Sample records for baby friendly hospital

  1. An interdisciplinary multidepartmental educational program toward baby friendly hospital designation.

    PubMed

    Schoch, Deborah E; Lawhon, Gretchen; Wicker, Linda A; Yecco, Giselle

    2014-02-01

    Our healthcare institution chose to strive for Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) designation to enhance our support of breastfeeding. To complete Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative Step 2, a 5-hour educational program of supervised clinical experience was designed incorporating learning needs identified through gap analysis. Five interdisciplinary simulation stations included (1) a video on practical aspects of skin-to-skin contact immediately after delivery, (2) a dynamic interactive exercise on skin to skin in the labor and delivery setting, (3) couplet care on admission to the maternal infant unit, (4) breast milk expression, and (5) common challenges. Small groups of staff rotated among stations in 45-minute intervals. Two hundred fifty staff completed this educational program and an additional 54 nurses have become certified breastfeeding counselors. Evaluations highly favored this model of active participation and our work toward achieving Baby-Friendly Hospital designation has been greatly enhanced. PMID:24472887

  2. Breastfeeding practices in baby friendly hospitals of Indore

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richa Nigam; Manish Nigam; R. R. Wavre; Ajit Deshpande; R. K. Chandorkar

    2010-01-01

    An interview based cross sectional study was conducted in two of the designated Baby Friendly Hospitals of Indore in the year\\u000a 2008. None of the hospitals were having a written breastfeeding policy, which is routinely communicated to all the health\\u000a workers and no regular training regarding the Programme was being imparted. There is a need to develop a BFHI Monitoring

  3. Implementing and revitalizing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative.

    PubMed

    Saadeh, Randa; Casanovas, Carmen

    2009-06-01

    The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched in the 1990s by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF as a global effort with hospitals, health services, and parents to ensure babies are breastfed for the best start in life. It is one of the Operational Targets of the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding endorsed in 2002 by the Fifty-Fifth World Health Assembly and the UNICEF Executive Board. After about 18 years, great progress has been made, and most countries have breastfeeding authorities or BFHI coordinating groups. The BFHI has led to increased rates of exclusive breastfeeding, which are reflected in improved health and survival. Based on this progress, the Initiative was streamlined according to the experience of the countries and materials were revised. The new package consolidated all WHO and UNICEF materials into one package, reflected new research and experience, revisited the criteria used for the BFHI in light of HIV/ AIDS, reinforced the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes, provided modules for mother-friendly care, and gave more guidance for monitoring and reassessment. WHO and partners will continue to give support to BFHI implementation as one essential effort contributing to achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. PMID:20496615

  4. A transition strategy for becoming a baby-friendly hospital: exploring the costs, benefits, and challenges.

    PubMed

    DelliFraine, Jami; Langabeer, James; Delgado, Rigoberto; Williams, Janet F; Gong, Alice

    2013-04-01

    The objectives of this study were to provide an economic assessment as well as a calculated projection of the costs that typical U.S. tertiary-care hospitals would incur through policy reconfiguration and implementation to achieve the UNICEF/World Health Organization Baby-Friendly® Hospital designation and to examine the associated challenges and benefits of becoming a Baby-Friendly Hospital. We analyzed hospital resource utilization, focusing on formula use and staffing profiles at one U.S. urban tertiary-care teaching hospital, as well as conducted an online survey and telephone interviews with a selection of Baby-Friendly Hospitals to obtain their perspective on costs, challenges, and benefits. Findings indicate that added costs for a new Baby-Friendly Hospital will approximate $148 per birth, but these costs sharply decrease over time as breastfeeding rates increase in a Baby-Friendly environment. PMID:23249129

  5. Neonatal weight loss at a US Baby-Friendly TM Hospital

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xena Grossman; Jana H. Chaudhuri; Lori Feldman-Winter; Anne Merewood

    Few if any studies have examined weight loss among term newborns by weighing infantsdaily for the first week of life. Perhaps because so few data exist, there is no standard in the US for normal newborn weight loss. Our objective was to investigate normal newborn weight loss among infants born in a US Baby-FriendlyTM hospital, by weighing infants daily for

  6. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative 20 years on: facts, progress, and the way forward.

    PubMed

    Saadeh, Randa Jarudi

    2012-08-01

    The BFHI provides a framework for addressing the major factors that have contributed to the erosion of breastfeeding, that is, maternity care practices that interfere with breastfeeding. Until practices improve, attempts to promote breastfeeding outside the health service will be impeded. Although inappropriate maternity care cannot be held solely responsible for low exclusive breastfeeding rates and short breastfeeding duration, appropriate care may be a prerequisite for raising them. In many industrialized countries, BFHI activities were slow to start. Over the past 10 years and as the evidence was becoming increasingly solid and the commitment of health workers and decision makers has become stronger, considerable efforts are being made in most industrialized countries to implement the BFHI. However, coordinators of the BFHI in industrialized countries face obstacles to successful implementation that appear unique to these countries. Problems reported include opposition from the health care establishment, lack of support from national authorities, and lack of awareness or acceptance of the need for the initiative among government departments, the health care system, and parents. It is worth highlighting these facts to enable the BFHI coordinators in these countries to make well-designed and targeted plans with achievable objectives. Strengthening and scaling up the BFHI is an undisputed way to reduce infant mortality and improve quality of care for mothers and children. The BFHI has had great impact on breastfeeding practices. Reflecting new infant feeding research findings and recommendations, the tools and courses used to change hospital practices in line with Baby-Friendly criteria are available and ready to be used and implemented. Governments should ensure that all personnel who are involved in health, nutrition, child survival, or maternal health are fully informed and energized to take advantage of an environment that is conducive to revitalizing the BFHI; incorporate the basic competencies for protection, promotion, and support of optimal infant and young child feeding, including the BFHI, into all health-worker curricula, whether facility- or community-based health workers; and recognize that the BFHI has a major role to play in child survival and more so in the context of HIV/AIDS. The World Health Organization and UNICEF strongly recommend using this new set of materials to ensure solid and full implementation of the BFHI global criteria and sustain progress already made. It is one way of improving child health and survival, and it is moving ahead to put the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding in place, thus moving steadily to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. PMID:22723528

  7. The New Zealand/aotearoa baby-friendly hospital initiative implementation journey: piki ake te tihi--"strive for excellence".

    PubMed

    Martis, Ruth; Stufkens, Julie

    2013-05-01

    The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched by the World Health Organization and United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund in 1991 following the Innocenti Declaration of 1990, of which New Zealand/Aotearoa was a signatory. After a number of unsuccessful attempts to implement BFHI by breastfeeding advocates, the New Zealand Breastfeeding Authority (NZBA) was established in 1999. Successful BFHI implementation was achieved through a number of factors, including the establishment of a national body (NZBA) with oversight of BFHI facility implementation and auditing, M?ori and consumer participation at all levels, the recertification requirements for midwives of breastfeeding education by the Midwifery Council, and maternity facilities having paid BFHI coordinators. Once the NZBA was established, BFHI accreditation of maternity facilities had a rapid rise from 0% in 2000 to 96.1% in 2011 (74 of 77 facilities). Data collected over this period shows a 28.8-percentage-point increase of exclusive breastfeeding at discharge from maternity facilitates between 2001 (55.6%) and 2011 (84.4%). Future strategies focus on having all relevant community providers achieve Baby-Friendly Community Initiative accreditation and on the NZBA's lobbying the government for initiatives that support, promote, and protect breastfeeding. PMID:23592422

  8. Japanese trends in breastfeeding rate in baby-friendly hospitals between 2007 and 2010: a retrospective hospital-based surveillance study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The goal of Japan’s national “Healthy and Happy Family 21” campaign is to increase the nationwide breastfeeding rate for babies in the first month of life, which is currently below 50%, to a level of 60%. In this article, we summarize the breastfeeding rate for all of Japan’s baby-friendly hospitals (BFHs) and extract their strengths in conjunction with the structural and legislative support that they have in place and finally draw up a policy for dispersing BFH activities to non-BFH delivery facilities, which could be useful for increasing the breastfeeding rate. Methods This study included all of the 61 BFHs that are registered in Japan. These hospitals account for approximately 2% of nearly 3,000 Japanese delivery facilities. The surveillance data, which were collected anonymously by the Japan Breastfeeding Association in 2007–2010, were summarized. The numbers of babies who were breastfed after delivery, at discharge from BFHs and at one month of age, were collated. The length of hospital/clinic stay was also collected. Results The collection rate was 100% in each year (2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010). The breastfeeding rates during hospital stay, at discharge, and one month were >70%, ~90%, and >75%, respectively. The median length of stay was 5 days (minimum/maximum: 5/8) for primipara. Conclusions The breastfeeding rate at BFHs at one month of age was more than 75%. This surpassed the current national average (<50%). The median length of hospital/clinic stay was 5 days. In this 5-day period, BFH activities can play an important role in increasing the breastfeeding rate. Since hospitalization for the reported national median length of stay of 6 days, is legally guaranteed, the disbursement of BFH activities to non-BFH delivery facilities, with special support to mothers who delivered by cesarean delivery, would be a useful strategy for achieving a 60% breastfeeding rate at one month of age. PMID:24229318

  9. Factors Influencing the Intention of Perinatal Nurses to Adopt the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in Southeastern Quebec, Canada: Implications for Practice

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Nurses play a major role in promoting the baby-friendly hospital initiative (BFHI), yet the adoption of this initiative by nurses remains a challenge in many countries, despite evidences of its positive impacts on breastfeeding outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing perinatal nurses to adopt the BFHI in their practice. Methods. A sample of 159 perinatal nurses from six hospital-based maternity centers completed a survey based on the theory of planned behavior. Hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between key independent variables and nurses' intention to adopt the BFHI in their practice. A discriminant analysis of nurses' beliefs helped identify the targets of actions to foster the adoption the BFHI among nurses. Results. The participants are mainly influenced by factors pertaining to their perceived capacity to overcome the strict criteria of the BFHI, the mothers' approval of a nursing practice based on the BFHI, and the antenatal preparation of the mothers. Conclusions. This study provides theory-based evidence for the development of effective interventions aimed at promoting the adoption of the BFHI in nurses' practice. PMID:25101173

  10. The Baby-Friendly Initiative: Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding

    PubMed Central

    Pound, Catherine M; Unger, Sharon L

    2012-01-01

    Breastfeeding confers extensive and well-established benefits and is recognized as an extremely effective preventative health measure for both mothers and babies. Except in very few specific medical situations, breastfeeding should be universally encouraged for all mothers and infants. To improve worldwide breastfeeding initiation and duration rates, the WHO and UNICEF launched the Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) in 1991. The goal was to protect, promote and support breastfeeding by adherence to the WHO’s “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”. Since then, more than 20,000 hospitals in 156 countries have achieved Baby-Friendly status, with a resultant increase in both breastfeeding initiation and duration. Still, only 500 hospitals are currently designated Baby-Friendly in industrialized countries, including 37 health centres or health authorities in Canada. Health care practitioners have a unique and influential role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding. Provincial and territorial government leadership is essential to ensuring implementation of the BFI in all health care facilities delivering services to families with young children. PMID:23730170

  11. [Is drug use in maternity wards baby-friendly enough?].

    PubMed

    Handal, M; Matheson, I

    1995-11-20

    Quality assurance in the care of breast-feeding women and their nursing infants also applies to drugs administered during delivery and puerperium. Large variations among hospitals may indicate that drug use is irrational. A survey comparing the extent of drug sales from the hospital pharmacy to maternity wards in eight Norwegian hospitals was performed in 1992 and the results were compared with data from 1988. The purpose was to examine whether the drug use was "baby-friendly" with regard to the following criteria; proven efficacy for the indication; no effect on milk ejection, milk production and interaction with infant; minimal transfer of drug to milk. Large variations were found among hospitals in the case of some oxytocic drugs. High use of oxytocin as nasal spray and metylergometrine as tablets may indicate unnecessary use of drugs. A large decrease (89%) in the use of hypnotics was found from 1988 to 1992, which may indicate previous irrational use of these drugs. Pethidine as pain relief during delivery remained stable during this period, and was received by 40-60% of women giving birth. None of the drugs given to the mothers was assessed to represent a risk to the breast-fed infant. In general, drug use in maternity wards had decreased during the last four years and, with some exceptions, appeared to be more baby-friendly. PMID:7491609

  12. Barriers, facilitators, and recommendations related to implementing the Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI): an integrative review.

    PubMed

    Semenic, Sonia; Childerhose, Janet E; Lauzière, Julie; Groleau, Danielle

    2012-08-01

    Despite growing evidence for the positive impact of the Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) on breastfeeding outcomes, few studies have investigated the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of Baby-Friendly practices that can be used to improve uptake of the BFI at the local or country levels. This integrative review aimed to identify and synthesize information on the barriers, facilitators, and recommendations related to the BFI from the international, peer-reviewed literature. Thirteen databases were searched using the keywords Baby Friendly, Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, BFI, BFHI, Ten Steps, implementation, adoption, barriers, facilitators, and their combinations. A total of 45 English-language articles from 16 different countries met the inclusion criteria for the review. Data analysis was guided by Cooper's five stages of integrative research review. Using a multiple intervention program framework, findings were categorized into sociopolitical, organizational-level, and individual-level barriers and facilitators to implementing the BFI, as well as intra-, inter-, and extraorganizational recommendations for strengthening BFI implementation. A wide variety of obstacles and potential solutions to BFI implementation were identified. Findings suggest some priority issues to address when pursuing Baby-Friendly designation, including the endorsements of both local administrators and governmental policy makers, effective leadership of the practice change process, health care worker training, the marketing influence of formula companies, and integrating hospital and community health services. Framing the BFI as a complex, multilevel, evidence-based change process and using context-focused research implementation models to guide BFI implementation efforts may help identify effective strategies for promoting wider adoption of the BFI in health services. PMID:22628290

  13. Stool viruses in babies in Glasgow. 4. Further hospital studies.

    PubMed

    Madeley, C R; Scott, T M; Campbell, C; Miller, J

    1982-12-01

    The events occurring during the time in hospital of 24 babies were recorded in detail, particularly those related to bowel function. The babies were admitted to a general paediatric unit with various diagnoses a total of 27 times during a six month period. The purpose of the study was to fill gaps in the records of a previous study (Scott et al. 1979) and to try to relate excretion of viruses detectable by electron microscopy to disturbances of bowel function (diarrhoea and/or vomiting). The results showed that a variety of viruses were associated with gastroenteropathy, that virus excretion could occur without disease and that hospital acquisition of virus is not uncommon. Antiobiotic treatment did not appear to precipitate diarrhoea in this small number of babies. PMID:7153507

  14. Debating life after disaster: charity hospital babies and bioscientific futures in post-Katrina New Orleans.

    PubMed

    Lovell, Anne M

    2011-06-01

    In Louisiana's unique, populist-derived charity health system, the self-designation Charity Hospital Baby expresses situational identity anchored in the life cycle and the inversion of racist and authoritative connotations. This article draws on theoretical perspectives of stratified reproduction and the politics of time to examine the controversy in which Babies advocate reopening the Katrina-damaged New Orleans Charity Hospital, and administrators and planners support a new state-of-the-art biosciences district, GNOBED. Babies evoke the present, ethical urgency (kairos) of responding to sickness and disability; GNOBED implies prolonging or saving future lives through biotechnologies under development in accelerated time (chronos). As preservationists and residents threatened with displacement join "re-open Charity" proponents, planners symbolically engage in prolepsis, rhetorically precluding opposing arguments with flash forward of supposedly "done deals." At stake is nothing less than social death for a segment of this ethnically diverse city. [public PMID:21834361

  15. The Loneliest Babies: Foster Care in the Hospital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dicker, Sheryl

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses an ignored problem--the plight of infants and toddlers in foster care who find themselves hospitalized. A majority of the children in foster care will be hospitalized for medical treatment while in foster care because they are more likely to have serious medical problems or developmental disabilities than their age peers.…

  16. [The family-friendly hospital: (how) does it work?].

    PubMed

    Heller, A R; Heller, S C

    2009-06-01

    The demographic development in Germany is heading towards a significant shortage in specialists within the next 10-15 years with an increased demand for health services at the same time. The three-stage model of family life planning (work, family phase, return) will also be gradually replaced by a model of simultaneous compatibility of family and work. This change in values, although initiated by the parents themselves, may turn out to be a crucial countermeasure in national economy against the demography-related loss of qualified personnel. For these three trends the economic need arises to minimize family-related absence of our well-trained, motivated and reliable doctors from the clinical departments through implementation of family-friendly human resources policies and supporting measures by the employers. In a representative survey 26% of respondents with children had in the past already changed their workplace to ensure a better match of work and family duties. In this regard the compatibility of family and professional responsibilities had a higher impact on the selection of the employer than a high income. Accordingly, a work-life competence oriented business plan will represent the crucial factor within the competition between universities, hospitals and professional disciplines to attract high potential bearers although a sustained change of the traditional hospital culture is mandatory. Anaesthesia-related fields of development regarding family-friendly corporate governance are working hours and organization of work, part-time jobs even for managers and fathers, and staff development. In the hospital daily routine, in particular, creative solutions meeting the local demands are deemed necessary that do not involve the use of high financial resources. Family-friendly personnel policy not only arises from altruistic enthusiasm but also pays off economically. This article discusses the necessity, opportunities and threads of family-oriented hospital management and fields of action for anaesthesia departments. PMID:19484192

  17. Age-Related Incidence Curve of Hospitalized Shaken Baby Syndrome Cases: Convergent Evidence for Crying as a Trigger to Shaking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Ronald G.; Trent, Roger B.; Cross, Julie

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To determine whether there is an age-specific incidence of hospitalized cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) that has similar properties to the previously reported ''normal crying curve,'' as a form of indirect evidence that crying is an important stimulus for SBS. Design and setting: The study analyzed cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome by…

  18. The impact of the Baby Friendly Health Initiative in the Australian health care system: a critical narrative review of the evidence.

    PubMed

    Atchan, Marjorie; Davis, Deborah; Foureur, Maralyn

    2013-07-01

    Studies have identified that the practices of maternity facilities and health professionals are crucial to women's experience of support and breastfeeding 'success'. The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched globally in 1991 to protect, promote and support breastfeeding. While a direct causal effect has not been established and critics suggest the rhetoric conflicts with women's lived experiences as new mothers, a positive association between the Initiative and breastfeeding prevalence is apparent. Internationally, impact studies have demonstrated that where the Initiative is well integrated, there is an increase in rates of breastfeeding initiation and, to a lesser extent, duration. In consideration of the known health risks associated with the use of artificial baby milks this would suggest that BFHI implementation and accreditation should be a desirable strategy for committed health facilities. However, a variation in both BFHI uptake and breastfeeding prevalence between nations has been reported. This narrative review critically discusses a variety of issues relevant to the uptake and support of breastfeeding and the BFHI, utilising Australia as a case study. Whilst it enjoys 'in principle' policy support, Australia also suffers from a lack of uniformity in uptake and perception of the benefits of BFHI at all levels of the health system. Australian and international studies have identified similar enablers and barriers to implementation. PMID:23957177

  19. Migrant-friendly hospitals: a paediatric perspective - improving hospital care for migrant children

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The European Union (EU) Migrant-Friendly Hospital (MFH) Initiative, introduced in 2002, promotes the adoption of care approaches adapted to meet the service needs of migrants. However, for paediatric hospitals, no specific recommendations have been offered for MFH care for children. Using the Swiss MFH project as a case study, this paper aims to identify hospital-based care needs of paediatric migrants (PMs) and good service approaches. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with principal project leaders of five paediatric hospitals participating in the Swiss MFH project. A review of the international literature on non-clinical hospital service needs and service responses of paediatric MFHs was conducted. Results Paediatric care can be complex, usually involving both the patient and the patient’s family. Key challenges include differing levels of acculturation between parents and children; language barriers; cultural differences between patient and provider; and time constraints. Current service and infrastructural responses include interpretation services for PMs and parents, translated information material, and special adaptations to ensure privacy, e.g., during breastfeeding. Clear standards for paediatric migrant-friendly hospitals (P-MFH) are lacking. Conclusions International research on hospital care for migrant children is scarce. The needs of paediatric migrants and their families may differ from guidance for adults. Paediatric migrant needs should be systematically identified and used to inform paediatric hospital care approaches. Hospital processes from admission to discharge should be revised to ensure implementation of migrant-sensitive approaches suitable for children. Staff should receive adequate support, such as training, easily available interpreters and sufficient consultation time, to be able to provide migrant-friendly paediatric services. The involvement of migrant groups may be helpful. Improving the quality of care for PMs at both policy and service levels is an investment in the future that will benefit native and migrant families. PMID:24093461

  20. Cost-Effectiveness of the “Helping Babies Breathe” Program in a Missionary Hospital in Rural Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    Vossius, Corinna; Lotto, Editha; Lyanga, Sara; Mduma, Estomih; Msemo, Georgina; Perlman, Jeffrey; Ersdal, Hege L.

    2014-01-01

    Objective The Helping Babies Breathe” (HBB) program is an evidence-based curriculum in basic neonatal care and resuscitation, utilizing simulation-based training to educate large numbers of birth attendants in low-resource countries. We analyzed its cost-effectiveness at a faith-based Haydom Lutheran Hospital (HLH) in rural Tanzania. Methods Data about early neonatal mortality and fresh stillbirth rates were drawn from a linked observational study during one year before and one year after full implementation of the HBB program. Cost data were provided by the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW), the research department at HLH, and the manufacturer of the training material Lærdal Global Health. Findings Costs per life saved were USD 233, while they were USD 4.21 per life year gained. Costs for maintaining the program were USD 80 per life saved and USD 1.44 per life year gained. Costs per disease adjusted life year (DALY) averted ranged from International Dollars (ID; a virtual valuta corrected for purchasing power world-wide) 12 to 23, according to how DALYs were calculated. Conclusion The HBB program is a low-cost intervention. Implementation in a very rural faith-based hospital like HLH has been highly cost-effective. To facilitate further global implementation of HBB a cost-effectiveness analysis including government owned institutions, urban hospitals and district facilities is desirable for a more diverse analysis to explore cost-driving factors and predictors of enhanced cost-effectiveness. PMID:25006802

  1. The Dementia Friendly Hospital Initiative education program for acute care nurses and staff.

    PubMed

    Palmer, Janice L; Lach, Helen W; McGillick, Janis; Murphy-White, Maggie; Carroll, Maria B; Armstrong, Johanna L

    2014-09-01

    Individuals with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias have 3.2 million hospital stays annually, which is significantly more than older individuals without dementia. Hospitalized patients with dementia are at greater risk of delirium, falls, overwhelming functional decline that may extend the hospital stay, and prolonged or complicated rehabilitation. These risks highlight the need for staff education on the special care needs of this vulnerable population. This article describes a one-day education program, the Dementia Friendly Hospital Initiative, designed to teach staff how to provide the specialized care required by patients with dementia. Participants (N = 355) from five different hospitals, including 221 nurses, completed a pretest-posttest evaluation for the program. Changes in participants attitudes and practices, confidence, and knowledge were evaluated. Scores indicated significant improvement on the posttest. The evaluation provides further evidence for recommending dissemination of the Dementia Friendly Hospital Initiative. PMID:25299008

  2. Perinatal Outcome of Babies Delivered to Eclamptic Mothers: A Prospective Study from a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital

    PubMed Central

    George, Innocent O.; Jeremiah, Israel

    2009-01-01

    Background: Eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality in Nigeria. Preventive and interventional measures have been shown to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity with no significant beneficial effect on neonatal outcomes. The aim of this study is to assess the perinatal outcome of eclampsia at the University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH). Materials and methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted on 88 consecutive patients presenting with antepartum eclampsia at the UPTH between 1st January 2007 and 31st December 2008. A protocol was developed and used to collect information about socio-demographic characteristics, mode of delivery, perinatal complications and outcome. Data collected was entered into a spread sheet using SPSS 15.0 for Windows® statistical software which was also used for analysis. Chi square was used to test relationship between variables. P value<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There were a total of 5488 deliveries at the University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital from January 2007 to December 2008. Of these, 5,310 were live births while 404 were perinatal deaths giving perinatal mortality rate of 73.6 per 1000 live births. Eighty eight (1.6%) of the mothers were eclamptic. Eight (9.1%) were booked, 80 (90.1%) were unbooked. The mean gestational age at delivery was 35.1 ± 4.2 weeks. The main mode of delivery was by emergency caesarian section in 49 (55.7%) of the patients. Others were spontaneous vertex delivery (34.1%), assisted vaginal breech delivery (6.8%) and instrumental vaginal delivery (3.4%). Fifty four babies (61.4%) were admitted into the Special Care Baby Unit. Indications for admission include prematurity (n=23), low birth weight (n=10), severe birth asphyxia (n=12), neonatal jaundice (n=4) and neonatal sepsis (n=5). There were 37 perinatal deaths giving a perinatal mortality rate of 411 per 1000 live births. Of the mortalities, 19 were intrauterine foetal deaths, while 18 were early neonatal deaths. Causes of death include severe birth asphyxia (n=6), respiratory distress syndrome (n=4), prematurity (n=4), neonatal jaundice (n=1) and sepsis (n=3). Conclusion: Eclampsia is a major contributor of perinatal mortality and morbidity in Nigeria. Detection and appropriate management of preeclampsia is critical to reduce the risk of eclampsia. PMID:23675163

  3. Moving Towards the Age-friendly Hospital: A Paradigm Shift for the Hospital-based Care of the Elderly

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Allen R.; Larente, Nadine; Morais, Jose A.

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Care of the older adult in the acute care hospital is becoming more challenging. Patients 65 years and older account for 35% of hospital discharges and 45% of hospital days. Up to one-third of the hospitalized frail elderly loses independent functioning in one or more activities of daily living as a result of the ‘hostile environment’ that is present in the acute hospitals. A critical deficit of health care workers with expertise and experience in the care of the elderly also jeopardizes successful care delivery in the acute hospital setting. Methods We propose a paradigm shift in the culture and practice of event-driven acute hospital-based care of the elderly which we call the Age-friendly Hospital concept. Guiding principles include: a favourable physical environment; zero tolerance for ageism throughout the organization; an integrated process to develop comprehensive services using the geriatric approach; assistance with appropriateness decision-making and fostering links between the hospital and the community. Our current proposed strategy is to focus on delirium management as a hospital-wide condition that both requires and highlights the Geriatric Medicine specialist as an expert of content, for program development and of evaluation. Conclusion The Age-friendly Hospital concept we propose may lead the way to enable hospitals in the fast-moving health care system to deliver high-quality care without jeopardizing risk-benefit, function, and quality of life balances for the frail elderly. Recruitment and retention of skilled health care professionals would benefit from this positive ‘branding’ of an institution. Convincing hospital management and managing change are significant challenges, especially with competing priorities in a fiscal environment with limited funding. The implementation of a hospital-wide delirium management program is an example of an intervention that embodies many of the principles in the Age-friendly Hospital concept. It is important to change the way hospital care is delivered to older adults in time to meet our needs when we need hospital services ourselves. PMID:23251321

  4. Development of a baby friendly non-contact method for measuring vital signs: First results of clinical measurements in an open incubator at a neonatal intensive care unit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klaessens, John H.; van den Born, Marlies; van der Veen, Albert; Sikkens-van de Kraats, Janine; van den Dungen, Frank A.; Verdaasdonk, Rudolf M.

    2014-02-01

    For infants and neonates in an incubator vital signs, such as heart rate, breathing, skin temperature and blood oxygen saturation are measured by sensors and electrodes sticking to the skin. This can damage the vulnerable skin of neonates and cause infections. In addition, the wires interfere with the care and hinder the parents in holding and touching the baby. These problems initiated the search for baby friendly 'non-contact' measurement of vital signs. Using a sensitive color video camera and specially developed software, the heart rate was derived from subtle repetitive color changes. Potentially also respiration and oxygen saturation could be obtained. A thermal camera was used to monitor the temperature distribution of the whole body and detect small temperature variations around the nose revealing the respiration rate. After testing in the laboratory, seven babies were monitored (with parental consent) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) simultaneously with the regular monitoring equipment. From the color video recordings accurate heart rates could be derived and the thermal images provided accurate respiration rates. To correct for the movements of the baby, tracking software could be applied. At present, the image processing was performed off-line. Using narrow band light sources also non-contact blood oxygen saturation could be measured. Non-contact monitoring of vital signs has proven to be feasible and can be developed into a real time system. Besides the application on the NICU non-contact vital function monitoring has large potential for other patient groups.

  5. A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    E-print Network

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    your baby to bed with a bottle. 5. Take your child to the dentist by age 1. #12;When do you have to start taking care of a baby's teeth? Ann and her friend Maria were watching Maria's children play. "What are you doing?" asked Ann. "I'm cleaning my baby's teeth," said Maria. "But your baby hardly has any teeth

  6. A system-wide analysis using a senior-friendly hospital framework identifies current practices and opportunities for improvement in the care of hospitalized older adults.

    PubMed

    Wong, Ken S; Ryan, David P; Liu, Barbara A

    2014-11-01

    Older adults are vulnerable to hospital-associated complications such as falls, pressure ulcers, functional decline, and delirium, which can contribute to prolonged hospital stay, readmission, and nursing home placement. These vulnerabilities are exacerbated when the hospital's practices, services, and physical environment are not sufficiently mindful of the complex, multidimensional needs of frail individuals. Several frameworks have emerged to help hospitals examine how organization-wide processes can be customized to avoid these complications. This article describes the application of one such framework-the Senior-Friendly Hospital (SFH) framework adopted in Ontario, Canada-which comprises five interrelated domains: organizational support, processes of care, emotional and behavioral environment, ethics in clinical care and research, and physical environment. This framework provided the blueprint for a self-assessment of all 155 adult hospitals across the province of Ontario. The system-wide analysis identified practice gaps and promising practices within each domain of the SFH framework. Taken together, these results informed 12 recommendations to support hospitals at all stages of development in becoming friendly to older adults. Priorities for system-wide action were identified, encouraging hospitals to implement or further develop their processes to better address hospital-acquired delirium and functional decline. These recommendations led to collaborative action across the province, including the development of an online toolkit and the identification of accountability indicators to support hospitals in quality improvement focusing on senior-friendly care. PMID:25355067

  7. [Impact of the Friend of Child and Mother hospital program in a hospital in the Mexican Institute of Social Security].

    PubMed

    Villasís Keever, M A; Romero Toledo, R M; Campos León, G

    1998-11-01

    Breast feeding frequency in our country is between 13 and 80% and it is diminishing. One of the purposes of the Program called Hospital Friend of the Child and the Mother is to favor breast feeding but this has not been evaluated as yet. Frequency of breast feeding among the mothers who received the program, and the ones without it, in the influence area of HGZ 1-A; and the ones factors that could influenced for breast feeding. An analytic transversal study, was carried out, in mothers with a child between 6 and 12 months of age who assisted to the Outpatient consultation at HGZ 1-A and MME 10, 15 and 43, during the study period. The were invited to participate to have an interview, to know the mother's age, civil status, socioeconomical level, schooling and amount of sons. The place where her last delivery took place, was asked for. It was asked if breast feeding took place during the adequate time; the causes for not do it, and other points about breast feeding. The questionnaire in a first phase was prepared in order to be easily understood at the time of its application, and it was carried out by only one person. At the time of interview it was not known if the mother had used breast feeding or not. The amount in the sample was 261 mothers. The statistical analysis was of a descriptive type, for comparison of averages; it was used for comparison of square chi and calculations of reason of momios with IC at 95%. Two hundred and sixty two mothers were interviewed. The interview was done in 211/262, (80.5%) in the UMF and the rest at HGZ. Average age 26 years, 78.6% were married; average schooling, 8 years (74; good socioeconomical level, 70%, home labor. Amount of children was 1 to 6, 48% had only one child; average age of the last child at the time of interview, 11 moths. The resolution of the last pregnancy occurred in 73% of the cases in a IMSS hospital; 15.3% in a private hospital, and the rest in another institution. The program was given, more frequently at the IMSS, than in the rest 232/262; (88%) were breast fed. Average of time of breast feeding, 9 moths. There were no difference of sociodemographic variables in the group with breast feeding, and the one without breast feeding. The common causes (75%) for no breast feeding, were of maternal origin (infections, lack of milk production, work, etc.); the rest mentioned rejection to breast feeding. There was a better knowledge of breast feeding among the mothers who used it. The factors statistically associated to breast feeding were: conjoint lodging; to offer breast during the first hour of life; and have received information about this Program. The Program in the influence area of HGZ 1-A favors breast feeding. The factors for this were: improvement of mother-Child relation and the better knowledge of the advantages of breast feeding. PMID:9823706

  8. A “Migrant Friendly Hospital” Initiative in Geneva, Switzerland: Evaluation of the Effects on Staff Knowledge and Practices

    PubMed Central

    Hudelson, Patricia; Dominice Dao, Melissa; Perneger, Thomas; Durieux-Paillard, Sophie

    2014-01-01

    Background International migration poses important challenges to European health care systems. The development of “migrant friendly hospitals” has been identified as a priority in both Europe and Switzerland. Methods A multi-pronged initiative was developed at Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) to improve staff knowledge and use of existing “migrant friendly” resources. A self-administered questionnaire was sent pre and post-intervention to random samples of 4 major professional groups with direct patient contact at the HUG. The questionnaire assessed staff knowledge, attitudes and reported practices regarding the care of migrant patients. Results Overall response rate was 51% (N?=?1460) in 2010 but only 19% (N?=?761) in 2013 owing to an institutionally imposed change in survey method. Despite these difficulties, and after adjusting for sample differences, we found that respondents in 2013 were significantly more likely to have received training in how to organize an appointment with an interpreter, how to work with an interpreter and about health and social services available for migrant patients. Respondents were also significantly more likely to have used several Migrant Friendly structures at the HUG. Use of, preference for and perceived skill at working with professional interpreters all improved, and respondents were both more likely to be encouraged by their supervisors to use professional interpreters, and less likely to be encouraged to look for alternative solutions for communicating with non francophone patients. Finally, 2013 respondents encountered fewer difficulties caring for migrant patients, although lack of time and language barriers continued to be the most important sources of difficulty. Conclusion Our results suggest that an institution-wide information campaign may contribute to increased awareness and use of migrant friendly resources by clinical staff. Hospital commitment and financing, along with inter-departmental participation in all activities were important in creating and maintaining project visibility, and in contributing to a migrant friendly institutional culture. PMID:25198063

  9. Implementing a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol-helping babies breathe at birth (HBB) - at a tertiary level hospital in Nepal for an increased perinatal survival

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Reducing neonatal death has been an emerging challenge in low and middle income countries in the past decade. The development of the low cost interventions and their effective delivery are needed to reduce deaths from birth asphyxia. This study will assess the impact of a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol provided by Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) at a tertiary hospital in Nepal. Perinatal outcomes and performance of skilled birth attendants on management of intrapartum-related neonatal hypoxia will be the main measurements. Methods/Design The study will be carried out at a tertiary level maternity hospital in Nepal. A prospective cohort-study will include a six-month baseline a six month intervention period and a three-month post intervention period. A quality improvement process cycle will introduce the neonatal resuscitation protocol. A surveillance system, including CCD cameras and pulse oximeters, will be set up to evaluate the intervention. Discussion Along with a technique to improve health workers performance on the protocol, the study will generate evidence on the research gap on the effectiveness of the simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol on intrapartum outcome and early neonatal survival. This will generate a global interest and inform policymaking in relation to delivery care in all income settings. Trial registration ISRCTN97846009 PMID:23039709

  10. Baby Tales

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Science NetLinks (PBS; )

    2008-04-29

    This site helps students learn about the conception and development of various baby animals. Users can click on "breeding" to get some basic information about the different factors that determine the breeding period. They can then click on the breeding calendar and maneuver through all the months with the orange arrows on each side. The calendar has various animals listed in their correct breeding time. Students can click on an animal to bring up information on that animal's breeding season, number of babies in a litter, and weaning time. Next, students can click on "gestation" to receive some basic information about the development of the baby. They can then click on the gestation graph to see how long each baby takes to develop from conception to birth. Again, students will navigate through this graph using the arrows on each side of the graph.

