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Sample records for baby friendly hospital

  1. Neonatal weight loss at a US Baby-Friendly Hospital.

    PubMed

    Grossman, Xena; Chaudhuri, Jana H; Feldman-Winter, Lori; Merewood, Anne

    2012-03-01

    Few if any studies have examined weight loss among term newborns by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Perhaps because so few data exist, there is no standard in the United States for normal newborn weight loss. Our objective was to investigate normal newborn weight loss among infants born in a US Baby-Friendly hospital, by weighing infants daily for the first week of life. Using a prospective cohort design, infants born at an urban Boston, MA, hospital were enrolled within 72 hours of delivery and weighed daily for the first week of life. In hospital, infant weight was obtained from the medical record; post discharge, a research assistant visited the home daily and weighed the baby. All feeds in week 1 of life were recorded. Birth-related factors potentially affecting weight loss were abstracted from the medical record. Complete data were collected on 121 infants. Mean weight loss was 4.9% (range=0.0% to 9.9%); 19.8% (24 of 121) of infants lost >7% of their birth weight; no infant lost >10%. Maximum percent weight loss was significantly associated with feeding type: exclusively and mainly breastfed infants lost 5.5%, mainly formula-fed infants lost 2.7% and exclusively formula-fed infants lost 1.2% (P<0.001). Type of delivery and fluids received during labor were not associated with weight loss. Clinical practices at a Baby-Friendly hospital, which support and optimize breastfeeding, appear to be associated with only moderate weight loss in exclusively and mainly breastfed infants. PMID:22717201

  2. Neonatal Hypothermia and Associated Risk Factors at Baby Friendly Hospital in Babol, Iran

    PubMed Central

    Delavar, MA; Akbarianrad, Z; Mansouri, MM; Yahyapour, M

    2014-01-01

    Background: Thermal care is an important element of Baby Friendly Hospital. Aim: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of neonatal hypothermia and associated risk factors in healthy full term newborns at a Baby Friendly Hospital. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted on consecutively healthy full term neonates recruited during a 1 year. Temperatures were recorded immediately after birth and at the age of 1, 2 and 4 h after birth in order to estimate the prevalence of neonatal hypothermia, defined as axillary temperature less than 36.0°C. The data were collected using an especially questionnaire; data of history of abortion, parity, mode of vaginal delivery, gestational age, birth weight, newborn temperatures, time of the first skin-to-skin contact, time of first breast feeding, first wrapping and first visiting by the pediatrician. Association between neonatal hypothermia and risk factors was determined using logistic regression. Results: Axillary temperature showed 41.2%, 47.5%, 46.4% and 37.2% of the a consecutive number of 522 healthy full term neonates were moderately hypothermia immediately after birth, at 1 h, 2 h and 4 h respectively. Spontaneous labor and warming room were associated with decreased risk of hypothermia. A persistently high prevalence of neonatal hypothermia was shown within the first 4 h of vaginal birth. All analyses were carried out using the SPSS version 17.0 (Chicago IL, USA). Test of the associations were done, stepwise multiple logistic regressions. Odds ratios (ORs) were assessed using maximum likelihood and associated 95% confidence intervals were computed. A P ? 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that a high prevalence of neonatal hypothermia was identified among healthy full term newborn in a Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative. Therefore, it is necessary to emphasize on the development “warm chain” in preventing neonatal hypothermia in Baby Friendly Hospital. PMID:25184096

  3. Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: evaluation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding

    PubMed Central

    Lopes, Soraia da Silva; Laignier, Mariana Rabello; Primo, Cândida Caniçali; Leite, Franciéle Marabotti C.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To asses the performance of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an university hospital. METHODS: Descriptive and quantitative research, in which 103 people were interviewed in the outpatient prenatal clinic, in the maternity-ward and in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Vitória, Southeast Brazil. The "Institutional Self-Evaluation Questionnaire" of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative was applied. Using this tool, the outcome was measured by the concordance index (CI) proposed by the World Health Organization and by the United Nations Children's Fund. RESULTS: Although the hospital does not have a policy that addresses promotion, protection and support for breastfeeding, 93.3% of the mothers had contact with their babies immediately after birth (step 4), 83.3% of the professionals guided mothers how to breastfeed (step 5), 86.6% of the neonates did not receive any food or drink other than breast milk (step 6), 100% of babies were housed together with their mothers (step 7), 83.3% of the women were encouraged for breastfeeding on demand (step 8) and 100% of the infants did not use bottles or pacifiers (step 9). CONCLUSIONS: 60% of the steps were completed by the hospital. The greatest difficulty was to inform pregnant women about the importance and the management of breastfeeding (step 3). Therefore, visits to pregnant women are recommended, in order to prepare them for breastfeeding and to explain about the infants' healthy feeding habits. PMID:24473954

  4. [Baby-Friendly Hospital: prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months and intervening factors].

    PubMed

    Figueredo, Sonia Fontes; Mattar, Maria José Guardia; Abrão, Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena

    2013-12-01

    The objective of this research was to identify the pattern of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in the first 6 months of infants born in a Baby-Friendly Hospital and the factors that contribute to early weaning. This was a prospective cohort study with 261 mothers and children. The data were analyzed via the construction of a Kaplan-Meier survival curve, and the log-rank test was used for the univariate analysis. A multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox proportional-hazards regression model. During the 6 months, the percentage of mothers who practiced EBF for 30, 90, 120, 150 and 180 days was 75%, 52%, 33%, 19% and 5.7%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the variables that conferred a risk for early weaning were the hospital and the occurrence of a follow-up visit due to mammary complication, improper positioning and the association of both of these factors. The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative favored EBF. PMID:24626353

  5. Impact and sustainability of a "baby friendly" health education intervention at a district hospital in Bihar, India.

    PubMed Central

    Prasad, B.; Costello, A. M.

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To evaluate the impact and sustainability of a baby friendly training intervention for staff at an Indian district hospital on initiation of breast feeding and use of prelacteal feeds by mothers. DESIGN--Intervention study with assessment by interviewing mothers. SUBJECTS--172 mothers recruited before the intervention, 195 recruited immediately after the intervention, and 101 recruited six months later. SETTING--District hospital in a small town in Bihar, India. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Age of infant when breast feeding started, use of prelacteal feeds, and colostrum feeding. INTERVENTION--10 day training programme for doctors, nurses, and midwives, explaining the benefits and feasibility of early breast feeding and dangers of prelacteal feeds together with instruction on explaining this information to mothers. RESULTS--Breast feeding was started within 24 hours of birth by 53 (29%) of control mothers, 164 (84%) in the early follow up group, and 60 (59%) in the late follow up group. Prelacteal feeds were used by 165 (96%), 84 (43%), and 78 (77%) respectively. Only 36 mothers in the late follow up group reported receiving education on feeding. Mothers in this group who had received the education were significantly more likely than mothers who received no education to breast feed early (28 (78%) v 11 (17%), P < 0.001) and not use prelacteal feeds (21 (58%) v 2 (3%), P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS--Training doctors and midwives greatly improves the feeding practices of mothers. However, the impact of the training fell off quickly and refresher training is needed to sustain the improvement. PMID:7703747

  6. Pregnant & Lactating Mothers' Attitudes and Practice of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding at King Fahd Hospital of University (KFHU)--Khobar, Saudi Arabia: Appraisal of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salem, Laila Younis Abu; Al Madani, Maha Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Background: World Health organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) have been recommended the application of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) in order to promote & support breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to assess pregnant and lactating mothers' attitudes…

  7. Baby 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    as “safe surrender,” “baby drop off,” “baby Moses,” or “legal abandonment” laws, these laws allow the parent to relinquish their child with no questions asked at safe locations, such as hospitals, police stations, and fire stations (National Abandoned... birth weight baby. The reason these young women deny and/or conceal their pregnancy is that they fear risking their 15 relationships with family, friends, or partner. In addition, many of these young women in this category experienced internal...

  8. Implementing baby-friendly practices: strategies for success.

    PubMed

    Smith, Pat Bohling; Moore, Karen; Peters, Liz

    2012-01-01

    Breastfeeding is widely viewed as the optimal feeding method for infants among professional nursing and medical organizations. Its health benefits have been comprehensively studied and documented for both infants and mothers. Hospitals and birthing centers can strongly influence the outcomes for mothers who choose to breastfeed by establishing effective breastfeeding behaviors immediately after birth and during the hospital stay. The Baby-Friendly USA initiative outlines 10 steps to successful breastfeeding. Although these steps have been successfully supported in practice, they can be difficult to implement due to a variety of factors, including resistance to change. Specific steps generate more barriers to overcome than others--namely exclusive breastfeeding without supplementation or pacifiers, rooming-in for 23 out of 24 hours, and skin-to-skin contact with a parent immediately after birth and during the hospital stay. Our hospital spent 5 years implementing Baby-Friendly practices to prepare for a successful site visit. In the process, barriers to key Baby-Friendly steps were overcome through creative approaches and strategic education for staff, physicians, and parents. The purpose of this article is to outline specific actions taken that assisted our hospital in its successful journey. Those actions and strategies will hopefully be of value to others in their journey toward designation. PMID:22596036

  9. Being baby friendly: evidence-based breastfeeding support.

    PubMed

    Cleminson, J; Oddie, S; Renfrew, M J; McGuire, W

    2015-03-01

    Breast feeding improves important outcomes for mothers and infants. In the UK, breastfeeding rates have historically been low, particularly among socially disadvantaged young women. Although there have been gradual increases in breastfeeding initiation rates since 2000, rates of exclusive breast feeding and continuation until 6?months remain lower than those in similar countries. This review summarises the evidence for effective and cost-effective strategies to help women, particularly those in low income groups, make informed choices, overcome barriers and establish and maintain breast feeding. We describe the development and impact of the Unicef Baby Friendly Initiative, and the roles and responsibilities, and challenges and opportunities that clinicians have in promoting breast feeding and maintaining a baby-friendly culture and environment. PMID:25293712

  10. Re-assessment of selected Baby-Friendly maternity facilities in Accra, Ghana

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) has been implemented in Ghana since 1995. At the end of 2011, about 325 maternity facilities in Ghana had been designated Baby Friendly. However, none had been re-assessed for adherence to the Ten Steps to successful breastfeeding (Ten Steps). The current study re-assessed six maternity facilities in Accra for adherence to the Ten Steps and the International Code of Marketing of breast milk substitutes (the Code). Methods Three independent assessors performed the re-assessment using the revised WHO/UNICEF external re-assessment tool (ERT) between April and June, 2011. All sections of the ERT were implemented, except for the HIV/infant feeding section. Assessors interviewed 90 clinical staff of the facilities, 60 pregnant women, and 150 women who had given birth and waiting to be discharged from the hospital. Additionally, observations were completed on neonate feeding and compliance with the Code. Data was analyzed to assess adherence to the Ten Steps and the Code. Results In 2010, the six facilities recorded a total of 26,339 deliveries. At discharge, the weighted exclusive breastfeeding rate was 93.8%. None of the facilities adhered completely to the Ten Steps. Overall, the rate of adherence to the Ten Steps was 42% (range?=?30 - 70%). No facility met the criteria for Steps One and Two. Only Step Seven was adhered to by all facilities. Overall compliance with the Code was about 54%. Trained staff attrition, high client-staff ratios, inadequate in-service training for new staff, and inadequate support for regional and national program monitoring were identified as barriers to adherence. Conclusion Poor adherence to Baby-Friendly practices in designated BFHI facilities was observed in urban Accra. Renewed efforts to support monitoring of designated facilities is recommended. PMID:24216173

  11. The Baby-Friendly Initiative in Spain: A Challenging Pathway.

    PubMed

    Hernández-Aguilar, Maria Teresa; Lasarte-Velillas, Juan José; Martín-Calama, Jesús; Flores-Antón, Beatriz; Borja-Herrero, Cintia; García-Franco, María; Navas-Lucena, Victoria; Pallás-Alonso, Carmen

    2014-04-29

    The Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI-Spain) was founded in 1995 by members of key professional associations (pediatricians, midwives, obstetricians, and nurses) and some mother-to-mother support groups. The United Nations International Children's Fund was instrumental in supporting the establishment of BFI-Spain as a not-for-profit organization. In 2007, the need for change was identified. A detailed analysis of BFI-Spain identified its main strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. A new strategic plan was devised that included the adoption of a staged accreditation system, a new website, expanding the initiative into the community, consolidating working teams to distribute tasks and responsibilities, and trying to involve the national health authorities. This article describes the analysis that was undertaken, the strategies implemented, and some of the outcomes observed 4 years later. The aim of the article is to support BFI teams in other countries who might be facing similar challenges. PMID:24782488

  12. Bringing Your Baby Home

    MedlinePLUS

    ... before leaving the hospital. Then, when you come home, the pet will already be somewhat familiar with the baby. But remember to never leave pets alone with newborns. Back Continue Family and Friends Ask ...

