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1

Engaging Chicago hospitals in the baby-friendly hospital initiative.  

PubMed

Breastfeeding is now widely recognized as a vital obesity prevention strategy and hospitals play a primary role in promoting, supporting and helping mothers to initiate and maintain breastfeeding. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) provides an evidence-based model that hospitals can use to plan and implement breastfeeding quality improvement (QI) projects. Funding under Communities Putting Prevention to Work (CPPW), administered by the CDC, brought together key Chicago partners to provide individualized support and technical assistance with breastfeeding QI projects to the 19 maternity hospitals in Chicago. A community organizing approach was taken to mobilize hospital interest in breastfeeding QI projects, leading to successes, e.g. 12/19 (63 %) Chicago hospitals registered with Baby-Friendly USA, Inc. (BFUSA) to pursue official Baby-Friendly designation. Key factors that fostered this success included: involving all levels of hospital staff, financial incentives, and ongoing tailored technical assistance. To assist other communities in similar work, this article discusses the approach the project took to mobilize hospitals to improve breastfeeding support practices based on the BFHI, as well as successes and lessons learned. PMID:23054449

Schoenfelder, Samantha L; Wych, Sadie; Willows, Catherine A; Harrington, Joseph; Christoffel, Katherine Kaufer; Becker, Adam B

2013-11-01

2

Sustained Breastfeeding Rates at a US Baby-Friendly Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Boston Medical Center (BMC) became the 22nd US Baby-Friendly hospital in 1999. Previous research found that breastfeeding initia- tion rates increased significantly from 58% in 1995 to 86.5% in 1999. The objective of this study was to establish whether Baby-Friendly status would sustain elevated breastfeeding initiation rates at this US hospital beyond the year of designation. Breastfeeding rates in

Barbara L. Philipp; Kirsten L. Malone; Sabrina Cimo; Anne Merewood

2009-01-01

3

The Baby-Friendly journey in a US public hospital.  

PubMed

In May of 2007, San Francisco General Hospital & Trauma Center became the first Baby-Friendly certified hospital in San Francisco. This quality improvement program began in 1999 and took 8 years to complete. Challenges to completing this goal included a population that has myriad social issues including non-English-speaking clients, drug abuse, poverty, and homelessness. Further complications included a constantly changing group of perinatal healthcare providers with little-to-no breast-feeding knowledge, hospital practices that did not support rooming-in and skin-to-skin contact, and lack of overall patient breast-feeding education. This article describes the process of implementing The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative quality improvement program, achieving certification and subsequent increase in breast-feeding rates. Breast-feeding initiation rates went from 81% in 2002 to 98% in 2010. Exclusivity rates did not change. PMID:22293641

Vasquez, Maya J; Berg, Ocean R

2012-01-01

4

Breastfeeding practices in baby friendly hospitals of Indore  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interview based cross sectional study was conducted in two of the designated Baby Friendly Hospitals of Indore in the year\\u000a 2008. None of the hospitals were having a written breastfeeding policy, which is routinely communicated to all the health\\u000a workers and no regular training regarding the Programme was being imparted. There is a need to develop a BFHI Monitoring

Richa Nigam; Manish Nigam; R. R. Wavre; Ajit Deshpande; R. K. Chandorkar

2010-01-01

5

A Baby-Friendly Hospital initiative in northern China.  

PubMed

In the People's Republic of China, an approach has been adopted to ensure that all children born as a result of the one-child policy are healthy. The World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund (WHO/UNICEF) has encouraged the Chinese Government to embrace this philosophy. Part of this approach has resulted in an attempt to increase the breastfeeding rates. This report describes a visit by two nursing faculty members of a Canadian university to an urban hospital maternity unit in the northeast of China, where the staff were attempting to incorporate this philosophy into their maternity care with the assistance of nursing faculty members from the local university. The method chosen to integrate this philosophy was the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative initiated by WHO/UNICEF. PMID:9416109

Chamberlain, M

1997-11-01

6

A transition strategy for becoming a baby-friendly hospital: exploring the costs, benefits, and challenges.  

PubMed

The objectives of this study were to provide an economic assessment as well as a calculated projection of the costs that typical U.S. tertiary-care hospitals would incur through policy reconfiguration and implementation to achieve the UNICEF/World Health Organization Baby-Friendly® Hospital designation and to examine the associated challenges and benefits of becoming a Baby-Friendly Hospital. We analyzed hospital resource utilization, focusing on formula use and staffing profiles at one U.S. urban tertiary-care teaching hospital, as well as conducted an online survey and telephone interviews with a selection of Baby-Friendly Hospitals to obtain their perspective on costs, challenges, and benefits. Findings indicate that added costs for a new Baby-Friendly Hospital will approximate $148 per birth, but these costs sharply decrease over time as breastfeeding rates increase in a Baby-Friendly environment. PMID:23249129

DelliFraine, Jami; Langabeer, James; Delgado, Rigoberto; Williams, Janet F; Gong, Alice

2013-04-01

7

Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: evaluation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To asses the performance of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an university hospital. METHODS: Descriptive and quantitative research, in which 103 people were interviewed in the outpatient prenatal clinic, in the maternity-ward and in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Vitória, Southeast Brazil. The "Institutional Self-Evaluation Questionnaire" of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative was applied. Using this tool, the outcome was measured by the concordance index (CI) proposed by the World Health Organization and by the United Nations Children's Fund. RESULTS: Although the hospital does not have a policy that addresses promotion, protection and support for breastfeeding, 93.3% of the mothers had contact with their babies immediately after birth (step 4), 83.3% of the professionals guided mothers how to breastfeed (step 5), 86.6% of the neonates did not receive any food or drink other than breast milk (step 6), 100% of babies were housed together with their mothers (step 7), 83.3% of the women were encouraged for breastfeeding on demand (step 8) and 100% of the infants did not use bottles or pacifiers (step 9). CONCLUSIONS: 60% of the steps were completed by the hospital. The greatest difficulty was to inform pregnant women about the importance and the management of breastfeeding (step 3). Therefore, visits to pregnant women are recommended, in order to prepare them for breastfeeding and to explain about the infants' healthy feeding habits. PMID:24473954

Lopes, Soraia da Silva; Laignier, Mariana Rabello; Primo, Candida Canicali; Leite, Franciele Marabotti C.

2013-01-01

8

[Baby-Friendly Hospital: prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months and intervening factors].  

PubMed

The objective of this research was to identify the pattern of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the first 6 months of infants born in a Baby-Friendly Hospital and the factors that contribute to early weaning. This was a prospective cohort study with 261 mothers and children. The data were analyzed via the construction of a Kaplan-Meier survival curve, and the log-rank test was used for the univariate analysis. A multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox proportional-hazards regression model. During the 6 months, the percentage of mothers who practiced EBF for 30, 90, 120, 150 and 180 days was 75%, 52%, 33%, 19% and 5.7%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the variables that conferred a risk for early weaning were the hospital and the occurrence of a follow-up visit due to mammary complication, improper positioning and the association of both of these factors. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative favored EBF. PMID:24626353

Figueredo, Sonia Fontes; Mattar, Maria José Guardia; Abrão, Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena

2013-12-01

9

Meeting the challenge: implementing the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative in a culturally diverse country.  

PubMed

This paper describes the successful implementation of the WHO/Unicef Baby Friendly Hospital initiative (BFHI) in a large, culturally diverse hospital in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Breastfeeding rates in the UAE are high (>90 per cent), although mixed feeding is considered the norm. Traditional religious practices for birth are common which may inhibit exclusive breastfeeding. An action research methodology was chosen as the most appropriate method in which to implement BFHI and a five stage cyclic approach was used. Staff knowledge around breastfeeding and BFHI varied enormously because of the diversity of ethnicity amongst staff. It was initially difficult to engage staff, particularly staff in the delivery suite and theatres, as breastfeeding was not seen as a high priority. There was a great resistance to closing the nurseries as both women and staff felt it was a benefit for the women to have some rest away from their babies, and the concepts of bonding and early feeding cues were unknown. By the time of the assessment for BFHI there was a theory-practice transformation. The implementation of BFHI and the successful achievement of the award can be attributed to ownership. PMID:21739730

Edwards, Grace; Abdulali, Jane; Kumar, Rajakumari Ravi

2011-06-01

10

Lactation space design: supporting evidence-based practice and the baby-friendly hospital initiative.  

PubMed

The design of spaces where lactation occurs within a healthcare facility often lacks careful attention to the environmental requirements of breastfeeding. Although numerous studies evoke overwhelming support for lactation initiation in hospitals, few designers may understand the importance of such spaces. Furthermore, many designers may be unaware of the contributions they may make to this initiative. Countless studies that support the philosophy that breast milk is the best nutritional option for babies have been conducted. There are many health and economic advantages of breastfeeding for babies, mothers, and communities. Research suggests that exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life reduces the rate of illness throughout infancy and beyond, saves lives, and could save billions of dollars in the United States each year.The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative is a global program established to promote within healthcare facilities the facilitation of breastfeeding infants from birth. Results of this initiative show a significant increase in breastfeeding rates in many countries. The intuitive design response to such favorable research is to enhance the lactation environment, assuming that mothers who feel comfortable in lactation spaces will use them more frequently, which promotes lactation in healthcare facilities. Considering the numerous research-supported advantages of breastfeeding, designers would be prudent to seek and apply knowledge of the environmental needs to the design of lactation spaces. This may be achieved by becoming familiar with lactation procedures to understand the circulation, adjacencies, and spatial requirements of lactation programs. Incorporating this information into the design may allow the development of ideal spaces that facilitate lactation. PMID:21866507

Thompson, Tammy Smith; Heflin, Lashawna

2011-01-01

11

Feeding practices of infants delivered in a district hospital during the implementation of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative.  

PubMed

A study on infant feeding practices was conducted during the implementation of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) in a district hospital. The aim was to identify which population subgroups had lower breastfeeding rates at 4 months and the effect of attendance of antenatal breastfeeding education on breastfeeding practices. All infants delivered in May 1996 were followed-up. 204 respondents were analyzed. This study demonstrated a higher exclusive and any breastfeeding rates at 4 months than some other studies. (48% and 76% respectively). It was found that the Malays were more likely to be breastfeeding exclusively at 4 months (72%) than the Indians (32%) and the Chinese (4%). (P < 0.01). There were more non-working mothers breastfeeding exclusively at 4 months than working mothers. (60% versus 26%) P < 0.01. Antenatal breastfeeding education in the form that was given appeared to improve breastfeeding rates at 4 months. Future efforts to promote breastfeeding should target the Chinese mothers and the working mothers. PMID:11503300

Chan, S K; Asirvatham, C V

2001-03-01

12

Application of the baby friendly hospital initiative to neonatal care: suggestions by Swedish mothers of very preterm infants.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to obtain suggestions from mothers of very preterm infants regarding modification of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Thirteen mothers were interviewed 2 to 6 months after their infants' discharge from the hospital. The interviews generated 13 steps, which partly agree with the BFHI steps. The new steps address respect for mothers' individual decisions about breastfeeding, education of staff in specific knowledge and skills, antenatal information about lactation in the event of preterm birth, skin-to-skin (kangaroo mother) care, breast milk expression, early introduction of breastfeeding, facilitation of mothers' 24-hour presence in the hospital, preference for mother's own milk, semi-demand feeding before transition to demand breastfeeding, special benefits of pacifier sucking, alternative strategies for reduction of supplementation, use of bottle-feeding when indicated, a family-centered and supportive physical environment, support of the father's presence, and early transfer of infants' care to parents. PMID:18689712

Nyqvist, Kerstin Hedberg; Kylberg, Elisabeth

2008-08-01

13

The New Zealand/aotearoa baby-friendly hospital initiative implementation journey: piki ake te tihi--"strive for excellence".  

PubMed

The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched by the World Health Organization and United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund in 1991 following the Innocenti Declaration of 1990, of which New Zealand/Aotearoa was a signatory. After a number of unsuccessful attempts to implement BFHI by breastfeeding advocates, the New Zealand Breastfeeding Authority (NZBA) was established in 1999. Successful BFHI implementation was achieved through a number of factors, including the establishment of a national body (NZBA) with oversight of BFHI facility implementation and auditing, M?ori and consumer participation at all levels, the recertification requirements for midwives of breastfeeding education by the Midwifery Council, and maternity facilities having paid BFHI coordinators. Once the NZBA was established, BFHI accreditation of maternity facilities had a rapid rise from 0% in 2000 to 96.1% in 2011 (74 of 77 facilities). Data collected over this period shows a 28.8-percentage-point increase of exclusive breastfeeding at discharge from maternity facilitates between 2001 (55.6%) and 2011 (84.4%). Future strategies focus on having all relevant community providers achieve Baby-Friendly Community Initiative accreditation and on the NZBA's lobbying the government for initiatives that support, promote, and protect breastfeeding. PMID:23592422

Martis, Ruth; Stufkens, Julie

2013-05-01

14

Japanese trends in breastfeeding rate in baby-friendly hospitals between 2007 and 2010: a retrospective hospital-based surveillance study  

PubMed Central

Background The goal of Japan’s national “Healthy and Happy Family 21” campaign is to increase the nationwide breastfeeding rate for babies in the first month of life, which is currently below 50%, to a level of 60%. In this article, we summarize the breastfeeding rate for all of Japan’s baby-friendly hospitals (BFHs) and extract their strengths in conjunction with the structural and legislative support that they have in place and finally draw up a policy for dispersing BFH activities to non-BFH delivery facilities, which could be useful for increasing the breastfeeding rate. Methods This study included all of the 61 BFHs that are registered in Japan. These hospitals account for approximately 2% of nearly 3,000 Japanese delivery facilities. The surveillance data, which were collected anonymously by the Japan Breastfeeding Association in 2007–2010, were summarized. The numbers of babies who were breastfed after delivery, at discharge from BFHs and at one month of age, were collated. The length of hospital/clinic stay was also collected. Results The collection rate was 100% in each year (2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010). The breastfeeding rates during hospital stay, at discharge, and one month were >70%, ~90%, and >75%, respectively. The median length of stay was 5 days (minimum/maximum: 5/8) for primipara. Conclusions The breastfeeding rate at BFHs at one month of age was more than 75%. This surpassed the current national average (<50%). The median length of hospital/clinic stay was 5 days. In this 5-day period, BFH activities can play an important role in increasing the breastfeeding rate. Since hospitalization for the reported national median length of stay of 6 days, is legally guaranteed, the disbursement of BFH activities to non-BFH delivery facilities, with special support to mothers who delivered by cesarean delivery, would be a useful strategy for achieving a 60% breastfeeding rate at one month of age. PMID:24229318

2013-01-01

15

Expansion of the baby-friendly hospital initiative ten steps to successful breastfeeding into neonatal intensive care: expert group recommendations.  

PubMed

In the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund document Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, Updated and Expanded for Integrated Care, neonatal care is mentioned as 1 area that would benefit from expansion of the original Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. The different situations faced by preterm and sick infants and their mothers, compared to healthy infants and their mothers, necessitate a specific breastfeeding policy for neonatal intensive care and require that health care professionals have knowledge and skills in lactation and breastfeeding support, including provision of antenatal information, that are specific to neonatal care. Facilitation of early, continuous, and prolonged skin-to-skin contact (kangaroo mother care), early initiation of breastfeeding, and mothers' access to breastfeeding support during the infants' whole hospital stay are important. Mother's own milk or donor milk (when available) is the optimal nutrition. Efforts should be made to minimize parent-infant separation and facilitate parents' unrestricted presence with their infants. The initiation and continuation of breastfeeding should be guided only by infant competence and stability, using a semi-demand feeding regimen during the transition to exclusive breastfeeding. Pacifiers are appropriate during tube-feeding, for pain relief, and for calming infants. Nipple shields can be used for facilitating establishment of breastfeeding, but only after qualified support and attempts at the breast. Alternatives to bottles should be used until breastfeeding is well established. The discharge program should include adequate preparation of parents, information about access to lactation and breastfeeding support, both professional and peer support, and a plan for continued follow-up. PMID:23727630

Nyqvist, Kerstin H; Häggkvist, Anna-Pia; Hansen, Mette N; Kylberg, Elisabeth; Frandsen, Annemi L; Maastrup, Ragnhild; Ezeonodo, Aino; Hannula, Leena; Haiek, Laura N

2013-08-01

16

Factors influencing the intention of perinatal nurses to adopt the baby-friendly hospital initiative in southeastern quebec, Canada: implications for practice.  

PubMed

Nurses play a major role in promoting the baby-friendly hospital initiative (BFHI), yet the adoption of this initiative by nurses remains a challenge in many countries, despite evidences of its positive impacts on breastfeeding outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing perinatal nurses to adopt the BFHI in their practice. Methods. A sample of 159 perinatal nurses from six hospital-based maternity centers completed a survey based on the theory of planned behavior. Hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between key independent variables and nurses' intention to adopt the BFHI in their practice. A discriminant analysis of nurses' beliefs helped identify the targets of actions to foster the adoption the BFHI among nurses. Results. The participants are mainly influenced by factors pertaining to their perceived capacity to overcome the strict criteria of the BFHI, the mothers' approval of a nursing practice based on the BFHI, and the antenatal preparation of the mothers. Conclusions. This study provides theory-based evidence for the development of effective interventions aimed at promoting the adoption of the BFHI in nurses' practice. PMID:25101173

Chabot, Guylaine; Lacombe, Marie

2014-01-01

17

[Creating baby-friendly neonatal intensive care units].  

PubMed

Most expectant parents anticipate giving birth to a healthy newborn. Admission of a neonate to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is thus nearly always a significant and negative shock to parents and family members. We derived core concepts for this article from the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund (WHO/UNICEF)'s Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, updated, and expanded for integrated care (2009). This framework document advocates expanding to NICUs guidelines that were originally developed for maternity units. This paper reviews the importance of breastfeeding to the mother-baby dyad and family integration. We suggest how to build a breastfeeding-friendly environment within the NICU using 10 steps that adhere to the NEO-BFHI's three "Guiding Principles". The proposed environment gives special emphasis to providing continued and unlimited kangaroo care, creating a family-centered NICU design, implementing an effective milk expression and monitoring plan, and respecting mothers' individual needs. Suggestions are provided as a reference to government policymakers and medical centers to facilitate the creation of breastfeeding-friendly environments in NICUs. PMID:23386520

Wang, Shu-Fang; Gau, Meei-Ling

2013-02-01

18

An Examination of Maternity Staff Attitudes Towards Implementing Baby Friendly Health Initiative (BFHI) Accreditation in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) influences health care practices and increases the initiation and duration of\\u000a exclusive breastfeeding. Consistent definitions enable the accurate monitoring of breastfeeding rates and behaviour. This\\u000a information refines policy and helps reach national breastfeeding targets. Only 21% (66\\/317) of Australian hospitals are BFHI\\u000a accredited. Objective To examine the factors perceived to promote or hinder

Ava Deborah Walsh; Jan Pincombe; Ann Henderson

2011-01-01

19

Re-assessment of selected Baby-Friendly maternity facilities in Accra, Ghana  

PubMed Central

Background The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) has been implemented in Ghana since 1995. At the end of 2011, about 325 maternity facilities in Ghana had been designated Baby Friendly. However, none had been re-assessed for adherence to the Ten Steps to successful breastfeeding (Ten Steps). The current study re-assessed six maternity facilities in Accra for adherence to the Ten Steps and the International Code of Marketing of breast milk substitutes (the Code). Methods Three independent assessors performed the re-assessment using the revised WHO/UNICEF external re-assessment tool (ERT) between April and June, 2011. All sections of the ERT were implemented, except for the HIV/infant feeding section. Assessors interviewed 90 clinical staff of the facilities, 60 pregnant women, and 150 women who had given birth and waiting to be discharged from the hospital. Additionally, observations were completed on neonate feeding and compliance with the Code. Data was analyzed to assess adherence to the Ten Steps and the Code. Results In 2010, the six facilities recorded a total of 26,339 deliveries. At discharge, the weighted exclusive breastfeeding rate was 93.8%. None of the facilities adhered completely to the Ten Steps. Overall, the rate of adherence to the Ten Steps was 42% (range?=?30 - 70%). No facility met the criteria for Steps One and Two. Only Step Seven was adhered to by all facilities. Overall compliance with the Code was about 54%. Trained staff attrition, high client-staff ratios, inadequate in-service training for new staff, and inadequate support for regional and national program monitoring were identified as barriers to adherence. Conclusion Poor adherence to Baby-Friendly practices in designated BFHI facilities was observed in urban Accra. Renewed efforts to support monitoring of designated facilities is recommended. PMID:24216173

2013-01-01

20

A little help from my friends: caring for premature babies in a war zone  

PubMed Central

This paper is a narrative of some aspects of my work as a midwife with Médecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in West Africa. I was situated in an isolated north-western regional hospital in an area under rebel military control in 2004–2005 in the Côte d'Ivoire during the civil war which divides the north and south of the country. Access to health care is severely curtailed in this politically unstable environment resulting in much avoidable illness including many premature births. It is a short account of methods used to care for premature babies in a resource poor setting. Equipment was basic, necessitating a creative use of available resources. Providing warmth, oxygen and adequate feeding were often sufficient for a successful outcome for many premature babies. This paper is a combination of descriptions of health care interspersed with case studies. PMID:17274826

Harris, Heather

2007-01-01

21

Pharmaceuticals Policy and Law 9 (2007) 203210 203 A baby friendly state: Lessons from the French case  

E-print Network

Pharmaceuticals Policy and Law 9 (2007) 203­210 203 IOS Press A baby friendly state: Lessons from situation. The more convincing argument, from our point of view, could be the permanent public investment that the "family issue" could be the basis of the French social security system, just as poverty was a cornerstone

Boyer, Edmond

22

[The family-friendly hospital: (how) does it work?].  

PubMed

The demographic development in Germany is heading towards a significant shortage in specialists within the next 10-15 years with an increased demand for health services at the same time. The three-stage model of family life planning (work, family phase, return) will also be gradually replaced by a model of simultaneous compatibility of family and work. This change in values, although initiated by the parents themselves, may turn out to be a crucial countermeasure in national economy against the demography-related loss of qualified personnel. For these three trends the economic need arises to minimize family-related absence of our well-trained, motivated and reliable doctors from the clinical departments through implementation of family-friendly human resources policies and supporting measures by the employers. In a representative survey 26% of respondents with children had in the past already changed their workplace to ensure a better match of work and family duties. In this regard the compatibility of family and professional responsibilities had a higher impact on the selection of the employer than a high income. Accordingly, a work-life competence oriented business plan will represent the crucial factor within the competition between universities, hospitals and professional disciplines to attract high potential bearers although a sustained change of the traditional hospital culture is mandatory. Anaesthesia-related fields of development regarding family-friendly corporate governance are working hours and organization of work, part-time jobs even for managers and fathers, and staff development. In the hospital daily routine, in particular, creative solutions meeting the local demands are deemed necessary that do not involve the use of high financial resources. Family-friendly personnel policy not only arises from altruistic enthusiasm but also pays off economically. This article discusses the necessity, opportunities and threads of family-oriented hospital management and fields of action for anaesthesia departments. PMID:19484192

Heller, A R; Heller, S C

2009-06-01

23

Debating life after disaster: charity hospital babies and bioscientific futures in post-Katrina New Orleans.  

PubMed

In Louisiana's unique, populist-derived charity health system, the self-designation Charity Hospital Baby expresses situational identity anchored in the life cycle and the inversion of racist and authoritative connotations. This article draws on theoretical perspectives of stratified reproduction and the politics of time to examine the controversy in which Babies advocate reopening the Katrina-damaged New Orleans Charity Hospital, and administrators and planners support a new state-of-the-art biosciences district, GNOBED. Babies evoke the present, ethical urgency (kairos) of responding to sickness and disability; GNOBED implies prolonging or saving future lives through biotechnologies under development in accelerated time (chronos). As preservationists and residents threatened with displacement join "re-open Charity" proponents, planners symbolically engage in prolepsis, rhetorically precluding opposing arguments with flash forward of supposedly "done deals." At stake is nothing less than social death for a segment of this ethnically diverse city. [public PMID:21834361

Lovell, Anne M

2011-06-01

24

The Loneliest Babies: Foster Care in the Hospital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses an ignored problem--the plight of infants and toddlers in foster care who find themselves hospitalized. A majority of the children in foster care will be hospitalized for medical treatment while in foster care because they are more likely to have serious medical problems or developmental disabilities than their age peers.…

Dicker, Sheryl

2012-01-01

25

Migrant-friendly hospitals: a paediatric perspective - improving hospital care for migrant children  

PubMed Central

Background The European Union (EU) Migrant-Friendly Hospital (MFH) Initiative, introduced in 2002, promotes the adoption of care approaches adapted to meet the service needs of migrants. However, for paediatric hospitals, no specific recommendations have been offered for MFH care for children. Using the Swiss MFH project as a case study, this paper aims to identify hospital-based care needs of paediatric migrants (PMs) and good service approaches. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with principal project leaders of five paediatric hospitals participating in the Swiss MFH project. A review of the international literature on non-clinical hospital service needs and service responses of paediatric MFHs was conducted. Results Paediatric care can be complex, usually involving both the patient and the patient’s family. Key challenges include differing levels of acculturation between parents and children; language barriers; cultural differences between patient and provider; and time constraints. Current service and infrastructural responses include interpretation services for PMs and parents, translated information material, and special adaptations to ensure privacy, e.g., during breastfeeding. Clear standards for paediatric migrant-friendly hospitals (P-MFH) are lacking. Conclusions International research on hospital care for migrant children is scarce. The needs of paediatric migrants and their families may differ from guidance for adults. Paediatric migrant needs should be systematically identified and used to inform paediatric hospital care approaches. Hospital processes from admission to discharge should be revised to ensure implementation of migrant-sensitive approaches suitable for children. Staff should receive adequate support, such as training, easily available interpreters and sufficient consultation time, to be able to provide migrant-friendly paediatric services. The involvement of migrant groups may be helpful. Improving the quality of care for PMs at both policy and service levels is an investment in the future that will benefit native and migrant families. PMID:24093461

2013-01-01

26

Shaken baby syndrome in Canada: clinical characteristics and outcomes of hospital cases  

PubMed Central

Background Shaken baby syndrome is an extremely serious form of abusive head trauma, the extent of which is unknown in Canada. Our objective was to describe, from a national perspective, the clinical characteristics and outcome of children admitted to hospital with shaken baby syndrome. Methods We performed a retrospective chart review, for the years 1988–1998, of the cases of shaken baby syndrome that were reported to the child protection teams of 11 pediatric tertiary care hospitals in Canada. Shaken baby syndrome was defined as any case reported at each institution of intracranial, intraocular or cervical spine injury resulting from a substantiated or suspected shaking, with or without impact, in children aged less than 5 years. Results The median age of subjects was 4.6 months (range 7 days to 58 months), and 56% were boys. Presenting complaints for the 364 children identified as having shaken baby syndrome were nonspecific (seizure-like episode [45%], decreased level of consciousness [43%] and respiratory difficulty [34%]), though bruising was noted on examination in 46%. A history and/or clinical evidence of previous maltreatment was noted in 220 children (60%), and 80 families (22%) had had previous involvement with child welfare authorities. As a direct result of the shaking, 69 children died (19%) and, of those who survived, 162 (55%) had ongoing neurological injury and 192 (65%) had visual impairment. Only 65 (22%) of those who survived were considered to show no signs of health or developmental impairment at the time of discharge. Interpretation Shaken baby syndrome results in an extremely high degree of mortality and morbidity. Ongoing care of these children places a substantial burden on the medical system, caregivers and society. PMID:12538542

King, W. James; MacKay, Morag; Sirnick, Angela

2003-01-01

27

Age-Related Incidence Curve of Hospitalized Shaken Baby Syndrome Cases: Convergent Evidence for Crying as a Trigger to Shaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether there is an age-specific incidence of hospitalized cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) that has similar properties to the previously reported ''normal crying curve,'' as a form of indirect evidence that crying is an important stimulus for SBS. Design and setting: The study analyzed cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome by…

Barr, Ronald G.; Trent, Roger B.; Cross, Julie

2006-01-01

28

A little help from my friends: caring for premature babies in a war zone  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a narrative of some aspects of my work as a midwife with Médecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in West Africa. I was situated in an isolated north-western regional hospital in an area under rebel military control in 2004–2005 in the Côte d'Ivoire during the civil war which divides the north and south of the country. Access to health

Heather Harris

2007-01-01

29

Changing Patterns of Blood Borne Sepsis in Special Care Baby Unit, Khoula Hospital  

PubMed Central

Objectives Infection is a frequent and important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal units all over the world. Over the years, there has been a shift in the microorganisms responsible for neonatal septicemia. This study aims to analyze the changing patterns of blood borne organisms in the neonatal unit. Methods This retrospective study was undertaken at the neonatal intensive care unit of Khoula Hospital in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman to analyze the incidence of blood borne sepsis and its changing pattern from 1997-2000. Results Out of a total 2181 admissions to the neonatal intensive care unit, 71 (3.25%) babies had positive blood culture. A reduction in the incidence of blood borne sepsis with changing patterns of organisms was seen over the period of four years with incidence of Group B Streptococcus declining from 34% in 1997-1998 to 17.8% in 1999-2000 and the incidence of CONS (Staphylococcus epidermidis) increasing from 20% in 1997-1998 to 35% in 1999-2000. Conclusion Overall, due to survival and prolonged hospitalization of extremely low birth weight babies who need frequent invasive procedures, and the use of powerful antibiotics, the incidence of Staphylococcus epidermidis which was previously thought to be non pathogenic has increased over the years in neonatal intensive care units. PMID:22125709

Gupta, Bhaskar; El Amin, Eisa

2010-01-01

30

Crying babies, tired mothers - challenges of the postnatal hospital stay: an interpretive phenomenological study  

PubMed Central

Background According to an old Swiss proverb, "a new mother lazing in childbed is a blessing to her family". Today mothers rarely enjoy restful days after birth, but enter directly into the challenge of combining baby- and self-care. They often face a combination of infant crying and personal tiredness. Yet, routine postnatal care often lacks effective strategies to alleviate these challenges which can adversely affect family health. We explored how new mothers experience and handle postnatal infant crying and their own tiredness in the context of changing hospital care practices in Switzerland. Methods Purposeful sampling was used to enroll 15 mothers of diverse parity and educational backgrounds, all of who had given birth to a full term healthy neonate. Using interpretive phenomenology, we analyzed interview and participant observation data collected during the postnatal hospital stay and at 6 and 12 weeks post birth. This paper reports on the postnatal hospital experience. Results Women's personal beliefs about beneficial childcare practices shaped how they cared for their newborn's and their own needs during the early postnatal period in the hospital. These beliefs ranged from an infant-centered approach focused on the infant's development of a basic sense of trust to an approach that balanced the infants' demands with the mother's personal needs. Getting adequate rest was particularly difficult for mothers striving to provide infant-centered care for an unsettled neonate. These mothers suffered from sleep deprivation and severe tiredness unless they were able to leave the baby with health professionals for several hours during the night. Conclusion New mothers often need permission to attend to their own needs, as well as practical support with childcare to recover from birth especially when neonates are fussy. To strengthen family health from the earliest stage, postnatal care should establish conditions which enable new mothers to balance the care of their infant with their own needs. PMID:20462462

2010-01-01

31

Age-related incidence curve of hospitalized Shaken Baby Syndrome cases: Convergent evidence for crying as a trigger to shaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo determine whether there is an age-specific incidence of hospitalized cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) that has similar properties to the previously reported “normal crying curve,” as a form of indirect evidence that crying is an important stimulus for SBS.

Ronald G. Barr; Roger B. Trent; Julie Cross

2006-01-01

32

In the NICU: Your Family and Friends  

MedlinePLUS

... baby's care. Overview FAQ E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a ... been added to your dashboard . Your family and friends After your baby's arrival, some family members and ...

