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1

Safety evaluation of superabsorbent baby diapers.  

PubMed

Superabsorbent disposable baby diapers are sophisticated, well-engineered products that provide many benefits including convenience, comfort, exceptional leakage protection, improved hygiene and skin care benefits compared with cloth diapers. Safety assurance is an integral part of the diaper development process at Procter & Gamble, with the goal of ensuring safety for both caregivers and babies. A systematic, stepwise approach to safety assessment starts with a thorough evaluation of new design features and materials, using the principles of general risk assessment including, as appropriate, controlled trials to assess clinical endpoints or independent scientific review of safety data. The majority of the diaper materials are polymers that are safe and do not have inherent toxicity issues. Trace amounts of non-polymeric materials, such as colorants, are assessed based on their skin contact potential. New materials or design features are introduced in marketed products only if they have been shown to be safe under the conditions of recommended or foreseeable use. The product safety continues to be confirmed after launch by means of in-market monitoring. This article provides a broad overview of human safety exposure-based risk assessment used at Procter & Gamble for absorbent hygiene products. PMID:18992296

Kosemund, Kirstin; Schlatter, Harald; Ochsenhirt, Jennifer L; Krause, Edburga L; Marsman, Daniel S; Erasala, Geetha N

2009-03-01

2

What do baby diapers and cleaning up oil spills have in common? Dr. Abigail Richards, Chemical & Biological Engineering  

E-print Network

What do baby diapers and cleaning up oil spills have in common? Dr. Abigail Richards, Chemical of both a liquid and a solid Knows someone with a sibling or pet named Polly Knows what baby diapers://chemistry.about.com/od/polymers/Polymer_Chemistry.htm http://chemistry.about.com/od/howthingsworkfaqs/f/diapers.htm http://pslc.ws/ The story of Silly Putty

Dyer, Bill

3

Disposable baby diaper--a threat to the health and environment.  

PubMed

There is no doubt that disposable diapers are wonderfully convenient but are they safe for the babies? It is clear that there are also a number of potential dangers. Most of the parents are not aware of the adverse effects of this product being in contact with baby's reproductive organs 24 hours a day more than two years and the long-term effects it causes to the surroundings. Disposable diapers have been implicated by diapering proponents like leak proof polymers, super absorbent polymers and some scented chemicals which are the key factors for everything from chronic diaper rash, respiratory problems like asthma, male infertility even to testicular cancer. This article gives the detailed review of the health and other related problems in using the disposable baby diapers like cancer, liver damage, skin diseases, male infertility, birth abnormalities, respiratory problems, land fills, environmental pollution, toxic chemicals used etc. PMID:24749209

Umachitra, G; Bhaarathidhurai

2012-07-01

4

Preventing Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Preventing Diaper Rash Dermatologist shares tips for protecting your baby's ... Care Rashes WEDNESDAY, Dec. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Diaper rash is a common problem for babies, but ...

5

Adult baby/diaper lovers: an exploratory study of an online community sample.  

PubMed

This internet-based study provided descriptive information and exploratory analyses on 1,795 male and 139 female members of the Adult Baby/Diaper Lover (ABDL) community. Based on prior research, some research questions focused on the degree to which ABDL behavior was associated with negative mood states, parental relationships, and attachment style. Based on clinical experience, a second research question focused on discerning two possible subgroups within the ABDL community: persons focused on role play behavior and persons who were primarily interested in sexual arousal in their ABDL behavior. The results showed modest support for the former research questions, but notable support for the last research question. Because of some overlap between the two hypothesized subgroups, additional subgroups may exist. Males in the ABDL community identified their ABDL interests earlier than females and these males may be more focused on sexual aspects of ABDL practices. Both males and females perceived being dominated as important in their ABDL behavior. Most participants were comfortable with their ABDL behavior and reported few problems. ABDL behavior may represent a sexual subculture that is not problematic for most of its participants. PMID:24473941

Hawkinson, Kaitlyn; Zamboni, Brian D

2014-07-01

6

Setting the Record Straight on Diaper Rash and Disposable Diapers.  

PubMed

Skin in the diapered area is continuously threatened by exposure to changes in pH levels, overhydration, mechanical friction, and fecal enzymes, making diaper rash a common occurrence among babies. Up to one third of infants may exhibit clinical symptoms of diaper rash at any time, and more than half of babies between the ages of 4 and 15 months develop diaper rash at least once in a 2-month period. Despite misperceptions that disposable diapers are related to an increase in diaper rash, the incidence of diaper dermatitis is on the decline, largely due to significant improvements in disposable diaper construction and materials. Modern-day disposable diapers are specifically designed to limit exposure to irritants in the diaper area, reduce overhydration, inhibit skin barrier compromise, and help maintain normal skin pH levels and have been thoroughly evaluated for safety and skin compatibility. PMID:24961777

Clark-Greuel, Jocelyn N; Helmes, C Tucker; Lawrence, Ann; Odio, Mauricio; White, Jeffrey C

2014-06-24

7

Diaper rash  

MedlinePLUS

Dermatitis - diaper and Candida; Candida-associated diaper dermatitis; Diaper dermatitis ... caused by infection with a yeast (fungus) called Candida are very common in children. Candida grows best ...

8

Idea Bank: In disposable Diapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To enhance and develop technical, science process, and critical thinking skills, the following activity provides students with the opportunity to determine the water-holding capacity of disposable diapers. In addition, they are encouraged to be scientists by preparing an organized procedure for the baby diaper investigation.

Barry, Dana M.; Barry, James F.

2004-02-01

9

Skin care of the diaper area.  

PubMed

The skin of the diaper area has special needs for protection from the irritating effects of urine and feces and prevention of diaper dermatitis. These needs include products such as diapers that absorb the excreta, as well as products for cleansing and conditioning the skin. A number of factors play a role in development of diaper dermatitis, including prolonged exposure to excreta, alterations in skin pH or increased hydration, and changes in skin microbial flora. Recent decades have seen great improvements in our understanding of these factors and our ability to develop new and better products to protect baby skin. Better diaper designs and the development of pH-buffered baby wipes have improved the care of skin in the diaper area. Continuing research offers the promise of new products with additional benefits for caregivers and infants. PMID:18789081

Adam, Ralf

2008-01-01

10

Diapering, diaper technology, and diaper area skin health.  

PubMed

Disposable diapers are the most common diaper care practice in Western societies today, and their use continues to increase globally. Improvements in disposable diaper technology have helped to reduce the prevalence and severity of diaper dermatitis (DD) over the course of the last few decades. This article reviews how changes in disposable diaper technology interact with the various etiological factors in DD, thus helping to improve overall diaper area skin health for children around the world. PMID:25403933

Odio, Mauricio; Thaman, Lauren

2014-11-01

11

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... routine, might be caused by a yeast called Candida albicans (a type of fungus). This form of ... killing off the "good" bacteria that keep the Candida from growing. Preventing Diaper Rash The best way ...

12

Diapering habits: a global perspective.  

PubMed

There are tremendous variations in diapering practices, reflecting varying cultural practices and regional difference. Around the world, more than 134 million babies are born each year, a rate of 255 births per minute or 4.3 births each second. While global population growth has been steadily declining from its peak in 1963, several regions, including the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa, continue to maintain high birth rates. Though the essential needs of infants are largely similar, family habits and practices during early years of life vary dramatically. This article surveys data documenting variations in diaper frequency, types, and duration of use internationally, including age of toilet training. These factors may influence diaper rash and skin health of infants and young children. Much of this data was collected as part of analysis of the international commercial diaper market, evaluated and organized as part of an international initiative on Global Infant Skin Care, and presented to a panel of experts for critique and commentary in a symposium held in December, 2013. PMID:25403934

Thaman, Lauren A; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

2014-11-01

13

Diaper industry workshop report  

SciTech Connect

The report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. Four topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. The primary objective of the workshop was to identify areas within the diaper industry that need further research in order to lessen the adverse impacts that diapers have on the environment. Summaries of each of the four topics as well as summaries of discussion comments and research needs identified during the workshop are included in the report. A large number of research ideas were generated during the workshop. These ideas included determining the health risks associated with handling diapers, developing methods for improving the recyclability of plastics used in diapers, determining where diaper-related life cycle analysis should begin and end, and determining the economic viability of composting.

Not Available

1991-05-01

14

Baby Bears @ Cal: campus support for expectant and new parents Academic achievement and progress to degree  

E-print Network

Baby Bears @ Cal: campus support for expectant and new parents Academic achievement and progress · Distribution point for new parent and Bear Pantry donations: (diapers, baby clothes, baby food, car seats, high

Jacobs, Lucia

15

Experts Support Safety and Utility of Today's Diapers.  

PubMed

With the needs of both pediatricians and parents in mind and the safety of babies a top priority, continual innovations in diaper technology have produced meaningful improvements in duration of use and care for the skin, all with the reassurance of extensive safety validation. PMID:24961776

Counts, Jennifer L; Helmes, C Tucker

2014-06-24

16

Prevention of diaper dermatitis in infants--a literature review.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common skin conditions in neonates and infants, with a peak between the ages of 9 and 12 months. Appropriate skin care practices that support skin barrier function and protect the buttocks skin from urine and feces are supposed to be effective in the prevention of DD. Despite many recommendations for parents and caregivers on proper diaper skin care, there is no up-to-date synthesis of the available evidence to develop recommendations for DD prevention practice. Therefore we performed a systematic literature review on the efficacy of nonmedical skin care practices on the diapered area of healthy, full-term infants ages 0 to 24 months. We identified 13 studies covering skin care practices such as cleansing, bathing, and application of topical products. DD prevalence and incidence and physiologic skin parameters were used as efficacy parameters. The results of this review indicate that cleansing of the diaper area using baby wipes or water and a washcloth have comparable effects on diapered skin. Bathing with a liquid baby cleanser twice weekly seems comparable with water alone. The application of ointments containing zinc oxide or petrolatum with or without vitamin A seems to have comparable effects on DD severity. There seems to be no information on whether single skin care practices such as cleansing, bathing, and application of topical preparations can prevent DD. High-quality randomized clinical trials are needed to show the effectiveness of skin care practices for controlling and preventing DD. PMID:24890321

Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike; Hauser, Matthias; Lünnemann, Lena; Stamatas, Georgios N; Kottner, Jan; Garcia Bartels, Natalie

2014-01-01

17

DIAPER INDUSTRY WORKSHOP REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. our topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. he primary objective of the workshop was to id...

18

An update on diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis leads to approximately 20% of all childhood dermatology visits. There have been several technologic advances in diaper design the last several years; however, due to the unique environment of the diaper area, many children continue to suffer from a variety of dermatologic conditions of this region. Common causes include allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, infection, and psoriasis. Treatments include allergen avoidance, barrier protection, parent education, and topical therapies. PMID:25017459

Klunk, Christopher; Domingues, Erik; Wiss, Karen

2014-01-01

19

Microbiological Aspects of Diaper Dermatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The microbiological basis of diaper dermatitis is not clearly elucidated, although a better knowledge of microbial colonisation can be of importance with regard to an adequate treatment. Objective: To investigate the relevance of Candida sp. and Staphylococcus aureus colonisation in diaper dermatitis and to determine the correlation between the extent of colonisation and the severity of disease. Methods: Growth

G. Ferrazzini; R. R. Kaiser; S.-K. Hirsig Cheng; M. Wehrli; V. Della Casa; G. Pohlig; S. Gonser; F. Graf; W. Jörg

2003-01-01

20

Care of the Migrant Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

21

Diaper dermatitis: clinical characteristics and differential diagnosis.  

PubMed

A diverse group of diseases can cause skin conditions in the diaper area including those which are directly caused by diapers or the diaper environment, some which are not directly due to, but are worsened by, the wearing of diapers, and those which are independent of the presence of the diaper or its resulting environment. Many of these conditions are limited to this area of the skin, but others extend to skin outside this area, and some are signs of systemic disease. We review many of the important causes of eruptions in the diaper area and emphasize key points in the differential diagnosis. PMID:25403935

Coughlin, Carrie C; Eichenfield, Lawrence F; Frieden, Ilona J

2014-11-01

22

Colors in Disposable Diapers: Addressing Myths.  

PubMed

Colors are frequently added to disposable diapers to enhance the diapering experience. The colors in the interior of diapers are composed of nonsensitizing pigments that are bound during the fiber-making process into the fibers of the nonwoven that covers the absorbent core materials. In the past, the use of color in diapers has been called into question based on the presumed use of disperse dyes, known sensitizers in the textile industry, and erroneous reports in literature. In fact, disperse dyes are not used in leading disposable diapers; the colors used in these disposable diapers are nonsensitizing pigments with favorable safety profiles. Numerous safety tests, such as skin patch tests with pigments used on diaper backsheets, have found no evidence of skin irritation or sensitization. PMID:24961780

Evans, Eric B; Helmes, C Tucker; Kirsch, Taryn; Ruble, Karen M

2014-06-24

23

Wearable Airbags and Safety Diapers  

E-print Network

for its ingenuity as well as its respect for elders. So it should come as no surprise that the Japanese have come up with wearable airbags and safety diapers to cushion the inevitable spills of old age. If elders should lose their balance and pitch over...

Hacker, Randi

2009-02-11

24

Modern Disposable Diaper Construction: Innovations in Performance Help Maintain Healthy Diapered Skin.  

PubMed

Disposable diapers today employ dramatically better fitting, less bulky, and more environmentally friendly features that deliver better performance and help provide protection for infant skin. Continuous innovations in technology and materials have resulted in new generations of disposable diapers that provide extended dryness and reduced leakage. Driven by studies on the skin's response to inherent influences, such as overhydration and irritation, the qualities of disposable diapers today present significant enhancements for skin health compared with earlier disposable versions and even cloth diapers. Over the years, these enhancements in disposable diapers have helped lead to a reduction in incidence and severity of diaper dermatitis. PMID:24961775

Counts, Jennifer L; Helmes, C Tucker; Kenneally, Dianna; Otts, David R

2014-06-24

25

Diagnosis and management of diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

This article presents an overview of diaper dermatitis for the pediatric community. The pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and management of this common condition in infancy are reviewed. This information will assist in making the appropriate diagnosis and managing this irritant contact dermatitis of the diaper area. With conservative management, most cases of irritant diaper dermatitis are self-limited. When the condition persists, one must consider other diagnoses. PMID:24636651

Shin, Helen T

2014-04-01

26

Case report: Diaper dermatitis presenting as pustules.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is the most common dermatologic disorder of infancy. Its cause can often be determined clinically based on the clinical presentation. Primary diaper dermatitis is associated with irritants and spares the deep skin folds. Secondary diaper dermatitis is most often caused by Candida yeast overgrowth and typically presents as a well-defined area of beefy red erythema covering the diaper area and including the deep folds of skin with hallmark satellite pustules. Other causes include seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, acrodermatitis enteropathica, allergic contact dermatitis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and, in the setting of a primarily pustular eruption, bacterial folliculitis. A simple potassium hydroxide preparation (KOH) can confirm the diagnosis of candida diaper dermatitis and guide proper treatment. PMID:25362747

Tucker, Ann T; Emerson, Ashley N; Wyatt, Julie P; Brodell, Robert T

2014-09-01

27

Disposable Diaper Absorbency: Improvements via Advanced Designs.  

PubMed

Absorbency effectiveness in diapers has improved significantly in recent years with the advent of new ingredient combinations and advanced design features. With these features, many leading products maintain their dryness performance overnight. Considering the importance of holding liquid away from the skin, ongoing research in diaper construction focuses on strategies to increase the effectiveness to capture liquid and help avoid rewetting of infant skin. The layout and design of a disposable diaper allows for distribution of absorbency features where they can provide the optimal benefit. Clinical evidence indicates materials can keep moisture away from the skin in the diapered area, helping maintain proper skin hydration, minimizing irritation, and contributing to reduced rates of diaper rash. PMID:24961785

Helmes, C Tucker; O'Connor, Robert; Sawyer, Larry; Young, Sharon

2014-06-24

28

Diaper wars: Chapter six -- technology strikes back  

SciTech Connect

With $1.5 million in funding, including $80,000 from the Israeli Office of the Chief Scientist, Israeli and US investors developed and patented Diapactor, a self-contained unit designed to process 60 used diapers per hour, while reducing volume by 95%. The group introduced the product at WasteExpo `97, held in May in Atlanta. Its end products are pellets of commingled plastic and of cellulose pulp. The machine, about twice the size of the average family washing machine, is produced by Diatec Recycling Technologies USA, Inc. (Agoura Hills, Calif.). Diapers go in at the top of the Diapactor. The machine does the rest, opening the diaper, pumping in water, heating the material, and separating it into usable components. Since paper used for personal hygiene products must meet high standards, the resulting pulp is high grade. It can be recycled into new diapers or various paper products, including stationery. Plastic pellets, produced from the diaper`s tape and lining, can be melted down and recycled into a variety of items, including paving tiles, asphalt, and plastic fencing.

Naquin, D.

1997-10-01

29

Extended Diaper Wearing: Effects on Continence in and out of the Diaper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diaper use is widespread and possibly even increasing across diverse populations in the United States, ranging from infants to very old adults. We found no reports of an experimental analysis of the effect of wearing diapers on the frequency of urinary accidents and the attainment of continence skills (e.g., urinating in the toilet). In this…

Tarbox, Rachel S. F.; Williams, W. Larry; Friman, Patrick C.

2004-01-01

30

Diaper dermatitis: etiology, manifestations, prevention, and management.  

PubMed

Pediatricians and parents report diaper dermatitis (DD) to be one of the most common skin diseases that affects almost every child at some point during the early months and years of life. Diapered skin is exposed to friction and excessive hydration, has a higher pH than nondiapered skin, and is repeatedly soiled with feces that contains enzymes with high irritation potential for the skin. The combination of these factors frequently results in skin damage, leading to visible erythematous lesions that can be irritating and painful to the child. Behavioral changes such as increased crying and agitation and changes in eating and sleeping patterns indicate emotional distress. Appropriate skin care can help to prevent the occurrence of DD and to speed up the healing of affected skin. This includes frequent diaper changes and aeration, gentle cleansing, and the use of a barrier cream. Mild to moderate cases usually resolve after a few days of following this routine, but the use of harsh cleaning products can exacerbate DD. PMID:24224482

Stamatas, Georgios N; Tierney, Neena K

2014-01-01

31

Autosensitisation (Autoeczematisation) reactions in a case of diaper dermatitis candidiasis  

PubMed Central

Diaper dermatitis is the most common cutaneous diagnosis in infants. Most cases are associated with the yeast colonisation of Candida or diaper dermatitis candidiasis (DDC). It is an irritating and inflammatory acute dermatitis in the perineal and perianal areas resulting from the occlusion and irritation caused by diapers. Autoeczematization to a distant focus of dermatophyte infection very rarely presents as DDC. We present a 1-month-old boy with lesion on diaper area (gluteal area, perineum, groin and genitalia) and with clusters of pustules and vesicles on a large erythematous base over the dorsal area of both hands. PMID:25013264

Chirac, Anca; Brzezinski, Piotr; Chiriac, Anca E; Foia, Liliana; Pinteala, Tudor

2014-01-01

32

Autosensitisation (Autoeczematisation) reactions in a case of diaper dermatitis candidiasis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is the most common cutaneous diagnosis in infants. Most cases are associated with the yeast colonisation of Candida or diaper dermatitis candidiasis (DDC). It is an irritating and inflammatory acute dermatitis in the perineal and perianal areas resulting from the occlusion and irritation caused by diapers. Autoeczematization to a distant focus of dermatophyte infection very rarely presents as DDC. We present a 1-month-old boy with lesion on diaper area (gluteal area, perineum, groin and genitalia) and with clusters of pustules and vesicles on a large erythematous base over the dorsal area of both hands. PMID:25013264

Chirac, Anca; Brzezinski, Piotr; Chiriac, Anca E; Foia, Liliana; Pinteala, Tudor

2014-05-01

33

Your Baby's Environment  

MedlinePLUS

... community. Home > Baby > Your baby's environment Your baby's environment Keep your baby away from harmful products and ... added to your dashboard . Protecting your baby from environmental hazards You want your home to be safe ...

34

Babies and diarrhea  

MedlinePLUS

Diarrhea and babies ... be difficult to tell when your baby has diarrhea. Most babies have a stool pattern that is ... following to help decide whether your baby has diarrhea: A sudden increase in how often your baby ...

35

Baby Tales  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site helps students learn about the conception and development of various baby animals. Users can click on "breeding" to get some basic information about the different factors that determine the breeding period. They can then click on the breeding calendar and maneuver through all the months with the orange arrows on each side. The calendar has various animals listed in their correct breeding time. Students can click on an animal to bring up information on that animal's breeding season, number of babies in a litter, and weaning time. Next, students can click on "gestation" to receive some basic information about the development of the baby. They can then click on the gestation graph to see how long each baby takes to develop from conception to birth. Again, students will navigate through this graph using the arrows on each side of the graph.

Science NetLinks (PBS;)

2008-04-29

36

Nappy (diaper) rash: what else besides irritant contact dermatitis?  

PubMed

Nappy (diaper) rash is a common cutaneous disorder of infancy, and diverse dermatoses may affect this region. To perform a differential diagnosis can be challenging. We present four cases to emphasise the importance of clinical diagnosis. PMID:25368136

Carvalho, Vânia Oliveira; Robl, Renata; Uber, Marjorie; Abagge, Kerstin Taniguchi; Marinoni, Leide Parolin; Presa, Juliana Gomes Loyola

2014-11-01

37

Breastfeeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

How does breastfeeding benefit my baby? Breastfeeding benefits your baby in the following ways: • Breast milk provides the perfect mix of ... health problems that preterm babies face. How does breastfeeding my baby benefit me? Breastfeeding is good for ...

38

Continuous Topical Administration of a Petrolatum Formulation by a Novel Disposable Diaper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Diaper dermatitis is a common childhood affliction. Aiming to help reduce the prevalence of this problem, we have developed a novel diaper to deliver to the skin dermatological formulations intended to help protect the skin from overhydration and irritation. Objective: To determine the clinical benefits of a novel disposable diaper designed to deliver a petrolatum-based formulation continuously to the

Mauricio R. Odio; Robert J. O’Connor; Frank Sarbaugh; Sue Baldwin

2000-01-01

39

Continuous Topical Administration of a Petrolatum Formulation by a Novel Disposable Diaper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Cutaneous problems are commonly associated with the use of diapers. Aiming to help reduce them, we have explored the use of the inner layer of diapers as a means to deliver to the skin dermatological formulations intended to help protect it from overhydration and irritation. Objective: To determine the feasibility of using the inner layer of the diaper as

Mauricio R. Odio; Robert J. O’Connor; Frank Sarbaugh; Sue Baldwin

2000-01-01

40

Incentives for Machinery Investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Machinery investment directly effects agricultural production efficiency and profitability. Machinery investment decisions are a function of tax policy, financial, and structural characteristics. This study uses a double hurdle model to determine the factors that affect the decision to purchase machinery as well as the intensity of the machinery purchase. Results indicate that depreciation expense, type of farm, experience, and tax

Joleen C. Hadrich; Ryan A. Larsen; Frayne E. Olson

2012-01-01

41

Safety of Disposable Diaper Materials: Extensive Evaluations Validate Use.  

PubMed

Disposable diapers are primarily composed of polymers, such as cellulose, polypropylene, polyester, and polyethylene, which are biologically inert and not bioavailable. They are used in clothes, fabrics, personal hygiene products, and other materials that are commonly in contact with the skin. Each component used throughout the production process must undergo rigorous safety evaluations and assessments and are proven to be well tolerated and safe for their intended uses. No materials are incorporated into a diaper until their safety is confirmed through robust assessments, and additional factors are integrated into the process to compensate for the uncertainty associated with extrapolating toxicity data. After a thorough assessment of the materials and final product, extensive skin compatibility evaluations are conducted as appropriate. This rigorous safety process provides reassurance that consumers can rely on the safety of these diapers. PMID:24961774

Dey, Swatee; Helmes, C Tucker; White, Jeffrey C; Zhou, Shaoying

2014-06-24

42

Making Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed to introduce learners to genes, genotypes and simple inheritance patterns. In this activity, learners make guesses about their own genotype, create gametes from their genotypes, then make “babies” with a partner. Along the way, learners discover answers to the questions such as: What are genes? How are genes (and traits) passed on? How are gametes different than other cells in our body? Why don’t siblings look alike? This activity is designed to be used in conjunction with the "Human Traits" activity from the same resource but can be used alone.

Irene Salter

2012-04-09

43

Shampoo-Clay Heals Diaper Rash Faster Than Calendula Officinalis  

PubMed Central

Background: Diaper rash is one of the most common skin disorders of infancy and childhood. Some studies have shown that Shampoo-clay was effective to treat chronic dermatitis. Then, it is supposed that it may be effective in diaper rash; however, no published studies were found in this regard. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effects of Shampoo-clay (S.C) and Calendula officinalis (C.O) to improve infantile diaper rash. Patients and Methods: A randomized, double blind, parallel controlled, non-inferiority trial was conducted on 60 outpatient infants referred to health care centers or pediatric clinics in Khomein city and diagnosed with diaper rash. Patients were randomly assigned into two treatment groups including S.C group (n = 30) and C.O group (n = 30) by using one to one allocation ratio. The rate of complete recovery in three days was the primary outcome. Data was collected using a checklist and analyzed using t-test, Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests and risk ratio. Results: Totally, 93.3% of lesions in the S.C group healed in the first 6 hours, while this rate was 40% in C.O group (P < 0.001). The healing ratio for improvement in the first 6 hours was 7 times more in the S.C group. In addition, 90% of infants in the SC group and 36.7% in the C.O group were improved completely in the first 3 days (P < 0.001). Conclusions: S.C was effective to heal diaper rash, and also had faster effects compared to C.O. PMID:25414900

Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Mahmoudi, Mansoreh; Mashaiekhi, Mahdi

2014-01-01

44

BabyCenter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyCenter, provided by BabyCenter, Inc., aims to be a clearinghouse of information for expectant or new parents. Users can consult the Baby Monitor (digests of late breaking news), an interactive baby namer, an Ask the Experts section, and several relevant calculators (including an immunization scheduler, a due date calculator, and a budgeting for baby estimator). The site also contains various short articles in six major areas including pregnancy, family life, and working parents.