  13. Breastfeeding-Friendly Erie County: Establishing a Baby Café Network.

    PubMed

    Gregg, Deborah J; Dennison, Barbara A; Restina, Kyle

    2015-11-01

    Community-based lactation support groups help improve breastfeeding duration by offering practical peer and professional help and counseling through the sharing of information and experiences in a relaxed setting. The objective of this project, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was to establish at least 5 Baby Cafés in organizations that reach low-income women living in a high-need, racially/ethnically diverse, urban county with 1 of the lowest rates of breastfeeding initiation, exclusivity, and duration in New York. The New York State Department of Health partnered with the P(2) Collaborative of Western New York and United Way of Buffalo & Erie County's Healthy Start Healthy Future for All Coalition to facilitate the recruitment of 11 community-based agencies in Erie County, New York, to provide and/or enhance breastfeeding support. Six organizations were funded to establish licensed Baby Cafés, which provided skilled, free-of-charge, drop-in lactation support and counseling to mothers at easily accessible locations. The organizations provided staff training and staffing at the Baby Cafés, established coordinated hours of operation between all locations, and jointly marketed their services. Collectively, the 6 Baby Cafés provided 11 drop-in sessions per week. During the 7-month start-up time, mothers/babies made 276 visits and they averaged 75 visits per month, representing at least 150 clients. After the funding ended, 5 organizations continued to support and staff the Baby Cafés whereas 1 organization added another Baby Café. Future evaluation is needed to determine their effect on breastfeeding exclusivity and duration. PMID:26319111

  14. A little help from my friends: caring for premature babies in a war zone

    PubMed Central

    Harris, Heather

    2007-01-01

    This paper is a narrative of some aspects of my work as a midwife with Médecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in West Africa. I was situated in an isolated north-western regional hospital in an area under rebel military control in 2004–2005 in the Côte d'Ivoire during the civil war which divides the north and south of the country. Access to health care is severely curtailed in this politically unstable environment resulting in much avoidable illness including many premature births. It is a short account of methods used to care for premature babies in a resource poor setting. Equipment was basic, necessitating a creative use of available resources. Providing warmth, oxygen and adequate feeding were often sufficient for a successful outcome for many premature babies. This paper is a combination of descriptions of health care interspersed with case studies. PMID:17274826

  15. Low-birth-weight babies among hospital deliveries in Nepal: a hospital-based study

    PubMed Central

    Koirala, Arun K; Bhatta, Dharma N

    2015-01-01

    Background Birth weight is an important indicator of a population’s health and is associated with numerous interrelated factors in the infant, mother, and physical environment. The objective of this study was to assess the proportion of low birth weight and identify the associated factors for low birth weight in a liveborn infant among the women in Morang, Nepal. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out from December 2010 to March 2011 among 255 mothers who gave birth during the study period at the Koshi Zonal Hospital, Nepal. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire with face-to-face interviews. Data were analyzed through logistic regression and presented with crude and adjusted odds ratios (AORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results The study showed that the prevalence of low-birth-weight babies was 23.1% (95% CI: 17.9–28.1). The mean (standard deviation) age of mothers was 23.23 (4.18) years. The proportion of low birth weight of previous baby was 3.9% (95% CI: 0.1–7.9), and 15.7% (95% CI: 11.5–20.5) of the respondents had preterm delivery. Nearly one-third (36.1%; 95% CI: 26.4–45.6) of the respondents had >2 years’ gap after the previous delivery. Nonformal employment (AOR: 2.14; 95% CI: 0.523–8.74), vegetarian diet (AOR: 1.47; 95% CI: 0.23–9.36), and no rest during pregnancy (AOR: 1.38; 95% CI: 0.41–4.39) were factors more likely to determine low birth weight. However, none of the variables showed a significant association between low birth weight and other dependent variables. Conclusion Low birth weight is an important factor for perinatal morbidity and mortality and is a common problem in the developing world. The proportion of low-birth-weight babies was high in hospital delivery, and ethnicities, Hindu religion, education, nonformal employment, food habit, rest during pregnancy, and type of delivery were found to influence the birth weight. Hence, it is important to strengthen health education services at the basic level of a community to solve this problem. PMID:26089703

  16. Hospital Care for Newborn Babies: Quality Assessment, A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Jabbari, Hossein; Abdollahi Sabet, Somayae; Heidarzadeh, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Context: Neonatal mortality rate is declining globally. The aim of the present study is to identify relevant indicators for assessing newborn care in hospitals by a systematic review. Evidence Acquisition: A search on electronic data base and manual searches of personal files for studies on quality indicators of newborn care were carried out. Searching 9 bibliographic databases, we found 85 articles of which 22 exactly related ones were selected and studied. Hand search yielded 1 record were also searched and 2 records were included. Results: A list of 87 structure, process and outcome indicators was formulated from the articles. Also 26 excess measures were identified in gray literature. After removing duplicates, and categorizing in 3 domains, 18 measures were input, 41 process and 34 outcome measures. Conclusions: These 93 indicators provide a framework for assessing how well the hospitals are providing neonatal care. These measures should be discussed in each context expert panels to address nationally applicable indices of neonatal care and may be adapted for local health settings. PMID:26495100

  17. [The family-friendly hospital: (how) does it work?].

    PubMed

    Heller, A R; Heller, S C

    2009-06-01

    The demographic development in Germany is heading towards a significant shortage in specialists within the next 10-15 years with an increased demand for health services at the same time. The three-stage model of family life planning (work, family phase, return) will also be gradually replaced by a model of simultaneous compatibility of family and work. This change in values, although initiated by the parents themselves, may turn out to be a crucial countermeasure in national economy against the demography-related loss of qualified personnel. For these three trends the economic need arises to minimize family-related absence of our well-trained, motivated and reliable doctors from the clinical departments through implementation of family-friendly human resources policies and supporting measures by the employers. In a representative survey 26% of respondents with children had in the past already changed their workplace to ensure a better match of work and family duties. In this regard the compatibility of family and professional responsibilities had a higher impact on the selection of the employer than a high income. Accordingly, a work-life competence oriented business plan will represent the crucial factor within the competition between universities, hospitals and professional disciplines to attract high potential bearers although a sustained change of the traditional hospital culture is mandatory. Anaesthesia-related fields of development regarding family-friendly corporate governance are working hours and organization of work, part-time jobs even for managers and fathers, and staff development. In the hospital daily routine, in particular, creative solutions meeting the local demands are deemed necessary that do not involve the use of high financial resources. Family-friendly personnel policy not only arises from altruistic enthusiasm but also pays off economically. This article discusses the necessity, opportunities and threads of family-oriented hospital management and fields of action for anaesthesia departments. PMID:19484192

  18. The impact of the Baby Friendly Health Initiative in the Australian health care system: a critical narrative review of the evidence.

    PubMed

    Atchan, Marjorie; Davis, Deborah; Foureur, Maralyn

    2013-07-01

    Studies have identified that the practices of maternity facilities and health professionals are crucial to women's experience of support and breastfeeding 'success'. The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) was launched globally in 1991 to protect, promote and support breastfeeding. While a direct causal effect has not been established and critics suggest the rhetoric conflicts with women's lived experiences as new mothers, a positive association between the Initiative and breastfeeding prevalence is apparent. Internationally, impact studies have demonstrated that where the Initiative is well integrated, there is an increase in rates of breastfeeding initiation and, to a lesser extent, duration. In consideration of the known health risks associated with the use of artificial baby milks this would suggest that BFHI implementation and accreditation should be a desirable strategy for committed health facilities. However, a variation in both BFHI uptake and breastfeeding prevalence between nations has been reported. This narrative review critically discusses a variety of issues relevant to the uptake and support of breastfeeding and the BFHI, utilising Australia as a case study. Whilst it enjoys 'in principle' policy support, Australia also suffers from a lack of uniformity in uptake and perception of the benefits of BFHI at all levels of the health system. Australian and international studies have identified similar enablers and barriers to implementation. PMID:23957177

  19. Migrant-friendly hospitals: a paediatric perspective - improving hospital care for migrant children

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The European Union (EU) Migrant-Friendly Hospital (MFH) Initiative, introduced in 2002, promotes the adoption of care approaches adapted to meet the service needs of migrants. However, for paediatric hospitals, no specific recommendations have been offered for MFH care for children. Using the Swiss MFH project as a case study, this paper aims to identify hospital-based care needs of paediatric migrants (PMs) and good service approaches. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with principal project leaders of five paediatric hospitals participating in the Swiss MFH project. A review of the international literature on non-clinical hospital service needs and service responses of paediatric MFHs was conducted. Results Paediatric care can be complex, usually involving both the patient and the patient’s family. Key challenges include differing levels of acculturation between parents and children; language barriers; cultural differences between patient and provider; and time constraints. Current service and infrastructural responses include interpretation services for PMs and parents, translated information material, and special adaptations to ensure privacy, e.g., during breastfeeding. Clear standards for paediatric migrant-friendly hospitals (P-MFH) are lacking. Conclusions International research on hospital care for migrant children is scarce. The needs of paediatric migrants and their families may differ from guidance for adults. Paediatric migrant needs should be systematically identified and used to inform paediatric hospital care approaches. Hospital processes from admission to discharge should be revised to ensure implementation of migrant-sensitive approaches suitable for children. Staff should receive adequate support, such as training, easily available interpreters and sufficient consultation time, to be able to provide migrant-friendly paediatric services. The involvement of migrant groups may be helpful. Improving the quality of care for PMs at both policy and service levels is an investment in the future that will benefit native and migrant families. PMID:24093461

  20. [Recreational activities for parents of risk babies: experience at the Clinics Hospital of Ribeirao Preto].

    PubMed

    Brunherotti, M R; Pereira, F L; de Souza, M I; Nogueira, F S; Scochi, C G

    2000-01-01

    The nursing team at the University of São Paulo Hospital has implemented actions directed to parents, such as support groups, training for hospital discharge and their involvement in the progressive care to their children. Aiming at expanding such care, the authors have implemented a support program involving ludic and recreational activities with the parents of hospitalized preterm babies under risk. The account of this experience is the object of this work. The interventions were performed by a group of nursing students who gather with the parents weekly for a period of two hours and develop group-dynamics techniques; leisure activities; creativity workshops involving manual work and discussions on themes concerning personal and environmental hygiene. Through these new care strategies directed to parents, the authors expect to contribute to the process of construction of more integral and humanized care in the area of neonatology by focusing on the family. PMID:12143823

  1. Crying babies, tired mothers - challenges of the postnatal hospital stay: an interpretive phenomenological study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background According to an old Swiss proverb, "a new mother lazing in childbed is a blessing to her family". Today mothers rarely enjoy restful days after birth, but enter directly into the challenge of combining baby- and self-care. They often face a combination of infant crying and personal tiredness. Yet, routine postnatal care often lacks effective strategies to alleviate these challenges which can adversely affect family health. We explored how new mothers experience and handle postnatal infant crying and their own tiredness in the context of changing hospital care practices in Switzerland. Methods Purposeful sampling was used to enroll 15 mothers of diverse parity and educational backgrounds, all of who had given birth to a full term healthy neonate. Using interpretive phenomenology, we analyzed interview and participant observation data collected during the postnatal hospital stay and at 6 and 12 weeks post birth. This paper reports on the postnatal hospital experience. Results Women's personal beliefs about beneficial childcare practices shaped how they cared for their newborn's and their own needs during the early postnatal period in the hospital. These beliefs ranged from an infant-centered approach focused on the infant's development of a basic sense of trust to an approach that balanced the infants' demands with the mother's personal needs. Getting adequate rest was particularly difficult for mothers striving to provide infant-centered care for an unsettled neonate. These mothers suffered from sleep deprivation and severe tiredness unless they were able to leave the baby with health professionals for several hours during the night. Conclusion New mothers often need permission to attend to their own needs, as well as practical support with childcare to recover from birth especially when neonates are fussy. To strengthen family health from the earliest stage, postnatal care should establish conditions which enable new mothers to balance the care of their infant with their own needs. PMID:20462462

  2. Survey on Infant Hearing Loss at Caritas Baby Hospital in Bethlehem-Palestine.

    PubMed

    Corradin, Lucia; Hindiyeh, Musa; Khaled, Rasha; Rishmawi, Fadi; Zidan, Marwan; Marzouqa, Hiyam

    2014-03-01

    This study describes the epidemiology of infants' hearing loss (IHL) among patients under 3 months of age at Caritas Baby Hospital, the only pediatric hospital in Palestine. It was aimed to demonstrate that IHL is a major health problem in Palestine and to assess the first available data of the newborn hearing screening program conducted between September 25, 2006 and December 31, 2011. Data was uploaded and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (SPSS version 21). A total of 8144 infants were tested, 4812 (59%) were males and 3332 (41%) were females. As to their origin, 72% (5886) came from the Bethlehem district, 25% (2044) from the Hebron district, while 3% (214) from the other Palestinian districts (Jericho, Ramallah, Nablus, Jenin and Jerusalem). The transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and the automated auditory brainstem response were used according to the manufacturer guidelines. The results were interpreted according to the indications of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the National Institutes of Health, and the European Consensus Development Conference on Neonatal Hearing Screening. Out of the 8144 infants tested, 1507 (14.6%) did not pass the 1(st) test, 477 (32.8%) of these 1507 infants failed retesting, while 498 (33%) patients were lost to follow-up. Only 152 (31.9%) patients that failed retesting went to an audiologist. The audiologist evaluation revealed that 101 (66.4%) patients presented with a mild-moderate or profound hearing loss according to the Bureau International of Audiophonologie standards, 44 (28.9%) patients had otitis media, whereas 7 cases (4.7%) had no hearing disorders. The overall unadjusted percentage of hearing loss was 1.24%, and the adjusted overall percentage was 1.85%. The chart review showed that jaundice, sepsis, prematurity, lung disease were more common among the affected patients. The high prevalence of childhood deafness in Palestine is of utmost importance and deserves immediate attention on the part of the Palestinian government. Meanwhile, Caritas Baby Hospital undertook to set up a newborn hearing screening unit utilizing the TEOAE method. PMID:26557353

  3. Survey on Infant Hearing Loss at Caritas Baby Hospital in Bethlehem-Palestine

    PubMed Central

    Corradin, Lucia; Hindiyeh, Musa; Khaled, Rasha; Rishmawi, Fadi; Zidan, Marwan; Marzouqa, Hiyam

