Sample records for baby friendly hospital

  1. Few Canadian hospitals qualify for "Baby Friendly" designation by promoting breast-feeding: survey.

    PubMed Central

    Dunlop, M

    1995-01-01

    Only five Canadian hospitals meet requirements for promoting breast-feeding as set out by the World Health Organization and qualify to receive the international "Baby Friendly" designation, a national survey has determined. Results from the survey of 523 hospitals were released at a Toronto conference. Images p89-a PMID:7804924

  2. Is baby-friendly breastfeeding support in maternity hospitals associated with breastfeeding satisfaction among Japanese mothers?

    PubMed

    Hongo, Hiroko; Nanishi, Keiko; Shibanuma, Akira; Jimba, Masamine

    2015-06-01

    While the World Health Organization's Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative has increased breastfeeding duration and exclusivity, a survey found that only 8.5 % of maternity hospitals in 31 developed countries could be designated baby-friendly. Baby-friendly breastfeeding support is sometimes criticized as mother unfriendly. This study examined whether baby-friendly breastfeeding support was associated with breastfeeding satisfaction, duration, and exclusivity among Japanese mothers. In this cross-sectional study, 601 breastfeeding Japanese mothers completed questionnaires at their infants' 4-month health checkups at two wards in Yokohama, Japan; 363 were included in the analysis. Baby-friendly breastfeeding support was measured based on the WHO's "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding." We measured satisfaction using two subscales of the Japanese version of the Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale. The association of baby-friendly support with maternal satisfaction was assessed using multiple linear regression, while the prevalence ratios (PRs) for breastfeeding were estimated using Poisson regression. Mothers were stratified by prepartum exclusive breastfeeding intention (yes, n = 256; no, n = 107). Mothers who experienced early skin-to-skin contact with their infants were more likely to report breastfeeding satisfaction than those who did not. Among mothers without exclusive breastfeeding intention, those who were encouraged to feed on demand were more likely to be breastfeeding without formula at 1 month (PR 2.66 [95 % CI 1.32, 5.36]) and to perceive breastfeeding as beneficial for their baby (regression coefficient = 3.14 [95 % CI 0.11, 6.17]) than those who were not so encouraged. Breastfeeding satisfaction was a useful measure of breastfeeding outcome. Early skin-to-skin contact and encouragement to feed on demand in the hospital facilitate breastfeeding satisfaction. PMID:25366103

  3. Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: evaluation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding

    PubMed Central

    Lopes, Soraia da Silva; Laignier, Mariana Rabello; Primo, Cândida Caniçali; Leite, Franciéle Marabotti C.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To asses the performance of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an university hospital. METHODS: Descriptive and quantitative research, in which 103 people were interviewed in the outpatient prenatal clinic, in the maternity-ward and in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Vitória, Southeast Brazil. The "Institutional Self-Evaluation Questionnaire" of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative was applied. Using this tool, the outcome was measured by the concordance index (CI) proposed by the World Health Organization and by the United Nations Children's Fund. RESULTS: Although the hospital does not have a policy that addresses promotion, protection and support for breastfeeding, 93.3% of the mothers had contact with their babies immediately after birth (step 4), 83.3% of the professionals guided mothers how to breastfeed (step 5), 86.6% of the neonates did not receive any food or drink other than breast milk (step 6), 100% of babies were housed together with their mothers (step 7), 83.3% of the women were encouraged for breastfeeding on demand (step 8) and 100% of the infants did not use bottles or pacifiers (step 9). CONCLUSIONS: 60% of the steps were completed by the hospital. The greatest difficulty was to inform pregnant women about the importance and the management of breastfeeding (step 3). Therefore, visits to pregnant women are recommended, in order to prepare them for breastfeeding and to explain about the infants' healthy feeding habits. PMID:24473954

  4. The Baby-Friendly Initiative: Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding

    PubMed Central

    Pound, Catherine M; Unger, Sharon L

    2012-01-01

    Breastfeeding confers extensive and well-established benefits and is recognized as an extremely effective preventative health measure for both mothers and babies. Except in very few specific medical situations, breastfeeding should be universally encouraged for all mothers and infants. To improve worldwide breastfeeding initiation and duration rates, the WHO and UNICEF launched the Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) in 1991. The goal was to protect, promote and support breastfeeding by adherence to the WHO’s “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”. Since then, more than 20,000 hospitals in 156 countries have achieved Baby-Friendly status, with a resultant increase in both breastfeeding initiation and duration. Still, only 500 hospitals are currently designated Baby-Friendly in industrialized countries, including 37 health centres or health authorities in Canada. Health care practitioners have a unique and influential role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding. Provincial and territorial government leadership is essential to ensuring implementation of the BFI in all health care facilities delivering services to families with young children. PMID:23730170

  5. Being baby friendly: evidence-based breastfeeding support.

    PubMed

    Cleminson, J; Oddie, S; Renfrew, M J; McGuire, W

    2015-03-01

    Breast feeding improves important outcomes for mothers and infants. In the UK, breastfeeding rates have historically been low, particularly among socially disadvantaged young women. Although there have been gradual increases in breastfeeding initiation rates since 2000, rates of exclusive breast feeding and continuation until 6?months remain lower than those in similar countries. This review summarises the evidence for effective and cost-effective strategies to help women, particularly those in low income groups, make informed choices, overcome barriers and establish and maintain breast feeding. We describe the development and impact of the Unicef Baby Friendly Initiative, and the roles and responsibilities, and challenges and opportunities that clinicians have in promoting breast feeding and maintaining a baby-friendly culture and environment. PMID:25293712

  6. Baby 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take... care of them If you ta I k to baby he will learn to make sounds When baby coos and blows bubbles he is learning to talk You he I p if you make soft sounds back at him When baby talks to y make the sounds he makes Talk back to him Call...

  7. Towards age-friendly hospitals and health services.

    PubMed

    Chiou, Shu-Ti; Chen, Liang-Kung

    2009-12-01

    In this paper, we reviewed rationale for an age-friendly hospital (or health service) and propose our framework in detail. In a rapidly aging society, development of policies and programs to optimize people's wellbeing and function as they age is an urgent issue. Most older persons extensively use health care. Unfortunately, current practices are unfriendly and may even add risks to the older person. Health-promotion interventions delivered in clinical settings and management of admissions have been shown to be associated with better outcomes. We developed Taiwan's Framework of Age-Friendly Hospitals to address the responsibility of health-care organizations and provide systematic guidance on hospital management policy, communication and services, physical environments, and care processes. This framework takes a life-course perspective and population approach and includes evaluation and quality improvement as an integral part of an age-friendly initiative. The diffusion and adaptation of age-friendly practices in hospitals can be monitored and its impact evaluated in the future. PMID:20005423

  8. Low-birth-weight babies among hospital deliveries in Nepal: a hospital-based study

    PubMed Central

    Koirala, Arun K; Bhatta, Dharma N

    2015-01-01

    Background Birth weight is an important indicator of a population’s health and is associated with numerous interrelated factors in the infant, mother, and physical environment. The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of low birth weight and identify the associated factors for low birth weight in a liveborn infant among the women in Morang, Nepal. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out from December 2010 to March 2011 among 255 mothers who gave birth during the study period at the Koshi Zonal Hospital, Nepal. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire with face-to-face interviews. Data were analyzed through logistic regression and presented with crude and adjusted odds ratios (AORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results The study showed that the prevalence of low-birth-weight babies was 23.1% (95% CI: 17.9–28.1). The mean (standard deviation) age of mothers was 23.23 (4.18) years. The proportion of low birth weight of previous baby was 3.9% (95% CI: 0.1–7.9), and 15.7% (95% CI: 11.5–20.5) of the respondents had preterm delivery. Nearly one-third (36.1%; 95% CI: 26.4–45.6) of the respondents had >2 years’ gap after the previous delivery. Nonformal employment (AOR: 2.14; 95% CI: 0.523–8.74), vegetarian diet (AOR: 1.47; 95% CI: 0.23–9.36), and no rest during pregnancy (AOR: 1.38; 95% CI: 0.41–4.39) were factors more likely to determine low birth weight. However, none of the variables showed a significant association between low birth weight and other dependent variables. Conclusion Low birth weight is an important factor for perinatal morbidity and mortality and is a common problem in the developing world. The proportion of low-birth-weight babies was high in hospital delivery, and ethnicities, Hindu religion, education, nonformal employment, food habit, rest during pregnancy, and type of delivery were found to influence the birth weight. Hence, it is important to strengthen health education services at the basic level of a community to solve this problem. PMID:26089703

  9. The Loneliest Babies: Foster Care in the Hospital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dicker, Sheryl

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses an ignored problem--the plight of infants and toddlers in foster care who find themselves hospitalized. A majority of the children in foster care will be hospitalized for medical treatment while in foster care because they are more likely to have serious medical problems or developmental disabilities than their age peers.…

  10. [The family-friendly hospital: (how) does it work?].

    PubMed

    Heller, A R; Heller, S C

    2009-06-01

    The demographic development in Germany is heading towards a significant shortage in specialists within the next 10-15 years with an increased demand for health services at the same time. The three-stage model of family life planning (work, family phase, return) will also be gradually replaced by a model of simultaneous compatibility of family and work. This change in values, although initiated by the parents themselves, may turn out to be a crucial countermeasure in national economy against the demography-related loss of qualified personnel. For these three trends the economic need arises to minimize family-related absence of our well-trained, motivated and reliable doctors from the clinical departments through implementation of family-friendly human resources policies and supporting measures by the employers. In a representative survey 26% of respondents with children had in the past already changed their workplace to ensure a better match of work and family duties. In this regard the compatibility of family and professional responsibilities had a higher impact on the selection of the employer than a high income. Accordingly, a work-life competence oriented business plan will represent the crucial factor within the competition between universities, hospitals and professional disciplines to attract high potential bearers although a sustained change of the traditional hospital culture is mandatory. Anaesthesia-related fields of development regarding family-friendly corporate governance are working hours and organization of work, part-time jobs even for managers and fathers, and staff development. In the hospital daily routine, in particular, creative solutions meeting the local demands are deemed necessary that do not involve the use of high financial resources. Family-friendly personnel policy not only arises from altruistic enthusiasm but also pays off economically. This article discusses the necessity, opportunities and threads of family-oriented hospital management and fields of action for anaesthesia departments. PMID:19484192

  11. Age-Related Incidence Curve of Hospitalized Shaken Baby Syndrome Cases: Convergent Evidence for Crying as a Trigger to Shaking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Ronald G.; Trent, Roger B.; Cross, Julie

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To determine whether there is an age-specific incidence of hospitalized cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) that has similar properties to the previously reported ''normal crying curve,'' as a form of indirect evidence that crying is an important stimulus for SBS. Design and setting: The study analyzed cases of Shaken Baby Syndrome by…

  12. Crying babies, tired mothers - challenges of the postnatal hospital stay: an interpretive phenomenological study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background According to an old Swiss proverb, "a new mother lazing in childbed is a blessing to her family". Today mothers rarely enjoy restful days after birth, but enter directly into the challenge of combining baby- and self-care. They often face a combination of infant crying and personal tiredness. Yet, routine postnatal care often lacks effective strategies to alleviate these challenges which can adversely affect family health. We explored how new mothers experience and handle postnatal infant crying and their own tiredness in the context of changing hospital care practices in Switzerland. Methods Purposeful sampling was used to enroll 15 mothers of diverse parity and educational backgrounds, all of who had given birth to a full term healthy neonate. Using interpretive phenomenology, we analyzed interview and participant observation data collected during the postnatal hospital stay and at 6 and 12 weeks post birth. This paper reports on the postnatal hospital experience. Results Women's personal beliefs about beneficial childcare practices shaped how they cared for their newborn's and their own needs during the early postnatal period in the hospital. These beliefs ranged from an infant-centered approach focused on the infant's development of a basic sense of trust to an approach that balanced the infants' demands with the mother's personal needs. Getting adequate rest was particularly difficult for mothers striving to provide infant-centered care for an unsettled neonate. These mothers suffered from sleep deprivation and severe tiredness unless they were able to leave the baby with health professionals for several hours during the night. Conclusion New mothers often need permission to attend to their own needs, as well as practical support with childcare to recover from birth especially when neonates are fussy. To strengthen family health from the earliest stage, postnatal care should establish conditions which enable new mothers to balance the care of their infant with their own needs. PMID:20462462

  13. Older people’s perspectives on an elderly-friendly hospital environment: an exploratory study

    PubMed Central

    Karki, Sushmita; Bhatta, Dharma Nand; Aryal, Umesh Raj

    2015-01-01

    Background Many older people are vulnerable with multiple health problems and need of extensive care and support for quality of life. The main objective of this study was to explore the older people’s perspectives on an “elderly-friendlyhospital. Methods Hospital was stratified by four domains including government, semi-government, community, and private. We interviewed 33 hospitalized older patients and four hospital managers between June and December 2014 in Kathmandu, Nepal, using purposive sampling technique. We executed a qualitative content analysis step with extensive review of the interviews. Final name of the theme was given after the agreement between the research team and experts to improve trustworthiness. Elderly-friendly services, expectation from government and hospital, and health policy related to senior citizen were developed as main themes. Results Most of the participants were satisfied with the behavior of health personnel. However, none of the health personnel were trained with geriatric health care. Elderly-friendly hospital guidelines and policy were not developed by any hospitals. Older people health card, advocacy for older people’s health and benefit, and hospital environment were the common expectations of older patients. Government policy and budget constraint were the main obstacles to promote elderly-friendly health care services. Conclusion Elderly-related health policies, physical environments of hospital, elderly-friendly health manpower, advocacy, and other facilities and benefits should be improved and developed. There are urgent needs to develop elderly-friendly hospital policies and guidelines that focus on older people’s health benefits and friendly services.

  14. Development of a baby friendly non-contact method for measuring vital signs: First results of clinical measurements in an open incubator at a neonatal intensive care unit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klaessens, John H.; van den Born, Marlies; van der Veen, Albert; Sikkens-van de Kraats, Janine; van den Dungen, Frank A.; Verdaasdonk, Rudolf M.

    2014-02-01

    For infants and neonates in an incubator vital signs, such as heart rate, breathing, skin temperature and blood oxygen saturation are measured by sensors and electrodes sticking to the skin. This can damage the vulnerable skin of neonates and cause infections. In addition, the wires interfere with the care and hinder the parents in holding and touching the baby. These problems initiated the search for baby friendly 'non-contact' measurement of vital signs. Using a sensitive color video camera and specially developed software, the heart rate was derived from subtle repetitive color changes. Potentially also respiration and oxygen saturation could be obtained. A thermal camera was used to monitor the temperature distribution of the whole body and detect small temperature variations around the nose revealing the respiration rate. After testing in the laboratory, seven babies were monitored (with parental consent) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) simultaneously with the regular monitoring equipment. From the color video recordings accurate heart rates could be derived and the thermal images provided accurate respiration rates. To correct for the movements of the baby, tracking software could be applied. At present, the image processing was performed off-line. Using narrow band light sources also non-contact blood oxygen saturation could be measured. Non-contact monitoring of vital signs has proven to be feasible and can be developed into a real time system. Besides the application on the NICU non-contact vital function monitoring has large potential for other patient groups.

  15. [Constructing a breastfeeding-friendly workplace: demonstration from hospital].

    PubMed

    Gau, Meei-Ling; Kuo, Su-Chen; Wu, Shiang-Feng

    2005-06-01

    To breastfeed is a right of women and infants. However, breastfeeding is viewed as a " Private domain" rather than as a "public domain" issue. Many people therefore think that it is unnecessary to use public policy to solve problems associated with breastfeeding. Nurses, due to heavy work loads and responsibilities, and shift rotation, have to face many difficulties when they combine breastfeeding and work. Since the question of whether nurses may successfully breastfeed their offspring in the workplace is one of particular significance, this article considers the importance of breastfeeding in the workplace and nurses experiences thereof, and the international criteria for a friendly breastfeeding workplace for women, in order to discuss ways in which Taiwan's health care institutions should create breastfeeding-friendly environment. PMID:15986297

  16. Creating a positive work environment: implementation of the nurse-friendly hospital criteria.

    PubMed

    Meraviglia, Martha; Grobe, Susan J; Tabone, Stephanie; Wainwright, Mary; Shelton, Steve; Miner, Helen; Jordan, Clair

    2009-02-01

    The nursing shortage is negatively affecting the quality, effectiveness, and timeliness of patient care, which warrants a transformation of the nursing work environment. The Nurse-Friendly (NF) Hospital Project assisted 30 rural or small hospitals implement 12 NF criteria into hospital policies to create a positive work environment. The NF criteria represent organizational attributes necessary for ensuring quality patient care, positive work environment, professional development, and nurse satisfaction. The authors discuss nurses' perception of presence of NF criteria before and after they were incorporated at each hospital and the implementation outcomes. PMID:19190422

  17. A system-wide analysis using a senior-friendly hospital framework identifies current practices and opportunities for improvement in the care of hospitalized older adults.

    PubMed

    Wong, Ken S; Ryan, David P; Liu, Barbara A

    2014-11-01

    Older adults are vulnerable to hospital-associated complications such as falls, pressure ulcers, functional decline, and delirium, which can contribute to prolonged hospital stay, readmission, and nursing home placement. These vulnerabilities are exacerbated when the hospital's practices, services, and physical environment are not sufficiently mindful of the complex, multidimensional needs of frail individuals. Several frameworks have emerged to help hospitals examine how organization-wide processes can be customized to avoid these complications. This article describes the application of one such framework-the Senior-Friendly Hospital (SFH) framework adopted in Ontario, Canada-which comprises five interrelated domains: organizational support, processes of care, emotional and behavioral environment, ethics in clinical care and research, and physical environment. This framework provided the blueprint for a self-assessment of all 155 adult hospitals across the province of Ontario. The system-wide analysis identified practice gaps and promising practices within each domain of the SFH framework. Taken together, these results informed 12 recommendations to support hospitals at all stages of development in becoming friendly to older adults. Priorities for system-wide action were identified, encouraging hospitals to implement or further develop their processes to better address hospital-acquired delirium and functional decline. These recommendations led to collaborative action across the province, including the development of an online toolkit and the identification of accountability indicators to support hospitals in quality improvement focusing on senior-friendly care. PMID:25355067

  18. Towards Age-Friendly Hospitals in Developing Countries: A Case Study in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Ahmadi, Ahmad; Seyedin, Hesam; Fadaye-Vatan, Reza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Developing countries such as Iran are experiencing a growth in the elderly population. This is a challenge for healthcare providers and their families. This study investigated the extent in which hospitals at Tehran meet the criteria of age-friendly hospitals. Methods: In this descriptive study, using convenience sampling, 26 hospitals were selected in Tehran, the capital city of Iran. The instrument was a checklist included 50 items in the three dimensions of information and training of service providers, management systems in health care centers, physical environment and accessibility of hospitals. Results: Most hospitals were in a good condition regarding physical environment and access to public transportation, but in a poor condition for special healthcare programs for the elderly, teaching principles of geriatrics and gerontology, interaction of medical staff, physicians and nurses with senior patients and systems of priority for them. Conclusion: Due to the growing elderly population, it is necessary for health policymakers, especially in developing countries, to consider seriously the issue of elderly healthcare and their need for special outpatient and inpatient services. PMID:26000245

  19. In the NICU: Your Family and Friends

    MedlinePLUS

    ... baby's care. Overview FAQ E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a ... been added to your dashboard . Your family and friends After your baby's arrival, some family members and ...

  20. A “Migrant Friendly Hospital” Initiative in Geneva, Switzerland: Evaluation of the Effects on Staff Knowledge and Practices

    PubMed Central

    Hudelson, Patricia; Dominice Dao, Melissa; Perneger, Thomas; Durieux-Paillard, Sophie

    2014-01-01

    Background International migration poses important challenges to European health care systems. The development of “migrant friendly hospitals” has been identified as a priority in both Europe and Switzerland. Methods A multi-pronged initiative was developed at Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) to improve staff knowledge and use of existing “migrant friendly” resources. A self-administered questionnaire was sent pre and post-intervention to random samples of 4 major professional groups with direct patient contact at the HUG. The questionnaire assessed staff knowledge, attitudes and reported practices regarding the care of migrant patients. Results Overall response rate was 51% (N?=?1460) in 2010 but only 19% (N?=?761) in 2013 owing to an institutionally imposed change in survey method. Despite these difficulties, and after adjusting for sample differences, we found that respondents in 2013 were significantly more likely to have received training in how to organize an appointment with an interpreter, how to work with an interpreter and about health and social services available for migrant patients. Respondents were also significantly more likely to have used several Migrant Friendly structures at the HUG. Use of, preference for and perceived skill at working with professional interpreters all improved, and respondents were both more likely to be encouraged by their supervisors to use professional interpreters, and less likely to be encouraged to look for alternative solutions for communicating with non francophone patients. Finally, 2013 respondents encountered fewer difficulties caring for migrant patients, although lack of time and language barriers continued to be the most important sources of difficulty. Conclusion Our results suggest that an institution-wide information campaign may contribute to increased awareness and use of migrant friendly resources by clinical staff. Hospital commitment and financing, along with inter-departmental participation in all activities were important in creating and maintaining project visibility, and in contributing to a migrant friendly institutional culture. PMID:25198063

  1. Premature Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    Each year, nearly 500,000 babies are premature, or preemies. That's 1 of every 8 infants born in the United States. A premature birth is when a baby is born before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. ...

  2. Babies and diarrhea

    MedlinePLUS

    Diarrhea and babies ... be difficult to tell when your baby has diarrhea. Most babies have a stool pattern that is ... following to help decide whether your baby has diarrhea: A sudden increase in how often your baby ...

  3. Losing Baby Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... after baby > Losing baby weight Your body after baby Your body changes a lot after having a ... page It's been added to your dashboard . Losing baby weight You've carried your baby for several ...

  4. baby knitting patterns baby patterns from knittingdaily

    E-print Network

    #12;2222222 1 baby knitting patterns 7 free baby patterns from knittingdaily: 1 Vine Lace Baby Hat Sandi Wiseheart 2 Baby's First Sock Ann Budd 3 Knitted Cuddlies Louisa Harding 4 Star Light, Star Bright Baby Blanket Anna Dillenberg Rachap 5 Barnyard Booties Sue Flanders 6 Origami Baby Kimono Bonnie Franz

  5. Another Baby?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kicks Count! New Moms & Dads Tips Bedtime Basics Baby Products Grieving Families Programs Get Involved Legacy Program First Birthday Parties Events Blog Buy From Our Store Blog About Grieving Families Surviving ...

  6. Baby Tales

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Science NetLinks (PBS; )

    2008-04-29

    This site helps students learn about the conception and development of various baby animals. Users can click on "breeding" to get some basic information about the different factors that determine the breeding period. They can then click on the breeding calendar and maneuver through all the months with the orange arrows on each side. The calendar has various animals listed in their correct breeding time. Students can click on an animal to bring up information on that animal's breeding season, number of babies in a litter, and weaning time. Next, students can click on "gestation" to receive some basic information about the development of the baby. They can then click on the gestation graph to see how long each baby takes to develop from conception to birth. Again, students will navigate through this graph using the arrows on each side of the graph.

  7. Breast is best for babies.

    PubMed Central

    Leung, Alexander K. C.; Sauve, Reginald S.

    2005-01-01

    Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding. PMID:16080672

  8. Baby Steps to Better Care: One Hospital's Story of Success in Health Care Improvement for Newborns and Their Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minear, Susan; Pedulla, Mary Jo; Philipp, Barbara L.

    2009-01-01

    Multidisciplinary support for families of newborns is critical for their health and safety. This article describes three programs at one urban hospital which were implemented to (a) improve breastfeeding support, (b) enhance practitioners' observation and communication skills, and (c) provide a comprehensive social response to the urgent…

  9. Your Growing Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Newborn screening Your baby right after birth Baby gear New Dads Caring for your baby Baby Care ... Make jerky, quivering arm movements Bring hands near face Keep hands in tight fists Move head from ...

  10. Breastfeeding Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    How does breastfeeding benefit my baby? Breastfeeding benefits your baby in the following ways: • Breast milk provides the perfect mix of ... health problems that preterm babies face. How does breastfeeding my baby benefit me? Breastfeeding is good for ...

  11. Gender Issues in Parenting Cleft Lip and Palate Babies in Southern Nigeria: A Study of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Umweni, A. A.; Okeigbemen, S. A.

    2009-01-01

    There is a scarcity of studies on gender issues in parenting cleft lip and palate (CLAP) babies. The birth of a CLAP child presents an immediate visible handicap that is distressing to parents. The aims and objectives of this study are to determine the influence of gender on the attitude of parents on the birth of CLAP babies, to articulate the…

  12. Hospitalization-based treatment for postpartum depressed mothers and their babies: rationale, principles, and preliminary follow-up data.

    PubMed

    Vliegen, Nicole; Casalin, Sara; Luyten, Patrick; Docx, Ria; Lenaerts, Marijs; Tang, Eileen; Kempke, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the rationale and treatment principles of a mother-infant unit for severely depressed mothers and their infants in Flanders (Belgium). The unit integrates systemic, psychodynamic, and cognitive behavioral treatment approaches, and aims at improvements on three levels: (1) improving mood and interpersonal relationships in depressed mothers, (2) fostering a positive mother infant relationship, and (3) establishing a supportive environment outside the treatment setting for both mother and infant. In addition, we present preliminary data of a 3.5-year naturalistic follow-up study of postpartum depressed mothers (n = 41) admitted at this mother-infant unit between April 2003 and April 2005. Results showed that at 3.5-year follow-up a considerable subgroup of mothers (61%) were functioning relatively well, as indicated by low levels of depressive symptoms, anxiety and anger, negative affect, and relatively high levels of positive affect. Yet, in line with other studies, a relatively large subgroup of mothers (39%) continued to suffer from (severe) depression during follow-up. Using a Life History Calendar method, it was found that, compared to currently nondepressed mothers, mothers who were depressed at follow-up did not have more depressive episodes but had longer depressive episodes, received more psychotherapy after hospitalization, and experienced more negative life events during the 3.5-year follow-up period. Implications of these findings for future research and intervention strategies in postpartum depression are discussed. PMID:23631545

  13. Babies Need Tummy Time

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Head FAQs Myths and Facts Babies Need Tummy Time! Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... of your baby’s normal growth. What Is Tummy Time? Tummy Time describes the times when you place ...

  14. Diapering Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... prefold diapers) a container of warm water and cotton balls (for babies with sensitive skin) or a ... ability to roll. Wiping Using the wet washcloth, cotton balls, or baby wipes, gently wipe your baby ...

  15. Burping Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Burping Your Baby KidsHealth > Parents > Pregnancy & Newborn Center > Newborn Care > Burping ... up, crankiness, and gassiness. How to Burp Your Baby When burping your baby, repeated gentle patting on ...

  16. Babies and heat rashes

    MedlinePLUS

    Heat rashes and babies; Prickly heat rash; Red miliaria ... To avoid heat rash , keep your baby cool and dry during warm weather. Some helpful suggestions: During the hot season, dress your baby in lightweight, soft, cotton clothing. Cotton ...

  17. Making Babies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Irene Salter

    2012-04-09

    This activity is designed to introduce learners to genes, genotypes and simple inheritance patterns. In this activity, learners make guesses about their own genotype, create gametes from their genotypes, then make “babies” with a partner. Along the way, learners discover answers to the questions such as: What are genes? How are genes (and traits) passed on? How are gametes different than other cells in our body? Why don’t siblings look alike? This activity is designed to be used in conjunction with the "Human Traits" activity from the same resource but can be used alone.

  18. MEMS FRIENDS MEMS FRIENDS

    E-print Network

    Banaji,. Murad

    MEMS FRIENDS #12;2 MEMS FRIENDS The Centre for Medieval and Early Modern Studies at the University of Kent is a friendly place and it would like to have even more friends. Why not join us? About MEMS.l.taylor@kent.ac.uk or complete and return the attached form. Mary Berg Patron of the Friends www.kent.ac.uk/mems Mary Berg #12

  19. JSW's baby cyclotron

    SciTech Connect

    Toda, Y.; Kaneda, Y.; Satoh, Y.; Suzukawa, I.; Yamada, T.

    1983-04-01

    Designed by The Japan Steel Works, Ltd., specially for installation in a hospital's medical department and nuclear research laboratory, '' JSW BABY CYCLOTRON '' has been developed to produce short-lived radioisotopes such as 11C, 13N, 15O and 18F. JSW's Baby Cyclotron has some design features. 1) Fixed energy and four sector azimuthally varying field. 2) Compact figure desired for hospital's nuclear medical department 3) A bitter type magnet yoke shielding activity 4) Simple control and operation 5) Easy maintenance without skilled personnel. Type BC105 (P:10MeV, d:5MeV), BC107 (P:10MeV, d:7MeV), BC168 (P:16MeV, d:8MeV) and BC1710 (P:17MeV, d:10MeV) are available according to required amount of radioisotopes. In our radioisotope production test, yield and purity of 11C, 13N, 15O and 18F are usable to clinical diagnosis.

  20. Measuring newborn foot length to identify small babies in need of extra care: a cross sectional hospital based study with community follow-up in Tanzania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanya Marchant; Jennie Jaribu; Suzanne Penfold; Marcel Tanner; Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality because of low birth weight or prematurity remains high in many developing country settings. This research aimed to estimate the sensitivity and specificity, and the positive and negative predictive values of newborn foot length to identify babies who are low birth weight or premature and in need of extra care in a rural African setting. METHODS: A

  1. Spitting Up in Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    MENU Return to Web version Spitting Up in Babies Why do babies spit up? Babies spit up when they've eaten too much or when they've swallowed too much air while feeding. Spitting up usually happens when babies burp. It can also ...

  2. BabyCenter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    BabyCenter, provided by BabyCenter, Inc., aims to be a clearinghouse of information for expectant or new parents. Users can consult the Baby Monitor (digests of late breaking news), an interactive baby namer, an Ask the Experts section, and several relevant calculators (including an immunization scheduler, a due date calculator, and a budgeting for baby estimator). The site also contains various short articles in six major areas including pregnancy, family life, and working parents.

