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1

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

newsletter | contact Share | Diaper Rash (Irritant Diaper Dermatitis) A parent's guide for infants and babies A A A This image display bright red skin caused by persistent irritation. Overview Diaper rash (irritant diaper dermatitis) occurs when an infant's sensitive ...

2

Disposable baby diaper--a threat to the health and environment.  

PubMed

There is no doubt that disposable diapers are wonderfully convenient but are they safe for the babies? It is clear that there are also a number of potential dangers. Most of the parents are not aware of the adverse effects of this product being in contact with baby's reproductive organs 24 hours a day more than two years and the long-term effects it causes to the surroundings. Disposable diapers have been implicated by diapering proponents like leak proof polymers, super absorbent polymers and some scented chemicals which are the key factors for everything from chronic diaper rash, respiratory problems like asthma, male infertility even to testicular cancer. This article gives the detailed review of the health and other related problems in using the disposable baby diapers like cancer, liver damage, skin diseases, male infertility, birth abnormalities, respiratory problems, land fills, environmental pollution, toxic chemicals used etc. PMID:24749209

Umachitra, G; Bhaarathidhurai

2012-07-01

3

Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... skin also can develop rashes. Certain types of detergent, soaps, diapers (or dyes from diapers), or baby ... on how to best clean them. Only use detergents in the amount recommended, and run an extra ...

4

Preventing Diaper Rash  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Preventing Diaper Rash Dermatologist shares tips for protecting your baby's skin (* ... Care Rashes WEDNESDAY, Dec. 31, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Diaper rash is a common problem for babies, but parents ...

5

Setting the Record Straight on Diaper Rash and Disposable Diapers.  

PubMed

Skin in the diapered area is continuously threatened by exposure to changes in pH levels, overhydration, mechanical friction, and fecal enzymes, making diaper rash a common occurrence among babies. Up to one third of infants may exhibit clinical symptoms of diaper rash at any time, and more than half of babies between the ages of 4 and 15 months develop diaper rash at least once in a 2-month period. Despite misperceptions that disposable diapers are related to an increase in diaper rash, the incidence of diaper dermatitis is on the decline, largely due to significant improvements in disposable diaper construction and materials. Modern-day disposable diapers are specifically designed to limit exposure to irritants in the diaper area, reduce overhydration, inhibit skin barrier compromise, and help maintain normal skin pH levels and have been thoroughly evaluated for safety and skin compatibility. PMID:24961777

Clark-Greuel, Jocelyn N; Helmes, C Tucker; Lawrence, Ann; Odio, Mauricio; White, Jeffrey C

2014-06-24

6

Diapers and diaper rashes.  

PubMed

The diaper-wearing population has expanded from infants and children to include adults, especially the elderly. Nurses caring for patients over a wide age range are commonly asked for advice about diapering choices, and for guidance in evaluation, prophylaxis, and treatment of diaper rashes. Two different diaper types, disposables and reusables, and the advantages and disadvantages of each are discussed. A systematic approach is presented for the nursing evaluation of common diaper rashes and their differentiation from rarer skin eruptions of the groin and perineum in diaper-wearing persons. PMID:9171562

Boiko, S

1997-02-01

7

Diaper Dermatitis (Candidiasis)  

MedlinePLUS

newsletter | contact Share | Diaper Dermatitis (Candidiasis) A parent's guide for infants and babies A A A Small, white, distinct pus-filled lesions often have ... skin. Diarrhea increases the risk for developing candidal diaper dermatitis, and candida infection in the mouth (oral thrush) ...

8

Diaper area and disposable diapers.  

PubMed

Since the 1960s, cloth diapers have been replaced by disposable diapers. The evolution of healthier skin in the diaper area has been demonstrated in parallel to that of disposable diapers. The improvements of disposable diapers--fit, dryness, comfort--have been based on the understanding of factors playing a role in the development of diaper dermatitis. PMID:21325842

Erasala, G N; Romain, C; Merlay, I

2011-01-01

9

Diaper rash  

MedlinePLUS

The best treatment for a diaper rash is to keep the diaper area clean and dry. This also helps prevent new diaper rashes. Lay ... may make the rash worse. When washing cloth diapers, rinse 2 or 3 ... soap if your child already has a rash or has had one before.

10

Idea Bank: In disposable Diapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To enhance and develop technical, science process, and critical thinking skills, the following activity provides students with the opportunity to determine the water-holding capacity of disposable diapers. In addition, they are encouraged to be scientists by preparing an organized procedure for the baby diaper investigation.

Dana M. Barry

2004-02-01

11

[Diaper dermatitis].  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin diseases during infancy and childhood. It is a type of irritant contact eczema resulting from a complex interaction between urine and feces under occlusive conditions in combination with the hyperhydration of the stratum corneum, pressure and friction under the diaper. These conditions pave the way for Candida albicans infection, which is often associated with diaper dermatitis. The anogenital region can be involved by a variety of dermatoses, so a precise skin examination, detailed history and sometimes histologic examination are needed for a precise diagnosis. Therapeutically, frequent diaper changes and adequate skin care are most important. PMID:21882101

Fölster-Holst, R; Buchner, M; Proksch, E

2011-09-01

12

Diapering habits: a global perspective.  

PubMed

There are tremendous variations in diapering practices, reflecting varying cultural practices and regional difference. Around the world, more than 134 million babies are born each year, a rate of 255 births per minute or 4.3 births each second. While global population growth has been steadily declining from its peak in 1963, several regions, including the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa, continue to maintain high birth rates. Though the essential needs of infants are largely similar, family habits and practices during early years of life vary dramatically. This article surveys data documenting variations in diaper frequency, types, and duration of use internationally, including age of toilet training. These factors may influence diaper rash and skin health of infants and young children. Much of this data was collected as part of analysis of the international commercial diaper market, evaluated and organized as part of an international initiative on Global Infant Skin Care, and presented to a panel of experts for critique and commentary in a symposium held in December, 2013. PMID:25403934

Thaman, Lauren A; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

2014-11-01

13

Experts Support Safety and Utility of Today's Diapers.  

PubMed

With the needs of both pediatricians and parents in mind and the safety of babies a top priority, continual innovations in diaper technology have produced meaningful improvements in duration of use and care for the skin, all with the reassurance of extensive safety validation. PMID:24961776

Counts, Jennifer L; Helmes, C Tucker

2014-06-24

14

Disposable diapers and infant skin.  

PubMed

In an experiment on skin rash caused by diapers, adult skin was used to compare the effects of disposable diapers (A; Pampers), conventional disposable diapers (B), and cotton diapers. Pieces of each type of diaper measuring 2 X 2 cm and containing 0.2 ml saline solution were pasted on forearm skin for 5 h. Water content of the corneum was measured with an impedance meter 1 h after the pieces were removed. Results were excellent for diapers A and B: there were no significant differences observed in water content of the corneum when A and B were compared with conventional cotton diapers. The advantages of disposable diapers were confirmed in infants. PMID:3601825

Ueda, H; Takase, M

1987-01-01

15

Dermatophytosis of the Diaper Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six cases of dermatophytosis of the diaper area due to either Epadermophyton floccosum or Trichophyton rubrum are described herein. The clinical and laboratory features of these patients and those reported in the literature are highlighted. Dermatophytosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of rashes in the diaper area. Most standard remedies for diaper rash will not be effective or

Michael Kahana; Ahron Levi; Michael Cohen; Miriam Schewach-Millet; Lea Shalish

1987-01-01

16

DIAPER INDUSTRY WORKSHOP REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. our topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. he primary objective of the workshop was to id...

17

Frequency and severity of diaper dermatitis with use of traditional Chinese cloth diapers: observations in 3- to 9-month-old children.  

PubMed

Chinese cloth diapers differ from disposable diapers in several respects that are central to our understanding of the etiology of diaper dermatitis (DD), yet there are no published reports on the dermatological correlates of this manner of infant care, which is prevalent among the world's second-largest pediatric population. The objective was to determine the prevalence and severity of DD in exclusive users of Chinese cloth diapers. This observational study was conducted during a single home visit to 694 Chinese children who were exclusive users of cloth diapers in five inland cities of China. During each home visit, study nurses documented the presence and severity of DD using a visual dermatological scale and conducted transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and pH measurements. Diaper dermatitis was rare in the buttocks and genital area of the children (<20%) but was common in the perianal and intertriginous regions (50-70%). TEWL and pH were mildly higher in babies with DD than in those without DD in the genital and buttocks area. Diaper dermatitis is common in children who use traditional Chinese cloth diapers, especially in the perianal and intertriginous regions. PMID:21793880

Liu, Na; Wang, Xuemin; Odio, Mauricio

2011-01-01

18

Diaper dermatitis — An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diaper dermatitis, also know as nappy rash, is an inflammation of the skin covered by nappy. It probably results due to an\\u000a interaction of multiple factors like increased wetness, elevated pH due to urine, fecal enzymes and microorganisms under the\\u000a nappy. It manifests as an erythematous rash occurring on the convex surfaces of skin under the nappy. Rashes resembling nappy

H. R. Y. Prasad; Pushplata Srivastava; Kaushal K. Verma

2003-01-01

19

Disposable diapers: safe and effective.  

PubMed

Nappy rash is a common problem in infants due to their thinner skin, wetness, heat and friction under cloth nappy, fecal enzymes and alkaline urine. The disposable diapers containing Super Absorbent Material (SAM) reduce the incidence of nappy rash. SAM quickly absorbs urine and keeps the skin dry. Also disposable diapers prevent fecal contamination by absorbing the urine and containing stools. PMID:14620187

Singh, Namita; Purthi, P K; Sachdev, Anupam; Gupta, Suresh

2003-09-01

20

Microbiological Aspects of Diaper Dermatitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The microbiological basis of diaper dermatitis is not clearly elucidated, although a better knowledge of microbial colonisation can be of importance with regard to an adequate treatment. Objective: To investigate the relevance of Candida sp. and Staphylococcus aureus colonisation in diaper dermatitis and to determine the correlation between the extent of colonisation and the severity of disease. Methods: Growth

G. Ferrazzini; R. R. Kaiser; S.-K. Hirsig Cheng; M. Wehrli; V. Della Casa; G. Pohlig; S. Gonser; F. Graf; W. Jörg

2003-01-01

21

Disposable diapers: a hygienic alternative.  

PubMed

The use of disposable diapers has offered improved health care benefits. Urine and fecal matter leakage from the cloth nappies and the hand-to-mouth behavior in infants leads to many illnesses with a feco-oral mode of transmission. Also, the tender skin of the infant is more prone to nappy rash. The modern age disposable diapers, when compared to cloth nappy, have displayed a superior ability in containment of urine and feces, thereby reducing contamination and transmission of infection. Also disposable diapers contain Super Absorbent Material (SAM) that successfully reduces the incidence of nappy rash. PMID:14703226

Kamat, Maithili; Malkani, Ram

2003-11-01

22

Disposable diapers: Safe and effective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nappy rash is a common problem in infants due to their thinner skin, wetness, heat and friction under cloth nappy, fecal enzymes\\u000a and alkaline urine. The disposable diapers containing Super Absorbent Material (SAM) reduce the incidence of nappy rash. SAM\\u000a quickly absorbs urine and keeps the skin dry. Also disposable diapers prevent fecal contamination by absorbing the urine and\\u000a containing

Namita Singh; P. K. Purthi; Anupam Sachdev; Suresh Gupta

2003-01-01

23

Disposable diapers : A hygienic alternative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of disposable diapers has offered improved health care benefits. Urine and fecal matter leakage from the cloth nappies\\u000a and the hand —to —mouth behavior in infants leads to many illnesses with a feco-oral mode of transmission. Also, the tender\\u000a skin of the infant is more prone to nappy rash. The modern age disposable diapers, when compared to cloth

Maithili Kamat; Ram Malkani

2003-01-01

24

Care of the Migrant Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

25

Modern Disposable Diaper Construction: Innovations in Performance Help Maintain Healthy Diapered Skin.  

PubMed

Disposable diapers today employ dramatically better fitting, less bulky, and more environmentally friendly features that deliver better performance and help provide protection for infant skin. Continuous innovations in technology and materials have resulted in new generations of disposable diapers that provide extended dryness and reduced leakage. Driven by studies on the skin's response to inherent influences, such as overhydration and irritation, the qualities of disposable diapers today present significant enhancements for skin health compared with earlier disposable versions and even cloth diapers. Over the years, these enhancements in disposable diapers have helped lead to a reduction in incidence and severity of diaper dermatitis. PMID:24961775

Counts, Jennifer L; Helmes, C Tucker; Kenneally, Dianna; Otts, David R

2014-06-24

26

Diagnosis and management of diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

This article presents an overview of diaper dermatitis for the pediatric community. The pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and management of this common condition in infancy are reviewed. This information will assist in making the appropriate diagnosis and managing this irritant contact dermatitis of the diaper area. With conservative management, most cases of irritant diaper dermatitis are self-limited. When the condition persists, one must consider other diagnoses. PMID:24636651

Shin, Helen T

2014-04-01

27

Effects of breathable disposable diapers: reduced prevalence of Candida and common diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Infants wearing breathable disposable diapers experienced significantly less diaper dermatitis (DD) compared to infants wearing standard, nonbreathable disposable diapers in a series of double-blind clinical trials. Severe DD, including confirmed infection with Candida albicans, was reduced by 38-50% among infants wearing highly breathable (HB) diapers. The prevalence of DD was inversely related to the breathability of the garments. The inhibitory effect of breathable diapers on the survival of Candida was further confirmed in controlled experiments with adult volunteers. A suspension of C. albicans cells was applied to delineated sites on the volar forearm. Each site was then covered by a full-thickness patch from either an HB or a standard diaper. Survival of Candida colonies was reduced by almost two-thirds in the breathable diaper-covered sites compared to the control sites. PMID:11576399

Akin, F; Spraker, M; Aly, R; Leyden, J; Raynor, W; Landin, W

2001-01-01

28

Go Naked: Diapers Affect Infant Walking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants' poor balance and wide stance. We show that…

Cole, Whitney G.; Lingeman, Jesse M.; Adolph, Karen E.

2012-01-01

29

Case report: Diaper dermatitis presenting as pustules.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is the most common dermatologic disorder of infancy. Its cause can often be determined clinically based on the clinical presentation. Primary diaper dermatitis is associated with irritants and spares the deep skin folds. Secondary diaper dermatitis is most often caused by Candida yeast overgrowth and typically presents as a well-defined area of beefy red erythema covering the diaper area and including the deep folds of skin with hallmark satellite pustules. Other causes include seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, acrodermatitis enteropathica, allergic contact dermatitis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and, in the setting of a primarily pustular eruption, bacterial folliculitis. A simple potassium hydroxide preparation (KOH) can confirm the diagnosis of candida diaper dermatitis and guide proper treatment. PMID:25362747

Tucker, Ann T; Emerson, Ashley N; Wyatt, Julie P; Brodell, Robert T

2014-09-01

30

Disposable Diaper Absorbency: Improvements via Advanced Designs.  

PubMed

Absorbency effectiveness in diapers has improved significantly in recent years with the advent of new ingredient combinations and advanced design features. With these features, many leading products maintain their dryness performance overnight. Considering the importance of holding liquid away from the skin, ongoing research in diaper construction focuses on strategies to increase the effectiveness to capture liquid and help avoid rewetting of infant skin. The layout and design of a disposable diaper allows for distribution of absorbency features where they can provide the optimal benefit. Clinical evidence indicates materials can keep moisture away from the skin in the diapered area, helping maintain proper skin hydration, minimizing irritation, and contributing to reduced rates of diaper rash. PMID:24961785

Helmes, C Tucker; O'Connor, Robert; Sawyer, Larry; Young, Sharon

2014-06-24

31

Evaluation of the growth of microorganisms on diaper absorbent materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Methods were developed to study the effects of absorbent materials from diapers on microbial survival, growth and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) production under specified in vitro conditions. Growth of representative skin and fecal flora organisms was equivalent in cultures in which materials from cotton cloth diapers, disposable diapers or disposable diapers containing absorbent gelling material were added as

B. H. Keswick

1988-01-01

32

Extended Diaper Wearing: Effects on Continence in and out of the Diaper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diaper use is widespread and possibly even increasing across diverse populations in the United States, ranging from infants to very old adults. We found no reports of an experimental analysis of the effect of wearing diapers on the frequency of urinary accidents and the attainment of continence skills (e.g., urinating in the toilet). In this…

Tarbox, Rachel S. F.; Williams, W. Larry; Friman, Patrick C.

2004-01-01

33

Etiologic factors in diaper dermatitis: a model for development of improved diapers.  

PubMed

Common diaper dermatitis is an episodic disease that results from attack of the skin by physical, chemical, enzymatic, and microbial factors in the diaper environment. A model for the cyclic nature of this disease has been developed which incorporates various roles these factors play as they interact to produce skin with compromised physical properties, and further damage it to produce diaper dermatitis. Resolution occurs naturally or through caretaker intervention, resulting in mean episodic durations of 2-3 days. The model predicts that preventing excessive skin hydration, maintaining skin near its normal physiologic pH, and minimizing interaction of urine and feces (which increases pH and fecal enzyme activity) will result in decreased incidence and severity of diaper dermatitis. PMID:3601827

Berg, R W

1987-01-01

34

Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis: a complication of adult urinary incontinence.  

PubMed

Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis is typically described as a severe irritant dermatitis of the perianal region. However, Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis, perianal pseudoverrucous papules and nodules, and granuloma gluteale infantum/ adultorum have been regarded as discrete entities or all part of the same clinical spectrum, representing the result of chronic, severe, irritant contact dermatitis. We present a case of Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis and a discussion of the clinical spectrum of diseases to which it belongs. PMID:18712028

Van, Livia; Harting, Mandy; Rosen, Ted

2008-07-01

35

Standardized diaper care regimen: a prospective, randomized pilot study on skin barrier function and epidermal IL-1? in newborns.  

PubMed

Adaptation of skin barrier function and interleukin-1? (IL-1?) content in diapered and nondiapered skin are poorly characterized in newborns receiving standard skin care. In a monocentric, prospective pilot study 44 healthy, full-term neonates were randomly assigned to skin care with baby wipes (n = 21) or water-moistened washcloth (n = 23) at each diaper change. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration, skin-pH, IL-1?, and epidermal desquamation were measured on days 2, 14, and 28 postpartum. Microbiological colonization was evaluated at baseline and on day 28. Significantly lower TEWL was found on the buttock in the group using baby wipes compared to water. IL-1? and skin hydration significantly increased and pH decreased independent of skin care regimen. IL-1? was significantly higher in diapered skin compared to nondiapered skin. Although skin care with wipes seems to stabilize TEWL better than using water, the skin condition and microbiological colonization were comparable using both cleansing procedures. Increase of epidermal IL-1? may reflect postnatal skin barrier maturation. These data suggest that neither of the two cleansing procedures harms skin barrier maturation within the first four weeks postpartum. Longer observations on larger populations could provide more insight into postnatal skin barrier maturation. PMID:22260233

Garcia Bartels, Natalie; Massoudy, Lida; Scheufele, Ramona; Dietz, Ekkehart; Proquitté, Hans; Wauer, Roland; Bertin, Christiane; Serrano, José; Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike

2012-01-01

36

Diaper dermatitis: etiology, manifestations, prevention, and management.  

PubMed

Pediatricians and parents report diaper dermatitis (DD) to be one of the most common skin diseases that affects almost every child at some point during the early months and years of life. Diapered skin is exposed to friction and excessive hydration, has a higher pH than nondiapered skin, and is repeatedly soiled with feces that contains enzymes with high irritation potential for the skin. The combination of these factors frequently results in skin damage, leading to visible erythematous lesions that can be irritating and painful to the child. Behavioral changes such as increased crying and agitation and changes in eating and sleeping patterns indicate emotional distress. Appropriate skin care can help to prevent the occurrence of DD and to speed up the healing of affected skin. This includes frequent diaper changes and aeration, gentle cleansing, and the use of a barrier cream. Mild to moderate cases usually resolve after a few days of following this routine, but the use of harsh cleaning products can exacerbate DD. PMID:24224482

Stamatas, Georgios N; Tierney, Neena K

2014-01-01

37

Autosensitisation (Autoeczematisation) reactions in a case of diaper dermatitis candidiasis  

PubMed Central

Diaper dermatitis is the most common cutaneous diagnosis in infants. Most cases are associated with the yeast colonisation of Candida or diaper dermatitis candidiasis (DDC). It is an irritating and inflammatory acute dermatitis in the perineal and perianal areas resulting from the occlusion and irritation caused by diapers. Autoeczematization to a distant focus of dermatophyte infection very rarely presents as DDC. We present a 1-month-old boy with lesion on diaper area (gluteal area, perineum, groin and genitalia) and with clusters of pustules and vesicles on a large erythematous base over the dorsal area of both hands. PMID:25013264

Chirac, Anca; Brzezinski, Piotr; Chiriac, Anca E; Foia, Liliana; Pinteala, Tudor

2014-01-01

38

[Clinical presentation and treatment of diaper dermatitis--part II].  

