Sample records for baby diaper machinery

  1. Diapering Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... prefold diapers) a container of warm water and cotton balls (for babies with sensitive skin) or a ... ability to roll. Wiping Using the wet washcloth, cotton balls, or baby wipes, gently wipe your baby ...

  2. Diaper rash

    MedlinePLUS

    ... used medicines for yeast diaper rashes. You can buy these without a prescription. Sometimes a mild corticosteroid cream may be used. Talk to your doctor before trying this on your baby. If you use cloth diapers: Do not put ...

  3. Diapers and skin care: Merits and demerits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. R. Y. Prasad; Pushplata Srivastava; Kaushal K. Verma

    2004-01-01

    Diapers have been used for care of babies since decades to prevent soiling and for social convenience. However, the use of\\u000a diaper poses a risk of developing diaper dermatitis. Recent innovations in diaper technology have led to development of superabsobent\\u000a disposable diapers, emollient delivering diapers and breathable diapers. These newer types of diapers reduce the incidence\\u000a of diaper dermatitis. The

  4. What do baby diapers and cleaning up oil spills have in common? Dr. Abigail Richards, Chemical & Biological Engineering

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    What do baby diapers and cleaning up oil spills have in common? Dr. Abigail Richards, Chemical & Biological Engineering While you're waiting for the program to begin, play POLYMER BINGO. Walk around and cleaning up oil spills have in common Great discoveries begin with great questions. What questions do you

  5. [Evolution of disposable diapers and reduction of diaper dermatitis].

    PubMed

    Erasala, G-N; Merlay, I; Romain, C

    2007-05-01

    Keeping babies skin dry in the diaper environment, reducing leaking while increasing absorbency and preventing skin pH increase lead to provide better skin tolerance disposable diapers. During 80's, basic cellulose diapers were replaced by the introduction of absorbent gelling materials (AGM) and since 90's by microbreatheable diapers. These advances in diaper technology have contributed to the reduction of diaper dermatitis. PMID:17459674

  6. Adult baby/diaper lovers: an exploratory study of an online community sample.

    PubMed

    Hawkinson, Kaitlyn; Zamboni, Brian D

    2014-07-01

    This internet-based study provided descriptive information and exploratory analyses on 1,795 male and 139 female members of the Adult Baby/Diaper Lover (ABDL) community. Based on prior research, some research questions focused on the degree to which ABDL behavior was associated with negative mood states, parental relationships, and attachment style. Based on clinical experience, a second research question focused on discerning two possible subgroups within the ABDL community: persons focused on role play behavior and persons who were primarily interested in sexual arousal in their ABDL behavior. The results showed modest support for the former research questions, but notable support for the last research question. Because of some overlap between the two hypothesized subgroups, additional subgroups may exist. Males in the ABDL community identified their ABDL interests earlier than females and these males may be more focused on sexual aspects of ABDL practices. Both males and females perceived being dominated as important in their ABDL behavior. Most participants were comfortable with their ABDL behavior and reported few problems. ABDL behavior may represent a sexual subculture that is not problematic for most of its participants. PMID:24473941

  7. Diaper area and disposable diapers.

    PubMed

    Erasala, G N; Romain, C; Merlay, I

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1960s, cloth diapers have been replaced by disposable diapers. The evolution of healthier skin in the diaper area has been demonstrated in parallel to that of disposable diapers. The improvements of disposable diapers--fit, dryness, comfort--have been based on the understanding of factors playing a role in the development of diaper dermatitis. PMID:21325842

  8. Idea Bank: In disposable Diapers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dana M. Barry

    2004-02-01

    To enhance and develop technical, science process, and critical thinking skills, the following activity provides students with the opportunity to determine the water-holding capacity of disposable diapers. In addition, they are encouraged to be scientists by preparing an organized procedure for the baby diaper investigation.

  9. Skin care of the diaper area.

    PubMed

    Adam, Ralf

    2008-01-01

    The skin of the diaper area has special needs for protection from the irritating effects of urine and feces and prevention of diaper dermatitis. These needs include products such as diapers that absorb the excreta, as well as products for cleansing and conditioning the skin. A number of factors play a role in development of diaper dermatitis, including prolonged exposure to excreta, alterations in skin pH or increased hydration, and changes in skin microbial flora. Recent decades have seen great improvements in our understanding of these factors and our ability to develop new and better products to protect baby skin. Better diaper designs and the development of pH-buffered baby wipes have improved the care of skin in the diaper area. Continuing research offers the promise of new products with additional benefits for caregivers and infants. PMID:18789081

  10. Relational aspects of maladaptive diaper-wearing and treatment with couples therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jon G. Caldwell

    2008-01-01

    Adults who wear diapers for psychological reasons offer unique diagnostic and treatment challenges to clinicians, especially when presenting as a couple. Diaper-wearing has been considered a component of Adult Baby Syndrome, but might also be a distinct phenomenon with elements of paraphilia, impulse dyscontrol or obsessive compulsivity. Particularly in the context of relationships, diaper-wearing might also be viewed as a

  11. Diapering habits: a global perspective.

    PubMed

    Thaman, Lauren A; Eichenfield, Lawrence F

    2014-11-01

    There are tremendous variations in diapering practices, reflecting varying cultural practices and regional difference. Around the world, more than 134 million babies are born each year, a rate of 255 births per minute or 4.3 births each second. While global population growth has been steadily declining from its peak in 1963, several regions, including the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa, continue to maintain high birth rates. Though the essential needs of infants are largely similar, family habits and practices during early years of life vary dramatically. This article surveys data documenting variations in diaper frequency, types, and duration of use internationally, including age of toilet training. These factors may influence diaper rash and skin health of infants and young children. Much of this data was collected as part of analysis of the international commercial diaper market, evaluated and organized as part of an international initiative on Global Infant Skin Care, and presented to a panel of experts for critique and commentary in a symposium held in December, 2013. PMID:25403934

  12. Diaper Dermatitis (Candidiasis)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... A A A Small, white, distinct pus-filled lesions often have associated redness in candida infections, which are often found in the diaper region. Overview Candida albicans is a type of fungus normally found in ...

  13. Baby 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take... care of them If you ta I k to baby he will learn to make sounds When baby coos and blows bubbles he is learning to talk You he I p if you make soft sounds back at him When baby talks to y make the sounds he makes Talk back to him Call...

  14. DIAPER INDUSTRY WORKSHOP REPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report is the product of a one-day workshop on the diaper industry that was sponsored by the U.S. EPA. our topics covered during the workshop were public health and safety, recycling, composting, and product life cycle analysis. he primary objective of the workshop was to id...

  15. Prevention of diaper dermatitis in infants--a literature review.

    PubMed

    Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike; Hauser, Matthias; Lünnemann, Lena; Stamatas, Georgios N; Kottner, Jan; Garcia Bartels, Natalie

    2014-01-01

    Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common skin conditions in neonates and infants, with a peak between the ages of 9 and 12 months. Appropriate skin care practices that support skin barrier function and protect the buttocks skin from urine and feces are supposed to be effective in the prevention of DD. Despite many recommendations for parents and caregivers on proper diaper skin care, there is no up-to-date synthesis of the available evidence to develop recommendations for DD prevention practice. Therefore we performed a systematic literature review on the efficacy of nonmedical skin care practices on the diapered area of healthy, full-term infants ages 0 to 24 months. We identified 13 studies covering skin care practices such as cleansing, bathing, and application of topical products. DD prevalence and incidence and physiologic skin parameters were used as efficacy parameters. The results of this review indicate that cleansing of the diaper area using baby wipes or water and a washcloth have comparable effects on diapered skin. Bathing with a liquid baby cleanser twice weekly seems comparable with water alone. The application of ointments containing zinc oxide or petrolatum with or without vitamin A seems to have comparable effects on DD severity. There seems to be no information on whether single skin care practices such as cleansing, bathing, and application of topical preparations can prevent DD. High-quality randomized clinical trials are needed to show the effectiveness of skin care practices for controlling and preventing DD. PMID:24890321

  16. An update on diaper dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Klunk, Christopher; Domingues, Erik; Wiss, Karen

    2014-01-01

    Diaper dermatitis leads to approximately 20% of all childhood dermatology visits. There have been several technologic advances in diaper design the last several years; however, due to the unique environment of the diaper area, many children continue to suffer from a variety of dermatologic conditions of this region. Common causes include allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, infection, and psoriasis. Treatments include allergen avoidance, barrier protection, parent education, and topical therapies. PMID:25017459

  17. Go naked: diapers affect infant walking.

    PubMed

    Cole, Whitney G; Lingeman, Jesse M; Adolph, Karen E

    2012-11-01

    In light of cross-cultural and experimental research highlighting effects of childrearing practices on infant motor skill, we asked whether wearing diapers, a seemingly innocuous childrearing practice, affects infant walking. Diapers introduce bulk between the legs, potentially exacerbating infants' poor balance and wide stance. We show that walking is adversely affected by old-fashioned cloth diapers, and that even modern disposable diapers - habitually worn by most infants in the sample - incur a cost relative to walking naked. Infants displayed less mature gait patterns and more missteps and falls while wearing diapers. Thus, infants' own diapers constitute an ongoing biomechanical perturbation while learning to walk. Furthermore, shifts in diapering practices may have contributed to historical and cross-cultural differences in infant walking. PMID:23106732

  18. [A case of diaper fetishism].

    PubMed

    O?uz, Nihan; Uygur, Niyazi

    2005-01-01

    Some people cannot obtain satisfaction from ordinary sexual relationships; instead they prefer alternative methods. They are referred to in psychiatric terminology as paraphiliacs. Fetishism is a type of paraphilia in which a person is sexually attracted to objects and some body parts. Most fetishists do not intend to cause harm to other people, but may have problems when others become involved in the problem. Underlying personality disorders extending through childhood are thought to be the source of the etiology. Perverted people do not wish to change their behavior pattern. They never seek treatment from a therapist. Psychological issues obviously play a crucial role in determining the choice of paraphilia and the underlying meaning of the sexual acts. Psychodynamic models (object relations theory, self psychology, drive theory) can shed light on the meaning of a perversion. In this case report, a 22- year-old man with diaper fetishism is presented. When family dynamics are considered, the mother has been described as psychologically distant from her son. The fetish object was recognized during childhood at around the age of four. During puberty, the fetish object became sexually attractive. Our patient exhibited his first perverted behavior when he was six years old. Later, he could control this behavior. At the age of twelve, the perverted behavior became sexually arousing. This paper emphasizes the diaper fetishism case through the patient's past psychiatric and medical history. Diaper fetishism is discussed in the light of forensic, cognitive and psychodynamic theories. PMID:15981151

  19. Diagnosis and management of diaper dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Shin, Helen T

    2014-04-01

    This article presents an overview of diaper dermatitis for the pediatric community. The pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and management of this common condition in infancy are reviewed. This information will assist in making the appropriate diagnosis and managing this irritant contact dermatitis of the diaper area. With conservative management, most cases of irritant diaper dermatitis are self-limited. When the condition persists, one must consider other diagnoses. PMID:24636651

  20. Care of the Migrant Baby.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

    Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

  1. Diaper (napkin) dermatitis: A fold (intertriginous) dermatosis.

    PubMed

    Tüzün, Yalç?n; Wolf, Ronni; Ba?lam, Süleyman; Engin, Burhan

    2015-01-01

    Diaper (napkin) dermatitis is an acutely presenting inflammatory irritant contact dermatitis of the diaper region. It is one of the most common dermatologic diseases in infants and children. In the past, the disease was thought to be caused by ammonia; however, a number of factors, such as friction, wetness, inappropriate skin care, microorganisms, antibiotics, and nutritional defects, are important. Diaper dermatitis commonly affects the lower parts of the abdomen, thighs, and diaper area. Involvement of skin fold regions is typical with diaper dermatitis. At the early stages of the disease, only dryness is observed in the affected area. At later stages, erythematous maceration and edema can be seen. Secondary candidal and bacterial infections can complicate the dermatitis. In the differential diagnosis of the disease, allergic contact dermatitis, intertrigo, psoriasis, atopic and seborrheic dermatitis, and the other diseases should be considered. Causes of the disease should be determined and eliminated primarily. Families need to be informed about the importance of a clean, dry diaper area and the frequency of diaper changes. The use of superabsorbent disposable diapers has decreased the incidence of the disease. Soap and alcohol-containing products should be avoided in cleaning the area. In some cases, corticosteroids and antifungal agents can be administered. If necessary, antibacterial agents and calcineurin inhibitors can also be beneficial. PMID:26051065

  2. Case report: Diaper dermatitis presenting as pustules.

    PubMed

    Tucker, Ann T; Emerson, Ashley N; Wyatt, Julie P; Brodell, Robert T

    2014-09-01

    Diaper dermatitis is the most common dermatologic disorder of infancy. Its cause can often be determined clinically based on the clinical presentation. Primary diaper dermatitis is associated with irritants and spares the deep skin folds. Secondary diaper dermatitis is most often caused by Candida yeast overgrowth and typically presents as a well-defined area of beefy red erythema covering the diaper area and including the deep folds of skin with hallmark satellite pustules. Other causes include seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, acrodermatitis enteropathica, allergic contact dermatitis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and, in the setting of a primarily pustular eruption, bacterial folliculitis. A simple potassium hydroxide preparation (KOH) can confirm the diagnosis of candida diaper dermatitis and guide proper treatment. PMID:25362747

  3. Do Baby Wet Wipes Change Periurethral Aerobic Flora?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dursun A. Senses; C. Elif Öztürk; Nese Ersöz Yar; Selda Acar; Talat Bahçebas; Kenan Kocabay; Demet Kaya

    SUMMARY: There is massive enteric bacterial colonization in the periurethral region during infancy. Fecal soiling is considered to be responsible for this colonization. We hypothesized that baby wet wipes containing chemical cleansing compounds, which are used for the cleaning of babies after diaper soiling, could be a contribut- ing factor in this colonization. Thus, the effect on periurethral flora of

  4. Extended Diaper Wearing: Effects on Continence in and out of the Diaper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarbox, Rachel S. F.; Williams, W. Larry; Friman, Patrick C.

    2004-01-01

    Diaper use is widespread and possibly even increasing across diverse populations in the United States, ranging from infants to very old adults. We found no reports of an experimental analysis of the effect of wearing diapers on the frequency of urinary accidents and the attainment of continence skills (e.g., urinating in the toilet). In this…

  5. Diaper dermatitis: etiology, manifestations, prevention, and management.

    PubMed

    Stamatas, Georgios N; Tierney, Neena K

    2014-01-01

    Pediatricians and parents report diaper dermatitis (DD) to be one of the most common skin diseases that affects almost every child at some point during the early months and years of life. Diapered skin is exposed to friction and excessive hydration, has a higher pH than nondiapered skin, and is repeatedly soiled with feces that contains enzymes with high irritation potential for the skin. The combination of these factors frequently results in skin damage, leading to visible erythematous lesions that can be irritating and painful to the child. Behavioral changes such as increased crying and agitation and changes in eating and sleeping patterns indicate emotional distress. Appropriate skin care can help to prevent the occurrence of DD and to speed up the healing of affected skin. This includes frequent diaper changes and aeration, gentle cleansing, and the use of a barrier cream. Mild to moderate cases usually resolve after a few days of following this routine, but the use of harsh cleaning products can exacerbate DD. PMID:24224482

  6. Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis: a complication of adult urinary incontinence.

    PubMed

    Van, Livia; Harting, Mandy; Rosen, Ted

    2008-07-01

    Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis is typically described as a severe irritant dermatitis of the perianal region. However, Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis, perianal pseudoverrucous papules and nodules, and granuloma gluteale infantum/ adultorum have been regarded as discrete entities or all part of the same clinical spectrum, representing the result of chronic, severe, irritant contact dermatitis. We present a case of Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis and a discussion of the clinical spectrum of diseases to which it belongs. PMID:18712028

  7. Autosensitisation (Autoeczematisation) reactions in a case of diaper dermatitis candidiasis

    PubMed Central

    Chirac, Anca; Brzezinski, Piotr; Chiriac, Anca E; Foia, Liliana; Pinteala, Tudor

    2014-01-01

    Diaper dermatitis is the most common cutaneous diagnosis in infants. Most cases are associated with the yeast colonisation of Candida or diaper dermatitis candidiasis (DDC). It is an irritating and inflammatory acute dermatitis in the perineal and perianal areas resulting from the occlusion and irritation caused by diapers. Autoeczematization to a distant focus of dermatophyte infection very rarely presents as DDC. We present a 1-month-old boy with lesion on diaper area (gluteal area, perineum, groin and genitalia) and with clusters of pustules and vesicles on a large erythematous base over the dorsal area of both hands. PMID:25013264

  8. [Clinical presentation and treatment of diaper dermatitis--part II].

    PubMed

    Fernandes, Juliana Dumet; Machado, Maria Cecília Rivitti; Oliveira, Zilda Najjar Prado de

    2009-01-01

    Diaper irritant contact dermatitis is the most prevalent diaper dermatitis and, probably, the most common cause of cutaneous disease in infants. Wearing diapers causes over-hydration and increase of local temperature and humidity. As a consequence, the skin becomes susceptible to friction from movement under the diaper. Occlusion, maceration and possibly Candida and bacteria may all play a role. Oils, soaps and powders can be irritants and aggravate the eruption. The best thing to do is prevention. Treatment is simple and depends on dermatitis type and severity. PMID:19377759

  9. Nappy (diaper) rash: what else besides irritant contact dermatitis?

    PubMed

    Carvalho, Vânia Oliveira; Robl, Renata; Uber, Marjorie; Abagge, Kerstin Taniguchi; Marinoni, Leide Parolin; Presa, Juliana Gomes Loyola

    2014-11-01

    Nappy (diaper) rash is a common cutaneous disorder of infancy, and diverse dermatoses may affect this region. To perform a differential diagnosis can be challenging. We present four cases to emphasise the importance of clinical diagnosis. PMID:25368136

  10. Premature Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    Each year, nearly 500,000 babies are premature, or preemies. That's 1 of every 8 infants born in the United States. A premature birth is when a baby is born before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. ...

  11. Diaper dermatitis-frequency and contributory factors in hospital attending children.

    PubMed

    Adalat, Shazia; Wall, David; Goodyear, Helen

    2007-01-01

    The incidence and prevalence of diaper dermatitis varies widely between published studies. It is a condition which causes considerable parental anxiety. To better understand the frequency of diaper dermatitis, treatment practices, and the current importance of previously identified etiologic factors, a questionnaire survey of parents who had children wearing diapers (n = 532) attending a large United Kingdom district general hospital was undertaken. At the time of survey, only 16% of the study population had diaper dermatitis. Forty-eight percent of the study population had never had an episode of diaper dermatitis. In a multivariate analysis, current diaper dermatitis was independently associated with four factors: presence of oral thrush, number of previous episodes, frequency of diaper changes, and diarrhea. Recurrent episodes of diaper dermatitis were associated with increasing age, lack of barrier cream use, current diaper rash, and frequency of diaper changes. In the majority of children with diaper dermatitis at the time of survey, treatment had been instituted in the community. Diaper dermatitis usually presents and is treated successfully outside the hospital setting and is not a common clinical problem in secondary care. PMID:17958792

  12. Babies and diarrhea

    MedlinePLUS

    Diarrhea and babies ... be difficult to tell when your baby has diarrhea. Most babies have a stool pattern that is ... following to help decide whether your baby has diarrhea: A sudden increase in how often your baby ...

  13. Losing Baby Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... after baby > Losing baby weight Your body after baby Your body changes a lot after having a ... page It's been added to your dashboard . Losing baby weight You've carried your baby for several ...

  14. baby knitting patterns baby patterns from knittingdaily

    E-print Network

    #12;2222222 1 baby knitting patterns 7 free baby patterns from knittingdaily: 1 Vine Lace Baby Hat Sandi Wiseheart 2 Baby's First Sock Ann Budd 3 Knitted Cuddlies Louisa Harding 4 Star Light, Star Bright Baby Blanket Anna Dillenberg Rachap 5 Barnyard Booties Sue Flanders 6 Origami Baby Kimono Bonnie Franz

  15. Another Baby?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kicks Count! New Moms & Dads Tips Bedtime Basics Baby Products Grieving Families Programs Get Involved Legacy Program First Birthday Parties Events Blog Buy From Our Store Blog About Grieving Families Surviving ...

  16. Baby Tales

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Science NetLinks (PBS; )

    2008-04-29

    This site helps students learn about the conception and development of various baby animals. Users can click on "breeding" to get some basic information about the different factors that determine the breeding period. They can then click on the breeding calendar and maneuver through all the months with the orange arrows on each side. The calendar has various animals listed in their correct breeding time. Students can click on an animal to bring up information on that animal's breeding season, number of babies in a litter, and weaning time. Next, students can click on "gestation" to receive some basic information about the development of the baby. They can then click on the gestation graph to see how long each baby takes to develop from conception to birth. Again, students will navigate through this graph using the arrows on each side of the graph.

  17. Your Growing Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Newborn screening Your baby right after birth Baby gear New Dads Caring for your baby Baby Care ... Make jerky, quivering arm movements Bring hands near face Keep hands in tight fists Move head from ...

  18. Breastfeeding Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    How does breastfeeding benefit my baby? Breastfeeding benefits your baby in the following ways: • Breast milk provides the perfect mix of ... health problems that preterm babies face. How does breastfeeding my baby benefit me? Breastfeeding is good for ...

  19. A summary of environmental legislation targeting disposable diapers and review of related literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia Cox Crews; Wendelin Rich; Shirley Niemeyer

    1994-01-01

    In recent years state and local governments, as well as private citizens, have become very concerned about the mounting solid waste disposal problem facing our nation. Special concern has been expressed over the presence of disposable diapers in the solid waste stream. Responding to the concerns, legislators in at least 25 states proposed actions regarding disposable diapers between 1990 and

  20. EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT TO DIOXINS FROM THE USE OF TAMPONS AND DIAPERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Exposure Assessment to Dioxins from the Use of Tampons and Diapers Michael J. DeVito and Arnold Schecter Abstract Methods: Four brands of tampons and four brands of infant diapers were analyzed for dioxin concentrations. Exposures to dioxins were modeled using parti...

  1. Diplomas and Diapers: Schooling for Young Street Mothers and Their Babies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, JoAnn; Roloff, Marilee

    1994-01-01

    Describes the Crosswalk program in Spokane, Washington, which provides teenage street mothers with housing, day care, and the opportunity to attend school. Discusses the development of the program, and describes the cases of several typical teenage mothers in the program. (MDM)

  2. Diabetic ketoacidosis in toddler with a diaper rash.

    PubMed

    Williams, Mark D; Sallee, Don; Robinson, Matthew

    2008-09-01

    The term diabetes does not denote a single disease entity but rather a clinical syndrome. Fundamental to all types of diabetes is impairment of insulin secretion by the pancreatic beta cells. Diabetes is divided into (1) diabetes associated with certain syndromes or conditions, (2) gestational diabetes, (3) non-insulin-dependent diabetes or type 2 diabetes, and (4) insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) or type 1 diabetes. The impairment of insulin secretion seen in diabetes is due to progressive loss of pancreatic beta-cell function secondary to an autoimmune-mediated process. Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder of childhood (2). We present a patient with a common finding in children, diaper candidiasis. Surprisingly, our patient was found to have IDDM and be in diabetic ketoacidosis. PMID:18774050

  3. Chapter 15. Electric Machinery Electric Machinery

    E-print Network

    Chapter 15. Electric Machinery 15-1 Electric Machinery Academic and Research Staff: James Kirtley, EECS and RLE Graduate Students: Steven Englebretson Summary Induction motors are the modern day workhorses of industry, consuming a substantial fraction of all electric power made in the industrial

  4. Comparison of the effect of human milk and topical hydrocortisone 1% on diaper dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Farahani, Leila Amiri; Ghobadzadeh, Maryam; Yousefi, Parsa

    2013-01-01

    Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin problems in infants and children, affecting between 7% and 35% of infants. This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of hydrocortisone 1% ointment with that of human breast milk in treating acute diaper dermatitis in infants ages 0 to 24 months. Infants with diaper rash were treated with either hydrocortisone 1% ointment (n = 70) or human breast milk (n = 71) for 7 days. Improvement in the rash from baseline was seen in both treatment groups on days 3 and 7; there was no significant difference in total rash scores on days 3 and 7. Treatment with human breast milk was as effective as hydrocortisone 1% ointment alone. Human breast milk is an effective and safe treatment for diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:23600719

  5. Babies Need Tummy Time

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Head FAQs Myths and Facts Babies Need Tummy Time! Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... of your baby’s normal growth. What Is Tummy Time? Tummy Time describes the times when you place ...

  6. Burping Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Burping Your Baby KidsHealth > Parents > Pregnancy & Newborn Center > Newborn Care > Burping ... up, crankiness, and gassiness. How to Burp Your Baby When burping your baby, repeated gentle patting on ...

  7. Babies and heat rashes

    MedlinePLUS

    Heat rashes and babies; Prickly heat rash; Red miliaria ... To avoid heat rash , keep your baby cool and dry during warm weather. Some helpful suggestions: During the hot season, dress your baby in lightweight, soft, cotton clothing. Cotton ...

  8. Making Babies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Irene Salter

    2012-04-09

    This activity is designed to introduce learners to genes, genotypes and simple inheritance patterns. In this activity, learners make guesses about their own genotype, create gametes from their genotypes, then make “babies” with a partner. Along the way, learners discover answers to the questions such as: What are genes? How are genes (and traits) passed on? How are gametes different than other cells in our body? Why don’t siblings look alike? This activity is designed to be used in conjunction with the "Human Traits" activity from the same resource but can be used alone.