  3. “DEMENTIA-FRIENDLY HOSPITALS: CARE NOT CRISIS” AN EDCUATIONAL PROGRAM DESIGNED TO IMPROVE THE CARE OF THE HOSPITALIZED PATIENT WITH DEMENTIA

    PubMed Central

    Galvin, James E.; Kuntemeier, Barbara; Al-Hammadi, Noor; Germino, Jessica; Murphy-White, Maggie; McGillick, Janis

    2010-01-01

    Background Approximately 3.2 million hospital stays annually involve a person with dementia, leading to higher costs, longer lengths of stay and poorer outcomes. Older adults with dementia are vulnerable when hospitals are unable to meet their special needs. Methods We developed, implemented and evaluated a training program for 540 individuals at 4 community hospitals. Pre-test, post-test and a 120-day delayed post-test were collected to assess knowledge, confidence and practice parameters. Results The mean age of the sample was 46y; 83% were Caucasian, 90% were female and 60% were nurses. Upon completion, there were significant gains (p’s <.001) in knowledge and confidence in recognizing, assessing and managing dementia. Attendees reported gains in communication skills and strategies to improve the hospital environment, patient safety and behavioral management. At 120 days, 3 of 4 hospitals demonstrated maintenance of confidence. In the hospital that demonstrated lower knowledge and confidence scores, the sample was older and had more nurses and more years in practice. Conclusion We demonstrate the feasibility of training hospital staff about dementia and its impact on patient outcomes. At baseline, there was low knowledge and confidence in the ability to care for dementia patients. Training had an immediate impact on knowledge, confidence and attitudes with lasting impact in 3 of 4 hospitals. We identified targets for intervention and the need for ongoing training and administrative reinforcement in order to sustain behavioral change. Community resources, such as local chapters of the Alzheimer’s Association, may be key community partners in improving care outcomes for hospitalized persons with dementia. PMID:20625267

  4. Caring for Your Premature Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Your baby's immunizations Immunizations (also called vaccines or shots) are given to premature babies at the same ... term babies. Your baby may need a flu shot when she or he reaches 6 months of ...

  5. Immunizations for Preterm Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... may decide to change the timetable for the hepatitis B vaccine, perhaps waiting to give it until the baby is a little older. Nevertheless, medically stable preterm babies weighing more than 2.2 ... to the recommended schedule. Last Updated ...

  6. How Your Baby Grows

    MedlinePLUS

    ... water or fruit juice. Eat more foods with fiber, like fruits and vegetables. You can still have sex, but stop if you feel pain or cramping. Month 7 Your baby Your baby can open and close her eyes and suck her thumb. Your baby kicks and ...

  7. The New Baby.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brain, Helen

    This book for beginning readers tells the story of a South African priest and his wife who are ashamed when their daughter tells them she is going to have a baby. They refuse to have anything to do with her when she is pregnant. However, when the baby comes, everything changes and they come to accept and love the baby. Large black and white…

  8. PretermVery Low-BirthWeight Babies: Outcome of Admitted Newborns atA Community-Level Medical College Hospital in Bangladesh

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ASMNU AHMED; MA ROB; F RAHMAN; R RAHMAN; N HUDA

    2008-01-01

    Summary: Very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality, mainly due to infections and complications of prematurity. The present article is a descriptive analysis of the most common reasons for hospital admission of VLBW infants, morbidity during hospital stay, and their immediate outcomeatacommunitylevelmedicalcollegehospitalin Bangladesh. Sixty VLBW neonates (< 1,500 grams weight),37malesand23females,<72hoursofagewere enrolled prospectively

  9. Welcoming a new baby into the family is certainly exciting, but it can also be very stressful--especially for the littlest member of your family. Ease the transition for your child by attending one of The Medical

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    DayCamps Welcoming a new baby into the family is certainly exciting, but it can also be very by attending one of The Medical Center of Plano's special camps designed for expectant siblings. New Baby Day: What a new baby looks like How to become a "big helper" How to make friends with the new baby Tour

  10. Using Blood Tests to Identify Babies and Criminals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jennifer Doherty

    Students learn the genetics and immunobiology of the ABO blood type system, using simple chemicals and logical reasoning to solve a murder mystery and to determine whether two babies were switched in the hospital.

  11. Noncommutative Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Theodora Ioannidou; Olaf Lechtenfeld

    2009-06-29

    We subject the baby Skyrme model to a Moyal deformation, for unitary or Grassmannian target spaces and without a potential term. In the abelian case, the radial BPS configurations of the ordinary noncommutative sigma model also solve the baby Skyrme equation of motion. This gives a class of exact analytic noncommutative baby Skyrmions, which have a singular commutative limit but are stable against scaling due to the noncommutativity. We compute their energies, investigate their stability and determine the asymptotic two-Skyrmion interaction.

  12. False friends

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pedro J. Chamizo Dom??nguez; Brigitte Nerlich

    2002-01-01

    In this article we want to investigate the semantic (figurative) structures that underlie false friends, especially semantic false friends, in various European languages (Spanish, French, German and English). Chance false friends share the same form but have different etymologies and different meanings in different languages. They can be compared to homonyms in a single natural language. Semantic false friends, by

  13. Breastfeed Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can pump and store your breast milk at work. Most employers are now required by law to give you time and a place to pump milk for your baby. Get more information about: Pumping and storing your breast milk Your rights at work Get close to your baby right away. Tell ...

  14. Feeding Your Baby in the NICU

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Newborn screening Your baby right after birth Baby gear New Dads Caring for your baby Baby Care ... warm skin and letting your baby observe your face. You can also continue to do kangaroo care ...

  15. Babies and Briefcases: Creating a Family-Friendly Workplace for Fathers. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

    Hearings on family-friendly workplaces for fathers were held in an effort to help create a corporate culture that allows fathers to take advantage of and support different workplace policies. Fathers' impact on children's development, and the reasons why it is important for fathers to be part of the parenting process, are examined. Representative…

  16. Expedient Treatment of a Collodion Baby

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Michael; Pittenger, Jaime; Tobin, Stuart; Chung, Andrew; Desai, Nirmala

    2011-01-01

    Only ~270 cases of collodion babies have been reported in the literature since 1892. As the name suggests, the term “collodion baby” refers to a phenotype that can be characterized by a yellow, shiny, tight parchment-like membrane stretched over the skin. Although the collodion membrane is only an evanescent condition of the newborn, neonatal complications can occur in 45% of all collodion babies, leading to a mortality rate of ~11% in the first few weeks of life. Most children born as collodion babies will spontaneously desquamate within 2 weeks, but may be as long as 3 months. Eventually, these children develop signs of one of several types of ichthyosis, which gives the skin the appearance of “fish scales.” We report a unique case of a Caucasian male that was born as a Collodion baby at the University of Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Although the impairment of the skin barrier function put the patient at risk for a number of complications, he improved significantly after being treated with emollients and antibiotics. In contrast to previous findings, we found that skin emollients were beneficial and did not increase the risk of infection. PMID:23198180

  17. Supplementation of Breastfeeding Infants and Weight Loss in Hospital

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacalynne Glover; Mark Sandilands

    1990-01-01

    Charts were reviewed to determine the frequency of glucose water supplementation of breastfed babies during their hospital stay and to discover if glucose water supplementation affected weight loss. Babies who received glucose water supplementation lost more weight and stayed in hospital longer than babies who did not receive supplementation. These findings were statistically significant. Routine supplementation with glucose water is

  18. Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...

  19. Shaken Baby Syndrome

    MedlinePLUS

    ... brain. Doctors may use brain scans, such as MRI and CT, to make a more definite diagnosis. What is the prognosis? In comparison with accidental traumatic brain injury in infants, shaken baby injuries have a much ...

  20. Feeding Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... to Order Bottles Feeding FAQs Bottle Adaptations Movie Credits Terms & Conditions Feeding Your Baby Booklet Parents and ... Help Send us Feedback Terms and Conditions | Movie Credits Click here for the booklet version of our ...

  1. Isospinning baby Skyrmion solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Battye, Richard A.; Haberichter, Mareike

    2013-12-01

    We perform full two-dimensional (2D) numerical relaxations of isospinning soliton solutions in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken by the 2D analogue of the pion mass term in the Skyrme model. In our calculations we explicitly allow the isospinning solitons to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configurations. We find that stable isospinning baby Skyrme solutions can be constructed numerically for all angular frequencies ??min?(?,1), where ? is the mass parameter of the model. Stable, rotationally symmetric baby Skyrmion solutions for higher angular velocities are simply an artefact of the hedgehog approximation. Isospinning multisoliton solutions of topological charge B turn out to be unstable to break up into their B charge-1 constituents at some critical breakup frequency value. Furthermore, we find that for ? sufficiently large the rotational symmetry of charge-2 baby Skyrmions becomes broken at a critical angular frequency ?.

  2. Your Colicky Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to Know Your Colicky Baby KidsHealth > Parents > Growth ... you down to the point where you feel like joining in. What could be upsetting your child? All newborns cry and show some fussiness. But ...

  3. Can Baby Hear?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Current Issue Past Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Can Baby Hear? Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table ... to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). Prior to this, the average age ...

  4. Shaken Baby Syndrome.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Randell C.; Smith, Wilbur L.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the history, epidemiology, biomechanics, diagnosis, treatment, outcomes, long-term management, and prevention of shaken baby syndrome. It presents medical-legal issues as well as a discussion of programs aimed at prevention of physical abuse. (Author/DB)

  5. Bonding with Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the child's social and cognitive development. Why Is Bonding Important? Bonding is essential for a baby. Studies ... as biological parents and their children. Back Continue Bonding With Daddy Men these days spend more time ...

  6. Baby Universes Revisited

    E-print Network

    J. Ambjorn; J. Barkley; T. Budd; R. Loll

    2011-10-18

    The behaviour of baby universes has been an important ingredient in understanding and quantifying non-critical string theory or, equivalently, models of two-dimensional Euclidean quantum gravity coupled to matter. Within a regularized description based on dynamical triangulations, we amend an earlier conjecture by Jain and Mathur on the scaling behaviour of genus-$g$ surfaces containing particular baby universe `necks', and perform a nontrivial numerical check on our improved conjecture.

  7. Compact baby Skyrmions

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, C. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Klimas, P. [Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Carlos, Caixa Postal 369, CEP 13560-970, Sao Carlos-SP (Brazil); Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Wereszczynski, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow (Poland)

    2009-11-15

    For the baby Skyrme model with a specific potential, compacton solutions, i.e., configurations with a compact support and parabolic approach to the vacuum, are derived. Specifically, in the nontopological sector, we find spinning Q-balls and Q-shells, as well as peakons. Moreover, we obtain compact baby skyrmions with nontrivial topological charge. All these solutions may form stable multisoliton configurations provided they are sufficiently separated.

  8. The baby killers are still at large.

    PubMed

    Power, J

    1994-08-12

    This newspaper editorial reports that the UN Children's Fund's (UNICEF) executive director and recent US Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient believes that 1.5 million infants would survive annually if breast feeding declines worldwide were reversed. UNICEF adopted the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes in the World Health Assembly in 1981. The code restricts direct advertising, inadequate labels, saleswomen dressed as nurses, and promotion of free samples. The Baby Food Action Network is reported to have released a report which states that baby food companies are still donating free supplies of infant formula to hospitals. The UNICEF position is that provision of free supplies is the most important disincentive to breast feeding. 81 governments adopted the guidelines, but 41 countries have hospitals which accept free samples. 28 of these 41 countries adopted the ban. The Nestle Company, which was cited 20 years age for this practice, won the legal battle and today defies the guidelines in 22 countries, including China, Zimbabwe, and Bangladesh. A US company, Mead Johnson, uses advertising on its label that shows Beatrice Potter's Peter Rabbit being bottle fed. The International Code restricts idealization of bottle feeding. Nutrician, a large conglomerate ownership of US and European infant formula companies, brazenly advertises in the Peruvian daily newspapers with photos of baby milk boxes being donated to hospitals. Dr. Derek Jelliffe, an infant nutritionist, is credited with being the first to publicize the dangers of commercialized malnutrition 21 years ago. PMID:12319575

  9. When Babies Scream: Why Babies Scream and What to Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2006-01-01

    When a baby screams, that is a signal that all is not well for the body of the baby, for her emotional well-being, and/or for the baby's relationship with the teacher. During the first year of life, infants learn that adults are in control of providing reassuring care. Adults will "make things better" when a baby's tummy feels horribly empty, when…

  10. Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... start! 1. Protect your baby’s teeth with fluoride. Fluoride (said like floor-eyed ) protects teeth from tooth decay. It can even heal early decay. Fluoride is in the drinking water of many towns ...

  11. Parents Are Baby's First and

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Parents Are Baby's First and Best Teachers Take Good Care of Yourself Your child will learn more of smell, taste, sight, hearing, and touch. You can help your baby develop her senses by providing playthings that can be seen, heard, and touched. Playing helps your baby to strength- en and use her muscles

  12. Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

    2009-01-01

    With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

  13. The amazing baby brain

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS; )

    2007-05-25

    If you were watching television with the sound turned off, do you think you could tell what language the actors were speaking in? Babies can, according to new research. At least, they can tell whether a face is speaking their native language or a foreign language.

  14. No Baby Left behind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Dorothy

    2007-01-01

    "No Baby Left Behind" was created to have an impact on the school readiness of children in the community today and in the future. Each year, there are an increasing number of students who have learning difficulties. Many of these problems are preventable. Accidents, poor nutrition (of the mother and/or child), drug use, alcohol use, and lack of…

  15. Cosleeping and Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... as the mother reduces the risk of SIDS. Buy a device that looks like a bassinet or play yard with one side that is lower, which attaches to your bed to allow you and baby to be next to each other while eliminating ...

  16. Dogs Over Babies

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-08-19

    wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

  17. Shaken baby syndrome.

    PubMed

    Miehl, Nickolaus J

    2005-01-01

    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a violent act of abuse that can cause myriad neurologic, cognitive, and other functional deficits. In the most serious cases, death can result. Health care practitioners, child care providers, and parents must be educated on the signs of SBS. Cases should be thoroughly reviewed and prevention strategies developed to prevent future incidents. PMID:17073042

  18. Selecting the Perfect Baby

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Julia Omarzu

    2002-09-01

    This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter, Molly, was born with a rare genetic disorder. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes' hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby's u

  19. Aloof baby Skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul

    2015-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  20. Aloof Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

    2014-09-29

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  1. Aloof Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Salmi, Petja

    2014-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  2. Friendly Writing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-10-13

    At the start of this lesson, students will review the friendly letter format as the teacher reads I Wanna Iguana and I Wanna New Room by Karen Kaufman Orloff to the students. These books are told in a friendly letter format between the boy and his parents. With teacher modeling and support, students will then generate a topic and practice writing a friendly letter as a class. Next, students will apply the friendly letter format to create a writing piece in which they write to a reader of their choice on a topic they have chosen. Students will receive practice at editing their writing for proper conventions (independently, through peer review, and in teacher-student mini conferences). A graphic organizer, a letter writing frame, and a guide for revision are provided in the lesson. A closing activity has students writing a letter to their teacher asking for something they would like for their class.

  3. Friend Finder

    MedlinePLUS

    Friend Finder (Game) Email Embed Grab this Game :
  4. Shaken baby syndrome.

    PubMed

    Altimier, Leslie

    2008-01-01

    Non-accidental head trauma in infants is the leading cause of infant death from injury. Clinical features that suggest head trauma (also known as shaken baby syndrome or shaken impact syndrome) include the triad consisting of retinal hemorrhage, subdural, and/or subarachnoid hemorrhage in an infant with little signs of external trauma. Abusive head injuries are among the most common causes of serious and lethal injuries in children. These injuries may result from impact or shaking or a combination of these mechanisms. These mechanisms cause the child's head to undergo acceleration/ deceleration movements, which may create inertial movement of the brain within the cranial compartment. PMID:18287904

  5. [The shaken baby syndrome].

    PubMed

    Aguilar Serrano, Alicia; Reyes Morillas, María; Ráez Liébanas, Andrés; Ruiz Rodríguez, Concepción

    2006-11-01

    The shaken baby syndrome is caused by a violent jerk or shaking of a child's or infant's head; on some occasions this syndrome is defined as a form of child abuse. This relatively unknown syndrome can produce multiple lesions in the victim; these lesions are not evident externally in the majority of cases. The authors have reviewed numerous articles so that they can define this syndrome's basic characteristics which bear much weight in the early detection of this syndrome and moreover on adequate prevention of this syndrome by health professionals since this syndrome may cause grave and permanent repercussions in the child which undergoes it. PMID:17201333

  6. Steeping Preservation of Baby Corn

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Poonam Aggarwal; Ravneet Kaur

    2010-01-01

    Baby sweet corn (Zea mays var. rugosa Bonaf.) is used in Asian cuisine and considered a specialty item outside of Asia. Dehusked baby corn, harvested at 2 and 4 days after silk emergence, was preserved in a steeping solution and packed in glass jars. The steeping solution used concentrations of acetic acid from 0.5% to 2.0% and sodium chloride from

  7. Colostrum: Your Baby's First Meal

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the breasts are not yet extremely full of milk, they remain soft and supple after delivery, making it easier for the baby to learn to suckle. In these early days, it is normal for a baby to lose some weight. This weight loss consists of extra fluid accumulated during pregnancy. In ...

  8. Growth and the Premature Baby

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Gibson; S. Carney; J. K. H. Wales

    2006-01-01

    There is considerable evidence to show that babies born prematurely have poor postnatal growth, and the more premature the baby, the greater the impairment is likely to be and the longer it will persist. Nutrition has been shown to play an important part in this, but adequate nutrition is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve in these infants. In the

  9. Broken Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Juha Jäykkä; Martin Speight; Paul Sutcliffe

    2011-09-01

    The baby Skyrme model is a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of the Skyrme model, in which baryons are described by topological solitons. In this paper we introduce a version of the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the dihedral group D_N. It is found that the single soliton in this theory is composed of N partons, that are topologically confined. The case N=3 is studied in some detail and multi-soliton solutions are computed. These soliton solutions are related to polyiamonds, which are plane figures composed of equilateral triangles joined by common edges. It is shown that the solitons may be viewed as pieces of a doubly periodic soliton lattice. An alternative model with D_3 symmetry is also introduced, which has an exact explicit soliton lattice solution. Soliton solutions are computed and compared in the two D_3 theories. Some comments are made regarding the extension of these ideas to the Skyrme model.

  10. Nonaxisymmetric baby-Skyrmion branes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delsate, Térence; Hayasaka, Masahiro; Sawado, Nobuyuki

    2012-12-01

    We investigate the existence of nonaxisymmetric solutions in the six-dimensional baby-Skyrme brane model. The brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extra dimensions. Such nonsymmetric branes have already been constructed in the original 2+1-dimensional baby-Skyrme model in flat space. We generalize this result to the case of gravitating baby Skyrme and in the context of extra dimensions. These nontrivial deformations from the axisymmetric shape appear for higher values of the topological charge, so we consider the cases of B=3, 4, where B is the topological charge. We solve the coupled system of the Einstein and baby-Skyrme equations by the successive over-relaxation method. We argue that the result may be a possible resolution for the fermion mass hierarchy puzzle.

  11. You don't leave your baby--mother's experiences after a stillbirth.

    PubMed

    Lindgren, H; Malm, M C; Rådestad, I

    When a baby has died during pregnancy, the first encounter between mother and child occurs when the baby is already dead. Despair, emptiness, and grief characterize the encounter, which is also a gradual farewell to the child and the planned future for the family. This study describes mothers' experiences of the farewell of their stillborn baby at discharge from hospital. Twenty-three mothers from different parts of Sweden, who suffered stillbirth, were interviewed. Semi-structured questions were used and the replies were analyzed using content analysis. The mothers describe the separation from the child when leaving hospital as unnatural and that the separation ruins the motherhood they felt during pregnancy. Five categories were identified: unnatural to leave the baby; going home empty-handed; access to the child; security and insecurity in the separation; to let go. The overarching theme that we recognized from these responses we have formulated as: You don't leave your baby. Leaving the baby at the hospital goes against the biological instinct to care for and protect the offspring. Routines for a dignified goodbye including designating a deputy guardian into whose arms the mother can place the baby can help to facilitate the separation. The possibility of leaving the baby in the arms of someone known to the parents should be an option for parents who choose to take farewell of the child at the hospital. The place and time for the farewell should be decided on by the parents, taking the baby home for a personal farewell could be an alternative. PMID:24968620

  12. Friends'T he Friends'Friends'Friends'

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    evening, this time speaking to us on Ernst Hanfstaengl (1887-1975), a mentor to Hitler and friend international figure, whose wife once prevented Hitler from committing suicide, and also give us yet another Road, Aberdeen Thursday 15 November 2007 7.30 pm Hitler's Mentor ­ Ernst Hanfstaengl by Jack Webster

    1. Family-Friendly Employment Policies: What do People Want?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Sarah Morrison

      2006-01-01

      This research examines what people want in terms of family-friendly employment policies within the workplace. Two groups were compared: undergraduate students preparing themselves for the workforce and Baby Boomers that are about to, or already have, retired. The sample was chosen from current University of Connecticut fourth year students and alumni who graduated from the University of Connecticut between 1970

    2. Brown Baby Reads

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      2013-01-01

      Based in Chicago, Brown Baby Reads is a not-for-profit organization with a mission "to celebrate, encourage, and promote literacy in African-American children." On the website, visitors can learn about their initiatives and find out about age-appropriate books for children. In the "Database" area, visitors can peruse information on over 1,500 books that feature African American children as main characters and books written by African American authors. Visitors can also search the books by author, title, illustrator, age group, category, or themes. The site is rounded out by a number of links to free online resources from around the web related to reading, literacy, and cultural diversity.

    3. Isorotating baby Skyrmions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Halavanau, A.; Shnir, Ya.

      2013-10-01

      We discuss how internal rotation with fixed angular frequency can affect the solitons in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the SO(2). Two particular choices of the potential term are considered, the “old” potential and the “new” double vacuum potential, We do not impose any assumptions about the symmetry on the fields. Our results confirm existence of two types of instabilities determined by the relation between the mass parameter of the potential ? and the angular frequency ?. It is shown that multi-Skyrmions in the model with old potential at some critical value of the angular frequency become unstable with respect to decay into single Skyrmion constituents.

    4. Shaken baby syndrome

      PubMed Central

      Blumenthal, I

      2002-01-01

      Shaken baby syndrome is the most common cause of death or serious neurological injury resulting from child abuse. It is specific to infancy, when children have unique anatomic features. Subdural and retinal haemorrhages are markers of shaking injury. An American radiologist, John Caffey, coined the name whiplash shaken infant syndrome in 1974. It was, however, a British neurosurgeon, Guthkelch who first described shaking as the cause of subdural haemorrhage in infants. Impact was later thought to play a major part in the causation of brain damage. Recently improved neuropathology and imaging techniques have established the cause of brain injury as hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive and specific method of confirming a shaking injury. Families of children with subdural haemorrhages should be thoroughly investigated by social welfare agencies. PMID:12509690

    5. A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

      E-print Network

      Bandettini, Peter A.

      A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health #12;Healthy teeth are important-- even baby teeth. Children need healthy teeth to help them chew and to speak clearly. And baby teeth hold space for adult teeth. This booklet can help you keep your baby

    6. A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

      E-print Network

      Bandettini, Peter A.

      A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health #12;#12;A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby Healthy teeth are important--even baby teeth. Children need healthy teeth to help them chew and to speak clearly. And baby teeth hold space for adult teeth

    7. What Is Your Your baby is one of a kind. Babies are

      E-print Network

      Johnson, Eric E.

      Month 5 5 What Is Your Baby Like? Your baby is one of a kind. Babies are different in many ways: All of these things make up your baby's temperament or person- ality. Some combinations are easier to live with than others. Some babies are active and predictable. They adapt easily to change

    8. Analysis of causes that led to baby Jackie Ray's developmental delay and intracranial bleeding

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Mohammed Ali Al-Bayati

      A 3 month-old black male infant had a seizure and his mother took him to the hospital for examination. The baby was examined at the ER and no signs of trauma were identified. A CT scan exam of his head performed at 1.25 hours following his admission to the hospital (FAH) showed only a small area of bleeding in the

    9. Easy plane baby skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Juha Jäykkä; Martin Speight

      2011-02-02

      The baby Skyrme model is studied with a novel choice of potential, $V=1/2 \\phi_3^2$. This "easy plane" potential vanishes at the equator of the target two-sphere. Hence, in contrast to previously studied cases, the boundary value of the field breaks the residual SO(2) internal symmetry of the model. Consequently, even the unit charge skyrmion has only discrete symmetry and consists of a bound state of two half lumps. A model of long-range inter-skyrmion forces is developed wherein a unit skyrmion is pictured as a single scalar dipole inducing a massless scalar field tangential to the vacuum manifold. This model has the interesting feature that the two-skyrmion interaction energy depends only on the average orientation of the dipoles relative to the line joining them. Its qualitative predictions are confirmed by numerical simulations. Global energy minimizers of charges B=1,...,14,18,32 are found numerically. Up to charge B=6, the minimizers have 2B half lumps positioned at the vertices of a regular 2B-gon. For charges B >= 7, rectangular or distorted rectangular arrays of 2B half lumps are preferred, as close to square as possible.

    10. [Shaken baby syndrome].

      PubMed

      Reith, W; Rohrer, T; Ahlhelm, F; Papanagiotou, P

      2009-10-01

      Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) describes the coincidence of subdural hematoma, retinal bleeding and, disadvantageous for the prognosis, diffuse brain damage caused by powerful shaking of the infant. The clinical symptoms include irritability, difficulty with drinking, somnolence, apathy, cerebral cramp attacks, apnoea, temperature regulation disorders and vomiting due to cranial pressure. Milder symptoms of SBS are often not diagnosed and the number of unregistered cases is probably much greater. The diagnosis of SBS is made through the typical symptom constellation, but the lack of retinal bleeding does not exclude the diagnosis. Normally the infants are held by the thorax or upper arms and shaken in a sagittal direction during which the head falls backwards and forwards and is stopped abruptly at each extreme position. The injurious mechanism is considered to be caused by rotational forces which force tissue layers in the brain against each other and also lead to rupture of bridging veins between the skull and the brain. The prognosis is poor and approximately 25% of infants die of SBS within days or weeks. Approximately 75% of survivors suffer from long term damage with physical handicaps, limitations in hearing, visual disturbances up to blindness and mental disorders or combinations of these conditions. Prevention is therefore the most important aspect. PMID:19784614

    11. Shaken baby syndrome education program: nurses making a difference.

      PubMed

      Smith, Kim M; deGuehery, Kathleen A

      2008-01-01

      This article describes the nursing role in the Upstate New York Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) Education Program, an effort to educate parents of all hospital-born infants in the eight-county region of Western New York about the dangers of violent infant shaking. This program has now been expanded to include hospitals in 17 counties in Upstate New York. The major intervention is an educational program administered by nurses. These nurses describe the challenges and opportunities they faced in implementing a large community health program. PMID:18997573

    12. Quantum entanglement of baby universes

      SciTech Connect

      Essman, Eric P.; Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

      2006-12-07

      We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

    13. Quantum entanglement of baby universes

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

      2007-08-01

      We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

    14. Collodion baby and lamellar ichthyosis.

      PubMed

      Sandler, B; Hashimoto, K

      1998-02-01

      It is important to differentiate the collodion baby from harlequin ichthyosis as the latter rarely survives past the first few days of life. Occasionally, babies share features of both disorders and defy a clinical diagnosis. We recently encountered such a baby who initially presented with harlequin-like features, but evolved into lamellar ichthyosis once the keratin cast was shed. Since the routine histology of all these ichthyoses is similar, we used electron microscopy to study serial biopsy specimens from the affected infant on days 7, 14, and 150, and compared them to our own other cases of harlequin ichthyosis and lamellar ichthyosis. Electron microscopic studies of our case revealed that the marginal band of cornified cells of the stratum corneum was absent when the baby exhibited collodion/harlequin ichthyosis features. Another biopsy taken when the clinical picture evolved into lamellar-like ichthyosis, showed a well-formed marginal band in the cornified cells. In harlequin ichthyosis, the marginal band is present at birth. It is suggested that electron microscopy can differentiate severe collodion baby from harlequin ichthyosis at birth using the absence of the marginal band. Previously reported features of harlequin ichthyosis, such as the presence of giant mitochondria and an abnormal formation of the marginal band in luminal villi of acrosyringeal eccrine duct, were absent in our case. PMID:9521501

    15. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome: Never shake a baby

      PubMed Central

      Ward, Michelle GK; Bennett, Susan; King, W James

      2004-01-01

      Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) represents injuries to the head, skeleton and eyes of a young child and is the leading cause of fatal or life-threatening child abuse. SBS is preventable. The dangers and consequences of shaking a baby are not well appreciated by the general public. Simple educational programs and community nursing support programs have been shown to be helpful. Inadequate physician training and knowledge in child maltreatment have also been identified as problems. This article outlines the evidence for interventions in the prevention of SBS and recommendations for health care providers and educators. PMID:19657516

    16. 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2008-01-01

      NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 11 (June 5, 2008), the eleventh day after landing. It shows the trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm. The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test. The trench on the right is informally called 'Baby Bear.' The sample dug from Baby Bear will be delivered to the Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA. The Baby Bear trench is 9 centimeters (3.1 inches) wide and 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) deep.

      The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

    17. Magnetothermodynamics of BPS baby skyrmions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2014-11-01

      The magnetothermodynamics of skyrmion type matter described by the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model at zero temperature is investigated. We prove that the BPS property of the model is preserved also for boundary conditions corresponding to an asymptotically constant magnetic field. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS equations saturating the bound are found. Further, we show that one may introduce pressure in the gauged model by a redefinition of the superpotential. Interestingly, this is related to non-extremal type solutions in the so-called fake supersymmetry method. Finally, we compute the equation of state of magnetized BSP baby skyrmions inserted into an external constant magnetic field H and under external pressure P , i.e., V = V ( P, H), where V is the "volume" (area) occupied by the skyrmions. We show that the BPS baby skyrmions form a ferromagnetic medium.

    18. Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... and ibuprofen. Over-the-counter means you can buy these without a prescription from your health care provider. Prescription pain medicines. You need a prescription from your baby’s provider for these medicines. A prescription is an ...

    19. Got Diabetes? Thinking about Having a Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... have seizures or a stroke. It also might cause your baby to be born early. • Very large babies are more likely to become overweight or obese during childhood and adolescence. Such obesity can lead to type 2 diabetes. Controlling your ...

    20. Baffled by the Baby Bottle

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Michael A. Jeannot

      1999-01-01

      This case is based on an actual article entitled "Baby Alert" that appeared in Consumer Reports (May 1999). The article raises some concerns about the safety of polycarbonate baby bottles, and recommends that parents dispose of them as a precaution. However, the American Plastics Council and the Food and Drug Administration have raised concerns about the experimental methodology used as well as the recommendations made in this article. The case has been used to help develop students’ critical thinking skills in an introductory chemistry course for non-majors. It may be used to illustrate applications in polymer chemistry, quantitative chemical analysis, toxicology, endocrine disruption, and risk-benefit analysis.

    1. "Babies Grow a Long Time": A Preschool Project about Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Harrison, Andromahi

      2012-01-01

      This article describes a project related to babies undertaken by preschoolers in a university-affiliated child care center in the Midwest. Following a description of the class, the author discusses the three phases of the project. Photographs taken during the project are included throughout the article. The article concludes with the author's…

    2. hepph/9410256 Dynamics of Baby Skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Schroers, Bernd J.

