university. All four indicators show small positive outcomes. Teachers who complete the programme have higher rates of receipt of teaching awards and teaching development grants than their colleagues who do not participate in the programme. Students in the classes of

Keith Trigwell; Katia Caballero Rodriguez; Feifei Han

2012-01-01

18

Assessing the impact of a university teaching development programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four different indicators are used to assess the impact of a year?long university teaching development programme in an Australian research?led university. All four indicators show small positive outcomes. Teachers who complete the programme have higher rates of receipt of teaching awards and teaching development grants than their colleagues who do not participate in the programme. Students in the classes of

Keith Trigwell; Katia Caballero Rodriguez; Feifei Han

2011-01-01

19

TEACHING FOR BETTER LEARNING IN A RESEARCH UNIVERSITY 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Dispelling some myths about teaching-research links It is something of a cliché to say that teaching and research are inextricably linked. Involvement in research is the distinguishing characteristic of the contemporary university, and the term \\

Christopher Knapper

2006-01-01

20

Quality Assurance Program in a University Teaching Hospital.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The establishment of a quality assurance program at University Hospital, the primary teaching facility at the University of Arkansas Medical Center, Little Rock, is described. During a 5-month planning effort funded by the Arkansas Regional Medical Progra...

1974-01-01

21

Teaching Styles and Occupational Stress among Chinese University Faculty Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary aim of this research is to investigate the predictive power of occupational stress for teaching style among university faculty members. A sample of 144 faculty members from a large university in the People's Republic of China rated themselves on three ability scales and responded to the Thinking Styles in Teaching Inventory and to…

Zhang, Li-fang

2007-01-01

22

Teaching Styles and Occupational Stress among Chinese University Faculty Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary aim of this research is to investigate the predictive power of occupational stress for teaching style among university faculty members. A sample of 144 faculty members from a large university in the People’s Republic of China rated themselves on three ability scales and responded to the Thinking Styles in Teaching Inventory and to four scales from the Occupational

2007-01-01

23

Attitudes of Spanish University Teaching Staff to Quality in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article sets out to investigate the notions Spanish university teaching staff have of quality in education, on the assumption that those notions give a reliable picture of the attitudes of teaching staff towards education policy design and university management. The paper takes an empirical approach, collecting opinions telematically via a…

Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea-Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; Mijangos-Del-Campo, Juan Jose; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon

2012-01-01

24

Some effects of training on teaching effectiveness of untrained university teaching assistants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an assessment of the effects which a brief training program had on teaching effectiveness of graduate teaching assistants (TAs). Twenty-two inexperienced and previously untrained university TAs from economics, geography, and business administration were assigned to a training or control group by a stratified random method with stratification based on TA departmental affiliation. Teaching experts rated two videotapes

Kathleen A. Dalgaard

1982-01-01

25

University of the West Indies Distance Teaching Experiment (UWIDITE). Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since March 1983, the University of the West Indies has been conducting a distance teaching experiment that links its three campuses and the Extra Mural Centres in Antigua, Dominica, and St. Lucia by telecommunications. The network is used for interactive distance teaching and other types of teleconferences. A variety of modern audio and video…

Lalor, Gerald C.; Marrett, Christine

26

What Do University Language Teachers Say about Language Teaching Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the relationship between research and language teaching is often discussed among applied linguists, the views of language teachers are often reported anecdotally, if at all. Our article explores how language teaching colleagues in a Canadian university view this relationship as expressed in open-ended questionnaire responses and…

Allison, Desmond; Carey, Julia

2007-01-01

27

Datagram: Income Analysis of University-Owned Teaching Hospitals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey conducted by the Department of Teaching Hospitals of the Association of American Medical Colleges is reported that shows income, expense, and general operating data for university-owned teaching hospitals. Sixty-one hospitals reported data that were keyed to Medicare cost reports. Self-pay and Medicare maintained their places as leading…

Isaacs, Joseph C.

1978-01-01

28

Frontiers in Course Development; System and Collaboration in University Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present document presents a review of the proceedings of a workshop held in May 1971 on "Teaching University Biological Sciences." The major papers dealt with in the report are: (1) "Application of the Systems Approach to Teaching and Learning"; (2) "Biology and Social Change"; (3) "Biology for Biology Majors"; (4) "Design of a Short…

Good, Harold M., Ed.; Trotter, Bernard, Ed.

29

‘Structural transformation’ as a threshold concept in university teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to reveal potential threshold concepts in the field of higher education pedagogy, groups of university teachers (in the UK and in Panama) were encouraged to develop personal reflection upon their conceptions of teaching. This was initiated through concept mapping activities. It was hoped that this would help participants to address the perceived differences of teaching between their

Ian M. Kinchin; Norma L. Miller

2012-01-01

30

Nurturing Undergraduate Tutors' Role in the University Teaching Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|University students often serve as tutors who supplement the lecture-based teaching of permanent academic staff. However, potential issues arise when student tutors are employed with similar expectations of expertise and experience as the industry professionals and permanent staff they teach alongside. Arguably, successful and sustainable…

Sutherland, Kathryn A.

2009-01-01

31

University Faculty Members' Perceptions of Their Teaching Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate faculty members' perceptions of teaching efficacy and their relation to faculty members' backgrounds. A questionnaire measuring six dimensions of teaching efficacy was distributed to faculty members at 17 universities in Taiwan, yielding 513 complete sets of responses. Faculty members felt efficacious,…

Chang, Te-Sheng; Lin, Huei-Hsuan; Song, Mei-Mei

2011-01-01

32

The Evaluation of University Teaching: Context, Values and Innovation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following an examination of the value, structural, and interpersonal context in which university teaching takes place, an innovation perspective is discussed that explains the process of innovation in terms of the characteristics of the host system. (Author/MLW)

Mathias, Haydn

1984-01-01

33

Consumerism and consumer complexity: implications for university teaching and teaching evaluation.  

PubMed

A contemporary issue is the effects of a corporate production metaphor and consumerism on university education. Efforts by universities to attract students and teaching strategies aimed at 'adult learners' tend to treat student consumers as a homogeneous group with similar expectations. In this paper, I argue that consumer groups are not uniform. I use Dagevos' theoretical approach to categorize consumers as calculating, traditional, unique, and responsible. Based on the characteristics of consumers occupying these categories, I describe the implications of the varying consumer expectations for teaching. I also consider the implications for evaluation of teaching and call for research taking consumer types into account when evaluating teaching. PMID:23582877

Hall, Wendy A

2013-04-09

34

University Teaching--A Step Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors discuss the need for improvement of teaching at the college level and present a study in which they videotaped college instructors as a means of feedback and improvement of instructional techniques. (HMD)|

Miltz, Robert J.; Noam, Jael

1974-01-01

35

Teaching versus Research: A Model of State University Competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes a game between two competing universities that teach and research in the same jurisdiction. The resulting equilibrium is unique and symmetric but differs according to preferences, technologies, and public policy. The budget for university finance is exogenously given and consists of a lump-sum amount and a per-student allocation. Under this finance structure, we are able to identify

Elena Del Rey

2001-01-01

36

Enhancing Science Teaching through University-School District Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In summer 1990, Drexel University and Philadelphia School District collaborated on a five-week teacher-oriented university science course that emphasized an integrated approach to teaching mathematics and science in which elementary teachers link science and mathematics to students' everyday experience through hands-on activities. (IAH)

Vaidya, Sheila R.; Rouse, Ernestine

1992-01-01

37

Teaching English as a Second Language to Mexican University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes one teacher's experiences teaching English to Mexican university students at the Instituto Technologico y de Estudios Superiores de Mexico (ITESM), which is considered Mexico's top private university. The author taught two levels of English as a Second Language: English 2 and advanced English. The entire ITESM system used the…

Frusher, Susan

38

Comparing Research and Teaching in University Promotion Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article categorises the different criteria and weightings used to determine promotions in UK universities. The criteria were analysed to determine the extent to which they recognise research and teaching equally as evidence for promotion. The results show that universities have largely adopted formal parity in the criteria for senior and…

Parker, Jonathan

2008-01-01

39

Communications and University Teaching With Particular Reference to the Caribbean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of the critical situation faced by higher education today and the world shortage of educational resources, it might be necessary to provide links between the traditionally autonomous universities of the Commonwealth so that they can share their resources for teaching and research. Experiences within Britain and North America have…

Inter-University Research Unit, Cambridge (England)

40

"Structural Transformation" as a Threshold Concept in University Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an attempt to reveal potential threshold concepts in the field of higher education pedagogy, groups of university teachers (in the UK and in Panama) were encouraged to develop personal reflection upon their conceptions of teaching. This was initiated through concept mapping activities. It was hoped that this would help participants to address…

Kinchin, Ian M.; Miller, Norma L.

2012-01-01

41

"Structural Transformation" as a Threshold Concept in University Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to reveal potential threshold concepts in the field of higher education pedagogy, groups of university teachers (in the UK and in Panama) were encouraged to develop personal reflection upon their conceptions of teaching. This was initiated through concept mapping activities. It was hoped that this would help participants to address…

Kinchin, Ian M.; Miller, Norma L.

2012-01-01

42

Communications and University Teaching With Particular Reference to the Caribbean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of the critical situation faced by higher education today and the world shortage of educational resources, it might be necessary to provide links between the traditionally autonomous universities of the Commonwealth so that they can share their resources for teaching and research. Experiences within Britain and North America have suggested…

Inter-University Research Unit, Cambridge (England)

43

TEACHING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS FAMILY CAREGIVING ONLINE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an online course developed and currently offered at Middle Tennessee State University. Considering the statistics of family caregivers, their needs, and students’ and human service professionals’ education, the author demonstrates the necessity of such courses and their benefits. The author also considers the standards for online Social Work education. Because there are more than 54 million family

James E. Taylor

2004-01-01

44

Teaching Astronomy from Elementary School to University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth sciences are included in both elementary and secondary education school curricula in Portugal because it increases students' skills concerning living in planet Earth. Astronomy concepts and laws are learned to provide a global understanding of the constitution and characterization of the universe, the solar system and the position of Earth in these systems. The Earth in Space theme comprises: the universe (scale measurements and characterization); the solar system (origin, constitution, orientation, dimension and characterization); the Earth in the solar system (movements and forces); and the Earth (shape and constitution). Interaction processes between the Sun, the Earth and the Moon, (e.g. earth position, explanation of day and night, reason for the seasons, phases of the moon) are also studied. It is aimed that the students learn to monitor and to register the observations. In this sense, besides the use of planetarium and field observations using telescopes we also propose the use of internet and simulation software. Our experience reveals that software dynamics studies and online exploitation techniques improve student outcomes since they provide the opportunity for students to develop their own mental models. All these resources collectively seem to provide an appropriate creative environment for students. For these reasons, we are working with elementary and secondary school teachers. We firmly believe that it is more likely to result in a gradual progress in their practices, in the curricula and in long-term improvements in students' outcomes.

Amorim, V.; Pereira, M. G.; Liberato, M. L. R.; Caramelo, L.; Amraoui, M.; Alencoão, A. M.; Reis, A.

2009-04-01

45

Teaching Astronomy at SRTM University, Nanded  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

School of Physical Sciences of SRTM University, Nanded, Maharashtra offers Astronomy & Astrophysics as one of the specializations at postgraduate (M. Sc) level. With a view to provide training in astronomical observations, data analysis and interpretation of the data; the school has incorporated a set of observational as well as data analysis exercises as a part of this course. The school at present is having observing facilities like, two 8 inch aperture Meade optical telescopes equipped with SSP-3 and SSP-3A photometers, 416-XT CCD camera and is in the process of procurement of Advanced Coma Free 16 inch (40cm) aperture Meade LX-200 optical telescope along with ST-10XME CCD camera and SBIG spectrograph. In addition to these facilities, with an objective of spreading the joy and excitement of radio astronomy among the postgraduate and research students, the school is procuring one 10-feet diameter dish antenna and 1420 MHz Hydrogen Line Spectrometer (radio observation setup). For the solar irradiance measurement, the school is also procuring one StellarNetUV-VIS-NIR Spectro-Radiometer. These facilities are quite suitable for continuous monitoring of a variety of variable stars, carrying out spectroscopic observations of a variety of objects, 21-cm observations of star-forming regions, solar irradiance measurement etc. This presentation is aimed to give a brief summary of various activities that are conducted at M Sc. level using the facilities available in our university department.

Patil, Madhav Khushalrao

46

Self-regulated learning about university teaching: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

While research on self-regulated learning has been proliferating over the past decade, also within higher education settings, only very few studies apply the notion of self-regulated learning to teaching. We offer this exploratory study as a contribution to our understanding of the role of self-regulated learning in university instructors’ growth as teachers. Thirty-one academic science staff participated in semi-structured interviews

Carolin Kreber; Heather Castleden; Nina Erfani; Tarah Wright

2005-01-01

47

Assessment of Science Teaching Efficacy of Preservice Teachers in an Australian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research investigating science teaching efficacy was conducted in 1 Australian university. A sample of 314 elementary preservice teachers responded to the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBI; L. G. Enochs & I. M. Riggs, 1990), which assesses 2 teaching efficacy dimensions: Personal Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs (PSTEB) and…

Mulholland, Judith; Dorman, Jeffrey P.; Odgers, Barbara M.

2004-01-01

48

Pedagogical ideas on sonic, mediated, and virtual musical landscapes: Teaching hip hop in a university classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the experience of teaching the history of American hip hop music to a classroom of Canadian university students, the author considers the disjuncture between the cultural orientations of herself and her students. The author considers teaching methods to solve the place-based disjuncture that often occurs when teaching genres such as hip hop, as well as in the teaching

Niyati Dhokai

2012-01-01

49

Teaching Astronomy and Astrophysics online at the Valencian International University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last decade, the development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has imply a significant change in the traditional distance learning and specifically in e-learning. The new tools developed are consolidating the online learning modality at the university level all over the world and in all disciplines.In this study, we present the case of the Master of Astronomy and Astrophysics which is running from 2010 in the Valencian International University (http://www.viu.es). Unlike other more consolidated distance universities in Spain, the teaching method which has opted in this case includes an element of presence via webcam. This method could be considered as a kind of blended learning, combining the advantages of traditional e-learning with the humanity of personal and direct contact with the students.The results of participation in the master beyond the initial expectations with 37 students enrolled, of which approximately 80% were Spanish and the other 20% were mostly from Latin American countries. The feedback provided by students in the first months of teaching appreciates favorably the presence component, while casting doubt on the usefulness of certain tools traditionally used in the field of e-learning.

Fuster-Garcia, E.; Diago, P. D.; Martínez, V. J.

2011-11-01

50

The Teaching Artist: A Model for University Dance Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a teaching model, "The Teaching Artist", developed to address the pedagogical and cultural divide between the traditional dance teacher and the dance artist who teaches: traditionally, one teaching about dance and the other, teaching through dance. The "Teaching Artist" model was developed through the "Q150 Project." The…

Huddy, Avril; Stevens, Kym

2011-01-01

51

University Efficiency: Complementariness versus Trade-Off between Teaching, Research and Administrative Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|University managers should be aware of the importance that efficiency has for their own universities, orientating their actions towards research and teaching excellence. This study estimates teaching and research efficiency of the different departments of a university and tests the complementariness versus trade-off between them. The results…

Sellers-Rubio, Ricardo; Mas-Ruiz, Francisco J.; Casado-Diaz, Ana B.

2010-01-01

52

Socialization experiences resulting from engineering teaching assistantships at Purdue University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to explore and understand the types of socialization experiences that result from engineering teaching assistantships. Using situated learning as the theoretical framework and phenomenology as the methodological framework, this study highlights the experiences of 28 engineering doctoral students who worked as engineering teaching assistants (TAs), in response to the following research question: What socialization experiences do engineering doctoral students report going through as a result of being engineering TAs? Data was obtained via interviews (individual and focus group, with participants from various schools of engineering at Purdue University), informal observations, and supporting documents. These multiple data sources were analyzed and triangulated to find recurring themes in and characteristics of the graduate engineering TA experience. Participants in this study characterized their socialization experiences in the following categories: participation in TA training of different kinds, interactions with different groups of individuals, the undertaking of various types of TA responsibilities, the balancing of teaching and research, and the use and development of certain skills. In addition, some differences in experiences were found depending on type of TA appointment, stage of doctoral study, semesters as a TA, career goals, and engineering program.

Mena, Irene B.

53

Patient attitudes towards medical students at Damascus University teaching hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background The cooperation of patients and their consent to involve medical students in their care is vital to clinical education, but large numbers of students and lack of experience as well as loss of privacy may evoke negative attitudes of patients, which may sometimes adversely affect the clinical teaching environment. This study aimed to explore the attitudes of patients towards medical students at Damascus University hospitals, and to explore the determinants of those attitudes thus discussing possible implications applicable to clinical teaching. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted at three teaching hospitals affiliated to the Faculty of Medicine at Damascus University. Four hundred patients were interviewed between March and April 2011 by a trained sociologist using a structured questionnaire. Results Of the patients interviewed, 67.8% approved the presence of medical students during the medical consultation and 58.2% of them felt comfortable with the presence of students, especially among patients with better socio-economic characteristics. 81.5% of the patients agreed to be examined by students in the presence of the supervisor, while 40.2% gave agreement even in the absence of the supervisor. Privacy was the most important factor in the patients' reticence towards examination by the students, whilst the relative safety and comfort if a supervisor was available determined patients' agreement. Conclusions The study concluded overall positive attitudes to the medical students' involvement in medical education. However, it is essential that students and clinical supervisors understand and adhere to professional and ethical conduct when involving patients in medical education.

2012-01-01

54

The Changing Nature of Teaching and Unit Evaluations in Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Teaching and unit evaluations surveys are used to assess the quality of teaching and the quality of the unit of study. An analysis of teaching and unit evaluation survey practices in Australian universities suggests significant changes. One key change discussed in the paper is the shift from voluntary to mandatory use of surveys with the…

Shah, Mahsood; Nair, Chenicheri Sid

2012-01-01

55

Graduate teaching assistants' use of behavior alteration techniques in the university classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addressed graduate teaching assistants' use of Behavior Alteration Techniques (BATs) in the university courses they teach. Analyses included an examination of how BAT use impacts student affective learning and a comparison of these findings with professorial BAT use\\/influence. Results indicated that BAT use is significantly related to student affective learning for graduate teaching assistants and for professors. Discriminant

K. David Roach

1991-01-01

56

University Teacher Approaches to Design and Teaching and Concepts of Learning Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the experience of teaching of 19 teachers who are teaching on university courses involving face-to-face and on-line learning. The teachers are asked about how they think about learning technologies and how they approach the design and teaching of their courses across these two contexts. Results show that there are…

Ellis, Robert A.; Hughes, Jane; Weyers, Mark; Riding, Phil

2009-01-01

57

Restoring the Status of Teaching Scholarship at a Research Orientated University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities find it difficult to judge the teaching of academics and are reluctant to reward them on the basis of the scholarship of teaching. Continuing tension between teaching and research, in which research-based criteria usually take precedence, compounds this reluctance. Boyer's four-tiered scholarship model assisted the understanding of…

Bitzer, E. M.

2006-01-01

58

Conceptions of teaching and learning at school and university: Similarities, differences, relationships and contextual factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a discussion of the relationships between and within conceptions of teaching and learning in schools and universities. It becomes apparent that generally and statistically there is congruence between conceptions of learning and approaches to it and between conceptions of teaching and strategies at all levels and across contexts. There is also generally congruence between conceptions of teaching

Gillian M. Boulton-Lewis

59

The teaching of medical ethics at Southampton University Medical School.  

PubMed Central

For centuries medical schools in Britain and elsewhere had a fairly static curriculum based on what might be called the 'three Rs' of medicine, and consequently had to make room for new subjects as the need arose in a fashion which was sometimes makeshift. However, Southampton University has only had a medical school for six years, and therefore their course on medical ethics and legal medicine was carefully integrated into the curriculum after some preliminary experiments carried out by a subcommittee which is continually reviewing the situation. Medical ethics has now a definite place in the fourth year, preceded by an introduction to ethical problems encountered in medicine in the first year. Not only do members of the medical faculty participate in this teaching but also members of the faculties of law and the arts.

Dennis, K J; Hall, M R

1977-01-01

60

Relationship between Adjunct and Full-Time Faculty Teaching at a For-Profit University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative case study explored the workplace relationships of adjunct and full-time faculty teaching at a for-profit university. The study was conducted at one campus of Segway University. Faculty in this study included men and women and represented different academic departments. All full-time faculty participants had experience teaching

Strom Kays, Sarah A.

2009-01-01

61

What Can We Learn About Teaching From Our Best University Teachers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there has been a growing literature which explores the thinking of teachers at the school level, no such parallel literature exists for university teachers. In this paper, interviews with four academics who received awards for ‘excellent teaching’ are used to explore the way these university teachers view their teaching. The themes which emerged include: a clear sense of what

Sue Johnston

1996-01-01

62

What’s it all about? Making sense of Australian university learning and teaching plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universities put considerable resources into developing learning and teaching plans. In this paper, we examine the purpose of these plans in the context of legislative requirements, public accountability and the quality agenda. We analyse a sample of Australian university learning and teaching plans using a framework we have developed based on theory and research on strategic planning and core themes

Kathleen Gray; Alex Radloff

2010-01-01

63

What's It All about? Making Sense of Australian University Learning and Teaching Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Universities put considerable resources into developing learning and teaching plans. In this paper, we examine the purpose of these plans in the context of legislative requirements, public accountability and the quality agenda. We analyse a sample of Australian university learning and teaching plans using a framework we have developed based on…

Gray, Kathleen; Radloff, Alex

2010-01-01

64

University Professors and Teaching Ethics: Conceptualizations and Expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the spectacular ethical breaches in corporate America emerged, business school professors were singled out as having been negligent in teaching ethical standards. This exploratory study asked business school faculty about teaching ethics, including conceptualizations of ethics in a teaching context and opinions of the extent to which teaching ethics could positively affect student behavior. This research also identified respondents’

Kathy Lund Dean; Jeri Mullins Beggs

2006-01-01

65

THE TREND AND CHALLENGE FOR TEACHING EFL AT TAIWANESE UNIVERSITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author first talks about the current situation of teaching EFL in higher education institutions in Taiwan, and indicates that the Commu- nicative Language Teaching (CLT) Approach has been the most popu- lar language teaching approach lately. Then he addresses the hybrid course approach which seems to be a trend as well as an appropriate way for teaching English. Despite

Gi-Zen Liu

2005-01-01

66

The rewards and challenges of teaching innovation in university physics: 4 years' reflection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on the transition of the researcher's teaching from before and during an innovation in teaching practice, including 1 year of traditional teaching (1996) and 3 years of teaching based on a constructivist view of learning (1999-2001), in a university physics course in Taiwan. Learning outcomes for each year were evaluated by both standardized conceptual tests and student questionnaire surveys. The results indicated a dilemma the researcher had encountered at an early stage in the teaching innovation, in contrast to the more rewarding outcomes in the longer term. This study indicated the promising yet sophisticated nature of this innovative constructivist teaching. The success of the teaching innovation may not be obtained easily, as criticisms and drawbacks are likely to arise before acceptance is achieved. Conscientious and persistent modifications, based on feedback from the classroom implementation and on understanding of learning theories, are required to achieve success from the teaching innovation.

Chang, Wheijen

2005-04-01

67

Consonance and Dissonance in Descriptions of Teaching of University Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies on teachers' approaches to teaching have identified two qualitatively different categories of approaches. The learning-focused approach is about teaching as facilitating students' learning and learning as knowledge construction, while the content-focused approach concerns teaching as transmission of knowledge and learning as absorbing the…

Postareff, Liisa; Katajavuori, Nina; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari; Trigwell, Keith

2008-01-01

68

University Professors and Teaching Ethics: Conceptualizations and Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the spectacular ethical breaches in corporate America emerged, business school professors were singled out as having been negligent in teaching ethical standards. This exploratory study asked business school faculty about teaching ethics, including conceptualizations of ethics in a teaching context and opinions of the extent to which…

Dean, Kathy Lund; Beggs, Jeri Mullins

2006-01-01

69

Potential impact of high speed networking on teaching and learning in universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1992 a report was commissioned by the UK Universities and Research Councils Joint Network Team on the potential impact of the high speed SuperJANET network on the teaching and learning practices in universities. The report used structured interviews with staff at the universities of Cambridge and Kent to predict and identify any inhibitors and actions necessary to ensure effective

J. Aston; J. B. Slater

1995-01-01

70

Teaching medical information retrieval and application courses in Chinese universities: a case study.  

PubMed

An important aspect of Chinese academic health science libraries is their involvement in teaching medical information retrieval courses as part of the medical curriculum. Health science librarians in China have a more formal teaching role than is generally found in Western countries, including many full-time teaching positions. This article provides a case study of Kunming Medical University Library, where courses are provided as credit units at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The teaching practices of Chinese health science libraries are compared with teaching experiences reported in Western countries. It is noted that Chinese government's educational policy is similar to that of the United States in promoting the role of the library in teaching subjects as part of the medical curriculum. In China, this has lead to the development of teaching departments within health science libraries and the appointment of full and part-time teacher librarians. PMID:21050374

Clark, Adam W; Li, Hong-Mei

2010-08-18

71

Academic Sojourners, Teaching and Internationalisation: The Experience of Non-UK Staff in a British University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceptualisations of internationalisation remain limited as long as the implications for pedagogy of an increasingly international teaching staff remain unexamined. Non-UK staff securing posts that involve teaching at British universities face substantial practical, cultural and linguistic challenges that impact on and, in some cases, inhibit,…

Luxon, Tony; Peelo, Moira

2009-01-01

72

Perceptions versus Preferences: Adult International Students' Teaching-Learning Experiences in an American University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International students' perceptions of and preferences for the teaching-learning process in a U.S. university was assessed. Nine participants representing three regions of the world (Asia, Africa, and Latin America) were interviewed individually and asked to reflect on their teaching-learning experiences in Ph.D. courses. They were also asked to…

Pinheiro, Sandro O.

73

Academic pedagogies, quality logics and performative universities: evaluating teaching and what students want  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universities have focused on teaching and learning at a time when quality has become the marker of distinction in international higher education markets. Education markets have meant pedagogical relations have become contractualised with a focus on student satisfaction, exemplified in consumer?oriented generic evaluations of teaching. This article argues, by analysing one example, that generic evaluations are more about accountability and

Jill Blackmore

2009-01-01

74

Good morning Cedar Rapids. Do you have audio? Reflections on teaching a university distance education course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance learning provides an alternative pedagogical environment for disseminating university coursework to nontraditional students working in industry. As the instructor of a distance education course, the author has faced many challenges, disasters and triumphs. He finds distance instruction to be an extremely enriching teaching experience. He believes it has positively changed his teaching style. He also firmly believes that as

R. D. Meier

1997-01-01

75

Who Chooses Teaching and Why? Profiling Characteristics and Motivations Across Three Australian Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this large?scale Australian study, we profile the background characteristics and teaching motivations for individuals entering teacher education across three major established urban teacher provider universities in the Australian States of New South Wales and Victoria. Our recently developed and validated “FIT?Choice” (Factors Influencing Teaching Choice) Scale determines the strength of influence for a range of motivations from individuals choosing

Paul W. Richardson; Helen M. G. Watt

2006-01-01

76

An Entrepreneurial-Directed Approach to Teaching Corporate Entrepreneurship at University Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The aim of this article is to explore the entrepreneurial-directed approach to teaching within one university-level course in corporate entrepreneurship (CE) for Master's-level students, and to gain a deeper understanding of the viability of the pedagogical methods used in teaching CE. The paper seeks to describe and examine the approach…

Heinonen, Jarna

2007-01-01

77

Teaching Painting and Drawing at Florida State University: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this case study is to examine the nature of the teaching in the painting and drawing program at Florida State University. Aspects to be considered in this case study will include the philosophy of the program as represented in its written materials, the program’s stated and practical educational goals, and the program’s teaching strategies and envisioned outcomes

Liu Nan

2008-01-01

78

Reorienting the Teaching Universe: The Experience of Five First-Year English Teachers in Hong Kong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the experiences of five Cantonese-dominant secondary English teachers in Hong Kong during their first year of teaching after graduation from a BA course in Teaching-English-as-a-Second-Language (TESL). The report investigates the extent to which the teachers implemented the principles they were exposed to in their university education.…

Pennington, Martha C.; Richards, Jack C.

1997-01-01

79

Developing a Teaching Assistant Preparation Program in the School of Oceanography, University of Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the development of a program preparing graduate students to teach in the School of Oceanography, University of Washington, in response to repeated graduate student complaints about the lack of a program. Describes the program which is based on surveys of groups affected by the program and research on teaching assistant preparation,…

McManus, Dean A.

2002-01-01

80

Perceptions versus Preferences: Adult International Students' Teaching-Learning Experiences in an American University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students' perceptions of and preferences for the teaching-learning process in a U.S. university was assessed. Nine participants representing three regions of the world (Asia, Africa, and Latin America) were interviewed individually and asked to reflect on their teaching-learning experiences in Ph.D. courses. They were also asked to…

Pinheiro, Sandro O.

81

The Quality of University Teaching: Faculty Performance and Accountability. A Literature Review. Professional File, Spring 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because stakeholders within and outside of the university community appear to agree that issues related to teaching, especially the relationship between research and teaching, are worthy of serious debate, this bibliographic paper is a beginning to a major policy study of performance evaluation and pedagogical accountability in Canadian…

Harrison, Jane E.

82

How to Strengthen the Connection between Research and Teaching in Undergraduate University Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores how to strengthen the research-teaching nexus in university education, in particular, how to improve the relation between policy and practice. The focus is on courses and curricula for undergraduate students. From a review of policy documents and research literature, it appeared that the research-teaching nexus can be shaped…

Elsen, Mariken (G.MF.); Visser-Wijnveen, Gerda J.; Van Der Rijst, Roeland M.; Van Driel, Jan H.

2009-01-01

83

The Challenge of Developing Innovative Teaching Methods in a Russian University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program at Tomsk State University in Russia to incorporate more active, student-driven teaching methods. Discusses the difficulties and successes experienced by both teachers and students with the new mode of instruction. (EV)

Kirpotin, Sergei N.

1999-01-01

84

The Effects of Instructional Training on University Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addressed the need for empirical tests of the global instructional design (ID) model as a toolkit for classroom teachers in authentic settings; and the performance improvement challenge of finding effective, efficient methods of professional development for preparing graduate assistants to teach. Participants were eighteen teaching

Hardre, Patricia L.

2003-01-01

85

Teaching Environmental Entrepreneurship at an Urban University: Greenproofing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors provide a case study of their own experience teaching Environmental Entrepreneurship. For the past six years, they have been teaching about sustainability through social entrepreneurship in an interdisciplinary partnership with faculty in management, engineering, and earth science. The authors have developed a course in Environmental…

Foster, Kevin; Jelen, Jonathan; Scott, Anasa

2010-01-01

86

Personality Effects on Teaching Anxiety and Teaching Strategies in University Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching anxiety is prevalent among professors. However, there is little research examining the relationship between personality and teaching anxiety in this population. The current study examines how different types of in-class behaviour are related to teaching anxiety and personality. Higher neuroticism and lower extraversion are related to…

Houlihan, Michael; Fraser, Ian; Fenwick, Kimberley D.; Fish, Tom; Moeller, Christin

2009-01-01

87

Postgraduate Fellows as Teaching Assistants in Human Anatomy: An Experimental Teaching Model at a Chinese Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Postgraduate fellowship training programs are expanding at Chinese universities. This growing cadre of advanced trainees calls for the development of new learning and training models wherein postgraduate fellows have an ample opportunity to teach more junior learners, thereby expanding their own knowledge base and competitiveness for future…

Cheng, Xiao; Wang, Lin; Guo, Kaihua; Liu, Shu; Li, Feng; Chu, Guoliang; Zhou, Li-Hua

2011-01-01

88

Northwestern University Initiative for Teaching NanoSciences (NUITNS): An Approach for Teaching Computational Chemistry to Engineering Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Northwestern University Initiative for Teaching Nanosciences (NUITNS) at nanohub.org Web site combines several tools for doing electronic structure calculations and analyzing and displaying the results into a coordinated package. In this article, we describe this package and show how it can be used as part of an upper-level quantum chemistry…

Simeon, Tomekia; Aikens, Christine M.; Tejerina, Baudilio; Schatz, George C.