PubMed

Diaper irritant contact dermatitis is the most prevalent diaper dermatitis and, probably, the most common cause of cutaneous disease in infants. Wearing diapers causes over-hydration and increase of local temperature and humidity. As a consequence, the skin becomes susceptible to friction from movement under the diaper. Occlusion, maceration and possibly Candida and bacteria may all play a role. Oils, soaps and powders can be irritants and aggravate the eruption. The best thing to do is prevention. Treatment is simple and depends on dermatitis type and severity. PMID:19377759

Fernandes, Juliana Dumet; Machado, Maria Cecília Rivitti; Oliveira, Zilda Najjar Prado de

2009-01-01

39

Diaper Need and Its Impact on Child Health  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: This is the first peer-reviewed study to quantify diaper need, propose a method to measure diaper need, and explore psychosocial variables associated with diaper need in a large sample of urban, low-income families. METHODS: Data were derived from a cross-sectional study in 877 pregnant and parenting women. Mothers completed surveys on topics related to mental health, basic needs, and health care use. Logistic regression was used to estimate the relationship between diaper need and psychosocial correlates. RESULTS: Almost 30% of mothers reported diaper need. Hispanic women were significantly more likely to report diaper need than African American women (odds ratio [OR]: 1.96; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.51–3.33), and women ?45 years of age were significantly more likely than women between the ages of 20 and 44 years to report diaper need (OR: 2.53; 95% CI: 1.21–5.28). Women who reported mental health need were significantly more likely than women who did not report mental health need to report diaper need (OR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.16–3.09). CONCLUSIONS: Although a majority of studies have examined family socioeconomic status as income and educational and employment status, emerging research suggests that indicators of material hardship are increasingly important to child health. This study supports this premise with the suggestion that an adequate supply of diapers may prove a tangible way of reducing parenting stress, a critical factor influencing child health and development. There is potential for pediatric providers to inquire about diaper need and refer families to a local diaper distribution service as 1 method to reduce parenting stress. PMID:23897910

Kruse, Anna; Weir, Alison; Goldblum, Joanne

2013-01-01

40

Atypical diaper dermatitis: contact allergy to mercapto compounds.  

PubMed

We present a case of allergic contact dermatitis in an 18-month-old boy caused by type-IV allergy to mercapto mix and mercaptobenzothiazole as components of the elastic border of diapers. Allergic contact dermatitis should be included in the differential diagnosis of diaper dermatitis, especially in difficult-to-treat cases or atypical clinical presentation. PMID:22082471

Onken, Anna Theresa; Baumstark, Julia; Belloni, Benedetta; Ring, Johannes; Schnopp, Christina

2011-01-01

41

Candida — Agent of the diaper dermatitis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occurrence ofCandida spp. was determined in a population of 60 infants, 1–15-month-old, with diaper dermatitis, admitted to a neonatal intensive\\u000a care unit inHospital Šaca (Košice, Slovakia). Specimens were obtained from the perianal, pubic, inguinal, or gluteal areas that showed signs of secondary\\u000a infection as manifested by erythema, oozing, vesiculopustular lesions, and pus formation. The most frequently isolated species\\u000a wasC. albicans

E. Dorko; S. Virágová; E. Pilip?inec; L’. Tká?iková

2003-01-01

42

Nappy (diaper) rash: what else besides irritant contact dermatitis?  

PubMed

Nappy (diaper) rash is a common cutaneous disorder of infancy, and diverse dermatoses may affect this region. To perform a differential diagnosis can be challenging. We present four cases to emphasise the importance of clinical diagnosis. PMID:25368136

Carvalho, Vânia Oliveira; Robl, Renata; Uber, Marjorie; Abagge, Kerstin Taniguchi; Marinoni, Leide Parolin; Presa, Juliana Gomes Loyola

2014-11-01

43

A forgotten complication of diaper dermatitis: Granuloma gluteale infantum  

PubMed Central

Granuloma Gluteale Infantum (GGI) is a rare condition of unclear etiology,[1] presenting as asymptomatic cherry red nodules in the diaper area appearing in the setting of primary irritant contact dermatitis.[2] A 50 day old infant with GGI is presented to emphasize that the condition may be easily missed, and that it may result from the misuse of fluorinated topical steroids used to treat a rash in the diaper area. This is the first case reported from Saudi Arabia. PMID:21359035

Al-Faraidy, Nadya A.; Al-Natour, Sahar H.

2010-01-01

44

A forgotten complication of diaper dermatitis: Granuloma gluteale infantum.  

PubMed

Granuloma Gluteale Infantum (GGI) is a rare condition of unclear etiology,[1] presenting as asymptomatic cherry red nodules in the diaper area appearing in the setting of primary irritant contact dermatitis.[2] A 50 day old infant with GGI is presented to emphasize that the condition may be easily missed, and that it may result from the misuse of fluorinated topical steroids used to treat a rash in the diaper area. This is the first case reported from Saudi Arabia. PMID:21359035

Al-Faraidy, Nadya A; Al-Natour, Sahar H

2010-05-01

45

Clinical Evaluation of Bacteriostatic Soap in Diaper Dermatitis Prophylaxis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis--A clinical study was conducted in the New York City area using 100 infants with a history of diaper rash but who were not suffering from diaper rash at the beginning of the study. Fifty infants were bathed with an antibacterial soap containing 0.75% hexachloro- phene and 0.75  3,4,4 -trichlorocarbanilide; 50 infants were bathed with the same soap with-

EMANUEL DUBOW; BRUCE E. ELLICKSON

46

Documentation of impaired epidermal barrier in mild and moderate diaper dermatitis in vivo using noninvasive methods.  

PubMed

The presence of irritants from feces and urine with the concurrent mechanical friction and occlusion creates an environment in the diapered area that renders the skin prone to diaper dermatitis. Besides being a source of discomfort to the infant, these skin irritations pose a risk of secondary infections. In this study, we used noninvasive in vivo techniques to define measurable parameters that correlate with diaper dermatitis pathophysiology. In 35 infants (16 with mild or moderate and 19 without diaper dermatitis) we compared skin of diapered areas afflicted with diaper dermatitis to lesion-free diapered sites and to skin outside the diapered area (thigh). Our findings show significantly elevated cutaneous erythema, pH, and hydration, with significantly compromised water barrier function in involved areas compared to nonlesional sites both within and outside the diapered area. Furthermore, skin pH in nonlesional diapered skin for the diaper dermatitis cohort was significantly higher compared to the nondiapered sites. These observations are consistent with the current understanding of pathological skin changes in diaper dermatitis. In this study, we demonstrate that noninvasive methods can document relevant parameters to diaper dermatitis in vivo. PMID:21504443

Stamatas, Georgios N; Zerweck, Charles; Grove, Gary; Martin, Katharine M

2011-01-01

47

Baby Tales  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site helps students learn about the conception and development of various baby animals. Users can click on "breeding" to get some basic information about the different factors that determine the breeding period. They can then click on the breeding calendar and maneuver through all the months with the orange arrows on each side. The calendar has various animals listed in their correct breeding time. Students can click on an animal to bring up information on that animal's breeding season, number of babies in a litter, and weaning time. Next, students can click on "gestation" to receive some basic information about the development of the baby. They can then click on the gestation graph to see how long each baby takes to develop from conception to birth. Again, students will navigate through this graph using the arrows on each side of the graph.

Science NetLinks (PBS; )

2008-04-29

48

Continuous Topical Administration of a Petrolatum Formulation by a Novel Disposable Diaper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Cutaneous problems are commonly associated with the use of diapers. Aiming to help reduce them, we have explored the use of the inner layer of diapers as a means to deliver to the skin dermatological formulations intended to help protect it from overhydration and irritation. Objective: To determine the feasibility of using the inner layer of the diaper as

Mauricio R. Odio; Robert J. O’Connor; Frank Sarbaugh; Sue Baldwin

2000-01-01

49

Continuous Topical Administration of a Petrolatum Formulation by a Novel Disposable Diaper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Diaper dermatitis is a common childhood affliction. Aiming to help reduce the prevalence of this problem, we have developed a novel diaper to deliver to the skin dermatological formulations intended to help protect the skin from overhydration and irritation. Objective: To determine the clinical benefits of a novel disposable diaper designed to deliver a petrolatum-based formulation continuously to the

Mauricio R. Odio; Robert J. O’Connor; Frank Sarbaugh; Sue Baldwin

2000-01-01

50

Disposable diapers biodegradation by the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus.  

PubMed

This research assesses the feasibility of degrading used disposable diapers, an important component (5-15% in weight) of urban solid waste in Mexico, by the activity of the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus, also known as oyster mushroom. Disposable diapers contain polyethylene, polypropylene and a super absorbent polymer. Nevertheless, its main component is cellulose, which degrades slowly. P. ostreatus has been utilized extensively to degrade cellulosic materials of agroindustrial sources, using in situ techniques. The practice has been extended to the commercial farming of the mushroom. This degradation capacity was assayed to reduce mass and volume of used disposable diapers. Pilot laboratory assays were performed to estimate the usefulness of the following variables on conditioning of used diapers before they act as substrate for P. ostreatus: (1) permanence vs removal of plastic cover; (2) shredding vs grinding; (3) addition of grape wastes to improve structure, nitrogen and trace elements content. Wheat straw was used as a positive control. After 68 days, decrease of the mass of diapers and productivity of fungus was measured. Weight and volume of degradable materials was reduced up to 90%. Cellulose content was diminished in 50% and lignine content in 47%. The highest efficiency for degradation of cellulosic materials corresponded to the substrates that showed highest biological efficiency, which varied from 0% to 34%. Harvested mushrooms had good appearance and protein content and were free of human disease pathogens. This research indicates that growing P. ostreatus on disposable diapers could be a good alternative for two current problems: reduction of urban solid waste and availability of high protein food sources. PMID:21474296

Espinosa-Valdemar, Rosa María; Turpin-Marion, Sylvie; Delfín-Alcalá, Irma; Vázquez-Morillas, Alethia

2011-08-01

51

What causes the "wet diaper" artifact? computed tomography and magnetic resonance observations.  

PubMed

Disposable diapers contain super absorbent polymers that absorb liquid. A radio-dense artifact, seen when the diaper is wet, obscures radiographic information but is frequently misinterpreted. Our purpose was to examine this artifact on CT and MR to further clarify and explain its origin. Dry and wet diapers were imaged. Fluid within the wet diaper appeared as small nodules with characteristics of bound water. No free water was detected. Dry diapers produced no artifact. The artifact is most undesirable on radiographs, but does not obscure diagnostic information on cross-sectional imaging. It should not be misinterpreted as contrast. PMID:19411030

Markowitz, Richard I; Altes, Talissa A; Jaramillo, Diego

2009-01-01

52

Shampoo-Clay Heals Diaper Rash Faster Than Calendula Officinalis  

PubMed Central

Background: Diaper rash is one of the most common skin disorders of infancy and childhood. Some studies have shown that Shampoo-clay was effective to treat chronic dermatitis. Then, it is supposed that it may be effective in diaper rash; however, no published studies were found in this regard. Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effects of Shampoo-clay (S.C) and Calendula officinalis (C.O) to improve infantile diaper rash. Patients and Methods: A randomized, double blind, parallel controlled, non-inferiority trial was conducted on 60 outpatient infants referred to health care centers or pediatric clinics in Khomein city and diagnosed with diaper rash. Patients were randomly assigned into two treatment groups including S.C group (n = 30) and C.O group (n = 30) by using one to one allocation ratio. The rate of complete recovery in three days was the primary outcome. Data was collected using a checklist and analyzed using t-test, Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests and risk ratio. Results: Totally, 93.3% of lesions in the S.C group healed in the first 6 hours, while this rate was 40% in C.O group (P < 0.001). The healing ratio for improvement in the first 6 hours was 7 times more in the S.C group. In addition, 90% of infants in the SC group and 36.7% in the C.O group were improved completely in the first 3 days (P < 0.001). Conclusions: S.C was effective to heal diaper rash, and also had faster effects compared to C.O. PMID:25414900

Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Mahmoudi, Mansoreh; Mashaiekhi, Mahdi

2014-01-01

53

Babies Need Tummy Time  

MedlinePLUS

... Head FAQs Myths and Facts Babies Need Tummy Time! Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... of your baby’s normal growth. What Is Tummy Time? Tummy Time describes the times when you place ...

54

Breastfeed Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... fact, giving babies rice cereal, baby food, or formula during the first 6 months can keep them ... illness Is easier for babies to digest than formula Benefits for you Breastfeeding: Can save your family ...

55

Sand Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math lesson, learners explore and investigate measurement using standard and non-standard units. First, learners round their birth weight to the nearest pound and construct a bar graph displaying the weights of the entire group. Next, learners measure and place enough sand into a plastic bag to equal their birth weight. With construction paper, crayons and markers, they draw a head, arms, and legs and turn the bags into sand babies. At centers, learners also investigate other types of measurements using non-standard plastic links to measure parts of their body and square tiles to measure the area of a footprint.

2013-07-30

56

Making Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed to introduce learners to genes, genotypes and simple inheritance patterns. In this activity, learners make guesses about their own genotype, create gametes from their genotypes, then make “babies” with a partner. Along the way, learners discover answers to the questions such as: What are genes? How are genes (and traits) passed on? How are gametes different than other cells in our body? Why don’t siblings look alike? This activity is designed to be used in conjunction with the "Human Traits" activity from the same resource but can be used alone.

Irene Salter

2012-04-09

57

Exogenous Cushing syndrome: a lesson of diaper rash cream.  

PubMed

A prolonged use of topical corticosteroids can result in Cushing syndrome, though this is less common than with oral or parenteral steroids. Most pediatric cases were due to application of topical steroids for diaper dermatitis. Adverse cardiovascular effects can occur in Cushing syndrome with significant long-term morbidity and mortality, though so far there have been no reports of cardiovascular complications due to excessive usage of topical steroids. We report a 2.5-month-old boy who rapidly developed severe Cushing syndrome induced by the misuse of topical clobetasol, a very potent steroid, without a doctor's prescription as a diaper rash cream, and developed moderate left ventricular hypertrophy and pericardial effusion. PMID:25300899

Ho, Cindy Wei-Li; Loke, Kah Yin; Lim, Yvonne Yi-Juan; Lee, Yung Seng

2014-01-01

58

Diaper DermatitisValue of Vitamin A Topically Applied  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of vitamin A in preventing diaper dermatitis was evaluated in a double-blind, randomized, prospective study in which 114 newborns were enrolled over an 11-month period. Patients in Group A (58 infants) were treated with a cream that contained 1,000 IU\\/g of vitamin A, whereas patients in Group B (56 infants) were treated with a cream that had the

Josep Ma Bosch-Banyeras; Margarida Catalŕ; Pilar Mas; Josep LI Simón; Artur Puig

1988-01-01

59

Clinical approaches to skin cleansing of the diaper area: practice and challenges.  

PubMed

Cleansing and care of the diaper area require special consideration to maintain barrier function of the skin in this area and repair the barrier when it is compromised. Diaper dermatitis occurs commonly; understanding and modification of predisposing factors are imperative for caregivers. In this paper, we review important factors in diaper area care, including skin pH, the local microbiome, irritant and allergic potential of contactants, and application of topical agents. PMID:25403931

Coughlin, Carrie C; Frieden, Ilona J; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

2014-11-01

60

BabyCenter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyCenter, provided by BabyCenter, Inc., aims to be a clearinghouse of information for expectant or new parents. Users can consult the Baby Monitor (digests of late breaking news), an interactive baby namer, an Ask the Experts section, and several relevant calculators (including an immunization scheduler, a due date calculator, and a budgeting for baby estimator). The site also contains various short articles in six major areas including pregnancy, family life, and working parents.

61

EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT TO DIOXINS FROM THE USE OF TAMPONS AND DIAPERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Exposure Assessment to Dioxins from the Use of Tampons and Diapers Michael J. DeVito and Arnold Schecter Abstract Methods: Four brands of tampons and four brands of infant diapers were analyzed for dioxin concentrations. Exposures to dioxins were modeled using parti...

62

Stop Disease: Diapering Procedures = Alto a las Enfermedades: Procedimientos para Cambiar Panales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of disease in California child care programs, this set of laminated procedure pages, in English and Spanish versions, details infant and child care procedures for safe diapering. The document delineates important rules about diapering, gives directions for making a disinfecting solution, and provides…

California Child Care Health Program, Oakland.

63

Finger Foods for Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... baby probably will love the taste of cookies, cake, and other sweets, but do not introduce them ... to rush your baby into trying triple-chocolate cake or some other family favorite. Politely and firmly ...

64

Your Colicky Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... of swallowing too much air while crying. Some theories suggest that colic happens when food moves too ... baby's digestive system or is incompletely digested. Other theories are that colic is due to a baby's ...

65

Baby feeding patterns  

MedlinePLUS

... milk is digested more rapidly than cow's milk formula. Breastfed babies usually require feeding every 1 - 3 ... becoming engorged and stopping the production of milk. Formula-fed babies usually require feeding about every 2 - ...

66

The Physics of Babies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the 2011 birth of my daughter I have been a 100% as a stay-at-home dad and 50% researcher. My ``Routine Adventures'' in the baby universe are the subject of this fun talk that presents the unique challenges of baby physics. Topics include ``Schroedinger's Baby'' and ``The Entropy of Rice.''

Shemella, Philip

2013-03-01

67

Hydrogels: a journey from diapers to gene delivery.  

PubMed

Hydrogels are the biomaterials comprising network of natural or synthetic polymers capable of absorbing large amount of water. Hydrogels are "Smart Gels" or "Intelligent Gels" which can be made to respond to the various environmental conditions like temperature, pH, magnetic/electric field, ionic strength, inflammation, external stress etc. There are numerous potential applications of hydrogels in modern day life ranging from a diaper to gene delivery. This review succinctly describes the classification, properties and preparation methods along with numerous diverse applications of hydrogels like agricultural hydrogels, hydrogel for drug delivery, sensing, dental adhesives, wound healing and tissue regeneration, diet aid and gastric retention and in tissue engineering etc. Hydrogels can be regarded as highly valuable biomaterials for human-beings. PMID:24387710

Chawla, Pooja; Srivastava, Alok Ranjan; Pandey, Priyanka; Chawla, Viney

2014-02-01

68

Diabetic ketoacidosis in toddler with a diaper rash.  

PubMed

The term diabetes does not denote a single disease entity but rather a clinical syndrome. Fundamental to all types of diabetes is impairment of insulin secretion by the pancreatic beta cells. Diabetes is divided into (1) diabetes associated with certain syndromes or conditions, (2) gestational diabetes, (3) non-insulin-dependent diabetes or type 2 diabetes, and (4) insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) or type 1 diabetes. The impairment of insulin secretion seen in diabetes is due to progressive loss of pancreatic beta-cell function secondary to an autoimmune-mediated process. Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder of childhood (2). We present a patient with a common finding in children, diaper candidiasis. Surprisingly, our patient was found to have IDDM and be in diabetic ketoacidosis. PMID:18774050

Williams, Mark D; Sallee, Don; Robinson, Matthew

2008-09-01

69

EVALUATION OF DISPOSABLE DIAPERS FOR QUANTATIVE MEASUREMENTS OF PESTICIDE METABOLITES AND CREATININE IN URINE SAMPLES  

EPA Science Inventory

This project consisted of a laboratory study to evaluate an extraction and analysis method for quantifying biomarkers of pesticide exposure and creatinine in urine samples collected with commercially-available disposable diapers. For large exposure studies, such as the National ...

70

Diaper area skin microflora of normal children and children with atopic dermatitis.  