  9. Improving diaper design to address incontinence associated dermatitis

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Incontinence associated dermatitis (IAD) is an inflammatory skin disease mainly triggered by prolonged skin contact with urine, feces but also liberal detergent use when cleansing the skin. To minimize the epidermal barrier challenge we optimized the design of adult incontinence briefs. In the fluid absorption area we interposed a special type of acidic, curled-type of cellulose between the top sheet in contact with the skin and the absorption core beneath containing the polyacrylate superabsorber. The intention was to minimize disturbance of the already weak acid mantle of aged skin. We also employed air-permeable side panels to minimize skin occlusion and swelling of the stratum corneum. Methods The surface pH of diapers was measured after repeated wetting with a urine substitute fluid at the level of the top sheet. Occlusive effects and hydration of the stratum corneum were measured after a 4 hour application of different side panel materials by corneometry on human volunteers. Finally, we evaluated skin symptoms in 12 patients with preexisting IAD for 21 days following the institutional switch to the optimized diaper design. Local skin care protocols remained in place unchanged. Results The improved design created a surface pH of 4.6 which was stable even after repeated wetting throughout a 5 hour period. The "standard design" briefs had values of 7.1, which is alkaline compared to the acidic surface of normal skin. Side panels made from non-woven material with an air-permeability of more than 1200 l/m2/s avoided excessive hydration of the stratum corneum when compared to the commonly employed air-impermeable plastic films. Resolution of pre-existing IAD skin lesions was noted in 8 out of 12 patients after the switch to the optimized brief design. Conclusions An improved design of adult-type briefs can create an acidic pH on the surface and breathable side panels avoid over-hydration of the stratum corneum and occlusion. This may support the epidermal barrier function and may help to reduce the occurrence of IAD. PMID:21092161

  10. Spitting Up in Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    MENU Return to Web version Spitting Up in Babies Why do babies spit up? Babies spit up when they've eaten too much or when they've swallowed too much air while feeding. Spitting up usually happens when babies burp. It can also ...

  11. BabyCenter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    BabyCenter, provided by BabyCenter, Inc., aims to be a clearinghouse of information for expectant or new parents. Users can consult the Baby Monitor (digests of late breaking news), an interactive baby namer, an Ask the Experts section, and several relevant calculators (including an immunization scheduler, a due date calculator, and a budgeting for baby estimator). The site also contains various short articles in six major areas including pregnancy, family life, and working parents.

  12. Re-emergence of papulonodular napkin dermatitis with use of reusable diapers: report of 5 cases.

    PubMed

    Maruani, Annabel; Lorette, Gérard; Barbarot, Sébastien; Potier, Alexandra; Bessis, Didier; Hasselmann, Caroline; Mazereeuw-Hautier, Juliette

    2013-04-01

    The use of reusable diapers, often made of cotton and bamboo material, is becoming more widespread in France--with the "eco" fashion, as they are considered more natural, ecologic and economic. We report 5 cases of papulonodular lesions in convex skin areas associated with the use of these diapers in infants. One case was typical Sevestre and Jacquet erosive dermatitis. The 4 others presented skin-coloured umbilicated papules or nodules with slight or no erythema and could be considered early-stage Sevestre and Jacquet erosive dermatitis, granuloma gluteale (1 case) or pseudo-verrucous papules. These 3 diagnoses probably belong to the same disease spectrum, proposed as "irritant napkin papulonodules". Napkin lesions occurred subsequent to 1) in all cases, use of reusable diapers, which are probably less absorbent than disposable diapers; 2) in 2 cases, insufficient food, which was responsible for lack of weight gain and delayed healing; and 3) in 1 case, diarrhea, which worsened the moisture. We alert physicians to possible papulonodular napkin dermatitis in infants wearing reusable diapers. PMID:23557992

  13. Caring for Your Premature Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Your baby's immunizations Immunizations (also called vaccines or shots) are given to premature babies at the same ... term babies. Your baby may need a flu shot when she or he reaches 6 months of ...

  14. Immunizations for Preterm Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... may decide to change the timetable for the hepatitis B vaccine, perhaps waiting to give it until the baby is a little older. Nevertheless, medically stable preterm babies weighing more than 2.2 ... to the recommended schedule. Last Updated ...

  15. How Your Baby Grows

    MedlinePLUS

    ... water or fruit juice. Eat more foods with fiber, like fruits and vegetables. You can still have sex, but stop if you feel pain or cramping. Month 7 Your baby Your baby can open and close her eyes and suck her thumb. Your baby kicks and ...

  16. The New Baby.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brain, Helen

    This book for beginning readers tells the story of a South African priest and his wife who are ashamed when their daughter tells them she is going to have a baby. They refuse to have anything to do with her when she is pregnant. However, when the baby comes, everything changes and they come to accept and love the baby. Large black and white…

  17. Noncommutative Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Theodora Ioannidou; Olaf Lechtenfeld

    2009-06-29

    We subject the baby Skyrme model to a Moyal deformation, for unitary or Grassmannian target spaces and without a potential term. In the abelian case, the radial BPS configurations of the ordinary noncommutative sigma model also solve the baby Skyrme equation of motion. This gives a class of exact analytic noncommutative baby Skyrmions, which have a singular commutative limit but are stable against scaling due to the noncommutativity. We compute their energies, investigate their stability and determine the asymptotic two-Skyrmion interaction.

  18. No More Leaks: A Process-Oriented Lesson Exploring the Invention and Chemistry of Disposable Diapers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ellen Schiller

    2009-10-01

    High school chemistry can be intimidating to some students, so it is critical that we engage students in nonthreatening preparatory investigations during middle school. Based on the learning cycle model (Bybee and Landes 1990), this lesson invites students to investigate disposable diapers. As they explore the properties of sodium polyarcylate, a super-absorbent polymer exposed to water and simulated urine (colored salt water), students practice many inquiry skills: observation, measurement, graphing, and data analysis.

  19. Biomonitoring of infant exposure to phenolic endocrine disruptors using urine expressed from disposable gel diapers.

    PubMed

    Liu, Liangpo; Xia, Tongwei; Zhang, Xueqin; Barr, Dana Boyd; Alamdar, Ambreen; Zhang, Jie; Tian, Meiping; Huang, Qingyu; Shen, Heqing

    2014-08-01

    Infant exposure to endocrine disruptors (EDs) may cause adverse health effects because of their fast growth and development during this life stage. However, collecting urine from infants for exposure assessment using biological monitoring is not an easy task. For this purpose, we evaluated the feasibility of using urine expressed from disposable gel absorbent diapers (GADs) as a matrix for biomonitoring selected phenolic EDs. GADs urine was expressed with the assistance of CaCl(2) and was collected using a device fabricated in our laboratory. The analytes were extracted and concentrated using a liquid-liquid method and their hydroxyl groups were modified by dansyl chloride to enhance their chromatography and detection. Finally, the analytes were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The target chemicals were bisphenol A, triclosan, 17 ?-ethynylestradiol, the natural hormone estrone, and 17 ?-estradiol. The ratio of the CaCl(2) to the urine-wetted gel absorbent, variation of the inter-urination volume, and analyte deposition bias in the diaper were assessed. Analyte blank values in the diapers, the sample storage stabilities, and recoveries of the analytes were also evaluated. The results showed that 70-80 % of the urine could be expressed from the diaper with the assistance of CaCl(2) and 70.5-124 % of the spiked analytes can be recovered in the expressed urine. The limits of detections (LODs) were 0.02-0.27 ng/mL, well within the range for detection in human populations. Our pilot data suggest that infants are widely exposed to the selected EDs. PMID:24924209

  20. Breastfeed Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can pump and store your breast milk at work. Most employers are now required by law to give you time and a place to pump milk for your baby. Get more information about: Pumping and storing your breast milk Your rights at work Get close to your baby right away. Tell ...

  1. Feeding Your Baby in the NICU

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Newborn screening Your baby right after birth Baby gear New Dads Caring for your baby Baby Care ... warm skin and letting your baby observe your face. You can also continue to do kangaroo care ...

  2. Electrometric assessment of the effect of a zinc oxide paste in diaper dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Xhauflaire-Uhoda, E; Henry, F; Piérard-Franchimont, C; Piérard, G E

    2009-10-01

    Diaper dermatitis affects nearly 50% of infants as well as some bed-ridden adults particularly in the elderly people. This condition is induced by irritation and maceration, and may be further exacerbated by Candida sp. colonization and infection. A key factor in the pathogenesis is the alteration in both the barrier function and the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of an unmedicated zinc oxide-petrolatum paste and to observe for possible shielding and restoring effects on the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum altered by diaper dermatitis. The paste appeared to load the hollow skin microrelief. It was inferred that this effect was responsible for a reticulated shielding effect. Compared with healthy skin and untreated diaper dermatitis, the application of the anhydrous paste resulted in a trend to normalize electrometric properties of skin reflecting the combination of transepidermal water loss and the water-holding capacity of the stratum corneum. PMID:19467034

  3. Beginning at the bottom: evidence-based care of diaper dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Heimall, Lauren M; Storey, Beth; Stellar, Judith J; Davis, Katherine Finn

    2012-01-01

    Diaper dermatitis (DD), an acute inflammatory reaction of skin in the perineal area, is an extremely common pediatric condition. Nurses' practice of preventing and treating DD is inconsistent and often not evidence-based. In addition, a 2008 Skin Injury Prevalence Study at our hospital revealed that 24% of inpatients had DD. The authors developed a project to determine a consistent and evidence-based approach to DD prevention and treatment including the availability of products. A complete literature review was conducted in addition to benchmarking with other pediatric hospitals, consultation with topic experts, and evaluation of current nursing practice prior to revising the existing perineal skin care nursing standard. The evidence supports frequent diaper changes, use of super absorbent diapers, and protection of perineal skin with a product containing petrolatum and/or zinc oxide. As supported by the literature, we revised the standard to include improvements in practice as well as product updates for prevention and treatment. Hospital-wide implementation of the revised standard included training "Skin Care Champions" to educate staff and support practice improvements. Ongoing education and monitoring by the Skin Care Champions is necessary to further improve the prevention and treatment of DD for our patients. PMID:22072018

  4. Instability in Rotating Machinery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    The proceedings contain 45 papers on a wide range of subjects including flow generated instabilities in fluid flow machines, cracked shaft detection, case histories of instability phenomena in compressors, turbines, and pumps, vibration control in turbomachinery (including antiswirl techniques), and the simulation and estimation of destabilizing forces in rotating machines. The symposium was held to serve as an update on the understanding and control of rotating machinery instability problems.

  5. Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...

  6. Shaken Baby Syndrome

    MedlinePLUS

    ... brain. Doctors may use brain scans, such as MRI and CT, to make a more definite diagnosis. What is the prognosis? In comparison with accidental traumatic brain injury in infants, shaken baby injuries have a much ...

  7. Feeding Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... to Order Bottles Feeding FAQs Bottle Adaptations Movie Credits Terms & Conditions Feeding Your Baby Booklet Parents and ... Help Send us Feedback Terms and Conditions | Movie Credits Click here for the booklet version of our ...

  8. Isospinning baby Skyrmion solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Battye, Richard A.; Haberichter, Mareike

    2013-12-01

    We perform full two-dimensional (2D) numerical relaxations of isospinning soliton solutions in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken by the 2D analogue of the pion mass term in the Skyrme model. In our calculations we explicitly allow the isospinning solitons to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configurations. We find that stable isospinning baby Skyrme solutions can be constructed numerically for all angular frequencies ??min?(?,1), where ? is the mass parameter of the model. Stable, rotationally symmetric baby Skyrmion solutions for higher angular velocities are simply an artefact of the hedgehog approximation. Isospinning multisoliton solutions of topological charge B turn out to be unstable to break up into their B charge-1 constituents at some critical breakup frequency value. Furthermore, we find that for ? sufficiently large the rotational symmetry of charge-2 baby Skyrmions becomes broken at a critical angular frequency ?.

  9. Your Colicky Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to Know Your Colicky Baby KidsHealth > Parents > Growth ... you down to the point where you feel like joining in. What could be upsetting your child? All newborns cry and show some fussiness. But ...

  10. Can Baby Hear?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Current Issue Past Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Can Baby Hear? Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table ... to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). Prior to this, the average age ...

  11. Shaken Baby Syndrome.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Randell C.; Smith, Wilbur L.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the history, epidemiology, biomechanics, diagnosis, treatment, outcomes, long-term management, and prevention of shaken baby syndrome. It presents medical-legal issues as well as a discussion of programs aimed at prevention of physical abuse. (Author/DB)

  12. Bonding with Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the child's social and cognitive development. Why Is Bonding Important? Bonding is essential for a baby. Studies ... as biological parents and their children. Back Continue Bonding With Daddy Men these days spend more time ...

  13. Baby Universes Revisited

    E-print Network

    J. Ambjorn; J. Barkley; T. Budd; R. Loll

    2011-10-18

    The behaviour of baby universes has been an important ingredient in understanding and quantifying non-critical string theory or, equivalently, models of two-dimensional Euclidean quantum gravity coupled to matter. Within a regularized description based on dynamical triangulations, we amend an earlier conjecture by Jain and Mathur on the scaling behaviour of genus-$g$ surfaces containing particular baby universe `necks', and perform a nontrivial numerical check on our improved conjecture.

  14. Compact baby Skyrmions

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, C. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Klimas, P. [Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Carlos, Caixa Postal 369, CEP 13560-970, Sao Carlos-SP (Brazil); Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Wereszczynski, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow (Poland)

    2009-11-15

    For the baby Skyrme model with a specific potential, compacton solutions, i.e., configurations with a compact support and parabolic approach to the vacuum, are derived. Specifically, in the nontopological sector, we find spinning Q-balls and Q-shells, as well as peakons. Moreover, we obtain compact baby skyrmions with nontrivial topological charge. All these solutions may form stable multisoliton configurations provided they are sufficiently separated.

  15. 49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    49. Machinery rooms on north tower. Facing north. Machinery rooms contain all motors, motor controllers, and gears for operating one span, in this case, the north span. Note bell with continuous operating clapper for use as fog signals. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  16. When Babies Scream: Why Babies Scream and What to Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2006-01-01

    When a baby screams, that is a signal that all is not well for the body of the baby, for her emotional well-being, and/or for the baby's relationship with the teacher. During the first year of life, infants learn that adults are in control of providing reassuring care. Adults will "make things better" when a baby's tummy feels horribly empty, when…

  17. Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... start! 1. Protect your baby’s teeth with fluoride. Fluoride (said like floor-eyed ) protects teeth from tooth decay. It can even heal early decay. Fluoride is in the drinking water of many towns ...

  18. Parents Are Baby's First and

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Parents Are Baby's First and Best Teachers Take Good Care of Yourself Your child will learn more of smell, taste, sight, hearing, and touch. You can help your baby develop her senses by providing playthings that can be seen, heard, and touched. Playing helps your baby to strength- en and use her muscles

  19. Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

    2009-01-01

    With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

  20. The amazing baby brain

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS; )

    2007-05-25

    If you were watching television with the sound turned off, do you think you could tell what language the actors were speaking in? Babies can, according to new research. At least, they can tell whether a face is speaking their native language or a foreign language.

  1. No Baby Left behind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Dorothy

    2007-01-01

    "No Baby Left Behind" was created to have an impact on the school readiness of children in the community today and in the future. Each year, there are an increasing number of students who have learning difficulties. Many of these problems are preventable. Accidents, poor nutrition (of the mother and/or child), drug use, alcohol use, and lack of…

  2. Cosleeping and Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... as the mother reduces the risk of SIDS. Buy a device that looks like a bassinet or play yard with one side that is lower, which attaches to your bed to allow you and baby to be next to each other while eliminating ...

  3. Dogs Over Babies

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-08-19

    wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

  4. Shaken baby syndrome.

    PubMed

    Miehl, Nickolaus J

    2005-01-01

    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a violent act of abuse that can cause myriad neurologic, cognitive, and other functional deficits. In the most serious cases, death can result. Health care practitioners, child care providers, and parents must be educated on the signs of SBS. Cases should be thoroughly reviewed and prevention strategies developed to prevent future incidents. PMID:17073042

  5. Selecting the Perfect Baby

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Julia Omarzu

    2002-09-01

    This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter, Molly, was born with a rare genetic disorder. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes' hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby's u

  6. Multirobot inspection of industrial machinery

    E-print Network

    Correll, Nikolaus

    Inspection of aircraft and power generation machinery using a swarm of miniature robots is a promising application both from an intellectual and a commercial perspective. Our research is motivated by a case study concerned ...

  7. Machinery Safety on the Farm

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Grisso, Robert

    Machinery Safety on the Farm is an online publication designed for Virginia Tech students and instructors that provides an overview of various aspects of maintaining safety in a farm setting. The document highlights common hazards in machinery, complete with diagrams and descriptions for each type; then delves into the various precautions necessary to avoid accidents involving the aforementioned problem areas. The article is available as the html page, or as an optional pdf at the bottom of the page.

  8. Aloof baby Skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul

    2015-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  9. Aloof Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

    2014-09-29

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  10. Aloof Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Salmi, Petja

    2014-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  11. Having Healthy Babies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Association for the Advancement of Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science; )

    2003-01-01

    The Science Inside: Having Healthy BabiesThis booklet summarizes what health professionals know about healthy babies and mothers. It shows women how to avoid or reduce the health risks of pregnancy, provides information about the development of healthy infants and toddlers, and outlines the steps of pregnancy from conception to labor and delivery to postnatal care. Having Healthy Babies directs readers to more sources of information and to the latest scientific research.The Science Inside e-book series is intended to be a bridge between the consumer health brochure and the scientific paper, the booklets in this series focus on the science that is inside of, or behind, the disease its cause, its possible cure, its treatment, promising research, and so on. These booklets are designed to appeal to people who have not had the opportunity to study the science and to understand why they may have been given some of the advice that they have been given through some of the more consumer-oriented materials.

  12. A collodion baby with hypothyroidism.

    PubMed

    Dogan, D G; Aslan, M; Karabiber, H

    2010-01-01

    Collodion baby is a rare keratinizing congenital disorder. Although it is milder in degree than harlequin fetus, the infant is at risk for increased water loss, thermal instability, percutaneous toxicity, and infection as a result of an impaired skin barrier function. Here we report on an 11 days-old collodion baby with hypernatremic dehydratation, septicemia and congenital hypothyroidism. To our knowledge congenital hypothyroidism associated with collodion baby is reported in only one case up to date. PMID:20964127

  13. The musical dimension of daily routines with under?four children during diaper change, bedtime and free?play

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Rita Addessi

    2009-01-01

    This paper deals with an action?research project currently being undertaken at the University of Bologna concerning the observation of music making during daily routines with under?four children during diaper change, bedtime and free?play. Several observational protocols were carried out in natural and spontaneous contexts. The data analysis was based on the analysis of video?recordings using an observational grid, check?list and

  14. De (baby) Sitter overlaps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benna, Marcus K.

    2013-02-01

    In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a (1+1)-dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

  15. Mapping the Baby Universe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wanjek, Christopher

    2003-01-01

    In June, NASA plans to launch the Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP) to survey the ancient radiation in unprecedented detail. MAP will map slight temperature fluctuations within the microwave background that vary by only 0.00001 C across a chilly radiation that now averages 2.73 C above absolute zero. The temperature differences today point back to density differences in the fiery baby universe, in which there was a little more matter here and a little less matter there. Areas of slightly enhanced density had stronger gravity than low-density areas. The high-density areas pulled back on the background radiation, making it appear slightly cooler in those directions.

  16. Isorotating Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    A. Halavanau; Yakov Shnir

    2013-10-11

    We discuss how internal rotation with fixed angular frequency can affect the solitons in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the SO(2). Two particular choices of the potential term are considered, the "old" potential and the "new" double vacuum potential, We do not impose any assumptions about the symmetry on the fields. Our results confirm existence of two types of instabilities determined by the relation between the mass parameter of the potential and the angular frequency.

  17. De (Baby) Sitter Overlaps

    E-print Network

    Marcus K. Benna

    2012-10-30

    In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a 1+1 dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

  18. Baby-Crying Acceptance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martins, Tiago; de Magalhăes, Sérgio Tenreiro

    The baby's crying is his most important mean of communication. The crying monitoring performed by devices that have been developed doesn't ensure the complete safety of the child. It is necessary to join, to these technological resources, means of communicating the results to the responsible, which would involve the digital processing of information available from crying. The survey carried out, enabled to understand the level of adoption, in the continental territory of Portugal, of a technology that will be able to do such a digital processing. It was used the TAM as the theoretical referential. The statistical analysis showed that there is a good probability of acceptance of such a system.

  19. Shaken baby syndrome.

    PubMed

    Altimier, Leslie

    2008-01-01

    Non-accidental head trauma in infants is the leading cause of infant death from injury. Clinical features that suggest head trauma (also known as shaken baby syndrome or shaken impact syndrome) include the triad consisting of retinal hemorrhage, subdural, and/or subarachnoid hemorrhage in an infant with little signs of external trauma. Abusive head injuries are among the most common causes of serious and lethal injuries in children. These injuries may result from impact or shaking or a combination of these mechanisms. These mechanisms cause the child's head to undergo acceleration/ deceleration movements, which may create inertial movement of the brain within the cranial compartment. PMID:18287904

  20. [The shaken baby syndrome].

    PubMed

    Aguilar Serrano, Alicia; Reyes Morillas, María; Ráez Liébanas, Andrés; Ruiz Rodríguez, Concepción

    2006-11-01

    The shaken baby syndrome is caused by a violent jerk or shaking of a child's or infant's head; on some occasions this syndrome is defined as a form of child abuse. This relatively unknown syndrome can produce multiple lesions in the victim; these lesions are not evident externally in the majority of cases. The authors have reviewed numerous articles so that they can define this syndrome's basic characteristics which bear much weight in the early detection of this syndrome and moreover on adequate prevention of this syndrome by health professionals since this syndrome may cause grave and permanent repercussions in the child which undergoes it. PMID:17201333

  1. Steeping Preservation of Baby Corn

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Poonam Aggarwal; Ravneet Kaur

    2010-01-01

    Baby sweet corn (Zea mays var. rugosa Bonaf.) is used in Asian cuisine and considered a specialty item outside of Asia. Dehusked baby corn, harvested at 2 and 4 days after silk emergence, was preserved in a steeping solution and packed in glass jars. The steeping solution used concentrations of acetic acid from 0.5% to 2.0% and sodium chloride from

  2. Colostrum: Your Baby's First Meal

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the breasts are not yet extremely full of milk, they remain soft and supple after delivery, making it easier for the baby to learn to suckle. In these early days, it is normal for a baby to lose some weight. This weight loss consists of extra fluid accumulated during pregnancy. In ...

  3. Growth and the Premature Baby

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Gibson; S. Carney; J. K. H. Wales

    2006-01-01

    There is considerable evidence to show that babies born prematurely have poor postnatal growth, and the more premature the baby, the greater the impairment is likely to be and the longer it will persist. Nutrition has been shown to play an important part in this, but adequate nutrition is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve in these infants. In the

  4. JSW's baby cyclotron

    SciTech Connect

    Toda, Y.; Kaneda, Y.; Satoh, Y.; Suzukawa, I.; Yamada, T.

    1983-04-01

    Designed by The Japan Steel Works, Ltd., specially for installation in a hospital's medical department and nuclear research laboratory, '' JSW BABY CYCLOTRON '' has been developed to produce short-lived radioisotopes such as 11C, 13N, 15O and 18F. JSW's Baby Cyclotron has some design features. 1) Fixed energy and four sector azimuthally varying field. 2) Compact figure desired for hospital's nuclear medical department 3) A bitter type magnet yoke shielding activity 4) Simple control and operation 5) Easy maintenance without skilled personnel. Type BC105 (P:10MeV, d:5MeV), BC107 (P:10MeV, d:7MeV), BC168 (P:16MeV, d:8MeV) and BC1710 (P:17MeV, d:10MeV) are available according to required amount of radioisotopes. In our radioisotope production test, yield and purity of 11C, 13N, 15O and 18F are usable to clinical diagnosis.

  5. Broken Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Juha Jäykkä; Martin Speight; Paul Sutcliffe

    2011-09-01

    The baby Skyrme model is a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of the Skyrme model, in which baryons are described by topological solitons. In this paper we introduce a version of the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the dihedral group D_N. It is found that the single soliton in this theory is composed of N partons, that are topologically confined. The case N=3 is studied in some detail and multi-soliton solutions are computed. These soliton solutions are related to polyiamonds, which are plane figures composed of equilateral triangles joined by common edges. It is shown that the solitons may be viewed as pieces of a doubly periodic soliton lattice. An alternative model with D_3 symmetry is also introduced, which has an exact explicit soliton lattice solution. Soliton solutions are computed and compared in the two D_3 theories. Some comments are made regarding the extension of these ideas to the Skyrme model.

  6. Nonaxisymmetric baby-Skyrmion branes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delsate, Térence; Hayasaka, Masahiro; Sawado, Nobuyuki

    2012-12-01

    We investigate the existence of nonaxisymmetric solutions in the six-dimensional baby-Skyrme brane model. The brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extra dimensions. Such nonsymmetric branes have already been constructed in the original 2+1-dimensional baby-Skyrme model in flat space. We generalize this result to the case of gravitating baby Skyrme and in the context of extra dimensions. These nontrivial deformations from the axisymmetric shape appear for higher values of the topological charge, so we consider the cases of B=3, 4, where B is the topological charge. We solve the coupled system of the Einstein and baby-Skyrme equations by the successive over-relaxation method. We argue that the result may be a possible resolution for the fermion mass hierarchy puzzle.

