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1

Diapering Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... sensitive skin) or a clean washcloth or diaper wipes diaper ointment or petroleum jelly (for preventing and ... Using the wet washcloth, cotton balls, or baby wipes, gently wipe your baby clean from the front ...

2

Safety evaluation of superabsorbent baby diapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superabsorbent disposable baby diapers are sophisticated, well-engineered products that provide many benefits including convenience, comfort, exceptional leakage protection, improved hygiene and skin care benefits compared with cloth diapers. Safety assurance is an integral part of the diaper development process at Procter & Gamble, with the goal of ensuring safety for both caregivers and babies. A systematic, stepwise approach to safety

Kirstin Kosemund; Harald Schlatter; Jennifer L. Ochsenhirt; Edburga L. Krause; Daniel S. Marsman; Geetha N. Erasala

2009-01-01

3

Safety evaluation of superabsorbent baby diapers.  

PubMed

Superabsorbent disposable baby diapers are sophisticated, well-engineered products that provide many benefits including convenience, comfort, exceptional leakage protection, improved hygiene and skin care benefits compared with cloth diapers. Safety assurance is an integral part of the diaper development process at Procter & Gamble, with the goal of ensuring safety for both caregivers and babies. A systematic, stepwise approach to safety assessment starts with a thorough evaluation of new design features and materials, using the principles of general risk assessment including, as appropriate, controlled trials to assess clinical endpoints or independent scientific review of safety data. The majority of the diaper materials are polymers that are safe and do not have inherent toxicity issues. Trace amounts of non-polymeric materials, such as colorants, are assessed based on their skin contact potential. New materials or design features are introduced in marketed products only if they have been shown to be safe under the conditions of recommended or foreseeable use. The product safety continues to be confirmed after launch by means of in-market monitoring. This article provides a broad overview of human safety exposure-based risk assessment used at Procter & Gamble for absorbent hygiene products. PMID:18992296

Kosemund, Kirstin; Schlatter, Harald; Ochsenhirt, Jennifer L; Krause, Edburga L; Marsman, Daniel S; Erasala, Geetha N

2009-03-01

4

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... by some brands of disposable diapers or baby wipes. Plastic pants that fit over diapers raise the ... completely before putting on another diaper. Avoid baby wipes and soaps that are scented. The alcohol or ...

5

Using 'Decision-Making Tools' for Business Investments: Feasibility Analysis for Baby Diaper Production - A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feasibility study is used to determine the probable success of a new business. Feasibility studies save money and ensure that available funds go further. Some of the most common tools of 'decision making' have been employed and a feasibility analysis for 'baby diaper production' is carried out in this study. SWOT analysis to baby diaper market segment, business portfolio

Türkay Dereli

2009-01-01

6

Adult baby/diaper lovers: an exploratory study of an online community sample.  

PubMed

This internet-based study provided descriptive information and exploratory analyses on 1,795 male and 139 female members of the Adult Baby/Diaper Lover (ABDL) community. Based on prior research, some research questions focused on the degree to which ABDL behavior was associated with negative mood states, parental relationships, and attachment style. Based on clinical experience, a second research question focused on discerning two possible subgroups within the ABDL community: persons focused on role play behavior and persons who were primarily interested in sexual arousal in their ABDL behavior. The results showed modest support for the former research questions, but notable support for the last research question. Because of some overlap between the two hypothesized subgroups, additional subgroups may exist. Males in the ABDL community identified their ABDL interests earlier than females and these males may be more focused on sexual aspects of ABDL practices. Both males and females perceived being dominated as important in their ABDL behavior. Most participants were comfortable with their ABDL behavior and reported few problems. ABDL behavior may represent a sexual subculture that is not problematic for most of its participants. PMID:24473941

Hawkinson, Kaitlyn; Zamboni, Brian D

2014-07-01

7

Diaper rash  

MedlinePLUS

Dermatitis - diaper and Candida; Candida-associated diaper dermatitis; Diaper dermatitis ... caused by infection with a yeast (fungus) called Candida are very common in children. Candida grows best ...

8

Diaper area and disposable diapers.  

PubMed

Since the 1960s, cloth diapers have been replaced by disposable diapers. The evolution of healthier skin in the diaper area has been demonstrated in parallel to that of disposable diapers. The improvements of disposable diapers--fit, dryness, comfort--have been based on the understanding of factors playing a role in the development of diaper dermatitis. PMID:21325842

Erasala, G N; Romain, C; Merlay, I

2011-01-01

9

Idea Bank: In disposable Diapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To enhance and develop technical, science process, and critical thinking skills, the following activity provides students with the opportunity to determine the water-holding capacity of disposable diapers. In addition, they are encouraged to be scientists by preparing an organized procedure for the baby diaper investigation.

Barry, Dana M.; Barry, James F.

2004-02-01

10

Diaper Dermatitis (Candidiasis)  

MedlinePLUS

... are often found in the diaper region. Overview Candida albicans is a type of fungus normally found in the digestive (gastrointestinal) tract. If your baby is wearing a moist or ... dermatitis, and candida infection in the mouth (oral thrush) may also ...

11

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... diaper rash that does not improve with self-care measures, is getting worse, or involves the skin creases or any area that is not covered by the diaper. Treatments Your Physician May Prescribe The doctor may suggest the following: Mild topical corticosteroids to treat inflamed areas of skin. Be ...

12

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... routine, might be caused by a yeast called Candida albicans (a type of fungus). This form of ... killing off the "good" bacteria that keep the Candida from growing. Preventing Diaper Rash The best way ...

13

Colostrum: Your Baby's First Meal  

MedlinePLUS

... Baby: 0-12 mos. Bathing & Skin Care Breastfeeding Crying & Colic Diapers & Clothing Feeding & Nutrition Preemie Sleep Teething & ... Ages & Stages Prenatal Baby Bathing & Skin Care Breastfeeding Crying & Colic Diapers & Clothing Feeding & Nutrition Preemie Sleep Teething & ...

14

DIAPER INDUSTRY WORKSHOP REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. our topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. he primary objective of the workshop was to id...

15

Prevention of Diaper Dermatitis in Infants-a Literature Review.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common skin conditions in neonates and infants, with a peak between the ages of 9 and 12 months. Appropriate skin care practices that support skin barrier function and protect the buttocks skin from urine and feces are supposed to be effective in the prevention of DD. Despite many recommendations for parents and caregivers on proper diaper skin care, there is no up-to-date synthesis of the available evidence to develop recommendations for DD prevention practice. Therefore we performed a systematic literature review on the efficacy of nonmedical skin care practices on the diapered area of healthy, full-term infants ages 0 to 24 months. We identified 13 studies covering skin care practices such as cleansing, bathing, and application of topical products. DD prevalence and incidence and physiologic skin parameters were used as efficacy parameters. The results of this review indicate that cleansing of the diaper area using baby wipes or water and a washcloth have comparable effects on diapered skin. Bathing with a liquid baby cleanser twice weekly seems comparable with water alone. The application of ointments containing zinc oxide or petrolatum with or without vitamin A seems to have comparable effects on DD severity. There seems to be no information on whether single skin care practices such as cleansing, bathing, and application of topical preparations can prevent DD. High-quality randomized clinical trials are needed to show the effectiveness of skin care practices for controlling and preventing DD. PMID:24890321

Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike; Hauser, Matthias; Lünnemann, Lena; Stamatas, Georgios N; Kottner, Jan; Garcia Bartels, Natalie

2014-07-01

16

Disposable diapers : A hygienic alternative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of disposable diapers has offered improved health care benefits. Urine and fecal matter leakage from the cloth nappies\\u000a and the hand —to —mouth behavior in infants leads to many illnesses with a feco-oral mode of transmission. Also, the tender\\u000a skin of the infant is more prone to nappy rash. The modern age disposable diapers, when compared to cloth

Maithili Kamat; Ram Malkani

2003-01-01

17

Go Naked: Diapers Affect Infant Walking  

PubMed Central

In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants’ poor balance and wide stance. We show that walking is adversely affected by old-fashioned cloth diapers, and that even modern disposable diapers—habitually worn by most infants in the sample—incur a cost relative to walking naked. Infants displayed less mature gait patterns and more missteps and falls while wearing diapers. Thus, infants’ own diapers constitute an on-going biomechanical perturbation while learning to walk. Furthermore, shifts in diapering practices may have contributed to historical and cross-cultural differences in infant walking.

Cole, Whitney G.; Lingeman, Jesse M.; Adolph, Karen E.

2013-01-01

18

Go Naked: Diapers Affect Infant Walking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants' poor balance and wide stance. We show that…

Cole, Whitney G.; Lingeman, Jesse M.; Adolph, Karen E.

2012-01-01

19

Do Baby Wet Wipes Change Periurethral Aerobic Flora?  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY: There is massive enteric bacterial colonization in the periurethral region during infancy. Fecal soiling is considered to be responsible for this colonization. We hypothesized that baby wet wipes containing chemical cleansing compounds, which are used for the cleaning of babies after diaper soiling, could be a contribut- ing factor in this colonization. Thus, the effect on periurethral flora of

Dursun A. Senses; C. Elif Öztürk; Nese Ersöz Yar; Selda Acar; Talat Bahçebas; Kenan Kocabay; Demet Kaya

20

Autosensitisation (Autoeczematisation) reactions in a case of diaper dermatitis candidiasis  

PubMed Central

Diaper dermatitis is the most common cutaneous diagnosis in infants. Most cases are associated with the yeast colonisation of Candida or diaper dermatitis candidiasis (DDC). It is an irritating and inflammatory acute dermatitis in the perineal and perianal areas resulting from the occlusion and irritation caused by diapers. Autoeczematization to a distant focus of dermatophyte infection very rarely presents as DDC. We present a 1-month-old boy with lesion on diaper area (gluteal area, perineum, groin and genitalia) and with clusters of pustules and vesicles on a large erythematous base over the dorsal area of both hands.

Chirac, Anca; Brzezinski, Piotr; Chiriac, Anca E; Foia, Liliana; Pinteala, Tudor

2014-01-01

21

Determination of the solids retainment effectiveness of disposable swim diapers.  

PubMed

In light of recent and increasing incidences of pathogenic E. coli outbreaks at public bathing facilities attributable to non-toilet-trained infants and toddlers, many such facilities are restricting water contact for this age group. A number of manufacturers are now offering disposable "swim diapers," which claim to effectively retain fecal material under typical pool play conditions. The study reported here examined the solids retention effectiveness of three major brands of swim diapers as well as of conventional disposable diapers, under simulated water play conditions. Swim diapers of all three brands exhibited an approximately equal fine-solids retention capability of about 98 to 99 percent over 30 minutes of water immersion activity. Conventional disposable diapers invariably fell down or came apart during the experiments, resulting in very limited solids retention. This study indicates that commercially available swim diapers represent a vast improvement in reducing the potential for fecal material release in public pool facilities, but that some release will still generally occur with these products. PMID:15216564

Maas, Richard P; Patch, Steven C; Berkowitz, Jacob F; Johnson, Holly D

2004-06-01

22

Characterization of the pyrolytic solid derived from used disposable diapers.  

PubMed

This paper confirms through physical and chemical analyses the possibility to reuse the solid pyrolytic residue derived from used disposable diapers (UDD), heated at different temperatures ranging from 500, 700 and 900 degrees C as a soil amendment. With an increasing pyrolytic temperature, the pH, electrical conductivity, available P2O5, exchangeable K+ and cation exchange capacity tended to increase; however, total-N and exchangeable Ca2+ and Mg2+ decreased. The pyrolytic diaper solid produced at 500 degrees C had a high volatile matter (60.22%) and low ash content (19.10%), which can negatively affect crop growth and productivity when added to soil. Heavy metal concentrations were less than the maximum allowable limits according to Japan standards. The surface of the pyrolytic diaper solid was coarse, porous and heterogeneous with higher temperatures. Hydrogen-containing functional groups, such as OH, C-H, N-H and CH2, decreased with increasing pyrolytic temperature. Based on these results, we concluded that the pyrolytic product derived from UDD at higher temperatures offers a potentially effective soil amendment option. PMID:24617074

Oh, Taek-Keun; Shinogi, Yoshiyuki

2013-01-01

23

Changes in infant disposable diaper weights at selected intervals post-wetting.  

PubMed

Pediatric acute care nurses questioned the practice of weighing disposable infant diapers immediately after voiding. This study asked the research question, "Does volume of saline, diaper configuration, and/or size of diaper statistically effect changes in diaper weights over time?" The method was an experimental, laboratory model. Pre-set volumes of saline were added to disposable diapers that were then left folded or unfolded. Each diaper was weighed immediately post-wetting and re-weighed at hourly intervals for seven hours. Data were analyzed using a repeated measures analysis of variance (RMANOVA) with balanced data (F-test). Diaper weight changes over time were statistically significant for all time points and for all volumes regardless of diaper size; however, the changes in weight were small and without clinical significance. It is appropriate to weigh diapers at the end of eight hours without risk of altering subsequent fluid management of patients in open-air, non-humidified environments. This practice has led to more efficient use of nurses' time with fewer interruptions for patients and families. PMID:22970489

Carlisle, Joan; Moore, Amanda; Cooper, Alyssa; Henderson, Terri; Mayfield, Debbie; Taylor, Randa; Thomas, Jennifer; Van Fleet, Laduska; Askanazi, David; Fineberg, Naomi; Sun, Yanhui

2012-01-01

24

Alkaptonuria diagnosed in a 4-month-old baby girl: a case report  

PubMed Central

The mother of a four month old female baby attended in the well baby clinic with the complaint of black staining of the diaper after few minutes of urination. The baby was born of a non consanguineous marriage, healthy and breast fed. Mother noticed that stain first at the age of two and half month. The urine when kept in a test tube for two hours turned black. Laboratory examination of urine revealed increased concentration of homogentisic acid. The patient was diagnosed as alkaptonuria.

Datta, Asok K; Mandal, Syamali; Dasgupta, Anindya; Ghosh, Tarun K

2008-01-01

25

Alkaptonuria diagnosed in a 4-month-old baby girl: a case report.  

PubMed

The mother of a four month old female baby attended in the well baby clinic with the complaint of black staining of the diaper after few minutes of urination. The baby was born of a non consanguineous marriage, healthy and breast fed. Mother noticed that stain first at the age of two and half month. The urine when kept in a test tube for two hours turned black. Laboratory examination of urine revealed increased concentration of homogentisic acid. The patient was diagnosed as alkaptonuria. PMID:19014543

Datta, Asok K; Mandal, Syamali; Dasgupta, Anindya; Ghosh, Tarun K

2008-01-01

26

EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT TO DIOXINS FROM THE USE OF TAMPONS AND DIAPERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Exposure Assessment to Dioxins from the Use of Tampons and Diapers Michael J. DeVito and Arnold Schecter Abstract Methods: Four brands of tampons and four brands of infant diapers were analyzed for dioxin concentrations. Exposures to dioxins were modeled using parti...

27

Urine Culture Collected from Gel-Based Diapers: Developing a Novel Experimental Laboratory Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Urinary tract infection diagnosis is based on urine culture, taken from a midstream collection. Obtaining samples in this manner is difficult in elderly patients suffering from incontinence and in infants. Objectives: (1) Develop a method for urine collection using gel-based diapers and (2) compare cul- ture results from gel-based diapers with those of the same urine, examined by accepted

Pesach Shvartzman; Yussuf Nasri

28

Breastfeeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

How does breastfeeding benefit my baby? Breastfeeding benefits your baby in the following ways: • Breast milk provides the perfect mix of ... health problems that preterm babies face. How does breastfeeding my baby benefit me? Breastfeeding is good for ...

29

Baby Weight  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson students use a rule of thumb about the weight of babies to practice doubling and halving numbers. They complete an organized table and compare data using vertical and horizontal double bar graphs. The lesson includes a student activity sheet and extension ideas.

Cook, Marcy

2008-01-01

30

Comparison of the effect of human milk and topical hydrocortisone 1% on diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin problems in infants and children, affecting between 7% and 35% of infants. This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of hydrocortisone 1% ointment with that of human breast milk in treating acute diaper dermatitis in infants ages 0 to 24 months. Infants with diaper rash were treated with either hydrocortisone 1% ointment (n = 70) or human breast milk (n = 71) for 7 days. Improvement in the rash from baseline was seen in both treatment groups on days 3 and 7; there was no significant difference in total rash scores on days 3 and 7. Treatment with human breast milk was as effective as hydrocortisone 1% ointment alone. Human breast milk is an effective and safe treatment for diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:23600719

Farahani, Leila Amiri; Ghobadzadeh, Maryam; Yousefi, Parsa

2013-01-01

31

EVALUATION OF DISPOSABLE DIAPERS FOR QUANTATIVE MEASUREMENTS OF PESTICIDE METABOLITES AND CREATININE IN URINE SAMPLES  

EPA Science Inventory

This project consisted of a laboratory study to evaluate an extraction and analysis method for quantifying biomarkers of pesticide exposure and creatinine in urine samples collected with commercially-available disposable diapers. For large exposure studies, such as the National ...

32

Diaper Type as a Risk Factor in Urinary Tract Infection of Children  

PubMed Central

Objective Urinary tract is one of the most common sources of infection in children under the age of two years. Many known and unknown risk factors predispose to this important disease in children. This study was conducted to determine whether using a specific type of diaper plays a role in urinary tract infection (UTI) in girls under the age of 2 years. Methods This case control study was performed in hospitalized children; girls with their first urinary tract infection were selected as cases, and those admitted for other reasons comprised the control group. Two groups were matched for age (±1 month), and other known risk factors for UTI. Type of diapers (superabsorbent, standard disposable and washable cotton), used for these children during six months, from October 2007 to March 2008, were compared in both groups. Findings 59 matched pair infant girls less than 2 years were selected. It was revealed that in cases with UTI superabsorbent diapers were used more frequently than in controls (Odds ratio=3.29, P-value=0.005) There were no significant differences in other factors like number of diapers used per day, the time between defecation and diaper change, mothers’ educational level, level of family income and mother's occupation. Conclusion The use of superabsorbent diapers could be a risk factor for urinary tract infection in infant girls.

Fahimzad, Alireza; Taherian, Masoomeh; Dalirani, Reza; Shamshiri, Ahmadreza

2010-01-01

33

Improving diaper design to address incontinence associated dermatitis  

PubMed Central

Background Incontinence associated dermatitis (IAD) is an inflammatory skin disease mainly triggered by prolonged skin contact with urine, feces but also liberal detergent use when cleansing the skin. To minimize the epidermal barrier challenge we optimized the design of adult incontinence briefs. In the fluid absorption area we interposed a special type of acidic, curled-type of cellulose between the top sheet in contact with the skin and the absorption core beneath containing the polyacrylate superabsorber. The intention was to minimize disturbance of the already weak acid mantle of aged skin. We also employed air-permeable side panels to minimize skin occlusion and swelling of the stratum corneum. Methods The surface pH of diapers was measured after repeated wetting with a urine substitute fluid at the level of the top sheet. Occlusive effects and hydration of the stratum corneum were measured after a 4 hour application of different side panel materials by corneometry on human volunteers. Finally, we evaluated skin symptoms in 12 patients with preexisting IAD for 21 days following the institutional switch to the optimized diaper design. Local skin care protocols remained in place unchanged. Results The improved design created a surface pH of 4.6 which was stable even after repeated wetting throughout a 5 hour period. The "standard design" briefs had values of 7.1, which is alkaline compared to the acidic surface of normal skin. Side panels made from non-woven material with an air-permeability of more than 1200 l/m2/s avoided excessive hydration of the stratum corneum when compared to the commonly employed air-impermeable plastic films. Resolution of pre-existing IAD skin lesions was noted in 8 out of 12 patients after the switch to the optimized brief design. Conclusions An improved design of adult-type briefs can create an acidic pH on the surface and breathable side panels avoid over-hydration of the stratum corneum and occlusion. This may support the epidermal barrier function and may help to reduce the occurrence of IAD.

2010-01-01

34

Sand Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math lesson, learners explore and investigate measurement using standard and non-standard units. First, learners round their birth weight to the nearest pound and construct a bar graph displaying the weights of the entire group. Next, learners measure and place enough sand into a plastic bag to equal their birth weight. With construction paper, crayons and markers, they draw a head, arms, and legs and turn the bags into sand babies. At centers, learners also investigate other types of measurements using non-standard plastic links to measure parts of their body and square tiles to measure the area of a footprint.

Pbs

2012-01-01

35

Re-emergence of papulonodular napkin dermatitis with use of reusable diapers: report of 5 cases.  

PubMed

The use of reusable diapers, often made of cotton and bamboo material, is becoming more widespread in France--with the "eco" fashion, as they are considered more natural, ecologic and economic. We report 5 cases of papulonodular lesions in convex skin areas associated with the use of these diapers in infants. One case was typical Sevestre and Jacquet erosive dermatitis. The 4 others presented skin-coloured umbilicated papules or nodules with slight or no erythema and could be considered early-stage Sevestre and Jacquet erosive dermatitis, granuloma gluteale (1 case) or pseudo-verrucous papules. These 3 diagnoses probably belong to the same disease spectrum, proposed as "irritant napkin papulonodules". Napkin lesions occurred subsequent to 1) in all cases, use of reusable diapers, which are probably less absorbent than disposable diapers; 2) in 2 cases, insufficient food, which was responsible for lack of weight gain and delayed healing; and 3) in 1 case, diarrhea, which worsened the moisture. We alert physicians to possible papulonodular napkin dermatitis in infants wearing reusable diapers. PMID:23557992

Maruani, Annabel; Lorette, Gérard; Barbarot, Sébastien; Potier, Alexandra; Bessis, Didier; Hasselmann, Caroline; Mazereeuw-Hautier, Juliette

2013-04-01

36

No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a…

Schiller, Ellen; Yezierski, Ellen

2009-01-01

37

Expressing urine from a gel disposable diaper for biomonitoring using phthalates as an example.  

PubMed

The urinary metabolites of phthalates are well-accepted exposure biomarkers for adults and children older than 6 years but are not commonly used for infants owing to non-convenient sampling. In the light of this situation, a novel sampling method based on monitoring the urine expressed from the gel diaper was developed. The urine was expressed from the gel absorbent after mixing the absorbent with CaCl(2) and then collected by a laboratory-made device; the urinary phthalate metabolites were extracted and cleaned using a solid-phase extraction (SPE) column and analyzed with high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry / mass spectrometry. To evaluate the method's feasibility, the following factors were investigated: the proportion of CaCl(2) to gel absorbent, the urination volume variation and the target compounds' deposition bias in the diaper, the matrix blank of the different diaper brands, the storage stabilities and the recoveries of creatinine and phthalate metabolites in the expressed urine. Mono-methyl phthalate, mono-ethyl phthalate, mono-butyl phthalate, mono-benzyl phthalate, mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate and mono-2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl phthalate were involved. 70-80% of the urine can be expressed from the diaper, and the expressed spiking recoveries and the limit of detection of mono-phthalates ranged from 88.5-115% and 0.21-0.50?ng/ml. The method was applied to measure phthalate metabolites in 65 gel diaper samples from 15 infants, and the pilot data suggests the infants are commonly exposed to phthalates. In summary, the method for monitoring of infant exposure to phthalates is sound and validated, and the potential health effects from the vulnerable infants' exposure to phthalates should be concerned. PMID:22643239

Liu, Liangpo; Xia, Tongwei; Guo, Lihua; Cao, Lanyu; Zhao, Benhua; Zhang, Jie; Dong, Sijun; Shen, Heqing

2012-11-01

38

Your Colicky Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... of swallowing too much air while crying. Some theories suggest that colic occurs when food moves too ... baby's digestive system or is incompletely digested. Other theories are that colic is due to a baby's ...

39

Finger Foods for Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... baby probably will love the taste of cookies, cake, and other sweets, but do not introduce them ... to rush your baby into trying triple-chocolate cake or some other family favorite. Politely and firmly ...

40

Shaken baby symptoms (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Shaken baby syndrome is a severe form of head injury caused by the baby's brain rebounding inside of the baby's skull when shaken. In this injury there is bruising of the brain, swelling, pressure, and bleeding (intracerebral hemorrhage). This can easily ...

41

The New Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for beginning readers tells the story of a South African priest and his wife who are ashamed when their daughter tells them she is going to have a baby. They refuse to have anything to do with her when she is pregnant. However, when the baby comes, everything changes and they come to accept and love the baby. Large black and white…

Brain, Helen

42

Use of hydrophilic polymers from diapers to aid the establishment of Spergularia purpurea in a mine soil.  

PubMed

We used hydrophilic polymers from diapers to aid the establishment of an indigenous plant (Spergularia purpurea (Persoon) G. Don fil.) in a soil from a pyrite mine. Lysimeters were filled with the mine soil with no amendment (control), with a polyacrylate polymer, with a polymer removed from diapers, and with shredded diapers. The establishment of a plant cover was faster in soil amended with polymer from diapers, and 85 days after sowing the soil was completely covered in all treatments except control. The concentrations of trace elements in plant shoots decreased in amended soil. The activities of soil acid phosphatase, beta-glucosidase, protease and cellulase were greatest in soil amended with the polyacrylate polymer or with polymer removed from diapers, while the application of shredded diapers leads to values that were in general intermediate between these treatments and unamended control. Basal- and substrate-induced respirations, and dehydrogenase were greatest in soil amended with polymers, but the presence of a plastic film and fibrous materials from shredded diapers prevented any improvement in these parameters compared with unamended soil. In the second experiment, we evaluated the risk of downward movement of polymers in columns of a sandy soil. Polymer from diapers, with or without Cu, was placed at a 10 cm-depth. Five leaching cycles with artificial rain took place and leachates were analyzed for organic matter and Cu. At the end of the experiment, the soil columns were sliced and each layer was analyzed separately. Some repacking of soil and polymer particles took place, but there was no indication that polymers moved to any great depth in soil columns. PMID:20207477

Qu, G; de Varennes, A

2010-06-15

43

No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a super-absorbent polymer exposed to water and simulated urine (colored salt water), students practice many inquiry skills: observation, measurement, graphing, and data analysis.

Schiller, Ellen; Yezierski, Ellen

2009-10-01

44

Biomonitoring of infant exposure to phenolic endocrine disruptors using urine expressed from disposable gel diapers.  

PubMed

Infant exposure to endocrine disruptors (EDs) may cause adverse health effects because of their fast growth and development during this life stage. However, collecting urine from infants for exposure assessment using biological monitoring is not an easy task. For this purpose, we evaluated the feasibility of using urine expressed from disposable gel absorbent diapers (GADs) as a matrix for biomonitoring selected phenolic EDs. GADs urine was expressed with the assistance of CaCl2 and was collected using a device fabricated in our laboratory. The analytes were extracted and concentrated using a liquid-liquid method and their hydroxyl groups were modified by dansyl chloride to enhance their chromatography and detection. Finally, the analytes were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The target chemicals were bisphenol A, triclosan, 17 ?-ethynylestradiol, the natural hormone estrone, and 17 ?-estradiol. The ratio of the CaCl2 to the urine-wetted gel absorbent, variation of the inter-urination volume, and analyte deposition bias in the diaper were assessed. Analyte blank values in the diapers, the sample storage stabilities, and recoveries of the analytes were also evaluated. The results showed that 70-80 % of the urine could be expressed from the diaper with the assistance of CaCl2 and 70.5-124 % of the spiked analytes can be recovered in the expressed urine. The limits of detections (LODs) were 0.02-0.27 ng/mL, well within the range for detection in human populations. Our pilot data suggest that infants are widely exposed to the selected EDs. PMID:24924209

Liu, Liangpo; Xia, Tongwei; Zhang, Xueqin; Barr, Dana Boyd; Alamdar, Ambreen; Zhang, Jie; Tian, Meiping; Huang, Qingyu; Shen, Heqing

2014-08-01

45

Electrical Propulsion Machinery Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report covers the design analysis of electrical propulsion machinery suitable for naval propulsion applications. The primary objectives of this study were to identify the technical problem areas in the machines analyzed, and to develop methods of solv...

C. J. Mole

1973-01-01

46

Trimming Your Baby's Nails  

MedlinePLUS

... Baby Nutrition & Fitness Emotions & Behavior School & Family Life First Aid & Safety Doctors & Hospitals Q&A Recipes En Español ... Newborn Laundering Your Baby's Clothes A Guide for First-Time Parents Growth and Your ... here About KidsHealth About Nemours Contact ...

47

Shaken Baby Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shaken Baby Syndrome is a serious form of child abuse, involving infants under the age of six months. Deliberately shaking an infant is often associated with frustration or anger, particularly when an infant will not stop crying. The shaking results in numerous initial and long-term consequences for the developing infant. In its most severe form Shaken Baby Syndrome results in

Shannon LaEace Macdonald; Christine A. Helfrich

2001-01-01

48

Shaken baby syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... angry. Do not hold your baby during an argument. If you find yourself becoming annoyed or angry with your baby, put him in the crib and leave the room. Try to calm down. Call someone for support. Call a friend or relative to come and stay with the ...

49

Birds, Bees and Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study designed to determine which particular aspects of pregnancy, birth, and babies were of most interest to 8-year-old children. Children were interested in details of a baby's behavior and development as well as the impact of its arrival on the parents. There were distinct gender differences in those topics, which particularly…

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

1997-01-01

50

Your Growing Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... responds to name 1st year: Crawls, says "mama" 2nd year: Walks, uses simple phrases Most common questions How do I know my baby is growing the way he should? During the first year of life, your baby will grow and develop at an ...

51

Comparison of Dexpanthenol and Zinc Oxide Ointment with Ointment Base in the Treatment of Irritant Diaper Dermatitis from Diarrhea: A Multicenter Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Severity of irritant diaper dermatitis (IDD) from diarrhea varies from patient to patient depend- ing on the nature of feces and the number of bowel movements. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of dexpanthenol and zinc oxide ointment with ointment base in the treatment of irritant diaper dermatitis from acute diarrhea in children by

Siriwan Wananukul; Srisupalak Singalavanija; Wanee Wisuthsarewong

52

Agriculture Power and Machinery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist vocational agriculture teachers who are teaching secondary- or postsecondary-level courses in agricultural power and machinery. The materials presented are based on the Arizona validated occupational competencies and tasks for the following occupations: service manager, shop foreman, service technician, and tractor…

Rogers, Tom

53

Textile Machinery for Egypt.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The survey examines the domestic textile production and forecasts the imports of spinning and weaving machinery up to 1977. The total investment in the replacement, new, and extensions to be carried out comes to the total of U.S. $185.7 million. 63.7 mill...

1974-01-01

54

Agriculture Education. Farm Machinery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed for group instruction of secondary agricultural education students enrolled in one or two semester-long courses in farm machinery. The guide presents units of study in the following areas: (1) small gas engines, (2) job opportunities, (3) tractors, (4) engines, (5) hydraulics, (6) electrical system, (7) combine…

Stuttgart Public Schools, AR.

55

Can Baby Hear?  

MedlinePLUS

... Current Issue Past Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Can Baby Hear? Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table ... to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). Prior to this, the average age ...

56

Your Baby's First Year  

MedlinePLUS

... the response to sound in the middle ear cavity. Another type of screening measures the response of ... Because milk left on the teeth can cause cavities it is very important that your baby not ...

57

Feeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... to Order Bottles Feeding FAQs Bottle Adaptations Movie Credits Terms & Conditions Feeding Your Baby Booklet Parents and ... Help Send us Feedback Terms and Conditions | Movie Credits Click here for the booklet version of our ...

58

Shaken Baby Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history, epidemiology, biomechanics, diagnosis, treatment, outcomes, long-term management, and prevention of shaken baby syndrome. It presents medical-legal issues as well as a discussion of programs aimed at prevention of physical abuse. (Author/DB)

Alexander, Randell C.; Smith, Wilbur L.

1998-01-01

59

Instability in Rotating Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proceedings contain 45 papers on a wide range of subjects including flow generated instabilities in fluid flow machines, cracked shaft detection, case histories of instability phenomena in compressors, turbines, and pumps, vibration control in turbomachinery (including antiswirl techniques), and the simulation and estimation of destabilizing forces in rotating machines. The symposium was held to serve as an update on the understanding and control of rotating machinery instability problems.

1985-01-01

60

When Babies Scream: Why Babies Scream and What to Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a baby screams, that is a signal that all is not well for the body of the baby, for her emotional well-being, and/or for the baby's relationship with the teacher. During the first year of life, infants learn that adults are in control of providing reassuring care. Adults will "make things better" when a baby's tummy feels horribly empty, when…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

61

Dinosaur Eggs and Babies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last couple of decades the study of dinosaur eggs and babies has proved to be one of the most exciting and profitable areas of dinosaur research. This is the first book solely devoted to this topic and reviews, in scientific detail, our present state of knowledge about this exciting area of palaeontology. Chapters in the book discuss all aspects of the science including the occurrence of eggs, nests and baby skeletons, descriptive osteology of juvenile skeletons, comparative histology of juvenile bone, analyses of eggs and egg shells, palaeoenvironments of nesting sites, nesting behaviour and developmental growth of baby dinosaurs. The volume will be an invaluable addition to the book collections of vertebrate palaeontologists and their graduate students.

Carpenter, Kenneth; Hirsch, Karl F.; Horner, John R.

1996-01-01

62

Save Babies through Screening Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

Welcome to Save Babies Through Screening Foundation. The only non-profit organization that advocates for comprehensive newborn screening. Explore and learn—it could save a baby's life! Pregnant Families ...

63

Positioning your baby for breastfeeding  

MedlinePLUS

... Adjust your baby’s position if you need to. FOOTBALL HOLD Use the football hold if you had a C-section. This ... large breasts or flat nipples also like the football hold. Hold your baby like a football. Tuck ...

64

Keeping Baby Boomers Volunteering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Baby Boomers the generation of 77 million Americans born between 1946 and 1964 represent a potential boom to the volunteer world. Based on U.S. Census data, the numbers of volunteers age 65 and older will increase 50 percent over the next 13 years, from j...

2007-01-01

65

Baby universe theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We give an elementary review of the so called 'the theory of baby universes' which is a series of ideas or speculations about some effects in quantum gravity, viz. the effect of a certain type of wormholes, representing the exchange of small 3-space unive...

H. B. Nielsen M. Ninomiya

1989-01-01

66

For Babies to Flourish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ideas for fine tuning the awareness and responsive interactions of teachers of infants and toddlers are offered. The ideas, which are supported by theory, research, and clinical experience, focus on the importance of: (1) tender, careful holding of babies; (2) prompt and accurate interpretation of the signals of distress; (3) development of keen…

Honig, Alice Sterling

67

When a Baby Dies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written especially for grieving mothers whose babies have died, this booklet offers an overview of stages and experiences through which bereaved parents commonly pass. Specifically, the text is intended to give comfort to bereaved parents, offer insight into the grieving process, and provide thoughts on leave-taking ceremonies. The first section…

Church, Martha Jo; And Others

68

No Baby Left behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"No Baby Left Behind" was created to have an impact on the school readiness of children in the community today and in the future. Each year, there are an increasing number of students who have learning difficulties. Many of these problems are preventable. Accidents, poor nutrition (of the mother and/or child), drug use, alcohol use, and lack of…

Blanton, Dorothy

2007-01-01

69

Retrospective exposure data for baby and children care products: an analysis of 48 clinical studies.  