45

Clinical approaches to skin cleansing of the diaper area: practice and challenges.  

PubMed

Cleansing and care of the diaper area require special consideration to maintain barrier function of the skin in this area and repair the barrier when it is compromised. Diaper dermatitis occurs commonly; understanding and modification of predisposing factors are imperative for caregivers. In this paper, we review important factors in diaper area care, including skin pH, the local microbiome, irritant and allergic potential of contactants, and application of topical agents. PMID:25403931

Coughlin, Carrie C; Frieden, Ilona J; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

2014-11-01

46

Characterization of the pyrolytic solid derived from used disposable diapers.  

PubMed

This paper confirms through physical and chemical analyses the possibility to reuse the solid pyrolytic residue derived from used disposable diapers (UDD), heated at different temperatures ranging from 500, 700 and 900 degrees C as a soil amendment. With an increasing pyrolytic temperature, the pH, electrical conductivity, available P2O5, exchangeable K+ and cation exchange capacity tended to increase; however, total-N and exchangeable Ca2+ and Mg2+ decreased. The pyrolytic diaper solid produced at 500 degrees C had a high volatile matter (60.22%) and low ash content (19.10%), which can negatively affect crop growth and productivity when added to soil. Heavy metal concentrations were less than the maximum allowable limits according to Japan standards. The surface of the pyrolytic diaper solid was coarse, porous and heterogeneous with higher temperatures. Hydrogen-containing functional groups, such as OH, C-H, N-H and CH2, decreased with increasing pyrolytic temperature. Based on these results, we concluded that the pyrolytic product derived from UDD at higher temperatures offers a potentially effective soil amendment option. PMID:24617074

Oh, Taek-Keun; Shinogi, Yoshiyuki

2013-01-01

47

Your Colicky Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... of swallowing too much air while crying. Some theories suggest that colic occurs when food moves too ... baby's digestive system or is incompletely digested. Other theories are that colic is due to a baby's ...

48

EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT TO DIOXINS FROM THE USE OF TAMPONS AND DIAPERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Exposure Assessment to Dioxins from the Use of Tampons and Diapers Michael J. DeVito and Arnold Schecter Abstract Methods: Four brands of tampons and four brands of infant diapers were analyzed for dioxin concentrations. Exposures to dioxins were modeled using parti...

49

Fecal contamination in child day care centers: cloth vs paper diapers.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. Cloth diapers with front closure and all-in-one design were compared with paper diapers containing absorbent gel material for their influence on fecal contamination of the environment in licensed child day care centers. METHODS. One infant room and two toddler rooms in each of four day care centers were monitored for the presence of fecal bacteria. Microbial samples were taken from the play/sleep area, the diaper-changing area, and the hands of the caregivers and the children. Sampling was done twice weekly for two 4-week periods. Each center used either cloth or paper diapers during the first period, changing to the other diaper type during the second period. RESULTS. A total of 1722 samples were cultured, 881 during the first 4 weeks and 841 during the second 4 weeks. The frequency of isolation of fecal organisms ranged from a low of 12% of the total bacteria isolates at a center using cloth diapers, to highs of 46% and 45%, respectively, at a center using first paper and then cloth diapers. Sink faucets and the hands of the caregivers and the children were often contaminated. CONCLUSIONS. Analysis of the results of comparisons between cloth and paper diapers showed no significant difference in the frequency (F = .380, P < .535) or the intensity of fecal contamination in child day care centers. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 PMID:7832258

Holaday, B; Waugh, G; Moukaddem, V E; West, J; Harshman, S

1995-01-01

50

Your Premature Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... stay warm. Can breastfeed or bottle-feed Gains weight steadily (1/2 to 1 ounce each day) Can breathe on his own Your baby may need special equipment , treatment or medicine after he leaves the hospital . Your baby’s provider and the staff ...

51

Hydrogels: a journey from diapers to gene delivery.  

PubMed

Hydrogels are the biomaterials comprising network of natural or synthetic polymers capable of absorbing large amount of water. Hydrogels are "Smart Gels" or "Intelligent Gels" which can be made to respond to the various environmental conditions like temperature, pH, magnetic/electric field, ionic strength, inflammation, external stress etc. There are numerous potential applications of hydrogels in modern day life ranging from a diaper to gene delivery. This review succinctly describes the classification, properties and preparation methods along with numerous diverse applications of hydrogels like agricultural hydrogels, hydrogel for drug delivery, sensing, dental adhesives, wound healing and tissue regeneration, diet aid and gastric retention and in tissue engineering etc. Hydrogels can be regarded as highly valuable biomaterials for human-beings. PMID:24387710

Chawla, Pooja; Srivastava, Alok Ranjan; Pandey, Priyanka; Chawla, Viney

2014-02-01

52

Comparison of the effect of human milk and topical hydrocortisone 1% on diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin problems in infants and children, affecting between 7% and 35% of infants. This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of hydrocortisone 1% ointment with that of human breast milk in treating acute diaper dermatitis in infants ages 0 to 24 months. Infants with diaper rash were treated with either hydrocortisone 1% ointment (n = 70) or human breast milk (n = 71) for 7 days. Improvement in the rash from baseline was seen in both treatment groups on days 3 and 7; there was no significant difference in total rash scores on days 3 and 7. Treatment with human breast milk was as effective as hydrocortisone 1% ointment alone. Human breast milk is an effective and safe treatment for diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:23600719

Farahani, Leila Amiri; Ghobadzadeh, Maryam; Yousefi, Parsa

2013-01-01

53

Birds, Bees and Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study designed to determine which particular aspects of pregnancy, birth, and babies were of most interest to 8-year-old children. Children were interested in details of a baby's behavior and development as well as the impact of its arrival on the parents. There were distinct gender differences in those topics, which particularly…

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

1997-01-01

54

Agriculture Power and Machinery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist vocational agriculture teachers who are teaching secondary- or postsecondary-level courses in agricultural power and machinery. The materials presented are based on the Arizona validated occupational competencies and tasks for the following occupations: service manager, shop foreman, service technician, and tractor…

Rogers, Tom

55

Agriculture Education. Farm Machinery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed for group instruction of secondary agricultural education students enrolled in one or two semester-long courses in farm machinery. The guide presents units of study in the following areas: (1) small gas engines, (2) job opportunities, (3) tractors, (4) engines, (5) hydraulics, (6) electrical system, (7) combine…

Stuttgart Public Schools, AR.

56

Effect of diaper cream and wet wipes on skin barrier properties in infants: a prospective randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

The effect of different diaper care procedures on skin barrier function in infants has been minimally investigated and may be assessed using objective methods. In a single-center, prospective trial, 89 healthy 9-month-old infants (±8 wks) were randomly assigned to three diaper care regimens: group I used water-moistened washcloths at diaper changes (n = 30), group II additionally applied diaper cream twice daily (n = 28), and group III used wet wipes and diaper cream twice daily (n = 31). Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration (SCH), skin pH, interleukin 1? (IL-1?) levels, and microbiologic colonization were measured in diapered skin (upper outer quadrant of the buttocks), nondiapered skin (upper leg), and if diaper dermatitis (DD) occurred, using the most affected skin area at day 1 and weeks 4 and 8. Skin condition was assessed utilizing a neonatal skin condition score and diaper rash grade. On diapered skin, SCH decreased in groups II and III, whereas TEWL values were reduced in group II only. Skin pH increased in groups II and III. In general, SCH, skin pH, and IL-1? levels were higher in healthy diapered skin than in nondiapered skin. The incidence and course of DD was comparable in all groups. Areas with DD had greater TEWL and skin pH than unaffected skin areas. Infants who received diaper cream had lower SCH and TEWL and higher pH levels in the diapered area than on nondiapered skin. No correlation with the occurrence of DD was found. PMID:25424209

Garcia Bartels, Natalie; Lünnemann, Lena; Stroux, Andrea; Kottner, Jan; Serrano, José; Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike

2014-01-01

57

Instability in Rotating Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proceedings contain 45 papers on a wide range of subjects including flow generated instabilities in fluid flow machines, cracked shaft detection, case histories of instability phenomena in compressors, turbines, and pumps, vibration control in turbomachinery (including antiswirl techniques), and the simulation and estimation of destabilizing forces in rotating machines. The symposium was held to serve as an update on the understanding and control of rotating machinery instability problems.

1985-01-01

58

Shaken Baby Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... and bleeding, which can lead to permanent, severe brain damage or death. The characteristic injuries of shaken baby syndrome are subdural hemorrhages (bleeding in the brain), retinal hemorrhages (bleeding in the retina), damage to ...

59

Immunizations for Preterm Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... Article Body Some parents of preterm and low birth weight babies are concerned about immunizing their newborns according ... too fragile to be vaccinated because of low birth weight and possible health problems that came with their ...

60

Baby's First Test  

MedlinePLUS

... Deadline to Send Baby Blood Spot Sample Now 1 Business Day Read more here: http://www.heraldonline.com/2013/08/21/5134844/new-california-law-mandating-newborn.html#storylink=cpy Read more here: ...

61

Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)  

MedlinePLUS

... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...

62

Can Baby Hear?  

MedlinePLUS

... Current Issue Past Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Can Baby Hear? Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table ... to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). Prior to this, the average age ...

63

Bonding with Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... the child's social and cognitive development. Why Is Bonding Important? Bonding is essential for a baby. Studies ... as biological parents and their children. Back Continue Bonding With Daddy Men these days spend more time ...

64

Feeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... to Order Bottles Feeding FAQs Bottle Adaptations Movie Credits Terms & Conditions Feeding Your Baby Booklet Parents and ... Help Send us Feedback Terms and Conditions | Movie Credits Click here for the booklet version of our ...

65

Isospinning baby Skyrmion solutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We perform full two-dimensional (2D) numerical relaxations of isospinning soliton solutions in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken by the 2D analogue of the pion mass term in the Skyrme model. In our calculations we explicitly allow the isospinning solitons to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configurations. We find that stable isospinning baby Skyrme solutions can be constructed numerically for all angular frequencies ??min?(?,1), where ? is the mass parameter of the model. Stable, rotationally symmetric baby Skyrmion solutions for higher angular velocities are simply an artefact of the hedgehog approximation. Isospinning multisoliton solutions of topological charge B turn out to be unstable to break up into their B charge-1 constituents at some critical breakup frequency value. Furthermore, we find that for ? sufficiently large the rotational symmetry of charge-2 baby Skyrmions becomes broken at a critical angular frequency ?.

Battye, Richard A.; Haberichter, Mareike

2013-12-01

66

Shaken Baby Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history, epidemiology, biomechanics, diagnosis, treatment, outcomes, long-term management, and prevention of shaken baby syndrome. It presents medical-legal issues as well as a discussion of programs aimed at prevention of physical abuse. (Author/DB)

Alexander, Randell C.; Smith, Wilbur L.

1998-01-01

67

Infants & Toddlers: "Baby Moves"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By three to four months of age, most babies placed on their tummies on a safe, warm surface push down with their arms and raise their chests, so that they can turn their heads to look about at the world around them. By five months, babies stretch both feet and hands upward in order to swipe at interesting mobiles placed overhead. At seven to nine…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2007-01-01

68

Battle the Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive game, learners compare their music-listening skills with that of a three-month-old baby. This game challenges learners to listen to pairs of tunes and detect whether their rhythm or melody is the same or different. Three-month-old babies can recognize rhythms and a series of notes as a melody. They often hear subtle changes to melodies and rhythm that adults sometimes miss. Requires a computer with speakers or headphones.

Minnesota, Science M.

2012-06-26

69

Visiting your baby in the NICU  

MedlinePLUS

... an enclosed, see-through plastic crib called an incubator. This special crib will: Keep your baby warm. ... your baby’s skin through the openings of the incubator. As your baby grows and improves, you will ...

70

[Babies with cranial deformity].  

PubMed

Plagiocephaly was diagnosed in a baby aged 4 months and brachycephaly in a baby aged 5 months. Positional or deformational plagio- or brachycephaly is characterized by changes in shape and symmetry of the cranial vault. Treatment options are conservative and may include physiotherapy and helmet therapy. During the last two decades the incidence of positional plagiocephaly has increased in the Netherlands. This increase is due to the recommendation that babies be laid on their backs in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. We suggest the following: in cases of positional preference of the infant, referral to a physiotherapist is indicated. In cases of unacceptable deformity of the cranium at the age 5 months, moulding helmet therapy is a possible treatment option. PMID:19857299

Feijen, Michelle M W; Claessens, Edith A W M Habets; Dovens, Anke J Leenders; Vles, Johannes S; van der Hulst, Rene R W J

2009-01-01

71

Health Issues of Premature Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... Fever Genitals & Urinary Tract Head, Neck & Nervous System Obesity Skin Treatments View all Injuries & Emergencies Sports Injuries ... It Is: Jaundice happens when a chemical called bilirubin builds up in the baby’s blood. As a ...

72

Mom and Baby Skin Care  

MedlinePLUS

... and baby skin care Mom and baby skin care Skin care concerns during and after pregnancy Melasma Also known ... chilled product can help alleviate the itch. Hair care concerns during and after pregnancy Excessive hair growth ...

73

Positioning your baby for breastfeeding  

MedlinePLUS

... Adjust your baby’s position if you need to. FOOTBALL HOLD Use the football hold if you had a C-section. This ... large breasts or flat nipples also like the football hold. Hold your baby like a football. Tuck ...

74

Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

2009-01-01

75

No Baby Left behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"No Baby Left Behind" was created to have an impact on the school readiness of children in the community today and in the future. Each year, there are an increasing number of students who have learning difficulties. Many of these problems are preventable. Accidents, poor nutrition (of the mother and/or child), drug use, alcohol use, and lack of…

Blanton, Dorothy

2007-01-01

76

Dogs Over Babies  

E-print Network

wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-08-19

77

Once Baby Arrives  

MedlinePLUS

... Be Main Page Foodborne illness is a serious health issue, especially for your new baby and any other children in your home. Each year in the U.S., 800,000 illnesses affect children under the age of 10. Infants and young children are particularly vulnerable to foodborne ...

78

Finger Foods for Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... Your little one needs to eat nutrient-rich foods instead of consuming empty calories found in desserts and high-fat snacks, such as potato chips. It's tempting to want to see the baby's reactions to some of these foods, but now is not the time. Grandparents and ...

79

Breastfeeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... Some soreness or discomfort is normal when beginning breastfeeding. Nipple pain or soreness that continues past the first week ... not get better usually is not normal. Nipple pain may be caused by the baby not ... to avoid sore areas. • Engorgement—When your ...

80

Anti-fungal resistance in candida isolated from oral and diaper rash candidiasis in neonates  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the sensitivity of Candida species isolated from oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis infections in children. The children referring to private and public clinics in Ilam, Iran were exmined for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. In this study, 248 oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis samples were collected and cultured.Candida species were identified by using standard methods. Resistance and sensitivity to amphotericin B, nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, clotrimazole, and posaconazole were determined using the CLSI M44-A standard disk diffusion method. From the 248 studied samples, 149 were positive for Candida, among which the Candida albicans was the most prevalent (64.4%). The resistance of different Candida species to nystatin, itraconazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole were 4, 43, 34.2, 34.9, 21.5, 6, and 6.7%, respectively. No resistance to amphotericin B was observed. Considering rather low resistance to nystatin, this drug is the best choice for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. PMID:25512681

Mohamadi, Jasem; Motaghi, Mahsa; panahi, Jafar; Havasian, Mohamad Reza; Delpisheh, Ali; Azizian, Mitra; Pakzad, Iraj

2014-01-01

81

The effects of Bentonite and Calendula on the improvement of infantile diaper dermatitis  

PubMed Central

Background: Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin disorders of infancy and childhood. The present study aimed to compare the effects of Bentonite and Calendula on the improvement of diaper dermatitis in infants. Materials and Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled trial, which was conducted on 60 out-patient infants referred to health care centers or pediatric clinics in Khomein city and diagnosed with diaper dermatitis. Data were collected by checklist and observation, and analyzed using t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test. Results: Mean (standard error) age of the total sample was 6.55 ± 0.69 months. Totally, 93.3% of lesions in the Bentonite group started its recovery in the first 6 h, while this rate was 40% in Calendula group (P < 0.001). Furthermore, 90% of infants in the Bentonite group and 36.7% in the Calendula group were improved completely in the first 3 days (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Bentonite was effective on the improvement of diaper dermatitis, and also had faster effects compared with Calendula. PMID:25097603

Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Mahmoudi, Mansoreh; Mashaiekhi, Mahdi

2014-01-01

82

Factors involved in the development of diaper-area granuloma of the aged.  

PubMed

An infant skin disease with clusters of nodules in the diaper contact area was reported as granuloma gluteale infantum. Recently, the number of elderly patients with this condition has increased, and it has been reported as diaper-area granuloma of the aged. These lesions are presumably caused by irritation from feces and urine. We observed similar cutaneous symptoms in six elderly patients, five of whom revealed clusters of nodules arranged in a circular pattern in the gluteal region presenting a peculiar clinical picture. They were all bedridden and wore cloth diapers. We speculate that wearing a cloth diaper seems to be a major factor behind this condition. Another factor was sitting during the day. A subject had lesions with nodules on the scrotum. The distribution of nodules appeared to be related to the body position and vigorous movement of the patient. In all cases, topical steroid therapies were not effective. They were all positive for bacteriuria. Chronic urinary tract infection further irritates the skin. It is necessary to reduce urine contact and keep the lesion clean. PMID:24304142

Isogai, Rieko; Yamada, Hidekazu

2013-12-01

83

Anti-fungal resistance in candida isolated from oral and diaper rash candidiasis in neonates.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the sensitivity of Candida species isolated from oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis infections in children. The children referring to private and public clinics in Ilam, Iran were exmined for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. In this study, 248 oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis samples were collected and cultured.Candida species were identified by using standard methods. Resistance and sensitivity to amphotericin B, nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, clotrimazole, and posaconazole were determined using the CLSI M44-A standard disk diffusion method. From the 248 studied samples, 149 were positive for Candida, among which the Candida albicans was the most prevalent (64.4%). The resistance of different Candida species to nystatin, itraconazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole were 4, 43, 34.2, 34.9, 21.5, 6, and 6.7%, respectively. No resistance to amphotericin B was observed. Considering rather low resistance to nystatin, this drug is the best choice for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. PMID:25512681

Mohamadi, Jasem; Motaghi, Mahsa; Panahi, Jafar; Havasian, Mohamad Reza; Delpisheh, Ali; Azizian, Mitra; Pakzad, Iraj

2014-01-01

84

Parents' knowledge and behaviour concerning sunning their babies; a cross-sectional, descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Background For centuries, sunlight has been used for therapeutic purposes. Parents still sun their infants to treat neonatal jaundice, nappy rash or mostly to supply vitamin D for bone development as a consequence of health beliefs. In this study we aimed to assess knowledge and behaviour of parents about benefits of sunlight and sun protection. Methods In this study, parents attending to governmental primary healthcare units for their children's routine vaccinations, upon their informed consent, were consecutively enrolled during one month. Data were collected by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results The mean age of 118 enrolled parents and their babies were 27.9 ± 6.5 years and 8.3 ± 5.8 months, respectively. Most of the participants were mothers (93.2%), housewives (81.4%) with an educational level of ?6 years (71.2%). Sunlight was considered beneficial for bone development (86.4%), diaper rash (5.9%) and neonatal jaundice (12.7%). In case of neonatal jaundice 72.0% of the participants reported that they would consult a physician. Most of the participants (82.2%) were sunning their babies outdoors. Nearly half (49.7%) of them got this information from medical staff. Fifty two percent of the parents were sunning their babies before 10–11 a.m. and/or after 3 p.m. Only 13.6% of parents reported using sunscreen for their babies, and the majority of them were using sun protecting factor ? 15. One forth of the sunscreen users was using sunscreen according to their physicians' advice. Conclusion Most of the participants were aware of the benefits of sunlight; especially for bone development. However they were displaying inappropriate behaviour while sunning their babies for health reasons. More education should be given to parents about the danger of sunlight at primary health care units while advising to sun their babies, if any. PMID:17076884

Aladag, Nihal; Filiz, Tuncay M; Topsever, Pinar; Gorpelioglu, Suleyman

2006-01-01

85

MACHINERY RESONANCE AND DRILLING  

SciTech Connect

New developments in vibration analysis better explain machinery resonance, through an example of drill bit chattering during machining of rusted steel. The vibration of an operating drill motor was measured, the natural frequency of an attached spring was measured, and the two frequencies were compared to show that the system was resonant. For resonance to occur, one of the natural frequencies of a structural component must be excited by a cyclic force of the same frequency. In this case, the frequency of drill bit chattering due to motor rotation equaled the spring frequency (cycles per second), and the system was unstable. A soft rust coating on the steel to be drilled permitted chattering to start at the drill bit tip, and the bit oscillated on and off of the surface, which increased the wear rate of the drill bit. This resonant condition is typically referred to as a motor critical speed. The analysis presented here quantifies the vibration associated with this particular critical speed problem, using novel techniques to describe resonance.

Leishear, R.; Fowley, M.

2010-01-23

86

Aloof baby Skyrmions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul

2015-01-01

87

Aloof Baby Skyrmions  

E-print Network

We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

2014-09-29

88

Multirobot inspection of industrial machinery  

E-print Network

Inspection of aircraft and power generation machinery using a swarm of miniature robots is a promising application both from an intellectual and a commercial perspective. Our research is motivated by a case study concerned ...

Correll, Nikolaus

89

The machinery of macroautophagy  

PubMed Central

Autophagy is a primarily degradative pathway that takes place in all eukaryotic cells. It is used for recycling cytoplasm to generate macromolecular building blocks and energy under stress conditions, to remove superfluous and damaged organelles to adapt to changing nutrient conditions and to maintain cellular homeostasis. In addition, autophagy plays a critical role in cytoprotection by preventing the accumulation of toxic proteins and through its action in various aspects of immunity including the elimination of invasive microbes and its participation in antigen presentation. The most prevalent form of autophagy is macroautophagy, and during this process, the cell forms a double-membrane sequestering compartment termed the phagophore, which matures into an autophagosome. Following delivery to the vacuole or lysosome, the cargo is degraded and the resulting macromolecules are released back into the cytosol for reuse. The past two decades have resulted in a tremendous increase with regard to the molecular studies of autophagy being carried out in yeast and other eukaryotes. Part of the surge in interest in this topic is due to the connection of autophagy with a wide range of human pathophysiologies including cancer, myopathies, diabetes and neurodegenerative disease. However, there are still many aspects of autophagy that remain unclear, including the process of phagophore formation, the regulatory mechanisms that control its induction and the function of most of the autophagy-related proteins. In this review, we focus on macroautophagy, briefly describing the discovery of this process in mammalian cells, discussing the current views concerning the donor membrane that forms the phagophore, and characterizing the autophagy machinery including the available structural information. PMID:24366339

Feng, Yuchen; He, Ding; Yao, Zhiyuan; Klionsky, Daniel J

2014-01-01

90

Having Healthy Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Inside: Having Healthy BabiesThis booklet summarizes what health professionals know about healthy babies and mothers. It shows women how to avoid or reduce the health risks of pregnancy, provides information about the development of healthy infants and toddlers, and outlines the steps of pregnancy from conception to labor and delivery to postnatal care. Having Healthy Babies directs readers to more sources of information and to the latest scientific research.The Science Inside e-book series is intended to be a bridge between the consumer health brochure and the scientific paper, the booklets in this series focus on the science that is inside of, or behind, the disease its cause, its possible cure, its treatment, promising research, and so on. These booklets are designed to appeal to people who have not had the opportunity to study the science and to understand why they may have been given some of the advice that they have been given through some of the more consumer-oriented materials.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science;)

2003-01-01

91

Machinery Safety on the Farm  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Machinery Safety on the Farm is an online publication designed for Virginia Tech students and instructors that provides an overview of various aspects of maintaining safety in a farm setting. The document highlights common hazards in machinery, complete with diagrams and descriptions for each type; then delves into the various precautions necessary to avoid accidents involving the aforementioned problem areas. The article is available as the html page, or as an optional pdf at the bottom of the page.

Grisso, Robert

92

Use of hydrophilic polymers from diapers to aid the establishment of Spergularia purpurea in a mine soil.  