33

A system-wide analysis using a senior-friendly hospital framework identifies current practices and opportunities for improvement in the care of hospitalized older adults.  

PubMed

Older adults are vulnerable to hospital-associated complications such as falls, pressure ulcers, functional decline, and delirium, which can contribute to prolonged hospital stay, readmission, and nursing home placement. These vulnerabilities are exacerbated when the hospital's practices, services, and physical environment are not sufficiently mindful of the complex, multidimensional needs of frail individuals. Several frameworks have emerged to help hospitals examine how organization-wide processes can be customized to avoid these complications. This article describes the application of one such framework-the Senior-Friendly Hospital (SFH) framework adopted in Ontario, Canada-which comprises five interrelated domains: organizational support, processes of care, emotional and behavioral environment, ethics in clinical care and research, and physical environment. This framework provided the blueprint for a self-assessment of all 155 adult hospitals across the province of Ontario. The system-wide analysis identified practice gaps and promising practices within each domain of the SFH framework. Taken together, these results informed 12 recommendations to support hospitals at all stages of development in becoming friendly to older adults. Priorities for system-wide action were identified, encouraging hospitals to implement or further develop their processes to better address hospital-acquired delirium and functional decline. These recommendations led to collaborative action across the province, including the development of an online toolkit and the identification of accountability indicators to support hospitals in quality improvement focusing on senior-friendly care. PMID:25355067

Wong, Ken S; Ryan, David P; Liu, Barbara A

2014-11-01

34

Ocular manifestations and prognosis of shaken baby syndrome in two Japanese children’s hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To distinguish the profiles of patients and ophthalmologic features and to describe the prognosis of shaken baby syndrome\\u000a (SBS) in Japan.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Charts of child abuse cases involving retinal hemorrhage at Kanagawa Children’s Medical Center and the National Center for\\u000a Child Health and Development between January 1997 and December 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean follow-up period\\u000a was 22.2 months (range,

Yuri Kobayashi; Kayoko Yamada; Shizuko Ohba; Sachiko Nishina; Makiko Okuyama; Noriyuki Azuma

2009-01-01

35

Special report. Hospitals that are becoming 'hotel friendly' to guests ... and the role played by security officers.  

PubMed

Faced with increasing competition, hospitals in New York City are developing programs to become more user friendly and, like hotels, to treat patients more as "guests" than as "customers." These programs, which have particular applications for security personnel, are also seeking to improve communications and relationships among the hospital's medical staff and other employees. In this report, we'll describe some of these efforts in which hospitals are turning to hoteliers, consultants, and others for advice in the area of customer service, and the role seen for hospital security. PMID:10154274

1996-01-01

36

A "Migrant Friendly Hospital" Initiative in Geneva, Switzerland: Evaluation of the Effects on Staff Knowledge and Practices  

PubMed Central

Background International migration poses important challenges to European health care systems. The development of “migrant friendly hospitals” has been identified as a priority in both Europe and Switzerland. Methods A multi-pronged initiative was developed at Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) to improve staff knowledge and use of existing “migrant friendly” resources. A self-administered questionnaire was sent pre and post-intervention to random samples of 4 major professional groups with direct patient contact at the HUG. The questionnaire assessed staff knowledge, attitudes and reported practices regarding the care of migrant patients. Results Overall response rate was 51% (N?=?1460) in 2010 but only 19% (N?=?761) in 2013 owing to an institutionally imposed change in survey method. Despite these difficulties, and after adjusting for sample differences, we found that respondents in 2013 were significantly more likely to have received training in how to organize an appointment with an interpreter, how to work with an interpreter and about health and social services available for migrant patients. Respondents were also significantly more likely to have used several Migrant Friendly structures at the HUG. Use of, preference for and perceived skill at working with professional interpreters all improved, and respondents were both more likely to be encouraged by their supervisors to use professional interpreters, and less likely to be encouraged to look for alternative solutions for communicating with non francophone patients. Finally, 2013 respondents encountered fewer difficulties caring for migrant patients, although lack of time and language barriers continued to be the most important sources of difficulty. Conclusion Our results suggest that an institution-wide information campaign may contribute to increased awareness and use of migrant friendly resources by clinical staff. Hospital commitment and financing, along with inter-departmental participation in all activities were important in creating and maintaining project visibility, and in contributing to a migrant friendly institutional culture.

Hudelson, Patricia; Dominice Dao, Melissa; Perneger, Thomas; Durieux-Paillard, Sophie

2014-01-01

37

Shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Fourteen cases of shaken baby syndrome seen between 1993 to 1997 at the Kaohsiung Medical College Hospital were reviewed. The common clinical presentations were seizure, respiratory problem and disturbed consciousness. The signs and symptoms of this form of head trauma were nonspecific. The findings may mimic infection, intoxication, seizure disorder or metabolic abnormalities. The CT scan is the most common diagnostic tool in cases of suspected shaken baby syndrome. The common CT findings were acute subdural hematoma followed by chronic subdural hematoma and subarachnoid hemorrhage. One infant died due to delay in seeking medical help. Five patients sustained significant morbidity which included developmental delay, seizure, motor deficit and visual impairment. Early recognition and prompt treatment were key to the overall success of case management. The incidence of shaken baby syndrome can be reduced through public awareness and education of the parents not to shake the baby. PMID:9542368

Loh, J K; Chang, D S; Kuo, T H; Howng, S L

1998-02-01

38

After a baby has died.  

PubMed

Princess Alexandra Hospital in Harlow has developed and innovative staff training course, 'Death of a Baby', which has improved the care provided to parents who have lost a baby. It is open to all hospital staff, who are taught how to communicate sensitively and how to answer parents' questions about practical issues. The course also equips staff to cope with their own feelings of distress and loss in such a situation, and to be able to support each other. PMID:23944798

Moore, Alison

39

Supporting Fathers in a NICU: Effects of the HUG Your Baby Program on Fathers' Understanding of Preterm Infant Behavior  

PubMed Central

Fathers of preterm babies in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are under stress. Lack of knowledge about a preterm infant’s behavior challenges new fathers who may be required to make decisions about the hospitalized infant, to update concerned family and friends, and to provide support to the mother while she recovers from giving birth. The NICU nurses have the opportunity to support and guide these new fathers, although no previous research has confirmed how to do so effectively. This study confirmed that using The HUG Your Baby DVD and family-friendly educational program with fathers of preterm babies in a NICU increased fathers’ knowledge of infant behavior and, as previous research suggests, is likely to boost fathers’ confidence and to promote the parent–child relationship and strengthen the family unit. PMID:24421604

Kadivar, Maliheh; Mozafarinia, Seyedeh Maryam

2013-01-01

40

Supporting Fathers in a NICU: Effects of the HUG Your Baby Program on Fathers' Understanding of Preterm Infant Behavior.  

PubMed

Fathers of preterm babies in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are under stress. Lack of knowledge about a preterm infant's behavior challenges new fathers who may be required to make decisions about the hospitalized infant, to update concerned family and friends, and to provide support to the mother while she recovers from giving birth. The NICU nurses have the opportunity to support and guide these new fathers, although no previous research has confirmed how to do so effectively. This study confirmed that using The HUG Your Baby DVD and family-friendly educational program with fathers of preterm babies in a NICU increased fathers' knowledge of infant behavior and, as previous research suggests, is likely to boost fathers' confidence and to promote the parent-child relationship and strengthen the family unit. PMID:24421604

Kadivar, Maliheh; Mozafarinia, Seyedeh Maryam

2013-01-01

41

An outbreak of Serratia marcescens infection in a special-care baby unit of a community hospital in United Arab Emirates: the importance of the air conditioner duct as a nosocomial reservoir  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report an outbreak of Serratia marcescens infection in a special-care baby unit (SCBU) of a university-affiliated community hospital in the United Arab Emirates. The outbreak involved 36 infants and lasted for 20 weeks. Seven of the colonized infants developed invasive illnesses in the form of bacteraemia (four cases), bacteraemic meningitis (two) and clinical sepsis (one). Three other term infants

S. A. Uduman; A. S. Farrukh; K. N. R. Nath; M. Y. H. Zuhair; A. Ifrah; A. D. Khawla; P. Sunita

2002-01-01

42

Implementing a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol-helping babies breathe at birth (HBB) - at a tertiary level hospital in Nepal for an increased perinatal survival  

PubMed Central

Background Reducing neonatal death has been an emerging challenge in low and middle income countries in the past decade. The development of the low cost interventions and their effective delivery are needed to reduce deaths from birth asphyxia. This study will assess the impact of a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol provided by Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) at a tertiary hospital in Nepal. Perinatal outcomes and performance of skilled birth attendants on management of intrapartum-related neonatal hypoxia will be the main measurements. Methods/Design The study will be carried out at a tertiary level maternity hospital in Nepal. A prospective cohort-study will include a six-month baseline a six month intervention period and a three-month post intervention period. A quality improvement process cycle will introduce the neonatal resuscitation protocol. A surveillance system, including CCD cameras and pulse oximeters, will be set up to evaluate the intervention. Discussion Along with a technique to improve health workers performance on the protocol, the study will generate evidence on the research gap on the effectiveness of the simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol on intrapartum outcome and early neonatal survival. This will generate a global interest and inform policymaking in relation to delivery care in all income settings. Trial registration ISRCTN97846009 PMID:23039709

2012-01-01

43

Baby Steps to Better Care: One Hospital's Story of Success in Health Care Improvement for Newborns and Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multidisciplinary support for families of newborns is critical for their health and safety. This article describes three programs at one urban hospital which were implemented to (a) improve breastfeeding support, (b) enhance practitioners' observation and communication skills, and (c) provide a comprehensive social response to the urgent…

Minear, Susan; Pedulla, Mary Jo; Philipp, Barbara L.

2009-01-01

44

Breastfeeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

How does breastfeeding benefit my baby? Breastfeeding benefits your baby in the following ways: • Breast milk provides the perfect mix of ... health problems that preterm babies face. How does breastfeeding my baby benefit me? Breastfeeding is good for ...

45

Choosing Safe Baby Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Safe Baby Products: Infant Seats & Child Safety Seats (Car Seats) Choosing Safe Baby Products: Playpens Choosing Safe Baby Products: Strollers Choosing Safe Baby Products: Toys For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON ...

46

Baby Weight  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson students use a rule of thumb about the weight of babies to practice doubling and halving numbers. They complete an organized table and compare data using vertical and horizontal double bar graphs. The lesson includes a student activity sheet and extension ideas.

Cook, Marcy

2008-01-01

47

In re Baby K.  

PubMed

The District Court of the Eastern District of Virginia denied a hospital's application for a declaratory judgment stating that withholding ventilator treatment from an anencephalic infant over the mother's objection would not violate federal or state law. The mother's refusal to give consent to withhold ventilator assistance when the baby experienced respiratory distress was against the advice of her doctor and the hospital's medical ethics committee. The court did not grant the hospital's application, holding that the hospital was legally obligated to provide the treatment based on the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, the Rehabilitation Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Child Abuse Amendments of 1984, and the Virginia Medical Malpractice Act. PMID:11648613

1993-07-01

48

Shaken baby syndrome and a baby's cry.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between crying of an infant and inflicted head injury by shaking and/or impact. During the period between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2003, 26 cases of shaken baby syndrome (SBS) were identified in Estonia. The incidence of SBS was 28.7 per 100,000 children under 1 year of age during the whole study period. In this group there were four children from twin pairs: two twin boys and a girl from a twin pair and a boy from another twin pair. This represents 15.4% of the 26 cases. Twins in Estonia represent 2.12% of infant births. The mean age on admission was 3.9 months. According to outpatient records almost all parents (88.5%) in the study group (23/26) had contacted their family physicians and other specialists because of excessive crying or irritability of the baby prior to the admission to the hospital with SBS or death. We found that the time curve of crying was similar to the curve of highest incidence of cases of SBS except the crying curve began earlier. CONCLUSION. Our data confirm that the families with twins are at additional risk for SBS and parent's complaints of excessive crying of their infants should be taken as signal that parents need to be carefully counselled. PMID:18397351

Talvik, Inga; Alexander, Randell C; Talvik, Tiina

2008-06-01

49

Hazards of baby walkers in a European context  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS:

E. Petridou; E. Simou; C. Skondras; G. Pistevos; P. Lagos; G. Papoutsakis

1996-01-01

50

BabyCenter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyCenter, provided by BabyCenter, Inc., aims to be a clearinghouse of information for expectant or new parents. Users can consult the Baby Monitor (digests of late breaking news), an interactive baby namer, an Ask the Experts section, and several relevant calculators (including an immunization scheduler, a due date calculator, and a budgeting for baby estimator). The site also contains various short articles in six major areas including pregnancy, family life, and working parents.

1997-01-01

51

Reducing perinatal mortality among Indigenous babies in Queensland: should the first priority be better primary health care or better access to hospital care during confinement?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The perinatal mortality rate among Indigenous Australians is still double that of the rest of the community. The aim of our study was to estimate the extent to which increased risk of low birthweight and preterm birth among Indigenous babies in Queensland account for their continuing mortality excess. If a large proportion of excess deaths can be explained by

Trisha Johnston; Michael Coory

2005-01-01

52

Measuring newborn foot length to identify small babies in need of extra care: a cross sectional hospital based study with community follow-up in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality because of low birth weight or prematurity remains high in many developing country settings. This research aimed to estimate the sensitivity and specificity, and the positive and negative predictive values of newborn foot length to identify babies who are low birth weight or premature and in need of extra care in a rural African setting. METHODS: A

Tanya Marchant; Jennie Jaribu; Suzanne Penfold; Marcel Tanner; Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg

2010-01-01

53

Laundering Your Baby's Clothes  

MedlinePLUS

... may be time to switch to a regular liquid detergent. Unless your baby has allergies , eczema/topic dermatitis , ... isn't likely to irritate your baby's skin. Liquid detergents sometimes rinse out easier than powder detergents do, ...

54

Your Colicky Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... of swallowing too much air while crying. Some theories suggest that colic occurs when food moves too ... baby's digestive system or is incompletely digested. Other theories are that colic is due to a baby's ...

55

Shaken baby symptoms (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Shaken baby syndrome is a severe form of head injury caused by the baby's brain rebounding inside of the baby's skull when shaken. In this injury there is bruising of the brain, swelling, pressure, and bleeding (intracerebral hemorrhage). This can easily ...

56

The Physics of Babies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the 2011 birth of my daughter I have been a 100% as a stay-at-home dad and 50% researcher. My ``Routine Adventures'' in the baby universe are the subject of this fun talk that presents the unique challenges of baby physics. Topics include ``Schroedinger's Baby'' and ``The Entropy of Rice.''

Shemella, Philip

2013-03-01

57

Your Premature Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... sick newborns. But thanks to advances in medical care, even babies born very prematurely are more likely to survive today ... area that may be able to help you care for your baby. Last reviewed October 2013 See also: Babies born 3 to 6 weeks early , The premature infant: ...

58

Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson

1989-01-01

59

An outbreak of Serratia marcescens infection in a special-care baby unit of a community hospital in United Arab Emirates: the importance of the air conditioner duct as a nosocomial reservoir.  

PubMed

We report an outbreak of Serratia marcescens infection in a special-care baby unit (SCBU) of a university-affiliated community hospital in the United Arab Emirates. The outbreak involved 36 infants and lasted for 20 weeks. Seven of the colonized infants developed invasive illnesses in the form of bacteraemia (four cases), bacteraemic meningitis (two) and clinical sepsis (one). Three other term infants had purulent conjunctivitis. There were five deaths with an overall mortality of 14%. S. marcescens was cultured from airflow samples from the air conditioning (AC) which was the reservoir of infection in this outbreak. Elimination of the nosocomial source and outbreak containment were eventually achieved by specialized robotic cleaning of the entire AC duct system of the SCBU. Strict adherence to the infection control policies was reinforced to prevent transmission of cross-infection. PMID:12419269

Uduman, S A; Farrukh, A S; Nath, K N R; Zuhair, M Y H; Ifrah, A; Khawla, A D; Sunita, P

2002-11-01

60

Baby Check and the Avon infant mortality study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty seven sudden, unexpected infant deaths from the Avon study were scored retrospectively for serious illness using a modified version of Baby Check. Three cases (8%) scored very highly. In a small proportion of sudden deaths, Baby Check could have identified serious illness before death and led to hospital admission.

T J Cole; R E Gilbert; P J Fleming; C J Morley; P T Rudd; P J Berry

1991-01-01

61

Examining the influence of casino attributes on baby boomers’ satisfaction and loyalty in the casino industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The baby boomer market draws attention from the hospitality industry due to its economic power and substantial size. Despite the importance of this market segment, no empirical research to date has provided effective strategies to maximise baby boomer casino visitors’ satisfaction and loyalty. The purposes of this study were: (1) to investigate possible casino attributes that influence baby boomer casino

Sang Mi Jeon; Sunghyup Sean Hyun

2012-01-01

62

Hepatology in the 21st century. Gene transfer, hepatocyte transplantation, DNA chips, cyberspace and ... a friendly hospital.  

PubMed

What to expect for hepatology in the 21st century? If science is allowed to proceed at its current rate, expectations can hardly be underestimated. Bound by the present day's limitations we are only able to see a glimpse of what could be available 100 years from now. For the next few decades, the global eradication of viral hepatitis will be on the agenda. For the treatment of inherited and acquired metabolic, toxic and immune liver disease, targeted drugs, genes and antisense oligonucleotides will be added to our therapeutic repertoire. The completion of the human genome project in 2003 will have far-reaching consequences: the widespread use of prenatal diagnosis, using DNA chip technology, may be expected to cause a dramatic decrease in the incidence of inherited diseases. Liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and inborn errors of metabolism may be treated by gene transfer or gene repair therapy. Although eventually these developments may decrease the need for organ transplantation, this by no means is the case yet and no solution is available for an increased demand and a decreased supply of organs. In the long run, diseases caused by multi-drug-resistant infectious agents and diseases associated with the abuse of alcohol and drugs are expected to become major problems. The future of university-based research is uncertain. The staggering costs of research and limited career possibilities may force universities to the limited task of higher education, with as a result biotech companies, shareholders and corporate finance ruling the scientific waves in the next century. The 21st century patient will know the way in cyberspace and will go shopping for the best doctor, for the best treatment and for the best, or friendliest, hospital. PMID:10628176

Jansen, P L

1999-12-01

63

Using Blood Tests to Identify Babies and Criminals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn the genetics and immunobiology of the ABO blood type system, using simple chemicals and logical reasoning to solve a murder mystery and to determine whether two babies were switched in the hospital.

Doherty, Jennifer; Waldron, Ingrid

64

Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features

D N Gleadhill; W J Robson; R E Cudmore; R R Turnock

1987-01-01

65

Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs  

MedlinePLUS

... Social Media: Connect With Us Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs KidsHealth > Parents > First Aid & Safety > Home Sweet Home > Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs Print A A A Text Size Baby ...

66

Shaken Baby Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shaken Baby Syndrome is a serious form of child abuse, involving infants under the age of six months. Deliberately shaking an infant is often associated with frustration or anger, particularly when an infant will not stop crying. The shaking results in numerous initial and long-term consequences for the developing infant. In its most severe form Shaken Baby Syndrome results in

Shannon LaEace Macdonald; Christine A. Helfrich

2001-01-01

67

Birds, Bees and Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study designed to determine which particular aspects of pregnancy, birth, and babies were of most interest to 8-year-old children. Children were interested in details of a baby's behavior and development as well as the impact of its arrival on the parents. There were distinct gender differences in those topics, which particularly…

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

1997-01-01

68

Shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

1. Child abuse, in the form of Shaken Baby syndrome, has reached a critical level. 2. Education on a national level is crucial for change to help save the victims of Shaken Baby syndrome. The national statistics for child abuse reinforce that the United States must deal with the issue and focus on education. 3. Health care providers are in a strategic position to offer primary and secondary prevention interventions, to identify families at risk, and to recognize victims of Shaken Baby syndrome. PMID:7500305

Butler, G L

1995-09-01

69

Friend Finder  

MedlinePLUS

Friend Finder (Game) Email Embed Grab this Game :  

MedlinePLUS

... First Test Learn about our initiative. » View more Innovation in Newborn Screening The latest research, news and funding opportunities » View more Innovation About Baby's First Test Contact Us Health Disclaimer ...

72

Shaken baby syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... of whiplash, similar to what occurs in some auto accidents. Shaken baby syndrome does not result from ... with the child if you feel out of control. Contact a local crisis hotline or child abuse ...

73

Bonding with Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... baby is probably one of the most pleasurable aspects of infant care. You can begin by cradling ... feel more confident about all of the amazing aspects of raising your little one. Reviewed by: Larissa ...

74

Can Baby Hear?  

MedlinePLUS

... Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Can Baby Hear? Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table of Contents For ... Photo courtesy of NIH/NIDCD "Yes!" says newborn hearing screening At dawn on January 1, 2007, Evelyn ...

75

Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)  

MedlinePLUS

... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...

76

Feeding Baby Beeves.  

E-print Network

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT- STATION BULLETIN NO. 198 NOVEMBER, 1916 DIVISION OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY FEEDING BABY BEEVES COLLEGE POSTOFFICE : STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMA'IN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1916. [Blank... Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 198 NOVEMBER, 19 16 ---- DIVISION OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY FEEDING BABY BEEVES J. C. BURNS, B. S. Animal Husbandry, Feeding 1 nvestigations ' POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION...

Burns, John C.

1916-01-01

77

Infants & Toddlers: "Baby Moves"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By three to four months of age, most babies placed on their tummies on a safe, warm surface push down with their arms and raise their chests, so that they can turn their heads to look about at the world around them. By five months, babies stretch both feet and hands upward in order to swipe at interesting mobiles placed overhead. At seven to nine…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2007-01-01

78

Cree Baby Talk and Universal Baby Talk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of this thesis is to identify the lexical, syntactic\\/inflectional and phonological features of East Cree Baby Talk (henceforth BT) as a way of understanding how children acquire the highly complex standard adult (SA) forms. I demonstrate that the early linguistic features are universal and that significant variation among languages occurs subsequent to the BT stage.\\u000aAs a result

Linda M. Jones

1988-01-01

79

Smallpox vaccination in new born babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The results of neonatal smallpox vaccinations carried out in the Sassoon General Hospitals. Poona are presented. The success\\u000a rate of 98.91% was found which clearly shows the ability of infants to produce antibodies to a potent and powerful antigen\\u000a like vaccinia virus. It seems, therefore, that in spite of having an immature immune mechanism, the baby can be conveniently\\u000a and

Ramesh Bidwe; Maya Natu; P. V. Sathe

1971-01-01

80

The baby killers are still at large.  

PubMed

This newspaper editorial reports that the UN Children's Fund's (UNICEF) executive director and recent US Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient believes that 1.5 million infants would survive annually if breast feeding declines worldwide were reversed. UNICEF adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes in the World Health Assembly in 1981. The code restricts direct advertising, inadequate labels, saleswomen dressed as nurses, and promotion of free samples. The Baby Food Action Network is reported to have released a report which states that baby food companies are still donating free supplies of infant formula to hospitals. The UNICEF position is that provision of free supplies is the most important disincentive to breast feeding. 81 governments adopted the guidelines, but 41 countries have hospitals which accept free samples. 28 of these 41 countries adopted the ban. The Nestle Company, which was cited 20 years age for this practice, won the legal battle and today defies the guidelines in 22 countries, including China, Zimbabwe, and Bangladesh. A US company, Mead Johnson, uses advertising on its label that shows Beatrice Potter's Peter Rabbit being bottle fed. The International Code restricts idealization of bottle feeding. Nutrician, a large conglomerate ownership of US and European infant formula companies, brazenly advertises in the Peruvian daily newspapers with photos of baby milk boxes being donated to hospitals. Dr. Derek Jelliffe, an infant nutritionist, is credited with being the first to publicize the dangers of commercialized malnutrition 21 years ago. PMID:12319575

Power, J

1994-08-12

81

When Babies Scream: Why Babies Scream and What to Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a baby screams, that is a signal that all is not well for the body of the baby, for her emotional well-being, and/or for the baby's relationship with the teacher. During the first year of life, infants learn that adults are in control of providing reassuring care. Adults will "make things better" when a baby's tummy feels horribly empty, when…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

82

Dinosaur Eggs and Babies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last couple of decades the study of dinosaur eggs and babies has proved to be one of the most exciting and profitable areas of dinosaur research. This is the first book solely devoted to this topic and reviews, in scientific detail, our present state of knowledge about this exciting area of palaeontology. Chapters in the book discuss all aspects of the science including the occurrence of eggs, nests and baby skeletons, descriptive osteology of juvenile skeletons, comparative histology of juvenile bone, analyses of eggs and egg shells, palaeoenvironments of nesting sites, nesting behaviour and developmental growth of baby dinosaurs. The volume will be an invaluable addition to the book collections of vertebrate palaeontologists and their graduate students.

Carpenter, Kenneth; Hirsch, Karl F.; Horner, John R.

1996-01-01

83

Mom and Baby Skin Care  

MedlinePLUS

... and baby skin care Mom and baby skin care Skin care concerns during and after pregnancy Melasma Also known ... chilled product can help alleviate the itch. Hair care concerns during and after pregnancy Excessive hair growth ...

84

Do Baby Products Prevent SIDS?  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Articulos en Espanol Do Baby Products Prevent SIDS? FDA Says No Search the Consumer ... to prevent manufacturers of over-the-counter sleep products for babies from claiming that their use will ...

85

Identifying Babies with Hearing Loss  

MedlinePLUS

... this? Submit Button CDC Features Identifying Babies with Hearing Loss Share Compartir Each year in the U.S., thousands of babies are born with a hearing loss. An undetected hearing loss can affect a ...

86

Healthy Mouth for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... talks with Maria? Protect your baby's teeth with fluoride Check and clean your baby's teeth Feed your ... dentist say?” asked Ann. “She told me that fluoride protects teeth. She also said to feed my ...

87

Caring for Your Premature Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... this problem. Some premature babies have an eye disease called retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In babies who have this condition, the small blood vessels in the eye grow abnormally. ROP usually only ...

88

Parents Are Baby's First and  

E-print Network

Check with your doctor, nurse, or clinic about the immunizations your baby needs. Immunizations help for an immunization schedule so you can keep track of his immuniza- tions. Keep going to the well baby visitsParents Are Baby's First and Best Teachers Take Good Care of Yourself Your child will learn more

Johnson, Eric E.

89

Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

2009-01-01

90

Review of shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

1. Shaken baby syndrome can lead to substantial neuropsychological deficits that can alter children's normal developmental course. 2. Clinical acumen can be critical in identifying shaken baby syndrome and preventing further difficulties. 3. Education and treatment for caregivers can be important in reducing the likelihood of shaken baby syndrome. PMID:11968533

Goldberg, Kenneth B; Goldberg, Richard E

2002-04-01

91

Positioning your baby for breastfeeding  

MedlinePLUS

... Adjust your baby’s position if you need to. FOOTBALL HOLD Use the football hold if you had a C-section. This ... large breasts or flat nipples also like the football hold. Hold your baby like a football. Tuck ...

92

Baby Brain Map  

MedlinePLUS

... can tailor to the needs of their own child and family. Click here to listen to or download the podcasts. This podcast series is generously funded by MetLife Foundation. Baby Brain Map Home > Behavior & Development > Brain Development Welcome to ...

93

Baby Steps: How \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an empirical study of two very simple approaches to unsupervised grammar induction. Both are based on Klein and Manning's Dependency Model with Valence. The first, Baby Steps, requires no initialization and bootstraps itself via iterated learning of increasingly longer sentences. This method substantially exceeds Klein and Manning's published numbers and achieves39.4% accuracy on Section 23 of the Wall

Valentin I. Spitkovsky; Hiyan Alshawi; Daniel Jurafsky

94

Selecting the Perfect Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter, Molly, was born with a rare genetic disorder. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes' hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby's u

Omarzu, Julia

2002-09-01

95

Dogs Over Babies  

E-print Network

wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2007-08-19

96

Shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a violent act of abuse that can cause myriad neurologic, cognitive, and other functional deficits. In the most serious cases, death can result. Health care practitioners, child care providers, and parents must be educated on the signs of SBS. Cases should be thoroughly reviewed and prevention strategies developed to prevent future incidents. PMID:17073042

Miehl, Nickolaus J

2005-01-01

97

Successful breast feeding in spite of early mother-baby separation for neonatal care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: to study the effects on breast feeding duration of mother-baby separation after birth, owing to full-term babies' care in a neonatal unit for a maximum of six days.Design: retrospective review of medical records and telephone interviews with mothers.Setting: a level II and III NICU in a University Hospital.Participants: 148 mother-baby pairs in a separated group and 3516 in a

Kirstin Hedberg Nyqvist; Ewald

1997-01-01

98

How do babies know their friends and foes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of infant social cognition is the study of how human infants acquire information about people. By examining infants’\\u000a sensory abilities and the stimulus characteristics of people, research can determine what information is available to infants\\u000a from their social world. We can then consider what social environments are appropriate for infants of different ages. This\\u000a paper examines the sociocognitive

Lonnie R. Sherrod

1990-01-01

99

Aloof Baby Skyrmions  

E-print Network

We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

2014-09-29

100

Shaken-baby-Syndrom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  Das Shaken-baby-Syndrom (SBS) oder Schütteltrauma des Säuglings beschreibt die Koinzidenz subduraler Hämatome, retinaler Blutungen\\u000a und prognostisch ungünstiger, diffuser Hirnschäden durch heftiges Schütteln eines Säuglings. Die klinischen Symptome umfassen\\u000a Irritabilität, Trinkschwierigkeiten, Somnolenz, Apathie, zerebrale Krampfanfälle, Apnoe, Temperaturregulationsstörungen und\\u000a Erbrechen durch Hirndruck. Leichtere Symptome des SBS werden häufig nicht diagnostiziert, die Dunkelziffer ist wahrscheinlich\\u000a viel höher. Die Diagnose des SBS wird durch

W. Reith; T. Rohrer; F. Ahlhelm; P. Papanagiotou

2009-01-01

101

Safe Baby university  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeUnsafe sleep is the number one killer of children from 1 month to 1 year of age. In Wayne County, infants are at high risk for death due to unsafe sleep. Detroit has the highest infant mortality in Michigan.MethodsSafe Baby university addresses the lack of knowledge that parents\\/caregivers have regarding unsafe sleep and other top causes of injury and death

K Rosenthal; S J Smith; J Moss; R Schwenn; R Davis; L Cain-Martin

2010-01-01

102

Whose Baby is That?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This inquiry-based 5E lesson provides an initial look at categorizing items into 2 categories. Visuals of animals are used to begin the classifying/categorizing of animals and their babies. Students will practice categorizing in pairs and will be given the categories to use. They will then explain the placement of each item in the category. The teacher will ask guiding questions and facilitate the lesson to ensure comprehension of the material.

Worley, Chris

2012-07-27

103

Shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 35-day-old male infant with presumed shaken baby syndrome is reported. This first born child to mother educated upto middle\\u000a school and father tailor by occupation was brought from a remote village 180 kms away from JIPMER. Poor feeding, focal clonic\\u000a seizures were the initial symptoms. The fundus examination revealed fresh preretinal and vitreous hemorrhages. CT Brain showed\\u000a right sided

T. Arun Babu; C. Venkatesh; S. Mahadevan

2009-01-01

104

Shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Shaken baby syndrome is a significant cause of infant morbidity and mortality and is widely recognized in the medical literature. Classic signs include retinal hemorrhage, subdural or subarachnoid hemorrhage, and associated fractures. Most victims are younger than 6 months old and have been affected by violent shaking with rapid angular deceleration and possible terminal impact. This article summarizes issues related to clinical presentation, diagnosis, risk factors, and interventions for healthcare professionals. PMID:12803149

Smith, Julie

2003-01-01

105

The Baby's First Breath  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page of Hyperphysics, from Georgia State University, uses elasticity to explain why a baby needs help--like a smack on the bottom--to take its first breath and also why people with emphysema have so much difficulty exhaling. Another section explains why capillaries can be extremely thin, whereas large arteries must have strong, thick walls. A third section describes the physics of the aneurysm, a bulge in the walls of a larger artery.