  7. OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF STIRLING MACHINERY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    YONG-RAK KWON; DAVID M BERCHOWITZ

    Alternative cooling technology using the Stirling cycle has been considered for application in domestic and commercial refrigeration by virtue of environmental friendliness and low energy consumption. However, the general features of the Stirling cooling system are not familiar to the refrigeration industry. Recently Stirling cooling machinery in the form of the free-piston Stirling cooler (FPSC) has reached an advanced stage

  8. Diapers in war zones: ethnomedical factors in acute childhood gastroenteritis in Peshawar, Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Zaidi, Saira H; Smith-Morris, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    This article considers ethnomedical knowledge and practices among parents related to contraction of acute gastroenteritis among children in Peshawar, Pakistan. Research methods included analysis of the Emergency Pediatric Services' admission register, a structured interview administered to 47 parents of patients seen in the Khyber Medical College Teaching Hospital, semi-structured interviews of 12 staff, and four home visits among families with children treated at the hospital. The use of native research assistants and participant observation contributed to the reliability of the findings, though the ethnographic, home-visit sample is small. Our research indicated that infection rates are exacerbated in homes through two culturally salient practices and one socioeconomic condition. Various misconceptions propagate the recurrence or perserverance of acute gastroenteritis including assumptions about teething leading to poor knowledge of disease etiology, rehydration solutions leading to increased severity of disease, and diaper usage leading to the spread of disease. In our Discussion, we suggest how hospital structures of authority and gender hierarchy may impact hospital interactions, the flow of information, and its respective importance to the patient's parents leading to possible propagation of disease. These ethnographic data offer a relatively brief but targeted course of action to improve the effectiveness of prevention and treatment efforts. PMID:25768117

  9. Diapers in War Zones: Ethnomedical Factors in Acute Childhood Gastroenteritis in Peshawar, Pakistan

    PubMed Central

    Zaidi, Saira H.; Smith-Morris, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    This article considers ethnomedical knowledge and practices among parents related to contraction of acute gastroenteritis among children in Peshawar, Pakistan. Research methods included analysis of the Emergency Pediatric Services’ admission register, a structured interview administered to 47 parents of patients seen in the Khyber Medical College Teaching Hospital, semi-structured interviews of 12 staff, and four home visits among families with children treated at the hospital. The use of native research assistants and participant observation contributed to the reliability of the findings, though the ethnographic, home-visit sample is small. Our research indicated that infection rates are exacerbated in homes through two culturally salient practices and one socioeconomic condition. Various misconceptions propagate the recurrence or perserverance of acute gastroenteritis including assumptions about teething leading to poor knowledge of disease etiology, rehydration solutions leading to increased severity of disease, and diaper usage leading to the spread of disease. In our Discussion, we suggest how hospital structures of authority and gender hierarchy may impact hospital interactions, the flow of information, and its respective importance to the patient’s parents leading to possible propagation of disease. These ethnographic data offer a relatively brief but targeted course of action to improve the effectiveness of prevention and treatment efforts. PMID:25768117

  10. 46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required by § 130.460 of this...

  11. 46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required by § 130.460 of this...

  12. 46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required by § 130.460 of this...

  13. 46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required by § 130.460 of this...

  14. 46 CFR 130.450 - Machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.450 Machinery alarms. (a) Each alarm required by § 130.460 of this...

  15. Brown Baby Reads

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-01-01

    Based in Chicago, Brown Baby Reads is a not-for-profit organization with a mission "to celebrate, encourage, and promote literacy in African-American children." On the website, visitors can learn about their initiatives and find out about age-appropriate books for children. In the "Database" area, visitors can peruse information on over 1,500 books that feature African American children as main characters and books written by African American authors. Visitors can also search the books by author, title, illustrator, age group, category, or themes. The site is rounded out by a number of links to free online resources from around the web related to reading, literacy, and cultural diversity.

  16. Isorotating baby Skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Halavanau, A.; Shnir, Ya.

    2013-10-01

    We discuss how internal rotation with fixed angular frequency can affect the solitons in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the SO(2). Two particular choices of the potential term are considered, the “old” potential and the “new” double vacuum potential, We do not impose any assumptions about the symmetry on the fields. Our results confirm existence of two types of instabilities determined by the relation between the mass parameter of the potential ? and the angular frequency ?. It is shown that multi-Skyrmions in the model with old potential at some critical value of the angular frequency become unstable with respect to decay into single Skyrmion constituents.

  17. Shaken baby syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Blumenthal, I

    2002-01-01

    Shaken baby syndrome is the most common cause of death or serious neurological injury resulting from child abuse. It is specific to infancy, when children have unique anatomic features. Subdural and retinal haemorrhages are markers of shaking injury. An American radiologist, John Caffey, coined the name whiplash shaken infant syndrome in 1974. It was, however, a British neurosurgeon, Guthkelch who first described shaking as the cause of subdural haemorrhage in infants. Impact was later thought to play a major part in the causation of brain damage. Recently improved neuropathology and imaging techniques have established the cause of brain injury as hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive and specific method of confirming a shaking injury. Families of children with subdural haemorrhages should be thoroughly investigated by social welfare agencies. PMID:12509690

  18. A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health #12;Healthy teeth are important-- even baby teeth. Children need healthy teeth to help them chew and to speak clearly. And baby teeth hold space for adult teeth. This booklet can help you keep your baby

  19. A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health #12;#12;A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby Healthy teeth are important--even baby teeth. Children need healthy teeth to help them chew and to speak clearly. And baby teeth hold space for adult teeth

  20. What Is Your Your baby is one of a kind. Babies are

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Month 5 5 What Is Your Baby Like? Your baby is one of a kind. Babies are different in many ways: All of these things make up your baby's temperament or person- ality. Some combinations are easier to live with than others. Some babies are active and predictable. They adapt easily to change

  1. Easy plane baby skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Juha Jäykkä; Martin Speight

    2011-02-02

    The baby Skyrme model is studied with a novel choice of potential, $V=1/2 \\phi_3^2$. This "easy plane" potential vanishes at the equator of the target two-sphere. Hence, in contrast to previously studied cases, the boundary value of the field breaks the residual SO(2) internal symmetry of the model. Consequently, even the unit charge skyrmion has only discrete symmetry and consists of a bound state of two half lumps. A model of long-range inter-skyrmion forces is developed wherein a unit skyrmion is pictured as a single scalar dipole inducing a massless scalar field tangential to the vacuum manifold. This model has the interesting feature that the two-skyrmion interaction energy depends only on the average orientation of the dipoles relative to the line joining them. Its qualitative predictions are confirmed by numerical simulations. Global energy minimizers of charges B=1,...,14,18,32 are found numerically. Up to charge B=6, the minimizers have 2B half lumps positioned at the vertices of a regular 2B-gon. For charges B >= 7, rectangular or distorted rectangular arrays of 2B half lumps are preferred, as close to square as possible.

  2. [Shaken baby syndrome].

    PubMed

    Reith, W; Rohrer, T; Ahlhelm, F; Papanagiotou, P

    2009-10-01

    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) describes the coincidence of subdural hematoma, retinal bleeding and, disadvantageous for the prognosis, diffuse brain damage caused by powerful shaking of the infant. The clinical symptoms include irritability, difficulty with drinking, somnolence, apathy, cerebral cramp attacks, apnoea, temperature regulation disorders and vomiting due to cranial pressure. Milder symptoms of SBS are often not diagnosed and the number of unregistered cases is probably much greater. The diagnosis of SBS is made through the typical symptom constellation, but the lack of retinal bleeding does not exclude the diagnosis. Normally the infants are held by the thorax or upper arms and shaken in a sagittal direction during which the head falls backwards and forwards and is stopped abruptly at each extreme position. The injurious mechanism is considered to be caused by rotational forces which force tissue layers in the brain against each other and also lead to rupture of bridging veins between the skull and the brain. The prognosis is poor and approximately 25% of infants die of SBS within days or weeks. Approximately 75% of survivors suffer from long term damage with physical handicaps, limitations in hearing, visual disturbances up to blindness and mental disorders or combinations of these conditions. Prevention is therefore the most important aspect. PMID:19784614

  3. A Randomized Comparative Trial on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Topical Aloe vera and Calendula officinalis on Diaper Dermatitis in Children

    PubMed Central

    Panahi, Yunes; Sharif, Mohamad Reza; Sharif, Alireza; Beiraghdar, Fatemeh; Zahiri, Zahra; Amirchoopani, Golnoush; Marzony, Eisa Tahmasbpour; Sahebkar, Amirhossein

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. Diaper dermatitis (DD) is a common inflammatory disorder among children and infants. The objective of the present randomized and double-blind trial was to compare the therapeutic efficacies of Aloe vera cream and Calendula officinalis ointment on the frequency and severity of DD in children. Methods. Sixty-six infants with DD (aged < 3 years) were randomized to receive either Aloe cream (n = 32) or Calendula ointment (n = 34). Infants were treated with these drugs 3 times a day for 10 days. The severity of dermatitis was graded at baseline as well as at the end of trial using a 5-point scale. The adverse effects of study medications were assessed during the trial. Results. Although improvement in the severity of DD was observed in both treatment groups (P < 0.001), patients receiving Calendula ointment had significantly fewer rash sites compared to Aloe group (P = 0.001). No adverse effect was reported from either of the medications. Discussion. The evidence from this study suggests that topical Aloe and in particular Calendula could serve as safe and effective treatment for the treatment of diaper dermatitis in infants. PMID:22606064

  4. Quantum entanglement of baby universes

    SciTech Connect

    Essman, Eric P.; Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

    2006-12-07

    We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

  5. Quantum entanglement of baby universes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

    2007-08-01

    We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

  6. Collodion baby and lamellar ichthyosis.

    PubMed

    Sandler, B; Hashimoto, K

    1998-02-01

    It is important to differentiate the collodion baby from harlequin ichthyosis as the latter rarely survives past the first few days of life. Occasionally, babies share features of both disorders and defy a clinical diagnosis. We recently encountered such a baby who initially presented with harlequin-like features, but evolved into lamellar ichthyosis once the keratin cast was shed. Since the routine histology of all these ichthyoses is similar, we used electron microscopy to study serial biopsy specimens from the affected infant on days 7, 14, and 150, and compared them to our own other cases of harlequin ichthyosis and lamellar ichthyosis. Electron microscopic studies of our case revealed that the marginal band of cornified cells of the stratum corneum was absent when the baby exhibited collodion/harlequin ichthyosis features. Another biopsy taken when the clinical picture evolved into lamellar-like ichthyosis, showed a well-formed marginal band in the cornified cells. In harlequin ichthyosis, the marginal band is present at birth. It is suggested that electron microscopy can differentiate severe collodion baby from harlequin ichthyosis at birth using the absence of the marginal band. Previously reported features of harlequin ichthyosis, such as the presence of giant mitochondria and an abnormal formation of the marginal band in luminal villi of acrosyringeal eccrine duct, were absent in our case. PMID:9521501

  7. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome: Never shake a baby

    PubMed Central

    Ward, Michelle GK; Bennett, Susan; King, W James

    2004-01-01

    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) represents injuries to the head, skeleton and eyes of a young child and is the leading cause of fatal or life-threatening child abuse. SBS is preventable. The dangers and consequences of shaking a baby are not well appreciated by the general public. Simple educational programs and community nursing support programs have been shown to be helpful. Inadequate physician training and knowledge in child maltreatment have also been identified as problems. This article outlines the evidence for interventions in the prevention of SBS and recommendations for health care providers and educators. PMID:19657516

  8. 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 11 (June 5, 2008), the eleventh day after landing. It shows the trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm. The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test. The trench on the right is informally called 'Baby Bear.' The sample dug from Baby Bear will be delivered to the Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA. The Baby Bear trench is 9 centimeters (3.1 inches) wide and 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) deep.

    The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

  9. Magnetothermodynamics of BPS baby skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2014-11-01

    The magnetothermodynamics of skyrmion type matter described by the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model at zero temperature is investigated. We prove that the BPS property of the model is preserved also for boundary conditions corresponding to an asymptotically constant magnetic field. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS equations saturating the bound are found. Further, we show that one may introduce pressure in the gauged model by a redefinition of the superpotential. Interestingly, this is related to non-extremal type solutions in the so-called fake supersymmetry method. Finally, we compute the equation of state of magnetized BSP baby skyrmions inserted into an external constant magnetic field H and under external pressure P , i.e., V = V ( P, H), where V is the "volume" (area) occupied by the skyrmions. We show that the BPS baby skyrmions form a ferromagnetic medium.

  10. 5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N4) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N-4) FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE, LOOKING EAST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  11. Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and ibuprofen. Over-the-counter means you can buy these without a prescription from your health care provider. Prescription pain medicines. You need a prescription from your baby’s provider for these medicines. A prescription is an ...

  12. Got Diabetes? Thinking about Having a Baby?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... have seizures or a stroke. It also might cause your baby to be born early. • Very large babies are more likely to become overweight or obese during childhood and adolescence. Such obesity can lead to type 2 diabetes. Controlling your ...

  13. Baffled by the Baby Bottle

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Michael A. Jeannot

    1999-01-01

    This case is based on an actual article entitled "Baby Alert" that appeared in Consumer Reports (May 1999). The article raises some concerns about the safety of polycarbonate baby bottles, and recommends that parents dispose of them as a precaution. However, the American Plastics Council and the Food and Drug Administration have raised concerns about the experimental methodology used as well as the recommendations made in this article. The case has been used to help develop students’ critical thinking skills in an introductory chemistry course for non-majors. It may be used to illustrate applications in polymer chemistry, quantitative chemical analysis, toxicology, endocrine disruption, and risk-benefit analysis.

  14. "Babies Grow a Long Time": A Preschool Project about Babies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Andromahi

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a project related to babies undertaken by preschoolers in a university-affiliated child care center in the Midwest. Following a description of the class, the author discusses the three phases of the project. Photographs taken during the project are included throughout the article. The article concludes with the author's…

  15. hepph/9410256 Dynamics of Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Schroers, Bernd J.

    DTP 94­25 hep­ph/9410256 Dynamics of Baby Skyrmions B.M.A.G. Piette 1 , B.J. Schroers 2 and W Physics B 439 (1995) pp 205­235 Abstract Baby Skyrmions are topological solitons in a (2+1)­dimensional and approximations commonly used in discussions of the Skyrme model to the dynamics of baby Skyrmions and directly

  16. Understanding How Babies Build Language Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2006-01-01

    Language is a great communication system. Through language, humans can express logical reasoning, grief, happiness, wishes, descriptions, and a rich array of feelings and ideas. Every baby deserves the gift of language power! In this article, the author discusses how babies build language skills and presents activities to help babies build…

  17. Feeding patterns and diet - babies and infants

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to continue producing milk. If you feed your baby formula, your baby will eat about 6 to 8 times per ... her. This means she is very hungry. Your baby should not sleep ... 5 hours if you're feeding formula). It is OK to wake her up to ...

  18. Shaken Baby Syndrome. The Arc Q & A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Susan

    This fact sheet uses a question-and-answer format to summarize what is known about shaken baby syndrome, brain damage resulting from forceful shaking of an infant or young child. Questions and answers address the following topics: what shaken baby syndrome is and other names for the condition; the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome; the incidence…

  19. International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The 1995 International Plowing Match & Farm Machinery Show in Ontario, Canada has a site of the Web. The IPM is a non-profit organization of volunteers which annually organizes Canada's largest farm machinery show. The event is commercial and educational. Thousands of school children and educators attend and participate in organized educational activities.

  20. SUGGESTED PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING FARM MACHINERY COSTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William F. Lazarus; Roger A. Selley

    2002-01-01

    The North Central Farm Machinery Task Force is a group of extension economists who evaluated alternative methods for estimating farm machinery costs and made recommendations for the development of extension materials. This paper describes the procedures agreed upon, and explains the rationale for the procedures chosen. The focus is on \\

  1. LOW BACK PAIN IN PORT MACHINERY OPERATORS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Bovenzi; I. Pinto; N. Stacchini

    2002-01-01

    The occurrence of several types of low back pain (LBP) was investigated by a standardized questionnaire in a group of 219 port machinery operators exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) and postural load and in a control group of 85 maintenance workers employed at the same transport company. The group of port machinery operators included 85 straddle carrier drivers, 88 fork-lift

  2. Baby Fae: a beastly business

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T Kushner; R Belliotti

    1985-01-01

    The Baby Fae experiment has highlighted the growing trend in medicine of using animal parts in the treatment of humans. This paper raises the question of the logical and moral justification for these current practices and their proposed expansion. We argue that the Cognitive Capacity Principle establishes morally justified necessary and sufficient conditions for the use of non-human animals in

  3. Yorůbá babies and unchained melody

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PHIL HARRISON

    1998-01-01

    Earlier work on the perception of stop contrasts by infants and of lexical tone by Yorůbá adults sets the context for the results presented here, which demonstrate the sensitivity of six- to eight-month old Yorůbá babies to the tonal contrasts of their native language. Like adult speakers, they discriminate high tone from other tones in a single nuclear domain, but

  4. Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

    2010-01-01

    Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

  5. 30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56.14205 Section 56.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  6. 30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56.14205 Section 56.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  7. 30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57.14205 Section 57.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  8. 30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57.14205 Section 57.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  9. 30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57.14205 Section 57.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  10. 30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56.14205 Section 56.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  11. 30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56.14205 Section 56.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  12. 30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57.14205 Section 57.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  13. 30 CFR 56.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 56.14205 Section 56.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 56.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  14. 30 CFR 57.14205 - Machinery, equipment, and tools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Machinery, equipment, and tools. 57.14205 Section 57.14205 Mineral...Procedures § 57.14205 Machinery, equipment, and tools. Machinery, equipment, and tools shall not be used beyond the design capacity...

  15. 46 CFR 58.01-50 - Machinery space, noise.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Machinery space, noise. 58.01-50 Section 58...01-50 Machinery space, noise. (a) Each machinery space must be designed to minimize the exposure of personnel to noise in accordance with IMO...

  16. 46 CFR 58.01-35 - Main propulsion auxiliary machinery.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. 58.01-35 Section...CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General...Requirements § 58.01-35 Main propulsion auxiliary machinery. Auxiliary...

  17. 46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings, flywheels and all machinery capable of injuring personnel shall be provided with adequate covers or...

  18. 46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings, flywheels and all machinery capable of injuring personnel shall be provided with adequate covers or...

  19. 46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings, flywheels and all machinery capable of injuring personnel shall be provided with adequate covers or...

  20. 46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings, flywheels and all machinery capable of injuring personnel shall be provided with adequate covers or...

  1. 46 CFR 58.01-20 - Machinery guards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS General Requirements § 58.01-20 Machinery guards. Gears, couplings, flywheels and all machinery capable of injuring personnel shall be provided with adequate covers or...

  2. Machinery sharing by agribusiness firms: methodology, application, and simulation 

    E-print Network

    Wolfley, Jared Lynn

    2009-05-15

    Machinery investments represent a substantial portion of agribusiness firms’ costs. Because of high machinery costs, variable profit margins, and increasing competition, agribusiness managers continually seek methods to ...

  3. Vote: The Machinery of Democracy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Always one with a timely exhibition that reflects both historical concerns and issues of immediate expediency, the Smithsonian National Museum of American History has created this website as the online incarnation of one of their current exhibits, â??Vote: The Machinery of Democracyâ?ť. Through a host of relevant items (such as one of the controversial butterfly ballots used in Palm Beach County, Florida, in 2000), the exhibit â??examines how Americans have historically adopted improved voting techniques as a result of the political, social and technological changes in the country.â?ť The exhibit is divided into nine well-crafted sections, which includes informative retrospectives on the use of paper ballots, the variety of ways in which voters can cast their ballots, and of course, on the fractious situation of the Florida recount of 2000. A final bonus on the site is the thorough bibliography, which includes books, articles, a number of web links, and a few extra webpages on voting technology.

  4. Wormholes, baby universes, and causality

    SciTech Connect

    Visser, M. (Theoretical Division, T-8, Mail Stop B-285, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (US))

    1990-02-15

    In this paper wormholes defined on a Minkowski signature manifold are considered, both at the classical and quantum levels. It is argued that causality in quantum gravity may best be imposed by restricting the functional integral to include only causal Lorentzian spacetimes. Subject to this assumption, one can put very tight constraints on the quantum behavior of wormholes, their cousins the baby universes, and topology-changing processes in general. Even though topology-changing processes are tightly constrained, this still allows very interesting geometrical (rather than topological) effects. In particular, the laboratory construction of baby universes is {ital not} prohibited provided that the umbilical cord'' is never cut. Methods for relaxing these causality constraints are also discussed.

  5. Baby universes in string theory

    SciTech Connect

    Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

    2006-03-15

    We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

  6. Vibrational diagnostics of rotating machinery malfunctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muszynska, A.

    The diagnostics of rotating machinery malfunction, using vibration data in correlation with operational process data is outlined. The advantages of vibration monitoring systems as a part of preventive/predictive maintenance programs are emphasized. The basic principles of machinery diagnostics, and several specific malfunction symptoms supported by simple mathematical models are given. These malfunctions include unbalance, excessive radial preload, rotor to stator rubbing, fluid induced vibrations, loose stationary and rotating parts, coupled torsional/lateral vibration excitation, and rotor cracking. The experimental results and actual field data illustrate the rotor vibration responses for individual malfunctions. Application of synchronous and nonsynchronous perturbation testing used for identification of basic dynamic characteristics of machinery is presented. Future advancements in vibration monitoring and diagnostics of rotating machinery health are discussed. The basic instrumentation for machine monitoring is outlined.

  7. Productivity Growth Average in Farm Machinery Manufacturing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Arthur S.; Ferris, John W.

    1982-01-01

    Productivity in farm machinery manufacturing is examined. The authors discuss how the national economy affects productivity, how the growth of agriculture and technology has changed the industry, and how future trends may cause change in the industry. (CT)

  8. Healthy Native Babies Project Safe Sleep Messages Activity

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    Sleep location Sleep surface Sleep area Sleep temperature 3 #12;Healthy Native Babies Project Sleep Project Sleep Area A8: Nothing but the baby! 17 #12;Healthy Native Babies Project Sleep Temperature Q9: What should a baby wear to sleep? 18 #12;Healthy Native Babies Project Sleep Temperature A9: Dress

  9. Talk With Baby: A Guide for Parents.

    E-print Network

    Anonymous

    1984-01-01

    TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take... care of them If you ta I k to baby he will learn to make sounds When baby coos and blows bubbles he is learning to talk You he I p if you make soft sounds back at him When baby talks to y make the sounds he makes Talk back to him Call...

  10. Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models

    E-print Network

    C. Adam; T. Romanczukiewicz; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

    2010-02-09

    A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or non-compact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or non-existence of multi-skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

  11. Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, C. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago, and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE) E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Romanczukiewicz, T.; Wereszczynski, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow (Poland); Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago, and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE) E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

    2010-04-15

    A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby Skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or noncompact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or nonexistence of multi-Skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

  12. Can Babies Learn to Read? A Randomized Trial of Baby Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley; Strouse, Gabrielle

    2014-01-01

    Targeted to children as young as 3 months old, there is a growing number of baby media products that claim to teach babies to read. This randomized controlled trial was designed to examine this claim by investigating the effects of a best-selling baby media product on reading development. One hundred and seventeen infants, ages 9 to 18 months,…

  13. The research of Computer Aided Ergonomics analysis in farm machinery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiyin Gaol; Haijun Yang; Pengyun Xu; Qian Wang; Ying Zheng

    2008-01-01

    The ergonomics question in farm machinery relates operatorsż safety and efficiency, which is important aspect in the farm machinery design. But the developed Computer Aided Ergonomics software has not human body database, which is needed in view of farm machinery design in China, therefore the farm machinery design have deviation in Ergonomics analysis. This article propose that using the open

  14. Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... section may have more breathing and other medical problems than babies born by vaginal birth. (Most babies are born by vaginal birth . The mother's uterus contracts to help push the baby out through the ...

  15. And Many Minutes Passed Would the baby, Nikos, be allowed

    E-print Network

    Nystuen, Jeffrey A.

    And Many Minutes Passed Would the baby, Nikos, be allowed to visit his grandparents in Moscow and shouted "Visa for BABY, BABY!" It worked! She turned back and took his document and went inside, but left

  16. Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion

    MedlinePLUS

    ... pregnancy? • Why is prenatal care important? • What should I think about if I am considering raising the baby? • ... use after the baby is born. What should I think about if I am considering raising the baby? ...

  17. Water Babies: an evolutionary parable.

    PubMed

    Beatty, John; Hale, Piers J

    2008-12-01

    The nineteenth-century Anglican theologian Charles Kingsley was immediately impressed by Darwin's Origin of Species. Whilst many in Victorian Britain reacted against the idea of natural selection, Kingsley saw in the contingency of selection a divinely ordained imperative for human endeavour, not least the pursuit of scientific knowledge. Here, Kingsley believed, was a crucial insight into the seemingly indifferent laws of nature, one that humankind could use to elevate themselves to ever-greater heights. Kingsley chose to teach these lessons about the moral nature of evolution through 'Water Babies', one of the most charming and enduring of children's fairy tales. PMID:18995909

  18. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY ASSEMBLY AND LUBRICATION. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY--SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

    ONE OF A SERIES DESIGNED TO HELP TEACHERS PREPARE POSTSECONDARY STUDENTS FOR THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY SERVICE OCCUPATIONS AS PARTS MEN, MECHANICS, MECHANIC'S HELPERS, AND SERVICE SUPERVISORS, THIS GUIDE AIMS TO DEVELOP STUDENT UNDERSTANDING OF THE FUNCTIONS OF LUBRICANTS FOR AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY, SKILL IN THEIR SELECTION, AND UNDERSTANDING OF…

  19. 75 FR 81788 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ...1509 Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full- Size Baby Cribs AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission...Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs,'' and ASTM F 406-10a,...

  20. Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baird, Stephen L.

    2007-01-01

    "Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

  1. Baby Doll: The Success of Scandal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barton Palmer

    Baby Doll hit America's cinemas with a resounding bang in 1956, and while not the financial and critical success that A Streetcar Named Desire had been some six years before, the film proved without a doubt to be the most sensational of Hollywood's adaptations of Tennessee Williams's works. In fact, Baby Doll is quite likely the most sensational (we should

  2. Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2004-01-01

    Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

  3. Fetal Echocardiography/Your Unborn Baby's Heart

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of the baby If there is a known family history of disorders that are passed along from generation to generation such as Marfan's syndrome or tuberous sclerosis If the unborn baby has been diagnosed with a genetic abnormality including disorders with abnormal number of chromosome; Down ...

