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1

Adult Surgical Emergencies in a Developing Country: The Experience of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to examine the adult surgical emergencies seen at the Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi, with a view to proffering preventive solutions where appropriate and improving outcome. From the register of patients seen at the Casualty department and from the operations register in the main operation room of NAUTH, names and hospital numbers

Gabriel U. Chianakwana; Chima C. Ihegihu; Pius I. S. Okafor; Stanley N. C. Anyanwu; Okechukwu O. Mbonu

2005-01-01

2

Maternal mortality at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Southeast Nigeria: a 10-year review (2003-2012)  

PubMed Central

Background Maternal mortality is high the world over, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. Nigeria has consistently demonstrated one of the most abysmally poor reproductive health indices in the world, maternal mortality inclusive. This is a sad reminder that, unless things are better organized, Southeast Nigeria, which Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH) represents, may not join other parts of the world in attaining Millennium Development Goal 5 to improve maternal health in 2015. Objectives This study was conducted to assess NAUTH’S progress in achieving a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and to identify the major causes of maternal mortality. Materials and methods This was a 10-year retrospective study, conducted between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2012 at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Southeast Nigeria. Results During the study period, there were 8,022 live births and 103 maternal deaths, giving an MMR of 1,284/100,000 live births. The MMR was 1,709 in 2003, reducing to 1,115 in 2012. This is to say that there was a 24.86% reduction over 10 years, hence, in 15 years, the reduction should be 37%. This extrapolated reduction over 15 years is about 38% less than the target of 75% reduction. The major direct causes of maternal mortality in this study were: pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (27%), hemorrhage (22%), and sepsis (12%). The indirect causes were: anemia, anesthesia, and HIV encephalopathy. Most of the maternal deaths occurred in unbooked patients (98%) and within the first 48 hours of admission (76%). Conclusion MMRs in NAUTH are still very high and the rate of reduction is very slow. At this rate, it will take this health facility 30 years, instead of 15 years, to achieve a 75% reduction in maternal mortality.

Obiechina, NJ; Okolie, VE; Okechukwu, ZC; Oguejiofor, CF; Udegbunam, OI; Nwajiaku, LSA; Ogbuokiri, C; Egeonu, R

2013-01-01

3

University teaching - where next?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A one-day workshop will take place on 23 April 1999 at the University of Edinburgh's Conference and Training Centre to consider the topic `The future of university teaching? Multimedia, web and new technologies'. The workshop is being organized by Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre and will be attended by experts in distance learning from various institutions including the Clyde Virtual University and the Open University, plus a speaker from the USA. They will present case studies of the opportunities new technologies provide for higher education, covering all aspects from development of electronic courses through delivery mechanisms to user feedback. There is certainly an increasing need for quality teaching materials and new ways of learning. The workshop will aim to discuss how those involved in university teaching can benefit from new developments such as multimedia, the Internet, as well as new computing and networking technologies. Participation is free, with lunch and refreshments provided. More information and registration details can be found at http://www.epcc.ed.ac.uk/epcc-tec/JTAP/workshop/ or by e-mail to epcc-tec@epcc.ed.ac.uk.

1999-03-01

4

Teaching Geomorphology at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geomorphology courses in British universities emphasize the main landform/process systems rather than more abstract concepts. Recommends a more theoretical focus on fundamental geomorphic processes and methodological problems. Available from: Faculty of Modern Studies, Oxford Polytechnic, Headington, Oxford OX3 OBP, England. (Author/AV)

Sugden, David; Hamilton, Patrick

1978-01-01

5

University Teaching: A Guide for Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for graduate teaching assistants (TAs) presents 15 essays regarding the place of teaching in the lives of those teaching at the university level, and the responsibilities of teachers at all points in their careers. The book offers practical classroom strategies as well as selections from current research on teaching and learning. The 15…

Lambert, Leo M., Ed.; And Others

6

Multicultural Teaching in the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a collection of papers that address the enhancement of faculty teaching and learning in an increasingly interconnected multicultural society. Three interconnected dimensions of multicultural teaching are focused upon: content, process and discourse, and diversity of faculty and students. Papers and their authors are as follows:…

Schoem, David, Ed.; And Others

7

Teaching Counselling in Universities: Match or Mismatch?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raises questions about the match between the culture of counseling and the culture of universities, with a particular emphasis on traditional university styles of pedagogy and the learning requirements of trainee counselors. Drawing on Kolb's model of experiential learning, examines issues relating to teaching methods and assessment procedures.…

Berry, Mary; Woolfe, Ray

1997-01-01

8

Support for Teaching at Major Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major themes that dominate institutional support for teaching are addressed by representatives of large research-oriented institutions of higher education that form the "Panel on Research and Development of Instructional Resources." The Panel is composed of the Big Ten universities and the University of Chicago. Contents are as follows: "The Panel…

Ericksen, Stanford C., Ed.; Cook, John A., Ed.

9

Suggestions to Deepen the Teaching Innovation of Zhejiang Gongshang University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zhejiang Gongshang University is on the crucial turning from teaching-oriented university to the teaching-study-oriented university. How to deal properly with the relation between teaching and study researches is a pressing problem. This article offers several suggestions to deepen the teaching innovation based on the experiences of those famous…

Xu, Jian-chun; Yu, Xiao-han

2008-01-01

10

Teaching Mindfulness at a Public Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the lack of published spiritual practices in classroom settings, particularly in public colleges and universities, this article provides one way of promoting mindfulness in an academic course format. Personal insights and practices are shared as a way to encourage fellow instructors not only to teach mindfulness but, more importantly, to…

Lee, Jenny J.

2012-01-01

11

The Teaching of Electromagnetism at University Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses different kinds of material presentation in the teaching of electromagnetism at the university level, including three "classical" approaches and the Keller personalized proctorial system. Indicates that a general introduction to generators and motors may be useful in an electromagnetism course. (CC)

Houldin, J. E.

1974-01-01

12

Developing university teaching: A strategy for revitalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Institutional policies and practices aimed at developing university teaching are analysed according to various theoretical perspectives which seek to explain why some innovations are successful and others are not. Within this framework the role of academic staff employed on a full- or part-time basis to support such development is also examined. Following from this analysis a coherent strategy to facilitate

Desmond Rutherford

1982-01-01

13

Teaching Physics at a University in Finland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From January through May, 2011 the author was able to teach physics courses in an engineering curriculum at a university in Helsinki, Finland. Many differences, both in the curriculum and the culture, were experienced during this period and these will be discussed in this paper.

Sullivan, James

2012-04-01

14

Award-winning university teachers' concepts of teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twelve recipients of awards for excellence in teaching at The University of Sydney provided interview responses to a series of questions designed to tap their conceptual repertoires regarding teaching effectiveness and the evaluation of teaching. Their responses were compared to those of two groups of novice university teachers from the same university. The award-winners were found to have more complex

M. J. Dunkin; R. P. Precians

1992-01-01

15

Assessing the Impact of a University Teaching Development Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four different indicators are used to assess the impact of a year-long university teaching development programme in an Australian research-led university. All four indicators show small positive outcomes. Teachers who complete the programme have higher rates of receipt of teaching awards and teaching development grants than their colleagues who do…

Trigwell, Keith; Rodriguez, Katia Caballero; Han, Feifei

2012-01-01

16

Organisational Change and the Improvement of University Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of organizational change on teaching are examined using the experience of the University of Massachusetts. The introduction of new programs, contexts, and challenges encourage teachers to reexamine their assumptions, ideas, values, commitments and, therefore, their teaching. (JMF)

Woodbury, Robert L.

1979-01-01

17

The Three Steps of Interactive Teaching in University of Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reforming the traditional teaching mode and practicing a student-centered interactive teaching mode is the trend of development of the university. Interactive teaching can not only inspire the students' enthusiasm to learn and make them obtain better results on study, but also improve their analytical ability, practical ability and creative…

Zhou, Run-xian

2006-01-01

18

Teaching Efficacy of Universiti Putra Malaysia Science Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study was to access teaching efficacy of Universiti Putra Malaysia Science student teachers. The specific objectives were to determine teaching efficacy of Science student teachers in terms of student engagement; instructional strategies; classroom management and teaching with computers in classroom; their satisfaction with…

Bakar, Abd. Rahim; Konting, Mohd. Majid; Jamian, Rashid; Lyndon, Novel

2008-01-01

19

Attitudes of Spanish University Teaching Staff to Quality in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article sets out to investigate the notions Spanish university teaching staff have of quality in education, on the assumption that those notions give a reliable picture of the attitudes of teaching staff towards education policy design and university management. The paper takes an empirical approach, collecting opinions telematically via a…

Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea-Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; Mijangos-Del-Campo, Juan Jose; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon

2012-01-01

20

Using Computers in University Teaching: A Perspective on Key Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact and achievement of the Computers in Teaching Initiative (CTI), a national program developed to foster the effective use of computers in teaching in universities in the United Kingdom. Difficulties in identifying quality software resources are discussed, and management issues that computer use generates in universities are…

Gardner, Nigel; Darby, Jonathan

1990-01-01

21

Student Learning and the Scholarship of University Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of models of the scholarship of university teaching have been advocated since Boyer first proposed that the scholarship of teaching be considered as one of four forms of scholarship associated with university practices. These models have evolved from theoretical and empirically based analyses, and have as their core value concepts as…

Trigwell, Keith; Shale, Suzanne

2004-01-01

22

Wayne State University Radiology Teaching File  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Wayne State University Radiology Teaching File, sponsored by the Detroit Receiving Hospital, is a collection of radiographic images. These images are divided into six categories: neuroradiology, chest, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal. Each set contains radiographic images of infections, trauma, disorders, and other common types of injuries and illnesses which warrant a radiologist or radiographer to intervene. This site is very helpful for diagnostic radiology students to become familiar with how these common problems manifest themselves and what they look like in radiology images. These images are also helpful for educators to use in the classroom as a quiz or part of lecture notes so students can better diagnose and treat patients. Be sure to check out the \\"Anatomy Models\\" as well, for information of radiologic anatomy.

2006-12-19

23

Factors Affecting University Teaching Team Effectiveness in Detached Working Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the outcomes of a study of the factors that contribute to teaching team effectiveness in situations where team members rarely meet face to face. Academic faculty within a university Business School were asked to report the degrees to which they believed that the module teaching teams to which they belonged contained members who…

Bennett, Roger; Kane, Suzanne

2014-01-01

24

Teaching Law to Online Law Students at RMIT University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the online Juris Doctor Program (JD Program) at RMIT University. The first part of the paper provides a brief overview of the JD Program, the graduate capabilities of the Program and key principles associated with the teaching of law to online postgraduate students. In line with the literature in the area of online teaching

Babacan, Alperhan

2011-01-01

25

What Do University Language Teachers Say about Language Teaching Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the relationship between research and language teaching is often discussed among applied linguists, the views of language teachers are often reported anecdotally, if at all. Our article explores how language teaching colleagues in a Canadian university view this relationship as expressed in open-ended questionnaire responses and…

Allison, Desmond; Carey, Julia

2007-01-01

26

[Importance of the university library for scientific research and teaching].  

PubMed

The key features of a university library as a support for scientific research and for teaching activity are pointed out with special attention to affinities and differences. In any case, the library is of primary importance for the advance of science, in direct form as a research support and, indirectly, as a teaching support. PMID:3173761

Romano, G

1988-09-01

27

Study War Once More: Teaching Vietnam at Air University.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines one military institution--Air University (AU)--what it is teaching about the Vietnam War, how that teaching has evolved over the 10 years since the end of the war, and what this evolution may reveal about the extent to which military i...

1985-01-01

28

Evaluation of Teaching Veterinary Medicine at the University of Nairobi.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of graduates from the University of Nairobi, Kenya in the field of veterinary medicine is reported. Areas covered include curriculum; teaching techniques; quality of faculty; and examinations. (JMF)

Lindstrom, U. B.

1976-01-01

29

Consumerism and consumer complexity: implications for university teaching and teaching evaluation.  

PubMed

A contemporary issue is the effects of a corporate production metaphor and consumerism on university education. Efforts by universities to attract students and teaching strategies aimed at 'adult learners' tend to treat student consumers as a homogeneous group with similar expectations. In this paper, I argue that consumer groups are not uniform. I use Dagevos' theoretical approach to categorize consumers as calculating, traditional, unique, and responsible. Based on the characteristics of consumers occupying these categories, I describe the implications of the varying consumer expectations for teaching. I also consider the implications for evaluation of teaching and call for research taking consumer types into account when evaluating teaching. PMID:23582877

Hall, Wendy A

2013-07-01

30

Assessment of Teaching Quality: Survey of University Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose was to investigate higher education quality because there are links between the main society and university graduates and the university. Methodology: This research sought aspects of the teaching quality of the Faculty that could be improved. The spheres were: improvement in qualifications of the teachers; finding ways to…

Stankeviciene, Jurate

2007-01-01

31

Comparing Research and Teaching in University Promotion Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article categorises the different criteria and weightings used to determine promotions in UK universities. The criteria were analysed to determine the extent to which they recognise research and teaching equally as evidence for promotion. The results show that universities have largely adopted formal parity in the criteria for senior and…

Parker, Jonathan

2008-01-01

32

Present State of CAD Teaching in Spanish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1990s, all Spanish Universities updated the syllabuses of their courses as a result of the entry into force of the new Organic Law of Universities ("Ley Organica de Universidades") and, for the first time, "Computer Assisted Design" (CAD) appears in the list of core subjects (compulsory teaching content set by the government) in many of…

Garcia, Ramon Rubio; Santos, Ramon Gallego; Quiros, Javier Suarez; Penin, Pedro I. Alvarez

2005-01-01

33

Competing Views of Teaching in a School-University Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines how differing views on the teacher's role in school reform affected the work of a school-university partnership. The school district and the university had a history of partnerships and shared common general goals. Yet, as the partnership progressed, conflicting perspectives about teaching and the purpose of professional…

Bartholomew, Samantha Scribner; Sandholtz, Judith Haymore

2009-01-01

34

Online Teaching and University Policy: Investigating the Disconnect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are just beginning to experience the impact of the increasing use of online technologies on academic policies and procedures originally formulated for the traditional face-to-face teaching context. In this case study, the experience of one university is used to demonstrate the types of policies that require examination and…

Wallace, Lori

2007-01-01

35

Teaching English as a Second Language to Mexican University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes one teacher's experiences teaching English to Mexican university students at the Instituto Technologico y de Estudios Superiores de Mexico (ITESM), which is considered Mexico's top private university. The author taught two levels of English as a Second Language: English 2 and advanced English. The entire ITESM system used the…

Frusher, Susan

36

Teaching Computer Science at a Small University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Small universities do not have all of the resources that larger ones do. There are fewer computers, fewer teachers, fewer technicians and of course less money. Charleston Southern University (CSU) seeks to be one of the smallest universities to meet national accreditation standards in computer science (ABET-CAC). This presentation will provide a…

Briner, Jack V., Jr.; Roberts, James E.; Worthy, Fred

2005-01-01

37

Ohio State University College of Pharmacy Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy Teaching Resources site is designed for those persons working to educate pharmacy students. Some of the materials are specific to the academic programs at the College, but many of them are meant to be used across a range of educational settings. Many of these materials can be found in the Tools for Teaching section on the right-hand side of the homepage. Visitors shouldn't miss the "How to Write Better Tests: A Handbook for Improving Test Construction Skills" document. Created by Lucy C. Jacobs, this helpful article contains detailed advice for crafting meaningful tests, with suggestions on test format, essay items, and multiple choice items. Users shouldn't miss the direct link to the University Center for the Advancement of Teaching, which includes essays by faculty members (under the Read area), along with additional resources such as a document on crafting an effective teaching portfolio.

2012-06-08

38

Philosophy-in-Action in University Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 14 college professors' teaching philosophies and perceptions of classroom practice identified 4 themes: teacher's role as expert or co-learner; tensions arising from creating a comfortable classroom environment while fostering critical thinking; forms of change in the learner; and institutional issues that make enactment of…

Scott, Sue M.; And Others

1994-01-01

39

Research and teaching opportunities using university research reactors  

SciTech Connect

The university research reactor community in the United States currently is comprised of {approximately}36 operating reactors with powers ranging from near zero to 10 MW(thermal). These facilities are widely distributed geographically and support an unusually broad range of research and educational activities. This paper reviews the research and teaching opportunities that are made available by university research reactors (URRs). An attempt will be made, albeit subjective, to correlate the research and teaching capabilities of URRs with their power and flux levels.

Harling, O.K. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

1994-12-31

40

University of Nebraska Summer Teaching Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides course information for intensive course study during a summer institute at the University of Nebraska. The courses available include: Cell Biology/Histology, Human Gross Anatomy, Embryology , and Medical Neuroscience.

University of Nebraska Summer Institute (University of Nebraska Medical Center)

2012-07-24

41

Connecting university science experiences to middle school science teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Science teachers naturally rely on their university science experiences as a foundation for teaching middle school science.\\u000a This foundation consists of knowledge far too complex for the middle level students to comprehend. In order for middle school\\u000a science teachers to utilize their university science training they must search for ways to adapt their college experiences\\u000a into appropriate middle school learning

Gordon Johnson; Laura Laughran; Ray Tamppari; Perry Thomas

1991-01-01

42

Establishing a Teaching Support Center at a Land Grant University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teaching Support Center (TSC) at the University of North Dakota was established in 1992 to provide faculty and graduate assistants with a wide range of pedagogical, professional, and technological assistance in order to improve the quality of instruction. A 3-year plan was developed to implement 13 goals, which are: (1) determining the needs…

Jackman, Diane H.; Swan, Michael K.

43

Performative Pedagogy: Resignifying Teaching in the Corporatized University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay reexamines pedagogical practice and its normative assessment in the American university system by employing an approach derived from Michel Foucault's knowledge/power nexus. While a systematically applied curriculum such as Gerald Graff's "teaching the conflicts" has the potential to democratize higher education, it may be ineffective…

Brenner, David

2006-01-01

44

TEL and University Teaching: Different Approaches for Different Purposes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching innovation in university education, especially when based on the use of information and communication technology (ICT), is a long process and is strongly conditioned by many variables such as the specific cultural context, the availability of resources (human and technological), the level of knowledge the faculty members possess on the…

Trentin, Guglielmo

2008-01-01

45

The "Biographical Turn" in University Sociology Teaching: A Bernsteinian Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about what happens to disciplinary knowledge when it is taught in contemporary UK universities of different status. Here, Basil Bernstein's theories are applied to what sociology lecturers say about teaching, demonstrating that in conditions in which students are less likely to engage with sociological theory, lecturers,…

McLean, Monica; Abbas, Andrea

2009-01-01

46

Teaching CAD at the University: Specifically Written or Commercial Software?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At most universities throughout the world Computer Aided Design is taught using commercial programs more suitable for business and industry than for teaching. This led us to write our own design program (GIcad) starting from the best-known standards on the market, but always avoiding unnecessary commands in the first steps of the learning process.…

Garcia, Ramon Rubio; Quiros, Javier Suarez; Santos, Ramon Gallego; Penin, Pedro I. Alvarez

2007-01-01

47

Faculty Perceptions of Multicultural Teaching in a Large Urban University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As college graduates face an increasingly globalized world, it is imperative to consider issues of multicultural instruction in higher education. This study presents qualitative and quantitative findings from a survey of faculty at a large, urban, midwestern university regarding perceptions of multicultural teaching. Faculty were asked how they…

Bigatti, Sylvia M.; Gibau, Gina Sanchez; Boys, Stephanie; Grove, Kathy; Ashburn-Nardo, Leslie; Khaja, Khadiji; Springer, Jennifer Thorington

2012-01-01

48

Self-Regulated Learning about University Teaching: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While research on self-regulated learning has been proliferating over the past decade, also within higher education settings, only very few studies apply the notion of self-regulated learning to teaching. We offer this exploratory study as a contribution to our understanding of the role of self-regulated learning in university instructors' growth…

Kreber, Carolin; Castleden, Heather; Erfani, Nina; Wright, Tarah

2005-01-01

49

"Structural Transformation" as a Threshold Concept in University Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to reveal potential threshold concepts in the field of higher education pedagogy, groups of university teachers (in the UK and in Panama) were encouraged to develop personal reflection upon their conceptions of teaching. This was initiated through concept mapping activities. It was hoped that this would help participants to address…

Kinchin, Ian M.; Miller, Norma L.

2012-01-01

50

No Academic Borders?: Transdisciplinarity in University Teaching and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transdisciplinarity has been a veritable mantra, especially in the humanities and social sciences, for twenty years or more. Yet academic structures and research application requirements still struggle to come to grips with cross-boundary research and teaching. Making universities more trans-discipline-friendly is a tricky task, however. As Wendy…

Russell, A. Wendy

2005-01-01

51

Mission Creep and Teaching at the Master's University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The accusation of mission creep at master's institutions is not erroneous. It has been occurring for decades. The imitation of the research universities by other institutions is not good for the institutions, for their faculty members, or for the cause of college teaching. Research and scholarship need to be differentiated so that scholarliness,…

Henderson, Bruce B.

2009-01-01

52

Modern Language Teaching by the Correspondence Method: One University's Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of an investigation of correspondence teaching methods and of a series of interviews with University of Waterloo faculty suggest that correspondence language instruction should be an integral part of continuing education and has a significant untapped market among adults. Recent technological advancements will serve this endeavor well.…

Karpiak, Robert

1982-01-01

53

Effective University Teaching: Views of Australian University Students from Low Socio-Economic Status Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the Australian higher education population further diversifies as a result of federal government policy changes, the collective understanding of effective university teaching in the Australian context will need to evolve to incorporate such shifts. The Australian Government has set clear targets for increased university participation of people…

Devlin, Marcia; O'Shea, Helen

2012-01-01

54

[The contradictory requirements of university teaching in Chile].  

PubMed

Chile should become a member of the "society of knowledge". Therefore, undergraduate curricula of university careers should be revised, to offer shorter programs that prepare for a permanent training during the whole professional life. This proposal requires an agile academic team, endowed with the adequate methodological tools, but also a contingent of interested and motivated students with comprehension and expression skills and a study discipline. This article comments on the training deficiencies of students that are admitted to Chilean universities and the difficulties of university teachers to compensate this training deficiencies in order to teach their subjects in shorter lapses. PMID:18180844

Norero V, Colomba

2007-10-01

55

[Benchmarking of university trauma centers in Germany. Research and teaching].  

PubMed

Benchmarking is a very popular business process and meanwhile is used in research as well. The aim of the present study is to elucidate key numbers of German university trauma departments regarding research and teaching. The data set is based upon the monthly reports given by the administration in each university. As a result the study shows that only well-known parameters such as fund-raising and impact factors can be used to benchmark university-based trauma centers. The German federal system does not allow a nationwide benchmarking. PMID:21691781

Gebhard, F; Raschke, M; Ruchholtz, S; Meffert, R; Marzi, I; Pohlemann, T; Südkamp, N; Josten, C; Zwipp, H

2011-07-01

56

Teaching Astronomy from Elementary School to University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth sciences are included in both elementary and secondary education school curricula in Portugal because it increases students' skills concerning living in planet Earth. Astronomy concepts and laws are learned to provide a global understanding of the constitution and characterization of the universe, the solar system and the position of Earth in these systems. The Earth in Space theme comprises: the universe (scale measurements and characterization); the solar system (origin, constitution, orientation, dimension and characterization); the Earth in the solar system (movements and forces); and the Earth (shape and constitution). Interaction processes between the Sun, the Earth and the Moon, (e.g. earth position, explanation of day and night, reason for the seasons, phases of the moon) are also studied. It is aimed that the students learn to monitor and to register the observations. In this sense, besides the use of planetarium and field observations using telescopes we also propose the use of internet and simulation software. Our experience reveals that software dynamics studies and online exploitation techniques improve student outcomes since they provide the opportunity for students to develop their own mental models. All these resources collectively seem to provide an appropriate creative environment for students. For these reasons, we are working with elementary and secondary school teachers. We firmly believe that it is more likely to result in a gradual progress in their practices, in the curricula and in long-term improvements in students' outcomes.

Amorim, V.; Pereira, M. G.; Liberato, M. L. R.; Caramelo, L.; Amraoui, M.; Alencoão, A. M.; Reis, A.

2009-04-01

57

University teaching staffs' pedagogical awareness displayed through ICT-facilitated teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on how the teachers' pedagogical awareness is displayed and shaped while they learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) in their teaching and the aim here is to increase our understanding of university teachers as learners and as developers of their pedagogical awareness. The pedagogical awareness of teachers is examined through analysis of their thoughts on

Erika Löfström; Anne Nevgi

2008-01-01

58

University Teaching Staffs' Pedagogical Awareness Displayed through ICT-Facilitated Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on how the teachers' pedagogical awareness is displayed and shaped while they learn to use information and communication technology (ICT) in their teaching and the aim here is to increase our understanding of university teachers as learners and as developers of their pedagogical awareness. The pedagogical awareness of teachers…

Lofstrom, Erika; Nevgi, Anne

2008-01-01

59

Romanian University Physics Teaching and Research (1860 1940)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The evolution of physics teaching and research in the two most important Romanian intellectual centers Bucharest and Jassy is discussed. Three stages of historical development are reported: 1860-1890: teaching process is predominant; period of first laboratories setting-up; sporadic researches in Physics Departments of Universities; 1890-1940: appearance of small dedicated research centers around Universities (Meteorological, Seismological, Electrotechnical Institutes); after the World War II: founding of contemporary Physics Institutes, e.g. Institute of Atomic Physics, Bucharest. The recognition role played by the Romanian Academy (Scientifical Sessions and Journals) is mentioned. Short biographies of the most important professors-physicists from 1860 to 1940 are presented. Celebrations, in 1996, of one century from the first atomic physics experiment in Romania (a X-ray radiography by D. Hurmuzescu) and of the 100th birthday of H. Hulubei, the founder of modern Romanian Physics are discussed.

Constantinescu, Bogdan; Bugoi, Roxana

60

The Existence of Codes of Conduct for Undergraduate Teaching in Teaching-Oriented Four-Year Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four-year colleges and universities that espouse teaching as their primary mission bear a responsibility to safeguard the welfare of their students as clients of teaching. This responsibility takes the form of a moral imperative. Faculty members hold considerable autonomy in the professional choices they make in their teaching. As a consequence,…

Lyken-Segosebe, Dawn; Min, Yunkyung; Braxton, John M.

2012-01-01

61

Self-regulated learning about university teaching: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

While research on self-regulated learning has been proliferating over the past decade, also within higher education settings, only very few studies apply the notion of self-regulated learning to teaching. We offer this exploratory study as a contribution to our understanding of the role of self-regulated learning in university instructors’ growth as teachers. Thirty-one academic science staff participated in semi-structured interviews

Carolin Kreber; Heather Castleden; Nina Erfani; Tarah Wright

2005-01-01

62

A Four Stage Process of Cooperative Teaching for Beginning University Teachers Meeting First Year University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four stage process of co-operative teaching for beginning university teachers meeting first year groups of students provides a structured way in which classes can be developed. Through a process of induction, barriers to classroom participation are minimised, roles are clarified, academic goals are considered and an active knowledge concept is introduced. Students are encouraged to critically assess their own

JOANNA KIDMAN; KEN STEVENS

63

Teaching forensic medicine in the University of Porto.  

PubMed

The University of Porto (UP) provides education in Forensic Medicine (FM) through the 1st, 2nd and 3rd cycle of studies, post-graduation and continuing education courses. This education is related to forensic pathology, clinical forensic medicine (including forensic psychology and psychiatry), forensic chemistry and toxicology, forensic genetics and biology, and criminalistics. With this work we intent to reflect on how we are currently teaching FM in the UP, at all levels of university graduation. We will present our models, regarding the educational objectives, curricular program and teaching/learning methodologies of each cycle of studies as well as in post-graduate and continuing education courses. Historically, and besides related administratively to the Ministry of Justice, the Portuguese Medico-Legal Institutes (since 1918) and more recently the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences (INMLCF) also have educational and research responsibilities. Thus, it lends space and cooperates with academic institutions and this contribution, namely regarding teaching forensic sciences in Portugal has been judged as an example for other Countries. This contribution is so important that in UP, the Department of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of the Faculty of Medicine (FMUP) shares, until now, the same physical space with North Branch of the INMLCF, which represents a notorious advantage, since it makes possible the "learning by doing". PMID:24931860

Magalhães, Teresa; Dinis-Oliveira, Ricardo Jorge; Santos, Agostinho

2014-07-01

64

University of Washington: Center for Engineering, Learning, and Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington's Center for Engineering, Learning, and Teaching (CELT) works on a range of projects designed to enhance and improve the world of engineering education. The Research area of the site includes information on CELT's research agenda, which is focused on student knowledge retention and the integration of research and teaching. After reading about this work, visitors should head on over to the Publications area. In this area, visitors can read some of CELT's referred journal articles and look over a few presentations. Additionally, visitors can learn more about the Center's funding sources on the site, along with reading about the staff members who make the Center a vibrant place. Finally, the site includes a list of links to like-minded research institutes committed to improving engineering education.

2012-07-20

65

The Teaching Artist: A Model for University Dance Teacher Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a teaching model, "The Teaching Artist", developed to address the pedagogical and cultural divide between the traditional dance teacher and the dance artist who teaches: traditionally, one teaching about dance and the other, teaching through dance. The "Teaching Artist" model was developed through the "Q150 Project." The "Q150…

Huddy, Avril; Stevens, Kym

2011-01-01

66

Assessing the Relationship between Servant Leadership and Effective Teaching in a Private University Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To address the competition for students, the demand for increasing student enrollments and the pressure for student satisfaction, teaching effectiveness has become an increasingly common discussion on university campuses. The competition for students among universities requires a new approach to teaching. As university campuses continue to compete…

Jacobs, Karen

2011-01-01

67

University Efficiency: Complementariness versus Trade-Off between Teaching, Research and Administrative Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University managers should be aware of the importance that efficiency has for their own universities, orientating their actions towards research and teaching excellence. This study estimates teaching and research efficiency of the different departments of a university and tests the complementariness versus trade-off between them. The results…

Sellers-Rubio, Ricardo; Mas-Ruiz, Francisco J.; Casado-Diaz, Ana B.

2010-01-01

68

[The inter-university learning website: a national university network for online teaching of pathology].  

PubMed

Building online teaching materials is a highly time and energy consuming task for teachers of a single university. With the help of the Collège des pathologistes, we initiated a French national university network for building mutualized online teaching pathology cases, tests and other pedagogic resources. Nineteen French universities are associated to this project, initially funded by UNF3S (http://www.unf3s.org/). One national e-learning Moodle platform (http://virtual-slides.univ-paris7.fr/moodle/) contains texts, medias and URL pointing toward decentralized virtual slides. The Moodle interface has been explained to the teachers since september 2011 using web-based conferences with screen-sharing. The following contents have been created: 20 clinical cases, several tests with multiple choices and short answer questions, and gross examination videos. A survey with 16 teachers and students showed a 94 % satisfaction rate, most of the 16 participants being favorable to the development of e-learning, in parallel with other courses in classroom. These tools will be further developed for the different study levels of pathology. In conclusion, these tools offer very interesting perspectives for pathology teaching. The organization of a national inter-university network is a useful way to create and share numerous and good-quality pedagogic resources. PMID:23790654

Gauchotte, Guillaume; Ameisen, David; Boutonnat, Jean; Battistella, Maxime; Copie, Christiane; Garcia, Stéphane; Rigau, Valérie; Galateau-Sallé, Françoise; Terris, Benoit; Vergier, Béatrice; Wendum, Dominique; Bertheau, Philippe

2013-06-01

69

Software platform virtualization in chemistry research and university teaching  

PubMed Central

Background Modern chemistry laboratories operate with a wide range of software applications under different operating systems, such as Windows, LINUX or Mac OS X. Instead of installing software on different computers it is possible to install those applications on a single computer using Virtual Machine software. Software platform virtualization allows a single guest operating system to execute multiple other operating systems on the same computer. We apply and discuss the use of virtual machines in chemistry research and teaching laboratories. Results Virtual machines are commonly used for cheminformatics software development and testing. Benchmarking multiple chemistry software packages we have confirmed that the computational speed penalty for using virtual machines is low and around 5% to 10%. Software virtualization in a teaching environment allows faster deployment and easy use of commercial and open source software in hands-on computer teaching labs. Conclusion Software virtualization in chemistry, mass spectrometry and cheminformatics is needed for software testing and development of software for different operating systems. In order to obtain maximum performance the virtualization software should be multi-core enabled and allow the use of multiprocessor configurations in the virtual machine environment. Server consolidation, by running multiple tasks and operating systems on a single physical machine, can lead to lower maintenance and hardware costs especially in small research labs. The use of virtual machines can prevent software virus infections and security breaches when used as a sandbox system for internet access and software testing. Complex software setups can be created with virtual machines and are easily deployed later to multiple computers for hands-on teaching classes. We discuss the popularity of bioinformatics compared to cheminformatics as well as the missing cheminformatics education at universities worldwide.

2009-01-01

70

The Impact of a Course in Reflective Teaching on Student Teachers at a Local University College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which examined the impact of a course in Reflective teaching in the third year of a Bachelor of Education degree programme at a local University College. A broader purpose for the study was to continue the process of giving credence to reflective teaching as integral to effective teaching and learning. Specifically,…

Minott, Mark Anthony

2011-01-01

71

AN ATTEMPT TO IDENTIFY PROPER TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR ROMANIAN BUSINESS UNIVERSITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of our paper derives from the necessity of adopting teaching strategiesthat fit better with the students‘ professional skills. The scope of our paper is to investigatethose teaching strategies that can be adopted in Romania in order to help students to gainmore professional skills. We identified most recommended teaching strategies appliedworldwide. Then, based on constraints identified at Romanian university

Alexandra Ileana Mutiu

2011-01-01

72

Leading, managing and participating in inter-university teaching grant collaborations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the leadership and management of multi-university collaborations funded by national teaching grants. The paper commences with a review of literature relating to stages of project development, key operational issues, impediments to collaboration and the leadership and management of teaching grant collaborations. Finally, we explore critical success factors in teaching grant collaborations from three perspectives –

Lesley Willcoxson; Marie Kavanagh; Lily Cheung

2011-01-01

73

Pedagogical Ideas on Sonic, Mediated, and Virtual Musical Landscapes: Teaching Hip Hop in a University Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the experience of teaching the history of American hip hop music to a classroom of Canadian university students, the author considers the disjuncture between the cultural orientations of herself and her students. The author considers teaching methods to solve the place-based disjuncture that often occurs when teaching genres such as hip…

Dhokai, Niyati

2012-01-01

74

McKeachie's Teaching Tips: Strategies, Research, and Theory for College and University Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book is a basic "how-to" guidebook for teaching at the college and university level. The essentials of course preparation, lecture and laboratory design, testing and assessment, class management and discipline, and writing and research are outlined. The author also discusses further some specific details related to teaching college students and bridging the gap between teaching and research.

Mckeachie, Wilbert J.; Svinicki, Marilla

2006-07-22

75

Paradoxes and Counterexamples in Teaching and Learning of Probability at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is devoted to practical aspects of teaching and learning of probability at university. It presents the difficulties and attitudes of first-year university science and engineering students towards using paradoxes and counterexamples as a pedagogical strategy in teaching and learning of probability. It also presents a student's point of…

Klymchuk, Sergiy; Kachapova, Farida

2012-01-01

76

Lessons Learned Concerning a Student Centered Teaching Style by University Mathematics Professors from Secondary School Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following paper discusses the use of student centered teaching techniques in mathematics classes at the secondary level and at the university level. It appears that secondary mathematics teachers are more versatile than university professors in utilizing these teaching techniques in the classroom. This is partially driven by the No Child Left…

Schumacher, Phyllis; Kennedy, Kristin T.