PubMed Central

In vitro studies established that neither cloth nor disposable diapers demonstrably contributed to the growth of Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Staphylococcus aureus, or Candida albicans when urine was present as a growth medium. In a clinical study of 166 children, the microbial skin flora of children with atopic dermatitis was compared with the flora of children with normal skin to determine the influence of diaper type. No biologically significant differences were detected between groups wearing disposable or cloth diapers in terms of frequency of isolation or log mean recovery of selected skin flora. Repeated isolation of S. aureus correlated with atopic dermatitis. The log mean recovery of S. aureus was higher in the atopic groups. The effects of each diaper type on skin microflora were equivalent in the normal and atopic populations. PMID:3546360

Keswick, B H; Seymour, J L; Milligan, M C

1987-01-01

71

Comparison of the effect of human milk and topical hydrocortisone 1% on diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin problems in infants and children, affecting between 7% and 35% of infants. This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of hydrocortisone 1% ointment with that of human breast milk in treating acute diaper dermatitis in infants ages 0 to 24 months. Infants with diaper rash were treated with either hydrocortisone 1% ointment (n = 70) or human breast milk (n = 71) for 7 days. Improvement in the rash from baseline was seen in both treatment groups on days 3 and 7; there was no significant difference in total rash scores on days 3 and 7. Treatment with human breast milk was as effective as hydrocortisone 1% ointment alone. Human breast milk is an effective and safe treatment for diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:23600719

Farahani, Leila Amiri; Ghobadzadeh, Maryam; Yousefi, Parsa

2013-01-01

72

Effect of diaper cream and wet wipes on skin barrier properties in infants: a prospective randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

The effect of different diaper care procedures on skin barrier function in infants has been minimally investigated and may be assessed using objective methods. In a single-center, prospective trial, 89 healthy 9-month-old infants (±8 wks) were randomly assigned to three diaper care regimens: group I used water-moistened washcloths at diaper changes (n = 30), group II additionally applied diaper cream twice daily (n = 28), and group III used wet wipes and diaper cream twice daily (n = 31). Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration (SCH), skin pH, interleukin 1? (IL-1?) levels, and microbiologic colonization were measured in diapered skin (upper outer quadrant of the buttocks), nondiapered skin (upper leg), and if diaper dermatitis (DD) occurred, using the most affected skin area at day 1 and weeks 4 and 8. Skin condition was assessed utilizing a neonatal skin condition score and diaper rash grade. On diapered skin, SCH decreased in groups II and III, whereas TEWL values were reduced in group II only. Skin pH increased in groups II and III. In general, SCH, skin pH, and IL-1? levels were higher in healthy diapered skin than in nondiapered skin. The incidence and course of DD was comparable in all groups. Areas with DD had greater TEWL and skin pH than unaffected skin areas. Infants who received diaper cream had lower SCH and TEWL and higher pH levels in the diapered area than on nondiapered skin. No correlation with the occurrence of DD was found. PMID:25424209

Garcia Bartels, Natalie; Lünnemann, Lena; Stroux, Andrea; Kottner, Jan; Serrano, José; Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike

2014-01-01

73

Improving diaper design to address incontinence associated dermatitis  

PubMed Central

Background Incontinence associated dermatitis (IAD) is an inflammatory skin disease mainly triggered by prolonged skin contact with urine, feces but also liberal detergent use when cleansing the skin. To minimize the epidermal barrier challenge we optimized the design of adult incontinence briefs. In the fluid absorption area we interposed a special type of acidic, curled-type of cellulose between the top sheet in contact with the skin and the absorption core beneath containing the polyacrylate superabsorber. The intention was to minimize disturbance of the already weak acid mantle of aged skin. We also employed air-permeable side panels to minimize skin occlusion and swelling of the stratum corneum. Methods The surface pH of diapers was measured after repeated wetting with a urine substitute fluid at the level of the top sheet. Occlusive effects and hydration of the stratum corneum were measured after a 4 hour application of different side panel materials by corneometry on human volunteers. Finally, we evaluated skin symptoms in 12 patients with preexisting IAD for 21 days following the institutional switch to the optimized diaper design. Local skin care protocols remained in place unchanged. Results The improved design created a surface pH of 4.6 which was stable even after repeated wetting throughout a 5 hour period. The "standard design" briefs had values of 7.1, which is alkaline compared to the acidic surface of normal skin. Side panels made from non-woven material with an air-permeability of more than 1200 l/m2/s avoided excessive hydration of the stratum corneum when compared to the commonly employed air-impermeable plastic films. Resolution of pre-existing IAD skin lesions was noted in 8 out of 12 patients after the switch to the optimized brief design. Conclusions An improved design of adult-type briefs can create an acidic pH on the surface and breathable side panels avoid over-hydration of the stratum corneum and occlusion. This may support the epidermal barrier function and may help to reduce the occurrence of IAD. PMID:21092161

2010-01-01

74

Baby M: babies (and justice) for sale.  

PubMed

A professor of health law criticizes the decisions of New Jersey Superior Court Judge Harvey R. Sorkow which culminated in his awarding permanent custody of Baby M to her biological father, William Stern. Annas quotes from the In re Baby M decision and from the contract between Stern and his wife and surrogate mother Mary Beth Whitehead to support his contention that Sorkow "rendered a sermon filled with contradictions, double-standards, inapt analogies, and unsupported conclusions." He argues that legally Mrs. Whitehead could not have prospectively waived her right to rear a child she bore, that Sorkow was biased in favor of the "upper-middle-class Sterns," and that consideration should be given to returning Baby M to Mrs. Whitehead. He urges state legislatures to outlaw the sale of children, to affirm the legal status of the gestational mother, and to forbid a surrogate's relinquishment of parental rights until after her child's birth. PMID:3610624

Annas, G J

1987-06-01

75

Re-emergence of papulonodular napkin dermatitis with use of reusable diapers: report of 5 cases.  

PubMed

The use of reusable diapers, often made of cotton and bamboo material, is becoming more widespread in France--with the "eco" fashion, as they are considered more natural, ecologic and economic. We report 5 cases of papulonodular lesions in convex skin areas associated with the use of these diapers in infants. One case was typical Sevestre and Jacquet erosive dermatitis. The 4 others presented skin-coloured umbilicated papules or nodules with slight or no erythema and could be considered early-stage Sevestre and Jacquet erosive dermatitis, granuloma gluteale (1 case) or pseudo-verrucous papules. These 3 diagnoses probably belong to the same disease spectrum, proposed as "irritant napkin papulonodules". Napkin lesions occurred subsequent to 1) in all cases, use of reusable diapers, which are probably less absorbent than disposable diapers; 2) in 2 cases, insufficient food, which was responsible for lack of weight gain and delayed healing; and 3) in 1 case, diarrhea, which worsened the moisture. We alert physicians to possible papulonodular napkin dermatitis in infants wearing reusable diapers. PMID:23557992

Maruani, Annabel; Lorette, Gérard; Barbarot, Sébastien; Potier, Alexandra; Bessis, Didier; Hasselmann, Caroline; Mazereeuw-Hautier, Juliette

2013-04-01

76

baby knitting patterns baby patterns from knittingdaily  

E-print Network

it for is nothing short of irresistible. The magical part is knowing that when you knit for Baby, you are knitting're not just knitting for practicality or warmth; you're knitting to create a family heirloom. Here, I

77

Baby powder use in infant skin care. Parental knowledge and determinants of powder usage.  

PubMed

One hundred parents of infants aged 2 weeks to 6 months were surveyed at the time of routine well-child visits to assess parental knowledge about baby powder and to determine whether hospital policy of providing a free powder sample to newly delivered mothers was unwittingly promoting powder usage. Most parents (69%) reported regular baby powder use as part of routine infant skin care. Powder-users were significantly more likely than nonusers to attribute to baby powder the ability to kill bacteria and yeast and to prevent diaper rash (p less than 0.01). Even among nonusers, fewer than half were aware that aspiration/ingestion of baby powder was a potential health hazard. Almost all parents reported receiving a free sample of baby powder while in the hospital as part of a complimentary gift pack provided by the manufacturers. Most powder-users were currently using a brand they had received as a sample, and eight parents cited the receipt of a sample as the major determinant for selecting a particular brand of powder. The short- and long-term effects of distributing sample packs to newly delivered parents deserve further study. PMID:6697622

Hayden, G F; Sproul, G T

1984-03-01

78

Urinary ammonia and ammonia-producing microorganisms in infants with and without diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Free ammonia was determined in diaper squeezings from 26 infants with "ammoniacal dermatitis" and in 82 controls. No significant difference was found (402 ppm in diaper dermatitis compared to 465 in controls). The groups did not differ with regard to the incidence of organisms capable of splitting ammonia from urea. Experimental application of highly ammoniacal urine on intact infant and adult skin failed to provoke a dermatitis. Erythema could be induced only when ammoniacal urine was applied occlusively to scarified skin. These findings do not support the notion that ammonia is a primary factor in common diaper rash, but do not exclude a possible role for further irritation in an already existent condition. PMID:596897

Leyden, J J; Katz, S; Stewart, R; Kligman, A M

1977-12-01

79

Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)  

MedlinePLUS

... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...

80

Bonding with Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... baby feel the different textures of dad's face Building a Support System Of course, it's easier to ... can take nearly all of your attention and energy — especially for a breastfeeding mom. Bonding will be ...

81

Feeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... to Order Bottles Feeding FAQs Bottle Adaptations Movie Credits Terms & Conditions Feeding Your Baby Booklet Parents and ... Help Send us Feedback Terms and Conditions | Movie Credits Click here for the booklet version of our ...

82

Baby's First Test  

MedlinePLUS

... First Test Learn about our initiative. » View more Innovation in Newborn Screening The latest research, news and funding opportunities » View more Innovation About Baby's First Test Contact Us Health Disclaimer ...

83

Your Baby's Environment  

MedlinePLUS

... paint and certain toys Frequently Asked Questions Are plastic baby bottles that use BPA & phthalates safe? Scientists ... Administration has expressed concerns about chemicals used in plastics. BPA is used to make plastics clear, strong ...

84

Your Premature Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... sometimes happens 2 to 3 weeks after a premature birth. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) . This is an abnormal ... likely due to individual differences, rather than to premature birth. Some very small babies take longer to catch ...

85

Battle the Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive game, learners compare their music-listening skills with that of a three-month-old baby. This game challenges learners to listen to pairs of tunes and detect whether their rhythm or melody is the same or different. Three-month-old babies can recognize rhythms and a series of notes as a melody. They often hear subtle changes to melodies and rhythm that adults sometimes miss. Requires a computer with speakers or headphones.

Science Museum of Minnesota

2012-06-26

86

Infants & Toddlers: "Baby Moves"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By three to four months of age, most babies placed on their tummies on a safe, warm surface push down with their arms and raise their chests, so that they can turn their heads to look about at the world around them. By five months, babies stretch both feet and hands upward in order to swipe at interesting mobiles placed overhead. At seven to nine…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2007-01-01

87

The ESCRT machinery  

PubMed Central

Summary The endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) assemble into a multisubunit machinery that performs a topologically unique membrane bending and scission reaction away from the cytoplasm. This evolutionarily highly conserved process is required for the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway, cytokinesis and HIV budding. The modular setup of the machinery with five distinct ESCRT complexes (ESCRT-0, -I, -II, -III and the Vps4 complex) that have a clear division of tasks — from interaction with ubiquitinated membrane proteins to membrane deformation and abscission — allows them to be flexibly integrated into these three very different biological processes (Figure 1). PMID:22361144

Schmidt, Oliver; Teis, David

2012-01-01

88

No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a…

Schiller, Ellen; Yezierski, Ellen

2009-01-01

89

"JCE" Classroom Activity #106. Sequestration of Divalent Metal Ion by Superabsorbent Polymer in Diapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity explores an alternative use of a superabsorbent polymer known as a water absorbing material. A dilute solution of CuCl[subscript 2] is treated with a small piece of unused disposable diaper containing superabsorbent sodium polyacrylates. The polymer is used for the removal of Cu[superscript 2+] ions from the solution. The…

Chen, Yueh-Huey; Lin, Jia-Ying; Lin, Li-Pin; Liang, Han; Yaung, Jing-Fun

2010-01-01

90

The effects of Bentonite and Calendula on the improvement of infantile diaper dermatitis  

PubMed Central

Background: Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin disorders of infancy and childhood. The present study aimed to compare the effects of Bentonite and Calendula on the improvement of diaper dermatitis in infants. Materials and Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled trial, which was conducted on 60 out-patient infants referred to health care centers or pediatric clinics in Khomein city and diagnosed with diaper dermatitis. Data were collected by checklist and observation, and analyzed using t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test. Results: Mean (standard error) age of the total sample was 6.55 ± 0.69 months. Totally, 93.3% of lesions in the Bentonite group started its recovery in the first 6 h, while this rate was 40% in Calendula group (P < 0.001). Furthermore, 90% of infants in the Bentonite group and 36.7% in the Calendula group were improved completely in the first 3 days (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Bentonite was effective on the improvement of diaper dermatitis, and also had faster effects compared with Calendula. PMID:25097603

Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen; Mahmoudi, Mansoreh; Mashaiekhi, Mahdi

2014-01-01

91

Anti-fungal resistance in candida isolated from oral and diaper rash candidiasis in neonates  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the sensitivity of Candida species isolated from oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis infections in children. The children referring to private and public clinics in Ilam, Iran were exmined for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. In this study, 248 oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis samples were collected and cultured.Candida species were identified by using standard methods. Resistance and sensitivity to amphotericin B, nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, clotrimazole, and posaconazole were determined using the CLSI M44-A standard disk diffusion method. From the 248 studied samples, 149 were positive for Candida, among which the Candida albicans was the most prevalent (64.4%). The resistance of different Candida species to nystatin, itraconazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole were 4, 43, 34.2, 34.9, 21.5, 6, and 6.7%, respectively. No resistance to amphotericin B was observed. Considering rather low resistance to nystatin, this drug is the best choice for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. PMID:25512681

Mohamadi, Jasem; Motaghi, Mahsa; panahi, Jafar; Havasian, Mohamad Reza; Delpisheh, Ali; Azizian, Mitra; Pakzad, Iraj

2014-01-01

92

Anti-fungal resistance in candida isolated from oral and diaper rash candidiasis in neonates.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the sensitivity of Candida species isolated from oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis infections in children. The children referring to private and public clinics in Ilam, Iran were exmined for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. In this study, 248 oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis samples were collected and cultured.Candida species were identified by using standard methods. Resistance and sensitivity to amphotericin B, nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, clotrimazole, and posaconazole were determined using the CLSI M44-A standard disk diffusion method. From the 248 studied samples, 149 were positive for Candida, among which the Candida albicans was the most prevalent (64.4%). The resistance of different Candida species to nystatin, itraconazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole, voriconazole, and posaconazole were 4, 43, 34.2, 34.9, 21.5, 6, and 6.7%, respectively. No resistance to amphotericin B was observed. Considering rather low resistance to nystatin, this drug is the best choice for oral candidiasis and diaper dermatitis. PMID:25512681

Mohamadi, Jasem; Motaghi, Mahsa; Panahi, Jafar; Havasian, Mohamad Reza; Delpisheh, Ali; Azizian, Mitra; Pakzad, Iraj

2014-01-01

93

Unusual report of diaper rash in a premature infant with group B streptococcal infection.  

PubMed

We present the case of a 980-g, female, premature infant with a late-onset maternofetal sepsis, of which the first sign was a diaper-shaped cellulitis. This dermatologic sign in a premature infant is very unusual and needs prompt investigation. Late-onset group B Streptococcus infection can be manifested by a cellulitis-adenitis syndrome. PMID:16874180

Wirth, Jessica; Raymond, Josette; Lapillonne, Alexandre

2006-08-01

94

5. INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING GATE OPERATING MACHINERY. NOTE: MACHINERY IS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING GATE OPERATING MACHINERY. NOTE: MACHINERY IS NOT ORIGINAL. - Old Croton Aqueduct, Mill River Waste Weir, U.S. Route 9 at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Tarrytown, Westchester County, NY

95

73. Original engineering drawings sheet 17: Machinery Girders and Machinery ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

73. Original engineering drawings sheet 17: Machinery Girders and Machinery Enclosure. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

96

Agriculture Power and Machinery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist vocational agriculture teachers who are teaching secondary- or postsecondary-level courses in agricultural power and machinery. The materials presented are based on the Arizona validated occupational competencies and tasks for the following occupations: service manager, shop foreman, service technician, and tractor…

Rogers, Tom

97

Agriculture Education. Farm Machinery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed for group instruction of secondary agricultural education students enrolled in one or two semester-long courses in farm machinery. The guide presents units of study in the following areas: (1) small gas engines, (2) job opportunities, (3) tractors, (4) engines, (5) hydraulics, (6) electrical system, (7) combine…

Stuttgart Public Schools, AR.

98

When Babies Scream: Why Babies Scream and What to Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a baby screams, that is a signal that all is not well for the body of the baby, for her emotional well-being, and/or for the baby's relationship with the teacher. During the first year of life, infants learn that adults are in control of providing reassuring care. Adults will "make things better" when a baby's tummy feels horribly empty, when…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

99

Visiting your baby in the NICU  

MedlinePLUS

... an enclosed, see-through plastic crib called an incubator. This special crib will: Keep your baby warm. ... your baby’s skin through the openings of the incubator. As your baby grows and improves, you will ...

100

[Babies with cranial deformity].  

PubMed

Plagiocephaly was diagnosed in a baby aged 4 months and brachycephaly in a baby aged 5 months. Positional or deformational plagio- or brachycephaly is characterized by changes in shape and symmetry of the cranial vault. Treatment options are conservative and may include physiotherapy and helmet therapy. During the last two decades the incidence of positional plagiocephaly has increased in the Netherlands. This increase is due to the recommendation that babies be laid on their backs in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. We suggest the following: in cases of positional preference of the infant, referral to a physiotherapist is indicated. In cases of unacceptable deformity of the cranium at the age 5 months, moulding helmet therapy is a possible treatment option. PMID:19857299

Feijen, Michelle M W; Claessens, Edith A W M Habets; Dovens, Anke J Leenders; Vles, Johannes S; van der Hulst, Rene R W J

2009-01-01

101

Machinery Vibration Survey Test Report  

E-print Network

Machinery Vibration Survey Test Report UC Berkeley ­ Birge Hall Prepared For: Patrick Macardle Capital Projects 1936 University Ave, 2nd floor Berkeley, CA 94720-1380 Type of Test: Machinery Vibration

Packard, Richard E.

102

Mom and Baby Skin Care  

MedlinePLUS

... and baby skin care Mom and baby skin care Skin care concerns during and after pregnancy Melasma Also known ... chilled product can help alleviate the itch. Hair care concerns during and after pregnancy Excessive hair growth ...

103

Healthy Mouth for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... talks with Maria? Protect your baby's teeth with fluoride Check and clean your baby's teeth Feed your ... dentist say?” asked Ann. “She told me that fluoride protects teeth. She also said to feed my ...

104

Healthy Mouth for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... start! 1. Protect your baby’s teeth with fluoride. Fluoride (said like floor-eyed ) protects teeth from tooth decay. It can even heal early decay. Fluoride is in the drinking water of many towns ...

105

Health Issues of Premature Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... because the lungs of preterm babies often lack surfactant, a liquid substance that allows the lungs to remain expanded. Treatment: Artificial surfactants can be used to treat these babies, along ...

106

How Active Is Your Baby?  

MedlinePLUS

... Effective and Safe, Study Finds Mom's Stress During Pregnancy Can Affect Baby's Iron Status Preventing and Treating Flat Head Syndrome in Babies Healthy Children Radio: Measles and Immunizations (Audio) Food Fights New Mother's Guide to Breastfeeding, ...

107

Rotating-Machinery Critical Speeds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer program available from COSMIC provides quick, efficient, and accurate results in support of preliminary and proposed rotating-machinery designs. Advanced rotating-machinery design is iterative process in early stages of development. New program provides timely, critical-speed calculations to support preliminary rotating-machinery designs.

Beatty, R. F.; Mowers, A. L.; Mogil, E.

1983-01-01

108

Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

2009-01-01

109

Positioning your baby for breastfeeding  

MedlinePLUS

... Adjust your baby’s position if you need to. FOOTBALL HOLD Use the football hold if you had a C-section. This ... large breasts or flat nipples also like the football hold. Hold your baby like a football. Tuck ...

110

30 CFR 57.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 57.14204 Section...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2012-07-01

111

30 CFR 57.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 57.14204 Section...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2014-07-01

112

30 CFR 56.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 56.14204 Section...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2011-07-01

113

30 CFR 57.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 57.14204 Section...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2013-07-01

114

30 CFR 57.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 57.14204 Section...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2011-07-01

115

30 CFR 56.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 56.14204 Section...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2012-07-01

116

30 CFR 56.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 56.14204 Section...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2013-07-01

117

30 CFR 56.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 56.14204 Section...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2014-07-01

118

30 CFR 57.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 57.14204 Section...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2010-07-01

119

30 CFR 56.14204 - Machinery lubrication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery lubrication. 56.14204 Section...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14204 Machinery lubrication. Machinery or...

2010-07-01

120

The moulded baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the moulded baby syndrome a generalized ‘skeletal skew’ occurs, as a result of intra-uterine pressure or postnatal positioning of the infant. Plagiocephaly, wry neck, scoliosis, pelvic obliquity and postural foot deformities may occur separately or together and resolve spontaneously by the age of 3. Pelvic obliquity gives rise to an alteration in the inclination of the legs with an

R. A. Buxton

2001-01-01

121

Selecting the Perfect Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter, Molly, was born with a rare genetic disorder. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes' hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby's u

Julia Omarzu

2002-09-01

122

For Babies to Flourish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ideas for fine tuning the awareness and responsive interactions of teachers of infants and toddlers are offered. The ideas, which are supported by theory, research, and clinical experience, focus on the importance of: (1) tender, careful holding of babies; (2) prompt and accurate interpretation of the signals of distress; (3) development of keen…

Honig, Alice Sterling

123

Dogs Over Babies  

E-print Network

wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-08-19

124

Instability in Rotating Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proceedings contain 45 papers on a wide range of subjects including flow generated instabilities in fluid flow machines, cracked shaft detection, case histories of instability phenomena in compressors, turbines, and pumps, vibration control in turbomachinery (including antiswirl techniques), and the simulation and estimation of destabilizing forces in rotating machines. The symposium was held to serve as an update on the understanding and control of rotating machinery instability problems.

