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1

[Experience of the Baby Friendly Hospital initiative].  

PubMed

In the study is analyzed and described the initiative called "Initiative Baby Friendly Hospitals", a program which started in Brazil, 1992. This initiative intends to support, to protect and to promote the breastfeeding as proposed in a meeting in 1990 in Florence, Italy, which was promoted by WHO and UNICEF. The basic goal of this initiative is to mobilize health professionals and hospital or maternity workers for changing their routines and conducts aiming to prevent the early wean. The health establishments are evaluated based on the "ten steps for success of breastfeeding, a group of goals created in the same meeting. In Brazil, the evaluation is coordinated by the Federal Government through the PNIAM (Programa Nacional de Incentivo ao Aleitamento Materno). A baby friendly hospital, if approved, receives from the Minister of Health, a Federal Governmental Agency (SUS) a differential payment for childbirth assistance and prenatal accompaniment, 10% and 40%, more respectively. Until 1998 year there were 103 baby friendly hospitals in Brazil, with the majority of them located in the northeast area (68.1%). However, taking in accounting the number of 5650 hospitals linked to SUS in the country, less than 2.0% are baby friendly hospitals. On the basis of the experience and according with PNIAM data the implementation of the ten steps and the incentive to breastfeeding through baby friendly hospitals have resulted in a significant increase of breastfeeding incidence and duration in Brazil. PMID:9852652

Lamounier, J A

2

Overcoming barriers to Baby-Friendly status: one hospital's experience.  

PubMed

The journey toward Baby-Friendly status at Jersey Shore University Medical Center in Neptune, NJ began with a desire to improve overall breastfeeding rates at the hospital. Although evidence showed that hospitals that incorporated some or all of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding had improved breastfeeding rates, it was difficult to overcome barriers that prevented the hospital physicians and nursing staff from seeing the value in adopting this quality initiative. Long-standing practices combined with misinformation compounded the problem. That situation changed when several factors nationally and statewide came together to create a prime environment for implementation of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. This article will discuss the barriers that one hospital encountered and the strategies used to overcome these common barriers to achieving Baby-Friendly status. This hospital is not yet designated as Baby-Friendly but is awaiting the outcome of a site visit in 2012. PMID:22596059

McKeever, Joyce; Fleur, Rose St

2012-05-17

3

Neonatal weight loss at a US Baby-Friendly Hospital.  

PubMed

Few if any studies have examined weight loss among term newborns by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Perhaps because so few data exist, there is no standard in the United States for normal newborn weight loss. Our objective was to investigate normal newborn weight loss among infants born in a US Baby-Friendly hospital, by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Using a prospective cohort design, infants born at an urban Boston, MA, hospital were enrolled within 72 hours of delivery and weighed daily for the first week of life. In hospital, infant weight was obtained from the medical record; post discharge, a research assistant visited the home daily and weighed the baby. All feeds in week 1 of life were recorded. Birth-related factors potentially affecting weight loss were abstracted from the medical record. Complete data were collected on 121 infants. Mean weight loss was 4.9% (range=0.0% to 9.9%); 19.8% (24 of 121) of infants lost >7% of their birth weight; no infant lost >10%. Maximum percent weight loss was significantly associated with feeding type: exclusively and mainly breastfed infants lost 5.5%, mainly formula-fed infants lost 2.7% and exclusively formula-fed infants lost 1.2% (P<0.001). Type of delivery and fluids received during labor were not associated with weight loss. Clinical practices at a Baby-Friendly hospital, which support and optimize breastfeeding, appear to be associated with only moderate weight loss in exclusively and mainly breastfed infants. PMID:22717201

Grossman, Xena; Chaudhuri, Jana H; Feldman-Winter, Lori; Merewood, Anne

2012-03-01

4

Implementing and revitalizing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative.  

PubMed

The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched in the 1990s by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF as a global effort with hospitals, health services, and parents to ensure babies are breastfed for the best start in life. It is one of the Operational Targets of the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding endorsed in 2002 by the Fifty-Fifth World Health Assembly and the UNICEF Executive Board. After about 18 years, great progress has been made, and most countries have breastfeeding authorities or BFHI coordinating groups. The BFHI has led to increased rates of exclusive breastfeeding, which are reflected in improved health and survival. Based on this progress, the Initiative was streamlined according to the experience of the countries and materials were revised. The new package consolidated all WHO and UNICEF materials into one package, reflected new research and experience, revisited the criteria used for the BFHI in light of HIV/ AIDS, reinforced the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes, provided modules for mother-friendly care, and gave more guidance for monitoring and reassessment. WHO and partners will continue to give support to BFHI implementation as one essential effort contributing to achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. PMID:20496615

Saadeh, Randa; Casanovas, Carmen

2009-06-01

5

Implementing Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative policy: the case of New Zealand public hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background Studies show that when the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is implemented breastfeeding rates increase. However, there are likely to be various barriers to BFHI implementation. This article reports on an empirical study of government-directed BFHI implementation in the New Zealand public hospital system. It focuses primarily on the barriers encountered through implementing the first Two Steps of the BFHI: developing BFHI policy and communicating it to staff; and providing necessary staff training. Methods Qualitative interview data were collected from six lactation consultants. These interviewees emerged via a purposive sample of public hospitals that represent the full range of New Zealand public hospitals. Using a content analysis technique, key themes were drawn from the transcribed interview data. Results Analysis revealed eight themes: the hospitals were in varying stages of BFHI policy development; hospital policy was not necessarily based on government policy; hospital policies were communicated in differing ways and dependent on resources; factors outside of hospital control impacted on capacity to improve breastfeeding rates; and complex organisational matters pose a barrier to educating personnel involved in the birthing process. Conclusion The findings of this study provide empirical support for prior articles about the process of BFHI policy development and implementation. The study also shows that implementation is multi-faceted and complex.

Moore, Trinie; Gauld, Robin; Williams, Sheila

2007-01-01

6

Application of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative to Neonatal Care: Suggestions by Swedish Mothers of Very Preterm Infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to obtain suggestions from mothers of very preterm infants regarding modification of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Thirteen mothers were interviewed 2 to 6 months after their infants' discharge from the hospital. The interviews generated 13 steps, which partly agree with the BFHI steps. The new steps address

Kerstin Hedberg Nyqvist; Elisabeth Kylberg

2008-01-01

7

Factors Associated With Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Latina Women Giving Birth at an Inner-city Baby-Friendly Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latina women living in the United States initiate breastfeeding at high rates, but their exclusivity is low. We examined factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding prior to discharge among 349 healthy Latina women giving birth at a Baby-Friendlyhospital in Massachusetts in 2004 to 2005. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding included maternal age <25 years (P = .017), US-born mother (P

Kimberly Niles Newton; Jana Chaudhuri; Xena Grossman; Anne Merewood

2009-01-01

8

The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in Switzerland: Trends over a 9-Year Period.  

PubMed

Background: This article reports the trends over a 9-year period for 4 steps of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) (exclusive breastfeeding, uninterrupted rooming-in, no use of pacifiers, and initiation of breastfeeding within the first 2 hours after birth) during hospital stays in Switzerland. Methods: Data were collected annually over a period of 9 years from a monitoring survey of all BFHI-accredited hospitals in Switzerland (between 41 and 65 hospitals). The number of participants included in the study per year ranged between 15 627 and 31 141 healthy mother-newborn pairs. Results: Significant improvements were found for 3 of the 4 steps of the BFHI between 2000 and 2008: rates of exclusive breastfeeding during postpartum stay (35.9%-57.6%, P < .001), uninterrupted rooming-in (48.2%-73.1%, P < .001), and no use of pacifiers (33.6%-48.1%, P < .001). Initiation of breastfeeding within the first 2 hours after birth was always > 90% and did not change significantly over the 9 years. Exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay was significantly related to no use of pacifiers (P < .001) and to uninterrupted rooming-in (P < .001) in the years when exclusive breastfeeding particularly increased (2003, 2004, and 2008). Conclusion: Rates of exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay and uninterrupted rooming-in increased significantly over the 9 years. Continued promotion of the BFHI may be needed to maintain or further improve the breastfeeding rates and to find ways to deal with difficulties that hospitals face when applying the 10 steps of the BFHI. PMID:23578942

Forrester-Knauss, Christine; Merten, Sonja; Weiss, Carine; Ackermann-Liebrich, Ursula; Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth

2013-04-11

9

UNICEF\\/WHO baby-friendly hospital initiative: does the use of bottles and pacifiers in the neonatal nursery prevent successful breastfeeding?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To promote breastfeeding, UNICEF\\/WHO have launched the “baby-friendly hospital initiative” focusing on hospital care routines\\u000a during delivery and the first days of life. In industrialised countries, two aspects of the initiative have raised controversy:\\u000a how do restriction of supplemental feedings and ban of bottles and pacifiers affect long-term breastfeeding performance? From\\u000a ten centres 602 healthy newborns were randomly assigned either

G. Schubiger; U. Schwarz; O. Tönz

1997-01-01

10

Expansion of the baby-friendly hospital initiative ten steps to successful breastfeeding into neonatal intensive care: expert group recommendations.  

PubMed

In the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund document Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, Updated and Expanded for Integrated Care, neonatal care is mentioned as 1 area that would benefit from expansion of the original Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. The different situations faced by preterm and sick infants and their mothers, compared to healthy infants and their mothers, necessitate a specific breastfeeding policy for neonatal intensive care and require that health care professionals have knowledge and skills in lactation and breastfeeding support, including provision of antenatal information, that are specific to neonatal care. Facilitation of early, continuous, and prolonged skin-to-skin contact (kangaroo mother care), early initiation of breastfeeding, and mothers' access to breastfeeding support during the infants' whole hospital stay are important. Mother's own milk or donor milk (when available) is the optimal nutrition. Efforts should be made to minimize parent-infant separation and facilitate parents' unrestricted presence with their infants. The initiation and continuation of breastfeeding should be guided only by infant competence and stability, using a semi-demand feeding regimen during the transition to exclusive breastfeeding. Pacifiers are appropriate during tube-feeding, for pain relief, and for calming infants. Nipple shields can be used for facilitating establishment of breastfeeding, but only after qualified support and attempts at the breast. Alternatives to bottles should be used until breastfeeding is well established. The discharge program should include adequate preparation of parents, information about access to lactation and breastfeeding support, both professional and peer support, and a plan for continued follow-up. PMID:23727630

Nyqvist, Kerstin H; Häggkvist, Anna-Pia; Hansen, Mette N; Kylberg, Elisabeth; Frandsen, Annemi L; Maastrup, Ragnhild; Ezeonodo, Aino; Hannula, Leena; Haiek, Laura N

2013-05-31

11

Maternal care practices and breastfeeding in North Carolina: becoming baby-friendly.  

PubMed

Baby Friendly hospitals promote and support breastfeeding to increase the number of infants who receive the health and social benefits and optimal nutrition that breast milk provides. Hospitals that implement best practices for breastfeeding can receive the "baby friendly" designation. A transdisciplinary approach is increasing the number of North Carolina mothers who initiate breastfeeding. PMID:23530380

Mims, Susan R; Lisenbee, Joni H

12

Donor milk banking in China: the ultimate step in becoming baby friendly.  

PubMed

Milk banking is alive and well in China in small in-house milk banks in Baby Friendly Hospitals, especially those where staff has had little contact with western medical training. Donor milk banking is a logical extension of Step 6 of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative and is a good indicator of a hospital's respect for breastfeeding and its understanding of the unique components of human milk. PMID:9025450

Arnold, L D

1996-12-01

13

[Creating baby-friendly neonatal intensive care units].  

PubMed

Most expectant parents anticipate giving birth to a healthy newborn. Admission of a neonate to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is thus nearly always a significant and negative shock to parents and family members. We derived core concepts for this article from the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund (WHO/UNICEF)'s Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, updated, and expanded for integrated care (2009). This framework document advocates expanding to NICUs guidelines that were originally developed for maternity units. This paper reviews the importance of breastfeeding to the mother-baby dyad and family integration. We suggest how to build a breastfeeding-friendly environment within the NICU using 10 steps that adhere to the NEO-BFHI's three "Guiding Principles". The proposed environment gives special emphasis to providing continued and unlimited kangaroo care, creating a family-centered NICU design, implementing an effective milk expression and monitoring plan, and respecting mothers' individual needs. Suggestions are provided as a reference to government policymakers and medical centers to facilitate the creation of breastfeeding-friendly environments in NICUs. PMID:23386520

Wang, Shu-Fang; Gau, Meei-Ling

2013-02-01

14

An Examination of Maternity Staff Attitudes Towards Implementing Baby Friendly Health Initiative (BFHI) Accreditation in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) influences health care practices and increases the initiation and duration of\\u000a exclusive breastfeeding. Consistent definitions enable the accurate monitoring of breastfeeding rates and behaviour. This\\u000a information refines policy and helps reach national breastfeeding targets. Only 21% (66\\/317) of Australian hospitals are BFHI\\u000a accredited. Objective To examine the factors perceived to promote or hinder

Ava Deborah Walsh; Jan Pincombe; Ann Henderson

2011-01-01

15

Motivational messages: lead a Baby Friendly Initiative community project.  

PubMed

2011 saw Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI) success in the towns of Blackburn with Darwen. The towns serve around 2,500 new babies a year, have significant social deprivation and mixed ethnicity. Commitment was made by the Trust and Local Authority, to progress to meeting full BFI standards by commissioning the Acute Trusts Infant Feeding Coordinator (midwife) to lead on the project and the change needed. Numerous challenges were met along the way, such as capacity to lead and deliver (leading to the recruitment of Donna), swine flu, GP training, organisational changes and loss of ante- and postnatal interventions. This was the first Community Trust in England to achieve full accreditation without follow up visits. This article hopes to inspire other Trusts to get started, keep going and don't let go until you get there--because it's worth it. PMID:22324135

Henry, Sue; Butler, Donna

2012-01-01

16

Survey of infection in babies at the Khoula Hospital, Oman.  

PubMed

A 12-month prospective study of infection was carried out in the special care baby unit (SCBU), Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. During this period, 8720 babies were born in the hospital and 1265 were admitted to the SCBU. Altogether, 490 babies were of less than 36 weeks' gestation. A total of 190 babies (160 born in the hospital, 30 born before admission) satisfied the criteria for infection. The most common clinical presentation was pneumonia. There was one outbreak of iatrogenic infection. Infection was confirmed microbiologically in 76 of 190 symptomatic babies. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common pathogen and was isolated from 48 infected babies (25%). Beta-haemolytic streptococci were isolated from superficial sites only in eight babies. Klebsiella spp were the commonest enteric bacteria isolated, but they were rarely associated with infection. Of 46 babies who had bacteraemia, 9 also had meningitis. Nine of the 46 babies died, including 6 of the 9 who had meningitis. The mortality following Gram-negative infection was higher than that following Gram-positive infection. Fourteen per cent of infected babies born in hospital and 27% of those born before admission died. A high proportion of bacteria isolated were resistant to ampicillin and/or gentamicin. Results suggest that alternative antibiotics would be more appropriate for initial treatment. The study shows that in developing countries, unsophisticated research, using basic facilities, can be of value in identifying the problems of infection and in recognizing possible solutions to them. PMID:1694643

Rajab, A; De Louvois, J

1990-03-01

17

[Treating mother and baby in conjoint hospitalization in a psychiatric hospital].  

PubMed

Since 1990 we have been admitting mothers with postpartum psychiatric morbidity together with their babies to our open psychiatric ward. The aim of conjoint hospitalization is to maintain and develop the bond between mother and baby while treating the mother's psychiatric disorder. The presence of the infant in the hospital allows both a thorough evaluation of the mothers' maternal ability and to use the infant as a facilitator of the mothers' recovery by engaging maternal functions. It prevents the infants from being placed in a foster home for the duration of the mothers' hospitalization. Readily available in Britain and Australia, such conjoint hospitalization is controversial and rarely available elsewhere. In the past 5 years we hospitalized 10 women with 11 babies (1 woman was hospitalized twice, after different births). All women had received psychiatric treatment prior to childbirth, but this was the first psychiatric hospitalization for 2 of them. Diagnoses (DSM-IIIR) were chronic paranoid schizophrenia (4), affective disorder (4), schizo-affective schizophrenia (1) and borderline personality disorder (1). 8 were suffering from active psychotic symptoms on admission. They were treated pharmacologically, received individual and group psychotherapy, and participated in all ward activities. Families were engaged in marital, family and/or individual therapy according to need. All participated in cognitive-behavior treatment tailored to individual need to build and enrich the mother-infant bond. All improved significantly and were able to function independently on discharge, but in 1 case adoption was recommended. PMID:9885632

Maizel, S; Fainstein, V; Katzenelson, S K

1998-09-01

18

The DC Breastfeeding-Friendly Hospital Initiative: An Evaluation of Hospitals' Support for Breastfeeding in the Capital of the United States.  

PubMed

Maternity facilities that follow the 10 steps of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative have improved breastfeeding outcomes. Prior to the DC Breastfeeding-Friendly Hospital Initiative, no maternity facilities in Washington, DC, were recognized as Baby-Friendly. Each facility's journey toward improved breastfeeding support is unique. The purpose of this project was to help facilities identify areas to focus on in pursuit of this goal. All 8 birthing facilities in Washington, DC, participated in the baseline assessment in September 2008. The 10 steps were used as a framework for developing the assessment tools. Data were collected from each facility regarding (1) accessibility of breastfeeding information and resources on its website, (2) content of written breastfeeding policies, and (3) practices that support breastfeeding. The DC Breastfeeding Coalition shared the outcomes of the assessment with each facility and offered an educational session addressing each facility's specific needs. The coalition also conducted postintervention evaluations between July and August 2009 to assess changes in each facility's score. Most facilities were receptive to the intervention, resulting in modest improvements in all areas reviewed. This project provides a model for state and local breastfeeding coalitions to evaluate and recognize incremental improvements in breastfeeding-related maternity care practices. PMID:23470787

Long, Sahira A; Young, Michal A; Tender, Jennifer A F; Dewitty, Vernell P; Logan, Kathleen; Kadeshe, Mudiwah; Ryan, Carol; Haynes, Suzanne G

2013-03-07

19

The impact of the Baby Friendly Health Initiative in the Australian health care system: a critical narrative review of the evidence.  

PubMed

Studies have identified that the practices of maternity facilities and health professionals are crucial to women's experience of support and breastfeeding 'success'. The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched globally in 1991 to protect, promote and support breastfeeding. While a direct causal effect has not been established and critics suggest the rhetoric conflicts with women's lived experiences as new mothers, a positive association between the Initiative and breastfeeding prevalence is apparent. Internationally, impact studies have demonstrated that where the Initiative is well integrated, there is an increase in rates of breastfeeding initiation and, to a lesser extent, duration. In consideration of the known health risks associated with the use of artificial baby milks this would suggest that BFHI implementation and accreditation should be a desirable strategy for committed health facilities. However, a variation in both BFHI uptake and breastfeeding prevalence between nations has been reported. This narrative review critically discusses a variety of issues relevant to the uptake and support of breastfeeding and the BFHI, utilising Australia as a case study. Whilst it enjoys 'in principle' policy support, Australia also suffers from a lack of uniformity in uptake and perception of the benefits of BFHI at all levels of the health system. Australian and international studies have identified similar enablers and barriers to implementation. PMID:23957177

Atchan, Marjorie; Davis, Deborah; Foureur, Maralyn

2013-07-01

20

[The family-friendly hospital: (how) does it work?].  

PubMed

The demographic development in Germany is heading towards a significant shortage in specialists within the next 10-15 years with an increased demand for health services at the same time. The three-stage model of family life planning (work, family phase, return) will also be gradually replaced by a model of simultaneous compatibility of family and work. This change in values, although initiated by the parents themselves, may turn out to be a crucial countermeasure in national economy against the demography-related loss of qualified personnel. For these three trends the economic need arises to minimize family-related absence of our well-trained, motivated and reliable doctors from the clinical departments through implementation of family-friendly human resources policies and supporting measures by the employers. In a representative survey 26% of respondents with children had in the past already changed their workplace to ensure a better match of work and family duties. In this regard the compatibility of family and professional responsibilities had a higher impact on the selection of the employer than a high income. Accordingly, a work-life competence oriented business plan will represent the crucial factor within the competition between universities, hospitals and professional disciplines to attract high potential bearers although a sustained change of the traditional hospital culture is mandatory. Anaesthesia-related fields of development regarding family-friendly corporate governance are working hours and organization of work, part-time jobs even for managers and fathers, and staff development. In the hospital daily routine, in particular, creative solutions meeting the local demands are deemed necessary that do not involve the use of high financial resources. Family-friendly personnel policy not only arises from altruistic enthusiasm but also pays off economically. This article discusses the necessity, opportunities and threads of family-oriented hospital management and fields of action for anaesthesia departments. PMID:19484192

Heller, A R; Heller, S C

2009-06-01

21

The Loneliest Babies: Foster Care in the Hospital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses an ignored problem--the plight of infants and toddlers in foster care who find themselves hospitalized. A majority of the children in foster care will be hospitalized for medical treatment while in foster care because they are more likely to have serious medical problems or developmental disabilities than their age peers.…

Dicker, Sheryl

2012-01-01

22

Ten steps or climbing a mountain: A study of Australian health professionals' perceptions of implementing the baby friendly health initiative to protect, promote and support breastfeeding  

PubMed Central

Background The Baby Friendly Hospital (Health) Initiative (BFHI) is a global initiative aimed at protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding and is based on the ten steps to successful breastfeeding. Worldwide, over 20,000 health facilities have attained BFHI accreditation but only 77 Australian hospitals (approximately 23%) have received accreditation. Few studies have investigated the factors that facilitate or hinder implementation of BFHI but it is acknowledged this is a major undertaking requiring strategic planning and change management throughout an institution. This paper examines the perceptions of BFHI held by midwives and nurses working in one Area Health Service in NSW, Australia. Methods The study used an interpretive, qualitative approach. A total of 132 health professionals, working across four maternity units, two neonatal intensive care units and related community services, participated in 10 focus groups. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results Three main themes were identified: 'Belief and Commitment'; 'Interpreting BFHI' and 'Climbing a Mountain'. Participants considered the BFHI implementation a high priority; an essential set of practices that would have positive benefits for babies and mothers both locally and globally as well as for health professionals. It was considered achievable but would take commitment and hard work to overcome the numerous challenges including a number of organisational constraints. There were, however, differing interpretations of what was required to attain BFHI accreditation with the potential that misinterpretation could hinder implementation. A model described by Greenhalgh and colleagues on adoption of innovation is drawn on to interpret the findings. Conclusion Despite strong support for BFHI, the principles of this global strategy are interpreted differently by health professionals and further education and accurate information is required. It may be that the current processes used to disseminate and implement BFHI need to be reviewed. The findings suggest that there is a contradiction between the broad philosophical stance and best practice approach of this global strategy and the tendency for health professionals to focus on the ten steps as a set of tasks or a checklist to be accomplished. The perceived procedural approach to implementation may be contributing to lower rates of breastfeeding continuation.

2011-01-01

23

Epidemiological study of klebsiella infection in the special care baby unit of a London hospital  

PubMed Central

Of the babies admitted to the Special Care Baby Unit of the Royal Free Hospital over 20 months, 10·2% were infected or colonised by klebsiella. The fluorescent antibody technique was used to identify epidemics caused by three strains: capsular type 8 K. aerogenes, type 68 K. oxytoca, or type 13 K. aerogenes, each of which was predominant at a different time, exhibited a difference in virulence, and showed a predilection for different sites of infection. Intestinal colonisation was frequently followed by the presence of sepsis in other sites by the same capsular type. Antibiotic administration led to a higher incidence of klebsiella infection, while the widespread use of compounds containing hexachlorophane could have contributed to skin colonisation and infection by klebsiella. An environmental survey indicated that 1% Hycolin failed to disinfect the incubators, that the babies were the reservoirs of the organisms, and that transmission was due to inadequate hand-washing of nurses and mothers. The mothers were found to have been uninformed of hygienic techniques. They were observed in various practices which could have contributed to the spread of the organism, including contaminating communal areas and handling babies other than their own. It has been recommended that the mothers of premature infants be instructed in the hygienic measures required in dealing with this susceptible population and that the nursing and medical staff be more strict in their own observance of these procedures.

Riser, EVE; Noone, Paul; Howard, Frances M

1980-01-01

24

A little help from my friends: caring for premature babies in a war zone  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a narrative of some aspects of my work as a midwife with Médecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in West Africa. I was situated in an isolated north-western regional hospital in an area under rebel military control in 2004–2005 in the Côte d'Ivoire during the civil war which divides the north and south of the country. Access to health

Heather Harris

2007-01-01

25

Maternal and foetal risk factor and complication with immediate outcome during hospital stay of very low birth weight babies.  

PubMed

This prospective study was done to find out the maternal and foetal risk factors and complications during hospital stay. It was conducted in Special Care Neonatal Unit (SCANU), Department of Child Health, Bangabandhu Memorial Hospital (BBMH), University of Science and Technology Chittagong (USTC) from1st October 2001 to 30th March 2002 and cases were 35 very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns. Common complications of VLBW babies of this series were frequent apnea (40%), Septicemia (25.71%), Hypothermia (17.14%), NEC (14.28%), Convulsion (11.43%), Hyper-bilirubinaemia (8.57%), Anemia (5.71%), IVH (5.71%), RDS (2.86%), HDN (2.86%), CCF (2.86%), ARF (2.86%), either alone or in combination with other clinical conditions. Newborns 62.86% male, 37.14% female & their mortality rate were 40.91% & 38.46% respectively; Preterm 88.57% & their mortality (41.93%) were higher than term babies (25.00%); AGA 62.86%, SGA 37.14% & mortality rate of AGA babies (45.46%) were higher than of SGA (30.77%) babies. The mortality rate of VLBW infants of teen age (? 18 years) mothers (57.14%) & high (? 30 years) aged mothers (50.00%) were higher than average (19-26 yrs) maternal age mothers (33.33%). Mortality rate was higher among the babies of primi (41.67%) than multiparous (36.36%), poor socioeconomic group (53.33%) than middle class (30.00%) & mothers on irregular ANC (47.83%) than regular ANC (25.00%). It has been also noted the mortality rate of home delivered babies (50.00%) higher than institutional delivered (34.78%) babies; higher in LUCS babies (46.15%) than normal vaginal delivered babies (31.58%); higher in the babies who had antenatal maternal problem (48.15%) than no maternal problems babies (12.50%); higher in the babies who had fetal distress (50.00%) and twin (46.67%) than no foetal risk factors (28.57%) during intrauterine life; higher in the babies who had problems at admission (46.67%) than no problems (35.00%); and mortality higher in twin (46.67%) than singleton babies (35.00%). Maximum VLBW babies who died during hospital stay had multiple problems and mortality was varied from ?60-100%. The babies who had frequent apnea have been carried relative better outcome (mortality rate 35.72%). In this study out of total 35 studied baby 21(60.00%) survived and 14(40.00%) died. Frequent apnea, sepsis, hypothermia, NEC, convulsion, jaundice, anemia, IVH, and RDS are common complications in VLBW babies. Male sex, prematurity, primiparity, average (middle) socio-economic status, irregular ANC, preterm labor, toxemia of pregnancy, prolonged rupture of membrane, malnutrition, multiple gestations and foetal distress are risk factor for VLBW delivery. Clinical outcome depends on maturity, birth weight, centile for weight, maternal age, parity, maternal nutrition & socio-economic status, ANC, place & mode of delivery, maternal problems during antenatal & perinatal period, number of gestation, fetal condition, presentation at admission, postnatal problems, time of start of management & referral and level of care. PMID:23134911

Mannan, M A; Jahan, N; Dey, S K; Uddin, M F; Ahmed, S

2012-10-01

26

[Constructing a breastfeeding-friendly workplace: demonstration from hospital].  

PubMed

To breastfeed is a right of women and infants. However, breastfeeding is viewed as a " Private domain" rather than as a "public domain" issue. Many people therefore think that it is unnecessary to use public policy to solve problems associated with breastfeeding. Nurses, due to heavy work loads and responsibilities, and shift rotation, have to face many difficulties when they combine breastfeeding and work. Since the question of whether nurses may successfully breastfeed their offspring in the workplace is one of particular significance, this article considers the importance of breastfeeding in the workplace and nurses experiences thereof, and the international criteria for a friendly breastfeeding workplace for women, in order to discuss ways in which Taiwan's health care institutions should create breastfeeding-friendly environment. PMID:15986297

Gau, Meei-Ling; Kuo, Su-Chen; Wu, Shiang-Feng

2005-06-01

27

Serratia marcescens-contaminated baby shampoo causing an outbreak among newborns at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  

PubMed

During November 2008 to January 2009, 11 babies in the neonatal intensive care (NICU) and three babies in the nursery were infected with Serratia marcescens at King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Saudi Arabia. Overall, fifteen infections were identified among 11 newborns in the NICU: septicaemia (five cases), purulent conjunctivitis (three), urinary tract infection (two), meningitis (two) and cellulitis (one). Three newborns in the nursery had three infections: purulent conjunctivitis (two cases) and omphalitis (one). Thirteen of 14 babies recovered fully but one died from S. marcescens meningitis and septicaemia. All infections were traced to intrinsically contaminated baby shampoo introduced to the units five days before the first reported case. The outbreak terminated following withdrawal of the shampoo product. PMID:21392846

Madani, T A; Alsaedi, S; James, L; Eldeek, B S; Jiman-Fatani, A A; Alawi, M M; Marwan, D; Cudal, M; Macapagal, M; Bahlas, R; Farouq, M

2011-03-09

28

Age-related incidence curve of hospitalized Shaken Baby Syndrome cases: Convergent evidence for crying as a trigger to shaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo determine whether there is an age-specific incidence of hospitalized cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) that has similar properties to the previously reported “normal crying curve,” as a form of indirect evidence that crying is an important stimulus for SBS.

Ronald G. Barr; Roger B. Trent; Julie Cross

2006-01-01

29

Baby walker associated scalding injuries seen at University Hospital Kuala Lumpur.  

PubMed

Baby walker associated injuries are occurring in Malaysia. Most are not noticed as paediatricians are more concerned with the treatment of the injury and forget the preventive measures required to overcome this problem. We believe that baby walkers should be banned in Malaysia as the risks of injury far outweighs any benefits. We present 4 cases of baby walker associated scalding injuries. PMID:7565196

Sendut, I H; Tan, K K; Rivara, F

1995-06-01

30

Moving Towards the Age-friendly Hospital: A Paradigm Shift for the Hospital-based Care of the Elderly  

PubMed Central

Introduction Care of the older adult in the acute care hospital is becoming more challenging. Patients 65 years and older account for 35% of hospital discharges and 45% of hospital days. Up to one-third of the hospitalized frail elderly loses independent functioning in one or more activities of daily living as a result of the ‘hostile environment’ that is present in the acute hospitals. A critical deficit of health care workers with expertise and experience in the care of the elderly also jeopardizes successful care delivery in the acute hospital setting. Methods We propose a paradigm shift in the culture and practice of event-driven acute hospital-based care of the elderly which we call the Age-friendly Hospital concept. Guiding principles include: a favourable physical environment; zero tolerance for ageism throughout the organization; an integrated process to develop comprehensive services using the geriatric approach; assistance with appropriateness decision-making and fostering links between the hospital and the community. Our current proposed strategy is to focus on delirium management as a hospital-wide condition that both requires and highlights the Geriatric Medicine specialist as an expert of content, for program development and of evaluation. Conclusion The Age-friendly Hospital concept we propose may lead the way to enable hospitals in the fast-moving health care system to deliver high-quality care without jeopardizing risk-benefit, function, and quality of life balances for the frail elderly. Recruitment and retention of skilled health care professionals would benefit from this positive ‘branding’ of an institution. Convincing hospital management and managing change are significant challenges, especially with competing priorities in a fiscal environment with limited funding. The implementation of a hospital-wide delirium management program is an example of an intervention that embodies many of the principles in the Age-friendly Hospital concept. It is important to change the way hospital care is delivered to older adults in time to meet our needs when we need hospital services ourselves.

Huang, Allen R.; Larente, Nadine; Morais, Jose A.

2011-01-01

31

Your Premature Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... stay warm. Can breastfeed or bottle-feed Gains weight steadily (1/2 to 1 ounce each day) Can breathe on his own Your baby may need special equipment , treatment or medicine after he leaves the hospital . Your baby’s provider and the staff ...

32

Iron status of babies born to iron- deficient anaemic mothers in an Iranian hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the relation between maternal anaemia and neonatal iron status in 97 mothers and their babies. Haemoglobin (Hb), serum iron, total iron binding capacity and serum ferritin were determined. Mothers were divided into 3 groups: iron-deficient anaemic (22.7%), non-anaemic iron-deficient (27.8%) and non-anaemic non-iron-deficient (49.5%). There was no significant difference in the mean ages of the 3 groups but

F. Emamghorashi; T. Heidari

2004-01-01

33

Hospitals' response to the buckle-up baby legislation in Ontario.  

PubMed Central

Drivers in Ontario are legally responsible to ensure that infants and toddlers are restrained in a child safety seat or by a lap belt. In 1982 the minister of health sent a memorandum to all medical officers of health and the administrators and medical directors of all public hospitals in Ontario, urging them to encourage and assist parents in protecting their newborn children with safety seats. In 1983 the Toronto General Hospital established the Cooperative Hospital Infant Restraint Program (CHIRP) to study the feasibility of a "loaner" program for hospitals in metropolitan Toronto. The authors describe CHIRP and its objectives. They also report the results of a questionnaire they sent in 1984 to all Ontario hospitals that had a newborn or pediatric service to assess their response to the minister's memorandum.

Lawee, D; Stoughton, W V

1986-01-01

34

Reducing perinatal mortality among Indigenous babies in Queensland: should the first priority be better primary health care or better access to hospital care during confinement?  

PubMed Central

Background The perinatal mortality rate among Indigenous Australians is still double that of the rest of the community. The aim of our study was to estimate the extent to which increased risk of low birthweight and preterm birth among Indigenous babies in Queensland account for their continuing mortality excess. If a large proportion of excess deaths can be explained by the unfavourable birthweight and gestational age distribution of Indigenous babies, then that would suggest that priority should be given to implementing primary health care interventions to reduce the risk of low birthweight and preterm birth (eg, interventions to reduce maternal smoking or genitourinary infections). Conversely, if only a small proportion is explained by birthweight and gestational age, then other strategies might need to be considered such as improving access to high-quality hospital care around the time of confinement. Methodology Population-based, descriptive study of perinatal mortality rates among Indigenous and non-Indigenous babies, in Queensland, stratified by birthweight and gestational age. Results Indigenous babies are twice as likely to die as their non-Indigenous counterparts (rate ratio1998–2002: 2.01; 95%ci 1.77, 2.28). However, within separate strata of birth weight and gestational age, Indigenous and non-Indigenous rates are similar. The Mantel-Haenszel rate ratio adjusted for birth weight and gestational age was 1.13 (0.99, 1.28). This means that most of the excess mortality in Indigenous babies is largely due to their unfavourable birth weight and gestational-age distributions. If Indigenous babies had the same birth weight and gestational age distribution as their non-Indigenous counterparts, then the relative disparity would be reduced by 87% and 20 fewer Indigenous babies would die in Queensland each year. Conclusion Our results suggest that Indigenous mothers at high risk of poor outcome (for example those Indigenous mothers in preterm labour) have good access to high quality medical care around the time of confinement. The main reason Indigenous babies have a high risk of death is because they are born too early and too small. Thus, to reduce the relative excess of deaths among Indigenous babies, priority should be given to primary health care initiatives aimed at reducing the prevalence of low birth weight and preterm birth.

Johnston, Trisha; Coory, Michael

2005-01-01

35

Mortality in the special care baby unit of the main children's hospital in Tripoli, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.  

PubMed

We investigated the prevalence of neonatal deaths in the special care baby unit (SCBU) at the main children's hospital in Tripoli and the factors associated with these deaths. We reviewed the medical records of all neonates who died in our SCBU from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2005. A total of 1176 neonates were admitted to our SCBU (59.6% males and 40.4% females). Of these, 260 (22.1%) died: 165 males and 95 females. The reasons for admission to SCBU of the neonates who died were: prematurity (43.9%), birth asphyxia (16.7%), congenital malformations (15.9%), neonatal infections (14.6%), other reasons (4.6%) and data unavailable (4.3%). The factors associated with death were: respiratory distress (40.4%), congenital malformation (19.6%), neonatal infections (18.5%) and perinatal asphyxia (15.8%), with 5.8% attributed to other causes. The majority of deaths (63.1%) occurred during the early neonatal period. Mortality in our SCBU is high and action is needed to reduce it with emphasis on prematurity. PMID:21218737

Abushhaiwia, A M E; Ziyani, M M N; Dekna, M

2010-11-01

36

Baby Stealing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of 13 cases of baby stealing by women distinguished four groups of cases. (1) Girls of subnormal intelligence, who stole a baby to play with. (2) Schizophrenic patients, whose offence was motivated by delusional ideas. (3) Psychopathic personalities, characterized by a previous history of delinquency, hysterical personality traits, and a preoccupation with their desire to have children. Their baby

P. T. DOrbán

1972-01-01

37

Baby universes.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Topology change and third quantization in 0+1 dimensions. 3. Third quantization in 3+1 dimensions. 4. Parent and baby universes. 5. Instantons - from quantum mechanics to quantum gravity. 6. The axion model and the instanton approximation. 7. The cosmological constant: the Hawking-Baum argument; baby universes and Coleman's argument.