      DTP 94­25 hep­ph/9410256 Dynamics of Baby Skyrmions B.M.A.G. Piette 1 , B.J. Schroers 2 and W Physics B 439 (1995) pp 205­235 Abstract Baby Skyrmions are topological solitons in a (2+1)­dimensional and approximations commonly used in discussions of the Skyrme model to the dynamics of baby Skyrmions and directly

    3. Understanding How Babies Build Language Skills

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2006-01-01

      Language is a great communication system. Through language, humans can express logical reasoning, grief, happiness, wishes, descriptions, and a rich array of feelings and ideas. Every baby deserves the gift of language power! In this article, the author discusses how babies build language skills and presents activities to help babies build…

    4. Feeding patterns and diet - babies and infants

      MedlinePLUS

      ... to continue producing milk. If you feed your baby formula, your baby will eat about 6 to 8 times per ... her. This means she is very hungry. Your baby should not sleep ... 5 hours if you're feeding formula). It is OK to wake her up to ...

    5. Shaken Baby Syndrome. The Arc Q & A.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Palmer, Susan

      This fact sheet uses a question-and-answer format to summarize what is known about shaken baby syndrome, brain damage resulting from forceful shaking of an infant or young child. Questions and answers address the following topics: what shaken baby syndrome is and other names for the condition; the diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome; the incidence…

    6. Baby Fae: a beastly business

      Microsoft Academic Search

      T Kushner; R Belliotti

      1985-01-01

      The Baby Fae experiment has highlighted the growing trend in medicine of using animal parts in the treatment of humans. This paper raises the question of the logical and moral justification for these current practices and their proposed expansion. We argue that the Cognitive Capacity Principle establishes morally justified necessary and sufficient conditions for the use of non-human animals in

    7. Care of the Migrant Baby.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

      Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

    8. Yorùbá babies and unchained melody

      Microsoft Academic Search

      PHIL HARRISON

      1998-01-01

      Earlier work on the perception of stop contrasts by infants and of lexical tone by Yorùbá adults sets the context for the results presented here, which demonstrate the sensitivity of six- to eight-month old Yorùbá babies to the tonal contrasts of their native language. Like adult speakers, they discriminate high tone from other tones in a single nuclear domain, but

    9. Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

      2010-01-01

      Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

    10. [Maternal perception regarding hospitalized newborns].

      PubMed

      Carmona, Elenice Valentim; Vale, Ianê Nogueira do; Ohara, Conceição Vieira da Silva; Abrão, Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena

      2014-01-01

      Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in the neonatal unit of a public teaching hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, which aimed to determine the perceptions of mothers about their newborns hospitalized children. The sample consisted of 100 women questioned, through the Neonatal Perception Inventory Broussard, about how much trouble was expected to be presented by babies of the general unit, on behaviors such as crying; feeding; regurgitate or vomit; evacuate; sleep and have a routine. Then, the same questions were repeated about their own babies. Ninety mothers considered their children with fewer difficulties than other babies at the unit. Younger women and mothers of infants with higher weights tended to consider their children with more difficulty. The Inventory is easy to apply and may be useful in the evaluation of mother-child interaction, although its result cannot be considered in isolation. PMID:25517674

    11. No longer pregnant, not yet a mother: giving birth prematurely to a very-low-birth-weight baby.

      PubMed

      Baum, Nehami; Weidberg, Zilla; Osher, Yael; Kohelet, David

      2012-05-01

      In this article we present the findings of a qualitative examination of 30 mothers of very-low-birth-weight babies. Interviews conducted with the mothers when the babies were still in neonatal hospitalization show that virtually all the mothers described their delivery both as a traumatic event, and as a nonevent in which they felt that they barely participated. Most of them blamed themselves for not carrying full term, some blamed others, and some believed the premature delivery saved their baby's life. Following their truncated pregnancies, their "nonparticipation" in the delivery, and their separation from their newborn immediately after the delivery, virtually all the women reported difficulty grasping that they were mothers. Many reported a sense of loss, emptiness, and frustration that the baby was no longer inside. The women took a variety of measures, including magical means and parenting behaviors, to safeguard their vulnerable babies and to become mothers within the constraints of the neonatal unit. PMID:21926386

    12. U.S. Hospitals May Often Miss Signs of Child Abuse

      MedlinePLUS

      U.S. Hospitals May Often Miss Signs of Child Abuse Less than half follow up on suspicious fractures ... hospitals may miss an opportunity to detect physical abuse in babies and toddlers, a new study reveals. ...

    13. Congenital hydrocephalus in an Egyptian baby with trisomy 18: a case report

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Kotb A Metwalley; Hekma S Farghalley; Alaa A Abd-Elsayed

      2009-01-01

      INTRODUCTION: Trisomy 18 is the second most common autosomal trisomy after Down syndrome (trisomy 21). A variety of anomalies of the central nervous system are observed in cases of trisomy 18. The association between trisomy 18 and congenital hydrocephalus is very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-month-old male Egyptian baby boy was referred to Assiut University hospital for evaluation of his

    14. Providing Free Samples of Baby Items to Newly Delivered ParentsAn Unintentional Endorsement?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Gregory F. Hayden; George A. Nowacek; William Koch; John Kattwinkel

      1987-01-01

      Recent studies have suggested that providing free sample packs of baby items to newly delivered parents may adversely influence parental health behavior. To determine the extent of this practice in Virginia, the head nurses of all 68 newborn nurseries and a random sample of 200 pediatricians were surveyed. Formula samples were being distributed at all hospitals. Formula packs were given

    15. Wormholes, baby universes, and causality

      SciTech Connect

      Visser, M. (Theoretical Division, T-8, Mail Stop B-285, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (US))

      1990-02-15

      In this paper wormholes defined on a Minkowski signature manifold are considered, both at the classical and quantum levels. It is argued that causality in quantum gravity may best be imposed by restricting the functional integral to include only causal Lorentzian spacetimes. Subject to this assumption, one can put very tight constraints on the quantum behavior of wormholes, their cousins the baby universes, and topology-changing processes in general. Even though topology-changing processes are tightly constrained, this still allows very interesting geometrical (rather than topological) effects. In particular, the laboratory construction of baby universes is {ital not} prohibited provided that the umbilical cord'' is never cut. Methods for relaxing these causality constraints are also discussed.

    16. Baby universes in string theory

      SciTech Connect

      Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

      2006-03-15

      We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

    17. Friend to Friend Cancer Early Detection

      E-print Network

      Friend to Friend Cancer Early Detection Relevance Women living in rural areas of Texas are less areas tend to be diagnosed in later stages of breast or cervical cancer, making treatment more difficult and impairing their future quality of life. Response Funding was sought and obtained from the Cancer Prevention

    18. Healthy Native Babies Project Safe Sleep Messages Activity

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Sleep location Sleep surface Sleep area Sleep temperature 3 #12;Healthy Native Babies Project Sleep Project Sleep Area A8: Nothing but the baby! 17 #12;Healthy Native Babies Project Sleep Temperature Q9: What should a baby wear to sleep? 18 #12;Healthy Native Babies Project Sleep Temperature A9: Dress

    19. Long-term outcomes of the shaken baby syndrome prevention program: Turkey’s experience

      PubMed Central

      Ta?ar, Medine Ay?in; ?ahin, Figen; Polat, Selda; ?lhan, Mustafa; Çamurdan, Aysu; Dallar, Y?ld?z; Beyazova, Ufuk

      2014-01-01

      Aim: Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a condition which may cause to serious health problems in the baby. SBS may be prevented by increasing awareness with giving education to parents especially in the early postnatal period. In shaken baby prevention programs, education is recommended to be given before the 2–4th month during which the frequency of crying is increased. It is important that education given in the early period is permanent until the period during which the frequency of crying is increased. The aim of this study was to evaluate the persistency of the benefit of the SBS prevention program until the 2–4th month during which crying is intensified. Material and Methods: This study is an interventional study. When the babies became 2–4 months old, a questionnaire which questioned the usefulness of education and the experiences with babies was applied to a group selected randomly among the mothers who received SBS prevention education during pregnancy or in the first 7 postnatal days (group A). The same questionnaire was applied to 143 mothers whose babies completed their first 2 months, who presented to the hospital for vaccination and who did not receive education about SBS as the control group (group B). The data were evaluated using the Statistical Program for Social Sciences (SPSS) 15.0 statistical analysis package program. Ethical approval was obtained from the local ethics committee (30.12.2009, 2785). Results: The rate of the mothers who stated “yes” to the sentence “babies occasionally cry” which was one of the main messages of the education was statistically significantly higher in group A compared to group B (p=0.001). The rate of the mothers who stated “I agree” to the sentence “battering is harmful for babies” was statistically significantly higher in group A compared to group B (p=0.001). Conclusions: Conclusively, it was found that SBS prevention program education was permanent until the 2–4th month.

    20. Talk With Baby: A Guide for Parents.

      E-print Network

      Anonymous

      1984-01-01

      TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take... care of them If you ta I k to baby he will learn to make sounds When baby coos and blows bubbles he is learning to talk You he I p if you make soft sounds back at him When baby talks to y make the sounds he makes Talk back to him Call...

    1. Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; T. Romanczukiewicz; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2010-02-09

      A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or non-compact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or non-existence of multi-skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

    2. Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models

      SciTech Connect

      Adam, C. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago, and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE) E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Romanczukiewicz, T.; Wereszczynski, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow (Poland); Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago, and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE) E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

      2010-04-15

      A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby Skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or noncompact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or nonexistence of multi-Skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

    3. Friends and Relatives

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Kicks Count! New Moms & Dads Tips Bedtime Basics Baby Products Grieving Families Programs Get Involved Legacy Program First Birthday Parties Events Blog Buy From Our Store Blog About Grieving Families Surviving ...

    4. Can Babies Learn to Read? A Randomized Trial of Baby Media

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley; Strouse, Gabrielle

      2014-01-01

      Targeted to children as young as 3 months old, there is a growing number of baby media products that claim to teach babies to read. This randomized controlled trial was designed to examine this claim by investigating the effects of a best-selling baby media product on reading development. One hundred and seventeen infants, ages 9 to 18 months,…

    5. Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... section may have more breathing and other medical problems than babies born by vaginal birth. (Most babies are born by vaginal birth . The mother's uterus contracts to help push the baby out through the ...

    6. And Many Minutes Passed Would the baby, Nikos, be allowed

      E-print Network

      Nystuen, Jeffrey A.

      And Many Minutes Passed Would the baby, Nikos, be allowed to visit his grandparents in Moscow and shouted "Visa for BABY, BABY!" It worked! She turned back and took his document and went inside, but left

    7. Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion

      MedlinePLUS

      ... pregnancy? • Why is prenatal care important? • What should I think about if I am considering raising the baby? • ... use after the baby is born. What should I think about if I am considering raising the baby? ...

    8. Water Babies: an evolutionary parable.

      PubMed

      Beatty, John; Hale, Piers J

      2008-12-01

      The nineteenth-century Anglican theologian Charles Kingsley was immediately impressed by Darwin's Origin of Species. Whilst many in Victorian Britain reacted against the idea of natural selection, Kingsley saw in the contingency of selection a divinely ordained imperative for human endeavour, not least the pursuit of scientific knowledge. Here, Kingsley believed, was a crucial insight into the seemingly indifferent laws of nature, one that humankind could use to elevate themselves to ever-greater heights. Kingsley chose to teach these lessons about the moral nature of evolution through 'Water Babies', one of the most charming and enduring of children's fairy tales. PMID:18995909

    9. 75 FR 81788 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-28

      ...1509 Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full- Size Baby Cribs AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission...Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs,'' and ASTM F 406-10a,...

    10. Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Baird, Stephen L.

      2007-01-01

      "Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

    11. Baby Doll: The Success of Scandal

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Barton Palmer

      Baby Doll hit America's cinemas with a resounding bang in 1956, and while not the financial and critical success that A Streetcar Named Desire had been some six years before, the film proved without a doubt to be the most sensational of Hollywood's adaptations of Tennessee Williams's works. In fact, Baby Doll is quite likely the most sensational (we should

    12. Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2004-01-01

      Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

    13. Fetal Echocardiography/Your Unborn Baby's Heart

      MedlinePLUS

      ... of the baby If there is a known family history of disorders that are passed along from generation to generation such as Marfan's syndrome or tuberous sclerosis If the unborn baby has been diagnosed with a genetic abnormality including disorders with abnormal number of chromosome; Down ...

    14. Rich Responses Help Babies Learn and Thrive

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gillespie, Linda; Parlakian, Rebecca

      2009-01-01

      This article reminds infant care teachers of the ways thoughtful interactions between adults and very young children teach babies and toddlers who they are as individuals. "When teachers take the time to respond respectfully and thoughtfully, babies and young children learn and thrive."

    15. Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

      2011-01-01

      The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

    16. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. The baby's sleep area has

    17. [Babies' logic activity: a differential study].

      PubMed

      Escolano Pérez, Elena; Sastre i Riba, Sylvia

      2006-08-01

      From a neuroconstructivist point of view based on infant cognitive development, the aim of this study is to get to know and compare the logical organization and content of the spontaneous activity of babies with alternative developmental courses (typical babies and Down's Syndrome ones). A fundamental form of logic is observed since the beginning of babies' interaction with their environment. This protologic is constructed through their organised and significative activity with the environment and it results in the elaboration of logico-mathematical and physical knowledge. Using Systematic Observation, we recorded the spontaneous activity of n=20 babies, (n=10 typical babies, n=10 Down Syndrome babies), with a cognitive developmental level of 1; 3 years (15 months). Microgenetical and statistical analyses were applied and the results obtained showed a reduced logical content and organization of the activity of Down's Syndrome babies, which corroborates and amplifies the results of previous research works. These results make evident the need to plan early educational intervention in order to optimize babies' developmental resources. PMID:17296084

    18. Nutritional Quality of Commercial Fruit Baby Food

      Microsoft Academic Search

      H. ?ížko Vá; R. Še; A. RAJCHl; M. Vold?

      Commercial fruit baby food is a preserved fruit product usually made with fruit purees, sugar, water and variable additives (thickening agents, antioxidants, etc.). As the foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, baby foods for infants and young children conforms to a set of strict guidelines e.g. maximum levels for pesticide residues, microbiological contamination, addition of additives, labelling, etc. However, being

    19. New birth weight reference standards customised to birth order and sex of babies from South India

      PubMed Central

      2013-01-01

      Background The foetal growth standards for Indian children which are available today suffer due to methodological problems. These are, for example, not adhering to the WHO recommendation to base gestational age on the number of completed weeks and secondly, not excluding mothers with risk factors. This study has addressed both the above issues and in addition provides birthweight reference ranges with regard to sex of the baby and maternal parity. Methods Data from the labour room register from 1996 to 2010 was obtained. A rotational sampling scheme was used i.e. the 12?months of the year were divided into 4 quadrants. All deliveries in January were considered to represent the first quadrant. Similarly all deliveries in April, July and October were considered to represent 2nd, 3rd and 4th quadrants. In each successive year different months were included in each quadrant. Only those mothers aged 20–39?years and delivered between 24 to 42?weeks gestational age were considered. Those mothers with obstetric risk factors were excluded. The reference standards were fitted using the Generalized Additive Models for Location Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) method for Box – Cox t distribution with cubic spline smoothing. Results There were 41,055 deliveries considered. When women with risk factors were excluded 19,501 deliveries could be included in the final analysis. The male babies of term firstborn were found to be 45?g heavier than female babies. The mean birthweights were 2934?g and 2889.5?g respectively. Similarly, among the preterm babies, the first born male babies weighed 152?g more than the female babies. The mean birthweights were 1996?g and 1844?g respectively. In the case of later born babies, the term male babies weighed 116grams more than the females. The mean birth weights were 3085 grams and 2969 grams respectively. When considering later born preterm babies, the males outweighed the female babies by 111 grams. The mean birthweights were 2089 grams and 1978 grams respectively. There was a substantial agreement range from k=.883, (p<.01) to k=.943, (p<.01) between adjusted and unadjusted percentile classification for the subgroups of male and female babies and first born and later born ones. Birth weight charts were adjusted for maternal height using regression methods. The birth weight charts for the first born and later born babies were regrouped into 4 categories, including male and female sexes of the babies. Reference ranges were acquired both for term and preterm babies. With economic reforms, one expects improvement in birthweights. The mean (sd) birthweights of the year 1996 was 2846 (562) as compared to year 2010 (15?years later) which was 2907 (571). There was only a difference of 61 grams in the mean birthweights over one and a half decade. Conclusion New standards are presented from a large number of deliveries over 15?years, customised to the maternal height, from a south Indian tertiary hospital. Reference ranges are made available separately for first born or later born babies, for male and female sexes and for term and preterm babies. PMID:23409828

    20. Children's Evaluations of Classroom Friend and Classroom Best Friend Relationships.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Meurling, Carl-Johan Nils; Ray, Glen E.; LoBello, Steven G.

      1999-01-01

      Examined second-, third-, fifth-, and sixth graders' evaluations of a classroom friend and a classroom best-friend relationship. Found that children rated a classroom best friend higher than a classroom friend on caring, help/guidance, companionship, intimacy, conflict resolution, and exclusivity. Older children distinguished more between friends

    1. The vector BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2012-07-02

      We investigate the relation between the BPS baby Skyrme model and its vector meson formulation, where the baby Skyrme term is replaced by a coupling between the topological current $B_\\mu$ and the vector meson field $\\omega_\\mu$. The vector model still possesses infinitely many symmetries leading to infinitely many conserved currents which stand behind its solvability. It turns out that the similarities and differences of the two models depend strongly on the specific form of the potential. We find, for instance, that compactons (which exist in the BPS baby Skyrme model) disappear from the spectrum of solutions of the vector counterpart. Specifically, for the vector model with the old baby Skyrme potential we find that it has compacton solutions only provided that a delta function source term effectively screening the topological charge is inserted at the compacton boundary. For the old baby Skyrme potential squared we find that the vector model supports exponentially localized solitons, like the BPS baby Skyrme model. These solitons, however, saturate a BPS bound which is a nonlinear function of the topological charge and, as a consequence, higher solitons are unstable w.r.t. decay into smaller ones, which is at variance with the more conventional situation (a linear BPS bound and stable solitons) in the BPS baby Skyrme model.

    2. Comparing hardware-and software-based baby trackers

      E-print Network

      Foster, Mary Ellen

      Comparing hardware- and software-based baby trackers Mary Ellen Foster School of Mathematical (b) Baby Connect Figure 1: Baby trackers Copyright is held by the author/owner(s). CHI'13, April 27 of a baby tracker such as the itzbeen [2] (Figure 1a) is to help track the repetitive, time-consuming tasks

    3. The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models L. T. St¸epie´n Abstract The Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for the gauged baby Skyrme models: restricted and full one equations, Bogomol'nyi equations, Bogomolny decomposition, baby Skyrme model 1 Introduction The baby Skyrme

    4. Babies, Television and Videos: How Did We Get Here?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Wartella, Ellen; Richert, Rebekah A.; Robb, Michael B.

      2010-01-01

      Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies' use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous role…

    5. Hospital financing and neonatal intensive care.

      PubMed Central

      Glied, S A; Gnanasekaran, S

      1996-01-01

      OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between hospital financing patterns and hospital resources for the care of babies born at low birthweight in New York City. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: Data on neonatal care beds in New York City hospitals for 1991, obtained from the Greater New York Hospital Association, which were matched to 1991 hospital-specific birthweight and payment distributions from the New York State Department of Health. STUDY DESIGN: Statistical analyses were used to assess the relationship between insurance and beds across all hospitals and across hospitals classified by ownership and teaching status. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: After adjusting for low birthweight and other measures of patient need and for hospital affiliation, the study finds that hospitals with more privately insured patients, especially those with more privately insured low-birthweight newborns, have statistically significantly more neonatal intensive care beds than do those with fewer such patients. This result persists within hospital affiliation categories. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that differences in the care received by privately insured, Medicaid insured, and uninsured low-birthweight babies may stem from differences in the resources available to the hospitals that treat these patients. PMID:8943992

    6. Friends' Discovery Camp

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Seymour, Seth

      2008-01-01

      This article features Friends' Discovery Camp, a program that allows children with and without autism spectrum disorder to learn and play together. In Friends' Discovery Camp, campers take part in sensory-rich experiences, ranging from hands-on activities and performing arts to science experiments and stories teaching social skills. Now in its 7th…

    7. Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard University

      Cancer.gov

      Brigham and Women's Hospital has established a multidisciplinary team in consortium with industry, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to address prostate cancer, the most common malignancy and third leading cause of cancer-related mortality in American men. Due to the ageing "baby boomers", the number of men with localized prostate cancer will increase, as will the need for an accurate non-invasive imaging tool. Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging has the ability to deliver precise anatomical mapping of tumor.

    8. 'Fracking' Linked to Low Birth Weight Babies

      MedlinePLUS

      ... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_152894.html 'Fracking' Linked to Low Birth Weight Babies Pregnant women ... rates. High-volume hydraulic fracturing -- also known as "fracking" -- allows access to large amounts of natural gas ...

    9. Having Healthy Babies: The Science Inside

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Healthy People Library Project

      2003-01-01

      This book summarizes what health professionals know about pregnancy, healthy babies and mothers. Supported byScience Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the National Center for Research Resources Grant # 5R25RR15601

    10. Your Baby's Development: The First Trimester

      MedlinePLUS

      ... During this stage, the baby is called an embryo. What changes occur during the embryonic stage? During ... parts begin to develop. The cells of the embryo (called embryonic stem cells) multiply and change into ...

    11. Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Kicks Count! New Moms & Dads Tips Bedtime Basics Baby Products Grieving Families Programs Get Involved Legacy Program First Birthday Parties Events Blog Buy From Our Store Blog About Grieving Families Surviving ...

    12. Protect Babies from Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Emails CDC Features Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... few even die from the disease. Understanding Whooping Cough Vaccines: DTaP and Tdap There are two vaccines ...

    13. When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Cleft Lip and Palate Genetic Counseling Genetic Testing Gene Therapy and Children When Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome Spina Bifida Birth Defects Down Syndrome Cleft Lip ...

    14. How mothers keep their babies warm.

      PubMed Central

      Bacon, C J; Bell, S A; Clulow, E E; Beattie, A B

      1991-01-01

      Details of room temperature, clothing, and bedding used by night and by day and in winter and in summer were recorded for 649 babies aged 8 to 26 weeks. Room temperature at night was significantly related to outside temperature and duration of heating. Total insulation was significantly related to outside temperature and to minimum room temperature, but there was wide variation in insulation at the same room temperature. High levels of insulation for a given room temperature were found particularly at night and in winter, and were associated with the use of thick or doubled duvets and with swaddling. At least half the babies threw off some or all of their bedding at night, and at least a quarter sweated. Younger mothers and mothers in the lower social groups put more bedclothes over their babies, and the latter also kept their rooms warmer. Many mothers kept their babies warmer during infections. PMID:2039255

    15. Protect Yourself and Your Baby from Dengue

      MedlinePLUS

      Avoid mosquito bites during pregnancy to prevent dengue in your newborn baby • Dengue is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes • A pregnant woman infected with dengue virus may ...

    16. Preparing Your Family for a New Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... child for a new sibling include Look at picture books about a new baby . At the very ... if he starts asking about mom's growing "stomach." Picture books for preschoolers can be very helpful. So ...

    17. Will Stress during Pregnancy Affect My Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... provider during your prenatal visits. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Pregnancy PTSD is a more serious type of stress that can negatively affect your baby. PTSD occurs when you have problems after seeing or ...

    18. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Domrin, Andrei; Lechtenfeld, Olaf; Linares, Román; Maceda, Marco

      2013-11-01

      The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

    19. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Domrin, Andrei; Linares, Roman; Maceda, Marco

      2013-01-01

      The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

    20. Hospitality in hospitals?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Denver Severt; Taryn Aiello; Shannon Elswick; Cheryl Cyr

      2008-01-01

      Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore an organization-wide philosophy of hospitality in a hospital setting. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An exploratory case study method approach matched the research purpose. First, a hospitality centric philosophy (HCP) was defined from the literature review. Next, a triangulation of unstructured visits, structured visits and key informant interviews is used to further explore

    1. How Post-Traumatic Stress Affects Mothers' Perceptions of Their Babies: A Brief Video Feedback Intervention Makes a Difference

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Schechter, Daniel S.

      2004-01-01

      This article summarizes the scant existing research on the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on mothers and their babies during the peripartum period and describes a pilot research project within the Infant-Family Service (IFS) at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital, an outpatient mental health service for inner-city families with…

    2. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Is your baby starting any solid foods? ( ) ( ) Is your baby feeding well? ( ) ( ) Is your baby stooling comfortably? ( ) ( ) If breastfed, is your baby getting a daily vitamin? ( ) ( ) Social

    3. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Is your baby being breastfed exclusively? ( ) ( ) Is your baby feeding well? ( ) ( ) How often is your baby feeding? How long/How many ounces? Is your baby stooling comfortably

    4. Taking babies' temperatures: science versus social taboos in battle over Baby Check

      Microsoft Academic Search

      S Handysides

      1993-01-01

      Baby Check, a scoring system for assessing the severity of illness in babies under 6 months old, has not met with the success its developers expected. The inclusion of rectal temperature in the assessment was strongly opposed by the Royal College of Midwives, which refused to alter its view despite evidence of the safety and accuracy of rectal thermometry. British

    5. Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

      2012-01-01

      We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate "Babies,"…

    6. Evaluation of growth in very low birth weight preterm babies

      PubMed Central

      Ye?inel, Serdar; Aldemir, Esin Y?ld?z; Kavuncuo?lu, Sultan; Ye?inel, Seda; Y?ld?z, Hayrettin

      2014-01-01

      Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate physical growth of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm babies at a mean age of three years and to investigate the factors which affected growth. Material and Methods: The factors including maternal problems, prenatal problems, early neonatal problems, nutrition, familial socioeconomical status and presence of chronic disease which affected catch-up growth in terms of height and weight in VLBW infants followed up in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of our hospital were examined. The target height formula was used in assessment of growht in height and the contribution of genetic properties was investigated. The points of the subjects on the growth curve were plotted according to the Percentile Curve of the Turkish Children prepared by Neyzi et al. The states of the subjects with and without intrauterine growth retardation (were compared. The study was intitiated after obtaining approval from the ethics committeee of our hospital (100/25.10.2005). Results: One hundred and seventeen preterm babies (57 females and 60 males) with a mean adjusted age of 35.8±2.39 80 of whom were appropriate for gestational age (AGA), 28 of whom were symmetrical (small gestational age) SGA and 9 of whom were asymmetrical SGA were included in the study. The mean gestational age (GA) was found to be 31±2.16 weeks and the mean birth weight (BW) was found to be 1271±226 g. The mean current height was found to be 92.06±4.90 cm. The mean weight was found to be 12.98±1.94 kg. The mean target height was calculated to be 163.66±8.1 cm (157.20 cm for the girls and 170.20 cm for the boys). It was found that 15 preterm babies (12.8%) could not achieve the target height (girls: 6%, boys: 6.8%). The risk factors related with failure to achieve target height were found to include ventilator treatment, presence of chronic disease, advanced stage intracranial bleeding (ICB), posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus, absence of breastfeeding, failure to sit at the table with the family and malnutrition. The maternal age, early rupture of membranes (PROM), preeclampsia, smoking, early neonatal problems, gender, being AGA and SGA, gestational age, birth weight and socioeconomical level were statistically insignificant in terms of achieving target height (p>0.05). Conclusions: If very low birth weight preterm babies have no chronic disease and condition leading to neurodevelopmental retardation and if they are breastfed early and continuously (0–24 months), they can achieve catch-up growth similar to term babies. In examination of growth in terms of height, using target height may be more appropriate to shown the genetic potential.

    7. BabySQUID: A mobile, high-resolution multichannel magnetoencephalography system for neonatal brain assessment

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Okada, Yoshio; Pratt, Kevin; Atwood, Christopher; Mascarenas, Anthony; Reineman, Richard; Nurminen, Jussi; Paulson, Douglas

      2006-02-01

      We developed a prototype of a mobile, high-resolution, multichannel magnetoencephalography (MEG) system, called babySQUID, for assessing brain functions in newborns and infants. Unlike electroencephalography, MEG signals are not distorted by the scalp or the fontanels and sutures in the skull. Thus, brain activity can be measured and localized with MEG as if the sensors were above an exposed brain. The babySQUID is housed in a moveable cart small enough to be transported from one room to another. To assess brain functions, one places the baby on the bed of the cart and the head on its headrest with MEG sensors just below. The sensor array consists of 76 first-order axial gradiometers, each with a pickup coil diameter of 6mm and a baseline of 30mm, in a high-density array with a spacing of 12-14mm center-to-center. The pickup coils are 6±1mm below the outer surface of the headrest. The short gap provides unprecedented sensitivity since the scalp and skull are thin (as little as 3-4mm altogether) in babies. In an electromagnetically unshielded room in a hospital, the field sensitivity at 1kHz was ˜17fT/?Hz. The noise was reduced from ˜400to200fT/?Hz at 1Hz using a reference cancellation technique and further to ˜40fT/?Hz using a gradient common mode rejection technique. Although the residual environmental magnetic noise interfered with the operation of the babySQUID, the instrument functioned sufficiently well to detect spontaneous brain signals from babies with a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of as much as 7.6:1. In a magnetically shielded room, the field sensitivity was 17fT/?Hz at 20Hz and 30fT/?Hz at 1Hz without implementation of reference or gradient cancellation. The sensitivity was sufficiently high to detect spontaneous brain activity from a 7month old baby with a SNR as much as 40:1 and evoked somatosensory responses with a 50Hz bandwidth after as little as four averages. We expect that both the noise and the sensor gap can be reduced further by approximately half with a gain in SNR of about four. Thus, we conclude from the performance of the prototype that it should be feasible to improve the babySQUID to detect cortical activity in infants in real time with high spatial resolution.

    8. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ashcroft, Jennifer; Haberichter, Mareike; Krusch, Steffen

      2015-05-01

      We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as the standard baby Skyrme model must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons while at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

    9. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

      E-print Network

      Ashcroft, Jennifer; Krusch, Steffen

      2015-01-01

      We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as all currently known baby Skyrme models must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons whilst at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

    10. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

      E-print Network

      Jennifer Ashcroft; Mareike Haberichter; Steffen Krusch

      2015-05-29

      We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as the standard baby Skyrme model must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons while at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

    11. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies

      MedlinePLUS

      ... can be prevented by vaccination. Who recommends that all babies get hepatitis B vaccination at birth? Medical ... B virus. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies. Hepatitis B Vaccine Helps Protect Your ...

    12. N=1 supersymmetric extension of the baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; J. M. Queiruga; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2011-05-05

      We construct a method to supersymmetrize higher kinetic terms and apply it to the baby Skyrme model. We find that there exist N=1 supersymmetric extensions for baby Skyrme models with arbitrary potential.

