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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... brands of disposable diapers or baby wipes. Plastic pants that fit over diapers raise the temperature and ... your baby's skin from moisture. Avoid using plastic pants or diapers with plastic edges. After bathing, pat ...

2

Using 'Decision-Making Tools' for Business Investments: Feasibility Analysis for Baby Diaper Production - A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feasibility study is used to determine the probable success of a new business. Feasibility studies save money and ensure that available funds go further. Some of the most common tools of 'decision making' have been employed and a feasibility analysis for 'baby diaper production' is carried out in this study. SWOT analysis to baby diaper market segment, business portfolio

Türkay Dereli

2009-01-01

3

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... diaper wipes that have no fragrances or extra additives or even use simply water and clean washcloths. Applying a barrier cream, such as one with zinc oxide in it, to the diaper area will help reduce friction and skin contact with urine and stool. If possible, allow ...

4

Clinical correlates with diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Three types of clinical studies were carried out to better understand diaper dermatitis in a general infant population. In 'snapshot' clinical studies, skin condition under the diaper was evaluated at a given point in time across a large base of infants. Correlations were sought between diaper dermatitis incidence and severity and a number of factors, including sex, diet, maturity, type of diaper, history of allergy, contact with fecal matter, presence of Candida albicans, and diaper change frequency. Severe diaper rash correlated strongly with the presence of C. albicans, and the frequency of rash correlated with duration of contact with feces and inversely with diaper change frequency. Diaper rash peaked at ages 9-12 months and was lower for breast-fed than for formula-fed infants. Exclusive use of disposable diapers correlated with lower rash levels than when some or all cloth diapers were used. In a longitudinal study, infants were observed daily for 50 days in order to determine the frequency and duration of rash episodes. In this study, the tendency for some infants to be rash-prone was clearly indicated. In a third type of study, over 10,000 infant visits to physicians' offices were used to record skin condition. Results showed a three-to fourfold increase in diaper rash if the child had diarrhea during the previous 48 h. PMID:3299331

Benjamin, L

1987-01-01

5

Diaper Dermatitis: Differential Diagnosis and Management  

PubMed Central

Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common dermatoses occurring in infancy. It is an irritant dermatitis, in which a variety of factors act in concert to produce inflammation of the diapered skin. The differential diagnosis includes many common and some uncommon conditions. Successful treatment requires detailed instructions to caregivers regarding simple hygienic procedures and diapering practices. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2

Kellen, Philippa E.

1990-01-01

6

Go Naked: Diapers Affect Infant Walking  

PubMed Central

In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants’ poor balance and wide stance. We show that walking is adversely affected by old-fashioned cloth diapers, and that even modern disposable diapers—habitually worn by most infants in the sample—incur a cost relative to walking naked. Infants displayed less mature gait patterns and more missteps and falls while wearing diapers. Thus, infants’ own diapers constitute an on-going biomechanical perturbation while learning to walk. Furthermore, shifts in diapering practices may have contributed to historical and cross-cultural differences in infant walking.

Cole, Whitney G.; Lingeman, Jesse M.; Adolph, Karen E.

2013-01-01

7

Go naked: diapers affect infant walking.  

PubMed

In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants' poor balance and wide stance. We show that walking is adversely affected by old-fashioned cloth diapers, and that even modern disposable diapers - habitually worn by most infants in the sample - incur a cost relative to walking naked. Infants displayed less mature gait patterns and more missteps and falls while wearing diapers. Thus, infants' own diapers constitute an ongoing biomechanical perturbation while learning to walk. Furthermore, shifts in diapering practices may have contributed to historical and cross-cultural differences in infant walking. PMID:23106732

Cole, Whitney G; Lingeman, Jesse M; Adolph, Karen E

2012-09-07

8

Care of the Migrant Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

9

Diaper performance: maintenance of healthy skin.  

PubMed

Skin wetness is proportional to diaper wetness, and with increased skin wetness, the potential for diaper dermatitis is increased. This study evaluated a wide range of infant diaper products. Eighty healthy volunteers wore 2-inch wetted diaper patches on their volar forearm for two hours. An evaporimeter was used to measure excess skin wetness attributed to the patches. The amount of moisture retained in the patch was also calculated. We found that superabsorbent (SA) disposable diapers kept the skin drier and retained more synthetic urine than cloth reusable and conventional disposable brands, and thus have the greatest potential for helping prevent diaper dermatitis. The SA brands evaluated did an equally adequate job in keeping the skin dry and in retaining moisture. Conventional disposable diapers were less able to keep the skin dry than SA diapers and were not superior to cloth products in most instances. Cloth diapers' performance depended on their composition. Those with several layers of the same fabric were less successful in keeping the skin dry than ones that contained middle layers of different nonwoven components. PMID:2247384

Wilson, P A; Dallas, M J

1990-09-01

10

[A case of diaper fetishism].  

PubMed

Some people cannot obtain satisfaction from ordinary sexual relationships; instead they prefer alternative methods. They are referred to in psychiatric terminology as paraphiliacs. Fetishism is a type of paraphilia in which a person is sexually attracted to objects and some body parts. Most fetishists do not intend to cause harm to other people, but may have problems when others become involved in the problem. Underlying personality disorders extending through childhood are thought to be the source of the etiology. Perverted people do not wish to change their behavior pattern. They never seek treatment from a therapist. Psychological issues obviously play a crucial role in determining the choice of paraphilia and the underlying meaning of the sexual acts. Psychodynamic models (object relations theory, self psychology, drive theory) can shed light on the meaning of a perversion. In this case report, a 22- year-old man with diaper fetishism is presented. When family dynamics are considered, the mother has been described as psychologically distant from her son. The fetish object was recognized during childhood at around the age of four. During puberty, the fetish object became sexually attractive. Our patient exhibited his first perverted behavior when he was six years old. Later, he could control this behavior. At the age of twelve, the perverted behavior became sexually arousing. This paper emphasizes the diaper fetishism case through the patient's past psychiatric and medical history. Diaper fetishism is discussed in the light of forensic, cognitive and psychodynamic theories. PMID:15981151

O?uz, Nihan; Uygur, Niyazi

2005-01-01

11

Go Naked: Diapers Affect Infant Walking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants' poor balance and wide stance. We show that…

Cole, Whitney G.; Lingeman, Jesse M.; Adolph, Karen E.

2012-01-01

12

Go Naked: Diapers Affect Infant Walking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants' poor balance and wide stance. We show that…

Cole, Whitney G.; Lingeman, Jesse M.; Adolph, Karen E.

2012-01-01

13

Do Baby Wet Wipes Change Periurethral Aerobic Flora?  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY: There is massive enteric bacterial colonization in the periurethral region during infancy. Fecal soiling is considered to be responsible for this colonization. We hypothesized that baby wet wipes containing chemical cleansing compounds, which are used for the cleaning of babies after diaper soiling, could be a contribut- ing factor in this colonization. Thus, the effect on periurethral flora of

Dursun A. Senses; C. Elif Öztürk; Nese Ersöz Yar; Selda Acar; Talat Bahçebas; Kenan Kocabay; Demet Kaya

14

Extended diaper wearing: effects on continence in and out of the diaper.  

PubMed Central

Diaper use is widespread and possibly even increasing across diverse populations in the United States, ranging from infants to very old adults. We found no reports of an experimental analysis of the effect of wearing diapers on the frequency of urinary accidents and the attainment of continence skills (e.g., urinating in the toilet). In this study, we used a withdrawal design to evaluate the effect of wearing diapers on daily urinary accidents and successful voids for an adult who had been diagnosed with mental retardation. Results indicated that wearing diapers increased the rate of accidents and decreased the rate of successful voids. Clinical implications of these results are discussed.

Tarbox, Rachel S; Williams, W Larry; Friman, Patrick C

2004-01-01

15

Diaper industry workshop identifies research needs to minimize environmental impacts.  

PubMed

The diaper industry workshop focused on four important issues: public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis techniques. A majority of participants believed that the health and safety issues related to diapers currently receive more public scrutiny than is warranted. They concluded that there is probably no significant public health and safety problems related specifically to diaper handling, recycling, or disposal in properly operated and constructed landfills. Because diaper disposal is a highly visible public issue, however, more definitive health and safety studies should be conducted on the handling and processing of diapers. This would clearly enable public health officials to define any health and safety issues related to diaper handling and to dispel unwarranted fears about health problems associated with diapers. PMID:1777227

1991-10-01

16

Baby Stealing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of 13 cases of baby stealing by women distinguished four groups of cases. (1) Girls of subnormal intelligence, who stole a baby to play with. (2) Schizophrenic patients, whose offence was motivated by delusional ideas. (3) Psychopathic personalities, characterized by a previous history of delinquency, hysterical personality traits, and a preoccupation with their desire to have children. Their baby

P. T. DOrbán

1972-01-01

17

Baby universes.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Topology change and third quantization in 0+1 dimensions. 3. Third quantization in 3+1 dimensions. 4. Parent and baby universes. 5. Instantons - from quantum mechanics to quantum gravity. 6. The axion model and the instanton approximation. 7. The cosmological constant: the Hawking-Baum argument; baby universes and Coleman's argument.

Strominger, A.

18

Baby universes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Topology change and third quantization in 0+1 dimensions. 3. Third quantization in 3+1 dimensions. 4. Parent and baby universes. 5. Instantons - from quantum mechanics to quantum gravity. 6. The axion model and the instanton approximation. 7. The cosmological constant: the Hawking-Baum argument; baby universes and Coleman's argument.

A. Strominger

1991-01-01

19

Stop Disease: Diapering Procedures = Alto a las Enfermedades: Procedimientos para Cambiar Panales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of disease in California child care programs, this set of laminated procedure pages, in English and Spanish versions, details infant and child care procedures for safe diapering. The document delineates important rules about diapering, gives directions for making a disinfecting solution, and provides…

California Child Care Health Program, Oakland.

20

Towards developing effective Continence Management through wetness alert diaper: Experiences, lessons learned, challenges and future directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incontinence is one of the major healthcare issues in everyday nursing care especially for frail elderly and patients with dementia (PWD) in nursing homes. Urinary incontinence and diaper use are prevalent in PWD due to decline in intellect and physical activities. They may lie in soiled diapers for prolonged periods resulting in indignity, discomfort, skin breakdowns and bedsores. In order

Aung Aung Phyo Wai; Siang Fook Foo; M. Jayachandran; J. Biswas; C. Nugent; M. Mulvenna; Daqing Zhang; D. Craig; P. Passmore; Jer-En Lee; P. Yap

2010-01-01

21

Stop Disease: Diapering Procedures = Alto a las Enfermedades: Procedimientos para Cambiar Panales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of disease in California child care programs, this set of laminated procedure pages, in English and Spanish versions, details infant and child care procedures for safe diapering. The document delineates important rules about diapering, gives directions for making a disinfecting solution, and provides…

California Child Care Health Program, Oakland.

22

Comparison of the Effect of Human Milk and Topical Hydrocortisone 1% on Diaper Dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin problems in infants and children, affecting between 7% and 35% of infants. This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of hydrocortisone 1% ointment with that of human breast milk in treating acute diaper dermatitis in infants ages 0 to 24 months. Infants with diaper rash were treated with either hydrocortisone 1% ointment (n = 70) or human breast milk (n = 71) for 7 days. Improvement in the rash from baseline was seen in both treatment groups on days 3 and 7; there was no significant difference in total rash scores on days 3 and 7. Treatment with human breast milk was as effective as hydrocortisone 1% ointment alone. Human breast milk is an effective and safe treatment for diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:23600719

Farahani, Leila Amiri; Ghobadzadeh, Maryam; Yousefi, Parsa

2013-04-22

23

Meeting basic needs: Health and safety practices in feeding and diapering infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Diapering and feeding are two vitally important routines in meeting basic needs of infants. Such routine times provide opportunities\\u000a for enhancing infants' development through interaction with others. Feeding and diapering times are ideal for one-to-one interaction\\u000a with infants. Caregivers are encouraged to speak directly with children, asking questions and responding to infant vocalizations\\u000a with verbal and nonverbal (e.g., smile, head

Janis Warrick; Mary Kay Helling

1997-01-01

24

Diaper Type as a Risk Factor in Urinary Tract Infection of Children  

PubMed Central

Objective Urinary tract is one of the most common sources of infection in children under the age of two years. Many known and unknown risk factors predispose to this important disease in children. This study was conducted to determine whether using a specific type of diaper plays a role in urinary tract infection (UTI) in girls under the age of 2 years. Methods This case control study was performed in hospitalized children; girls with their first urinary tract infection were selected as cases, and those admitted for other reasons comprised the control group. Two groups were matched for age (±1 month), and other known risk factors for UTI. Type of diapers (superabsorbent, standard disposable and washable cotton), used for these children during six months, from October 2007 to March 2008, were compared in both groups. Findings 59 matched pair infant girls less than 2 years were selected. It was revealed that in cases with UTI superabsorbent diapers were used more frequently than in controls (Odds ratio=3.29, P-value=0.005) There were no significant differences in other factors like number of diapers used per day, the time between defecation and diaper change, mothers’ educational level, level of family income and mother's occupation. Conclusion The use of superabsorbent diapers could be a risk factor for urinary tract infection in infant girls.

Fahimzad, Alireza; Taherian, Masoomeh; Dalirani, Reza; Shamshiri, Ahmadreza

2010-01-01

25

Selected Farm Machinery Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Domestic sales and exports of U.S. farm machinery have fallen since 1981 due to weak farm economies at home and abroad. In the United States, gross capital expenditures for new and used farm machinery skyrocketed during the 1970's, peaked in 1979 at $11.8...

M. Hanthorn C. Sisco

1986-01-01

26

Baby feeding patterns  

MedlinePLUS

... milk is digested more rapidly than cow's milk formula. Breastfed babies usually require feeding every 1 - 3 ... becoming engorged and stopping the production of milk. Formula-fed babies usually require feeding about every 2 - ...

27

Your Premature Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... stay warm. Can breastfeed or bottle-feed Gains weight steadily (1/2 to 1 ounce each day) Can breathe on his own Your baby may need special equipment , treatment or medicine after he leaves the hospital . Your baby’s provider and the staff ...

28

The Physics of Babies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the 2011 birth of my daughter I have been a 100% as a stay-at-home dad and 50% researcher. My ``Routine Adventures'' in the baby universe are the subject of this fun talk that presents the unique challenges of baby physics. Topics include ``Schroedinger's Baby'' and ``The Entropy of Rice.''

Shemella, Philip

2013-03-01

29

The New Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for beginning readers tells the story of a South African priest and his wife who are ashamed when their daughter tells them she is going to have a baby. They refuse to have anything to do with her when she is pregnant. However, when the baby comes, everything changes and they come to accept and love the baby. Large black and white…

Brain, Helen

30

The cost-effectiveness of disposable versus reusable diapers. A controlled experiment in a nursing home.  

PubMed

Because caring for incontinent elderly in nursing homes is so time-consuming and costly, this topic is of interest to nursing home administrators. A comparison of disposable products with reusable cloth diapers suggests that the disposable product used in the controlled study could save nursing homes approximately $161 to $248 per year per person. Although product costs were similar, the cost savings on laundry favored the disposable product. The study found the disposable product superior to the cloth reusable diaper after the skin condition of the participants was measured. PMID:2303672

Hu, T W; Kaltreider, D L; Igou, J

1990-02-01

31

"JCE" Classroom Activity #106. Sequestration of Divalent Metal Ion by Superabsorbent Polymer in Diapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity explores an alternative use of a superabsorbent polymer known as a water absorbing material. A dilute solution of CuCl[subscript 2] is treated with a small piece of unused disposable diaper containing superabsorbent sodium polyacrylates. The polymer is used for the removal of Cu[superscript 2+] ions from the solution. The…

Chen, Yueh-Huey; Lin, Jia-Ying; Lin, Li-Pin; Liang, Han; Yaung, Jing-Fun

2010-01-01

32

No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a…

Schiller, Ellen; Yezierski, Ellen

2009-01-01

33

Relaunching Adult Diapers in India—Has the Time Come?&ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case is about the dilemma faced by Supriya, the product manager at Kimberly Clark Lever Private Ltd, India (KCLL). She has to prepare a business plan for the relaunch of adult diapers called ‘Depend’. The same product was introduced into the market in the late 1990s but was later revoked because of poor performance. The case discusses details of

Ajit Patil; Rahul Srinivasan

2006-01-01

34

No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a…

Schiller, Ellen; Yezierski, Ellen

2009-01-01

35

Interactive Autonomous Baby Sitting Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a baby sitting robot system, which has the capabilities of baby tracking , cry signal processing, map building and obstacle avoidance, path planning, entertain the baby or alarm the guardian if any defined anomalies found and voice interaction. For that purpose, the baby sitting robot system has a capability to track and follow the baby with obstacle

M. F. M. Cader; N. Iynkaran; T. Uthayasanker; S. R. Munasinghe

2006-01-01

36

Pulp, Paper Machinery - Sweden.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Sweden for pulp and paper machinery; to examine growth trends in Swedish end-user industries over the next few years; to identify specific product categories t...

1982-01-01

37

Birds, Bees and Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a study designed to determine which particular aspects of pregnancy, birth, and babies were of most interest to 8-year-old children. Children were interested in details of a baby's behavior and development as well as the impact of its arrival on the parents. There were distinct gender differences in those topics, which particularly…

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

1997-01-01

38

Birds, Bees and Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study designed to determine which particular aspects of pregnancy, birth, and babies were of most interest to 8-year-old children. Children were interested in details of a baby's behavior and development as well as the impact of its arrival on the parents. There were distinct gender differences in those topics, which particularly…

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

1997-01-01

39

Electrometric assessment of the effect of a zinc oxide paste in diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis affects nearly 50% of infants as well as some bed-ridden adults particularly in the elderly people. This condition is induced by irritation and maceration, and may be further exacerbated by Candida sp. colonization and infection. A key factor in the pathogenesis is the alteration in both the barrier function and the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of an unmedicated zinc oxide-petrolatum paste and to observe for possible shielding and restoring effects on the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum altered by diaper dermatitis. The paste appeared to load the hollow skin microrelief. It was inferred that this effect was responsible for a reticulated shielding effect. Compared with healthy skin and untreated diaper dermatitis, the application of the anhydrous paste resulted in a trend to normalize electrometric properties of skin reflecting the combination of transepidermal water loss and the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum. PMID:19467034

Xhauflaire-Uhoda, E; Henry, F; Piérard-Franchimont, C; Piérard, G E

2009-05-13

40

Baby Brain Map  

MedlinePLUS

... CONNECT WITH ZTT! HOME BEHAVIOR & DEVELOPMENT MALTREATMENT CARE & EDUCATION PUBLIC POLICY ABOUT US Behavior & Development Brain Development Challenging Behavior Early Childhood Mental Health Early Development From Baby to Big ...

41

Once Baby Arrives  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... bacteria from a baby's mouth can be introduced into the bottle during feeding; they can grow and multiply even after refrigeration (some bacteria ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/peopleatrisk

42

Immunizations for Preterm Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... have a greater chance of having disease-related problems. All of the available vaccines are safe when given to preterm and low birth weight babies. Any side effects associated with the vaccines are similar in both full-term ...

43

Baby's First Test  

MedlinePLUS

... First Test Learn about our initiative. » View more Innovation in Newborn Screening The latest research, news and funding opportunities » View more Innovation About Baby's First Test Contact Us Health Disclaimer ...

44

Burping Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... tends to be gassy, spits a lot, has gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) , or seems fussy during feeding, try burping your ... longer if your baby spits up or has GERD) after feeding to help prevent the milk from ...

45

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the north span. Note bell with continuous operating clapper for use as fog signals. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

46

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the south span. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

47

On the death of a baby.  

PubMed

Andrew was a desperately premature baby weighing under two pounds. He died after months of "heroic' efforts in an intensive care facility. The story of his short cruel institutionalised life is a case study in the limits and excesses of modern medicine. The night he told us our son Andrew was about to die the doctor who had taken charge of him six months before also told us we were "intellectually tight' that we had "no feelings only thoughts and words and strategies'. We were "bad parents'. As the parents of a five-year-old daughter we knew the love a mother and father feels for children. Yet as Andrew's parents we were used to condemnation and insult. Andrew was a baby born 15 weeks prematurely weighing only 1lb 12oz and in a state of painful deterioration almost from the start. We wanted him to be allowed to die a natural death. Andrew's story is the story of what can happen when a baby becomes hopelessly entrapped in an intensive care unit where the machinery is more sophisticated than the code of law and ethics governing its use. The letter printed below was sent to the administrator and numerous personnel of the hospital that controlled the life and death of our son. The physician-in-chief of that hospital characterised it as a "carefully documented critique'. The letter appear here somewhat edited and abridged and the names of people and institutions have been changed all but our own. It is the personal record of what happened to our baby and to us. PMID:7205897

Stinson, R; Stinson, P

1981-03-01

48

PM—Power and Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing importance of detrimental vibrations on mobile machinery, magnified by increasing working speed, emphasises the need to evolve from static to dynamic design of mechanical systems. Simulators are an indispensable tool to study present-day machinery dynamics in a repeatable way, under controlled laboratory conditions. The kinematic and dynamic aspects of a shaker design become more and more complex, as

I. Hostens; J. Anthonis; P. Kennes; H. Ramon

2000-01-01

49

Mom and Baby Skin Care  

MedlinePLUS

... and baby skin care Mom and baby skin care Skin care concerns during and after pregnancy Melasma Also known ... chilled product can help alleviate the itch. Hair care concerns during and after pregnancy Excessive hair growth ...

50

MACHINERY RESONANCE AND DRILLING  

SciTech Connect

New developments in vibration analysis better explain machinery resonance, through an example of drill bit chattering during machining of rusted steel. The vibration of an operating drill motor was measured, the natural frequency of an attached spring was measured, and the two frequencies were compared to show that the system was resonant. For resonance to occur, one of the natural frequencies of a structural component must be excited by a cyclic force of the same frequency. In this case, the frequency of drill bit chattering due to motor rotation equaled the spring frequency (cycles per second), and the system was unstable. A soft rust coating on the steel to be drilled permitted chattering to start at the drill bit tip, and the bit oscillated on and off of the surface, which increased the wear rate of the drill bit. This resonant condition is typically referred to as a motor critical speed. The analysis presented here quantifies the vibration associated with this particular critical speed problem, using novel techniques to describe resonance.

Leishear, R.; Fowley, M.

2010-01-23

51

Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

2009-01-01

52

Bah's Baby Brother Is Born.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This illustrated story, written for Native American children, stresses the importance of not drinking alcohol and taking care of oneself during pregnancy. The story centers on Bah, a young Native American girl whose mother is going to have a baby. Bah is very excited about getting a baby brother or sister and wants the baby to be healthy and…

Tapahonso, Luci

53

The amazing baby brain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you were watching television with the sound turned off, do you think you could tell what language the actors were speaking in? Babies can, according to new research. At least, they can tell whether a face is speaking their native language or a foreign language.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS;)

2007-05-25

54

Baby Bath Basics  

MedlinePLUS

... eyes. Do I need a special type of soap? There's no need to use special soap for a baby bath. In fact, plain water ... for newborns. When needed, use a mild moisturizing soap. Avoid bubble bath and scented soaps. Will lotion ...

55

The water babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A children's classic, from the moment of its publication in 1863, Charles Kingsley's The Water-Babies seems since World War I to have first lost ground, and then, since watching television took the place of reading for entertainment, to have disappeared from children's knowledge. It seems also to have lost the esteem it once enjoyed from grown-ups owing to its having

Q D Leavis

1976-01-01

56

Food safety for babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young babies are vulnerable to food-borne disease. Examines the results of a questionnaire survey of parents and carers in day nurseries to examine the practices used to sterilize feeding equipment, reconstitute infant milk feeds and prepare weaning foods. Reports on observations of infant feeding practices carried out in six day nurseries. Standards of food handling in the nurseries were high

Denise Worsfold

1996-01-01

57

Electroslag Welding on Hydraulic Machinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The use of consumable guide electroslag welding process with components for hydraulic machinery having curved and profiled seams is described. Tests were carried out to optimize the welding parameters and the mechanical properties of welding joints with c...

E. Schorer F. J. Edel A. Borontschuk

1983-01-01

58

The Musical Dimension of Daily Routines with Under-Four Children during Diaper Change, Bedtime and Free-Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper deals with an action-research project currently being undertaken at the University of Bologna concerning the observation of music making during daily routines with under-four children during diaper change, bedtime and free-play. Several observational protocols were carried out in natural and spontaneous contexts. The data analysis was…

Addessi, Anna Rita

2009-01-01

59

Baby universe theory.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors give an elementary review of the so called "the theory of baby universes" which is a series of ideas or speculations about some effects in quantum gravity, viz. the effect of a certain type of wormholes, representing the exchange of small 3-space universes called baby universes. They consider this "theory" as being physically and scientifically a very promising candidate for a theory of everything. It is, however, mathematically lacking any strong foundation at all. It solves several fine-tuning problems: First of all the cosmological constant problem, and also the strong CP-problem and the hierarchy problem. The authors also speculate that it might predict the possibility of influencing the probability distributions of the outcome of quantum mechanical measurements at one time by acts at a later time.

Nielsen, H. B.; Ninomiya, M.

1989-12-01

60

Ice, Ice, Baby!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) has developed an outreach program based on hands-on activities called "Ice, Ice, Baby". These lessons are designed to teach the science principles of displacement, forces of motion, density, and states of matter. These properties are easily taught through the interesting topics of glaciers, icebergs, and sea level rise in K-8 classrooms. The activities are fun, engaging, and simple enough to be used at science fairs and family science nights. Students who have participated in "Ice, Ice, Baby" have successfully taught these to adults and students at informal events. The lessons are based on education standards which are available on our website www.cresis.ku.edu. This presentation will provide information on the activities, survey results from teachers who have used the material, and other suggested material that can be used before and after the activities.

Hamilton, C.

2008-12-01

61

Baby walker injuries.  

PubMed

In a study of 49 children between the ages of 8 and 14 months, parents were surveyed with a written questionnaire and a follow-up phone interview to determine the utilization of baby walkers and the frequency and severity of baby walker injuries. Most respondents (86%) placed their children in various types of baby walkers between 4 months and 1 year of age. Half of the 42 infants who used walkers experienced at least one accident involving a tip over, a fall down stairs, or finger entrapment. Two of those accident resulted in injuries serious enough to require medical management. Both infants sustained head and neck injuries after falling down stairs in a walker. Whereas stairway and finger entrapment accidents occurred before the age of 7 months, tip overs were much more likely to occur after the age of 8 months. Injuries are more common but less severe than previously reported. Pediatricians and other child health advocates can inform parents about the health risks, encourage regulatory agencies to improve product labeling, and stimulate manufacturers to adjust the product to age and weight specifications of the growing infant. PMID:7088607

Fazen, L E; Felizberto, P I

1982-07-01

62

A collodion baby with hypothyroidism.  

PubMed

Collodion baby is a rare keratinizing congenital disorder. Although it is milder in degree than harlequin fetus, the infant is at risk for increased water loss, thermal instability, percutaneous toxicity, and infection as a result of an impaired skin barrier function. Here we report on an 11 days-old collodion baby with hypernatremic dehydratation, septicemia and congenital hypothyroidism. To our knowledge congenital hypothyroidism associated with collodion baby is reported in only one case up to date. PMID:20964127

Dogan, D G; Aslan, M; Karabiber, H

2010-01-01

63

Baby-Crying Acceptance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The baby's crying is his most important mean of communication. The crying monitoring performed by devices that have been developed doesn't ensure the complete safety of the child. It is necessary to join, to these technological resources, means of communicating the results to the responsible, which would involve the digital processing of information available from crying. The survey carried out, enabled to understand the level of adoption, in the continental territory of Portugal, of a technology that will be able to do such a digital processing. It was used the TAM as the theoretical referential. The statistical analysis showed that there is a good probability of acceptance of such a system.

Martins, Tiago; de Magalhães, Sérgio Tenreiro

64

Babies by (intelligent) design?  

PubMed

Advances in reproductive technology and genetic interventions raise questions about the possibility of using these procedures to promote the birth of children with socially advantageous conditions. In Babies by Design, Ronald M. Green supports this goal and accuses its opponents of a "status quo bias." Unfortunately, some of Green's own arguments also show a status quo bias. Moreover, although he attempts to avoid the thorny issue of the moral status of human embryos, he implicitly takes a stand on it by endorsing prenatal interventions that inevitably entail the creation and loss of some human embryos. This essay identifies these and other flaws in Green's account. PMID:19013852

Mahowald, Mary B

2008-01-01

65

De (baby) Sitter overlaps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a (1+1)-dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

Benna, Marcus K.

2013-02-01

66

May Babies and Posttenure Babies: Maternal Decisions of Women Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the maternal and career progression decisions of different generations of women professors in Canada. Nineteen women, interviewed in-depth, reveal how they carefully plan childbearing and childrearing experiences around their demanding work schedules, by having May babies or posttenure babies. Results demonstrate the need…

Armenti, Carmen

2004-01-01

67

Alkaptonuria in a Chinese baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

The early clinical signs of alkaptonuria (McKusick 20350), especially darkening of urine, may be missed in babies and children. The disease, inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, is very rare, especially in Chinese. We report a case of alkaptonuria presenting with brownish staining of the overnight napkin, probably the first case report in a Chinese baby proved biochemically. C.W. is

T.-R. Wang; W.-L. Hwu

1989-01-01

68

Growth and the Premature Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable evidence to show that babies born prematurely have poor postnatal growth, and the more premature the baby, the greater the impairment is likely to be and the longer it will persist. Nutrition has been shown to play an important part in this, but adequate nutrition is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve in these infants. In the

A. Gibson; S. Carney; J. K. H. Wales

2006-01-01

69

The musical dimension of daily routines with under?four children during diaper change, bedtime and free?play  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with an action?research project currently being undertaken at the University of Bologna concerning the observation of music making during daily routines with under?four children during diaper change, bedtime and free?play. Several observational protocols were carried out in natural and spontaneous contexts. The data analysis was based on the analysis of video?recordings using an observational grid, check?list and

Anna Rita Addessi

2009-01-01

70

46 CFR 176.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...means of starting machinery; (c) Inspection of all machinery essential to the routine operation of the vessel including generators and cooling systems; (d) External inspection of fuel tanks and inspection of tank vents, piping, and pipe...

2011-10-01

71

Do Baby Crystals Exist?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contrary to the conventional understanding that atomic clusters usually differ in properties and structure from the bulk constituents of which they are comprised, we show that a small cluster containing only four tungsten and twelve oxygen atoms bears all the hallmarks of crystalline tungsten oxide, WO_3. This observation based on a synergistic approach involving mass distributions under quasi-steady state conditions, photo-electron spectroscopy, and first principles molecular orbital theory illustrates the existence of a class of strongly covalent or ionic materials whose embryonic forms are tiny clusters. It also lends the possibility that a fundamental understanding of complex processes such as catalytic reactions on surfaces may be achieved on an atomic scale with these baby crystals as model systems.

Gantefãr, G.; Stolcic, D.; Sun, Q.; Rao, B. K.; Jena, P.; Castleman, J. R.

2003-03-01

72

Baby swimming and respiratory health  

PubMed Central

Aim To estimate the effect of baby swimming the first six months of life on respiratory diseases from 6 to 18 months. Methods We used data from The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in children born 1999 – 2005 followed from birth to the age of 18 months (n = 30,870). Health outcomes: lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), wheeze and otitis media between 6 and 18 months of age. Exposure: baby swimming at age 6 months. The effect of baby swimming was estimated by logistic regression analysis adjusting for potential confounders. Results About 25% of the children participated in baby swimming. The prevalence of LRTI was 13.3%, wheeze 40.0% and otitis media 30.4%. Children who were baby swimming were not more likely to have LRTI, to wheeze or to have otitis media. However, children with atopic mothers who attended baby swimming had an increased risk of wheeze, aOR 1.24 (95% CI 1.11, 1.39), but not LRTI or otitis media. This was also the case for children without respiratory diseases before 6 months aOR 1.08 (95%CI 1.02–1.15). Conclusion Baby swimming may be related to later wheeze. However, these findings warrant further investigation.