Strominger, A.

38

Baby universes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Topology change and third quantization in 0+1 dimensions. 3. Third quantization in 3+1 dimensions. 4. Parent and baby universes. 5. Instantons - from quantum mechanics to quantum gravity. 6. The axion model and the instanton approximation. 7. The cosmological constant: the Hawking-Baum argument; baby universes and Coleman's argument.

A. Strominger

1991-01-01

39

Breast is best for babies.  

PubMed Central

Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding.

Leung, Alexander K. C.; Sauve, Reginald S.

2005-01-01

40

In the NICU: Your Family and Friends  

MedlinePLUS

... page once in a 24 hour period. Your family and friends After your baby's arrival, some family ... Becoming an informed parent Common NICU equipment NICU Family Support® Your gift helps provide comfort and support ...

41

Baby Steps to Better Care: One Hospital's Story of Success in Health Care Improvement for Newborns and Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multidisciplinary support for families of newborns is critical for their health and safety. This article describes three programs at one urban hospital which were implemented to (a) improve breastfeeding support, (b) enhance practitioners' observation and communication skills, and (c) provide a comprehensive social response to the urgent…

Minear, Susan; Pedulla, Mary Jo; Philipp, Barbara L.

2009-01-01

42

Gender Issues in Parenting Cleft Lip and Palate Babies in Southern Nigeria: A Study of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a scarcity of studies on gender issues in parenting cleft lip and palate (CLAP) babies. The birth of a CLAP child presents an immediate visible handicap that is distressing to parents. The aims and objectives of this study are to determine the influence of gender on the attitude of parents on the birth of CLAP babies, to articulate the…

Umweni, A. A.; Okeigbemen, S. A.

2009-01-01

43

Characterization of babies discharged from Cabell Huntington Hospital during the calendar year 2005 with the diagnoses of neonatal abstinence syndrome.  

PubMed

Recent concern regarding the impact of maternal drug abuse on neonatal well being was the impetus for this retrospective cohort study of newborns diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome that were discharged from Cabell Huntington Hospital during the calendar year 2005. Medical records of the neonates and their mothers were analyzed for a variety of health related outcomes and healthcare cost. Forty-eight neonates were diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in 2005, forty of which required NICU assistance. The average maternal age at delivery was 26; gravity was 3.1 and most were single, separated or divorced. The majority had poor or inconsistent prenatal care. Twenty-one delivered by cesarean section most often for fetal distress. Most delivered prematurely with an average gestation of 35.9 weeks. Half of the mothers went into preterm labor with half of those having premature ruptured membranes. Opiates were the most common maternal substance found, while neonates most often tested positive for methadone. Nearly 90% of the mothers smoked. Thirty-four of the mothers were found to continue illicit drug abuse while pregnant, while another eight were seen in a methadone clinic for a history of abuse. Most of the neonates required weaning with methadone. The majority of our study cases were funded by Medicaid, mostly by West Virginia with total hospital costs exceeding 1.7 million dollars. Direct cost attributed to detoxification was in excess of $180,000. The number of neonates diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome has nearly tripled from 2003 to 2007. The problem of maternal drug abuse and addiction during pregnancy has dramatic effects on both their unborn children and our local healthcare system. Increased awareness of this growing problem is needed so that earlier interventions can be implemented. It is our opinion that all obstetrical patients at risk should be screened early and often so that those affected individuals can be managed more aggressively to improve neonatal outcomes. PMID:19271694

Baxter, F Ross; Nerhood, Robert; Chaffin, David

44

Family Friendly Space for Research, Reflection, and Respite: A Family Resource Center and Library in a Pediatric Hospital Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The environment of any hospital, especially a children's hospital, can be extremely challenging for families. Sometimes overwhelmed by the stress of a child's illness, families need a ‘haven,’ a nonclinical space where they can regroup and find information to reinforce their coping skills. The Family Resource Center at the Bristol-Myers Squibb Children's Hospital at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital offers

Nancy N. Forsberg

2010-01-01

45

Hazards of baby walkers in a European context  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS:

E. Petridou; E. Simou; C. Skondras; G. Pistevos; P. Lagos; G. Papoutsakis

1996-01-01

46

Immune status of low birth weight babies.  

PubMed

An attempt was made to evaluate the humoral and cellular immune status of preterm and small for dates babies born at All India Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital. The study sample included 24 term small-for-dates babies and 12 preterm babies (gestation of less than 37 weeks) and 20 term appropriate-for-dates babies who served as controls. The small-for-dates babies were subdivided into the following 2 subgroups on the basis of severity of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR): mild IUGR -- babies weighing between 3rd and 10th percentile for their gestation; and severe IUGR -- babies weighing less than 2 S.D. or 3rd percentile for their gestation. The levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG), M (IgM), and A (IgA) were determined in the cord blood using the single radical diffusion technique. The B-lymphocytes were identified and counted by the surface membrane immunoglobulin (SmIg) using immunofluorescence technique. The cellular immune response was assessed by counting T-lymphocytes by E-rosette technique employing sheep red blood cells. The neonates with severe IUGR and preterm babies had significantly lower levels of IgG. The levels of IgM and IgA did not differ significantly in the 4 groups. The preterm babies had significantly higher percentage of B-lymphocytes though the absolute count was not significantly different from normal newborn babies. The absolute count B cells was significantly low in babies with severe IUGR. The babies with severe IUGR had significantly low absolute and percentage count of E-rosette forming cells as compared to normal newborn babies. The findings suggest that low birth weight babies with severe IUGR are at a greater risk to develop bacterial infection due to deficiency of both humoral and cellular immune host defenses. In contrast, preterm babies are immunologically competent though passively transferred maternal IgG levels are low. It is desirable to study the duration of immunodeficiency caused by severe IUGR and its reversibility on nutritional rehabilitation. In view of the wide prevalence of IUGR in India it is possible that inadequacy of cell mediated immune response in these infants may be associated with poor "takes" following at birth BCG and small pox vaccinations. The vaccination schedule may have to be modified depending upon the duration of immunodeficiency in babies with IUGR. PMID:569131

Singh, M; Manerikar, S; Malaviya, A N; Premawathi; Gopalan, R; Kumar, R

1978-07-01

47

Compassionate Friends  

MedlinePLUS

... IL Save the Date! The Compassionate Friends: Providing Grief Support After the Death of a Child "The Compassionate Friends is about transforming the pain of grief into the elixir of hope. It takes people ...

48

Measuring newborn foot length to identify small babies in need of extra care: a cross sectional hospital based study with community follow-up in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality because of low birth weight or prematurity remains high in many developing country settings. This research aimed to estimate the sensitivity and specificity, and the positive and negative predictive values of newborn foot length to identify babies who are low birth weight or premature and in need of extra care in a rural African setting. METHODS: A

Tanya Marchant; Jennie Jaribu; Suzanne Penfold; Marcel Tanner; Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg

2010-01-01

49

Hazards of baby walkers in a European context.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS: 49 babies with baby walker related injuries brought to the emergency clinics during the period May 1994 to April 1995. RESULTS: The incidence of these injuries was 16 per thousand person years of users, or 3.5 per thousand babies per year. More boys than girls were brought to the hospital for these injuries and the incidence density was highest during the ninth and 10th month of age. Falls from heights, particularly stairs, were the most frequent cause of baby walker related injuries, especially among younger babies. The majority of these injuries were of minor severity, but three babies had bone fractures and one had a second degree facial burn. Six babies required hospitalization and for seven others, a follow up visit was needed. The higher proportion of hospitalization among girls than boys raises the possibility that boys with minor injuries are more frequently brought to the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Baby walkers impart a significant risk of injury from a consumer product that provides no clearly identifiable benefit. As most baby walker injuries happen on stairs, modifications in product design are required to reduce these injuries. Moreover, parents should be forcefully advised of the risks and predisposing conditions, if baby walkers are to be used at all.

Petridou, E.; Simou, E.; Skondras, C.; Pistevos, G.; Lagos, P.; Papoutsakis, G.

1996-01-01

50

Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?  

PubMed Central

Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features in the design of baby walkers. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

Gleadhill, D N; Robson, W J; Cudmore, R E; Turnock, R R

1987-01-01

51

Baby feeding patterns  

MedlinePLUS

... milk is digested more rapidly than cow's milk formula. Breastfed babies usually require feeding every 1 - 3 ... becoming engorged and stopping the production of milk. Formula-fed babies usually require feeding about every 2 - ...

52

The Physics of Babies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the 2011 birth of my daughter I have been a 100% as a stay-at-home dad and 50% researcher. My ``Routine Adventures'' in the baby universe are the subject of this fun talk that presents the unique challenges of baby physics. Topics include ``Schroedinger's Baby'' and ``The Entropy of Rice.''

Shemella, Philip

2013-03-01

53

The New Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for beginning readers tells the story of a South African priest and his wife who are ashamed when their daughter tells them she is going to have a baby. They refuse to have anything to do with her when she is pregnant. However, when the baby comes, everything changes and they come to accept and love the baby. Large black and white…

Brain, Helen

54

Distant Friends: Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tense families at the breaking point, people trapped inside self-preserving illusions, inhabit the totally convincing stories in this striking debut collection. In the title story, Lex, an aging hippie from Boulder, Colo., shows up too late at the hospital where his best friend's daughter is dying. He typifies Johnson's characters: they fail each other in little things that count tremendously,

Greg Johnson

1990-01-01

55

Interactive Autonomous Baby Sitting Robot  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a baby sitting robot system, which has the capabilities of baby tracking , cry signal processing, map building and obstacle avoidance, path planning, entertain the baby or alarm the guardian if any defined anomalies found and voice interaction. For that purpose, the baby sitting robot system has a capability to track and follow the baby with obstacle

M. F. M. Cader; N. Iynkaran; T. Uthayasanker; S. R. Munasinghe

2006-01-01

56

[Breastfeeding protection, promotion and support at an university hospital].  

PubMed

A quantitative and descriptive study hold in a University Hospital in Săo Paulo State aimed at evaluating breastfeeding protection, promotion and support by ensuring compliance with the "Baby-Friendly Hospital's ten steps" for successful breastfeeding proposed by the Ministry of Health. The evaluation has found practices to facilitate breastfeeding, but some changes in the hospital routines in order to meet the "ten steps" must be made. On average, 79% of the answers were positive for the compliance with the "ten steps", which is close to the 80% suggested. However, if we analyze each step, we can identify items which need to be improved. The practice of placing the baby with the mother just after birth allowing breastfeeding at the first half hour, was reported by 100% and 80% of the interviewed mothers who had natural vaginal delivery and cesarean section, respectively. Investments and changes toward the compliance with the "ten steps" will improve the population assistance and education of baby-friendly professionals. PMID:18813565

de Almeida, Gabriela Gracia; Spiri, Wilza Carla; Juliani, Carmen Maria Casquel Monti; Paiva, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro

57

Friend Finder  

MedlinePLUS

Friend Finder (Game) Email Embed Grab this Game :

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

1997-01-01

61

Birds, Bees and Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study designed to determine which particular aspects of pregnancy, birth, and babies were of most interest to 8-year-old children. Children were interested in details of a baby's behavior and development as well as the impact of its arrival on the parents. There were distinct gender differences in those topics, which particularly…

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

1997-01-01

62

Baby Brain Map  

MedlinePLUS

... CONNECT WITH ZTT! HOME BEHAVIOR & DEVELOPMENT MALTREATMENT CARE & EDUCATION PUBLIC POLICY ABOUT US Behavior & Development Brain Development Challenging Behavior Early Childhood Mental Health Early Development From Baby to Big ...

63

Once Baby Arrives  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... bacteria from a baby's mouth can be introduced into the bottle during feeding; they can grow and multiply even after refrigeration (some bacteria ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/peopleatrisk

64

Immunizations for Preterm Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... have a greater chance of having disease-related problems. All of the available vaccines are safe when given to preterm and low birth weight babies. Any side effects associated with the vaccines are similar in both full-term ...

65

Baby's First Test  

MedlinePLUS

... First Test Learn about our initiative. » View more Innovation in Newborn Screening The latest research, news and funding opportunities » View more Innovation About Baby's First Test Contact Us Health Disclaimer ...

66

Burping Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... tends to be gassy, spits a lot, has gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) , or seems fussy during feeding, try burping your ... longer if your baby spits up or has GERD) after feeding to help prevent the milk from ...

67

Expedient Treatment of a Collodion Baby  

PubMed Central

Only ~270 cases of collodion babies have been reported in the literature since 1892. As the name suggests, the term “collodion baby” refers to a phenotype that can be characterized by a yellow, shiny, tight parchment-like membrane stretched over the skin. Although the collodion membrane is only an evanescent condition of the newborn, neonatal complications can occur in 45% of all collodion babies, leading to a mortality rate of ~11% in the first few weeks of life. Most children born as collodion babies will spontaneously desquamate within 2 weeks, but may be as long as 3 months. Eventually, these children develop signs of one of several types of ichthyosis, which gives the skin the appearance of “fish scales.” We report a unique case of a Caucasian male that was born as a Collodion baby at the University of Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Although the impairment of the skin barrier function put the patient at risk for a number of complications, he improved significantly after being treated with emollients and antibiotics. In contrast to previous findings, we found that skin emollients were beneficial and did not increase the risk of infection.

Chung, Michael; Pittenger, Jaime; Tobin, Stuart; Chung, Andrew; Desai, Nirmala

2011-01-01

68

Factors That Influence Passive Smoking in Infancy: A Study among Mothers of Newborn Babies in The Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The aim of this study was to assess the factors that influence smoking in the presence of the infant by mothers, partners, other family members, and friends.Methods. An observational study using questionnaires was performed with smoking and nonsmoking parents of babies between 1 and 14 months old attending Dutch well-baby clinics between February and May 1996. The main measures

Mathilde R. Crone; Sijmen A. Reijneveld; Rudy J. F. Burgmeijer; Remy A. Hirasing

2001-01-01

69

Smallpox vaccination in new born babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The results of neonatal smallpox vaccinations carried out in the Sassoon General Hospitals. Poona are presented. The success\\u000a rate of 98.91% was found which clearly shows the ability of infants to produce antibodies to a potent and powerful antigen\\u000a like vaccinia virus. It seems, therefore, that in spite of having an immature immune mechanism, the baby can be conveniently\\u000a and

Ramesh Bidwe; Maya Natu; P. V. Sathe

1971-01-01

70

Audit on immunisation in preterm babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe audit aimed to investigate the proportion of preterm babies in the neonatal unit who received their immunisation at 2, 3 and 4 months of age while still in-patients as recommended by the Department of Health.1Methods25 neonates between November 2008 and January 2009 were included in the audit. A data collection form was produced which included: name, DOB, hospital number,

N Iglesias; J Persaud

2010-01-01

71

Mom and Baby Skin Care  

MedlinePLUS

... and baby skin care Mom and baby skin care Skin care concerns during and after pregnancy Melasma Also known ... chilled product can help alleviate the itch. Hair care concerns during and after pregnancy Excessive hair growth ...

72

Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

2009-01-01

73

Bah's Baby Brother Is Born.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This illustrated story, written for Native American children, stresses the importance of not drinking alcohol and taking care of oneself during pregnancy. The story centers on Bah, a young Native American girl whose mother is going to have a baby. Bah is very excited about getting a baby brother or sister and wants the baby to be healthy and…

Tapahonso, Luci

74

The amazing baby brain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you were watching television with the sound turned off, do you think you could tell what language the actors were speaking in? Babies can, according to new research. At least, they can tell whether a face is speaking their native language or a foreign language.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS;)

2007-05-25

75

Baby Bath Basics  

MedlinePLUS

... eyes. Do I need a special type of soap? There's no need to use special soap for a baby bath. In fact, plain water ... for newborns. When needed, use a mild moisturizing soap. Avoid bubble bath and scented soaps. Will lotion ...

76

The water babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A children's classic, from the moment of its publication in 1863, Charles Kingsley's The Water-Babies seems since World War I to have first lost ground, and then, since watching television took the place of reading for entertainment, to have disappeared from children's knowledge. It seems also to have lost the esteem it once enjoyed from grown-ups owing to its having

Q D Leavis

1976-01-01

77

Food safety for babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young babies are vulnerable to food-borne disease. Examines the results of a questionnaire survey of parents and carers in day nurseries to examine the practices used to sterilize feeding equipment, reconstitute infant milk feeds and prepare weaning foods. Reports on observations of infant feeding practices carried out in six day nurseries. Standards of food handling in the nurseries were high

Denise Worsfold

1996-01-01

78

Baby universe theory.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors give an elementary review of the so called "the theory of baby universes" which is a series of ideas or speculations about some effects in quantum gravity, viz. the effect of a certain type of wormholes, representing the exchange of small 3-space universes called baby universes. They consider this "theory" as being physically and scientifically a very promising candidate for a theory of everything. It is, however, mathematically lacking any strong foundation at all. It solves several fine-tuning problems: First of all the cosmological constant problem, and also the strong CP-problem and the hierarchy problem. The authors also speculate that it might predict the possibility of influencing the probability distributions of the outcome of quantum mechanical measurements at one time by acts at a later time.

Nielsen, H. B.; Ninomiya, M.

1989-12-01

79

Ice, Ice, Baby!  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) has developed an outreach program based on hands-on activities called "Ice, Ice, Baby". These lessons are designed to teach the science principles of displacement, forces of motion, density, and states of matter. These properties are easily taught through the interesting topics of glaciers, icebergs, and sea level rise in K-8 classrooms. The activities are fun, engaging, and simple enough to be used at science fairs and family science nights. Students who have participated in "Ice, Ice, Baby" have successfully taught these to adults and students at informal events. The lessons are based on education standards which are available on our website www.cresis.ku.edu. This presentation will provide information on the activities, survey results from teachers who have used the material, and other suggested material that can be used before and after the activities.

Hamilton, C.

2008-12-01

80

Baby walker injuries.  

PubMed

In a study of 49 children between the ages of 8 and 14 months, parents were surveyed with a written questionnaire and a follow-up phone interview to determine the utilization of baby walkers and the frequency and severity of baby walker injuries. Most respondents (86%) placed their children in various types of baby walkers between 4 months and 1 year of age. Half of the 42 infants who used walkers experienced at least one accident involving a tip over, a fall down stairs, or finger entrapment. Two of those accident resulted in injuries serious enough to require medical management. Both infants sustained head and neck injuries after falling down stairs in a walker. Whereas stairway and finger entrapment accidents occurred before the age of 7 months, tip overs were much more likely to occur after the age of 8 months. Injuries are more common but less severe than previously reported. Pediatricians and other child health advocates can inform parents about the health risks, encourage regulatory agencies to improve product labeling, and stimulate manufacturers to adjust the product to age and weight specifications of the growing infant. PMID:7088607

Fazen, L E; Felizberto, P I

1982-07-01

81

On the death of a baby.  

PubMed

Andrew was a desperately premature baby weighing under two pounds. He died after months of "heroic' efforts in an intensive care facility. The story of his short cruel institutionalised life is a case study in the limits and excesses of modern medicine. The night he told us our son Andrew was about to die the doctor who had taken charge of him six months before also told us we were "intellectually tight' that we had "no feelings only thoughts and words and strategies'. We were "bad parents'. As the parents of a five-year-old daughter we knew the love a mother and father feels for children. Yet as Andrew's parents we were used to condemnation and insult. Andrew was a baby born 15 weeks prematurely weighing only 1lb 12oz and in a state of painful deterioration almost from the start. We wanted him to be allowed to die a natural death. Andrew's story is the story of what can happen when a baby becomes hopelessly entrapped in an intensive care unit where the machinery is more sophisticated than the code of law and ethics governing its use. The letter printed below was sent to the administrator and numerous personnel of the hospital that controlled the life and death of our son. The physician-in-chief of that hospital characterised it as a "carefully documented critique'. The letter appear here somewhat edited and abridged and the names of people and institutions have been changed all but our own. It is the personal record of what happened to our baby and to us. PMID:7205897

Stinson, R; Stinson, P

1981-03-01

82

Mode of delivery and survival in babies weighing less than 2000 g at birth  

Microsoft Academic Search

A retrospective study of babies weighing less than 2000 g at birth admitted over a four-year period to Nottingham City Hospital Neonatal Unit showed a higher incidence of lower Apgar scores and the need for intubation in babies born by caesarean section and breech deliveries. Mortality in those delivered by the breech (35%) was statistically higher than those by caesarean

M L Smith; S A Spencer; D Hull

1980-01-01

83

A collodion baby with hypothyroidism.  

PubMed

Collodion baby is a rare keratinizing congenital disorder. Although it is milder in degree than harlequin fetus, the infant is at risk for increased water loss, thermal instability, percutaneous toxicity, and infection as a result of an impaired skin barrier function. Here we report on an 11 days-old collodion baby with hypernatremic dehydratation, septicemia and congenital hypothyroidism. To our knowledge congenital hypothyroidism associated with collodion baby is reported in only one case up to date. PMID:20964127

Dogan, D G; Aslan, M; Karabiber, H

2010-01-01

84

Baby-Crying Acceptance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The baby's crying is his most important mean of communication. The crying monitoring performed by devices that have been developed doesn't ensure the complete safety of the child. It is necessary to join, to these technological resources, means of communicating the results to the responsible, which would involve the digital processing of information available from crying. The survey carried out, enabled to understand the level of adoption, in the continental territory of Portugal, of a technology that will be able to do such a digital processing. It was used the TAM as the theoretical referential. The statistical analysis showed that there is a good probability of acceptance of such a system.

Martins, Tiago; de Magalhăes, Sérgio Tenreiro

85

Babies by (intelligent) design?  

PubMed

Advances in reproductive technology and genetic interventions raise questions about the possibility of using these procedures to promote the birth of children with socially advantageous conditions. In Babies by Design, Ronald M. Green supports this goal and accuses its opponents of a "status quo bias." Unfortunately, some of Green's own arguments also show a status quo bias. Moreover, although he attempts to avoid the thorny issue of the moral status of human embryos, he implicitly takes a stand on it by endorsing prenatal interventions that inevitably entail the creation and loss of some human embryos. This essay identifies these and other flaws in Green's account. PMID:19013852

Mahowald, Mary B

2008-01-01

86

De (baby) Sitter overlaps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a (1+1)-dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

Benna, Marcus K.

2013-02-01

87

May Babies and Posttenure Babies: Maternal Decisions of Women Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the maternal and career progression decisions of different generations of women professors in Canada. Nineteen women, interviewed in-depth, reveal how they carefully plan childbearing and childrearing experiences around their demanding work schedules, by having May babies or posttenure babies. Results demonstrate the need…

Armenti, Carmen

2004-01-01

88

Abstracts of Research Oral and Poster Presentations at the 2011 ILCA Conference  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe World Health Organization launched the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in 1991; 99 US hospitals were Baby-Friendly certified. When answering questions in related studies, staff have erroneously described their hospitals as Baby-Friendly certified.AimTo determine whether surveyed maternity staff could correctly identify their hospitals’ status with regard to Baby-Friendly.MethodsThe authors called 1206 hospitals (Baby-Friendly and not) in 20 states and asked to

Stephanie Santana; Radha Sadacharan; Emily Sanchez; Gregory Makrigiorgos; Xena Grossman; Anne Merewood; Shadia Riad El Guindy; Azza H. Ahmed; Oluwaseun Taiwo Esan; Bridget Omisore; Carol Traa; Florence Omekara; Lori Irwin; Deborah Eldredge; Folakemi Olajumoke Olajide; Abimbola Olaniyi Olajide; Olusegun Temitope Afolabi; Shela Akbar Ali Hirani; Rozina Karmaliani; Janet Elizabeth Edmunds; Paul Fulbrook; Sandra Miles; Amanda L. Watkins; Joan E. Dodgson; Magdalena Buczek; Julia Margaret Coit; Lori Feldman-Winter; Laurie Anne Nommsen-Rivers; Alison Stuebe; Anne B. Woods; Joan Robertson; Grace Bourke; Joyce Carroll; Barbara Crist; Jennifer Duff; Shirley Kowalewski; Staci Moore; Judy Zacharias; Selena Thomas; Donovan Dietrich; Lenore Goldfarb; Laura Duke; Wilaiporn Rojjanasrirat; Karen Ann Wambach; Eve-Lynn Nelson; Pamela Ann Hendrix; Susan Lynn Welke; Kerry Sue Foligno; Angelina Rodriguez

2012-01-01

89

Alkaptonuria in a Chinese baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

The early clinical signs of alkaptonuria (McKusick 20350), especially darkening of urine, may be missed in babies and children. The disease, inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, is very rare, especially in Chinese. We report a case of alkaptonuria presenting with brownish staining of the overnight napkin, probably the first case report in a Chinese baby proved biochemically. C.W. is

T.-R. Wang; W.-L. Hwu

1989-01-01

90

Growth and the Premature Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable evidence to show that babies born prematurely have poor postnatal growth, and the more premature the baby, the greater the impairment is likely to be and the longer it will persist. Nutrition has been shown to play an important part in this, but adequate nutrition is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve in these infants. In the

A. Gibson; S. Carney; J. K. H. Wales

2006-01-01

91

Friends, real friends and fifth columnists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Strives to illuminate the types of relationships many libraries have with friends' organizations and to illustrate what makes a good relationship between the two organizations. While many libraries have had successful experiences with such groups, not all relationships have a happy ending. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Uses real-life examples to illustrate various ways friends' groups have, and have not, been

Glen E. Holt

2005-01-01

92

Do Baby Crystals Exist?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contrary to the conventional understanding that atomic clusters usually differ in properties and structure from the bulk constituents of which they are comprised, we show that a small cluster containing only four tungsten and twelve oxygen atoms bears all the hallmarks of crystalline tungsten oxide, WO_3. This observation based on a synergistic approach involving mass distributions under quasi-steady state conditions, photo-electron spectroscopy, and first principles molecular orbital theory illustrates the existence of a class of strongly covalent or ionic materials whose embryonic forms are tiny clusters. It also lends the possibility that a fundamental understanding of complex processes such as catalytic reactions on surfaces may be achieved on an atomic scale with these baby crystals as model systems.

Gantefăr, G.; Stolcic, D.; Sun, Q.; Rao, B. K.; Jena, P.; Castleman, J. R.

2003-03-01

93

Families and Friends  

MedlinePLUS

... chapter Join our online community Helping Friends and Family Part of living well with Alzheimerâ??s is adjusting to your â??new normalâ?ť and helping family and friends do the same. Knowing what to ...

94

What do parents expect antenatally and do babies teach them?  

PubMed Central

Antenatal inquiry of 658 parents in the North Staffordshire District Health Authority showed at least 13% to lack knowledge about a baby's potential for personal interaction when under 1 week old. Mothers and fathers varied significantly, independent of parity. Experienced parents expected later smiles. Two hundred and seventy eight of the same families were questioned three to four months after birth. Most parents had observed their baby's early responsiveness. Specific responses (Looking, listening) were noted earlier when anticipated and looked for. Significant among postnatal non-responders was their antenatal selection of predominantly impersonal stimulation for a baby. The greatest degree of warmth noted in postnatal observations correlated notably with a father's antenatal interest and postnatal support from him and their friends, a mother's commitment to breast feeding and her knowledge that a very young baby can see, like faces, and cries for emotional reasons. This highlights areas for antenatal tuition and postnatal encouragement, aiming to enhance warm early mutual regard between parents and child.

Delight, E; Goodall, J; Jones, P W

1991-01-01

95

Baby swimming and respiratory health  

PubMed Central

Aim To estimate the effect of baby swimming the first six months of life on respiratory diseases from 6 to 18 months. Methods We used data from The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in children born 1999 – 2005 followed from birth to the age of 18 months (n = 30,870). Health outcomes: lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI), wheeze and otitis media between 6 and 18 months of age. Exposure: baby swimming at age 6 months. The effect of baby swimming was estimated by logistic regression analysis adjusting for potential confounders. Results About 25% of the children participated in baby swimming. The prevalence of LRTI was 13.3%, wheeze 40.0% and otitis media 30.4%. Children who were baby swimming were not more likely to have LRTI, to wheeze or to have otitis media. However, children with atopic mothers who attended baby swimming had an increased risk of wheeze, aOR 1.24 (95% CI 1.11, 1.39), but not LRTI or otitis media. This was also the case for children without respiratory diseases before 6 months aOR 1.08 (95%CI 1.02–1.15). Conclusion Baby swimming may be related to later wheeze. However, these findings warrant further investigation.

Nystad, Wenche; Haberg, Siri E.; London, Stephanie J; Nafstad, Per; Magnus, Per

2010-01-01

96

7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319.56-48...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby squash (Curcurbita maxima ...into the continental United States from Zambia only under the conditions...

2009-01-01

97

7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319.56-48...of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby squash (Curcurbita maxima ...into the continental United States from Zambia only under the conditions...

2010-01-01

98

Breastfeeding status and marketing practices of baby food manufactured in nursing homes.  

PubMed

In January 1993 in Kanpur, India, a survey of 7 private nursing homes revealed that infant formula was given to most newborns (52.4%). The most common brands included Lactogen-I, Milk Care, Raptakos, Dexolac Special Care, and Lactodex. Staff at 5 nursing homes gave prelacteal feeds (water, glucose water, and infant formula) to newborns when they were separated from their mothers. Staff at only 2 nursing homes gave the newborn to the mother immediately after delivery. The longest period between delivery and giving the newborn to the mother was 24 hours. All but one of the nursing homes did not know about the government policy and the recent bill that bars free or low-cost infant formula supplies to hospitals. The administration of the nursing homes did not inform the procurement department, in writing, of the government policy. 4 nursing homes bought low-cost supplies of infant formula from the companies. The companies sold the infant formula to the nursing homes at a price 48.3% to 86.7% lower than the market price. Medical stores inside or outside the nursing homes sold the infant formula to parents at the other 3 homes. The nursing homes used, on average, 2-50 kg/month. Nestle (Lactogen-I) and Dalmia Industries (Milk Care) had a monopoly in infant formula in 4 and 3 nursing homes, respectively. Infant formula was in stock in 5 nursing homes. None of the nursing homes gave mothers free or low-cost infant formula at discharge. Lower than market price and increased number of calls to the hospitals and physicians by company personnel were marketing techniques used by the manufacturers to maintain market share. These results show that, despite government policy and the bill, hospitals continue to use infant formula. The government should use the mass media to increase awareness about its policy on infant foods and the concept of the Baby Friendly Hospital. PMID:8039859

Mathur, G P; Pandey, P K; Mathur, S; Mishra, V K; Singh, K; Bhatt, O P; Loomba, R K; Luthra, C; Taneja, S; Kapoor, R

1993-11-01

99

Leucocyte Blood Picture in Ill Newborn Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serial blood leucocyte counts were made on 35 ill preterm and term babies during the first 28 days of life.Ill babies with no clinical or bacteriological evidence of infection showed no changes in the blood leucocytes during the neonatal period when compared with normal babies.The changes in the blood leucocytes in babies with proven or suspected bacterial infection were an

Marietta Xanthou

1972-01-01

100

Risks of Baby Walkers and Options for Prevention  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have reported fatal head injuries associated with baby walkers. Skull fractures and hospital admissions are significantly higher for infants who have received head injuries while using a walker. Thirty to 50% of infants regularly placed in walkers experience an accident or injury related to the device. Most injuries are minor cuts, abrasions and contusions. While there are many hazards, no benefits have been documented. The walkers do not help children learn to walk. Options for preventing injury including banning baby walkers, product design regulations, and public education about the risks. An outright ban would be difficult, because walkers are not considered inherently dangerous; they become so when parental supervision is lacking. Although design specifications will decrease some walker-related injuries, they will not prevent severe or fatal head injuries associated with falls down stairs. Public awareness of hazards from baby walkers and discouragement of their use are recommended preventive measures at this time.

Aziz, Alnoor; McIntyre, Lynn; Khazen, Roch

1985-01-01

101

Benign transient blueberry muffin baby.  

PubMed

In this case-report a case of severe fetal anemia of unknown origin is presented. Diagnosis of fetal anemia was made at 24 weeks of gestational age, when fetal ascites was identified. Doppler sonography of medium cerebral artery showed a high systolic speed velocity (ACM-PSV), of 65 cm/s (>1.55 MoM). This value predicts a severe fetal anemia. Funicolocentesis confirmed hyporegenerative anemia, low reticulocytosis and low erythroblastosis. A fetal transfusion was performed. At birth anemia was still present and the baby presented blueberry muffin and liver erythropoietic foci. The blueberry muffin morphology presents as non-blanching, blue-red macules or firm, dome-shaped papules (2-8 mm in diameter). The eruption is often generalized but favors the trunk, head, and neck. Infectious (Toxoplasmosis, Cytomegalovirus, Rubella, Herpes, Parvo, Coxackievirus, Ebstein Barr, Syphilis), hematologic (sferocytosis, alloimmunization, foeto-maternal transfusion), metabolic, neoplastic (congenital leukemia, neuroblastome, congenital rhabdomyosarcome) and systemic (histiocytosis, lupus) pathologies indicated until now as possible disease causes were excluded. In the first day of life the neonate received a RBC transfusion for anemia (Hb=5.1 g/dL; Hct 15,7% at birth), followed within 48-72 hours by rapid disappearance of the rash, that wasn't then histologically examined. During two weeks of hospitalization reticulocytes raised spontaneously from 0.8% to 3.17%. Until two years of age the auxologic and clinical course was regular and the child is now in good health conditions. Due to the absence of systematic disease and the complete regression, no exact diagnosis and prognosis could be established in this case. PMID:20467386

Bagna, R; Bertino, E; Rovelli, I; Peila, C; Giuliani, F; Occhi, L; Mensa, M; Mazzone, R; Saracco, P; Fabris, C

2010-06-01

102

Your baby and the flu  

MedlinePLUS

... the flu; Your infant and the flu; Your toddler and the flu ... FLU SYMPTOMS IN INFANTS AND TODDLERS The flu is an infection of the nose, throat, and (sometimes) lungs. If your baby shows any of the following signs, ...

103

[Orthopaedic relevance of baby carrying].  

PubMed

Recently, various ways of carrying a baby have become popular again. Different methods and options of infant carrying are largely influenced by current fashion trends. The term of baby carrying refers to carrying the infant close to the caregiver's body with special devices, which aid attachment parenting. The authors often face the question in the pediatric orthopedic clinic: what kind of carrying method to recommend to the parents. In this article the authors briefly present the different means of carrying devices and they review the literature regarding orthopedic consequences of baby carrying. For the healthy development of a child, position and correct support of the hips and the spine are essential, whereas the carrier's spinal protection is also an important aspect. After reviewing the literature, the authors conclude that baby carrying with an adequate device has advantages from orthopaedic point of view. PMID:23876614

Szeverényi, Csenge; Varga, Marcell

2013-07-28

104

Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs  

MedlinePLUS

... plastic slots or indentations that can hold soap, shampoo, and other cleaning supplies. A plug at the ... your baby's bathing supplies ahead of time, including shampoo, soap, washcloth, towel, clean clothes, and a clean ...