    13. When Your Baby's in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Continue Questions to Ask the Neonatologist or the Nurses To better help you help your baby during ... have questions, talk to the neonatologist or the nurses. The nurses see your baby every day, so ...

    14. When Your Baby Is Born with a Health Problem

      MedlinePLUS

      When Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem KidsHealth > Parents > Diseases & Conditions > Genetic, Chromosomal & Metabolic Conditions > When Your Baby Is Born With a Health Problem Print A A A Text Size ...

    15. Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea? KidsHealth > Parents > Pregnancy & Newborn Center > Q&As > Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea? Print ...

    16. Healthy birth practice #3: bring a loved one, friend, or doula for continuous support.

      PubMed

      Green, Jeanne; Hotelling, Barbara A

      2014-01-01

      All women should be allowed and encouraged to bring a loved one, friend, or doula to their birth without financial or cultural barriers. Continuous labor support offers benefits to mothers and their babies with no known harm. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the "Lamaze International Care Practices that Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #3: Continuous Labor Support," published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411539

    17. Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons

      SciTech Connect

      Foster, David; Sutcliffe, Paul [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

      2009-06-15

      Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by {omega} mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model including a Skyrme term. We find that multisolitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

    18. Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons

      E-print Network

      David Foster; Paul Sutcliffe

      2009-01-23

      Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by omega mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) sigma-model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) sigma-model including a Skyrme term. We find that multi-solitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

    19. Hexagonal Structure of Baby Skyrmion Lattices

      E-print Network

      Hen, Itay

      2007-01-01

      We study the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby Skyrmions by applying a full-field numerical minimization algorithm to baby Skyrmions placed inside different parallelogramic unit-cells and imposing periodic boundary conditions. We find that within this setup, the minimal energy is obtained for the hexagonal lattice, and that in the resulting configuration the Skyrmion splits into quarter-Skyrmions. In particular, we find that the energy in the hexagonal case is lower than the one obtained on the well-known rectangular lattice, in which splitting into half-Skyrmions is observed.

    20. Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models

      E-print Network

      Marek Karliner; Itay Hen

      2009-01-12

      We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions -- breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the appearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance of spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in rotating baby skyrmions.

    1. The existence of Bogomolny decomposition for baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      ?. T. St?pie?

      2012-04-27

      We derive the Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for: full baby Skyrme model and for its restricted version (so called, pure baby Skyrme model), in (2+0) dimensions, by using so called, concept of strong necessary conditions. It turns out that Bogomolny decomposition can be derived for restricted baby Skyrme model for arbitrary form of the potential term, while for full baby Skyrme model, such derivation is possible only for some class of the potentials.

    2. Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models

      E-print Network

      Karliner, Marek

      2009-01-01

      We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions -- breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the appearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance of spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in rotating baby skyrmions.

    3. Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

      2012-01-01

      Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being infused…

    4. Marketing the Leisure Experience to Baby Boomers and Older Tourists

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Ian Patterson; Shane Pegg

      2009-01-01

      Tourism is big business, especially for the increasing numbers of baby boomers who are becoming increasingly targeted by marketers and travel companies as a growing market. This is because many baby boomers are healthier, financially well off, better educated and have a greater desire for novelty, escape and authentic experiences than previous cohorts of retirees. The baby boomer generation is

    5. Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two

    6. Baby Robot "YOTARO" Hiroki Kunimura, Chiyoko Ono, Madoka Hirai2

      E-print Network

      Boyer, Edmond

      Baby Robot "YOTARO" Hiroki Kunimura¹, Chiyoko Ono¹, Madoka Hirai2 Masatada Muramoto¹, Wagner_tori@mbb.nifty.ne.jp, jhoshino@esys.tsukuba.ac.jp, Abstract. YOTARO is a baby-type robot developed to create a new communication perspective between robots and humans through interaction experience based on the reproduction of a baby

    7. Baby Lip-Readers Center of Attention in FAU Study

      E-print Network

      Belogay, Eugene A.

      Baby Lip-Readers Center of Attention in FAU Study New findings suggest earlier way to detect autism to talk by listening and looking at his mother. "Around 6 months of age, when babies begin to babble University professor David Lewkowicz said. At FAU's Baby Lab, researchers studied more than 200 infants

    8. Baby Modula3 and a theory of objects

      E-print Network

      Abadi, Martín

      95 Baby Modula­3 and a theory of objects Mart'in Abadi February 2, 1993; revised December 2, 1992 d semantics of types 31 5 Related work 33 Acknowledgments 34 References 35 References 35 #12; 1 Baby Modula­3 and a theory of objects Mart'in Abadi Abstract Baby Modula­3 is a small, functional, object

    9. Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      Maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster U. Meierfrankenfeld and S. Shpectorov September 6, 2002 Abstract The lists of the maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups in the Atlas are complete. 1 Introduction The Monster and the Baby Monster are the two largest

    10. PhDstudentinvestigatesimpact of baby boomers' retirement InsideyourChronicle

      E-print Network

      Hickman, Mark

      1 PhDstudentinvestigatesimpact of baby boomers' retirement InsideyourChronicle 2. Fees set for 2010 the challenge the baby boomers' retirement poses for many organisations. Psychology PhD student Annette Dunham at the impact the upcoming retirement of the baby boomer generation (born 1946 to 1964) will have on knowledge

    11. Infants & Toddlers: How Babies Use Gestures to Communicate

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2004-01-01

      Evolution has provided babies with wonderful ways to get the loving attention and care that they need from adults. When a baby is distressed, his cry is the most primitive and powerful tool for bringing help. By the time a baby is 2 or 3 months old, his dazzling smile and crooked grin evokes tenderness, smiles, and nurturance from adults who are…

    12. Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

      Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

    13. Sensing danger in baby cribs Programmed to treat autism

      E-print Network

      Chiao, Jung-Chih

      cause of death. "Our sensors let you know if the baby is breathing normally without the wires on a sensor to detect abnormal breathing patterns in sleeping babies. TMAC, formerly the Texas Manufacturing for detecting carbon dioxide, which people breathe out.' The sensors could be mounted around the baby to let

    14. Healthy Birth Practice #6: Keep Mother and Baby Together- It's Best for Mother, Baby, and Breastfeeding.

      PubMed

      Crenshaw, Jeannette T

      2014-01-01

      Mothers and babies have a physiologic need to be together at the moment of birth and during the hours and days that follow. Keeping mothers and babies together is a safe and healthy birth practice. Evidence supports immediate, uninterrupted skin-to-skin care after vaginal birth and during and after cesarean surgery for all stable mothers and babies, regardless of feeding preference. Unlimited opportunities for skin-to-skin care and breastfeeding promote optimal maternal and child outcomes. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the "Lamaze International Care Practices That Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #6: No Separation of Mother and Baby, With Unlimited Opportunities for Breastfeeding," published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411542

    15. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... (5) The corn may be imported in commercial consignments only. (b) Immature “baby” carrots (Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus ) for consumption measuring 10 to 18 millimeters (0.39 to 0.71 inches) in diameter and 50 to 105...

    16. 75 FR 81765 - Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Final Rule

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-28

      ...cribs, cradles, car beds, baby baskets, and bassinets are excluded...survey conducted by the American Baby Group, CPSC staff estimates...underestimate if new mothers buy more than one crib.) CPSC staff...cribs, cradles, car beds, baby baskets, or bassinets....

    17. With Babies and Banners: Illustrated Historical Booklet.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Goldfarb, Lyn; Gray, Lorraine

      Background reading materials are provided in this booklet developed to be used in conjunction with the award winning color documentary film "With Babies and Banners." The film records the role that the women of Flint, Michigan, played in the great General Motors sit-down strike of 1937. The readings are suitable for college audiences and for…

    18. There's a Baby in My Stomach!

      E-print Network

      Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

      2006-11-22

      . The badges--which come in pink and blue--read "There's a baby in my stomach" and are designed to let other riders know when a woman is pregnant . One might well conclude that, if your average Japanese cannot spot an expectant mother a mile off, it might just...

    19. Artificial baby milks: how safe is soya?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Tessa Martyn

      2003-01-01

      UK toxicology experts have recently confirmed concerns over the potential health risks of soya- based artificial baby milks. This may come as news to many - especially health professionals who freely recommend it, or parents who can buy it off the shelves (no questions asked) believing it to be a healthy option. Soya is generally viewed as a healthy food,

    20. The Baby Boom, Housing and Loanable Funds

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Joyce Manchester

      1989-01-01

      This paper examines baby boom effects in a simple three-period overlapping generations model in which equilibrium must be maintained in the housing market, as well as in the loanable funds market. All agents must buy a house financed by an adjustable-rate mortgage in the first period. Expectations regarding the path of interest rates and the price of housing play a

    1. Especially for Teens: Having a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... You should avoid things that could harm your baby, such as alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs. You also need to talk to your health care provider about any prescription drugs you are taking as well as drugs you can buy without a prescription, like vitamins and pain relievers. • ...

    2. Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's

      MedlinePLUS

      ... as the mother reduces the risk of SIDS. Buy a device that looks like a bassinet or play yard with one side that is lower, which attaches to your bed to allow you to be next to your baby without the possibility of rolling over onto your ...

    3. Toys to make for babies and toddlers

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Elizabeth A. Hasson

      1984-01-01

      Why buy commercial toys when they can be easily made? As you know, very young children will often bypass expensive toys and play with spoons, lids, or even boxes and cans. You can have fun making toys for babies and toddlers from readily obtained materials.

    4. On Constructing Baby Universes and Black Holes

      E-print Network

      Tanmay Vachaspati

      2007-05-15

      The creation of spacetimes with horizons is discussed, focussing on baby universes and black holes as examples. There is a complex interplay of quantum theory and General Relativity in both cases, leading to consequences for the future of the universe and the information loss paradox, and to a deeper understanding of quantum gravity.

    5. Reconsideration of the Coleman's Baby Universe

      E-print Network

      Kiyoharu Kawana

      2015-06-17

      We reconsider the Coleman's mechanism that solves the Cosmological Constant Problem by the baby universes. We use the Lorentzian path integral and allow each universe has a different effective field theory and a vacuum. By using the probability distribution of coupling constants, it is shown that the cosmological constant of our universe does not necessary become small due to the effects of other universes.

    6. Babies Bottom Out--A 'Maybe Boom'

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Science News, 1977

      1977-01-01

      Data for the period September 1976 through April 1977 indicate a rise in the United States birth rate; however, the rate is still below the replacement level. It is speculated that the increase is an "echo" effect to the post-World War II baby boom which peaked in 1957. (SL)

    7. When Baby Maisy came to school

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Michelle D Leichtman; David B Pillemer; Qi Wang; Aashiyana Koreishi; Jessica Jungsook Han

      2000-01-01

      Fifteen 4–5-year-old children experienced a surprise event in their classroom — the visit of their former teacher and her new baby. The same day, children were interviewed about the event by their mothers, who had not been present and were naive to details. Mothers questioned their children in whatever way they wished. Three weeks later, children were interviewed by a

    8. Translational Medicine: Bench Research & Baby Brain

      E-print Network

      Napp, Nils

      Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Born 2-4 months early #12;Neonatal Intensive Care · MechanicalTranslational Medicine: Bench Research & Baby Brain Development to Clinical Care Ruth Eckstein RESEARCH CLINICAL RESEARCH HEALTH CARE MISSION To promote human health by providing a forum

    9. A Boom in Baby-Boom Marketing?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Aldrich, Daniel G. III

      1994-01-01

      Reasons and techniques for encouraging planned giving among baby-boomers are outlined, and one approach is detailed. This involves recruiting a volunteer financial services team of alumni to host financial presentations for fellow alumni in their local areas, and developing a newsletter for the target alumni population. The fund-raising program at…

    10. How mothers keep their babies warm

      Microsoft Academic Search

      C J Bacon; S A Bell; E E Clulow; A B Beattie

      1991-01-01

      Details of room temperature, clothing, and bedding used by night and by day and in winter and in summer were recorded for 649 babies aged 8 to 26 weeks. Room temperature at night was significantly related to outside temperature and duration of heating. Total insulation was significantly related to outside temperature and to minimum room temperature, but there was wide

    11. A microfluidic "baby machine" for cell synchronization.

      PubMed

      Shaw, Josephine; Payer, Kristofor; Son, Sungmin; Grover, William H; Manalis, Scott R

      2012-08-01

      Common techniques used to synchronize eukaryotic cells in the cell cycle often impose metabolic stress on the cells or physically select for size rather than age. To address these deficiencies, a minimally perturbing method known as the "baby machine" was developed previously. In the technique, suspension cells are attached to a membrane, and as the cells divide, the newborn cells are eluted to produce a synchronous population of cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. However, the existing "baby machine" is only suitable for cells which can be chemically attached to a surface. Here, we present a microfluidic "baby machine" in which cells are held onto a surface by pressure differences rather than chemical attachment. As a result, our method can in principle be used to synchronize a variety of cell types, including cells which may have weak or unknown surface attachment chemistries. We validate our microfluidic "baby machine" by using it to produce a synchronous population of newborn L1210 mouse lymphocytic leukemia cells in G1 phase. PMID:22627487

    12. Benzocaine and Babies: Not a Good Mix

      MedlinePLUS

      ... The Straight Poop on Kids and Diarrhea Post-Surgery Codeine Puts Kids at Risk Five Tips for New Moms Do Teething Babies Need Medicine on Their Gums? No More in Consumer Updates Animal & Veterinary Children's Health Cosmetics Dietary Supplements Drugs Food Medical Devices Nutrition Radiation- ...

    13. Evaluation of products for treating babies' napkins.

      PubMed Central

      Gaya, H.; Thirlwall, J.; Shaw, E. J.; Hassam, Z.

      1979-01-01

      A test is described for assessing the sanitizing effect of napkin treatment products on naturally urine-wetted and faecally-contaminated napkins. This test defines in-use conditions which closely resemble typical domestic situations. One napkin treatment product ('Napisan'), tested at two different concentrations and with challenges of different numbers of babies' napkins, performed satisfactorily under the conditions used. PMID:448064

    14. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. It has no bumpers, pillows

    15. Why Your Friends Have More Friends Than You Do

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Scott L. Feld

      1991-01-01

      \\\\textless}p{\\\\textgreater}It} is reasonable to suppose that individuals use the number of firends that their friends have as one basis for determining whether they, themselves, have an adequate number of friends. This article shows that, if individuals compare themselves with their friends, it is likely that most of them will feel relatively inadequate. Data on friendship drawn from James Coleman's (1961)

    16. Babies Look and Learn: A Guide for Parents.

      E-print Network

      Anonymous,

      1979-01-01

      , College Station, Texas 8-1232 Give baby things to look at to help him learn Hang a toy where baby can see it To make a hanging toy Crush bright colored paper into a ball Sew a thread through it Hang it from a stick or clot hes hanger Lay... baby on his back \\ so he can see 1 Hang pictures on the wall where baby can see them You may cut a picture from a magazine or . hang the pictures children bring home from school. Give baby something to look at and reach for. Tie a...

    17. Nonverbal Communication in "Friends"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Chang, Yanrong

      2006-01-01

      This activity uses video clips from a popular sitcom, "Friends," to help students grasp the relational, rule-governed, and culture-specific nature of nonverbal communication. It opens students' eyes to nonverbal behaviors that are happening on a daily basis so that they not only master the knowledge but are able to apply it. While other popular…

    18. Cyber Friendly Fire

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Frank L. Greitzer; Thomas E. Carroll; Adam D. Roberts

      2011-01-01

      Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF

    19. Christmas 2009 Dear Friends,

      E-print Network

      Styer, Robert

      , so he gained some #12;leadership training this year. He completed his Eagle. Joe's cell phone for Joe, such as the firecracker hug, the droopy hug, and the cow hug. The cow hug is nondescript; for his of friends. He still reads a lot, and enjoys a multitude of computer games. Joe is a senior and says he has

    20. The Magazine for Alumni & Friends

      E-print Network

      Illinois at Chicago, University of

      The Magazine for Alumni & Friends of the College of Business Administration at the University of Illinois at Chicago The Magazine for Alumni & Friends of the College of Business Administration at the University of Illinois at Chicago The Magazine for Alumni & Friends of the College of Business Administration

    1. Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents

      E-print Network

      Minnesota, University of

      Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents Improving the way of Transportation Paula Hammond Chief of Staff #12;Reader-Friendly Environmental Documents What's the problem? "Documents are much too cumbersome for either the public or decision-makers to identify relevant issues

    2. Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)

      PubMed Central

      2010-01-01

      Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981

    3. Environmentally friendly polysilane photoresists

      SciTech Connect

      Beach, J.V.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hsiao, Yu-Ling; Waymouth, R.M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

      1995-12-31

      Several novel polysilanes synthesized by the free-radical hydrosilation of oligomeric polyphenylsilane or poly(p-tert- butylphenylsilane) were examined for lithographic behavior. This recently developed route into substituted polysilanes has allowed for the rational design of a variety of polysilanes with a typical chemical properties such as alcohol and aqueous base solubility. Many of the polysilane resists made could be developed in aqueous sodium carbonate and bicarbonate solutions. These materials represent environmentally friendly polysilane resists in both their synthesis and processing.

    4. Rotational symmetry breaking in baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      Itay Hen; Marek Karliner

      2007-10-21

      We consider multisolitons with charges 1 =baby Skyrme model for the one-parametric family of potentials U=\\mu^2 (1-\\phi_3)^s with 0baby Skyrme models. We find that for charge one, stable solutions exist for every value of s and they are rotationally-symmetric. For higher charges, stable solutions exist only below s \\approx 2. In the charge-two sector the stable solutions are always rotationally-symmetric and ring-like. For charge three and above, rotational symmetry is exhibited only in the small s region; above a certain critical value of s, this symmetry is broken and a strong repulsion between the constituent one-Skyrmions becomes apparent. We also compute the spatial energy distributions of these solutions.

    5. Please designate my gift(s) to a Club Sport Friends Groups: Friends of Club Aikido ___

      E-print Network

      Bou-Zeid, Elie

      Please designate my gift(s) to a Club Sport Friends Groups: Friends of Club Aikido ___ Friends ___ Friends of Club Men's Soccer ___ Friends of Club Women's Soccer ___ Friends of Club Sports ___ Friends ___ __ Enclosed is my check payable to Princeton University Credit Card Gift Name on Card: Credit Card type

    6. Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?

      PubMed Central

      Bronfin, Daniel R.

      2001-01-01

      A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21765737

    7. Preparing kids for the new baby.

      PubMed

      Storr, G B; Robinson, P

      1998-03-01

      Sibling prenatal classes are a natural extension of nursing's interest and expertise in childbirth preparation for expectant couples. From parents' perspective, these classes have the potential to decrease sibling rivalry and facilitate parental coping with older children's concerns about a new baby. From a nurse educator's perspective, sibling prenatal classes offer a rich learning experience for students by providing an opportunity to integrate knowledge about pregnancy and birth with communication skills and child development knowledge. PMID:9633319

    8. Baby Names, Visualization, and Social Data Analysis

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Martin Wattenberg

      2005-01-01

      The NameVoyager, a web-based visualization of historical trends in baby naming, has proven remarkably popular. This paper discusses the display techniques used for smooth visual exploration of thousands of time series and the application's simple keyboard-based mechanism for filtering the view. We also describe design decisions behind the application and lessons learned in creating an application that makes do-it-yourself data

    9. The physical manifestations of shaken baby syndrome.

      PubMed

      Mraz, Megan A

      2009-01-01

      Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a great concern for forensic nurses. Accurate diagnosis and treatment is essential. The purpose of this report is to review the history of SBS, as well as the physical symptoms of a patient suspected of suffering from this form of abuse. Implications of SBS for the forensic nurse will be presented; this will include the education of families and caregivers and methods of prevention. PMID:19222686

    10. The gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2012-07-09

      The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. In the limit where the term quadratic in derivatives (the "sigma model term") vanishes some additional structure emerges. The resulting ("extreme" or "restricted" or "BPS") baby Skyrme model has exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this restricted model. Further, the restricted model has infinitely many symmetries and infinitely many conservation laws. Here we consider the gauged version of the restricted baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term for the gauge field. We find that, again, there exists a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. We further find that the whole problem is essentially determined by a new kind of superpotential equation. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a solution which exists globally, i.e., on the whole target space. We also calculate soliton solutions both exactly and numerically, completely confirming our qualitative analytical results.

    11. Shaken baby syndrome: identification, intervention, and prevention.

      PubMed

      Wyszynski, M E

      1999-09-01

      More than 1 million children are severely abused annually. Shaken baby syndrome (SBS), one example of physical abuse, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. There is a national annual incidence in the United States of 750 to 3,750 cases of SBS. Shaken baby syndrome is defined as vigorous manual shaking of an infant who is being held by the extremities or shoulders, leading to whiplash-induced intracranial and intraocular bleeding with no external signs of head trauma. Shaken baby syndrome should be suspected in infants with a wide spectrum of clinical signs and symptoms. The classic findings of SBS are retinal hemorrhages, usually bilateral, and intracranial injury. One third of the victims of SBS survive with few or no sequelae, one third suffer permanent injury, and one third die. Parental behaviors, environmental factors, and child characteristics all may contribute to a shaking event. The nurse practitioner, in a wide variety of clinical settings, is in a strategic position for the early identification and intervention for families at risk for SBS. Prevention through parent, caregiver, and community-wide education programs is the only option for infants who are at risk for SBS. PMID:10763623

    12. Risks associated with obesity in pregnancy, for the mother and baby: a systematic review of reviews.

      PubMed

      Marchi, J; Berg, M; Dencker, A; Olander, E K; Begley, C

      2015-08-01

      Maternal obesity is linked with adverse outcomes for mothers and babies. To get an overview of risks related to obesity in pregnant women, a systematic review of reviews was conducted. For inclusion, reviews had to compare pregnant women of healthy weight with women with obesity, and measure a health outcome for mother and/or baby. Authors conducted full-text screening, quality assurance using the AMSTAR tool and data extraction steps in pairs. Narrative analysis of the 22 reviews included show gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension, depression, instrumental and caesarean birth, and surgical site infection to be more likely to occur in pregnant women with obesity compared with women with a healthy weight. Maternal obesity is also linked to greater risk of preterm birth, large-for-gestational-age babies, foetal defects, congenital anomalies and perinatal death. Furthermore, breastfeeding initiation rates are lower and there is greater risk of early breastfeeding cessation in women with obesity compared with healthy weight women. These adverse outcomes may result in longer duration of hospital stay, with concomitant resource implications. It is crucial to reduce the burden of adverse maternal and foetal/child outcomes caused by maternal obesity. Women with obesity need support to lose weight before they conceive, and to minimize their weight gain in pregnancy. PMID:26016557

    13. A Newborn Baby Care Support App and System for mHealth.

      PubMed

      Kuo, Ming-Chuan; Lu, Yen-Chiao; Chang, Polun

      2012-01-01

      This study was to develop a usability-engineered mhealth application for a mother with new-born baby and to evaluate its acceptance. Baby's Health Handbook and hospital consultation service records were analyzed to design the contents of app. Special interface design principles were used for enhancing usability. App data were transmitted to an Excel-based server for management. Systems were evaluated in a 800-bed medical center in Taiwan with a questionnaire designed based on the Technology Acceptance Model for Mobile Service. 64 post-partum women were invited to use and evaluate the system and services at the next day after babies were delivered. The evaluation results indicated an overall satisfying perception with an average of 3.98(SD=0.71). The subjects perceived the system meeting their expectations, needs and the majority were willing to pay for service up to $6 per month. The mhealth appears having a great potential as an important health service model. PMID:24199091

    14. Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers

      Microsoft Academic Search

      V P Bhatia; G P Katiyar; K N Agarwal; T K Das; P K Dey

      1980-01-01

      Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

    15. magazine.nursing.jhu.edu 01 News from The Johns Hopkins Hospital

      E-print Network

      Connor, Ed

      magazine.nursing.jhu.edu 01 News from The Johns Hopkins Hospital VOLUME XII, ISSUE I | SPRING 2014 MAGAZINE.NURSING.JHU.EDU The Alcohol Question What caregivers don't know could hurt aging baby boomers' Alumni Association, and the nursing departments of the Johns Hopkins-affiliated hospitals #12;magazine

    16. Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

      MedlinePLUS

      ... ????) French (français) Hindi (??????) Japanese (???) Korean (???) Russian (???????) Somali (af Soomaali) Spanish (español) ... ???????????? - ??? (Japanese) Bilingual PDF Health Information Translations Korean (???) Choosing a Doctor for Your Baby ??? ...

    17. The Development of Embodied Cognition: Six Lessons from Babies

      E-print Network

      Gasser, Michael

      and inventive intelligence that characterizes humankind. Keywords: development, cognition, language, embodiment intelligence that characterizes humankind. In preview, the six lessons are these: 1. Babies experience

    18. Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women

      E-print Network

      Carrington, Emily

      Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema (``Kindchen- schema'') as a set of infantile physical features, regardless of kinship. caregiving functional MRI social cognition infant accumbens Ethologist Konrad Lorenz

    19. Baby CareLink: development and implementation of a WWW-based system for neonatal home telemedicine.

      PubMed Central

      Gray, J.; Pompilio-Weitzner, G.; Jones, P. C.; Wang, Q.; Coriat, M.; Safran, C.

      1998-01-01

      Baby CareLink is a multifaceted telemedicine application designed to provide individualized information and support to families of Very Low Birth Weight infants. We believe that this innovative use of WWW and telemedicine technologies will improve family satisfaction and clinical care. In conjunction with improvements in family involvement, discharge planning, education, and follow-up enabled by other CareLink components, this system may allow infants to transition home even earlier in their hospital stay and thereby provide a clear cost savings. This paper discusses the CareLink architecture and lessons learned in implementing a telemedicine link with families at home from an in-hospital clinical unit. PMID:9929240

    20. A paediatrician's view of the newborn baby and its epidermis.

      PubMed

      Stroud, C E

      1982-01-01

      Almost all babies born in the United Kingdom are born in hospital and with the continuing improvements in neonatal care more survive than ever before, particularly those of very low birth weight. The use of the manipulative and invasive procedures so necessary to monitor and assist their healthy development often result, however, in skin problems arising from intolerance of adhesives, perforating wounds, cleansing solutions, etc. In the older newborn infant, the main skin problems of the anal and neck regions, in particular, are usually associated with artificial milk feeding and inadequate drying of the skin. Many of the skin rashes seen in the newborn, although worrying, are of no consequence, but all those which are petechial or due to microbial infection require prompt investigation and adequate treatment. Despite the advances of recent years, there is still need for further research into procedures and products to ensure that the infant's protective yet delicate covering is disturbed as little as possible and kept in a healthy condition. PMID:7105807

    1. Perceptions of Baby Talk, Frequency of Receiving Baby Talk, and Self-Esteem Among Community and Nursing Home Residents

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Brian P. O’Connor; Holly Rigby

      1996-01-01

      Community-living seniors (n = 113) and nursing home residents (n = 43) provided their impressions of baby-talk and neutral-talk scenarios and completed measures of functional health, need for succorance, and self-esteem. Two orthogonal dimensions were found in perceptions of baby talk: Warmth and Superiority. The personality trait of need for succorance was consistently associated with perceptions of warmth in baby

    2. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Has your baby started drinking from a cup? ( ) ( ) Does she/he eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, cereals? ( ) ( ) Does she/he eat any finger foods? ( ) ( ) Is your baby stooling comfortably

    3. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Perinatal Issues (if this is 1st visit) Yes No Was your baby born on time? ( ) ( ) Number of weeks pregnant, diabetes, abnormal ultrasound, emergency delivery)? ( ) ( ) Was your baby head-down at the time of delivery

    4. Let Baby Set the Delivery Date: Wait Until 39 Weeks if You Can

      MedlinePLUS

      ... and Human Services Latest Issue This Issue Features Autism Spectrum Disorder Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Health Capsules ... the lifelong health of that baby.” search Features Autism Spectrum Disorder Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Wise Choices ...

    5. 76 FR 65216 - Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding Application for...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-10-20

      ...Training Administration [TA-W-80,350] Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of...TAA) applicable to workers and former workers Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, Michigan (Baby Bliss). The determination was issued on...

    6. 77 FR 37000 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-06-20

      ...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker- jumpers. The collection...safety requirements for products called ``baby-bouncers'' and...

    7. Collaborative Editing with Contract over Friend-to-Friend Networks

      E-print Network

      Paris-Sud XI, Université de

      .Molli@univ-nantes.fr ABSTRACT Instead of delegating control over private data to single large corporations, in friend large corporation which is a perceived privacy threat. Users must provide and store their data-to-friend collaboration it is very difficult to en- sure that after data is shared with other users, these u

    8. 76 FR 37055 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-06-24

      ...Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby Squash and Baby Courgettes From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health...collection associated with regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. DATES:...

    9. Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.

      2014-05-01

      In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

    10. A Patient's Best Friend.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Haggard, Ann

      1985-01-01

      The author describes the development of a pet therapy program at a rehabilitation unit of a hospital. She discusses documentation of the success of pet therapy programs, picking out the right pets, responsibilities of caring for the pet, training the pet, patient response, and program policies. (CT)

    11. Rural hospitals

      PubMed Central

      Radford, Andrea; Slifkin, Rebecca; Schur, Claudia; Cheung, Karen; Baernholdt, Marianne

      2013-01-01

      The 340B Drug Pricing Program has the potential to reduce outpatient pharmaceutical costs for qualifying hospitals—hut many rural hospital administrators are unaware of their organization’s eligibility. PMID:18637547

    12. Baby Boom Equals Career Bust. Monographs on Career Education.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Moore, Charles Guy

      Presenting the Baby Boom (1946-1965) as both a potential social problem and opportunity for American leadership, this monograph discusses the following aspects of this population concern: (1) its immediate and long-term impact on career opportunities for those college graduates who make up the baby boom generation; (2) its impact on those whose…

    13. Talking with Your Baby: Family as the First School.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling; Brophy, Holly Elisabeth

      Noting that children s first words are exciting for parents to hear, this book describes how babies can "talk" before they learn to say actual words and shows ways parents can help babies learn language. The book addresses a neglected area in child development--how to help low literacy parents and parents for whom English is a Second Language…

    14. CDC Vital Signs: Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives

      MedlinePLUS

      ... tested for hepatitis C. Doctors, nurses and other health care providers can: Test all baby boomers and people with other risks ... hepatitis C and all doctors, nurses, and other health care providers should test all their patients who are baby boomers for ...