Nave, Rod

2010-01-14

106

Having Healthy Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Inside: Having Healthy BabiesThis booklet summarizes what health professionals know about healthy babies and mothers. It shows women how to avoid or reduce the health risks of pregnancy, provides information about the development of healthy infants and toddlers, and outlines the steps of pregnancy from conception to labor and delivery to postnatal care. Having Healthy Babies directs readers to more sources of information and to the latest scientific research.The Science Inside e-book series is intended to be a bridge between the consumer health brochure and the scientific paper, the booklets in this series focus on the science that is inside of, or behind, the disease its cause, its possible cure, its treatment, promising research, and so on. These booklets are designed to appeal to people who have not had the opportunity to study the science and to understand why they may have been given some of the advice that they have been given through some of the more consumer-oriented materials.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science;)

2003-01-01

107

BabiesSleep SafestonTheirBacks  

E-print Network

's sleep area, and keep all other items away from your baby's face. Do not allow smoking around your baby. Don't smoke before or after the birth of your baby, and don't let others smoke around your baby BabiesSleep SafestonTheirBacks Includes 2005 American Academy of Pediatrics Recommendations R

Rau, Don C.

108

The E-baby Data Warehouse: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) require equipment and facilities to assist and monitor premature and some term babies. This equipment outputs physiological and clinical data, but current research does not provide doctors with techniques for capturing this data in a format suitable for analysis and research. Additionally, regional hospitals provide limited NICU support, but without access to a Neonatologist, the

Carolyn Mcgregor; George Bryan; Joanne Curry; Mark Tracy

2002-01-01

109

MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL PATIENT AND FAMILY ADVISORY COUNCILS  

E-print Network

designation. In 2008, the hospital was redesignated a Magnet hospital. Massachusetts General Hospital is a 957 outpatient visits Records 95,765 emergency room visits Performs 41,304 operations Delivers 3,699 babies

Mootha, Vamsi K.

110

Helping Friends and Family  

MedlinePLUS

... your local chapter Join our online community Helping Friends and Family Part of living well with Alzheimerâ??s ... grandchildren can learn more about Alzheimer's. Helping your friends back to top Friends, co-workers and neighbors ...

111

Shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

A 35-day-old male infant with presumed shaken baby syndrome is reported. This first born child to mother educated upto middle school and father tailor by occupation was brought from a remote village 180 kms away from JIPMER. Poor feeding, focal clonic seizures were the initial symptoms. The fundus examination revealed fresh preretinal and vitreous hemorrhages. CT Brain showed right sided subdural hemorrhage with subarachnoid extension and midline shift. He had a normal platelet count and coagulation profile. The sensorium deteriorated and infant expired despite adequate ventilatory support. PMID:19904512

Arun Babu, T; Venkatesh, C; Mahadevan, S

2009-09-01

112

Understanding shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Health care professionals involved in the care of infants are in an ideal position to identify and to educate families, the public, and other health care professionals about the risk factors, dangers, and consequences of infant shaking. The purpose of this article is to review the incidence, biomechanics, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and prognosis of shaken baby syndrome (SBS), as well as to encourage involvement in SBS prevention through the use of a family teaching tool. Education is essential to decrease the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of SBS. PMID:15138993

Carbaugh, Suzanne Franklin

2004-04-01

113

Shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Non-accidental head trauma in infants is the leading cause of infant death from injury. Clinical features that suggest head trauma (also known as shaken baby syndrome or shaken impact syndrome) include the triad consisting of retinal hemorrhage, subdural, and/or subarachnoid hemorrhage in an infant with little signs of external trauma. Abusive head injuries are among the most common causes of serious and lethal injuries in children. These injuries may result from impact or shaking or a combination of these mechanisms. These mechanisms cause the child's head to undergo acceleration/ deceleration movements, which may create inertial movement of the brain within the cranial compartment. PMID:18287904

Altimier, Leslie

2008-01-01

114

Baby-Crying Acceptance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The baby's crying is his most important mean of communication. The crying monitoring performed by devices that have been developed doesn't ensure the complete safety of the child. It is necessary to join, to these technological resources, means of communicating the results to the responsible, which would involve the digital processing of information available from crying. The survey carried out, enabled to understand the level of adoption, in the continental territory of Portugal, of a technology that will be able to do such a digital processing. It was used the TAM as the theoretical referential. The statistical analysis showed that there is a good probability of acceptance of such a system.

Martins, Tiago; de Magalhães, Sérgio Tenreiro

115

Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... page It's been added to your dashboard . Sickle cell disease and your baby Sickle cell disease (also ... know if your baby has SCD or sickle cell trait? All babies have a newborn screening test ...

116

Newborn Screening Is Important for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... in your baby's diet. For example, babies with phenylketonuria (PKU) cannot process phenylalanine well. Phenylalanine is found in ... up in the body of a baby with PKU, resulting in brain damage. This can be prevented ...

117

Breastfeeding status and marketing practices of baby food manufactured in nursing homes.  

PubMed

In January 1993 in Kanpur, India, a survey of 7 private nursing homes revealed that infant formula was given to most newborns (52.4%). The most common brands included Lactogen-I, Milk Care, Raptakos, Dexolac Special Care, and Lactodex. Staff at 5 nursing homes gave prelacteal feeds (water, glucose water, and infant formula) to newborns when they were separated from their mothers. Staff at only 2 nursing homes gave the newborn to the mother immediately after delivery. The longest period between delivery and giving the newborn to the mother was 24 hours. All but one of the nursing homes did not know about the government policy and the recent bill that bars free or low-cost infant formula supplies to hospitals. The administration of the nursing homes did not inform the procurement department, in writing, of the government policy. 4 nursing homes bought low-cost supplies of infant formula from the companies. The companies sold the infant formula to the nursing homes at a price 48.3% to 86.7% lower than the market price. Medical stores inside or outside the nursing homes sold the infant formula to parents at the other 3 homes. The nursing homes used, on average, 2-50 kg/month. Nestle (Lactogen-I) and Dalmia Industries (Milk Care) had a monopoly in infant formula in 4 and 3 nursing homes, respectively. Infant formula was in stock in 5 nursing homes. None of the nursing homes gave mothers free or low-cost infant formula at discharge. Lower than market price and increased number of calls to the hospitals and physicians by company personnel were marketing techniques used by the manufacturers to maintain market share. These results show that, despite government policy and the bill, hospitals continue to use infant formula. The government should use the mass media to increase awareness about its policy on infant foods and the concept of the Baby Friendly Hospital. PMID:8039859

Mathur, G P; Pandey, P K; Mathur, S; Mishra, V K; Singh, K; Bhatt, O P; Loomba, R K; Luthra, C; Taneja, S; Kapoor, R

1993-11-01

118

Shaken baby syndrome  

PubMed Central

Shaken baby syndrome is the most common cause of death or serious neurological injury resulting from child abuse. It is specific to infancy, when children have unique anatomic features. Subdural and retinal haemorrhages are markers of shaking injury. An American radiologist, John Caffey, coined the name whiplash shaken infant syndrome in 1974. It was, however, a British neurosurgeon, Guthkelch who first described shaking as the cause of subdural haemorrhage in infants. Impact was later thought to play a major part in the causation of brain damage. Recently improved neuropathology and imaging techniques have established the cause of brain injury as hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive and specific method of confirming a shaking injury. Families of children with subdural haemorrhages should be thoroughly investigated by social welfare agencies. PMID:12509690

Blumenthal, I

2002-01-01

119

Shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Shaken baby syndrome is the most common cause of death or serious neurological injury resulting from child abuse. It is specific to infancy, when children have unique anatomic features. Subdural and retinal haemorrhages are markers of shaking injury. An American radiologist, John Caffey, coined the name whiplash shaken infant syndrome in 1974. It was, however, a British neurosurgeon, Guthkelch who first described shaking as the cause of subdural haemorrhage in infants. Impact was later thought to play a major part in the causation of brain damage. Recently improved neuropathology and imaging techniques have established the cause of brain injury as hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive and specific method of confirming a shaking injury. Families of children with subdural haemorrhages should be thoroughly investigated by social welfare agencies. PMID:12509690

Blumenthal, I

2002-12-01

120

Respiratory rate and severity of illness in babies under 6 months old.  

PubMed Central

This paper defines the normal range of respiratory rate in babies under 6 months of age. It was counted by two observers in 1007 babies of whom 709 were seen when presenting to hospital for assessment of an acute illness, and 298 on a random basis at home. Whether they were asleep, content, or crying was recorded and the severity of their illness graded. The diagnosis was also recorded. The mean (SD) for the respiratory rate in babies seen awake was 61 (18) breaths/minute at hospital and 61 (14) breaths/minute at home. The respiratory rate when awake did not correlate with the severity of a baby's illness or the presence of serious lower respiratory tract infections. Sleeping babies had a significantly lower mean rate than awake babies at 42 (12) breaths/minute. Crying babies had a significantly lower mean rate than awake and content babies: 51 (14) breaths/minute compared with 61 (18) breaths/minute. PMID:2400218

Morley, C J; Thornton, A J; Fowler, M A; Cole, T J; Hewson, P H

1990-01-01

121

Can Pacifiers and Baby Bottles Ruin My Baby's Teeth?  

MedlinePLUS

... Baby's Teeth? Are Pacifiers a Problem? Early Childhood Tooth Decay: The Roles of the Bottle and Breastfeeding Long- ... water. This will increase your child's risk of tooth decay. Use positive reinforcement to encourage older children to ...

122

The Baby Boom, The Baby Bust, and the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of major demographic changes on the housing market in the United States. The entry of the Baby Boom generation into its house-buying years is found to be the major cause of the increase in real housing prices in the l97Os. Since the Baby Bust generation is now entering its house-buying years, housing demand will grow

N. Gregory Mankiw; David N. Weil

1990-01-01

123

A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby  

E-print Network

;Protect your Baby's 1 Teeth with FluorideIFluoride (said like floor-eyed) protects teeth from tooth decay have sugar in them. If sugary liquids stay on your baby's teeth too long, it can lead to tooth decay teeth can decay and cause pain for the baby. And baby teeth are important--they hold space for adult

Bandettini, Peter A.

124

Baby walker safety - baby's minder or parent's problem? A qualitative analysis of clients' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding baby walker use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the range of knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents regarding baby walkers.Design A qualitative study using a focus group approach.Setting Three focus groups were held in community mother and toddler drop-in centres, and one in a hospital antenatal clinic.Methods Four focus groups were held over a two-month period in 2000. Parents from areas with differing levels of

Rhydian Hapgood; Amanda Woods; Jane Dyas; Elaine Bentley; Denise Kendrick

2003-01-01

125

[Orthopaedic relevance of baby carrying].  

PubMed

Recently, various ways of carrying a baby have become popular again. Different methods and options of infant carrying are largely influenced by current fashion trends. The term of baby carrying refers to carrying the infant close to the caregiver's body with special devices, which aid attachment parenting. The authors often face the question in the pediatric orthopedic clinic: what kind of carrying method to recommend to the parents. In this article the authors briefly present the different means of carrying devices and they review the literature regarding orthopedic consequences of baby carrying. For the healthy development of a child, position and correct support of the hips and the spine are essential, whereas the carrier's spinal protection is also an important aspect. After reviewing the literature, the authors conclude that baby carrying with an adequate device has advantages from orthopaedic point of view. PMID:23876614

Szeverényi, Csenge; Varga, Marcell

2013-07-28

126

Monitoring your baby before labor  

MedlinePLUS

... the NST test. The BPP also looks at amniotic fluid, the liquid that surrounds the baby in the ... ultrasound. This test looks only at how much amniotic fluid there is. The MBPP test takes less time ...

127

Your Premature Baby: Low Birthweight  

MedlinePLUS

... activity Emotional and life changes Staying safe Smoking, alcohol and drugs Dads To Be Giving birth Get ... for having a low-birthweight baby Smoking , drinking alcohol , using street drugs and abusing prescription drugs . Pregnant ...

128

Analysis of causes that led to baby Jackie Ray's developmental delay and intracranial bleeding  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 3 month-old black male infant had a seizure and his mother took him to the hospital for examination. The baby was examined at the ER and no signs of trauma were identified. A CT scan exam of his head performed at 1.25 hours following his admission to the hospital (FAH) showed only a small area of bleeding in the

Mohammed Ali Al-Bayati

129

A retrospective benefit-cost analysis of the 1997 stair-fall requirements for baby walkers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on estimates from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), there were about 25,000 baby walker-related injuries treated annually in U.S. hospital emergency departments during the early 1990s. This amounted to about 8 injuries for every 1000 baby walkers in use. Most injuries resulted from falls down stairs. After CPSC initiated a regulatory proceeding in 1994, the CPSC staff

Gregory B. Rodgers; Elizabeth W. Leland

2008-01-01

130

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWIMRI) in the diagnosis and management of children with suspected or confirmed Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS).METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional case series of all infants and children younger than 2 years of age admitted to a children’s hospital. We retrospectively reviewed medical records and neuroimaging findings of all children

Valérie Biousse; Daniel Y Suh; Nancy J Newman; Patricia C Davis; Timothy Mapstone; Scott R Lambert

2002-01-01

131

Baby Solar System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol

2012-01-01

132

Welcoming a new baby into the family is certainly exciting, but it can also be very stressful--especially for the littlest member of your family. Ease the transition for your child by attending one of The Medical  

E-print Network

Camp For children 4 years and up A unique event featuring a fun and interactive day where kids learn: What a new baby looks like How to become a "big helper" How to make friends with the new baby Tour-be! Please call 972.519.1209 for more information or to register! Teddy Bear Camp For children 2 and 3 years

O'Toole, Alice J.

133

Designer babies--why not?  

PubMed

Though many objections can be levelled against the idea of the practice of genetic intervention to produce 'designer babies', upon examination they are shown to hinge on features which concern parental intentions towards their children, rather than features specific to the means involved. These intentions may be pursued by a variety of social practices which may, though need not, involve a measure of 'traditional' genetic selection (i.e. in terms of the identity and characteristics of the reproducing partners). This paper reviews a number of these objections and, by parity of reasoning, rejects their claim to count specifically or decisively against genetic intervention in pursuit of 'designer babies'. Rejecting these objections does not lead to the endorsement of 'designing babies, but it shows that any unease must be grounded elsewhere and defended by other arguments. PMID:15586985

Evans, M

2001-02-01

134

Shaken baby syndrome education program: nurses making a difference.  

PubMed

This article describes the nursing role in the Upstate New York Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) Education Program, an effort to educate parents of all hospital-born infants in the eight-county region of Western New York about the dangers of violent infant shaking. This program has now been expanded to include hospitals in 17 counties in Upstate New York. The major intervention is an educational program administered by nurses. These nurses describe the challenges and opportunities they faced in implementing a large community health program. PMID:18997573

Smith, Kim M; deGuehery, Kathleen A

2008-01-01

135

Healthy Native Babies Project: Honoring the Past,  

E-print Network

Healthy Native Babies Project: Honoring the Past, Learning for the Future Facilitator's Guide for 2-Hour Training A Collaboration Between the Healthy Native Babies Project Workgroup and the Eunice..............................................................................................................2 HOW TO USE THIS TRAINING

Rau, Don C.

136

Healthy Native Babies Project: Honoring the Past,  

E-print Network

Healthy Native Babies Project: Honoring the Past, Learning for the Future Facilitator's Guide for 1-Day Training A Collaboration Between the Healthy Native Babies Project Workgroup and the Eunice........................................................................................................................3 HOW TO USE THIS TRAINING

Rau, Don C.

137

Protect Babies from Whooping Cough (Pertussis)  

MedlinePLUS

... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button CDC Features Protect Babies from Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Language: English Español ( ... very sick and is very contagious. You can protect babies from whooping cough by getting your vaccine ...

138

Feeding Your Baby in the NICU  

MedlinePLUS

... that works best for you and your baby. Breastfeeding Breast milk provides many wonderful and vital health ... are some ideas for meeting the challenges of breastfeeding your baby in the NICU: Discuss your desire ...

139

What Is Your Your baby is one of a kind. Babies are  

E-print Network

them a long time to get used to change. If your baby is hard to comfort, know: Your baby is not doing will accept him and help him learn. To help a baby who has a hard time dealing with new situations: Introduce things slowly, so he gets ac- customed to them. Pay attention to your baby's signals, and watch how he

Johnson, Eric E.

140

Shaken Baby Syndrome. The Arc Q & A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet uses a question-and-answer format to summarize what is known about shaken baby syndrome, brain damage resulting from forceful shaking of an infant or young child. Questions and answers address the following topics: what shaken baby syndrome is and other names for the condition; the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome; the incidence…

Palmer, Susan

141

A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby  

E-print Network

;1 Protect your baby's teeth with fluoride. Fluoride (said like floor-eyed) protects teeth from tooth decay can decay and cause pain for the baby. And baby teeth are important--they hold space for adult teeth can start to decay as soon as they appear in the mouth," said Maria. "I'll have to start thinking

Bandettini, Peter A.

142

Epilepsy associated with shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflicted injuries such as battering and shaking babies account for about 15% of children deaths. A large but probably underevaluated number of disabilities are referred to this kind of maltreatment. Indeed, an estimated 1,200 to 1,400 cases of shaken baby syndrome (SBS) are thought to occur each year in the United States. Only one out of four of these babies

Concezio Di Rocco

2008-01-01

143

Understanding How Babies Build Language Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language is a great communication system. Through language, humans can express logical reasoning, grief, happiness, wishes, descriptions, and a rich array of feelings and ideas. Every baby deserves the gift of language power! In this article, the author discusses how babies build language skills and presents activities to help babies build…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2006-01-01

144

Price and Pretense in the Baby Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the world, baby selling is formally prohibited. And throughout the world babies are bought and sold each day. As demonstrated in this Essay, the legal baby trade is a global market in which prospective parents pay, scores of intermediaries profit, and the demand for children is clearly differentiated by age, race, special needs, and other consumer preferences, with prices

Kimberly D Krawiec

2009-01-01

145

The Baby Boomers' Intergenerational Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three…

Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

2012-01-01

146

Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2010-01-01

147

PKU (Phenylketonuria) in Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... eat: Milk, cheese, ice cream and other dairy products Eggs Meat and poultry Fish Nuts Beans Food or drinks that contain aspartame. This is an artificial sweetener that has lots of phenylalanine in it. It’s sold as NutraSweet® and Equal®. PKU meal plans are different for each baby and can ...

148

Caesarean section and neonatal outcomes in private hospitals in Brazil: comparative study of two different perinatal models of care.  

PubMed

This study aims at comparing caesarean section rates and neonatal outcomes of two perinatal models of care provided in private hospitals in Brazil. Birth in Brazil data, a national hospital-based cohort conducted in the years 2011/2012 was used. We analysed 1,664 postpartum women and their offspring attended at 13 hospitals located in the South-east region of Brazil, divided into a "typical"--standard care model and "atypical"--Baby-Friendly hospital with collaborative practices between nurse-midwives and obstetricians on duty to attend deliveries in an alternative labour ward. The Robson's classification system was used to compare caesarean sections, which was lower in the atypical hospital (47.8% vs. 90.8%, p<0.001). Full term birth, early skin-to-skin contact, breastfeeding in the first hour, rooming-in care, and discharge in exclusive breastfeeding were more frequent in the atypical hospital. Neonatal adverse outcome did not differ significantly between hospitals. The atypical hospital's intervention should be further evaluated since it might reduce caesarean section prevalence and increase good practices in neonatal care. PMID:25167181

Torres, Jacqueline Alves; Domingues, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira; Sandall, Jane; Hartz, Zulmira; da Gama, Silvana Granado Nogueira; Theme Filha, Mariza Miranda; Schilithz, Arthur Orlando Correa; do Carmo Leal, Maria

2014-08-01

149

Leucocyte Blood Picture in Ill Newborn Babies  

PubMed Central

Serial blood leucocyte counts were made on 35 ill preterm and term babies during the first 28 days of life. Ill babies with no clinical or bacteriological evidence of infection showed no changes in the blood leucocytes during the neonatal period when compared with normal babies. The changes in the blood leucocytes in babies with proven or suspected bacterial infection were an increase in the absolute values of polymorphonuclear neutrophils, an increase in the absolute values of immature neutrophils, a significant fall in polymorphonuclear neutrophils (below 1000/mm3) and in eosinophils (down to 0) in very ill babies, and toxic granulation of neutrophils. ImagesFIG. 3 PMID:4563923

Xanthou, Marietta

1972-01-01

150

Neonatologists and bioethics after Baby Doe.  

PubMed

The use of hospital ethics committees or infant care review committees has been recommended for difficult decision making. In a survey of military and civilian neonatologists, ethics committees had been established in 27 of their 28 hospitals and fewer than 50% had infant care review committees. Despite the frequently of potential cases for committee review, they were seldom consulted. Inquiry into the educational background of respondents revealed that at least 62% of neonatologists had received ethics education during their professional careers. Most made difficult decisions in conjunction with parents or used a multidisciplinary patient care conference. The use of these conferences antedated any federal regulations. Sixty-seven percent indicated that the Baby Doe regulations had affected neither their thinking about ethical issues nor their practice. In 13 different hypothetical cases in delivery room, intensive care nursery, and long-term care settings, the provision of comfort care, limited care, or withdrawal of support was noted by a sizable percentage of neonatologists; exceptions included meningomyelocele and trisomy 21. The need for ethics committee input in decision making for neonates is questionable. PMID:8515309

Carter, B S

1993-01-01

151

["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].  

PubMed

Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD. PMID:16139550

Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C

2005-10-01

152

Knowing Your Friends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be "re-wildered" is to regard animals and plants as our friends and recognize the vital role of nature and wildlife in human learning and development. The role of outdoor educators should be to introduce children to their nature friends, to teach children to become naturalists, and to encourage children to develop a lifelong relationship with…

Quinn, Michael S.

1995-01-01

153

Getting your home ready - after the hospital  

MedlinePLUS

... after having surgery or being ill in the hospital. Set up your home to make your life ... planned, prepare your home in advance. If your hospital stay was unplanned, have family or friends prepare ...

154

Dudley and Friends  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

English | Español A A A Search: Watch Videos Dudley and Friends Sesame Street Ad Council Games and Quizzes Visit the Dentist with Marty To Tell the Tooth Print and Take a Quiz Activity Sheets Color and Count Puzzle Fun ...

155

Talk With Baby: A Guide for Parents.  

E-print Network

TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take... care of them If you ta I k to baby he will learn to make sounds When baby coos and blows bubbles he is learning to talk You he I p if you make soft sounds back at him When baby talks to y make the sounds he makes Talk back to him Call...

Anonymous

1984-01-01

156

Improving efficiency, consistency and satisfaction on a mother-baby unit with the discharge nurse position.  

PubMed

We created a discharge nurse position on a mother-baby unit in the hopes of improving outcomes related to the discharge process. Using the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS), we documented improved outcomes with regard to efficiency, consistency, standardization of patient education and patient satisfaction. PMID:25145721

Ciaramella, Jane; Longworth, Nancy; Larraz, Laurie; Murphy, Stacy

2014-01-01

157

Listening to the Baby: Evaluating a Baby Book Journal for New Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Browsing the parenting section of any bookstore reveals a wide variety ofcommercially available baby books. In spite of their popularity, the baby book format has rarely been used to develop materials that support the transition to parenting. This article describes the development of a baby book for this purpose, the phenomenological scholarship and research findings that shaped its design, and

Lee SmithBattle; Shawn Pohlman; Jennifer L. Broeder

2004-01-01

158

[Shaken baby syndrome: which lesions in imaging ?].  

PubMed

Non-accidental brain trauma (also called shaken baby syndrome) represent the main cause for morbidity and mortality in the context of child abuse. It often occur in young infants aged less than 8months. The shaking leading to brain injuries are very violent and sometimes associated with a final impact. Intracranial injuries may be isolated without skeletal trauma or bruising. In any suspicion of such a diagnosis, emergency hospitalization is indicated. Brain CT, easy to perform in emergency, is the diagnostic key. It discloses diffuse subdural hematomas in typical sites as vertex, interhemispheric space and tentorium. There is no clear background of trauma and the related story is changing over time. The 3D analysis of the skull looks for signs of recent impact as a fracture that is sometimes complex and/or a soft tissue swelling of the scalp. Intraparenchymal injuries (contusions, tearing, and overall anoxic ischemic injuries) are better analyzed with MRI. The prognosis depends on their extent. Ophtalmologic examination is systematically performed looking for retinal hemorrhages (around one third of cases) which may be very subtle. Bruising is a major diagnostic sign, but inconstantly present. A precise datation of skeletal and/or brain injuries is not possible with imaging and the only indication of use is to establish the presence of "age different lesions". This indicates repeated trauma and thereby a high risk of recurrence. PMID:22884748

Adamsbaum, C; Husson, B

2012-09-01

159

Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents  

E-print Network

Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents Improving the way of Transportation Paula Hammond Chief of Staff #12;Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents What's the problem on Environmental Quality #12;Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents EIS's can legally succeed and utterly fail

Minnesota, University of

160

Baby Doll: The Success of Scandal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby Doll hit America's cinemas with a resounding bang in 1956, and while not the financial and critical success that A Streetcar Named Desire had been some six years before, the film proved without a doubt to be the most sensational of Hollywood's adaptations of Tennessee Williams's works. In fact, Baby Doll is quite likely the most sensational (we should

Barton Palmer

161

Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2004-01-01

162

Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

2011-01-01

163

Baby Foods: Formulations and Interactions (A Review)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage some reactions and interactions occur which change physicochemical and nutritional

Ali Nasirpour; Joël Scher; Stéphane Desobry

2006-01-01

164

Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

Baird, Stephen L.

2007-01-01

165

Shaken Baby Syndrome Diagnosis On Shaky Ground  

Microsoft Academic Search

An epidemic of accusations against parents and baby sitters of Shaken Baby Syndrome is sweeping the developed world. The United States and the United Kingdom are in the forefront of such questionable practice. Brain (mainly subdural, less often subarachnoid) and retinal haemorrhages, retinal detachments, and rib and other bone 'fractures' are considered pathognomic. However, the reality of these injuries is

Viera Scheibner

2001-01-01

166

Maternal satisfaction with organized perinatal care in Serbian public hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background Understanding the experiences and expectations of women across the continuum of antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal care is important to assess the quality of maternal care and to determine problematic areas which could be improved. The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with maternal satisfaction with hospital-based perinatal care in Serbia. Methods Our survey was conducted from January 2009 to January 2010 using a 28-item, self-administered questionnaire. The sample consisted of 50% of women who expected childbirths during the study period from all 76 public institutions with obstetric departments in Serbia. The following three composite outcome variables were constructed: satisfaction with technical and professional aspects of care; communication and interpersonal aspects of care; and environmental factors. Results We analyzed 34,431 completed questionnaires (84.2% of the study sample). The highest and lowest average satisfaction scores (4.43 and 3.25, respectively) referred to the overall participation of midwives during delivery and the quality of food served in the hospital, respectively. Younger mothers and multiparas were less concerned with the environmental conditions (OR?=?0.55, p?=?0.006; OR?=?1.82, p?=?0.004). Final model indicated that mothers informed of patients’ rights, pregnancy and delivery through the Maternal Counseling Service were more likely to be satisfied with all three outcome variables. The highest value of the Pearson’s coefficient of correlation was between the overall satisfaction score and satisfaction with communication and interpersonal aspects of care. Conclusions Our study illuminated the importance of interpersonal aspects of care and education for maternal satisfaction. Improvement of the environmental conditions in hospitals, the WHO program, Baby-friendly Hospital, and above all providing all pregnant women with antenatal education, are recommendations which would more strongly affect the perceptions of quality and satisfaction with perinatal care in Serbian public hospitals by women. PMID:24410839

2014-01-01

167

Recommend to a Friend?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York's Cornell University spends millions of dollars and thousands of staff and volunteer hours to produce more than 1,400 events around the world each year. That's one event every six hours. Is it worth it? Do the 40,000 alumni, parents, and friends who attend feel closer to Cornell after these events? Do they disengage because Cornell didn't…

Cunningham, Jennifer Lynham

2012-01-01

168

NIH Loses a Friend  

MedlinePLUS

... the week before she died. For more about Dr. Kirschstein and other remarkable women physicians, please see the wonderful NLM exhibit "Changing the Face of Medicine" at: www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/ . Sincerely, Donald West King, M.D., Chairman Friends of the National Library ...

169

Learning to Be Friends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interview with Dr. Sol Gordon, a widely recognized authority on sex education, offers suggestions to parents on helping their handicapped children develop peer relationships, including helping children make friends, discussing sexuality with their children, and leading a satisfactory personal and family life. (Author/CB)

Exceptional Parent, 1987

1987-01-01

170

Born too soon: care for the preterm baby.  

PubMed

As part of a supplement entitled “Born Too Soon”, this paper focuses on care of the preterm newborn. An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications of preterm birth, and around one million more where preterm birth is a risk factor, especially amongst those who are also growth restricted. Most premature babies (>80%) are between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and many die needlessly for lack of simple care. We outline a series of packages of care that build on essential care for every newborn comprising support for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, thermal care, and hygienic cord and skin care. For babies who do not breathe at birth, rapid neonatal resuscitation is crucial. Extra care for small babies, including Kangaroo Mother Care, and feeding support, can halve mortality in babies weighing <2000 g. Case management of newborns with signs of infection, safe oxygen management and supportive care for those with respiratory complications, and care for those with significant jaundice are all critical, and are especially dependent on competent nursing care. Neonatal intensive care units in high income settings are de-intensifying care, for example increasing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and this makes comprehensive preterm care more transferable. For health systems in low and middle income settings with increasing facility births, district hospitals are the key frontier for improving obstetric and neonatal care, and some large scale programmes now include specific newborn care strategies. However there are still around 50 million births outside facilities, hence home visits for mothers and newborns, as well as women’s groups are crucial for reaching these families, often the poorest. A fundamental challenge is improving programmatic tracking data for coverage and quality, and measuring disability-free survival. The power of parent’s voices has been important in high-income countries in bringing attention to preterm newborns, but is still missing from the most affected countries. PMID:24625233

Lawn, Joy E; Davidge, Ruth; Paul, Vinod K; von Xylander, Severin; de Graft Johnson, Joseph; Costello, Anthony; Kinney, Mary V; Segre, Joel; Molyneux, Liz

2013-01-01

171

Babies, Television and Videos: How Did We Get Here?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies' use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous role…

Wartella, Ellen; Richert, Rebekah A.; Robb, Michael B.

2010-01-01

172

Discussion on design of baby changing station in public place  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the widely using of baby changing station in the public place, its usability is considered greatly important. It is necessary to give convenience in the behavior of nursing for both baby and adult. Through analyzing baby's psychological characteristics in the adult's nursing behavior, the main features of using baby changing station are researched and analyzed. At last some key

Lufang Zhang; Jiansong Luo; Ming Wu

2009-01-01

173

Babies, television and videos: How did we get here?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies’ use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous role

Ellen Wartella; Rebekah A. Richert; Michael B. Robb

2010-01-01

174

An Easy Guide to Making Homemade Baby Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is nothing more important than the health and well-being of your precious baby. An Easy Guide to Homemade Baby Food is a great resource for those looking for an easy, healthy, and cost effective way to feed their baby. The book is written to get straight to the point with easy instructions on preparing baby food along with some

Adrianne Hunter

2009-01-01

175

Neural activation to babyfaced men matches activation to babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral data supports the commonsense view that babies elicit different responses than adults do. Behavioral research also has supported the babyface overgeneralization hypothesis that the adaptive value of responding appropriately to babies produces a tendency for these responses to be overgeneralized to adults whose facial structure resembles babies. Here we show a neural substrate for responses to babies and babyface

Leslie A. Zebrowitz; Victor X. Luevano; Philip M. Bronstad; Itzhak Aharon

2009-01-01

176

Letter from the Friends Chairman  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Letter from the Friends Chairman Past Issues / Fall 2006 Table of Contents ... FNLM Chairman Paul Rogers converse at a recent Friends function at the National Library of Medicine. Photo ...