2008-01-01

77

A Self-Study of the Teaching of Action Research in a University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the potential benefits of action research, teaching action research in a university setting can present challenges. Analyzing my own experiences of teaching a university-based course on action research, this self-study investigates what my students (all classroom teachers) did and did not understand about action research and what hindered…

Choi, Jung-ah

2011-01-01

78

What's It All about? Making Sense of Australian University Learning and Teaching Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities put considerable resources into developing learning and teaching plans. In this paper, we examine the purpose of these plans in the context of legislative requirements, public accountability and the quality agenda. We analyse a sample of Australian university learning and teaching plans using a framework we have developed based on…

Gray, Kathleen; Radloff, Alex

2010-01-01

79

Teaching Text Structure with UNDERSTANDING THE SCALE OF THE UNIVERSE  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a reading strategy guide in a series of guides that utilizes articles from the Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS) program. These strategy guides provide teachers of middle school students with a reading strategy (in this case, Teaching Time-Order Text Structure) and supplemental resources, background information on that strategy, connections to standards, classroom implementation techniques, tips for utilizing this strategy with students with dyslexia, and a two-page reading based on a particular space science concept. The reading incorporated into this strategy guide, UNDERSTANDING THE SCALE OF THE UNIVERSE, reports key historical points in the development of scientists' expanding ideas of the vastness of space. This strategy guide is also mapped to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts Literacy in Science & Technical Subjects, Grades 6-8.

80

Outcome of ruptured uterus at University Teaching Hospital Aleppo, Syria.  

PubMed

A 10-year review of ruptured gravid uterus at the University Teaching Hospital, Aleppo, Syria showed an incidence of one ruptured uterus in 565 deliveries. This is an average figure compared with published studies but is still high compared with developed countries. Sixty-four per cent of the cases of ruptured uterus had no antenatal care. It is no surprise therefore that maternal and fetal mortality was highest amongst the unbooked labouring women. In survivors the morbidity was also higher. Ruptured uterus is therefore a major cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity in Syria. The overall hospital maternal and perinatal mortalities for the period under review were 4.3% and 2.6% respectively. The main risk factor identified is scarring from previous caesarean sections. Other risk factors are discussed. PMID:15512134

Bakour, S; Nassif, B; Nwosu, E C

1998-09-01

81

Quality in university physics teaching: is it being achieved?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This was the title of a Physics Discipline Workshop held at the University of Leeds on 10 and 11 September 1998. Organizer Ashley Clarke of the university's Physics and Astronomy Department collected together an interesting variety of speakers polygonically targeting the topic, although as workshops go the audience didn't have to do much work except listen. There were representatives from 27 university physics departments who must have gone away with a lot to think about and possibly some new academic year resolutions to keep. But as a non-university no-longer teacher of (school) physics I was impressed with the general commitment to the idea that if you get the right quality of learning the teaching must be OK. I also learned (but have since forgotten) a lot of new acronyms. The keynote talk was by Gillian Hayes, Associate Director of the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA). She explained the role and implementation of the Subject Reviews that QAA is making for all subjects in all institutions of higher education on a five- to seven-year cycle. Physics Education hopes to publish an article about all this from QAA shortly. In the meantime, suffice it to say that the review looks at six aspects of provision, essentially from the point of view of enhancing students' experiences and learning. No doubt all participants would agree with this (they'd better if they want to score well on the Review) but may have been more worried by the next QAA speaker, Norman Jackson, who drummed in the basic facts of life as HE moves from an elite provision system to a mass provision system. He had an interesting graph showing how in the last ten years or so more students were getting firsts and upper seconds and fewer getting thirds. It seems that all those A-level students getting better grades than they used to are carrying on their good luck to degree level. But they still can't do maths (allegedly) and I doubt whether Jon Ogborn (IoP Advancing Physics Project) satisfied the doubters with a tantalisingly brief description of how the new IoP-sponsored post-16 course intends to tackle this perennial problem. Perhaps mathematics worriers could learn from the efforts being made by several universities to tackle the problem of illiterate physics students. Chris Hall from Warwick described how the Physics Department shared in, developed and adapted a whole-university project - the Warwick Writing Programme - with clear instructions, models and assessment tasks which targeted clearly defined skills in context. And it worked. It sounded a lot like Nuffield A-Level's Research and Analysis to me, but we all know that the school-university interface is semi-permeable at best. This account of a fascinating two days could go on and on. So briefly: James Miller, as Head of Newcastle Royal Grammar School, an ancestral voice prophesying doom, foresaw the demise of university physics mainly because state schools didn't have good labs, enough physics teachers or good discipline, and even when they did they probably taught some kind of general science so that their pupils never even heard of physics. How things must have changed since I stopped teaching. David Baume (FDTL (don't ask)) of the Open University made us do some work in groups and think up what qualities a good physics teacher needs. There were few surprises here, but as a physics `drop-out' Dr Baume was keen on the idea that courses should be more openly structured so that students knew where they were and indeed where they were going. Dave Wonnacott (CTI, Surrey University) showed us some up-to-date teaching software, emphasizing that the current problem was not in finding good stuff but in integrating it into courses. Finally (more or less) we were shown how all these things should be done by Dr Dick Moyes of the chemists' Project Improve. This has been up and running for several years and has organized workshops, training sessions, secondments for producing `transportable ideas' for university chemistry teachers, publications, newsletters, conferences, etc, etc, all aimed at

1998-11-01

82

Key factors in work engagement and job motivation of teaching faculty at a university medical centre.  

PubMed

This study reports about teacher motivation and work engagement in a Dutch University Medical Centre (UMC). We examined factors affecting the motivation for teaching in a UMC, the engagement of UMC Utrecht teaching faculty in their work, and their engagement in teaching compared with engagement in patient care and research. Based on a pilot study within various departments at the UMCU, a survey on teaching motivation and work engagement was developed and sent to over 600 UMCU teachers. About 50 % responded. Work engagement was measured by the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, included in this survey. From a list of 22 pre-defined items, 5 were marked as most motivating: teaching about my own speciality, noticeable appreciation for teaching by my direct superior, teaching small groups, feedback on my teaching performance, and freedom to determine what I teach. Feedback on my teaching performance showed the strongest predictive value for teaching engagement. Engagement scores were relatively favourable, but engagement with patient care was higher than with research and teaching. Task combinations appear to decrease teaching engagement. Our results match with self-determination theory and the job demands-resources model, and challenge the policy to combine teaching with research and patient care. PMID:24037742

van den Berg, B A M; Bakker, Arnold B; Ten Cate, Th J

2013-11-01

83

University Professors and Teaching Ethics: Conceptualizations and Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the spectacular ethical breaches in corporate America emerged, business school professors were singled out as having been negligent in teaching ethical standards. This exploratory study asked business school faculty about teaching ethics, including conceptualizations of ethics in a teaching context and opinions of the extent to which…

Dean, Kathy Lund; Beggs, Jeri Mullins

2006-01-01

84

The Trend and Challenge for Teaching EFL at Taiwanese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author first talks about the current situation of teaching EFL in higher education institutions in Taiwan, and indicates that the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Approach has been the most popular language teaching approach lately. Then he addresses the hybrid course approach which seems to be a trend as well as an appropriate way for…

Liu, Gi-Zen

2005-01-01

85

A Swiss Example: The Evaluation of Teaching and Research Units at the University of Geneva.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Main features of the cyclical procedure used by the University of Geneva (Switzerland) to evaluate 75 teaching and research units (TRUs) over a 6-year cycle are that it covers teaching, research, and services simultaneously and combines self-evaluation, peer assessment, and use of a database on TRU resources and achievements. (Author/MSE)

Roulet, Eddy

1994-01-01

86

Comparison of a Private Family Practice and a University Teaching Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a private family practice in Hamilton, Canada, became a teaching practice of McMaster University, a before-and-after study was conducted to compare characteristics of the patients and the impact of the change on the practice. Conclusion: Such a transplanted private practice is a realistic teaching resource in primary care. (Editor/JT)

Rudnick, K. Vincent; And Others

1976-01-01

87

Improving universal precautions and client teaching for rural health workers: a peer-group intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health workers can contribute to HIV prevention by minimizing HIV transmission in health facilities and increasing client teaching. We offered a peer-group intervention for Malawian rural health workers to build their universal precautions and teaching skills. A quasi-experimental design using independent sample surveys and observations compared health workers in an intervention and delayed intervention control district at baseline and at

Diana L. Jere; Chrissie P. N. Kaponda; Angela Chimwaza; Kathleen S. Crittenden; Sitingawawo I. Kachingwe; Linda L. McCreary; James L. Norr; Kathleen Norr

2010-01-01

88

Good morning Cedar Rapids. Do you have audio? Reflections on teaching a university distance education course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distance learning provides an alternative pedagogical environment for disseminating university coursework to nontraditional students working in industry. As the instructor of a distance education course, the author has faced many challenges, disasters and triumphs. He finds distance instruction to be an extremely enriching teaching experience. He believes it has positively changed his teaching style. He also firmly believes that as

R. D. Meier

1997-01-01

89

The Educational Cultures of International Teaching Assistants and U.S. Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at what constitutes culture in university teaching settings worldwide and how this may be operationalized as an international teaching assistant (ITA) need. Investigates ITAs' educational attitudes towards teacher and student roles, modes of information presentation, and significant mores of higher education as mediated by gender, previous…

Gorsuch, Greta J.

2003-01-01

90

Research on Application Data Mining to Teaching of Basic Computer Courses in Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the rapid development of information technology, computer technology has been getting more widely used in daily life, thus, it is necessary for each university graduates grasp basic technical skills of computers. However, usually a teacher will be responsible for teaching many college students basic computer courses, so it is difficult to ensure the quality of the teaching with the

Ye Zhiwei; Hu Zhengbing; Chen Hongwei; Liu Wei

2010-01-01

91

On the Relationship between Research Productivity and Teaching Effectiveness at Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an empirical study based on undergraduate ratings of 2364 teachers lecturing in different courses during four semesters in Beijing Normal University, this paper studies the relationship between teaching effectiveness and research productivity. The results show that both of them are positively correlated, that is to say, teaching effectiveness…

Wei, Hong; Cheng, Xuezhu; Zhao, Ke

2007-01-01

92

Teaching Painting and Drawing at Florida State University: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this case study is to examine the nature of the teaching in the painting and drawing program at Florida State University. Aspects to be considered in this case study will include the philosophy of the program as represented in its written materials, the program’s stated and practical educational goals, and the program’s teaching strategies and envisioned outcomes

Liu Nan

2008-01-01

93

Investigation and Analysis of Current Writing Teaching Mode among English Majors in Normal Universities in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper has made an investigation on the current writing teaching mode among English majors in normal universities in China, by means of questionnaire, interview and class observation. The study finds out that the current writing teaching mode is not purely product approach or process approach. In fact, the two approaches to writing co-exist in…

Zeng, Hang-li

2010-01-01

94

The Reluctant Academic: Early-Career Academics in a Teaching-Orientated University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on research into academic identities amongst early-career academics in a UK post-1992, teaching-orientated university. Literature around academic identity suggests five major academic roles: teaching, research, management, writing and networking. However, this appears to be a picture of an established mid-career academic in a…

Gale, Helen

2011-01-01

95

Academic Pedagogies, Quality Logics and Performative Universities: Evaluating Teaching and What Students Want  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities have focused on teaching and learning at a time when quality has become the marker of distinction in international higher education markets. Education markets have meant pedagogical relations have become contractualised with a focus on student satisfaction, exemplified in consumer-oriented generic evaluations of teaching. This article…

Blackmore, Jill

2009-01-01

96

Leading, Managing and Participating in Inter-University Teaching Grant Collaborations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we examine the leadership and management of multi-university collaborations funded by national teaching grants. The paper commences with a review of literature relating to stages of project development, key operational issues, impediments to collaboration and the leadership and management of teaching grant collaborations. Finally, we…

Willcoxson, Lesley; Kavanagh, Marie; Cheung, Lily

2011-01-01

97

Conceptions of Good Teaching by Good Teachers: Case Studies from an Australian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contributes to the debate on what constitutes good teaching in early 21st Century higher education, through an examination of the experience of five outstanding lecturers from a business school in an Australian university. It is based on a qualitative study that explored their perceptions on what constitutes "good teaching". Resonating…

Duarte, Fernanda P.

2013-01-01

98

Process Evaluation of a Teaching and Learning Centre at a Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the evaluation of a teaching and learning centre (TLC) five?years after its inception at a mid-sized, midwestern state university. The mixed methods process evaluation gathered data from 209 attendees and non-attendees of the TLC from the full-time, benefit-eligible teaching faculty. Focus groups noted feelings of…

Smith, Deborah B.; Gadbury-Amyot, Cynthia C.

2014-01-01

99

Teaching the Liberal Arts at Peking University: Taking All Society as their Factory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the achievements in educational revolution in the liberal arts at Peking University. Changes in teaching systems, given impetus by Mao's philosophy that the liberal arts should take all society as their factory are noted. (SM)

Chinese Education, 1973

1973-01-01

100

Personality Effects on Teaching Anxiety and Teaching Strategies in University Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching anxiety is prevalent among professors. However, there is little research examining the relationship between personality and teaching anxiety in this population. The current study examines how different types of in-class behaviour are related to teaching anxiety and personality. Higher neuroticism and lower extraversion are related to…

Houlihan, Michael; Fraser, Ian; Fenwick, Kimberley D.; Fish, Tom; Moeller, Christin

2009-01-01

101

Qualitative differences in approaches to teaching first year university science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing lecturers' teaching strategies to improve learning in higher education may mean first having to address the intentions associated with those strategies. The study reported in this paper used a phenomenographic approach to explore the intentions associated with the teaching strategies of first year physical science lecturers. Approaches found ranged from those involving information transmission to those where the intention

Keith Trigwell; Michael Prosser; Philip Taylor

1994-01-01

102

Language Teaching at University: A Clash of Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the roots of two dominant educational philosophies and examines the place that language teaching occupies within them, relating this to the methodologies employed within these contexts. Argues that the opposing views have a limited view on language teaching. (Author/VWL)

Quist, Gerdi

2000-01-01

103

Teaching Environmental Entrepreneurship at an Urban University: Greenproofing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors provide a case study of their own experience teaching Environmental Entrepreneurship. For the past six years, they have been teaching about sustainability through social entrepreneurship in an interdisciplinary partnership with faculty in management, engineering, and earth science. The authors have developed a course in Environmental…

Foster, Kevin; Jelen, Jonathan; Scott, Anasa

2010-01-01

104

Postgraduate Fellows as Teaching Assistants in Human Anatomy: An Experimental Teaching Model at a Chinese Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Postgraduate fellowship training programs are expanding at Chinese universities. This growing cadre of advanced trainees calls for the development of new learning and training models wherein postgraduate fellows have an ample opportunity to teach more junior learners, thereby expanding their own knowledge base and competitiveness for future…

Cheng, Xiao; Wang, Lin; Guo, Kaihua; Liu, Shu; Li, Feng; Chu, Guoliang; Zhou, Li-Hua

2011-01-01

105

Undergraduate Teaching Improvement Grant Abstracts. Abstracts of Projects Funded by the University of Wisconsin System Undergraduate Teaching Improvement Grant Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a profile of projects funded by the University of Wisconsin System Undergraduate Teaching Improvement Grant program. Three hundred and five one-page abstracts of awards made by the program are provided that briefly summarize the original proposal and the latest results that have been drawn from the project director's reports…

Kahn, Susan, Ed.

106

The Computer Science teaching Laboratory at the University of Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to describe the Computer Science Laboratory at the University of Washington, explain how it is run, and to examine both its benefits and costs to the University. In order to do so, it is necessary to discuss briefly the University of Washington itself. The University of Washington is a very large, single-campus, state university.

Earl Hunt

1970-01-01

107

Romanian University Physics Teaching and Research (1860-1940).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the evolution of physics teaching and research in Bucharest and Jassy, the two most important Romanian intellectual centers. Reports on three stages of historical development and selected biographies of Romanian scientists are included. (DDR)

Constantinescu, Bogdan; Bugoi, Roxana

1998-01-01

108

Improving University Teaching. Proceedings. International Conference (12th, Heidelberg, Germany, July 15-18, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of the twelfth international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Theme presentations and authors include: "Distance Education: The Promise and the Confusion!" (Allan F. Hershfield); "Distance Education: The 'New Frontier' of Learning?" (Kevin C. Smith); "Teacher Training: A Challenge to the University View of…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

109

Challenges and Opportunities: Two Weeks of Teaching Technical Communication at Suzhou University, China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relates the authors' experience teaching technical writing for two weeks at Suzhou University in China. Discusses activities; examines four technical writing textbooks purchased there; and offers suggestions about how technical communication might be established as a separate academic discipline in Chinese universities. Discusses technical…

Ding, Daniel; Jablonski, John

2001-01-01

110

Facilitating Self-Regulated Learning: An Exploratory Case of Teaching a University Course on Japanese Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores practical strategies that can be used by university teachers to facilitate student-centered, self-regulated learning. My primary objective as a university teacher is to be directly involved in my students' efforts by connecting my teaching expertise with their self-regulated learning process. I have developed a strategic…

Ogawa, Akihiro

2011-01-01

111

Translating Learning Style Theory into University Teaching Practices: An Article Based on Kolb's Experiential Learning Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Translates learning style theory into the following university teaching practices: classroom learning, group assignments, essay research-writing instruction, and examinations. Notes that the recommendations for practice can be adapted to accommodate the style delineations of other theorists' models. Focuses on university classroom, group, essay…

Terry, Marion

2001-01-01

112

A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

2009-01-01

113

Teaching Media and Methods in Marketing: European and North American Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to examine the most widely used teaching media and methods in university education. To achieve this objective, international research has been carried out among 135 marketing teachers from North American and European universities. The study shows that North American teachers use more traditional media and participatory methods…

Vila, Natalia; Kuster, Ines

2009-01-01

114

Key Reflective Teaching Strategies Used by Education Faculty in NCATE-Accredited Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to discover the key reflective teaching strategies used by faculty in NCATE-accredited universities. Methodology: Fifteen participants were selected from universities across the United States, who met the study criteria of having taught in higher education for at least 3 years, are currently faculty in an…

Giaimo-Ballard, Cindy

2010-01-01

115

The University of the West Indies Distance Teaching Project. Report to the Advisory Council. ACEP 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three papers in this report relate to the development and activities of the University of the West Indies Distance Teaching Project (UWIDITE), through which the University of the West Indies (UWI) is continuing experiments on the use of telecommunications to extend its regional services. A report to the advisory council, the first paper,…

Lalor, Gerald C.

116

Digital Support for Teachers' Teaching. Current Experience on Using Internet Facilities in Virtual University Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of a personal Web home page and university Internet facilities to support teaching activity at the University Fernando Pessoa (Portugal). Topics include a requirement for students to have laptop computers; local-area networks; changing educational paradigms; the need for user support; and a framework for evaluation. (Author/LRW)

Gouveia, Luis Manuel Borges

1999-01-01

117

The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

2009-01-01

118

Decolonizing Teaching: A Cross-Curricular and Collaborative Model for Teaching about Race in the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching about race in college settings began in the 1960s and 1970s when Ethnic Studies and other race-specific programs emerged as a response to the absence of histories and perspectives of people of color in academia. However, there have been challenges to this inclusion of discussions of race in the curriculum. For example, the teaching about…

St. Clair, Darlene; Kishimoto, Kyoko

2010-01-01

119

Physics Teaching at the University of Petroleum and Minerals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the physics program at Saudi Arabia's University of Petroleum and Minerals, including the physics curriculum, examinations, and future plans. Includes comments on the development and operation of the University as a whole. (SK)

Ijaz, M. A.; Khan, M. N.

1981-01-01

120

Integrating the Virtual World: Teaching EAI and e-Business Integration at Universities of Applied Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we report on a technology-enhanced learning approach for teaching integration issues. Virtually available Web services have evolved considerably and teaching enterprise application as well as e-Business integration at universities has become commonplace. However, this evolution is limited by the time that is needed for developing learner-centered applications and, most of all, by the resulting costs. By applying

Karl Flieder

2007-01-01

121

Teaching Engineering at a Research University: Problems and Possibilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An article which discusses proven strategies for effective teaching, why most faculty members don't know about them, and ways to change the system to make their use more widespread. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

Felder, Richard M., 1939-

2010-01-11

122

Bard South: Teaching Writing at Historically Black Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays is introduced by Paul Connelly, who focuses on how the essayists encounter problems boldly and recognize opportunity in them--the essays are less local reports of various successful process approaches to teaching writing than a record of the willingness to experiment, to take risks, to learn. The essays and their authors…

Lanoue, David G., Ed.; Wilson, Vivian A., Ed.

123

Current Trends in Laboratory Class Teaching in University Bioscience Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students and academics agree that there is a need to make learning and teaching in the bioscience laboratory more challenging and engaging. During recent years there have been many published accounts of novel laboratory exercises designed to enthuse and stimulate students through active learning. The purpose of this review is to raise awareness of…

Adams, David J.

2009-01-01

124

Shippensburg University/Polyclinic Medical Center "Teach the Teacher" Seminars.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Director of Education at Polyclinic Hospital (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) conducted two assessments which addressed competencies needed by clinical instructors in health occupations. Several areas of need emerged which clustered around teaching strategies, questioning and problem solving, learning styles, evaluation, decision-making, and…

Hockersmith, Peggy; And Others

125

University Challenge: Dynamic Subject Knowledge, Teaching and Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the complex issue of lecturers' subject knowledge and teaching. It explores the subject knowledge models of Banks, Leach and Moon (expressed in their chapter "New understandings of teachers' pedagogic knowledge", in J. Leach and B. Moon's edited work "Learners and Pedagogy," 1999) and of Grossman, Wilson and Shulman (see…

Green, Andrew

2006-01-01

126

Successful Science and Engineering Teaching in Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers broad, practical strategies for teaching science and engineering courses and describes how faculty can provide a learning environment that helps students comprehend the nature of science, understand science concepts, and solve problems in science courses. The student-centered approach focuses on two main themes: reflective writing…

Kalman, Calvin S.

2006-01-01

127

Experiences with Evaluation Procedures in Pathology Teaching at Dalhousie University  

PubMed Central

The experience of evaluation of both students and course in pathology at Dalhousie Medical School indicates that valuable reproducible and probably objective information is obtained by the use of frequent multiple-choice tests combined with substantial final oral examinations. Course evaluation by student questionnaires has provided useful information on course modifications and teaching techniques. The most informative feature of the evaluation program is in the provision of mechanisms for feedback from students to faculty and among faculty members. By these means weaknesses in teaching have been identified and often corrected. The method has aided in the early identification of poor students and of their areas of weakness so that remedial instruction can be instituted before the final examination.

Waugh, Douglas

1967-01-01

128

Teaching Gender in Israel: Experiences at the Tel Aviv University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the ways in which neoliberal economic policies are affecting academic work in Israeli universities, prioritizing programs that can generate their own funding, External philanthropic support from North America has enabled creation of an interdisciplinary Women and Gender Studies Program at Tel Aviv University that draws…

Fenster, Tovi

2011-01-01

129

Teaching about America's Fiscal Future in the University's Core Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Civic engagement is increasingly recognized as a significant function of public universities. The university provides a variety of opportunities for civic engagement, including co-curricular activities, service learning opportunities, and specific majors and minors. This article reviews the attempt to embed civic engagement and civic education…

Galatas, Steven; Pressley, Cindy

2010-01-01

130

Distance Teaching of Environmental Engineering Courses at the Open University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes two integrated distance learning environmental engineering degree courses offered by the environmental engineering group of the Open University in Great Britain. Discusses admission requirements for courses, advantages offered by distance learning, professional accreditation, site visits, and tutors. (AIM)

Porteous, Andrew; Nesaratnam, Suresh T.; Anderson, Judith

1997-01-01

131

Teaching Pharmaceutical Biotechnology at the University of Illinois at Chicago.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Pharmaceutics at the University of Illinois at Chicago has been carrying out research in pharmaceutical biotechnology that has allowed unique student involvement and promises further interdisciplinary research and instructional activities. (MSE)

Groves, Michael J.; Klegerman, Melvin E.

1988-01-01

132

Seasonal Dynamics in the Physiochemical Parameters of Hospital Effluent from a University Teaching Hospital based in Southern Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment and disposal of hospital effluent is a major challenge in most developing nations, including Nigeria. This study was aimed at investigating the physio chemical properties of hospital waste water from a University Teaching Hospital based in Southern Nigeria. Six sampling points were identified within and outside the premises of the university teaching hospital.The results showed that the values

I. N Ibeh; M. I Omoruyi

2011-01-01

133

Are Australian Universities Promoting Learning and Teaching Activity Effectively? An Assessment of the Effects on Science and Engineering Academics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Federal Government and Australian universities have embarked on a bid to raise the profile of learning and teaching (L&T) in universities. Current strategies include increased funding of competitive grants for L&T projects, a wider range of teaching awards and fellowships and a controversial new national competitive Learning and…

Cretchley, Patricia

2009-01-01

134

The balance between teaching and research in Dutch and English universities in the context of university governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their\\u000a institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency,\\u000a effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we ask the question of what\\u000a the consequences of these changing institutional environments are for

Liudvika Leisyte; Jürgen Enders; Harry de Boer

2009-01-01

135

The Development of Teaching Skills to Support Active Learning in University Science (ALIUS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an Australian Learning and Teaching Council funded project for which Learning Design is encompassed in the broadest sense. ALIUS (Active Learning In University Science) takes the design of learning back to the learning experiences created for students. ALIUS is not about designing a particular activity, or subject, or course,…

Bedgood, Danny R., Jr.; Bridgeman, Adam J.; Buntine, Mark; Mocerino, Mauro; Southam, Daniel; Lim, Kieran F.; Gardiner, Michael; Yates, Brian; Morris, Gayle; Pyke, Simon M.; Zadnik, Marjan

2010-01-01

136

University Students' and Teachers' Conceptions of Teaching and Learning in the Biosciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we compare university teachers' and first-year students' conceptions of teaching and learning at the Faculty of Environmental and Biological Sciences. The conceptions were analysed using data from open-ended questionnaires. The results showed that at the beginning of studies the gap between teachers' and students' conceptions of…

Virtanen, Viivi; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari

2010-01-01

137

Comparing Traditional and ICT-Enriched University Teaching Methods: Evidence from Two Empirical Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the best ways of incentivating the use of ICTs as university teaching tools is by providing clear evidence that this technology helps to increase educational benefits, i.e., that students learn more and more effectively--in conditions of equivalent efforts by both teachers and students. The point, however, is that little has been reported…

Pedro, Francesc

2005-01-01

138

TEACHING TEAMWORK: FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE RESEARCH UNIVERSITY ENGINEERING FACULTY TO IMPLEMENT TEAM ACTIVITIES IN THEIR CLASSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative grounded theory and quantitative multiple logistic regression mixed study examined why research university engineering faculty do— or do not—change their teaching methods. Results from the qualitative component, tested in a larger population and analyzed using multiple logistic regression, showed that previous experience being on teams or using teams in the classroom, whether successful or unsuccessful, training on using

Norene M. Moskalski

139

Quality of Teaching and Learning in Resource Quandary: The Case of a University in Zimbabwe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zimbabwe faced severe economic challenges that impacted on resource accumulation leading to a decline of quality of teaching and learning in a selected university in Zimbabwe yet the Resource Dependence Theory advocates that organizations are dependent on the environment for resources for survival and achievement of their set objectives. The study…

Chidindi, Joseph

2012-01-01

140

Teaching Aging Content to University-Level Non-Gerontology Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The older adult population in America will significantly increase in the future. Older adults have important needs for recreation and leisure services (Beland, 2002). The author taught a class titled "Leisure Services for Older Adults" for over 24 years at the University of Florida. He has taught gerontology and recreation by teaching about life…

Beland, Robert

2004-01-01

141

"Approaches to the Teaching of Special Relativity Theory in High School and University Textbooks of Argentina"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this work, we presented an analysis of the representation of the special relativity theory (SRT) in the most used texts in high school, Polimodal level and university level in the teaching in the Argentine Republic, from a historic, epistemological and didactic perspective. The results show that none of the analyzed texts would allow a…

Arriassecq, Irene; Greca, Ileana Maria

2007-01-01

142

An Introduction of Finite Element Method in the Engineering Teaching at the University of Camaguey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper illuminates experiences related to introducing finite element methods (FEM) in mechanical and civil engineering courses at the University of Camaguey in Cuba and provides discussion on using FEM in postgraduate courses for industry engineers. Background information on the introduction of FEM in engineering teaching is focused on…

Napoles, Elsa; Blanco, Ramon; Jimenez, Rafael; Mc.Pherson, Yoanka

143

The Pattern of Obstetrics Sonographic Requests and Findings at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research was aimed at evaluating the pattern of obstetrics sonographic request and findings at the university of Maiduguri teaching hospital (UMTH). A total of 1535 records of antenatal patients referred for sonography within the period of 4years; from April, 1997 to march, 2001 were analyzed in this retrospective study. Dating was the highest request made by physicians, 74.07% (n=1137)

Nwobi IC; Ugwu AC; Abubakar A

144

Sheet Plastination as a Clinically Based Teaching Aid at the University of Auckland  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a concerted move toward closer integration of the clinical and preclinical aspects of the undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Auckland, the Department of Anatomy with Radiology has implemented a number of clinical procedures, pathological observations and diagnostic methods into the course resulting in a structured program of clinically based teaching of gross anatomy to second- and third-year

P. Cook

1997-01-01

145

Surgical Education: Attitudes toward Animal Use in Teaching Surgery at Louisiana State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed students and faculty at Louisiana State University about the use of animals for teaching surgery. Found that they favored the practice, finding it helpful for learning aseptic technique and suturing skills but less so for learning tissue handling, dissection, hemostasis, or anesthesia. (EV)

Hedlund, Cheryl S.; Hosgood, Giselle; Naugler, Sasha

2002-01-01

146

Reprofessionalising teaching: a university research institute engages teachers in creating dialogic space in schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy-makers, governments, researchers and outside agencies can be harmful and hurtful to teachers, especially in the limited construals they hold of teaching. This article reports on the activities and experiences of a university research institute which adopted a style of ‘voiced research’ aimed at assisting schools to reprofessionalise themselves through the notion of the ‘dialogic school’. Issues of how to

John Smyth

1998-01-01

147

Teaching and Learning Participation in the College of Agriculture at Razi University, Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

The system of education in agriculture in Iran has not been effective enough in its provision of human resources to facilitate substantial changes in rural areas over the last few decades. This paper explores the challenges to the staff in the College of Agriculture at Razi University in introducing an alternative educational programme. Methods of teaching and learning participation, which

Shokrollah Hamdhaidari; Hossein Agahi

2007-01-01

148

Pedagogical Issues in Teaching Upper-Level Science Courses at a "Community University"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors teach upper-level science courses in cell biology, genetics, and biochemistry at a public, four-year "community university" that serves a demographically diverse population of traditional and nontraditional students. In this article, they describe some of the issues they have found to be particularly significant at their "community…

Deutch, Charles E.; Jurutka, Peter W.; Marshall, Pamela A.

2008-01-01

149

Studying preparedness in teaching hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences, 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Hospitals are all required to be prepared against crisis, while according to studies, most hospitals are not prepared enough to encounter disaster problems. Therefore, each hospital should have an established programme to face earthquake and other catastrophes. This paper aims to investigate this issue. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This descriptive study was carried out in teaching hospitals of Iran University

Parisa Shojaei; Mohammad Reza Maleki; Rafat Bagherzadeh

2009-01-01

150

Teaching Thinking and Problem Solving at University: A Course on TRIZ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thinking and problem solving skills are considered to be of significant importance in many professions. Surveys indicate that university education fails in appropriately enhancing these skills. This paper presents a concept of teaching thinking and problem solving as a separate course, based on the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ). Student surveys showed that students' perception of their abilities in

Iouri Belski

2009-01-01

151

Reforming the University Sector: Effects on Teaching Efficiency--Evidence from Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we analyse the effects of teaching reforms in Italy. These were introduced in 1999, and changed the entire organization of university courses, where the Bachelor-Master (BA-MA) structure was adopted. The first step is to define the production process of higher education (HE). This process consists of several inputs (professors,…

Agasisti, Tommaso; Dal Bianco, Antonio

2009-01-01

152

University Teacher Competencies in a Virtual Teaching/Learning Environment: Analysis of a Teacher Training Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to shed light on the competencies a university teacher must have in order to teach in virtual learning environments. A teacher training experience was designed by taking into account the methodological criteria established in line with previous theoretical principles. The main objective of our analysis was to identify the…

Guasch, Teresa; Alvarez, Ibis; Espasa, Anna

2010-01-01

153

Stability and Correlates of Student Evaluations of Teaching at a Chinese University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the stability and validity of a student evaluations of teaching (SET) instrument used by the administration at a university in the PR China. The SET scores for two semesters of courses taught by 435 teachers were collected. Total 388 teachers (170 males and 218 females) were also invited to fill out the 60-item NEO Five-Factor…

Chen, Guo-Hai; Watkins, David

2010-01-01

154

Improving University Teaching. Proceedings. International Conference (11th, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 2-5, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of the eleventh international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Theme presentations and authors include: "Quality Control in Higher Education: Current Issues in Britain" (Gerald T. Fowler); "Quality Control in Higher Education: A Comparison of Current Issues in Three Countries--The Case of Sweden" (Lennart…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

155

The University of Colorado Puebla Experience: A Study in Changing Attitudes and Teaching Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students participated in a 2-week intensive program in the city of Puebla, Mexico. The experience included university course work, cultural field trips, and teaching and observing in Mexican elementary schools. It also included many opportunities to interact and participate in daily life in Puebla. The study examined changes in attitudes about…

Langer, Philip; Escamilla, Kathy; Aragon, Lorenso

2010-01-01

156

Physiology Teaching and Learning Experience in a New Modular Curriculum at the National University of Rwanda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present article, I report on my experience in teaching and learning physiology in the first year of a new modular curriculum at the Faculty of Medicine of the National University of Rwanda. With self-reported questionnaires, I collected learning experience perceptions from 112 students who attended the module of physiology in 2008. The…

Gahutu, Jean Bosco

2010-01-01

157

Internet-Assisted Technologies for English Language Teaching in Turkish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…

Celik, Serkan

2013-01-01

158

How University Teaching Award Winners Conceptualise Academic Work: Some Further Thoughts on the Meaning of Scholarship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A repertory grid based on personal construct theory was administered to 58 teaching award winners at Canadian universities with the goal of identifying their implicit conceptualizations of academic work. Individual grids were aggregated to form a consensus grid that examined the relationship between the processes and products of academic work and…

Kreber, Carolin

2000-01-01

159

Teaching Practices Prior and Subsequent to 1998 in Turkey: Gazi University Vocational Education Faculty Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to compare teaching practice before and after 1998 in Turkey. Participants were 10 academics from the Department of Educational Sciences, Vocational Education Faculty, Gazi University and nine vocational high school cooperating teachers. Semi-structured interviews were analysed by using content analysis. The most significant…

Alpan, Gulgun; Erdamar, Gurcu

2011-01-01

160

Fishing for Ideas: Teaching and Learning in a University Ichthyology Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

To teach students effectively about fishes, it is important to understand what perceptions they bring to a course and the degree to which these may be resistant to modification. We surveyed junior\\/senior-level students before and after completing a university ichthyology course to assess how students perceived fish relatedness prior to and following training in phylogenetics. We found that students generally

Todd R. Gemeinhardt; Douglas B. Noltie; Justin M. Nolan; Michael C. Robbins

2001-01-01

161

The Impact of ICT on Work-Life Experiences among University Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Email is now commonplace in the university environment, but little research has addressed the impact of this technology on the work-life experiences of Teaching Assistants (TAs). These workers are of interest as they are typically responsible for most day-to-day, routine interaction with undergraduates, for ensuring students understand lectures…

Osterlund, Katherine; Robson, Karen

2009-01-01

162

Changes in Teaching at the Historical Institute of the University of Greifswald.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that higher education in the former East Germany is facing a new beginning highlighted by the restoration of academic freedom in teaching and research. Describes how the faculty of the Historical Institute at the University of Griefswald dealt with political censorship before German reunification. Concludes that administrative and…

Wernicke, Horst

1993-01-01

163

Who Chooses Teaching and Why? Profiling Characteristics and Motivations across Three Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this large-scale Australian study, we profile the background characteristics and teaching motivations for individuals entering teacher education across three major established urban teacher provider universities in the Australian States of New South Wales and Victoria. Our recently developed and validated "FIT-Choice" (Factors Influencing…

Richardson, Paul W.; Watt, Helen M. G.