PubMed

To conduct a reliable safety assessment, accurate exposure information for cosmetic products and ingredients is needed. The aim of the present retrospective study was to determine the amount per application and the daily exposure for some of the most commonly used baby cosmetic products. Consumption data from 48 clinical studies performed on 1481 babies and children (from 0 to 10 years old) were reviewed and used to conduct a probabilistic evaluation of dermal exposure. Six categories of products were reviewed: rinseoff products for hair and body; rinse-off products for the whole body; leave-on products for face and body; cleansers for face and body; diaper dermatitis treatment products; shampoos. Subjects were provided with products and recorded detailed daily usage information over a 1-4-week period, depending on the study. Products were weighed at the start and upon completion of each study in order to determine the total amount of product used. The mean, median, standard deviation and 95th percentile were calculated for daily consumption and exposure, for several age groups from 0 to 10 years old. This study provides current baby cosmetic exposure information for commonly used products which will be useful for risk assessment purposes. PMID:23562927

Gomez-Berrada, Marie-Pierre; Gautier, Florian; Parent-Massin, Dominique; Ferret, Pierre-Jacques

2013-07-01

70

Hand-Washing and Diapering Equipment Reduces Disease Among Children in Out-of-Home Child Care Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE.The objective of this study was to determine,whether,the installation of equipment for diaper-changing, hand-washing, and food preparation that is spe- cifically designed to reduce the transmission of infectious agents would,result in a decrease in the rate of diarrheal illness among,children and their teachers in child care centers. METHODS.Twenty-three pairs of child care centers were,matched,on size and star-

Jonathan B. Kotch; Patricia Isbell; David J. Weber; Viet Nguyen; Eric Savage; Elizabeth Gunn; Martie Skinner; Stephen Fowlkes; Jasveer Virk; Jonnell Allen

71

Generalized Theory of Electrical Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the following pages electrical machinery is analyzed from a new point of view. Analytical quantities like magnetizing current, armature reaction, leakage flux, transient reactance are not introduced; only such quantities are used as actually exist in the machine at one particular load. Thereby the theory of electrical machinery is expressed in terms of the minimum possible number of quantities.

Gabriel Kron

1930-01-01

72

Shaken-baby-Syndrom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Das Shaken-baby-Syndrom (SBS) oder Schütteltrauma des Säuglings beschreibt die Koinzidenz subduraler Hämatome, retinaler Blutungen\\u000a und prognostisch ungünstiger, diffuser Hirnschäden durch heftiges Schütteln eines Säuglings. Die klinischen Symptome umfassen\\u000a Irritabilität, Trinkschwierigkeiten, Somnolenz, Apathie, zerebrale Krampfanfälle, Apnoe, Temperaturregulationsstörungen und\\u000a Erbrechen durch Hirndruck. Leichtere Symptome des SBS werden häufig nicht diagnostiziert, die Dunkelziffer ist wahrscheinlich\\u000a viel höher. Die Diagnose des SBS wird durch

W. Reith; T. Rohrer; F. Ahlhelm; P. Papanagiotou

2009-01-01

73

Shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 35-day-old male infant with presumed shaken baby syndrome is reported. This first born child to mother educated upto middle\\u000a school and father tailor by occupation was brought from a remote village 180 kms away from JIPMER. Poor feeding, focal clonic\\u000a seizures were the initial symptoms. The fundus examination revealed fresh preretinal and vitreous hemorrhages. CT Brain showed\\u000a right sided

T. Arun Babu; C. Venkatesh; S. Mahadevan

2009-01-01

74

Having Healthy Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Inside: Having Healthy BabiesThis booklet summarizes what health professionals know about healthy babies and mothers. It shows women how to avoid or reduce the health risks of pregnancy, provides information about the development of healthy infants and toddlers, and outlines the steps of pregnancy from conception to labor and delivery to postnatal care. Having Healthy Babies directs readers to more sources of information and to the latest scientific research.The Science Inside e-book series is intended to be a bridge between the consumer health brochure and the scientific paper, the booklets in this series focus on the science that is inside of, or behind, the disease its cause, its possible cure, its treatment, promising research, and so on. These booklets are designed to appeal to people who have not had the opportunity to study the science and to understand why they may have been given some of the advice that they have been given through some of the more consumer-oriented materials.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science;)

2003-01-01

75

MACHINERY RESONANCE AND DRILLING  

SciTech Connect

New developments in vibration analysis better explain machinery resonance, through an example of drill bit chattering during machining of rusted steel. The vibration of an operating drill motor was measured, the natural frequency of an attached spring was measured, and the two frequencies were compared to show that the system was resonant. For resonance to occur, one of the natural frequencies of a structural component must be excited by a cyclic force of the same frequency. In this case, the frequency of drill bit chattering due to motor rotation equaled the spring frequency (cycles per second), and the system was unstable. A soft rust coating on the steel to be drilled permitted chattering to start at the drill bit tip, and the bit oscillated on and off of the surface, which increased the wear rate of the drill bit. This resonant condition is typically referred to as a motor critical speed. The analysis presented here quantifies the vibration associated with this particular critical speed problem, using novel techniques to describe resonance.

Leishear, R.; Fowley, M.

2010-01-23

76

Improving Cooperative Farm Machinery Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides an analysis of six operating cooperatives handling farm machinery, to determine how these cooperatives can improve operations. The analysis covers sales, service, facility use, as well as capital needed and management practices. Resul...

L. C. Biser

1978-01-01

77

Machinery Safety on the Farm  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Machinery Safety on the Farm is an online publication designed for Virginia Tech students and instructors that provides an overview of various aspects of maintaining safety in a farm setting. The document highlights common hazards in machinery, complete with diagrams and descriptions for each type; then delves into the various precautions necessary to avoid accidents involving the aforementioned problem areas. The article is available as the html page, or as an optional pdf at the bottom of the page.

Grisso, Robert

2006-12-31

78

Premature Babies and Adult Sleep Apnea  

MedlinePLUS

... corner of the player. Premature Babies and Adult Sleep Apnea HealthDay February 6, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Breathing Problems Premature Babies Sleep Apnea Transcript Researchers already know that premature babies ...

79

Baby Skyrmion strings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider two limiting cases of the 2+1 dimensional analog of the Skyrme model, where we show the existence of string-like solutions to the equations of motion. The model contains a conserved topological charge usually called the baryon number. Our strings are solitons which have a constant baryon number per unit length. In one limiting case, our configuration saturates a Bogomolnyi-type bound and is degenerate in energy per baryon with the baby Skyrmion which is the analog of the spherically symmetric Skyrmion soliton. Hence here the string is energetically stable. In the other limiting case these energies are still degenerate but neither saturates the corresponding Bogomolnyi-type bound. Here we find invariance under area preserving diffeomorphisms. Both cases are solvable analytically. For intermediate ranges of the parameters we provide numerical evidence of the existence of the string-like configurations in a region of the parameter space. We speculate that the string is classically stable here as the energy per length containing one baryon is less than the energy of an isolated baryon (radially symmetric “baby Skyrmion”).

Gisiger, T.; Paranjape, M. B.

1996-02-01

80

Getting Services for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... the NICU? Babies who've been in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) are often at higher risk of getting ... can I find help? Some babies leave the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) just fine while others may have developmental ...

81

Caring for Your Premature Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... soft mattresses may increase your baby's risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), which is the sudden and unexplained death of an baby who is younger than 1 year old (usually while the infant is asleep, which is why it is also ...

82

Shaken baby syndrome  

PubMed Central

Shaken baby syndrome is the most common cause of death or serious neurological injury resulting from child abuse. It is specific to infancy, when children have unique anatomic features. Subdural and retinal haemorrhages are markers of shaking injury. An American radiologist, John Caffey, coined the name whiplash shaken infant syndrome in 1974. It was, however, a British neurosurgeon, Guthkelch who first described shaking as the cause of subdural haemorrhage in infants. Impact was later thought to play a major part in the causation of brain damage. Recently improved neuropathology and imaging techniques have established the cause of brain injury as hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive and specific method of confirming a shaking injury. Families of children with subdural haemorrhages should be thoroughly investigated by social welfare agencies.

Blumenthal, I

2002-01-01

83

Can Pacifiers and Baby Bottles Ruin My Baby's Teeth?  

MedlinePLUS

... Baby's Teeth? Are Pacifiers a Problem? Early Childhood Tooth Decay: The Roles of the Bottle and Breastfeeding Long- ... water. This will increase your child's risk of tooth decay. Use positive reinforcement to encourage older children to ...

84

A Randomized Comparative Trial on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Topical Aloe vera and Calendula officinalis on Diaper Dermatitis in Children  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Diaper dermatitis (DD) is a common inflammatory disorder among children and infants. The objective of the present randomized and double-blind trial was to compare the therapeutic efficacies of Aloe vera cream and Calendula officinalis ointment on the frequency and severity of DD in children. Methods. Sixty-six infants with DD (aged < 3 years) were randomized to receive either Aloe cream (n = 32) or Calendula ointment (n = 34). Infants were treated with these drugs 3 times a day for 10 days. The severity of dermatitis was graded at baseline as well as at the end of trial using a 5-point scale. The adverse effects of study medications were assessed during the trial. Results. Although improvement in the severity of DD was observed in both treatment groups (P < 0.001), patients receiving Calendula ointment had significantly fewer rash sites compared to Aloe group (P = 0.001). No adverse effect was reported from either of the medications. Discussion. The evidence from this study suggests that topical Aloe and in particular Calendula could serve as safe and effective treatment for the treatment of diaper dermatitis in infants.

Panahi, Yunes; Sharif, Mohamad Reza; Sharif, Alireza; Beiraghdar, Fatemeh; Zahiri, Zahra; Amirchoopani, Golnoush; Marzony, Eisa Tahmasbpour; Sahebkar, Amirhossein

2012-01-01

85

Protecting Your Baby from RSV  

MedlinePLUS

... Prevent SIDS NICU Journal: A Parent's Journey Baby & Child Health Newborn Intensive Care, 3rd Edition El Primer Ano De Su ... Lungs Chronic Conditions Developmental Disabilities Ear Nose & Throat Emotional ...

86

Glaucoma Can Affect Babies, Too  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Glaucoma Can Affect Babies, Too In U.S., one in ... 2014) Wednesday, July 2, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Glaucoma Uncommon Infant and Newborn Problems WEDNESDAY, July 2, ...

87

Proliferative Retinopathy in Anencephalic Babies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A series of 73 eyes from anencephalic babies was examined histopathologically. In addition to the well-documented ocular findings in anencephaly, nine of these eyes (from six infants) showed various degrees of vascular proliferative changes of the retina ...

D. J. Addison R. L. Font W. A. Manschot

1972-01-01

88

Taking Care of a Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Science NetLinks lesson, students are introduced to the basics of how a baby grows inside its mother until its birth. They then consider and discuss the birthing process. Then students are led into the third part of the lesson, which focuses on the early years of infancy. They are prompted to think about the kinds of basic needs infants have and the critical role adults play in ensuring a baby's healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development.

Science Netlinks;

2003-06-02

89

Troubleshooting rotating machinery vibration problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vibration problems in rotating machinery are a major contributor of forced or unplanned maintenance outages in fossil fuel fired power plants. Many turbine blade failures, the leading cause of steam turbine outages for large fossil fuel plants in the United States, are caused by vibration-related fatigue stresses. Such failures cost utilities more than $235 million annually. However, conversion of large

McCloskey

1990-01-01

90

Simulation of Symmetrical Induction Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of an analog computer in studying the performance of induction machinery is demonstrated with computer results which show the dynamic behavior of 2-phase and 3-phase machines during balanced and unbalanced operation. The computer simulation for these various modes of operation is conveniently obtained from the equations which describe the symmetrical induction machine in an arbitrary reference frame. Of

P. C. Krause; C. H. Thomas

1965-01-01

91

Tractor & Machinery Safety. 1984 Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is intended for use in teaching an instructional unit in tractor and machinery safety that is geared toward college freshmen. Addressed in the individual lessons of the unit are the following topics: understanding the importance of safe and efficient tractor operation, understanding the characteristics of tractors, preparing…

Montana State Office of Public Instruction, Helena. Dept. of Vocational Education Services.

92

Safety-Critical Software in Machinery Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents some important factors related to safety-critical software in machinery. The following subjects are considered in the text, bearing in mind the subject: the role of safety-critical software in machinery, statistics of software faults,...

H. Virtanen J. Koskinen J. Rauhamaki J. Seppala M. Hietikko M. Katara M. Vuori T. Malm T. Vepsalainen

2011-01-01

93

Baby Solar System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol

2012-01-01

94

Designer babies--why not?  

PubMed

Though many objections can be levelled against the idea of the practice of genetic intervention to produce 'designer babies', upon examination they are shown to hinge on features which concern parental intentions towards their children, rather than features specific to the means involved. These intentions may be pursued by a variety of social practices which may, though need not, involve a measure of 'traditional' genetic selection (i.e. in terms of the identity and characteristics of the reproducing partners). This paper reviews a number of these objections and, by parity of reasoning, rejects their claim to count specifically or decisively against genetic intervention in pursuit of 'designer babies'. Rejecting these objections does not lead to the endorsement of 'designing babies, but it shows that any unease must be grounded elsewhere and defended by other arguments. PMID:15586985

Evans, M

2001-02-01

95

Should I have a baby?  

PubMed

Many questions arise when an HIV-infected woman wants to become pregnant. Twenty-five percent of infants born to HIV-positive mothers who are not using HIV medication become HIV-positive. The risk drops to around eight percent for HIV-positive mothers who are using AZT. Questions revolve around whether or not the woman should have a baby at this time and whether she is ready for parenthood. Additional questions concern decision making and readiness to possibly have an HIV-infected baby. Contact numbers for information about pregnancy and HIV are provided. PMID:11365397

1998-04-01

96

Protect Babies from Whooping Cough (Pertussis)  

MedlinePLUS

... this? Submit Button CDC Features Protect Babies from Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Language: English Español (Spanish) Babies need protection from ... according to CDC's recommended schedule . Pregnant Women Need Whooping Cough Vaccine If you are pregnant, talk with your ...

97

Crankier Babies May Get More TV Time  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Crankier Babies May Get More TV Time Study didn't look at type of programming ... demanding babies are likely to spend slightly more time plopped in front of a TV or computer ...

98

Overweight Moms May Have Dangerously Big Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... published in the April issue of the journal Obstetrics Gynecology . A large baby is one that is ... Shoulder dystocia is one of the most serious obstetric emergencies and tends to happen in big babies." ...

99

When Your Teen Is Having a Baby  

MedlinePLUS

When Your Teen Is Having a Baby KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Tough Topics > When Your Teen Is Having a Baby ... at a time like this. Continue What Your Teen May Be Feeling Just a short time ago ...

100

Shaken Baby Syndrome. The Arc Q & A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet uses a question-and-answer format to summarize what is known about shaken baby syndrome, brain damage resulting from forceful shaking of an infant or young child. Questions and answers address the following topics: what shaken baby syndrome is and other names for the condition; the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome; the incidence…

Palmer, Susan

101

Epilepsy associated with shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflicted injuries such as battering and shaking babies account for about 15% of children deaths. A large but probably underevaluated number of disabilities are referred to this kind of maltreatment. Indeed, an estimated 1,200 to 1,400 cases of shaken baby syndrome (SBS) are thought to occur each year in the United States. Only one out of four of these babies

Concezio Di Rocco

2008-01-01

102

Your Baby's Development: The Second Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... or her practice for life outside your body. Muscles grow stronger as your baby learns to kick, suck and open and close his or her hands. Your baby is also practicing making faces, such as frowning, smiling and squinting. When will I know my baby's ...

103

You Are Your Baby's First Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This easy-to-read manual for parents describes what a baby learns in the first year of life and suggests specific things parents or caregivers can do to encourage a baby to use his body, senses, and mind to communicate. Each chapter is concerned with 1 month of the infant's life and includes sections on (1) Baby's Viewpoint (discussion of the…

Segal, Marilyn M.

104

Changing School Demographics: The New Baby Boom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the demographic and socioeconomic effects on schools of the "new baby boom," consisting of school-age children of the original "baby boomers." The effects of this second-generation demographic trend include a higher proportion of minority students (since the decline in marriage and birth rates among baby boomers reaching…

Lake, Sara

105

Babies, Toddlers and the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

2001-01-01

106

Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2010-01-01

107

Drug Affected Babies: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 42-item annotated bibliography, represents a comprehensive effort to gather information on the educational problems of infant children of substance-abusing parents. Extensive searches were conducted in databases in the fields of education, medicine, social sciences, and the humanities. In particular, studies on the problems of "crack babies"…

Portland Public Schools, OR. Dept. of Research, Evaluation, and Testing.

108

Plasma Calcium and Magnesium in Newborn Babies  

PubMed Central

Normal values for plasma calcium and magnesium levels during the first week of life, in breast- and bottle-fed babies, have been determined. It has been shown on the sixth day that plasma levels of calcium, magnesium, and protein are all significantly lower in bottle-fed babies than in breast-fed babies, while the reverse is true of the plasma inorganic phosphorus. The normal babies have been compared with 30 babies who had convulsions, beginning towards the end of the first week of life. In only six of the babies was the plasma calcium outside our normal range and only four had abnormally low magnesium levels. As so many of these babies had calcium and magnesium levels within the normal range it must seriously be questioned whether hypocalcaemia or hypomagnesaemia could have been the sole cause of the convulsions.

Harvey, D. R.; Cooper, Lesley V.; Stevens, J. F.

1970-01-01

109

["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].  

PubMed

Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD. PMID:16139550

Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C

2005-10-01

110

Wormholes, baby universes, and causality  

SciTech Connect

In this paper wormholes defined on a Minkowski signature manifold are considered, both at the classical and quantum levels. It is argued that causality in quantum gravity may best be imposed by restricting the functional integral to include only causal Lorentzian spacetimes. Subject to this assumption, one can put very tight constraints on the quantum behavior of wormholes, their cousins the baby universes, and topology-changing processes in general. Even though topology-changing processes are tightly constrained, this still allows very interesting geometrical (rather than topological) effects. In particular, the laboratory construction of baby universes is {ital not} prohibited provided that the umbilical cord'' is never cut. Methods for relaxing these causality constraints are also discussed.

Visser, M. (Theoretical Division, T-8, Mail Stop B-285, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (US))

1990-02-15

111

Wormholes, baby universes, and causality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper wormholes defined on a Minkowski signature manifold are considered, both at the classical and quantum levels. It is argued that causality in quantum gravity may best be imposed by restricting the functional integral to include only causal Lorentzian spacetimes. Subject to this assumption, one can put very tight constraints on the quantum behavior of wormholes, their cousins the baby universes, and topology-changing processes in general. Even though topology-changing processes are tightly constrained, this still allows very interesting geometrical (rather than topological) effects. In particular, the laboratory construction of baby universes is not prohibited provided that the ``umbilical cord'' is never cut. Methods for relaxing these causality constraints are also discussed.

Visser, Matt

1990-02-01

112

Trauma and the wise baby.  

PubMed

This paper expands upon Ferenczi's concept of the wise baby and explores the dynamics of ignorance and compensatory ideals of wisdom as reactions to trauma and as manifestations of "double conscience," shame dynamics and Oedipal shame. Focusing on feelings of ignorance, of knowing and not knowing and their relation to trauma, the author elaborates on the dynamics of fantasies of wisdom, adumbrating implications for psychoanalytic technique. PMID:21818096

Kilborne, Benjamin

2011-09-01

113

International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1995 International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show in Ontario, Canada has a site of the Web. The IPM is a non-profit organization of volunteers which annually organizes Canada's largest farm machinery show. The event is commercial and educational. Thousands of school children and educators attend and participate in organized educational activities.

1995-01-01

114

SUGGESTED PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING FARM MACHINERY COSTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North Central Farm Machinery Task Force is a group of extension economists who evaluated alternative methods for estimating farm machinery costs and made recommendations for the development of extension materials. This paper describes the procedures agreed upon, and explains the rationale for the procedures chosen. The focus is on \\

William F. Lazarus; Roger A. Selley

2002-01-01

115

Decision support for green supply chain operations by integrating dynamic simulation and LCA indicators: diaper case study.  

PubMed

As the issue of environmental sustainability is becoming an important business factor, companies are now looking for decision support tools to assess the fuller picture of the environmental impacts associated with their manufacturing operations and supply chain (SC) activities. Lifecycle assessment (LCA) is widely used to measure the environmental consequences assignable to a product. However, it is usually limited to a high-level snapshot of the environmental implications over the product value chain without consideration of the dynamics arising from the multitiered structure and the interactions along the SC. This paper proposes a framework for green supply chain management by integrating a SC dynamic simulation and LCA indicators to evaluate both the economic and environmental impacts of various SC decisions such as inventories, distribution network configuration, and ordering policy. The advantages of this framework are demonstrated through an industrially motivated case study involving diaper production. Three distinct scenarios are evaluated to highlight how the proposed approach enables integrated decision support for green SC design and operation. PMID:22029393

Adhitya, Arief; Halim, Iskandar; Srinivasan, Rajagopalan

2011-12-01

116

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...machinery space means any space that contains machinery and...including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery...electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration, stabilizing...conditioning machinery, and similar spaces and trunks to such...

2013-10-01

117

Stochastic noise in splicing machinery  

PubMed Central

The number of known alternative human isoforms has been increasing steadily with the amount of available transcription data. To date, over 100 000 isoforms have been detected in EST libraries, and at least 75% of human genes have at least one alternative isoform. In this paper, we propose that most alternative splicing events are the result of noise in the splicing process. We show that the number of isoforms and their abundance can be predicted by a simple stochastic noise model that takes into account two factors: the number of introns in a gene and the expression level of a gene. The results strongly support the hypothesis that most alternative splicing is a consequence of stochastic noise in the splicing machinery, and has no functional significance. The results are also consistent with error rates tuned to ensure that an adequate level of functional product is produced and to reduce the toxic effect of accumulation of misfolding proteins. Based on simulation of sampling of virtual cDNA libraries, we estimate that error rates range from 1 to 10% depending on the number of introns and the expression level of a gene.

Melamud, Eugene; Moult, John

2009-01-01

118

Competitive Assessment of the U.S.: Textile Machinery Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There are some 500 firms in the textile machinery industry, manufacturing machinery, parts and accessories used in the production of textile mill products for apparel, home furnishing and industrial applications. Competition from imported machinery has si...

1987-01-01

119

Listening to the Baby: Evaluating a Baby Book Journal for New Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Browsing the parenting section of any bookstore reveals a wide variety ofcommercially available baby books. In spite of their popularity, the baby book format has rarely been used to develop materials that support the transition to parenting. This article describes the development of a baby book for this purpose, the phenomenological scholarship and research findings that shaped its design, and

Lee SmithBattle; Shawn Pohlman; Jennifer L. Broeder

2004-01-01

120

Otitis Media in "Water Babies"  

PubMed Central

To examine the clinical impression that the incidence of otitis media in infant swimmers (“water babies”) is higher than that in non-swimmers, we reviewed the records and interviewed the parents of 186 children under the age of four and one-half years seen in a suburban family practice. Sixty-five% (46/71) of swimmers as compared to 50% (58/115) of non-swimmers had been diagnosed as having at least one episode of otitis media. Although this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.055), this pilot study encouraged us to pursue further the possible association between otitis media and early-childhood swimming classes.

Watters, W.B.; Evans, C.E.

1987-01-01

121

When your baby or infant has a fever  

MedlinePLUS

... the emergency room when: Your child does not act alert or more comfortable when their fever goes down. Fever symptoms come back after they had gone away. The child does not make tears when crying. Your child does not have wet diapers or ...

122

Guide to the EU Machinery Directive.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide (prepared under contract by Helen Delaney and Rene van de Zande, DVZ Joint Ventures) is an easy-to-use introductory reference for industry and government officials on the requirements of the European Union's (EU) Machinery Directive (Directive ...

H. Delaney R. van de Zande

2001-01-01

123

Vibrational Diagnostics of Rotating Machinery Malfunctions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The diagnostics of rotating machinery malfunction, using vibration data in correlation with operational process data is outlined. The advantages of vibration monitoring systems as a part of preventive/predictive maintenance programs are emphasized. The ba...

A. Muszynska

1992-01-01

124

Vibrational diagnostics of rotating machinery malfunctions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The diagnostics of rotating machinery malfunction, using vibration data in correlation with operational process data is outlined. The advantages of vibration monitoring systems as a part of preventive/predictive maintenance programs are emphasized. The basic principles of machinery diagnostics, and several specific malfunction symptoms supported by simple mathematical models are given. These malfunctions include unbalance, excessive radial preload, rotor to stator rubbing, fluid induced vibrations, loose stationary and rotating parts, coupled torsional/lateral vibration excitation, and rotor cracking. The experimental results and actual field data illustrate the rotor vibration responses for individual malfunctions. Application of synchronous and nonsynchronous perturbation testing used for identification of basic dynamic characteristics of machinery is presented. Future advancements in vibration monitoring and diagnostics of rotating machinery health are discussed. The basic instrumentation for machine monitoring is outlined.

Muszynska, A.

125

Productivity Growth Average in Farm Machinery Manufacturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Productivity in farm machinery manufacturing is examined. The authors discuss how the national economy affects productivity, how the growth of agriculture and technology has changed the industry, and how future trends may cause change in the industry. (CT)

Herman, Arthur S.; Ferris, John W.

1982-01-01

126

Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... Return to Web version Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester When is the third trimester? The third and final trimester is week 27 through the ... moving often in the early weeks of the third trimester. Later, as your baby gets larger, you' ...

127

Baby Foods: Formulations and Interactions (A Review)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage some reactions and interactions occur which change physicochemical and nutritional

Ali Nasirpour; Joël Scher; Stéphane Desobry

2006-01-01

128

Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

Baird, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

129

FERTILIZER APPLICATION ON BABY CORN YIELD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fertilizer application effect being studied to evaluate the quality, yield and yield components of baby corn was conducted at the TOP\\/AVRDC field of Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng San Campus, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand. Its purpose was to evaluate the effect of third fertilizer application on yield and third ear yield of baby corn. Application of different chemical fertilizer as basal and

CHALERM MALASAM

130

Teen Moms and Babies Benefit from Camping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes nine-day residential camp for Michigan teenage mothers/babies to enhance personal growth and develop responsible social skills. Outlines goals, pre-camp planning, staff, activities, evaluation. Reports 31 teen moms (ages 13-21) and 35 babies attended in 1986. Indicates participants were in therapy, experienced abuse, had low self-esteem,…

Goode, Marsha; Broesamle, Barbara

1987-01-01

131

Pre-Term Babies. Caring About Kids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series designed to help parents care for their children and themselves by promoting good mental health, this pamphlet provides information about preterm babies. In nine brief sections, readers find various information, including a description of the preterm infant, a discussion of causes of preterm birth and low-weight babies, and a…

Sargent, Marilyn

132

Asymptomatic bacteriuria in healthy preterm babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urine was cultured from 51 healthy preterm babies. If the initial bag specimen grew more than 50 000 organisms\\/ml, a second bag specimen was cultured. After two positive bag specimens a suprapubic urine was cultured. Significant bacteriuria was excluded on the basis of one or two bag specimens in 90% of the babies. Suprapubic urine was sterile in a further

M Moncrieff; M Bamford; J Benson; J Bodden

1980-01-01

133

Postmicturition residual bladder volumes in healthy babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty eight assessments of postmicturition residual volume were undertaken in 34 babies of various gestational and postnatal ages using abdominal ultrasonography. Twenty one (54%) babies had no detectable residual bladder volume. In all cases manual expression of the bladder failed to eliminate the residual volume. The formula widely used in the estimation of fetal bladder size and urine output is

D S Roberts; B Rendell

1989-01-01

134

Welcoming a New Baby into Your Family  

MedlinePLUS

Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family KidsHealth > Kids > Feelings > My Home & Family > Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family Print A A A ... Home If you're going to have a new brother or sister, you'll want to know ...

135

Binocular Fixation in the Newborn Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments are reported in which 15 babies were presented with visual stimuli which varied in shape and distance from the eye. Results indicated that the majority of subjects binocularly fixated all three stimuli and it was concluded that the newborn baby has the basic requirements for binocular vision. (Author/GO)

Slater, Alan M.; Findlay, John M.

1975-01-01

136

Particle size analysis for machinery health monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

MONITORING the health, or condition, of machinery is a universally accepted way of achieving economy of use and preventing catastrophic failure. Wear debris analysis is a powerful method of monitoring oil-lubricated machinery and many techniques are used, such as spectroscopic oil-analysis1, magnetic plug and filter inspection2, ferrography3, and particle size analysis. Although this last technique is frequently used for monitoring

G. Pocock

1977-01-01

137

Six children with allergic contact dermatitis to methylisothiazolinone in wet wipes (baby wipes).  

PubMed

Methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) is a combination preservative used in personal care and household products and is a common cause of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Recently, MI alone, without MCI, has been increasingly used in consumer products in attempts to minimize allergic reactions. Wet wipes are extensively tested and traditionally believed to be innocuous. MI in wet wipes ("baby wipes") has not been previously reported to cause ACD in children in the United States. Only 1 previous report of ACD in a child in Belgium has been recently reported. We report 6 children with chronic, perianal/buttock, and facial eczematous dermatitis, refractory to multiple topical and oral antibiotics and corticosteroids. All tested positive to MCI/MI on patch testing. None wore diapers. All patients had been using wet wipes containing MI (without MCI) to affected areas. Discontinuation of wipes resulted in rapid and complete resolution. This is the first report of pediatric ACD to MI in wet wipes in the United States, and the largest series to date. ACD to MI in wet wipes is frequently misdiagnosed as eczema, impetigo, or psoriasis. Wet wipes are increasingly marketed in personal care products for all ages, and MI exposure and sensitization will likely increase. Dermatitis of the perianal, buttock, facial, and hand areas with a history of wet wipe use should raise suspicion of ACD to MI and prompt appropriate patch testing. Rapid resolution occurs after the allergen exposure is eliminated. All isothiozolinones should be avoided in personal care and household products for these patients. PMID:24420805

Chang, Mary Wu; Nakrani, Radhika

2014-02-01

138

ADJUSTMENT, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF CROP HARVESTING MACHINERY. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE OF A SERIES DESIGNED FOR HELPING TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY-LEVEL STUDENTS FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS, THIS GUIDE AIMS TO DEVELOP STUDENT COMPETENCY IN ADJUSTING, REPAIRING, AND MAINTAINING CROP HARVESTING MACHINERY. SUGGESTIONS FOR INTRODUCTION OF THE…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

139

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY ASSEMBLY AND LUBRICATION. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE OF A SERIES DESIGNED TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS, THIS GUIDE AIMS TO DEVELOP STUDENT UNDERSTANDING OF THE FUNCTIONS OF LUBRICANTS FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY, SKILL IN THEIR SELECTION, AND UNDERSTANDING OF…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

140

Discussion on design of baby changing station in public place  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the widely using of baby changing station in the public place, its usability is considered greatly important. It is necessary to give convenience in the behavior of nursing for both baby and adult. Through analyzing baby's psychological characteristics in the adult's nursing behavior, the main features of using baby changing station are researched and analyzed. At last some key

Lufang Zhang; Jiansong Luo; Ming Wu

2009-01-01

141

Protect Yourself and Your Baby from Dengue  

MedlinePLUS

Avoid mosquito bites during pregnancy to prevent dengue in your newborn baby • Dengue is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes • A pregnant woman infected with dengue virus may ...

142

Conservative care of the newborn baby  

PubMed Central

A method of managing ill and premature babies with little disturbance is described. The results of such care during 1969-76 compare favourably with those achieved by more intensive and active intervention.

Hughes-Davies, T. H.

1979-01-01

143

Baby Boomer Retirement Planning: Whose Responsibility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over 75 million baby boomers expect to begin retiring in the next five years. In response to this impending retirement wave, researchers and policymakers have begun sounding the alarm about the inadequacy of traditional retirement income sources--personal...

1994-01-01

144

Having Healthy Babies: The Science Inside  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book summarizes what health professionals know about pregnancy, healthy babies and mothers. Supported byScience Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the National Center for Research Resources Grant # 5R25RR15601

Healthy People Library Project;

2003-01-01

145

Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers  

MedlinePLUS

... Centers Broken Bones & Injuries Diseases & Conditions Arthritis Tumors Sports Injuries & Prevention Children Health & Safety Treatment Treatments & Surgeries ... Resources Copyright 2011 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers While there may ...

146

Your Baby's Development: The First Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... During this stage, the baby is called an embryo. What changes occur during the embryonic stage? During ... parts begin to develop. The cells of the embryo (called embryonic stem cells) multiply and change into ...

147

Inside the 40S Ribosome Assembly Machinery  

PubMed Central

Ribosome assembly involves rRNA transcription, modification, folding and cleavage from precursor transcripts, and association of ribosomal proteins (Rps). In bacteria, this complex process requires only a handful of proteins in addition to those needed for rRNA transcription, modification and cleavage, while in eukaryotes a large machinery comprising ~ 200 proteins in the yeast S. cerevisiae has been identified. Furthermore, while the bacterial assembly factors generally produce only cold-sensitive phenotypes upon deletion, most of the eukaryotic assembly factors are essential, comprising ~ 20% of essential yeast proteins. This review explores recent rapid progress in the structural and functional dissection of the 40S assembly machinery.

Karbstein, Katrin

2011-01-01

148

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020 is part of a research project at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. The project examines how women born between 1946 and 1964 (i.e., the Baby Boom) see paid work after the age of 65 and the ways in which public policy will affect this aging sector of the female workforce. The site offers information on its ongoing studies as well as a varied collection of links.

149

The ART of marketing babies.  

PubMed

New legislation can be oppressive for a significant population depending upon the politics of its drafters. The current upsurge of the surrogacy trade in India, and the label of a "win-win" situation that it has acquired, points towards an unfettered commercialisation of assisted reproductive technology and the practice of surrogacy that is blinding its middle class users as well as providers, policy makers and law makers, and charging an imagination that is already caught up in spiralling consumerism. This paper analyses the Draft Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill and Rules, 2008, in the Indian socioeconomic context. It identifies the interests of the affected women, and examines the contradictions of the proposed Bill with their interests, as well as with current health and population policies, confining itself to the handling of surrogacy and not the entire content of the Bill. The bases of the analytical perspective used are: the context of poverty and the health needs of the Indian population; the need to locate surrogacy services within the overall public health service context and its epidemiological basis; the need to restrain direct human experimentation for the advancement of any technology; the use of safer methods; and, finally, the rights of surrogate mothers and their babies, in India, as opposed to the compulsion or dynamics of the medical market and reproductive tourism. PMID:22106569

Qadeer, Imrana

2010-01-01

150

Breast is best for babies.  

PubMed Central

Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding.

Leung, Alexander K. C.; Sauve, Reginald S.