105

Quantum entanglement of baby universes  

SciTech Connect

We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

Essman, Eric P.; Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

2006-12-07

106

A cosmopolitan study on birthweights of Nigerian babies in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken at the Lagos Island Maternity Hospital between the 1st of March and 30th of June, 1986. 510 Nigerian mothers and their 525 live babies were involved, the main findings being as follows:The mean birthweight of the 525 babies in this study was 3.083 ± 0.526 kg. There were 13 twins and one set of triplets, their

R. O. ABIDOYE; P. N. MOMAH

1990-01-01

107

Hostile Versus Friendly Takeovers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper analyzes the optimal decision of a raider who can choose between a hostile and a friendly takeover. Empirical evidence shows that the transaction costs of a hostile takeover are much higher than those of a friendly one. The question therefore arises why a raider should ever wish to engage in a hostile takeover. The central argument of the

Monika Schnitzer

108

True Friends, True Selves  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is it to be or to have a true friend? Views on this question within the history of philosophy appear to differ. Aristotle suggests that friendship of the best kind, arguably that which best approximates the notion of true friendship, is a relationship in which friends love one another for their own sakes and regard one another as second

Sandra Lynch

2006-01-01

109

Analysis of causes that led to baby Jackie Ray's developmental delay and intracranial bleeding  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 3 month-old black male infant had a seizure and his mother took him to the hospital for examination. The baby was examined at the ER and no signs of trauma were identified. A CT scan exam of his head performed at 1.25 hours following his admission to the hospital (FAH) showed only a small area of bleeding in the

Mohammed Ali Al-Bayati

110

Why We Don't Talk "Baby Talk" to Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The speech of 26 mothers to their infants at an early age was compared with their speech to them 2 years later. Results show that speech to infants was different from so-called "baby-talk," and that speech to them was shorter, more limited, and more repetitive than speech to language-learning children. (PJM)|

Kaye, Kenneth

1980-01-01

111

Do Babies Matter (Part II)? Closing the Baby Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Even though women make up nearly half of the PhD population, they are not advancing at the same rate as men to the upper ranks of the professoriate; many are dropping out of the race. Our first "Do Babies Matter?" article, published in the November-December 2002 issue of Academe, examined the effect of family formation on academic careers. It was…

Mason, Mary Ann; Goulden, Marc

2004-01-01

112

Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome)  

MedlinePLUS

... Education Preventing AHT Abusive head trauma/inflicted traumatic brain injury — also called shaken baby/shaken impact syndrome (or ... these children may be shaken again, worsening any brain injury or damage. If shaken baby syndrome is suspected, ...

113

7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43 Section... § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a) Immature, dehusked...consignments only. (b) Immature âbabyâ carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp....

2013-01-01

114

Understanding How Babies Build Language Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language is a great communication system. Through language, humans can express logical reasoning, grief, happiness, wishes, descriptions, and a rich array of feelings and ideas. Every baby deserves the gift of language power! In this article, the author discusses how babies build language skills and presents activities to help babies build…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

115

Babies, Toddlers and the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

2001-01-01

116

Care of the Migrant Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

117

Which inotrope for which baby?  

PubMed Central

While we know a lot about blood pressure (BP) responses to various inotropes and a bit about systemic and organ blood flow responses, we know almost nothing about how different inotropes affect clinical outcomes. Low systemic blood flow (SBF) is common in the first 24?h after birth in very preterm babies (and more mature babies with severe respiratory problems) and is not always reflected by low BP. The causes of this low SBF are complex but may relate to maladaptation to high extrauterine systemic (and sometimes pulmonary) vascular resistance. After day 1, hypotensive babies are more likely to have normal or high SBF reflecting vasodilatation. Empirically, inotropes that reduce afterload (such as dobutamine) may be more appropriate in the transitional period, while those with more vasoconstrictor actions (such as dopamine) may be more appropriate later on. Defining the haemodynamic in an individual baby needs both BP and echocardiographic measures of SBF. Research in this area needs to move beyond just demonstrating changes in physiological variables to showing improvements in important clinical outcomes.

Evans, N

2006-01-01

118

Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2010-01-01

119

The Baby Boomers' Intergenerational Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three…

Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

2012-01-01

120

Babies, Toddlers and the Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

2001-01-01

121

Value priorities and their relations with quality of life in the Baby Boomer generation of Lithuanian nurses: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background The understanding of the values of nurses is especially important, since nurses constitute 80% of workforce in the healthcare system in Lithuania. In addition to that, nursing is one of the major constituents of healthcare. The aim of this study was to determine what values predominate in the cohort of Baby Boomer nurses, and to evaluate the relation of these values with quality of life using M. Rokeach's terminal and instrumental values scale. M.Rokeach distinguished terminal values (such as world peace, wisdom, and happiness), which are preferred end-states of existence, and instrumental values (such as responsibility and cooperation), which are preferred modes of conduct. Methods We performed a representative anonymous questionnaire-based inquiry of nurses working in regional hospitals of Lithuania. The nurses who participated in the study were distributed into four work cohorts: the Veterans, the Baby Boomers, the Generation Xers, and the Generation Nexters. The majority of the nurses belonged to the Baby Boomers and the Generation Xers cohorts. Since in Lithuania, like in the whole Europe, the representatives of the Baby Boomers generation are predominating among working people, we selected this cohort (N = 387) for the analysis. The survey data was processed using the SPSS statistical software package Results The main values in life were family security, tranquility, and a sense of accomplishment. However, such values as true friendship, equality, and pleasurable and leisured life were seen as rather insignificant. The most important instrumental values were honesty, skillfulness, and responsibility. Our study showed a statistically significant (albeit weak) correlation between the QOL and terminal values such as the sense of accomplishment, tranquility, equality, and pleasure, as well as the instrumental value – obedience. We detected a statistically significant relationship between good QOL and satisfaction with oneself, relationships with the surrounding people, and friends' support. Conclusion The findings of our study showed that, although Lithuania was under a totalitarian regime for 50 years, both the terminal and the instrumental values of the Baby Boomers generation are very similar to those of the same generation in other countries.

Blazeviciene, Aurelija; Jakusovaite, Irayda

2007-01-01

122

Parents' first moments with their very preterm babies: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess parents’ first experiences of their very preterm babies and the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Design Qualitative study using semistructured interviews. Participants 32 mothers and 7 fathers of very preterm babies (<32?weeks gestation). Setting Three neonatal units in tertiary care hospitals in South East England. Results Five themes were identified. The first describes parents’ blurred recall of the birth. The second shows the anticipation of seeing and touching their baby for the first time was characterised by contrasting emotions, with some parents feeling scared and others excited about the event. The third theme describes parents’ first sight and touch of their babies and their ‘rollercoaster’ of emotions during this time. It also highlights the importance of touch to trigger and strengthen the parent–baby bond. However, some parents were worried that touching or holding the baby might transmit infection or interfere with care. The fourth theme captures parents’ impressions of NICU and how overwhelming this was particularly for parents who had not toured NICU beforehand or whose first sight of their baby was on NICU. The final theme captures unique experiences of fathers, in particular that many felt excluded and confused about their role. Conclusions This study informs family-centred care by providing insight into the experiences of parents of very preterm infants at a time when they are most in need of support. Clinical implications include the importance of offering parents preparatory tours of the NICU and including fathers.

Arnold, Leah; Sawyer, Alexandra; Rabe, Heike; Abbott, Jane; Gyte, Gillian; Duley, Lelia; Ayers, Susan

2013-01-01

123

Critique of Bramel and Friend  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on D. Bramel and R. Friend’s reexamination of the Hawthorne studies of industrial workers and on subsequent interpretations of these studies, particularly those by E. Mayo and G. F. Lombard (1943). Bramel and Friend’s Marxist perspective is criticized as illogical and based solely on invalid inference. (8 ref)

Edwin A. Locke

1982-01-01

124

Wormholes, baby universes, and causality  

SciTech Connect

In this paper wormholes defined on a Minkowski signature manifold are considered, both at the classical and quantum levels. It is argued that causality in quantum gravity may best be imposed by restricting the functional integral to include only causal Lorentzian spacetimes. Subject to this assumption, one can put very tight constraints on the quantum behavior of wormholes, their cousins the baby universes, and topology-changing processes in general. Even though topology-changing processes are tightly constrained, this still allows very interesting geometrical (rather than topological) effects. In particular, the laboratory construction of baby universes is {ital not} prohibited provided that the umbilical cord'' is never cut. Methods for relaxing these causality constraints are also discussed.

Visser, M. (Theoretical Division, T-8, Mail Stop B-285, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (US))

1990-02-15

125

Universal acquired melanosis: carbon baby.  

PubMed

We report a 3-year-old boy born with light brown skin that progressively became much darker. The color change was insidious in onset at the age of 3 months, asymptomatic, and progressive involving the entire body surface. Hyperpigmentation may be congenital or acquired, hereditary or nonhereditary, localized or universal, of known or unknown origin. Universal acquired melanosis is a rare form of hyperpigmentation, which has been synonymously referred to as ''carbon baby.'' PMID:24010507

Niiyama, Shiro; Bando, Yuki; Ishii, Masahiro; Katsuoka, Kensei

2013-07-14

126

Trauma and the wise baby.  

PubMed

This paper expands upon Ferenczi's concept of the wise baby and explores the dynamics of ignorance and compensatory ideals of wisdom as reactions to trauma and as manifestations of "double conscience," shame dynamics and Oedipal shame. Focusing on feelings of ignorance, of knowing and not knowing and their relation to trauma, the author elaborates on the dynamics of fantasies of wisdom, adumbrating implications for psychoanalytic technique. PMID:21818096

Kilborne, Benjamin

2011-09-01

127

Quantum entanglement of baby universes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi–Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th\\/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be

Mina Aganagic; Takuya Okuda; Hirosi Ooguri

2007-01-01

128

Baby walker-related injuries.  

PubMed

A retrospective review of charts of patients with baby walker-related injuries presenting to a large urban emergency room over a 23-month period was undertaken. Ninety-seven percent of the children sustained injuries to their head or face. Sixty-eight percent of the injuries were the result of falling down steps. Twenty-two percent of the injuries required surgical or dental evaluation in addition to pediatric evaluation. PMID:6692642

Wellman, S; Paulson, J A

1984-02-01

129

Gauged BPS baby Skyrme model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. In the limit where the term quadratic in derivatives (the “sigma-model term”) vanishes, some additional structure emerges. The resulting (“extreme” or “restricted” or “BPS”) baby Skyrme model has exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this restricted model. Further, the restricted model has infinitely many symmetries and infinitely many conservation laws. Here we consider the gauged version of the restricted baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term for the gauge field. We find that, again, there exists a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. We further find that the whole problem is essentially determined by a new kind of superpotential equation. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a solution which exists globally, i.e., on the whole target space. We also calculate soliton solutions both exactly and numerically, completely confirming our qualitative analytical results.

Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

2012-08-01

130

Baby universes in string theory  

SciTech Connect

We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2006-03-15

131

Baby P: déjŕ vu or distinctive?  

PubMed

As in the case of Victoria Climbié, the case of Baby P triggered national outrage and widespread reforms to the child protection system in England. But the Baby P case is unique in several key ways. The context and differentiating elements of the Baby P case are explored, as is the public, political and media reaction, the use of new technologies, the main recommendations of the Laming report that followed it, and the role played by New Labour. PMID:20120878

de Braal, Bernice

2009-01-01

132

Intussusception following a baby walker injury.  

PubMed

Serious abdominal injury as a result of a fall in a baby walker has not been previously reported. We present the case of a 13-month-old boy who developed intussusception following a fall down five stairs in a baby walker. Attempted hydrostatic reduction was unsuccessful. At operation, a bowel wall hematoma, serving as a lead point, was identified. This case adds another type of injury to the list of those previously associated with baby walker use. PMID:10195485

Conners, G P; Weber, C E; Emmens, R W

133

Limitations of child injury data from the CPSC's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System: the case of baby walker related data.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The US Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) is a primary source for children's consumer product injury surveillance data in the US. Differing interpretations of the emergency department based NEISS baby walker data by various parties prompted this detailed examination, reclassification, and analysis of the NEISS data to explain these discrepancies. METHODS: Case selection was performed by searching the NEISS 1982-91 database for the baby walker product code and various text strings for children less than 24 months old. False negative and false positive cases were identified and reclassified. Adjusted population rates were computed and the types and locations of hospitals contributing to the sample were examined. RESULTS: One per cent false positive and 4% false negative misclassification rates were observed. In 1991, two children's hospitals reported 14% of the baby walker related injuries, though these hospitals made up just 2% of the sample frame. Through random allocation, one state currently contains four acute care hospitals and the only two children's hospitals reporting to the NEISS system. These six hospitals contributed 18% of the walker cases whereas the state represents only 3% of the US infant population. CONCLUSIONS: Misclassification in NEISS baby walker reports is minimal, with false negatives outweighing false positives. For trend analysis of product related injuries at the frequency of occurrence observed for baby walkers, NEISS suffers from low sensitivity due to sampling error. For children's injuries, NEISS' estimates have been affected by children's hospitals coming in and out of the sample and currently reflects a random geographic imbalance because one state contributes both of the reporting children's hospitals. To overcome these problems improved multiple product coding, a unique baby walker code, and stratification of children's hospitals in an enlarged NEISS sample is recommended.

Weiss, H. B.

1996-01-01

134

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY BIOBASED LUBRICANTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The search for environmentally friendly materials that have the potential to substitute for mineral oil in various industrial applications is currently being considered a top priority research topic in the fuel and energy sector. This emphasis is largely due to the rapid depletion of world fossil f...

135

Learning to Be Friends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interview with Dr. Sol Gordon, a widely recognized authority on sex education, offers suggestions to parents on helping their handicapped children develop peer relationships, including helping children make friends, discussing sexuality with their children, and leading a satisfactory personal and family life. (Author/CB)

Exceptional Parent, 1987

1987-01-01

136

In Canada: Friendly Fire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of Canada's more frequently quoted political malapropisms is attributed to Robert Thompson, who sternly reminded his fellow parliamentarians in 1973 that "the Americans are our best friends, whether we like it or not." This cross-border friendship is partly expedient, partly geographic, partly genuine, sometimes one-sided, and almost always…

Robertson, Heather-jane

2004-01-01

137

Cyber Friendly Fire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF

Frank L. Greitzer; Thomas E. Carroll; Adam D. Roberts

2011-01-01

138

Nonverbal Communication in "Friends"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This activity uses video clips from a popular sitcom, "Friends," to help students grasp the relational, rule-governed, and culture-specific nature of nonverbal communication. It opens students' eyes to nonverbal behaviors that are happening on a daily basis so that they not only master the knowledge but are able to apply it. While other popular…

Chang, Yanrong

2006-01-01

139

Why Your Friends Have More Friends Than You Do  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\\\textless}p{\\\\textgreater}It} is reasonable to suppose that individuals use the number of firends that their friends have as one basis for determining whether they, themselves, have an adequate number of friends. This article shows that, if individuals compare themselves with their friends, it is likely that most of them will feel relatively inadequate. Data on friendship drawn from James Coleman's (1961)

Scott L. Feld

1991-01-01

140

Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry  

MedlinePLUS

... Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby ... do people get Salmonella infections from live baby poultry? Large/Text Version Live poultry may have Salmonella ...

141

Methadone as a chemical weapon: two fatal cases involving babies.  

PubMed

Methadone is largely used for the substitution management of opiate-dependent individuals but can also be easily found on the black market. The first cases involving repetitive sedation linked to the use of methadone and subsequent death of 2 babies are reported. At the autopsy, no particular morphologic changes were noted except for pulmonary and visceral congestion. There was no evidence of violence, and the pathologist in both cases found no needle marks. Toxicological analyses, as achieved by GC/MS, demonstrated both recent and repetitive methadone exposure. In case 1, a 14-month-old girl was found dead at home. Blood concentrations were 1071 and 148 ng/mL for methadone and EDDP, respectively. Hair (6 cm) tested positive at 1.91 and 0.82 ng/mg for methadone and EDDP, respectively. In case 2, a 5-month-old girl was taken to hospital in a pediatric unit for coma. Antemortem blood analysis demonstrated methadone exposure (142 ng/mL), and the baby was declared dead 12 days after admission. Hair analysis (5 cm) by segmentation was positive for methadone in the range 1.0 (root) to 21.3 ng/mg (end). The death of the babies was attributed to accidental asphyxia ina situation where methadone was considered as a chemical weapon. The mothers, who were the perpetrators in both cases, did not deny the use of methadone as a sedative drug. PMID:16404812

Kintz, Pascal; Villain, Marion; Dumestre-Toulet, Véronique; Capolaghi, Bernard; Cirimele, Vincent

2005-12-01

142

Congenital hydrocephalus in an Egyptian baby with trisomy 18: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Trisomy 18 is the second most common autosomal trisomy after Down syndrome (trisomy 21). A variety of anomalies of the central nervous system are observed in cases of trisomy 18. The association between trisomy 18 and congenital hydrocephalus is very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-month-old male Egyptian baby boy was referred to Assiut University hospital for evaluation of his

Kotb A Metwalley; Hekma S Farghalley; Alaa A Abd-Elsayed

2009-01-01

143

Providing Free Samples of Baby Items to Newly Delivered ParentsAn Unintentional Endorsement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have suggested that providing free sample packs of baby items to newly delivered parents may adversely influence parental health behavior. To determine the extent of this practice in Virginia, the head nurses of all 68 newborn nurseries and a random sample of 200 pediatricians were surveyed. Formula samples were being distributed at all hospitals. Formula packs were given

Gregory F. Hayden; George A. Nowacek; William Koch; John Kattwinkel

1987-01-01

144

The transition to home for mothers of healthy and initially ill newborn babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mothers' difficulties with the transition of their baby from hospital to home have been studied for several years. An examination of a number of studies from the USA, Canada, and the UK has shown a remarkable similarity in the findings despite the demographic and cultural differences in the sample characteristics. It appears, then, that maternal responses to the transition to

Kathleen Spiering

1995-01-01

145

Prediabetes and the big baby.  

PubMed

The concept of prediabetes has come to the fore again with the worldwide epidemic of Type 2 diabetes. The careful observations of W. P. U. Jackson and his colleagues in Cape Town, South Africa 50 years ago still deserve attention. Maternal hyperglycaemia cannot be the only cause of fetal macrosomia, and the pathophysiological reason for the unexplained stillbirth in late diabetic pregnancy still eludes us. The biochemical concepts of 'facilitated anabolism' and 'accelerated starvation' were developed by Freinkel as explanations of the protective mechanisms for the baby during the stresses of pregnancy. Some of these nutritional stresses may also occur in the particular form of early childhood malnutrition known in Africa as kwashiorkor, where subcutaneous fat deposition, carbohydrate intolerance, islet hyperplasia and sudden death may follow a period of excess carbohydrate and deficient protein intake. Different feeding practices in different parts of the world make comparisons uncertain, but there is evidence for insulin resistance in both the macrosomic fetus of the hyperglycaemic mother and in the child with established kwashiorkor. These adaptive changes in early development may play both a physiological and a pathological role. Worldwide studies of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy are gradually establishing acceptable diagnostic criteria, appropriate screening procedures and an evidence base for treatment. Nevertheless the challenge of prediabetes and the big baby is still with us--in Jackson's words--'diabetes mellitus is a fascinating condition-the more we know about it the less we understand it'. PMID:18199127

Hadden, D R

2008-01-01

146

Teen Moms and Babies Benefit from Camping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes nine-day residential camp for Michigan teenage mothers/babies to enhance personal growth and develop responsible social skills. Outlines goals, pre-camp planning, staff, activities, evaluation. Reports 31 teen moms (ages 13-21) and 35 babies attended in 1986. Indicates participants were in therapy, experienced abuse, had low self-esteem,…

Goode, Marsha; Broesamle, Barbara

1987-01-01

147

Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

2011-01-01

148

Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2004-01-01

149

Rich Responses Help Babies Learn and Thrive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reminds infant care teachers of the ways thoughtful interactions between adults and very young children teach babies and toddlers who they are as individuals. "When teachers take the time to respond respectfully and thoughtfully, babies and young children learn and thrive."|

Gillespie, Linda; Parlakian, Rebecca

2009-01-01

150

Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

Baird, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

151

Nutritional Quality of Commercial Fruit Baby Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial fruit baby food is a preserved fruit product usually made with fruit purees, sugar, water and variable additives (thickening agents, antioxidants, etc.). As the foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, baby foods for infants and young children conforms to a set of strict guidelines e.g. maximum levels for pesticide residues, microbiological contamination, addition of additives, labelling, etc. However, being

H. ?ížko Vá; R. Še; A. RAJCHl; M. Vold?

152

Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis in Newborn Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: Assessment of fluid and electrolyte properly in neonate is very important but difficult. Fluid and electrolyte homeostasis during this period depends on some factors notably gestational age of baby, its postnatal age, pathological conditions and environmental situation. In fetus, water and electrolytes is constantly supplied from mother, which is cut-off by delivery of the baby. Extra- cellular fluid volume

Jagadish C Das

2008-01-01

153

Binocular Fixation in the Newborn Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three experiments are reported in which 15 babies were presented with visual stimuli which varied in shape and distance from the eye. Results indicated that the majority of subjects binocularly fixated all three stimuli and it was concluded that the newborn baby has the basic requirements for binocular vision. (Author/GO)|

Slater, Alan M.; Findlay, John M.

1975-01-01

154

Shaken Baby Syndrome Diagnosis On Shaky Ground  

Microsoft Academic Search

An epidemic of accusations against parents and baby sitters of Shaken Baby Syndrome is sweeping the developed world. The United States and the United Kingdom are in the forefront of such questionable practice. Brain (mainly subdural, less often subarachnoid) and retinal haemorrhages, retinal detachments, and rib and other bone 'fractures' are considered pathognomic. However, the reality of these injuries is

Viera Scheibner

2001-01-01

155

Libraries Are for Babies, Too! [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This video, produced and shot in Maine libraries, provides a tour of five different approaches to library services for babies. Highlights include: "Finger Fun for Babies" at the Portland Public Library; "Small Is Beautiful" at the Wells Library; unique outreach activities sponsored by the Casco Library and Warren Library in Westbrook; and a…

American Library Association Video/Library Video Network, Towson, MD.

156

Welcoming a New Baby into Your Family  

MedlinePLUS

Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family KidsHealth > Kids > Feelings > My Home & Family > Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family Print A A A ... Home If you're going to have a new brother or sister, you'll want to know ...

157

Telephone provides "instant friend".  

PubMed

The operation and function of the Dial A Friend program in Manila, Philippines, is described. The program aims to provide a friend to talk to about your problems. For the neophyte counselor, there is the reward of knowing you have been able to help someone and the confidence boost of being able to have a positive impact. For the caller, there is help for questions ranging from relationships with families or boy and girl friends, anxieties, to contraception. All calls are anonymous, and may originate from pay phones or homes when parents are away. Conversations may never have occurred between best friends. Confidentiality is assures, particularly from families. The assurance of privacy creates an atmosphere that encourages trust and a comfortable rapport. There can be no ridicule when identity is protected. A major emphasis is on promotion of pregnancy prevention, and on understanding the consequences of pregnancy. There is referral to those already pregnant, and encouragement to tell parents of the situation. Abortion is still illegal in the Philippines, and not recommended as a solution. An AIDS hotline is the referral for sexually transmitted diseases. Callers find that having someone listening to the problems creates a friendship and sense of not being along or of having an abnormal problem. A nonjudgemental manner is used and appreciated by callers. Most of the callers are females (7 out of 10) aged 13-19 years old. Calls come from students in Manila or even from other provinces. The program is advertised in the schools through lectures and in the city by artist's promotions on television, radio, and printed media. There are return calls thanking Dial A Fried for making a difference in their lives. PMID:12287150

Aguilar, R

1993-10-01

158

Environmentally friendly polysilane photoresists  

SciTech Connect

Several novel polysilanes synthesized by the free-radical hydrosilation of oligomeric polyphenylsilane or poly(p-tert- butylphenylsilane) were examined for lithographic behavior. This recently developed route into substituted polysilanes has allowed for the rational design of a variety of polysilanes with a typical chemical properties such as alcohol and aqueous base solubility. Many of the polysilane resists made could be developed in aqueous sodium carbonate and bicarbonate solutions. These materials represent environmentally friendly polysilane resists in both their synthesis and processing.

Beach, J.V.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hsiao, Yu-Ling; Waymouth, R.M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1995-12-31

159

Facebook friends\\/fiends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Just when everyone was becoming comfortable with the pit-falls of email and the Internet along came social networking sites such as MySpace, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter to keep schools in a constant state of anxiety. Teachers are rapidly discovering that etherspace is a jungle where common sense is their only protection and not everyone on Facebook is their friend. Anything

Glen Seidel

2009-01-01

160

Vigilant watching over: mothers' actions to safeguard their premature babies in the newborn intensive care nursery.  

PubMed

The critical ethnography described in this article explored how a diverse group of 12 mothers describe and interpret their experience of having a hospitalized premature baby, including the mothers' actions in a newborn intensive care unit (NICU) and conditions affecting their descriptions, interpretations, and actions throughout 448 hours of participant observation. A central feature of their experience encompassed a repertoire of actions to vigilantly watch over their babies in the NICU. The results of this study suggest that health care providers often interpreted mothers' actions differently than intended, which creates barriers to achieving family-centered care in the NICU. PMID:11785577

Hurst, I

2001-12-01

161

Delaying the Bath and In-Hospital Breastfeeding Rates.  

PubMed

Abstract Background and Objective: Until 2010, newborns at our institution were bathed in the nursery at approximately 2 hours of life. In May 2010, infant baths were delayed until at least 12 hours of life. Infants are now bathed in the hospital room with parents' participation and are placed skin-to-skin immediately after the bath. This study explored whether delaying the newborn's first bath correlates with increased in-hospital breastfeeding rates at our Baby-Friendly, urban safety-net hospital. Subjects and Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review comparing in-hospital breastfeeding rates during the 6 months before and the 6 months after the bath was delayed. Results: Of the infants, 702 met inclusion criteria. Before the bath was delayed, infants were bathed at an average of 2.4 hours of life. Afterward, infants were bathed at an average of 13.5 hours of life. In-hospital exclusive breastfeeding rates increased from 32.7% to 40.2% (p<0.05) after the bath was delayed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that infants born after implementation of delayed bathing had odds of exclusive breastfeeding 39% greater than infants born prior to the intervention (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02, 1.91) and 59% greater odds of near-exclusive breastfeeding (AOR=1.59; 95% CI 1.18, 2.15). The odds of breastfeeding initiation were 166% greater for infants born after the intervention than for infants born before the intervention (AOR=2.66; 95% CI 1.29, 5.46). Conclusions: In our cohort, a delayed newborn bath was associated with increased likelihood of breastfeeding initiation and with increased in-hospital breastfeeding rates. PMID:23635002

Preer, Genevieve; Pisegna, Jessica M; Cook, John T; Henri, Anne-Marie; Philipp, Barbara L

2013-05-01

162

Babies, television and videos: How did we get here?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies’ use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous role

Ellen Wartella; Rebekah A. Richert; Michael B. Robb

2010-01-01

163

Babies, Television and Videos: How Did We Get Here?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies' use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous…

Wartella, Ellen; Richert, Rebekah A.; Robb, Michael B.

2010-01-01

164

The Australian Baby Bonus Maternity Payment and Birth Characteristics in Western Australia  

PubMed Central

Background The Australian baby bonus maternity payment introduced in 2004 has been reported to have successfully increased fertility rates in Australia. We aimed to investigate the influence of the baby bonus on maternal demographics and birth characteristics in Western Australia (WA). Methods and Findings This study included 200,659 birth admissions from WA during 2001–2008, identified from administrative birth and hospital data-systems held by the WA Department of Health. We estimated average quarterly birth rates after the baby bonus introduction and compared them with expected rates had the policy not occurred. Rate and percentage differences (including 95% confidence intervals) were estimated separately by maternal demographics and birth characteristics. WA birth rates increased by 12.8% following the baby bonus implementation with the greatest increase being in mothers aged 20–24 years (26.3%, 95%CI?=?22.0,30.6), mothers having their third (1.6%, 95%CI?=?0.9,2.4) or fourth child (2.2%, 95%CI?=?2.1,2.4), mothers living in outer regional and remote areas (32.4%, 95%CI?=?30.2,34.6), mothers giving birth as public patients (1.5%, 95%CI?=?1.3,1.8), and mothers giving birth in public hospitals (3.5%, 95%CI?=?2.6,4.5). Interestingly, births to private patients (?4.3%, 95%CI?=??4.8,?3.7) and births in private hospitals (?6.3%, 95%CI?=??6.8,?5.8) decreased following the policy implementation. Conclusions The introduction of the baby bonus maternity payment may have served as an incentive for women in their early twenties and mothers having their third or fourth child and may have contributed to the ongoing pressure and staff shortages in Australian public hospitals, particularly those in outer regional and remote areas.

Einarsdottir, Kristjana; Langridge, Amanda; Hammond, Geoffrey; Gunnell, Anthony S.; Haggar, Fatima A.; Stanley, Fiona J.

2012-01-01

165

Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers  

MedlinePLUS

... Centers Broken Bones & Injuries Diseases & Conditions Arthritis Tumors Sports Injuries & Prevention Children Health & Safety Treatment Treatments & Surgeries ... Resources Copyright 2011 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers While there may ...

166

Baby Boomer Retirement Planning: Whose Responsibility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over 75 million baby boomers expect to begin retiring in the next five years. In response to this impending retirement wave, researchers and policymakers have begun sounding the alarm about the inadequacy of traditional retirement income sources--personal...

1994-01-01

167

Surrogate Motherhood II: Reflections after "Baby M."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the "Baby M" surrogate motherhood case which has produced heated debate in popular media, legal publications, and other professional journals. Summarizes arguments offered and reasoning behind actions of judiciary. (Author/ABL)|

Schwartz, Lita Linzer

1988-01-01

168

Babies Spitting Up - Normal in Most Cases  

MedlinePLUS

... Blood & Biologics Babies Spitting Up—Normal in Most Cases Search the Consumer Updates Section Get Consumer Updates ... frequent spitting up is absolutely normal in most cases and not a symptom of poor health. As ...

169

A minority report: teaching fathers baby massage.  

PubMed

Infant or baby massage has emerged in the recent decade as an activity promoted by health care professionals, popular with parents and the subject of a growing body of research evidence (Complement. Ther. Nurs. Midwifery 2 (1996) 151; 3 & 8 Tough Ther. 2000). This paper reports on the experience of establishing and facilitating baby massage training. There is a focus in the discussion on teaching fathers, as only one male parent attended the classes over a 6-month period. Recommendations are made in the conclusion, identifying possible ways of promoting fathers involvement in babies massage. The paper, with its images of a father engaged in baby massage, is intended to add to the current limited amount of literature available on this subject. PMID:12852931

Mackereth, Peter A

2003-08-01

170

Questions Parents Ask about Baby Shots  

MedlinePLUS

... Doses cannot be given too close together or immunity doesn’t have time to build up. On ... baby against these diseases? No. Breastfeeding offers temporary immunity against some minor infections like colds, but it ...

171

Will Stress during Pregnancy Affect My Baby?  

MedlinePLUS

... provider during your prenatal visits. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Pregnancy PTSD is a more serious type of stress that can negatively affect your baby. PTSD occurs when you have problems after seeing or ...

172

[Natural, normal, and friendly, childbirth: homonymous terms].  

PubMed

This qualitative investigation discusses homonymy of the terms natural, normal, and friendly childbirth and their effects on childbirth care. Under the perspective of the contemporary cultural theories and gender studies, the Program for Humanizing labor and delivery are analyzed, based on the contents of semi-structured interviews with physicians and nurses of a training hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. This article highlights and explores convergences, ambiguities, overlaps, and conflicts among these three delivery types, indicating polysemies, and blurring of boundaries among terms and inside each term, which influence care. PMID:17907643

Dutra, Ivete Lourdes; Meyer, Dagmar Estermann

2007-06-01

173

[Collodion baby and respiratory distress syndrome].  

PubMed

The congenital ichthyosis appears mainly in the form of collodion baby. This one can be suspected in case of polyhydramnios associated with a snowy aspect of the amniotic liquid in the antenatal echography. The reported four cases of collodion baby were premature children having presented a respiratory distress syndrome of variable gravity. The pulmonary disease was of multifactorial origin. The outcome was favorable for four children. PMID:21733637

Loumouamou, Y; Boumahni, B; Kauffmann, E; Randrianaivo, H; Jacquemont, M-L

2011-07-05

174

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020 is part of a research project at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. The project examines how women born between 1946 and 1964 (i.e., the Baby Boom) see paid work after the age of 65 and the ways in which public policy will affect this aging sector of the female workforce. The site offers information on its ongoing studies as well as a varied collection of links.

175

Parents' perceptions of taking babies' rectal temperature.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To explore the attitudes of parents to measuring their babies' rectal temperature. DESIGN--Qualitative study using unstructured interviews of parents given "Baby Check," a scoring system designed to assess severity of illness in babies that includes measurement of rectal temperature. SETTING--One inner city general practice in Newcastle upon Tyne. SUBJECTS--42 parents of 34 babies under 6 months old. RESULTS--Parents were reluctant to measure rectal temperature in their babies; 37 parents spontaneously raised concerns. Fifteen did not undertake measurement, 16 did so once only, and 11 did so more than once. Parents' concerns included a fear of hurting their child, anxieties about sexual intimacy and abuse, difficulty in comforting their child, and concern for their child's feelings. Most (33) substituted axillary measurement. CONCLUSIONS--Parents' preference for the axillary method of measuring temperature and resistance to using a rectal method in their children was based on several concerns. If parents are to be encouraged to use the rectal method of measuring temperature in sick babies any benefits must be set against the generation of considerable parental anxiety and the resources that would be necessary to negotiate with parents and change their views.

Kai, J

1993-01-01

176

The ART of marketing babies.  

PubMed

New legislation can be oppressive for a significant population depending upon the politics of its drafters. The current upsurge of the surrogacy trade in India, and the label of a "win-win" situation that it has acquired, points towards an unfettered commercialisation of assisted reproductive technology and the practice of surrogacy that is blinding its middle class users as well as providers, policy makers and law makers, and charging an imagination that is already caught up in spiralling consumerism. This paper analyses the Draft Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill and Rules, 2008, in the Indian socioeconomic context. It identifies the interests of the affected women, and examines the contradictions of the proposed Bill with their interests, as well as with current health and population policies, confining itself to the handling of surrogacy and not the entire content of the Bill. The bases of the analytical perspective used are: the context of poverty and the health needs of the Indian population; the need to locate surrogacy services within the overall public health service context and its epidemiological basis; the need to restrain direct human experimentation for the advancement of any technology; the use of safer methods; and, finally, the rights of surrogate mothers and their babies, in India, as opposed to the compulsion or dynamics of the medical market and reproductive tourism. PMID:22106569

Qadeer, Imrana

177

When to transfuse preterm babies  

PubMed Central

The physiological anaemia experienced by preterm babies is exacerbated by common care practices such as early clamping of the umbilical cord at birth and gradual exsanguination by phlebotomy for laboratory monitoring. The need for subsequent transfusion with red blood cells can be reduced by delaying cord clamping for 30–60 s in infants who do not require immediate resuscitation. The need for transfusions can be further reduced by limiting phlebotomy losses, providing good nutrition, and using standard guidelines for transfusion based on haemoglobin or haematocrit. What those guidelines should be is not clear. Analysis of two recent large clinical trials comparing restrictive and liberal transfusion guidelines leads to several conclusions. Restrictive transfusion guidelines may reduce the number of transfusions given, but there is no reduction in donor exposures if a single-donor transfusion programme is used. There is some evidence that more liberal transfusion guidelines may help to prevent brain injury, but information on the impact of transfusion practice on long-term outcome is lacking. Until further guidance emerges, transfusion thresholds lower than those used in the two trials should not be used, as there is no evidence that lower thresholds are safe.

Bell, EF

2009-01-01

178

My good friend Roe.  

PubMed

This essay opens with the author noting that she will be 26 years old in 1999, the same age as the US Supreme Court's decision in Roe vs. Wade but that this decision is threatened by renewed clinic violence and by attempts to limit reproductive choices for women. The women who fought for the right to have an abortion understood that unless they could decide what happened to their bodies, they would not be able to decide what happened in their lives. The right to a legal abortion is not safe, however. Fewer facilities are performing abortions today than 15 years age, and 86% of US counties (home to a third of US women) have no abortion providers. In Washington, DC, impoverished women cannot obtain elective abortions through Medicaid, and many abortion providers have been frightened by death threats issued by those who claim to protect life. The author notes that when she left an abortion clinic frightened and confused 5 years ago, two protesters promised to help her through her pregnancy and with her baby. The promises never materialized. The Roe decision needs support to continue to survive and to keep illegal abortion performed by "back-alley butchers" a thing of the past. PMID:12294576

White, S

1999-02-01

179

The Friend of Man  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many ways to understand the anti-slavery movements in the United States during the 19th century, and newspapers are but one of the key primary document types used by historians. Cornell University is fortunate enough to have a near complete run of the "Friend of Man" newspaper, which was published between 1836 and 1842. This very intriguing title allows curious visitors to learn about a group of people in central New York interested in "changing America" during this unique period. The paper documents the "regional interconnectedness of reform" throughout the region, with a focus on cities such as Utica, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany and New York City. Visitors to the site can browse through the various issues at their leisure and they can also perform a full-text search.