    15. Do Baby Wet Wipes Change Periurethral Aerobic Flora?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Dursun A. Senses; C. Elif Öztürk; Nese Ersöz Yar; Selda Acar; Talat Bahçebas; Kenan Kocabay; Demet Kaya

      SUMMARY: There is massive enteric bacterial colonization in the periurethral region during infancy. Fecal soiling is considered to be responsible for this colonization. We hypothesized that baby wet wipes containing chemical cleansing compounds, which are used for the cleaning of babies after diaper soiling, could be a contribut- ing factor in this colonization. Thus, the effect on periurethral flora of

    16. Comparison of migration from polyethersulphone and polycarbonate baby bottles

      Microsoft Academic Search

      C. Simoneau; S. Valzacchi; V. Morkunas; L. Van den Eede

      2011-01-01

      This work presents two analytical methods developed for measuring three components of polyethersulphone (PES) and applying them to the migration testing of 30 baby bottles made of PES. The study also provides migration results under the same conditions for bisphenol A (BPA) from 40 polycarbonate baby bottles using a well-established method adapted to low concentrations. For PES bottles, migration of

    17. Is New Zealand Facing a Baby Boomer Housing Bust?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Bob Hargreaves

      The baby boomer generation (1946-1964) represents a population bulge that isn't replicated in the younger generation who might be expected to live in the houses vacated by the baby boomers. Several authors have observed from 2010 there are likely to be more sellers than buyers, hence price reductions. This paper takes a contrary viewpoint. The following reasons are advanced as

    18. Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cunningham, DiAnne H.

      2009-01-01

      Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

    19. Fussy Babies, Worried Families, and a New Service Network

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gilkerson, Linda; Gray, Larry; Mork, Nancy

      2005-01-01

      The authors document the conceptualization, over time, of "fussy baby syndrome" and the establishment of a Fussy Baby Clinic. Excessive infant crying (commonly called colic) typically subsides in the first 3 months but may set up a cycle of parent-infant distress. Families studied felt a high degree of emotional stress and physical exhaustion;…

    20. The Effects of Baby Sign Training on Child Development

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda; Rodriguez, Sarai

      2014-01-01

      Although Baby Sign is gaining in popularity, there is a scarcity of research supporting its use. The research that has been conducted is conflicting. In the current study, nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years and five months participated in a baby sign workshop. A pre--post-test design was used to assess the…

    1. Infants & Toddlers "What's Going On? How to Hold Squriming Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2005-01-01

      Using Simple strategies, caregivers can learn to effectively communicate with infants through touch. This article offers suggestions and techniques for calming squirming babies of all types and ages who seem to be unable to find a comfortable position while being held. She begins by suggesting that care givers of very small babies be patient and…

    2. Teenagers and Their Babies: A Perinatal Home Visitor's Guide

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

      2008-01-01

      "Teenagers and Their Babies" is a self-study and preparation guide for paraprofessional home-based visitors to engage expectant and new parents in an exploration of their baby's development and their expectations for parenthood. The guide includes service interventions--strategies, techniques, and activities--for home visitors and doulas to use…

    3. Temperature monitoring and control in the newborn baby

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Yvonne Freer; Andrew Lyon

      The importance of keeping the newborn baby warm has been known for centuries but worldwide in the 21st century hypothermia remains a major contributor to neonatal mortality. Although less of a problem in high income countries there is evidence that low temperatures have an impact on outcome at vulnerable times, particularly in the baby born preterm. It is clear that

    4. Variations in the resting oxygen consumption of small babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      N Rutter; S M Brown; D Hull

      1978-01-01

      Over 200 measurements of the resting rate of oxygen consumption using an open-circuit method were made on 15 small babies nursed in their usual clinical setting during the first month of life. There were striking and persistent variations between babies that could not be explained by postnatal age, relationship to feed, sleep, or time of day. It was not possible

    5. Care of Baby Chicks1 Christopher DeCubellis2

      E-print Network

      Watson, Craig A.

      is at a Figure 1. Wire brooder, light on #12;2Care of Baby Chicks comfortable temperature, the chicks will moveAN-170 Care of Baby Chicks1 Christopher DeCubellis2 1. This document is Series AN-170 one need a clean environment that protects them from drafts and keeps them at the proper temperature

    6. Baby Boom Caregivers: Care in the Age of Individualization

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Guberman, Nancy; Lavoie, Jean-Pierre; Blein, Laure; Olazabal, Ignace

      2012-01-01

      Purpose: Many Baby Boomers are faced with the care of aging parents, as well as that of disabled or ill spouses or children. This study examines how Baby Boomers in Quebec, Canada, perceive and play their role as caregivers and how this might differ from their parents' generation. Design and methods: This was a qualitative and empirical study…

    7. Better Baby Care: A Book for Family Day Care Providers.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Nash, Margaret; Tate, Costella

      A resource for child caregivers providing family day care for infants and toddlers, this book is designed to provide information and suggestions in a format that is easy to follow, and in language that is easy to read. Chapter 1 gives tips on "baby-proofing" the home, as well as ideas for toys, equipment, and how to integrate a baby into the…

    8. Water loss from the skin of term and preterm babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      N Rutter; D Hull

      1979-01-01

      Water loss from the skin of term and preterm babies, nursed naked in incubators under neutral thermal conditions, was measured by a method based on estimating the water vapour pressure gradient close to the skin surface. 199 sets of measurements were made on 78 babies whose gestational ages ranged from 26 to 41 weeks, during the first 4 weeks of

    9. Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

      2011-01-01

      Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

    10. The total thermal insulation of the new-born baby.

      PubMed

      Hey, E N; Katz, G; O'Connell, B

      1970-05-01

      1. One hundred and seventeen healthy new-born babies weighing between 0.9 and 4.8 kg at delivery have been studied during the first ten days of life, and sixteen of these babies have been studied serially for 6 weeks after birth. The babies lay supine in a draught-free environment (air speed 4-5 cm/sec) of moderate humidity. The operative temperature was between 26 and 38 degrees C for the babies who were studied naked.2. Total non-evaporative heat loss was calculated from simultaneous measurements of oxygen consumption, evaporative water loss and the concomitant change in mean body temperature.3. Approximately 10% of the total body surface area was in contact with the mattress or floor. Conductive heat loss accounted for only about 5% of all non-evaporative heat loss when the naked baby was lying on a thick foam mattress, but for as much as 25% when the baby was lying in a water-jacketed chamber with a floor of clear plastic approximately 5 mm thick.4. Insulation to heat loss by convection and radiation varied with environmental temperature. Total specific insulation was low in a warm environment when the naked baby vasodilated, and rose by between 16 and 25% to a maximum in an environment of 31 degrees C. It decreased significantly when the baby became physically active in environments with a temperature less than this.5. Total specific insulation in an environment of 31 degrees C varied with body size: it averaged 0.156 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in seven naked babies weighing 0.9-1.2 kg, rose to 0.190 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in twelve babies weighing 1.8-2.2 kg, and averaged 0.201 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal in the thirty-four babies who weighed over 3 kg. Tissue insulation accounted for 23% of this total specific insulation in the smaller babies, and about 28% of the total in babies weighing over 3 kg.6. Clothing ten babies in a vest, napkin and long cotton nightdress increased the total specific insulation by an average of 0.23 degrees C.m(2).hr/kcal. PMID:5503276

    11. Massage Changes Babies' Body, Brain and Behavior

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ishikawa, Chihiro; Shiga, Takashi

      Tactile stimulation is an important factor in mother-infant interactions. Many studies on both human and animals have shown that tactile stimulation during the neonatal period has various beneficial effects in the subsequent growth of the body and brain. In particular, massage is often applied to preterm human babies as “touch care”, because tactile stimulation together with kinesthetic stimulation increases body weight, which is accompanied by behavioral development and the changes of endocrine and neural conditions. Among them, the elevation of insulin-like growth factor-1, catecholamine, and vagus nerve activity may underlie the body weight gain. Apart from the body weight gain, tactile stimulation has various effects on the nervous system and endocrine system. For example, it has been reported that tactile stimulation on human and animal babies activates parasympathetic nervous systems, while suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalcortical (HPA) axis, which may be related to the reduction of emotionality, anxiety-like behavior, and pain sensitivity. In addition, animal experiments have shown that tactile stimulation improves learning and memory. Facilitation of the neuronal activity and the morphological changes including the hippocampal synapse may underlie the improvement of the learning and memory. In conclusion, it has been strongly suggested that tactile stimulation in early life has beneficial effects on body, brain structure and function, which are maintained throughout life.

    12. The Friend of Man

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      2012-04-20

      There are many ways to understand the anti-slavery movements in the United States during the 19th century, and newspapers are but one of the key primary document types used by historians. Cornell University is fortunate enough to have a near complete run of the "Friend of Man" newspaper, which was published between 1836 and 1842. This very intriguing title allows curious visitors to learn about a group of people in central New York interested in "changing America" during this unique period. The paper documents the "regional interconnectedness of reform" throughout the region, with a focus on cities such as Utica, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany and New York City. Visitors to the site can browse through the various issues at their leisure and they can also perform a full-text search.

    13. Friends of Trees

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Based in Portland, Oregon, the Friends of Trees organization is dedicated to restoring urban forests around the country, with a particular emphasis on the Portland metropolitan area. As their Web site notes, "Trees are an essential part of the urban ecosystem. They help keep our water and air clean, prevent erosion, provide wildlife habitat, and make neighborhoods greener, more beautiful places to live." On the site, visitors can read about their ongoing planting activities and browse the newsletter they publish three times a year. For most visitors, the most helpful area of the site will be the Tree Resources section. Here, users can look through a fact sheet on the benefits of trees in urban environments, the care and maintenance of trees, and a large tree database.

    14. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    15. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    16. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    17. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    18. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO...immediately prohibit that greenhouse from exporting baby...prohibition will remain in effect until the Zambian NPPO... (2) Outside the greenhouse. (i) Approved...

    19. Cyber Friendly Fire

      SciTech Connect

      Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.

      2011-09-01

      Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission effectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. Just as with combat friendly fire, a fundamental need in avoiding cyber FF is to maintain situation awareness (SA). We suggest that cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system (and that populate the nodes), the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive (and offensive) countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. A training implication is to raise awareness and understanding of these critical knowledge units; an approach to decision aids and/or visualizations is to focus on supporting these critical knowledge units. To study cyber FF, we developed an unclassified security test range comprising a combination of virtual and physical devices that present a closed network for testing, simulation, and evaluation. This network offers services found on a production network without the associated costs of a real production network. Containing enough detail to appear realistic, this virtual and physical environment can be customized to represent different configurations. For our purposes, the test range was configured to appear as an Internet-connected Managed Service Provider (MSP) offering specialized web applications to the general public. The network is essentially divided into a production component that hosts the web and network services, and a user component that hosts thirty employee workstations and other end devices. The organization's network is separated from the Internet by a Cisco ASA network security device that both firewalls and detects intrusions. Business sensitive information is stored in various servers. This includes data comprising thousands of internal documents, such as finance and technical designs, email messages for the organization's employees including the CEO, CFO, and CIO, the organization's source code, and Personally Identifiable client data. Release of any of this information to unauthorized parties would have a significant, detrimental impact on the organization's reputation, which would harm earnings. The valuable information stored in these servers pose obvious points of interest for an adversary. We constructed several scenarios around this environment to support studies in cyber SA and cyber FF that may be run in the test range. We describe mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches. Finally, we discuss possible future research directions.

    20. Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure

      SciTech Connect

      Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

      2007-12-20

      After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

    1. Baby’s Breath II protocol development and design: A secondhand smoke exposure prevention program targeting infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit

      PubMed Central

      Stotts, Angela L.; Northrup, Thomas F.; Schmitz, Joy M.; Green, Charles; Tyson, Jon; Velasquez, Mary M.; Khan, Amir; Hovell, Melbourne F.

      2013-01-01

      Background Over one-third of all children live with at least one parent who smokes cigarettes, which is associated with compromised child health. The impact of secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) in medically fragile infants born prematurely is likely to be much higher. The Baby’s Breath II study tests whether a hospital-initiated, motivational-enhancement program will result in less SHSe relative to conventional care in high-risk, low birthweight (LBW) infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The design and protocol for the ongoing BBII trial is described. Methods/design Eligible participants are: (1) primary caregivers (typically mothers) of NICU infants who were born at LBW (<2500 g) or ventilated for more than 12 h; and (2) who smoke or live with at least one smoker. This randomized controlled trial has two conditions: Motivational interviewing plus incentives (MI+) and conventional care (CC). MI+ participants receive two hospital-based and two home-based counseling sessions, as well as incentives (i.e., prize-based draws) for (a) intervention attendance and (b) biochemical validation (i.e., urine cotinine dipstick) indicative of low or no infant SHSe. Participants in the control group receive conventional education-based care. Assessments are completed at baseline, mid-point, and 1- and 4-months post-intervention. Discussion This study is the first to determine the efficacy of a brief intervention for reducing SHSe among high-risk, LBW infants discharged from a NICU, with the potential for saving lives and healthcare costs. Strengths, limitations and challenges to the conduct of this trial are discussed. PMID:23466754

    2. Cannabinoids: Friend or foe?

      PubMed

      Le Foll, B; Tyndale, R F

      2015-06-01

      This issue of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics focuses on cannabinoids. Our understanding of these interesting endogenous and synthetic compounds, and their role in the cannabinoid system, has evolved dramatically, in part because of the acquisition of new research tools. Cannabis has been used for centuries by humans for recreational and medicinal purposes, however, there is substantial evidence that cannabis use can expose people to varying complications (e.g., risk of addiction, cognitive impairment), thus, it is important to determine the benefit/risk of cannabis with precision and to implement policy measures based on evidence to maximize the benefits and minimize the harm. Novel cannabinoid drugs are emerging for medicinal use (e.g., dronabinol, nabiximols) and as illicit drugs (e.g., Spice, K2) perpetuating the perception that cannabinoid drugs can be a friend or foe. This special issue will cover these various aspects of cannabinoid pharmacology and therapeutics ranging from basic chemistry, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical trial results, to policy and education efforts in this area. PMID:25801347

    3. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. Each full-size baby...

    4. Heat and mass transfer from a baby manikin: impact of a chemical warfare protective bag

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Ulf Danielsson; Eur J Appl Physiol

      2004-01-01

      A chemical warfare (CW) protective bag for babies, younger than 1 year, has been evaluated in respect of thermal load. Heat and water vapour dissipating from the baby make the climate in the protective bag more demanding than outside. The thermal strain on a baby was estimated from heat and mass transfer data using an electrically heated baby manikin and a

    5. Circumcision in Baby Boys (Beyond the Basics)

      MedlinePLUS

      ... the United States vary according to geographic area, socioeconomic status, religious affiliation, insurance coverage, hospital type, and racial ... level information — UpToDate offers two types of patient education materials. The Basics — The Basics patient education pieces ...

    6. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents. 

      E-print Network

      Anonymous,

      1979-01-01

      TOoe . ZTA245 07 8873 , ~O.I2."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from... touching you Hold him close to your body. Stroke his cheek Rub his body when you : bathe him. ~dby needs things he can grasp Things he can hold Things he can drop Babies learn by tasting Give babies toys that are safe They will put them...

    7. Real-life patient testimonials, nickname promote Thomas Jefferson University Hospital.

      PubMed

      2006-01-01

      As one of the largest hospitals in Philadelphia, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital had a strong academic reputation, but not a warm and friendly one. To increase the utilization of key product lines and raise its profile in the Philadelphia region, the hospital launched an advertising campaign early this year promoting the facility's cancer, neurology, and orthopedic centers. PMID:16922251

    8. Baby Swings, Car Seats Not Safe for Sleeping

      MedlinePLUS

      ... gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_152208.html Baby Swings, Car Seats Not Safe for Sleeping To avoid suffocation, ... 2015 FRIDAY, April 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Using car seats, swings, bouncers and other carrying devices as ...

    9. Time to Eat! What Will You Feed Your Baby?

      MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

      ... register. I'm interested in: Pregnancy Baby growth & care Research Volunteer opportunities Advocacy in government For health ... acid During your pregnancy Your pregnant body Prenatal care Eating and nutrition Physical activity Emotional and life ...

    10. When your baby or infant has a fever

      MedlinePLUS

      ... fever a baby or infant has is often scary for parents. Most fevers are harmless and are ... seizures occur in some children and can be scary to parents. However, most febrile seizures are over ...

    11. Pregnancy Problems? Boost the Chance of Having a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Chance of Having a Baby For those who dream of being parents, pregnancy problems can be tremendously ... doesn’t work, doctors may recommend medication, surgery, artificial insemination (in which a woman is injected with ...

    12. The effect of feeding with spoon and bottle on the time of switching to full breastfeeding and sucking success in preterm babies

      PubMed Central

      Aytekin, Aynur; Albayrak, Ebru Betül; Küçüko?lu, Sibel; Caner, ?brahim

      2014-01-01

      Aim: This research was conducted to determine the effect of the feeding methods of spoonfeed and feeding by bottle on the time of switching to full breastfeeding and sucking success. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between September 2013 and January 2014 at the primary level of the neonatal intensive care clinics in two hospitals found in the eastern region of Turkey in a comperative and descriptive fashion. The population was composed of preterm babies who received treatment and care in these clinics during the period when the study was conducted and who met the criteria of the investigators. Without selecting the sample group the whole of the population was studied. The study was conducted with 37 preterm babies who were spoonfed and 35 preterm babies who were fed by bottle. The data were collected with “information form introducing preterm baby”, “follow-up form for preterm baby” and “LATCH Breastfeeding Assessment Tool”. The data were evaluated using percentage distribution, mean, chi-square test, t-test in independent groups, Cronbach alpha coefficient and McNemar analysis. Ethics committee approval was obtained from Atatürk University Faculty of Health Sciences (dated 08.05.2013) and official approvals were obtained from the related hospitals to conduct the study. Results: A significant difference was found between the mean times of switching to full breastfeeding from the first breast-feeding in preterm babies in the spoonfed group and bottle fed group in favour of the spoodfed group (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of starting breastfeeding, switching to full breastfeeding, the mean weights at discharge and the mean times of discharge (p>0.05). While no significant difference was found between the groups in terms of mean LATCH scores measured initially (p>0.05), the mean scores in the spoonfed group at the second and final measurement were found to be statistically significantly higher (p<0.05). Conclusions: It was found that the preterm babies in whom spoonfeeding was used as a supportive method in addition to breast-feeding switched to full breastfeeding in a shorter time compared to the babies who were fed by bottle and their sucking success was at a better level.

    13. Craniofacial anomalies amongst births at two hospitals in Nairobi, Kenya.

      PubMed

      Odhiambo, A; Rotich, E C; Chindia, M L; Macigo, F G; Ndavi, M; Were, F

      2012-05-01

      The pattern of congenital oral and craniofacial anomalies (CFAs) in the Kenyan population remains unknown. The objective of this study was to describe the pattern of occurrence of CFAs at two hospitals in Nairobi. A descriptive cross-sectional study at the Kenyatta National Hospital and Pumwani Maternity Hospital was carried out from November 2006 to March 2007. Mothers who delivered at the hospitals consented to an interview and physical examination of their babies within 48 h of delivery. The anomalies were classified for type and magnitude. Data were analysed to determine the association of these anomalies with ages of the mothers, gender, weight, birth order, mode of delivery and birth status of the babies. During the study period, 7989 babies were born. The CFAs manifested in 1.8% of the total births and were more common in female (1.4%) than in male (1.0%) live births. 12.8% of stillbirths had CFAs, with lesions manifesting more in males (16.7%) than in females (6.9%). The commonest CFA was preauricular sinus (4.3/1000) followed by hydrocephalus (1.9/1000) then preauricular tags and cleft lip and palate (1.5/1000 and 1.3/1000 total births, respectively). PMID:22386656

    14. The prevalence and distribution of bruising in babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      R F Carpenter

      1999-01-01

      AIMTo obtain a prevalence rate and determine the distribution of accidental bruising in babies.METHODS177 babies aged 6–12 months were examined naked to look for bruises. They were seen in health visitor hearing test clinics and child health surveillance clinics. The site, size, shape, and colour of bruises were recorded on a skin map, and the parent’s explanation noted. Any other

    15. Jack Thomas, our third baby, enters the world!

      PubMed

      Stebbins, Anne

      2014-01-01

      Without the confidence and support of the medical team, this mother's first birth was difficult and unsatisfying. She was able to give birth naturally, in the care of a midwife, with her second baby. With confidence in her ability to give birth and the wisdom that comes with experience, she is able to give birth naturally with her third baby in spite of being induced. PMID:24839380

    16. Jack Thomas, Our Third Baby, Enters the World!

      PubMed Central

      Stebbins, Anne

      2014-01-01

      Without the confidence and support of the medical team, this mother’s first birth was difficult and unsatisfying. She was able to give birth naturally, in the care of a midwife, with her second baby. With confidence in her ability to give birth and the wisdom that comes with experience, she is able to give birth naturally with her third baby in spite of being induced. PMID:24839380

    17. Stillbirths at a hospital in Nablus, 2010: a cohort study

      PubMed Central

      Cung, Tam Giao; Paus, Anne Sofie; Aghbar, Ammar; Kiserud, Torvid; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund

      2014-01-01

      Background Stillbirths are insufficiently reported in many countries. In Nablus, reporting has recently started; little is published in Palestine on the stillbirth rate and its risk factors. Objective To study the rate of stillbirths at Rafidia Hospital in 2010 and some of its risk factors. Design A retrospective cohort design. Methods Data were collected from the delivery registry for all births and we analysed those with a gestation of 28 weeks or more at Rafidia Hospital. Stillbirth rates were estimated for available determinants. Results In 2010, a total of 5,644 women gave birth to 5,782 babies, of whom 41 were stillbirths, that is, a stillbirth rate of 7.1/1,000 births (95% confidence interval 5.2–9.5). Premature babies had a higher risk of being a stillbirth. For small babies, the lower the birth weight the higher was the probability of being a stillbirth, and for babies weighing 4,500 g or more there was a higher risk of being stillborn. The risk of stillbirth was also higher among babies from mothers with high haemoglobin concentration, but low maternal haemoglobin was not associated with stillbirths. Conclusions The stillbirth rates at Rafidia hospital assessed in this study compares favourably with the reported national numbers, indicating a good reliability of the on-going registration. The rates were highest among premature births. Stillbirth was linked to low birth weight, foetal macrosomia, and maternal haemoconcentration. We believe the findings identify areas to address when designing antenatal care with the aim of improving perinatal mortality in the country. PMID:25196827

    18. Extended Supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; J. M. Queiruga; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2013-04-02

      We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d=2+1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N=1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N=1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N=2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N=2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N=2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

    19. Extended supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Queiruga, J. M.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2013-05-01

      We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d = 2 + 1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N = 1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N = 1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N = 2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N = 2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N = 2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

    20. Extended Supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      Adam, C; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

      2013-01-01

      We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d=2+1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N=1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N=1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N=2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N=2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N=2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

    1. Close relationships and social competence of hospitalized and nonhospitalized adolescents.

      PubMed

      Shulman, S; Horesh, N; Scharf, M; Argov, Y

      2000-10-01

      This study was designed to examine the social relationships of adolescents with severe disorders. The study sample consisted of 33 adolescent inpatients in a psychiatric unit, as well as 33 nonhospitalized adolescents. Participants completed the Network of Relationship Inventory for an assessment of the quality of their relationships with mother, father, close friend, and other significant adults. In addition, friendship intimacy was assessed. Results showed nonhospitalized adolescents describing a close relationship with their parents, as well as with their close friends. Their relationships with their friends were mature. Hospitalized adolescents described a less close relationship with their parents, whereas they were close to and valued their relationships with their friends and other significant adults. Though both groups described similar levels of emotional closeness, hospitalized adolescents tended more to exert control or to evince a penchant for similarity to the other in their friendships. Results are discussed within the framework of adolescent social tasks. PMID:11048818

    2. 75 FR 43307 - Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Notice of Proposed...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-07-23

      ...cribs, cradles, car beds, baby baskets, or bassinets. 2...survey conducted by the American Baby Group, CPSC staff estimates...underestimate if new mothers buy more than one crib). CPSC...Specification for Full-Size Baby Crib, in 1988. At that...

    3. The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies

      E-print Network

      Howle, Victoria E.

      The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies: Russell Stewart Howle Charlotte Morgan Howle who were born the morning?" by the nursing staff! They are also trying to figure out the logistics of looking after babies in NICU

    4. Baby Lauren and the Kool-Aid First the good news. Jake, our son's first child and our third grandchild, has a baby sister. Jake

      E-print Network

      Hansen, James E.

      1 Baby Lauren and the Kool-Aid First the good news. Jake, our son's first child and our third grandchild, has a baby sister. Jake is excited about this, as you can see in Fig. 1. Jake is always long extrapolations), who thinks he can protect his baby sister (Fig. 2).1 What Jake doesn't know

    5. Type II Transformation -Regeneration 3 Media -1 Liter *If using baby jars, read main protocol for special notes. Remember to autoclave and cool baby

      E-print Network

      Raizada, Manish N.

      . Dry baby jars 3 days in hood, lids on. Package plates n sleeves. Store at room temperature. Use withinType II Transformation - Regeneration 3 Media - 1 Liter *If using baby jars, read main protocol for special notes. Remember to autoclave and cool baby jars in advance. Store sterile jars in sterile hood

    6. Cross-correlations of American baby names.

      PubMed

      Barucca, Paolo; Rocchi, Jacopo; Marinari, Enzo; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, Federico

      2015-06-30

      The quantitative description of cultural evolution is a challenging task. The most difficult part of the problem is probably to find the appropriate measurable quantities that can make more quantitative such evasive concepts as, for example, dynamics of cultural movements, behavioral patterns, and traditions of the people. A strategy to tackle this issue is to observe particular features of human activities, i.e., cultural traits, such as names given to newborns. We study the names of babies born in the United States from 1910 to 2012. Our analysis shows that groups of different correlated states naturally emerge in different epochs, and we are able to follow and decrypt their evolution. Although these groups of states are stable across many decades, a sudden reorganization occurs in the last part of the 20th century. We unambiguously demonstrate that cultural evolution of society can be observed and quantified by looking at cultural traits. We think that this kind of quantitative analysis can be possibly extended to other cultural traits: Although databases covering more than one century (such as the one we used) are rare, the cultural evolution on shorter timescales can be studied due to the fact that many human activities are usually recorded in the present digital era. PMID:26069207

    7. Cross correlations of the American baby names

      E-print Network

      Barucca, Paolo; Marinari, Enzo; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, Federico

      2014-01-01

      The quantitative description of cultural evolution is a challenging task. The most difficult part of the problem is probably to find the appropriate measurable quantities that can make more quantitative such evasive concepts as, for example, dynamics of cultural movements, behavior patterns and traditions of the people. A strategy to tackle this issue is to observe particular features of human activities, i.e. cultural traits, such as names given to newborns. We study the names of babies born in the United States of America from 1910 to 2012. Our analysis shows that groups of different correlated states naturally emerge in different epochs, and we are able to follow and decrypt their evolution. While these groups of states are stable across many decades, a sudden reorganization occurs in the last part of the twentieth century. We think that this kind of quantitative analysis can be possibly extended to other cultural traits: although databases covering more than one century (as the one we used) are rare, the ...

    8. Amitriptyline poisoning of a baby: how informative can hair analysis be?

      PubMed

      Allibe, Nathalie; Eysseric-Guerin, Hélène; Kintz, Pascal; Bartoli, Mireille; Bost-Bru, Cécile; Grenier, Florian; Scolan, Virginie; Stanke-Labesque, Françoise

      2015-04-01

      We reported a case of a 6-month-old baby girl who was hospitalized in the pediatric emergency for central nervous system disorders then coma. Toxicology analysis showed the presence of amitriptyline (AMI) and its metabolite nortriptyline (NOR) in blood and urine of the baby. Additional investigations suggested a shaken baby syndrome. Given the family context, a judge ordered hair tests for both the child and his parents to document drug exposure. A liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was then developed to quantify AMI and NOR in hair. After decontamination and segmentation, 20 mg of hair was incubated overnight at 55 °C in methanol (MeOH). The LC-MS/MS method used an online solid phase extraction and the analysis was performed using two transitions per compound. The LOQ and LOD for the two compounds were estimated at 0.0075 ng/mg and 0.005 ng/mg respectively. All hair segments tested for both parents were negative. For the baby two strands of hair were collected one day after the acute intoxication for the first and 5 weeks later for the second. The first strand was not decontaminated before analysis to avoid losing specimen. The high and relatively homogenous concentrations of AMI (with a range of value from 6.65 to 9.69 ng/mg) and NOR (with a range of value from 7.12 to 8.96 ng/mg) measured suggested that contamination could have occurred. The analysis of the second strand after decontamination allowed to detect AMI and NOR in all hair segments. The obtained values varied between 0.54 and 1.41 ng/mg for AMI and between 1.26 and 4.00 ng/mg for NOR. These results supported the hypothesis of a chronic exposure during several months before hair collection with regular increase. However a single overdose could not be totally excluded. The interpretation of results must take into account the pharmacological and physiological parameters of hair of the children. PMID:25676714

    9. 75 FR 63851 - Draft Friends Organizations Policy

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-10-18

      ...Service's mission through partnerships with Friends organizations (volunteer/advocate). Today, Friends organizations play a vital role in helping to fulfill the Service's mission of ``working with others, to conserve, protect and enhance...

    10. Informed Consent: Friend or Foe?

      E-print Network

      Contractor, Anis

      Informed Consent: Friend or Foe? Sean M. Perry, JD, Senior Contract and Grant Officer Office) Perspectives on Consent · The Evolving Consent · The Future of Informed Consent · Questions #12;AMC inform most academic medical centers' review of consent: ­ Contracts Office ­ IRB (Human Subjects

    11. Carbon Dioxide: Friend or Foe?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      C. Muller

      1983-01-01

      Carbon Dioxide: Friend or Foe is a short rnonograph on the so-called carbon dioxide greenhouse effect. The author challenges the established view that the present CO2 increase would, in the long term, lead to a global ground temperature increase. S. B. Idso, from four sets of observations, has deduced that the temperature response to an increased received energy at the

    12. Bike path Schools Bike friendly

      E-print Network

      Crews, Stephen

      Bike path Schools Parks Greenways Bike lane Bike friendly Bike path on sidewalk (uphill only a left turn, merge with motor vehicle traffic well in advance of the intersection. When bicycle paths stopping distance in inclement weather. Use a backpack or bike bag to carry items. Reasons to Bike

    13. Every Child Needs a Friend

      E-print Network

      Suzuki, Masatsugu

      Business/organization Friend Donation Levels Single tile: For a gift of $50, one 4.25" square tile. In such circumstances, the donation will be returned to the donor if an alternate message cannot be negotiated. S ince ·Celebrate your family ·Commemorate a special event ·Show your business's or organization's support

    14. Towards Friendly Concept-Learners

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Luc De Raedt; Maurice Bruynooghe

      1989-01-01

      We give a general overview of CUNT, a user- friendly interactive concept-learner, which can be used as a module for Learning Apprentice Sys­ tems. CLINT combines several interesting fea­ tures : it uses domain-knowledge, generates examples, copes with indirect relevance, shifts its bias, recovers from errors and identifies con­ cepts in the limit.