2005-01-01

151

Practical machinery management for process plants. Volume 2: Machinery failure analysis and troubleshooting  

SciTech Connect

This book offers methods for analyzing and troubleshooting machinery component distress. It is a systematic approach to machinery failures involving gears, rolling-element bearing, sliding bearings, bolting, couplings, mechanical seals, pumps, compressors, electric motors, steam turbines, and similar equipment. It treats formal failure-analysis reporting techniques in depth, showing organizational and procedural requirements for the successful definition of root-cause problems. the text devotes coverage to vibration analysis, emphasizing spectrum analysis and pattern recognition, and the meaning of definable differences in good vs. detective machinery vibration signature spectra. It also covers the application of sneak analysis.

Bloch, H.P.; Geitner, F.K.

1983-01-01

152

Noise Control in Tubular Wire Stranding Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is an investigation of noise control options in tubular wire stranding operations. A primary target noise level of 90 dBA, and a secondary target noise level of 85 dBA are identified, based on government regulations, current Worker's Compensation trends, and labor union activities. An examination of rope mills and the sound fields around stranding machinery demonstrates that several

James Frederick Yerges

1980-01-01

153

Dendritic and Postsynaptic Protein Synthetic Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing body of evidence that local protein synthesis beneath synapses may provide a novel mechanism underlying plastic phenomena. In vivo and in vitro biochemical data show that dendrites can perform translation and glycosylation. Using antibodies directed against the eukaryotic protein synthetic machinery, we sought to identify the structures implicated in nonperinuclear translation, namely dendritic and postsynaptic protein

Alejandra Gardiol; Claudia Racca; Antoine Triller

1991-01-01

154

Analysis of LSD-41 Machinery Room Layout.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tentative layouts for the LSD-41 machinery rooms no. 1 and no. 2 have been developed by NAVSEA and by the J. J. Henry Company. Figures 1 and 2 provide approximate sketches of the NAVSEA layouts; and Figures 3 and 4, of the J. J. Henry layouts. A key facto...

H. L. Williams

1980-01-01

155

Active Vibration Dampers For Rotating Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Active dampers developed to suppress vibrations in rotating machinery. Essentially feedback control systems and reciprocating piezoelectric actuators. Similar active damper containing different actuators described in LEW-14488. Concept also applicable to suppression of vibrations in stationary structures subject to winds and earthquakes. Active damper offers adjustable suppression of vibrations. Small and lightweight and responds faster to transients.

Kascack, Albert F.; Ropchock, John J.; Lakatos, Tomas F.; Montague, Gerald T.; Palazzolo, Alan; Lin, Reng Rong

1994-01-01

156

EARNINGS IN THE MACHINERY INDUSTRIES, MID-1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RESULTS OF A MID-1966 NATIONWIDE SURVEY BY THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS SHOWED THAT THE EARNINGS OF PRODUCTION AND RELATED NONELECTRICAL MACHINERY WORKERS IN 21 LARGE OCCUPATIONAL AREAS VARIED BY OCCUPATION, SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT, AND COMMUNITY, INDUSTRY, LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONTRACT STATUS, AND LOCATION. THE AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE WAS $2.84. HIGHER…

BAUER, FREDERICK L.

157

Two Generation Farming: Transferring Machinery and Livestock  

Microsoft Academic Search

Once the younger party has made a long-term commitment to farming, the parties should consider how to transfer control and owner-ship of farm assets. This publication discusses considerations for transferring the use and ownership of personal property such as farm machinery, breeding livestock, and crop and livestock inventories.

William M. Edwards; Donald Hofstrand

1998-01-01

158

Machinery Management: Acquiring Farm Machinery Services--Ownership, Custiom Hire, Rental Leasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today farmers can easily invest more than $100,000 in a single tractor or combine. Although most farmers own their own machinery, options such as custom hiring, renting, and leasing also are popular alternatives.

William M. Edwards; Vernon M. Meyer

2001-01-01

159

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of refrigerating...control device located outside the compartment. (c) All refrigeration compressor spaces shall be effectively ventilated and...

2010-10-01

160

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of refrigerating...control device located outside the compartment. (c) All refrigeration compressor spaces shall be effectively ventilated and...

2011-10-01

161

Fault Detection in Process Machinery by Vibration Analysis,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the methods of malfunction diagnosis of rotating machinery by vibration analysis. The frequency analysis of vibration signals is a very effective tool for diagnosing mechanical problems in rotating machinery and the use of this techni...

S. A. Ansari S. K. Ayazuddin

1984-01-01

162

Vibration Problems of Rotating Machinery Due to Coupling Misalignments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vibrational analysis of rotating machinery is able to identify a large number of system ills. Shaft bow, shaft unbalance and coupling misalignments make up the major portion of the observed vibrational frequency spectra of rotating machinery. These vibrat...

F. L. Barber

1988-01-01

163

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of refrigerating...control device located outside the compartment. (c) All refrigeration compressor spaces shall be effectively ventilated and...

2013-10-01

164

L'Entretien des Machines Agricoles (Farm Machinery Care).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The translation of an English publication titled 'Machinery Care Project D Units' covers the following: Knowledge of parts used in machinery; The importance of screws and bolts, nuts, wrenches, their size, the different size of nails, their different shap...

1979-01-01

165

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust...ventilation of a gasoline machinery space, required by § 182.460...starting gasoline engines for the time sufficient to insure at least one complete change of air in the space...

2013-10-01

166

Babies behind bars; an Irish perspective.  

PubMed

In the Irish Prison service prison is not deemed suitable for babes. Rarely are mothers separated from their children in Ireland as they get temporary release renewed weekly to keep her at home with her baby. The governor explained the system of the prison which I detail below. The women's prison is now known as the Dochas Centre meaning hope, named so by the women themselves. We found that 14 babies lived in the centre with their mothers in the last 4 years. Their length of stay ranged from 2 days to 3 months. Of the 14 babies in prison, five were born to women who were pregnant on admission and the other nine brought their babies with them. Six women are separated from their children, in total 24, due to her incarceration. The implications are that a formal system is needed to plan the baby's admission, stay and discharge with formal links with HSE health and child protection systems where necessary. The HSE and the Irish prison's service are looking at further amalgamation or integration of health care into the prison system. PMID:17380921

Enright, F; Boyle, T; Murphy, J

2007-01-01

167

Expedient Treatment of a Collodion Baby  

PubMed Central

Only ~270 cases of collodion babies have been reported in the literature since 1892. As the name suggests, the term “collodion baby” refers to a phenotype that can be characterized by a yellow, shiny, tight parchment-like membrane stretched over the skin. Although the collodion membrane is only an evanescent condition of the newborn, neonatal complications can occur in 45% of all collodion babies, leading to a mortality rate of ~11% in the first few weeks of life. Most children born as collodion babies will spontaneously desquamate within 2 weeks, but may be as long as 3 months. Eventually, these children develop signs of one of several types of ichthyosis, which gives the skin the appearance of “fish scales.” We report a unique case of a Caucasian male that was born as a Collodion baby at the University of Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Although the impairment of the skin barrier function put the patient at risk for a number of complications, he improved significantly after being treated with emollients and antibiotics. In contrast to previous findings, we found that skin emollients were beneficial and did not increase the risk of infection.

Chung, Michael; Pittenger, Jaime; Tobin, Stuart; Chung, Andrew; Desai, Nirmala

2011-01-01

168

America's baby boom generation: the fateful bulge.  

PubMed

From 1955-64 nearly 42 million births occurred in the U.S., an unprecedented expansion. The roots of the baby boom lie in the universal rush to early marriage and favorable economic climate for the relatively scarce young men born of the Depression cohort. The impact of the boom interrupted a century-long fertility decline. Pro-marriage, pronatalist norms were revived by the Depression cohort who formed families of at least 2 children or more. During the 1960-70's schools, colleges, and universities were built to accomodate the boom and are now excessive for the baby bust cohort. Unemployment and crime rates rose and fell with the passing of the boom babies through late adolescence and early adulthood. In the 1980's, boom babies will be aged 20-30. Demands for housing will be high. Annual birth numbers will increase even if the rate of childbearing hovers below replacement level at about 1.8 per woman. Per capita earnings and overall labor productivity should improve as the boom baby cohort reaches middle age in the 1990s. However, chances for advancement will be fewer. As the cohort reaches retirement age, the over 65 population will double from 31 million in 2000 to almost 60 million in 2030. Although the burden will be somewhat offset by reduced proportions of under 18-year-olds, the ratio of active workers paying Social Security will fall drastically. PMID:12309851

Bouvier, L F

1980-04-01

169

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section...Inspections § 109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer...charge, before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall...

2013-10-01

170

PER UNIT COSTS TO OWN AND OPERATE FARM MACHINERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entropy and jackknife estimation procedures were used to find that custom rates are 20.3% lower than the true cost to own and operate machinery for an average size Kansas farm. A method was then developed to estimate a farms total machinery costs with which to benchmark machinery costs.

Aaron J. Beaton; Kevin C. Dhuyvetter; Terry L. Kastens

2003-01-01

171

Risk Assessment of Baby Powder Exposure through Inhalation  

PubMed Central

This study was conducted to assess the exposure risk through inhalation to baby powder for babies and adults under simulated conditions. Baby powder was applied to a baby doll and the amount of baby powder consumed per application was estimated. The airborne exposure to baby powder during application was then evaluated by sampling the airborne baby powder near the breathing zones of both the baby doll and the person applying the powder (the applicator). The average amount of baby powder consumed was 100 mg/application, and the average exposure concentration of airborne baby powder for the applicator and baby doll was 0.00527 mg/m3 (range 0.00157~0.01579 mg/m3) and 0.02207 mg/m3 (range 0.00780~ 0.04173 mg/m3), respectively. When compared with the Occupational Exposure Limit of 2 mg/m3 set by the Korean Ministry of Labor and the Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 2 mg/m3 set by the ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists), the exposure concentrations were much lower. Next, the exposure to asbestos-containing baby powder was estimated and the exposure risk was assessed based on the lung asbestos contents in normal humans. As a result, the estimated lung asbestos content resulting from exposure to asbestos-containing baby powder was found to be much lower than that of a normal Korean with no asbestos-related occupational history.

Moon, Min Chaul; Park, Jung Duck; Choi, Byung Soon; Park, So Young; Kim, Dong Won; Chung, Yong Hyun; Hisanaga, Naomi

2011-01-01

172

The Mechanotransduction Machinery of Hair Cells  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mechanotransduction, the conversion of mechanical force into an electrochemical signal, allows living organisms to detect touch, hear, register movement and gravity, and sense changes in cell volume and shape. Hair cells in the vertebrate inner ear are mechanoreceptor cells specialized for the detection of sound and head movement. Each hair cell contains, at the apical surface, rows of stereocilia that are connected by extracellular filaments to form an exquisitely organized bundle. Mechanotransduction channels, localized near the tips of the stereocilia, are gated by the gating spring, an elastic element that is stretched upon stereocilia deflection and mediates rapid channel opening. Components of the mechanotransduction machinery in hair cells have been identified and several are encoded by genes linked to deafness in humans, which indicates that defects in the mechanotransduction machinery are the underlying cause of some forms of hearing impairment.

Nicolas Grillet (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Piotr Kazmierczak (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Wei Xiong (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Martin Schwander (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Anna Reynolds (La Jolla;Scripps Research Institute REV); Hirofumi Sakaguchi (National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders;Laboratory of Cell Structure and Dynamics REV)

2009-08-25

173

Exploring the ESCRTing machinery in eukaryotes  

PubMed Central

The profile of protein sorting into multivesicular bodies (MVBs) has risen recently with the identification of three heteromeric complexes known as ESCRT-I,-II,-III (Endosomal Sorting Complex Required for Transport). Genetic analyses in yeast have identified up to 15 soluble class E VPS (vacuolar protein sorting) proteins that have been assigned to the ESCRT machinery and function in cargo recognition and sorting, complex assembly, vesicle formation and dissociation. Despite their functional importance in yeast and mammalian cells, little is known about their presence and function in other organisms including plants. We have made use of the fully sequenced genomes of Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa, Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans to explore the identity, structural characteristics and phylogenetic relationships of proteins assigned to the ESCRT machinery.

Winter, Verena; Hauser, Marie-Theres

2010-01-01

174

Flight machinery dimensions of honeybees, Apis mellifera  

Microsoft Academic Search

The flight muscles of different honeybee subspecies are known to have different allozymes of malate dehydrogenase (Mdh) which\\u000a in turn are correlated with differences in mass-specific metabolic flight rate. Flight capacity is also affected by dimensional,\\u000a morphological relationships of mass and area which allow an estimation of an “excess power index”. The dimensions of the flight\\u000a machinery of honeybees (based

H. R. Hepburn; S. E. Radloff; S. Fuchs

1999-01-01

175

Use of Mechatronic Components in Rotating Machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mechatronic components are getting more and more common in mechanical systems. As an example Active Magnetic Bearings (AMB) are often used in Rotating Machinery. Besides their function of an oil-, contact- and frictionless levitation of the rotor, they are best suited to be used as an exciter and measurement instrument to extract more information from the system under observation. In this paper it is shown, how Active Magnetic Bearings can be used for identification, diagnosis and optimization purposes.

Nordmann, Rainer

176

The exportomer: the peroxisomal receptor export machinery.  

PubMed

Peroxisomes constitute a dynamic compartment of almost all eukaryotic cells. Depending on environmental changes and cellular demands peroxisomes can acquire diverse metabolic roles. The compartmentalization of peroxisomal matrix enzymes is a prerequisite to carry out their physiologic function. The matrix proteins are synthesized on free ribosomes in the cytosol and are ferried to the peroxisomal membrane by specific soluble receptors. Subsequent to cargo release into the peroxisomal matrix, the receptors are exported back to the cytosol to facilitate further rounds of matrix protein import. This dislocation step is accomplished by a remarkable machinery, which comprises enzymes required for the ubiquitination as well as the ATP-dependent extraction of the receptor from the membrane. Interestingly, receptor ubiquitination and dislocation are the only known energy-dependent steps in the peroxisomal matrix protein import process. The current view is that the export machinery of the receptors might function as molecular motor not only in the dislocation of the receptors but also in the import step of peroxisomal matrix protein by coupling ATP-dependent removal of the peroxisomal import receptor with cargo translocation into the organelle. In this review we will focus on the architecture and function of the peroxisomal receptor export machinery, the peroxisomal exportomer. PMID:22983384

Platta, Harald W; Hagen, Stefanie; Erdmann, Ralf

2013-04-01

177

By 9 Months, Baby's Visual Learning Kicks In: Study  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. By 9 Months, Baby's Visual Learning Kicks In: Study At this ... HealthDay News) -- By the time they're 9 months old, babies can use pictures to learn about ...

178

Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry  

MedlinePLUS

... this? Submit Button CDC Features Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry Share Compartir Risk ... messages, and helpful resources. How do people get Salmonella infections from live baby poultry? Live poultry may ...

179

Having Babies May Be 'Contagious' Among Long-Time Friends  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Having Babies May Be 'Contagious' Among Long-Time Friends Women tend to get pregnant soon after ... News) -- Getting pregnant may be contagious among long-time friends -- when one woman has a baby, her ...

180

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. 62.50-30 Section 62.50-30...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. Note: Periodically unattended machinery plants include machinery plants and...

2013-10-01

181

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The

M. Laffoy; P. Fitzpatrick; M. Jordan; D. Dowdall

1995-01-01

182

Shaken Baby Syndrome: What Caregivers Need To Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the causes of shaken baby syndrome and how to recognize, respond to, and prevent it. Identifies horseplay to avoid and recommends never shaking baby even for apnea. Offers 12 tips for working with crying babies and includes ten discussion questions to test knowledge of the syndrome. (DLH)

Wiggins, Paula

2000-01-01

183

Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

184

Your Baby: Protecting Your Baby from Hepatitis B (VHS 1/2 inch) (Video).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The video tells prospective parents how to protect a newborn from hepatitis B and whether the baby's mother is infected or not. It also discusses prenatal screening of mother and immunization of infant.

1993-01-01

185

Healthy Family 2009: Bringing in Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Healthy Family 2009 Bringing in Baby Past Issues / Winter 2009 Table of Contents For an enhanced version of ... for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Winter 2009 Issue: Volume 4 Number 1 Pages 3 - 4

186

Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features

D N Gleadhill; W J Robson; R E Cudmore; R R Turnock

1987-01-01

187

Shaken Baby Syndrome: actual innocence petition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this hypothetical case the state's entire prosecution rested on the Rule 702, R. Evd. Medical Testimony that the head injury was caused by SBS (Shaken Baby Syndrome), a biomechanical hypothesis for explaining head injuries. Although this alleged event was not witnessed by anyone, the state posited this hypothesis as the only explanation for the injuries. The rule 702 experts

Kent R. Holcomb

2008-01-01

188

Social Early Stimulation of Trisomy-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was initiated with twenty Down's syndrome babies to verify whether subjects undergoing social early stimulation would benefit from this type of treatment. An experimental study was designed with two training groups: visual or written instructions. The analyses of the results established statistically significant differences in the…

Aparicio, Maria Teresa Sanz; Balana, Javier Menendez

2003-01-01

189

Semicarbazide in baby food: a European survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concentration of semicarbazide (SEM) in baby food packed in glass jars with lids sealed with plastic gaskets was determined in more than 100 samples, produced in 11 European countries, and purchased at local supermarkets in 14 countries. The method used for the analyses has been recently validated in a collaborative study. A correlation between the measured SEM concentration and

Szilard Szilagyi; Maria Beatriz de la Calle

2006-01-01

190

Baby universes in 4D dynamical triangulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We measure numerically the distribution of baby universes in the crumpled phase of the dynamical triangulation model of 4D quantum gravity. The relevance of the results to the issue of an exponential bound is discussed. The data are consistent with the existence of such a bound.

Catterall, S.; Kogut, J.; Renken, R.; Thorleifsson, G.

1996-02-01

191

Back to School for Retired Baby Boomers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the nation, schools increasingly are tapping into a vast resource pool--retired educators. The potential effects of the retirement boom--baby boomers reaching retirement age--have been well documented. An April 2009 "New York Times" article estimates that by 2013, more than one-third of the nation's 3.2 million teachers could retire. One…

Bumgardner, Stan

2009-01-01

192

Evaluation of products for treating babies' napkins.  

PubMed Central

A test is described for assessing the sanitizing effect of napkin treatment products on naturally urine-wetted and faecally-contaminated napkins. This test defines in-use conditions which closely resemble typical domestic situations. One napkin treatment product ('Napisan'), tested at two different concentrations and with challenges of different numbers of babies' napkins, performed satisfactorily under the conditions used.

Gaya, H.; Thirlwall, J.; Shaw, E. J.; Hassam, Z.

1979-01-01

193

Importing Mitochondrial Proteins: Machineries and Mechanisms  

PubMed Central

Most mitochondrial proteins are synthesized on cytosolic ribosomes and must be imported across one or both mitochondrial membranes. There is an amazingly versatile set of machineries and mechanisms, and at least four different pathways, for the importing and sorting of mitochondrial precursor proteins. The translocases that catalyze these processes are highly dynamic machines driven by the membrane potential, ATP, or redox reactions, and they cooperate with molecular chaperones and assembly complexes to direct mitochondrial proteins to their correct destinations. Here, we discuss recent insights into the importing and sorting of mitochondrial proteins and their contributions to mitochondrial biogenesis.

Chacinska, Agnieszka; Koehler, Carla M.; Milenkovic, Dusanka; Lithgow, Trevor; Pfanner, Nikolaus

2014-01-01

194

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE DEPARTMENT OPERATING PROCEDURES. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE OF A SERIES DESIGNED TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY STUDENTS FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, PARTS MEN, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS, THIS GUIDE AIMS TO DEVELOP STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE OF THE OPERATING PROCEDURES OF A SERVICE DEPARTMENT AND ABILITY TO CARRY OUT THE FUNCTIONS OF A SERVICE…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

195

Water loss from the skin of term and preterm babies.  

PubMed Central

Water loss from the skin of term and preterm babies, nursed naked in incubators under neutral thermal conditions, was measured by a method based on estimating the water vapour pressure gradient close to the skin surface. 199 sets of measurements were made on 78 babies whose gestational ages ranged from 26 to 41 weeks, during the first 4 weeks of life. Babies of 34 to 41 weeks' gestation had high water losses in the first 4 hours after birth, which then fell to low levels averaging 6 g/m2 per hour. Babies of 30 to 33 weeks' gestation had high water losses in the first week which then fell to levels similar to those of mature babies. Babies less than 30 weeks' gestation had strikingly high losses, averaging 32 g/m2 per hour in the first 4 days of life. At 2 weeks, levels were still higher than those of mature babies. Light-for-dates babies had skin water losses appropriate for their gestations. The high water losses in extremely preterm babies are probably transepidermal and the result of a thin, poorly keratinised stratum corneum. Water loss from the palms and soles was high in term babies and although low in preterm babies it rose steadily in the first 4 weeks of life. This is thought to represent the onset of emotional sweating. In terms of actual heat and water lost, skin water loss is relatively unimportant in term babies nursed naked under neutral thermal conditions. However, in babies less than 30 weeks' gestation, weighing less than 1 kg, skin water loss makes a major contribution to overall water balance. Furthermore, evaporative heat loss from the skin may exceed resting heat production. It is suggested that reduction of skin water loss in these babies may increase their chances of survival and their rates of growth.

Rutter, N; Hull, D

1979-01-01

196

The antiabortion movement and Baby Jane Doe.  

PubMed

In the early 1980s, the leadership of the antiabortion movement became involved in a campaign to establish legal rights to extraordinary medical care for seriously handicapped newborns. Armed with political contacts in the Reagan administration and Congress, and allied with advocates for the disabled, the antiabortion movement searched for a test case to guide through the courts. Antiabortion advocate Lawrence Washburn found such a case in Baby Jane Doe, who was being treated at Stony Brook Medical Center. The movement went on to amend the Child Abuse Act to include protections for handicapped newborns. Activists in the movement chose the issue of Baby Jane Doe because they believed it would attract welcome publicity, give them the appearance of supporting civil rights, and enhance their argument as to the legal rights of the fetus and thus strengthen the case against abortion. The movement was partially successful in obtaining its goals. PMID:3745839

Paige, C; Karnofsky, E B

1986-01-01

197

Shaken-Baby-Syndrom — Prävention, aber wie?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Das Shaken-Baby-Syndrom (Schütteltrauma, SBS) gehört zu der Gruppe der auf Kindesmisshandlung zurückzuführenden Kopfverletzungen.\\u000a Der häufigste Auslöser für diese Form der Kindesmisshandlung ist lang anhaltendes und unstillbares Schreien eines Säuglings,\\u000a das zu einem Kontrollverlust der Betreuungsperson und zum Schütteln des Kindes im Affekt führen kann (Barr et al., 2006; Reijneveld et al., 2004). Die Lebensphase vom 2. bis 5. Lebensmonat, in

Silke Kramer

198

Pulse oximetry interference in bronze baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case of a neonate with Rhesus hemolytic disease of the newborn who went on to develop bronze baby syndrome (BBS) is reported. During his admission, inconsistencies between pulse oximetry saturations (SpO2) and his arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) measurements raised the suspicion of interference with our SpO2 monitoring. Although bilirubin has been heavily investigated with respect to SpO2

S A Hussain

2009-01-01

199

Preparing kids for the new baby.  

PubMed

Sibling prenatal classes are a natural extension of nursing's interest and expertise in childbirth preparation for expectant couples. From parents' perspective, these classes have the potential to decrease sibling rivalry and facilitate parental coping with older children's concerns about a new baby. From a nurse educator's perspective, sibling prenatal classes offer a rich learning experience for students by providing an opportunity to integrate knowledge about pregnancy and birth with communication skills and child development knowledge. PMID:9633319

Storr, G B; Robinson, P

1998-03-01

200

Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?  

PubMed Central

A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.

Bronfin, Daniel R.

2001-01-01

201

Pregnancy anxieties and natural recognition in baby-switching.  

PubMed

Recent media reports in the USA of baby-switching at birth have caused anxiety for a number of maternity patients. Although alternative precautionary procedures are being implemented by hospitals to prevent baby-switching, ways to allay the maternity patient's anxiety must also be considered. While maternity patients can be expected to recognize their neonates, it is less clear how well they perform recognition under specified conditions. An American team of researchers noted postpartum mothers' anxiety levels and their natural cues to recognize crying sounds and garment smells of their babies as preventive measures against baby-switching. An experimental study design was used to conduct this research. Participants completed a demographic form and Levin's pregnancy anxiety instrument, followed by three recognition challenges for hearing and smelling cues. Ten per cent of mothers reported anxiety about baby-switching, 65.9% recognized their babies from recorded crying, and 52.3% recognized their babies by smell. Mothers do have the natural ability to recognize the cries or smells of their babies, even when anxious about baby-switching. Educating new mothers, acknowledging their natural ability for baby recognition, and promoting the use of private rooms with same-room (couplet) care can serve as extra safeguards. PMID:12048488

DiPasquale Davis, J; Moran, M K; Horger, E O; Dajani, A N

202

The incubation of a social movement? Preterm babies, parent activists, and neonatal productions in the US context.  

PubMed

This article explores health-based activism on the part of the US 'parents of preemies' movement, a mutual-help network mobilized around babies born precariously early and acutely dependent upon life-support incubators. The movement articulates two meta-agendas for parental empowerment: (1) the quest to access/exercise greater participatory inclusivity vis-à-vis the preterm baby within the biomedical domain; and, (2) the quest to secure/command greater representational authority over the preterm baby within the public domain. Seen in terms of the erosion of the status quo, it can be argued that the movement's tangible and intangible aims to chip away at these traditions have been softly revolutionary: heralding new working partnerships between medical practitioners and patients' families; radical shifts in the technological consciousness and competences of preemie parents; and cyborg changes in conventional categories of the person. Yet, seen in terms of a normative order of things, it can be argued that the movement has largely and willingly been "co/operated": meaning that it has been "cooperative," but equally "co-opted" and "operated into" the disciplinary trajectory of neonatal medicine as well as the historical march of biopolitics with its governance of the collective body populous. From this critical perspective, the movement qua social movement thus itself might be considered incubated--cocooned, gestated, disciplined--and brought into existence by the very powers and hegemonic (patriarchal) machinery that viable resistance might struggle to govern instead of serve. PMID:16039029

Landzelius, Kyra

2006-02-01

203

Consider synthetic lubricants for process machinery  

SciTech Connect

Judicious application of properly formulated synthetic lubricants can benefit a wide spectrum of process machinery. This informed usage is very likely to drive down overall maintenance and downtime expenditures and can markedly improve plant efficiency. The paper describes the origin of synthetic lubricants, then explains the principal features and attributes of the six base fluids: synthetic hydrocarbon fluids; organic esters; polyglycols; phosphate esters; silicones; and blends of the synthetic lubricants. The paper discusses the properties and advantages and gives brief highlights of successful case histories of the use of synthetic lubricants. These include: circulating oil system for furnace air preheaters; Right angle gear drives for fin fan coolers; plant-wide oil mist systems; and pulverizing mills in coal-fired generating plant. In the last case, an economic analysis is done to point out the savings possible in lubricant consumption cost, reduced maintenance cost, lubricant disposal cost, and reduction in power consumption.

Bloch, H.P. (Bloch, (Heinz P.), Montgomery, TX (United States)); Pate, A.R. Jr. (Summit Industrial Products, Tyler, TX (United States))

1995-01-01

204

The SNARE Machinery in Mast Cell Secretion  

PubMed Central

Mast cells are known as inflammatory cells which exert their functions in allergic and anaphylactic reactions by secretion of numerous inflammatory mediators. During an allergic response, the high-affinity IgE receptor, Fc?RI, becomes cross-linked by receptor-bound IgE and antigen resulting in immediate release of pre-synthesized mediators – stored in granules – as well as in de novo synthesis of various mediators like cytokines and chemokines. Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein (SNAP) receptors (SNARE) proteins were found to play a central role in regulating membrane fusion events during exocytosis. In addition, several accessory regulators like Munc13, Munc18, Rab GTPases, secretory carrier membrane proteins, complexins, or synaptotagmins were found to be involved in membrane fusion. In this review we summarize our current knowledge about the SNARE machinery and its mechanism of action in mast cell secretion.

Lorentz, Axel; Baumann, Anja; Vitte, Joana; Blank, Ulrich

2012-01-01

205

Neural activation to babyfaced men matches activation to babies  

PubMed Central

Behavioral data supports the commonsense view that babies elicit different responses than adults do. Behavioral research also has supported the babyface overgeneralization hypothesis that the adaptive value of responding appropriately to babies produces a tendency for these responses to be over-generalized to adults whose facial structure resembles babies. Here we show a neural substrate for responses to babies and babyface overgeneralization in the amygdala and the fusiform face area (FFA). Both regions showed greater percentage BOLD signal change compared with fixation when viewing faces of babies or babyfaced men than maturefaced men. Viewing the first two categories also yielded greater effective connectivity between the two regions. Facial qualities previously shown to elicit strong neural activation could not account for the effects. Babyfaced men were distinguished only by their resemblance to babies. The preparedness to respond to infantile facial qualities generalizes to babyfaced men in perceivers’ neural responses just as it does in their behavioral reactions.

Zebrowitz, Leslie A.; Luevano, Victor X.; Bronstad, Philip M.; Aharon, Itzhak

2014-01-01

206

Industrial Machinery Maintenance and Repair. Florida Vocational Program Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in industrial machinery maintenance and repair in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of millwrights, maintenance mechanics, and machinery erectors; program…

University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

207

4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ALONG SOUTH SIDE OF WESTERN PORTION OF BUILDING, FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE TO MACHINERY ROOM, LOOKING WEST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

208

18. SOUTHWEST TO CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. CO. PUNCH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. SOUTHWEST TO CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. CO. PUNCH PRESS, CIRCA 1910 'THE RACINE' RECIPROCATING HACK SAW, AND CIRCA 1900 SNAG GRINDER NEAR CENTER OF FACTORY BUILDING. AT THE RIGHT ARE THREE WHEELED WORK STATIONS. THE LINE SHAFT WITH BELTS AND PULLEYS FOR OPERATING MACHINERY IS VISIBLE IN THE RIGHT BACKGROUND. - Kregel Windmill Company Factory, 1416 Central Avenue, Nebraska City, Otoe County, NE

209

46 CFR 58.01-40 - Machinery, angles of inclination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-40 Machinery, angles...and including 15°, and when the vessel is inclined under dynamic conditions (rolling) at any angle of list up to and...

2013-10-01

210

Active Balancing and Vibration Control of Rotating Machinery: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vibration suppression of rotating machinery is an important engineering problem. In this paper, a review of the research work performed in real-time active balanc- ing and active vibration control for rotating machinery, as well as the research work on dynamic modeling and analy- sis techniques of rotor systems, is presented. The basic methodology and a brief assessment of major difficulties

Shiyu Zhou; Jianjun Shi

2001-01-01

211

SUGGESTED PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING FARM MACHINERY COSTS FOR EXTENSION AUDIENCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

North Central Farm Machinery Task Force is a group of extension economists who evaluated alternative methods for estimating farm machinery costs and made recommendations for the development of extension materials. This paper describes the procedures agreed upon, and explains the rationale for the procedures chosen. The focus is on \\

William F. Lazarus; Roger A. Selley

2001-01-01

212

Machinery Management. FMO: Fundamentals of Machine Operation. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is intended to provide a basic understanding of selecting, maintaining, and managing farm machinery. The following topics are covered in the individual chapters: dealing with typical problems in farm machinery management; measuring machine capacity; improving field efficiency; matching machine size and capacity; estimating power…

Bowers, Wendell

213

Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

V P Bhatia; G P Katiyar; K N Agarwal; T K Das; P K Dey

1980-01-01

214

Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson

1989-01-01

215

What midwives need to know about baby massage.  

PubMed

Baby massage has become increasingly popular in the West among parents and healthcare practitioners alike, with numerous studies continuing to hail the benefits of taking time to massage and bond with your baby. Newborn and infant massage is of particular interest to midwives in their primary role, helping families to bond and heal the pain of traumatic births, but now many midwives are offering baby massage sessions privately in their spare time also. Here's the low down. PMID:23082398

MacDonald, Cheryl

2012-09-01

216

Selected US farm machinery market characteristics and their implications for the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trends in farm machinery use suggest the US farm machinery market is a replacement market. Moreover, since 1960, the price of machinery has risen relative to prices for other production inputs. Econometric analysis suggests that higher relative machinery prices encourage input substitution. Thus, relative price trends should be a major concern to the machinery industry. The analysis also suggests that

Carl Zulauf; Gary D. Schnitkey

1989-01-01

217

Migration of bisphenol A from plastic baby bottles, baby bottle liners and reusable polycarbonate drinking bottles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has recently received special attention. It has been shown that exposure to BPA may occur through the consumption of beverages or foods that have been in contact with polycarbonate (PC) plastic containers or epoxy resins in food packaging. A BPA migration study was conducted using a variety of plastic containers, including polycarbonate baby bottles,

C. Kubwabo; I. Kosarac; B. Stewart; B. R. Gauthier; K. Lalonde; P. J. Lalonde

2009-01-01

218

Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to

Guadalupe Ortega; Cristina Castellà; Carlos Martín-Cantera; Jose L Ballvé; Estela Díaz; Marc Saez; Juan Lozano; Lourdes Rofes; Concepció Morera; Antònia Barceló; Carmen Cabezas; Jose A Pascual; Raúl Pérez-Ortuño; Esteve Saltó; Araceli Valverde; Mireia Jané

2010-01-01

219

Baby Minds: Brain-Building Games Your Baby Will Love. Birth to Age Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research points to the inborn abilities of infants and shows how early experiences influence cognitive skills. This book presents activities for parents and their infants--building on activities babies instinctively love--to develop their unique abilities. The book is organized around six intellectual skills: (1) problem solving; (2)…

Acredolo, Linda; Goodwyn, Susan

220

[Outcome after a shaken baby syndrome].  

PubMed

The Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is a severe inflicted brain injury due to an adult violently shaking an infant. Diagnostic guidelines have been recently published by the "Haute Autorité de santé". The mortality rate after SBS is 21.6 % and the long-term outcome is good for only 8 to 36 % patients followed over more than 5 years. The aim of this article is to describe sequelae after a SBS, their mechanisms, prognostic factors and recommendations for a better long-term care of the patients. PMID:23466403

Lind, K; Laurent-Vannier, A; Toure, H; Brugel, D-G; Chevignard, M

2013-04-01

221

Epilepsy associated with shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Object  The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is an important cause of developmental delay in infants. Epileptic seizures are a common feature\\u000a of this syndrome. The aim if this study is to analyse the impact of the early and late seizures disorder.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  We have retrospectively reviewed the clinical and electrophysiological findings in a series of 404 children hospitalised with\\u000a SBS.

Marie Bourgeois; Federico Di Rocco; Matthew Garnett; Brigitte Charron; Nathalie Boddaert; Christine Soufflet; Thomas Roujeau; Michel Zerah; Christian Sainte-Rose; Perrine Plouin; Dominique Renier

2008-01-01

222

Traumatic brain injury and shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Shaken baby syndrome is a serious form of physical child abuse, which is frequently overlooked. It is defined as vigorous manual shaking of an infant who is being held by the extremities or shoulders, leading to whiplash-induced intracranial and intraocular bleeding and no external signs of head trauma. This syndrome is seen most commonly in children under 2 years, mainly in children under 6 months. This article summarizes issues related to clinical presentation, diagnosis, risk factors, and interventions for healthcare professionals. PMID:22525633

Paiva, Wellingson S; Soares, Matheus S; Amorim, Robson L O; de Andrade, A Ferreira; Matushita, Hamilton; Teixeira, Manoel J

2011-01-01

223

Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.