Nystad, Wenche; Haberg, Siri E.; London, Stephanie J; Nafstad, Per; Magnus, Per

2010-01-01

73

7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319.56-48...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby squash (Curcurbita maxima ...into the continental United States from Zambia only under the conditions...

2009-01-01

74

7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319.56-48...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby squash (Curcurbita maxima ...into the continental United States from Zambia only under the conditions...

2010-01-01

75

Leucocyte Blood Picture in Ill Newborn Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serial blood leucocyte counts were made on 35 ill preterm and term babies during the first 28 days of life.Ill babies with no clinical or bacteriological evidence of infection showed no changes in the blood leucocytes during the neonatal period when compared with normal babies.The changes in the blood leucocytes in babies with proven or suspected bacterial infection were an

Marietta Xanthou

1972-01-01

76

Your baby and the flu  

MedlinePLUS

... the flu; Your infant and the flu; Your toddler and the flu ... FLU SYMPTOMS IN INFANTS AND TODDLERS The flu is an infection of the nose, throat, and (sometimes) lungs. If your baby shows any of the following signs, ...

77

[Orthopaedic relevance of baby carrying].  

PubMed

Recently, various ways of carrying a baby have become popular again. Different methods and options of infant carrying are largely influenced by current fashion trends. The term of baby carrying refers to carrying the infant close to the caregiver's body with special devices, which aid attachment parenting. The authors often face the question in the pediatric orthopedic clinic: what kind of carrying method to recommend to the parents. In this article the authors briefly present the different means of carrying devices and they review the literature regarding orthopedic consequences of baby carrying. For the healthy development of a child, position and correct support of the hips and the spine are essential, whereas the carrier's spinal protection is also an important aspect. After reviewing the literature, the authors conclude that baby carrying with an adequate device has advantages from orthopaedic point of view. PMID:23876614

Szeverényi, Csenge; Varga, Marcell

2013-07-28

78

Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs  

MedlinePLUS

... plastic slots or indentations that can hold soap, shampoo, and other cleaning supplies. A plug at the ... your baby's bathing supplies ahead of time, including shampoo, soap, washcloth, towel, clean clothes, and a clean ...

79

Quantum entanglement of baby universes  

SciTech Connect

We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

Essman, Eric P.; Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

2006-12-07

80

5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N4) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N-4) FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE, LOOKING EAST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

81

Why We Don't Talk "Baby Talk" to Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The speech of 26 mothers to their infants at an early age was compared with their speech to them 2 years later. Results show that speech to infants was different from so-called "baby-talk," and that speech to them was shorter, more limited, and more repetitive than speech to language-learning children. (PJM)|

Kaye, Kenneth

1980-01-01

82

Do Babies Matter (Part II)? Closing the Baby Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Even though women make up nearly half of the PhD population, they are not advancing at the same rate as men to the upper ranks of the professoriate; many are dropping out of the race. Our first "Do Babies Matter?" article, published in the November-December 2002 issue of Academe, examined the effect of family formation on academic careers. It was…

Mason, Mary Ann; Goulden, Marc

2004-01-01

83

Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome)  

MedlinePLUS

... Education Preventing AHT Abusive head trauma/inflicted traumatic brain injury — also called shaken baby/shaken impact syndrome (or ... these children may be shaken again, worsening any brain injury or damage. If shaken baby syndrome is suspected, ...

84

7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43 Section... § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a) Immature, dehusked...consignments only. (b) Immature âbabyâ carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp....

2013-01-01

85

International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1995 International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show in Ontario, Canada has a site of the Web. The IPM is a non-profit organization of volunteers which annually organizes Canada's largest farm machinery show. The event is commercial and educational. Thousands of school children and educators attend and participate in organized educational activities.

1995-01-01

86

Active isolation of ship machinery platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major pieces of machinery on board a ship tend to be mounted on a common platform, which is flexibly mounted on the hull, in order to isolate the machinery vibration from the ship structure and to facilitate their relative alignment. The author describes the use of active control to reduce the level of excitation of the platform structure, subject

C. F. Ross

1988-01-01

87

Understanding How Babies Build Language Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language is a great communication system. Through language, humans can express logical reasoning, grief, happiness, wishes, descriptions, and a rich array of feelings and ideas. Every baby deserves the gift of language power! In this article, the author discusses how babies build language skills and presents activities to help babies build…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

88

Babies, Toddlers and the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

2001-01-01

89

Which inotrope for which baby?  

PubMed Central

While we know a lot about blood pressure (BP) responses to various inotropes and a bit about systemic and organ blood flow responses, we know almost nothing about how different inotropes affect clinical outcomes. Low systemic blood flow (SBF) is common in the first 24?h after birth in very preterm babies (and more mature babies with severe respiratory problems) and is not always reflected by low BP. The causes of this low SBF are complex but may relate to maladaptation to high extrauterine systemic (and sometimes pulmonary) vascular resistance. After day 1, hypotensive babies are more likely to have normal or high SBF reflecting vasodilatation. Empirically, inotropes that reduce afterload (such as dobutamine) may be more appropriate in the transitional period, while those with more vasoconstrictor actions (such as dopamine) may be more appropriate later on. Defining the haemodynamic in an individual baby needs both BP and echocardiographic measures of SBF. Research in this area needs to move beyond just demonstrating changes in physiological variables to showing improvements in important clinical outcomes.

Evans, N

2006-01-01

90

Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2010-01-01

91

The Baby Boomers' Intergenerational Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three…

Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

2012-01-01

92

Babies, Toddlers and the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

2001-01-01

93

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. 185.352 Section 185.352 ...Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space, required by §...

2011-10-01

94

29 CFR 1910.214 - Cooperage machinery. [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.214 Cooperage machinery....

2013-07-01

95

Wormholes, baby universes, and causality  

SciTech Connect

In this paper wormholes defined on a Minkowski signature manifold are considered, both at the classical and quantum levels. It is argued that causality in quantum gravity may best be imposed by restricting the functional integral to include only causal Lorentzian spacetimes. Subject to this assumption, one can put very tight constraints on the quantum behavior of wormholes, their cousins the baby universes, and topology-changing processes in general. Even though topology-changing processes are tightly constrained, this still allows very interesting geometrical (rather than topological) effects. In particular, the laboratory construction of baby universes is {ital not} prohibited provided that the umbilical cord'' is never cut. Methods for relaxing these causality constraints are also discussed.

Visser, M. (Theoretical Division, T-8, Mail Stop B-285, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (US))

1990-02-15

96

Industry Sector Analysis Mexico: Machinery Beverage Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market survey covers the beverage processing machinery market in Mexico. For the purpose of the report, the beverage industry is divided into three main sectors: soft drinks, beer, and wines and liquors. The analysis contains statistical and narrative...

1991-01-01

97

Simulation and analysis of machinery fault signals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Machinery condition monitoring is rapidly finding applications in all branches of industry. In particular, vibration monitoring is playing an increasingly important role as a tool for assisting with predictive and preventive maintenance and for improving operation efficiency of plant. Condition monitoring systems are used for the detection of incipient failure and the diagnosis of the nature of faults in operating machinery. However, for these systems to be reliable an improved understanding is required of the vibration signatures produced by machinery failure mechanisms and of methods for the interpretation of these signals. Many types of fault produce vibration signals which are impulsive in nature and which may be buried in background noise. A method is described for simulating this type of signal and modelling the various stages of incipient failure. Statistical and spectral analysis are used to describe the fault development. The influence of machinery frequency response characteristics on signal transmission from the damaged are to the measurement point are also considered.

White, M. F.

1984-03-01

98

Structural and Machinery Vibrations of Hydrofoil Ships.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was made of the structural and machinery characteristics of several hydrofoil ships in order to determine parameters which are of main importance for vibration analyses. A preliminary hull vibration calculation of a hydrofoil ship was performed. I...

D. C. Robinson

1964-01-01

99

Theory and Design of Electrical Rotating Machinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the program is to contribute toward new and improved rotating machines for Naval applications, with emphasis on superconducting machinery. Work has been performed on the theory of ac losses in multifilament superconductors and experiments...

W. J. Carr

1976-01-01

100

Theory and Design of Electrical Rotating Machinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this program is to contribute toward new and improved rotating machines for Naval applications, with emphasis on superconduting machinery. Work has been performed on the theory of ac losses in multifilament superconductors and experiments...

W. J. Carr

1977-01-01

101

Universal acquired melanosis: carbon baby.  

PubMed

We report a 3-year-old boy born with light brown skin that progressively became much darker. The color change was insidious in onset at the age of 3 months, asymptomatic, and progressive involving the entire body surface. Hyperpigmentation may be congenital or acquired, hereditary or nonhereditary, localized or universal, of known or unknown origin. Universal acquired melanosis is a rare form of hyperpigmentation, which has been synonymously referred to as ''carbon baby.'' PMID:24010507

Niiyama, Shiro; Bando, Yuki; Ishii, Masahiro; Katsuoka, Kensei

2013-07-14

102

Trauma and the wise baby.  

PubMed

This paper expands upon Ferenczi's concept of the wise baby and explores the dynamics of ignorance and compensatory ideals of wisdom as reactions to trauma and as manifestations of "double conscience," shame dynamics and Oedipal shame. Focusing on feelings of ignorance, of knowing and not knowing and their relation to trauma, the author elaborates on the dynamics of fantasies of wisdom, adumbrating implications for psychoanalytic technique. PMID:21818096

Kilborne, Benjamin

2011-09-01

103

Quantum entanglement of baby universes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi–Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th\\/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be

Mina Aganagic; Takuya Okuda; Hirosi Ooguri

2007-01-01

104

Baby walker-related injuries.  

PubMed

A retrospective review of charts of patients with baby walker-related injuries presenting to a large urban emergency room over a 23-month period was undertaken. Ninety-seven percent of the children sustained injuries to their head or face. Sixty-eight percent of the injuries were the result of falling down steps. Twenty-two percent of the injuries required surgical or dental evaluation in addition to pediatric evaluation. PMID:6692642

Wellman, S; Paulson, J A

1984-02-01

105

Gauged BPS baby Skyrme model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. In the limit where the term quadratic in derivatives (the “sigma-model term”) vanishes, some additional structure emerges. The resulting (“extreme” or “restricted” or “BPS”) baby Skyrme model has exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this restricted model. Further, the restricted model has infinitely many symmetries and infinitely many conservation laws. Here we consider the gauged version of the restricted baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term for the gauge field. We find that, again, there exists a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. We further find that the whole problem is essentially determined by a new kind of superpotential equation. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a solution which exists globally, i.e., on the whole target space. We also calculate soliton solutions both exactly and numerically, completely confirming our qualitative analytical results.

Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

2012-08-01

106

Baby universes in string theory  

SciTech Connect

We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2006-03-15

107

Baby P: déjà vu or distinctive?  

PubMed

As in the case of Victoria Climbié, the case of Baby P triggered national outrage and widespread reforms to the child protection system in England. But the Baby P case is unique in several key ways. The context and differentiating elements of the Baby P case are explored, as is the public, political and media reaction, the use of new technologies, the main recommendations of the Laming report that followed it, and the role played by New Labour. PMID:20120878

de Braal, Bernice

2009-01-01

108

Intussusception following a baby walker injury.  

PubMed

Serious abdominal injury as a result of a fall in a baby walker has not been previously reported. We present the case of a 13-month-old boy who developed intussusception following a fall down five stairs in a baby walker. Attempted hydrostatic reduction was unsuccessful. At operation, a bowel wall hematoma, serving as a lead point, was identified. This case adds another type of injury to the list of those previously associated with baby walker use. PMID:10195485

Conners, G P; Weber, C E; Emmens, R W

109

Immune status of low birth weight babies.  

PubMed

An attempt was made to evaluate the humoral and cellular immune status of preterm and small for dates babies born at All India Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital. The study sample included 24 term small-for-dates babies and 12 preterm babies (gestation of less than 37 weeks) and 20 term appropriate-for-dates babies who served as controls. The small-for-dates babies were subdivided into the following 2 subgroups on the basis of severity of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR): mild IUGR -- babies weighing between 3rd and 10th percentile for their gestation; and severe IUGR -- babies weighing less than 2 S.D. or 3rd percentile for their gestation. The levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG), M (IgM), and A (IgA) were determined in the cord blood using the single radical diffusion technique. The B-lymphocytes were identified and counted by the surface membrane immunoglobulin (SmIg) using immunofluorescence technique. The cellular immune response was assessed by counting T-lymphocytes by E-rosette technique employing sheep red blood cells. The neonates with severe IUGR and preterm babies had significantly lower levels of IgG. The levels of IgM and IgA did not differ significantly in the 4 groups. The preterm babies had significantly higher percentage of B-lymphocytes though the absolute count was not significantly different from normal newborn babies. The absolute count B cells was significantly low in babies with severe IUGR. The babies with severe IUGR had significantly low absolute and percentage count of E-rosette forming cells as compared to normal newborn babies. The findings suggest that low birth weight babies with severe IUGR are at a greater risk to develop bacterial infection due to deficiency of both humoral and cellular immune host defenses. In contrast, preterm babies are immunologically competent though passively transferred maternal IgG levels are low. It is desirable to study the duration of immunodeficiency caused by severe IUGR and its reversibility on nutritional rehabilitation. In view of the wide prevalence of IUGR in India it is possible that inadequacy of cell mediated immune response in these infants may be associated with poor "takes" following at birth BCG and small pox vaccinations. The vaccination schedule may have to be modified depending upon the duration of immunodeficiency in babies with IUGR. PMID:569131

Singh, M; Manerikar, S; Malaviya, A N; Premawathi; Gopalan, R; Kumar, R

1978-07-01

110

Presence of fecal material in diapers as a potential source of error in estimations of postmortem interval using arthropod development rates.  

PubMed

Second instar larvae of the fly Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera, Calliphoridae) were recovered from the diapers of a 16-month-old child abandoned by her mother on Oahu, Hawaii. The development of these larvae indicated a minimum period of 23.5 h of exposure prior to discovery of the child. Larvae of this species of fly are not normally associated with living tissues in Hawaii, but rather with feces and remains during the early stages of decomposition. Had the child in this case died and data not been provided detailing the site of infestation, the postmortem interval estimated would have been significantly longer than was actually the case, because of the development of the larvae inside the diapers of the living child. The need for caution in cases involving deaths of infants, the elderly, and individuals not capable of caring for themselves is stressed. PMID:1683361

Goff, M L; Charbonneau, S; Sullivan, W

1991-09-01

111

Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry  

MedlinePLUS

... Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby ... do people get Salmonella infections from live baby poultry? Large/Text Version Live poultry may have Salmonella ...

112

Cancer gene therapy targeting cellular apoptosis machinery.  

PubMed

The unraveling of cellular apoptosis machinery provides novel targets for cancer treatment, and gene therapy targeting this suicidal system has been corroborated to cause inflammation-free autonomous elimination of neoplastic cells. The apoptotic machinery can be targeted by introduction of a gene encoding an inducer, mediator or executioner of apoptotic cell death or by inhibition of anti-apoptotic gene expression. Strategies targeting cancer cells, which are achieved by selective gene delivery, specific gene expression or secretion of target proteins via genetic modification of autologous cells, dictate the outcome of apoptosis-based cancer gene therapy. Despite so far limited clinical success, gene therapy targeting the apoptotic machinery has great potential to benefit patients with threatening malignancies provided the availability of efficient and specific gene delivery and administration systems. PMID:22800735

Jia, Lin-Tao; Chen, Si-Yi; Yang, An-Gang

2012-07-15

113

Prediabetes and the big baby.  

PubMed

The concept of prediabetes has come to the fore again with the worldwide epidemic of Type 2 diabetes. The careful observations of W. P. U. Jackson and his colleagues in Cape Town, South Africa 50 years ago still deserve attention. Maternal hyperglycaemia cannot be the only cause of fetal macrosomia, and the pathophysiological reason for the unexplained stillbirth in late diabetic pregnancy still eludes us. The biochemical concepts of 'facilitated anabolism' and 'accelerated starvation' were developed by Freinkel as explanations of the protective mechanisms for the baby during the stresses of pregnancy. Some of these nutritional stresses may also occur in the particular form of early childhood malnutrition known in Africa as kwashiorkor, where subcutaneous fat deposition, carbohydrate intolerance, islet hyperplasia and sudden death may follow a period of excess carbohydrate and deficient protein intake. Different feeding practices in different parts of the world make comparisons uncertain, but there is evidence for insulin resistance in both the macrosomic fetus of the hyperglycaemic mother and in the child with established kwashiorkor. These adaptive changes in early development may play both a physiological and a pathological role. Worldwide studies of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy are gradually establishing acceptable diagnostic criteria, appropriate screening procedures and an evidence base for treatment. Nevertheless the challenge of prediabetes and the big baby is still with us--in Jackson's words--'diabetes mellitus is a fascinating condition-the more we know about it the less we understand it'. PMID:18199127

Hadden, D R

2008-01-01

114

Teen Moms and Babies Benefit from Camping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes nine-day residential camp for Michigan teenage mothers/babies to enhance personal growth and develop responsible social skills. Outlines goals, pre-camp planning, staff, activities, evaluation. Reports 31 teen moms (ages 13-21) and 35 babies attended in 1986. Indicates participants were in therapy, experienced abuse, had low self-esteem,…

Goode, Marsha; Broesamle, Barbara

1987-01-01

115

Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

2011-01-01

116

Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2004-01-01

117

Rich Responses Help Babies Learn and Thrive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reminds infant care teachers of the ways thoughtful interactions between adults and very young children teach babies and toddlers who they are as individuals. "When teachers take the time to respond respectfully and thoughtfully, babies and young children learn and thrive."|

Gillespie, Linda; Parlakian, Rebecca

2009-01-01

118

Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

Baird, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

119

Nutritional Quality of Commercial Fruit Baby Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial fruit baby food is a preserved fruit product usually made with fruit purees, sugar, water and variable additives (thickening agents, antioxidants, etc.). As the foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, baby foods for infants and young children conforms to a set of strict guidelines e.g. maximum levels for pesticide residues, microbiological contamination, addition of additives, labelling, etc. However, being

H. ?ížko Vá; R. Še; A. RAJCHl; M. Vold?

120

Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis in Newborn Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: Assessment of fluid and electrolyte properly in neonate is very important but difficult. Fluid and electrolyte homeostasis during this period depends on some factors notably gestational age of baby, its postnatal age, pathological conditions and environmental situation. In fetus, water and electrolytes is constantly supplied from mother, which is cut-off by delivery of the baby. Extra- cellular fluid volume

Jagadish C Das

2008-01-01

121

Binocular Fixation in the Newborn Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three experiments are reported in which 15 babies were presented with visual stimuli which varied in shape and distance from the eye. Results indicated that the majority of subjects binocularly fixated all three stimuli and it was concluded that the newborn baby has the basic requirements for binocular vision. (Author/GO)|

Slater, Alan M.; Findlay, John M.

1975-01-01

122

Shaken Baby Syndrome Diagnosis On Shaky Ground  

Microsoft Academic Search

An epidemic of accusations against parents and baby sitters of Shaken Baby Syndrome is sweeping the developed world. The United States and the United Kingdom are in the forefront of such questionable practice. Brain (mainly subdural, less often subarachnoid) and retinal haemorrhages, retinal detachments, and rib and other bone 'fractures' are considered pathognomic. However, the reality of these injuries is

Viera Scheibner

2001-01-01

123

Libraries Are for Babies, Too! [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This video, produced and shot in Maine libraries, provides a tour of five different approaches to library services for babies. Highlights include: "Finger Fun for Babies" at the Portland Public Library; "Small Is Beautiful" at the Wells Library; unique outreach activities sponsored by the Casco Library and Warren Library in Westbrook; and a…

American Library Association Video/Library Video Network, Towson, MD.

124

Welcoming a New Baby into Your Family  

MedlinePLUS

Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family KidsHealth > Kids > Feelings > My Home & Family > Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family Print A A A ... Home If you're going to have a new brother or sister, you'll want to know ...

125

Noise Control in Tubular Wire Stranding Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is an investigation of noise control options in tubular wire stranding operations. A primary target noise level of 90 dBA, and a secondary target noise level of 85 dBA are identified, based on government regulations, current Worker's Compensation trends, and labor union activities. An examination of rope mills and the sound fields around stranding machinery demonstrates that several

James Frederick Yerges

1980-01-01

126

91. LOCKS CONTROL HOUSE & CRANE MACHINERY HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

91. LOCKS -- CONTROL HOUSE & CRANE MACHINERY HOUSE -- UPPER WEST WALL-- PLANS, ELEVATIONS, SECTIONS & VENT PLAN M-L 27 70/19. Lock and Dam No. 27 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 27, Granite City, Madison County, IL

127

The emerging shape of the ESCRT machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past two years have seen an explosion in the structural understanding of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery that facilitates the trafficking of ubiquitylated proteins from endosomes to lysosomes via multivesicular bodies (MVBs). A common organization of all ESCRTs is a rigid core attached to flexibly connected modules that recognize other components of the MVB pathway.

Roger L. Williams; Sylvie Urbé

2007-01-01

128

EARNINGS IN THE MACHINERY INDUSTRIES, MID-1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|RESULTS OF A MID-1966 NATIONWIDE SURVEY BY THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS SHOWED THAT THE EARNINGS OF PRODUCTION AND RELATED NONELECTRICAL MACHINERY WORKERS IN 21 LARGE OCCUPATIONAL AREAS VARIED BY OCCUPATION, SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT, AND COMMUNITY, INDUSTRY, LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONTRACT STATUS, AND LOCATION. THE AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE WAS $2.84. HIGHER…

BAUER, FREDERICK L.

129

Dendritic and Postsynaptic Protein Synthetic Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing body of evidence that local protein synthesis beneath synapses may provide a novel mechanism underlying plastic phenomena. In vivo and in vitro biochemical data show that dendrites can perform translation and glycosylation. Using antibodies directed against the eukaryotic protein synthetic machinery, we sought to identify the structures implicated in nonperinuclear translation, namely dendritic and postsynaptic protein

Alejandra Gardiol; Claudia Racca; Antoine Triller

1991-01-01

130

Versatility of the mitochondrial protein import machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vast majority of mitochondrial proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and are imported into mitochondria by protein machineries located in the mitochondrial membranes. It has become clear that hydrophilic as well as hydrophobic preproteins use a common translocase in the outer mitochondrial membrane, but diverge to two distinct translocases in the inner membrane. The translocases are dynamic, high-molecular-weight complexes

Nikolaus Pfanner; Andreas Geissler

2001-01-01

131

Adaptive Machinery to Support Natural Conversations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real-time adaptation and ongoing learning promise to provide computational machinery to support fluid conversational interaction. We will focus on representations and inferential strategies that can provide real-time adaptation to multiple characteristics of a conversation. The work approaches conversation from a perspective of inference and decision making under uncertainty. Automated methods for engaging users in conversations must address critical uncertainties about

Tim Paek; Eric Horvitz

132

EARNINGS IN THE MACHINERY INDUSTRIES, MID-1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RESULTS OF A MID-1966 NATIONWIDE SURVEY BY THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS SHOWED THAT THE EARNINGS OF PRODUCTION AND RELATED NONELECTRICAL MACHINERY WORKERS IN 21 LARGE OCCUPATIONAL AREAS VARIED BY OCCUPATION, SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT, AND COMMUNITY, INDUSTRY, LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONTRACT STATUS, AND LOCATION. THE AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE WAS $2.84. HIGHER…

BAUER, FREDERICK L.

133

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--POWER. TEACHERS COPY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO PROVIDE A STUDY GUIDE FOR STUDENTS PREPARING FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY OCCUPATIONS IN A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM. THE MATERIAL WAS DESIGNED BY SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALISTS ON THE BASIS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS, TRIED IN OPERATIONAL PROGRAMS, AND REFINED BY A TEACHER.…

HILL, DURWIN; VENABLE, BENNY MAC

134

Video monitoring system for large maintenance machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large railway maintenance machinery plays a significant role in ensuring the railway running safety. Video monitoring system for monitoring the process of maintenance and construction such as the tamping machine is an important research topic to achieve the goal of supervising the working state and working quality. A video monitoring system based on TMS320DM642 DSP?» local network and GPRS is

Xie Jiangsheng

2011-01-01

135

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--POWER. TEACHERS COPY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO PROVIDE A STUDY GUIDE FOR STUDENTS PREPARING FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY OCCUPATIONS IN A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM. THE MATERIAL WAS DESIGNED BY SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALISTS ON THE BASIS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS, TRIED IN OPERATIONAL PROGRAMS, AND REFINED BY A TEACHER.…

HILL, DURWIN; VENABLE, BENNY MAC

136

Fault detection and diagnosis of rotating machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model-based approach to the detection and diagnosis of mechanical faults in rotating machinery is studied in this paper. For certain types of faults, for example, raceway faults in rolling element bearings, an increase in mass unbalance, and changes in stiffness and damping, algorithms suitable for real-time implementation are developed and evaluated using computer simulation

Kenneth A. Loparo; M. L. Adams; Wei Lin; M. Farouk Abdel-Magied; Nadar Afshari

2000-01-01

137

Decision support for green supply chain operations by integrating dynamic simulation and LCA indicators: diaper case study.  

PubMed

As the issue of environmental sustainability is becoming an important business factor, companies are now looking for decision support tools to assess the fuller picture of the environmental impacts associated with their manufacturing operations and supply chain (SC) activities. Lifecycle assessment (LCA) is widely used to measure the environmental consequences assignable to a product. However, it is usually limited to a high-level snapshot of the environmental implications over the product value chain without consideration of the dynamics arising from the multitiered structure and the interactions along the SC. This paper proposes a framework for green supply chain management by integrating a SC dynamic simulation and LCA indicators to evaluate both the economic and environmental impacts of various SC decisions such as inventories, distribution network configuration, and ordering policy. The advantages of this framework are demonstrated through an industrially motivated case study involving diaper production. Three distinct scenarios are evaluated to highlight how the proposed approach enables integrated decision support for green SC design and operation. PMID:22029393

Adhitya, Arief; Halim, Iskandar; Srinivasan, Rajagopalan

2011-11-09

138

46 CFR 169.315 - Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). 169.315 Section 169.315 Shipping...169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). (a) All enclosed spaces within the vessel must be properly...

2011-10-01

139

46 CFR 169.315 - Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). 169.315 Section 169.315 Shipping...169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). (a) All enclosed spaces within the vessel must be properly...

2012-10-01

140

60. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST TOWARDS WINDING MACHINERY: View towards the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

60. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST TOWARDS WINDING MACHINERY: View towards the southeast looking down the tension runs towards the winding machinery. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

141

Korean Market Survey: Plastic Products Production, Machinery and Raw Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains a market assessment for plastic processing machinery and raw materials in South Korea. The competitive environment, future demand, and market access data for plastics products and machinery are discussed.

1980-01-01

142

44. Looking south towards Sullivan Machinery Company complex from the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

44. Looking south towards Sullivan Machinery Company complex from the north side of the Sugar River. The footbridge was built in 1920. - Sullivan Machinery Company, Main Street between Pearl & Water Streets, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

143

29 CFR 1910.213 - Woodworking machinery requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements. (a) Machine construction general. (1) Each machine shall be so constructed as to be free from sensible...

2013-07-01

144

12. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, SHOWING ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, LOOKING SOUTH - Upper Mississippi River Nine-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 25, Cap au Gris, Lincoln County, MO

145

13. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, SHOWING ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, LOOKING NORTH - Upper Mississippi River Nine-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 25, Cap au Gris, Lincoln County, MO

146

4. MACHINERY SHED AND STORAGE ROOM ADDITION, SOUTH AND WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. MACHINERY SHED AND STORAGE ROOM ADDITION, SOUTH AND WEST WALL LOOKING NORTHEAST SEED STORAGE BUILDING (1963) BEHIND - Tucson Plant Material Center, Machinery Shed, 3241 North Romero Road, Tucson, Pima County, AZ

147

Babies, television and videos: How did we get here?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies’ use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous role

Ellen Wartella; Rebekah A. Richert; Michael B. Robb

2010-01-01

148

Babies, Television and Videos: How Did We Get Here?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies' use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous…

Wartella, Ellen; Richert, Rebekah A.; Robb, Michael B.

2010-01-01

149

46 CFR 58.01-50 - Machinery space, noise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space, noise. 58.01-50 Section 58.01-50...General Requirements § 58.01-50 Machinery space, noise. (a) Each machinery space must be designed to minimize the...

2011-10-01

150

46 CFR 58.01-50 - Machinery space, noise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery space, noise. 58.01-50 Section 58.01-50...General Requirements § 58.01-50 Machinery space, noise. (a) Each machinery space must be designed to minimize the...

2012-10-01

151

46 CFR 42.15-35 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space openings. 42.15-35 Section 42.15-35...Assignment of Freeboard § 42.15-35 Machinery space openings. (a) Machinery space openings in position 1 or 2 shall be...

2011-10-01

152

46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Bulkheads in machinery spaces. 174.195 Section 174.195 Shipping...Vessels § 174.195 Bulkheads in machinery spaces. (a) The bulkhead in each machinery space of each OSV must be watertight to the...

2011-10-01

153

46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Bulkheads in machinery spaces. 174.195 Section 174.195 Shipping...Vessels § 174.195 Bulkheads in machinery spaces. (a) The bulkhead in each machinery space of each OSV must be watertight to the...

2012-10-01

154

46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space openings. 45.149 Section 45.149 Shipping...Conditions of Assignment § 45.149 Machinery space openings. (a) Machinery space openings in position 1 or 2 must be...

2011-10-01

155

Research of Embedded Motion Controller for Construction Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motion controller is one of the core components in construction machinery equipment. Compared with general-purpose motion controller based on PC or PLC, embedded motion controller (EMC) for construction machinery is characterized by the strong pertinency and specialty for this field. This paper describes the key technologies on developing the hardware and software of EMC for construction machinery, including architecture of

Min Jin; Xiang Zhou; Jihui Zhou

2008-01-01

156

Machinery vibration: Origins, impressions and cures  

SciTech Connect

The current trend toward high performance (speed, power, flow, etc.) and low eight are causing new machinery dynamics problems. Vibration diagnostics engineering of rotor-bearing-casing systems must consider both internal and external influences to effectively predict and diagnose these problems. It is assumed that machinery vibration data are free from ambiguity, error, conform to a standard and clearly identify the physical cause(s) responsible for vibration. Rotor vibration due to internal forces are described: unbalance force characteristics; response characteristics; and rules of rotor fundamental response. Rotor vibration due to external forces include: rotating aerodynamic stall; oil whirl; oil whip; structural resonance; vane/blade passing vibration; misalignment; rotor rubbing; gear mesh vibrations; and shaft crack. These are also discussed.

Haq, I. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States))

1995-01-01

157

The Mechanotransduction Machinery of Hair Cells  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mechanotransduction, the conversion of mechanical force into an electrochemical signal, allows living organisms to detect touch, hear, register movement and gravity, and sense changes in cell volume and shape. Hair cells in the vertebrate inner ear are mechanoreceptor cells specialized for the detection of sound and head movement. Each hair cell contains, at the apical surface, rows of stereocilia that are connected by extracellular filaments to form an exquisitely organized bundle. Mechanotransduction channels, localized near the tips of the stereocilia, are gated by the gating spring, an elastic element that is stretched upon stereocilia deflection and mediates rapid channel opening. Components of the mechanotransduction machinery in hair cells have been identified and several are encoded by genes linked to deafness in humans, which indicates that defects in the mechanotransduction machinery are the underlying cause of some forms of hearing impairment.

Nicolas Grillet (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Piotr Kazmierczak (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Wei Xiong (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Martin Schwander (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Anna Reynolds (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Hirofumi Sakaguchi (National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders;Laboratory of Cell Structure and Dynamics REV)

2009-08-25

158

Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers  

MedlinePLUS

... Centers Broken Bones & Injuries Diseases & Conditions Arthritis Tumors Sports Injuries & Prevention Children Health & Safety Treatment Treatments & Surgeries ... Resources Copyright 2011 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers While there may ...