    2014-01-01

    This study describes the epidemiology of infants’ hearing loss (IHL) among patients under 3 months of age at Caritas Baby Hospital, the only pediatric hospital in Palestine. It was aimed to demonstrate that IHL is a major health problem in Palestine and to assess the first available data of the newborn hearing screening program conducted between September 25, 2006 and December 31, 2011. Data was uploaded and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software (SPSS version 21). A total of 8144 infants were tested, 4812 (59%) were males and 3332 (41%) were females. As to their origin, 72% (5886) came from the Bethlehem district, 25% (2044) from the Hebron district, while 3% (214) from the other Palestinian districts (Jericho, Ramallah, Nablus, Jenin and Jerusalem). The transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and the automated auditory brainstem response were used according to the manufacturer guidelines. The results were interpreted according to the indications of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the National Institutes of Health, and the European Consensus Development Conference on Neonatal Hearing Screening. Out of the 8144 infants tested, 1507 (14.6%) did not pass the 1st test, 477 (32.8%) of these 1507 infants failed retesting, while 498 (33%) patients were lost to follow-up. Only 152 (31.9%) patients that failed retesting went to an audiologist. The audiologist evaluation revealed that 101 (66.4%) patients presented with a mild-moderate or profound hearing loss according to the Bureau International of Audiophonologie standards, 44 (28.9%) patients had otitis media, whereas 7 cases (4.7%) had no hearing disorders. The overall unadjusted percentage of hearing loss was 1.24%, and the adjusted overall percentage was 1.85%. The chart review showed that jaundice, sepsis, prematurity, lung disease were more common among the affected patients. The high prevalence of childhood deafness in Palestine is of utmost importance and deserves immediate attention on the part of the Palestinian government. Meanwhile, Caritas Baby Hospital undertook to set up a newborn hearing screening unit utilizing the TEOAE method. PMID:26557353

  4. Ten steps or climbing a mountain: A study of Australian health professionals' perceptions of implementing the baby friendly health initiative to protect, promote and support breastfeeding

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The Baby Friendly Hospital (Health) Initiative (BFHI) is a global initiative aimed at protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding and is based on the ten steps to successful breastfeeding. Worldwide, over 20,000 health facilities have attained BFHI accreditation but only 77 Australian hospitals (approximately 23%) have received accreditation. Few studies have investigated the factors that facilitate or hinder implementation of BFHI but it is acknowledged this is a major undertaking requiring strategic planning and change management throughout an institution. This paper examines the perceptions of BFHI held by midwives and nurses working in one Area Health Service in NSW, Australia. Methods The study used an interpretive, qualitative approach. A total of 132 health professionals, working across four maternity units, two neonatal intensive care units and related community services, participated in 10 focus groups. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results Three main themes were identified: 'Belief and Commitment'; 'Interpreting BFHI' and 'Climbing a Mountain'. Participants considered the BFHI implementation a high priority; an essential set of practices that would have positive benefits for babies and mothers both locally and globally as well as for health professionals. It was considered achievable but would take commitment and hard work to overcome the numerous challenges including a number of organisational constraints. There were, however, differing interpretations of what was required to attain BFHI accreditation with the potential that misinterpretation could hinder implementation. A model described by Greenhalgh and colleagues on adoption of innovation is drawn on to interpret the findings. Conclusion Despite strong support for BFHI, the principles of this global strategy are interpreted differently by health professionals and further education and accurate information is required. It may be that the current processes used to disseminate and implement BFHI need to be reviewed. The findings suggest that there is a contradiction between the broad philosophical stance and best practice approach of this global strategy and the tendency for health professionals to focus on the ten steps as a set of tasks or a checklist to be accomplished. The perceived procedural approach to implementation may be contributing to lower rates of breastfeeding continuation. PMID:21878131

  5. Older people’s perspectives on an elderly-friendly hospital environment: an exploratory study

    PubMed Central

    Karki, Sushmita; Bhatta, Dharma Nand; Aryal, Umesh Raj

    2015-01-01

    Background Many older people are vulnerable with multiple health problems and need of extensive care and support for quality of life. The main objective of this study was to explore the older people’s perspectives on an “elderly-friendlyhospital. Methods Hospital was stratified by four domains including government, semi-government, community, and private. We interviewed 33 hospitalized older patients and four hospital managers between June and December 2014 in Kathmandu, Nepal, using purposive sampling technique. We executed a qualitative content analysis step with extensive review of the interviews. Final name of the theme was given after the agreement between the research team and experts to improve trustworthiness. Elderly-friendly services, expectation from government and hospital, and health policy related to senior citizen were developed as main themes. Results Most of the participants were satisfied with the behavior of health personnel. However, none of the health personnel were trained with geriatric health care. Elderly-friendly hospital guidelines and policy were not developed by any hospitals. Older people health card, advocacy for older people’s health and benefit, and hospital environment were the common expectations of older patients. Government policy and budget constraint were the main obstacles to promote elderly-friendly health care services. Conclusion Elderly-related health policies, physical environments of hospital, elderly-friendly health manpower, advocacy, and other facilities and benefits should be improved and developed. There are urgent needs to develop elderly-friendly hospital policies and guidelines that focus on older people’s health benefits and friendly services. PMID:26028980

  6. Moving Towards the Age-friendly Hospital: A Paradigm Shift for the Hospital-based Care of the Elderly

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Allen R.; Larente, Nadine; Morais, Jose A.

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Care of the older adult in the acute care hospital is becoming more challenging. Patients 65 years and older account for 35% of hospital discharges and 45% of hospital days. Up to one-third of the hospitalized frail elderly loses independent functioning in one or more activities of daily living as a result of the ‘hostile environment’ that is present in the acute hospitals. A critical deficit of health care workers with expertise and experience in the care of the elderly also jeopardizes successful care delivery in the acute hospital setting. Methods We propose a paradigm shift in the culture and practice of event-driven acute hospital-based care of the elderly which we call the Age-friendly Hospital concept. Guiding principles include: a favourable physical environment; zero tolerance for ageism throughout the organization; an integrated process to develop comprehensive services using the geriatric approach; assistance with appropriateness decision-making and fostering links between the hospital and the community. Our current proposed strategy is to focus on delirium management as a hospital-wide condition that both requires and highlights the Geriatric Medicine specialist as an expert of content, for program development and of evaluation. Conclusion The Age-friendly Hospital concept we propose may lead the way to enable hospitals in the fast-moving health care system to deliver high-quality care without jeopardizing risk-benefit, function, and quality of life balances for the frail elderly. Recruitment and retention of skilled health care professionals would benefit from this positive ‘branding’ of an institution. Convincing hospital management and managing change are significant challenges, especially with competing priorities in a fiscal environment with limited funding. The implementation of a hospital-wide delirium management program is an example of an intervention that embodies many of the principles in the Age-friendly Hospital concept. It is important to change the way hospital care is delivered to older adults in time to meet our needs when we need hospital services ourselves. PMID:23251321

  7. Development of a baby friendly non-contact method for measuring vital signs: First results of clinical measurements in an open incubator at a neonatal intensive care unit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klaessens, John H.; van den Born, Marlies; van der Veen, Albert; Sikkens-van de Kraats, Janine; van den Dungen, Frank A.; Verdaasdonk, Rudolf M.

    2014-02-01

    For infants and neonates in an incubator vital signs, such as heart rate, breathing, skin temperature and blood oxygen saturation are measured by sensors and electrodes sticking to the skin. This can damage the vulnerable skin of neonates and cause infections. In addition, the wires interfere with the care and hinder the parents in holding and touching the baby. These problems initiated the search for baby friendly 'non-contact' measurement of vital signs. Using a sensitive color video camera and specially developed software, the heart rate was derived from subtle repetitive color changes. Potentially also respiration and oxygen saturation could be obtained. A thermal camera was used to monitor the temperature distribution of the whole body and detect small temperature variations around the nose revealing the respiration rate. After testing in the laboratory, seven babies were monitored (with parental consent) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) simultaneously with the regular monitoring equipment. From the color video recordings accurate heart rates could be derived and the thermal images provided accurate respiration rates. To correct for the movements of the baby, tracking software could be applied. At present, the image processing was performed off-line. Using narrow band light sources also non-contact blood oxygen saturation could be measured. Non-contact monitoring of vital signs has proven to be feasible and can be developed into a real time system. Besides the application on the NICU non-contact vital function monitoring has large potential for other patient groups.

  8. Choosing Safe Baby Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Baby Nutrition & Fitness Emotions & Behavior School & Family Life First Aid & Safety Doctors & Hospitals Q&A Recipes En Español Teachers - ... to Know Choosing Safe Baby Products KidsHealth > Parents > First Aid & Safety > Home Sweet Home > Choosing Safe Baby Products Print ...

  9. Hospital for sale: farewell to a faithful friend.

    PubMed

    Wilton, G

    1980-08-15

    For nearly a century and a half the Royal Hospital Sheffield has dominated a "prime site' near the centre of the city. Next month the buildings and land will be sold by tender. Gill Wilton takes a last nostalgic look at the old hospital and its history. PMID:10297987

  10. The Dementia Friendly Hospital Initiative Education Program for Acute Care Nurses and Staff

    PubMed Central

    Palmer, Janice L.; Lach, Helen W.; McGillick, Janis; Murphy-White, Maggie; Carroll, Maria B.; Armstrong, Johanna L.

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias have 3.2 million hospital stays annually, which is significantly more than older individuals without dementia. Hospitalized patients with dementia are at greater risk of delirium, falls, overwhelming functional decline that may extend the hospital stay, and prolonged and/ or complicated rehabilitation. These risks support the need for staff education on the special care needs of this vulnerable population. In this article we describe a full-day educational program, the Dementia Friendly Hospital Initiative, designed to teach staff how to provide the specialized care required by patients with dementia. Participants (N=355) from five different hospitals, including 221 nurses, completed a pre-test/ post-test evaluation for the program. Changes in participants’ attitudes/ practices, confidence, and knowledge were evaluated. Scores indicated significant improvement on the post-test. The evaluation provides further evidence for recommending dissemination of the DFHI program. PMID:25299008

  11. Towards Age-Friendly Hospitals in Developing Countries: A Case Study in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Ahmadi, Ahmad; Seyedin, Hesam; Fadaye-Vatan, Reza

    2015-01-01

    Background: Developing countries such as Iran are experiencing a growth in the elderly population. This is a challenge for healthcare providers and their families. This study investigated the extent in which hospitals at Tehran meet the criteria of age-friendly hospitals. Methods: In this descriptive study, using convenience sampling, 26 hospitals were selected in Tehran, the capital city of Iran. The instrument was a checklist included 50 items in the three dimensions of information and training of service providers, management systems in health care centers, physical environment and accessibility of hospitals. Results: Most hospitals were in a good condition regarding physical environment and access to public transportation, but in a poor condition for special healthcare programs for the elderly, teaching principles of geriatrics and gerontology, interaction of medical staff, physicians and nurses with senior patients and systems of priority for them. Conclusion: Due to the growing elderly population, it is necessary for health policymakers, especially in developing countries, to consider seriously the issue of elderly healthcare and their need for special outpatient and inpatient services. PMID:26000245

  12. Postnatal demoralisation among women admitted to a hospital mother-baby unit: validation of a psychometric measure.

    PubMed

    Bobevski, I; Rowe, H; Clarke, D M; McKenzie, D P; Fisher, J

    2015-12-01

    Demoralisation is a psychological state characterised by experiences of distress and sadness, helplessness, subjective incompetence and hopelessness, in the context of a stressful situation. Experiences of demoralisation may be particularly relevant to women who have recently given birth, who can feel incompetent, isolated and helpless. The psychometric properties of the Demoralisation Scale among women in the postnatal period participating in a clinical program were examined. Women admitted with their infants to a hospital mother-baby unit in Australia for five nights were recruited consecutively (N?=?209) and assessed at admission and discharge. The Demoralisation Scale was perceived as relevant and exhibited high reliability, acceptable construct validity and good sensitivity to change. The mean demoralisation score was high (M?=?30.9, SD?=?15.5) and associated with negative experiences of motherhood and functional impairment, independent of depression and anxiety symptoms. Mean demoralisation decreased significantly after program completion (M?=?18.4, SD?=?12.4). More participants showed a significant improvement in demoralisation (57.5 %) than in depression (34.8 %) and anxiety (9.8 %) symptoms. Demoralisation can provide a useful framework for understanding and measuring the experiences of women participating in postnatal clinical programs and in directing treatment towards helping women to acquire the necessary caregiving skills and increasing parental efficacy. The Demoralisation Scale is a useful clinical tool for assessing intervention effects. PMID:25520260

  13. A 4-year analysis of caesarean delivery in a Nigerian teaching hospital: one-quarter of babies born surgically.

    PubMed

    Okezie, A O; Oyefara, B; Chigbu, C O

    2007-07-01

    Between January 2001 and December 2004, a total of 2,922 deliveries were conducted at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital , Enugu. Caesarean section accounted for 740 deliveries, an incidence of 25.3%. A total of 62.2% of caesarean sections were done as emergencies, while 37.8% were done as elective procedures and 64.8% were booked patients. Repeat caesarean sections accounted for 59.2% of elective cases and 18.7% of emergency cases. Fetal distress was responsible for 11. 6% of emergency cases, however 35.6% of babies delivered for clinically diagnosed fetal distress had Apgar scores 7 and above. A total of 85.6% of patients were between 25 - 29 years of age; 31% were primigravida, while 54.4% were Gravida 2 - 4. There were seven (0.6%) maternal deaths and 73 (9.2%) stillbirths. It was concluded that reduction of primary caesarean section rate and repeat caesarean rates should be the main target of any strategy to reduce caesarean section rate. Other measures to reduce the caesarean section rate and recommendations are discussed. PMID:17701792

  14. Newborn Screening Tests for your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Spotlight Become a youth volunteer leader World Prematurity Day World Prematurity Your support helps babies We are ... hospital after birth, when he’s 1 to 2 days old. If your baby isn't born in ...