  11. Baby Steps to Better Care: One Hospital's Story of Success in Health Care Improvement for Newborns and Their Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minear, Susan; Pedulla, Mary Jo; Philipp, Barbara L.

    2009-01-01

    Multidisciplinary support for families of newborns is critical for their health and safety. This article describes three programs at one urban hospital which were implemented to (a) improve breastfeeding support, (b) enhance practitioners' observation and communication skills, and (c) provide a comprehensive social response to the urgent…

  12. Hospitalization-based treatment for postpartum depressed mothers and their babies: rationale, principles, and preliminary follow-up data.

    PubMed

    Vliegen, Nicole; Casalin, Sara; Luyten, Patrick; Docx, Ria; Lenaerts, Marijs; Tang, Eileen; Kempke, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the rationale and treatment principles of a mother-infant unit for severely depressed mothers and their infants in Flanders (Belgium). The unit integrates systemic, psychodynamic, and cognitive behavioral treatment approaches, and aims at improvements on three levels: (1) improving mood and interpersonal relationships in depressed mothers, (2) fostering a positive mother infant relationship, and (3) establishing a supportive environment outside the treatment setting for both mother and infant. In addition, we present preliminary data of a 3.5-year naturalistic follow-up study of postpartum depressed mothers (n = 41) admitted at this mother-infant unit between April 2003 and April 2005. Results showed that at 3.5-year follow-up a considerable subgroup of mothers (61%) were functioning relatively well, as indicated by low levels of depressive symptoms, anxiety and anger, negative affect, and relatively high levels of positive affect. Yet, in line with other studies, a relatively large subgroup of mothers (39%) continued to suffer from (severe) depression during follow-up. Using a Life History Calendar method, it was found that, compared to currently nondepressed mothers, mothers who were depressed at follow-up did not have more depressive episodes but had longer depressive episodes, received more psychotherapy after hospitalization, and experienced more negative life events during the 3.5-year follow-up period. Implications of these findings for future research and intervention strategies in postpartum depression are discussed. PMID:23631545

  13. Babies Need Tummy Time

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Head FAQs Myths and Facts Babies Need Tummy Time! Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... of your baby’s normal growth. What Is Tummy Time? Tummy Time describes the times when you place ...

  14. Breastfeed Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... fact, giving babies rice cereal, baby food, or formula during the first 6 months can keep them ... illness Is easier for babies to digest than formula Benefits for you Breastfeeding: Can save your family ...

  15. Sand Babies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-07-30

    In this math lesson, learners explore and investigate measurement using standard and non-standard units. First, learners round their birth weight to the nearest pound and construct a bar graph displaying the weights of the entire group. Next, learners measure and place enough sand into a plastic bag to equal their birth weight. With construction paper, crayons and markers, they draw a head, arms, and legs and turn the bags into sand babies. At centers, learners also investigate other types of measurements using non-standard plastic links to measure parts of their body and square tiles to measure the area of a footprint.

  16. Making Babies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Irene Salter

    2012-04-09

    This activity is designed to introduce learners to genes, genotypes and simple inheritance patterns. In this activity, learners make guesses about their own genotype, create gametes from their genotypes, then make “babies” with a partner. Along the way, learners discover answers to the questions such as: What are genes? How are genes (and traits) passed on? How are gametes different than other cells in our body? Why don’t siblings look alike? This activity is designed to be used in conjunction with the "Human Traits" activity from the same resource but can be used alone.

  17. Hazards of baby walkers in a European context

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Petridou; E. Simou; C. Skondras; G. Pistevos; P. Lagos; G. Papoutsakis

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS:

  18. Measuring newborn foot length to identify small babies in need of extra care: a cross sectional hospital based study with community follow-up in Tanzania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanya Marchant; Jennie Jaribu; Suzanne Penfold; Marcel Tanner; Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality because of low birth weight or prematurity remains high in many developing country settings. This research aimed to estimate the sensitivity and specificity, and the positive and negative predictive values of newborn foot length to identify babies who are low birth weight or premature and in need of extra care in a rural African setting. METHODS: A

  19. BabyCenter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    BabyCenter, provided by BabyCenter, Inc., aims to be a clearinghouse of information for expectant or new parents. Users can consult the Baby Monitor (digests of late breaking news), an interactive baby namer, an Ask the Experts section, and several relevant calculators (including an immunization scheduler, a due date calculator, and a budgeting for baby estimator). The site also contains various short articles in six major areas including pregnancy, family life, and working parents.

  20. Friends'T he Friends'Friends'Friends'

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    Friends'T he Friends'Friends'Friends' Registered Charity No. SC 009009 FRIENDS'ACTIVITIES Date for your Diary Spring/Summer 2007 newsnewsnewsnewsnews The Friends of Aberdeen University Library We are delighted to be welcoming for the first time as a speaker to the Friends Peter Davidson, Professor

  1. “DEMENTIA-FRIENDLY HOSPITALS: CARE NOT CRISIS” AN EDCUATIONAL PROGRAM DESIGNED TO IMPROVE THE CARE OF THE HOSPITALIZED PATIENT WITH DEMENTIA

    PubMed Central

    Galvin, James E.; Kuntemeier, Barbara; Al-Hammadi, Noor; Germino, Jessica; Murphy-White, Maggie; McGillick, Janis

    2010-01-01

    Background Approximately 3.2 million hospital stays annually involve a person with dementia, leading to higher costs, longer lengths of stay and poorer outcomes. Older adults with dementia are vulnerable when hospitals are unable to meet their special needs. Methods We developed, implemented and evaluated a training program for 540 individuals at 4 community hospitals. Pre-test, post-test and a 120-day delayed post-test were collected to assess knowledge, confidence and practice parameters. Results The mean age of the sample was 46y; 83% were Caucasian, 90% were female and 60% were nurses. Upon completion, there were significant gains (p’s <.001) in knowledge and confidence in recognizing, assessing and managing dementia. Attendees reported gains in communication skills and strategies to improve the hospital environment, patient safety and behavioral management. At 120 days, 3 of 4 hospitals demonstrated maintenance of confidence. In the hospital that demonstrated lower knowledge and confidence scores, the sample was older and had more nurses and more years in practice. Conclusion We demonstrate the feasibility of training hospital staff about dementia and its impact on patient outcomes. At baseline, there was low knowledge and confidence in the ability to care for dementia patients. Training had an immediate impact on knowledge, confidence and attitudes with lasting impact in 3 of 4 hospitals. We identified targets for intervention and the need for ongoing training and administrative reinforcement in order to sustain behavioral change. Community resources, such as local chapters of the Alzheimer’s Association, may be key community partners in improving care outcomes for hospitalized persons with dementia. PMID:20625267

  2. Finger Foods for Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... baby probably will love the taste of cookies, cake, and other sweets, but do not introduce them ... to rush your baby into trying triple-chocolate cake or some other family favorite. Politely and firmly ...

  3. Your Colicky Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of swallowing too much air while crying. Some theories suggest that colic happens when food moves too ... baby's digestive system or is incompletely digested. Other theories are that colic is due to a baby's ...

  4. Baby feeding patterns

    MedlinePLUS

    ... milk is digested more rapidly than cow's milk formula. Breastfed babies usually require feeding every 1 - 3 ... becoming engorged and stopping the production of milk. Formula-fed babies usually require feeding about every 2 - ...

  5. Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson

    1989-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

  6. The Physics of Babies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shemella, Philip

    2013-03-01

    Since the 2011 birth of my daughter I have been a 100% as a stay-at-home dad and 50% researcher. My ``Routine Adventures'' in the baby universe are the subject of this fun talk that presents the unique challenges of baby physics. Topics include ``Schroedinger's Baby'' and ``The Entropy of Rice.''

  7. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... same groups that recommend babies get vaccinated against whooping cough (pertussis), measles, tetanus, polio, and other serious diseases. ... B, many of these diseases such as rotavirus, whooping cough, and meningitis can result in severe illness, hospitalization, ...

  8. Using Blood Tests to Identify Babies and Criminals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer Doherty

    Students learn the genetics and immunobiology of the ABO blood type system, using simple chemicals and logical reasoning to solve a murder mystery and to determine whether two babies were switched in the hospital.

  9. Welcoming a new baby into the family is certainly exciting, but it can also be very stressful--especially for the littlest member of your family. Ease the transition for your child by attending one of The Medical

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    by attending one of The Medical Center of Plano's special camps designed for expectant siblings. New Baby Day: What a new baby looks like How to become a "big helper" How to make friends with the new baby TourDayCamps Welcoming a new baby into the family is certainly exciting, but it can also be very

  10. Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D N Gleadhill; W J Robson; R E Cudmore; R R Turnock

    1987-01-01

    Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features

  11. Planning for the Baby Boomers' Healthcare Needs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terri C. Albert; Edward Johnson; Daniel Gasperino; Pinar Tokatli

    2004-01-01

    Will the impact of baby boomers, as they age, be a bonanza or a bust for the healthcare system? A range of perspectives prevail, from increasing in-patient admissions capacity to accommodate the sheer numbers, to the creation of a variety of healthcare services and delivery channels that address their unique requirements. This case study presents a top 100, regional hospital's

  12. Baby M: babies (and justice) for sale.

    PubMed

    Annas, G J

    1987-06-01

    A professor of health law criticizes the decisions of New Jersey Superior Court Judge Harvey R. Sorkow which culminated in his awarding permanent custody of Baby M to her biological father, William Stern. Annas quotes from the In re Baby M decision and from the contract between Stern and his wife and surrogate mother Mary Beth Whitehead to support his contention that Sorkow "rendered a sermon filled with contradictions, double-standards, inapt analogies, and unsupported conclusions." He argues that legally Mrs. Whitehead could not have prospectively waived her right to rear a child she bore, that Sorkow was biased in favor of the "upper-middle-class Sterns," and that consideration should be given to returning Baby M to Mrs. Whitehead. He urges state legislatures to outlaw the sale of children, to affirm the legal status of the gestational mother, and to forbid a surrogate's relinquishment of parental rights until after her child's birth. PMID:3610624

  13. Babies and Briefcases: Creating a Family-Friendly Workplace for Fathers. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

    Hearings on family-friendly workplaces for fathers were held in an effort to help create a corporate culture that allows fathers to take advantage of and support different workplace policies. Fathers' impact on children's development, and the reasons why it is important for fathers to be part of the parenting process, are examined. Representative…

  14. baby knitting patterns baby patterns from knittingdaily

    E-print Network

    it for is nothing short of irresistible. The magical part is knowing that when you knit for Baby, you are knitting're not just knitting for practicality or warmth; you're knitting to create a family heirloom. Here, I

  15. Hepatology in the 21st century. Gene transfer, hepatocyte transplantation, DNA chips, cyberspace and ... a friendly hospital.

    PubMed

    Jansen, P L

    1999-12-01

    What to expect for hepatology in the 21st century? If science is allowed to proceed at its current rate, expectations can hardly be underestimated. Bound by the present day's limitations we are only able to see a glimpse of what could be available 100 years from now. For the next few decades, the global eradication of viral hepatitis will be on the agenda. For the treatment of inherited and acquired metabolic, toxic and immune liver disease, targeted drugs, genes and antisense oligonucleotides will be added to our therapeutic repertoire. The completion of the human genome project in 2003 will have far-reaching consequences: the widespread use of prenatal diagnosis, using DNA chip technology, may be expected to cause a dramatic decrease in the incidence of inherited diseases. Liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and inborn errors of metabolism may be treated by gene transfer or gene repair therapy. Although eventually these developments may decrease the need for organ transplantation, this by no means is the case yet and no solution is available for an increased demand and a decreased supply of organs. In the long run, diseases caused by multi-drug-resistant infectious agents and diseases associated with the abuse of alcohol and drugs are expected to become major problems. The future of university-based research is uncertain. The staggering costs of research and limited career possibilities may force universities to the limited task of higher education, with as a result biotech companies, shareholders and corporate finance ruling the scientific waves in the next century. The 21st century patient will know the way in cyberspace and will go shopping for the best doctor, for the best treatment and for the best, or friendliest, hospital. PMID:10628176

  16. Expedient Treatment of a Collodion Baby

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Michael; Pittenger, Jaime; Tobin, Stuart; Chung, Andrew; Desai, Nirmala

    2011-01-01

    Only ~270 cases of collodion babies have been reported in the literature since 1892. As the name suggests, the term “collodion baby” refers to a phenotype that can be characterized by a yellow, shiny, tight parchment-like membrane stretched over the skin. Although the collodion membrane is only an evanescent condition of the newborn, neonatal complications can occur in 45% of all collodion babies, leading to a mortality rate of ~11% in the first few weeks of life. Most children born as collodion babies will spontaneously desquamate within 2 weeks, but may be as long as 3 months. Eventually, these children develop signs of one of several types of ichthyosis, which gives the skin the appearance of “fish scales.” We report a unique case of a Caucasian male that was born as a Collodion baby at the University of Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Although the impairment of the skin barrier function put the patient at risk for a number of complications, he improved significantly after being treated with emollients and antibiotics. In contrast to previous findings, we found that skin emollients were beneficial and did not increase the risk of infection. PMID:23198180

  17. Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...

  18. Bonding with Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... baby feel the different textures of dad's face Building a Support System Of course, it's easier to ... can take nearly all of your attention and energy — especially for a breastfeeding mom. Bonding will be ...

  19. Feeding Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... to Order Bottles Feeding FAQs Bottle Adaptations Movie Credits Terms & Conditions Feeding Your Baby Booklet Parents and ... Help Send us Feedback Terms and Conditions | Movie Credits Click here for the booklet version of our ...

  20. Baby's First Test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... First Test Learn about our initiative. » View more Innovation in Newborn Screening The latest research, news and funding opportunities » View more Innovation About Baby's First Test Contact Us Health Disclaimer ...

  1. Your Baby's Environment

    MedlinePLUS

    ... paint and certain toys Frequently Asked Questions Are plastic baby bottles that use BPA & phthalates safe? Scientists ... Administration has expressed concerns about chemicals used in plastics. BPA is used to make plastics clear, strong ...

  2. Your Premature Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... sometimes happens 2 to 3 weeks after a premature birth. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) . This is an abnormal ... likely due to individual differences, rather than to premature birth. Some very small babies take longer to catch ...

  3. Battle the Baby!

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Science Museum of Minnesota

    2012-06-26

    In this interactive game, learners compare their music-listening skills with that of a three-month-old baby. This game challenges learners to listen to pairs of tunes and detect whether their rhythm or melody is the same or different. Three-month-old babies can recognize rhythms and a series of notes as a melody. They often hear subtle changes to melodies and rhythm that adults sometimes miss. Requires a computer with speakers or headphones.

  4. Infants & Toddlers: "Baby Moves"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2007-01-01

    By three to four months of age, most babies placed on their tummies on a safe, warm surface push down with their arms and raise their chests, so that they can turn their heads to look about at the world around them. By five months, babies stretch both feet and hands upward in order to swipe at interesting mobiles placed overhead. At seven to nine…

  5. Closing the quality gap: promoting evidence-based breastfeeding care in the hospital.

    PubMed

    Bartick, Melissa; Stuebe, Alison; Shealy, Katherine R; Walker, Marsha; Grummer-Strawn, Laurence M

    2009-10-01

    Evidence shows that hospital-based practices affect breastfeeding duration and exclusivity throughout the first year of life. However, a 2007 CDC survey of US maternity facilities documented poor adherence with evidence-based practice. Of a possible score of 100 points, the average hospital scored only 63 with great regional disparities. Inappropriate provision and promotion of infant formula were common, despite evidence that such practices reduce breastfeeding success. Twenty-four percent of facilities reported regularly giving non-breast milk supplements to more than half of all healthy, full-term infants. Metrics available for measuring quality of breastfeeding care, range from comprehensive Baby-Friendly Hospital Certification to compliance with individual steps such as the rate of in-hospital exclusive breastfeeding. Other approaches to improving quality of breastfeeding care include (1) education of hospital decision-makers (eg, through publications, seminars, professional organization statements, benchmark reports to hospitals, and national grassroots campaigns), (2) recognition of excellence, such as through Baby-Friendly hospital designation, (3) oversight by accrediting organizations such as the Joint Commission or state hospital authorities, (4) public reporting of indicators of the quality of breastfeeding care, (5) pay-for-performance incentives, in which Medicaid or other third-party payers provide additional financial compensation to individual hospitals that meet certain quality standards, and (6) regional collaboratives, in which staff from different hospitals work together to learn from each other and meet quality improvement goals at their home institutions. Such efforts, as well as strong central leadership, could affect both initiation and duration of breastfeeding, with substantial, lasting benefits for maternal and child health. PMID:19752082

  6. The baby killers are still at large.

    PubMed

    Power, J

    1994-08-12

    This newspaper editorial reports that the UN Children's Fund's (UNICEF) executive director and recent US Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient believes that 1.5 million infants would survive annually if breast feeding declines worldwide were reversed. UNICEF adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes in the World Health Assembly in 1981. The code restricts direct advertising, inadequate labels, saleswomen dressed as nurses, and promotion of free samples. The Baby Food Action Network is reported to have released a report which states that baby food companies are still donating free supplies of infant formula to hospitals. The UNICEF position is that provision of free supplies is the most important disincentive to breast feeding. 81 governments adopted the guidelines, but 41 countries have hospitals which accept free samples. 28 of these 41 countries adopted the ban. The Nestle Company, which was cited 20 years age for this practice, won the legal battle and today defies the guidelines in 22 countries, including China, Zimbabwe, and Bangladesh. A US company, Mead Johnson, uses advertising on its label that shows Beatrice Potter's Peter Rabbit being bottle fed. The International Code restricts idealization of bottle feeding. Nutrician, a large conglomerate ownership of US and European infant formula companies, brazenly advertises in the Peruvian daily newspapers with photos of baby milk boxes being donated to hospitals. Dr. Derek Jelliffe, an infant nutritionist, is credited with being the first to publicize the dangers of commercialized malnutrition 21 years ago. PMID:12319575

  7. When Babies Scream: Why Babies Scream and What to Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2006-01-01

    When a baby screams, that is a signal that all is not well for the body of the baby, for her emotional well-being, and/or for the baby's relationship with the teacher. During the first year of life, infants learn that adults are in control of providing reassuring care. Adults will "make things better" when a baby's tummy feels horribly empty, when…

  8. Visiting your baby in the NICU

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an enclosed, see-through plastic crib called an incubator. This special crib will: Keep your baby warm. ... your baby’s skin through the openings of the incubator. As your baby grows and improves, you will ...

  9. [Babies with cranial deformity].

    PubMed

    Feijen, Michelle M W; Claessens, Edith A W M Habets; Dovens, Anke J Leenders; Vles, Johannes S; van der Hulst, Rene R W J

    2009-01-01

    Plagiocephaly was diagnosed in a baby aged 4 months and brachycephaly in a baby aged 5 months. Positional or deformational plagio- or brachycephaly is characterized by changes in shape and symmetry of the cranial vault. Treatment options are conservative and may include physiotherapy and helmet therapy. During the last two decades the incidence of positional plagiocephaly has increased in the Netherlands. This increase is due to the recommendation that babies be laid on their backs in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. We suggest the following: in cases of positional preference of the infant, referral to a physiotherapist is indicated. In cases of unacceptable deformity of the cranium at the age 5 months, moulding helmet therapy is a possible treatment option. PMID:19857299

  10. Mom and Baby Skin Care

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and baby skin care Mom and baby skin care Skin care concerns during and after pregnancy Melasma Also known ... chilled product can help alleviate the itch. Hair care concerns during and after pregnancy Excessive hair growth ...

  11. Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... talks with Maria? Protect your baby's teeth with fluoride Check and clean your baby's teeth Feed your ... dentist say?” asked Ann. “She told me that fluoride protects teeth. She also said to feed my ...

  12. Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... start! 1. Protect your baby’s teeth with fluoride. Fluoride (said like floor-eyed ) protects teeth from tooth decay. It can even heal early decay. Fluoride is in the drinking water of many towns ...

  13. Health Issues of Premature Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... because the lungs of preterm babies often lack surfactant, a liquid substance that allows the lungs to remain expanded. Treatment: Artificial surfactants can be used to treat these babies, along ...

  14. How Active Is Your Baby?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Effective and Safe, Study Finds Mom's Stress During Pregnancy Can Affect Baby's Iron Status Preventing and Treating Flat Head Syndrome in Babies Healthy Children Radio: Measles and Immunizations (Audio) Food Fights New Mother's Guide to Breastfeeding, ...

  15. Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

    2009-01-01

    With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

  16. Positioning your baby for breastfeeding

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Adjust your baby’s position if you need to. FOOTBALL HOLD Use the football hold if you had a C-section. This ... large breasts or flat nipples also like the football hold. Hold your baby like a football. Tuck ...

  17. The moulded baby syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Buxton

    2001-01-01

    In the moulded baby syndrome a generalized ‘skeletal skew’ occurs, as a result of intra-uterine pressure or postnatal positioning of the infant. Plagiocephaly, wry neck, scoliosis, pelvic obliquity and postural foot deformities may occur separately or together and resolve spontaneously by the age of 3. Pelvic obliquity gives rise to an alteration in the inclination of the legs with an

  18. Selecting the Perfect Baby

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Julia Omarzu

    2002-09-01

    This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter, Molly, was born with a rare genetic disorder. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes' hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby's u

  19. For Babies to Flourish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    Ideas for fine tuning the awareness and responsive interactions of teachers of infants and toddlers are offered. The ideas, which are supported by theory, research, and clinical experience, focus on the importance of: (1) tender, careful holding of babies; (2) prompt and accurate interpretation of the signals of distress; (3) development of keen…

  20. Dogs Over Babies

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-08-19

    wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

  1. Baby Powder Use in Infant Skin CareParental Knowledge and Determinants of Powder Usage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory F. Hayden; George T. Sproul

    1984-01-01

    One hundred parents of infants aged 2 weeks to 6 months were surveyed at the time of routine well-child visits to assess parental knowledge about baby powder and to determine whether hospital policy of providing a free powder sample to newly delivered mothers was unwittingly promoting powder usage. Most parents (69%) reported regular baby powder use as part of routine

  2. What to Do if Your Baby's Screening Reveals a Possible Hearing Problem

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the development of speech and language skills. Universal newborn hearing screening programs currently operate in every state ... hospitals and birthing centers throughout the country screen newborns for hearing loss. If you and your baby ...

  3. Aloof Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

    2014-09-29

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  4. Aloof baby Skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul

    2015-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  5. Whose Baby is That?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    chris worley

    2012-07-27

    This inquiry-based 5E lesson provides an initial look at categorizing items into 2 categories. Visuals of animals are used to begin the classifying/categorizing of animals and their babies. Students will practice categorizing in pairs and will be given the categories to use. They will then explain the placement of each item in the category. The teacher will ask guiding questions and facilitate the lesson to ensure comprehension of the material.

  6. Safe Baby university

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K Rosenthal; S J Smith; J Moss; R Schwenn; R Davis; L Cain-Martin

    2010-01-01

    PurposeUnsafe sleep is the number one killer of children from 1 month to 1 year of age. In Wayne County, infants are at high risk for death due to unsafe sleep. Detroit has the highest infant mortality in Michigan.MethodsSafe Baby university addresses the lack of knowledge that parents\\/caregivers have regarding unsafe sleep and other top causes of injury and death

  7. The Baby's First Breath

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nave, Rod

    This page of Hyperphysics, from Georgia State University, uses elasticity to explain why a baby needs help--like a smack on the bottom--to take its first breath and also why people with emphysema have so much difficulty exhaling. Another section explains why capillaries can be extremely thin, whereas large arteries must have strong, thick walls. A third section describes the physics of the aneurysm, a bulge in the walls of a larger artery.

  8. Having Healthy Babies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Association for the Advancement of Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science; )

    2003-01-01

    The Science Inside: Having Healthy BabiesThis booklet summarizes what health professionals know about healthy babies and mothers. It shows women how to avoid or reduce the health risks of pregnancy, provides information about the development of healthy infants and toddlers, and outlines the steps of pregnancy from conception to labor and delivery to postnatal care. Having Healthy Babies directs readers to more sources of information and to the latest scientific research.The Science Inside e-book series is intended to be a bridge between the consumer health brochure and the scientific paper, the booklets in this series focus on the science that is inside of, or behind, the disease its cause, its possible cure, its treatment, promising research, and so on. These booklets are designed to appeal to people who have not had the opportunity to study the science and to understand why they may have been given some of the advice that they have been given through some of the more consumer-oriented materials.

  9. Friendly Writing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-10-13

    At the start of this lesson, students will review the friendly letter format as the teacher reads I Wanna Iguana and I Wanna New Room by Karen Kaufman Orloff to the students. These books are told in a friendly letter format between the boy and his parents. With teacher modeling and support, students will then generate a topic and practice writing a friendly letter as a class. Next, students will apply the friendly letter format to create a writing piece in which they write to a reader of their choice on a topic they have chosen. Students will receive practice at editing their writing for proper conventions (independently, through peer review, and in teacher-student mini conferences). A graphic organizer, a letter writing frame, and a guide for revision are provided in the lesson. A closing activity has students writing a letter to their teacher asking for something they would like for their class.

  10. Friend Finder

    MedlinePLUS

    Friend Finder (Game) Email Embed Grab this Game :

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Grubin Productions

    2001-01-01

    In this feature, the user explorers how a baby's sense of sight develops. By dragging a slider bar to each of six different age markers, the user can see how the same image looks for babies as they get older. There is also a paragraph-long explanation of vision at each of the six ages shown: newborn, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months, and adult. These explanations reveal what a baby can and cannot see at each age. They also discuss how a baby's brain and eyes mature, providing improved focusing, color detection, and depth perception abilities. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  11. Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth

    MedlinePLUS

    ... What to Expect Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Kids' Health Issues: ... A Text Size Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth Operating on a baby before birth may seem ...

  12. De (baby) Sitter overlaps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benna, Marcus K.

    2013-02-01

    In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a (1+1)-dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

  13. Healthy Smile for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 4 to 6 months old, start giving him solid foods. Do not give your baby solid foods before he is ready. One way to ... m As your baby begins to eat more solid foods and drink from a cup, you can ...

  14. Growth and the Premature Baby

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Gibson; S. Carney; J. K. H. Wales

    2006-01-01

    There is considerable evidence to show that babies born prematurely have poor postnatal growth, and the more premature the baby, the greater the impairment is likely to be and the longer it will persist. Nutrition has been shown to play an important part in this, but adequate nutrition is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve in these infants. In the

  15. Breastfeeding status and marketing practices of baby food manufactured in nursing homes.

    PubMed

    Mathur, G P; Pandey, P K; Mathur, S; Mishra, V K; Singh, K; Bhatt, O P; Loomba, R K; Luthra, C; Taneja, S; Kapoor, R

    1993-11-01

    In January 1993 in Kanpur, India, a survey of 7 private nursing homes revealed that infant formula was given to most newborns (52.4%). The most common brands included Lactogen-I, Milk Care, Raptakos, Dexolac Special Care, and Lactodex. Staff at 5 nursing homes gave prelacteal feeds (water, glucose water, and infant formula) to newborns when they were separated from their mothers. Staff at only 2 nursing homes gave the newborn to the mother immediately after delivery. The longest period between delivery and giving the newborn to the mother was 24 hours. All but one of the nursing homes did not know about the government policy and the recent bill that bars free or low-cost infant formula supplies to hospitals. The administration of the nursing homes did not inform the procurement department, in writing, of the government policy. 4 nursing homes bought low-cost supplies of infant formula from the companies. The companies sold the infant formula to the nursing homes at a price 48.3% to 86.7% lower than the market price. Medical stores inside or outside the nursing homes sold the infant formula to parents at the other 3 homes. The nursing homes used, on average, 2-50 kg/month. Nestle (Lactogen-I) and Dalmia Industries (Milk Care) had a monopoly in infant formula in 4 and 3 nursing homes, respectively. Infant formula was in stock in 5 nursing homes. None of the nursing homes gave mothers free or low-cost infant formula at discharge. Lower than market price and increased number of calls to the hospitals and physicians by company personnel were marketing techniques used by the manufacturers to maintain market share. These results show that, despite government policy and the bill, hospitals continue to use infant formula. The government should use the mass media to increase awareness about its policy on infant foods and the concept of the Baby Friendly Hospital. PMID:8039859

  16. Working in collaboration to achieve UNICEF baby friendly accreditation.

    PubMed

    Leyland, Anne; Bond, Kathryn

    2014-01-01

    Effective training and education of health professionals is required to ensure that women receive the best education, support and advice to breastfeed (National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) 2006). In England it has been recommended that purchasing authorities should incorporate UNICEF standards into their commissioning plans (NICE 2006), thereby embedding the evidence into mainstream health and social services. Whilst many university programmes are underpinned with UNICEF standards, relatively few universities have achieved full accreditation in the UK (UNICEF 2009). PMID:25109073

  17. Brown Baby Reads

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-01-01

    Based in Chicago, Brown Baby Reads is a not-for-profit organization with a mission "to celebrate, encourage, and promote literacy in African-American children." On the website, visitors can learn about their initiatives and find out about age-appropriate books for children. In the "Database" area, visitors can peruse information on over 1,500 books that feature African American children as main characters and books written by African American authors. Visitors can also search the books by author, title, illustrator, age group, category, or themes. The site is rounded out by a number of links to free online resources from around the web related to reading, literacy, and cultural diversity.

    1. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      ,235 African American babies died from SIDS. In 2009, 665 African American babies died from SIDS. · In 1995, 77 from SIDS. · Despite these decreases, African American and American Indian/Alaska Native babies. Keep in mind that every sleep time counts. Room sharing--keeping your baby's sleep area in the same

    2. Your Premature Baby: Low Birthweight

      MedlinePLUS

      ... These checkups also help make sure that your child gets all the vaccinations she needs to stay protected from certain harmful diseases. Last reviewed October 2014 How old is my baby? Age can be based on ...

    3. Friends of Doernbecher Circle of Friends Newsletter

      E-print Network

      Chapman, Michael S.

      . Congratulations to the Douglas County Friends Chapter for hosting another wildly successful event. We can't wait for Children Friends Chapter is switching things up this year. They are taking a hiatus from their annual of the Friends materials and processes to see where we can make improvements to better serve Friends

    4. Taking Care of a Baby

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Science Netlinks

      2003-06-02

      In this Science NetLinks lesson, students are introduced to the basics of how a baby grows inside its mother until its birth. They then consider and discuss the birthing process. Then students are led into the third part of the lesson, which focuses on the early years of infancy. They are prompted to think about the kinds of basic needs infants have and the critical role adults play in ensuring a baby's healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development.