2014-05-01

224

Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... f InteliHealth Medical Content 2011-08-14 Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby If you decide to have the baby, you should take care of yourself and your growing baby. There's a ...

225

The intraflagellar transport machinery of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.  

PubMed

First discovered in the green alga, Chlamydomonas, intraflagellar transport (IFT) is the bidirectional movement of protein particles along the length of eukaryotic cilia and flagella. Composed of approximately 16 different proteins, IFT particles are moved out to the distal tip of the organelle by kinesin-II and are brought back to the cell body by cytoplasmic dynein 1b. Mutant analysis of the IFT motor and particle proteins using diverse organisms has revealed a conserved and essential role for IFT in the assembly and maintenance of cilia and flagella. IFT is thought to mediate this assembly through the delivery of axonemal precursors out to the distal tip of the growing organelle. Consistent with this model, the IFT particle proteins are rich in protein-protein binding motifs, suggesting that the particles may act as scaffolds for the binding of multiple cargoes. With most of the IFT proteins now identified at the level of the gene, this review will briefly examine both the structure and function of the IFT machinery of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. PMID:12795688

Cole, Douglas G

2003-07-01

226

Global Design Optimization for Fluid Machinery Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent experiences in utilizing the global optimization methodology, based on polynomial and neural network techniques for fluid machinery design are summarized. Global optimization methods can utilize the information collected from various sources and by different tools. These methods offer multi-criterion optimization, handle the existence of multiple design points and trade-offs via insight into the entire design space can easily perform tasks in parallel, and are often effective in filtering the noise intrinsic to numerical and experimental data. Another advantage is that these methods do not need to calculate the sensitivity of each design variable locally. However, a successful application of the global optimization method needs to address issues related to data requirements with an increase in the number of design variables and methods for predicting the model performance. Examples of applications selected from rocket propulsion components including a supersonic turbine and an injector element and a turbulent flow diffuser are used to illustrate the usefulness of the global optimization method.

Shyy, Wei; Papila, Nilay; Tucker, Kevin; Vaidyanathan, Raj; Griffin, Lisa

2000-01-01

227

Economic Census 1997: Manufacturing, Industry Series. Printing Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is about a U.S. industry consisting of establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing printing and bookbinding machinery and equipment, such as printing presses, typesetting machinery, and bindery machinery.

1999-01-01

228

46 CFR 91.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 91.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2013-10-01

229

46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. 167.15-25 Section...15-25 Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. Except as otherwise...regarding the construction of hulls, boilers and machinery in effect on the...

2013-10-01

230

46 CFR 189.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 189.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2013-10-01

231

46 CFR 71.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 71.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2013-10-01

232

49 CFR 393.130 - What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery? ...What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery? ...apply to the transportation of heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery...

2010-10-01

233

49 CFR 393.130 - What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery? ...What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery? ...apply to the transportation of heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery...

2009-10-01

234

Infant and Newborn Care  

MedlinePLUS

... too. Newborns have many needs, like frequent feedings and diaper changes. Babies can have health issues that are different from older children and adults, like diaper rash and cradle cap. Your ...

235

Hazards of baby walkers in a European context  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS:

E. Petridou; E. Simou; C. Skondras; G. Pistevos; P. Lagos; G. Papoutsakis

1996-01-01

236

Better Baby Care: A Book for Family Day Care Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A resource for child caregivers providing family day care for infants and toddlers, this book is designed to provide information and suggestions in a format that is easy to follow, and in language that is easy to read. Chapter 1 gives tips on "baby-proofing" the home, as well as ideas for toys, equipment, and how to integrate a baby into the…

Nash, Margaret; Tate, Costella

237

Baby Boom Equals Career Bust. Monographs on Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting the Baby Boom (1946-1965) as both a potential social problem and opportunity for American leadership, this monograph discusses the following aspects of this population concern: (1) its immediate and long-term impact on career opportunities for those college graduates who make up the baby boom generation; (2) its impact on those whose…

Moore, Charles Guy

238

Seasonal variations in the incidence of suspected shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A retrospective review of cases at a level I pediatric trauma center from 1995 through 1999 was conducted to identify cases of suspected shaken baby syndrome. Cases were included if the primary diagnosis was associated with shaken baby syndrome, such as retinal hemorrhage or subdural hematoma. The daily temperature and month of admission were evaluated to identify possible seasonal variations

Sandra E. Daly; Susan M. Connor

2001-01-01

239

Temperature monitoring and control in the newborn baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of keeping the newborn baby warm has been known for centuries but worldwide in the 21st century hypothermia remains a major contributor to neonatal mortality. Although less of a problem in high income countries there is evidence that low temperatures have an impact on outcome at vulnerable times, particularly in the baby born preterm. It is clear that

Yvonne Freer; Andrew Lyon

240

Building relationships within the Russian Toys& Baby-Goods Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the paper is to analyze the case of building relationships within the Russian toys & baby-goods industry. After all the macroeconomic and political changes of the past decades in Russia, the industry was heavily damaged. At the beginning of the decade Russian toys & baby-goods producers seemed to have no competitive advantages at all. Their market share

Marina Sheresheva

241

Societal Trends: The Aging Baby Boom and Women's Increased Independence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The two most important societal trends today are the aging baby boom and womens increased independence. This paper compares the travel profiles of women aged 40 to 49 (early baby boomers) with women aged 75 and over and with men aged 75 and over (parents ...

D. Spain

1997-01-01

242

Reliability of cardiotocography in predicting baby's condition at birth.  

PubMed Central

A prospective study of 6825 labours was undertaken to determine the relation between the Apgar scores of the babies at one minute and the cardiotocograph tracing in labour. The sensitivity of an abnormal tracing was 35.2% for babies who needed intermittent positive pressure ventilation and 20.0% for babies who did not but who had Apgar scores of less than 7. The sensitivity of an abnormal tracing for all babies with an Apgar score of less than 7 was 23.2%. The positive predictive value of an abnormal tracing was 8.7% for babies who needed intermittent positive pressure ventilation and 18.7% for babies who did not but who had an Apgar score of less than 7. The positive predictive value of an abnormal tracing was 27.4% for all babies with an Apgar score of less than 7. The specificity of the tracing was 93.4% for babies with an Apgar score of 7 or over. The relatively high incidence of false positive predictions might be explained on the grounds that abnormalities in the cardiotocograph tracing are a more sensitive indicator of hypoxia than the Apgar score. False negative predictions might have been due to adverse factors other than hypoxia--for example, fetal trauma, compression of the head, infection, and analgesia in labour. These findings suggest that the current overdependence on fetal monitoring by cardiotocography alone should be examined and that other reliable indicators for non-hypoxic fetal distress should be sought.

Curzen, P; Bekir, J S; McLintock, D G; Patel, M

1984-01-01

243

Baby Care Basics: What Every Infant Caregiver Needs To Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on caring for infants in a child care setting. Suggestions include responding quickly to crying, setting the schedule to baby's pace, talking to the baby, using proper hand-washing procedures, checking the room daily for safety, going outdoors every day, and building partnerships with parents. Includes a sample form for…

Texas Child Care, 2002

2002-01-01

244

Motivations of Baby Boomer Doctoral Learners: A Grounded Theory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop a substantive theory of the motivations of Baby Boomer doctoral learners, using the grounded theory approach. These Baby Boomers possess a wealth of wisdom. Their experiences, coupled with educational credentials, could take their leadership abilities to the next level. The grounded theory method developed by…

Williams, Julia J.

2009-01-01

245

Early Mother/Baby Contact: Consequences/Implications for Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the effect of early mother-infant proximity on later stress and behavior, two studies were made which involved a sample of mother-baby pairs that was larger than samples utilized in previous studies. In Study 1, involving 300 consecutive mother-baby couples at the Maternity Hospital in Plymouth, England clinical medical officers used a…

Vorster, de Wet

246

Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women.  

PubMed

Ethologist Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema ("Kindchenschema") as a set of infantile physical features, such as round face and big eyes, that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in the human, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. The neural basis of this fundamental altruistic instinct is not well understood. Prior studies reported a pattern of brain response to pictures of children, but did not dissociate the brain response to baby schema from the response to children. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging and controlled manipulation of the baby schema in infant faces, we found that baby schema activates the nucleus accumbens, a key structure of the mesocorticolimbic system mediating reward processing and appetitive motivation, in nulliparous women. Our findings suggest that engagement of the mesocorticolimbic system is the neurophysiologic mechanism by which baby schema promotes human caregiving, regardless of kinship. PMID:19451625

Glocker, Melanie L; Langleben, Daniel D; Ruparel, Kosha; Loughead, James W; Valdez, Jeffrey N; Griffin, Mark D; Sachser, Norbert; Gur, Ruben C

2009-06-01

247

Navigation of Construction and Agriculture Machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last two decades terrestrial and global 3D measurement sensors in the field of engineering geodesy have seen a significant upturn. With modern measurement techniques, a 3D trajectory of a moving object can be determined within a few centimetres (mostly with Global Navigation Satellite Systems, GNSS), under certain circumstances and with an overall understanding of the applied method accuracies of within 5 to 10 millimetres can be achieved (tracking total station). New application areas have been now created in the fields of construction, mining and agriculture. The guidance or control of heavy machinery demands a navigation sensor with an appropriate measurement rate and accuracy, as well as stable and reliable performance. The 3D position, together with the orientation as well as the long and cross inclination information is hereby just one part of the absolute machine guidance or control unit. Data collection, verification, management and interaction of the position information with the 6 degrees of freedom, together and the machine controller, are needed for the overall system. Rotation ring sensors for height control or height guidance are well-known amongst construction jobs and have been in use for more than 20 years. The first GPS-based guidance system for yield mapping was used 15 years ago (Auernhammer 1995). Optimization and improvements in efficiency are the principal reasons for the current developments in the area of 3D-based machine control and guidance. This paper will describe the state-of-the-art and general approaches as well as the real-time 3D measurement techniques in construction and agriculture environment.

Stempfhuber, Werner

2008-09-01

248

21. Detail of remains of machinery house viewed from below ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Detail of remains of machinery house viewed from below anchor-span deck, showing drawspan cable running back to the winding drum of the winch; view to northeast. - Summer Street Bridge, Spanning Reserved Channel, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

249

5. INTERIOR VIEW, SHOWING TEST MACHINERY IN FOREGROUND AND CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR VIEW, SHOWING TEST MACHINERY IN FOREGROUND AND CONTROL ROOM IN BACKGROUND. - Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Area B, Building 20, Propeller Laboratory, Northwest corner of Seventh & E Streets, Dayton, Montgomery County, OH

250

17. VIEW, LOOKING WEST, SHOWING BRIDGE MACHINERY HOUSE ON FIXED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. VIEW, LOOKING WEST, SHOWING BRIDGE MACHINERY HOUSE ON FIXED SPAN - New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, Groton Bridge, Spanning Thames River between New London & Groton, New London, New London County, CT

251

95. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING, SPAN 1, DETAILS OF TURNTABLE MACHINERY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

95. PHOTOCOPY OF DRAWING, SPAN 1, DETAILS OF TURNTABLE MACHINERY, 3/4' and 1 1/2' = 1' (CENTER CONE, RADIAL STRUT RING, TRACK, ROLLERS, PINION GEARS) - Keokuk & Hamilton Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River, Keokuk, Lee County, IA

252

Industry Subsector Analysis, Venezuela: Plastic Machinery and Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Machinery imports by the Venezuelan plastics industry, although reduced compared to previous years, appear to have stabilized and to be making a modest comeback. Since the market opened to imports of finished plastic products in 1989, the industry has bee...

E. P. Simai

1993-01-01

253

Profiling the power usage of industrial machinery by ANN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neural networks can provide an effective way for profiling a plant, if conditions are accurately sampled and data properly collected. In this paper we investigate such an approach, considering a textile finishing machinery named rameuse as experimental context.

Stefano Ierace; Pasquale Marinaro; Pasquale Tatavitto; Luigi Troiano

2010-01-01

254

7. Detail, machinery shed atop east portal of Tunnel 28, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Detail, machinery shed atop east portal of Tunnel 28, showing shaft and pulley system, 210mm lens with electronic flash fill. - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Tunnel No. 28, Milepost 134.75, Applegate, Placer County, CA

255

26. DETAIL OF HEADGATE HOIST MACHINERY, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. DETAIL OF HEADGATE HOIST MACHINERY, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

256

Building, roof, with machinery penthouses on left and harbor control ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Building, roof, with machinery penthouses on left and harbor control tower on right. Camera facing south - Naval Supply Center, Broadway Complex, Warehouse, 911 West Broadway, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

257

11. AUXILIARY MOTOR AT CENTER OF MACHINERY ROOM INSIDE DRUM. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. AUXILIARY MOTOR AT CENTER OF MACHINERY ROOM INSIDE DRUM. OIL CUP TO MAIN CENTER BEARING BELOW. - Burlington Northern Railroad Bridge, Spanning Willamette River at River Mile 6.9, Portland, Multnomah County, OR

258

39. TAINTER GATE VALVES, OPERATING MACHINERY, AND VALVE ASSEMBLED AUXILIARY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

39. TAINTER GATE VALVES, OPERATING MACHINERY, AND VALVE ASSEMBLED AUXILIARY LOCK. January 1932 - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 15, Upper Mississipi River (Arsenal Island), Rock Island, Rock Island County, IL

259

20. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK AT CENTRAL CONCRETE SUPPORT PEDESTAL, SHOWING DRIVE GEARS, ELECTRIC MOTOR AND STEEL BEAMS (taken in January 1984) - Sharptown Bridge, Spanning Nanticoke River, State Route 313, Sharptown, Wicomico County, MD

260

23. VIEW OF LE CLAIRE LOCK (19211925), SHOWING OPERATING MACHINERY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. VIEW OF LE CLAIRE LOCK (1921-1925), SHOWING OPERATING MACHINERY, DOWSTREAM GATES, UPSTREAM SIDE - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 14, Upper Mississippi River, Le Claire, Scott County, IA

261

46 CFR 42.15-35 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...equivalent covers, permanently attached in their proper positions. (b) Coamings of any fiddley, funnel, or machinery space ventilators in an exposed position on the freeboard or superstructure deck shall be as high above the deck as is reasonable and...

2013-10-01

262

Impact of electric towers on farm machinery operations  

SciTech Connect

A special program has been prepared to evaluate land and time lost in the operation of farm machinery around electric towers. Various parameters involved in such a study are described. Applications to various farm productions are also shown. 10 refs.

Fortin, J.M.; Vigneault, C.

1981-01-01

263

Precision optical angular position marker system for rotating machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An optical system is described which generates one or more markers of the angular shaft position of rotating machinery. The system consists of a light source, an optical cable, a machinery mounted lens assembly, a light detector, and a signal conditioner. Light reflected by targets on the rotor is converted to a digital output signal. The system is highly immune to extreme environments of vibration and temperature and achieved a 0.002 percent precision under operational test conditions.

Barranger, J. P.

1983-01-01

264

[Baby with respiratory problems and cardiac arrest].  

PubMed

A ten-month-old girl was admitted to hospital with respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. Her condition deteriorated the following day, and she presented with symptoms of inspiratory stridor, facial palsy and ventricular fibrillation. She was resuscitated and intubated, and a normal spinal puncture was performed. Further investigation revealed areflexia, general hypotonia and reduced ejection fraction. Neurophysiological investigation showed long F-response, and renewed cerebrospinal fluid testing showed albuminocytologic dissociation, both typical signs of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP). Antitoxin was administered to the baby on suspicion of botulism, but immunological and microbiological testing ruled out infectious aetiology. She showed rapid improvement after i.v. immunoglobulin therapy, and was completely restituted/recovered 6 months after the incident. PMID:22353838

Greve-Isdahl, Finn; Holmaas, Gunhild; Vedeler, Christian A

2012-02-21

265

Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure  

SciTech Connect

After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

2007-12-20

266

The baby Skyrme models and their multi-skyrmions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyse the structure of minimal-energy solutions of the baby Skyrme model for any topological charge n; the baby multi-skyrmions. Unlike in the (3+1)D nuclear Skyrme model, a potential term must be present in the (2+1)D baby Skyrme model to ensure stability. The form of this potential term has a crucial effect on the existence and structure of baby multi-skyrmions. The simplest holomorphic baby Skyrme model has no known stable minimal-energy solution for n greater than one. The other baby Skyrme model studied in the literature possesses non-radially-symmetric minimal-energy configurations that look like `skyrmion lattices' formed by skyrmions with n = 2. We discuss a baby Skyrme model with a potential that has two vacua. Surprisingly, the minimal-energy solution for every n is radially symmetric and the energy grows linearly for large n. Further, these multi-skyrmions are tighter bound, have less energy and the same large r behaviour than in the model with one vaccum. We rely on numerical studies and approximations to test and verify this observation.

Weidig, Tom

1999-11-01

267

Baby Skyrme models for a class of potentials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider a class of (2+1)-dimensional baby Skyrme models with potentials that have more than one vacuum. These potentials are generalizations of the old and new baby Skyrme models in that they involve a more complicated dependence on ?3 (V(?3)?0). The boundary conditions are such that ?3 = 1 corresponds to the vacuum and ?3 = -1 at the position of each skyrmion. We find that when the potential vanishes at ?3 = -1 the configurations corresponding to the baby skyrmions lying `on top of each other' are the minima of the energy. However, when V(?3 = -1)&\

Eslami, Parvin; Sarbishaei, Mohsen; Zakrzewski, Wojtek

2000-09-01

268

Operational safety practices as determinants of machinery-related injury on Saskatchewan farms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural machinery is a major source of injury on farms. The importance of machinery safety practices as potential determinants of injury remains incompletely understood. We examined two such safety practices as risk factors for injury: (1) the presence of safety devices on machinery and (2) low levels of routine machinery maintenance. Our data source was the Saskatchewan Farm Injury Cohort

Gopinath R. Narasimhan; Yingwei Peng; Trever G. Crowe; Louise Hagel; James Dosman; William Pickett

2010-01-01

269

The Design of Farm Machinery Statistics Management System Based on Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The farm machinery statistics is an important task of the farm machinery management, agricultural machinery statistics will provide the main basis for decision-making. With the development of computer technology, the use of advanced software technology and network technology can change the traditional agricultural machinery statistical methods. So, three tasks has done in this paper. First, the present situation of the

Li Hua; Yin Wenqing; Qi Xindan

2008-01-01

270

Mining Machinery/Equipment/Parts/Services. Oil and Gas Field Equipment/Machinery/Parts/Supplies (Brazil). Oil and Gas Field Machinery, November 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Brazilian market for oil and gasfield machinery reached approximately $938 million in 1989, of which about $86 million were supplied by imports. The market may reach $2.6 billion by 1993, if indeed the Government of Brazil approves an annual investmen...

1990-01-01

271

Increased migration levels of bisphenol A from polycarbonate baby bottles after dishwashing, boiling and brushing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby bottles are often made of polycarbonate plastic. Impurities remaining in the bottle from the monomer bisphenol A can migrate from the plastic bottles into baby food, thereby causing a health concern. Previous migration testing of new baby bottles showed only trace migration levels of the substance. In the present work, polycarbonate baby bottles were subjected to simulated use by

C. Brede; P. Fjeldal; I. Skjevrak; H. Herikstad

2003-01-01

272

Development of the Farm Machinery Statistical Management System Based on Web  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The farm machinery statistics is an important task of the farm machinery management, the statistics of farm machinery in Jiangsu Province are very wide. Improving the working of statistical analyses by advanced computer technology, enhancing the efficiency, is a topic which the farm machinery superintendent and the scientific and technical worker explore continuously. The present situation of the farm machinery statistics management informationization was analyzed .Mainly, the status of the farm machinery statistics management in Jiangsu Province was investigated. Subsequently, the farm machinery statistics management system based on the Web database was developed and the introduction on main function of the system was made.

Qi, Xindan; Li, Hua; Yin, Wenqing

273

DEVELOPMENT OF THE FARM MACHINERY STATISTICAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BASED ON WEB  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The farm machinery statistics is an important task of the farm machinery management, the statistics of farm machinery in Jiangsu\\u000a Province are very wide. Improving the working of statistical analyses by advanced computer technology, enhancing the efficiency,\\u000a is a topic which the farm machinery superintendent and the scientific and technical worker explore continuously. The present\\u000a situation of the farm machinery

Xindan Qi; Hua Li; Wenqing Yin

2009-01-01

274

Time to Eat! What Will You Feed Your Baby?  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... register. I'm interested in: Pregnancy Baby growth & care Research Volunteer opportunities Advocacy in government For health ... acid During your pregnancy Your pregnant body Prenatal care Eating and nutrition Physical activity Emotional and life ...

275

Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... same groups that recommend babies get vaccinated against whooping cough (pertussis), measles, tetanus, polio, and other serious diseases. Why ... B, many of these diseases such as rotavirus, whooping cough, and meningitis can result in severe illness, hospitalization, ...

276

About Kids' Teeth: Baby Tooth Decay is Real  

MedlinePLUS

... Tooth Decay Thumb sucking Prevent Decay Nutrition Baby Tooth Decay Is Real As soon as teeth appear in ... news – decay is mostly preventable . What Are Cavities? Causes of Decay Tooth decay begins when cavity- ...

277

What Should I Do After My Baby Is Born?  

MedlinePLUS

... Scientific Research Planning Scientific Resources Research What should I do after my baby is born? Skip sharing ... t increase your risk of developing diabetes. Can I breastfeed 2 even though I have gestational diabetes? ...

278

Baby 'Sleep Machines' Could Damage Hearing, Study Suggests  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Baby 'Sleep Machines' Could Damage Hearing, Study Suggests Keep volume ... March 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Some of the "sleep machines" marketed to soothe infants seem capable of ...

279

Hypermethioninaemia and 3-Hydroxyisobutyric aciduria in an apparently healthy baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

An apparently healthy baby with persistent hypermethioninaemia excretes increased amounts of 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, 3-hydroxypropionate, -aminoisobutyrate and -alanine. A defect in the oxidation of methylmalonic and malonic semialdehydes is proposed but the cause of the hypermethioninaemia is obscure.

P. J. Congdon; D. Haigh; R. Smith; Anne Green; R. J. Pollitt

1981-01-01

280

Obesity Linked to Increased Odds of Losing Baby, Study Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Obesity Linked to Increased Odds of Losing Baby, Study ... Related MedlinePlus Pages Health Problems in Pregnancy Miscarriage Obesity TUESDAY, April 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Women who ...

281

Improving Baby Caring with Automatic Infant Cry Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Babies are human beings who cannot satisfy their necessities by themselves, they completely depend of cares and attentions\\u000a by adults. The cry is the natural media babies use to express their needs. Several studies have demonstrated that cry is a\\u000a useful tool to determine the different emotional and physiological states from an infant, and in addition to make medical\\u000a diagnoses

Sandra E. Barajas-Montiel; Carlos A. Reyes-García; Emilio Arch-Tirado; Mario Mandujano

282

Diffusion-weighted MRI in shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the characteristic CT and MRI findings of a 2-month-old girl with shaken baby syndrome. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging performed 8 days after the insult established the presence of injury to the white matter in the corpus callosum and subcortical white matter in the temporo-occipito-parietal region. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging is valuable in the diagnostic work-up of suspected shaken baby syndrome,

Yu-Leung Chan; Winnie C. W. Chu; Gary W. K. Wong; David K. W. Yeung

2003-01-01

283

Modelling macroscopic and baby universes by fundamental strings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a model of $(1+1)$-dimensional parent and baby universes as macroscopic and microscopic fundamental closed strings. We argue, on the basis of understanding of strings from the point of view of target $D$-dimensional space-time, that processes involving baby universes/wormholes not only induce $c$-number "$\\alpha$-parameters" in $(1+1)d$ action, but also lead to loss of quantum coherence for a $(1+1)d$ observer in the parent universe.

Rubakov, V. A.

1995-02-01

284

[Shaken baby syndrome: which lesions in imaging ?].  

PubMed

Non-accidental brain trauma (also called shaken baby syndrome) represent the main cause for morbidity and mortality in the context of child abuse. It often occur in young infants aged less than 8months. The shaking leading to brain injuries are very violent and sometimes associated with a final impact. Intracranial injuries may be isolated without skeletal trauma or bruising. In any suspicion of such a diagnosis, emergency hospitalization is indicated. Brain CT, easy to perform in emergency, is the diagnostic key. It discloses diffuse subdural hematomas in typical sites as vertex, interhemispheric space and tentorium. There is no clear background of trauma and the related story is changing over time. The 3D analysis of the skull looks for signs of recent impact as a fracture that is sometimes complex and/or a soft tissue swelling of the scalp. Intraparenchymal injuries (contusions, tearing, and overall anoxic ischemic injuries) are better analyzed with MRI. The prognosis depends on their extent. Ophtalmologic examination is systematically performed looking for retinal hemorrhages (around one third of cases) which may be very subtle. Bruising is a major diagnostic sign, but inconstantly present. A precise datation of skeletal and/or brain injuries is not possible with imaging and the only indication of use is to establish the presence of "age different lesions". This indicates repeated trauma and thereby a high risk of recurrence. PMID:22884748

Adamsbaum, C; Husson, B

2012-09-01

285

Power outages, power externalities, and baby booms.  

PubMed

Determining whether power outages have significant fertility effects is an important policy question in developing countries, where blackouts are common and modern forms of family planning are scarce. Using birth records from Zanzibar, this study shows that a month-long blackout in 2008 caused a significant increase in the number of births 8 to 10 months later. The increase was similar across villages that had electricity, regardless of the level of electrification; villages with no electricity connections saw no changes in birth numbers. The large fertility increase in communities with very low levels of electricity suggests that the outage affected the fertility of households not connected to the grid through some spillover effect. Whether the baby boom is likely to translate to a permanent increase in the population remains unclear, but this article highlights an important hidden consequence of power instability in developing countries. It also suggests that electricity imposes significant externality effects on rural populations that have little exposure to it. PMID:25007970

Burlando, Alfredo

2014-08-01

286

Structural analyses of the pre-mRNA splicing machinery  

PubMed Central

Pre-mRNA splicing is a critical event in the gene expression pathway of all eukaryotes. The splicing reaction is catalyzed by the spliceosome, a huge protein-RNA complex that contains five snRNAs and hundreds of different protein factors. Understanding the structure of this large molecular machinery is critical for understanding its function. Although the highly dynamic nature of the spliceosome, in both composition and conformation, posed daunting challenges to structural studies, there has been significant recent progress on structural analyses of the splicing machinery, using electron microscopy, crystallography, and nuclear magnetic resonance. This review discusses key recent findings in the structural analyses of the spliceosome and its components and how these findings advance our understanding of the function of the splicing machinery.

Zhang, Lingdi; Li, Xueni; Zhao, Rui

2013-01-01

287

FOREWORD: 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, will be held in Beijing, China, 19-23 August 2012. It is jointly organized by Tsinghua University, State Key Laboratory of Hydro Science and Hydraulic Engineering, China, Jiangsu University, Xi'an University of Technology, China Agricultural University, National Engineering Research Center of Hydropower Equipment and Dongfang Electric Machinery Co., Ltd. It is the second time that China hosts such a symposium. By the end of 2011, the China electrical power system had a total of 1 050 GW installed power, out of which 220 GW was in hydropower plants. The energy produced in hydropower facilities was 662.6 TWh from a total of 4,720 TWh electrical energy production in 2011. Moreover, in 2020, new hydropower capacities are going to be developed, with a total of 180 GW installed power and an estimated 708 TWh/year energy production. And in 2011, the installed power of pumped storage stations was about 25GW. In 2020, the data will be 70GW. At the same time, the number of pumps used in China is increasing rapidly. China produces about 29,000,000 pumps with more than 220 series per year. By the end of 2011, the Chinese pumping system has a total of 950 GW installed power. The energy consumed in pumping facilities was 530 TWh in 2011. The pump energy consumption accounted for about 12% of the national electrical energy production. Therefore, there is a large market in the field of hydraulic machinery including water turbines, pump turbines and a variety of pumps in China. There are also many research projects in this field. For example, we have conducted National Key Research Projects on 1000 MW hydraulic turbine, and on the pump turbines with high head, as well as on the large capacity pumps for water supply. Tsinghua University of Beijing is proud to host the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems. Tsinghua University was established in 1911, after the founding of the People's Republic of China. It was molded into a polytechnic institute focusing on engineering in the nationwide restructuring of universities and colleges undertaken in 1952. At present, the university has 14 schools and 56 departments with faculties in science, engineering, humanities, law, medicine, history, philosophy, economics, management, education and art. The University now has over 25 900 students, including 13 100 undergraduates and 12 800 graduate students. As one of China's most renowned universities, Tsinghua has become an important institution for fostering talents and scientific research. The International Association of Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR) particularly promotes the advancement and exchange of knowledge through working groups, specialty symposia, congresses, and publications on water resources, river and coastal hydraulics, risk analysis, energy, environment, disaster prevention, and industrial processes. The IAHR Committee on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems deals with the advancement of technology associated with the understanding of steady and unsteady flow characteristics in hydraulic machinery and conduit systems connected to the machinery. The technology elements include the fluid behaviour within machine components, hydro-elastic behaviour of machine components, cavitation and two phase flow in turbines and pumps, hydraulic machine and plant control systems, the use of hydraulic machines to improve water quality, and even considerations to improve fish survival in their passage through hydro plants. The main emphases of the IAHR Committee on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are to stimulate research and understanding of the technologies associated with hydraulic machinery and to promote interaction between the machine designers, machine users, the academic community, and the community as a whole. Hydraulic machinery is both cost effective and environmentally friendly. The goals of the IAHR Committee on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are to improve the value of hydraulic machinery to the end user, to the societies, and to improve societies u

Wu, Yulin; Wang, Zhengwei; Liu, Shuhong; Yuan, Shouqi; Luo, Xingqi; Wang, Fujun

2012-11-01

288

39. REBUILT ENGINES AND WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of December 1906 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

39. REBUILT ENGINES AND WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of December 1906 photograph of the steam engines and winding machinery at the Washington and Mason Street powerhouse. View towards west. United Railroads of San Francisco rebuilt the damaged engines and winders shown in CA-12-60 and CA-12-61. There are no cables strung over the winders in this photograph, indicating that the firm had yet to resume service. Note the rough shed erected over the engines to protect them from weather while work continued on the reconstruction of the powerhouse. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

289

Rub failure signature analysis for large rotating machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many cases rub failure in large rotating machinery may produce noise in certain bandwidths known as coloured noise. It is difficult to diagnose rub failure between rotating and stationary parts using only ordinary FFT spectra or autoregressive spectra. In this paper, a new technique combining principal components analysis and autoregressive spectra (PCAT) is introduced. This technique can reasonably estimate the spectra and determine the chief characteristic parameter of the coloured noise. A successful example of rub failure analysis given in this paper shows that PCAT is an efficient method for use with large rotating machinery.

Zhengjia, He; Yudi, Sheng; Liangsheng, Qu

1990-09-01

290

MicroRNA Machinery Genes as Novel Biomarkers for Cancer  

PubMed Central

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) directly and indirectly affect tumorigenesis. To be able to perform their myriad roles, miRNA machinery genes, such as Drosha, DGCR8, Dicer1, XPO5, TRBP, and AGO2, must generate precise miRNAs. These genes have specific expression patterns, protein-binding partners, and biochemical capabilities in different cancers. Our preliminary analysis of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas consortium on multiple types of cancer revealed significant alterations in these miRNA machinery genes. Here, we review their biological structures and functions with an eye toward understanding how they could serve as cancer biomarkers.

Huang, Jing-Tao; Wang, Jin; Srivastava, Vibhuti; Sen, Subrata; Liu, Song-Mei

2014-01-01

291

Origins of the machinery of recombination and sex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mutation plays the primary role in evolution that Weismann mistakenly attributed to sex. Homologous recombination, as in sex, is important for population genetics – shuffling of minor variants, but relatively insignificant for large-scale evolution. Major evolutionary innovations depend much more on illegitimate recombination, which makes novel genes by gene duplication and by gene chimaerisation – essentially mutational forces. The machinery

T Cavalier-smith

2002-01-01

292

33. EAST ABUTMENT, VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY SMALL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. EAST ABUTMENT, VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY - SMALL GEAR IS IDENTIFIED AS 'C' - LARGE GEAR IS 'B' REFER TO GEARING DIAGRAMS - STRAUSS SHEET #15 FOR POWER TRAIN RELATIONSHIPS - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

293

Venezuela Market Survey for Construction and Mining Machinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Venezuela for construction and mining machinery; to examine growth trends in Venezuelan end-user industries over the next few years; to identify specific produ...

1978-01-01

294

26. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Layout of Hauling Machinery, Building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Layout of Hauling Machinery, Building 24, 1917. Photographic copy of original. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yark. BOSTS 13439, #551-15 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Marine Railway, Between Piers 2 & 3, on Charlestown Waterfront at west end of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

295

23. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Details of Hauling Machinery, 1917. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Details of Hauling Machinery, 1917. Photographic copy of original. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. BOSTS 13439, #551-7 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Marine Railway, Between Piers 2 & 3, on Charlestown Waterfront at west end of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

296

APPLICATION OF WAVELET TRANSFORM TO DETECT FAULTS IN ROTATING MACHINERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of fault diagnostic in rotating machinery is vast, including the diagnosis of items such as rotating shafts, rolling element bearings, couplings, gears and so on. The different types of faults that are observed in these areas and the methods of their diagnosis are accordingly great, including vibration analysis, model-based techniques, statistical analysis and artificial intelligence techniques. However, they

Robson Pederiva

297

COURSE OUTLINE FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVE OF THE 16-MODULE COURSE OUTLINED IN THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE FORMER FARMERS, HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS AND GRADUATES, AND UNEMPLOYED, AND EMPLOYED PERSONS FOR OCCUPATIONAL ENTRY AS AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SETUP MEN, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, MECHANICS, PARTS MEN, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE ON…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

298

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Machinery Service Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These Illinois skill standards for agriculture machinery service technician are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

299

Development of vibration diagnosis systems for rotational machineries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The versatile capabilities and applications of several vibration diagnosis (VD) systems described, including the VD8815 for diagnosing rotational machinery, VD8855 for vibration data collection, and SP MANAGER for machine life forecasts. These systems enable early machine failure detection, the analysis of the failure cause, and the reduction of maintenance cost without help of experts.