  15. A “Migrant Friendly Hospital” Initiative in Geneva, Switzerland: Evaluation of the Effects on Staff Knowledge and Practices

    PubMed Central

    Hudelson, Patricia; Dominice Dao, Melissa; Perneger, Thomas; Durieux-Paillard, Sophie

    2014-01-01

    Background International migration poses important challenges to European health care systems. The development of “migrant friendly hospitals” has been identified as a priority in both Europe and Switzerland. Methods A multi-pronged initiative was developed at Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) to improve staff knowledge and use of existing “migrant friendly” resources. A self-administered questionnaire was sent pre and post-intervention to random samples of 4 major professional groups with direct patient contact at the HUG. The questionnaire assessed staff knowledge, attitudes and reported practices regarding the care of migrant patients. Results Overall response rate was 51% (N?=?1460) in 2010 but only 19% (N?=?761) in 2013 owing to an institutionally imposed change in survey method. Despite these difficulties, and after adjusting for sample differences, we found that respondents in 2013 were significantly more likely to have received training in how to organize an appointment with an interpreter, how to work with an interpreter and about health and social services available for migrant patients. Respondents were also significantly more likely to have used several Migrant Friendly structures at the HUG. Use of, preference for and perceived skill at working with professional interpreters all improved, and respondents were both more likely to be encouraged by their supervisors to use professional interpreters, and less likely to be encouraged to look for alternative solutions for communicating with non francophone patients. Finally, 2013 respondents encountered fewer difficulties caring for migrant patients, although lack of time and language barriers continued to be the most important sources of difficulty. Conclusion Our results suggest that an institution-wide information campaign may contribute to increased awareness and use of migrant friendly resources by clinical staff. Hospital commitment and financing, along with inter-departmental participation in all activities were important in creating and maintaining project visibility, and in contributing to a migrant friendly institutional culture. PMID:25198063

  16. Babies and diarrhea

    MedlinePLUS

    Diarrhea and babies ... be difficult to tell when your baby has diarrhea. Most babies have a stool pattern that is ... following to help decide whether your baby has diarrhea: A sudden increase in how often your baby ...

  17. Cerebral Palsy Checklist: Babies & Preschoolers (Birth to age 5)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kids Deal With Bullies Pregnant? What to Expect Cerebral Palsy Checklist: Babies & Preschoolers KidsHealth > Parents > Doctors & Hospitals > Caring for a Seriously or Chronically Ill Child > Cerebral Palsy Checklist: Babies & Preschoolers Print A A A Text ...

  18. Baby Steps to Better Care: One Hospital's Story of Success in Health Care Improvement for Newborns and Their Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minear, Susan; Pedulla, Mary Jo; Philipp, Barbara L.

    2009-01-01

    Multidisciplinary support for families of newborns is critical for their health and safety. This article describes three programs at one urban hospital which were implemented to (a) improve breastfeeding support, (b) enhance practitioners' observation and communication skills, and (c) provide a comprehensive social response to the urgent…

  19. Breast is best for babies.

    PubMed Central

    Leung, Alexander K. C.; Sauve, Reginald S.

    2005-01-01

    Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding. PMID:16080672

  20. baby knitting patterns baby patterns from knittingdaily

    E-print Network

    .knittingdaily.com Vine Lace Baby Hat design by Sandi Wiseheart Originally published January 2007 Take a lovely yarn, cast#12;2222222 1 baby knitting patterns 7 free baby patterns from knittingdaily: 1 Vine Lace Baby Hat Sandi Wiseheart 2 Baby's First Sock Ann Budd 3 Knitted Cuddlies Louisa Harding 4 Star Light, Star Bright

  1. Shaken Baby Syndrome

    MedlinePLUS

    NINDS Shaken Baby Syndrome Information Page Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What is Shaken Baby Syndrome? Is there ... Trials Organizations Publicaciones en Español What is Shaken Baby Syndrome? Shaken baby syndrome is a type of ...

  2. In re Baby K.

    PubMed

    1993-07-01

    The District Court of the Eastern District of Virginia denied a hospital's application for a declaratory judgment stating that withholding ventilator treatment from an anencephalic infant over the mother's objection would not violate federal or state law. The mother's refusal to give consent to withhold ventilator assistance when the baby experienced respiratory distress was against the advice of her doctor and the hospital's medical ethics committee. The court did not grant the hospital's application, holding that the hospital was legally obligated to provide the treatment based on the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, the Rehabilitation Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Child Abuse Amendments of 1984, and the Virginia Medical Malpractice Act. PMID:11648613

  3. Gender Issues in Parenting Cleft Lip and Palate Babies in Southern Nigeria: A Study of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Umweni, A. A.; Okeigbemen, S. A.

    2009-01-01

    There is a scarcity of studies on gender issues in parenting cleft lip and palate (CLAP) babies. The birth of a CLAP child presents an immediate visible handicap that is distressing to parents. The aims and objectives of this study are to determine the influence of gender on the attitude of parents on the birth of CLAP babies, to articulate the…

  4. Baby massage.

    PubMed

    Carr, Helen

    2013-09-01

    Having initially trained as a nurse and then a midwife, massage for me was back to hands on care. In 1992, as part of my continuing professional development, I undertook an anatomy, physiology and massage course. My aim was to acquire skills that could benefit the mothers I cared for. My journey with baby massage began when I had my first son in 1993. At that time there were no courses or sessions on baby massage available but I did adapt some of the massage techniques I had learnt during my massage course to benefit me and my son. PMID:24163920

  5. Breastfeeding Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... benefits your baby in the following ways: • Breast milk provides the perfect mix of vitamins, protein, and ... your newborn’s digestive system grow and function. • Breast milk has antibodies that help your baby’s immune system ...

  6. Bonding with Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... is essential for a baby. Studies of newborn monkeys who were given mannequin mothers at birth showed ... soft material and provided formula to the baby monkeys, the babies were better socialized when they had ...

  7. Babies and heat rashes

    MedlinePLUS

    Heat rashes and babies; Prickly heat rash; Red miliaria ... To avoid heat rash , keep your baby cool and dry during warm weather. Some helpful suggestions: During the hot season, dress your baby in lightweight, soft, cotton clothing. Cotton ...

  8. Burping Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Burping Your Baby KidsHealth > Parents > Pregnancy & Newborn Center > Newborn Care > Burping ... up, crankiness, and gassiness. How to Burp Your Baby When burping your baby, repeated gentle patting on ...

  9. Baby burping position (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    To reduce spitting up, burp the baby several times during and after feeding. Sit the baby upright, with your hand supporting the head. Let the baby lean over slightly, bending at the waist. The upright ...

  10. What to Take to the Hospital

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the baby. Health insurance information A nightgown or big shirt to wear during labor, although a hospital ... the baby. Health insurance information A nightgown or big shirt to wear during labor, although a hospital ...

  11. JSW's baby cyclotron

    SciTech Connect

    Toda, Y.; Kaneda, Y.; Satoh, Y.; Suzukawa, I.; Yamada, T.

    1983-04-01

    Designed by The Japan Steel Works, Ltd., specially for installation in a hospital's medical department and nuclear research laboratory, '' JSW BABY CYCLOTRON '' has been developed to produce short-lived radioisotopes such as 11C, 13N, 15O and 18F. JSW's Baby Cyclotron has some design features. 1) Fixed energy and four sector azimuthally varying field. 2) Compact figure desired for hospital's nuclear medical department 3) A bitter type magnet yoke shielding activity 4) Simple control and operation 5) Easy maintenance without skilled personnel. Type BC105 (P:10MeV, d:5MeV), BC107 (P:10MeV, d:7MeV), BC168 (P:16MeV, d:8MeV) and BC1710 (P:17MeV, d:10MeV) are available according to required amount of radioisotopes. In our radioisotope production test, yield and purity of 11C, 13N, 15O and 18F are usable to clinical diagnosis.

  12. Safe Baby AGI Jordi Bieger1

    E-print Network

    Thórisson, Kristinn Rúnar

    . Keywords: artificial intelligence, nurture, nature, AI safety, friendly AI 1 Introduction Various kinds AGI will unavoidably start in a relatively harmless baby-like state, subject to the nurture]. In addition to the field's focus on AGI design (nature), we highlight here the importance of experience

  13. Spitting Up in Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    MENU Return to Web version Spitting Up in Babies Why do babies spit up? Babies spit up when they've eaten too much or when they've swallowed too much air while feeding. Spitting up usually happens when babies burp. It can also ...

  14. Your Premature Baby: Low Birthweight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... into the baby’s brain to drain the fluid. Patent ductus arteriosus (also called PDA) . PDA is a ... into the baby’s brain to drain the fluid. Patent ductus arteriosus (also called PDA) . PDA is a ...

  15. MotherToBaby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... babies – volunteer today. Learn More Find A MotherToBaby Affiliate Service Member programs of OTIS are located throughout ... Blog Ask An Expert Privacy Policy Site By: Marketing and Advertising Design Group

  16. Baby Check app.

    PubMed

    2015-12-01

    For parents worried about their baby's health and unsure whether to consult a health professional, the Baby Check app from the charity Lullaby Trust provides information that can help allay fears and create a clearer perspective. PMID:26639282

  17. Baby feeding patterns

    MedlinePLUS

    Breast milk is digested more rapidly than cow's milk formula. Breastfed babies usually require feeding every 1 - 3 ... from becoming engorged and stopping the production of milk. Formula-fed babies usually require feeding about every 2 - ...

  18. Your Colicky Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... of swallowing too much air while crying. Some theories suggest that colic happens when food moves too ... baby's digestive system or is incompletely digested. Other theories are that colic is due to a baby's ...

  19. Your Growing Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... below predict. By the end of their first month, most babies: Make jerky, quivering arm movements Bring ... 1 Month . By the end of their third month, most babies: Raise head and chest when lying ...

  20. Babies Need Tummy Time

    MedlinePLUS

    ... sharing on social media links Babies Need Tummy Time! Share this: Page Content Tummy Time is not ... of your baby's normal growth. What Is Tummy Time? Tummy Time describes the times when you place ...

  1. Losing Baby Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... important, too. They improve your flexibility and movement. Breastfeeding Not only does breastfeeding benefit babies, it's also ... important, too. They improve your flexibility and movement. Breastfeeding Not only does breastfeeding benefit babies, it's also ...

  2. Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cities. Ask a dentist or doctor if your water has fluoride in it. If it doesn’t, ask about other kinds of fluoride (such as fluoride varnish or drops) that can help keep your baby’s teeth healthy. Back to Top Check and clean your baby’s teeth. CHECK your baby’s teeth. Healthy ...

  3. The Physics of Babies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shemella, Philip

    2013-03-01

    Since the 2011 birth of my daughter I have been a 100% as a stay-at-home dad and 50% researcher. My ``Routine Adventures'' in the baby universe are the subject of this fun talk that presents the unique challenges of baby physics. Topics include ``Schroedinger's Baby'' and ``The Entropy of Rice.''

  4. Early Mother/Baby Contact: Consequences/Implications for Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vorster, de Wet

    To assess the effect of early mother-infant proximity on later stress and behavior, two studies were made which involved a sample of mother-baby pairs that was larger than samples utilized in previous studies. In Study 1, involving 300 consecutive mother-baby couples at the Maternity Hospital in Plymouth, England clinical medical officers used a…

  5. Baby Skyrmion chains

    E-print Network

    D. J. Foster

    2009-04-24

    Previous results on multi-charged Baby Skyrmion solutions have pointed to a modular structure, comprised of charge two rings and single charge one Skyrmions, which combine to form higher charged structures. In this paper we present numerical evidence which shows an alternative finite chain, multi-charged global energy minimum Baby Skymion solution. We then proceed from the infinite plane, to Baby Skyrmions on a cylinder and then a torus, to obtain the solutions of periodic Baby Skyrmions, of which periodic segments will correspond to sections of large charge Baby Skyrmions in the plane.

  6. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... same groups that recommend babies get vaccinated against whooping cough (pertussis), measles, tetanus, polio, and other serious diseases. ... B, many of these diseases such as rotavirus, whooping cough, and meningitis can result in severe illness, hospitalization, ...

  7. Noncommutative Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Theodora Ioannidou; Olaf Lechtenfeld

    2009-06-29

    We subject the baby Skyrme model to a Moyal deformation, for unitary or Grassmannian target spaces and without a potential term. In the abelian case, the radial BPS configurations of the ordinary noncommutative sigma model also solve the baby Skyrme equation of motion. This gives a class of exact analytic noncommutative baby Skyrmions, which have a singular commutative limit but are stable against scaling due to the noncommutativity. We compute their energies, investigate their stability and determine the asymptotic two-Skyrmion interaction.

  8. Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research A Healthy Mouth For Your Baby Healthy teeth are important—even ... fact sheet can help you keep your baby’s mouth healthy and give him a healthy start! 1. ...

  9. Your baby and the flu

    MedlinePLUS

    Babies and the flu; Your infant and the flu; Your toddler and the flu ... FLU SYMPTOMS IN INFANTS AND TODDLERS The flu is an infection of the nose, throat, and (sometimes) lungs. Call your baby’s health care ...

  10. The Friends of Aberdeen University Library FriendsFriendsFriends

    E-print Network

    Neri, Peter

    Friends The Friends of Aberdeen University Library T he FriendsFriendsFriends Registered Charity No. SC009009 FRIENDSACTIVITIES Date for your Diary THE FRIENDS OF ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY AGM Library by Siobhan Convery Senior Curator, Historic Collections University of Aberdeen We hope, also

  11. The Health Literacy Environment of Hospitals and Health Centers. Partners for Action: Making Your Healthcare Facility Literacy-Friendly

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudd, Rima E.; Anderson, Jennie E.

    2006-01-01

    The "health literacy environment" of a healthcare facility represents the expectations, preferences, and skills of those providing health information and services. Some of these demands are in the form of physical aspects of the hospital or health center, such as signs and postings. At the same time, access to and navigation of health services…

  12. Babies and Briefcases: Creating a Family-Friendly Workplace for Fathers. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

    Hearings on family-friendly workplaces for fathers were held in an effort to help create a corporate culture that allows fathers to take advantage of and support different workplace policies. Fathers' impact on children's development, and the reasons why it is important for fathers to be part of the parenting process, are examined. Representative…

  13. Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...

  14. Shaken Baby Syndrome.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Randell C.; Smith, Wilbur L.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the history, epidemiology, biomechanics, diagnosis, treatment, outcomes, long-term management, and prevention of shaken baby syndrome. It presents medical-legal issues as well as a discussion of programs aimed at prevention of physical abuse. (Author/DB)

  15. Can Baby Hear?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Current Issue Past Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Can Baby Hear? Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table ... to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). Prior to this, the average age ...