  4. Rich Responses Help Babies Learn and Thrive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillespie, Linda; Parlakian, Rebecca

    2009-01-01

    This article reminds infant care teachers of the ways thoughtful interactions between adults and very young children teach babies and toddlers who they are as individuals. "When teachers take the time to respond respectfully and thoughtfully, babies and young children learn and thrive."

  5. Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

    2011-01-01

    The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

  6. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. The baby's sleep area has

  7. [Babies' logic activity: a differential study].

    PubMed

    Escolano Pérez, Elena; Sastre i Riba, Sylvia

    2006-08-01

    From a neuroconstructivist point of view based on infant cognitive development, the aim of this study is to get to know and compare the logical organization and content of the spontaneous activity of babies with alternative developmental courses (typical babies and Down's Syndrome ones). A fundamental form of logic is observed since the beginning of babies' interaction with their environment. This protologic is constructed through their organised and significative activity with the environment and it results in the elaboration of logico-mathematical and physical knowledge. Using Systematic Observation, we recorded the spontaneous activity of n=20 babies, (n=10 typical babies, n=10 Down Syndrome babies), with a cognitive developmental level of 1; 3 years (15 months). Microgenetical and statistical analyses were applied and the results obtained showed a reduced logical content and organization of the activity of Down's Syndrome babies, which corroborates and amplifies the results of previous research works. These results make evident the need to plan early educational intervention in order to optimize babies' developmental resources. PMID:17296084

  8. Nutritional Quality of Commercial Fruit Baby Food

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. ?ížko Vá; R. Še; A. RAJCHl; M. Vold?

    Commercial fruit baby food is a preserved fruit product usually made with fruit purees, sugar, water and variable additives (thickening agents, antioxidants, etc.). As the foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, baby foods for infants and young children conforms to a set of strict guidelines e.g. maximum levels for pesticide residues, microbiological contamination, addition of additives, labelling, etc. However, being

  9. Decision support for green supply chain operations by integrating dynamic simulation and LCA indicators: diaper case study.

    PubMed

    Adhitya, Arief; Halim, Iskandar; Srinivasan, Rajagopalan

    2011-12-01

    As the issue of environmental sustainability is becoming an important business factor, companies are now looking for decision support tools to assess the fuller picture of the environmental impacts associated with their manufacturing operations and supply chain (SC) activities. Lifecycle assessment (LCA) is widely used to measure the environmental consequences assignable to a product. However, it is usually limited to a high-level snapshot of the environmental implications over the product value chain without consideration of the dynamics arising from the multitiered structure and the interactions along the SC. This paper proposes a framework for green supply chain management by integrating a SC dynamic simulation and LCA indicators to evaluate both the economic and environmental impacts of various SC decisions such as inventories, distribution network configuration, and ordering policy. The advantages of this framework are demonstrated through an industrially motivated case study involving diaper production. Three distinct scenarios are evaluated to highlight how the proposed approach enables integrated decision support for green SC design and operation. PMID:22029393

  10. The Machinery of Mitochondrial Inheritance and Behavior

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Michael Yaffe (University of California; Department of Biology)

    1999-03-05

    The distribution of mitochondria to daughter cells during cell division is an essential feature of cell proliferation. Until recently, it was commonly believed that inheritance of mitochondria and other organelles was a passive process, a consequence of their random diffusion throughout the cytoplasm. A growing recognition of the reticular morphology of mitochondria in many living cells, the association of mitochondria with the cytoskeleton, and the coordinated movements of mitochondria during cellular division and differentiation has illuminated the necessity for a cellular machinery that mediates mitochondrial behavior. Characterization of the underlying molecular components of this machinery is providing insight into mechanisms regulating mitochondrial morphology and distribution.

  11. The vector BPS baby Skyrme model

    E-print Network

    C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

    2012-07-02

    We investigate the relation between the BPS baby Skyrme model and its vector meson formulation, where the baby Skyrme term is replaced by a coupling between the topological current $B_\\mu$ and the vector meson field $\\omega_\\mu$. The vector model still possesses infinitely many symmetries leading to infinitely many conserved currents which stand behind its solvability. It turns out that the similarities and differences of the two models depend strongly on the specific form of the potential. We find, for instance, that compactons (which exist in the BPS baby Skyrme model) disappear from the spectrum of solutions of the vector counterpart. Specifically, for the vector model with the old baby Skyrme potential we find that it has compacton solutions only provided that a delta function source term effectively screening the topological charge is inserted at the compacton boundary. For the old baby Skyrme potential squared we find that the vector model supports exponentially localized solitons, like the BPS baby Skyrme model. These solitons, however, saturate a BPS bound which is a nonlinear function of the topological charge and, as a consequence, higher solitons are unstable w.r.t. decay into smaller ones, which is at variance with the more conventional situation (a linear BPS bound and stable solitons) in the BPS baby Skyrme model.

  12. The Protein Import Machinery of Mitochondria*

    E-print Network

    Economou, Tassos

    The Protein Import Machinery of Mitochondria* Published, JBC Papers in Press, February 18, 2004 proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and then synthesized as precursors on cytosolic ribosomes after which (translocases) for recognition, translocation, and membrane insertion of pre- cursor proteins. In recent years

  13. EARNINGS IN THE MACHINERY INDUSTRIES, MID-1966.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BAUER, FREDERICK L.

    RESULTS OF A MID-1966 NATIONWIDE SURVEY BY THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS SHOWED THAT THE EARNINGS OF PRODUCTION AND RELATED NONELECTRICAL MACHINERY WORKERS IN 21 LARGE OCCUPATIONAL AREAS VARIED BY OCCUPATION, SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT, AND COMMUNITY, INDUSTRY, LABOR-MANAGEMENT CONTRACT STATUS, AND LOCATION. THE AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE WAS $2.84. HIGHER…

  14. Two Generation Farming: Transferring Machinery and Livestock

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William M. Edwards; Donald Hofstrand

    1998-01-01

    Once the younger party has made a long-term commitment to farming, the parties should consider how to transfer control and owner-ship of farm assets. This publication discusses considerations for transferring the use and ownership of personal property such as farm machinery, breeding livestock, and crop and livestock inventories.

  15. INTRODUCTION TO CAVITATION IN HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WC U

    Design, operation and refurbishment of hydraulic turbines, pumps or pump-turbine are strongly related to cavitation flow phenomena, which may occur in either the rotating runner-impeller or the stationary parts of the machine. The paper presents the cavitation phenomena featured by fluid machinery including type of cavity development related to the specific speed of machines in both pump and turbine mode,

  16. Cavitation in fluid machinery and hydraulic structures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. E. A. Arndt

    1981-01-01

    Cavitation and its effects on fluid machinery and hydraulic structures were reviewed with emphasis on the mechanics of inception, the thermodynamic and gaseous diffusion factors on bubble growth, and resulting cavitation. Small amounts of free gas can change the water bulk modulus, with the speed of sound dropping to 15 m\\/s; this affects pump performance and stability. Most of the

  17. THE NATIVE MEMBRANE FUSION MACHINERY IN CELLS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eun-Hwan Jeong; Paul Webster; Chau Q. Khuong; A. K. M. Abdus Sattar; Mylan Satchi; Bhanu P. Jena

    1998-01-01

    Recombinant SNAREs have been demonstrated as the minimal membrane fusion machinery. The participation of additional proteins in the regulation of membrane fusion has been suggested. In this study we provide nanometer-resolution images of native NSF oligomers and SNARE complexes isolated from neurons and the pancreas. Our study reveals the presence of new coiled rod-like structures in association with the SNARE

  18. Comparing hardware-and software-based baby trackers

    E-print Network

    Foster, Mary Ellen

    Comparing hardware- and software-based baby trackers Mary Ellen Foster School of Mathematical (b) Baby Connect Figure 1: Baby trackers Copyright is held by the author/owner(s). CHI'13, April 27 of a baby tracker such as the itzbeen [2] (Figure 1a) is to help track the repetitive, time-consuming tasks

  19. The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models

    E-print Network

    The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models L. T. St¸epie´n Abstract The Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for the gauged baby Skyrme models: restricted and full one equations, Bogomol'nyi equations, Bogomolny decomposition, baby Skyrme model 1 Introduction The baby Skyrme

  20. Babies, Television and Videos: How Did We Get Here?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wartella, Ellen; Richert, Rebekah A.; Robb, Michael B.

    2010-01-01

    Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies' use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous role…

  1. 46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...related equipment including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and centralized electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration,...

  2. 46 CFR 30.10-42 - Machinery space-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...related equipment including Category A machinery spaces, propelling machinery, boilers, oil fuel units, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and centralized electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigeration,...

  3. Machinery Management: Acquiring Farm Machinery Services--Ownership, Custiom Hire, Rental Leasing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William M. Edwards; Vernon M. Meyer

    2001-01-01

    Today farmers can easily invest more than $100,000 in a single tractor or combine. Although most farmers own their own machinery, options such as custom hiring, renting, and leasing also are popular alternatives.

  4. 4. MACHINERY SHED AND STORAGE ROOM ADDITION, SOUTH AND WEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. MACHINERY SHED AND STORAGE ROOM ADDITION, SOUTH AND WEST WALL LOOKING NORTHEAST SEED STORAGE BUILDING (1963) BEHIND - Tucson Plant Material Center, Machinery Shed, 3241 North Romero Road, Tucson, Pima County, AZ

  5. 54. West emergency brake in the south machinery room (interior ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    54. West emergency brake in the south machinery room (interior of both machinery rooms is identical). Facing west. - Henry Ford Bridge, Spanning Cerritos Channel, Los Angeles-Long Beach Harbor, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  6. 46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible alarms must...

  7. 46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible alarms must...

  8. 46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible alarms must...

  9. 46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible alarms must...

  10. 46 CFR 130.460 - Placement of machinery alarms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS VESSEL CONTROL, AND MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Automation of Unattended Machinery Spaces § 130.460 Placement of machinery alarms. (a) Visible and audible alarms must...

  11. 'Fracking' Linked to Low Birth Weight Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_152894.html 'Fracking' Linked to Low Birth Weight Babies Pregnant women ... rates. High-volume hydraulic fracturing -- also known as "fracking" -- allows access to large amounts of natural gas ...

  12. Having Healthy Babies: The Science Inside

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Healthy People Library Project

    2003-01-01

    This book summarizes what health professionals know about pregnancy, healthy babies and mothers. Supported byScience Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the National Center for Research Resources Grant # 5R25RR15601

  13. Your Baby's Development: The First Trimester

    MedlinePLUS

    ... During this stage, the baby is called an embryo. What changes occur during the embryonic stage? During ... parts begin to develop. The cells of the embryo (called embryonic stem cells) multiply and change into ...

  14. Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kicks Count! New Moms & Dads Tips Bedtime Basics Baby Products Grieving Families Programs Get Involved Legacy Program First Birthday Parties Events Blog Buy From Our Store Blog About Grieving Families Surviving ...

  15. Protect Babies from Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Emails CDC Features Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough Language: English Espańol (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... few even die from the disease. Understanding Whooping Cough Vaccines: DTaP and Tdap There are two vaccines ...

  16. When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Cleft Lip and Palate Genetic Counseling Genetic Testing Gene Therapy and Children When Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome Spina Bifida Birth Defects Down Syndrome Cleft Lip ...

  17. How mothers keep their babies warm.

    PubMed Central

    Bacon, C J; Bell, S A; Clulow, E E; Beattie, A B

    1991-01-01

    Details of room temperature, clothing, and bedding used by night and by day and in winter and in summer were recorded for 649 babies aged 8 to 26 weeks. Room temperature at night was significantly related to outside temperature and duration of heating. Total insulation was significantly related to outside temperature and to minimum room temperature, but there was wide variation in insulation at the same room temperature. High levels of insulation for a given room temperature were found particularly at night and in winter, and were associated with the use of thick or doubled duvets and with swaddling. At least half the babies threw off some or all of their bedding at night, and at least a quarter sweated. Younger mothers and mothers in the lower social groups put more bedclothes over their babies, and the latter also kept their rooms warmer. Many mothers kept their babies warmer during infections. PMID:2039255

  18. Protect Yourself and Your Baby from Dengue

    MedlinePLUS

    Avoid mosquito bites during pregnancy to prevent dengue in your newborn baby • Dengue is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes • A pregnant woman infected with dengue virus may ...

  19. Preparing Your Family for a New Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... child for a new sibling include Look at picture books about a new baby . At the very ... if he starts asking about mom's growing "stomach." Picture books for preschoolers can be very helpful. So ...

  20. Will Stress during Pregnancy Affect My Baby?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... provider during your prenatal visits. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Pregnancy PTSD is a more serious type of stress that can negatively affect your baby. PTSD occurs when you have problems after seeing or ...

  1. 46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery space openings. 45.149 Section 45.149 Shipping...of Assignment § 45.149 Machinery space openings. (a) Machinery space openings in position 1 or 2 must be framed and...

  2. 46 CFR 42.15-35 - Machinery space openings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Machinery space openings. 42.15-35 Section 42.15-35 Shipping...Freeboard § 42.15-35 Machinery space openings. (a) Machinery space openings in position 1 or 2 shall be properly...

  3. PER UNIT COSTS TO OWN AND OPERATE FARM MACHINERY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aaron J. Beaton; Kevin C. Dhuyvetter; Terry L. Kastens

    2003-01-01

    Entropy and jackknife estimation procedures were used to find that custom rates are 20.3% lower than the true cost to own and operate machinery for an average size Kansas farm. A method was then developed to estimate a farms total machinery costs with which to benchmark machinery costs.

  4. 46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...openings. (a) Machinery space openings in position 1...coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept...essential operations of the ship must— (1) In position...or skylight over a machinery space opening in the freeboard...

  5. 46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...openings. (a) Machinery space openings in position 1...coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept...essential operations of the ship must— (1) In position...or skylight over a machinery space opening in the freeboard...

  6. 46 CFR 45.149 - Machinery space openings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...openings. (a) Machinery space openings in position 1...coamings of any funnel or machinery space ventilator that must be kept...essential operations of the ship must— (1) In position...or skylight over a machinery space opening in the freeboard...

  7. Machinery Cooperatives—a Case Study in Sweden

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. de Toro; P.-A. Hansson

    2004-01-01

    The mechanisation systems of six arable farms, their joint machinery pool at present and some alternative machinery options were analysed in economic terms, field operation times and in some social aspects. A discrete event simulation model for field operations was run for 20 years in order to quantify timeliness costs and their annual variations.The main findings were: (1) machinery sharing

  8. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Domrin, Andrei; Lechtenfeld, Olaf; Linares, Román; Maceda, Marco

    2013-11-01

    The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

  9. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Domrin, Andrei; Linares, Roman; Maceda, Marco

    2013-01-01

    The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

  10. Six children with allergic contact dermatitis to methylisothiazolinone in wet wipes (baby wipes).

    PubMed

    Chang, Mary Wu; Nakrani, Radhika

    2014-02-01

    Methylchloroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI) is a combination preservative used in personal care and household products and is a common cause of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Recently, MI alone, without MCI, has been increasingly used in consumer products in attempts to minimize allergic reactions. Wet wipes are extensively tested and traditionally believed to be innocuous. MI in wet wipes ("baby wipes") has not been previously reported to cause ACD in children in the United States. Only 1 previous report of ACD in a child in Belgium has been recently reported. We report 6 children with chronic, perianal/buttock, and facial eczematous dermatitis, refractory to multiple topical and oral antibiotics and corticosteroids. All tested positive to MCI/MI on patch testing. None wore diapers. All patients had been using wet wipes containing MI (without MCI) to affected areas. Discontinuation of wipes resulted in rapid and complete resolution. This is the first report of pediatric ACD to MI in wet wipes in the United States, and the largest series to date. ACD to MI in wet wipes is frequently misdiagnosed as eczema, impetigo, or psoriasis. Wet wipes are increasingly marketed in personal care products for all ages, and MI exposure and sensitization will likely increase. Dermatitis of the perianal, buttock, facial, and hand areas with a history of wet wipe use should raise suspicion of ACD to MI and prompt appropriate patch testing. Rapid resolution occurs after the allergen exposure is eliminated. All isothiozolinones should be avoided in personal care and household products for these patients. PMID:24420805

  11. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

    E-print Network

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Is your baby starting any solid foods? ( ) ( ) Is your baby feeding well? ( ) ( ) Is your baby stooling comfortably? ( ) ( ) If breastfed, is your baby getting a daily vitamin? ( ) ( ) Social

  12. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

    E-print Network

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Is your baby being breastfed exclusively? ( ) ( ) Is your baby feeding well? ( ) ( ) How often is your baby feeding? How long/How many ounces? Is your baby stooling comfortably

  13. The Mechanotransduction Machinery of Hair Cells

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nicolas Grillet (La Jolla; Scripps Research Institute REV)

    2009-08-25

    Mechanotransduction, the conversion of mechanical force into an electrochemical signal, allows living organisms to detect touch, hear, register movement and gravity, and sense changes in cell volume and shape. Hair cells in the vertebrate inner ear are mechanoreceptor cells specialized for the detection of sound and head movement. Each hair cell contains, at the apical surface, rows of stereocilia that are connected by extracellular filaments to form an exquisitely organized bundle. Mechanotransduction channels, localized near the tips of the stereocilia, are gated by the gating spring, an elastic element that is stretched upon stereocilia deflection and mediates rapid channel opening. Components of the mechanotransduction machinery in hair cells have been identified and several are encoded by genes linked to deafness in humans, which indicates that defects in the mechanotransduction machinery are the underlying cause of some forms of hearing impairment.

  14. Breast is best for babies.

    PubMed Central

    Leung, Alexander K. C.; Sauve, Reginald S.

    2005-01-01

    Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding. PMID:16080672

  15. Taking babies' temperatures: science versus social taboos in battle over Baby Check

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S Handysides

    1993-01-01

    Baby Check, a scoring system for assessing the severity of illness in babies under 6 months old, has not met with the success its developers expected. The inclusion of rectal temperature in the assessment was strongly opposed by the Royal College of Midwives, which refused to alter its view despite evidence of the safety and accuracy of rectal thermometry. British

  16. Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

    2012-01-01

    We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate "Babies,"…

  17. Expedient Treatment of a Collodion Baby

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Michael; Pittenger, Jaime; Tobin, Stuart; Chung, Andrew; Desai, Nirmala

    2011-01-01

    Only ~270 cases of collodion babies have been reported in the literature since 1892. As the name suggests, the term “collodion baby” refers to a phenotype that can be characterized by a yellow, shiny, tight parchment-like membrane stretched over the skin. Although the collodion membrane is only an evanescent condition of the newborn, neonatal complications can occur in 45% of all collodion babies, leading to a mortality rate of ~11% in the first few weeks of life. Most children born as collodion babies will spontaneously desquamate within 2 weeks, but may be as long as 3 months. Eventually, these children develop signs of one of several types of ichthyosis, which gives the skin the appearance of “fish scales.” We report a unique case of a Caucasian male that was born as a Collodion baby at the University of Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Although the impairment of the skin barrier function put the patient at risk for a number of complications, he improved significantly after being treated with emollients and antibiotics. In contrast to previous findings, we found that skin emollients were beneficial and did not increase the risk of infection. PMID:23198180

  18. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ashcroft, Jennifer; Haberichter, Mareike; Krusch, Steffen

    2015-05-01

    We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as the standard baby Skyrme model must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons while at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

  19. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

    E-print Network

    Ashcroft, Jennifer; Krusch, Steffen

    2015-01-01

    We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as all currently known baby Skyrme models must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons whilst at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

  20. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

    E-print Network

    Jennifer Ashcroft; Mareike Haberichter; Steffen Krusch

    2015-05-29

    We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as the standard baby Skyrme model must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons while at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

  1. Local Geometrical Machinery for Complexity and Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivancevic, Vladimir G.; Reid, Darryn J.

    2015-11-01

    In this Chapter, we present local geometrical machinery for studying complexity and control, consisting of dynamics on Kähler manifolds, which combine three geometrical structures-Riemannian, symplectic and complex (Hermitian)-in a mutually compatible way. In other words, every Kähler manifold is simultaneously Riemannian, symplectic and complex (Hermitian). It is well known that Riemannian manifolds represent the stage on which Lagrangian dynamics is set, symplectic manifolds represent the stage for Hamiltonian dynamics, and complex (Hermitian) varieties comprise the stage for quantum dynamics. Therefore, Kähler manifolds represent the richest dynamical stage available where Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and quantum dynamics all dance together.

  2. Cavitation in fluid machinery and hydraulic structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arndt, R. E. A.

    Cavitation and its effects on fluid machinery and hydraulic structures were reviewed with emphasis on the mechanics of inception, the thermodynamic and gaseous diffusion factors on bubble growth, and resulting cavitation. Small amounts of free gas can change the water bulk modulus, with the speed of sound dropping to 15 m/s; this affects pump performance and stability. Most of the cavitation theory was formulated from experimental data which requires analysis of separation and transition to turbulence results; the influence of nuclei size and number density are important, along with the cavitation nuclei appearing in the form of small gas bubbles or solid particles with small quantities of gas.

  3. Industrial machinery noise impact modeling, volume 1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansen, C. H.; Kugler, B. A.

    1981-07-01

    The development of a machinery noise computer model which may be used to assess the effect of occupational noise on the health and welfare of industrial workers is discussed. The purpose of the model is to provide EPA with the methodology to evaluate the personnel noise problem, to identify the equipment types responsible for the exposure and to assess the potential benefits of a given noise control action. Due to its flexibility in design and application, the model and supportive computer program can be used by other federal agencies, state governments, labor and industry as an aid in the development of noise abatement programs.

  4. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can be prevented by vaccination. Who recommends that all babies get hepatitis B vaccination at birth? Medical ... B virus. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies. Hepatitis B Vaccine Helps Protect Your ...

  5. N=1 supersymmetric extension of the baby Skyrme model

    E-print Network

    C. Adam; J. M. Queiruga; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

    2011-05-05

    We construct a method to supersymmetrize higher kinetic terms and apply it to the baby Skyrme model. We find that there exist N=1 supersymmetric extensions for baby Skyrme models with arbitrary potential.

  6. When Your Baby's in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Continue Questions to Ask the Neonatologist or the Nurses To better help you help your baby during ... have questions, talk to the neonatologist or the nurses. The nurses see your baby every day, so ...

  7. When Your Baby Is Born with a Health Problem

    MedlinePLUS

    When Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem KidsHealth > Parents > Diseases & Conditions > Genetic, Chromosomal & Metabolic Conditions > When Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem Print A A A Text Size ...

  8. Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea? KidsHealth > Parents > Pregnancy & Newborn Center > Q&As > Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea? Print ...

  9. Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons

    SciTech Connect

    Foster, David; Sutcliffe, Paul [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2009-06-15

    Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by {omega} mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model including a Skyrme term. We find that multisolitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

  10. Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons

    E-print Network

    David Foster; Paul Sutcliffe

    2009-01-23

    Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by omega mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) sigma-model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) sigma-model including a Skyrme term. We find that multi-solitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

  11. Hexagonal Structure of Baby Skyrmion Lattices

    E-print Network

    Hen, Itay

    2007-01-01

    We study the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby Skyrmions by applying a full-field numerical minimization algorithm to baby Skyrmions placed inside different parallelogramic unit-cells and imposing periodic boundary conditions. We find that within this setup, the minimal energy is obtained for the hexagonal lattice, and that in the resulting configuration the Skyrmion splits into quarter-Skyrmions. In particular, we find that the energy in the hexagonal case is lower than the one obtained on the well-known rectangular lattice, in which splitting into half-Skyrmions is observed.

  12. Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models

    E-print Network

    Marek Karliner; Itay Hen

    2009-01-12

    We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions -- breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the appearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance of spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in rotating baby skyrmions.

  13. The existence of Bogomolny decomposition for baby Skyrme models

    E-print Network

    ?. T. St?pie?

    2012-04-27

    We derive the Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for: full baby Skyrme model and for its restricted version (so called, pure baby Skyrme model), in (2+0) dimensions, by using so called, concept of strong necessary conditions. It turns out that Bogomolny decomposition can be derived for restricted baby Skyrme model for arbitrary form of the potential term, while for full baby Skyrme model, such derivation is possible only for some class of the potentials.

  14. Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models

    E-print Network

    Karliner, Marek

    2009-01-01

    We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions -- breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the appearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance of spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in rotating baby skyrmions.