2012-04-20

180

Advanced Environment Friendly Nanotechnologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The economic, security, military and environmental implications of molecular manufacturing are extreme. Unfortunately, conflicting definitions of nanotechnology and blurry distinctions between significantly different fields have complicated the effort to understand those differences and to develop sensible, effective policy for each. The risks of today's nanoscale technologies cannot be treated the same as the risks of longer-term molecular manufacturing. It is a mistake to put them together in one basket for policy consideration — each is important to address, but they offer different problems and will require far different solutions. As used today, the term nanotechnology usually refers to a broad collection of mostly disconnected fields. Essentially, anything sufficiently small and interesting can be called nanotechnology. Much of it is harmless. For the rest, much of the harm is of familiar and limited quality. Molecular manufacturing, by contrast, will bring unfamiliar risks and new classes of problems. The advanced environment friendly nanotechnologies elaborated by Israel Company Polymate Ltd. — International Research Center are illustrated.

Figovsky, O.; Beilin, D.; Blank, N.

181

Supporting Members and Friends  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thank you! Over the past year, AGU has received 12,104 gifts, both large and small, from members and friends. The Union has also received corporate contributions, National Science Foundation grants, and support from the National Oceanographic Partnership Program and National Association of Geoscience Teachers. Together their generosity has benefited AGU non revenue producing programs that are critical to our science and the future health of the Union. The following list gratefully acknowledges annual gifts of $100 or more and cumulative giving of $5,000 or more. The 1919 Society ($100,000 or more) and Benefactors ($5,000-$99,999) recognize single major gifts and cumulative contributions. Three circles acknowledge annual giving: President's Circle ($1,000 or more), Leadership Circle ($200-$999), and Supporters Circle ($100-$199). Supporting Life Members, who contribute a one-time gift of $1,200 in addition to lifetime dues, are among our most loyal Supporters.

2005-10-01

182

Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of “baby signing” in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. “Baby signing” refers to the use of visual-gestural signs between hearing parents and their young hearing children with the goal of earlier and clearer communication, often

RICHARD P. M EIER

2007-01-01

183

Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of "baby signing" in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. Baby signing fits neatly into the parenting ideologies prevalent in the professional class in the United States that value early…

Pizer, Ginger; Walters, Keith; Meier, Richard P.

2007-01-01

184

Fathers & Babies: How Babies Grow and What They Need from You, from Birth to 18 Months.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides fathers with specific developmental theory and practical skills and advice concerning how babies grow and what they need from fathers from the time they are born until they turn 18 months. Each chapter provides information and theory on age appropriate play activities and specific information on a baby's growth and…

Marzollo, Jean

185

Towards automatic recommendation of friend lists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facebook access-control lists, called friend lists, are difficult to create manually. Previous work on automating these lists has used friend details entered by the user. Our approach automates them by merging virtual friend cliques using certain heuristics that determine if two virtual friend cliques correspond to a single actual friend clique. A small user study found that our lists were

Kelli Bacon; Prasun Dewan

2009-01-01

186

A Patient's Best Friend.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author describes the development of a pet therapy program at a rehabilitation unit of a hospital. She discusses documentation of the success of pet therapy programs, picking out the right pets, responsibilities of caring for the pet, training the pet, patient response, and program policies. (CT)|

Haggard, Ann

1985-01-01

187

Cyber Friendly Fire  

SciTech Connect

Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission effectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. Just as with combat friendly fire, a fundamental need in avoiding cyber FF is to maintain situation awareness (SA). We suggest that cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system (and that populate the nodes), the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive (and offensive) countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. A training implication is to raise awareness and understanding of these critical knowledge units; an approach to decision aids and/or visualizations is to focus on supporting these critical knowledge units. To study cyber FF, we developed an unclassified security test range comprising a combination of virtual and physical devices that present a closed network for testing, simulation, and evaluation. This network offers services found on a production network without the associated costs of a real production network. Containing enough detail to appear realistic, this virtual and physical environment can be customized to represent different configurations. For our purposes, the test range was configured to appear as an Internet-connected Managed Service Provider (MSP) offering specialized web applications to the general public. The network is essentially divided into a production component that hosts the web and network services, and a user component that hosts thirty employee workstations and other end devices. The organization's network is separated from the Internet by a Cisco ASA network security device that both firewalls and detects intrusions. Business sensitive information is stored in various servers. This includes data comprising thousands of internal documents, such as finance and technical designs, email messages for the organization's employees including the CEO, CFO, and CIO, the organization's source code, and Personally Identifiable client data. Release of any of this information to unauthorized parties would have a significant, detrimental impact on the organization's reputation, which would harm earnings. The valuable information stored in these servers pose obvious points of interest for an adversary. We constructed several scenarios around this environment to support studies in cyber SA and cyber FF that may be run in the test range. We describe mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches. Finally, we discuss possible future research directions.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.

2011-09-01

188

Neonatal death in babies with rhesus isoimmunization.  

PubMed

In the 27 years, 1951--1977, 4315 babies weighing over 1 kg were born alive in Newcastle suffering from haemolytic disease of the newborn due to Rhesus isoimmunization; 197 (4.5 per cent) died within four weeks of delivery. Many babies with severe anaemia (cord Hb less than or equal to 8 g/dl) died of cerebral and/or pulmonary haemorrhage as a result of coagulation failure; others with hydrops had a chance of recovery with intensive care as long as there was no associated pulmonary hypoplasia. Hyaline membrane disease was no more common in babies with haemolytic disease than in other preterm babies of comparable birthweight, but incorrect assessment of gestational age prior to the induction of labour increased the risk of death from hyaline membrane disease. The introduction of closed chest cardiac massage virtually eliminated the risk of sudden unexpected death during exchange transfusion but there was still a 1.5 per cent chance of sudden circulatory collapse during exchange transfusion. Affected babies of less than 36 weeks gestation with respiratory problems face a substantial risk of kernicterus when the indirect serum bilirubin level exceeds 270 mumol/l (15 mg/100 ml). The establishment of a single referral centre for Rhesus isoimmunization reduced neonatal mortality in the area to half the national average in the early 1950's and this superiority was maintained throughout the next decade. PMID:116300

Ellis, M I; Hey, E N; Walker, W

1979-04-01

189

Environmental friendly nitrogen fertilization.  

PubMed

With the huge intensification of agriculture and the increasing awareness to human health and natural resources sustainability, there was a shift towards the development of environmental friendly N application approaches that support sustainable use of land and sustain food production. The effectiveness of such approaches depends on their ability to synchronize plant nitrogen demand with its supply and the ability to apply favored compositions and dosages of N-species. They are also influenced by farming scale and its sophistication, and include the following key concepts: (i) Improved application modes such as split or localized ("depot") application; (ii) use of bio-amendments like nitrification and urease inhibitors and combinations of (i) and (ii); (iii) use of controlled and slow release fertilizers; (iv) Fertigation-fertilization via irrigation systems including fully automated and controlled systems; and (v) precision fertilization in large scale farming systems. The paper describes the approaches and their action mechanisms and examines their agronomic and environmental significance. The relevance of the approaches for different farming scales, levels of agronomic intensification and agro-technical sophistication is examined as well. PMID:20549448

Shaviv, Avi

2005-09-01

190

Environmental friendly nitrogen fertilization.  

PubMed

With the huge intensification of agriculture and the increasing awareness to human health and natural resources sustainability, there was a shift towards the development of environmental friendly N application approaches that support sustainable use of land and sustain food production. The effectiveness of such approaches depends on their ability to synchronize plant nitrogen demand with its supply and the ability to apply favored compositions and dosages of N-species. They are also influenced by farming scale and its sophistication, and include the following key concepts: (i) Improved application modes such as split or localized ("depot") application; (ii) use of bio-amendments like nitrification and urease inhibitors and combinations of (i) and (ii); (iii) use of controlled and slow release fertilizers; (iv) Fertigation-fertilization via irrigation systems including fully automated and controlled systems; and (v) precision fertilization in large scale farming systems. The paper describes the approaches and their action mechanisms and examines their agronomic and environmental significance. The relevance of the approaches for different farming scales, levels of agronomic intensification and agro-technical sophistication is examined as well. PMID:16512215

Shaviv, Avi

2005-12-01

191

Dementia risk factors for Australian baby boomers  

PubMed Central

Baby boomers are individuals born in the years 1946 to 1965. The objective of this paper was to define the risk factors for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and their relevance to Australian baby boomers, with the aim of providing evidence-based guidelines for dementia prevention. A series of PubMed searches (1994–2010) were conducted with relevant key words. Data was included from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in relation to baby boomers in Australia. Article titles and abstracts were assessed by two reviewers for inclusion. Searches through ABS revealed no specific study on baby boomers at a national level; information was only available for Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland. A number of genetic and non-genetic risk factors for dementia were identified most of which remain controversial and require further study. We did not identify significant differences in the prevalence and incidence of dementia in those under 65 years in Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia. There were no correlations of risk factors and dementia between the Australian states. Modification of risk factors has not been proven to reduce the incidence and prevalence of dementia and AD in baby boomers. Nevertheless, on available evidence, we recommend: i) active management of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension; ii) the encouragement of a healthy lifestyle (eg, weight reduction, exercise) as offering the best pathways to reduce the emerging dementia risk for baby boomers. The implications are that activities promoting a healthy heart might lead to a healthy brain and help to prevent dementia.

Panegyres, Peter K.; Gray, Victoria

2010-01-01

192

Low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age babies in Scotland, 1981-1984  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to examine the effect of maternal age, gravidity, marital status, previous perinatal deaths, and parental social class on babies born low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age. DESIGN--The study used data on discharge summaries from all maternity hospitals in Scotland. SETTING--The study was based on all singleton deliveries in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS--The analysis involved information on

S de Sanjose; E Roman

1991-01-01

193

How Post-Traumatic Stress Affects Mothers' Perceptions of Their Babies: A Brief Video Feedback Intervention Makes a Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes the scant existing research on the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on mothers and their babies during the peripartum period and describes a pilot research project within the Infant-Family Service (IFS) at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital, an outpatient mental health service for inner-city families with…

Schechter, Daniel S.

2004-01-01

194

Análisis de la utilidad del Clinical Risk Index for Babies por estratos de peso como predictor de muerte hospitalaria y de hemorragia intraventricular grave en la Red Neonatal Espańola SEN 1500  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo evaluate the usefulness of the Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) in predicting hospital mortality and severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very low birth weight infants stratified by weight groups, in the Spanish neonatal network SEN 1500.

J. M. Guzmán Cabańas; M. J. Párraga Quiles; N. del Prado; M. D. Ruíz; M. García del Río; F. Benito Zaballo; C. Fernández; J. Figueras Aloy

2009-01-01

195

Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons  

SciTech Connect

Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by {omega} mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model including a Skyrme term. We find that multisolitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

Foster, David; Sutcliffe, Paul [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

2009-06-15

196

[Severe hypernatraemic dehydration in collodion baby].  

PubMed

Case report on severe hypernatraemic dehydration in a non-recognised collodion baby who also suffered from hydrops fetalis caused by supraventricular tachycardia. Excessive transcutaneous fluid loss caused s-Na+ reaching 182 mmol/l within 36 hours of birth. The infant was cautiously rehydrated during the following three days. No sign of neurologic impairment was observed. It is emphasized that early observation of the collodion baby must take place in a humidified incubator. Major weight changes in the newborn should always result in analysis of serum sodium. PMID:17425931

Magid, Tobias; Fenger-Grřn, Jesper; Nymann, Peter; Hansen, Bo Mřlholm

2007-03-26

197

Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... can be prevented by vaccination. Who recommends that all babies get hepatitis B vaccination at birth? Medical ... side effects Hepatitis B shots are recommended for all new babies Hepatitis B vaccine helps protect your ...

198

Conceptualizing age-friendly communities.  

PubMed

On the political and policy front, interest has increased in making communities more "age-friendly", an ongoing trend since the World Health Organization launched its global Age-Friendly Cities project. We conceptualize age-friendly communities by building on the WHO framework and applying an ecological perspective. We thereby aim to make explicit key assumptions of the interplay between the person and the environment to advance research or policy decisions in this area. Ecological premises (e.g., there must be a fit between the older adult and environmental conditions) suggest the need for a holistic and interdisciplinary research approach. Such an approach is needed because age-friendly domains (the physical environment, housing, the social environment, opportunities for participation, informal and formal community supports and health services, transportation, communication, and information) cannot be treated in isolation from intrapersonal factors, such as age, gender, income, and functional status, and other levels of influence, including the policy environment. PMID:21745427

Menec, Verena H; Means, Robin; Keating, Norah; Parkhurst, Graham; Eales, Jacquie

2011-07-12

199

Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

200

Infant & Toddlers: How to Calm an Exuberant Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is important to understand that babies differ in temperament. Some are sensationally exuberant and loud. Others are more withdrawn and quiet. Babies also differ in tempo and style. Some eat with gusto. Others deliberately scoop a bit of cooked cereal onto a spoon and slowly munch on their food. Helping a baby learn to modulate voice tones…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

201

Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being…

Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

2012-01-01

202

Infants & Toddlers: How Babies Use Gestures to Communicate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evolution has provided babies with wonderful ways to get the loving attention and care that they need from adults. When a baby is distressed, his cry is the most primitive and powerful tool for bringing help. By the time a baby is 2 or 3 months old, his dazzling smile and crooked grin evokes tenderness, smiles, and nurturance from adults who are…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2004-01-01

203

Opening Your School Library to Preschoolers--and Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author stresses the importance of welcoming preschoolers and babies into school libraries. She states that when read to from birth, a baby becomes used to the cadences and rhythms of spoken language, at the same time responding to the bright pictures and the presence of a loving adult. The baby associates books and stories…

Braxton, Barbara

2004-01-01

204

Learning from Babies: Vital Lessons for Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the positive outcomes from the Philadelphia-based Educating Children for Parenting (ECP) program, founded in 1978, which aims to take advantage of children's fascination with babies and their easily triggered emotional investment in learning how to care for them. The program brings a parent and infant into the classroom…

Puriefoy-Brinkley, Jacquelynn; Bardige, Betty

2004-01-01

205

Does the baby gain weight during labour?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was based on 6940 live singleton births without obvious congenital abnormalities delivered at 24-32 weeks. The birthweight of children born by Caesarean section was lower than that of those born vaginally. This applied whether the baby survived or died during the neonatal period; whether or not there was maternal hypertensive disease; and whether the delivery was at

Tim Chard

206

External Genital Anomalies in Newborn Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: External genital anomalies are common congenital anomalies, especially in male newborns. It seems that the incidence of these anomalies is increasing. Although the etiology of these anomalies is obscure in most cases, genetic and environmental factors have important roles. This study aimed to determine the types and frequency of these anomalies in newborn babies and to compare the results

Siamak Shiva; Pediatric Endocrinologist; Mohammad-Hosein Hoseinian

2008-01-01

207

Healthy Family 2009: Bringing in Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Healthy Family 2009 Bringing in Baby Past Issues / Winter 2009 Table of Contents For an enhanced version of ... for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Winter 2009 Issue: Volume 4 Number 1 Pages 3 - 4

208

Baby Boomers' Attitudes towards Product Placements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Including branded products within mass media programming is becoming common. Previous research has focused almost entirely on college-age students' attitudes about placements in movies and television. This research focuses on Baby Boomers and is the first to include questions about multiple media in forming attitudes towards product placements. Six hypotheses were tested. Attitude toward product placement is related to media

Nicole M. Schmoll; John Hafer; Michael Hilt; Hugh Reilly

2006-01-01

209

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

210

Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... hear and recognize your voice and might move in response to music. Your baby uses his or her sense of touch to practice important movements, including grasping and sucking, and he or she may start ... and moving often in the early weeks of the third trimester. Later, ...

211

The Optimum Thermal Environment for Naked Babies  

PubMed Central

The optimum thermal environment in which to nurse a baby naked in an incubator has been defined from a knowledge of the magnitude of the factors affecting thermal balance. Such a neutral environment allows body temperature to remain normal while oxygen consumption and evaporative water loss are both at a minimum.

Hey, E. N.; Katz, G.

1970-01-01

212

Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

213

R plasmids in enterobacteriaceae from the hospital environment.  

PubMed

R plasmids have been demonstrated in several group of strains of enterobacteriaceae from hospital environment. R + enteropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli were isolated from several items of baby-care as well as from the pre-prepared baby food in a newborn unit. Strains from environmental samples are thought to be identical with those causing nosocomial gastroenteritis of babies. From hospital waste waters of another larger country hospital we could isolate R + strains of Salmonella typhimurium and R + protei, both associated with occurence of gastrointestinal or urological hospital infections. R-factor-carrying strains of E. coli have been isolated also from surface water samples from the area surrounding the hospital monitored. PMID:367006

Príkazský, V; Kosková, L; Kremenová, Z; Krcméry, V

1978-11-01

214

Current pattern of Ponderal Indices of term small-for-gestational age in a population of Nigerian babies  

PubMed Central

Background Small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns constitute a special group of neonates who may have suffered varying degrees of intrauterine insults and deprivation. Variations in birth weight, length and Ponderal Index (PI) depend on the type and degree of intrauterine insults the babies were exposed to. The objective of the study was to determine the current prevalence of term SGA births in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital and the current pattern of Ponderal Indices among term SGA in a population of Nigerian babies. Methods Subjects comprised of consecutive term singleton mother-baby pairs in the first 24 hours of life. It was a cross sectional study. The anthropometric parameters of each baby were recorded and the PI was also determined. Results Out of 1,052 live births during the study period (September to December, 2009), 825 were term, singleton babies. Five hundred and eight-one babies (70.4%) fall into the upper socio-economic classes 1 and II, 193 (23.4%) in the middle class and 51 (6.2%) were of the lower classes IV and V. None of the mothers indicated ingestion of alcohol or smoking of cigarette. Fifty-nine babies (7.2%) were small-for gestational age (SGA). Of the 59 SGA subjects, 26 (44.1%) were symmetrical SGA while 33 (55.9%) were asymmetrical SGA. There was no significant sex or socioeconomic predilection for either symmetrical or asymmetrical growth (p?=?0.59, 0.73 respectively). Conclusion The findings showed that proportionality in SGA fetuses is a continuum, with the PI depending on the duration of intrauterine insult and the extent of its effects on weight and length before delivery.

2013-01-01

215

"Friends" Raping Friends. Could It Happen to You?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication concerning rape committed by acquaintances and "friends" is designed to provide information and support for college students. The early warning signs and how to react to potential "acquaintance" or "date" rape are addressed. Consideration is given to why this type of rape occurs and information is provided on how to avoid date…

Hughes, Jean O'Gorman; Sandler, Bernice R.

216

Bereavement: caring for families and friends after a patient dies.  

PubMed

New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center is a large academic medical center that provided minimal, if any, bereavement support to families and loved ones of patients who died in the hospital. A comprehensive bereavement program was developed and implemented which included sending condolence cards to family members and friends, follow-up phone calls to screen for complicated grief, individual counseling, bereavement support groups, community referrals, and an annual memorial service for families and staff to provide an opportunity for shared mourning during the grieving process. PMID:23977787

Hottensen, Dory

2013-01-01

217

Promoting child safety in primary care: a cluster randomised controlled trial to reduce baby walker use  

PubMed Central

Background Baby walkers are commonly used items of nursery equipment, but cause more than 3000 injuries each year in the UK. There is currently little evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions in primary care to reduce walker use. Aim To evaluate the effectiveness of an educational package provided by midwives and health visitors to reduce baby walker possession and use. Design of study Cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting Sixty-four general practices in Nottingham and North Nottinghamshire, UK. Method An educational package aimed at discouraging mothers-to-be from obtaining and using a walker was delivered by midwives and health visitors to 1174 mothers-to-be of at least 28 weeks gestation. The control arm received usual care. Primary outcome measures were the possession and use of a walker. Secondary outcome measures included the frequency and duration of walker use, knowledge and attitudes towards walkers, plans to use a walker with future children, recommending a walker to a friend, and use of stair gates and fire guards. Results Intervention arm participants were significantly less likely to own (odds ratio [OR] = 0.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.43 to 0.93) or to use a walker (OR = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.08 to 0.84). They were significantly less likely to plan to use a walker with their next child (OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.31 to 0.86) or to agree that walkers keep children safe (OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.16 to 0.78). There was some evidence that they were less likely to recommend a walker to a friend (OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.28 to 0.91) or to agree that they help children to walk more quickly (OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.29 to 0.95). Conclusion An educational package delivered by midwives and health visitors was effective in reducing baby walker possession and use. Providers of primary healthcare services should include baby walker education in their injury prevention strategy and child health promotion programme.

Kendrick, Denise; Illingworth, Rachel; Woods, Amanda; Watts, Kim; Collier, Jacqueline; Dewey, Michael; Hapgood, Rhydian; Chen, Chih-Mei

2005-01-01

218

Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?  

PubMed Central

A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.

Bronfin, Daniel R.

2001-01-01

219

An antifungal peptide from baby lima bean  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 6-kDa antifungal peptide with inhibitory activity on mycelial growth in Fusarium oxysporum, Mycosphaerella arachidicola, and Physalospora piricola was isolated from baby lima beans. The peptide suppressed growth in M. arachidicola with an IC50 of 0.87 ?M and inhibited activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with an IC50 of 4 ?M. The peptide exhibited an N-terminal amino acid sequence similar to those of

H. X. Wang; T. B. Ng

2006-01-01

220

Infantile Digital Fibromatosis (Inclusion Body Fibromatosis) Observed in a Baby Without Finger Involvement  

PubMed Central

A 9-day-old male baby was hospitalized after his birth due to some swells under the skin. The hard consistency nodules observed under the skin all over the body of the patient were of different size, and presented lesions, among which the biggest was 1 × 1 cm. No lesions were observed on the fingers. By superficial ultrasonography, multiple isoechoic hypoechoic lesions were observed among the muscle plan. In thoracolumbar magnetic resonance imaging, multiple massif lesions retaining peripheral contrast (the biggest was 1.7 × 1.4 cm large) had been observed under the skin muscle plans, between the muscles of the extremities. The biopsy was positive for smooth muscle actin, but negative for desmin, S100, and CD34. These findings were diagnosed as infantile digital fibromatosis (IDF) (inclusion body fibromatosis). The case was presented with an objective to illustrate and remind that IDF can be observed in babies without finger involvement.

Kaya, Avni; Yuca, Sevil Ari; Karaman, Kamuran; Erten, Remzi; Dogan, Murat; Bektas, Mehmet Selcuk; Ustyol, Lokman

2013-01-01

221

Health Behaviors Among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among “Baby Boomer” caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state’s non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and 12,941 non-caregivers. Logistic regression models were estimated separately for four individual health-risk behaviors—smoking, sedentary behavior, and regular soda and fast-food consumption—as well as a global health-risk measure. Results: Controlling for psychological distress and personal characteristics and social resources such as age, gender, income and education, work and marital status, and neighborhood safety, caregivers had greater odds than non-caregivers of overall negative health behavior and of smoking and regular soda and fast-food consumption. We did not observe significant differences in odds of negative behavior related to stress for spousal caregivers and caregivers in the role for longer periods of time or those providing more hours of weekly care compared with other caregivers. Implications: Our study found evidence that Baby Boomer caregivers engage in poor health behaviors that are associated with exposure to caregiving. Baby Boomer caregivers may be at risk for certain behavioral factors that are associated with disability and chronic illness.

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

2012-01-01

222

Congenital antral web in premature baby.  

PubMed

Antral web is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction in neonate. It is a 2-4 mm thin mucous membrane that can be found anywhere from 1 to 7 cm proximal to the pylorus. The baby was born at gestational age of 32(+1) weeks with 1,880 g as 2nd baby of dizygotic twin. After birth, the baby had constant non-bilious vomiting without feeding while he didn't show abdominal distension or discoloration. The infantogram showed distended stomach with distal small bowel gas. Upper gastrointestinal series revealed that the antrum was abruptly narrowed at 1 cm proximal to pylorus. We performed laparotomy at the 10th day after birth and excised the 2 mm-thick web circumferentially. He began milk feeding after 6 days and discharged uneventfully at postoperative 35 days with corrected age of 38(+4) weeks with body weight 2,420 g. The antral web should be considered in the case of non-bilious vomiting in neonate. PMID:24010106

Nam, So-Hyun; Koo, Soo Hyun; Chung, Mi Lim; Jung, Yu Jin; Lim, Yun-Jung

2013-03-31

223

Patients, friends, and relationship boundaries.  

PubMed Central

When patient and physician are close friends, both professional and personal relationships can suffer. Jointly exploring and setting explicit boundaries can help avoid conflict and maintain these valuable relationships. This is particularly important when the physician practises in a small community where such concurrent relationships are unavoidable.

Rourke, J. T.; Smith, L. F.; Brown, J. B.

1993-01-01

224

Free Our Friends in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many secrets can be told by the physical surroundings of library media centers. Whether the center is kid-friendly is one of the first obvious tell-tale signs. When a library center has Arthur & D.W., Clifford, Pooh & Eeyore, shells, special rocks, etc. hidden by the circulation center or in the back in boxes, it's time to revolt. The movie Free…

Stidham, Sue

2007-01-01

225

SOME OF MY BEST FRIENDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"SOME OF MY BEST FRIENDS" IS A PLAY WHICH CONSISTS OF FIVE CHARACTERS--THE SPEAKER, CATHERINE, A PROTESTANT, AMY, A JEW, ANTHONY, AN ITALIAN CATHOLIC, AND PETER, A NEGRO. THE PLAY IS PERFORMED IN A ROUND ACTING AREA RATHER THAN ON A STAGE, AND THERE IS NO SCENERY. THE AUDIENCE SURROUNDS THE ACTING AREA AND PLAYS AN ACTIVE ROLE AS THE SPEAKER TALKS…

CREAN, ROBERT

226

Kids and Elders: Forever Friends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes "Forever Friends," an intergenerational program linking second graders with elderly residents of an independent living facility. Describes monthly sessions involving group and partnership activities; how elders participate in classroom activities, musical programs, creative writing projects, and school field trips; and how classroom…

Dallman, Mary Ellen; Power, Sharon

1996-01-01

227

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The main reasons for doing so included babies' enjoyment of them and the fact that the walker was used for an older sibling. Although none of the users listed safety concerns as a reason to stop using the walker, non-users (45%) did so; 12.5% of the users had at least one walker related injury. CONCLUSIONS: Parents of babies who use a walker perceive them as beneficial. However these babies are placed at unnecessary risk. It behoves all health professionals and child carers to alert parents to these dangers and the sale of walkers should be reviewed.

Laffoy, M.; Fitzpatrick, P.; Jordan, M.; Dowdall, D.

1995-01-01

228

Friends of the National Library of Medicine  

MedlinePLUS

... Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of ... Paul G. Rogers Chairman, Friends of the National Library of Medicine and former member of the U.S. ...

229

Helping Family and Friends Understand Alzheimer's Disease  

MedlinePLUS

Helping Family and Friends Understand Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s Caregiving Tips When you learn that someone has Alzheimer’s disease, you may wonder when and how to tell your family and friends. You ...

230

Adaptive sway control for baby bassinet based on artificial metabolic algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

To improve the household management and decrease the young parents' Labor intensity, a new baby bassinet is made. The kind of bassinet can realize adaptive sway according to baby status. Some sensors can apperceive the movement of baby and other information such as baby cry. Alarm signal can be produced according to baby abnormity status. A kind of artificial metabolic

Yang Hu; Weihua Gui

2009-01-01

231

Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

V P Bhatia; G P Katiyar; K N Agarwal; T K Das; P K Dey

1980-01-01

232

Mixed-Initiative Friend-List Creation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Friend lists group contacts in a social networking site that are to be treated equally in some respect. We have developed\\u000a a new approach for recommending friend lists, which can then be manually edited and merged by the user to create the final\\u000a lists. Our approach finds both large networks of friends and smaller friend groups within this network by

Kelli Bacon; Prasun Dewan

233

Baby walker related injuries--a continuing problem.  

PubMed Central

Baby walkers have been associated with burns, head trauma and other types of injury. A retrospective study of all infants under the age of two years attending an accident and emergency unit demonstrated 22 injuries associated with baby walkers from a total of 1049 attendances. The most serious injuries were three skull fractures, with the most common mechanism being of a fall downstairs in the walker. Injury while in a baby walker occurred with a similar frequency to injury due to road traffic accidents. We conclude that despite previous warnings Baby Walkers still represent a considerable hazard to infants.

Coats, T J; Allen, M

1991-01-01

234

The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies  

PubMed Central

AIM—To obtain a prevalence rate and determine the distribution of accidental bruising in babies.?METHODS—177 babies aged 6-12 months were examined naked to look for bruises. They were seen in health visitor hearing test clinics and child health surveillance clinics. The site, size, shape, and colour of bruises were recorded on a skin map, and the parent's explanation noted. Any other injury was recorded. Data collection included the baby's age, mobility and weight, demographic details, and health visitor concerns.?RESULTS—Twenty two babies had bruises, giving a prevalence rate of 12%. There was a total of 32 bruises, 15 babies had one bruise. All bruises were found on the front of the body and were located over bony prominences. Twenty five of the bruises were on the face and head, and seven were on the shin. The babies with bruises on the shin were mobile. There was a highly significant increase in bruises with increase in mobility.?CONCLUSIONS—The study has produced a prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies and sets a baseline from which to work when assessing bruises. It also tested out the methodology, which could be used in further research, particularly of younger babies. Clinicians need to assess a baby's level of development when considering whether a bruise is accidental.??

Carpenter, R

1999-01-01

235

Baby walker related injuries--a continuing problem.  

PubMed

Baby walkers have been associated with burns, head trauma and other types of injury. A retrospective study of all infants under the age of two years attending an accident and emergency unit demonstrated 22 injuries associated with baby walkers from a total of 1049 attendances. The most serious injuries were three skull fractures, with the most common mechanism being of a fall downstairs in the walker. Injury while in a baby walker occurred with a similar frequency to injury due to road traffic accidents. We conclude that despite previous warnings Baby Walkers still represent a considerable hazard to infants. PMID:1854395

Coats, T J; Allen, M

1991-03-01

236

For Professors, "Friending" Can Be Fraught  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People connect on Facebook by asking to "friend" one another. A typical user lists at least 100 such connections, while newbies are informed, "You don't have any friends yet." A humbling statement. It might make one want to find some. But friending students can be even dicier than befriending them. In the real world, casual professors may ask…

Lipka, Sara

2007-01-01

237

The Resolution of Social Conflict between Friends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates whether third- and fourth-grade children respond differently to conflict with friends and acquaintances. Results support the view that conflict between friends promotes more social development than conflict between nonfriends. Discussion among friends disagreeing on answers to social problems resulted in more mature solutions than…

Nelson, Janice; Aboud, Frances E.

1985-01-01

238

Predictors of breastfeeding in very low birthweight infants at the time of discharge from hospital.  

PubMed

In a case-control study carried out in the Kuala Lumpur Maternity Hospital between 1st July 1995 and 31st January 1996 the objectives were (1) to determine the rate of breastfeeding in surviving very low birthweight (VLBW, < or = 1500 g) Malaysian infants following the introduction of the Baby Friendly Hospital Concept, and (2) to identify significant predictors associated with successful breastfeeding in these infants. During the study period, 201 (1.24 per cent) of live-born infants were VLBW infants, 192 (95.5 per cent) were Malaysians, and 141 (73.4 per cent) of them survived to go home. The breastfeeding rate among all surviving VLBW Malaysian infants at the time of discharge was 40.2 per cent (57/141). The mothers of 126 (89.4 per cent) VLBW Malaysian infants were interviewed before discharge. Logistic regression analysis showed that, after controlling for various confounders, the significant predictors associated with successful breastfeeding were: (a) Malay mothers (odds ratio: 6.0; 95 per cent CI: 1.9, 19.4), (b) mothers with educational levels of between 7 and 9 years (odds ratio: 3.6; 95 per cent CI: 1.0, 12.2), and (c) earlier age of commencement of enteral feeds in the VLBW infants (for each additional day delay in commencement of feeding, odds ratio of breastfeeding was 0.5; 95 per cent CI: 0.4, 0.8). PMID:10467829

Boo, N Y; Goh, E S

1999-08-01

239

Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate…

Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

2012-01-01

240

Baby Minds: Brain-Building Games Your Baby Will Love. Birth to Age Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research points to the inborn abilities of infants and shows how early experiences influence cognitive skills. This book presents activities for parents and their infants--building on activities babies instinctively love--to develop their unique abilities. The book is organized around six intellectual skills: (1) problem solving; (2)…

Acredolo, Linda; Goodwyn, Susan

241

'Baby Doe' rulings-review and comment.  

PubMed

The recent controversy over the "Baby Doe" regulations issued by the Department of Health and Human Services represents the culmination of a dilemma that has faced the medical and legal professions for more than a decade. Although they have not been upheld by the courts, the regulations express the position that withholding treatment from defective newborns may constitute discrimination on the basis of handicap and advocate mechanisms for the reporting of such practices. Legislation regarding this issue is pending at both the national and state levels. The rulings have been disputed by many medical and professional groups, which are working to provide acceptable alternatives. PMID:6730486

Britton, J R

1984-02-01

242

The gay-friendly closet  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent decades, U.S. popular opinion has become more accepting of homosexuality, a shift apparent in the workplace, where\\u000a gay-friendly policies increasingly are in effect. These changes in attitudes and organizational practices have led some scholars\\u000a to question the relevance of the closet for describing the contemporary lives of lesbians and gay men. The authors investigated\\u000a this claim by analyzing

Christine L. Williams; Patti A. Giuffre; Kirsten Dellinger

2009-01-01

243

Patient friendly billing project: putting the patient first.  

PubMed

Freeing the consumer from the confusion of the current billing and payment process is a key long-term goal of the Patient Friendly Billing Project. This project is a joint effort of HFMA and the American Hospital Association, and with support from HCA; Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota; Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois; Quorum Health Resources, Nashville, Tennessee; SSM HealthCare, St. Louis, Missouri; Cap Gemini Ernst & Young; Deloitte & Touche/Deloitte Consulting/Ernst & Young; PricewaterhouseCoopers; Stevens & Lee, Reading, Pennsylvania; Greenwich Hospital, Greenwich, Connecticut; Medical Group Management Association; Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services; and HFMA's PFS Forum Advisory Council. If the goal of this project is achieved, the healthcare industry can gain from both improved consumer relations and cost-efficient outcomes that benefit all involved. PMID:11765634

2001-12-01

244

Grief and Post-Traumatic Growth in Parents 2–6 Years after the Death of Their Extremely Premature Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess grief and post-traumatic growth in parents 2–6 years after the death of a premature baby (24–26 weeks’ gestation) and to evaluate Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-Measure (PRISM) in the assessment of bereavement. Method: Fifty-four parents were assessed for their experiences during hospitalization and by questionnaires regarding grief (MTS), post-traumatic growth, affective symptoms and the visual representation

Stefan Büchi; Hanspeter Mörgeli; Ulrich Schnyder; Josef Jenewein; Urs Hepp; Eveline Jina; Rachel Neuhaus; Jean-Claude Fauchčre; Hans Ulrich Bucher; Tom Sensky

2007-01-01

245

Friendly \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Image processing can be taught very effectively by complementing,the basic lectures with computer laboratories where the participants can actively manipulate and process images. This offering can be made,even more,attractive by allowing the students to develop their own,image processing code within a reasonable time frame. After a brief review of existing software package,that can be used for teaching IP, we

Daniel Sage; Michael Unser

246

Successful outcome of an abandoned baby infested with maggots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child abandonment, which is a form of child abuse, is a common happening in Nigeria and other parts of the world. Other forms of child abuse include physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and sexual abuse. Some babies are sighted abandoned in gutters, by the riverside, on debris, or in pit latrine! Most of these babies are products of unwanted pregnancies

O O Adesiyun; M A N Adeboye; A O Saka; M B Abdulkadir; A G Y Oloko; R I Lawal; O S Mokuolu; S S Mohammed; G M David

2010-01-01

247

Do Baby Wet Wipes Change Periurethral Aerobic Flora?  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY: There is massive enteric bacterial colonization in the periurethral region during infancy. Fecal soiling is considered to be responsible for this colonization. We hypothesized that baby wet wipes containing chemical cleansing compounds, which are used for the cleaning of babies after diaper soiling, could be a contribut- ing factor in this colonization. Thus, the effect on periurethral flora of

Dursun A. Senses; C. Elif Öztürk; Nese Ersöz Yar; Selda Acar; Talat Bahçebas; Kenan Kocabay; Demet Kaya

248

Talking with Your Baby: Family as the First School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that children s first words are exciting for parents to hear, this book describes how babies can "talk" before they learn to say actual words and shows ways parents can help babies learn language. The book addresses a neglected area in child development--how to help low literacy parents and parents for whom English is a Second Language…

Honig, Alice Sterling; Brophy, Holly Elisabeth

249

Baby-Shiatsu – eine energetische Ergänzung zur osteopathischen Behandlung  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby-Shiatsu is gaining acceptance as a supplementary treatment by more and more Osteopaths. We can contribute this to the fact that structural work combines ideally with traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine which is concerned with energetic development.The basis of Baby Shiatsu is the model of energetic development [1, 2] which theorizes that the energy lines of the body called meridians

Karin Kalbantner-Wernicke; Thomas Wernicke

2010-01-01

250

Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2011-01-01

251

Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

Cunningham, DiAnne H.