    15. Friends of Stanford Mathematics Lecture

      E-print Network

      Ford, James

      : Mathematics Research Center Stanford University Department of MathematicsDepartment of Mathematics "RationalFriends of Stanford Mathematics Lecture Free and open to the public math.stanford.edu/ Sponsored by Mathematical Society, Professor Gross is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a former Dean

    16. User-Friendly...Or What?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Deterline, William A.

      1988-01-01

      Discussion of user-friendly documentation focuses on problems with computer hardware and software documentation, and other forms of instructional manuals, that are poorly written and do not keep the needs of the users in mind. Topics highlighted include target audience analysis and validation and indexes. (LRW)

    17. Late preterm babies and the risk of neurological damage.

      PubMed

      Ramenghi, Luca A

      2015-01-01

      Late preterm infants (born between 34+0 and 36+6 weeks gestation) account for the recent striking increase in premature birth and they carry a higher vulnerability to suffer brain insults compared to term infants. These babies can develop any kind of known brain lesions including those affecting the most premature babies (i.e.an intraventricular haemorrhage) and lesions affecting more typically term babies like asphyxia and stroke. In other words there is not a specific brain lesion characterizing this gestational age group, and there is not a specific maturational landmark although "subplate neurons" are suppose to ultimate their connectivity in this period and the cortical volume is significantly increasing. In addition we should not forget the possibility that "late preterm babies" may present neurological clinical impairments in the absence of recognized morphological brain lesions even with the use of highly sophisticated MR imaging techniques. For these reasons a wider use of more sophisticated neuro radiological studies is not sufficient to better understand why some studies highlight that the risk of developmental delay or disability can reach 36% higher among late preterm infants compared with term infants. We believe we should improve also our skills to identify even those very subtle clinical signs of impairment deserving further investigations although we often admit these babies in the normal post natal nurseries where clinical observation cannot be so appropriate. PMID:26135955

    18. Stanford Hospital and Clinics Stanford Family Medicine

      E-print Network

      Ford, James

      infection Cancer STATEMENTS DESCRIBING YOUR USE OF MEDICATIONS: (Check one or more) Breast lump Buy term babies _______________________ 1 or 2 drinks Number of premature babies ______________________ 3 of stillborn babies _______________________ liquor or one mixed drink) HEALTH SCREENING AND PREVENTION

    19. Classroom Friends and Very Best Friends: A Short-Term Longitudinal Analysis of Relationship Quality

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      McChristian, Chrystal L.; Ray, Glen E.; Tidwell, Pamela S.; LoBello, Steven G.

      2012-01-01

      Second-, third-, fifth-, and sixth-grade children evaluated relationship qualities of a self-nominated friend and a self-nominated very best friend over a 6-month school year period. Results demonstrated that 76% of the friend relationships and 50% of the very best friend relationships were maintained over the course of the study. Children in…

    20. PERFECTLY PROPER FRIENDLY EQUILIBRIA Estela Olivera

      E-print Network

      ...nement as the perfect friendly equilibrium (Marchi 1991), which also re...nes Selten's (1975) concept of perfect equilibrium; and as the proper friendly equilibrium (Marchi 1991), which also re...nes Myerson's (1978), which re...nes both the proper friendly equilibrium and the concept of per- fectly proper equilibrium

    1. How Well Preschool Children Know Their Friends.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Field, Tory; And Others

      In an effort to determine whether very young children really know who their best friends are, 16 preschool children were observed during classroom and playground activities. If a preschooler played with a child at least half the time, that child was considered the preschooler's best friend. Observations and teachers' selections of best friend

    2. Efficacy of baby-CIMT: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial on infants below age 12 months, with clinical signs of unilateral CP

      PubMed Central

      2014-01-01

      Background Infants with unilateral brain lesions are at high risk of developing unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Given the great plasticity of the young brain, possible interventions for infants at risk of unilateral CP deserve exploration. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is known to be effective for older children with unilateral CP but is not systematically used for infants. The development of CIMT for infants (baby-CIMT) is described here, as is the methodology of an RCT comparing the effects on manual ability development of baby-CIMT versus baby-massage. The main hypothesis is that infants receiving baby-CIMT will develop manual ability in the involved hand faster than will infants receiving baby-massage in the first year of life. Method and design The study will be a randomised, controlled, prospective parallel-group trial. Invited infants will be to be randomised to either the baby-CIMT or the baby-massage group if they: 1) are at risk of developing unilateral CP due to a known neonatal event affecting the brain or 2) have been referred to Astrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital due to asymmetric hand function. The inclusion criteria are age 3–8 months and established asymmetric hand use. Infants in both groups will receive two 6-weeks training periods separated by a 6-week pause, for 12 weeks in total of treatment. The primary outcome measure will be the new Hand Assessment for Infants (HAI) for evaluating manual ability. In addition, the Parenting Sense of Competence scale and Alberta Infant Motor Scale will be used. Clinical neuroimaging will be utilized to characterise the brain lesion type. To compare outcomes between treatment groups generalised linear models will be used. Discussion The model of early intensive intervention for hand function, baby-CIMT evaluated by the Hand Assessment for Infants (HAI) will have the potential to significantly increase our understanding of how early intervention of upper limb function in infants at risk of developing unilateral CP can be performed and measured. Trial registration SFO-V4072/2012, 05/22/2013 PMID:24903062

    3. Inflating baby-Skyrme branes in six dimensions

      E-print Network

      Yves Brihaye; Térence Delsate; Nobuyuki Sawado; Yuta Kodama

      2010-07-05

      We consider a six dimensional brane world model, where the brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extradimensions. The branes have a cosmological constant modeled by inflating four dimensional slices and we further consider a bulk cosmological constant. We construct solutions numerically and present evidences that the solutions cease to exist for large values of the brane cosmological constant in some particular case. Then we study the stability of the model by considering perturbation of the gravitational part (resp. baby skyrmion) with fixed matter fields (resp. gravitational background). Our results indicate that the perturbation equations do not admit localized solutions for certain type of perturbation. The stability analysis can be alternatively seen as leading to a particle spectrum; we give mass estimations for the baby-Skyrme perturbation and for the graviton.

    4. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; T. Romanczukiewicz; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2015-01-15

      We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure $P$ or by turning on an external magnetic field $H$. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of $P$ and $H$, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the $P,H$ parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter $V=V(P,H)$ at zero temperature, where $V$ is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

    5. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      Adam, C; Romanczukiewicz, T; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

      2015-01-01

      We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure $P$ or by turning on an external magnetic field $H$. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of $P$ and $H$, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the $P,H$ parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter $V=V(P,H)$ at zero temperature, where $V$ is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

    6. Cultural evolution: The case of babies’ first names

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Xi, Ning; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Ge, Zehui; She, Li; Zhang, Kui

      2014-07-01

      In social sciences, there is currently rare consensus on the underlying mechanism for cultural evolution, partially due to lack of suitable data. The evolution of first names of newborn babies offers a remarkable example for such researches. In this paper, we employ the historical data on baby names from the United States to investigate the evolutionary process of culture, in particular focusing on how inequality among baby names changes over time. Then we propose a stochastic model where individual choice is determined by both individual preference and social influence, and show that the decrease in the strength of social influence can account for all the observed empirical features. Therefore, we claim that the weakening of social influence drives cultural evolution.

    7. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2015-05-01

      We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure P or by turning on an external magnetic field H. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of P and H, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the P, H parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter V = V( P,H) at zero temperature, where V is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

    8. Having Friends, Making Friends, and Keeping Friends: Relationships as Educational Contexts. ERIC Digest.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hartup, Willard W.

      Peer relations contribute substantially to both social and cognitive development. The essentials of friendship are reciprocity and commitment between individuals who see themselves more or less as equals. Affiliation and common interests, the main themes in friendship relations, are first understood in early childhood. Friends serve as emotional…

    9. COUPLED DICTIONARY TRAINING FOR EXEMPLAR-BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Deepak Baby Tuomas Virtanen

      E-print Network

      Virtanen, Tuomas

      COUPLED DICTIONARY TRAINING FOR EXEMPLAR-BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Deepak Baby Tuomas Virtanen Tom University of Technology, Finland {Deepak.Baby, Hugo.Vanhamme}@esat.kuleuven.be, {Tuomas.Virtanen, Thomas

    10. 77 FR 55812 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-09-11

      ...Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...manufacturers and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was...

    11. 77 FR 46739 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-08-06

      ...Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...manufacturers and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was...

    12. What Are the Chances My Baby Has CF? Understanding the Results

      MedlinePLUS

      ... your baby might have a health condition called cystic fibrosis (CF). Most babies who have a positive (abnormal) ... carriers of CF than to have the disease cystic fibrosis. In most states, fewer than three out of ...

    13. What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?

      PubMed

      Atherton, David; Mills, Kathryn

      2004-07-01

      Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies' skin healthy remains a challenge for midwives and parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of nappy rash at some time. Nappy rash is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and faeces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the nappy. Infection is not a primary cause of nappy rash, though secondary infection by Candida albicans can occur. Prevention of nappy rash is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. We propose that routine baby skincare should comprise gentle cleansing whenever the nappy is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent nappies, and the application of a barrier preparation at every nappy change. Ideally, a barrier preparation should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin's natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain optimum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume (or other potential sensitisers), or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety. Treatment of nappy rash should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every nappy change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the condition has failed to respond to other approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy. PMID:15314924

    14. E835 Store Baby Sitting Procedures

      SciTech Connect

      Werkema, Steve; /Fermilab

      2002-01-01

      Control of the RF frequency: (1) 'RF Freq Check' on P85 (E835 Baby Sitter) should be turned OFF. (2) The RF frequency should be adjusted so that it is in the notch of the 4-8 GHz momentum cooling pickup response. The RF frequency device to be controlled depends on which RF system is on. If ARF2 is on, the RF frequency device is A:RLLFS1. If ARF3 is on, the RF frequency device is A:RLLFS0. IMPORTANT NOTE: A:RLLFS0 and A:RLLFS1 have very different data base scaling (A:RLLFS0 is 4 bytes and A:RLLFS1 is 2 bytes). A:RLLFS0 can be safely knobbed with a mult factor of 1.0 (i.e. no multiplier is required). A:RLLFS1 requires a mult factor of 0.02 or smaller. The monitoring and adjustment of the RF frequency is accomplished by the following steps: (3) Set up SA1 so that it is connected to CP48-SCH (4-8 GHz momentum cooling pickup). Set the SA center frequency to a harmonic of the RF frequency. This is most easily accomplished by doing one of the following: (a) If ARF3 is on, send P41 file 22 to SA1. (b) If ARF2 is on, set A:RLLFS0 to the set value of A:RLLFS1 then send P41 file 22 to SA1. (4) SA1 can be viewed on CATV channel pbar 20. If the notch in the momentum cooling pickup response is not at the center frequecy of SA1 adjust the RF. (On the low energy ramp, 1 division on the SA1 display at 5.5 GHz corresponds to 2.3 Hz in revolution frequency). Once you've made an adjustment to the RF frequency you should reset the SA1 display according to step 3 above.

    15. Where have all the babies gone?

      PubMed

      1992-05-15

      Critical comment is provided on the phenomena of couples postponing childbearing in Singapore. In spite of a media campaign to promote childbearing and tax incentives, women are choosing to be DINKS, couples with double incomes and no kids. Women's reasons for not having children are to enjoy more freedom and a better material life and maintain a career. Seet Ai Mee, the junior minister of community development, in 1990 spoke in a public address about women's lack of belief in marriage and the loss of independence and career prospects when children come along. Official concern is based on the rising median age of childbearing which has gone from 23.4 years in 1970 to 27.7 years in 1991. A continuing trend would put women 30 years old at the age of 1st childbearing in the year 2000. 1 of 5 women presently do not have children. 2.9% fewer babies were born in the 1st 10 months of 1991 compared with 1990. The Director of the Population Planning Unite believes that the campaign has been successful in promoting coupling, but not procreation. Examples are given of 4 women who chose not to have children. 1 was a 26-year old university graduate who was a product manager. She is married and thinks that the ad campaign is not appropriately geared to an educated population. Romance and hard sell are out of place. Another psychotherapist expressed the opinion that women wanted a house a car before having children, and later age at childbearing was desired because the desire was to a small family anyway. Freedom has a greater value over the desire for children. A 30-year old writer finds women with children boring, and later age at childbearing means greater maternal maturity. Several examples are given of women who desire an earlier start on childbearing because of the demands placed on older mothers. The director of a counseling and care center defines DINKS as educated higher income people who want a career, personal goals, travel, and other things. There should not be a requirement for children among couples. The consequences of this trend is an unreachable goal of a 4 million population target by 2010, and the need for immigration. PMID:12285428

    16. Prevalence of congenital malaria among neonates at Morogoro Regional Hospital, Morogoro, Tanzania.

      PubMed

      Mosha, Theobald C E; Ntarukimana, Devote; John, Matilda

      2010-10-01

      Congenital malaria is increasingly reported among babies born to mothers living in malaria endemic areas. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of congenital malaria among newborn babies delivered at Morogoro Regional Hospital, Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 pregnant women attending delivery services at the hospital. Socio-demographic and obstetric information of the mothers was also collected. Samples of the placental, cord and peripheral blood smears of mothers and babies were stained with Giemsa and examined for malaria parasites. Plasmodiun falciparum was the dominant malaria parasite species. The prevalence of congenital malaria among newly born babies was 4.0% (95% CI, 1.2-6.8%). Prevalence of placental parasitaemia was 7.0% (95% CI, 3.3-10.7%), while prevalence of cord parasitaemia was 0.5% (95% CI, 0.0-1.5%). The prevalence of malaria among the mothers at delivery was 11.5% (95% CI, 6.9-16.1%). There was a strong association between placental, cord, maternal and congenital parasitaemia. All babies with congenital malaria had infected mothers and placentas (P<0.01). In conclusion, congenital malaria is still common in Tanzania especially in malaria endemic areas. It is important that blood smear from neonates are taken and examined for malaria parasite soon after birth. Malaria prevention measures such as intermittent preventive treatment, prompt management of all malaria cases and use of insecticide treated bed nets should be emphasized for all pregnant women. PMID:24409631

    17. Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program

      PubMed Central

      2012-01-01

      Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages. PMID:23181985

    18. Peakons and Q-balls in the baby Skyrme model

      SciTech Connect

      Lis, Jakub [Department of Field Theory, Institute of Physics at the Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)

      2011-10-15

      In this paper, we investigate the Q-ball Ansatz in the baby Skyrme model. First, the appearance of peakons, i.e. solutions with extremely large absolute values of the second derivative at maxima, is analyzed. It is argued that such solutions are intrinsic to the baby Skyrme model and do not depend on the detailed form of a potential used in calculations. Next, we concentrate on compact nonspinning Q-balls. We show the failure of a small parameter expansion in this case. Finally, we explore the existence and parameter dependence of Q-ball solutions.

    19. Baby Skyrme Model, Near-BPS Approximations and Supersymmetric Extensions

      E-print Network

      Bolognesi, S

      2014-01-01

      We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this a near-BPS approximation can be used which, however, involves a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with ${\\cal N}=1$ and the particular ones with extended ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

    20. Baby Skyrme Model, Near-BPS Approximations and Supersymmetric Extensions

      E-print Network

      S. Bolognesi; W. Zakrzewski

      2014-09-24

      We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this a near-BPS approximation can be used which, however, involves a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with ${\\cal N}=1$ and the particular ones with extended ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

    1. Baby Skyrme model, near-BPS approximations, and supersymmetric extensions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Bolognesi, S.; Zakrzewski, W.

      2015-02-01

      We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this, a near-BPS approximation can be used when there is a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with N =1 and the particular ones with extended N =2 supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

    2. Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.

    3. Selecting the Perfect Baby The Ethics of "Embryo Design"

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Julia Omarzu

      2002-01-01

      This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter Molly was born with a rare genetic disorder, Fanconi anemia. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby’s umbilical cord blood. Students learn about developmental disorders and consider the ethical issues of genetic manipulation and fertility treatments. Although the case was written for beginning developmental psychology students, the issues raised involving genetic manipulation, advances in medical technology, and scientific ethics would be relevant in many other science courses.

    4. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents.

      E-print Network

      Anonymous,

      1979-01-01

      TOoe . ZTA245 07 8873 , ~O.I2."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from... in their mouths Keep things away from baby that he might swallow -that could make him sick 8aDIes learn wnen you hold and cuddle them 1 .. 6abies learn when you give them things to touch and to taste Educational programs conducted by the Texas...

    5. Hospitality Management.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA.

      A project was conducted at College of the Canyons (Valencia, California) to initiate a new 2-year hospitality program with career options in hotel or restaurant management. A mail and telephone survey of area employers in the restaurant and hotel field demonstrated a need for, interest in, and willingness to provide internships for such a program.…

    6. Migration of bisphenol A into water from polycarbonate baby bottles during microwave heating

      Microsoft Academic Search

      K. A. Ehlert; C. W. E. Beumer; M. C. E. Groot

      2008-01-01

      A comprehensive migration database was established for bisphenol A from polycarbonate baby bottles into water during exposure to microwave heating. Eighteen different brands of polycarbonate baby bottles sold in Europe were collected. Initial residual content of bisphenol A and migration after microwave heating were determined. Residual content of bisphenol A in the polycarbonate baby bottles ranged from 1.4 to 35.3

    7. Baby, It's You: International Capital Discovers the under Threes

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hughes, Patrick

      2005-01-01

      Well-established international entertainment firms such as Disney and Fisher-Price are joining new start-up firms such as Baby Einstein to create a 'Baby' market of products (including toys, games and videos) specifically targeted at children aged 0-3 years. Despite its novelty, the "Baby" market mirrors older markets that…

    8. Orchestrating Professional Development for Baby Room Practitioners: Raising the Stakes in New Dialogic Encounters

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Goouch, Kathleen; Powell, Sacha

      2013-01-01

      This article has emerged from a research and development project, The Baby Room, which was designed to examine how babies are cared for in daycare settings. Within the project, a form of professional development was created which designated a central space for dialogic encounter, primarily to enable the baby room practitioners who participated in…

    9. An output-sensitive variant of the baby steps/giant steps determinant algorithm*

      E-print Network

      Kaltofen, Erich

      An output-sensitive variant of the baby steps/giant steps determinant algorithm* Erich Kaltofen] and which uses the baby steps/giant steps algorithm design technique, can be adapted to the dense integer, 30] the baby steps/giant steps algorithm can be further im- proved, which yields the currently

    10. A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS

      E-print Network

      Basu, Saugata

      A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS S. BASU, M-F. ROY, M. SAFEY EL20; Secondary 14P05, 68W05. Key words and phrases. Roadmaps, Real algebraic variety, Baby step, with an improved recursive scheme of baby step - giant step type, has been proposed, and applied successfully

    11. STATEN ISLAND SUNDAY ADVANCE JULY 11, 1999 Researcher is unwrapping a baby's world

      E-print Network

      Lewkowicz, David J.

      STATEN ISLAND SUNDAY ADVANCE · JULY 11, 1999 Researcher is unwrapping a baby's world IBR research of babies, Lewkow- icz has steadily published his findings in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Researchers how infants respond to human faces and voices in an effort to understand how babies learn the basic

    12. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

    13. TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE

      E-print Network

      Bernstein, Daniel

      TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE Abstract. Pollard's rho algorithm negation), the baby-step-giant-step method has probability 0.5625 + o(1) of finding a uniform random two-grumpy-giants-and-a-baby method has probability 0.71875 + o(1). 1. Introduction Fix a prime

    14. A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS

      E-print Network

      Basu, Saugata

      A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS S. BASU, M-F. ROY, M. SAFEY EL-algebraically connected component of S. Key words and phrases. Roadmaps, Real algebraic variety, Baby step-giant step very recently. A new construction for computing roadmaps, with an improved recursive scheme of baby

    15. For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep Development #12;Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Always place your baby baby should not sleep in an adult bed, on a couch, or on a chair alone, with you, or with anyone else

    16. Pediatric Resident Packet All of the following documents MUST be brought to Baby Gator on or

      E-print Network

      Slatton, Clint

      Pediatric Resident Packet All of the following documents MUST be brought to Baby Gator on or before the first day of your rotation. Missing documents may require the postponement of your placement at Baby questions regarding this packet contact: ppallas@ufl.edu #12;Baby Gator Resident Background Information Name

    17. The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II U. Meierfrankenfeld April 17, 2003 Abstract In this paper the maximal 2-local subgroups in the Monster and Baby Monster simple groups of the Monster M and the Baby Monster BM which are of characteristic 2 have been classified. As a follow up

    18. Compositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao

      E-print Network

      Compositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Manager Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao Yale. Using this framework, we have produced a certification of BabyVMM, a small VMM designed for simplified hardware. The same proof also shows that a certified ker- nel using BabyVMM's virtual memory abstraction

    19. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

    20. Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.

      2007-01-01

      Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

    1. The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II

      E-print Network

      Meierfrankenfeld, Ulrich

      The maximal 2-local subgroups of the Monster and Baby Monster, II Abstract In this paper the maximal 2-local subgroups in the Monster and Baby Monster simple-local subgroups of the Monster M and the Baby Monster BM which are of characteristic 2 have been

    2. Bringing New Families to the Museum One Baby at a Time

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Herman, Alicia

      2012-01-01

      "Bring Your Baby to the Danforth Museum of Art" is a program for mothers. Unlike other museum programs that focus on the needs of children, Bring Your Baby caters to the intellectual interests of the adult parent. Parents learn about artworks, play with babies in a beautiful environment, and socialize with other families. The program is a joyful…

    3. Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models1 2

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Marek Karliner; Itay Hen

      We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions - breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the ap- pearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance

    4. Physiological and quality attributes associated with different centrifugation times of baby carrots

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Celso Luiz Moretti; Leonora Mansur Mattos; Cristina MM Machado; Ricardo Alfredo Kluge

      2007-01-01

      Centrifugation is one of the most important steps in the fresh- cut industry. Inadequate centrifugation can lead to increased white blush in baby carrots. The present work was carried out aiming at evaluating the effects of different centrifugation times in baby carrots physiological and quality attributes. Carrot roots cv. Alvorada were harvested and minimally processed as baby carrots. After processing,

    5. Safe Sleep For Your Baby | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

      MedlinePLUS

      ... of this page please turn JavaScript on. Safe Sleep For Your Baby Spring 2015 Table of Contents Safe Sleep For Your Baby Learn how to reduce the ... of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related causes of infant death. Always place baby ...

    6. Rocking & Rolling: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families. Helping Babies Make Transitions

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Merrill, Sarah; Britt, Donna

      2008-01-01

      The authors discuss three steps to helping babies with transitions: observe, ask, and respond (OAR). They advise teachers about how to ask a family questions about their baby and how to give the family suggestions to alleviate the baby's stress, without offending family members. This column includes a list of recommended resources. (Contains 7…

    7. Just a Talking Book? Word Learning from Watching Baby Videos

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Robb, Michael B.; Richert, Rebekah A.; Wartella, Ellen A.

      2009-01-01

      This study examined the relationship between viewing an infant DVD and expressive and receptive language outcomes. Children between 12 and 15 months were randomly assigned to view "Baby Wordsworth," a DVD highlighting words around the house marketed for children beginning at 12 months of age. Viewings took place in home settings over 6 weeks.…

    8. photic stimulation may increase mortality rate in preterm babies.

      E-print Network

      Lykke-Andersen, Jens

      photic stimulation may increase mortality rate in preterm babies. Indeed, sudden infant death syndrome is significantly more common in preterm, low birth weight infants [18]. Neonatal photosensitivity-driven activity in these immature cells. In summary, the discovery of neonatal retinal photosensitivity has opened

    9. Baby boomers' reasons for choosing specific food shops

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Tony Worsley; Wei Chun Wang; Wendy Hunter

      2011-01-01

      Purpose – Baby boomers (people born between 1946 and 1964) are approaching retirement and there is concern about their preparation for their future health and wellbeing. Food shopping is likely to play a major role in their future lives. The purpose of this paper is to examine their reasons for choosing to buy food from particular shops and whether demographic

    10. The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      ?. T. St?pie?

      2014-11-18

      The Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for the gauged baby Skyrme models: restricted and full one, in (2+0)-dimensions, are derived, for some general classes of the potentials. The conditions, which must be satisfied by the potentials, for each of these mentioned models, are also derived.

    11. 82. Historic American Buildings Survey VIEW SHOWING BABY HOUSE AND ...

      Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

      82. Historic American Buildings Survey VIEW SHOWING BABY HOUSE AND PATIO WHERE TENT ROOM NOW LOCATED PHOTOCOPY OF PLATE FROM IRVIN L. SCOTT, 'MARALAGO', THE AMERICAN ARCHITECT (JUNE 20, 1928), P. 797 - Mar-a-Lago, 1100 South Ocean Boulevard, Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, FL

    12. Ritualized Embarrassment at "Coed" Wedding and Baby Showers.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Braithwaite, Dawn O.

      1995-01-01

      Finds that women embarrassed men at "coed" wedding and baby showers by teasing and causing them to look unpoised, and that men used avoidance, humor, remediation, and justification strategies. Adds a new strategy, compliance, to previous frameworks to explain males' reaction to embarrassment. Discusses the importance of context and degree of…

    13. Suporte Prolongado com o Oxigenador Terumo BABY-RXTM

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Joseph J. Deptula; Sherrie K. Fogg; Kimberly R. Glogowski; Kathleen N. Fenton; Kim F. Duncan

      TM , a new-generation low prime oxygenator, recently has entered the perfusion market in North America. This oxyge- nator is designed exclusively for neonates and infants and has the smallest priming volume of any clinically available oxygenator. The BABY-RX TM also is treated with X Coating TM , Terumos biocompatible, hydrophilic polymer surface coating that reduces platelet adhesion and protein

    14. 'Think Baby': online learning for student health visitors.

      PubMed

      Appleton, Jane V; Harris, Margaret; Kelly, Cat; Huppe, Irmgard

      2014-06-01

      'Think Baby' is an innovative online learning resource which has been developed to help student health visitors (and other specialist community public health nurses) build their skills in observing and assessing mother-infant interactions. The project's development and pilot work was funded by a small grant from the Higher Education Academy. It builds on the findings of the team's previous research, which found health visitors' initial training had left them ill-prepared to assess the intricacies of mother-infant relationships. The 'Think Baby' project sought to develop online training resources for student health visitors using video footage of mothers and babies to illustrate different types of interactions. A small group of student health visitors were engaged in reviewing and evaluating the materials and considering their acceptability. Once developed, the materials were piloted with student health visitors from three universities, community practice teachers and a health visitor academic, and they were then adapted for wider roll out. 'Think Baby' enables student health visitors to develop their core skills in assessment, which is really important in identifying when early help and support are needed for mothers and infants. PMID:24974552

    15. Birth Parents Who Relinquished Babies for Adoption Revisited.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pannor, Reuben; And Others

      1978-01-01

      This paper reports on research addressed to the attitudes and feelings of birth parents years after they relinquished babies for adoption. It discusses reasons for relinquishment, parental fantasies about the child, parental interest in reunion with the child, and parental feelings about opening the sealed records. Advocates reunion and research.…

    16. How much wrapping do babies need at night?

      Microsoft Academic Search

      R E Wigfield; P J Fleming; Y E Azaz; T E Howell; D E Jacobs; P S Nadin; R McCabe; A J Stewart

      1993-01-01

      In a longitudinal, population based study, overnight temperature recordings were made in the bedrooms of 152 babies aged 3-18 weeks and the insulation provided by their bedclothing was assessed. Outdoor temperatures for the study nights were also available. Parents applied more insulation on colder nights with lower bedroom temperatures than on warmer nights (mean 8.5 tog at 15 degrees C

    17. Response of term babies to a warm environment

      Microsoft Academic Search

      N Rutter; D Hull

      1979-01-01

      The response of healthy term babies to warm environments was assessed by placing them naked in incubators and increasing the air temperature in steps until either sweating occurred or the rectal temperature reached 37.9 degrees C. The rate of evaporation of water from the skin was measured by a method based on the estimation of vapour pressure gradient. When a

    18. Vocal Communication with a Three-Month Old Baby.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sandner, Gerhard W.; Wagner, Edith

      The ontogenetic development of human vocal utterances and their role in early interaction processes were studied with a three-month-old baby. Recordings were made of infant vocalizations in the home and the sounds were classified. During a five-minute segment between the mother and infant, the infant produced 59 utterances, 93 percent of which had…

    19. Know a Baby Who Needs Help? Call ABC.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kromer, Megan E.

      The booklet describes Project ABC (Any Baby Can), a model networking effort to promote coordinated services for disabled and high-risk infants in San Antonio, Texas. The model features a volunteer, grass-roots emphasis in an aggressive community awareness campaign with a long-term goal of improving the effectiveness of social services and health…

    20. Shaken baby syndrome: A biomechanics analysis of injury mechanisms

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Faris A. Bandak

      2005-01-01

      Traumatic infant shaking has been associated with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) diagnosis without verification of the operative mechanisms of injury. Intensities for SBS have been expressed only in qualitative, unsubstantiated terms usually referring to acceleration\\/deceleration rotational injury and relating to falls from great heights onto hard surfaces or from severe motor vehicle crashes. We conducted an injury biomechanics analysis

    1. The Birth of a Baby: Obscenity or Censorship.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sherer, Michael D.

      This paper discusses the issues involved and presents an overall picture of attempts to censor the April 11, 1938 issue of "Life" magazine featuring a four-page spread of 35 pictures from the film "The Birth of a Baby." It examines contemporary news accounts from newspapers published in New York, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, New Orleans, and…

    2. Babies Who 'Resettle' on Their Own Get Better Sleep

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Babies Who 'Resettle' on Their Own Get Better Sleep And that could be a blessing to sleep-starved parents of infants, research suggests To use ... resettle" after waking up are more likely to sleep through the night, a new study suggests. British ...

    3. Funduscopic lesions associated with mortality in shaken baby syndrome

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Monte Mills

      1998-01-01

      Purpose: The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) has been defined as a syndrome of intraocular and intracranial hemorrhage in young children, thought to be caused by violent shaking inflicted by an adult. In many cases SBS is fatal as a result of intracranial injury. Intraocular findings include hemorrhage, which may be accompanied by characteristic retinal folds or retinoschisis lesions. This study

    4. Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Russell, Beth S.