  15. Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

    2012-01-01

    Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being infused…

  16. Marketing the Leisure Experience to Baby Boomers and Older Tourists

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian Patterson; Shane Pegg

    2009-01-01

    Tourism is big business, especially for the increasing numbers of baby boomers who are becoming increasingly targeted by marketers and travel companies as a growing market. This is because many baby boomers are healthier, financially well off, better educated and have a greater desire for novelty, escape and authentic experiences than previous cohorts of retirees. The baby boomer generation is

  17. Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster

    E-print Network

    Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

    Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two

  18. Baby Robot "YOTARO" Hiroki Kunimura, Chiyoko Ono, Madoka Hirai2

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Baby Robot "YOTARO" Hiroki Kunimuraą, Chiyoko Onoą, Madoka Hirai2 Masatada Muramotoą, Wagner_tori@mbb.nifty.ne.jp, jhoshino@esys.tsukuba.ac.jp, Abstract. YOTARO is a baby-type robot developed to create a new communication perspective between robots and humans through interaction experience based on the reproduction of a baby

  19. Baby Lip-Readers Center of Attention in FAU Study

    E-print Network

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    Baby Lip-Readers Center of Attention in FAU Study New findings suggest earlier way to detect autism to talk by listening and looking at his mother. "Around 6 months of age, when babies begin to babble University professor David Lewkowicz said. At FAU's Baby Lab, researchers studied more than 200 infants

  20. Baby Modula3 and a theory of objects

    E-print Network

    Abadi, Martín

    95 Baby Modula­3 and a theory of objects Mart'in Abadi February 2, 1993; revised December 2, 1992 d semantics of types 31 5 Related work 33 Acknowledgments 34 References 35 References 35 #12; 1 Baby Modula­3 and a theory of objects Mart'in Abadi Abstract Baby Modula­3 is a small, functional, object

  1. Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster

    E-print Network

    Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

    Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster U. Meierfrankenfeld and S. Shpectorov September 6, 2002 Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two largest

  2. PhDstudentinvestigatesimpact of baby boomers' retirement InsideyourChronicle

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    1 PhDstudentinvestigatesimpact of baby boomers' retirement InsideyourChronicle 2. Fees set for 2010 the challenge the baby boomers' retirement poses for many organisations. Psychology PhD student Annette Dunham at the impact the upcoming retirement of the baby boomer generation (born 1946 to 1964) will have on knowledge

  3. Infants & Toddlers: How Babies Use Gestures to Communicate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2004-01-01

    Evolution has provided babies with wonderful ways to get the loving attention and care that they need from adults. When a baby is distressed, his cry is the most primitive and powerful tool for bringing help. By the time a baby is 2 or 3 months old, his dazzling smile and crooked grin evokes tenderness, smiles, and nurturance from adults who are…

  4. Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

    Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

  5. Sensing danger in baby cribs Programmed to treat autism

    E-print Network

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    cause of death. "Our sensors let you know if the baby is breathing normally without the wires on a sensor to detect abnormal breathing patterns in sleeping babies. TMAC, formerly the Texas Manufacturing for detecting carbon dioxide, which people breathe out.' The sensors could be mounted around the baby to let

  6. Healthy Birth Practice #6: Keep Mother and Baby Together- It's Best for Mother, Baby, and Breastfeeding.

    PubMed

    Crenshaw, Jeannette T

    2014-01-01

    Mothers and babies have a physiologic need to be together at the moment of birth and during the hours and days that follow. Keeping mothers and babies together is a safe and healthy birth practice. Evidence supports immediate, uninterrupted skin-to-skin care after vaginal birth and during and after cesarean surgery for all stable mothers and babies, regardless of feeding preference. Unlimited opportunities for skin-to-skin care and breastfeeding promote optimal maternal and child outcomes. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the "Lamaze International Care Practices That Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #6: No Separation of Mother and Baby, With Unlimited Opportunities for Breastfeeding," published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411542

  7. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter and 50 to 105...

  8. 75 FR 81765 - Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Final Rule

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ...cribs, cradles, car beds, baby baskets, and bassinets are excluded...survey conducted by the American Baby Group, CPSC staff estimates...underestimate if new mothers buy more than one crib.) CPSC staff...cribs, cradles, car beds, baby baskets, or bassinets....

  9. With Babies and Banners: Illustrated Historical Booklet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldfarb, Lyn; Gray, Lorraine

    Background reading materials are provided in this booklet developed to be used in conjunction with the award winning color documentary film "With Babies and Banners." The film records the role that the women of Flint, Michigan, played in the great General Motors sit-down strike of 1937. The readings are suitable for college audiences and for…

  10. There's a Baby in My Stomach!

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2006-11-22

    . The badges--which come in pink and blue--read "There's a baby in my stomach" and are designed to let other riders know when a woman is pregnant . One might well conclude that, if your average Japanese cannot spot an expectant mother a mile off, it might just...

  11. Artificial baby milks: how safe is soya?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tessa Martyn

    2003-01-01

    UK toxicology experts have recently confirmed concerns over the potential health risks of soya- based artificial baby milks. This may come as news to many - especially health professionals who freely recommend it, or parents who can buy it off the shelves (no questions asked) believing it to be a healthy option. Soya is generally viewed as a healthy food,

  12. The Baby Boom, Housing and Loanable Funds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joyce Manchester

    1989-01-01

    This paper examines baby boom effects in a simple three-period overlapping generations model in which equilibrium must be maintained in the housing market, as well as in the loanable funds market. All agents must buy a house financed by an adjustable-rate mortgage in the first period. Expectations regarding the path of interest rates and the price of housing play a

  13. Especially for Teens: Having a Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... You should avoid things that could harm your baby, such as alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs. You also need to talk to your health care provider about any prescription drugs you are taking as well as drugs you can buy without a prescription, like vitamins and pain relievers. • ...

  14. Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's

    MedlinePLUS

    ... as the mother reduces the risk of SIDS. Buy a device that looks like a bassinet or play yard with one side that is lower, which attaches to your bed to allow you to be next to your baby without the possibility of rolling over onto your ...

  15. Toys to make for babies and toddlers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth A. Hasson

    1984-01-01

    Why buy commercial toys when they can be easily made? As you know, very young children will often bypass expensive toys and play with spoons, lids, or even boxes and cans. You can have fun making toys for babies and toddlers from readily obtained materials.

  16. On Constructing Baby Universes and Black Holes

    E-print Network

    Tanmay Vachaspati

    2007-05-15

    The creation of spacetimes with horizons is discussed, focussing on baby universes and black holes as examples. There is a complex interplay of quantum theory and General Relativity in both cases, leading to consequences for the future of the universe and the information loss paradox, and to a deeper understanding of quantum gravity.

  17. Reconsideration of the Coleman's Baby Universe

    E-print Network

    Kiyoharu Kawana

    2015-06-17

    We reconsider the Coleman's mechanism that solves the Cosmological Constant Problem by the baby universes. We use the Lorentzian path integral and allow each universe has a different effective field theory and a vacuum. By using the probability distribution of coupling constants, it is shown that the cosmological constant of our universe does not necessary become small due to the effects of other universes.

  18. Babies Bottom Out--A 'Maybe Boom'

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Data for the period September 1976 through April 1977 indicate a rise in the United States birth rate; however, the rate is still below the replacement level. It is speculated that the increase is an "echo" effect to the post-World War II baby boom which peaked in 1957. (SL)

  19. When Baby Maisy came to school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle D Leichtman; David B Pillemer; Qi Wang; Aashiyana Koreishi; Jessica Jungsook Han

    2000-01-01

    Fifteen 4–5-year-old children experienced a surprise event in their classroom — the visit of their former teacher and her new baby. The same day, children were interviewed about the event by their mothers, who had not been present and were naive to details. Mothers questioned their children in whatever way they wished. Three weeks later, children were interviewed by a

  20. Translational Medicine: Bench Research & Baby Brain

    E-print Network

    Napp, Nils

    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Born 2-4 months early #12;Neonatal Intensive Care · MechanicalTranslational Medicine: Bench Research & Baby Brain Development to Clinical Care Ruth Eckstein RESEARCH CLINICAL RESEARCH HEALTH CARE MISSION To promote human health by providing a forum

  1. A Boom in Baby-Boom Marketing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldrich, Daniel G. III

    1994-01-01

    Reasons and techniques for encouraging planned giving among baby-boomers are outlined, and one approach is detailed. This involves recruiting a volunteer financial services team of alumni to host financial presentations for fellow alumni in their local areas, and developing a newsletter for the target alumni population. The fund-raising program at…

  2. How mothers keep their babies warm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C J Bacon; S A Bell; E E Clulow; A B Beattie

    1991-01-01

    Details of room temperature, clothing, and bedding used by night and by day and in winter and in summer were recorded for 649 babies aged 8 to 26 weeks. Room temperature at night was significantly related to outside temperature and duration of heating. Total insulation was significantly related to outside temperature and to minimum room temperature, but there was wide

  3. A microfluidic "baby machine" for cell synchronization.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Josephine; Payer, Kristofor; Son, Sungmin; Grover, William H; Manalis, Scott R

    2012-08-01

    Common techniques used to synchronize eukaryotic cells in the cell cycle often impose metabolic stress on the cells or physically select for size rather than age. To address these deficiencies, a minimally perturbing method known as the "baby machine" was developed previously. In the technique, suspension cells are attached to a membrane, and as the cells divide, the newborn cells are eluted to produce a synchronous population of cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. However, the existing "baby machine" is only suitable for cells which can be chemically attached to a surface. Here, we present a microfluidic "baby machine" in which cells are held onto a surface by pressure differences rather than chemical attachment. As a result, our method can in principle be used to synchronize a variety of cell types, including cells which may have weak or unknown surface attachment chemistries. We validate our microfluidic "baby machine" by using it to produce a synchronous population of newborn L1210 mouse lymphocytic leukemia cells in G1 phase. PMID:22627487

  4. Benzocaine and Babies: Not a Good Mix

    MedlinePLUS

    ... The Straight Poop on Kids and Diarrhea Post-Surgery Codeine Puts Kids at Risk Five Tips for New Moms Do Teething Babies Need Medicine on Their Gums? No More in Consumer Updates Animal & Veterinary Children's Health Cosmetics Dietary Supplements Drugs Food Medical Devices Nutrition Radiation- ...

  5. Evaluation of products for treating babies' napkins.

    PubMed Central

    Gaya, H.; Thirlwall, J.; Shaw, E. J.; Hassam, Z.

    1979-01-01

    A test is described for assessing the sanitizing effect of napkin treatment products on naturally urine-wetted and faecally-contaminated napkins. This test defines in-use conditions which closely resemble typical domestic situations. One napkin treatment product ('Napisan'), tested at two different concentrations and with challenges of different numbers of babies' napkins, performed satisfactorily under the conditions used. PMID:448064

  6. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. It has no bumpers, pillows

  7. Babies Look and Learn: A Guide for Parents.

    E-print Network

    Anonymous,

    1979-01-01

    , College Station, Texas 8-1232 Give baby things to look at to help him learn Hang a toy where baby can see it To make a hanging toy Crush bright colored paper into a ball Sew a thread through it Hang it from a stick or clot hes hanger Lay... baby on his back \\ so he can see 1 Hang pictures on the wall where baby can see them You may cut a picture from a magazine or . hang the pictures children bring home from school. Give baby something to look at and reach for. Tie a...

  8. The native membrane fusion machinery in cells.

    PubMed

    Jeong, E H; Webster, P; Khuong, C Q; Abdus Sattar, A K; Satchi, M; Jena, B P

    1998-01-01

    Recombinant SNAREs have been demonstrated as the minimal membrane fusion machinery. The participation of additional proteins in the regulation of membrane fusion has been suggested. In this study we provide nanometer-resolution images of native NSF oligomers and SNARE complexes isolated from neurons and the pancreas. Our study reveals the presence of new coiled rod-like structures in association with the SNARE complex only in neuronal tissue. Neuronal SNAREs were found coiled and super-coiled with these structures. The existence of NSF as pentamers in its native state is also demonstrated. The extent of coiling and super-coiling of SNAREs may regulate the potency and efficacy of membrane fusion in cells. PMID:10452836

  9. Selected US farm machinery market characteristics and their implications for the future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carl Zulauf; Gary D. Schnitkey

    1989-01-01

    Trends in farm machinery use suggest the US farm machinery market is a replacement market. Moreover, since 1960, the price of machinery has risen relative to prices for other production inputs. Econometric analysis suggests that higher relative machinery prices encourage input substitution. Thus, relative price trends should be a major concern to the machinery industry. The analysis also suggests that

  10. 18. SOUTHWEST TO CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. CO. PUNCH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. SOUTHWEST TO CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. CO. PUNCH PRESS, CIRCA 1910 'THE RACINE' RECIPROCATING HACK SAW, AND CIRCA 1900 SNAG GRINDER NEAR CENTER OF FACTORY BUILDING. AT THE RIGHT ARE THREE WHEELED WORK STATIONS. THE LINE SHAFT WITH BELTS AND PULLEYS FOR OPERATING MACHINERY IS VISIBLE IN THE RIGHT BACKGROUND. - Kregel Windmill Company Factory, 1416 Central Avenue, Nebraska City, Otoe County, NE

  11. SUGGESTED PROCEDURES FOR ESTIMATING FARM MACHINERY COSTS FOR EXTENSION AUDIENCES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William F. Lazarus; Roger A. Selley

    2001-01-01

    North Central Farm Machinery Task Force is a group of extension economists who evaluated alternative methods for estimating farm machinery costs and made recommendations for the development of extension materials. This paper describes the procedures agreed upon, and explains the rationale for the procedures chosen. The focus is on \\

  12. Industrial Machinery Maintenance and Repair. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in industrial machinery maintenance and repair in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of millwrights, maintenance mechanics, and machinery erectors; program…

  13. System dynamics simulation for constructing maintenance management of ship machinery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. W. Handani; K. Ishida; S. Nishimura; S. Hariyanto

    2011-01-01

    The operation of a safe ship relies on the success of the occupied operating system. This paper shows a model of a reliability analysis in the System Dynamics (SD) simulation in order to recognize a potential failure and prevent a functional failure of maintainable items of ship machinery components. The simulated machinery component is the pump which is operated in

  14. 4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, AMMONIA COMPRESSION DYNAMOS IN MACHINERY ROOM ALONG SOUTH SIDE OF WESTERN PORTION OF BUILDING, FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE TO MACHINERY ROOM, LOOKING WEST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  15. The incubation of a social movement? Preterm babies, parent activists, and neonatal productions in the US context.

    PubMed

    Landzelius, Kyra

    2006-02-01

    This article explores health-based activism on the part of the US 'parents of preemies' movement, a mutual-help network mobilized around babies born precariously early and acutely dependent upon life-support incubators. The movement articulates two meta-agendas for parental empowerment: (1) the quest to access/exercise greater participatory inclusivity vis-ŕ-vis the preterm baby within the biomedical domain; and, (2) the quest to secure/command greater representational authority over the preterm baby within the public domain. Seen in terms of the erosion of the status quo, it can be argued that the movement's tangible and intangible aims to chip away at these traditions have been softly revolutionary: heralding new working partnerships between medical practitioners and patients' families; radical shifts in the technological consciousness and competences of preemie parents; and cyborg changes in conventional categories of the person. Yet, seen in terms of a normative order of things, it can be argued that the movement has largely and willingly been "co/operated": meaning that it has been "cooperative," but equally "co-opted" and "operated into" the disciplinary trajectory of neonatal medicine as well as the historical march of biopolitics with its governance of the collective body populous. From this critical perspective, the movement qua social movement thus itself might be considered incubated--cocooned, gestated, disciplined--and brought into existence by the very powers and hegemonic (patriarchal) machinery that viable resistance might struggle to govern instead of serve. PMID:16039029

  16. Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981

  17. Rotational symmetry breaking in baby Skyrme models

    E-print Network

    Itay Hen; Marek Karliner

    2007-10-21

    We consider multisolitons with charges 1 =baby Skyrme model for the one-parametric family of potentials U=\\mu^2 (1-\\phi_3)^s with 0baby Skyrme models. We find that for charge one, stable solutions exist for every value of s and they are rotationally-symmetric. For higher charges, stable solutions exist only below s \\approx 2. In the charge-two sector the stable solutions are always rotationally-symmetric and ring-like. For charge three and above, rotational symmetry is exhibited only in the small s region; above a certain critical value of s, this symmetry is broken and a strong repulsion between the constituent one-Skyrmions becomes apparent. We also compute the spatial energy distributions of these solutions.

  18. Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?

    PubMed Central

    Bronfin, Daniel R.

    2001-01-01

    A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21765737

  19. Preparing kids for the new baby.

    PubMed

    Storr, G B; Robinson, P

    1998-03-01

    Sibling prenatal classes are a natural extension of nursing's interest and expertise in childbirth preparation for expectant couples. From parents' perspective, these classes have the potential to decrease sibling rivalry and facilitate parental coping with older children's concerns about a new baby. From a nurse educator's perspective, sibling prenatal classes offer a rich learning experience for students by providing an opportunity to integrate knowledge about pregnancy and birth with communication skills and child development knowledge. PMID:9633319

  20. Baby Names, Visualization, and Social Data Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Wattenberg

    2005-01-01

    The NameVoyager, a web-based visualization of historical trends in baby naming, has proven remarkably popular. This paper discusses the display techniques used for smooth visual exploration of thousands of time series and the application's simple keyboard-based mechanism for filtering the view. We also describe design decisions behind the application and lessons learned in creating an application that makes do-it-yourself data

  1. The physical manifestations of shaken baby syndrome.

    PubMed

    Mraz, Megan A

    2009-01-01

    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a great concern for forensic nurses. Accurate diagnosis and treatment is essential. The purpose of this report is to review the history of SBS, as well as the physical symptoms of a patient suspected of suffering from this form of abuse. Implications of SBS for the forensic nurse will be presented; this will include the education of families and caregivers and methods of prevention. PMID:19222686

  2. The gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

    E-print Network

    C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

    2012-07-09

    The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. In the limit where the term quadratic in derivatives (the "sigma model term") vanishes some additional structure emerges. The resulting ("extreme" or "restricted" or "BPS") baby Skyrme model has exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this restricted model. Further, the restricted model has infinitely many symmetries and infinitely many conservation laws. Here we consider the gauged version of the restricted baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term for the gauge field. We find that, again, there exists a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. We further find that the whole problem is essentially determined by a new kind of superpotential equation. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a solution which exists globally, i.e., on the whole target space. We also calculate soliton solutions both exactly and numerically, completely confirming our qualitative analytical results.

  3. Shaken baby syndrome: identification, intervention, and prevention.

    PubMed

    Wyszynski, M E

    1999-09-01

    More than 1 million children are severely abused annually. Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), one example of physical abuse, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. There is a national annual incidence in the United States of 750 to 3,750 cases of SBS. Shaken baby syndrome is defined as vigorous manual shaking of an infant who is being held by the extremities or shoulders, leading to whiplash-induced intracranial and intraocular bleeding with no external signs of head trauma. Shaken baby syndrome should be suspected in infants with a wide spectrum of clinical signs and symptoms. The classic findings of SBS are retinal hemorrhages, usually bilateral, and intracranial injury. One third of the victims of SBS survive with few or no sequelae, one third suffer permanent injury, and one third die. Parental behaviors, environmental factors, and child characteristics all may contribute to a shaking event. The nurse practitioner, in a wide variety of clinical settings, is in a strategic position for the early identification and intervention for families at risk for SBS. Prevention through parent, caregiver, and community-wide education programs is the only option for infants who are at risk for SBS. PMID:10763623

  4. The baby killers are still at large.

    PubMed

    Power, J

    1994-08-12

    This newspaper editorial reports that the UN Children's Fund's (UNICEF) executive director and recent US Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient believes that 1.5 million infants would survive annually if breast feeding declines worldwide were reversed. UNICEF adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes in the World Health Assembly in 1981. The code restricts direct advertising, inadequate labels, saleswomen dressed as nurses, and promotion of free samples. The Baby Food Action Network is reported to have released a report which states that baby food companies are still donating free supplies of infant formula to hospitals. The UNICEF position is that provision of free supplies is the most important disincentive to breast feeding. 81 governments adopted the guidelines, but 41 countries have hospitals which accept free samples. 28 of these 41 countries adopted the ban. The Nestle Company, which was cited 20 years age for this practice, won the legal battle and today defies the guidelines in 22 countries, including China, Zimbabwe, and Bangladesh. A US company, Mead Johnson, uses advertising on its label that shows Beatrice Potter's Peter Rabbit being bottle fed. The International Code restricts idealization of bottle feeding. Nutrician, a large conglomerate ownership of US and European infant formula companies, brazenly advertises in the Peruvian daily newspapers with photos of baby milk boxes being donated to hospitals. Dr. Derek Jelliffe, an infant nutritionist, is credited with being the first to publicize the dangers of commercialized malnutrition 21 years ago. PMID:12319575

  5. Global Design Optimization for Fluid Machinery Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shyy, Wei; Papila, Nilay; Tucker, Kevin; Vaidyanathan, Raj; Griffin, Lisa

    2000-01-01

    Recent experiences in utilizing the global optimization methodology, based on polynomial and neural network techniques for fluid machinery design are summarized. Global optimization methods can utilize the information collected from various sources and by different tools. These methods offer multi-criterion optimization, handle the existence of multiple design points and trade-offs via insight into the entire design space can easily perform tasks in parallel, and are often effective in filtering the noise intrinsic to numerical and experimental data. Another advantage is that these methods do not need to calculate the sensitivity of each design variable locally. However, a successful application of the global optimization method needs to address issues related to data requirements with an increase in the number of design variables and methods for predicting the model performance. Examples of applications selected from rocket propulsion components including a supersonic turbine and an injector element and a turbulent flow diffuser are used to illustrate the usefulness of the global optimization method.

  6. Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V P Bhatia; G P Katiyar; K N Agarwal; T K Das; P K Dey

    1980-01-01

    Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

  7. Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ????) French (français) Hindi (??????) Japanese (???) Korean (???) Russian (???????) Somali (af Soomaali) Spanish (espańol) ... ???????????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Korean (???) Choosing a Doctor for Your Baby ??? ...

  8. The Development of Embodied Cognition: Six Lessons from Babies

    E-print Network

    Gasser, Michael

    and inventive intelligence that characterizes humankind. Keywords: development, cognition, language, embodiment intelligence that characterizes humankind. In preview, the six lessons are these: 1. Babies experience

  9. Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women

    E-print Network

    Carrington, Emily

    Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema (``Kindchen- schema'') as a set of infantile physical features, regardless of kinship. caregiving functional MRI social cognition infant accumbens Ethologist Konrad Lorenz

  10. 7. Wayne Chandler, Photographer, May 2000 View to southeast. Machinery ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Wayne Chandler, Photographer, May 2000 View to southeast. Machinery for turning bull wheel on Davis Lock hoist. - St. Mary's Falls Canal, Soo Locks, Emergency Dam Steam Plant, St. Mary's River at Falls, Sault Ste. Marie, Chippewa County, MI

  11. 14. Overview of bay without sluice gate machinery to northeast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Overview of bay without sluice gate machinery to northeast - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel, Lock & Dam No. 1, In Mississippi River at Mississippi Boulevard, below Ford Parkway Bridge, Saint Paul, Ramsey County, MN

  12. 7. Interior view of machinery looking at window of east ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Interior view of machinery looking at window of east wall of 1953 addition, view to northeast. - Ellsworth Air Force Base, Waste Water Treatment Plant, Ellsworth Street, Blackhawk, Meade County, SD

  13. Impact of electric towers on farm machinery operations

    SciTech Connect

    Fortin, J.M.; Vigneault, C.

    1981-01-01

    A special program has been prepared to evaluate land and time lost in the operation of farm machinery around electric towers. Various parameters involved in such a study are described. Applications to various farm productions are also shown. 10 refs.

  14. 28. View of operating machinery shoeing electric motor, clutch drive ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    28. View of operating machinery shoeing electric motor, clutch drive wheel and hand-painted alignment dial, (Nov. 25, 1988) - University Heights Bridge, Spanning Harlem River at 207th Street & West Harlem Road, New York, New York County, NY

  15. 20. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. DETAIL VIEW OF MOVABLE SPAN MACHINERY UNDER GRID DECK AT CENTRAL CONCRETE SUPPORT PEDESTAL, SHOWING DRIVE GEARS, ELECTRIC MOTOR AND STEEL BEAMS (taken in January 1984) - Sharptown Bridge, Spanning Nanticoke River, State Route 313, Sharptown, Wicomico County, MD

  16. 39. TAINTER GATE VALVES, OPERATING MACHINERY, AND VALVE ASSEMBLED AUXILIARY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    39. TAINTER GATE VALVES, OPERATING MACHINERY, AND VALVE ASSEMBLED AUXILIARY LOCK. January 1932 - Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 15, Upper Mississipi River (Arsenal Island), Rock Island, Rock Island County, IL

  17. Perceptions of Baby Talk, Frequency of Receiving Baby Talk, and Self-Esteem Among Community and Nursing Home Residents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian P. O’Connor; Holly Rigby

    1996-01-01

    Community-living seniors (n = 113) and nursing home residents (n = 43) provided their impressions of baby-talk and neutral-talk scenarios and completed measures of functional health, need for succorance, and self-esteem. Two orthogonal dimensions were found in perceptions of baby talk: Warmth and Superiority. The personality trait of need for succorance was consistently associated with perceptions of warmth in baby

  18. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

    E-print Network

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Has your baby started drinking from a cup? ( ) ( ) Does she/he eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, cereals? ( ) ( ) Does she/he eat any finger foods? ( ) ( ) Is your baby stooling comfortably

  19. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

    E-print Network

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Perinatal Issues (if this is 1st visit) Yes No Was your baby born on time? ( ) ( ) Number of weeks pregnant, diabetes, abnormal ultrasound, emergency delivery)? ( ) ( ) Was your baby head-down at the time of delivery

  20. Mathematical?neural model for assessing productivity of earthmoving machinery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Krzysztof Schabowicz; Bozena Hola

    2007-01-01

    Many construction processes are carried out by machines working together and forming technological systems, eg earthmoving machinery made up of excavators and haulers (trucks). Productivity (W(N)) is a key to valuate the process design purposes. The paper presents the results obtained by applying artificial neural networks to predict productivity (W(N),S) for earthmoving machinery systems, consisting of c excavators and N

  1. Let Baby Set the Delivery Date: Wait Until 39 Weeks if You Can

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and Human Services Latest Issue This Issue Features Autism Spectrum Disorder Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Health Capsules ... the lifelong health of that baby.” search Features Autism Spectrum Disorder Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Wise Choices ...

  2. 76 FR 65216 - Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding Application for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ...Training Administration [TA-W-80,350] Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of...TAA) applicable to workers and former workers Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, Michigan (Baby Bliss). The determination was issued on...

  3. 77 FR 37000 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker- jumpers. The collection...safety requirements for products called ``baby-bouncers'' and...