PubMed

We used hydrophilic polymers from diapers to aid the establishment of an indigenous plant (Spergularia purpurea (Persoon) G. Don fil.) in a soil from a pyrite mine. Lysimeters were filled with the mine soil with no amendment (control), with a polyacrylate polymer, with a polymer removed from diapers, and with shredded diapers. The establishment of a plant cover was faster in soil amended with polymer from diapers, and 85 days after sowing the soil was completely covered in all treatments except control. The concentrations of trace elements in plant shoots decreased in amended soil. The activities of soil acid phosphatase, beta-glucosidase, protease and cellulase were greatest in soil amended with the polyacrylate polymer or with polymer removed from diapers, while the application of shredded diapers leads to values that were in general intermediate between these treatments and unamended control. Basal- and substrate-induced respirations, and dehydrogenase were greatest in soil amended with polymers, but the presence of a plastic film and fibrous materials from shredded diapers prevented any improvement in these parameters compared with unamended soil. In the second experiment, we evaluated the risk of downward movement of polymers in columns of a sandy soil. Polymer from diapers, with or without Cu, was placed at a 10 cm-depth. Five leaching cycles with artificial rain took place and leachates were analyzed for organic matter and Cu. At the end of the experiment, the soil columns were sliced and each layer was analyzed separately. Some repacking of soil and polymer particles took place, but there was no indication that polymers moved to any great depth in soil columns. PMID:20207477

Qu, G; de Varennes, A

2010-06-15

93

Workability and Machinery Sizing for Combine Harvesting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Harvesting costs make up 30% of overall in-field machinery costs. In addition to this, indirect machinery costs may be incurred through timeliness effects, i.e., reduction in crop yield and quality caused by inefficient scheduling of machinery operations. Optimal work organization and machinery utilization are essential elements in achieving cost reductions, requiring detailed quantifications of harvesting workability and machine performance. This

C. G. Sørensen

2003-01-01

94

Clinical and mycological benefits of topical application of honey, olive oil and beeswax in diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Twelve infants suffering from diaper dermatitis were treated four times daily for 7 days with a mixture containing honey, olive oil and beeswax. The severity of erythema was evaluated on a five-point scale. Three infants had severe erythema and ulceration, four had moderate erythema, and five had moderate erythema with maceration. The initial mean lesion score of 2.91 +/- 0.79 declined significantly (p < 0.05) to 2.0 +/- 0.98 (day 3), 1.25 +/- 0.96 (day 5) and 0.66 +/- 0.98 (day 7). Candida albicans was isolated initially from four patients, but from only two patients after treatment. This topical treatment was safe and well-tolerated, and demonstrated clinical and mycological benefits in the treatment of diaper dermatitis. PMID:15679495

Al-Waili, N S

2005-02-01

95

Anaphylaxis to Cutaneous Exposure to Milk Protein in a Diaper Rash Ointment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 12-month-old boy, with a strong history of cow's milk allergy, developed two episodes of anaphylaxis following cutaneous application of a casein containing ointment to an inflamed diaper area. RAST testing showed a significant elevation in specific IgE antibodies to milk and milk proteins. This experience suggests that children who are highly sensitive to milk may have severe allergic reactions

Laura M. Jarmoc; William A. Primack

1987-01-01

96

Biomonitoring of infant exposure to phenolic endocrine disruptors using urine expressed from disposable gel diapers.  

PubMed

Infant exposure to endocrine disruptors (EDs) may cause adverse health effects because of their fast growth and development during this life stage. However, collecting urine from infants for exposure assessment using biological monitoring is not an easy task. For this purpose, we evaluated the feasibility of using urine expressed from disposable gel absorbent diapers (GADs) as a matrix for biomonitoring selected phenolic EDs. GADs urine was expressed with the assistance of CaCl(2) and was collected using a device fabricated in our laboratory. The analytes were extracted and concentrated using a liquid-liquid method and their hydroxyl groups were modified by dansyl chloride to enhance their chromatography and detection. Finally, the analytes were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The target chemicals were bisphenol A, triclosan, 17 ?-ethynylestradiol, the natural hormone estrone, and 17 ?-estradiol. The ratio of the CaCl(2) to the urine-wetted gel absorbent, variation of the inter-urination volume, and analyte deposition bias in the diaper were assessed. Analyte blank values in the diapers, the sample storage stabilities, and recoveries of the analytes were also evaluated. The results showed that 70-80 % of the urine could be expressed from the diaper with the assistance of CaCl(2) and 70.5-124 % of the spiked analytes can be recovered in the expressed urine. The limits of detections (LODs) were 0.02-0.27 ng/mL, well within the range for detection in human populations. Our pilot data suggest that infants are widely exposed to the selected EDs. PMID:24924209

Liu, Liangpo; Xia, Tongwei; Zhang, Xueqin; Barr, Dana Boyd; Alamdar, Ambreen; Zhang, Jie; Tian, Meiping; Huang, Qingyu; Shen, Heqing

2014-08-01

97

No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a super-absorbent polymer exposed to water and simulated urine (colored salt water), students practice many inquiry skills: observation, measurement, graphing, and data analysis.

Schiller, Ellen; Yezierski, Ellen

2009-10-01

98

Mapping the Baby Universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In June, NASA plans to launch the Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP) to survey the ancient radiation in unprecedented detail. MAP will map slight temperature fluctuations within the microwave background that vary by only 0.00001 C across a chilly radiation that now averages 2.73 C above absolute zero. The temperature differences today point back to density differences in the fiery baby universe, in which there was a little more matter here and a little less matter there. Areas of slightly enhanced density had stronger gravity than low-density areas. The high-density areas pulled back on the background radiation, making it appear slightly cooler in those directions.

Wanjek, Christopher

2003-01-01

99

Baby-Crying Acceptance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The baby's crying is his most important mean of communication. The crying monitoring performed by devices that have been developed doesn't ensure the complete safety of the child. It is necessary to join, to these technological resources, means of communicating the results to the responsible, which would involve the digital processing of information available from crying. The survey carried out, enabled to understand the level of adoption, in the continental territory of Portugal, of a technology that will be able to do such a digital processing. It was used the TAM as the theoretical referential. The statistical analysis showed that there is a good probability of acceptance of such a system.

Martins, Tiago; de Magalhães, Sérgio Tenreiro

100

Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's  

MedlinePLUS

Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's KidsHealth > Parents > Growth & Development > Feeding & Eating > Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours ... syndrome (SIDS) . Continue My baby falls asleep while nursing. What Can I Do? Your baby may seem ...

101

Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... page It's been added to your dashboard . Sickle cell disease and your baby Sickle cell disease (also ... know if your baby has SCD or sickle cell trait? All babies have a newborn screening test ...

102

Tractor & Machinery Safety. 1984 Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is intended for use in teaching an instructional unit in tractor and machinery safety that is geared toward college freshmen. Addressed in the individual lessons of the unit are the following topics: understanding the importance of safe and efficient tractor operation, understanding the characteristics of tractors, preparing…

Montana State Office of Public Instruction, Helena. Dept. of Vocational Education Services.

103

Treatment of the biodegradable fraction of used disposable diapers by co-digestion with waste activated sludge.  

PubMed

The results presented in this paper are part of a project aimed at designing an original solution for the treatment of used disposable diapers permitting the recycling of materials and the recovery of energy. Diapers must be collected separately at source and transported to an industrial facility to undergo special treatment which makes it possible to separate plastics and to recover a biodegradable fraction (BFD) made up mainly of cellulose. The methane yield of BFD was measured and found to be 280 ml CH4/g VSfed on average. 150 kg of dry BFD can be retrieved from the treatment of one ton of used disposable diapers, representing an energy potential of about 400 kW h of total energy or 130 kW h of electricity. As the treatment process for used diapers requires very high volumes of water, the setting up of the diaper treatment facility at a wastewater treatment plant already equipped with an anaerobic digester offers the advantages of optimizing water use as well as its further treatment and, also, the anaerobic digestion of BFD. The lab-scale experiments in a SBR showed that BFD co-digestion with sewage sludge (38% BFD and 62% waste activated sludge on volatile solids basis) was feasible. However, special attention should be paid to problems that might arise from the addition of BFD to a digester treating WAS such as insufficient mixing or floating particles leading to the accumulation of untreated solids in the digester. PMID:24380632

Torrijos, M; Sousbie, P; Rouez, M; Lemunier, M; Lessard, Y; Galtier, L; Simao, A; Steyer, J P

2014-03-01

104

DEVELOPMENT, VALIDATION AND FIELD USE OF NOVEL METHOD FOR EXTRACTING AND ANALYZING ORGANOPHOSPHATE (OP) AND PYRETHROID PESTICIDE METABOLITES AND CREATININE FROM COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE DISPOSABLE DIAPERS  

EPA Science Inventory

The ability to efficiently extract urine from disposable diapers ensures an easy to use urine collection protocol and ready compliance for caregivers of very young children. The use of disposable diapers is also desirable because of their high capacity- urine is retained effecti...

105

Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs  

MedlinePLUS

... plastic slots or indentations that can hold soap, shampoo, and other cleaning supplies. A plug at the ... your baby's bathing supplies ahead of time, including shampoo, soap, washcloth, towel, clean clothes, and a clean ...

106

When your baby is stillborn  

MedlinePLUS

... obese Are carrying multiple babies (twins or more) African-American Have had a previous stillbirth Have high blood ... SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, et al, eds. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies . 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: ...

107

Colostrum: Your Baby's First Meal  

MedlinePLUS

... substances to protect your baby against infections. Its color and thickness are due to the fact that ... amount and becomes more creamy or white in color—a time that mothers frequently refer to as ...

108

PKU (Phenylketonuria) in Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... risk for birth defects of the brain and spin called neural tube defects (NTDs). But it only ... How we help We help moms have full-term pregnancies and healthy babies. If something goes wrong, ...

109

Taking Care of a Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Science NetLinks lesson, students are introduced to the basics of how a baby grows inside its mother until its birth. They then consider and discuss the birthing process. Then students are led into the third part of the lesson, which focuses on the early years of infancy. They are prompted to think about the kinds of basic needs infants have and the critical role adults play in ensuring a baby's healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development.

Science Netlinks

2003-06-02

110

Integrins anchor the invasive machinery.  

PubMed

Cell invasion through the basement membrane, a process important for both development and disease pathogenesis, depends on an interplay of adhesive, force transducing, proteolytic, and chemotactic machineries. The mechanisms whereby these different processes are integrated on the cellular level have remained elusive. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Sherwood and coworkers now identify integrins as integration platforms for a specialized invasive membrane domain in C. elegans. PMID:19686676

Wickström, Sara A; Fässler, Reinhard

2009-08-01

111

Leasing vs. Buying Farm Machinery  

E-print Network

Leasing vs. Buying Farm Machinery Risk Management E-571 RM5-4.0 06-09 *Professor and Extension Economist?Management and Extension Program Specialist III? Economic Accoutability, The Texas A&M System. Equipment leasing has gained favor... with farmers and ranchers in recent years. Leasing often can be advantageous, but one must under- stand how leases work and how to compare the costs of leasing and buying. When equipment is purchased, the buyer owns 100 percent of the property and has com...

Klinefelter, Danny A.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-06-01

112

The Musical Dimension of Daily Routines with Under-Four Children during Diaper Change, Bedtime and Free-Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with an action-research project currently being undertaken at the University of Bologna concerning the observation of music making during daily routines with under-four children during diaper change, bedtime and free-play. Several observational protocols were carried out in natural and spontaneous contexts. The data analysis was…

Addessi, Anna Rita

2009-01-01

113

Baby Solar System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol

2012-01-01

114

'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 11 (June 5, 2008), the eleventh day after landing. It shows the trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm. The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test. The trench on the right is informally called 'Baby Bear.' The sample dug from Baby Bear will be delivered to the Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA. The Baby Bear trench is 9 centimeters (3.1 inches) wide and 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) deep.

The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

2008-01-01

115

Designer babies--why not?  

PubMed

Though many objections can be levelled against the idea of the practice of genetic intervention to produce 'designer babies', upon examination they are shown to hinge on features which concern parental intentions towards their children, rather than features specific to the means involved. These intentions may be pursued by a variety of social practices which may, though need not, involve a measure of 'traditional' genetic selection (i.e. in terms of the identity and characteristics of the reproducing partners). This paper reviews a number of these objections and, by parity of reasoning, rejects their claim to count specifically or decisively against genetic intervention in pursuit of 'designer babies'. Rejecting these objections does not lead to the endorsement of 'designing babies, but it shows that any unease must be grounded elsewhere and defended by other arguments. PMID:15586985

Evans, M

2001-02-01

116

Relationship between skin barrier function in early neonates and diaper dermatitis during the first month of life: a prospective observational study.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis, a common skin problem in newborn infants, is characterized by poor functioning of the skin barrier. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between skin barrier function in 4-day-old infants and the occurrence of diaper dermatitis during the first month of life. We recruited healthy Japanese infants born at 35 weeks of gestation or more. We measured indicators of skin barrier function, namely skin pH and transepidermal water loss, in 4-day-old infants on four places on the body. Individual characteristics were recorded from the infants' medical charts. The presence of diaper dermatitis was judged using the diaper rash and erythema scoring scale, which was based on daily recording of the infants' skin condition by their parents. The parents also filled out a questionnaire 1 month after birth regarding stool frequency and certain external factors. The association between diaper dermatitis and skin barrier function was assessed using multiple logistic regression analysis. The analysis included 88 infants. The incidence of diaper dermatitis was 25.0%. After adjusting for stool frequency for 1 month we noted that high pH on the inner arm skin in 4-day-old infants increased the risk of diaper dermatitis during the first month of life (adjusted odds ratio 3.35 [95% confidence interval = 1.12, 10.04]). Early neonatal skin pH may predict the risk of diaper dermatitis during the first month of life. Our results may be useful in devising strategies to prevent diaper dermatitis. PMID:25209731

Yonezawa, Kaori; Haruna, Megumi; Shiraishi, Mie; Matsuzaki, Masayo; Sanada, Hiromi

2014-01-01

117

Baffled by the Baby Bottle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case is based on an actual article entitled "Baby Alert" that appeared in Consumer Reports (May 1999). The article raises some concerns about the safety of polycarbonate baby bottles, and recommends that parents dispose of them as a precaution. However, the American Plastics Council and the Food and Drug Administration have raised concerns about the experimental methodology used as well as the recommendations made in this article. The case has been used to help develop students’ critical thinking skills in an introductory chemistry course for non-majors. It may be used to illustrate applications in polymer chemistry, quantitative chemical analysis, toxicology, endocrine disruption, and risk-benefit analysis.

Jeannot, Michael A.

1999-01-01

118

Protect Your Baby from Group B Strep!  

MedlinePLUS

... Features Protect Your Baby from Group B Strep! Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Protect your baby from ... Address What's this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Language: English Español (Spanish) File Formats Help: How do I ...

119

Questions Parents Ask about Baby Shots  

MedlinePLUS

... on the next page ? Questions Parents Ask About Vaccinations for Babies Why are vaccinations important? What diseases do vaccines protect against? I ... I need to bring my baby in for vaccinations? How do I know when to take my ...

120

When Your Teen Is Having a Baby  

MedlinePLUS

When Your Teen Is Having a Baby KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Tough Topics > When Your Teen Is Having a Baby ... at a time like this. Continue What Your Teen May Be Feeling Just a short time ago ...

121

77 FR 73621 - Baby Matters, LLC; Complaint  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...counsel, as follows: Baby Matters LLC, 531 Winston Way, Berwyn, PA 19312. Raymond G. Mullady, Jr., BLANK ROME LLP, Watergate, 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20037, Counsel for Baby Matters LLC. Mary B. Murphy, Complaint...

2012-12-11

122

Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... Program Support Center Get Involved Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby Home Grieving Families Surviving the ... Candle on For Families Who Have Experienced the Death of a Baby The numbers are staggering. Every ...

123

Can Pacifiers and Baby Bottles Ruin My Baby's Teeth?  

MedlinePLUS

... baby by dipping a pacifier in honey or sugar water. This will increase your child's risk of tooth ... Frequent sucking or sipping anything other than plain water from a bottle or cup may ... When sugars or other carbohydrates enter the mouth, they provide ...

124

"Babies Grow a Long Time": A Preschool Project about Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project related to babies undertaken by preschoolers in a university-affiliated child care center in the Midwest. Following a description of the class, the author discusses the three phases of the project. Photographs taken during the project are included throughout the article. The article concludes with the author's…

Harrison, Andromahi

2012-01-01

125

The Baby Boomers' Intergenerational Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three…

Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

2012-01-01

126

International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1995 International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show in Ontario, Canada has a site of the Web. The IPM is a non-profit organization of volunteers which annually organizes Canada's largest farm machinery show. The event is commercial and educational. Thousands of school children and educators attend and participate in organized educational activities.

1995-01-01

127

SQP algorithms in balancing rotating machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased running speeds and the requirement for rotating machinery to operate within specified levels of vibration mean that the control of machinery vibration is essential in today's industry. In this paper, the flexible rotor balancing problem based on the influence coefficient method and holospectrum technique is formulated as a minimax optimisation problem. This formulation can solve the minimax high-speed rotating

Xiufeng Wang

2007-01-01

128

LOW BACK PAIN IN PORT MACHINERY OPERATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of several types of low back pain (LBP) was investigated by a standardized questionnaire in a group of 219 port machinery operators exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) and postural load and in a control group of 85 maintenance workers employed at the same transport company. The group of port machinery operators included 85 straddle carrier drivers, 88 fork-lift

M. Bovenzi; I. Pinto; N. Stacchini

2002-01-01

129

Machinery dynamics activities in Canadian industries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results are presented from a survey of Canadian industries to determine their activities related to machinery dynamics. Responses were obtained from industries in the categories of electric utilities, consultants, petrochemicals, research laboratories, aircraft related, and machinery manufacturers. The permanent manpower allocated for tasks such as monitoring machinery vibration, balancing, fault diagnosis, or rotor dynamic analysis has increased significantly in the past five years. A list of individuals who can be contacted to exchange information is included. The use of various instruments is also documented. Small computers and microprocessor based instruments are widely used to record and process vibration data. A wide variety of standards and guides are used for allowable vibration severity and residual imbalance. Some data were obtained for typical normal, alarm, and shutdown vibration values for twenty categories of equipment. The median cost of setting up a vibration program was generally one percent of the total cost of plant and machinery. Fifteen research projects in machinery dynamics are tabulated.

Rogers, Robert J.; Kim, Paul Y.

1992-05-01

130

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section 111.103-3...Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have two controls to stop...

2011-10-01

131

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section 111.103-3...Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have two controls to stop...

2013-10-01

132

46 CFR 58.01-45 - Machinery space, ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space, ventilation. 58.01-45 Section 58.01-45 Shipping COAST...General Requirements § 58.01-45 Machinery space, ventilation. Each machinery space must be ventilated to...

2011-10-01

133

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces...Operating Requirements § 185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space,...

2011-10-01

134

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section 111.103-3...Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have two controls to stop...

2012-10-01

135

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35...Requirements § 58.01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital to the main propulsion system must be provided in...

2013-10-01

136

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35...Requirements § 58.01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital to the main propulsion system must be provided in...

2012-10-01

137

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35...Requirements § 58.01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital to the main propulsion system must be provided in...

2011-10-01

138

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35...Requirements § 58.01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital to the main propulsion system must be provided in...

2010-10-01

139

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces...Operating Requirements § 185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space,...

2010-10-01

140

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces...Operating Requirements § 185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space,...

2012-10-01

141

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces...Operating Requirements § 185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space,...

2013-10-01

142

["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].  

PubMed

Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD. PMID:16139550

Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C

2005-10-01

143

Baby universes in string theory  

SciTech Connect

We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2006-03-15

144

SQP algorithms in balancing rotating machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increased running speeds and the requirement for rotating machinery to operate within specified levels of vibration mean that the control of machinery vibration is essential in today's industry. In this paper, the flexible rotor balancing problem based on the influence coefficient method and holospectrum technique is formulated as a minimax optimisation problem. This formulation can solve the minimax high-speed rotating machinery's balancing problem under practical balancing constraints effectively while ensuring the balancing machinery runs up safely. Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) method is employed to solve the minimax balancing problem. An experimental and a real world balancing example are given to demonstrate the effect of this formulation. The performance of SQP is compared with that of other established approaches; some conclusions are derived.

Wang, Xiufeng

2007-04-01

145

Listening to the Baby: Evaluating a Baby Book Journal for New Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Browsing the parenting section of any bookstore reveals a wide variety ofcommercially available baby books. In spite of their popularity, the baby book format has rarely been used to develop materials that support the transition to parenting. This article describes the development of a baby book for this purpose, the phenomenological scholarship and research findings that shaped its design, and

Lee SmithBattle; Shawn Pohlman; Jennifer L. Broeder

2004-01-01

146

A preference for baby girls.  

PubMed

For the majority of women in Japan, a girl baby is preferable to a boy baby, according to recent findings of a fertility survey conducted by the Institute of Population Problems of the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW). The nationwide survey, carried out in July 1992, found that 75.7% of women would prefer to have a girl baby if they were to have only 1 child--a marked change from 10 years ago when only 48.5% of women said that they would prefer a girl child. Conducted every 5 years, the survey gained responses from 8844 married women under 50 years of age. In giving reasons for wanting a girl child, many women commented that a daughter is more likely to remain closer to parents than a son. The findings of the survey reflect the changes that have taken place in Japanese society in recent years including the emergence of the nuclear family, later marriage, fewer children, and population aging. The survey also found that only 15.2% of marriages currently follow the practice of omiai (arranged marriages), a sharp decrease from 23.6% of 5 years ago. Meanwhile, couples are waiting longer after their first encounter before getting married. According to the survey, couples married during the 1987-1992 period waited an average of 2.97 years after their first encounter, a sharp contrast from the average waiting period of 1.97 years for couples married between 1972-1977. The survey also found that while the total fertility rate has fallen in Japan to 1.50 in 1992 from 1.75 in 1980, fertility for married couples has remained virtually unchanged since 1972 at 2.21. PMID:12318522

1993-11-01

147

ADJUSTMENT, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF CROP HARVESTING MACHINERY. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE OF A SERIES DESIGNED FOR HELPING TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY-LEVEL STUDENTS FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS, THIS GUIDE AIMS TO DEVELOP STUDENT COMPETENCY IN ADJUSTING, REPAIRING, AND MAINTAINING CROP HARVESTING MACHINERY. SUGGESTIONS FOR INTRODUCTION OF THE…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

148

Nutritional Quality of Commercial Fruit Baby Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial fruit baby food is a preserved fruit product usually made with fruit purees, sugar, water and variable additives (thickening agents, antioxidants, etc.). As the foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, baby foods for infants and young children conforms to a set of strict guidelines e.g. maximum levels for pesticide residues, microbiological contamination, addition of additives, labelling, etc. However, being

H. ?ížko Vá; R. Še; A. RAJCHl; M. Vold?

149

Baby Doll: The Success of Scandal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby Doll hit America's cinemas with a resounding bang in 1956, and while not the financial and critical success that A Streetcar Named Desire had been some six years before, the film proved without a doubt to be the most sensational of Hollywood's adaptations of Tennessee Williams's works. In fact, Baby Doll is quite likely the most sensational (we should

Barton Palmer

150

Baby Foods: Formulations and Interactions (A Review)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage some reactions and interactions occur which change physicochemical and nutritional

Ali Nasirpour; Joël Scher; Stéphane Desobry

2006-01-01

151

Having a Baby After Cancer: Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

... a woman receives has a number of potential effects on a pregnancy. Some cancer treatments can increase a woman’s risk ... Fear of Recurrence Having a Baby After Cancer: Pregnancy Having a Baby After ... Side Effects of Cancer Treatment Dealing With Cancer Recurrence Making ...

152

Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

2011-01-01

153

Young mothers and babies wellness program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young Mothers and Babies Wellness Program is a comprehensive mental health and sobriety treatment plan for pregnant and parenting young women emancipating from probation department or child welfare services and their infants. The Program provides interventions to establish safe, nurturing and responsive relationships between mothers and babies. This article includes rationale for treating this high risk population and its focus

Susan M. Love; Ana M. Suarez; Marianne E. Love

2008-01-01

154

Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... 16/2014 A Key Piece of the Puzzle: Vaccinations Release Date: 6/9/2014 The Immunization Baby Book Release Date: 6/9/2014 Babies ... Fighting Flu Release Date: 3/8/2011 VSI: Vaccination Scene Investigation Release Date: 12/20/2010 Hablemos ...

155

Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

Baird, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

156

7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Dacus ciliatus, Dacus frontalis, Dacus lounsburyii, Dacus punctatifrons, Dacus vertebratus, Diaphania indica, Helicoverpa armigera, and Spodoptera littoralis. (a) Approved greenhouses. The baby squash and baby courgettes must...

2010-01-01

157

The Machinery of Mitochondrial Inheritance and Behavior  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The distribution of mitochondria to daughter cells during cell division is an essential feature of cell proliferation. Until recently, it was commonly believed that inheritance of mitochondria and other organelles was a passive process, a consequence of their random diffusion throughout the cytoplasm. A growing recognition of the reticular morphology of mitochondria in many living cells, the association of mitochondria with the cytoskeleton, and the coordinated movements of mitochondria during cellular division and differentiation has illuminated the necessity for a cellular machinery that mediates mitochondrial behavior. Characterization of the underlying molecular components of this machinery is providing insight into mechanisms regulating mitochondrial morphology and distribution.