177

Women and Infants Services The History of Women and Infant's Services  

E-print Network

. UC San Diego Health System became a "Baby Friendly" designated hospital in 2006 and we recently Hidden Treasure We've Come a Long Way, Baby! A Baby Friendly Hospital ISCC Vertical Evacuation The Spin births per month and women routinely went to the oR for the birth of their babies? Now we typically see

Squire, Larry R.

178

BUSINESSLINK ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY OFFICE GUIDELINES  

E-print Network

BUSINESSLINK ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY OFFICE GUIDELINES Bathroom sinks Minimise water use ­ use need to print this email? #12;Lend a Hand ­ Help Rescue Our Planet Environmentally Friendly, Power Rescue Our Planet Environmentally Friendly, Power Reducing Strategies in force NOW LAST OUT? PLEASE

179

Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early  

MedlinePLUS

... 13MB] Request a higher resolution file Share this Video Embed: What do you think of our videos? Your feedback about CDC-TV and our videos ...

180

Your Baby's Development: The Second Trimester  

MedlinePLUS

... can't see anything until the third trimester. Fingerprints and footprints are well established by the middle ... appear on the hands first, then the feet. Fingerprints improve the baby's grip. Fine hair and a ...

181

The Mother-Baby Assessment (MBA): An \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication about breastfeeding among health workers is hampered by the lack of a standardized method of documentation for breastfeeding. Scoring methods previously described by Matthews, Jenks, and Bocar and Shrago focus on the baby's behavior. I am proposing a \\

Chris Mulford

1992-01-01

182

Anatomy of the shaken baby syndrome.  

PubMed

Shaken baby syndrome refers to the constellation of nonaccidental injuries occurring in infants and young children as a consequence of violent shaking. The typical victim of shaken baby syndrome is a male infant younger than six months of age who is alone with the perpetrator at the time of injury. Occurrence of the syndrome is unrelated to race, gender, socioeconomic status, or education. The characteristic injuries observed in shaken baby syndrome include subdural hemorrhages, retinal hemorrhages, and fractures of the ribs or long bones. Although each of these injuries may result from violent shaking of the victim, the most severe brain injuries result from the addition of a forceful impact of the infant's or child's head against a firm surface. The unique anatomic features of the infant's head and skeletal system, which account for the type and pattern of injuries observed in shaken baby syndrome, are emphasized in this article. PMID:9556020

Lancon, J A; Haines, D E; Parent, A D

1998-02-01

183

Having Healthy Babies: The Science Inside  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book summarizes what health professionals know about pregnancy, healthy babies and mothers. Supported byScience Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the National Center for Research Resources Grant # 5R25RR15601

Healthy People Library Project;

2003-01-01

184

Especially for Teens: Having a Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... blood tests. You may be tested for certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) . What are childbirth classes? In childbirth classes, ... baby. Preterm: Born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Diseases that are spread by sexual contact, ...

185

Should babies be watching television and DVDs?  

PubMed

Should babies be watching television and DVDs? This is a reasonable question to ask but a difficult one to answer. This article reviews the theories and related research to examine what is known about infant media use. The review provides evidence both for and against each theory. The importance of infants learning how to watch and learn from screen media presentations is indicated and the new world of media to which babies are exposed is discussed. PMID:22643168

Wartella, Ellen A; Lauricella, Alexis R

2012-06-01

186

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020 is part of a research project at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. The project examines how women born between 1946 and 1964 (i.e., the Baby Boom) see paid work after the age of 65 and the ways in which public policy will affect this aging sector of the female workforce. The site offers information on its ongoing studies as well as a varied collection of links.

187

Facebook friends\\/fiends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Just when everyone was becoming comfortable with the pit-falls of email and the Internet along came social networking sites such as MySpace, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter to keep schools in a constant state of anxiety. Teachers are rapidly discovering that etherspace is a jungle where common sense is their only protection and not everyone on Facebook is their friend. Anything

Glen Seidel

2009-01-01

188

Environmentally friendly polysilane photoresists  

SciTech Connect

Several novel polysilanes synthesized by the free-radical hydrosilation of oligomeric polyphenylsilane or poly(p-tert- butylphenylsilane) were examined for lithographic behavior. This recently developed route into substituted polysilanes has allowed for the rational design of a variety of polysilanes with a typical chemical properties such as alcohol and aqueous base solubility. Many of the polysilane resists made could be developed in aqueous sodium carbonate and bicarbonate solutions. These materials represent environmentally friendly polysilane resists in both their synthesis and processing.

Beach, J.V.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hsiao, Yu-Ling; Waymouth, R.M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1995-12-31

189

The ART of marketing babies.  

PubMed

New legislation can be oppressive for a significant population depending upon the politics of its drafters. The current upsurge of the surrogacy trade in India, and the label of a "win-win" situation that it has acquired, points towards an unfettered commercialisation of assisted reproductive technology and the practice of surrogacy that is blinding its middle class users as well as providers, policy makers and law makers, and charging an imagination that is already caught up in spiralling consumerism. This paper analyses the Draft Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill and Rules, 2008, in the Indian socioeconomic context. It identifies the interests of the affected women, and examines the contradictions of the proposed Bill with their interests, as well as with current health and population policies, confining itself to the handling of surrogacy and not the entire content of the Bill. The bases of the analytical perspective used are: the context of poverty and the health needs of the Indian population; the need to locate surrogacy services within the overall public health service context and its epidemiological basis; the need to restrain direct human experimentation for the advancement of any technology; the use of safer methods; and, finally, the rights of surrogate mothers and their babies, in India, as opposed to the compulsion or dynamics of the medical market and reproductive tourism. PMID:22106569

Qadeer, Imrana

2010-01-01

190

[They all have a look at me in a friendly way: relationships between patients and nurses in the hospital of Saarbruck in the middle of the 19th century].  

PubMed

In the course of the nineteenth century, Saarbruck developed from a small provincial town to the centre of a large region rapidly becoming industrialised. The traditional civil hospital underwent a fundamental change: from a residence for the old, the poor, and the neglected it became a modern hospital intended to restore health and fitness to the growing number of young working people in the region. To help the hospital meet its new aims, Reverend Fliedner of the Protestant Deaconesses' Institution in Kaiserswerth on the Rhine sent two young deaconesses to the hospital in Saarbruck. Expecting to work as a nurse and housekeeper, the two inexperienced and under-trained women were virtually overwhelmed by what they encountered. Their work required very hard physical work, with very little or no assistance. This study is based on the series of letters of appeal the deaconesses sent to Kaiserswerth, which depict in great detail the conditions of the hospital during the transition period. Different groups of inmates can be distinguished: old and poor patients representing hospital's traditional function; journeymen and domestic servants who are far from home and no longer under their employers' care, and miners with rather severe injuries. Miners constitute the prototype of the new industrial working class, as the mining industry was by far the most important sector of the developing economy. All groups benefited from the deaconesses' zeal to establish new standards of cleanliness and nutrition, not to mention the beginning of professional medical care. On the other hand, they have to submit to middle class expectations and behaviour. For instance, heman miners were expected to follow orders from female nurses, and domestic servants afflicted with scabies or venereal disease were expected to adopt new standards of moral and orderly demeanour. Resistance was mainly passive, consisting of paying lip service to the rules, taking small liberties, and reverting to the old style after dismissal. Conflicts arose only in certain situations injured Catholic miners, or when patients clung obstinately to their liquor. On the whole, the hospital functioned quite smoothly, at least after the initial difficulties were overcome and the deaconesses gained experience and self-confidence. PMID:13677351

Klein, Walter

2002-01-01

191

Jupiter - Friend or Foe?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has long been believed that the planet Jupiter has played a beneficial role in the development of life on the Earth, acting as a shield from objects which would otherwise go on to significantly raise the impact flux experienced by our planet. Without Jupiter, the story goes, the Earth would have experienced a far greater number of impacts, making it far less hospitable to burgeoning life. In an on-going series of separate studies[1,2], we have examined the effects of varying the mass of Jupiter on the impact flux that the Earth would experience from Near-Earth Objects sourced from the Asteroid belt, short-period comets sourced from the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, and long-period comets sourced from the Oort cloud. The results are remarkable - it seems that, far from being a shield, Jupiter actually acts to increase the impact flux experienced by the Earth over that which would be expected without the planet. Still more surprising, in the cases of the asteroids and Edgeworth-Kuiper belt objects, it seems that a Jupiter around 0.2 times the mass of "our Jupiter" would be even more threatening, sending a still greater number of objects our way. In order to simulate such disparate populations, different approaches to population construction were needed. The asteroidal and short-period comet populations each contained 100,000 test particles, moving on orbits typical of their class. The asteroids were initially distributed between 2 and 4 AU, with orbits of varying eccentricity and inclination, with number density varying as a function of semi-major axis. The short-period cometary flux was obtained through simulation of a population based on the subset of known Centaurs and Scattered Disk Objects which are Neptune-crossing, and have perihelia beyond the orbit of Uranus. These objects are the parents of the short-period comets, and were chosen since they are a population beyond the current influence of the planet Jupiter. Since our goal was to study the effect of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux at the Earth from the two populations, we followed our 100,000 particle populations for 10 million years, under the influence of the giant planets. Each particle was followed until it either hit something, or was ejected from the system. In this manner, we were able to follow the flux of objects onto the Earth as a function of time. The simulations were repeated over a wide range of Jupiter masses, with all other variables being held constant, allowing us to observe the variations in impact flux as a function of Jovian mass. In the cases of the asteroids and the short-period comets, Jupiter was observed to significantly modify the impact flux which would be experienced by the planet Earth. It was immediately obvious, however, that the old idea that Jupiter shields us from impacts no longer holds. For both of these populations, the lowest impact rates were experienced when the Jupiter-like planet in the system had the lowest mass, rose rapidly to a peak flux at around 0.2 Jupiter masses, before falling away more slowly. Therefore, for the asteroids and short-period comets, it seems that our Jupiter does offer some shielding, when compared to the case where the planet has a mass of around 0.2 MJ, but, compared to the scenario where no Jupiter is present at all (or the Jupiter in question has very low mass), Jupiter actually acts to increase the Earth-bound flux. Simulations are currently underway with the goal of analysing the effects of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux from the long-period comets (deflected inward towards the Earth from the Oort cloud). Further into the future, we intend to study the effects of Jovian position of the impact flux, with the goal of answering, once and for all, the question - "Jupiter - Friend or Foe?".

Horner, J.; Jones, B. W.

2008-09-01

192

Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate "Babies,"…

Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

2012-01-01

193

Fathers & Babies: How Babies Grow and What They Need from You, from Birth to 18 Months.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides fathers with specific developmental theory and practical skills and advice concerning how babies grow and what they need from fathers from the time they are born until they turn 18 months. Each chapter provides information and theory on age appropriate play activities and specific information on a baby's growth and developmental…

Marzollo, Jean

194

FriendSensing: recommending friends using mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-networking sites, such as Facebook, require members to manually find and confirm their friends. Finding friends is tedious for some and may be made less so by automating the process. We propose to do so by means of a framework that we call FriendSensing. Using short-range technologies (e.g., Bluetooth) on their mobile phones, social-networking users \\

Daniele Quercia; Licia Capra

2009-01-01

195

America's baby boom generation: the fateful bulge.  

PubMed

From 1955-64 nearly 42 million births occurred in the U.S., an unprecedented expansion. The roots of the baby boom lie in the universal rush to early marriage and favorable economic climate for the relatively scarce young men born of the Depression cohort. The impact of the boom interrupted a century-long fertility decline. Pro-marriage, pronatalist norms were revived by the Depression cohort who formed families of at least 2 children or more. During the 1960-70's schools, colleges, and universities were built to accomodate the boom and are now excessive for the baby bust cohort. Unemployment and crime rates rose and fell with the passing of the boom babies through late adolescence and early adulthood. In the 1980's, boom babies will be aged 20-30. Demands for housing will be high. Annual birth numbers will increase even if the rate of childbearing hovers below replacement level at about 1.8 per woman. Per capita earnings and overall labor productivity should improve as the boom baby cohort reaches middle age in the 1990s. However, chances for advancement will be fewer. As the cohort reaches retirement age, the over 65 population will double from 31 million in 2000 to almost 60 million in 2030. Although the burden will be somewhat offset by reduced proportions of under 18-year-olds, the ratio of active workers paying Social Security will fall drastically. PMID:12309851

Bouvier, L F

1980-04-01

196

Whose Choice? Advocating Birthing Practices According to Baby's Biological Needs.  

PubMed

Modern western society and media often present the mother's choices for her birth as paramount. Various gurus provide the mother with often conflicting advice. But the reality is that childbirth often becomes a medicalized event with many interventions and less than ideal outcomes. In many instances, the choices are made to suit health professionals and hospital routines rather than the mother. All the aforementioned are based on ideas and assumptions which predate evidence-based medicine and recent neuroscience. In reproductive biology, the newborn is an active participant and agent in birthing (Alberts, 1994). Based on this, the perspective which has been lacking is what is best for the baby; our choices should be primarily based on the basic biological needs of the infant. PMID:24381471

Bergman, Jill; Bergman, Nils

2013-01-01

197

Clinical practices in the hospital care of healthy newborn infant in Brazil.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate the care of healthy full-term newborns and to identify variations in childbirth care and practices in the first hour of life. We used data from the Birth in Brazil survey. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratio (OR) of hospital-delivered care for the mother and during childbirth were estimated for the following outcomes: upper airways and gastric aspiration, use of inhaled oxygen, use of incubator, skin-to-skin contact after birth, rooming-in and breastfeeding in the delivery room and within the first hour of life. We observed wide variations in the care of healthy full-term newborn in the delivery room. Practices considered inadequate, such as use of inhaled oxygen, (9.5%) aspiration of airways (71.1%) and gastric suctioning (39.7%), and the use of incubator (8.8%) were excessively used. Breastfeeding in the delivery room was low (16%), even when the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative had been implemented (24%). The results suggest poor knowledge and compliance by health practitioners to good clinical practice. Such noncompliance was probably not due to the differences in resources, since most births take place in hospitals where the necessary resources are available. PMID:25167172

Moreira, Maria Elisabeth Lopes; da Gama, Silvana Granado Nogueira; Pereira, Ana Paula Esteves; da Silva, Antonio Augusto Moura; Lansky, Sônia; de Souza Pinheiro, Rossiclei; de Carvalho Gonçalves, Annelise; do Carmo Leal, Maria

2014-08-01

198

Migration of bisphenol A from plastic baby bottles, baby bottle liners and reusable polycarbonate drinking bottles.  

PubMed

Human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has recently received special attention. It has been shown that exposure to BPA may occur through the consumption of beverages or foods that have been in contact with polycarbonate (PC) plastic containers or epoxy resins in food packaging. A BPA migration study was conducted using a variety of plastic containers, including polycarbonate baby bottles, non-PC baby bottles, baby bottle liners, and reusable PC drinking bottles. Water was used to simulate migration into aqueous and acidic foods; 10% ethanol solution to simulate migration to low- and high-alcoholic foods; and 50% ethanol solution to simulate migration to fatty foods. By combining solid-phase extraction, BPA derivatization and analysis by GC-EI/MS/MS, a very low detection limit at the ng l(-1) level was obtained. Migration of BPA at 40 degrees C ranged from 0.11 microg l(-1) in water incubated for 8 h to 2.39 microg l(-1) in 50% ethanol incubated for 240 h. Residual BPA leaching from PC bottles increased with temperature and incubation time. In comparison with the migration observed from PC bottles, non-PC baby bottles and baby bottle liners showed only trace levels of BPA. Tests for leachable lead and cadmium were also conducted on glass baby bottles since these represent a potential alternative to plastic bottles. No detectable lead or cadmium was found to leach from the glass. This study indicated that non-PC plastic baby bottles, baby bottle liners and glass baby bottles might be good alternatives for polycarbonate bottles. PMID:19680968

Kubwabo, C; Kosarac, I; Stewart, B; Gauthier, B R; Lalonde, K; Lalonde, P J

2009-06-01

199

Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?  

MedlinePLUS

... baby This article is for women thinking about scheduling their baby's birth. More and more births are ... early sometimes can't do these things. Can scheduling an early birth cause problems for you and ...

200

Preparing children for pregnancy and a new baby  

MedlinePLUS

... child can feed, diaper, and care for the baby doll. Let your child play with some of the baby things. Your child may want to dress their stuffed animals or dolls in the clothes. Tell your child she can ...

201

Affordable luxury resort residences for the Baby Boomers  

E-print Network

The purpose of this thesis is to determine the business viability of Oasis Destination Club, the first destination club designed entirely for the upper middle income baby boomer. The baby boomer generation is the largest ...

Boyer, Mark Valdez

2005-01-01

202

Sleeping on Sofa Can Be Deadly for Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Sleeping on Sofa Can Be Deadly for Babies, Study ... One of the most dangerous places for a sleeping baby is a sofa, according to a new ...

203

Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies  

MedlinePLUS

... can be prevented by vaccination. Who recommends that all babies get hepatitis B vaccination at birth? Medical ... B virus. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies. Hepatitis B Vaccine Helps Protect Your ...

204

For Breech Baby, C-Section May Be Safer Option  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. For Breech Baby, C-Section May Be Safer Option: Study Death rate ... babies delivered vaginally than for those delivered by C-section. Elective C-section rates for breech deliveries ...

205

Spillovers of Medicare Policies on Non-Medicare Patients: The Case of Critical Access Hospitals  

E-print Network

explore the e¤ect of hospital con- versions on neonatal mortality of babies delivered by mothers residing all births. The results suggest an increase of 6 percent in neonatal mortality for high-risk babies covered by other payers. Understanding these spillovers is particularly important in designing Medicare

Mateo, Jill M.

206

Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard University  

Cancer.gov

Brigham and Women's Hospital has established a multidisciplinary team in consortium with industry, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to address prostate cancer, the most common malignancy and third leading cause of cancer-related mortality in American men. Due to the ageing "baby boomers", the number of men with localized prostate cancer will increase, as will the need for an accurate non-invasive imaging tool. Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging has the ability to deliver precise anatomical mapping of tumor.

207

A Patient's Best Friend.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes the development of a pet therapy program at a rehabilitation unit of a hospital. She discusses documentation of the success of pet therapy programs, picking out the right pets, responsibilities of caring for the pet, training the pet, patient response, and program policies. (CT)

Haggard, Ann

1985-01-01

208

Microbes: Friend or Foe?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site contains the online companion to an episode of the PBS series, Closer to the Truth, which "brings together leading scientists, scholars and artists to debate latest discoveries and their impact on the human condition." Microbes -- Friend or Foe? offers a thought-provoking look at the role of microbes and the importance of "maintaining a microbial balance of power" on the planet. Visitors may download a transcript or view video clips of the episode, or delve deeper into the topic through online interviews with the program's panel of experts. The site also provides a useful glossary of key terms as defined by the episode's guest speakers -- some terms come with a video clip.

209

Friends of Trees  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Portland, Oregon, the Friends of Trees organization is dedicated to restoring urban forests around the country, with a particular emphasis on the Portland metropolitan area. As their Web site notes, "Trees are an essential part of the urban ecosystem. They help keep our water and air clean, prevent erosion, provide wildlife habitat, and make neighborhoods greener, more beautiful places to live." On the site, visitors can read about their ongoing planting activities and browse the newsletter they publish three times a year. For most visitors, the most helpful area of the site will be the Tree Resources section. Here, users can look through a fact sheet on the benefits of trees in urban environments, the care and maintenance of trees, and a large tree database.

210

"My baby is a person": parents' experiences with life-threatening fetal diagnosis.  

PubMed

Diagnosis of a lethal fetal diagnosis (LFD) early in pregnancy is devastating for parents. Those who choose to continue with the pregnancy report intense emotional reactions and inconsistent, often insensitive treatment by health care providers. This qualitative descriptive study sought to clarify the experiences and needs of families in order to design responsive perinatal palliative care services, and to establish the feasibility and acceptability of conducting intensive interviews of pregnant women and their partners during their pregnancy with a LFD. We interviewed 2 women and 3 couples during pregnancy or just after birth, using open ended questions. Audiotaped responses were analyzed by two investigators. Two dimensions and six themes emerged. In the dimension of Personal Pregnancy Experience, "Grieving Multiple Losses" elucidates that parents grieve the loss of their normal pregnancy, healthy baby and future parenting. "Arrested Parenting" describes their sudden interruption in the normal process of becoming a parent. The theme "My Baby is a Person" reflects parents' unanimous desire to honor and legitimize the humanity of their unborn baby. In the dimension of Interactions of Others, three themes were found. "Fragmented Health Care" describes parent's disjointed and distant encounters with multiple providers. "Disconnected Family and Friends" describes the lack of understanding of what the families were experiencing. "Utterly Alone," which crosses both dimensions, expresses how the parents' sense of social isolation adds to their personal sense of loss and loneliness. Recommendations are made for palliative care's role in respecting and validating the experience of parents living through a doomed pregnancy. PMID:22077542

Côté-Arsenault, Denise; Denney-Koelsch, Erin

2011-12-01

211

Power System Balancing Using FRIENDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new concept named Flexible, Reliable and Intelligent ENergy Delivery System (FRIENDS) as a future power distribution system. In FRIENDS, new facilities called Quality Control Centers (QCCs), which consists of Voltage Control type Inverters, Distributed Generators (DGs), Energy Storage Systems (ESSs), etc., are installed between distribution substation and customers. By controlling and operating those inverters and DGs

K. Keerthivasan; L. Krishnaveni; Jovitha Jerome

2011-01-01

212

Sex Differences in Responsiveness to Babies among Mature Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in babies was assessed in 30 parents of adolescents, 28 parents whose grown children were no longer living at home, and 26 grandparents of an infant. Measures included responsivity to an unfamiliar baby in a waiting room situation, interest in pictures of babies, and a sex-role self-concept inventory. (JMB)

Feldman, S. Shirley; Nash, Sharon Churnin

1979-01-01

213

Shaken Baby Syndrome: What Caregivers Need To Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the causes of shaken baby syndrome and how to recognize, respond to, and prevent it. Identifies horseplay to avoid and recommends never shaking baby even for apnea. Offers 12 tips for working with crying babies and includes ten discussion questions to test knowledge of the syndrome. (DLH)

Wiggins, Paula

2000-01-01

214

Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being infused…

Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

2012-01-01

215

Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The

M. Laffoy; P. Fitzpatrick; M. Jordan; D. Dowdall

1995-01-01

216

Cognitive Development Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because  

E-print Network

fitting babies as young as 3 months old with Velcro "sticky mittens" designed by Amy NeedhamCognitive Development in Infants Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because. In particular, Woodward probes how babies view other people. Human beings constantly infer other people's mental

Hill, Wendell T.

217

BabyExp: Constructing a huge multimodal resource to acquire  

E-print Network

which they learn how to distill the rele- vant pieces of information · BabyExp is a radically new kindBabyExp: Constructing a huge multimodal resource to acquire commonsense knowledge like children do. of Crete, 5 University of Stuttgart 1. The BabyExp project · Current knowledge extraction methods

Reyle, Uwe

218

Healthy Native Babies Project Training Post-Test  

E-print Network

Healthy Native Babies Project Training Post-Test Trainee Code: Training Location: Training Date and during pregnancy increases the risk of SIDS. T F 4. The place where the baby sleeps should have bumpers will give out Healthy Native Babies Project health education print materials in the communities where I work

Rau, Don C.

219

Healthy Native Babies Project Training Pre-Test  

E-print Network

Healthy Native Babies Project Training Pre-Test Trainee Code: Training Location: Training Date and during pregnancy increases the risk of SIDS. T F 4. The place where the baby sleeps should have bumpers will give out Healthy Native Babies Project health education print materials in the communities where I work

Rau, Don C.

220

Marketing the Leisure Experience to Baby Boomers and Older Tourists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourism is big business, especially for the increasing numbers of baby boomers who are becoming increasingly targeted by marketers and travel companies as a growing market. This is because many baby boomers are healthier, financially well off, better educated and have a greater desire for novelty, escape and authentic experiences than previous cohorts of retirees. The baby boomer generation is

Ian Patterson; Shane Pegg

2009-01-01

221

Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

222

Hospitality in hospitals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore an organization-wide philosophy of hospitality in a hospital setting. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An exploratory case study method approach matched the research purpose. First, a hospitality centric philosophy (HCP) was defined from the literature review. Next, a triangulation of unstructured visits, structured visits and key informant interviews is used to further explore

Denver Severt; Taryn Aiello; Shannon Elswick; Cheryl Cyr

2008-01-01

223

Shaken Baby Syndrome: actual innocence petition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this hypothetical case the state's entire prosecution rested on the Rule 702, R. Evd. Medical Testimony that the head injury was caused by SBS (Shaken Baby Syndrome), a biomechanical hypothesis for explaining head injuries. Although this alleged event was not witnessed by anyone, the state posited this hypothesis as the only explanation for the injuries. The rule 702 experts

Kent R. Holcomb

2008-01-01

224

For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. It has no bumpers, pillows

Rau, Don C.

225

Social Early Stimulation of Trisomy-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was initiated with twenty Down's syndrome babies to verify whether subjects undergoing social early stimulation would benefit from this type of treatment. An experimental study was designed with two training groups: visual or written instructions. The analyses of the results established statistically significant differences in the…

Aparicio, Maria Teresa Sanz; Balana, Javier Menendez

2003-01-01

226

Babies Bottom Out--A 'Maybe Boom'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data for the period September 1976 through April 1977 indicate a rise in the United States birth rate; however, the rate is still below the replacement level. It is speculated that the increase is an "echo" effect to the post-World War II baby boom which peaked in 1957. (SL)

Science News, 1977

1977-01-01

227

Arts Participation by the Baby Boomers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on 1982 and 1992 surveys sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts, this report examines participation in seven core art forms by baby boomers, individuals born between 1946 and 1965. Art forms investigated were: classical music concerts; jazz concerts; operas; musicals; ballet performances; theatre; and museums. Findings indicate…

Balfe, Judith Huggins; Meyersohn, Rolf

228

How robot baby learns meaningful representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The representations we provide to machines are meaningful but the meanings are exogenous, they live in our heads, not in the minds of machines. The Robot Baby project develops algorithms for robots to learn representations that are meaningful to them. As meanings must ground out in the time-series data provided to the robot from its sensors, the talk will ask

Paul Cohen

2003-01-01

229

Your Baby Grows: Three to Six Months.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated booklet on infant growth and development from 3 to 6 months of age is part of a self-instructional curriculum on parenting and child development for school-age mothers. Physical, motor, and social-emotional development of the infant are discussed, with emphasis on possible individual differences in babies. The emotional and social…

Cooper, Grace C.

230

With Babies and Banners: Illustrated Historical Booklet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background reading materials are provided in this booklet developed to be used in conjunction with the award winning color documentary film "With Babies and Banners." The film records the role that the women of Flint, Michigan, played in the great General Motors sit-down strike of 1937. The readings are suitable for college audiences and for…

Goldfarb, Lyn; Gray, Lorraine

231

The Baby Boom--Entering Midlife.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. baby-boom generation, born between 1946 and 1964, is the largest generation in the nations's history. Numbering over 80 million people in 1990, this giant generation has indelibly changed U.S. society, requiring adjustments in schools, labor markets, housing markets, and government programs. Perhaps more than any other institution,…

Bouvier, Leon F.; De Vita, Carol J.

1991-01-01

232

Translational Medicine: Bench Research & Baby Brain  

E-print Network

Translational Medicine: Bench Research & Baby Brain Development to Clinical Care Ruth Eckstein, academics, behavior � Little knowledge of mechanisms #12;Fetal Brain Development (Cunningham FG, Leveno KL, Bloom SL, et al Williams Obstetrics, 22nd Ed) #12;Brain Development Differs in Infants/Children Born

Napp, Nils

233

Morphological Correlates of Speciation in Bush Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Morphology is not a reliable specific indicator in nocturnal animals. Nevertheless, because species are genetically independent, appropriate analytic methods should reveal subtle and consistent morphological differences among them. Until recently, the diversity of living bush babies was underrated, and new species have been recognized on the basis of genetic, behavioral and soft tissue data. This has placed museum curators in

Judith C. Masters; Nigel P. Bragg

2000-01-01

234

Cyber Friendly Fire  

SciTech Connect

Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission effectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. Just as with combat friendly fire, a fundamental need in avoiding cyber FF is to maintain situation awareness (SA). We suggest that cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system (and that populate the nodes), the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive (and offensive) countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. A training implication is to raise awareness and understanding of these critical knowledge units; an approach to decision aids and/or visualizations is to focus on supporting these critical knowledge units. To study cyber FF, we developed an unclassified security test range comprising a combination of virtual and physical devices that present a closed network for testing, simulation, and evaluation. This network offers services found on a production network without the associated costs of a real production network. Containing enough detail to appear realistic, this virtual and physical environment can be customized to represent different configurations. For our purposes, the test range was configured to appear as an Internet-connected Managed Service Provider (MSP) offering specialized web applications to the general public. The network is essentially divided into a production component that hosts the web and network services, and a user component that hosts thirty employee workstations and other end devices. The organization's network is separated from the Internet by a Cisco ASA network security device that both firewalls and detects intrusions. Business sensitive information is stored in various servers. This includes data comprising thousands of internal documents, such as finance and technical designs, email messages for the organization's employees including the CEO, CFO, and CIO, the organization's source code, and Personally Identifiable client data. Release of any of this information to unauthorized parties would have a significant, detrimental impact on the organization's reputation, which would harm earnings. The valuable information stored in these servers pose obvious points of interest for an adversary. We constructed several scenarios around this environment to support studies in cyber SA and cyber FF that may be run in the test range. We describe mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches. Finally, we discuss possible future research directions.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.

2011-09-01

235

Breastfeeding is the ideal way to feed babies. It also helps keep your baby from getting sick as often. Breastfeeding  

E-print Network

are thirsty. BENEFITS FOR MOM: · Your body gets in shape more quickly. · Breastfeeding may help you lose someBreastfeeding is the ideal way to feed babies. It also helps keep your baby from getting sick as often. Breastfeeding is a special time for you and your baby to get to know one another. It is also

236

Born Too Soon: Care for the preterm baby  

PubMed Central

As part of a supplement entitled "Born Too Soon", this paper focuses on care of the preterm newborn. An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications of preterm birth, and around one million more where preterm birth is a risk factor, especially amongst those who are also growth restricted. Most premature babies (>80%) are between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and many die needlessly for lack of simple care. We outline a series of packages of care that build on essential care for every newborn comprising support for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, thermal care, and hygienic cord and skin care. For babies who do not breathe at birth, rapid neonatal resuscitation is crucial. Extra care for small babies, including Kangaroo Mother Care, and feeding support, can halve mortality in babies weighing <2000 g. Case management of newborns with signs of infection, safe oxygen management and supportive care for those with respiratory complications, and care for those with significant jaundice are all critical, and are especially dependent on competent nursing care. Neonatal intensive care units in high income settings are de-intensifying care, for example increasing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and this makes comprehensive preterm care more transferable. For health systems in low and middle income settings with increasing facility births, district hospitals are the key frontier for improving obstetric and neonatal care, and some large scale programmes now include specific newborn care strategies. However there are still around 50 million births outside facilities, hence home visits for mothers and newborns, as well as women's groups are crucial for reaching these families, often the poorest. A fundamental challenge is improving programmatic tracking data for coverage and quality, and measuring disability-free survival. The power of parent's voices has been important in high-income countries in bringing attention to preterm newborns, but is still missing from the most affected countries. Declaration This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). The original article was published in PDF format in the WHO Report "Born Too Soon: the global action report on preterm birth" (ISBN 978 92 4 150343 30), which involved collaboration from more than 50 organizations. The article has been reformatted for journal publication and has undergone peer review according to Reproductive Health's standard process for supplements and may feature some variations in content when compared to the original report. This co-publication makes the article available to the community in a full-text format. PMID:24625233

2013-01-01

237

Babies Look and Learn: A Guide for Parents.  