    5. A retrospective benefit-cost analysis of the 1997 stair-fall requirements for baby walkers

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Gregory B. Rodgers; Elizabeth W. Leland

      2008-01-01

      Based on estimates from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), there were about 25,000 baby walker-related injuries treated annually in U.S. hospital emergency departments during the early 1990s. This amounted to about 8 injuries for every 1000 baby walkers in use. Most injuries resulted from falls down stairs. After CPSC initiated a regulatory proceeding in 1994, the CPSC staff

    6. Easy plane baby skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Juha Jäykkä; Martin Speight

      2011-02-02

      The baby Skyrme model is studied with a novel choice of potential, $V=1/2 \\phi_3^2$. This "easy plane" potential vanishes at the equator of the target two-sphere. Hence, in contrast to previously studied cases, the boundary value of the field breaks the residual SO(2) internal symmetry of the model. Consequently, even the unit charge skyrmion has only discrete symmetry and consists of a bound state of two half lumps. A model of long-range inter-skyrmion forces is developed wherein a unit skyrmion is pictured as a single scalar dipole inducing a massless scalar field tangential to the vacuum manifold. This model has the interesting feature that the two-skyrmion interaction energy depends only on the average orientation of the dipoles relative to the line joining them. Its qualitative predictions are confirmed by numerical simulations. Global energy minimizers of charges B=1,...,14,18,32 are found numerically. Up to charge B=6, the minimizers have 2B half lumps positioned at the vertices of a regular 2B-gon. For charges B >= 7, rectangular or distorted rectangular arrays of 2B half lumps are preferred, as close to square as possible.

    7. Immunizations for Preterm Babies

      MedlinePLUS

      ... and Others Do Not? AAP Policy: Learn About School Nursing Services Delayed Pediatric Appendicitis Treatment Linked to Complications, and Even Death Study Finds Over 4,500 U.S. Children Hospitalized From Child Abuse in One Year, and 300 of Them Died ...

    8. Quantum entanglement of baby universes

      SciTech Connect

      Essman, Eric P.; Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

      2006-12-07

      We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

    9. Designer babies--why not?

      PubMed

      Evans, M

      2001-02-01

      Though many objections can be levelled against the idea of the practice of genetic intervention to produce 'designer babies', upon examination they are shown to hinge on features which concern parental intentions towards their children, rather than features specific to the means involved. These intentions may be pursued by a variety of social practices which may, though need not, involve a measure of 'traditional' genetic selection (i.e. in terms of the identity and characteristics of the reproducing partners). This paper reviews a number of these objections and, by parity of reasoning, rejects their claim to count specifically or decisively against genetic intervention in pursuit of 'designer babies'. Rejecting these objections does not lead to the endorsement of 'designing babies, but it shows that any unease must be grounded elsewhere and defended by other arguments. PMID:15586985

    10. Baby Solar System

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol

      2012-01-01

      What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

    11. How to Care for Your Baby's Teeth

      MedlinePLUS

      ... doctor before using teething gels. What about breastfeeding, bottles and sippy cups? Teething does not have to ... starts teething. If you give your baby a bottle, always hold the baby when you feed him ...

    12. Baffled by the Baby Bottle

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Michael A. Jeannot

      1999-01-01

      This case is based on an actual article entitled "Baby Alert" that appeared in Consumer Reports (May 1999). The article raises some concerns about the safety of polycarbonate baby bottles, and recommends that parents dispose of them as a precaution. However, the American Plastics Council and the Food and Drug Administration have raised concerns about the experimental methodology used as well as the recommendations made in this article. The case has been used to help develop students’ critical thinking skills in an introductory chemistry course for non-majors. It may be used to illustrate applications in polymer chemistry, quantitative chemical analysis, toxicology, endocrine disruption, and risk-benefit analysis.

    13. Your Baby Learns About Love From You Your baby learns about most things from

      E-print Network

      Johnson, Eric E.

      How do you want your child to feel about himself? Do you want your baby to grow up thinking he, especially about love. Babies, just as grown-ups, need love and attention. Rewarding your baby with a smile parents think they must set special times aside to play with or to teach their baby new things. That

    14. Value priorities and their relations with quality of life in the Baby Boomer generation of Lithuanian nurses: a cross-sectional survey

      PubMed Central

      Blazeviciene, Aurelija; Jakusovaite, Irayda

      2007-01-01

      Background The understanding of the values of nurses is especially important, since nurses constitute 80% of workforce in the healthcare system in Lithuania. In addition to that, nursing is one of the major constituents of healthcare. The aim of this study was to determine what values predominate in the cohort of Baby Boomer nurses, and to evaluate the relation of these values with quality of life using M. Rokeach's terminal and instrumental values scale. M.Rokeach distinguished terminal values (such as world peace, wisdom, and happiness), which are preferred end-states of existence, and instrumental values (such as responsibility and cooperation), which are preferred modes of conduct. Methods We performed a representative anonymous questionnaire-based inquiry of nurses working in regional hospitals of Lithuania. The nurses who participated in the study were distributed into four work cohorts: the Veterans, the Baby Boomers, the Generation Xers, and the Generation Nexters. The majority of the nurses belonged to the Baby Boomers and the Generation Xers cohorts. Since in Lithuania, like in the whole Europe, the representatives of the Baby Boomers generation are predominating among working people, we selected this cohort (N = 387) for the analysis. The survey data was processed using the SPSS statistical software package Results The main values in life were family security, tranquility, and a sense of accomplishment. However, such values as true friendship, equality, and pleasurable and leisured life were seen as rather insignificant. The most important instrumental values were honesty, skillfulness, and responsibility. Our study showed a statistically significant (albeit weak) correlation between the QOL and terminal values such as the sense of accomplishment, tranquility, equality, and pleasure, as well as the instrumental value – obedience. We detected a statistically significant relationship between good QOL and satisfaction with oneself, relationships with the surrounding people, and friends' support. Conclusion The findings of our study showed that, although Lithuania was under a totalitarian regime for 50 years, both the terminal and the instrumental values of the Baby Boomers generation are very similar to those of the same generation in other countries. PMID:17996067

    15. "Babies Grow a Long Time": A Preschool Project about Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Harrison, Andromahi

      2012-01-01

      This article describes a project related to babies undertaken by preschoolers in a university-affiliated child care center in the Midwest. Following a description of the class, the author discusses the three phases of the project. Photographs taken during the project are included throughout the article. The article concludes with the author's…

    16. Do Babies Matter (Part II)? Closing the Baby Gap

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mason, Mary Ann; Goulden, Marc

      2004-01-01

      Even though women make up nearly half of the PhD population, they are not advancing at the same rate as men to the upper ranks of the professoriate; many are dropping out of the race. Our first "Do Babies Matter?" article, published in the November-December 2002 issue of Academe, examined the effect of family formation on academic careers. It was…

    17. Can Pacifiers and Baby Bottles Ruin My Baby's Teeth?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... If baby teeth are removed or lost early, other teeth can move into the space that's left. This can cause the adult teeth to come in crowded or crooked. As with adult teeth, dental infections can become life-threatening if left untreated. Preventing Decay Decay can ...

    18. Changing School Demographics: The New Baby Boom.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lake, Sara

      This paper addresses the demographic and socioeconomic effects on schools of the "new baby boom," consisting of school-age children of the original "baby boomers." The effects of this second-generation demographic trend include a higher proportion of minority students (since the decline in marriage and birth rates among baby boomers reaching…

    19. Your Baby's Development: The First Trimester

      MedlinePLUS

      ... This sac is filled with amniotic fluid, and forms inside your uterus to surround and protect your baby. Some of the highlights of your baby’s development during the embryonic stage include: Nervous system. This is one of the first things to develop during the embryonic stage. This means ...

    20. Shaken Baby Syndrome. The Arc Q & A.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Palmer, Susan

      This fact sheet uses a question-and-answer format to summarize what is known about shaken baby syndrome, brain damage resulting from forceful shaking of an infant or young child. Questions and answers address the following topics: what shaken baby syndrome is and other names for the condition; the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome; the incidence…

    1. A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

      E-print Network

      Bandettini, Peter A.

      your baby to bed with a bottle. 5. Take your child to the dentist by age 1. #12;"When do you have teeth!" said Hope. "Yes, but the dentist said there are things I can do to keep my baby from getting teeth," said Mary. #12;"The dentist said to clean my baby's teeth as soon as they come in." "What else

    2. Babies, Toddlers and the Media.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

      2001-01-01

      "Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

    3. Care of the Migrant Baby.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

      Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

    4. Drug Affected Babies: A Bibliography.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Portland Public Schools, OR. Dept. of Research, Evaluation, and Testing.

      This 42-item annotated bibliography, represents a comprehensive effort to gather information on the educational problems of infant children of substance-abusing parents. Extensive searches were conducted in databases in the fields of education, medicine, social sciences, and the humanities. In particular, studies on the problems of "crack babies

    5. Brain Tumor in Newborn Babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Akira Takaku; Namio Kodama; Hiroo Ohara; Shigeaki Hori

      1978-01-01

      5 cases of brain tumor in newborn babies under 2 months are presented. 4 of them were supratentorial teratoma and originated from the midline, and 1 was a glioma at the cerebellopontine angle. 2 cases died before surgery and 2 cases after surgery. In our 5th case a benign teratoma of 150 g was removed from the third ventricle. He

    6. PKU (Phenylketonuria) in Your Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... and other dairy products Eggs Meat and poultry Fish Nuts Beans Food or drinks that contain aspartame. This is an artificial sweetener that has lots of phenylalanine in it. It’s sold as NutraSweet® and Equal®. PKU meal plans are different for each baby and can ...

    7. Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

      2010-01-01

      Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

    8. Hospital Web site 'tops' in Louisiana. Hospital PR, marketing group cites East Jefferson General Hospital.

      PubMed

      Rees, Tom

      2002-01-01

      East Jefferson General Hospital in Metairie, La., launched a new Web site in October 2001. Its user-friendly home page offers links to hospital services, medical staff, and employer information. Its jobline is a powerful tool for recruitment. The site was awarded the 2002 Pelican Award for Best Consumer Web site by the Louisiana Society for Hospital Public Relations & Marketing. PMID:12238238

    9. Limitations of child injury data from the CPSC's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System: the case of baby walker related data.

      PubMed Central

      Weiss, H. B.

      1996-01-01

      OBJECTIVES: The US Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) is a primary source for children's consumer product injury surveillance data in the US. Differing interpretations of the emergency department based NEISS baby walker data by various parties prompted this detailed examination, reclassification, and analysis of the NEISS data to explain these discrepancies. METHODS: Case selection was performed by searching the NEISS 1982-91 database for the baby walker product code and various text strings for children less than 24 months old. False negative and false positive cases were identified and reclassified. Adjusted population rates were computed and the types and locations of hospitals contributing to the sample were examined. RESULTS: One per cent false positive and 4% false negative misclassification rates were observed. In 1991, two children's hospitals reported 14% of the baby walker related injuries, though these hospitals made up just 2% of the sample frame. Through random allocation, one state currently contains four acute care hospitals and the only two children's hospitals reporting to the NEISS system. These six hospitals contributed 18% of the walker cases whereas the state represents only 3% of the US infant population. CONCLUSIONS: Misclassification in NEISS baby walker reports is minimal, with false negatives outweighing false positives. For trend analysis of product related injuries at the frequency of occurrence observed for baby walkers, NEISS suffers from low sensitivity due to sampling error. For children's injuries, NEISS' estimates have been affected by children's hospitals coming in and out of the sample and currently reflects a random geographic imbalance because one state contributes both of the reporting children's hospitals. To overcome these problems improved multiple product coding, a unique baby walker code, and stratification of children's hospitals in an enlarged NEISS sample is recommended. PMID:9346058

    10. ["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].

      PubMed

      Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C

      2005-10-01

      Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD. PMID:16139550

    11. Baby universes in string theory

      SciTech Connect

      Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

      2006-03-15

      We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

    12. Hospitality Management Hospitality Management

      E-print Network

      McConnell, Terry

      Hospitality Management Hospitality Management Norm Faiola, Chair, 315-443-1710 Lyman Hall Faculty PROGRAM The Department of Hospitality Management requires a diversity of skills from many disciplines of the global hospitality industry. Academic Offerings HOSPITALITY AND FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT MINOR HOSPITALITY

    13. Planning for the baby boomers' healthcare needs: a case study.

      PubMed

      Albert, Terri C; Johnson, Edward; Gasperino, Daniel; Tokatli, Pinar

      2003-01-01

      Will the impact of baby boomers, as they age, be a bonanza or a bust for the healthcare system? A range of perspectives prevail, from increasing in-patient admissions capacity to accommodate the sheer numbers, to the creation of a variety of healthcare services and delivery channels that address their unique requirements. This case study presents a top 100, regional hospital's approach to this dilemma. The strategic marketing process using segmentation, targeting, and positioning (STP) was employed to guide the administration's planning and decision making. PMID:15683020

    14. Baby P: déjà vu or distinctive?

      PubMed

      de Braal, Bernice

      2009-01-01

      As in the case of Victoria Climbié, the case of Baby P triggered national outrage and widespread reforms to the child protection system in England. But the Baby P case is unique in several key ways. The context and differentiating elements of the Baby P case are explored, as is the public, political and media reaction, the use of new technologies, the main recommendations of the Laming report that followed it, and the role played by New Labour. PMID:20120878

    15. Helping Friends and Family

      MedlinePLUS

      ... chapter Join our online community Helping Friends and Family Part of living well with Alzheimerâ??s is adjusting to your â??new normalâ? and helping family and friends do the same. Knowing what to ...

    16. Methadone as a chemical weapon: two fatal cases involving babies.

      PubMed

      Kintz, Pascal; Villain, Marion; Dumestre-Toulet, Véronique; Capolaghi, Bernard; Cirimele, Vincent

      2005-12-01

      Methadone is largely used for the substitution management of opiate-dependent individuals but can also be easily found on the black market. The first cases involving repetitive sedation linked to the use of methadone and subsequent death of 2 babies are reported. At the autopsy, no particular morphologic changes were noted except for pulmonary and visceral congestion. There was no evidence of violence, and the pathologist in both cases found no needle marks. Toxicological analyses, as achieved by GC/MS, demonstrated both recent and repetitive methadone exposure. In case 1, a 14-month-old girl was found dead at home. Blood concentrations were 1071 and 148 ng/mL for methadone and EDDP, respectively. Hair (6 cm) tested positive at 1.91 and 0.82 ng/mg for methadone and EDDP, respectively. In case 2, a 5-month-old girl was taken to hospital in a pediatric unit for coma. Antemortem blood analysis demonstrated methadone exposure (142 ng/mL), and the baby was declared dead 12 days after admission. Hair analysis (5 cm) by segmentation was positive for methadone in the range 1.0 (root) to 21.3 ng/mg (end). The death of the babies was attributed to accidental asphyxia ina situation where methadone was considered as a chemical weapon. The mothers, who were the perpetrators in both cases, did not deny the use of methadone as a sedative drug. PMID:16404812

    17. Baby powder use in infant skin care. Parental knowledge and determinants of powder usage.

      PubMed

      Hayden, G F; Sproul, G T

      1984-03-01

      One hundred parents of infants aged 2 weeks to 6 months were surveyed at the time of routine well-child visits to assess parental knowledge about baby powder and to determine whether hospital policy of providing a free powder sample to newly delivered mothers was unwittingly promoting powder usage. Most parents (69%) reported regular baby powder use as part of routine infant skin care. Powder-users were significantly more likely than nonusers to attribute to baby powder the ability to kill bacteria and yeast and to prevent diaper rash (p less than 0.01). Even among nonusers, fewer than half were aware that aspiration/ingestion of baby powder was a potential health hazard. Almost all parents reported receiving a free sample of baby powder while in the hospital as part of a complimentary gift pack provided by the manufacturers. Most powder-users were currently using a brand they had received as a sample, and eight parents cited the receipt of a sample as the major determinant for selecting a particular brand of powder. The short- and long-term effects of distributing sample packs to newly delivered parents deserve further study. PMID:6697622

    18. Talk With Baby: A Guide for Parents.

      E-print Network

      Anonymous

      1984-01-01

      TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take... care of them If you ta I k to baby he will learn to make sounds When baby coos and blows bubbles he is learning to talk You he I p if you make soft sounds back at him When baby talks to y make the sounds he makes Talk back to him Call...

    19. Listening to the Baby: Evaluating a Baby Book Journal for New Parents

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Lee SmithBattle; Shawn Pohlman; Jennifer L. Broeder

      2004-01-01

      Browsing the parenting section of any bookstore reveals a wide variety ofcommercially available baby books. In spite of their popularity, the baby book format has rarely been used to develop materials that support the transition to parenting. This article describes the development of a baby book for this purpose, the phenomenological scholarship and research findings that shaped its design, and

    20. Baby hands that move to the rhythm of language: hearing babies acquiring sign languages babble

      E-print Network

      Malfait, Nicole

      Baby hands that move to the rhythm of language: hearing babies acquiring sign languages babble: "speech-exposed") and a rare group of three hearing babies acquiring sign language only, not speech (group and the capacity to use them. q 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Sign language; Babbling

    1. FIRST FRIENDS STUDENT APPLICATION

      E-print Network

      Bordenstein, Seth

      FIRST FRIENDS STUDENT APPLICATION INTERNATIONAL STUDENT & SCHOLAR SERVICES STUDENT INFORMATION & Scholar Services (ISSS), First Friends is a friendship exchange, not a host/live-in program. Please partner matches as best possible. Students will be notified of their First Friend match before the MATCH

    2. Maternal satisfaction with organized perinatal care in Serbian public hospitals

      PubMed Central

      2014-01-01

      Background Understanding the experiences and expectations of women across the continuum of antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal care is important to assess the quality of maternal care and to determine problematic areas which could be improved. The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with maternal satisfaction with hospital-based perinatal care in Serbia. Methods Our survey was conducted from January 2009 to January 2010 using a 28-item, self-administered questionnaire. The sample consisted of 50% of women who expected childbirths during the study period from all 76 public institutions with obstetric departments in Serbia. The following three composite outcome variables were constructed: satisfaction with technical and professional aspects of care; communication and interpersonal aspects of care; and environmental factors. Results We analyzed 34,431 completed questionnaires (84.2% of the study sample). The highest and lowest average satisfaction scores (4.43 and 3.25, respectively) referred to the overall participation of midwives during delivery and the quality of food served in the hospital, respectively. Younger mothers and multiparas were less concerned with the environmental conditions (OR?=?0.55, p?=?0.006; OR?=?1.82, p?=?0.004). Final model indicated that mothers informed of patients’ rights, pregnancy and delivery through the Maternal Counseling Service were more likely to be satisfied with all three outcome variables. The highest value of the Pearson’s coefficient of correlation was between the overall satisfaction score and satisfaction with communication and interpersonal aspects of care. Conclusions Our study illuminated the importance of interpersonal aspects of care and education for maternal satisfaction. Improvement of the environmental conditions in hospitals, the WHO program, Baby-friendly Hospital, and above all providing all pregnant women with antenatal education, are recommendations which would more strongly affect the perceptions of quality and satisfaction with perinatal care in Serbian public hospitals by women. PMID:24410839

    3. Baby Fae: a beastly business.

      PubMed Central

      Kushner, T; Belliotti, R

      1985-01-01

      The Baby Fae experiment has highlighted the growing trend in medicine of using animal parts in the treatment of humans. This paper raises the question of the logical and moral justification for these current practices and their proposed expansion. We argue that the Cognitive Capacity Principle establishes morally justified necessary and sufficient conditions for the use of non-human animals in medical treatments and research. Some alternative sources for medical uses are explored as well as some possible programmes for their implementation. PMID:4078855

    4. Parents' experiences of their premature infants' transportation from a university hospital NICU to the NICU at two local hospitals.

      PubMed

      Granrud, Marie Dahlen; Ludvigsen, Elin; Andershed, Birgitta

      2014-01-01

      The aim of this study was to describe how the parents of premature infants experience the transportation of their baby from the neonatal intensive care unit at a university hospital (NICU-U) to such a unit at a local hospital (NICU-L). This descriptive qualitative study comprises interviews with nine sets of parents and two mothers. The qualitative content analysis resulted in one theme: living in uncertainty about whether the baby will survive, and three categories: being distanced from the baby; fearing that something would happen to the baby during transportation; and experiencing closeness to the baby. The results also revealed that the parents experienced developmental, situational and health-illness transitions. PMID:24582644

    5. New hospitals may resemble malls.

      PubMed

      Borzo, G

      1992-11-01

      Hospital designers and planners are adopting several features of the ubiquitous retail shopping mall to create a new model for a user-friendly, market-driven health care facility. Also, they are building and renovating hospitals in stages, which allows maximum flexibility in adapting to increasingly rapid changes in reimbursement patterns, clinical priorities and patient demand. PMID:10121980

    6. Welcoming a New Baby into Your Family

      MedlinePLUS

      ... but it can be tiring, too. You might love the baby right from the start. But it's also OK if you miss the way things were before the baby came. If you feel left out or need some attention, tell your mom or dad. Also be sure ...

    7. Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

      2011-01-01

      The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

    8. Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2004-01-01

      Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

    9. Baby Foods: Formulations and Interactions (A Review)

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Ali Nasirpour; Joël Scher; Stéphane Desobry

      2006-01-01

      Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage some reactions and interactions occur which change physicochemical and nutritional

    10. Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Baird, Stephen L.

      2007-01-01

      "Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

    11. Baby Doll: The Success of Scandal

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Barton Palmer

      Baby Doll hit America's cinemas with a resounding bang in 1956, and while not the financial and critical success that A Streetcar Named Desire had been some six years before, the film proved without a doubt to be the most sensational of Hollywood's adaptations of Tennessee Williams's works. In fact, Baby Doll is quite likely the most sensational (we should

    12. The Friends of Aberdeen University Library FriendsFriendsSpring/Summer 2004

      E-print Network

      Levi, Ran

      1 Friends The Friends of Aberdeen University Library T he FriendsFriendsSpring/Summer 2004, who is, of course, also the FriendsHonorary Secretary, will be delivering a presentation on the theme University Library building at Garthdee! You will remember that the Friends, together with the University

    13. Women and Infants Services The History of Women and Infant's Services

      E-print Network

      Squire, Larry R.

      . UC San Diego Health System became a "Baby Friendly" designated hospital in 2006 and we recently Hidden Treasure We've Come a Long Way, Baby! A Baby Friendly Hospital ISCC Vertical Evacuation The Spin births per month and women routinely went to the oR for the birth of their babies? Now we typically see

    14. Identifying Babies with Hearing Loss

      MedlinePLUS

      ... are screened and receive recommended follow-up through data collection and outreach to hospitals, providers, and families. To ... providers of hearing screening results, 4) improvements in data collection and state and territorial EHDI tracking and surveillance ...

    15. 76 FR 37055 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-06-24

      ...Information Collection; Importation of Baby Squash and Baby Courgettes From Zambia AGENCY...regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. DATES...regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia,...

    16. 76 FR 81467 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-28

      ...Information Collection; Importation of Baby Corn and Baby Carrots From Zambia AGENCY: Animal...regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. DATES...regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia,...

    17. Discussion on design of baby changing station in public place

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Lufang Zhang; Jiansong Luo; Ming Wu

      2009-01-01

      With the widely using of baby changing station in the public place, its usability is considered greatly important. It is necessary to give convenience in the behavior of nursing for both baby and adult. Through analyzing baby's psychological characteristics in the adult's nursing behavior, the main features of using baby changing station are researched and analyzed. At last some key

    18. Friends' Discovery Camp

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Seymour, Seth

      2008-01-01

      This article features Friends' Discovery Camp, a program that allows children with and without autism spectrum disorder to learn and play together. In Friends' Discovery Camp, campers take part in sensory-rich experiences, ranging from hands-on activities and performing arts to science experiments and stories teaching social skills. Now in its 7th…

    19. Preparing Your Family for a New Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... for a new sibling include Look at picture books about a new baby . At the very least, ... he starts asking about mom's growing "stomach." Picture books for preschoolers can be very helpful. So can ...

    20. Your Baby's Development: The Second Trimester

      MedlinePLUS

      ... can't see anything until the third trimester. Fingerprints and footprints are well established by the middle ... appear on the hands first, then the feet. Fingerprints improve the baby's grip. Fine hair and a ...

    1. How mothers keep their babies warm.

      PubMed

      Bacon, C J; Bell, S A; Clulow, E E; Beattie, A B

      1991-05-01

      Details of room temperature, clothing, and bedding used by night and by day and in winter and in summer were recorded for 649 babies aged 8 to 26 weeks. Room temperature at night was significantly related to outside temperature and duration of heating. Total insulation was significantly related to outside temperature and to minimum room temperature, but there was wide variation in insulation at the same room temperature. High levels of insulation for a given room temperature were found particularly at night and in winter, and were associated with the use of thick or doubled duvets and with swaddling. At least half the babies threw off some or all of their bedding at night, and at least a quarter sweated. Younger mothers and mothers in the lower social groups put more bedclothes over their babies, and the latter also kept their rooms warmer. Many mothers kept their babies warmer during infections. PMID:2039255

    2. When Your Teen Is Having a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... younger teens, keep the news of their pregnancies secret because they fear the anger and disappointment of ... the baby's father, and some rely on their families for support. As a parent, you need to ...

    3. Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Surviving Stillbirth Time to Say Goodbye Autopsies Funerals & Memorials Going Home Coping with Grief Where do I ... a Baby Time to Say Goodbye Autopsies Funerals & Memorials Going Home Coping with Grief Where do I ...

    4. A minority report: teaching fathers baby massage.

      PubMed

      Mackereth, Peter A

      2003-08-01

      Infant or baby massage has emerged in the recent decade as an activity promoted by health care professionals, popular with parents and the subject of a growing body of research evidence (Complement. Ther. Nurs. Midwifery 2 (1996) 151; 3 & 8 Tough Ther. 2000). This paper reports on the experience of establishing and facilitating baby massage training. There is a focus in the discussion on teaching fathers, as only one male parent attended the classes over a 6-month period. Recommendations are made in the conclusion, identifying possible ways of promoting fathers involvement in babies massage. The paper, with its images of a father engaged in baby massage, is intended to add to the current limited amount of literature available on this subject. PMID:12852931

    5. When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect

      MedlinePLUS

      ... as heart defects, cleft lip and palate, or cerebral palsy, you may find yourself having to serve as ... Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome Spina Bifida Birth Defects Down Syndrome ...

    6. Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... of hemoglobin) from the other parent. Hemoglobin S-beta thalassemia. This condition is caused when a baby gets ... one parent and a gene change for beta thalassemia from the other parent. How do you know ...

    7. Surrogate Motherhood II: Reflections after "Baby M."

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Schwartz, Lita Linzer

      1988-01-01

      Discusses the "Baby M" surrogate motherhood case which has produced heated debate in popular media, legal publications, and other professional journals. Summarizes arguments offered and reasoning behind actions of judiciary. (Author/ABL)

    8. Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early

      MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

      ... TV Share Compartir Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early. Source: National Center on Birth Defects and ... in Indian Country Release Date: 11/03/2014 Ebola and Contract Tracing Release Date: 9/16/2014 ...

    9. Will Stress during Pregnancy Affect My Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Clinical Trials Resources and Publications En Español Will stress during pregnancy affect my baby? Skip sharing on ... health care provider during your prenatal visits. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Pregnancy PTSD is a more ...

    10. Disposable baby wipes: efficacy and skin mildness.

      PubMed

      Odio, M; Streicher-Scott, J; Hansen, R C

      2001-04-01

      The results of a series of four clinical studies demonstrated that disposable baby wipes were milder to the skin than use of a cotton washcloth and water, recognized as a "gold standard" for skin mildness. Importantly, the baby wipes caused no significant change from the baseline value in any of the skin parameters examined. This observation verified that the test wipes are minimally disruptive to the epidermal barrier and thus suitable for use on intact or compromised, irritated skin. PMID:11917305

    11. Clinical practices in the hospital care of healthy newborn infant in Brazil.

      PubMed

      Moreira, Maria Elisabeth Lopes; da Gama, Silvana Granado Nogueira; Pereira, Ana Paula Esteves; da Silva, Antonio Augusto Moura; Lansky, Sônia; de Souza Pinheiro, Rossiclei; de Carvalho Gonçalves, Annelise; do Carmo Leal, Maria

      2014-08-01

      The aim of this study was to evaluate the care of healthy full-term newborns and to identify variations in childbirth care and practices in the first hour of life. We used data from the Birth in Brazil survey. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio (OR) of hospital-delivered care for the mother and during childbirth were estimated for the following outcomes: upper airways and gastric aspiration, use of inhaled oxygen, use of incubator, skin-to-skin contact after birth, rooming-in and breastfeeding in the delivery room and within the first hour of life. We observed wide variations in the care of healthy full-term newborn in the delivery room. Practices considered inadequate, such as use of inhaled oxygen, (9.5%) aspiration of airways (71.1%) and gastric suctioning (39.7%), and the use of incubator (8.8%) were excessively used. Breastfeeding in the delivery room was low (16%), even when the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative had been implemented (24%). The results suggest poor knowledge and compliance by health practitioners to good clinical practice. Such noncompliance was probably not due to the differences in resources, since most births take place in hospitals where the necessary resources are available. PMID:25167172

    12. Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard University

      Cancer.gov

      Brigham and Women's Hospital has established a multidisciplinary team in consortium with industry, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to address prostate cancer, the most common malignancy and third leading cause of cancer-related mortality in American men. Due to the ageing "baby boomers", the number of men with localized prostate cancer will increase, as will the need for an accurate non-invasive imaging tool. Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging has the ability to deliver precise anatomical mapping of tumor.

    13. How Post-Traumatic Stress Affects Mothers' Perceptions of Their Babies: A Brief Video Feedback Intervention Makes a Difference

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Schechter, Daniel S.

      2004-01-01

      This article summarizes the scant existing research on the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on mothers and their babies during the peripartum period and describes a pilot research project within the Infant-Family Service (IFS) at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital, an outpatient mental health service for inner-city families with…

    14. Spillovers of Medicare Policies on Non-Medicare Patients: The Case of Critical Access Hospitals

      E-print Network

      Mateo, Jill M.

      explore the e¤ect of hospital con- versions on neonatal mortality of babies delivered by mothers residing all births. The results suggest an increase of 6 percent in neonatal mortality for high-risk babies covered by other payers. Understanding these spillovers is particularly important in designing Medicare

    15. 1 | P a g e FACT SHEET: UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital San Francisco

      E-print Network

      Klein, Ophir

      ,000 kids each year and 130 hospitalized babies and children each day. · 300 is the only California state-designated children's medical center in San Francisco on a baby in the womb and remain the undisputed leaders worldwide in the field

    16. When Your Client's Baby Dies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Deborah E. Rich

      1999-01-01

      Although pregnancy loss is not an uncommon occurrence, most therapists are unprepared to help clients who experience this loss. This article provides a therapist starter kit including: (1) current hospital standards of practice and services, (2) time lines for common grief reactions, (3) considering a subsequent pregnancy, (4) predictors for grief outcomes, (5) theories about the damage and recovery from

    17. Low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age babies in Scotland, 1981-1984

      Microsoft Academic Search

      S de Sanjose; E Roman

      1991-01-01

      STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to examine the effect of maternal age, gravidity, marital status, previous perinatal deaths, and parental social class on babies born low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age. DESIGN--The study used data on discharge summaries from all maternity hospitals in Scotland. SETTING--The study was based on all singleton deliveries in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS--The analysis involved information on

    18. Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pizer, Ginger; Walters, Keith; Meier, Richard P.

      2007-01-01

      This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of "baby signing" in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. Baby signing fits neatly into the parenting ideologies prevalent in the professional class in the United States that value early…

    19. Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

      2012-01-01

      We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate "Babies,"…

    20. Fathers & Babies: How Babies Grow and What They Need from You, from Birth to 18 Months.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Marzollo, Jean

      This book provides fathers with specific developmental theory and practical skills and advice concerning how babies grow and what they need from fathers from the time they are born until they turn 18 months. Each chapter provides information and theory on age appropriate play activities and specific information on a baby's growth and developmental…

    1. How to Help Your Family Member or Friend Be an Alcohol-Free Mother-to-Be

      MedlinePLUS

      ... r t n e r s / HTB.01.04_Fe DHHS Publication No. (SMA)-3978 Printed 2004 PHD1085 ... your family member or friend HTB.01.04_Fe 12/13/04 11:45 AM Page 1 ... about having a healthy baby. HTB.01.04_Fe 12/13/04 11:45 AM Page 2

    2. Dudley and Friends

      MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

      ... Street Activity Sheets For Preteens Healthy Habits Nutrition Be a Dentist For Educators Career Resources Presentations and Resources Smile Smarts Dental Health Curriculum Watch Videos Dudley and Friends Sesame Street Ad Council MouthHealthy Kids > Watch Videos > ...

    3. Helping Your Bereaved Friend

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Help find convenient and affordable lodging, or make arrangements with neighbors or friends to offer spare bedrooms. ... need to take a break. Help with funeral arrangements. At the time of death, families are tempted ...