2011-01-01

89

Romanian University Physics Teaching and Research (1860-1940).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the evolution of physics teaching and research in Bucharest and Jassy, the two most important Romanian intellectual centers. Reports on three stages of historical development and selected biographies of Romanian scientists are included. (DDR)

Constantinescu, Bogdan; Bugoi, Roxana

1998-01-01

90

Teaching the Universe of Discourse in Intermediate French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses James Moffett's pedagogical theory of discourse in relation to teaching college French courses at the intermediate level, using drama as basis of language program with activities involving authentic discourse. (Author/BK)|

Bollinger, Mary Cleveland

1982-01-01

91

Creating a "Third Space" in Student Teaching: Implications for the University Supervisor's Status as Outsider  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The work of teacher education during student teaching typically takes place in two distinct "spaces": placement sites and college/university settings. The program featured in this article is structured in ways that clearly mark out those two spaces. Yet this configuration led our university supervisors, whose work primarily took place in the…

Cuenca, Alexander; Schmeichel, Mardi; Butler, Brandon M.; Dinkelman, Todd; Nichols, Joseph R., Jr.

2011-01-01

92

Improving University Teaching. Proceedings. International Conference (12th, Heidelberg, Germany, July 15-18, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proceedings of the twelfth international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Theme presentations and authors include: "Distance Education: The Promise and the Confusion!" (Allan F. Hershfield); "Distance Education: The 'New Frontier' of Learning?" (Kevin C. Smith); "Teacher Training: A Challenge to the University View of…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

93

Facilitating Self-Regulated Learning: An Exploratory Case of Teaching a University Course on Japanese Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores practical strategies that can be used by university teachers to facilitate student-centered, self-regulated learning. My primary objective as a university teacher is to be directly involved in my students' efforts by connecting my teaching expertise with their self-regulated learning process. I have developed a strategic…

Ogawa, Akihiro

2011-01-01

94

University--Government--International Donor Community Cooperation in Research, Teaching and Community Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|World geo-economics of the last two decades have seriously impacted on governments' capability to finance university teaching, research and community engagement, especially in the developing world. Over the same period however, the demands and expectations exerted on universities by government and society have increased phenomenally. To meet…

Mwaniki, M.

2010-01-01

95

Making A Difference In Teaching And Learning At University Level With ISO 9001  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the development of a quality management system for the teaching and learning processes and related support processes of a large Australian university. The system has been certified to ISO 9001 and represents an innovative application of the ISO standards for university-wide processes in higher education. Common criticisms of ISO systems, such as the quality system being

Lindsay H Heywood; Vera Joosten; Susan Scarlett

96

A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

2009-01-01

97

The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

2009-01-01

98

Decolonizing Teaching: A Cross-Curricular and Collaborative Model for Teaching about Race in the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching about race in college settings began in the 1960s and 1970s when Ethnic Studies and other race-specific programs emerged as a response to the absence of histories and perspectives of people of color in academia. However, there have been challenges to this inclusion of discussions of race in the curriculum. For example, the teaching about…

St. Clair, Darlene; Kishimoto, Kyoko

2010-01-01

99

An American University in China: Teaching through the Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|China Incarnate Word (CIW) is a joint venture of University of the Incarnate Word (San Antonio, Texas), and South China Normal University (Guangzhou, China). Courses are taught in English by U.S. professors, and a University of the Incarnate Word degree is earned. Two of the main goals of China Incarnate Word are: (1) to create an environment in…

Watkins, Patricia

100

University teaching and social cohesion in the age of AIDS: A South African case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of ongoing social divisions, lack of coherent leadership by government, and even divisiveness over medical\\u000a advances and public health mandates, how might universities respond? What university actions can support social cohesion in a society splintered by class, race, gender, colonial legacies, the history of apartheid, and HIV\\/AIDS? More specifically,\\u000a what approaches to university teaching of HIV\\/AIDS might

Nancy Lesko; UNESCO IBE

2007-01-01

101

Foreign Teaching Assistants in U.S. Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The communication difficulties of foreign teaching assistants (TA) in U.S. colleges are addressed in 11 articles, with attention to the problems of the TA system as a whole in the spirit of international educational exchange. Titles and authors include the following: "'The Foreign TA Problem'" (Kathleen M. Bailey); 'Toward an Anthropology of the…

Bailey, Kathleen M., Ed.; And Others

102

Using undergraduates as teaching assistants at a state university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a program that uses undergraduates as teaching assistants to staff large computer science classes, particularly at the introductory level. Creating such a program at a state school presented special challenges, but the program has become a mainstay for the department's undergraduate program. The program has been so successful that we have expanded it to cover some sophomore

Stuart Reges

2003-01-01

103

Bard South: Teaching Writing at Historically Black Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of essays is introduced by Paul Connelly, who focuses on how the essayists encounter problems boldly and recognize opportunity in them--the essays are less local reports of various successful process approaches to teaching writing than a record of the willingness to experiment, to take risks, to learn. The essays and their authors…

Lanoue, David G., Ed.; Wilson, Vivian A., Ed.

104

Shippensburg University/Polyclinic Medical Center "Teach the Teacher" Seminars.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Director of Education at Polyclinic Hospital (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) conducted two assessments which addressed competencies needed by clinical instructors in health occupations. Several areas of need emerged which clustered around teaching strategies, questioning and problem solving, learning styles, evaluation, decision-making, and…

Hockersmith, Peggy; And Others

105

Teaching about America's Fiscal Future in the University's Core Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Civic engagement is increasingly recognized as a significant function of public universities. The university provides a variety of opportunities for civic engagement, including co-curricular activities, service learning opportunities, and specific majors and minors. This article reviews the attempt to embed civic engagement and civic education…

Galatas, Steven; Pressley, Cindy

2010-01-01

106

Teaching universal design: an empirical research in interior architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design studios are the essential part of the architectural education. Therefore, it is important to introduce big ideas and focus on complex concepts, such as universal design, within the challenge of design studios. This study is designed to provide a basis for further investigation on the possible adaptation of universal design philosophy in the Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental

Yasemin Afacan

2011-01-01

107

[The University of Modena during Bernardino Ramazzini's teaching].  

PubMed

In 1682 Bernardino Ramazzini opened the first academic year of the renewed University of Modena. In his oration he outlined the origins of the ancient university and celebrated the great Modenese scholars of the past. The University of Modena was founded in 1175 and began to decline starting from the XIV century. In 1682, during Francesco II of Este's reign, the municipality of Modena and private legacies financed its re-establishment. Ramazzini taught medical subjects until 1700. During his tenure he frequented university colleagues, including physicist Michelangelo Fardella and physician Francesco Torti, and met the great philosopher G.W. Leibniz. His university experience was closely connected with his first scientific researches, especially the one that lead to The Workers' Diseases (Modena 1700). PMID:22214102

Tavilla, Elio

2011-01-01

108

Student evaluations of university teaching: A cross-cultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The applicability paradigm developed by Marsh (1981) was used to investigate the validity of a U.S.-developed model of teaching\\u000a effectiveness and two related questionnaires at campuses in six different countries representing very different cultural,\\u000a economic, and philosophical traditions. The data supported the reliability, appropriateness, and to some extent the convergent\\u000a and discriminant validity of the instruments. Similar patterns of item

David Watkins

1994-01-01

109

Beauty and the beast: New approaches to teaching computing for humanities students at the University of Aberdeen  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the history and development of a new undergraduate course teaching computing for humanities students at the University of Aberdeen, and assesses some new teaching approaches developed in the course. It is noted that teaching computing to humanities students appears to be viewed with suspicion by some Computer Science and Humanities Departments. The two camps seem to

Simon Holland; Gordon Burgess

1992-01-01

110

Distance Teaching of Environmental Engineering Courses at the Open University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two integrated distance learning environmental engineering degree courses offered by the environmental engineering group of the Open University in Great Britain. Discusses admission requirements for courses, advantages offered by distance learning, professional accreditation, site visits, and tutors. (AIM)

Porteous, Andrew; Nesaratnam, Suresh T.; Anderson, Judith

1997-01-01

111

Teaching and Communicating Astronomy at Rey Juan Carlos University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present our activities of popularization of Astronomy at Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid, especially our 30-h workshop for people older than 55 (University for the Elderly) held since the academic year 2002/2003. Our course aims to introduce the basic topics on Astronomy to a group of motivated students who, in most cases, were not able to complete their education in their youth due to the historical environment of Spain in the middle of the twentieth century.

Hernán-Obispo, M.; Serrano, A.; Aguirre, J.; San Martín, P.

112

Seasonal Dynamics in the Physiochemical Parameters of Hospital Effluent from a University Teaching Hospital based in Southern Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment and disposal of hospital effluent is a major challenge in most developing nations, including Nigeria. This study was aimed at investigating the physio chemical properties of hospital waste water from a University Teaching Hospital based in Southern Nigeria. Six sampling points were identified within and outside the premises of the university teaching hospital.The results showed that the values

I. N Ibeh; M. I Omoruyi

2011-01-01

113

The teval experience, 1983–88: The impact of a student evaluation of teaching scheme on university teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a study of 306 faculty members' experiences with teval, the student evaluation of teaching scheme run by the Tertiary Education Institute at the University of Queensland, after six years of operation of this scheme which is unique in Australian universities and which has been successfully marketed. Feedback on teaching effectiveness was the main purpose

E. Paul Baxter

1991-01-01

114

A Comparison of Teaching Management Information Systems in Two State-Funded Universities: Anhui, China and Towson, Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated the differences in teaching management information systems to business, accounting, and economics students at Towson University in Maryland and economics and accounting students at Anhui University in China; also sought a teaching paradigm for visiting college-level teachers in China. Found differences in student behavior regarding…

Rosecky, Richard B.; Li, Yongfang

2001-01-01

115

A university?wide vision of teaching and learning with information technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines McGill University’s responses to the challenges of teaching and learning with information systems and technologies; it also gives a description of the underlying philosophy that is guiding these actions. The context at McGill is briefly outlined, with a discussion of the importance of planning and the relevance of these issues for a campus?based institution. A five?pronged approach

Anthony C. Masi; Laura R. Winer

2005-01-01

116

Preparing Doctoral Students for Teaching Careers in Urban Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes a 3.5-year program to prepare graduate students at the City University of New York (CUNY) for the professorate. A total of 90 Ph.D. students from 31 disciplines participated in a semester-long comprehensive seminar with readings and other assignments, followed in the next semester by monthly meetings and a part-time teaching

Heller, Barbara R.; Smirnova, Natalia V.

117

Rethinking the Christian Studies Classroom: Reflections on the Dynamics of Teaching Religion in Southern Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An extended set of conversations conducted by three religious studies faculty teaching at large public universities in the Southern United States spurred these reflections on how their institutional locations inflected issues such as the cultural expectations students bring to the classroom, how these expectations interact with the evolving…

Gravett, Sandie; Hulsether, Mark; Medine, Carolyn

2011-01-01

118

Quality of Learning Facilities and Learning Environment: Challenges for Teaching and Learning in Kenya's Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this article is to report findings on the perceptions of quality of educational facilities in Kenyan public universities, and the implications for teaching/learning, and the learning environment. Design/methodology/approach: The study adopted an exploratory descriptive design. A total of 332 and 107 undergraduate students…

Ndirangu, Mwangi; Udoto, Maurice O.

2011-01-01

119

Questionnaire survey of working relationships between nurses and doctors in University Teaching Hospitals in Southern Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Smooth working relationships between nurses and doctors are necessary for efficient health care delivery. However, previous studies have shown that this is often absent with negative impact on the quality of health care delivery. In 2002, we studied factors that affect nurse-doctor working relationships in University Teaching Hospitals (UTH) in Southern Nigeria in order to characterize it and identify

Roseline I Ogbimi; Clement A Adebamowo

2006-01-01

120

Embedding Blended Learning in a University's Teaching Culture: Experiences and Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Blended learning, the combination of traditional face-to-face teaching methods with authentic online learning activities, has the potential to transform student-learning experiences and outcomes. In spite of this advantage, university teachers often find it difficult to adopt new online techniques, in part because institutional practices are…

Davis, Hugh C.; Fill, Karen

2007-01-01

121

The Impacts of New Governance on Teaching at German Universities. Findings from a National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we will present findings from a national survey questioning the actual impact of the new governance structures at German universities on academic teaching. To begin with, we give a theoretical underpinning to the economization of higher education institutions (HEIs) according to Principal-Agent Theory. This allows for the…

Wilkesmann, Uwe; Schmid, Christian J.

2012-01-01

122

Web-Based Teaching: The Beginning of the End for Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a World Wide Web-based, generic, inter-disciplinary subject called computer-aided policymaking. It has been offered at Melbourne University (Australia) from the beginning of 2001. It has generated some salutary lessons in marketing and pedagogy, but overall it is concluded that Web-based teaching has a rosy future.…

Wyatt, Ray

123

Stability and Correlates of Student Evaluations of Teaching at a Chinese University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the stability and validity of a student evaluations of teaching (SET) instrument used by the administration at a university in the PR China. The SET scores for two semesters of courses taught by 435 teachers were collected. Total 388 teachers (170 males and 218 females) were also invited to fill out the 60-item NEO Five-Factor…

Chen, Guo-Hai; Watkins, David

2010-01-01

124

Internet-assisted technologies for English language teaching in Turkish universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about\\/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL instructors' perceptions and perspectives on the use of the Internet for pedagogical purposes. A

Serkan Celik

2012-01-01

125

The Impact of ICT on Work-Life Experiences among University Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Email is now commonplace in the university environment, but little research has addressed the impact of this technology on the work-life experiences of Teaching Assistants (TAs). These workers are of interest as they are typically responsible for most day-to-day, routine interaction with undergraduates, for ensuring students understand lectures…

Osterlund, Katherine; Robson, Karen

2009-01-01

126

Humanities Teaching and Research at the University of California, San Francisco.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Among the humanities offerings integrated into the health sciences at the University of California, San Francisco, are the following: bioethics workshop, ethical dilemmas in medical practice, health and human rights, and history of the health sciences. Such courses help illuminate the relationship between humanities teaching and the health…

Jameton, Andrew; Todes, Dan

1982-01-01

127

Reforming the University Sector: Effects on Teaching Efficiency--Evidence from Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we analyse the effects of teaching reforms in Italy. These were introduced in 1999, and changed the entire organization of university courses, where the Bachelor-Master (BA-MA) structure was adopted. The first step is to define the production process of higher education (HE). This process consists of several inputs (professors,…

Agasisti, Tommaso; Dal Bianco, Antonio

2009-01-01

128

Teaching and Learning Participation in the College of Agriculture at Razi University, Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The system of education in agriculture in Iran has not been effective enough in its provision of human resources to facilitate substantial changes in rural areas over the last few decades. This paper explores the challenges to the staff in the College of Agriculture at Razi University in introducing an alternative educational programme. Methods of teaching and learning participation, which

Shokrollah Hamdhaidari; Hossein Agahi

2007-01-01

129

Integrating information technology into university teaching: identifying the needs and providing the support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the integration of information technology (IT) into Higher Education teaching in the UK. Looks at the current status of IT in universities and states that IT is only valuable if it is used in educationally sound ways. Highlights the barriers to the integration of IT and ways in which it could be more effectively adopted. States that the majority

Sue Johnston; Coralie McCormack

1996-01-01

130

Sport education model in university basketball option class teaching experimental study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sport education model in the Western country is a kind of quite mature educational model, its core goal and our country present sports and the healthy curriculum goal have big interlinked. At present only then just started in our coun­ try's research, is extremely deficient in the university public sports teaching's applied research. Myself acted according to my school

Mao Haobo

2011-01-01

131

A "Prepaid Package" for Obstetrics: Effect on Teaching and Patient Care in a University Hospital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changing social milieu has removed the charity patient but not the need for a teaching population. The University Hospital's program is described, in which patients prepaid a fixed, single fee for all obstetrics-related care through the third post partum day. (LBH)

Young, Philip E.

1976-01-01

132

Using Student Evaluations at a Cambodian University to Improve Teaching Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the first study done in Cambodia wherein students used the Student Evaluations of Educational Quality (SEEQ) evaluation tool to evaluate the teaching quality of their instructors. Respondents were instructors and students from the English Language Support Unit at the Royal University of Phnom Penh. This study generated data from mid- and…

Nash, John Lysne

2012-01-01

133

Developing Understanding about Learning to Teach in a University-Schools Partnership in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to provide some clarity about how learning to teach is understood by university teacher educators, mentors and students. Initial teacher education (ITE) in England is subject to central government legislation but without prescription for local implementation. Semi-structured interview data was collected from key partners in a…

Taylor, Alexis

2008-01-01

134

Physiology Teaching and Learning Experience in a New Modular Curriculum at the National University of Rwanda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present article, I report on my experience in teaching and learning physiology in the first year of a new modular curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine of the National University of Rwanda. With self-reported questionnaires, I collected learning experience perceptions from 112 students who attended the module of physiology in 2008. The…

Gahutu, Jean Bosco

2010-01-01

135

Physiology Teaching and Learning Experience in a New Modular Curriculum at the National University of Rwanda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the present article, I report on my experience in teaching and learning physiology in the first year of a new modular curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine of the National University of Rwanda. With self-reported questionnaires, I collected learning experience perceptions from 112 students who attended the module of physiology in 2008. The…

Gahutu, Jean Bosco

2010-01-01

136

Rethinking the Christian Studies Classroom: Reflections on the Dynamics of Teaching Religion in Southern Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An extended set of conversations conducted by three religious studies faculty teaching at large public universities in the Southern United States spurred these reflections on how their institutional locations inflected issues such as the cultural expectations students bring to the classroom, how these expectations interact with the evolving…

Gravett, Sandie; Hulsether, Mark; Medine, Carolyn

2011-01-01

137

Socialization of graduate teaching assistants: a case study in an American university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although graduate teaching assistants [GTAS] play an important role on most American university campuses, and despite the fact that the GTA experience is often the only formal professional training that faculty receive, little is known about how GTAS are prepared for their role. One of the most enigmatic processes related to GTA role development is that of socialization. This paper

Ann L. Darling; Ann Q. Staton

1989-01-01

138

Enhancing the Teaching and Learning Process of Undergraduate Education at Large Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified courses associated with improvements in the writing skills of 455 first semester, freshman undergraduates at a large research university. Secondarily, faculty who taught these courses were interviewed to explore their teaching practices, course designs, and evaluation techniques. The same group of students was invited back…

Jones, Elizabeth A.; Nugent, Michael

139

Fishing for Ideas: Teaching and Learning in a University Ichthyology Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

To teach students effectively about fishes, it is important to understand what perceptions they bring to a course and the degree to which these may be resistant to modification. We surveyed junior\\/senior-level students before and after completing a university ichthyology course to assess how students perceived fish relatedness prior to and following training in phylogenetics. We found that students generally

Todd R. Gemeinhardt; Douglas B. Noltie; Justin M. Nolan; Michael C. Robbins

2001-01-01

140

Teaching Aging Content to University-Level Non-Gerontology Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The older adult population in America will significantly increase in the future. Older adults have important needs for recreation and leisure services (Beland, 2002). The author taught a class titled "Leisure Services for Older Adults" for over 24 years at the University of Florida. He has taught gerontology and recreation by teaching about life…

Beland, Robert

2004-01-01

141

Quality of Teaching and Learning in Resource Quandary: The Case of a University in Zimbabwe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zimbabwe faced severe economic challenges that impacted on resource accumulation leading to a decline of quality of teaching and learning in a selected university in Zimbabwe yet the Resource Dependence Theory advocates that organizations are dependent on the environment for resources for survival and achievement of their set objectives. The study…

Chidindi, Joseph

2012-01-01

142

University Teacher Competencies in a Virtual Teaching/Learning Environment: Analysis of a Teacher Training Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to shed light on the competencies a university teacher must have in order to teach in virtual learning environments. A teacher training experience was designed by taking into account the methodological criteria established in line with previous theoretical principles. The main objective of our analysis was to identify the…

Guasch, Teresa; Alvarez, Ibis; Espasa, Anna

2010-01-01

143

Improving University Teaching. Proceedings. International Conference (11th, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 2-5, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of the eleventh international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Theme presentations and authors include: "Quality Control in Higher Education: Current Issues in Britain" (Gerald T. Fowler); "Quality Control in Higher Education: A Comparison of Current Issues in Three Countries--The Case of Sweden" (Lennart…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

144

Why University Lecturers Enhance Their Teaching through the Use of Technology: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this systematic review is to add to current understanding of technology-enhanced teaching through a process of synthesis and analysis of a collection of contemporary case studies set within university contexts. The justification to review case studies comes from Pinch and Bijker's concept of the "social construction of technology"…

Jump, Lynne

2011-01-01

145

Improving University Teaching. Proceedings. International Conference (10th, College Park, Maryland, July 4-7, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proceedings of the tenth international conference on improving university teaching are presented, along with summaries and abstracts of supplemental papers. Theme presentations and authors include: "Maintaining and Enhancing Faculty Motivation and Morale in an Era of Decline" (Martin L. Maehr); "Adapting to the Growing Presence of Adults in…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

146

Pedagogical Issues in Teaching Upper-Level Science Courses at a "Community University"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors teach upper-level science courses in cell biology, genetics, and biochemistry at a public, four-year "community university" that serves a demographically diverse population of traditional and nontraditional students. In this article, they describe some of the issues they have found to be particularly significant at their "community…

Deutch, Charles E.; Jurutka, Peter W.; Marshall, Pamela A.

2008-01-01

147

TEACHING AGING CONTENT TO UNIVERSITY-LEVEL NON-GERONTOLOGY MAJORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The older adult population in America will significantly increase in the future. Older adults have important needs for recreation and leisure services (Beland, 2002). The author taught a class titled “Leisure Services for Older Adults” for over 24 years at the University of Florida. He has taught gerontology and recreation by teaching about life and living. The topics in this

Robert Beland

2004-01-01

148

University Researchers' Inchoate Critiques of Science Teaching: Implications for the Content of Preservice Science Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses results obtained through interviews with university science teachers with regard to their philosophies and practices in college science classrooms. Data revealed that teachers are not satisfied with all aspects of their teaching; however, they are not sure how to make changes that would maximize student learning. (ZWH)

Trumbull, Deborah J.; Kerr, Patricia

1993-01-01

149

University Students' and Teachers' Conceptions of Teaching and Learning in the Biosciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study we compare university teachers' and first-year students' conceptions of teaching and learning at the Faculty of Environmental and Biological Sciences. The conceptions were analysed using data from open-ended questionnaires. The results showed that at the beginning of studies the gap between teachers' and students' conceptions of…

Virtanen, Viivi; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari

2010-01-01

150

Teaching Aging Content to University-Level Non-Gerontology Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The older adult population in America will significantly increase in the future. Older adults have important needs for recreation and leisure services (Beland, 2002). The author taught a class titled "Leisure Services for Older Adults" for over 24 years at the University of Florida. He has taught gerontology and recreation by teaching about life…

Beland, Robert

2004-01-01

151

Teaching Thinking and Problem Solving at University: A Course on TRIZ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thinking and problem solving skills are considered to be of significant importance in many professions. Surveys indicate that university education fails in appropriately enhancing these skills. This paper presents a concept of teaching thinking and problem solving as a separate course, based on the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ). Student surveys showed that students' perception of their abilities in

Iouri Belski

2009-01-01

152

The Impact of Using Music on Teaching English Poetry in Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of using music on teaching English Poetry in Jordanian universities on students' performance. The researchers followed the equivalent pre/post T test two group designs. To achieve the aim of the study, a pre/post-test was constructed to measure students' performance in English poetry. The…

Hijazi, Dima; Al-natour, Amal

2012-01-01

153

Teaching and Research with Accelerators at Tarleton State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tarleton State University students began performing both research and laboratory experiments using accelerators in 1998 through visitation programs at the University of North Texas, US Army Research Laboratory, and the Naval Surface Warfare Center at Carderock. In 2003, Tarleton outfitted its new science building with a 1 MV pelletron that was donated by the California Institution of Technology. The accelerator has been upgraded and supports a wide range of classes for both the Physics program and the ABET accredited Engineering Physics program as well as supplying undergraduate research opportunities on campus. A discussion of various laboratory activities and research projects performed by Tarleton students will be presented.

Marble, Daniel K.

2009-03-01

154

Teaching Citizenship in Science Classes at the University of Arizona  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science classes for non-science majors present unique opportunities to create lifelong science aficionados and teach citizenship skills. Because no specific content is needed for future courses, subject matter can be selected to maximize interest and assignments can be focused on life skills such as science literacy instead of discipline-specific content mastery. Dinosaurs! is a very successful non-major science class with a minimum enrollment of 150 that is intended for sophomores. One of the goals of this class is to increase students' awareness of social issues, the political process, and opportunities for keeping up with science later in life. The main theme of this class is evolution. The bird-dinosaur link is the perfect vehicle for illustrating the process of science because the lines of evidence are many, convincing, and based on discoveries made throughout the last half-century and continuing to the present day. The course is also about evolution the social issue. The second writing assignment is an in-class affective writing based on a newspaper article about the Dover, PA court case. The primary purpose of this assignment is to create a comfort zone for those students with strong ideological biases against evolution by allowing them to express their views without being judged, and to instill tolerance and understanding in students at the other end of the spectrum. Another homework uses thomas.loc.gov, the government's public website providing information about all legislation introduced since the 93rd Congress and much more. The assignment highlights the difficulty of passing legislation and the factors that contribute to a given bill's legislative success or failure using the Paleontological Resources Preservation Act, S320. Details of these assignments and others designed to achieve the goals stated above will be presented. A very different undergraduate program, Marine Discovery, offers science majors the opportunity to earn upper division science credits while teaching young people about marine science and conservation. Classes of elementary and middle school students attend a class field trip to a UA teaching laboratory where they explore a variety of hands-on marine biology centers. Undergraduates facilitate the learning centers and develop new centers for future years of the program. In addition, undergraduates in Marine Discovery do a marine ecology field project during a field trip to the Gulf of California, and present their results as a research poster to their peers. The course is entirely project- based, and helps students to develop informal as well as formal science communication skills. Many outreach programs suffer from loss of funding and lack of sustainability. Marine Discovery's popularity with both UA undergraduates and K-12 teachers has helped sustain it into its sixteenth year.

Thompson, R. M.; Mangin, K.

2008-12-01

155

Teaching Particle Physics in the Open University's Science Foundation Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses four topics presented in the science foundation course of the Open University that exemplify current developments in particle physics, in particular, and that describe important issues about the nature of science, in general. Topics include the omega minus particle, the diversity of quarks, the heavy lepton, and the discovery of the W…

Farmelo, Graham

1992-01-01

156

Confirmatory factor analyses of Chinese students' evaluations of university teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese University of Hong Kong students (N = 844) selected a “good” and a “poor” teacher, and rated each using a Chinese translation of the Students' Evaluations of Educational Quality (SEEQ) instrument. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models, based on a 3 × 2 design, were constructed to test the invariance of the SEEQ factor structure across 3 discipline groups

Herbert W. Marsh; Teresa L. P. Siu

1998-01-01

157

Teaching Physics Novices at University: A Case for Stronger Scaffolding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2006 a new type of tutorial, called Map Meeting, was successfully trialled with novice first year physics students at the University of Sydney, Australia. Subsequently, in first semester 2007 a large-scale experiment was carried out with 262 students who were allocated either to the strongly scaffolding Map Meetings or to the less scaffolding…

Lindstrom, Christine; Sharma, Manjula D.

2011-01-01

158

University Faculty Teaching Activities in an Electronic Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the changes in the instructional activities of university faculty members as a result of new computer-related educational technologies. Topics discussed include computer-assisted instruction; computer-managed instruction; optical discs; microcomputers; lecturing versus computer-based tutorials; videodiscs; computerized evaluative…

Eisner, John; Carter, Thomas

1989-01-01

159

Teaching the Academic Argument in a University EFL Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An educational challenge that many university EFL students face is the production of written academic arguments as part of their required essays. Although the importance of argumentative writing in education is uncontested, and research shows that EFL students find difficulties in producing such texts, it is not adequately dealt with for the L1…

Bacha, Nahla Nola

2010-01-01

160

Introducing Entrepreneurship Teaching at Select German Universities: A Change Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the recent past, universities in the western world have been expected to play a greater role in the national economic welfare of their countries in addition to their traditional role of education and research. In 1997, following the examples of national governments in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom, the German government launched an…

Curri, Gudrun

2008-01-01

161

Teaching of psychology to university students in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology was first introduced into China from the Western world in the beginning of the 20th century. After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, psychology was a subdiscipline under education; only after 1960 did psychology became an independent discipline. With the onset of the “Cultural Revolution” (1966–1976), when all universities were closed, psychology was severely attacked

Houcan Zhang; Yan Xu

2006-01-01

162

Planning and monitoring courses: University teachers reflect on their teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven university lecturers were interviewed about the progress of one of their courses each week during one semester. The interview invited them to reflect on their planning and monitoring concerns as the course proceeded. Interviews were transcribed and content analysed using an emergent category system. Three topics recurred throughout the interviews: communication with students, ongoing course planning activities, and processes

Lee Andresen; Eve Barrett; John Powell; Christine Wieneke

1984-01-01

163

Teaching the Academic Argument in a University EFL Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational challenge that many university EFL students face is the production of written academic arguments as part of their required essays. Although the importance of argumentative writing in education is uncontested, and research shows that EFL students find difficulties in producing such texts, it is not adequately dealt with for the L1…

Bacha, Nahla Nola

2010-01-01

164

Teaching University Discourse: A Theoretical Framework and a Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of the written products and writing situations of a university reveals that virtually all of these writing tasks call for exposition, which further breaks down into the five components of seriation, classification, synthesis, compare/contrast, and analysis. These five components of expositional discourse form a set of…

Rose, Mike

165

Improving University Teaching. Volume I: Abstracts of Contributed Papers, Seminars, Workshops, Index of Presenters. International Conference (12th, Heidelberg, Germany, July 15-18, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Workshop and seminar summaries and abstracts of papers from the twelfth international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Theme presentation and seminar topics are: distance education; ways that associations improve university teaching; corporate, labor, university partnerships; and teaching part-time students. Workshop…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

166

Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

Bhavsar, Victoria; Grabau, Larry

167

Teaching physics novices at university: A case for stronger scaffolding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2006 a new type of tutorial, called Map Meeting, was successfully trialled with novice first year physics students at the University of Sydney, Australia. Subsequently, in first semester 2007 a large-scale experiment was carried out with 262 students who were allocated either to the strongly scaffolding Map Meetings or to the less scaffolding Workshop Tutorials, which have been run at the University of Sydney since 1995. In this paper we describe what makes Map Meetings more scaffolding than Workshop Tutorialsâwhere the level of scaffolding represents the main difference between the two tutorial types. Using a mixed methods approach to triangulate results, we compare the success of the two with respect to both student tutorial preference and examination performance. In summary, Map Meetings had a higher retention rate and received more positive feedback from studentsâstudents liked the strongly scaffolding environment and felt that it better helped them understand physics. A comparison of final examination performances of students who had attended at least 10 out of 12 tutorials revealed that only 11% of Map Meeting students received less than 30 out of 90 marks compared to 21% of Workshop Tutorial students, whereas there were no differences amongst high-achieving students. Map Meetings was therefore particularly successful in helping low-achieving novices learn physics.