E-print Network

, College Station, Texas 8-1232 Give baby things to look at to help him learn Hang a toy where baby can see it To make a hanging toy Crush bright colored paper into a ball Sew a thread through it Hang it from a stick or clot hes hanger Lay... baby on his back \\ so he can see 1 Hang pictures on the wall where baby can see them You may cut a picture from a magazine or . hang the pictures children bring home from school. Give baby something to look at and reach for. Tie a...

Anonymous,

1979-01-01

238

Current pattern of Ponderal Indices of term small-for-gestational age in a population of Nigerian babies  

PubMed Central

Background Small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns constitute a special group of neonates who may have suffered varying degrees of intrauterine insults and deprivation. Variations in birth weight, length and Ponderal Index (PI) depend on the type and degree of intrauterine insults the babies were exposed to. The objective of the study was to determine the current prevalence of term SGA births in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital and the current pattern of Ponderal Indices among term SGA in a population of Nigerian babies. Methods Subjects comprised of consecutive term singleton mother-baby pairs in the first 24 hours of life. It was a cross sectional study. The anthropometric parameters of each baby were recorded and the PI was also determined. Results Out of 1,052 live births during the study period (September to December, 2009), 825 were term, singleton babies. Five hundred and eight-one babies (70.4%) fall into the upper socio-economic classes 1 and II, 193 (23.4%) in the middle class and 51 (6.2%) were of the lower classes IV and V. None of the mothers indicated ingestion of alcohol or smoking of cigarette. Fifty-nine babies (7.2%) were small-for gestational age (SGA). Of the 59 SGA subjects, 26 (44.1%) were symmetrical SGA while 33 (55.9%) were asymmetrical SGA. There was no significant sex or socioeconomic predilection for either symmetrical or asymmetrical growth (p?=?0.59, 0.73 respectively). Conclusion The findings showed that proportionality in SGA fetuses is a continuum, with the PI depending on the duration of intrauterine insult and the extent of its effects on weight and length before delivery. PMID:23875695

2013-01-01

239

Lactate: creatinine ratio in babies with thin meconium staining of amniotic fluid  

PubMed Central

Background ACOG states meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) as one of the historical indicators of perinatal asphyxia. Thick meconium along with other indicators is used to identify babies with severe intrapartum asphyxia. Lactate creatinine ratio (L: C ratio) of 0.64 or higher in first passed urine of babies suffering severe intrapartum asphyxia has been shown to predict Hypoxic Ischaemic Encephalopathy (HIE). Literature review shows that meconium is passed in distress and thin meconium results from mixing and dilution over time, which may be hours to days. Thin meconium may thus be used as an indicator of antepartum asphyxia. We tested L: C ratios in a group of babies born through thin and thick meconium, and for comparison, in a group of babies without meconium at birth. Methods 86 consecutive newborns, 36 to 42 weeks of gestation, with meconium staining of liquor, were recruited for the study. 52 voided urine within 6 hours of birth; of these 27 had thick meconium and 25 had thin meconium at birth. 42 others, who did not have meconium or any other signs of asphyxia at birth provided controls. Lactate and creatinine levels in urine were tested by standard enzymatic methods in the three groups. Results Lactate values are highest in the thin MSAF group followed by the thick MSAF and controls. Creatinine was lowest in the thin MSAF, followed by thick MSAF and controls. Normal babies had an average L: C ratio of 0.13 (± 0.09). L: C ratio was more among thin MSAF babies (4.3 ± 11.94) than thick MSAF babies (0.35 ± 0.35). Median L: C ratio was also higher in the thin MSAF group. Variation in the values of these parameters is observed to be high in the thin MSAF group as compared to other groups. L: C ratio was above the cutoff of 0.64 of Huang et al in 40% of those with thin meconium. 2 of these developed signs of HIE with convulsions (HIE Sarnat and Sarnat Stage II) during hospital stay. One had L: C Ratio of 93 and the other of 58.6. A smaller proportion (20%) of those with thick meconium had levels above the cutoff and 2 developed HIE and convulsions with L: C ratio of 1.25 and 1.1 respectively. Conclusion In evolving a cutoff of L: C ratios that would be highly sensitive and specific (0.64), Huang et al studied it in a series of babies with severe intrapartum asphyxia. Our study shows that the specificity may not be as good if babies born through thin meconium are also included. L: C ratios are much higher in babies with thin meconium. It may be that meconium alone is not a good indicator of asphyxia and the risk of HIE. However, if the presence of meconium implies asphyxia then perhaps a higher cut-off than 0.64 is needed. L: C ratios should be tested in a larger sample that includes babies with thin meconium, before L: C ratios can be applied universally. PMID:16626486

Ojha, Rishi Kant; Singh, Saroj K; Batra, Sanjay; Sreenivas, V; Puliyel, Jacob M

2006-01-01

240

Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981

2010-01-01

241

1 | P a g e FACT SHEET: UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital San Francisco  

E-print Network

1 | P a g e FACT SHEET: UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital San Francisco · The 163-bed UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital San Francisco cares for more than 50,000 kids each year and 130 hospitalized babies and children each day. · 300

Klein, Ophir

242

Energy Efficient, Environmentally Friendly Refrigerants  

E-print Network

refrigerants have become expensive or unavailable. A safe, environmentally friendly, high performance refrigerant mixture for replacement of R-12 and R-134a has been developed. The mixture, designated Ikon B, is nonflammable, has zero ozone depletion potential...

Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; Dhooge, P. M.

243

The antiabortion movement and Baby Jane Doe.  

PubMed

In the early 1980s, the leadership of the antiabortion movement became involved in a campaign to establish legal rights to extraordinary medical care for seriously handicapped newborns. Armed with political contacts in the Reagan administration and Congress, and allied with advocates for the disabled, the antiabortion movement searched for a test case to guide through the courts. Antiabortion advocate Lawrence Washburn found such a case in Baby Jane Doe, who was being treated at Stony Brook Medical Center. The movement went on to amend the Child Abuse Act to include protections for handicapped newborns. Activists in the movement chose the issue of Baby Jane Doe because they believed it would attract welcome publicity, give them the appearance of supporting civil rights, and enhance their argument as to the legal rights of the fetus and thus strengthen the case against abortion. The movement was partially successful in obtaining its goals. PMID:3745839

Paige, C; Karnofsky, E B

1986-01-01

244

Does the baby gain weight during labour?  

PubMed

The present study was based on 6940 live singleton births without obvious congenital abnormalities delivered at 24-32 weeks. The birthweight of children born by Caesarean section was lower than that of those born vaginally. This applied whether the baby survived or died during the neonatal period; whether or not there was maternal hypertensive disease; and whether the delivery was at 24-28 or 29-32 weeks. Birthweight for gestational age was greater in those born by emergency Caesarean than those born by elective Caesarean section. After consideration of a number of potential confounding factors, these findings accord with the hypothesis that the baby might gain weight during labour. PMID:11157807

Chard, T

2001-02-01

245

Shaken baby syndrome: assessment, intervention, & prevention.  

PubMed

Child abuse and neglect continue to be parts of a disturbing reality in both the United States and the world. Despite significant advances in the identification and treatment of child abuse, health care professionals are still attempting to grasp the extent of the physiological and psychological effects of child maltreatment and injury. Child abuse, in all of its forms, is preventable, and more must be done to decrease its incidence. Shaken baby syndrome is one of the most deadly and devastating forms of child abuse and is characterized by a traumatic brain injury caused by the violent shaking of an infant. Recognition of high-risk families, combined with education of parents and other caregivers are key to prevention of shaken baby syndrome. PMID:15633302

Gutierrez, Farley L; Clements, Paul T; Averill, Jennifer

2004-12-01

246

Superconducting properties of BaBi3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the superconducting properties of single crystals of the intermetallic compound BaBi3, whose crystal structure is perovskite related. The superconducting transition temperature ({{T}_{c}}=5.82 K) was obtained from heat capacity measurements. Using the measured values for the critical fields {{H}_{c1}},{{H}_{c2}}, and the specific heat C, we estimate the thermodynamic critical field H c (0), coherence length ?(0), Debye temperature {{\\Theta }_{D}} and coupling constant ?ep. \\Delta C/\\gamma {{T}_{c}} and ?ep suggest that BaBi3 is a weakly coupled superconductor. Electronic band structure calculations show a complex Fermi surface and a moderately high DOS at the Fermi level. Further analysis of the electronic specific heat shows that the superconducting properties are dominated by s-wave gap.

Haldolaarachchige, Neel; Kushwaha, S. K.; Gibson, Quinn; Cava, R. J.

2014-10-01

247

Shaken-Baby-Syndrom — Prävention, aber wie?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Das Shaken-Baby-Syndrom (Schütteltrauma, SBS) gehört zu der Gruppe der auf Kindesmisshandlung zurückzuführenden Kopfverletzungen.\\u000a Der häufigste Auslöser für diese Form der Kindesmisshandlung ist lang anhaltendes und unstillbares Schreien eines Säuglings,\\u000a das zu einem Kontrollverlust der Betreuungsperson und zum Schütteln des Kindes im Affekt führen kann (Barr et al., 2006; Reijneveld et al., 2004). Die Lebensphase vom 2. bis 5. Lebensmonat, in

Silke Kramer

248

Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?  

PubMed Central

A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21765737

Bronfin, Daniel R.

2001-01-01

249

Preparing kids for the new baby.  

PubMed

Sibling prenatal classes are a natural extension of nursing's interest and expertise in childbirth preparation for expectant couples. From parents' perspective, these classes have the potential to decrease sibling rivalry and facilitate parental coping with older children's concerns about a new baby. From a nurse educator's perspective, sibling prenatal classes offer a rich learning experience for students by providing an opportunity to integrate knowledge about pregnancy and birth with communication skills and child development knowledge. PMID:9633319

Storr, G B; Robinson, P

1998-03-01

250

Shaken baby syndrome: identification, intervention, and prevention.  

PubMed

More than 1 million children are severely abused annually. Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), one example of physical abuse, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. There is a national annual incidence in the United States of 750 to 3,750 cases of SBS. Shaken baby syndrome is defined as vigorous manual shaking of an infant who is being held by the extremities or shoulders, leading to whiplash-induced intracranial and intraocular bleeding with no external signs of head trauma. Shaken baby syndrome should be suspected in infants with a wide spectrum of clinical signs and symptoms. The classic findings of SBS are retinal hemorrhages, usually bilateral, and intracranial injury. One third of the victims of SBS survive with few or no sequelae, one third suffer permanent injury, and one third die. Parental behaviors, environmental factors, and child characteristics all may contribute to a shaking event. The nurse practitioner, in a wide variety of clinical settings, is in a strategic position for the early identification and intervention for families at risk for SBS. Prevention through parent, caregiver, and community-wide education programs is the only option for infants who are at risk for SBS. PMID:10763623

Wyszynski, M E

1999-09-01

251

Bereavement: caring for families and friends after a patient dies.  

PubMed

New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center is a large academic medical center that provided minimal, if any, bereavement support to families and loved ones of patients who died in the hospital. A comprehensive bereavement program was developed and implemented which included sending condolence cards to family members and friends, follow-up phone calls to screen for complicated grief, individual counseling, bereavement support groups, community referrals, and an annual memorial service for families and staff to provide an opportunity for shared mourning during the grieving process. PMID:23977787

Hottensen, Dory

2013-01-01

252

Neural activation to babyfaced men matches activation to babies  

PubMed Central

Behavioral data supports the commonsense view that babies elicit different responses than adults do. Behavioral research also has supported the babyface overgeneralization hypothesis that the adaptive value of responding appropriately to babies produces a tendency for these responses to be over-generalized to adults whose facial structure resembles babies. Here we show a neural substrate for responses to babies and babyface overgeneralization in the amygdala and the fusiform face area (FFA). Both regions showed greater percentage BOLD signal change compared with fixation when viewing faces of babies or babyfaced men than maturefaced men. Viewing the first two categories also yielded greater effective connectivity between the two regions. Facial qualities previously shown to elicit strong neural activation could not account for the effects. Babyfaced men were distinguished only by their resemblance to babies. The preparedness to respond to infantile facial qualities generalizes to babyfaced men in perceivers’ neural responses just as it does in their behavioral reactions. PMID:19101842

Zebrowitz, Leslie A.; Luevano, Victor X.; Bronstad, Philip M.; Aharon, Itzhak

2014-01-01

253

For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome  

E-print Network

or allow smoking around your baby. Breastfeed your baby to reduce the risk of SIDS. Give your baby a dry or after the baby is born. To reduce the risk of SIDS, do not smoke during pregnancy, and do not smokeSafe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep

Rau, Don C.

254

Continuous exclusive breastfeeding and some related factors in the selected hospitals of Isfahan  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Exclusive nutrition with breastfeeding is the health provider of the infant and mothers and its continuing would provide more advantages. Exclusive nutrition on different communities is affected by different factors. This study aimed to determine continuous exclusive breastfeeding and some of the related factors. METHODS: This was a descriptive-analysis prospective study. The study population included all the breastfed mothers admitted in the obstetrics wards of the selected hospitals. Selecting the hospitals also was done randomly. Data collection tools included a questionnaire completed by 291 mothers. To obtain the data about breastfeeding duration, mothers were phone called at the first and sixth postpartum months. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics and software SPSS. RESULTS: Estimation of mean and standard deviation of exclusive breastfeeding duration at the first and sixth months after the delivery, respectively, were 3.86 (0.55) and 23.67 (6.63) weeks. One month after the delivery, 93.1%, 6.2% and 0.7% of the mothers, respectively, had exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding with formula milk or other ingredients and discontinuation of breastfeeding; 6 months after the delivery, these values changed to 86.3, 12 and 1.7%, respectively. The most frequent period of breastfeeding discontinuation (6.9%) was related to 1-4 weeks. The results indicated that statistically there was a significant correlation between breastfeeding duration and age and the birth hospital. While the results of the study showed no association between breastfeeding duration and number of the children, duration of marriage, educational level and mothers’ occupation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study represented a high continuous exclusive breastfeeding which perhaps was due to applied baby-friendly hospitals strategies. Furthermore, to prevent from discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding, knowing the discontinuation time and its related factors, particularly the first four postpartum weeks, can increase the knowledge of the health staff about counseling and education. PMID:22224108

Esfahani, Mitra Savabi; Fathizadeh, Nahid

2011-01-01

255

Caveats for doctors providing care for themselves, family, friends, and colleagues.  

PubMed

Physicians are almost always asked by a family member, friend, other healthcare provider, or an employee to provide him or her with medical care. Often this request for medical care is made over the phone, at a social gathering, or in the hallway of hospital. This article will discuss the ethics involved with providing medical care to family, friends, and colleagues and suggest guidelines for caring for these special people/patients. PMID:24873131

Kepper, Paul; Baum, Neil

2014-01-01

256

Baby Center A parent's resource for many aspects of  

E-print Network

with hot and cold running water, a microwave, refrigerator, stereo, baby equipment and comfortable seating Resources, is dedicated to helping individuals and departments effectively manage personal, family

Oregon, University of

257

Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Languages Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - Traditional (????) French (français) Hindi (??????) Japanese (???) Korean (???) Russian ( ... Bilingual PDF Chinese Community Health Resource Center French (français) Choosing a Doctor for Your Baby Choisir un ...

258

A qualitative study exploring midwives' perceptions and views of extending their role to the examination of the newborn baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: to explore midwives' attitudes and perceptions about extending their role to the examination of the newborn baby, as well as their general perceptions and attitudes to new role developments.Design: qualitative, data collected using semi-structured interviews, which were exploratory and interactive in form.Setting: six maternity hospitals in South-east England.Participants: ten midwives were purposively selected, including five trained in the examination

Catherine Rogers; Linda Bloomfield; Joy Townsend

2003-01-01

259

Grief and Post-Traumatic Growth in Parents 2–6 Years after the Death of Their Extremely Premature Baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess grief and post-traumatic growth in parents 2–6 years after the death of a premature baby (24–26 weeks’ gestation) and to evaluate Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-Measure (PRISM) in the assessment of bereavement. Method: Fifty-four parents were assessed for their experiences during hospitalization and by questionnaires regarding grief (MTS), post-traumatic growth, affective symptoms and the visual representation

Stefan Büchi; Hanspeter Mörgeli; Ulrich Schnyder; Josef Jenewein; Urs Hepp; Eveline Jina; Rachel Neuhaus; Jean-Claude Fauchère; Hans Ulrich Bucher; Tom Sensky

2007-01-01

260

John Coakley Lettsom's American friends.  

PubMed

John Coakley Lettsom (1744-1815) regarded his West Indies birthplace and the New England states as integral parts of the colonial Empire, and described himself as Americanus. He had numerous friends in the American medical profession and was generous to them with books, plants and financial support. They travelled to Europe with letters of introduction to him and some of them became corresponding members of the Medical Society of London. This work is a brief profile of some of these academic friends. PMID:15682227

James, D Geraint

2005-02-01

261

Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to

Guadalupe Ortega; Cristina Castellà; Carlos Martín-Cantera; Jose L Ballvé; Estela Díaz; Marc Saez; Juan Lozano; Lourdes Rofes; Concepció Morera; Antònia Barceló; Carmen Cabezas; Jose A Pascual; Raúl Pérez-Ortuño; Esteve Saltó; Araceli Valverde; Mireia Jané

2010-01-01

262

Migration of bisphenol A from plastic baby bottles, baby bottle liners and reusable polycarbonate drinking bottles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has recently received special attention. It has been shown that exposure to BPA may occur through the consumption of beverages or foods that have been in contact with polycarbonate (PC) plastic containers or epoxy resins in food packaging. A BPA migration study was conducted using a variety of plastic containers, including polycarbonate baby bottles,

C. Kubwabo; I. Kosarac; B. Stewart; B. R. Gauthier; K. Lalonde; P. J. Lalonde

2009-01-01

263

[Outcome after a shaken baby syndrome].  

PubMed

The Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is a severe inflicted brain injury due to an adult violently shaking an infant. Diagnostic guidelines have been recently published by the "Haute Autorité de santé". The mortality rate after SBS is 21.6 % and the long-term outcome is good for only 8 to 36 % patients followed over more than 5 years. The aim of this article is to describe sequelae after a SBS, their mechanisms, prognostic factors and recommendations for a better long-term care of the patients. PMID:23466403

Lind, K; Laurent-Vannier, A; Toure, H; Brugel, D-G; Chevignard, M

2013-04-01

264

Epilepsy associated with shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Object  The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is an important cause of developmental delay in infants. Epileptic seizures are a common feature\\u000a of this syndrome. The aim if this study is to analyse the impact of the early and late seizures disorder.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  We have retrospectively reviewed the clinical and electrophysiological findings in a series of 404 children hospitalised with\\u000a SBS.

Marie Bourgeois; Federico Di Rocco; Matthew Garnett; Brigitte Charron; Nathalie Boddaert; Christine Soufflet; Thomas Roujeau; Michel Zerah; Christian Sainte-Rose; Perrine Plouin; Dominique Renier

2008-01-01

265

Acquired universal melanosis (carbon baby syndrome).  

PubMed

Generalized pigmentation in a child may be attributed to a wide range of disorders. Acquired universal melanosis (AUM), also known as carbon baby syndrome, is one such rare condition, characterized by progressive hyperpigmentation of the skin since infancy with histopathologic features of heavy melanization of the entire epidermis. Since its initial description, only a few cases of AUM have been described in the English-language literature. We describe here a case of a young child with AUM for its rarity and a few unusual features. PMID:23331086

Ghosh, Sudip K; Ghoshal, Loknath; Bhunia, Deblina; Ghoshal, Astik M

2014-01-01

266

Fatal Fusarium solani infections in baby sharks.  

PubMed

The occurrence of fatal fusariosis in baby bonnethead sharks (Sphyrna tiburo) born at the National Aquarium, Baltimore, Maryland, is reported. An atypical strain of Fusarium solani was cultured from the tissues of two of the infected sharks following postmortem examination. Histopathology revealed an apparent predilection of the fungus for hyaline cartilage. Invasion of the cartilage resulted in hyphae with a distorted morphology. In slide culture the fungus displayed the unusual characteristic of terminal chlamydoconidium generation on macroconidia; this may be of some taxonomic significance. PMID:2746438

Smith, A G; Muhvich, A G; Muhvich, K H; Wood, C

1989-01-01

267

Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.

2014-05-01

268

Assessing Friend Support of Adolescents' Diabetes Care: The Diabetes Social Support Questionnaire-Friends Version  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To develop and evaluate the Diabetes Social Support Questionnaire for Friends (DSSQ-Friends), a measure of friends' supportive behaviors for adolescents with diabetes. Gender and age differences in friends' support for diabetes were examined, as well as the relationship between friend support and adoles- cents' treatment adherence. Methods: Seventy-four adolescents (11-18 years) completed the DSSQ-Friends in addition to other mea-

Karen J. Bearman; Annette M. La Greca

2002-01-01

269

77 FR 37000 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...articles known as baby-bouncers and walker- jumpers. The collection of information...called ``baby-bouncers'' and ``walker-jumpers.'' A. Requirements for...

2012-06-20

270

Patients, friends, and relationship boundaries.  

PubMed Central

When patient and physician are close friends, both professional and personal relationships can suffer. Jointly exploring and setting explicit boundaries can help avoid conflict and maintain these valuable relationships. This is particularly important when the physician practises in a small community where such concurrent relationships are unavoidable. PMID:8292931

Rourke, J. T.; Smith, L. F.; Brown, J. B.

1993-01-01

271

Free Our Friends in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many secrets can be told by the physical surroundings of library media centers. Whether the center is kid-friendly is one of the first obvious tell-tale signs. When a library center has Arthur & D.W., Clifford, Pooh & Eeyore, shells, special rocks, etc. hidden by the circulation center or in the back in boxes, it's time to revolt. The movie Free…

Stidham, Sue

2007-01-01

272

November 17, 2005 Dear Friends  

E-print Network

of slavery intensi- fied the tensions between North and South. Religious revivals centered around such social#12;November 17, 2005 Dear Friends: In a world that struggles to live as one people, imagine a place where equality is a priority. In a world where diversity divides, imagine a place where it unites

Baltisberger, Jay H.

273

PYMK: friend recommendation at myspace  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years Social Networking has enjoyed a significant increase in popularity. The main reason behind this surge in popularity is the social experience associated with connecting content to people and also connecting people with other people. Knowing, seeing, hearing what our friends and like-minded people feel or listen to or upload is an unparalleled experience. Similar to real life,

Michael Moricz; Yerbolat Dosbayev; Mikhail Berlyant

2010-01-01

274

Baby Galaxies in the Adult Universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

[figure removed for brevity, see original site] Figure 1

This artist's conception illustrates the decline in our universe's 'birth-rate' over time. When the universe was young, massive galaxies were forming regularly, like baby bees in a bustling hive. In time, the universe bore fewer and fewer 'offspring,' and newborn galaxies (white circles) matured into older ones more like our own Milky Way (spirals).

Previously, astronomers thought that the universe had ceased to give rise to massive, young galaxies, but findings from NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer suggest that may not be the case. Surveying thousands of nearby galaxies with its highly sensitive ultraviolet eyes, the telescope spotted three dozen that greatly resemble youthful galaxies from billions of years ago. In this illustration, those galaxies are represented as white circles on the right, or 'today' side of the timeline.

The discovery not only suggests that our universe may still be alive with youth, but also offers astronomers their first close-up look at what appear to be baby galaxies. Prior to the new result, astronomers had to peer about 11 billion light-years into the distant universe to see newborn galaxies. The newfound galaxies are only about 2 to 4 billion light-years away.

2004-01-01

275

Massage Changes Babies' Body, Brain and Behavior  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tactile stimulation is an important factor in mother-infant interactions. Many studies on both human and animals have shown that tactile stimulation during the neonatal period has various beneficial effects in the subsequent growth of the body and brain. In particular, massage is often applied to preterm human babies as “touch care”, because tactile stimulation together with kinesthetic stimulation increases body weight, which is accompanied by behavioral development and the changes of endocrine and neural conditions. Among them, the elevation of insulin-like growth factor-1, catecholamine, and vagus nerve activity may underlie the body weight gain. Apart from the body weight gain, tactile stimulation has various effects on the nervous system and endocrine system. For example, it has been reported that tactile stimulation on human and animal babies activates parasympathetic nervous systems, while suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalcortical (HPA) axis, which may be related to the reduction of emotionality, anxiety-like behavior, and pain sensitivity. In addition, animal experiments have shown that tactile stimulation improves learning and memory. Facilitation of the neuronal activity and the morphological changes including the hippocampal synapse may underlie the improvement of the learning and memory. In conclusion, it has been strongly suggested that tactile stimulation in early life has beneficial effects on body, brain structure and function, which are maintained throughout life.

Ishikawa, Chihiro; Shiga, Takashi

276

Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2011-01-01

277

‘Let’s play mummy’: Simulacrum babies and reborn mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay serves as a response to the ‘nightmarish’ discourse that emerged after the broadcast of Channel 4 ‘shock doc’ My Fake Baby. I will argue that the disproportionately excessive and intense response to My Fake Baby mirrors the programme’s extreme emphasis on the trope of motherhood. As such, this article considers how the construction and articulation of different forms

Louise Fitzgerald

2011-01-01

278

Seasonal variations in the incidence of suspected shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A retrospective review of cases at a level I pediatric trauma center from 1995 through 1999 was conducted to identify cases of suspected shaken baby syndrome. Cases were included if the primary diagnosis was associated with shaken baby syndrome, such as retinal hemorrhage or subdural hematoma. The daily temperature and month of admission were evaluated to identify possible seasonal variations

Sandra E. Daly; Susan M. Connor

2001-01-01

279

Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

Cunningham, DiAnne H.

2009-01-01

280

Infants & Toddlers "What's Going On? How to Hold Squriming Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Simple strategies, caregivers can learn to effectively communicate with infants through touch. This article offers suggestions and techniques for calming squirming babies of all types and ages who seem to be unable to find a comfortable position while being held. She begins by suggesting that care givers of very small babies be patient and…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2005-01-01

281

Talking with Your Baby: Family as the First School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that children s first words are exciting for parents to hear, this book describes how babies can "talk" before they learn to say actual words and shows ways parents can help babies learn language. The book addresses a neglected area in child development--how to help low literacy parents and parents for whom English is a Second Language…

Honig, Alice Sterling; Brophy, Holly Elisabeth

282

Happiest Baby on the Block: A Descriptive Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crying is very common among infants, but should not last for extended periods of time. Inconsolable crying is very stressful for parents, and is one of the leading causes of shaken baby syndrome and other child abuse. The purpose of this study it to evaluate the efficacy of The Happiest Baby (THB) program to help reduce parent stress and inconsolable

Kristin Stefan

2011-01-01

283

When Your Baby Is Born with a Health Problem  

MedlinePLUS

... re probably learning all you can about how to make your pregnancy, labor, and delivery go smoothly and leave you and your baby ... Delivery Room Most babies are born in a labor and delivery room. But ... be transferred to a delivery room with additional medical equipment. Besides ...

284

Baby Robot "YOTARO" Hiroki Kunimura, Chiyoko Ono, Madoka Hirai2  

E-print Network

with people, such as the mental-commit robot Paro [5], AIBO [6] the pet-type robot, and mobile gamesBaby Robot "YOTARO" Hiroki Kunimura�, Chiyoko Ono�, Madoka Hirai2 Masatada Muramoto�, Wagner_tori@mbb.nifty.ne.jp, jhoshino@esys.tsukuba.ac.jp, Abstract. YOTARO is a baby-type robot developed to create a new communication

Boyer, Edmond

285

Healthy Native Babies Project Safe Sleep Messages Activity  

E-print Network

offers many benefits such as balanced nutrition, protection against some illnesses, and building blocks Project Smoking Q11: Why is smoking during pregnancy a problem? 22 #12;Healthy Native Babies Project Smoking A11: Smoking decreases the amount of oxygen the baby gets, both during pregnancy and after

Rau, Don C.

286

Baby Modula3 and a theory of objects  

E-print Network

it to study the formal semantics of objects. Baby Modula­3 is defined with a structured operational semantics95 Baby Modula­3 and a theory of objects Mart'in Abadi February 2, 1993; revised December 2, 1992 d. This experience is useful in the short term in refining our designs, and invaluable in the long term in advancing

Abadi, Martín

287

Branded generations: baby boomers moving into the seniors market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to highlight the issues that arise for marketers and consumers in the branding of generational cohorts, with a focus on the baby boomers recent encroachment into the seniors market. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews current knowledge of the brand characteristics of the baby boom generation and their consumption patterns compared to traditional

Susan Dann

2007-01-01

288

Baby boom consumers and technology: shooting down stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Current stereotypes of aging consumers paint a picture of them as technology anxious and reluctant to adopt new technologies. This paper aims to show that the present 50-to-60 age group does not fit these stereotypes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 620 Finnish baby boomers (aged between 50 and 60) responded to a mail survey. Findings – Baby boom

Jenni Niemelä-Nyrhinen

2007-01-01

289

Compare Hospitals  

MedlinePLUS

2014 Leapfrog Hospital Survey Results Now Available Thank you for visiting the Leapfrog Hospital Survey Results Website. These results are based on surveys submitted by hospitals across the country that have demonstrated a commitment ...

290

Friends of the National Library of Medicine  

MedlinePLUS

... Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of ... Paul G. Rogers Chairman, Friends of the National Library of Medicine and former member of the U.S. ...

291

Having Friends, Making Friends, and Keeping Friends: Relationships as Educational Contexts. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer relations contribute substantially to both social and cognitive development. The essentials of friendship are reciprocity and commitment between individuals who see themselves more or less as equals. Affiliation and common interests, the main themes in friendship relations, are first understood in early childhood. Friends serve as emotional…

Hartup, Willard W.

292

For Professors, "Friending" Can Be Fraught  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People connect on Facebook by asking to "friend" one another. A typical user lists at least 100 such connections, while newbies are informed, "You don't have any friends yet." A humbling statement. It might make one want to find some. But friending students can be even dicier than befriending them. In the real world, casual professors may ask…

Lipka, Sara

2007-01-01

293

Classroom Friends and Very Best Friends: A Short-Term Longitudinal Analysis of Relationship Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Second-, third-, fifth-, and sixth-grade children evaluated relationship qualities of a self-nominated friend and a self-nominated very best friend over a 6-month school year period. Results demonstrated that 76% of the friend relationships and 50% of the very best friend relationships were maintained over the course of the study. Children in…

McChristian, Chrystal L.; Ray, Glen E.; Tidwell, Pamela S.; LoBello, Steven G.

2012-01-01

294

Adolescent Boys' Intentions of Seeking Help from Male Friends and Female Friends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined adolescent boys' intentions of seeking help from male friends and female friends. We evaluated mean differences in boys' help-seeking intentions; assessed whether boys' individual characteristics predicted their intentions; and examined perceived support from male friends and female friends as mediators of these relationships.…

Sears, Heather A.; Graham, Joanna; Campbell, Anna

2009-01-01

295

Baby Jane Doe in the media.  