2009-01-01

252

Fussy Babies, Worried Families, and a New Service Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors document the conceptualization, over time, of "fussy baby syndrome" and the establishment of a Fussy Baby Clinic. Excessive infant crying (commonly called colic) typically subsides in the first 3 months but may set up a cycle of parent-infant distress. Families studied felt a high degree of emotional stress and physical exhaustion;…

Gilkerson, Linda; Gray, Larry; Mork, Nancy

2005-01-01

253

Baby Boom Caregivers: Care in the Age of Individualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Many Baby Boomers are faced with the care of aging parents, as well as that of disabled or ill spouses or children. This study examines how Baby Boomers in Quebec, Canada, perceive and play their role as caregivers and how this might differ from their parents' generation. Design and methods: This was a qualitative and empirical study…

Guberman, Nancy; Lavoie, Jean-Pierre; Blein, Laure; Olazabal, Ignace

2012-01-01

254

Teenagers and Their Babies: A Perinatal Home Visitor's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Teenagers and Their Babies" is a self-study and preparation guide for paraprofessional home-based visitors to engage expectant and new parents in an exploration of their baby's development and their expectations for parenthood. The guide includes service interventions--strategies, techniques, and activities--for home visitors and doulas to use…

Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

2008-01-01

255

CDC Vital Signs: Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives  

MedlinePLUS

... baby boomers saves lives On this Page Introduction Problem Infographic What Can Be Done Science Behind this Issue Related Links Social Media Read Associated MMWR 3 Million About 3 million adults in the US are infected with the hepatitis C virus, most are baby boomers. ...

256

Better Baby Care: A Book for Family Day Care Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A resource for child caregivers providing family day care for infants and toddlers, this book is designed to provide information and suggestions in a format that is easy to follow, and in language that is easy to read. Chapter 1 gives tips on "baby-proofing" the home, as well as ideas for toys, equipment, and how to integrate a baby into the…

Nash, Margaret; Tate, Costella

257

Baby walkers —an underestimated hazard for our children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby walkers (BWs) continue to be a frequent cause of head injuries in young children. A random sample survey of 240 families with children aged 2–6 years revealed a use rate of bady walkers of 55%. Of the children using baby walkers 20% were found to have suffered a BW-related accident. In a retrospective study we reviewed 172 case reports

J. Mayr; M. Gaisl; K. Purtscher; H. Noeres; G. Schimpl; G. Fasching

1994-01-01

258

A retrospective benefit-cost analysis of the 1997 stair-fall requirements for baby walkers.  

PubMed

Based on estimates from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), there were about 25,000 baby walker-related injuries treated annually in U.S. hospital emergency departments during the early 1990s. This amounted to about 8 injuries for every 1000 baby walkers in use. Most injuries resulted from falls down stairs. After CPSC initiated a regulatory proceeding in 1994, the CPSC staff worked with industry to address the stair-fall hazard. This cooperative effort resulted in requirements designed to prevent stair-fall injuries that became effective in 1997 as part of a revised voluntary safety standard. This study presents a retrospective benefit-cost analysis of the 1997 stair-fall requirements. The benefits were defined as the reduction in the costs of injuries resulting from the use of the safer walkers. The costs were defined as the additional resource costs associated with making baby walkers safer. The study found that the stair-fall requirements were highly effective in reducing the risk of stair-fall injury, and that the benefits of the requirements substantially exceeded the costs. The expected net benefits (i.e., benefits minus costs) amounted to an average of about $169 per walker, over the walker's expected product life. Given current U.S. sales of about 600,000 baby walkers annually, the present value of the expected net benefits associated with 1 year's production amounts to over $100 million annually. A sensitivity analysis showed that the major findings were robust with respect to variations in underlying assumptions. PMID:18215533

Rodgers, Gregory B; Leland, Elizabeth W

2007-05-04

259

The total thermal insulation of the new-born baby.  

PubMed

1. One hundred and seventeen healthy new-born babies weighing between 0.9 and 4.8 kg at delivery have been studied during the first ten days of life, and sixteen of these babies have been studied serially for 6 weeks after birth. The babies lay supine in a draught-free environment (air speed 4-5 cm/sec) of moderate humidity. The operative temperature was between 26 and 38 degrees C for the babies who were studied naked.2. Total non-evaporative heat loss was calculated from simultaneous measurements of oxygen consumption, evaporative water loss and the concomitant change in mean body temperature.3. Approximately 10% of the total body surface area was in contact with the mattress or floor. Conductive heat loss accounted for only about 5% of all non-evaporative heat loss when the naked baby was lying on a thick foam mattress, but for as much as 25% when the baby was lying in a water-jacketed chamber with a floor of clear plastic approximately 5 mm thick.4. Insulation to heat loss by convection and radiation varied with environmental temperature. Total specific insulation was low in a warm environment when the naked baby vasodilated, and rose by between 16 and 25% to a maximum in an environment of 31 degrees C. It decreased significantly when the baby became physically active in environments with a temperature less than this.5. Total specific insulation in an environment of 31 degrees C varied with body size: it averaged 0.156 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in seven naked babies weighing 0.9-1.2 kg, rose to 0.190 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in twelve babies weighing 1.8-2.2 kg, and averaged 0.201 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in the thirty-four babies who weighed over 3 kg. Tissue insulation accounted for 23% of this total specific insulation in the smaller babies, and about 28% of the total in babies weighing over 3 kg.6. Clothing ten babies in a vest, napkin and long cotton nightdress increased the total specific insulation by an average of 0.23 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal. PMID:5503276

Hey, E N; Katz, G; O'Connell, B

1970-05-01

260

7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

2013-01-01

261

Continuous exclusive breastfeeding and some related factors in the selected hospitals of Isfahan  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Exclusive nutrition with breastfeeding is the health provider of the infant and mothers and its continuing would provide more advantages. Exclusive nutrition on different communities is affected by different factors. This study aimed to determine continuous exclusive breastfeeding and some of the related factors. METHODS: This was a descriptive-analysis prospective study. The study population included all the breastfed mothers admitted in the obstetrics wards of the selected hospitals. Selecting the hospitals also was done randomly. Data collection tools included a questionnaire completed by 291 mothers. To obtain the data about breastfeeding duration, mothers were phone called at the first and sixth postpartum months. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics and software SPSS. RESULTS: Estimation of mean and standard deviation of exclusive breastfeeding duration at the first and sixth months after the delivery, respectively, were 3.86 (0.55) and 23.67 (6.63) weeks. One month after the delivery, 93.1%, 6.2% and 0.7% of the mothers, respectively, had exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding with formula milk or other ingredients and discontinuation of breastfeeding; 6 months after the delivery, these values changed to 86.3, 12 and 1.7%, respectively. The most frequent period of breastfeeding discontinuation (6.9%) was related to 1-4 weeks. The results indicated that statistically there was a significant correlation between breastfeeding duration and age and the birth hospital. While the results of the study showed no association between breastfeeding duration and number of the children, duration of marriage, educational level and mothers’ occupation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study represented a high continuous exclusive breastfeeding which perhaps was due to applied baby-friendly hospitals strategies. Furthermore, to prevent from discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding, knowing the discontinuation time and its related factors, particularly the first four postpartum weeks, can increase the knowledge of the health staff about counseling and education.

Esfahani, Mitra Savabi; Fathizadeh, Nahid

2011-01-01

262

Friends Don't Let Friends Eat Cookies: Effects of Restrictive Eating Norms on Consumption Among Friends  

PubMed Central

Social norms are thought to be a strong influence over eating, but this hypothesis has only been experimentally tested with groups of strangers, and correlational studies using actual friends lack important controls. We manipulate an eating norm in the laboratory and explore its influence within established friendships. In two studies we randomly assigned groups of three friends to a restrictive norm condition, in which two of the friends were secretly instructed to restrict their intake of appetizing foods, or a control condition, in which the friends were not instructed to restrict their eating. The third friend’s consumption was measured while eating with the other two friends and while eating alone. In both studies, participants consumed less food when eating with friends who had been given restricting instructions compared to those who had not been given those instructions. In Study 2, participants who ate with restricting friends also continued to restrict their eating when alone. Experimentally manipulating social norms within established friendships is possible, and these norms can influence consumption in those social groups and carry over into non-social eating situations. These findings may suggest mechanisms through which eating behaviors may spread through social networks, as well as an environmental factor that may be amenable to change.

Howland, Maryhope; Hunger, Jeffrey; Mann, Traci

2012-01-01

263

Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure  

SciTech Connect

After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

2007-12-20

264

An antifungal peptide from baby lima bean.  

PubMed

A 6-kDa antifungal peptide with inhibitory activity on mycelial growth in Fusarium oxysporum, Mycosphaerella arachidicola, and Physalospora piricola was isolated from baby lima beans. The peptide suppressed growth in M. arachidicola with an IC(50) of 0.87 muM and inhibited activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with an IC(50) of 4 muM. The peptide exhibited an N-terminal amino acid sequence similar to those of leguminous defensins. The isolation procedure comprised ion exchange chromatography on diethylaminoethyl (DEAE)-cellulose, affinity chromatography on Affi-gel blue gel, ion exchange chromatography on carboxymethyl (CM)-cellulose, and gel filtration by fast protein liquid chromatography on Superdex 75. The peptide was unadsorbed on DEAE-cellulose and Affi-gel blue gel but was adsorbed on CM-cellulose. PMID:16850300

Wang, H X; Ng, T B

2006-07-19

265

Parents of Battered Babies: A Controlled Study  

PubMed Central

A controlled investigation of 214 parents of battered babies shows that they were young and predominantly of lower social class. Premature parenthood is an associated feature. Among the mothers 76% had an abnormal personality and 48% were neurotic. Nearly half were of borderline or subnormal intelligence; 11% had a criminal record. Of the fathers 64% had an abnormal personality, more than half being psychopaths. Twenty-nine per cent. had a criminal record. Recidivism is an associated feature. The risk of battering possibly diminishes with time. The teaching of appropriate child-rearing skills, symptomatic relief, and social relearning are suggested as realistically based treatment methods and should be combined with a care order. When response to treatment appears unlikely permanent removal from parental care should be considered.

Smith, Selwyn M.; Hanson, Ruth; Noble, Sheila

1973-01-01

266

Pregnant heroin addict: what about the baby?  

PubMed

Heroin misuse in pregnancy is a significant health and social problem, and it can have an adverse effect on the mother and the baby. Although heroin and methadone have no specific teratogenic potential, 48-94% of children exposed in utero will have neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The primary aim of this case report is to raise awareness of NAS among clinicians and to remind them that although very common, it is not inevitable. The risk of NAS can be further minimised by offering comprehensive and co-ordinated antenatal care that addresses the various biopsychosocial needs of the pregnant woman. Further, a brief description of NAS and a review of evidence in the field of management of opioid misuse in pregnancy, as relevant to this case, are provided. We have also included the patient's own reflections on her pregnancy and treatment. PMID:22328902

Namboodiri, Vasudevan; George, Sanju; Boulay, Sylvie; Fair, Mandy

2010-02-11

267

[Youth-friendly outpatient care].  

PubMed

Ambulatory pediatric and family medicine takes care of adolescent patients, most of whom regularly consult a physician. Consultations with young people involve issues specifically related to their age. Regarding health care systems and physicians, adolescents' expectations vary from those of adults, not so much in terms of the issues discussed but in terms of the priorities that they give to them. Confidential interviews are not always proposed but are highly appreciated, as are certain personal qualities on the part of the caregivers such as honesty, respect, and friendliness. Finally, easy access to care together with the continuity of care are essential. Prevention of risk behaviors by screening and health education is clearly insufficient. This issue could be approached during the consultation through a psychosocial history. This is a good opportunity to discuss sensitive issues that adolescents seldom bring up themselves. More systematic prevention would probably decrease youth morbidity and mortality, which are both closely related to risk behaviors. To meet these expectations and special health care needs, the World Health Organization has developed the concept of youth-friendly health services. This concept can be applied in both a specialized adolescence center and a pediatric or family practice. Youth-friendly services are still rarely evaluated but seem to bring a clear benefit in terms of patient satisfaction and access to care. PMID:19410439

Mauerhofer, A; Akre, C; Michaud, P-A; Suris, J C

2009-05-01

268

Romantic Partners, Friends, Friends with Benefits, and Casual Acquaintances as Sexual Partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed examination of sexual behavior with different types of partners. A sample of 163 young adults reported on their light nongenital, heavy nongenital, and genital sexual activity with romantic partners, friends, and casual acquaintances. They described their sexual activity with “friends with benefits,” as well as with friends in general. Young

Wyndol Furman; Laura Shaffer

2010-01-01

269

Romantic Partners, Friends, Friends with Benefits, and Casual Acquaintances as Sexual Partners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed examination of sexual behavior with different types of partners. A sample of 163 young adults reported on their light nongenital, heavy nongenital, and genital sexual activity with romantic partners, friends, and casual acquaintances. They described their sexual activity with “friends with benefits,” as well as with friends in general. Young

Wyndol Furman; Laura Shaffer

2011-01-01

270

Good Agreements Make Good Friends  

PubMed Central

When starting a new collaborative endeavor, it pays to establish upfront how strongly your partner commits to the common goal and what compensation can be expected in case the collaboration is violated. Diverse examples in biological and social contexts have demonstrated the pervasiveness of making prior agreements on posterior compensations, suggesting that this behavior could have been shaped by natural selection. Here, we analyze the evolutionary relevance of such a commitment strategy and relate it to the costly punishment strategy, where no prior agreements are made. We show that when the cost of arranging a commitment deal lies within certain limits, substantial levels of cooperation can be achieved. Moreover, these levels are higher than that achieved by simple costly punishment, especially when one insists on sharing the arrangement cost. Not only do we show that good agreements make good friends, agreements based on shared costs result in even better outcomes.

Han, The Anh; Pereira, Luis Moniz; Santos, Francisco C.; Lenaerts, Tom

2013-01-01

271

An Intervention to Discourage Australian Mothers from Unnecessarily Exposing Their Babies to the Sun for Therapeutic Reasons.  

PubMed

Parents play a key role in children's sun-protective behaviour, with good sun-protective habits established early tending to be sustained. We designed a maternity hospital-based educational intervention to reduce myths that could result in mothers intentionally sunning their babies. Interviews were conducted with two cross-sections of healthy post-partum inpatients in the maternity ward of a large regional public hospital. The first group (n = 106) was recruited before the commencement of educational in-services for maternity nursing staff; the second group (n = 203) was interviewed after the last staff in-service session. More pre-intervention than post-intervention women reported they would expose their baby to sunlight to: treat suspected jaundice (28.8% vs. 13.3%; p < 0.001) or help their baby's skin adapt to sunlight (10.5% vs. 2.5%; p = 0.003). Fewer post-intervention women indicated they would sun themselves to treat breastfeeding-associated sore/cracked nipples (7.6% vs. 2%; p = 0.026). This educational intervention should be used to educate parents, health professionals and students. PMID:23751251

Harrison, Simone; Nowak, Madeleine; Devine, Susan; Saunders, Vicki; Smith, Annika; Buettner, Petra

2013-06-10

272

Relations of Friends' Activities to Friendship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to examine age and sex differences in friends' activities and relations of participation in these activities to perceived friendship quality. In Study 1, 52 fourth and eighth graders were asked open-ended questions about activities they do with their best friends. In Study 2, 105 fourth and eighth graders reported both…

Mathur, Ravisha; Berndt, Thomas J.

2006-01-01

273

Friend recommendation according to appearances on photos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike the questionnaire based friend recommendation scheme used in Social Network Service (SNS) websites nowadays (e.g. online dating sites, online matchmaking sites), we focus on the fact that most of the online users may be interested in the strang- ers whose appearances are somehow attractive according to their own preferences. In this paper, we present a friend recommenda- tion system

Zhipeng Wu; Shuqiang Jiang; Qingming Huang

2009-01-01

274

Relations of Friends' Activities to Friendship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two studies were conducted to examine age and sex differences in friends' activities and relations of participation in these activities to perceived friendship quality. In Study 1, 52 fourth and eighth graders were asked open-ended questions about activities they do with their best friends. In Study 2, 105 fourth and eighth graders reported both…

Mathur, Ravisha; Berndt, Thomas J.

2006-01-01

275

Postpartum care -- what's best for mother and baby.  

PubMed

This special feature focuses on the care of mothers and infants during the postpartum period. Postpartum care should include prevention, early detection and treatment of complications and disease, and provision of advice. Most maternal mortality is due to postpartum hemorrhage within 4 hours of delivery, especially among anemic women. The uterus should be well contracted, and blood loss should be minimal. Sepsis, as indicated by fever, should be treated with antibiotics, but preventive measures include cleanliness and hygiene at delivery. Infections are more likely after cesarean section, prolonged labor, and early rupture of membranes. Handwashing prevents infection. Women should be encouraged to pass urine in the first 12 hours after delivery. Bathing frequently relieves painful episiotomy. 85% of neonatal deaths are due to preterm birth and low birth weight. Keeping the baby warm helps prevent low body temperature and infections. Parents need social support in adjusting to congenital defects. Infants with infections should be recognized on time, managed correctly, and referred to a district hospital. Breast feeding should start immediately or within the first hour of birth. Mothers need adequate rest and a nutritious diet. Breast tenderness is common during the first 4 days after delivery. Breast feeding on demand and proper hygiene helps to prevent infections and breast tenderness. Postpartum depression requires support from families and expert advice. Exclusive breast feeding inhibits ovulation until menstruation returns. Family planning may begin during lactation with a progestin-only pill, IUD, or diaphragm. HIV-positive mothers should discontinue breast feeding and take extreme care to mix formula with clean water. Mothers should be immunized with two doses of tetanus toxoid. Pregnant mothers need iodized oil and vitamin A supplements. Reproductive tract infections should be treated. PMID:12321360

1997-01-01

276

Mother and baby yoga is good for you.  

PubMed

Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve and stabilise their emotional health and to bond. Additionally the mother is able to focus on her relationship with her baby, rebuild the weakened pelvic floor, strengthen the abdominal muscles and even alleviate back and neck pain. For babies, yoga can aid digestion and alleviate colic; help to strengthen tiny limbs; improve sleep patterns; and enhance their ability to interact with their mother and other people. PMID:23789249

MacDonald, Cheryl

2013-05-01

277

Babies Work Specific Brain Areas to Imitate People  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Babies Work Specific Brain Areas to Imitate People Study mapped ... say they've pinpointed just how infants' brains work during that process. Copying others is a vital ...

278

Quitting Smoking in Pregnancy Tied to Benefit for Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Quitting smoking in pregnancy tied to benefit for baby (*this ... MedlinePlus Pages Birth Weight Pregnancy and Substance Abuse Quitting Smoking By Veronica Hackethal, MD NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - ...

279

Child Safety: Keeping Your Home Safe for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... keys out of your child's reach. Store the gun in a separate place from the bullets. When your baby is placed on anything above the ground, like a changing ... Adapted with permission from a booklet ...

280

Fresh, Unprocessed Baby Foods Tied to Less Allergy  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript. Fresh, unprocessed baby foods tied to less allergy (*this news item will not be available after ... Friday, August 9, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Food Allergy Infant and Newborn Nutrition By Kerry Grens NEW ...

281

Collodion baby: a follow-up study of 17 cases.  

PubMed

Seventeen cases of collodion baby are reported. Clinical aspects, complications, treatment, final outcome and family history were studied. We did not observe any clinical features in the collodion baby that could serve as a clue in predicting the final diagnosis. Infections were observed in nine, hypothermia in five and hypernatraemic dehydration in four cases. Skin infection mainly occurred in babies treated with emollients (petrolatum, lanolin and cetomacrogolis cream were used). We therefore recommend treating the collodion baby in a humidified incubator, if necessary with intravenous rehydration, but not to use emollients. The final outcome of these study patients was erythrodermic autosomal recessive lamellar ichthyosis in seven cases (41%), non-erythrodermic autosomal recessive lamellar ichthyosis in three cases (18%), Sjögren-Larsson in one case (6%), epidermolytic hyperkeratosis in one case (6%), acute neonatal variant of Gaucher disease in one case (6%) and normal skin in four cases (24%). PMID:12428840

Van Gysel, D; Lijnen, R L P; Moekti, S S; de Laat, P C J; Oranje, A P

2002-09-01

282

Educator Tools - Slides/Talking Points - Unborn Babies Are at ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Serious health problems; Developmental delays; Death. Speaker's Notes. Foodborne bacteria can cross the placenta and infect your unborn baby. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/resourcesforyou/healtheducators

283

TIlE BABY BOOM AND INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL FLOWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model of economic growth based on the life-cycle hypothesis to determine the path of international capital flows as the baby boom passes through the U.S. economy. The model predicts that a baby boom causes a temporary increase in capital flow into the U.S. but the increase in capital is not sufficient to maintain the capital-labor ratio

Peter S. Yoo

284

Safety and effectiveness of BCG vaccination in preterm babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo assess the cell mediated immune response to BCG vaccine in preterm babies.METHODSSixty two consecutive preterm babies born at 5 mm after the Mantoux test was taken as a positive response.RESULTSThere was no significant difference in the tuberculin conversion rates (80% and 80.7%, respectively), positive LMIT (86.6% and 90.3%, respectively), or BCG scar (90.0% and 87.1%, respectively) among the two

Sudhin Thayyil-Sudhan; Ashok Kumar; Meharban Singh; Vinod Kumar Paul; Ashok Kumar Deorari

1999-01-01

285

Reflections on the "push for your baby" campaign.  

PubMed

In this editorial, a board member of Lamaze International describes the "Push for Your Baby" campaign to urge women to advocate for more evidence-based practice for better births. She also reflects on her hopes and worries about the "Push for Your Baby" campaign launched by Lamaze in May 2012. Discussing the realities of current maternity care practice, she asks how we can work with obstetric nurses and providers to have them support what most women value-vaginal birth. PMID:23997548

Ondeck, Michele

2012-01-01

286

Baby switching: an underreported problem that needs to be recognized.  

PubMed

Baby switching is a problem that has been underreported in the past but that can have the same impact on a healthcare facility as an infant kidnapping. This article discusses incidents of baby switching at various medical centers that have taken place in the past few years and the precautions being taken by those facilities as well as others to prevent such occurrences. PMID:11382999

Rusting, R R

287

Maternal personality disorder and babies’ exposure to tobacco smoke  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between smoking practices and maternal personality disorder in a sample of 200 mothers\\u000a of 2-month-old babies. Maternal personality disorder was robustly associated with allowing smoking in the home and also exposing\\u000a the baby to tobacco smoke. The findings suggest that mothers with personality disorders might particularly benefit from targeting\\u000a with education and advice about reducing

Susan Conroy; Maureen N. Marks; Robin Schacht; Helen A. Davies; Paul A. Moran

2010-01-01

288

Extended supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d = 2 + 1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N = 1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N = 1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N = 2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N = 2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N = 2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

Adam, C.; Queiruga, J. M.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

2013-05-01

289

Shaken baby syndrome: the quest for evidence.  

PubMed

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), characterized by the triad of subdural haemorrhage, retinal haemorrhage, and encephalopathy, was initially based on the hypothesis that shaking causes tearing of bridging veins and bilateral subdural bleeding. It remains controversial. New evidence since SBS was first defined three decades ago needs to be reviewed. Neuropathology shows that most cases do not have traumatic axonal injury, but hypoxic-ischaemic injury and brain swelling. This may allow a lucid interval, which traumatic axonal injury will not. Further, the thin subdural haemorrhages in SBS are unlike the thick unilateral space-occupying clots of trauma. They may not originate from traumatic rupture of bridging veins but from vessels injured by hypoxia and haemodynamic disturbances, as originally proposed by Cushing in 1905. Biomechanical studies have repeatedly failed to show that shaking alone can generate the triad in the absence of significant neck injury. Impact is needed and, indeed, seems to be the cause of the majority of cases of so-called SBS. Birth-related subdural bleeds are much more frequent than previously thought and their potential to cause chronic subdural collections and mimic SBS remains to be established. PMID:18173622

Squier, Waney

2008-01-01

290

Predictors of social services supervision of babies of mothers with mental illness after admission to a psychiatric mother and baby unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There is insufficient information on the predictors of parenting difficulties in mothers with severe mental illness. Using data from mother and baby units in the UK we aimed to examine the social and clinical characteristics of mothers whose babies were supervised by social services on discharge. Method: A case-control study was carried out using data from mother and baby

Louise Howard; Nisha Shah; Margaret Salmon; Louis Appleby

2003-01-01

291

Promoting father-friendly healthcare.  

PubMed

Fathers are taking a more active role in their children's lives and healthcare; consequently, healthcare providers need to be more aware of and attentive to fathers in clinical encounters. The literature on healthcare provider inclusion of fathers is sparse. The focus has been mainly on exhortations to include fathers, or has documented treatment of fathers as invisible in healthcare settings. While not overtly hostile to fathers, healthcare providers occasionally marginalize or ignore them. The purpose of this article is to help healthcare providers: (1) become aware of and assess their interactions with fathers and (2) be more intentional in their interactions with them. To that end, this article includes a self-assessment of one's practice, including the following components: introductions, body language, eye contact, obtaining/giving information, and beliefs about the role of fathers. Intentional interactions for developing more father-friendly healthcare are discussed including both small and large changes, guided by the PLISSIT model. Finally, best practices, challenges, issues, and resources related to father inclusion in healthcare are described. The major issue for providers is to no longer question whether to include fathers, but how. PMID:14597825

Tiedje, Linda Beth; Darling-Fisher, Cynthia

292

Romantic Partners, Friends, Friends with Benefits, and Casual Acquaintances As Sexual Partners  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the present study was to provide a detailed examination of sexual behavior with different types of partners. A sample of 163 young adults reported on their light nongenital, heavy nongenital, and genital sexual activity with romantic partners, friends, and casual acquaintances. They described their sexual activity with “friends with benefits” as well as with friends in general. Young adults were most likely to engage in sexual behavior with romantic partners, but sexual behavior also often occurred with some type of nonromantic partner. More young adults engaged in some form of sexual behavior with casual acquaintances than with friends with benefits. The frequencies of sexual behavior, however, were greater with friends with benefits than with friends or casual acquaintances. Interview and questionnaire data revealed that friends with benefits were typically friends, but not necessarily. Nonsexual activities were also less common with friends with benefits than other friends. Taken together, the findings illustrate the value of differentiating among different types of nonromantic partners and different levels of sexual behavior.

Furman, Wyndol; Shaffer, Laura

2011-01-01

293

Romantic partners, friends, friends with benefits, and casual acquaintances as sexual partners.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed examination of sexual behavior with different types of partners. A sample of 163 young adults reported on their light nongenital, heavy nongenital, and genital sexual activity with romantic partners, friends, and casual acquaintances. They described their sexual activity with "friends with benefits," as well as with friends in general. Young adults were most likely to engage in sexual behavior with romantic partners, but sexual behavior also often occurred with some type of nonromantic partner. More young adults engaged in some form of sexual behavior with casual acquaintances than with friends with benefits. The frequencies of sexual behavior, however, were greater with friends with benefits than with friends or casual acquaintances. Interview and questionnaire data revealed that friends with benefits were typically friends, but not necessarily. Nonsexual activities were also less common with friends with benefits than other friends. Taken together, the findings illustrate the value of differentiating among different types of nonromantic partners and different levels of sexual behavior. PMID:21128155

Furman, Wyndol; Shaffer, Laura

2011-06-01

294

Planning sex of baby -- the Barthakur method.  

PubMed

The sex of any given human zygote is dependent upon when the ovum is placed in the fallopian tube. Dr. Inderjit K. Barthakur's has developed a way for heterosexual couples to conceive either male or female children depending upon the timing of their coitus. To have a baby of preferred gender, a couple should have coitus in accordance with the advice of a well-informed instructor who can determine the exact date of rupture of the Graafian follicle with ultrasound scanning. The method requires these preconditions: keeping a temperature chart from 3-4 months before the month in which the pregnancy is planned, abstaining from sex during that particular month until the time advised by the instructor, and having daily ultrasound scans after the 9th day of the menstrual cycle to ensure the highest degree of accuracy in identifying the best time for intercourse. Accurate sex determination of the fetus has occurred in 71 of 72 cases managed by the four physicians who practice this method in India. A more simple alternative which is easily communicable to the poor and uneducated has also been developed by the doctors, but it is only 80% successful. These high rates of success have generated widespread international interest, but the ICMR, the Health Ministry, and others have turned down appeals to support studies of the method because they do not want to encourage potential discrimination against females. Abortion, however, which is often gender-biased, is legal. Dr. Barthakur and her colleagues ensure that the couples taken for instruction should desire a child of the sex opposite to the existing one and no tests are conducted after conception to confirm the sex of the fetus. Under current funding constraints, all expenses for the procedures are met jointly by the involved doctors and couples who are well-off enough to go in for repeated ultrasounds. PMID:12179183

Koshy, L M

1994-07-30

295

Talking about Babies, Toddlers, and Sleep  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jodi Mindell, PhD, the associate director of the Sleep Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, describes how parents and caregivers can help children develop healthy sleeping habits beginning in infancy. Healthy sleep habits are an essential skill for children's overall health and well-being, and they impact family functioning. Dr.…

Mindell, Jodi A.

2012-01-01

296

A study of cleft lip and palate in neonates born in a large Malaysian maternity hospital over a 2-year period.  

PubMed

Out of 52,379 babies delivered in the Maternity Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, over a 2-year period, 64 were born with cleft lip and/or palates. The rate of occurrence of cleft was 1.24 per 1000 livebirths or 1.20 per 1000 deliveries. The Chinese babies had the highest incidence (1.9 per 1000 deliveries) while the Malays had the lowest (0.98 per 1000 deliveries). The most common type was unilateral cleft of the primary and secondary palates. Among the Indian babies, cleft of the secondary palate was most common. 18.8 percent of all the affected babies had positive family history of cleft. 10.9% of the mothers of affected babies had positive history of drug ingestion especially Chinese herbs during pregnancy. Associated congenital abnormalities occurred in 15.6% of the babies with cleft lip and/or palate. PMID:2333547

Boo, N Y; Arshad, A R

1990-02-01

297

Handwashing and cohorting in prevention of hospital acquired infections with respiratory syncytial virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospital acquired infections with respiratory syncytial virus are a major problem. The virus is spread predominantly by infected nasal secretions and we investigated whether we could reduce its incidence by cohorting babies on each ward into designated areas and encouraging staff and parents to wash their hands. We examined the incidence of hospital acquired infection due to respiratory syncytial virus

D Isaacs; H Dickson; C OCallaghan; R Sheaves; A Winter; E R Moxon

1991-01-01

298

Friends' Online Photos May Sway Teens' Behavior  

MedlinePLUS

... to photos of risky behavior posted on friends' social networking sites, it seems that what teenagers see, teenagers ... methods to examine how teenagers' activities on online social networking sites influence their smoking and alcohol use." The ...

299

Formal selection of measures for a composite index of NICU quality of care: Baby-MONITOR  

PubMed Central

Objective To systematically rate measures of care quality for very low birth weight infants for inclusion into Baby-MONITOR, a composite indicator of quality. Study Design Modified Delphi expert panelist process including electronic surveys and telephone conferences. Panelists considered 28 standard neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) quality measures and rated each on a 9-point scale taking into account pre-defined measure characteristics. In addition, panelists grouped measures into six domains of quality. We selected measures by testing for rater agreement using an accepted method. Result Of 28 measures considered, 13 had median ratings in the high range (7 to 9). Of these, 9 met the criteria for inclusion in the composite: antenatal steroids (median (interquartile range)) 9(0), timely retinopathy of prematurity exam 9(0), late onset sepsis 9(1), hypothermia on admission 8(1), pneumothorax 8(2), growth velocity 8(2), oxygen at 36 weeks postmenstrual age 7(2), any human milk feeding at discharge 7(2) and in-hospital mortality 7(2). Among the measures selected for the composite, the domains of quality most frequently represented included effectiveness (40%) and safety (30%). Conclusion A panel of experts selected 9 of 28 routinely reported quality measures for inclusion in a composite indicator. Panelists also set an agenda for future research to close knowledge gaps for quality measures not selected for the Baby-MONITOR.

Profit, J; Gould, JB; Zupancic, JAF; Stark, AR; Wall, KM; Kowalkowski, MA; Mei, M; Pietz, K; Thomas, EJ; Petersen, LA

2011-01-01

300

Negotiating a Friends with Benefits Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Friends with benefits (FWB) refers to “friends” who have sex. Study 1 (N = 125) investigated the prevalence of these relationships and why individuals engaged in this relationship. Results indicated\\u000a that 60% of the individuals surveyed have had this type of relationship, that a common concern was that sex might complicate\\u000a friendships by bringing forth unreciprocated desires for romantic commitment, and ironically

Melissa A. Bisson; Timothy R. Levine

2009-01-01

301

Child-Friendly Cities: Canadian Perspectives1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights a research project entitled, Child-Friendly Cities and Participatory Planning and Design in Canada. The article describes a graduate course, Child-Friendly Cities in Canada, which supported the research. Highlighted is a protocol (based on 15 factors) for collecting examples of best practices—including the degree of young people's participation, intended goals of fostering independence, recognition of diverse groups of

Rae Bridgman

2004-01-01

302

Respiratory compliance in premature babies treated with artificial surfactant (ALEC).  

PubMed Central

In a randomised trial of artificial surfactant (ALEC) given at birth to 294 babies less than 34 weeks' gestation, the respiratory compliance was measured at 1, 6, 24, 48, and 168 hours after birth. In babies less than 29 weeks' gestation ALEC significantly improved the mean (SEM) compliance at 6 hours from 0.54 (0.06) to 0.91 (0.13) ml/cm H2O/kg and at 24 hours from 0.57 (0.04) to 0.92 (0.10) ml/cm H2O/kg. The improvements at 1, 48, and 168 hours were not significant. In babies of over 29 weeks' gestation the compliance was lower in the ALEC treated babies. This was significant only at one hour: 0.52 (0.03) compared with 0.71 (0.07) ml/cm H2O/kg and only occurred in babies who were not ventilated.

Morley, C J; Greenough, A

1991-01-01

303

[Alcohol related hospitalization in the Department of Clinical Toxicology and Medicine Detoxification Ward of the Krakow Special Hospital of J. Babinski in Krakow].  

PubMed

The patients hospitalised because of acute ethanol intoxication or ethanol withdrawal syndrome at the Kraków Department of Clinical Toxicology and Detoxification Ward of J. Babi?ski Specialistic Hospital in the years 1997-2000 were subjected to the study. A significant increase in number of ethanol related hospitalisation was noted at the Department of Clinical Toxicology (from 1381 patients in year 1997 up to 1771 in year 2000), and at the Detoxification Ward of Babi?ski Hospital from 369 in 1997 and 849 patients in 2000 respectively. A significant increase in number of ethanol dependent patients admitted to the Department of Clinical Toxicology because of acute ethanol intoxication and the patients hospitalised because of ethanol withdrawal syndrome or signs of delirium tremens was noted. The same and even stronger trends in hospitalisation, particularly of those ethanol addicts presenting clinical symptoms of acute ethanol intoxication were observed at the Detoxification Ward of Babi?ski Hospital. PMID:11450348

Pach, J; Kowal, A; Filipecka, E; Kroch, S

2001-01-01

304

Can Health Care Information Technology Save Babies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic medical records (EMRs) facilitate fast and accurate access to patient records, which could improve diagnosis and patient monitoring. Using a 12-year county-level panel, we find that a 10 percent increase in births that occur in hospitals with EMRs reduces neonatal mortality by 16 deaths per 100,000 live births. This is driven by a reduction of deaths from conditions requiring

Amalia R. Miller; Catherine E. Tucker

2011-01-01

305

Where have all the babies gone?  