Lindstrã¸m, Christine; Sharma, Manjula D.

2012-05-09

168

Teaching physics novices at university: A case for stronger scaffolding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2006 a new type of tutorial, called Map Meeting, was successfully trialled with novice first year physics students at the University of Sydney, Australia. Subsequently, in first semester 2007 a large-scale experiment was carried out with 262 students who were allocated either to the strongly scaffolding Map Meetings or to the less scaffolding Workshop Tutorials, which have been run at the University of Sydney since 1995. In this paper we describe what makes Map Meetings more scaffolding than Workshop Tutorials—where the level of scaffolding represents the main difference between the two tutorial types. Using a mixed methods approach to triangulate results, we compare the success of the two with respect to both student tutorial preference and examination performance. In summary, Map Meetings had a higher retention rate and received more positive feedback from students—students liked the strongly scaffolding environment and felt that it better helped them understand physics. A comparison of final examination performances of students who had attended at least 10 out of 12 tutorials revealed that only 11% of Map Meeting students received less than 30 out of 90 marks compared to 21% of Workshop Tutorial students, whereas there were no differences amongst high-achieving students. Map Meetings was therefore particularly successful in helping low-achieving novices learn physics.

Lindstrøm, Christine; Sharma, Manjula D.

2011-06-01

169

Analysis of the Motivation and Work Climate of University Teaching Staff  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scientific, social, economic and technological progress taking place in present-day advanced societies needs to be closely linked to the work of the university and to effectiveness, productivity and efficiency. Moreover, teaching staff play a predominant role and are the best point of reference for any changes to be introduced in teaching, in the way to manage classes, in the use of tools, changes in methodology or teaching strategies, and also in the ways students learn, etc. The teacher ceases to be a figure who only transmits knowledge and becomes a guide or facilitator of learning. The teacher, therefore, takes on a different commitment with the ways of learning, of approaching students, guiding tutorials, assessing student learning, etc. For these reasons staff motivationisone of the basic concerns. It would be expected that a demotivated staff with few incentives and a low opinion of their worth as teachers would be less committed to their teaching, research and management work, and as a result would achieve less success in their work with students. To put it another way, they would perform worse in all they do. But could it be that their vocation as teachers and the professionalism of university staff are sufficient motivating factors in themselves? The concepts of work climate, motivation and demotivation of teaching staff, feeling uneasy with teaching or academic work, conflicts of communication, a deterioration in relationships with colleagues, etc., are phrases that are heard more and more in the work environment. Most of these phrases would seem to be related to academic performance or the way of becoming involved in the centre's activities or to other variables which until proved are only supposition. It is for these reasons that we have wished to analyse the situation of teaching staff in universities in Madrid. In university organisations the teaching staff is one of the key elements that leads to work being done more or less effectively. Human Resources are beginning to consider the staff as the major asset in Organisations. The issues that can favour or prejudice the levels of motivation are multiple. Therefore, in this study, we have attempted to show what issues have the greatest impact. This research aims to study the level of motivation of teaching staff in the Universities in Madrid and analyse the different factors that affect performance at work in the roles of teacher, researcher and manager. It also aims to discover whether or not motivation influences a teacher's everyday work and which variables affect the university work "climate" and other issues involved. For this study, 7696 questionnaires were sent to teachers at the 13 Universities in the Madrid Region. A total of 886 opinions from 11 Universities were returned. The results are presented in the work.

González-Tirados, R. M.

2012-04-01

170

The teaching of medical ethics: University College, Cork, Ireland.  

PubMed Central

Dolores Dooley Clarke describes how the course in medical ethics at University College, Cork is structured, how it has changed and how it is likely to change as time goes on. Originally, the students seemed to view it as an intrusion 'to be tolerated' in their programme of 'strictly medical' studies. However, having moved on from that and away from the lecturer always being a Roman Catholic priest as well as a member of the Philosophy Department, the students now appear to view it as producing a stimulus for a new interest in the area of ethics for physicians. This seems to have come about through the more extensive participation of students in researching and presenting issues of medical ethics.

Clarke, D D

1978-01-01

171

A Study on the Teaching Materials of Technical Communication Course at Kogakuin University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the contents of the teaching materials of the Technical Communication (TC) course, which has been continued from 1994 at Kogakuin University, and the educational effects obtained by this course are explained. The TC is a method to communicate the technical information in order to understand easily. In this course, we used newspaper articles concerning rule of sports as the teaching materials and explained a cause of the accidents published in the newspaper from viewpoint of the ambiguity of Japanese. As a result, it is recognized that using newspapers as the teaching materials are effective to understand the TC and this course is necessary for students. It is concluded that our trial brought educational effects a great deal.

Murata, Hiroshi; Yae, Hideo

172

Turnover intentions of the faculty at a teaching-focused university.  

PubMed

Research on turnover in academia suggests faculty primarily resign to obtain higher salaries and for personal reasons; however, the samples of most such studies have been from research institutions. Correlates were examined for turnover intentions among 190 faculty members at a university that emphasized teaching. Although current turnover intention was low, seven measures of satisfaction explained 31.5% of the variability in turnover intent, and satisfaction with pay, work itself, and teaching/service load together explained 26% of the variance. Findings support the hypothesis that salary is an important element in explaining turnover consideration at teaching institutions. Although satisfaction with collegial relations was related significantly to turnover intent, it was not as important as some of the other characteristics. PMID:17037448

Heckert, Teresa M; Farabee, Angela M

2006-08-01

173

Medical Ethics Teaching Programs at the University of California, San Francisco, and the University of Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development of medical ethics education at the University of California, San Francisco, is chronicled and its contributions to bioethics literature are noted. Emphasis is placed on the importance of using medical cases in such instruction. The University of Washington's ethics program and its potential for innovation are then described.…

Jonsen, Albert R.

1989-01-01

174

Health as the universal language. International students as teaching resources.  

PubMed

Institutions of higher learning lacking curriculums in international health often fail to offer a course on the subject to their student bodies. In the interest of increasing academic challenge and multicultural understanding, these institutions should call upon their international students to design and provide such a course. In the process, new international students could become better oriented, while health education students planning to be in foreign settings could gain valuable knowledge. The process and exchange could be a valuable learning experience for all. A 1985 workshop at Ohio State University entitled "Health and Wellness in the Nigerian Community" offered a cross-cultural survey of health-related issues. Forty-one Nigerian students in the Nigerian Education Program and four Black American students discusses principles of high-level wellness, focusing upon personal and community health issues in the workshop. Differences and similarities between values and sociocultural settings were explored, with greater cross-cultural understanding emerging as the final result. PMID:3152189

Gayle, J A

175

"Gender-into-Teaching" at the Vienna University of Technology. Experiences and Reflections on an Austrian Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Gender-into-teaching" is the first Austrian project to develop strategies on how to implement gender topics at a technical university. This project can really be qualified as a model for other universities and as unique in Austria. Up to now, there are many more males in higher-level positions in the university hierarchies. The--very…

Knoll, Bente; Ratzer, Brigitte

2009-01-01

176

The Impact of a Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching in Higher Education on University Lecturers Appointed for Their Professional Expertise at a Teaching-Led University: "It's Made Me Braver"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the impact of a Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching in Higher Education (PG Cert.) on new lecturers, appointed for their professional expertise. It focuses on staff perceptions of acculturation into the discourses of university learning and teaching. Drawing on a literature review which reveals (at best) ambivalent evidence…

Butcher, John; Stoncel, Di

2012-01-01

177

The role transition of nurses in a university teaching hospital in Pakistan.  

PubMed

In a private university teaching hospital in Pakistan, a study using grounded theory design was conducted among new nursing graduates to elicit their transitional experiences from a student to a staff nurse role. Four major themes emerged highlighting the core category of "sailing forward": stepping into the new role, initial adjustment, support systems, and resolution phase. A substantive theory on role transition was the outcome. PMID:21788737

Lalani, Nasreen S; Dias, Jacqueline M

178

Extent of breastfeeding among nursing mothers attending Lagos University Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe study investigated the extent of breast feeding among nursing mothers whose infants or children were receiving specialist attention in various child care units of Lagos University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria.Methods100 nursing mothers aged 21 years and above completed a self-administered questionnaire. Their occupations were: Civil servant, Doctor, Pharmacist, Nurse, Lawyer, Private sector employee, Trader and others. Demographic data and

M T Iorngurum; A S Adetiba

2010-01-01

179

Evaluating university teaching and learning in an outcome-based model: replanting Bloom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis was inspired by an experienced teacher’s desire to enhance student learning through implementation of a teaching\\/learning framework focused on promotion of higher order cognition. Two case studies document the construction, implementation and evaluation of learning frameworks for two disparate undergraduate university subjects.\\u000aStructurally, the thesis falls into three component parts. In the first, the researcher has reviewed the

Maureen Mary Morris

2008-01-01

180

The impacts of new governance on teaching at German universities. Findings from a national survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we will present findings from a national survey questioning the actual impact of the new governance structures\\u000a at German universities on academic teaching. To begin with, we give a theoretical underpinning to the economization of higher\\u000a education institutions (HEIs) according to Principal-Agent Theory. This allows for the development of hypotheses about the\\u000a influence of new selective incentives

Uwe WilkesmannChristian; Christian J. Schmid

181

Exercise lowers blood pressure in university professors during subsequent teaching and sleeping hours  

PubMed Central

Background University professors are subjected to psychological stress that contributes to blood pressure (BP) reactivity and development of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on BP in university professors during teaching and sleeping hours. Methods Twelve normotensive professors (42.2 ± 10.8 years, 74.2 ± 11.2 kg, 172.8 ± 10.4 cm, 20.1% ± 6.7% body fat) randomly underwent control (CONT) and exercise (EX30) sessions before initiating their daily activities. EX30 consisted of 30 minutes of cycling at 80%–85% of heart rate reserve. Ambulatory BP was monitored for 24 hours following both sessions. Results BP increased in comparison with pre-session resting values during teaching after CONT (P < 0.05) but not after EX30. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP showed a more pronounced nocturnal dip following EX30 (approximately –14.7, –12.7, and –9.6 mmHg, respectively) when compared with CONT (approximately –6, –5 and –3 mmHg). Conclusion Exercise induced a BP reduction in university professors, with the main effects being observed during subsequent teaching and sleeping hours.

Ribeiro, Fabiana; Campbell, Carmen S Grubert; Mendes, Gisele; Arsa, Gisela; Moreira, Sergio R; da Silva, Francisco M; Prestes, Jonato; da Costa Sotero, Rafael; Simoes, Herbert Gustavo

2011-01-01

182

Transforming Teaching into a Collaborative Culture: An Attempt to Create a Professional Development School-University Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Professional Development School (PDS) serves as a quality-teaching model. It is a vehicle that generates professional understanding through conversations among university professors, teachers, and teacher candidates. The author illustrates a pilot PDS program that exemplifies the many benefits of transforming the teaching model into a successful…

Cozza, Barbara

2010-01-01

183

Student Satisfaction with Undergraduate Teaching in China--A Comparison between Research-Intensive and Other Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the findings of a national survey of student satisfaction with undergraduate teaching in a sample of universities and colleges in China. The results show that while a high proportion of academic staff participates in undergraduate teaching, levels of student satisfaction are low. The lowest levels of student satisfaction are…

Zhang, Hongshia; Foskett, Nick; Wang, Dianmin; Qu, Mingfeng

2011-01-01

184

An Evaluation of Levels of Adaptation Used in the Teaching of Foreign University Degree Programs in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many universities now deliver courses and programs in overseas markets such as China. Often these programs are delivered by foreign academics who teach in these overseas locations. This style and format of educational delivery raises the issue of the degree to which subject material and teaching styles need to be adapted to meet the needs of…

Willis, Mike

2004-01-01

185

Teaching Intelligence Studies at Colleges and Universities. Held in Washington, D.C. on 18 June 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The teaching of intelligence at growing numbers of our colleges and universities--the teaching of its place, structure and practice in our democracy--offers the welcome prospect that growing numbers of young Americans will become attracted to the field. I...

1999-01-01

186

Design, Development and Use of an Ornamental Teaching Garden at the Indian River Research and Education Center, University of Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1997, a new University of Florida (UF) teaching program was established at the Indian River Research and Education Center (IRREC), Fort Pierce, FL, USA. Increased student enrollment and the need for hands-on laboratory activities out- doors inspired the idea of transforming a 0.81 ha piece of fallow land into a teaching garden. The north half of the garden was

Sandra B. Wilson; Laurie A. Krumfolz; Judith Gerson

187

[Female presence in teaching of dentistry and medicine carrers at the National University of Cordoba].  

PubMed

Social stratification based on gender has undoubtedly a powerful bearing on the division of labor in the area of health. The presence of women has reached significant levels in the Teaching Departments at almost every Institution of Higher Education, although it has been observed that the higher the position, the fewer the women occupying such positions. The purpose of this work is to analyze the evolution of admission and leaving of men and women students as well as the distribution of teaching positions according to sex at the School of Dentistry and at Medical School of the National University of Cordoba. In addition, this study aims at visualizing both the feminine role and the existence of posts in the field of education which are traditionally staffed by women, and also the factors contributing to define these positions. An analysis of the female participation in university education shows that in those programs of study where there is a predominance of female students, the proportion of women teachers is lower. It has also been noticed that the proportion of women working as teaching assistants is higher than that of women occupying leading positions in the management of the Schools. By the year 2003, at the University of Cordoba, 43% of the teachers and 58% of the students enrolled were women. At the School of Dentistry there is a higher percentage (10%) of female teachers, while at the School of Medicine the male teaching staff is 19.3% higher. These data allows us to infer that most probably, the differences observed in our analysis are the result of a held belief that considers that Medicine belongs to men's domain and consequently, women medical doctors find it difficult to gain prestige and reach high-level, well paid positions. PMID:17645047

Sánchez Dagum, Mercedes L; Sánchez de Sica, Esther; Hernando, Luis M

2006-01-01

188

Improving University Teaching. Volume II [and] Volume III. Contributed Papers. International Conference (12th, Heidelberg, Germany, July 15-18, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Seventy-four papers from a 1986 international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Topics include: student-teacher relationships, the pulse of the academic professional, improving teaching via techology, campus-corporate linkages, institutional changes and liberal learning, improving university teaching through evaluation,…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

189

Improving University Teaching. Volume II [and] Volume III. Contributed Papers. International Conference (12th, Heidelberg, Germany, July 15-18, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventy-four papers from a 1986 international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Topics include: student-teacher relationships, the pulse of the academic professional, improving teaching via techology, campus-corporate linkages, institutional changes and liberal learning, improving university teaching through evaluation,…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

190

Bowling Green State University: Resources from the Center for Teaching and Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Teaching and Learning at Bowling Green State University was created in 1996 as part of a community building exercise at this prominent institution in Ohio. Visitors to this site will learn that the Center provides a range of services for students and faculty, and that many of these resources can be used by people in institutions across the United States. The Center Resources area contains four sections, including Teaching & Learning Guides, Library Holdings, and Center Archives. Most visitors will want to make a beeline for the Teaching & Learning Guides area. Here they can download and review over twenty guides that deal with topics like concept maps, the ethics of teaching, and formative assessment. Also, this area includes a very helpful section titled Communication in the Classroom. Moving on, the Library Holdings area includes links to books physically held within the Center's collection. The lists here remain useful to educators who might not be physically located at Bowling Green, as they are vetted by staff at the Center. The site is rounded out by the Center Archives which includes past and current newsletters, along with a collection of "web picks".

2012-05-11

191

The Universe Observing Center a modern center to teach and communicate astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Universe Observing Center is one of the parts of the Parc Astronòmic Montsec (PAM). PAM is an initiative of the Catalan government, through the Consorci del Montsec (Montsec Consortium), to take advantage of the capabilities and potential of the Montsec region to develop scientific research, training and outreach activities, particularly in the field of Astronomy. The choice of the Montsec mountains to install the PAM was motivated by the magnificent conditions for observing the sky at night; the sky above Montsec is the best (natural sky free of light pollution) in Catalonia for astronomical observations. The PAM has two main parts: the Observatori Astronòmic del Montsec (OAdM) and the Universe Observing Center (COU). The OAdM is a professional observatory with an 80-cm catadioptric telescope (Joan Oró Telescope). This telescope is a robotic telescope that can be controlled from anywhere in the world via the Internet. The COU is a large multipurpose center which is intended to become an educational benchmark for teaching and communicate astronomy and other sciences in Catalonia. The management of the COU has three main goals: 1) Teach primary and secondary school students in our Educational Training Camp. 2) Teach university students housing the practical astronomy lectures of the universities. 3) Communicate astronomy to the general public. The COU comprises special areas for these purposes: the Telescopes Park with more than 20 telescopes, a coelostat for solar observations and two dome containing full-automated telescopes. The most special equipment is ``The Eye of Montsec'', with its 12m dome containing a multimedia digital planetarium and a platform for direct observation of the sky and the environment. During 2009 we expect around 10000 visitors in Montsec area to enjoy science with Montsec dark skies and an special natural environment.

Ribas, Salvador J.

2011-06-01

192

Teaching animal welfare at the University of Sydney's Faculty of Veterinary Science.  

PubMed

Animal welfare is part of the Mission Statement of the Faculty of Veterinary Science at the University of Sydney and is taught throughout the undergraduate curriculum. Two units of study have a particular focus on animal welfare: Professional Practice in years 1, 2, and 3 and Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare Science in year 3. There is an emphasis on the refinement and development of alternatives to the use of animals in teaching. With a conscientious objection policy in place, these elements of our approach demonstrate the increasing importance of ethical teaching in the faculty. Undergraduate students have recently founded a vibrant special interest group called Veterinary Students for Animal Welfare. The faculty is advised on matters relating to animal welfare by its Animal Welfare Advisory Committee, chaired by the Sub-Dean for Animal Welfare. With the development of a Faculty Animal Welfare Policy, the faculty is progressing to a more proactive and public profile on animal welfare issues. PMID:16421825

McGreevy, Paul D; Dixon, Robert J

2005-01-01

193

Developing and testing a student-focussed teaching evaluation survey for university instructors.  

PubMed

This paper describes a process for developing a student-focussed survey to gather teaching- and learning-related feedback from university students and examines the psychometric properties of a short survey for confidential feedback to lecturers in higher education regarding teaching. Analyses were performed at the level of individual respondents and on teacher-average responses. Principal component and exploratory factor analyses at both levels indicated a single underlying lecturing effectiveness factor. Scale scores had high internal consistency. The items and subsequent scale were also consistent in terms of interrater reliability, i.e., the average consistency of ratings of an individual lecturer. Finally, at both levels of analysis, strong correlations between responses to each item and an overall rating provided support for the concurrent validity of the items. These analyses provide initial evidence of the suitability of the survey for gathering confidential student feedback on lecturing effectiveness. PMID:19708424

Ginns, Paul; Barrie, Simon

2009-06-01

194

Physiology teaching and learning experience in a new modular curriculum at the National University of Rwanda  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the present article, I report on my experience in teaching and learning physiology in the first year of a new modular curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine of the National University of Rwanda. With self-reported questionnaires, I collected learning experience perceptions from 112 students who attended the module of physiology in 2008. The results showed satisfaction with active learning methods but complaints about the limited contact hours allocated to classroom lectures and practical classes. Student-centered learning was handicapped by the limited computer and internet access for students and by the limited number of textbooks in the library. In conclusion, the new teaching and learning style was appreciated by the students, but problems related to limited human and material resources need to be solved.

Jean B. Gahutu (Faculty of Medicine, National University of Rwanda Medical Biology)

2010-03-01

195

Teaching professional development of science and engineering professors at a research-extensive university: Motivations, meaningfulness, obstacles, and effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a national movement to improve undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Given the percentage of academics teaching and training at research institutions, there is a parallel movement to improve the quality of teaching-focused professional development for practicing and future STEM educators at these institutions. While research into the effectiveness of teaching professional development at the postsecondary level has increased over the last 40 years, little attention has been paid to understanding faculty perceptions regarding what constitutes effective teaching professional development. Less is known about how to best meet the needs of STEM faculty at research universities and why, given that they are seldom required to engage in teaching professional development, they bother to participate at all. The higher education research community must develop theory grounded in the knowledge and practical experiences of the faculty engaged in teaching professional development. I have studied what motivates twelve research university science and engineering faculty to engage in teaching professional development in light of local supports and barriers and the resulting value of their participation. I have interpreted the experiences of my research participants to indicate that they were motivated to engage in teaching professional development to fulfill a need to bring their teaching competencies in better concordance with their professional strengths as researchers. Once engaged, my research participants increased their teaching competence and achieved more autonomy with respect to their professional practice. As they continued to engage, they internalized the values and practices associated with effective teaching professional development and adopted the commitment to continually problematize their teaching practice as more of their own. My research participants attempted to transfer their revised stance regarding teaching and teaching professional development to their student mentees and colleagues. They found certain teaching professional development types and topics to be more meaningful and of interest than others. My research findings may inform those committed to the improvement of postsecondary STEM education at research universities, including teaching professional development advocates and implementers and participating faculty members themselves.

Bouwma-Gearhart, Jana

196

Medical and surgical ward rounds in teaching hospitals of Kuwait University: students' perceptions  

PubMed Central

Background Teaching sessions for medical students during ward rounds are an essential component of bedside teaching, providing students with the opportunity to regard patients as actual people, and to observe their physical conditions directly, allowing a better understanding of illnesses to be developed. We aim to explore medical students’ perceptions regarding medical and surgical ward rounds within the Faculty of Medicine at Kuwait University, and to evaluate whether this teaching activity is meeting the expectation of learners. Methods A pretested questionnaire was used to collect data from 141 medical students during the 2012–2013 academic year. They were asked to provide their current and expected ratings about competencies that were supposed to be gained during ward rounds, on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest). Mean scores were calculated, and the Student t-test was used to compare results. P < 0.05 was the cut-off level for significance. Results Only 17 students (12.1%) declined to participate in the study. The students’ current competency scores (for competencies taught within both disciplines – medical and surgical) were significantly lower than the scores indicating students’ expectations (P < 0.001). The best-taught competency was bedside examination, in both medical (mean: 3.45) and surgical (mean: 3.05) ward rounds. However, medical ward rounds were better than surgical rounds in covering some competencies, especially the teaching of professional attitude and approach towards patients (P < 0.001). Conclusion Both medical and surgical ward rounds were deficient in meeting the students’ expectations. Medical educators should utilize the available literature to improve the bedside teaching experience for their students.

AlMutar, Sara; AlTourah, Lulwa; Sadeq, Hussain; Karim, Jumanah; Marwan, Yousef

2013-01-01

197

Teaching and Learning and Technology: Does WebCT Help Universities Meet Organisational and Customer Goals? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores whether WebCT, a virtual learning technology, meets organisational and customer goals at Coventry University Business School (CBS). Lecturer and student perceptions about the benefits of WebCT as a teaching and learning resource are examined as well as the goals of WebCT for the university as an organization. CBS students…

Ellis, L.; Vigar-Ellis, D.

2006-01-01

198

The Agendas of Distance Teaching Universities: Moving from the Margins to the Center Stage of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined from a comparative perspective the extent to which the agendas of distance teaching universities have moved from the margins to the center stage of higher education. Demonstrates that the boundaries between distance and campus universities are blurring and converging, and that future relations between them will be marked by competition…

Guri-Rosenblit, Sarah

1999-01-01

199

The eminent need for an academic program in universities to teach nanomedicine  

PubMed Central

Nanomedicine is on the cutting edge of technology applied to medical and biological sciences. Nanodevices, nanomaterials, nanoinstruments, nanotechnologies, and nanotechniques (laboratory methods and procedures) are important for the modern practice of medicine and essential for research that could stimulate the discovery of new medical advances. Accordingly, there is an eminent need for implementing an academic program in universities to teach this indispensable and pragmatic discipline, especially in the departments of graduate studies and research in the areas of pharmacology, genetic engineering, proteomics, and molecular and cellular biology.

Velez, Juan Manuel; Velez, Juan Jesus

2011-01-01

200

Disparities in the Initial Presentation of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer in a Large Public Hospital and Adjoining University Teaching Hospital  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare disparities associated with insurance and socioeconomic status have been well characterized for several malignancies, such as lung cancer. To assess whether there are healthcare disparities in thyroid cancer, this study evaluated the stage on initial presentation of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in a public versus university teaching hospital. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients with a new diagnosis of DTC from January 1, 2007, to January 1, 2010, in a large public and adjoining university teaching hospital at a single academic medical center. Medical records were reviewed for demographics, pathology, and American Joint Committee on Cancer tumor–node–metastasis stage at initial presentation. Results There were 49 cases of well-DTC (96% papillary and 4% Hürthle) in the public hospital and 370 cases (95% papillary, 2% Hürthle, and 3% follicular) in the university teaching hospital. Median age (years) at presentation was 50 in the public versus 48 in the university teaching hospital (p=0.39). Ninety-six percent of public hospital patients were from ethnic minorities compared with 16% of university teaching hospital patients (p<0.0001). Only 1 (2%) public hospital patient had private insurance compared with 85% of university teaching hospital patients. Tumor status (p=0.002) and stage (p=0.03) were more advanced and extrathyroidal extension (p=0.02) was more prevalent among public hospital patients compared with university teaching hospital patients. In a multivariable analysis, public hospital, male gender, increasing age, advanced tumor status, and the presence of lymphovascular invasion were the best predictors of more advanced disease stage. Public hospital patients were 3.4 times more likely to present with advanced DTC than university teaching hospital patients of the same age, gender, tumor status, and lymphovascular invasion status (95% confidence interval 1.29–8.95). Conclusions In a public hospital, where the patient population is defined primarily by insurance status, patients were more likely to present with advanced-stage DTC than patients presenting to an adjacent university teaching hospital. These results suggest a disparity in the stage on initial presentation of DTC, possibly resulting in a delayed diagnosis of cancer.

Lim, Irene Isabel Payad; Hochman, Tsivia; Blumberg, Sheila Nafula; Patel, Kepal Narendra; Heller, Keith Stuart

2012-01-01

201

Models for Teaching Teachers How to Teach Students to Learn from Text at the Junior High, High School, and University Levels. Technical Report No. 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four models for teaching students how to interact more effectively with text at the junior high, high school, and university levels are reviewed in this paper. Each model emphasizes one or more of the following classroom components and their interactions--student resources, text characteristics, tests or course goals, and instructional…

Singer, Harry; Bean, Thomas W.

202

Teaching of pharmacology in Universiti Malaya and the other medical schools in Malaysia -- a historical perspective.  

PubMed

Traditional pharmacology teaching has focused more on drug instead of therapeutics, such that although pharmacological knowledge is acquired, practical skills in prescribing remain weak. In Malaysia many new medical schools (both public and private) have been set up in the last 12 years due to a change in government policy, resulting in a wide spectrum of medical curricula. Universiti Malaya (UM) being the oldest medical school in Malaysia was deep set in its traditional way of teaching-learning, since its inception in 1962, until a visit from the General Medical Council of the United Kingdom in 1984 triggered off a change of tide. Since then the medical curriculum in UM has undergone two major revisions. The first revised curriculum (1988) aimed to inject more clinical relevance into basic science teaching, through introducing clinical lectures and skills in the paraclinical year. Professional behaviour was also addressed. The second revised curriculum (1998) sought to improve further the integration of knowledge as well as to produce a holistic doctor, viewing the patient as a person instead of a clinical entity. The teaching-learning of pharmacology has gradually moved from factual regurgitation to more clinical reasoning, from lab-based to more patient-oriented approach. As more new medical schools are being set up in Malaysia, exchange of experience in this area of learning will hopefully help us find a happy medium between "the old is best" and "the new is better" type approach so that a pedagogically sound and yet logistically practical curriculum can be found in our local setting, to help produce doctors with good prescribing practice. PMID:15339399

Sim, Si Mui

2004-09-01

203

Research, Teaching, Learning: Making Connections in the Education of Adults. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Standing Conference on University Teaching and Research in the Education of Adults (28th, Exeter, England, July 6-8, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 43 papers presented at a conference on research in teaching adults at the University of Exeter, England, in 1998. Among the papers are the following: "Reconstructing Academic Practice: Research and Teaching in a University School of Adult Education" (David Boud); "Re-searching Adult Education Practice: Paradoxes and…

Benn, Roseanne, Ed.

204

Evaluation of teaching and learning course in the nursing baccalaureate curriculum in one University Teaching Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Generic BSC Nursing four years degree program is a great achievement of Pakistan Nursing Council (PNC). It was developed in collaboration with HEC (Higher Education Commission). There is an unprecedented shortage of nurse educators in the country. The course entitled NU361: Teaching and Learning: Principles and Practices, forms the foundation for educating students about teaching theory, principles and practices.

Jacqueline Maria Dias; Zohra Kurji

2011-01-01

205

Incorporating Service-Learning, Technology, and Research Supportive Teaching Techniques into the University Chemistry Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technology was integrated into service-learning activities to create an interactive teaching method for undergraduate students at a large research institution. Chemistry students at the University of Central Florida partnered with high school students at Crooms Academy of Information Technology in interactive service learning projects. The projects allowed UCF students to teach newly acquired content knowledge and build upon course lecture and lab exercises. Activities utilized the web-conferencing tool Adobe Connect Pro to enable interaction with high school students, many of whom have limited access to supplemental educational opportunities due to low socioeconomic status. Seventy chemistry I students created lessons to clarify high school students' misconceptions through the use of refutational texts. In addition, 21 UCF students enrolled in the chemistry II laboratory course acted as virtual lab partners with Crooms students in an interactive guided inquiry experiment focused on chemical kinetics. An overview of project's design, implementation, and assessments are detailed in the case study and serve as a model for future community partnerships. Emerging technologies are emphasized as well as a suggested set of best practices for future projects.

Saitta, E. K. H.; Bowdon, M. A.; Geiger, C. L.

2011-12-01

206

“We Really Felt Part of Something”: Participatory learning among peers within a university teaching?development community of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the pedagogic learning of a group of new lecturers at an international research intensive university who were participants on a formal teaching development programme. The lens of situated learning theory is utilised to gain new insights into the learning arising from the development programme but also to reveal certain limitations to pedagogic learning in academic workplaces. Initially,

Russell P. Warhurst

2006-01-01

207

School-University Collaborative Design Teams: Curriculum Design as a Vehicle for Professional Development in Teaching with Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Illinois at Chicago has created a professional development program in which teachers, teacher-education faculty, and technology consultants collaborate to create technology-infused curriculum Modules. These Design Teams offer instructors a place to explore the potential of a range of technology tools for teaching the core concepts and skills of their subject areas, and create a crucial link between

Josh Radinsky; Louanne Smolin

208

Science First: Contributions of a University-Industry Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how public policy establishing the University of California Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program helped to establish the state's environmental technology industry. The multidisciplinary "science-push" program generated economic development benefits including leveraged research funding and at least 200 new private sector jobs,…

Bradshaw, Ted K.; Kennedy, Kevin M.; Davis, Paul R.; Lloyd, Larry L.; Gwebu, Nokuthula; Last, Jerold A.