    4. Risk Assessment of Baby Powder Exposure through Inhalation.

      PubMed

      Moon, Min Chaul; Park, Jung Duck; Choi, Byung Soon; Park, So Young; Kim, Dong Won; Chung, Yong Hyun; Hisanaga, Naomi; Yu, Il Je

      2011-09-01

      This study was conducted to assess the exposure risk through inhalation to baby powder for babies and adults under simulated conditions. Baby powder was applied to a baby doll and the amount of baby powder consumed per application was estimated. The airborne exposure to baby powder during application was then evaluated by sampling the airborne baby powder near the breathing zones of both the baby doll and the person applying the powder (the applicator). The average amount of baby powder consumed was 100 mg/application, and the average exposure concentration of airborne baby powder for the applicator and baby doll was 0.00527 mg/m(3) (range 0.00157~0.01579 mg/m(3)) and 0.02207 mg/m(3) (range 0.00780~ 0.04173 mg/m(3)), respectively. When compared with the Occupational Exposure Limit of 2 mg/m(3) set by the Korean Ministry of Labor and the Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 2 mg/m(3) set by the ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists), the exposure concentrations were much lower. Next, the exposure to asbestos-containing baby powder was estimated and the exposure risk was assessed based on the lung asbestos contents in normal humans. As a result, the estimated lung asbestos content resulting from exposure to asbestos-containing baby powder was found to be much lower than that of a normal Korean with no asbestos-related occupational history. PMID:24278563

    5. BabySQUID: A mobile, high-resolution multichannel magnetoencephalography system for neonatal brain assessment

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Okada, Yoshio; Pratt, Kevin; Atwood, Christopher; Mascarenas, Anthony; Reineman, Richard; Nurminen, Jussi; Paulson, Douglas

      2006-02-01

      We developed a prototype of a mobile, high-resolution, multichannel magnetoencephalography (MEG) system, called babySQUID, for assessing brain functions in newborns and infants. Unlike electroencephalography, MEG signals are not distorted by the scalp or the fontanels and sutures in the skull. Thus, brain activity can be measured and localized with MEG as if the sensors were above an exposed brain. The babySQUID is housed in a moveable cart small enough to be transported from one room to another. To assess brain functions, one places the baby on the bed of the cart and the head on its headrest with MEG sensors just below. The sensor array consists of 76 first-order axial gradiometers, each with a pickup coil diameter of 6mm and a baseline of 30mm, in a high-density array with a spacing of 12-14mm center-to-center. The pickup coils are 6±1mm below the outer surface of the headrest. The short gap provides unprecedented sensitivity since the scalp and skull are thin (as little as 3-4mm altogether) in babies. In an electromagnetically unshielded room in a hospital, the field sensitivity at 1kHz was ˜17fT/?Hz. The noise was reduced from ˜400to200fT/?Hz at 1Hz using a reference cancellation technique and further to ˜40fT/?Hz using a gradient common mode rejection technique. Although the residual environmental magnetic noise interfered with the operation of the babySQUID, the instrument functioned sufficiently well to detect spontaneous brain signals from babies with a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of as much as 7.6:1. In a magnetically shielded room, the field sensitivity was 17fT/?Hz at 20Hz and 30fT/?Hz at 1Hz without implementation of reference or gradient cancellation. The sensitivity was sufficiently high to detect spontaneous brain activity from a 7month old baby with a SNR as much as 40:1 and evoked somatosensory responses with a 50Hz bandwidth after as little as four averages. We expect that both the noise and the sensor gap can be reduced further by approximately half with a gain in SNR of about four. Thus, we conclude from the performance of the prototype that it should be feasible to improve the babySQUID to detect cortical activity in infants in real time with high spatial resolution.

    6. Affordable luxury resort residences for the Baby Boomers

      E-print Network

      Boyer, Mark Valdez

      2005-01-01

      The purpose of this thesis is to determine the business viability of Oasis Destination Club, the first destination club designed entirely for the upper middle income baby boomer. The baby boomer generation is the largest ...

    7. Facilitators and barriers to cotrimoxazole and nevirapine prophylaxis among HIV exposed babies: a qualitative study from Harare, Zimbabwe

      PubMed Central

      Sibanda, E; Weller, I; Bernays, S; Hakim, J; Cowan, F

      2012-01-01

      Implementation of cotrimoxazole prophylaxis (CTX-p) among HIV-exposed children is poor in southern Africa. We conducted a multi-methods study to investigate the barriers to delivery of CTX-p to HIV exposed infants in Zimbabwe at each step of the care cascade. Here we report findings of the qualitative component designed to investigate issues related to adherence conducted among women identified as HIV positive whose babies were started on CTX-p postnatally. Between Feb–Dec 2011, the first 19 HIV infected mothers identified were invited for in-depth interview 4–5 months postnatally. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated and analysed thematically. Of note, Zimbabwe also provides nevirapine prophylaxis for HIV-exposed babies, so the majority were giving nevirapine and CTX-p to their babies. All women desired their baby's health above all else, and were determined to do all they could to ensure their wellbeing. They did not report problems remembering to give drugs. The baby's apparent good health was a huge motivator for continued adherence. Testimonies from women whose babies had tested HIV negative strengthened the resolve to adhere. However, most women reported that their husbands were less engaged in HIV care, refusing to be HIV tested and in some cases stealing drugs prescribed for their wives for themselves. In two instances the man stopped the woman from giving CTX-p to the baby either because of fear of side effects or not appreciating its importance: “he said if I kept giving CTX-p he would take the baby away from me and give him to his mother.” Stigma continues to be an important issue. Mothers reported being reluctant to disclose their HIV status to other people so found it difficult to collect prescription refills from the HIV clinic for fear of being seen by friends/relatives. Some women reported that it was hard to administer the drugs if there were people around at home. Other challenges faced were stock-outs of CTX-p at the clinic, which occurred four times during the study. The baby would then go without CTX-p if the woman could not afford buying at a private pharmacy. The study highlights that adherence knowledge and desire alone is insufficient to overcome the familial and structural barriers to maintaining CTX-p. Improving adherence to CTX-p among HIV exposed infants will require interventions to improve male involvement, reduce HIV stigma at facilities and ensure adequate supply of drugs.

    8. Infants & Toddlers: How Babies Use Gestures to Communicate

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2004-01-01

      Evolution has provided babies with wonderful ways to get the loving attention and care that they need from adults. When a baby is distressed, his cry is the most primitive and powerful tool for bringing help. By the time a baby is 2 or 3 months old, his dazzling smile and crooked grin evokes tenderness, smiles, and nurturance from adults who are…

    9. Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster U. Meierfrankenfeld and S. Shpectorov September 6, 2002 Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two largest

    10. Generalized Moonshine for the Baby Monster Gerald Hohn

      E-print Network

      Hoehn, Gerald

      Generalized Moonshine for the Baby Monster Gerald Hohn #3; May 2003 Abstract Nortons generalized Moonshine conjecture for the case related to the Baby Monster is proven. The main steps of the proof are the construction of the Baby Monster Lie algebra with the help of a vertex algebra, the use of the BRST

    11. Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two

    12. Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin

      Microsoft Academic Search

      M. Laffoy; P. Fitzpatrick; M. Jordan; D. Dowdall

      1995-01-01

      OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The

    13. Cognitive Development Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because

      E-print Network

      Hill, Wendell T.

      fitting babies as young as 3 months old with Velcro "sticky mittens" designed by Amy NeedhamCognitive Development in Infants Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because. In particular, Woodward probes how babies view other people. Human beings constantly infer other people's mental

    14. Infant & Toddlers: How to Calm an Exuberant Baby

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2006-01-01

      It is important to understand that babies differ in temperament. Some are sensationally exuberant and loud. Others are more withdrawn and quiet. Babies also differ in tempo and style. Some eat with gusto. Others deliberately scoop a bit of cooked cereal onto a spoon and slowly munch on their food. Helping a baby learn to modulate voice tones means…

    15. When Babies Spit Up, Don't Panic

      MedlinePLUS

      ... contents from coming back up -- is not fully functional in babies, she explained. "Babies typically outgrow spitting up by 6 months. This is when the stomach muscles and the flap that keeps food in the stomach matures. Also, when babies start ...

    16. Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

      Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

    17. The Birth of a Breastfeeding Baby and Mother

      PubMed Central

      Lothian, Judith A.

      2005-01-01

      In this column, the author describes the way in which the normal, natural process of labor and birth prepares both mother and baby for breastfeeding. Birth practices including induced labor, routine interventions, epidural analgesia, and separation of mother and baby disrupt the process of early breastfeeding for mother and baby. Normal, natural birth sets the stage for uncomplicated breastfeeding. PMID:17273421

    18. Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

      2012-01-01

      Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being infused…

    19. Healthy birth practice #3: bring a loved one, friend, or doula for continuous support.

      PubMed

      Green, Jeanne; Hotelling, Barbara A

      2014-01-01

      All women should be allowed and encouraged to bring a loved one, friend, or doula to their birth without financial or cultural barriers. Continuous labor support offers benefits to mothers and their babies with no known harm. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the "Lamaze International Care Practices that Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #3: Continuous Labor Support," published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411539

    20. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

    1. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

    2. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

    3. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

    4. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ...inspections. (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter...

    5. Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester

      MedlinePLUS

      ... after birth. The fat also fills the extra space under the skin, making the skin less wrinkled. Other highlights of the third trimester By the end of the trimester, your baby has eyelashes and eyebrows and may have a full head of hair. Or, he or she may be ...

    6. The Optimum Thermal Environment for Naked Babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      E. N. Hey; G. Katz

      1970-01-01

      The optimum thermal environment in which to nurse a baby naked in an incubator has been defined from a knowledge of the magnitude of the factors affecting thermal balance.Such a neutral environment allows body temperature to remain normal while oxygen consumption and evaporative water loss are both at a minimum.

    7. Healthy Native Babies Project Workbook and Toolkit

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) NatioNal iNstitutes of HealtH U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH of SIDS Education 28 Who are the primary audiences? 28 A Critical Primary Audience: Child Care AND HUMAN SERVICES Healthy Native Babies Project Workgroup Developed with the Native American

    8. There's a Baby in My Stomach!

      E-print Network

      Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

      2006-11-22

      . The badges--which come in pink and blue--read "There's a baby in my stomach" and are designed to let other riders know when a woman is pregnant . One might well conclude that, if your average Japanese cannot spot an expectant mother a mile off, it might just...

    9. Evaluation of products for treating babies' napkins.

      PubMed Central

      Gaya, H.; Thirlwall, J.; Shaw, E. J.; Hassam, Z.

      1979-01-01

      A test is described for assessing the sanitizing effect of napkin treatment products on naturally urine-wetted and faecally-contaminated napkins. This test defines in-use conditions which closely resemble typical domestic situations. One napkin treatment product ('Napisan'), tested at two different concentrations and with challenges of different numbers of babies' napkins, performed satisfactorily under the conditions used. PMID:448064

    10. Baby Birds for Sale Bird Shipping

      E-print Network

      McGraw, Kevin J.

      Home My ACCOUNT Nursery Baby Birds for Sale Bird Shipping Health Guarantee Reserve Deposits & Pymts Cages Clothing Designer Bags DNA Sexing FlightSuits & Leashes Food / Supplements Gift Items Jewelry behind the colors of parrots, describing on a molecular level what is responsible for their bright red

    11. Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's

      MedlinePLUS

      ... giving your little one a pacifier. In fact, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) now recommends giving babies ... And just when parents think that sleeping through the night seems like a far-off dream, things start to get a little easier. At ...

    12. The Baby Boom--Entering Midlife.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bouvier, Leon F.; De Vita, Carol J.

      1991-01-01

      The U.S. baby-boom generation, born between 1946 and 1964, is the largest generation in the nations's history. Numbering over 80 million people in 1990, this giant generation has indelibly changed U.S. society, requiring adjustments in schools, labor markets, housing markets, and government programs. Perhaps more than any other institution,…

    13. Baby Bell Libraries?--An Update.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kessler, Jack

      1993-01-01

      Discusses the emerging three-tiered structure (i.e., the "Baby Bells," network nodes, and information marketers) that will assume responsibility for implementing a new national information network and getting networked information to the public. The role of libraries related to networked information is also considered. (EA)

    14. Baby Boomers' Attitudes towards Product Placements

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Nicole M. Schmoll; John Hafer; Michael Hilt; Hugh Reilly

      2006-01-01

      Including branded products within mass media programming is becoming common. Previous research has focused almost entirely on college-age students' attitudes about placements in movies and television. This research focuses on Baby Boomers and is the first to include questions about multiple media in forming attitudes towards product placements. Six hypotheses were tested. Attitude toward product placement is related to media

    15. Babies and Bath Water: Two Experiential Heresies.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Wichmann, Theodore F.

      1980-01-01

      Claiming that as educators have developed alternatives to traditional education they have also thrown out the babies of cultural insight with the bathwater of educational bureaucracy, this paper explores two heresies--the "learning by doing" and "reforming by doing" heresies--that limit and may ultimately threaten the Experiential Education…

    16. Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

      2012-01-01

      Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

    17. Got Diabetes? Thinking about Having a Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... too low. What you eat, how much you exercise, and your growing baby will change your blood sugar many times during the day. • Check your blood ... to adjust what you eat; how much you exercise; and, if prescribed, how much insulin to take ... Control and treat low blood sugar quickly ...

    18. Babies Bottom Out--A 'Maybe Boom'

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Science News, 1977

      1977-01-01

      Data for the period September 1976 through April 1977 indicate a rise in the United States birth rate; however, the rate is still below the replacement level. It is speculated that the increase is an "echo" effect to the post-World War II baby boom which peaked in 1957. (SL)

    19. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. It has no bumpers, pillows

    20. With Babies and Banners: Illustrated Historical Booklet.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Goldfarb, Lyn; Gray, Lorraine

      Background reading materials are provided in this booklet developed to be used in conjunction with the award winning color documentary film "With Babies and Banners." The film records the role that the women of Flint, Michigan, played in the great General Motors sit-down strike of 1937. The readings are suitable for college audiences and for…

    1. Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers. Commentary

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Fishman, Seth

      2011-01-01

      In the article, "Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers", Moltz highlights how community colleges are currently implementing programs, such as the American Association of Community Colleges' Plus 50 Completion strategy, to encourage older learners to return to America's college campuses. The effects of the recent recession and the educational desires…

    2. Born Too Soon: Care for the preterm baby

      PubMed Central

      2013-01-01

      As part of a supplement entitled "Born Too Soon", this paper focuses on care of the preterm newborn. An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications of preterm birth, and around one million more where preterm birth is a risk factor, especially amongst those who are also growth restricted. Most premature babies (>80%) are between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and many die needlessly for lack of simple care. We outline a series of packages of care that build on essential care for every newborn comprising support for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, thermal care, and hygienic cord and skin care. For babies who do not breathe at birth, rapid neonatal resuscitation is crucial. Extra care for small babies, including Kangaroo Mother Care, and feeding support, can halve mortality in babies weighing <2000 g. Case management of newborns with signs of infection, safe oxygen management and supportive care for those with respiratory complications, and care for those with significant jaundice are all critical, and are especially dependent on competent nursing care. Neonatal intensive care units in high income settings are de-intensifying care, for example increasing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and this makes comprehensive preterm care more transferable. For health systems in low and middle income settings with increasing facility births, district hospitals are the key frontier for improving obstetric and neonatal care, and some large scale programmes now include specific newborn care strategies. However there are still around 50 million births outside facilities, hence home visits for mothers and newborns, as well as women's groups are crucial for reaching these families, often the poorest. A fundamental challenge is improving programmatic tracking data for coverage and quality, and measuring disability-free survival. The power of parent's voices has been important in high-income countries in bringing attention to preterm newborns, but is still missing from the most affected countries. Declaration This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). The original article was published in PDF format in the WHO Report "Born Too Soon: the global action report on preterm birth" (ISBN 978 92 4 150343 30), which involved collaboration from more than 50 organizations. The article has been reformatted for journal publication and has undergone peer review according to Reproductive Health's standard process for supplements and may feature some variations in content when compared to the original report. This co-publication makes the article available to the community in a full-text format. PMID:24625233

    3. Mathematical Friends and Relations

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Tomalin, Jo

      2012-01-01

      The Institute of Mathematical pedagogy meets annually--the theme for 2010 was: "Mathematical Friends & Relations: Recognising Structural Relationships". Here one participant documents her reflections on the experience of working with a group of mathematics educators at the Institute. The challenges, the responses--both the predictable and the…

    4. Friend or Foe?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Listen Friend or Foe? Article Body Help your child navigate his social world by equipping him with the skills he ... To encourage healthy relationships, create opportunities for your child to play with kids who you think have a positive influence on her. Set up play dates at your ...

    5. Neighborhoods Louisiana-Friendly

      E-print Network

      Neighborhoods Louisiana Yards & A Guide to Louisiana-Friendly Landscaping #12;Contributors Owings, Dale Pollet, Don Reed, Rene Schmit, Jay Stevens, and Ron Strahan. The Louisiana Yards & Neighborhoods program is a partnership of the Louisiana State University Agricultural Center (LSU Ag

    6. ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY BIOBASED LUBRICANTS

      Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

      The search for environmentally friendly materials that have the potential to substitute for mineral oil in various industrial applications is currently being considered a top priority research topic in the fuel and energy sector. This emphasis is largely due to the rapid depletion of world fossil f...

    7. Recommend to a Friend?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cunningham, Jennifer Lynham

      2012-01-01

      New York's Cornell University spends millions of dollars and thousands of staff and volunteer hours to produce more than 1,400 events around the world each year. That's one event every six hours. Is it worth it? Do the 40,000 alumni, parents, and friends who attend feel closer to Cornell after these events? Do they disengage because Cornell didn't…

    8. “Dinner with Friends”

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Michael Sabatino

      2012-06-26

      The students will determine what can be ordered at a dinner that they are taking their friends to with the given budget they have. The students will be trying to maximize their budgets and order as much food as they possibly can with their given amount of money.

    9. Cyber Friendly Fire

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Frank L. Greitzer; Thomas E. Carroll; Adam D. Roberts

      2011-01-01

      Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF

    10. Nonverbal Communication in "Friends"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Chang, Yanrong

      2006-01-01

      This activity uses video clips from a popular sitcom, "Friends," to help students grasp the relational, rule-governed, and culture-specific nature of nonverbal communication. It opens students' eyes to nonverbal behaviors that are happening on a daily basis so that they not only master the knowledge but are able to apply it. While other popular…

    11. Letter from the Friends Chairman

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Tom Harkin of Iowa (left) and FNLM Chairman Paul Rogers converse at a recent Friends function at ... can write us at the address below. Sincerely, Paul G. Rogers Chairman Friends of the National Library ...

    12. FIRST FRIENDS AMERICAN PARTNER APPLICATION

      E-print Network

      Bordenstein, Seth

      FIRST FRIENDS AMERICAN PARTNER APPLICATION INTERNATIONAL STUDENT & SCHOLAR SERVICES PARTNER Student & Scholar Services (ISSS), First Friends is a friendship exchange, not a host/live-in program as possible. Partners will be notified of their First Friend match before the MATCHDAYPICNICon Sunday

    13. Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)

      PubMed Central

      2010-01-01

      Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981

    14. UCSF Betty Irene Moore Women's Hospital On February 1, 2015, one of the nation's premier medical centers

      E-print Network

      Derisi, Joseph

      's Hospital is designed to treat the whole woman, not just her symptoms, with compassion, innovation imbalances. Exceptional Features: · Onsite helipad to transport pregnant women, babies and children

    15. Compare Hospitals

      MedlinePLUS

      2014 Leapfrog Hospital Survey Results Now Available Thank you for visiting the Leapfrog Hospital Survey Results Website. These results are based on surveys submitted by hospitals across the country that have demonstrated a commitment ...

    16. Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?

      PubMed Central

      Bronfin, Daniel R.

      2001-01-01

      A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21765737

    17. The Simmel effect and babies’ names

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Krawczyk, M. J.; Dydejczyk, A.; Ku?akowski, K.

      2014-02-01

      Simulations of the Simmel effect are performed for agents in a scale-free social network. The social hierarchy of an agent is determined by the degree of his/her node. Particular features, once selected by a highly connected agent, become common in lower classes but soon fall out of fashion and become extinct. Numerical results reflect the dynamics of frequency of American babies’ names in 1880-2011.

    18. Telephone provides "instant friend".

      PubMed

      Aguilar, R

      1993-10-01

      The operation and function of the Dial A Friend program in Manila, Philippines, is described. The program aims to provide a friend to talk to about your problems. For the neophyte counselor, there is the reward of knowing you have been able to help someone and the confidence boost of being able to have a positive impact. For the caller, there is help for questions ranging from relationships with families or boy and girl friends, anxieties, to contraception. All calls are anonymous, and may originate from pay phones or homes when parents are away. Conversations may never have occurred between best friends. Confidentiality is assures, particularly from families. The assurance of privacy creates an atmosphere that encourages trust and a comfortable rapport. There can be no ridicule when identity is protected. A major emphasis is on promotion of pregnancy prevention, and on understanding the consequences of pregnancy. There is referral to those already pregnant, and encouragement to tell parents of the situation. Abortion is still illegal in the Philippines, and not recommended as a solution. An AIDS hotline is the referral for sexually transmitted diseases. Callers find that having someone listening to the problems creates a friendship and sense of not being along or of having an abnormal problem. A nonjudgemental manner is used and appreciated by callers. Most of the callers are females (7 out of 10) aged 13-19 years old. Calls come from students in Manila or even from other provinces. The program is advertised in the schools through lectures and in the city by artist's promotions on television, radio, and printed media. There are return calls thanking Dial A Fried for making a difference in their lives. PMID:12287150

    19. Facebook friends\\/fiends

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Glen Seidel

      2009-01-01

      Just when everyone was becoming comfortable with the pit-falls of email and the Internet along came social networking sites such as MySpace, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter to keep schools in a constant state of anxiety. Teachers are rapidly discovering that etherspace is a jungle where common sense is their only protection and not everyone on Facebook is their friend. Anything

    20. In the NICU: Your Family and Friends

      MedlinePLUS

      ... in the NICU? It depends on your baby's health overall. Some newborn intensive care units (NICUs) will encourage you to hold your baby from birth onward. Other NICUs will want you to wait until your baby's health is stable. Ask your NICU staff about its ...

    1. Jupiter - Friend or Foe?

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Horner, J.; Jones, B. W.

      2008-09-01

      It has long been believed that the planet Jupiter has played a beneficial role in the development of life on the Earth, acting as a shield from objects which would otherwise go on to significantly raise the impact flux experienced by our planet. Without Jupiter, the story goes, the Earth would have experienced a far greater number of impacts, making it far less hospitable to burgeoning life. In an on-going series of separate studies[1,2], we have examined the effects of varying the mass of Jupiter on the impact flux that the Earth would experience from Near-Earth Objects sourced from the Asteroid belt, short-period comets sourced from the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, and long-period comets sourced from the Oort cloud. The results are remarkable - it seems that, far from being a shield, Jupiter actually acts to increase the impact flux experienced by the Earth over that which would be expected without the planet. Still more surprising, in the cases of the asteroids and Edgeworth-Kuiper belt objects, it seems that a Jupiter around 0.2 times the mass of "our Jupiter" would be even more threatening, sending a still greater number of objects our way. In order to simulate such disparate populations, different approaches to population construction were needed. The asteroidal and short-period comet populations each contained 100,000 test particles, moving on orbits typical of their class. The asteroids were initially distributed between 2 and 4 AU, with orbits of varying eccentricity and inclination, with number density varying as a function of semi-major axis. The short-period cometary flux was obtained through simulation of a population based on the subset of known Centaurs and Scattered Disk Objects which are Neptune-crossing, and have perihelia beyond the orbit of Uranus. These objects are the parents of the short-period comets, and were chosen since they are a population beyond the current influence of the planet Jupiter. Since our goal was to study the effect of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux at the Earth from the two populations, we followed our 100,000 particle populations for 10 million years, under the influence of the giant planets. Each particle was followed until it either hit something, or was ejected from the system. In this manner, we were able to follow the flux of objects onto the Earth as a function of time. The simulations were repeated over a wide range of Jupiter masses, with all other variables being held constant, allowing us to observe the variations in impact flux as a function of Jovian mass. In the cases of the asteroids and the short-period comets, Jupiter was observed to significantly modify the impact flux which would be experienced by the planet Earth. It was immediately obvious, however, that the old idea that Jupiter shields us from impacts no longer holds. For both of these populations, the lowest impact rates were experienced when the Jupiter-like planet in the system had the lowest mass, rose rapidly to a peak flux at around 0.2 Jupiter masses, before falling away more slowly. Therefore, for the asteroids and short-period comets, it seems that our Jupiter does offer some shielding, when compared to the case where the planet has a mass of around 0.2 MJ, but, compared to the scenario where no Jupiter is present at all (or the Jupiter in question has very low mass), Jupiter actually acts to increase the Earth-bound flux. Simulations are currently underway with the goal of analysing the effects of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux from the long-period comets (deflected inward towards the Earth from the Oort cloud). Further into the future, we intend to study the effects of Jovian position of the impact flux, with the goal of answering, once and for all, the question - "Jupiter - Friend or Foe?".

    2. A qualitative study exploring midwives' perceptions and views of extending their role to the examination of the newborn baby

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Catherine Rogers; Linda Bloomfield; Joy Townsend

      2003-01-01

      Objectives: to explore midwives' attitudes and perceptions about extending their role to the examination of the newborn baby, as well as their general perceptions and attitudes to new role developments.Design: qualitative, data collected using semi-structured interviews, which were exploratory and interactive in form.Setting: six maternity hospitals in South-east England.Participants: ten midwives were purposively selected, including five trained in the examination

    3. What midwives need to know about baby massage.

      PubMed

      MacDonald, Cheryl

      2012-09-01

      Baby massage has become increasingly popular in the West among parents and healthcare practitioners alike, with numerous studies continuing to hail the benefits of taking time to massage and bond with your baby. Newborn and infant massage is of particular interest to midwives in their primary role, helping families to bond and heal the pain of traumatic births, but now many midwives are offering baby massage sessions privately in their spare time also. Here's the low down. PMID:23082398

    4. Hemoperitoneum in advanced abdominal pregnancy with a live baby: a case report

      PubMed Central

      2014-01-01

      Background Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition which is usually missed during prenatal assessment particularly in settings lacking routine ultrasound surveillance. We report a case of abdominal pregnancy at 32 weeks, which is most likely to have been a tubal abortion with secondary implantation, leading to delivery of a healthy baby girl weighing 1.7 kg. Case presentation A 22-year-old woman, gravid 3 para 2 was referred to our centre from a district hospital with complaint of generalized abdominal pain and reduced fetal movements. Although the initial abdomino-pelvic ultrasound done at our centre was read as normal, there was subsequently a strong clinical suspicion of abdominal pregnancy, which was confirmed by a second ultrasound. The patient underwent laparotomy and was found to have an intact uterus with a viable fetus floating in the abdominal cavity without its amniotic sac and with hemoperitoneum of 1litre. The baby was extracted successfully; the placenta was found to be deeply implanted on the right cornual side extending to the fundus superiorly. Wedge resection of the cornual area and fundus was performed to remove the placenta. Intraoperatively, one unit of blood was transfused due to severe anemia prior to surgery. Both the mother and the baby were discharged home in good condition. Conclusion Abdominal pregnancy can be missed prenatally even when an imaging (ultrasound) facility is available. Emphasis should be placed on clinical assessment and thorough evaluation of patients. PMID:24564927

    5. Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women

      E-print Network

      Carrington, Emily

      Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema (``Kindchen- schema'') as a set of infantile physical features, regardless of kinship. caregiving functional MRI social cognition infant accumbens Ethologist Konrad Lorenz

    6. Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Languages Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - Traditional (????) French (français) Hindi (??????) Japanese (???) Korean (???) Russian ( ... Bilingual PDF Chinese Community Health Resource Center French (français) Choosing a Doctor for Your Baby Choisir un ...

    7. The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies

      PubMed Central

      Carpenter, R

      1999-01-01

      AIM—To obtain a prevalence rate and determine the distribution of accidental bruising in babies.?METHODS—177 babies aged 6-12 months were examined naked to look for bruises. They were seen in health visitor hearing test clinics and child health surveillance clinics. The site, size, shape, and colour of bruises were recorded on a skin map, and the parent's explanation noted. Any other injury was recorded. Data collection included the baby's age, mobility and weight, demographic details, and health visitor concerns.?RESULTS—Twenty two babies had bruises, giving a prevalence rate of 12%. There was a total of 32 bruises, 15 babies had one bruise. All bruises were found on the front of the body and were located over bony prominences. Twenty five of the bruises were on the face and head, and seven were on the shin. The babies with bruises on the shin were mobile. There was a highly significant increase in bruises with increase in mobility.?CONCLUSIONS—The study has produced a prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies and sets a baseline from which to work when assessing bruises. It also tested out the methodology, which could be used in further research, particularly of younger babies. Clinicians need to assess a baby's level of development when considering whether a bruise is accidental.?? PMID:10086945

    8. Perceptions of Baby Talk, Frequency of Receiving Baby Talk, and Self-Esteem Among Community and Nursing Home Residents

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Brian P. O’Connor; Holly Rigby

      1996-01-01

      Community-living seniors (n = 113) and nursing home residents (n = 43) provided their impressions of baby-talk and neutral-talk scenarios and completed measures of functional health, need for succorance, and self-esteem. Two orthogonal dimensions were found in perceptions of baby talk: Warmth and Superiority. The personality trait of need for succorance was consistently associated with perceptions of warmth in baby

    9. THE UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT HEALTH CENTER JOHN DEMPSEY HOSPITAL

      E-print Network

      Oliver, Douglas L.

      THE UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT HEALTH CENTER JOHN DEMPSEY HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL SECTION a capability to provide "good" care to the baby once the abduction occurs. The maternal/newborn units at JDH to protocol "Safety and Security of Newborns" in the NICU/NBN/OB-GYN/MFICU Unit Practice Manual.) However

    10. A retrospective benefit-cost analysis of the 1997 stair-fall requirements for baby walkers.

      PubMed

      Rodgers, Gregory B; Leland, Elizabeth W

      2008-01-01

      Based on estimates from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), there were about 25,000 baby walker-related injuries treated annually in U.S. hospital emergency departments during the early 1990s. This amounted to about 8 injuries for every 1000 baby walkers in use. Most injuries resulted from falls down stairs. After CPSC initiated a regulatory proceeding in 1994, the CPSC staff worked with industry to address the stair-fall hazard. This cooperative effort resulted in requirements designed to prevent stair-fall injuries that became effective in 1997 as part of a revised voluntary safety standard. This study presents a retrospective benefit-cost analysis of the 1997 stair-fall requirements. The benefits were defined as the reduction in the costs of injuries resulting from the use of the safer walkers. The costs were defined as the additional resource costs associated with making baby walkers safer. The study found that the stair-fall requirements were highly effective in reducing the risk of stair-fall injury, and that the benefits of the requirements substantially exceeded the costs. The expected net benefits (i.e., benefits minus costs) amounted to an average of about $169 per walker, over the walker's expected product life. Given current U.S. sales of about 600,000 baby walkers annually, the present value of the expected net benefits associated with 1 year's production amounts to over $100 million annually. A sensitivity analysis showed that the major findings were robust with respect to variations in underlying assumptions. PMID:18215533

    11. Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Guadalupe Ortega; Cristina Castellà; Carlos Martín-Cantera; Jose L Ballvé; Estela Díaz; Marc Saez; Juan Lozano; Lourdes Rofes; Concepció Morera; Antònia Barceló; Carmen Cabezas; Jose A Pascual; Raúl Pérez-Ortuño; Esteve Saltó; Araceli Valverde; Mireia Jané

      2010-01-01

      BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to

    12. Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... f InteliHealth Medical Content 2011-08-14 Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby If you decide to have the baby, you should take care of yourself and your growing baby. There's a ...

    13. Network-Friendly Gossiping

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Serbu, Sabina; Rivière, Étienne; Felber, Pascal

      The emergence of large-scale distributed applications based on many-to-many communication models, e.g., broadcast and decentralized group communication, has an important impact on the underlying layers, notably the Internet routing infrastructure. To make an effective use of network resources, protocols should both limit the stress (amount of messages) on each infrastructure entity like routers and links, and balance as much as possible the load in the network. Most protocols use application-level metrics such as delays to improve efficiency of content dissemination or routing, but the extend to which such application-centric optimizations help reduce and balance the load imposed to the infrastructure is unclear. In this paper, we elaborate on the design of such network-friendly protocols and associated metrics. More specifically, we investigate random-based gossip dissemination. We propose and evaluate different ways of making this representative protocol network-friendly while keeping its desirable properties (robustness and low delays). Simulations of the proposed methods using synthetic and real network topologies convey and compare their abilities to reduce and balance the load while keeping good performance.

    14. Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.

      2014-05-01

      In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

    15. Inspecting Baby Skyrmions with Effective Metrics

      E-print Network

      Gary Gibbons; Erico Goulart

      2014-03-21

      In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks and Hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globaly hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

    16. Friendly social robot that understands human's friendly relationships

      E-print Network

      Kanda, Takayuki

      , a robot system can estimate a human's subjective evaluation of the robot by observing his/her body-attention mechanism [7]. In these systems, the robots identify humans' intentions from their behaviors. FurthermoreFriendly social robot that understands human's friendly relationships Takayuki Kanda 1 , Rumi Sato

    17. Friends with Benefits: Women Want "Friends", Men Want "Benefits"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      McGinty, Kristen; Knox, David; Zusman, Marty E.