Yamauchi, Shingo; Fujii, Shungo; Sakamoto, Yasuyuki; Terashita, Kazuichi

1992-09-01

300

Agricultural Machinery - Equipment. Agricultural Cooperative Training. Vocational Agricluture. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students enrolled in the Agricultural Cooperative Part-Time Training Program, this course of study contains 12 units on agricultural machinery mechanics. Units include (examples of unit topics in parentheses): introduction (agricultural mechanics as an occupation; safety--shop and equipment; use of holding devices, jacks, lifts, and…

Sandlin, David, Comp.; And Others

301

Frequent pathway mutations of splicing machinery in myelodysplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Myelodysplastic syndromes and related disorders (myelodysplasia) are a heterogeneous group of myeloid neoplasms showing deregulated blood cell production with evidence of myeloid dysplasia and a predisposition to acute myeloid leukaemia, whose pathogenesis is only incompletely understood. Here we report whole-exome sequencing of 29 myelodysplasia specimens, which unexpectedly revealed novel pathway mutations involving multiple components of the RNA splicing machinery, including

Kenichi Yoshida; Masashi Sanada; Yuichi Shiraishi; Daniel Nowak; Yasunobu Nagata; Ryo Yamamoto; Yusuke Sato; Aiko Sato-Otsubo; Ayana Kon; Masao Nagasaki; George Chalkidis; Yutaka Suzuki; Masashi Shiosaka; Ryoichiro Kawahata; Tomoyuki Yamaguchi; Makoto Otsu; Naoshi Obara; Mamiko Sakata-Yanagimoto; Ken Ishiyama; Hiraku Mori; Florian Nolte; Wolf-Karsten Hofmann; Shuichi Miyawaki; Sumio Sugano; Claudia Haferlach; H. Phillip Koeffler; Lee-Yung Shih; Torsten Haferlach; Shigeru Chiba; Hiromitsu Nakauchi; Satoru Miyano; Seishi Ogawa

2011-01-01

302

3. VIEW TO NORTHEAST, NORTH SIDE OF CENTER DRUM MACHINERY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW TO NORTHEAST, NORTH SIDE OF CENTER DRUM MACHINERY ROOM. MOTOR #1 COMPARTMENT IN REAR, AUXILIARY MOTOR DRIVE SHAFT, POWER PANELS ON BACK OF AUXILIARY MOTOR HOUSE. BRIDGE DECK FRAMING ABOVE. - Burlington Northern Railroad Bridge, Spanning Willamette River at River Mile 6.9, Portland, Multnomah County, OR

303

19. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK AT CENTRAL PEDESTAL AREA, SHOWING CENTER RING, RADIALS TO EDGE ROLLERS, GEARS, AND ELECTRICAL BOXES (taken in January 1984) - Sharptown Bridge, Spanning Nanticoke River, State Route 313, Sharptown, Wicomico County, MD

304

TRACTOR REPAIR. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DESIGNED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE ON THE BASIS OF RESEARCH FROM STATE STUDIES. THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP (1) AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

305

Electrostatic charge generation associated with machinery component deterioration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detection and monitoring increased levels of electrostatic charge, produced as a result of machinery component deterioration, have the potential for the basis of an oil system component condition monitoring system. As increases in electrostatic charge level may be associated with the earliest stages of oil film\\/contact breakdown and the onset of wear, then charge monitoring may be used to identify

H. Powrie; Robert Wood; Terry Harvey; Ling Wang; S. Morris

2002-01-01

306

11. Forward machinery space looking aft toward starboard side, showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Forward machinery space looking aft toward starboard side, showing blower engine in foreground with belt running to blower. Steering engine lies in background; note sheave for port side steering cable in upper right hand corner of view. - Ferry TICONDEROGA, Route 7, Shelburne, Chittenden County, VT

307

[Risk factors for arterial hypertension among machinery construction workers].  

PubMed

The authors studied prevalence of arterial hypertension, its risk factors in workers of major machinery construction enterprise, who have prolonged contact with a complex of low-intensity occupational hazards. Findings are reliably higher prevalence of arterial hypertension among the workers vs. reference group, relative risk of arterial hypertension responding to exposed factor. PMID:16491856

Zakhar'eva, S V; Pasechnaia, N A

2006-01-01

308

49. WORTHINGTON ENGINE AND AIRCOMPRESSOR SYSTEM FOR UPSTAIRS TEXTILE MACHINERY. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. WORTHINGTON ENGINE AND AIR-COMPRESSOR SYSTEM FOR UPSTAIRS TEXTILE MACHINERY. THIS SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY ONE ON THE EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING AFTER 1945, BUT WAS NEVER REMOVED. LOCATED IN AIR COMPRESSOR ROOM BETWEEN MILL NO. 2 AND BOILER ROOM. - Prattville Manufacturing Company, Number One, 242 South Court Street, Prattville, Autauga County, AL

309

46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...permanently attached. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept open for the essential operations of the ship mustâ (1) In position 1, extend at least 12.5 ft...

2013-10-01

310

A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING FARM MACHINERY PURCHASE DECISIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of the farm management process. The model suggests that certain socioeconomic characteristics of farm managers will influence their decision-making process. Several characteristics are hypothesized an tested using multivariate techniques (multivariate analysis of variance, range tests, and multiple comparisons). The analysis indicates that the soil zone, value of machinery inventory, operator's age, and operator's education influence

Thomas G. Johnson; William J. Brown; Kevin OGrady

1985-01-01

311

Feasibility Study of Inspection of Farm Machinery Safety Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agriculture continues to be a very hazardous industry. One of the possible risk factors injuries may be the absence of safety features on farm machinery. A feasibility study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of obtaining information on deficiencies or absence of safety devices. Tractors and Power take-off (PTO) driven machines on 36 dairy farms were inspected. The pilot study

Mark A. Purschwitz; Dean T. Stueland; Barbara C. Lee

1994-01-01

312

32. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. GEAR 'D' IS AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. GEAR 'D' IS AT CENTER OF PHOTOGRAPH, EMERGENCY BRAKE ON THE PEDESTAL TO THE LEFT OF CENTER - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

313

Secular change in birthweight of Asian babies born in Birmingham.  

PubMed Central

We have studied changes in the birthweight of Asian babies born alive at this hospital between 1968 and 1978. In 1978 Pakistani babies were 139 g heavier but Indian babies only 25 g heavier than 10 years earlier. Contributing to these changes were significantly fewer short mothers and primiparae among Pakistanis, and non-significant increases in gestational age and intrauterine growth (that is, weight centile after allowing for gestational age, parity, and maternal height). Among Indians there were significant increases in maternal height and gestational age, but parity was reduced and intrauterine growth did not increase. In both groups there were fewer teenage mothers, but whereas among Pakinstanis birth intervals of less than one year were less common, there was no such reduction among Indian mothers. The secular change suggests that genetic factors are unlikely to be the major reason why Pakistani babies born in Birmingham are lighter than European babies, and that environmental factors play an important role. Efforts to increase birthweight need to consider both the mothers' physical environment during pregnancy and prepregnancy factors influencing growth in childhood, age at first pregnancy, and birth interval. The study shows a need to describe an 'Asian' population with details of their sub-ethnic structure. The sub-ethnic and secular differences further suggest that a single 'Asian' standard for birthweight and intrauterine growth may be inappropriate; the use of international reference data with which all infants may be compared is preferable.

Clarson, C L; Barker, M J; Marshall, T; Wharton, B A

1982-01-01

314

ADJUSTMENT, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF TILLAGE, PLANTING, SPRAYING, AND FERTILIZING MACHINERY. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY-LEVEL STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DESIGNED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE ON THE BASIS OF RESEARCH FROM STATE STUDIES. THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP (1) STUDENT UNDERSTANDING…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

315

Management of carriers and babies with haemophilia.  

PubMed

Although up to 30% of babies born with haemophilia do not have a family history of the disorder, the remaining 70% are born in families where haemophilia has been diagnosed. It has been estimated that for each male with haemophilia, there are five potential female carriers. Such women will benefit from knowledge of both their genetic (mutation present or not) and phenotype (level of plasma factor activity) status. Genetic counselling services to provide information and testing, together with plasma factor measurement, should be offered where available to all women at risk of being carriers. It is critical that women know their plasma factor measurement as they may have mild haemophilia (factor 5-30%, reference range 50-150%) which requires management at times of medical and surgical procedures and following trauma. Close liaison between adult and paediatric haemophilia centres and obstetric-gynaecology units is important to ensure that clinical carers identify and address carriers' needs. Genetic testing should be performed only after a potential carrier has been counselled and supported to receive such information. There is no coercion to accept such testing. An advantage of genetic testing is to then discuss pre-implantation genetic diagnosis which is an ex-vitro form of prenatal diagnosis. This can assist couples at risk of having a child with haemophilia who wish to reduce their anxieties about reproduction. Approximately 4% of boys with haemophilia, born in countries with good maternal care, will have intracranial haemorrhage in the neonatal period. There are no high-level evidence-based guidelines for the management of delivery or of the newborn with haemophilia. Obstetricians or other birth attendants need to be advised of the possibility of delivery of a boy with haemophilia and seek support from a haemophilia specialist during the pregnancy. The mother can then be monitored and plans for delivery be developed between her medical consultants and discussed with her. It is always preferable for a carrier to know of her genetic and phenotypic status before becoming pregnant so that she is informed as to her options and requirements for safe delivery. PMID:18510540

Street, A M; Ljung, R; Lavery, S A

2008-07-01

316

A study of prolonged jaundice screen in healthy term babies.  

PubMed

Prolonged jaundice in most of the term babies is associated with breast milk but in some cases it can be a marker for a range of hepatobiliary, hematological, metabolic, endocrine, infectious and genetic disorders that are associated with significant mortality and morbidity if not diagnosed in time. A diagnosis of conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia warrants urgent investigation. Protocols for investigating prolonged jaundice screen vary in complexity and the yield from screen has not been assessed. In order to address these issues, we carried out a study on healthy term babies referred to our day unit with prolonged jaundice. Infants were examined by pediatrician and investigations done as per unit protocol. Prolonged jaundice screen was found to be helpful in excluding biliary atresia and to support the diagnosis of breast milk jaundice. Present study concluded that negative prolonged jaundice screen is reassuring in healthy term babies and further investigations are unwarranted unless otherwise specified. PMID:23105772

Banakar, Mahendra Kumar; Subbarayan, Anbu

2008-07-01

317

A calorimetric system for metabolic studies of newborn babies.  

PubMed

This paper describes a closed circuit calorimetric system designed to determine the amount of energy required for synthesis of new tissue in a newborn baby. This amount can be estimated from the difference between indirect and direct calorimetric measurements. The system allows the simultaneous measurement of oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, evaporative water loss and heat loss through convection and radiation in newborn babies under 2.5 kg bodyweight. The babies are exposed to a well defined climate, they can be observed continuously and are fed via a nasogastric tube during the experiment, which may last 24 h or more. Special features of the system are the compensation methods for O2 and CO2 measurements and the double gradient layer for the measurement of dry heat loss. The overall accuracy of the system is of the order of 0.1 W. The value obtained for the energy cost of growth is in close agreement with Hommes' theoretical estimate. PMID:3987209

Dane, H J; Holland, W P; Sauer, P J; Visser, H K

1985-02-01

318

Cultural evolution: The case of babies’ first names  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In social sciences, there is currently rare consensus on the underlying mechanism for cultural evolution, partially due to lack of suitable data. The evolution of first names of newborn babies offers a remarkable example for such researches. In this paper, we employ the historical data on baby names from the United States to investigate the evolutionary process of culture, in particular focusing on how inequality among baby names changes over time. Then we propose a stochastic model where individual choice is determined by both individual preference and social influence, and show that the decrease in the strength of social influence can account for all the observed empirical features. Therefore, we claim that the weakening of social influence drives cultural evolution.

Xi, Ning; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Ge, Zehui; She, Li; Zhang, Kui

2014-07-01

319

Candida strains from neonates in a special care baby unit.  

PubMed Central

Carriage and acquisition of Candida spp and Candida albicans biotypes were studied among 163 neonates and 90 staff in a neonatal intensive care and surgical unit during a 17 week period. Twenty one neonates carried yeasts in the mouth, rectum or groin when first sampled, and a further 25 were positive later. C albicans accounted for 94.7% of 431 yeast isolates from neonates but only 67.4% of 43 isolates from staff. The first isolated C albicans biotype persisted in 13 babies monitored longitudinally. Simultaneous colonisation with two Candida spp was found in 2/46 neonates and 5/33 staff. The prevalence of candida was significantly higher among babies of gestational age less than 28 weeks (65%) than those of higher gestational age (26%). Oral and/or crural candida infection was observed in 14 of the babies but none developed deep seated candidosis. Routine antifungal prophylaxis did not affect the frequency of yeasts among the neonates.

Sharp, A M; Odds, F C; Evans, E G

1992-01-01

320

Evidence-based well-baby care. Part 1: Overview of the next generation of the Rourke Baby Record.  

PubMed Central

PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED: Well baby and child care in the primary care setting has not always been based on evidence that has been shown to be effective in preventing and detecting disease and injury. OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAM: To help physicians and nurses provide care that is more effective than a routine complete examination, the Rourke Baby Record has been revised to include evidence-based recommendations for preventive care for infants and young children. The revision incorporates the approach and recommendations of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination. The updated record is now called the Rourke Baby Record: Evidence-Based Infant/Child Health Maintenance Guide (Rourke Baby Record: EB). MAIN COMPONENTS OF PROGRAM: Part 1 of this two-part article briefly describes the background for development and presents an overview of the revised record. Part 2 discusses in detail the evidence that exists for maneuvers included in the education and advice section of the revised record. CONCLUSION: Using the Rourke Baby Record: EB and incorporating it into their office record systems as a working guide will help increase the effectiveness of the primary preventive care physicians provide to infants and young children.

Panagiotou, L.; Rourke, L. L.; Rourke, J. T.; Wakefield, J. G.; Winfield, D.

1998-01-01

321

77 FR 64462 - Conference on International Trade Issues Facing U.S. Machinery Manufacturing Industries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Issues Facing U.S. Machinery Manufacturing Industries AGENCY: Manufacturing and Services, International Trade Administration...trade issues impacting the U.S. machinery manufacturing industries, with emphasis on tariff...

2012-10-22

322

Accounting for Tillage Equipment and Other Machinery in Agricultural Energy Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The energy value tillage equipment and farm machinery, based on use industry sources, is presented. Discounting, scrappage, and use are discussed. Comparisons are made between the disaggregated data and initial attempts to determine farm machinery's embod...

O. C. Doering T. J. Considine C. E. Harling

1977-01-01

323

Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

324

Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages.

2012-01-01

325

Use of Low-Dose Steroid Creams During Pregnancy Won't Affect Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... Affect Baby: Study Researchers did find link between low birth weight and high doses of the medications (*this ... their entire pregnancy -- were at greater risk for low birth weight babies. Another expert called the study "incredibly ...

326

30 CFR 57.3460 - Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs. 57.3460 Section 57.3460 Mineral...Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs. Persons shall not perform maintenance work between machinery or equipment and ribs unless the area has been tested and,...

2009-07-01

327

30 CFR 57.3460 - Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs. 57.3460 Section 57.3460 Mineral...Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs. Persons shall not perform maintenance work between machinery or equipment and ribs unless the area has been tested and,...

2013-07-01

328

30 CFR 57.3460 - Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs. 57.3460 Section 57.3460 Mineral...Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs. Persons shall not perform maintenance work between machinery or equipment and ribs unless the area has been tested and,...

2010-07-01

329

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors A Appendix... EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY...Appendix A to Part 438âTypical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors...

2010-07-01

330

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2007-07-01 true Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors A Appendix... EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY...Appendix A to Part 438âTypical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors...

2009-01-01

331

46 CFR 196.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 196.15-15 Section...Inspections § 196.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. (a) It shall be...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to examine...

2013-10-01

332

46 CFR 32.35-1 - Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL. 32.35-1 Section...Main and Auxiliary Machinery § 32.35-1 Boilers and machineryâTB/ALL. Boilers, main and auxiliary machinery, and piping...

2013-10-01

333

46 CFR 97.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 97.15-15 Section...Inspections § 97.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2013-10-01

334

46 CFR 78.17-30 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 78.17-30 Section...Inspections § 78.17-30 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2013-10-01

335

46 CFR 167.65-60 - Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. 167.65-60...Requirements § 167.65-60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. It shall...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a nautical school...

2013-10-01

336

COMPETENCIES IN AGRICULTURE NEEDED BY MALES EMPLOYED IN WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY DISTRIBUTION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

LISTS OF 39 AGRICULTURAL AND 37 NONAGRICULTURAL COMPETENCIES, ABILITIES, AND UNDERSTANDINGS NEEDED BY MALES EMPLOYED IN WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY DISTRIBUTION WERE DEVELOPED BY 18 SELECTED EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY FIRMS AND SENT IN QUESTIONNAIRE FORM TO 180 EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY FIRMS THAT WERE COOPERATING MEMBERS OF…

MAXWELL, ROBERT HAWORTH

337

Mammalian autophagy: core molecular machinery and signaling regulation  

PubMed Central

Autophagy, a cellular catabolic pathway, is evolutionarily conserved from yeast to mammals. Central to this process is the formation of autophagosomes, double-membrane vesicles responsible for delivering long-lived proteins and excess or damaged organelle into the lysosome for degradation and reuse of the resulting macromolecules. In addition to the hallmark discovery of core molecular machinery components involved in autophagosome formation, complex signaling cascades controlling autophagy have also begun to emerge, with mTOR as a central but far from exclusive player. Malfunction of autophagy has been linked to a wide range of human pathologies, including cancer, neurodegeneration and pathogen infection. Here we highlight recent advances in identifying and understanding the core molecular machinery and signaling pathways that are involved in mammalian autophagy.

Yang, Zhifen; Klionsky, Daniel J.

2009-01-01

338

Including foundation effects on the vibration behaviour of rotating machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Including foundation effects on rotating machinery vibrations is normally difficult and very approximate owing to the complicated foundation configuration and its interaction with the surrounding environment, necessitating experimental identification of the foundation parameters. This paper presents and evaluates numerically a promising technique for identifying mass, damping and stiffness parameters of a field foundation supporting unbalanced rotating machinery. All necessary measurements can be taken during a single run-down. Moreover, only a knowledge of the bearing characteristics and measurements of rotor and foundation motions at selected co-ordinates (including the connections) and at selected speeds are needed. In particular, the method does not require an accurate rotor model, nor a knowledge of the actual unbalance distribution.

Feng, N. S.; Hahn, E. J.

1995-05-01

339

The Architectural Organization of Human Stem Cell Cycle Regulatory Machinery  

PubMed Central

Two striking features of human embryonic stem cells that support biological activity are an abbreviated cell cycle and reduced complexity to nuclear organization. The potential implications for rapid proliferation of human embryonic stem cells within the context of sustaining pluripotency, suppressing phenotypic gene expression and linkage to simplicity in the architectural compartmentalization of regulatory machinery in nuclear microenvironments is explored. Characterization of the molecular and architectural commitment steps that license human embryonic stem cells to initiate histone gene expression is providing understanding of the principal regulatory mechanisms that control the G1/S phase transition in primitive pluripotent cells. From both fundamental regulatory and clinical perspectives, further understanding of the pluripotent cell cycle in relation to compartmentalization of regulatory machinery in nuclear microenvironments is relevant to applications of stem cells for regenerative medicine and new dimensions to therapy where traditional drug discovery strategies have been minimally effective.

Stein, Gary S.; Stein, Janet L.; Wijnen, Andre van J; Lian, Jane B.; Montecino, Martin; Medina, Ricardo; Kapinas, Kristie; Ghule, Prachi; Grandy, Rodrigo; Zaidi, Sayyed K.; Becker, Klaus A.

2013-01-01

340

Learn as Babies Learn: A Conceptual Model of Designing Optimum Learnability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A newborn baby’s first move is to look for the nipples. This is an instinct for a baby to live, build strength and interact\\u000a with the world. The interaction seems very similar to our users’ choosing a product for self-empowerment and productivity.\\u000a However, most users are not babies, neither the majority of man-made products embody perfect affordances. How could user

Douglas Xiaoyong Wang

2009-01-01

341

Baby boomers and busters: an exploratory investigation of attitudes toward marketing, advertising and consumerism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to compare and contrast various marketing- and consumer-related attitudes and behavior across the baby boomer (those born between 1946-1964) and baby buster (those born between 1965-1976) generations. Study results suggest that baby busters, compared with baby boomers, are more favorably predisposed toward marketing and advertising. It was also found that the two generations

James A. Roberts; Chris Manolis

2000-01-01

342

Machinery and China's nexus of foreign trade and economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers an interpretation of China's nexus of foreign trade and economic growth that centres around technological development. Evidence, mainly related to the performance of the machinery sector, is presented indicating that the phenomenal export expansion is not reducible to a market-centred trade regime, and that the standard thesis of export-led growth would not apply-the contribution of trade to

Dic Lo; Thomas M. H. Chan

1998-01-01

343

ROTATING MACHINERY FAULT DIAGNOSIS USING TIME-FREQUENCY METHODS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time-frequency analysis has been found to be effective in monitoring the transient or time-varying characteristics of machinery vibration signals, and therefore its use in machine condition monitoring is increasing. This paper proposes the application of time-frequency methods, which can provide more information about a signal in time and in frequency and gives a better representation of the signal than the

A. A. LAKIS

2007-01-01

344

Vibration Analysis of Rotating Machinery Using the Spectral Distribution Function  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spectral distribution function is used to characterize the vibration signal of rotating machinery. It is shown to be a more robust indicator than conventional power spectral density estimates, but requires only slightly more computational effort. The method is demonstrated with a model of a defective bearing. The spectral distribution function is applied to practical problems involving seeded helicopter transmission faults and the vibration signal from a ground-based vacuum compressor system.

Davis, S. S.

1998-07-01

345

CAI - multimedia approach to farm tractor and machinery safety certification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research was conducted at Purdue University with the primary goal to compare a newly developed self-instructional CAI\\/multimedia computer program with traditional instructional methods for use by youth enrolled in a farm tractor and machinery safety program. Seventy-two subjects selected from three 8th and 9th grade agricultural education classes and one group of middle school-aged youth (grades 6–19) involved in a

Roger L. Tormoehlen; Ernest J. Sheldon; William E. Field

1999-01-01

346

The research of dynamic agricultural machinery working area measure system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simplified method of area-measurement system of farm machineries was proposed through the study of field test data, and a dynamic vehicle field area-measurement system based on GPS-OEM was built. In the test, the system represented (presented) high speed of information collection and high area measure accuracy with the error rate lower than 2%. The portability and convenience of this

Zhuo Wei; Fang Yang; Li Zhang

2011-01-01

347

Resolving problems of high vibration in hydroelectric machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

High vibrations in hydroelectric machinery often will necessitate derating of a unit's capacity so that it remains in acceptable operating condition. Such was the case at B.C. Hydro's 700-MW Peace Canyon Generating Station. At this station, a 175-MW turbine-generator experienced high stator split-phase currents on cold starts and high turbine bearing vibration at high loads. The vibration, measured at 24

1993-01-01

348

Molecular Dissection of the Clathrin-Endocytosis Machinery in Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last few years, the endocytic vesicular uptake in plant cells has gained increasing significance\\u000a in several physiological processes. Therefore, an insight into plant clathrin endocytosis at the\\u000a molecular level is essential. Plants do contain homologs to several key proteins of the mammalian\\u000a clathrin-dependent endocytosis machinery, but so far only very few have been functionally characterized.\\u000a Thus, this chapter

Susanne E. H. Holstein

349

Anthropometric survey for agricultural machinery design: an Indian case study.  

PubMed

In Indian agriculture, hand tools, animal-drawn equipment and tractor/power operated machinery are extensively used for various operations. These equipments are either operated or controlled by human workers. Use of anthropometric data can help in the proper design of equipment for better efficiency and more human comfort. Earlier anthropometric surveys carried out in the country were very few and inadequate for use in farm machinery design. Therefore, 52 body dimensions necessary for the design of these equipments were identified and a sample study was conducted on 39 farm workers. The collected anthropometric data were analysed to calculate mean, range, standard deviation and 5th, 50th and 95th percentile values. Through some examples, an effort is made here to illustrate the use of the data in the design of farm equipment. It has now been proposed that extensive surveys should be carried out in different regions of the country to generate the necessary data useful in farm machinery design. PMID:15676734

Gite, L P; Yadav, B G

1989-09-01

350

Baby walker safety - baby's minder or parent's problem? A qualitative analysis of clients' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding baby walker use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the range of knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents regarding baby walkers.Design A qualitative study using a focus group approach.Setting Three focus groups were held in community mother and toddler drop-in centres, and one in a hospital antenatal clinic.Methods Four focus groups were held over a two-month period in 2000. Parents from areas with differing levels of

Rhydian Hapgood; Amanda Woods; Jane Dyas; Elaine Bentley; Denise Kendrick

2003-01-01

351

KINETICS OF THEOPHYLLINE IN APNEA OF PREMATURITY IN SMALL FOR GESTATIONAL AGE BABIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To study the pharmacokinetics of theophylline and its correlations to pharmacodynamic effects in apnea of prematurity in small for gestational age babies. Design: Prospective case control study. Setting: Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Subjects: Ten small for gestational age (SGA) babies and 10 gestation matched appropriate for gestational age (AGA) babies with recurrent apnea of prematurity. Methods: All

Mrinalkanti Chaudhuri; S. K. Garg; Anil Narang; O. N. Bhakoo

352

TSI (teething ring sound instrument): a design of the sound instrument for the baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we will describe the TSI (Teething ring Sound Instrument), a new sound instrument given to babies, which consists of a teething ring, a knob, an I-CubeX Digitizer [1] and a computer which processes MIDI messages. The TSI is designed to bring music experience to baby with the movement of the babies reflex sucking motion. We provided the

Naoko Kubo; Kazuhiro Jo; Ken Matsunaga

2001-01-01

353

Practical considerations in the fabrication of earmoulds for young babies.  

PubMed

The practicalities of fabricating earmoulds for young babies (under the age of 3 months) have been investigated. The results indicate that earmoulds can be satisfactorily fabricated provided there are changes in approach in the fabrication procedure. This applies in both the ear impression taking and in the format of the final earmould. PMID:3704538

Nolan, M; Hostler, M; Taylor, I G; Cash, A

1986-01-01

354

Effect of frozen storage on nutritional composition of baby corn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Baby corn (Zea mays) is young, finger-like, unfertilized cobs of maize with one to three centimeters of emerged silk, preferably harvested within 24 hours of silk emergence depending upon the growing season. It is a very perishable vegetable and hence the purpose of this present study is to standardize the freezing method for extending the shelf life of

Santosh Hooda; Asha Kawatra

2012-01-01

355

Baby corn, green ear, and grain yield of corn cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most maize cultivars have been developed for grain production. Because superior cultivars may differ in their exploiting purposes, interest has been demonstrated for the evaluation of corn cultivars with regard to their baby corn, green ear, and grain yields production ability. In the present work ten corn cultivars (AG 405, AG 1051, AG 2060, AG 6690, AG 7575, AG 8080,

Itala Paula de C. Almeida; Paulo Sérgio L. e Silva; Maria Z. de Negreiros; Zenaide Barbosa

2005-01-01

356

Innovative design of industrial-academic cooperation in baby products  

Microsoft Academic Search

We got the chance to cooperate with a baby product manufacturer in central Taiwan for this study after paying a personal visit. Students from the Commercial Design Department of a technology university were guided to create innovative designs for products according to the manufacturer's requirements. The industrial-academic cooperation generally helped the teachers and students gained a better understanding of problems

Ruilin Lin; Jingchen Xie

2010-01-01

357

‘The alien baby’: Risk, blame and prenatal indeterminacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author uses the narrative of a mother, whose baby's Down Syndrome diagnosis was only ascertained days after his birth, to shed light upon the epistemological and social foundations of risk-medicine. This is a practice which, by seeking prediction through the working of probabilities, brings to the fore principles of uncertainty, indeterminacy, and ambiguity. The paper further portrays the salience

Sky E. Gross

2010-01-01

358

Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

Page, Jools

2011-01-01

359

Baby Boomers And Beyond: Consumer Satisfaction With High Involvement Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic and social impact of the baby boomers and those older cannot be overstated. However, this demographic segment has been largely ignored by marketers and policy developers and there is still much to be learned about this growing and changing market's needs, purchase evaluations and behaviour. The conceptualisation of service performance and consumer satisfaction with services and their performance

Wendy Spinks; Meredith Lawley

360

Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

Russell, Beth S.

2010-01-01

361

Funduscopic lesions associated with mortality in shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) has been defined as a syndrome of intraocular and intracranial hemorrhage in young children, thought to be caused by violent shaking inflicted by an adult. In many cases SBS is fatal as a result of intracranial injury. Intraocular findings include hemorrhage, which may be accompanied by characteristic retinal folds or retinoschisis lesions. This study

Monte Mills

1998-01-01

362

Morphometrical analysis of retinal hemorrhages in the shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A morphometrical analysis of retinal hemorrhages was performed in cases of physical child abuse including the shaken baby syndrome and in controls (severe head injury, intravital brain death, non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage, SIDS including cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The extent of the retinal hemorrhages was significantly different between both groups. In all cases of physical child abuse, massive retinal hemorrhages in at least

P. Betz; K. Püschel; E. Miltner; E. Lignitz; W. Eisenmenger

1996-01-01

363

Shaken Baby Syndrome: The Problem and a Model for Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the problem of shaken baby syndrome (SBS), which involves the injury or death of an infant as a result of severe shaking. Advocates a national media campaign to promote awareness of SBS and to prevent needless injuries and deaths. (MDM)

Showers, Jacy

1992-01-01

364

Revisiting the measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age (Dias et al., 2005; Russell & Britner, 2006). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant becomes less

Beth S. Russell

2010-01-01

365

Shaken baby syndrome: A biomechanics analysis of injury mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration\\/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from severe motor vehicle crashes. We conducted an injury biomechanics analysis

Faris A. Bandak

2005-01-01

366

Ritualized Embarrassment at "Coed" Wedding and Baby Showers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that women embarrassed men at "coed" wedding and baby showers by teasing and causing them to look unpoised, and that men used avoidance, humor, remediation, and justification strategies. Adds a new strategy, compliance, to previous frameworks to explain males' reaction to embarrassment. Discusses the importance of context and degree of…

Braithwaite, Dawn O.

1995-01-01

367

Aging Baby Boom: Implications for Employment and Training Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The post-World War II baby boom generation has had a profound effect on public policy and society at large. At each stage of the life cycle, this generation has changed the demand for public services. The social and policy phenomena associated with the ba...

S. Poulos

1997-01-01

368

We've Come a Long Way, Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students discuss several human reproductive technologies available today â pregnancy ultrasound, amniocentesis, in-vitro fertilization and labor anesthetics. They learn how each technology works, and that these are ways engineers have worked to improve the health of expecting mothers and babies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

369

Learning Link: Helping Your Baby Learn to Talk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that young children learn to talk at different ages but within certain developmental boundaries, this document presents two charts to help parents facilitate their toddler's speech. The first chart lists characteristics to look for in a growing, healthy baby at various ages between 3 months and 24 months, and suggestions for when to talk to…

Morrisset, Colleen E.; Lines, Patricia

370

[Fallot, Blalock and Taussig - the 'blue babies' odyssey].  

PubMed

120 years ago, Louis Fallot described a congenital heart malformation consisted of a special constellation. This was a cyanotic malformation, hence the term 'the blue baby syndrome'. In 1949 there was a first trial of correction of tetralogy of Fallot by joining pulmomary artery with subclavial artery. This vessels connection was fixed in medical terminology as Blalock-Taussig shunt. PMID:18626845

Mazurak, Magdalena

2008-06-01

371

'Think Baby': online learning for student health visitors.  

PubMed

'Think Baby' is an innovative online learning resource which has been developed to help student health visitors (and other specialist community public health nurses) build their skills in observing and assessing mother-infant interactions. The project's development and pilot work was funded by a small grant from the Higher Education Academy. It builds on the findings of the team's previous research, which found health visitors' initial training had left them ill-prepared to assess the intricacies of mother-infant relationships. The 'Think Baby' project sought to develop online training resources for student health visitors using video footage of mothers and babies to illustrate different types of interactions. A small group of student health visitors were engaged in reviewing and evaluating the materials and considering their acceptability. Once developed, the materials were piloted with student health visitors from three universities, community practice teachers and a health visitor academic, and they were then adapted for wider roll out. 'Think Baby' enables student health visitors to develop their core skills in assessment, which is really important in identifying when early help and support are needed for mothers and infants. PMID:24974552

Appleton, Jane V; Harris, Margaret; Kelly, Cat; Huppe, Irmgard

2014-06-01

372

The Period of PURPLE Crying to Prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is defined as inflicted brain trauma in an infant as a caregiver reaction to persistent crying, and is associated with negative complications. Prior intervention programs have proven effective in reducing SBS. The purpose of this project was to perform a comprehensive literature review to determine if the prevention program of “The Period of PURPLE Crying” reduces

Abby Branderhorst

2012-01-01

373

Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of Darwin's…

Bradley, Ben S.

1994-01-01

374

The Development of Embodied Cognition: Six Lessons from Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embodiment hypothesis is the idea that intelligence emerges in the interaction of an agent with an environment and as a result of sensorimotor activity. In this paper we offer six lessons for developing embodied intelligent agents suggested by research in developmental psychology. We argue that starting as a baby grounded in a physical, social and linguistic world is crucial

Linda Smith; Michael Gasser

2005-01-01

375

Babies Boost Skills by Taking Advantage of Rhythm and Ryhme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses a way to boost babies' skills by taking advantage of rhythm and rhyme. Becoming aware of rhyming sounds boosts brain activity and a child's early literacy ability. Adding singsong rhyming words to requests for attention is an effective way for teachers to get toddlers to listen to what they say. Rhymes and rhythms add zest…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

376

Status of liver enzymes in babies with perinatal asphyxia.  