Michael Yaffe (University of California;Department of Biology)

1999-03-05

158

Magnetism and stray currents in rotating machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case for elimination of stray currents and magnetism in turbomachinery is being recognized as an issue to be dealt with in industries that design and operate rotating machinery. Of main concern are bearings, seals, gears, couplings, etc. Resulting problems extend from surface damage to unit crashes. It is important to recognize the symptoms, to heed the warnings, and to

P. I. Nippes

1996-01-01

159

Noise Control in Tubular Wire Stranding Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is an investigation of noise control options in tubular wire stranding operations. A primary target noise level of 90 dBA, and a secondary target noise level of 85 dBA are identified, based on government regulations, current Worker's Compensation trends, and labor union activities. An examination of rope mills and the sound fields around stranding machinery demonstrates that several

James Frederick Yerges

1980-01-01

160

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--POWER. TEACHERS COPY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO PROVIDE A STUDY GUIDE FOR STUDENTS PREPARING FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY OCCUPATIONS IN A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM. THE MATERIAL WAS DESIGNED BY SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALISTS ON THE BASIS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS, TRIED IN OPERATIONAL PROGRAMS, AND REFINED BY A TEACHER.…

HILL, DURWIN; VENABLE, BENNY MAC

161

The Protein Import Machinery of Mitochondria*  

E-print Network

The Protein Import Machinery of Mitochondria* Published, JBC Papers in Press, February 18, 2004 proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and then synthesized as precursors on cytosolic ribosomes after which (translocases) for recognition, translocation, and membrane insertion of pre- cursor proteins. In recent years

Economou, Tassos

162

UNSTEADY FLOW SIMULATION IN HYDRAULIC MACHINERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the field of hydraulic machinery Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is routinely used today in research and development as well as in the daily design phase. Today in industry mostly steady state simulations are applied. In this paper, however, an overview over un- steady simulations are shown for different applications. The presented examples contain problems with self excited unsteadiness, vortex

Albert Ruprecht

163

Neural activation to babyfaced men matches activation to babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral data supports the commonsense view that babies elicit different responses than adults do. Behavioral research also has supported the babyface overgeneralization hypothesis that the adaptive value of responding appropriately to babies produces a tendency for these responses to be overgeneralized to adults whose facial structure resembles babies. Here we show a neural substrate for responses to babies and babyface

Leslie A. Zebrowitz; Victor X. Luevano; Philip M. Bronstad; Itzhak Aharon

2009-01-01

164

Discussion on design of baby changing station in public place  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the widely using of baby changing station in the public place, its usability is considered greatly important. It is necessary to give convenience in the behavior of nursing for both baby and adult. Through analyzing baby's psychological characteristics in the adult's nursing behavior, the main features of using baby changing station are researched and analyzed. At last some key

Lufang Zhang; Jiansong Luo; Ming Wu

2009-01-01

165

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...related equipment including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and centralized electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration,...

2012-10-01

166

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...related equipment including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and centralized electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration,...

2010-10-01

167

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...related equipment including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and centralized electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration,...

2014-10-01

168

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...related equipment including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and centralized electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration,...

2013-10-01

169

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...related equipment including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and centralized electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration,...

2011-10-01

170

A Randomized Comparative Trial on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Topical Aloe vera and Calendula officinalis on Diaper Dermatitis in Children  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Diaper dermatitis (DD) is a common inflammatory disorder among children and infants. The objective of the present randomized and double-blind trial was to compare the therapeutic efficacies of Aloe vera cream and Calendula officinalis ointment on the frequency and severity of DD in children. Methods. Sixty-six infants with DD (aged < 3 years) were randomized to receive either Aloe cream (n = 32) or Calendula ointment (n = 34). Infants were treated with these drugs 3 times a day for 10 days. The severity of dermatitis was graded at baseline as well as at the end of trial using a 5-point scale. The adverse effects of study medications were assessed during the trial. Results. Although improvement in the severity of DD was observed in both treatment groups (P < 0.001), patients receiving Calendula ointment had significantly fewer rash sites compared to Aloe group (P = 0.001). No adverse effect was reported from either of the medications. Discussion. The evidence from this study suggests that topical Aloe and in particular Calendula could serve as safe and effective treatment for the treatment of diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:22606064

Panahi, Yunes; Sharif, Mohamad Reza; Sharif, Alireza; Beiraghdar, Fatemeh; Zahiri, Zahra; Amirchoopani, Golnoush; Marzony, Eisa Tahmasbpour; Sahebkar, Amirhossein

2012-01-01

171

46 CFR 169.625 - Compartments containing diesel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...625 Compartments containing diesel machinery. (a) Spaces containing machinery must be fitted with adequate dripproof ventilators, trunks, louvers, etc., to provide sufficient air for proper operation of the propulsion and auxiliary...

2012-10-01

172

46 CFR 169.625 - Compartments containing diesel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...625 Compartments containing diesel machinery. (a) Spaces containing machinery must be fitted with adequate dripproof ventilators, trunks, louvers, etc., to provide sufficient air for proper operation of the propulsion and auxiliary...

2011-10-01

173

46 CFR 169.625 - Compartments containing diesel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...625 Compartments containing diesel machinery. (a) Spaces containing machinery must be fitted with adequate dripproof ventilators, trunks, louvers, etc., to provide sufficient air for proper operation of the propulsion and auxiliary...

2013-10-01

174

46 CFR 169.625 - Compartments containing diesel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...625 Compartments containing diesel machinery. (a) Spaces containing machinery must be fitted with adequate dripproof ventilators, trunks, louvers, etc., to provide sufficient air for proper operation of the propulsion and auxiliary...

2014-10-01

175

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2011-10-01

176

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

177

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

178

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2010-10-01

179

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2010-10-01

180

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2012-10-01

181

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2012-10-01

182

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2013-10-01

183

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2012-10-01

184

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2013-10-01

185

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

186

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2011-10-01

187

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2010-10-01

188

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2013-10-01

189

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2011-10-01

190

46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

46 Shipping 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery guards. 58.01-20 Section 58.01-20 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY...

2011-10-01

191

44. Looking south towards Sullivan Machinery Company complex from the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

44. Looking south towards Sullivan Machinery Company complex from the north side of the Sugar River. The footbridge was built in 1920. - Sullivan Machinery Company, Main Street between Pearl & Water Streets, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

192

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section...SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced...control that is outside of the space containing the pump or...

2014-10-01

193

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section...SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced...control that is outside of the space containing the pump or...

2011-10-01

194

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section...SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced...control that is outside of the space containing the pump or...

2012-10-01

195

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section...SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced...control that is outside of the space containing the pump or...

2013-10-01

196

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section...SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced...control that is outside of the space containing the pump or...

2010-10-01

197

55. Reduction drive gears in south machinery room (interior of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

55. Reduction drive gears in south machinery room (interior of both machinery rooms is identical). Facing west. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

198

Mom's Weight Might Influence Baby's Earliest Development  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Mom's Weight Might Influence Baby's Earliest Development Overweight at conception ... Friday, November 14, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Body Weight Obesity Preconception Care FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay ...

199

Conservative care of the newborn baby  

PubMed Central

A method of managing ill and premature babies with little disturbance is described. The results of such care during 1969-76 compare favourably with those achieved by more intensive and active intervention. PMID:420523

Hughes-Davies, T. H.

1979-01-01

200

Your Baby's Development: The Second Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... can't see anything until the third trimester. Fingerprints and footprints are well established by the middle ... appear on the hands first, then the feet. Fingerprints improve the baby's grip. Fine hair and a ...

201

Mineral profile of Spanish commercial baby food.  

PubMed

Commercial baby foods are an important part of the daily intake of babies from 6 to 12months. The mineral profile of commercial baby foods in Spain was determined to establish levels of essential and non-essential elements, and their contribution to adequate intake (AI) and estimated average requirement (EAR). Thirty-five jars of commercial foods containing meat, fish, vegetables and fruit were obtained from the Spanish market and the mineral composition determined for 14 elements. In general, the baby foods analysed were sufficient for an adequate mineral intake, but contributions to AI and EAR for iron, zinc and calcium were very low (5-20%, 10-60% and 10-70%, respectively). This deficiency could be associated with growth problems or diseases in adulthood, and fortification of commercial products is recommended. PMID:25442549

Mir-Marqués, Alba; González-Masó, Anna; Cervera, M Luisa; de la Guardia, Miguel

2015-04-01

202

Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... It's Only Natural Planning ahead Overcoming challenges Overcoming breastfeeding challenges Dealing with lack of family support Is my baby getting enough milk? Breastfeeding in one word Common questions about breastfeeding and ...

203

Protect Yourself and Your Baby from Dengue  

MedlinePLUS

Avoid mosquito bites during pregnancy to prevent dengue in your newborn baby • Dengue is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes • A pregnant woman infected with dengue virus may ...

204

Disposable baby wipes: efficacy and skin mildness.  

PubMed

The results of a series of four clinical studies demonstrated that disposable baby wipes were milder to the skin than use of a cotton washcloth and water, recognized as a "gold standard" for skin mildness. Importantly, the baby wipes caused no significant change from the baseline value in any of the skin parameters examined. This observation verified that the test wipes are minimally disruptive to the epidermal barrier and thus suitable for use on intact or compromised, irritated skin. PMID:11917305

Odio, M; Streicher-Scott, J; Hansen, R C

2001-04-01

205

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020 is part of a research project at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. The project examines how women born between 1946 and 1964 (i.e., the Baby Boom) see paid work after the age of 65 and the ways in which public policy will affect this aging sector of the female workforce. The site offers information on its ongoing studies as well as a varied collection of links.

206

Medicolegal Issues of Battered Baby Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Battered baby (child) syndrome has been recognized for nearly half a century and is defined as repeated non-accidental trauma\\u000a of various ages. In medicolegal death investigations, it is often avoided, due to its alleged controversy, or more accurately,\\u000a due to the challenges it presents in court. In this chapter, we discuss some of the medicolegal issues of a battered baby

Erin H. Kimmerle; Leszek Chrostowski

207

School of Agricultural Sciences School of Engineering  

E-print Network

-purpose Restroom / Diaper change table Gymnasium of Affiliated Schools, 1st Floor Multi-purpose Restroom / Baby / Diaper change table Museum, 1st Floor Multi-purpose restroom / Baby Chair Female restroom / Diaper change table IB Electronic Information Building, 1st Floor Multi-purpose restroom / Baby chair / Diaper

Takahashi, Ryo

208

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section...Inspections § 109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer...charge, before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall...

2010-10-01

209

Usage of Tractors and Field Machinery in Agriculture in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heavy inputs of tractors and field machinery to promote mechanization in the Sultanate of Oman started in the mid-1970s. The provision of tractors and associated machinery has been reviewed, the current state of power and machinery usage has been determined and the future needs of tractors have been assessed. Results obtained showed that between 1976 and 2002 the Government of

D. B. Ampratwum; A. S. S. Dorvlo; L. U. Opara

210

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section...Inspections § 109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer...charge, before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall...

2013-10-01

211

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section...Inspections § 109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer...charge, before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall...

2012-10-01

212

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section...Inspections § 109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer...charge, before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall...

2011-10-01

213

The Mechanotransduction Machinery of Hair Cells  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mechanotransduction, the conversion of mechanical force into an electrochemical signal, allows living organisms to detect touch, hear, register movement and gravity, and sense changes in cell volume and shape. Hair cells in the vertebrate inner ear are mechanoreceptor cells specialized for the detection of sound and head movement. Each hair cell contains, at the apical surface, rows of stereocilia that are connected by extracellular filaments to form an exquisitely organized bundle. Mechanotransduction channels, localized near the tips of the stereocilia, are gated by the gating spring, an elastic element that is stretched upon stereocilia deflection and mediates rapid channel opening. Components of the mechanotransduction machinery in hair cells have been identified and several are encoded by genes linked to deafness in humans, which indicates that defects in the mechanotransduction machinery are the underlying cause of some forms of hearing impairment.

Nicolas Grillet (La Jolla; Scripps Research Institute REV)

2009-08-25

214

Machinery vibration: Origins, impressions and cures  

SciTech Connect

The current trend toward high performance (speed, power, flow, etc.) and low eight are causing new machinery dynamics problems. Vibration diagnostics engineering of rotor-bearing-casing systems must consider both internal and external influences to effectively predict and diagnose these problems. It is assumed that machinery vibration data are free from ambiguity, error, conform to a standard and clearly identify the physical cause(s) responsible for vibration. Rotor vibration due to internal forces are described: unbalance force characteristics; response characteristics; and rules of rotor fundamental response. Rotor vibration due to external forces include: rotating aerodynamic stall; oil whirl; oil whip; structural resonance; vane/blade passing vibration; misalignment; rotor rubbing; gear mesh vibrations; and shaft crack. These are also discussed.

Haq, I. (Bechtel Petroleum Operations, Inc., Tupman, CA (United States))

1995-01-01

215

Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of "baby signing" in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. Baby signing fits neatly into the parenting ideologies prevalent in the professional class in the United States that value early…

Pizer, Ginger; Walters, Keith; Meier, Richard P.

2007-01-01

216

Low Back Pain in Port Machinery Operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of several types of low back pain (LBP) was investigated by a standardized questionnaire in a group of 219 port machinery operators exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) and postural load and in a control group of 85 maintenance workers employed at the same transport company. The group of port machinery operators included 85 straddle carrier drivers, 88 fork-lift truck drivers, and 46 crane operators. The vector sum of the frequency-weighted r.m.s. acceleration of vibration measured on the seatpan of port vehicles and machines averaged 0·90 m/s2 for fork-lift trucks, 0·48 m/s2 for straddle carriers, 0·53 m/s2 for mobile cranes, and 0·22 m/s2 for overhead cranes. The 12-month prevalence of low back symptoms (LBP, sciatic pain, treated LBP, sick leave due to LBP) was significantly greater in the fork-lift truck drivers than in the controls and the other two groups of port machinery operators. After adjusting for potential confounders, the prevalence of low back symptoms was found to increase with the increase of WBV exposure expressed as duration of exposure (driving years), equivalent vibration magnitude (m/s2), or cumulative vibration exposure (yr m2/s4). An excess risk for lumbar disc herniation was observed in the port machinery operators with prolonged driving experience. In both the controls and the port machinery operators, low back complaints were strongly associated with perceived postural load assessed in terms of frequency and/or duration of awkward postures at work. Multivariate analysis showed that vibration exposure and postural load were independent predictors of LBP. Even though the cross-sectional design of the present study does not permit firm conclusions on the relationship between WBV exposure and low back disorders, the findings of this investigation provide additional epidemiological evidence that seated WBV exposure combined with non-neutral trunk postures, as while driving, is associated with an increased risk of long-term adverse health effects on the lower back.

BOVENZI, M.; PINTO, I.; STACCHINI, N.

2002-05-01

217

Six children with allergic contact dermatitis to methylisothiazolinone in wet wipes (baby wipes).  

PubMed

Methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) is a combination preservative used in personal care and household products and is a common cause of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Recently, MI alone, without MCI, has been increasingly used in consumer products in attempts to minimize allergic reactions. Wet wipes are extensively tested and traditionally believed to be innocuous. MI in wet wipes ("baby wipes") has not been previously reported to cause ACD in children in the United States. Only 1 previous report of ACD in a child in Belgium has been recently reported. We report 6 children with chronic, perianal/buttock, and facial eczematous dermatitis, refractory to multiple topical and oral antibiotics and corticosteroids. All tested positive to MCI/MI on patch testing. None wore diapers. All patients had been using wet wipes containing MI (without MCI) to affected areas. Discontinuation of wipes resulted in rapid and complete resolution. This is the first report of pediatric ACD to MI in wet wipes in the United States, and the largest series to date. ACD to MI in wet wipes is frequently misdiagnosed as eczema, impetigo, or psoriasis. Wet wipes are increasingly marketed in personal care products for all ages, and MI exposure and sensitization will likely increase. Dermatitis of the perianal, buttock, facial, and hand areas with a history of wet wipe use should raise suspicion of ACD to MI and prompt appropriate patch testing. Rapid resolution occurs after the allergen exposure is eliminated. All isothiozolinones should be avoided in personal care and household products for these patients. PMID:24420805

Chang, Mary Wu; Nakrani, Radhika

2014-02-01

218

Baby universes in higher dimensional theories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the third quantization of baby universes in theories with space-time dimension greater than two. The mechanism for the vanishing of the cosmological constant extends to these theories. Naively, having the low-energy space-time dimension as large as possible seems to be selected by the baby universe ground state. Suggestions are made on how this result may be avoided. Further arguments are given that complex topologies are also favored. I would like to thank Jonathan Halliwell, Vipul Periwal and Andy Strominger for useful conversations.

Myers, Robert C.

1989-08-01

219

Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry  

MedlinePLUS

... this? Submit Button CDC Features Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry Share Compartir Risk ... messages, and helpful resources. How do people get Salmonella infections from live baby poultry? Live poultry may ...

220

Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... can be prevented by vaccination. Who recommends that all babies get hepatitis B vaccination at birth? Medical ... B virus. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies. Hepatitis B Vaccine Helps Protect Your ...

221

Affordable luxury resort residences for the Baby Boomers  

E-print Network

The purpose of this thesis is to determine the business viability of Oasis Destination Club, the first destination club designed entirely for the upper middle income baby boomer. The baby boomer generation is the largest ...

Boyer, Mark Valdez

2005-01-01

222

Certain Genes in Babies May Up Preterm Birth Risk  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Certain Genes in Babies May Up Preterm Birth Risk Mother's genes don't appear linked to ... babies' genes may increase their risk of preterm birth, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed the number ...

223

Local Geometrical Machinery for Complexity and Control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this Chapter, we present local geometrical machinery for studying complexity and control, consisting of dynamics on Kähler manifolds, which combine three geometrical structures-Riemannian, symplectic and complex (Hermitian)-in a mutually compatible way. In other words, every Kähler manifold is simultaneously Riemannian, symplectic and complex (Hermitian). It is well known that Riemannian manifolds represent the stage on which Lagrangian dynamics is set, symplectic manifolds represent the stage for Hamiltonian dynamics, and complex (Hermitian) varieties comprise the stage for quantum dynamics. Therefore, Kähler manifolds represent the richest dynamical stage available where Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and quantum dynamics all dance together.

Ivancevic, Vladimir G.; Reid, Darryn J.

2015-11-01

224

Secretion machinery at the cell plasma membrane  

PubMed Central

Summary Secretion is a fundamental cellular process involving the regulated release of intracellular products from cells. Physiological functions such as neurotransmission, or the release of hormones and digestive enzymes, are all governed by cell secretion. Three critical activities occur at the cell plasma membrane to ensure secretion. Membrane-bound secretory vesicles dock, fuse, and expel their contents to the outside via specialized and permanent plasma membrane structures, called porosomes or fusion pores. In recent years, significant progress has been made in our understanding of these three key cellular activities required for cell secretion. The molecular machinery and mechanism involving them is summarized in this article. PMID:17764925

Jena, Bhanu P.

2007-01-01

225

Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

226

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The

M. Laffoy; P. Fitzpatrick; M. Jordan; D. Dowdall

1995-01-01

227

Cognitive Development Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because  

E-print Network

fitting babies as young as 3 months old with Velcro "sticky mittens" designed by Amy NeedhamCognitive Development in Infants Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because. In particular, Woodward probes how babies view other people. Human beings constantly infer other people's mental

Hill, Wendell T.

228

Nonactin hinders intracellular glycosylation in virus-infected baby hamster kidney cells.  

PubMed

Potent antiviral agents hinder virus-infected cell machinery, leading to rescue from viral damage. In this study, we aimed to identify selective intracellular glycosylation inhibitor(s) that do not suppress glycoprotein synthesis. Our results showed that nonactin is a potent inhibitor of intracellular glycosylation. First, we examined the effects of nonactin on syncytium formation and cytopathic activity in virus-infected baby hamster kidney cells. Nonactin effectively inhibited syncytium formation in a concentration-dependent manner, and infectious virus production was markedly reduced. However, glycoprotein synthesis was not affected. In the presence of 5 µg/ml nonactin, we observed the intracellular accumulation of vesicular stomatitis virus-G protein as well as syncytium formation, but no significant effects on Newcastle disease virus-hemagglutinin-neuramidase glycoprotein synthesis. Our results collectively indicate that nonactin potentially inhibits glycosylation by acting as a suppressor of intracellular glycosylation trafficking. PMID:21472209

Lee, Jin-Man; Kim, Jong-Guk; Kim, Tae-Ho; Lee, Do S; Kim, Jae H; Cho, Somi K; Riu, Key Z; Lee, Dong-Sun; Lee, Sang-Han

2010-01-01

229

Healthy Birth Practice #6: Keep Mother and Baby Together- It's Best for Mother, Baby, and Breastfeeding.  

PubMed

Mothers and babies have a physiologic need to be together at the moment of birth and during the hours and days that follow. Keeping mothers and babies together is a safe and healthy birth practice. Evidence supports immediate, uninterrupted skin-to-skin care after vaginal birth and during and after cesarean surgery for all stable mothers and babies, regardless of feeding preference. Unlimited opportunities for skin-to-skin care and breastfeeding promote optimal maternal and child outcomes. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the "Lamaze International Care Practices That Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #6: No Separation of Mother and Baby, With Unlimited Opportunities for Breastfeeding," published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411542

Crenshaw, Jeannette T

2014-01-01

230

Talk With Baby: A Guide for Parents.  

E-print Network

TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take...

Anonymous

1984-01-01

231

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

232

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

. Sleep surface matters. Babies who sleep on a soft surface, such as an adult bed, or under a soft covering, such as a soft blanket or quilt, are more likely to die of SIDS or suffocation. Always place your-related causes of infant death. Firm sleep surfaces can include safety-approved* cribs, bassinets, and portable

Rau, Don C.

233

Back to School for Retired Baby Boomers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the nation, schools increasingly are tapping into a vast resource pool--retired educators. The potential effects of the retirement boom--baby boomers reaching retirement age--have been well documented. An April 2009 "New York Times" article estimates that by 2013, more than one-third of the nation's 3.2 million teachers could retire. One…

Bumgardner, Stan

2009-01-01

234

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

-related causes of infant death? There is no sure way to prevent SIDS, but parents and caregivers can takeSafe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Rau, Don C.

235

Learning from Babies: Vital Lessons for Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the positive outcomes from the Philadelphia-based Educating Children for Parenting (ECP) program, founded in 1978, which aims to take advantage of children's fascination with babies and their easily triggered emotional investment in learning how to care for them. The program brings a parent and infant into the classroom…

Puriefoy-Brinkley, Jacquelynn; Bardige, Betty

2004-01-01

236

Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers. Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the article, "Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers", Moltz highlights how community colleges are currently implementing programs, such as the American Association of Community Colleges' Plus 50 Completion strategy, to encourage older learners to return to America's college campuses. The effects of the recent recession and the educational desires…

Fishman, Seth

2011-01-01

237

The Temperamental Characteristics of Chinese Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the usefulness of Carey's Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire in the Chinese culture and used the questionnaire to assess the temperamental characteristics of Chinese babies. While the general pattern of results resembled data from Carey's American sample, differences were found, which could be interpreted in terms of response…

Hsu, Chen-chin; And Others

1981-01-01

238

Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features

D N Gleadhill; W J Robson; R E Cudmore; R R Turnock

1987-01-01

239

Reconsideration of methods and standards: Digestion of diaper wipes and use of matrix-matched calibration standards for dust lead analysis  

SciTech Connect

Diaper wipes are widely used for sampling residential dust for lead analysis. A thicker type of diaper wipe was incompletely digested and had low recoveries of lead on stock solution spikes using existing protocols. A modified protocol was applied to various quality control samples prepared with thicker diaper wipes in 134 batches of field samples. Modifications included a larger reagent volume, more concentrated acid, 3 h on the hot plate, and squeezing wipe residues during filtration. Seventeen batches were reanalyzed using matrix-matched standards. Acceptable lead recoveries were obtained for stock solution spikes (88%) and spikes prepared with leaded dust-SRM 2582 (88%), SRM 2589 (96%), and CRMO 14-050 (99%). Matrix-matched calibration standards increased mean lead recoveries by an additional 8%. Their protocol may provide a basis for a standard operational procedure for wipe digestion and analysis. Differences in estimates of dust lead loadings attributable to the type of wipe and to sample preparation and calibration procedures have implications for risk assessment, clearance testing, and comparability of laboratory data. Reconsideration of current protocols for wipe materials, wipe digestion, and judging laboratory performance is warranted.

Orlova, A.O.; Losh, L.N.; Bannon, D.I.; Lees, P.S.J.; Chisolm, J.J. Jr.; Farfel, M.R.

1999-12-15

240

Accessorizing the human mitochondrial transcription machinery  

PubMed Central

The human genome comprises large chromosomes in the nucleus and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) housed in the dynamic mitochondrial network. Human cells contain up to thousands of copies of the double-stranded, circular mtDNA molecule that encodes essential subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation complexes and the rRNAs and tRNAs needed to translate these in the organelle matrix. Transcription of human mtDNA is directed by a single-subunit RNA polymerase, POLRMT, which requires two primary transcription factors, TFB2M and TFAM, to achieve basal regulation of the system. Here we review recent advances in understanding the structure and function of the primary human transcription machinery and the other factors that facilitate steps in transcription beyond initiation and provide more intricate control over the system. PMID:23632312

Bestwick, Megan L.; Shadel, Gerald S.

2013-01-01

241

Consider synthetic lubricants for process machinery  

SciTech Connect

Judicious application of properly formulated synthetic lubricants can benefit a wide spectrum of process machinery. This informed usage is very likely to drive down overall maintenance and downtime expenditures and can markedly improve plant efficiency. The paper describes the origin of synthetic lubricants, then explains the principal features and attributes of the six base fluids: synthetic hydrocarbon fluids; organic esters; polyglycols; phosphate esters; silicones; and blends of the synthetic lubricants. The paper discusses the properties and advantages and gives brief highlights of successful case histories of the use of synthetic lubricants. These include: circulating oil system for furnace air preheaters; Right angle gear drives for fin fan coolers; plant-wide oil mist systems; and pulverizing mills in coal-fired generating plant. In the last case, an economic analysis is done to point out the savings possible in lubricant consumption cost, reduced maintenance cost, lubricant disposal cost, and reduction in power consumption.