      2007-01-01

      One-hundred-and-seventy undergraduates at a large southeastern university completed a confidential anonymous 23 item questionnaire designed to assess the prevalence, attitudes, and sex differences of involvement in a "friends with benefits" (FWB) relationship (non romantic friends who also have a sexual relationship). Almost sixty percent of both…

    18. Old friends, new friends: predictors of children's perspective on their friends at school.

      PubMed

      Dunn, Judy; Cutting, Alexandra L; Fisher, Naomi

      2002-01-01

      Predictors of 5-year-old kindergartners' insights into their friends, and their accounts of liking and conflict with their friends were investigated, with a focus on both the children's and their friends' social understanding during the preschool period, and the quality of their preschool friendships. Seventy children initially studied at 4 years utilizing social cognition tasks and observations of dyadic play with their friends were followed over the transition to school; at school they were interviewed about their friendships and their social understanding was assessed. One group had remained close to their preschool friends, whereas a second group had formed new friendships. Social understanding, language abilities, and prosocial characteristics of both the children and preschool friends, their successful communication and shared pretend play experiences during the preschool period, and their mothers' educational level were related to their perspectives on their current school friends. Liking of current friends was linked to relationship history and maternal educational level for both those with old and with new friends, whereas insight was related to assessments of social cognition. PMID:11949912

    19. Born in Bradford, a cohort study of babies born in Bradford, and their parents: Protocol for the recruitment phase

      PubMed Central

      Raynor, Pauline

      2008-01-01

      Background Bradford, one of the most deprived cities in the United Kingdom, has a wide range of public health problems associated with socioeconomic deprivation, including an infant mortality rate almost double that for England and Wales. Infant mortality is highest for babies of Pakistani origin, who comprise almost half the babies born in Bradford. The Born in Bradford cohort study aims to examine environmental, psychological and genetic factors that impact on health and development perinatally, during childhood and subsequent adult life, and those that influence their parents' health and wellbeing. This protocol outlines methods for the recruitment phase of the study. Methods Most Bradford women attend for antenatal care and give birth at the Bradford Royal Infirmary, which has approximately 5,800 births per year. Women are eligible for recruitment if they plan to give birth here. Babies born from March 2007 are eligible to participate, recruitment is planned to continue until 2010. Fathers of babies recruited are invited to participate. Women are usually recruited when they attend for a routine oral glucose tolerance test at 26–28 weeks gestation. Recruitment of babies is at birth. Fathers are recruited whenever possible during the antenatal period, or soon after the birth. The aim is to recruit 10,000 women, their babies, and the babies' fathers. At recruitment women have blood samples taken, are interviewed to complete a semi-structured questionnaire, weighed, and have height, arm circumference and triceps skinfold measured. Umbilical cord blood is collected at birth. Within two weeks of birth babies have their head, arm and abdominal circumference measured, along with subscapular and triceps skinfold thickness. Fathers self-complete a questionnaire at recruitment, have height and weight measured, and provide a saliva sample. Participants are allocated a unique study number. NHS numbers will be used to facilitate record linkage and access to routine data. A wide range of hospital and community sources is being accessed to provide data for the women and children. Data are checked for accuracy and consistency. Conclusion Born in Bradford will increase understanding of the factors that contribute to health and wellbeing, and identify factors that influence differences in them between people of Pakistani and European origin. PMID:18811926

    20. Baby-Shiatsu – eine energetische Ergänzung zur osteopathischen Behandlung

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Karin Kalbantner-Wernicke; Thomas Wernicke

      2010-01-01

      Baby-Shiatsu is gaining acceptance as a supplementary treatment by more and more Osteopaths. We can contribute this to the fact that structural work combines ideally with traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine which is concerned with energetic development.The basis of Baby Shiatsu is the model of energetic development [1, 2] which theorizes that the energy lines of the body called meridians

    1. Babies Look and Learn: A Guide for Parents.

      E-print Network

      Anonymous,

      1979-01-01

      , College Station, Texas 8-1232 Give baby things to look at to help him learn Hang a toy where baby can see it To make a hanging toy Crush bright colored paper into a ball Sew a thread through it Hang it from a stick or clot hes hanger Lay...

    2. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents.

      E-print Network

      Anonymous,

      1979-01-01

      touching you Hold him close to your body. Stroke his cheek Rub his body when you : bathe him. ~dby needs things he can grasp Things he can hold Things he can drop Babies learn by tasting Give babies toys that are safe They will put them...

    3. Teenagers and Their Babies: A Perinatal Home Visitor's Guide

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

      2008-01-01

      "Teenagers and Their Babies" is a self-study and preparation guide for paraprofessional home-based visitors to engage expectant and new parents in an exploration of their baby's development and their expectations for parenthood. The guide includes service interventions--strategies, techniques, and activities--for home visitors and doulas to use…

    4. Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... also: Inducing labor , C-section: Medical reasons , Vaginal birth after cesarean , Infographic: Healthy babies are worth the wait Signs of preterm ... and if there are special religious or cultural practices you want to have ... baby is born. Fill out a birth plan with your partner. Then share it with ...

    5. Baby Boom Caregivers: Care in the Age of Individualization

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Guberman, Nancy; Lavoie, Jean-Pierre; Blein, Laure; Olazabal, Ignace

      2012-01-01

      Purpose: Many Baby Boomers are faced with the care of aging parents, as well as that of disabled or ill spouses or children. This study examines how Baby Boomers in Quebec, Canada, perceive and play their role as caregivers and how this might differ from their parents' generation. Design and methods: This was a qualitative and empirical study…

    6. Baby Boom Equals Career Bust. Monographs on Career Education.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Moore, Charles Guy

      Presenting the Baby Boom (1946-1965) as both a potential social problem and opportunity for American leadership, this monograph discusses the following aspects of this population concern: (1) its immediate and long-term impact on career opportunities for those college graduates who make up the baby boom generation; (2) its impact on those whose…

    7. Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

      2011-01-01

      Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

    8. Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cunningham, DiAnne H.

      2009-01-01

      Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

    9. Certain Genes in Babies May Up Preterm Birth Risk

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Preidt Monday, February 2, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Genes and Gene Therapy Premature Babies MONDAY, Feb. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- ... HealthDay . All rights reserved. More Health News on: Genes and Gene Therapy Premature Babies Recent Health News Page last updated ...

    10. The Effects of Baby Sign Training on Child Development

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda; Rodriguez, Sarai

      2014-01-01

      Although Baby Sign is gaining in popularity, there is a scarcity of research supporting its use. The research that has been conducted is conflicting. In the current study, nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years and five months participated in a baby sign workshop. A pre--post-test design was used to assess the…

    11. Massage Changes Babies' Body, Brain and Behavior

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ishikawa, Chihiro; Shiga, Takashi

      Tactile stimulation is an important factor in mother-infant interactions. Many studies on both human and animals have shown that tactile stimulation during the neonatal period has various beneficial effects in the subsequent growth of the body and brain. In particular, massage is often applied to preterm human babies as “touch care”, because tactile stimulation together with kinesthetic stimulation increases body weight, which is accompanied by behavioral development and the changes of endocrine and neural conditions. Among them, the elevation of insulin-like growth factor-1, catecholamine, and vagus nerve activity may underlie the body weight gain. Apart from the body weight gain, tactile stimulation has various effects on the nervous system and endocrine system. For example, it has been reported that tactile stimulation on human and animal babies activates parasympathetic nervous systems, while suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalcortical (HPA) axis, which may be related to the reduction of emotionality, anxiety-like behavior, and pain sensitivity. In addition, animal experiments have shown that tactile stimulation improves learning and memory. Facilitation of the neuronal activity and the morphological changes including the hippocampal synapse may underlie the improvement of the learning and memory. In conclusion, it has been strongly suggested that tactile stimulation in early life has beneficial effects on body, brain structure and function, which are maintained throughout life.

    12. Japan's baby bust: an economic issue?

      PubMed

      1998-09-01

      This brief article articulates that the solution to the declining birthrate in Japan is to change the corporate culture and societal values and begin putting the family first. At the present rate of fertility decline, Japan could well have just over 67 million total population in another 100 years, which is 50% of the present total. In 1990, the Finance Minister tried to convince Japanese couples to have more babies by abandoning policies that led women to higher education. The implication is that women would then want to stay at home and have babies. The prosperity of the late 1980s and early 1990s did not encourage higher fertility. The likely reason for low fertility is the male-dominated, corporate culture where male workers leave home early in the morning and work till late at night. Wives are left to care for children and maintain a full-time job. The total fertility rate (TFR) was 3.65 in 1950 and 1.39 in 1998. Both Germany and Italy have lower fertility but higher rates of immigration. The decline in the TFR is responsible for many of the current economic policies. New taxes were introduced in 1997 to pay for social security of the aged, and then the economy stalled. Life expectancies continue to rise. The elderly are a larger proportion of total population than children aged under 15 years. Women marry late, and the divorce rate is high. PMID:12348885

    13. Cultivation and characterization of rotavirus strains infecting newborn babies in Melbourne, Australia, from 1975 to 1979.

      PubMed Central

      Albert, M J; Unicomb, L E; Barnes, G L; Bishop, R F

      1987-01-01

      Twenty-three rotavirus strains obtained from the stools of 71 newborn babies were adapted to growth in MA-104 cells. Babies were housed in newborn nurseries of eight different obstetric hospitals in Melbourne between 1975 and 1979. All strains belonged to serotype 3 when reacted with serotype-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibodies in an enzyme immunoassay. Genome RNA of these 23 strains and of one stool virus not adapted to cell culture were compared by coelectrophoresis of mixtures of RNA. When strains were compared by coelectrophoresis of RNA for 4 h at 40 mA current, the majority appeared to be identical. Coelectrophoresis at 4 degrees C for 17 h at 10 mA current with 0.75-mm-thick polyacrylamide gels resulted in increased resolution of segments, revealing more genetic diversity than previously observed. Seventeen different electropherotypes showing slight variations in migration of one to seven segments were identified. Segments 5 and 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 varied more frequently than segments 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6. Strains endemic in one hospital from 1975 to 1983 showed increased numbers of segmental changes over time. Differing patterns of reaction with two neutralizing monoclonal antibodies reacting with VP3 and VP7 were observed. Comparison of electropherotypes of three neonatal strains with a serotype 3 community strain showed marked differences in segment migration. The serotypic similarity, electropherotypic dissimilarity from community strains, and asymptomatic nature of most infections are additional evidence that these viruses infecting newborn babies form a unique group of rotaviruses. Images PMID:2821061

    14. Understanding Friendship between Critical Friends

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gibbs, Paul; Angelides, Panayiotis

      2008-01-01

      This conceptual article discusses the issue of friendship implied by the term "critical friends". Our argument relates to the generalized use of the term "friendship" and the assumptions that it may carry compared with the actuality of the roles played by critical friends. We attempt to build a more precise definition of friendship which we…

    15. The total thermal insulation of the new-born baby

      PubMed Central

      Hey, E. N.; Katz, G.; O'Connell, Bridget

      1970-01-01

      1. One hundred and seventeen healthy new-born babies weighing between 0·9 and 4·8 kg at delivery have been studied during the first ten days of life, and sixteen of these babies have been studied serially for 6 weeks after birth. The babies lay supine in a draught-free environment (air speed 4-5 cm/sec) of moderate humidity. The operative temperature was between 26 and 38° C for the babies who were studied naked. 2. Total non-evaporative heat loss was calculated from simultaneous measurements of oxygen consumption, evaporative water loss and the concomitant change in mean body temperature. 3. Approximately 10% of the total body surface area was in contact with the mattress or floor. Conductive heat loss accounted for only about 5% of all non-evaporative heat loss when the naked baby was lying on a thick foam mattress, but for as much as 25% when the baby was lying in a water-jacketed chamber with a floor of clear plastic ? 5 mm thick. 4. Insulation to heat loss by convection and radiation varied with environmental temperature. Total specific insulation was low in a warm environment when the naked baby vasodilated, and rose by between 16 and 25% to a maximum in an environment of 31° C. It decreased significantly when the baby became physically active in environments with a temperature less than this. 5. Total specific insulation in an environment of 31° C varied with body size: it averaged 0·156° C.m2.hr/kcal in seven naked babies weighing 0·9-1·2 kg, rose to 0·190° C.m2.hr/kcal in twelve babies weighing 1·8-2·2 kg, and averaged 0·201° C.m2.hr/kcal in the thirty-four babies who weighed over 3 kg. Tissue insulation accounted for 23% of this total specific insulation in the smaller babies, and about 28% of the total in babies weighing over 3 kg. 6. Clothing ten babies in a vest, napkin and long cotton nightdress increased the total specific insulation by an average of 0·23° C.m2.hr/kcal. PMID:5503276

    16. Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women

      PubMed Central

      Glocker, Melanie L.; Langleben, Daniel D.; Ruparel, Kosha; Loughead, James W.; Valdez, Jeffrey N.; Griffin, Mark D.; Sachser, Norbert; Gur, Ruben C.

      2009-01-01

      Ethologist Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema (“Kindchenschema”) as a set of infantile physical features, such as round face and big eyes, that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in the human, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. The neural basis of this fundamental altruistic instinct is not well understood. Prior studies reported a pattern of brain response to pictures of children, but did not dissociate the brain response to baby schema from the response to children. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging and controlled manipulation of the baby schema in infant faces, we found that baby schema activates the nucleus accumbens, a key structure of the mesocorticolimbic system mediating reward processing and appetitive motivation, in nulliparous women. Our findings suggest that engagement of the mesocorticolimbic system is the neurophysiologic mechanism by which baby schema promotes human caregiving, regardless of kinship. PMID:19451625

    17. Friends of Trees

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Based in Portland, Oregon, the Friends of Trees organization is dedicated to restoring urban forests around the country, with a particular emphasis on the Portland metropolitan area. As their Web site notes, "Trees are an essential part of the urban ecosystem. They help keep our water and air clean, prevent erosion, provide wildlife habitat, and make neighborhoods greener, more beautiful places to live." On the site, visitors can read about their ongoing planting activities and browse the newsletter they publish three times a year. For most visitors, the most helpful area of the site will be the Tree Resources section. Here, users can look through a fact sheet on the benefits of trees in urban environments, the care and maintenance of trees, and a large tree database.

    18. Microbes: Friend or Foe?

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      This Web site contains the online companion to an episode of the PBS series, Closer to the Truth, which "brings together leading scientists, scholars and artists to debate latest discoveries and their impact on the human condition." Microbes -- Friend or Foe? offers a thought-provoking look at the role of microbes and the importance of "maintaining a microbial balance of power" on the planet. Visitors may download a transcript or view video clips of the episode, or delve deeper into the topic through online interviews with the program's panel of experts. The site also provides a useful glossary of key terms as defined by the episode's guest speakers -- some terms come with a video clip.

    19. The Friend of Man

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      2012-04-20

      There are many ways to understand the anti-slavery movements in the United States during the 19th century, and newspapers are but one of the key primary document types used by historians. Cornell University is fortunate enough to have a near complete run of the "Friend of Man" newspaper, which was published between 1836 and 1842. This very intriguing title allows curious visitors to learn about a group of people in central New York interested in "changing America" during this unique period. The paper documents the "regional interconnectedness of reform" throughout the region, with a focus on cities such as Utica, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany and New York City. Visitors to the site can browse through the various issues at their leisure and they can also perform a full-text search.

    20. Hospital Hints

      MedlinePLUS

      ... hospital. You will need: Bathrobe and slippers (put your name on each item); most hospitals provide special bed ... medicines , including prescription and over-the-counter drugs Your allergies Names and telephone numbers (home and business) to contact ...

    1. Norovirus - hospital

      MedlinePLUS

      ... fluids ( dehydration ). Anyone can become infected with norovirus. Hospital patients who are very old, very young, or ... to understand an outbreak, such as in a hospital setting. This test is done by collecting a ...

    2. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    3. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    4. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    5. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    6. Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure

      SciTech Connect

      Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

      2007-12-20

      After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

    7. Field Friendly Tuberculosis Biosensor

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Proper, N.; Scherman, M. S.; Jevsevar, K. L.; Stone, J.; McNeil, M. R.; Krapf, D.

      2009-10-01

      Tuberculosis (TB) is a fading threat in the United States, but in the developing world it is still a major health-care concern. Given the rising number of cases and lack of resources, there is a desperate need for an affordable, portable detection system. We are working towards the development of a field-friendly immunological biosensor that utilizes florescence microscopy to undertake this task. We observe fluorescently labeled antibodies/antigens as they bind to a glass slide treated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in order to inhibit non-specific adsorption. Antibodies against the antigens of interest are bound to the PEGylated glass slides via biotin-streptavidin interactions. Then, fluorescently labeled antibodies are mixed with different concentrations of TB antigens and this solution is incubated on the treated glass slides for 30 minutes. The slides are thoroughly rinsed with water following the incubation period. The antigens are then detected by fluorescence using a low-cost biosensor. Our system includes a ``supermarket-scanner'' HeNe laser, home-built electronics, off-the-shelf optics and a Si photodiode. Work is underway to incorporate a flow-cell into the system, in a small portable box.

    8. Baby’s Breath II protocol development and design: A secondhand smoke exposure prevention program targeting infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit

      PubMed Central

      Stotts, Angela L.; Northrup, Thomas F.; Schmitz, Joy M.; Green, Charles; Tyson, Jon; Velasquez, Mary M.; Khan, Amir; Hovell, Melbourne F.

      2013-01-01

      Background Over one-third of all children live with at least one parent who smokes cigarettes, which is associated with compromised child health. The impact of secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) in medically fragile infants born prematurely is likely to be much higher. The Baby’s Breath II study tests whether a hospital-initiated, motivational-enhancement program will result in less SHSe relative to conventional care in high-risk, low birthweight (LBW) infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The design and protocol for the ongoing BBII trial is described. Methods/design Eligible participants are: (1) primary caregivers (typically mothers) of NICU infants who were born at LBW (<2500 g) or ventilated for more than 12 h; and (2) who smoke or live with at least one smoker. This randomized controlled trial has two conditions: Motivational interviewing plus incentives (MI+) and conventional care (CC). MI+ participants receive two hospital-based and two home-based counseling sessions, as well as incentives (i.e., prize-based draws) for (a) intervention attendance and (b) biochemical validation (i.e., urine cotinine dipstick) indicative of low or no infant SHSe. Participants in the control group receive conventional education-based care. Assessments are completed at baseline, mid-point, and 1- and 4-months post-intervention. Discussion This study is the first to determine the efficacy of a brief intervention for reducing SHSe among high-risk, LBW infants discharged from a NICU, with the potential for saving lives and healthcare costs. Strengths, limitations and challenges to the conduct of this trial are discussed. PMID:23466754

    9. McKay's E7 observation on the Baby Monster Gerald Hohn

      E-print Network

      Hoehn, Gerald

      McKay's E7 observation on the Baby Monster Gerald H¨ohn Department of Mathematics, Kansas State; Secondary 20B25. Abstract In this paper, we study McKay's E7 observation on the Baby Monster between dihedral subgroups of the Baby Monster and certain subalgebras of the Baby Monster vertex operator

    10. Increased migration levels of bisphenol A from polycarbonate baby bottles after dishwashing, boiling and brushing

      Microsoft Academic Search

      C. Brede; P. Fjeldal; I. Skjevrak; H. Herikstad

      2003-01-01

      Baby bottles are often made of polycarbonate plastic. Impurities remaining in the bottle from the monomer bisphenol A can migrate from the plastic bottles into baby food, thereby causing a health concern. Previous migration testing of new baby bottles showed only trace migration levels of the substance. In the present work, polycarbonate baby bottles were subjected to simulated use by

    11. The Effects of Two Bathing Methods on the Time of Separation of Umbilical Cord in Term Babies in Turkey

      PubMed Central

      Ayyildiz, Tulay; Kulakci, Hulya; Niyazi Ayoglu, Ferruh; Kalinci, Nihal; Veren, Funda

      2015-01-01

      Background: Umbilical cord infection developing subsequent to bacterial colonization is one of the outstanding reasons of newborn mortality and morbidity in underdeveloped and developing countries Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of sponge and tub bathing methods on umbilical cord separation time in full term babies in Turkey. Patients and Methods: This quasi-experimental and randomized controlled study was performed on 100 healthy term newborn babies and their mothers. One-hundred full-term babies (51 sponge bathing, 49 tub bathing) born at a state hospital between 14.03.2013 and 18.05.2013 with gestational age of 38-42 weeks, weighing 2500 grams and above and met the selection criteria were included as the study sample. Two booklets were prepared about sponge bathing and tub bathing. Mothers were instructed about sponge bathing and tub bathing, umbilical cord care in prenatal and postnatal periods. The first postnatal visit was performed at the hospital. Home visits and telephone calls were continued until the day of cord separation. Number, percent, mean and standard deviation values, qui-square and Mann-Whitney U tests were used for data assessment. Results: The time of separation of umbilical cord in babies who were given sponge bathing (6.1 ± 1.4) was shorter compared to those given tub bathing (8.3 ± 2.5) (P < 0.005). Conclusions: Since wetting of umbilical cord during tub bathing delays the separation of umbilical cord, sponge bathing is recommended for newborns until the umbilical cord falls off.

    12. Energy Efficient, Environmentally Friendly Refrigerants

      E-print Network

      Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; Dhooge, P. M.

      This paper describes a new family of safe, environmentally friendly, high performance substitute refrigerants for application in manufacturing and facilities operations. Due to the Montreal Protocol and subsequent environmental regulations, CFC...

    13. CDC Vital Signs: Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives

      MedlinePLUS

      ... About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Hepatitis C Testing baby boomers saves lives May 2013 3 ... boomers got infected before the dangers of hepatitis C were well known. Anyone can get hepatitis C, ...

    14. CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON

      E-print Network

      Spirtes, Peter

      CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON WORDS, THOUGHTS AND THEORIES ABSTRACT are found wanting. Well designed machines would optimize; we are machines that can only satisfice, on a good

    15. CPSC Cautions Caregivers about Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds

      MedlinePLUS

      ... www.cpsc.gov • www.SaferProducts.gov CPSC Cautions Caregivers about Hidden Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds ... Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is alerting parents and caregivers to the hidden hazards associated with placing infants ...

    16. Baby Skyrme models for a class of potentials

      E-print Network

      Eslami, P; Sarbishaei, M

      2000-01-01

      We consider a class of (2+1) dimensional baby Skyrme models with potentials that have more than one vacum. These potentials are generalisation of old and new baby Skyrme models;they involve more complicated dependence on phi_3.We find that when the potential is invariant under phi_3 -> -phi_3 the configuration corresponding to the baby skyrmions lying "on top of each other" are the minima of the energy. However when the potential breaks this symmetry the lowest field configurations correspond to separated baby skyrmions. We compute the energy distributions for skyrmions of degrees between one and eight and discuss their geometrical shapes and binding energies. We also compare the 2-skyrmion states for these potentials. Most of our work has been performed numerically with the model being formulated in terms of three real scalar fields (satisfying one constraint).

    17. Baby Skyrme models for a class of potentials

      E-print Network

      P. Eslami; W. J. Zakrzewski; M. Sarbishaei

      2000-01-24

      We consider a class of (2+1) dimensional baby Skyrme models with potentials that have more than one vacum. These potentials are generalisation of old and new baby Skyrme models;they involve more complicated dependence on phi_3.We find that when the potential is invariant under phi_3 -> -phi_3 the configuration corresponding to the baby skyrmions lying "on top of each other" are the minima of the energy. However when the potential breaks this symmetry the lowest field configurations correspond to separated baby skyrmions. We compute the energy distributions for skyrmions of degrees between one and eight and discuss their geometrical shapes and binding energies. We also compare the 2-skyrmion states for these potentials. Most of our work has been performed numerically with the model being formulated in terms of three real scalar fields (satisfying one constraint).

    18. EVALUATION OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINING PESTICIDES IN BABY FOOD

      EPA Science Inventory

      Three extraction methods and two detection techniques for determining pesticides in baby food were evaluated. The extraction techniques examined were supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), enhanced solvent extraction (ESE), and solid phase extraction (SPE). The detection techni...

    19. Child Safety: Keeping Your Home Safe for Your Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... push up, you should remove bumpers, pillows and toys from the crib including toys that are strung across the crib or a ... of your child's reach. Mobiles and hanging crib toys should also be kept out of your baby's ...

    20. When Your Baby's in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)

      MedlinePLUS

      ... These are small beds enclosed by clear, hard plastic. The temperature of the isolette is controlled and ... the needle is removed, leaving just the soft plastic tubing. Almost all babies in the NICU have ...

    1. Mother and baby yoga is good for you.

      PubMed

      MacDonald, Cheryl

      2013-05-01

      Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve and stabilise their emotional health and to bond. Additionally the mother is able to focus on her relationship with her baby, rebuild the weakened pelvic floor, strengthen the abdominal muscles and even alleviate back and neck pain. For babies, yoga can aid digestion and alleviate colic; help to strengthen tiny limbs; improve sleep patterns; and enhance their ability to interact with their mother and other people. PMID:23789249

    2. When Your Baby Is Born with a Health Problem

      MedlinePLUS

      ... delivery room. But if there are complications, the mother may be transferred to a delivery room with ... The obstetrics (OB) team will stay with the mother while the baby is being treated, providing any ...

    3. Arsenic in Well Water Can Raise Level in Baby Formula

      MedlinePLUS

      ... this page, please enable JavaScript. Arsenic in Well Water Can Raise Level in Baby Formula: Study Researchers ... amounts low, but recommend testing privately supplied tap water (*this news item will not be available after ...

    4. Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... What to Expect Ebola: What to Know Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea? ... It Works Risks of Nonmedical Ultrasounds What's an Ultrasound? For many expectant parents, ultrasounds offer a window ...

    5. A friend in need is a friend indeed [software metrics and friend functions

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Michael English; Jim Buckley; Tony Cahill

      2005-01-01

      Previous research has highlighted the extensive use of the C++ friend construct in both library-based and application-based systems. However, existing software metrics do not concentrate on measuring friendship accurately, a surprising omission given the debate friendship has caused in the object-oriented community. In this paper, a number of software metrics, that measure the extent to which friend class relationships are

    6. Self-healing collodion baby: evidence for autosomal recessive inheritance.

      PubMed

      Frenk, E; de Techtermann, F

      1992-06-01

      Five spontaneously healing collodion babies were recorded in a large Swiss kindred. They all had consanguineous parents. Their distribution in the family indicates autosomal recessive inheritance. At birth they had the typical features of collodion babies. The collodion-like membrane was shed within the first month, leaving a slightly scaly skin for a few weeks. Thereafter the skin remained normal without any evidence of a disorder of cornification. PMID:1603745

    7. Inorganic arsenic levels in baby rice are of concern

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Andrew A. Meharg; Guoxin Sun; Paul N. Williams; Eureka Adomako; Claire Deacon; Yong-Guan Zhu; Joerg Feldmann; Andrea Raab

      2008-01-01

      Inorganic arsenic is a chronic exposure carcinogen. Analysis of UK baby rice revealed a median inorganic arsenic content (n=17) of 0.11mg\\/kg. By plotting inorganic arsenic against total arsenic, it was found that inorganic concentrations increased linearly up to 0.25mg\\/kg total arsenic, then plateaued at 0.16mg\\/kg at higher total arsenic concentrations. Inorganic arsenic intake by babies (4–12 months) was considered with

    8. American Hospital Directory

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Outpatient Welcome Understanding and using Free Hospital Profiles Free Hospital Profiles How to look up a hospital ... more than 50 hospitals.) How to see the Free Hospital Profile The Free Hospital Profile is displayed ...

    9. Color View 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2008-01-01

      NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 14 (June 8, 2008), the 14th Martian day after landing. It shows two trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm.

      Soil from the right trench, informally called 'Baby Bear,' was delivered to Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA, on Sol 12 (June 6). The following several sols included repeated attempts to shake the screen over TEGA's oven number 4 to get fine soil particles through the screen and into the oven for analysis.

      The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test.

      Each of the trenches is about 9 centimeters (3 inches) wide. This view is presented in approximately true color by combining separate exposures taken through different filters of the Surface Stereo Imager.

      The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

    10. Power outages, power externalities, and baby booms.

      PubMed

      Burlando, Alfredo

      2014-08-01

      Determining whether power outages have significant fertility effects is an important policy question in developing countries, where blackouts are common and modern forms of family planning are scarce. Using birth records from Zanzibar, this study shows that a month-long blackout in 2008 caused a significant increase in the number of births 8 to 10 months later. The increase was similar across villages that had electricity, regardless of the level of electrification; villages with no electricity connections saw no changes in birth numbers. The large fertility increase in communities with very low levels of electricity suggests that the outage affected the fertility of households not connected to the grid through some spillover effect. Whether the baby boom is likely to translate to a permanent increase in the population remains unclear, but this article highlights an important hidden consequence of power instability in developing countries. It also suggests that electricity imposes significant externality effects on rural populations that have little exposure to it. PMID:25007970

    11. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Perinatal Issues Yes No Was your baby born on time? ( ) ( ) Number of weeks pregnant on day of birth? ( ) ( ) Birth weight? Was it a vaginal delivery? ( ) ( ) Passed hearing screen? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor

    12. Stillbirths at a hospital in Nablus, 2010: a cohort study

      PubMed Central

      Cung, Tam Giao; Paus, Anne Sofie; Aghbar, Ammar; Kiserud, Torvid; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund

      2014-01-01

      Background Stillbirths are insufficiently reported in many countries. In Nablus, reporting has recently started; little is published in Palestine on the stillbirth rate and its risk factors. Objective To study the rate of stillbirths at Rafidia Hospital in 2010 and some of its risk factors. Design A retrospective cohort design. Methods Data were collected from the delivery registry for all births and we analysed those with a gestation of 28 weeks or more at Rafidia Hospital. Stillbirth rates were estimated for available determinants. Results In 2010, a total of 5,644 women gave birth to 5,782 babies, of whom 41 were stillbirths, that is, a stillbirth rate of 7.1/1,000 births (95% confidence interval 5.2–9.5). Premature babies had a higher risk of being a stillbirth. For small babies, the lower the birth weight the higher was the probability of being a stillbirth, and for babies weighing 4,500 g or more there was a higher risk of being stillborn. The risk of stillbirth was also higher among babies from mothers with high haemoglobin concentration, but low maternal haemoglobin was not associated with stillbirths. Conclusions The stillbirth rates at Rafidia hospital assessed in this study compares favourably with the reported national numbers, indicating a good reliability of the on-going registration. The rates were highest among premature births. Stillbirth was linked to low birth weight, foetal macrosomia, and maternal haemoconcentration. We believe the findings identify areas to address when designing antenatal care with the aim of improving perinatal mortality in the country. PMID:25196827

    13. Hospital fundamentals.

      PubMed

      Althausen, Peter L; Hill, Austin D; Mead, Lisa

      2014-07-01

      Under the current system, orthopaedic trauma surgeons must work in some form of hospital setting as our primary service involves treatment of the trauma patient. We must not forget that just as a trauma center cannot exist without our services, we cannot function without their support. As a result, a clear understanding of the balance between physicians and hospitals is paramount. Historical perspective enables physicians and hospital personnel alike to understand the evolution of hospital-physician relationship. This process should be understood upon completion of this chapter. The relationship between physicians and hospitals is becoming increasingly complex and multiple forms of integration exist such as joint ventures, gain sharing, and co-management agreements. For the surgeon to negotiate well, an understanding of hospital governance and the role of the orthopaedic traumatologist is vital to success. An understanding of the value provided by the traumatologist includes all aspects of care including efficiency, availability, cost effectiveness, and research activities. To create effective and sustainable healthcare institutions, physicians and hospitals must be aligned over a sustained period of time. Unfortunately, external forces have eroded the historical basis for the working relationship between physicians and hospitals. Increased competition and reimbursement cuts, coupled with the increasing demands for quality, efficiency, and coordination and the payment changes outlined in healthcare reform, have left many organizations wondering how to best rebuild the relationship. The principal goal for the physician when partnering with a hospital or healthcare entity is to establish a sustainable model of service line management that protects or advances the physician's ability to make impactful improvements in quality of patient care, decreases in healthcare costs, and improvements in process efficiency through evidence-based practices and protocols. PMID:24918827

    14. Amitriptyline poisoning of a baby: How informative can hair analysis be?

      PubMed

      Allibe, Nathalie; Eysseric-Guerin, Hélène; Kintz, Pascal; Bartoli, Mireille; Bost-Bru, Cécile; Grenier, Florian; Scolan, Virginie; Stanke-Labesque, Françoise

      2015-04-01

      We reported a case of a 6-month-old baby girl who was hospitalized in the pediatric emergency for central nervous system disorders then coma. Toxicology analysis showed the presence of amitriptyline (AMI) and its metabolite nortriptyline (NOR) in blood and urine of the baby. Additional investigations suggested a shaken baby syndrome. Given the family context, a judge ordered hair tests for both the child and his parents to document drug exposure. A liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was then developed to quantify AMI and NOR in hair. After decontamination and segmentation, 20mg of hair was incubated overnight at 55°C in methanol (MeOH). The LC-MS/MS method used an online solid phase extraction and the analysis was performed using two transitions per compound. The LOQ and LOD for the two compounds were estimated at 0.0075ng/mg and 0.005ng/mg respectively. All hair segments tested for both parents were negative. For the baby two strands of hair were collected one day after the acute intoxication for the first and 5 weeks later for the second. The first strand was not decontaminated before analysis to avoid losing specimen. The high and relatively homogenous concentrations of AMI (with a range of value from 6.65 to 9.69ng/mg) and NOR (with a range of value from 7.12 to 8.96ng/mg) measured suggested that contamination could have occurred. The analysis of the second strand after decontamination allowed to detect AMI and NOR in all hair segments. The obtained values varied between 0.54 and 1.41ng/mg for AMI and between 1.26 and 4.00ng/mg for NOR. These results supported the hypothesis of a chronic exposure during several months before hair collection with regular increase. However a single overdose could not be totally excluded. The interpretation of results must take into account the pharmacological and physiological parameters of hair of the children. PMID:25676714

    15. Experiences of HIV positive mothers who chose not to breastfeed their babies in Nigeria.

      PubMed

      Sadoh, Wilson E; Sadoh, Ayebo E

      2009-03-01

      HIV positive mothers, who choose not to breastfeed their babies in a predominantly breastfeeding community would face a number of barriers. This study looked at the experiences of HIV positive mothers who chose the no breastfeeding option. Consecutive HIV positive mothers who opted not to breastfeed their infants after infant feeding counselling and whose infants were attending the HIV programme at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria were recruited for the study. Disclosure of HIV serostatus and adherence to no breastfeeding options were evaluated using an interviewer administered structured questionnaire. Of the 62 mothers recruited for the study, 57 (91.94 %) had disclosed their serostatus to at least their partners. Most partners 42 (93.33%) were supportive while three mothers were divorced following disclosure. Thirteen (20.97%) mothers could not comply with no breastfeeding. Non disclosure of serostatus, pressure from extended family and token breastfeeding mitigate against adhering to no breastfeeding by HIV positive mothers. PMID:20687263

    16. ? Carinae Baby Homunculus Uncovered by ALMA

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Abraham, Zulema; Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego; Beaklini, Pedro P. B.