159

Baby Boomer Retirement Planning: Whose Responsibility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over 75 million baby boomers expect to begin retiring in the next five years. In response to this impending retirement wave, researchers and policymakers have begun sounding the alarm about the inadequacy of traditional retirement income sources--personal...

1994-01-01

160

Surrogate Motherhood II: Reflections after "Baby M."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the "Baby M" surrogate motherhood case which has produced heated debate in popular media, legal publications, and other professional journals. Summarizes arguments offered and reasoning behind actions of judiciary. (Author/ABL)|

Schwartz, Lita Linzer

1988-01-01

161

Babies Spitting Up - Normal in Most Cases  

MedlinePLUS

... Blood & Biologics Babies Spitting Up—Normal in Most Cases Search the Consumer Updates Section Get Consumer Updates ... frequent spitting up is absolutely normal in most cases and not a symptom of poor health. As ...

162

A minority report: teaching fathers baby massage.  

PubMed

Infant or baby massage has emerged in the recent decade as an activity promoted by health care professionals, popular with parents and the subject of a growing body of research evidence (Complement. Ther. Nurs. Midwifery 2 (1996) 151; 3 & 8 Tough Ther. 2000). This paper reports on the experience of establishing and facilitating baby massage training. There is a focus in the discussion on teaching fathers, as only one male parent attended the classes over a 6-month period. Recommendations are made in the conclusion, identifying possible ways of promoting fathers involvement in babies massage. The paper, with its images of a father engaged in baby massage, is intended to add to the current limited amount of literature available on this subject. PMID:12852931

Mackereth, Peter A

2003-08-01

163

Questions Parents Ask about Baby Shots  

MedlinePLUS

... Doses cannot be given too close together or immunity doesn’t have time to build up. On ... baby against these diseases? No. Breastfeeding offers temporary immunity against some minor infections like colds, but it ...

164

Will Stress during Pregnancy Affect My Baby?  

MedlinePLUS

... provider during your prenatal visits. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Pregnancy PTSD is a more serious type of stress that can negatively affect your baby. PTSD occurs when you have problems after seeing or ...

165

Protein import machineries in endosymbiotic organelles  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  Chloroplast and mitochondria, the two organelles with an accepted endosymbiotic \\u000a origin, have developed multiple translocation pathways to ensure the subcellular allocation of \\u000a proteins synthesized by cytosolic ribosomes, and to guarantee their assembly into functional \\u000a complexes in coordination also with organellar-encoded subunits. The evolution of different protein \\u000a import machineries was thus essential for the development of these two organelles within cells.

M. Balsera; J. Soll; B. Bölter

2009-01-01

166

Intelligent diagnosis methods for plant machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports several intelligent diagnostic approaches based on artificial neural network and fuzzy algorithm for plant\\u000a machinery, such as the diagnosis method using the wavelet transform, rough sets, and fuzzy neural network; the diagnosis method\\u000a based on the sequential inference and fuzzy neural network; the diagnosis approach by the possibility theory and certainty\\u000a factor model; and the diagnosis method

Huaqing Wang; Peng Chen; Shuming Wang

2010-01-01

167

RNA Polymerase Transcription Machinery in Trypanosomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transcription is a fundamental biological process employed by all living organisms to decode their genetic information. The information stored in genomic DNA is copied into RNA mol- ecules by polymerization of ribonucleotide building blocks, which ultimately gives rise to different classes of transcripts. mRNAs encode polypeptides, rRNAs drive the macromolec- ular protein-synthesis machinery, and tRNAs act as adaptor molecules to

Anish Das; Mahrukh Banday; Vivian Bellofatto

2008-01-01

168

Numerical noise prediction in fluid machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerical methods successively became important in the design and optimization of fluid machinery. However, as noise emission\\u000a is considered, one can hardly find standardized prediction methods combining flow and acoustical optimization. Several numerical\\u000a field methods for sound calculations have been developed. Due to the complexity of the considered flow, approaches must be\\u000a chosen to avoid exhaustive computing. In this contribution

Iris Pantle; Franco Magagnato; Martin Gabi

2005-01-01

169

Objective Machinery Fault Diagnosis Using Fuzzy Logic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vibration-based machine condition monitoring incorporates a number of machinery fault detection and diagnostic techniques. Many machinery fault diagnostic techniques use automatic signal classification in order to increase accuracy and reduce errors caused by subjective human judgment. In this paper, fuzzy logic techniques have been applied to classify frequency spectra representing various rolling element bearing faults. The frequency spectra representing a number of different fault conditions have been processed using a variety of fuzzy set shapes. The application of basic fuzzy logic techniques has allowed fuzzy numbers to be generated which represent the similarity between frequency spectra. Correct classification of different bearing fault spectra was observed when the correct combination of fuzzy set shapes and range of membership domains were used. The problem of membership overlapping found in previous studies, where classifying individual spectrum with respect to spectra that represent true fault classes was not conclusive, has been overcome. Further work is described which will extend this technique to other classes of machinery using generic software.

Mechefske, C. K.

1998-11-01

170

[Collodion baby and respiratory distress syndrome].  

PubMed

The congenital ichthyosis appears mainly in the form of collodion baby. This one can be suspected in case of polyhydramnios associated with a snowy aspect of the amniotic liquid in the antenatal echography. The reported four cases of collodion baby were premature children having presented a respiratory distress syndrome of variable gravity. The pulmonary disease was of multifactorial origin. The outcome was favorable for four children. PMID:21733637

Loumouamou, Y; Boumahni, B; Kauffmann, E; Randrianaivo, H; Jacquemont, M-L

2011-07-05

171

Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?  

PubMed Central

Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features in the design of baby walkers. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

Gleadhill, D N; Robson, W J; Cudmore, R E; Turnock, R R

1987-01-01

172

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020 is part of a research project at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. The project examines how women born between 1946 and 1964 (i.e., the Baby Boom) see paid work after the age of 65 and the ways in which public policy will affect this aging sector of the female workforce. The site offers information on its ongoing studies as well as a varied collection of links.

173

Parents' perceptions of taking babies' rectal temperature.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To explore the attitudes of parents to measuring their babies' rectal temperature. DESIGN--Qualitative study using unstructured interviews of parents given "Baby Check," a scoring system designed to assess severity of illness in babies that includes measurement of rectal temperature. SETTING--One inner city general practice in Newcastle upon Tyne. SUBJECTS--42 parents of 34 babies under 6 months old. RESULTS--Parents were reluctant to measure rectal temperature in their babies; 37 parents spontaneously raised concerns. Fifteen did not undertake measurement, 16 did so once only, and 11 did so more than once. Parents' concerns included a fear of hurting their child, anxieties about sexual intimacy and abuse, difficulty in comforting their child, and concern for their child's feelings. Most (33) substituted axillary measurement. CONCLUSIONS--Parents' preference for the axillary method of measuring temperature and resistance to using a rectal method in their children was based on several concerns. If parents are to be encouraged to use the rectal method of measuring temperature in sick babies any benefits must be set against the generation of considerable parental anxiety and the resources that would be necessary to negotiate with parents and change their views.

Kai, J

1993-01-01

174

Breast is best for babies.  

PubMed Central

Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding.

Leung, Alexander K. C.; Sauve, Reginald S.

2005-01-01

175

The ART of marketing babies.  

PubMed

New legislation can be oppressive for a significant population depending upon the politics of its drafters. The current upsurge of the surrogacy trade in India, and the label of a "win-win" situation that it has acquired, points towards an unfettered commercialisation of assisted reproductive technology and the practice of surrogacy that is blinding its middle class users as well as providers, policy makers and law makers, and charging an imagination that is already caught up in spiralling consumerism. This paper analyses the Draft Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill and Rules, 2008, in the Indian socioeconomic context. It identifies the interests of the affected women, and examines the contradictions of the proposed Bill with their interests, as well as with current health and population policies, confining itself to the handling of surrogacy and not the entire content of the Bill. The bases of the analytical perspective used are: the context of poverty and the health needs of the Indian population; the need to locate surrogacy services within the overall public health service context and its epidemiological basis; the need to restrain direct human experimentation for the advancement of any technology; the use of safer methods; and, finally, the rights of surrogate mothers and their babies, in India, as opposed to the compulsion or dynamics of the medical market and reproductive tourism. PMID:22106569

Qadeer, Imrana

176

When to transfuse preterm babies  

PubMed Central

The physiological anaemia experienced by preterm babies is exacerbated by common care practices such as early clamping of the umbilical cord at birth and gradual exsanguination by phlebotomy for laboratory monitoring. The need for subsequent transfusion with red blood cells can be reduced by delaying cord clamping for 30–60 s in infants who do not require immediate resuscitation. The need for transfusions can be further reduced by limiting phlebotomy losses, providing good nutrition, and using standard guidelines for transfusion based on haemoglobin or haematocrit. What those guidelines should be is not clear. Analysis of two recent large clinical trials comparing restrictive and liberal transfusion guidelines leads to several conclusions. Restrictive transfusion guidelines may reduce the number of transfusions given, but there is no reduction in donor exposures if a single-donor transfusion programme is used. There is some evidence that more liberal transfusion guidelines may help to prevent brain injury, but information on the impact of transfusion practice on long-term outcome is lacking. Until further guidance emerges, transfusion thresholds lower than those used in the two trials should not be used, as there is no evidence that lower thresholds are safe.

Bell, EF

2009-01-01

177

Low Back Pain in Port Machinery Operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of several types of low back pain (LBP) was investigated by a standardized questionnaire in a group of 219 port machinery operators exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) and postural load and in a control group of 85 maintenance workers employed at the same transport company. The group of port machinery operators included 85 straddle carrier drivers, 88 fork-lift truck drivers, and 46 crane operators. The vector sum of the frequency-weighted r.m.s. acceleration of vibration measured on the seatpan of port vehicles and machines averaged 0.90 m/s2 for fork-lift trucks, 0.48 m/s2 for straddle carriers, 0.53 m/s2 for mobile cranes, and 0.22 m/s2 for overhead cranes. The 12-month prevalence of low back symptoms (LBP, sciatic pain, treated LBP, sick leave due to LBP) was significantly greater in the fork-lift truck drivers than in the controls and the other two groups of port machinery operators. After adjusting for potential confounders, the prevalence of low back symptoms was found to increase with the increase of WBV exposure expressed as duration of exposure (driving years), equivalent vibration magnitude (m/s2), or cumulative vibration exposure (yr m2/s4). An excess risk for lumbar disc herniation was observed in the port machinery operators with prolonged driving experience. In both the controls and the port machinery operators, low back complaints were strongly associated with perceived postural load assessed in terms of frequency and/or duration of awkward postures at work. Multivariate analysis showed that vibration exposure and postural load were independent predictors of LBP. Even though the cross-sectional design of the present study does not permit firm conclusions on the relationship between WBV exposure and low back disorders, the findings of this investigation provide additional epidemiological evidence that seated WBV exposure combined with non-neutral trunk postures, as while driving, is associated with an increased risk of long-term adverse health effects on the lower back. . All rights reserved.

Bovenzi, M.; Pinto, I.; Stacchini, N.

2002-05-01

178

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. 62.50-30 Section 62.50-30...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. Note: Periodically unattended machinery plants include machinery plants and...

2011-10-01

179

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. 62.50-30 Section 62.50-30...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. Note: Periodically unattended machinery plants include machinery plants and...

2012-10-01

180

Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of “baby signing” in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. “Baby signing” refers to the use of visual-gestural signs between hearing parents and their young hearing children with the goal of earlier and clearer communication, often

RICHARD P. M EIER

2007-01-01

181

Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of "baby signing" in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. Baby signing fits neatly into the parenting ideologies prevalent in the professional class in the United States that value early…

Pizer, Ginger; Walters, Keith; Meier, Richard P.

2007-01-01

182

Fathers & Babies: How Babies Grow and What They Need from You, from Birth to 18 Months.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides fathers with specific developmental theory and practical skills and advice concerning how babies grow and what they need from fathers from the time they are born until they turn 18 months. Each chapter provides information and theory on age appropriate play activities and specific information on a baby's growth and…

Marzollo, Jean

183

Benign transient blueberry muffin baby.  

PubMed

In this case-report a case of severe fetal anemia of unknown origin is presented. Diagnosis of fetal anemia was made at 24 weeks of gestational age, when fetal ascites was identified. Doppler sonography of medium cerebral artery showed a high systolic speed velocity (ACM-PSV), of 65 cm/s (>1.55 MoM). This value predicts a severe fetal anemia. Funicolocentesis confirmed hyporegenerative anemia, low reticulocytosis and low erythroblastosis. A fetal transfusion was performed. At birth anemia was still present and the baby presented blueberry muffin and liver erythropoietic foci. The blueberry muffin morphology presents as non-blanching, blue-red macules or firm, dome-shaped papules (2-8 mm in diameter). The eruption is often generalized but favors the trunk, head, and neck. Infectious (Toxoplasmosis, Cytomegalovirus, Rubella, Herpes, Parvo, Coxackievirus, Ebstein Barr, Syphilis), hematologic (sferocytosis, alloimmunization, foeto-maternal transfusion), metabolic, neoplastic (congenital leukemia, neuroblastome, congenital rhabdomyosarcome) and systemic (histiocytosis, lupus) pathologies indicated until now as possible disease causes were excluded. In the first day of life the neonate received a RBC transfusion for anemia (Hb=5.1 g/dL; Hct 15,7% at birth), followed within 48-72 hours by rapid disappearance of the rash, that wasn't then histologically examined. During two weeks of hospitalization reticulocytes raised spontaneously from 0.8% to 3.17%. Until two years of age the auxologic and clinical course was regular and the child is now in good health conditions. Due to the absence of systematic disease and the complete regression, no exact diagnosis and prognosis could be established in this case. PMID:20467386

Bagna, R; Bertino, E; Rovelli, I; Peila, C; Giuliani, F; Occhi, L; Mensa, M; Mazzone, R; Saracco, P; Fabris, C

2010-06-01

184

Atopic Dermatitis: Signs and Symptoms  

MedlinePLUS

... Parents often worry that their baby is getting AD in the diaper area. Babies rarely get AD in their diaper area. The skin stays too moist for AD. Atopic dermatitis. Infants often get atopic dermatitis on ...

185

[Experience of the Baby Friendly Hospital initiative].  

PubMed

In the study is analyzed and described the initiative called "Initiative Baby Friendly Hospitals", a program which started in Brazil, 1992. This initiative intends to support, to protect and to promote the breastfeeding as proposed in a meeting in 1990 in Florence, Italy, which was promoted by WHO and UNICEF. The basic goal of this initiative is to mobilize health professionals and hospital or maternity workers for changing their routines and conducts aiming to prevent the early wean. The health establishments are evaluated based on the "ten steps for success of breastfeeding, a group of goals created in the same meeting. In Brazil, the evaluation is coordinated by the Federal Government through the PNIAM (Programa Nacional de Incentivo ao Aleitamento Materno). A baby friendly hospital, if approved, receives from the Minister of Health, a Federal Governmental Agency (SUS) a differential payment for childbirth assistance and prenatal accompaniment, 10% and 40%, more respectively. Until 1998 year there were 103 baby friendly hospitals in Brazil, with the majority of them located in the northeast area (68.1%). However, taking in accounting the number of 5650 hospitals linked to SUS in the country, less than 2.0% are baby friendly hospitals. On the basis of the experience and according with PNIAM data the implementation of the ten steps and the incentive to breastfeeding through baby friendly hospitals have resulted in a significant increase of breastfeeding incidence and duration in Brazil. PMID:9852652

Lamounier, J A

186

Expedient Treatment of a Collodion Baby  

PubMed Central

Only ~270 cases of collodion babies have been reported in the literature since 1892. As the name suggests, the term “collodion baby” refers to a phenotype that can be characterized by a yellow, shiny, tight parchment-like membrane stretched over the skin. Although the collodion membrane is only an evanescent condition of the newborn, neonatal complications can occur in 45% of all collodion babies, leading to a mortality rate of ~11% in the first few weeks of life. Most children born as collodion babies will spontaneously desquamate within 2 weeks, but may be as long as 3 months. Eventually, these children develop signs of one of several types of ichthyosis, which gives the skin the appearance of “fish scales.” We report a unique case of a Caucasian male that was born as a Collodion baby at the University of Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Although the impairment of the skin barrier function put the patient at risk for a number of complications, he improved significantly after being treated with emollients and antibiotics. In contrast to previous findings, we found that skin emollients were beneficial and did not increase the risk of infection.

Chung, Michael; Pittenger, Jaime; Tobin, Stuart; Chung, Andrew; Desai, Nirmala

2011-01-01

187

Neonatal death in babies with rhesus isoimmunization.  

PubMed

In the 27 years, 1951--1977, 4315 babies weighing over 1 kg were born alive in Newcastle suffering from haemolytic disease of the newborn due to Rhesus isoimmunization; 197 (4.5 per cent) died within four weeks of delivery. Many babies with severe anaemia (cord Hb less than or equal to 8 g/dl) died of cerebral and/or pulmonary haemorrhage as a result of coagulation failure; others with hydrops had a chance of recovery with intensive care as long as there was no associated pulmonary hypoplasia. Hyaline membrane disease was no more common in babies with haemolytic disease than in other preterm babies of comparable birthweight, but incorrect assessment of gestational age prior to the induction of labour increased the risk of death from hyaline membrane disease. The introduction of closed chest cardiac massage virtually eliminated the risk of sudden unexpected death during exchange transfusion but there was still a 1.5 per cent chance of sudden circulatory collapse during exchange transfusion. Affected babies of less than 36 weeks gestation with respiratory problems face a substantial risk of kernicterus when the indirect serum bilirubin level exceeds 270 mumol/l (15 mg/100 ml). The establishment of a single referral centre for Rhesus isoimmunization reduced neonatal mortality in the area to half the national average in the early 1950's and this superiority was maintained throughout the next decade. PMID:116300

Ellis, M I; Hey, E N; Walker, W

1979-04-01

188

Metalworking Machinery and Equipment (Brazil). Foundry and Rolling Mill Machinery, August 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Brazil is the seventh largest steel producer of the world. Many of the Brazilian steelmakers lack state-of-the-art technology. The import market for foundry and rolling mill machinery in Brazil is very competitive. American companies' market share has dec...

1991-01-01

189

Dementia risk factors for Australian baby boomers  

PubMed Central

Baby boomers are individuals born in the years 1946 to 1965. The objective of this paper was to define the risk factors for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and their relevance to Australian baby boomers, with the aim of providing evidence-based guidelines for dementia prevention. A series of PubMed searches (1994–2010) were conducted with relevant key words. Data was included from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in relation to baby boomers in Australia. Article titles and abstracts were assessed by two reviewers for inclusion. Searches through ABS revealed no specific study on baby boomers at a national level; information was only available for Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland. A number of genetic and non-genetic risk factors for dementia were identified most of which remain controversial and require further study. We did not identify significant differences in the prevalence and incidence of dementia in those under 65 years in Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia. There were no correlations of risk factors and dementia between the Australian states. Modification of risk factors has not been proven to reduce the incidence and prevalence of dementia and AD in baby boomers. Nevertheless, on available evidence, we recommend: i) active management of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension; ii) the encouragement of a healthy lifestyle (eg, weight reduction, exercise) as offering the best pathways to reduce the emerging dementia risk for baby boomers. The implications are that activities promoting a healthy heart might lead to a healthy brain and help to prevent dementia.

Panegyres, Peter K.; Gray, Victoria

2010-01-01

190

Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons  

SciTech Connect

Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by {omega} mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model including a Skyrme term. We find that multisolitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

Foster, David; Sutcliffe, Paul [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2009-06-15

191

[Severe hypernatraemic dehydration in collodion baby].  

PubMed

Case report on severe hypernatraemic dehydration in a non-recognised collodion baby who also suffered from hydrops fetalis caused by supraventricular tachycardia. Excessive transcutaneous fluid loss caused s-Na+ reaching 182 mmol/l within 36 hours of birth. The infant was cautiously rehydrated during the following three days. No sign of neurologic impairment was observed. It is emphasized that early observation of the collodion baby must take place in a humidified incubator. Major weight changes in the newborn should always result in analysis of serum sodium. PMID:17425931

Magid, Tobias; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper; Nymann, Peter; Hansen, Bo Mølholm

2007-03-26

192

Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... can be prevented by vaccination. Who recommends that all babies get hepatitis B vaccination at birth? Medical ... side effects Hepatitis B shots are recommended for all new babies Hepatitis B vaccine helps protect your ...

193

O the Selection of Informative Wavelets for Machinery Diagnosis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new method of machinery fault diagnosis based on wavelet analysis and using an extension to Mallat and Zhang's matching pursuit for machinery diagnosis is presented. Instead of the `best matching' criterion, a mutual information measure is used to search a redundant wavelet dictionary for a small set of wavelets that carry meaningful information about machinery faults. With these informative wavelets treated as feature extractors, this approach effectively facilitates the diagnosis of machinery faults of a non-stationary nature. This method has been applied to the detection of diesel engine malfunctions. The results show that both the sensitivity and the reliability of this approach are good.

Liu, B.; Ling, S.-F.

1999-01-01

194

Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

195

Infant & Toddlers: How to Calm an Exuberant Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is important to understand that babies differ in temperament. Some are sensationally exuberant and loud. Others are more withdrawn and quiet. Babies also differ in tempo and style. Some eat with gusto. Others deliberately scoop a bit of cooked cereal onto a spoon and slowly munch on their food. Helping a baby learn to modulate voice tones…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

196

Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being…

Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

2012-01-01

197

Infants & Toddlers: How Babies Use Gestures to Communicate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evolution has provided babies with wonderful ways to get the loving attention and care that they need from adults. When a baby is distressed, his cry is the most primitive and powerful tool for bringing help. By the time a baby is 2 or 3 months old, his dazzling smile and crooked grin evokes tenderness, smiles, and nurturance from adults who are…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2004-01-01

198

Opening Your School Library to Preschoolers--and Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author stresses the importance of welcoming preschoolers and babies into school libraries. She states that when read to from birth, a baby becomes used to the cadences and rhythms of spoken language, at the same time responding to the bright pictures and the presence of a loving adult. The baby associates books and stories…

Braxton, Barbara

2004-01-01

199

Autophagy: molecular machinery for self-eating.  

PubMed

Autophagy is a highly conserved process in eukaryotes in which the cytoplasm, including excess or aberrant organelles, is sequestered into double-membrane vesicles and delivered to the degradative organelle, the lysosome/vacuole, for breakdown and eventual recycling of the resulting macromolecules. This process has an important role in various biological events such as adaptation to changing environmental conditions, cellular remodeling during development and differentiation, and determination of lifespan. Auto-phagy is also involved in preventing certain types of disease, although it may contribute to some pathologies. Recent studies have identified many components that are required to drive this complicated cellular process. Auto-phagy-related genes were first identified in yeast, but homologs are found in all eukaryotes. Analyses in a range of model systems have provided huge advances toward understanding the molecular basis of autophagy. Here we review our current knowledge on the machinery and molecular mechanism of autophagy. PMID:16247502

Yorimitsu, T; Klionsky, D J

2005-11-01

200

The SNARE Machinery in Mast Cell Secretion  

PubMed Central

Mast cells are known as inflammatory cells which exert their functions in allergic and anaphylactic reactions by secretion of numerous inflammatory mediators. During an allergic response, the high-affinity IgE receptor, Fc?RI, becomes cross-linked by receptor-bound IgE and antigen resulting in immediate release of pre-synthesized mediators – stored in granules – as well as in de novo synthesis of various mediators like cytokines and chemokines. Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein (SNAP) receptors (SNARE) proteins were found to play a central role in regulating membrane fusion events during exocytosis. In addition, several accessory regulators like Munc13, Munc18, Rab GTPases, secretory carrier membrane proteins, complexins, or synaptotagmins were found to be involved in membrane fusion. In this review we summarize our current knowledge about the SNARE machinery and its mechanism of action in mast cell secretion.

Lorentz, Axel; Baumann, Anja; Vitte, Joana; Blank, Ulrich

2012-01-01

201

Consider synthetic lubricants for process machinery  

SciTech Connect

Judicious application of properly formulated synthetic lubricants can benefit a wide spectrum of process machinery. This informed usage is very likely to drive down overall maintenance and downtime expenditures and can markedly improve plant efficiency. The paper describes the origin of synthetic lubricants, then explains the principal features and attributes of the six base fluids: synthetic hydrocarbon fluids; organic esters; polyglycols; phosphate esters; silicones; and blends of the synthetic lubricants. The paper discusses the properties and advantages and gives brief highlights of successful case histories of the use of synthetic lubricants. These include: circulating oil system for furnace air preheaters; Right angle gear drives for fin fan coolers; plant-wide oil mist systems; and pulverizing mills in coal-fired generating plant. In the last case, an economic analysis is done to point out the savings possible in lubricant consumption cost, reduced maintenance cost, lubricant disposal cost, and reduction in power consumption.

Bloch, H.P. (Bloch, (Heinz P.), Montgomery, TX (United States)); Pate, A.R. Jr. (Summit Industrial Products, Tyler, TX (United States))

1995-01-01

202

Multiple Cylinder Free-Piston Stirling Machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to improve the specific power of piston-cylinder type machinery, there is a point in capacity or power where an advantage accrues with increasing number of piston-cylinder assemblies. In the case of Stirling machinery where primary energy is transferred across the casing wall of the machine, this consideration is even more important. This is due primarily to the difference in scaling of basic power and the required heat transfer. Heat transfer is found to be progressively limited as the size of the machine increases. Multiple cylinder machines tend to preserve the surface area to volume ratio at more favorable levels. In addition, the spring effect of the working gas in the so-called alpha configuration is often sufficient to provide a high frequency resonance point that improves the specific power. There are a number of possible multiple cylinder configurations. The simplest is an opposed pair of piston-displacer machines (beta configuration). A three-cylinder machine requires stepped pistons to obtain proper volume phase relationships. Four to six cylinder configurations are also possible. A small demonstrator inline four cylinder alpha machine has been built to demonstrate both cooling operation and power generation. Data from this machine verifies theoretical expectations and is used to extrapolate the performance of future machines. Vibration levels are discussed and it is argued that some multiple cylinder machines have no linear component to the casing vibration but may have a nutating couple. Example applications are discussed ranging from general purpose coolers, computer cooling, exhaust heat power extraction and some high power engines.

Berchowitz, David M.; Kwon, Yong-Rak

203

Learning from Babies: Vital Lessons for Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the positive outcomes from the Philadelphia-based Educating Children for Parenting (ECP) program, founded in 1978, which aims to take advantage of children's fascination with babies and their easily triggered emotional investment in learning how to care for them. The program brings a parent and infant into the classroom…

Puriefoy-Brinkley, Jacquelynn; Bardige, Betty

2004-01-01

204

Does the baby gain weight during labour?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was based on 6940 live singleton births without obvious congenital abnormalities delivered at 24-32 weeks. The birthweight of children born by Caesarean section was lower than that of those born vaginally. This applied whether the baby survived or died during the neonatal period; whether or not there was maternal hypertensive disease; and whether the delivery was at

Tim Chard

205

External Genital Anomalies in Newborn Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: External genital anomalies are common congenital anomalies, especially in male newborns. It seems that the incidence of these anomalies is increasing. Although the etiology of these anomalies is obscure in most cases, genetic and environmental factors have important roles. This study aimed to determine the types and frequency of these anomalies in newborn babies and to compare the results

Siamak Shiva; Pediatric Endocrinologist; Mohammad-Hosein Hoseinian

2008-01-01

206

Healthy Family 2009: Bringing in Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Healthy Family 2009 Bringing in Baby Past Issues / Winter 2009 Table of Contents For an enhanced version of ... for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Winter 2009 Issue: Volume 4 Number 1 Pages 3 - 4

207

Baby Boomers' Attitudes towards Product Placements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Including branded products within mass media programming is becoming common. Previous research has focused almost entirely on college-age students' attitudes about placements in movies and television. This research focuses on Baby Boomers and is the first to include questions about multiple media in forming attitudes towards product placements. Six hypotheses were tested. Attitude toward product placement is related to media

Nicole M. Schmoll; John Hafer; Michael Hilt; Hugh Reilly

2006-01-01

208

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

209

Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... hear and recognize your voice and might move in response to music. Your baby uses his or her sense of touch to practice important movements, including grasping and sucking, and he or she may start ... and moving often in the early weeks of the third trimester. Later, ...

210

The Optimum Thermal Environment for Naked Babies  

PubMed Central

The optimum thermal environment in which to nurse a baby naked in an incubator has been defined from a knowledge of the magnitude of the factors affecting thermal balance. Such a neutral environment allows body temperature to remain normal while oxygen consumption and evaporative water loss are both at a minimum.

Hey, E. N.; Katz, G.

1970-01-01

211

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

212

Analysis and remedies for torsional oscillations in rotating machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of operation of rotating machinery vibrations are inevitable. Consequences of long-term operation under cyclic loads are often catastrophic, as the fatigue stress of machinery elements may lead to breakdowns. It is well known that the level of vibrations should be minimised either by passive design of the system or by active damping efforts. The work presented in

Arkadiusz Dutka; Michal Orkisz

2011-01-01

213

52. VIEW NORTHEAST ACROSS WINDING MACHINERY: Overall view towards northwest ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

52. VIEW NORTHEAST ACROSS WINDING MACHINERY: Overall view towards northwest of the winding machinery on the first floor of the Washington and Mason Streets powerhouse and car barn. Photograph taken from museum mezzanine looking along the tension runs. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

214

4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ALONG SOUTH SIDE OF WESTERN PORTION OF BUILDING, FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE TO MACHINERY ROOM, LOOKING WEST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

215

46 CFR 58.01-40 - Machinery, angles of inclination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-40 Machinery, angles...and including 15°, and when the vessel is inclined under dynamic conditions (rolling) at any angle of list up to and...

2011-10-01

216

46 CFR 58.01-40 - Machinery, angles of inclination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-40 Machinery, angles...and including 15°, and when the vessel is inclined under dynamic conditions (rolling) at any angle of list up to and...

2012-10-01

217

Active Balancing and Vibration Control of Rotating Machinery: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vibration suppression of rotating machinery is an important engineering problem. In this paper, a review of the research work performed in real-time active balanc- ing and active vibration control for rotating machinery, as well as the research work on dynamic modeling and analy- sis techniques of rotor systems, is presented. The basic methodology and a brief assessment of major difficulties

Shiyu Zhou; Jianjun Shi

2001-01-01

218

Multilayers process modeling for complex machinery products collaborative design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaborative model and process model for complex machinery products collaborative design are studied in this paper. The authors propose a layer collaborative model, which is used to describe the layer collaborative process in complex machinery design firstly. It contains design layer dimension, design objective dimension, design cycle\\/period dimension and design constraint dimension. The model is described by state-space method and

Yin-zhang Guo; Jian-chao Zeng

2010-01-01

219

16. Sullivan Machinery Co. complex from the west. The Foundry ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Sullivan Machinery Co. complex from the west. The Foundry (1908) is on the left, and the Erecting Shop (1919) in the right foreground, with the Machine Shop (1905) beyond it. A Baltimore truss steel bridge, built in 1905, is visible in the center of the photograph. - Sullivan Machinery Company, Main Street between Pearl & Water Streets, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

220

Big dragon, little dragons : China's challenge to the machinery exports of southeast Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the extent of China's export boom in machinery and analyzes trade in components and finished machinery between China and Southeast Asia. China has increased its world market share in machinery exports. The median relative unit value of its finished machinery exports has also risen. Yet the author finds no evidence that China's expansion in the world machinery

Sjamsu Rahardja

2007-01-01

221

From Diapers to Underpants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses ways young children, families, and caregivers can work together in toilet learning. Describes signs of child readiness, and ways teachers can be supportive at this stage. Presents a classroom plan to facilitate toileting for 2- and 3- year-olds. Includes tips for parents and for caregivers related to toileting materials, toileting…

Bainer, Claire; Hale, Liisa

2000-01-01

222

46 CFR 169.631 - Separation of machinery and fuel tank spaces from accommodation spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Separation of machinery and fuel tank spaces from accommodation spaces. 169.631 Section 169.631 Shipping ...169.631 Separation of machinery and fuel tank spaces from accommodation spaces. (a) Machinery...