PubMed

A review of national television, magazine, and newspaper coverage of the case of Baby Jane Doe indicates that most of it lacked perspective and context; stories were generally incomplete and often imprecise; reporting was sometimes inaccurate; and overall, inadequate attention was paid to the medical, legal, philosophical, and social implications of the case. Human-interest and political elements of the story were generally well covered. Even after taking account of the pressures and constraints of daily and weekly news reporting, we conclude that the print press and television could have done a better job without devoting more space or time to the story. This could have been done by assigning reporters with greater expertise and by paying more attention to the needs of a hypothetical "reasonable reader." PMID:3745840

Klaidman, S; Beauchamp, T L

1986-01-01

296

Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure  

SciTech Connect

After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

2007-12-20

297

The gay-friendly closet  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent decades, U.S. popular opinion has become more accepting of homosexuality, a shift apparent in the workplace, where\\u000a gay-friendly policies increasingly are in effect. These changes in attitudes and organizational practices have led some scholars\\u000a to question the relevance of the closet for describing the contemporary lives of lesbians and gay men. The authors investigated\\u000a this claim by analyzing

Christine L. Williams; Patti A. Giuffre; Kirsten Dellinger

2009-01-01

298

Hospital celebrates skin to skin contact to raise awareness.  

PubMed

NEONATAL nurses at Birmingham's City Hospital have been celebrating the benefits of skin to skin contact with premature babies. They held a week of celebrations in the unit last month, in which they promoted the kangaroo care technique and breastfeeding to parents. PMID:23988055

2013-06-01

299

Predictors of prolonged hospital stays following hip and knee arthroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Orthopaedic leaders face extraordinary pressures in a world of diminishing resources, aging baby boomers and escalating demands for hip and knee replacement surgeries. Never has the need for focused, proactive care to improve outcomes and avoid unnecessary hospital days been greater. In this study, risk factors associated with prolonged length of stay (LOS) were investigated for hip and knee arthroplasty

Valerie MacDonald; Pamella Ottem; Michael Wasdell; Rae Spiwak

2010-01-01

300

Handwashing and cohorting in prevention of hospital acquired infections with respiratory syncytial virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospital acquired infections with respiratory syncytial virus are a major problem. The virus is spread predominantly by infected nasal secretions and we investigated whether we could reduce its incidence by cohorting babies on each ward into designated areas and encouraging staff and parents to wash their hands. We examined the incidence of hospital acquired infection due to respiratory syncytial virus

D Isaacs; H Dickson; C OCallaghan; R Sheaves; A Winter; E R Moxon

1991-01-01

301

Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents.  

E-print Network

TOoe . ZTA245 07 8873 , ~O.I2."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from... touching you Hold him close to your body. Stroke his cheek Rub his body when you : bathe him. ~dby needs things he can grasp Things he can hold Things he can drop Babies learn by tasting Give babies toys that are safe They will put them...

Anonymous,

1979-01-01

302

Care of low birth weight babies in slums.  

PubMed

We studied 289 newborn infants from birth till one year of age. Low birth weight babies (less than 2.5 kg) were 52.9%. Boys suffered 9.7 episodes of sickness, and girls 8.6 episodes of sickness. The mean episodes of various sicknesses, and their impact on weight gain, feeding pattern and growth pattern are discussed. Six deaths were observed, of which 4 were among the low birth weight babies. Mortality in babies born less than 2 kg was 44.4% and above 2 kg was less than 1%. PMID:2807450

Patel, R B

1989-01-01

303

For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome  

E-print Network

pregnancy, and do not smoke or allow smoking around your baby. Breastfeed your baby to reduce the risk drugs during pregnancy or after the baby is born. To reduce the risk of SIDS, do not smoke duringSafe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep

Rau, Don C.

304

Hospital Greenspace Lawson Memorial Hospital,  

E-print Network

H Hospital Greenspace Lawson Memorial Hospital, Golspie ­ Greenspace Case Study Background to hospital greenspace to be carried out in the Highlands. This project is now entering its third phase. Phase of Phase 2. This resulted in the identification of the Lawson Memorial Hospital as the site

305

Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women  

E-print Network

, and advertisement industries who capitalize on our nurturing reaction [i.e., Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse (21 for the baby schema. Imaging studies demonstrated a differential brain response to child faces when compared

Carrington, Emily

306

CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON  

E-print Network

CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON WORDS, THOUGHTS AND THEORIES ABSTRACT are found wanting. Well designed machines would optimize; we are machines that can only satisfice, on a good

Spirtes, Peter

307

CPSC Cautions Caregivers about Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds  

MedlinePLUS

... www.SaferProducts.gov CPSC Cautions Caregivers about Hidden Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds The U.S. Consumer ... is alerting parents and caregivers to the hidden hazards associated with placing infants on adult beds. Consumers ...

308

Protect Your Unborn Baby or Newborn from Infections  

MedlinePLUS

... develop health problems. However, some babies will have permanent problems, such as hearing or vision loss or ... More Information on CMV and Pregnant Women Get disease details on cytomegalovirus and congenital CMV infection . Learn ...

309

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) in Infants and Babies  

MedlinePLUS

newsletter | contact Share | Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) A parent's guide for infants and babies A A A This image displays grouped blisters within an inflamed area of skin typical of herpes simplex. Overview Herpes infections are caused by both herpes ...

310

Head Trauma in Abused Babies, Toddlers Can Have Lifelong Impact  

MedlinePLUS

... Trauma in Abused Babies, Toddlers Can Have Lifelong Impact Shortened lifespan, disability often come in wake of ... found. Miller said he was surprised by the impact of even the minor cases, which included only ...

311

Child Safety: Keeping Your Home Safe for Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS

... If the space between the bars is too wide, your baby could slip through and strangle between ... doorbell, take your child with you. Always test the water before putting your child in the tub. Young ...

312

Sensing danger in baby cribs Programmed to treat autism  

E-print Network

Share | Sensing danger in baby cribs Programmed to treat autism Re-examining parents as teachers importantly, the sensors know--quickly enough for intervention--when infants are not expelling carbon dioxide

Chiao, Jung-Chih

313

Study: Exposure to Diversity Might Boost Baby's Social Skills  

MedlinePLUS

... them," said Amanda Woodward, a University of Chicago psychology professor, said in a university news release. Early ... said the study's lead author Lauren Howard, a psychology doctoral student. "All of the babies in our ...

314

Diffusion-weighted MRI in shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the characteristic CT and MRI findings of a 2-month-old girl with shaken baby syndrome. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging performed 8 days after the insult established the presence of injury to the white matter in the corpus callosum and subcortical white matter in the temporo-occipito-parietal region. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging is valuable in the diagnostic work-up of suspected shaken baby syndrome,

Yu-Leung Chan; Winnie C. W. Chu; Gary W. K. Wong; David K. W. Yeung

2003-01-01

315

Inorganic arsenic levels in baby rice are of concern  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inorganic arsenic is a chronic exposure carcinogen. Analysis of UK baby rice revealed a median inorganic arsenic content (n=17) of 0.11mg\\/kg. By plotting inorganic arsenic against total arsenic, it was found that inorganic concentrations increased linearly up to 0.25mg\\/kg total arsenic, then plateaued at 0.16mg\\/kg at higher total arsenic concentrations. Inorganic arsenic intake by babies (4–12 months) was considered with

Andrew A. Meharg; Guoxin Sun; Paul N. Williams; Eureka Adomako; Claire Deacon; Yong-Guan Zhu; Joerg Feldmann; Andrea Raab

2008-01-01

316

Grain Sorghums Versus Corn for Fattening Baby Beeves.  

E-print Network

A 57-622-12M-L TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL. Pre~ldeni BULLETIN NO. 296 - MAY, 1922 ,' DIVISION OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY GRAIN SORGHUMS VERSUS CORN FOR FATTENING BABY BEEVES R... Tests With .... Steers and Sheep at Substation No . 7. 1920-21 (Table 10) 23 .................................................. Summary 24 [Page Blank in Bulletin] GRAIN SORGHUMS VERSUS CORN FOR FATTENING BABY BEEVES INTRODUCTION The Kansas...

Jones, J. M. (John McKinley); Brewer, Roy A.; Dickson, R. E.

1922-01-01

317

Maternal leisure-time physical activities are not determinant risk factors of low birthweight babies: A cross-sectional study of 1,714 pregnant women.  

PubMed

There is a general recognition of the role of low birthweight (LBW) as a major determinant of infant mortality rates. Since the rate of LBW has been increasing over the past fifteen years in Japan, we decided to ascertain the risk factors related to it, and also to verify whether or not maternal leisure-time physical activities including sports activities, before pregnancy and during gestation, affected the rate of LBW babies. In our study of the 2,682 questionnaires delivered within a year to the Municipal Health Centers of the three cities chosen for this study, 1,714 questionnaires were analyzed. The results in a univariate analysis showed that maternal height, pre-pregnancy weight, length of gestation, smoking, hospitalization before the 37th week of gestation, a history of LBW, and occupational activities were significantly associated with LBW. In logistic regression analyses, mothers of smaller stature, less pre-pregnancy weight, less length of gestation and mothers who were, furthermore, hospitalized before the 37th week of gestation, smoked, had previously delivered a LBW baby or had experienced stressful events during pregnancy were more likely to have LBW babies. The results showed that maternal leisure-time physical activities before and/or during pregnancy had no bearing on the delivery of a LBW baby. PMID:21432201

Cavalli, A S; Tanaka, T

2000-07-01

318

Color View 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 14 (June 8, 2008), the 14th Martian day after landing. It shows two trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm.

Soil from the right trench, informally called 'Baby Bear,' was delivered to Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA, on Sol 12 (June 6). The following several sols included repeated attempts to shake the screen over TEGA's oven number 4 to get fine soil particles through the screen and into the oven for analysis.

The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test.

Each of the trenches is about 9 centimeters (3 inches) wide. This view is presented in approximately true color by combining separate exposures taken through different filters of the Surface Stereo Imager.

The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

2008-01-01

319

Cross correlations of the American baby names  

E-print Network

The quantitative description of cultural evolution is a challenging task. The most difficult part of the problem is probably to find the appropriate measurable quantities that can make more quantitative such evasive concepts as, for example, dynamics of cultural movements, behavior patterns and traditions of the people. A strategy to tackle this issue is to observe particular features of human activities, i.e. cultural traits, such as names given to newborns. We study the names of babies born in the United States of America from 1910 to 2012. Our analysis shows that groups of different correlated states naturally emerge in different epochs, and we are able to follow and decrypt their evolution. While these groups of states are stable across many decades, a sudden reorganization occurs in the last part of the twentieth century. We think that this kind of quantitative analysis can be possibly extended to other cultural traits: although databases covering more than one century (as the one we used) are rare, the ...

Barucca, Paolo; Marinari, Enzo; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, Federico

2014-01-01

320

Rural hospitals  

PubMed Central

The 340B Drug Pricing Program has the potential to reduce outpatient pharmaceutical costs for qualifying hospitals—hut many rural hospital administrators are unaware of their organization’s eligibility. PMID:18637547

Radford, Andrea; Slifkin, Rebecca; Schur, Claudia; Cheung, Karen; Baernholdt, Marianne

2013-01-01

321

Norovirus - hospital  

MedlinePLUS

... be severe, becoming dehydrated (dried out) is common. Hospital patients who are very old, very young, or ... to understand an outbreak (for instance in a hospital setting). This test is done by collecting and ...

322

Neonatal risk factors for cerebral palsy in very preterm babies: case-control study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To identify neonatal risk factors for cerebral palsy among very preterm babies and in particular the associations independent of the coexistence of antenatal and intrapartum factors. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Oxford health region. SUBJECTS: Singleton babies born between 1984 and 1990 at less than 32 weeks' gestation who survived to discharge from hospital: 59 with cerebral palsy and 234 randomly selected controls without cerebral palsy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adverse neonatal factors expressed as odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: Factors associated with an increased risk of cerebral palsy after adjustment for gestational age and the presence of previously identified antenatal and intrapartum risk factors were patent ductus arteriosus (odds ratio 2.3; 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 4.5), hypotension (2.3; 1.3 to 4.7), blood transfusion (4.8; 2.5 to 9.3), prolonged ventilation (4.8; 2.5 to 9.0), pneumothorax (3.5; 1.6 to 7.6), sepsis (3.6; 1.8 to 7.4), hyponatraemia (7.9; 2.1 to 29.6) and total parenteral nutrition (5.5; 2.8 to 10.5). Seizures were associated with an increased risk of cerebral palsy (10.0; 4.1 to 24.7), as were parenchymal damage (32; 12.4 to 84.4) and appreciable ventricular dilatation (5.4; 3.0 to 9.8) detected by cerebral ultrasound. CONCLUSION: A reduction in the rate of cerebral palsy in very preterm babies requires an integrated approach to management throughout the antenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal periods. PMID:9040385

Murphy, D. J.; Hope, P. L.; Johnson, A.

1997-01-01

323

Friends Don't Let Friends ... Or Do They? Developmental and Gender Differences in Intervening in Friends' ATOD Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the strategies adolescents endorsed for situations in which friends were experimenting with alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Four hypothetical vignettes (concerning a friend smoking, using drugs, getting drunk at a party, or deciding whether to attend a party with alcohol and drugs) were presented to 2697 5th-12th graders.…

Flanagan, Constance A.; Elek-Fisk, Elvira; Gallay, Leslie S.

2004-01-01

324

Old Friends and New Friends: Their Presence at Substance-Use Initiation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to test whether the presence of new friends at moments of substance-use initiation differs across substances, and whether individuals tend to initiate substance use, across different substances, either with a new friend or with an old friend. Participants were 419 Italian high school students (41% female). Results showed…

Kiesner, Jeff; Fassetta, Erica

2009-01-01

325

Chicago Magazine / August 2009 / Will Work for Friends Will Work for Friends  

E-print Network

public ads, headhunters, and through their friends--but the best jobs came from friends of friends. "It of presenting yourself as a potential employee, especially in business, as some companies have begun to askIn launched in 2003 as a way for professionals to connect their business networks with their personal ones

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

326

Best Friends: Alliances, Friend Ranking, and the MySpace Social Network  

E-print Network

Best Friends: Alliances, Friend Ranking, and the MySpace Social Network Peter DeScioli Economic of the MySpace social network that allows millions of users to rank their "Top Friends." Here we collect over 10 million people's friendship decisions from MySpace to test predictions made by hypotheses about

Liben-Nowell, David

327

Towards tooth friendly soft drinks.  

PubMed

Most soft drinks contain high concentration of simple carbohydrates and have a pH of 3 or even lower. Therefore, they are harmful for tooth structure. A tooth friendly soft drink (T.F.S.D) should have the following characteristics and elements; fluoride (approximately 1 ppm), casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (2%), xylitol (4-6g/serving), tea polyphenols (2-4 mg/ml), cranberry extract (250 mg/ml of the flavonoids quercetin and myricetin), sugar free, pH close to 5.5 and super oxygenation (240,000 ppm) vs. carbonation. T.F.S.D can be packaged in a container which gaseous oxygen is dissolved in a liquid in the form of bubbles. However, looking at opportunities for so-called sophisticated soft drinks, T.F.S.D will be an example for a functional and health oriented soft drink. PMID:19570614

Kolahi, Jafar; Fazilati, Mohamad; Kadivar, Mahdi

2009-10-01

328

Synchronous identification of friendly targets  

DOEpatents

A synchronous communication targeting system for use in battle. The present invention includes a transceiver having a stabilizing oscillator, a synchronous amplifier and an omnidirectional receiver, all in electrical communication with each other. A remotely located beacon is attached to a blackbody radiation source and has an amplitude modulator in electrical communication with a optical source. The beacon's amplitude modulator is set so that the optical source transmits radiation frequency at approximately the same or lower amplitude than that of the blackbody radiation source to which the beacon is attached. The receiver from the transceiver is adapted to receive frequencies approximately at or below blackbody radiation signals and sends such signals to the synchronous amplifier. The synchronous amplifier then rectifies and amplifies those signals which correspond to the predetermined frequency to therefore identify whether the blackbody radiation source is friendly or not.

Telle, John M. (126 Shady Oak Cir., Tijeras, NM 87059); Roger, Stutz A. (5 Kiowa La., Los Alamos, NM 87544)

1998-01-01

329

Good Agreements Make Good Friends  

PubMed Central

When starting a new collaborative endeavor, it pays to establish upfront how strongly your partner commits to the common goal and what compensation can be expected in case the collaboration is violated. Diverse examples in biological and social contexts have demonstrated the pervasiveness of making prior agreements on posterior compensations, suggesting that this behavior could have been shaped by natural selection. Here, we analyze the evolutionary relevance of such a commitment strategy and relate it to the costly punishment strategy, where no prior agreements are made. We show that when the cost of arranging a commitment deal lies within certain limits, substantial levels of cooperation can be achieved. Moreover, these levels are higher than that achieved by simple costly punishment, especially when one insists on sharing the arrangement cost. Not only do we show that good agreements make good friends, agreements based on shared costs result in even better outcomes. PMID:24045873

Han, The Anh; Pereira, Luis Moniz; Santos, Francisco C.; Lenaerts, Tom

2013-01-01

330

Reconfiguring insufficient breast milk as a sociosomatic problem: mothers of premature babies using the kangaroo method in Brazil.  

PubMed

This study focuses on Brazilian mothers who gave birth to premature babies who were discharged from hospital using the Kangaroo Mother Care Method. While mothers left the hospital breastfeeding exclusively, once back at home, they abandoned exclusive breastfeeding because of insufficient breast milk (IBM). In this project we explored how IBM was interpreted by mothers within their social context. Participatory research using the Creative Sensitive Method was done in the homes of mothers with family members and neighbours. We described the conflicting social discourse that influenced the mothers' perception of IBM and explored their sources of distress. At the hospital and Kangaroo ward, mothers considered that clinicians recognized they were experiencing IBM and thus supported them to overcome this problem. Back at home and in their community, other sources of stress generated anxiety such as: the lack of outpatient clinical support, and conflicting local norms to care and feed premature babies. These difficulties combined with economic constraints and discontinuity in models of health care led mothers to lose confidence in their breastfeeding capacity. Mothers, thus, rapidly replaced exclusive breastfeeding by mixed feeding or formula feeding. Our analysis suggests that IBM in our sample was the result of a socio-somatic process. Recommendations are proposed to help overcome IBM and corresponding contextual barriers to exclusive breastfeeding. PMID:19161541

Groleau, Danielle; Cabral, Ivone Evangelista

2009-01-01

331

Implementing the ten steps to successful breastfeeding in multiple hospitals serving low-wealth patients in the US: innovative research design and baseline findings  

PubMed Central

Background The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are maternity practices proven to support successful achievement of exclusive breastfeeding. They also are the basis for the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI). This study explores implementation of these steps in hospitals that serve predominantly low wealth populations. Methods A quasi-experimental design with mixed methods for data collection and analysis was included within an intervention project. We compared the impact of a modified Ten Steps implementation approach to a control group. The intervention was carried out in hospitals where: 1) BFHI designation was not necessarily under consideration, and 2) the majority of the patient population was low wealth, i.e., eligible for Medicaid. Hospitals in the research aspect of this project were systematically assigned to one of two groups: Initial Intervention or Initial Control/Later Intervention. This paper includes analyses from the baseline data collection, which consisted of an eSurvey (i.e., Carolina B-KAP), Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care survey tool (mPINC), the BFHI Self-Appraisal, key informant interviews, breastfeeding data, and formatted feedback discussion. Results Comparability was ensured by statistical and non-parametric tests of baseline characteristics of the two groups. Additional findings of interest included: 1) a universal lack of consistent breastfeeding records and statistics for regular monitoring/review, 2) widespread misinterpretation of associated terminology, 3) health care providers’ reported practices not necessarily reflective of their knowledge and attitudes, and 4) specific steps were found to be associated with hospital breastfeeding rates. A comprehensive set of facilitators and obstacles to initiation of the Ten Steps emerged, and hospital-specific practice change challenges were identified. Discussion This is one of the first studies to examine introduction of the Ten Steps in multiple hospitals with a control group and in hospitals that were not necessarily interested in BFHI designation, where the population served is predominantly low wealth, and with the use of a mixed methods approach. Limitations including numbers of hospitals and inability to adhere to all elements of the design are discussed. Conclusions For improvements in quality of care for breastfeeding dyads, innovative and site-specific intervention modification must be considered. PMID:23688264

2013-01-01

332

Students' Facebook ‘friends’: public and private spheres  

Microsoft Academic Search

Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of ‘friends’. This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student users of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as Facebook friends, and the attitudes towards such friendships and potential friendships

Anne West; Jane Lewis; Peter Currie

2009-01-01

333

Friend recommendation according to appearances on photos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike the questionnaire based friend recommendation scheme used in Social Network Service (SNS) websites nowadays (e.g. online dating sites, online matchmaking sites), we focus on the fact that most of the online users may be interested in the strang- ers whose appearances are somehow attractive according to their own preferences. In this paper, we present a friend recommenda- tion system

Zhipeng Wu; Shuqiang Jiang; Qingming Huang

2009-01-01

334

What You and Your Friends Should Know  

E-print Network

What You and Your Friends Should Know About Eating Disorders Thagard Student Health Center with a suspected eating disorder should be examined by a medical practitioner. The purpose of this evaluation concerns. Learn about eating disorders and symptoms. Ã? Talk with your friend. Pick a time and place

Weston, Ken

335

No Matter What, We Are Friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

This children's book was written for third and fourth graders, but the audience extends to the parents of these children as well. The book describes the life of one deaf girl and one hearing girl who become friends at their elementary school. They defeat the odds of society looking down on the deaf girl and are still friends despite discrimination.

Sara Bunch

2012-01-01

336

Florida-Friendly LandscapingTM Program  

E-print Network

2080 defines FFL: "...quality landscapes that conserve water, protect the environment, are adaptable by The Manasota Basin Board of the Southwest Florida Water Management District #12;Florida-Friendly Landscaping, and waterfront protection. ... F. S., Ch. 373.185 #12;Florida-Friendly Landscaping Definition continued

Jawitz, James W.

337

Oligosaccharides in feces of breast- and formula-fed babies.  

PubMed

So far, little is known on the fate of oligosaccharides in the colon of breast- and formula-fed babies. Using capillary electrophoresis with laser induced fluorescence detector coupled to a mass spectrometer (CE-LIF-MS(n)), we studied the fecal oligosaccharide profiles of 27 two-month-old breast-, formula- and mixed-fed preterm babies. The interpretation of the complex oligosaccharide profiles was facilitated by beforehand clustering the CE-LIF data points by agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC). In the feces of breast-fed babies, characteristic human milk oligosaccharide (HMO) profiles, showing genetic fingerprints known for human milk of secretors and non-secretors, were recognized. Alternatively, advanced degradation and bioconversion of HMOs, resulting in an accumulation of acidic HMOs or HMO bioconversion products was observed. Independent of the prebiotic supplementation of the formula with galactooligosaccharides (GOS) at the level used, similar oligosaccharide profiles of low peak abundance were obtained for formula-fed babies. Feeding influences the presence of diet-related oligosaccharides in baby feces and gastrointestinal adaptation plays an important role herein. Four fecal oligosaccharides, characterized as HexNAc-Hex-Hex, Hex-[Fuc]-HexNAc-Hex, HexNAc-[Fuc]-Hex-Hex and HexNAc-[Fuc]-Hex-HexNAc-Hex-Hex, highlighted an active gastrointestinal metabolization of the feeding-related oligosaccharides. Their presence was linked to the gastrointestinal mucus layer and the blood-group determinant oligosaccharides therein, which are characteristic for the host's genotype. PMID:21782161

Albrecht, Simone; Schols, Henk A; van Zoeren, Diny; van Lingen, Richard A; Groot Jebbink, Liesbeth J M; van den Heuvel, Ellen G H M; Voragen, Alphons G J; Gruppen, Harry

2011-10-18

338

A Multi-Functional Mobile Information System for Hospital Assistance Dario Cavada  

E-print Network

A Multi-Functional Mobile Information System for Hospital Assistance Dario Cavada Independent Information Technology and Services Professional dario.cavada.lab@gmail.com Manfred Mitterer Hospital Franz of Bozen-Bolzano floriano.zini@unibz.it Abstract Ospedale Amico (Friendly Hospital) is a mobile

Ricci, Francesco

339

Hospital support.  

PubMed

Setting up a successful trauma system requires a significant amount of hospital support. This includes personnel and programs to assist with quality assurance programs, clinical compliance, and rural support and development. It is imperative that orthopaedic trauma surgeons are well versed in the types of hospital support available and the costs associated with each support measure. With this understanding, a strong, sustainable physician-hospital relationship can be created. PMID:24918831

O?Mara, Timothy J; Hill, Austin D; Althausen, Peter L

2014-07-01

340

Hospital diversification.  

PubMed

Hospital diversification and its impact on the operating ratio are studied for 168 hospitals during the period from 1999 to 2004. Diversification and the operating ratio are modeled in a two-stage least squares (TSLS) framework as being jointly dependent. Institutional diversification is found to yield a better financial position, and the better operating ratio allows the institution the wherewithal to diversify. The impact of external government planning and hospital competition are also measured. An institution lifecycle hypothesis is advanced to explain hospital behavior: boom and bust, diversification and divestiture, occasionally leading to closure or merger. Management's attitude concerning risk and reward is considered. PMID:18972998

Eastaugh, Steven R

2005-01-01

341

What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?  

PubMed

Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies' skin healthy remains a challenge for midwives and parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of nappy rash at some time. Nappy rash is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and faeces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the nappy. Infection is not a primary cause of nappy rash, though secondary infection by Candida albicans can occur. Prevention of nappy rash is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. We propose that routine baby skincare should comprise gentle cleansing whenever the nappy is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent nappies, and the application of a barrier preparation at every nappy change. Ideally, a barrier preparation should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin's natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain optimum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume (or other potential sensitisers), or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety. Treatment of nappy rash should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every nappy change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the condition has failed to respond to other approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy. PMID:15314924

Atherton, David; Mills, Kathryn

2004-07-01

342

Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

343

Peakons and Q-balls in the baby Skyrme model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we investigate the Q-ball Ansatz in the baby Skyrme model. First, the appearance of peakons, i.e. solutions with extremely large absolute values of the second derivative at maxima, is analyzed. It is argued that such solutions are intrinsic to the baby Skyrme model and do not depend on the detailed form of a potential used in calculations. Next, we concentrate on compact nonspinning Q-balls. We show the failure of a small parameter expansion in this case. Finally, we explore the existence and parameter dependence of Q-ball solutions.

Lis, Jakub [Department of Field Theory, Institute of Physics at the Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)

2011-10-15

344

Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages. PMID:23181985

2012-01-01

345

77 FR 55812 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was published in the Federal...

2012-09-11

346

77 FR 46739 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was published in the Federal...

2012-08-06

347

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned...

2014-01-01

348

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned...

2011-01-01

349

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned...

2013-01-01

350

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned...

2010-01-01

351

9 CFR 381.157 - Canned boned poultry and baby or geriatric food.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. 381.157 Section 381.157 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT...boned poultry and baby or geriatric food. (a) Canned boned...

2012-01-01

352

Healthy Mouth for Your Baby (for American Indians and Alaska Natives)  

MedlinePLUS

... Talks with Mary Protect your Baby's Teeth with Fluoride Check and Clean Your Baby's Teeth Feed Your ... dentist say?" asked Hope. "She told me that fluoride protects teeth. She also said to feed my ...

353

Nearly 1 in 3 U.S. Babies Delivered by C-Section, Study Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Nearly 1 in 3 U.S. Babies Delivered by C-Section, Study Finds ... research shows. The new study found that 1.3 million babies were delivered by cesarean section in ...

354

Writing User-Friendly Energy Audit Reports  

E-print Network

of the report recommendations and thus achieve increased energy efficiency and energy cost savings for the customer. INTRODUCTION In this paper, we will address two questions: "Why should an energy audit report be user friendly?" and "How do you make... to follow, the reader is likely to set it down to read later, and "later" may never come! HOW DO YOU WRITE A USER-FRIENDLY AUDIT REPORT? From our experience we have identified a number of key points for successfully writing a user friendly audit...

Capehart, L. C.; Capehart, B. L.

355

Cradling side preference is associated with lateralized processing of baby facial expressions in females  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women’s cradling side preference has been related to contralateral hemispheric specialization of processing emotional signals; but not of processing baby’s facial expression. Therefore, 46 nulliparous female volunteers were characterized as left or non-left holders (HG) during a doll holding task. During a signal detection task they were then asked to detect the emotional baby faces in a series of baby

Harriet J. Huggenberger; Susanne E. Suter; Ester Reijnen; Hartmut Schachinger

2009-01-01

356

Baby boomers and busters: an exploratory investigation of attitudes toward marketing, advertising and consumerism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to compare and contrast various marketing- and consumer-related attitudes and behavior across the baby boomer (those born between 1946-1964) and baby buster (those born between 1965-1976) generations. Study results suggest that baby busters, compared with baby boomers, are more favorably predisposed toward marketing and advertising. It was also found that the two generations

James A. Roberts; Chris Manolis

2000-01-01

357

Learn as Babies Learn: A Conceptual Model of Designing Optimum Learnability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A newborn baby’s first move is to look for the nipples. This is an instinct for a baby to live, build strength and interact\\u000a with the world. The interaction seems very similar to our users’ choosing a product for self-empowerment and productivity.\\u000a However, most users are not babies, neither the majority of man-made products embody perfect affordances. How could user

Douglas Xiaoyong Wang

2009-01-01

358

Delta-storage pool disease as a mimic of abusive head trauma in a 7-month-old baby: a case report.  

PubMed

A seven-month-old baby was admitted to a hospital emergency department after collapsing suddenly while staying with his nanny. The baby displayed classic symptoms of shaken baby syndrome, including subdural haemorrhage, cytotoxic cerebral oedema, and bilateral retinal hemorrhages. Child protection services were informed, but both the parents and the nanny denied any involvement. In the subsequent weeks, the baby developed three other episodes of new subdural bleeding and a medico-legal investigation was started into the origin of the repeated subdural bleeding. Eventually, platelet aggregation tests and electron microscopy diagnosed a delta-storage pool disease; that is, a haemostatic disorder involving dense granules of the platelets. Initial minor blunt trauma may have resulted in subdural bleeding, while subsequent retinal haemorrhage could have been facilitated by the underlying haemostatic disorder. Delta-storage pool disease should be considered as a possible mimic of abusive head trauma similar to other rare conditions such as Menkes disease and type 1 glutaric aciduria. PMID:23756525

De Leeuw, Marc; Beuls, Emile; Jorens, Philippe; Parizel, Paul; Jacobs, Werner

2013-07-01

359

Connecting Hospitalized Patients with Their Families: Case Series and Commentary  

PubMed Central

The overall aim of this project was to ascertain the utilization of a custom-designed telemedicine service for patients to maintain close contact (via videoconference) with family and friends during hospitalization. We conducted a retrospective chart review of hospitalized patients (primarily children) with extended hospital length of stays. Telecommunication equipment was used to provide videoconference links from the patient's bedside to friends and family in the community. Thirty-six cases were managed during a five-year period (2006 to 2010). The most common reasons for using Family-Link were related to the logistical challenges of traveling to and from the hospital—principally due to distance, time, family commitments, and/or personal cost. We conclude that videoconferencing provides a solution to some barriers that may limit family presence and participation in care for hospitalized patients, and as a patient-centered innovation is likely to enhance patient and family satisfaction. PMID:22121359

Parsapour, Kourosh; Kon, Alexander A.; Dharmar, Madan; McCarthy, Amy K.; Yang, Hsuan-Hui; Smith, Anthony C.; Carpenter, Janice; Sadorra, Candace K.; Farbstein, Aron D.; Hojman, Nayla M.; Wold, Gary L.; Marcin, James P.

2011-01-01

360

ASSOCIATION OF IMMUNE STATUS IN PRETERM BABIES AND OCCURRENCE OF SEPSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This is the first study aiming to compare the immunological parameters in the cord blood between preterm babies with sepsis and those without sepsis. Materials and methods: Cord blood was taken from 36 preterm babies and the following parameters were determined: immunoglobulin G, A and M, complement 3 and 4, NBT and lymphocyte subsets. All babies were then prospectively

Noor Suryani MA; Mustaffa M; Noor Suryani; Mohd Ashari

361

Infection with netilmicin resistant Serratia marcescens in a special care baby unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outbreak of colonisation and infection with a netilmicin resistant strain of Serratia marcescens occurred in a special care baby unit. S marcescens was isolated from a total of 13 babies; significant infection occurred in five, of whom two died. Epidemiological investigation failed to detect a common source but gastrointestinal colonisation of babies formed a prolonged and possibly important reservoir

D A Lewis; P M Hawkey; WattsJA; D C Speller; R J Primavesi; P J Fleming; T L Pitt

1983-01-01

362

7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Vegetables § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia...with a liquid soap and water solution, washed with...be washed with soapy water and the collected filtrate... Each consignment of fresh baby kiwi must be...