2006-01-01

164

How Is the Approach to Teaching at Secondary School Related to First-Year University Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented here is an elaboration on recent educational effectiveness research focusing on long-term school effects. Central in this study is the approach to teaching at secondary schools and its relation to student perception of the fit between school and university and 1st-year academic achievement. Based on previous research, a coding…

Torenbeek, Marjolein; Jansen, Ellen P. W. A.; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2011-01-01

165

Quality of Learning Facilities and Learning Environment: Challenges for Teaching and Learning in Kenya's Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to report findings on the perceptions of quality of educational facilities in Kenyan public universities, and the implications for teaching/learning, and the learning environment. Design/methodology/approach: The study adopted an exploratory descriptive design. A total of 332 and 107 undergraduate students…

Ndirangu, Mwangi; Udoto, Maurice O.

2011-01-01

166

A "Prepaid Package" for Obstetrics: Effect on Teaching and Patient Care in a University Hospital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changing social milieu has removed the charity patient but not the need for a teaching population. The University Hospital's program is described, in which patients prepaid a fixed, single fee for all obstetrics-related care through the third post partum day. (LBH)

Young, Philip E.

1976-01-01

167

Incorporating Service-Learning, Technology, and Research Supportive Teaching Techniques into the University Chemistry Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology was integrated into service-learning activities to create an interactive teaching method for undergraduate students at a large research institution. Chemistry students at the University of Central Florida partnered with high school students at Crooms Academy of Information Technology in interactive service learning projects. The…

Saitta, E. K. H.; Bowdon, M. A.; Geiger, C. L.

2011-01-01

168

Questionnaire survey of working relationships between nurses and doctors in University Teaching Hospitals in Southern Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Smooth working relationships between nurses and doctors are necessary for efficient health care delivery. However, previous studies have shown that this is often absent with negative impact on the quality of health care delivery. In 2002, we studied factors that affect nurse-doctor working relationships in University Teaching Hospitals (UTH) in Southern Nigeria in order to characterize it and identify

Roseline I Ogbimi; Clement A Adebamowo

2006-01-01

169

Teaching English at a Distance in China's Radio and Television Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English language teaching (ELT) has played an important role in the Chinese Radio and Television Universities (RTVU) network since its establishment in the late 1970s. Based on a literature review and reflection from an insider's perspective, this paper gives a full account of the RTVU distance ELT model, examining how it supports autonomous…

Xiao, Junhong

2008-01-01

170

Teaching and Learning in the Virtual Campus: The Case of the University of Barcelona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a research project aimed at analysing the teaching and learning models explicit and implicit in the different uses of e-learning platforms. From qualitative analysis of the interview with the coordinator of the Virtual Campus of the University of Barcelona (VC-UB) and the focus group with the 8 lecturers, emerged both the…

Gil, Juana M. Sancho; Sanchez, Joan-Anton

2012-01-01

171

Pain Prevalence in Hospitalized Patients in a German University Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-eight units were enrolled in a descriptive, cross-sectional study to identify strengths and weaknesses of pain management in a German university teaching hospital. Patients had to be ?18 years old and able to speak German; intensive care, psychiatric, obstetric and pediatric units were excluded. Structured interviews were conducted by an independent researcher not involved in patient care. Patients were asked

Barbara Strohbuecker; Herbert Mayer; George C. M. Evers; Rainer Sabatowski

2005-01-01

172

Teaching to Potential. Proceedings of the Regional Conference on University Teaching (2nd, Las Cruces, New Mexico, January 9-10, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proceedings of a regional conference on teaching to potential are presented. The 48 papers address three areas of concern: training or educating--future requirements, cultural diversity in higher education, and relating disciplinary research to university teaching. Papers and authors include: "Training or Education: Future Requirements for the…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

173

University Undergraduate Projects Can Enhance Sixth-Form Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All medical and veterinary students at the University of Nottingham carry out a third-year dissertation module. This module allows students to spend time experiencing contemporary research methods by engaging in research activities. In 2010, academic staff from the Medical and Veterinary Schools initiated educational research projects that enabled…

James, Esther; Vinten, Claire; Wood, Eleanor; Merrick, Deborah

2011-01-01

174

Planning and monitoring courses: University teachers reflect on their teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven university lecturers were interviewed about the progress of one of their courses each week during one semester. The interview invited them to reflect on their planning and monitoring concerns as the course proceeded. Interviews were transcribed and content analysed using an emergent category system. Three topics recurred throughout the interviews: communication with students, ongoing course planning activities, and processes

Lee Andresen; Eve Barrett; John Powell; Christine Wieneke

1984-01-01

175

University faculty and information literacy: Who teaches the students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study reports on a 1995 survey at the University of Wyoming, in which faculty and academic professionals were asked how they acquire information, and how they require or encourage students to access and use information. The findings describe the characteristics and roles of faculty who use technology for information access, which resources they use, which sources they promote

Donna Amstutz; Donna Whitson

1997-01-01

176

Teaching Particle Physics in the Open University's Science Foundation Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses four topics presented in the science foundation course of the Open University that exemplify current developments in particle physics, in particular, and that describe important issues about the nature of science, in general. Topics include the omega minus particle, the diversity of quarks, the heavy lepton, and the discovery of the W…

Farmelo, Graham

1992-01-01

177

Balancing Bologna: opportunities for university teaching that integrates academic and practical learning outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the course of the Bologna Process, the quality of university teaching has become more prominent in the discourse on higher education. More attention is now paid to didactics and methods and learner-oriented modes of teaching are introduced. The application of knowledge, practical skills and in consequence the employability of university graduates have become requirements for university teaching. Yet, the lecture-style approach still dominates European universities, although empirical evidence confirms that student-centred, interdisciplinary and experiential learning is more effective. Referring to the learning taxonomy introduced by Bloom, we argue that standard approaches rarely move beyond the learning level of comprehension and fail to reach the levels of application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Considering the rapid changes and multiple challenges society faces today, responsible practitioners and scientists who can improve the current management of natural resources are urgently needed. Universities are expected to equip their graduates with the necessary skills to reflect and evaluate their actions when addressing 'real world' problems in order to improve impact and relevance of their work. Higher education thus faces the challenge of providing multi-level learning opportunities for students with diverse practical and theoretical learning needs. In this study, we reflect on three cases of university teaching attempting to bridge theory and practice and based on the principles of systemic, problem based learning. The described courses focus on organic farming, rural development and landscape planning and take place in Uganda, Nicaragua and Italy. We show that being part of a real-world community of stakeholders requires hands-on learning and the reflection and evaluation of actions. This prepares students in a more effective and realistic way for their future roles as responsible decision makers in complex social, economic and ecological systems. We thus conclude that in order (1) to meet the goals of the Bologna process; and (2) to bridge the gap between theory and practice in higher education, university teaching needs to radically reconsider its standard forms of teaching. We propose a fundamental shift towards action learning in real-world settings, empowering students to become responsible actors.

Probst, Lorenz; Pflug, Verena; Brandenburg, Christiane; Guggenberger, Thomas; Mentler, Axel; Wurzinger, Maria

2014-05-01

178

Peer Review of Teaching: Lessons Learned from the University of Kentucky  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Kentucky Department of Agronomy instituted a system of peer review of teaching in 1996. Professors observe the teaching of their peers with the intent of helping one another improve. Reviews usually include a preliminary meeting between the instructor and two reviewers, several in-class visits, some analysis of classroom materials, and a wrap-up meeting. The peer review program now has met with cautious but general approval from participating faculty. By spring 1999, reviews were completed for 20 classes, 15 of which are considered in this analysis.

Bhavsar, Victoria; Grabau, Larry

179

Reflection as a means to teaching improvement for novice university science faculty  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored the use of reflection as a professional developmental strategy to facilitate improvement of tangible classroom behaviors among novice university science faculty. Specifically, the study addressed the following questions: How did the novice college instructors perceive the reflection experiences to impact their teaching practice? During the progression of reflection experiences, in which teaching practices did the instructors' performances change? How? A mixed method approach was employed in answering the aforementioned questions. The participants' responses in semi-structured interviews and informal discussions, their written responses to reflective prompts, and the researcher's observations of their teaching were qualitatively analyzed for themes. Students' responses to a survey about the participants' instruction were analyzed quantitatively. Findings revealed that the participants developed self awareness and exhibited cognition-induced behavioral change consistent with their developmental goals. Findings also suggested that participation in the study facilitated development of cognitions supportive of sustained reform in instructional practice and bridging of gaps within participants' pedagogical content knowledge.

Foster, Stephanie L. Pollard

180

University/industry cooperative teaching laboratory for undergraduate education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An undergraduate optics laboratory sponsored by the National Science Foundation of the United States was established to foster a link between local industry and academia. A series of innovative experiments was developed utilizing high-speed data acquisition equipment and signal processing software to demonstrate the fundamentals of diffraction, fiber optics, and physical optics principles. The experiments were performed in two complementary settings. The university experiments concentrated on basic optical principles and experimental techniques. A parallel industrial component was provided by local industry. Students were invited to industrial research laboratories to work on real-life optical problems of current interest. The students were able to see the relevance between fundamental optical principles and real industrial problems, use state-of-the-art equipment, and experience working in an industrial laboratory. Feedback was also solicited from industry management regarding improvements to academic training of students for the work force.

Leger, James R.

2002-05-01

181

Teaching Solar and Space Physics to Undergraduates at Boston University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Astronomy at Boston University offers a one-semester advanced undergraduate course entitled Solar and Space Physics (AS414). The course is open to students who have completed two years of college physics or who have seen equivalent material by studying engineering. The course is taken primarily by students majoring in physics or astronomy and by engineering students who can use it to fulfill a technical elective. The course treats the usual topics covered in an introductory space physics course: the sun, the solar wind, planetary atmospheres, ionospheres and magnetospheres, informed by discussions of particle motion and simple plasma physics. The course has benefited from methodologies introduced from the CISM Space Weather Summer School, which is aimed at beginning graduate students. In particular the course ends with the students interpreting real Sun-to-Earth data from a space weather event.

Spence, H. E.; Hughes, W. J.

2005-05-01

182

KML-based teaching lessons developed by Google in partnership with the University of Alaska.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The focus of Google's Geo Education outreach efforts (http://www.google.com/educators/geo.html) is on helping primary, secondary, and post-secondary educators incorporate Google Earth and Sky, Google Maps, and SketchUp into their classroom lessons. In this poster and demonstration, we will show our KML-based science lessons that were developed in partnership with the University of Alaska and used in classroom teachings by our team to Alaskan high-school students.

Kolb, E. J.; Bailey, J.; Bishop, A.; Cain, J.; Goddard, M.; Hurowitz, K.; Kennedy, K.; Ornduff, T.; Sfraga, M.; Wernecke, J.

2008-12-01

183

KML-based teaching lessons developed by Google in partnership with the University of Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of Google's Geo Education outreach efforts (http:\\/\\/www.google.com\\/educators\\/geo.html) is on helping primary, secondary, and post-secondary educators incorporate Google Earth and Sky, Google Maps, and SketchUp into their classroom lessons. In this poster and demonstration, we will show our KML-based science lessons that were developed in partnership with the University of Alaska and used in classroom teachings by our team

E. J. Kolb; J. Bailey; A. Bishop; J. Cain; M. Goddard; K. Hurowitz; K. Kennedy; T. Ornduff; M. Sfraga; J. Wernecke

2008-01-01

184

Identification of Youth who have Deliberately Self Poisoned – A Medical Records Audit in University Teaching Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

A descriptive, cross sectional, retrospective audit of admission records and hospital casualty cards were undertaken to determine the accuracy of identification of cases of deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) among youth admitted and presenting for self poisoning. To investigate the rate of admission for poisoning presentations. From 1,260 cases of poisoning, aged 10–25 years, admitted to three university teaching hospitals in Sydney

Meredith Nirui; Michael Dudley; Armita Adily; Mark Ferson

2002-01-01

185

Exercise lowers blood pressure in university professors during subsequent teaching and sleeping hours  

PubMed Central

Background University professors are subjected to psychological stress that contributes to blood pressure (BP) reactivity and development of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on BP in university professors during teaching and sleeping hours. Methods Twelve normotensive professors (42.2 ± 10.8 years, 74.2 ± 11.2 kg, 172.8 ± 10.4 cm, 20.1% ± 6.7% body fat) randomly underwent control (CONT) and exercise (EX30) sessions before initiating their daily activities. EX30 consisted of 30 minutes of cycling at 80%–85% of heart rate reserve. Ambulatory BP was monitored for 24 hours following both sessions. Results BP increased in comparison with pre-session resting values during teaching after CONT (P < 0.05) but not after EX30. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP showed a more pronounced nocturnal dip following EX30 (approximately –14.7, –12.7, and –9.6 mmHg, respectively) when compared with CONT (approximately –6, –5 and –3 mmHg). Conclusion Exercise induced a BP reduction in university professors, with the main effects being observed during subsequent teaching and sleeping hours.

Ribeiro, Fabiana; Campbell, Carmen S Grubert; Mendes, Gisele; Arsa, Gisela; Moreira, Sergio R; da Silva, Francisco M; Prestes, Jonato; da Costa Sotero, Rafael; Simoes, Herbert Gustavo

2011-01-01

186

Bridging the Gap between Advanced Distributed Teaching and the Use of Learning Management Systems in the University Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The selection of appropriate learning management system (LMS) is critical for supporting advanced distributed teaching. A survey was targeted for understanding the features that the LMS offer for university teachers and to find if the advanced features of the LMS were utilized, The findings imply that there is a gap between the LMS tools for advanced distributed teaching and their

Ari Marko; Anne Marita Honkaranta

2007-01-01

187

Catching them is one thing, keeping them is something else: Reflections on teaching first year university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents teaching practices that have been identified, by the teaching team, as improving student success rates in a first year tertiary level compulsory subject. Constructivism, scaffolding, social presence and reflective practice are the key concepts which have proved to be successful in transitioning students in this subject to university study. Outcomes have consisted of goal achievement by individual

S. Werth

188

Validity, Reliability, and Potential Bias of Short Forms of Students' Evaluation of Teaching: The Case of UAE University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' opinions continue to be a significant factor in the evaluation of teaching in higher education institutions. The purpose of this study was to psychometrically assess short students evaluation of teaching (SET) forms using the UAE University form as a model. The study evaluated the form validity, reliability, the overall question,…

Dodeen, Hamzeh

2013-01-01

189

A STUDY OF THE EXISTING PRACTICES OF SELECTED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES RELATING TO ACADEMIC RANKING OF ACCOUNTING TEACHING STAFF.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 90 PERCENT RESPONSE FROM 143 RANDOMLY SELECTED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES SHOWED A HIGH DEGREE OF CONSISTENCY IN THEIR ACADEMIC RANKING OF THE ACCOUNTING TEACHING STAFF. THE STUDY SOUGHT TO DETERMINE (1) THE INSTITUTIONS' POLICIES FOR ADVANCEMENT ABOVE THE RANK OF ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, AND (2) WHETHER FACTORS SUCH AS TEACHING EXPERIENCE,…

CHAPMAN, LOWELL

190

The impact of information technology and online library resources on research, teaching and library use at the University Of Washington  

Microsoft Academic Search

Survey results and focus group discussions at the University of Washington suggest that the impact of information technology is pervasive, evolving rapidly, and indicative of major changes in the way research and teaching will be done.

Steve Hiller

2002-01-01

191

Incorporating online teaching in an introductory pharmaceutical practice course: a study of student perceptions within an Australian University  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine student perceptions regarding online lectures and quizzes undertaken during a pharmaceutical practice course for first year undergraduate students enrolled in the Bachelor of Pharmacy course at an Australian University. Methods The University uses a standard instrument to collect feedback from students regarding unit satisfaction. Data were collected for three different teaching modalities: traditional face-to-face, online and partially online. Results Descriptive statistics support that, from a student's perspective, partial online delivery is the preferred teaching methodology for an introductory pharmaceutical practice unit. Conclusions This study has served to highlight that while there are a few points of significant difference between traditional and online teaching and learning, a combination of the two provides a reasonable avenue for teaching exploration. This result has implications for teaching practice generally, and within the pharmacy discipline, specifically.

Benino, Diana; Girardi, Antonia; Czarniak, Petra

192

The Universe Observing Center a modern center to teach and communicate astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Universe Observing Center is one of the parts of the Parc Astronòmic Montsec (PAM). PAM is an initiative of the Catalan government, through the Consorci del Montsec (Montsec Consortium), to take advantage of the capabilities and potential of the Montsec region to develop scientific research, training and outreach activities, particularly in the field of Astronomy. The choice of the Montsec mountains to install the PAM was motivated by the magnificent conditions for observing the sky at night; the sky above Montsec is the best (natural sky free of light pollution) in Catalonia for astronomical observations. The PAM has two main parts: the Observatori Astronòmic del Montsec (OAdM) and the Universe Observing Center (COU). The OAdM is a professional observatory with an 80-cm catadioptric telescope (Joan Oró Telescope). This telescope is a robotic telescope that can be controlled from anywhere in the world via the Internet. The COU is a large multipurpose center which is intended to become an educational benchmark for teaching and communicate astronomy and other sciences in Catalonia. The management of the COU has three main goals: 1) Teach primary and secondary school students in our Educational Training Camp. 2) Teach university students housing the practical astronomy lectures of the universities. 3) Communicate astronomy to the general public. The COU comprises special areas for these purposes: the Telescopes Park with more than 20 telescopes, a coelostat for solar observations and two dome containing full-automated telescopes. The most special equipment is ``The Eye of Montsec'', with its 12m dome containing a multimedia digital planetarium and a platform for direct observation of the sky and the environment. During 2009 we expect around 10000 visitors in Montsec area to enjoy science with Montsec dark skies and an special natural environment.

Ribas, Salvador J.

2011-06-01

193

Online Distance Teaching of Undergraduate Finance: A Case for Musashi University and Konan University, Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We implemented a synchronous distance course entitled: Introductory Finance designed for undergraduate students. This course was held between two Japanese universities. Stable Internet connections allowing minimum delay and minimum interruptions of the audio-video streaming signals were used. Students were equipped with their own PCs with…

Kubota, Keiichi; Fujikawa, Kiyoshi

2007-01-01

194

Medical and surgical ward rounds in teaching hospitals of Kuwait University: students' perceptions  

PubMed Central

Background Teaching sessions for medical students during ward rounds are an essential component of bedside teaching, providing students with the opportunity to regard patients as actual people, and to observe their physical conditions directly, allowing a better understanding of illnesses to be developed. We aim to explore medical students’ perceptions regarding medical and surgical ward rounds within the Faculty of Medicine at Kuwait University, and to evaluate whether this teaching activity is meeting the expectation of learners. Methods A pretested questionnaire was used to collect data from 141 medical students during the 2012–2013 academic year. They were asked to provide their current and expected ratings about competencies that were supposed to be gained during ward rounds, on a scale from 1 (lowest) to 5 (highest). Mean scores were calculated, and the Student t-test was used to compare results. P < 0.05 was the cut-off level for significance. Results Only 17 students (12.1%) declined to participate in the study. The students’ current competency scores (for competencies taught within both disciplines – medical and surgical) were significantly lower than the scores indicating students’ expectations (P < 0.001). The best-taught competency was bedside examination, in both medical (mean: 3.45) and surgical (mean: 3.05) ward rounds. However, medical ward rounds were better than surgical rounds in covering some competencies, especially the teaching of professional attitude and approach towards patients (P < 0.001). Conclusion Both medical and surgical ward rounds were deficient in meeting the students’ expectations. Medical educators should utilize the available literature to improve the bedside teaching experience for their students.

AlMutar, Sara; AlTourah, Lulwa; Sadeq, Hussain; Karim, Jumanah; Marwan, Yousef

2013-01-01

195

Examination of Attitudes towards Teaching Online Courses Based on Theory of Reasoned Action of University Faculty in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined attitudes of university faculty specialising in the field of human resource (HR) in Taiwan towards participation in the teaching of online courses using the theory of reasoned action (TRA). The population targeted for investigation consisted of the full-time university faculty in the HR field in Taiwan regardless of their…

Chen, Tzy-Ling; Chen, Tzu-Jung

2006-01-01

196

Teaching and Learning and Technology: Does WebCT Help Universities Meet Organisational and Customer Goals? A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores whether WebCT, a virtual learning technology, meets organisational and customer goals at Coventry University Business School (CBS). Lecturer and student perceptions about the benefits of WebCT as a teaching and learning resource are examined as well as the goals of WebCT for the university as an organization. CBS students…

Ellis, L.; Vigar-Ellis, D.

2006-01-01

197

Cross-cultural Learning Challenges and Teaching Strategies for First-year Asian Students in Australian Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the dramatic increase in the number of Asian students in the past few years, the cross-cultural teaching and learning situation becomes an important issue in Australian universities. To tickle this issue, we conducted a survey to students studying Information Technology and Business courses in five Australian universities. A total of 639 international students and 387 local students completed the

Jitian Xiao; Jie Lu; Kum Chin; Jun Xu; Juan Yao

2010-01-01

198

The eminent need for an academic program in universities to teach nanomedicine  

PubMed Central

Nanomedicine is on the cutting edge of technology applied to medical and biological sciences. Nanodevices, nanomaterials, nanoinstruments, nanotechnologies, and nanotechniques (laboratory methods and procedures) are important for the modern practice of medicine and essential for research that could stimulate the discovery of new medical advances. Accordingly, there is an eminent need for implementing an academic program in universities to teach this indispensable and pragmatic discipline, especially in the departments of graduate studies and research in the areas of pharmacology, genetic engineering, proteomics, and molecular and cellular biology.

Velez, Juan Manuel; Velez, Juan Jesus

2011-01-01

199

The University of Nebraska at Omaha Center for Space Data Use in Teaching and Learning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Within the context of innovative coursework and other educational activities, we are proposing the establishment of a University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO) Center for the Use of Space Data in Teaching and Learning. This Center will provide an exciting and motivating process for educators at all levels to become involved in professional development and training which engages real life applications of mathematics, science, and technology. The Center will facilitate innovative courses (including online and distance education formats), systematic degree programs, classroom research initiatives, new instructional methods and tools, engaging curriculum materials, and various symposiums. It will involve the active participation of several Departments and Colleges on the UNO campus and be well integrated into the campus environment. It will have a direct impact on pre-service and in-service educators, the K12 (kindergarten through 12th grade) students that they teach, and other college students of various science, mathematics, and technology related disciplines, in which they share coursework. It is our belief that there are many exciting opportunities represented by space data and imagery, as a context for engaging mathematics, science, and technology education. The UNO Center for Space Data Use in Teaching and Learning being proposed in this document will encompass a comprehensive training and dissemination strategy that targets the improvement of K-12 education, through changes in the undergraduate and graduate preparation of teachers in science, mathematics and technology education.

Grandgenett, Neal

2000-01-01

200

The new teaching and public access observatory at the University of Western Sydney, Nepean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A grant from the Department of Employment, Education and Training and matching funding from the University of Western Sydney, Nepean, has allowed the construction of a teaching and public access observatory on the University's Werrington North campus. The observatory consists of a lecture theater for about 50 students, an office for administration and project/souvenir sales, and an enclosed office for research activities. The 6.5 m dome will house a fork-mounted 0.6 m (24 inch) Ritchey-Chretien telescope working at f/10. There will also be two outside observation areas for tripod-mounted telescopes. The expected completion date for the entire project is mid-1994.

White, Graeme L.; Jones, Paul A.; Hons, Alex; Edgar, Ron; Suchting, Mark; Burdett, Chris

1994-08-01

201

Communication skills training Royal Veterinary College (RfC): review undergraduate teaching learning methods. annals Stella Royal Veterinary College University London Submitted: July 2010  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: Communication skills training Royal Veterinary College (RfC): review undergraduate teaching learning methods. annals Stella Royal Veterinary College University London Submitted: July 2010 ?

202

Recommendations to University Managers for Facilitating Engagement of Academics with Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on community-based approaches to academic development has shown the importance of a collegial and supportive environment for teaching and learning about teaching. To investigate the environment in which academics work and teach, the research behind this article has defined a new concept, called "teaching groups". Teaching groups…

Heinrich, Eva

2013-01-01

203

Improving University Teaching. Volume II [and] Volume III: Contributed Papers. International Conference (10th, College Park, Maryland, July 4-7, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty papers from a 1984 international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Topics include the following: predicting achievement and overcoming disadvantages for first-year students, the impact of technology on higher education, using student conceptions of learning and teaching, problems and solutions for teaching

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

204

Study of the questionnaire of the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) teaching staff, using students opinion survey. Statistical treatment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quality improvement of university institutions represents the most important challenge in the next years, and the potential tool to achieve it is based on the institutional evaluation in general, and specially the evaluation of the teaching performance. The opinion questionnaire from the students is the most generalised tool used to evaluate the teaching performance at Spanish universities. The general objective of this thesis is to develop a statistical methodology suitable to extract, analyse and interpret the information contained in the Questionnaire of Teaching Evaluation from Student Opinion (CEDA) of the UPV, aimed at optimising its practical use. The study is centred in the application of different multivariate techniques and has been structured in three parts: (1) Evaluation of the reliability, validity and dimensionality of the tool. The multivariate method used for this purpose is the Factorial Analysis. (2) Determination of the capacity of the questionnaire to identify different profiles of lecturers based on the quality perceived by students. This target is conducted with different multivariate classification techniques: hierarchical cluster analysis, non-hierarchical and two-stage analysis. Moreover, those items that best discriminate among the teaching typologies obtained are identified in the questionnaire. (3) Identification of the teaching typologies according to different descriptive characteristics referent to the subject and lecturer, with the use of decision trees. Once identified these typologies, a new discriminant analysis is conducted aimed at identifying those items that best characterise each typology. Finally, a study is carried out with the classification method SIMCA (Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy) in order to determine the discriminant loading of every item among the identified teaching typologies, allowing the identification of those that best distinguish the different classes obtained. With the combined use of the proposed techniques, it is expected to optimise the use of CEDA as a measuring tool and an indicator of the teaching quality at the university, that would allow the introduction of actions for the continuous improvement in the teaching processes of the UPV.

Martinez Gomez, Monica

205

Incorporating Content, Pedagogy, and Research in a Preservice Geology Teaching Degree Program at Montana State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With funding from the American Geophysical Union's Linkages Program, faculty from the Departments of Earth Sciences and Education at Montana State University (MSU), and a local master teacher, have endeavored to develop a training program in Geology for future geoscience teachers in Montana. Presently, biology and geoscience are the most common taught secondary science subjects in Montana public schools and yet MSU lacks a pre-service teacher training program in geology. The goal of this degree program is to produce future geoscience teachers capable of applying in-depth understanding of Earth Systems Science, expertise in scientific research design and implementation, and a strong pedagogical foundation to their teaching. Graduates will receive a degree in Earth Sciences and be certified to teach General Science, Physical Science, and Geoscience in Montana schools. The degree program will include geology curricular components that achieve content goals and meet University graduation and State certification requirements, and pedagogical components aimed at instilling excellence in teaching. Majors will develop expertise in Earth System Science, including an understanding of the connections of the geosciences to societal issues and student's everyday lives, as well as an understanding of scientific inquiry through first-hand experience in research design and implementation. Advisors will target students early in their undergraduate career for participation in this 5-year program. Curricula will include 39 credits of Education coursework necessary for certification by the State, 36 credits of geology coursework, 51 credits of allied science and math courses, and 14 credits of University core. Development of this program coincides with a major institution-funded reassessment of the entire undergraduate Earth Sciences curriculum that will result in introduction of skills training and utilization of alternative instructional methods at appropriate curricular levels. Affecting change in the manner by which all Earth Sciences majors are taught, this reassessment will also include reformulation of the curriculum to include an Earth System Science framework. Roadblocks encountered during program development include budgetary limitations, faculty time, credit restraints, and negative attitudes toward new programs in an environment of fiscal restraint.

Schmitt, J.; Mogk, D.; Swanson, E.; Woolbaugh, W.

2001-05-01

206

“We know no such profession as a university teacher” : New Zealand academics' teaching capabilities and student performance in the years of academic boom and student strife  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The historical study aims to trace moves towards professionalising university teaching in the era of post-war expansion in higher education using the University of Auckland, New Zealand, as the specific case study. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The historical analysis draws from published papers and original documents chronicling the state of teaching abilities in New Zealand in the late 1950s and

Ian Brailsford

2011-01-01

207

Research and Teaching Cultures in Two Contrasting UK Policy Contexts: Academic Life in Education Departments in Five English and Scottish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores academic staff and departmental research and teaching cultures in the Education Departments of five universities in Scotland and England, countries with increasingly diverging public policies in respect of education. The relationship between research and teaching, how the purposes of universities are defined and the status of…

Deem, Rosemary; Lucas, Lisa

2007-01-01

208

"Multi Media Physics" - An Experiment on Web-based Teaching at Michigan State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on a web-based, non-Calculus, Introductory General Physics course developed at MSU, currently in use by 10 faculty, teaching about 1,000 students at three universities and a community college. Instead of attending lectures, students follow the course interactively at their own pace, from their own place, by downloading web-pages through standard browsers. Apart from text and diagrams, the material includes interactive animations and simulations, as well as Quick-time movies of live demonstrations. They work out weekly home-work problems that are individualised, and intantly graded by the system (answers in numerical/multiple-choice/ T/F format). All the materials are stored in a database, and can be selected/altered by the teacher, customising the course for the level of the class.

Ray, Ranjan; Bauer, Wolfgang; Benenson, Walter; Kortemeyer, Gerd; Westfall, Gary

1998-04-01

209

Experimental stations as a tool to teach soil science at the University of Valencia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper shows the strategies used at the University of Valencia (Department of Geography. Soil Erosion and Degradation Research Group) to teach soil science at the Geography and Enviromental Science Degrees. The use of the Montesa and El Teularet research stations contribute with a better knowledge on soil science for the students as they can see the measurements carried out in the field. Students visit the stations and contribute to measurements and sampling every season. The use of meteorological stations, erosion plots, soil moisture and soil temperatures probes, and sampling give the students the chances to understand the theoretical approach they use to have. This presentation will show how the students evolve, and how their knowledge in soil science is improved.

Cerdà, Artemi

2010-05-01

210

University of New Mexico College of Nursing: Teaching and Nursing Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the health care professions experience continued growth, more and more people are seeking to enter the field of nursing. Nursing educators will appreciate these materials designed to engage their students. Crafted by the University of New Mexico's College of Nursing, these teaching and learning strategies help promote critical thinking and other key skills applicable to the field. There are nine sections here, including Analogy, Case Study, Debate, Jigsaw, and Role Playing. Each area contains examples (some with videos) of each activity or concept, along with information about the strategy's potential use in the classroom. The site is rounded out by a section of Selected Journal Articles, which deal with pedagogy, course development, and student engagement.

211

The Performance of the Ethics Committees in Teaching Hospitals Affiliated With Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: During the last three decades, ethics committees have been formed with a growing trend. These committees have a satisfactory and effective impact on the pattern of patient care and its performance. The medical ethics committee is considered one of the most active committees in hospitals, having the aim of providing necessary approaches for the optimal use of the findings in empirical science and diagnostic treatment and observance of Islamic noble values in performing medical affairs. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the performance of the ethics committees, in the teaching hospitals affiliated with Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, in Mashhad. Patients and Methods: Subjects of this study include teaching hospitals in Mashhad, affiliated with Mashhad University of Medical Sciences and the tool used in gathering the data was a questionnaire, completed based on the information provided by the proceedings of the meetings held by the ethics committees. Also, for the purpose of gathering the suggestions, specifically on the improvement of the performance, a meeting was held with the representatives from hospitals' ethics committees. During the meeting, work reports were presented and recommendations made, based on those presentations. . Results: Findings of the present study suggest that all hospitals under study, have an ethics committee, of which 85.7% operate in combination with other committees. The composition of the members of the committees, in 57.1% of the hospitals, was based on the guidelines for hospital evaluation. Conclusions: For the performance of the medical ethics committees to improve, it is recommended that the hospital administration and evaluation section, hold regular meetings and oblige members to participate more actively.

Meraji, Marziyhe; Sadoughi, Farahnaz; Ramezan Ghorbani, Nahid; Nezami, Azar

2014-01-01

212

Do Initial Training Courses Have an Impact on University Teaching? The Evidence from Two Evaluative Studies of One Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes evidence from two evaluative studies of the initial training course for new teaching staff at Oxford Brookes University, UK. Findings indicate that the course has had a positive effect for most of the participants. Presents evidence of the positive feedback in the form of comments from several participants. Attitude statements used in…

Rust, Chris

2000-01-01

213

International Union of Physiological Sciences Physiology Teaching Workshop, March 31-April 1, 2012, Arabian Gulf University, Kingdom of Bahrain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2009, the Department of Physiology had planned an International Union of Physiological Sciences Physiology Teaching Workshop at Arabian Gulf University. The date was set for March 5-6, 2011; however, due to civil unrest, the workshop was postponed to March 31-April 1, 2012. The workshop was a success, bringing together 92 speakers and…

Subhan, M. M. F.

2013-01-01

214

Do University Teachers Become More Effective with Experience? A Multilevel Growth Model of Students' Evaluations of Teaching over 13 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do university teachers, like good wine, improve with age? The purpose of this methodological/substantive study is to apply a multiple-level growth modeling approach to the long-term stability of students' evaluations of teaching effectiveness (SETs). For a diverse cohort of 195 teachers who were evaluated continuously over 13 years (6,024 classes,…

Marsh, Herbert W.

2007-01-01

215

Broadening Educational Horizons: The National Science Foundation GK-12 Teaching Fellowship Program at the University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future of meaningful scientific research in the United States depends heavily upon the quality of the science and mathematics education received by students in our grade K-12 education system. The National Science Foundation's GK-12 Teaching Fellowship Program provides opportunities for scientific enrichment for students and their teachers at the K-12 level. Currently in its fifth year at the University

K. R. Wilson; J. T. Kelley

2005-01-01

216

Science First: Contributions of a University-Industry Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program to Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how public policy establishing the University of California Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program helped to establish the state's environmental technology industry. The multidisciplinary "science-push" program generated economic development benefits including leveraged research funding and at least 200 new private sector jobs,…

Bradshaw, Ted K.; Kennedy, Kevin M.; Davis, Paul R.; Lloyd, Larry L.; Gwebu, Nokuthula; Last, Jerold A.