2003-01-01

209

School/University Partnerships and the UNI Teaching Associates Cadre Model: Professional Benefits to PreK-12 Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The implementation of the University of Northern Iowa's (UNI) Teaching Associates Cadre Model (TAC) Professional Development School (PDS) program is discussed within the context of Kagan's six stages of collaborative relationships: formation, conceptualization, development, implementation, evaluation, and termination or reformation. The TAC was…

Selke, Mary J.; Kueter, Roger A.

210

The agendas of distance teaching universities: Moving from the margins to the center stage of higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Full-fledged distance teaching universities (DTUS), that have been established since the early 1970s in various parts of the world, were perceived by many of their conventional counterparts as unique institutions, assigned with special tasks outside the realm of mainstream higher education. The major thrust of this paper is to examine from a comparative perspective to what extent have the agendas

Sarah Guri-Rosenblit

1999-01-01

211

Use of complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) by cancer patients is very common and varies between populations. The referenced English literature has no local study from Africa on this subject. This study was conducted to define the prevalence, pattern of use, and factors influencing the use of CAM by cancer patients at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital

Emmanuel R Ezeome; Agnes N Anarado

2007-01-01

212

International Union of Physiological Sciences Physiology Teaching Workshop, March 31-April 1, 2012, Arabian Gulf University, Kingdom of Bahrain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 2009, the Department of Physiology had planned an International Union of Physiological Sciences Physiology Teaching Workshop at Arabian Gulf University. The date was set for March 5-6, 2011; however, due to civil unrest, the workshop was postponed to March 31-April 1, 2012. The workshop was a success, bringing together 92 speakers and…

Subhan, M. M. F.

2013-01-01

213

Bhutanese Stakeholders' Perceptions about Multi-Grade Teaching as a Strategy for Achieving Quality Universal Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study employed document analysis and qualitative interviews to explore the perceptions of different Bhutanese stakeholders about multi-grade teaching, which the Bhutanese Government identified as a strategy for achieving quality Universal Primary Education. The data from Ministry officials, teachers and student teachers were analyzed using…

Kucita, Pawan; Kivunja, Charles; Maxwell, T. W.; Kuyini, Bawa

2013-01-01

214

Present Practices and Background to Teaching and Learning at the Royal University of Bhutan (RUB): A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Bhutan relatively few studies at the higher education level have been done and fewer still reported in international journals. This pilot study highlights the present practices and culture of teaching and learning at one of the teacher education colleges of the Royal University of Bhutan (RUB). It looks broadly across the issues of…

Gyamtso, Deki; Maxwell, T. W.

2012-01-01

215

Studies in Teaching: 2004 Research Digest. Proceedings of the Annual Research Forum at Wake Forest University (December, 2004)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These Proceedings document an educational research forum held at Wake Forest University (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) on December 8, 2004. Table of contents and 26 research studies of high school teaching are included. Studies include: The Use of Authentic Materials in the K-12 French Program (Katherine Elizabeth Baird), Surveying Students:…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

2005-01-01

216

Science First: Contributions of a University-Industry Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how public policy establishing the University of California Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program helped to establish the state's environmental technology industry. The multidisciplinary "science-push" program generated economic development benefits including leveraged research funding and at least 200 new private sector jobs,…

Bradshaw, Ted K.; Kennedy, Kevin M.; Davis, Paul R.; Lloyd, Larry L.; Gwebu, Nokuthula; Last, Jerold A.

2003-01-01

217

Cosmogonies and Culture: Teaching Genesis and the Popol Vuh in an Interdisciplinary Course at a Christian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the possibilities of teaching Genesis and the Popol Vuh, the Mayan creation account, in an interdisciplinary course at a church-related institution. The course is part of an alternative, interdisciplinary core curriculum typically taken by two hundred students a year at the university. A comparison of the Popol Vuh with…

Parsons, Mikeal C.; Cook, Garrett

2004-01-01

218

Maestlin's teaching of Copernicus. The evidence of his university textbook and disputations.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Michael Maestlin (1550 - 1631), professor of mathematics at the University of Tübingen from 1584 until his death, is probably best known as the teacher of Johannes Kepler. As such he has merited more attention from historians than most other sixteenth-century German professors of mathematics. While Maestlin's own achievements (for instance, his correct description of earthshine, his observation and identification of the nova of 1572, and his attempt to determine the orbit of the comet of 1577 - 1578) have been noted, Kepler's testimony that he learned the Copernican system from Maestlin has meant that attention has been focused on Maestlin's attitude toward the Copernican hypothesis. Central to the ensuing discussion has been the question, and particularly the light shed on it by such of Maestlin's teaching materials as survive, that forms the subject of this paper. Copernicus's planetary hypothesis was probably not taught to every student in the University of Tübingen, but Maestlin seems always to have made the new hypothesis available who had the interest and ability to pursue it.

Methuen, C.

1996-06-01

219

Students' pre-knowledge as a guideline in the teaching of introductory thermal physics at university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study concentrates on analysing university students' pre-knowledge of thermal physics. The students' understanding of the basic concepts and of the adiabatic compression of an ideal gas was studied at the start of an introductory level course. A total of 48 students participated in a paper-and-pencil test, and analysis of the responses revealed that they had several kinds of problems. They did not differentiate between concepts, confusing in particular the concepts of temperature, internal energy and heat. The students also seemed to have serious problems in applying the first law of thermodynamics: they were frequently more likely to use the ideal gas law rather than the first law, e.g., in the case of adiabatic compression, even though it cannot provide a proper explanation of the phenomenon. More detailed analysis revealed that the underlying reasons for many of the problems detected were based on an inadequate understanding of micro-level models of substance. At the upper secondary level, students have acquired an impression of how particles move, vibrate and interact, but they have not learnt how to apply the ideas and concepts of the micro-models in a scientific manner. All of this means that university teachers need to exercise great care in designing their teaching. Explicit recommendations for teachers to take into account both the findings of this research project and also students' pre-knowledge are presented in the discussion section at the end of this paper.

Leinonen, Risto; Räsänen, Esa; Asikainen, Mervi; Hirvonen, Pekka E.

2009-05-01

220

Evaluation of the peer teaching program at the University Children´s Hospital Essen - a single center experience.  

PubMed

Since 1986 medical students at the University Children's Hospital Essen are trained as peers in a two week intensive course in order to teach basic paediatric examination techniques to younger students. Student peers are employed by the University for one year. Emphasis of the peer teaching program is laid on the mediation of affective and sensomotorical skills e.g. get into contact with parents and children, as well as manual paediatric examination techniques. The aim of this study is to analyse whether student peers are able to impart specific paediatric examination skills as good as an experienced senior paediatric lecturer. 123 students were randomly assigned to a group with either a senior lecturer or a student peer teacher. Following one-hour teaching-sessions in small groups students had to demonstrate the learned skills in a 10 minute modified OSCE. In comparison to a control group consisting of 23 students who never examined a child before, both groups achieved a significantly better result. Medical students taught by student peers almost reached the same examination result as the group taught by paediatric teachers (21,7±4,1 vs. 22,6±3,6 of 36 points, p=0,203). Especially the part of the OSCE where exclusively practical skills where examined revealed no difference between the two groups (7,44±2,15 vs. 7,97±1,87 of a maximum of 16 points, p=0,154). The majority of students (77%) evaluated peer teaching as stimulating and helpful. The results of this quantitative teaching study reveal that peer teaching of selected skills can be a useful addition to classical paediatric teaching classes. PMID:23737922

Büscher, Rainer; Weber, Dominik; Büscher, Anja; Hölscher, Maite; Pohlhuis, Sandra; Groes, Bernhard; Hoyer, Peter F

2013-05-15

221

Pattern of sudden death at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, South West Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this study was to determine the etiology and epidemiologic characteristics of sudden death at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Teaching Hospital, South West Nigeria. Methods This was a retrospective descriptive study of all cases of natural unexpected death, either occurring out of hospital or less than 24 hours after admission to LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, over a nine-year period from January 2003 to December 2011. Data were generated from information in the case notes and autopsy reports for these cases. Results Sudden death accounted for 29 (4.0%) of 718 adult medical deaths and 1.0% of all adult medical admissions. Out-of-hospital deaths occurred in 72.4% of cases. The mean age of the patients was 46.8 ± 11.5 (range 25–74) years. The male to female ratio was 6.25:1. Cardiovascular disease were the most common cause of death (51.7%), followed by respiratory disease (20.7%), pulmonary thromboembolism (10.4%), central nervous system disease (13.8%), gastrointestinal disorders (13.8%), severe chemical/drug poisoning (13.8%), and combined cardiovascular and central nervous system disease (13.8%). Hypertension-related causes were responsible for 14/29 (48.3%) of the sudden deaths. Hypertensive heart disease accounted for 86.7% of the cardiovascular deaths, hypertensive heart failure accounted for 73.3%, whilst all heart failure cases accounted for 80.0%. Left ventricular hypertrophy was present in 69.2% of the patients with hypertensive heart disease. Moderate to severe atheromatous changes occurred in the aorta in 38.5% of patients aged ?50 years. No case of myocardial infarction was found. Conclusion Hypertensive heart disease and hypertension-related disorders are the most common causes of sudden death in South West Nigeria, so effective public health strategies should be channeled towards prevention, detection, and treatment of hypertension.

Akinwusi, Patience Olayinka; Komolafe, Akinwumi Oluwole; Olayemi, Olanrewaju Olayinka; Adeomi, Adeleye Abiodun

2013-01-01

222

Development and Evaluation of a Prep Course for Chemistry Graduate Teaching Assistants at a Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development and evaluation of a prep course for chemistry graduate teaching assistants (GTAs). The course was developed around three major goals: (i) building a community for new GTAs and socializing them into the department; (ii) modeling teaching with well-documented, innovative teaching and learning techniques; and…

Marbach-Ad, Gili; Schaefer, Kathryn L.; Kumi, Bryna C.; Friedman, Lee A.; Thompson, Katerina V.; Doyle, Michael P.

2012-01-01

223

Using Teradata University Network (TUN), a Free Internet Resource for Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business intelligence and information logistics have become an important part of teaching curricula in recent years due to the increased demand for adequately trained graduates. Since these fields are characterized by a high amount of software and methodology innovations, teaching materials and teaching aids require constant updating. Teradata…

Winter, Robert; Gericke, Anke; Bucher, Tobias

2008-01-01

224

Teaching future K-8 teachers the language of Newton: A case study of collaboration and change in university physics teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This interpretive case study describes a collaborative project involving a physics professor and a science educator. We report what was learned about factors that influenced the professor's development of teaching strategies, alternative to lecture, that were intended to promote prospective teachers' meaningful learning and their use of canonical ways of communicating physics concepts. We describe how the professor's beliefs influenced

Carol Briscoe; Chandra S. Prayaga

2004-01-01

225

An evaluation of patients care in Radio Diagnosis Department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.  

PubMed

Patients care involves all the activities that are carried out before, during and after radiological diagnostic procedures. The successful application of medical knowledge depends on what patients think and feel about the medical personnel and the hospital. From the clinical experience, patients usually reacts to some factors that creates problems in the radiology units such as delay, neglect, use of harsh words, unnecessary repeats and preferential treatment. The study was aimed at evaluating patients care in radio diagnosis department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH), Kathmandu, Nepal. A cross sectional study was conducted from May to June, 2012 in TUTH, Kathmandu, Nepal. Semi structured both open and closed ended questionnaires were administered among 287 conscious patients who were agreed to participate in the study. A total 287 patients were enrolled in the study. Out of them, 165 (57.49%) patients perceived that instruction was adequate before and after the examination; 219 (76.30%) patients were satisfied with the services rendered in the hospital; 174 (60.62%) patients perceived that privacy was adequate but 229 (79.9%) and 145 (50.5%) perceived that waiting areas and social aspects of patients care were suboptimal and in adequate. This can be improved by hospital management system. PMID:23671964

Chand, R B; Pant, D K; Joshi, D D

2012-06-01

226

Clinical profile of hypertension at a University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Hypertension in Nigeria is a widespread problem of immense social and economic importance because of its high prevalence and the severity of its complications. Aim: To define the morbidity and mortality pattern of hypertension at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH). Method: Records of all patients admitted to the medical wards of the UPTH over a 5-year period with essential hypertension or any of its complications were retrieved from the ward and medical records and reviewed. Result: A total of 780 hypertensive patients were reviewed, constituting 28.2% of all medical admissions. Only 424 (15.2%) had complete records and were analyzed. Record keeping was poor. There were 173 (41%) males and 251 (59%) females with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. The ages ranged from 18 years to 100 years with a mean of 56.5 ± 16.2. Stroke was responsible for 169 (39.9%) hypertensive complications. Heart failure occurred in 97 (22%) cases while renal failure and encephalopathy accounted for 40 (9.4%) and 7 (1.7%) hypertensive complications respectively. There were 99 deaths out of which 51 (51.5%) were due to stroke, 14 (14.12%) were due to heart failure, and 12 (12.1%) were due to renal failure. Conclusion: The contribution of systemic hypertension to the morbidity and mortality of adults at UPTH is quite significant.

Onwuchekwa, Arthur C; Chinenye, Sunday

2010-01-01

227

[Video-based teaching in pathology. Experience gained in the last 3 years at the RWTH Aachen University].  

PubMed

Modern computer technology provides students with easier access to learning materials. Basic knowledge of pathological findings in organs is essential in medical education. We have produced didactic videos for teaching pathology in a clinical context in addition to regular lectures at the university. Didactic material includes macroscopic and histological findings, as well as cartoons explaining pathophysiology and clinical links. Videos can be downloaded in mv4 format as podcasts to a local hard disk or to an iPhone or iPod via iTunes University and are designed to improve classical medical literature. Analysis over 3 years of server traffic and subjective impressions by the students revealed regular use and high acceptance by users. Didactic material in clinical pathology can be successfully integrated in videos to complement lectures and practical training. Modern teaching methods in pathology make the specialty more understandable and therefore more attractive for students. PMID:21046107

Perez-Bouza, A; Merk, M; Rieck, I; Knuechel, R

2011-05-01

228

Teachers’ conceptions of teaching at a Gulf university: A starting point for revising a teacher development program  

Microsoft Academic Search

As universities are increasingly attracting students from a wider range of cultural and ethnic backgrounds, one of the challenges faced by educational developers is preparing academics to teach in a cross-cultural environment. In order to do this, teacher development programs often need to be adapted and up-dated. A widely-recognised starting point in this process is the examination of teachers’ conceptions

L. Smith

2006-01-01

229

Research University STEM Faculty Members' Motivation to Engage in Teaching Professional Development: Building the Choir through an Appeal to Extrinsic Motivation and Ego  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on a qualitative, grounded-theory-based study that explored the motivations of science and engineering faculty to engage in teaching professional development at a major research university. Faculty members were motivated to engage in teaching professional development due to extrinsic motivations, mainly a weakened professional…

Bouwma-Gearhart, Jana

2012-01-01

230

Mechanisms and Development Strategies for Teaching Thinking to Move the Role of Jordan Universities as the Product of the Think Tank from the Faculty Members Point of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed at revealing the mechanisms and development strategies for teaching thinking to move the role of Jordan universities as the product of think tank from the faculty members point of view. Also aimed to determine the influence of academic rank in shaping the mechanisms and development strategies for teaching thinking in Jordanian…

Ziadat, Ayed H.; Abu-Nair, Natheer S.; Abu Sameha, Mansour A.

2011-01-01

231

Reflection and Exploration of Interactive Teaching in College English Intensive Reading Classroom of Newly Built Universities under Network Environment in Minority Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

College English Intensive Reading is a course of comprehensive skills. Its main purpose is to develop and improve students' comprehensive abilities of using English, but more or less there still exist problems to be solved in classroom interactive teaching during the practical teaching process in newly-built undergraduate universities in minority areas. However, if we redefine and reconstruct the roles of

Zhou Xiu-miao; Yang Jun

2011-01-01

232

Mechanisms and Development Strategies for Teaching Thinking to Move the Role of Jordan Universities as the Product of the Think Tank from the Faculty Members Point of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study aimed at revealing the mechanisms and development strategies for teaching thinking to move the role of Jordan universities as the product of think tank from the faculty members point of view. Also aimed to determine the influence of academic rank in shaping the mechanisms and development strategies for teaching thinking in Jordanian…

Ziadat, Ayed H.; Abu-Nair, Natheer S.; Abu Sameha, Mansour A.

2011-01-01

233

Clinical significance of low serum magnesium in pregnant women attending the University of Benin Teaching Hospital.  

PubMed

Objective: Magnesium level is known to decline during pregnancy. A suggested role for magnesium deficiency in conditions like pre-eclampsia and pre-term birth has prompted studies with conflicting evidence. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypomagnesemia in pregnancy, while the secondary objectives attempted to define maternal and fetal outcome due to hypomagnesemia. Subjects and Methods: A pilot study was performed to determine the mean serum magnesium level for the population of female patients attending the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The result of the pregnant population in the pilot study was used as a reference for hypomagnesemia in this study. Thereafter, a prospective cohort study of antenatal women recruited in the second trimester and followed-up till delivery and 1 week post-partum was done. Serum magnesium estimates were done with samples collected at recruitment and delivery. The magnesium levels determined at recruitment were used to divide the subjects into two groups of hypomagnesemic and normomagnesemic patients. Their sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were used to generate a database for analysis. Results: The prevalence of magnesium deficiency was 16.25%. Hypomagnesemia was significantly correlated with the occurrence of pre-eclampsia ( P = 0.011), leg cramps ( P = 0.000) and pre-term birth ( P = 0.030). A logistic regression analysis showed that hypomagnesemia had an Odds ratio of 22 for pre-eclampsia. There was no maternal mortality or early neonatal death. Conclusion: Pre-eclampsia and pre-term birth are associated with hypomagnesemia in pregnancy; hence, magnesium supplementation or magnesium-rich diet consisting of green leafy vegetables, soy milk and legumes may improve outcome. PMID:23974737

Enaruna, N O; Ande, Aba; Okpere, E E

234

A Survey of University Professors Teaching Speech Sound Disorders: Nonspeech Oral Motor Exercises and Other Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this article was to obtain and organize information from instructors who teach course work on the subject of children's speech sound disorders (SSD) regarding their use of teaching resources, involvement in students' clinical practica, and intervention approaches presented to students. Instructors also reported if they…

Watson, Maggie M.; Lof, Gregory L.

2009-01-01

235

Safety leadership in the teaching laboratories of electrical and electronic engineering departments at Taiwanese Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionSafety has always been one of the principal goals in teaching laboratories. Laboratories cannot serve their educational purpose when accidents occur. The leadership of department heads has a major impact on laboratory safety, so this study discusses the factors affecting safety leadership in teaching laboratories.

Tsung-Chih Wu

2008-01-01

236

Reform exploration of practice teaching on communication engineering major in colleges and universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with the development of communication tech- nology and communication industry, the requirements of commu- nication engineering major is growing, and the demand is more and more strict. In order to train high-quality communication talents, strengthen practice teaching reform is needed for univer- sities. This article puts forward some reform ideas on the current problems of practice teaching in colleges

Xiaoqi Wang; Hongmei Feng

2011-01-01

237

Using Internet to Enhance the Teaching and Learning of Music Technology at Griffith University Gold Coast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the first phase of a year long project (July 1995 - July 1996) that highlights the use of the internet as a teaching tool in the area of music technology - in particular the teaching of MIDI \\/ Sequencing. Four separate cohorts have been established, each with its own characteristics.

Greg Whateley; Geraldine Torrisi; Robert Ellis-Geiger

238

A Guide to Better Teaching: Skills, Advice, and Evaluation for College and University Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"A Guide to Better Teaching" is a self-help book that provides anyone teaching a college course with a thorough understanding of what it takes to be an effective teacher. Derived from the authors' extensive research, several interactive assessment tools are included that measure levels of effectiveness according to learner preferences. Each…

Jahangiri, Leila; Mucciolo, Tom

2011-01-01

239

A Study on Motivational Factors of Students in German Language Teaching Department at Trakya University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many definitions, views and theories for motivation. This study aims to state expressly what type of motivation factors according to the students' grades affects the students of German Language Teaching Departments (Turkey) negatively or positively. How the external and internal factors affect the students of German Language Teaching

Yucel, Mukadder Seyhan

2009-01-01

240

Teaching Cataloguing and Classification at the University of Pretoria: Thinking Preferences of Second Year Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information profession has changed drastically in the last few years. The core requirements for information work- ers have also changed because the workplace needs specific qualities and skills. The necessity of continuing to teach cata- loguing and classification is questioned, and many library schools have discontinued teaching these subjects. Many ex- perts, however, believe that cataloguing and classification are

Ann-Louise de Boer; H. S. Coetzee

2001-01-01

241

Content-Based Internet-Assisted ESP Teaching to Ukrainian University Students Majoring in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the issues of teaching ESP to Ukrainian tertiary students majoring in psychology. The suggested approach is based on teaching English through the content matter of special subjects included in the program of training practical psychologists. The example of an ESP textbook for psychologists is used for demonstrating the…

Tarnopolsky, Oleg

2009-01-01

242

Beyond Statistical Methods: Teaching Critical Thinking to First-Year University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We discuss a major change in the way we teach our first-year statistics course. We have redesigned this course with emphasis on teaching critical thinking. We recognized that most of the students take the course for general knowledge and support of other majors, and very few are planning to major in statistics. We identified the essential aspects…

David, Irene; Brown, Jennifer Ann

2012-01-01

243

Evaluation of Turkish prospective teachers’ attitudes towards teaching profession (Near East University case)  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the important factors that affect a teacher's success and efficiency is his\\/her attitude towards the profession. For the realization of an efficient \\/ active mother tongue teaching, mother tongue teachers need to have a positive attitude towards he profession. The fundamental objective of this study is to determine the mother tongue (Turkish) prospective teachers’ attitudes towards the teaching

Ahmet Güneyli; Canan Aslan

2009-01-01

244

Content-Based Internet-Assisted ESP Teaching to Ukrainian University Students Majoring in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the issues of teaching ESP to Ukrainian tertiary students majoring in psychology. The suggested approach is based on teaching English through the content matter of special subjects included in the program of training practical psychologists. The example of an ESP textbook for psychologists is used for demonstrating the…

Tarnopolsky, Oleg

2009-01-01

245

A Guide to Better Teaching: Skills, Advice, and Evaluation for College and University Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"A Guide to Better Teaching" is a self-help book that provides anyone teaching a college course with a thorough understanding of what it takes to be an effective teacher. Derived from the authors' extensive research, several interactive assessment tools are included that measure levels of effectiveness according to learner preferences. Each…

Jahangiri, Leila; Mucciolo, Tom

2011-01-01

246

Teaching future K-8 teachers the language of Newton: A case study of collaboration and change in university physics teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This interpretive case study describes a collaborative project involving a physics professor and a science educator. We report what was learned about factors that influenced the professor's development of teaching strategies, alternative to lecture, that were intended to promote prospective teachers' meaningful learning and their use of canonical ways of communicating physics concepts. We describe how the professor's beliefs influenced the pedagogy that he used to communicate the language of physics and the nature of what was communicated. We also report how our collaboration fostered change as we developed a shared language that allowed us to discuss how students learn and to explicate the referent beliefs that supported the professor's practices. We found that focused reflection on referent beliefs led to a change in the manner in which the professor communicated with the prospective teachers. Traditional lecture pedagogy focused the professor's concern on how he was teaching evolved toward a pedagogy that focused on how students were learning. Classroom interactions were increased with a primary goal of orchestrating a discourse of physics initiated in the language already accessible to the prospective teachers. This change in the manner that classroom interactions occurred provided opportunities for the prospective teachers' language to evolve toward eventually communicating their ideas in canonical physics language.

Briscoe, Carol; Prayaga, Chandra S.

2004-11-01

247

Power Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Power Teaching weaves four factors into a seamless whole: standards, teaching thinking, research based strategies, and critical inquiry. As a prototype in its first year of development with an urban fifth grade class, the power teaching model connects selected district standards, thinking routines from Harvard University Project Zero Research…

Fluellen, Jerry E., Jr.

2007-01-01

248

Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file, "University of Virginia Historic District," and other primary and secondary materials about Thomas Jefferson and the ctreation of the University of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson did not begin the effort of designing the University of Virginia (Charlottesville) until…

Hughes, Mary; Wilson, Sara

249

Quality of Teaching Faculty in Public Sector Universities of Pakistan as Viewed by Teachers Themselves  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research article discusses quality of faculty in public sector universities of Pakistan. All the teachers of public sector universities of Pakistan constituted the population. From the cluster of twelve public sector universities, 300 teachers were selected as a sample. A questionnaire for faculty members was administered at 5-point rating scale in order to collect their views about the quality

Sajid Rehman; Aijaz Ahmed Gujjar; Shafqat Ali Khan; Javed Iqbal

2009-01-01

250

Teaching Generic Skills: Eroding the Higher Purpose of Universities, or an Opportunity for Renewal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores opportunities and challenges presented by the development of graduate skills in Australian universities. We challenge the dichotomy that conceives of a fundamental disjuncture between the idea of universities as institutions of vocational education and the more traditional conception of universities as key institutions in the…

Star, Cassandra; Hammer, Sara

2008-01-01

251

Teaching about the brain and reaching the community: undergraduates in the pipeline neuroscience program at the university of pennsylvania.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine's Pipeline Neuroscience Program, a multi-tiered mentorship and education program for Philadelphia high school students in which University of Pennsylvania undergraduates are integrally involved. The Pipeline Neuroscience Program provides mentorship and education for students at all levels. High school students are taught by undergraduates, who learn from medical students who, in turn, are guided by neurology residents and fellows. Throughout a semester-long course, undergraduates receive instruction in neuroanatomy, neuroscience, and clinical neurology as part of the Pipeline's case-based curriculum. During weekly classes, undergraduates make the transition from students to community educators by integrating their new knowledge into lesson plans that they teach to small groups of medically and academically underrepresented Philadelphia high school students. The Pipeline program thus achieves the dual goals of educating undergraduates about neuroscience and providing them with an opportunity to perform community service. PMID:23493190

Edlow, Brian L; Hamilton, Karen; Hamilton, Roy H

2007-06-15

252

Effectiveness of the scientific inquiry approach in teaching natural science to first-year college students in a Philippine university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Student-centered approaches to learning are aligned with the Constructivist Model and have been the focus of much recent science education research in the United States. It is based on the premise that students learn better when they are actively engaged and given the opportunity to construct their own knowledge. In addition, the search continues for effective science curricular and pedagogical approaches that will provide adequate understanding of the nature of science and development of positive attitudes. This study investigated the effectiveness of the scientific inquiry approach, which is a student-centered style of teaching, in improving students' attitudes and understanding of the nature of science. The scientific inquiry approach was used in the teaching of Natural Science in a Philippine university. Pre- and post-surveys on attitude and views about science were administered to 767 first year college students enrolled in the course. The results of the surveys revealed significant differences in both students' views and their attitudes before and after instruction. The overall trend of respondents' answers was changed from a mixed-folk (unscientific) direction to a mixed-expert (scientific) direction. Thus, the study concludes that the scientific inquiry style of teaching makes a significant impact in changing or improving students' attitudes and understanding about the nature of science. This study also showed a positive correlation between students' views and their attitudes toward science.

Jimenez, Luzviminda Miano

253

Prescribing practice and evaluation of appropriateness of enteral nutrition in a university teaching hospital  

PubMed Central

Background A retrospective utilization study was performed to evaluate utilization patterns for enteral nutrition in a university teaching hospital. Methods Enteral nutrition was divided into three types according to the nitrogen source, ie, total protein type [Nutrison Fibre®, Fresubin Energy Fibre®, Fresubin®, Supportan® (a special immunonutrition for cancer patients or patients with increased demands for omega-3 fatty acids), Fresubin Diabetes® (a diabetes-specific formula), Ensure®]; short peptide type (Peptison®); and amino acid type (Vivonex®). A pharmacoeconomic analysis was done based on defined daily dose methodology. Results Among hospitalized patients taking enteral nutrition, 34.8% received enteral nutrition alone, 30% concomitantly received parenteral nutrition, and 35.2% received enteral nutrition after parenteral nutrition. Combined use of the different formulas was observed in almost all hospitalized patients receiving enteral nutrition. In total, 61.5% of patients received triple therapy with Nutrison Fibre, Fresubin Diabetes, and Supportan. Number of defined daily doses (total dose consumed/defined daily dose, also called DDDs) of formulas in descending order were as follows: Nutrison Fibre, Fresubin Energy Fibre, Fresubin Diabetes > Supportan > Peptison, Ensure > Vivonex, Fresubin. The ratio of the cumulative DDDs for the three types of enteral nutrition was 35:2.8:1 (total protein type to short peptide type to amino acid type). Off-label use of Fresubin Diabetes was also observed, with most of this formula being prescribed for patients with stress hyperglycemia. Only 2.1% of cancer patients received Supportan. There were 35 cases of near misses in dispensing look-alike or sound-alike enteral nutrition formulas, and one adverse drug reaction in an elderly malnourished patient who did not receive vitamin K1-enriched enteral nutrition during treatment with cefoperazone. After 4 months of the trial intervention, off-label use of Fresubin Diabetes was no longer endorsed by the Drug and Therapeutics Committee for nondiabetic patients, and the proportion of this formula prescribed for patients with stress hyperglycemia decreased by 20%, with a 10-fold increase in the amount of Supportan prescribed for cancer patients. Near misses in dispensing look-alike or sound-alike enteral nutrition were successfully abolished, and no severe coagulation disorders occurred after prophylactic administration of vitamin K1-enriched enteral nutrition in elderly malnourished patients receiving cefoperazone. Conclusion This utilization study indicates that continuous quality improvement is necessary and that a Drug and Therapeutics Committee can play an important role in promoting rational and safe use of enteral nutrition. Appropriateness of this therapy still needs to be improved, especially in addressing the issues of non-evidence-based combined use of multiple enteral nutrition formulas, the relatively high rate of concomitant use of enteral and parenteral nutrition, off-label use of diabetes-specific Fresubin Diabetes, insufficient use of Supportan in cancer patients, and unnecessary use of Supportan in intensive care patients not suffering from cancer.

Zhu, Xiu-Ping; Zhu, Ling-Ling; Zhou, Quan

2013-01-01

254

Living an Inquiry Stance toward Teaching in School-University Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nature of partnerships and the integration of theory and practice in professional positioning is so complex that there are undoubtedly promises, potentials, and problematics. To live within this complexity, embrace tensions and challenges, and sustain this important work, the author views living an inquiry stance toward teaching as the…

Snow-Gerono, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

255

Greening a Chemistry Teaching Methods Course at the School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Green chemistry is the design, development and implementation of chemical products and processes to reduce or eliminate the use of sub-stances hazardous to human health and the environment. This article reports on the integration of green chemistry and sustainable development concepts (SDCs) into an existing teaching methods course for chemistry…

Karpudewan, Mageswary; Hj Ismail, Zurida; Mohamed, Norita

2011-01-01

256

Connecting University and Student Teaching Experiences through the Jackdaw Kit Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author shares the challenges faced in her social studies methods class due to the constraints of NCLB. By incorporating the jackdaw kit project within her social studies methods course, her candidates were able to connect what they were talking about in methods and apply it to their students teaching situations where there was little time for…

Marshall, Jill

2010-01-01

257

Teach or Treat--Management Issues at the University/Hospital Interface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of management issues at teaching hospitals reviews their history and examines specific challenges in this context, including the ill-defined middle management level, the relative roles of the manager and department heads, separation and integration of managerial, academic, and medical responsibilities, and financing from more than one…

Vang, Johannes

1991-01-01

258

Online Teaching Aids from the Department of Information Science, University of Sheffield, England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes student-produced simulations of four online services--Lockheed DIALOG, BLAISE MARC, BLAISE MEDLINE, and SDC. Intended to teach keyboard use, basic commands, and more advanced techniques, the programs are written in BASIC and transferable to a wide range of computers. Several sample displays and seven references are provided. (RBF)|

Wood, Frances E.