  16. Isospinning baby Skyrmion solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Battye, Richard A.; Haberichter, Mareike

    2013-12-01

    We perform full two-dimensional (2D) numerical relaxations of isospinning soliton solutions in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken by the 2D analogue of the pion mass term in the Skyrme model. In our calculations we explicitly allow the isospinning solitons to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configurations. We find that stable isospinning baby Skyrme solutions can be constructed numerically for all angular frequencies ??min?(?,1), where ? is the mass parameter of the model. Stable, rotationally symmetric baby Skyrmion solutions for higher angular velocities are simply an artefact of the hedgehog approximation. Isospinning multisoliton solutions of topological charge B turn out to be unstable to break up into their B charge-1 constituents at some critical breakup frequency value. Furthermore, we find that for ? sufficiently large the rotational symmetry of charge-2 baby Skyrmions becomes broken at a critical angular frequency ?.

  17. Baby supplies you need

    MedlinePLUS

    Diapers: (8 to 10 per day). Baby wipes: Unscented, alcohol free. You may want to start with ... to them. Vaseline (petroleum jelly): good to prevent diaper rash, and to care for a boy's circumcision. ...

  18. Laundering Your Baby's Clothes

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and fragrances that can irritate the skin. Cloth diapers are the only items that need to be ... your regular laundry because harsh detergents can cause diaper rash . Wash them with mild baby detergent. Also, ...

  19. Finger Foods for Babies

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Deal With Bullies Pregnant? What to Expect Finger Foods for Babies KidsHealth > Parents > Nutrition & Fitness Center > Healthy ... will accept a new food. Back Continue Finger Foods to Avoid Finger feeding is fun and rewarding ...

  20. Infants & Toddlers: "Baby Moves"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2007-01-01

    By three to four months of age, most babies placed on their tummies on a safe, warm surface push down with their arms and raise their chests, so that they can turn their heads to look about at the world around them. By five months, babies stretch both feet and hands upward in order to swipe at interesting mobiles placed overhead. At seven to nine…

  1. Compact baby skyrmions

    E-print Network

    C. Adam; P. Klimas; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

    2009-10-15

    For the baby Skyrme model with a specific potential, compacton solutions, i.e., configurations with a compact support and parabolic approach to the vacuum, are derived. Specifically, in the non-topological sector, we find spinning Q-balls and Q-shells, as well as peakons. Moreover, we obtain compact baby skyrmions with non-trivial topological charge. All these solutions may form stable multi-soliton configurations provided they are sufficiently separated.

  2. Feeding Baby Beeves. 

    E-print Network

    Burns, John C.

    1916-01-01

    - STATION BULLETIN NO. 198 NOVEMBER, 1916 DIVISION OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY FEEDING BABY BEEVES COLLEGE POSTOFFICE : STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. AUSTIN, TEXAS : VON BOECKMA'IN-JONES CO., PRINTERS, 1916. [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] TEXAS... AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 198 NOVEMBER, 19 16 ---- DIVISION OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY FEEDING BABY BEEVES J. C. BURNS, B. S. Animal Husbandry, Feeding 1 nvestigations ' POSTOFFICE : COLLEGE STATION, BUZOS COCSTY, TEXAS. AUSTIN, TEXAS...

  3. Compact baby Skyrmions

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, C.; Klimas, P.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

    2009-11-15

    For the baby Skyrme model with a specific potential, compacton solutions, i.e., configurations with a compact support and parabolic approach to the vacuum, are derived. Specifically, in the nontopological sector, we find spinning Q-balls and Q-shells, as well as peakons. Moreover, we obtain compact baby skyrmions with nontrivial topological charge. All these solutions may form stable multisoliton configurations provided they are sufficiently separated.

  4. Baby Universes Revisited

    E-print Network

    J. Ambjorn; J. Barkley; T. Budd; R. Loll

    2011-10-18

    The behaviour of baby universes has been an important ingredient in understanding and quantifying non-critical string theory or, equivalently, models of two-dimensional Euclidean quantum gravity coupled to matter. Within a regularized description based on dynamical triangulations, we amend an earlier conjecture by Jain and Mathur on the scaling behaviour of genus-$g$ surfaces containing particular baby universe `necks', and perform a nontrivial numerical check on our improved conjecture.

  5. When Babies Scream: Why Babies Scream and What to Do

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honig, Alice Sterling

    2006-01-01

    When a baby screams, that is a signal that all is not well for the body of the baby, for her emotional well-being, and/or for the baby's relationship with the teacher. During the first year of life, infants learn that adults are in control of providing reassuring care. Adults will "make things better" when a baby's tummy feels horribly empty, when…

  6. Isospinning baby Skyrmion Solutions

    E-print Network

    Battye, Richard A

    2013-01-01

    We perform full 2-dimensional numerical relaxations of isospinning soliton solutions in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken by the 2D analogue of the pion mass term in the Skyrme model. In our calculations we explicitely allow the isospinning solitons to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configurations. We find that stable isospinning baby Skyrme solutions can be constructed numerically for all angular frequencies $\\omega\\le\\text{min}(\\mu,1)$, where $\\mu$ is the mass parameter of the model. Isospinning multi-soliton solutions of topological charge $B$ turn out to be unstable to decay into its $B$ charge-1 constituents at some critical frequency value. Further we find that the rotational symmetry of charge-2 baby Skyrmions becomes broken with increasing angular frequency $\\omega$.

  7. Dinosaur Eggs and Babies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carpenter, Kenneth; Hirsch, Karl F.; Horner, John R.

    1996-01-01

    In the last couple of decades the study of dinosaur eggs and babies has proved to be one of the most exciting and profitable areas of dinosaur research. This is the first book solely devoted to this topic and reviews, in scientific detail, our present state of knowledge about this exciting area of palaeontology. Chapters in the book discuss all aspects of the science including the occurrence of eggs, nests and baby skeletons, descriptive osteology of juvenile skeletons, comparative histology of juvenile bone, analyses of eggs and egg shells, palaeoenvironments of nesting sites, nesting behaviour and developmental growth of baby dinosaurs. The volume will be an invaluable addition to the book collections of vertebrate palaeontologists and their graduate students.

  8. When babies turn yellow

    PubMed Central

    Ng, Mark Chung Wai; How, Choon How

    2015-01-01

    Neonatal jaundice is a common condition seen in the primary care setting. Most afflicted babies have physiological jaundice and their prognosis is good. However, others have pathological jaundice, which must be detected early. High levels of serum bilirubin can also result in bilirubin encephalopathy. This article describes consultation tasks in the primary care setting with the aim of providing a guide for the safe management of neonatal jaundice. They include clinical assessment of the baby’s well-being; looking out for features that suggest pathological jaundice; assessment for the presence of high-risk features; utilising appropriate laboratory tests for monitoring; assessing the degree of jaundice to decide if the child can be safely followed up in primary care; and providing advice on primary prevention measures and allaying parental concerns. The importance of stool colour examination and its role in early detection of cholestatic jaundice is emphasised. PMID:26668403

  9. Positioning your baby for breastfeeding

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Adjust your baby's position if you need to. FOOTBALL HOLD Use the football hold if you had a C-section. This ... large breasts or flat nipples also like the football hold. Hold your baby like a football. Tuck ...

  10. Protecting Your Baby from RSV

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Español Text Size Email Print Share Protecting Your Baby from RSV Article Body RSV is the most ... if they encounter it. How to Reduce Your Baby's Chances of Developing a More Serious RSV Infection: ...

  11. Assessing the Quality of Family, Friend, and Neighbor Care: The State of Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Douglas R.

    2008-01-01

    The author explores the extent to which infants and toddlers are regularly in the care of nonparental relatives, friends, and neighbors and notes the limited research on the quality of care provided by family, friends, and neighbors. (Note: This article is an excerpt from "Who's Watching the Babies?: Improving the Quality of Family, Friend, and…

  12. Bah's Baby Brother Is Born.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tapahonso, Luci

    This illustrated story, written for Native American children, stresses the importance of not drinking alcohol and taking care of oneself during pregnancy. The story centers on Bah, a young Native American girl whose mother is going to have a baby. Bah is very excited about getting a baby brother or sister and wants the baby to be healthy and…

  13. Boosting Your Baby's Brain Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.

    2009-01-01

    With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

  14. Healthy Smile for Your Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... small head made for babies. m When your baby gets her first tooth (usually around 6 to 10 months), begin brushing ... line of her front teeth. m If your baby has sore gums from a tooth coming in, give her a cold teething ring, ...

  15. Caring for Your Premature Baby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your baby is getting enough breast milk or formula. Premature babies often spit up after a feeding. This is normal, but you want to make sure that your baby is still gaining weight. Talk to your doctor if you think your ...

  16. Isospinning baby Skyrmion solutions

    E-print Network

    Richard A. Battye; Mareike Haberichter

    2014-09-03

    We perform full two-dimensional (2D) numerical relaxations of isospinning soliton solutions in the baby Skyrme model in which the global $O(3)$ symmetry is broken by the 2D analogue of the pion mass term in the Skyrme model. In our calculations we explicitely allow the isospinning solitons to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configurations. We find that stable isospinning baby Skyrme solutions can be constructed numerically for all angular frequencies $\\omega\\le \\text{min}(\\mu,1)$, where $\\mu$ is the mass parameter of the model. Stable, rotationally-symmetric baby Skyrmion solutions for higher angular velocities are simply an artefact of the hedgehog approximation. Isospinning multisoliton solutions of topological charge $B$ turn out to be unstable to break up into their $B$ charge-1 constituents at some critical breakup frequency value. Furthermore, we find that for $\\mu$ sufficiently large the rotational symmetry of charge-2 baby Skyrmions becomes broken at a critical angular frequency $\\omega$.

  17. Dogs Over Babies

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-08-19

    wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

  18. Aloof Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Salmi, Petja

    2014-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  19. Aloof Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

    2014-09-29

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  20. Aloof baby Skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul

    2015-01-01

    We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

  1. Broken Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Jäykkä, Juha; Sutcliffe, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The baby Skyrme model is a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of the Skyrme model, in which baryons are described by topological solitons. In this paper we introduce a version of the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the dihedral group D_N. It is found that the single soliton in this theory is composed of N partons, that are topologically confined. The case N=3 is studied in some detail and multi-soliton solutions are computed. These soliton solutions are related to polyiamonds, which are plane figures composed of equilateral triangles joined by common edges. Some comments are made regarding the extension of these ideas to the Skyrme model.

  2. Babies and the moon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toepker, Terrence P.

    2000-02-01

    ``More babies are born under a full moon than at any other time.'' Many of us have heard this assertion, and a few years ago I tried to get data that would support it. The note ``A Lesson in Curve Fitting'' by Scott Calvin (Phys. Teach. 37, 340, Sept. 1999) provoked me to pass some of the data on to readers of The Physics Teacher.

  3. Breastfeeding status and marketing practices of baby food manufactured in nursing homes.

    PubMed

    Mathur, G P; Pandey, P K; Mathur, S; Mishra, V K; Singh, K; Bhatt, O P; Loomba, R K; Luthra, C; Taneja, S; Kapoor, R

    1993-11-01

    In January 1993 in Kanpur, India, a survey of 7 private nursing homes revealed that infant formula was given to most newborns (52.4%). The most common brands included Lactogen-I, Milk Care, Raptakos, Dexolac Special Care, and Lactodex. Staff at 5 nursing homes gave prelacteal feeds (water, glucose water, and infant formula) to newborns when they were separated from their mothers. Staff at only 2 nursing homes gave the newborn to the mother immediately after delivery. The longest period between delivery and giving the newborn to the mother was 24 hours. All but one of the nursing homes did not know about the government policy and the recent bill that bars free or low-cost infant formula supplies to hospitals. The administration of the nursing homes did not inform the procurement department, in writing, of the government policy. 4 nursing homes bought low-cost supplies of infant formula from the companies. The companies sold the infant formula to the nursing homes at a price 48.3% to 86.7% lower than the market price. Medical stores inside or outside the nursing homes sold the infant formula to parents at the other 3 homes. The nursing homes used, on average, 2-50 kg/month. Nestle (Lactogen-I) and Dalmia Industries (Milk Care) had a monopoly in infant formula in 4 and 3 nursing homes, respectively. Infant formula was in stock in 5 nursing homes. None of the nursing homes gave mothers free or low-cost infant formula at discharge. Lower than market price and increased number of calls to the hospitals and physicians by company personnel were marketing techniques used by the manufacturers to maintain market share. These results show that, despite government policy and the bill, hospitals continue to use infant formula. The government should use the mass media to increase awareness about its policy on infant foods and the concept of the Baby Friendly Hospital. PMID:8039859

  4. Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth

    MedlinePLUS

    ... With Robert Irvine Pregnant? What to Expect Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth KidsHealth > Parents > KH Misc. > ... Birth Print A A A Text Size Prenatal Surgery: Helping Babies Before Birth Operating on a baby ...

  5. Welcoming a New Baby into Your Family

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the Body Works Main Page Welcoming a New Baby Into Your Family KidsHealth > Kids > Feelings > My Home & ... you're not getting enough sleep. Before the Baby Arrives A baby takes 9 months to grow ...

  6. Visiting your baby in the NICU

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an enclosed, see-through plastic crib called an incubator. This special crib will: Keep your baby warm. ... your baby's skin through the openings of the incubator. As your baby grows and improves, you will ...

  7. Mapping the Baby Universe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wanjek, Christopher

    2003-01-01

    In June, NASA plans to launch the Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP) to survey the ancient radiation in unprecedented detail. MAP will map slight temperature fluctuations within the microwave background that vary by only 0.00001 C across a chilly radiation that now averages 2.73 C above absolute zero. The temperature differences today point back to density differences in the fiery baby universe, in which there was a little more matter here and a little less matter there. Areas of slightly enhanced density had stronger gravity than low-density areas. The high-density areas pulled back on the background radiation, making it appear slightly cooler in those directions.