2003-01-01

217

Cosmogonies and Culture: Teaching Genesis and the Popol Vuh in an Interdisciplinary Course at a Christian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the possibilities of teaching Genesis and the Popol Vuh, the Mayan creation account, in an interdisciplinary course at a church-related institution. The course is part of an alternative, interdisciplinary core curriculum typically taken by two hundred students a year at the university. A comparison of the Popol Vuh with Genesis…

Parsons, Mikeal C.; Cook, Garrett

2004-01-01

218

Quality Management of First Year Teaching - An Initiative in the School of Engineering, University of Western Sydney  

Microsoft Academic Search

Confronted with high rates of loss of students (attrition) in first year engineering at the University of Western Sydney (40%+) the Head of School, Head of Program, College Associate Dean Academic, Associate Head of the School Engineering and a Teaching Fellow (the authors) undertook a study of the trends and strategies for improving the retention rate. High attrition rates have

S. Riley; A. McPhail; G. Bishop; B. Campbell; S. Shrestha

219

School/University Partnerships and the UNI Teaching Associates Cadre Model: Professional Benefits to PreK-12 Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of the University of Northern Iowa's (UNI) Teaching Associates Cadre Model (TAC) Professional Development School (PDS) program is discussed within the context of Kagan's six stages of collaborative relationships: formation, conceptualization, development, implementation, evaluation, and termination or reformation. The TAC was…

Selke, Mary J.; Kueter, Roger A.

220

Bhutanese Stakeholders' Perceptions about Multi-Grade Teaching as a Strategy for Achieving Quality Universal Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employed document analysis and qualitative interviews to explore the perceptions of different Bhutanese stakeholders about multi-grade teaching, which the Bhutanese Government identified as a strategy for achieving quality Universal Primary Education. The data from Ministry officials, teachers and student teachers were analyzed using…

Kucita, Pawan; Kivunja, Charles; Maxwell, T. W.; Kuyini, Bawa

2013-01-01

221

Beyond the Information Arcade(TM): Next Generation Collaborations for Learning and Teaching at the University of Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1992, the University of Iowa Libraries' Information Arcade, a facility designed to support the use of electronic resources in research, teaching, and independent learning, has been a springboard for developing new collaborative technology-based services. This paper describes next generation developments underway in applying learning…

Dewey, Barbara I.

222

Principles of Pedagogy in Teaching in a Diverse Medical School: The University of Capetown South Africa Medical School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-month project developed by the Sage Colleges (New York) and the University of Capetown Medical School in South Africa to help the medical faculty at the Capetown Medical School teach its newly diverse student body. The program is intended to improve student retention and it emphasizes the need for faculty to assure…

Rothenberg, Julia Johnson; Holland, Errol

223

University Curricula in Agricultural and Extension Education: An Analysis of What We Teach and What We Publish  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares what we teach and what we publish in the field of agricultural and extension education as a step in the process of identifying cutting edge themes for inclusion in curricula. An analysis of content of existing undergraduate and graduate agricultural and extension education curricula at 22 public universities in the United States was conducted in June, 2003,

David G. Acker; James I. Grieshop

224

Organization and Implementation of a University-Wide Collaboration for Advancing Teaching Technology and Science in Public Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Arizona's Collaboration for the Advancement of Teaching Technology and Science (CATTS) was formed 4 years ago for the purpose of teaming university graduate and undergraduate science students with local K-12 teachers to enhance science teaching at all grade levels. This NSF-funded GK-12 program has been remarkably successful at training university students to use exemplary science education materials and to enable them to work within the culture of K-12 classrooms. The program relies on the formation and maintainence of a respectful, robust, and mutually beneficial relationship between the university and Tucson area school districts, school principals, and schoolteachers. This paper explores the process we have used and are using to build and maintain a partnership between two very diverse cultures: the K-12 culture and the university's research-based culture. The CATTS program links University of Arizona outreach projects with schools, trains CATTS Fellows on current educational pedagogical thinking, and provides a means of evaluating the teaching effectiveness of CATTS Fellows. The presentation will describe the strategies and techniques for building and maintaining alliances and creating ownership of the CATTS programs by school districts, school administrators, and teachers. We will also describe recruiting and training practices and various corrective actions we have taken to improve the program over its lifetime. The CATTS program provides an effective outreach tool for educational programs in geophysics, marine biology and oceanography, climatology, hydrology, and space physics and astronomy, to name a few. As such it is an example of a core outreach program that can be used at research universities, national research facilities, or non-research oriented colleges. The program also provides an effective way to train future teaching professors and scientists to effectively participate in formal and informal education and public outreach programs.

Regens, N.; Hall-Wallace, M. K.

2003-12-01

225

Evaluation of the peer teaching program at the University Children´s Hospital Essen - a single center experience.  

PubMed

Since 1986 medical students at the University Children's Hospital Essen are trained as peers in a two week intensive course in order to teach basic paediatric examination techniques to younger students. Student peers are employed by the University for one year. Emphasis of the peer teaching program is laid on the mediation of affective and sensomotorical skills e.g. get into contact with parents and children, as well as manual paediatric examination techniques. The aim of this study is to analyse whether student peers are able to impart specific paediatric examination skills as good as an experienced senior paediatric lecturer. 123 students were randomly assigned to a group with either a senior lecturer or a student peer teacher. Following one-hour teaching-sessions in small groups students had to demonstrate the learned skills in a 10 minute modified OSCE. In comparison to a control group consisting of 23 students who never examined a child before, both groups achieved a significantly better result. Medical students taught by student peers almost reached the same examination result as the group taught by paediatric teachers (21,7±4,1 vs. 22,6±3,6 of 36 points, p=0,203). Especially the part of the OSCE where exclusively practical skills where examined revealed no difference between the two groups (7,44±2,15 vs. 7,97±1,87 of a maximum of 16 points, p=0,154). The majority of students (77%) evaluated peer teaching as stimulating and helpful. The results of this quantitative teaching study reveal that peer teaching of selected skills can be a useful addition to classical paediatric teaching classes. PMID:23737922

Büscher, Rainer; Weber, Dominik; Büscher, Anja; Hölscher, Maite; Pohlhuis, Sandra; Groes, Bernhard; Hoyer, Peter F

2013-01-01

226

Evaluation of the peer teaching program at the University children?s hospital Essen - a single center experience  

PubMed Central

Since 1986 medical students at the University Children’s Hospital Essen are trained as peers in a two week intensive course in order to teach basic paediatric examination techniques to younger students. Student peers are employed by the University for one year. Emphasis of the peer teaching program is laid on the mediation of affective and sensomotorical skills e.g. get into contact with parents and children, as well as manual paediatric examination techniques. The aim of this study is to analyse whether student peers are able to impart specific paediatric examination skills as good as an experienced senior paediatric lecturer. 123 students were randomly assigned to a group with either a senior lecturer or a student peer teacher. Following one-hour teaching-sessions in small groups students had to demonstrate the learned skills in a 10 minute modified OSCE. In comparison to a control group consisting of 23 students who never examined a child before, both groups achieved a significantly better result. Medical students taught by student peers almost reached the same examination result as the group taught by paediatric teachers (21,7±4,1 vs. 22,6±3,6 of 36 points, p=0,203). Especially the part of the OSCE where exclusively practical skills where examined revealed no difference between the two groups (7,44±2,15 vs. 7,97±1,87 of a maximum of 16 points, p=0,154). The majority of students (77%) evaluated peer teaching as stimulating and helpful. The results of this quantitative teaching study reveal that peer teaching of selected skills can be a useful addition to classical paediatric teaching classes.

Buscher, Rainer; Weber, Dominik; Buscher, Anja; Holscher, Maite; Pohlhuis, Sandra; Groes, Bernhard; Hoyer, Peter F.

2013-01-01

227

Replacing animal use in physiology and pharmacology teaching in selected universities in Eastern Europe--charting a way forward.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to explore the use of animals in teaching and the implementation of innovative technology-based teaching practices across a small sample of universities in Eastern Europe. The research methods used were a questionnaire circulated four weeks before a workshop took place (in October 2009, in Belgrade, Serbia), as well as focused, face-to-face group discussions, led by one of the authors during the workshop. Twenty-two faculty (physiologists and pharmacologists), from 13 Eastern European countries, attended the meeting. Fourteen of the eighteen schools represented at the workshop were making use of animals, in some instances in quite large numbers, for their teaching. For example, a single department at a Romanian university used over 250 animals per annum, and at least 1130 animals were used, per annum, across all of the institutions. The species used in largest numbers were the rat (34%), frog/toad (29%), mouse (22%), rabbit (10%), guinea-pig (4%) and dog (1%). None of the universities sampled had implemented institution-wide virtual learning environments (VLEs), although there were isolated instances of local use of VLEs. There was relatively little current use of technology-based teaching and learning resources, but there was considerable enthusiasm to modernise teaching and to introduce innovative learning and teaching methods. The major perceived barrier to the introduction of replacement alternatives was the lack of versions in local languages. There was a consensus view that developing local language exemplars and evaluating their usefulness was likely to have the greatest impact on animal use, at least in the short-term. PMID:21452911

Dewhurst, David G; Kojic, Zvezdana Z

2011-03-01

228

Post-operative pain management in paediatric surgery at Sylvanus Olympio University Teaching Hospital, Togo.  

PubMed

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate pain management in paediatric surgery at Sylvanus Olympio University Teaching Hospital, Lome. Patients and Methods: A prospective descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care at Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital from 1 January to 30 June 2012. Data collected include: demography, type of surgery, American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) classification, anaesthetic protocol, analgesia technique, post-operative complications and cost of analgesia. Results: The study includes 106 post-operative children. Abdominal surgery was performed in 41.5% and orthopaedic surgery in 31.1%. A total of 75% of patients were classified ASA 1. General anaesthesia (GA) was performed in 88%. Anaesthetists supervised post-operative care in 21.7% cases. Multimodal analgesia was used in every case and 12% of patients received a regional block. The most frequently unwanted effects of analgesics used were nausea and/or vomiting in 12.3%. At H24, child under 7 years have more pain assessment than those from 7 to 15 years (46% vs 24%) and this difference was statistically significant (chi-square = 4.7598; P = 0.0291 < 0.05). The average cost of peri-operative analgesia under loco regional analgesia (LRA) versus GA during the first 48 h post-operative was US $23 versus $46. Conclusion: Our study showed that post-operative pain management in paediatric surgery is often not well controlled and paediatric loco regional analgesia technique is under practiced in sub Saharan Africa. PMID:24841019

Sama, Hamza Doles; Bang'na Maman, Aboudoul Fataou Ouro; Djibril, Mohaman; Assenouwe, Marcellin; Belo, Mofou; Tomta, Kadjika; Chobli, Martin

2014-01-01

229

Teaching Communication Skills with Videomodeling and Videofeedback in the University Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study to examine the use of videotape as a modeling and feedback device in skills-based interpersonal communication courses. Findings demonstrated the effectiveness of teaching communication skills and of videomodeling of skills as a teaching technique. (JOW)

Scott, Jean Pearson; And Others

1983-01-01

230

[The teaching of microbiology in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Rome. Memories of the Institute].  

PubMed

The Author describes the various phases of the teaching of microbiology in the Faculty of Medicine of the University, of Rome, from the unity of Italy to the end of the twentieth century. A regular course of Bacteriology was started only in the academic year 1905/1906 as separate teaching from that of Hygiene and the Institute of Bacteriology was created in 1924. It was centered in Piazza del Viminale in Rome, in the same building as the Institute of Hygiene. Prof Vittorio Puntoni was the first Director of the Institute, also in its new site of the Città Universitaria which was inaugurated in 1935. In the meantime the old name of Bacteriology was changed to Microbiology and prof Puntoni remained as Director until 1943. The bombing during the war produced heavy damage to the new Institute and with the appointment of prof Aldo Cimmino as a new Director in 1946 the Institute of Microbiology began a long period of reconstruction and development. An astonishing improvement was achieved in the availability of human and technical resources, many groups of research workers were created and several pupils became professor of Microbiology in different Italian Universities. In 1981 prof Cimmino definitely retired, leaving, the teaching of Microbiology in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Rome "La Sapienza" to five of his pupils. One of them, prof Garaci, a few years later passed to the new University of Rome "Tor Vergata", becoming also Rector. The other four professor (Orsi, Filadoro, Pezzi, del Piano) continued their teaching in the successive years, with the collaboration of several associate professors, whose status was created by the law 382 in 1980. A later law on the short degree course required also the official participation of many researchers to the new teaching. Finally in 2001 the official activity of the Institute of Microbiology ceased and was incorporated in the Department of Public Health Sciences. PMID:18478679

Orsi, N

2008-01-01

231

The Universality of Good Teaching: A Study of Descriptors across Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on teaching is replete with definitions and examples of good teaching. They include the traits and characteristics of the best instructors, teachers, and professors. In recent years, the literature included the impact of teaching on the student learner, thus coming full circle, from teacher to learner. The literature provides good…

Samples, Jerry W.; Copeland, Susan E.

2013-01-01

232

Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Universe SciPack explores the ways scientists learn about the universe and the current ideas about the origins and formation of the universe. The focus is on Standards and Benchmarks related to the universe including how the universe was formed, formation and destruction of stars and characteristics of the sun and stars in terms of size and composition.In addition to comprehensive inquiry-based learning materials tied to Science Education Standards and Benchmarks, the SciPack includes the following additional components:� Pedagogical Implications section addressing common misconceptions, teaching resources and strand maps linking grade band appropriate content to standards. � Access to one-on-one support via e-mail to content "Wizards".� Final Assessment which can be used to certify mastery of the concepts.Learning Outcomes:Universe: How We Know What We Know� Select the right instrument given something specific to learn about the universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists analyze light to learn about objects in the universe.� Describe what the study of light can tell us about objects in the universe.� Understand the various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and how the various wavelengths can provide astronomers with different information.� Recognize that astronomers study a wide range of electromagnetic waves, not restricted to visible light.Universe: The Sun as a Star� Reject common misconceptions, such as stars are bits of the Sun. � List characteristics of the Sun that match the definition of a star.� Accurately compare and contrast the characteristics of the Sun with other stars (e.g., mass, distance, size, color).� Recognize the rough ratio of the distance to the Sun and the distance to the next nearest stars on a human scale (i.e., if the sun is 10 feet away, roughly how far is the next nearest star?).� Select the rough estimate of the travel time (at speed of light) to next nearest star from a list.� Describe how astronomers determined that the stars were just like the Sun.Universe: Birth, Life, and Death of Stars� Recount key aspects of the stellar life cycle. � Recognize the variables and conditions that would be needed to make predictions about the life cycle of a star, including the prominent role of initial mass. � Determine whether a reasonable prediction can be made, given certain knowns and unknowns.� Explain how the elements that compose our planet and solar system (and the rest of the universe) were formed.� Explain where the energy released by our Sun and other stars comes from.Universe: The Universe Beyond our Solar System� Arrange various objects in order of size and distance, ranging from space probes and moons to galaxies and galactic clusters.� Catalogue, in simple terms, the objects within a galaxy.� Generally explain "what is within what" (planetary systems, star clusters, galaxies, etc.).� Describe the location of our solar system within the Milky Way galaxy.� Describe the limitations of using parallax, radar, and brightness to measure the distance of objects from Earth, and classify objects whose distance from Earth could be accurately measured using each type of measurement strategy.Universe: The Origin and Evolution of the Universe� Provide a basic description of the conditions at the beginning of the universe.� Give the approximate age of the universe.� Recognize the scientific account of the current state of the universe given different explanations.� Explain the evidence for an expanding universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists use observations of position and motion to learn about objects in the universe.

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

2007-03-21

233

Medicine utilization review at a university teaching hospital in New Delhi  

PubMed Central

Objective: A prospective medicine usage evaluation based on prescription monitoring was conducted in the medicine OPD of our university teaching hospital to know prescribing trends of different categories of medicines. Materials and Methods: A total of 600 patients were included in the study comprising of 339 (56.5%) males and 261 (43.5%) females. The data were recorded within the OPD by a registered pharmacist on a medicine usage evaluation form, approved by The University Institutional Review Board (IRB). Results: A total of 2365 medicines were prescribed to 600 patients during the 3 months study period. The mean number of medicines per prescription were found to be 3.94. Medicines were most frequently prescribed as solid dosage forms (85.62%), especially tablets (70.82%), and liquid formulations (14.12%). Oral route (96.17%) was the most preferred mode of administration, followed by topical (2.11%) and parenteral (1.60%) routes. Combination therapy (94.33%) was more prevalent than monotherapy (5.66%). An overwhelming tendency for prescribing medicines by brand names (99%) was observed by the physicians. The most frequently prescribed class of medicines were antimicrobials > analgesics > cardiovascular > gastrointestinal agents. The most prescribed individual medicines among various therapeutic classes included isoniazid (antimicrobial), amlodipine (cardiovascular), metformin (hypoglycemic), cetirizine (antiallergic), rabeprazole (GI medicine), atorvastatin (hypolipidemic), dextromethorphan (respiratory medicine), alprazolam (sedative-hypnotic), paracetamol (analgesic). Conclusions: There is a considerable scope of improvement in the existing prescribing practice, especially prescribing by generic names, needs to be encouraged and a hospital formulary has to be developed for the purpose. The number of medicines to be included per prescription should be judged rationally and polypharmacy ought to be curbed. Use of antimicrobial also needs to be rationalized as over usage of antibiotics may lead to the problems such as medicine resistance and noncompliance.

Aqil, M.; Bhadana, V.; Alam, M.S.; Pillai, K. K.; Kapur, P.

2012-01-01

234

Clinical profile of hypertension at a University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Hypertension in Nigeria is a widespread problem of immense social and economic importance because of its high prevalence and the severity of its complications. Aim: To define the morbidity and mortality pattern of hypertension at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH). Method: Records of all patients admitted to the medical wards of the UPTH over a 5-year period with essential hypertension or any of its complications were retrieved from the ward and medical records and reviewed. Result: A total of 780 hypertensive patients were reviewed, constituting 28.2% of all medical admissions. Only 424 (15.2%) had complete records and were analyzed. Record keeping was poor. There were 173 (41%) males and 251 (59%) females with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. The ages ranged from 18 years to 100 years with a mean of 56.5 ± 16.2. Stroke was responsible for 169 (39.9%) hypertensive complications. Heart failure occurred in 97 (22%) cases while renal failure and encephalopathy accounted for 40 (9.4%) and 7 (1.7%) hypertensive complications respectively. There were 99 deaths out of which 51 (51.5%) were due to stroke, 14 (14.12%) were due to heart failure, and 12 (12.1%) were due to renal failure. Conclusion: The contribution of systemic hypertension to the morbidity and mortality of adults at UPTH is quite significant.

Onwuchekwa, Arthur C; Chinenye, Sunday

2010-01-01

235

Synopsis of congenital cardiac disease among children attending University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku Ozalla, Enugu  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of congenital cardiac disease among children attending UNTH, Enugu, Nigeria. The nature of these abnormalities and the outcome were also considered. The exact etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors tend to be implicated. The difference in the pattern obtained worldwide and few studies in Nigeria could be due to genetic, environmental, socioeconomic, or ethnic origin. Methods A retrospective analysis of discharged cases in which a review of the cases of all children attending children outpatient clinics including cardiology clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu over a five year period (January 2007-June 2012) was undertaken. All the children presenting with cardiac anomalies were included in the study and the cases were investigated using ECG, X-ray and echocardiography studies. Results A total of 31,795 children attended the children outpatient clinics of the hospital over the study period. Of these, seventy one (71) had cardiac diseases. The overall prevalence of cardiac disease is 0.22%. The commonest symptoms were breathlessness, failure to thrive and cyanosis. Almost all types of congenital detects were represented, the commonest being isolated ventricular septal detect (VSD), followed by tetralogy of Fallot. One of these cardiac anomalies presented with Downs’s syndrome and another with VACTERAL association. Conclusions The results of this study show that 0.22% per cent of children who attended UNTH in Enugu State had congenital cardiac abnormalities and the commonest forms seen were those with VSD.

2013-01-01

236

University of California, Irvine: The Geometry Junkyard-Lesson Plans and Teaching Materials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of online geometric teaching materials and lesson plans was assembled by David Eppstein, a professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of California, Irvine, and creator of the Geometry Junkyard (reported on in the June 9, 1999, Scout Report for Science & Engineering). This site offers links to an eclectic assortment of educational lessons and resources including a French geometry hypertext; a site with activities for middle school students based on M.C. Escher's artwork; an online book addressing dynamic software for geometry; a freeware geometric construction software for Windows (Wingeom); and a site containing cool geometric activities with Tangrams, Symmetry, Polygon Tessellations, Geoboards, and more. It should be noted, however, that links to some websites are not currently connected. Teachers, students, and others will also want to check out other sections of the Geometry Junkyard for more educational resources. Eppstein has organized geometry-related links by such topics as Origami, Geometric Models, Rectilinear Geometry, and Spirals, to name a few.

237

Professional Development for Adjunct Teaching Faculty in a Research-Intensive University: Engagement in Scholarly Approaches to Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research-intensive universities around the world are increasingly drawing upon leading practitioners in professional fields as adjunct faculty to deliver high quality student learning experiences in diverse undergraduate and graduate program contexts. To support effective professional development in these contexts, many universities have developed…

Webb, Andrea S.; Wong, Tracy J.; Hubball, Harry T.

2013-01-01

238

Cultivating the Understanding of a Catholic University's Mission and the Principles of Catholic Social Teaching through a Faculty Service-Learning Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge for faculty teaching in Catholic business schools is how to integrate the University's mission and identity as well as the principles of Catholic Social Teaching (CST) into business school courses. Such integration is necessary if Catholic business schools are to provide students with a unique educational experience. This…

Guiry, Michael

2012-01-01

239

Mechanisms and Development Strategies for Teaching Thinking to Move the Role of Jordan Universities as the Product of the Think Tank from the Faculty Members Point of View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed at revealing the mechanisms and development strategies for teaching thinking to move the role of Jordan universities as the product of think tank from the faculty members point of view. Also aimed to determine the influence of academic rank in shaping the mechanisms and development strategies for teaching thinking in Jordanian…

Ziadat, Ayed H.; Abu-Nair, Natheer S.; Abu Sameha, Mansour A.

2011-01-01

240

Examining the Use of Computer Algebra Systems in University-Level Mathematics Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) is becoming increasingly important and widespread in mathematics research and teaching. In this paper, I will report on a questionnaire study enquiring about mathematicians' use of CAS in mathematics teaching in three countries; the United States, the United Kingdom, and Hungary. Based on the responses…

Lavicza, Zsolt

2009-01-01

241

Supporting New Academics' Use of Student Centred Strategies in Traditional University Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the perceived advantages of student centred learning (SCL) in higher education, novice teaching academics' attempts to implement such approaches may be thwarted by a lack of experience with teaching in general and with SCL in particular, difficulties locating suitable practical advice on SCL, and the demands of early career academic…

Plush, Sally E.; Kehrwald, Benjamin A.

2014-01-01

242

Content-Based Internet-Assisted ESP Teaching to Ukrainian University Students Majoring in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the issues of teaching ESP to Ukrainian tertiary students majoring in psychology. The suggested approach is based on teaching English through the content matter of special subjects included in the program of training practical psychologists. The example of an ESP textbook for psychologists is used for demonstrating the…

Tarnopolsky, Oleg

2009-01-01

243

Teaching Arrangements of Carbohydrate Metabolism in Biochemistry Curriculum in Peking University Health Science Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biochemistry occupies a unique place in the medical school curricula, but the teaching of biochemistry presents certain challenges. One of these challenges is facilitating students' interest in and mastery of metabolism. The many pathways and modes of regulation can be overwhelming for students to learn and difficult for professors to teach

Chen, Hao; Ni, Ju-Hua

2013-01-01

244

A Study on Motivational Factors of Students in German Language Teaching Department at Trakya University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are many definitions, views and theories for motivation. This study aims to state expressly what type of motivation factors according to the students' grades affects the students of German Language Teaching Departments (Turkey) negatively or positively. How the external and internal factors affect the students of German Language Teaching

Yucel, Mukadder Seyhan

2009-01-01

245

Graduate Students' Conceptions of University Teaching and Learning: Formation for Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper introduces a framework concerning conceptions of teaching and learning of advanced graduate students and the trajectory of change in their conceptions following a formal course on course design and teaching. Students were enrolled in six sections of this graduate course, two offered in a 6-week format and 4 in a 13-week format. The…

Saroyan, Alenoush; Dagenais, Joyce; Zhou, Yanfei

2009-01-01

246

Teaching the book and educating the person: challenges for university English language teachers in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent accounts of college-level English language teaching in China describe environments that, although constrained by the College English Test (CET), are undergoing changes in a number of curriculum areas, including recognition of the need to incorporate communicative approaches and the assessment of practical language abilities. In such times, tensions between the needs and desires of society, teaching institutions, teachers and

Rosemary Wette; Gary Barkhuizen

2009-01-01

247

Qualities of Collaboration, Professional Development and Teaching Improvement: An Experience in the University Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of teacher educators adopted collaborative teamwork to cope with a too large teaching load. The authors reflect on the experience of working together in a critical friendship group, highlighting the role that conversation plays in this process. The experience of a collaborative approach and its impact on teaching and professional…

Coronel, Jose M.; Carrasco, Maria J.; Fernandez, Marisa; Gonzalez, Sebastian

2003-01-01

248

A Guide to Better Teaching: Skills, Advice, and Evaluation for College and University Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"A Guide to Better Teaching" is a self-help book that provides anyone teaching a college course with a thorough understanding of what it takes to be an effective teacher. Derived from the authors' extensive research, several interactive assessment tools are included that measure levels of effectiveness according to learner preferences. Each…

Jahangiri, Leila; Mucciolo, Tom

2011-01-01

249

A study on cervical cancer screening amongst nurses in Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.  

PubMed

Cancer of the cervix is the commonest genital tract malignancy in the female, and it has been ranked second to breast cancer. It has positive association with infection of human papillomavirus. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality have declined substantially in western countries following the introduction of screening programmes. This present study investigated the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) towards cervical cancer screening as they are important health personnel that are suppose to educate women on the need for cervical cancer screening. The study is a descriptive cross-sectional survey of the knowledge, attitude and practice of 200 nurses in LUTH towards cervical cancer screening. The results obtained showed that 99% of the respondents were aware of cervical cancer and that 92% of the respondents were also aware of the causative organism of cervical cancer (human papillomavirus). Their major sources of information were through electronic media (43.9%) and health professionals (37.4%). Furthermore, the respondents were quiet aware of Pap smear (91%) as one of the screening techniques of cervical cancer and had good attitudes (89%) towards Pap smear, but most of them had never done it before. The study further revealed that majority of the respondents did not know colposcopy as one of the screening techniques for cervical cancer. Finally, it has been made known from this study that nurses have good knowledge of cervical cancer but have limited understanding of the types of cervical cancer screening techniques and poor disposition towards undergoing cervical cancer screening. It may thus be recommended that institutions should periodically organise seminars and training for health personnel especially the nurses which form a group of professionals that should give health education to women about cervical cancer. This training may be done as part of the orientation programme to newly employed staff. PMID:21222192

Awodele, O; Adeyomoye, A A A; Awodele, D F; Kwashi, V; Awodele, I O; Dolapo, D C

2011-09-01

250

Immediate mass casualty management in Jos University Teaching Hospital: a successful trial of Jos protocol.  

PubMed

Traumatic, injuries arising from high velocity means of mobility, increased industrialization, frequent ethnic and religious classes and terrorist activities by way of bomb blasts, etc., often result in sudden unexpected mass casualty presenting to a given secondary or tertiary health institution. The successful management of such situation involves multidimensional and multidisciplinary approach anchored on awareness, preplanning and alertness. In response to the challenge, the orthopaedic and trauma unit of Jos University Teaching Hospital worked out the "Jos Protocol" which embodies the principle and strategy for mass casualty management and response to field distress call to the hospital within the practical limitations of our infrastructure. On the sixth of April, 1997 a vehicular collision in a neighbouring village resulted in twenty nine severely injured patients being rushed to the hospital's accident and emergency unit. By activating the protocol and utilizing the cascade call our system, mutual aid, hospital mobilization, reach out system, modified hospital triage, team work, effective manoeuvers and treatment modification, the immediate rescucitation and stabilization of patients was achieved in five hours. The working team comprised fifteen doctors and some hospital workers who could be reached on a weekend. Out of the mortality of 6 patients, 3 died in the triage zone while 3 were brought in dead. The difficulties encountered during the management and recommendation for improved immediate mass casualty management are discussed. Further, we believe that it has become necessary for every secondary and tertiary health institution to work out a mass casualty management protocol adapted to its peculiar working circumstances. A case is made for the establishment of regional disaster committees. PMID:11126091

Nwadiaro, H C; Yiltok, S J; Kidmas, A T

2000-01-01

251

Teaching future K-8 teachers the language of Newton: A case study of collaboration and change in university physics teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This interpretive case study describes a collaborative project involving a physics professor and a science educator. We report what was learned about factors that influenced the professor's development of teaching strategies, alternative to lecture, that were intended to promote prospective teachers' meaningful learning and their use of canonical ways of communicating physics concepts. We describe how the professor's beliefs influenced the pedagogy that he used to communicate the language of physics and the nature of what was communicated. We also report how our collaboration fostered change as we developed a shared language that allowed us to discuss how students learn and to explicate the referent beliefs that supported the professor's practices. We found that focused reflection on referent beliefs led to a change in the manner in which the professor communicated with the prospective teachers. Traditional lecture pedagogy focused the professor's concern on how he was teaching evolved toward a pedagogy that focused on how students were learning. Classroom interactions were increased with a primary goal of orchestrating a discourse of physics initiated in the language already accessible to the prospective teachers. This change in the manner that classroom interactions occurred provided opportunities for the prospective teachers' language to evolve toward eventually communicating their ideas in canonical physics language.

Briscoe, Carol; Prayaga, Chandra S.

2004-11-01

252

Teaching to learn and learning to teach: notes toward building a university in a management consulting firm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shape and makeup of a corporate university in a management consulting firm remains a vexed question: what should it look like, and what should it do, to develop its professionals most effectively? There is not a great deal of literature on this topic - or on management, human resources, and professional development in professional services firms in general -

Mark David Nevins

1998-01-01

253

Power Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Power Teaching weaves four factors into a seamless whole: standards, teaching thinking, research based strategies, and critical inquiry. As a prototype in its first year of development with an urban fifth grade class, the power teaching model connects selected district standards, thinking routines from Harvard University Project Zero Research…

Fluellen, Jerry E., Jr.

2007-01-01

254

Teaching to Teach in Toronto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The training objectives for postgraduate education in the United States and Canada both state that teaching skills should be formally developed during training. This article reviews the development of the Teaching-to-Teach program at the University of Toronto Department of Psychiatry, the current curriculum, evaluation, and future…

Dang, Kien; Waddell, Andrea E.; Lofchy, Jodi

2010-01-01

255

Van der Woude syndrome: A review of 11 cases seen at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital  

PubMed Central

Background Van der Woude syndrome (VWS), an autosomal dominant condition associated with clefts of the lip and/or palate and lower lip pits and is caused by mutations in interferon regulatory factor six gene. It is reported to be the most common syndromic cleft worldwide. Non-penetrance for the lip pit phenotype is found in at least 10% of affected individuals and those without the pits are phenocopies for non-syndromic clefting. The aim of this study is to present the phenotypic characteristic of VWS seen at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) cleft clinic. Materials and Methods A review of cases of patients with VWS that attended the cleft lip and palate clinic at the LUTH Idi-Araba, Lagos, from January 2007 to December 2012 was conducted. Data analyses included sex of affected patients, types of cleft, presence of lower lip pits and history of lower lip pits/cleft in the family. Results A total of 11 cases were seen during the period (male = 4; female = 7). Age at presentation ranged between 1 week and 12 years, with majority (n = 10) less than 2 years of age. Bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) was seen in six patients, isolated soft palatal cleft (n = 3) and unilateral cleft lip and alveolus (n = 1) and cleft of hard and soft palate (n = 1). Bilateral lower lips were presented in 10 out of the 11 cases. The mother of the only patient without lip pits presented with bilateral lower lip pits. No family history of cleft/lip pits was elicited in 10 other cases. Conclusion Most of the cases of VWS presented with BCLP and lower lip pits. Non-penetrance for the lip pits was seen in one out of 11 cases. Our study emphasizes the need to screen family members in all cleft cases, especially clinically diagnosed non-syndromic cases who may be VWS with no lip pits. Future studies are required to investigate the genetic causes of this syndrome in our population.

James, Olutayo; Adeyemo, Wasiu L.; Emeka, Christian I.; Ogunlewe, Mobolanle O.; Ladeinde, Akinola L.; Butali, Azeez

2014-01-01

256

Intensive care admissions and outcome at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.  

PubMed

An intensive care unit (ICU) is for critically ill patients who are likely to benefit from the expertise care provided. The outcome is dependent on the available human and material resources. The University of Calabar Teaching Hospital is a 410-bed hospital. It has a 3-bed general ICU consisting of 2 adult and 1 pediatric beds. A retrospective analysis of all ICU admissions as well as the mortality rate during a 12-month period that spans April 2009 and March 2010 was done. The data were collected from the ICU admissions and nurses' report books. The data extracted were the patients ages, stratified to pediatric (0-18 years) and adult (>18 years); the source of admission, primary diagnosis, the duration of admission, and the patients who were ventilated were also noted. The outcome in terms of mortality was examined in relation to parameters stated above. Eighty-five patients were admitted during the 1-year period, with a bed occupancy rate of 23%. There were 11 (12.9%) pediatric patients and 74 (87.1%) adult patients. Sources of admissions were 64 (75.3%) patients from the operating room, 8 (9.4%) from the inpatient wards, and 13 (15.3%) from the accident and emergency department. Among the adult patients, there were 23 (31%) patients with trauma. There were 45 (61%) surgical patients and 6 (8%) medical patients. Sixteen (19%) patients were mechanically ventilated. The overall mortality was 28 (32.9%). Sixty-four percent of the mortality occurred during the first 24 hours of admission. A mortality rate of 83.3% was recorded among medical patients and 62.5% in those referred from the wards. In mechanically ventilated patients, the mortality rate was 62.5%. Ventilator malfunction, power failure, and oxygen exhaustion led to the unfavorable outcome in patients who were ventilated. In pediatric patients, the mortality rate was 45.5%. Early identification and referral of critically ill patients from the wards, availability of ventilator with battery backup, and maintenance of functioning equipment would reduce the high mortality rate recorded in the study. PMID:22304993

Ilori, Iniabasi U; Kalu, Queeneth N

2012-02-01

257

Middle-Out Approaches to Reform of University Teaching and Learning: Champions Striding between the "Top-Down" and "Bottom-Up" Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, Australian universities have been driven by a diversity of external forces, including funding cuts, massification of higher education, and changing student demographics, to reform their relationship with students and improve teaching and learning, particularly for those studying off-campus or part-time. Many universities have…

Cummings, Rick; Phillips, Rob; Tilbrook, Rhondda; Lowe, Kate

2005-01-01

258

Virtual microscopy system at Chinese medical university: an assisted teaching platform for promoting active learning and problem-solving skills  

PubMed Central

Background Chinese medical universities typically have a high number of students, a shortage of teachers and limited equipment, and as such histology courses have been taught using traditional lecture-based formats, with textbooks and conventional microscopy. This method, however, has reduced creativity and problem-solving skills training in the curriculum. The virtual microscope (VM) system has been shown to be an effective and efficient educational strategy. The present study aims to describe a VM system for undergraduates and to evaluate the effects of promoting active learning and problem-solving skills. Methods Two hundred and twenty-nine second-year undergraduate students in the Third Military Medical University were divided into two groups. The VM group contained 115 students and was taught using the VM system. The light microscope (LM) group consisted of 114 students and was taught using the LM system. Post-teaching performances were assessed by multiple-choice questions, short essay questions, case analysis questions and the identification of structure of tissue. Students’ teaching preferences and satisfaction were assessed using questionnaires. Results Test scores in the VM group showed a significant improvement compared with those in the LM group (p??0.05); however, there were notable differences in the mean score rate of case analysis questions and identification of structure of tissue (p?university to promote undergraduates’ active learning and problem-solving skills as an assisted teaching platform.