1985-01-01

125

Parents' knowledge and behaviour concerning sunning their babies; a cross-sectional, descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Background For centuries, sunlight has been used for therapeutic purposes. Parents still sun their infants to treat neonatal jaundice, nappy rash or mostly to supply vitamin D for bone development as a consequence of health beliefs. In this study we aimed to assess knowledge and behaviour of parents about benefits of sunlight and sun protection. Methods In this study, parents attending to governmental primary healthcare units for their children's routine vaccinations, upon their informed consent, were consecutively enrolled during one month. Data were collected by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results The mean age of 118 enrolled parents and their babies were 27.9 ± 6.5 years and 8.3 ± 5.8 months, respectively. Most of the participants were mothers (93.2%), housewives (81.4%) with an educational level of ?6 years (71.2%). Sunlight was considered beneficial for bone development (86.4%), diaper rash (5.9%) and neonatal jaundice (12.7%). In case of neonatal jaundice 72.0% of the participants reported that they would consult a physician. Most of the participants (82.2%) were sunning their babies outdoors. Nearly half (49.7%) of them got this information from medical staff. Fifty two percent of the parents were sunning their babies before 10–11 a.m. and/or after 3 p.m. Only 13.6% of parents reported using sunscreen for their babies, and the majority of them were using sun protecting factor ? 15. One forth of the sunscreen users was using sunscreen according to their physicians' advice. Conclusion Most of the participants were aware of the benefits of sunlight; especially for bone development. However they were displaying inappropriate behaviour while sunning their babies for health reasons. More education should be given to parents about the danger of sunlight at primary health care units while advising to sun their babies, if any. PMID:17076884

Aladag, Nihal; Filiz, Tuncay M; Topsever, Pinar; Gorpelioglu, Suleyman

2006-01-01

126

Use of hydrophilic polymers from diapers to aid the establishment of Spergularia purpurea in a mine soil.  

PubMed

We used hydrophilic polymers from diapers to aid the establishment of an indigenous plant (Spergularia purpurea (Persoon) G. Don fil.) in a soil from a pyrite mine. Lysimeters were filled with the mine soil with no amendment (control), with a polyacrylate polymer, with a polymer removed from diapers, and with shredded diapers. The establishment of a plant cover was faster in soil amended with polymer from diapers, and 85 days after sowing the soil was completely covered in all treatments except control. The concentrations of trace elements in plant shoots decreased in amended soil. The activities of soil acid phosphatase, beta-glucosidase, protease and cellulase were greatest in soil amended with the polyacrylate polymer or with polymer removed from diapers, while the application of shredded diapers leads to values that were in general intermediate between these treatments and unamended control. Basal- and substrate-induced respirations, and dehydrogenase were greatest in soil amended with polymers, but the presence of a plastic film and fibrous materials from shredded diapers prevented any improvement in these parameters compared with unamended soil. In the second experiment, we evaluated the risk of downward movement of polymers in columns of a sandy soil. Polymer from diapers, with or without Cu, was placed at a 10 cm-depth. Five leaching cycles with artificial rain took place and leachates were analyzed for organic matter and Cu. At the end of the experiment, the soil columns were sliced and each layer was analyzed separately. Some repacking of soil and polymer particles took place, but there was no indication that polymers moved to any great depth in soil columns. PMID:20207477

Qu, G; de Varennes, A

2010-06-15

127

No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a super-absorbent polymer exposed to water and simulated urine (colored salt water), students practice many inquiry skills: observation, measurement, graphing, and data analysis.

Ellen Schiller

2009-10-01

128

Anaphylaxis to Cutaneous Exposure to Milk Protein in a Diaper Rash Ointment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 12-month-old boy, with a strong history of cow's milk allergy, developed two episodes of anaphylaxis following cutaneous application of a casein containing ointment to an inflamed diaper area. RAST testing showed a significant elevation in specific IgE antibodies to milk and milk proteins. This experience suggests that children who are highly sensitive to milk may have severe allergic reactions

Laura M. Jarmoc; William A. Primack

1987-01-01

129

Beginning at the bottom: evidence-based care of diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis (DD), an acute inflammatory reaction of skin in the perineal area, is an extremely common pediatric condition. Nurses' practice of preventing and treating DD is inconsistent and often not evidence-based. In addition, a 2008 Skin Injury Prevalence Study at our hospital revealed that 24% of inpatients had DD. The authors developed a project to determine a consistent and evidence-based approach to DD prevention and treatment including the availability of products. A complete literature review was conducted in addition to benchmarking with other pediatric hospitals, consultation with topic experts, and evaluation of current nursing practice prior to revising the existing perineal skin care nursing standard. The evidence supports frequent diaper changes, use of super absorbent diapers, and protection of perineal skin with a product containing petrolatum and/or zinc oxide. As supported by the literature, we revised the standard to include improvements in practice as well as product updates for prevention and treatment. Hospital-wide implementation of the revised standard included training "Skin Care Champions" to educate staff and support practice improvements. Ongoing education and monitoring by the Skin Care Champions is necessary to further improve the prevention and treatment of DD for our patients. PMID:22072018

Heimall, Lauren M; Storey, Beth; Stellar, Judith J; Davis, Katherine Finn

2012-01-01

130

Electrometric assessment of the effect of a zinc oxide paste in diaper dermatitis.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis affects nearly 50% of infants as well as some bed-ridden adults particularly in the elderly people. This condition is induced by irritation and maceration, and may be further exacerbated by Candida sp. colonization and infection. A key factor in the pathogenesis is the alteration in both the barrier function and the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of an unmedicated zinc oxide-petrolatum paste and to observe for possible shielding and restoring effects on the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum altered by diaper dermatitis. The paste appeared to load the hollow skin microrelief. It was inferred that this effect was responsible for a reticulated shielding effect. Compared with healthy skin and untreated diaper dermatitis, the application of the anhydrous paste resulted in a trend to normalize electrometric properties of skin reflecting the combination of transepidermal water loss and the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum. PMID:19467034

Xhauflaire-Uhoda, E; Henry, F; Piérard-Franchimont, C; Piérard, G E

2009-10-01

131

Aloof Baby Skyrmions  

E-print Network

We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

2014-09-29

132

Aloof baby Skyrmions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul

2015-01-01

133

Whose Baby is That?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This inquiry-based 5E lesson provides an initial look at categorizing items into 2 categories. Visuals of animals are used to begin the classifying/categorizing of animals and their babies. Students will practice categorizing in pairs and will be given the categories to use. They will then explain the placement of each item in the category. The teacher will ask guiding questions and facilitate the lesson to ensure comprehension of the material.

chris worley

2012-07-27

134

Safe Baby university  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeUnsafe sleep is the number one killer of children from 1 month to 1 year of age. In Wayne County, infants are at high risk for death due to unsafe sleep. Detroit has the highest infant mortality in Michigan.MethodsSafe Baby university addresses the lack of knowledge that parents\\/caregivers have regarding unsafe sleep and other top causes of injury and death

K Rosenthal; S J Smith; J Moss; R Schwenn; R Davis; L Cain-Martin

2010-01-01

135

The Baby's First Breath  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page of Hyperphysics, from Georgia State University, uses elasticity to explain why a baby needs help--like a smack on the bottom--to take its first breath and also why people with emphysema have so much difficulty exhaling. Another section explains why capillaries can be extremely thin, whereas large arteries must have strong, thick walls. A third section describes the physics of the aneurysm, a bulge in the walls of a larger artery.

Nave, Rod

136

Having Healthy Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Inside: Having Healthy BabiesThis booklet summarizes what health professionals know about healthy babies and mothers. It shows women how to avoid or reduce the health risks of pregnancy, provides information about the development of healthy infants and toddlers, and outlines the steps of pregnancy from conception to labor and delivery to postnatal care. Having Healthy Babies directs readers to more sources of information and to the latest scientific research.The Science Inside e-book series is intended to be a bridge between the consumer health brochure and the scientific paper, the booklets in this series focus on the science that is inside of, or behind, the disease its cause, its possible cure, its treatment, promising research, and so on. These booklets are designed to appeal to people who have not had the opportunity to study the science and to understand why they may have been given some of the advice that they have been given through some of the more consumer-oriented materials.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science; )

2003-01-01

137

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

,235 African American babies died from SIDS. In 2009, 665 African American babies died from SIDS. · Despite these decreases, African American babies are at higher risk for SIDS, based on their numbers within the U for all babies, including preterm babies. Keep in mind that every sleep time counts. Room sharing

Rau, Don C.

138

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

of babies slept on their backs. · In 1994, 1,235 African American babies died from SIDS. In 2009, 665 African American babies died from SIDS. · In 1995, 77 American Indian/Alaska Native babies died from SIDS. In 2009, 52 American Indian/ Alaska Native babies died from SIDS. · Despite these decreases, African

Rau, Don C.

139

Retrospective exposure data for baby and children care products: an analysis of 48 clinical studies.  

PubMed

To conduct a reliable safety assessment, accurate exposure information for cosmetic products and ingredients is needed. The aim of the present retrospective study was to determine the amount per application and the daily exposure for some of the most commonly used baby cosmetic products. Consumption data from 48 clinical studies performed on 1481 babies and children (from 0 to 10 years old) were reviewed and used to conduct a probabilistic evaluation of dermal exposure. Six categories of products were reviewed: rinseoff products for hair and body; rinse-off products for the whole body; leave-on products for face and body; cleansers for face and body; diaper dermatitis treatment products; shampoos. Subjects were provided with products and recorded detailed daily usage information over a 1-4-week period, depending on the study. Products were weighed at the start and upon completion of each study in order to determine the total amount of product used. The mean, median, standard deviation and 95th percentile were calculated for daily consumption and exposure, for several age groups from 0 to 10 years old. This study provides current baby cosmetic exposure information for commonly used products which will be useful for risk assessment purposes. PMID:23562927

Gomez-Berrada, Marie-Pierre; Gautier, Florian; Parent-Massin, Dominique; Ferret, Pierre-Jacques

2013-07-01

140

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the north span. Note bell with continuous operating clapper for use as fog signals. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

141

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

50. Machinery rooms on south tower. Facing south. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the south span. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

142

The baby's brain : infant vision  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this feature, the user explorers how a baby's sense of sight develops. By dragging a slider bar to each of six different age markers, the user can see how the same image looks for babies as they get older. There is also a paragraph-long explanation of vision at each of the six ages shown: newborn, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months, and adult. These explanations reveal what a baby can and cannot see at each age. They also discuss how a baby's brain and eyes mature, providing improved focusing, color detection, and depth perception abilities. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

David Grubin Productions

2001-01-01

143

Treatment of the biodegradable fraction of used disposable diapers by co-digestion with waste activated sludge.  

PubMed

The results presented in this paper are part of a project aimed at designing an original solution for the treatment of used disposable diapers permitting the recycling of materials and the recovery of energy. Diapers must be collected separately at source and transported to an industrial facility to undergo special treatment which makes it possible to separate plastics and to recover a biodegradable fraction (BFD) made up mainly of cellulose. The methane yield of BFD was measured and found to be 280 ml CH4/g VSfed on average. 150 kg of dry BFD can be retrieved from the treatment of one ton of used disposable diapers, representing an energy potential of about 400 kW h of total energy or 130 kW h of electricity. As the treatment process for used diapers requires very high volumes of water, the setting up of the diaper treatment facility at a wastewater treatment plant already equipped with an anaerobic digester offers the advantages of optimizing water use as well as its further treatment and, also, the anaerobic digestion of BFD. The lab-scale experiments in a SBR showed that BFD co-digestion with sewage sludge (38% BFD and 62% waste activated sludge on volatile solids basis) was feasible. However, special attention should be paid to problems that might arise from the addition of BFD to a digester treating WAS such as insufficient mixing or floating particles leading to the accumulation of untreated solids in the digester. PMID:24380632

Torrijos, M; Sousbie, P; Rouez, M; Lemunier, M; Lessard, Y; Galtier, L; Simao, A; Steyer, J P

2014-03-01

144

Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth  

MedlinePLUS

... What to Expect Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Kids' Health Issues: ... A Text Size Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth Operating on a baby before birth may seem ...

145

Generalized Theory of Electrical Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the following pages electrical machinery is analyzed from a new point of view. Analytical quantities like magnetizing current, armature reaction, leakage flux, transient reactance are not introduced; only such quantities are used as actually exist in the machine at one particular load. Thereby the theory of electrical machinery is expressed in terms of the minimum possible number of quantities.

Gabriel Kron

1930-01-01

146

De (baby) Sitter overlaps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a (1+1)-dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

Benna, Marcus K.

2013-02-01

147

Comparison of Dexpanthenol and Zinc Oxide Ointment with Ointment Base in the Treatment of Irritant Diaper Dermatitis from Diarrhea: A Multicenter Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Severity of irritant diaper dermatitis (IDD) from diarrhea varies from patient to patient depend- ing on the nature of feces and the number of bowel movements. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of dexpanthenol and zinc oxide ointment with ointment base in the treatment of irritant diaper dermatitis from acute diarrhea in children by

Siriwan Wananukul; Srisupalak Singalavanija; Wanee Wisuthsarewong

148

46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Machinery alarms. 130.450 Section 130.450 Shipping...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required...

2014-10-01

149

46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery alarms. 130.450 Section 130.450 Shipping...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required...

2013-10-01

150

46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery alarms. 130.450 Section 130.450 Shipping...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required...

2012-10-01

151

46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery alarms. 130.450 Section 130.450 Shipping...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required...

2011-10-01

152

46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery alarms. 130.450 Section 130.450 Shipping...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required...

2010-10-01

153

Healthy Smile for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... 4 to 6 months old, start giving him solid foods. Do not give your baby solid foods before he is ready. One way to ... m As your baby begins to eat more solid foods and drink from a cup, you can ...

154

Growth and the Premature Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable evidence to show that babies born prematurely have poor postnatal growth, and the more premature the baby, the greater the impairment is likely to be and the longer it will persist. Nutrition has been shown to play an important part in this, but adequate nutrition is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve in these infants. In the

A. Gibson; S. Carney; J. K. H. Wales

2006-01-01

155

MACHINERY RESONANCE AND DRILLING  

SciTech Connect

New developments in vibration analysis better explain machinery resonance, through an example of drill bit chattering during machining of rusted steel. The vibration of an operating drill motor was measured, the natural frequency of an attached spring was measured, and the two frequencies were compared to show that the system was resonant. For resonance to occur, one of the natural frequencies of a structural component must be excited by a cyclic force of the same frequency. In this case, the frequency of drill bit chattering due to motor rotation equaled the spring frequency (cycles per second), and the system was unstable. A soft rust coating on the steel to be drilled permitted chattering to start at the drill bit tip, and the bit oscillated on and off of the surface, which increased the wear rate of the drill bit. This resonant condition is typically referred to as a motor critical speed. The analysis presented here quantifies the vibration associated with this particular critical speed problem, using novel techniques to describe resonance.

Leishear, R.; Fowley, M.

2010-01-23

156

Brown Baby Reads  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Chicago, Brown Baby Reads is a not-for-profit organization with a mission "to celebrate, encourage, and promote literacy in African-American children." On the website, visitors can learn about their initiatives and find out about age-appropriate books for children. In the "Database" area, visitors can peruse information on over 1,500 books that feature African American children as main characters and books written by African American authors. Visitors can also search the books by author, title, illustrator, age group, category, or themes. The site is rounded out by a number of links to free online resources from around the web related to reading, literacy, and cultural diversity.

2013-01-01

157

Multirobot inspection of industrial machinery  

E-print Network

Inspection of aircraft and power generation machinery using a swarm of miniature robots is a promising application both from an intellectual and a commercial perspective. Our research is motivated by a case study concerned ...

Correll, Nikolaus

158

The machinery of macroautophagy  

PubMed Central

Autophagy is a primarily degradative pathway that takes place in all eukaryotic cells. It is used for recycling cytoplasm to generate macromolecular building blocks and energy under stress conditions, to remove superfluous and damaged organelles to adapt to changing nutrient conditions and to maintain cellular homeostasis. In addition, autophagy plays a critical role in cytoprotection by preventing the accumulation of toxic proteins and through its action in various aspects of immunity including the elimination of invasive microbes and its participation in antigen presentation. The most prevalent form of autophagy is macroautophagy, and during this process, the cell forms a double-membrane sequestering compartment termed the phagophore, which matures into an autophagosome. Following delivery to the vacuole or lysosome, the cargo is degraded and the resulting macromolecules are released back into the cytosol for reuse. The past two decades have resulted in a tremendous increase with regard to the molecular studies of autophagy being carried out in yeast and other eukaryotes. Part of the surge in interest in this topic is due to the connection of autophagy with a wide range of human pathophysiologies including cancer, myopathies, diabetes and neurodegenerative disease. However, there are still many aspects of autophagy that remain unclear, including the process of phagophore formation, the regulatory mechanisms that control its induction and the function of most of the autophagy-related proteins. In this review, we focus on macroautophagy, briefly describing the discovery of this process in mammalian cells, discussing the current views concerning the donor membrane that forms the phagophore, and characterizing the autophagy machinery including the available structural information. PMID:24366339

Feng, Yuchen; He, Ding; Yao, Zhiyuan; Klionsky, Daniel J

2014-01-01

159

Machinery Safety on the Farm  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Machinery Safety on the Farm is an online publication designed for Virginia Tech students and instructors that provides an overview of various aspects of maintaining safety in a farm setting. The document highlights common hazards in machinery, complete with diagrams and descriptions for each type; then delves into the various precautions necessary to avoid accidents involving the aforementioned problem areas. The article is available as the html page, or as an optional pdf at the bottom of the page.

Grisso, Robert

160

A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby  

E-print Network

your baby to bed with a bottle. 5. Take your child to the dentist by age 1. #12;When do you have to start taking care of a baby's teeth? Ann and her friend Maria were watching Maria's children play. "What are you doing?" asked Ann. "I'm cleaning my baby's teeth," said Maria. "But your baby hardly has any teeth

Bandettini, Peter A.

161

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

,235 African American babies died from SIDS. In 2009, 665 African American babies died from SIDS. · In 1995, 77 from SIDS. · Despite these decreases, African American and American Indian/Alaska Native babies. Keep in mind that every sleep time counts. Room sharing--keeping your baby's sleep area in the same

Rau, Don C.

162

46 CFR 169.241 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery. 169.241 Section 169.241 Shipping...Certification Inspections § 169.241 Machinery. (a) At each inspection for...visually examined. (3) Auxiliary machinery. All machinery essential to the...

2011-10-01

163

46 CFR 169.241 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery. 169.241 Section 169.241 Shipping...Certification Inspections § 169.241 Machinery. (a) At each inspection for...visually examined. (3) Auxiliary machinery. All machinery essential to the...

2010-10-01

164

46 CFR 169.241 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery. 169.241 Section 169.241 Shipping...Certification Inspections § 169.241 Machinery. (a) At each inspection for...visually examined. (3) Auxiliary machinery. All machinery essential to the...

2012-10-01

165

46 CFR 169.241 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery. 169.241 Section 169.241 Shipping...Certification Inspections § 169.241 Machinery. (a) At each inspection for...visually examined. (3) Auxiliary machinery. All machinery essential to the...

2013-10-01

166

46 CFR 169.241 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Machinery. 169.241 Section 169.241 Shipping...Certification Inspections § 169.241 Machinery. (a) At each inspection for...visually examined. (3) Auxiliary machinery. All machinery essential to the...

2014-10-01

167

Your Premature Baby: Low Birthweight  

MedlinePLUS

... These checkups also help make sure that your child gets all the vaccinations she needs to stay protected from certain harmful diseases. Last reviewed October 2014 How old is my baby? Age can be based on ...

168

The Musical Dimension of Daily Routines with Under-Four Children during Diaper Change, Bedtime and Free-Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with an action-research project currently being undertaken at the University of Bologna concerning the observation of music making during daily routines with under-four children during diaper change, bedtime and free-play. Several observational protocols were carried out in natural and spontaneous contexts. The data analysis was…

Addessi, Anna Rita

2009-01-01

169

Taking Care of a Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Science NetLinks lesson, students are introduced to the basics of how a baby grows inside its mother until its birth. They then consider and discuss the birthing process. Then students are led into the third part of the lesson, which focuses on the early years of infancy. They are prompted to think about the kinds of basic needs infants have and the critical role adults play in ensuring a baby's healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development.

Science Netlinks

2003-06-02

170

Relationship between skin barrier function in early neonates and diaper dermatitis during the first month of life: a prospective observational study.  