PubMed

Critical comment is provided on the phenomena of couples postponing childbearing in Singapore. In spite of a media campaign to promote childbearing and tax incentives, women are choosing to be DINKS, couples with double incomes and no kids. Women's reasons for not having children are to enjoy more freedom and a better material life and maintain a career. Seet Ai Mee, the junior minister of community development, in 1990 spoke in a public address about women's lack of belief in marriage and the loss of independence and career prospects when children come along. Official concern is based on the rising median age of childbearing which has gone from 23.4 years in 1970 to 27.7 years in 1991. A continuing trend would put women 30 years old at the age of 1st childbearing in the year 2000. 1 of 5 women presently do not have children. 2.9% fewer babies were born in the 1st 10 months of 1991 compared with 1990. The Director of the Population Planning Unite believes that the campaign has been successful in promoting coupling, but not procreation. Examples are given of 4 women who chose not to have children. 1 was a 26-year old university graduate who was a product manager. She is married and thinks that the ad campaign is not appropriately geared to an educated population. Romance and hard sell are out of place. Another psychotherapist expressed the opinion that women wanted a house a car before having children, and later age at childbearing was desired because the desire was to a small family anyway. Freedom has a greater value over the desire for children. A 30-year old writer finds women with children boring, and later age at childbearing means greater maternal maturity. Several examples are given of women who desire an earlier start on childbearing because of the demands placed on older mothers. The director of a counseling and care center defines DINKS as educated higher income people who want a career, personal goals, travel, and other things. There should not be a requirement for children among couples. The consequences of this trend is an unreachable goal of a 4 million population target by 2010, and the need for immigration. PMID:12285428

1992-05-15

306

Reconfiguring insufficient breast milk as a sociosomatic problem: mothers of premature babies using the kangaroo method in Brazil.  

PubMed

This study focuses on Brazilian mothers who gave birth to premature babies who were discharged from hospital using the Kangaroo Mother Care Method. While mothers left the hospital breastfeeding exclusively, once back at home, they abandoned exclusive breastfeeding because of insufficient breast milk (IBM). In this project we explored how IBM was interpreted by mothers within their social context. Participatory research using the Creative Sensitive Method was done in the homes of mothers with family members and neighbours. We described the conflicting social discourse that influenced the mothers' perception of IBM and explored their sources of distress. At the hospital and Kangaroo ward, mothers considered that clinicians recognized they were experiencing IBM and thus supported them to overcome this problem. Back at home and in their community, other sources of stress generated anxiety such as: the lack of outpatient clinical support, and conflicting local norms to care and feed premature babies. These difficulties combined with economic constraints and discontinuity in models of health care led mothers to lose confidence in their breastfeeding capacity. Mothers, thus, rapidly replaced exclusive breastfeeding by mixed feeding or formula feeding. Our analysis suggests that IBM in our sample was the result of a socio-somatic process. Recommendations are proposed to help overcome IBM and corresponding contextual barriers to exclusive breastfeeding. PMID:19161541

Groleau, Danielle; Cabral, Ivone Evangelista

2009-01-01

307

Somebody in My Friend's Family Died. What Should I Do?  

MedlinePLUS

Somebody in My Friend's Family Died. What Should I Do? KidsHealth > Kids > Feelings > My Friends > Somebody in My Friend's Family Died. What Should I Do? Print A ... going to be great," thought Kate. Her best friend, Sarah, had been absent from school for the ...

308

Gastrointestinal colonization with ESBL-producing Klebsiella in preterm babies--is vancomycin to blame?  

PubMed

In this study, we examine the possible association between treatment with vancomycin and colonization with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Variables compared between newborns which developed rectal colonization and those who did not include: gestational age, birth weight, gender, and total length of hospital stay until positive stool culture or discharge, treatment with vancomycin, and positive blood culture for coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. We found that lower birth weight, younger gestational age, and treatment with vancomycin were statistically significant risk factors for gastrointestinal colonization with ESBL-producing Klebsiella. When applying a multivariate model, treatment with vancomycin, both for a full 10-day course and for a short 3-day empirical treatment, remained statistically significant. Treatment with vancomycin is a risk factor for gastrointestinal colonization with ESBL-producing Klebsiella in premature babies. PMID:21814760

Ofek-Shlomai, N; Benenson, S; Ergaz, Z; Peleg, O; Braunstein, R; Bar-Oz, B

2011-08-04

309

Changes in care and outcome of very preterm babies in the Parisian region between 1998 and 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo assess evolution in the care and health of very preterm babies between 1998 and 2003 after implementation of a regionalisation policy in France.DesignComparison of two population-based cohorts.SettingThe Parisian region.PatientsAll live births at 24–31 weeks of gestation in 1997 (EPIPAGE study, n=488) and in 2003 (MOSAIC study, n=580).InterventionsImplementation of regionalised perinatal networks.Main outcome measuresIn-hospital mortality and morbidity, including intraventricular haemorrhage

Jennifer Zeitlin; Pierre-Yves Ancel; Dominique Delmas; Gérard Bréart; Emile Papiernik

2010-01-01

310

Peakons and Q-balls in the baby Skyrme model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we investigate the Q-ball Ansatz in the baby Skyrme model. First, the appearance of peakons, i.e. solutions with extremely large absolute values of the second derivative at maxima, is analyzed. It is argued that such solutions are intrinsic to the baby Skyrme model and do not depend on the detailed form of a potential used in calculations. Next, we concentrate on compact nonspinning Q-balls. We show the failure of a small parameter expansion in this case. Finally, we explore the existence and parameter dependence of Q-ball solutions.

Lis, Jakub [Department of Field Theory, Institute of Physics at the Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)

2011-10-15

311

Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages.

2012-01-01

312

Escherichia coli with Resistance Factors in Vegetarians, Babies, and Nonvegetarians  

PubMed Central

The prevalence of Escherichia coli carrying resistance factors (R factors) was examined in meat-consuming individuals and in those not consuming meat (vegetarians and babies below the age of 6 months). Assuming that the transport of resistant E. coli from animals through meat and meat products to the human consumer is most important, with regard to the incidence of resistant E. coli in man, we expected a significant difference in the proportions of people with resistant E. coli between the two groups. However, the percentage with resistant E. coli was larger in the group of vegetarians and babies than in the group of meat-eating individuals.

Guinee, P.; Ugueto, N.; van Leeuwen, N.

1970-01-01

313

Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

314

What Parents Can Do: Babies & Toddlers | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... Feature: Oral Health What Parents Can Do: Babies & Toddlers Past Issues / Summer 2012 Table of Contents Healthy ... only with water. 4. Feed your baby or toddler healthy foods. Choose foods without a lot of ...

315

Let Baby Set the Delivery Date: Wait Until 39 Weeks if You Can  

MedlinePLUS

... please review our exit disclaimer . Subscribe Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Wait Until 39 Weeks if ... search option Features Autism Spectrum Disorder Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Wise Choices Links For a ...

316

Taking Care of You and Your Baby While You're Pregnant  

MedlinePLUS

... tilefish. These fish sometimes have high levels of mercury, which could hurt your baby. If you eat ... and other heavy metals, such as copper and mercury, could be damaging to the baby. However, working ...

317

Gender Differences in Delinquent Involvement: An Exploration of the Interactive Effects of Friend Bonding and Friend Delinquency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The criminological literature faces a paradox regarding gender, friend relationships, and delinquency. Past research shows that while friends are an important part of adolescence for both young men and young women, males are more likely to have delinquent friends, and male friendships are more likely to cultivate delinquency. Past studies indicate that “girl friends are better” for inhibiting delinquency. Beyond

Meredith G. F. Worthen

2012-01-01

318

Lovers and Friends: Understanding Friends with Benefits Relationships and those Involved  

Microsoft Academic Search

Friends with benefits relationships (FWBRs) are defined as sexual relationships between two individuals who are friends, though they are not emotionally intimate or committed to one another. Little FWBR research has explored who is most likely to become involved in FWBRs and how personality may affect their FWB experiences. With the present study, I examined two aspects of personality that

Lydia Kathleen Merriam-Pigg

2012-01-01

319

Trust-based protocols for regulating online, friend-of-a-friend communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

An online community is a group whose members are connected by means of information technologies, typically the Internet rather than face to face. Online communities allow social and cultural barriers to be spanned for communication. Social communities rely on interpersonal trust to regulate cohesion in their communities. After a general discussion, we offer protocols that extend viability of friend-of-a-friend framework

Henry Hexmoor

2010-01-01

320

'Would You Be My Friend?' - Creating a Mobile Friend Network with 'Hot in the City  

Microsoft Academic Search

An emerging technology called Near Field Communication (NFC) is used to enable touch between mobile devices. This paper describes how a mobile social media system called 'Hot in the City' (HIC) enables people to make friend connections on the spot when they meet each other. We first describe the HIC system, and then explain how the visibility of friends is

Juha Häikiö; Tuomo Tuikka; Erkki Siira; Vili Törmänen

2010-01-01

321

SOME ASPECTS OF PROSODY OF FRIENDLY FORMAL AND FRIENDLY INFORMAL SPEAKING STYLES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigates acoustic correlates associated with friendly formal and friendly informal speaking styles. A small corpus of speech was recorded by a native speaker of American English. The results revealed that that the most distinctive feature differentiating the two styles is the fundamental frequency. There was also a small difference found in the articulation rate and RMS energy

Dmitry Sityaev; Gabriel Webster; Norbert Braunschweiler; Sabine Buchholz; Kate Knill

322

Meeting Strangers and Friends of Friends: How Random Are Social Networks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a dynamic model of network formation where nodes find other nodes with whom to form links in two ways: some are found uniformly at random, while others are found by searching locally through the current structure of the network (e.g., meeting friends of friends). This combination of meeting processes results in a spectrum of features exhibited by large

Matthew O. Jackson; Brian W. Rogers

2007-01-01

323

Baby boomers and busters: an exploratory investigation of attitudes toward marketing, advertising and consumerism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to compare and contrast various marketing- and consumer-related attitudes and behavior across the baby boomer (those born between 1946-1964) and baby buster (those born between 1965-1976) generations. Study results suggest that baby busters, compared with baby boomers, are more favorably predisposed toward marketing and advertising. It was also found that the two generations

James A. Roberts; Chris Manolis

2000-01-01

324

Early Language Stimulation of Down's Syndrome Babies: A study on the optimum age to begin  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we began with a concern for the marked delay in language acquisition suffered by Down's syndrome babies and how early treatment affects the subsequent observed development. 36 Down's syndrome babies were incorpored to experiment at different ages: new borns, 90 days and 180 days old babies, until eighteen months of age. The results obtained established statistically significant

María Teresa Sanz Aparicio; Javier Menéndez Balańa

2002-01-01

325

Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.

2007-01-01

326

Bringing New Families to the Museum One Baby at a Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Bring Your Baby to the Danforth Museum of Art" is a program for mothers. Unlike other museum programs that focus on the needs of children, Bring Your Baby caters to the intellectual interests of the adult parent. Parents learn about artworks, play with babies in a beautiful environment, and socialize with other families. The program is a joyful…

Herman, Alicia

2012-01-01

327

Rocking & Rolling: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families. Helping Babies Make Transitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors discuss three steps to helping babies with transitions: observe, ask, and respond (OAR). They advise teachers about how to ask a family questions about their baby and how to give the family suggestions to alleviate the baby's stress, without offending family members. This column includes a list of recommended resources. (Contains 7…

Merrill, Sarah; Britt, Donna

2008-01-01

328

Infection with netilmicin resistant Serratia marcescens in a special care baby unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outbreak of colonisation and infection with a netilmicin resistant strain of Serratia marcescens occurred in a special care baby unit. S marcescens was isolated from a total of 13 babies; significant infection occurred in five, of whom two died. Epidemiological investigation failed to detect a common source but gastrointestinal colonisation of babies formed a prolonged and possibly important reservoir

D A Lewis; P M Hawkey; WattsJA; D C Speller; R J Primavesi; P J Fleming; T L Pitt

1983-01-01

329

The Loss of a Baby and the Birth of the Next Infant: The Mother's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers the area of perinatal death by focusing on the mother's experience. An argument is made for questioning whether mothers attempt to replace a dead infant. It is suggested instead that they long to mother their lost baby and as a result their new infant is mothered in the shadow of the dead baby. The term "penumbra baby" is…

Reid, Marguerite

2007-01-01

330

16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section...ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. Each...

2013-01-01

331

Neonatal outcome at Modilon Hospital, Madang: a 5-year review.  

PubMed

An audit of neonatal care at Modilon Hospital, Madang was performed using obstetric and neonatal data for the five years 1995-1999. The overall perinatal mortality rate (PNMR) was 51.1 per 1000 total births with an early neonatal mortality rate (ENNMR) of 12.7 and a stillbirth rate (SBR) of 38.5. 839 neonates aged 0-28 days were admitted to the Special Care Nursery. The male to female ratio was 1.3:1. 186 babies (22%) died. The case fatality rate was higher in males than females (p<0.001). Babies born at health centres or born before arrival had a significantly higher fatality rate than hospital-born babies (p<0.001). The case fatality rate was highest in babies born preterm and declined with increasing birthweight from less than 1000 to 3999 g. The major recorded causes of admission were neonatal sepsis, prematurity, neonatal jaundice, birth asphyxia, respiratory distress and meconium aspiration syndrome. 60% of deaths occurred within 48 hours of admission, 32% between 48 hours and 7 days and 8% at 7 days or older. The proportion of deaths occurring during the afternoon and night shifts was significantly higher than that during the morning shift (p<0.001). This was most likely to be related to staffing levels. The major causes of death were prematurity or low birthweight (27%), sepsis (23%) and birth asphyxia (17%). Other causes of death included congenital abnormalities, meconium aspiration and meningitis. Antenatal care is still not universally available for Papua New Guinean women. Home delivery of high-risk mothers is commonplace, and women delivering in hospital often present in established labour. Perinatal and neonatal problems are therefore frequent. Newborn babies have the right to the best available care. This can only be provided if hospitals and health facilities understand the basic requirements of neonatal care and provide designated space, adequate staffing and proper equipment. PMID:16450779

Jimmy, Stella; Kemiki, Adedayo D; Vince, John D

332

Baby Boomers in an Active Adult Retirement Community: Comity Interrupted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This article explores a clash between incoming Baby Boomers and older residents in an active adult retirement community (AARC). We examine issues of social identity and attitudes as these groups encounter each other. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from a multiyear ethnographic study of social relations in senior housing.…

Roth, Erin G.; Keimig, Lynn; Rubinstein, Robert L.; Morgan, Leslie; Eckert, J. Kevin; Goldman, Susan; Peeples, Amanda D.

2012-01-01

333

Know a Baby Who Needs Help? Call ABC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The booklet describes Project ABC (Any Baby Can), a model networking effort to promote coordinated services for disabled and high-risk infants in San Antonio, Texas. The model features a volunteer, grass-roots emphasis in an aggressive community awareness campaign with a long-term goal of improving the effectiveness of social services and health…

Kromer, Megan E.

334

Baby Boomers Mature and Gerontological Counseling Comes of Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gerontological counseling is the wave of the profession's future. With the majority of 76 million baby boomers beginning to turn 60 years old in 2006, there will be a great need for preretirement to end-of-life counselors. This article focuses on (a) the varied influences of this group on the U.S. and the nation's concerns and (b) theories,…

Maples, Mary Finn; Abney, Paul C.

2006-01-01

335

Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of…

Bradley, Ben S.

1994-01-01

336

Baby Boomers in an Active Adult Retirement Community: Comity Interrupted  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the Study: This article explores a clash between incoming Baby Boomers and older residents in an active adult retirement community (AARC). We examine issues of social identity and attitudes as these groups encounter each other. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from a multiyear ethnographic study of social relations in senior housing.…

Roth, Erin G.; Keimig, Lynn; Rubinstein, Robert L.; Morgan, Leslie; Eckert, J. Kevin; Goldman, Susan; Peeples, Amanda D.

2012-01-01

337

Babies Boost Skills by Taking Advantage of Rhythm and Ryhme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses a way to boost babies' skills by taking advantage of rhythm and rhyme. Becoming aware of rhyming sounds boosts brain activity and a child's early literacy ability. Adding singsong rhyming words to requests for attention is an effective way for teachers to get toddlers to listen to what they say. Rhymes and rhythms add zest…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

338

Critical analysis of visual function evaluating techniques in newborn babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most widely-used techniques for testing visual function in babies are reviewed. Advantages and limitations of optokinetic nystagmus testing, visual evoked responses and preferential looking techniques are considered. The theoretical basis and the clinical applicability of those techniques are outlined. Other simple methods are considered as well, which allow practicing ophthalmologists to assess the presence or absence of vision in

Emilio C. Campos; Carlo Chiesi

1985-01-01

339

The Development of Embodied Cognition: Six Lessons from Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embodiment hypothesis is the idea that intelligence emerges in the interaction of an agent with an environment and as a result of sensorimotor activity. In this paper we offer six lessons for developing embodied intelligent agents suggested by research in developmental psychology. We argue that starting as a baby grounded in a physical, social and linguistic world is crucial

Linda Smith; Michael Gasser

2005-01-01

340

The 2030 Problem: Caring for Aging Baby Boomers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To assess the coming challenges of caring for large numbers of frail elderly as the Baby Boom generation ages. Study Setting. Ar eview of economic and demographic data as well as simulations of projected socioeconomic and demographic patterns in the year 2030 form the basis of a review of the challenges related to caring for seniors that need to

James R. Knickman; Emily K. Snell

2002-01-01

341

We've Come a Long Way, Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students discuss several human reproductive technologies available today â pregnancy ultrasound, amniocentesis, in-vitro fertilization and labor anesthetics. They learn how each technology works, and that these are ways engineers have worked to improve the health of expecting mothers and babies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

342

Sign Language with Babies: What Difference Does It Make?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching sign language--to deaf or other children with special needs or to hearing children with hard-of-hearing family members--is not new. Teaching sign language to typically developing children has become increasingly popular since the publication of "Baby Signs"[R] (Goodwyn & Acredolo, 1996), now in its third edition. Attention to signing…

Barnes, Susan Kubic

2010-01-01

343

Aging Baby Boomers In a New Workforce Development System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The post-World War II baby boom generation has had a profound effect on public policy and the demand for public services. Because of its sheer number and shifting needs as it ages, the generation will continue to influence society for the next thirty year...

2011-01-01

344

Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

345

‘The alien baby’: Risk, blame and prenatal indeterminacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author uses the narrative of a mother, whose baby's Down Syndrome diagnosis was only ascertained days after his birth, to shed light upon the epistemological and social foundations of risk-medicine. This is a practice which, by seeking prediction through the working of probabilities, brings to the fore principles of uncertainty, indeterminacy, and ambiguity. The paper further portrays the salience

Sky E. Gross

2010-01-01

346

Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

2009-01-01

347

Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

Russell, Beth S.

2010-01-01

348

Probable Effect of Proposed Definitions for Certain Baby Socks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On May 26, 2006, the U.S. International Trade Commission (Commission) received arequest from the United States Trade Representative (USTR) that the Commission provideadvice as to the probable effect of a modification to the definition of baby socks on U.S...

2006-01-01

349

Shaken baby syndrome: A biomechanics analysis of injury mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration\\/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from severe motor vehicle crashes. We conducted an injury biomechanics analysis

Faris A. Bandak

2005-01-01

350

Baby Boomers And Beyond: Consumer Satisfaction With High Involvement Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic and social impact of the baby boomers and those older cannot be overstated. However, this demographic segment has been largely ignored by marketers and policy developers and there is still much to be learned about this growing and changing market's needs, purchase evaluations and behaviour. The conceptualisation of service performance and consumer satisfaction with services and their performance

Wendy Spinks; Meredith Lawley

351

Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

2009-01-01

352

Baby walkers: paediatricians' knowledge, attitudes, and health promotion.  

PubMed

Paediatricians were surveyed about baby walker knowledge, attitudes, and practice. Advising about walkers was associated with working in community paediatrics, treating walker related injuries, knowledge about walkers, and positive attitudes towards walker health promotion. Greater knowledge about walkers was associated with more negative attitudes to walkers. Educating paediatricians and parents about the risks of, and alternatives to using walkers is important. PMID:14670775

Rhodes, K; Kendrick, D; Collier, J

2003-12-01

353

Assessment of dietary intake of patulin from baby foods.  

PubMed

Patulin is a mycotoxin produced by microscopic fungi belonging to the Penicillium and Aspergillus genera, frequently detectable in moldy fruits and their derivatives fruit products. The EC Regulation 1881/06 has imposed the limit for the presence of patulin equal to 10 ?g/kg or 10 ?g/L in baby food on the basis of a PMTDI of 0.4 ?g/kg bw set by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). A total of 120 homogenized baby foods were analyzed to evaluate the exposure of baby and children to patulin through the consumption of these products. None of examined samples has shown a toxin concentration above the limit imposed by the law, however a PAT concentration equal to 9 ?g/kg was found in 22 samples, slightly below the fixed limit. The presence of patulin in marketed baby food can be regarded as a parameter indicative of the quality of raw materials used. PMID:21535575

Bonerba, Elisabetta; Conte, Rossella; Ceci, Edmondo; Tantillo, Giuseppina

2010-09-02

354

Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

Page, Jools

2011-01-01

355

Baby boomer retirement and the future of dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The dental workforce, like the Australian population, is ageing. As the large baby boomer cohort retires dental shortages will likely increase. Methods: Australian Bureau of Statistics census data from 1986 to 2001 were used to examine ageing of the dental workforce and attrition of dentists aged 50 years and over. The number of dentists to retire was projected over

DJ Schofield; SL Fletcher

2007-01-01

356

Know Yourself: Building Relationships with Teenagers and Their Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides general guidelines for home visitors who work with teenage parents and their babies to explore their own thoughts and feelings in relation to the young parents with whom they work and to develop a receptive posture in working with these clients. The authors first guide the reader through a series of questions to identify the…

Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

2007-01-01

357

[Mother-friendly childbirth practices and breastfeeding].  

PubMed

Childbirth, connecting the stages of pregnancy and postpartum, deeply affects maternal motivation with regard to initiating and continuing postnatal breastfeeding and ultimate breastfeeding success. Although promoting breastfeeding is a strategy critical to achieving wellbeing in both mothers and infants, there remains a lack of professional attention and related research into the effect of childbirth on breastfeeding. Promoting successful breastfeeding is a central component of childbirth-friendly nursing care. Therefore, this paper introduces the origin and concepts of mother-and-infant-friendly childbirth, then analyzes the influences on breastfeeding of medicalized birth practices and suggests how to implement childbirth-friendly interventions. This paper was written to help nurses better understand how the childbirth process affects breastfeeding and provide a reference for creating conditions during childbirth that encourage successful breastfeeding practices. PMID:23386519

Lin, Ya-Wen; Tzeng, Ya-Ling; Yang, Ya-Ling

2013-02-01

358

Delta-storage pool disease as a mimic of abusive head trauma in a 7-month-old baby: a case report.  

PubMed

A seven-month-old baby was admitted to a hospital emergency department after collapsing suddenly while staying with his nanny. The baby displayed classic symptoms of shaken baby syndrome, including subdural haemorrhage, cytotoxic cerebral oedema, and bilateral retinal hemorrhages. Child protection services were informed, but both the parents and the nanny denied any involvement. In the subsequent weeks, the baby developed three other episodes of new subdural bleeding and a medico-legal investigation was started into the origin of the repeated subdural bleeding. Eventually, platelet aggregation tests and electron microscopy diagnosed a delta-storage pool disease; that is, a haemostatic disorder involving dense granules of the platelets. Initial minor blunt trauma may have resulted in subdural bleeding, while subsequent retinal haemorrhage could have been facilitated by the underlying haemostatic disorder. Delta-storage pool disease should be considered as a possible mimic of abusive head trauma similar to other rare conditions such as Menkes disease and type 1 glutaric aciduria. PMID:23756525

De Leeuw, Marc; Beuls, Emile; Jorens, Philippe; Parizel, Paul; Jacobs, Werner

2013-04-11

359

Competence, Problem Behavior, and the Effects of Having No Friends, Aggressive Friends, or Nonaggressive Friends: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the longitudinal relations between competence (academic achievement and social preference) and problem behavior (loneliness and aggression) in 741 elementary school boys and girls in the Netherlands (Grades 1-5). Also, we examined the moderation effects of having no friends, aggressive friends, or nonaggressive friends on the…

Palmen, Hanneke; Vermande, Marjolijn M.; Dekovic, Maja; van Aken, Marcel A. G.

2011-01-01

360

Implementing the ten steps to successful breastfeeding in multiple hospitals serving low-wealth patients in the US: innovative research design and baseline findings  

PubMed Central

Background The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are maternity practices proven to support successful achievement of exclusive breastfeeding. They also are the basis for the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI). This study explores implementation of these steps in hospitals that serve predominantly low wealth populations. Methods A quasi-experimental design with mixed methods for data collection and analysis was included within an intervention project. We compared the impact of a modified Ten Steps implementation approach to a control group. The intervention was carried out in hospitals where: 1) BFHI designation was not necessarily under consideration, and 2) the majority of the patient population was low wealth, i.e., eligible for Medicaid. Hospitals in the research aspect of this project were systematically assigned to one of two groups: Initial Intervention or Initial Control/Later Intervention. This paper includes analyses from the baseline data collection, which consisted of an eSurvey (i.e., Carolina B-KAP), Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care survey tool (mPINC), the BFHI Self-Appraisal, key informant interviews, breastfeeding data, and formatted feedback discussion. Results Comparability was ensured by statistical and non-parametric tests of baseline characteristics of the two groups. Additional findings of interest included: 1) a universal lack of consistent breastfeeding records and statistics for regular monitoring/review, 2) widespread misinterpretation of associated terminology, 3) health care providers’ reported practices not necessarily reflective of their knowledge and attitudes, and 4) specific steps were found to be associated with hospital breastfeeding rates. A comprehensive set of facilitators and obstacles to initiation of the Ten Steps emerged, and hospital-specific practice change challenges were identified. Discussion This is one of the first studies to examine introduction of the Ten Steps in multiple hospitals with a control group and in hospitals that were not necessarily interested in BFHI designation, where the population served is predominantly low wealth, and with the use of a mixed methods approach. Limitations including numbers of hospitals and inability to adhere to all elements of the design are discussed. Conclusions For improvements in quality of care for breastfeeding dyads, innovative and site-specific intervention modification must be considered.

2013-01-01

361

Fatal extradural hemorrhage following a fall from a baby bouncer.  

PubMed

Prevention of infant deaths from accidental falls from baby equipment requires the maintaining of safety standards and adequate supervision of the infant. Mason in 1989 stated that those under one year old are usually injured because they are left unattended in, for example, bouncing cradles or baby walkers. Severe accidental head injury is relatively uncommon in children under two years of age, and in those patients less than one year of age, accidental injury is 10 to 15 times more common than nonaccidental injury. Gallagher et al. state that falls are the most common cause of accidental injury to the head in children under two years of age (mainly on stairs), whereas falls in older children tend to cause limb injuries. Both falls and burns are well documented with regard to the baby walker, but the author has found no reference to injuries from baby bouncers. This case proves that it is not necessary for a child to fall from a great height to sustain a life-threatening head injury. This infant's head was only about two feet from the ground, and he landed on a thick carpet. Pivoting about the central point provided by the seat of the bouncer obviously increased the momentum of the head before it struck the ground and so the injury was more severe than a straightforward fall back from his own height to the ground. However, it is important to be aware that serious head injuries can result from apparently minor falls. It is hoped that this case will highlight the dangers that do exist when using the baby bouncer, especially if the equipment is worn and adult supervision is absent. PMID:8989793

Claydon, S M

1996-12-01

362

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Baby Chick Ranikhet Disease Vaccine and Bangla Baby Chick Ranikhet Disease Vaccine in Fayoumi Chicks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was undertaken for testing the comparative efficacy of two live vaccines produced in Bangladesh to control Newcastle disease (ND) in chickens. One of these vaccines named 'baby chicks Ranikhet disease vaccine (BCRDV), a government vaccine produced by the Livestock Research Institute, Mohakhali, Dhaka, and the other named 'Bangla-BCRDV ® ', a commercial vaccine produced recently by a pharmaceutical

Zafar Ahmed Bhuiyan; Paritosh Kumar Biswas; M Nural Anwar; Abdul Ahad; Nitish Chandra Debnath

2006-01-01

363

Smart Mom's Baby-Sitting Co-Op Handbook: How We Solved the Baby-Sitter Puzzle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that a family with young children is under tremendous pressure and that a babysitting cooperative can give parents relief during a vital stage of a family's development, this book provides guidance for mothers of preschool children in starting and maintaining a Smart Mom's Babysitting Cooperative based on the University Place Baby-Sitting…

Myers, Gary

364

Incidence of Down's syndrome in a large Malaysian maternity hospital over an 18 month period.  

PubMed

Over an 18 month period, 34,522 livebirths were delivered in the Maternity Hospital, Kuala Lumpur. 36 of them had Down's Syndrome. Based on our findings, the incidence of Down's syndrome among the Malaysian babies born in this hospital was 1:959 livebirths. According to racial distributions, the incidence among Malay was 1:981 livebirths, Chinese 1:940 livebirths, and Indian 1:860 livebirths. Our incidence was lower than those from the Western populations. Unlike others' studies, there was also a female preponderance of Down's syndrome among the Malaysian babies. PMID:2531468

Hoe, T S; Boo, N Y; Clyde, M M

1989-06-01

365

Generations at School: Building an Age-Friendly Workplace  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In schools around the country, Gen Xers, Millennials, Baby Boomers, and even a Veteran or two are working side by side. While anyone holding a job in this shaky economy is grateful, gratitude does not make generational clashes less difficult. Adding to the mix, many Baby Boomers initially poised for a mass exodus by 2010 are holding on for dear…

Lovely, Suzette

2010-01-01

366

Compare Hospitals  

MedlinePLUS

... consider upgrading to the latest version of Firefox , Internet Explorer , or Chrome . Please note: The information on this site is derived from hospitals’ voluntary submissions of The Leapfrog Hospital Survey. This data is derived from third parties, and ...

367

Patient Satisfaction at America's Lowest Performing Hospitals  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Previous studies have identified hospitals with poor performance on cardiac process measures. How these hospitals fare in other domains such as patient satisfaction remains unknown. METHODS We used Hospital Compare data to identify hospitals that reported acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and heart failure (HF) process measures for 2006–2008 and calculated respective composite performance scores. Using these scores, we classified hospitals as low-performing (bottom decile for all three years), top-performing (top decile for all three years), and intermediate (all others). We used Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems 2008 data to compare overall satisfaction between low, intermediate, and top-performing hospitals. RESULTS Low-performing hospitals had fewer beds, fewer nurses per-patient, and were more likely rural, safety-net hospitals located in the South, compared to intermediate and top-performing hospitals (P<0.01 for all). After adjusting for hospital characteristics, patients were less likely to recommend low-performing hospitals to family or friends, relative to intermediate and top-performing hospitals (AMI: 58.8 vs. 63.9% vs. 68.8%, HF: 61.3% vs. 64.0% vs. 66.8%, P<0.001 for all) or provide an overall rating of ?9 out of 10 (AMI: 56.7% vs. 60.7% vs. 64.9%, HF: 57.8% vs. 61.1% vs. 63.6% P<0.01 for all). However, we also noted discordance between a hospital’s performance on process measures and patient satisfaction (kappa statistic<0.20). CONCLUSION Hospitals with consistently poor performance on cardiac process measures also have lower patient satisfaction on average suggesting that these hospitals have overall poor quality of care. However, there is discordance between the two measures in profiling hospital quality.

Girotra, Saket; Cram, Peter; Popescu, Ioana

2012-01-01

368

Enabling Family-Friendly Cultural Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies to address the problem of work and family balance have begun emerging in recent years. Many American college and universities have begun to adopt this "family-friendly policies," such as tenure-clock extensions. Each of the policies to enable work and family balance, however, is situated within the broader academic culture. Departmental…

Quinn, Kate; Yen, Joyce W.; Riskin, Eve A.; Lange, Sheila Edwards

2007-01-01

369

Applying Brain-Friendly Instructional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author offers advice for principals on working with teachers to change the instructional climate and on how to apply brain-friendly instructions to improve the effectiveness of one's teaching. To lead an entire district toward the use of brain-compatible instruction, the author suggests to start with a group of motivated…

Erlauer-Myrah, Laura

2006-01-01

370

Dyslexia Friendly Schools in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article starts by examining the background to dyslexia support within the context of the National Literacy Strategy in the United Kingdom. It then critically discusses some of the perceived shortcomings of current support for children with dyslexia, and how this has led to the development of a "dyslexia friendly" schools movement in the…

Riddick, Barbara

2006-01-01

371

Family and Friends: For Those Who Care  

MedlinePLUS

... recover fully. For this reason, it's important for people with CFS to have the support of family and friends as they ... lot. As CFS progresses, the sleep disorder changes. People with CFS (PWCs) may have difficulty falling or staying asleep. They awaken unrefreshed, ...

372

Applying Brain-Friendly Instructional Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author offers advice for principals on working with teachers to change the instructional climate and on how to apply brain-friendly instructions to improve the effectiveness of one's teaching. To lead an entire district toward the use of brain-compatible instruction, the author suggests to start with a group of motivated…

Erlauer-Myrah, Laura

2006-01-01

373

Students' Facebook "Friends": Public and Private Spheres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of "friends". This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student users of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as…

West, Anne; Lewis, Jane; Currie, Peter

2009-01-01

374

Going Green: Environmentally Friendly Schools Pay Off  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The notion of campuses that are energy-efficient and ecologically friendly, and that provide a healthy, productive, comfortable environment for students and staff has been around for some time. But for many educators, green schools have remained more good intention than proven approach, a huge risk that few school leaders could--or would--take.…

LaFee, Scott

2008-01-01

375

Homosexual and Heterosexual Love and Friend Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored homosexual and heterosexual friend and love relationships as measured by Wright's (1984) Acquaintance Description Form-Final (ADF-F). It was hypothesized that homosexual relationships would vary from heterosexual relationships on certain aspects of the relationships. Homosexual subjects (N=78) responded toward a target person…

Gorman, Nanette M.; And Others

376

Kid-Friendly Cities Report Card, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report examines the health and wellbeing of children in the United States' largest cities, covering every city with a population of 100,000 or more, as well as the largest cities in states without any cities of this size. Research shows that many cities are becoming more child-friendly, with better access to good education, jobs, and health…

Polansky, Lee S., Ed.

2001-01-01

377

Social capital: the benefit of Facebook ‘friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated the role Facebook use plays in the creation or maintenance of social capital among university students in South Africa. Data were collected using questionnaires completed by over 800 students from 7 universities. The questionnaire was obtained from a study conducted in Michigan State University (Ellison N.B., Steinfield, C., and Lampe, C., 2007. The benefits of Facebook “Friends”:

Kevin Johnston; Maureen Tanner; Nishant Lalla; Dori Kawalski

2011-01-01

378

Kid-Friendly Cities Report Card, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the health and wellbeing of children in the United States' largest cities, covering every city with a population of 100,000 or more, as well as the largest cities in states without any cities of this size. Research shows that many cities are becoming more child-friendly, with better access to good education, jobs, and health…

Polansky, Lee S., Ed.

2001-01-01

379

Participants in "Friends with Benefits" Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of survey data from 1013 undergraduates at a large southeastern university revealed that over half (51%) reported experience in a "friends with benefits" relationship. In comparing the background characteristics of participants with nonpartipants in a FWBR, ten statistically significant findings emerged. Findings included that…

Puentes, Jennifer; Knox, David; Zusman, Marty E.

2008-01-01

380

Higgs friends and counterfeits at hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

We consider the possibility of 'Higgs counterfeits' - scalars that can be produced with cross sections comparable to the SM Higgs, and which decay with identical relative observable branching ratios, but which are nonetheless not responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking. We also consider a related scenario involving 'Higgs friends,' fields similarly produced through gg fusion processes, which would be discovered through diboson channels WW,ZZ,{gamma}{gamma}, or even {gamma}Z, potentially with larger cross sections times branching ratios than for the Higgs. The discovery of either a Higgs friend or a Higgs counterfeit, rather than directly pointing towards the origin of the weak scale, would indicate the presence of new colored fields necessary for the sizable production cross section (and possibly new colorless but electroweakly charged states as well, in the case of the diboson decays of a Higgs friend). These particles could easily be confused for an ordinary Higgs, perhaps with an additional generation to explain the different cross section, and we emphasize the importance of vector boson fusion as a channel to distinguish a Higgs counterfeit from a true Higgs. Such fields would naturally be expected in scenarios with 'effective Z's,' where heavy states charged under the SM produce effective charges for SM fields under a new gauge force. We discuss the prospects for discovery of Higgs counterfeits, Higgs friends, and associated charged fields at the LHC.

Fox, Patrick J.; /Fermilab; Tucker-Smith, David; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Williams Coll. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study; Weiner, Neal; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study

2011-04-01

381

Class List [not equal to] Friend List  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Amy Hestir Student Protection Act, also known as the Missouri Facebook Law, forbids exclusive or private conversations between teachers and students on Facebook. A judge has granted an injunction against it, but this issue has sparked a debate among teachers about whether they should be Facebook friends with current students and in what ways…

Hunter, Eileen

2012-01-01

382

Best Friends' Discussions of Social Dilemmas.  