Bloch, H.P. (Bloch, (Heinz P.), Montgomery, TX (United States)); Pate, A.R. Jr. (Summit Industrial Products, Tyler, TX (United States))

1995-01-01

242

Multiple Cylinder Free-Piston Stirling Machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to improve the specific power of piston-cylinder type machinery, there is a point in capacity or power where an advantage accrues with increasing number of piston-cylinder assemblies. In the case of Stirling machinery where primary energy is transferred across the casing wall of the machine, this consideration is even more important. This is due primarily to the difference in scaling of basic power and the required heat transfer. Heat transfer is found to be progressively limited as the size of the machine increases. Multiple cylinder machines tend to preserve the surface area to volume ratio at more favorable levels. In addition, the spring effect of the working gas in the so-called alpha configuration is often sufficient to provide a high frequency resonance point that improves the specific power. There are a number of possible multiple cylinder configurations. The simplest is an opposed pair of piston-displacer machines (beta configuration). A three-cylinder machine requires stepped pistons to obtain proper volume phase relationships. Four to six cylinder configurations are also possible. A small demonstrator inline four cylinder alpha machine has been built to demonstrate both cooling operation and power generation. Data from this machine verifies theoretical expectations and is used to extrapolate the performance of future machines. Vibration levels are discussed and it is argued that some multiple cylinder machines have no linear component to the casing vibration but may have a nutating couple. Example applications are discussed ranging from general purpose coolers, computer cooling, exhaust heat power extraction and some high power engines.

Berchowitz, David M.; Kwon, Yong-Rak

243

4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ALONG SOUTH SIDE OF WESTERN PORTION OF BUILDING, FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE TO MACHINERY ROOM, LOOKING WEST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

244

The adoption of new technology in the American machinery industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rees J., Briggs R. and Oakey R. (1984) The adoption of new technology in the American machinery industry, Reg. Studies18, 489–504. This study examines the spread of a number of key production technologies among machinery manufacturers across the United States. Based on a mail and interview survey of over 600 industrial plants across the country, it was found that adoption

John Rees; Ronald Briggs; Raymond Oakey

1984-01-01

245

Machinery Management. FMO: Fundamentals of Machine Operation. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is intended to provide a basic understanding of selecting, maintaining, and managing farm machinery. The following topics are covered in the individual chapters: dealing with typical problems in farm machinery management; measuring machine capacity; improving field efficiency; matching machine size and capacity; estimating power…

Bowers, Wendell

246

Kansei engineering research on the design of construction machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kansei engineering was used to research the relationship between design elements and Kansei sensibility values in the design of earth moving machinery. The research led to several findings concerning construction machinery design that take into account the effect of such human sensibilities as the motivation to operate or acquire, or factors of psychological comfort such as familiarity, attractiveness and comfort.

Kuniaki Nakada

1997-01-01

247

Post-stressed concrete foundation may reduce machinery vibration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Post-stressing concrete mat foundation reduces excessive vibrations in machinery. The mat is stressed in compression after the machinery is mounted, thus closing any cracks in it, altering the distribution of the soil subgrade reaction on the mat, and changing the mat-subgrade natural frequency.

Fistedis, S. H.

1967-01-01

248

Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981

2010-01-01

249

Superconducting properties of BaBi3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the superconducting properties of single crystals of the intermetallic compound BaBi3, whose crystal structure is perovskite related. The superconducting transition temperature ({{T}_{c}}=5.82 K) was obtained from heat capacity measurements. Using the measured values for the critical fields {{H}_{c1}},{{H}_{c2}}, and the specific heat C, we estimate the thermodynamic critical field H c (0), coherence length ?(0), Debye temperature {{\\Theta }_{D}} and coupling constant ?ep. \\Delta C/\\gamma {{T}_{c}} and ?ep suggest that BaBi3 is a weakly coupled superconductor. Electronic band structure calculations show a complex Fermi surface and a moderately high DOS at the Fermi level. Further analysis of the electronic specific heat shows that the superconducting properties are dominated by s-wave gap.

Haldolaarachchige, Neel; Kushwaha, S. K.; Gibson, Quinn; Cava, R. J.

2014-10-01

250

Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?  

PubMed Central

A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21765737

Bronfin, Daniel R.

2001-01-01

251

Protect Your Baby and Yourself from Listeriosis  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Your Baby and Yourself from Listeriosis Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

252

Community Colleges Offer Baby Boomers an Encore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2005 MetLife Foundation/Civic Ventures New Face of Work Survey found that many baby boomers are eager to make career changes that can launch a new chapter in their working lives while they make social contribution. The survey found that 50 percent of Americans age 50 to 70 want jobs that contribute to the greater good. It found that more than 53…

Emeagwali, N. Susan

2007-01-01

253

Pregnancy anxieties and natural recognition in baby-switching.  

PubMed

Recent media reports in the USA of baby-switching at birth have caused anxiety for a number of maternity patients. Although alternative precautionary procedures are being implemented by hospitals to prevent baby-switching, ways to allay the maternity patient's anxiety must also be considered. While maternity patients can be expected to recognize their neonates, it is less clear how well they perform recognition under specified conditions. An American team of researchers noted postpartum mothers' anxiety levels and their natural cues to recognize crying sounds and garment smells of their babies as preventive measures against baby-switching. An experimental study design was used to conduct this research. Participants completed a demographic form and Levin's pregnancy anxiety instrument, followed by three recognition challenges for hearing and smelling cues. Ten per cent of mothers reported anxiety about baby-switching, 65.9% recognized their babies from recorded crying, and 52.3% recognized their babies by smell. Mothers do have the natural ability to recognize the cries or smells of their babies, even when anxious about baby-switching. Educating new mothers, acknowledging their natural ability for baby recognition, and promoting the use of private rooms with same-room (couplet) care can serve as extra safeguards. PMID:12048488

DiPasquale Davis, J; Moran, M K; Horger, E O; Dajani, A N

254

Decision support for green supply chain operations by integrating dynamic simulation and LCA indicators: diaper case study.  

PubMed

As the issue of environmental sustainability is becoming an important business factor, companies are now looking for decision support tools to assess the fuller picture of the environmental impacts associated with their manufacturing operations and supply chain (SC) activities. Lifecycle assessment (LCA) is widely used to measure the environmental consequences assignable to a product. However, it is usually limited to a high-level snapshot of the environmental implications over the product value chain without consideration of the dynamics arising from the multitiered structure and the interactions along the SC. This paper proposes a framework for green supply chain management by integrating a SC dynamic simulation and LCA indicators to evaluate both the economic and environmental impacts of various SC decisions such as inventories, distribution network configuration, and ordering policy. The advantages of this framework are demonstrated through an industrially motivated case study involving diaper production. Three distinct scenarios are evaluated to highlight how the proposed approach enables integrated decision support for green SC design and operation. PMID:22029393

Adhitya, Arief; Halim, Iskandar; Srinivasan, Rajagopalan

2011-12-01

255

Health Behaviors Among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among “Baby Boomer” caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state’s non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and 12,941 non-caregivers. Logistic regression models were estimated separately for four individual health-risk behaviors—smoking, sedentary behavior, and regular soda and fast-food consumption—as well as a global health-risk measure. Results: Controlling for psychological distress and personal characteristics and social resources such as age, gender, income and education, work and marital status, and neighborhood safety, caregivers had greater odds than non-caregivers of overall negative health behavior and of smoking and regular soda and fast-food consumption. We did not observe significant differences in odds of negative behavior related to stress for spousal caregivers and caregivers in the role for longer periods of time or those providing more hours of weekly care compared with other caregivers. Implications: Our study found evidence that Baby Boomer caregivers engage in poor health behaviors that are associated with exposure to caregiving. Baby Boomer caregivers may be at risk for certain behavioral factors that are associated with disability and chronic illness. PMID:22391873

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

256

46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32.56-40 Section 32...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. Structural insulation within category A machinery spaces...

2014-10-01

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46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32.56-40 Section 32...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. Structural insulation within category A machinery spaces...

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46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32.56-40 Section 32...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. Structural insulation within category A machinery spaces...

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46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32.56-40 Section 32...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. Structural insulation within category A machinery spaces...

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46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32.56-40 Section 32...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. Structural insulation within category A machinery spaces...

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46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. 167.15-25 Section...15-25 Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. Except as otherwise...regarding the construction of hulls, boilers and machinery in effect on the...

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46 CFR 189.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 189.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2010-10-01

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46 CFR 71.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 71.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2010-10-01

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46 CFR 91.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 91.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2010-10-01

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46 CFR 189.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 189.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2014-10-01

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46 CFR 91.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 91.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2011-10-01

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46 CFR 91.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 91.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2013-10-01

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46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. 167.15-25 Section...15-25 Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. Except as otherwise...regarding the construction of hulls, boilers and machinery in effect on the...

2012-10-01

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46 CFR 71.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 71.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

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46 CFR 91.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 91.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2012-10-01

271

46 CFR 189.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 189.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2011-10-01

272

46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. 167.15-25 Section...15-25 Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. Except as otherwise...regarding the construction of hulls, boilers and machinery in effect on the...

2013-10-01

273

46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. 167.15-25 Section...15-25 Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. Except as otherwise...regarding the construction of hulls, boilers and machinery in effect on the...

2011-10-01

274

46 CFR 71.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 71.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2014-10-01

275

46 CFR 91.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 91.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2014-10-01

276

46 CFR 167.15-25 - Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. 167.15-25 Section...15-25 Inspection standards for hulls, boilers and machinery. Except as otherwise...regarding the construction of hulls, boilers and machinery in effect on the...

2014-10-01

277

46 CFR 189.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 189.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2012-10-01

278

46 CFR 189.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 189.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2013-10-01

279

46 CFR 71.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 71.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2011-10-01

280

46 CFR 71.15-1 - Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. 71.15-1 Section...15-1 Standards in inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery. In the inspection of hulls, boilers, and machinery of vessels, the...

2012-10-01

281

Baby-led weaning: transitioning to solid foods at the baby's own pace.  

PubMed

Baby-led weaning is an approach to the introduction of solid foods that is being followed by increasing numbers of parents, but what is it, and should health visitors be encouraging it? This paper aims to refresh practitioners' background knowledge of complementary feeding and to outline the key features of baby-led weaning, as well as to explore the evidence that supports this approach as a logical adjunct to the move to six months for the introduction of solid foods. The more common concerns of parents and professionals, such as choking and iron intake, are addressed. Tips for implementing baby-led weaning are included and some of the potential benefits identified. PMID:21739856

Rapley, Gill

2011-06-01

282

Global Design Optimization for Fluid Machinery Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent experiences in utilizing the global optimization methodology, based on polynomial and neural network techniques for fluid machinery design are summarized. Global optimization methods can utilize the information collected from various sources and by different tools. These methods offer multi-criterion optimization, handle the existence of multiple design points and trade-offs via insight into the entire design space can easily perform tasks in parallel, and are often effective in filtering the noise intrinsic to numerical and experimental data. Another advantage is that these methods do not need to calculate the sensitivity of each design variable locally. However, a successful application of the global optimization method needs to address issues related to data requirements with an increase in the number of design variables and methods for predicting the model performance. Examples of applications selected from rocket propulsion components including a supersonic turbine and an injector element and a turbulent flow diffuser are used to illustrate the usefulness of the global optimization method.

Shyy, Wei; Papila, Nilay; Tucker, Kevin; Vaidyanathan, Raj; Griffin, Lisa

2000-01-01

283

Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

V P Bhatia; G P Katiyar; K N Agarwal; T K Das; P K Dey

1980-01-01

284

Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson

1989-01-01

285

Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women  

E-print Network

Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema (``Kindchen- schema'') as a set of infantile physical features, regardless of kinship. caregiving functional MRI social cognition infant accumbens Ethologist Konrad Lorenz

Carrington, Emily

286

26. DETAIL OF HEADGATE HOIST MACHINERY, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. DETAIL OF HEADGATE HOIST MACHINERY, TWIN FALLS MAIN CANAL. - Milner Dam & Main Canal: Twin Falls Canal Company, On Snake River, 11 miles West of city of Burley, Idaho, Twin Falls, Twin Falls County, ID

287

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...109.205 Section 109.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS Tests, Drills, and Inspections § 109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery....

2014-10-01

288

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...103-3 Section 111.103-3 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space...

2010-10-01

289

5. INTERIOR VIEW, SHOWING TEST MACHINERY IN FOREGROUND AND CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR VIEW, SHOWING TEST MACHINERY IN FOREGROUND AND CONTROL ROOM IN BACKGROUND. - Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Area B, Building 20, Propeller Laboratory, Northwest corner of Seventh & E Streets, Dayton, Montgomery County, OH

290

46 CFR 42.15-35 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...equivalent covers, permanently attached in their proper positions. (b) Coamings of any fiddley, funnel, or machinery space ventilators in an exposed position on the freeboard or superstructure deck shall be as high above the deck as is reasonable and...

2010-10-01

291

46 CFR 42.15-35 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...equivalent covers, permanently attached in their proper positions. (b) Coamings of any fiddley, funnel, or machinery space ventilators in an exposed position on the freeboard or superstructure deck shall be as high above the deck as is reasonable and...

2013-10-01

292

46 CFR 42.15-35 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...equivalent covers, permanently attached in their proper positions. (b) Coamings of any fiddley, funnel, or machinery space ventilators in an exposed position on the freeboard or superstructure deck shall be as high above the deck as is reasonable and...

2011-10-01

293

46 CFR 42.15-35 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...equivalent covers, permanently attached in their proper positions. (b) Coamings of any fiddley, funnel, or machinery space ventilators in an exposed position on the freeboard or superstructure deck shall be as high above the deck as is reasonable and...

2012-10-01

294

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the wheel in motion. (5) Excluded machinery. Natural sandstone wheels and metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs, having...1910.6. This requirement shall not apply to natural sandstone wheels or metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs,...

2012-07-01

295

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the wheel in motion. (5) Excluded machinery. Natural sandstone wheels and metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs, having...1910.6. This requirement shall not apply to natural sandstone wheels or metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs,...

2013-07-01

296

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...the wheel in motion. (5) Excluded machinery. Natural sandstone wheels and metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs, having...1910.6. This requirement shall not apply to natural sandstone wheels or metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs,...

2014-07-01

297

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the wheel in motion. (5) Excluded machinery. Natural sandstone wheels and metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs, having...1910.6. This requirement shall not apply to natural sandstone wheels or metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs,...

2010-07-01

298

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the wheel in motion. (5) Excluded machinery. Natural sandstone wheels and metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs, having...1910.6. This requirement shall not apply to natural sandstone wheels or metal, wooden, cloth, or paper discs,...

2011-07-01

299

46 CFR 169.625 - Compartments containing diesel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...stresses induced by weight and engine vibration and to minimize transfer of...machinery arrangement including air intakes, exhaust stack, method...of spark arresting mufflers and capacity of ventilation blowers must be submitted to the...

2010-10-01

300

Machinery sharing by agribusiness firms: methodology, application, and simulation  

E-print Network

is conducted by considering farm locations in diverse geographic 5 locations. Various combinations of farms located in Texas, Colorado, and Montana are simulated. The two-farm simulation model is used to evaluate machinery sharing as a method...

Wolfley, Jared Lynn

2009-05-15

301

51. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR VIEW TO SOUTHEAST: Winding machinery to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

51. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR VIEW TO SOUTHEAST: Winding machinery to right, and belt-driven machine tools to left. Museum mezzanine in upper portion of photo. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

302

14. Overview of bay without sluice gate machinery to northeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Overview of bay without sluice gate machinery to northeast - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 1, In Mississippi River at Mississippi Boulevard, below Ford Parkway Bridge, Saint Paul, Ramsey County, MN

303

46. Interior detail of barge crane engine house with machinery. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. Interior detail of barge crane engine house with machinery. Lambert Hoisting Engine Company Winder Powered by A Gray Marine Diesel. - Barbour Boat Works, Tryon Palace Drive, New Bern, Craven County, NC

304

7. Detail, machinery shed atop east portal of Tunnel 28, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Detail, machinery shed atop east portal of Tunnel 28, showing shaft and pulley system, 210mm lens with electronic flash fill. - Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad, Tunnel No. 28, Milepost 134.75, Applegate, Placer County, CA

305

Navigation of Construction and Agriculture Machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last two decades terrestrial and global 3D measurement sensors in the field of engineering geodesy have seen a significant upturn. With modern measurement techniques, a 3D trajectory of a moving object can be determined within a few centimetres (mostly with Global Navigation Satellite Systems, GNSS), under certain circumstances and with an overall understanding of the applied method accuracies of within 5 to 10 millimetres can be achieved (tracking total station). New application areas have been now created in the fields of construction, mining and agriculture. The guidance or control of heavy machinery demands a navigation sensor with an appropriate measurement rate and accuracy, as well as stable and reliable performance. The 3D position, together with the orientation as well as the long and cross inclination information is hereby just one part of the absolute machine guidance or control unit. Data collection, verification, management and interaction of the position information with the 6 degrees of freedom, together and the machine controller, are needed for the overall system. Rotation ring sensors for height control or height guidance are well-known amongst construction jobs and have been in use for more than 20 years. The first GPS-based guidance system for yield mapping was used 15 years ago (Auernhammer 1995). Optimization and improvements in efficiency are the principal reasons for the current developments in the area of 3D-based machine control and guidance. This paper will describe the state-of-the-art and general approaches as well as the real-time 3D measurement techniques in construction and agriculture environment.

Stempfhuber, Werner

2008-09-01

306

Baby Learning Through Baby Play, A Parent's Guide for the First Two Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The games described in this book for parents are designed to do several things. First, they will help the baby develop basic skills such as focusing the eyes, coordinating the eye and hand, and distinguishing differences among almost identical objects. Second, once he has these basic skills, he needs to become aware of how the skills can be useful…

Gordon, Ira J.

307

Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to

Guadalupe Ortega; Cristina Castellà; Carlos Martín-Cantera; Jose L Ballvé; Estela Díaz; Marc Saez; Juan Lozano; Lourdes Rofes; Concepció Morera; Antònia Barceló; Carmen Cabezas; Jose A Pascual; Raúl Pérez-Ortuño; Esteve Saltó; Araceli Valverde; Mireia Jané

2010-01-01

308

Inspecting Baby Skyrmions with Effective Metrics  

E-print Network

In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks and Hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globaly hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

Gary Gibbons; Erico Goulart

2014-03-21

309

Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.

2014-05-01

310

Precision optical angular position marker system for rotating machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An optical system is described which generates one or more markers of the angular shaft position of rotating machinery. The system consists of a light source, an optical cable, a machinery mounted lens assembly, a light detector, and a signal conditioner. Light reflected by targets on the rotor is converted to a digital output signal. The system is highly immune to extreme environments of vibration and temperature and achieved a 0.002 percent precision under operational test conditions.

Barranger, J. P.

1983-01-01

311

Nucleolar Assembly of the Rrna Processing Machinery in Living Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand how nuclear machineries are targeted to accurate locations during nuclear assembly, we investigated the pathway of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing machinery towards ribosomal genes (nucleolar organizer regions (NORs)) at exit of mitosis. To follow in living cells two permanently transfected green fluorescence protein-tagged nucleolar proteins, fibrillarin and Nop52, from metaphase to G1, 4-D time- lapse microscopy was

Tulia Maria Savino; J. Gebrane-Younes; Jan De Mey; Jean-Baptiste Sibarita; Danièle Hernandez-Verdun

2001-01-01

312

Nuclear import of the influenza A virus transcriptional machinery.  

PubMed

Unusually for an RNA virus, influenza A viruses transcribe and replicate their genomes in the nuclei of infected cells. As a result the viral ribonucleoprotein complexes (RNPs), and their newly synthesised protein subunits, must interact with the host nuclear import machinery. In this review we discuss how the virus exploits nuclear import pathways to allow regulated and chaperoned assembly of RNPs in the nucleus, and describe how the import machinery itself can be a determinant of host tropism. PMID:22652398

Hutchinson, E C; Fodor, E

2012-12-01

313

8. MACHINERY SHED STORAGE ROOM ADDITION DETAIL SHOWING MATRIX OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. MACHINERY SHED STORAGE ROOM ADDITION DETAIL SHOWING MATRIX OF NAILS USED TO ADHERE PORTLAND CEMENT PLASTER, SOUTH ADOBE WALL ADJACENT TO WINDOW Note: Photographs Nos. AZ-159-A-9 through AZ-159-A-10 are photocopies of photographs. The original prints and negatives are located in the SCS Tucson Plant Materials Center, Tucson, Arizona. Photographer Ted F. Spaller. - Tucson Plant Material Center, Machinery Shed, 3241 North Romero Road, Tucson, Pima County, AZ

314

77 FR 37000 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...articles known as baby-bouncers and walker- jumpers. The collection of information...called ``baby-bouncers'' and ``walker-jumpers.'' A. Requirements for...

2012-06-20

315

Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... f InteliHealth Medical Content 2011-08-14 Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby If you decide to have the baby, you should take care of yourself and your growing baby. There's a ...

316

Motivations of Baby Boomer Doctoral Learners: A Grounded Theory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop a substantive theory of the motivations of Baby Boomer doctoral learners, using the grounded theory approach. These Baby Boomers possess a wealth of wisdom. Their experiences, coupled with educational credentials, could take their leadership abilities to the next level. The grounded theory method developed by…

Williams, Julia J.

2009-01-01

317

Talking with Your Baby: Family as the First School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that children s first words are exciting for parents to hear, this book describes how babies can "talk" before they learn to say actual words and shows ways parents can help babies learn language. The book addresses a neglected area in child development--how to help low literacy parents and parents for whom English is a Second Language…

Honig, Alice Sterling; Brophy, Holly Elisabeth

318

If I Had - A Baby with a Lung Complication  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Tufts University School of Medicine. Dr. Davis' research interests involve development of novel therapeutic approaches to prevent neonatal lung damage, brain injury and invasive infections. If I had a baby with a lung complication... One of the things about which we are most concerned when babies ...

319

Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2011-01-01

320

Baby Boom Equals Career Bust. Monographs on Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting the Baby Boom (1946-1965) as both a potential social problem and opportunity for American leadership, this monograph discusses the following aspects of this population concern: (1) its immediate and long-term impact on career opportunities for those college graduates who make up the baby boom generation; (2) its impact on those whose…

Moore, Charles Guy

321

Hazards of baby walkers in a European context  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS:

E. Petridou; E. Simou; C. Skondras; G. Pistevos; P. Lagos; G. Papoutsakis

1996-01-01

322

Infants & Toddlers "What's Going On? How to Hold Squriming Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Simple strategies, caregivers can learn to effectively communicate with infants through touch. This article offers suggestions and techniques for calming squirming babies of all types and ages who seem to be unable to find a comfortable position while being held. She begins by suggesting that care givers of very small babies be patient and…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2005-01-01

323

46 CFR 32.35-1 - Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL. 32.35-1 Section...Main and Auxiliary Machinery § 32.35-1 Boilers and machinery—TB/ALL. Boilers, main and auxiliary machinery, and piping...

2010-10-01

324

46 CFR 32.35-1 - Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL. 32.35-1 Section...Main and Auxiliary Machinery § 32.35-1 Boilers and machinery—TB/ALL. Boilers, main and auxiliary machinery, and piping...

2011-10-01

325

46 CFR 32.35-1 - Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL. 32.35-1 Section...Main and Auxiliary Machinery § 32.35-1 Boilers and machinery—TB/ALL. Boilers, main and auxiliary machinery, and piping...

2013-10-01

326

46 CFR 32.35-1 - Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL. 32.35-1 Section...Main and Auxiliary Machinery § 32.35-1 Boilers and machinery—TB/ALL. Boilers, main and auxiliary machinery, and piping...

2014-10-01

327

46 CFR 32.35-1 - Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Boilers and machinery-TB/ALL. 32.35-1 Section...Main and Auxiliary Machinery § 32.35-1 Boilers and machinery—TB/ALL. Boilers, main and auxiliary machinery, and piping...

2012-10-01

328

DEVELOPMENT OF THE FARM MACHINERY STATISTICAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BASED ON WEB  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The farm machinery statistics is an important task of the farm machinery management, the statistics of farm machinery in Jiangsu\\u000a Province are very wide. Improving the working of statistical analyses by advanced computer technology, enhancing the efficiency,\\u000a is a topic which the farm machinery superintendent and the scientific and technical worker explore continuously. The present\\u000a situation of the farm machinery

Xindan Qi; Hua Li; Wenqing Yin

2009-01-01

329

Your Baby Learns About Love From You Your baby learns about most things from  

E-print Network

, hug, or kiss is better than rewarding with a new toy. Your baby will know that she is loved'll refuse to sit down! I hold a toy in one hand while I pull myself up on my feet with the other hand. I may on your face and copy it. I'm learning from you! I try to bark and meow when I see a dog or a cat. I am

Johnson, Eric E.

330

Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure  

SciTech Connect

After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

2007-12-20

331

Structural analyses of the pre-mRNA splicing machinery  

PubMed Central

Pre-mRNA splicing is a critical event in the gene expression pathway of all eukaryotes. The splicing reaction is catalyzed by the spliceosome, a huge protein-RNA complex that contains five snRNAs and hundreds of different protein factors. Understanding the structure of this large molecular machinery is critical for understanding its function. Although the highly dynamic nature of the spliceosome, in both composition and conformation, posed daunting challenges to structural studies, there has been significant recent progress on structural analyses of the splicing machinery, using electron microscopy, crystallography, and nuclear magnetic resonance. This review discusses key recent findings in the structural analyses of the spliceosome and its components and how these findings advance our understanding of the function of the splicing machinery. PMID:23592432

Zhang, Lingdi; Li, Xueni; Zhao, Rui

2013-01-01

332

Integrated measure and control system for textile machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, textile mechanical drive control is researched. Textile machinery integrated measure and control system is established. The system is composed of micro-computer, PLC, transducer, implement device, all kinds of detective components and industrial Ethernet etc. Technology of industrial field bus control and Internet technique are applied. The system is on a background of textile production technique, such as spring, woven, chemical fiber, non-woven, dyeing and finishing. A network based open integrated control system is developed. Various characteristics of production technique flow and textile machinery movement discipline are presented. Configuration software is introduced according to user's control tasks. Final remote automatic controls are finished. This may make development cost reduced, and development periods shortened. Some problems in textile machinery development process are solved, which may make transparency factory and remote development realized.