PubMed

Diaper dermatitis, a common skin problem in newborn infants, is characterized by poor functioning of the skin barrier. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between skin barrier function in 4-day-old infants and the occurrence of diaper dermatitis during the first month of life. We recruited healthy Japanese infants born at 35 weeks of gestation or more. We measured indicators of skin barrier function, namely skin pH and transepidermal water loss, in 4-day-old infants on four places on the body. Individual characteristics were recorded from the infants' medical charts. The presence of diaper dermatitis was judged using the diaper rash and erythema scoring scale, which was based on daily recording of the infants' skin condition by their parents. The parents also filled out a questionnaire 1 month after birth regarding stool frequency and certain external factors. The association between diaper dermatitis and skin barrier function was assessed using multiple logistic regression analysis. The analysis included 88 infants. The incidence of diaper dermatitis was 25.0%. After adjusting for stool frequency for 1 month we noted that high pH on the inner arm skin in 4-day-old infants increased the risk of diaper dermatitis during the first month of life (adjusted odds ratio 3.35 [95% confidence interval = 1.12, 10.04]). Early neonatal skin pH may predict the risk of diaper dermatitis during the first month of life. Our results may be useful in devising strategies to prevent diaper dermatitis. PMID:25209731

Yonezawa, Kaori; Haruna, Megumi; Shiraishi, Mie; Matsuzaki, Masayo; Sanada, Hiromi

2014-01-01

171

Easy plane baby skyrmions  

E-print Network

The baby Skyrme model is studied with a novel choice of potential, $V=1/2 \\phi_3^2$. This "easy plane" potential vanishes at the equator of the target two-sphere. Hence, in contrast to previously studied cases, the boundary value of the field breaks the residual SO(2) internal symmetry of the model. Consequently, even the unit charge skyrmion has only discrete symmetry and consists of a bound state of two half lumps. A model of long-range inter-skyrmion forces is developed wherein a unit skyrmion is pictured as a single scalar dipole inducing a massless scalar field tangential to the vacuum manifold. This model has the interesting feature that the two-skyrmion interaction energy depends only on the average orientation of the dipoles relative to the line joining them. Its qualitative predictions are confirmed by numerical simulations. Global energy minimizers of charges B=1,...,14,18,32 are found numerically. Up to charge B=6, the minimizers have 2B half lumps positioned at the vertices of a regular 2B-gon. For charges B >= 7, rectangular or distorted rectangular arrays of 2B half lumps are preferred, as close to square as possible.

Juha Jäykkä; Martin Speight

2011-02-02

172

Quantum entanglement of baby universes  

SciTech Connect

We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

Essman, Eric P.; Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

2006-12-07

173

Designer babies--why not?  

PubMed

Though many objections can be levelled against the idea of the practice of genetic intervention to produce 'designer babies', upon examination they are shown to hinge on features which concern parental intentions towards their children, rather than features specific to the means involved. These intentions may be pursued by a variety of social practices which may, though need not, involve a measure of 'traditional' genetic selection (i.e. in terms of the identity and characteristics of the reproducing partners). This paper reviews a number of these objections and, by parity of reasoning, rejects their claim to count specifically or decisively against genetic intervention in pursuit of 'designer babies'. Rejecting these objections does not lead to the endorsement of 'designing babies, but it shows that any unease must be grounded elsewhere and defended by other arguments. PMID:15586985

Evans, M

2001-02-01

174

Tractor & Machinery Safety. 1984 Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is intended for use in teaching an instructional unit in tractor and machinery safety that is geared toward college freshmen. Addressed in the individual lessons of the unit are the following topics: understanding the importance of safe and efficient tractor operation, understanding the characteristics of tractors, preparing…

Montana State Office of Public Instruction, Helena. Dept. of Vocational Education Services.

175

Automated Rotating-Machinery Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer-controlled automatic system processes accelerometer data from rotating machines, producing mathematical description and graphical display of shaft motion. Program saves processing time, readily identifies type of motion (circular, looped, or elliptical), provides annotated assessments to assist in failure analysis, alerts user to look for distinctive characteristics of machinery, and creates informative plots.

Clark, J.

1986-01-01

176

Leasing vs. Buying Farm Machinery  

E-print Network

Leasing vs. Buying Farm Machinery Risk Management E-571 RM5-4.0 06-09 *Professor and Extension Economist?Management and Extension Program Specialist III? Economic Accoutability, The Texas A&M System. Equipment leasing has gained favor...

Klinefelter, Danny A.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-06-01

177

Simulation of Symmetrical Induction Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of an analog computer in studying the performance of induction machinery is demonstrated with computer results which show the dynamic behavior of 2-phase and 3-phase machines during balanced and unbalanced operation. The computer simulation for these various modes of operation is conveniently obtained from the equations which describe the symmetrical induction machine in an arbitrary reference frame. Of

P. C. Krause; C. H. Thomas

1965-01-01

178

Baby Solar System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol

2012-01-01

179

How to Care for Your Baby's Teeth  

MedlinePLUS

... doctor before using teething gels. What about breastfeeding, bottles and sippy cups? Teething does not have to ... starts teething. If you give your baby a bottle, always hold the baby when you feed him ...

180

Baffled by the Baby Bottle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case is based on an actual article entitled "Baby Alert" that appeared in Consumer Reports (May 1999). The article raises some concerns about the safety of polycarbonate baby bottles, and recommends that parents dispose of them as a precaution. However, the American Plastics Council and the Food and Drug Administration have raised concerns about the experimental methodology used as well as the recommendations made in this article. The case has been used to help develop students’ critical thinking skills in an introductory chemistry course for non-majors. It may be used to illustrate applications in polymer chemistry, quantitative chemical analysis, toxicology, endocrine disruption, and risk-benefit analysis.

Michael A. Jeannot

1999-01-01

181

Your Baby Learns About Love From You Your baby learns about most things from  

E-print Network

How do you want your child to feel about himself? Do you want your baby to grow up thinking he, especially about love. Babies, just as grown-ups, need love and attention. Rewarding your baby with a smile parents think they must set special times aside to play with or to teach their baby new things. That

Johnson, Eric E.

182

"Babies Grow a Long Time": A Preschool Project about Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project related to babies undertaken by preschoolers in a university-affiliated child care center in the Midwest. Following a description of the class, the author discusses the three phases of the project. Photographs taken during the project are included throughout the article. The article concludes with the author's…

Harrison, Andromahi

2012-01-01

183

Do Babies Matter (Part II)? Closing the Baby Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even though women make up nearly half of the PhD population, they are not advancing at the same rate as men to the upper ranks of the professoriate; many are dropping out of the race. Our first "Do Babies Matter?" article, published in the November-December 2002 issue of Academe, examined the effect of family formation on academic careers. It was…

Mason, Mary Ann; Goulden, Marc

2004-01-01

184

Can Pacifiers and Baby Bottles Ruin My Baby's Teeth?  

MedlinePLUS

... If baby teeth are removed or lost early, other teeth can move into the space that's left. This can cause the adult teeth to come in crowded or crooked. As with adult teeth, dental infections can become life-threatening if left untreated. Preventing Decay Decay can ...

185

Changing School Demographics: The New Baby Boom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the demographic and socioeconomic effects on schools of the "new baby boom," consisting of school-age children of the original "baby boomers." The effects of this second-generation demographic trend include a higher proportion of minority students (since the decline in marriage and birth rates among baby boomers reaching…

Lake, Sara

186

Your Baby's Development: The First Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... This sac is filled with amniotic fluid, and forms inside your uterus to surround and protect your baby. Some of the highlights of your baby’s development during the embryonic stage include: Nervous system. This is one of the first things to develop during the embryonic stage. This means ...

187

Shaken Baby Syndrome. The Arc Q & A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet uses a question-and-answer format to summarize what is known about shaken baby syndrome, brain damage resulting from forceful shaking of an infant or young child. Questions and answers address the following topics: what shaken baby syndrome is and other names for the condition; the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome; the incidence…

Palmer, Susan

188

A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby  

E-print Network

your baby to bed with a bottle. 5. Take your child to the dentist by age 1. #12;"When do you have teeth!" said Hope. "Yes, but the dentist said there are things I can do to keep my baby from getting teeth," said Mary. #12;"The dentist said to clean my baby's teeth as soon as they come in." "What else

Bandettini, Peter A.

189

46 CFR 176.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery. 176.804 Section 176.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 176.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2010-10-01

190

VEHICLES, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT Table Of Contents  

E-print Network

EM 385-1-1 XX Sep 13 i Section 18 VEHICLES, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT Table Of Contents Section: Page...................................................................18-16 18.G Machinery And Mechanized Equipment.........................18-16 18.H Drilling Equipment......................................................18-37 #12;EM 385-1-1 XX Sep 13 18-1 SECTION 18 VEHICLES, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 18.A GENERAL 18.A.01

US Army Corps of Engineers

191

46 CFR 115.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery. 115.804 Section 115.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 115.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2012-10-01

192

46 CFR 115.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery. 115.804 Section 115.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 115.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2013-10-01

193

46 CFR 115.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Machinery. 115.804 Section 115.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 115.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2014-10-01

194

46 CFR 115.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery. 115.804 Section 115.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 115.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2011-10-01

195

46 CFR 176.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Machinery. 176.804 Section 176.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 176.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2014-10-01

196

46 CFR 176.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery. 176.804 Section 176.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 176.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2012-10-01

197

46 CFR 115.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery. 115.804 Section 115.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 115.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2010-10-01

198

46 CFR 176.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery. 176.804 Section 176.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 176.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2013-10-01

199

The Protein Import Machinery of Mitochondria*  

E-print Network

The Protein Import Machinery of Mitochondria* Published, JBC Papers in Press, February 18, 2004 they must be imported into the organelle. The mitochon- drial membranes contain specific machineries of the intermembrane space and the protein insertion machinery of the inner membrane (carrier translocase, TIM22

Economou, Tassos

200

46 CFR 176.804 - Machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery. 176.804 Section 176.804 Shipping... Material Inspections § 176.804 Machinery. At each initial and subsequent...have the vessel ready for inspections of machinery, fuel, and piping systems,...

2011-10-01

201

Babies, Toddlers and the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

2001-01-01

202

Drug Affected Babies: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 42-item annotated bibliography, represents a comprehensive effort to gather information on the educational problems of infant children of substance-abusing parents. Extensive searches were conducted in databases in the fields of education, medicine, social sciences, and the humanities. In particular, studies on the problems of "crack babies"…

Portland Public Schools, OR. Dept. of Research, Evaluation, and Testing.

203

Brain Tumor in Newborn Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

5 cases of brain tumor in newborn babies under 2 months are presented. 4 of them were supratentorial teratoma and originated from the midline, and 1 was a glioma at the cerebellopontine angle. 2 cases died before surgery and 2 cases after surgery. In our 5th case a benign teratoma of 150 g was removed from the third ventricle. He

Akira Takaku; Namio Kodama; Hiroo Ohara; Shigeaki Hori

1978-01-01

204

PKU (Phenylketonuria) in Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... and other dairy products Eggs Meat and poultry Fish Nuts Beans Food or drinks that contain aspartame. This is an artificial sweetener that has lots of phenylalanine in it. It’s sold as NutraSweet® and Equal®. PKU meal plans are different for each baby and can ...

205

Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2010-01-01

206

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35 Section 58.01-35...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements...01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital...

2012-10-01

207

46 CFR 58.01-25 - Means of stopping machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Means of stopping machinery. 58.01-25 Section 58.01-25...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-25 Means of stopping machinery. Machinery driving...

2013-10-01

208

46 CFR 58.01-25 - Means of stopping machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Means of stopping machinery. 58.01-25 Section 58.01-25...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-25 Means of stopping machinery. Machinery driving...

2012-10-01

209

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35 Section 58.01-35...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements...01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital...

2013-10-01

210

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35 Section 58.01-35...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements...01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital...

2011-10-01

211

46 CFR 58.01-25 - Means of stopping machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Means of stopping machinery. 58.01-25 Section 58.01-25...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-25 Means of stopping machinery. Machinery driving...

2011-10-01

212

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35 Section 58.01-35...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements...01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital...

2010-10-01

213

46 CFR 58.01-25 - Means of stopping machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Means of stopping machinery. 58.01-25 Section 58.01-25...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-25 Means of stopping machinery. Machinery driving...

2010-10-01

214

["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].  

PubMed

Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD. PMID:16139550

Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C

2005-10-01

215

Diapers in War Zones: Ethnomedical Factors in Acute Childhood Gastroenteritis in Peshawar, Pakistan  

PubMed Central

This article considers ethnomedical knowledge and practices among parents related to contraction of acute gastroenteritis among children in Peshawar, Pakistan. Research methods included analysis of the Emergency Pediatric Services’ admission register, a structured interview administered to 47 parents of patients seen in the Khyber Medical College Teaching Hospital, semi-structured interviews of 12 staff, and four home visits among families with children treated at the hospital. The use of native research assistants and participant observation contributed to the reliability of the findings, though the ethnographic, home-visit sample is small. Our research indicated that infection rates are exacerbated in homes through two culturally salient practices and one socioeconomic condition. Various misconceptions propagate the recurrence or perserverance of acute gastroenteritis including assumptions about teething leading to poor knowledge of disease etiology, rehydration solutions leading to increased severity of disease, and diaper usage leading to the spread of disease. In our Discussion, we suggest how hospital structures of authority and gender hierarchy may impact hospital interactions, the flow of information, and its respective importance to the patient’s parents leading to possible propagation of disease. These ethnographic data offer a relatively brief but targeted course of action to improve the effectiveness of prevention and treatment efforts. PMID:25768117

Zaidi, Saira H.; Smith-Morris, Carolyn

2015-01-01

216

Diapers in war zones: ethnomedical factors in acute childhood gastroenteritis in peshawar, pakistan.  

PubMed

This article considers ethnomedical knowledge and practices among parents related to contraction of acute gastroenteritis among children in Peshawar, Pakistan. Research methods included analysis of the Emergency Pediatric Services' admission register, a structured interview administered to 47 parents of patients seen in the Khyber Medical College Teaching Hospital, semi-structured interviews of 12 staff, and four home visits among families with children treated at the hospital. The use of native research assistants and participant observation contributed to the reliability of the findings, though the ethnographic, home-visit sample is small. Our research indicated that infection rates are exacerbated in homes through two culturally salient practices and one socioeconomic condition. Various misconceptions propagate the recurrence or perserverance of acute gastroenteritis including assumptions about teething leading to poor knowledge of disease etiology, rehydration solutions leading to increased severity of disease, and diaper usage leading to the spread of disease. In our Discussion, we suggest how hospital structures of authority and gender hierarchy may impact hospital interactions, the flow of information, and its respective importance to the patient's parents leading to possible propagation of disease. These ethnographic data offer a relatively brief but targeted course of action to improve the effectiveness of prevention and treatment efforts. PMID:25768117

Zaidi, Saira H; Smith-Morris, Carolyn

2015-01-01

217

Baby universes in string theory  

SciTech Connect

We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2006-03-15

218

Baby P: déjŕ vu or distinctive?  

PubMed

As in the case of Victoria Climbié, the case of Baby P triggered national outrage and widespread reforms to the child protection system in England. But the Baby P case is unique in several key ways. The context and differentiating elements of the Baby P case are explored, as is the public, political and media reaction, the use of new technologies, the main recommendations of the Laming report that followed it, and the role played by New Labour. PMID:20120878

de Braal, Bernice

2009-01-01

219

5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N4) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N-4) FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE, LOOKING EAST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

220

Talk With Baby: A Guide for Parents.  

E-print Network

TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take... care of them If you ta I k to baby he will learn to make sounds When baby coos and blows bubbles he is learning to talk You he I p if you make soft sounds back at him When baby talks to y make the sounds he makes Talk back to him Call...

Anonymous

1984-01-01

221

Listening to the Baby: Evaluating a Baby Book Journal for New Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Browsing the parenting section of any bookstore reveals a wide variety ofcommercially available baby books. In spite of their popularity, the baby book format has rarely been used to develop materials that support the transition to parenting. This article describes the development of a baby book for this purpose, the phenomenological scholarship and research findings that shaped its design, and

Lee SmithBattle; Shawn Pohlman; Jennifer L. Broeder

2004-01-01

222

Baby hands that move to the rhythm of language: hearing babies acquiring sign languages babble  

E-print Network

Baby hands that move to the rhythm of language: hearing babies acquiring sign languages babble: "speech-exposed") and a rare group of three hearing babies acquiring sign language only, not speech (group and the capacity to use them. q 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Sign language; Babbling

Malfait, Nicole

223

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...machinery space means any space that contains machinery and...including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery...electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration, stabilizing...conditioning machinery, and similar spaces and trunks to such...

2010-10-01

224

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...machinery space means any space that contains machinery and...including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery...electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration, stabilizing...conditioning machinery, and similar spaces and trunks to such...

2012-10-01

225

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...machinery space means any space that contains machinery and...including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery...electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration, stabilizing...conditioning machinery, and similar spaces and trunks to such...

2011-10-01

226

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...machinery space means any space that contains machinery and...including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery...electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration, stabilizing...conditioning machinery, and similar spaces and trunks to such...

2013-10-01

227

46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...machinery space means any space that contains machinery and...including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery...electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration, stabilizing...conditioning machinery, and similar spaces and trunks to such...

2014-10-01

228

Baby Fae: a beastly business.  

PubMed Central

The Baby Fae experiment has highlighted the growing trend in medicine of using animal parts in the treatment of humans. This paper raises the question of the logical and moral justification for these current practices and their proposed expansion. We argue that the Cognitive Capacity Principle establishes morally justified necessary and sufficient conditions for the use of non-human animals in medical treatments and research. Some alternative sources for medical uses are explored as well as some possible programmes for their implementation. PMID:4078855

Kushner, T; Belliotti, R

1985-01-01

229

Controlled-Torque Starting of Textile Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Control of the starting torque of textile machinery drives has become an important factor in the effective performance of textile machinery. Increased operating speeds to achieve greater production requires more precise acceleration of machine components to ensure efficient operation. Controlled acceleration also eliminates premature failure of the machine elements. Many factors must be considered in determining the optimum system for

W. Harvey Darke; Harold L. Prescott

1971-01-01

230

LOW BACK PAIN IN PORT MACHINERY OPERATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of several types of low back pain (LBP) was investigated by a standardized questionnaire in a group of 219 port machinery operators exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) and postural load and in a control group of 85 maintenance workers employed at the same transport company. The group of port machinery operators included 85 straddle carrier drivers, 88 fork-lift

M. Bovenzi; I. Pinto; N. Stacchini

2002-01-01

231

Involvement of Cellular Proteolytic Machinery in Apoptosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programmed cell death (PCD), a genetically controlled cell deletion process, plays an important role in the regulation of cellular and tissue homeostasis. The requisite for proteolysis during PCD-induced apoptosis is well documented. The cellular proteolytic machinery includes numerous proteases localized in membranes, cytoplasm, and nucleus. This machinery may function to remove denatured or misfolded protein from the cytoplasm on a

Boris Zhivotovsky; David H. Burgess; Daina M. Vanags; Sten Orrenius

1997-01-01

232

International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1995 International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show in Ontario, Canada has a site of the Web. The IPM is a non-profit organization of volunteers which annually organizes Canada's largest farm machinery show. The event is commercial and educational. Thousands of school children and educators attend and participate in organized educational activities.

233

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. 62.50-30 Section 62...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. Note: Periodically unattended machinery plants include machinery...

2011-10-01

234

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. 62.50-30 Section 62...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. Note: Periodically unattended machinery plants include machinery...

2010-10-01

235

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. 62.50-30 Section 62...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. Note: Periodically unattended machinery plants include machinery...

2013-10-01

236

46 CFR 62.50-30 - Additional requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. 62.50-30 Section 62...requirements for periodically unattended machinery plants. Note: Periodically unattended machinery plants include machinery...

2012-10-01

237

Welcoming a New Baby into Your Family  

MedlinePLUS

... but it can be tiring, too. You might love the baby right from the start. But it's also OK if you miss the way things were before the baby came. If you feel left out or need some attention, tell your mom or dad. Also be sure ...

238

Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

2011-01-01

239

Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2004-01-01

240

Baby Foods: Formulations and Interactions (A Review)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage some reactions and interactions occur which change physicochemical and nutritional

Ali Nasirpour; Joël Scher; Stéphane Desobry

2006-01-01

241

Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

Baird, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

242

Baby Doll: The Success of Scandal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby Doll hit America's cinemas with a resounding bang in 1956, and while not the financial and critical success that A Streetcar Named Desire had been some six years before, the film proved without a doubt to be the most sensational of Hollywood's adaptations of Tennessee Williams's works. In fact, Baby Doll is quite likely the most sensational (we should

Barton Palmer

243

46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35...Requirements § 58.01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary machinery vital to the main propulsion system must be provided in...

2014-10-01

244

46 CFR 58.01-50 - Machinery space, noise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery space, noise. 58.01-50 Section...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-50 Machinery space, noise. (a)...

2013-10-01

245

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Abrasive wheel machinery. 1910.215 Section 1910.215...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.215 Abrasive wheel machinery. (a) General requirements...

2012-07-01

246

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. 185.352 Section 185...185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space, required by §...

2013-10-01

247

46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Bulkheads in machinery spaces. 174.195 Section 174.195...Supply Vessels § 174.195 Bulkheads in machinery spaces. (a) The bulkhead in each machinery space of each OSV must be watertight...

2012-10-01

248

29 CFR 1910.213 - Woodworking machinery requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Woodworking machinery requirements. 1910.213 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements. (a) Machine...