PubMed

Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best friends (191 dyads; 53.4 % female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad members completed a self-report measure of friendship quality. Dyadic data analyses guided by the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model indicated that adolescent and friend reports of friendship qualities were related to the forms of reasoning used during discussion. Friends who both reported that they could resolve conflicts in a constructive way were more likely to use moral reasoning than friends who reported that their conflict resolution was poor or disagreed on the quality of their conflict resolution. The findings provide evidence for the important role that friendship interaction may play in adolescents' social and moral development. PMID:23666555

McDonald, Kristina L; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H

2013-05-11

383

CONTENTS A MESSAGE TO OUR FRIENDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

So here is a brief overview of the news that reflects the efforts of the incredible partnership that The Help Group comprises - a partnership of our Board of Directors, administration, faculty, governmental colleagues, philanthropic friends working together to support our mission to serve children with special needs and their families. Although this is just a snapshot, we hope that

Garth Ancier; Bruce Berman; Janice Berman; Danny Bramson; James L. Brooks; Amy Brenneman; Brad Silberling; Victor Coleman; Bruce C. Corwin; Dick Costello; Greg Daniels; Robert Davidow; Sharon Davis; Michael Eisner; Mel Elias; Lee Gabler; Jim Gianopulos; Jonathan Glaser; Brian Grazer; Dean Schramm; Sandy Grushow; Sam Haskell; Robert Hertzberg; Andy Heyward; Quincy Jones; Michael Kassan; Brian Kennedy; Arnie Kleiner; Stuart Liner; Margaret Loesch; Marlee Matlin; Chris McGurk; Ron Meyer; Barry M. Meyer; Michael Milken; Lowell Milken; Sandra Milken; Dawn Ostroff; Richard J. Riordan; Fredric D. Rosen; Bruce Rosenblum; Haim Saban; Gary H. Carmona; Barbara Firestone; Susan Berk; Robert Dorman; David Firestone; Perry Katz; Martin Lasky; Jerrold Monkarsh; Chair Elect; Joy Monkarsh; Barry N. Nagoshiner; Judd Swarzman; Howard Tenenbaum; Richard M. Zelle

384

Secure friend discovery in mobile social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile social networks extend social networks in the cyberspace into the real world by allowing mobile users to discover and interact with existing and potential friends who happen to be in their physical vicinity. Despite their promise to enable many exciting applications, serious security and privacy concerns have hindered wide adoption of these networks. To address these concerns, in this

Wei Dong; Vacha Dave; Lili Qiu; Yin Zhang

2011-01-01

385

NEEM: Network-Friendly Epidemic Multicast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epidemic, or probabilistic, multicast protocols have emerged as a viable mech- anism to circumvent the scalability problems of reliable multicast protocols. How- ever, most existing epidemic approaches use connectionless transport protocols to exchange messages and rely on the intrinsic robustness of the epidemic dissemina- tion to mask network omissions. Unfortunately, such an approach is not network- friendly, since the epidemic

Jose Pereira; Luís Rodrigues; M. Joăo Monteiro; Rui Carlos Oliveira; Anne-marie Kermarrec; A.-M. Kermarrec

2003-01-01

386

The response of malnourished babies to cold  

PubMed Central

1. Twelve malnourished Jamaican children, aged 4-16 months, were studied before and after treatment, to see whether malnutrition impaired their response to cold. 2. When they were studied in the post-absorptive state and in a neutral thermal environment, they had a lower rate of oxygen consumption per kg body weight, a slower pulse rate, lower body temperatures, lower R.Q., and evidence of a smaller peripheral blood flow on admission to hospital than they did after recovery. 3. The malnourished children failed to increase their heat production above resting levels at 25° C, and their rectal temperature fell at a rate of 1° C/hr in spite of a further decrease in peripheral circulation. 4. When they had recovered they maintained their body temperature within the normal range on exposure to this temperature, while increasing their heat production by 20%. The thermogenesis was apparently of the non-shivering type. 5. There was evidence of increased metabolic activity in the interscapular brown fat pad at 25° C both on admission and before discharge. In the malnourished children this activity was not sufficient to produce a measurable increase in total oxygen consumption. 6. Interscapular brown fat was examined at autopsy in thirteen malnourished and fifteen well nourished children aged 1-24 months. Lipid depletion was found in this tissue in the former but not in the latter. This may explain the impaired response of the malnourished child to cold. ImagesPlate 1

Brooke, O. G.; Harris, M.; Salvosa, Carmencita B.

1973-01-01

387

Willingness to pay to Reduce a Child’s Pesticide Exposure: Evidence from the Baby Food Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we estimate the price premium associated with organic baby food by applying a hedonic model to price and characteristic data for baby food products collected in two cities: Raleigh\\/Durham, North Carolina and San Jose, California. We use price per jar of baby food as the dependent variable and control for a number of baby food characteristics (e.g.,

Kelly B. Maguire; Nicole Owens; Nathalie B. Simon

2002-01-01

388

Can We Be (and Stay) Friends? Remaining Friends After Dissolution of a Romantic Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many individuals report being friends with their ex-romantic partners (Wilmot, Carbaugh, & Baxter, 1985), the literature regarding post-romantic friendships is very limited. We investigated whether satisfaction in the dissolved romantic relationship could predict post-romantic friendships and friendship maintenance. We found that the more satisfied individuals were during the dissolved romance, the more likely they were to remain friends and

Melinda Bullock; Jana Hackathorn; Eddie M. Clark; Brent A. Mattingly

2011-01-01

389

Parents' expectations of staff in the early bonding process with their premature babies in the intensive care setting: a qualitative multicenter study with 60 parents  

PubMed Central

Background During the first weeks of hospitalization, premature babies and their parents encounter difficulties in establishing early bonds and interactions. Only a few studies have explored what caregivers can do to meet parents' needs in relation to these interactions and help optimize them. This study sought to explore parents' perception of these first interactions and to identify the actions of caregivers that help or hinder its development. Methods Prospective study, qualitative discourse analysis of 60 face-to-face interviews conducted with 30 mothers and 30 fathers of infants born before 32 weeks of gestation (mean ± SD: 27 ± 2 weeks of gestational age), during their child's stay in one out of three NICUs in France. Interviews explored parental experience, from before birth up to the first month of life. Results Data analysis uncovered two main themes, which were independent of parents' geographical or cultural origin but differed between mothers and fathers. First, fathers described the bond with their child as composed more of words and looks and involving distance, while mothers experienced the bond more physically. Secondly, two aspects of the caregivers' influence were decisive: nurses' caring attitude towards baby and parents, and their communication with parents, which reduced stress and made interactions with the baby possible. This communication appeared to be the locus of a supportive and fulfilling encounter between parents and caregivers that reinforced parents' perception of a developing bond. Conclusions At birth and during the first weeks in the NICU, the creation of a bond between mothers and fathers and their premature baby is rooted in their relationship with the caregivers. Nurses' caring attitude and regular communication adapted to specific needs are perceived by parents as necessary preconditions for parents' interaction and development of a bond with their baby. These results might allow NICU staff to provide better support to parents and facilitate the emergence of a feeling of parenthood.

2013-01-01

390

Friends, Family Often the Suppliers in Underage Drinking, Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Friends, Family Often the Suppliers in Underage Drinking, Smoking: ... get their cigarettes and alcohol from family or friends, according to a Canadian study released Tuesday. Researchers ...

391

In Tribute: Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Friend of NIH  

MedlinePLUS

... Javascript on. In Tribute: Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Friend of NIH Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of ... NICHD) in Shriver's honor. Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Friend of NIH "… deep compassion for those in need." ...

392

European register of babies born to mothers with antiphospholipid syndrome.  

PubMed

This prospective multicentric register was initiated by the European Forum of Antiphospholipid Antibodies (APL) in 2003 after approval by local ethic committees. This register allows the investigation of infants after written informed parental consent. It collects mothers' clinical pattern of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), course and outcome of pregnancy, treatment and immunological status. For the babies, clinical and immunological examinations are performed at birth; neurodevelopmental conditions followed up to five years. A re-evaluation of lupus anticoagulant (LA), anticardiolipin (ACL) or other antibodies will be done if they are positive at birth to follow their kinetics. A descriptive and a case control study of babies with versus without APL at birth will be possible after the inclusion of 300 cases. PMID:15485110

Boffa, M C; Aurousseau, M H; Lachassinne, E; Dauphin, H; Fain, O; Le Toumelin, P; Uzan, M; Piette, J C; Derenne, S; Boinot, C; Avcin, T; Motta, M; Faden, D; Tincani, A

2004-01-01

393

Tolerance of baby cleansers in infants: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

This randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the tolerability of a new baby cleanser formulation Johnsons Top-to-Toe cleanser (JTT) on infantile skin. 180 healthy infants (60 in each group) were enrolled and JTT Sebamed Baby Liquid cleanser (SM), and lukewarm tap water were used on the skin of the subjects as whole body cleansers twice a week for 2 weeks. Assessment was done at baseline, 1 week and 2 weeks clinically by a dermatologist, instrumentally, and by the parents. Clinical assessment (erythema, edema, dryness and scaling); skin moisture content; skin surface pH; trans-epidermal water loss; skin oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin; and consumer satisfaction were the outcome measures. There was no significant erythema, edema, dryness, or scaling elicited by any of the three test components. Parents did not report any side-effects. All the three studied interventions used as whole body cleansers were efficacious and well tolerated by infants. PMID:20453263

Dizon, Ma Victoria; Galzote, Carlos; Estanislao, Ricco; Mathew, Noble; Sarkar, Rashmi

2010-03-15

394

Anaerobic cultures from preserved tissues of baby mammoth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbiological analysis of several cold-preserved tissue samples from the Siberian baby mammoth known as Lyuba revealed a number of culturable bacterial strains that were grown on anaerobic media at 3 oC. Lactic acid produced by LAB (lactic acid bacteria) group, usually by members of the genera Carnobacterium and Lactosphera, appears to be a wonderful preservative that keeps other bacteria from colonizing a system. Permafrost and lactic acid preserved the body of this one month-old baby mammoth and kept it in exceptionally good condition, resulting in this mammoth being the most complete sample of the species ever recovered. The diversity of novel psychrophilic anaerobic isolates was expressed on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic levels. Here, we discuss the specifics of the isolation of new psychrophilic strains, differentiation from trivial contamination, and preliminary results for characterization of the cultures.

Pikuta, Elena V.; Fisher, Daniel; Hoover, Richard B.

2011-09-01

395

Learning about having a baby in easy English.  

PubMed

Limited English ability hampers communication between pregnant women and midwives and can leave the pregnant woman anxious and put the mother or baby at risk. This article describes a new antenatal course called Learn about having a baby in easy English which has been successfully used with women who have very little English or are only moderately fluent. The 12-hour programme is designed to help women understand essential antenatal information, learn key English vocabulary and gain confidence in communicating in English with health professionals. It is co-taught by a midwife and English teacher and uses simple handouts. After running for three years, indicators suggest that it is playing a useful part in equipping women for labour and motherhood. PMID:23914678

Hansford, Judith; Forsdike, Joanne

2013-06-01

396

Influence of Deviant Friends on Delinquency: Searching for Moderator Variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three categories of potential moderators of the link between best friend's deviancy and boys' delinquency during early adolescence were investigated: personal (i.e., disruptiveneness profile during childhood, attitude toward delinquency), familial (i.e., parental monitoring, attachment to parents), and social (i.e., characteristics of other friends). Best friend's and other friends' deviancy were assessed during preadolescence through the use of peer ratings. Potential

Frank Vitaro; Mara Brendgen; Richard E. Tremblay

2000-01-01

397

Breast feeding best for the babies.  

PubMed

Recent information on breastfeeding has confirmed almost all the facts and beliefs known for centuries about mother's milk, i.e., it protects an infant and helps him/her grow optimally both physically and emotionally. Yet, no other child health promotional effort has been threatened in recent times as the practice of breastfeeding. It is not uncommon to find both rural and urban mothers who believe that infants fed on formula grow to be bonnier and healthier. Coupled with this belief is often their feeling that is is difficult to introduce semisolids, solids and top milk to an infant if the infant is unaccustomed to a bottle or a commercially available infant food in earlier weeks of life. 1 reason for this situation is the publicity blitz aimed at promotion of commercially available infant foods and the feeding bottle. In contrast to the aggressive promotion of formula feeding, there is a lack of information on breastfeeding and its promotion through the mass media. There is no food which has been invented to replace the mother's love or its suitability in terms of a child's physiological, nutritional, and emotional needs. The mammary gland allows mammals to nurture their offspring with their own milk, milk that is constituted in such a way that it optimally meets the needs of the offspring. This is evident from the comparison of milk from human and various animal sources. Each animal produces milk which is best suited for its survival and growth and which vastly differs from human milk. Breast milk is richer in carbohydrates, qualitatively superior in proteins and minerals, and is low in solute load. It is thus easily digestible by infants whether of low or normal birth weight or premature. Milk from animal sources is unsuitable for infants in the 1st few weeks. At least in terms of composition, breast milk is the most suitable milk among all the available milk for infants. It does not need money for purchase, fuel for warming, water for dilution, and reconstitution or utensils for preparations of feeds and bottles for feeding. It is well established that infants who are not breastfed have higher mortality rate, suffer from significantly higher morbidity, are hospitalized 10 times more often, and if they survive these hazards, suffer from moderate to severe malnutrition. Breastfeeding enhances the bond between the mother and her child and is a satisfying experience for the mother. Breastfeeding aids in the natural fall of the mother's body weight and provides a contraceptive effect PMID:12312103

Bhargava, S K

398

Evaluation of television consultations between a large neonatal care hospital and a community hospital.  

PubMed

Two-way television consultations between community hospital nurses and neonatologists at a nearby teaching hospital were conducted over a two- and one-half year period of time and were evaluated with respect to a baseline time period in which the television was not available. Screening for illness and prematurity in neonates occurred in a high risk population residing in a black, economically deprived, innercity area. Outcomes including transfer of sick babies from the community hospital to the large teaching hospital are analyzed in relation to prenatal maternal risk characteristics. Apgar scores, birth weight and gestational age. Evidence available suggests that television consultations facilitated formation of appropriate criteria for interhospital transfer and that routine clinical screening tests were performed more consistently following initiation of interhospital consultations. PMID:7354669

Jones, P K; Jones, S L; Halliday, H L

1980-01-01

399

Social spaces for young children in hospital.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: In the last number of years heightened interest has been attributed to the impact of hospital environments on children's psychosocial well-being. With policy largely built around adult assumptions, knowledge about what constitutes a child-friendly hospital environment from young children's perspectives has been lacking. If hospital environments are to aspire to being child friendly then the views of younger aged children must be taken into account. The current study investigated young children's perspectives of hospital social spaces to inform the design of the built environment of a new children's hospital. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative participatory design was employed. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews (one-to-one and group workshops) which incorporated art-based activities to actively engage young children. Fifty-five young children aged 5 to 8 years with various acute and chronic illnesses were recruited from inpatient, outpatient and emergency departments of three children's hospitals. RESULTS: Young children want a diversity of readily available, independently accessible, age, gender and developmentally appropriate leisure and entertainment facilities seamlessly integrated throughout the hospital environment. Such activities were invaluable for creating a positive hospital experience for children by combating boredom, enriching choice and control and reducing a sense of isolation through enhanced socialization. When in hospital, young children want to feel socially connected to the internal hospital community as well as to the outside world. Technology can assist to broaden the spectrum of children's social connectivity when in hospital - to home, school and the wider outside world. CONCLUSION: While technology offers many opportunities to support children's psychosocial well-being when in confined healthcare spaces, the implementation and operation of such services and systems require much further research in the areas of ethics, facilitation, organizational impact and evaluation. PMID:23294129

Lambert, V; Coad, J; Hicks, P; Glacken, M

2013-01-01

400

Sex and Babies: Pregnant Couples' Postnatal Sexual Concerns  

PubMed Central

What are pregnant couples' concerns regarding their sexual relationship after their baby's arrival? A study in regard to this question was conducted with five prenatal groups (n = 82). Its results are presented in this article. The sexual concerns are categorized as being about physical matters, psychological issues, adaptation issues, and anticipatory planning. A review of the literature then develops the theoretical interpretation of each of the sexual concerns and offers suggestions for childbirth educators to address some of these issues.

Polomeno, Viola

1999-01-01

401

Do mothers want professional carers to love their babies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that ‘love’ played in mothers’ decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce (DfES, 2004; HMT, 2009). This is

Jools Page

2011-01-01

402

Communication in Europe on Semicarbazide and Baby Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the European Food Safety Authority's (EFSA) communications approach to a sensitive issue—the presence of semicarbazide in baby food—and in particular how the Authority co?ordinated the communications of its risk assessment findings with the European Commission, Member States and stakeholders in order to provide consumers in Europe with an accurate and meaningful message. Following the presentation of the

Irene van Geest

2006-01-01

403

Infant feeding. 5. Managing baby related feeding challenges.  

PubMed

'Infant feeding' is the 12th series of 'Midwifery basics' targeted at practising midwives. The aim of these articles is to inform and encourage readers to seek further information through a series of activities relating to the topic. In this fifth article Joyce Marshall considers a range of baby related issues that pose challenges for both mothers and midwives in relation to infant feeding. PMID:23461236

Marshall, Joyce

2013-02-01

404

The Baby Boom and World War II: A Macroeconomic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that one major cause of the U.S. postwar baby boom was the increased demand for female labour during World War II. We develop a quantitative dynamic general equilibrium model with endogenous fertility and female labour-force participation decisions. We use the model to assess the long-term implications of a one-time demand shock for female labour, such as the one

Matthias Doepke; Moshe Hazan; Yishay D. Maoz

2008-01-01

405

Beneficial Impression Management: Strategically Controlling Information to Help Friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was hypothesized that people will strategically regulate information about the identities of friends to help them create desired impressions on audiences. Experiment 1 demonstrated that participants described a friend consistently with the qualities preferred by an attractive, opposite-sex individual but inconsistently with the qualities preferred by an unattractive, opposite-sex individual. Experiment 2 showed that a friend who had a

Barry R. Schlenker; Thomas W. Britt

1999-01-01

406

IntRank: Interaction Ranking-Based Trustworthy Friend Recommendation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks are fundamental to virtual communities (e.g., forums, blogs) and virtual communities benefit from well-established social networks. As making friends with other members is a common way to establish social relationships and people need to decide whom they should trust when making friends, friend recommendation has received considerable attention in virtual communities. Towards this goal, we first formulate hypotheses

Lizi Zhang; Hui Fang; Wee Keong Ng; Jie Zhang

2011-01-01

407

More Colleges Are Adding Family-Friendly Benefits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results of a new survey of family-friendly benefits by the Center for the Education of Women at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor show that stopping the tenure clock has become the most common family-friendly benefit in higher education, following paid maternity leave. Other family-friendly policies that top the list in academe allow…

Wilson, Robin

2008-01-01

408

Similarities between Friends and Nonfriends in Middle Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessed similarities between 192 target children and their friends and nonfriends. Found that children and friends were more similar to one another than nonfriends across the dataset. Friendship similarities were greater in antisocial behavior than in other domains. Similarities between friends in sociometric status and size of the friendship…

Haselager, Gerbert J. T.; Hartup, Willard W.; van Lieshout, Cornelis F. M.; Riksen-Walraven, J. Marianne A.

1998-01-01

409

"Friending" Professors, Parents and Bosses: A Facebook Connection Conundrum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ever-growing popularity of Facebook has led some educators to ponder what role social networking might have in education. The authors examined student reactions to friend requests from people outside their regular network of friends including professors, parents, and employers. We found students have the most positive reactions to friend

Karl, Katherine A.; Peluchette, Joy V.

2011-01-01

410

How many girls will accept your friend request on Facebook?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this short note we try to find an approximate answer as to how many girls will accept your friend request sent on Facebook. We assume that the total friend requests sent is n and use basic statistics theory to find an approximate formula to the number of girls who will accept your friend request.

Manjil P. Saikia

411

For Family and Friends: How Can I Help?  

MedlinePLUS

Fact Sheet - For Family and Friends: How Can I Help? What Can I Do? It is often difficult for family and friends to know what to do to help a ... say them. This uncertainty can cause family and friends to withdraw and distance themselves, leaving the patient ...

412

Behavior State Matching during Interactions of Preadolescent Friends versus Acquaintances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studied pairs of preadolescents who were close friends and pairs who were acquaintances. Coherence in friends' behavior states and in acquaintances' vocal activity suggested that friends more often shared the same behavior state and acquaintances more often paid attention to turn-taking signals. (GLR)|

Field, Tiffany; And Others

1992-01-01

413

Perceptions of friendly insult greetings in interpersonal relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effects of relationship development level and sexual composition within the relationship upon perceptions of the demand relevance (acceptability and frequency) of a devious communication demand (friendly insult greetings). Acceptability and frequency increased through stranger, acquaintance, and friend levels under same?sex conditions and increased between acquaintance and friend levels under opposite?sex conditions. No differences were indicated between

William G. Powers; Robert B. Glenn

1979-01-01

414

Self-Presentation when Sharing with Friends and Nonfriends  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of past studies of sharing among friends and nonfriends have been mixed, with some studies finding that children share more with nonfriends than friends, and others finding either the reverse or no difference. This study examined the effects of self-presentational concerns on sharing with peers. Kindergartners, fourth- and eighth-graders shared with a peer (friend, acquaintance, or disliked peer)

Duane Buhrmester; Jaime Goldfarb; Deborah Cantrell

1992-01-01

415

FACOPT: a user friendly FACility layout OPTimization system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The facility layout problem is a well-researched one. However, few effective and user friendly approaches have been proposed. Since it is an NP hard problem, various optimization approaches for small problems and heuristic approaches for the larger problems have been proposed. For the most part the more effective algorithms are not user friendly. On the other hand, user-friendly methods have

Jaydeep Balakrishnan; Chun-Hung Cheng; Kam-fai Wong

2003-01-01

416

Associations between friends' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors.  

PubMed

Dieting, unhealthy weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors are common among adolescents: friends are a probable source of influence on these behaviors. The present study uses data provided by nominated friends to examine associations between friends' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors and participants' own behaviors in a diverse sample of American youth. Male and female adolescents (mean age = 14.4) completed surveys and identified their friends from a class roster; friends' survey data were then linked to each participant. Participants (N = 2126) who had at least one nominated friend were included in the analytic sample. Independent variables were created using the same weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors reported by nominated friends, and were used in logistic regression models to test associations between participants' and their friends' behaviors, stratified by gender. Results indicated that dieting, disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors were common in this sample, and selected friends' behaviors were associated with the same behaviors in participants. For example, girls whose friends reported extreme weight control behaviors had significantly greater odds of using these behaviors than girls whose friends did not report these same behaviors (OR = 2.39). This research suggests that friends' weight- and shape-related behaviors are a feature of social relationships, and is the first report demonstrating these associations for muscle-enhancing behaviors. Capitalizing on the social element may be important to the development of increasingly effective intervention and prevention programs. PMID:23010337

Eisenberg, Marla E; Wall, Melanie; Shim, Jin Joo; Bruening, Meg; Loth, Katie; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2012-09-01

417

Health and Functioning Among Baby Boomers Approaching 60  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether the health and functioning of the Baby Boom generation are better or worse than those of previous cohorts in middle age. Methods Trend analysis of vital statistics and self-reports from the National Health Interview Survey for the 40–59 population. Specific outcomes (years of data): mortality (1982–2004); poor or fair health (1982–2006); nine conditions (1997–2006); physical functional limitations (1997–2006); and needing help with personal care, routine needs, or either (1997–2006). Results In 2005, the mortality rate of 59-year-olds, the leading edge of the Baby Boom, was 31% lower than that of 59-year-olds in 1982 (8.3 vs. 12.1 per 1,000). There was a similar proportional decline in poor/fair health, but the decline reversed in the last decade. From 1997 to 2006, the prevalence of reports of four conditions increased significantly, but this trend may reflect improvements in diagnosis and treatment. Functional limitations and need for help with routine needs were stable, but the need for help with personal care, while quite low, increased. Discussion Trends varied by indicator, period, and age. It is surprising that, given the socioeconomic, medical, and public health advantages of Baby Boomers throughout their lives, they are not doing considerably better on all counts.

Freedman, Vicki A.; Schoeni, Robert F.; Andreski, Patricia M.

2009-01-01

418

Do baby walkers delay onset of walking in young children?  

PubMed

Baby walkers have been a source of considerable controversy. Some people suggest developmental benefit from their use while others focus on the potential harm that stems from accidents and even suggest developmental delay. This mini-review aimed to determine if use of a baby walker delays affects the onset of walking. The Cochrane library, Embase, CINAHL and Medline were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies, which compared the onset of walking in infants who used baby walkers with a group who did not. Two RCTs and two cohort studies were identified and available for consideration. All of the studies examined the effect of infant walkers on the onset of walking. The results of the two RCTs did not demonstrate a significant effect on the onset of walking. The cohort studies suggest that the use of infant walkers delayed the onset of walking in young children and a pooled analysis of the four studies suggested a delay of between 11 and 26 days. Although the quality of the studies was relatively poor these studies lend no support to the argument that walkers aid the development of walking. The significance of a delay of this magnitude is however unclear. Further work is required to determine whether walkers are an independent causal factor in accidents. PMID:12447120

Burrows, Patricia; Griffiths, Peter

2002-11-01

419

Baby walkers--still a major cause of infant burns.  

PubMed

Baby walkers have been implicated in many forms of paediatric trauma, ranging from finger tip entrapment to severe head injury. Their relationship to childhood burns has been documented previously. The Department of Trade and Industry published further warnings in 1984 and the British Standards Institution in 1989. We wished to determine if the degree or frequency of thermal injury had been lessened by these recommendations. All parents of children under 15 months of age admitted to this unit in 1994 were asked if their child was in a baby walker at the time of injury. Eight of the 32 infants, aged between 6 and 12 months, were burned in their walking aid. Half of the burns were contact and half scalds, and the average in-patient stay was 8 days. One patient required formal resuscitation and three were grafted. The incidence and severity of thermal injury sustained in baby walkers remains at a high level despite increased safety measures. Perhaps it is time to concur with the American Academy of Paediatrics and recommend a ban on these dangerous aids. PMID:9426918

Cassell, O C; Hubble, M; Milling, M A; Dickson, W A

1997-08-01

420

Connecting Hospitalized Patients with Their Families: Case Series and Commentary  

PubMed Central

The overall aim of this project was to ascertain the utilization of a custom-designed telemedicine service for patients to maintain close contact (via videoconference) with family and friends during hospitalization. We conducted a retrospective chart review of hospitalized patients (primarily children) with extended hospital length of stays. Telecommunication equipment was used to provide videoconference links from the patient's bedside to friends and family in the community. Thirty-six cases were managed during a five-year period (2006 to 2010). The most common reasons for using Family-Link were related to the logistical challenges of traveling to and from the hospital—principally due to distance, time, family commitments, and/or personal cost. We conclude that videoconferencing provides a solution to some barriers that may limit family presence and participation in care for hospitalized patients, and as a patient-centered innovation is likely to enhance patient and family satisfaction.

Parsapour, Kourosh; Kon, Alexander A.; Dharmar, Madan; McCarthy, Amy K.; Yang, Hsuan-Hui; Smith, Anthony C.; Carpenter, Janice; Sadorra, Candace K.; Farbstein, Aron D.; Hojman, Nayla M.; Wold, Gary L.; Marcin, James P.

2011-01-01

421

Negotiating a friends with benefits relationship.  

PubMed

Friends with benefits (FWB) refers to "friends" who have sex. Study 1 (N = 125) investigated the prevalence of these relationships and why individuals engaged in this relationship. Results indicated that 60% of the individuals surveyed have had this type of relationship, that a common concern was that sex might complicate friendships by bringing forth unreciprocated desires for romantic commitment, and ironically that these relationships were desirable because they incorporated trust and comfort while avoiding romantic commitment. Study 2 (N = 90) assessed the relational negotiation strategies used by participants in these relationships. The results indicated that people in FWB relationships most often avoided explicit relational negotiation. Thus, although common, FWB relationships are often problematic for the same reasons that they are attractive. PMID:17851750

Bisson, Melissa A; Levine, Timothy R

2007-09-13

422

CAD Instructor Designs Eco-Friendly Shed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dissatisfied with the options offered by big box stores--and wanting to save some money and go as green as possible--the author puts his design and construction skills to good use. In this article, he shares how he designed and built an eco-friendly shed. He says he is very pleased with the results of working with his own design, reducing waste,…

Schwendau, Mark

2013-01-01

423

Dimethylcarbonate for eco-friendly methylation reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dimethylcarbonate (DMC), an environmentally friendly substitute for dimethylsulfate and methyl halides in methylation reactions, is a very selective reagent. Both under gas–liquid phase transfer catalysis (GL-PTC) and under batch conditions, with potassium carbonate as the catalyst, the reactions of DMC with methylene-active compounds (arylacetonitriles and arylacetoesters, aroxyacetonitriles and methyl aroxyacetates, benzylaryl- and alkylarylsulphones) produce monomethylated derivatives, with a selectivity not

S. Memoli; M. Selva; P. Tundo

2001-01-01

424

CAD Instructor Designs Eco-Friendly Shed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dissatisfied with the options offered by big box stores--and wanting to save some money and go as green as possible--the author puts his design and construction skills to good use. In this article, he shares how he designed and built an eco-friendly shed. He says he is very pleased with the results of working with his own design, reducing waste,…

Schwendau, Mark

2013-01-01

425

Playing it safe [human-friendly robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have presented a new actuation concept for human-friendly robot design, referred to as DM2. The new concept of DM2 was demonstrated on a two-degree-of-freedom prototype robot arm that we designed and built to validate our approach. The new actuation approach substantially reduces the impact loads associated with uncontrolled manipulator collision by relocating the major source of actuation effort from

MICHAEL ZINN; OUSSAMA KHATIB; BERNARD ROTH; J. KENNETH SALISBURY

2004-01-01

426

Hospital Ethics Committees: A Survey in Upstate New York  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  This survey describes in detail ethics committees (ECs) at acute care hospitals in Upstate New York. It finds that in just two years (1984 and 1985), following the Baby Doe controversy and the Report of the President’s Commission, 40% of urban ECs and 37% of university ECs were formed. One half of rural ECs formed in 1992–1995, following the Joint

Don Milmore

2006-01-01

427

An innovative simplified MCH score for assessing the ideal babies in well baby shows of postpartum outreach programme.  

PubMed

In India, a simple scoring method was used to select winners at 18 well-baby shows over the last five years in low-income areas of Kotla Mubarakpur and Gautam Nagar, in the Rajeev Gandhi Resettlement Colony, in jhuggi jhopri clusters around the All Institute of Medical Sciences (AAIMS) in New Delhi, and in the Bangladeshi refugee colony (Kidwai Nagar). The parameters used to select ideal babies were parents' age at marriage and educational status, mother's age at first birth, number of living children in relation to marriage duration, immunization status of living children, birth interval, contraceptive use, and routine criteria on general health and hygiene. Winners were chosen among infants, toddlers (1-2 years), and preschool children (2-5). Health promotional activities, maternal and child health (MCH) services, and family planning (FP) services were featured at the health camps where the well-baby shows occurred. 60-90 children and 100-2000 couples participated in the well-baby shows. Health workers explained to parents of children with a poor score why their children had a poor score. At the health camps, parents adopted FP methods and had their children immunized, regardless of score, so as to improve their score for the next show and to win prizes. The well-baby scores improved over time (24.64-31.2 for Kotla Mubarakpur, 19-24.6 for Gautam Nagar, 20.9-22.4 for Rajeev Gandhi, 20.6-23.6 for AIIMS jhuggi, and 13.6-21.4 for Kidwai Nagar). A weekly clinic operating in Kotla Mubarakpur accounted for the high initial mean score. Gautam Nagar had only periodic health services. A weekly mobile health van provided services in the Rajeev Gandhi colony. Door to door contacts were conducted in the jhuggi jhopri clusters to promote MCH/FP services. The scoring method reinforced integration of MCH/FP services. It allowed local health workers to make rapid analyses and MCH decision making. It also served as a tool to monitor the efficacy of local MCH/FP services. PMID:12319818

Anandalakshmy, P N; Mittal, S

428

A Parents' Guide for Well-Baby Care and Minor Hospitalizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual offers practical guidelines for many of the concerns that parents have about their infants and toddlers. The manual is divided into seven chapters; each is written by an expert in the field of pediatrics, early childhood education, nutrition, or family care. The following areas are covered: (1) newborn and infant care; (2) growth and…

Luchini, Alice, Ed.

429

‘The friend of my enemy is my enemy’: Modeling triadic internation relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of internation relationships is studied by means of a mathematical model based on a popular rule of triadic interaction: “the friend of my friend is my friend, the friend of my enemy is my enemy, the enemy of my enemy is my friend, the enemy of my friend is my enemy”. The rule is shown to lead to

S. C. Lee; R. G. Muncaster; D. A. Zinnes

1994-01-01

430

Baby Schema in Infant Faces Induces Cuteness Perception and Motivation for Caretaking in Adults  

PubMed Central

Ethologist Konrad Lorenz proposed that baby schema (‘Kindchenschema’) is a set of infantile physical features such as the large head, round face and big eyes that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in other individuals, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. Previous work on this fundamental concept was restricted to schematic baby representations or correlative approaches. Here, we experimentally tested the effects of baby schema on the perception of cuteness and the motivation for caretaking using photographs of infant faces. Employing quantitative techniques, we parametrically manipulated the baby schema content to produce infant faces with high (e.g. round face and high forehead), and low (e. g. narrow face and low forehead) baby schema features that retained all the characteristics of a photographic portrait. Undergraduate students (n = 122) rated these infants’ cuteness and their motivation to take care of them. The high baby schema infants were rated as more cute and elicited stronger motivation for caretaking than the unmanipulated and the low baby schema infants. This is the first experimental proof of the baby schema effects in actual infant faces. Our findings indicate that the baby schema response is a critical function of human social cognition that may be the basis of caregiving and have implications for infant–caretaker interactions.

Glocker, Melanie L.; Langleben, Daniel D.; Ruparel, Kosha; Loughead, James W.; Gur, Ruben C.; Sachser, Norbert

2012-01-01

431

Can we be (and stay) friends? Remaining friends after dissolution of a romantic relationship.  

PubMed

Although many individuals report being friends with their ex-romantic partners (Wilmot, Carbaugh, & Baxter, 1985), the literature regarding post-romantic friendships is very limited. We investigated whether satisfaction in the dissolved romantic relationship could predict post-romantic friendships and friendship maintenance. We found that the more satisfied individuals were during the dissolved romance, the more likely they were to remain friends and the more likely they were to engage in friendship maintenance behaviors. We also found that friendship maintenance fully mediated the association between past romantic satisfaction and current friendship satisfaction. PMID:22017080

Bullock, Melinda; Hackathorn, Jana; Clark, Eddie M; Mattingly, Brent A

432

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition: four years of progress.  

PubMed Central

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is a cooperative venture of 80 national voluntary, health professional, and governmental organizations committed to improving maternal and infant health through education. In the 4 years since its creation, the Coalition has grown in scope and size, established an Executive Secretariat, and begun activities directed at breastfeeding, substance use, injury prevention, genetics, oral health, adolescent pregnancy, and motivation of low-income women. National Coalition educational materials on these subjects are produced by representatives of the national organization members contributing time and their organization's resources. In addition, member organizations sponsor the publication of a quarterly newsletter and other coalition-building materials including an exhibit, slide-tape show, television production kit, and a community organization guide. Combined with State and community enthusiasm for the Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies concept, technical assistance from national members has led to the formation of coalitions in many States--more than 40 States have designated contacts with the national coalition. The State coalitions have undertaken a variety of campaigns; the achievements in 12 States are outlined. Of high priority during the next year will be support of these developing State coalitions through co-sponsorship of regional conferences. The national Coalition will also continue to recognize innovative programs through annual national achievement awards. The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is dedicated to continued development and promotion of educational programs for pregnant women, those planning a pregnancy, and their caregivers until 1990, in support of the health Objectives for the nation. Images p152-a p153-a p155-a

Arkin, E B

1986-01-01

433

Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy in babies weighing 5 kg or less  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and complication rate of laparoscopic inguinal hernia\\u000a repair for small babies weighing 5 kg or less compared with the traditional open herniotomy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A retrospective analysis was performed on the surgical charts of 147 infants weighing 5 kg or less who underwent laparoscopic\\u000a hernia repair. Either a regular 5-mm scope or a microlaparoscope was

Salmai Turial; Jan Enders; Kathrin Krause; Felix Schier

2011-01-01

434

Collodion baby associated with asymmetric crying facies: a case report.  