  4. 76 FR 37055 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ...Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby Squash and Baby Courgettes From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health...collection associated with regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. DATES:...

  5. Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.

    2014-05-01

    In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

  6. Development of remote control system of construction machinery using pneumatic robot arm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takahiro SASAKI; Toshim MIYATA; K. Kawashima

    2004-01-01

    In the restoration work from disasters, the remote control of construction machinery is required to ensure the worker's safety. However, only limited numbers of remote controlled construction machinery exist and they are typically larger than conventional machinery. After a disaster, the transportation of such machinery takes additional times and is often troublesome. Therefore, it would be desirable to develop a

  7. The Design of Farm Machinery Statistics Management System Based on Network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Hua; Yin Wenqing; Qi Xindan

    2008-01-01

    The farm machinery statistics is an important task of the farm machinery management, agricultural machinery statistics will provide the main basis for decision-making. With the development of computer technology, the use of advanced software technology and network technology can change the traditional agricultural machinery statistical methods. So, three tasks has done in this paper. First, the present situation of the

  8. Baby Boom Equals Career Bust. Monographs on Career Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Charles Guy

    Presenting the Baby Boom (1946-1965) as both a potential social problem and opportunity for American leadership, this monograph discusses the following aspects of this population concern: (1) its immediate and long-term impact on career opportunities for those college graduates who make up the baby boom generation; (2) its impact on those whose…

  9. Talking with Your Baby: Family as the First School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling; Brophy, Holly Elisabeth

    Noting that children s first words are exciting for parents to hear, this book describes how babies can "talk" before they learn to say actual words and shows ways parents can help babies learn language. The book addresses a neglected area in child development--how to help low literacy parents and parents for whom English is a Second Language…

  10. CDC Vital Signs: Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives

    MedlinePLUS

    ... tested for hepatitis C. Doctors, nurses and other health care providers can: Test all baby boomers and people with other risks ... hepatitis C and all doctors, nurses, and other health care providers should test all their patients who are baby boomers for ...

  11. Comparison of migration from polyethersulphone and polycarbonate baby bottles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Simoneau; S. Valzacchi; V. Morkunas; L. Van den Eede

    2011-01-01

    This work presents two analytical methods developed for measuring three components of polyethersulphone (PES) and applying them to the migration testing of 30 baby bottles made of PES. The study also provides migration results under the same conditions for bisphenol A (BPA) from 40 polycarbonate baby bottles using a well-established method adapted to low concentrations. For PES bottles, migration of

  12. Is New Zealand Facing a Baby Boomer Housing Bust?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bob Hargreaves

    The baby boomer generation (1946-1964) represents a population bulge that isn't replicated in the younger generation who might be expected to live in the houses vacated by the baby boomers. Several authors have observed from 2010 there are likely to be more sellers than buyers, hence price reductions. This paper takes a contrary viewpoint. The following reasons are advanced as

  13. Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, DiAnne H.

    2009-01-01

    Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

  14. Fussy Babies, Worried Families, and a New Service Network

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilkerson, Linda; Gray, Larry; Mork, Nancy

    2005-01-01

    The authors document the conceptualization, over time, of "fussy baby syndrome" and the establishment of a Fussy Baby Clinic. Excessive infant crying (commonly called colic) typically subsides in the first 3 months but may set up a cycle of parent-infant distress. Families studied felt a high degree of emotional stress and physical exhaustion;…

  15. The Effects of Baby Sign Training on Child Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda; Rodriguez, Sarai

    2014-01-01

    Although Baby Sign is gaining in popularity, there is a scarcity of research supporting its use. The research that has been conducted is conflicting. In the current study, nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years and five months participated in a baby sign workshop. A pre--post-test design was used to assess the…

  16. Infants & Toddlers "What's Going On? How to Hold Squriming Babies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2005-01-01

    Using Simple strategies, caregivers can learn to effectively communicate with infants through touch. This article offers suggestions and techniques for calming squirming babies of all types and ages who seem to be unable to find a comfortable position while being held. She begins by suggesting that care givers of very small babies be patient and…

  17. Teenagers and Their Babies: A Perinatal Home Visitor's Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

    2008-01-01

    "Teenagers and Their Babies" is a self-study and preparation guide for paraprofessional home-based visitors to engage expectant and new parents in an exploration of their baby's development and their expectations for parenthood. The guide includes service interventions--strategies, techniques, and activities--for home visitors and doulas to use…

  18. Temperature monitoring and control in the newborn baby

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yvonne Freer; Andrew Lyon

    The importance of keeping the newborn baby warm has been known for centuries but worldwide in the 21st century hypothermia remains a major contributor to neonatal mortality. Although less of a problem in high income countries there is evidence that low temperatures have an impact on outcome at vulnerable times, particularly in the baby born preterm. It is clear that

  19. Variations in the resting oxygen consumption of small babies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N Rutter; S M Brown; D Hull

    1978-01-01

    Over 200 measurements of the resting rate of oxygen consumption using an open-circuit method were made on 15 small babies nursed in their usual clinical setting during the first month of life. There were striking and persistent variations between babies that could not be explained by postnatal age, relationship to feed, sleep, or time of day. It was not possible

  20. Care of Baby Chicks1 Christopher DeCubellis2

    E-print Network

    Watson, Craig A.

    is at a Figure 1. Wire brooder, light on #12;2Care of Baby Chicks comfortable temperature, the chicks will moveAN-170 Care of Baby Chicks1 Christopher DeCubellis2 1. This document is Series AN-170 one need a clean environment that protects them from drafts and keeps them at the proper temperature

  1. Baby Boom Caregivers: Care in the Age of Individualization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guberman, Nancy; Lavoie, Jean-Pierre; Blein, Laure; Olazabal, Ignace

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Many Baby Boomers are faced with the care of aging parents, as well as that of disabled or ill spouses or children. This study examines how Baby Boomers in Quebec, Canada, perceive and play their role as caregivers and how this might differ from their parents' generation. Design and methods: This was a qualitative and empirical study…

  2. Better Baby Care: A Book for Family Day Care Providers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nash, Margaret; Tate, Costella

    A resource for child caregivers providing family day care for infants and toddlers, this book is designed to provide information and suggestions in a format that is easy to follow, and in language that is easy to read. Chapter 1 gives tips on "baby-proofing" the home, as well as ideas for toys, equipment, and how to integrate a baby into the…

  3. Water loss from the skin of term and preterm babies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N Rutter; D Hull

    1979-01-01

    Water loss from the skin of term and preterm babies, nursed naked in incubators under neutral thermal conditions, was measured by a method based on estimating the water vapour pressure gradient close to the skin surface. 199 sets of measurements were made on 78 babies whose gestational ages ranged from 26 to 41 weeks, during the first 4 weeks of

  4. Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

    2011-01-01

    Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

  5. Development of the Farm Machinery Statistical Management System Based on Web

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qi, Xindan; Li, Hua; Yin, Wenqing

    The farm machinery statistics is an important task of the farm machinery management, the statistics of farm machinery in Jiangsu Province are very wide. Improving the working of statistical analyses by advanced computer technology, enhancing the efficiency, is a topic which the farm machinery superintendent and the scientific and technical worker explore continuously. The present situation of the farm machinery statistics management informationization was analyzed .Mainly, the status of the farm machinery statistics management in Jiangsu Province was investigated. Subsequently, the farm machinery statistics management system based on the Web database was developed and the introduction on main function of the system was made.

  6. The total thermal insulation of the new-born baby.

    PubMed

    Hey, E N; Katz, G; O'Connell, B

    1970-05-01

    1. One hundred and seventeen healthy new-born babies weighing between 0.9 and 4.8 kg at delivery have been studied during the first ten days of life, and sixteen of these babies have been studied serially for 6 weeks after birth. The babies lay supine in a draught-free environment (air speed 4-5 cm/sec) of moderate humidity. The operative temperature was between 26 and 38 degrees C for the babies who were studied naked.2. Total non-evaporative heat loss was calculated from simultaneous measurements of oxygen consumption, evaporative water loss and the concomitant change in mean body temperature.3. Approximately 10% of the total body surface area was in contact with the mattress or floor. Conductive heat loss accounted for only about 5% of all non-evaporative heat loss when the naked baby was lying on a thick foam mattress, but for as much as 25% when the baby was lying in a water-jacketed chamber with a floor of clear plastic approximately 5 mm thick.4. Insulation to heat loss by convection and radiation varied with environmental temperature. Total specific insulation was low in a warm environment when the naked baby vasodilated, and rose by between 16 and 25% to a maximum in an environment of 31 degrees C. It decreased significantly when the baby became physically active in environments with a temperature less than this.5. Total specific insulation in an environment of 31 degrees C varied with body size: it averaged 0.156 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in seven naked babies weighing 0.9-1.2 kg, rose to 0.190 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in twelve babies weighing 1.8-2.2 kg, and averaged 0.201 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in the thirty-four babies who weighed over 3 kg. Tissue insulation accounted for 23% of this total specific insulation in the smaller babies, and about 28% of the total in babies weighing over 3 kg.6. Clothing ten babies in a vest, napkin and long cotton nightdress increased the total specific insulation by an average of 0.23 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal. PMID:5503276

  7. Massage Changes Babies' Body, Brain and Behavior

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishikawa, Chihiro; Shiga, Takashi

    Tactile stimulation is an important factor in mother-infant interactions. Many studies on both human and animals have shown that tactile stimulation during the neonatal period has various beneficial effects in the subsequent growth of the body and brain. In particular, massage is often applied to preterm human babies as “touch care”, because tactile stimulation together with kinesthetic stimulation increases body weight, which is accompanied by behavioral development and the changes of endocrine and neural conditions. Among them, the elevation of insulin-like growth factor-1, catecholamine, and vagus nerve activity may underlie the body weight gain. Apart from the body weight gain, tactile stimulation has various effects on the nervous system and endocrine system. For example, it has been reported that tactile stimulation on human and animal babies activates parasympathetic nervous systems, while suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalcortical (HPA) axis, which may be related to the reduction of emotionality, anxiety-like behavior, and pain sensitivity. In addition, animal experiments have shown that tactile stimulation improves learning and memory. Facilitation of the neuronal activity and the morphological changes including the hippocampal synapse may underlie the improvement of the learning and memory. In conclusion, it has been strongly suggested that tactile stimulation in early life has beneficial effects on body, brain structure and function, which are maintained throughout life.

  8. DEVELOPMENT OF THE FARM MACHINERY STATISTICAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BASED ON WEB

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xindan Qi; Hua Li; Wenqing Yin

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a The farm machinery statistics is an important task of the farm machinery management, the statistics of farm machinery in Jiangsu\\u000a Province are very wide. Improving the working of statistical analyses by advanced computer technology, enhancing the efficiency,\\u000a is a topic which the farm machinery superintendent and the scientific and technical worker explore continuously. The present\\u000a situation of the farm machinery

  9. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

  10. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

  11. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

  12. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

  13. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

  14. Integrated measure and control system for textile machinery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Yuantao; Zhao, Jinzhi; Zhao, Zexiang

    2010-12-01

    In this paper, textile mechanical drive control is researched. Textile machinery integrated measure and control system is established. The system is composed of micro-computer, PLC, transducer, implement device, all kinds of detective components and industrial Ethernet etc. Technology of industrial field bus control and Internet technique are applied. The system is on a background of textile production technique, such as spring, woven, chemical fiber, non-woven, dyeing and finishing. A network based open integrated control system is developed. Various characteristics of production technique flow and textile machinery movement discipline are presented. Configuration software is introduced according to user's control tasks. Final remote automatic controls are finished. This may make development cost reduced, and development periods shortened. Some problems in textile machinery development process are solved, which may make transparency factory and remote development realized.

  15. Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure

    SciTech Connect

    Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

    2007-12-20

    After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

  16. Grab `n Go Bags Have a Grab `n Go Bag for each person in the house. Keep it by your bed.

    E-print Network

    Burke, Peter

    and toothpaste, soap, tissues, hand wipes, toilet tissue, etc. Special needs ­ medication, diapers, infant year) Personal sanitary items (Depends, disposable bags, ties, wipes) X `n Go Bag. Formula, disposable bottles, nipples Diapers and wipes Instant baby cereal Bowl and spoon

  17. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. Each full-size baby...

  18. Heat and mass transfer from a baby manikin: impact of a chemical warfare protective bag

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulf Danielsson; Eur J Appl Physiol

    2004-01-01

    A chemical warfare (CW) protective bag for babies, younger than 1 year, has been evaluated in respect of thermal load. Heat and water vapour dissipating from the baby make the climate in the protective bag more demanding than outside. The thermal strain on a baby was estimated from heat and mass transfer data using an electrically heated baby manikin and a

  19. MicroRNA Machinery Genes as Novel Biomarkers for Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Jing-Tao; Wang, Jin; Srivastava, Vibhuti; Sen, Subrata; Liu, Song-Mei

    2014-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) directly and indirectly affect tumorigenesis. To be able to perform their myriad roles, miRNA machinery genes, such as Drosha, DGCR8, Dicer1, XPO5, TRBP, and AGO2, must generate precise miRNAs. These genes have specific expression patterns, protein-binding partners, and biochemical capabilities in different cancers. Our preliminary analysis of data from The Cancer Genome Atlas consortium on multiple types of cancer revealed significant alterations in these miRNA machinery genes. Here, we review their biological structures and functions with an eye toward understanding how they could serve as cancer biomarkers. PMID:24904827

  20. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents. 

    E-print Network

    Anonymous,

    1979-01-01

    TOoe . ZTA245 07 8873 , ~O.I2."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from... touching you Hold him close to your body. Stroke his cheek Rub his body when you : bathe him. ~dby needs things he can grasp Things he can hold Things he can drop Babies learn by tasting Give babies toys that are safe They will put them...

  1. Baby Swings, Car Seats Not Safe for Sleeping

    MedlinePLUS

    ... gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_152208.html Baby Swings, Car Seats Not Safe for Sleeping To avoid suffocation, ... 2015 FRIDAY, April 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Using car seats, swings, bouncers and other carrying devices as ...

  2. Time to Eat! What Will You Feed Your Baby?

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... register. I'm interested in: Pregnancy Baby growth & care Research Volunteer opportunities Advocacy in government For health ... acid During your pregnancy Your pregnant body Prenatal care Eating and nutrition Physical activity Emotional and life ...

  3. When your baby or infant has a fever

    MedlinePLUS

    ... fever a baby or infant has is often scary for parents. Most fevers are harmless and are ... seizures occur in some children and can be scary to parents. However, most febrile seizures are over ...

  4. Pregnancy Problems? Boost the Chance of Having a Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Chance of Having a Baby For those who dream of being parents, pregnancy problems can be tremendously ... doesn’t work, doctors may recommend medication, surgery, artificial insemination (in which a woman is injected with ...

  5. Using Blood Tests to Identify Babies and Criminals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer Doherty

    Students learn the genetics and immunobiology of the ABO blood type system, using simple chemicals and logical reasoning to solve a murder mystery and to determine whether two babies were switched in the hospital.

  6. 32. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. GEAR 'D' IS AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    32. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. GEAR 'D' IS AT CENTER OF PHOTOGRAPH, EMERGENCY BRAKE ON THE PEDESTAL TO THE LEFT OF CENTER - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

  7. An expert system towards solving ship auxiliary machinery troubleshooting: SHIPAMTSOLVER

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Selcuk Cebi; Metin Celik; Cengiz Kahraman; I. Deha Er

    2009-01-01

    This study proposes an expert system to aid shipboard personnel for solving ship auxiliary machinery troubleshootings. The developed expert system, called as SHIPAMTSOLVER, is structured based on PROLOG programming language. Principally, the SHIPAMTSOLVER suggests an optimum action code for the shipboard personnel with respect to the established rules on technical knowledge, system indicators, and previous failure experiences from the auxiliary

  8. Developmental Cell WIP/WASp-Based Actin-Polymerization Machinery

    E-print Network

    Shilo, Benny

    Developmental Cell Article WIP/WASp-Based Actin-Polymerization Machinery Is Essential for Myoblast myoblasts. We have established that Wsp, the Drosophila homolog of the WASp family of microfilament nucle-WIP, a homolog of the conserved Verprolin/ WASp Interacting Protein family of WASp-bind- ing proteins, performs

  9. A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING FARM MACHINERY PURCHASE DECISIONS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas G. Johnson; William J. Brown; Kevin OGrady

    1985-01-01

    This paper presents a model of the farm management process. The model suggests that certain socioeconomic characteristics of farm managers will influence their decision-making process. Several characteristics are hypothesized an tested using multivariate techniques (multivariate analysis of variance, range tests, and multiple comparisons). The analysis indicates that the soil zone, value of machinery inventory, operator's age, and operator's education influence

  10. Feasibility Study of Inspection of Farm Machinery Safety Features

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark A. Purschwitz; Dean T. Stueland; Barbara C. Lee

    1994-01-01

    Agriculture continues to be a very hazardous industry. One of the possible risk factors injuries may be the absence of safety features on farm machinery. A feasibility study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of obtaining information on deficiencies or absence of safety devices. Tractors and Power take-off (PTO) driven machines on 36 dairy farms were inspected. The pilot study

  11. 7. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; 38 HORSEPOWER ELECTRIC MOTOR IN LEFT-CENTER, RACK AND PINION GEAR TO THE RIGHT - Chicago River Bascule Bridge, West Cortland Street, Spanning North Branch of Chicago River at West Cortland Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

  12. Interior of machinery house showing (L to R) firststage gearbox, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior of machinery house showing (L to R) first-stage gearbox, hoist drum, and second-stage bull gear. The electric motor, which has been removed, turned the gearbox flange. Lifting wire ropes have been cut and left slack. - Potomac Edison Company, Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Bridge, Spanning C & O Canal South of U.S. 11, Williamsport, Washington County, MD

  13. 6. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. DETAIL OF LIFTING MACHINERY HOUSED UNDER THE APPROACH ROADWAY; 38 HORSEPOWER ELECTRIC MOTOR IN RIGHT-CENTER, RACK AND PINION GEAR TO THE LEFT - Chicago River Bascule Bridge, West Cortland Street, Spanning North Branch of Chicago River at West Cortland Street, Chicago, Cook County, IL

  14. Integrated measure and control system for textile machinery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuantao Liu; Jinzhi Zhao; Zexiang Zhao

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, textile mechanical drive control is researched. Textile machinery integrated measure and control system is established. The system is composed of micro-computer, PLC, transducer, implement device, all kinds of detective components and industrial Ethernet etc. Technology of industrial field bus control and Internet technique are applied. The system is on a background of textile production technique, such as

  15. Liposome division by a simple bacterial division machinery

    E-print Network

    Erickson, Harold P.

    Liposome division by a simple bacterial division machinery Masaki Osawa ()1 and Harold P. Erickson not divide the thick-walled liposomes. Here we developed a unique system to observe Z rings in unilamellar that produced concave distortions when viewed at the equator of the liposome. When viewed en face at the top

  16. Rotating Machinery Fault Diagnosis Based on Support Vector Machine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yajuan Liu; Tao Liu

    2010-01-01

    In order to identify the rotating machinery fault, a method based on support vector machine (SVM) is proposed in this paper. After the feature vectors from the fault signals by means of wavelet packet are extracted and the support vector machine (SVM) classification algorithm to the classification of faults in rolling bearing is applied. By drawing a comparison between the

  17. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Machinery Service Technician.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These Illinois skill standards for agriculture machinery service technician are intended to serve as a guide to workforce preparation program providers as they define content for their programs and to employers as they establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. They could also serve as a mechanism for communication among…

  18. 1. Straighton view looking S at sugar cane crushing machinery ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Straight-on view looking S at sugar cane crushing machinery showing three-roll cane mill, single reduction gear, flywheel and steam engine. - Hacienda Azucarera la Igualdad, Sugar Mill Ruins & Steam Engine, PR Route 332, Guanica, Guanica Municipio, PR

  19. 46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...to the bulkhead deck. (b) Each penetration of, and each opening in, a bulkhead...means to make it watertight. (c) No penetration of a bulkhead in a machinery space by...is continuously watertight from the penetration to the main deck. (d) Each...

  20. 46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...to the bulkhead deck. (b) Each penetration of, and each opening in, a bulkhead...means to make it watertight. (c) No penetration of a bulkhead in a machinery space by...is continuously watertight from the penetration to the main deck. (d) Each...

  1. 46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...to the bulkhead deck. (b) Each penetration of, and each opening in, a bulkhead...means to make it watertight. (c) No penetration of a bulkhead in a machinery space by...is continuously watertight from the penetration to the main deck. (d) Each...

  2. 46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...to the bulkhead deck. (b) Each penetration of, and each opening in, a bulkhead...means to make it watertight. (c) No penetration of a bulkhead in a machinery space by...is continuously watertight from the penetration to the main deck. (d) Each...

  3. 46 CFR 174.195 - Bulkheads in machinery spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...to the bulkhead deck. (b) Each penetration of, and each opening in, a bulkhead...means to make it watertight. (c) No penetration of a bulkhead in a machinery space by...is continuously watertight from the penetration to the main deck. (d) Each...

  4. Web-based Interactive Simulator for Rotating Machinery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sirohi, Vijayalaxmi

    1999-01-01

    Baroma (Balance of Rotating Machinery), the Web-based educational engineering interactive software for teaching/learning combines didactical and software ergonomical approaches. The software in tutorial form simulates a problem using Visual Interactive Simulation in graphic display, and animation is brought about through graphical user interface…

  5. Chapter 1 Farm Machinery and Operating a Tractor

    E-print Network

    79 Chapter 1 ­ Farm Machinery and Equipment Operating a Tractor Tractors are the main cause, have been killed or seriously injured falling from moving tractors, being run over by tractors, or being crushed when a tractor rolls sideways or backwards. Spot the hazard Regularly check for hazards

  6. 13. Photocopy of 1961. tracing of 1920. drawing. BASIC MACHINERY ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photocopy of 1961. tracing of 1920. drawing. BASIC MACHINERY LAYOUT. Drawing was made by the Berlin Construction Company and is in the possession of the Connecticut Department of Transportation, Wethersfield, Connecticut. - Niantic River Swing Bridge, Spanning Niantic River between East Lyme & Waterford, Old Lyme, New London County, CT

  7. 35. VIEW SOUTHEAST, WEST ABUTMENT OF OPERATING MACHINERY BASCULE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    35. VIEW SOUTHEAST, WEST ABUTMENT OF OPERATING MACHINERY - BASCULE LEAF RAISED - LARGE GEAR AT LEFT CENTER IS 'D' - REFER TO STRAUSS SHEETS #15 AND #18 FOR POWER TRAIN RELATIONSHIPS - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

  8. 30. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. BASCULE LEAF IN CLOSED ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. VIEW NORTHEAST OF OPERATING MACHINERY. BASCULE LEAF IN CLOSED POSITION - DRIVE GEAR 'D' IS AT CENTER OF PHOTOGRAPH. NOTE VERNACULAR WEIGHT SUSPENDED ON COUNTERWEIGHT AT TOP LEFT OF PHOTOGRAPH TO COMPENSATE FOR AN UNDERWEIGHT COUNTERWEIGHT - Tomlinson Bridge, Spanning Quinnipiac River at Forbes Street (U.S. Route 1), New Haven, New Haven County, CT

  9. Vibration-Based Damage Detection in Rotating Machinery

    SciTech Connect

    Farrar, C.R.; Duffey, T.A.

    1999-06-28

    Damage detection as determined from changes in the vibration characteristics of a system has been a popular research topic for the last thirty years. Numerous damage identification algorithms have been proposed for detecting and locating damage in structural and mechanical systems. To date, these damage-detection methods have shown mixed results. A particular application of vibration-based damage detection that has perhaps enjoyed the greatest success is that of damage detection in rotating machinery. This paper summarizes the state of technology in vibration-based damage detection applied to rotating machinery. The review interprets the damage detection process in terms of a statistical pattern recognition paradigm that encompasses all vibration-based damage detection methods and applications. The motivation for the study reported herein is to identify the reasons that vibration-based damage detection has been successfully applied to rotating machinery, but has yet to show robust applications to civil engineering infrastructure. The paper concludes by comparing and contrasting the vibration-based damage detection applied to rotating machinery with large civil engineering infrastructure applications.