2011-10-01

223

46 CFR 169.631 - Separation of machinery and fuel tank spaces from accommodation spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Separation of machinery and fuel tank spaces from accommodation spaces. 169.631 Section 169.631 Shipping ...169.631 Separation of machinery and fuel tank spaces from accommodation spaces. (a) Machinery...

2012-10-01

224

46 CFR 177.620 - Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. 177.620 Section 177.620 Shipping...Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. In addition to the requirements of this subpart, ventilation systems for spaces containing machinery or fuel tanks...

2011-10-01

225

The incubation of a social movement? Preterm babies, parent activists, and neonatal productions in the US context.  

PubMed

This article explores health-based activism on the part of the US 'parents of preemies' movement, a mutual-help network mobilized around babies born precariously early and acutely dependent upon life-support incubators. The movement articulates two meta-agendas for parental empowerment: (1) the quest to access/exercise greater participatory inclusivity vis-à-vis the preterm baby within the biomedical domain; and, (2) the quest to secure/command greater representational authority over the preterm baby within the public domain. Seen in terms of the erosion of the status quo, it can be argued that the movement's tangible and intangible aims to chip away at these traditions have been softly revolutionary: heralding new working partnerships between medical practitioners and patients' families; radical shifts in the technological consciousness and competences of preemie parents; and cyborg changes in conventional categories of the person. Yet, seen in terms of a normative order of things, it can be argued that the movement has largely and willingly been "co/operated": meaning that it has been "cooperative," but equally "co-opted" and "operated into" the disciplinary trajectory of neonatal medicine as well as the historical march of biopolitics with its governance of the collective body populous. From this critical perspective, the movement qua social movement thus itself might be considered incubated--cocooned, gestated, disciplined--and brought into existence by the very powers and hegemonic (patriarchal) machinery that viable resistance might struggle to govern instead of serve. PMID:16039029

Landzelius, Kyra

2005-07-20

226

Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?  

PubMed Central

A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.

Bronfin, Daniel R.

2001-01-01

227

Smallpox vaccination in new born babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The results of neonatal smallpox vaccinations carried out in the Sassoon General Hospitals. Poona are presented. The success\\u000a rate of 98.91% was found which clearly shows the ability of infants to produce antibodies to a potent and powerful antigen\\u000a like vaccinia virus. It seems, therefore, that in spite of having an immature immune mechanism, the baby can be conveniently\\u000a and

Ramesh Bidwe; Maya Natu; P. V. Sathe

1971-01-01

228

Audit on immunisation in preterm babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe audit aimed to investigate the proportion of preterm babies in the neonatal unit who received their immunisation at 2, 3 and 4 months of age while still in-patients as recommended by the Department of Health.1Methods25 neonates between November 2008 and January 2009 were included in the audit. A data collection form was produced which included: name, DOB, hospital number,

N Iglesias; J Persaud

2010-01-01

229

An antifungal peptide from baby lima bean  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 6-kDa antifungal peptide with inhibitory activity on mycelial growth in Fusarium oxysporum, Mycosphaerella arachidicola, and Physalospora piricola was isolated from baby lima beans. The peptide suppressed growth in M. arachidicola with an IC50 of 0.87 ?M and inhibited activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with an IC50 of 4 ?M. The peptide exhibited an N-terminal amino acid sequence similar to those of

H. X. Wang; T. B. Ng

2006-01-01

230

Health Behaviors Among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among “Baby Boomer” caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state’s non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and 12,941 non-caregivers. Logistic regression models were estimated separately for four individual health-risk behaviors—smoking, sedentary behavior, and regular soda and fast-food consumption—as well as a global health-risk measure. Results: Controlling for psychological distress and personal characteristics and social resources such as age, gender, income and education, work and marital status, and neighborhood safety, caregivers had greater odds than non-caregivers of overall negative health behavior and of smoking and regular soda and fast-food consumption. We did not observe significant differences in odds of negative behavior related to stress for spousal caregivers and caregivers in the role for longer periods of time or those providing more hours of weekly care compared with other caregivers. Implications: Our study found evidence that Baby Boomer caregivers engage in poor health behaviors that are associated with exposure to caregiving. Baby Boomer caregivers may be at risk for certain behavioral factors that are associated with disability and chronic illness.

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

231

Congenital antral web in premature baby.  

PubMed

Antral web is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction in neonate. It is a 2-4 mm thin mucous membrane that can be found anywhere from 1 to 7 cm proximal to the pylorus. The baby was born at gestational age of 32(+1) weeks with 1,880 g as 2nd baby of dizygotic twin. After birth, the baby had constant non-bilious vomiting without feeding while he didn't show abdominal distension or discoloration. The infantogram showed distended stomach with distal small bowel gas. Upper gastrointestinal series revealed that the antrum was abruptly narrowed at 1 cm proximal to pylorus. We performed laparotomy at the 10th day after birth and excised the 2 mm-thick web circumferentially. He began milk feeding after 6 days and discharged uneventfully at postoperative 35 days with corrected age of 38(+4) weeks with body weight 2,420 g. The antral web should be considered in the case of non-bilious vomiting in neonate. PMID:24010106

Nam, So-Hyun; Koo, Soo Hyun; Chung, Mi Lim; Jung, Yu Jin; Lim, Yun-Jung

2013-03-31

232

Survey of infection in babies at the Khoula Hospital, Oman.  

PubMed

A 12-month prospective study of infection was carried out in the special care baby unit (SCBU), Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. During this period, 8720 babies were born in the hospital and 1265 were admitted to the SCBU. Altogether, 490 babies were of less than 36 weeks' gestation. A total of 190 babies (160 born in the hospital, 30 born before admission) satisfied the criteria for infection. The most common clinical presentation was pneumonia. There was one outbreak of iatrogenic infection. Infection was confirmed microbiologically in 76 of 190 symptomatic babies. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common pathogen and was isolated from 48 infected babies (25%). Beta-haemolytic streptococci were isolated from superficial sites only in eight babies. Klebsiella spp were the commonest enteric bacteria isolated, but they were rarely associated with infection. Of 46 babies who had bacteraemia, 9 also had meningitis. Nine of the 46 babies died, including 6 of the 9 who had meningitis. The mortality following Gram-negative infection was higher than that following Gram-positive infection. Fourteen per cent of infected babies born in hospital and 27% of those born before admission died. A high proportion of bacteria isolated were resistant to ampicillin and/or gentamicin. Results suggest that alternative antibiotics would be more appropriate for initial treatment. The study shows that in developing countries, unsophisticated research, using basic facilities, can be of value in identifying the problems of infection and in recognizing possible solutions to them. PMID:1694643

Rajab, A; De Louvois, J

1990-03-01

233

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Service Industry Machines Special Industry Machinery Speed Changers, High Speed Drivers & Gears Steam, Gas, Hydraulic Turbines, Generator Units Switchgear & Switchboard Apparatus Textile Machinery Transformers Welding Apparatus...

2011-07-01

234

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The main reasons for doing so included babies' enjoyment of them and the fact that the walker was used for an older sibling. Although none of the users listed safety concerns as a reason to stop using the walker, non-users (45%) did so; 12.5% of the users had at least one walker related injury. CONCLUSIONS: Parents of babies who use a walker perceive them as beneficial. However these babies are placed at unnecessary risk. It behoves all health professionals and child carers to alert parents to these dangers and the sale of walkers should be reviewed.

Laffoy, M.; Fitzpatrick, P.; Jordan, M.; Dowdall, D.

1995-01-01

235

28. View of operating machinery shoeing electric motor, clutch drive ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. View of operating machinery shoeing electric motor, clutch drive wheel and hand-painted alignment dial, (Nov. 25, 1988) - University Heights Bridge, Spanning Harlem River at 207th Street & West Harlem Road, New York, New York County, NY

236

14. MACHINERY DETAILS: CENTER WHEEL FRAME AND AXEL, JACK WHEEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. MACHINERY DETAILS: CENTER WHEEL FRAME AND AXEL, JACK WHEEL FRAME, JACK NUT HOUSING, JACK NUT, ETC. - Niantic River Swing Bridge, Spanning Niantic River between East Lyme & Waterford, Old Lyme, New London County, CT

237

Condition Monitoring Technology for Civil Works Lock Operating Machinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This pilot project successfully demonstrated condition monitoring and predictive maintenance at Port Allen Lock by installation of programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and field sensors for lock operating machinery and structural components at one of the...

A. Schimpf L. D. Stephenson A. Kumar

2003-01-01

238

6. REMAINS OF WATER POWERED MACHINERY USED TO POWER GRIST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. REMAINS OF WATER POWERED MACHINERY USED TO POWER GRIST MILL. NOTE BELT HANGING FROM WOODEN WHEEL IN UPPER RIGHT HAND CORNER OF PHOTOGRAPH. - Plante Grist Mill, U.S. Route 44, Chepachet, Providence County, RI

239

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Installation of refrigerating machinery. (a) Where refrigerating machines are installed in which anhydrous ammonia is used as a refrigerant, such machines shall be located in a well-ventilated, isolated compartment, preferably on the deck, but in...

2011-10-01

240

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Installation of refrigerating machinery. (a) Where refrigerating machines are installed in which anhydrous ammonia is used as a refrigerant, such machines shall be located in a well-ventilated, isolated compartment, preferably on the deck, but in...

2012-10-01

241

5. INTERIOR, FIRST FLOOR, WEST VIEW OF MACHINERY FRAME, SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR, FIRST FLOOR, WEST VIEW OF MACHINERY FRAME, SHOWING MAIN VERTICAL SHAFT WITH CAST-IRON WALLOWER GEAR AT LOWER END, AND THE GREAT SPUR WHEEL OF ALL WOODEN CONSTRUCTION - Robeson-Williams Grist Mill, Roslyn, Nassau County, NY

242

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...103-9 Section 111.103-9 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop...

2012-10-01

243

87. DAM TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY TRAVELING HOIST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

87. DAM - TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY - TRAVELING HOIST - AMERICAN TYPE ASSEMBLY (ML-5-55/111-FS), February 1938 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

244

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.215 Abrasive wheel... (a) General requirements â(1) Machine guarding. Abrasive wheels shall be used only on machines provided with safety guards as...

2013-07-01

245

49. VIEW OF OPERATING MACHINERY AND TAINTER VALVES IN COFFERDAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. VIEW OF OPERATING MACHINERY AND TAINTER VALVES IN COFFERDAM Photograph No. 1459. August 31, 1936 - Upper Mississippi River Nine-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 25, Cap au Gris, Lincoln County, MO

246

28. VIEW OF MITER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, SHOWING MITER GATE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. VIEW OF MITER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, SHOWING MITER GATE, GATE STRUT, AND SECTOR ARM, LOOKING EAST - Upper Mississippi River Nine-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 25, Cap au Gris, Lincoln County, MO

247

29. VIEW OF TAINTER GATE VALVE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSING AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. VIEW OF TAINTER GATE VALVE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSING AND LOCKMAN'S SHELTER, LOOKING NORTHEAST (UPSTREAM) - Upper Mississippi River Nine-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 25, Cap au Gris, Lincoln County, MO

248

Monitoring of vibrating machinery using artificial neural networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary source of vibration in complex engineering systems is rotating machinery. Vibration signatures collected from these components render valuable information about the operational state of the system and may be used to perform diagnostics. For ex...

I. E. Alguindigue A. Loskiewicz-Buczak R. E. Uhrig

1991-01-01

249

11. AUXILIARY MOTOR AT CENTER OF MACHINERY ROOM INSIDE DRUM. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. AUXILIARY MOTOR AT CENTER OF MACHINERY ROOM INSIDE DRUM. OIL CUP TO MAIN CENTER BEARING BELOW. - Burlington Northern Railroad Bridge, Spanning Willamette River at River Mile 6.9, Portland, Multnomah County, OR

250

46. Interior detail of barge crane engine house with machinery. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. Interior detail of barge crane engine house with machinery. Lambert Hoisting Engine Company Winder Powered by A Gray Marine Diesel. - Barbour Boat Works, Tryon Palace Drive, New Bern, Craven County, NC

251

23. VIEW OF LE CLAIRE LOCK (19211925), SHOWING OPERATING MACHINERY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. VIEW OF LE CLAIRE LOCK (1921-1925), SHOWING OPERATING MACHINERY, DOWSTREAM GATES, UPSTREAM SIDE - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 14, Upper Mississippi River, Le Claire, Scott County, IA

252

95. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING, SPAN 1, DETAILS OF TURNTABLE MACHINERY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

95. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING, SPAN 1, DETAILS OF TURNTABLE MACHINERY, 3/4' and 1 1/2' = 1' (CENTER CONE, RADIAL STRUT RING, TRACK, ROLLERS, PINION GEARS) - Keokuk & Hamilton Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River, Keokuk, Lee County, IA

253

97. DAM TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY TRAVELING HOIST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

97. DAM - TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY - TRAVELING HOIST - AMERICAN TYPE ASSEMBLY (ML-4-55/111-FS), February 1938 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 4, Alma, Buffalo County, WI

254

100. DAM TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY AMERICAN HOIST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

100. DAM - TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY - AMERICAN HOIST CAR ELECTRIFICATION ASSEMBLY (ML-4-55/146), January 1958 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 4, Alma, Buffalo County, WI

255

98. DAM TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY TRAVELING HOIST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

98. DAM - TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY - TRAVELING HOIST - AMERICAN TYPE ASSEMBLY (ML-4&5-55/112-FS), March 1934 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 4, Alma, Buffalo County, WI

256

5. INTERIOR VIEW, SHOWING TEST MACHINERY IN FOREGROUND AND CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR VIEW, SHOWING TEST MACHINERY IN FOREGROUND AND CONTROL ROOM IN BACKGROUND. - Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Area B, Building 20, Propeller Laboratory, Northwest corner of Seventh & E Streets, Dayton, Montgomery County, OH

257

94. DAM TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY METHOD OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

94. DAM - TAINTER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY - METHOD OF ATTACHING LIFTING CHAINS TO DRUMS OF HOIST - LAKESIDE TYPE (ML-4&5-55/34-FS), February 1938 - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 4, Alma, Buffalo County, WI

258

36. DETAILS FOR SCREENING MACHINERY, DEER ISLAND PUMPING STATION, METROPOLITAN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

36. DETAILS FOR SCREENING MACHINERY, DEER ISLAND PUMPING STATION, METROPOLITAN WATER AND SEWERAGE BOARD, METROPOLITAN SEWERAGE WORKS, DECEMBER 1909. Aperture card 6611-1 - Deer Island Pumping Station, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

259

39. TAINTER GATE VALVES, OPERATING MACHINERY, AND VALVE ASSEMBLED AUXILIARY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

39. TAINTER GATE VALVES, OPERATING MACHINERY, AND VALVE ASSEMBLED AUXILIARY LOCK. January 1932 - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 15, Upper Mississipi River (Arsenal Island), Rock Island, Rock Island County, IL

260

Adaptive sway control for baby bassinet based on artificial metabolic algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

To improve the household management and decrease the young parents' Labor intensity, a new baby bassinet is made. The kind of bassinet can realize adaptive sway according to baby status. Some sensors can apperceive the movement of baby and other information such as baby cry. Alarm signal can be produced according to baby abnormity status. A kind of artificial metabolic

Yang Hu; Weihua Gui

2009-01-01

261

65. CALIFORNIA STREET CABLE RAILWAY WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

65. CALIFORNIA STREET CABLE RAILWAY - WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of February 1955 photograph showing the winding machinery of the California Street Cable Railroad. The two suspended sheaves on the right of the photograph bore down on the cable as it left the winders, supplying tension to the cable and eliminating the need for a long tension run. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

262

Exploring functional relationships between components of the gene expression machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eukaryotic gene expression requires the coordinated activity of many macromolecular machines including transcription factors and RNA polymerase, the spliceosome, mRNA export factors, the nuclear pore, the ribosome and decay machineries. Yeast carrying mutations in genes encoding components of these machineries were examined using microarrays to measure changes in both pre-mRNA and mRNA levels. We used these measurements as a quantitative

Todd Burckin; Roland Nagel; Yael Mandel-Gutfreund; Lily Shiue; Tyson A Clark; Jean-Leon Chong; Tien-Hsien Chang; Sharon Squazzo; Grant Hartzog; Manuel Ares Jr

2005-01-01

263

Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

V P Bhatia; G P Katiyar; K N Agarwal; T K Das; P K Dey

1980-01-01

264

Hazards of baby walkers in a European context.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS: 49 babies with baby walker related injuries brought to the emergency clinics during the period May 1994 to April 1995. RESULTS: The incidence of these injuries was 16 per thousand person years of users, or 3.5 per thousand babies per year. More boys than girls were brought to the hospital for these injuries and the incidence density was highest during the ninth and 10th month of age. Falls from heights, particularly stairs, were the most frequent cause of baby walker related injuries, especially among younger babies. The majority of these injuries were of minor severity, but three babies had bone fractures and one had a second degree facial burn. Six babies required hospitalization and for seven others, a follow up visit was needed. The higher proportion of hospitalization among girls than boys raises the possibility that boys with minor injuries are more frequently brought to the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Baby walkers impart a significant risk of injury from a consumer product that provides no clearly identifiable benefit. As most baby walker injuries happen on stairs, modifications in product design are required to reduce these injuries. Moreover, parents should be forcefully advised of the risks and predisposing conditions, if baby walkers are to be used at all.

Petridou, E.; Simou, E.; Skondras, C.; Pistevos, G.; Lagos, P.; Papoutsakis, G.

1996-01-01

265

Baby walker related injuries--a continuing problem.  

PubMed Central

Baby walkers have been associated with burns, head trauma and other types of injury. A retrospective study of all infants under the age of two years attending an accident and emergency unit demonstrated 22 injuries associated with baby walkers from a total of 1049 attendances. The most serious injuries were three skull fractures, with the most common mechanism being of a fall downstairs in the walker. Injury while in a baby walker occurred with a similar frequency to injury due to road traffic accidents. We conclude that despite previous warnings Baby Walkers still represent a considerable hazard to infants.

Coats, T J; Allen, M

1991-01-01

266

The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies  

PubMed Central

AIM—To obtain a prevalence rate and determine the distribution of accidental bruising in babies.?METHODS—177 babies aged 6-12 months were examined naked to look for bruises. They were seen in health visitor hearing test clinics and child health surveillance clinics. The site, size, shape, and colour of bruises were recorded on a skin map, and the parent's explanation noted. Any other injury was recorded. Data collection included the baby's age, mobility and weight, demographic details, and health visitor concerns.?RESULTS—Twenty two babies had bruises, giving a prevalence rate of 12%. There was a total of 32 bruises, 15 babies had one bruise. All bruises were found on the front of the body and were located over bony prominences. Twenty five of the bruises were on the face and head, and seven were on the shin. The babies with bruises on the shin were mobile. There was a highly significant increase in bruises with increase in mobility.?CONCLUSIONS—The study has produced a prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies and sets a baseline from which to work when assessing bruises. It also tested out the methodology, which could be used in further research, particularly of younger babies. Clinicians need to assess a baby's level of development when considering whether a bruise is accidental.??

Carpenter, R

1999-01-01

267

Baby walker related injuries--a continuing problem.  

PubMed

Baby walkers have been associated with burns, head trauma and other types of injury. A retrospective study of all infants under the age of two years attending an accident and emergency unit demonstrated 22 injuries associated with baby walkers from a total of 1049 attendances. The most serious injuries were three skull fractures, with the most common mechanism being of a fall downstairs in the walker. Injury while in a baby walker occurred with a similar frequency to injury due to road traffic accidents. We conclude that despite previous warnings Baby Walkers still represent a considerable hazard to infants. PMID:1854395

Coats, T J; Allen, M

1991-03-01

268

Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate…

Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

2012-01-01

269

Baby Minds: Brain-Building Games Your Baby Will Love. Birth to Age Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research points to the inborn abilities of infants and shows how early experiences influence cognitive skills. This book presents activities for parents and their infants--building on activities babies instinctively love--to develop their unique abilities. The book is organized around six intellectual skills: (1) problem solving; (2)…

Acredolo, Linda; Goodwyn, Susan

270

'Baby Doe' rulings-review and comment.  

PubMed

The recent controversy over the "Baby Doe" regulations issued by the Department of Health and Human Services represents the culmination of a dilemma that has faced the medical and legal professions for more than a decade. Although they have not been upheld by the courts, the regulations express the position that withholding treatment from defective newborns may constitute discrimination on the basis of handicap and advocate mechanisms for the reporting of such practices. Legislation regarding this issue is pending at both the national and state levels. The rulings have been disputed by many medical and professional groups, which are working to provide acceptable alternatives. PMID:6730486

Britton, J R

1984-02-01

271

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery space-TB/ALL. 30.10-42 Section 30.10-42...PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-42 Machinery spaceâTB/ALL. The term machinery space means any space that contains machinery...

2012-10-01

272

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space-TB/ALL. 30.10-42 Section 30.10-42...PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-42 Machinery spaceâTB/ALL. The term machinery space means any space that contains machinery...

2011-10-01

273

Operational safety practices as determinants of machinery-related injury on Saskatchewan farms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural machinery is a major source of injury on farms. The importance of machinery safety practices as potential determinants of injury remains incompletely understood. We examined two such safety practices as risk factors for injury: (1) the presence of safety devices on machinery and (2) low levels of routine machinery maintenance. Our data source was the Saskatchewan Farm Injury Cohort

Gopinath R. Narasimhan; Yingwei Peng; Trever G. Crowe; Louise Hagel; James Dosman; William Pickett

2010-01-01

274

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...machinery plants include machinery plants and spaces that are automated...minimally attended machinery plant. (a) General. The requirements...category A machinery space, uptakes, or casings. The fire control...hazards have been minimized, and plant status is suitable for...

2010-10-01

275

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...machinery plants include machinery plants and spaces that are automated...minimally attended machinery plant. (a) General. The requirements...category A machinery space, uptakes, or casings. The fire control...hazards have been minimized, and plant status is suitable for...

2009-10-01

276

Successful outcome of an abandoned baby infested with maggots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child abandonment, which is a form of child abuse, is a common happening in Nigeria and other parts of the world. Other forms of child abuse include physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and sexual abuse. Some babies are sighted abandoned in gutters, by the riverside, on debris, or in pit latrine! Most of these babies are products of unwanted pregnancies

O O Adesiyun; M A N Adeboye; A O Saka; M B Abdulkadir; A G Y Oloko; R I Lawal; O S Mokuolu; S S Mohammed; G M David

2010-01-01

277

Talking with Your Baby: Family as the First School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that children s first words are exciting for parents to hear, this book describes how babies can "talk" before they learn to say actual words and shows ways parents can help babies learn language. The book addresses a neglected area in child development--how to help low literacy parents and parents for whom English is a Second Language…

Honig, Alice Sterling; Brophy, Holly Elisabeth

278

Baby-Shiatsu – eine energetische Ergänzung zur osteopathischen Behandlung  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby-Shiatsu is gaining acceptance as a supplementary treatment by more and more Osteopaths. We can contribute this to the fact that structural work combines ideally with traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine which is concerned with energetic development.The basis of Baby Shiatsu is the model of energetic development [1, 2] which theorizes that the energy lines of the body called meridians

Karin Kalbantner-Wernicke; Thomas Wernicke

2010-01-01

279

Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2011-01-01

280

Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

Cunningham, DiAnne H.

2009-01-01

281

Fussy Babies, Worried Families, and a New Service Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors document the conceptualization, over time, of "fussy baby syndrome" and the establishment of a Fussy Baby Clinic. Excessive infant crying (commonly called colic) typically subsides in the first 3 months but may set up a cycle of parent-infant distress. Families studied felt a high degree of emotional stress and physical exhaustion;…

Gilkerson, Linda; Gray, Larry; Mork, Nancy

2005-01-01

282

Baby Boom Caregivers: Care in the Age of Individualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Many Baby Boomers are faced with the care of aging parents, as well as that of disabled or ill spouses or children. This study examines how Baby Boomers in Quebec, Canada, perceive and play their role as caregivers and how this might differ from their parents' generation. Design and methods: This was a qualitative and empirical study…

Guberman, Nancy; Lavoie, Jean-Pierre; Blein, Laure; Olazabal, Ignace

2012-01-01

283

Teenagers and Their Babies: A Perinatal Home Visitor's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Teenagers and Their Babies" is a self-study and preparation guide for paraprofessional home-based visitors to engage expectant and new parents in an exploration of their baby's development and their expectations for parenthood. The guide includes service interventions--strategies, techniques, and activities--for home visitors and doulas to use…

Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

2008-01-01

284

CDC Vital Signs: Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives  

MedlinePLUS

... baby boomers saves lives On this Page Introduction Problem Infographic What Can Be Done Science Behind this Issue Related Links Social Media Read Associated MMWR 3 Million About 3 million adults in the US are infected with the hepatitis C virus, most are baby boomers. ...

285

Better Baby Care: A Book for Family Day Care Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A resource for child caregivers providing family day care for infants and toddlers, this book is designed to provide information and suggestions in a format that is easy to follow, and in language that is easy to read. Chapter 1 gives tips on "baby-proofing" the home, as well as ideas for toys, equipment, and how to integrate a baby into the…

Nash, Margaret; Tate, Costella

286

Hazards of baby walkers in a European context  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS:

E. Petridou; E. Simou; C. Skondras; G. Pistevos; P. Lagos; G. Papoutsakis

1996-01-01

287

Baby walkers —an underestimated hazard for our children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby walkers (BWs) continue to be a frequent cause of head injuries in young children. A random sample survey of 240 families with children aged 2–6 years revealed a use rate of bady walkers of 55%. Of the children using baby walkers 20% were found to have suffered a BW-related accident. In a retrospective study we reviewed 172 case reports

J. Mayr; M. Gaisl; K. Purtscher; H. Noeres; G. Schimpl; G. Fasching

1994-01-01

288

The total thermal insulation of the new-born baby.  

PubMed

1. One hundred and seventeen healthy new-born babies weighing between 0.9 and 4.8 kg at delivery have been studied during the first ten days of life, and sixteen of these babies have been studied serially for 6 weeks after birth. The babies lay supine in a draught-free environment (air speed 4-5 cm/sec) of moderate humidity. The operative temperature was between 26 and 38 degrees C for the babies who were studied naked.2. Total non-evaporative heat loss was calculated from simultaneous measurements of oxygen consumption, evaporative water loss and the concomitant change in mean body temperature.3. Approximately 10% of the total body surface area was in contact with the mattress or floor. Conductive heat loss accounted for only about 5% of all non-evaporative heat loss when the naked baby was lying on a thick foam mattress, but for as much as 25% when the baby was lying in a water-jacketed chamber with a floor of clear plastic approximately 5 mm thick.4. Insulation to heat loss by convection and radiation varied with environmental temperature. Total specific insulation was low in a warm environment when the naked baby vasodilated, and rose by between 16 and 25% to a maximum in an environment of 31 degrees C. It decreased significantly when the baby became physically active in environments with a temperature less than this.5. Total specific insulation in an environment of 31 degrees C varied with body size: it averaged 0.156 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in seven naked babies weighing 0.9-1.2 kg, rose to 0.190 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in twelve babies weighing 1.8-2.2 kg, and averaged 0.201 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in the thirty-four babies who weighed over 3 kg. Tissue insulation accounted for 23% of this total specific insulation in the smaller babies, and about 28% of the total in babies weighing over 3 kg.6. Clothing ten babies in a vest, napkin and long cotton nightdress increased the total specific insulation by an average of 0.23 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal. PMID:5503276

Hey, E N; Katz, G; O'Connell, B

1970-05-01

289

7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

2013-01-01

290

FOREWORD: 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, will be held in Beijing, China, 19-23 August 2012. It is jointly organized by Tsinghua University, State Key Laboratory of Hydro Science and Hydraulic Engineering, China, Jiangsu University, Xi'an University of Technology, China Agricultural University, National Engineering Research Center of Hydropower Equipment and Dongfang Electric Machinery Co., Ltd. It is the second time that China hosts such a symposium. By the end of 2011, the China electrical power system had a total of 1 050 GW installed power, out of which 220 GW was in hydropower plants. The energy produced in hydropower facilities was 662.6 TWh from a total of 4,720 TWh electrical energy production in 2011. Moreover, in 2020, new hydropower capacities are going to be developed, with a total of 180 GW installed power and an estimated 708 TWh/year energy production. And in 2011, the installed power of pumped storage stations was about 25GW. In 2020, the data will be 70GW. At the same time, the number of pumps used in China is increasing rapidly. China produces about 29,000,000 pumps with more than 220 series per year. By the end of 2011, the Chinese pumping system has a total of 950 GW installed power. The energy consumed in pumping facilities was 530 TWh in 2011. The pump energy consumption accounted for about 12% of the national electrical energy production. Therefore, there is a large market in the field of hydraulic machinery including water turbines, pump turbines and a variety of pumps in China. There are also many research projects in this field. For example, we have conducted National Key Research Projects on 1000 MW hydraulic turbine, and on the pump turbines with high head, as well as on the large capacity pumps for water supply. Tsinghua University of Beijing is proud to host the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems. Tsinghua University was established in 1911, after the founding of the People's Republic of China. It was molded into a polytechnic institute focusing on engineering in the nationwide restructuring of universities and colleges undertaken in 1952. At present, the university has 14 schools and 56 departments with faculties in science, engineering, humanities, law, medicine, history, philosophy, economics, management, education and art. The University now has over 25 900 students, including 13 100 undergraduates and 12 800 graduate students. As one of China's most renowned universities, Tsinghua has become an important institution for fostering talents and scientific research. The International Association of Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR) particularly promotes the advancement and exchange of knowledge through working groups, specialty symposia, congresses, and publications on water resources, river and coastal hydraulics, risk analysis, energy, environment, disaster prevention, and industrial processes. The IAHR Committee on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems deals with the advancement of technology associated with the understanding of steady and unsteady flow characteristics in hydraulic machinery and conduit systems connected to the machinery. The technology elements include the fluid behaviour within machine components, hydro-elastic behaviour of machine components, cavitation and two phase flow in turbines and pumps, hydraulic machine and plant control systems, the use of hydraulic machines to improve water quality, and even considerations to improve fish survival in their passage through hydro plants. The main emphases of the IAHR Committee on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are to stimulate research and understanding of the technologies associated with hydraulic machinery and to promote interaction between the machine designers, machine users, the academic community, and the community as a whole. Hydraulic machinery is both cost effective and environmentally friendly. The goals of the IAHR Committee on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are to improve the value of hydraulic machinery to the end user, to the societies, and to improve societies u

Wu, Yulin; Wang, Zhengwei; Liu, Shuhong; Yuan, Shouqi; Luo, Xingqi; Wang, Fujun

2012-11-01

291

39. REBUILT ENGINES AND WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of December 1906 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

39. REBUILT ENGINES AND WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of December 1906 photograph of the steam engines and winding machinery at the Washington and Mason Street powerhouse. View towards west. United Railroads of San Francisco rebuilt the damaged engines and winders shown in CA-12-60 and CA-12-61. There are no cables strung over the winders in this photograph, indicating that the firm had yet to resume service. Note the rough shed erected over the engines to protect them from weather while work continued on the reconstruction of the powerhouse. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

292

Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure  

SciTech Connect

After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

2007-12-20

293

An antifungal peptide from baby lima bean.  