1981-01-01

259

Understanding and Influencing Teaching and Learning Cultures at University: A Network Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic cultures might be perceived as conservative, at least in terms of development of teaching and learning. Through a lens of network theory this conceptual article analyses the pattern of pathways in which culture is constructed through negotiation of meaning. The perspective contributes to an understanding of culture construction and…

Roxa, Torgny; Martensson, Katarina; Alveteg, Mattias

2011-01-01

260

Greening a Chemistry Teaching Methods Course at the School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Green chemistry is the design, development and implementation of chemical products and processes to reduce or eliminate the use of sub-stances hazardous to human health and the environment. This article reports on the integration of green chemistry and sustainable development concepts (SDCs) into an existing teaching methods course for chemistry…

Karpudewan, Mageswary; Hj Ismail, Zurida; Mohamed, Norita

2011-01-01

261

Teaching Imaginary Children: University Students' Narratives about Their Latino Practicum Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the dialogic processes involved in how teachers talk about their students and what consequences their ways of talking (i.e., "narratives") may have for their guidance. We take a sociocultural perspective on learning as transformation of students' subjectivity. Teaching, as a process of guiding and facilitating learning,…

Matusov, Eugene; Smith, Mark Philip

2007-01-01

262

Using online social networking for teaching and learning: Facebook use at the University of Cape Town  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based learning has made learning content much more freely and instantaneously available to students who can download course notes and readings with a single mouse click. Facebook is one of many Web 2.0 tools – wikis, delicious, YouTube, podcasts – that are listed as having potential applications for teaching and learning. Moreover, it has been argued that the current generation

Tanja E Bosch

2009-01-01

263

Information Seeking Habits of Clinical Information by Nurses at Nigeria's Premier University Teaching Hospital: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Registered nurses form the largest group of professional healthcare providers in any Nigerian teaching hospital. Despite their population size in clinical care, lesser attention has been paid to their library and information needs in medical librarianship literature, compared to extensive research works targeted at satisfying the information needs of physicians and medical students. This study aimed to determine the reading

Helen O. Komolafe; Ayo Onatola

2008-01-01

264

Teaching for Sustainable Development in Higher Education Institutions: University of Jordan as a Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Jordan, a rapid movement of educational reform is taking place nowadays. Curricula development, teacher education, using information and communication technology (ICT), improving teaching and learning strategies and integrating different subjects are among the main objectives of this reform. One of the main challenges in Jordan in order to…

Abu-Hola, Imfadi R. M.; Tareef, Atif Bin

2009-01-01

265

Lecturers' Attitudes to Inclusive Teaching Practice at a UK University: Will Staff "Resistance" Hinder Implementation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education institutions in the UK are required, by law, to make "anticipatory" reasonable adjustments for students with disabilities. Inclusive teaching practice, if adopted across the sector, would ensure that the needs of students with disabilities are considered and provided for, before they even arrive on campus. This paper sets out the…

Smith, Maria

2010-01-01

266

Beginning music teachers’ perceptions of the transition from university to teaching in schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much research addresses pre-service music teacher education, yet relatively few studies have investigated the work of graduates as they make the transition into careers as music educators. This study using qualitative interview data was conducted in 2003 and examined nine music teachers’ perceptions and experiences of their transition from being a student teacher to teaching full-time. Data analysis showed that

Kathryn Roulston; Roy Legette; Sarah Trotman Womack

2005-01-01

267

Partners in Teaching Math: School and University Faculty Examine Issues in Mathematics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes the Elementary Mathematics through Teacher Partnerships (EMTTP) project in which the faculty at a K-6 elementary school and a few mathematicians and mathematics educators met regularly to talk about mathematics and teaching. This book illustrates how the partnership grew and learning occurred as a result. The difficulties…

Roberts, Anne D.; Clemens, Herb; Hunter, Diane; Lubomudrov, Carol; Preston, Lorel; Randell, Carol; Smith, Scott

268

Magnetism Teaching Sequences Based on an Inductive Approach for First-Year Thai University Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study investigated the impact on student motivation and understanding of magnetism of teaching sequences based on an inductive approach. The study was conducted in large lecture classes. A pre- and post-Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism was conducted with just fewer than 700 Thai undergraduate science students, before and after…

Narjaikaew, Pattawan; Emarat, Narumon; Arayathanitkul, Kwan; Cowie, Bronwen

2010-01-01

269

Competency in Teaching Reading of Fieldbased and On-Campus Students at Cleveland State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if students in a field-based program performed significantly better on a test of ability to assess and to teach specific reading skills than students enrolled in on-campus reading methods courses which employed the same textual materials and different amounts of field experiences with children. The…

Boehnlein, Mary Maher; Gans, Thomas G.

270

President's Teaching Scholars Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This program from the University of Colorado is designed to honor and reward faculty who have excelled in teaching, scholarship, and research and to endorse teaching excellence throughout the university.

Colorado, University O.

271

In This Online University, Students Do the Teaching as Well as the Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As free online courses draw students to star professors at prestigious colleges, Peer 2 Peer University asks whether instructors are needed at all. This article features Peer 2 Peer University, a three-year-old online institution where students learn together, at no charge, using materials found on the Web. The unusual institution, where anyone…

Mangan, Katherine

2012-01-01

272

Teaching large classes at college and university level: challenges and opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past decade has seen a substantial increase in the enrolment figures of tertiary level colleges and universities in OECD countries and it is predicted that this increase will continue. One of the likely consequences of these increases is the maintenance and\\/or increase of class sizes in colleges and universities, especially at undergraduate level. It is clear from the research

Catherine Mulryan-Kyne

2010-01-01

273

Culturally Responsive Teaching: Awareness and Professional Growth through a School-University Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Preparing in-service and pre-service teachers to effectively work with culturally diverse students is an ongoing challenge for schools and universities alike. This article reports on a University-Professional Development School (PDS) initiative designed to enhance an awareness of culturally responsive pedagogy. This article describes a yearlong…

McCormick, Theresa M.; Eick, Charles J.; Womack, Janet S.

2013-01-01

274

Teaching Early Childhood Assessment Online: A State-Wide Multi-University Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an online early childhood assessment course that was developed through a multi-university collaboration with support from a state improvement grant. Collaborators from three universities developed the course to address a new early childhood unified license (birth to age 8, regular and special education) in the state of Kansas.…

Murray, Ann D.; McDonald, Angie; York, Marti A.

2006-01-01

275

Teaching Early Childhood Assessment Online: A StateWide Multi-University Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an online early childhood assessment course that was developed through a multi-university collaboration with support from a state improvement grant. Collaborators from three universities developed the course to address a new early childhood unified license (birth to age 8, regular and special education) in the state of Kansas. After reviewing the new state content standards, we identified

Ann D. Murray; Angie McDonald; Marti A. York

2006-01-01

276

Teaching Early Childhood Assessment Online: A State-Wide Multi-University Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes an online early childhood assessment course that was developed through a multi-university collaboration with support from a state improvement grant. Collaborators from three universities developed the course to address a new early childhood unified license (birth to age 8, regular and special education) in the state of…

Murray, Ann D.; McDonald, Angie; York, Marti A.

2006-01-01

277

An Overview on the Teaching of Statistics at Schools and University in Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

of Economic Sciences. This provided the institutional basis for the training of the first university professionals in statistics and for the transformation of statistics into an academic discipline. Between 1932 and 1948, four university institutes on statistics were created in different regions of the country (1932 in the Litoral, 1938 in C?rdoba, 1947 in Tucum?n, and 1948 in Cuyo). The

Ana Silvia Haedo

278

University Teaching and Social Cohesion in the Age of AIDS: A South African Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the context of ongoing social divisions, lack of coherent leadership by government, and even divisiveness over medical advances and public health mandates, how might universities respond? What university actions can support "social cohesion" in a society splintered by class, race, gender, colonial legacies, the history of apartheid, and…

Lesko, Nancy

2007-01-01

279

Preservice Teacher Learning in an Urban School-University Partnership: Understanding the Complexity of Urban Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine preservice teacher learning in an integrated course and field experience in an urban school-university partnership. Study participants included two cohorts of preservice teachers at a large, northeastern research university who were completing a semester-long experience of site-based coursework and…

Stairs, Andrea J.

2008-01-01

280

Graduate Teaching-Assistant Development in College and University Instructional Physical Activity Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this article is to provide readers with a current model for instructor development and support within a college or university instructional physical activity program (C/UIPAP). First, a brief description of Auburn University's C/UIPAP is given to provide context. Second, the author outlines four key phases of instructor development:…

Russell, Jared A.

2011-01-01

281

Internet-based Teaching: How to Encourage University Students to Adopt Advanced Internet-based Technologies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growing interest in Internet-based teaching and the application of advanced Internet technologies in education, research investigating the use of advanced Internet-based technologies has been very scarce. The objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of factors influencing students' actual usage of sophisticated Internet-based technologies (IBT) in virtual classroom settings. Informed by theories on general human

Moez Limayem; Sabine Gabriele Hirt

2000-01-01

282

MAGNETISM TEACHING SEQUENCES BASED ON AN INDUCTIVE APPROACH FOR FIRST-YEAR THAI UNIVERSITY SCIENCE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated the impact on student motivation and understanding of magnetism of teaching sequences based on an inductive\\u000a approach. The study was conducted in large lecture classes. A pre- and post-Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism\\u000a was conducted with just fewer than 700 Thai undergraduate science students, before and after being taught the concepts, in\\u000a three academic years. For

Pattawan Narjaikaew; Narumon Emarat; Kwan Arayathanitkul; Bronwen Cowie

2010-01-01

283

What makes a difference? Various teaching strategies to reduce homophobia in university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine how effective lectures, discussion, small group problem-solving, explicit films, and a gay-lesbian panel might be in reducing homophobia. At five selected times during a human sexuality course, three instruments were administered measuring attitudes toward gays and lesbians, same-sex sexual and affectional behavior, and the self-esteem of student respondents. No one teaching strategy emerged as superior

Joel W. Wells

1991-01-01

284

Teaching ‘out’ in the university: an investigation into the effects of lesbian, bisexual, and transgender faculty self?disclosure upon student evaluations of faculty teaching effectiveness in the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) university faculty worry about the effects of self?disclosure in their professional lives. One concern is that self?disclosure as LGBT could result in negative evaluations of one’s teaching by students due to student bias against LGBT people. In order to investigate this concern, this study analysed student evaluations of three university faculty (one female

Todd Jennings

2010-01-01

285

Growing a garden without water: Graduate teaching assistants in introductory science laboratories at a doctoral/research university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) in the sciences are a common feature of U.S. universities that have a prominent mission of research. During the past 2 decades, increased attention has been paid to the professional development of GTAs as instructors. As a result, universities have created training programs to assist GTAs in selecting instructional methods, curricular formats, and assessments when they serve as laboratory, lecture, or discussion group instructors. Unfortunately, few studies explore the educational and instructional environment of GTAs in these reformed settings. This study was conducted to address this specific need. As a constructivist inquiry, qualitative methods were used to collect and analyze the data to elucidate the educational and instructional environment of science GTAs at a doctoral/research university in which various training programs existed. We found that GTAs worked autonomously, that traditional practices and curricula existed in laboratories, and that instructors frequently held limited views of undergraduates' abilities and motivation. Findings in this initial study about GTAs suggest that developers of GTA training programs draw on the literature regarding science teacher education, and that reward systems be instituted that recognize faculty and staff for their participation in GTA training programs.

Luft, Julie A.; Kurdziel, Josepha P.; Roehrig, Gillian H.; Turner, Jessica

2004-03-01

286

Creating and Sustaining a Teaching and Learning Professional Community at Seattle Pacific University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Seattle Pacific University strives for collaboration between Physics and Education Departments for a stronger teacher education program. This inter-departmental cooperation is believed to be integral to great STEM teacher preparation.

Seeley, Lane; Vokos, Stamatis

2007-09-20

287

Writing Centres, Writing Seminars, Writing Culture: Teaching Writing in Canadian Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose to present a poster that outlines what is happening (and has happened) in writing instruction in universities and colleges in Canada outside of Quebec. The poster (It may be previewed at this URL: http:\\/\\/publish.uwo.ca\\/~rgraves3\\/research_poster.pdf.) presents highlights from Writing Centres, Writing Seminars, Writing Culture: Writing Instruction in Anglo-Canadian Universities, a collection of essays by writing instructors and writing studies

Roger Graves; Heather Graves

2008-01-01

288

Teaching astronomy and astrophysics at the Valencian International University (VIU): Application and use of Virtual Observatory tools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Master, running at the Valencian International University (VIU, http://www.viu.es) since march 2010, is a clear example of how development of infor- mation and communication technologies (ICTs) and new e-learning methods are changing the traditional distance learning. In the context of the European Space for Higher Edu- cation (ESHE) we present how the Virtual Observatory (VO) tools can be an important part in the Astronomy and Astrophysics teaching. The described tasks has been carried out during the last three courses. These tasks are representative of the state of the art in Astrophysics research. We attach a description and a learning results list of each one of the presented tasks. The tasks can be downloaded at the Spanish VO website: http://svo.cab.inta-csic.es/docs/index.php?pagename=Education/VOcases

Diago, P. D.; Gutiérrez-Soto, J.; Ruiz, J. E.; Solano, E.

2013-05-01

289

Monitoring of adverse drug reactions associated with antihypertensive medicines at a university teaching hospital in New Delhi  

PubMed Central

Aim To monitor the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) caused by antihypertensive medicines prescribed in a university teaching hospital. Methods The present work was an open, non-comparative, observational study conducted on hypertensive patients attending the Medicine OPD of Majeedia Hospital, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India by conducting patient interviews and recording the data on ADR monitoring form as recommended by Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), Government of India. Results A total of 21 adverse drug reactions were observed in 192 hypertensive patients. Incidence of adverse drug reactions was found to be higher in patients more than 40?years in age, and females experienced more ADRs (n = 14, 7.29%) than males, 7 (3.64%). Combination therapy was associated with more number of adverse drug reactions (66.7%) as against monotherapy (33.3%). Calcium channel blockers were found to be the most frequently associated drugs with adverse drug reactions (n = 7), followed by diuretics (n = 5), and ?-blockers (n = 4). Among individual drugs, amlodipine was found to be the commonest drug associated with adverse drug reactions (n = 7), followed by torasemide (n = 3). Adverse drug reactions associated with central nervous system were found to be the most frequent (42.8%) followed by musculo-skeletal complaints (23.8%) and gastro-intestinal disorders (14.3%). Conclusions The present pharmacovigilance study represents the adverse drug reaction profile of the antihypertensive medicines prescribed in our university teaching hospital. The above findings would be useful for physicians in rational prescribing. Calcium channel blockers were found to be the most frequently associated drugs with adverse drug reactions.

2012-01-01

290

Experiences of Faculty of Color Teaching in a Predominantly White University: Fostering Interracial Relationships among Faculty of Color and White Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, I recount my experiences teaching elementary literacy methods courses and interacting with my racial Others--my White preservice teachers/students, senior faculty, and administrators at a predominantly White university in the rural Mountain West. Using an ethnographic approach (Emerson, Fretz, & Shaw, 1995), I analyzed students'…

Han, Keonghee Tao

2012-01-01

291

Public School-University Partnership and the Professional Development of Elementary School Teachers: Analyzing Some of the Impacts of a Long-Term Teaching and Learning Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a research project conducted by a Brazilian public university in partnership with an elementary school involved improving the quality of teaching and learning through an inservice teacher education program developed in the workplace. Project goals were to build a knowledge base of teachers' learning and professional…

Mizukami, Maria da Graca Nicoletti; Reali, Aline Maria de Medeiros Rodrigues; Reyes Claudia Raimundo; Lima, Emilia Freitas de; Tancredi, Regina Maria Simoes Puccinelli

292

The Link between Unit Size and Performance Quality Assessments of Teaching and Administrative Faculty: A Case Study of the Ariel University Center of Samaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the association between faculty and department size at the Ariel University Center, and assessment scores granted by students to members of the administrative and teaching staff. The main research question relates to any link between unit size and assessment scores. Furthermore, this study seeks an answer to the question of…

Davidovitch, Nitza; Soen, Dan

2010-01-01

293

The pattern of tooth loss due to dental caries and periodontal disease among patients attending dental department (OPD), Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital (KUTH), Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the type of tooth usually associated with extraction due to caries or periodontal disease and its relation to age at which these were lost, among patients attending dental surgery outpatient clinic, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital (KUTH). Materials and methods: A total no of 626 patients (male-299 and

C Upadhyaya; M Humagain

2009-01-01

294

Sketches of Innovators in Education: A Collection of Articles on Teaching with Technology by Indiana State University Faculty and Staff. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection contains the following articles on teaching with technology by faculty and staff at Indiana State University: (1) "Confessions of a Low-Tech Social Scientist" (James Schellenberg); (2) "The New Learning Curve: Creating Online Courses" (Faye Bradshaw); (3) "Practicing What We Preach: The Transformation of a Faculty Development…

Indiana State Univ., Terre Haute.

295

University of Wisconsin-Madison: School of Pharmacy: Resources for Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin's School of Pharmacy has crafted a series of resources for those seeking a thorough education in the pharmaceutical arts. These materials are from the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, which is based at the University. The site includes Book Excerpts, Pharmacy in History, and Apothecary's Cabinet. In Book Excerpts, interested parties can read thoughtful documents such as Foundations of Ethical Pharmacy Practice and Historical Hobbies for the Pharmacist. The Apothecary's Cabinet section of the site features wonderful articles from the Institute's in-house publication from 2000 to 2006. The articles here include A Note on Historical Plague Prevention and Pharmacy over the Moon.

296

Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Support and Teaching Efficacy in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate university faculty's perceptions of teaching support and their teaching efficacy in Taiwan. In addition, the relationship of perceived teaching support to faculty' teaching efficacy was examined. Questionnaires measuring three dimensions of teaching support and six dimensions of teaching efficacy were…

Chang, Te-Sheng; McKeachie, Wilbert; Lin, Yi-Guang

2010-01-01

297

A novel partnership of a school and a university: using the work of university students to enhance science teaching and to foster interest to technology in K-12 schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a novel partnership program with elementary schools aiming to enhance science teaching using wireless sensor network (WSN) technologies while at the same time enriching the university studentspsila curriculum in electrical engineering. The program is designed to provide simulated real-life experience on WSN product design. In collaboration with school teachers we have decided to apply WSNs, tiny measurement

Petri Mähönen; Elena Meshkova; Janne Riihijärvi

2008-01-01

298

Teaching Sustainable Entrepreneurship to Engineering Students: The Case of Delft University of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sustainability, enhancement of personal skills, social aspects of technology, management and entrepreneurship are of increasing concern for engineers and therefore for engineering education. In 1996 at Delft University of Technology this led to the introduction of a subject on sustainable entrepreneurship and technology in the course programmes…

Bonnet, Hans; Quist, Jaco; Hoogwater, Daan; Spaans, Johan; Wehrmann, Caroline

2006-01-01

299

University ESL Teachers' Socialization in School Workplace toward Teaching Culturally Diverse Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Employing interpretive theory, this study investigated 331 university ESL teachers' socialization in language programs for international students. Looking beyond teacher preparatory education, in-service teachers' workplace experiences are essential to study because experience is instrumental in the shaping of belief systems (Wu and Shaffer,…

Huang, Hsiang-Ling

2011-01-01

300

Infiltration of Austrian Economists Ideas into Teaching at Czech Universities before the Year 1989  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ideas of the founding fathers of the Austrian school and of their initial followers had influenced the development of the Czech economic thought very strongly before 1948. After this year the tradition was forcibly interrupted, but it had not been dismantled completely. Students of some Czech Universities could obtain information on the existence of Austrian school in courses of

Jitka Koderová

2006-01-01

301

The Blue Book for Members of the Teaching Staff. Wesleyan University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1975-76 faculty handbook for Wesleyan University covers: (1) the charter; (2) college body constitution; (3) academic standards; (4) academic freedom; (5) tenure; (6) student rights; (7) academic regulations; (8) faculty benefits; (9) insurance programs; (10) sabbatical leave and leaves of absence; (11) student privileges; (12) tuition…

Wesleyan Univ., Middletown, CT.

302

TEACHING LITERATURE IN GRADES SEVEN THROUGH NINE. INDIANA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH CURRICULUM STUDY SERIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE INDIANA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH CURRICULUM STUDY CENTER CREATED A SEQUENTIAL COURSE OF STUDY IN LITERATURE FOR GRADES SEVEN THROUGH NINE. A BASIC POETRY SEQUENCE, FOCUSING ON STUDENT RESPONSE TO POETRY, EMPHASIZES SOUND AND STORY IN GRADE SEVEN, IMAGE OR PICTURE IN GRADE EIGHT, AND METAPHOR AND TONE IN GRADE NINE. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DRAMA…

HAWLEY, JANE STOUDER; JENKINSON, EDWARD B.

303

University Professors' Stress and Perceived State of Health in Relation to Teaching Schedules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: The aim of this research is to analyze the influence of time management, particularly in connection with university teachers' assigned class hours, on psychosocial factors relating to perceived health and stress symptoms. Special attention is given to the effect of very early and very late class hours. Method: The sample comprised…

Cladellas, Ramon; Castello, Antoni

2011-01-01

304

Teaching and Fostering Information Literacy Programmes: A Survey of Five University Libraries in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information Literacy (IL) is recognized around the world as an essential skill for the information society. The aim of the paper is to examine the various information literacy practices in university libraries in Africa, to identify the barriers facing IL programmes in Africa, and to provide suggestions on how best to improve IL practices. A…

Baro, Emmanuel E.; Keboh, Tarela

2012-01-01

305

TEACHING LITERATURE IN GRADES SEVEN THROUGH NINE. INDIANA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH CURRICULUM STUDY SERIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE INDIANA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH CURRICULUM STUDY CENTER CREATED A SEQUENTIAL COURSE OF STUDY IN LITERATURE FOR GRADES SEVEN THROUGH NINE. A BASIC POETRY SEQUENCE, FOCUSING ON STUDENT RESPONSE TO POETRY, EMPHASIZES SOUND AND STORY IN GRADE SEVEN, IMAGE OR PICTURE IN GRADE EIGHT, AND METAPHOR AND TONE IN GRADE NINE. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DRAMA…

HAWLEY, JANE STOUDER; JENKINSON, EDWARD B.

306

Teaching Political Science in a Turkish University: The Experience of a Fulbright Lecturer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The personal frustrations and difficulties of an American political science professor who spent a year as a Fulbright lecturer at the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara are described. Keeping busy helped. He spent much time merely surviving; for example, shopping for enough food became a daily affair because of the lack of…

Gunter, Michael M.

307

Teaching Hypothesis-Oriented Thinking to Medical Students: The University of Florida's Clinical Investigation Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes student-led research projects conducted at the University of Florida's General Clinical Research Center. First-year medical and M.D.-Ph.D. students collaborate on a hypothesis-driven experiment involving students as volunteer subjects and investigators. Feedback indicates students find the program useful and that it encourages pursuit…

Stacpoole, Peter W.; Fisher, Waldo R.; Flotte, Terence R.; Geiser, Edward A.; Theriaque, Douglas W.; Hutson, Alan D.

2001-01-01

308

Using Personnel Evaluation To Focus on the Development of Teaching Skills: Faculty Ideas and University Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role of the personnel evaluation process in improving the performance of teachers as classroom communicators is explored by contrasting the personnel evaluation system of Alaska Pacific University (APU) with that of the Anchorage School District (Alaska). While the APU system offers little specification for formative evaluation activities,…

O'Leary, Neil; Fenton, Ray

309

Seven day Lanzarote adventure: seven innovations in university learning and teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

An annual residential field course in Lanzarote, Canary Islands, gives university students of Environmental Science, Adventure Education, and Primary Science Education diverse opportunities for deep learning that challenges and motivates. Comments from students range from 'the best chemistry lesson ever' to 'life-changing'. Here I reflect on seven strengths from the student experience: (1) Our goal is for students to learn

Duncan Reavey

2010-01-01

310

Teaching sustainable entrepreneurship to engineering students: the case of Delft University of Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainability, enhancement of personal skills, social aspects of technology, management and entrepreneurship are of increasing concern for engineers and therefore for engineering education. In 1996 at Delft University of Technology this led to the introduction of a subject on sustainable entrepreneurship and technology in the course programmes of Chemical Engineering and Materials Sciences Engineering. This subject combines lectures, project work

Hans Bonnet; Jaco Quist; Daan Hoogwater; Johan Spaans; Caroline Wehrmann

2006-01-01

311

Developing a Multimedia Package for University Teaching and Learning--Lessons Learnt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A team of staff at the University of Western Sydney (UWS) were involved in developing a multimedia package, called Sustainable Water Use in Agriculture (SWAG), to assist the first and second year students to learn about the use, management and conservation of water in agriculture. A range of media techniques including text, sound, diagrams,…

Maheshwari, B.

2011-01-01

312

Teaching Computer Languages and Elementary Theory for Mixed Audiences at University Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theoretical issues of computer science are traditionally taught in a way that presupposes a solid mathematical background and are usually considered more or less inaccessible for students without this. An effective methodology is described which has been developed for a target group of university students with different backgrounds such as natural…

Christiansen, Henning

2004-01-01

313

Teaching and Learning Participation in the College of Agriculture at Razi University, Iran  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The system of education in agriculture in Iran has not been effective enough in its provision of human resources to facilitate substantial changes in rural areas over the last few decades. This paper explores the challenges to the staff in the College of Agriculture at Razi University in introducing an alternative educational programme. Methods…

Hamdhaidari, Shokrollah; Agahi, Hossein; Papzan, Abdul-Hamid

2007-01-01

314

Teaching and Learning Participation in the College of Agriculture at Razi University, Iran  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The system of education in agriculture in Iran has not been effective enough in its provision of human resources to facilitate substantial changes in rural areas over the last few decades. This paper explores the challenges to the staff in the College of Agriculture at Razi University in introducing an alternative educational programme. Methods of…

Hamdhaidari, Shokrollah; Agahi, Hossein; Papzan, Abdul-Hamid

2007-01-01

315

Teaching research methods for doctoral students in education: learning to enquire in the university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores research methodology courses and their potential impact on the doctoral process in one university in Spain. Specifically, it analyses the role and usefulness of research methodologies courses for students as they prepare for their dissertation work. Data were collected using semi?structured interviews with 11 students. Syllabi from five different doctoral programmes and 54 educational research projects conducted

Jose M. Coronel Llamas; Ángel Boza

2011-01-01

316

"Venturing in Education": Teaching at the University of Chicago's Laboratory School, 1896-1904  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1896, John Dewey opened the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago. While much is known about this legendary school and its founder, the teachers whose daily work brought the school to life remain mostly anonymous. This essay attempts to remedy this historical invisibility by investigating four of the Laboratory School teachers--Anna…

Durst, Anne

2010-01-01

317

Teaching Together: School/University Collaboration To Improve Social Studies Education. NCSS Bulletin 98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin, a collection of essays, provides preservice, beginning, and experienced social studies teachers with provocative ideas for and a realistic look at the challenges of developing curriculum through collaboration between elementary/secondary teachers and university professors. The book begins with an introductory essay by the editors.…

Christenson, Mary, Ed.; Johnston, Marilyn, Ed.; Norris, Jim, Ed.

318

A Proven Method for Cooperative Teaching Model between Universities and Public School Partnership Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A partnership was developed between the Bozeman (Montana) Public School District (BPSD) and the Montana State University (MSU) College of Education, Health, and Human Development. The purpose of the partnership was to foster collaboration between the two groups to improve the quality of K-12 education in the Bozeman District and to improve the…

Herbster, Douglas L.; And Others

319

Students' Pre-Knowledge as a Guideline in the Teaching of Introductory Thermal Physics at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study concentrates on analysing university students' pre-knowledge of thermal physics. The students' understanding of the basic concepts and of the adiabatic compression of an ideal gas was studied at the start of an introductory level course. A total of 48 students participated in a paper-and-pencil test, and analysis of the responses…

Leinonen, Risto; Rasanen, Esa; Asikainen, Mervi; Hirvonen, Pekka E.

2009-01-01

320

Improving Teaching and Learning in a Regional University Campus through a Focus on the Affective Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the research process undertaken in a pilot study conducted at the University of South Australia's Centre for Regional Engagement (CRE), and reports the feedback collected in relation to this process and the project overall. Academic staff and students from CRE's two sites located in the rural and regional cities of Whyalla…

Sawyer, Janet; Zianian, Tahereh; Evans, Nina; Gillham, David

2012-01-01

321

Teaching of the Holocaust as Part of a University's Catholic Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article sketches the development of the National Catholic Center for Holocaust Education, Seton Hill University, Greensburg, PA. It does so with broad strokes, which paint a picture of the program of the Center within the context of ecclesial and papal activities and documents. The article describes how the Center entered into dialogue with…

Del Duca, Gemma

2011-01-01

322

Teaching and Learning Strategies That Promote Access, Equity, and Excellence in University Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students from minority groups in the United States, Canada, and Tanzania were asked how they could be helped to learn effectively in a university mainstream culture. Eleven groups of undergraduate students and six groups of graduate students were involved in the study over 7 years, with the number of students per group ranging from 11 and…

Mushi, Selina L. P.

323

Civic Engagement and Task Force Teaching: Integrating the Veterans History Project into the University Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The semester of fall 2004 presented a challenge to the History Department of the University of Nebraska at Kearney (UNK). A Nebraska state senator contacted the department and inquired about the authors' willingness to become involved in the congressional Veterans History Project. The usual call went out to the department and they considered a…

Davis, Roger; Ellis, Mark R.; Van Ingen, Linda

2009-01-01

324

Students’ Evaluations of University Teaching: Chinese Version of the Students’ Evaluations of Educational Quality Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the applicability of a Chinese translation of the Students’ Evaluations of Educational Quality (SEEQ) and explores the generality of selected findings based on North American research to the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Students (N = 844) selected a \\

Herbert W. Marsh; Kit-Tai Hau; Choi-Man Chung; Teresa L. P. Siu

1997-01-01

325

Students' Pre-Knowledge as a Guideline in the Teaching of Introductory Thermal Physics at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study concentrates on analysing university students' pre-knowledge of thermal physics. The students' understanding of the basic concepts and of the adiabatic compression of an ideal gas was studied at the start of an introductory level course. A total of 48 students participated in a paper-and-pencil test, and analysis of the responses…

Leinonen, Risto; Rasanen, Esa; Asikainen, Mervi; Hirvonen, Pekka E.