  10. Should we maintain baby hatches in our society?

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background A baby hatch called the “Stork’s Cradle” has been in place at Jikei Hospital in Kumamoto City, Japan, since May 10, 2007. Babyklappes were first established in Germany in 2000, and there are currently more than 90 locations. Attitudes regarding baby hatches are divided in Japan and neither opinions for nor against baby hatches have thus far been overwhelming. To consider the appropriateness of baby hatches, we present and examine the validity of each major objection to establishing baby hatches. Discussion There are various objections to baby hatches as follows: It violates a child’s right to know the identity of his or her biological parents by allowing anonymous birth; it neglects fulfillment of the biological parents’ basic obligation to raise their child and its very availability induces abandonment of infants; some people abuse it for very selfish reasons; it cannot save babies’ lives; the rights of one parent can be ignored if the other surrenders a child without his or her consent; it puts a baby in medical jeopardy; and it has no clear legal basis. The authors would argue that there are many plausible refutations for each objection mainly based on priority of child’s right to life, pregnant women’s vulnerability and necessity of anonymity, social responsibility to protect and raise children, differences between dropping a child off at a baby hatch and child neglect, limited function of social childcare center, inevitability of abuse by a minority of people, necessary distinction between outcomes that occur only because baby hatches exist and those that occur regardless of their existence, important local direct and upmost measures for women in trouble, and difference between ambiguous legality and illegality. Summary We argue that a certain number of baby hatches should continue to be established as a last resort, in a form that can maintain anonymity if the parent dropping the child off so desires. It should be supported if it is initiated with good intentions; if the maximum possible effort is made at said facility to protect the interests, rights, and safety of the child; and if no clear evidence of harm exists. PMID:23433312

  11. The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R F Carpenter

    1999-01-01

    AIMTo obtain a prevalence rate and determine the distribution of accidental bruising in babies.METHODS177 babies aged 6–12 months were examined naked to look for bruises. They were seen in health visitor hearing test clinics and child health surveillance clinics. The site, size, shape, and colour of bruises were recorded on a skin map, and the parent’s explanation noted. Any other

  12. Jack Thomas, our third baby, enters the world!

    PubMed

    Stebbins, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Without the confidence and support of the medical team, this mother's first birth was difficult and unsatisfying. She was able to give birth naturally, in the care of a midwife, with her second baby. With confidence in her ability to give birth and the wisdom that comes with experience, she is able to give birth naturally with her third baby in spite of being induced. PMID:24839380

  13. Jack Thomas, Our Third Baby, Enters the World!

    PubMed Central

    Stebbins, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Without the confidence and support of the medical team, this mother’s first birth was difficult and unsatisfying. She was able to give birth naturally, in the care of a midwife, with her second baby. With confidence in her ability to give birth and the wisdom that comes with experience, she is able to give birth naturally with her third baby in spite of being induced. PMID:24839380

  14. Extended Supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

    E-print Network

    C. Adam; J. M. Queiruga; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

    2013-04-02

    We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d=2+1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N=1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N=1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N=2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N=2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N=2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

  15. Extended supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, C.; Queiruga, J. M.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2013-05-01

    We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d = 2 + 1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N = 1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N = 1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N = 2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N = 2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N = 2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

  16. Extended Supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

    E-print Network

    Adam, C; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

    2013-01-01

    We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d=2+1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N=1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N=1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N=2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N=2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N=2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

  17. The Research of Computer Aided Farm Machinery Designing Method Based on Ergonomics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Xiyin; Li, Xinling; Song, Qiang; Zheng, Ying

    Along with agricultural economy development, the farm machinery product type Increases gradually, the ergonomics question is also getting more and more prominent. The widespread application of computer aided machinery design makes it possible that farm machinery design is intuitive, flexible and convenient. At present, because the developed computer aided ergonomics software has not suitable human body database, which is needed in view of farm machinery design in China, the farm machinery design have deviation in ergonomics analysis. This article puts forward that using the open database interface procedure in CATIA to establish human body database which aims at the farm machinery design, and reading the human body data to ergonomics module of CATIA can product practical application virtual body, using human posture analysis and human activity analysis module to analysis the ergonomics in farm machinery, thus computer aided farm machinery designing method based on engineering can be realized.

  18. 75 FR 43307 - Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Notice of Proposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ...cribs, cradles, car beds, baby baskets, or bassinets. 2...survey conducted by the American Baby Group, CPSC staff estimates...underestimate if new mothers buy more than one crib). CPSC...Specification for Full-Size Baby Crib, in 1988. At that...

  19. The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies

    E-print Network

    Howle, Victoria E.

    The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies: Russell Stewart Howle Charlotte Morgan Howle who were born the morning?" by the nursing staff! They are also trying to figure out the logistics of looking after babies in NICU

  20. Baby Lauren and the Kool-Aid First the good news. Jake, our son's first child and our third grandchild, has a baby sister. Jake

    E-print Network

    Hansen, James E.

    1 Baby Lauren and the Kool-Aid First the good news. Jake, our son's first child and our third grandchild, has a baby sister. Jake is excited about this, as you can see in Fig. 1. Jake is always long extrapolations), who thinks he can protect his baby sister (Fig. 2).1 What Jake doesn't know

  1. Type II Transformation -Regeneration 3 Media -1 Liter *If using baby jars, read main protocol for special notes. Remember to autoclave and cool baby

    E-print Network

    Raizada, Manish N.

    . Dry baby jars 3 days in hood, lids on. Package plates n sleeves. Store at room temperature. Use withinType II Transformation - Regeneration 3 Media - 1 Liter *If using baby jars, read main protocol for special notes. Remember to autoclave and cool baby jars in advance. Store sterile jars in sterile hood

  2. Cross-correlations of American baby names.

    PubMed

    Barucca, Paolo; Rocchi, Jacopo; Marinari, Enzo; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, Federico

    2015-06-30

    The quantitative description of cultural evolution is a challenging task. The most difficult part of the problem is probably to find the appropriate measurable quantities that can make more quantitative such evasive concepts as, for example, dynamics of cultural movements, behavioral patterns, and traditions of the people. A strategy to tackle this issue is to observe particular features of human activities, i.e., cultural traits, such as names given to newborns. We study the names of babies born in the United States from 1910 to 2012. Our analysis shows that groups of different correlated states naturally emerge in different epochs, and we are able to follow and decrypt their evolution. Although these groups of states are stable across many decades, a sudden reorganization occurs in the last part of the 20th century. We unambiguously demonstrate that cultural evolution of society can be observed and quantified by looking at cultural traits. We think that this kind of quantitative analysis can be possibly extended to other cultural traits: Although databases covering more than one century (such as the one we used) are rare, the cultural evolution on shorter timescales can be studied due to the fact that many human activities are usually recorded in the present digital era. PMID:26069207

  3. Cross correlations of the American baby names

    E-print Network

    Barucca, Paolo; Marinari, Enzo; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, Federico

    2014-01-01

    The quantitative description of cultural evolution is a challenging task. The most difficult part of the problem is probably to find the appropriate measurable quantities that can make more quantitative such evasive concepts as, for example, dynamics of cultural movements, behavior patterns and traditions of the people. A strategy to tackle this issue is to observe particular features of human activities, i.e. cultural traits, such as names given to newborns. We study the names of babies born in the United States of America from 1910 to 2012. Our analysis shows that groups of different correlated states naturally emerge in different epochs, and we are able to follow and decrypt their evolution. While these groups of states are stable across many decades, a sudden reorganization occurs in the last part of the twentieth century. We think that this kind of quantitative analysis can be possibly extended to other cultural traits: although databases covering more than one century (as the one we used) are rare, the ...

  4. Learning and Legislating to Love: Marriage Promotion Policy and Family Inequality in America

    E-print Network

    Randles, Jennifer Marlene

    2011-01-01

    for a nice dinner or to buy baby toys or new clothing theythe money to buy formula for the baby, while Cody needed thebuy diapers this paycheck. Because he is like, as soon as payday, what does my baby

  5. 24th Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems OCTOBER 27-31, FOZ DO IGUASSU

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IAHR 24th Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems OCTOBER 27-31, FOZ DO IGUASSU RESERVED, published in "IAHR - 24th Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, Argentina (2008)" #12;24th Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems 2 INTRODUCTION Several types of plants use hydraulic pumps to withdraw water

  6. COMPETENCIES IN AGRICULTURE NEEDED BY MALES EMPLOYED IN WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY DISTRIBUTION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MAXWELL, ROBERT HAWORTH

    LISTS OF 39 AGRICULTURAL AND 37 NONAGRICULTURAL COMPETENCIES, ABILITIES, AND UNDERSTANDINGS NEEDED BY MALES EMPLOYED IN WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY DISTRIBUTION WERE DEVELOPED BY 18 SELECTED EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY FIRMS AND SENT IN QUESTIONNAIRE FORM TO 180 EMPLOYEES OF WHOLESALE FARM MACHINERY FIRMS THAT WERE COOPERATING MEMBERS OF…

  7. 46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks—T...separate category A machinery spaces from cargo pumprooms must...

  8. 46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. ...insulation within category A machinery spaces must have a barrier...

  9. 46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. ...insulation within category A machinery spaces must have a barrier...

  10. 46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. ...insulation within category A machinery spaces must have a barrier...

  11. 46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks—T...separate category A machinery spaces from cargo pumprooms must...

  12. 46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. ...insulation within category A machinery spaces must have a barrier...

  13. 46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks—T...separate category A machinery spaces from cargo pumprooms must...

  14. 46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks—T...separate category A machinery spaces from cargo pumprooms must...

  15. 46 CFR 32.56-40 - Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Insulation-T/ALL. 32...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-40 Category A machinery spaces: Insulation—T/ALL. ...insulation within category A machinery spaces must have a barrier...

  16. 46 CFR 32.56-30 - Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks-T...Structural Fire Protection for Tank Ships With a Keel Laying Date On or...56-30 Category A machinery spaces: Bulkheads and decks—T...separate category A machinery spaces from cargo pumprooms must...

  17. Function and regulation of the endosomal fusion and fission machineries.

    PubMed

    Gautreau, Alexis; Oguievetskaia, Ksenia; Ungermann, Christian

    2014-03-01

    Organelles within the endomembrane system are connected via vesicle flux. Along the endocytic pathway, endosomes are among the most versatile organelles. They sort cargo through tubular protrusions for recycling or through intraluminal vesicles for degradation. Sorting involves numerous machineries, which mediate fission of endosomal transport intermediates and fusion with other endosomes or eventually with lysosomes. Here we review the recent advances in our understanding of these processes with a particular focus on the Rab GTPases, tethering factors, and retromer. The cytoskeleton has also been recently recognized as a central player in membrane dynamics of endosomes, and this review covers the regulation of the machineries that govern the formation of branched actin networks through the WASH and Arp2/3 complexes in relation with cargo recycling and endosomal fission. PMID:24591520

  18. ASP syetem construction for machinery manufacturing process aided equipment management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Minru Yao; Zhenkai Yang

    2011-01-01

    In accordance with the slow development of the in machinery manufacturing process aided equipment management and no platform about it, an information sharing technology on the process aided equipment management is researched.A new idea about the process aided equipment management based on the networked manufacturing ASP(Application Service Provider) platform is put forward. At first,evolution status9˙ ASP service model and trend

  19. Is retinoic acid genetic machinery a chordate innovation?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cristian Canestro; John H. Postlethwait; Roser Gonzalez-Duarte; Ricard Albalatb

    2006-01-01

    SUMMARY Development of many chordate features depends on retinoic acid (RA). Because the action of RA duringdevelopment seems to be restricted to chordates,it had been previously proposed that the ''invention'' of RA genetic machinery, including RA-binding nuclear hormone receptors (Rars), and the RA-synthesizing and RA-degrading enzymes Aldh1a (Raldh) and Cyp26, respectively, was an important step for the origin of developmental

  20. Vibration Analysis of Rotating Machinery Using the Spectral Distribution Function

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davis, S. S.

    1998-07-01

    The spectral distribution function is used to characterize the vibration signal of rotating machinery. It is shown to be a more robust indicator than conventional power spectral density estimates, but requires only slightly more computational effort. The method is demonstrated with a model of a defective bearing. The spectral distribution function is applied to practical problems involving seeded helicopter transmission faults and the vibration signal from a ground-based vacuum compressor system.

  1. The research of dynamic agricultural machinery working area measure system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhuo Wei; Fang Yang; Li Zhang

    2011-01-01

    A simplified method of area-measurement system of farm machineries was proposed through the study of field test data, and a dynamic vehicle field area-measurement system based on GPS-OEM was built. In the test, the system represented (presented) high speed of information collection and high area measure accuracy with the error rate lower than 2%. The portability and convenience of this

  2. CAI - multimedia approach to farm tractor and machinery safety certification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger L. Tormoehlen; Ernest J. Sheldon; William E. Field

    1999-01-01

    Research was conducted at Purdue University with the primary goal to compare a newly developed self-instructional CAI\\/multimedia computer program with traditional instructional methods for use by youth enrolled in a farm tractor and machinery safety program. Seventy-two subjects selected from three 8th and 9th grade agricultural education classes and one group of middle school-aged youth (grades 6–19) involved in a

  3. The Potential of Reference Modeling for Simulating Mobile Construction Machinery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Werner Esswein; Sina Lehrmann; Jeannette Stark

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a This research-in-progress paper summarizes first results of the INPROVY project by applying reference modeling to the simulation\\u000a of mobile construction machinery. Four Business cases for a potential application of reference modeling are derived by an\\u000a expert interview. For these four business cases this paper discusses principles of reference modeling can be applied best\\u000a and how reference modeling can be used

  4. Life-cycle analysis of shipboard machinery resilient mounts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Polter, Sherwood Vern

    This thesis is about evaluating isolation performance on elastomeric mounts removed from a vessel after 20-years of service. Mount properties are evaluated to determine if extending service life is feasible. Current maintenance requires elastomeric mounts of the center bonded type to be replaced on specific machinery components regardless of condition after 20-years. To determine if mounts are still effective in providing vibration isolation, several testing methods are introduced to evaluate key performance indicators needed for more understanding of life-cycle.

  5. Characterization of the Late Endosomal ESCRT Machinery in Trypanosoma brucei

    PubMed Central

    Silverman, Jason S; Muratore, Katherine A; Bangs, James D

    2013-01-01

    The multivesicular body (MVB) is a specialized Rab7+ late endosome (LE) containing multiple intralumenal vesicles that function in targeting ubiquitinylated cell surface proteins to the lysosome for degradation. African trypanosomes lack a morphologically well-defined MVB, but contain orthologues of the ESCRT machinery that mediates MVB formation. We investigate the role of TbVps23, an early ESCRT component, and TbVps4, the terminal ESCRT ATPase, in lysosomal trafficking in bloodstream form trypanosomes. Both localize to the TbRab7+ LE and RNAi silencing of each rapidly blocks growth. TbVps4 silencing results in ?3-fold accumulation of TbVps23 at the LE, consistent with blocking terminal ESCRT disassembly. Trafficking of endocytic and biosynthetic cargo, but not default lysosomal reporters, is also negatively affected. Others reported that TbVps23 mediates ubiquitin-dependent lysosomal degradation of invariant surface glycoproteins (ISG65) (Traffic 2008, 9:1698). In contrast, we find that TbVps23 ablation does not affect ISG65 turnover, while TbVps4 silencing markedly enhances lysosomal degradation. We propose several models to accommodate these results, including that the ESCRT machinery actually retrieves ISG65 from the LE to earlier endocytic compartments, and in its absence ISG65 traffics more efficiently to the lysosome. Overall, these results confirm that the ESCRT machinery is essential in T. brucei and plays important and novel role(s) in LE function in trypanosomes. PMID:23905922

  6. Late preterm babies and the risk of neurological damage.

    PubMed

    Ramenghi, Luca A

    2015-01-01

    Late preterm infants (born between 34+0 and 36+6 weeks gestation) account for the recent striking increase in premature birth and they carry a higher vulnerability to suffer brain insults compared to term infants. These babies can develop any kind of known brain lesions including those affecting the most premature babies (i.e.an intraventricular haemorrhage) and lesions affecting more typically term babies like asphyxia and stroke. In other words there is not a specific brain lesion characterizing this gestational age group, and there is not a specific maturational landmark although "subplate neurons" are suppose to ultimate their connectivity in this period and the cortical volume is significantly increasing. In addition we should not forget the possibility that "late preterm babies" may present neurological clinical impairments in the absence of recognized morphological brain lesions even with the use of highly sophisticated MR imaging techniques. For these reasons a wider use of more sophisticated neuro radiological studies is not sufficient to better understand why some studies highlight that the risk of developmental delay or disability can reach 36% higher among late preterm infants compared with term infants. We believe we should improve also our skills to identify even those very subtle clinical signs of impairment deserving further investigations although we often admit these babies in the normal post natal nurseries where clinical observation cannot be so appropriate. PMID:26135955

  7. Wearable Airbags and Safety Diapers

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi

    2009-02-11

    Broadcast Transcript: Old age, as Bette Davis once said, ain't no place for sissies. Frailty. Loss of independence. Accidents. It's into this last category that this Postcard falls... with "falls" being the operative word. ...

  8. Inflating baby-Skyrme branes in six dimensions

    E-print Network

    Yves Brihaye; Térence Delsate; Nobuyuki Sawado; Yuta Kodama

    2010-07-05

    We consider a six dimensional brane world model, where the brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extradimensions. The branes have a cosmological constant modeled by inflating four dimensional slices and we further consider a bulk cosmological constant. We construct solutions numerically and present evidences that the solutions cease to exist for large values of the brane cosmological constant in some particular case. Then we study the stability of the model by considering perturbation of the gravitational part (resp. baby skyrmion) with fixed matter fields (resp. gravitational background). Our results indicate that the perturbation equations do not admit localized solutions for certain type of perturbation. The stability analysis can be alternatively seen as leading to a particle spectrum; we give mass estimations for the baby-Skyrme perturbation and for the graviton.

  9. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

    E-print Network

    C. Adam; C. Naya; T. Romanczukiewicz; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

    2015-01-15

    We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure $P$ or by turning on an external magnetic field $H$. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of $P$ and $H$, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the $P,H$ parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter $V=V(P,H)$ at zero temperature, where $V$ is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

  10. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

    E-print Network

    Adam, C; Romanczukiewicz, T; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure $P$ or by turning on an external magnetic field $H$. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of $P$ and $H$, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the $P,H$ parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter $V=V(P,H)$ at zero temperature, where $V$ is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

  11. Cultural evolution: The case of babies’ first names

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xi, Ning; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Ge, Zehui; She, Li; Zhang, Kui

    2014-07-01

    In social sciences, there is currently rare consensus on the underlying mechanism for cultural evolution, partially due to lack of suitable data. The evolution of first names of newborn babies offers a remarkable example for such researches. In this paper, we employ the historical data on baby names from the United States to investigate the evolutionary process of culture, in particular focusing on how inequality among baby names changes over time. Then we propose a stochastic model where individual choice is determined by both individual preference and social influence, and show that the decrease in the strength of social influence can account for all the observed empirical features. Therefore, we claim that the weakening of social influence drives cultural evolution.

  12. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2015-05-01

    We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure P or by turning on an external magnetic field H. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of P and H, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the P, H parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter V = V( P,H) at zero temperature, where V is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

  13. COUPLED DICTIONARY TRAINING FOR EXEMPLAR-BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Deepak Baby Tuomas Virtanen

    E-print Network

    Virtanen, Tuomas

    COUPLED DICTIONARY TRAINING FOR EXEMPLAR-BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Deepak Baby Tuomas Virtanen Tom University of Technology, Finland {Deepak.Baby, Hugo.Vanhamme}@esat.kuleuven.be, {Tuomas.Virtanen, Thomas

  14. 77 FR 55812 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-11

    ...Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...manufacturers and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was...

  15. 77 FR 46739 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-06

    ...Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...manufacturers and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was...

  16. What Are the Chances My Baby Has CF? Understanding the Results

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your baby might have a health condition called cystic fibrosis (CF). Most babies who have a positive (abnormal) ... carriers of CF than to have the disease cystic fibrosis. In most states, fewer than three out of ...

  17. What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?

    PubMed

    Atherton, David; Mills, Kathryn

    2004-07-01

    Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies' skin healthy remains a challenge for midwives and parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of nappy rash at some time. Nappy rash is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and faeces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the nappy. Infection is not a primary cause of nappy rash, though secondary infection by Candida albicans can occur. Prevention of nappy rash is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. We propose that routine baby skincare should comprise gentle cleansing whenever the nappy is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent nappies, and the application of a barrier preparation at every nappy change. Ideally, a barrier preparation should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin's natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain optimum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume (or other potential sensitisers), or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety. Treatment of nappy rash should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every nappy change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the condition has failed to respond to other approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy. PMID:15314924

  18. E835 Store Baby Sitting Procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Werkema, Steve; /Fermilab

    2002-01-01

    Control of the RF frequency: (1) 'RF Freq Check' on P85 (E835 Baby Sitter) should be turned OFF. (2) The RF frequency should be adjusted so that it is in the notch of the 4-8 GHz momentum cooling pickup response. The RF frequency device to be controlled depends on which RF system is on. If ARF2 is on, the RF frequency device is A:RLLFS1. If ARF3 is on, the RF frequency device is A:RLLFS0. IMPORTANT NOTE: A:RLLFS0 and A:RLLFS1 have very different data base scaling (A:RLLFS0 is 4 bytes and A:RLLFS1 is 2 bytes). A:RLLFS0 can be safely knobbed with a mult factor of 1.0 (i.e. no multiplier is required). A:RLLFS1 requires a mult factor of 0.02 or smaller. The monitoring and adjustment of the RF frequency is accomplished by the following steps: (3) Set up SA1 so that it is connected to CP48-SCH (4-8 GHz momentum cooling pickup). Set the SA center frequency to a harmonic of the RF frequency. This is most easily accomplished by doing one of the following: (a) If ARF3 is on, send P41 file 22 to SA1. (b) If ARF2 is on, set A:RLLFS0 to the set value of A:RLLFS1 then send P41 file 22 to SA1. (4) SA1 can be viewed on CATV channel pbar 20. If the notch in the momentum cooling pickup response is not at the center frequecy of SA1 adjust the RF. (On the low energy ramp, 1 division on the SA1 display at 5.5 GHz corresponds to 2.3 Hz in revolution frequency). Once you've made an adjustment to the RF frequency you should reset the SA1 display according to step 3 above.

  19. Where have all the babies gone?

    PubMed

    1992-05-15

    Critical comment is provided on the phenomena of couples postponing childbearing in Singapore. In spite of a media campaign to promote childbearing and tax incentives, women are choosing to be DINKS, couples with double incomes and no kids. Women's reasons for not having children are to enjoy more freedom and a better material life and maintain a career. Seet Ai Mee, the junior minister of community development, in 1990 spoke in a public address about women's lack of belief in marriage and the loss of independence and career prospects when children come along. Official concern is based on the rising median age of childbearing which has gone from 23.4 years in 1970 to 27.7 years in 1991. A continuing trend would put women 30 years old at the age of 1st childbearing in the year 2000. 1 of 5 women presently do not have children. 2.9% fewer babies were born in the 1st 10 months of 1991 compared with 1990. The Director of the Population Planning Unite believes that the campaign has been successful in promoting coupling, but not procreation. Examples are given of 4 women who chose not to have children. 1 was a 26-year old university graduate who was a product manager. She is married and thinks that the ad campaign is not appropriately geared to an educated population. Romance and hard sell are out of place. Another psychotherapist expressed the opinion that women wanted a house a car before having children, and later age at childbearing was desired because the desire was to a small family anyway. Freedom has a greater value over the desire for children. A 30-year old writer finds women with children boring, and later age at childbearing means greater maternal maturity. Several examples are given of women who desire an earlier start on childbearing because of the demands placed on older mothers. The director of a counseling and care center defines DINKS as educated higher income people who want a career, personal goals, travel, and other things. There should not be a requirement for children among couples. The consequences of this trend is an unreachable goal of a 4 million population target by 2010, and the need for immigration. PMID:12285428

  20. Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages. PMID:23181985

  1. Peakons and Q-balls in the baby Skyrme model

    SciTech Connect

    Lis, Jakub [Department of Field Theory, Institute of Physics at the Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)

    2011-10-15

    In this paper, we investigate the Q-ball Ansatz in the baby Skyrme model. First, the appearance of peakons, i.e. solutions with extremely large absolute values of the second derivative at maxima, is analyzed. It is argued that such solutions are intrinsic to the baby Skyrme model and do not depend on the detailed form of a potential used in calculations. Next, we concentrate on compact nonspinning Q-balls. We show the failure of a small parameter expansion in this case. Finally, we explore the existence and parameter dependence of Q-ball solutions.

  2. Baby Skyrme Model, Near-BPS Approximations and Supersymmetric Extensions

    E-print Network

    Bolognesi, S

    2014-01-01

    We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this a near-BPS approximation can be used which, however, involves a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with ${\\cal N}=1$ and the particular ones with extended ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

  3. Baby Skyrme Model, Near-BPS Approximations and Supersymmetric Extensions

    E-print Network

    S. Bolognesi; W. Zakrzewski

    2014-09-24

    We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this a near-BPS approximation can be used which, however, involves a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with ${\\cal N}=1$ and the particular ones with extended ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

  4. Baby Skyrme model, near-BPS approximations, and supersymmetric extensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolognesi, S.; Zakrzewski, W.

    2015-02-01

    We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this, a near-BPS approximation can be used when there is a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with N =1 and the particular ones with extended N =2 supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

  5. Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

  6. Selecting the Perfect Baby The Ethics of "Embryo Design"

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Julia Omarzu

    2002-01-01

    This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter Molly was born with a rare genetic disorder, Fanconi anemia. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby’s umbilical cord blood. Students learn about developmental disorders and consider the ethical issues of genetic manipulation and fertility treatments. Although the case was written for beginning developmental psychology students, the issues raised involving genetic manipulation, advances in medical technology, and scientific ethics would be relevant in many other science courses.

  7. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents.

    E-print Network

    Anonymous,

    1979-01-01

    TOoe . ZTA245 07 8873 , ~O.I2."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from... in their mouths Keep things away from baby that he might swallow -that could make him sick 8aDIes learn wnen you hold and cuddle them 1 .. 6abies learn when you give them things to touch and to taste Educational programs conducted by the Texas...

  8. Mining machinery/equipment/parts/services. Oil and gas field equipment/machinery/parts/supplies (Brazil). Oil and gas field machinery, November 1990. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-11-01

    The Brazilian market for oil and gasfield machinery reached approximately $938 million in 1989, of which about $86 million were supplied by imports. The market may reach $2.6 billion by 1993, if indeed the Government of Brazil approves an annual investment plan of $3.5 billion, as proposed by PETROBRAS, the state owned and operated oil and gas production monopoly. According to reports by the Ministry of Economy, investments by PETROBRAS rose from .37% of GDP in 1989 to .41% in 1990. It is predicted that during the next five years its investments will average .56% of GDP. Currently, PETROBRAS imports only about 10% of its equipment needs, but this is expected to more than double by 1993 as a result of a recently adopted procurement policy which calls for purchasing the best available equipment worldwide, at the most favorable price.