PubMed

A 6-kDa antifungal peptide with inhibitory activity on mycelial growth in Fusarium oxysporum, Mycosphaerella arachidicola, and Physalospora piricola was isolated from baby lima beans. The peptide suppressed growth in M. arachidicola with an IC(50) of 0.87 muM and inhibited activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with an IC(50) of 4 muM. The peptide exhibited an N-terminal amino acid sequence similar to those of leguminous defensins. The isolation procedure comprised ion exchange chromatography on diethylaminoethyl (DEAE)-cellulose, affinity chromatography on Affi-gel blue gel, ion exchange chromatography on carboxymethyl (CM)-cellulose, and gel filtration by fast protein liquid chromatography on Superdex 75. The peptide was unadsorbed on DEAE-cellulose and Affi-gel blue gel but was adsorbed on CM-cellulose. PMID:16850300

Wang, H X; Ng, T B

2006-07-19

294

Parents of Battered Babies: A Controlled Study  

PubMed Central

A controlled investigation of 214 parents of battered babies shows that they were young and predominantly of lower social class. Premature parenthood is an associated feature. Among the mothers 76% had an abnormal personality and 48% were neurotic. Nearly half were of borderline or subnormal intelligence; 11% had a criminal record. Of the fathers 64% had an abnormal personality, more than half being psychopaths. Twenty-nine per cent. had a criminal record. Recidivism is an associated feature. The risk of battering possibly diminishes with time. The teaching of appropriate child-rearing skills, symptomatic relief, and social relearning are suggested as realistically based treatment methods and should be combined with a care order. When response to treatment appears unlikely permanent removal from parental care should be considered.

Smith, Selwyn M.; Hanson, Ruth; Noble, Sheila

1973-01-01

295

Pregnant heroin addict: what about the baby?  

PubMed

Heroin misuse in pregnancy is a significant health and social problem, and it can have an adverse effect on the mother and the baby. Although heroin and methadone have no specific teratogenic potential, 48-94% of children exposed in utero will have neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The primary aim of this case report is to raise awareness of NAS among clinicians and to remind them that although very common, it is not inevitable. The risk of NAS can be further minimised by offering comprehensive and co-ordinated antenatal care that addresses the various biopsychosocial needs of the pregnant woman. Further, a brief description of NAS and a review of evidence in the field of management of opioid misuse in pregnancy, as relevant to this case, are provided. We have also included the patient's own reflections on her pregnancy and treatment. PMID:22328902

Namboodiri, Vasudevan; George, Sanju; Boulay, Sylvie; Fair, Mandy

2010-02-11

296

Electrical Hardware for Automation Machinery of Recent Cold Mills  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently installed cold rolling mills use much new automation machinery. This paper evaluates five automation systems commonly used on eight recently installed cold mills. Key parts of several of the schemes are explained in detail. Field results of the systems are reported, together with suggestions for future designs. Automatic slow-down, main drive spindle positioning, entry end coil handling, interstand equipment,

John J. Connors

1973-01-01

297

The Machinery of Management: Leadership (MM2). Workforce 2000 Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum package on leadership--the machinery of management for supervisors, auditors, and training instructors has been developed by the Workforce 2000 Partnership, a network of industries and educational institutions that provides training in communication, computation, and creative thinking to employees and supervisors in textile,…

Enterprise State Junior Coll., AL.

298

Agricultural Machinery - Equipment. Agricultural Cooperative Training. Vocational Agricluture. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for students enrolled in the Agricultural Cooperative Part-Time Training Program, this course of study contains 12 units on agricultural machinery mechanics. Units include (examples of unit topics in parentheses): introduction (agricultural mechanics as an occupation; safety--shop and equipment; use of holding devices, jacks, lifts, and…

Sandlin, David, Comp.; And Others

299

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Machinery Service Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These Illinois skill standards for agriculture machinery service technician are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

300

The ESCRT machinery in endosomal sorting of ubiquitylated membrane proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selective trafficking of membrane proteins to lysosomes for destruction is required for proper cell signalling and metabolism. Ubiquitylation aids this process by specifying which proteins should be transported to the lysosome lumen by the multivesicular endosome pathway. The endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery sorts cargo labelled with ubiquitin into invaginations of endosome membranes. Then, through a highly

Camilla Raiborg; Harald Stenmark

2009-01-01

301

Viral subversion of the host protein synthesis machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viruses are fully reliant on the translation machinery of their host cells to produce the polypeptides that are essential for viral replication. Consequently, viruses recruit host ribosomes to translate viral mRNAs, typically using virally encoded functions to seize control of cellular translation factors and the host signalling pathways that regulate their activity. This not only ensures that viral proteins will

Derek Walsh; Ian Mohr

2011-01-01

302

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Machinery Service Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These Illinois skill standards for agriculture machinery service technician are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

303

Distant view from downstream of lock with southeast machinery house, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Distant view from downstream of lock with southeast machinery house, SF 109, and timber guide wall on left, exterior view of closed lower lock gates and hydro-electric power house and dam in background, view towards west - St. Lucie Canal, St. Lucie Lock No. 1, St. Lucie, Cross State Canal, Okeechobee Intracoastal Waterway, Stuart, Martin County, FL

304

34. VIEW SOUTHEAST, WEST ABUTMENT OF OPERATING MACHINERY LARGE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. VIEW SOUTHEAST, WEST ABUTMENT OF OPERATING MACHINERY - LARGE GEAR AT LEFT CENTER IS 'D' - REFER TO STRAUSS SHEETS #15 AND #18 FOR POWER TRAIN RELATIONSHIPS - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

305

How to Anchor Machinery in Your School Shop  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An industrial arts teacher explains the need to mount school shop machinery securely and describes methods of mounting permanently or temporarily. Reasons for anchoring machine tools are safety, accuracy of operation, and the prevention of damage to the machine. Five figures illustrate anchoring and leveling. (MF)|

Walker, John R.

1978-01-01

306

Tracing the evolution of the mitochondrial protein import machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mitochondria are eukaryotic organelles originated from a single bacterial endosymbiosis about 2 billion years ago. One of the earliest events in the evolution of mitochondria was the acquisition of a mechanism that facilitated the import of proteins from cytosol. The mitochondrial protein import machinery consists of dozens of subunits, and they are of modular design. However, to date, it is

Zhen Liu; Xiao Li; Peihu Zhao; Junhong Gui; Wen Zheng; Yizheng Zhang

2011-01-01

307

Vibration-Based Damage Detection in Rotating Machinery  

SciTech Connect

Damage detection as determined from changes in the vibration characteristics of a system has been a popular research topic for the last thirty years. Numerous damage identification algorithms have been proposed for detecting and locating damage in structural and mechanical systems. To date, these damage-detection methods have shown mixed results. A particular application of vibration-based damage detection that has perhaps enjoyed the greatest success is that of damage detection in rotating machinery. This paper summarizes the state of technology in vibration-based damage detection applied to rotating machinery. The review interprets the damage detection process in terms of a statistical pattern recognition paradigm that encompasses all vibration-based damage detection methods and applications. The motivation for the study reported herein is to identify the reasons that vibration-based damage detection has been successfully applied to rotating machinery, but has yet to show robust applications to civil engineering infrastructure. The paper concludes by comparing and contrasting the vibration-based damage detection applied to rotating machinery with large civil engineering infrastructure applications.

Farrar, C.R.; Duffey, T.A.

1999-06-28

308

Agricultural Machinery - Equipment. Agricultural Cooperative Training. Vocational Agricluture. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students enrolled in the Agricultural Cooperative Part-Time Training Program, this course of study contains 12 units on agricultural machinery mechanics. Units include (examples of unit topics in parentheses): introduction (agricultural mechanics as an occupation; safety--shop and equipment; use of holding devices, jacks, lifts, and…

Sandlin, David, Comp.; And Others

309

11. Forward machinery space looking aft toward starboard side, showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Forward machinery space looking aft toward starboard side, showing blower engine in foreground with belt running to blower. Steering engine lies in background; note sheave for port side steering cable in upper right hand corner of view. - Ferry TICONDEROGA, Route 7, Shelburne, Chittenden County, VT

310

Forecast of development trends in Taiwan's machinery industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industry transformation oriented toward high technology is being expected in the next 10 years by targeting Taiwan becoming an island of the technology. The machinery industry, which has been playing a vital role in Taiwan's economic development in the past, should be continuously emphasized during the course of the future development. This paper presents a detailed study on the future

Pao-Cheng Chang; Chien-Pin Wang; Benjamin J. C Yuan; Kai-Ting Chuang

2002-01-01

311

COURSE OUTLINE FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE OBJECTIVE OF THE 16-MODULE COURSE OUTLINED IN THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE FORMER FARMERS, HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS AND GRADUATES, AND UNEMPLOYED, AND EMPLOYED PERSONS FOR OCCUPATIONAL ENTRY AS AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SETUP MEN, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, MECHANICS, PARTS MEN, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

312

SELF-ORGANISING NEURAL NETWORKS FOR AUTOMATED MACHINERY MONITORING SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two fundamental problems that are frequently encountered in automated machinery monitoring and diagnostics are formulated into their corresponding mathematical problems of clustering and trend analysis. The need for and the efficiency of multiple-index based trend analysis, in both accurately evaluating the current condition of a machine system using on-line vibration measurements and obtaining a reliable prediction of its future behaviour,

S. Zhang; R. Ganesan; G. D. Xistris

1996-01-01

313

19. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK AT CENTRAL PEDESTAL AREA, SNOWING CENTER RING, RADIALS TO EDGE ROLLERS, GEARS, AND ELECTRICAL BOXES (taken in January 1984) - Sharptown Bridge, Spanning Nanticoke River, State Route 313, Sharptown, Wicomico County, MD

314

Interaction of anesthetics with neurotransmitter release machinery proteins.  

PubMed

General anesthetics produce anesthesia by depressing central nervous system activity. Activation of inhibitory GABA(A) receptors plays a central role in the action of many clinically relevant general anesthetics. Even so, there is growing evidence that anesthetics can act at a presynaptic locus to inhibit neurotransmitter release. Our own data identified the neurotransmitter release machinery as a target for anesthetic action. In the present study, we sought to examine the site of anesthetic action more closely. Exocytosis was stimulated by directly elevating the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration at neurotransmitter release sites, thereby bypassing anesthetic effects on channels and receptors, allowing anesthetic effects on the neurotransmitter release machinery to be examined in isolation. Three different PC12 cell lines, which had the expression of different release machinery proteins stably suppressed by RNA interference, were used in these studies. Interestingly, there was still significant neurotransmitter release when these knockdown PC12 cells were stimulated. We have previously shown that etomidate, isoflurane, and propofol all inhibited the neurotransmitter release machinery in wild-type PC12 cells. In the present study, we show that knocking down synaptotagmin I completely prevented etomidate from inhibiting neurotransmitter release. Synaptotagmin I knockdown also diminished the inhibition produced by propofol and isoflurane, but the magnitude of the effect was not as large. Knockdown of SNAP-25 and SNAP-23 expression also changed the ability of these three anesthetics to inhibit neurotransmitter release. Our results suggest that general anesthetics inhibit the neurotransmitter release machinery by interacting with multiple SNARE and SNARE-associated proteins. PMID:23136341

Xie, Zheng; McMillan, Kyle; Pike, Carolyn M; Cahill, Anne L; Herring, Bruce E; Wang, Qiang; Fox, Aaron P

2012-11-07

315

Test and Evaluation of Baby Walkers and Walker-Jumpers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Accident reports from hospital emergency rooms were surveyed to determine the probable causes of accidents involving baby walkers and walker-jumpers. Test methods were developed to simulate service conditions to determine if the characteristics leading to...

D. J. Chwirut

1974-01-01

316

Mother and baby yoga is good for you.  

PubMed

Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve and stabilise their emotional health and to bond. Additionally the mother is able to focus on her relationship with her baby, rebuild the weakened pelvic floor, strengthen the abdominal muscles and even alleviate back and neck pain. For babies, yoga can aid digestion and alleviate colic; help to strengthen tiny limbs; improve sleep patterns; and enhance their ability to interact with their mother and other people. PMID:23789249

MacDonald, Cheryl

2013-05-01

317

Babies Work Specific Brain Areas to Imitate People  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Babies Work Specific Brain Areas to Imitate People Study mapped ... say they've pinpointed just how infants' brains work during that process. Copying others is a vital ...

318

Quitting Smoking in Pregnancy Tied to Benefit for Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Quitting smoking in pregnancy tied to benefit for baby (*this ... MedlinePlus Pages Birth Weight Pregnancy and Substance Abuse Quitting Smoking By Veronica Hackethal, MD NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - ...

319

Child Safety: Keeping Your Home Safe for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... keys out of your child's reach. Store the gun in a separate place from the bullets. When your baby is placed on anything above the ground, like a changing ... Adapted with permission from a booklet ...

320

Fresh, Unprocessed Baby Foods Tied to Less Allergy  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Fresh, unprocessed baby foods tied to less allergy (*this news item will not be available after ... Friday, August 9, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Food Allergy Infant and Newborn Nutrition By Kerry Grens NEW ...

321

Collodion baby: a follow-up study of 17 cases.  

PubMed

Seventeen cases of collodion baby are reported. Clinical aspects, complications, treatment, final outcome and family history were studied. We did not observe any clinical features in the collodion baby that could serve as a clue in predicting the final diagnosis. Infections were observed in nine, hypothermia in five and hypernatraemic dehydration in four cases. Skin infection mainly occurred in babies treated with emollients (petrolatum, lanolin and cetomacrogolis cream were used). We therefore recommend treating the collodion baby in a humidified incubator, if necessary with intravenous rehydration, but not to use emollients. The final outcome of these study patients was erythrodermic autosomal recessive lamellar ichthyosis in seven cases (41%), non-erythrodermic autosomal recessive lamellar ichthyosis in three cases (18%), Sjögren-Larsson in one case (6%), epidermolytic hyperkeratosis in one case (6%), acute neonatal variant of Gaucher disease in one case (6%) and normal skin in four cases (24%). PMID:12428840

Van Gysel, D; Lijnen, R L P; Moekti, S S; de Laat, P C J; Oranje, A P

2002-09-01

322

Overcoming barriers to Baby-Friendly status: one hospital's experience.  

PubMed

The journey toward Baby-Friendly status at Jersey Shore University Medical Center in Neptune, NJ began with a desire to improve overall breastfeeding rates at the hospital. Although evidence showed that hospitals that incorporated some or all of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding had improved breastfeeding rates, it was difficult to overcome barriers that prevented the hospital physicians and nursing staff from seeing the value in adopting this quality initiative. Long-standing practices combined with misinformation compounded the problem. That situation changed when several factors nationally and statewide came together to create a prime environment for implementation of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. This article will discuss the barriers that one hospital encountered and the strategies used to overcome these common barriers to achieving Baby-Friendly status. This hospital is not yet designated as Baby-Friendly but is awaiting the outcome of a site visit in 2012. PMID:22596059

McKeever, Joyce; Fleur, Rose St

2012-05-17

323

Educator Tools - Slides/Talking Points - Unborn Babies Are at ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Serious health problems; Developmental delays; Death. Speaker's Notes. Foodborne bacteria can cross the placenta and infect your unborn baby. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/resourcesforyou/healtheducators

324

TIlE BABY BOOM AND INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL FLOWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of economic growth based on the life-cycle hypothesis to determine the path of international capital flows as the baby boom passes through the U.S. economy. The model predicts that a baby boom causes a temporary increase in capital flow into the U.S. but the increase in capital is not sufficient to maintain the capital-labor ratio

Peter S. Yoo

325

Safety and effectiveness of BCG vaccination in preterm babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo assess the cell mediated immune response to BCG vaccine in preterm babies.METHODSSixty two consecutive preterm babies born at 5 mm after the Mantoux test was taken as a positive response.RESULTSThere was no significant difference in the tuberculin conversion rates (80% and 80.7%, respectively), positive LMIT (86.6% and 90.3%, respectively), or BCG scar (90.0% and 87.1%, respectively) among the two

Sudhin Thayyil-Sudhan; Ashok Kumar; Meharban Singh; Vinod Kumar Paul; Ashok Kumar Deorari

1999-01-01

326

Reflections on the "push for your baby" campaign.  

PubMed

In this editorial, a board member of Lamaze International describes the "Push for Your Baby" campaign to urge women to advocate for more evidence-based practice for better births. She also reflects on her hopes and worries about the "Push for Your Baby" campaign launched by Lamaze in May 2012. Discussing the realities of current maternity care practice, she asks how we can work with obstetric nurses and providers to have them support what most women value-vaginal birth. PMID:23997548

Ondeck, Michele

2012-01-01

327

Baby switching: an underreported problem that needs to be recognized.  

PubMed

Baby switching is a problem that has been underreported in the past but that can have the same impact on a healthcare facility as an infant kidnapping. This article discusses incidents of baby switching at various medical centers that have taken place in the past few years and the precautions being taken by those facilities as well as others to prevent such occurrences. PMID:11382999

Rusting, R R

328

Maternal personality disorder and babies’ exposure to tobacco smoke  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between smoking practices and maternal personality disorder in a sample of 200 mothers\\u000a of 2-month-old babies. Maternal personality disorder was robustly associated with allowing smoking in the home and also exposing\\u000a the baby to tobacco smoke. The findings suggest that mothers with personality disorders might particularly benefit from targeting\\u000a with education and advice about reducing

Susan Conroy; Maureen N. Marks; Robin Schacht; Helen A. Davies; Paul A. Moran

2010-01-01

329

46 CFR 153.233 - Separation of tanks from machinery, service and other spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...tanks from machinery, service and other spaces. 153.233 Section 153.233...tanks from machinery, service and other spaces. (a) To prevent leakage through a single weld failure, the following spaces must be separated from a cargo...

2011-10-01

330

46 CFR 153.233 - Separation of tanks from machinery, service and other spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...tanks from machinery, service and other spaces. 153.233 Section 153.233...tanks from machinery, service and other spaces. (a) To prevent leakage through a single weld failure, the following spaces must be separated from a cargo...

2012-10-01

331

The Research of Computer Aided Farm Machinery Designing Method Based on Ergonomics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Along with agricultural economy development, the farm machinery product type Increases gradually, the ergonomics question is also getting more and more prominent. The widespread application of computer aided machinery design makes it possible that farm machinery design is intuitive, flexible and convenient. At present, because the developed computer aided ergonomics software has not suitable human body database, which is needed in view of farm machinery design in China, the farm machinery design have deviation in ergonomics analysis. This article puts forward that using the open database interface procedure in CATIA to establish human body database which aims at the farm machinery design, and reading the human body data to ergonomics module of CATIA can product practical application virtual body, using human posture analysis and human activity analysis module to analysis the ergonomics in farm machinery, thus computer aided farm machinery designing method based on engineering can be realized.

Gao, Xiyin; Li, Xinling; Song, Qiang; Zheng, Ying

332

Industry Sector Analysis - Plastics Production Machinery and Chemicals, (Argentina, Colombia, Guatemala, and Honduras).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The package includes the following ISA's: Argentina, Plastics Packaging Machinery; Colombia, Injection/Extrusion/Blow/Molding/Equipment; Colombia, Chemicals/Raw Materials for the Plastics Industry; Guatemala, Plastics Production Machinery: Extrusion/Injec...

1991-01-01

333

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Small Arms Ammunition PRECIOUS METALS & JEWELRY Costume Jewelry...Lapidary Work Jewelry, Precious Metal Musical Instruments Silverware...General Industrial Machinery Heavy Construction Equipment Rental...Power Transmission Equipment Metal Working Machinery...

2010-07-01

334

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Small Arms Ammunition PRECIOUS METALS & JEWELRY Costume Jewelry...Lapidary Work Jewelry, Precious Metal Musical Instruments Silverware...General Industrial Machinery Heavy Construction Equipment Rental...Power Transmission Equipment Metal Working Machinery...

2009-01-01

335

9 CFR 318.24 - Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process control...ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY...24 Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process...

2010-01-01

336

9 CFR 318.24 - Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process control...ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY...24 Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process...

2013-01-01

337

9 CFR 318.24 - Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process control...ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY...24 Product prepared using advanced meat/bone separation machinery; process...

2009-01-01

338

Accounting for Tillage Equipment and Other Machinery in Agricultural Energy Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The energy value tillage equipment and farm machinery, based on use industry sources, is presented. Discounting, scrappage, and use are discussed. Comparisons are made between the disaggregated data and initial attempts to determine farm machinery's embod...

O. C. Doering T. J. Considine C. E. Harling

1977-01-01

339

Extended supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d = 2 + 1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N = 1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N = 1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N = 2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N = 2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N = 2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

Adam, C.; Queiruga, J. M.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

2013-05-01

340

Shaken baby syndrome: the quest for evidence.  

PubMed

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), characterized by the triad of subdural haemorrhage, retinal haemorrhage, and encephalopathy, was initially based on the hypothesis that shaking causes tearing of bridging veins and bilateral subdural bleeding. It remains controversial. New evidence since SBS was first defined three decades ago needs to be reviewed. Neuropathology shows that most cases do not have traumatic axonal injury, but hypoxic-ischaemic injury and brain swelling. This may allow a lucid interval, which traumatic axonal injury will not. Further, the thin subdural haemorrhages in SBS are unlike the thick unilateral space-occupying clots of trauma. They may not originate from traumatic rupture of bridging veins but from vessels injured by hypoxia and haemodynamic disturbances, as originally proposed by Cushing in 1905. Biomechanical studies have repeatedly failed to show that shaking alone can generate the triad in the absence of significant neck injury. Impact is needed and, indeed, seems to be the cause of the majority of cases of so-called SBS. Birth-related subdural bleeds are much more frequent than previously thought and their potential to cause chronic subdural collections and mimic SBS remains to be established. PMID:18173622

Squier, Waney

2008-01-01

341

46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL. 32... § 32.56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decksâT/ALL. ...decks that separate category A machinery spaces from cargo pumprooms must be âAâ...

2012-10-01

342

46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL. 32... § 32.56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decksâT/ALL. ...decks that separate category A machinery spaces from cargo pumprooms must be âAâ...

2011-10-01

343

Valuers' perception of potential sources of inaccuracy in plant and machinery valuation in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – From the perspective of plant and machinery valuation, this paper aims to assess the factors that constrain accuracy in plant and machinery valuation in the Nigerian context. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is based on the technical, economic and market infrastructure affecting machinery and equipment valuation in Nigeria and surveyed 150 practicing firms in Lagos to elicit from them

Austin Otegbulu; G. K. Babawale

2011-01-01

344

The endosymbiotic origin of the protein import machinery of chloroplastic envelope membranes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chloroplasts have evolved a complex proteinaceous machinery to import nuclear-encoded proteins. The origin of this machinery, following the endosymbiotic events leading to chloroplasts, is an intriguing, unresolved problem. Given that cyanobacteria are the probable ancestors of chloroplasts, the genome sequence of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 offers a valuable resource to identify putative homologs for components of this protein import machinery

Sigrun Reumann; Kenneth Keegstra

1999-01-01

345

40 CFR 180.521 - Fumigants for grain-mill machinery; tolerances for residues.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Fumigants for grain-mill machinery; tolerances for residues...Tolerances § 180.521 Fumigants for grain-mill machinery; tolerances for residues...Fumigants may be safely used in or on grain-mill machinery in accordance with the...

2011-07-01

346

40 CFR 180.521 - Fumigants for grain-mill machinery; tolerances for residues.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Fumigants for grain-mill machinery; tolerances for residues...Tolerances § 180.521 Fumigants for grain-mill machinery; tolerances for residues...Fumigants may be safely used in or on grain-mill machinery in accordance with the...

2012-07-01

347

Predictors of social services supervision of babies of mothers with mental illness after admission to a psychiatric mother and baby unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There is insufficient information on the predictors of parenting difficulties in mothers with severe mental illness. Using data from mother and baby units in the UK we aimed to examine the social and clinical characteristics of mothers whose babies were supervised by social services on discharge. Method: A case-control study was carried out using data from mother and baby

Louise Howard; Nisha Shah; Margaret Salmon; Louis Appleby

2003-01-01

348

A wireless thermocouples network for temperature control in plastic machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper authors propose a wireless thermocouples network purposely developed for plastic machinery. Thanks to a very simple protocol, based on IEEE802.15.4 physical layer, up to sixteen nodes are scanned with a cycle time of 128 ms. Prototypes based on J type thermocouples have been realized with cost similar to wired approaches. A four-nodes network has been tested in

A. Flammini; D. Marioli; E. Sisinni; A. Taroni; M. Pezzotti

2006-01-01

349

Mechanisms of iron–sulfur cluster assembly: the SUF machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters is a cellular process which depends on complex protein machineries. Escherichia coli contains two such biosynthetic systems, ISC and SUF. In this review article we specifically make a presentation of the various\\u000a Suf proteins and discuss the molecular mechanisms by which these proteins work together to assemble Fe and S atoms within\\u000a a scaffold and to

M. Fontecave; S. Ollagnier de Choudens; B. Py; F. Barras

2005-01-01

350

Vibration Reduction of Rotating Machinery by Using Viscoelastic Material Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand for silent machine operation in any of the organization is prime need in today's environmentally conscious world. The legal aspects of noise control requires a silent and noise free operation of the machine. The vibration and noise resulted due to it is the common phenomena in any dynamic machinery. In this paper an attempt has been made to found a suitable Viscoelastic material which can minimize the vibration and results into less noise and efficient operation.

Jadhav, Sainand M.; Nikhade, Sanjay D.; Kanase, Sandip S.

2013-03-01

351

Labour saving and cost reduction machinery for sugarcane cultivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural operations for sugarcane production are very arduous especially planting, interculture, plant protection and harvesting.\\u000a Modern sugarcane machinery and labour saving devices reduce the cost of sugarcane production, help in completion of operation\\u000a timely reduce human drudgery and enable efficient utilization of resources with better quality work output. It helps in increasing\\u000a overall production and productivity. Sugarcane planting requires about

R. N. S. Yadav; Sandeep Yadav; Raj Kumar Tejra

2003-01-01

352

Planning sex of baby -- the Barthakur method.  

PubMed

The sex of any given human zygote is dependent upon when the ovum is placed in the fallopian tube. Dr. Inderjit K. Barthakur's has developed a way for heterosexual couples to conceive either male or female children depending upon the timing of their coitus. To have a baby of preferred gender, a couple should have coitus in accordance with the advice of a well-informed instructor who can determine the exact date of rupture of the Graafian follicle with ultrasound scanning. The method requires these preconditions: keeping a temperature chart from 3-4 months before the month in which the pregnancy is planned, abstaining from sex during that particular month until the time advised by the instructor, and having daily ultrasound scans after the 9th day of the menstrual cycle to ensure the highest degree of accuracy in identifying the best time for intercourse. Accurate sex determination of the fetus has occurred in 71 of 72 cases managed by the four physicians who practice this method in India. A more simple alternative which is easily communicable to the poor and uneducated has also been developed by the doctors, but it is only 80% successful. These high rates of success have generated widespread international interest, but the ICMR, the Health Ministry, and others have turned down appeals to support studies of the method because they do not want to encourage potential discrimination against females. Abortion, however, which is often gender-biased, is legal. Dr. Barthakur and her colleagues ensure that the couples taken for instruction should desire a child of the sex opposite to the existing one and no tests are conducted after conception to confirm the sex of the fetus. Under current funding constraints, all expenses for the procedures are met jointly by the involved doctors and couples who are well-off enough to go in for repeated ultrasounds. PMID:12179183

Koshy, L M

1994-07-30

353

Respiratory compliance in premature babies treated with artificial surfactant (ALEC).  

PubMed Central

In a randomised trial of artificial surfactant (ALEC) given at birth to 294 babies less than 34 weeks' gestation, the respiratory compliance was measured at 1, 6, 24, 48, and 168 hours after birth. In babies less than 29 weeks' gestation ALEC significantly improved the mean (SEM) compliance at 6 hours from 0.54 (0.06) to 0.91 (0.13) ml/cm H2O/kg and at 24 hours from 0.57 (0.04) to 0.92 (0.10) ml/cm H2O/kg. The improvements at 1, 48, and 168 hours were not significant. In babies of over 29 weeks' gestation the compliance was lower in the ALEC treated babies. This was significant only at one hour: 0.52 (0.03) compared with 0.71 (0.07) ml/cm H2O/kg and only occurred in babies who were not ventilated.

Morley, C J; Greenough, A

1991-01-01

354

Mining machinery/equipment/parts/services. Oil and gas field equipment/machinery/parts/supplies (Brazil). Oil and gas field machinery, November 1990. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The Brazilian market for oil and gasfield machinery reached approximately $938 million in 1989, of which about $86 million were supplied by imports. The market may reach $2.6 billion by 1993, if indeed the Government of Brazil approves an annual investment plan of $3.5 billion, as proposed by PETROBRAS, the state owned and operated oil and gas production monopoly. According to reports by the Ministry of Economy, investments by PETROBRAS rose from .37% of GDP in 1989 to .41% in 1990. It is predicted that during the next five years its investments will average .56% of GDP. Currently, PETROBRAS imports only about 10% of its equipment needs, but this is expected to more than double by 1993 as a result of a recently adopted procurement policy which calls for purchasing the best available equipment worldwide, at the most favorable price.

Not Available

1990-11-01

355

Where have all the babies gone?  

PubMed

Critical comment is provided on the phenomena of couples postponing childbearing in Singapore. In spite of a media campaign to promote childbearing and tax incentives, women are choosing to be DINKS, couples with double incomes and no kids. Women's reasons for not having children are to enjoy more freedom and a better material life and maintain a career. Seet Ai Mee, the junior minister of community development, in 1990 spoke in a public address about women's lack of belief in marriage and the loss of independence and career prospects when children come along. Official concern is based on the rising median age of childbearing which has gone from 23.4 years in 1970 to 27.7 years in 1991. A continuing trend would put women 30 years old at the age of 1st childbearing in the year 2000. 1 of 5 women presently do not have children. 2.9% fewer babies were born in the 1st 10 months of 1991 compared with 1990. The Director of the Population Planning Unite believes that the campaign has been successful in promoting coupling, but not procreation. Examples are given of 4 women who chose not to have children. 1 was a 26-year old university graduate who was a product manager. She is married and thinks that the ad campaign is not appropriately geared to an educated population. Romance and hard sell are out of place. Another psychotherapist expressed the opinion that women wanted a house a car before having children, and later age at childbearing was desired because the desire was to a small family anyway. Freedom has a greater value over the desire for children. A 30-year old writer finds women with children boring, and later age at childbearing means greater maternal maturity. Several examples are given of women who desire an earlier start on childbearing because of the demands placed on older mothers. The director of a counseling and care center defines DINKS as educated higher income people who want a career, personal goals, travel, and other things. There should not be a requirement for children among couples. The consequences of this trend is an unreachable goal of a 4 million population target by 2010, and the need for immigration. PMID:12285428

1992-05-15

356

Risks of Baby Walkers and Options for Prevention  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have reported fatal head injuries associated with baby walkers. Skull fractures and hospital admissions are significantly higher for infants who have received head injuries while using a walker. Thirty to 50% of infants regularly placed in walkers experience an accident or injury related to the device. Most injuries are minor cuts, abrasions and contusions. While there are many hazards, no benefits have been documented. The walkers do not help children learn to walk. Options for preventing injury including banning baby walkers, product design regulations, and public education about the risks. An outright ban would be difficult, because walkers are not considered inherently dangerous; they become so when parental supervision is lacking. Although design specifications will decrease some walker-related injuries, they will not prevent severe or fatal head injuries associated with falls down stairs. Public awareness of hazards from baby walkers and discouragement of their use are recommended preventive measures at this time.

Aziz, Alnoor; McIntyre, Lynn; Khazen, Roch

1985-01-01

357

Characterization of the Late Endosomal ESCRT Machinery in Trypanosoma brucei.  