2013-01-01

363

7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Vegetables § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia...with a liquid soap and water solution, washed with...be washed with soapy water and the collected filtrate... Each consignment of fresh baby kiwi must be...

2012-01-01

364

7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

...Vegetables § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia...with a liquid soap and water solution, washed with...be washed with soapy water and the collected filtrate... Each consignment of fresh baby kiwi must be...

2014-01-01

365

TSI (teething ring sound instrument): a design of the sound instrument for the baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we will describe the TSI (Teething ring Sound Instrument), a new sound instrument given to babies, which consists of a teething ring, a knob, an I-CubeX Digitizer [1] and a computer which processes MIDI messages. The TSI is designed to bring music experience to baby with the movement of the babies reflex sucking motion. We provided the

Naoko Kubo; Kazuhiro Jo; Ken Matsunaga

2001-01-01

366

KINETICS OF THEOPHYLLINE IN APNEA OF PREMATURITY IN SMALL FOR GESTATIONAL AGE BABIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To study the pharmacokinetics of theophylline and its correlations to pharmacodynamic effects in apnea of prematurity in small for gestational age babies. Design: Prospective case control study. Setting: Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Subjects: Ten small for gestational age (SGA) babies and 10 gestation matched appropriate for gestational age (AGA) babies with recurrent apnea of prematurity. Methods: All

Mrinalkanti Chaudhuri; S. K. Garg; Anil Narang; O. N. Bhakoo

367

The Loss of a Baby and the Birth of the Next Infant: The Mother's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the area of perinatal death by focusing on the mother's experience. An argument is made for questioning whether mothers attempt to replace a dead infant. It is suggested instead that they long to mother their lost baby and as a result their new infant is mothered in the shadow of the dead baby. The term "penumbra baby" is…

Reid, Marguerite

2007-01-01

368

Can We Reduce the Number of Low-Birth-Weight Babies? The Cuban Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-birth-weight (LBW) infants have a significantly greater mortality than other babies, not only within the neonatal period but also in infancy and early childhood. Babies are LBW either because they are preterm or they have experienced intrauterine growth retardation. Reducing the prevalence of LBW babies is important in reducing child and infant mortality. Risk factors for prematurity and intrauterine growth

Nacyra Bonet Lopez; Imti Choonara

2009-01-01

369

Early Language Stimulation of Down's Syndrome Babies: A study on the optimum age to begin  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we began with a concern for the marked delay in language acquisition suffered by Down's syndrome babies and how early treatment affects the subsequent observed development. 36 Down's syndrome babies were incorpored to experiment at different ages: new borns, 90 days and 180 days old babies, until eighteen months of age. The results obtained established statistically significant

María Teresa Sanz Aparicio; Javier Menéndez Balaña

2002-01-01

370

Compositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao  

E-print Network

. Using this framework, we have produced a certification of BabyVMM, a small VMM designed for simplifiedCompositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Manager Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao Yale hardware. The same proof also shows that a certified ker- nel using BabyVMM's virtual memory abstraction

371

Intestinal microbiota and blue baby syndrome  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common intestinal emergency among premature infants. Risk factors in premature infants include immature intestinal immunity and an intestinal microbiota dominated by hospital-acquired bacteria. Some probiotics have been shown to decrease the incidence of NEC in premature infants. Among term infants, NEC is rare. However, among term infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD), the incidence of NEC is similar to that of premature infants but with even greater mortality rates. Mechanisms by which NEC occurs in term infants with CCHD are unknown. Of central interest is the potential role of changes in the intestinal microbiota and whether these can be modified with probiotic bacteria; accordingly, we review the literature, propose hypotheses and present the rationale for future studies involving preliminary probiotic clinical trials. PMID:21468216

Ellis, Collin L; Rutledge, John C

2010-01-01

372

Trust tops gay-friendly award list.  

PubMed

Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, which provides mental health, sexual health and addiction services, has been named the top performing gay-friendly healthcare organisation in England by equality charity Stonewall this week. PMID:24617366

373

My Friend Is Talking about Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... You Can Do After Suicide Warning Signs of Suicide Everyone feels sad, depressed, or angry sometimes — especially when dealing with the pressures of school, friends, and family. But some people may feel sadness or hopelessness ...

374

Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products  

E-print Network

Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products and materials - The challenges of Denmark. Working Report No. 34 2006 #12;The Danish Environmental Protection Agency will, when opportunity offers, publish reports and contributions relating to environmental research and development projects

375

Is Milk Your Friend or Foe?  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Is Milk Your Friend or Foe? Instead of reduction in ... Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking lots of milk could be bad for your health, a new ...

376

Printer Friendly Version UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY  

E-print Network

Printer Friendly Version UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY Department of Psychology, General purchase two items for the course. The textbook, Psychology (W.W. Norton, 8th ed., 2010), by Henry Gleitman

Walker, Matthew P.

377

Printer Friendly Version UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY  

E-print Network

Printer Friendly Version UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY Department of Psychology, General. The textbook, Psychology (W.W. Norton, 8th ed., 2010), by Henry Gleitman, James Gross, and Daniel Reisberg

Militzer, Burkhard

378

What's Inside friends of the accounting  

E-print Network

What's Inside friends of the accounting program new endowed scholarship remembers accounting board member faculty and alumni notes Accounting Professor H. Thomas Johnson was recently awarded the prestigious American Accounting Association Seminal Contributions to Accounting Literature Award for his book

379

Environmentally friendly preparation of metal nanoparticles  

EPA Science Inventory

The book chapter summarizes the ?state of the art? in the exploitation of various environmentally-friendly synthesis approaches, reaction precursors and conditions to manufacture metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for a vast variety of purposes....

380

Hospital fundamentals.  

PubMed

Under the current system, orthopaedic trauma surgeons must work in some form of hospital setting as our primary service involves treatment of the trauma patient. We must not forget that just as a trauma center cannot exist without our services, we cannot function without their support. As a result, a clear understanding of the balance between physicians and hospitals is paramount. Historical perspective enables physicians and hospital personnel alike to understand the evolution of hospital-physician relationship. This process should be understood upon completion of this chapter. The relationship between physicians and hospitals is becoming increasingly complex and multiple forms of integration exist such as joint ventures, gain sharing, and co-management agreements. For the surgeon to negotiate well, an understanding of hospital governance and the role of the orthopaedic traumatologist is vital to success. An understanding of the value provided by the traumatologist includes all aspects of care including efficiency, availability, cost effectiveness, and research activities. To create effective and sustainable healthcare institutions, physicians and hospitals must be aligned over a sustained period of time. Unfortunately, external forces have eroded the historical basis for the working relationship between physicians and hospitals. Increased competition and reimbursement cuts, coupled with the increasing demands for quality, efficiency, and coordination and the payment changes outlined in healthcare reform, have left many organizations wondering how to best rebuild the relationship. The principal goal for the physician when partnering with a hospital or healthcare entity is to establish a sustainable model of service line management that protects or advances the physician's ability to make impactful improvements in quality of patient care, decreases in healthcare costs, and improvements in process efficiency through evidence-based practices and protocols. PMID:24918827

Althausen, Peter L; Hill, Austin D; Mead, Lisa

2014-07-01

381

Just a Talking Book? Word Learning from Watching Baby Videos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between viewing an infant DVD and expressive and receptive language outcomes. Children between 12 and 15 months were randomly assigned to view "Baby Wordsworth," a DVD highlighting words around the house marketed for children beginning at 12 months of age. Viewings took place in home settings over 6 weeks.…

Robb, Michael B.; Richert, Rebekah A.; Wartella, Ellen A.

2009-01-01

382

Keeping Your Baby Healthy: A Practical Manual for Black Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the belief that black parents have the power to prevent many of their children's health problems, and thus the responsibility to do so, this manual provides practical advice and lists resources in seven chapters. Chapters concern: (1) prenatal care; (2) having a baby; (3) the child's first 12 months; (4) information every parent should…

Dennis, Sharon, Ed.

383

PhDstudentinvestigatesimpact of baby boomers' retirement InsideyourChronicle  

E-print Network

the challenge the baby boomers' retirement poses for many organisations. Psychology PhD student Annette Dunham supervised by Associate Professor Chris Burt and Professor Simon Kemp (Psychology). Annette said she had long had an interest in career transitions over the lifespan but attending a Managing the Ageing Workforce

Hickman, Mark

384

Cannonballs and Baby's Bowls: How Context and Gender Affect  

E-print Network

of male physics education researchers Tested on mostly male high school students Stereotypically maleCannonballs and Baby's Bowls: How Context and Gender Affect Physics Tests Laura Mc to promote women's participation Wednesday, October 13, 2010 #12;High School Physics Wednesday, October 13

Wu, Mingshen

385

Baby cries and nurturance affect testosterone in men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testosterone (T) is generally theorized within a trade-off framework that contrasts parenting and low T with competitive challenges and high T. Paradoxically, baby cues increase T, prompting questions of whether T or its behavioral expression has been mischaracterized. We tested 55 men using a novel interactive infant doll paradigm, and results supported our hypotheses: We showed for the first time

Sari M. van Anders; Richard M. Tolman; Brenda L. Volling

386

Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

Russell, Beth S.

2010-01-01

387

Funduscopic lesions associated with mortality in shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) has been defined as a syndrome of intraocular and intracranial hemorrhage in young children, thought to be caused by violent shaking inflicted by an adult. In many cases SBS is fatal as a result of intracranial injury. Intraocular findings include hemorrhage, which may be accompanied by characteristic retinal folds or retinoschisis lesions. This study

Monte Mills

1998-01-01

388

Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

2009-01-01

389

The US Productivity Slowdown, the Baby Boom, and Management Quality  

E-print Network

of labor and capital, firms with more talented managers will produce more output. The effectiveness workers. The heterogeneity in management talent combined with decreasing returns to scale resultsThe US Productivity Slowdown, the Baby Boom, and Management Quality James Feyrer Dartmouth College

Lotko, William

390

Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

391

Changes in maternal attitudes toward baby bottle tooth decay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have shown that a significant number of parents whose children have baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) admit prior knowledge regarding the harmful ef- fects of putting their children to bed with a bottle. The Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion (ELM) offers a theoretical framework for better understanding why knowledge and attitude are often not predictive of behav- ior.

Michael J. Kanellis; Henrietta L. Logan; Jane Jakobsen

1997-01-01

392

Study of low birth weight babies in Nepal Medical College  

Microsoft Academic Search

This was a retrospective study conducted to study t he newborns weigth less than 2500gm delivered in Nepal medical college in the year 2005 and 2006. The cases were studied to find out the incidence and relation of maternal age, parity, gestational age, sex, etiological factors, mode of deliveries with Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies. There were 172 patients with

S Kayastha; H Tuladhar

393

Baby corn, green ear, and grain yield of corn cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most maize cultivars have been developed for grain production. Because superior cultivars may differ in their exploiting purposes, interest has been demonstrated for the evaluation of corn cultivars with regard to their baby corn, green ear, and grain yields production ability. In the present work ten corn cultivars (AG 405, AG 1051, AG 2060, AG 6690, AG 7575, AG 8080,

Itala Paula de C. Almeida; Paulo Sérgio L. e Silva; Maria Z. de Negreiros; Zenaide Barbosa

2005-01-01

394

Effect of frozen storage on nutritional composition of baby corn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Baby corn (Zea mays) is young, finger-like, unfertilized cobs of maize with one to three centimeters of emerged silk, preferably harvested within 24 hours of silk emergence depending upon the growing season. It is a very perishable vegetable and hence the purpose of this present study is to standardize the freezing method for extending the shelf life of

Santosh Hooda; Asha Kawatra

2012-01-01

395

Innovative design of industrial-academic cooperation in baby products  

Microsoft Academic Search

We got the chance to cooperate with a baby product manufacturer in central Taiwan for this study after paying a personal visit. Students from the Commercial Design Department of a technology university were guided to create innovative designs for products according to the manufacturer's requirements. The industrial-academic cooperation generally helped the teachers and students gained a better understanding of problems

Ruilin Lin; Jingchen Xie

2010-01-01

396

Congenital absence of pericardium in babies with patent ductus arteriosus.  

PubMed

We report a case of two babies with absence of pericardium and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The absence of pericardium was found coincidentally during PDA ligation. The PDA was successfully ligated but the pericardium was not reconstructed. Postoperatively, the agenesis of the pericardium did not interfere with cardiac function. PMID:23749018

Azhar, I O; Anas, R

2013-06-01

397

FINANCIAL PLANS FOR BABY BOOMERS: HOW MUCH RISK? GEOFFREY KINGSTON*  

E-print Network

1 FINANCIAL PLANS FOR BABY BOOMERS: HOW MUCH RISK? by GEOFFREY KINGSTON* Revised version. Keywords: financial plans, asset allocation, risk management, out-of-the-money put options, horizon effect hypothetical clients are John and Joan Randall, a middle-class boomer couple with a teenage daughter. I

Blennerhassett, Peter

398

Designing Deaf Babies and the Question of Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the recent controversy surrounding a Deaf lesbian couple's deliberate attempt at finding a Deaf donor to increase their chances of having a d/Deaf baby. Many have criticized the Deaf couple for harming their child; Deaf advocates have responded that the couple's decision reflects a natural cultural desire. This article seeks…

Bauman, H-Dirksen L.

2005-01-01

399

Hearing Their Own Babble Helps Babies Learn to Speak  

MedlinePLUS

... at the University of Missouri, said in a university news release. "This study shows babies are interested in speech-like sounds, ... through their own capacity to produce sounds." The study was published recently in the ... of Missouri, news release, September 2014 HealthDay Copyright ( ...

400

Know Yourself: Building Relationships with Teenagers and Their Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides general guidelines for home visitors who work with teenage parents and their babies to explore their own thoughts and feelings in relation to the young parents with whom they work and to develop a receptive posture in working with these clients. The authors first guide the reader through a series of questions to identify the…

Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

2007-01-01

401

Shaken baby syndrome masquerading as apparent life threatening event.  

PubMed

A variety of diseases and disorders can present as an acute life-threatening event among which shaken baby syndrome has been recently recognized. A high index of suspicion along with an ophthalmologic evaluation and cranial imaging helps to identify this form of child abuse, which needs multidisciplinary management. PMID:15684458

Ray, M; Ghosh, D; Malhi, P; Khandelwal, N; Singhi, P D

2005-01-01

402

Shaken baby syndrome: A biomechanics analysis of injury mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration\\/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from severe motor vehicle crashes. We conducted an injury biomechanics analysis

Faris A. Bandak

2005-01-01

403

Shaken Baby Syndrome: The Problem and a Model for Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the problem of shaken baby syndrome (SBS), which involves the injury or death of an infant as a result of severe shaking. Advocates a national media campaign to promote awareness of SBS and to prevent needless injuries and deaths. (MDM)

Showers, Jacy

1992-01-01

404

Revisiting the measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age (Dias et al., 2005; Russell & Britner, 2006). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant becomes less

Beth S. Russell

2010-01-01

405

Morphometrical analysis of retinal hemorrhages in the shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A morphometrical analysis of retinal hemorrhages was performed in cases of physical child abuse including the shaken baby syndrome and in controls (severe head injury, intravital brain death, non-traumatic intracranial hemorrhage, SIDS including cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The extent of the retinal hemorrhages was significantly different between both groups. In all cases of physical child abuse, massive retinal hemorrhages in at least

P. Betz; K. Püschel; E. Miltner; E. Lignitz; W. Eisenmenger

1996-01-01

406

Know a Baby Who Needs Help? Call ABC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet describes Project ABC (Any Baby Can), a model networking effort to promote coordinated services for disabled and high-risk infants in San Antonio, Texas. The model features a volunteer, grass-roots emphasis in an aggressive community awareness campaign with a long-term goal of improving the effectiveness of social services and health…

Kromer, Megan E.

407

Birds, babies, and behaving4 MEREDITH J. WEST7  

E-print Network

1 1 2 3 Birds, babies, and behaving4 5 6 MEREDITH J. WEST7 Department of Psychological; and Brain study development for a living, I think I should be able28 to explain my own trajectory through a career in mothering. It was not until I was a full professor and gave a university-44 wide lecture

408

A calorimetric system for metabolic studies of newborn babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a closed circuit calorimetric system designed to determine the amount of energy required for synthesis of new tissue in a newborn baby. This amount can be estimated from the difference between indirect and calorimetric measurements. The system allows the simultaneous measurement of oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, evaporative water loss and heat loss through convection and radiation in newborn

H J Dane; W P J Holland; P J J Sauer; H K A Visser

1985-01-01

409

The Period of PURPLE Crying to Prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is defined as inflicted brain trauma in an infant as a caregiver reaction to persistent crying, and is associated with negative complications. Prior intervention programs have proven effective in reducing SBS. The purpose of this project was to perform a comprehensive literature review to determine if the prevention program of “The Period of PURPLE Crying” reduces

Abby Branderhorst

2012-01-01

410

Situated Nonmonotonic Temporal Reasoning with BABY-SIT  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a review of situation theory and previous attempts at 'computational' situation theory, we present a new pro- gramming environment, BABY-SIT, which is based on sit- uation theory. We then demonstrate how problems requir- ing formal temporal reasoning can be solved in this frame- work. Specifically, the Yale Shooting Problem, which is commonly regarded as a canonical problem for nonmono-

Erkan Tin; Varol Akman

1997-01-01

411

We've Come a Long Way, Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students discuss several human reproductive technologies available today â pregnancy ultrasound, amniocentesis, in-vitro fertilization and labor anesthetics. They learn how each technology works, and that these are ways engineers have worked to improve the health of expecting mothers and babies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

412

Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

Page, Jools

2011-01-01

413

An environment friendly drilling fluid system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on numerous laboratory studies, an environment friendly drilling fluid system is developed. The formula is 4% bentonite+0.3%IND-30+1.5%NAT-20+3%FXJS+2%NFT-25. By adopting environment friendly additives, the system has good temperature resistance (up to 150 °C) and excellent contamination resistance (30% saturated salt tolerance and 8% bentonite tolerance). It can also effectively protect reservoir and achieve more than 81.5% of permeability recovery. When

Xie Shuixiang; Jiang Guancheng; Chen Mian; Deng Hao; Liu Guangquan; Xu Yu; Wang Jianhua; Qiu Kang

2011-01-01

414

Heating Field Theory the ``Environmentally Friendly'' Way!  

E-print Network

We discuss how to implement an ``environmentally friendly'' renormalization in the context of finite temperature field theory. Environmentally friendly renormalization provides a method for interpolating between the different effective field theories which characterize different asymptotic regimes. We give explicit two loop Pad\\'e resummed results for $\\l\\ff$ theory for $T>T_c$. We examine the implications for non-Abelian gauge theories.

M. A. van Ejick; Denjoe O'Connor; C. R. Stephens

1993-10-31

415

Heating Field Theory the ``Environmentally Friendly'' Way!  

E-print Network

We discuss how to implement an ``environmentally friendly'' renormalization in the context of finite temperature field theory. Environmentally friendly renormalization provides a method for interpolating between the different effective field theories which characterize different asymptotic regimes. We give explicit two loop Pad\\'e resummed results for $\\l\\ff$ theory for $T>T_c$. We examine the implications for non-Abelian gauge theories.

Van Eijck, M A; Stephens, C R; Connor, Denjoe O'

1993-01-01

416

5/24/11 3:34 PMUltrasound Fellowship Aims to Train ED Physicians (printer-friendly) Page 1 of 2http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/743186_print  

E-print Network

5/24/11 3:34 PMUltrasound Fellowship Aims to Train ED Physicians (printer-friendly) Page 1 of 2http;5/24/11 3:34 PMUltrasound Fellowship Aims to Train ED Physicians (printer-friendly) Page 2 of 2http introduced in the emergency department (ED) at the Washington Hospital Center in Washington, DC, resulted

Rose, Michael R.

417

Beam Test Data Analysis of the Beam Test Data Analysis of the JLCCDC baby Chamber JLCCDC baby Chamber  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying the higgs boson needs a high resolution tracker. The baby chamber was fabricated with the same cell structure as the current design of the central drift chamber of the Joint Linear Collider. Its performance is studied by looking at the wire efficiency, spatial resolution and twotrack separation capability using an analysis software package already incorporated into the Joint Linear

H. Goo; D. Arogancia; J. Magallanes; A. Bacal; K. Fujii

418

Smart Mom's Baby-Sitting Co-Op Handbook: How We Solved the Baby-Sitter Puzzle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that a family with young children is under tremendous pressure and that a babysitting cooperative can give parents relief during a vital stage of a family's development, this book provides guidance for mothers of preschool children in starting and maintaining a Smart Mom's Babysitting Cooperative based on the University Place Baby-Sitting…

Myers, Gary

419

Mexican hospitals.  

PubMed

In order to understand current medical and hospital care in Mexico, we need to know first their past and then compare that past to their present situation. We can attempt to glimpse into what their future should be. The evolution of Mexican health services from the time of the Spanish Conquest until the the post-revolutionary period involved the creation of hospitals for both the poor and the rich. This continues to be the present goal. Public and private medical institutions evolved in part along with the legal reforms that were enacted through the passage of the Reform Laws in 1937. The Public Assistance Secretariat was established, which was dedicated to assist hospitals, nurseries, asylums and orphanages. In 1943, this Public Assistance Secretariat joined with the Public Health Department, forming what today is the actual Secretary of Health. The formation of private social health care for major medical needs together with governmental Social Security Health Care brought about a radical improvement in medical and hospital care; however, it is insufficient, overpopulated and outdated. It will be necessary during the coming decades that other alternatives to the models of hospitals and medical care that exist today in Mexico be enacted. The present models have not been able to satisfy the medical and hospital demands for present-day needs of the population. PMID:20433794

Loyo-Varela, Mauro; Díaz-Chazaro, Horacio

2009-01-01

420

How to Make Financial Aid "Freshman-Friendly"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ultimately, making financial aid "freshman friendly" also makes financial aid "sophomore friendly," "junior friendly," and "senior friendly." Indiana University has in place an Office of Enrollment Management (OEM) model that includes focused financial aid packaging strategies complemented by unique contact services and communication interventions…

Pugh, Susan L.; Johnson, David B.

2011-01-01

421

Friends’ Influence on Adolescents’ Academic Achievement Motivation: An Experimental Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine the influence of friends on adolescents’ motivation to achieve in school, each of 118 eighth graders was paired with a close friend. The pairs of friends were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control condition. In the experimental condition, the friends discussed dilemmas that required them to decide between 2 actions reflecting different levels of achievement

Thomas J. Berndt; Ann E. Laychak

1990-01-01

422

Impact of hydroxyurea on clinical events in the BABY HUG trial  

PubMed Central

The Pediatric Hydroxyurea Phase 3 Clinical Trial (BABY HUG) was a phase 3 multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of hydroxyurea in infants (beginning at 9-18 months of age) with sickle cell anemia. An important secondary objective of this study was to compare clinical events between the hydroxyurea and placebo groups. One hundred and ninety-three subjects were randomized to hydroxyurea (20 mg/kg/d) or placebo; there were 374 patient-years of on-study observation. Hydroxyurea was associated with statistically significantly lower rates of initial and recurrent episodes of pain, dactylitis, acute chest syndrome, and hospitalization; even infants who were asymptomatic at enrollment had less dactylitis as well as fewer hospitalizations and transfusions if treated with hydroxyurea. Despite expected mild myelosuppression, hydroxyurea was not associated with an increased risk of bacteremia or serious infection. These data provide important safety and efficacy information for clinicians considering hydroxyurea therapy for very young children with sickle cell anemia. This clinical trial is registered with the National Institutes of Health (NCT00006400, www.clinicaltrials.gov). PMID:22915643

Files, Beatrice A.; Luo, Zhaoyu; Miller, Scott T.; Kalpatthi, Ram; Iyer, Rathi; Seaman, Phillip; Lebensburger, Jeffrey; Alvarez, Ofelia; Thompson, Bruce; Ware, Russell E.; Wang, Winfred C.

2012-01-01

423

www.qmul.ac.uk/alumni/batlaa The London Hospital Dental Club 1 Dental Club  

E-print Network

is Peter Briggs, Consultant and Clinical Lead in Restorative Dentistry at St George's Hospital in London of the heavily restored dentition. He adopts a very practical approach to dentistry and has a down and in the future will be devoted to the maintenance of the heavily restored dentition in the so-called "baby boomer

Chittka, Lars

424

CLINICAL/HOSPITAL VOLUNTEER CONTACTS Local Hospitals  

E-print Network

CLINICAL/HOSPITAL VOLUNTEER CONTACTS Local Hospitals: Crouse Hospital Pennie Stagnitta (315) 470 Rhonda M. Butler (315) 464-5180 ButlerR@upstate.edu http://www.upstate.edu/hospital/volunteers/ VA University Hospital at Community General http://www.cgh-home.org/ St. Joseph's Hospital Health Center http

McConnell, Terry

425

Hospitality Menu Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh Hospital  

E-print Network

Hospitality Menu ­ Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh Hospital Version 4 Updated March 2013 BOOKING PROCEDURE CONTACT DETAILS When requesting hospitality from the catering department any written, faxed for conference/meeting support. Hospitality Office 0131 242 7051 / 7052 Hospitality e-mail rie.hospitality

Maizels, Rick

426

Race, consanguinity and social features in Birmingham babies: a basis for prospective study.  

PubMed Central

STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of consanguinity on children's health. DESIGN--The study is a prospective survey from birth to five years of a cohort of babies born in a multiracial community. This report details the initial findings on consanguinity. SETTING--Participating families live predominantly in three health districts of Birmingham, and were recruited in three local maternity hospitals. PARTICIPANTS--Babies of 2432 European mothers, 509 Afro-Caribbean mothers, 625 Indian mothers, 956 Pakistani mothers, and 216 Bangladeshi mothers have been enrolled in the study. Eighty mothers refused to participate. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS--Sociodemographic information was obtained using a structured questionnaire administered at interview. Interview data were supplemented with obstetric information from the medical records. The highest prevalence of parental consanguinity was in Pakistani Muslims (69%), whereas in Muslims from other countries it was 23%, and it was less than 1% in non-Muslims. In the majority of consanguineous Muslim pedigrees the degree of inbreeding was greater than that for first cousin parents. CONCLUSIONS--This prospective study will allow an assessment to be made about any ill health in childhood arising from parental consanguinity, about whether screening programmes are indicated for particular autosomal recessive diseases, and about whether premarital health education might be beneficial. The study has also documented parental ages in different races and this, together with the levels of parental consanguinity in all races, will be useful in genetic methods for assessing the frequency of recessive genes, the possibility of genetic heterogeneity, and whether or not parental age effect exists for new mutations of specific genetic disorders. PMID:2370500

Bundey, S; Alam, H; Kaur, A; Mir, S; Lancashire, R J

1990-01-01

427

Gender Differences in Delinquent Involvement: An Exploration of the Interactive Effects of Friend Bonding and Friend Delinquency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The criminological literature faces a paradox regarding gender, friend relationships, and delinquency. Past research shows that while friends are an important part of adolescence for both young men and young women, males are more likely to have delinquent friends, and male friendships are more likely to cultivate delinquency. Past studies indicate that “girl friends are better” for inhibiting delinquency. Beyond

Meredith G. F. Worthen

2012-01-01

428

"Friends" of Anglican Cathedrals: Norms and Values. Befriending, Friending or Misnomer?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Loyal supporters of Anglican cathedrals first subscribed to "Friends" associations in the late 1920s. Yet, in 1937, a journalist in "The Times" portrayed cathedrals as a "queer thing to be a friend of." Drawing on theories of friendship from a range of disciplines, and surveys of what has been proclaimed in the public…

Muskett, Judith A.

2013-01-01

429

Gender Norms and Institutional Culture: The Family-Friendly versus the Father-Friendly University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the role that gender norms and expectations about parenting play in establishing the family-friendly versus the father-friendly university. Using interviews with 51 male faculty at three research universities, the article considers how faculty and administrators' actions perpetuate cultures that promote or hinder…

Sallee, Margaret W.

2013-01-01

430

When Friends Deflect Questions about Sensitive Information: Questioners’ Cognitive Complexity and Explanations for Friends’ Avoidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

People dealing with stressful circumstances may deflect friends’ inquiries about the situation for a variety of reasons, which could have subsequent effects on relational dynamics. This study investigated the explanations that individuals formulated about hypothetical situations in which friends indicated a desire to avoid discussing a sensitive subject. A typology of explanations for avoidance messages was developed, which indicated that

Erin Donovan-Kicken; Joseph McGlynn; Jane C. H. Damron

2012-01-01

431

Tolerance of baby cleansers in infants: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

This randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the tolerability of a new baby cleanser formulation Johnsons Top-to-Toe cleanser (JTT) on infantile skin. 180 healthy infants (60 in each group) were enrolled and JTT Sebamed Baby Liquid cleanser (SM), and lukewarm tap water were used on the skin of the subjects as whole body cleansers twice a week for 2 weeks. Assessment was done at baseline, 1 week and 2 weeks clinically by a dermatologist, instrumentally, and by the parents. Clinical assessment (erythema, edema, dryness and scaling); skin moisture content; skin surface pH; trans-epidermal water loss; skin oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin; and consumer satisfaction were the outcome measures. There was no significant erythema, edema, dryness, or scaling elicited by any of the three test components. Parents did not report any side-effects. All the three studied interventions used as whole body cleansers were efficacious and well tolerated by infants. PMID:20453263

Dizon, Ma Victoria; Galzote, Carlos; Estanislao, Ricco; Mathew, Noble; Sarkar, Rashmi

2010-11-01

432

Axonal injury and the neuropathology of shaken baby syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined an autopsy series of 14 children with shaken baby syndrome (SBS) who lacked skull fracture. Evidence of axonal\\u000a injury was sought using immunohistochemical stains for neurofilament, 68-kDa neurofilament and ?-amyloid precursor protein\\u000a (?APP). ?APP-positive axons were present in the cerebral white matter of all cases of SBS but were also present in 6 of 7\\u000a children dying of

P. Shannon; C. R. Smith; J. Deck; L. C. Ang; M. Ho; L. Becker

1998-01-01

433

http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/ Baby Stars in the  

E-print Network

by hot stars #12;3 http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/ EM spectrum http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/ Infrared =0.5 µm Visible light ~0.9 to 5 µm Near-infrared 5 µm to ~30 µm Mid-infrared 30 µm to ~350 µm Far-infrared1 http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/ Baby Stars in the Infrared: Recent Star Formation Results from

Rebull, Luisa M.

434

Bisphenol A migration from polycarbonate baby bottle with repeated use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was to quantify the migration of bisphenol A (BPA), from new polycarbonate (PC) baby bottle into the water filled in the bottle, with repeated use up to 100 times and extraction by water temperature ranging from 40°C to 100°C. BPA was determined by GC–MS, operated in the selected ion monitoring mode. The concentrations of BPA, migrated from brand-new

Sung-Hyun Nam; Young-Min Seo; Man-Goo Kim

2010-01-01

435

Learning Concepts and Language for a Baby Designer  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We introduce the “baby designer enterprise” with the objective of learning grounded symbols and rules based on experience,\\u000a in order to construct the knowledge underlying design systems. In this approach, conceptual categories emerge as abstractions\\u000a on patterns arising from functional constraints. Eventually, through interaction with language users, these concepts get names,\\u000a and become true symbols. We demonstrate this approach for

Madan Mohan Dabbeeru; Amitabha Mukerjee

436

The macroeconomic impact of the baby boom generation.  