      2014-08-01

      We report observations of ? Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42?, He42?, H40?, He40?, H50?, H28?, He28?, H21?, and He21? were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of ? Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shell coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by ? Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the "Baby Homunculus."

    17. Connecting hospitalized patients with their families: case series and commentary.

      PubMed

      Parsapour, Kourosh; Kon, Alexander A; Dharmar, Madan; McCarthy, Amy K; Yang, Hsuan-Hui; Smith, Anthony C; Carpenter, Janice; Sadorra, Candace K; Farbstein, Aron D; Hojman, Nayla M; Wold, Gary L; Marcin, James P

      2011-01-01

      The overall aim of this project was to ascertain the utilization of a custom-designed telemedicine service for patients to maintain close contact (via videoconference) with family and friends during hospitalization. We conducted a retrospective chart review of hospitalized patients (primarily children) with extended hospital length of stays. Telecommunication equipment was used to provide videoconference links from the patient's bedside to friends and family in the community. Thirty-six cases were managed during a five-year period (2006 to 2010). The most common reasons for using Family-Link were related to the logistical challenges of traveling to and from the hospital-principally due to distance, time, family commitments, and/or personal cost. We conclude that videoconferencing provides a solution to some barriers that may limit family presence and participation in care for hospitalized patients, and as a patient-centered innovation is likely to enhance patient and family satisfaction. PMID:22121359

    18. Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents

      E-print Network

      Minnesota, University of

      on Environmental Quality #12;Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents EIS's can legally succeed and utterly fail of Transportation 23 September 2002 "Citizens' understanding of the EIS material was atrocious; on two measures the portions of the EIS that are useful to decision makers and the public 40 CFR 1502.8: Environmental impact

    19. Informed Consent: Friend or Foe?

      E-print Network

      Contractor, Anis

      Informed Consent: Friend or Foe? Sean M. Perry, JD, Senior Contract and Grant Officer Office Perspectives on Consent Sean M. Perry, JD, Senior Contract and Grant Officer Office for Sponsored Research, Northwestern University sean-perry@northwestern.edu #12;AMC Perspectives on Consent · Three key departments

    20. Every Child Needs a Friend

      E-print Network

      Suzuki, Masatsugu

      Business/organization Friend Donation Levels Single tile: For a gift of $50, one 4.25" square tile. In such circumstances, the donation will be returned to the donor if an alternate message cannot be negotiated. S ince ·Celebrate your family ·Commemorate a special event ·Show your business's or organization's support

    1. Friends of the National Library of Medicine

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of ... Paul G. Rogers Chairman, Friends of the National Library of Medicine and former member of the U.S. ...

    2. My Friend Is Talking about Suicide

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Dealing With Anger My Friend Is Talking About Suicide. What Should I Do? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > Friends > ... You Can Do After Suicide Warning Signs of Suicide Everyone feels sad, depressed, or angry sometimes — especially ...

    3. 75 FR 63851 - Draft Friends Organizations Policy

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-10-18

      ...Service (Service), propose to establish a policy to guide Service employees to...Service's mission through partnerships with Friends organizations (volunteer/advocate). Today, Friends organizations play a vital role in helping to fulfill...

    4. Inflating baby-Skyrme branes in six dimensions

      E-print Network

      Yves Brihaye; Térence Delsate; Nobuyuki Sawado; Yuta Kodama

      2010-07-05

      We consider a six dimensional brane world model, where the brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extradimensions. The branes have a cosmological constant modeled by inflating four dimensional slices and we further consider a bulk cosmological constant. We construct solutions numerically and present evidences that the solutions cease to exist for large values of the brane cosmological constant in some particular case. Then we study the stability of the model by considering perturbation of the gravitational part (resp. baby skyrmion) with fixed matter fields (resp. gravitational background). Our results indicate that the perturbation equations do not admit localized solutions for certain type of perturbation. The stability analysis can be alternatively seen as leading to a particle spectrum; we give mass estimations for the baby-Skyrme perturbation and for the graviton.

    5. Inflating baby-Skyrme branes in six dimensions

      SciTech Connect

      Brihaye, Yves; Delsate, Terence; Kodama, Yuta; Sawado, Nobuyuki [Theoretical and Mathematical Physics Department, Universite de Mons - UMons, 20, Place du Parc, 7000 Mons (Belgium); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba 278-8510 (Japan)

      2010-11-15

      We consider a six-dimensional brane world model, where the brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extra dimensions. The branes have a cosmological constant modeled by inflating four-dimensional slices, and we further consider a bulk cosmological constant. We construct solutions numerically and present evidence that the solutions cease to exist for large values of the brane cosmological constant in some particular case. Then we study the stability of the model by considering perturbation of the gravitational part (resp. baby Skyrmion) with fixed matter fields (resp. gravitational background). Our results indicate that the perturbation equations do not admit localized solutions for certain type of perturbation. The stability analysis can be alternatively seen as leading to a particle spectrum; we give mass estimations for the baby-Skyrme perturbation and for the graviton.

    6. Cultural evolution: The case of babies’ first names

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Xi, Ning; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Ge, Zehui; She, Li; Zhang, Kui

      2014-07-01

      In social sciences, there is currently rare consensus on the underlying mechanism for cultural evolution, partially due to lack of suitable data. The evolution of first names of newborn babies offers a remarkable example for such researches. In this paper, we employ the historical data on baby names from the United States to investigate the evolutionary process of culture, in particular focusing on how inequality among baby names changes over time. Then we propose a stochastic model where individual choice is determined by both individual preference and social influence, and show that the decrease in the strength of social influence can account for all the observed empirical features. Therefore, we claim that the weakening of social influence drives cultural evolution.

    7. Babies born dying: just bad karma? A discussion paper.

      PubMed

      Kain, Victoria J

      2014-12-01

      The paper examines the notion of being born dying and karma. Karma is a belief upheld by Buddhists and non-Buddhists: That is, karma follows people from their previous lives into their current lives. This raises a difficult question: Does karma mean that a baby's death is its own fault? While great peace can be found from a belief in karma, the notion of a baby's karma returning in some sort of retributive, universal justice can be de-emphasized and is considered "un-Buddhist." Having an understanding of karma is intrinsic to the spiritual care for the dying baby, not only from the perspective of parents and families who have these beliefs, but also for reconciling one's own beliefs as a healthcare practitioner. PMID:24096383

    8. Adolescent Boys' Intentions of Seeking Help from Male Friends and Female Friends

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sears, Heather A.; Graham, Joanna; Campbell, Anna

      2009-01-01

      This study examined adolescent boys' intentions of seeking help from male friends and female friends. We evaluated mean differences in boys' help-seeking intentions; assessed whether boys' individual characteristics predicted their intentions; and examined perceived support from male friends and female friends as mediators of these relationships.…

    9. Classroom Friends and Very Best Friends: A Short-Term Longitudinal Analysis of Relationship Quality

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      McChristian, Chrystal L.; Ray, Glen E.; Tidwell, Pamela S.; LoBello, Steven G.

      2012-01-01

      Second-, third-, fifth-, and sixth-grade children evaluated relationship qualities of a self-nominated friend and a self-nominated very best friend over a 6-month school year period. Results demonstrated that 76% of the friend relationships and 50% of the very best friend relationships were maintained over the course of the study. Children in…

    10. For Professors, "Friending" Can Be Fraught

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lipka, Sara

      2007-01-01

      People connect on Facebook by asking to "friend" one another. A typical user lists at least 100 such connections, while newbies are informed, "You don't have any friends yet." A humbling statement. It might make one want to find some. But friending students can be even dicier than befriending them. In the real world, casual professors may ask…

    11. Efficacy of baby-CIMT: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial on infants below age 12 months, with clinical signs of unilateral CP

      PubMed Central

      2014-01-01

      Background Infants with unilateral brain lesions are at high risk of developing unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Given the great plasticity of the young brain, possible interventions for infants at risk of unilateral CP deserve exploration. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is known to be effective for older children with unilateral CP but is not systematically used for infants. The development of CIMT for infants (baby-CIMT) is described here, as is the methodology of an RCT comparing the effects on manual ability development of baby-CIMT versus baby-massage. The main hypothesis is that infants receiving baby-CIMT will develop manual ability in the involved hand faster than will infants receiving baby-massage in the first year of life. Method and design The study will be a randomised, controlled, prospective parallel-group trial. Invited infants will be to be randomised to either the baby-CIMT or the baby-massage group if they: 1) are at risk of developing unilateral CP due to a known neonatal event affecting the brain or 2) have been referred to Astrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital due to asymmetric hand function. The inclusion criteria are age 3–8 months and established asymmetric hand use. Infants in both groups will receive two 6-weeks training periods separated by a 6-week pause, for 12 weeks in total of treatment. The primary outcome measure will be the new Hand Assessment for Infants (HAI) for evaluating manual ability. In addition, the Parenting Sense of Competence scale and Alberta Infant Motor Scale will be used. Clinical neuroimaging will be utilized to characterise the brain lesion type. To compare outcomes between treatment groups generalised linear models will be used. Discussion The model of early intensive intervention for hand function, baby-CIMT evaluated by the Hand Assessment for Infants (HAI) will have the potential to significantly increase our understanding of how early intervention of upper limb function in infants at risk of developing unilateral CP can be performed and measured. Trial registration SFO-V4072/2012, 05/22/2013 PMID:24903062

    12. What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?

      PubMed

      Atherton, David; Mills, Kathryn

      2004-07-01

      Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies' skin healthy remains a challenge for midwives and parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of nappy rash at some time. Nappy rash is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and faeces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the nappy. Infection is not a primary cause of nappy rash, though secondary infection by Candida albicans can occur. Prevention of nappy rash is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. We propose that routine baby skincare should comprise gentle cleansing whenever the nappy is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent nappies, and the application of a barrier preparation at every nappy change. Ideally, a barrier preparation should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin's natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain optimum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume (or other potential sensitisers), or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety. Treatment of nappy rash should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every nappy change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the condition has failed to respond to other approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy. PMID:15314924

    13. Children's MeMorial hospital, ChiCaGo 2010 annual report

      E-print Network

      outreach. What we do today will herald a new era in pediatric care. Once again we achieved high marks's Magnet Recognition Program® for excellence in nursing services re-designated Children's Memorial Hospital Barnett reCalls the joyous MoMent when she and her husBand troy Welcomed their baby boy, William

    14. Researchers Use RFID to Fight SIDS This system would be especially useful in hospital

      E-print Network

      Chiao, Jung-Chih

      as the sensor results, to the hospital's management system. If a baby's carbon dioxide levels fluctuated Studies> RFID White Papers> Vendor Profiles> Magazine Archive> RFID Buyer's Guide> RFID Webinars> RFID> Inventory/Warehouse> Operations> More Topics> RESOURCES> RFID Journal Store> RFID Event Calendar> Find RFID

    15. What Are the Chances My Baby Has CF? Understanding the Results

      MedlinePLUS

      ... your baby might have a health condition called cystic fibrosis (CF). Most babies who have a positive (abnormal) ... carriers of CF than to have the disease cystic fibrosis. In most states, fewer than three out of ...

    16. Healthy Mouth for Your Baby (for American Indians and Alaska Natives)

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Talks with Mary Protect your Baby's Teeth with Fluoride Check and Clean Your Baby's Teeth Feed Your ... dentist say?" asked Hope. "She told me that fluoride protects teeth. She also said to feed my ...

    17. From Baby Bottle to Cup: Choose Training Cups Carefully, Use Them Temporarily

      MedlinePLUS

      ... factors for early childhood caries (sometimes called “baby bottle tooth decay”) is frequent and prolonged exposure of ... birthday. As you make the change from baby bottle to training cup, be very careful about d ...

    18. Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

    19. A remark on spin and statistics of baby skyrmion

      SciTech Connect

      Otsu, H. (Ishikawa Polytechnic College, Anamizu 927 (JP)); Sato, T. (Matsusaka Univ., Matsusaka, Mie 515 (JP))

      1991-09-28

      The authors study spin and statistics of baby skyrmion, which is a topological soliton solution in the (2 + 1)-dimensional O(3) {sigma}-model. In this paper it is shown that the Hopf term written in terms of CP variables does not naively represent the topological charge associated with the non-triviality of {Pi}{sub 1} (S{sup 2} {r arrow} S{sup 2}). It is also pointed out, therefore, that the baby skyrmion cannot behave as anyon, even if the Hopf term written in terms of CP variables is added to the model.

    20. Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program

      PubMed Central

      2012-01-01

      Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages. PMID:23181985

    1. Baby Skyrme model, near-BPS approximations, and supersymmetric extensions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Bolognesi, S.; Zakrzewski, W.

      2015-02-01

      We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this, a near-BPS approximation can be used when there is a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with N =1 and the particular ones with extended N =2 supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

    2. [Stiff baby syndrome is a rare cause of neonatal hypertonicity.

      PubMed

      Rønne, Maria Sode; Nielsen, Preben Berg; Mogensen, Christian Backer

      2014-02-24

      Stiff baby syndrome (hyperekplexia) is a rare genetic disorder. The condition can easily be misdiagnosed as epilepsy or severe sepsis because of hypertonicity and seizure-like episodes and has an increased risk of severe apnoea and sudden infant death. Tapping of the nasal bridge inducing a startle response is the clinical hallmark. We report cases of two sisters born with stiff baby syndrome with hypertonicity, exaggerated startle reaction and cyanosis. The syndrome has a good prognosis if treated with clonazepam and both cases were developmental normal after one year. PMID:25350416

    3. Learn as Babies Learn: A Conceptual Model of Designing Optimum Learnability

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Douglas Xiaoyong Wang

      2009-01-01

      A newborn baby’s first move is to look for the nipples. This is an instinct for a baby to live, build strength and interact\\u000a with the world. The interaction seems very similar to our users’ choosing a product for self-empowerment and productivity.\\u000a However, most users are not babies, neither the majority of man-made products embody perfect affordances. How could user

    4. McKay's E7 observation on the Baby Monster Gerald Hohn

      E-print Network

      Hoehn, Gerald

      McKay's E7 observation on the Baby Monster Gerald H¨ohn Department of Mathematics, Kansas State; Secondary 20B25. Abstract In this paper, we study McKay's E7 observation on the Baby Monster. We show that there is a natural correspondence between dihedral groups of the Baby Monster and certain vertex operator subalgebras

    5. On the action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group on its conjugacy class 2B

      E-print Network

      Mueller, Jürgen

      On the action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group on its conjugacy class 2B simple Baby Monster group B on its conjugacy class 2B, where the cen- traliser of a 2B of the Baby Monster group B, i. e. the second largest of the sporadic simple groups, on its conjugacy class 2B

    6. On the action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group on its conjugacy class 2B

      E-print Network

      Mueller, Jürgen

      On the action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group on its conjugacy class 2B Jurgen M with the multiplicity-free action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group B on its conjugacy class 2B, where the cen-free action of the Baby Monster group B , i. e. the second largest of the sporadic simple groups, on its

    7. The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II U. Meierfrankenfeld April 17, 2003 Abstract In this paper the maximal 2-local subgroups in the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups of the Monster M and the Baby Monster BM which are of characteristic 2 have been classified. As a follow up

    8. The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II Abstract In this paper the maximal 2-local subgroups in the Monster and Baby Monster simple-local subgroups of the Monster M and the Baby Monster BM which are of characteristic 2 have been

    9. KINETICS OF THEOPHYLLINE IN APNEA OF PREMATURITY IN SMALL FOR GESTATIONAL AGE BABIES

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Mrinalkanti Chaudhuri; S. K. Garg; Anil Narang; O. N. Bhakoo

      Objectives: To study the pharmacokinetics of theophylline and its correlations to pharmacodynamic effects in apnea of prematurity in small for gestational age babies. Design: Prospective case control study. Setting: Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Subjects: Ten small for gestational age (SGA) babies and 10 gestation matched appropriate for gestational age (AGA) babies with recurrent apnea of prematurity. Methods: All

    10. TSI (teething ring sound instrument): a design of the sound instrument for the baby

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Naoko Kubo; Kazuhiro Jo; Ken Matsunaga

      2001-01-01

      In this paper, we will describe the TSI (Teething ring Sound Instrument), a new sound instrument given to babies, which consists of a teething ring, a knob, an I-CubeX Digitizer [1] and a computer which processes MIDI messages. The TSI is designed to bring music experience to baby with the movement of the babies reflex sucking motion. We provided the

    11. The Baby Boomer Generation--Impact on Public Libraries: Theoretical and Practical Evidence.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kahlert, Maureen V.

      This paper discusses the impact of the Baby Boomer generation on public libraries. The paper has five main objectives: (1) to provide a statistical and demographic profile of the Baby Boomers at the local, state, and national levels within Australia; (2) to provide characteristics of the Baby Boomer generation; (3) to present comparative results…

    12. Orchestrating Professional Development for Baby Room Practitioners: Raising the Stakes in New Dialogic Encounters

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Goouch, Kathleen; Powell, Sacha

      2013-01-01

      This article has emerged from a research and development project, The Baby Room, which was designed to examine how babies are cared for in daycare settings. Within the project, a form of professional development was created which designated a central space for dialogic encounter, primarily to enable the baby room practitioners who participated in…

    13. Compositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao

      E-print Network

      . Using this framework, we have produced a certification of BabyVMM, a small VMM designed for simplifiedCompositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Manager Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao Yale hardware. The same proof also shows that a certified ker- nel using BabyVMM's virtual memory abstraction

    14. Obstetric Brachial Plexus Palsy in Newborn Babies of Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Mothers

      Microsoft Academic Search

      M. M. Al-Qattan; A. A. F. El-Sayed; A. Y. Al-Zahrani; S. A. Al-Mutairi; M. S. Al-Harbi; A. M. Al-Mutairi; F. S. Al-Kahtani

      2010-01-01

      Compared to non-diabetic mothers, diabetic mothers are known to deliver larger babies who are at higher risk for shoulder dystocia and obstetric brachial plexus palsy. The intrapartum forces applied during delivery of larger babies are expected to be higher. Hence, the chances of these babies for good spontaneous recovery are expected to be lower; and this is a generally believed

    15. Baby, It's You: International Capital Discovers the under Threes

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hughes, Patrick

      2005-01-01

      Well-established international entertainment firms such as Disney and Fisher-Price are joining new start-up firms such as Baby Einstein to create a 'Baby' market of products (including toys, games and videos) specifically targeted at children aged 0-3 years. Despite its novelty, the "Baby" market mirrors older markets that…

    16. TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE

      E-print Network

      Bernstein, Daniel

      TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE Abstract. Pollard's rho algorithm negation), the baby-step-giant-step method has probability 0.5625 + o(1) of finding a uniform random two-grumpy-giants-and-a-baby method has probability 0.71875 + o(1). 1. Introduction Fix a prime

    17. 7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ...2014-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...

    18. 7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ...2013-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...

    19. 7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ...2012-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...

    20. Hospitality Management.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA.

      A project was conducted at College of the Canyons (Valencia, California) to initiate a new 2-year hospitality program with career options in hotel or restaurant management. A mail and telephone survey of area employers in the restaurant and hotel field demonstrated a need for, interest in, and willingness to provide internships for such a program.…

    1. Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Russell, Beth S.

      2010-01-01

      In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

    2. Selling Out Mothers and Babies by Marsha Walker

      PubMed Central

      Sandra M., Gossler

      2003-01-01

      The monitoring project reported in Marsha Walker's book, Selling Out Mothers and Babies, offers a qualitative assessment of formula companies' unethical marketing practices in the United States. The book presents extensive documentation on the questionable strategies of formula companies and how they avoid and circumvent recommendations of the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes.

    3. Cannonballs and Baby's Bowls: How Context and Gender Affect

      E-print Network

      Wu, Mingshen

      physics contexts: Baseball/Sports Cannons/Military Tools Abstract, context-less problems WednesdayCannonballs and Baby's Bowls: How Context and Gender Affect Physics Tests Laura McCu!ough University of Wisconsin-Stout Physics Department Wednesday, October 13, 2010 #12;Women and the Physics

    4. The Maximal Subgroups of the Baby Monster, I

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Robert A. Wilson

      1999-01-01

      In this paper we describe the completion of the determination of the maximal subgroups of the Baby Monster simple group. Our results are proved using computer calculations with matrix generators for the group. The full details of the calculations will appear elsewhere

    5. The 2030 Problem: Caring for Aging Baby Boomers

      Microsoft Academic Search

      James R. Knickman; Emily K. Snell

      2002-01-01

      Objective. To assess the coming challenges of caring for large numbers of frail elderly as the Baby Boom generation ages. Study Setting. Ar eview of economic and demographic data as well as simulations of projected socioeconomic and demographic patterns in the year 2030 form the basis of a review of the challenges related to caring for seniors that need to

    6. We've Come a Long Way, Baby!

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

      Students discuss several human reproductive technologies available today — pregnancy ultrasound, amniocentesis, in-vitro fertilization and labor anesthetics. They learn how each technology works, and that these are ways engineers have worked to improve the health of expecting mothers and babies.

    7. Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

      This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

    8. Innovative design of industrial-academic cooperation in baby products

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Ruilin Lin; Jingchen Xie

      2010-01-01

      We got the chance to cooperate with a baby product manufacturer in central Taiwan for this study after paying a personal visit. Students from the Commercial Design Department of a technology university were guided to create innovative designs for products according to the manufacturer's requirements. The industrial-academic cooperation generally helped the teachers and students gained a better understanding of problems

    9. Baby corn, green ear, and grain yield of corn cultivars

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Itala Paula de C. Almeida; Paulo Sérgio L. e Silva; Maria Z. de Negreiros; Zenaide Barbosa

      2005-01-01

      Most maize cultivars have been developed for grain production. Because superior cultivars may differ in their exploiting purposes, interest has been demonstrated for the evaluation of corn cultivars with regard to their baby corn, green ear, and grain yields production ability. In the present work ten corn cultivars (AG 405, AG 1051, AG 2060, AG 6690, AG 7575, AG 8080,

    10. Effect of frozen storage on nutritional composition of baby corn

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Santosh Hooda; Asha Kawatra

      2012-01-01

      Purpose – Baby corn (Zea mays) is young, finger-like, unfertilized cobs of maize with one to three centimeters of emerged silk, preferably harvested within 24 hours of silk emergence depending upon the growing season. It is a very perishable vegetable and hence the purpose of this present study is to standardize the freezing method for extending the shelf life of

    11. Baby Boomers in an Active Adult Retirement Community: Comity Interrupted

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Roth, Erin G.; Keimig, Lynn; Rubinstein, Robert L.; Morgan, Leslie; Eckert, J. Kevin; Goldman, Susan; Peeples, Amanda D.

      2012-01-01

      Purpose of the Study: This article explores a clash between incoming Baby Boomers and older residents in an active adult retirement community (AARC). We examine issues of social identity and attitudes as these groups encounter each other. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from a multiyear ethnographic study of social relations in senior housing.…

    12. Challenging Our Assumptions: Helping a Baby Adjust to Center Care.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Elliot, Enid

      2003-01-01

      Contends that assumptions concerning infants' adjustment to child center care need to be tempered with attention to observation, thought, and commitment to each individual baby. Describes the Options Daycare program for pregnant teens and young mothers. Presents a case study illustrating the need for openness in strategy and planning for…

    13. Baby Boomers Mature and Gerontological Counseling Comes of Age

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Maples, Mary Finn; Abney, Paul C.

      2006-01-01

      Gerontological counseling is the wave of the profession's future. With the majority of 76 million baby boomers beginning to turn 60 years old in 2006, there will be a great need for preretirement to end-of-life counselors. This article focuses on (a) the varied influences of this group on the U.S. and the nation's concerns and (b) theories,…

    14. Brave New Baby in the Brave New World

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Betty Jean Lifton

      1988-01-01

      Society would be wise to ponder the psychology of the adopted in order to gain some insights into what the psychological makeup of the brave new baby might be. Whatever combinations of reproduction and parenting we make, we should relinquish the secrecy that has been the scourge of the adoption system.

    15. Sign Language with Babies: What Difference Does It Make?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Barnes, Susan Kubic

      2010-01-01

      Teaching sign language--to deaf or other children with special needs or to hearing children with hard-of-hearing family members--is not new. Teaching sign language to typically developing children has become increasingly popular since the publication of "Baby Signs"[R] (Goodwyn & Acredolo, 1996), now in its third edition. Attention to signing with…

    16. Baby boomer retirement and the future of dentistry

      Microsoft Academic Search

      DJ Schofield; SL Fletcher

      2007-01-01

      Background: The dental workforce, like the Australian population, is ageing. As the large baby boomer cohort retires dental shortages will likely increase. Methods: Australian Bureau of Statistics census data from 1986 to 2001 were used to examine ageing of the dental workforce and attrition of dentists aged 50 years and over. The number of dentists to retire was projected over

    17. Know Yourself: Building Relationships with Teenagers and Their Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

      2007-01-01

      This article provides general guidelines for home visitors who work with teenage parents and their babies to explore their own thoughts and feelings in relation to the young parents with whom they work and to develop a receptive posture in working with these clients. The authors first guide the reader through a series of questions to identify the…

    18. Increase in cerebral palsy in normal birthweight babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      S N Jarvis; J S Holloway; E N Hey

      1985-01-01

      A register has been compiled of the 421 children with congenital cerebral palsy born between 1960 and 1975 from a defined geographical area of North East England (population 770 000). There was a fall in the rate of cerebral palsy among very low birthweight babies between 1964 and 1975 and also in the small group with dyskinetic cerebral palsy. The

    19. How much wrapping do babies need at night?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      R E Wigfield; P J Fleming; Y E Azaz; T E Howell; D E Jacobs; P S Nadin; R McCabe; A J Stewart

      1993-01-01

      In a longitudinal, population based study, overnight temperature recordings were made in the bedrooms of 152 babies aged 3-18 weeks and the insulation provided by their bedclothing was assessed. Outdoor temperatures for the study nights were also available. Parents applied more insulation on colder nights with lower bedroom temperatures than on warmer nights (mean 8.5 tog at 15 degrees C

    20. Ritualized Embarrassment at "Coed" Wedding and Baby Showers.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Braithwaite, Dawn O.

      1995-01-01

      Finds that women embarrassed men at "coed" wedding and baby showers by teasing and causing them to look unpoised, and that men used avoidance, humor, remediation, and justification strategies. Adds a new strategy, compliance, to previous frameworks to explain males' reaction to embarrassment. Discusses the importance of context and degree of…

    1. Fossil energy usage for the production of baby leaves

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Nicola Castoldi; Luca Bechini; Antonio Ferrante

      2011-01-01

      The cultivation of fresh-cut crops is shifting from traditional systems in open fields to soilless cropping systems in greenhouses. As a result, the energy requirements of crop cultivation are increasing rapidly. In this study, we analysed the economic and energetic performance of four baby leaf species (lettuce, rocket, spinach, and lamb’s lettuce) cultivated in a greenhouse under floating system. Four

    2. A natural construction of Borcherds' Fake Baby Monster Lie Algebra

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Gerald Hohnand; Nils R. Scheithauer

      2003-01-01

      We use a Z_2-orbifold of the vertex operator algebra associated to the Niemeier lattice with root lattice A_3^8 and the no-ghost theorem of string theory to construct a generalized Kac-Moody algebra. Borcherds' theory of automorphic products allows us to determine the simple roots and identify the algebra with the fake baby monster Lie algebra.

    3. Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bradley, Ben S.

      1994-01-01

      Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of Darwin's…

    4. Baby, It's in Your Smile: Infant Emotional Expressions Show

      E-print Network

      Baby, It's in Your Smile: Infant Emotional Expressions Show Right Hemiface Bias, Specific to Lower Face* Catherine T. Bestt and Heidi F. Queentt The novel finding is reported that infants' emotional were minimized by restricting judgments to the configuration of eyes/brows, mouth and nose, the infants

    5. Just a Talking Book? Word Learning from Watching Baby Videos

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Robb, Michael B.; Richert, Rebekah A.; Wartella, Ellen A.

      2009-01-01

      This study examined the relationship between viewing an infant DVD and expressive and receptive language outcomes. Children between 12 and 15 months were randomly assigned to view "Baby Wordsworth," a DVD highlighting words around the house marketed for children beginning at 12 months of age. Viewings took place in home settings over 6 weeks.…

    6. Birth Parents Who Relinquished Babies for Adoption Revisited.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pannor, Reuben; And Others

      1978-01-01

      This paper reports on research addressed to the attitudes and feelings of birth parents years after they relinquished babies for adoption. It discusses reasons for relinquishment, parental fantasies about the child, parental interest in reunion with the child, and parental feelings about opening the sealed records. Advocates reunion and research.…

    7. Care of Baby Chicks1 Christopher DeCubellis2

      E-print Network

      Watson, Craig A.

      AN-170 Care of Baby Chicks1 Christopher DeCubellis2 1. This document is Series AN-170 one people enjoy ordering chicks from a hatchery or purchasing young chicks from a feed store. These chicks to young chicks in order for them to survive and grow into healthy adults. Care of Chicks Chicks

    8. Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Page, Jools

      2011-01-01

      This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

    9. Hospital Greenspace Lawson Memorial Hospital,

      E-print Network

      in the surrounding local community. This reduced the number to 15 facilities. Each of these was visited to ground in the Highlands where the greening of hospital space should be piloted. The clear ambition of the local community support Clinical credibility Community buy in Environmental expertise Project management support Funding

    10. Impact of hydroxyurea on clinical events in the BABY HUG trial

      PubMed Central

      Files, Beatrice A.; Luo, Zhaoyu; Miller, Scott T.; Kalpatthi, Ram; Iyer, Rathi; Seaman, Phillip; Lebensburger, Jeffrey; Alvarez, Ofelia; Thompson, Bruce; Ware, Russell E.; Wang, Winfred C.

      2012-01-01

      The Pediatric Hydroxyurea Phase 3 Clinical Trial (BABY HUG) was a phase 3 multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of hydroxyurea in infants (beginning at 9-18 months of age) with sickle cell anemia. An important secondary objective of this study was to compare clinical events between the hydroxyurea and placebo groups. One hundred and ninety-three subjects were randomized to hydroxyurea (20 mg/kg/d) or placebo; there were 374 patient-years of on-study observation. Hydroxyurea was associated with statistically significantly lower rates of initial and recurrent episodes of pain, dactylitis, acute chest syndrome, and hospitalization; even infants who were asymptomatic at enrollment had less dactylitis as well as fewer hospitalizations and transfusions if treated with hydroxyurea. Despite expected mild myelosuppression, hydroxyurea was not associated with an increased risk of bacteremia or serious infection. These data provide important safety and efficacy information for clinicians considering hydroxyurea therapy for very young children with sickle cell anemia. This clinical trial is registered with the National Institutes of Health (NCT00006400, www.clinicaltrials.gov). PMID:22915643

    11. The 2030 Problem: Caring for Aging Baby Boomers

      PubMed Central

      Knickman, James R; Snell, Emily K

      2002-01-01

      Objective To assess the coming challenges of caring for large numbers of frail elderly as the Baby Boom generation ages. Study Setting A review of economic and demographic data as well as simulations of projected socioeconomic and demographic patterns in the year 2030 form the basis of a review of the challenges related to caring for seniors that need to be faced by society. Study Design A series of analyses are used to consider the challenges related to caring for elders in the year 2030: (1) measures of macroeconomic burden are developed and analyzed, (2) the literatures on trends in disability, payment approaches for long-term care, healthy aging, and cultural views of aging are analyzed and synthesized, and(3)simulations of future income and assets patterns of the Baby Boom generation are developed. Principal Findings The economic burden of aging in 2030 should be no greater than the economic burden associated with raising large numbers of baby boom children in the 1960s. The real challenges of caring for the elderly in 2030 will involve: (1) making sure society develops payment and insurance systems for long-term care that work better than existing ones, (2) taking advantage of advances in medicine and behavioral health to keep the elderly as healthy and active as possible, (3) changing the way society organizes community services so that care is more accessible, and (4) altering the cultural view of aging to make sure all ages are integrated into the fabric of community life. Conclusions To meet the long-term care needs of Baby Boomers, social and public policy changes must begin soon. Meeting the financial and social service burdens of growing numbers of elders will not be a daunting task if necessary changes are made now rather than when Baby Boomers actually need long-term care. PMID:12236388

    12. Children's Hospitals Directory

      MedlinePLUS

      ... medicine Rheumatology – joints and connective tissue Sleep medicine Sports medicine Transplant hepatology Care Delivery Programs: Allergy/asthma ... Medicaid, SCHIP, Title V) Shaken baby syndrome prevention Sports/recreation safety Tobacco and substance use prevention Water ...