2012-07-01

249

29 CFR 1910.213 - Woodworking machinery requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Woodworking machinery requirements. 1910.213 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements. (a) Machine...

2014-07-01

250

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section...Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have...

2012-10-01

251

29 CFR 1910.213 - Woodworking machinery requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Woodworking machinery requirements. 1910.213 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements. (a) Machine...

2011-07-01

252

29 CFR 1910.213 - Woodworking machinery requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Woodworking machinery requirements. 1910.213 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements. (a) Machine...

2013-07-01

253

30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2013-07-01

254

46 CFR 58.01-50 - Machinery space, noise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery space, noise. 58.01-50 Section...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-50 Machinery space, noise. (a)...

2012-10-01

255

30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2014-07-01

256

46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Bulkheads in machinery spaces. 174.195 Section 174.195...Supply Vessels § 174.195 Bulkheads in machinery spaces. (a) The bulkhead in each machinery space of each OSV must be watertight...

2010-10-01

257

46 CFR 58.01-40 - Machinery, angles of inclination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery, angles of inclination. 58.01-40...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-40 Machinery, angles of inclination. (a)...

2010-10-01

258

29 CFR 1915.164 - Ship's propulsion machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Ship's propulsion machinery. 1915.164 Section 1915.164...STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Ship's Machinery and Piping Systems § 1915.164 Ship's propulsion machinery. (a) Before work is...

2014-07-01

259

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section...Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have...

2013-10-01

260

30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2013-07-01

261

30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2014-07-01

262

46 CFR 58.01-45 - Machinery space, ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery space, ventilation. 58.01-45...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-45 Machinery space, ventilation. Each...

2013-10-01

263

46 CFR 58.01-45 - Machinery space, ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery space, ventilation. 58.01-45...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-45 Machinery space, ventilation. Each...

2010-10-01

264

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Installation of refrigerating machinery. 58.20-15 Section 58.20-15... MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of...

2013-10-01

265

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section...Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have...

2011-10-01

266

29 CFR 1915.164 - Ship's propulsion machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Ship's propulsion machinery. 1915.164 Section 1915.164...STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Ship's Machinery and Piping Systems § 1915.164 Ship's propulsion machinery. (a) Before work is...

2013-07-01

267

46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Bulkheads in machinery spaces. 174.195 Section 174.195...Supply Vessels § 174.195 Bulkheads in machinery spaces. (a) The bulkhead in each machinery space of each OSV must be watertight...

2013-10-01

268

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section...Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have...

2010-10-01

269

46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Placement of machinery alarms. 130.460 Section 130.460...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible...

2014-10-01

270

29 CFR 1910.213 - Woodworking machinery requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Woodworking machinery requirements. 1910.213 Section...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements. (a) Machine...

2010-07-01

271

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. 185.352 Section 185...185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space, required by §...

2014-10-01

272

29 CFR 1915.164 - Ship's propulsion machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Ship's propulsion machinery. 1915.164 Section 1915.164...STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Ship's Machinery and Piping Systems § 1915.164 Ship's propulsion machinery. (a) Before work is...

2010-07-01

273

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Installation of refrigerating machinery. 58.20-15 Section 58.20-15... MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of...

2012-10-01

274

46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery guards. 58.01-20 Section 58...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings,...

2012-10-01

275

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Abrasive wheel machinery. 1910.215 Section 1910.215...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.215 Abrasive wheel machinery. (a) General requirements...

2013-07-01

276

46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Placement of machinery alarms. 130.460 Section 130.460...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible...

2012-10-01

277

30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2012-07-01

278

30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2011-07-01

279

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Abrasive wheel machinery. 1910.215 Section 1910.215...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.215 Abrasive wheel machinery. (a) General requirements...

2011-07-01

280

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. 185.352 Section 185...185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space, required by §...

2011-10-01

281

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. 185.352 Section 185...185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space, required by §...

2012-10-01

282

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Abrasive wheel machinery. 1910.215 Section 1910.215...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.215 Abrasive wheel machinery. (a) General requirements...

2010-07-01

283

46 CFR 58.01-45 - Machinery space, ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery space, ventilation. 58.01-45...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-45 Machinery space, ventilation. Each...

2012-10-01

284

30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2011-07-01

285

29 CFR 1915.164 - Ship's propulsion machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Ship's propulsion machinery. 1915.164 Section 1915.164...STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Ship's Machinery and Piping Systems § 1915.164 Ship's propulsion machinery. (a) Before work is...

2011-07-01

286

30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2012-07-01

287

46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Placement of machinery alarms. 130.460 Section 130.460...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible...

2013-10-01

288

46 CFR 111.103-3 - Machinery space ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Machinery space ventilation. 111.103-3 Section...Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-3 Machinery space ventilation. (a) Each machinery space ventilation system must have...

2014-10-01

289

46 CFR 185.352 - Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. 185.352 Section 185...185.352 Ventilation of gasoline machinery spaces. The mechanical exhaust for the ventilation of a gasoline machinery space, required by §...

2010-10-01

290

29 CFR 1915.164 - Ship's propulsion machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Ship's propulsion machinery. 1915.164 Section 1915.164...STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Ship's Machinery and Piping Systems § 1915.164 Ship's propulsion machinery. (a) Before work is...

2012-07-01

291

46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Placement of machinery alarms. 130.460 Section 130.460...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible...

2010-10-01

292

46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Placement of machinery alarms. 130.460 Section 130.460...EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible...

2011-10-01

293

46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Bulkheads in machinery spaces. 174.195 Section 174.195...Supply Vessels § 174.195 Bulkheads in machinery spaces. (a) The bulkhead in each machinery space of each OSV must be watertight...

2014-10-01

294

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Installation of refrigerating machinery. 58.20-15 Section 58.20-15... MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of...

2010-10-01

295

46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery guards. 58.01-20 Section 58...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings,...

2013-10-01

296

Costs of Owning and Operating Farm Machinery in the  

E-print Network

Costs of Owning and Operating Farm Machinery in the Pacific Northwest: 2011 by Kathleen Painter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Machinery Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Ownership Machinery cost projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Adjusting costs to fit your

O'Laughlin, Jay

297

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Installation of refrigerating machinery. 58.20-15 Section 58.20-15... MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of...

2011-10-01

298

46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery guards. 58.01-20 Section 58...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings,...

2010-10-01

299

46 CFR 58.01-40 - Machinery, angles of inclination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery, angles of inclination. 58.01-40...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-40 Machinery, angles of inclination. (a)...

2013-10-01

300

46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Bulkheads in machinery spaces. 174.195 Section 174.195...Supply Vessels § 174.195 Bulkheads in machinery spaces. (a) The bulkhead in each machinery space of each OSV must be watertight...

2011-10-01

301

29 CFR 1910.215 - Abrasive wheel machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Abrasive wheel machinery. 1910.215 Section 1910.215...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.215 Abrasive wheel machinery. (a) General requirements...

2014-07-01

302

46 CFR 58.01-50 - Machinery space, noise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space, noise. 58.01-50 Section...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-50 Machinery space, noise. (a)...

2011-10-01

303

46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery guards. 58.01-20 Section 58...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings,...

2011-10-01

304

46 CFR 58.01-45 - Machinery space, ventilation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space, ventilation. 58.01-45...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-45 Machinery space, ventilation. Each...

2011-10-01

305

46 CFR 58.01-50 - Machinery space, noise.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery space, noise. 58.01-50 Section...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-50 Machinery space, noise. (a)...

2010-10-01

306

30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2010-07-01

307

30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Machinery and Equipment Safety Practices...Operational Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools....

2010-07-01

308

46 CFR 58.01-40 - Machinery, angles of inclination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery, angles of inclination. 58.01-40...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-40 Machinery, angles of inclination. (a)...

2012-10-01

309

46 CFR 58.01-40 - Machinery, angles of inclination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery, angles of inclination. 58.01-40...MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-40 Machinery, angles of inclination. (a)...

2011-10-01

310

A Randomized Comparative Trial on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Topical Aloe vera and Calendula officinalis on Diaper Dermatitis in Children  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Diaper dermatitis (DD) is a common inflammatory disorder among children and infants. The objective of the present randomized and double-blind trial was to compare the therapeutic efficacies of Aloe vera cream and Calendula officinalis ointment on the frequency and severity of DD in children. Methods. Sixty-six infants with DD (aged < 3 years) were randomized to receive either Aloe cream (n = 32) or Calendula ointment (n = 34). Infants were treated with these drugs 3 times a day for 10 days. The severity of dermatitis was graded at baseline as well as at the end of trial using a 5-point scale. The adverse effects of study medications were assessed during the trial. Results. Although improvement in the severity of DD was observed in both treatment groups (P < 0.001), patients receiving Calendula ointment had significantly fewer rash sites compared to Aloe group (P = 0.001). No adverse effect was reported from either of the medications. Discussion. The evidence from this study suggests that topical Aloe and in particular Calendula could serve as safe and effective treatment for the treatment of diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:22606064

Panahi, Yunes; Sharif, Mohamad Reza; Sharif, Alireza; Beiraghdar, Fatemeh; Zahiri, Zahra; Amirchoopani, Golnoush; Marzony, Eisa Tahmasbpour; Sahebkar, Amirhossein

2012-01-01

311

33. Photocopy of photograph. ORIGINAL SULLIVAN MACHINERY BUILDING. VIEW LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. Photocopy of photograph. ORIGINAL SULLIVAN MACHINERY BUILDING. VIEW LOOKING NORTH, circa 1888. - Sullivan Machinery Company, Main Street between Pearl & Water Streets, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

312

NAVIGATION OF CONSTRUCTION AND AGRICULTURE MACHINERY Werner Stempfhuber  

E-print Network

NAVIGATION OF CONSTRUCTION AND AGRICULTURE MACHINERY Werner Stempfhuber Swiss Federal Institute and agriculture. The guidance or control of heavy machinery demands a navigation sensor with an appropriate

313

34. Photocopy of photograph. ORIGINAL SULLIVAN MACHINERY BUILDING, VIEW LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. Photocopy of photograph. ORIGINAL SULLIVAN MACHINERY BUILDING, VIEW LOOKING EAST, circa 1888 - Sullivan Machinery Company, Main Street between Pearl & Water Streets, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

314

Vote: The Machinery of Democracy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Always one with a timely exhibition that reflects both historical concerns and issues of immediate expediency, the Smithsonian National Museum of American History has created this website as the online incarnation of one of their current exhibits, â??Vote: The Machinery of Democracyâ?ť. Through a host of relevant items (such as one of the controversial butterfly ballots used in Palm Beach County, Florida, in 2000), the exhibit â??examines how Americans have historically adopted improved voting techniques as a result of the political, social and technological changes in the country.â?ť The exhibit is divided into nine well-crafted sections, which includes informative retrospectives on the use of paper ballots, the variety of ways in which voters can cast their ballots, and of course, on the fractious situation of the Florida recount of 2000. A final bonus on the site is the thorough bibliography, which includes books, articles, a number of web links, and a few extra webpages on voting technology.

315

76 FR 37055 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Importation of Baby Squash and Baby Courgettes From Zambia AGENCY...regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. DATES...regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia,...

2011-06-24

316

76 FR 81467 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Importation of Baby Corn and Baby Carrots From Zambia AGENCY: Animal...regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. DATES...regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia,...

2011-12-28

317

Discussion on design of baby changing station in public place  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the widely using of baby changing station in the public place, its usability is considered greatly important. It is necessary to give convenience in the behavior of nursing for both baby and adult. Through analyzing baby's psychological characteristics in the adult's nursing behavior, the main features of using baby changing station are researched and analyzed. At last some key

Lufang Zhang; Jiansong Luo; Ming Wu

2009-01-01

318

Dynamic simulation of high speed rotating machinery  

E-print Network

DYNAMIC SIMULATION OF HIGH SPEED ROTATING MACHINERY A Thesis by EDDIE LEE MORGAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1977 Major... Subject: Mechanical Engineering DYNAMIC SII1ULATI ON OF HIGH SPEED ROTATING MACHINERY A Thesis by EDDIE LEE MORGAN Approved as to sty1e and content by Chairman of Committee Head of artment) (Member (Member August 1977 ABSTRACT Dynam1c...

Morgan, Eddie Lee

1977-01-01

319

Preparing Your Family for a New Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... for a new sibling include Look at picture books about a new baby . At the very least, ... he starts asking about mom's growing "stomach." Picture books for preschoolers can be very helpful. So can ...

320

Your Baby's Development: The Second Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... can't see anything until the third trimester. Fingerprints and footprints are well established by the middle ... appear on the hands first, then the feet. Fingerprints improve the baby's grip. Fine hair and a ...

321

How mothers keep their babies warm.  

PubMed

Details of room temperature, clothing, and bedding used by night and by day and in winter and in summer were recorded for 649 babies aged 8 to 26 weeks. Room temperature at night was significantly related to outside temperature and duration of heating. Total insulation was significantly related to outside temperature and to minimum room temperature, but there was wide variation in insulation at the same room temperature. High levels of insulation for a given room temperature were found particularly at night and in winter, and were associated with the use of thick or doubled duvets and with swaddling. At least half the babies threw off some or all of their bedding at night, and at least a quarter sweated. Younger mothers and mothers in the lower social groups put more bedclothes over their babies, and the latter also kept their rooms warmer. Many mothers kept their babies warmer during infections. PMID:2039255

Bacon, C J; Bell, S A; Clulow, E E; Beattie, A B

1991-05-01

322

When Your Teen Is Having a Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... younger teens, keep the news of their pregnancies secret because they fear the anger and disappointment of ... the baby's father, and some rely on their families for support. As a parent, you need to ...

323

Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... Surviving Stillbirth Time to Say Goodbye Autopsies Funerals & Memorials Going Home Coping with Grief Where do I ... a Baby Time to Say Goodbye Autopsies Funerals & Memorials Going Home Coping with Grief Where do I ...

324

A minority report: teaching fathers baby massage.  

PubMed

Infant or baby massage has emerged in the recent decade as an activity promoted by health care professionals, popular with parents and the subject of a growing body of research evidence (Complement. Ther. Nurs. Midwifery 2 (1996) 151; 3 & 8 Tough Ther. 2000). This paper reports on the experience of establishing and facilitating baby massage training. There is a focus in the discussion on teaching fathers, as only one male parent attended the classes over a 6-month period. Recommendations are made in the conclusion, identifying possible ways of promoting fathers involvement in babies massage. The paper, with its images of a father engaged in baby massage, is intended to add to the current limited amount of literature available on this subject. PMID:12852931

Mackereth, Peter A

2003-08-01

325

When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect  

MedlinePLUS

... as heart defects, cleft lip and palate, or cerebral palsy, you may find yourself having to serve as ... Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome Spina Bifida Birth Defects Down Syndrome ...

326

Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... of hemoglobin) from the other parent. Hemoglobin S-beta thalassemia. This condition is caused when a baby gets ... one parent and a gene change for beta thalassemia from the other parent. How do you know ...

327

Surrogate Motherhood II: Reflections after "Baby M."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the "Baby M" surrogate motherhood case which has produced heated debate in popular media, legal publications, and other professional journals. Summarizes arguments offered and reasoning behind actions of judiciary. (Author/ABL)

Schwartz, Lita Linzer

1988-01-01

328

Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... TV Share Compartir Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early. Source: National Center on Birth Defects and ... in Indian Country Release Date: 11/03/2014 Ebola and Contract Tracing Release Date: 9/16/2014 ...

329

Will Stress during Pregnancy Affect My Baby?  

MedlinePLUS

... Clinical Trials Resources and Publications En Espańol Will stress during pregnancy affect my baby? Skip sharing on ... health care provider during your prenatal visits. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Pregnancy PTSD is a more ...

330

Disposable baby wipes: efficacy and skin mildness.  

PubMed

The results of a series of four clinical studies demonstrated that disposable baby wipes were milder to the skin than use of a cotton washcloth and water, recognized as a "gold standard" for skin mildness. Importantly, the baby wipes caused no significant change from the baseline value in any of the skin parameters examined. This observation verified that the test wipes are minimally disruptive to the epidermal barrier and thus suitable for use on intact or compromised, irritated skin. PMID:11917305

Odio, M; Streicher-Scott, J; Hansen, R C

2001-04-01

331

Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of "baby signing" in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. Baby signing fits neatly into the parenting ideologies prevalent in the professional class in the United States that value early…

Pizer, Ginger; Walters, Keith; Meier, Richard P.

2007-01-01

332

Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate "Babies,"…

Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

2012-01-01

333

Fathers & Babies: How Babies Grow and What They Need from You, from Birth to 18 Months.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides fathers with specific developmental theory and practical skills and advice concerning how babies grow and what they need from fathers from the time they are born until they turn 18 months. Each chapter provides information and theory on age appropriate play activities and specific information on a baby's growth and developmental…

Marzollo, Jean

334

Six children with allergic contact dermatitis to methylisothiazolinone in wet wipes (baby wipes).  

PubMed

Methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) is a combination preservative used in personal care and household products and is a common cause of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Recently, MI alone, without MCI, has been increasingly used in consumer products in attempts to minimize allergic reactions. Wet wipes are extensively tested and traditionally believed to be innocuous. MI in wet wipes ("baby wipes") has not been previously reported to cause ACD in children in the United States. Only 1 previous report of ACD in a child in Belgium has been recently reported. We report 6 children with chronic, perianal/buttock, and facial eczematous dermatitis, refractory to multiple topical and oral antibiotics and corticosteroids. All tested positive to MCI/MI on patch testing. None wore diapers. All patients had been using wet wipes containing MI (without MCI) to affected areas. Discontinuation of wipes resulted in rapid and complete resolution. This is the first report of pediatric ACD to MI in wet wipes in the United States, and the largest series to date. ACD to MI in wet wipes is frequently misdiagnosed as eczema, impetigo, or psoriasis. Wet wipes are increasingly marketed in personal care products for all ages, and MI exposure and sensitization will likely increase. Dermatitis of the perianal, buttock, facial, and hand areas with a history of wet wipe use should raise suspicion of ACD to MI and prompt appropriate patch testing. Rapid resolution occurs after the allergen exposure is eliminated. All isothiozolinones should be avoided in personal care and household products for these patients. PMID:24420805

Chang, Mary Wu; Nakrani, Radhika

2014-02-01

335

Expedient Treatment of a Collodion Baby  

PubMed Central

Only ~270 cases of collodion babies have been reported in the literature since 1892. As the name suggests, the term “collodion baby” refers to a phenotype that can be characterized by a yellow, shiny, tight parchment-like membrane stretched over the skin. Although the collodion membrane is only an evanescent condition of the newborn, neonatal complications can occur in 45% of all collodion babies, leading to a mortality rate of ~11% in the first few weeks of life. Most children born as collodion babies will spontaneously desquamate within 2 weeks, but may be as long as 3 months. Eventually, these children develop signs of one of several types of ichthyosis, which gives the skin the appearance of “fish scales.” We report a unique case of a Caucasian male that was born as a Collodion baby at the University of Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Although the impairment of the skin barrier function put the patient at risk for a number of complications, he improved significantly after being treated with emollients and antibiotics. In contrast to previous findings, we found that skin emollients were beneficial and did not increase the risk of infection. PMID:23198180

Chung, Michael; Pittenger, Jaime; Tobin, Stuart; Chung, Andrew; Desai, Nirmala

2011-01-01

336

The Machinery of Mitochondrial Inheritance and Behavior  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The distribution of mitochondria to daughter cells during cell division is an essential feature of cell proliferation. Until recently, it was commonly believed that inheritance of mitochondria and other organelles was a passive process, a consequence of their random diffusion throughout the cytoplasm. A growing recognition of the reticular morphology of mitochondria in many living cells, the association of mitochondria with the cytoskeleton, and the coordinated movements of mitochondria during cellular division and differentiation has illuminated the necessity for a cellular machinery that mediates mitochondrial behavior. Characterization of the underlying molecular components of this machinery is providing insight into mechanisms regulating mitochondrial morphology and distribution.

Michael Yaffe (University of California; Department of Biology)

1999-03-05

337

Risk Assessment of Baby Powder Exposure through Inhalation.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to assess the exposure risk through inhalation to baby powder for babies and adults under simulated conditions. Baby powder was applied to a baby doll and the amount of baby powder consumed per application was estimated. The airborne exposure to baby powder during application was then evaluated by sampling the airborne baby powder near the breathing zones of both the baby doll and the person applying the powder (the applicator). The average amount of baby powder consumed was 100 mg/application, and the average exposure concentration of airborne baby powder for the applicator and baby doll was 0.00527 mg/m(3) (range 0.00157~0.01579 mg/m(3)) and 0.02207 mg/m(3) (range 0.00780~ 0.04173 mg/m(3)), respectively. When compared with the Occupational Exposure Limit of 2 mg/m(3) set by the Korean Ministry of Labor and the Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 2 mg/m(3) set by the ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists), the exposure concentrations were much lower. Next, the exposure to asbestos-containing baby powder was estimated and the exposure risk was assessed based on the lung asbestos contents in normal humans. As a result, the estimated lung asbestos content resulting from exposure to asbestos-containing baby powder was found to be much lower than that of a normal Korean with no asbestos-related occupational history. PMID:24278563

Moon, Min Chaul; Park, Jung Duck; Choi, Byung Soon; Park, So Young; Kim, Dong Won; Chung, Yong Hyun; Hisanaga, Naomi; Yu, Il Je

2011-09-01

338

Affordable luxury resort residences for the Baby Boomers  

E-print Network

The purpose of this thesis is to determine the business viability of Oasis Destination Club, the first destination club designed entirely for the upper middle income baby boomer. The baby boomer generation is the largest ...