PubMed

"This paper analyzes the impact of the Baby Boom generation on macroeconomic relationships in the United States. Using quarterly postwar data, it finds that measures of population age composition influenced real interest rates, income, inflation, and unemployment. The demographic variables complement or dominate other economic variables in reduced-form macroeconomic specifications. The paper also projects how the aging of the generation may influence future macroeconomic activity." PMID:12283441

Mcmillan, H M; Baesel, J B

1990-01-01

437

A Parents' Guide for Well-Baby Care and Minor Hospitalizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual offers practical guidelines for many of the concerns that parents have about their infants and toddlers. The manual is divided into seven chapters; each is written by an expert in the field of pediatrics, early childhood education, nutrition, or family care. The following areas are covered: (1) newborn and infant care; (2) growth and…

Luchini, Alice, Ed.

438

Competence, Problem Behavior, and the Effects of Having No Friends, Aggressive Friends, or Nonaggressive Friends: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the longitudinal relations between competence (academic achievement and social preference) and problem behavior (loneliness and aggression) in 741 elementary school boys and girls in the Netherlands (Grades 1-5). Also, we examined the moderation effects of having no friends, aggressive friends, or nonaggressive friends on the…

Palmen, Hanneke; Vermande, Marjolijn M.; Dekovic, Maja; van Aken, Marcel A. G.

2011-01-01

439

The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies  

E-print Network

Charlotte. Both are doing well, but because of the early arrival they will be in NICU for at least several?" by the nursing staff! They are also trying to figure out the logistics of looking after babies in NICU to the Lubbock NICU very soon! The babies were carried by Vicki's wonderful cousin, Cindy Looby. Cindy

Howle, Victoria E.

440

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow  

E-print Network

? ( ) ( ) Birth weight? Was it a vaginal delivery? ( ) ( ) Passed hearing screen? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor discharged home without problems, such as jaundice? Was the pregnancy free of alcohol, smoking, and other drugs? ( ) ( ) Review of Nutrition Yes No Is your baby being breastfed exclusively? ( ) ( ) Is your baby

Borenstein, Elhanan

441

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow  

E-print Network

? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor & delivery complication-free (examples: pre- eclampsia, high blood pressure? ( ) ( ) Was your baby discharged home without problems, such as jaundice? Was the pregnancy free of alcohol, smoking, and other drugs? ( ) ( ) Review of Nutrition Yes No Is your baby being breastfed exclusively

Borenstein, Elhanan

442

Development of the e-Baby Serious Game With Regard to the Evaluation of Oxygenation in Preterm Babies: Contributions of the Emotional Design.  

PubMed

The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs a clinical evaluation of the respiratory process in a virtual preterm infant. The user learns about the preterm baby's history, chooses the tools for the clinical evaluation, evaluates the baby, and determines whether his/her evaluation is appropriate. The e-Baby game presents phases that contain respiratory process impairments of higher or lower complexity in the virtual preterm baby. Included links give the user the option of recording the entire evaluation procedure and sharing his/her performance on a social network. e-Baby integrates a Clinical Evaluation of the Preterm Baby course in the Moodle virtual environment. This game, which evaluates the respiratory process in preterm infants, could support a more flexible, attractive, and interactive teaching and learning process that includes simulations with features very similar to neonatal unit realities, thus allowing more appropriate training for clinical oxygenation evaluations in at-risk preterm infants. e-Baby allows advanced user-technology-educational interactions because it requires active participation in the process and is emotionally integrated. PMID:25010051

Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Dias, Danielle Monteiro Vilela; Góes, Fernanda Dos Santos Nogueira; Seixas, Carlos Alberto; Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan; Martins, José Carlos Amado; Rodrigues, Manuel Alves

2014-09-01

443

4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE "BABY CASE" 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the "Baby Case"  

E-print Network

4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE "BABY CASE" 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the "Baby Case" In this section we attempt to define precisely Lie groups and Lie algebras. One of the reasons that Lie groups are nice is that they have a differential structure, which means that the notion of tangent

Gallier, Jean

444

4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE ``BABY CASE'' 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the ``Baby Case''  

E-print Network

4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE ``BABY CASE'' 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the ``Baby Case'' In this section we attempt to define precisely Lie groups and Lie algebras. One of the reasons that Lie groups are nice is that they have a di#erential structure, which means that the notion of tangent

Gallier, Jean

445

NK cell depletion delays corneal allograft rejection in baby rats  

PubMed Central

Purpose Penetrating keratoplasty has a very poor outcome compared with adults if performed in the first years of life. Rejection in these young patients occurs even in the absence of known immunological risk factors. Recently, a baby rat model was introduced and an essential contribution of natural killer (NK) cells during allograft rejection was suggested. To analyze this, NK cells were depleted in baby rats before keratoplasty. Methods Allogeneic keratoplasty was performed between Lewis and Fisher rats. The recipient's ages were 10 and 3 weeks, respectively. NK cells were depleted by an intraperitoneal injection of a monoclonal antibody. All experiments were controlled by the injection of isotypic control antibodies and syngeneically. Survival rates were calculated and cellular infiltrates were analyzed histologically. Results NK cell depletion did delay median graft survival times in a statistically significantly way compared with the control animals (p<0.01). At median rejection time points, macrophages, CD4+ T cells and CD25+ leukocytes infiltrated to a greater extent in the depleted recipients. No significant changes in the cell numbers of infiltrating CD8+ T cells were observed. Conclusions We conclude that NK cells play a role during allograft rejection in baby rats, but their effect is replaceable. A greater infiltration of macrophages and CD4+ T cells suggests that they might compensate for the missing NK cells’ response in this experimental setting. Our results represent another step toward understanding the complex mechanisms of an accelerated corneal graft rejection in infant recipients. PMID:21031017

Schlereth, Simona L.; Berger, Moritz; Bredow, Laura; Birnbaum, Florian; Bohringer, Daniel; Reinhard, Thomas

2010-01-01

446

Baby cries and nurturance affect testosterone in men.  

PubMed

Testosterone (T) is generally theorized within a trade-off framework that contrasts parenting and low T with competitive challenges and high T. Paradoxically, baby cues increase T, prompting questions of whether T or its behavioral expression has been mischaracterized. We tested 55 men using a novel interactive infant doll paradigm, and results supported our hypotheses: We showed for the first time that baby cries do decrease T in men, but only when coupled with nurturant responses. In contrast, baby cries uncoupled from nurturant responses increased T. These findings highlight the need to partition infant cues and interactions into nurturant versus competitive-related contexts to more accurately conceptualize T, as per the Steroid/Peptide Theory of Social Bonds. This experiment also supports the utility of this paradigm for studying effects of infant interactions on hormonal responses, which may provide critical insights into ameliorating the darker sides of caregiving (e.g. anger, frustration, violence) and enhancing the positive sides (e.g. intimacy, nurturance, reward). PMID:22001872

van Anders, Sari M; Tolman, Richard M; Volling, Brenda L

2012-01-01

447

Academic Hospitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic hospitality is a feature of academic life. It takes many forms. It takes material form in the hosting of academics giving papers. It takes epistemological form in the welcome of new ideas. It takes linguistic form in the translation of academic work into other languages, and it takes touristic form through the welcome and generosity with…

Phipps, Alison; Barnett, Ronald

2007-01-01

448

Clinical/Hospital Volunteer Contacts Local Hospitals  

E-print Network

Clinical/Hospital Volunteer Contacts Local Hospitals: Crouse Hospital Pennie Stagnitta Reverend Center - http://www.schcny.com/volunteers/ Community General Hospital - http://cgh-home.org/site2/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=86&Itemid=57 St. Joseph's Hospital Health Center - http://www.sjhsyr.org/sjhhc/stj_about_8.asp

Kovalev, Leonid

449

Social capital: the benefit of Facebook ‘friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated the role Facebook use plays in the creation or maintenance of social capital among university students in South Africa. Data were collected using questionnaires completed by over 800 students from 7 universities. The questionnaire was obtained from a study conducted in Michigan State University (Ellison N.B., Steinfield, C., and Lampe, C., 2007. The benefits of Facebook “Friends”:

Kevin Johnston; Maureen Tanner; Nishant Lalla; Dori Kawalski

2011-01-01

450

Students' Facebook "Friends": Public and Private Spheres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of "friends". This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student users of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as Facebook…

West, Anne; Lewis, Jane; Currie, Peter

2009-01-01

451

How Friendly Is Your Computer Corner?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article describes ways to encourage effective classroom computer use. Setup of the computer corner is crucial. A friendly corner should include things like explanatory posters, disk boxes, a digital clock, earphones, a timer, chairs, and a wheeled cart. A sign-up sheet encourages efficient scheduling, which is also critical. (SM)

Ramondetta, June

1989-01-01

452

Earnings management by friendly takeover targets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Accounting research has emphasized target and bidder managers' incentives to manipulate earnings during corporate control contests. However, prior studies examining earnings management by takeover targets have obtained mixed results. Moreover, the existing evidence is mainly based on US data and hostile mergers and acquisitions (M&A) transactions. The purpose of this study is to examine earnings management by friendly

Walid Ben-Amar; Franck Missonier-Piera

2008-01-01

453

Cultivating a Brain-Friendly Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has revealed remarkable data about the intricacies of brain-based learning and the integration of this knowledge into the academic setting. Prudent educators can create a brain-friendly classroom by developing an emotionally and physically safe environment, using laughter and simple exercises to eliminate mental cobwebs, creating…

Biller, Lowell W.

1997-01-01

454

An artist friendly hair shading system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rendering hair in motion pictures is an important and challenging task. Despite much research on physically based hair rendering, it is currently difficult to benefit from this work because physically based shading models do not offer artist friendly controls. As a consequence much production work so far has used ad hoc shaders that are easier to control, but often lack

Iman Sadeghi; Heather Pritchett; Henrik Wann Jensen; Rasmus Tamstorf

2010-01-01

455

Children's School February 2011 (Thank You, Friends)  

E-print Network

Children's School February 2011 (Thank You, Friends) Ten students from Duksung Women's University, Cranor, Fulmer, and Sekula children. The students had a wonderful time experiencing American family life, sharing traditions (including watching the Steelers WIN), tasting new foods, and even sledding. During

456

Best friends' discussions of social dilemmas.  

PubMed

Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best friends (191 dyads; 53.4% female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad members completed a self-report measure of friendship quality. Dyadic data analyses guided by the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model indicated that adolescent and friend reports of friendship qualities were related to the forms of reasoning used during discussion. Friends who both reported that they could resolve conflicts in a constructive way were more likely to use moral reasoning than friends who reported that their conflict resolution was poor or disagreed on the quality of their conflict resolution. The findings provide evidence for the important role that friendship interaction may play in adolescents' social and moral development. PMID:23666555

McDonald, Kristina L; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H

2014-02-01

457

Environmentally Friendly Renormalization Group and Phase Transitions  

E-print Network

We discuss an environmentally friendly renormalization group approach to analyze phase transitions. We intend to apply this method to the Electroweak Phase Transition. This work is in progress. We present some previously obtained results concerning a scalar theory, where the main features of this algorithm are introduced.

F. Astorga

2002-02-01

458

Environmentally Friendly Renormalization Group and Phase Transitions  

E-print Network

We discuss an environmentally friendly renormalization group approach to analyze phase transitions. We intend to apply this method to the Electroweak Phase Transition. This work is in progress. We present some previously obtained results concerning a scalar theory, where the main features of this algorithm are introduced.

Astorga, F

2002-01-01

459

Going Green: Environmentally Friendly Schools Pay Off  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The notion of campuses that are energy-efficient and ecologically friendly, and that provide a healthy, productive, comfortable environment for students and staff has been around for some time. But for many educators, green schools have remained more good intention than proven approach, a huge risk that few school leaders could--or would--take.…

LaFee, Scott

2008-01-01

460

Kid-Friendly Cities Report Card, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the health and wellbeing of children in the United States' largest cities, covering every city with a population of 100,000 or more, as well as the largest cities in states without any cities of this size. Research shows that many cities are becoming more child-friendly, with better access to good education, jobs, and health…

Polansky, Lee S., Ed.

2001-01-01

461

Participants in "Friends with Benefits" Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of survey data from 1013 undergraduates at a large southeastern university revealed that over half (51%) reported experience in a "friends with benefits" relationship. In comparing the background characteristics of participants with nonpartipants in a FWBR, ten statistically significant findings emerged. Findings included that…

Puentes, Jennifer; Knox, David; Zusman, Marty E.

2008-01-01

462

Class List [not equal to] Friend List  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Amy Hestir Student Protection Act, also known as the Missouri Facebook Law, forbids exclusive or private conversations between teachers and students on Facebook. A judge has granted an injunction against it, but this issue has sparked a debate among teachers about whether they should be Facebook friends with current students and in what ways…

Hunter, Eileen

2012-01-01

463

Special Report A Small Circle Of Friends  

E-print Network

respondents said they found jobs through acquaintances--old college friends, former colleagues, people not only explained why her battery kept draining but also encouraged her to post some photos on the forum family understood very little about what we were going through," says Franks, "but here was a whole group

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

464

Environment friendly revolution in home appliances  

Microsoft Academic Search

In home appliances, electrical energy is optimally controlled by using power electronics technology, creating a comfortable environment in terms of energy saving, low sound generation, and reduced time consumption. At present, this technology has been expanding the range of its applications and leading environment friendly revolution in home appliances. This paper describes an ultra low-noise washing machine with direct drive

Teruya Tanaka

2001-01-01

465

How to win friends and influence people  

E-print Network

My thesis work developed out of a specific book: How to Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie. The book is one of the best-selling self-help books of all time. Every part of the book was material for my project: ...

Wheelock, Jess (Jessica Therese)

2010-01-01

466

CONTENTS A MESSAGE TO OUR FRIENDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

So here is a brief overview of the news that reflects the efforts of the incredible partnership that The Help Group comprises - a partnership of our Board of Directors, administration, faculty, governmental colleagues, philanthropic friends working together to support our mission to serve children with special needs and their families. Although this is just a snapshot, we hope that

Garth Ancier; Bruce Berman; Janice Berman; Danny Bramson; James L. Brooks; Amy Brenneman; Brad Silberling; Victor Coleman; Bruce C. Corwin; Dick Costello; Greg Daniels; Robert Davidow; Sharon Davis; Michael Eisner; Mel Elias; Lee Gabler; Jim Gianopulos; Jonathan Glaser; Brian Grazer; Dean Schramm; Sandy Grushow; Sam Haskell; Robert Hertzberg; Andy Heyward; Quincy Jones; Michael Kassan; Brian Kennedy; Arnie Kleiner; Stuart Liner; Margaret Loesch; Marlee Matlin; Chris McGurk; Ron Meyer; Barry M. Meyer; Michael Milken; Lowell Milken; Sandra Milken; Dawn Ostroff; Richard J. Riordan; Fredric D. Rosen; Bruce Rosenblum; Haim Saban; Gary H. Carmona; Barbara Firestone; Susan Berk; Robert Dorman; David Firestone; Perry Katz; Martin Lasky; Jerrold Monkarsh; Chair Elect; Joy Monkarsh; Barry N. Nagoshiner; Judd Swarzman; Howard Tenenbaum; Richard M. Zelle

467

DEPARTMENT NEWS DMES Loses a Friend  

E-print Network

,air quality,air quality monitoring,climate change, basic principles of environ- mental sustainability of DMES hurricane researcher and friend to students, faculty and staff, John M. Williams. During the years,Issue 1 Florida Institute of Technology · College of Engineering Florida Tech Partners in New Master

Wood, Stephen L.

468

CANCER METABOLISM Tumour friend or foe  

E-print Network

suppressor: muta- tions that inactivate this gene are among the most common causes of human lung cancerCANCER METABOLISM Tumour friend or foe Elucidation of a signalling pathway that promotes tumour-cell survival during metabolic stress reveals that a protein called AMPK may both hinder and enhance cancer

Cai, Long

469

Kyle Friend A429, Science Addition  

E-print Network

embryonic stem cells regulate Nanog and c- Myc translation through alternative usage of mRNA upstream open.E., Thomson, J.A. and Kimble, J. Embryonic stem cells regulate translation initiation to maintain pluripotency. In preparation. Friend, K., Brook, M., Bezirci, F.B.*, Sheets, M.D., Gray, N.K. and Seli, E. 2012. Embryonic poly

Marsh, David

470

Friendbook: A Semantic-based Friend Matching  

E-print Network

place? ­ How to protect the personal privacy during friend making? ­ How to measure the similarity while preserving users' privacy #12;Mobile Phone · Our solution is motivated by the advances in smart phones · Why do we choose mobile phone? ­ Equipped with multiple embedded sensors · GPS, Accelerometer

Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

471

A newsletter for alumni and friends of  

E-print Network

in the Depart- ment of Mechanical Engineering. The noted engineer, physicist, innovator, philanthropistA newsletter for alumni and friends of the Department of Mechanical Engineering I N S I D E 2, and most recent inductee into the A. James Clark School of Engineering's Innovation Hall of Fame has built

Li, Teng

472

A Parent's Guide To Family-Friendly  

E-print Network

A Parent's Guide To Family-Friendly Child Care Centers #12;HOW DOES A GOOD CHILD CARE CENTER BECOME A GREAT CHILD CARE CENTER? How does a good child care center become a great child care center? It doesn't happen overnight, but good child care centers are transforming themselves into great child care centers

Barrash, Warren

473

Supportive Resources for Adult Patients, Family Members, and Friends  

E-print Network

with Loss ­ The Bereavement Program supports family members and friends following the death of a loved one. 617-632-2490 or www.dana-farber.org/bereavement Hats, Wigs, Scarves, and Prostheses ­ Visit Friends

Liu, Xiaole Shirley

474

Close Friends May Be Key to Teens' Drinking  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Close Friends May Be Key to Teens' Drinking Larger peer ... Drinking FRIDAY, Nov. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Close friends have more influence on teens' alcohol use than ...

475

Near-Centenarian Makes Friends Quickly in New Home  

MedlinePLUS

... Past Issues Feature: Senior Living Near-Centenarian Makes Friends Quickly in New Home Past Issues / Summer 2009 ... Alice found she had great support from her friends there. Photo: Kathleen Cravedi Personal Transitions Alice Anguria ...

476

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PROCESSING OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR THERMAL INSULATION  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PROCESSING OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR THERMAL INSULATION CHANJOONG KIM, 151-742, Korea Abstract An environmentally friendly processing method of polyurethane foam, chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) gases were eliminated to minimize environmental destruction. Carbon dioxide gas was used

Kim, Chanjoong

477

Hospital design of the future--healing environments.  

PubMed

Predicting the future of hospital design is hardly a consensus forming art. Crystal ball visions of the 21st-century hospital vary from expert to expert. Perhaps that's simply a sign of the diversity of our health care system. Or perhaps it's a problem inherent in reading the future. For example, some hospital architects and facility planners say tomorrow's hospitals will be smaller due to technological advances. Others say those same advances will create larger hospitals brimming with high-tech equipment. Some say hospitals will be part of medical malls; others see them in a campus setting, perhaps accompanied by satellite facilities in the surrounding community. Yet, despite their often diverse views of the future, architects and planners do share common thoughts about hospital architecture in the decades ahead. Without question, they most commonly agree that hospitals will offer a more patient-friendly environment. Achieving that goal could take many forms, but it is expected to include the use of soothing colors, attractive landscaping, natural lighting, wayfinder lobbies and entrances, private rooms, quieter hallways and accommodations for family and friends. PMID:10119062

Mayer, D

1992-01-01

478

Influence of Deviant Friends on Delinquency: Searching for Moderator Variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three categories of potential moderators of the link between best friend's deviancy and boys' delinquency during early adolescence were investigated: personal (i.e., disruptiveneness profile during childhood, attitude toward delinquency), familial (i.e., parental monitoring, attachment to parents), and social (i.e., characteristics of other friends). Best friend's and other friends' deviancy were assessed during preadolescence through the use of peer ratings. Potential

Frank Vitaro; Mara Brendgen; Richard E. Tremblay

2000-01-01

479

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition: four years of progress.  

PubMed Central

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is a cooperative venture of 80 national voluntary, health professional, and governmental organizations committed to improving maternal and infant health through education. In the 4 years since its creation, the Coalition has grown in scope and size, established an Executive Secretariat, and begun activities directed at breastfeeding, substance use, injury prevention, genetics, oral health, adolescent pregnancy, and motivation of low-income women. National Coalition educational materials on these subjects are produced by representatives of the national organization members contributing time and their organization's resources. In addition, member organizations sponsor the publication of a quarterly newsletter and other coalition-building materials including an exhibit, slide-tape show, television production kit, and a community organization guide. Combined with State and community enthusiasm for the Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies concept, technical assistance from national members has led to the formation of coalitions in many States--more than 40 States have designated contacts with the national coalition. The State coalitions have undertaken a variety of campaigns; the achievements in 12 States are outlined. Of high priority during the next year will be support of these developing State coalitions through co-sponsorship of regional conferences. The national Coalition will also continue to recognize innovative programs through annual national achievement awards. The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is dedicated to continued development and promotion of educational programs for pregnant women, those planning a pregnancy, and their caregivers until 1990, in support of the health Objectives for the nation. Images p152-a p153-a p155-a PMID:3083469

Arkin, E B

1986-01-01

480

For Family and Friends: How Can I Help?  

MedlinePLUS

Fact Sheet - For Family and Friends: How Can I Help? What Can I Do? It is often difficult for family and friends to know what to do to help a ... say them. This uncertainty can cause family and friends to withdraw and distance themselves, leaving the patient ...

481

Environmental-friendly underwater acoustic communications and networks  

E-print Network

Environmental-friendly underwater acoustic communications and networks S.M. Jesus, LARSys and UAN.siplab.fct.ualg.pt September 14, 2012 S.M. Jesus, LARSys and UAN Environmental-friendly ucomms and networks #12;Motivation.M. Jesus, LARSys and UAN Environmental-friendly ucomms and networks #12;The environmental challenge (from

Jesus, Sérgio M.

482

FACOPT: a user friendly FACility layout OPTimization system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The facility layout problem is a well-researched one. However, few effective and user friendly approaches have been proposed. Since it is an NP hard problem, various optimization approaches for small problems and heuristic approaches for the larger problems have been proposed. For the most part the more effective algorithms are not user friendly. On the other hand, user-friendly methods have

Jaydeep Balakrishnan; Chun-Hung Cheng; Kam-fai Wong

2003-01-01

483

"Friending" Professors, Parents and Bosses: A Facebook Connection Conundrum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ever-growing popularity of Facebook has led some educators to ponder what role social networking might have in education. The authors examined student reactions to friend requests from people outside their regular network of friends including professors, parents, and employers. We found students have the most positive reactions to friend

Karl, Katherine A.; Peluchette, Joy V.

2011-01-01

484

FRIEND US ON FACEBOOK AT UH Homecoming 1 Page Document  

E-print Network

FRIEND US ON FACEBOOK AT UH Homecoming 1 Index Page Document 1....................... Index 2 Parade #12;FRIEND US ON FACEBOOK AT UH Homecoming 2 2012 Homecoming Spirit Cup Competition ­ Calendar Cougars v. Tulsa Hurricanes o Time: 4:00PM o Location: Robertson Stadium #12;FRIEND US ON FACEBOOK AT UH

Bittner, Eric R.

485

The Friends of the University Library Special Collections Endowment  

E-print Network

The Friends of the University Library Special Collections Endowment The Friends of the University Library has established The Friends of the University Library Special Collections Endowment Fund Special Collections Endowment Fund Office of University Development Kelly Hall ­ 7th Floor 500 West

Ward, Karen

486

How many girls will accept your friend request on Facebook?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this short note we try to find an approximate answer as to how many girls will accept your friend request sent on Facebook. We assume that the total friend requests sent is n and use basic statistics theory to find an approximate formula to the number of girls who will accept your friend request.

Manjil P. Saikia

487

Friending” Professors, Parents and Bosses: A Facebook Connection Conundrum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ever-growing popularity of Facebook has led some educators to ponder what role social networking might have in education. The authors examined student reactions to friend requests from people outside their regular network of friends including professors, parents, and employers. We found students have the most positive reactions to friend requests from their mother or boss. Possible educational uses for

Katherine A. Karl; Joy V. Peluchette

2011-01-01

488

The Role of Competence in Children's Creation of Imaginary Friends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The function of children's imaginary friends was investigated from the perspective of perceived competence. Teachers judged children with imaginary friends to be less competent and socially accepted by peers than other children. Children's descriptions of themselves and their imaginary friends revealed significant gender differences in the types…

Harter, Susan; Chao, Christine

1992-01-01

489

Figure 1: Photoshop with Friends is a Facebook application  

E-print Network

Figure 1: Photoshop with Friends is a Facebook application for Photoshop users where learners can exchange just-in-time help. Photoshop with Friends: A Synchronous Learning Community for Graphic Design 94103 mirad@adobe.com Submitted for review to CSCW 2012 Demo. Abstract Photoshop with Friends

490

Figure 1: Photoshop with Friends is a Facebook application  

E-print Network

Figure 1: Photoshop with Friends is a Facebook application for Photoshop users where learners can exchange just-in-time help. Photoshop with Friends: A Synchronous Learning Community for Graphic Design, Washington, USA. ACM 978-1-4503-0556-3/12/02. Abstract Photoshop with Friends is an online community

Gajos, Krzysztof

491

Associations between friends' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors  

PubMed Central

Dieting, unhealthy weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors are common among adolescents: friends are a probable source of influence on these behaviors. The present study uses data provided by nominated friends to examine associations between friends' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors and participants' own behaviors in a diverse sample of American youth. Male and female adolescents (mean age = 14.4) completed surveys and identified their friends from a class roster; friends' survey data were then linked to each participant. Participants (N = 2126) who had at least one nominated friend were included in the analytic sample. Independent variables were created using the same weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors reported by nominated friends, and were used in logistic regression models to test associations between participants' and their friends' behaviors, stratified by gender. Results indicated that dieting, disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors were common in this sample, and selected friends' behaviors were associated with the same behaviors in participants. For example, girls whose friends reported extreme weight control behaviors had significantly greater odds of using these behaviors than girls whose friends did not report these same behaviors (OR = 2.39). This research suggests that friends' weight- and shape-related behaviors are a feature of social relationships, and is the first report demonstrating these associations for muscle-enhancing behaviors. Capitalizing on the social element may be important to the development of increasingly effective intervention and prevention programs. PMID:23010337

Eisenberg, Marla E.; Wall, Melanie; Shim, Jin Joo; Bruening, Meg; Loth, Katie; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2012-01-01

492

Phobic reactions of mothers to their own babies.  

PubMed

A systematic review was carried out of all patients admitted to a specialised mother-baby unit who had significant phobic avoidance of their own infants. Demographic and diagnostic information on this group showed phobic avoidance to be common and associated with a range of psychiatric illnesses. There was a trend towards association with relatively prolonged admission. The relationship of such avoidance to attachment behaviour from mother to child is discussed. It is recommended that phobic symptoms warrant early recognition and treatment in their own right, simultaneously with treatment of the major illness. PMID:1476529

Sved-Williams, A E

1992-12-01

493

The Case of the Crying Baby Surgical vs. Medical Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The parents of a six-week-old baby girl know there is something seriously wrong with their child, but it takes a number of frustrating visits to the pediatrician before they finally get a correct diagnosis. Once they do, the parents must decide whether they want to seek a surgical solution or rely on a course of medical treatment for their daughter. Best suited for classes in pharmacology, nursing, or medicine, this case could also be used in a basic biology or anatomy course.

Mergenhagen, Kari A.

2003-01-01

494

Selecting the Perfect Baby The Ethics of "Embryo Design"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter Molly was born with a rare genetic disorder, Fanconi anemia. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby’s umbilical cord blood. Students learn about developmental disorders and consider the ethical issues of genetic manipulation and fertility treatments. Although the case was written for beginning developmental psychology students, the issues raised involving genetic manipulation, advances in medical technology, and scientific ethics would be relevant in many other science courses.

Omarzu, Julia

2002-01-01

495

You've Come a Long Way, Baby, but...  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online library system is an example of a complex computer system in that it supports a variety of users, both patrons and staff, and is made up of many intricate programs with complex relationships among them. Certain features are essential to a user friendly system: (1) users cannot get lost in the system; (2) users cannot enter illegal…

Fayen, Emily Gallup

496

Social anxiety and discomfort with friendly giving.  

PubMed

Individuals higher in social anxiety report more impaired friendship quality, which past research suggests may stem from constrained warmth. We examined three motivations for constrained warmth in friendships and determined how these motivations related to social anxiety and friendship impairment. To do so, we assessed the psychometric properties of the Favor Scale (FS), which measures an individual's response to friendly giving. Results indicated that the FS has three subscales: negative reactions to favors (NEG), positive reactions to favors (POS), and expectation of tit-for-tat behavior (E-TFT). Structural equation modeling demonstrated that social anxiety related directly to NEG, and indirectly to POS and E-TFT through NEG. POS related directly to friendship quality, indicating that friendships may be impaired in social anxiety disorder due to the cumulative effects of responding negatively to friendly behavior. PMID:21111570

Fernandez, Katya C; Rodebaugh, Thomas L

2011-04-01

497

From Family to Friends: Does Witnessing Interparental Violence Affect Young Adults' Relationships with Friends?  

PubMed Central

Purpose Childhood exposure to violence in one’s family of origin has been closely linked to subsequent perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence. There is, however, little research on the relationship between witnessing violence and subsequent peer violence. This study investigates the effects of witnessing interparental violence among Filipino young adults on their use and experience of psychological aggression with friends. Methods The data source for this study was the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. Recent perpetration and victimization of friend psychological aggression among young adults ages 21–22 years was assessed through self-reports from the 2005 survey, and witnessing interparental violence during childhood was assessed through self-reports from the 2002 survey. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the effects of witnessing interparental violence on subsequent use and experience of friend psychological aggression. Analyses were stratified by gender. Results About 13% of females and 4% of males perpetrated psychological aggression towards close friends, and about 4% of females and males were victims. Fourteen percent of females and 3% of males experienced bidirectional psychological aggression. About 44% of females and 47% of males had, during childhood, witnessed their parents physically hurt one another. Witnessing maternal and reciprocal interparental violence during childhood significantly predicted bidirectional friend psychological aggression among males. Among females, witnessing interparental violence did not significantly predict involvement with friend psychological aggression. Conclusions Violence prevention programs should consider using family-centered interventions, and apply a gendered lens to their application. Further research on gender differences in friend aggression is recommended. PMID:23697789

Mandal, Mahua; Hindin, Michelle J.

2013-01-01

498

OPC-Friendly Bus Driven Floorplanning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we address the interconnect-driven floorplan ning prob- lem that integrates OPC-friendly bus assignment with floorp lan- ning. Buses consist of a number of horizontal\\/vertical wires with identical widths. The positions of buses must be carefully designed so that the related blocks can connect to the buses with short con- nections. Meanwhile, as technologies march into deep sub-micron,

Hua Xiang; Liang Deng; Li-da Huang; Martin D. F. Wong

2007-01-01

499

CAD Instructor Designs Eco-Friendly Shed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dissatisfied with the options offered by big box stores--and wanting to save some money and go as green as possible--the author puts his design and construction skills to good use. In this article, he shares how he designed and built an eco-friendly shed. He says he is very pleased with the results of working with his own design, reducing waste,…

Schwendau, Mark

2013-01-01

500

Complex Value Systems in Friendly AI  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A common reaction to first encountering the problem statement of Friendly AI (”Ensure that the creation of a generally intelligent,\\u000a self-improving, eventually superintelligent system realizes a positive outcome”) is to propose a simple design which allegedly\\u000a suffices; or to reject the problem by replying that ”constraining” our creations is undesirable or unnecessary. This paper\\u000a briefly presents some of the reasoning

Eliezer Yudkowsky