      2010-01-01

      In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

    5. Shaken Baby Syndrome: The Problem and a Model for Prevention.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Showers, Jacy

      1992-01-01

      Examines the problem of shaken baby syndrome (SBS), which involves the injury or death of an infant as a result of severe shaking. Advocates a national media campaign to promote awareness of SBS and to prevent needless injuries and deaths. (MDM)

    6. Parents’ expectations of staff in the early bonding process with their premature babies in the intensive care setting: a qualitative multicenter study with 60 parents

      PubMed Central

      2013-01-01

      Background During the first weeks of hospitalization, premature babies and their parents encounter difficulties in establishing early bonds and interactions. Only a few studies have explored what caregivers can do to meet parents' needs in relation to these interactions and help optimize them. This study sought to explore parents' perception of these first interactions and to identify the actions of caregivers that help or hinder its development. Methods Prospective study, qualitative discourse analysis of 60 face-to-face interviews conducted with 30 mothers and 30 fathers of infants born before 32 weeks of gestation (mean ± SD: 27 ± 2 weeks of gestational age), during their child's stay in one out of three NICUs in France. Interviews explored parental experience, from before birth up to the first month of life. Results Data analysis uncovered two main themes, which were independent of parents' geographical or cultural origin but differed between mothers and fathers. First, fathers described the bond with their child as composed more of words and looks and involving distance, while mothers experienced the bond more physically. Secondly, two aspects of the caregivers' influence were decisive: nurses' caring attitude towards baby and parents, and their communication with parents, which reduced stress and made interactions with the baby possible. This communication appeared to be the locus of a supportive and fulfilling encounter between parents and caregivers that reinforced parents' perception of a developing bond. Conclusions At birth and during the first weeks in the NICU, the creation of a bond between mothers and fathers and their premature baby is rooted in their relationship with the caregivers. Nurses' caring attitude and regular communication adapted to specific needs are perceived by parents as necessary preconditions for parents' interaction and development of a bond with their baby. These results might allow NICU staff to provide better support to parents and facilitate the emergence of a feeling of parenthood. PMID:23375027

    7. Virtual Hospital

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Provided and maintained by the University of Iowa Health Care, the Virtual Hospital is designed as a "medical reference and health promotion tool for health care providers and patients." To that end, the site offers current and authoritative medical information for patients and professional and pedagogical information for health care providers. The former includes patient educational briefs browseable by organ system or by a topical list, a collection of peer-reviewed and annotated Web resources, an internal search engine, and archives of a column offering medical advice to middle-aged users. Resources in the health care provider section include several digital libraries aimed at certain specialties (Pediatrics, Pediatric Radiology, Family Medicine, and Medical Student); multimedia textbooks and teaching files grouped by organ system; lectures and publications; and clinical practice guidelines. Additional resources at the site include links to the Virtual Children's and Virtual Naval Hospitals, an internal search engine, and online continuing education courses.

    8. Baby-MONITOR: A Composite Indicator of NICU Quality

      PubMed Central

      Kowalkowski, Marc A.; Zupancic, John A. F.; Pietz, Kenneth; Richardson, Peter; Draper, David; Hysong, Sylvia J.; Thomas, Eric J.; Petersen, Laura A.; Gould, Jeffrey B.

      2014-01-01

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: NICUs vary in the quality of care delivered to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. NICU performance on 1 measure of quality only modestly predicts performance on others. Composite measurement of quality of care delivery may provide a more comprehensive assessment of quality. The objective of our study was to develop a robust composite indicator of quality of NICU care provided to VLBW infants that accurately discriminates performance among NICUs. METHODS: We developed a composite indicator, Baby-MONITOR, based on 9 measures of quality chosen by a panel of experts. Measures were standardized, equally weighted, and averaged. We used the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative database to perform across-sectional analysis of care given to VLBW infants between 2004 and 2010. Performance on the Baby-MONITOR is not an absolute marker of quality but indicates overall performance relative to that of the other NICUs. We used sensitivity analyses to assess the robustness of the composite indicator, by varying assumptions and methods. RESULTS: Our sample included 9023 VLBW infants in 22 California regional NICUs. We found significant variations within and between NICUs on measured components of the Baby-MONITOR. Risk-adjusted composite scores discriminated performance among this sample of NICUs. Sensitivity analysis that included different approaches to normalization, weighting, and aggregation of individual measures showed the Baby-MONITOR to be robust (r = 0.89–0.99). CONCLUSIONS: The Baby-MONITOR may be a useful tool to comprehensively assess the quality of care delivered by NICUs. PMID:24918221

    9. Infant Arterial Stiffness and Maternal Iron Status in Pregnancy: A UK Birth Cohort (Baby VIP Study)

      PubMed Central

      Alwan, Nisreen A.; Cade, Janet E.; McArdle, Harry J.; Greenwood, Darren C.; Hayes, Helen E.; Ciantar, Etienne; Simpson, Nigel A.B.

      2015-01-01

      Background In animal studies, iron deficiency during pregnancy has been linked to increased offspring cardiovascular risk. No previous population studies have measured arterial stiffness early in life to examine its association with maternal iron status. Objective This study aimed to examine the association between maternal iron status in early pregnancy with infant brachio-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV). Methods The Baby VIP (Baby's Vascular Health and Iron in Pregnancy) study is a UK-based birth cohort which recruited 362 women after delivery from the Leeds Teaching Hospitals postnatal wards. Ferritin and transferrin receptor levels were measured in maternal serum samples previously obtained in the first trimester. Infant brachio-femoral PWV was measured during a home visit at 2–6 weeks. Results Iron depletion (ferritin <15 µg/l) was detected in 79 (23%) women in early pregnancy. Infant PWV (mean = 6.7 m/s, SD = 1.3, n = 284) was neither associated with maternal ferritin (adjusted change per 10 µg/l = 0.02, 95% CI: ?0.01, 0.1), nor with iron depletion (adjusted change = ?0.2, 95% CI: ?0.6, 0.2). No evidence of association was observed between maternal serum transferrin receptor level and its ratio to ferritin with infant PWV. Maternal anaemia (<11 g/dl) at <20 weeks’ gestation was associated with a 1.0-m/s increase in infant PWV (adjusted 95% CI: 0.1, 1.9). Conclusion This is the largest study to date which has assessed peripheral PWV as a measure of arterial stiffness in infants. There was no evidence of an association between markers of maternal iron status early in pregnancy and infant PWV. PMID:25790854

    10. Baby Hands that Move to the Rhythm of Language: Hearing Babies Acquiring Sign Languages Babble Silently on the Hands

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Petitto, Laura Ann; Holowka, Siobhan; Sergio, Lauren E.; Levy, Bronna; Ostry, David J.

      2004-01-01

      The ''ba, ba, ba'' sound universal to babies' babbling around 7 months captures scientific attention because it provides insights into the mechanisms underlying language acquisition and vestiges of its evolutionary origins. Yet the prevailing mystery is what is the biological basis of babbling, with one hypothesis being that it is a non-linguistic…

    11. Breastfeeding is the ideal way to feed babies. It also helps keep your baby from getting sick as often. Breastfeeding

      E-print Network

      convenient, inexpensive and good for your health. Breastfeeding You should nurse whenever your baby shows of Agriculture. Thomas G. Coon, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. CYFC grants permission to use this publication for educational purposes only with credit given to MSU. This information is for educational

    12. Samenvatting promotieonderzoek Madelon Hendricx-Riem Als baby's huilen is dat een belangrijk signaal voor ouders. Huilen betekent dat er

      E-print Network

      Galis, Frietson

      Samenvatting promotieonderzoek Madelon Hendricx-Riem Als baby's huilen is dat een belangrijk of spelen met een voluit lachende baby? Maar helaas zijn niet alle ouders altijd in staat om op een sensitieve manier te reageren op de signalen van hun baby. Soms gaan ouders ertoe over hun huilende baby door

    13. Friendly \\

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Daniel Sage; Michael Unser

      Abstract: Image processing can be taught very effectively by complementing,the basic lectures with computer laboratories where the participants can actively manipulate and process images. This offering can be made,even more,attractive by allowing the students to develop their own,image processing code within a reasonable time frame. After a brief review of existing software package,that can be used for teaching IP, we

    14. Born too small: who survives in the public hospitals in Lilongwe, Malawi?

      PubMed Central

      Ahlsén, Anna Karin; Spong, Elinor; Kafumba, Nomsa; Kamwendo, Francis; Wolff, Kerstin

      2015-01-01

      Objective Malawi has the highest estimated preterm birth rate in the world. The survival rate of these babies is not known. The main objective of this study was to demonstrate the short-term survival of infants with birth weight below 2500?g nursed in Bwaila Hospital, a district hospital, and the tertiary level Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. The specific objectives were to calculate birth weight specific survival rates, compare the two hospitals regarding the chances of survival and review the use of antenatal corticosteroids. Design 1496 babies were included prospectively in the study between June and November 2012. Survival was defined as discharge from the nursery or postnatal ward. Results Survival was 7% for extremely low birth weight infants, 52% for very low birth weight and 90% for low birth weight (1500–2499 g). There was a marked increase in survival from 1100?g. Survival was significantly higher in KCH only for babies weighing below 1200?g. The majority of deaths occurred within the first 3?days of life. Only 98 of the babies had a mother who had received antenatal corticosteroids. Conclusions With the current resources, we suggest focusing efforts on preventing early neonatal deaths in low birth weight infants above 1100?g in the hospitals in Lilongwe. The coverage of antenatal steroids for mothers at risk of preterm delivery can be improved. Further studies are needed on the quality of the obstetric and neonatal care at the hospitals and how to reduce the high rate of preterm birth in Malawi. PMID:25516259

    15. Helping small babies survive: an evaluation of facility-based Kangaroo Mother Care implementation progress in Uganda

      PubMed Central

      Aliganyira, Patrick; Kerber, Kate; Davy, Karen; Gamache, Nathalie; Sengendo, Namaala Hanifah; Bergh, Anne-Marie

      2014-01-01

      Introduction Prematurity is the leading cause of newborn death in Uganda, accounting for 38% of the nation's 39,000 annual newborn deaths. Kangaroo mother care is a high-impact; cost-effective intervention that has been prioritized in policy in Uganda but implementation has been limited. Methods A standardised, cross-sectional, mixed-method evaluation design was used, employing semi-structured key-informant interviews and observations in 11 health care facilities implementing kangaroo mother care in Uganda. Results The facilities visited scored between 8.28 and 21.72 out of the possible 30 points with a median score of 14.71. Two of the 3 highest scoring hospitals were private, not-for-profit hospitals whereas the second highest scoring hospital was a central teaching hospital. Facilities with KMC services are not equally distributed throughout the country. Only 4 regions (Central 1, Central 2, East-Central and Southwest) plus the City of Kampala were identified as having facilities providing KMC services. Conclusion KMC services are not instituted with consistent levels of quality and are often dependent on private partner support. With increasing attention globally and in country, Uganda is in a unique position to accelerate access to and quality of health services for small babies across the country. PMID:25667699

    16. MAPUniversity Hospital Directions from University Hospital to

      E-print Network

      Pharmacy Lobby Visitor Elevators Escalator Patient Elevators University Hospital Information ElevatorVERSION 1 MAPUniversity Hospital VERSION 5 Directions from University Hospital to: Huntsman Cancer on the sixth floor of the Huntsman Cancer Hospital. Open Mon.­Fri. 7 a.m.­8:30 p.m., Sat.­Sun. 11 a.m.­7 p

    17. A Parents' Guide for Well-Baby Care and Minor Hospitalizations.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Luchini, Alice, Ed.

      This manual offers practical guidelines for many of the concerns that parents have about their infants and toddlers. The manual is divided into seven chapters; each is written by an expert in the field of pediatrics, early childhood education, nutrition, or family care. The following areas are covered: (1) newborn and infant care; (2) growth and…

    18. [A Recreation Room for adolescents who are hospitalized at a tertiary-care Center: Care Program for Hospitalized Adolescents].

      PubMed

      Mato, Roberto; Rodríguez, M Susana

      2015-06-01

      Hospital admission is a high-impact event in children. Adolescence is a critical and complex period of human development that may be adversely affected by hospitalization. At the Garrahan Hospital, where adolescents account for more than 30% of inpatients, a program for comprehensive care of adolescents was set up in 2008 with a special focus on their specific needs. As a part of this program, the aim of the Recreation Room for Hospitalized Adolescents is to provide a friendly environment to reduce stress and anxiety and to facilitate the learning of healthy behaviors, under the permanent care of nurses and medical doctors. Interventions in health, leisure time, education, and emotional care are effective in diminishing the negative impact of hospitalization and prevent risk behaviors. Our objective was to report our experience in the Recreation Room for Hospitalized Adolescents. PMID:25996325

    19. A survey of the quality of maternity care at the Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

      Microsoft Academic Search

      J Ifionu; T Hamouda; M Saleh

      2010-01-01

      This study was planned to assess the quality of maternity care provided in a busy teaching maternity unit. An anonymous questionnaire based on the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) standards of maternity care document (2008) was distributed among all women delivered at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital between February and July 2009.1 Women who delivered stillbirths and babies

    20. DISC-Finder: A Distributed Algorithm for Identifying Galaxy Clusters Friends-of-Friends Algorithm

      E-print Network

      Fink, Eugene

      cross-cube merging list of galaxies galaxy clusters We have developed a distributed versionDISC-Finder: A Distributed Algorithm for Identifying Galaxy Clusters SVD10 Friends-of-Friends Algorithm Bin Fu, Kai Ren, Julio López, Eugene Fink, Garth Gibson · Two galaxies are "friends

    1. Development of the e-Baby serious game with regard to the evaluation of oxygenation in preterm babies: contributions of the emotional design.

      PubMed

      Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Dias, Danielle Monteiro Vilela; Góes, Fernanda Dos Santos Nogueira; Seixas, Carlos Alberto; Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan; Martins, José Carlos Amado; Rodrigues, Manuel Alves

      2014-09-01

      The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs a clinical evaluation of the respiratory process in a virtual preterm infant. The user learns about the preterm baby's history, chooses the tools for the clinical evaluation, evaluates the baby, and determines whether his/her evaluation is appropriate. The e-Baby game presents phases that contain respiratory process impairments of higher or lower complexity in the virtual preterm baby. Included links give the user the option of recording the entire evaluation procedure and sharing his/her performance on a social network. e-Baby integrates a Clinical Evaluation of the Preterm Baby course in the Moodle virtual environment. This game, which evaluates the respiratory process in preterm infants, could support a more flexible, attractive, and interactive teaching and learning process that includes simulations with features very similar to neonatal unit realities, thus allowing more appropriate training for clinical oxygenation evaluations in at-risk preterm infants. e-Baby allows advanced user-technology-educational interactions because it requires active participation in the process and is emotionally integrated. PMID:25010051

    2. Hospitals for sale.

      PubMed

      Costello, Michael M; West, Daniel J; Ramirez, Bernardo

      2011-01-01

      The pace of hospital merger and acquisition activity reflects the economic theory of supply and demand: Publicly traded hospital companies, private equity funds, and large nonprofit hospital systems are investing capital to purchase and operate freestanding community hospitals at a time when many of those hospitals find themselves short of capital reserves and certain forms of management expertise. But the sale of those community hospitals also raises questions about the impact of absentee ownership on the communities which those hospitals serve. PMID:21864058

    3. Expression of human angiogenin in cultured baby hamster kidney cells

      SciTech Connect

      Kurachi, K.; Rybak, S.M.; Fett, J.W.; Shapiro, R.; Strydom, D.J.; Olson, K.A.; Riordan, J.F.; Davie, E.W.; Vallee, B.L.

      1988-08-23

      Baby hamster kidney cells were transformed with DNA sequences derived from the gene for human angiogenin. Expression was under the transcriptional control of the inducible mouse metallothionein 1 promoter. Recombinant angiogenin was purified and shown to be chemically, biologically, and enzymatically indistinguishable from the natural product. The large-scale production of recombinant angiogenin achieved should facilitate detailed studies into the structure-function relationships of this potent angiogenic molecule.

    4. Follow-up study of small-for-dates babies

      Microsoft Academic Search

      R Fancourt; S Campbell; D Harvey; A P Norman

      1976-01-01

      A group of small-for-dates full-term babies whose intra-uterine growth was followed by serial ultrasonic cephalometry were examined at a mean age of 4 years. Those children whose skull growth had begun to slow in utero before 34 weeks' menstrual age were more likely to have a height and weight less than the 10th centile. When the onset of growth failure

    5. The Baby Boom and World War II: A Macroeconomic Analysis

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Matthias Doepke; Moshe Hazan; Yishay D. Maoz

      2008-01-01

      We argue that one major cause of the U.S. postwar baby boom was the increased demand for female labour during World War II. We develop a quantitative dynamic general equilibrium model with endogenous fertility and female labour-force participation decisions. We use the model to assess the long-term implications of a one-time demand shock for female labour, such as the one

    6. Temperature reinforcement for visual discrimination training in baby chicks

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Evelyn Lee-Teng; STUART R. BUTLERt

      1971-01-01

      A fully automated training apparatus, using thermoregulation as performance incentive, was constructed to train baby chicks\\u000a on visual discrimination and reversal problems. In the base condition, the S is bathed in cold air in a small training cubicle.\\u000a Two stimuli are back-projected onto two display windows according to a pseudorandom balanced schedule. A peck at the positive\\u000a stimulus gives convective

    7. Bisphenol A migration from polycarbonate baby bottle with repeated use

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Sung-Hyun Nam; Young-Min Seo; Man-Goo Kim

      2010-01-01

      This study was to quantify the migration of bisphenol A (BPA), from new polycarbonate (PC) baby bottle into the water filled in the bottle, with repeated use up to 100 times and extraction by water temperature ranging from 40°C to 100°C. BPA was determined by GC–MS, operated in the selected ion monitoring mode. The concentrations of BPA, migrated from brand-new

    8. Baby universes and fractal structure of 2d gravity

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Thorleifsson, Gudmar

      1994-04-01

      We extract the string susceptibility exponent ?str by measuring the distribution of baby universes on surfaces in the case of various matter fields coupled to discrete 2d quantum gravity. For c <= 1 the results are in good agreement with the KPZ-formula, if logarithmic corrections are taken into account for c = 1. For c > 1 it is not as clear how to extract ?str but universality with respect to c is observed in the fractal structure.

    9. Consumer attitudes about health care acquired infections: a German survey on factors considered important in the choice of a hospital.

      PubMed

      Vonberg, Ralf-Peter; Sander, Carsten; Gastmeier, Petra

      2008-01-01

      Most patients are free in their choice of hospital for nonemergency admissions. In a nationwide survey in 1000 German households, we interviewed randomly chosen persons (age 14 and older) by phone about what they consider important when choosing a hospital. A standardized questionnaire was used. Additionally, question order was randomized prior to each interview. Demographic data included age, gender, education, and previous admissions to hospitals. Categories that might influence the choice of hospital included "distance to hospital," "friendly staff," "staff-to-patient ratio," "cleanliness," "nosocomial infection rate," "own experiences," "friend's opinion," and "facility's reputation in public media." General cleanliness, low nosocomial infection rates, and friendly staff proved to be the most important issues in our study. In contrast, the reputation of the health care facility in the public media was much less important. It seems that kindness and basic hygiene measures, both quite inexpensive factors, are key issues for patients. PMID:18187591

    10. Relations of Friends' Activities to Friendship Quality

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mathur, Ravisha; Berndt, Thomas J.

      2006-01-01

      Two studies were conducted to examine age and sex differences in friends' activities and relations of participation in these activities to perceived friendship quality. In Study 1, 52 fourth and eighth graders were asked open-ended questions about activities they do with their best friends. In Study 2, 105 fourth and eighth graders reported both…

    11. Students' Facebook ‘friends’: public and private spheres

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Anne West; Jane Lewis; Peter Currie

      2009-01-01

      Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of ‘friends’. This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student users of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as Facebook friends, and the attitudes towards such friendships and potential friendships

    12. Florida-Friendly LandscapingTM Program

      E-print Network

      Jawitz, James W.

      by The Manasota Basin Board of the Southwest Florida Water Management District #12;Florida-Friendly Landscaping of wildlife, responsible management of yard pests, recycling yard waste, reduction of stormwater runoff · University of Florida · Water Management Districts #12;Florida-Friendly Landscape Guidance Models

    13. A gauged baby Skyrme model and a novel BPS bound

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2012-09-23

      The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. Its action functional consists of a potential term, a kinetic term quadratic in derivatives (the "nonlinear sigma model term") and the Skyrme term quartic in first derivatives. The limiting case of vanishing sigma model term (the so-called BPS baby Skyrme model) is known to support exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this model. Further, the BPS model has infinitely many symmetries and conservation laws. Recently it was found that the gauged version of the BPS baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term, too, has a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. This BPS bound is determined by a superpotential which has to obey a superpotential equation, in close analogy to the situation in supergravity. Further, the BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a global solution. We also briefly describe some properties of soliton solutions.

    14. A gauged baby Skyrme model and a novel BPS bound

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2013-02-01

      The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. Its action functional consist of a potential term, a kinetic term quadratic in derivatives (the "nonlinear sigma model term") and the Skyrme term quartic in first derivatives. The limiting case of vanishing sigma model term (the so-called BPS baby Skyrme model) is known to support exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this model. Further, the BPS model has infinitely many symmetries and conservation laws. Recently it was found that the gauged version of the BPS baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term, too, has a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. This BPS bound is determined by a superpotential which has to obey a superpotential equation, in close analogy to the situation in supergravity. Further, the BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a global solution. We also briefly describe some properties of soliton solutions.

    15. How much wrapping do babies need at night?

      PubMed

      Wigfield, R E; Fleming, P J; Azaz, Y E; Howell, T E; Jacobs, D E; Nadin, P S; McCabe, R; Stewart, A J

      1993-08-01

      In a longitudinal, population based study, overnight temperature recordings were made in the bedrooms of 152 babies aged 3-18 weeks and the insulation provided by their bedclothing was assessed. Outdoor temperatures for the study nights were also available. Parents applied more insulation on colder nights with lower bedroom temperatures than on warmer nights (mean 8.5 tog at 15 degrees C minimum bedroom temperature falling to 4.0 tog at 25 degrees C). For a particular temperature they also applied 2 tog more insulation in winter than in summer. The amounts of bedclothing used in the home were compared with insulation levels predicted to achieve thermo-neutrality over a similar range of environmental temperature from heat balance studies in young infants. They corresponded closely. The average amount of bedclothing chosen for babies in Avon allows them to remain in thermoneutral conditions throughout the night. These values are proposed as broad guidelines for the thermal care of young babies at night. PMID:8215517

    16. [The shaken baby syndrome as a kind of domestic abuse].

      PubMed

      Talarowska, Monika; Florkowski, Antoni; Mossakowska, Joanna; Ga?ecki, Piotr

      2010-07-01

      In the recent decades research on child abuse has grown impressively. Four types of child abuse: physical, psychological (emotional), sexual, and neglect have been clinically observed and defined. In 1972, John Caffey, a pediatric radiologist, published an article on the theory and practice of the abusive shaking of infants. This was followed, in 1974, with a second article on the whiplash shaken baby syndrome (SBS). Shaken baby syndrome, is caused by the violent shaking of a child with or without contact between the child's head and a hard surface. Such contact may result in head trauma, including subdural hematoma, diffuse axonal injury and retinal hemorrhage. The annual estimated rate of inflicted traumatic brain injury is 30 cases per 100,000 children aged 1 year of younger. Shaken baby syndrome often occurs after shaking in response to crying bouts. In 2001, an estimated 903,000 children were victims of SBS. Additionally, 1300 children were fatally injured from SBS the same year. The ability to detect SBS is difficult secondary to under reporting and misdiagnosis. There is no established set of symptoms that indicate SBS. PMID:20712255

    17. Carbon Dioxide: Friend or Foe?

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Muller, C.

      Carbon Dioxide: Friend or Foe is a short rnonograph on the so-called carbon dioxide greenhouse effect. The author challenges the established view that the present CO2 increase would, in the long term, lead to a global ground temperature increase. S. B. Idso, from four sets of observations, has deduced that the temperature response to an increased received energy at the ground should be less than or equal to 0.113 K (W/m2). If this result is combined with the 2.28 W/m2 of increased radiation expected from CO2 doubling, he finds a temperature increase of 0.26 K, which cannot be distinguished form the natural temperature fluctuation. This conclusion is in disagreement with virtually all the current mathematical models that predict a ground temperature response of an order of magnitude or more higher.

    18. Hospitals for Sale

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Michael M. Costello; Daniel J. West Jr; Bernardo Ramirez

      2011-01-01

      The pace of hospital merger and acquisition activity reflects the economic theory of supply and demand: Publicly traded hospital companies, private equity funds, and large nonprofit hospital systems are investing capital to purchase and operate freestanding community hospitals at a time when many of those hospitals find themselves short of capital reserves and certain forms of management expertise. But the

    19. Epidural anaesthesia through caudal catheters for inguinal herniotomies in awake ex-premature babies.

      PubMed

      Peutrell, J M; Hughes, D G

      1993-02-01

      Ex-premature babies are at risk of apnoea after surgery. Regional anaesthesia has been used as an alternative to general anaesthesia for some surgical procedures in the belief that it may be safer. However, single dose caudal epidural and subarachnoid anaesthetics have a duration of action which may be insufficient for some operations. The level and duration of anaesthesia can be extended if local anaesthetic is given through an epidural catheter. In addition, the dose needed to provide adequate anaesthesia may be lower because the local anaesthetic is given at an appropriate segmental level. We report our experience of caudal epidural anaesthesia in nine, awake ex-premature babies who were having inguinal herniotomies. The anaesthesia was excellent in six babies. Two babies cried briefly with peritoneal or spermatic cord traction. One other baby needed supplementation with nitrous oxide in oxygen in order to complete the surgery. The majority of babies slept throughout surgery. There were no reported postoperative complications. PMID:8460759

    20. An innovative simplified MCH score for assessing the ideal babies in well baby shows of postpartum outreach programme.

      PubMed

      Anandalakshmy, P N; Mittal, S

      1995-01-01

      In India, a simple scoring method was used to select winners at 18 well-baby shows over the last five years in low-income areas of Kotla Mubarakpur and Gautam Nagar, in the Rajeev Gandhi Resettlement Colony, in jhuggi jhopri clusters around the All Institute of Medical Sciences (AAIMS) in New Delhi, and in the Bangladeshi refugee colony (Kidwai Nagar). The parameters used to select ideal babies were parents' age at marriage and educational status, mother's age at first birth, number of living children in relation to marriage duration, immunization status of living children, birth interval, contraceptive use, and routine criteria on general health and hygiene. Winners were chosen among infants, toddlers (1-2 years), and preschool children (2-5). Health promotional activities, maternal and child health (MCH) services, and family planning (FP) services were featured at the health camps where the well-baby shows occurred. 60-90 children and 100-2000 couples participated in the well-baby shows. Health workers explained to parents of children with a poor score why their children had a poor score. At the health camps, parents adopted FP methods and had their children immunized, regardless of score, so as to improve their score for the next show and to win prizes. The well-baby scores improved over time (24.64-31.2 for Kotla Mubarakpur, 19-24.6 for Gautam Nagar, 20.9-22.4 for Rajeev Gandhi, 20.6-23.6 for AIIMS jhuggi, and 13.6-21.4 for Kidwai Nagar). A weekly clinic operating in Kotla Mubarakpur accounted for the high initial mean score. Gautam Nagar had only periodic health services. A weekly mobile health van provided services in the Rajeev Gandhi colony. Door to door contacts were conducted in the jhuggi jhopri clusters to promote MCH/FP services. The scoring method reinforced integration of MCH/FP services. It allowed local health workers to make rapid analyses and MCH decision making. It also served as a tool to monitor the efficacy of local MCH/FP services. PMID:12319818

    1. Nonrelativistic Dark-Energy Fluid in a Baby Universe

      E-print Network

      P. C. Stichel; W. J. Zakrzewski

      2008-07-23

      We show that the dynamical realization of the acceleration-enlarged Galilean symmetry leads to nonrelativistic massless particles whose energy may be negative. We present a fluid mechanical generalisation of this observation and use it to contruct a nonrelativistic two-dimensional fluid model which possesses solutions with a negative energy density. Considering this model as describing dark energy in a baby universe (two space dimensions) we show that its negative energy density leads to a repulsive gravitational interaction of the fluid with any test body.

    2. Creation and structure of baby universes in monopole collisions

      SciTech Connect

      Borde, A. [Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)] [Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States); Trodden, M.; Vachaspati, T. [Particle Astrophysics Theory Group, Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7079 (United States)] [Particle Astrophysics Theory Group, Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7079 (United States)

      1999-02-01

      Under certain circumstances, the collision of magnetic monopoles, topologically locked-in regions of false vacuum, leads to topological inflation and the creation of baby universes. The future evolution of initial data represented by the two incoming monopoles may contain a timelike singularity but this need not be the case. We discuss the global structure of the spacetime associated with monopole collisions and also that of topological inflation. We suggest that topological inflation within magnetic monopoles leads to an eternally reproducing universe. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

    3. The Case of the Crying Baby Surgical vs. Medical Management

      NSDL National Science Digital Library

      Kari A. Mergenhagen

      2003-01-01

      The parents of a six-week-old baby girl know there is something seriously wrong with their child, but it takes a number of frustrating visits to the pediatrician before they finally get a correct diagnosis. Once they do, the parents must decide whether they want to seek a surgical solution or rely on a course of medical treatment for their daughter. Best suited for classes in pharmacology, nursing, or medicine, this case could also be used in a basic biology or anatomy course.

    4. Environmentally friendly preparation of metal nanoparticles

      EPA Science Inventory

      The book chapter summarizes the ?state of the art? in the exploitation of various environmentally-friendly synthesis approaches, reaction precursors and conditions to manufacture metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for a vast variety of purposes....

    5. What's Inside friends of the accounting

      E-print Network

      What's Inside friends of the accounting program new endowed scholarship remembers accounting board member faculty and alumni notes Accounting Professor H. Thomas Johnson was recently awarded the prestigious American Accounting Association Seminal Contributions to Accounting Literature Award for his book

    6. References for TEX and Friends Michael Wiedmann

      E-print Network

      Bittner, Eric R.

      References for TEX and Friends Michael Wiedmann V0.3.6 2004-06-21 #12;#12;Revision History Revision 2002, 2003 Peter Karp, Michael Wiedmann Copyright c 2004 Michael Wiedmann License Permission is granted

    7. How to Make Financial Aid "Freshman-Friendly"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pugh, Susan L.; Johnson, David B.