Boyer, Mark Valdez

2005-01-01

339

Immune System Inspired Health Monitoring of Machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decades, there has been an increasing interest to develop engineering tools inspired by the human immune system. There are also many publications available that discuss artificial immune systems applications, including robotics, optimization, control, computer science and other disciplines. This paper presents an application of the AbNET- algorithm to a problem of machinery diagnostics. The antibody repertoire will

Ville Vähäkangas; Kauko Leiviskä; Jens Strackeljan

340

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--POWER. TEACHERS COPY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO PROVIDE A STUDY GUIDE FOR STUDENTS PREPARING FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY OCCUPATIONS IN A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM. THE MATERIAL WAS DESIGNED BY SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALISTS ON THE BASIS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS, TRIED IN OPERATIONAL PROGRAMS, AND REFINED BY A TEACHER.…

HILL, DURWIN; VENABLE, BENNY MAC

341

EARNINGS IN THE MACHINERY INDUSTRIES, MID-1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RESULTS OF A MID-1966 NATIONWIDE SURVEY BY THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS SHOWED THAT THE EARNINGS OF PRODUCTION AND RELATED NONELECTRICAL MACHINERY WORKERS IN 21 LARGE OCCUPATIONAL AREAS VARIED BY OCCUPATION, SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT, AND COMMUNITY, INDUSTRY, LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONTRACT STATUS, AND LOCATION. THE AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE WAS $2.84. HIGHER…

BAUER, FREDERICK L.

342

Gap sensing benefits in Conform™ extrusion machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work presents the results of production trials of a gap sensing system for continuous extrusion machinery. It is critical to maintain a precise pre-defined extrusion gap for the efficient running of the continuous extrusion process and to maintain product quality. A high temperature capacitive gap sensing system is designed and implemented on a copper extrusion machine in a production

K. Khawaja; K. Althoefer; M. P. Clode; L. D. Seneviratne

2004-01-01

343

Modeling cellular machinery through biological network comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

Molecular networks represent the backbone of molecular activity within the cell. Recent studies have taken a comparative approach toward interpreting these networks, contrasting networks of different species and molecular types, and under varying conditions. In this review, we survey the field of comparative biological network analysis and describe its applications to elucidate cellular machinery and to predict protein function and

Trey Ideker; Roded Sharan

2006-01-01

344

The emerging shape of the ESCRT machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past two years have seen an explosion in the structural understanding of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery that facilitates the trafficking of ubiquitylated proteins from endosomes to lysosomes via multivesicular bodies (MVBs). A common organization of all ESCRTs is a rigid core attached to flexibly connected modules that recognize other components of the MVB pathway.

Roger L. Williams; Sylvie Urbé

2007-01-01

345

Versatility of the mitochondrial protein import machinery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vast majority of mitochondrial proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and are imported into mitochondria by protein machineries located in the mitochondrial membranes. It has become clear that hydrophilic as well as hydrophobic preproteins use a common translocase in the outer mitochondrial membrane, but diverge to two distinct translocases in the inner membrane. The translocases are dynamic, high-molecular-weight complexes

Nikolaus Pfanner; Andreas Geissler

2001-01-01

346

Active Vibration Dampers For Rotating Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Active dampers developed to suppress vibrations in rotating machinery. Essentially feedback control systems and reciprocating piezoelectric actuators. Similar active damper containing different actuators described in LEW-14488. Concept also applicable to suppression of vibrations in stationary structures subject to winds and earthquakes. Active damper offers adjustable suppression of vibrations. Small and lightweight and responds faster to transients.

Kascack, Albert F.; Ropchock, John J.; Lakatos, Tomas F.; Montague, Gerald T.; Palazzolo, Alan; Lin, Reng Rong

1994-01-01

347

Measuring Leakage From Large, Complicated Machinery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Test chamber improvised from large bag. Cumulative sizes of leaks in large, complicated machinery measure with relatively simple variation of helium leak-checking technique. When used to check Space Shuttle main engine, new technique gave repeatable and correct results within 0.5 stdin.3/min (1.4 x 10 negative to the seventh power stdm3/s).

Bottemiller, S.

1987-01-01

348

Nonlinear Coherence Function for Machinery Diagnosis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Vibration spectra analyzed for signs of trouble. Nonlinear coherence function assists in analysis of vibration spectra of machinery for signs of incipient failure. Useful primarily in determining whether apparent harmonic in complicated vibration signal indicates possible defect or if due to independent vibration source or extraneous noise.

Coffin, Thomas; Jong, Jen Y.

1987-01-01

349

46 CFR 169.629 - Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. 169.629 Section...SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Machinery and Electrical Ventilation ...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. Spaces...

2011-10-01

350

46 CFR 169.629 - Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. 169.629 Section...SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Machinery and Electrical Ventilation ...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. Spaces...

2010-10-01

351

46 CFR 169.629 - Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. 169.629 Section...SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Machinery and Electrical Ventilation ...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. Spaces...

2012-10-01

352

46 CFR 169.629 - Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. 169.629 Section...SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Machinery and Electrical Ventilation ...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. Spaces...

2013-10-01

353

46 CFR 169.629 - Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. 169.629 Section...SCHOOLS SAILING SCHOOL VESSELS Machinery and Electrical Ventilation ...Compartments containing gasoline machinery or fuel tanks. Spaces...

2014-10-01

354

46 CFR 58.20-15 - Installation of refrigerating machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Refrigeration Machinery § 58.20-15 Installation of refrigerating...control device located outside the compartment. (c) All refrigeration compressor spaces shall be effectively ventilated and...

2014-10-01

355

29 CFR 1915.165 - Ship's deck machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Ship's deck machinery. 1915.165 Section 1915.165...Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT Ship's Machinery and Piping Systems §...

2010-07-01

356

29 CFR 1910.214 - Cooperage machinery. [Reserved  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Cooperage machinery. [Reserved] 1910.214...Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding §...

2010-07-01

357

LOCK NO. 1 ST. LUCIE CANAL. MACHINERY HOUSE PLANS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LOCK NO. 1 - ST. LUCIE CANAL. MACHINERY HOUSE PLANS, ELEVATIONS, & DETAILS - St. Lucie Canal, Lock No. 1, Machinery Houses, St. Lucie, Cross State Canal, Okeechobee Intracoastal Waterway, Stuart, Martin County, FL

358

44. Looking south towards Sullivan Machinery Company complex from the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

44. Looking south towards Sullivan Machinery Company complex from the north side of the Sugar River. The footbridge was built in 1920. - Sullivan Machinery Company, Main Street between Pearl & Water Streets, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

359

INTERIOR VIEW OF MACHINERY HOUSE, WEST OF LOCK, VIEW TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF MACHINERY HOUSE, WEST OF LOCK, VIEW TO NORTHEAST - St. Lucie Canal, Lock No. 1, Machinery Houses, St. Lucie, Cross State Canal, Okeechobee Intracoastal Waterway, Stuart, Martin County, FL

360

Estimating farm machinery complements based on cropmix and farm size  

E-print Network

Machinery complement information is used in farm simulation models such as the FLIPSIM model when studying of the impacts of agricultural policies on representative farms. Since acquiring machinery complement data for FLIPSIM simulations is a...

Barrera, Anna Marie

1993-01-01

361

INTERIOR VIEW OF MACHINERY HOUSE, EAST OF LOCK, VIEW TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF MACHINERY HOUSE, EAST OF LOCK, VIEW TO NORTHEAST - St. Lucie Canal, Lock No. 1, Machinery Houses, St. Lucie, Cross State Canal, Okeechobee Intracoastal Waterway, Stuart, Martin County, FL

362

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section 111.103-9 ...REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced draft fan,...

2012-10-01

363

13. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, SHOWING ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, LOOKING NORTH - Upper Mississippi River Nine-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 25, Cap au Gris, Lincoln County, MO

364

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section 111.103-9 ...REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced draft fan,...

2010-10-01

365

46 CFR 169.315 - Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). 169.315 Section 169.315 Shipping ...Hull Structure § 169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). (a) All enclosed spaces within the...

2012-10-01

366

46 CFR 169.315 - Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). 169.315 Section 169.315 Shipping ...Hull Structure § 169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). (a) All enclosed spaces within the...

2014-10-01

367

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section 111.103-9 ...REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced draft fan,...

2013-10-01

368

51. Electrical contacts and relays in the south machinery room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

51. Electrical contacts and relays in the south machinery room (interior of both machinery rooms is identical). Facing south. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

369

46 CFR 169.315 - Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). 169.315 Section 169.315 Shipping ...Hull Structure § 169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). (a) All enclosed spaces within the...

2011-10-01

370

55. Reduction drive gears in south machinery room (interior of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

55. Reduction drive gears in south machinery room (interior of both machinery rooms is identical). Facing west. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

371

60. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST TOWARDS WINDING MACHINERY: View towards the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

60. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST TOWARDS WINDING MACHINERY: View towards the southeast looking down the tension runs towards the winding machinery. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

372

4. MACHINERY SHED AND STORAGE ROOM ADDITION, SOUTH AND WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. MACHINERY SHED AND STORAGE ROOM ADDITION, SOUTH AND WEST WALL LOOKING NORTHEAST SEED STORAGE BUILDING (1963) BEHIND - Tucson Plant Material Center, Machinery Shed, 3241 North Romero Road, Tucson, Pima County, AZ

373

52. Detail of electrical contacts in the south machinery room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

52. Detail of electrical contacts in the south machinery room (interior of both machinery rooms is identical). Facing south. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

374

12. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY HOUSE, SHOWING ROLLER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, LOOKING SOUTH - Upper Mississippi River Nine-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 25, Cap au Gris, Lincoln County, MO

375

18. DETAIL VIEW OF MITER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, SHOWING GATE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. DETAIL VIEW OF MITER GATE OPERATING MACHINERY, SHOWING GATE STRUT, SECTOR ARM, AND GATE OPERATING MACHINERY WELL, LOOKING NORTHEAST - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam 26, Alton, Madison County, IL

376

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section 111.103-9 ...REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced draft fan,...

2011-10-01

377

54. West emergency brake in the south machinery room (interior ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. West emergency brake in the south machinery room (interior of both machinery rooms is identical). Facing west. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

378

46 CFR 169.315 - Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). 169.315 Section 169.315 Shipping ...Hull Structure § 169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). (a) All enclosed spaces within the...

2010-10-01

379

46 CFR 169.315 - Ventilation (other than machinery spaces).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). 169.315 Section 169.315 Shipping ...Hull Structure § 169.315 Ventilation (other than machinery spaces). (a) All enclosed spaces within the...

2013-10-01

380

46 CFR 111.103-9 - Machinery stop stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Machinery stop stations. 111.103-9 Section 111.103-9 ...REQUIREMENTS Remote Stopping Systems § 111.103-9 Machinery stop stations. (a) Each forced draft fan,...

2014-10-01

381

Machinery sharing by agribusiness firms: methodology, application, and simulation  

E-print Network

Machinery investments represent a substantial portion of agribusiness firms’ costs. Because of high machinery costs, variable profit margins, and increasing competition, agribusiness managers continually seek methods to maintain profitability...

Wolfley, Jared Lynn

2009-05-15

382

Infants & Toddlers: How Babies Use Gestures to Communicate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evolution has provided babies with wonderful ways to get the loving attention and care that they need from adults. When a baby is distressed, his cry is the most primitive and powerful tool for bringing help. By the time a baby is 2 or 3 months old, his dazzling smile and crooked grin evokes tenderness, smiles, and nurturance from adults who are…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2004-01-01

383

Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster  

E-print Network

Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster U. Meierfrankenfeld and S. Shpectorov September 6, 2002 Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two largest

Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

384

Generalized Moonshine for the Baby Monster Gerald Hohn  

E-print Network

Generalized Moonshine for the Baby Monster Gerald Hohn #3; May 2003 Abstract Nortons generalized Moonshine conjecture for the case related to the Baby Monster is proven. The main steps of the proof are the construction of the Baby Monster Lie algebra with the help of a vertex algebra, the use of the BRST

Hoehn, Gerald

385

Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster  

E-print Network

Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two

Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

386

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The

M. Laffoy; P. Fitzpatrick; M. Jordan; D. Dowdall

1995-01-01

387

Cognitive Development Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because  

E-print Network

fitting babies as young as 3 months old with Velcro "sticky mittens" designed by Amy NeedhamCognitive Development in Infants Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because. In particular, Woodward probes how babies view other people. Human beings constantly infer other people's mental

Hill, Wendell T.

388

Infant & Toddlers: How to Calm an Exuberant Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is important to understand that babies differ in temperament. Some are sensationally exuberant and loud. Others are more withdrawn and quiet. Babies also differ in tempo and style. Some eat with gusto. Others deliberately scoop a bit of cooked cereal onto a spoon and slowly munch on their food. Helping a baby learn to modulate voice tones means…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

389

When Babies Spit Up, Don't Panic  

MedlinePLUS

... contents from coming back up -- is not fully functional in babies, she explained. "Babies typically outgrow spitting up by 6 months. This is when the stomach muscles and the flap that keeps food in the stomach matures. Also, when babies start ...

390

Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

391

The Birth of a Breastfeeding Baby and Mother  

PubMed Central

In this column, the author describes the way in which the normal, natural process of labor and birth prepares both mother and baby for breastfeeding. Birth practices including induced labor, routine interventions, epidural analgesia, and separation of mother and baby disrupt the process of early breastfeeding for mother and baby. Normal, natural birth sets the stage for uncomplicated breastfeeding. PMID:17273421

Lothian, Judith A.

2005-01-01

392

Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being infused…

Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

2012-01-01

393

7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

2010-01-01

394

7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

2012-01-01

395

7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

2011-01-01

396

7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

2014-01-01

397

7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

2013-01-01

398

Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... after birth. The fat also fills the extra space under the skin, making the skin less wrinkled. Other highlights of the third trimester By the end of the trimester, your baby has eyelashes and eyebrows and may have a full head of hair. Or, he or she may be ...

399

The Optimum Thermal Environment for Naked Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optimum thermal environment in which to nurse a baby naked in an incubator has been defined from a knowledge of the magnitude of the factors affecting thermal balance.Such a neutral environment allows body temperature to remain normal while oxygen consumption and evaporative water loss are both at a minimum.

E. N. Hey; G. Katz

1970-01-01

400

Healthy Native Babies Project Workbook and Toolkit  

E-print Network

of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) NatioNal iNstitutes of HealtH U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH of SIDS Education 28 Who are the primary audiences? 28 A Critical Primary Audience: Child Care AND HUMAN SERVICES Healthy Native Babies Project Workgroup Developed with the Native American

Rau, Don C.

401

Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features

D N Gleadhill; W J Robson; R E Cudmore; R R Turnock

1987-01-01

402

There's a Baby in My Stomach!  

E-print Network

. The badges--which come in pink and blue--read "There's a baby in my stomach" and are designed to let other riders know when a woman is pregnant . One might well conclude that, if your average Japanese cannot spot an expectant mother a mile off, it might just...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2006-11-22

403

Evaluation of products for treating babies' napkins.  

PubMed Central

A test is described for assessing the sanitizing effect of napkin treatment products on naturally urine-wetted and faecally-contaminated napkins. This test defines in-use conditions which closely resemble typical domestic situations. One napkin treatment product ('Napisan'), tested at two different concentrations and with challenges of different numbers of babies' napkins, performed satisfactorily under the conditions used. PMID:448064

Gaya, H.; Thirlwall, J.; Shaw, E. J.; Hassam, Z.

1979-01-01

404

Baby Birds for Sale Bird Shipping  

E-print Network

Home My ACCOUNT Nursery Baby Birds for Sale Bird Shipping Health Guarantee Reserve Deposits & Pymts Cages Clothing Designer Bags DNA Sexing FlightSuits & Leashes Food / Supplements Gift Items Jewelry behind the colors of parrots, describing on a molecular level what is responsible for their bright red

McGraw, Kevin J.

405

Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's  

MedlinePLUS

... giving your little one a pacifier. In fact, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) now recommends giving babies ... And just when parents think that sleeping through the night seems like a far-off dream, things start to get a little easier. At ...

406

The Baby Boom--Entering Midlife.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. baby-boom generation, born between 1946 and 1964, is the largest generation in the nations's history. Numbering over 80 million people in 1990, this giant generation has indelibly changed U.S. society, requiring adjustments in schools, labor markets, housing markets, and government programs. Perhaps more than any other institution,…

Bouvier, Leon F.; De Vita, Carol J.

1991-01-01

407

Baby Bell Libraries?--An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the emerging three-tiered structure (i.e., the "Baby Bells," network nodes, and information marketers) that will assume responsibility for implementing a new national information network and getting networked information to the public. The role of libraries related to networked information is also considered. (EA)

Kessler, Jack

1993-01-01

408

Baby Boomers' Attitudes towards Product Placements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Including branded products within mass media programming is becoming common. Previous research has focused almost entirely on college-age students' attitudes about placements in movies and television. This research focuses on Baby Boomers and is the first to include questions about multiple media in forming attitudes towards product placements. Six hypotheses were tested. Attitude toward product placement is related to media

Nicole M. Schmoll; John Hafer; Michael Hilt; Hugh Reilly

2006-01-01

409

Babies and Bath Water: Two Experiential Heresies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claiming that as educators have developed alternatives to traditional education they have also thrown out the babies of cultural insight with the bathwater of educational bureaucracy, this paper explores two heresies--the "learning by doing" and "reforming by doing" heresies--that limit and may ultimately threaten the Experiential Education…

Wichmann, Theodore F.

1980-01-01

410

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

411

Got Diabetes? Thinking about Having a Baby?  

MedlinePLUS

... too low. What you eat, how much you exercise, and your growing baby will change your blood sugar many times during the day. • Check your blood ... to adjust what you eat; how much you exercise; and, if prescribed, how much insulin to take ... Control and treat low blood sugar quickly ...

412

Babies Bottom Out--A 'Maybe Boom'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data for the period September 1976 through April 1977 indicate a rise in the United States birth rate; however, the rate is still below the replacement level. It is speculated that the increase is an "echo" effect to the post-World War II baby boom which peaked in 1957. (SL)

Science News, 1977

1977-01-01

413

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. It has no bumpers, pillows

Rau, Don C.

414

With Babies and Banners: Illustrated Historical Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background reading materials are provided in this booklet developed to be used in conjunction with the award winning color documentary film "With Babies and Banners." The film records the role that the women of Flint, Michigan, played in the great General Motors sit-down strike of 1937. The readings are suitable for college audiences and for…

Goldfarb, Lyn; Gray, Lorraine

415

Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers. Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the article, "Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers", Moltz highlights how community colleges are currently implementing programs, such as the American Association of Community Colleges' Plus 50 Completion strategy, to encourage older learners to return to America's college campuses. The effects of the recent recession and the educational desires…

Fishman, Seth

2011-01-01

416

Planning for the Baby Boomers' Healthcare Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will the impact of baby boomers, as they age, be a bonanza or a bust for the healthcare system? A range of perspectives prevail, from increasing in-patient admissions capacity to accommodate the sheer numbers, to the creation of a variety of healthcare services and delivery channels that address their unique requirements. This case study presents a top 100, regional hospital's

Terri C. Albert; Edward Johnson; Daniel Gasperino; Pinar Tokatli

2004-01-01

417

46 CFR 252.33 - Hull and machinery insurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hull and machinery insurance. 252.33 Section 252...Subsidy Rates § 252.33 Hull and machinery insurance. (a) Subsidy items...including stamp taxes) of hull and machinery, increased value, excess...

2010-10-01

418

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section 78.33-5...Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further...

2010-10-01

419

46 CFR 171.095 - Machinery space bulkhead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Machinery space bulkhead. 171.095 Section...Subdivision Requirements § 171.095 Machinery space bulkhead. (a) This section...transverse watertight bulkheads to separate the machinery space from the remainder of the...

2014-10-01

420

46 CFR 185.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 185.208 Section 185.208 Shipping...Records § 185.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2010-10-01

421

46 CFR 185.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 185.208 Section 185.208 Shipping...Records § 185.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2012-10-01

422

46 CFR 122.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 122.208 Section 122.208 Shipping...Records § 122.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2012-10-01

423

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section 109.205 Shipping...109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer or engineer...before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall inspect the boilers...

2011-10-01

424

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section 78.33-5...Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further...

2012-10-01

425

33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39 Section... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel...discharge an oily mixture from a machinery space bilge that is combined...