2009-01-01

326

An analysis of teaching workload policy at public doctoral and research universities in the engineering and engineering technology disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Faculty productivity can be affected by an university's or department's workload policy. To date, little research has been performed on the subject of faculty workload policy in the engineering and engineering technology disciplines at public doctoral and research universities. Consequently, the purposes of this study are as follows: (1) to gain an understanding of the workload policies associated with the engineering and engineering technology disciplines at public doctoral and research universities, (2) to determine the extent by which such policies have provisions for reducing or increasing course load, and (3) to determine administrator and faculty preference for the inclusion of "flexible elements" in a policy, and if such preference can be linked to various demographic, career, and research related attributes. A number of literature sources were consulted in an effort to obtain the background needed for this study including ERIC documents, periodical literature, past dissertations, and books. In addition, the literature section contains information reflecting analyses performed on data retrieved from the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. Three types of data were collected for the study: (1) surveys, (2) documented workload policies, and (3) case study interviews. The data were obtained from public doctoral and research universities which have engineering and engineering technology programs accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. As a result of the study, it was determined that the majority of public doctoral and research universities have written workload policies at either the university level or at the department level. Unwritten policies also exist, but for many institutions, classification of the policies by the deans and chairs differ. The majority of workload policies contain provisions for reducing course load, however, only a small percentage of the policies contain provisions for increasing course load. The frequency of use of reduced course load provisions is greater than the frequency of use of increased course load provisions. Research results indicate that administrators and faculty desire workload policies which contain "flexible elements." In addition, a substantial percentage of faculty stated that they would prefer to teach a greater load for a stated period of time in lieu of performing advisement, research, or service.

Ellis, Deborah Rindfuss

327

Teaching Backpacking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A backpacking course offered at the Pennsylvania State University teaches safety and proper use of equipment. This well planned course resulted in an appreciation for the outdoors, ecological awareness, self-reliance, and attainment of new experiences and skills. (CJ)

Felton, Harry F.

1980-01-01

328

Cosmogony (the origin of planetary systems) and the case for teaching it at university  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cosmogony, unlike its bigger brother Cosmology, concerns the origin of planets, and not the Universe as a whole. As such, it is a much more relevant subject to the student of physics and astronomy. Living as we do on a fairly typical terrestrial planet, we, as inquiring scientists, must often wonder where our home came from. It is a short step from this general interest to questions concerning the similarities and differences between Earth and nearby Moon, Venus, Mercury and Mars, and the differences between our Sun's solar system and the planets that have recently been found around other stars. Few topics in astronomy lend themselves better to the detailed analysis and interpretation of physical observations, in the hope of answering the two big questions: 'how common are Earth-like planets, and do they have university physics departments?' and 'are other planetary systems similar to ours and, if not, why not?'

Hughes, David W.

2003-05-01

329

A Catalyst for Teaching Critical Thinking in a Large University Class in Taiwan: Asynchronous Online Discussions with the Facilitation of Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was designed to investigate the effects of teaching critical thinking skills (CTS) in a large class through asynchronous discussion forums (ADFs) with the facilitation of teaching assistants. A pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design with a comparison group was employed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The…

Yang, Ya-Ting C.

2008-01-01

330

A Catalyst for Teaching Critical Thinking in a Large University Class in Taiwan: Asynchronous Online Discussions with the Facilitation of Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the effects of teaching critical thinking skills (CTS) in a large class through asynchronous discussion forums (ADFs) with the facilitation of teaching assistants. A pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design with a comparison group was employed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The…

Yang, Ya-Ting C.

2008-01-01

331

University of Washington and partners' program to teach middle school students about neuroscience and science careers.  

PubMed

The Making Connections, Making Choices program is a multidisciplinary, neuroscience-focused project aimed at middle-school students and teachers primarily throughout Washington State and also across the country. The three components--the Summer Institute (for teacher training), the Brain Power Van (to visit schools and provide neuroscience education), and the speakers' bureau (to train clinicians and researchers to provide effective class-room and public talks and to schedule engagements)--work together to foster enriching, interactive science education experiences for students and teachers. The program has been funded by the National Center for Research Resources at the National Institutes of Health since 1991. Each year the aspect of it described in this article reaches 30-35 schools, with a total of more than 1,000 students and 80 teachers, plus another 30-40 teachers each summer. The program seeks to (1) enhance middle-school students' science knowledge, (2) help science teachers improve their science knowledge and teaching, (3) increase understanding and appreciation of biomedical research, (4) increase understanding of why animals are used in research, and (5) promote students' interest in science careers, especially the interest of students from groups underrepresented in science. Periodic evaluations showed that students exposed to the program scored higher on tests of neuroscience knowledge and had more interest in health science careers than did control groups of non-exposed students. The authors argue an important aspect of the program is that it has a broad focus and is multidisciplinary. PMID:10219198

Cunningham, S L; Kunselman, M M

1999-04-01

332

Assessing the efficacy of a peer education model in teaching breast self-examination to university students.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a peer education model in teaching breast self-examination to a late adolescence female student group attending the second class of Buca Educational Faculty of Dokuz Eylül University (DEU). A total of 15 volunteer students were given the breast self-examination training programme by a researcher and thereby became qualified as peer educators. Each then reached 10 peers and conveyed information on the Breast-Self Examination Programme. The identification forms of the students were filled out by the researcher. Evaluation forms I and II developed by Maurer (1997) for regular BSE practice and skills were used and evaluated with 100 points. The "paired t-test", "Student's t-test", "McNemar test", and "Pearson correlation test" were employed to for statistical assessment. According to the evaluation results; while the students's average point of knowledge on BSE was 43.0 +/- 11.7 before training, it became 88.9 +/- 8.15 after a week, and 86.9 +/- 9.69 after four weeks. It was obvious that there was a meaningful difference between those knowledge rates (p<0,05). Similarly while the ratio of systematic practice of BSE among students was 2.6% before training it increased to 66% (p<0.05). Additionally, the average point of the students BSE practice skills became 91.5 +/- 7.25 at four weeks after the training with a significant increase as well (r=0,70). Therefore we conclude that the peer education model is an effective method for teaching breast self examination to students. PMID:18260715

Malak, Arzu Tuna; Dicle, Aklime

333

Teaching of astrophysics at the University of Bucharest, Romania, in the last 50 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the University of Bucharest, by tradition, Astronomy was developed within the Department of Mechanics dominated by outstanding mathematicians. From this reason, for a long time, Astronomy was sustained mainly in the Faculty of Mathematics. Some lectures were given in the Faculty of Physics, too. After 1990, the astrophysics became a systematic course at the Faculty of Physics, and gradually the number of topics studied increased. In a relatively short time, reasonably good results were obtained, being now involved in many international cooperations in astrophysics, giving master degree in astrophysics to the Romanian students. During this time the Faculty of Physics of Bucharest University was and still is involved in many European programs, like TEMPUS and ERASMUS/SOCRATES (with: France, Germany, Italy, Greece) and with other countries, as USA or Australia, on specific fields of astrophysics. The Faculty organized for the first time the observation of a total solar eclipse (TSE 1999), when it hosted the 24-th ISYA Summer School. We would like to emphasize here the main aspects of those activities, and their perspectives for the next future.

Rusu, Mircea; Stavinschi, Magda

2007-03-01

334

Teaching professional development of science and engineering professors at a research-extensive university: Motivations, meaningfulness, obstacles, and effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a national movement to improve undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Given the percentage of academics teaching and training at research institutions, there is a parallel movement to improve the quality of teaching-focused professional development for practicing and future STEM educators at these institutions. While research into the effectiveness of teaching professional development at the postsecondary

Jana Bouwma-Gearhart

2008-01-01

335

Teaching Psychology in Estonia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the experience of teaching psychology at Tartu University and Tallinn Pedagogical University in Estonia. Discusses the lessons learned by teaching in Estonia and applies those lessons to teaching psychology in the United States, focusing on the benefits teachers reap when they become more aware of themselves and their audiences. (CMK)|

White, Lawrence T.; Ransdell, Sarah

2000-01-01

336

[The concept of the organ, as a hierarchal unit of human body, and its place in teaching histology at the medical university and medical college].  

PubMed

This paper deals with the methodological aspects of teaching histology at the medical university and medical college. The authors raise the issue of the necessity of teaching of the topic "Introduction to Special Histology" and the inclusion of the appropriate chapter into the textbooks. This is important for the students, as the formation of the general concepts of organ structure and function, components, and classification will aid in the further study of specific organs during the course of Special Histology. The authors describe their own experience in teaching of the section, dedicated to the general regularities of organ structure, present some definitions and classifications that are used by them for a number of years. PMID:21954715

Miadelets, O D; Miadelets, N Ia; Miadelets, V O

2011-01-01

337

Current Microbial Isolates from Wound Swabs, Their Culture and Sensitivity Pattern at the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Wound infections continue to be problematic in clinical practice where empiric treatment of infections is routine. Objectives: A retrospective cross-sectional study to determine the current causative organisms of wound infections and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in the Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital (NDUTH), Okolobiri, Bayelsa State of Nigeria. Methods: Records of wound swabs collected from 101 patients with high suspicion of wound infection were analysed. Smears from the wound swabs were inoculated on appropriate media and cultured. Bacterial colonies were Gram stained and microscopically examined. Biochemical tests were done to identify pathogen species. The Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was used for antibiotic testing. Results: Prevalence of wound infection was 86.13% (CI: 79.41–92.85). Most bacteria were Gram negative bacilli with Pseudomonas aeruginosa being the most prevalent pathogen isolated. The bacterial isolates exhibited a high degree of resistance to the antibiotics tested (42.8% to 100% resistance). All isolates were resistant to cloxacillin. Age group and sex did not exert any effect on prevalence, aetiological agent or antimicrobial resistance pattern. Conclusion: We suggest a multidisciplinary approach to wound management, routine microbiological surveillance of wounds, rational drug use and the institution of strong infection control policies.

Pondei, Kemebradikumo; Fente, Beleudanyo G.; Oladapo, Oluwatoyosi

2013-01-01

338

Surgical site infection prevention: a survey to identify the gap between evidence and practice in University of Toronto teaching hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background A gap exists between the best evidence and practice with regards to surgical site infection (SSI) prevention. Awareness of evidence is the first step in knowledge translation. Methods A web-based survey was distributed to 59 general surgeons and 68 residents at University of Toronto teaching hospitals. Five domains pertaining to SSI prevention with questions addressing knowledge of prevention strategies, efficacy of antibiotics, strategies for changing practice and barriers to implementation of SSI prevention strategies were investigated. Results Seventy-six individuals (60%) responded. More than 90% of respondents stated there was evidence for antibiotic prophylaxis and perioperative normothermia and reported use of these strategies. There was a discrepancy in the perceived evidence for and the self-reported use of perioperative hyperoxia, omission of hair removal and bowel preparation. Eighty-three percent of respondents felt that consulting published guidelines is important in making decisions regarding antibiotics. There was also a discrepancy between what respondents felt were important strategies to ensure timely administration of antibiotics and what strategies were in place. Checklists, standardized orders, protocols and formal surveillance programs were rated most highly by 75%–90% of respondents, but less than 50% stated that these strategies were in place at their institutions. Conclusion Broad-reaching initiatives that increase surgeon and trainee awareness and implementation of multifaceted hospital strategies that engage residents and attending surgeons are needed to change practice.

Eskicioglu, Cagla; Gagliardi, Anna R.; Fenech, Darlene S.; Forbes, Shawn S.; McKenzie, Marg; McLeod, Robin S.; Nathens, Avery B.

2012-01-01

339

Applying principles from "Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians" to teaching chemistry in the department of medicine at Chang Gung University.  

PubMed

Similar to the current trends in America that were recognized by the Association of American Medical College and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in their 2009 report titled "Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians," Taiwanese medical students are lacking in their ability to apply their knowledge of basic sciences to real-life situations. The report recommended developing a competency-based approach to learning and also called for an increase in integrated and interdisciplinary courses in the education of medical students. Such a class, which would encourage students to look at biological concepts through chemical and physical principles, has been developed at Chang Gung University, and it strives to develop the medical student's ability to work in groups, think critically, and clearly and convincingly present ideas. The course requires students to present biological topics in groups after working closely with a teacher, and it trains the students to identify useful and trustworthy sources, to constructively criticize each other, and work together to present a cohesive and informative presentation for their peers. From my teaching experience, classes such as this have led me to conclude that the teacher's role does not simply encompass that of the informant, but also the facilitator of the academic success of the students, and this has led me to create certain class policies for teachers that help students of any field success in class. PMID:22301012

Lou, Bih-Show

2012-01-09

340

Integrating research & teaching: the Queen Mary, University of London module in Geodiversity & Geoconservation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The School of Geography at Queen Mary, University of London has been running a Level 6 (undergraduate) module in "Geodiversity & Geoconservation" since 2004. The course is based around the book Geodiversity: valuing and conserving abiotic nature (John Wiley, 2004) but lectures are used to update each topic based on the latest research. The course is divided into 5 parts: 1. Defining and describing geodiversity - which discusses the concept of geodiversity, its definition and the nature of the geodiversity of Planet Earth; 2. Values of, and threats to, geodiversity - a lecture on valuing geodiversity is now based around important research on the role of geodiversity in "ecosystem services" assessments. A second lecture covers the major threats to geodiversity; 3. The protected area approach - lectures here cover geological World Heritage Sites, Global Geoparks, GSSPs, and national geoconservation systems in the UK, USA and other parts of the world; 4. Protecting geodiversity in the wider landscape - the contribution of geology and geomorphology to landscape character are described, together with the role of land-use planning and policy-making in protecting geodiversity. 5. Putting it all together - lectures here emphasize that geodiversity is an important basis for geoconservation, that different geoconservation methods are appropriate to different elements of geodiversity, and that integrated geo/bio conservation is essential. A field trip to three Chalk/Quaternary Sites of Special Scientific Interest in East Sussex is included which discusses some of the planning issues that have arisen at these sites, a theme that is expanded in the lectures.

Gray, M.

2012-04-01

341

Changes in Outcome during Implementation of a Fast-Track Colonic Surgery Project in a University-Affiliated General Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether changes can be accomplished rapidly after implementing a fast-track colonic surgery project at a university-affiliated general teaching hospital. Methods: In 2004 and 2005 all colonic surgery patients were recorded for a number of pre-, per- and postoperative care elements. In 2006, during the implementation of a fast-track program,

K. J. C. Jottard; C. van Berlo; L. Jeuken; C. Dejong

2008-01-01

342

Teachers Learning to Teach Science by Doing Science at the University of Arizona  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many departments across the College of Science at the University of Arizona provide the opportunity for teachers to do original scientific research. These programs either provide skills and curriculum that can be translated into the classroom or include direct participation by K-12 students with their teachers. This paper introduces three of the many unique programs that UA offers for teacher professional development. The College of Science offers a teacher professional development course to accompany a public lecture series that runs each semester on a different topic of current social and scientific interest. During the Spring 2006 semester, the series subject was evolution, with attendance at each lecture running in excess of 600. This fall, the topic is climate change. In addition to attending lectures and participating in group discussions with the speakers, the teachers conduct research into regional climate change using the Western Regional Climate Center's publicly available, web-hosted climate data. The teachers brainstorm about possible influences on the data other than anthropogenic alteration of atmospheric composition, and control for these influences in their experimental design as best they can. Such influences might include urbanization, instrumental change, and natural variability. The College of Science is developing collaborations with community partners, including a local high school science magnet and a high school in the Galapagos Islands. Among several programs created in partnership with Tucson High School, Science and Nature in Tandem for Youth (SANITY) brings science teachers and students to the Southwest Research Station to conduct ecological research of their own design including the investigation of the effects of drought and other physical factors on the biosphere. The Southwest Research Station is located in the Chiricahua Mountains, one of the so-called "sky islands" and a crucial cradle of biodiversity vulnerable to the effects of climate change and other human impacts. Each year, teachers from across the USA spend a month in the Galapagos Islands working with a local high school and doing their own research projects. This year the high school chose to study the effects of sewage dumped into the bay on plankton. Challenges related to working in a developing nation are discussed.

Mangin, K. L.; Thompson, R. M.; Wilch, M.

2006-12-01

343

Assessing the Impact of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University teaching can have a positive impact, a negative impact, or no impact. This article describes indicators of the impact of university teaching at the unit level. Teaching-impact indicators can be organized by the main beneficiary of the teaching: students; others, such as employers and clients, who interact with the students; the…

Malouff, John M.; Schutte, Nicola S.; Rooke, Sally E.

2008-01-01

344

Union Power for Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teaching Assistants Association (TAA) is a labor union representing the graduate students who teach most of the University of Wisconsin and the University of Michigan freshman and sophomore courses. (Author/PG)

Mitzman, Barry

1975-01-01

345

Increasing Trends of Diabetes Mellitus and Body Weight: A Ten Year Observation at Gondar University Teaching Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Diabetes mellitus is becoming one of the major causes of premature adult mortality in developing countries. However, there is a very little documentation of the morbidity trend in such countries. Objective To assess the ten-year trend of diabetes mellitus at Gondar University Teaching Referral Hospital, northwest Ethiopia. Methods A hospital-based retrospective record review was done at the main referral hospital in northwest Ethiopia. Data were obtained from medical records of all registered diabetic patients in the Diabetic Follow up Clinic between 2000 and 2009. An Extended Mantel-Haenzel chi-square test for the linear trend was used to examine the trend over time. Result Out of the total 354,524 patients who visited the Outpatient Department of the hospital during the study period, 1553 (4.4/1000) were diabetes patients, of which 50.1% was type 1 and 49.9% type 2 diabetes mellitus. The average increase in the proportion of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus cases between 2000 and 2009 was 125%. The mean (±SD) age for Type 1 diabetes mellitus was 29.1 (±12), and 53.5 (±12) for Type 2 diabetes. Overall 42.5% of the diabetes mellitus patients were female and 31.7% were rural residents. The mean body mass index for both type of diabetes mellitus increased from 15.9 to 18.3 kg for type 1 and from 23.8 to 24.6 for type 2 between 2000 and 2009, respectively. Conclusion The number of diabetes mellitus cases seen at Gondar Referral Hospital is rising steadily. A comprehensive diabetes prevention, treatment, and care program is needed to improve the quality of life of the increasing diabetes mellitus cases in Ethiopia.

Abebe, Solomon Mekonnen; Berhane, Yemane; Worku, Alemayehu; Alemu, Shitay

2013-01-01

346

Social constructivist teaching methods in Australian universities – reported uptake and perceived learning effects: a survey of lecturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pragmatic social constructivist teaching methods require students to construct knowledge by engaging collaboratively with realistic problems, cases or projects. It is hypothesised that they are more effective than traditional didactic teaching methods in developing undergraduate students’: (1) theoretical knowledge; (2) profession?specific skills; and (3) knowledge creation capacity. Results of a survey show the second and third learning effects to be

James M. Hanson; Kenneth E. Sinclair

2008-01-01

347

Teaching and Research Nexuses across Faculty Career Stage, Ability and Affiliated Discipline in a South Korean Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between teaching and research is a controversial issue in higher education research. Many empirical studies have reported a near zero relationship although academics believe that teaching and research are related in diverse ways. This study focused on how the relationship differs by faculty characteristics (career stage and their…

Shin, Jung Cheol

2011-01-01

348

Original Contribution IMPLEMENTING INTERACTIVE METHODS OF TEACHING IN TRAINING OF NURSES AT TRAKIA UNIVERSITY, BULGARIA - AN EMPIRICAL STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social and economic changes and the ongoing health care reform in Bulgaria demand new professionalism of nurses. The undergraduate education is challenged to produce a new kind of nurse. Innovative methods of teaching are needed for achieving this goal. Purpose: Aim of the study is to analyse the impact of implementing interactive methods of teaching on the knowledge, attitude

B. Tornyova; S. Dimitrov

2006-01-01

349

Teaching Colleges and Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was not that long ago that I was in the position that you are currently in, trying to decide what career path I wanted to pursue. Upon graduating with my Ph.D. in biomedical engineering, did I want to pursue a career in industry? Was a career working at an intellectual property law firm for me? Or did I want

Maria E. Squire

350

[The rearrangement of the medical faculty and the teaching of the medicine in the era of the reforms. The plan of the medical studies in the "restored" university of Cagliari and Sassari (1764-1766)].  

PubMed

In the same decade during which Vienna government was proceeding to the rearrangement of the Medical Faculty of the University of Pavia, Savoy government started the reform of Cagliari and Sassari Universities. The programme of medical studies to be introduced in the "restored" Universities aroused an important debate which involved the government of Turin, the local authorities and the Magistrature. The main points concerned the teachings to be started, the programmes and the texts to be adopted, the methods and contents of teaching. The range of ideas aiming to conform island medical Faculties to the progress of science, gave life to the critique of a teaching model, still ruled by the Galenic authority and by metaphysical etiological explanations, which ignored the physiological and pathological reality revealed by the anatomical study methodically on performed corpses. The new programme of studies admitted the teaching of surgery, which had completely disappeared in the university ruled by Jesuites, and increased the value of anatomy teaching, that will be chosen as a subject for the speech made during the solemn opening of the medical Faculty of Sassari in 1765. The need for an empirical testing which had to follow theorical studies in wards, where teachers had to give lessons at patients' bedside, was considered of such importance that it was codified in the Regulations of the reformed University. It was the very first step towards the welding between medical-surgical studies and nosocomial practice which was about to revolutionize the teaching framework of medical studies. PMID:16240534

Tognotti, Eugenia

2004-01-01

351

How to Develop a Core Curriculum in Clinical Skills for Undergraduate Medical Teaching in the School of Medical Sciences at Universiti Sains Malaysia?  

PubMed Central

Clinical skills program as a laboratory method is a valuable adjunct to other forms of undergraduate medical training. This article describes the process of developing a core curriculum in clinical skills based on the Dundee model for a clinical skills centre. The School of Medical Sciences, in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) has been provided with a well equipped skills centre. However, the PBL curriculum in the undergraduate medical program in the school needs to be integrated with a clinical skills lab program. This is to counter the general feeling that the contribution of PBL is insignificant in terms of building clinical competency in an integrated system such as that used in USM compared to the traditional curriculi of other medical teaching institutions in Malaysia. Integrating clinical skills laboratory training with the PBL curriculum will provide evidence of PBL as an effective and innovative method for teaching and learning in Malaysia.

Hassan, Shahid

2007-01-01

352

A Staff-Centred Approach to Enhancing First Year Learning and Teaching at the University of New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a staff-centred approach to enhancing first year learning and teaching at UNSW. The initiative provides opportunities for a First Year Coordinators Network to attend workshops and develop \\

Stephanie Wilson

353

Campus Disconnect: Academic Libraries and the Information Needs, Skills, and Behaviors of Non-Teaching University Staff  

Microsoft Academic Search

effort to reach non-teaching staff at their institution. Many of these non-teaching staff work in information-intensive positions and wield significant influence on campus. Some play a major role in advising students on information and other needs, while others are high-level administrators who make significant decisions that affect the direction of the institution as a whole and, by extension, the library.

Cara Bradley

354

Pattern of paediatric corneal laceration injuries in the University of port Harcourt teaching hospital, Rivers state, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background Corneal lacerations mostly affect younger children, commonly males, who will constitute the majority of the workforce. Clinical outcomes are reviewed and compared so that measures to reduce their occurrence and improve outcome can be proffered. Methods Records of all children between the ages of 1-18?yrs, who presented with penetrating eye injuries at the eye clinic of the University of Port Harcourt teaching Hospital, Rivers state, Nigeria between January 2002 and December 2009 were included. Information retrieved -patient’s Bio data, presenting symptoms, presenting visual acuity (VA), source of injury, surgical intervention and outcome using VA. All data analysed with EPI Info version 6 with the aid of a statistician. Results Folders of thirty-six children (36 eyes) between the ages of 0–18?years diagnosed with corneal laceration over a period of 8?years out of 65 cases managed within that period available. Other folders reported as missing. Male female ratio 3:1, the mean age is 8.7?years (SD?±?3.67). Only one presented within 24?hours. Objects causing injury mainly missiles with stones/catapult injuries (n?=?8, 22.2%). Presenting VAs in those that could be measured, ranged from 6/24 to 6/60 (n?=?4, 11%) to no light perception (NLP) (n?=?5, 13.9%). Associated injuries include lid laceration, cataract, vitreous haemorrhage and retinal detachment. Twenty one patients had primary corneal repair (58.3%) carried out within 7?days of presentation. Four had endophthalmitis. After 3?months follow up, VA of 6/60 and better was achieved in 11 of 18 eyes left in follow up (6/60-6/24 in 8 eyes (22.2%), 6/18 and better in 3 eyes (8.3%). Conclusion Most eye injuries in children are preventable. In this study, the prognosis was better in those whose injuries were confined to a peripheral part of the cornea, with no other associated injury, who presented within 5?days and who did not have any intraocular infection at the time of presentation. The importance of health education, adult supervision of play and application of appropriate measures that is necessary for reducing the incidence and severity of trauma is emphasized.

2012-01-01

355

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency among children attending the Emergency Paediatric Unit of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is one of the most common human enzyme deficiencies in the world. It is particularly common in populations living in malaria-endemic areas, affecting more than 400 million people worldwide. This present study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of G6PD deficiency among children visiting the Emergency Paediatric Unit of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital for pediatric-related care. The study included 118 children, made up of 77 (65.3%) males and 41 (34.7%) females aged ?5 years with mean age of 3.26 ± 1.90 years. Randox G6PD quantitative in vitro test screening was used for the diagnosis of G6PD deficiency. Of the 118 children tested, 17 (14.4%) were G6PD-deficient. Prevalence of G6PD deficiency was concentrated predominantly among male children (22.1%). Male sex was significantly correlated with G6PD deficiency among the children studied (r = 7.85, P = 0.01). The highest prevalence occurred among children in the 2- to 5-year age-group. Of the 17 G6PD-deficient children, twelve (70.2%) were moderately deficient, while five (29.4%) were severely deficient. Blood film from G6PD-deficient children indicated the following morphological changes; Heinz bodies, schistocytes, target cells, nucleated red cells, spherocytes, and polychromasia. This present study has shown a high prevalence of G6PD deficiency among children residing in Sokoto in the northwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The study indicated a male sex bias in the prevalence of G6PD deficiency among the children studied. There is a need for the routine screening of children for G6PD deficiency in our environment, to allow for evidence-based management of these children and to ensure the avoidance of food, drugs, and infective agents that can potentially predispose these children to oxidative stress as well as diseases that deplete micronutrients that protect against oxidative stress. There is need to build capacity in our setting among pediatricians to ensure the effective management of children with G6PD deficiency.

Isaac, IZ; Mainasara, AS; Erhabor, Osaro; Omojuyigbe, ST; Dallatu, MK; Bilbis, LS; Adias, TC

2013-01-01

356

Teaching Negotiation: The Choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the choices for teaching business skills in an elective negotiation skills course in the graduate program for entrepreneurs at the Department of Economics, University of Osijek. The paper first describes the author's teaching context. Then, it offers the author's views of learning and teaching, and discusses the relationship between students and the material they learn, between students

Ljerka Sedlan Konig

2002-01-01

357

On Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of lectures includes the following contributions from faculty at the University of Colorado at Boulder: (1) "Aloof Professors and Shy Students" (Patricia Nelson Limerick); (2) "Teaching the Thundering Herd: Surviving in a Large Classroom" (Charles R. Middleton); (3) "The Scientist as a Story Teller" (R. Igor Gamow); (4) "Active…

Shea, Mary Ann, Ed.

358

Teaching for Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on how to teach students from diverse cultures and how to teach students to live in a diverse society. Chapter 1, "Democracy, Diversity, and Universal Education," discusses "The Nature of a Free Society,""The Role of Universal Education," and "Schools as Communities." Chapter 2, "Identifying and Understanding Diversity Issues,"…

Garcia, Ricardo L.

359

Teaching the cloud - experiences in designing and teaching an undergraduate-level course in cloud computing at the Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing is a disruptive technology, one that embodies a major conceptual shift and is rapidly changing the way users, developers, and organizations work with computing infrastructure. Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar offered a one-semester undergraduate course to introduce students to cloud computing. In this paper we describe our approach and experiences in designing the course. We describe course elements

M. Suhail Rehman; Majd F. Sakr

2011-01-01

360

Becoming a Teaching Scholar  

Microsoft Academic Search

University teaching is going through a professionalization process as part of a change or reform of the teaching and learning\\u000a culture. This process builds on the notion that it is no longer sufficient for a university employee to be an excellent researcher;\\u000a she must also be an excellent teacher. The relation and interaction between research and teaching is of great

Søren Kruse; Kirsten Nielsen; Rie Troelsen

361

Faculty Perceptions of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning: Definition, Activity Level and Merit Considerations at One University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the status of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL), the amount and types of pedagogical scholarship, and the merit accorded SoTL within academic units for purposes of faculty assessment (i.e. hiring, promotion, and tenure decisions) at a research/doctoral granting institution. Responding to an electronic survey…

Secret, Mary; Leisey, Monica; Lanning, Sharon; Polich, Susan; Schaub, Joseph

2011-01-01

362

How Spanish Teachers and Their Beginning-Level University Students Perceive FL Teaching Practices--Ideally and Concretely  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increased dependence on student evaluations to assess instructional effectiveness at the post-secondary level manifests the growing importance the field places on students' perspectives of teaching and learning (Seldin 1993). Horwitz (1990), Kern (1995), and Schulz (1996) claim that mismatches between FL students' and teachers' expectations of…

Brown, Alan V.

2009-01-01

363

LOYOLA UNIVERSITY CHICAGO School of Education Fall 2008 CIEP 437: Instructional Strategies for Teaching Social Studies and the Arts Instructor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Course Description: This course is designed to help candidates examine the complex role of the teacher and to understand principles and methods of curriculum, instruction, and evaluation in schools. Class activities will be organized around lesson planning, with an emphasis on the demonstration of teaching models, gaining an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of teachers, and educational issues which

Michelle Fry

364

Librarians as Partners of the Faculty in Teaching Scholarly Inquiry in Nursing to Undergraduates at Brigham Young University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes collaboration between the nursing librarian and faculty members teaching scholarly inquiry in nursing (nursing research), a course for baccalaureate nursing students. Workshops presented by the librarian enhanced nursing students' information literacy skills, particularly related to accessing evidence-based sources. Student perceptions of the library integration with scholarly inquiry in nursing are presented and suggest that librarians empower them

Betsy Hopkins; Lynn Clark Callister; Barbara Mandleco; Jane Lassetter; Meagan Astill

2011-01-01

365

Interpreting as a Language Teaching Technique. Proceedings of a Conference (University of Salford, England, January 2-5, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers presented at a conference on the use of simultaneous, consecutive, and other forms of interpreting as features of foreign language teaching and learning in British higher education include the following: "Liaison Interpreting as a Communicative Language-Learning Exercise" (H. A. Keith); "Interpreting and Communicating: Problems for the…

Thomas, Noel, Ed.; Towell, Richard, Ed.