2014-01-01

259

Informed consent practices for surgical care at university teaching hospitals: a case in a low resource setting  

PubMed Central

Background Informed consent in medical practice is essential and a global standard that should be sought at all the times doctors interact with patients. Its intensity would vary depending on the invasiveness and risks associated with the anticipated treatment. To our knowledge there has not been any systematic review of consent practices to document best practices and identify areas that need improvement in our setting. The objective of the study was to evaluate the informed consent practices of surgeons at University teaching Hospitals in a low resource setting. Methods A cross-sectional study conducted at three university teaching hospitals in Uganda. Self-guided questionnaires were left at a central location in each of the surgical departments after verbally communicating to the surgeons of the intention of the study. Filled questionnaires were returned at the same location by the respondents for collection by the research team. In addition, 20 in-depth interviews were held with surgeons and a review of 384 patients’ record files for informed consent documentation was done. Results A total of 132 (62.1%) out of 214 questionnaires were completed and returned. Respondents were intern doctors, residents and specialists from General surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Ear, Nose and Throat, Ophthalmology, Dentistry, Obstetrics and Gynaecology departments. The average working experience of respondents was 4.8 years (SD 4.454, range 0–39 years). 48.8% of the respondents said they obtained consent all the time surgery is done while 51.2% did not obtain consent all the time. Many of the respondents indicated that informed consent was not obtained by the surgeon who operated the patient but was obtained either at admission or by nurses in the surgical units. The consent forms used in the hospitals were found to be inadequate and many times signed at admission before diagnosing the patient’s disease. Conclusions Informed consent administration and documentation for surgical health care is still inadequate at University teaching hospitals in Uganda.

2014-01-01

260

[Burnout in healthcare workers of a university teaching hospital in Rome, Italy: a cross-sectional study].  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the frequency of burnout in healthcare workers of a university teaching hospital in Rome (Italy), by means of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. In total 142 healthcare workers participated in the study. Average levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization were observed in the study population. Working in emergency care services was found to be correlated with lower levels of personal accomplishment with respect to working in other services. Monitoring burnout in social service and healthcare workers is an effective tool for identifying critical situations in the workplace. PMID:18379605

Agostinelli, Alessandro; La Torre, Giuseppe; Bevilacqua, Francesca; Chiaradia, Giacomina; Specchia, Maria Lucia; Ricciardi, Walter

2008-01-01

261

Congenital malformations of the central nervous system at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos Plateau State of Nigeria.  

PubMed

The pattern of congenital malformation of the central nervous system (CNS) as seen in Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) is slightly different from that seen in Europe, Japan and Southern Nigeria. Not all the various types of CNS malformations reported from these centres have been seen in JUTH. Myelomeningocele was the commonest anomaly of the CNS seen and it accounted for more than 60% of all cases. Bilateral talipes equinovarus deformity was the commonest associated anomaly found. No case of anencephaly was seen in this study. PMID:1637744

Binitie, O P

1992-01-01

262

[For a history of medical teaching in the 'Marche". Libraries and universities: Lancisi and the University Library of Urbino].  

PubMed

During the Modern Age, in the Marche, in the Pontifical State, it was possible to study medicine and to obtain a degree in medicine in Macerata, Fermo, Urbino, Camerino and Fano. In these cities, from the end of the XVII century to the beginning of the XIX century, public libraries were founded also to support academic teaching. Private collections of medical books, generally formed in Rome, arrived in the Marche to increase the newborn public libraries. In 1720 Pope Clemens XI founded a public library in the monastery of Saint Francis in Urbino. In this library the medical books were bequeathed by the famous Roman physician Giovanni Maria Lancisi. The present article provides the first results of a research, which aims at identifying Lancisi's medical books. PMID:16240533

Fortuna, Stefania; Moranti, Maria; Patti, Maria

2004-01-01

263

The carbon reduction research of teaching staff commuting aided by Google Earth: taking Guangzhou University as an example  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, taking Guangzhou University as an example, carbon reduction of teaching staff commuting was researched. Firstly, considering carbon emission of teaching staff commuting is come from the fuel consumption of vehicle used to trip, the routes, schedule, vehicle type, fuel type and fuel consumption per 100 km of service express bus, public bus and private car were investigated from relevant department and web questionnaire in office automation system. Secondly, the routes of service express bus, public bus and private car were drawn in Google earth browser to measure distance. Thirdly, combined the bus schedule, school calendar, curriculum timetable of teacher and fuel consumption per 100 km of all kinds of vehicle, the fuel consumption of service express bus, public bus and private car were computed. Fourthly, carbon emission was calculated according to net calorific factor and calorie carbon emission factors of fuel. Finally, the measures of carbon reduction were discussed. The research results show that teaching staff commuting emitted 455.433 tons carbon in 2005-2006 academic year. And reducing usage rate of private car and adding new service express bus line are efficient measure of carbon reduction. Former measure can reduce 33.6891 tons carbon and about 7.4% of original emission. The latter can reduce 7.6317 tons and about 1.68% of original emission.

Xie, Hongyu; Wang, Xixiang; Zhao, Meichan; Zhao, Huaqing; Lin, Zhien

2008-10-01

264

Teaching generic skills: eroding the higher purpose of universities, or an opportunity for renewal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores opportunities and challenges presented by the development of graduate skills in Australian universities. We challenge the dichotomy that conceives of a fundamental disjuncture between the idea of universities as institutions of vocational education and the more traditional conception of universities as key institutions in the formation of reflective practitioners, social critics and good citizens. Despite the challenges

Cassandra Star; Sara Hammer

2008-01-01

265

Teaching Generic Skills: Eroding the Higher Purpose of Universities, or an Opportunity for Renewal?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores opportunities and challenges presented by the development of graduate skills in Australian universities. We challenge the dichotomy that conceives of a fundamental disjuncture between the idea of universities as institutions of vocational education and the more traditional conception of universities as key institutions in the…

Star, Cassandra; Hammer, Sara

2008-01-01

266

Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file, "University of Virginia Historic District," and other primary and secondary materials about Thomas Jefferson and the ctreation of the University of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson did not begin the effort of designing the University of Virginia (Charlottesville) until…

Hughes, Mary; Wilson, Sara

267

Prescribing practice and evaluation of appropriateness of enteral nutrition in a university teaching hospital  

PubMed Central

Background A retrospective utilization study was performed to evaluate utilization patterns for enteral nutrition in a university teaching hospital. Methods Enteral nutrition was divided into three types according to the nitrogen source, ie, total protein type [Nutrison Fibre®, Fresubin Energy Fibre®, Fresubin®, Supportan® (a special immunonutrition for cancer patients or patients with increased demands for omega-3 fatty acids), Fresubin Diabetes® (a diabetes-specific formula), Ensure®]; short peptide type (Peptison®); and amino acid type (Vivonex®). A pharmacoeconomic analysis was done based on defined daily dose methodology. Results Among hospitalized patients taking enteral nutrition, 34.8% received enteral nutrition alone, 30% concomitantly received parenteral nutrition, and 35.2% received enteral nutrition after parenteral nutrition. Combined use of the different formulas was observed in almost all hospitalized patients receiving enteral nutrition. In total, 61.5% of patients received triple therapy with Nutrison Fibre, Fresubin Diabetes, and Supportan. Number of defined daily doses (total dose consumed/defined daily dose, also called DDDs) of formulas in descending order were as follows: Nutrison Fibre, Fresubin Energy Fibre, Fresubin Diabetes > Supportan > Peptison, Ensure > Vivonex, Fresubin. The ratio of the cumulative DDDs for the three types of enteral nutrition was 35:2.8:1 (total protein type to short peptide type to amino acid type). Off-label use of Fresubin Diabetes was also observed, with most of this formula being prescribed for patients with stress hyperglycemia. Only 2.1% of cancer patients received Supportan. There were 35 cases of near misses in dispensing look-alike or sound-alike enteral nutrition formulas, and one adverse drug reaction in an elderly malnourished patient who did not receive vitamin K1-enriched enteral nutrition during treatment with cefoperazone. After 4 months of the trial intervention, off-label use of Fresubin Diabetes was no longer endorsed by the Drug and Therapeutics Committee for nondiabetic patients, and the proportion of this formula prescribed for patients with stress hyperglycemia decreased by 20%, with a 10-fold increase in the amount of Supportan prescribed for cancer patients. Near misses in dispensing look-alike or sound-alike enteral nutrition were successfully abolished, and no severe coagulation disorders occurred after prophylactic administration of vitamin K1-enriched enteral nutrition in elderly malnourished patients receiving cefoperazone. Conclusion This utilization study indicates that continuous quality improvement is necessary and that a Drug and Therapeutics Committee can play an important role in promoting rational and safe use of enteral nutrition. Appropriateness of this therapy still needs to be improved, especially in addressing the issues of non-evidence-based combined use of multiple enteral nutrition formulas, the relatively high rate of concomitant use of enteral and parenteral nutrition, off-label use of diabetes-specific Fresubin Diabetes, insufficient use of Supportan in cancer patients, and unnecessary use of Supportan in intensive care patients not suffering from cancer.

Zhu, Xiu-Ping; Zhu, Ling-Ling; Zhou, Quan

2013-01-01

268

The Problem of Hierarchy in the Objectives of Geography Teaching at the Pre-University Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The meaning of objectives in geographic education and the need to structure objectives in some hierarchical manner are presented in this paper. Discussion in past years centered on the teaching of general objectives in geography classes. During the last twenty years, however, geography instructors realized that objectives may be at various levels…

Graves, Norman John

269

Teaching about Genocide. A Guidebook for College and University Teachers: Critical Essays, Syllabi, and Assignments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook is an outgrowth of a 1991 conference on "Teaching about Genocide on the College Level." The book is designed as an introduction to the subject of genocide to encourage more teachers to develop new courses and/or integrate aspects of the history of genocide into the curriculum. The book is divided into two parts. Part 1, "Assumptions…

Freedman-Apsel, Joyce, Ed.; Fein, Helen, Ed.

270

Living an Inquiry Stance toward Teaching in School-University Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of partnerships and the integration of theory and practice in professional positioning is so complex that there are undoubtedly promises, potentials, and problematics. To live within this complexity, embrace tensions and challenges, and sustain this important work, the author views living an inquiry stance toward teaching as the…

Snow-Gerono, Jennifer L.

2010-01-01

271

Magnetism Teaching Sequences Based on an Inductive Approach for First-Year Thai University Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the impact on student motivation and understanding of magnetism of teaching sequences based on an inductive approach. The study was conducted in large lecture classes. A pre- and post-Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism was conducted with just fewer than 700 Thai undergraduate science students, before and after…

Narjaikaew, Pattawan; Emarat, Narumon; Arayathanitkul, Kwan; Cowie, Bronwen

2010-01-01

272

Policy Issues in the Teaching and Learning of the Mathematical Sciences at University Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mathematics education at every level is increasingly influenced by powerful bureaucrats rather than by the profession. Suggests that mathematical scientists should try to understand the political forces affecting mathematics education for the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI) study on teaching and learning mathematics at…

Thomas, Jan

2000-01-01

273

Understanding and Influencing Teaching and Learning Cultures at University: A Network Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic cultures might be perceived as conservative, at least in terms of development of teaching and learning. Through a lens of network theory this conceptual article analyses the pattern of pathways in which culture is constructed through negotiation of meaning. The perspective contributes to an understanding of culture construction and…

Roxa, Torgny; Martensson, Katarina; Alveteg, Mattias

2011-01-01

274

Students' Perceptions of University Method Class Preparation for Teaching across Music Disciplines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if participants believed that participation in music education methods courses would provide adequate training to address concerns they had about teaching either within or outside their area of familiarity. One hundred fifty-nine music majors enrolled in music methods courses during the 2005-2006 academic…

Hamann, Donald; Ebie, Brian

2009-01-01

275

Teaching Political Science to First-Year University Students: Challenging "Taxi-Rank Analysis"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the situated nature of the epistemological values of a social science discipline as it finds expression in a particular department. Although it explores Becher and Trowler's anthropological conception of disciplinary "territories" and tribes ([1989]/2001) it finds deeper resonances in Trowler's more recent notion of "teaching

Niven, Penelope

2013-01-01

276

Touring the Indigenous or Transforming Consciousness? Reflections on Teaching Indigenous Tourism at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of the non-Indigenous educator and researcher in education on Indigenous issues is becoming the subject of critical scrutiny. Indigenous academics are successfully turning the gaze on non-Indigenous peers and practices. This paper narrates some of the experiences of a non-Indigenous educator teaching an undergraduate elective Indigenous…

Higgins-Desbiolles, Freya

2007-01-01

277

Reflective teaching practice by university faculty: rationale and case study in computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years, many innovative and successful ideas related to educational research and teaching practice have been reported in engineering journals and conferences and at various conferences within the engineering disciplines. However, finding or creating an environment within one's own institution to apply these ideas is often difficult. A source of this difficulty may be that implementation of such ideas

Carol Kilpatrick; Lynn Hart; Deborah Najee-ullah; Phillip Mitchem

1997-01-01

278

Relationship between Research and Teaching in Doctoral Education in UK Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the relationship between staff research and teaching in doctoral education with a special reference to disciplinary variations. The relationship between staff research (the 2001 RAE scores) and the effectiveness of doctoral education as perceived by students is analysed. On the whole, little relationship between…

Chiang, Kuang-Hsu

2004-01-01

279

Teaching Context: "Synthetic and Analytic Syllabuses" in a South Korean University Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two syllabus types are not only representative of the way languages are taught, they also reflect the general teaching styles of the West and the East. While in the West, much attention is given to the actual processes of completing the tasks, a typical Eastern approach places more emphasis on the information that is passed from the teacher…

Jambor, Paul Z.

2006-01-01

280

Teaching imaginary children: University students’ narratives about their Latino practicum children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the dialogic processes involved in how teachers talk about their students and what consequences their ways of talking (i.e., “narratives”) may have for their guidance. We take a sociocultural perspective on learning as transformation of students’ subjectivity. Teaching, as a process of guiding and facilitating learning, cannot be effective if the teacher does not actively seek how

Eugene Matusov; Mark Philip Smith

2007-01-01

281

Teaching the Book and Educating the Person: Challenges for University English Language Teachers in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent accounts of college-level English language teaching in China describe environments that, although constrained by the College English Test (CET), are undergoing changes in a number of curriculum areas, including recognition of the need to incorporate communicative approaches and the assessment of practical language abilities. In such times,…

Wette, Rosemary; Barkhuizen, Gary

2009-01-01

282

The management and security of virtual world university campuses and teaching environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The successful operation of virtual world teaching, learning and social environments requires careful planning and management. This involves controlling a range of factors including entry, building and object permissions, role responsibilities, security of facilities, personal safety, emergency procedures and the development of a comprehensive risk management plan. There are many parallels between the management of real world campuses and those

Allan Ellis; Noel Jacobson; Stephen Rowe

2010-01-01

283

Using online social networking for teaching and learning: Facebook use at the University of Cape Town  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based learning has made learning content much more freely and instantaneously available to students who can download course notes and readings with a single mouse click. Facebook is one of many Web 2.0 tools – wikis, delicious, YouTube, podcasts – that are listed as having potential applications for teaching and learning. Moreover, it has been argued that the current generation

Tanja E Bosch

2009-01-01

284

What makes a difference? Various teaching strategies to reduce homophobia in university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine how effective lectures, discussion, small group problem-solving, explicit films, and a gay-lesbian panel might be in reducing homophobia. At five selected times during a human sexuality course, three instruments were administered measuring attitudes toward gays and lesbians, same-sex sexual and affectional behavior, and the self-esteem of student respondents. No one teaching strategy emerged as superior

Joel W. Wells

1991-01-01

285

Internet-based Teaching: How to Encourage University Students to Adopt Advanced Internet-based Technologies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growing interest in Internet-based teaching and the application of advanced Internet technologies in education, research investigating the use of advanced Internet-based technologies has been very scarce. The objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of factors influencing students' actual usage of sophisticated Internet-based technologies (IBT) in virtual classroom settings. Informed by theories on general human

Moez Limayem; Sabine Gabriele Hirt

2000-01-01

286

Culturally Responsive Teaching: Awareness and Professional Growth through a School-University Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preparing in-service and pre-service teachers to effectively work with culturally diverse students is an ongoing challenge for schools and universities alike. This article reports on a University-Professional Development School (PDS) initiative designed to enhance an awareness of culturally responsive pedagogy. This article describes a yearlong…

McCormick, Theresa M.; Eick, Charles J.; Womack, Janet S.

2013-01-01

287

Sharing Resources: Benefits of University Partnerships to Improve Teaching, Learning and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today, many higher educational institutions are forward thinking about promoting strategic initiatives by establishing partnerships with other universities nationally and internationally. Being financial and academically savvy, universities are reaching out to meet the demands of public interests in different types of college programs and…

Hilliard, Ann

2012-01-01

288

Distance Learning Class Model for Teaching a Foreign Language in University-Level Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to introduce the distance learning class model for a foreign language in university-level education context, and to prove that this class model is effective in cultivating the motivation and interest of university students for learning a foreign language. This distance learning lesson consists of two parts: Online chatting session,…

Lee, Sun-Min

2012-01-01

289

Teaching Ethical Copyright Behavior: Assessing the Effects of a University-Sponsored Computing Ethics Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities have become sensitized to the potential for students' illegal downloading of copyrighted materials. Education has been advocated as one way to curb downloading of copyrighted digital content. This study investigates the effectiveness of a university-sponsored computing ethics education program. The program positively influenced…

Siemens, Jennifer Christie; Kopp, Steven W.

2006-01-01

290

The Next Wave of Gender Projects in IT Curriculum and Teaching at Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the 'new' crisis in the low numbers of women choosing to study Information and Communication Technology (ICT) courses at universities in Australia and indeed around the western industrialised world. In Australian universities, the spectre of all male ICT classes is becoming more commonplace, particularly in the more technically focused courses. We are hypothesing that this is no

Catherine Lang

291

Teaching and Learning in Estonia and the United States: Tartu University and Maryville College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was the author's privilege to be awarded a Fulbright Grant as a lecturer to Estonia and Tartu University for the 2000 fall semester. His wife went with him, and she taught two English classes to advanced students at the university. The author taught Instructional Strategies for Secondary Teachers and Education and Social Issues in Education in…

Simpson, Terry L.; Simpson, Deborah L.; Trasberg, Karmen

2005-01-01

292

University Teaching and Social Cohesion in the Age of AIDS: A South African Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of ongoing social divisions, lack of coherent leadership by government, and even divisiveness over medical advances and public health mandates, how might universities respond? What university actions can support "social cohesion" in a society splintered by class, race, gender, colonial legacies, the history of apartheid, and…

Lesko, Nancy

2007-01-01

293

Teaching "Out" in the University: An Investigation into the Effects of Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Faculty Self-Disclosure upon Student Evaluations of Faculty Teaching Effectiveness in the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) university faculty worry about the effects of self-disclosure in their professional lives. One concern is that self-disclosure as LGBT could result in negative evaluations of one's teaching by students due to student bias against LGBT people. In order to investigate this concern, this study…

Jennings, Todd

2010-01-01

294

Developments in undergraduate teaching of small-animal soft-tissue surgical skills at the University of Sydney.  

PubMed

This article discusses recent developments in soft-tissue surgery teaching at the University of Sydney, Faculty of Veterinary Science. An integrated teaching program was developed for Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) students with the aim of providing them with optimal learning opportunities to meet "Day One" small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies. Didactic lectures and tutorials were introduced earlier into the curriculum to prepare students for live-animal surgery practical. In addition to existing clinics, additional spay/neuter clinics were established in collaboration with animal welfare organizations to increase student exposure to live-animal surgery. A silicon-based, life-like canine ovariohysterectomy model was developed with the assistance of a model-making and special effects company. The model features elastic ovarian pedicles and suspensory ligaments, which can be stretched and broken like those of an actual dog. To monitor the volume and type of student surgical experience, an E-portfolio resource was established. This resource allows for the tracking of numbers of live, student-performed desexing surgeries and incorporates competency-based assessments and reflective tasks to be completed by students. Student feedback on the integrated surgical soft-tissue teaching program was assessed. Respondents were assessed in the fourth year of the degree and will have further opportunities to develop Day One small-animal soft-tissue surgical competencies in the fifth year. Ninety-four percent of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that they were motivated to participate in all aspects of the program, while 78% agreed or strongly agreed that they received an adequate opportunity to develop their skills and confidence in ovariohysterectomy or castration procedures through the fourth-year curriculum. PMID:22430078

Gopinath, Deepa; McGreevy, Paul D; Zuber, Richard M; Klupiec, Corinna; Baguley, John; Barrs, Vanessa R

2012-01-01

295

Creating and Sustaining a Teaching and Learning Professional Community at Seattle Pacific University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Seattle Pacific University strives for collaboration between Physics and Education Departments for a stronger teacher education program. This inter-departmental cooperation is believed to be integral to great STEM teacher preparation.

Seeley, Lane; Vokos, Stamatis

2007-09-20

296

Earth Remote Sensing Facilities for Research and Teaching at the State University of New York  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This final report describes the remote sensing facility that was put into place at the State University of New York (SUNY) through the support obtained from the above referenced NASA award and the associated matching funds from SUNY.

Geller, Marvin; Waliser, D.; Lwiza, K.; Zhang, M.; Cess, R.; Lerdau, M.

2000-01-01

297

Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Support and Teaching Efficacy in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate university faculty's perceptions of teaching support and their teaching efficacy in Taiwan. In addition, the relationship of perceived teaching support to faculty' teaching efficacy was examined. Questionnaires measuring three dimensions of teaching support and six dimensions of teaching efficacy were…

Chang, Te-Sheng; McKeachie, Wilbert; Lin, Yi-Guang

2010-01-01

298

Increasing access to legal termination of pregnancy and postabortion contraception at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia.  

PubMed

The Zambian Association of Gynecology and Obstetrics is one of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) member societies participating in the FIGO Initiative for the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion and its Consequences from the East, Central, and Southern Africa region. The activities included in this country's plan of action were to provide access to safe abortion within the full extent of the law to women receiving care at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, and to increase the proportion of women leaving the hospital with a contraceptive method. Zambian law regarding abortion is liberal, but in general it was not applied until very recently. The proportion of legal terminations of pregnancy among patients receiving abortion care at the hospital increased from 3.2% in 2009 to 7.7% in 2011, while the percentage of women leaving the hospital with a contraceptive method increased from 25.3% to 69.4% over the same period. PMID:24786142

Macha, Swebby; Muyuni, Mutinta; Nkonde, Scholastica; Faúndes, Anibal

2014-07-01

299

A 3-Year Review of Cranial Nerve Palsies from the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Eye Clinic, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To provide the types, frequency and clinical information on common cranial nerve palsies seen at the Eye Clinic at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. Materials and Methods: A chart review was performed of patients who presented with cranial nerve palsy at the Eye Clinic over a 3-year period (January 2009-December 2011). Data were collected on age, sex, type of cranial nerve palsy, a history of systemic disease such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension and cerebrovascular disease. Exclusion criteria included medical charts with incomplete data. Data was analyzed using Epi-info Version 6.04D. Statistical significance was indicated by P < 0.05. Results: Twenty-four patients had cranial nerve palsies. There were 11 males and 13 females with a mean age of 34.50 ± 18.41 years. Four patients (26.6%) had exotropia while three patients (20%) had esotropia. Complete ophthalmoplegia was noted in two patients (13.3%). The 3rd and 6th cranial nerves were affected in seven patients each (29.2%) and five patients (20.8%) had 7th cranial nerve palsy. Approximately 38% of patients with cranial nerve palsies had systemic disorders (16.7% systemic hypertension; 12.5% DM). The relationship between cranial nerve palsy and systemic disorder was statistically significant (P < 0.01). Conclusion: This is the first study in the literature on ocular cranial nerve palsies in Southern Nigeria. Third and sixth cranial nerve palsies were the most common cases to present to the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Eye Clinic. There was a statistically significant association to systemic disorders such as hypertension and DM and majority of cases with 6th cranial nerve palsy.

Pedro-Egbe, Chinyere Nnenne; Fiebai, Bassey; Awoyesuku, Elizabeth Akon

2014-01-01

300

The Frequency and Pattern of Female Genital Tract Malignancies at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Female genital tract malignancy is common in our low resource setting. Options now exist for prevention, detection, treatment, and palliative care for the wide spectrum of female genital tract malignancies. Women will continue to die from these cancers unless health professionals and civil society adopt means to control female genital tract cancers in our low resource setting. Aim: The objective was to determine the frequency and patterns of female genital tract malignancy at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A 6-year retrospective study of female genital tract malignancies was conducted at the UNTH, Enugu. The case notes of patients admitted for female genital tract malignancy between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2008 were retrieved from the medical records and cancer registry of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu and relevant data were extracted. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 12 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and the results expressed in descriptive statistics by simple percentages. Results: One hundred and sixty six (166) cases of genital malignancies were recorded during the 6-year review. Majority of the patients were in the fifth and sixth decades of life. Cancer of the cervix accounted for 66.3% (110/166) followed by ovarian cancer 21.1% (35/166). The other tumors seen during the period were tumors involving corpus uteri 9% (15/166) and vulva 3.6% (6/166). Tumors of fallopian tube and vagina were not seen during the study period. Conclusion: Despite the preventable nature of cancer of cervix, it remained the most common female genital tract malignancy in Enugu, South-East Nigeria. In our low resource setting in the developing countries, education and public enlightenment on the importance of routine screening and treatment of premalignant lesions of the cervix are necessary tools to reduce the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer.

Okeke, TC; Onah, N; Ikeako, LC; Ezenyeaku, CCT

2013-01-01

301

Monitoring of adverse drug reactions associated with antihypertensive medicines at a university teaching hospital in New Delhi  

PubMed Central

Aim To monitor the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) caused by antihypertensive medicines prescribed in a university teaching hospital. Methods The present work was an open, non-comparative, observational study conducted on hypertensive patients attending the Medicine OPD of Majeedia Hospital, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India by conducting patient interviews and recording the data on ADR monitoring form as recommended by Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), Government of India. Results A total of 21 adverse drug reactions were observed in 192 hypertensive patients. Incidence of adverse drug reactions was found to be higher in patients more than 40?years in age, and females experienced more ADRs (n = 14, 7.29%) than males, 7 (3.64%). Combination therapy was associated with more number of adverse drug reactions (66.7%) as against monotherapy (33.3%). Calcium channel blockers were found to be the most frequently associated drugs with adverse drug reactions (n = 7), followed by diuretics (n = 5), and ?-blockers (n = 4). Among individual drugs, amlodipine was found to be the commonest drug associated with adverse drug reactions (n = 7), followed by torasemide (n = 3). Adverse drug reactions associated with central nervous system were found to be the most frequent (42.8%) followed by musculo-skeletal complaints (23.8%) and gastro-intestinal disorders (14.3%). Conclusions The present pharmacovigilance study represents the adverse drug reaction profile of the antihypertensive medicines prescribed in our university teaching hospital. The above findings would be useful for physicians in rational prescribing. Calcium channel blockers were found to be the most frequently associated drugs with adverse drug reactions.

2012-01-01

302

Experiences of Faculty of Color Teaching in a Predominantly White University: Fostering Interracial Relationships among Faculty of Color and White Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, I recount my experiences teaching elementary literacy methods courses and interacting with my racial Others--my White preservice teachers/students, senior faculty, and administrators at a predominantly White university in the rural Mountain West. Using an ethnographic approach (Emerson, Fretz, & Shaw, 1995), I analyzed students'…

Han, Keonghee Tao

2012-01-01

303

Sketches of Innovators in Education: A Collection of Articles on Teaching with Technology by Indiana State University Faculty and Staff. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains the following articles on teaching with technology by faculty and staff at Indiana State University: (1) "Confessions of a Low-Tech Social Scientist" (James Schellenberg); (2) "The New Learning Curve: Creating Online Courses" (Faye Bradshaw); (3) "Practicing What We Preach: The Transformation of a Faculty Development…

Indiana State Univ., Terre Haute.

304

Lessons learned: A case study of an integrated way of teaching introductory physics to at-risk students at Rutgers University  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to provide a physics instructional environment in which at-risk students (particularly women and minorities) can successfully learn and enjoy introductory physics, we have introduced Extended General Physics as an option for science, science teaching, and pre-health professions majors at Rutgers University. We have taught the course for the last five years. In this new course, we have used

E. Etkina; K. Gibbons; B. L. Holton; G. K. Horton

1999-01-01

305

Integrating Student-Centered Teaching Methods into the First Year SMET Curriculum: The University of Hartford Model for Institution-Wide Reform. Summative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Institution-Wide Reform project at the University of Hartford (Connecticut) was evaluated. The main focus of the project was the improvement of teaching and learning in the science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) disciplines for freshmen. Documentation from various sources indicated that the program accomplished its…

Curriculum Research and Evaluation, Chaplin, CT.

306

Using Systemic Functional Grammar as a Vehicle for the Integrated Teaching of Language and Literature in a First-year University English Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) is a grammar developed largely in Australia by Michael Halliday and others, and is not widely taught or utilised in South Africa. This article describes a first-year university course, English Language and Literature, which utilises SFG as a means of teaching aspects of functional and critical literacy in relation to literary and non-literary texts. Focusing on

Theresa Dovey

1998-01-01

307

Predicting Student Achievement in University-Level Business and Economics Classes: Peer Observation of Classroom Instruction and Student Ratings of Teaching Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine the validity of peer observation of classroom instruction for purposes of faculty evaluation. Using both a multi-section course sample and a sample of different courses across a university's School of Business and Economics we find that the results of annual classroom observations of faculty teaching are significantly and positively…

Galbraith, Craig S.; Merrill, Gregory B.

2012-01-01

308

The Effectiveness of Marshall University's Master of Arts in Teaching and Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certificate Programs as Determined by Graduates' and Completers' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined graduates' and completers' perceptions of the effectiveness of Marshall University's alternative certification programs, the Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) and Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certificate (PBTC), from 1999-2010. This non-experimental descriptive cross-sectional study used the "Spivy Survey of MAT and PBTC Program…

Spivy, Melissa F.

2010-01-01

309

Improving University Teaching. Volume I: Abstracts of Contributed Papers, Seminars, Workshops, Index of Presenters. International Conference (10th, College Park, Maryland, July 4-7, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workshop and seminar summaries and abstracts of papers from the tenth international conference on improving university teaching are presented. Topics addressed by theme and seminar presentations are as follows: the professor of the future; adapting postsecondary education to changes in demography, social expectations, and resources; partnerships…

Maryland Univ., College Park. Univ. Coll.

310

Owning the Journey: Using Collaborative Revisions of Little Red Riding Hood in Teaching Introduction to Literature at a Historically Black University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design and implementation of a collaborative course project, using Little Red Riding Hood (LRRH) to teach and discuss the concepts of orality, cultural legacy, archetypes, adaptation/appropriation, and social criticism in an Introduction to Literature course at Historically Black Alabama State University in Montgomery, Alabama. The student groups…

Scott, Pauline

2012-01-01

311

[Teaching Improvement].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of this Indiana University-Bloomington newsletter is campus teaching improvement. Anya Royce outlines efforts of the Dean of Faculties Office to help improve teaching overall and especially the training of graduate student instructors, called associate instructors (AIs). Training AIs in three departments is described: Cathy Pons for…

Campus Report, 1987

1987-01-01

312

University of Wisconsin-Madison: School of Pharmacy: Resources for Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin's School of Pharmacy has crafted a series of resources for those seeking a thorough education in the pharmaceutical arts. These materials are from the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, which is based at the University. The site includes Book Excerpts, Pharmacy in History, and Apothecary's Cabinet. In Book Excerpts, interested parties can read thoughtful documents such as Foundations of Ethical Pharmacy Practice and Historical Hobbies for the Pharmacist. The Apothecary's Cabinet section of the site features wonderful articles from the Institute's in-house publication from 2000 to 2006. The articles here include A Note on Historical Plague Prevention and Pharmacy over the Moon.

313

Presence and Promise: Religious Studies in the University. A Collection of Papers from two California State University's Institute for Teaching and Learning Religious Studies Seminars (California, April 1991, February 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 12 papers on the role and teaching of religious studies at the undergraduate level in public universities. The first set of six papers all address the nature of religious studies as a discipline. In particular they address the changing view of this discipline which for its short period of existence (30 to 35 years) has often…

Hatfield, John, Ed.; Hubbard, Benjamin, Ed.

314

Teaching Together: School/University Collaboration To Improve Social Studies Education. NCSS Bulletin 98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin, a collection of essays, provides preservice, beginning, and experienced social studies teachers with provocative ideas for and a realistic look at the challenges of developing curriculum through collaboration between elementary/secondary teachers and university professors. The book begins with an introductory essay by the editors.…

Christenson, Mary, Ed.; Johnston, Marilyn, Ed.; Norris, Jim, Ed.

315

Teaching Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics at Three Levels--Experience from the Technical University of Denmark (DTU)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to so-called "Bologna model," many technical universities in Europe have divided their educations into separate 3-year Bachelor and 2-year Master programs (followed by an optional Ph.D. study). Following the "Bologna model," DTU has recently transformed its 5-year engineering education into a 3-year Bachelor (B.Sc.) and a two-year Master…

Kontogeorgis, Georgios M.; Michelsen, Michael L.; Clement, Karsten H.

2009-01-01

316

Teaching and Learning Critical Reading with Transnational Texts at a Mexican University: An Emergentist Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation project examines the implementation of a critical reading intervention in a Mexican university, and the emergence of target critical reading processes in Mexican college-level EFL readers. It uses a Complexity Theory-inspired, qualitative methodology. Orienting the selection and design of materials is a deep view of culture that…

Perales Escudero, Moises Damian

2011-01-01

317

Teaching Computer Languages and Elementary Theory for Mixed Audiences at University Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theoretical issues of computer science are traditionally taught in a way that presupposes a solid mathematical background and are usually considered more or less inaccessible for students without this. An effective methodology is described which has been developed for a target group of university students with different backgrounds such as natural…

Christiansen, Henning

2004-01-01

318

University Professors' Stress and Perceived State of Health in Relation to Teaching Schedules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The aim of this research is to analyze the influence of time management, particularly in connection with university teachers' assigned class hours, on psychosocial factors relating to perceived health and stress symptoms. Special attention is given to the effect of very early and very late class hours. Method: The sample comprised…

Cladellas, Ramon; Castello, Antoni

2011-01-01

319

Students' Pre-Knowledge as a Guideline in the Teaching of Introductory Thermal Physics at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study concentrates on analysing university students' pre-knowledge of thermal physics. The students' understanding of the basic concepts and of the adiabatic compression of an ideal gas was studied at the start of an introductory level course. A total of 48 students participated in a paper-and-pencil test, and analysis of the responses…

Leinonen, Risto; Rasanen, Esa; Asikainen, Mervi; Hirvonen, Pekka E.