Liu, Yuantao; Zhao, Jinzhi; Zhao, Zexiang

2010-12-01

333

39. REBUILT ENGINES AND WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of December 1906 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

39. REBUILT ENGINES AND WINDING MACHINERY: Photocopy of December 1906 photograph of the steam engines and winding machinery at the Washington and Mason Street powerhouse. View towards west. United Railroads of San Francisco rebuilt the damaged engines and winders shown in CA-12-60 and CA-12-61. There are no cables strung over the winders in this photograph, indicating that the firm had yet to resume service. Note the rough shed erected over the engines to protect them from weather while work continued on the reconstruction of the powerhouse. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

334

Estimating Vibrational Powers Of Parts In Fluid Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In new method of estimating vibrational power associated with component of fluid-machinery system, physics of flow through (or in vicinity of) component regarded as governing vibrations. Devised to generate scaling estimates for design of new parts of rocket engines (e.g., pumps, combustors, nozzles) but applicable to terrestrial pumps, turbines, and other machinery in which turbulent flows and vibrations caused by such flows are significant. Validity of method depends on assumption that fluid flows quasi-steadily and that flow gives rise to uncorrelated acoustic powers in different parts of pump.

Harvey, S. A.; Kwok, L. C.

1995-01-01

335

Head Trauma in Abused Babies, Toddlers Can Have Lifelong Impact  

MedlinePLUS

... Trauma in Abused Babies, Toddlers Can Have Lifelong Impact Shortened lifespan, disability often come in wake of ... found. Miller said he was surprised by the impact of even the minor cases, which included only ...

336

Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - Traditional (????) French (français) ... Characters not displaying correctly on this page? See language display issues . Return to the MedlinePlus Health Information ...

337

When Your Baby's in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)  

MedlinePLUS

... what all of the monitors, tubes, tests, and machines do, which will go a long way toward ... breathing rate. A pulse oximetry (or pulse ox) machine also may display your baby's blood oxygen levels ...

338

Using Blood Tests to Identify Babies and Criminals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn the genetics and immunobiology of the ABO blood type system, using simple chemicals and logical reasoning to solve a murder mystery and to determine whether two babies were switched in the hospital.

Doherty, Jennifer; Waldron, Ingrid

339

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) in Infants and Babies  

MedlinePLUS

newsletter | contact Share | Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) A parent's guide for infants and babies A A A This image displays grouped blisters within an inflamed area of skin typical of herpes simplex. Overview Herpes infections are caused by both ...

340

CPSC Cautions Caregivers about Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds  

MedlinePLUS

... Caregivers about Hidden Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is ... hidden hazards associated with placing infants on adult beds. Consumers often think that if an adult bed ...

341

Defective Hormone Linked to Chronic Obesity in Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Defective Hormone Linked to Chronic Obesity in Baby Researchers say the condition might explain ... Wednesday, December 31, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Hormones Obesity Obesity in Children WEDNESDAY, Dec. 31, 2014 (HealthDay ...

342

Your Body After Baby: The First 6 Weeks  

MedlinePLUS

... vegetables, whole-grain breads and pasta, and lean meat and chicken. Limit sweets and foods with a lot of fat. Ask your partner, family and friends for help with the baby and around the house. When ...

343

Plastics' Chemical May Affect Baby Boys' Genital Development  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Plastics' Chemical May Affect Baby Boys' Genital Development Link between ... 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to a common plastics' chemical during pregnancy may have effects on genital development ...

344

Preparing children for pregnancy and a new baby  

MedlinePLUS

... what you are comfortable talking about. Keep the conversation at their level and answer their questions. You ... them up very much. You are low in energy. Explain to them that having a baby is ...

345

Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?  

MedlinePLUS

... is best for your baby Get ready for labor Use a birth plan to make choices about childbirth. Take a ... to know ahead of time how you want labor and birth to be. What are Braxton-Hicks contractions? You ...

346

Mother and baby yoga is good for you.  

PubMed

Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve and stabilise their emotional health and to bond. Additionally the mother is able to focus on her relationship with her baby, rebuild the weakened pelvic floor, strengthen the abdominal muscles and even alleviate back and neck pain. For babies, yoga can aid digestion and alleviate colic; help to strengthen tiny limbs; improve sleep patterns; and enhance their ability to interact with their mother and other people. PMID:23789249

MacDonald, Cheryl

2013-05-01

347

CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON  

E-print Network

CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON WORDS, THOUGHTS AND THEORIES ABSTRACT are found wanting. Well designed machines would optimize; we are machines that can only satisfice, on a good

Spirtes, Peter

348

Identifying traits to improve postharvest processability in baby leaf salad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘processability’ of baby salad leaves may be defined as the ability to withstand the postharvest washing and packing processes that are involved in the production of ready-to-eat bagged salads. The inability of baby salad leaves (species including Lactuca sativa L. and Spinacia oleracea L.) to withstand processing results in a reduction in crop shelf-life. Leaves from geographically diverse locations

Graham J. J. Clarkson; Eleanor E. O'Byrne; Steve D. Rothwell; Gail Taylor

2003-01-01

349

Using Dynamic Simulation in the Development of Construction Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

As in the car industry for quite some time, dynamic simulation of complete vehicles is being practiced more and more in the development of off-road machinery. However, specific questions arise due not only to company structure and size, but especially to the type of product. Tightly coupled, non-linear subsystems of different domains make prediction and optimisation of the complete system's

Reno Filla; Jan-Ove Palmberg

2003-01-01

350

7. Interior view of unoccupied space; showing machinery, exterior windows ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Interior view of unoccupied space; showing machinery, exterior windows and double doors, enclosed hinged double doors; northeast corner of building; view to southwest - Ellsworth Air Force Base, Transmitter Standby Building, 200 yards east of County Road, Blackhawk, Meade County, SD

351

35. VIEW SOUTHEAST, WEST ABUTMENT OF OPERATING MACHINERY BASCULE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. VIEW SOUTHEAST, WEST ABUTMENT OF OPERATING MACHINERY - BASCULE LEAF RAISED - LARGE GEAR AT LEFT CENTER IS 'D' - REFER TO STRAUSS SHEETS #15 AND #18 FOR POWER TRAIN RELATIONSHIPS - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

352

30. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. BASCULE LEAF IN CLOSED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. BASCULE LEAF IN CLOSED POSITION - DRIVE GEAR 'D' IS AT CENTER OF PHOTOGRAPH. NOTE VERNACULAR WEIGHT SUSPENDED ON COUNTERWEIGHT AT TOP LEFT OF PHOTOGRAPH TO COMPENSATE FOR AN UNDERWEIGHT COUNTERWEIGHT - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

353

TRACTOR REPAIR. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DESIGNED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE ON THE BASIS OF RESEARCH FROM STATE STUDIES. THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP (1) AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

354

COURSE OUTLINE FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE OBJECTIVE OF THE 16-MODULE COURSE OUTLINED IN THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE FORMER FARMERS, HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS AND GRADUATES, AND UNEMPLOYED, AND EMPLOYED PERSONS FOR OCCUPATIONAL ENTRY AS AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SETUP MEN, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, MECHANICS, PARTS MEN, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DEVELOPED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE ON…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

355

Agricultural Machinery - Equipment. Agricultural Cooperative Training. Vocational Agricluture. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students enrolled in the Agricultural Cooperative Part-Time Training Program, this course of study contains 12 units on agricultural machinery mechanics. Units include (examples of unit topics in parentheses): introduction (agricultural mechanics as an occupation; safety--shop and equipment; use of holding devices, jacks, lifts, and…

Sandlin, David, Comp.; And Others

356

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Machinery Service Technician.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These Illinois skill standards for agriculture machinery service technician are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among…

Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

357

COMPUTING MACHINERY AND INTELLIGENCE BY A.M.TURING  

E-print Network

COMPUTING MACHINERY AND INTELLIGENCE BY A.M.TURING 1 The Imitation Game I PROPOSE to consider of the problem can be described' in terms of a game which we call the 'imitation game'. It is played with three and answers. Thus: Q: Please write me a sonnet on the subject of the Forth Bridge. A: Count me out on this one

Cockshott, W. Paul

358

Vibration-Based Damage Detection in Rotating Machinery  

SciTech Connect

Damage detection as determined from changes in the vibration characteristics of a system has been a popular research topic for the last thirty years. Numerous damage identification algorithms have been proposed for detecting and locating damage in structural and mechanical systems. To date, these damage-detection methods have shown mixed results. A particular application of vibration-based damage detection that has perhaps enjoyed the greatest success is that of damage detection in rotating machinery. This paper summarizes the state of technology in vibration-based damage detection applied to rotating machinery. The review interprets the damage detection process in terms of a statistical pattern recognition paradigm that encompasses all vibration-based damage detection methods and applications. The motivation for the study reported herein is to identify the reasons that vibration-based damage detection has been successfully applied to rotating machinery, but has yet to show robust applications to civil engineering infrastructure. The paper concludes by comparing and contrasting the vibration-based damage detection applied to rotating machinery with large civil engineering infrastructure applications.

Farrar, C.R.; Duffey, T.A.

1999-06-28

359

46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...permanently attached. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept open for the essential operations of the ship must— (1) In position 1, extend at least 12.5 ft...

2010-10-01

360

46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...permanently attached. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept open for the essential operations of the ship must— (1) In position 1, extend at least 12.5 ft...

2011-10-01

361

46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...permanently attached. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept open for the essential operations of the ship must— (1) In position 1, extend at least 12.5 ft...

2013-10-01

362

46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...permanently attached. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept open for the essential operations of the ship must— (1) In position 1, extend at least 12.5 ft...

2012-10-01

363

Web-based Interactive Simulator for Rotating Machinery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Baroma (Balance of Rotating Machinery), the Web-based educational engineering interactive software for teaching/learning combines didactical and software ergonomical approaches. The software in tutorial form simulates a problem using Visual Interactive Simulation in graphic display, and animation is brought about through graphical user interface…

Sirohi, Vijayalaxmi

1999-01-01

364

Interior of machinery house showing (L to R) firststage gearbox, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior of machinery house showing (L to R) first-stage gearbox, hoist drum, and second-stage bull gear. The electric motor, which has been removed, turned the gearbox flange. Lifting wire ropes have been cut and left slack. - Potomac Edison Company, Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Bridge, Spanning C & O Canal South of U.S. 11, Williamsport, Washington County, MD

365

Balancing of high-speed rotating machinery using convex optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vibration caused by rotor mass imbalance is a major source of maintenance problems in high-speed rotating machinery. To minimize the vibration by balancing under practical constraints and data uncertainty is a decision making problem. In this paper, the flexible rotor balancing problem based on the influence coefficient method is formulated as a convex optimization problem. This formulation not only

Guoxin Li; Zongli Lin; C. Untaroiu; P. E. Allaire

2003-01-01

366

Oblique view of southwest and southeast side of northwest machinery ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Oblique view of southwest and southeast side of northwest machinery house and hydro-electric power house, concrete pylon at upstream entrance to lock in foreground, view towards north - St. Lucie Canal, St. Lucie Lock No. 1, St. Lucie, Cross State Canal, Okeechobee Intracoastal Waterway, Stuart, Martin County, FL

367

Distant view from downstream of lock with southeast machinery house, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Distant view from downstream of lock with southeast machinery house, SF 109, and timber guide wall on left, exterior view of closed lower lock gates and hydro-electric power house and dam in background, view towards west - St. Lucie Canal, St. Lucie Lock No. 1, St. Lucie, Cross State Canal, Okeechobee Intracoastal Waterway, Stuart, Martin County, FL

368

[Risk factors for arterial hypertension among machinery construction workers].  

PubMed

The authors studied prevalence of arterial hypertension, its risk factors in workers of major machinery construction enterprise, who have prolonged contact with a complex of low-intensity occupational hazards. Findings are reliably higher prevalence of arterial hypertension among the workers vs. reference group, relative risk of arterial hypertension responding to exposed factor. PMID:16491856

Zakhar'eva, S V; Pasechnaia, N A

2006-01-01

369

Planning and production indicators facing seasonal agricultura machinery market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to compare the profile of the domestic market demand for agricultural machinery, and production indicators and planning of the mechanical industry. The data on sales, this market over the past eleven years, which showed the seasonal pattern characterized by a decline in demand from November and a recovery that begins in late February. The search about quantitative

E. E. Frey; P. H. Braz; M. E. Camargo; M. R. Cruz; A. Galelli; S. L. Russo; G. F. Silva

2012-01-01

370

26. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Layout of Hauling Machinery, Building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Layout of Hauling Machinery, Building 24, 1917. Photographic copy of original. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yark. BOSTS 13439, #551-15 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Marine Railway, Between Piers 2 & 3, on Charlestown Waterfront at west end of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

371

23. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Details of Hauling Machinery, 1917. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Historic drawing, Marine Railway. Details of Hauling Machinery, 1917. Photographic copy of original. Boston National Historical Park Archives, Charlestown Navy Yard. BOSTS 13439, #551-7 - Charlestown Navy Yard, Marine Railway, Between Piers 2 & 3, on Charlestown Waterfront at west end of Navy Yard, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

372

6. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; 38 HORSEPOWER ELECTRIC MOTOR IN RIGHT-CENTER, RACK AND PINION GEAR TO THE LEFT - Chicago River Bascule Bridge, West Cortland Street, Spanning North Branch of Chicago River at West Cortland Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

373

7. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; 38 HORSEPOWER ELECTRIC MOTOR IN LEFT-CENTER, RACK AND PINION GEAR TO THE RIGHT - Chicago River Bascule Bridge, West Cortland Street, Spanning North Branch of Chicago River at West Cortland Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

374

Low power magnetic bearing design for high speed rotating machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic suspension technology has advanced to the point of being able to offer a number of advantages to a variety of applications in the rotating machinery and aerospace fields. One strong advantage is the decrease in power consumption. The design and construction of a set of permanent magnet biased, actively controlled magnetic bearing for a flexible rotor are presented. Both

P. E. Allaire; E. H. Maslen; R. R. Humphris; C. K. Sortore; P. A. Studer

1992-01-01

375

1. Straighton view looking S at sugar cane crushing machinery ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Straight-on view looking S at sugar cane crushing machinery showing three-roll cane mill, single reduction gear, flywheel and steam engine. - Hacienda Azucarera la Igualdad, Sugar Mill Ruins & Steam Engine, PR Route 332, Guanica, Guanica Municipio, PR

376

The Machinery of Management: Leadership (MM2). Workforce 2000 Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum package on leadership--the machinery of management for supervisors, auditors, and training instructors has been developed by the Workforce 2000 Partnership, a network of industries and educational institutions that provides training in communication, computation, and creative thinking to employees and supervisors in textile,…

Enterprise State Junior Coll., AL.

377

Urban poverty: delivering babies in the slum.  

PubMed

Government of India statistics indicate that about 3 million of New Delhi's 11 million people live in slums, while another 3 million people, most fleeing rural poverty, are expected to migrate to the capital by 2000. ASHA Community Health and Development Society is a nongovernmental organization currently working in 23 of India's slums, serving a population of about 150,000 people. The group has pioneered the use of community-based networks in New Delhi to improve health in the poorest communities. While ASHA has a small, full-time staff, most of the daily health care work is conducted by slum volunteers. Ekta Vihar is a slum community of 1800 residents. Community members' primary source of health care are Vimla Rana and Sobha, two illiterate women who reside in the community and are part of a team of community health workers trained by ASHA. Rana and Sobha deliver almost all of the babies born annually in the slum and care for community members when they become ill. PMID:12321870

Lloyd, M

1998-01-01

378

Color View 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 14 (June 8, 2008), the 14th Martian day after landing. It shows two trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm.

Soil from the right trench, informally called 'Baby Bear,' was delivered to Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA, on Sol 12 (June 6). The following several sols included repeated attempts to shake the screen over TEGA's oven number 4 to get fine soil particles through the screen and into the oven for analysis.

The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test.

Each of the trenches is about 9 centimeters (3 inches) wide. This view is presented in approximately true color by combining separate exposures taken through different filters of the Surface Stereo Imager.

The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

2008-01-01

379

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow  

E-print Network

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Perinatal Issues Yes No Was your baby born on time? ( ) ( ) Number of weeks pregnant on day of birth? ( ) ( ) Birth weight? Was it a vaginal delivery? ( ) ( ) Passed hearing screen? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor

Borenstein, Elhanan

380

ADJUSTMENT, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF TILLAGE, PLANTING, SPRAYING, AND FERTILIZING MACHINERY. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE IS TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY-LEVEL STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS. IT WAS DESIGNED BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE ON THE BASIS OF RESEARCH FROM STATE STUDIES. THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP (1) STUDENT UNDERSTANDING…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

381

Sonic interaction with a virtual orchestra of factory machinery Figure 1: The virtual orchestra of factory machinery.  

E-print Network

Sonic interaction with a virtual orchestra of factory machinery Figure 1: The virtual orchestra system with head tracking, shutter glasses and a 10.2 loudspeaker configuration. Keywords: Sound using a video projection system combining thirteen 3D HD Barco projectors. The tracking system

Boyer, Edmond

382

46 CFR 116.620 - Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. 116.620 Section 116.620 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...PASSENGERS CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMENT Ventilation § 116.620 Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank...

2010-10-01

383

46 CFR 28.840 - Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. 28...Vessels § 28.840 Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. All electrically driven fuel oil transfer pumps, fuel oil unit and service...

2010-10-01

384

49 CFR 393.130 - What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Securement of heavy vehicles, equipment or machinery with crawler tracks or wheels. (1) In addition to the requirements...paragraph (b) of this section, heavy equipment or machinery with crawler tracks or wheels must be restrained against movement in...

2010-10-01

385

49 CFR 393.130 - What are the rules for securing heavy vehicles, equipment and machinery?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Securement of heavy vehicles, equipment or machinery with crawler tracks or wheels. (1) In addition to the requirements...paragraph (b) of this section, heavy equipment or machinery with crawler tracks or wheels must be restrained against movement in...

2011-10-01

386

46 CFR 177.620 - Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. 177...GROSS TONS) CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMENT Ventilation § 177.620 Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. In...

2010-10-01

387

46 CFR 28.840 - Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. 28.840 Section...28.840 Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. All electrically...fuel oil unit and service pumps, and ventilation fans shall be fitted with remote...

2014-10-01

388

46 CFR 177.620 - Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. 177...GROSS TONS) CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMENT Ventilation § 177.620 Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. In...

2013-10-01

389

46 CFR 28.840 - Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. 28.840 Section...28.840 Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. All electrically...fuel oil unit and service pumps, and ventilation fans shall be fitted with remote...

2012-10-01

390

46 CFR 177.620 - Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. 177...GROSS TONS) CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMENT Ventilation § 177.620 Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. In...

2011-10-01

391

46 CFR 177.620 - Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. 177...GROSS TONS) CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMENT Ventilation § 177.620 Ventilation of machinery and fuel tank spaces. In...

2012-10-01

392

The Research of Computer Aided Farm Machinery Designing Method Based on Ergonomics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Along with agricultural economy development, the farm machinery product type Increases gradually, the ergonomics question is also getting more and more prominent. The widespread application of computer aided machinery design makes it possible that farm machinery design is intuitive, flexible and convenient. At present, because the developed computer aided ergonomics software has not suitable human body database, which is needed in view of farm machinery design in China, the farm machinery design have deviation in ergonomics analysis. This article puts forward that using the open database interface procedure in CATIA to establish human body database which aims at the farm machinery design, and reading the human body data to ergonomics module of CATIA can product practical application virtual body, using human posture analysis and human activity analysis module to analysis the ergonomics in farm machinery, thus computer aided farm machinery designing method based on engineering can be realized.

Gao, Xiyin; Li, Xinling; Song, Qiang; Zheng, Ying

393

46 CFR 28.840 - Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. 28.840 Section...28.840 Means for stopping pumps, ventilation, and machinery. All electrically...fuel oil unit and service pumps, and ventilation fans shall be fitted with remote...

2011-10-01

394

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Small Arms Ammunition PRECIOUS METALS & JEWELRY Costume Jewelry...Lapidary Work Jewelry, Precious Metal Musical Instruments Silverware...General Industrial Machinery Heavy Construction Equipment Rental...Power Transmission Equipment Metal Working Machinery...

2012-07-01

395

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Small Arms Ammunition PRECIOUS METALS & JEWELRY Costume Jewelry...Lapidary Work Jewelry, Precious Metal Musical Instruments Silverware...General Industrial Machinery Heavy Construction Equipment Rental...Power Transmission Equipment Metal Working Machinery...

2013-07-01

396

46 CFR 182.460 - Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline. (a) A space containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for,...

2011-10-01

397

46 CFR 182.460 - Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline. (a) A space containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for,...

2010-10-01

398

46 CFR 182.460 - Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline. (a) A space containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for,...

2014-10-01

399

46 CFR 182.460 - Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline. (a) A space containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for,...

2013-10-01

400

46 CFR 182.460 - Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline...Ventilation of spaces containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for, gasoline. (a) A space containing machinery powered by, or fuel tanks for,...

2012-10-01

401

Baby care product development: artificial urine in vitro assay is useful for cosmetic product assessment.  

PubMed

As a result of infants' inability to control urination, the skin of the diaper area has special needs for protection from irritating effects of urine and prevention of diaper dermatitis such as products for cleansing and protection of the skin. Several in vitro models are currently available to assess tolerance. In vitro testing using artificial urine allows the protective effects of diaper-region cosmetics to be ascertained. Thus, a new model defined as "artificial urine in vitro assay" has been added to our traditional pre-clinical in vitro testing program. IL1-? is a highly active and pleiotropic pro-inflammatory cytokine. It plays a key role in inflammation and is the biological mirror of irritation induced by diaper dermatitis. This study determines, on human skin explants, if a cosmetic formula is (1) tolerated equally as well in the presence of artificial urine as in its absence and (2) is able to decrease IL1-? production induced by artificial urine or Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate. 31 tests including 17 in-house formulas, 10 bench-markers and 4 combinations of products were performed and data obtained are represented on a simple four-point scale (from practically non protective to very protective). It allows determination of formula-type groups that will have predictable protective properties in subsequent clinical trials and comparison with competitors' products. It is a useful aid in the formulation stage and provides readily-useable data for the cosmetic risk assessment. PMID:23850986

Degouy, Arnaud; Gomez-Berrada, Marie-Pierre; Ferret, Pierre-Jacques

2014-02-01

402

46 CFR 196.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 196.15-15 Section...Inspections § 196.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. (a) It shall be...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to examine...

2010-10-01

403

46 CFR 78.17-30 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 78.17-30 Section...Inspections § 78.17-30 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2010-10-01

404

46 CFR 97.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 97.15-15 Section...Inspections § 97.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2010-10-01

405

46 CFR 167.65-60 - Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. 167.65-60...Requirements § 167.65-60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. It shall...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a nautical school...

2010-10-01

406

Balancing of high-speed machinery: Theory, methods and experimental results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rotating machinery accounts for the vast majority of modern technological hardware. While the dynamic behavior of such machinery has always been important, the current emphasis on higher efficiency has resulted in the design of machines which are increasingly susceptible to vibratory phenomena. In particular, reduction in weight, coupled with increased operating speeds, have substantially increased the flexibility of rotating machinery.

Mark S. Darlow

1987-01-01

407

46 CFR 196.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 196.15-15 Section...Inspections § 196.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. (a) It shall be...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to examine...

2012-10-01

408

46 CFR 167.65-60 - Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. 167.65-60...Requirements § 167.65-60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. It shall...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a nautical school...

2014-10-01

409

46 CFR 196.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 196.15-15 Section...Inspections § 196.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. (a) It shall be...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to examine...

2013-10-01

410

46 CFR 167.65-60 - Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. 167.65-60...Requirements § 167.65-60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. It shall...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a nautical school...

2011-10-01

411

46 CFR 78.17-30 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 78.17-30 Section...Inspections § 78.17-30 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2014-10-01

412

46 CFR 196.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 196.15-15 Section...Inspections § 196.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. (a) It shall be...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to examine...

2014-10-01

413

46 CFR 196.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 196.15-15 Section...Inspections § 196.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. (a) It shall be...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to examine...

2011-10-01

414

46 CFR 97.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 97.15-15 Section...Inspections § 97.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2012-10-01

415

46 CFR 97.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 97.15-15 Section...Inspections § 97.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2014-10-01

416

46 CFR 78.17-30 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 78.17-30 Section...Inspections § 78.17-30 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2011-10-01

417

46 CFR 97.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 97.15-15 Section...Inspections § 97.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2013-10-01

418

46 CFR 167.65-60 - Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. 167.65-60...Requirements § 167.65-60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. It shall...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a nautical school...

2013-10-01

419

46 CFR 97.15-15 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 97.15-15 Section...Inspections § 97.15-15 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2011-10-01

420

46 CFR 78.17-30 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 78.17-30 Section...Inspections § 78.17-30 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2013-10-01

421

46 CFR 167.65-60 - Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. 167.65-60...Requirements § 167.65-60 Examination of boilers and machinery by engineer. It shall...engineer when he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a nautical school...

2012-10-01

422

46 CFR 78.17-30 - Examination of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Examination of boilers and machinery. 78.17-30 Section...Inspections § 78.17-30 Examination of boilers and machinery. It shall be the duty...chief engineer when assuming charge of the boilers and machinery of a vessel to...

2012-10-01

423

? Carinae Baby Homunculus Uncovered by ALMA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report observations of ? Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42?, He42?, H40?, He40?, H50?, H28?, He28?, H21?, and He21? were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of ? Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shell coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by ? Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the "Baby Homunculus."