366

Use of social web technologies by international and domestic undergraduate students: implications for internationalising learning and teaching in Australian universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much research into the use of online information and communication technologies for the internationalisation of learning and teaching has focused on established web technologies. This paper considers the possible internationalisation implications of existing uses of social software, also known as Web 2.0 technologies, which are now widely available inside and outside of formal education settings. The paper reports on two

Kathleen Gray; Shanton Chang; Gregor Kennedy

2010-01-01

367

Mentoring in TGfU Teaching: Mutual Engagement of Pre-Service Teachers, Cooperating Teachers and University Supervisors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to examine the approaches used in mentoring and investigate the interactions occurring between pre-service teachers and mentors during the mentoring process. The study is placed in the context of the implementation of Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU). The theoretical framework of this study was based on situated learning…

Wang, Lijuan; Ha, Amy

2012-01-01

368

In-class demonstration using amateur radio satellites for the teaching of communications engineering at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most readily available demonstrations for teaching communications engineering is the amateur radio satellites orbiting the Earth. There are several advantages to using amateur satellites for classroom demonstration. The positions of the satellites are predictable, and, unlike terrestrial communications, the links are generally line of sight and more reliable. In general, the effects of the ionosphere are very

A. F. M. Zain

1994-01-01

369

Catholic Social Teaching and Global Migration: Bridging the Paradox of Universal Human Rights and Territorial Self-Determination  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay, I will consider how law, religion, and democratic pluralism revolve around a particular issue: global migration. My essay is organized around three major themes. First, I explore the ways in which Catholic social teaching addresses human dignity, the plight of the poor, and the promotion of global justice. I argue that this theme provides an important bridge

Vincent D. Rougeau

2009-01-01

370

Using WebQuest as a Universal Design for Learning Tool to Enhance Teaching and Learning in Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed by Dodge (1995), WebQuest is an inquiry-based teaching tool, in which students of all ages and levels participate in an authentic task that use pre-designed, pre-defined internet resources, though other print resources can also be used. Learners will put the focus on gathering, summarizing, synthesizing, and evaluating the information…

Yang, Chien-Hui; Tzuo, Pei Wen; Komara, Cecile

2011-01-01

371

Using Media as the Basis for a Social Issues Approach to Promoting Moral Literacy in University Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the use of media as the basis for a social issues approach to promoting moral literacy and effective teaching in educational leadership programs. Design/methodology/approach: Through a review of relevant literature, mass media sources, and observations, the authors use Starratt's framework of…

Normore, Anthony H.; Doscher, Stephanie Paul

2007-01-01

372

Junior Faculty of Color in the Corporate University: Implications of Neoliberalism and Neoconservatism on Research, Teaching and Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In higher education today, an overwhelming acceptance of neoliberal and neoconservative ideologies that advance corporate logics of efficiency, competition and profit maximization is commonplace. Market-driven logics and neoconservative ideals shape decision-making about what is taught, how material is taught, who teaches, who does research, who…

Osei-Kofi, Nana

2012-01-01

373

Faculty Motivators and De-motivators for Teaching Online: Results of Focus Group Interviews at One University  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the most significant factors that motivate and inhibit faculty with regard to teaching in online environments? And what are the specific kinds of experiences that underlie and explain the importance of these factors? Exploring these questions through structured focus group discussions is the primary goal of this study. The second goal is to provide insight regarding how to

Starr Roxanne Hiltz; Eunhee Kim; Peter Shea

2007-01-01

374

The Influence of Teaching and Other Factors Upon Absolute Salaries and Salary Increments at Illinois State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination is made of the determinants of both absolute salary levels and recent salary increments of professors at Illinois State. Such variables as experience, scholarly output, teaching, administration, race, sex, committee work, degrees held, and the influence of outside market demand are considered. (SM)

Koch, James V.; Chizmar, John F.

1973-01-01

375

Airborne Microflora in the Atmosphere of an Hospital Environment of University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was undertaken to determine typical concentrations of airborne bacteria and fungi (microflora) in Teaching Hospital environment in Benin City in the tropical rainforest environment of Nigeria. Aerial sampling was conducted at various hospital wards each day. The air samples were collected thrice daily. Concentrations of airborne microflora exceeded available local guidelines for indoor quality in the accident and

F. O. Ekhaise; E. E. Isitor; O. Idehen; A. O. Emoghene

2010-01-01

376

Teaching urban politics at an Albanian university: how do you make an American sub-discipline internationally relevant?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares American and Albanian college students’ urban political experiences in order to understand the relevance of American models of urban politics to developing nations. Urban growth in Albania has created needs for teaching students about urban governance. The evidence presented here suggests that Albanians’ conceptions of urban problems probably lend themselves to political activism. The challenge is to

Richardson Dilworth

2008-01-01

377

Teaching, Technology, and the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research findings on college instruction and technology and the future are discussed in 15 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Technology, Teaching, and the Future" (William F. May); "Bauhaus Experience: A Team Method of Teaching Technology" (Euguene…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

378

Teaching, Technology, and the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research findings on college instruction and technology and the future are discussed in 15 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Technology, Teaching, and the Future" (William F. May); "Bauhaus Experience: A Team Method of Teaching Technology" (Euguene…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

379

Teaching and Technology Transfer as Alternative Revenue Streams: A Primer on the Potential Legal Implications for UK Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess the financial and intellectual issues facing the university sector as many institutions in the UK pursue alternative revenue streams. As a consequence to the increasing financial pressures, university departments are increasingly exposed to new forms of potential litigation and also face the risk to…

Van Hoorebeek, Mark; Marson, James

2005-01-01

380

Real-Time Learning, Real-World Teaching: University Teams with School District to Improve Curriculum and Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Illinois district brings a local university into the district to craft advanced learning embedded in the needs of specific schools. Community High School District 155 in Crystal Lake, Ill., and Northern Illinois University (NIU) College of Education engaged in a partnership that has provided significant benefits, posed limited challenges, and…

Koch, Steven; Borg, Terry

2011-01-01

381

PASS Guide to Social Science: Teaching and Assessing Proficiency for University Admission. Preliminary 2001-2005 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Oregon Proficiency-Based Admission Standards System (PASS) is based on standards that describe the academic skills and knowledge students need to demonstrate for acceptance into any of Oregon's seven public universities. The Oregon University System (OUS) created PASS in 1993 for three reasons: (1) PASS aligns college admissions with Oregon's…

Oregon Univ. System, Eugene. Office of the Chancellor.

382

PASS Guide to Visual & Performing Arts: Teaching and Assessing Proficiency for University Admission. Preliminary 2001-2005 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Oregon Proficiency-Based Admission Standards System (PASS) is based on standards that describe the academic skills and knowledge students need to demonstrate for acceptance into any of Oregon's seven public universities. The Oregon University System (OUS) created PASS in 1993 for three reasons: (1) PASS aligns college admission with Oregon's…

Oregon Univ. System, Eugene. Office of the Chancellor.

383

PASS Guide to Social Science: Teaching and Assessing Proficiency for University Admission. Preliminary 2001-2005 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oregon Proficiency-Based Admission Standards System (PASS) is based on standards that describe the academic skills and knowledge students need to demonstrate for acceptance into any of Oregon's seven public universities. The Oregon University System (OUS) created PASS in 1993 for three reasons: (1) PASS aligns college admissions with Oregon's…

Oregon Univ. System, Eugene. Office of the Chancellor.

384

Student Teaching in the Context of a School-University Partnership: An Ethnography of a Student Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a student teacher's experience in a school-university partnership and investigates the converging influences of the school and the university on the student teacher. The study examined the experience of a student teacher in the Puget Sound Professional Development Center Middle School Preservice Teacher Education Program, a…

Shen, Jianping

385

The first year university experience: using personal epistemology to understand effective learning and teaching in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal epistemological beliefs, or beliefs about knowing, provide a way in which to understand learning in a range of educational\\u000a contexts because they are considered to act as filters for all other knowledge and beliefs. In particular, they provide a\\u000a useful framework for investigating learning and teaching for first year students in tertiary education, who are typically\\u000a considered to hold

Jo Brownlee; Sue Walker; Sandra Lennox; Beryl Exley; Sharyn Pearce

2009-01-01

386

Professional Development for Teaching in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Due to the changing nature of learning and teaching in universities, there is a growing need for professional development for lecturers and tutors teaching in disciplines in the mathematical sciences. Mathematics teaching staff receive some training in learning and teaching but many of the courses running at university level are not tailored to…

Wood, Leigh N.; Vu, Tori; Bower, Matt; Brown, Natalie; Skalicky, Jane; Donovan, Diane; Loch, Birgit; Joshi, Nalini; Bloom, Walter

2011-01-01

387

The implementation of e-learning tools to enhance undergraduate bioinformatics teaching and learning: a case study in the National University of Singapore  

PubMed Central

Background The rapid advancement of computer and information technology in recent years has resulted in the rise of e-learning technologies to enhance and complement traditional classroom teaching in many fields, including bioinformatics. This paper records the experience of implementing e-learning technology to support problem-based learning (PBL) in the teaching of two undergraduate bioinformatics classes in the National University of Singapore. Results Survey results further established the efficiency and suitability of e-learning tools to supplement PBL in bioinformatics education. 63.16% of year three bioinformatics students showed a positive response regarding the usefulness of the Learning Activity Management System (LAMS) e-learning tool in guiding the learning and discussion process involved in PBL and in enhancing the learning experience by breaking down PBL activities into a sequential workflow. On the other hand, 89.81% of year two bioinformatics students indicated that their revision process was positively impacted with the use of LAMS for guiding the learning process, while 60.19% agreed that the breakdown of activities into a sequential step-by-step workflow by LAMS enhances the learning experience Conclusion We show that e-learning tools are useful for supplementing PBL in bioinformatics education. The results suggest that it is feasible to develop and adopt e-learning tools to supplement a variety of instructional strategies in the future.

2009-01-01

388

Experiences with provision of post-abortion care in a university teaching hospital in south-east Nigeria: a five year review.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to review the implementation of Post Abortion Care and effective linkage to other post abortion services in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria. Data on PAC over a five year period (July, 2004 to June, 2009) were analyzed and a standardized questionnaire was administered to 45 direct PAC service providers. Abortion complications constituted 41.4% of all Gynaecological admissions. Maternal mortality from complications of abortion was 11.5% of all the maternal mortality at the centre. Women aged 19 years and less were 37 (7.1%) and single women were 132, constituting 25.3% of all cases. About 31% of the PAC care providers had formal training for the implementation of the PAC services. Fifteen percent of the care givers were satisfied with the linkage between PAC and the Family Planning services. There is poor integration between emergency post abortion care and other reproductive health services in the centre. PMID:22783674

Kalu, Collins A; Umeora, O U J; Sunday-Adeoye, I

2012-03-01

389

Bacterial profile and drug susceptibility pattern of urinary tract infection in pregnant women at University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common health problem among pregnant women. Proper investigation and prompt treatment are needed to prevent serious life threatening condition and morbidity due to urinary tract infection that can occur in pregnant women. Recent report in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia indicated the prevalence of UTI in pregnant women was 11.6?% and Gram negative bacteria was the predominant isolates and showed multi drug resistance. This study aimed to assess bacterial profile that causes urinary tract infection and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern among pregnant women visiting antenatal clinic at University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at University of Gondar Teaching Hospital from March 22 to April 30, 2011. Mid stream urine samples were collected and inoculated into Cystine Lactose Electrolyte Deficient medium (CLED). Colony counts yielding bacterial growth of 105/ml of urine or more of pure isolates were regarded as significant bacteriuria for infection. Colony from CLED was sub cultured onto MacConkey agar and blood agar plates. Identification was done using cultural characteristics and a series of biochemical tests. A standard method of agar disc diffusion susceptibility testing method was used to determine susceptibility patterns of the isolates. Results The overall prevalence of UTI in pregnant women was 10.4?%. The predominant bacterial pathogens were Escherichia coli 47.5?% followed by coagulase-negative staphylococci 22.5?%, Staphylococcus aureus 10?%, and Klebsiella pneumoniae 10?%. Gram negative isolates were resulted low susceptibility to co-trimoxazole (51.9?%) and tetracycline (40.7?%) whereas Gram positive showed susceptibility to ceftriaxon (84.6?%) and amoxicillin–clavulanic acid (92.3?%). Multiple drug resistance (resistance to two or more drugs) was observed in 95?% of the isolates. Conclusion Significant bacteriuria was observed in asymptomatic pregnant women. Periodic studies are recommended to check the outcome of asymptomatic bacteriuria and also monitor any changes in the susceptibility patterns of urinary tract pathogens in pregnant women.

2012-01-01

390

A Review of the Role of National Policy and Institutional Mission in European Distance Teaching Universities with Respect to Widening Participation in Higher Education Study through Open Educational Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The open educational resources (OER) movement is relatively new with few higher education institutions (HEIs) publishing or using them, and even fewer using them to widen engagement or participation in HE study. Although distance teaching universities have been in the vanguard of widening opportunities for HE study, they vary in how far they are…

Lane, Andy

2012-01-01

391

Where "Sign Language Studies" Has Led Us in Forty Years: Opening High School and University Education for Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses how the Nippon Foundation-funded project "Opening University Education to Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation," also known as the Dong Nai Deaf Education Project, has been implemented through sign language studies from 2000 through 2012. This project has provided deaf adults in…

Woodward, James; Hoa, Nguyen Thi

2012-01-01

392

Where "Sign Language Studies" Has Led Us in Forty Years: Opening High School and University Education for Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how the Nippon Foundation-funded project "Opening University Education to Deaf People in Viet Nam through Sign Language Analysis, Teaching, and Interpretation," also known as the Dong Nai Deaf Education Project, has been implemented through sign language studies from 2000 through 2012. This project has provided deaf adults in…

Woodward, James; Hoa, Nguyen Thi

2012-01-01

393

A review of the role of national policy and institutional mission in European distance teaching universities with respect to widening participation in higher education study through open educational resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The open educational resources (OER) movement is relatively new with few higher education institutions (HEIs) publishing or using them, and even fewer using them to widen engagement or participation in HE study. Although distance teaching universities have been in the vanguard of widening opportunities for HE study, they vary in how far they are doing so. Some use this informal

2012-01-01

394

Evaluation of a teaching laboratory using a cadaver model for tube thoracostomy 1 1 Education is coordinated by Stephen R. Hayden, MD, of the University of California San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prior study evaluated the efficacy of a dog laboratory to teach residents chest tube thoracostomy. This study evaluated a similarly structured program using human cadavers. A prospective repeat measure study of chest tube thoracostomy placement training was performed in a university laboratory setting using human cadavers. Ten Emergency Medicine residents were given a written pretest, followed by training. Resident

Lawrence Proano; Liudvikas Jagminas; Clark S Homan; Steve Reinert

2002-01-01

395

Inquiry-Based Undergraduate Teaching in the Life Sciences at Large Research Universities: A Perspective on the Boyer Commission Report  

PubMed Central

The 1998 Boyer Commission Report advocated improvement of undergraduate education at large research universities through large-scale participation of undergraduates in the universities' research mission. At a recent conference sponsored by the Reinvention Center, which is dedicated to furthering the goals of the Boyer Commission, participants discussed progress toward these goals and recommendations for future action. A breakout group representing the life sciences concluded that independent research experience for every undergraduate may not be feasible or desirable but that transformation of lecture courses to more inquiry-based and interactive formats can effectively further the Commission's goals.

Wood, William B.

2003-01-01

396

The University of London  

Microsoft Academic Search

ONE of the taunts most frequently levelled at the London University-or ``Burlington Gardens,'' to use Prof. Lankester's favourite expression-by certain professors of University College and other advocates of a ``teaching University in and for London'' is, that the present University is a ``mere examining board.'' The University has, it is true, a Brown Professor of Physiology and Pathology, who delivers

Thomas Tyler

1891-01-01

397

Teaching and Learning Spaces; Refurbishment of the W. K. Hancock Science Library at the Australian National University 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two floors of the W. K. Hancock Library at the Australian National University (ANU) were refurbished in 2011 as part of a cooperative project between the library and the College of Science. The refurbishment, costing $5 million, was part of a much larger exercise involving the construction of four new science buildings around the Hancock Library.…

McNamara, Paul

2012-01-01

398

Attitudes to Teaching Ethics to Bioscience Students: An Interview-Based Study Comparing British and American University Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An interview-based survey was carried out with British and American university teachers. In both countries there was widespread (but in the UK, not unanimous) support for the proposition that ethics should be taught to Bioscience students. Reasons included a need to help students engage with the ethical issues associated with their subject and…

Bryant, John A.; Morgan, Cindy L.

2007-01-01

399

Inventing the Future: Using Social Media to Transform a University from a Teaching Organization to a Learning Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the corporate world, with its global, competitive environment, many firms have become learning organizations in order to survive and thrive. Similarly, 21st century universities that succeed will be lean, flexible, and nimble, enabling them to cross geographic and time boundaries, and to better meet the needs of future generations. The…

Manlow, Veronica; Friedman, Hershey; Friedman, Linda

2010-01-01

400

In Pursuit of Our Common Interests: A Framework for Building School-University Partnerships to Improve Urban Schools and Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools of education are increasingly under attack. In a speech delivered at Teachers College, Columbia University, in 2009, education secretary Arne Duncan charged that the nation's schools of education were "doing a mediocre job of preparing teachers for the realities of 21st-century classroom." Although teachers unions have borne the brunt of…

Noguera, Pedro A.; Klevan, Sarah L.

2010-01-01

401

In Search of Critical Thinking in Undergraduate Education: A Case Study of a Midwestern University's Center for Teaching Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicated that students often graduate from colleges and universities without encountering critical thinking skills in undergraduate coursework. The first national report raising concerns over the declining quality of education stemmed from the National Commission on Excellence in Education (1983), and findings based on disappointing test…

Thaxton, Lourene Pike

2009-01-01

402

Assessing the Impact of a Faculty Development Program on Teaching Quality in a Mexican University. AIR 1991 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to enormous enrollment increases, Mexican universities were forced to hire faculty without a Licenciatura degree (corresponds to a United States bachelors degree) and so initiated faculty development activities (FDA) to enhance the performance of underqualified and new teachers. This study assessed the impact of one of these FDAs at the…

Rizo, Felipe Martinez; And Others

403

A Revolution in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: The Challenges and Implications for the Relatively Traditional University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assesses the factors that universities need to consider when developing a strategic response to "borderless education," discusses certain instruments which may be used in strategic analysis, and considers some options in the areas of organizational structures, support infrastructure, personnel policy, and quality assurance. (EV)|

Davies, John L.

2001-01-01

404

PORTFOLIOS AS ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT STRATEGY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN PRE-SERVICE TEACHING EDUCATION AT UNIVERSITY LEVEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development of the portfolio assessment technique as a strategy for teacher education at university level, in order to create a positive relationship between humans and environment. It shows the theorist approach and the research process used to validate the ground hypothesis. As a result, we found that this strategy stimulates the capacity for self-evaluation, empowers students

Alejandrina Mata Segreda

2003-01-01

405

The role of electronic reserves in serving and shaping new teaching and learning environments in UK universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most UK academic libraries are currently facing increasing demands for scarce resources - often over relatively short timescales. This has arisen from the twin pressures of a growing and changing student population and the introduction of new pedagogic trends. The implementation of electronic reserves, such as the ResIDe Electronic Reserve at the University of the West of England, Bristol, addresses

Christine Dugdale

1999-01-01

406

Teradata University Network: A No Cost Web-Portal for Teaching Database, Data Warehousing, and Data-Related Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the value that information systems faculty and students in classes dealing with database management, data warehousing, decision support systems, and related topics, could derive from the use of the Teradata University Network (TUN), a free comprehensive web-portal. A detailed overview of TUN functionalities and content is…

Jukic, Nenad; Gray, Paul

2008-01-01

407

Joys and sorrows of teaching infant observation at university level – implementing psychoanalytic observation in teachers’ further education programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe our experience in introducing psychoanalytic observational studies in a post-graduate university MA course in Psychoanalytic Observational Studies at the Institute for Research and Further Education in Vienna. The course ran from October 2003 to 2006, with 25 participants. This new application of psychoanalysis in the field of education aims at helping teachers to increase their

Gertraud Diem-Wille; Kornelia Steinhardt; Helga Reiter

2006-01-01

408

A Study of Two Techniques for Teaching Introductory Geography: Traditional Approach versus Cooperative Learning in the University Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was a collaborative effort between the geography area of the College of Arts and Sciences and the Department of Educational Leadership at Valdosta State University. The project was conducted to determine whether students in an introductory course would benefit from the use of cooperative learning groups based on their learning styles, hemisphericity, and gender compared to students taught

C. Jay Hertzog; Charles Lieble

1996-01-01

409

An Urban University and Its Academic Support Program: Teaching Basic Writing in the Context of an "Urban Mission."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces the uses of the "urban mission" trope both nationally and locally as it pertains to the history of the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Educational Assistance Program. Maintains that educational histories are important because they explain how political dynamics determine who will be basic writers and how many will appear in…

Severino, Carol

1996-01-01

410

Same problem, different solutions: attempts at improving retention in engineering at a research vs. a teaching university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two campuses in the University of Wisconsin system (UW-Madison and UW-Platteville) have recently attacked the problem of sub optimal retention of students who enter engineering as first year students. At both locations, independent analyses of students' reasons for leaving were conducted during the past two years, and efforts made to reduce the number of students who leave engineering degree programs

D. G. Woolston; K. Shook; J. Wilson

1995-01-01

411

Inventing the Future: Using Social Media to Transform a University from a Teaching Organization to a Learning Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the corporate world, with its global, competitive environment, many firms have become learning organizations in order to survive and thrive. Similarly, 21st century universities that succeed will be lean, flexible, and nimble, enabling them to cross geographic and time boundaries, and to better meet the needs of future generations. The…

Manlow, Veronica; Friedman, Hershey; Friedman, Linda

2010-01-01

412

Teaching Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1978, a kindergarten teacher and a university teacher at the Faculty of Education, University of Manitoba, traded jobs. The story of the university teacher's experience in the kindergarten classroom is told in this compilation of monthly newsletter materials. The story begins with thoughts about preparing to teach and ends with a review of…

Seifert, Kelvin

413

Can poetry make better doctors? Teaching the humanities and arts to medical students and residents at the University of California, Irvine, College of Medicine.  

PubMed

The Program in Medical Humanities & Arts at the University of California, Irvine, College of Medicine has been in existence for five years. The program was implemented to enhance aspects of professionalism including empathy, altruism, compassion, and caring toward patients, as well as to hone clinical communication and observational skills. It contains elective or required curriculum across all four years of medical school and required curriculum in two residency programs, organized according to structural principles of horizontal coherence, vertical complexity, and patient care applications. The program emphasizes small-group, interdisciplinary teaching and faculty development, and is notable for learners' use of creative projects to reflect on patients and themselves. Evaluation of the program indicates a positive response among learners. More systematic studies point to increases in empathy and positive attitudes toward the humanities as tools for professional development as a result of exposure to the program curriculum. Future directions include closer collaboration with the University of California, Irvine, Schools of the Arts and Humanities, involvement of local artists and writers, and development of a graduation with distinction in humanities for medical students. PMID:14534086

Shapiro, Johanna; Rucker, Lloyd

2003-10-01

414

Identification of airborne bacterial and fungal species in the clinical microbiology laboratory of a university teaching hospital employing ribosomal DNA (rDNA) PCR and gene sequencing techniques.  

PubMed

Universal or "broad-range" PCR-based ribosomal DNA (rDNA) was performed on a collection of 58 isolates (n = 30 bacteria + 28 fungi), originating from environmental air from several locations within a busy clinical microbiology laboratory, supporting a university teaching hospital. A total of 10 bacterial genera were identified including both Gram-positive and Gram-negative genera. Gram-positive organisms accounted for 27/30 (90%) of total bacterial species, consisting of seven genera and included (in descending order of frequency) Staphylococcus, Micrococcus, Corynebacterium, Paenibacillus, Arthrobacter, Janibacter and Rothia. Gram-negative organisms were less frequently isolated 3/30 (10%) and comprised three genera, including Moraxella, Psychrobacter and Haloanella. Eight fungal genera were identified among the 28 fungal organisms isolated, including (in descending order of frequency) Cladosporium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, Thanatephorus, Absidia, Eurotium, Paraphaeosphaeria and Tritirachium, with Cladosporium accounting for 10/28 (35.7%) of the total fungal isolates. In conclusion, this study identified the presence of 10 bacterial and eight fungal genera in the air within the laboratory sampled. Although this reflected diversity of the microorganisms present, none of these organisms have been described previously as having an inhalational route of laboratory-acquired infection. Therefore, we believe that the species of organisms identified and the concentration levels of these airborne contaminants determined, do not pose a significant health and safety threat for immunocompotent laboratory personnel and visitors. PMID:20183192

Nagano, Yuriko; Walker, Jim; Loughrey, Anne; Millar, Cherie; Goldsmith, Colin; Rooney, Paul; Elborn, Stuart; Moore, John

2009-06-01

415

Situational analysis of teaching and learning of medicine and nursing students at Makerere University College of Health Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) in Uganda is undergoing a major reform to become a more influential\\u000a force in society. It is important that its medicine and nursing graduates are equipped to best address the priority health\\u000a needs of the Ugandan population, as outlined in the government’s Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP). The assessment identifies\\u000a critical gaps in

Sarah Kiguli; Rhona Baingana; Ligia Paina; David Mafigiri; Sara Groves; Godfrey Katende; Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde; Juliet Kiguli; Moses Galukande; Mayega Roy; Robert Bollinger; George Pariyo

2011-01-01

416

A self-study of teaching reform in a University Business Computing Course: “...it all went wrong...”  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1991 to 1993, I conducted a qualitative investigation of the influence of open discourse on technicism in a University\\u000a Business Computing Course. I discontinued the research on realizing, through a reflective self-study, that I had acted unethically.\\u000a To address this breach of ethics, I conducted a psychology-oriented inquiry, from 1993 to 1996, to delve deeply, using heuristic\\u000a reflection, into

Mark Campbell Williams

2000-01-01

417

Using blended and guided technologies in a university course for scientist-practitionersTeaching Applied Behaviour Analysis to autism professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the incidence of autism spectrum disorders is increasing worldwide, there is a shortage of professionals trained to provide effective interventions. The article describes an advanced university course in Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) and autism tailored to meet the needs of Swedish professionals from multiple disciplines. The course implemented both blended-learning technologies (web, telecommunication, and in vivo) and guided-design (problem-solving)

Lise Roll-Pettersson; Shahla AlaI-Rosales

2009-01-01

418

Improving the teaching effectiveness of graduate teaching assistants  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years a growing concern about the improvement of the teaching effectiveness of graduate teaching assistants has emerged on many campuses. The purpose of this paper is to describe a response to this need—a program of instructional development for teaching assistants presently being implemented in the Department of Speech Communication at the University of Washington. The description includes program

Jody L. Nyquist

1979-01-01

419

Teaching at Berkeley: A Guide for Foreign Teaching Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A handbook for foreign teaching assistants (TAs) is presented by foreign graduate students with teaching experience and other educators who have worked closely with them. Language skills, teaching strategies, cultural issues, resources, and the environment at the University of California, Berkeley, are addressed in 16 articles. Article titles and…

Cohen, Robby, Ed.; Robin, Ron, Ed.

420

Metaphors We Teach By.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined autobiographical narratives written by preservice English teachers who described their new experiences in student teaching. Subjects, 18 young men and women enrolled in a one-year combination teaching credential and masters degree program at Stanford University, described in writing a major classroom experience. Fourteen of the 18…

Sperling, Melanie

421

English Teaching Profile: Hungary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profile of the English language teaching situation in Hungary discusses the role of English within Hungarian society and within the educational system. It is noted that English is taught as the main foreign language after Russian and that it is offered mainly in the gymnasiums and on the university level. The composition of the teaching

British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

422

Teaching for independence  

Microsoft Academic Search

If “learning how to learn” is the most important subject matter of 20th Century schools, then the time has come to encourage the widespread development of undergraduate reading degree programs for future teachers. Ten years ago, Eastern Washington University began offering Reading Education as an undergraduate major for elementary teaching candidates, and as an undergraduate minor for secondary teaching candidates.

Janet R. Norby; William Shreeve; William G. J. Goetter; Arnold F. Stueckle; T. K. Midgley; Barbara Michele

1987-01-01

423

Those Who Can, Teach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Much of what teachers know about how to teach and how to conceptualize specific academic content is learned from their undergraduate professors. In 1990, California State University, Fullerton, received a grant from the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE), Project Teach, to improve the quality of instruction which…

Barnes, Carol P., Ed.; Goodhue-McWilliams, Kenneth, Ed.

424

Teaching Succession with Forests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggesting advantages of using forests to teach succession, briefly outlines procedures for gathering evidence of succession including numbers, ages, and sizes of trees. Five plot studies conducted by students at the University of Victoria are also described. (DC)|

Stronck, David R.

1982-01-01

425

Corporate Teaching Help Drops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Electronics, pharmaceuticals, and other industry programs to loan corporate employees to colleges and universities for short-term teaching assignments are discussed, including the advantages to both industry and the institutions and the conflicts in demand for specialists. (MSE)|

Sanger, David E.

1985-01-01

426

Teaching Effective Scientific Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an extension of the preceding article, which describes a Towson University course that teaches students to analyze scientific information, this article summarizes the guidelines necessary for students to follow to improve their writing and offers two e

Mangurian, Luz; Feldman, Susannah; Anderson, Virginia

2001-05-01

427

Teach.Genetics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A companion to the popular Learn.Genetics website from the University of Utah's Genetic Science Learning Center, Teach.Genetics offers additional tools and resources to help educators bring genetics, bioscience, and health alive in the classroom.

Louisa Stark (University of Utah School of Medicine;); The University of Utah Genetic Science Learning Center (The University of Utah Genetic Science Learning Center;)

2010-06-18

428

Learning to teach effectively: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduate teaching assistants' teaching self-efficacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are important in the teaching of undergraduate students (Golde & Dore, 2001). However, they are often poorly prepared for teaching (Luft, Kurdziel, Roehrig, & Turner, 2004). This dissertation addresses teaching effectiveness in three related manuscripts: (1) A position paper that summarizes the current research on and develops a model of GTA teaching effectiveness. (2) An adaptation and validation of two instruments; GTA perception of teaching training and STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. (3) A model test of factors that predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Together these three papers address key questions in the understanding of teaching effectiveness in STEM GTAs including: (a) What is our current knowledge of factors that affect the teaching effectiveness of GTAs? (b) Given that teaching self-efficacy is strongly linked to teaching performance, how can we measure STEM GTAs teaching self-efficacy? (c) Is there a better way to measure GTA teaching training than currently exists? (d) What factors predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy? An original model for GTA teaching effectiveness was developed from a thorough search of the GTA teaching literature. The two instruments---perception of training and teaching self-efficacy---were tested through self-report surveys using STEM GTAs from six different universities including Oregon State University (OSU). The data was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Using GTAs from the OSU colleges of science and engineering, the model of sources of STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy was tested by administering self-report surveys and analyzed by using OLS regression analysis. Language and cultural proficiency, departmental teaching climate, teaching self-efficacy, GTA training, and teaching experience affect GTA teaching effectiveness. GTA teaching self-efficacy is a second-order factor combined from self-efficacy for instructional strategies and a positive learning environment. It is correlated to GTA perception of teaching training and university GTA training. The K-12 teaching experience, GTA perception of teaching training, and facilitating factors in the departmental climate predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Hours of GTA training and supervision are fully mediated by perception of GTA training. Implications for research and training of STEM GTAs are discussed.

Dechenne, Sue Ellen

429

TEACH Evaluation, Spring 2002. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TEACH is a partnership program involving California State University, Bakersfield (CSUB), College of the Canyons (COC) and the Newhall and Hart School Districts to provide students with supervised fieldwork and specialized support services while pursuing a California teaching credential. This Spring 2002 TEACH evaluation reports on surveys of COC…

Meuschke, Daylene M; Dixon, P. Scott; Gribbons, Barry C.