2009-01-01

320

Shaping University Teaching towards Measurement for Accountability: Problems of the Graduate Skills Assessment Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, in both Australia and Britain, universities have been under increasing pressure to make themselves accountable for the extent to which they cultivate in their students transferable skills and "attributes" that will prepare them for the rapidly-changing world of employment. The Government's "Striving for Quality" document…

Chanock, Kate; Clerehan, Rosemary; Moore, Tim; Prince, Anne

2004-01-01

321

Using Brain Research to Drive College Teaching: Innovations in Universal Course Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty members in higher education are challenged to meet the needs of an increasingly learning-diverse student body. Neuroscience research indicates that individual variations in brain function affect each learner's ability to process and express information. Using this research as a foundation, the theory and principles of universal course…

Schreiner, Mary B.; Rothenberger, Cynthia D.; Sholtz, A. Janae

2013-01-01

322

Rare Exceptions: Some University Professors and the Teaching of Native American History, 1900-1970  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1900 to 1970, only eight United States historians established courses on Native American history in history departments at the college and university level. This made them rare exceptions in an academic world that placed overwhelming emphasis on mainstream Euro-American history, with extremely limited attention to race and ethnicity. Except…

Crum, Steven

2006-01-01

323

Thinking Styles: Implications for Optimising Learning and Teaching in University Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured thinking styles of first-year South African university students using the Sternberg Mental Self-government Thinking Styles Inventory. Found that the preferred thinking styles were executive, legislative, hierarchic, internal, and conservative. Major and language were differentiating factors in thinking style preferences; gender was not.…

Cilliers, C. D.; Sternberg, R. J.

2001-01-01

324

"Venturing in Education": Teaching at the University of Chicago's Laboratory School, 1896-1904  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1896, John Dewey opened the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago. While much is known about this legendary school and its founder, the teachers whose daily work brought the school to life remain mostly anonymous. This essay attempts to remedy this historical invisibility by investigating four of the Laboratory School teachers--Anna…

Durst, Anne

2010-01-01

325

The Casual Approach to Teacher Education: What Effect Does Casualisation Have for Australian University Teaching?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities in many countries are struggling to adapt to the competing forces of globalisation, new managerialism, entrepreneurialism and new technologies and quality agenda demands. Diminishing resources caused by restricted funding and an aging and diminishing academic workforce pose barriers. One solution to staffing shortages is the…

Klopper, Christopher J.; Power, Bianca M.

2014-01-01

326

Teaching and Fostering Information Literacy Programmes: A Survey of Five University Libraries in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information Literacy (IL) is recognized around the world as an essential skill for the information society. The aim of the paper is to examine the various information literacy practices in university libraries in Africa, to identify the barriers facing IL programmes in Africa, and to provide suggestions on how best to improve IL practices. A…

Baro, Emmanuel E.; Keboh, Tarela

2012-01-01

327

Teaching and Learning about Universal Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law: Digital Resources and Global Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's education for civic engagement requires a global dimension. To live responsibly in their own communities, young people need to situate their personal and local interests in the context of their global interconnections. Bridging the personal, local, and global begins with an awareness of the universal aspirations for dignity and human…

Blanchard, Rosemary Ann

2013-01-01

328

Academic Faculty in University Research Centers: Neither Capitalism's Slaves nor Teaching Fugitives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses university-industry interactions for both educational and industrial outcomes. The results suggest that while academic faculty who are affiliated with centers are more involved with industry than non-affiliated faculty, affiliates are also more involved with and supportive of students at the undergraduate, graduate, and…

Bozeman, Barry; Boardman, Craig

2013-01-01

329

Alternatives for Optimization of Teaching-Learning Processes in Southeast Asian Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opening addresses, conference papers, and summaries of group discussions are contained in these proceedings. Papers include: challenges for higher education in southeast Asia (Makaminan Makagiansar); higher education in Asian countries today (Gwee Yee Hean); changing profiles of university students in southeast Asia (Nuanper Wichiarajote); a…

Muhammadi, Ed.

330

University ESL Teachers' Socialization in School Workplace toward Teaching Culturally Diverse Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Employing interpretive theory, this study investigated 331 university ESL teachers' socialization in language programs for international students. Looking beyond teacher preparatory education, in-service teachers' workplace experiences are essential to study because experience is instrumental in the shaping of belief systems (Wu and Shaffer,…

Huang, Hsiang-Ling

2011-01-01

331

Educational Administration in the University of Bristol School of Education. Teaching and Study: Current Developments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the work in educational administration at the University of Bristol, where the common element is to be found in the use of problem-centered approaches, with the social sciences occupying key service roles rather than the central roles. Selection of material, whether concerned with research topics or course curriculums, is influenced by a…

Pratt, Simon

1972-01-01

332

Learning and Teaching 24/7: Daily Internet Usage Patterns at Nine Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to look at the usage of the internet by students, academics and university administrators as part of their normal working day. It investigates whether access to computer facilities and the mode of study have any influence, or whether other factors need to be considered when providing services. Design/methodology/approach:…

Spennemann, Dirk H. R.

2007-01-01

333

How Fair are Student Ratings in Assessing the Teaching Performance of University Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the multivariate effects of various course characteristics on student ratings of faculty at a Hong Kong university. Data consisted of 4996 course average ratings from 25 departments over two academic years. Significant differences were found in student ratings across academic disciplines, class size groups, course levels, types of course,…

Kwan, Kam-Por

1999-01-01

334

Teaching Humanities in Medicine: The University of Massachusetts Family Medicine Residency Program Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Humanities in medicine (HIM) is an important aspect of medical education intended to help preserve humanism and a focus on patients. At the University of Massachusetts Family Medicine Residency Program, we have been expanding our HIM curriculum for our residents including orientation, home visit reflective writing, didactics and a department-wide…

Silk, Hugh; Shields, Sara

2012-01-01

335

The Evolution of Online Teaching and Learning in Engineering at Deakin University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes online learning in engineering at Deakin University in Australia, including: flexible engineering programs, computer-based learning, progression from individual efforts to formal centralized control, costs of information technology, experiences with grant-funded development projects, managing development of online material, student…

Palmer, Stuart; Tulloch, William

2001-01-01

336

A Catalyst for Teaching Critical Thinking in a Large University Class in Taiwan: Asynchronous Online Discussions with the Facilitation of Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the effects of teaching critical thinking skills (CTS) in a large class through asynchronous discussion forums (ADFs) with the facilitation of teaching assistants. A pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design with a comparison group was employed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The…

Yang, Ya-Ting C.

2008-01-01

337

Teaching Creative Writing to University Level Second Language Learners in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a subject offered at the university level, ‘Creative Writing’ does not elicit a very enthusiastic response from the Pakistani students, unlike their counterparts in Western schools. Primarily apprehensive because of weak language, the students feel pressurised at the very onset. This is owing to the 12-year school and college education that is characterised by rote-learning and a text-book centred

Asma Mansoor

2010-01-01

338

Teaching Psychology in Estonia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the experience of teaching psychology at Tartu University and Tallinn Pedagogical University in Estonia. Discusses the lessons learned by teaching in Estonia and applies those lessons to teaching psychology in the United States, focusing on the benefits teachers reap when they become more aware of themselves and their audiences. (CMK)

White, Lawrence T.; Ransdell, Sarah

2000-01-01

339

A catalyst for teaching critical thinking in a large university class in Taiwan: asynchronous online discussions with the facilitation of teaching assistants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate the effects of teaching critical thinking skills (CTS) in a large class through asynchronous\\u000a discussion forums (ADFs) with the facilitation of teaching assistants. A pretest and posttest quasi-experimental design with\\u000a a comparison group was employed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The independent variable was the structured\\u000a ADFs with two levels—without Socratic

Ya-Ting C. Yang

2008-01-01

340

Reptiles with dermatological lesions: a retrospective study of 301 cases at two university veterinary teaching hospitals (1992-2008).  

PubMed

This retrospective study reviews the medical records of 301 reptiles with dermatological lesions that were examined at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California at Davis (VMTH-UCD) and the Unité de Dermatologie-Parasitologie-Mycologie, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes (UDPM-ENVN) from 1 January 1992 to 1 July 2008. The most common reptile groups differed between the two hospitals, with lizards being the most common at the VMTH-UCD and chelonians at the UDPM-ENVN. At the VMTH-UCD, boa constrictors (Boa constrictor), ball pythons (Python regius) and other Python species were over-represented, and box turtles (Terrapene carolina) were under-represented in the dermatological lesion caseload. When institutional data were combined, 47% of all reptiles at both institutions with confirmed or suspected cases of sepsis had petechiae, with the highest association seen in chelonians at 82%. Dependent on institution and reptile group, from 29% to 64% of the cases had underlying husbandry issues. Sixty-two per cent of all cases were alive at final status. Veterinarians treating reptiles with skin disease should be aware of the following: (i) that boa constrictors and Python species may be predisposed to dermatological lesions; (ii) that client education is important for proper husbandry; and (iii) that there is a possible association between petechiae and sepsis, especially in chelonians. The conjectural association between certain skin lesions and sepsis remains to be confirmed by systematically derived data that demonstrate a causal relationship between the two. PMID:20887405

White, Stephen D; Bourdeau, Patrick; Bruet, Vincent; Kass, Philip H; Tell, Lisa; Hawkins, Michelle G

2011-04-01

341

Prevalence of Anaemia among Pregnant Women at Booking in the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background. Anaemia with an estimated prevalence of 35–75% among pregnant women is a major cause of maternal deaths in Nigeria. Objective. To determine the prevalence of anaemia, associated sociodemographic factors and red cell morphological pattern among pregnant women during booking at the University Teaching Hospital, Uyo. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional analytical study of 400 women at the booking clinic over a 16-week period. The packed cell volume and red cell morphology of each pregnant woman were determined. Their biodata, obstetric and medical histories, and results of other routine investigations were obtained with questionnaires and analyzed with SPSS Package version 17.0. Results. The mean packed cell volume was 31.8% ±3.2 and 54.5% of the women were anaemic. The commonest blood picture was microcytic hypochromia and normocytic hypochromia suggesting iron deficiency anaemia. Anaemia was significantly and independently related to a history of fever in the index pregnancy (OR = 0.4; P = 0.00; 95% CI = 0.3–0.7), HIV positive status (OR = 0.2; P = 0.01; 95% CI = 0.1–0.6), and low social class (OR = 0.3; P = 0.00; 95% CI = 0.2–0.7). Conclusion. Women need to be economically empowered and every pregnant woman should be encouraged to obtain antenatal care, where haematinics supplementation can be given and appropriate investigations and treatment of causes of fever and management of HIV can be instituted.

Olatunbosun, Olujimi A.; Abasiattai, Aniekan M.; Bassey, Emem A.; James, Robert S.; Morgan, Anyiekere

2014-01-01

342

Clinical Outcomes of Dialysis-Treated Acute Kidney Injury Patients at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background. Acute kidney injury in adults is a common cause of hospitalization, associated with high morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. In spite of RRT the in-hospital mortality rates remain high even in the developed countries. Though a proportion of our patients receive renal replacement therapy as part of their management, data on outcomes are sparse. Study Objective. To determine the clinical outcomes of dialysis-treated AKI in our hospital. Methods. A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of all adult AKI patients treated with haemodialysis at the University of Teaching Hospital during an interrupted six-year period was conducted. Analysis was done using SPSS version 17.0. Results. 34 males and 28 females with mean age of 41.3?±?18.5 years were studied. The leading causes of AKI were sepsis (22.7%), acute glomerulonephritis (20.5%), acute gastroenteritis (15.9%), and toxic nephropathies (11.4%) and presented with mean e-GFR of 14.7 ± 5.8?mls/min/1.73?m2. Of the 62 patients, 29 (46.8%) were discharged from the hospital, 27 (43.5%) died in hospital, while 6 (9.7%) absconded from treatment. Survivors had better Rifle grade than those who died (P < 0.001). Conclusion. Hospital mortality rate of dialysis-treated AKI patients is high and the severity of renal damage at presentation may be an important factor.

Emem-Chioma, Pedro Chimezie; Alasia, Datonye Dennis; Wokoma, Friday Samuel

2013-01-01

343

Hospital waste management status in Iran: a case study in the teaching hospitals of Iran University of Medical Sciences.  

PubMed

Hospital waste materials pose a wide variety of health and safety hazards for patients and healthcare workers. Many of hospitals in Iran have neither a satisfactory waste disposal system nor a waste management and disposal policy. The main objective of this research was to investigate the solid waste management in the eight teaching hospitals of Iran University of Medical Sciences. In this cross-sectional study, the main stages of hospital waste management including generation, separation, collection, storage, and disposal of waste materials were assessed in these hospitals, located in Tehran city. The measurement was conducted through a questionnaire and direct observation by researchers. The data obtained was converted to a quantitative measure to evaluate the different management components. The results showed that the waste generation rate was 2.5 to 3.01 kg bed(-1) day(-1), which included 85 to 90% of domestic waste and 10 to 15% of infectious waste. The lack of separation between hazardous and non-hazardous waste, an absence of the necessary rules and regulations applying to the collection of waste from hospital wards and on-site transport to a temporary storage location, a lack of proper waste treatment, and disposal of hospital waste along with municipal garbage, were the main findings. In order to improve the existing conditions, some extensive research to assess the present situation in the hospitals of Iran, the compilation of rules and establishment of standards and effective training for the personnel are actions that are recommended. PMID:19487312

Farzadkia, Mahdi; Moradi, Arash; Mohammadi, Mojtaba Shah; Jorfi, Sahand

2009-06-01

344

Prevalence of vanC vancomycin-resistant enterococci in the teaching hospitals of the University of Debrecen, Hungary.  

PubMed

Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are common nosocomial pathogens; however, until now they have been rarely encountered in Hungary. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of VRE in the teaching hospitals of the University of Debrecen. Of 7,271 Enterococcus-containing clinical samples collected between 2004 and 2009, we identified 16 VRE. Species-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to detect Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus casseliflavus, and Enterococcus gallinarum. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction was performed to identify the vancomycin resistance genes: vanA, vanB, vanC1/C2, vanD, vanE, and vanG. Restriction digestion with SalI and HindIII was introduced to differentiate the vanC1 and vanC2 genes from each other. Genetic relationships between the strains were investigated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Overall, we identified the vanC1 resistance gene in 14 E. gallinarum and the vanC2 resistance gene in two E. casseliflavus strains. Except for two samples, the isolates had different pulsed-field gel electrophoresis types, suggesting sporadic emergence of the resistant bacteria. In addition, antibiotic resistance profile was determined by E-test. Three E. gallinarum strains proved to be resistant to gentamicin because of the presence of the aacA-aphD gene. Although the prevalence of VRE in Debrecen is rather low, the appearance of multiple resistances is of concern. PMID:21649462

Dombrádi, Zsuzsanna; Dobay, Orsolya; Nagy, Károly; Kozák, Anita; Dombrádi, Viktor; Szabó, Judit

2012-02-01

345

A new approach to teaching veterinary public health at the Ohio State University.  

PubMed

Public-health practitioners with expertise in the area of veterinary public health are expected to understand the prevention and control of zoonotic infectious diseases in both human and animal populations. This focus on multiple species is what makes the veterinary public health (VPH) official unique. The development of a new VPH specialization within the existing Master of Public Health (MPH) degree program at the Ohio State University represents a significant new collaboration between the College of Veterinary Medicine and the College of Public Health. The main objective of the VPH specialization is to educate and train professionals to provide them with the skills, knowledge, and resources necessary to protect and improve human health using a One Medicine approach. The program targets a population of students who will likely enter the professional veterinary medicine curriculum but have one year available to enhance their preparatory training in health sciences before beginning the program. A core series of VPH courses was initiated to complement the existing MPH course requirements. The program has been successful in attracting students from the primary target population, but it has also attracted students wanting the MPH as a terminal degree and veterinarians returning to school to expand their career options. PMID:18723796

Hoet, Armando E; Caswell, Robert J; DeGraves, Fred J; Rajala-Schultz, Paivi J; Gebreyes, Wondwossen A; Saville, William J A; Wittum, Thomas E

2008-01-01

346

Teaching and Research Nexuses across Faculty Career Stage, Ability and Affiliated Discipline in a South Korean Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between teaching and research is a controversial issue in higher education research. Many empirical studies have reported a near zero relationship although academics believe that teaching and research are related in diverse ways. This study focused on how the relationship differs by faculty characteristics (career stage and their…

Shin, Jung Cheol

2011-01-01

347

Research of computer assisted method in signals&systems teaching — Case of Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues some current computer assisted method used in the course of Signals and Systems,and analysises their advantages and weaknesses.Combined with practical teaching system's requirements ,and for the purpose of deepen the links between theory and practice, the teaching of Pspice will be introduced to the course. And tries to develop online examination system to stimulate students' learning initiative.

Yong Zhu; HuiMei Yang; JiLi Tao

2011-01-01

348

Faculty Research Productivity and Standardized Student Learning Outcomes in a University Teaching Environment: A Bayesian Analysis of Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether faculty research productivity is associated with student learning. Unlike previous studies that define learning by student evaluations of teaching effectiveness, the authors specifically measure teaching effectiveness by a standardized student learning outcome measure developed by a School of Business at a US…

Galbraith, Craig S.; Merrill, Gregory B.

2012-01-01

349

Social Constructivist Teaching Methods in Australian Universities-- Reported Uptake and Perceived Learning Effects: A Survey of Lecturers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pragmatic social constructivist teaching methods require students to construct knowledge by engaging collaboratively with realistic problems, cases or projects. It is hypothesized that they are more effective than traditional didactic teaching methods in developing undergraduate students': (1) theoretical knowledge; (2) profession-specific skills;…

Hanson, James M.; Sinclair, Kenneth E.

2008-01-01

350

Recurrent Education and the Teaching Role. A Collection of Papers Prepared for the ERDC Seminar on Recurrent Education and the Teaching Role (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, November 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In these papers the authors consider the changing societal context for education, examine concepts and research on existing recurrent education practice, and document constraints on and future prospects of inservice education for teachers. The introduction provides an overview of the teaching role in the paper, "Recurrent Education for Teachers,…

Hewitson, Mal, Ed.

351

Increasing Trends of Diabetes Mellitus and Body Weight: A Ten Year Observation at Gondar University Teaching Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Diabetes mellitus is becoming one of the major causes of premature adult mortality in developing countries. However, there is a very little documentation of the morbidity trend in such countries. Objective To assess the ten-year trend of diabetes mellitus at Gondar University Teaching Referral Hospital, northwest Ethiopia. Methods A hospital-based retrospective record review was done at the main referral hospital in northwest Ethiopia. Data were obtained from medical records of all registered diabetic patients in the Diabetic Follow up Clinic between 2000 and 2009. An Extended Mantel-Haenzel chi-square test for the linear trend was used to examine the trend over time. Result Out of the total 354,524 patients who visited the Outpatient Department of the hospital during the study period, 1553 (4.4/1000) were diabetes patients, of which 50.1% was type 1 and 49.9% type 2 diabetes mellitus. The average increase in the proportion of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus cases between 2000 and 2009 was 125%. The mean (±SD) age for Type 1 diabetes mellitus was 29.1 (±12), and 53.5 (±12) for Type 2 diabetes. Overall 42.5% of the diabetes mellitus patients were female and 31.7% were rural residents. The mean body mass index for both type of diabetes mellitus increased from 15.9 to 18.3 kg for type 1 and from 23.8 to 24.6 for type 2 between 2000 and 2009, respectively. Conclusion The number of diabetes mellitus cases seen at Gondar Referral Hospital is rising steadily. A comprehensive diabetes prevention, treatment, and care program is needed to improve the quality of life of the increasing diabetes mellitus cases in Ethiopia.

Abebe, Solomon Mekonnen; Berhane, Yemane; Worku, Alemayehu; Alemu, Shitay

2013-01-01

352

Incidence and risk factors for retinal vein occlusion at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.  

PubMed

Objective: The objective of the following study is to determine the incidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and identify the risk factors in RVO in patients presenting to a tertiary hospital in Rivers State. Materials and Methods: The medical records of consecutive patients with RVO who presented to the retina clinic of the eye Department of University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital over a 5 year period were retrieved. Information extracted from the data included the demographic data of patients, presenting visual acuity, history of systemic and ocular disease, blood pressure and intraocular pressure. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 20.0. (IBM Corporation and its licensors 1989,2011). Results: Out of the 364 patients seen at the retina clinic during this period, 27 (7.4%) had RVO. Seven patients had bilateral disease. The incidence of RVO in the retinal clinic was 7.4%. Systemic hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and glaucoma were the main risk factors recorded in our patients. Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) 20 (74%) was more predominant than branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) 7 (26%). 21 eyes of patients with CRVO had visual acuities of < 3/60, while 7 eyes of patients with BRVO had visual acuities less than 3/60. Vitreous hemorrhage 10 (52.6%) was the most common complication encountered. All cases of non-perfused vein occlusion 4 (14.8%) were seen in patients who had CRVO. Conclusion: The incidence of RVO in our hospital is high. RVO is a significant cause of visual impairment, with CRVO being more common. Identifying associated risk factors and treating these could help reduce the incidence of RVO. PMID:24909470

Fiebai, B; Ejimadu, C S; Komolafe, R D

2014-01-01

353

News Competition: School team launches a rocket Conference: Norway focuses on physics teaching Science on Stage: Canadian science acts take to the stage Particle Physics: Teachers get a surprise at CERN Teaching: Exploring how students learn physics University: Oxford opens doors to science teachers Lasers: Lasers shine light on meeting Science Fair: Malawi promotes science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Competition: School team launches a rocket Conference: Norway focuses on physics teaching Science on Stage: Canadian science acts take to the stage Particle Physics: Teachers get a surprise at CERN Teaching: Exploring how students learn physics University: Oxford opens doors to science teachers Lasers: Lasers shine light on meeting Science Fair: Malawi promotes science education

2010-11-01

354

Designing and evaluation of the teaching quality assessment form from the point of view of the Lorestan University of Medical Sciences students - 2010  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Education is basically one of the Universities’ and faculties’ leading missions and duties; its promoted quality will also lead to an elevated educational quality in the University. Teacher assessment can be mentioned as essential for the success of the quality promotion process. This article deals with the designing and evaluation of a teaching quality evaluation form for teachers, from the Lorestan University of Medical Science students’ point of view. Methods: A two-stage, cross-sectional study was conducted on 290 Lorestan University of Medical Science students. First, evaluation priorities were extracted using the Delphi technique in the fifth section, including teaching skills, communication skills, principles of training, and skills assessment. In the second stage, as the priority and importance of each item was evaluated in the fourth Lickert option, sampling was done in few stages. The study instrument was a questionnaire, which included six areas. The first part of the questionnaire was made up of the demographic characteristics and the second part included five evaluation areas that were obtained from the student. The collected data were analyzed using statistical software SPSS-16 and chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: In the areas of teaching skills, mastery of the course, individual characteristics, self-confidence, communication skills, intimate relationship with students, educational principles, rules respecting the beginning and end time of class, skill assessment, and an accurate comprehensive examination at the end of the semester by the students, were chosen as the most important factors. There were significant differences in the majority of expressed comments between the genders and academic status (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Students can properly diagnose the essential factors in teachers’ evaluation, but in item prioritizing they may be partly affected by some factors such as gender, academic status, semester, and academic course.

Kamran, Aziz; Zibaei, Mohammed; Mirkaimi, Kamal; Shahnazi, Hussein

2012-01-01

355

[The rearrangement of the medical faculty and the teaching of the medicine in the era of the reforms. The plan of the medical studies in the "restored" university of Cagliari and Sassari (1764-1766)].  

PubMed

In the same decade during which Vienna government was proceeding to the rearrangement of the Medical Faculty of the University of Pavia, Savoy government started the reform of Cagliari and Sassari Universities. The programme of medical studies to be introduced in the "restored" Universities aroused an important debate which involved the government of Turin, the local authorities and the Magistrature. The main points concerned the teachings to be started, the programmes and the texts to be adopted, the methods and contents of teaching. The range of ideas aiming to conform island medical Faculties to the progress of science, gave life to the critique of a teaching model, still ruled by the Galenic authority and by metaphysical etiological explanations, which ignored the physiological and pathological reality revealed by the anatomical study methodically on performed corpses. The new programme of studies admitted the teaching of surgery, which had completely disappeared in the university ruled by Jesuites, and increased the value of anatomy teaching, that will be chosen as a subject for the speech made during the solemn opening of the medical Faculty of Sassari in 1765. The need for an empirical testing which had to follow theorical studies in wards, where teachers had to give lessons at patients' bedside, was considered of such importance that it was codified in the Regulations of the reformed University. It was the very first step towards the welding between medical-surgical studies and nosocomial practice which was about to revolutionize the teaching framework of medical studies. PMID:16240534

Tognotti, Eugenia

2004-01-01

356

Pattern of Medical Admissions at Enugu State University of Science and Technology Teaching Hospital: A 5 Year Review  

PubMed Central

Background: Rapid urbanization and changing lifestyle have modified the profile and pattern of various medical disorders in many Nigerian communities. Surveys of medical admissions into various Nigerian health institutions show an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases in our communities. Aim: To determine the profile and pattern of medical cases admitted and their outcome in a new tertiary medical institution in South East Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A review of medical admissions into the Enugu State University of Science and Technology Teaching Hospital (ESUTTH), Enugu, Nigeria over 5 years between January 1, 2006 and December 30, 2010 was undertaken. Morbidity and mortality data were obtained from ward registers and subsequently medical record registers. Classifications of medical disorders were grouped using ICD 10 coding system. Results: A total of 3,865 case records were analyzed. Males were 2,312/3,865 (59.6%) and females 1,660/3,865 (40.2%). The age range was 14-105 years with a mean age of 54.3 (18.1) years. The 4 commonest causes of medical ward admissions were neurological disorders-850/3,865 (22%), endocrine disorders-735/3,865 (19.1%), cardiovascular disorders-718/3,865 (18.5%) and infectious diseases-604/3,865 (15.6%). The diseases encountered most were diabetes mellitus-735/3,865 (19.1%), hypertension/congestive cardiac failure-703/3,865 (18.2%), strokes-614/3,865 (15.9%) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS-503 (13.1%). The overall mortality was 766/3,865 (19.8%) men-467/2,312 (20.2%); women-299/2,312 (19.3%). Strokes accounted for most of the deaths-171/766 (22.3%) followed by HIV/AIDS 127/766 (16.6%). Hypertension/cardiac failure and diabetes each accounted for 116/766 (15.1%) of all deaths. Case fatality rates for strokes and HIV/AIDS were the highest (171/614 (27.9%) and 127/503 (25.2%) respectively). Mortality rate was highest in the above 70 years age group. Conclusion: Non-communicable disorders are the commonest causes of medical ward admission in this tertiary institution. Efforts aimed at primary prevention will help to reduce the burden of these disorders in the community.

Ezeala-Adikaibe, BA; Aneke, E; Orjioke, C; Ezeala-Adikaibe, NP; Mbadiwe, N; Chime, P; Okafor, U

2014-01-01

357

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency among children attending the Emergency Paediatric Unit of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is one of the most common human enzyme deficiencies in the world. It is particularly common in populations living in malaria-endemic areas, affecting more than 400 million people worldwide. This present study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of G6PD deficiency among children visiting the Emergency Paediatric Unit of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital for pediatric-related care. The study included 118 children, made up of 77 (65.3%) males and 41 (34.7%) females aged ?5 years with mean age of 3.26 ± 1.90 years. Randox G6PD quantitative in vitro test screening was used for the diagnosis of G6PD deficiency. Of the 118 children tested, 17 (14.4%) were G6PD-deficient. Prevalence of G6PD deficiency was concentrated predominantly among male children (22.1%). Male sex was significantly correlated with G6PD deficiency among the children studied (r = 7.85, P = 0.01). The highest prevalence occurred among children in the 2- to 5-year age-group. Of the 17 G6PD-deficient children, twelve (70.2%) were moderately deficient, while five (29.4%) were severely deficient. Blood film from G6PD-deficient children indicated the following morphological changes; Heinz bodies, schistocytes, target cells, nucleated red cells, spherocytes, and polychromasia. This present study has shown a high prevalence of G6PD deficiency among children residing in Sokoto in the northwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The study indicated a male sex bias in the prevalence of G6PD deficiency among the children studied. There is a need for the routine screening of children for G6PD deficiency in our environment, to allow for evidence-based management of these children and to ensure the avoidance of food, drugs, and infective agents that can potentially predispose these children to oxidative stress as well as diseases that deplete micronutrients that protect against oxidative stress. There is need to build capacity in our setting among pediatricians to ensure the effective management of children with G6PD deficiency.

Isaac, IZ; Mainasara, AS; Erhabor, Osaro; Omojuyigbe, ST; Dallatu, MK; Bilbis, LS; Adias, TC

2013-01-01

358

Teaching History Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 14 articles included in this collection touch on several aspects of the teaching of history. The articles are: (1) "Observations on University Teaching and Research" (N. Graebner); (2) "Teaching History: A Changing Clientele and an Affirmation of Goals" (E. Burns); (3) "History for Citizens" (W. McNeill); (4) "Reflections on the History of…

Bausum, Henry S., Ed.

359

Use of Networked Information Sources and Services by Information and Library Science Faculty in Teaching: A Case Study Performed at the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore and investigate the ways faculty at The School of Information and Library Science, ranked # 1 in 2004, at the University of North Carolina, obtain information to support their teaching tasks. Information and Library Science faculty at the University of North Carolina were chosen as the population for this…

Refaat, Hossam Eldin Mohamed

2005-01-01

360

On Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of lectures includes the following contributions from faculty at the University of Colorado at Boulder: (1) "Aloof Professors and Shy Students" (Patricia Nelson Limerick); (2) "Teaching the Thundering Herd: Surviving in a Large Classroom" (Charles R. Middleton); (3) "The Scientist as a Story Teller" (R. Igor Gamow); (4) "Active…

Shea, Mary Ann, Ed.

361

Gladly Learn and Gladly Teach. Franklin and His Heirs at the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on the history of the University of Pennsylvania are presented in this book. They are grouped according to four main periods since the university's founding. After an introduction to the community of which the university has always been a part, focus is on the eighteenth century collegiate departments. In the nineteenth century, while the…

Meyerson, Martin; Winegrad, Dilys Pegler

362

Teaching, Technology, and the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research findings on college instruction and technology and the future are discussed in 15 papers from the first Regional Conference on University Teaching at New Mexico State University. Titles and authors are as follows: "Technology, Teaching, and the Future" (William F. May); "Bauhaus Experience: A Team Method of Teaching Technology" (Euguene…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces.

363

Teaching the cloud - experiences in designing and teaching an undergraduate-level course in cloud computing at the Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing is a disruptive technology, one that embodies a major conceptual shift and is rapidly changing the way users, developers, and organizations work with computing infrastructure. Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar offered a one-semester undergraduate course to introduce students to cloud computing. In this paper we describe our approach and experiences in designing the course. We describe course elements

M. Suhail Rehman; Majd F. Sakr

2011-01-01

364

Teaching medical education principles and methods to faculty using an active learning approach: the University of Michigan Medical Education Scholars Program.  

PubMed

The Medical Education Scholars Program (MESP) at the University of Michigan Medical School was established in 1998 to develop educational leadership, improve teaching skills, and promote educational scholarship among medical school faculty. The Department of Medical Education designed and implemented the program. Eighty-one scholars have completed the MESP, with 15 more currently enrolled. While most scholars have been clinical faculty, some have been basic science faculty or from other allied health fields. The selection process emphasizes potential for contributing to the educational mission of the medical school. Each cohort is limited to two participants per department. The curriculum of the MESP is designed to provide an overview of a wide range of topics in education. It is divided into five broad domains: principles and theories of education, teaching methods, educational research methods, assessment and evaluation, and educational leadership. During the sessions, active learning of content is expected and encouraged. For instance, scholars share responsibility with the session presenters for planning and evaluating individual program sessions. To graduate, scholars are expected to attend the sessions regularly, and to make a final presentation of their project, which demonstrates near-completion or substantial progress toward that goal. Over its eight years, the MESP has evolved in response to environmental changes and ongoing evaluation of the program. Overall, the Medical Education Scholars Program has proven effective in developing faculty skills and educational leadership locally at the University of Michigan Medical School and nationally. PMID:17065859

Frohna, Alice Z; Hamstra, Stanley J; Mullan, Patricia B; Gruppen, Larry D

2006-11-01

365

Use of social web technologies by international and domestic undergraduate students: implications for internationalising learning and teaching in Australian universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much research into the use of online information and communication technologies for the internationalisation of learning and teaching has focused on established web technologies. This paper considers the possible internationalisation implications of existing uses of social software, also known as Web 2.0 technologies, which are now widely available inside and outside of formal education settings. The paper reports on two

Kathleen Gray; Shanton Chang; Gregor Kennedy

2010-01-01

366

Using WebQuest as a Universal Design for Learning Tool to Enhance Teaching and Learning in Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by Dodge (1995), WebQuest is an inquiry-based teaching tool, in which students of all ages and levels participate in an authentic task that use pre-designed, pre-defined internet resources, though other print resources can also be used. Learners will put the focus on gathering, summarizing, synthesizing, and evaluating the information…

Yang, Chien-Hui; Tzuo, Pei Wen; Komara, Cecile

2011-01-01

367

Using Media as the Basis for a Social Issues Approach to Promoting Moral Literacy in University Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the use of media as the basis for a social issues approach to promoting moral literacy and effective teaching in educational leadership programs. Design/methodology/approach: Through a review of relevant literature, mass media sources, and observations, the authors use Starratt's framework of…

Normore, Anthony H.; Doscher, Stephanie Paul

2007-01-01

368

Junior Faculty of Color in the Corporate University: Implications of Neoliberalism and Neoconservatism on Research, Teaching and Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In higher education today, an overwhelming acceptance of neoliberal and neoconservative ideologies that advance corporate logics of efficiency, competition and profit maximization is commonplace. Market-driven logics and neoconservative ideals shape decision-making about what is taught, how material is taught, who teaches, who does research, who…

Osei-Kofi, Nana

2012-01-01

369

Librarians as Partners of the Faculty in Teaching Scholarly Inquiry in Nursing to Undergraduates at Brigham Young University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes collaboration between the nursing librarian and faculty members teaching scholarly inquiry in nursing (nursing research), a course for baccalaureate nursing students. Workshops presented by the librarian enhanced nursing students' information literacy skills, particularly related to accessing evidence-based sources. Student perceptions of the library integration with scholarly inquiry in nursing are presented and suggest that librarians empower them

Betsy Hopkins; Lynn Clark Callister; Barbara Mandleco; Jane Lassetter; Meagan Astill

2011-01-01

370

Acquisition of Lecturing Skills by University Teaching Assistants: Some Effects of Interest, Topic Relevance, and Viewing a Model Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design and evaluation of a model videotape used in an instructional improvement program for teaching assistants was studied. Results indicated modeling produced a significant effect on the acquisition of behaviors. Observers need not perceive the topic as interesting or relevant for a videotape to be effective. (Author/DWH)

Sharp, Gregory

1981-01-01

371

Reported Usage and Perceived Value of Various Teaching Strategies by Community College and University Faculty in Arkansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to investigate the teaching methods valued and used by faculty in Arkansas public higher education institutions at the freshman and sophomore levels. The participants were 336 teachers who responded to a 21 item survey distributed to college teachers in Arkansas. The study sought to collect relevant demographic data and to…

Coleman, Janice

2008-01-01

372

From Policy to Practice: One University's Experience of Implementing Strategic Change through Wholly Online Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One institution's attempts to implement an ambitious wholly online learning policy is examined in the Australian higher education setting. The conditions that led to a diversity of models of wholly online unit development are considered, along with teachers' design intents in establishing their online teaching and learning environments. The…

Holt, Dale; Challis, Di

2007-01-01

373

Use of Social Web Technologies by International and Domestic Undergraduate Students: Implications for Internationalising Learning and Teaching in Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research into the use of online information and communication technologies for the internationalisation of learning and teaching has focused on established web technologies. This paper considers the possible internationalisation implications of existing uses of social software, also known as Web 2.0 technologies, which are now widely…

Gray, Kathleen; Chang, Shanton; Kennedy, Gregor

2010-01-01

374

A Reflective Self-Inquiry into My Teaching Practices with Non-English-Major Technological University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action research allows teachers to evaluate and gain insight into their own practices in their teaching contexts through reflection, and inquire into ways to improve their practices and student learning outcomes. This study is a reflective self-inquiry in which the research team engages in a deliberate and retrospective analysis of the principal…

Chien, Chiu-Kuei Chang; Yu, Kuo-Jen; Lin, Lung-Chi

2013-01-01

375

Teaching & Learning Themes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Nottingham, in the United Kingdom, has an innovative online program called Teaching at Nottingham that "offers both a window onto the University's teaching culture and a space for the critical evaluation of teaching practice". The tab "Teaching & Learning Themes" is definitely worth a visitor's time. The link "Student Perspectives On...Teaching, Learning and Assessment" are particularly interesting, as in each category has synopses of studies that were done with the aim of quantifying the students' perspectives in classes at Nottingham. Visitors can read about one such study in the Learning category titled "The good, the bad and the ugly: [pharmacy] students' experiences of group projects", which found that most students believed that group projects were good learning experiences for working as a team in their future careers, but preferred solo or two-person projects. The "Focus On..." link offers, among other categories, "Visual Learning", "Peer Teaching" and "Academic Tutoring" which focus on research about teaching.