PubMed

Because of hypoxemia, different organ systems of the body are affected in perinatal asphyxia. In this study, the functional status of liver of the asphyxiated babies was assessed through estimation of liver enzymes to see any correlation existing between enzyme changes and severity of perinatal asphyxia. A total of 70 full-term asphyxiated newborns (study group) were studied during January'2008 to December'2008 in the department of Paediatrics, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital. After enrollment these babies were grouped according to Sarnat & Sarnat stages of Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) as stage I, II & III. Babies who are small for gestational age, having severe jaundice, sepsis or congenital anomalies of the hepatobiliary system were excluded from the study. Another 50 healthy newborns were also studied as control group. Venous blood was analyzed between 2nd and 5th day of life to estimate serum AST, ALT & alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Unpaired student's 't' test and Spearman's rank correlation was used for data analysis and P value of <0.05 were considered significant. Mean AST, ALT and ALP of the asphyxiated babies were 76.27±37.44, 82.16±48.08 & 369.59±123.05 U/L and that of normal babies were 23.46±8.45, 26.54±7.76 & 208.20±46.95 U/L respectively and these rise were statistically significant (p<0.001). The levels of transaminases and ALP were positively correlated with the severity of asphyxia and these correlations were also statistically significant (p<0.001). So, this study concludes that AST, ALT & ALP significantly elevated in perinatal asphyxia and this elevation was proportional to the severity of hypoxia. PMID:21804510

Islam, M T; Islam, M N; Mollah, A H; Hoque, M A; Hossain, M A; Nazir, F; Ahsan, M M

2011-07-01

377

Beam Test Data Analysis of the Beam Test Data Analysis of the JLCCDC baby Chamber JLCCDC baby Chamber  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying the higgs boson needs a high resolution tracker. The baby chamber was fabricated with the same cell structure as the current design of the central drift chamber of the Joint Linear Collider. Its performance is studied by looking at the wire efficiency, spatial resolution and twotrack separation capability using an analysis software package already incorporated into the Joint Linear

H. Goo; D. Arogancia; J. Magallanes; A. Bacal; K. Fujii

378

Smart Mom's Baby-Sitting Co-Op Handbook: How We Solved the Baby-Sitter Puzzle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that a family with young children is under tremendous pressure and that a babysitting cooperative can give parents relief during a vital stage of a family's development, this book provides guidance for mothers of preschool children in starting and maintaining a Smart Mom's Babysitting Cooperative based on the University Place Baby-Sitting…

Myers, Gary

379

On-demand Virtual Neonatal Intensive Care units supporting rural, remote and urban healthcare with Bush Babies Broadband  

Microsoft Academic Search

Premature and ill term babies born in regional Australia must be moved to another hospital with Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) facilities. Transferred pre-term and critically ill term babies have higher mortality rates and much higher rates of long term disability than similar babies born in hospitals with NICU facilities. This paper details the Bush Babies Broadband project that aims

Carolyn Mcgregor; Bruce Kneale; Mark Tracy

2007-01-01

380

Optical control and diagnostics sensors for gas turbine machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exists a vast range of optical techniques that have been under development for solving complex measurement problems related to gas-turbine machinery and phenomena. For instance, several optical techniques are ideally suited for studying fundamental combustion phenomena in laboratory environments. Yet other techniques hold significant promise for use as either on-line gas turbine control sensors, or as health monitoring diagnostics sensors. In this paper, we briefly summarize these and discuss, in more detail, some of the latter class of techniques, including phosphor thermometry, hyperspectral imaging and low coherence interferometry, which are particularly suited for control and diagnostics sensing on hot section components with ceramic thermal barrier coatings (TBCs).

Trolinger, James D.; Jenkins, Thomas P.; Heeg, Bauke

2012-10-01

381

Validation of vibration measurements for heavy duty machinery diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Latest development of distributed condition monitoring for heavy duty machinery has revealed a major challenge concerning reliable data acquisition. Due to frequent failures of diagnostic algorithms caused by incorrectly registered data, validation of vibration signals became a very attractive field of research. The paper shows how classical data acquisition procedures might be enhanced by implementation of signal validation methods based on both machine process parameters signals and machine vibration signals. Presented validation covers analysis of process parameters, data stability constrains and also independent and comparative validation of vibration signals. Benefits of applied techniques are illustrated on real data from a wind turbine.

Jablonski, A.; Barszcz, T.

2013-07-01

382

Elements of active vibration control for rotating machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The success or failure of active vibration control is determined by the availability of suitable actuators, modeling of the entire system including all active elements, positioning of the actuators and sensors, and implementation of problem-adapted control concepts. All of these topics are outlined and their special problems are discussed in detail. Special attention is given to efficient modeling of systems, especially for considering the active elements. Finally, design methods for and the application of active vibration control on rotating machinery are demonstrated by several real applications.

Ulbrich, Heinz

1990-05-01

383

Impact of the Autophagy Machinery on Hepatitis C Virus Infection  

PubMed Central

Autophagy is a cellular process that catabolizes cytoplasmic components and maintains energy homeostasis. As a stress response, the autophagy machinery interconnects a wide range of cellular pathways, enhancing the spread of certain pathogens while limiting others, and has become a highly active research area over the past several years. Independent laboratories have recently reported that autophagy vesicles accumulate in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected cells and that autophagy proteins can function as proviral factors required for HCV replication. In this review, we summarize what is currently known about the interplay between autophagy and HCV and the possible mechanisms whereby autophagy proteins might favor HCV propagation.

Dreux, Marlene; Chisari, Francis V.

2011-01-01

384

Noise-enhanced energy transduction of molecular machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have numerically investigated the enhance effect of noise on the energy transduction of molecular machinery. The energy transduction is enhanced with the increase of relative amplitude of the limit-cycle oscillation in polymer chain. And noise can enlarge the relative amplitude through a mechanism of stochastic resonance (SR). In the simulation, two different types of SR, internal signal SR (ISSR) and explicit ISSR (EISSR) are studied, respectively. And the similarity as well as difference between them was presented. The potential application of the enhance effect of energy transduction is then discussed.

Wang, Zhiwei; Hou, Zhonghuai; Xin, Houwen

2002-08-01

385

Motivational messages: lead a Baby Friendly Initiative community project.  

PubMed

2011 saw Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI) success in the towns of Blackburn with Darwen. The towns serve around 2,500 new babies a year, have significant social deprivation and mixed ethnicity. Commitment was made by the Trust and Local Authority, to progress to meeting full BFI standards by commissioning the Acute Trusts Infant Feeding Coordinator (midwife) to lead on the project and the change needed. Numerous challenges were met along the way, such as capacity to lead and deliver (leading to the recruitment of Donna), swine flu, GP training, organisational changes and loss of ante- and postnatal interventions. This was the first Community Trust in England to achieve full accreditation without follow up visits. This article hopes to inspire other Trusts to get started, keep going and don't let go until you get there--because it's worth it. PMID:22324135

Henry, Sue; Butler, Donna

2012-01-01

386

Goals and options in keeping preterm babies warm.  

PubMed

More than 50 years after Silverman showed the association between temperature control and mortality, recent data again stress the importance of the thermal environment of the preterm infant. The goals of care are straightforward: maintain a normal body temperature, ensure a stable thermal environment and avoid cold stress; but the options to achieve them are many and less certain. There is a problem in defining a 'normal' temperature. A single measurement will tell nothing about whether the baby is using energy for thermal balance. The preterm baby should be monitored with the continuous recording and display of a central and peripheral temperature. This will give an early indication of cold stress before any change is seen in the central temperature. Reducing evaporative heat losses at birth has improved temperatures on admission, although no studies have shown any effect on outcome. No data have shown that the use of incubators is any better than radiant heaters. PMID:20488864

Lyon, A J; Freer, Y

2011-01-01

387

Cytomegalovirus infection in Gambian mothers and their babies.  

PubMed Central

A 15 month longitudinal study of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in 178 Gambian mothers and their babies was undertaken. Twenty five (14%) of the babies were congenitally infected despite the fact that 87% of their mothers were antibody positive to the virus. Two of the 25 congenitally infected infants had evidence of severe neurological damage; skin sepsis was also a prominent feature in congenitally infected infants. The other children soon became infected. At 6 months of age, 53% of the infants were shedding virus either in urine or saliva. By the age of 12 months 86% of the infants had serological evidence of CMV infection. Preliminary evidence suggests that sibling to sibling infection in crowded compounds might be a major route of transmission.

Bello, C; Whittle, H

1991-01-01

388

Mesons, baryons and waves in the baby Skyrmion model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study various classical solutions of the baby-Skyrmion model in (2+1) dimensions. We point out the existence of higher energy states, interpret them as resonances of Skyrmions and anti-Skyrmions and study their decays. Most of the discussion involves a highly exited Skyrmion-like state with winding number one which decays into an ordinary Skyrmion and a Skyrmion-anti-Skyrmion pair. We also study wave-like solutions of the model and show that some of such solutions can be constructed from the solutions of the sine-Gordon equation. We also show that the baby-Skyrmion model has non-topological stationary solutions. We study their interactions with Skyrmions.

Kudryavtsev, A.; Piette, B.; Zakrzewski, W. J.

389

Sex and Babies: Pregnant Couples' Postnatal Sexual Concerns  

PubMed Central

What are pregnant couples' concerns regarding their sexual relationship after their baby's arrival? A study in regard to this question was conducted with five prenatal groups (n = 82). Its results are presented in this article. The sexual concerns are categorized as being about physical matters, psychological issues, adaptation issues, and anticipatory planning. A review of the literature then develops the theoretical interpretation of each of the sexual concerns and offers suggestions for childbirth educators to address some of these issues.

Polomeno, Viola

1999-01-01

390

Birth weight of Indian babies born in hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  From 20 hospitals in different towns and cities representing the States in the country, data on live-birth-weight were obtained.\\u000a Data on length, head and chest circumference, plurality and sex of the babies were also available. In addition, information\\u000a on religion and socioeconomic status of the parents, prenatal care, maternal complications and deaths which occurred during\\u000a the stay in the hospital,

Shantha Mad’havan; A. D. Taskar

1969-01-01

391

Breastfeeding practices in baby friendly hospitals of Indore  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interview based cross sectional study was conducted in two of the designated Baby Friendly Hospitals of Indore in the year\\u000a 2008. None of the hospitals were having a written breastfeeding policy, which is routinely communicated to all the health\\u000a workers and no regular training regarding the Programme was being imparted. There is a need to develop a BFHI Monitoring

Richa Nigam; Manish Nigam; R. R. Wavre; Ajit Deshpande; R. K. Chandorkar

2010-01-01

392

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWIMRI) in the diagnosis and management of children with suspected or confirmed Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS).METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional case series of all infants and children younger than 2 years of age admitted to a children’s hospital. We retrospectively reviewed medical records and neuroimaging findings of all children

Valérie Biousse; Daniel Y Suh; Nancy J Newman; Patricia C Davis; Timothy Mapstone; Scott R Lambert

2002-01-01

393

Axonal injury and the neuropathology of shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined an autopsy series of 14 children with shaken baby syndrome (SBS) who lacked skull fracture. Evidence of axonal\\u000a injury was sought using immunohistochemical stains for neurofilament, 68-kDa neurofilament and ?-amyloid precursor protein\\u000a (?APP). ?APP-positive axons were present in the cerebral white matter of all cases of SBS but were also present in 6 of 7\\u000a children dying of

P. Shannon; C. R. Smith; J. Deck; L. C. Ang; M. Ho; L. Becker

1998-01-01

394

The Baby Boom and World War II: A Macroeconomic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that one major cause of the U.S. postwar baby boom was the increased demand for female labour during World War II. We develop a quantitative dynamic general equilibrium model with endogenous fertility and female labour-force participation decisions. We use the model to assess the long-term implications of a one-time demand shock for female labour, such as the one

Matthias Doepke; Moshe Hazan; Yishay D. Maoz

2008-01-01

395

Creation and structure of baby universes in monopole collisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Under certain circumstances, the collision of magnetic monopoles, topologically locked-in regions of false vacuum, leads to topological inflation and the creation of baby universes. The future evolution of initial data represented by the two incoming monopoles may contain a timelike singularity but this need not be the case. We discuss the global structure of the spacetime associated with monopole collisions and also that of topological inflation. We suggest that topological inflation within magnetic monopoles leads to an eternally reproducing universe.

Borde, Arvind; Trodden, Mark; Vachaspati, Tanmay

1999-02-01

396

Health benefits of encore careers for baby boomers.  

PubMed

Baby boomers now represent an aging population group at risk of the diseases of older age. Their relatively high education, amongst other attributes, means that they can make a significant contribution to the work force beyond the statutory retirement age. On an individual level, potential health benefits may motivate them to pursue encore careers. We review some of the evidence supporting such a trend. PMID:24636242

Topiwala, Anya; Patel, Shivani; Ebmeier, Klaus P

2014-05-01

397

A study of prolonged jaundice screen in healthy term babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prolonged jaundice in most of the term babies is associated with breast milk but in some cases it can be a marker for a range\\u000a of hepatobiliary, hematological, metabolic, endocrine, infectious and genetic disorders that are associated with significant\\u000a mortality and morbidity if not diagnosed in time. A diagnosis of conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia warrants urgent investigation.\\u000a Protocols for investigating prolonged jaundice

Mahendra Kumar Banakar; Anbu Subbarayan

2008-01-01

398

The basal transcription machinery as a target for cancer therapy.  

PubMed

General transcription is required for the growth and survival of all living cells. However, tumor cells require extraordinary levels of transcription, including the transcription of ribosomal RNA genes by RNA polymerase I (RNPI) and mRNA by RNA polymerase II (RNPII). In fact, cancer cells have mutations that directly enhance transcription and are frequently required for cancer transformation. For example, the recent discovery that MYC enhances the transcription of the majority genes in the genome correlates with the fact that several transcription interfering drugs preferentially kill cancer cells. In recent years, advances in the mechanistic studies of the basal transcription machinery and the discovery of drugs that interfere with multiple components of transcription are being used to combat cancer. For example, drugs such as triptolide that targets the general transcription factors TFIIH and JQ1 to inhibit BRD4 are administered to target the high proliferative rate of cancer cells. Given the importance of finding new strategies to preferentially sensitize tumor cells, this review primarily focuses on several transcription inhibitory drugs to demonstrate that the basal transcription machinery constitutes a potential target for the design of novel cancer drugs. We highlight the drugs' mechanisms for interfering with tumor cell survival, their importance in cancer treatment and the challenges of clinical application. PMID:24576043

Villicaña, Claudia; Cruz, Grisel; Zurita, Mario

2014-01-01

399

Rapid detection of biothreat agents based on cellular machinery.  

SciTech Connect

This research addresses rapid and sensitive identification of biological agents in a complex background. We attempted to devise a method by which the specificity of the cellular transcriptional machinery could be used to detect and identify bacterial bio-terror agents in a background of other organisms. Bacterial cells contain RNA polymerases and transcription factors that transcribe genes into mRNA for translation into proteins. RNA polymerases in conjunction with transcription factors recognize regulatory elements (promoters) upstream of the gene. These promoters are, in many cases, recognized by the polymerase and transcription factor combinations of one species only. We have engineered a plasmid, for Escherichia coli, containing the virA promoter from the target species Shigella flexneri. This promoter was fused to a reporter gene Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP). In theory the indicator strain (carrying the plasmid) is mixed with the target strain and the two are lysed. The cellular machinery from both cells mixes and the GFP is produced. This report details the results of testing this system.

Lane, Todd W.; Gantt, Richard W.

2004-12-01

400

Abnormalities in the synaptic vesicle fusion machinery in Huntington's disease.  

PubMed

We have recently described the progressive and selective loss of the presynaptic protein complexin II in brains of mice (R6/2) transgenic for the Huntington's disease (HD) mutation. Here we have determined the expression of components of the synaptic vesicle fusion machinery in the striatum and hippocampus from post-mortem brains of HD cases and neurologically normal controls. As in the brains of R6/2 mice, complexin II was markedly depleted in the HD striatum; the depletion was compartmentally organized, with complexin II-poor regions corresponding with areas of low immunoreactivity toward the matrix marker calbindin D(28K). Decreases in the levels of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor (SNARE) protein synaptobrevin 2 and of rab3A were also seen, but none of the other proteins tested was significantly affected. In the hippocampus, levels of complexin II, synaptobrevin 2, rab3A, and also of alpha-SNAP, were markedly elevated in HD brains. We suggest that the observed abnormalities in the expression of proteins known to be involved in the control of neurotransmitter release, including both modulators and core components of the vesicle fusion machinery, might account for at least some of the functional abnormalities seen in HD. PMID:11704347

Morton, A J; Faull, R L; Edwardson, J M

2001-09-15

401

Failure Accommodation Tested in Magnetic Suspension Systems for Rotating Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field and Texas A&M University are developing techniques for accommodating certain types of failures in magnetic suspension systems used in rotating machinery. In recent years, magnetic bearings have become a viable alternative to rolling element bearings for many applications. For example, industrial machinery such as machine tool spindles and turbomolecular pumps can today be bought off the shelf with magnetically supported rotating components. Nova Gas Transmission Ltd. has large gas compressors in Canada that have been running flawlessly for years on magnetic bearings. To help mature this technology and quiet concerns over the reliability of magnetic bearings, NASA researchers have been investigating ways of making the bearing system tolerant to faults. Since the potential benefits from an oil-free, actively controlled bearing system are so attractive, research that is focused on assuring system reliability and safety is justifiable. With support from the Fast Quiet Engine program, Glenn's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch is working to demonstrate fault-tolerant magnetic suspension systems targeted for aerospace engine applications. The Flywheel Energy Storage Program is also helping to fund this research.

Provenza, Andy J.

2000-01-01

402

LTP requires a unique postsynaptic SNARE fusion machinery.  

PubMed

Membrane fusion during exocytosis is mediated by assemblies of SNARE (soluble NSF-attachment protein receptor) and SM (Sec1/Munc18-like) proteins. The SNARE/SM proteins involved in vesicle fusion during neurotransmitter release are well understood, whereas little is known about the protein machinery that mediates activity-dependent AMPA receptor (AMPAR) exocytosis during long-term potentiation (LTP). Using direct measurements of LTP in acute hippocampal slices and an in vitro LTP model of stimulated AMPAR exocytosis, we demonstrate that the Q-SNARE proteins syntaxin-3 and SNAP-47 are required for regulated AMPAR exocytosis during LTP but not for constitutive basal AMPAR exocytosis. In contrast, the R-SNARE protein synaptobrevin-2/VAMP2 contributes to both regulated and constitutive AMPAR exocytosis. Both the central complexin-binding and the N-terminal Munc18-binding sites of syntaxin-3 are essential for its postsynaptic role in LTP. Thus, postsynaptic exocytosis of AMPARs during LTP is mediated by a unique fusion machinery that is distinct from that used during presynaptic neurotransmitter release. PMID:23395379

Jurado, Sandra; Goswami, Debanjan; Zhang, Yingsha; Molina, Alfredo J Miñano; Südhof, Thomas C; Malenka, Robert C

2013-02-01

403

LTP Requires a Unique Postsynaptic SNARE Fusion Machinery  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Membrane fusion during exocytosis is mediated by assemblies of SNARE (soluble NSF-attachment protein receptor) and SM (Sec1/Munc18-like) proteins. The SNARE/SM proteins involved in vesicle fusion during neurotransmitter release are well understood, whereas little is known about the protein machinery that mediates activity-dependent AMPA receptor (AMPAR) exocytosis during long-term potentiation (LTP). Using direct measurements of LTP in acute hippocampal slices and an in vitro LTP model of stimulated AMPAR exocytosis, we demonstrate that the Q-SNARE proteins syntaxin-3 and SNAP-47 are required for regulated AMPAR exocytosis during LTP but not for constitutive basal AMPAR exocytosis. In contrast, the R-SNARE protein synaptobrevin-2/VAMP2 contributes to both regulated and constitutive AMPAR exocytosis. Both the central complexin-binding and N-terminal Munc18-binding sites of syntaxin-3 are essential for its postsynaptic role in LTP. Thus, postsynaptic exocytosis of AMPARs during LTP is mediated by a unique fusion machinery that is distinct from that used during presynaptic neurotransmitter release.

Jurado, Sandra; Goswami, Debanjan; Zhang, Yingsha; Minano Molina, Alfredo J.; Sudhof, Thomas C.; Malenka, Robert C.

2012-01-01

404

Regulation of alternative splicing by the core spliceosomal machinery  

PubMed Central

Alternative splicing (AS) plays a major role in the generation of proteomic diversity and in gene regulation. However, the role of the basal splicing machinery in regulating AS remains poorly understood. Here we show that the core snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein) protein SmB/B? self-regulates its expression by promoting the inclusion of a highly conserved alternative exon in its own pre-mRNA that targets the spliced transcript for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). Depletion of SmB/B? in human cells results in reduced levels of snRNPs and a striking reduction in the inclusion levels of hundreds of additional alternative exons, with comparatively few effects on constitutive exon splicing levels. The affected alternative exons are enriched in genes encoding RNA processing and other RNA-binding factors, and a subset of these exons also regulate gene expression by activating NMD. Our results thus demonstrate a role for the core spliceosomal machinery in controlling an exon network that appears to modulate the levels of many RNA processing factors.

Saltzman, Arneet L.; Pan, Qun; Blencowe, Benjamin J.

2011-01-01

405

Molecular Genetics of the RNA Polymerase II General Transcriptional Machinery  

PubMed Central

Transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II (RNA pol II) requires interaction between cis-acting promoter elements and trans-acting factors. The eukaryotic promoter consists of core elements, which include the TATA box and other DNA sequences that define transcription start sites, and regulatory elements, which either enhance or repress transcription in a gene-specific manner. The core promoter is the site for assembly of the transcription preinitiation complex, which includes RNA pol II and the general transcription fctors TBP, TFIIB, TFIIE, TFIIF, and TFIIH. Regulatory elements bind gene-specific factors, which affect the rate of transcription by interacting, either directly or indirectly, with components of the general transcriptional machinery. A third class of transcription factors, termed coactivators, is not required for basal transcription in vitro but often mediates activation by a broad spectrum of activators. Accordingly, coactivators are neither gene-specific nor general transcription factors, although gene-specific coactivators have been described in metazoan systems. Transcriptional repressors include both gene-specific and general factors. Similar to coactivators, general transcriptional repressors affect the expression of a broad spectrum of genes yet do not repress all genes. General repressors either act through the core transcriptional machinery or are histone related and presumably affect chromatin function. This review focuses on the global effectors of RNA polymerase II transcription in yeast, including the general transcription factors, the coactivators, and the general repressors. Emphasis is placed on the role that yeast genetics has played in identifying these factors and their associated functions.

Hampsey, Michael

1998-01-01

406

Hospital costs associated with agricultural machinery injuries in Ontario.  

PubMed

To assist those responsible for agricultural safety, we: (1) piloted an approach to costing hospitalized farm injuries; and, (2) described ambulance and inpatient costs associated with these injuries in Ontario. Hospital discharge records (hospital separations) for farm machinery injuries in Ontario (n = 1,610) were identified by ICD9-CM E-codes for 1985-1993. Ambulance costs were estimated by the Ontario Ministry of Health. For each case, the hospital costs were calculated by multiplying the case-specific resource intensity weight by the average inpatient cost per weighted case. The costs (1993 Canadian dollars) ranged from $768 to $62,643 and totaled $6.9 million over the study period. Males accounted for 89.8% of the total costs. Tractor injuries accounted for a large proportion of costs (34.3%). The median costs per case varied by type of machinery, ranging from $2,043 for ploughs/disks to $3,366 for augers. Entanglement injuries were responsible for the largest proportion of costs (40.7%), while tractor rollovers accounted for the highest median cost ($3,065). Although these figures represent a fraction of the total costs associated with farm injuries, the results provide one basis from which to justify and target preventive initiatives. This approach to costing may also be widely applicable to other health issues. PMID:9327074

Hartling, L; Pickett, W; Dorland, J; Brison, R J

1997-11-01

407

Pulmonary antioxidant concentrations and oxidative damage in ventilated premature babies  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine the relation between lipid peroxidation and the antioxidants ascorbate, urate, and glutathione in epithelial lining fluid in ventilated premature babies, and to relate the biochemical findings to clinical outcome. Design: A cohort study conducted between January 1999 and June 2001. Setting: A NHS neonatal intensive care unit. Patients: An opportunity sample of 43 ventilated babies of less than 32 weeks gestation. Main outcome measures: The duration of supplementary oxygen according to the definition of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD; oxygen dependency at 36 weeks gestational age). Methods: Epithelial lining fluid was sampled by bronchoalveolar lavage. Ascorbate, urate, glutathione, and malondialdehyde (a marker of lipid peroxidation) were measured. Results: Babies who developed BPD had significantly lower initial glutathione concentrations (mean (SEM) 1.89 (0.62) v 10.76 (2.79) µM; p  =  0.043) and higher malondialdehyde concentrations (mean (SEM) 1.3 (0.31) v 0.345 (0.09) µM; p < 0.05) in the epithelial lining fluid than those who were not oxygen dependent. These variables were poor predictors of the development of BPD. Gestational age, endotracheal infection, and septicaemia had good predictive power. The level of oxidative damage was associated with the presence of endotracheal infection/septicaemia rather than inspired oxygen concentration. Conclusions: Endotracheal infection, septicaemia, and gestational age, rather than antioxidant concentrations, are the most powerful predictors of the development of BPD.

Collard, K; Godeck, S; Holley, J; Quinn, M

2004-01-01

408

[Epidemiological aspects of cytomegalovirus infection in babies aged under one].  

PubMed

Sreening data obtained on babies aged under one and selected by random (1,910 children) or target (2,658 children) choice for cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during the period of 10 years (1992-2001) were compared with mortality rate. The methods used were enzyme immunoassay, immunofluorescence and polymerase chain reaction. The babies were divided as follows: newborn infants (group I), babies aged 1-3 months (group II), 4-6 months (group III) and 7-12 months (group IV). Specific clinical features of CMV infection in newborn infants were studied on 69 cases (37--with CMV monoinfection and 32--with mixed infection). The serological screening revealed a 2.1-fold growth of the infection rate among randomly selected newborn infants during the 10 year period. Positive correlation between the infection rate among children of this age group and the neonatal mortality rate was established. High risk factors of CMV infection were revealed as well as increased infection rate and frequency of clinical cases with the prevailing neurological pathology in group III. Early diagnosis, the exclusion of mixed infections and early adequate therapy were shown to play a decisive role in the outcome of the disease. The algorithm of epidemiological surveillance and the regional program of prophylaxis were worked out. PMID:15554308

Dolgikh, T I; Dalmatov, V V; Gashina, E A; Stasenko, V L; Kosykh, N I; Kmito, N L; Pakhalkova, E V

2004-01-01

409

[Refractory status epilepticus presenting as shaken baby syndrome].  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION. A convulsive status in infants is usually triggered by a febrile syndrome secondary to an intercurrent infection or an infection affecting the central nervous system. Shaken baby syndrome is characterised by its association with bilateral or multifocal haemorrhage, retinal haemorrhage and encephalopathy. Children under one year old are the group with the highest risk, with a maximum incidence reaching a peak between 10 and 16 weeks of age. Intercurrent processes, such as baby colic or febrile syndromes that tend to step up crying, are usually precipitating factors of shaking. CASE REPORTS. We present the cases of two infants who began with a status epilepticus within a context of a febrile syndrome. Imaging tests revealed bilateral subdural haematomas in different stage of progress and bilateral retinal haemorrhages were observed in the fundus oculi of both children. CONCLUSIONS. In a child with an unspecific febrile process that develops a convulsive status, the professional should suspect, in addition to more usual problems, shaken baby syndrome as a possible causation, above all if the child is under six months old. PMID:24915031

Fernandez-Menendez, A; Buenache-Espartosa, R; Coca-Perez, A; Morillo-Carnero, P; Martinez-San Millan, J; Lorenzo-Sanz, G

2014-06-16

410

A task-based analysis of machinery entanglement injuries among Western Canadian farmers.  

PubMed

Machinery entanglements are a leading cause of hospitalized injury on Canadian farms. This study evaluates the role farm tasks play in the occurrence of machinery entanglement events. A retrospective case series of 41 entanglement injuries involving 35 farm-machinery types was assembled. Only a few limited tasks were implicated in the majority of entanglements. These tasks were as follows: (1) field adjustments of machinery; (2) product handling and conveyance; and (3) driveline attachments and servicing. Hazards inherent and common to these tasks affected the behavior of farmers, leading to entanglements. This study establishes a need to identify hazards and assess risks associated with different tasks involving the use of farm machinery under actual field situations. Systemic changes are required to improve existing machinery safety practices through engineering, work methods, and work practice modifications. In addition to design solutions, occupational health and safety strategies should consider activities associated with hazardous situations to inform the content of injury prevention efforts. PMID:21958400

Narasimhan, Gopinath; Crowe, Trever G; Peng, Yingwei; Hagel, Louise; Dosman, James; Pickett, William

2011-10-01

411

Newborn jaundice - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... under bright lights (phototherapy) in a warm, enclosed bed. They will wear only a diaper and special eye shades. Your baby may have an intravenous (IV) line to give them fluids. Rarely, your baby may need treatment called a ...

412

Born too soon: care for the preterm baby.  

PubMed

As part of a supplement entitled “Born Too Soon”, this paper focuses on care of the preterm newborn. An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications of preterm birth, and around one million more where preterm birth is a risk factor, especially amongst those who are also growth restricted. Most premature babies (>80%) are between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and many die needlessly for lack of simple care. We outline a series of packages of care that build on essential care for every newborn comprising support for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, thermal care, and hygienic cord and skin care. For babies who do not breathe at birth, rapid neonatal resuscitation is crucial. Extra care for small babies, including Kangaroo Mother Care, and feeding support, can halve mortality in babies weighing <2000 g. Case management of newborns with signs of infection, safe oxygen management and supportive care for those with respiratory complications, and care for those with significant jaundice are all critical, and are especially dependent on competent nursing care. Neonatal intensive care units in high income settings are de-intensifying care, for example increasing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and this makes comprehensive preterm care more transferable. For health systems in low and middle income settings with increasing facility births, district hospitals are the key frontier for improving obstetric and neonatal care, and some large scale programmes now include specific newborn care strategies. However there are still around 50 million births outside facilities, hence home visits for mothers and newborns, as well as women’s groups are crucial for reaching these families, often the poorest. A fundamental challenge is improving programmatic tracking data for coverage and quality, and measuring disability-free survival. The power of parent’s voices has been important in high-income countries in bringing attention to preterm newborns, but is still missing from the most affected countries. PMID:24625233

Lawn, Joy E; Davidge, Ruth; Paul, Vinod K; von Xylander, Severin; de Graft Johnson, Joseph; Costello, Anthony; Kinney, Mary V; Segre, Joel; Molyneux, Liz

2013-01-01

413

Regulation of Host Translational Machinery by African Swine Fever Virus  

PubMed Central

African swine fever virus (ASFV), like other complex DNA viruses, deploys a variety of strategies to evade the host's defence systems, such as inflammatory and immune responses and cell death. Here, we analyse the modifications in the translational machinery induced by ASFV. During ASFV infection, eIF4G and eIF4E are phosphorylated (Ser1108 and Ser209, respectively), whereas 4E-BP1 is hyperphosphorylated at early times post infection and hypophosphorylated after 18 h. Indeed, a potent increase in eIF4F assembly is observed in ASFV-infected cells, which is prevented by rapamycin treatment. Phosphorylation of eIF4E, eIF4GI and 4E-BP1 is important to enhance viral protein production, but is not essential for ASFV infection as observed in rapamycin- or CGP57380-treated cells. Nevertheless, eIF4F components are indispensable for ASFV protein synthesis and virus spread, since eIF4E or eIF4G depletion in COS-7 or Vero cells strongly prevents accumulation of viral proteins and decreases virus titre. In addition, eIF4F is not only activated but also redistributed within the viral factories at early times of infection, while eIF4G and eIF4E are surrounding these areas at late times. In fact, other components of translational machinery such as eIF2?, eIF3b, eIF4E, eEF2 and ribosomal P protein are enriched in areas surrounding ASFV factories. Notably, the mitochondrial network is polarized in ASFV-infected cells co-localizing with ribosomes. Thus, translation and ATP synthesis seem to be coupled and compartmentalized at the periphery of viral factories. At later times after ASFV infection, polyadenylated mRNAs disappear from the cytoplasm of Vero cells, except within the viral factories. The distribution of these pools of mRNAs is similar to the localization of viral late mRNAs. Therefore, degradation of cellular polyadenylated mRNAs and recruitment of the translation machinery to viral factories may contribute to the inhibition of host protein synthesis, facilitating ASFV protein production in infected cells.

Castello, Alfredo; Quintas, Ana; Sanchez, Elena G.; Sabina, Prado; Nogal, Marisa; Carrasco, Luis; Revilla, Yolanda

2009-01-01

414

Regulation of host translational machinery by African swine fever virus.  

PubMed

African swine fever virus (ASFV), like other complex DNA viruses, deploys a variety of strategies to evade the host's defence systems, such as inflammatory and immune responses and cell death. Here, we analyse the modifications in the translational machinery induced by ASFV. During ASFV infection, eIF4G and eIF4E are phosphorylated (Ser1108 and Ser209, respectively), whereas 4E-BP1 is hyperphosphorylated at early times post infection and hypophosphorylated after 18 h. Indeed, a potent increase in eIF4F assembly is observed in ASFV-infected cells, which is prevented by rapamycin treatment. Phosphorylation of eIF4E, eIF4GI and 4E-BP1 is important to enhance viral protein production, but is not essential for ASFV infection as observed in rapamycin- or CGP57380-treated cells. Nevertheless, eIF4F components are indispensable for ASFV protein synthesis and virus spread, since eIF4E or eIF4G depletion in COS-7 or Vero cells strongly prevents accumulation of viral proteins and decreases virus titre. In addition, eIF4F is not only activated but also redistributed within the viral factories at early times of infection, while eIF4G and eIF4E are surrounding these areas at late times. In fact, other components of translational machinery such as eIF2alpha, eIF3b, eIF4E, eEF2 and ribosomal P protein are enriched in areas surrounding ASFV factories. Notably, the mitochondrial network is polarized in ASFV-infected cells co-localizing with ribosomes. Thus, translation and ATP synthesis seem to be coupled and compartmentalized at the periphery of viral factories. At later times after ASFV infection, polyadenylated mRNAs disappear from the cytoplasm of Vero cells, except within the viral factories. The distribution of these pools of mRNAs is similar to the localization of viral late mRNAs. Therefore, degradation of cellular polyadenylated mRNAs and recruitment of the translation machinery to viral factories may contribute to the inhibition of host protein synthesis, facilitating ASFV protein production in infected cells. PMID:19714237

Castelló, Alfredo; Quintas, Ana; Sánchez, Elena G; Sabina, Prado; Nogal, Marisa; Carrasco, Luis; Revilla, Yolanda

2009-08-01

415

An innovative simplified MCH score for assessing the ideal babies in well baby shows of postpartum outreach programme.  

PubMed

In India, a simple scoring method was used to select winners at 18 well-baby shows over the last five years in low-income areas of Kotla Mubarakpur and Gautam Nagar, in the Rajeev Gandhi Resettlement Colony, in jhuggi jhopri clusters around the All Institute of Medical Sciences (AAIMS) in New Delhi, and in the Bangladeshi refugee colony (Kidwai Nagar). The parameters used to select ideal babies were parents' age at marriage and educational status, mother's age at first birth, number of living children in relation to marriage duration, immunization status of living children, birth interval, contraceptive use, and routine criteria on general health and hygiene. Winners were chosen among infants, toddlers (1-2 years), and preschool children (2-5). Health promotional activities, maternal and child health (MCH) services, and family planning (FP) services were featured at the health camps where the well-baby shows occurred. 60-90 children and 100-2000 couples participated in the well-baby shows. Health workers explained to parents of children with a poor score why their children had a poor score. At the health camps, parents adopted FP methods and had their children immunized, regardless of score, so as to improve their score for the next show and to win prizes. The well-baby scores improved over time (24.64-31.2 for Kotla Mubarakpur, 19-24.6 for Gautam Nagar, 20.9-22.4 for Rajeev Gandhi, 20.6-23.6 for AIIMS jhuggi, and 13.6-21.4 for Kidwai Nagar). A weekly clinic operating in Kotla Mubarakpur accounted for the high initial mean score. Gautam Nagar had only periodic health services. A weekly mobile health van provided services in the Rajeev Gandhi colony. Door to door contacts were conducted in the jhuggi jhopri clusters to promote MCH/FP services. The scoring method reinforced integration of MCH/FP services. It allowed local health workers to make rapid analyses and MCH decision making. It also served as a tool to monitor the efficacy of local MCH/FP services. PMID:12319818

Anandalakshmy, P N; Mittal, S

1995-01-01

416

DIATOM BIOGEOGRAPHY AND WATER BABIES: THE SEARCH FOR MEANING AMONG THE PROTISTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

“But there are no such things as water-babies.”“How do you know that? Have you been there to see? And if you had been there to see, and had seen none, that would not prove that there was none. And no one has a right to say no water-babies exist till they have seen no water-babies existing; which is quite a

David M. Williams; Geraldine Reid

2006-01-01

417

Percutaneous catheterisation of the radial artery in newborn babies using transillumination.  