430

The Joy of Teaching Legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

I am going to talk about teaching legislation, a class I have taught several times at Georgetown University Law Center, as well as teaching a federal legislation clinic, which I founded ten years ago at the law school. Bill Eskridge has done a wonderful job laying out the different ways one can teach a course in legislation; you will see

Chai R. Feldblum

2003-01-01

431

Teaching Climate and Culture as Part of Advanced Climate Change Education at the University of North Carolina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new class, 'Climate and Culture' was introduced at the University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA) during the 2007-2008 fall semester. This multi-disciplinary course addresses climate, climate change, and climatological impacts on various aspects of society and culture. UNCA's proximity to the NOAA National Climatic Data Center and several climate consultancies allows the university to tap climate specialists for their expertise. Four contemporary climate textbooks provide broad background reading material and are accompanied by a series of guest lecturers who explore a diverse set of issues including climate fundamentals, uncertainty in science and decision-making, natural resources and climate, climate in the media, urban and regional planning for climate change, and the impact of climate change on various socio-economic sectors, developing countries, international negotiations, policy making, and strategies. This paper provides an overview of the 'Climate and Culture' course and discusses its role as part of the UNCA Master of Liberal Arts Degree. Stemming from the success of this course, UNCA is also initiating a graduate program titled: Climate Change and Society, which is an innovative, interdisciplinary graduate program aimed at bridging the gap between climate change science and climate's effects on society. That program will begin offering classes August 2009.

Heim, R. R.; Voos, G.; Shein, K. A.

2008-12-01

432

Epistemological Separation of Research and Teaching among Graduate Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of a more scholarly approach to teaching at university may expose the novice university teacher to an apparent conflict in belief systems about teaching and learning (i.e. epistemological beliefs). Educational research is explicit in its recognition of a constructivist framework, whilst other academic research is often embedded more…

Kinchin, Ian Miles; Hatzipanagos, Stylianos; Turner, Nancy

2009-01-01

433

Teaching Across Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Teaching across cultures, whether as an expatriate teaching in a different culture, or as a local teaching international students,\\u000a is an experience that many university teachers see as problematic. The following comment from the United Kingdom on teaching\\u000a international students is typical:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a many overseas students now originate in Pacific Rim countries, whose educational cultures characteristically value a highly\\u000a deferential approach

John B. Biggs

434

Characteristics and outcome of tetanus in adolescent and adult patients admitted to the Lagos University Teaching Hospital between 2000 and 2009.  

PubMed

This study was a case record review of adult patients with tetanus admitted into Lagos University Teaching Hospital between 2000 and 2009. Of 78,009 adults admitted, 190 had tetanus, constituting 0.25% of admission. Mean age was 30.4 ± 13.8 years. Male to female ratio was 3:1. The commonest occupation was commercial motorcyclists. 96% of the patients were unimmunized and 4% that had partial immunization had localized tetanus. Commonest presentation was trismus (83%). Twenty three patients had complications, 30% had autonomic dysfunction. Mean incubation period was 11.4 ± 4.8 days, and mean duration of onset was 72 ± 45.6h. 31 patients died, case fatality rate was 16.3%. Twelve percent of those with long period of onset died while 43% with short period of onset died (P=0.002). Patients with complications (78%) died of tetanus while only 8% of those without complication died (P<0.0001). Case fatality rate is still unacceptably high for a vaccine preventable disease. Attention to primary prevention of people at risk and active surveillance to prevent complications will further reduce mortality. PMID:23069727

Bankole, Idowu A; Danesi, Mustapha A; Ojo, Oluwadamilola O; Okubadejo, Njideka U; Ojini, Frank I

2012-10-12

435

Assessment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder in relation to reversibility, IgE, eosinophil, and neutrophil count in a University Teaching Hospital in South Delhi, India  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The physiological and clinical similarities between asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) make their differentiation difficult. In the present study, we compared reversibility to bronchodilator, immunoglobulin E (IgE), blood eosinophil and neutrophil levels among asthma and COPD patients to differentiate these diseases. Materials and Methods: The study was carried on 20 asthmatics and 29 patients of COPD that reported to the outpatient and inpatient department in University Teaching Hospital, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India. The parameters evaluated included pulmonary function (FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC), IgE levels, and eosinophil and neutrophil count. Results: It was observed that reversibility was significantly higher in asthmatic patients, while irreversibility predominates in COPD patients. There was no significant difference in pre- and post-FEV1 and pre- and post-FVC and in their percentage predicted. However the percentage change in FEV1 significantly varies in asthma and COPD patients. No significant changes in neutrophil and eosinophil levels were observed in these patients. The serum IgE levels were found significantly higher in asthmatic patients. Conclusions: We conclude that reversibility in FEV1 levels or percentage change in FEV1 and serum IgE levels are promising lab parameter to distinguish these two conditions. However, further research is required to fully understand the role of neutrophil and eosinophil in the onset and development of asthma and COPD.

Rathod, Virender P. Singh; Kapoor, Prem; Pillai, K. K.; Khanam, Razia

2010-01-01

436

A Professional Development Teaching Course for Science Graduate Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the majority of the teaching faculty at U.S. universities is composed of people who are scientific experts, research has found that most scientists do not have information about effective teaching methods (DeHaan 2005). Traditional lecture-style college science teaching does not reflect knowledge about best teaching practices based upon research about teaching and learning (AAAS 1990). An innovative course at the University Hawaii provides future science professors with professional development effective science teaching.

Baumgartner, Erin

2007-05-01

437

Runaway Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is part of NOVA Online, which is produced for the Public Broadcasting System (PBS) by the Science Unit at WGBH in Boston. This site accompanies the television program of the same name, and ponders the question: What is the fate of our Universe? It provides information on the history and size of the universe, supernova explosions, and the local universe around the Milky Way. There is also a game exhibiting the Doppler effect and what it tells us about distant stars. A teacher's guide contains activities, teaching ideas, and a viewing guide for classroom use. The accompanying video is available through mail order.

438

Prenatal screening for sickle cell anemia: awareness among health professionals and medical students at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital and the concept of prevention by termination.  

PubMed

Nigeria has the highest population of sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients in the whole world. This condition manifests with frequent episodes of aches and pains, recurrent infections, and frequent hospitalization. Prenatal screening is one of the methods of reducing the prevalence of this disease. The study aimed to determine the awareness and acceptability of prenatal screening for SCA among health professionals and students at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. It was a descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out between August and September 2006, involving 403 health professionals and students using structured questionnaires. The study revealed that 91.3% of the respondents had heard about prenatal screening for SCA, whereas 8.7% of the respondents had not. In addition, the majority of the respondents (75.3%) knew that SCA can be prevented by prenatal screening for SCA, whereas 13.7% and 11.3% were not aware or not sure, respectively. Up to 48.2% of the respondents were not aware that prenatal screening for SCA is available in Nigeria with the nurses being the least aware (?=11.9, P=0.00). 42.1% of the respondents will not allow preventive termination of pregnancy if prenatal screening confirms SCA. For those who will not allow preventive termination, up to 79% of them decided on the basis of their religious beliefs. There is a poor level of awareness of the availability of prenatal screening services in Nigeria among health workers in Lagos, and religion is a major factor militating against its acceptability. PMID:22538322

Adeola Animasahun, Barakat; Nwodo, Urowoli; Njokanma, Olisamedu Fidelis

2012-05-01

439

Under-five Protein Energy Malnutrition Admitted at the University of In Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu: a 10 year retrospective review  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the prevalence, risk factors, co-morbidities and case fatality rates of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) admissions at the paediatric ward of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu, South-east Nigeria over a 10?year period. Design A retrospective study using case Notes, admission and mortality registers retrieved from the Hospital’s Medical Records Department. Subjects All children aged 0 to 59?months admitted into the hospital on account of PEM between 1996 and 2005. Results A total of 212 children with PEM were admitted during the period under review comprising of 127 (59.9%) males and 85(40.1%) females. The most common age groups with PEM were 6 to 12?months (55.7%) and 13 to 24?months (36.8%). Marasmus (34.9%) was the most common form of PEM noted in this review. Diarrhea and malaria were the most common associated co-morbidities. Majority (64.9%) of the patients were from the lower socio-economic class. The overall case fatality rate was 40.1% which was slightly higher among males (50.9%). Mortality in those with marasmic-kwashiokor and in the unclassified group was 53.3% and 54.5% respectively. Conclusion Most of the admissions and case fatality were noted in those aged 6 to 24?months which coincides with the weaning period. Marasmic-kwashiokor is associated with higher case fatality rate than other forms of PEM. We suggest strengthening of the infant feeding practices by promoting exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, followed by appropriate weaning with continued breast feeding. Under-five children should be screened for PEM at the community level for early diagnosis and prompt management as a way of reducing the high mortality associated with admitted severe cases.

2012-01-01

440

Teachers Construct a Knowledge Base for a Brazilian Elementary School: Analyzing a Teaching-Learning Experience Developed through University-Public School Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study analyzed aspects of a knowledge base for teaching and ways that teachers understood and described the required student knowledge base, highlighting the construction of a knowledge base for elementary teaching. Participants were elementary teachers and staff from one Brazilian elementary school. Teachers wrote reports on what they…

Reali, Aline Maria de Medeiros Rodrigues; Mizukami, Maria da Graca Nicoletti

441

"I Liked It so Much I E-mailed Him and Told Him": Teaching "The Lesser Blessed" at the University of California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is just one story in the ongoing conversation of how to approach teaching indigenous literatures in colonial educational institutions. Through sharing her experiences in teaching Richard Van Camp's "The Lesser Blessed," the author hopes to reveal the power of this particular text and the way its effects on students who willingly engage…

Haladay, Jane

2007-01-01

442

"I Liked It so Much I E-mailed Him and Told Him": Teaching "The Lesser Blessed" at the University of California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay is just one story in the ongoing conversation of how to approach teaching indigenous literatures in colonial educational institutions. Through sharing her experiences in teaching Richard Van Camp's "The Lesser Blessed," the author hopes to reveal the power of this particular text and the way its effects on students who willingly engage…

Haladay, Jane

2007-01-01

443

What Use Is SoTL?: Using the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning to Develop a Curriculum for First Year University History Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Literature pertaining to the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) is growing but there are few studies dealing with disciplinary differences. The SoTL relating to History is a recently emerging development. But what use is SoTL for History if it can not be translated into improving teaching practice? This paper examines the process of…

Clark, Jennifer

2009-01-01

444

Conceptions and Practices in Teaching and Learning: Implications for the Evaluation of Teaching Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted in two public universities in Ethiopia to assess the impact of conceptions of teaching and learning on the evaluation of teaching quality. Students' and teachers' approaches to teaching and learning and their conceptions of the meaning of teaching have been examined. Results indicated that both teachers and students…

Zerihun, Zenawi; Beishuizen, Jos; Van Os, Willem

2011-01-01

445

Situated University, Situated Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that teaching as a situated, civic activity must be a core intellectual activity in the engaged metropolitan university. Situated writing provides the key pedagogy for the Chicago Civic Leadership Certificate Program at the University of Illinois at Chicago, an engaged public research university. The role of writing, or…

Feldman, Ann M.

2009-01-01

446

Study of Teaching Residents How to Teach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of a teaching skills program for residents at Louisiana State University Medical Center was evaluated among 22 residents in obstetrics and gynecology, medicine, and family medicine who were randomly assigned to control and experimental groups. There was greater increase in the scores of the experimental than the control groups.…

Edwards, Janine C.; And Others

1988-01-01

447

Effective Teaching with Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A course entitled effective teaching with technology (ETT) has been taught to PhD candidates and postdoctoral students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) during the Spring semester of 2004, 2005, and 2006, at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The course is supported by the NSF-sponsored Center for Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (CIRTL). The course employs the three CIRTL

Gregory Moses; Barbara Ingham; Katherine Barnicle; Jake Blanchard; Jan Cheetham; Sandra Courter; Elizabeth DeVos; Margaret Immendorf; Michael Litzkow; Gina Svarovsky; Alan Wolf

2006-01-01

448

Teaching with Clickers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This posting on the Tomorrow's Professor Mailing List is an excerpt from a longer article, Teaching with Clickers, by Erping Zhu, coordinator of instructional technology at the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) at the University of Michigan. The full article can be found at http://www.crlt.umich.edu/publinks/CRLT_no22.pdf. This summary highlights what students like about clickers and a variety of ways faculty use clickers in the classroom.

List, Tomorrow'S P.; Learning, Stanford C.

449

Teaching Electrostatics in University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an optional course on applied electrostatics that was offered to electrical engineers in their final year. Topics included the determination of electric fields, nature of the charging process, static electricity in liquids, solid state processes, charged particle applications, and electrostatic ignition. (GS)

Hughes, J. F.

1974-01-01

450

Project TEACH: Creating a Pathway to a Teaching Career.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Project TEACH is a 2-year preservice teacher education program housed at the Green River Community College in Auburn, Washington, and linked with K-12 schools, community colleges, and university undergraduate programs. The program is designed to: (1) recruit more talented students into the teaching profession; (2) provide practical and diverse…

Clay, Keith; Gilliland, Christie; Heizer, Leslie; Kinholt, Steve; Reising, Pam

451

Enhancing Teaching Quality through Peer Review of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the introduction of peer review of teaching in a pre-1992 university in England. The paper first considers the theoretical dimensions. Peer review of teaching is generally seen as a quality enhancement rather than a quality assurance instrument and a powerful means of encouraging the continuing professional development of…

Lomas, Laurie; Nicholls, Gill

2005-01-01

452

"Great Classroom Teaching" and More: Awards for Outstanding Teaching Evaluated  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this paper teaching excellence awards are evaluated, with an eye to improving them. Design/methodology/approach: Literature is reviewed and an analytic framework developed in Canada is modified to apply to the University of Sydney's Vice Chancellor Outstanding Teaching Award. Data come from 60 respondents familiar with the Sydney award…

Jackson, Michael

2006-01-01

453

AAPT Outstanding Teaching Assistant Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each year, AAPT solicits nominations for Outstanding Teaching Assistant Awards. Any college or university department chair may nominate one Outstanding Teaching Assistant at that institution to be recognized with an AAPT Outstanding Teaching Assistant Award. The award includes a certificate and a complimentary one-year student membership in AAPT. The award winner also receives electronic access to the American Journal of Physics and The Physics Teacher. The annual deadline for nominations is June 1.

2010-07-18

454

Teaching Learning Styles with Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the challenges that physical education teacher education (PETE) program faculty face is how to use technology effectively as a teaching tool while at the same time teaching students to incorporate technology into their own classrooms. Recently, faculty members in the Department of Kinesiology at Sonoma State University (SSU) have been…

Schell, Lea Ann

2004-01-01

455

Toward Reflective Social Studies Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Pittsburgh's Social Studies Seminar and School Practicum introductory courses for prospective secondary school social studies teachers incorporate both practicum and seminar activities to foster reflective teaching that emphasizes the school context, as opposed to the classroom experience, of teaching. (CB)

Gottlieb, Esther; Cornbleth, Catherine

1988-01-01

456

Conceptual Systems and Teaching Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to determine whether knowledge of teachers' conceptual systems can be used to predict teaching styles in handling information and applying sanctions, the teaching styles of 136 home economics student teachers from three midwestern universities were measured by coding tape-recorded lessons according to Joyce's system, and two…

Murphy, Patricia D.

457

Teaching Music from a Distance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Imagine being able to teach a music class live over the Internet. Actually, one does not have to imagine it. Advances in technology over the past few years have now made it possible to teach almost any class in a virtual environment. Building on the success that colleges and universities have had with moving graduate music education courses onto…

Criswell, Chad

2009-01-01

458

Teaching about Death to Undergraduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Development, implementation, and teaching of a college-level course on dying and death are described. The authors review their own experiences in becoming involved with death education and describe teaching methods, problems, and content of their current course in dying and death at the State University of New York, College at New Paltz. Because…

Pine, Vanderlyn R.; And Others

459

Teaching about Religion with Food  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a particular teaching strategy that involves using food playfully in the classroom in order to change the mood, generate different forms of learning, and prod students to connect food and religion. I offer a rationale for teaching with food, then provide an application from a university course on Gnosticism. My goal is to…

Desjardins, Michel

2004-01-01

460

Collegiality and Better Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the past five years, teachers from four Houston-area school districts have joined together in a professional learning community (PLC) to improve their science teaching. Through the University of Houston-Clear Lake (UHCL) Regional Collaborative for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching, the teachers strengthen content knowledge and…

Weiser, Brenda

2012-01-01

461

Introduction: Teaching Rites and Wrongs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book owes its inspiration to a canteen conversation. We were comparing experiences of university teaching, and our lack of preparation for it. Swapping tips, we began to wonder if such topics were ever discussed more formally and collec- tively. Teaching was the day job, defining much of one's time and habitus as a discipline-based academic, but unless one was

David Mills; Mark Harris

462

Evaluating Clinical Teaching in Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical students have been rating clinical teaching in an obstetrics and gynecology clerkship at the University of Washington using an assessment form designed to reflect six factors of clinical teaching effectiveness. High interrater reliability and the utility of the data for faculty development and advancement are discussed. (Author/JMD)

Irby, David; Rakestraw, Philip

1981-01-01

463

Creative Ways to Teach Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents activities, materials, and instructions for three classroom games developed in University of Illinois nutrition education workshops on new ways to teach nutrition: Vit-A-Vend, Nutrition Basketball, and Nutrition Baseball. (MF)|

Spitze, Hazel Taylor; And Others

1977-01-01

464

Flourishing Craft: Teaching Intelligence Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Conference on Teaching Intelligence Studies at Colleges and Universities establishes another benchmark in the advancement of thought on the democratization of the concept of intelligence and of the intelligence calling. This collection of papers high...

J. Macartney M. M. Lowenthal P. L. Pickert R. E. Burnett R. G. Swenson

1999-01-01

465

Creating and Translating Knowledge about Teaching and Learning in Collaborative School-University Research Partnerships: An Analysis of What Is Exchanged across the Partnerships, by Whom and How  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst there is a growing body of literature on practitioner research and the role of collaborations and partnerships that include universities in that process, there are relatively few studies examining the role of the university in any depth. We reflect on 12 years of working in school-university collaborative research partnerships through an…

Baumfield, Vivienne; Butterworth, Marie

2007-01-01

466

Teaching Writing in a College of Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the experience of one teacher that led to his being hired by the English Department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor; the curriculum at the University for teaching communication skills to engineers is briefly outlined. (KS)|

Sawyer, Thomas M.

1977-01-01

467

Team Teaching: Are Two Better than One?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explored two assumptions about college teaching and learning: first, that faculty teach in isolation, as institutional culture values and rewards autonomy over collaboration; and second, that faculty collaboration improves instruction. They present findings from an experiment in team teaching in a university beginning Spanish course…

Bettencourt, M. L.; Weldon, A. A.

2011-01-01

468

Linking Teaching and Research: An Alternative Perspective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses how universities and the academics who work in them understand the relationship between teaching and research. In several countries, acknowledgement of the need to link teaching and research has led to the development of institutional strategies to achieve this goal. In South Africa, the linking of teaching

Boughey, Chrissie

2012-01-01

469

Fitting in and Learning to Teach: Tensions in Developing a Vision for a University-Based Induction Program for Beginning Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing and retaining highly qualified teachers are central elements in efforts to improve teaching and learning in the United States. As part of these efforts, higher education institutions are beginning to design comprehensive induction programs for their graduates. The purpose of this article is to describe the development of a conceptual…

Stanulis, Randi Nevins; Burrill, Gail; Ames, Karen Thies

2007-01-01

470

Insight: An Annual Collection of Articles on Teaching and Learning by Faculty of the Community Colleges of the State University of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 15 articles on teaching and learning by community college faculty explores the following topics: (1) using modern treatments of standard literary themes and texts to enhance "relevance"; (2) coordination of a course based on Jacob Bronowski's "The Ascent of Man"; (3) planning a "Library Awareness Day"; (4) use of a management…

Burns, Charles A., Ed.

471

Using a Standardized Video-Based Assessment in a University Teacher Education Program to Examine Preservice Teachers Knowledge Related to Effective Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Video Assessment of Interactions and Learning (VAIL), a video-based assessment of teacher understanding of effective teaching strategies and behaviors, was administered to preservice teachers. Descriptive and regression analyzes were conducted to examine trends among participants and identify predictors at the individual level and program…

Wiens, Peter D.; Hessberg, Kevin; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; DeCoster, Jamie

2013-01-01

472

The Use of Native Language in L2 Teaching: A Case Study of English Department and Preparatory Year, Najran University, Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite many ELT experts' opinions that while teaching a foreign language one should not use the mother tongue in the classroom, new researches show that sparing use of the mother tongue can be effective for the L2 learners. It is true that the 6- year compulsory English education of the school graduates of Saudi Arabia is not quite up to the…

Al-Dera, Abdullah Saad

2011-01-01

473

Coffy, YouTube, and Uncle Ben: The Use of Film and New Media in the Teaching of African American Studies at the University of Hawai'i  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses how she uses film and new media to "teach students to comprehend the complex historical, social, political, and cultural dimensions of the African American experience." The author uses D.W. Griffith's 1915 "Birth of a Nation," a number of "Blaxploitation" films, YouTube videos, and cultural tropes common to…

White, Elisa Joy

2009-01-01

474

University?district partnerships and the recruitment of tomorrow's teachers: A grassroots effort for preparing quality educators through a teaching academy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical problem facing educators today is the inability of our teacher education system to produce substantial numbers of teachers from racial, ethnic, and language minority groups. However, there is little research on partnerships that link the roles of institutions of higher education with those of school districts whose goal is to grow their own members of the teaching profession.

Mary D. Burbank; Hilary Bertagnole; Shauna Carl; Thalea Longhurst; Ken Powell; Janet Dynak

2005-01-01

475

Counseling University Instructors Based on Student Evaluations of Their Teaching Effectiveness: A Multilevel Test of Its Effectiveness under Consideration of Bias and Unfairness Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling instructors using evaluations made by their students has shown to be a fruitful approach to enhancing teaching quality. However, prior experimental studies are questionable in terms of external validity. Therefore, we conducted a non-experimental intervention study in which all of the courses offered by a specific department at a German…

Dresel, Markus; Rindermann, Heiner

2011-01-01

476

Teaching of Electrical Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Laboratory of Electrical Engineering and Health (LEEH), at Tampere University of Technology (TUT) has been actively improving the quality of teaching for its courses. This has been done, e.g., by using new WWW applications, projects and workshops, as well as case exercises. The significance of electrical safety has recently become a more important issue, due to the change in

S. Kuusiluoma; T. Keikko; T. Mannila; T. Sauramäki; P. Laitinen; L. Korpinen

477

Taking Teaching Seriously  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most college and university administrators claim to care deeply about the quality of teaching at their institutions. But, too often, their actions belie their words. Consider, for example, the following questions. Which candidate for a faculty position is usually viewed as more attractive, the promising researcher or the promising teacher? Who…

Cahn, Steven M.

2004-01-01

478

Reverence in Classroom Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: Our article develops insights from Paul Woodruff's book, Reverence: Renewing a Forgotten Virtue (Oxford University Press, 2001), to discuss reverence in teaching. We show how reverence is both a cardinal and a forgotten virtue by situating it within the philosophical tradition of virtue ethics, which involves traits of…

Garrison, Jim; Rud, A. G.

2009-01-01

479

Teaching Multicultural Counseling Prepracticum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the value of a multicultural counseling prepracticum course for counselors in training at Virginia Commonwealth University (Richmond). States that the course helps students develop their skills in multicultural counseling. Offers suggestions for teaching the course and discusses course objectives, course content, and student responses.…

McCreary, Micah L.; Walker, Tamara D.

2001-01-01

480

Teaching Environments and Aging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The approach described is used at the University of Michigan at both the undergraduate and graduate levels in architecture to implement teaching materials regarding designing for the elderly. It uses lecture series, experiential field exercises, direct input to designer studios, and elective courses on the elderly. (LBH)

Osterberg, Arvid

1977-01-01

481

Studies in Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 30 papers presented at Wake Forest University's 1997 Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) are as follows: "To Sprint or Crawl: The Effect of Classroom Activities on Student Behavior: (R. Allen); "Generating Good Grammar: Traditional and Whole Language Approaches" (D. Alexander); "Effective Teaching Methodologies for ESL…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

482

Teaching and Learning Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I review the teaching and learning of astronomy, in elementary and secondary school, colleges and universities, and for the public through astronomy outreach and communication. I describe International Year of Astronomy 2009, and some of the national and personal projects in which I am involved.

Percy, John R.

2010-10-01

483

English Teaching Profile: Morocco.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profile of the English language teaching situation in Morocco discusses the role of English within Moroccan society and within the educational system. The status of English as the second foreign language is noted, and the role of English in higher levels of education, from the second cycle of secondary school through university and…

British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

484

Teaching Nuclear History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents results of a survey of the teaching about nuclear history at U.S. colleges and universities. Reports the existence of a well-established and extensive literature, a focus on nuclear weapons or warfare, and a concentration on nuclear citizenship, therapy, or eschatology for courses outside of history departments. Discusses individual…

Holl, Jack M.; Convis, Sheila C.

1991-01-01

485

Studies in Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 30 papers presented at Wake Forest University's 1997 Annual Research Forum (Winston-Salem, North Carolina) are as follows: "To Sprint or Crawl: The Effect of Classroom Activities on Student Behavior: (R. Allen); "Generating Good Grammar: Traditional and Whole Language Approaches" (D. Alexander); "Effective Teaching Methodologies for ESL…

McCoy, Leah P., Ed.

486

Benchmarking Learning and Teaching: Developing a Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To develop a method for benchmarking teaching and learning in response to an institutional need to validate a new program in Dentistry at the University of Sydney, Australia. Design/methodology/approach: After a collaborative partner, University of Adelaide, was identified, the areas of teaching and learning to be benchmarked, PBL…

Henderson-Smart, Cheryl; Winning, Tracey; Gerzina, Tania; King, Shalinie; Hyde, Sarah

2006-01-01

487

Benchmarking Learning and Teaching: Developing a Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To develop a method for benchmarking teaching and learning in response to an institutional need to validate a new program in Dentistry at the University of Sydney, Australia. Design/methodology/approach: After a collaborative partner, University of Adelaide, was identified, the areas of teaching and learning to be benchmarked, PBL…

Henderson-Smart, Cheryl; Winning, Tracey; Gerzina, Tania; King, Shalinie; Hyde, Sarah

2006-01-01

488

A Professional Development Teaching Course for Science Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the majority of the teaching faculty at U.S. universities is composed of people who are scientific experts, research has found that most scientists do not have information about effective teaching methods (DeHaan 2005). Traditional lecture-style college science teaching does not reflect knowledge about best teaching practices based upon…

Baumgartner, Erin

2007-01-01

489

Reconceptualizing the evaluation of teaching in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trends within higher education in the United States and Canadasuggest that, although there are calls for recognition of teaching as ascholarly activity, teaching is not perceived to be a significant aspect ofscholarly work. Furthermore, policies, procedures, and criteria for theevaluation of teaching in higher education contribute to the marginalizationof teaching within the reward structures of universities and colleges.Evaluation policies, procedures,

Daniel D. Pratt

1997-01-01

490

What Makes Co-Teaching Work? Identifying the Essential Elements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As co-teaching expands into the realm of student teaching, it is essential for universities and their partner districts to examine those components that are critical to the success of a co-teaching partnership. This paper will share the process used in the development of the What Makes Co-teaching Work (WMCW) instrument used to support the…

Bacharach, Nancy L.; Heck, Teresa Washut; Dahlberg, Kathryn R.

2008-01-01

491

Perspectives on implementing a framework for evaluating effective teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recently published report of the Committee on Promoting and Evaluating Teaching Effectiveness (AAA, Teaching & Curriculum Section) recommends a comprehensive framework for evaluating effective teaching (Calderon, T., Gabbin, A., & Green, B. (1997). Framework for encouraging effective teaching. Harrisonburg, VA: Center for Research in Accounting Education, James Madison University). As part of the framework, the Committee advocates a portfolio

Brian Patrick Green; Thomas G. Calderon; Alexander L. Gabbin; Jerrell W. Habegger

1999-01-01

492

A Professional Development Teaching Course for Science Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the majority of the teaching faculty at U.S. universities is composed of people who are scientific experts, research has found that most scientists do not have information about effective teaching methods (DeHaan 2005). Traditional lecture-style college science teaching does not reflect knowledge about best teaching practices based upon…

Baumgartner, Erin

2007-01-01

493

Ethics and the University. Professional Ethics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book brings together the closely related topics of the practice of ethics in the university, "academic ethics," and the teaching of practical, or applied, ethics in the university. The volume considers practical ethics, research ethics, the teaching of ethics, and sexual ethics as related to the university. The chapters are: (1) "The Ethics…

Davis, Michael

494

Teaching\\/Learning and Research Nexus in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching and research are the two most important traditional functions of universities. It is widely recognised that teaching contributes to enrichment of research and research contributes to enhanced levels of teaching. Both are closely related, inter-dependent and mutually supportive. However, the nexus between the two is not necessarily strong in all cases and all times. In some cases, universities are

Phuong Nga Nguyen; Jandhyala B G Tilak

2007-01-01

495

An exploration of the instructional practices of former university elementary education students: Are research-based practices for teaching reading being implemented in their elementary classrooms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the instructional reading practices of four elementary teachers, all graduates of a small branch campus of a large Midwestern University, who obtained their Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education and have been employed in public elementary schools for nearly three years. The four individuals were former university students of mine, and all had previously experienced classroom literacy

Jacquelyn M Covault

2011-01-01

496

Teaching Biochemistry at Lisbon University--Facing the Challenge of the Bologna Declaration in the 25th Anniversary of the Biochemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The biochemistry degree has been taught at Lisbon University for 25 years. Since its creation, the curriculum is characterized for being widely eclectic and multidisciplinary. The adoption of the concepts proposed in Europe by the Declaration of Bologna and incorporation of these ideas at Lisbon University is discussed here for the biochemistry…

Farinha, Carlos M.; Freire, Ana Ponces

2007-01-01

497

An Exploration of the Instructional Practices of Former University Elementary Education Students: Are Research-Based Practices for Teaching Reading Being Implemented in Their Elementary Classrooms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the instructional reading practices of four elementary teachers, all graduates of a small branch campus of a large Midwestern University, who obtained their Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education and have been employed in public elementary schools for nearly three years. The four individuals were former university students…

Covault, Jacquelyn M.

2011-01-01

498

In the House of Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL), Teaching Lives Upstairs and Learning in the Basement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Staff and students grumble about how research allegedly obscures the merits of exemplary teaching at universities. Modern efforts to move teaching from the periphery to the centre of the university were marked by books on the scholarship of teaching (SoT). Starting in the 1990s it became possible for academic staff to cite their SoT in claims for…

Boshier, Roger; Huang, Yan

2008-01-01

499

Ocean Engineering Teaching at the University Level. Recommended Guidelines from the Unesco/IOC/ECOR Workshop on Advanced University Curricula in Ocean Engineering and Related Fields (Paris, France, October, 1982). Unesco Reports in Marine Science, No. 25.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report contains recommendations on advanced university curricula in ocean engineering and related areas, emphasizing the needs of developing countries. A decision matrix is included to assist users in developing the necessary criteria for designing appropriate curricula to prepare university students for careers in different ocean…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Marine Sciences.

500

Teaching Heritage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Subtitled "a professional development Website for teachers," Teaching Heritage is an impressive collection of information and resources for teaching Australian history and culture. There are eight main sections to the site: four offer teaching resources and four provide teaching units. The resource sections include an examination of different ways of defining heritage, an Australian heritage timeline, discussions of different approaches to teaching heritage through media, and outcomes-based approaches in teaching and assessing heritage coursework. The teaching units deal in depth with issues of citizenship, nationalism, Australian identities, and new cultural values. A Heritage Gallery features images of various culturally significant or representative places in Australia, such as New Italy, the Dundullimal Homestead, Australian Hall, Kelly's Bush, and many more. Obviously, teachers of Civics on the southern continent will find this site extremely useful, but the teaching units -- rich with texts and images -- also offer fascinating introductions for anyone interested in the issues of Australian nation-making.