PubMed

The multivesicular body (MVB) is a specialized Rab7+ late endosome (LE) containing multiple intralumenal vesicles that function in targeting ubiquitinylated cell surface proteins to the lysosome for degradation. African trypanosomes lack a morphologically well-defined MVB, but contain orthologs of the ESCRT (Endosomal Sorting Complex Required for Transport) machinery that mediates MVB formation. We investigate the role of TbVps23, an early ESCRT component, and TbVps4, the terminal ESCRT ATPase, in lysosomal trafficking in bloodstream form trypanosomes. Both localize to the TbRab7+ LE and RNAi silencing of each rapidly blocks growth. TbVps4 silencing results in approximately threefold accumulation of TbVps23 at the LE, consistent with blocking terminal ESCRT disassembly. Trafficking of endocytic and biosynthetic cargo, but not default lysosomal reporters, is also negatively affected. Others reported that TbVps23 mediates ubiquitin-dependent lysosomal degradation of invariant surface glycoproteins (ISG65) (Leung et al., Traffic 2008;9:1698-1716). In contrast, we find that TbVps23 ablation does not affect ISG65 turnover, while TbVps4 silencing markedly enhances lysosomal degradation. We propose several models to accommodate these results, including that the ESCRT machinery actually retrieves ISG65 from the LE to earlier endocytic compartments, and in its absence ISG65 traffics more efficiently to the lysosome. Overall, these results confirm that the ESCRT machinery is essential in Trypanosoma brucei and plays important and novel role(s) in LE function in trypanosomes. PMID:23905922

Silverman, Jason S; Muratore, Katherine A; Bangs, James D

2013-08-18

358

Peakons and Q-balls in the baby Skyrme model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we investigate the Q-ball Ansatz in the baby Skyrme model. First, the appearance of peakons, i.e. solutions with extremely large absolute values of the second derivative at maxima, is analyzed. It is argued that such solutions are intrinsic to the baby Skyrme model and do not depend on the detailed form of a potential used in calculations. Next, we concentrate on compact nonspinning Q-balls. We show the failure of a small parameter expansion in this case. Finally, we explore the existence and parameter dependence of Q-ball solutions.

Lis, Jakub [Department of Field Theory, Institute of Physics at the Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)

2011-10-15

359

Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages.

2012-01-01

360

Escherichia coli with Resistance Factors in Vegetarians, Babies, and Nonvegetarians  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of Escherichia coli carrying resistance factors (R factors) was examined in meat-consuming individuals and in those not consuming meat (vegetarians and babies below the age of 6 months). Assuming that the transport of resistant E. coli from animals through meat and meat products to the human consumer is most important, with regard to the incidence of resistant E. coli in man, we expected a significant difference in the proportions of people with resistant E. coli between the two groups. However, the percentage with resistant E. coli was larger in the group of vegetarians and babies than in the group of meat-eating individuals.

Guinee, P.; Ugueto, N.; van Leeuwen, N.

1970-01-01

361

Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

362

16. SOUTH TO VIEW OF CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. SOUTH TO VIEW OF CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. CO. PUNCH PRESS WITH WOOD-BURNING HEATING STOVE LOCATED IN THE CENTER OF THE FACTORY BUILDING. BESIDE THE HEATING STOVE, POINTING TOWARD THE PUNCH PRESS, IS A JIG USED TO POSITION ANGLE STEEL COMPONENTS OF STEEL WINDMILL TOWER LEGS FOR PUNCHING BOLT HOLES. THE SUPPORT FOR THE BRICK FLUE OF THE HEATING STOVE IS CONSTRUCTED FROM SALVAGED GALVANIZED ANGLE STEEL OF THE TYPE USED IN FABRICATING WINDMILL TOWERS MANUFACTURED IN THE FACTORY. - Kregel Windmill Company Factory, 1416 Central Avenue, Nebraska City, Otoe County, NE

363

Validation of vibration measurements for heavy duty machinery diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Latest development of distributed condition monitoring for heavy duty machinery has revealed a major challenge concerning reliable data acquisition. Due to frequent failures of diagnostic algorithms caused by incorrectly registered data, validation of vibration signals became a very attractive field of research. The paper shows how classical data acquisition procedures might be enhanced by implementation of signal validation methods based on both machine process parameters signals and machine vibration signals. Presented validation covers analysis of process parameters, data stability constrains and also independent and comparative validation of vibration signals. Benefits of applied techniques are illustrated on real data from a wind turbine.

Jablonski, A.; Barszcz, T.

2013-07-01

364

Operation Analysis for Electrical Machinery Based on Reluctance Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we describe the basis of a magnetic circuit method and introduce a reluctance network analysis (RNA) proposed by authors. The RNA, which is based on the magnetic circuit method, has some suitable merits for simulating electrical machineries such as a simple analytical model, ease of coupled analysis with electrical circuits, motion, and thermal fields. In addition to these merits, a general-purpose circuit simulator like “SPICE" can be utilized as a solver. We present some applications of the RNA to operation analysis for an orthogonal-core, a switched reluctance motor, and a permanent magnet generator.

Nakamura, Kenji; Ichinokura, Osamu

365

What Parents Can Do: Babies & Toddlers | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... Feature: Oral Health What Parents Can Do: Babies & Toddlers Past Issues / Summer 2012 Table of Contents Healthy ... only with water. 4. Feed your baby or toddler healthy foods. Choose foods without a lot of ...

366

Let Baby Set the Delivery Date: Wait Until 39 Weeks if You Can  

MedlinePLUS

... please review our exit disclaimer . Subscribe Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Wait Until 39 Weeks if ... search option Features Autism Spectrum Disorder Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Wise Choices Links For a ...

367

Taking Care of You and Your Baby While You're Pregnant  

MedlinePLUS

... tilefish. These fish sometimes have high levels of mercury, which could hurt your baby. If you eat ... and other heavy metals, such as copper and mercury, could be damaging to the baby. However, working ...

368

Baby boomers and busters: an exploratory investigation of attitudes toward marketing, advertising and consumerism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to compare and contrast various marketing- and consumer-related attitudes and behavior across the baby boomer (those born between 1946-1964) and baby buster (those born between 1965-1976) generations. Study results suggest that baby busters, compared with baby boomers, are more favorably predisposed toward marketing and advertising. It was also found that the two generations

James A. Roberts; Chris Manolis

2000-01-01

369

Adaptive feature extraction using sparse coding for machinery fault diagnosis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the signal processing domain, there has been growing interest in sparse coding with a learned dictionary instead of a predefined one, which is advocated as an effective mathematical description for the underlying principle of mammalian sensory systems in processing information. In this paper, sparse coding is introduced as a feature extraction technique for machinery fault diagnosis and an adaptive feature extraction scheme is proposed based on it. The two core problems of sparse coding, i.e., dictionary learning and coefficients solving, are discussed in detail. A natural extension of sparse coding, shift-invariant sparse coding, is also introduced. Then, the vibration signals of rolling element bearings are taken as the target signals to verify the proposed scheme, and shift-invariant sparse coding is used for vibration analysis. With the purpose of diagnosing the different fault conditions of bearings, features are extracted following the proposed scheme: basis functions are separately learned from each class of vibration signals trying to capture the defective impulses; a redundant dictionary is built by merging all the learned basis functions; based on the redundant dictionary, the diagnostic information is made explicit in the solved sparse representations of vibration signals; sparse features are formulated in terms of activations of atoms. The multiclass linear discriminant analysis (LDA) classifier is used to test the discriminability of the extracted sparse features and the adaptability of the learned atoms. The experiments show that sparse coding is an effective feature extraction technique for machinery fault diagnosis.

Liu, Haining; Liu, Chengliang; Huang, Yixiang

2011-02-01

370

Vesicle formation and endocytosis: function, machinery, mechanisms, and modeling.  

PubMed

Vesicle formation provides a means of cellular entry for extracellular substances and for recycling of membrane constituents. Mechanisms governing the two primary endocytic pathways (i.e., caveolae- and clathrin-mediated endocytosis, as well as newly emerging vesicular pathways) have become the focus of intense investigation to improve our understanding of nutrient, hormone, and drug delivery, as well as opportunistic invasion of pathogens. In this review of endocytosis, we broadly discuss the structural and signaling proteins that compose the molecular machinery governing endocytic vesicle formation (budding, invagination, and fission from the membrane), with some regard for the specificity observed in certain cell types and species. Important biochemical functions of endocytosis and diseases caused by their disruption also are discussed, along with the structures of key components of endocytic pathways and their known mechanistic contributions. The mechanisms by which principal components of the endocytic machinery are recruited to the plasma membrane, where they interact to induce vesicle formation, are discussed, together with computational approaches used to simulate simplified versions of endocytosis with the hope of clarifying aspects of vesicle formation that may be difficult to determine experimentally. Finally, we pose several unanswered questions intended to stimulate further research interest in the cell biology and modeling of endocytosis. PMID:19113823

Parkar, Nihal S; Akpa, Belinda S; Nitsche, Ludwig C; Wedgewood, Lewis E; Place, Aaron T; Sverdlov, Maria S; Chaga, Oleg; Minshall, Richard D

2009-06-01

371

Granuphilin molecularly docks insulin granules to the fusion machinery  

PubMed Central

The Rab27a effector granuphilin is specifically localized on insulin granules and is involved in their exocytosis. Here we show that the number of insulin granules morphologically docked to the plasma membrane is markedly reduced in granuphilin-deficient ? cells. Surprisingly, despite the docking defect, the exocytosis of insulin granules in response to a physiological glucose stimulus is significantly augmented, which results in increased glucose tolerance in granuphilin-null mice. The enhanced secretion in mutant ? cells is correlated with a decrease in the formation of the fusion-incompetent syntaxin-1a–Munc18-1 complex, with which granuphilin normally interacts. Furthermore, in contrast to wild-type granuphilin, its mutant that is defective in binding to syntaxin-1a fails to restore granule docking or the protein level of syntaxin-1a in granuphilin-null ? cells. Thus, granuphilin not only is essential for the docking of insulin granules but simultaneously imposes a fusion constraint on them through an interaction with the syntaxin-1a fusion machinery. These findings provide a novel paradigm for the docking machinery in regulated exocytosis.

Gomi, Hiroshi; Mizutani, Shin; Kasai, Kazuo; Itohara, Shigeyoshi; Izumi, Tetsuro

2005-01-01

372

Vesicle Formation and Endocytosis: Function, Machinery, Mechanisms, and Modeling  

PubMed Central

Abstract Vesicle formation provides a means of cellular entry for extracellular substances and for recycling of membrane constituents. Mechanisms governing the two primary endocytic pathways (i.e., caveolae- and clathrin-mediated endocytosis, as well as newly emerging vesicular pathways) have become the focus of intense investigation to improve our understanding of nutrient, hormone, and drug delivery, as well as opportunistic invasion of pathogens. In this review of endocytosis, we broadly discuss the structural and signaling proteins that compose the molecular machinery governing endocytic vesicle formation (budding, invagination, and fission from the membrane), with some regard for the specificity observed in certain cell types and species. Important biochemical functions of endocytosis and diseases caused by their disruption also are discussed, along with the structures of key components of endocytic pathways and their known mechanistic contributions. The mechanisms by which principal components of the endocytic machinery are recruited to the plasma membrane, where they interact to induce vesicle formation, are discussed, together with computational approaches used to simulate simplified versions of endocytosis with the hope of clarifying aspects of vesicle formation that may be difficult to determine experimentally. Finally, we pose several unanswered questions intended to stimulate further research interest in the cell biology and modeling of endocytosis. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 11, 1301–1312.

Parkar, Nihal S.; Akpa, Belinda S.; Nitsche, Ludwig C.; Wedgewood, Lewis E.; Place, Aaron T.; Sverdlov, Maria S.; Chaga, Oleg

2009-01-01

373

Regulation of alternative splicing by the core spliceosomal machinery.  

PubMed

Alternative splicing (AS) plays a major role in the generation of proteomic diversity and in gene regulation. However, the role of the basal splicing machinery in regulating AS remains poorly understood. Here we show that the core snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein) protein SmB/B' self-regulates its expression by promoting the inclusion of a highly conserved alternative exon in its own pre-mRNA that targets the spliced transcript for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Depletion of SmB/B' in human cells results in reduced levels of snRNPs and a striking reduction in the inclusion levels of hundreds of additional alternative exons, with comparatively few effects on constitutive exon splicing levels. The affected alternative exons are enriched in genes encoding RNA processing and other RNA-binding factors, and a subset of these exons also regulate gene expression by activating NMD. Our results thus demonstrate a role for the core spliceosomal machinery in controlling an exon network that appears to modulate the levels of many RNA processing factors. PMID:21325135

Saltzman, Arneet L; Pan, Qun; Blencowe, Benjamin J

2011-02-15

374

Regulation of alternative splicing by the core spliceosomal machinery  

PubMed Central

Alternative splicing (AS) plays a major role in the generation of proteomic diversity and in gene regulation. However, the role of the basal splicing machinery in regulating AS remains poorly understood. Here we show that the core snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein) protein SmB/B? self-regulates its expression by promoting the inclusion of a highly conserved alternative exon in its own pre-mRNA that targets the spliced transcript for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Depletion of SmB/B? in human cells results in reduced levels of snRNPs and a striking reduction in the inclusion levels of hundreds of additional alternative exons, with comparatively few effects on constitutive exon splicing levels. The affected alternative exons are enriched in genes encoding RNA processing and other RNA-binding factors, and a subset of these exons also regulate gene expression by activating NMD. Our results thus demonstrate a role for the core spliceosomal machinery in controlling an exon network that appears to modulate the levels of many RNA processing factors.

Saltzman, Arneet L.; Pan, Qun; Blencowe, Benjamin J.

2011-01-01

375

Molecular machinery of macroautophagy and its deregulation in diseases.  

PubMed

Macroautophagy maintains cellular homeostasis through targeting cytoplasmic contents and organelles into autophagosomes for degradation. This process begins with the assembly of protein complexes on isolation membrane to initiate the formation of autophagosome, followed by its nucleation, elongation and maturation. Fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes then leads to degradation of the cargo. In the past decade, significant advances have been made on the identification of molecular players that are implicated in various stages of macroautophagy. Post-translational modifications of macroautophagy regulators have also been demonstrated to be critical for the selective targeting of cytoplasmic contents into autophagosomes. In addition, recent demonstration of distinct macroautophagy regulators has led to the identification of different subtypes of macroautophagy. Since deregulation of macroautophagy is implicated in diseases including neurodegenerative disorders, cancers and inflammatory disorders, understanding the molecular machinery of macroautophagy is crucial for elucidating the mechanisms by which macroautophagy is deregulated in these diseases, thereby revealing new potential therapeutic targets and strategies. Here we summarize current knowledge on the regulation of mammalian macroautophagy machineries and their disease-associated deregulation. PMID:21787863

Wong, Alan S L; Cheung, Zelda H; Ip, Nancy Y

2011-07-21

376

Coiled-coil networking shapes cell molecular machinery  

PubMed Central

The highly abundant ?-helical coiled-coil motif not only mediates crucial protein–protein interactions in the cell but is also an attractive scaffold in synthetic biology and material science and a potential target for disease intervention. Therefore a systematic understanding of the coiled-coil interactions (CCIs) at the organismal level would help unravel the full spectrum of the biological function of this interaction motif and facilitate its application in therapeutics. We report the first identified genome-wide CCI network in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which consists of 3495 pair-wise interactions among 598 predicted coiled-coil regions. Computational analysis revealed that the CCI network is specifically and functionally organized and extensively involved in the organization of cell machinery. We further show that CCIs play a critical role in the assembly of the kinetochore, and disruption of the CCI network leads to defects in kinetochore assembly and cell division. The CCI network identified in this study is a valuable resource for systematic characterization of coiled coils in the shaping and regulation of a host of cellular machineries and provides a basis for the utilization of coiled coils as domain-based probes for network perturbation and pharmacological applications.

Wang, Yongqiang; Zhang, Xinlei; Zhang, Hong; Lu, Yi; Huang, Haolong; Dong, Xiaoxi; Chen, Jinan; Dong, Jiuhong; Yang, Xiao; Hang, Haiying; Jiang, Taijiao

2012-01-01

377

A unique cell division machinery in the Archaea  

PubMed Central

In contrast to the cell division machineries of bacteria, euryarchaea, and eukaryotes, no division components have been identified in the second main archaeal phylum, Crenarchaeota. Here, we demonstrate that a three-gene operon, cdv, in the crenarchaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, forms part of a unique cell division machinery. The operon is induced at the onset of genome segregation and division, and the Cdv proteins then polymerize between segregating nucleoids and persist throughout cell division, forming a successively smaller structure during constriction. The cdv operon is dramatically down-regulated after UV irradiation, indicating division inhibition in response to DNA damage, reminiscent of eukaryotic checkpoint systems. The cdv genes exhibit a complementary phylogenetic range relative to FtsZ-based archaeal division systems such that, in most archaeal lineages, either one or the other system is present. Two of the Cdv proteins, CdvB and CdvC, display homology to components of the eukaryotic ESCRT-III sorting complex involved in budding of luminal vesicles and HIV-1 virion release, suggesting mechanistic similarities and a common evolutionary origin.

Lindas, Ann-Christin; Karlsson, Erik A.; Lindgren, Maria T.; Ettema, Thijs J. G.; Bernander, Rolf

2008-01-01

378

Early Language Stimulation of Down's Syndrome Babies: A study on the optimum age to begin  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we began with a concern for the marked delay in language acquisition suffered by Down's syndrome babies and how early treatment affects the subsequent observed development. 36 Down's syndrome babies were incorpored to experiment at different ages: new borns, 90 days and 180 days old babies, until eighteen months of age. The results obtained established statistically significant

María Teresa Sanz Aparicio; Javier Menéndez Balaña

2002-01-01

379

Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.

2007-01-01

380

Bringing New Families to the Museum One Baby at a Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Bring Your Baby to the Danforth Museum of Art" is a program for mothers. Unlike other museum programs that focus on the needs of children, Bring Your Baby caters to the intellectual interests of the adult parent. Parents learn about artworks, play with babies in a beautiful environment, and socialize with other families. The program is a joyful…

Herman, Alicia

2012-01-01

381

Rocking & Rolling: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families. Helping Babies Make Transitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors discuss three steps to helping babies with transitions: observe, ask, and respond (OAR). They advise teachers about how to ask a family questions about their baby and how to give the family suggestions to alleviate the baby's stress, without offending family members. This column includes a list of recommended resources. (Contains 7…

Merrill, Sarah; Britt, Donna

2008-01-01

382

Infection with netilmicin resistant Serratia marcescens in a special care baby unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outbreak of colonisation and infection with a netilmicin resistant strain of Serratia marcescens occurred in a special care baby unit. S marcescens was isolated from a total of 13 babies; significant infection occurred in five, of whom two died. Epidemiological investigation failed to detect a common source but gastrointestinal colonisation of babies formed a prolonged and possibly important reservoir

D A Lewis; P M Hawkey; WattsJA; D C Speller; R J Primavesi; P J Fleming; T L Pitt

1983-01-01

383

The Loss of a Baby and the Birth of the Next Infant: The Mother's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers the area of perinatal death by focusing on the mother's experience. An argument is made for questioning whether mothers attempt to replace a dead infant. It is suggested instead that they long to mother their lost baby and as a result their new infant is mothered in the shadow of the dead baby. The term "penumbra baby" is…

Reid, Marguerite

2007-01-01

384

16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section...ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. Each...

2013-01-01

385

Do pakistani babies have more congenital heart defects? Preliminary findings from our birth cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionA large prospective birth cohort study was established in March 2007 to look at health outcomes of 13 000 babies booked for delivery at our hospital. Nearly half the population of babies born in this region have parents of Pakistani ethnicity. These babies are known to have higher prevalence of congenital malformations. We looked at congenital cardiac anomalies & ethnic

P Agadoorappa; S Oddie; N Pawson; E Sheridon

2011-01-01

386

Baby walker associated scalding injuries seen at University Hospital Kuala Lumpur.  

PubMed

Baby walker associated injuries are occurring in Malaysia. Most are not noticed as paediatricians are more concerned with the treatment of the injury and forget the preventive measures required to overcome this problem. We believe that baby walkers should be banned in Malaysia as the risks of injury far outweighs any benefits. We present 4 cases of baby walker associated scalding injuries. PMID:7565196

Sendut, I H; Tan, K K; Rivara, F

1995-06-01

387

Baby Boomers in an Active Adult Retirement Community: Comity Interrupted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This article explores a clash between incoming Baby Boomers and older residents in an active adult retirement community (AARC). We examine issues of social identity and attitudes as these groups encounter each other. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from a multiyear ethnographic study of social relations in senior housing.…

Roth, Erin G.; Keimig, Lynn; Rubinstein, Robert L.; Morgan, Leslie; Eckert, J. Kevin; Goldman, Susan; Peeples, Amanda D.

2012-01-01

388

Know a Baby Who Needs Help? Call ABC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The booklet describes Project ABC (Any Baby Can), a model networking effort to promote coordinated services for disabled and high-risk infants in San Antonio, Texas. The model features a volunteer, grass-roots emphasis in an aggressive community awareness campaign with a long-term goal of improving the effectiveness of social services and health…

Kromer, Megan E.

389

Baby Boomers Mature and Gerontological Counseling Comes of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gerontological counseling is the wave of the profession's future. With the majority of 76 million baby boomers beginning to turn 60 years old in 2006, there will be a great need for preretirement to end-of-life counselors. This article focuses on (a) the varied influences of this group on the U.S. and the nation's concerns and (b) theories,…

Maples, Mary Finn; Abney, Paul C.

2006-01-01

390

Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of…

Bradley, Ben S.

1994-01-01

391

Baby Boomers in an Active Adult Retirement Community: Comity Interrupted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: This article explores a clash between incoming Baby Boomers and older residents in an active adult retirement community (AARC). We examine issues of social identity and attitudes as these groups encounter each other. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from a multiyear ethnographic study of social relations in senior housing.…

Roth, Erin G.; Keimig, Lynn; Rubinstein, Robert L.; Morgan, Leslie; Eckert, J. Kevin; Goldman, Susan; Peeples, Amanda D.

2012-01-01

392

Babies Boost Skills by Taking Advantage of Rhythm and Ryhme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses a way to boost babies' skills by taking advantage of rhythm and rhyme. Becoming aware of rhyming sounds boosts brain activity and a child's early literacy ability. Adding singsong rhyming words to requests for attention is an effective way for teachers to get toddlers to listen to what they say. Rhymes and rhythms add zest…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

393

Critical analysis of visual function evaluating techniques in newborn babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most widely-used techniques for testing visual function in babies are reviewed. Advantages and limitations of optokinetic nystagmus testing, visual evoked responses and preferential looking techniques are considered. The theoretical basis and the clinical applicability of those techniques are outlined. Other simple methods are considered as well, which allow practicing ophthalmologists to assess the presence or absence of vision in

Emilio C. Campos; Carlo Chiesi

1985-01-01

394

The Development of Embodied Cognition: Six Lessons from Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embodiment hypothesis is the idea that intelligence emerges in the interaction of an agent with an environment and as a result of sensorimotor activity. In this paper we offer six lessons for developing embodied intelligent agents suggested by research in developmental psychology. We argue that starting as a baby grounded in a physical, social and linguistic world is crucial

Linda Smith; Michael Gasser

2005-01-01

395

The 2030 Problem: Caring for Aging Baby Boomers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To assess the coming challenges of caring for large numbers of frail elderly as the Baby Boom generation ages. Study Setting. Ar eview of economic and demographic data as well as simulations of projected socioeconomic and demographic patterns in the year 2030 form the basis of a review of the challenges related to caring for seniors that need to

James R. Knickman; Emily K. Snell

2002-01-01

396

We've Come a Long Way, Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students discuss several human reproductive technologies available today â pregnancy ultrasound, amniocentesis, in-vitro fertilization and labor anesthetics. They learn how each technology works, and that these are ways engineers have worked to improve the health of expecting mothers and babies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

397

Sign Language with Babies: What Difference Does It Make?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching sign language--to deaf or other children with special needs or to hearing children with hard-of-hearing family members--is not new. Teaching sign language to typically developing children has become increasingly popular since the publication of "Baby Signs"[R] (Goodwyn & Acredolo, 1996), now in its third edition. Attention to signing…

Barnes, Susan Kubic

2010-01-01

398

Aging Baby Boomers In a New Workforce Development System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The post-World War II baby boom generation has had a profound effect on public policy and the demand for public services. Because of its sheer number and shifting needs as it ages, the generation will continue to influence society for the next thirty year...

2011-01-01

399

Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

400

‘The alien baby’: Risk, blame and prenatal indeterminacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author uses the narrative of a mother, whose baby's Down Syndrome diagnosis was only ascertained days after his birth, to shed light upon the epistemological and social foundations of risk-medicine. This is a practice which, by seeking prediction through the working of probabilities, brings to the fore principles of uncertainty, indeterminacy, and ambiguity. The paper further portrays the salience

Sky E. Gross

2010-01-01

401

Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

2009-01-01

402

Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

Russell, Beth S.

2010-01-01

403

Probable Effect of Proposed Definitions for Certain Baby Socks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On May 26, 2006, the U.S. International Trade Commission (Commission) received arequest from the United States Trade Representative (USTR) that the Commission provideadvice as to the probable effect of a modification to the definition of baby socks on U.S...

2006-01-01

404

Shaken baby syndrome: A biomechanics analysis of injury mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration\\/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from severe motor vehicle crashes. We conducted an injury biomechanics analysis

Faris A. Bandak

2005-01-01

405

Baby Boomers And Beyond: Consumer Satisfaction With High Involvement Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic and social impact of the baby boomers and those older cannot be overstated. However, this demographic segment has been largely ignored by marketers and policy developers and there is still much to be learned about this growing and changing market's needs, purchase evaluations and behaviour. The conceptualisation of service performance and consumer satisfaction with services and their performance

Wendy Spinks; Meredith Lawley

406

Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

2009-01-01

407

Baby walkers: paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes, and health promotion.  

PubMed

Paediatricians were surveyed about baby walker knowledge, attitudes, and practice. Advising about walkers was associated with working in community paediatrics, treating walker related injuries, knowledge about walkers, and positive attitudes towards walker health promotion. Greater knowledge about walkers was associated with more negative attitudes to walkers. Educating paediatricians and parents about the risks of, and alternatives to using walkers is important. PMID:14670775

Rhodes, K; Kendrick, D; Collier, J

2003-12-01

408

Assessment of dietary intake of patulin from baby foods.  

PubMed

Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by microscopic fungi belonging to the Penicillium and Aspergillus genera, frequently detectable in moldy fruits and their derivatives fruit products. The EC Regulation 1881/06 has imposed the limit for the presence of patulin equal to 10 ?g/kg or 10 ?g/L in baby food on the basis of a PMTDI of 0.4 ?g/kg bw set by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). A total of 120 homogenized baby foods were analyzed to evaluate the exposure of baby and children to patulin through the consumption of these products. None of examined samples has shown a toxin concentration above the limit imposed by the law, however a PAT concentration equal to 9 ?g/kg was found in 22 samples, slightly below the fixed limit. The presence of patulin in marketed baby food can be regarded as a parameter indicative of the quality of raw materials used. PMID:21535575

Bonerba, Elisabetta; Conte, Rossella; Ceci, Edmondo; Tantillo, Giuseppina

2010-09-02

409

Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

Page, Jools

2011-01-01

410

What do parents expect antenatally and do babies teach them?  

PubMed Central

Antenatal inquiry of 658 parents in the North Staffordshire District Health Authority showed at least 13% to lack knowledge about a baby's potential for personal interaction when under 1 week old. Mothers and fathers varied significantly, independent of parity. Experienced parents expected later smiles. Two hundred and seventy eight of the same families were questioned three to four months after birth. Most parents had observed their baby's early responsiveness. Specific responses (Looking, listening) were noted earlier when anticipated and looked for. Significant among postnatal non-responders was their antenatal selection of predominantly impersonal stimulation for a baby. The greatest degree of warmth noted in postnatal observations correlated notably with a father's antenatal interest and postnatal support from him and their friends, a mother's commitment to breast feeding and her knowledge that a very young baby can see, like faces, and cries for emotional reasons. This highlights areas for antenatal tuition and postnatal encouragement, aiming to enhance warm early mutual regard between parents and child.

Delight, E; Goodall, J; Jones, P W

1991-01-01

411

Baby boomer retirement and the future of dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The dental workforce, like the Australian population, is ageing. As the large baby boomer cohort retires dental shortages will likely increase. Methods: Australian Bureau of Statistics census data from 1986 to 2001 were used to examine ageing of the dental workforce and attrition of dentists aged 50 years and over. The number of dentists to retire was projected over

DJ Schofield; SL Fletcher

2007-01-01

412

Know Yourself: Building Relationships with Teenagers and Their Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides general guidelines for home visitors who work with teenage parents and their babies to explore their own thoughts and feelings in relation to the young parents with whom they work and to develop a receptive posture in working with these clients. The authors first guide the reader through a series of questions to identify the…

Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

2007-01-01

413

Lessons learned from dirty diapers.  

PubMed

This essay by Amy Gaudet is the winning entry in the annual Humanism in Medicine Essay Contest at LSU School of Medicine in New Orleans. Amy is a second year student and writes about everyday humanism in the context of everyday problems involving two patients and their families--one she had never met and a second much closer to home. The essay contest was initiated in the spring of 2001 by the students in the School of Medicine to inspire fellow students to embrace the humanism displayed around them and to incorporate the humanistic spirit into their daily lives. The top five finalists are recognized at our White Coat Ceremony in July every year. The winning author receives a prize and presents his or her essay at the ceremony, as the keynote speaker. What is humanism? Simply, as described by our students, it is a concern with the needs, well-being, and interests of people. In our profession, humanism can take on many shapes, among them--displaying compassion, empathy, and utmost respect in the delivery of healthcare, serving as a role model by displaying professional behavior and ethical composure, showing sensitivity to diverse ethnic or religious backgrounds, effectively communicating complex medical diagnoses and treatments to patients and in turn, possessing excellent listening skills, caring for a patient's emotional and psychological well-being, possessing a work ethic that earns trust and confidence from all colleagues and patients, and being willing to help others, but also willing to seek help when necessary. These are values that we share as a profession and that we should reflect on as we do our work, day in and day out, in an environment that makes following them more and more difficult and for that reason more and more important. PMID:12440751

Gaudet, Amy L

414

Fatal extradural hemorrhage following a fall from a baby bouncer.  

PubMed

Prevention of infant deaths from accidental falls from baby equipment requires the maintaining of safety standards and adequate supervision of the infant. Mason in 1989 stated that those under one year old are usually injured because they are left unattended in, for example, bouncing cradles or baby walkers. Severe accidental head injury is relatively uncommon in children under two years of age, and in those patients less than one year of age, accidental injury is 10 to 15 times more common than nonaccidental injury. Gallagher et al. state that falls are the most common cause of accidental injury to the head in children under two years of age (mainly on stairs), whereas falls in older children tend to cause limb injuries. Both falls and burns are well documented with regard to the baby walker, but the author has found no reference to injuries from baby bouncers. This case proves that it is not necessary for a child to fall from a great height to sustain a life-threatening head injury. This infant's head was only about two feet from the ground, and he landed on a thick carpet. Pivoting about the central point provided by the seat of the bouncer obviously increased the momentum of the head before it struck the ground and so the injury was more severe than a straightforward fall back from his own height to the ground. However, it is important to be aware that serious head injuries can result from apparently minor falls. It is hoped that this case will highlight the dangers that do exist when using the baby bouncer, especially if the equipment is worn and adult supervision is absent. PMID:8989793

Claydon, S M

1996-12-01

415

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Baby Chick Ranikhet Disease Vaccine and Bangla Baby Chick Ranikhet Disease Vaccine in Fayoumi Chicks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was undertaken for testing the comparative efficacy of two live vaccines produced in Bangladesh to control Newcastle disease (ND) in chickens. One of these vaccines named 'baby chicks Ranikhet disease vaccine (BCRDV), a government vaccine produced by the Livestock Research Institute, Mohakhali, Dhaka, and the other named 'Bangla-BCRDV ® ', a commercial vaccine produced recently by a pharmaceutical

Zafar Ahmed Bhuiyan; Paritosh Kumar Biswas; M Nural Anwar; Abdul Ahad; Nitish Chandra Debnath

2006-01-01

416

Smart Mom's Baby-Sitting Co-Op Handbook: How We Solved the Baby-Sitter Puzzle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that a family with young children is under tremendous pressure and that a babysitting cooperative can give parents relief during a vital stage of a family's development, this book provides guidance for mothers of preschool children in starting and maintaining a Smart Mom's Babysitting Cooperative based on the University Place Baby-Sitting…

Myers, Gary

417

Ubiquitin is part of the retrovirus budding machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Retroviruses contain relatively large amounts of ubiquitin, but the significance of this finding has been unknown. Here, we show that drugs that are known to reduce the level of free ubiquitin in the cell dramatically reduced the release of Rous sarcoma virus, an avian retrovirus. This effect was suppressed by overexpressing ubiquitin and also by directly fusing ubiquitin to the C terminus of Gag, the viral protein that directs budding and particle release. The block to budding was found to be at the plasma membrane, and electron microscopy revealed that the reduced level of ubiquitin results in a failure of mature virus particles to separate from each other and from the plasma membrane during budding. These data indicate that ubiquitin is actually part of the budding machinery.