    13. Virtual Hospital

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Provided and maintained by the University of Iowa Health Care, the Virtual Hospital is designed as a "medical reference and health promotion tool for health care providers and patients." To that end, the site offers current and authoritative medical information for patients and professional and pedagogical information for health care providers. The former includes patient educational briefs browseable by organ system or by a topical list, a collection of peer-reviewed and annotated Web resources, an internal search engine, and archives of a column offering medical advice to middle-aged users. Resources in the health care provider section include several digital libraries aimed at certain specialties (Pediatrics, Pediatric Radiology, Family Medicine, and Medical Student); multimedia textbooks and teaching files grouped by organ system; lectures and publications; and clinical practice guidelines. Additional resources at the site include links to the Virtual Children's and Virtual Naval Hospitals, an internal search engine, and online continuing education courses.

    14. Beam Test Data Analysis of the Beam Test Data Analysis of the JLCCDC baby Chamber JLCCDC baby Chamber

      Microsoft Academic Search

      H. Goo; D. Arogancia; J. Magallanes; A. Bacal; K. Fujii

      Studying the higgs boson needs a high resolution tracker. The baby chamber was fabricated with the same cell structure as the current design of the central drift chamber of the Joint Linear Collider. Its performance is studied by looking at the wire efficiency, spatial resolution and twotrack separation capability using an analysis software package already incorporated into the Joint Linear

    15. Breastfeeding is the ideal way to feed babies. It also helps keep your baby from getting sick as often. Breastfeeding

      E-print Network

      Nutrition Specialist, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, 3/09 MSU is an affirmative1013 NUTRITION DURING BREASTFEEDING Mothers who are breastfeeding should continue to eat a healthy dietHoulD you BreastfeeD? The American Academy of Pediatrics says that breastmilk is all the nutrition your baby

    16. A Parallel Architecture for Disk-Based Computing over the Baby Monster and Other Large Finite Simple Groups

      E-print Network

      Cooperman, Gene

      A Parallel Architecture for Disk-Based Computing over the Baby Monster and Other Large Monster, the next Baby Monster is now feasible using the distributedtdisksooflaast in the ladder,* * had for computingboverytes of memory, a per* *mutation representation for the Baby the Baby Monster where previously only

    17. Going to the Hospital

      MedlinePLUS

      ... or music player with earphones Before a Planned Hospital Stay Keep in mind that hospitals are not ... a short time in the hospital. During the Hospital Stay While the person with Alzheimer’s is in ...

    18. A Parents' Guide for Well-Baby Care and Minor Hospitalizations.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Luchini, Alice, Ed.

      This manual offers practical guidelines for many of the concerns that parents have about their infants and toddlers. The manual is divided into seven chapters; each is written by an expert in the field of pediatrics, early childhood education, nutrition, or family care. The following areas are covered: (1) newborn and infant care; (2) growth and…

    19. Mark Twain's Secret Mission to the London Hospital

      Microsoft Academic Search

      John Y. Le Bourgeois; Jonathan Evans

      2008-01-01

      Early 1897 found Mark Twain in London, deeply depressed over the unexpected death of his daughter Susy. Reluctantly he agreed to join his friend Adele Chapin on a surprise visit to the London Hospital. The day's rollicking, perfectly paced events spun their magic in the sick ward and beyond.

    20. Helping small babies survive: an evaluation of facility-based Kangaroo Mother Care implementation progress in Uganda

      PubMed Central

      Aliganyira, Patrick; Kerber, Kate; Davy, Karen; Gamache, Nathalie; Sengendo, Namaala Hanifah; Bergh, Anne-Marie

      2014-01-01

      Introduction Prematurity is the leading cause of newborn death in Uganda, accounting for 38% of the nation's 39,000 annual newborn deaths. Kangaroo mother care is a high-impact; cost-effective intervention that has been prioritized in policy in Uganda but implementation has been limited. Methods A standardised, cross-sectional, mixed-method evaluation design was used, employing semi-structured key-informant interviews and observations in 11 health care facilities implementing kangaroo mother care in Uganda. Results The facilities visited scored between 8.28 and 21.72 out of the possible 30 points with a median score of 14.71. Two of the 3 highest scoring hospitals were private, not-for-profit hospitals whereas the second highest scoring hospital was a central teaching hospital. Facilities with KMC services are not equally distributed throughout the country. Only 4 regions (Central 1, Central 2, East-Central and Southwest) plus the City of Kampala were identified as having facilities providing KMC services. Conclusion KMC services are not instituted with consistent levels of quality and are often dependent on private partner support. With increasing attention globally and in country, Uganda is in a unique position to accelerate access to and quality of health services for small babies across the country. PMID:25667699

    1. Your Body After Baby: The First 6 Weeks

      MedlinePLUS

      ... can do Ask your provider about over-the-counter medicine you can take for pain. What body changes ... with him before you take any over-the-counter medicine for pain. Ask your partner, family and friends ...

    2. Born too small: who survives in the public hospitals in Lilongwe, Malawi?

      PubMed Central

      Ahlsén, Anna Karin; Spong, Elinor; Kafumba, Nomsa; Kamwendo, Francis; Wolff, Kerstin

      2015-01-01

      Objective Malawi has the highest estimated preterm birth rate in the world. The survival rate of these babies is not known. The main objective of this study was to demonstrate the short-term survival of infants with birth weight below 2500?g nursed in Bwaila Hospital, a district hospital, and the tertiary level Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. The specific objectives were to calculate birth weight specific survival rates, compare the two hospitals regarding the chances of survival and review the use of antenatal corticosteroids. Design 1496 babies were included prospectively in the study between June and November 2012. Survival was defined as discharge from the nursery or postnatal ward. Results Survival was 7% for extremely low birth weight infants, 52% for very low birth weight and 90% for low birth weight (1500–2499 g). There was a marked increase in survival from 1100?g. Survival was significantly higher in KCH only for babies weighing below 1200?g. The majority of deaths occurred within the first 3?days of life. Only 98 of the babies had a mother who had received antenatal corticosteroids. Conclusions With the current resources, we suggest focusing efforts on preventing early neonatal deaths in low birth weight infants above 1100?g in the hospitals in Lilongwe. The coverage of antenatal steroids for mothers at risk of preterm delivery can be improved. Further studies are needed on the quality of the obstetric and neonatal care at the hospitals and how to reduce the high rate of preterm birth in Malawi. PMID:25516259

    3. Anaerobic Cultures from Preserved Tissues of Baby Mammoth

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Pikuta, Elena V.; Hoover, Richard B.; Fisher, Daniel

      2011-01-01

      Microbiological analysis of several cold-preserved tissue samples from the Siberian baby mammoth known as Lyuba revealed a number of culturable bacterial strains that were grown on anaerobic media at 4 C. Lactic acid produced by LAB (lactic acid bacteria) group, usually by members of the genera Carnobacterium and Lactosphera, appears to be a wonderful preservative that prevents other bacteria from over-dominating a system. Permafrost and lactic acid preserved the body of this one-month old baby mammoth and kept it in exceptionally good condition, resulting in this mammoth being the most complete such specimen ever recovered. The diversity of novel anaerobic isolates was expressed on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic levels. Here we discuss the specifics of the isolation of new strains, differentiation from trivial contamination, and preliminary results for the characterization of cultures.

    4. Development of the e-Baby serious game with regard to the evaluation of oxygenation in preterm babies: contributions of the emotional design.

      PubMed

      Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Dias, Danielle Monteiro Vilela; Góes, Fernanda Dos Santos Nogueira; Seixas, Carlos Alberto; Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan; Martins, José Carlos Amado; Rodrigues, Manuel Alves

      2014-09-01

      The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs a clinical evaluation of the respiratory process in a virtual preterm infant. The user learns about the preterm baby's history, chooses the tools for the clinical evaluation, evaluates the baby, and determines whether his/her evaluation is appropriate. The e-Baby game presents phases that contain respiratory process impairments of higher or lower complexity in the virtual preterm baby. Included links give the user the option of recording the entire evaluation procedure and sharing his/her performance on a social network. e-Baby integrates a Clinical Evaluation of the Preterm Baby course in the Moodle virtual environment. This game, which evaluates the respiratory process in preterm infants, could support a more flexible, attractive, and interactive teaching and learning process that includes simulations with features very similar to neonatal unit realities, thus allowing more appropriate training for clinical oxygenation evaluations in at-risk preterm infants. e-Baby allows advanced user-technology-educational interactions because it requires active participation in the process and is emotionally integrated. PMID:25010051

    5. I Just Had a Baby, at Age 68 Well, o.k., she was not a terribly impressive baby, less than 6 inches long, delivered by

      E-print Network

      Hansen, James E.

      only local anesthesia ­ maybe because I knew the baby would be ugly ­ but I asked about her as soon!), it snapped. Hence the need for a (minor) operation to remove the ugly baby, which my body had decided-in disastrous outcomes for young people. Among other things. [A solution must attack the fundamental problem

    6. Incontinentia pigmenti in a Black baby: a case report.

      PubMed

      Baker, R; Baker, S

      1978-01-01

      This is a case report of a Black baby girl who presented at the age of 7 days with incontinentia pigmenti. While the classic 3 phases of inflammation, hyperkeratosis, and irregular pigmentation are the rule, this patient demonstrates an accepted variation, presenting with irregular pigmentation without having gone through the other phases. Ninety-five per cent of the described cases have been in females. A negative family history, as in this case, is not unusual. PMID:644407

    7. Sex and Babies: Pregnant Couples' Postnatal Sexual Concerns

      PubMed Central

      Polomeno, Viola

      1999-01-01

      What are pregnant couples' concerns regarding their sexual relationship after their baby's arrival? A study in regard to this question was conducted with five prenatal groups (n = 82). Its results are presented in this article. The sexual concerns are categorized as being about physical matters, psychological issues, adaptation issues, and anticipatory planning. A review of the literature then develops the theoretical interpretation of each of the sexual concerns and offers suggestions for childbirth educators to address some of these issues. PMID:22988416

    8. Do mothers want professional carers to love their babies?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Jools Page

      2011-01-01

      This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that ‘love’ played in mothers’ decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce (DfES, 2004; HMT, 2009). This is

    9. No Matter What, We Are Friends

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Sara Bunch

      2012-01-01

      This children's book was written for third and fourth graders, but the audience extends to the parents of these children as well. The book describes the life of one deaf girl and one hearing girl who become friends at their elementary school. They defeat the odds of society looking down on the deaf girl and are still friends despite discrimination.

    10. Students' Facebook ‘friends’: public and private spheres

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Anne West; Jane Lewis; Peter Currie

      2009-01-01

      Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of ‘friends’. This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student users of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as Facebook friends, and the attitudes towards such friendships and potential friendships

    11. A Parent's Guide To Family-Friendly

      E-print Network

      Barrash, Warren

      the quality of child care. One such project, called the Family-Friendly Child Care Study, was recentlyA Parent's Guide To Family-Friendly Child Care Centers #12;HOW DOES A GOOD CHILD CARE CENTER BECOME A GREAT CHILD CARE CENTER? How does a good child care center become a great child care center? It doesn

    12. A FRIEND for assisting handicapped people

      Microsoft Academic Search

      CHRISTIAN MARTENS; NILS RUCHEL; OLIVER LANG; OLEG IVLEV; AXEL GRÄSER

      2001-01-01

      The semiautonomous robotic system “FRIEND” consists of an electric wheelchair with the robot arm MANUS. Both devices are controlled by a computer. The user interface consists of a flat screen and a speech interface. The system is for use by persons with upper limb impairments as well as disability of the legs. FRIEND's hardware and software are described. The current

    13. Hospitals for sale.

      PubMed

      Costello, Michael M; West, Daniel J; Ramirez, Bernardo

      2011-01-01

      The pace of hospital merger and acquisition activity reflects the economic theory of supply and demand: Publicly traded hospital companies, private equity funds, and large nonprofit hospital systems are investing capital to purchase and operate freestanding community hospitals at a time when many of those hospitals find themselves short of capital reserves and certain forms of management expertise. But the sale of those community hospitals also raises questions about the impact of absentee ownership on the communities which those hospitals serve. PMID:21864058

    14. Impact of private health insurance incentives on obstetric outcomes in NSW hospitals.

      PubMed

      Shorten, Brett; Shorten, Allison

      2004-01-01

      The purpose of this study is to analyse the impact of changes in Australian private health insurance coverage as seen in NSW public and private hospital birth profies, and identify trends in obstetric outcomes from 1997-2001. NSW Midwives Data Collection unit record data is analysed for women who gave birth to a live singleton baby of term gestation (> or = 37 weeks) and cephalic presentation in NSW hospitals during 1997- 2001. Use of private hospitals for childbirth has increased in conjunction with increases in private health insurance coverage. Although some obstetric interventions have increased for both public and private hospitals over time, clinical factors do not explain the large differences in birth interventions and outcomes between NSW public and private hospitals. Incentives to increase private health insurance coverage appear to be having a negative impact on childbirth, in terms of higher birth intervention and operative birth rates in NSW private hospitals. PMID:15362294

    15. Epidural anaesthesia through caudal catheters for inguinal herniotomies in awake ex-premature babies.

      PubMed

      Peutrell, J M; Hughes, D G

      1993-02-01

      Ex-premature babies are at risk of apnoea after surgery. Regional anaesthesia has been used as an alternative to general anaesthesia for some surgical procedures in the belief that it may be safer. However, single dose caudal epidural and subarachnoid anaesthetics have a duration of action which may be insufficient for some operations. The level and duration of anaesthesia can be extended if local anaesthetic is given through an epidural catheter. In addition, the dose needed to provide adequate anaesthesia may be lower because the local anaesthetic is given at an appropriate segmental level. We report our experience of caudal epidural anaesthesia in nine, awake ex-premature babies who were having inguinal herniotomies. The anaesthesia was excellent in six babies. Two babies cried briefly with peritoneal or spermatic cord traction. One other baby needed supplementation with nitrous oxide in oxygen in order to complete the surgery. The majority of babies slept throughout surgery. There were no reported postoperative complications. PMID:8460759

    16. Low Birth Weight at Term and Its Determinants in a Tertiary Hospital of Nepal: A Case-Control Study

      PubMed Central

      Sharma, Sudesh Raj; Giri, Smith; Timalsina, Utsav; Bhandari, Sanjiv Sudarshan; Basyal, Bikash; Wagle, Kusum; Shrestha, Laxman

      2015-01-01

      Birth weight of a child is an important indicator of its vulnerability for childhood illness and chances of survival. A large number of infant deaths can be averted by appropriate management of low birth weight babies and prevention of factors associated with low birth weight. The prevalence of low birth weight babies in Nepal is estimated to be about 12-32%.Our study aimed at identifying major determinants of low birth weight among term babies in Nepal. A hospital-based retrospective case control study was conducted in maternity ward of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital from February to July 2011. A total of 155 LBW babies and 310 controls were included in the study. Mothers admitted to maternity ward during the study period were interviewed, medical records were assessed and anthropometric measurements were done. Risk factors, broadly classified into proximal and distal factors, were assessed for any association with birth of low-birth weight babies. Regression analysis revealed that a history of premature delivery (adjusted odds ratio; aOR5.24, CI 1.05-26.28), hard physical work during pregnancy (aOR1.48, CI 0.97-2.26), younger age of mother (aOR1.98, CI 1.15-3.41), mothers with haemoglobin level less than 11gm/dl (aOR0.51, CI0.24-1.07) and lack of consumption of nutritious food during pregnancy (aOR1.99, CI 1.28-3.10) were significantly associated with the birth of LBW babies. These factors should be addressed with appropriate measures so as to decrease the prevalence of low birth weight among term babies in Nepal. PMID:25853813

    17. Low birth weight at term and its determinants in a tertiary hospital of Nepal: a case-control study.

      PubMed

      Sharma, Sudesh Raj; Giri, Smith; Timalsina, Utsav; Bhandari, Sanjiv Sudarshan; Basyal, Bikash; Wagle, Kusum; Shrestha, Laxman

      2015-01-01

      Birth weight of a child is an important indicator of its vulnerability for childhood illness and chances of survival. A large number of infant deaths can be averted by appropriate management of low birth weight babies and prevention of factors associated with low birth weight. The prevalence of low birth weight babies in Nepal is estimated to be about 12-32%.Our study aimed at identifying major determinants of low birth weight among term babies in Nepal. A hospital-based retrospective case control study was conducted in maternity ward of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital from February to July 2011. A total of 155 LBW babies and 310 controls were included in the study. Mothers admitted to maternity ward during the study period were interviewed, medical records were assessed and anthropometric measurements were done. Risk factors, broadly classified into proximal and distal factors, were assessed for any association with birth of low-birth weight babies. Regression analysis revealed that a history of premature delivery (adjusted odds ratio; aOR5.24, CI 1.05-26.28), hard physical work during pregnancy (aOR1.48, CI 0.97-2.26), younger age of mother (aOR1.98, CI 1.15-3.41), mothers with haemoglobin level less than 11gm/dl (aOR0.51, CI0.24-1.07) and lack of consumption of nutritious food during pregnancy (aOR1.99, CI 1.28-3.10) were significantly associated with the birth of LBW babies. These factors should be addressed with appropriate measures so as to decrease the prevalence of low birth weight among term babies in Nepal. PMID:25853813

    18. On the action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group on its conjugacy class 2B

      E-print Network

      Mueller, Jürgen

      On the action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group on its conjugacy class 2B J¨urgen M with the multiplicity-free action of the sporadic simple Baby Monster group B on its conjugacy class 2B, where the cen of the Baby Monster group B, i. e. the second largest of the sporadic simple groups, on its conjugacy class 2B

    19. Furan content in Spanish baby foods and its relation with potential precursors

      Microsoft Academic Search

      M. Mesías; E. Guerra-Hernández; B. García-Villanova

      2012-01-01

      The presence of furan in commercial fruit- and vegetable-based jarred baby food was studied. Furan values ranged from 7.7 to 32.1 ?g\\/kg in fruit-based baby food and from 10.9 to 143.0 ?g\\/kg in vegetable-based baby food. The higher furan content in the latter case may be related to either greater ascorbic acid degradation or furfural content in these samples. This could be

    20. Baby Schema in Infant Faces Induces Cuteness Perception and Motivation for Caretaking in Adults

      PubMed Central

      Glocker, Melanie L.; Langleben, Daniel D.; Ruparel, Kosha; Loughead, James W.; Gur, Ruben C.; Sachser, Norbert

      2012-01-01

      Ethologist Konrad Lorenz proposed that baby schema (‘Kindchenschema’) is a set of infantile physical features such as the large head, round face and big eyes that is perceived as cute and motivates caretaking behavior in other individuals, with the evolutionary function of enhancing offspring survival. Previous work on this fundamental concept was restricted to schematic baby representations or correlative approaches. Here, we experimentally tested the effects of baby schema on the perception of cuteness and the motivation for caretaking using photographs of infant faces. Employing quantitative techniques, we parametrically manipulated the baby schema content to produce infant faces with high (e.g. round face and high forehead), and low (e. g. narrow face and low forehead) baby schema features that retained all the characteristics of a photographic portrait. Undergraduate students (n = 122) rated these infants’ cuteness and their motivation to take care of them. The high baby schema infants were rated as more cute and elicited stronger motivation for caretaking than the unmanipulated and the low baby schema infants. This is the first experimental proof of the baby schema effects in actual infant faces. Our findings indicate that the baby schema response is a critical function of human social cognition that may be the basis of caregiving and have implications for infant–caretaker interactions. PMID:22267884

    1. The acceptability and feasibility of the Baby Triple P Positive Parenting Programme on a mother and baby unit: Q-methodology with mothers with severe mental illness.

      PubMed

      Butler, Hannah; Hare, Dougal; Walker, Samantha; Wieck, Angelika; Wittkowski, Anja

      2014-10-01

      New mothers with severe mental illness (SMI) frequently experience significant difficulties in caring for their babies. There are no structured, evidence-based interventions that guide health professionals to help these women improve early parenting. The extensively researched and effective Triple P Positive Parenting Programme has recently been expanded to families with children less than 1 year old, which provides an opportunity to develop the intervention for women with severe postnatal mental illness. This study explored the views of mothers with SMI about the acceptability and feasibility of Baby Triple P (Baby TP) in the setting of a psychiatric Mother and Baby Unit (MBU). An 88-item Q-sort was conducted with a purposive sample of 15 mothers using Q-methodology. Three main factors were identified: 'what we need', 'what we want' and 'we can do it'. A consensus was noted with general agreement about the benefits of Baby TP, and suitability of the MBU environment to accommodate Baby TP. Baby TP was viewed as an acceptable and feasible parenting intervention and deemed positive and non-stigmatising. Mothers requested more staff awareness and knowledge about the programme so that they were supported in learning and generalising skills. PMID:24827076

    2. The Case of the Crying Baby Surgical vs. Medical Management

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Kari A. Mergenhagen

      2003-01-01

      The parents of a six-week-old baby girl know there is something seriously wrong with their child, but it takes a number of frustrating visits to the pediatrician before they finally get a correct diagnosis. Once they do, the parents must decide whether they want to seek a surgical solution or rely on a course of medical treatment for their daughter. Best suited for classes in pharmacology, nursing, or medicine, this case could also be used in a basic biology or anatomy course.

    3. Field-Friendly Tuberculosis Biosensor

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Proper, Nathan; Stone, Jeremy; Jevsevar, Kristen L.; Scherman, Michael; McNeil, Michael R.; Krapf, Diego

      2010-03-01

      Tuberculosis is a fading threat in the United States, but in the developing world it is still a major health-care concern. With the rising number of cases and lack of resources, there is a desperate need for an affordable, portable detection system. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of a field-friendly immunological biosensor that utilizes florescence and specialized surface chemistries. We observe fluorescently labeled antibodies as they bind to a glass slide. Slides are treated with biotinylated polyethylene glycol to inhibit non-specific interactions and facilitate the binding of primary antibodies allowing for a high degree of specificity. Solutions of tuberculosis-specific antigens where mixed with fluorescently labeled secondary antibodies and incubated on the treated surfaces. An array of different concentrations of antigens bound to fluorescent tags is then read in an epifluorescnece microscope. This assay was used in the portable detector to show that higher concentrations of bound labeled antigens produce a greater emission when excited by a HeNe laser. Home-built electronics, off-the-shelf optics, and a Si photodiode (PD) were used. The data collected from multiple concentrations show a measurable photocurrent. Work is now underway to incorporate a avalanche (PD), flow-cell technology, in a portable box.

    4. Dose-Response Effects of the Text4baby Mobile Health Program: Randomized Controlled Trial

      PubMed Central

      Nielsen, Peter E; Szekely, Daniel R; Bihm, Jasmine W; Murray, Elizabeth A; Snider, Jeremy; Abroms, Lorien C

      2015-01-01

      Background Mobile health (mHealth) is growing rapidly, but more studies are needed on how to optimize programs, including optimal timing of messaging, dose of exposure, and value of interactive features. This study evaluates final outcomes of text4baby (a text message service for pregnant and postpartum women) from a randomized trial performed in a population of pregnant female soldiers and family members. Objective The study aims were to evaluate (1) treatment effects and (2) dose-response effects of text4baby on behavioral outcomes compared to control (no text4baby) condition. Methods The study was a randomized trial of text4baby at Madigan Army Medical Center. Female military health beneficiaries who met inclusion criteria were eligible for the study. Participants provided consent, completed a baseline questionnaire, and then were randomized to enroll in text4baby or not. They were followed up at 3 time points thereafter through delivery of their baby. Generalized estimating equation models were used to evaluate outcomes. We examined treatment effects and the effects of higher doses of text4baby messages on outcomes. Results We report descriptive statistics including dosage of text messages delivered. The main finding was a significant effect of high exposure to text4baby on self-reported alcohol consumption postpartum (OR 0.212, 95% CI 0.046-0.973, P=.046), as measured by the question “Since you found out about your pregnancy, have you consumed alcoholic beverages?” The text4baby participants also reported lower quantities of alcohol consumed postpartum. Conclusions Studies of text4baby have helped to build the mHealth evidence base. The effects of text4baby offer lessons for future scalable mHealth programs and suggest the need to study dose-response effects of these interventions. PMID:25630361

    5. A friendly introduction to Noncommutative Geometry

      E-print Network

      Sitarz, Andrzej

      GEOMETRY ALGEBRA vector bundle finitely generated projective module differential forms differential formsA friendly introduction to Noncommutative Geometry part II Andrzej Sitarz Zakopane, July 2013 Neumann algebra infinitesimals compact operators metric Dirac operator spinc geometry spectral triple spin

    6. Helping Family and Friends Understand Alzheimer's Disease

      MedlinePLUS

      ... react to or treat the person. Realize that family and friends often sense that something is wrong before they are told. Alzheimer’s disease is hard to keep secret. There’s no single right way to tell others ...

    7. Environmentally friendly preparation of metal nanoparticles

      EPA Science Inventory

      The book chapter summarizes the ?state of the art? in the exploitation of various environmentally-friendly synthesis approaches, reaction precursors and conditions to manufacture metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for a vast variety of purposes....

    8. The role of the neonatal nurse practitioner in the community hospital level I nursery.

      PubMed

      Hatch, Julie

      2012-01-01

      Neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) have played a significant role in providing medical coverage to many of the country's Level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Extensive education and experience are required for a nurse practitioner (NP) to become competent in caring for these critically ill newborns. The NNP can take this competence and experience and expand her role out into the community Level I nurseries. Clinical care of the infants and close communication with parents, pediatricians, and the area tertiary center provide a community service with the goal of keeping parents and babies together in the community hospital without compromising the health of the baby. The NNP service, with 24-hour nursery and delivery coverage, supports an ongoing obstetric service to the community hospital. The NNP's experience enables her to provide a neonatal service that encompasses a multitude of advanced practice nursing roles. PMID:22564309

    9. You've Come a Long Way, Baby, but...

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Fayen, Emily Gallup

      An online library system is an example of a complex computer system in that it supports a variety of users, both patrons and staff, and is made up of many intricate programs with complex relationships among them. Certain features are essential to a user friendly system: (1) users cannot get lost in the system; (2) users cannot enter illegal…

    10. Negotiating a Friends with Benefits Relationship

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Melissa A. Bisson; Timothy R. Levine

      2009-01-01

      Friends with benefits (FWB) refers to “friends” who have sex. Study 1 (N = 125) investigated the prevalence of these relationships and why individuals engaged in this relationship. Results indicated\\u000a that 60% of the individuals surveyed have had this type of relationship, that a common concern was that sex might complicate\\u000a friendships by bringing forth unreciprocated desires for romantic commitment, and ironically

    11. Can available interventions end preventable deaths in mothers, newborn babies, and stillbirths, and at what cost?

      PubMed

      Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Das, Jai K; Bahl, Rajiv; Lawn, Joy E; Salam, Rehana A; Paul, Vinod K; Sankar, M Jeeva; Sankar, Jeeva M; Blencowe, Hannah; Rizvi, Arjumand; Chou, Victoria B; Walker, Neff

      2014-07-26

      Progress in newborn survival has been slow, and even more so for reductions in stillbirths. To meet Every Newborn targets of ten or fewer neonatal deaths and ten or fewer stillbirths per 1000 births in every country by 2035 will necessitate accelerated scale-up of the most effective care targeting major causes of newborn deaths. We have systematically reviewed interventions across the continuum of care and various delivery platforms, and then modelled the effect and cost of scale-up in the 75 high-burden Countdown countries. Closure of the quality gap through the provision of effective care for all women and newborn babies delivering in facilities could prevent an estimated 113,000 maternal deaths, 531,000 stillbirths, and 1·325 million neonatal deaths annually by 2020 at an estimated running cost of US$4·5 billion per year (US$0·9 per person). Increased coverage and quality of preconception, antenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal interventions by 2025 could avert 71% of neonatal deaths (1·9 million [range 1·6-2·1 million]), 33% of stillbirths (0·82 million [0·60-0·93 million]), and 54% of maternal deaths (0·16 million [0·14-0·17 million]) per year. These reductions can be achieved at an annual incremental running cost of US$5·65 billion (US$1·15 per person), which amounts to US$1928 for each life saved, including stillbirths, neonatal, and maternal deaths. Most (82%) of this effect is attributable to facility-based care which, although more expensive than community-based strategies, improves the likelihood of survival. Most of the running costs are also for facility-based care (US$3·66 billion or 64%), even without the cost of new hospitals and country-specific capital inputs being factored in. The maximum effect on neonatal deaths is through interventions delivered during labour and birth, including for obstetric complications (41%), followed by care of small and ill newborn babies (30%). To meet the unmet need for family planning with modern contraceptives would be synergistic, and would contribute to around a halving of births and therefore deaths. Our analysis also indicates that available interventions can reduce the three most common cause of neonatal mortality--preterm, intrapartum, and infection-related deaths--by 58%, 79%, and 84%, respectively. PMID:24853604

    12. Friends of Gumbo Limbo www.gumbolimbo.org

      E-print Network

      Van Stryland, Eric

      Friends of Gumbo Limbo www.gumbolimbo.org Gumbo Limbo Nature Center, Inc. d/b/a/Friends of Gumbo this land preservation a reality. Scholarship Information Friends of Gumbo Limbo, Inc. has established;Friends of Gumbo Limbo Selection of recipients will be made by the Scholarship Committee of Gumbo Limbo

    13. How to Make Financial Aid "Freshman-Friendly"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pugh, Susan L.; Johnson, David B.

      2011-01-01

      Ultimately, making financial aid "freshman friendly" also makes financial aid "sophomore friendly," "junior friendly," and "senior friendly." Indiana University has in place an Office of Enrollment Management (OEM) model that includes focused financial aid packaging strategies complemented by unique contact services and communication interventions…

    14. Then & Now: Research Pays Off for All Americans / Dr. Virginia Apgar: Keeping Score at Baby's First Cry | NIH ...

      MedlinePLUS

      ... of Physicians and Surgeons. “Every baby born in America benefits from Dr. Apgar's pioneering work to identify ... devoted to newborn care. "Every baby born in America benefits from Dr. Apgar's pioneering work to identify ...

    15. Parental Perception of a Baby Sign Workshop on Stress and Parent-Child Interaction

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda

      2014-01-01

      Introduction: Baby sign language is gaining in popularity. However, research has indicated a lack of empirical research supporting its use. In addition, research suggests that baby sign training may increase stress levels in parents. Methods: Nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years; five months participated in a…

    16. Heat and mass transfer from a baby manikin: impact of a chemical warfare protective bag.

      PubMed

      Danielsson, Ulf

      2004-09-01

      A chemical warfare (CW) protective bag for babies, younger than 1 year, has been evaluated in respect of thermal load. Heat and water vapour dissipating from the baby make the climate in the protective bag more demanding than outside. The thermal strain on a baby was estimated from heat and mass transfer data using an electrically heated baby manikin and a water-filled tray. Furthermore, a theoretical baby model was developed based on relations valid for heat and mass transfer rates from a cylinder and flat surface. Convective and radiative (dry) and evaporative heat transfer coefficients calculated from this model agreed well with the measured values. The maximum heat dissipation from a baby was calculated for combinations of air temperatures (22-30 degrees C) and relative humidities (70-90% rh). The results indicate that a naked baby can dissipate about 100% more heat than is produced during basal conditions when the bag is ventilated (70 1 min(-1)) and the ambient climate is 30 degrees C and 90% rh. If the ventilation rate is 40 1 min(-1), the margin is reduced to 50%. Clothing reduces the margin further. Ventilating the bag with 70 1 min(-1), a dressed baby can dissipate only 10-20% more heat than is produced during basal conditions in a climate (27 degrees C and 80% rh) that is obtained in a crowded shelter after about 24 h of occupation. PMID:15150661

    17. Reading Baby Books: Medicine, Marketing, Money and the Lives of American Infants

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Janet Golden; Lynn Weiner

      2011-01-01

      This article examines American baby books from the late nineteenth through the twentieth century. Baby books are ephemeral publications—formatted with one or more printed pages for recording developmental, health, and social information about infants and often including personal observations, artifacts such as photographs or palm prints, medical and other prescriptive advice, and advertisements. For historians they serve as records of

    18. Reading Baby Books: Medicine, Marketing, Money and the Lives of American Infants

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Janet Golden; Lynn Weiner

      2011-01-01

      :This article examines American baby books from the late nineteenth through the twentieth century. Baby books are ephemeral publications—formatted with one or more printed pages for recording developmental, health, and social information about infants and often including personal observations, artifacts such as photographs or palm prints, medical and other prescriptive advice, and advertisements. For historians they serve as records of

    19. Design and implementation of baby-care service based on context-awareness for digital home

      Microsoft Academic Search

      HyunJeong Lee; Shin Young Lim; JaeDoo Huh

      2005-01-01

      In this paper, we design and implement baby-care service based on context-awareness in digital home, where sensors are widespread for collecting raw data and a home server exists for triggering automatic services according to the baby's situation. We describe a scenario and techniques, design and implement system architecture and service flows for this service. Using our scheme, we can take

    20. Baby Responsiveness as a Sex-Stereotyped Behavior: A Developmental Study.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Feldman, S. Shirley; And Others

      This study was designed to investigate male and female interest in babies at middle childhood and adolescence. A total of 64 middle class subjects (half 8- to 9-years-olds, half 14- to 15-year-olds) were observed individually in a 6-minute waiting room situation with an unfamiliar 6- to 10-month-old baby and mother (confederate). While the subject…

    1. Whose Hand Rocks the Cradle? Parallel Discourses in the Baby Room

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Powell, Sacha; Goouch, Kathy

      2012-01-01

      This article explores the practice narratives of a group of 25 caregivers who work with babies in daycare settings in England and seeks to illustrate awareness of, resistance to and compliance with powerful discourses. It is argued that multiple voices exert an influence over baby room practice, disempowering the caregivers and reducing their…

    2. America's Baby Boom Generation: The Fateful Bulge. Population Bulletin. Vol. 35, No. 1. April 1980.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bouvier, Leon F.