Abraham, Zulema; Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego; Beaklini, Pedro P. B.

2014-08-01

424

Community baby shower as a transcultural nursing intervention.  

PubMed

A community assessment was conducted by nursing students to determine the educational needs of Native American women whose infants were at risk for infant mortality. As a result, a culturally based community baby shower was provided for the women and their infants which incorporated health education. Games, prizes, and lunch were provided for the mothers upon completion of educational newborn care, immunizations, and infant safety learning activities. The intervention project based upon maintaining a Native American cultural theme was used with cake, favors, prizes, invitations, and advertisements. In addition, a recognized Native American spiritual leader was invited to begin the shower with a traditional blessing. Multiple community resources such as businesses, stores (including drug), churches, hospitals, a local nursing home, and several private individuals also contributed time, money, and baby care items for the shower. From the advertising, many women expressed interest in attending the baby shower than could be accommodated. Press releases provided exposure for the school of nursing, contributors, participants, and many members of the Native American community. A pre- and post-test survey indicated that by the end of the baby shower, all 10 key native American women participants were able to demonstrate the use of the information taught by the nursing students. The baby shower enhanced the Native American mothers' self confidence and provided them with culturally sensitive care. The welcoming atmosphere created by the students for the Native Americans was also important to the success of the project. PMID:7946136

Duffy, S A; Bonino, K; Gallup, L; Pontseele, R

1994-01-01

425

Fault Detection of Rotating Machinery using the Spectral Distribution Function  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The spectral distribution function is introduced to characterize the process leading to faults in rotating machinery. It is shown to be a more robust indicator than conventional power spectral density estimates, but requires only slightly more computational effort. The method is illustrated with examples from seeded gearbox transmission faults and an analytical model of a defective bearing. Procedures are suggested for implementation in realistic environments.

Davis, Sanford S.

1997-01-01

426

Case Analysis of Farm Agriculture Machinery Informatization Management Network System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the process of China’s agricultural modernization, especially agricultural machinery modernization, in terms of equipment,\\u000a we’ve chose the way that foreign imports (and domestic research) with the combination of self-developed, in the software,\\u000a it is difficult to fully apply this approach, the specific reasons are: the modernization of China’s agriculture development\\u000a model is diversified, it is difficult to find a

Hui Yang; Xi Wang; Weidong Zhuang

2009-01-01

427

The Reuse Study of Small Agricultural Machinery's Product Information Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that more than 90% of industrial design activity is based on variant design. How to use the product information\\u000a model of similar products and to improve design efficiency and the designer’s creativity is a subject that is worth studying.\\u000a This paper has set up the structure frame of small agricultural machinery product information model, and uses ontology

Xuejun Sun; Jiandong Jiang; Fang Xu; Libin Zhang

2006-01-01

428

Design Analysis Of Rotating Machinery Using Infrared Thermography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The analysis of vibratory and acoustical signals from rotating machinery has been used successfully for several decades to determine the adequacy of rotating machine design or operation. Certain vibration or acoustical signals are characteristic of machines encountering problems or near failure. Likewise the thermal signature from a rotating machine may have significant diagnostic value. Friction, damping and material deformations are typical sources of thermal energy easily detected by thermal measurements. Thermocouple thermography has been used to determine rotating machine temperatures. However, point measurements are difficult to obtain because of signal coupling problems with the rotating machine. In the past temperatures could only be obtained by stopping the machine and quickly taking temperature measurements hoping that the temperature information would not dissipate by transient affects. Infrared thermography has solved some of these problems by offering a noncontact thermal measurement along with a display of. temperature fields which facilitates the location of hot spots. Several examples of rotating machinery are reviewed such as couplings, power transmission belts, gears and rotors. The significance of the temperature distribution on the power transmission component is discussed. Infrared thermography appears to be a useful tool in diagnosing problems in rotating machinery.

Roberts, Charles C.

1983-03-01

429

Activation of Lymphocyte Cytolytic Machinery: Where are We?  

PubMed Central

Target cell recognition by cytotoxic lymphocytes implies the simultaneous engagement and clustering of adhesion and activating receptors followed by the activation of an array of signal transduction pathways. The cytotoxic immune synapse represents the highly specialized dynamic interface formed between the cytolytic effector and its target that allows temporal and spatial integration of signals responsible for a defined sequence of processes culminating with the polarized secretion of lytic granules. Over the last decades, much attention has been given to the molecular signals coupling receptor ligation to the activation of cytolytic machinery. Moreover, in the last 10?years the discovery of genetic defects affecting cytotoxic responses greatly boosted our knowledge on the molecular effectors involved in the regulation of discrete phases of cytotoxic process at post-receptor levels. More recently, the use of super resolution and total internal reflection fluorescence imaging technologies added new insights on the dynamic reorganization of receptor and signaling molecules at lytic synapse as well as on the relationship between granule dynamics and cytoskeleton remodeling. To date we have a solid knowledge of the molecular mechanisms governing granule movement and secretion, being not yet fully unraveled the machinery that couples early receptor signaling to the late stage of synapse remodeling and granule dynamics. Here we highlight recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms acting in the activation of cytolytic machinery, also discussing similarities and differences between Natural killer cells and cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. PMID:24312097

Galandrini, Ricciarda; Capuano, Cristina; Santoni, Angela

2013-01-01

430

Anthropometric survey for agricultural machinery design: an Indian case study.  

PubMed

In Indian agriculture, hand tools, animal-drawn equipment and tractor/power operated machinery are extensively used for various operations. These equipments are either operated or controlled by human workers. Use of anthropometric data can help in the proper design of equipment for better efficiency and more human comfort. Earlier anthropometric surveys carried out in the country were very few and inadequate for use in farm machinery design. Therefore, 52 body dimensions necessary for the design of these equipments were identified and a sample study was conducted on 39 farm workers. The collected anthropometric data were analysed to calculate mean, range, standard deviation and 5th, 50th and 95th percentile values. Through some examples, an effort is made here to illustrate the use of the data in the design of farm equipment. It has now been proposed that extensive surveys should be carried out in different regions of the country to generate the necessary data useful in farm machinery design. PMID:15676734

Gite, L P; Yadav, B G

1989-09-01

431

Characterization of the Late Endosomal ESCRT Machinery in Trypanosoma brucei  

PubMed Central

The multivesicular body (MVB) is a specialized Rab7+ late endosome (LE) containing multiple intralumenal vesicles that function in targeting ubiquitinylated cell surface proteins to the lysosome for degradation. African trypanosomes lack a morphologically well-defined MVB, but contain orthologues of the ESCRT machinery that mediates MVB formation. We investigate the role of TbVps23, an early ESCRT component, and TbVps4, the terminal ESCRT ATPase, in lysosomal trafficking in bloodstream form trypanosomes. Both localize to the TbRab7+ LE and RNAi silencing of each rapidly blocks growth. TbVps4 silencing results in ?3-fold accumulation of TbVps23 at the LE, consistent with blocking terminal ESCRT disassembly. Trafficking of endocytic and biosynthetic cargo, but not default lysosomal reporters, is also negatively affected. Others reported that TbVps23 mediates ubiquitin-dependent lysosomal degradation of invariant surface glycoproteins (ISG65) (Traffic 2008, 9:1698). In contrast, we find that TbVps23 ablation does not affect ISG65 turnover, while TbVps4 silencing markedly enhances lysosomal degradation. We propose several models to accommodate these results, including that the ESCRT machinery actually retrieves ISG65 from the LE to earlier endocytic compartments, and in its absence ISG65 traffics more efficiently to the lysosome. Overall, these results confirm that the ESCRT machinery is essential in T. brucei and plays important and novel role(s) in LE function in trypanosomes. PMID:23905922

Silverman, Jason S; Muratore, Katherine A; Bangs, James D

2013-01-01

432

Babies born dying: just bad karma? A discussion paper.  

PubMed

The paper examines the notion of being born dying and karma. Karma is a belief upheld by Buddhists and non-Buddhists: That is, karma follows people from their previous lives into their current lives. This raises a difficult question: Does karma mean that a baby's death is its own fault? While great peace can be found from a belief in karma, the notion of a baby's karma returning in some sort of retributive, universal justice can be de-emphasized and is considered "un-Buddhist." Having an understanding of karma is intrinsic to the spiritual care for the dying baby, not only from the perspective of parents and families who have these beliefs, but also for reconciling one's own beliefs as a healthcare practitioner. PMID:24096383

Kain, Victoria J

2014-12-01

433

Evidence-based well-baby care. Part 1: Overview of the next generation of the Rourke Baby Record.  

PubMed Central

PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED: Well baby and child care in the primary care setting has not always been based on evidence that has been shown to be effective in preventing and detecting disease and injury. OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAM: To help physicians and nurses provide care that is more effective than a routine complete examination, the Rourke Baby Record has been revised to include evidence-based recommendations for preventive care for infants and young children. The revision incorporates the approach and recommendations of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination. The updated record is now called the Rourke Baby Record: Evidence-Based Infant/Child Health Maintenance Guide (Rourke Baby Record: EB). MAIN COMPONENTS OF PROGRAM: Part 1 of this two-part article briefly describes the background for development and presents an overview of the revised record. Part 2 discusses in detail the evidence that exists for maneuvers included in the education and advice section of the revised record. CONCLUSION: Using the Rourke Baby Record: EB and incorporating it into their office record systems as a working guide will help increase the effectiveness of the primary preventive care physicians provide to infants and young children. PMID:9559196

Panagiotou, L.; Rourke, L. L.; Rourke, J. T.; Wakefield, J. G.; Winfield, D.

1998-01-01

434

Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

435

Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages. PMID:23181985

2012-01-01

436

Selecting the Perfect Baby The Ethics of "Embryo Design"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter Molly was born with a rare genetic disorder, Fanconi anemia. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby’s umbilical cord blood. Students learn about developmental disorders and consider the ethical issues of genetic manipulation and fertility treatments. Although the case was written for beginning developmental psychology students, the issues raised involving genetic manipulation, advances in medical technology, and scientific ethics would be relevant in many other science courses.

Julia Omarzu

2002-01-01

437

What Are the Chances My Baby Has CF? Understanding the Results  

MedlinePLUS

... your baby might have a health condition called cystic fibrosis (CF). Most babies who have a positive (abnormal) ... carriers of CF than to have the disease cystic fibrosis. In most states, fewer than three out of ...

438

77 FR 55812 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was published in the Federal...

2012-09-11

439

77 FR 46739 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was published in the Federal...

2012-08-06

440

Learn as Babies Learn: A Conceptual Model of Designing Optimum Learnability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A newborn baby’s first move is to look for the nipples. This is an instinct for a baby to live, build strength and interact\\u000a with the world. The interaction seems very similar to our users’ choosing a product for self-empowerment and productivity.\\u000a However, most users are not babies, neither the majority of man-made products embody perfect affordances. How could user

Douglas Xiaoyong Wang

2009-01-01

441

Mining machinery/equipment/parts/services. Oil and gas field equipment/machinery/parts/supplies (Brazil). Oil and gas field machinery, November 1990. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The Brazilian market for oil and gasfield machinery reached approximately $938 million in 1989, of which about $86 million were supplied by imports. The market may reach $2.6 billion by 1993, if indeed the Government of Brazil approves an annual investment plan of $3.5 billion, as proposed by PETROBRAS, the state owned and operated oil and gas production monopoly. According to reports by the Ministry of Economy, investments by PETROBRAS rose from .37% of GDP in 1989 to .41% in 1990. It is predicted that during the next five years its investments will average .56% of GDP. Currently, PETROBRAS imports only about 10% of its equipment needs, but this is expected to more than double by 1993 as a result of a recently adopted procurement policy which calls for purchasing the best available equipment worldwide, at the most favorable price.

Not Available

1990-11-01

442

Orchestrating Professional Development for Baby Room Practitioners: Raising the Stakes in New Dialogic Encounters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has emerged from a research and development project, The Baby Room, which was designed to examine how babies are cared for in daycare settings. Within the project, a form of professional development was created which designated a central space for dialogic encounter, primarily to enable the baby room practitioners who participated in…

Goouch, Kathleen; Powell, Sacha

2013-01-01

443

7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...

2013-01-01

444

7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...

2014-01-01

445

7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...

2012-01-01

446

Sample preparation methods in the analysis of pesticide residues in baby food with subsequent chromatographic determination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pesticides are widely utilized at various stages of cultivation and during postharvest storage to protect plants against a range of pests and\\/or to provide quality preservation. Reliable confirmatory methods are required to monitor pesticide residues in baby foods and to ensure the safety of baby food supply. This review covers methods in which pesticide residues have been determined in baby

Andrea Hercegová; Milena Dömötörová; Eva Matisová

2007-01-01

447

Migration of epoxidized soya bean oil from plasticized pvc gaskets into baby food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expoxidized soya bean oil (ESBO) is used as a plasticizer in PVC gaskets in lids for glass jars used for packaging of ready?cooked baby food. The migration of ESBO from the lids has been determined in 81 samples of different dishes of baby food, including purees of beef pork, fish, poultry, berries and vegetables. The level of ESBO in baby

Lilian Hammarling; Håkan Gustavsson; Kettil Svensson; Sigbritt Karlsson; Agneta Oskarsson

1998-01-01

448

The Loss of a Baby and the Birth of the Next Infant: The Mother's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the area of perinatal death by focusing on the mother's experience. An argument is made for questioning whether mothers attempt to replace a dead infant. It is suggested instead that they long to mother their lost baby and as a result their new infant is mothered in the shadow of the dead baby. The term "penumbra baby" is…

Reid, Marguerite

2007-01-01

449

Content and bioaccessibility of carotenoids from organic and non-organic baby foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although organic baby foods are assumed to be more nutritious than their conventional counterparts, research data in this area are limited and equivocal. The objectives of the present study were first, to determine the carotenoid content of organic and non-organic baby foods; and, second, to analyze the bioaccessibility of carotenoids from these products. The baby foods selected for analysis were

M. A. Jiwan; P. Duane; L. O'Sullivan; N. M. O’Brien; S. A. Aherne

2010-01-01

450

Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.

2007-01-01

451

TSI (teething ring sound instrument): a design of the sound instrument for the baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we will describe the TSI (Teething ring Sound Instrument), a new sound instrument given to babies, which consists of a teething ring, a knob, an I-CubeX Digitizer [1] and a computer which processes MIDI messages. The TSI is designed to bring music experience to baby with the movement of the babies reflex sucking motion. We provided the

Naoko Kubo; Kazuhiro Jo; Ken Matsunaga

2001-01-01

452

KINETICS OF THEOPHYLLINE IN APNEA OF PREMATURITY IN SMALL FOR GESTATIONAL AGE BABIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To study the pharmacokinetics of theophylline and its correlations to pharmacodynamic effects in apnea of prematurity in small for gestational age babies. Design: Prospective case control study. Setting: Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Subjects: Ten small for gestational age (SGA) babies and 10 gestation matched appropriate for gestational age (AGA) babies with recurrent apnea of prematurity. Methods: All

Mrinalkanti Chaudhuri; S. K. Garg; Anil Narang; O. N. Bhakoo

453

Baby walker safety - baby's minder or parent's problem? A qualitative analysis of clients' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding baby walker use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the range of knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents regarding baby walkers.Design A qualitative study using a focus group approach.Setting Three focus groups were held in community mother and toddler drop-in centres, and one in a hospital antenatal clinic.Methods Four focus groups were held over a two-month period in 2000. Parents from areas with differing levels of

Rhydian Hapgood; Amanda Woods; Jane Dyas; Elaine Bentley; Denise Kendrick

2003-01-01

454

Virus-Mediated Compartmentalization of the Host Translational Machinery  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Viruses require the host translational apparatus to synthesize viral proteins. Host stress response mechanisms that suppress translation, therefore, represent a significant obstacle that viruses must overcome. Here, we report a strategy whereby the mammalian orthoreoviruses compartmentalize the translational machinery within virus-induced inclusions known as viral factories (VF). VF are the sites of reovirus replication and assembly but were thought not to contain ribosomes. It was assumed viral mRNAs exited the VF to undergo translation by the cellular machinery, and proteins reentered the factory to participate in assembly. Here, we used ribopuromycylation to visualize active translation in infected cells. These studies revealed that active translation occurs within VF and that ribosomal subunits and proteins required for translation initiation, elongation, termination, and recycling localize to the factory. Interestingly, we observed components of the 43S preinitiation complex (PIC) concentrating primarily at factory margins, suggesting a spatial and/or dynamic organization of translation within the VF. Similarly, the viral single-stranded RNA binding protein ?NS localized to the factory margins and had a tubulovesicular staining pattern that extended a short distance from the margins of the factories and colocalized with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) markers. Consistent with these colocalization studies, ?NS was found to associate with both eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit A (eIF3A) and the ribosomal subunit pS6R. Together, these findings indicate that ?NS functions to recruit 43S PIC machinery to the primary site of viral translation within the viral factory. Pathogen-mediated compartmentalization of the translational apparatus provides a novel mechanism by which viruses might avoid host translational suppression. PMID:25227463

Desmet, Emily A.; Anguish, Lynne J.

2014-01-01

455

Characterization of the late endosomal ESCRT machinery in Trypanosoma brucei.  

PubMed

The multivesicular body (MVB) is a specialized Rab7+ late endosome (LE) containing multiple intralumenal vesicles that function in targeting ubiquitinylated cell surface proteins to the lysosome for degradation. African trypanosomes lack a morphologically well-defined MVB, but contain orthologs of the ESCRT (Endosomal Sorting Complex Required for Transport) machinery that mediates MVB formation. We investigate the role of TbVps23, an early ESCRT component, and TbVps4, the terminal ESCRT ATPase, in lysosomal trafficking in bloodstream form trypanosomes. Both localize to the TbRab7+ LE and RNAi silencing of each rapidly blocks growth. TbVps4 silencing results in approximately threefold accumulation of TbVps23 at the LE, consistent with blocking terminal ESCRT disassembly. Trafficking of endocytic and biosynthetic cargo, but not default lysosomal reporters, is also negatively affected. Others reported that TbVps23 mediates ubiquitin-dependent lysosomal degradation of invariant surface glycoproteins (ISG65) (Leung et al., Traffic 2008;9:1698-1716). In contrast, we find that TbVps23 ablation does not affect ISG65 turnover, while TbVps4 silencing markedly enhances lysosomal degradation. We propose several models to accommodate these results, including that the ESCRT machinery actually retrieves ISG65 from the LE to earlier endocytic compartments, and in its absence ISG65 traffics more efficiently to the lysosome. Overall, these results confirm that the ESCRT machinery is essential in Trypanosoma brucei and plays important and novel role(s) in LE function in trypanosomes. PMID:23905922

Silverman, Jason S; Muratore, Katherine A; Bangs, James D

2013-10-01

456

Keeping Your Baby Healthy: A Practical Manual for Black Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the belief that black parents have the power to prevent many of their children's health problems, and thus the responsibility to do so, this manual provides practical advice and lists resources in seven chapters. Chapters concern: (1) prenatal care; (2) having a baby; (3) the child's first 12 months; (4) information every parent should…

Dennis, Sharon, Ed.

457

Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

Russell, Beth S.

2010-01-01

458

Brave New Baby in the Brave New World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society would be wise to ponder the psychology of the adopted in order to gain some insights into what the psychological makeup of the brave new baby might be. Whatever combinations of reproduction and parenting we make, we should relinquish the secrecy that has been the scourge of the adoption system.

Betty Jean Lifton

1988-01-01

459

We've Come a Long Way, Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students discuss several human reproductive technologies available today â pregnancy ultrasound, amniocentesis, in-vitro fertilization and labor anesthetics. They learn how each technology works, and that these are ways engineers have worked to improve the health of expecting mothers and babies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

460

Baby universes and making the cosmological constant zero  

Microsoft Academic Search

A proposal by Coleman (1988) that the creation and destruction of baby universes and the coupling of the universe to other universes may explain the vanishing of the cosmological constant is discussed. Quantum fluctuations of spacetime are assumed to be connected by wormholes whose effects are governed by variables of alphai, so that all the constants become functions of alphai.

L. F. Abbott

1988-01-01

461

Baby Morse Theory in Data Analysis Caren Marzban  

E-print Network

of topological data analysis methods include dimensionality reduction [16], computer vision [21], and shapeBaby Morse Theory in Data Analysis Caren Marzban Applied Physics Laboratory and Department to demonstrate how the method yields interval estimates for the topology of the data as a 2-dimensional surface

Marzban, Caren

462

Will the retiring baby boomers return to rural periphery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality, Ristijärvi, in the remote Northeastern Finland. Despite

Jussi S. Jauhiainen

2009-01-01

463

Protect Your Unborn Baby or Newborn from Infections  

MedlinePLUS

... About a quarter of all women carry the bacteria that cause group B strep infection. Group B strep bacteria are usually not harmful to you and won' ... make the people around you sick. But these bacteria can be very dangerous for your newborn. Babies ...

464

Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of Darwin's…

Bradley, Ben S.

1994-01-01

465

Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

466

Increase in cerebral palsy in normal birthweight babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A register has been compiled of the 421 children with congenital cerebral palsy born between 1960 and 1975 from a defined geographical area of North East England (population 770 000). There was a fall in the rate of cerebral palsy among very low birthweight babies between 1964 and 1975 and also in the small group with dyskinetic cerebral palsy. The

S N Jarvis; J S Holloway; E N Hey

1985-01-01

467

Imaging and Imagining the World of the Baby Inside  

E-print Network

clinics and obstetric practices provide pictures and sometimes video or DVDs of the baby. Women share the concept of "ultrasound consul- tation," which takes place with pregnant women during second trimester that will con- tain prenatal as well as newborn and infant pictures. Over the past 10­15 years there has been

Heller, Barbara

468

Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

Page, Jools

2011-01-01

469

The Baby-Friendly Initiative: Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding  

PubMed Central

Breastfeeding confers extensive and well-established benefits and is recognized as an extremely effective preventative health measure for both mothers and babies. Except in very few specific medical situations, breastfeeding should be universally encouraged for all mothers and infants. To improve worldwide breastfeeding initiation and duration rates, the WHO and UNICEF launched the Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) in 1991. The goal was to protect, promote and support breastfeeding by adherence to the WHO’s “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”. Since then, more than 20,000 hospitals in 156 countries have achieved Baby-Friendly status, with a resultant increase in both breastfeeding initiation and duration. Still, only 500 hospitals are currently designated Baby-Friendly in industrialized countries, including 37 health centres or health authorities in Canada. Health care practitioners have a unique and influential role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding. Provincial and territorial government leadership is essential to ensuring implementation of the BFI in all health care facilities delivering services to families with young children. PMID:23730170

Pound, Catherine M; Unger, Sharon L

2012-01-01

470

Innovative design of industrial-academic cooperation in baby products  

Microsoft Academic Search

We got the chance to cooperate with a baby product manufacturer in central Taiwan for this study after paying a personal visit. Students from the Commercial Design Department of a technology university were guided to create innovative designs for products according to the manufacturer's requirements. The industrial-academic cooperation generally helped the teachers and students gained a better understanding of problems

Ruilin Lin; Jingchen Xie

2010-01-01

471

Effect of frozen storage on nutritional composition of baby corn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Baby corn (Zea mays) is young, finger-like, unfertilized cobs of maize with one to three centimeters of emerged silk, preferably harvested within 24 hours of silk emergence depending upon the growing season. It is a very perishable vegetable and hence the purpose of this present study is to standardize the freezing method for extending the shelf life of

Santosh Hooda; Asha Kawatra

2012-01-01

472

Baby corn, green ear, and grain yield of corn cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most maize cultivars have been developed for grain production. Because superior cultivars may differ in their exploiting purposes, interest has been demonstrated for the evaluation of corn cultivars with regard to their baby corn, green ear, and grain yields production ability. In the present work ten corn cultivars (AG 405, AG 1051, AG 2060, AG 6690, AG 7575, AG 8080,

Itala Paula de C. Almeida; Paulo Sérgio L. e Silva; Maria Z. de Negreiros; Zenaide Barbosa

2005-01-01

473

Learning Link: Helping Your Baby Learn to Talk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that young children learn to talk at different ages but within certain developmental boundaries, this document presents two charts to help parents facilitate their toddler's speech. The first chart lists characteristics to look for in a growing, healthy baby at various ages between 3 months and 24 months, and suggestions for when to talk to…

Morrisset, Colleen E.; Lines, Patricia

474

Optical control and diagnostics sensors for gas turbine machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exists a vast range of optical techniques that have been under development for solving complex measurement problems related to gas-turbine machinery and phenomena. For instance, several optical techniques are ideally suited for studying fundamental combustion phenomena in laboratory environments. Yet other techniques hold significant promise for use as either on-line gas turbine control sensors, or as health monitoring diagnostics sensors. In this paper, we briefly summarize these and discuss, in more detail, some of the latter class of techniques, including phosphor thermometry, hyperspectral imaging and low coherence interferometry, which are particularly suited for control and diagnostics sensing on hot section components with ceramic thermal barrier coatings (TBCs).