      2011-01-01

      Ultimately, making financial aid "freshman friendly" also makes financial aid "sophomore friendly," "junior friendly," and "senior friendly." Indiana University has in place an Office of Enrollment Management (OEM) model that includes focused financial aid packaging strategies complemented by unique contact services and communication interventions…

    8. Friend or foe: Personal use and friends' use of protective behavioral strategies and spring break drinking.

      PubMed

      Lewis, Melissa A; Sheng, Elisa; Geisner, Irene M; Rhew, Isaac C; Patrick, Megan E; Lee, Christine M

      2015-11-01

      The present study examined associations between use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) by college students and their friends and drinking-related outcomes during Spring Break (SB). Moreover, this study examined the influence of friends' own PBS use on participants' PBS use during SB. Participants included college students (N=694) and their nominated friends (N=131) who were part of a larger study of SB drinking. Data were collected via web-based surveys that participants and friends took after SB, which assessed SB PBS, drinking, and related negative consequences. Results indicated that higher levels of Serious Harm Reduction (SHR) strategies and Limiting/Stopping (LS) strategies were associated with increased consumption, higher likelihood of experiencing any consequences, and an increased number of consequences. A different pattern emerged for Manner of Drinking (MD) strategy use; participants utilizing higher levels of MD strategies drank less and had fewer consequences. LS and MD strategies used by the participant's friends appeared to have less of an impact on the participant's drinking outcomes. However, greater friends' use of SHR strategies was associated with increased alcohol use by the participant, but not with consequences. Greater friends' use of SHR strategies was associated with greater SHR strategy use by the participant. Friends' LS and MD strategies were not associated with participant drinking, consequences, or PBS. These findings highlight the potential utility of interventions that focus on drinking behaviors on specific high-risk occasions for those at risk as well as for their friends. PMID:26114981

    9. Measuring Rural Hospital Quality

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid

      2004-01-01

      Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are sensitive…

    10. Whose Hand Rocks the Cradle? Parallel Discourses in the Baby Room

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Powell, Sacha; Goouch, Kathy

      2012-01-01

      This article explores the practice narratives of a group of 25 caregivers who work with babies in daycare settings in England and seeks to illustrate awareness of, resistance to and compliance with powerful discourses. It is argued that multiple voices exert an influence over baby room practice, disempowering the caregivers and reducing their…

    11. Comparative efficiency of three organic manures at varying rates of its application to baby corn

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Supradip Saha; Gopinath K. Appireddy; Samaresh Kundu; Hari S. Gupta

      2007-01-01

      The management of a fast-growing crop like baby corn under organic condition is poorly understood and related information is meager. We conducted field trials in the northwestern Himalayas of India during two seasons (2004 – 2005) to determine the effects of three organic manures on protein and mineral constituents of baby corn, yield attributes, cob and fodder yield. Farmyard manure, vermicompost and

    12. Mercury in first-cut baby hair of children with autism versus typically-developing children

      Microsoft Academic Search

      J. B. Adams; J. Romdalvik; K. E. Levine; L.-W. Hu

      2008-01-01

      Children with autism were examined to determine amounts of mercury (Hg) in their baby hair and the factors that might affect Hg body burden. US children with autism (n = 78) and matched controls (n = 31) born between 1988 and 1999 were studied. Hg in first-cut baby hair was determined using cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (CVAFS). Twenty samples were split and also

    13. Bridging the Gap: Identifying Perceptions of Effective Teaching Methods for Age 50+ Baby Boomer Learners

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Newberry, Sheila

      2013-01-01

      The purpose of this study was to identify effective teaching methods for age 50+ baby boomer learners. The study used a mixed methods research design. The qualitative paradigm used focus group sessions and the quantitative paradigm was completed through surveys. Fifteen age 50+ baby boomer learners and 11 faculty who teach them comprised the two…

    14. Babies, Music and Gender: Music Playschools in Finland as Multimodal Participatory Spaces

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Leppanen, Taru

      2011-01-01

      Studies of education and childhood studies in general tend to focus on the experiences and cultures of toddlers and school-age children. The experiences and cultures of babies and infants are often excluded from the scope of the studies of children. In Gilles Deleuze's (and Felix Guattari's) thinking, a child, and especially a baby or an infant,…

    15. What about the Dads: A Case Study of Young Fathers of Babies Born to Adolescent Mothers

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Scholl, Marilyn Faris

      2012-01-01

      Adolescent pregnancy remains a persistent societal problem. Both teenage mothers and the fathers of their babies are unprepared for parenthood and often drop out of school, take low-paying jobs, and never complete their education. Fathers of babies born to adolescent mothers are a critical but often forgotten component of the adolescent pregnancy…

    16. America's Baby Boom Generation: The Fateful Bulge. Population Bulletin. Vol. 35, No. 1. April 1980.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bouvier, Leon F.

      This bulletin examines the baby boom, its causes, its size, and its impact on U.S. society. Nearly 42 million births occurred in the U.S. from 1955 to 1964. Several reasons are given for this baby boom which interrupted a century long fertility decline. Demographically the primary causes were more people marrying and having at least two children…

    17. The Major Impacts of the Baby Boom upon American Life, 1945-2050.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Vaughan, Jerry L.

      The demographic context of the baby boom in the United States (1946-1964) as well as past and future impacts of this population increase are considered in this review of research. During the 18-year period, over 76,000,000 babies were born, more than the entire population of the United States in 1900. Reasons for the increase are attributed to…

    18. Paru dans Prenatal Diagnosis, 1998, 18 :437-445. ADOPTION AND FOSTERING OF BABIES

      E-print Network

      noticed an increase in newborns with Down syndrome being placed up for adoption. The aim of this study : Down syndrome, human adoption, foster care inserm-00354600,version1-20Jan2009 #12;3 INTRODUCTION Until for adoption, showed that 12% had Down syndrome (DS). These babies represent 25.9% of total babies with DS

    19. Oxygen Consumption and Heat Balance in the Cot-nursed Baby

      Microsoft Academic Search

      E. N. Hey; Bridget OConnell

      1970-01-01

      Oxygen consumption and heat balance have been studied in 42 clothed babies under varied environmental temperature conditions. The information obtained has made it possible to compare the thermal environment provided by an incubator with that provided by an ordinary nursery cot. Some of the merits of cots and incubators are contrasted.Resistance to heat loss in a naked newborn baby lying

    20. Temperature variation in newborn babies: importance of physical contact with the mother

      Microsoft Academic Search

      A-L Fransson; H Karlsson; K Nilsson

      2005-01-01

      Background: Hypothermia is a major cause of deterioration and death in the neonatal period. Temperature deviations are key signs of illness.Objective: To determine normal patterns of temperature variation in newborn babies and the influence of external factors.Methods: Abdominal and foot skin temperature were continuously recorded in 27 healthy full term babies during the first two days of life and related

    1. The Crossover Generation: Baby Boomers and the Role of the Public Library

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Sullivan, Jen

      2010-01-01

      The article explores the concept of baby boomers as a "crossover" generation, one that embodies characteristics of previous and later generations. The context is the retirement of the baby boomers and its potential impact on the public library. Ethnographic method within a constructivist framework was used, employing the techniques of focus groups…

    2. Guidelines for Library Services to Babies and Toddlers. IFLA Professional Reports, No. 100

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (NJ1), 2007

      2007-01-01

      The Guidelines are focused on the library services to babies and toddlers, their families and supporting organizations dealing with early literacy and appropriate services for the very young. Early brain development research has shown the unequivocal impact that talking, singing and reading to babies and toddlers can have on their acquisition of…

    3. Oh! What a Smart Baby: What You Need to Know about Children's Brain Development

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Arnold, Renea; Colburn, Nell

      2005-01-01

      Brain research is complicated, but its message is simple: babies are born learning and what they learn is up to us. New research on infant brain development shows that a child's experiences in the first three years of life have a distinct impact on her later development and learning. Here's why. All babies are born with one organ that is not fully…

    4. After vaginal delivery - in the hospital

      MedlinePLUS

      ... chest while a nurse closely evaluates your baby's transition. Transition is the period after birth when your baby's ... may need oxygen or extra nursing care to transition. A small number may need to be transferred ...

    5. Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes of Teenage Pregnant Women Attending a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Oman

      PubMed Central

      Al-Haddabi, Rahma; Al-Bash, Majeda; Al-Mabaihsi, Nadia; Al-Maqbali, Najla; Al-Dhughaishi, Tamima; Abu-Heija, Adel

      2014-01-01

      Objective To study the obstetrical and perinatal outcomes of teenage Omani girls with singleton pregnancies at a tertiary teaching hospital. Methods This is a retrospective case control study. We reviewed obstetric and perinatal outcomes of teenage nulliparous pregnant Omani girls with singleton pregnancies aged 14 to 19 years, delivered at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2013. We compared their outcomes with outcomes of pregnant nulliparous Omani women with singleton pregnancies aged 20 to 25 years old delivered at the same hospital during the same period. Results When compared with pregnant women (n=307), teenage pregnant girls (n=307) were found to have higher proportion of preterm delivery <32 weeks (7% vs. 3%, p=0.040), preterm pre-labor rupture of membranes (PPROM) (19% vs. 11%, p=0.005) and anemia (58% vs. 44%, p=0.005). Cesarean section rate was higher in women than teenager girls (20% vs. 10%, p=0.001). Teenager girls had lighter babies (mean weight ± standard deviation 2,750±690 vs. 2,890±480, p=0.020), incidence of very low birth weight babies (<1,500g) was higher in teenagers (3.9% vs. 0.3%, p=0.003), but perinatal mortality rate was similar in the two groups. Conclusion Teenage pregnant Omani women are at increased risk of preterm delivery before 32 weeks gestation, PPROM, anemia, and delivering very low birth weight babies. PMID:25584155

    6. Effect of agglomeration on flowability of baby food powders.

      PubMed

      Szulc, Karolina; Lenart, Andrzej

      2010-06-01

      The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the wet agglomeration in a fluidized bed on flowability of agglomerated products, such as baby food powders. The agglomeration process was performed in the fluidized bed. The wetting liquid used to the process was: water, 2% lecithin solution, and 50% sugar solution. Food powders flowability was expressed as: Hausner Ratio, pouring time, angles of sliding and of repose and flow function. The composition of materials, used to prepare mixtures, has a significant influence on tested properties. The higher milk powder of the mixtures caused decreasing of their flowability. Wet agglomeration of baby food powders caused an increase in the mean diameter of particles, which made it possible to receive agglomerates with good flowability and decreased bulk density. The increase of milk powder content from 0 to 73% in the mixture before the agglomeration contributed to improve its flowability. Wet agglomeration with 2% lecithin solution and 50% sugar solution reduced particle size and bulk density, improved flowability of received agglomerates in relation to agglomerates received with water as a wetting liquid. PMID:20629874

    7. Brain maturation of preterm newborn babies: new insights.

      PubMed

      Ramenghi, Luca A; Fumagalli, Monica; Bassi, Laura; Groppo, Michela; De Carli, Agnese; Fanaro, Silvia; Mosca, Fabio

      2007-12-01

      Preterm birth still results in a high number of neurodevelopmental sequelae, although major forms of brain lesions--such as periventricular leukomalacia and intraventricular hemorrhage--are significantly reduced in this population of babies compared with a few years ago. This paper focuses on the possible reasons for this phenomenon. Some brain lesions, such as those affecting the periventricular white matter and the cerebellum, may be underestimated if magnetic resonance imaging is not used. In addition, a functional neurological consequence is not necessarily due to a recognized brain lesion, but may simply derive from an abnormally or suboptimally developed brain structure. The quality of nutrition given to a preterm baby could play a crucial role in such cases. In fact, nutrition is known to affect brain function; a case in point is the improvement in visual function resulting from dietary essential fatty acids. Finally, research in this area should aim at both reducing potential hazards and improving the quality of perinatal care, including the quality of nutrition. PMID:18185080

    8. Shaken baby syndrome: pathogenetic mechanism, clinical features and preventive aspects.

      PubMed

      Vitale, A; Vicedomini, D; Vega, G R; Greco, N; Messi, G

      2012-12-01

      The shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is an extremely serious form of child abuse and a leading cause of death and disability in childhood. The syndrome usually occurs in infants younger than 1 year when a parent or a care-giver tries to stop the baby from crying by vigorous manual shaking. The repetitive oscillations with rotational acceleration of the head can result in injuries of both vascular and neuronal structures. The most frequent injuries associated with SBS include encephalopathy, retinal hemorrhages, and subdural hemorrhage. Fractures of the vertebrae, long bones, and ribs may also be associated with the syndrome. Victims of abuse have various presenting signs and symptoms ranging from irritability, decreased responsiveness and lethargy to convulsions, and death. Diagnosis is often difficult because usually parents or caregivers not tell the truth about what has happened to their child and because usually there is no external evidence of trauma. However, the syndrome might be suspected if the information provided are vague or changing and when the child presents with retinal hemorrhages, subdural hematoma, or fractures that cannot be explained by accidental trauma or other medical conditions. Of infants who are victims of SBS, approximately 15% to 38% die and 30% are at risk of long-term neurologic sequelae, including cognitive and behavioural disturbances, motor and visual deficits, learning deficits and epilepsy. Parents and caregivers must be warned about the dangers of shaking infants. PMID:23108326

    9. [Survey of pesticide residues in baby foods (1999.4-2005.6)].

      PubMed

      Kobayashi, Maki; Takano, Ichiro; Tamura, Yasuhiro; Tomizawa, Sanae; Tateishi, Yukinari; Sakai, Naoko; Kamijo, Kyoko; Ibe, Akihiro; Nagayama, Toshihiro

      2007-12-01

      A survey of pesticide residues in 316 baby foods on the Tokyo market from April 1999 to June 2005 was carried out. Fifteen kinds of pesticides, including organophosphorus, organochlorine, carbamate, pyrethroid and others, were detected between at levels Tr (below 0.01 ppm) and 0.55 ppm from 28 samples. The baby foods in which residual pesticides were detected were produced from flour, leaf vegetable and fruits. The pesticides were detected in baby foods produced with minimal processing, such as straining and squeezing. For the baby foods containing pesticides, the amounts of intake of the pesticides were calculated from the recommended servings, and compared with the ADI values. Residual pesticide levels in baby food were between 0.06 and 16.6% of the ADI. Therefore, these foods should be safe in normal usage. PMID:18203504

    10. The Effects of a Baby Boom on Stock Prices and Capital Accumulation in the Presence of Social Security

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Andrew B. Abel

      2001-01-01

      Is the stock market boom a result of the baby boom? This paper develops an overlapping generations model in which a baby boom is modeled as a high realization of a random birth rate, and the price of capital is determined endogenously by a convex cost of adjustment. A baby boom increases national saving and investment and thus causes an

    11. Friend of My Friend: Network Formation with Two-Hop Benefit

      E-print Network

      Anshelevich, Elliot

      Friend of My Friend: Network Formation with Two-Hop Benefit Elliot Anshelevich, Onkar Bhardwaj it gets from the nodes it is acquainted with via a two-hop connection (called two-hop benefit). We call such games Two-Hop Games. The decision to consider only two hops stems from the observation that human agents

    12. The Social Rules that Children use: Close Friends, Other Friends, and \\

      Microsoft Academic Search

      B. J. Bigelow; G. Tesson; J. H. Lewko

      1992-01-01

      This study addressed the question of how relationships differ in terms of how children function within them. A total of 652 children of both sexes from ages 9 to 13 rated how frequently they use 56 social rules in one of two check-lists in getting along with mother, father, brother, sister, close friend, other friend, other kids, and teacher relations.

    13. [Fostering LGBT-friendly healthcare services].

      PubMed

      Wei, Han-Ting; Chen, Mu-Hong; Ku, Wen-Wei

      2015-02-01

      LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) patients suffer from stigma and discrimination when seeking healthcare. A large LGBT healthcare survey revealed that 56% of gay patients and 70% of transgender patients suffered some type of discrimination while seeking healthcare in 2014. The fostering of LGBT-friendly healthcare services is not just an advanced step of gender mainstreaming but also a fulfillment of health equality and equity. Additionally, LGBT-friendly healthcare services are expected to provide new opportunities for healthcare workers. Therefore, proactive government policies, education, research, and clinical practice should all encourage the development of these healthcare services. We look forward to a well-developed LGBT-friendly healthcare system in Taiwan. PMID:25631181

    14. Australian baby boomers face retirement during the global financial crisis.

      PubMed

      Kendig, Hal; Wells, Yvonne; O'Loughlin, Kate; Heese, Karla

      2013-01-01

      This paper examines the impact in Australia of the global financial crisis on the baby boom cohort approaching later life. Data from national focus groups of people aged 50 to 64 years (N = 73), conducted in late 2008, found widespread but variable concern and uncertainty concerning work and retirement plans and experiences. A national survey (N = 1,009) of those aged 50 to 64 years in mid-2009 reported lower levels of financial satisfaction compared with other life domains; many planned to postpone retirement. Findings are interpreted in the context of policies and markets that differed significantly from those in the United States, notwithstanding the global nature of the financial crisis. PMID:23837628

    15. Shaken Baby Syndrome as a Form of Abusive Head Trauma

      PubMed Central

      Al-Saadoon, Muna; Elnour, Ibtisam B.; Ganesh, Anuradha

      2011-01-01

      Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of abuse that is characterised by brain injury. Because of the subtle and yet debilitating neurobehavioural impairment which ensues, SBS represents a diagnostic dilemma for attending clinicians. The situation is made worse by the young age of the affected child who may not be capable of explaining what happened. SBS has been reported in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of literature on the topic from Arab/Islamic countries. This article attempts to shed light on the syndrome by reviewing information on the aetiology of SBS, as well as on its diagnosis and the reasons for delayed diagnosis. The central aim of this review is to increase awareness of SBS so that enlightened policies for prevention and intervention could be developed in the region and particularly in Oman. PMID:22087372

    16. Shaken baby syndrome as a form of abusive head trauma.

      PubMed

      Al-Saadoon, Muna; Elnour, Ibtisam B; Ganesh, Anuradha

      2011-08-01

      Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of abuse that is characterised by brain injury. Because of the subtle and yet debilitating neurobehavioural impairment which ensues, SBS represents a diagnostic dilemma for attending clinicians. The situation is made worse by the young age of the affected child who may not be capable of explaining what happened. SBS has been reported in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of literature on the topic from Arab/Islamic countries. This article attempts to shed light on the syndrome by reviewing information on the aetiology of SBS, as well as on its diagnosis and the reasons for delayed diagnosis. The central aim of this review is to increase awareness of SBS so that enlightened policies for prevention and intervention could be developed in the region and particularly in Oman. PMID:22087372

    17. Help prevent hospital errors

      MedlinePLUS

      ... prevent medical errors when you are in the hospital. ... Share your health information with health care providers in the hospital. DO NOT think they already know it. Know what tests are being done. Ask what the test is for, ...

    18. Morning, Midday Most Common Time for Babies' Arrival, Study Finds

      MedlinePLUS

      ... typically occurred in the early morning -- after 1 a.m. "In general, these births have fewer interventions, and ... hospital births in 2013 occurred in the 8 a.m. hour, and another 6 percent at the noon ...

    19. Rapid improvement in digital ischemia and acral contracture in a collodion baby treated with topical tazarotene.

      PubMed

      Liu, Rosemarie H; Becker, Beth; Gunkel, Juliet; Teng, Joyce

      2010-06-01

      Collodion baby is a rare congenital disorder whereby affected infants are born encased in a thick, taut, shiny, translucent membrane. The majority of babies with collodion membrane have associated disorders, most commonly nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma and lamellar ichthyosis. The authors report a case of collodion baby with rare complication of acral contracture, ischemia and nail dystrophy. Topical treatment with tazarotene 0.1% gel resulted in rapid improvement. The patient developed normal nail plates and full motor function in both hands and feet following treatment. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report demonstrating the benefit of topical tazarotene for management of this rare condition in a neonate. PMID:20645539

    20. A historical perspective of the effect of the great recession on hospitals.

      PubMed

      Shortt, Janet

      2014-08-01

      At 18 months, the Great Recession of December 2007 to June 2009 is the longest recession since World War II. The recession led to soaring unemployment, resulting in loss of employment-based health insurance for millions of people. In addition to seeing increases in uninsured patients, hospitals experienced losses in their investment portfolios, which in turn increased bad debt, charity care, and uncompensated care nationwide. Hospital executives began to devise cost-cutting strategies to balance the rising debt, such as standardizing medical equipment, cutting staff positions, and delaying construction projects and capital expenditures as well as implementing value analysis strategies. The recession is officially over, and, although economic recovery has been slow and unemployment continues to be an issue, hospitals' net revenue started improving as of 2009 and hospital construction started increasing in 2010. Still, caution is warranted in the postrecession climate, because it is unknown what effects will be seen when the Baby Boomer generation begins using Medicare. PMID:25080418

    1. HOSPITAL RADIOLOGIC DECONTAMINATION CENTER

      Microsoft Academic Search

      J. R. Karel; S. Ketyer

      1962-01-01

      In 1961 the Medical Division of the Union County Civil Defense and ; Disastor Control organization in cooperation with the Radiology Department of St. ; Elizabeth Hospital in Elizabeth, N. J., developed a Hospital Decontamination ; Center. In addition to being a decontamination center, St. Elizabeth Hospital ; has become a fallout monitor station for Union County. According to the

    2. HOSPITALS FOR RURAL PEOPLE.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      MANNY, ELSIE S.; ROGERS, CHARLES E.

      MODERN ADVANCEMENTS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE HAVE PRECIPITATED THE NEED FOR ADEQUATE UP-TO-DATE HOSPITAL FACILITIES REASONABLY CLOSE TO ALL PEOPLE. RURAL COMMUNITIES HAVE UTILIZED FEDERAL AID, STATE AID, ASSISTANCE FROM FOUNDATIONS, CIVIC BONDS, AND VOLUNTEER CONTRIBUTIONS AND DRIVES TO ERECT AND EQUIP HOSPITALS. HOSPITAL CARE FOR RURAL PEOPLE USUALLY…

    3. MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL

      E-print Network

      Adams, Mark

      via queries from our Anesthesia Information Management System (AIMS) and other hospital databasesMASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL Page 1 of 4 HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL Position: Quality & Safety and efficacy of our practice, reporting this data out to department clinicians, senior leadership and hospital

    4. Defining rural hospital markets.

      PubMed Central

      Goody, B

      1993-01-01

      OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to examine the geographic scope of rural hospital markets. DATA SOURCES. The study uses 1988 Medicare patient discharge records (MedPAR) and hospital financial information (HCRIS) for all rural hospitals participating in the Medicare Program. STUDY DESIGN. Hospital-specific market areas are compared to county-based market areas using a series of geographic and socioeconomic-demographic dimensions as well as indicators of market competitiveness. The potential impact of alternative market configurations on health services research is explored by estimating a model of rural hospital closure. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS. Hospital-specific market areas were defined using the zip code of patient origin. Zip code-level data were subsequently aggregated to the market level. FINDINGS. Using the county as the hospital market area results not only in the inclusion of areas from which the hospital does not draw patients but also in the exclusion of areas from which it does draw patients. The empirical estimation of a model of rural hospital closure shows that the definition of a hospital market area does not jeopardize the ability to identify major risk factors for closure. CONCLUSIONS. Market area definition may be key to identifying and monitoring populations at risk from rural hospital decisions to downsize or close their facilities. Further research into the market areas of rural hospitals that have closed would help to develop alternative, and perhaps more relevant, definitions of the population at risk. PMID:8514499

    5. 2. View northwest of main hospital building complex, hospital building ...

      Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

      2. View northwest of main hospital building complex, hospital building (Building 90), administration and clinical hospital building (Building 88), and hospital building (Building 91) - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Western Branch, 4101 South Fourth Street, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, KS

    6. In Tribute: Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Friend of NIH

      MedlinePLUS

      ... please turn Javascript on. In Tribute: Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Friend of NIH Past Issues / Fall 2009 ... Human Development (NICHD) in Shriver's honor. Senator Edward M. Kennedy, Friend of NIH "… deep compassion for those ...

    7. How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... you care. Still, even though you do your best, your friend might not want to talk. Tell someone. If ... or saying: Don't deliver an ultimatum. The best thing friends can do is to be there for each ...

    8. Near-Centenarian Makes Friends Quickly in New Home

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Past Issues Feature: Senior Living Near-Centenarian Makes Friends Quickly in New Home Past Issues / Summer 2009 ... Alice found she had great support from her friends there. Photo: Kathleen Cravedi Personal Transitions Alice Anguria ...

    9. Best friends' discussions of social dilemmas.

      PubMed

      McDonald, Kristina L; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H

      2014-02-01

      Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best friends (191 dyads; 53.4% female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad members completed a self-report measure of friendship quality. Dyadic data analyses guided by the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model indicated that adolescent and friend reports of friendship qualities were related to the forms of reasoning used during discussion. Friends who both reported that they could resolve conflicts in a constructive way were more likely to use moral reasoning than friends who reported that their conflict resolution was poor or disagreed on the quality of their conflict resolution. The findings provide evidence for the important role that friendship interaction may play in adolescents' social and moral development. PMID:23666555

    10. DEPARTMENT NEWS DMES Loses a Friend

      E-print Network

      Wood, Stephen L.

      DEPARTMENT NEWS DMES Loses a Friend Hurricane/Typhoon John M.Williams 1927­2007 We lament the death. Duedall and Fred Doehring) three editions of the book Florida Hurricanes and Tropical Storms. John knowledge of storm names, dates, intensities, tracks and damage statistics was amazing. When asked

    11. Delta Dental PPO Easy, Friendly, Accessible

      E-print Network

      California at Santa Cruz, University of

      Delta Dental PPO SM ­ Easy, Friendly, Accessible We're pleased to be your partner in maintaining great oral health. The Delta Dental PPO* plan makes it easy for you to find a dentist, and easy about enrolling with Delta Dental: E HL_PPO_2col #73286 (rev. 5/13) · Save money with a Delta Dental PPO

    12. Higgs friends and counterfeits at hadron colliders

      SciTech Connect

      Fox, Patrick J.; /Fermilab; Tucker-Smith, David; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Williams Coll. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study; Weiner, Neal; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study

      2011-04-01

      We consider the possibility of 'Higgs counterfeits' - scalars that can be produced with cross sections comparable to the SM Higgs, and which decay with identical relative observable branching ratios, but which are nonetheless not responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking. We also consider a related scenario involving 'Higgs friends,' fields similarly produced through gg fusion processes, which would be discovered through diboson channels WW,ZZ,{gamma}{gamma}, or even {gamma}Z, potentially with larger cross sections times branching ratios than for the Higgs. The discovery of either a Higgs friend or a Higgs counterfeit, rather than directly pointing towards the origin of the weak scale, would indicate the presence of new colored fields necessary for the sizable production cross section (and possibly new colorless but electroweakly charged states as well, in the case of the diboson decays of a Higgs friend). These particles could easily be confused for an ordinary Higgs, perhaps with an additional generation to explain the different cross section, and we emphasize the importance of vector boson fusion as a channel to distinguish a Higgs counterfeit from a true Higgs. Such fields would naturally be expected in scenarios with 'effective Z's,' where heavy states charged under the SM produce effective charges for SM fields under a new gauge force. We discuss the prospects for discovery of Higgs counterfeits, Higgs friends, and associated charged fields at the LHC.

    13. Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products

      E-print Network

      Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products and materials - The challenges of Product Development 4 Center for Information and Communication Technologies, Technical University OF THE PROJECT 23 1.2 THE THREE GENERIC TECHNOLOGIES 23 1.3 THE OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT 24 1.4 INITIATION

    14. You've Got a Friend.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Politzer, Linda

      1999-01-01

      Describes the fundraising efforts of the Torrey Pines High School (California) library through the formation of a Friends of the Library group. Discusses how to form a nonprofit corporation, making the purchase of new books a priority, increasing the library's visibility, and ideas for fundraising events. (LRW)

    15. How to win friends and influence people

      E-print Network

      Wheelock, Jess (Jessica Therese)

      2010-01-01

      My thesis work developed out of a specific book: How to Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie. The book is one of the best-selling self-help books of all time. Every part of the book was material for my project: ...

    16. Friends of the McCormick Observatory

      E-print Network

      Whittle, Mark

      Friends of the McCormick Observatory ... lend your voice in support of the exceptional educational programs developed by the Observatory ... help the Observatory to expand its educational and outreach programs ... help the Observatory remain available to all residents and visitors for years to come

    17. NEEM: Network-Friendly Epidemic Multicast

      Microsoft Academic Search

      Jose Pereira; Luís Rodrigues; M. João Monteiro; Rui Carlos Oliveira; Anne-marie Kermarrec; A.-M. Kermarrec

      2003-01-01

      Epidemic, or probabilistic, multicast protocols have emerged as a viable mech- anism to circumvent the scalability problems of reliable multicast protocols. How- ever, most existing epidemic approaches use connectionless transport protocols to exchange messages and rely on the intrinsic robustness of the epidemic dissemina- tion to mask network omissions. Unfortunately, such an approach is not network- friendly, since the epidemic

    18. New Beginnings for mothers and babies in prison: a cluster randomized controlled trial.

      PubMed

      Sleed, Michelle; Baradon, Tessa; Fonagy, Peter

      2013-01-01

      Mothers in prison represent a high-risk parenting population. New Beginnings is an attachment-based group intervention designed specifically for mothers and babies in prison. This cluster randomized trial examined the outcomes for 88 mothers and babies participating in the New Beginnings program and 75 dyads residing in prisons where the intervention did not take place. Outcomes were measured in terms of parental reflective functioning, the quality of parent-infant interaction, maternal depression, and maternal representations. Mothers in the control group deteriorated in their level of reflective functioning and behavioral interaction with their babies over time, whereas the mothers in the intervention group did not. There were no significant group effects on levels of maternal depression or mothers' self-reported representations of their babies over time. An attachment-based intervention may mitigate some of the risks to the quality of the parent-infant relationship for these dyads. PMID:23550526

    19. Iodine content of infant formulas and iodine intake of premature babies: high risk of iodine deficiency.

      PubMed Central

      Ares, S; Quero, J; Durán, S; Presas, M J; Herruzo, R; Morreale de Escobar, G

      1994-01-01

      As part of a study of thyroid function in premature babies, the iodine content of their mothers' breast milk, that of 32 formulas from different brands used in Spain, and that of 127 formulas used in other countries was determined. Breast milk contained more iodine--mean (SEM) 10 (1) microgram/dl--than most of the formulas, especially those for premature babies. Iodine intakes were therefore below the recommended daily amount (RDA) for newborns: babies of 27-30 weeks' gestational age took 3.1 (1.1) micrograms/day at 5 days of age and 29.8 (2.7) micrograms by 2 months of age. This problem is not exclusive to Spanish premature babies as the iodine content of many of the formulas on sale in other countries was also inadequate. It is concluded that preterm infants who are formula fed are at high risk of iodine deficiency. PMID:7820714

    20. The Effect of Baby Books on Mothers' Reading Beliefs and Reading Practices.

      PubMed

      Auger, Anamarie; Reich, Stephanie M; Penner, Emily K

      2014-07-01

      The impact of a baby book intervention on promoting positive reading beliefs and increasing reading frequency for low-income, new mothers (n = 167) was examined. The Baby Books Project randomly assigned low-income, first-time mothers to one of three study conditions, receiving educational books, non-educational books, or no books, during pregnancy and over the first year of parenthood. Home-based data collection occurred through pregnancy until 18 months post-partum. Mothers who received free baby books had higher beliefs about the importance of reading, the value of having resources to support reading, and the importance of verbal participation during reading. The results showed that providing any type of baby books to mothers positively influenced maternal reading beliefs, but did not increase infant-mother reading practices. Maternal reading beliefs across all three groups were significantly associated with self-reported reading frequency when children were at least 12 months of age. PMID:25264394