2011-07-01

426

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section 196.30-5...Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2013-10-01

427

Association for Computing Machinery Advancing Computing as a Science & Profession  

E-print Network

Association for Computing Machinery Advancing Computing as a Science & Profession Statewide commissioned by the U.S. Public Policy Committee of the Association for Computing Machinery February 2006 and/or a fee. #12;2 2 Preface The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an educational

Wagner, David

428

Transmembrane Receptor DCC Associates with Protein Synthesis Machinery  

E-print Network

Transmembrane Receptor DCC Associates with Protein Synthesis Machinery and Regulates Translation colocalizes in particles with transla- tion machinery, and newly synthesized protein. The extracellular ligand and physical association of a cell surface receptor with the translation machinery leads to a generalizable

429

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section 109.205 Shipping...109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer or engineer...before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall inspect the boilers...

2013-10-01

430

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section 109.205 Shipping...109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer or engineer...before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall inspect the boilers...

2010-10-01

431

33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39 Section... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel...discharge an oily mixture from a machinery space bilge that is combined...

2014-07-01

432

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section 196.30-5...Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2010-10-01

433

46 CFR 185.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 185.208 Section 185.208 Shipping...Records § 185.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2014-10-01

434

33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39 Section... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel...discharge an oily mixture from a machinery space bilge that is combined...

2013-07-01

435

46 CFR 252.33 - Hull and machinery insurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Hull and machinery insurance. 252.33 Section 252...Subsidy Rates § 252.33 Hull and machinery insurance. (a) Subsidy items...including stamp taxes) of hull and machinery, increased value, excess...

2011-10-01

436

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section 97.30-5...Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2011-10-01

437

46 CFR 185.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 185.208 Section 185.208 Shipping...Records § 185.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2013-10-01

438

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section 109.205 Shipping...109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer or engineer...before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall inspect the boilers...

2014-10-01

439

46 CFR 171.095 - Machinery space bulkhead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Machinery space bulkhead. 171.095 Section...Subdivision Requirements § 171.095 Machinery space bulkhead. (a) This section...transverse watertight bulkheads to separate the machinery space from the remainder of the...

2013-10-01

440

29 CFR 1910.264 - Laundry machinery and operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Laundry machinery and operations. 1910.264 Section...Special Industries § 1910.264 Laundry machinery and operations. (a) [Reserved...or forming an integral part of any machinery shall be removed or made...

2010-07-01

441

46 CFR 109.419 - Report of unsafe machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Report of unsafe machinery. 109.419 Section 109.419 Shipping...Notifications § 109.419 Report of unsafe machinery. If a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or other machinery on a unit is unsafe to operate, the...

2011-10-01

442

The bacterial outer membrane b-barrel assembly machinery  

E-print Network

REVIEW The bacterial outer membrane b-barrel assembly machinery Kelly H. Kim, Suraaj Aulakh. The b-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) complex, which is responsible for the proper assembly of b of the bacterial BAM complex. Keywords: outer membrane proteins; b-barrel assembly machinery; outer membrane

Paetzel, Mark

443

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section 78.33-5...Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further...

2013-10-01

444

33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39 Section... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel...discharge an oily mixture from a machinery space bilge that is combined...

2012-07-01

445

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section 78.33-5...Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further...

2011-10-01

446

29 CFR 1910.264 - Laundry machinery and operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Laundry machinery and operations. 1910.264 Section...Special Industries § 1910.264 Laundry machinery and operations. (a) [Reserved...or forming an integral part of any machinery shall be removed or made...

2014-07-01

447

46 CFR 109.419 - Report of unsafe machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Report of unsafe machinery. 109.419 Section 109.419 Shipping...Notifications § 109.419 Report of unsafe machinery. If a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or other machinery on a unit is unsafe to operate, the...

2012-10-01

448

46 CFR 109.419 - Report of unsafe machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Report of unsafe machinery. 109.419 Section 109.419 Shipping...Notifications § 109.419 Report of unsafe machinery. If a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or other machinery on a unit is unsafe to operate, the...

2013-10-01

449

46 CFR 122.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 122.208 Section 122.208 Shipping...Records § 122.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2014-10-01

450

46 CFR 109.205 - Inspection of boilers and machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Inspection of boilers and machinery. 109.205 Section 109.205 Shipping...109.205 Inspection of boilers and machinery. The chief engineer or engineer...before he assumes charge of the boilers and machinery of a unit shall inspect the boilers...

2012-10-01

451

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Rotating Machinery  

E-print Network

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Rotating Machinery Volume 2006, Article ID of the rotating machinery industry is to un- derstand correctly the vibration phenomena and to predict the dynamic machinery. Thus, the instability of propellers due to the interaction between the dynamics of the blades

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

452

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section 97.30-5...Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2012-10-01

453

46 CFR 122.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 122.208 Section 122.208 Shipping...Records § 122.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2011-10-01

454

Subversion of Cellular Autophagosomal Machinery by RNA Viruses  

E-print Network

Subversion of Cellular Autophagosomal Machinery by RNA Viruses William T. Jackson1 , Thomas H, components of the cellular machinery of autophagosome formation are subverted to promote viral replication of cellular autophagosomal machinery by RNA viruses. PLoS Biol 3(5): e156. Introduction Upon infection

Kirkegaard, Karla

455

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section 97.30-5...Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2010-10-01

456

29 CFR 1910.264 - Laundry machinery and operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Laundry machinery and operations. 1910.264 Section...Special Industries § 1910.264 Laundry machinery and operations. (a) [Reserved...or forming an integral part of any machinery shall be removed or made...

2011-07-01

457

46 CFR 122.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 122.208 Section 122.208 Shipping...Records § 122.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2010-10-01

458

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section 97.30-5...Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2013-10-01

459

46 CFR 171.095 - Machinery space bulkhead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Machinery space bulkhead. 171.095 Section...Subdivision Requirements § 171.095 Machinery space bulkhead. (a) This section...transverse watertight bulkheads to separate the machinery space from the remainder of the...

2011-10-01

460

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section 97.30-5...Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2014-10-01

461

Long-term Potentiation Requires Unique Postsynaptic SNARE Fusion Machinery  

E-print Network

Seminar Long-term Potentiation Requires Unique Postsynaptic SNARE Fusion Machinery Debanjan Goswami LTP, but the exact molecular machinery is unclear. This seminar will focus on the results that show features of this particular SNARE- mediated fusion machinery. SNAP-47, a novel Q-SNARE protein in the post

Shyamasundar, R.K.

462

46 CFR 282.23 - Hull and machinery insurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Hull and machinery insurance. 282.23 Section 282...Subsidy Rates § 282.23 Hull and machinery insurance. (a) Subsidy items...including stamp taxes) of hull and machinery, increased value, excess...

2011-10-01

463

29 CFR 1910.264 - Laundry machinery and operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Laundry machinery and operations. 1910.264 Section...Special Industries § 1910.264 Laundry machinery and operations. (a) [Reserved...or forming an integral part of any machinery shall be removed or made...

2012-07-01

464

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section 196.30-5...Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2011-10-01

465

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section 78.33-5...Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further...

2014-10-01

466

46 CFR 185.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 185.208 Section 185.208 Shipping...Records § 185.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2011-10-01

467

46 CFR 109.419 - Report of unsafe machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Report of unsafe machinery. 109.419 Section 109.419 Shipping...Notifications § 109.419 Report of unsafe machinery. If a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or other machinery on a unit is unsafe to operate, the...

2010-10-01

468

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Rotating Machinery  

E-print Network

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Rotating Machinery Volume 2006, Article ID, assuring the safety of rotating machinery, has drastically increased. It was recognized that one on the dynamic behav- iour of rotating machinery [1­7]. The two major types bear- ings that are currently used

Boyer, Edmond

469

Ancestral Ca21 Signaling Machinery in Early Animal and  

E-print Network

Ancestral Ca21 Signaling Machinery in Early Animal and Fungal Evolution Xinjiang Cai*,1 and David E machineries are present in the apusozoan protist Thecamonas trahens, which belongs to the putative unicellular generally believed that many ion channels and transporters in the animal Ca2Ăľ sig- naling machinery were

Clapham, David E.

470

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section 196.30-5...Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2014-10-01

471

46 CFR 171.095 - Machinery space bulkhead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Machinery space bulkhead. 171.095 Section...Subdivision Requirements § 171.095 Machinery space bulkhead. (a) This section...transverse watertight bulkheads to separate the machinery space from the remainder of the...

2012-10-01

472

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Rotating Machinery  

E-print Network

Hindawi Publishing Corporation International Journal of Rotating Machinery Volume 2007, Article ID, the multiple-shaft rotating machinery has drastically increased and is quite a known design solution for power the mass of the stator of multiple-shaft rotating machinery is the utilization of in- tershaft bearings

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

473

46 CFR 282.23 - Hull and machinery insurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Hull and machinery insurance. 282.23 Section 282...Subsidy Rates § 282.23 Hull and machinery insurance. (a) Subsidy items...including stamp taxes) of hull and machinery, increased value, excess...

2010-10-01

474

46 CFR 109.419 - Report of unsafe machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Report of unsafe machinery. 109.419 Section 109.419 Shipping...Notifications § 109.419 Report of unsafe machinery. If a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or other machinery on a unit is unsafe to operate, the...

2014-10-01

475

46 CFR 171.095 - Machinery space bulkhead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery space bulkhead. 171.095 Section...Subdivision Requirements § 171.095 Machinery space bulkhead. (a) This section...transverse watertight bulkheads to separate the machinery space from the remainder of the...

2010-10-01

476

29 CFR 1910.264 - Laundry machinery and operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Laundry machinery and operations. 1910.264 Section...Special Industries § 1910.264 Laundry machinery and operations. (a) [Reserved...or forming an integral part of any machinery shall be removed or made...

2013-07-01

477

Association for Computing Machinery Committee on Women in Computing  

E-print Network

Association for Computing Machinery Committee on Women in Computing 1515 Broadway New York, NY of the Association for Computing Machinery's Committee on Women in Computing, UW­Madison Chapter wacm for Computing Machinery's Committee on Women in Computing, University of Wisconsin­Madison Chapter

Liblit, Ben

478

33 CFR 157.39 - Machinery space bilges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery space bilges. 157.39 Section... Vessel Operation § 157.39 Machinery space bilges. (a) A tank vessel...discharge an oily mixture from a machinery space bilge that is combined...

2010-07-01

479

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section 196.30-5...Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event of an accident to a boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery tending to render the further use of...

2012-10-01

480

46 CFR 122.208 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 122.208 Section 122.208 Shipping...Records § 122.208 Accidents to machinery. The owner, managing operator...boiler, unfired pressure vessel, or machinery that renders further use of the item...

2013-10-01

481

46 CFR 62.50-20 - Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. 62.50-20 Section 62.50-20...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. Note: Minimally attended machinery plants include vessel machinery...

2011-10-01

482

46 CFR 62.50-20 - Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. 62.50-20 Section 62.50-20...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. Note: Minimally attended machinery plants include vessel machinery...

2010-10-01

483

46 CFR 62.50-20 - Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. 62.50-20 Section 62.50-20...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. Note: Minimally attended machinery plants include vessel machinery...

2012-10-01

484

46 CFR 62.50-20 - Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. 62.50-20 Section 62.50-20...Additional requirements for minimally attended machinery plants. Note: Minimally attended machinery plants include vessel machinery...

2013-10-01

485

The Mechanotransduction Machinery of Hair Cells  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mechanotransduction, the conversion of mechanical force into an electrochemical signal, allows living organisms to detect touch, hear, register movement and gravity, and sense changes in cell volume and shape. Hair cells in the vertebrate inner ear are mechanoreceptor cells specialized for the detection of sound and head movement. Each hair cell contains, at the apical surface, rows of stereocilia that are connected by extracellular filaments to form an exquisitely organized bundle. Mechanotransduction channels, localized near the tips of the stereocilia, are gated by the gating spring, an elastic element that is stretched upon stereocilia deflection and mediates rapid channel opening. Components of the mechanotransduction machinery in hair cells have been identified and several are encoded by genes linked to deafness in humans, which indicates that defects in the mechanotransduction machinery are the underlying cause of some forms of hearing impairment.

Nicolas Grillet (La Jolla; Scripps Research Institute REV)

2009-08-25

486

Life extension module for machinery diagnostic systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Machinery diagnostic systems detect and monitor faults but are unable to predict remaining life. The RiskMANTM process developed as one of the modules of the Neural Network System Health Usage and Monitoring System (NNS\\/HUMS), developed under JAHUMS contract administered by NSWC\\/CD, provides the means for converting the outputs of a diagnostic system into parameters usable in a set of life

R. E. Giuntini

2000-01-01

487

Use of Mechatronic Components in Rotating Machinery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mechatronic components are getting more and more common in mechanical systems. As an example Active Magnetic Bearings (AMB) are often used in Rotating Machinery. Besides their function of an oil-, contact- and frictionless levitation of the rotor, they are best suited to be used as an exciter and measurement instrument to extract more information from the system under observation. In this paper it is shown, how Active Magnetic Bearings can be used for identification, diagnosis and optimization purposes.

Nordmann, Rainer

488

Autophagosome formation: core machinery and adaptations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eukaryotic cells employ autophagy to degrade damaged or obsolete organelles and proteins. Central to this process is the formation of autophagosomes, double-membrane vesicles responsible for delivering cytoplasmic material to lysosomes. In the past decade many autophagy-related genes, ATG, have been identified that are required for selective and\\/or nonselective autophagic functions. In all types of autophagy, a core molecular machinery has

Zhiping Xie; Daniel J. Klionsky

2007-01-01

489

Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981

2010-01-01

490

Low Back Pain in Port Machinery Operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of several types of low back pain (LBP) was investigated by a standardized questionnaire in a group of 219 port machinery operators exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) and postural load and in a control group of 85 maintenance workers employed at the same transport company. The group of port machinery operators included 85 straddle carrier drivers, 88 fork-lift truck drivers, and 46 crane operators. The vector sum of the frequency-weighted r.m.s. acceleration of vibration measured on the seatpan of port vehicles and machines averaged 0·90 m/s2 for fork-lift trucks, 0·48 m/s2 for straddle carriers, 0·53 m/s2 for mobile cranes, and 0·22 m/s2 for overhead cranes. The 12-month prevalence of low back symptoms (LBP, sciatic pain, treated LBP, sick leave due to LBP) was significantly greater in the fork-lift truck drivers than in the controls and the other two groups of port machinery operators. After adjusting for potential confounders, the prevalence of low back symptoms was found to increase with the increase of WBV exposure expressed as duration of exposure (driving years), equivalent vibration magnitude (m/s2), or cumulative vibration exposure (yr m2/s4). An excess risk for lumbar disc herniation was observed in the port machinery operators with prolonged driving experience. In both the controls and the port machinery operators, low back complaints were strongly associated with perceived postural load assessed in terms of frequency and/or duration of awkward postures at work. Multivariate analysis showed that vibration exposure and postural load were independent predictors of LBP. Even though the cross-sectional design of the present study does not permit firm conclusions on the relationship between WBV exposure and low back disorders, the findings of this investigation provide additional epidemiological evidence that seated WBV exposure combined with non-neutral trunk postures, as while driving, is associated with an increased risk of long-term adverse health effects on the lower back.

BOVENZI, M.; PINTO, I.; STACCHINI, N.

2002-05-01

491

The incubation of a social movement? Preterm babies, parent activists, and neonatal productions in the US context.  

PubMed

This article explores health-based activism on the part of the US 'parents of preemies' movement, a mutual-help network mobilized around babies born precariously early and acutely dependent upon life-support incubators. The movement articulates two meta-agendas for parental empowerment: (1) the quest to access/exercise greater participatory inclusivity vis-ŕ-vis the preterm baby within the biomedical domain; and, (2) the quest to secure/command greater representational authority over the preterm baby within the public domain. Seen in terms of the erosion of the status quo, it can be argued that the movement's tangible and intangible aims to chip away at these traditions have been softly revolutionary: heralding new working partnerships between medical practitioners and patients' families; radical shifts in the technological consciousness and competences of preemie parents; and cyborg changes in conventional categories of the person. Yet, seen in terms of a normative order of things, it can be argued that the movement has largely and willingly been "co/operated": meaning that it has been "cooperative," but equally "co-opted" and "operated into" the disciplinary trajectory of neonatal medicine as well as the historical march of biopolitics with its governance of the collective body populous. From this critical perspective, the movement qua social movement thus itself might be considered incubated--cocooned, gestated, disciplined--and brought into existence by the very powers and hegemonic (patriarchal) machinery that viable resistance might struggle to govern instead of serve. PMID:16039029

Landzelius, Kyra

2006-02-01

492

Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?  

PubMed Central

A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21765737

Bronfin, Daniel R.

2001-01-01

493

The Simmel effect and babies’ names  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simulations of the Simmel effect are performed for agents in a scale-free social network. The social hierarchy of an agent is determined by the degree of his/her node. Particular features, once selected by a highly connected agent, become common in lower classes but soon fall out of fashion and become extinct. Numerical results reflect the dynamics of frequency of American babies’ names in 1880-2011.

Krawczyk, M. J.; Dydejczyk, A.; Ku?akowski, K.

2014-02-01

494

The baby killers are still at large.  

PubMed

This newspaper editorial reports that the UN Children's Fund's (UNICEF) executive director and recent US Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient believes that 1.5 million infants would survive annually if breast feeding declines worldwide were reversed. UNICEF adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes in the World Health Assembly in 1981. The code restricts direct advertising, inadequate labels, saleswomen dressed as nurses, and promotion of free samples. The Baby Food Action Network is reported to have released a report which states that baby food companies are still donating free supplies of infant formula to hospitals. The UNICEF position is that provision of free supplies is the most important disincentive to breast feeding. 81 governments adopted the guidelines, but 41 countries have hospitals which accept free samples. 28 of these 41 countries adopted the ban. The Nestle Company, which was cited 20 years age for this practice, won the legal battle and today defies the guidelines in 22 countries, including China, Zimbabwe, and Bangladesh. A US company, Mead Johnson, uses advertising on its label that shows Beatrice Potter's Peter Rabbit being bottle fed. The International Code restricts idealization of bottle feeding. Nutrician, a large conglomerate ownership of US and European infant formula companies, brazenly advertises in the Peruvian daily newspapers with photos of baby milk boxes being donated to hospitals. Dr. Derek Jelliffe, an infant nutritionist, is credited with being the first to publicize the dangers of commercialized malnutrition 21 years ago. PMID:12319575

Power, J

1994-08-12

495

Association for Computing Machinery: e-voting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Association for Computing Machinery is "an international scientific and educational organization dedicated to advancing the arts, sciences, and applications of information technology." This website provides the official position for the Association on computer-based voting systems. Their position is that "while computer-based e-voting systems have the potential to improve the electoral process, such systems must embody careful engineering, strong safeguards, and rigorous testing in both their design and operation." The website also reports on results from a poll of the members, indicating that 86.38% of the members surveyed "strongly agreed" with this position.

496

Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson

1989-01-01

497

What midwives need to know about baby massage.  

PubMed

Baby massage has become increasingly popular in the West among parents and healthcare practitioners alike, with numerous studies continuing to hail the benefits of taking time to massage and bond with your baby. Newborn and infant massage is of particular interest to midwives in their primary role, helping families to bond and heal the pain of traumatic births, but now many midwives are offering baby massage sessions privately in their spare time also. Here's the low down. PMID:23082398

MacDonald, Cheryl

2012-09-01

498

Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women  

E-print Network

Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema (``Kindchen- schema'') as a set of infantile physical features, regardless of kinship. caregiving functional MRI social cognition infant accumbens Ethologist Konrad Lorenz

Carrington, Emily

499

Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Languages Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - Traditional (????) French (français) Hindi (??????) Japanese (???) Korean (???) Russian ( ... Bilingual PDF Chinese Community Health Resource Center French (français) Choosing a Doctor for Your Baby Choisir un ...

500

The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies  

PubMed Central

AIM—To obtain a prevalence rate and determine the distribution of accidental bruising in babies.?METHODS—177 babies aged 6-12 months were examined naked to look for bruises. They were seen in health visitor hearing test clinics and child health surveillance clinics. The site, size, shape, and colour of bruises were recorded on a skin map, and the parent's explanation noted. Any other injury was recorded. Data collection included the baby's age, mobility and weight, demographic details, and health visitor concerns.?RESULTS—Twenty two babies had bruises, giving a prevalence rate of 12%. There was a total of 32 bruises, 15 babies had one bruise. All bruises were found on the front of the body and were located over bony prominences. Twenty five of the bruises were on the face and head, and seven were on the shin. The babies with bruises on the shin were mobile. There was a highly significant increase in bruises with increase in mobility.?CONCLUSIONS—The study has produced a prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies and sets a baseline from which to work when assessing bruises. It also tested out the methodology, which could be used in further research, particularly of younger babies. Clinicians need to assess a baby's level of development when considering whether a bruise is accidental.?? PMID:10086945

Carpenter, R

1999-01-01