Trolinger, James D.; Jenkins, Thomas P.; Heeg, Bauke

2012-10-01

475

16. SOUTH TO VIEW OF CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. SOUTH TO VIEW OF CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. CO. PUNCH PRESS WITH WOOD-BURNING HEATING STOVE LOCATED IN THE CENTER OF THE FACTORY BUILDING. BESIDE THE HEATING STOVE, POINTING TOWARD THE PUNCH PRESS, IS A JIG USED TO POSITION ANGLE STEEL COMPONENTS OF STEEL WINDMILL TOWER LEGS FOR PUNCHING BOLT HOLES. THE SUPPORT FOR THE BRICK FLUE OF THE HEATING STOVE IS CONSTRUCTED FROM SALVAGED GALVANIZED ANGLE STEEL OF THE TYPE USED IN FABRICATING WINDMILL TOWERS MANUFACTURED IN THE FACTORY. - Kregel Windmill Company Factory, 1416 Central Avenue, Nebraska City, Otoe County, NE

476

Beam Test Data Analysis of the Beam Test Data Analysis of the JLCCDC baby Chamber JLCCDC baby Chamber  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying the higgs boson needs a high resolution tracker. The baby chamber was fabricated with the same cell structure as the current design of the central drift chamber of the Joint Linear Collider. Its performance is studied by looking at the wire efficiency, spatial resolution and twotrack separation capability using an analysis software package already incorporated into the Joint Linear

H. Goo; D. Arogancia; J. Magallanes; A. Bacal; K. Fujii

477

Baby Hands that Move to the Rhythm of Language: Hearing Babies Acquiring Sign Languages Babble Silently on the Hands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ''ba, ba, ba'' sound universal to babies' babbling around 7 months captures scientific attention because it provides insights into the mechanisms underlying language acquisition and vestiges of its evolutionary origins. Yet the prevailing mystery is what is the biological basis of babbling, with one hypothesis being that it is a non-linguistic…

Petitto, Laura Ann; Holowka, Siobhan; Sergio, Lauren E.; Levy, Bronna; Ostry, David J.

2004-01-01

478

The basal transcription machinery as a target for cancer therapy.  

PubMed

General transcription is required for the growth and survival of all living cells. However, tumor cells require extraordinary levels of transcription, including the transcription of ribosomal RNA genes by RNA polymerase I (RNPI) and mRNA by RNA polymerase II (RNPII). In fact, cancer cells have mutations that directly enhance transcription and are frequently required for cancer transformation. For example, the recent discovery that MYC enhances the transcription of the majority genes in the genome correlates with the fact that several transcription interfering drugs preferentially kill cancer cells. In recent years, advances in the mechanistic studies of the basal transcription machinery and the discovery of drugs that interfere with multiple components of transcription are being used to combat cancer. For example, drugs such as triptolide that targets the general transcription factors TFIIH and JQ1 to inhibit BRD4 are administered to target the high proliferative rate of cancer cells. Given the importance of finding new strategies to preferentially sensitize tumor cells, this review primarily focuses on several transcription inhibitory drugs to demonstrate that the basal transcription machinery constitutes a potential target for the design of novel cancer drugs. We highlight the drugs' mechanisms for interfering with tumor cell survival, their importance in cancer treatment and the challenges of clinical application. PMID:24576043

Villicaña, Claudia; Cruz, Grisel; Zurita, Mario

2014-01-01

479

RNAi triggered by specialized machinery silences developmental genes and retrotransposons  

PubMed Central

RNAi is a conserved mechanism in which small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) guide the degradation of cognate RNAs, but also promote heterochromatin assembly at repetitive DNA elements such as centromeric repeats1,2. However, the full extent of RNAi functions and its endogenous targets have not been explored. Here we show that in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, RNAi and heterochromatin factors cooperate to silence diverse loci, including sexual differentiation genes, genes encoding transmembrane proteins, and retrotransposons that are also targeted by the exosome RNA degradation machinery. In the absence of the exosome, transcripts are processed preferentially by the RNAi machinery, revealing siRNA clusters and corresponding increase in heterochromatin modifications across large domains containing genes and retrotransposons. We show that the generation of siRNAs and heterochromatin assembly by RNAi is triggered by a mechanism involving the canonical poly(A) polymerase Pla1 and an associated RNA surveillance factor Red1, which also activate the exosome. Remarkably, siRNA production and heterochromatin modifications at these target loci are regulated by environmental growth conditions, and by developmental signals that induce gene expression during sexual differentiation. Our analyses uncover interplay between RNAi and the exosome that is conserved in higher eukaryotes, and show that differentiation signals modulate RNAi silencing to regulate developmental genes. PMID:23151475

Yamanaka, Soichiro; Mehta, Sameet; Reyes-Turcu, Francisca E.; Zhuang, Fanglei; Fuchs, Ryan T.; Rong, Yikang; Robb, Gregory B.; Grewal, Shiv I. S.

2012-01-01

480

MG53 nucleates assembly of cell membrane repair machinery  

PubMed Central

Dynamic membrane repair and remodelling is an elemental process that maintains cell integrity and mediates efficient cellular function. Here we report that MG53, a muscle-specific tripartite motif family protein (TRIM72), is a component of the sarcolemmal membrane-repair machinery. MG53 interacts with phosphatidylserine to associate with intracellular vesicles that traffic to and fuse with sarcolemmal membranes. Mice null for MG53 show progressive myopathy and reduced exercise capability, associated with defective membrane-repair capacity. Injury of the sarcolemmal membrane leads to entry of the extracellular oxidative environment and MG53 oligomerization, resulting in recruitment of MG53-containing vesicles to the injury site. After vesicle translocation, entry of extracellular Ca2+ facilitates vesicle fusion to reseal the membrane. Our data indicate that intracellular vesicle translocation and Ca2+-dependent membrane fusion are distinct steps involved in the repair of membrane damage and that MG53 may initiate the assembly of the membrane repair machinery in an oxidation-dependent manner. PMID:19043407

Cai, Chuanxi; Masumiya, Haruko; Weisleder, Noah; Matsuda, Noriyuki; Nishi, Miyuki; Hwang, Moonsun; Ko, Jae-Kyun; Lin, Peihui; Thornton, Angela; Zhao, Xiaoli; Pan, Zui; Komazaki, Shinji; Brotto, Marco; Takeshima, Hiroshi; Ma, Jianjie

2010-01-01

481

Nucleolar Assembly of the Rrna Processing Machinery in Living Cells  

PubMed Central

To understand how nuclear machineries are targeted to accurate locations during nuclear assembly, we investigated the pathway of the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing machinery towards ribosomal genes (nucleolar organizer regions [NORs]) at exit of mitosis. To follow in living cells two permanently transfected green fluorescence protein–tagged nucleolar proteins, fibrillarin and Nop52, from metaphase to G1, 4-D time-lapse microscopy was used. In early telophase, fibrillarin is concentrated simultaneously in prenucleolar bodies (PNBs) and NORs, whereas PNB-containing Nop52 forms later. These distinct PNBs assemble at the chromosome surface. Analysis of PNB movement does not reveal the migration of PNBs towards the nucleolus, but rather a directional flow between PNBs and between PNBs and the nucleolus, ensuring progressive delivery of proteins into nucleoli. This delivery appeared organized in morphologically distinct structures visible by electron microscopy, suggesting transfer of large complexes. We propose that the temporal order of PNB assembly and disassembly controls nucleolar delivery of these proteins, and that accumulation of processing complexes in the nucleolus is driven by pre-rRNA concentration. Initial nucleolar formation around competent NORs appears to be followed by regroupment of the NORs into a single nucleolus 1 h later to complete the nucleolar assembly. This demonstrates the formation of one functional domain by cooperative interactions between different chromosome territories. PMID:11381093

Savino, Tulia Maria; Gébrane-Younès, Jeannine; De Mey, Jan; Sibarita, Jean-Baptiste; Hernandez-Verdun, Danièle

2001-01-01

482

Rapid detection of biothreat agents based on cellular machinery.  

SciTech Connect

This research addresses rapid and sensitive identification of biological agents in a complex background. We attempted to devise a method by which the specificity of the cellular transcriptional machinery could be used to detect and identify bacterial bio-terror agents in a background of other organisms. Bacterial cells contain RNA polymerases and transcription factors that transcribe genes into mRNA for translation into proteins. RNA polymerases in conjunction with transcription factors recognize regulatory elements (promoters) upstream of the gene. These promoters are, in many cases, recognized by the polymerase and transcription factor combinations of one species only. We have engineered a plasmid, for Escherichia coli, containing the virA promoter from the target species Shigella flexneri. This promoter was fused to a reporter gene Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP). In theory the indicator strain (carrying the plasmid) is mixed with the target strain and the two are lysed. The cellular machinery from both cells mixes and the GFP is produced. This report details the results of testing this system.

Lane, Todd W.; Gantt, Richard W.

2004-12-01

483

A dynamically assembled cell wall synthesis machinery buffers cell growth.  

PubMed

Assembly of protein complexes is a key mechanism for achieving spatial and temporal coordination in processes involving many enzymes. Growth of rod-shaped bacteria is a well-studied example requiring such coordination; expansion of the cell wall is thought to involve coordination of the activity of synthetic enzymes with the cytoskeleton via a stable complex. Here, we use single-molecule tracking to demonstrate that the bacterial actin homolog MreB and the essential cell wall enzyme PBP2 move on timescales orders of magnitude apart, with drastically different characteristic motions. Our observations suggest that PBP2 interacts with the rest of the synthesis machinery through a dynamic cycle of transient association. Consistent with this model, growth is robust to large fluctuations in PBP2 abundance. In contrast to stable complex formation, dynamic association of PBP2 is less dependent on the function of other components of the synthesis machinery, and buffers spatially distributed growth against fluctuations in pathway component concentrations and the presence of defective components. Dynamic association could generally represent an efficient strategy for spatiotemporal coordination of protein activities, especially when excess concentrations of system components are inhibitory to the overall process or deleterious to the cell. PMID:24550500

Lee, Timothy K; Tropini, Carolina; Hsin, Jen; Desmarais, Samantha M; Ursell, Tristan S; Gong, Enhao; Gitai, Zemer; Monds, Russell D; Huang, Kerwyn Casey

2014-03-25

484

Intelligent condition-based prediction of machinery reliability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ability to forecast machinery failure is vital to reducing maintenance costs, operation downtime and safety hazards. Recent advances in condition monitoring technologies have given rise to a number of prognostic models that attempt to forecast machinery health based on condition data. This paper presents a novel approach for incorporating population characteristics information and suspended condition trending data of historical units into prognosis. The population characteristics information extracted from statistical failure distribution enables longer-range prognosis. The accurate modelling of suspended data is also found to be of great importance, since in practice machines are rarely allowed to run to failure and hence data are commonly suspended. The proposed model consists of a feed-forward neural network whose training targets are asset survival probabilities estimated using a variation of the Kaplan-Meier estimator and a degradation-based failure probability density function (PDF) estimator. The trained network is capable of estimating the future survival probabilities of an operating asset when a series of condition indices are inputted. The output survival probabilities collectively form an estimated survival curve. Pump vibration data were used for model validation. The proposed model was compared with two similar models that neglect suspended data, as well as with a conventional time series prediction model. The results support our hypothesis that the proposed model can predict more accurately and further ahead than similar methods that do not include population characteristics and/or suspended data in prognosis.

Heng, Aiwina; Tan, Andy C. C.; Mathew, Joseph; Montgomery, Neil; Banjevic, Dragan; Jardine, Andrew K. S.

2009-07-01

485

Regulation of Caenorhabditis elegans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa machinery during interactions.  

PubMed

The amenability of Caenorhabditis elegans against pathogen provides a valuable tool for studying host-pathogen interactions. Physiological experiments revealed that the P. aeruginosa was able to kill C. elegans efficiently. The effects of P. aeruginosa PA14, PAO1 and their isolated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the host system were analyzed. The LPS at higher concentrations (?2 mg/ml) was toxic to the host animals. Kinetic studies using qPCR revealed the regulation of host-specific candidate antimicrobial genes during pathogen-mediated infections. In addition, the pathogen-specific virulent gene, exoT expression, was anlyzed and found to be varied during the interactions with the host system. Ability of the pathogens to modify their internal machinery in the presence of the host was analyzed by XRD, FTIR and PCA. LPS isolated from pathogens upon exposure to C. elegans showed modifications at their functional regions. LPS from PAO1 showed difference in d-spacing angle (?) and °2Th position. FTIR spectra revealed alterations in polysaccharide (1,200-900 cm(-1)) and fatty acid (3,000-2,800 cm(-1)) regions of LPS from P. aeruginosa PAO1 exposed to the host system. These data provide additional insights on how the pathogens subvert its own and host machinery during interactions. PMID:21909805

Vigneshkumar, Balasubramanian; Pandian, Shunmugiah Karutha; Balamurugan, Krishnaswamy

2012-04-01

486

Failure Accommodation Tested in Magnetic Suspension Systems for Rotating Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field and Texas A&M University are developing techniques for accommodating certain types of failures in magnetic suspension systems used in rotating machinery. In recent years, magnetic bearings have become a viable alternative to rolling element bearings for many applications. For example, industrial machinery such as machine tool spindles and turbomolecular pumps can today be bought off the shelf with magnetically supported rotating components. Nova Gas Transmission Ltd. has large gas compressors in Canada that have been running flawlessly for years on magnetic bearings. To help mature this technology and quiet concerns over the reliability of magnetic bearings, NASA researchers have been investigating ways of making the bearing system tolerant to faults. Since the potential benefits from an oil-free, actively controlled bearing system are so attractive, research that is focused on assuring system reliability and safety is justifiable. With support from the Fast Quiet Engine program, Glenn's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch is working to demonstrate fault-tolerant magnetic suspension systems targeted for aerospace engine applications. The Flywheel Energy Storage Program is also helping to fund this research.

Provenza, Andy J.

2000-01-01

487

Architecture and regulation of negative-strand viral enzymatic machinery  

PubMed Central

Negative-strand (NS) RNA viruses initiate infection with a unique polymerase complex that mediates both mRNA transcription and subsequent genomic RNA replication. For nearly all NS RNA viruses, distinct enzymatic domains catalyzing RNA polymerization and multiple steps of 5? mRNA cap formation are contained within a single large polymerase protein (L). While NS RNA viruses include a variety of emerging human and agricultural pathogens, the enzymatic machinery driving viral replication and gene expression remains poorly understood. Recent insights with Machupo virus and vesicular stomatitis virus have provided the first structural information of viral L proteins, and revealed how the various enzymatic domains are arranged into a conserved architecture shared by both segmented and nonsegmented NS RNA viruses. In vitro systems reconstituting RNA synthesis from purified components provide new tools to understand the viral replicative machinery, and demonstrate the arenavirus matrix protein regulates RNA synthesis by locking a polymerase–template complex. Inhibition of gene expression by the viral matrix protein is a distinctive feature also shared with influenza A virus and nonsegmented NS RNA viruses, possibly illuminating a conserved mechanism for coordination of viral transcription and polymerase packaging PMID:22767259

Kranzusch, Philip J.; Whelan, Sean P.J.

2012-01-01

488

The basal transcription machinery as a target for cancer therapy  

PubMed Central

General transcription is required for the growth and survival of all living cells. However, tumor cells require extraordinary levels of transcription, including the transcription of ribosomal RNA genes by RNA polymerase I (RNPI) and mRNA by RNA polymerase II (RNPII). In fact, cancer cells have mutations that directly enhance transcription and are frequently required for cancer transformation. For example, the recent discovery that MYC enhances the transcription of the majority genes in the genome correlates with the fact that several transcription interfering drugs preferentially kill cancer cells. In recent years, advances in the mechanistic studies of the basal transcription machinery and the discovery of drugs that interfere with multiple components of transcription are being used to combat cancer. For example, drugs such as triptolide that targets the general transcription factors TFIIH and JQ1 to inhibit BRD4 are administered to target the high proliferative rate of cancer cells. Given the importance of finding new strategies to preferentially sensitize tumor cells, this review primarily focuses on several transcription inhibitory drugs to demonstrate that the basal transcription machinery constitutes a potential target for the design of novel cancer drugs. We highlight the drugs’ mechanisms for interfering with tumor cell survival, their importance in cancer treatment and the challenges of clinical application. PMID:24576043

2014-01-01

489

User Experience in Machinery Automation: From Concepts and Context to Design Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Machinery automation (MA), e.g. different agriculture machinery, has traditionally been developed by experts in automation\\u000a and in machinery engineering. As the role of interactive software is increasing, the principles and methods of human centered\\u000a design (HCD) are being applied. This results in better usability of the systems particularly through efficiency of work processes\\u000a and user interfaces (UIs). The user experience

Jarmo Palviainen; Kaisa Väänänen-vainio-mattila

2009-01-01

490

Goals and options in keeping preterm babies warm.  

PubMed

More than 50 years after Silverman showed the association between temperature control and mortality, recent data again stress the importance of the thermal environment of the preterm infant. The goals of care are straightforward: maintain a normal body temperature, ensure a stable thermal environment and avoid cold stress; but the options to achieve them are many and less certain. There is a problem in defining a 'normal' temperature. A single measurement will tell nothing about whether the baby is using energy for thermal balance. The preterm baby should be monitored with the continuous recording and display of a central and peripheral temperature. This will give an early indication of cold stress before any change is seen in the central temperature. Reducing evaporative heat losses at birth has improved temperatures on admission, although no studies have shown any effect on outcome. No data have shown that the use of incubators is any better than radiant heaters. PMID:20488864

Lyon, A J; Freer, Y

2011-01-01

491

Baby teething in early modern England: theory and therapeutic practice.  

PubMed

Oral and dental healthcare was a major medical concern in 16th- and 17th-century England. The analysis of a representative corpus from Early English Books Online (EEBO) reveals that the general principles and therapeutic management of baby teething were found most often in pediatric and midwifery treatises. The chapters devoted to this babyhood process usually gave information on factors determining teething onset, eruption schedule, order of appearance, associated disorders and short-term prognosis. Among the remedies available to alleviate children's pain, the authors mention anti-inflammatory herbal ointments, soothing fomentations, periodic mouthwashes, and minor surgery. Although the selected chapters on baby teething do not include detailed accounts of teething-related symptoms, one can find consistent data in the different descriptions and recipes provided. This scholarly agreement indicates systematic medical and midwifery practices to deal with a predictable, but frequently troublesome, stage of children's development. PMID:22372184

Dominguez-Rodriguez, Maria Victoria

2011-01-01

492

MULTIFUNCTIONAL NANO–BIO MATERIALS WITHIN CELLULAR MACHINERY  

PubMed Central

Functional nanoscale materials that possess specific physical or chemical properties can leverage energy transduction in vivo. Once these materials integrate with biomolecules they combine physical properties of inorganic material and the biorecognition capabilities of bio-organic moieties. Such nano–bio hybrids can be interfaced with living cells, the elementary functional units of life. These nano–bio systems are capable of bio-manipulation or actuation via altering intracellular biochemical pathways. Thus, nano–bio conjugates are appealing for a wide range of applications from the life sciences and nanomedicine to catalysis and clean energy production. Here we highlight recent progress in our efforts to develop smart nano–bio hybrid materials, and to study their performance within cellular machinery under application of external stimuli, such as light or magnetic fields. PMID:23105163

ROZHKOVA, E. A.; ULASOV, I. V.; KIM, D.-H.; DIMITRIJEVIC, N. M.; NOVOSAD, V.; BADER, S. D.; LESNIAK, M. S.; RAJH, T.

2011-01-01

493

Autophagic machinery activated by dengue virus enhances virus replication  

SciTech Connect

Autophagy is a cellular response against stresses which include the infection of viruses and bacteria. We unravel that Dengue virus-2 (DV2) can trigger autophagic process in various infected cell lines demonstrated by GFP-LC3 dot formation and increased LC3-II formation. Autophagosome formation was also observed under the transmission electron microscope. DV2-induced autophagy further enhances the titers of extracellular and intracellular viruses indicating that autophagy can promote viral replication in the infected cells. Moreover, our data show that ATG5 protein is required to execute DV2-induced autophagy. All together, we are the first to demonstrate that DV can activate autophagic machinery that is favorable for viral replication.

Lee, Y.-R. [Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lei, H.-Y. [Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Liu, M.-T. [Tainan Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Wang, J.-R. [Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Chen, S.-H. [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Jiang-Shieh, Y.-F. [Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Lin, Y.-S. [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Yeh, T.-M. [Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Liu, C.-C. [Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China); Liu, H.-S. [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: a713@mail.ncku.edu.tw

2008-05-10

494

Narrative text analysis of accident reports with tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery in Austrian agriculture from 2008 to 2010 - a comparison.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was the identification of accident scenarios and causes by analysing existing accident reports of recognized agricultural occupational accidents with tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery from 2008 to 2010. As a result of a literature-based evaluation of past accident analyses, the narrative text analysis was chosen as an appropriate method. A narrative analysis of the text fields of accident reports that farmers used to report accidents to insurers was conducted to obtain detailed information about the scenarios and causes of accidents. This narrative analysis of reports was made the first time and yielded first insights for identifying antecedents of accidents and potential opportunities for technical based intervention. A literature and internet search was done to discuss and confirm the findings. The narrative text analysis showed that in more than one third of the accidents with tractors and materials handling machinery the vehicle rolled or tipped over. The most relevant accident scenarios with harvesting machinery were being trapped and falling down. The direct comparison of the analysed machinery categories showed that more than 10% of the accidents in each category were caused by technical faults, slippery or muddy terrain and incorrect or inappropriate operation of the vehicle. Accidents with tractors, harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery showed similarities in terms of causes, circumstances and consequences. Certain technical and communicative measures for accident prevention could be used for all three machinery categories. Nevertheless, some individual solutions for accident prevention, which suit each specific machine type, would be necessary. PMID:24738521

Mayrhofer, Hannes; Quendler, Elisabeth; Boxberger, Josef

2014-01-01

495

Development of the e-Baby serious game with regard to the evaluation of oxygenation in preterm babies: contributions of the emotional design.  

PubMed

The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs a clinical evaluation of the respiratory process in a virtual preterm infant. The user learns about the preterm baby's history, chooses the tools for the clinical evaluation, evaluates the baby, and determines whether his/her evaluation is appropriate. The e-Baby game presents phases that contain respiratory process impairments of higher or lower complexity in the virtual preterm baby. Included links give the user the option of recording the entire evaluation procedure and sharing his/her performance on a social network. e-Baby integrates a Clinical Evaluation of the Preterm Baby course in the Moodle virtual environment. This game, which evaluates the respiratory process in preterm infants, could support a more flexible, attractive, and interactive teaching and learning process that includes simulations with features very similar to neonatal unit realities, thus allowing more appropriate training for clinical oxygenation evaluations in at-risk preterm infants. e-Baby allows advanced user-technology-educational interactions because it requires active participation in the process and is emotionally integrated. PMID:25010051

Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Dias, Danielle Monteiro Vilela; Góes, Fernanda Dos Santos Nogueira; Seixas, Carlos Alberto; Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan; Martins, José Carlos Amado; Rodrigues, Manuel Alves

2014-09-01

496

The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies  

E-print Network

are at the end, highlighted in red. #12;Problem 1 Archimedes performs two experiments. First, he puts the two Babies.nb #12;R C Solutions Problem 1 Long ago Archimedes discovered that a floating object will displace displaced is 2.7 kilograms. According to Archimedes' Principle, the total mass of the two babies

Howle, Victoria E.

497

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow  

E-print Network

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow on day of birth? ( ) ( ) Birth weight? Was it a vaginal delivery? ( ) ( ) Passed hearing screen? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor & delivery complication-free (examples: pre- eclampsia, high blood pressure

Borenstein, Elhanan

498

Neonatal jaundice in very low birth weight babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates born between January 1995 to December 1998, who survived for >2 days, were studied for\\u000a the incidence, causes and interventions required for neonatal jaundice. Significant neonatal jaundice was defined as the total\\u000a serum bilirubin (TSB) level beyond which baby required intervention (phototherapy and\\/or exchange transfusion) for neonatal\\u000a jaundice. The incidence of significant neonatal jaundice

Anil Narang; Praveen Kumar; Rajesh Kumar

2001-01-01

499

Breastfeeding practices in baby friendly hospitals of Indore  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interview based cross sectional study was conducted in two of the designated Baby Friendly Hospitals of Indore in the year\\u000a 2008. None of the hospitals were having a written breastfeeding policy, which is routinely communicated to all the health\\u000a workers and no regular training regarding the Programme was being imparted. There is a need to develop a BFHI Monitoring

Richa Nigam; Manish Nigam; R. R. Wavre; Ajit Deshpande; R. K. Chandorkar

2010-01-01

500

NEUROTROPHIN-3 TARGETS THE TRANSLATIONAL INITIATION MACHINERY IN OLIGODENDROCYTES  

PubMed Central

Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) regulates oligodendrocyte (OLG) differentiation by mechanisms that remain poorly understood. Exposure of OLGs to NT-3 induces a significant increase in the levels of myelin basic protein (MBP). However, we found that this stimulation occurs in the absence of measurable effects on MBP gene promoter activation or mRNA expression, suggesting that NT-3 up-regulates MBP protein expression by a posttranscriptional mechanism. Furthermore, NT-3 also causes an increase in the levels of myelin associated glycoprotein (MAG) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), raising the possibility of a more general effect on myelin protein synthesis. Surprisingly, 35S-methionine incorporation into total OLG proteins demonstrated a 50% increase in labeling following only a brief, 15 minute treatment with NT-3. Such a remarkably fast response is unlikely due to transcriptional activation, reinforcing the possibility that NT-3 may play a crucial role in regulating protein expression by a posttranscriptional mechanism. In support of this idea, we found that NT-3 stimulates the phosphorylation of essential regulators of the initiation machinery, eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) and its inhibitory binding partner 4E binding protein 1 (4EBP1), two crucial players in controlling cap-dependent protein synthesis. This stimulation involves the activation of pathways mediated by ERK1/2 and PI3K/mTOR, implicating these two kinase systems as modulators of protein synthesis in developing OLGs. Altogether, these observations show for the first time that NT-3 has the capacity of targeting the translational machinery and suggest a potential stimulatory effect of this neurotrophin on myelination by direct action on protein translation in the OLGs. PMID:19455580

Coelho, Rochelle P.; Yuelling, Larra M.; Fuss, Babette; Sato-Bigbee, Carmen

2015-01-01