      This bulletin examines the baby boom, its causes, its size, and its impact on U.S. society. Nearly 42 million births occurred in the U.S. from 1955 to 1964. Several reasons are given for this baby boom which interrupted a century long fertility decline. Demographically the primary causes were more people marrying and having at least two children…

    3. Infants' Attention to Synthesised Baby Music and Original Acoustic Music

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Merkow, Carla H.; Costa-Giomi, Eugenia

      2014-01-01

      The distinct music genre known as baby music is based on the premise that infants benefit from music "re-orchestrated for their little ears" ("Baby Einstein Takealong Tunes". (2012). Retrieved December 11, 2012, from http://www.babyeinstein.com/en/products/product_explorer/theme/music/62350/Takealong_Tunes.html). We completed a…

    4. Predictors of parenting concern in a Mother and Baby Unit over a 10-year period

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Jennifer Whitmore; Jessica Heron; Gillian Wainscott

      2011-01-01

      Aims: To review the characteristics of 462 mothers consecutively admitted to a co-joined mother and baby unit and to examine the incidence and predictors of social services input and separate discharge.Method: Admissions to the Birmingham Mother and Baby Unit from 1998 to 2007 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical information, social services involvement and parenting outcome data were collected from case

    5. Oh! What a Smart Baby: What You Need to Know about Children's Brain Development

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Arnold, Renea; Colburn, Nell

      2005-01-01

      Brain research is complicated, but its message is simple: babies are born learning and what they learn is up to us. New research on infant brain development shows that a child's experiences in the first three years of life have a distinct impact on her later development and learning. Here's why. All babies are born with one organ that is not fully…

    6. The Impact of the Baby Boom Echo on U.S. Public School Enrollments. Issue Brief.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bare, John

      Children of the Baby Boom generation have set off a population explosion in U.S. schools. This dramatic enrollment growth, known as the Baby Boom echo, began in the nation's elementary schools in 1984, and elementary enrollment has increased annually since then. At the secondary level, enrollment increases began in 1991 and are expected to…

    7. Paru dans Prenatal Diagnosis, 1998, 18 :437-445. ADOPTION AND FOSTERING OF BABIES

      E-print Network

      noticed an increase in newborns with Down syndrome being placed up for adoption. The aim of this study : Down syndrome, human adoption, foster care inserm-00354600,version1-20Jan2009 #12;3 INTRODUCTION Until for adoption, showed that 12% had Down syndrome (DS). These babies represent 25.9% of total babies with DS

    8. Babies, Music and Gender: Music Playschools in Finland as Multimodal Participatory Spaces

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Leppanen, Taru

      2011-01-01

      Studies of education and childhood studies in general tend to focus on the experiences and cultures of toddlers and school-age children. The experiences and cultures of babies and infants are often excluded from the scope of the studies of children. In Gilles Deleuze's (and Felix Guattari's) thinking, a child, and especially a baby or an infant,…

    9. Basics about Babies' Brain Development = Los basicos del desarrollo del cerebro.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

      This brochure for parents, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides facts about infants' brains and offers suggestions for parents to help their baby's development by providing experiences to stimulate neural development. The facts are: (1) a baby's brain needs many different experiences to be nourished, such as being talked or sung to…

    10. For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death For more information about SIDS, contact the Safe to Sleep® campaign at 1 Development #12;Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant

    11. For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death For more information about SIDS, contact the Safe to Sleep® campaign at 1 Development #12;Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Always place your baby

    12. Effects of water supplementation on physiological jaundice in breast-fed babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      M de Carvalho; M Hall; D Harvey

      1981-01-01

      The effect of water supplementation in normal, term, breast-fed babies with physiological jaundice was studied. Water supplementation was given to 120 babies and 55 received no extra fluids. There was no significant difference between the two groups when peak serum bilirubin levels and incidence of phototherapy were compared.

    13. The Crossover Generation: Baby Boomers and the Role of the Public Library

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Sullivan, Jen

      2010-01-01

      The article explores the concept of baby boomers as a "crossover" generation, one that embodies characteristics of previous and later generations. The context is the retirement of the baby boomers and its potential impact on the public library. Ethnographic method within a constructivist framework was used, employing the techniques of focus groups…

    14. BabyZone Getting Pregnant Infertility Late Fertility Fertile Future: Women May Become More

      E-print Network

      Lummaa, Virpi

      BabyZone Getting Pregnant Infertility Late Fertility Fertile Future: Women May Become More Fertile Over Age 40 | BabyZone 14/05/2012http://www.babyzone.com/getting-pregnant/infertility/05/2012http://www.babyzone.com/getting-pregnant/infertility/peak-fertility-rate_67460 #12;Content provided

    15. A New Human Identification Protocol and Coppersmith's Baby-Step Giant-Step Algorithm

      E-print Network

      A New Human Identification Protocol and Coppersmith's Baby-Step Giant-Step Algorithm Hassan Jameel- tocols. The attack is an application of Coppersmith's baby-step giant- step algorithm on human}@ntu.edu.sg Abstract. We propose a new protocol providing cryptographically se- cure authentication to unaided humans

    16. Umbilical arteries of babies born to cigarette smokers generate less prostacyclin and contain less arginine and citrulline compared with those of babies born to control subjects

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Martin R. Ulm; Barbara Plöckinger; Christian Pirich; Ryszard J. Gryglewski; Helmut F. Sinzinger

      1995-01-01

      OBJECTIVE: The hyposthesis of this study was that umbilical arteries of babies born to smoking mothers produce less nitric oxide and prostacyclin than do those of nonsmoking mothers.STUDY DESIGN:l-Arginine, l-citrulline, l-cysteine, and prostacyclin were measured in the umbilical arteries of 11 babies born to smoking mothers and 16 infants born to nonsmoking controls. The concentrations in the two groups were

    17. Measuring Rural Hospital Quality

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid

      2004-01-01

      Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are sensitive…

    18. PrimaryChildrensHospital

      Cancer.gov

      Located in the foothills of the Wasatch Mountains, Primary Children's Hospital is the children's hospital for Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, and Montana. Our 289-bed hospital is equipped and staffed to care for children with complex illness and injury. Primary Children's is owned by Intermountain Healthcare and is the pediatric specialty teaching hospital for the University Of Utah School of Medicine.

    19. Hospital marketing revisited.

      PubMed

      Costello, M M

      1987-05-01

      With more hospitals embracing the marketing function in their organizational management over the past decade, hospital marketing can no longer be considered a fad. However, a review of hospital marketing efforts as reported in the professional literature indicates that hospitals must pay greater attention to the marketing mix elements of service, price and distribution channels as their programs mature. PMID:10283019

    20. Generations at School: Building an Age-Friendly Workplace

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lovely, Suzette

      2010-01-01

      In schools around the country, Gen Xers, Millennials, Baby Boomers, and even a Veteran or two are working side by side. While anyone holding a job in this shaky economy is grateful, gratitude does not make generational clashes less difficult. Adding to the mix, many Baby Boomers initially poised for a mass exodus by 2010 are holding on for dear…

    1. Incubator Baby Shows: A Medical and Social Frontier

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lieberman, Hannah

      2001-01-01

      America's first hospitals for premature infants were built at the turn of the twentieth century at fairs, amusement parks, and expositions. These hospitals represented both a medical and a social frontier. They had a great impact on American medicine because they demonstrated the success of caring for premature infants using incubators. The…

    2. A Parallel Architecture for Disk-Based Computing over the Baby Monster and Other Large Finite Simple Groups

      E-print Network

      Cooperman, Gene

      A Parallel Architecture for Disk-Based Computing over the Baby Monster and Other Large Finite of a permutation representation. By using the computed on-disk data structures, computation over the Baby Monster a matrix, a permutation, or a word representation for computing over the Baby Monster where previously only

    3. Are Baby Boomers Who Care for Their Older Parents Planning for Their Own Future Long-Term Care Needs?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Emily S. Finkelstein; M. Carrington Reid; Alison Kleppinger; Karl Pillemer; Julie Robison

      2012-01-01

      A rapidly expanding number of baby boomers provide care to aging parents. This study examines associations between caregiver status and outcomes related to awareness and anticipation of future long-term care (LTC) needs using 2007 Connecticut Long-Term Care Needs Assessment survey data. Baby boomers who were adult child caregivers (n = 353) versus baby boomers who were not (n = 1242)

    4. America's Demography in the New Century: Aging Baby Boomers and New Immigrants as Major Players. Milken Institute Policy Brief.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Frey, William H.; DeVol, Ross C.

      America's demography in the new century will be affected by the aging baby boom generation and by new immigrants. Focus on just the national implications of aging baby boomers and the new immigrants is inadequate. This policy brief takes a regional perspective, examining recent trends and population statistics and making the case that aging baby…

    5. The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Andrew B. Abel

      2001-01-01

      Is the stock market boom a result of the baby boom? This paper develops an overlapping generations model in which a baby boom is modeled as a high realization of a random birth rate, and the price of capital is determined endogenously by a convex cost of adjustment. A baby boom increases national saving and investment and thus causes an

    6. National Hospital Discharge Survey

      Cancer.gov

      The National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), which has been conducted annually since 1965, collects data from a sample of approximately 270,000 inpatient records acquired from a national sample of about 500 hospitals. Only hospitals with an average length of stay of fewer than 30 days for all patients, general hospitals, or children's general hospitals are included in the survey. Information collected includes diagnoses, surgical and nonsurgical procedures, prescription and over-the-counter drugs, immunizations, allergy shots, anesthetics, and dietary supplements.

    7. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Paediatric Hearing Loss: Programme at the Centre for Hearing Intervention and Language Development, National University Hospital, Singapore

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Lynne HY Lim

      The objective is to describe the multidisciplinary management programme at the National University Hospital (NUH) in Singapore for children with hearing impairment (HI). Over 99.95% of babies born at NUH have hearing tested with both otoacoustic emission and automated auditory brainstem response tests by 6 weeks of age. The referral rate to Otolaryngology is 0.5%. Acquired causes of congenital HI

    8. "Friends" of Anglican Cathedrals: Norms and Values. Befriending, Friending or Misnomer?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Muskett, Judith A.

      2013-01-01

      Loyal supporters of Anglican cathedrals first subscribed to "Friends" associations in the late 1920s. Yet, in 1937, a journalist in "The Times" portrayed cathedrals as a "queer thing to be a friend of." Drawing on theories of friendship from a range of disciplines, and surveys of what has been proclaimed in the public…

    9. The Social Rules that Children use: Close Friends, Other Friends, and \\

      Microsoft Academic Search

      B. J. Bigelow; G. Tesson; J. H. Lewko

      1992-01-01

      This study addressed the question of how relationships differ in terms of how children function within them. A total of 652 children of both sexes from ages 9 to 13 rated how frequently they use 56 social rules in one of two check-lists in getting along with mother, father, brother, sister, close friend, other friend, other kids, and teacher relations.

    10. Trust-based protocols for regulating online, friend-of-a-friend communities

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Henry Hexmoor

      2010-01-01

      An online community is a group whose members are connected by means of information technologies, typically the Internet rather than face to face. Online communities allow social and cultural barriers to be spanned for communication. Social communities rely on interpersonal trust to regulate cohesion in their communities. After a general discussion, we offer protocols that extend viability of friend-of-a-friend framework

    11. Gender Norms and Institutional Culture: The Family-Friendly versus the Father-Friendly University

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sallee, Margaret W.

      2013-01-01

      This article investigates the role that gender norms and expectations about parenting play in establishing the family-friendly versus the father-friendly university. Using interviews with 51 male faculty at three research universities, the article considers how faculty and administrators' actions perpetuate cultures that promote or hinder…

    12. Baby Boomers’ Adoption of Consumer Health Technologies: Survey on Readiness and Barriers

      PubMed Central

      2014-01-01

      Background As they age, baby boomers (born 1946-1964) will have increasing medical needs and are likely to place large demand on health care resources. Consumer health technologies may help stem rising health care needs and costs by improving provider-to-patient communication, health monitoring, and information access and enabling self-care. Research has not explored the degree to which baby boomers are ready for, or are currently embracing, specific consumer health technologies This study explores how baby boomers’ readiness to use various technologies for health purposes compares to other segments of the adult population. Objective The goals of the study are to (1) examine what technologies baby boomers are ready to use for health purposes, (2) investigate barriers to baby boomers’ use of technology for health purposes, and (3) understand whether readiness for and barriers to baby boomers’ use of consumer health technologies differ from those of other younger and older consumers. Methods Data were collected via a survey offered to a random sample of 3000 subscribers to a large pharmacy benefit management company. Respondents had the option to complete the survey online or by completing a paper-based version of the survey. Results Data from 469 respondents (response rate 15.63%) were analyzed, including 258 baby boomers (aged 46-64 years), 72 younger (aged 18-45 years), and 139 older (age >64 years) participants. Baby boomers were found to be similar to the younger age group, but significantly more likely than the older age group to be ready to use 5 technologies for health purposes (health information websites, email, automated call centers, medical video conferencing, and texting). Baby boomers were less ready than the younger age group to adopt podcasts, kiosks, smartphones, blogs, and wikis for health care purposes. However, baby boomers were more likely than older adults to use smartphones and podcasts for health care purposes. Specific adoption barriers vary according to the technology. Conclusions Baby boomers have commonalities with and distinctions from both younger and older adults in their readiness to adopt specific consumer health technologies and the barriers they experience to adoption. Baby boomers’ nuances regarding readiness to adopt and the barriers associated with the various forms of consumer health technology should be taken into account by those interested in promoting consumer health technologies use among baby boomers when developing applications, choosing technologies, preparing users for use, and in promotional tactics. PMID:25199475

    13. Young friendship in HFASD and typical development: friend versus non-friend comparisons.

      PubMed

      Bauminger-Zviely, Nirit; Agam-Ben-Artzi, Galit

      2014-07-01

      This study conducted comparative assessment of friendship in preschoolers with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD, n = 29) versus preschoolers with typical development (n = 30), focusing on interactions with friends versus acquaintances. Groups were matched on SES, verbal/nonverbal MA, IQ, and CA. Multidimensional assessments included: mothers' and teachers' reports about friends' and friendship characteristics and observed individual and dyadic behaviors throughout interactions with friends versus non-friends during construction, drawing, and free-play situations. Findings revealed group differences in peer interaction favoring the typical development group, thus supporting the neuropsychological profile of HFASD. However, both groups' interactions with friends surpassed interactions with acquaintances on several key socio-communicative and intersubjective capabilities, thus suggesting that friendship may contribute to enhancement and practice of social interaction in HFASD. PMID:24488120

    14. The Heartsaver-Baby: A CPR Course for Young Parents

      PubMed Central

      Williams, David R.; Clarke, Sandra E.

      1985-01-01

      Accidents are the leading cause of death in infancy and childhood from ages one through 24. Parental training programs in the prevention and management of pediatric emergencies may effectively decrease the morbidity and mortality of sudden accidental death in children. The Heartsaver-Baby course is a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation specifically designed for young parents. It includes training in the prevention of childhood emergencies resulting in sudden death, recognition of the most common emergencies in different age groups, practical training in CPR and obstructed airway maneuvers. Widespread implementation of this community program may help decrease the incidence of accidents in children and provide parents with a better background to deal with life-threatening emergencies. PMID:21274146

    15. Blue babies and nitrate-contaminated well water.

      PubMed Central

      Knobeloch, L; Salna, B; Hogan, A; Postle, J; Anderson, H

      2000-01-01

      The use of nitrate-contaminated drinking water to prepare infant formula is a well-known risk factor for infant methemoglobinemia. Affected infants develop a peculiar blue-gray skin color and may become irritable or lethargic, depending on the severity of their condition. The condition can progress rapidly to cause coma and death if it is not recognized and treated appropriately. Two cases of blue baby syndrome were recently investigated. Both cases involved infants who became ill after being fed formula that was reconstituted with water from private wells. Water samples collected from these wells during the infants' illnesses contained nitrate-nitrogen concentrations of 22.9 and 27.4 mg/L. PMID:10903623

    16. Reading, writing, and having babies: a nurturing alternative school program.

      PubMed

      Spear, Hila J

      2002-10-01

      This ethnographic study, a component of another study that examined the lived experiences of a small group of pregnant teenagers, focused on the social and learning environment of an alternative school program for pregnant and parenting female adolescents, aged 13 to 19. Field notes, participant observation, group discussion, and informal conversational data were gathered over a 16-week period. Analysis of the data revealed four major themes: nurture and positive regard, sisterhood and belonging, mentoring and sense of family, and proactive learning environment and academic pride. The girls who attended the program developed close relationships with their peers and teachers. Many of them experienced academic success for the first time and reported that pregnancy and impending motherhood motivated them to do better in school. Recommendations for a more comprehensive school-based approach to meeting the needs of pregnant and parenting teens are made, particularly after the babies are born. PMID:12387596

    17. Australian baby boomers face retirement during the global financial crisis.

      PubMed

      Kendig, Hal; Wells, Yvonne; O'Loughlin, Kate; Heese, Karla

      2013-01-01

      This paper examines the impact in Australia of the global financial crisis on the baby boom cohort approaching later life. Data from national focus groups of people aged 50 to 64 years (N = 73), conducted in late 2008, found widespread but variable concern and uncertainty concerning work and retirement plans and experiences. A national survey (N = 1,009) of those aged 50 to 64 years in mid-2009 reported lower levels of financial satisfaction compared with other life domains; many planned to postpone retirement. Findings are interpreted in the context of policies and markets that differed significantly from those in the United States, notwithstanding the global nature of the financial crisis. PMID:23837628

    18. Don’t throw the bathwater in with the baby

      PubMed Central

      Lichtenstein, Paul

      2013-01-01

      The Presidential Address of the European Association of Developmental Psychology this year concerned how genes and environments interplay to shape loneliness and other developmental psychological relevant outcomes. This is a very welcome. However, when developmental psychology now is ready to integrate recent genetic and neuroscience knowledge and methods, I think it would be very wise to not uncritical go through the mistakes that have be done in other disciplines and instead learn from their hard lessons. I discuss some problems (genes versus environments, identifying gene for a phenotype, environments cause of developmental outcomes, and gene X environment interaction and epigenetics) and some suggestions for solutions which can be used to avoid throwing in the bathwater with the baby. PMID:23745130

    19. Hospital demand for physicians.

      PubMed

      Morrisey, M A; Jensen, G A

      1990-01-01

      This article develops a derived demand for physicians that is general enough to encompass physician control, simple profit maximization and hospital utility maximization models of the hospital. The analysis focuses on three special aspects of physician affiliations: the price of adding a physician to the staff is unobserved; the physician holds appointments at multiple hospitals, and physicians are not homogeneous. Using 1983 American Hospital Association data, a system of specialty-specific demand equations is estimated. The results are consistent with the model and suggest that physicians should be concerned about reduced access to hospitals, particularly as the stock of hospitals declines. PMID:10104050

    20. Infant hospital abduction: security measures to aid in prevention.

      PubMed

      Vincent, Janice L

      2009-01-01

      The purpose of this article is to describe measures used to prevent abduction of infants from healthcare facilities. According to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, 122 infants were abducted from hospitals between 1983 and 2008; characteristics of the abductors have been found to be similar in the majority of infant abductions. The Joint Commission has established security standards, and conducts assessments to identify abduction risk within hospitals. Nurses can contribute to the safety and security of infants by following prevention plans which emphasize these and other actions: educating parents about abduction risks, using identically numbered bands on the baby and parents, taking color photographs of the infant, wearing color photograph ID badges themselves, discouraging parents/families from publishing birth notices in the public media, controlling access to nursery/postpartum unit, and utilizing infant security tags or abduction alarm systems. PMID:19550261

    1. [Fostering LGBT-friendly healthcare services].

      PubMed

      Wei, Han-Ting; Chen, Mu-Hong; Ku, Wen-Wei

      2015-02-01

      LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) patients suffer from stigma and discrimination when seeking healthcare. A large LGBT healthcare survey revealed that 56% of gay patients and 70% of transgender patients suffered some type of discrimination while seeking healthcare in 2014. The fostering of LGBT-friendly healthcare services is not just an advanced step of gender mainstreaming but also a fulfillment of health equality and equity. Additionally, LGBT-friendly healthcare services are expected to provide new opportunities for healthcare workers. Therefore, proactive government policies, education, research, and clinical practice should all encourage the development of these healthcare services. We look forward to a well-developed LGBT-friendly healthcare system in Taiwan. PMID:25631181

    2. Hospitable Classrooms: Biblical Hospitality and Inclusive Education

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Anderson, David W.

      2011-01-01

      This paper contributes to a Christian hermeneutic of special education by suggesting the biblical concept of hospitality as a necessary characteristic of classroom and school environments in which students with disabilities and other marginalized students can be effectively incorporated into the body of the classroom. Christian hospitality, seen…

    3. MAPUniversity Hospital Directions from University Hospital to

      E-print Network

      Feschotte, Cedric

      Physical Therapy (Level 6) Patient Rooms 2000­2999 (Level 2) 3000­3999 (Level 3) 4000­4999 (Level 4) 5000version 1 MAPUniversity Hospital version 7 Directions from University Hospital to: Huntsman Cancer provides non-clinical services such as photocopying, faxing, phone access and hotel accommodations for out

    4. Perceptions of glasses as a health care product: a pilot study of New Zealand baby boomers.

      PubMed

      Davey, Janet; King, Chloe; Fitzpatrick, Mary

      2012-01-01

      Marketers have been slow to customize their strategies for the influential consumer segment of aging baby boomers. This qualitative research provides insights on New Zealand baby boomers' perceptions of glasses as a health care product. Appearance was a dominant theme; status was not a major concern, although style and fashion were. Wearing glasses had negative associations related to aging; however, both male and female participants recognized that glasses offered improved quality of life. Data relating to the theme of expense indicated that these New Zealand baby boomers made sophisticated perceptual associations and subsequent pragmatic trade-offs between price, quality, and style. PMID:23210674

    5. Untold stories of infant loss: the importance of contact with the baby for bereaved parents.

      PubMed

      O'Leary, Joann; Warland, Jane

      2013-08-01

      This article presents secondary analysis of data from parents who, 50 to 70 years ago, birthed stillborn babies or babies with lethal anomalies and from adult children born after these losses. The stories reflect a time in history when parents were "protected" from seeing or holding their babies and mothers were unable to attend the funeral. There was no understanding by society or caregivers for parents' need to process the loss or resources to build memories. They provide a strong argument for health care providers to offer such resources to parents today and offer grief support. PMID:23855024

    6. [Endocrine disruptors in food contact articles and baby toys with their transition].

      PubMed

      Kawamura, Yoko

      2010-01-01

      A number of endocrine disruptors have been reported in food contact articles and baby toys mainly during the second half of the 1990s. Bisphenol A, nonylphenol, phthalates, styrene dimers and trimers, and their transision are described in this article. Bisphenol A was found in polycarbonate tableware, nursing bottles and the epoxy resin coating of cans, therefore, it was also found in the canned foods and drinks. Polycarbonate is now only slightly used for tableware or nursing bottles in Japan because consumers refused them. The can manufacturers changed their coating material to the low bisphenol A resin or PET films and voluntarily regulate its migration limit to under 5 or 10 ng/ml. Nonylphenol was found in most PVC wrapping films and gloves. It was generated from an oxidant, tris (nonylphenyl) phosphite. PVC wrapping film was extensively used in markets, thus many kinds of foods were contaminated. Among them, fillet or minced fish and meat contained it at high levels. In 2000, manufacturers voluntarily changed their composition and all wrapping films in Japan no longer contain nonylphenol. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was found in PVC gloves, which contaminated packed lunches and hospital meals at high levels. The government prohibited these gloves for all food contact use in 2000, moreover, other PVC food contact articles containing DEHP were prohibited for contact use with fatty foods in 2002. DEHP was also found in PVC toys which was prohibited in 2002. Styrene dimers and trimers were found in PS products, which migrated into cupped noodles after cooking. No changes have been made in them. In Japan, the exposure to bisphenol A, nonylphenol and DEHP have been significantly reduced and people also have more concerns with the safety of food contact articles. PMID:21381390

    7. The application of hospitality elements in hospitals.

      PubMed

      Wu, Ziqi; Robson, Stephani; Hollis, Brooke

      2013-01-01

      In the last decade, many hospital designs have taken inspiration from hotels, spurred by factors such as increased patient and family expectations and regulatory or financial incentives. Increasingly, research evidence suggests the value of enhancing the physical environment to foster healing and drive consumer decisions and perceptions of service quality. Although interest is increasing in the broader applicability of numerous hospitality concepts to the healthcare field, the focus of this article is design innovations, and the services that such innovations support, from the hospitality industry. To identify physical hotel design elements and associated operational features that have been used in the healthcare arena, a series of interviews with hospital and hotel design experts were conducted. Current examples and suggestions for future hospitality elements were also sought from the experts, academic journals, and news articles. Hospitality elements applied in existing hospitals that are addressed in this article include hotel-like rooms and decor; actual hotels incorporated into medical centers; hotel-quality food, room service, and dining facilities for families; welcoming lobbies and common spaces; hospitality-oriented customer service training; enhanced service offerings, including concierges; spas or therapy centers; hotel-style signage and way-finding tools; and entertainment features. Selected elements that have potential for future incorporation include executive lounges and/or communal lobbies with complimentary wireless Internet and refreshments, centralized controls for patients, and flexible furniture. Although the findings from this study underscore the need for more hospitality-like environments in hospitals, the investment decisions made by healthcare executives must be balanced with cost-effectiveness and the assurance that clinical excellence remains the top priority. PMID:23424818

    8. Effect on skin hydration of using baby wipes to clean the napkin area of newborn babies: assessor-blinded randomised controlled equivalence trial

      PubMed Central

      2012-01-01

      Background Some national guidelines recommend the use of water alone for napkin cleansing. Yet, there is a readiness, amongst many parents, to use baby wipes. Evidence from randomised controlled trials, of the effect of baby wipes on newborn skin integrity is lacking. We conducted a study to examine the hypothesis that the use of a specifically formulated cleansing wipe on the napkin area of newborn infants (<1?month) has an equivalent effect on skin hydration when compared with using cotton wool and water (usual care). Methods A prospective, assessor-blinded, randomised controlled equivalence trial was conducted during 2010. Healthy, term babies (n?=?280), recruited within 48 hours of birth, were randomly assigned to have their napkin area cleansed with an alcohol-free baby wipe (140 babies) or cotton wool and water (140 babies). Primary outcome was change in hydration from within 48 hours of birth to 4?weeks post-birth. Secondary outcomes comprised changes in trans-epidermal water loss, skin surface pH and erythema, presence of microbial skin contaminants/irritants at 4?weeks and napkin dermatitis reported by midwife at 4?weeks and mother during the 4?weeks. Results Complete hydration data were obtained for 254 (90.7?%) babies. Wipes were shown to be equivalent to water and cotton wool in terms of skin hydration (intention-to-treat analysis: wipes 65.4 (SD 12.4) vs. water 63.5 (14.2), p?=?0.47, 95?% CI -2.5 to 4.2; per protocol analysis: wipes 64.6 (12.4) vs. water 63.6 (14.3), p?=?0.53, 95?% CI -2.4 to 4.2). No significant differences were found in the secondary outcomes, except for maternal-reported napkin dermatitis, which was higher in the water group (p?=?0.025 for complete responses). Conclusions Baby wipes had an equivalent effect on skin hydration when compared with cotton wool and water. We found no evidence of any adverse effects of using these wipes. These findings offer reassurance to parents who choose to use baby wipes and to health professionals who support their use. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN86207019 PMID:22656391

    9. PCR pattern of HIV-exposed infants in a tertiary hospital

      PubMed Central

      Ben, Onankpa; Yusuf, Tahir

      2014-01-01

      Introduction Early infant diagnosis (EID) provides a critical opportunity to strengthen follow-up of HIV-exposed children and early access to antiretroviral treatment. The study is designed to determine PCR pattern of HIV- exposed infants. Methods A 2-year cross-sectional study at Usmanu Danfodio University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, Nigeria. All pregnant women that presented to our ANC between January, 2011 and December, 2012 were screened for HIV; confirmation for seropositivity was from a positive ELISA and then a Western Blot assay. PCR was done for all the HIV-exposed babies at 6-8 weeks of age. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20.0. Results Otal delivery was 6,578. One hundred and sixty three babies from 162 mothers were HIV-exposed; 88 males, 75 females, with male to female ratio of 1.2:1. Eighty eight (54.0%) of the mothers were on HAART before pregnancy; 63 (39.0%) commenced HAART during pregnancy while, 12 (7.0%) never received HAART. Three (1.8%) of the HIV-exposed babies had a positive PCR. One hundred and thirty nine babies (85.3%) were breast fed. Conclusion Mother-to-child-transmission of HIV appears to be on the decline in the study area (1.8%), this probably, represents the pattern in other parts of the country. PMID:25574321

    10. JUST AMONG FRIENDS: ASSOCIATIONS AMONG EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION, FRIEND BEHAVIOR, AND FRIENDSHIP QUALITY IN EARLY ADOLESCENT SAME-SEX FRIEND DYADS

      E-print Network

      Legerski, John-Paul

      2010-08-31

      To better understand emotional expression within the context of close same-sex friendships of young adolescents, this study examined emotional expressivity among 116 adolescents (58 friend dyads) in Grades 7-8 (12-14 years of age) utilizing a multi...

    11. Central line infections - hospitals

      MedlinePLUS

      ... and increase how long you are in the hospital. Your central line needs special care to prevent ... The hospital staff will use aseptic technique when a central line is put in your chest or arm. Aseptic ...

    12. Help prevent hospital errors

      MedlinePLUS

      A hospital error is when there is a mistake in your medical care. Errors can be made in your: ... Surgery Diagnosis Equipment Lab and other test reports Hospital errors are a leading cause of death. Doctors ...

    13. Children's Hospital Medical Center

      E-print Network

      Papautsky, Ian

      UNIVERSITY COMMONS Children's Hospital Medical Center Children's Hospital Medical Research Center Complex Radiation Safety HealthProfessions Building WherryHall Veterans Affairs Medical Center VAMC VAMC ShrinersHospital forChildren Shriners Garage Cincinnati Dept of Health LoganHall Medical Sciences Building

    14. Children's Hospital Medical Center

      E-print Network

      Papautsky, Ian

      UNIVERSITY COMMONS Children's Hospital Medical Center Children's Hospital Medical Research Center WherryHall Veterans Affairs Medical Center VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC Holmes CHMC CHMC Children's Hospital Vontz Center Hamilton Co. Coroner Kettering Lab Complex Radiation Safety HealthProfessions Building

    15. Children's Hospital Medical Center

      E-print Network

      Papautsky, Ian

      UNIVERSITY COMMONS Children's Hospital Medical Center Children's Hospital Medical Research Center Affairs Medical Center VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC VAMC Holmes CHMC CHMC Children's Hospital Garage CHMC Kingsgate Co. Coroner Kettering Lab Complex Radiation Safety HealthProfessions Building WherryHall Veterans

    16. Modeling a Hospital Organization

      Microsoft Academic Search

      William V. Gudaitis; Robert A. Brown

      1975-01-01

      A multidimensional input-output model of a hospital's components is developed which, because it tracks the flows of people, materials, and services, can be used for long-range planning and resource allocation, and dynamic simulation of the hospital. The model also allows the determination of shadow prices, and hence, the profitability of the various hospital components.

    17. 2. View northwest of main hospital building complex, hospital building ...

      Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

      2. View northwest of main hospital building complex, hospital building (Building 90), administration and clinical hospital building (Building 88), and hospital building (Building 91) - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Western Branch, 4101 South Fourth Street, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, KS

    18. Still Not Making Friends. Between Teacher & Parent

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Brodkin, Adele

      2005-01-01

      Children who are consistently ignored or disliked, especially those who make no friends at all, often have trouble succeeding in school. This article illustrates the scenario of a child who is just learning to play with others, but continues to face rejection from her classmates. The author provides tips for both teachers and parents that can…

    19. Progress in environmentally friendly lubricant development

      Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

      Environmentally friendly lubricants comprise ingredients derived from natural raw materials such as those harvested from farms, forests, etc. There is a great deal of interest in such lubricants because of their potential economic, environmental, health, and safety benefits over petroleum-based prod...

    20. Class List [not equal to] Friend List

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hunter, Eileen

      2012-01-01

      The Amy Hestir Student Protection Act, also known as the Missouri Facebook Law, forbids exclusive or private conversations between teachers and students on Facebook. A judge has granted an injunction against it, but this issue has sparked a debate among teachers about whether they should be Facebook friends with current students and in what ways…