376

Assessing Your Student Teaching Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a comprehensive instrument used in the student teaching program at Florida State University to provide student teachers with the opportunity to evaluate all areas of their student teaching experience. (Author/RK)

Funk, Fanchon F.; And Others

1977-01-01

377

Professional Development for Teaching in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the changing nature of learning and teaching in universities, there is a growing need for professional development for lecturers and tutors teaching in disciplines in the mathematical sciences. Mathematics teaching staff receive some training in learning and teaching but many of the courses running at university level are not tailored to…

Wood, Leigh N.; Vu, Tori; Bower, Matt; Brown, Natalie; Skalicky, Jane; Donovan, Diane; Loch, Birgit; Joshi, Nalini; Bloom, Walter

2011-01-01

378

A Cost Analysis of an Introduction to Clinical Medicine Course in a Non-University Teaching Hospital.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of direct costs to teach a 10-week Introduction to Clinical Medicine course to 26 students in the spring of 1995 found that attending physicians worked a total of 736.5 hours, for a cost of $37,303; residents worked 314 hours, at a cost of $4,396; and miscellaneous costs totaled $2,019. The per-student cost was $1,681. (Author/MSE)

Tai, Lee W.; Tulley, John E.

1997-01-01

379

The first year university experience: using personal epistemology to understand effective learning and teaching in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal epistemological beliefs, or beliefs about knowing, provide a way in which to understand learning in a range of educational\\u000a contexts because they are considered to act as filters for all other knowledge and beliefs. In particular, they provide a\\u000a useful framework for investigating learning and teaching for first year students in tertiary education, who are typically\\u000a considered to hold

Jo Brownlee; Sue Walker; Sandra Lennox; Beryl Exley; Sharyn Pearce

2009-01-01

380

Integration of Live Video and WWW Delivery Systems To Teach University Level Science, Technology, and Society in High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1997, the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater (UWW) provided Science and Technology in Society, a university general studies science literacy course, to advanced placement high school students at three local high schools, using a combination of live video presentations and World Wide Web (WWW) courseware. A total of 26 high school students…

Urven, Lance E.; Yin, L. Roger; Bak, John D.

381

Teaching and Technology Transfer as Alternative Revenue Streams: A Primer on the Potential Legal Implications for UK Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess the financial and intellectual issues facing the university sector as many institutions in the UK pursue alternative revenue streams. As a consequence to the increasing financial pressures, university departments are increasingly exposed to new forms of potential litigation and also face the risk to…

Van Hoorebeek, Mark; Marson, James

2005-01-01

382

Inquiry-Based Undergraduate Teaching in the Life Sciences at Large Research Universities: A Perspective on the Boyer Commission Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1998 Boyer Commission Report advocated improvement of undergraduate education at large research universities through large-scale participation of undergraduates in the universities' research mission. At a recent conference sponsored by the Reinvention Center, which is dedicated to furthering the goals of the Boyer Commission, participants discussed progress toward these goals and recommendations for future action. A breakout group representing the

William B. Wood

2003-01-01

383

Real-Time Learning, Real-World Teaching: University Teams with School District to Improve Curriculum and Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Illinois district brings a local university into the district to craft advanced learning embedded in the needs of specific schools. Community High School District 155 in Crystal Lake, Ill., and Northern Illinois University (NIU) College of Education engaged in a partnership that has provided significant benefits, posed limited challenges, and…

Koch, Steven; Borg, Terry

2011-01-01

384

Does salary affect the choice of residency in non-university teaching hospitals? A panel analysis of Japan Residency Matching Programme data  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies have investigated factors that are influential on the choice of training hospitals among residency physicians, but the effect of salary was not conclusive. In this study, we aimed to examine whether a higher salary attracted more residents to non-university hospitals participating in the Japanese Residency Matching Programme. Methods Data on 475 hospitals/programmes between 2006 and 2009 were available for analysis. We first conducted an ordinary least squares regression analysis on the ratio of the number of applicants to the residency programme quota as an index of resident’s choice, for comparison with previous studies. We further performed panel data analysis to better control for unobserved heterogeneity across hospitals, which could be confounded by the amount of salary. We also performed stratified analysis by the population size of the hospital location. Results In ordinary least squares regression, salary showed a positive, but not significant association, with the ratio of the number of applicants to the programme quota, while the results of a fixed effect model exhibited a positive and significant effect of salary (?= 0.4995, P = 0.015) on the ratio. Analysis stratified by city size showed that the elasticity of salary was comparable (?= 1.9089, P = 0.016 in large cities versus ?= 1.9185, P = 0.008 in small cities), while that of the number of teaching physicians was larger in large cities (?= 1.9857, P = 0.009) compared with that in small cities (?= 1.6253, P = 0.033). The number of teaching physicians had a significant and negative effect modification on salary, implying an antagonistic effect between these two attributes (?= ?1.5223, P = 0.038). Conclusions Our results indicate that the amount of salary influences the choice of training hospitals among medical graduates who choose non-university settings. Use of a monetary reward in a residency programme could be a feasible tactic for hospitals to attract residents.

2013-01-01

385

International Conference on Teaching-Learning Process in Universities. A Fresh Look into the Teaching-Learning Process and Use of Educational Technology in Universities with Special Reference to ASEAN Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proceedings of the conference include background information, transcripts of opening and closing sessions, papers presented, a conference program, summary of discussions, findings and recommendations, and lists of committees and participants. The papers are divided into four sections: (1) goals and objectives of university education in…

University of Science, Penang (Malaysia).

386

The Chinese Television University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of China's Beijing Broadcasting and Television University: background, establishment, administration and structure, students, courses, teaching package, and course production. (JD)

McCormick, R.

1980-01-01

387

A Review of the Role of National Policy and Institutional Mission in European Distance Teaching Universities with Respect to Widening Participation in Higher Education Study through Open Educational Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The open educational resources (OER) movement is relatively new with few higher education institutions (HEIs) publishing or using them, and even fewer using them to widen engagement or participation in HE study. Although distance teaching universities have been in the vanguard of widening opportunities for HE study, they vary in how far they are…

Lane, Andy

2012-01-01

388

"It's Not Their Job to Share Content": A Case Study of the Role of Senior Students in Adapting Teaching Materials as Open Educational Resources at the University of Cape Town  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's landmark decision to make its teaching and learning materials freely available to the public as OpenCourseWare (OCW), many other higher education institutions have followed suit sharing resources now more generally referred to as Open Educational Resources (OER). The University of Cape…

Hodgkinson-Williams, Cheryl; Paskevicius, Michael

2013-01-01

389

Resource utilization and outcome at a university versus a community teaching hospital in tPA treated stroke patients: a retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Comparing patterns of resource utilization between hospitals is often complicated by biases in community and patient populations. Stroke patients treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) provide a particularly homogenous population for comparison because of strict eligibility criteria for treatment. We tested whether resource utilization would be similar in this homogenous population between two hospitals located in a single Midwestern US community by comparing use of diagnostic testing and associated outcomes following treatment with t-PA. Methods Medical records from 206 consecutive intravenous t-PA-treated stroke patients from two teaching hospitals (one university, one community-based) were reviewed. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics and outcome were analyzed, as were the frequency of use of CT, MRI, MRA, echocardiography, angiography, and EEG. Results Seventy-nine and 127 stroke patients received t-PA at the university and community hospitals, respectively. The two patient populations were demographically similar. There were no differences in stroke severity. All outcomes were similar at both hospitals. Utilization of CT scans, and non-invasive carotid and cardiac imaging studies were similar at both hospitals; however, brain MR, TEE, and catheter angiography were used more frequently at the university hospital. EEG was obtained more often at the community hospital. Conclusions Utilization of advanced brain imaging and invasive diagnostic testing was greater at the university hospital, but was not associated with improved clinical outcomes. This could not be explained on the basis of stroke severity or patient characteristics. This variation of practice suggests substantial opportunities exist to reduce costs and improve efficiency of diagnostic resource use as well as reduce patient exposure to risk from diagnostic procedures.

2010-01-01

390

An Example of the Use of Microfiche as an Aid to the Teaching of First-Year University Engineering Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on introduction of microfiches to replace conventional pre-prepared paper handouts for solutions to exercises in a first-year engineering mathematics course at Nottingham University, England. Disadvantages of using pre-prepared paper handouts, details of material layout on microfiches, material arrangement on microfiche frames, and general…

Faulkner, T. R.

1986-01-01

391

An Evaluation of the Conservative Dual-Criterion Method for Teaching University Students to Visually Inspect AB-Design Graphs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluated the effects of both a traditional lecture and the conservative dual-criterion (CDC) judgment aid on the ability of 6 university students to visually inspect AB-design line graphs. The traditional lecture reliably failed to improve visual inspection accuracy, whereas the CDC method substantially improved the performance…

Stewart, Kelise K.; Carr, James E.; Brandt, Charles W.; McHenry, Meade M.

2007-01-01

392

Undergraduate Student Teaching Placements in Schools and Colleges: An Example from the School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The placement of final-year undergraduate students into schools and colleges is becoming increasingly common in higher education as part of outreach, employability and community-building initiatives. This article describes one such initiative at the School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, its successes, its challenges and why schools…

Murphy, Phil; Chapman, Rob; Mortimer, Rob; Craven, Ben

2012-01-01

393

Christian Universities and Colleges: The Need to Train Instructors to Teach the Bible as Literature in Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines the national growth of Bible literacy courses in America's public schools and examines what steps Christian universities and colleges can take to help meet the demand for teachers for these courses. The author asserts that several sources of training are currently available, but declares that they will be unable to train a…

Jeynes, William H.

2012-01-01

394

Assessing the Impact of a Faculty Development Program on Teaching Quality in a Mexican University. AIR 1991 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to enormous enrollment increases, Mexican universities were forced to hire faculty without a Licenciatura degree (corresponds to a United States bachelors degree) and so initiated faculty development activities (FDA) to enhance the performance of underqualified and new teachers. This study assessed the impact of one of these FDAs at the…

Rizo, Felipe Martinez; And Others

395

Voyage on the SS "School Library Leadership": Collaboration in Teaching and Learning at the University of Vermont  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the SS "School Library Leadership" maiden voyage, which departed from the University of Vermont (UVM) during the 2010 fall semester. Twelve intrepid sailors followed their sense of adventure into uncharted waters with cocaptains Judy Kaplan and Susan Ballard in an online collaboration that provided a powerful learning…

Kaplan, Judith L.; Ballard, Susan D.

2012-01-01

396

A Study of Two Techniques for Teaching Introductory Geography: Traditional Approach Versus Cooperative Learning in the University Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study conducted by a university geography department and its school of education. They divided a World Regional Geography class into two groups. One utilized the traditional lecture method; the other implemented a collaborative learning approach. No significant gain was realized at the conclusion of the study. (MJP)

Hertzog, C. Jay; Lieble, Charles

1996-01-01

397

Teaching the Day After: An Assessment of American University Pedagogy in the Wake of September 11, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed university faculty shortly after the September 11 attacks to investigate how they engaged with their students following these events. Classrooms became safe spaces for expressions of emotional vulnerability and public grieving. Some professors offered themselves as moral guides, striving to forestall the expression of hostility. Others…

Flynn, Karen Coen; Boisseau, Tracey Jean

2002-01-01

398

Inventing the Future: Using Social Media to Transform a University from a Teaching Organization to a Learning Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the corporate world, with its global, competitive environment, many firms have become learning organizations in order to survive and thrive. Similarly, 21st century universities that succeed will be lean, flexible, and nimble, enabling them to cross geographic and time boundaries, and to better meet the needs of future generations. The…

Manlow, Veronica; Friedman, Hershey; Friedman, Linda

2010-01-01

399

Aligning Assessment Instruments with the Sterling Quality Criteria: Technical Report for the Teaching and Leadership Center at Florida Atlanta University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florida Atlantic University College of Education was commissioned by the South Florida Annenberg Challenge to develop and create five diagnostic and assessment instruments for leaders that will provide candidate information about: (1) personality skills related to leadership; (2) transformational leadership potential; (3) leadership skills; (4)…

Pisapia, John; Coukos-Semmel, Eleni

400

Teradata University Network: A No Cost Web-Portal for Teaching Database, Data Warehousing, and Data-Related Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the value that information systems faculty and students in classes dealing with database management, data warehousing, decision support systems, and related topics, could derive from the use of the Teradata University Network (TUN), a free comprehensive web-portal. A detailed overview of TUN functionalities and content is…

Jukic, Nenad; Gray, Paul

2008-01-01

401

In Pursuit of Our Common Interests: A Framework for Building School-University Partnerships to Improve Urban Schools and Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools of education are increasingly under attack. In a speech delivered at Teachers College, Columbia University, in 2009, education secretary Arne Duncan charged that the nation's schools of education were "doing a mediocre job of preparing teachers for the realities of 21st-century classroom." Although teachers unions have borne the brunt of…

Noguera, Pedro A.; Klevan, Sarah L.

2010-01-01

402

Internet Technology-Based Projects in Learning and Teaching English as a Foreign Language at Yakutsk State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses recent uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in fostering Internet-based projects for learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at the Faculty of Foreign Languages in Yakutsk State University, Russia. It covers the authors' experiences integrating distance education and creating educational resources…

Zamorshchikova, Lena; Egorova, Olga; Popova, Marina

2011-01-01

403

Can student ratings of teaching be predicted by teaching styles?  

PubMed

The relationship between teaching styles and student ratings of teaching was examined at a Chinese university. 388 teachers (170 men, 218 women) were invited to fill out the 49-item Teaching Styles Inventory (Grigorenko & Sternberg, 1993). The inventory measures seven teaching styles: legislative, judicial, liberal, global, executive, conservative, and local. Scores from students' evaluations of teaching of courses for one semester were collected. Students' evaluation scores were significantly and negatively related to executive and conservative teaching styles of their teachers, while no significant correlation was found between student ratings and any of the other five teaching styles. Only conservative teaching style contributed significantly to the prediction of student ratings. Sex and age were found to have moderating effects on the relationship between teaching style and student ratings. The role of teaching styles in student ratings was discussed. PMID:20524552

Chen, Guo-Hai; Watkins, David

2010-04-01

404

Teaching at Berkeley: A Guide for Foreign Teaching Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A handbook for foreign teaching assistants (TAs) is presented by foreign graduate students with teaching experience and other educators who have worked closely with them. Language skills, teaching strategies, cultural issues, resources, and the environment at the University of California, Berkeley, are addressed in 16 articles. Article titles and…

Cohen, Robby, Ed.; Robin, Ron, Ed.

405

Why Teach Art?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the author's career as an art educator in public schools and at the university level, a perplexing question has recurred: "Why teach art?" This query never fails to surprise her, for in her estimation the arts are at the very core of all art educators need to know and what they should be teaching. As art teachers--regardless of where or…

Stephens, Pamela Geiger

2008-01-01

406

Teaching English Through Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A complete teaching guide is presented for teaching English as a second language (ESL) according to the Total Physical Response (TPR) approach as was researched by James J. Asher of San Jose (California) State University. The method is based on the following premises: (1) understanding the spoken language should be developed far in advance of…

Segal, Bertha

407

Russian Teaching Contracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes two Russian teaching contracts, rhetorically comparing purpose and audience, culture, gender, and the role of the individual versus the state. Uses anecdotal episodes as a framework for examining Russian culture and analyzing university teaching contracts, concluding that the contracts are not only brief and factual but also reflect a…

Stevens, Betsy

2000-01-01

408

Experiences of Reflective Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a reflective teaching project initiated at the University of Sunderland. It identifies some of the staff development that was required to fulfil the aims of the project. Models of reflection are given: DATA; critical thinking; experiential learning; action research; critical incident; concept map; and storytelling. Methods of data collection are outlined: teaching observation; diaries\\/logs; and student feedback;

Judith A. Kuit; Gill Reay; Richard Freeman

2001-01-01

409

How to teach intersubjectivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents my dialogical teaching since 2001 at the Department of Social Work at Bielefeld University of Applied Sciences. The following describes my approach to teaching ‘intersubjectivity’ to social work students and my experience with it with reference to Martin Buber's anthropology of the ‘interhuman’ and to relevant discussions within psychoanalysis. Part of this learning programme consists of implementing

Cornelia Muth

2009-01-01

410

Learning to teach effectively: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduate teaching assistants' teaching self-efficacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are important in the teaching of undergraduate students (Golde & Dore, 2001). However, they are often poorly prepared for teaching (Luft, Kurdziel, Roehrig, & Turner, 2004). This dissertation addresses teaching effectiveness in three related manuscripts: (1) A position paper that summarizes the current research on and develops a model of GTA teaching effectiveness. (2) An adaptation and validation of two instruments; GTA perception of teaching training and STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. (3) A model test of factors that predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Together these three papers address key questions in the understanding of teaching effectiveness in STEM GTAs including: (a) What is our current knowledge of factors that affect the teaching effectiveness of GTAs? (b) Given that teaching self-efficacy is strongly linked to teaching performance, how can we measure STEM GTAs teaching self-efficacy? (c) Is there a better way to measure GTA teaching training than currently exists? (d) What factors predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy? An original model for GTA teaching effectiveness was developed from a thorough search of the GTA teaching literature. The two instruments---perception of training and teaching self-efficacy---were tested through self-report surveys using STEM GTAs from six different universities including Oregon State University (OSU). The data was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Using GTAs from the OSU colleges of science and engineering, the model of sources of STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy was tested by administering self-report surveys and analyzed by using OLS regression analysis. Language and cultural proficiency, departmental teaching climate, teaching self-efficacy, GTA training, and teaching experience affect GTA teaching effectiveness. GTA teaching self-efficacy is a second-order factor combined from self-efficacy for instructional strategies and a positive learning environment. It is correlated to GTA perception of teaching training and university GTA training. The K-12 teaching experience, GTA perception of teaching training, and facilitating factors in the departmental climate predict STEM GTA teaching self-efficacy. Hours of GTA training and supervision are fully mediated by perception of GTA training. Implications for research and training of STEM GTAs are discussed.

Dechenne, Sue Ellen

411

Why I Teach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council for Advancement and Support of Education's Professor of the Year for 1982, a Colgate University astronomer with an interest in archaeology, explains his excitement in and commitment to teaching college students. (MSE)

Aveni, Anthony F.

1982-01-01

412

The Joy of Teaching Legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

I am going to talk about teaching legislation, a class I have taught several times at Georgetown University Law Center, as well as teaching a federal legislation clinic, which I founded ten years ago at the law school. Bill Eskridge has done a wonderful job laying out the different ways one can teach a course in legislation; you will see

Chai R. Feldblum

2003-01-01

413

The impact of the transition to outcomes-based teaching on university preparedness in mathematics in South Africa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the political changes of 1994 in South Africa, the decision was taken to replace the traditional skills-based education system at primary and secondary school level (Grades 1-12) with an outcomes-based education system (OBE). The implementation of the OBE system did not come without problems, giving rise to revised initiatives. The OBE approach, referred to as Curriculum 2005, was introduced into schools in 1998, for all learners in Grades 1-6 and progressively phased in after that. In 2002, the OBE system was put on hold for the two upper grades of these learners. Learners in these two grades reverted back to skills-based learning for their last three years of schooling, i.e. in Grades 10 - 12. The most senior of these learners that had been subjected to four years of OBE and another three years of the old system finished their schooling in 2005 and 2006 and entered university in 2006 and 2007. These groups are of interest. Students ahead of them had their full schooling in the old system and students two years younger were only subjected to OBE. These students are the "group in the middle". This paper reports on what the impact is of the growing pains of such a new, inadequately planned education system on the mathematics preparedness of students entering university. This report will be extended in 2009 when the learners that have been fully subjected to the OBE system enter university.

Engelbrecht, Johann; Harding, Ansie

2008-09-01

414

Teaching Languages, Teaching Cultures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers examines what it means to teach culture as an integrated part of language from both the language learner's and the language teacher's perspectives. The 11 papers include the following: "Teaching Cultures as an Integrated Part of Language: Implications for the Aims, Approaches and Pedagogies of Language Teaching" (Chantal…

Liddicoat, Anthony J., Ed.; Crozet, Chantal, Ed.

415

Teaching Across Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Teaching across cultures, whether as an expatriate teaching in a different culture, or as a local teaching international students,\\u000a is an experience that many university teachers see as problematic. The following comment from the United Kingdom on teaching\\u000a international students is typical:\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a many overseas students now originate in Pacific Rim countries, whose educational cultures characteristically value a highly\\u000a deferential approach

John B. Biggs

416

Teaching Climate and Culture as Part of Advanced Climate Change Education at the University of North Carolina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new class, 'Climate and Culture' was introduced at the University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA) during the 2007-2008 fall semester. This multi-disciplinary course addresses climate, climate change, and climatological impacts on various aspects of society and culture. UNCA's proximity to the NOAA National Climatic Data Center and several climate consultancies allows the university to tap climate specialists for their expertise. Four contemporary climate textbooks provide broad background reading material and are accompanied by a series of guest lecturers who explore a diverse set of issues including climate fundamentals, uncertainty in science and decision-making, natural resources and climate, climate in the media, urban and regional planning for climate change, and the impact of climate change on various socio-economic sectors, developing countries, international negotiations, policy making, and strategies. This paper provides an overview of the 'Climate and Culture' course and discusses its role as part of the UNCA Master of Liberal Arts Degree. Stemming from the success of this course, UNCA is also initiating a graduate program titled: Climate Change and Society, which is an innovative, interdisciplinary graduate program aimed at bridging the gap between climate change science and climate's effects on society. That program will begin offering classes August 2009.

Heim, R. R.; Voos, G.; Shein, K. A.

2008-12-01

417

The Enquiring University Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to an approach to professional development in which one's own teaching is a field of inquiry. The book explores the nature of the university teacher's inquiry and the importance of questioning personal and intellectual values in university teaching. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction to the Enquiry"; (2) "The Relationship…

Rowland, Stephen

418

Teaching Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Purdue University has one of the strongest schools of engineering in the United States, and they remain committed to providing new and interesting materials about the art and science of teaching engineering to their students. Professors Phillip C. Wankat and Frank S. Oreovicz recently created this very helpful textbook to aid engineering educators in the classroom, and it is exciting to see that it is available online here for free. Visitors can download the entire book, or they can just browse around through some of the seventeen chapters. These chapters include "Problem Solving and Creativity", "Lectures", and "Learning Theories". Additionally, there are several helpful appendices, such as "Obtaining an Academic Position" and "Sample Teaching Course Outline". Overall, it's an exemplary resource, and one that will be most useful to engineering educators. These materials can be used in a variety of engineering courses, including those that deal with chemical and mechanical engineering.

419

Dermatology Quality of Life Impairments among Newly Diagnosed HIV/AIDS-Infected Patients in the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (Uith), Ilorin, Nigeria.  

PubMed

The study sought to describe the quality-of-life impairments in newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS-infected adult patients with cutaneous lesions. This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study of 160 newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS-infected adult patients attending the HIV/AIDS clinic of University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH). Systemic random sampling technique was used in recruiting respondents for the study. The Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) was used to gauge the quality-of-life impairments. The study showed high prevalence of cutaneous lesions in HIV/AIDS-infected patients. Majority of the respondents (83.7%) scored more than 10 in DLQI score. This signifies that the skin lesions had large negative effects on their quality of life. The assessment of the impact of dermatoses on patients' quality of life is important for clinical management. It is pertinent to detect patients at higher risk of experiencing worse quality of life in order to treat them holistically. PMID:23771869

Shittu, R O; Odeigah, L O; Mahmoud, Abdulraheem O; Sani, M A; Bolarinwa, O A

2013-06-14

420

Lessons learned: A case study of an integrated way of teaching introductory physics to at-risk students at Rutgers University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to provide a physics instructional environment in which at-risk students (particularly women and minorities) can successfully learn and enjoy introductory physics, we have introduced Extended General Physics as an option for science, science teaching, and pre-health professions majors at Rutgers University. We have taught the course for the last five years. In this new course, we have used many elements that have been proven to be successful in physics instruction. We have added a new component, the minilab, stressing qualitative experiments performed by the students. By integrating all the elements, and structuring the time the students invest in the course, we have created a successful program for students-at-risk, indeed for all students. Our aim was not only to foster successful mastery of the traditional physics syllabus by the students, but to create a sense of community through the cooperation of students with each other and their instructors. We present a template for implementation of our program elsewhere.

Etkina, E.; Gibbons, K.; Holton, B. L.; Horton, G. K.

1999-09-01

421

Lessons learned: A case study of an integrated way of teaching introductory physics to at-risk students at Rutgers University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to provide a physics instructional environment in which at-risk students (particularly women and minorities) can successfully learn and enjoy introductory physics, we have introduced Extended General Physics as an option for science, science teaching, and pre-health professions majors at Rutgers University. We have taught the course for the last five years. In this new course, we have used many elements that have been proven to be successful in physics instruction. We have added a new component, the minilab, stressing qualitative experiments performed by the students. By integrating all the elements, and structuring the time the students invest in the course, we have created a successful program for students-at-risk, indeed for all students. Our aim was not only to foster successful mastery of the traditional physics syllabus by the students, but to create a sense of community through the cooperation of students with each other and their instructors. We present a template for implementation of our program elsewhere.

Etkina, Eugenia; Gibbons, K.; Holton, B. L.; Horton, George K.

2005-10-21

422

Prevalence of potential drug-drug interactions among internal medicine ward in University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the prevalence, clinical significance and the associated risk factors of potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) at internal medicine ward of University of Gondar (UOG) hospital. Method A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on patients treated in internal medicine ward of UOG hospital from April 29, 2013 to June 2, 2013. Data was collected from medical records and by interviewing the patients face to face. Descriptive analysis was conducted for back ground characteristics and logistic regression was used to determine the associated risk factors. Result In our study, we have identified a total number of 413 potential DDIs and 184 types of interacting combinations with 4.13 potential DDIs per patient. Among 413 potential DDIs most were of moderate interactions 61.2% (n=253) followed by 26% (n=107) of minor interactions and 12.8% (n=53) of major interactions. There was significant association of occurrence of potential DDIs only with taking three or more medications. Conclusion We have recorded a high rate of prevalence of potential DDI in the internal medicine ward of UOG hospital and a high number of clinically significant DDIs which the most prevalent DDI were of moderate severity. Careful selection of drugs and active pharmaceutical care is encouraged in order to avoid negative consequences of these interactions.

Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Berhanie, Alemayehu; Tigistu, Habtamu; Abraham, Yishak; Getachew, Yosheph; Khan, Tahir Mehmood; Unakal, Chandrashekhar

2014-01-01

423

Does the future have a history of psychology? A report on teaching, research, and faculty positions in Canadian universities.  

PubMed

[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 17(2) of History of Psychology (see record 2014-03075-001). In footnote 5, the sentence beginning, "APA and CPA support the grouping..." should have stated, "APA and CPA support the grouping of history and systems together (see American Psychological Association, Commission on Accreditation, 2009, p. 7; see also, MacIntosh, Cohen, Caputo, & Lavoie, 2011, p. 21, regarding program philosophy and curriculum for accreditation with the Canadian Psychological Association)." All versions of this article have been corrected.] This article presents findings derived from 2 surveys inquiring about the role of the history of psychology course within undergraduate and graduate psychology departments in Canada. Conducted through the Chairs of Canadian Psychology Departments (CCPD) listserv, the results indicated that the history of psychology has a robust presence in psychology programs in Canadian universities, often serving as a requirement for an honors degree or graduation. Yet, many departments have reported having difficulties finding a consistent instructor for the course, with the majority of instructors not identifying as a "history specialist." We reviewed the findings, have highlighted aspects of concern, and have argued for a solution that includes recognizing the value of historical research as part of psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24377860

Barnes, Marissa E; Greer, Scott

2014-05-01

424

A Professional Development Teaching Course for Science Graduate Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although the majority of the teaching faculty at U.S. universities is composed of people who are scientific experts, research has found that most scientists do not have information about effective teaching methods (DeHaan 2005). Traditional lecture-style college science teaching does not reflect knowledge about best teaching practices based upon research about teaching and learning (AAAS 1990). An innovative course at the University Hawaii provides future science professors with professional development effective science teaching.

Baumgartner, Erin

2007-05-01

425

The effect of using JavaScript and HTML to implement an E-learning web sites as a remedial teaching aid on English underachievers at universities of science and technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the students in universities of science and technology are English underachievers. To increase learning motivation and provide students with an after-school self-learning environment, an English E-learning web site must be established as a remedial teaching aid. Previous studies have shown that students have very positive views of online learning websites. Adding interactivities and real time feedbacks into e-learning

Yi-Wen Luo

2010-01-01

426

Building Virtuality into University-Based Human Resources Policy in China's Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of discussing the notion of virtual human resources and its structure, this paper analyzes the necessity of building up virtual university teaching staff and proposes a model for the structural makeup of virtual university teaching staff.

Guoliang, Zhang

2005-01-01

427

Graduate teaching assistants talking about and teaching writing: An ethnographic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is an empirical study in composition. In particular, it is an ethnographic study of twelve graduate teaching assistants talking about and teaching writing. Focusing on two of their university roles--that is, their role as teachers of writing and their role as students of writing--this dissertation explores how the graduate teaching assistants learned to teach, took on professional roles,

Zhuang-Zhong Lehmberg

1995-01-01

428

An Evaluation of the Mid-Semester Student Evaluation of Teaching at a University Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Detachment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student evaluation of teaching in an Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program was designed and implemented without formal validation. This study addressed the usefulness of the previous evaluation and whether the questions were the most valuable for students and faculty, especially for the improvement of teaching. An interview…

Sellers, Kevin C.

429

"I Liked It so Much I E-mailed Him and Told Him": Teaching "The Lesser Blessed" at the University of California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is just one story in the ongoing conversation of how to approach teaching indigenous literatures in colonial educational institutions. Through sharing her experiences in teaching Richard Van Camp's "The Lesser Blessed," the author hopes to reveal the power of this particular text and the way its effects on students who willingly engage…

Haladay, Jane

2007-01-01

430

INSIGHT: An Annual Collection of Articles on Teaching and Learning by Faculty of the Community Colleges of the State University of New York, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty articles describing innovative courses and teaching methods are included in this first annual collection. Techniques for English courses are described in four articles covering the uses of media, the tutorial approach, teaching the art of questioning, and using the steps of film production as analogy in writing instruction. Two articles…

Burns, Charles A., Ed.

431

Seroprevalence of human papillomavirus immunoglobulin G antibodies among women presenting at the reproductive health clinic of a university teaching hospital in Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the cause of 90%–95% of squamous cell cancers. Persistent infection with high-risk HPV can lead to development of precancerous lesions of the cervix in 5%–10% of infected women, and can progress to invasive cervical cancer 15–20 years later. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of HPV immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies among women of reproductive age attending a reproductive health clinic at Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria. Methods The study was descriptive, cross-sectional, and experimental, combining the use of a structured questionnaire and analysis of serum samples obtained from 350 consecutive consenting women. The serum samples were analyzed for IgG antibodies to HPV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results We found a seroprevalence of 42.9% (150/350) for IgG antibodies to HPV in these women. Women aged 45–49 years and those who had their sexual debut aged 20–23 years had the highest HPV seroprevalence, ie, 50% (57/114) and 51.1% (46/90), respectively. Presence of antibodies varied according to sociodemographic factors, but was significantly associated with educational status, tribe, and religion (P<0.05). Human papillomavirus infection was not significantly associated with the reproductive characteristics and sexual behavior of the women. Antibodies to HPV were detected in 50.0% (9/18) of women with a family history of cervical cancer and in 30.8% (4/13) of those with a history or signs of WHIM (warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency, myelokathexis) syndrome as a genetic disorder (P>0.05). Conclusion Further studies are needed to determine the HPV serotypes and evaluate the risk of natural development of HPV-related malignancies among women in the study area.

Aminu, M; Gwafan, JZ; Inabo, HI; Oguntayo, AO; Ella, EE; Koledade, AK

2014-01-01

432

Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections among blood donors at Gondar University Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: declining trends over a period of five years  

PubMed Central

Background Transfusion-transmissible infectious agents such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis are among the greatest threats to blood safety for the recipient. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence, risk factors and trends of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections among blood donors over a period of five years at Gondar University Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods A retrospective analysis of consecutive blood donors' records covering the period between January 2003 and December 2007 was conducted. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine risk factors associated with HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections. Results From the total of 6361 consecutive blood donors, 607 (9.5%) had serological evidence of infection with at least one pathogen and 50 (0.8%) had multiple infections. The overall seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis was 3.8%, 4.7%, 0.7%, and 1.3% respectively. Among those with multiple infections, the most common combinations were HIV - syphilis 19 (38%) and HIV - HBV 17 (34%). The seropositivity of HIV was significantly increased among female blood donors, first time donors, housewives, merchants, soldiers, drivers and construction workers. Significantly increased HBV seropositivity was observed among farmers, first time donors and age groups of 26 - 35 and 36 - 45 years. Similarly, the seroprevalence of syphilis was significantly increased among daily labourers and construction workers. Statistically significant association was observed between syphilis and HIV infections, and HCV and HIV infections. Moreover, significantly declining trends of HIV, HCV and syphilis seropositivity were observed over the study period. Conclusions A substantial percentage of the blood donors harbour HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections. Strict selection of blood donors and comprehensive screening of donors' blood using standard methods are highly recommended to ensure the safety of blood for recipient.

2010-01-01

433

Prenatal screening for sickle cell anemia: awareness among health professionals and medical students at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital and the concept of prevention by termination.  