Patnaik, Akash; Chau, Vincent; Wills, John W.

2000-11-01

418

C4 photosynthetic machinery: insights from maize chloroplast proteomics  

PubMed Central

C4 plants exhibit much higher CO2 assimilation rates than C{}3 plants under certain conditions. The specialized differentiation of mesophyll cell and bundle sheath cell type chloroplasts is unique to C4 plants and improves photosynthetic efficiency. Maize (Zea mays) is an important crop and model with C4 photosynthetic machinery. 2DE and high-throughput quantitative proteomics approaches (e.g., isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation and shotgun proteomics) have been employed to investigate maize chloroplast structure and function. These proteomics studies have provided valuable information on C4 chloroplast protein components, photosynthesis, and other metabolic mechanisms underlying chloroplast biogenesis, stromal, and membrane differentiation, as well as response to salinity, high/low temperature, and light stress. This review presents an overview of proteomics advances in maize chloroplast biology.

Zhao, Qi; Chen, Sixue; Dai, Shaojun

2013-01-01

419

Compensation: a contemporary regulatory machinery in cardiovascular diseases?  

PubMed

Both clinical and experimental findings at the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ and systematic levels have depicted the presence of a contemporary regulatory machinery namely compensation in various forms of cardiovascular diseases. Compensation is believed to be present and regulated within the scope of a biological entity and represents the initiation of dyshomeostasis. Compensation can be identified in multiple categories and organs in cardiovascular diseases at multiple levels. The capacity to reduce the unfavorable pathological compensation may be a criterion to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness for cardiovascular diseases. This mini-review tries to take compensation into consideration in the understanding of onset and progression of cardiovascular diseases in particular, and thus, better or optimal therapeutic approaches may be achieved for the prevention and management of cardiovascular diseases. PMID:22565526

Fan, Xiu-Juan; Ren, Jun

2012-12-01

420

C4 photosynthetic machinery: insights from maize chloroplast proteomics.  

PubMed

C4 plants exhibit much higher CO2 assimilation rates than C{}3 plants under certain conditions. The specialized differentiation of mesophyll cell and bundle sheath cell type chloroplasts is unique to C4 plants and improves photosynthetic efficiency. Maize (Zea mays) is an important crop and model with C4 photosynthetic machinery. 2DE and high-throughput quantitative proteomics approaches (e.g., isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation and shotgun proteomics) have been employed to investigate maize chloroplast structure and function. These proteomics studies have provided valuable information on C4 chloroplast protein components, photosynthesis, and other metabolic mechanisms underlying chloroplast biogenesis, stromal, and membrane differentiation, as well as response to salinity, high/low temperature, and light stress. This review presents an overview of proteomics advances in maize chloroplast biology. PMID:23596450

Zhao, Qi; Chen, Sixue; Dai, Shaojun

2013-04-15

421

Improving the ergonomics of British Coal's mining machinery.  

PubMed

British Coal Corporation now require ergonomics evaluations to be undertaken on many major items of underground machinery before they are approved for use underground. Ergonomists must therefore be able to provide a service to the industry which is both consistent and reliable. It is especially important where an ergonomics evaluation could influence the purchasing decision on machines which can cost up to pound sterling 2m, that the ergonomist's conclusions/recommendations accurately reflect design issues which have both safety and performance implications. The conclusions must be consistent across assessors and over extended time periods. Ergonomists should also be able to provide designers with the detailed criteria on which their machines are assessed. The Bretby Operability Index was developed to achieve these requirements and it complements ergonomic design guidelines which have previously been developed to help ensure that ergonomics is also taken into consideration early in the design process. PMID:15676871

Mason, S

1992-08-01

422

MULTIFUNCTIONAL NANO-BIO MATERIALS WITHIN CELLULAR MACHINERY  

PubMed Central

Functional nanoscale materials that possess specific physical or chemical properties can leverage energy transduction in vivo. Once these materials integrate with biomolecules they combine physical properties of inorganic material and the biorecognition capabilities of bio-organic moieties. Such nano–bio hybrids can be interfaced with living cells, the elementary functional units of life. These nano–bio systems are capable of bio-manipulation or actuation via altering intracellular biochemical pathways. Thus, nano–bio conjugates are appealing for a wide range of applications from the life sciences and nanomedicine to catalysis and clean energy production. Here we highlight recent progress in our efforts to develop smart nano–bio hybrid materials, and to study their performance within cellular machinery under application of external stimuli, such as light or magnetic fields.

ROZHKOVA, E. A.; ULASOV, I. V.; KIM, D.-H.; DIMITRIJEVIC, N. M.; NOVOSAD, V.; BADER, S. D.; LESNIAK, M. S.; RAJH, T.

2011-01-01

423

MULTIFUNCTIONAL NANO-BIO MATERIALS WITHIN CELLULAR MACHINERY.  

PubMed

Functional nanoscale materials that possess specific physical or chemical properties can leverage energy transduction in vivo. Once these materials integrate with biomolecules they combine physical properties of inorganic material and the biorecognition capabilities of bio-organic moieties. Such nano-bio hybrids can be interfaced with living cells, the elementary functional units of life. These nano-bio systems are capable of bio-manipulation or actuation via altering intracellular biochemical pathways. Thus, nano-bio conjugates are appealing for a wide range of applications from the life sciences and nanomedicine to catalysis and clean energy production. Here we highlight recent progress in our efforts to develop smart nano-bio hybrid materials, and to study their performance within cellular machinery under application of external stimuli, such as light or magnetic fields. PMID:23105163

Rozhkova, E A; Ulasov, I V; Kim, D-H; Dimitrijevic, N M; Novosad, V; Bader, S D; Lesniak, M S; Rajh, T

2011-08-01

424

Ultra-short pulses to signal neuronal growth cone machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurable change in the sensory motor machinery of growth cones are induced by non contact femtosecond laser. The focused laser beam with an average power of 3 mW was positioned at some distance away from the closest fillopodia of cortical neurons from primary cell cultures (mice E15). By identifying a set of preliminary parameters we were able to statistically analyze the phenomenological behavior of the fillopodia and classify the effects different conditions of laser light has on the growth cone. Results show that fillopodia become significantly biased towards the focused femtosecond laser light. The same experiment performed with continuous wave (CW) produced results which were indistinguishable from the case where there is no laser light present (placebo condition) indicating no clear effects of the CW laser light on the fillopodia at a distance. These findings show the potential for ultrashort pulsed light to become a new type of pathfinding cue for neuronal growth cones.

Mathew, Manoj; Amat-Roldan, Ivan; Andres, Rosa; Cormack, Iain G.; Artigas, David; Soriano, Eduardo; Loza-Alvarez, Pablo

2007-03-01

425

Monitoring of vibrating machinery using artificial neural networks  

SciTech Connect

The primary source of vibration in complex engineering systems is rotating machinery. Vibration signatures collected from these components render valuable information about the operational state of the system and may be used to perform diagnostics. For example, the low frequency domain contains information about unbalance, misalignment, instability in journal bearing and mechanical looseness; analysis of the medium frequency range can render information about faults in meshing gear teeth; while the high frequency domain will contain information about incipient faults in rolling-element bearings. Trend analysis may be performed by comparing the vibration spectrum for each machine with a reference spectrum and evaluating the vibration magnitude changes at different frequencies. This form of analysis for diagnostics is often performed by maintenance personnel monitoring and recording transducer signals and analyzing the signals to identify the operating condition of the machine. With the advent of portable fast Fourier transform (FFT) analyzers and ``laptop`` computers, it is possible to collect and analyze vibration data an site and detect incipient failures several weeks or months before repair is necessary. It is often possible to estimate the remaining life of certain systems once a fault has been detected. RMS velocity, acceleration, displacements, peak value, and crest factor readings can be collected from vibration sensors. To exploit all the information embedded in these signals, a robust and advanced analysis technique is required. Our goal is to design a diagnostic system using neural network technology, a system such as this would automate the interpretation of vibration data coming from plant-wide machinery and permit efficient on-line monitoring of these components.

Alguindigue, I.E.; Loskiewicz-Buczak, A. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Uhrig, R.E. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1991-12-31

426

Low-resolution structure of vaccinia virus DNA replication machinery.  

PubMed

Smallpox caused by the poxvirus variola virus is a highly lethal disease that marked human history and was eradicated in 1979 thanks to a worldwide mass vaccination campaign. This virus remains a significant threat for public health due to its potential use as a bioterrorism agent and requires further development of antiviral drugs. The viral genome replication machinery appears to be an ideal target, although very little is known about its structure. Vaccinia virus is the prototypic virus of the Orthopoxvirus genus and shares more than 97% amino acid sequence identity with variola virus. Here we studied four essential viral proteins of the replication machinery: the DNA polymerase E9, the processivity factor A20, the uracil-DNA glycosylase D4, and the helicase-primase D5. We present the recombinant expression and biochemical and biophysical characterizations of these proteins and the complexes they form. We show that the A20D4 polymerase cofactor binds to E9 with high affinity, leading to the formation of the A20D4E9 holoenzyme. Small-angle X-ray scattering yielded envelopes for E9, A20D4, and A20D4E9. They showed the elongated shape of the A20D4 cofactor, leading to a 150-Å separation between the polymerase active site of E9 and the DNA-binding site of D4. Electron microscopy showed a 6-fold rotational symmetry of the helicase-primase D5, as observed for other SF3 helicases. These results favor a rolling-circle mechanism of vaccinia virus genome replication similar to the one suggested for tailed bacteriophages. PMID:23175373

Sèle, Céleste; Gabel, Frank; Gutsche, Irina; Ivanov, Ivan; Burmeister, Wim P; Iseni, Frédéric; Tarbouriech, Nicolas

2012-11-21

427

Low-Resolution Structure of Vaccinia Virus DNA Replication Machinery  

PubMed Central

Smallpox caused by the poxvirus variola virus is a highly lethal disease that marked human history and was eradicated in 1979 thanks to a worldwide mass vaccination campaign. This virus remains a significant threat for public health due to its potential use as a bioterrorism agent and requires further development of antiviral drugs. The viral genome replication machinery appears to be an ideal target, although very little is known about its structure. Vaccinia virus is the prototypic virus of the Orthopoxvirus genus and shares more than 97% amino acid sequence identity with variola virus. Here we studied four essential viral proteins of the replication machinery: the DNA polymerase E9, the processivity factor A20, the uracil-DNA glycosylase D4, and the helicase-primase D5. We present the recombinant expression and biochemical and biophysical characterizations of these proteins and the complexes they form. We show that the A20D4 polymerase cofactor binds to E9 with high affinity, leading to the formation of the A20D4E9 holoenzyme. Small-angle X-ray scattering yielded envelopes for E9, A20D4, and A20D4E9. They showed the elongated shape of the A20D4 cofactor, leading to a 150-Å separation between the polymerase active site of E9 and the DNA-binding site of D4. Electron microscopy showed a 6-fold rotational symmetry of the helicase-primase D5, as observed for other SF3 helicases. These results favor a rolling-circle mechanism of vaccinia virus genome replication similar to the one suggested for tailed bacteriophages.

Sele, Celeste; Gabel, Frank; Gutsche, Irina; Ivanov, Ivan; Burmeister, Wim P.

2013-01-01

428

Willingness to pay to Reduce a Child’s Pesticide Exposure: Evidence from the Baby Food Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we estimate the price premium associated with organic baby food by applying a hedonic model to price and characteristic data for baby food products collected in two cities: Raleigh\\/Durham, North Carolina and San Jose, California. We use price per jar of baby food as the dependent variable and control for a number of baby food characteristics (e.g.,

Kelly B. Maguire; Nicole Owens; Nathalie B. Simon

2002-01-01

429

49 CFR 1242.47 - Machinery (account XX-27-40).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Machinery (account XX-27-40). 1242.47 Section...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS SEPARATION OF...Expenses-Equipment § 1242.47 Machinery (account XX-27-40). Separate common...

2012-10-01

430

Similarity based modeling of time synchronous averaged vibration signals for machinery health monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monitoring rotating machinery is often accomplished with the aid of vibration sensors. The vibration sensor signals contain a wealth of complex information that characterizes the dynamic behavior of the machinery. Transforming this information into useful knowledge about the health of the machine can be challenging due to the presence of extraneous noise sources and variations in the vibration signal itself.

Stephan W. Wegerich

2004-01-01

431

The Symbiotic Relationship between Coal Mining Machinery Enterprises and Coal Mining Enterprises in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article used VAR model to analyze and verify the symbiosis between Chinese coal mining machinery enterprises and coal mining enterprises from the perspective of static state and dynamic state, it concluded that: there is a co-integration relationship between the actual output value of Chinese coal mining machinery enterprises and the actual value of Chinese coal mining enterprises, namely, there

Fei Wang

2009-01-01

432

Assessment of heavy earth-moving machinery noise vis-a-vis routine maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to noise from various types of equipment\\/machinery has been identified as a critical health hazard for personnel working in the Indian mining industry. Heavy Earth Moving Machinery (HEMM) used in mines has been identified as a major source of noise, and several earlier investigators have proposed various types of retrofit measures on these machines to reduce noise. The present

Harsha Vardhan; N. C. Karmakar; Y. V. Rao

2006-01-01

433

Machinery Repairman 3 & 2. Rate Training Manual and Nonresident Career Course. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Rate Training Manual (textbook) and Nonresident Career Course form a correspondence self-study package to teach the theoretical knowledge and mental skills needed by the Machinery Repairman Third Class and Second Class. The 15 chapters in the textbook are (1) Scope of the Machinery Repairman Rating; (2) Toolrooms and Tools; (3) Layout and…

Bynum, Michael H.; Taylor, Edward A.

434

Optimisation of field machinery for an arable farm converting to organic farming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optimal crop and machinery systems are essential if organic farming is to be economically competitive. The aim of this study was to examine how the capacity of an optimal field machinery system is affected with respect to economy when a farm converts to organic production. An important part of the work was to calculate timeliness factors valid for organic farming.

Carina Gunnarsson; Per-Anders Hansson

2004-01-01

435

HYDRAULIC POWER TRANSFER SYSTEMS. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ONE OF A SERIES DESIGNED TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY-LEVEL STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS, THIS GUIDE AIMS TO DEVELOP STUDENT COMPETENCY IN UNDERSTANDING BASIC HYDRAULICS AND ITS APPLICATION TO AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

436

APPLIED SIMULATION TO EVALUATE DATA LINK PARAMETERS OF CAN-BASED NETWORKS FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of electronic devices connected to agricultural machinery is increasing to support new agricultural tasks such as spatial variability mapping and variable rate application. The ISO 11783 (also called ISOBUS) standard communication link is a common tendency to integrated different devices on agricultural machinery through an embedded control network. The ISOBUS use the Controller Area Network (CAN) as a

E. P. Godoy; R. V. Sousa; G. T. Tangerino; A. J. V. Porto; R. Y. Inamasu

437

European register of babies born to mothers with antiphospholipid syndrome.  

PubMed

This prospective multicentric register was initiated by the European Forum of Antiphospholipid Antibodies (APL) in 2003 after approval by local ethic committees. This register allows the investigation of infants after written informed parental consent. It collects mothers' clinical pattern of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), course and outcome of pregnancy, treatment and immunological status. For the babies, clinical and immunological examinations are performed at birth; neurodevelopmental conditions followed up to five years. A re-evaluation of lupus anticoagulant (LA), anticardiolipin (ACL) or other antibodies will be done if they are positive at birth to follow their kinetics. A descriptive and a case control study of babies with versus without APL at birth will be possible after the inclusion of 300 cases. PMID:15485110

Boffa, M C; Aurousseau, M H; Lachassinne, E; Dauphin, H; Fain, O; Le Toumelin, P; Uzan, M; Piette, J C; Derenne, S; Boinot, C; Avcin, T; Motta, M; Faden, D; Tincani, A

2004-01-01

438

Tolerance of baby cleansers in infants: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

This randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the tolerability of a new baby cleanser formulation Johnsons Top-to-Toe cleanser (JTT) on infantile skin. 180 healthy infants (60 in each group) were enrolled and JTT Sebamed Baby Liquid cleanser (SM), and lukewarm tap water were used on the skin of the subjects as whole body cleansers twice a week for 2 weeks. Assessment was done at baseline, 1 week and 2 weeks clinically by a dermatologist, instrumentally, and by the parents. Clinical assessment (erythema, edema, dryness and scaling); skin moisture content; skin surface pH; trans-epidermal water loss; skin oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin; and consumer satisfaction were the outcome measures. There was no significant erythema, edema, dryness, or scaling elicited by any of the three test components. Parents did not report any side-effects. All the three studied interventions used as whole body cleansers were efficacious and well tolerated by infants. PMID:20453263

Dizon, Ma Victoria; Galzote, Carlos; Estanislao, Ricco; Mathew, Noble; Sarkar, Rashmi

2010-03-15

439

Anaerobic cultures from preserved tissues of baby mammoth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbiological analysis of several cold-preserved tissue samples from the Siberian baby mammoth known as Lyuba revealed a number of culturable bacterial strains that were grown on anaerobic media at 3 oC. Lactic acid produced by LAB (lactic acid bacteria) group, usually by members of the genera Carnobacterium and Lactosphera, appears to be a wonderful preservative that keeps other bacteria from colonizing a system. Permafrost and lactic acid preserved the body of this one month-old baby mammoth and kept it in exceptionally good condition, resulting in this mammoth being the most complete sample of the species ever recovered. The diversity of novel psychrophilic anaerobic isolates was expressed on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic levels. Here, we discuss the specifics of the isolation of new psychrophilic strains, differentiation from trivial contamination, and preliminary results for characterization of the cultures.

Pikuta, Elena V.; Fisher, Daniel; Hoover, Richard B.

2011-09-01

440

Motivational messages: lead a Baby Friendly Initiative community project.  

PubMed

2011 saw Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI) success in the towns of Blackburn with Darwen. The towns serve around 2,500 new babies a year, have significant social deprivation and mixed ethnicity. Commitment was made by the Trust and Local Authority, to progress to meeting full BFI standards by commissioning the Acute Trusts Infant Feeding Coordinator (midwife) to lead on the project and the change needed. Numerous challenges were met along the way, such as capacity to lead and deliver (leading to the recruitment of Donna), swine flu, GP training, organisational changes and loss of ante- and postnatal interventions. This was the first Community Trust in England to achieve full accreditation without follow up visits. This article hopes to inspire other Trusts to get started, keep going and don't let go until you get there--because it's worth it. PMID:22324135

Henry, Sue; Butler, Donna

2012-01-01

441

Learning about having a baby in easy English.  

PubMed

Limited English ability hampers communication between pregnant women and midwives and can leave the pregnant woman anxious and put the mother or baby at risk. This article describes a new antenatal course called Learn about having a baby in easy English which has been successfully used with women who have very little English or are only moderately fluent. The 12-hour programme is designed to help women understand essential antenatal information, learn key English vocabulary and gain confidence in communicating in English with health professionals. It is co-taught by a midwife and English teacher and uses simple handouts. After running for three years, indicators suggest that it is playing a useful part in equipping women for labour and motherhood. PMID:23914678

Hansford, Judith; Forsdike, Joanne

2013-06-01

442

Sex and Babies: Pregnant Couples' Postnatal Sexual Concerns  

PubMed Central

What are pregnant couples' concerns regarding their sexual relationship after their baby's arrival? A study in regard to this question was conducted with five prenatal groups (n = 82). Its results are presented in this article. The sexual concerns are categorized as being about physical matters, psychological issues, adaptation issues, and anticipatory planning. A review of the literature then develops the theoretical interpretation of each of the sexual concerns and offers suggestions for childbirth educators to address some of these issues.

Polomeno, Viola

1999-01-01

443

Do mothers want professional carers to love their babies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that ‘love’ played in mothers’ decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce (DfES, 2004; HMT, 2009). This is

Jools Page

2011-01-01

444

Communication in Europe on Semicarbazide and Baby Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the European Food Safety Authority's (EFSA) communications approach to a sensitive issue—the presence of semicarbazide in baby food—and in particular how the Authority co?ordinated the communications of its risk assessment findings with the European Commission, Member States and stakeholders in order to provide consumers in Europe with an accurate and meaningful message. Following the presentation of the

Irene van Geest

2006-01-01

445

Infant feeding. 5. Managing baby related feeding challenges.  

PubMed

'Infant feeding' is the 12th series of 'Midwifery basics' targeted at practising midwives. The aim of these articles is to inform and encourage readers to seek further information through a series of activities relating to the topic. In this fifth article Joyce Marshall considers a range of baby related issues that pose challenges for both mothers and midwives in relation to infant feeding. PMID:23461236

Marshall, Joyce

2013-02-01

446

The Baby Boom and World War II: A Macroeconomic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that one major cause of the U.S. postwar baby boom was the increased demand for female labour during World War II. We develop a quantitative dynamic general equilibrium model with endogenous fertility and female labour-force participation decisions. We use the model to assess the long-term implications of a one-time demand shock for female labour, such as the one

Matthias Doepke; Moshe Hazan; Yishay D. Maoz

2008-01-01

447

Health and Functioning Among Baby Boomers Approaching 60  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether the health and functioning of the Baby Boom generation are better or worse than those of previous cohorts in middle age. Methods Trend analysis of vital statistics and self-reports from the National Health Interview Survey for the 40–59 population. Specific outcomes (years of data): mortality (1982–2004); poor or fair health (1982–2006); nine conditions (1997–2006); physical functional limitations (1997–2006); and needing help with personal care, routine needs, or either (1997–2006). Results In 2005, the mortality rate of 59-year-olds, the leading edge of the Baby Boom, was 31% lower than that of 59-year-olds in 1982 (8.3 vs. 12.1 per 1,000). There was a similar proportional decline in poor/fair health, but the decline reversed in the last decade. From 1997 to 2006, the prevalence of reports of four conditions increased significantly, but this trend may reflect improvements in diagnosis and treatment. Functional limitations and need for help with routine needs were stable, but the need for help with personal care, while quite low, increased. Discussion Trends varied by indicator, period, and age. It is surprising that, given the socioeconomic, medical, and public health advantages of Baby Boomers throughout their lives, they are not doing considerably better on all counts.

Freedman, Vicki A.; Schoeni, Robert F.; Andreski, Patricia M.

2009-01-01

448

Do baby walkers delay onset of walking in young children?  

PubMed

Baby walkers have been a source of considerable controversy. Some people suggest developmental benefit from their use while others focus on the potential harm that stems from accidents and even suggest developmental delay. This mini-review aimed to determine if use of a baby walker delays affects the onset of walking. The Cochrane library, Embase, CINAHL and Medline were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies, which compared the onset of walking in infants who used baby walkers with a group who did not. Two RCTs and two cohort studies were identified and available for consideration. All of the studies examined the effect of infant walkers on the onset of walking. The results of the two RCTs did not demonstrate a significant effect on the onset of walking. The cohort studies suggest that the use of infant walkers delayed the onset of walking in young children and a pooled analysis of the four studies suggested a delay of between 11 and 26 days. Although the quality of the studies was relatively poor these studies lend no support to the argument that walkers aid the development of walking. The significance of a delay of this magnitude is however unclear. Further work is required to determine whether walkers are an independent causal factor in accidents. PMID:12447120

Burrows, Patricia; Griffiths, Peter

2002-11-01

449

Baby walkers--still a major cause of infant burns.  

PubMed

Baby walkers have been implicated in many forms of paediatric trauma, ranging from finger tip entrapment to severe head injury. Their relationship to childhood burns has been documented previously. The Department of Trade and Industry published further warnings in 1984 and the British Standards Institution in 1989. We wished to determine if the degree or frequency of thermal injury had been lessened by these recommendations. All parents of children under 15 months of age admitted to this unit in 1994 were asked if their child was in a baby walker at the time of injury. Eight of the 32 infants, aged between 6 and 12 months, were burned in their walking aid. Half of the burns were contact and half scalds, and the average in-patient stay was 8 days. One patient required formal resuscitation and three were grafted. The incidence and severity of thermal injury sustained in baby walkers remains at a high level despite increased safety measures. Perhaps it is time to concur with the American Academy of Paediatrics and recommend a ban on these dangerous aids. PMID:9426918

Cassell, O C; Hubble, M; Milling, M A; Dickson, W A

1997-08-01

450

Methadone as a chemical weapon: two fatal cases involving babies.  

PubMed

Methadone is largely used for the substitution management of opiate-dependent individuals but can also be easily found on the black market. The first cases involving repetitive sedation linked to the use of methadone and subsequent death of 2 babies are reported. At the autopsy, no particular morphologic changes were noted except for pulmonary and visceral congestion. There was no evidence of violence, and the pathologist in both cases found no needle marks. Toxicological analyses, as achieved by GC/MS, demonstrated both recent and repetitive methadone exposure. In case 1, a 14-month-old girl was found dead at home. Blood concentrations were 1071 and 148 ng/mL for methadone and EDDP, respectively. Hair (6 cm) tested positive at 1.91 and 0.82 ng/mg for methadone and EDDP, respectively. In case 2, a 5-month-old girl was taken to hospital in a pediatric unit for coma. Antemortem blood analysis demonstrated methadone exposure (142 ng/mL), and the baby was declared dead 12 days after admission. Hair analysis (5 cm) by segmentation was positive for methadone in the range 1.0 (root) to 21.3 ng/mg (end). The death of the babies was attributed to accidental asphyxia ina situation where methadone was considered as a chemical weapon. The mothers, who were the perpetrators in both cases, did not deny the use of methadone as a sedative drug. PMID:16404812

Kintz, Pascal; Villain, Marion; Dumestre-Toulet, Véronique; Capolaghi, Bernard; Cirimele, Vincent

2005-12-01

451

46 CFR 61.20-3 - Main and auxiliary machinery and associated equipment, including fluid control systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...machinery and associated equipment, including fluid control systems. 61.20-3 Section...machinery and associated equipment, including fluid control systems. (a) At each...its associated equipment, including the fluid control systems, as he feels...

2011-10-01

452

Machinery and Tools Used in the Manufacture of Electronic Parts and Components in the Federal Republic of West Germany.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Content: The Market Potential for American Products; General Marketing Information; Germany; The Electronics Industry; Machinery and Tools for Producing Parts and Components; Structure of the Market; How the Electronics Manufacturer Obtains Machinery; Sel...

1965-01-01

453

Fault detection in variable speed machinery: Statistical parameterization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Variable speed machinery presents a particular challenge to automated condition-monitoring systems; changes in speed have a strong relation to the vibration response collected by accelerometers—the effect of which may mask fault conditions in standard condition monitoring techniques. In order to account for the effects of this measurable variable, the vibration response will be segmented into speed bins with a small range of speed. The mean and covariance matrix for the feature vectors in each speed bin will be computed in order to derive a statistical novelty boundary for that bin. Each component of these statistical parameters can then be interpolated or regressed in order to derive boundaries for speed segments where no training data is available. A comparison of the use of a statistical decision boundary and support vector boundaries, whose inputs have been centralized and whitened with these statistical parameters, will reveal a stronger classification approach. These methods were validated on data gathered from an experimental gearbox and motor apparatus operating at variable speeds; the results indicate a high degree of separability between data from healthy and faulted states—providing exceptional classification error.

McBain, Jordan; Timusk, Markus

2009-11-01

454

Vibration monitoring of EDF rotating machinery using artificial neural networks  

SciTech Connect

Vibration monitoring of components in nuclear power plants has been used for a number of years. This technique involves the analysis of vibration data coming from vital components of the plant to detect features which reflect the operational state of machinery. The analysis leads to the identification of potential failures and their causes, and makes it possible to perform efficient preventive maintenance. Earlydetection is important because it can decrease the probability of catastrophic failures, reduce forced outgage, maximize utilization of available assets, increase the life of the plant, and reduce maintenance costs. This paper documents our work on the design of a vibration monitoring methodology based on neural network technology. This technology provides an attractive complement to traditional vibration analysis because of the potential of neural networks to operate in real-time mode and to handle data which may be distorted or noisy. Our efforts have been concentrated on the analysis and classification of vibration signatures collected by Electricite de France (EDF). Two neural networks algorithms were used in our project: the Recirculation algorithm and the Backpropagation algorithm. Although this project is in the early stages of development it indicates that neural networks may provide a viable methodology for monitoring and diagnostics of vibrating components. Our results are very encouraging.

Alguindigue, I.E.; Loskiewicz-Buczak, A.; Uhrig, R.E. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Hamon, L.; Lefevre, F. [Electricite de France, 78 - Chatou (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches

1991-12-31

455

Vibration monitoring of EDF rotating machinery using artificial neural networks  

SciTech Connect

Vibration monitoring of components in nuclear power plants has been used for a number of years. This technique involves the analysis of vibration data coming from vital components of the plant to detect features which reflect the operational state of machinery. The analysis leads to the identification of potential failures and their causes, and makes it possible to perform efficient preventive maintenance. Earlydetection is important because it can decrease the probability of catastrophic failures, reduce forced outgage, maximize utilization of available assets, increase the life of the plant, and reduce maintenance costs. This paper documents our work on the design of a vibration monitoring methodology based on neural network technology. This technology provides an attractive complement to traditional vibration analysis because of the potential of neural networks to operate in real-time mode and to handle data which may be distorted or noisy. Our efforts have been concentrated on the analysis and classification of vibration signatures collected by Electricite de France (EDF). Two neural networks algorithms were used in our project: the Recirculation algorithm and the Backpropagation algorithm. Although this project is in the early stages of development it indicates that neural networks may provide a viable methodology for monitoring and diagnostics of vibrating components. Our results are very encouraging.

Alguindigue, I.E.; Loskiewicz-Buczak, A.; Uhrig, R.E. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering); Hamon, L.; Lefevre, F. (Electricite de France, 78 - Chatou (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches)

1991-01-01

456

Actin machinery of phagocytic cells: universal target for bacterial attack.  

PubMed

Uptake of microorganisms by eukaryotic cells depends on proper functioning of the actin machinery. It creates a driving force for the cell membrane deformations necessary for ingestion and killing of microbes by phagocytes. Therefore, specific alterations in the activity of the actin apparatus could be favorable for pathogenic bacteria, representing an efficient mechanism in their virulence. Such alterations are supposed to be achieved in two principle ways. One is accomplished via binding of bacterial ligands to certain surface receptors, which initiate subsequent actin cytoskeleton rearrangements. Another is to introduce cytoskeleton-targeted products directly into eukaryotic cells and in this way modulate the activity of the actin apparatus. Indeed, Legionella and some other intracellular parasites possess ligands able to stimulate certain receptors on the surface of phagocytes and possess devices suitable for translocation of effector molecules into eukaryotic cytoplasm. The results of such events could be increased uptake of these microbes and their subsequent transportation to permit multiplication in their intracellular niche. On the contrary, representatives of Clostridium and a number of other extracellular pathogens create products which penetrate eukaryotic cells and disorganize the actin cytoskeleton network, thus making uptake of these pathogens by phagocytes impossible. PMID:12112426

Belyi, Iouri F

2002-06-15

457

Origins and early evolution of the translation machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The modern ribosome is a complex biological machine that is responsible for chiral synthesis of cellular proteins according to the genetic code as specified by a mRNA. Major portions of the ribosomal machinery were likely in place before the last universal common ancestor (LUCA) of life. The early evolution of the ribosome has implications for the origin of the genetic code, the emergence of chirality in peptide synthesis, and the emergence of LUCA. Although codon assignments may remain a mystery, the history of the ribosome provides a context for dating the first usage of mRNA. In the case of chirality, the modern ribosome suggests that a small initial chiral preference for L-amino acids in the environment may have been greatly enhanced by a two step process in which the charging of a primitive tRNA and the subsequent synthesis of a peptide bond both had the same chiral preference. The resulting ability to make largely chiral peptides may have provided an advantage over other prebiotic mechanisms for making peptides. Finally, the late addition of factors such as EF-G may have greatly accelerated the emerging ribosome's ability to synthesize proteins, thereby allowing entities with this novel capability to emerge as the LUCA.