  8. Isorotating Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    A. Halavanau; Yakov Shnir

    2013-10-11

    We discuss how internal rotation with fixed angular frequency can affect the solitons in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the SO(2). Two particular choices of the potential term are considered, the "old" potential and the "new" double vacuum potential, We do not impose any assumptions about the symmetry on the fields. Our results confirm existence of two types of instabilities determined by the relation between the mass parameter of the potential and the angular frequency.

  9. De (Baby) Sitter Overlaps

    E-print Network

    Marcus K. Benna

    2012-10-30

    In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a 1+1 dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

  10. De (baby) Sitter overlaps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benna, Marcus K.

    2013-02-01

    In this note we employ methods borrowed from spin glass theory to study the phase space structure of fields in an inflating universe. In particular, we compute the overlap distribution of a suitably coarse-grained, massless scalar on a (1+1)-dimensional (hence baby) de Sitter background, and find that (after an appropriate shift and rescaling) it is given by a Gumbel distribution. We also calculate the triple overlap distribution of this system, whose characteristic function turns out to be a product of two Gumbel factors.

  11. Isorotating Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Halavanau, Alexey

    2013-01-01

    We discuss how internal rotation with fixed angular frequency can affect the solitons in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the SO(2). Two particular choices of the potential term are considered, the "old" potential and the "new" double vacuum potential, We do not impose any assumptions about the symmetry on the fields. Our results confirm existence of two types of instabilities determined by the relation between the mass parameter of the potential and the angular frequency.

  12. Broken Baby Skyrmions

    E-print Network

    Juha Jäykkä; Martin Speight; Paul Sutcliffe

    2011-09-01

    The baby Skyrme model is a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of the Skyrme model, in which baryons are described by topological solitons. In this paper we introduce a version of the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the dihedral group D_N. It is found that the single soliton in this theory is composed of N partons, that are topologically confined. The case N=3 is studied in some detail and multi-soliton solutions are computed. These soliton solutions are related to polyiamonds, which are plane figures composed of equilateral triangles joined by common edges. It is shown that the solitons may be viewed as pieces of a doubly periodic soliton lattice. An alternative model with D_3 symmetry is also introduced, which has an exact explicit soliton lattice solution. Soliton solutions are computed and compared in the two D_3 theories. Some comments are made regarding the extension of these ideas to the Skyrme model.

  13. Nonaxisymmetric baby-Skyrmion branes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Delsate, Térence; Hayasaka, Masahiro; Sawado, Nobuyuki

    2012-12-01

    We investigate the existence of nonaxisymmetric solutions in the six-dimensional baby-Skyrme brane model. The brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extra dimensions. Such nonsymmetric branes have already been constructed in the original 2+1-dimensional baby-Skyrme model in flat space. We generalize this result to the case of gravitating baby Skyrme and in the context of extra dimensions. These nontrivial deformations from the axisymmetric shape appear for higher values of the topological charge, so we consider the cases of B=3, 4, where B is the topological charge. We solve the coupled system of the Einstein and baby-Skyrme equations by the successive over-relaxation method. We argue that the result may be a possible resolution for the fermion mass hierarchy puzzle.

  14. Hospitals Doing Better Job of Promoting Breast-Feeding: CDC

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 154997.html Hospitals Doing Better Job of Promoting Breast-feeding: CDC Still, nearly 4 million babies are born ... News) -- U.S. hospitals have made significant improvements to breast-feeding support programs in recent years, providing better help ...

  15. Friend Finder

    MedlinePLUS

    ... página en español Video and Media Friend Finder (Game) Email Embed Grab this Game : Friends'T he Friends'Friends'Friends'

    E-print Network

    Neri, Peter

    to come to our meetings but we thank those of you who do and hope that our newsletter helps everyone at 25p each. FRIENDS' ACTIVITIES Dates for your Diary With the go-ahead now given for the new Library the meeting THE FRIENDS OF ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Spring Meeting The Old Senate Room, King's College, Old

  16. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319... § 319.56-48 Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby...

  17. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319... § 319.56-48 Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby...

  18. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319... § 319.56-48 Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby...

  19. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319... § 319.56-48 Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby...

    1. 7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ...2010-01-01 false Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. 319.56-48 Section 319... § 319.56-48 Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. Baby...

    2. Isorotating baby Skyrmions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Halavanau, A.; Shnir, Ya.

      2013-10-01

      We discuss how internal rotation with fixed angular frequency can affect the solitons in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken to the SO(2). Two particular choices of the potential term are considered, the “old” potential and the “new” double vacuum potential, We do not impose any assumptions about the symmetry on the fields. Our results confirm existence of two types of instabilities determined by the relation between the mass parameter of the potential ? and the angular frequency ?. It is shown that multi-Skyrmions in the model with old potential at some critical value of the angular frequency become unstable with respect to decay into single Skyrmion constituents.

    3. How to Care for Your Baby's Teeth

      MedlinePLUS

      ... a bottle. The milk can pool in your baby’s mouth and cause tooth decay. For the same reason, do not give ... start brushing my baby's teeth? Start cleaning your baby's teeth twice a day as soon as the first tooth appears. Until your child is 1 year of ...

    4. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43... § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a) Immature, dehusked “baby” sweet corn (Zea mays L..., which is a field, where the corn has been grown must have been inspected at least once during...

    5. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43... § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a) Immature, dehusked “baby” sweet corn (Zea mays L..., which is a field, where the corn has been grown must have been inspected at least once during...

    6. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43... § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a) Immature, dehusked “baby” sweet corn (Zea mays L..., which is a field, where the corn has been grown must have been inspected at least once during...

    7. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43... § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a) Immature, dehusked “baby” sweet corn (Zea mays L..., which is a field, where the corn has been grown must have been inspected at least once during...

    8. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43... § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a) Immature, dehusked “baby” sweet corn (Zea mays L... inches) in length may be imported into the continental United States from Zambia only under the...

    9. When your baby is stillborn

      MedlinePLUS

      ... to confirm that the baby's heart has stopped beating. If the woman's health is at risk, she ... Adopt good health habits. Smoking, drinking, and using street drugs are dangerous during pregnancy. Get help quitting ...

    10. Health Issues of Premature Babies

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Ages & Stages Prenatal Baby Bathing & Skin Care Breastfeeding Crying & Colic Diapers & Clothing Feeding & Nutrition Preemie Sleep Teething & Tooth Care Toddler Preschool Gradeschool Teen Young Adult Healthy ...

    11. Colostrum: Your Baby's First Meal

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Ages & Stages Prenatal Baby Bathing & Skin Care Breastfeeding Crying & Colic Diapers & Clothing Feeding & Nutrition Preemie Sleep Teething & Tooth Care Toddler Preschool Gradeschool Teen Young Adult Healthy ...

    12. The Baby Boomers’ Intergenerational Relationships

      PubMed Central

      Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

      2012-01-01

      Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three studies: (a) the Within Family Differences Study (WFDS) of mothers aged 65–75 and their multiple grown children (primarily Baby Boomers) ongoing since 2001; (b) the Family Exchanges Study (FES) of Baby Boomers aged 42–60, their spouses, parents, and multiple grown children ongoing since 2008; and (c) the Longitudinal Study of Generations (LSoG) of 351 three-generation families started when the Baby Boomers were teenagers in 1971, with interviews every 3–5 years from 1985 to 2005. Results: These studies show that the Baby Boomers in midlife navigate complex intergenerational patterns. The WFDS finds aging parents differentiate among Baby Boomer children in midlife, favoring some more than others. The FES shows that the Baby Boomers are typically more involved with their children than with their aging parents; Boomers’ personal values, family members’ needs, and personal rewards shape decisions about support. The LSoG documents how divorce and remarriage dampen intergenerational obligations in some families. Moreover, loosening cultural norms have weakened family bonds in general. Implications: Reviews of these studies provide insights into how the Baby Boomers may negotiate caregiving for aging parents as well as the likelihood of family care they will receive when their own health declines in the future. PMID:22250130

    13. Rourke Baby Record 2014

      PubMed Central

      Riverin, Bruno; Li, Patricia; Rourke, Leslie; Leduc, Denis; Rourke, James

      2015-01-01

      Abstract Objective To update the 2011 edition of the Rourke Baby Record (RBR) by reviewing current best evidence on health supervision of infants and children from birth to 5 years of age. Quality of evidence The quality of evidence was rated with the former (until 2006) Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care classification system and GRADE (grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation) approach. Main message New evidence has been incorporated into the 2014 RBR recommendations related to growth monitoring, nutrition, education and advice, development, physical examination, and immunization. Growth is monitored with the World Health Organization growth charts that were revised in 2014. Infants’ introduction to solid foods should be based on infant readiness and include iron-containing food products. Delaying introduction to common food allergens is not currently recommended to prevent food allergies. At 12 months of age, use of an open cup instead of a sippy cup should be promoted. The education and advice section counsels on injuries from unstable furniture and on the use of rear-facing car seats until age 2, and also includes information on healthy sleep habits, prevention of child maltreatment, family healthy active living and sedentary behaviour, and oral health. The education and advice section has also added a new environmental health category to account for the effects of environmental hazards on child health. The RBR uses broad developmental surveillance to recognize children who might be at risk of developmental delays. Verifying tongue mobility and patency of the anus is included in the physical examination during the first well-baby visit. The 2014 RBR also provides updates regarding the measles-mumps-rubella, live attenuated influenza, and human papillomavirus vaccines. Conclusion The 2014 RBR is the most recent update of a longstanding evidence-based, practical knowledge translation tool with related Web-based resources to be used by both health care professionals and parents for preventive health care during early childhood. The 2014 RBR is endorsed by the Canadian Paediatric Society, the College of Family Physicians of Canada, and the Dietitians of Canada. National and Ontario versions of the RBR are available in English and French. PMID:26564653

    14. Caesarean section and neonatal outcomes in private hospitals in Brazil: comparative study of two different perinatal models of care.

      PubMed

      Torres, Jacqueline Alves; Domingues, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira; Sandall, Jane; Hartz, Zulmira; Gama, Silvana Granado Nogueira da; Theme Filha, Mariza Miranda; Schilithz, Arthur Orlando Correa; Leal, Maria do Carmo

      2014-08-01

      This study aims at comparing caesarean section rates and neonatal outcomes of two perinatal models of care provided in private hospitals in Brazil. Birth in Brazil data, a national hospital-based cohort conducted in the years 2011/2012 was used. We analysed 1,664 postpartum women and their offspring attended at 13 hospitals located in the South-east region of Brazil, divided into a "typical"--standard care model and "atypical"--Baby-Friendly hospital with collaborative practices between nurse-midwives and obstetricians on duty to attend deliveries in an alternative labour ward. The Robson's classification system was used to compare caesarean sections, which was lower in the atypical hospital (47.8% vs. 90.8%, p<0.001). Full term birth, early skin-to-skin contact, breastfeeding in the first hour, rooming-in care, and discharge in exclusive breastfeeding were more frequent in the atypical hospital. Neonatal adverse outcome did not differ significantly between hospitals. The atypical hospital's intervention should be further evaluated since it might reduce caesarean section prevalence and increase good practices in neonatal care. PMID:25167181

    15. In re Baby M.

      PubMed

      1988-02-01

      In 1985 William Stern and Mary Beth Whitehead signed a surrogate parenting agreement which provided that Whitehead would be inseminated with Stern's semen and would surrender any resulting child to him and his wife, at which time she would be paid $10,000. Whitehead subsequently tried to keep the child, but the New Jersey Superior Court (Chancery Division/Family Part, Bergen County) awarded temporary custody of "Baby M" to the Sterns and then ruled on 31 March 1987 that the surrogacy contract was valid and that Stern should have sole custody, with Whitehead's parental rights to be terminated and Mrs. Stern given the right to adopt the child. In the current decision, the New Jersey Supreme Court upholds the awarding of custody to Mr. Stern as in the child's best interest, but holds the contract to be unenforceable and restores Whitehead's parental rights, leaving the terms of her visitation rights as noncustodial parent to be established by the trial court. PMID:11648559

    16. Quantum Entanglement of Baby Universes

      E-print Network

      Mina Aganagic; Takuya Okuda; Hirosi Ooguri

      2007-06-15

      We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in Type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

    17. Quantum entanglement of baby universes

      SciTech Connect

      Essman, Eric P.; Aganagic, Mina; Okuda, Takuya; Ooguri, Hirosi

      2006-12-07

      We study quantum entanglements of baby universes which appear in non-perturbative corrections to the OSV formula for the entropy of extremal black holes in type IIA string theory compactified on the local Calabi-Yau manifold defined as a rank 2 vector bundle over an arbitrary genus G Riemann surface. This generalizes the result for G=1 in hep-th/0504221. Non-perturbative terms can be organized into a sum over contributions from baby universes, and the total wave-function is their coherent superposition in the third quantized Hilbert space. We find that half of the universes preserve one set of supercharges while the other half preserve a different set, making the total universe stable but non-BPS. The parent universe generates baby universes by brane/anti-brane pair creation, and baby universes are correlated by conservation of non-normalizable D-brane charges under the process. There are no other source of entanglement of baby universes, and all possible states are superposed with the equal weight.