PubMed

Collodion baby is a distinct subset of neonatal erythroderma that can be a clinical marker for a variety of underlying abnormalities. The phenotype includes parchment-like hyperkeratosis, pseudocontractures, ectropion, eclabium, absence of eyebrows, and sparse hair. Asymmetric crying facies is caused by congenital hypoplasia or agenesis of the depressor anguli oris muscle. Associations of this facial defect with major congenital anomalies have been reported, most commonly in the cardiovascular system, less frequently involving the genitourinary, musculoskeletal, cervicofacial, and respiratory systems, and rarely the endocrine system. We report a newborn with a collodion membrane and asymmetric crying facies. To the best of our knowledge, this association has not been previously published. PMID:12657010

Akcakus, Mustafa; Gunes, Tamer; Kurtoglu, Selim; Ozturk, Adnan

435

Design of Energy-Friendly Glass Fibers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Incumbent fiberglass compositions rely on decades of commercial experience. From a compositional point of view, many of these melts require more energy than needed in their production, or emit toxic effluents into the environment. This chapter reviews the design of energy- and/or environmentally friendly E-glass, HT-glass, ECR-glass, A-glass, and C-glass compositions, which have lower viscosities or fiber-forming temperatures and therefore require less energy in a commercial furnace than the respective incumbent compositions and/or do not contain ingredients which are of environmental concern.

Wallenberger, Frederick T.

436

Workplace lactation program: a nursing friendly initiative.  

PubMed

The U.S. is experiencing a nursing shortage that is threatening its quality of healthcare. One contributing factor that has been identified is the level of dissatisfaction that nurses have with their working conditions. Health Services Organizations can use female and family friendly initiatives, such as workplace lactation programs to demonstrate that they are willing to support a female employee's task of balancing familial and profession roles. By meeting the needs of breastfeeding mothers, organizations can have a positive impact on employees' levels of satisfaction, which can positively impact recruitment efforts, productivity and retention. PMID:18998524

Angeletti, Michelle A

2008-01-01

437

Wakuzulu: Friends of the Colobus Trust  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wakuzulu: Friends of the Colobus Trust is a not-for-profit organization based in Kenya dedicated to the "conservation, preservation, and protection of primates, in particular the Angolan Black and White Colobus monkey." Wakuzulu's extensive homepage features the latest updates on the Colobus population in the Diani area, as well as detailed information about the organization's projects and initiatives. First time visitors may wish to check out the section titled Diani's Primates, which offers an excellent introduction to Colobus monkeys and other species in the area.

438

Bayesian Auctions with Friends and Foes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study auctions whose bidders are embedded in a social or economic network. As a result, even bidders who do not win the auction themselves might derive utility from the auction, namely, when a friend wins. On the other hand, when an enemy or competitor wins, a bidder might derive negative utility. Such spite and altruism will alter the bidding strategies. A simple and natural model for bidders’ utilities in these settings posits that the utility of a losing bidder i as a result of bidder j winning is a constant (positive or negative) fraction of bidder j’s utility.

Chen, Po-An; Kempe, David

439

Hospital marketing.  

PubMed

This article looks at a prescribed academic framework for various criteria that serve as a checklist for marketing performance that can be applied to hospital marketing organizations. These guidelines are drawn from some of Dr. Noel Capon of Columbia University's book Marketing Management in the 21st Century and applied to actual practices of hospital marketing organizations. In many ways this checklist can act as a "marketing" balanced scorecard to verify performance effectiveness and develop opportunities for innovation. PMID:14753323

Carter, Tony

2003-01-01

440

Hospital philanthropy.  

PubMed

It remains an open question whether hospital spending on fundraising efforts to garner philanthropy is a good use of funds. Research and industry reports provide conflicting results. We describe the accounting and data challenges in analysis of hospital philanthropy, which include measurement of donations, measurement of fundraising expenses, and finding the relationships among organizations where these cash flows occur. With these challenges, finding conflicting results is not a surprise. PMID:23614267

Smith, Dean G; Clement, Jan P

2013-01-01

441

Organic Foods: Do Eco-Friendly Attitudes Predict Eco-Friendly Behaviors?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether student awareness and attitudes about organic foods would predict their behaviors with regard to organic food consumption and other healthy lifestyle practices. A secondary purpose was to determine whether attitudes about similar eco-friendly practices would result in socially conscious…

Dahm, Molly J.; Samonte, Aurelia V.; Shows, Amy R.

2009-01-01

442

Organic Foods: Do Eco-Friendly Attitudes Predict Eco-Friendly Behaviors?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether student awareness and attitudes about organic foods would predict their behaviors with regard to organic food consumption and other healthy lifestyle practices. A secondary purpose was to determine whether attitudes about similar eco-friendly practices would result in socially…

Dahm, Molly J.; Samonte, Aurelia V.; Shows, Amy R.

2009-01-01

443

"Friends Aren't Friends, Homes": A Working Vocabulary for Referring to "Rolldogs" and "Chuchos."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes various apparently synonymous words for "friend" (e.g., "homes,""bro") as they are used by one former gang-member to persuade two current gang-members to stop "gangbanging." The article's analysis shows how the meanings of these disparate reference terms are made and remade through talk as conversationalists use these words to express…

Rymes, Betsy

1996-01-01

444

Competition Between Friends: The Joint Influence of the Perceived Power of Self, Friends, and Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research has shown that parents who have low perceived social power make exaggerated use of power-oriented interaction strategies with children. In this study, the authors made predictions regarding (a) the presence of equivalent effects with children and (b) the intergenerational transmission of perceived power. The interactions of children (ages 6–10) and their friends were observed following a potentially competitive

Daphne Blunt Bugental; Gabriela Martorell

1999-01-01

445

Mexican hospitals.  

PubMed

In order to understand current medical and hospital care in Mexico, we need to know first their past and then compare that past to their present situation. We can attempt to glimpse into what their future should be. The evolution of Mexican health services from the time of the Spanish Conquest until the the post-revolutionary period involved the creation of hospitals for both the poor and the rich. This continues to be the present goal. Public and private medical institutions evolved in part along with the legal reforms that were enacted through the passage of the Reform Laws in 1937. The Public Assistance Secretariat was established, which was dedicated to assist hospitals, nurseries, asylums and orphanages. In 1943, this Public Assistance Secretariat joined with the Public Health Department, forming what today is the actual Secretary of Health. The formation of private social health care for major medical needs together with governmental Social Security Health Care brought about a radical improvement in medical and hospital care; however, it is insufficient, overpopulated and outdated. It will be necessary during the coming decades that other alternatives to the models of hospitals and medical care that exist today in Mexico be enacted. The present models have not been able to satisfy the medical and hospital demands for present-day needs of the population. PMID:20433794

Loyo-Varela, Mauro; Díaz-Chazaro, Horacio

446

Cold Friends of Hot Jupiters: NIRSPEC Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous surveys have shown that half of all stars occur in binary systems. Although most exoplanet surveys exclude systems with known binary companions, it is likely that many known planetary systems contain distant, low-mass stellar companions that went unnoticed in the initial survey selection. Such companions may have important effects on the formation and migration of planets (and especially hot Jupiters) around the primary star via three-body interactions such as Kozai-driven migration. The Cold Friends project uses three observing techniques to make a robust determination of the occurrence rate of exoplanets in binary systems: radial velocity monitoring, adaptive optics imaging (see presentation on the AO Survey by H. Ngo et al.), and near-infrared spectroscopy. In this presentation, we focus on the results of the spectroscopy portion of the Cold Friends project. Using NIRSPEC at Keck Observatory, we have obtained high-resolution spectra of roughly fifty exoplanet-hosting stars near 2.3 microns, where low-mass companions will show deep CO absorption features superimposed on the primary stellar spectrum. This method allows for the detection of binary companions located within 50 to 200 AU of the host star. At this location, such a binary companion could conceivably influence the formation and migration of exoplanets orbiting the main star. We describe our method for removing the signal due to the main-sequence FGK host stars and searching for the distinctive spectral features of a low-mass stellar companion.

Piskorz, Danielle; Knutson, H. A.; Muirhead, P. S.; Batygin, K.; Crepp, J. R.; Hinkley, S.; Howard, A. W.; Johnson, J. A.; Morton, T. D.

2013-10-01

447

An empirical study of Freud's penis-baby equation.  

PubMed

One hypothesis of traditional psychoanalytic theory holds that a cardinal aspect of the "natural" development of femininity involves the woman's substitution of the wish for a baby in place of her original wish for a penis. The current study modified and extended earlier research examining the validity of Freud's this "penis-baby" theory. College-aged women and men were presented with either subliminal or supraliminal auditory messages concerned with either pregnancy or penetration themes. Subjects' written responses to Holtzman ink-blots, obtained both before and after exposure to an auditory message, were content-coded for phallic imagery and sexual imagery. Consistent with Freud's speculations about the phallic significance of pregnancy for women, female subjects who were exposed to the subliminal pregnancy message produced significantly more phallic imagery responses to ink-blots than did women in any of the other experimental conditions (p < .01). The phallic imagery production of males did not vary significantly as a function of message condition. Implications of these findings are discussed in the context of modern revisions to Freud's psychology of women and the current psychoanalytic conceptualization of penis envy as a highly condensed mental product with many layers of meaning. PMID:7509371

Jones, R L

1994-03-01

448

Knemometry and the assessment of growth in premature babies.  

PubMed Central

The characteristics of a knemometer designed for accurate lower leg measurement in babies were assessed. Repeated measurement of a 100 mm Perspex rod gave a mean length of 99.993 mm and a mean SD of 0.058. When used to measure leg length, technical error of the measurement technique was 0.31 with a mean leg length of 98.49 mm (coefficient of variation 0.31%). Leg lengths measured at birth in 324 babies from 23 to 42 weeks' gestation gave an estimated in utero leg length velocity of 0.43 mm/day (95% confidence interval 0.41 to 0.45). Assessment of interobserver variation showed poor agreement in absolute values of leg length, although similar estimates of leg length velocity could be obtained. The neonatal knemometer allows measurements to be made in situations where conventional growth measurements are not possible. It is believed that knemometry has an important role in accurate evaluation of factors that can influence short term bone growth. Images

Gibson, A T; Pearse, R G; Wales, J K

1993-01-01

449

Evaluation of the North Carolina "Baby Think It Over" project.  

PubMed

The North Carolina "Baby Think It Over" (BTIO) evaluation was conducted during spring semester 2000. Data were collected from participating teachers, students, and parents. Twenty-five teachers were selected randomly from different counties in North Carolina. Each randomly selected teacher coordinated the evaluation in conjunction with the intervention. Student surveys determined whether using the BTIO doll changed perceptions and attitudes toward teen parenting. Information also was collected on the veracity of each student's participation based on data provided from the computer in the baby. Surveys were sent home to the parents of participating students so information on communication, disruption of the household, and parenting perceptions could be obtained. Each teacher completed a survey that sought information on topics discussed throughout the intervention, hours of the program, and perceptions of program effectiveness. Parents and teachers were offered participation incentives. Overall, support existed for the BTIO intervention by parents and teachers. Most teachers and parents felt the program was effective at increasing communication about parenting and changing teens' attitudes in a desired direction. Most teachers reported that the intervention was not disruptive to their classes. However, results from student surveys did not reveal the same support. Student changes in attitudes and beliefs about parenting after the intervention were minimal. PMID:12109172

Tingle, Lynne R

2002-05-01

450

Using Baby Books to Increase New Mothers' Safety Practices  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine if educational baby books are an effective method for increasing low-income, first-time mothers’ safety practices during their child’s first 18 months. Patients and Methods Primiparous women (n = 167) were randomly assigned to one of three groups: an educational book group, a non-educational book group, or a no-book group. Home visits and interviews measured safety practices when women were in their third trimester of pregnancy (baseline) and when their child was 2, 4, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of age. Results Women in the educational book group had fewer risks in their homes and exercised more safety practices than the no-book group (effect size = ?0.30; 20% risk reduction). When the safety practices involved little time or expense (e.g., putting away sharp objects), the educational book group was significantly more likely to engage in these behaviors than the no-book (40% higher practices; effect size = 0.19) or non-educational book groups (27% higher practices; effect size = 0.13). However, no differences were found between groups for behaviors that required high effort in time, money or hassle (e.g., installing latches on cabinets). Discussion Educational baby books appear to be an easy and low cost way to increase the safety practices of new mothers, especially if the practices involve little to no time, money, and hassle.

Reich, Stephanie M.; Penner, Emily K.; Duncan, Greg J.

2010-01-01

451

Head injuries related to the use of baby walkers.  

PubMed Central

To determine what proportion of head injuries in children under 24 months of age who presented to an emergency department were related to the use of baby walkers, we reviewed the charts of 52 such children. Walkers were involved in 42% of the head injuries in the children under 12 months of age and in none of those in the children aged 12 to 24 months. All walker-related injuries, including skull fractures in three children, involved stairs (p less than 0.001). Questionnaires were also sent to all families with children aged 3 to 18 months attending a private pediatric practice to determine the prevalence of falls involving baby walkers among these children and the factors associated with such falls. Of the 152 responding families 82% reported using or having used a walker. Thirty-six percent of the families reported that their child had a fall while in a walker, with 8.8% of the falls resulting in contact with a doctor. Walker-related falls were directly associated with time spent in the walker (p less than 0.001) and with a previous fall from the walker by an older sibling (p less than 0.03). Since there is no demonstrated benefit of walkers, their use should not be encouraged, and parents should be advised of their potential danger.

Stoffman, J M; Bass, M J; Fox, A M

1984-01-01

452

Surgical treatment of ankyloglossia in babies--case report.  

PubMed

Ankyloglossia is an anomaly that is characterized by the abnormal insertion of the lingual frenulum that hinders protrusion and elevation of the tongue towards the palate, due to the short and thick composition of the frenulum. In babies it can cause inefficient nursing at the mother's breast, inadequate transfer of milk and pain in the mother's breast, resulting in early weaning and weight loss. An 8-month-old baby boy was brought to the clinic by his mother because he found it difficult to suck and consequently avoiding breast feeding, and was apparently losing weight. During the clinical exam it was observed that the patient presented little mobility of the tongue. Owing to the degree of ankyloglossia and the features of malnutrition present, it was decided to carry out complete removal of the frenulum under general anesthesia. Although this procedure might increase the risk of morbidity, the possibility of recurrence and the need to perform further procedures are avoided; the main advantage is reducing aggravation of the clinical problems. PMID:20615663

Manfro, A R G; Manfro, R; Bortoluzzi, M C

2010-07-07

453

The Unique Experiences of Women and Their Families After the Death of a Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to discover the ways in which the woman's experience of a baby's death affects her as an individual and within the family system. More specifically, this study asked: Does a woman's experience of stillbirth appear to have long-lasting effects, and what variables influence such changes? Expressed through their own narratives, it appears that a baby's death has

Joanne Cacciatore

2010-01-01

454

Virtual Baby Used as a Virtual Environment for Patients with Severe Dementia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We gave patients with severe dementia a baby-like doll to serve as a virtual baby in a therapeutic program and after dinner when the subjects missed their homes. In the therapeutic program, an occupational therapist provided the patients with two soft pla...

S. Yonemitsu K. Nakamura A. Itoh Y. Higashi T. Fujimoto

2001-01-01

455

Natural history of innocent heart murmurs in newborn babies: controlled echocardiographic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo define the origin and the natural history of innocent heart murmurs in newborn infants.METHODSFifty healthy babies born at term with the clinical diagnosis of an innocent heart murmur and 50 controls without a murmur were studied. Each baby had a complete two dimensional and pulsed Doppler echocardiogram and those with any abnormality were followed up at 6 weeks, 3

Romaine Arlettaz; Nicholas Archer; Andrew R Wilkinson

1998-01-01

456

The impact of litigants' baby-facedness and attractiveness on adjudications in small claims courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of litigants' facial appearance on judicial decisions were investigated in 506 cases heard in small claims courts. Replicating previous laboratory studies, both baby-facedness and attractiveness exerted a significant impact on adjudications. As plaintiffs increased in attractiveness, defendants were more likely to lose the case. Also, as defendants increased in baby-facedness, they were more likely to win cases involving

Leslie A. Zebrowitz; Susan M. McDonaldt

1991-01-01

457

Reading Baby Books: Medicine, Marketing, Money and the Lives of American Infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This article examines American baby books from the late nineteenth through the twentieth century. Baby books are ephemeral publications—formatted with one or more printed pages for recording developmental, health, and social information about infants and often including personal observations, artifacts such as photographs or palm prints, medical and other prescriptive advice, and advertisements. For historians they serve as records of

Janet Golden; Lynn Weiner

2011-01-01

458

Reading Baby Books: Medicine, Marketing, Money and the Lives of American Infants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines American baby books from the late nineteenth through the twentieth century. Baby books are ephemeral publications—formatted with one or more printed pages for recording developmental, health, and social information about infants and often including personal observations, artifacts such as photographs or palm prints, medical and other prescriptive advice, and advertisements. For historians they serve as records of

Janet Golden; Lynn Weiner

2011-01-01

459

Guidelines for Library Services to Babies and Toddlers. IFLA Professional Reports, No. 100  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Guidelines are focused on the library services to babies and toddlers, their families and supporting organizations dealing with early literacy and appropriate services for the very young. Early brain development research has shown the unequivocal impact that talking, singing and reading to babies and toddlers can have on their acquisition of…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

460

The Major Impacts of the Baby Boom upon American Life, 1945-2050.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The demographic context of the baby boom in the United States (1946-1964) as well as past and future impacts of this population increase are considered in this review of research. During the 18-year period, over 76,000,000 babies were born, more than the entire population of the United States in 1900. Reasons for the increase are attributed to…

Vaughan, Jerry L.

461

Parent-Child Interaction When Babies Have Down Syndrome The Perceptions of Taiwanese  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores Taiwanese mothers' descriptions of interactions with their babies with Down syndrome. Two themes emerging from transcripts of interviews with 16 mothers are described and illustrated. The first theme highlights the ways in which mothers talked about the abilities and limitations of their babies; the second describes what appear to be two distinct frames of reference (pessimistic and

Jeanette A. McCollum; Yu-Jun Chen

462

Leucocyte Blood Picture in Healthy Full-term and Premature Babies During Neonatal Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serial leucocyte counts were done on 15 full-term babies during the first 10 days of life and on 14 prematures during the first 30 days. In addition a single count was done on the total of 53 babies around the 96th hour of life. Absolute values of each cell type are given for each postnatal age examined. The main changes

M. Xanthou

1970-01-01

463

Gender positioning of discount stores: key considerations in appealing to the baby busters generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines differences in discount store selection factors among both male and female members of the “baby busters” generation. Results indicate that significant differences in discount store selection factors do exist between male and female members of the baby busters generation. These findings suggest that the current practice of dual-gender positioning by discount stores may be less effective than the more

Robert J. Williams; Keith Absher; James J. Hoffman

1997-01-01

464

The Crossover Generation: Baby Boomers and the Role of the Public Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article explores the concept of baby boomers as a "crossover" generation, one that embodies characteristics of previous and later generations. The context is the retirement of the baby boomers and its potential impact on the public library. Ethnographic method within a constructivist framework was used, employing the techniques of focus…

Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Sullivan, Jen

2010-01-01

465

Whose Hand Rocks the Cradle? Parallel Discourses in the Baby Room  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the practice narratives of a group of 25 caregivers who work with babies in daycare settings in England and seeks to illustrate awareness of, resistance to and compliance with powerful discourses. It is argued that multiple voices exert an influence over baby room practice, disempowering the caregivers and reducing their…

Powell, Sacha; Goouch, Kathy

2012-01-01

466

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals...Identity or Composition § 381.157 Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned poultry shall,...

2010-01-01

467

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals...Identity or Composition § 381.157 Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned poultry shall,...

2009-01-01

468

Parent-Child Interaction When Babies Have Down Syndrome: The Perceptions of Taiwanese Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of transcripts of interviews with 16 Taiwanese mothers of babies with Down syndrome identified two themes. The first theme highlights ways in which mothers talked about the abilities and limitations of their babies; the second describes what appear to be two distinct frames of reference (pessimistic and optimistic) with respect to having…

McCollum, Jeanette A.; Chen, Yu-Jun

2003-01-01

469

Babies, Music and Gender: Music Playschools in Finland as Multimodal Participatory Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies of education and childhood studies in general tend to focus on the experiences and cultures of toddlers and school-age children. The experiences and cultures of babies and infants are often excluded from the scope of the studies of children. In Gilles Deleuze's (and Felix Guattari's) thinking, a child, and especially a baby or an infant,…

Leppanen, Taru

2011-01-01

470

Temperature variation in newborn babies: importance of physical contact with the mother  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Hypothermia is a major cause of deterioration and death in the neonatal period. Temperature deviations are key signs of illness.Objective: To determine normal patterns of temperature variation in newborn babies and the influence of external factors.Methods: Abdominal and foot skin temperature were continuously recorded in 27 healthy full term babies during the first two days of life and related

A-L Fransson; H Karlsson; K Nilsson

2005-01-01

471

Does "Wanting the Best" Create More Stress? The Link between Baby Sign Classes and Maternal Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether gesturing classes (baby sign) affected parental frustration and stress, as advertised by many commercial products. The participants were 178 mother-infant dyads, divided into a gesture group (n = 89) and a non-gesture group (n = 89), based on whether they had attended baby sign classes or not. Mothers completed a…

Howlett, Neil; Kirk, Elizabeth; Pine, Karen J.

2011-01-01

472

INVESTIGATION ON BABY CHICK RANIKHET DISEASE VACCINE ADMINISTRATION IN CHICKS OF VACCINATED AND NONVACCINATED ORIGIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Persistence of maternally derived antibody to Baby Chick Ranikhet Disease Vaccine and its influence on vaccination programme in chicks of vaccinated and nonvaccinated origin were determined during the period from July 2005 to May 2006. The study suggested an effective vaccination schedule of Baby Chick Ranikhet Disease Vaccine in chicks of vaccinated and nonvaccinated origin. The optimum age for vaccination

K. Begum; M. S. R. Khan; M. B. Rahman; M. A. Kafi; S. A. A. Mamun

2006-01-01

473

Escherichia coli isolated from babies delivered by caesarean section and their environment.  

PubMed

The sources from which eight Caesarean section babies acquired E. coli are described and the probable routes by which the organisms reached the babies are outlined. Suggestions are made concerning the control of the spread of E. coli in premature nurseries and during outbreaks of E. coli gastroenteritis. PMID:789250

Lennox-King, S M; O'Farrell, S M; Bettelheim, K A; Shooter, R A

1976-01-01

474

Baby Basics: A Guide to Establishing An Infant Care Class in Your Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because parents-to-be in Santa Barbara needed hands-on, practical assistance prior to the birth of their child, Postpartum Education for Parents (PEP) volunteers organized the Baby Basics program. Like all PEP services, Baby Basics is a supplement to, but not a substitute for, medical advice. Part 1 of this guide describes the history,…

Postpartum Education for Parents, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA.

475

Milk pH, acid base status, and growth in babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Metabolic acidosis is common in babies fed cows' milk-based formulae. Therefore the effects of adding alkaline salts (sodium and potassium citrate) to a demineralised whey formula were studied in vitro and in 26 low birthweight babies fed on the formula or formula plus citrate. The alkali altered the pH and titratable acidity to a value nearer human milk but it

H M Berger; P H Scott; C Kenward; B A Wharton

1978-01-01

476

"Wanting It Now": Baby Boomers and the Public Library of the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Baby boomers are epitomised by the phrase "wanting it now". This large group of the population is better educated, more technologically literate, generally wealthier than any previous generation and has high expectations of quality services and products. Just as they have led other social revolutions, baby boomers are expected to revolutionise…

Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Makin, Lynne; Johanson, Graeme; Schauder, Don; Sullivan, Jen

2006-01-01

477

Basics about Babies' Brain Development = Los basicos del desarrollo del cerebro.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure for parents, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides facts about infants' brains and offers suggestions for parents to help their baby's development by providing experiences to stimulate neural development. The facts are: (1) a baby's brain needs many different experiences to be nourished, such as being talked or sung to…

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

478

The effects of receiving a rape disclosure: college friends' stories.  

PubMed

Research suggests that college women are at greater risk for rape and sexual assault than women in the general population or in a comparable age group. College women, away from home and family, may turn to friends for support. Friends may experience emotional reactions that affect their own functioning and may not feel they have anywhere to turn. In this study, we interviewed male and female college students who had received a rape disclosure from a friend. Their unique stories provide insight into the secondary effects of rape disclosure on friends. Implications of these findings for college campuses are discussed. PMID:23743351

Branch, Kathryn A; Richards, Tara N

2013-06-05

479

Prospective hospital based study on persistent diarrhoea.  

PubMed Central

A total of 383 children aged less than 5 years suffering from acute watery diarrhoea or dysentery were studied in hospital to determine the rate of persistent diarrhoea. Altogether 335 (87.5%) recovered within 13 days. Only in 48 (12.5%) did the diarrhoea continue for 14 days or more, and they were considered as having persistent diarrhoea. Children aged between 7 and 18 months had a significantly increased incidence of persistent diarrhoea. Children suffering from grade II-IV malnutrition constituted the majority (70.8%) of those with persistent diarrhoea. Higher rates of isolation of Shigella flexneri, Shigella dysenteriae 1, and Salmonella typhimurium were observed among patients with persistent diarrhoea than in those with diarrhoea of shorter duration. No positive correlations were observed between the clinical severity of disease at hospital admission and measles. Breast fed babies were not prone to persistent diarrhoea.

Dutta, P; Lahiri, M; Sen, D; Pal, S C

1991-01-01

480

[Patterns of use, popular beliefs and proneness to accidents of a baby walker (go-cart). Bases for a health information campaign].  

PubMed

Baby walkers are a potential cause of accidents in infants from 6 months to 1 year of age. We conducted a study to determine the patterns of walker use, the different points of view of the parents and the baby walker-related injuries in our health district. For this purpose, between November 1, 1992 and January 31, 1993, a questionnaire was given to 207 parents of infants between the ages of 3 and 24 months in order to evaluate the socioeconomic situation and to determine the patterns of walker use. We found that 42% of the infants between 4.3 and 13.4 months of age had a baby walker and 46.7% of them used it daily. There was a significant inverse relationship between the walker usage and the maternal level of education. Of the infants who used walkers, 24.9% had experienced an accident (falls 76.2%, injuries 14.3% and hospital admission 4.8%). The accidents were significantly more common in boys. The advantages reported by parents (for using walkers) were: 46.3% none, 34.2% comfort, 10.9% infant amusement, 12.9% help to walk earlier. Dangers reported by the parents included: 27.2% none, 33.5% leg deformities, 43% accidents (33.5% injuries and 12% falling down stairs). In conclusion, our results show a slightly lower number of walker users and walker related accidents when compared to other reports. Parents have mistaken notions about the use of baby walkers. Hence, the need for continued health education campaigns related to this subject remain. PMID:8849083

Santos Serrano, L; Paricio Talayero, J M; Salom Pérez, A; Grieco Burucúa, M; Martín Ruano, J; Benlloch Muncharaz, M J; Llobat Estellés, T; Beseler Soto, B

1996-04-01

481

Preliminary Observations on the Treatment of Baby Turtles 'Pseudeyms scripta elegans' for the Elimination of 'Salmonella-Arizona'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Treatment of infected baby turtles with antimicrobial agents were done in an attempt to eradicate Salmonella and Arizona systematically from these animals so that a safe product can be presented to the consumer. Since the baby turtle, when hatched commerc...

R. J. Siebeling

1974-01-01

482

Ergonomic adequacy of the baby nursery of child development center located in UFSC - Florianópolis.  

PubMed

A study in the educators' work station at baby nursery of NDI/UFSC, located in Florianópolis, was conducted using the Work Ergonomic Analysis methodological tool. The demand considered was the educators' physical exhaustion caused by the weight carried when taking care of the babies, the postures assumed during the labor activity and the spatial arrangement of the baby nursery. Thinking ergonomically, the spatial arrangement is directly associated to three factors: the formal aspect of the environment, the esthetic aspect including colors and finish quality and the ease of understanding involved in the baby nursery labor. By the ergonomic adequacy it is possible to assert that if were established better conditions of posture and comfort for the educators, as well as satisfactory technical and operational information to carry out the activities, greater safety and welfare would be provided to the babies, the main focus of the work. PMID:22317610

Vergara, Lizandra Garcia Lupi; Ribet, Lucie Elisa

2012-01-01

483

Tolerance of Debility in Elderly Dependants by Supporters at Home: Its Significance for Hospital Practice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The causes of inability to cope among the friends and relatives who care for elderly, dependent persons in their homes were studied in the geriatric units of a teaching hospital and a district general hospital in London, England. Persons principally invol...

J. R. Sanford

1975-01-01

484

42 CFR 457.520 - Cost sharing for well-baby and well-child care services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Cost sharing for well-baby and well-child care services. 457... § 457.520 Cost sharing for well-baby and well-child care services. ...cost sharing with respect to the well-baby and well-child care services...

2010-10-01

485

42 CFR 457.520 - Cost sharing for well-baby and well-child care services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Cost sharing for well-baby and well-child care services. 457... § 457.520 Cost sharing for well-baby and well-child care services. ...cost sharing with respect to the well-baby and well-child care services...

2009-10-01

486

America's Demography in the New Century: Aging Baby Boomers and New Immigrants as Major Players. Milken Institute Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's demography in the new century will be affected by the aging baby boom generation and by new immigrants. Focus on just the national implications of aging baby boomers and the new immigrants is inadequate. This policy brief takes a regional perspective, examining recent trends and population statistics and making the case that aging baby

Frey, William H.; DeVol, Ross C.

487

[Fostering a breastfeeding-friendly workplace].  

PubMed

Creating supportive environments that encourage mothers to breastfeed their children has emerged in recent years as a key health issue for women and children. Taiwan has a large and still growing number of new mothers in the workplace. Early postpartum return to work and inconvenient workplace conditions often discourage women from breastfeeding or cause early discontinuation. This study describes the current status of worksite breastfeeding-friendly policies in Taiwan and selected other countries and assesses the effects of work-related factors on working mother breastfeeding behavior. Although maternity leave has been positively correlated with breastfeeding duration, maternity leave in Taiwan remains significantly shorter than in other countries. Flexible working conditions, the provision of lactation rooms, and support from colleagues are critical components of promoting breastfeeding in the workplace. PMID:23386521

Chen, Yi-Chun; Kuo, Shu-Chen

2013-02-01

488

Christian Raetz: scientist and friend extraordinaire.  

PubMed

Chris Raetz passed away on August 16, 2011, still at the height of his productive years. His seminal contributions to biomedical research were in the genetics, biochemistry, and structural biology of phospholipid and lipid A biosynthesis in Escherichia coli and other gram-negative bacteria. He defined the catalytic properties and structures of many of the enzymes responsible for the "Raetz pathway for lipid A biosynthesis." His deep understanding of chemistry, coupled with knowledge of medicine, biochemistry, genetics, and structural biology, formed the underpinnings for his contributions to the lipid field. He displayed an intense passion for science and a broad interest that came from a strong commitment to curiosity-driven research, a commitment he imparted to his mentees and colleagues. What follows is a testament to both Chris's science and humanity from his friends and colleagues. PMID:23472605

Dowhan, William; Nikaido, Hiroshi; Stubbe, JoAnne; Kozarich, John W; Wickner, William T; Russell, David W; Garrett, Teresa A; Brozek, Kathryn; Modrich, Paul

2013-03-07

489

Dimethylcarbonate for eco-friendly methylation reactions.  

PubMed

Dimethylcarbonate (DMC), an environmentally friendly substitute for dimethylsulfate and methyl halides in methylation reactions, is a very selective reagent. Both under gas-liquid phase transfer catalysis (GL-PTC) and under batch conditions, with potassium carbonate as the catalyst, the reactions of DMC with methylene-active compounds (arylacetonitriles and arylacetoesters, aroxyacetonitriles and methyl aroxyacetates, benzylaryl- and alkylarylsulphones) produce monomethylated derivatives, with a selectivity not previously observed (i.e., >99%). The highly selective O-methylation of phenols and p-cresols by DMC is also attained by a new methodology using a continuous fed stirred tank reactor (CSTR) filled with a catalytic bed of polyethyleneglycol (PEG) and potassium carbonate. PMID:11233818

Memoli, S; Selva, M; Tundo, P

2001-04-01

490

A Little Help from My Friends: Creating Socially Supportive Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students get by with a little help from their friends; students try with a little help from their friends. When their social needs are met, students tend to be better adjusted and perform more effectively in school. A strong social network serves to protect students and mitigates the effects of a variety of risk factors. Due to the rich empirical…

Sulkowski, Michael L.; Demaray, Michelle K.; Lazarus, Philip J.

2012-01-01

491

Shopping with friends and teens’ susceptibility to peer influence  

Microsoft Academic Search

While some retailers may discourage groups of teenagers from shopping in their stores, there is reason to believe that peer groups may affect teen behaviors and evaluations in ways that could benefit retailers. In this paper, we examine the phenomenon of teenagers’ shopping with friends, and, in particular, whether shopping with friends might enhance teens’ attitudes toward retailing and their

Tamara F Mangleburg; Patricia M Doney; Terry Bristol

2004-01-01

492

Identifying and Explicating Variation among Friends with Benefits Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This two-study report identifies and validates a typology containing seven types of “friends with benefits relationships” (FWBRs). Study 1 asked heterosexual students to define the term FWBR and to describe their experience with the relationship type. Qualitative analysis of these data identified seven types of FWBRs (true friends, network opportunism, just sex, three types of transition in [successful, failed, and

Paul A. Mongeau; Kendra Knight; Jade Williams; Jennifer Eden; Christina Shaw

2011-01-01

493

Academic Achievement and Its Impact on Friend Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic achievement in adolescence is a key determinant of future educational and occupational success. Friends play an important role in the educational process. They provide support and resources and can both encourage and discourage academic achievement. As a result, the friends adolescents make may help to maintain and exacerbate inequality…

Flashman, Jennifer

2012-01-01

494

Persuasive Appeals and Responses to Appeals among Friends and Acquaintances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined persuasive appeals and responses to appeals among kindergarten, second-, and fourth-grade friends and acquaintances. Also evaluated social perspective-taking, friendship, and self-interest reasoning as predictors of appeals and responses. Children, paired with a friend or an acquaintance, participated in a task designed to examine…

Jones, Diane Carlson

1985-01-01

495

Preschoolers' Differential Conflict Behavior with Friends and Acquaintances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined social conflict in preschoolers' play. When children resolved conflicts, they behaved differently with friends than with acquaintances. Conciliatory gestures were used more often with friends than with acquaintances. The overwhelming majority of conflicts were resolved by children yielding to other children. (BG)|

Vespo, Jo Ellen; Caplan, Marlene

1993-01-01

496

Working the Social: Twitter and FriendFeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information overload is so five years ago, but the problem it describes is all too real. Fortunately, there's hope yet for the savvy librarian: Twitter and FriendFeed turn information dissemination on its head, using friends and subscribers as a filter for the best, most credible, and most engaging information out there. Like other social media…

Carscaddon, Laura; Harris, Colleen S.

2009-01-01

497

Friends of Libraries Supporting Public Libraries - Best Practices and Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the concept of Friends of Library groups and highlights the many services and programs Friends can support and sponsor in their libraries throughout Canada, the U.S., and the U.K. Best practices are demonstrated in advocacy efforts, support of literacy programs, funding for alternative format materials and access technologies for people with disabilities, and sponsorship of aboriginal programming

Dorothy Macnaughton

498

Support between Siblings and between Friends: Two Worlds Apart?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examines whether siblings and friends resemble each other in supportive behavior. Using a Dutch national sample of 6,289 individuals containing 12,578 relationships with siblings and friends, we investigated the relative importance of gender composition, geographical proximity, relationship quality, and contact frequency for support…

Voorpostel, Marieke; van der Lippe, Tanja

2007-01-01

499

Interventions by Students in Friends' Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated students' (N=1,184) self-reported interventions in the alcohol-, tobacco-, illicit-drug use, and drinking-driving of their friends. Results indicate that almost one-third of students intervened in friends' illegal drug use and drinking-driving, whereas about one-half intervened with smoking. Intervenors were usually older and worked…

Smart, Reginald G.; Stoduto, Gina

1997-01-01

500

Beyond family-friendly: The construct and measurement of singles-friendly work culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research has examined work-family issues and organizational support for employees’ family responsibilities, few studies have explored the work-life issues of single employees without children. The current study examines single employees’ perceptions of how their organizations support their work-life balance in comparison to employees with families. A multi-dimensional scale is developed assessing five dimensions of singles-friendly culture: social inclusion, equal

Wendy J. Casper; David Weltman; Eileen Kwesiga

2007-01-01