PubMed Central

A technique for inserting radial artery catheters percutaneously in newborn babies using transillumination is described. Catheterisation was successful in 69% of the 107 babies in whom it was attempted. In the last 30 attempts there was an 85% success rate with an average useful life of 100 hours. The average weight of these babies was 1405 g, with a range of 620--4250 g. The method has several advantages over previous methods. Images Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4

Pearse, R G

1978-01-01

418

Protective effect of vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopherol) against intraventricular haemorrhage in premature babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty four babies, of less than 32 weeks' gestation, were either randomly given 25 mg\\/kg vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopherol acetate) intramuscularly after birth (day 0) and on days 1, 2, and 3 or served as controls. Frequent real time ultrasound examinations of the brain were made in each baby during the first week and less frequently thereafter. In babies under 32

M L Chiswick; M Johnson; C Woodhall; M Gowland; J Davies; N Toner; D G Sims

1983-01-01

419

Neonatal anthropometry: the thin–fat Indian baby. The Pune Maternal Nutrition Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To examine body size and fat measurements of babies born in rural India and compare them with white Caucasian babies born in an industrialised country.DESIGN: Community-based observational study in rural India, and comparison with data from an earlier study in the UK, measured using similar methods.SUBJECTS: A total of 631 term babies born in six rural villages, near the

C S Yajnik; C H D Fall; K J Coyaji; S S Hirve; S Rao; D J P Barker; C Joglekar; S Kellingray

2003-01-01

420

Production, quality evaluation and storage stability of vegetable protein-based baby foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on the preparation of highly nutritious, soy-based baby food have been carried out. Soymilk was prepared and different formulations of baby food, based on soymilk and cereals, such as rice, wheat and corn, were finalized. Physico-chemical characteristics, biological, microbiological and shelf-life studies of the prepared products were carried out. Baby foods prepared from soymilk with corn, soymilk with rice

S. Wadud; H. Abid; H. Ara; S. Kosar; W. H. Shah

2004-01-01

421

Programmable genetic switches to control transcriptional machinery of pluripotency.  

PubMed

Transcriptional activators play a central role in the regulation of gene expression and have the ability to manipulate the specification of cell fate. Pluripotency is a transient state where a cell has the potential to develop into more than one type of mature cell. The induction of pluripotency in differentiated cells requires extensive chromatin reorganization regulated by core transcriptional machinery. Several small molecules have been shown to enhance the efficiency of somatic cell reprogramming into pluripotent stem cells. However, entirely chemical-based reprogramming remains elusive. Recently, we reported that selective DNA-binding hairpin pyrrole-imidazole polyamides conjugated with histone deacetylase inhibitor could mimic natural transcription factors and epigenetically activate certain pluripotency-associated genes. Here, we review the need to develop selective chromatin-modifying transcriptional activators for somatic genome reprogramming. PMID:22588775

Pandian, Ganesh N; Sugiyama, Hiroshi

2012-06-01

422

The synapse and cytolytic machinery of cytotoxic T cells  

PubMed Central

Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) rapidly kill target cells via the release of lytic granules into the immunological synapse, a process directed by the docking of the centrosome at the plasma membrane. New evidence highlights how signal strength and avidity influence the recruitment of cytolytic machinery to the synapse, and the role of each synaptic compartment. Release of cytolytic effector proteins, including perforin and FasL, is controlled at multiple levels and is also influenced by the avidity of the interaction. New imaging technologies and the use of photoactivatable peptides have allowed the dissection of signalling molecules involved in each step of the cytolytic process. This review highlights the important role of avidity in controlling how a T cell kills its target.

Jenkins, Misty R; Griffiths, Gillian M

2014-01-01

423

Autophagic machinery activated by dengue virus enhances virus replication  

SciTech Connect

Autophagy is a cellular response against stresses which include the infection of viruses and bacteria. We unravel that Dengue virus-2 (DV2) can trigger autophagic process in various infected cell lines demonstrated by GFP-LC3 dot formation and increased LC3-II formation. Autophagosome formation was also observed under the transmission electron microscope. DV2-induced autophagy further enhances the titers of extracellular and intracellular viruses indicating that autophagy can promote viral replication in the infected cells. Moreover, our data show that ATG5 protein is required to execute DV2-induced autophagy. All together, we are the first to demonstrate that DV can activate autophagic machinery that is favorable for viral replication.

Lee, Y.-R. [Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lei, H.-Y. [Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Liu, M.-T. [Tainan Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Wang, J.-R. [Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Chen, S.-H. [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Jiang-Shieh, Y.-F. [Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lin, Y.-S. [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Yeh, T.-M. [Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Liu, C.-C. [Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Liu, H.-S. [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: a713@mail.ncku.edu.tw

2008-05-10

424

Ketamine regulates the presynaptic release machinery in the hippocampus  

PubMed Central

In the search for new drug targets, that may help point the way to develop fast-acting treatments for mood disorders, we have explored molecular pathways regulated by ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, which has consistently shown antidepressant response within a few hours of administration. Using Sprague-Dawley rats we investigated the effects of ketamine on the presynaptic release machinery responsible for neurotransmitter release at 1, 2 and 4 h as well as 7 days after administration of a single subanesthetic dose of ketamine (15 mg/kg). A large reduction in the accumulation of SNARE complexes was observed in hippocampal synaptic membranes after 1, 2 and 4 h of ketamine administration. In parallel, we found a selective reduction in the expression of the synaptic vesicle protein synaptotagmin I and an increase in the levels of synapsin I in hippocampal synaptosomes suggesting a mechanism by which ketamine reduces SNARE complex formation, in part, by regulating the number of synaptic vesicles in the nerve terminals. Moreover, ketamine reduced Thr286-phosphorylated ?CaMKII and its interaction with syntaxin 1A, which identifies CaMKII as a potential target for second messenger-mediated actions of ketamine. In addition, despite previous reports of ketamine-induced inhibition of GSK-3, we were unable to detect regulation of its activity after ketamine administration. Our findings demonstrate that ketamine rapidly induces changes in the hippocampal presynaptic machinery similar to those that are obtained only with chronic treatments with traditional antidepressants. This suggests that reduction of neurotransmitter release in the hippocampus has possible relevance for the rapid antidepressant effect of ketamine.

Muller, Heidi Kaastrup; Wegener, Gregers; Liebenberg, Nico; Zarate, Carlos A.; Popoli, Maurizio; Elfving, Betina

2013-01-01

425

Membrane fusion in cells: molecular machinery and mechanisms.  

PubMed

Membrane fusion is a sine qua non process for cell physiology. It is critical for membrane biogenesis, intracellular traffic, and cell secretion. Although investigated for over a century, only in the last 15 years, the molecular machinery and mechanism of membrane fusion has been deciphered. The membrane fusion event elicits essentially three actors on stage: anionic phospholipids - phosphatidylinositols, phosphatidyl serines, specific membrane proteins, and the calcium ions, all participating in a well orchestrated symphony. Three soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF)-attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) have been implicated in membrane fusion. Target membrane proteins, SNAP-25 and syntaxin (t- SNARE) and secretory vesicle-associated membrane protein (v-SNARE) or VAMPwere discovered in the 1990's and suggested to be the minimal fusion machinery. Subsequently, the molecular mechanism of SNARE-induced membrane fusion was discovered. It was demonstrated that when t-SNARE-associated lipid membrane is exposed to v-SNARE-associated vesicles in the presence of Ca(2+), the SNARE proteins interact in a circular array to form conducting channels, thus establishing continuity between the opposing bilayers. Further it was proved that SNAREs bring opposing bilayers close to within a distance of 2-3 Angstroms, allowing Ca(2+) to bridge them. The bridging of bilayers by Ca(2+) then leads to the expulsion of water between the bilayers at the contact site, allowing lipid mixing and membrane fusion. Calcium bridging of opposing bilayers leads to the release of water, both from the water shell of hydrated Ca(2+) ions, as well as the displacement of loosely coordinated water at the phosphate head groups in the lipid membrane. These discoveries provided for the first time, the molecular mechanism of SNARE-induced membrane fusion in cells. Some of the seminal discoveries are briefly discussed in this minireview. PMID:16796809

Leabu, M

2006-01-01

426

Why are there so many diverse replication machineries?  

PubMed

The replicon model has initiated a major research line in molecular biology: the study of DNA replication mechanisms. Until now, the majority of studies have focused on a limited set of model organisms, mainly from Bacteria or Opisthokont eukaryotes (human, yeasts) and a few viral systems. However, molecular evolutionists have shown that the living world is more complex and diverse than believed when the operon model was proposed. Comparison of DNA replication proteins in the three domains, Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya, have surprisingly revealed the existence of two distinct sets of non-homologous cellular DNA replication proteins, one in Bacteria and the other in Archaea and Eukarya, suggesting that the last universal common ancestor possibly still had an RNA genome. A major puzzle is the presence in eukaryotes of the unfaithful DNA polymerase alpha (Pol ?) to prime Okazaki fragments. Interestingly, Pol ? is specifically involved in telomere biosynthesis, and its absence in Archaea correlates with the absence of telomeres. The recent discovery of telomere-like GC quartets in eukaryotic replication origins suggests a link between Pol ? and the overall organization of the eukaryotic chromosome. As previously proposed by Takemura, Pol ? might have originated from a mobile element of viral origin that played a critical role in the emergence of the complex eukaryotic genomes. Notably, most large DNA viruses encode DNA replication proteins very divergent from their cellular counterparts. The diversity of viral replication machineries compared to cellular ones suggests that DNA and DNA replication mechanisms first originated and diversified in the ancient virosphere, possibly explaining why they are so many different types of replication machinerie. PMID:24075868

Forterre, Patrick

2013-11-29

427

Ketamine regulates the presynaptic release machinery in the hippocampus.  

PubMed

In the search for new drug targets, that may help point the way to develop fast-acting treatments for mood disorders, we have explored molecular pathways regulated by ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, which has consistently shown antidepressant response within a few hours of administration. Using Sprague-Dawley rats we investigated the effects of ketamine on the presynaptic release machinery responsible for neurotransmitter release at 1, 2 and 4 h as well as 7 days after administration of a single subanesthetic dose of ketamine (15 mg/kg). A large reduction in the accumulation of SNARE complexes was observed in hippocampal synaptic membranes after 1, 2 and 4 h of ketamine administration. In parallel, we found a selective reduction in the expression of the synaptic vesicle protein synaptotagmin I and an increase in the levels of synapsin I in hippocampal synaptosomes suggesting a mechanism by which ketamine reduces SNARE complex formation, in part, by regulating the number of synaptic vesicles in the nerve terminals. Moreover, ketamine reduced Thr(286)-phosphorylated ?CaMKII and its interaction with syntaxin 1A, which identifies CaMKII as a potential target for second messenger-mediated actions of ketamine. In addition, despite previous reports of ketamine-induced inhibition of GSK-3, we were unable to detect regulation of its activity after ketamine administration. Our findings demonstrate that ketamine rapidly induces changes in the hippocampal presynaptic machinery similar to those that are obtained only with chronic treatments with traditional antidepressants. This suggests that reduction of neurotransmitter release in the hippocampus has possible relevance for the rapid antidepressant effect of ketamine. PMID:23548331

Müller, Heidi Kaastrup; Wegener, Gregers; Liebenberg, Nico; Zarate, Carlos A; Popoli, Maurizio; Elfving, Betina

2013-07-01

428

Baby Schema in Infant Faces Induces Cuteness Perception and Motivation for Caretaking in Adults.  

PubMed

Ethologist Konrad Lorenz proposed that baby schema ('Kindchenschema') is a set of infantile physical features such as the large head, round face and big eyes that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in other individuals, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. Previous work on this fundamental concept was restricted to schematic baby representations or correlative approaches. Here, we experimentally tested the effects of baby schema on the perception of cuteness and the motivation for caretaking using photographs of infant faces. Employing quantitative techniques, we parametrically manipulated the baby schema content to produce infant faces with high (e.g. round face and high forehead), and low (e. g. narrow face and low forehead) baby schema features that retained all the characteristics of a photographic portrait. Undergraduate students (n = 122) rated these infants' cuteness and their motivation to take care of them. The high baby schema infants were rated as more cute and elicited stronger motivation for caretaking than the unmanipulated and the low baby schema infants. This is the first experimental proof of the baby schema effects in actual infant faces. Our findings indicate that the baby schema response is a critical function of human social cognition that may be the basis of caregiving and have implications for infant-caretaker interactions. PMID:22267884

Glocker, Melanie L; Langleben, Daniel D; Ruparel, Kosha; Loughead, James W; Gur, Ruben C; Sachser, Norbert

2009-03-01

429

An Exploratory Investigation of Some Statistical Summaries of Oximeter Oxygen Saturation Data from Preterm Babies  

PubMed Central

Aim. To explore the potential usefulness of the mean, standard deviation (SD), and coefficient of variation (CV = SD/mean) of oximeter oxygen saturations in the clinical care of preterm babies. Methods. This was an exploratory investigation involving 31 preterm babies at 36 weeks postmenstrual age. All babies were healthy, but two were considered to be clinically unstable and required greater attention. Each baby's oxygen saturations were recorded using an oximeter and summarized by the mean, SD, and CV. The potential usefulness of each measure was assessed by its ability to distinguish the two unstable babies from the others. This was achieved using box plots and hierarchical clustering together with the Calinski-Harabasz (CH) index to quantify clustering performance (higher CH index indicates stronger clustering outcome). Results. The box plots flagged both unstable babies as outliers and none of the other babies. Successful clustering of the stable and unstable babies was achieved using the CV (CH = 72.8) and SD (CH = 63.3) but not with the mean. Conclusion. Taking the box plots and clustering results together, it seems plausible that variability might be more effective than mean level for detecting instability in oxygen saturation in preterm babies and that the combination of variability and level through the CV might be even better.

Lee, Dominic S.; Zahari, Marina; Russell, Glynn; Darlow, Brian A.; Scarrott, Carl J.; Reale, Marco

2011-01-01

430

Mobile health evaluation methods: the Text4baby case study.  

PubMed

Mobile phones have been shown effective in several public health domains. However, there are few evaluations of the effectiveness of mobile health in health promotion. Also, although many studies have referenced behavioral theory, none appears to have explicitly tested theoretical assumptions or demonstrated mechanisms of change. More robust evaluation models that incorporate theory and measurement of behavioral mediators are needed. As in all public health programs, mobile health operates within a social ecological context. For example, organizational- and individual-level programs seek to influence health and health care practices and individual health behaviors. New programs such as Text4baby demonstrate how theory and explicit testing of mediators can be incorporated in evaluations. There are challenges and opportunities facing mHealth evaluations given the nature of the mobile channel. Mobile communication is ubiquitous, available at all times and places, and thus experimental control is often difficult. Natural experiments using variation in dosage of mHealth and place- or location-based designs may increase experimental control. Text4baby is a text messaging program that provides prenatal care messages to pregnant women and new mothers. It uses a partnership model with health care facilities often serving as local implementation partners. The authors review a case example of the evaluation of Text4baby at Madigan Army Medical Center. Participants were randomized to usual prenatal care plus text messaging or usual care alone. The evaluation has a theoretical model of behavior change and measures mediators as well as behavioral outcomes. Results will inform how behavioral theory works within mobile health programs. PMID:22548595

Evans, W Douglas; Abroms, Lorien C; Poropatich, Ronald; Nielsen, Peter E; Wallace, Jasmine L

2012-01-01

431

Fuel use and emissions for non road machinery in Denmark 1985- 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the new Danish 1985-2020 emission inventory for non road machinery. Stock and operational data are from different statistical sources, research institutes, relevant professional bodies and machinery manufacturers. Updated fuel use and emission factors originate from various measurement programmes. Future factors are tailored to the current EU emission legislation. Beyond the basic calculation approach, the emission computations take

Morten WINTHER; Ole-Kenneth Nielsen

432

Modulation of an Early Step in the Secretory Machinery in Hippocampal Nerve Terminals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In hippocampal neurons, neurotransmitter release can be regulated by protein kinase A (PKA) through a direct action on the secretory machinery. To identify the site of PKA modulation, we have taken advantage of the ability of the neurotoxin Botulinum A to cleave the synaptic protein SNAP-25. Cleavage of this protein decreases the Ca2+ responsiveness of the secretory machinery by partially

Louis-Eric Trudeau; Yu Fang; Philip G. Haydon

1998-01-01

433

Development of acoustic emission and vibration monitoring instrument for rotating machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new generation instrument was developed for condition monitoring of rotating machinery. By detecting four channels of acoustic emission (AE) signal and four channels of vibration signal, the instrument can monitor the vibration and rubbing conditions of rotating machinery on-line and locate the rubbing fault approximately. It contributes to a correct diagnosis for fault reasons by analyzing the vibration and AE signals.

Shao, Yongbo; Zhang, Aiping; Ye, Rongxue; Cui, Naidong

1995-08-01

434

46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL. 32.56-30 Section 32.56-30 Shipping COAST...56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decksâT/ALL. (a) Bulkheads and decks that separate category A...

2013-10-01

435

Similarity based modeling of time synchronous averaged vibration signals for machinery health monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monitoring rotating machinery is often accomplished with the aid of vibration sensors. The vibration sensor signals contain a wealth of complex information that characterizes the dynamic behavior of the machinery. Transforming this information into useful knowledge about the health of the machine can be challenging due to the presence of extraneous noise sources and variations in the vibration signal itself.

Stephan W. Wegerich

2004-01-01

436

Machinery Repairman 3 & 2. Rate Training Manual and Nonresident Career Course. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Rate Training Manual (textbook) and Nonresident Career Course form a correspondence self-study package to teach the theoretical knowledge and mental skills needed by the Machinery Repairman Third Class and Second Class. The 15 chapters in the textbook are (1) Scope of the Machinery Repairman Rating; (2) Toolrooms and Tools; (3) Layout and…

Bynum, Michael H.; Taylor, Edward A.

437

46 CFR 35.25-1 - Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer-T/ALL...Department § 35.25-1 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineerâT/ALL...an engineer when assuming charge of the boilers to examine the same forthwith...

2013-10-01

438

An Analysis of the Skills Required of Agricultural Mechanics at Retail Farm Machinery Dealerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine needs for teaching various competencies in agricultural mechanics courses, a study was conducted to determine the types and frequencies of service/repair operations performed by an Arizona agricultural machinery company from January 1 to June 30, 1981. Data were obtained from 1,232 service orders at the Arizona Machinery

Jacobs, Clinton O.; Mulcahy, John V.

439

The Negro in the Farm Equipment and Construction Machinery Industries. The Racial Policies of American Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study covers two related industries in which Negro employment has historical roots, the farm machinery and construction machinery industries. As in several other studies in this series, emphasis is on the major companies in the industries. This emphasis may reflect a more favorable picture of black employment progress than the average, due to…

Ozanne, Robert; Klemp, Elsa

440

Opportunities and Requirements for Entry into the Agricultural Machinery Mechanics Trade. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data about the farm machinery mechanics trade were obtained from 51 managers of farm machinery dealerships in Texas to determine the content that should be included in courses of study designed to train persons to enter the occupation, and to obtain information about the occupation that would be useful to persons considering the trade as an…

Webb, Earl S.

441

HYDRAULIC POWER TRANSFER SYSTEMS. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE OF A SERIES DESIGNED TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY-LEVEL STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS, THIS GUIDE AIMS TO DEVELOP STUDENT COMPETENCY IN UNDERSTANDING BASIC HYDRAULICS AND ITS APPLICATION TO AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

442

Assessment of machinery energy ratio in potato production by means of artificial neural network  

Microsoft Academic Search

A single hidden layer Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model was developed to estimate a machinery energy ratio (MER) indicator, used to characterize and assess mechanization status of potato farms in Iran with a view point of energy expenditure in farm machinery. A wide range of variables of farming activities were examined. Initially, 90 attributes were used as input variables to

M. Zangeneh; M. Omid; A. Akram

2010-01-01

443

The Case of the Crying Baby Surgical vs. Medical Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The parents of a six-week-old baby girl know there is something seriously wrong with their child, but it takes a number of frustrating visits to the pediatrician before they finally get a correct diagnosis. Once they do, the parents must decide whether they want to seek a surgical solution or rely on a course of medical treatment for their daughter. Best suited for classes in pharmacology, nursing, or medicine, this case could also be used in a basic biology or anatomy course.

Mergenhagen, Kari A.

2003-01-01

444

Genome-Scale Modeling of the Protein Secretory Machinery in Yeast  

PubMed Central

The protein secretory machinery in Eukarya is involved in post-translational modification (PTMs) and sorting of the secretory and many transmembrane proteins. While the secretory machinery has been well-studied using classic reductionist approaches, a holistic view of its complex nature is lacking. Here, we present the first genome-scale model for the yeast secretory machinery which captures the knowledge generated through more than 50 years of research. The model is based on the concept of a Protein Specific Information Matrix (PSIM: characterized by seven PTMs features). An algorithm was developed which mimics secretory machinery and assigns each secretory protein to a particular secretory class that determines the set of PTMs and transport steps specific to each protein. Protein abundances were integrated with the model in order to gain system level estimation of the metabolic demands associated with the processing of each specific protein as well as a quantitative estimation of the activity of each component of the secretory machinery.

Feizi, Amir; Osterlund, Tobias; Petranovic, Dina; Bordel, Sergio; Nielsen, Jens

2013-01-01

445

Implementing and revitalizing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative.  

PubMed

The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched in the 1990s by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF as a global effort with hospitals, health services, and parents to ensure babies are breastfed for the best start in life. It is one of the Operational Targets of the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding endorsed in 2002 by the Fifty-Fifth World Health Assembly and the UNICEF Executive Board. After about 18 years, great progress has been made, and most countries have breastfeeding authorities or BFHI coordinating groups. The BFHI has led to increased rates of exclusive breastfeeding, which are reflected in improved health and survival. Based on this progress, the Initiative was streamlined according to the experience of the countries and materials were revised. The new package consolidated all WHO and UNICEF materials into one package, reflected new research and experience, revisited the criteria used for the BFHI in light of HIV/ AIDS, reinforced the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes, provided modules for mother-friendly care, and gave more guidance for monitoring and reassessment. WHO and partners will continue to give support to BFHI implementation as one essential effort contributing to achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. PMID:20496615

Saadeh, Randa; Casanovas, Carmen

2009-06-01

446

Measuring prenatal secondhand smoke exposure in mother-baby couplets  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Pregnant women often underreport their smoking status and extent of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Biomarker confirmation is the recommended method to assess smoking behaviors and SHS exposure in both mothers and infants. Objectives: The primary aims are to (a) examine the relationship between smoking behaviors and SHS exposure in mother–baby couplets using maternal and infant hair nicotine and maternal urine cotinine analyses and (b) determine whether there is an association between maternal and infant hair nicotine samples obtained shortly after birth. Discussion: A cross-sectional study with a multiethnic sample of 210 mother–baby couplets assessing SHS exposure. Results: The level of maternal hair nicotine (MHN) was significantly different among three groups: nonsmoking, nonsmoking/passive exposed, and smoking (p < .0001), with nonsmoking and nonexposed women having the lowest level. Urine cotinine was strongly associated with self-reported smoking status (? = .88; p < .0001). Maternal and infant hair nicotine were correlated, although MHN correlated more strongly with smoking status (? = .46, p < .0001) than infant hair nicotine (? = .39, p < .0001). Conclusions: MHN was a more precise biomarker of prenatal SHS exposure than infant hair nicotine; mothers’ urine cotinine was strongly correlated with self-reported smoking status.

Hahn, Ellen; Hall, Lynne; Rayens, Mary K.; Noland, Melody; Collins, Rebecca

2010-01-01

447

[Blueberry muffin baby. A rare presentation of congenital cytomegalovirus infection].  

PubMed

The 'blueberry muffin baby' designation was used to describe the cutaneous manifestations of congenital rubella. The differential diagnosis includes other TORCH infections, blood dyscrasias, neoplasms, or vascular disorders. We present a case of a newborn admitted at birth for presenting disseminated violaceous cutaneous nodules. Pregnancy was full term and without infectious complications, with prenatal diagnosis of restrictive intrauterine growth, hydramnios and suspected esophageal atresia. Maternal serology with no evidence of infection. The newborn blood study showed thrombocytopenia, direct hyperbilirubinemia, elevated transaminases and coagulopathy. During hospitalization he showed progressive hepatosplenomegaly. Skin biopsy showed extramedullary erythropoiesis. Myelogram revealed absence of megakaryocytic line precursors. The molecular analysis for cytomegalovirus in peripheral blood and bone marrow was positive. Cerebral ultrasound examination revealed bilateral calcifications and periventricular hyperechogenicity. The placental anatomopathological exam showed features suggestive of cytomegalovirus infection. On the fifth day of life was initiated ganciclovir. This case presentation is intended to emphasize that although it is a rare manifestation, congenital cytomegalovirus infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of 'blueberry muffin baby'. PMID:22856417

Martins, Sofia; Rocha, Gustavo; Silva, Goretti; Calistru, Ana; Pissarra, Susana; Guimarães, Hercília

2011-12-01

448

Shaken baby syndrome: pathogenetic mechanism, clinical features and preventive aspects.  

PubMed

The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is an extremely serious form of child abuse and a leading cause of death and disability in childhood. The syndrome usually occurs in infants younger than 1 year when a parent or a care-giver tries to stop the baby from crying by vigorous manual shaking. The repetitive oscillations with rotational acceleration of the head can result in injuries of both vascular and neuronal structures. The most frequent injuries associated with SBS include encephalopathy, retinal hemorrhages, and subdural hemorrhage. Fractures of the vertebrae, long bones, and ribs may also be associated with the syndrome. Victims of abuse have various presenting signs and symptoms ranging from irritability, decreased responsiveness and lethargy to convulsions, and death. Diagnosis is often difficult because usually parents or caregivers not tell the truth about what has happened to their child and because usually there is no external evidence of trauma. However, the syndrome might be suspected if the information provided are vague or changing and when the child presents with retinal hemorrhages, subdural hematoma, or fractures that cannot be explained by accidental trauma or other medical conditions. Of infants who are victims of SBS, approximately 15% to 38% die and 30% are at risk of long-term neurologic sequelae, including cognitive and behavioural disturbances, motor and visual deficits, learning deficits and epilepsy. Parents and caregivers must be warned about the dangers of shaking infants. PMID:23108326

Vitale, A; Vicedomini, D; Vega, G R; Greco, N; Messi, G

2012-12-01

449

Plasma vitamin K1 in mothers and their newborn babies.  

PubMed

Plasma vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) was assayed in normal adults and pregnant women at term and their babies by a method based on high-performance liquid chromatography. The mean plasma concentration in 30 healthy, fasting adults was 0.26 ng/ml (range 0.10-0.66). 8 out of 9 healthy mothers at term had a mean K1 concentration of 0.20 ng/ml (range 0.13-0.29), but K1 was not detected in the cord plasma of their babies. 1 mg vitamin K1 given intravenously to 6 mothers shortly before delivery raised their plasma K1 to 45-93 ng/ml: K1 was then detectable in the cord plasma of 4 of the 6 infants but at a much lower concentration which did not exceed 0.14 ng/ml. The large concentration gradient between maternal and neonatal plasma suggests that vitamin K1 does not cross the placenta readily or that the uptake by fetal plasma is low, perhaps because of low levels of a binding lipoprotein. The low levels of vitamin K in the cord plasma of the normal newborn would explain "physiological" hypoprothrombinaemia and suggest the need to reassess current clinical practice in respect of vitamin K prophylaxis in the early neonatal period. PMID:6125638

Shearer, M J; Rahim, S; Barkhan, P; Stimmler, L

1982-08-28

450

46 CFR 167.65-70 - Reports of accidents, repairs, and unsafe boilers and machinery by engineers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Reports of accidents, repairs, and unsafe boilers and machinery by engineers. 167...Reports of accidents, repairs, and unsafe boilers and machinery by engineers. (a) Before making repairs to a boiler of a nautical school ship the...

2013-10-01

451

Born Too Soon: Care for the preterm baby  

PubMed Central

As part of a supplement entitled "Born Too Soon", this paper focuses on care of the preterm newborn. An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications of preterm birth, and around one million more where preterm birth is a risk factor, especially amongst those who are also growth restricted. Most premature babies (>80%) are between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and many die needlessly for lack of simple care. We outline a series of packages of care that build on essential care for every newborn comprising support for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, thermal care, and hygienic cord and skin care. For babies who do not breathe at birth, rapid neonatal resuscitation is crucial. Extra care for small babies, including Kangaroo Mother Care, and feeding support, can halve mortality in babies weighing <2000 g. Case management of newborns with signs of infection, safe oxygen management and supportive care for those with respiratory complications, and care for those with significant jaundice are all critical, and are especially dependent on competent nursing care. Neonatal intensive care units in high income settings are de-intensifying care, for example increasing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and this makes comprehensive preterm care more transferable. For health systems in low and middle income settings with increasing facility births, district hospitals are the key frontier for improving obstetric and neonatal care, and some large scale programmes now include specific newborn care strategies. However there are still around 50 million births outside facilities, hence home visits for mothers and newborns, as well as women's groups are crucial for reaching these families, often the poorest. A fundamental challenge is improving programmatic tracking data for coverage and quality, and measuring disability-free survival. The power of parent's voices has been important in high-income countries in bringing attention to preterm newborns, but is still missing from the most affected countries. Declaration This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). The original article was published in PDF format in the WHO Report "Born Too Soon: the global action report on preterm birth" (ISBN 978 92 4 150343 30), which involved collaboration from more than 50 organizations. The article has been reformatted for journal publication and has undergone peer review according to Reproductive Health's standard process for supplements and may feature some variations in content when compared to the original report. This co-publication makes the article available to the community in a full-text format.

2013-01-01

452

Basics about Babies' Brain Development = Los basicos del desarrollo del cerebro.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure for parents, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides facts about infants' brains and offers suggestions for parents to help their baby's development by providing experiences to stimulate neural development. The facts are: (1) a baby's brain needs many different experiences to be nourished, such as being talked or sung to…

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

453

Design and implementation of baby-care service based on context-awareness for digital home  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we design and implement baby-care service based on context-awareness in digital home, where sensors are widespread for collecting raw data and a home server exists for triggering automatic services according to the baby's situation. We describe a scenario and techniques, design and implement system architecture and service flows for this service. Using our scheme, we can take

HyunJeong Lee; Shin Young Lim; JaeDoo Huh

2005-01-01

454

Infants' Attention to Synthesised Baby Music and Original Acoustic Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distinct music genre known as baby music is based on the premise that infants benefit from music "re-orchestrated for their little ears" ("Baby Einstein Takealong Tunes". (2012). Retrieved December 11, 2012, from http://www.babyeinstein.com/en/products/product_explorer/theme/music/62350/Takealong_Tunes.html). We completed a…

Merkow, Carla H.; Costa-Giomi, Eugenia

2014-01-01

455

The Acceptability of Home Monitoring Technology Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults and Baby Boomers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This pilot study investigated the willingness of two generational cohorts (current baby boomers and older adults) to accept home monitoring technology. Thirty individuals (15 baby boomers and 15 older adults) of both genders and living in the community participated in structured, mixed methods interviews. The participants' opinions and views on various technologies (e.g., personal emergency response systems, fall detection systems)

Alex Mihailidis; Amy Cockburn; Catherine Longley; Jennifer Boger

2008-01-01

456

Retinal Hemorrhages and Shaken Baby Syndrome: An Evidence-Based Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Among the causes of non-accidental head injury (NAHI), shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is difficult to diagnose and is associated with retinal hemorrhages (RH). Description: To identify findings and patterns of RH specific to SBS, a PubMed search using the keywords “shaken baby syndrome” or “child abuse” and “retinal hemorrhage” was conducted; 66 articles met the inclusion criteria. The published

Brandon M. Togioka; Meghan A. Arnold; Melinda A. Bathurst; Susan M. Ziegfeld; Rosemary Nabaweesi; Paul M. Colombani; David C. Chang; Fizan Abdullah

2009-01-01

457

The Idea of Temperament: Does It Help Parents to Understand Their Babies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines whether the idea of "temperament" is a useful construct for families to understand babies' and toddlers' behavior. The author suggests that "regulatory skill" may be a more neutral term than temperament for parents and practitioners to use in discussing individual differences among babies and toddlers and suggests that…

Blackwell, Patricia L.

2004-01-01

458

Baby Boomers Attending a Community College: Influences, Challenges, and Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to determine how Baby Boomers make meaning out of disorientating dilemmas and challenges as they enroll in community college for career training. The dilemmas include: retirement, layoffs, shrinking job market, returning to school, and dwindling retirement accounts. Understanding Baby Boomers'…

Peters, Nancy

2010-01-01

459

Fake science and bogus bioethics: medical research frauds against premature babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The epidemic of baby-blinding retinopathy of prematurity continues because of several blatantly rigged clinical trials. Misled neonatologists with- hold life-saving breathing help from premature babies because of one eugenics-inspired fraudulent study from fifty years ago that was never repli- cated but was used to disguise an euthanasia program designed to eliminate preemies with a wrongly postulated \\

H. Peter Aleff

460

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2000-01-01 2000-01-01 false Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals...Identity or Composition § 381.157 Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned poultry shall,...

2000-01-01

461

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1998-01-01 1998-01-01 false Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 MANDATORY...Identity or Composition § 381.157 Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned poultry...

1998-01-01

462

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1999-01-01 1999-01-01 false Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 FOOD...Identity or Composition § 381.157 Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned poultry shall,...

1999-01-01

463

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1997-01-01 1997-01-01 false Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 MANDATORY...Identity or Composition § 381.157 Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned poultry...