PubMed

Nigeria has the highest population of sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients in the whole world. This condition manifests with frequent episodes of aches and pains, recurrent infections, and frequent hospitalization. Prenatal screening is one of the methods of reducing the prevalence of this disease. The study aimed to determine the awareness and acceptability of prenatal screening for SCA among health professionals and students at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. It was a descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out between August and September 2006, involving 403 health professionals and students using structured questionnaires. The study revealed that 91.3% of the respondents had heard about prenatal screening for SCA, whereas 8.7% of the respondents had not. In addition, the majority of the respondents (75.3%) knew that SCA can be prevented by prenatal screening for SCA, whereas 13.7% and 11.3% were not aware or not sure, respectively. Up to 48.2% of the respondents were not aware that prenatal screening for SCA is available in Nigeria with the nurses being the least aware (?=11.9, P=0.00). 42.1% of the respondents will not allow preventive termination of pregnancy if prenatal screening confirms SCA. For those who will not allow preventive termination, up to 79% of them decided on the basis of their religious beliefs. There is a poor level of awareness of the availability of prenatal screening services in Nigeria among health workers in Lagos, and religion is a major factor militating against its acceptability. PMID:22538322

Adeola Animasahun, Barakat; Nwodo, Urowoli; Njokanma, Olisamedu Fidelis

2012-05-01

434

Prevalence of nontyphoidal Salmonella serogroups and their antimicrobial resistance patterns in a university teaching hospital in Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) species are important food-borne pathogens that cause gastroenteritis and bacteremia, and are responsible for a huge global burden of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalent serogroups and antibiotic resistance of NTS in our region. Methods We reviewed the serogroup distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of NTS strains obtained from 158 stool specimens of patients with acute diarrheal infection attending the outpatient and inpatient department at a university hospital in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia in the period from September, 2008 to April, 2011. A retrospective analysis of the 158 patients with NTS infection was conducted to determine the most prevalent NTS serogroups causing acute gastroenteritis and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Results At this teaching hospital, a total of 17,436 fecal samples were analyzed during the 2008–2011 study period. Of these specimens, 158 tested positive for NTS, giving an overall prevalence of 9.06 per 1,000. Of 158 NTS cases, serogroup D1 (25.3%) was the most prevalent, followed by serogroup B (19.6%), and serogroup C1 (18.9). One third of all NTS serogroup strains tested were resistant to tetracycline. The NTS strains showed resistance to ampicillin (31.3%), amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (29.9%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (20.9%), and cefotaxime (14.93%). Conclusion The findings of this study support the concern that use of antibiotics in animal feeds may contribute to acquisition of resistance in food-borne bacteria, such as Salmonella. Our study also concludes that the prevalence of NTS in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia is very low compared with other studies worldwide.

Elhadi, Nasreldin; Aljindan, Reem; Aljeldah, Mohammed

2013-01-01

435

Classroom Teaching in Botswana and Online Teaching from Georgia: Hard Knocks and Earned Successes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an experience teaching online internationally, between a lecturer at the University of Georgia and library science students at the University of Botswana, using an auto-ethnographic method to discuss classroom teaching experiences in Botswana and how they influenced course design, teaching style, and desired student learning…

Tallman, Julie

2003-01-01

436

How Approaches to Teaching are Affected by Discipline and Teaching Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two related studies are reported in this article. The first aimed to analyse how academic discipline is related to university teachers' approaches to teaching. The second explored the effects of teaching context on approaches to teaching. The participants of the first study were 204 teachers from the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki School…

Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari; Trigwell, Keith; Nevgi, Anne; Ashwin, Paul

2006-01-01

437

Promoting Reflection in Tertiary Teaching through Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen the emergence of international concern about the quality of teaching and learning in universities, and consequently also interest in the investigation of models of staff development for improving teaching and learning at university level. This study monitored the reflective deliberations of a tertiary chemistry lecturer engaged in peer collaboration with other university lecturers for the purpose

Campbell J. McRobbie

1994-01-01

438

ASL University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American Sign Language (ASL) University is an online curriculum resource for American Sign Language students, instructors, interpreters, and parents of deaf children. The website provides a wealth of learning tools for both teaching and learning ASL. Teachers are encouraged to use the lessons provided to teach in their own classes. In addition to the available courses, a very comprehensive American Sign Language dictionary is available to help those just learning ASL or those looking to learn how to add to their vocabulary. Furthermore, the site has a newsletter that is distributed through a mailing list.

Vicars, William G.

2007-01-25

439

Teaching With Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching writing can be a challenge, even for those who have been in front of a class full of students for years. The website of the Writing Center at Colorado State University is a great source of information for people who teach writing. A good place to start is the Teaching Guides area, which includes strategies on Planning & Conducting Classes, Teaching Specific Writing Skills, and Writing Across the Curriculum. Furthermore, the Teaching Activities section includes a range of compelling aides including Argument Quiz Discussion Starter, Evaluating Writing, and A Storyteller's Misguided Guide to Focus. Visitors also should also read the Across the Disciplines journal, which is "devoted to language, learning, and academic writing.ââˆOther highlights include The Composition Archives and a crucial guide to dealing with plagiarism.

2012-01-01

440

Teaching with Clickers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This posting on the Tomorrow's Professor Mailing List is an excerpt from a longer article, Teaching with Clickers, by Erping Zhu, coordinator of instructional technology at the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT) at the University of Michigan. The full article can be found at http://www.crlt.umich.edu/publinks/CRLT_no22.pdf. This summary highlights what students like about clickers and a variety of ways faculty use clickers in the classroom.

List, Tomorrow'S P.; Learning, Stanford C.

441

TeachSpatial Annotations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The TeachSpatial collection assembles digital teaching resources relevant to spatial cognition, spatial learning, and spatial literacy across multiple STEM disciplines for middle school, high school, and undergraduate learners. Common topics include physical geography, GIS (Geographic Information Systems), and map reading skills (population demographics, geographic coordinates, etc.). Resources are indexed by the core spatial concepts and principles found in the 1996 National Science Education Standards and contain comments and ratings from a community of users. TeachSpatial is a project of the Center for Spatial Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

2012-01-17

442

Teaching Electrostatics in University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an optional course on applied electrostatics that was offered to electrical engineers in their final year. Topics included the determination of electric fields, nature of the charging process, static electricity in liquids, solid state processes, charged particle applications, and electrostatic ignition. (GS)

Hughes, J. F.

1974-01-01

443

Peer Six: Six Projects Selected by the Participants in Teaching Library Skills, a Workshop June 27-July 1, 1977, University of Northern Iowa, Library Science Department.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Participation in a workshop conducted for media library specialists developed team teaching projects to integrate library/media skills into the subject areas of their school curriculums. Six of the projects were selected for inclusion in this report. A di...

B. J. Buckingham

1978-01-01

444

Pattern of respiratory diseases in children presenting to the paediatric emergency unit of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu: a case series report  

PubMed Central

Background Respiratory diseases are one of the causes of childhood morbidity and mortality as well as hospitalization globally. The patterns of different respiratory illnesses in several parts of the world have been reported but there are few on the combined burden of the diseases. Determination of the burden of respiratory diseases as a group will help ascertain their collective impact on the health systems in order to develop intervention measures. Methods Data from case notes of children with respiratory diseases admitted to the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu, Nigeria over a six year period were extracted. Age, gender, admission rates, types of respiratory illness, duration of admission, season of presentation and outcome were analysed. Descriptive and inferential (Chi square) statistics were used to describe the various disease types and ascertain association of the disease outcome, seasonal pattern with the types of diseases. Results Of the total of 8974 children admissions, 2214 (24.7%) were due to respiratory diseases. The mean age of all the children with respiratory diseases was 3.3?years (SD 3.9). Communicable diseases were the common cause of admission cases throughout the seasons, p < 0.001. The highest admission rates were for pneumonia, (34.0%), acute bronchial asthma, (27.7%) and rhinosinusitis (14.6%) p < 0.001. The frequency of respiratory disease decreases with age and children less than five years of age and of low socio-economic status were commonly affected, p?=?0.01. The median duration of hospital stay was two days [range 1 to 8?days], children less than five years old and those of low socio-economic status, spent more than four days (p?=?0.01 and p < 0.001 respectively). The all-cause mortality was 0.5% (11/2214) of which 81.8% (9/11) was due to pneumonia. Conclusions Respiratory diseases constitute a significant burden of childhood illnesses in our centre. Efforts are required to reduce the impact as part of the steps towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.

2014-01-01

445

Assessment of stigma and discrimination experienced by people living with HIV and AIDS receiving care/treatment in University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin, Nigeria.  

PubMed

The research was designed to assess the stigma and discrimination faced by People living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) that are receiving treatment in UITH, Ilorin. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey conducted on three hundred (300) people living with HIV and AIDS receiving care at the antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics within University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (which was the only ART site in Kwara State as at then). A quantitative method through the use of interviewer administered questionnaire was used for data collection. This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study design. All the patients who came to the clinic and met the selection criteria were recruited until the desired sample size was reached. Data were analyzed by EPI-INFO 2005 software package. The mean age of the respondents was 39 years (SD = 9.32), and their age ranged between 19 and 65 years. About two thirds (64.7%) of the respondents were females, 62.7% were married, and 62.9% were from monogamous family settings. Slightly less than half (47.3%) of the respondents were not informed before they were tested for HIV, majority (63.3%) were not counseled before the test, but only 11% did not receive posttest counseling. One quarter of the respondents had experienced stigmatization/discrimination. Various forms of stigmatization/discrimination experienced by the respondents include blame for being responsible for their HIV status, various name callings, telling them that they are no more useful to anybody, violation of confidentiality, social isolation, restriction of their participation in family/religious activities, rejection by their spouses/families, dismissal from place of work, isolating them from other patients, and denying them care at health centers. It is therefore recommended that government at all levels should develop and implement programs to educate health care providers about HIV and AIDS, ethics, and treatment and care; educate the general population on HIV and AIDS, put in place policies that will reduce/stop HIV-related stigma and discrimination at all levels of the society, educate PLWHA on their right to live and work without discrimination, and also ensure full community participation in HIV control programs. PMID:21521807

Owolabi, Rotimi S; Araoye, Margaret O; Osagbemi, Gordon K; Odeigah, Louis; Ogundiran, Adeniyi; Hussain, Nurudeen A

2012-01-01

446

[Science Modules: Teaching Tactics, Questioning Techniques, Planning Short-Term Teaching Strategies, and Planning Long-Term Teaching Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are four modules (from Appendix A), developed for a study at Central Michigan University, focusing on competency-based materials in science methods education for elementary school teachers. The Teaching Tactics Module is an attempt to combine process teaching skills and inquiry. Four teaching tactics are emphasized: initiating, focusing,…

Oana, Robert G.; Eiszler, Charles F.

447

Teaching Online - A Time Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of distance courses has prompted universities nationwide to increase the number of courses offered online. As the number of these courses has increased, the challenges involved in developing and offering them have become more apparent. One particular difficulty when teaching in an online format is that it can be more time-consuming than teaching in a traditional in-class format.

Joseph Cavanaugh

2005-01-01

448

Content-Based Language Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Cross Currents" is subtitled "an International Journal of Language Teaching and Cross-Cultural Communication." This special theme issue is devoted to the topic of "content-based language teaching" and contains nine the ELT Needs of Japanese University Students"; "Exploring Community in a Content-Based Foreign Language Classroom"; "Risk-Taking for…

Jaquith, Paul, Ed.

1991-01-01

449

Teaching about Death to Undergraduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development, implementation, and teaching of a college-level course on dying and death are described. The authors review their own experiences in becoming involved with death education and describe teaching methods, problems, and content of their current course in dying and death at the State University of New York, College at New Paltz. Because…

Pine, Vanderlyn R.; And Others

450

Training Teachers to Teach Probability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we analyze the reasons why the teaching of probability is difficult for mathematics teachers, describe the contents needed in the didactical preparation of teachers to teach probability and analyze some examples of activities to carry out this training. These activities take into account the experience at the University of Granada,…

Batanero, Carmen; Godino, Juan D.; Roa, Rafael

2004-01-01

451

Collegiality and Better Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past five years, teachers from four Houston-area school districts have joined together in a professional learning community (PLC) to improve their science teaching. Through the University of Houston-Clear Lake (UHCL) Regional Collaborative for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching, the teachers strengthen content knowledge and…

Weiser, Brenda

2012-01-01

452

An Apprenticeship for Teaching Assistants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the organization and components of the teaching assistant apprenticeship program at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Explains the administrative route that was travelled in developing the program for English teaching assistants and the reasons why administrative support is essential to the success of such a training…

Gefvert, Constance J.

1982-01-01

453

Creative Ways to Teach Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents activities, materials, and instructions for three classroom games developed in University of Illinois nutrition education workshops on new ways to teach nutrition: Vit-A-Vend, Nutrition Basketball, and Nutrition Baseball. (MF)

Spitze, Hazel Taylor; And Others

1977-01-01

454

What's New in Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents some minicourses and equipment which college professors consider new in science teaching, such as: (1) the environmental educational minicourse of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; and (2) multiple-choice testing without retyping. (HM)

Estee, Charles R., Ed.

1977-01-01

455

Teaching Adult Students Mathematical Investigations-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching Adult Students Mathematical Investigation is based on the continuing research work carried out for the last ten years of teaching on the Foundation Course in Mathematics at Goldsmiths, University of London. Teaching Mathematical Investigation to adult students is a very challenging and often rewarding experience for adult educators as…

Angiama, R. O.

456

The Underlying Components of Clinical Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student ratings of dental hygiene clinical instruction were analyzed to determine dimensions of clinical instruction and the effect of the faculty's teaching philosophy on the underlying components of teaching. A 31-item student evaluation instrument was developed to reflect the teaching philosophy of the Department of Dental Hygiene, University

Romberg, Elaine; Metzger, Cheryl

457

Value conflicts in higher education teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores value conflicts that people experience when teaching in higher education, drawing on in-depth interviews with staff from a research-intensive UK university. The article considers the relationship between values and teaching, illustrating how conflicts can occur between individual and different levels of the higher education system. Five value conflicts are then examined related to: dialogic forms of teaching;

Alan Skelton

2011-01-01

458

Value conflicts in higher education teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores value conflicts that people experience when teaching in higher education, drawing on in-depth interviews with staff from a research-intensive UK university. The article considers the relationship between values and teaching, illustrating how conflicts can occur between individual and different levels of the higher education system. Five value conflicts are then examined related to: dialogic forms of teaching;

Alan Skelton

2012-01-01

459

Teamwork: effectively teaching an employability skill  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a case study on improvements to professional teaching practice within an undergraduate university business programme to more effectively teach an employability skill and enhance the student experience of teamwork. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A three-phase approach to teaching teamwork was introduced. Tuckman's model of team development was explicitly taught and used as

Linda Riebe; Dean Roepen; Bruno Santarelli; Gary Marchioro

2010-01-01

460

A Center for Teaching and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Teaching and Learning at Ball State University is described in this report. Designed to make continuing efforts to improve the teaching and learning process, it offers many unique programs aimed at disseminating knowledge on the subject and encouraging faculty to use the results of these activities to improve their teaching. Some of…

Annis, Linda F.

461

Team Teaching: Are Two Better than One?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored two assumptions about college teaching and learning: first, that faculty teach in isolation, as institutional culture values and rewards autonomy over collaboration; and second, that faculty collaboration improves instruction. They present findings from an experiment in team teaching in a university beginning Spanish course in…

Bettencourt, M. L.; Weldon, A. A.

2011-01-01

462

Teaching Guidebook: An Introduction to Some Basics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teaching guide designed for use by new university teaching assistants provides help in preparing for and carrying out instructional responsibilities. Separate chapters give guidance with: preparing the course description and syllabus, including writing objectives; selecting teaching strategies (lecture, discussion, and laboratory experience);…

Blake, Veronica M.; Dinham, Sarah M.

463

Radiology Anatomy Teaching Modules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As more and more individuals elect to enter the various health science professions, there is an increased demand for teaching resources designed to keep students aware of basic skills and techniques. Created by the University of Washington, these radiology anatomy teaching modules are designed to supplement regular instruction and to serve as a reference resource for medical educators and students. Along the left side of the site visitors will find a muscle atlas, an online radiology guide, and the "Teaching Files" area. Further down the homepage, visitors will find the "Anatomy Teaching Modules" section. Here visitors can take advantage of modules that cover the basic radiographic anatomy of selected parts of the skeleton and related resources.

2007-01-01

464

Radiology Teaching Files  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wayne University has compiled a collection of teaching files, complete with sample pictures and information, organized by condition, such as appendicitis, or body part, such as brain or heart. Students will find this site useful for practicing the interpretation of radiological images, and teachers will be able to use these images and interactive diagnosis functions in the classroom. Wayne University's Radiological Program updates this site regularly, so visitors should check back often for new resources.

2007-04-05

465

Perceptions of Teaching Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty members at a research extensive university who had been recognized as outstanding teachers stated that they enjoyed teaching and expressed a strong preference for actively engaging students in the learning process and placing a high degree of importance on receiving student feedback. They stressed the importance of setting clear…

Lumpkin, Angela; Multon, Karen D.

2013-01-01

466

Teaching Quantum Physics Conceptually  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although quantum physics and relativity have been our basis for understanding the universe for the past century, most introductory physics courses still nearly exclude them. This talk presents ways of teaching quantum physics conceptually, i.e. without algebra. Such an approach is appropriate not only for non-scientists but also as an introduction to quantum physics for scientists. Topics will include the

Art Hobson

2002-01-01

467

Teaching and Learning Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I review the teaching and learning of astronomy, in elementary and secondary school, colleges and universities, and for the public through astronomy outreach and communication. I describe International Year of Astronomy 2009, and some of the national and personal projects in which I am involved.

Percy, John R.

2010-10-01

468

On Teaching Subject Cataloging  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors, Professor Arlene G. Taylor and her doctoral student, Daniel N. Joudrey, discuss their approach to teaching subject cataloging in the graduate library and information sciences (LIS) program at the University of Pittsburgh's School of Information Sciences. This essay discusses the authors' thoughts on the importance of subject cataloging in graduate LIS education, the theory versus practice debate, goals,

Arlene G. Taylor; Daniel N. Joudrey

2002-01-01

469

Assessing and Teaching Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Professional Communication Unit (PCU) at the University of Cape Town (UCT) recently conducted a business communication needs analysis to determine student perceptions of their communicative competence and the teaching strategies being used to develop such competence. Students felt that the specialist, stand-alone communication program was more effective than their 3 to 4-year degree per se in delivering communication instruction,

Terri Grant

2004-01-01

470

Teaching "For" Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 30 or more major educational reform reports that have appeared since "A Nation at Risk" are in solid agreement that public education falls short of excellence. While suggestions for reform in elementary/secondary education have focused on teaching, in colleges and universities the emphasis has been more on curriculum than instruction. However,…

Cross, K. Patricia

471

Reverence in Classroom Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Our article develops insights from Paul Woodruff's book, Reverence: Renewing a Forgotten Virtue (Oxford University Press, 2001), to discuss reverence in teaching. We show how reverence is both a cardinal and a forgotten virtue by situating it within the philosophical tradition of virtue ethics, which involves traits of…

Garrison, Jim; Rud, A. G.

2009-01-01

472

The Effects of Deductive and Inductive Approaches of Teaching on Jordanian University Students' Use of the Active and Passive Voice in English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study presented the description of two teaching methods called "deductive" and "inductive" approaches. The first involved providing a group of participants with rules and then examples directly and separately, but the second approach involves providing another group of participants with examples or content without offering explicit…

Mohammed, Azmi Adel; Jaber, Hanna Abu

2008-01-01

473

The Use of Native Language in L2 Teaching: A Case Study of English Department and Preparatory Year, Najran University, Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite many ELT experts' opinions that while teaching a foreign language one should not use the mother tongue in the classroom, new researches show that sparing use of the mother tongue can be effective for the L2 learners. It is true that the 6- year compulsory English education of the school graduates of Saudi Arabia is not quite up to the…

Al-Dera, Abdullah Saad

2011-01-01

474

CONCEPTIONS OF SCIENCING HELD BY PHILOSOPHERS OF SCIENCE-IMPLICATIONS FOR THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SCIENCE AT THE UNIVERSITY LEVEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper an attempt is made to argue that philosophy of science is relevant to science, science teaching and learning and is useful in analyzing the concept of sciencing. The analysis focuses on the goals of sciencing, the conceptions of the scientific method, scientific discovery, and scientific progress held by philosophers of science. The need is argued for prospective

Olakanmi Abimbola

475

Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning (Jigsaw II) Method in Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Engineering Students (Case of Firat University, Turkey)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study compares the effects of the cooperative jigsaw II method and traditional teacher-centred teaching method on improving vocabulary knowledge and active-passive voice in English as a foreign language for engineering students and the students' attitudes towards learning English. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning model that involves…

Gomleksiz, M. N.

2007-01-01

476

Australian Universities and International Standards: Australian Compliance with the 1997 UNESCO "Recommendation Concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Soft law, that is, regulation which is technically unenforceable, is one means whereby international ethical and professional standards are now increasingly enunciated. This paper looks at one specific standard-setting instrument, the 1997 UNESCO "Recommendation concerning the status of higher education teaching personnel," and compliance with…

Page, James S.

2007-01-01

477

Creating and Teaching a Web-Based, University-Level Introductory Chemistry Course that Incorporates Laboratory Exercises and Active Learning Pedagogies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introductory, nonscience-majors chemistry course was converted to a Web-based course. The differences in student populations, teaching strategies, laboratory methods, and learning outcomes are described. Practical information is also given on the use of software and other online technology to implement course conversion. (Contains 2 tables.)

Phipps, Linda R.

2013-01-01

478

Using a Standardized Video-Based Assessment in a University Teacher Education Program to Examine Preservice Teachers Knowledge Related to Effective Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Video Assessment of Interactions and Learning (VAIL), a video-based assessment of teacher understanding of effective teaching strategies and behaviors, was administered to preservice teachers. Descriptive and regression analyzes were conducted to examine trends among participants and identify predictors at the individual level and program…

Wiens, Peter D.; Hessberg, Kevin; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; DeCoster, Jamie

2013-01-01

479

Insight: An Annual Collection of Articles on Teaching and Learning by Faculty of the Community Colleges of the State University of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 15 articles on teaching and learning by community college faculty explores the following topics: (1) using modern treatments of standard literary themes and texts to enhance "relevance"; (2) coordination of a course based on Jacob Bronowski's "The Ascent of Man"; (3) planning a "Library Awareness Day"; (4) use of a management…

Burns, Charles A., Ed.

480

Conceptions of teaching held by academic teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines conceptions of teaching held by academic teachers in the fields of science and social science, in two universities: a distance university in the UK and a traditional one in Australia. A five level classification of conceptions of teaching is proposed. A process of arriving at this scheme is discussed and a formalised coding system is presented which

Katherine Samuelowicz; John D. Bain

1992-01-01

481

Benchmarking Learning and Teaching: Developing a Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To develop a method for benchmarking teaching and learning in response to an institutional need to validate a new program in Dentistry at the University of Sydney, Australia. Design/methodology/approach: After a collaborative partner, University of Adelaide, was identified, the areas of teaching and learning to be benchmarked, PBL…

Henderson-Smart, Cheryl; Winning, Tracey; Gerzina, Tania; King, Shalinie; Hyde, Sarah

2006-01-01

482

A Professional Development Teaching Course for Science Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the majority of the teaching faculty at U.S. universities is composed of people who are scientific experts, research has found that most scientists do not have information about effective teaching methods (DeHaan 2005). Traditional lecture-style college science teaching does not reflect knowledge about best teaching practices based upon…

Baumgartner, Erin

2007-01-01

483

My thoughts on teaching.  

PubMed

The Pfizer Distinguished Teacher Award, presented annually to a faculty member at each college or school of veterinary medicine in the United States, is the most prestigious teaching award in veterinary medicine. Originally this award was known as the Norden Award, named in honor of Carl J. Norden, founder of Norden Laboratories, but since 1963 it has been sponsored by Pfizer Animal Health. Awardees are selected by their individual colleges and schools based on the following criteria: teaching excellence in lectures, laboratories, and/or clinical settings; support of student learning and development outside of traditional venues, such as by counseling, advising of specialty clubs, and so on (extracurricular activities); and character and leadership. Students, peers, and administrators provide input into the various criteria. Each of the 28 colleges or schools of veterinary medicine in the United States is invited to submit the dossier of their awardee to a national selection committee sponsored by the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC). It gives me great pleasure to note that the committee has awarded the 2008 Pfizer Teaching Award to Dr. Bonnie Smith, Associate Professor of Anatomy, Embryology, and Physiology at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine (VMRCVM) at Virginia Tech. Dr. Smith began her faculty service at VMRCVM in 1991, and previous to that spent four years on the faculty at North Carolina State University. Her ability to make a positive impact in the lives of students and their learning has become legendary over the years. Likewise, as a member of the Curriculum Board (Committee) and serving on various course design teams, Dr. Smith has been a steadying force in guiding the curriculum through various iterations. Helping students and faculty keep a sense of balance throughout these changes has been one of her major contributions. As a testament to her long-term teaching excellence, Dr. Bonnie Smith has received at least 22 different awards and citations for teaching excellence, two of which came very early in her career while she was at North Carolina State University. Most notable among these many awards is the fact that she is now a three-time recipient of the Pfizer Teaching Award. Dr. Smith has also been nominated by Student AVMA for a Teaching Excellence Award in Basic Sciences and has received an Honorable Mention, Teacher of the Year Award from the AVMA. Additionally, she has received an Alumni Teaching Award and a University Award for Teaching Excellence, and she has been elected to the Virginia Tech Academy of Teaching Excellence. Each of these three awards recognizes the best educators on Virginia Tech's faculty. Students have been very articulate in their praise of Dr. Smith's teaching. The comments received include "She has developed a unique teaching style that infuses traditional lectures with her unrelenting energy while never sacrificing content or complexity" and "She approaches the material from many angles, with clear verbalization of concepts, creatively utilizing stories and metaphors for clarification." Finally, a very fitting comment that illustrates her impact on her students: "Outside the classroom, Dr. Smith also influences many of us by serving as a strong female role model. In the face of life's hardships, she perseveres with an unshakably positive spirit. She encourages us to excel in all we do within the walls of our school and in our own lives." Peers have likewise been most complimentary of Dr. Smith's abilities as an educator. Examples from her nomination packet include the following: "Dr. Smith is truly a Master Teacher of the college. She has consistently demonstrated exemplary qualities of teaching, dedication and work ethic. She has received every teaching award the College has to offer and is consistently recognized by students, peers and the University" and "She epitomizes the qualities we have come to associate with teaching excellence. First and foremost is her dedication and c

Smith, Bonnie J

2009-01-01

484

Unconditional Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching the whole child requires that one accept students for who they are rather than for what they do. The effect of unconditional teaching on students and also the conditions that help students flourish and that discourage them are discussed.

Kohn, Alfie

2005-01-01

485

Improving the teaching quality of Organic Chemistry by adopting some modern teaching methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper first gives a description of the tertiary education context in China, which has been greatly influenced by examination-oriented policies. The current curriculum of Organic Chemistry and the teaching strategy for Organic Chemistry in Huazhong Agricultural University have also been reviewed. To improve the quality of teaching and learning, some modern teaching theories and strategies have been discussed. A

Hong Jiang

2004-01-01

486

A Reflection on the Teaching Practice through Substitute Teaching Model and Its Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Teaching practice through substitute teaching" is an educational innovation with Chinese characteristics. It is a model of aid that is effective when applied to the educational and teaching resources of the poverty-stricken regions and also serves as an important reform in the internship system of normal university students. The priority of…

Yahui, Ran; Cuiqiu, Bao

2008-01-01

487

Advancing the Culture of Teaching on Campus: How a Teaching Center Can Make a Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by the director and staff of the first, and one of the largest, teaching centers in American higher education--the University of Michigan's Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT)--this book offers a unique perspective on the strategies for making a teaching center integral to an institution's educational mission. It presents a…

Cook, Constance, Ed.; Kaplan, Matthew, Ed.

2011-01-01

488

Teaching portfolios: A strategy for developing learning and teaching in preservice education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching portfolios have been used in the preservice teacher education program at Monash University to help student teachers to reflect on their learning about learning and teaching and to help them to convey this to others. The portfolio is an open-ended and un-graded task designed to explore teaching from many different vantage points. It is organised as a dynamic assessment

John Loughran; Deborah Corrigan

1995-01-01

489

An Analysis of Teaching Competencies of Junior Faculty with Different Levels of Graduate Teaching Assistant Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This casual-comparative study was conducted to determine the professional development needs of teaching faculty with fewer than 6 years of university teaching experience (n = 67). Faculty were compared on the level of teaching assistantship responsibility during their graduate degree program. The purpose of this article is to provide faculty…

Thoron, Andrew C.; Myers, Brian E.; Harder, Amy; Stedman, Nicole; Roberts, T. Grady

2012-01-01

490

Teaching Biochemistry at Lisbon University--Facing the Challenge of the Bologna Declaration in the 25th Anniversary of the Biochemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The biochemistry degree has been taught at Lisbon University for 25 years. Since its creation, the curriculum is characterized for being widely eclectic and multidisciplinary. The adoption of the concepts proposed in Europe by the Declaration of Bologna and incorporation of these ideas at Lisbon University is discussed here for the biochemistry…

Farinha, Carlos M.; Freire, Ana Ponces

2007-01-01

491

An Exploration of the Instructional Practices of Former University Elementary Education Students: Are Research-Based Practices for Teaching Reading Being Implemented in Their Elementary Classrooms?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the instructional reading practices of four elementary teachers, all graduates of a small branch campus of a large Midwestern University, who obtained their Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education and have been employed in public elementary schools for nearly three years. The four individuals were former university students of…

Covault, Jacquelyn M.

2011-01-01

492

The Evolution of Electronic Pedagogy in an Outcome Based Learning Environment: Learning, Teaching, and the Culture of Technology at California's Newest University--CSU Monterey Bay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State University Monterey Bay (CSUMB) is the newest university in the CSU system. CSUMB's vision statement distinguishes the institution from others in the system by promoting learning paradigms of Outcome Based Education (OBE) and communication technologies of distributed learning (DL). Faculty are committed to the experimental use of…

Baldwin, George

493

Strategies for Teaching Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

No matter whether you are teaching school children, undergraduates, or colleagues, a few key strategies are always useful. I will present and give examples for the following five key strategies for teaching astronomy. 1. Provide a Contextual Framework: It is much easier to learn new facts or concepts if they can be ``binned" into some kind of pre-existing mental framework. Unless your listeners are already familiar with the basic ideas of modern astronomy (such as the hierarchy of structure in the universe, the scale of the universe, and the origin of the universe), you must provide this before going into the details of how we've developed this modern picture through history. 2. Create Conditions for Conceptual Change: Many people hold misconceptions about astronomical ideas. Therefore we cannot teach them the correct ideas unless we first help them unlearn their prior misconceptions. 3. Make the Material Relevant: It's human nature to be more interested in subjects that seem relevant to our lives. Therefore we must always show students the many connections between astronomy and their personal concerns, such as emphasizing how we are ``star stuff" (in the words of Carl Sagan), how studying other planets helps us understand our own, and so on. 4. Limit Use of Jargon: The number of new terms in many introductory astronomy books is larger than the number of words taught in many first courses in foreign language. This means the books are essentially teaching astronomy in a foreign language, which is a clear recipe for failure. We must find ways to replace jargon with plain language. 5. Challenge Your Students: Don't dumb your teaching down; by and large, students will rise to meet your expectations, as long as you follow the other strategies and practice good teaching.

Bennett, J.

2000-12-01

494

Teaching the Teachers  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, topics, methods, and intensity of ongoing faculty development (FD) in teaching skills. DESIGN Mailed survey. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred and seventy-seven of the 386 (72%) U.S. teaching hospitals with internal medicine residency programs. MEASUREMENTS Prevalence and characteristics of ongoing FD. RESULTS One hundred and eight teaching hospitals (39%) reported ongoing FD. Hospitals with a primary medical school affiliation (university hospitals) were more likely to have ongoing FD than nonuniversity hospitals. For nonuniversity hospitals, funding from the Health Resources Services Administration and >50 house staff were associated with ongoing FD. For university hospitals, >100 department of medicine faculty was associated. Ongoing programs included a mean of 10.4 topics (standard deviation, 5.4). Most offered half-day workshops (80%), but 22% offered ?1-month programs. Evaluations were predominantly limited to postcourse evaluations forms. Only 14% of the hospitals with ongoing FD (5% of all hospitals) had “advanced” programs, defined as offering ?10 topics, lasting >2 days, and using ?3 experiential teaching methods. These were significantly more likely to be university hospitals and to offer salary support and/or protected time to their FD instructors. Generalists and hospital-based faculty were more likely to receive training than subspecialist and community-based faulty. Factors facilitating participation in FD activities were supervisor attitudes, FD expertise, and institutional culture. CONCLUSIONS A minority of U.S. teaching hospitals offer ongoing faculty development in teaching skills. Continued progress will likely require increased institutional commitment, improved evaluations, and adequate resources, particularly FD instructors and funding.

Clark, Jeanne M; Houston, Thomas K; Kolodner, Ken; Branch, William T; Levine, Rachel B; Kern, David E

2004-01-01

495

University Freedom in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Freedom means the right of the universities to do their scientific activities and to regulate and do the higher education through their organs. The three feet that make up the university freedom are scientific freedom, administrative freedom and financial freedom. Scientific freedom is realized by the freedom of the faculty and teaching staff and…

Dolasir, Semiyha

2006-01-01

496

Scaling Down The Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A unit intended to teach children the size and scale of the Universe. Through hands-on manipulatives the students proceed in sequential stages to create four models, beginning with the Solar System and ending with the entire Universe. They also learn the distance of a light year.

Leger, Victor

2007-03-29

497

Teaching ESL in Communist Czechoslovakia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several aspects of living and teaching in Czechoslovakia are presented from the point of view of a 1983 Fulbright lecturer at Comenius University in Bratislava. Included are a brief history of Czechoslovakia, details of the University degree program, time commitment expected of instructors, observations on Czechoslovakian students and Vietnamese…

Neufeld, Jacqueline K.

498

Building capacity to develop an African teaching platform on health workforce development: a collaborative initiative of universities from four sub Saharan countries  

PubMed Central

Introduction Health systems in many low-income countries remain fragile, and the record of human resource planning and management in Ministries of Health very uneven. Public health training institutions face the dual challenge of building human resources capacity in ministries and health services while alleviating and improving their own capacity constraints. This paper reports on an initiative aimed at addressing this dual challenge through the development and implementation of a joint Masters in Public Health (MPH) programme with a focus on health workforce development by four academic institutions from East and Southern Africa and the building of a joint teaching platform. Methods Data were obtained through interviews and group discussions with stakeholders, direct and participant observations, and reviews of publications and project documents. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Case description The institutions developed and collaboratively implemented a ‘Masters Degree programme with a focus on health workforce development’. It was geared towards strengthening the leadership capacity of Health ministries to develop expertise in health human resources (HRH) planning and management, and simultaneously build capacity of faculty in curriculum development and innovative educational practices to teach health workforce development. The initiative was configured to facilitate sharing of experience and resources. Discussion The implementation of this initiative has been complex, straddling multiple and changing contexts, actors and agendas. Some of these are common to postgraduate programmes with working learners, while others are unique to this particular partnership, such as weak institutional capacity to champion and embed new programmes and approaches to teaching. Conclusions The partnership, despite significant inherent challenges, has potential for providing real opportunities for building the field and community of practice, and strengthening the staff and organizational capacity of participant institutions. Key learning points of the paper are: • the need for long-term strategies and engagement; • the need for more investment and attention to developing the capacity of academic institutions; • the need to invest specifically in educational/teaching expertise for innovative approaches to teaching and capacity development more broadly; and • the importance of increasing access and support for students who are working adults in public health institutions throughout Africa.

2014-01-01

499

Understanding Science: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of science is diverse and fascinating, but traditional methods of teaching sometimes don't do it justice. This site from the University of California helps teachers help their students become fascinated by the process of scientific discovery. The site contains several "teachers' lounges" where educators can share information, resources, and also learn about new pedagogical developments and innovations. Visitors shouldn't miss the Guide to Understanding Science 101, which includes answers to questions like What is science? and so on. Moving on, the site also contains other areas, including Correcting Misconceptions, Teaching Tools, and Conceptual Framework, which helps educators identify age-appropriate learning goals.

500

Teaching English as a Foreign Language in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history and current status of teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) in China, including problems, solutions, and overall objectives of TEFL, are discussed as well as teaching methods used in middle schools, colleges, and universities. (Author/CB)

Keqiang, Wang

1986-01-01