Fox, George E.

2010-08-01

458

The YPWM motif links Antennapedia to the basal transcriptional machinery.  

PubMed

HOX genes specify segment identity along the anteroposterior axis of the embryo. They code for transcription factors harbouring the highly conserved homeodomain and a YPWM motif, situated amino terminally to it. Despite their highly diverse functions in vivo, HOX proteins display similar biochemical properties in vitro, raising the question of how this specificity is achieved. In our study, we investigated the importance of the Antennapedia (Antp) YPWM motif for homeotic transformations in adult Drosophila. By ectopic overexpression, the head structures of the fly can be transformed into structures of the second thoracic segment, such as antenna into second leg, head capsule into thorax (notum) and eye into wing. We found that the YPWM motif is absolutely required for the eye-to-wing transformation. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we were able to identify a novel ANTP-interacting protein, Bric-à-brac interacting protein 2 (BIP2), that specifically interacts with the YPWM motif of ANTP in vitro, as well as in vivo, transforming eye to wing tissue. BIP2 is a TATA-binding protein associated factor (also known as dTAFII3) that links ANTP to the basal transcriptional machinery. PMID:18367556

Prince, Frédéric; Katsuyama, Tomonori; Oshima, Yoshiteru; Plaza, Serge; Resendez-Perez, Diana; Berry, Meera; Kurata, Shoichiro; Gehring, Walter J

2008-03-26

459

Identification of an iron acquisition machinery in Flavobacterium columnare.  

PubMed

Flavobacterium columnare, a fastidious Gram-negative pathogen and the causative agent of columnaris disease, is one of the most harmful pathogens in the freshwater fish-farming industry. Nevertheless the virulence mechanisms of F. columnare are not well understood. Bacterial iron uptake from the host during infection is an important mechanism of virulence. Here we identified and analyzed part of the iron uptake machinery of F. columnare. Under iron-limited conditions during in vitro growth, synthesis of an outer membrane protein of ~86 kDa was upregulated. This protein was identified as a TonB-dependent ferrichrome-iron receptor precursor (FhuA). Synthesis of siderophores in F. columnare was corroborated by chrome azurol S assays. A putative ferric uptake regulator (Fur) protein was also identified in the F. columnare genome. Structural analysis of the F. columnare Fur protein revealed that it was similar to Fur proteins involved in iron uptake regulation of other bacteria. Furthermore, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) ?fur mutants were partially complemented by the F. columnare fur gene. We conclude that a siderophore-mediated iron uptake system exists in F. columnare, and fur from F. columnare could partially complement S. Typhimurium ?fur mutant. PMID:24113246

Guan, Lingyu; Santander, Javier; Mellata, Melha; Zhang, Yuangxing; Curtiss, Roy

2013-10-11

460

An innovative simplified MCH score for assessing the ideal babies in well baby shows of postpartum outreach programme.  

PubMed

In India, a simple scoring method was used to select winners at 18 well-baby shows over the last five years in low-income areas of Kotla Mubarakpur and Gautam Nagar, in the Rajeev Gandhi Resettlement Colony, in jhuggi jhopri clusters around the All Institute of Medical Sciences (AAIMS) in New Delhi, and in the Bangladeshi refugee colony (Kidwai Nagar). The parameters used to select ideal babies were parents' age at marriage and educational status, mother's age at first birth, number of living children in relation to marriage duration, immunization status of living children, birth interval, contraceptive use, and routine criteria on general health and hygiene. Winners were chosen among infants, toddlers (1-2 years), and preschool children (2-5). Health promotional activities, maternal and child health (MCH) services, and family planning (FP) services were featured at the health camps where the well-baby shows occurred. 60-90 children and 100-2000 couples participated in the well-baby shows. Health workers explained to parents of children with a poor score why their children had a poor score. At the health camps, parents adopted FP methods and had their children immunized, regardless of score, so as to improve their score for the next show and to win prizes. The well-baby scores improved over time (24.64-31.2 for Kotla Mubarakpur, 19-24.6 for Gautam Nagar, 20.9-22.4 for Rajeev Gandhi, 20.6-23.6 for AIIMS jhuggi, and 13.6-21.4 for Kidwai Nagar). A weekly clinic operating in Kotla Mubarakpur accounted for the high initial mean score. Gautam Nagar had only periodic health services. A weekly mobile health van provided services in the Rajeev Gandhi colony. Door to door contacts were conducted in the jhuggi jhopri clusters to promote MCH/FP services. The scoring method reinforced integration of MCH/FP services. It allowed local health workers to make rapid analyses and MCH decision making. It also served as a tool to monitor the efficacy of local MCH/FP services. PMID:12319818

Anandalakshmy, P N; Mittal, S

461

46 CFR 32.56-25 - Category A machinery spaces: Windows and port lights-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Windows and port lights-T/ALL... § 32.56-25 Category A machinery spaces: Windows and port lightsâT/ALL...chapter, boundaries of category A machinery spaces and boundaries of cargo pumprooms...

2011-10-01

462

Baby Schema in Infant Faces Induces Cuteness Perception and Motivation for Caretaking in Adults  

PubMed Central

Ethologist Konrad Lorenz proposed that baby schema (‘Kindchenschema’) is a set of infantile physical features such as the large head, round face and big eyes that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in other individuals, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. Previous work on this fundamental concept was restricted to schematic baby representations or correlative approaches. Here, we experimentally tested the effects of baby schema on the perception of cuteness and the motivation for caretaking using photographs of infant faces. Employing quantitative techniques, we parametrically manipulated the baby schema content to produce infant faces with high (e.g. round face and high forehead), and low (e. g. narrow face and low forehead) baby schema features that retained all the characteristics of a photographic portrait. Undergraduate students (n = 122) rated these infants’ cuteness and their motivation to take care of them. The high baby schema infants were rated as more cute and elicited stronger motivation for caretaking than the unmanipulated and the low baby schema infants. This is the first experimental proof of the baby schema effects in actual infant faces. Our findings indicate that the baby schema response is a critical function of human social cognition that may be the basis of caregiving and have implications for infant–caretaker interactions.

Glocker, Melanie L.; Langleben, Daniel D.; Ruparel, Kosha; Loughead, James W.; Gur, Ruben C.; Sachser, Norbert

2012-01-01

463

Pacifiers and Thumb Sucking  

MedlinePLUS

... Baby: 0-12 mos. Bathing & Skin Care Breastfeeding Crying & Colic Diapers & Clothing Feeding & Nutrition Preemie Sleep Teething & ... Us My Cart Healthy Children > Ages & Stages > Baby > Crying & Colic > Pacifiers and Thumb Sucking Ages & Stages Listen ...

464

DNA-uptake machinery of naturally competent Vibrio cholerae.  

PubMed

Natural competence for transformation is a mode of horizontal gene transfer that is commonly used by bacteria to take up DNA from their environment. As part of this developmental program, so-called competence genes, which encode the components of a DNA-uptake machinery, are expressed. Several models have been proposed for the DNA-uptake complexes of competent bacteria, and most include a type IV (pseudo)pilus as a core component. However, cell-biology-based approaches to visualizing competence proteins have so far been restricted to Gram-positive bacteria. Here, we report the visualization of a competence-induced pilus in the Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae. We show that piliated cells mostly contain a single pilus that is not biased toward a polar localization and that this pilus colocalizes with the outer membrane secretin PilQ. PilQ, on the other hand, forms several foci around the cell and occasionally colocalizes with the dynamic cytoplasmic-traffic ATPase PilB, which is required for pilus extension. We also determined the minimum competence regulon of V. cholerae, which includes at least 19 genes. Bacteria with mutations in those genes were characterized with respect to the presence of surface-exposed pili, DNA uptake, and natural transformability. Based on these phenotypes, we propose that DNA uptake in naturally competent V. cholerae cells occurs in at least two steps: a pilus-dependent translocation of the incoming DNA across the outer membrane and a pilus-independent shuttling of the DNA through the periplasm and into the cytoplasm. PMID:24127573

Seitz, Patrick; Blokesch, Melanie

2013-10-14

465

Tombusvirus recruitment of host translational machinery via the 3? UTR  

PubMed Central

RNA viruses recruit the host translational machinery by different mechanisms that depend partly on the structure of their genomes. In this regard, the plus-strand RNA genomes of several different pathogenic plant viruses do not contain traditional translation-stimulating elements, i.e., a 5?-cap structure and a 3?-poly(A) tail, and instead rely on a 3?-cap-independent translational enhancer (3?CITE) located in their 3? untranslated regions (UTRs) for efficient synthesis of viral proteins. We investigated the structure and function of the I-shaped class of 3?CITE in tombusviruses—also present in aureusviruses and carmoviruses—using biochemical and molecular approaches and we determined that it adopts a complex higher-order RNA structure that facilitates translation by binding simultaneously to both eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4F and the 5? UTR of the viral genome. The specificity of 3?CITE binding to eIF4F is mediated, at least in part, through a direct interaction with its eIF4E subunit, whereas its association with the viral 5? UTR relies on complementary RNA–RNA base-pairing. We show for the first time that this tripartite 5? UTR/3?CITE/eIF4F complex forms in vitro in a translationally relevant environment and is required for recruitment of ribosomes to the 5? end of the viral RNA genome by a mechanism that shares some fundamental features with cap-dependent translation. Notably, our results demonstrate that the 3?CITE facilitates the initiation step of translation and validate a molecular model that has been proposed to explain how several different classes of 3?CITE function. Moreover, the virus–host interplay defined in this study provides insights into natural host resistance mechanisms that have been linked to 3?CITE activity.

Nicholson, Beth L.; Wu, Baodong; Chevtchenko, Irina; White, K. Andrew

2010-01-01

466

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition: four years of progress.  

PubMed Central

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is a cooperative venture of 80 national voluntary, health professional, and governmental organizations committed to improving maternal and infant health through education. In the 4 years since its creation, the Coalition has grown in scope and size, established an Executive Secretariat, and begun activities directed at breastfeeding, substance use, injury prevention, genetics, oral health, adolescent pregnancy, and motivation of low-income women. National Coalition educational materials on these subjects are produced by representatives of the national organization members contributing time and their organization's resources. In addition, member organizations sponsor the publication of a quarterly newsletter and other coalition-building materials including an exhibit, slide-tape show, television production kit, and a community organization guide. Combined with State and community enthusiasm for the Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies concept, technical assistance from national members has led to the formation of coalitions in many States--more than 40 States have designated contacts with the national coalition. The State coalitions have undertaken a variety of campaigns; the achievements in 12 States are outlined. Of high priority during the next year will be support of these developing State coalitions through co-sponsorship of regional conferences. The national Coalition will also continue to recognize innovative programs through annual national achievement awards. The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is dedicated to continued development and promotion of educational programs for pregnant women, those planning a pregnancy, and their caregivers until 1990, in support of the health Objectives for the nation. Images p152-a p153-a p155-a

Arkin, E B

1986-01-01

467

Neonatal weight loss at a US Baby-Friendly Hospital.  

PubMed

Few if any studies have examined weight loss among term newborns by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Perhaps because so few data exist, there is no standard in the United States for normal newborn weight loss. Our objective was to investigate normal newborn weight loss among infants born in a US Baby-Friendly hospital, by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Using a prospective cohort design, infants born at an urban Boston, MA, hospital were enrolled within 72 hours of delivery and weighed daily for the first week of life. In hospital, infant weight was obtained from the medical record; post discharge, a research assistant visited the home daily and weighed the baby. All feeds in week 1 of life were recorded. Birth-related factors potentially affecting weight loss were abstracted from the medical record. Complete data were collected on 121 infants. Mean weight loss was 4.9% (range=0.0% to 9.9%); 19.8% (24 of 121) of infants lost >7% of their birth weight; no infant lost >10%. Maximum percent weight loss was significantly associated with feeding type: exclusively and mainly breastfed infants lost 5.5%, mainly formula-fed infants lost 2.7% and exclusively formula-fed infants lost 1.2% (P<0.001). Type of delivery and fluids received during labor were not associated with weight loss. Clinical practices at a Baby-Friendly hospital, which support and optimize breastfeeding, appear to be associated with only moderate weight loss in exclusively and mainly breastfed infants. PMID:22717201

Grossman, Xena; Chaudhuri, Jana H; Feldman-Winter, Lori; Merewood, Anne

2012-03-01

468

Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy in babies weighing 5 kg or less  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and complication rate of laparoscopic inguinal hernia\\u000a repair for small babies weighing 5 kg or less compared with the traditional open herniotomy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective analysis was performed on the surgical charts of 147 infants weighing 5 kg or less who underwent laparoscopic\\u000a hernia repair. Either a regular 5-mm scope or a microlaparoscope was

Salmai Turial; Jan Enders; Kathrin Krause; Felix Schier

2011-01-01

469

Collodion baby associated with asymmetric crying facies: a case report.  

PubMed

Collodion baby is a distinct subset of neonatal erythroderma that can be a clinical marker for a variety of underlying abnormalities. The phenotype includes parchment-like hyperkeratosis, pseudocontractures, ectropion, eclabium, absence of eyebrows, and sparse hair. Asymmetric crying facies is caused by congenital hypoplasia or agenesis of the depressor anguli oris muscle. Associations of this facial defect with major congenital anomalies have been reported, most commonly in the cardiovascular system, less frequently involving the genitourinary, musculoskeletal, cervicofacial, and respiratory systems, and rarely the endocrine system. We report a newborn with a collodion membrane and asymmetric crying facies. To the best of our knowledge, this association has not been previously published. PMID:12657010

Akcakus, Mustafa; Gunes, Tamer; Kurtoglu, Selim; Ozturk, Adnan

470

Guidelines for meeting emission regulations for rotating machinery with mechanical seals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mechanical seals have played a major role during many years in minimizing emissions to atmosphere in rotating machinery. A review is presented of the continuing innovations and new technologies to improve mechanical seal performance in terms of emissions.

471

The accident analysis of mobile mine machinery in Indian opencast coal mines.  

PubMed

This paper presents the analysis of large mining machinery related accidents in Indian opencast coal mines. The trends of coal production, share of mining methods in production, machinery deployment in open cast mines, size and population of machinery, accidents due to machinery, types and causes of accidents have been analysed from the year 1995 to 2008. The scrutiny of accidents during this period reveals that most of the responsible factors are machine reversal, haul road design, human fault, operator's fault, machine fault, visibility and dump design. Considering the types of machines, namely, dumpers, excavators, dozers and loaders together the maximum number of fatal accidents has been caused by operator's faults and human faults jointly during the period from 1995 to 2008. The novel finding of this analysis is that large machines with state-of-the-art safety system did not reduce the fatal accidents in Indian opencast coal mines. PMID:23324038

Kumar, R; Ghosh, A K

2013-01-17

472

Semi-Annual Report on Materials Research in Support of Superconducting Machinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are reported of a six-month study, ending March 1976, on candidate materials for superconducting machinery. The results cover five areas--advanced composites, elastic properties, fatigue resistance and fracture toughness, magnetothermal conductivi...

R. P. Reed J. G. Hust M. B. Kasen H. M. Ledbetter D. T. Read

1976-01-01

473

Norway Industry Marketing Profile for Production Machinery, Test Instrumentation and Special Materials for Electronic Components.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Norway for production machinery, test instrumentation and special materials for electronic components; to examine growth trends in Norwegian end-user industrie...

1977-01-01

474

49 CFR 393.130 - What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ACCESSORIES NECESSARY FOR SAFE OPERATION Protection Against Shifting and Falling Cargo Specific Securement Requirements by Commodity Type § 393.130 What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery? (a)...

2011-10-01

475

46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS PUBLIC NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS Inspections § 167.15-25 Inspection...and machinery. Except as otherwise provided by law or regulations in this subpart, the following...

2012-10-01

476

46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS PUBLIC NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS Inspections § 167.15-25 Inspection...and machinery. Except as otherwise provided by law or regulations in this subpart, the following...

2011-10-01

477

Analysis of propensity to patent and science-dependence of large Japanese manufacturers of electrical machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The paper aims to clarify the extent to which the results of scientific-oriented research conducted by corporations are reflected\\u000a in their application-oriented research. Focusing on large Japanese manufacturers of electrical machinery, the paper analyses\\u000a firm-level data on presentations of scientific papers that represent the results of scientific-oriented research activities,\\u000a citations of scientific papers in patents, and inventions. The electrical machinery

Jun Suzuki; Kiminori Gemba; Schumpeter Tamada; Yoshihito Yasaki; Akira Goto

2006-01-01

478

Prediction Method of Machinery Condition Based on Recurrent Neural Networks Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to overcome the disadvantage of traditional feedforward neural networks in long-term prediction of machinery condition, a new neural model, so called the multi-step recurrent prediction model based on recurrent neural network is proposed. A learning algorithm of recurrent model for long-term prediction is also presented, which is supposed to obtain better predictions of machinery condition. The feasibility of

Guangrui Wen; Xining Zhang

2004-01-01

479

The peroxisomal protein import machinery – a case report of transient ubiquitination with a new flavor  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  The peroxisomal protein import machinery displays remarkable properties. Be it its capacity to accept already folded proteins\\u000a as substrates, its complex architecture or its energetics, almost every aspect of this machinery seems unique. The list of\\u000a unusual properties is still growing as shown by the recent finding that one of its central components, Pex5p, is transiently\\u000a monoubiquitinated at a cysteine

C. P. Grou; A. F. Carvalho; M. P. Pinto; I. S. Alencastre; T. A. Rodrigues; M. O. Freitas; T. Francisco; C. Sá-Miranda; J. E. Azevedo

2009-01-01

480

The plastid machinery of apical meristematic cells of potato tubers whose growth is regulated by melaphene  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparative ultramorphometric study of the plastid machinery of apical meristematic cells of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers in a normal state (during sprouting) and under treatment with melaphene, a growth regulator of a new generation,\\u000a at a growth-stimulating concentration was performed. The area of the plastid machinery of cells was found to increase under\\u000a the effect of melaphene. A

T. A. Platonova; A. S. Evsyunina; N. P. Korableva

2009-01-01

481

An evaluation of liquid and two-phase cooling techniques for use in electrical machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantages that can be achieved through the use of advanced techniques for cooling of electric machinery are discussed. A brief literature survey is presented on liquid cooling of rotating machinery, where the liquid is in off-axis rotation. The lack of models to adequately predict pressure drop and heat-transfer performance in this situation has been noted. The use of heat-pipe

A. S. Wanniarachchi; P. J. Marto

1984-01-01

482

Expression Profiling of Components of the miRNA Maturation Machinery.  

PubMed

The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is a valuable and well-proven technique used to investigate the expression level of multiple components of the microRNA (miRNA) maturation machinery. Here, we describe how to determine the messenger RNA expression levels of components of the miRNA machinery starting from the isolation of the RNA from a tissue biopsy to performance of the qRT-PCR. PMID:24166302

Sand, Michael; Skrygan, Marina

2014-01-01

483

Chemical-biological exploration of the limits of the Ras de- and repalmitoylating machinery.  

PubMed

A dynamic de-/repalmitoylation cycle determines localization and activity of H- and N-Ras. This combined cellular de- and repalmitoylation machinery has been shown to be substrate tolerant--it accepts variation of amino acid sequence, structure and configuration. Here, semisynthetic Ras-proteins in which the C-terminal amino acids are replaced by peptoid residues are used to reveal the first limitations of substrate recognition by the de- and repalmitoylating machinery. PMID:22488913

Görmer, Kristina; Bürger, Marco; Kruijtzer, John A W; Vetter, Ingrid; Vartak, Nachiket; Brunsveld, Lucas; Bastiaens, Philippe I H; Liskamp, Rob M J; Triola, Gemma; Waldmann, Herbert

2012-04-05

484

Implementing and revitalizing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative.  

PubMed

The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched in the 1990s by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF as a global effort with hospitals, health services, and parents to ensure babies are breastfed for the best start in life. It is one of the Operational Targets of the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding endorsed in 2002 by the Fifty-Fifth World Health Assembly and the UNICEF Executive Board. After about 18 years, great progress has been made, and most countries have breastfeeding authorities or BFHI coordinating groups. The BFHI has led to increased rates of exclusive breastfeeding, which are reflected in improved health and survival. Based on this progress, the Initiative was streamlined according to the experience of the countries and materials were revised. The new package consolidated all WHO and UNICEF materials into one package, reflected new research and experience, revisited the criteria used for the BFHI in light of HIV/ AIDS, reinforced the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes, provided modules for mother-friendly care, and gave more guidance for monitoring and reassessment. WHO and partners will continue to give support to BFHI implementation as one essential effort contributing to achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. PMID:20496615

Saadeh, Randa; Casanovas, Carmen

2009-06-01

485

An empirical study of Freud's penis-baby equation.  

PubMed

One hypothesis of traditional psychoanalytic theory holds that a cardinal aspect of the "natural" development of femininity involves the woman's substitution of the wish for a baby in place of her original wish for a penis. The current study modified and extended earlier research examining the validity of Freud's this "penis-baby" theory. College-aged women and men were presented with either subliminal or supraliminal auditory messages concerned with either pregnancy or penetration themes. Subjects' written responses to Holtzman ink-blots, obtained both before and after exposure to an auditory message, were content-coded for phallic imagery and sexual imagery. Consistent with Freud's speculations about the phallic significance of pregnancy for women, female subjects who were exposed to the subliminal pregnancy message produced significantly more phallic imagery responses to ink-blots than did women in any of the other experimental conditions (p < .01). The phallic imagery production of males did not vary significantly as a function of message condition. Implications of these findings are discussed in the context of modern revisions to Freud's psychology of women and the current psychoanalytic conceptualization of penis envy as a highly condensed mental product with many layers of meaning. PMID:7509371

Jones, R L

1994-03-01

486

Knemometry and the assessment of growth in premature babies.  

PubMed Central

The characteristics of a knemometer designed for accurate lower leg measurement in babies were assessed. Repeated measurement of a 100 mm Perspex rod gave a mean length of 99.993 mm and a mean SD of 0.058. When used to measure leg length, technical error of the measurement technique was 0.31 with a mean leg length of 98.49 mm (coefficient of variation 0.31%). Leg lengths measured at birth in 324 babies from 23 to 42 weeks' gestation gave an estimated in utero leg length velocity of 0.43 mm/day (95% confidence interval 0.41 to 0.45). Assessment of interobserver variation showed poor agreement in absolute values of leg length, although similar estimates of leg length velocity could be obtained. The neonatal knemometer allows measurements to be made in situations where conventional growth measurements are not possible. It is believed that knemometry has an important role in accurate evaluation of factors that can influence short term bone growth. Images

Gibson, A T; Pearse, R G; Wales, J K

1993-01-01

487

Evaluation of the North Carolina "Baby Think It Over" project.  

PubMed

The North Carolina "Baby Think It Over" (BTIO) evaluation was conducted during spring semester 2000. Data were collected from participating teachers, students, and parents. Twenty-five teachers were selected randomly from different counties in North Carolina. Each randomly selected teacher coordinated the evaluation in conjunction with the intervention. Student surveys determined whether using the BTIO doll changed perceptions and attitudes toward teen parenting. Information also was collected on the veracity of each student's participation based on data provided from the computer in the baby. Surveys were sent home to the parents of participating students so information on communication, disruption of the household, and parenting perceptions could be obtained. Each teacher completed a survey that sought information on topics discussed throughout the intervention, hours of the program, and perceptions of program effectiveness. Parents and teachers were offered participation incentives. Overall, support existed for the BTIO intervention by parents and teachers. Most teachers and parents felt the program was effective at increasing communication about parenting and changing teens' attitudes in a desired direction. Most teachers reported that the intervention was not disruptive to their classes. However, results from student surveys did not reveal the same support. Student changes in attitudes and beliefs about parenting after the intervention were minimal. PMID:12109172

Tingle, Lynne R

2002-05-01

488

Using Baby Books to Increase New Mothers' Safety Practices  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine if educational baby books are an effective method for increasing low-income, first-time mothers’ safety practices during their child’s first 18 months. Patients and Methods Primiparous women (n = 167) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: an educational book group, a non-educational book group, or a no-book group. Home visits and interviews measured safety practices when women were in their third trimester of pregnancy (baseline) and when their child was 2, 4, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of age. Results Women in the educational book group had fewer risks in their homes and exercised more safety practices than the no-book group (effect size = ?0.30; 20% risk reduction). When the safety practices involved little time or expense (e.g., putting away sharp objects), the educational book group was significantly more likely to engage in these behaviors than the no-book (40% higher practices; effect size = 0.19) or non-educational book groups (27% higher practices; effect size = 0.13). However, no differences were found between groups for behaviors that required high effort in time, money or hassle (e.g., installing latches on cabinets). Discussion Educational baby books appear to be an easy and low cost way to increase the safety practices of new mothers, especially if the practices involve little to no time, money, and hassle.

Reich, Stephanie M.; Penner, Emily K.; Duncan, Greg J.

2010-01-01

489

[Creating baby-friendly neonatal intensive care units].  

PubMed

Most expectant parents anticipate giving birth to a healthy newborn. Admission of a neonate to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is thus nearly always a significant and negative shock to parents and family members. We derived core concepts for this article from the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund (WHO/UNICEF)'s Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, updated, and expanded for integrated care (2009). This framework document advocates expanding to NICUs guidelines that were originally developed for maternity units. This paper reviews the importance of breastfeeding to the mother-baby dyad and family integration. We suggest how to build a breastfeeding-friendly environment within the NICU using 10 steps that adhere to the NEO-BFHI's three "Guiding Principles". The proposed environment gives special emphasis to providing continued and unlimited kangaroo care, creating a family-centered NICU design, implementing an effective milk expression and monitoring plan, and respecting mothers' individual needs. Suggestions are provided as a reference to government policymakers and medical centers to facilitate the creation of breastfeeding-friendly environments in NICUs. PMID:23386520

Wang, Shu-Fang; Gau, Meei-Ling

2013-02-01

490

Head injuries related to the use of baby walkers.  

PubMed Central

To determine what proportion of head injuries in children under 24 months of age who presented to an emergency department were related to the use of baby walkers, we reviewed the charts of 52 such children. Walkers were involved in 42% of the head injuries in the children under 12 months of age and in none of those in the children aged 12 to 24 months. All walker-related injuries, including skull fractures in three children, involved stairs (p less than 0.001). Questionnaires were also sent to all families with children aged 3 to 18 months attending a private pediatric practice to determine the prevalence of falls involving baby walkers among these children and the factors associated with such falls. Of the 152 responding families 82% reported using or having used a walker. Thirty-six percent of the families reported that their child had a fall while in a walker, with 8.8% of the falls resulting in contact with a doctor. Walker-related falls were directly associated with time spent in the walker (p less than 0.001) and with a previous fall from the walker by an older sibling (p less than 0.03). Since there is no demonstrated benefit of walkers, their use should not be encouraged, and parents should be advised of their potential danger.

Stoffman, J M; Bass, M J; Fox, A M

1984-01-01

491

Surgical treatment of ankyloglossia in babies--case report.  

PubMed

Ankyloglossia is an anomaly that is characterized by the abnormal insertion of the lingual frenulum that hinders protrusion and elevation of the tongue towards the palate, due to the short and thick composition of the frenulum. In babies it can cause inefficient nursing at the mother's breast, inadequate transfer of milk and pain in the mother's breast, resulting in early weaning and weight loss. An 8-month-old baby boy was brought to the clinic by his mother because he found it difficult to suck and consequently avoiding breast feeding, and was apparently losing weight. During the clinical exam it was observed that the patient presented little mobility of the tongue. Owing to the degree of ankyloglossia and the features of malnutrition present, it was decided to carry out complete removal of the frenulum under general anesthesia. Although this procedure might increase the risk of morbidity, the possibility of recurrence and the need to perform further procedures are avoided; the main advantage is reducing aggravation of the clinical problems. PMID:20615663

Manfro, A R G; Manfro, R; Bortoluzzi, M C

2010-07-07

492

The Unique Experiences of Women and Their Families After the Death of a Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to discover the ways in which the woman's experience of a baby's death affects her as an individual and within the family system. More specifically, this study asked: Does a woman's experience of stillbirth appear to have long-lasting effects, and what variables influence such changes? Expressed through their own narratives, it appears that a baby's death has

Joanne Cacciatore

2010-01-01

493

Virtual Baby Used as a Virtual Environment for Patients with Severe Dementia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We gave patients with severe dementia a baby-like doll to serve as a virtual baby in a therapeutic program and after dinner when the subjects missed their homes. In the therapeutic program, an occupational therapist provided the patients with two soft pla...

S. Yonemitsu K. Nakamura A. Itoh Y. Higashi T. Fujimoto

2001-01-01

494

Maternal care practices and breastfeeding in North Carolina: becoming baby-friendly.  

PubMed

Baby Friendly hospitals promote and support breastfeeding to increase the number of infants who receive the health and social benefits and optimal nutrition that breast milk provides. Hospitals that implement best practices for breastfeeding can receive the "baby friendly" designation. A transdisciplinary approach is increasing the number of North Carolina mothers who initiate breastfeeding. PMID:23530380

Mims, Susan R; Lisenbee, Joni H

495

Natural history of innocent heart murmurs in newborn babies: controlled echocardiographic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo define the origin and the natural history of innocent heart murmurs in newborn infants.METHODSFifty healthy babies born at term with the clinical diagnosis of an innocent heart murmur and 50 controls without a murmur were studied. Each baby had a complete two dimensional and pulsed Doppler echocardiogram and those with any abnormality were followed up at 6 weeks, 3

Romaine Arlettaz; Nicholas Archer; Andrew R Wilkinson

1998-01-01

496

The impact of litigants' baby-facedness and attractiveness on adjudications in small claims courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of litigants' facial appearance on judicial decisions were investigated in 506 cases heard in small claims courts. Replicating previous laboratory studies, both baby-facedness and attractiveness exerted a significant impact on adjudications. As plaintiffs increased in attractiveness, defendants were more likely to lose the case. Also, as defendants increased in baby-facedness, they were more likely to win cases involving

Leslie A. Zebrowitz; Susan M. McDonaldt

1991-01-01

497

Reading Baby Books: Medicine, Marketing, Money and the Lives of American Infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This article examines American baby books from the late nineteenth through the twentieth century. Baby books are ephemeral publications—formatted with one or more printed pages for recording developmental, health, and social information about infants and often including personal observations, artifacts such as photographs or palm prints, medical and other prescriptive advice, and advertisements. For historians they serve as records of

Janet Golden; Lynn Weiner

2011-01-01

498

Reading Baby Books: Medicine, Marketing, Money and the Lives of American Infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines American baby books from the late nineteenth through the twentieth century. Baby books are ephemeral publications—formatted with one or more printed pages for recording developmental, health, and social information about infants and often including personal observations, artifacts such as photographs or palm prints, medical and other prescriptive advice, and advertisements. For historians they serve as records of

Janet Golden; Lynn Weiner

2011-01-01

499

Guidelines for Library Services to Babies and Toddlers. IFLA Professional Reports, No. 100  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Guidelines are focused on the library services to babies and toddlers, their families and supporting organizations dealing with early literacy and appropriate services for the very young. Early brain development research has shown the unequivocal impact that talking, singing and reading to babies and toddlers can have on their acquisition of…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

500

The Major Impacts of the Baby Boom upon American Life, 1945-2050.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The demographic context of the baby boom in the United States (1946-1964) as well as past and future impacts of this population increase are considered in this review of research. During the 18-year period, over 76,000,000 babies were born, more than the entire population of the United States in 1900. Reasons for the increase are attributed to…

Vaughan, Jerry L.