1997-01-01

464

Age and Sex Differences in Children's Responses to Babies: Effects of Adult's Caretaking Requests and Instructions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a double-baseline design, children were observed first after being asked to take care of a baby then after watching a male or female adult demonstrate appropriate interactions with the baby. Younger and older day care children (between 30 and 63 months old) participated. (Author/RH)

Berman, Phyllis W.; Goodman, Vickie

1984-01-01

465

"Wanting It Now": Baby Boomers and the Public Library of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Baby boomers are epitomised by the phrase "wanting it now". This large group of the population is better educated, more technologically literate, generally wealthier than any previous generation and has high expectations of quality services and products. Just as they have led other social revolutions, baby boomers are expected to revolutionise the…

Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Makin, Lynne; Johanson, Graeme; Schauder, Don; Sullivan, Jen

2006-01-01

466

Mercury in first-cut baby hair of children with autism versus typically-developing children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children with autism were examined to determine amounts of mercury (Hg) in their baby hair and the factors that might affect Hg body burden. US children with autism (n = 78) and matched controls (n = 31) born between 1988 and 1999 were studied. Hg in first-cut baby hair was determined using cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (CVAFS). Twenty samples were split and also

J. B. Adams; J. Romdalvik; K. E. Levine; L.-W. Hu

2008-01-01

467

Parental Perception of a Baby Sign Workshop on Stress and Parent-Child Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Baby sign language is gaining in popularity. However, research has indicated a lack of empirical research supporting its use. In addition, research suggests that baby sign training may increase stress levels in parents. Methods: Nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years; five months participated in a…

Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda

2014-01-01

468

Vocal Development of 9-Month-Old Babies with Cleft Palate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the prelinguistic vocal development of 30 9- month-old babies with unrepaired cleft palate and age-matched peers (N=15). Fewer of the babies with cleft palate had reached the canonical babbling stage (57 percent versus 93 percent) and had smaller consonant inventories. However, syllable types and length and number of…

Chapman, Kathy L.; Hardin-Jones, Mary; Schulte, Julie; Halter, Kelli Ann

2001-01-01

469

Invited Commentary: The Baby Boom Echo Goes to College--by the Millions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Projections" report finds that the population surge of children of the baby boom ("baby boom echo") has moved into the high school and postsecondary education spheres. To be effective, education policies at all levels must reflect the changes in student enrollment predicted in the "Projections." Focuses on teachers and facilities,…

Riley, Richard W.

2000-01-01

470

Umbilical arteries of babies born to cigarette smokers generate less prostacyclin and contain less arginine and citrulline compared with those of babies born to control subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The hyposthesis of this study was that umbilical arteries of babies born to smoking mothers produce less nitric oxide and prostacyclin than do those of nonsmoking mothers.STUDY DESIGN:l-Arginine, l-citrulline, l-cysteine, and prostacyclin were measured in the umbilical arteries of 11 babies born to smoking mothers and 16 infants born to nonsmoking controls. The concentrations in the two groups were

Martin R. Ulm; Barbara Plöckinger; Christian Pirich; Ryszard J. Gryglewski; Helmut F. Sinzinger

1995-01-01

471

Alterations in the ribosomal machinery in cancer and hematologic disorders  

PubMed Central

Ribosomes are essential components of the protein translation machinery and are composed of more than 80 unique large and small ribosomal proteins. Recent studies show that in addition to their roles in protein translation, ribosomal proteins are also involved in extra-ribosomal functions of DNA repair, apoptosis and cellular homeostasis. Consequently, alterations in the synthesis or functioning of ribosomal proteins can lead to various hematologic disorders. These include congenital anemias such as Diamond Blackfan anemia and Shwachman Diamond syndrome; both of which are associated with mutations in various ribosomal genes. Acquired uniallelic deletion of RPS14 gene has also been shown to lead to the 5q syndrome, a distinct subset of MDS associated with macrocytic anemia. Recent evidence shows that specific ribosomal proteins are overexpressed in liver, colon, prostate and other tumors. Ribosomal protein overexpression can promote tumorigenesis by interactions with the p53 tumor suppressor pathway and also by direct effects on various oncogenes. These data point to a broad role of ribosome protein alterations in hematologic and oncologic diseases.

2012-01-01

472

Single molecule studies of the neuronal SNARE fusion machinery  

PubMed Central

SNAREs are essential components of the machinery for Ca2+-triggered fusion of synaptic vesicles with the plasma membrane, resulting in neurotransmitter release into the synaptic cleft. While much is known about their biophysical and structural properties and their interactions with accessory proteins such as the Ca2+ sensor synaptotagmin, their precise role in membrane fusion remains an enigma. Ensemble studies of liposomes with reconstituted SNAREs have demonstrated that SNAREs and accessory proteins can trigger lipid mixing/fusion, but the inability to study individual fusion events has precluded molecular insights into the fusion process. Thus, this field is ripe for studies with single molecule methodology. In this review we discuss first applications of single-molecule approaches to observe reconstituted SNAREs, their complexes, associated proteins, and their effect on biological membranes. Some of the findings are provocative, such the possibility of parallel and anti-parallel SNARE complexes, or vesicle docking with only syntaxin and synaptobrevin, but have been confirmed by other experiments.

Brunger, Axel T.; Weninger, Keith; Bowen, Mark; Chu, Steven

2010-01-01

473

Condition monitoring of machinery using motor current signature analysis  

SciTech Connect

Motor current signature analysis (MCSA) is a powerful monitoring tool for motor-driven equipment that provides a nonintrusive means for detecting the presence of mechanical and electrical abnormalities in the motor and the driven equipment, including altered conditions in the process ''downstream'' of the motor-driven equipment. It was developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory as a means for determining the effects of aging and service wear systems, but it is applicable to a broad range of machinery. MCSA is based on the recognition that an electric motor (ac or dc) driving a mechanical load acts as an efficient and permanently available transducer by sensing mechanical load variations, large and small, long-term and rapid, and converting them into variations in the induced current generated in the motor windings. These motor current variations are carried by the electrical cables processes as desired. Motor current signatures, obtained in both time and over time to provide early indication of degradation. Successful applications of MCSA technology (patent applied for) include not only motor-operated valves but also pumps of various designs, blowers, and air conditioning systems. Examples are presented briefly, and speculation regarding the applicability of MCSA to a broader range of equipment monitoring and production line testing is also given. 1 ref., 13 figs.

Kryter, R.C.; Haynes, H.D.

1989-01-01

474

Vibration monitoring of EDF rotating machinery using artificial neural networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vibration monitoring of components in nuclear power plants has been used for a number of years. This technique involves the analysis of vibration data coming from vital components of the plant to detect features which reflect the operational state of machinery. The analysis leads to the identification of potential failures and their causes, and makes it possible to perform efficient preventive maintenance. Early detection is important because it can decrease the probability of catastrophic failures, reduce forced outgage, maximize utilization of available assets, increase the life of the plant, and reduce maintenance costs. This paper documents our work on the design of a vibration monitoring methodology based on neural network technology. This technology provides an attractive complement to traditional vibration analysis because of the potential of neural networks to operate in real-time mode and to handle data which may be distorted or noisy. Our efforts have been concentrated on the analysis and classification of vibration signatures collected by Electricite de France (EDF). Two neural networks algorithms were used in our project: the Recirculation algorithm and the Backpropagation algorithm. Although this project is in the early stages of development it indicates that neural networks may provide a viable methodology for monitoring and diagnostics of vibrating components. Our results are very encouraging.

Alguindigue, I. E.; Loskiewicz-Buczak, A.; Uhrig, R. E.; Hamon, L.; Lefevre, F.

475

Vibration monitoring of EDF rotating machinery using artificial neural networks  

SciTech Connect

Vibration monitoring of components in nuclear power plants has been used for a number of years. This technique involves the analysis of vibration data coming from vital components of the plant to detect features which reflect the operational state of machinery. The analysis leads to the identification of potential failures and their causes, and makes it possible to perform efficient preventive maintenance. Earlydetection is important because it can decrease the probability of catastrophic failures, reduce forced outgage, maximize utilization of available assets, increase the life of the plant, and reduce maintenance costs. This paper documents our work on the design of a vibration monitoring methodology based on neural network technology. This technology provides an attractive complement to traditional vibration analysis because of the potential of neural networks to operate in real-time mode and to handle data which may be distorted or noisy. Our efforts have been concentrated on the analysis and classification of vibration signatures collected by Electricite de France (EDF). Two neural networks algorithms were used in our project: the Recirculation algorithm and the Backpropagation algorithm. Although this project is in the early stages of development it indicates that neural networks may provide a viable methodology for monitoring and diagnostics of vibrating components. Our results are very encouraging.

Alguindigue, I.E.; Loskiewicz-Buczak, A.; Uhrig, R.E. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering); Hamon, L.; Lefevre, F. (Electricite de France, 78 - Chatou (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches)

1991-01-01

476

Vibration monitoring of EDF rotating machinery using artificial neural networks  

SciTech Connect

Vibration monitoring of components in nuclear power plants has been used for a number of years. This technique involves the analysis of vibration data coming from vital components of the plant to detect features which reflect the operational state of machinery. The analysis leads to the identification of potential failures and their causes, and makes it possible to perform efficient preventive maintenance. Earlydetection is important because it can decrease the probability of catastrophic failures, reduce forced outgage, maximize utilization of available assets, increase the life of the plant, and reduce maintenance costs. This paper documents our work on the design of a vibration monitoring methodology based on neural network technology. This technology provides an attractive complement to traditional vibration analysis because of the potential of neural networks to operate in real-time mode and to handle data which may be distorted or noisy. Our efforts have been concentrated on the analysis and classification of vibration signatures collected by Electricite de France (EDF). Two neural networks algorithms were used in our project: the Recirculation algorithm and the Backpropagation algorithm. Although this project is in the early stages of development it indicates that neural networks may provide a viable methodology for monitoring and diagnostics of vibrating components. Our results are very encouraging.

Alguindigue, I.E.; Loskiewicz-Buczak, A.; Uhrig, R.E. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Hamon, L.; Lefevre, F. [Electricite de France, 78 - Chatou (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches

1991-12-31

477

Birth trauma to muscles in babies born by breech delivery and its possible fatal consequences.  

PubMed Central

Dissection and histological examination was made of the muscles of 86 babies who died after breech delivery, and of 38 babies who died after vertex presentation. A control group of 50 surviving breech-delivered babies was examined clinically and the results compared. It was concluded that the most common type of birth trauma to a baby born by breech delivery is injury to muscles and soft tissues of the back and lower extremities, which is often extensive. In some severly injured babies histological examination of organs revels signs of crush syndrome and disseminated intravascular coagulation. It is suggested that the extensive muscle trauma forms the background of these fatal conditions. Images FIG. 1. FIG. 2. FIG. 3. FIG. 4. FIG. 5.

Ralis, Z A

1975-01-01

478

Ergonomic adequacy of the baby nursery of child development center located in UFSC - Florianópolis.  

PubMed

A study in the educators' work station at baby nursery of NDI/UFSC, located in Florianópolis, was conducted using the Work Ergonomic Analysis methodological tool. The demand considered was the educators' physical exhaustion caused by the weight carried when taking care of the babies, the postures assumed during the labor activity and the spatial arrangement of the baby nursery. Thinking ergonomically, the spatial arrangement is directly associated to three factors: the formal aspect of the environment, the esthetic aspect including colors and finish quality and the ease of understanding involved in the baby nursery labor. By the ergonomic adequacy it is possible to assert that if were established better conditions of posture and comfort for the educators, as well as satisfactory technical and operational information to carry out the activities, greater safety and welfare would be provided to the babies, the main focus of the work. PMID:22317610

Vergara, Lizandra Garcia Lupi; Ribet, Lucie Elisa

2012-01-01

479

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRAINING AND SKILL REQUIREMENTS OF INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS. VOLUME I. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

DRAMATIC CHANGES IN THE CHARACTERISTICS AND COMPLEXITY OF PRODUCTION MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT HAVE CREATED A GROWING NEED FOR ADEQUATELY TRAINED AND SKILLED MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS IN INDUSTRY. THIS STUDY DEFINED THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LABOR MARKET FOR MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS SUCH AS MILLWRIGHTS, MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC, ELECTRICAL,…

LYNN, FRANK

480

America's Demography in the New Century: Aging Baby Boomers and New Immigrants as Major Players. Milken Institute Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's demography in the new century will be affected by the aging baby boom generation and by new immigrants. Focus on just the national implications of aging baby boomers and the new immigrants is inadequate. This policy brief takes a regional perspective, examining recent trends and population statistics and making the case that aging baby

Frey, William H.; DeVol, Ross C.

481

Origins of the machinery of recombination and sex.  

PubMed

Mutation plays the primary role in evolution that Weismann mistakenly attributed to sex. Homologous recombination, as in sex, is important for population genetics--shuffling of minor variants, but relatively insignificant for large-scale evolution. Major evolutionary innovations depend much more on illegitimate recombination, which makes novel genes by gene duplication and by gene chimaerisation--essentially mutational forces. The machinery of recombination and sex evolved in two distinct bouts of quantum evolution separated by nearly 3 Gy of stasis; I discuss their nature and causes. The dominant selective force in the evolution of recombination and sex has been selection for replicational fidelity and viability; without the recombination machinery, accurate reproduction, stasis, resistance to radical deleterious evolutionary change and preservation of evolutionary innovations would be impossible. Recombination proteins betray in their phylogeny and domain structure a key role for gene duplication and chimaerisation in their own origin. They arose about 3.8 Gy ago to enable faithful replication and segregation of the first circular DNA genomes in precellular ancestors of Gram-negative eubacteria. Then they were recruited and modified by selfish genetic parasites (viruses; transposons) to help them spread from host to host. Bacteria differ fundamentally from eukaryotes in that gene transfer between cells, whether incidental to their absorptive feeding on DNA and virus infection or directly by plasmids, involves only genomic fragments. This was radically changed by the neomuran revolution about 850 million years ago when a posibacterium evolved into the thermophilic cenancestor of eukaryotes and archaebacteria (jointly called neomurans), radically modifying or substituting its DNA-handling enzymes (those responsible for transcription as well as for replication, repair and recombination) as a coadaptive consequence of the origin of core histones to stabilise its chromosome. Substitution of glycoprotein for peptidoglycan walls in the neomuran ancestor and the evolution of an endoskeleton and endomembrane system in eukaryotes alone required the origin of nuclei, mitosis and novel cell cycle controls and enabled them to evolve cell fusion and thereby the combination of whole genomes from different cells. Meiosis evolved because of resulting selection for periodic ploidy reduction, with incidental consequences for intrapopulation genetic exchange. Little modification was needed to recombination enzymes or to the ancient bacterial catalysts of homology search by spontaneous base pairing to mediate chromosome pairing. The key innovation was the origin of meiotic cohesins delaying centromere splitting to allow two successive divisions before reversion to vegetative growth and replication, necessarily yielding two-step meiosis. Also significant was the evolution of synaptonemal complexes to stabilise bivalents and of monopolins to orient sister centromeres to one spindle pole. The primary significance of sex was not to promote evolutionary change but to limit it by facilitating ploidy cycles to balance the conflicting selective forces acting on rapidly growing phagotrophic protozoa and starved dormant cysts subject to radiation and other damage. PMID:11932771

Cavalier-Smith, T

2002-02-01

482

An oxygen-regulated switch in the protein synthesis machinery.  

PubMed

Protein synthesis involves the translation of ribonucleic acid information into proteins, the building blocks of life. The initial step of protein synthesis is the binding of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) to the 7-methylguanosine (m(7)-GpppG) 5'?cap of messenger RNAs. Low oxygen tension (hypoxia) represses cap-mediated translation by sequestering eIF4E through mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-dependent mechanisms. Although the internal ribosome entry site is an alternative translation initiation mechanism, this pathway alone cannot account for the translational capacity of hypoxic cells. This raises a fundamental question in biology as to how proteins are synthesized in periods of oxygen scarcity and eIF4E inhibition. Here we describe an oxygen-regulated translation initiation complex that mediates selective cap-dependent protein synthesis. We show that hypoxia stimulates the formation of a complex that includes the oxygen-regulated hypoxia-inducible factor 2? (HIF-2?), the RNA-binding protein RBM4 and the cap-binding eIF4E2, an eIF4E homologue. Photoactivatable ribonucleoside-enhanced crosslinking and immunoprecipitation (PAR-CLIP) analysis identified an RNA hypoxia response element (rHRE) that recruits this complex to a wide array of mRNAs, including that encoding the epidermal growth factor receptor. Once assembled at the rHRE, the HIF-2?-RBM4-eIF4E2 complex captures the 5'?cap and targets mRNAs to polysomes for active translation, thereby evading hypoxia-induced repression of protein synthesis. These findings demonstrate that cells have evolved a program by which oxygen tension switches the basic translation initiation machinery. PMID:22678294

Uniacke, James; Holterman, Chet E; Lachance, Gabriel; Franovic, Aleksandra; Jacob, Mathieu D; Fabian, Marc R; Payette, Josianne; Holcik, Martin; Pause, Arnim; Lee, Stephen

2012-06-01

483

Selenocysteine biosynthesis and insertion machinery in Naegleria gruberi.  

PubMed

Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element primarily found in selenoproteins as the 21st amino acid (selenocysteine, Sec, or U). Selenoproteins play an important role in growth and proliferation and are typically involved in cellular redox balance. Selenocysteine is encoded by an in-frame UGA codon specified by a stem-loop structure, the Sec insertion sequence element (SECIS), which, in eukaryotes, is located in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR). The availability of the Naegleria gruberi (ATCC 30224) genome sequence and the use of this organism as a model system for the pathogenic amoeba N. fowleri allowed us to investigate the Sec incorporation pathway in this primitive eukaryote. Using bioinformatics tools, we identified gene sequences encoding PSTK (O-phosphoseryl-tRNA(Sec) kinase), SepSecS (O-phosphoseryl-tRNA:selenocysteinyl-tRNA synthase), SelD/SPS2 (selenophosphate synthetase), EFSec (selenocysteine-specific elongation factor) and SBP (SECIS binding protein). These findings were confirmed by RT-PCR and by sequencing. A potential tRNA(Ser)Sec (SelC) gene and a putative selenoprotein with sequence similarity to a mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase (TR3) were also identified. Our results show that the selenocysteine incorporation machinery is indeed present in N. gruberi. Interestingly, the SelD/SPS2 gene is 2214 bp in length and contains two distinct domains. The N-terminal region shows sequence similarity to predicted methyltransferase proteins, and the C-terminal region is homologous to prokaryotic SelD/SPS2. Our results suggest the possibility of novel selenoproteins. PMID:23603359

da Silva, M T A; Caldas, V E A; Costa, F C; Silvestre, D A M M; Thiemann, O H

2013-04-01

484

Modeling integrated cellular machinery using hybrid Petri-Boolean networks.  

PubMed

The behavior and phenotypic changes of cells are governed by a cellular circuitry that represents a set of biochemical reactions. Based on biological functions, this circuitry is divided into three types of networks, each encoding for a major biological process: signal transduction, transcription regulation, and metabolism. This division has generally enabled taming computational complexity dealing with the entire system, allowed for using modeling techniques that are specific to each of the components, and achieved separation of the different time scales at which reactions in each of the three networks occur. Nonetheless, with this division comes loss of information and power needed to elucidate certain cellular phenomena. Within the cell, these three types of networks work in tandem, and each produces signals and/or substances that are used by the others to process information and operate normally. Therefore, computational techniques for modeling integrated cellular machinery are needed. In this work, we propose an integrated hybrid model (IHM) that combines Petri nets and Boolean networks to model integrated cellular networks. Coupled with a stochastic simulation mechanism, the model simulates the dynamics of the integrated network, and can be perturbed to generate testable hypotheses. Our model is qualitative and is mostly built upon knowledge from the literature and requires fine-tuning of very few parameters. We validated our model on two systems: the transcriptional regulation of glucose metabolism in human cells, and cellular osmoregulation in S. cerevisiae. The model produced results that are in very good agreement with experimental data, and produces valid hypotheses. The abstract nature of our model and the ease of its construction makes it a very good candidate for modeling integrated networks from qualitative data. The results it produces can guide the practitioner to zoom into components and interconnections and investigate them using such more detailed mathematical models. PMID:24244124

Berestovsky, Natalie; Zhou, Wanding; Nagrath, Deepak; Nakhleh, Luay

2013-11-01

485

The Unconventional Xer Recombination Machinery of Streptococci/Lactococci  

PubMed Central

Homologous recombination between circular sister chromosomes during DNA replication in bacteria can generate chromosome dimers that must be resolved into monomers prior to cell division. In Escherichia coli, dimer resolution is achieved by site-specific recombination, Xer recombination, involving two paralogous tyrosine recombinases, XerC and XerD, and a 28-bp recombination site (dif) located at the junction of the two replication arms. Xer recombination is tightly controlled by the septal protein FtsK. XerCD recombinases and FtsK are found on most sequenced eubacterial genomes, suggesting that the Xer recombination system as described in E. coli is highly conserved among prokaryotes. We show here that Streptococci and Lactococci carry an alternative Xer recombination machinery, organized in a single recombination module. This corresponds to an atypical 31-bp recombination site (difSL) associated with a dedicated tyrosine recombinase (XerS). In contrast to the E. coli Xer system, only a single recombinase is required to recombine difSL, suggesting a different mechanism in the recombination process. Despite this important difference, XerS can only perform efficient recombination when difSL sites are located on chromosome dimers. Moreover, the XerS/difSL recombination requires the streptococcal protein FtsKSL, probably without the need for direct protein-protein interaction, which we demonstrated to be located at the division septum of Lactococcus lactis. Acquisition of the XerS recombination module can be considered as a landmark of the separation of Streptococci/Lactococci from other firmicutes and support the view that Xer recombination is a conserved cellular function in bacteria, but that can be achieved by functional analogs.

Le Bourgeois, Pascal; Bugarel, Marie; Campo, Nathalie; Daveran-Mingot, Marie-Line; Labonte, Jessica; Lanfranchi, Daniel; Lautier, Thomas; Pages, Carine; Ritzenthaler, Paul

2007-01-01

486

Control apparatus for textile dyeing and tufting machinery  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Apparatus for developing multi-colored complex patterns in textile carpets formed by a yarn tufting operation, employing a scanner to scan and record color data from replicas or artists' renditions of the patterns to be tufted, a programmable read only memory to store the color data descriptive of the scanned patterns after electronic digitizing of the data, and a microprocessor and logic circuits to select a desired pattern from the memory and provide the color data for the selected pattern to individual yarn control assemblies at spaced dyeing stations of different colors. Individual yarn ends passing through the spaced dye stations are selectively dyed along their length at predetermined positions according to the color data provided to the yarn control assemblies at the spaced dye stations, the yarn ends then being delivered to a tufting machine to produce the selected multi-colored complex pattern. Delivery of color data from memory is controlled by the displacement of the backing applied to the carpet, by means of clocks generated by the backing linear displacement. Delivery of color data to the yarn control assemblies at each dye station, for dyeing of each yarn end at predetermined positions along its length, is controlled by the displacement of the yarn. Clocks are generated by the yarn linear displacement and control logic circuits to delay delivery of color information to the yarn control assemblies at each dye station depending upon the physical displacement of that station in relation to the other dye stations. Logic circuits are provided to eliminate vibrational and reverse motion effects on the backing and yarn clocks, and to compensate for low yarn speed on starting and/or stopping of the machinery. Logic circuits also are provided to interchange the colors in the pattern of a tufted carpet produced from a given selected pattern that has been scanned.

1978-08-15

487

DNA-uptake machinery of naturally competent Vibrio cholerae  

PubMed Central

Natural competence for transformation is a mode of horizontal gene transfer that is commonly used by bacteria to take up DNA from their environment. As part of this developmental program, so-called competence genes, which encode the components of a DNA-uptake machinery, are expressed. Several models have been proposed for the DNA-uptake complexes of competent bacteria, and most include a type IV (pseudo)pilus as a core component. However, cell-biology–based approaches to visualizing competence proteins have so far been restricted to Gram-positive bacteria. Here, we report the visualization of a competence-induced pilus in the Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae. We show that piliated cells mostly contain a single pilus that is not biased toward a polar localization and that this pilus colocalizes with the outer membrane secretin PilQ. PilQ, on the other hand, forms several foci around the cell and occasionally colocalizes with the dynamic cytoplasmic-traffic ATPase PilB, which is required for pilus extension. We also determined the minimum competence regulon of V. cholerae, which includes at least 19 genes. Bacteria with mutations in those genes were characterized with respect to the presence of surface-exposed pili, DNA uptake, and natural transformability. Based on these phenotypes, we propose that DNA uptake in naturally competent V. cholerae cells occurs in at least two steps: a pilus-dependent translocation of the incoming DNA across the outer membrane and a pilus-independent shuttling of the DNA through the periplasm and into the cytoplasm.

Seitz, Patrick; Blokesch, Melanie

2013-01-01

488

Blastocyst implantation failure relates to impaired translational machinery gene expression.  

PubMed

Oocyte quality is a well-established determinant of embryonic fate. However, the molecular participants and biological markers that affect and may predict adequate embryonic development are largely elusive. Our aim was to identify the components of the oocyte molecular machinery that part take in the production of a healthy embryo. For this purpose, we used an animal model, generated by us previously, the oocytes of which do not express Cx43 (Cx43(del/del)). In these mice, oogenesis appears normal, fertilisation does occur, early embryonic development is successful but implantation fails. We used magnetic resonance imaging analysis combined with histological examination to characterise the embryonic developmental incompetence. Reciprocal embryo transfer confirmed that the blastocyst evolved from the Cx43(del/del) oocyte is responsible for the implantation disorder. In order to unveil the genes, the impaired expression of which brings about the development of defective embryos, we carried out a genomic screening of both the oocytes and the resulting blastocysts. This microarray analysis revealed a low expression of Egr1, Rpl21 and Eif4a1 in Cx43(del/del) oocytes and downregulation of Rpl15 and Eif4g2 in the resulting blastocysts. We propose that global deficiencies in genes related to the expression of ribosomal proteins and translation initiation factors in apparently normal oocytes bring about accumulation of defects, which significantly compromise their developmental capacity. The blastocysts resulting from such oocytes, which grow within a confined space until implantation, may be unable to generate enough biological mass to allow their expansion. This information could be implicated to diagnosis and treatment of infertility, particularly to IVF. PMID:24700326

Plaks, Vicki; Gershon, Eran; Zeisel, Amit; Jacob-Hirsch, Jasmine; Neeman, Michal; Winterhager, Elke; Rechavi, Gideon; Domany, Eytan; Dekel, Nava

2014-07-01

489

Resolving problems of high vibration in hydroelectric machinery  

SciTech Connect

High vibrations in hydroelectric machinery often will necessitate derating of a unit's capacity so that it remains in acceptable operating condition. Such was the case at B.C. Hydro's 700-MW Peace Canyon Generating Station. At this station, a 175-MW turbine-generator experienced high stator split-phase currents on cold starts and high turbine bearing vibration at high loads. The vibration, measured at 24 mils (0.024 inch) peak to peak, exceeded the as-set turbine bearing clearance of 14 mils (0.014-inch) diametrical. Consequently, the utility derated the machine by 25 MW for a period of approximately seven months. B.C. Hydro contacted Powertech Labs Inc., the utility's applied technology subsidiary, and assigned the task of resolving the problem and restoring the unit to design capacity. Using vibration amplitude and phase vibrations as functions of the unit's rotational speed and load, Powertech investigators concluded that the problem of high vibrations on both the generator and turbine bearings were the result of mechanical unbalance on the generator, an enlarged turbine bearing clearance, and a hydraulic unbalance on the Francis turbine. The first step Powertech investigators took to improve the vibration readings on the generator and turbine was to [open quotes]compromise balance[close quotes] the generator. In this approach, the machine is mechanically unbalanced to counter magnetic unbalance. With the generator unbalance corrected, Powertech investigators recommended that the turbine bearing be inspected and reset to the design clearance of 14 mils (0.014 inch) diametrical. Resetting of the bearing resulted in significantly lower turbine vibration readings at high loads (less than 10 mils).

Franklin, D. (Powertech Labs, Inc., Surrey, British Columbia (Canada))

1993-08-01

490

Neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm babies of 1999-2009.  

PubMed

The Bayley scale of infant development is employed as the performance indicator at 2 years corrected gestational age for high risk paediatric groups. We compare neurodevelopmental outcomes in two cohorts of VLBW infants born in 1999 to a cohort born a decade later, while also examining the challenges of direct comparison of modified scales: BSID-II (2nd edition of the scales) with Bayley-III, BSID-II was used in the 1999 group and Bayley-III for the 2009 cohort. We demonstrated that over a ten year period there was an improvement in neurodevelopmental scores achieved in VLBW babies. Overall there was almost an 8 point increase in the cognitive scores from the 2009 cohort compared with the 1999 cohort in this time period. The mean motor score increased by 6 points when comparing 1999 and 2009. However we highlight the difficulties in comparing developmental scales, and consider whether Bayley-III overestimates developmental ability? PMID:24988830

Huggard, D; Slevin, M; Vavasseur, C

2014-06-01

491

Follow up of premature babies treated with artificial surfactant (ALEC).  

PubMed Central

Of 235 survivors who had taken part in a randomised trial of artificial surfactant and who were born in Cambridge, follow up information was available for 231 (98%) infants. In 12 cases information came from local doctors; all others were assessed at 9 and 18 months (n = 212) or 9 months only (n = 7). There was no difference between those who had been treated with surfactant and control babies in the incidence of neurological impairment, mental impairment, respiratory infections, allergies, or hospital admissions up to 18 months after full term. In those born before 30 weeks' gestation (where surfactant most improves survival) the number of surviving randomised children who were normal was 35 of 61 in the treated group (57%) compared with 25 of 61 in the control group (41%). Improved neonatal survival after prophylactic surfactant treatment is not associated with an increased incidence of neurodevelopmental impairment.

Morley, C J; Morley, R

1990-01-01

492

Australian baby boomers face retirement during the global financial crisis.  

PubMed

This paper examines the impact in Australia of the global financial crisis on the baby boom cohort approaching later life. Data from national focus groups of people aged 50 to 64 years (N = 73), conducted in late 2008, found widespread but variable concern and uncertainty concerning work and retirement plans and experiences. A national survey (N = 1,009) of those aged 50 to 64 years in mid-2009 reported lower levels of financial satisfaction compared with other life domains; many planned to postpone retirement. Findings are interpreted in the context of policies and markets that differed significantly from those in the United States, notwithstanding the global nature of the financial crisis. PMID:23837628

Kendig, Hal; Wells, Yvonne; O'Loughlin, Kate; Heese, Karla

2013-01-01

493

A 'healthy baby': The double imperative of preimplantation genetic diagnosis.  

PubMed

This article reports from a study exploring the social processes, meanings and institutions that frame and produce 'ethical problems' and clinical dilemmas for practitioners, scientists and others working in the specialty of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). A major topic in the data was that, in contrast to IVF, the aim of PGD is to transfer to the woman's womb only those embryos likely to be unaffected by serious genetic disorders; that is, to produce 'healthy babies'. Staff described the complex processes through which embryos in each treatment cycle must meet a double imperative: they must be judged viable by embryologists and 'unaffected' by geneticists. In this article, we focus on some of the ethical, social and occupational issues for staff ensuing from PGD's double imperative. PMID:20051429

Ehrich, Kathryn; Williams, Clare

2010-01-01

494

Ensuring Appropriate Expert Testimony for Cases Involving the "Shaken Baby"  

PubMed Central

For the past 50 years, the “shaken baby” syndrome (SBS) has been one of the many terms used to describe a form of abusive head trauma in children. The term now preferred is pediatric abusive head trauma (AHT), which is defined as “an injury to the skull or intracranial contents of an infant or young child (less than five years of age) due to inflicted blunt impact and/or violent shaking.”1, 2 This new term reflects the fundamental construct that certain forms of head trauma are intentionally inflicted. The incidence is estimated to be 20 to 30 cases per 100,000 children under one year of age with a case fatality rate exceeding 20% and significant disability for about two-thirds of the survivors. 1 In addition, AHT results in major healthcare costs for the survivors. (see Libby AM, Sills MR, Thurston NK, Orton HD. Costs of childhood physical abuse: comparing inflicted and unintentional traumatic brain injuries.

Albert, Daniel M.; Blanchard, June Weisberger; Knox, Barbara L.

2013-01-01

495

Petrology of Baby Bare and Mama Bare lavas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Three Bares are small volcanoes that host the only-known hydrothermal vents active in oceanic crust older than 2 Ma. Major element data for Baby and Mama Bare lavas indicate formation by low extents of partial melting of a depleted mantle source, with limited cooling and crystallization prior to eruption. These lavas are compositionally unlike all lavas produced at the adjacent spreading center, but resemble a subset of lavas from small seamounts nearby. We conclude that the Three Bares represent off-axis volcanism rather than normal crustal accretion. Such off-axis volcanism increases basement roughness locally, and thus plays an important role in hydrothermal circulation in sedimented ridge flank settings.

Karsten, J. L.; Becker, N.; Mottl, M. J.; Wheat, C. G.

496

Reading, writing, and having babies: a nurturing alternative school program.  

PubMed

This ethnographic study, a component of another study that examined the lived experiences of a small group of pregnant teenagers, focused on the social and learning environment of an alternative school program for pregnant and parenting female adolescents, aged 13 to 19. Field notes, participant observation, group discussion, and informal conversational data were gathered over a 16-week period. Analysis of the data revealed four major themes: nurture and positive regard, sisterhood and belonging, mentoring and sense of family, and proactive learning environment and academic pride. The girls who attended the program developed close relationships with their peers and teachers. Many of them experienced academic success for the first time and reported that pregnancy and impending motherhood motivated them to do better in school. Recommendations for a more comprehensive school-based approach to meeting the needs of pregnant and parenting teens are made, particularly after the babies are born. PMID:12387596

Spear, Hila J

2002-10-01

497

Shaken Baby Syndrome as a Form of Abusive Head Trauma  

PubMed Central

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of abuse that is characterised by brain injury. Because of the subtle and yet debilitating neurobehavioural impairment which ensues, SBS represents a diagnostic dilemma for attending clinicians. The situation is made worse by the young age of the affected child who may not be capable of explaining what happened. SBS has been reported in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of literature on the topic from Arab/Islamic countries. This article attempts to shed light on the syndrome by reviewing information on the aetiology of SBS, as well as on its diagnosis and the reasons for delayed diagnosis. The central aim of this review is to increase awareness of SBS so that enlightened policies for prevention and intervention could be developed in the region and particularly in Oman.

Al-Saadoon, Muna; Elnour, Ibtisam B.; Ganesh, Anuradha

2011-01-01

498

The accident analysis of mobile mine machinery in Indian opencast coal mines.  

PubMed

This paper presents the analysis of large mining machinery related accidents in Indian opencast coal mines. The trends of coal production, share of mining methods in production, machinery deployment in open cast mines, size and population of machinery, accidents due to machinery, types and causes of accidents have been analysed from the year 1995 to 2008. The scrutiny of accidents during this period reveals that most of the responsible factors are machine reversal, haul road design, human fault, operator's fault, machine fault, visibility and dump design. Considering the types of machines, namely, dumpers, excavators, dozers and loaders together the maximum number of fatal accidents has been caused by operator's faults and human faults jointly during the period from 1995 to 2008. The novel finding of this analysis is that large machines with state-of-the-art safety system did not reduce the fatal accidents in Indian opencast coal mines. PMID:23324038

Kumar, R; Ghosh, A K

2014-03-01

499

1. General view of the L.F. Fales Machinery Company complex, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. General view of the L.F. Fales Machinery Company complex, showing the older portion of the facility to the right of the photograph. - L. F. Fales Machine Company, East & Elm Streets, Walpole, Norfolk County, MA

500

Development of a Comprehensive Method for Time-Frequency Analysis of Rotating Machinery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research was concerned with stochastic and statistical characterizations of quasi-periodic random processes, such as those associated with rotating machinery. The value of such characterizations includes enhanced abilities in condition monitoring for...

P. J. Sherman

1998-01-01