    18. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome: Never shake a baby

      PubMed Central

      Ward, Michelle GK; Bennett, Susan; King, W James

      2004-01-01

      Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) represents injuries to the head, skeleton and eyes of a young child and is the leading cause of fatal or life-threatening child abuse. SBS is preventable. The dangers and consequences of shaking a baby are not well appreciated by the general public. Simple educational programs and community nursing support programs have been shown to be helpful. Inadequate physician training and knowledge in child maltreatment have also been identified as problems. This article outlines the evidence for interventions in the prevention of SBS and recommendations for health care providers and educators. PMID:19657516

    19. Designer babies--why not?

      PubMed

      Evans, M

      2001-02-01

      Though many objections can be levelled against the idea of the practice of genetic intervention to produce 'designer babies', upon examination they are shown to hinge on features which concern parental intentions towards their children, rather than features specific to the means involved. These intentions may be pursued by a variety of social practices which may, though need not, involve a measure of 'traditional' genetic selection (i.e. in terms of the identity and characteristics of the reproducing partners). This paper reviews a number of these objections and, by parity of reasoning, rejects their claim to count specifically or decisively against genetic intervention in pursuit of 'designer babies'. Rejecting these objections does not lead to the endorsement of 'designing babies, but it shows that any unease must be grounded elsewhere and defended by other arguments. PMID:15586985

    20. Magnetothermodynamics of BPS baby skyrmions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2014-11-01

      The magnetothermodynamics of skyrmion type matter described by the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model at zero temperature is investigated. We prove that the BPS property of the model is preserved also for boundary conditions corresponding to an asymptotically constant magnetic field. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS equations saturating the bound are found. Further, we show that one may introduce pressure in the gauged model by a redefinition of the superpotential. Interestingly, this is related to non-extremal type solutions in the so-called fake supersymmetry method. Finally, we compute the equation of state of magnetized BSP baby skyrmions inserted into an external constant magnetic field H and under external pressure P , i.e., V = V ( P, H), where V is the "volume" (area) occupied by the skyrmions. We show that the BPS baby skyrmions form a ferromagnetic medium.

    1. 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2008-01-01

      NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 11 (June 5, 2008), the eleventh day after landing. It shows the trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm. The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test. The trench on the right is informally called 'Baby Bear.' The sample dug from Baby Bear will be delivered to the Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA. The Baby Bear trench is 9 centimeters (3.1 inches) wide and 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) deep.

      The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

    2. Friends'T he Friends'Friends'Friends'

      E-print Network

      Neri, Peter

      evening, this time speaking to us on Ernst Hanfstaengl (1887-1975), a mentor to Hitler and friend international figure, whose wife once prevented Hitler from committing suicide, and also give us yet another Road, Aberdeen Thursday 15 November 2007 7.30 pm Hitler's Mentor ­ Ernst Hanfstaengl by Jack Webster

    3. Friends'T he Friends'Friends'Friends'

      E-print Network

      Neri, Peter

      of Renaissance Studies at the University. As well as our rich holdings of printed books and manuscripts, Aberdeen University Library also holds printed and manuscript music going back to the Renaissance. Many remember to bring your new Friends' Membership Card or barcoded Library ticket with you to gain access

    4. Baby Solar System

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol

      2012-01-01

      What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

    5. Fetal Echocardiography/Your Unborn Baby's Heart

      MedlinePLUS

      ... pregnant mother's abdomen and sends out ultrasonic sound waves. The ultrasound waves bounce off the baby's organs, including the heart ... heart for the doctor to evaluate. The sound waves can also detect blood flow throughout the baby's ...

    6. Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Program Support Center Get Involved Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby Home Grieving Families Surviving the ... Candle on For Families Who Have Experienced the Death of a Baby The numbers are staggering. Every ...

    7. Your Baby's Development: The Second Trimester

      MedlinePLUS

      ... is the second trimester? The second trimester is week 13 through week 26 of your pregnancy. During this time, your ... his or her body. During the next few weeks, the rest of your baby’s body will get ...

    8. Especially for Teens: Having a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... An important vitamin for pregnant women is a B vitamin called folic acid. Getting enough folic acid before ... the best way to feed your baby. Breast milk helps the baby resist diseases and allergies. Breastfeeding ...

    9. Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Kids Deal With Bullies Pregnant? What to Expect Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's KidsHealth > Parents > ... sleep sooner. Continue My baby falls asleep while nursing. What can I do? Newborns often fall asleep ...

    10. Having a Baby (Especially for Teens)

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Transmitted Infections (STIs)" ). What should I know about breastfeeding? Breastfeeding is the best way to feed your baby. ... milk helps the baby resist diseases and allergies. Breastfeeding also is cheaper than bottle-feeding and may ...

    11. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-01-01

      ...Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43 Section 319...QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a)...

    12. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ...Agriculture 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43 Section 319...QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a)...

    13. Baby hands that move to the rhythm of language: hearing babies acquiring sign languages babble

      E-print Network

      Malfait, Nicole

      Baby hands that move to the rhythm of language: hearing babies acquiring sign languages babble; accepted 10 October 2003 Abstract The "ba, ba, ba" sound universal to babies' babbling around 7 months by the baby's emerging control over the mouth and jaw, and another being that it is a linguistic activity

    14. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ...Agriculture 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43 Section 319...QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a)...

    15. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ...Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43 Section 319...QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a)...

    16. 7 CFR 319.56-43 - Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ...Agriculture 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. 319.56-43 Section 319...QUARANTINE NOTICES Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-43 Baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. (a)...

    17. "Babies Grow a Long Time": A Preschool Project about Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Harrison, Andromahi

      2012-01-01

      This article describes a project related to babies undertaken by preschoolers in a university-affiliated child care center in the Midwest. Following a description of the class, the author discusses the three phases of the project. Photographs taken during the project are included throughout the article. The article concludes with the author's…

    18. Do Babies Matter (Part II)? Closing the Baby Gap

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mason, Mary Ann; Goulden, Marc

      2004-01-01

      Even though women make up nearly half of the PhD population, they are not advancing at the same rate as men to the upper ranks of the professoriate; many are dropping out of the race. Our first "Do Babies Matter?" article, published in the November-December 2002 issue of Academe, examined the effect of family formation on academic careers. It was…

    19. Recommendations for involving the family in developmental care of the NICU baby

      PubMed Central

      Craig, J W; Glick, C; Phillips, R; Hall, S L; Smith, J; Browne, J

      2015-01-01

      Family involvement is a key to realize the potential for long-lasting positive effects on physical, cognitive and psychosocial development of all babies, including those in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Family-centered developmental care (FCDC) recognizes the family as vital members of the NICU health-care team. As such, families are integrated into decision-making processes and are collaborators in their baby's care. Through standardized use of FCDC principles in the NICU, a foundation is constructed to enhance the family's lifelong relationship with their child and optimize development of the baby. Recommendations are made for supporting parental roles as caregivers of their babies in the NICU, supporting NICU staff participation in FCDC and creating NICU policies that support this type of care. These recommendations are designed to meet the basic human needs of all babies, the special needs of hospitalized babies and the needs of families who are coping with the crisis of having a baby in the NICU. PMID:26597804

    20. Recommendations for involving the family in developmental care of the NICU baby.

      PubMed

      Craig, J W; Glick, C; Phillips, R; Hall, S L; Smith, J; Browne, J

      2015-12-01

      Family involvement is a key to realize the potential for long-lasting positive effects on physical, cognitive and psychosocial development of all babies, including those in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Family-centered developmental care (FCDC) recognizes the family as vital members of the NICU health-care team. As such, families are integrated into decision-making processes and are collaborators in their baby's care. Through standardized use of FCDC principles in the NICU, a foundation is constructed to enhance the family's lifelong relationship with their child and optimize development of the baby. Recommendations are made for supporting parental roles as caregivers of their babies in the NICU, supporting NICU staff participation in FCDC and creating NICU policies that support this type of care. These recommendations are designed to meet the basic human needs of all babies, the special needs of hospitalized babies and the needs of families who are coping with the crisis of having a baby in the NICU. PMID:26597804

    1. Preparing Your Family for a New Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... can play with the new baby. Reassure your child that you will love him just as much after the baby is ... toward the baby. Do not overlook your older child's needs and activities . Let her know how much you love her. Make an effort to spend some time ...

    2. Your Baby's Development: The Third Trimester

      MedlinePLUS

      ... of the second trimester, all of your baby's organs and body parts are present and working correctly. Now everything needs to grow and mature. What does my baby feel during this trimester? Your baby begins using the senses of hearing and touch to learn about his ...

    3. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. The baby's sleep area has is the sudden, unexplained death of a baby younger than 1 year of age that doesn't have a known cause even after

    4. Understanding How Babies Build Language Skills

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2006-01-01

      Language is a great communication system. Through language, humans can express logical reasoning, grief, happiness, wishes, descriptions, and a rich array of feelings and ideas. Every baby deserves the gift of language power! In this article, the author discusses how babies build language skills and presents activities to help babies build…

    5. Care of the Migrant Baby.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard

      Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

    6. Compassionate Roots Begin with Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

      2010-01-01

      Long before babies understand words, they understand touch. The first experience of compassion infants receive is gentle, caring touch, which gives a strong message, especially when accompanied by eye contact and a soft tone of voice. The kind of relationship a compassionate caregiver strives to develop with an infant creates attachment, an…

    7. Babies, Toddlers and the Media.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Fenichel, Emily, Ed.

      2001-01-01

      "Zero to Three" is a single-focus bulletin of the National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families providing insight from multiple disciplines on the development of infants, toddlers, and their families. Noting that America's babies and toddlers live in a world full of television sets, VCRs, computers, videogames, and interactive toys, this…

    8. The Baby Boomers' Intergenerational Relationships

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill

      2012-01-01

      Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three…

    9. Limitations of child injury data from the CPSC's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System: the case of baby walker related data.

      PubMed Central

      Weiss, H. B.

      1996-01-01

      OBJECTIVES: The US Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) is a primary source for children's consumer product injury surveillance data in the US. Differing interpretations of the emergency department based NEISS baby walker data by various parties prompted this detailed examination, reclassification, and analysis of the NEISS data to explain these discrepancies. METHODS: Case selection was performed by searching the NEISS 1982-91 database for the baby walker product code and various text strings for children less than 24 months old. False negative and false positive cases were identified and reclassified. Adjusted population rates were computed and the types and locations of hospitals contributing to the sample were examined. RESULTS: One per cent false positive and 4% false negative misclassification rates were observed. In 1991, two children's hospitals reported 14% of the baby walker related injuries, though these hospitals made up just 2% of the sample frame. Through random allocation, one state currently contains four acute care hospitals and the only two children's hospitals reporting to the NEISS system. These six hospitals contributed 18% of the walker cases whereas the state represents only 3% of the US infant population. CONCLUSIONS: Misclassification in NEISS baby walker reports is minimal, with false negatives outweighing false positives. For trend analysis of product related injuries at the frequency of occurrence observed for baby walkers, NEISS suffers from low sensitivity due to sampling error. For children's injuries, NEISS' estimates have been affected by children's hospitals coming in and out of the sample and currently reflects a random geographic imbalance because one state contributes both of the reporting children's hospitals. To overcome these problems improved multiple product coding, a unique baby walker code, and stratification of children's hospitals in an enlarged NEISS sample is recommended. PMID:9346058

    10. Quit4baby: Results From a Pilot Test of a Mobile Smoking Cessation Program for Pregnant Women

      PubMed Central

      2015-01-01

      Background Text messaging (short message service, SMS) programs have been shown to be effective in helping adult smokers quit smoking. This study describes the results of a pilot test of Quit4baby, a smoking cessation text messaging program for pregnant smokers that was adapted from Text2quit. Objective The study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility and acceptability of Quit4baby for women currently enrolled in Text4baby, a perinatal health text messaging program. Methods Pregnant women enrolled in Text4baby and who were current smokers or had quit within the last 4 weeks (n=20) were enrolled in Quit4baby. Those under the age of 18, not pregnant, not current smokers, those using nicotine replacement therapy, and those not interested in participating were ineligible. Participants were surveyed at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks postenrollment. Results Most participants responded to the program favorably. Highly rated aspects included the content of the program, skills taught within the program, and encouragement and social support provided by the program. Participants reported that the program was helpful in quitting, that the program gave good ideas on quitting, and that they would recommend the program to a friend. Suggestions for improvement included increasing the message dose and making the quitpal more interactive. Conclusions This pilot test provides support for the feasibility and acceptability of Quit4baby. Future studies are needed to assess whether Quit4baby is effective for smoking cessation during pregnancy. PMID:25650765

    11. Whose Choice? Advocating Birthing Practices According to Baby’s Biological Needs

      PubMed Central

      Bergman, Jill; Bergman, Nils

      2013-01-01

      Modern western society and media often present the mother’s choices for her birth as paramount. Various gurus provide the mother with often conflicting advice. But the reality is that childbirth often becomes a medicalized event with many interventions and less than ideal outcomes. In many instances, the choices are made to suit health professionals and hospital routines rather than the mother. All the aforementioned are based on ideas and assumptions which predate evidence-based medicine and recent neuroscience. In reproductive biology, the newborn is an active participant and agent in birthing (Alberts, 1994). Based on this, the perspective which has been lacking is what is best for the baby; our choices should be primarily based on the basic biological needs of the infant. PMID:24381471

    12. The baby boom, the baby bust, and the housing market.

      PubMed

      Mankiw, N G; Weil, D N

      1989-05-01

      This paper explores the impact of demographic changes on the housing market in the US, 1st by reviewing the facts about the Baby Boom, 2nd by linking age and housing demand using census data for 1970 and 1980, 3rd by computing the effect of demand on price of housing and on the quantity of residential capital, and last by constructing a theoretical model to plot the predictability of the jump in demand caused by the Baby Boom. The Baby Boom in the U.S. lasted from 1946-1964, with a peak in 1957 when 4.3 million babies were born. In 1980 19.7% of the population were aged 20-30, compared to 13.3% in 1960. Demand for housing was modeled for a given household from census data, resulting in the finding that demand rises sharply at age 20-30, then declines after age 40 by 1% per year. Thus between 1970 and 1980 the real value of housing for an adult at any given age jumped 50%, while the real disposable personal income per capita rose 22%. The structure of demand is such that the swelling in the rate of growth in housing demand peaked in 1980, with a rate of 1.66% per year. Housing demand and real price of housing were highly correlated and inelastic. If this relationship holds in the future, the real price of housing should fall about 3% per year, or 47% by 2007. The theoretical model, a variation of the Poterba model, ignoring inflation and taxation, suggests that fluctuations in prices caused by changes in demand are not foreseen by the market, even though they are predictable in principle 20 years in advance. As the effects of falling housing prices become apparent, there may be a potential for economic instability, but people may be induced to save more because their homes will no longer provide the funds for retirement. PMID:12283640

    13. ["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].