  9. Migration of bisphenol A into water from polycarbonate baby bottles during microwave heating

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. A. Ehlert; C. W. E. Beumer; M. C. E. Groot

    2008-01-01

    A comprehensive migration database was established for bisphenol A from polycarbonate baby bottles into water during exposure to microwave heating. Eighteen different brands of polycarbonate baby bottles sold in Europe were collected. Initial residual content of bisphenol A and migration after microwave heating were determined. Residual content of bisphenol A in the polycarbonate baby bottles ranged from 1.4 to 35.3

  10. Baby, It's You: International Capital Discovers the under Threes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Patrick

    2005-01-01

    Well-established international entertainment firms such as Disney and Fisher-Price are joining new start-up firms such as Baby Einstein to create a 'Baby' market of products (including toys, games and videos) specifically targeted at children aged 0-3 years. Despite its novelty, the "Baby" market mirrors older markets that…

  11. Orchestrating Professional Development for Baby Room Practitioners: Raising the Stakes in New Dialogic Encounters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goouch, Kathleen; Powell, Sacha

    2013-01-01

    This article has emerged from a research and development project, The Baby Room, which was designed to examine how babies are cared for in daycare settings. Within the project, a form of professional development was created which designated a central space for dialogic encounter, primarily to enable the baby room practitioners who participated in…

  12. An output-sensitive variant of the baby steps/giant steps determinant algorithm*

    E-print Network

    Kaltofen, Erich

    An output-sensitive variant of the baby steps/giant steps determinant algorithm* Erich Kaltofen] and which uses the baby steps/giant steps algorithm design technique, can be adapted to the dense integer, 30] the baby steps/giant steps algorithm can be further im- proved, which yields the currently

  13. A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS

    E-print Network

    Basu, Saugata

    A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS S. BASU, M-F. ROY, M. SAFEY EL20; Secondary 14P05, 68W05. Key words and phrases. Roadmaps, Real algebraic variety, Baby step, with an improved recursive scheme of baby step - giant step type, has been proposed, and applied successfully

  14. STATEN ISLAND SUNDAY ADVANCE JULY 11, 1999 Researcher is unwrapping a baby's world

    E-print Network

    Lewkowicz, David J.

    STATEN ISLAND SUNDAY ADVANCE · JULY 11, 1999 Researcher is unwrapping a baby's world IBR research of babies, Lewkow- icz has steadily published his findings in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Researchers how infants respond to human faces and voices in an effort to understand how babies learn the basic

  15. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

  16. TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE

    E-print Network

    Bernstein, Daniel

    TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE Abstract. Pollard's rho algorithm negation), the baby-step-giant-step method has probability 0.5625 + o(1) of finding a uniform random two-grumpy-giants-and-a-baby method has probability 0.71875 + o(1). 1. Introduction Fix a prime

  17. A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS

    E-print Network

    Basu, Saugata

    A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS S. BASU, M-F. ROY, M. SAFEY EL-algebraically connected component of S. Key words and phrases. Roadmaps, Real algebraic variety, Baby step-giant step very recently. A new construction for computing roadmaps, with an improved recursive scheme of baby

  18. For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

    E-print Network

    Rau, Don C.

    Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep Development #12;Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Always place your baby baby should not sleep in an adult bed, on a couch, or on a chair alone, with you, or with anyone else

  19. Pediatric Resident Packet All of the following documents MUST be brought to Baby Gator on or

    E-print Network

    Slatton, Clint

    Pediatric Resident Packet All of the following documents MUST be brought to Baby Gator on or before the first day of your rotation. Missing documents may require the postponement of your placement at Baby questions regarding this packet contact: ppallas@ufl.edu #12;Baby Gator Resident Background Information Name

  20. The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II

    E-print Network

    Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

    The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II U. Meierfrankenfeld April 17, 2003 Abstract In this paper the maximal 2-local subgroups in the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups of the Monster M and the Baby Monster BM which are of characteristic 2 have been classified. As a follow up

  1. Compositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao

    E-print Network

    Compositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Manager Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao Yale. Using this framework, we have produced a certification of BabyVMM, a small VMM designed for simplified hardware. The same proof also shows that a certified ker- nel using BabyVMM's virtual memory abstraction

  2. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

  3. Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.

    2007-01-01

    Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

  4. The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II

    E-print Network

    Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

    The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II Abstract In this paper the maximal 2-local subgroups in the Monster and Baby Monster simple-local subgroups of the Monster M and the Baby Monster BM which are of characteristic 2 have been

  5. Bringing New Families to the Museum One Baby at a Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    "Bring Your Baby to the Danforth Museum of Art" is a program for mothers. Unlike other museum programs that focus on the needs of children, Bring Your Baby caters to the intellectual interests of the adult parent. Parents learn about artworks, play with babies in a beautiful environment, and socialize with other families. The program is a joyful…

  6. Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models1 2

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marek Karliner; Itay Hen

    We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions - breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the ap- pearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance

  7. Physiological and quality attributes associated with different centrifugation times of baby carrots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Celso Luiz Moretti; Leonora Mansur Mattos; Cristina MM Machado; Ricardo Alfredo Kluge

    2007-01-01

    Centrifugation is one of the most important steps in the fresh- cut industry. Inadequate centrifugation can lead to increased white blush in baby carrots. The present work was carried out aiming at evaluating the effects of different centrifugation times in baby carrots physiological and quality attributes. Carrot roots cv. Alvorada were harvested and minimally processed as baby carrots. After processing,

  8. Safe Sleep For Your Baby | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of this page please turn JavaScript on. Safe Sleep For Your Baby Spring 2015 Table of Contents Safe Sleep For Your Baby Learn how to reduce the ... of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related causes of infant death. Always place baby ...

  9. Rocking & Rolling: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families. Helping Babies Make Transitions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merrill, Sarah; Britt, Donna

    2008-01-01

    The authors discuss three steps to helping babies with transitions: observe, ask, and respond (OAR). They advise teachers about how to ask a family questions about their baby and how to give the family suggestions to alleviate the baby's stress, without offending family members. This column includes a list of recommended resources. (Contains 7…

  10. Virus-Mediated Compartmentalization of the Host Translational Machinery

    PubMed Central

    Desmet, Emily A.; Anguish, Lynne J.

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Viruses require the host translational apparatus to synthesize viral proteins. Host stress response mechanisms that suppress translation, therefore, represent a significant obstacle that viruses must overcome. Here, we report a strategy whereby the mammalian orthoreoviruses compartmentalize the translational machinery within virus-induced inclusions known as viral factories (VF). VF are the sites of reovirus replication and assembly but were thought not to contain ribosomes. It was assumed viral mRNAs exited the VF to undergo translation by the cellular machinery, and proteins reentered the factory to participate in assembly. Here, we used ribopuromycylation to visualize active translation in infected cells. These studies revealed that active translation occurs within VF and that ribosomal subunits and proteins required for translation initiation, elongation, termination, and recycling localize to the factory. Interestingly, we observed components of the 43S preinitiation complex (PIC) concentrating primarily at factory margins, suggesting a spatial and/or dynamic organization of translation within the VF. Similarly, the viral single-stranded RNA binding protein ?NS localized to the factory margins and had a tubulovesicular staining pattern that extended a short distance from the margins of the factories and colocalized with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) markers. Consistent with these colocalization studies, ?NS was found to associate with both eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit A (eIF3A) and the ribosomal subunit pS6R. Together, these findings indicate that ?NS functions to recruit 43S PIC machinery to the primary site of viral translation within the viral factory. Pathogen-mediated compartmentalization of the translational apparatus provides a novel mechanism by which viruses might avoid host translational suppression. PMID:25227463

  11. 173. CANAL TENDER OPERATING LOCK MACHINERY ON THE MORRIS CANAL. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    173. CANAL TENDER OPERATING LOCK MACHINERY ON THE MORRIS CANAL. AS THE LOCK TENDER TURNS THE CRANK, A SMALL COGGED WHEEL (PINION) ON THE CRANK TURNS A LARGER COGGED WHEEL, (MAIN GEAR). MAIN GEAR ENGAGES A COGGED BAR CALLED A TRAVELLER WHICH MOVES FORWARD OR BACK DEPENDING ON WHICH WAY THE CRANK IS TURNED. CONNECTED TO THE TRAVELLER ARE TO LONG RODS (GATE ARMS) WHICH IN TURN ARE CONNECTED TO THE GATE'S TOP BEAM (ONE FOR EACH GATE). AS THE TRAVELLER MOVES FORWARD THE GATE ARMS EXTEND PUSHING THE GATES OPEN. - Morris Canal, Phillipsburg, Warren County, NJ

  12. 16. SOUTH TO VIEW OF CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. SOUTH TO VIEW OF CIRCA 1900 MICHIGAN MACHINERY MFG. CO. PUNCH PRESS WITH WOOD-BURNING HEATING STOVE LOCATED IN THE CENTER OF THE FACTORY BUILDING. BESIDE THE HEATING STOVE, POINTING TOWARD THE PUNCH PRESS, IS A JIG USED TO POSITION ANGLE STEEL COMPONENTS OF STEEL WINDMILL TOWER LEGS FOR PUNCHING BOLT HOLES. THE SUPPORT FOR THE BRICK FLUE OF THE HEATING STOVE IS CONSTRUCTED FROM SALVAGED GALVANIZED ANGLE STEEL OF THE TYPE USED IN FABRICATING WINDMILL TOWERS MANUFACTURED IN THE FACTORY. - Kregel Windmill Company Factory, 1416 Central Avenue, Nebraska City, Otoe County, NE

  13. The chromosome replication machinery of the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus.

    PubMed

    Duggin, Iain G; Bell, Stephen D

    2006-06-01

    In the three domains of life, the archaea, bacteria, and eukarya, there are two general lineages of DNA replication proteins: the bacterial and the eukaryal/archaeal lineages. The hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus provides an attractive model for biochemical study of DNA replication. Its relative simplicity in both genomic and biochemical contexts, together with high protein thermostability, has already provided insight into the function of the more complex yet homologous molecules of the eukaryotic domain. Here, we provide an overview of recent insights into the functioning of the chromosome replication machinery of S. solfataricus, focusing on some of the relatively well characterized core components that act at the DNA replication fork. PMID:16467299

  14. The centromere: chromatin foundation for the kinetochore machinery.

    PubMed

    Fukagawa, Tatsuo; Earnshaw, William C

    2014-09-01

    Since discovery of the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A, centromeres have come to be defined as chromatin structures that establish the assembly site for the complex kinetochore machinery. In most organisms, centromere activity is defined epigenetically, rather than by specific DNA sequences. In this review, we describe selected classic work and recent progress in studies of centromeric chromatin with a focus on vertebrates. We consider possible roles for repetitive DNA sequences found at most centromeres, chromatin factors and modifications that assemble and activate CENP-A chromatin for kinetochore assembly, plus the use of artificial chromosomes and kinetochores to study centromere function. PMID:25203206

  15. From Guide to Target: Molecular Insights into Eukaryotic RNAi Machinery

    PubMed Central

    Ipsaro, Jonathan J.; Joshua-Tor, Leemor

    2015-01-01

    Since its relatively recent discovery, RNA interference (RNAi) has emerged as a potent, specific, and ubiquitous means of gene regulation. Through a number of pathways that are conserved from yeast to humans, small non-coding RNAs direct molecular machinery to silence gene expression. In this review, we focus on mechanisms and structures that govern RNA silencing in higher organisms. In addition to highlighting recent advances, parallels and differences between RNAi pathways are discussed. Together, the studies reviewed herein reveal the versatility and programmability of RNA-induced Silencing Complexes (RISCs) and emphasize the importance of both upstream biogenesis and downstream silencing factors. PMID:25565029

  16. Elements of active vibration control for rotating machinery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ulbrich, Heinz

    1990-01-01

    The success or failure of active vibration control is determined by the availability of suitable actuators, modeling of the entire system including all active elements, positioning of the actuators and sensors, and implementation of problem-adapted control concepts. All of these topics are outlined and their special problems are discussed in detail. Special attention is given to efficient modeling of systems, especially for considering the active elements. Finally, design methods for and the application of active vibration control on rotating machinery are demonstrated by several real applications.

  17. Just a Talking Book? Word Learning from Watching Baby Videos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robb, Michael B.; Richert, Rebekah A.; Wartella, Ellen A.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between viewing an infant DVD and expressive and receptive language outcomes. Children between 12 and 15 months were randomly assigned to view "Baby Wordsworth," a DVD highlighting words around the house marketed for children beginning at 12 months of age. Viewings took place in home settings over 6 weeks.…

  18. photic stimulation may increase mortality rate in preterm babies.

    E-print Network

    Lykke-Andersen, Jens

    photic stimulation may increase mortality rate in preterm babies. Indeed, sudden infant death syndrome is significantly more common in preterm, low birth weight infants [18]. Neonatal photosensitivity-driven activity in these immature cells. In summary, the discovery of neonatal retinal photosensitivity has opened

  19. Baby boomers' reasons for choosing specific food shops

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony Worsley; Wei Chun Wang; Wendy Hunter

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – Baby boomers (people born between 1946 and 1964) are approaching retirement and there is concern about their preparation for their future health and wellbeing. Food shopping is likely to play a major role in their future lives. The purpose of this paper is to examine their reasons for choosing to buy food from particular shops and whether demographic

  20. The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models

    E-print Network

    ?. T. St?pie?

    2014-11-18

    The Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for the gauged baby Skyrme models: restricted and full one, in (2+0)-dimensions, are derived, for some general classes of the potentials. The conditions, which must be satisfied by the potentials, for each of these mentioned models, are also derived.

  1. 82. Historic American Buildings Survey VIEW SHOWING BABY HOUSE AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    82. Historic American Buildings Survey VIEW SHOWING BABY HOUSE AND PATIO WHERE TENT ROOM NOW LOCATED PHOTOCOPY OF PLATE FROM IRVIN L. SCOTT, 'MARALAGO', THE AMERICAN ARCHITECT (JUNE 20, 1928), P. 797 - Mar-a-Lago, 1100 South Ocean Boulevard, Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, FL

  2. Ritualized Embarrassment at "Coed" Wedding and Baby Showers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braithwaite, Dawn O.

    1995-01-01

    Finds that women embarrassed men at "coed" wedding and baby showers by teasing and causing them to look unpoised, and that men used avoidance, humor, remediation, and justification strategies. Adds a new strategy, compliance, to previous frameworks to explain males' reaction to embarrassment. Discusses the importance of context and degree of…

  3. Suporte Prolongado com o Oxigenador Terumo BABY-RXTM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph J. Deptula; Sherrie K. Fogg; Kimberly R. Glogowski; Kathleen N. Fenton; Kim F. Duncan

    TM , a new-generation low prime oxygenator, recently has entered the perfusion market in North America. This oxyge- nator is designed exclusively for neonates and infants and has the smallest priming volume of any clinically available oxygenator. The BABY-RX TM also is treated with X Coating TM , Terumos biocompatible, hydrophilic polymer surface coating that reduces platelet adhesion and protein

  4. 'Think Baby': online learning for student health visitors.

    PubMed

    Appleton, Jane V; Harris, Margaret; Kelly, Cat; Huppe, Irmgard

    2014-06-01

    'Think Baby' is an innovative online learning resource which has been developed to help student health visitors (and other specialist community public health nurses) build their skills in observing and assessing mother-infant interactions. The project's development and pilot work was funded by a small grant from the Higher Education Academy. It builds on the findings of the team's previous research, which found health visitors' initial training had left them ill-prepared to assess the intricacies of mother-infant relationships. The 'Think Baby' project sought to develop online training resources for student health visitors using video footage of mothers and babies to illustrate different types of interactions. A small group of student health visitors were engaged in reviewing and evaluating the materials and considering their acceptability. Once developed, the materials were piloted with student health visitors from three universities, community practice teachers and a health visitor academic, and they were then adapted for wider roll out. 'Think Baby' enables student health visitors to develop their core skills in assessment, which is really important in identifying when early help and support are needed for mothers and infants. PMID:24974552

  5. Birth Parents Who Relinquished Babies for Adoption Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pannor, Reuben; And Others

    1978-01-01

    This paper reports on research addressed to the attitudes and feelings of birth parents years after they relinquished babies for adoption. It discusses reasons for relinquishment, parental fantasies about the child, parental interest in reunion with the child, and parental feelings about opening the sealed records. Advocates reunion and research.…

  6. How much wrapping do babies need at night?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R E Wigfield; P J Fleming; Y E Azaz; T E Howell; D E Jacobs; P S Nadin; R McCabe; A J Stewart

    1993-01-01

    In a longitudinal, population based study, overnight temperature recordings were made in the bedrooms of 152 babies aged 3-18 weeks and the insulation provided by their bedclothing was assessed. Outdoor temperatures for the study nights were also available. Parents applied more insulation on colder nights with lower bedroom temperatures than on warmer nights (mean 8.5 tog at 15 degrees C

  7. Response of term babies to a warm environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N Rutter; D Hull

    1979-01-01

    The response of healthy term babies to warm environments was assessed by placing them naked in incubators and increasing the air temperature in steps until either sweating occurred or the rectal temperature reached 37.9 degrees C. The rate of evaporation of water from the skin was measured by a method based on the estimation of vapour pressure gradient. When a

  8. Vocal Communication with a Three-Month Old Baby.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandner, Gerhard W.; Wagner, Edith

    The ontogenetic development of human vocal utterances and their role in early interaction processes were studied with a three-month-old baby. Recordings were made of infant vocalizations in the home and the sounds were classified. During a five-minute segment between the mother and infant, the infant produced 59 utterances, 93 percent of which had…

  9. Know a Baby Who Needs Help? Call ABC.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kromer, Megan E.

    The booklet describes Project ABC (Any Baby Can), a model networking effort to promote coordinated services for disabled and high-risk infants in San Antonio, Texas. The model features a volunteer, grass-roots emphasis in an aggressive community awareness campaign with a long-term goal of improving the effectiveness of social services and health…

  10. Shaken baby syndrome: A biomechanics analysis of injury mechanisms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Faris A. Bandak

    2005-01-01

    Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration\\/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from severe motor vehicle crashes. We conducted an injury biomechanics analysis

  11. The Birth of a Baby: Obscenity or Censorship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherer, Michael D.

    This paper discusses the issues involved and presents an overall picture of attempts to censor the April 11, 1938 issue of "Life" magazine featuring a four-page spread of 35 pictures from the film "The Birth of a Baby." It examines contemporary news accounts from newspapers published in New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, New Orleans, and…

  12. Babies Who 'Resettle' on Their Own Get Better Sleep

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Babies Who 'Resettle' on Their Own Get Better Sleep And that could be a blessing to sleep-starved parents of infants, research suggests To use ... resettle" after waking up are more likely to sleep through the night, a new study suggests. British ...

  13. Funduscopic lesions associated with mortality in shaken baby syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monte Mills

    1998-01-01

    Purpose: The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) has been defined as a syndrome of intraocular and intracranial hemorrhage in young children, thought to be caused by violent shaking inflicted by an adult. In many cases SBS is fatal as a result of intracranial injury. Intraocular findings include hemorrhage, which may be accompanied by characteristic retinal folds or retinoschisis lesions. This study

  14. Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Beth S.

    2010-01-01

    In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

  15. Shaken Baby Syndrome: The Problem and a Model for Prevention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Showers, Jacy

    1992-01-01

    Examines the problem of shaken baby syndrome (SBS), which involves the injury or death of an infant as a result of severe shaking. Advocates a national media campaign to promote awareness of SBS and to prevent needless injuries and deaths. (MDM)

  16. The Baby-Friendly Initiative: Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding

    PubMed Central

    Pound, Catherine M; Unger, Sharon L

    2012-01-01

    Breastfeeding confers extensive and well-established benefits and is recognized as an extremely effective preventative health measure for both mothers and babies. Except in very few specific medical situations, breastfeeding should be universally encouraged for all mothers and infants. To improve worldwide breastfeeding initiation and duration rates, the WHO and UNICEF launched the Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) in 1991. The goal was to protect, promote and support breastfeeding by adherence to the WHO’s “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”. Since then, more than 20,000 hospitals in 156 countries have achieved Baby-Friendly status, with a resultant increase in both breastfeeding initiation and duration. Still, only 500 hospitals are currently designated Baby-Friendly in industrialized countries, including 37 health centres or health authorities in Canada. Health care practitioners have a unique and influential role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding. Provincial and territorial government leadership is essential to ensuring implementation of the BFI in all health care facilities delivering services to families with young children. PMID:23730170

  17. A task-based analysis of machinery entanglement injuries among Western Canadian farmers.

    PubMed

    Narasimhan, Gopinath; Crowe, Trever G; Peng, Yingwei; Hagel, Louise; Dosman, James; Pickett, William

    2011-10-01

    Machinery entanglements are a leading cause of hospitalized injury on Canadian farms. This study evaluates the role farm tasks play in the occurrence of machinery entanglement events. A retrospective case series of 41 entanglement injuries involving 35 farm-machinery types was assembled. Only a few limited tasks were implicated in the majority of entanglements. These tasks were as follows: (1) field adjustments of machinery; (2) product handling and conveyance; and (3) driveline attachments and servicing. Hazards inherent and common to these tasks affected the behavior of farmers, leading to entanglements. This study establishes a need to identify hazards and assess risks associated with different tasks involving the use of farm machinery under actual field situations. Systemic changes are required to improve existing machinery safety practices through engineering, work methods, and work practice modifications. In addition to design solutions, occupational health and safety strategies should consider activities associated with hazardous situations to inform the content of injury prevention efforts. PMID:21958400

  18. Baby-MONITOR: A Composite Indicator of NICU Quality

    PubMed Central

    Kowalkowski, Marc A.; Zupancic, John A. F.; Pietz, Kenneth; Richardson, Peter; Draper, David; Hysong, Sylvia J.; Thomas, Eric J.; Petersen, Laura A.; Gould, Jeffrey B.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: NICUs vary in the quality of care delivered to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. NICU performance on 1 measure of quality only modestly predicts performance on others. Composite measurement of quality of care delivery may provide a more comprehensive assessment of quality. The objective of our study was to develop a robust composite indicator of quality of NICU care provided to VLBW infants that accurately discriminates performance among NICUs. METHODS: We developed a composite indicator, Baby-MONITOR, based on 9 measures of quality chosen by a panel of experts. Measures were standardized, equally weighted, and averaged. We used the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative database to perform across-sectional analysis of care given to VLBW infants between 2004 and 2010. Performance on the Baby-MONITOR is not an absolute marker of quality but indicates overall performance relative to that of the other NICUs. We used sensitivity analyses to assess the robustness of the composite indicator, by varying assumptions and methods. RESULTS: Our sample included 9023 VLBW infants in 22 California regional NICUs. We found significant variations within and between NICUs on measured components of the Baby-MONITOR. Risk-adjusted composite scores discriminated performance among this sample of NICUs. Sensitivity analysis that included different approaches to normalization, weighting, and aggregation of individual measures showed the Baby-MONITOR to be robust (r = 0.89–0.99). CONCLUSIONS: The Baby-MONITOR may be a useful tool to comprehensively assess the quality of care delivered by NICUs. PMID:24918221

  19. Vesicle formation and endocytosis: function, machinery, mechanisms, and modeling.

    PubMed

    Parkar, Nihal S; Akpa, Belinda S; Nitsche, Ludwig C; Wedgewood, Lewis E; Place, Aaron T; Sverdlov, Maria S; Chaga, Oleg; Minshall, Richard D

    2009-06-01

    Vesicle formation provides a means of cellular entry for extracellular substances and for recycling of membrane constituents. Mechanisms governing the two primary endocytic pathways (i.e., caveolae- and clathrin-mediated endocytosis, as well as newly emerging vesicular pathways) have become the focus of intense investigation to improve our understanding of nutrient, hormone, and drug delivery, as well as opportunistic invasion of pathogens. In this review of endocytosis, we broadly discuss the structural and signaling proteins that compose the molecular machinery governing endocytic vesicle formation (budding, invagination, and fission from the membrane), with some regard for the specificity observed in certain cell types and species. Important biochemical functions of endocytosis and diseases caused by their disruption also are discussed, along with the structures of key components of endocytic pathways and their known mechanistic contributions. The mechanisms by which principal components of the endocytic machinery are recruited to the plasma membrane, where they interact to induce vesicle formation, are discussed, together with computational approaches used to simulate simplified versions of endocytosis with the hope of clarifying aspects of vesicle formation that may be difficult to determine experimentally. Finally, we pose several unanswered questions intended to stimulate further research interest in the cell biology and modeling of endocytosis. PMID:19113823

  20. Vesicle Formation and Endocytosis: Function, Machinery, Mechanisms, and Modeling

    PubMed Central

    Parkar, Nihal S.; Akpa, Belinda S.; Nitsche, Ludwig C.; Wedgewood, Lewis E.; Place, Aaron T.; Sverdlov, Maria S.; Chaga, Oleg

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Vesicle formation provides a means of cellular entry for extracellular substances and for recycling of membrane constituents. Mechanisms governing the two primary endocytic pathways (i.e., caveolae- and clathrin-mediated endocytosis, as well as newly emerging vesicular pathways) have become the focus of intense investigation to improve our understanding of nutrient, hormone, and drug delivery, as well as opportunistic invasion of pathogens. In this review of endocytosis, we broadly discuss the structural and signaling proteins that compose the molecular machinery governing endocytic vesicle formation (budding, invagination, and fission from the membrane), with some regard for the specificity observed in certain cell types and species. Important biochemical functions of endocytosis and diseases caused by their disruption also are discussed, along with the structures of key components of endocytic pathways and their known mechanistic contributions. The mechanisms by which principal components of the endocytic machinery are recruited to the plasma membrane, where they interact to induce vesicle formation, are discussed, together with computational approaches used to simulate simplified versions of endocytosis with the hope of clarifying aspects of vesicle formation that may be difficult to determine experimentally. Finally, we pose several unanswered questions intended to stimulate further research interest in the cell biology and modeling of endocytosis. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 11, 1301–1312. PMID:19113823