      PubMed

      Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C

      2005-10-01

      Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD. PMID:16139550

    14. Improving efficiency, consistency and satisfaction on a mother-baby unit with the discharge nurse position.

      PubMed

      Ciaramella, Jane; Longworth, Nancy; Larraz, Laurie; Murphy, Stacy

      2014-01-01

      We created a discharge nurse position on a mother-baby unit in the hopes of improving outcomes related to the discharge process. Using the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS), we documented improved outcomes with regard to efficiency, consistency, standardization of patient education and patient satisfaction. PMID:25145721

    15. Wormholes, baby universes, and causality

      SciTech Connect

      Visser, M. )

      1990-02-15

      In this paper wormholes defined on a Minkowski signature manifold are considered, both at the classical and quantum levels. It is argued that causality in quantum gravity may best be imposed by restricting the functional integral to include only causal Lorentzian spacetimes. Subject to this assumption, one can put very tight constraints on the quantum behavior of wormholes, their cousins the baby universes, and topology-changing processes in general. Even though topology-changing processes are tightly constrained, this still allows very interesting geometrical (rather than topological) effects. In particular, the laboratory construction of baby universes is {ital not} prohibited provided that the umbilical cord'' is never cut. Methods for relaxing these causality constraints are also discussed.

    16. Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB II) Scoring System in Prediction of Mortality in Premature Babies

      PubMed Central

      Ezz-Eldin, Zahraa Mohamed; Hamid, Tamer A. Abdel; Nabil, Hossam El-Din

      2015-01-01

      Background Clinical Risk Index for Babies scoring system (CRIB II) score is a recently developed tool to predict initial risk of mortality amongst low birth weight babies, the utility of which is scarce in many developing countries. Objective To assess the efficiency of CRIB II score as a tool to predict the risk for neonatal mortality among the LBW babies admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a tertiary care facility Kasr El-Aini paediatric hospital, Cairo, Egypt. Materials and Methods Prospective cohort study design where 113 neonates, admitted during the first 24 hours to the NICU of Kasr El-Aini Hospital, from November 2013 till May 2014 were included. On admission, history taking, neonatal examination, arterial blood gas analysis and variables of CRIB II score were done. Subjects were followed up from admission till discharge or death. Results Male to female ratio was 1.1:1. Gestational age ranged from 25-32 weeks, the birth weight ranged from 700-1500 gm with mean of 1134.5 (± 202). CRIB II score ranged from 1-19 with a mean of 9.9 (± 4.0). The total mortality in the included cohort was 34.5% (31/113). Significant positive correlations were found between gestational age, birth weight, temperature, excess base, CRIB II score and the occurrence of mortality and with progressive increase in mortality with increasing CRIB II score (p=0.001). CRIB II score ? 11, gestational age ? 28 and birth weight ? 1100 were all found to be significantly associated with neonatal mortality. Area under ROC curve for CRIB II, gestational age and birth weight were found to be (0.968, 0.900 and 0.834) respectively. CRIB II score with cutoff point of ? 11 was the most sensitive (94.9%) with the predictive value (74.0%) and specificity (82.4%) compared to birth weight and gestational age. CRIB II score showed good calibration to predict neonatal mortality as demonstrated with Hosmer-lemeshow goodness of fit test (p= 0.952). Conclusion CRIB II score is a valid tool of initial risk assessment in LBW, predicting outcome more accurately than birth weight or gestational age alone. It is easily applicable and should replace the traditional models as predictor of neonatal outcome. PMID:26266178

    17. Baby universes in string theory

      SciTech Connect

      Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Gopakumar, Rajesh; Ooguri, Hirosi; Vafa, Cumrun

      2006-03-15

      We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

    18. Myth of the marsupial mother: home care of very low birth weight babies in Bogota, Colombia.

      PubMed

      Whitelaw, A; Sleath, K

      1985-05-25

      Because of the shortage of equipment and staff and the frequency of cross-infection in hospital, paediatricians at San Juan de Dios Hospital, Bogota, have been sending home babies weighing as little as 700 g, cared for between the mother's breasts in a vertical position and fed only on mother's milk ("kangaroo babies"). Infants as immature as 32 weeks gestation were successfully cared for at home in this way. Mother's milk was supplemented with guava juice and later with soup, but mean time to regain birth weight was 36 days. The previously publicised high survival figures for this home-care programme were found to be misleading because they omitted babies who had died in the first few days after birth. Although this approach is valuable in developing countries, home care of very low birth weight babies would not improve survival in industrialised nations. Nevertheless, care of such tiny infants in special care baby units in developed countries could benefit from similar emphasis on education and motivation of mothers and early skin-to-skin contact. PMID:2860400

    19. hepph/9410256 Dynamics of Baby Skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Schroers, Bernd J.

      DTP 94­25 hep­ph/9410256 Dynamics of Baby Skyrmions B.M.A.G. Piette 1 , B.J. Schroers 2 and W Physics B 439 (1995) pp 205­235 Abstract Baby Skyrmions are topological solitons in a (2+1)­dimensional and approximations commonly used in discussions of the Skyrme model to the dynamics of baby Skyrmions and directly

    20. Long-term outcomes of the shaken baby syndrome prevention program: Turkey’s experience

      PubMed Central

      Ta?ar, Medine Ay?in; ?ahin, Figen; Polat, Selda; ?lhan, Mustafa; Çamurdan, Aysu; Dallar, Y?ld?z; Beyazova, Ufuk

      2014-01-01

      Aim: Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a condition which may cause to serious health problems in the baby. SBS may be prevented by increasing awareness with giving education to parents especially in the early postnatal period. In shaken baby prevention programs, education is recommended to be given before the 2–4th month during which the frequency of crying is increased. It is important that education given in the early period is permanent until the period during which the frequency of crying is increased. The aim of this study was to evaluate the persistency of the benefit of the SBS prevention program until the 2–4th month during which crying is intensified. Material and Methods: This study is an interventional study. When the babies became 2–4 months old, a questionnaire which questioned the usefulness of education and the experiences with babies was applied to a group selected randomly among the mothers who received SBS prevention education during pregnancy or in the first 7 postnatal days (group A). The same questionnaire was applied to 143 mothers whose babies completed their first 2 months, who presented to the hospital for vaccination and who did not receive education about SBS as the control group (group B). The data were evaluated using the Statistical Program for Social Sciences (SPSS) 15.0 statistical analysis package program. Ethical approval was obtained from the local ethics committee (30.12.2009, 2785). Results: The rate of the mothers who stated “yes” to the sentence “babies occasionally cry” which was one of the main messages of the education was statistically significantly higher in group A compared to group B (p=0.001). The rate of the mothers who stated “I agree” to the sentence “battering is harmful for babies” was statistically significantly higher in group A compared to group B (p=0.001). Conclusions: Conclusively, it was found that SBS prevention program education was permanent until the 2–4th month. PMID:26078664

    1. Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models

      SciTech Connect

      Adam, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Wereszczynski, A.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.

      2010-04-15

      A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby Skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or noncompact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or nonexistence of multi-Skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

    2. Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; T. Romanczukiewicz; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2010-02-09

      A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or non-compact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or non-existence of multi-skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

    3. Can Babies Learn to Read? A Randomized Trial of Baby Media

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley; Strouse, Gabrielle

      2014-01-01

      Targeted to children as young as 3 months old, there is a growing number of baby media products that claim to teach babies to read. This randomized controlled trial was designed to examine this claim by investigating the effects of a best-selling baby media product on reading development. One hundred and seventeen infants, ages 9 to 18 months,…

    4. 75 FR 81788 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-28

      ...1509 Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full- Size Baby Cribs AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission...Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs,'' and ASTM F 406-10a,...

    5. Infants and Toddlers: Soothing and Comforting Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2004-01-01

      Babies thrive on security. In early months, secure feelings stem from being warm, cuddled closely, and comfortable in their tummies (and in having clean bottoms!). In this article, the author discusses how to soothe infants and toddlers. The strategies to help ease babies' distress are described. Some of the recommended strategies include: (1) to…

    6. Image credit: Dreamstime Breakthrough for babies

      E-print Network

      Image credit: Dreamstime Breakthrough for babies born with severe cleft palates STFC's ISIS facility has been used to develop a novel material which is designed to improve the treatment of cleft birth defect in Britain, with one in every 700 affected by cleft lip or palate issues; 1,000 babies per

    7. Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa

      2011-01-01

      The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

    8. For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. The baby's sleep area has

    9. Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Baird, Stephen L.

      2007-01-01

      "Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

    10. Rich Responses Help Babies Learn and Thrive

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gillespie, Linda; Parlakian, Rebecca

      2009-01-01

      This article reminds infant care teachers of the ways thoughtful interactions between adults and very young children teach babies and toddlers who they are as individuals. "When teachers take the time to respond respectfully and thoughtfully, babies and young children learn and thrive."

    11. Psycho? Logical? Bulletin! HELP ANOTHER BABY

      E-print Network

      Spirtes, Peter

      . Badger. Also, it's a cool name for a girl - a little tomboy, but also a little cute. And Favre is self a baby girl. But since the baby isn't here yet, there's still time to suggest names. As of press time-explanatory. It's appropriate for both boys and girls (although, if you want to go super feminine, you could make

    12. Healthy Native Babies Project Workbook and Toolkit

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) NatioNal iNstitutes of HealtH U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Healthy Native Babies Project Workgroup Developed with the Native American created for the Healthy Native Babies Project were crafted with care and revised with the feedback

    13. Non-axisymmetric baby-skyrmion branes

      E-print Network

      Térence Delsate; Masahiro Hayasaka; Nobuyuki Sawado

      2012-08-31

      We investigate the existence of non axisymmetric solutions in the 6-dimensional baby-Skyrme brane model. The brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extra dimensions. Such non symmetric branes have already been constructed in the original 2+1-dimensional baby-Skyrme model in flat space. We generalize this result to the case of gravitating baby-Skyrme and in the context of extradimensions. These non-trivial deformation from the axisymmetric shape appear for higher values of the topological charge, so we consider the cases of $B=3,4$, where $B$ is the topological charge. We solve the coupled system of the Einstein and baby-Skyrme equations by successive over relaxation method. We argue that the result may be a possible resolution for the fermion mass hierarchy puzzle.

    14. What to Do if Your Baby's Screening Reveals a Possible Hearing Problem

      MedlinePLUS

      ... for Parents Name of baby: ________________________________ Birthday: ______/______/______ By 1 month old: Make sure that your baby’s hearing has ... your baby is 1 month old. By 3 months old: If your baby didn’t pass the ...

    15. Otitis Media in “Water Babies

      PubMed Central

      Watters, W.B.; Evans, C.E.

      1987-01-01

      To examine the clinical impression that the incidence of otitis media in infant swimmers (“water babies”) is higher than that in non-swimmers, we reviewed the records and interviewed the parents of 186 children under the age of four and one-half years seen in a suburban family practice. Sixty-five% (46/71) of swimmers as compared to 50% (58/115) of non-swimmers had been diagnosed as having at least one episode of otitis media. Although this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.055), this pilot study encouraged us to pursue further the possible association between otitis media and early-childhood swimming classes. PMID:21263947

    16. The vector BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2012-07-02

      We investigate the relation between the BPS baby Skyrme model and its vector meson formulation, where the baby Skyrme term is replaced by a coupling between the topological current $B_\\mu$ and the vector meson field $\\omega_\\mu$. The vector model still possesses infinitely many symmetries leading to infinitely many conserved currents which stand behind its solvability. It turns out that the similarities and differences of the two models depend strongly on the specific form of the potential. We find, for instance, that compactons (which exist in the BPS baby Skyrme model) disappear from the spectrum of solutions of the vector counterpart. Specifically, for the vector model with the old baby Skyrme potential we find that it has compacton solutions only provided that a delta function source term effectively screening the topological charge is inserted at the compacton boundary. For the old baby Skyrme potential squared we find that the vector model supports exponentially localized solitons, like the BPS baby Skyrme model. These solitons, however, saturate a BPS bound which is a nonlinear function of the topological charge and, as a consequence, higher solitons are unstable w.r.t. decay into smaller ones, which is at variance with the more conventional situation (a linear BPS bound and stable solitons) in the BPS baby Skyrme model.

    17. The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      The existence of Bogomolny decompositions for gauged baby Skyrme models L. T. St¸epie´n Abstract The Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for the gauged baby Skyrme models: restricted and full one equations, Bogomol'nyi equations, Bogomolny decomposition, baby Skyrme model 1 Introduction The baby Skyrme

    18. Babies, Television and Videos: How Did We Get Here?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Wartella, Ellen; Richert, Rebekah A.; Robb, Michael B.

      2010-01-01

      Baby media have exploded in the past decade, and children younger than 2 are showing increased use of these baby media. This paper examines the historical evidence of babies' use of television since the 1950s as well as the various factors that have given rise to the current increase in screen media for babies. We also consider the ubiquitous role…

    19. The Aging Baby Boom: Implications for Employment and Training Programs.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Poulos, Stacy; Nightingale, Demetra Smith

      By the end of 2005, the oldest baby boomers will begin turning 60. Although baby boomers have generally done better than any previous generation in terms of income and education, not all baby boomers have been successful. As baby boomers age, the total economically disadvantaged population will increase. Consequently, over the next decade, the…

    20. ARTICLE TOOLS PRINTER FRIENDLY

      E-print Network

      Somers, David

      ARTICLE TOOLS PRINTER FRIENDLY E-MAIL TO A FRIEND NATION RSS FEED MOST E-MAILED MORE: Globe Nation pastorate See full list of most e-mailed SEARCH THE ARCHIVES Advanced search ADVERTISEMENT Start saving

    1. Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard University

      Cancer.gov

      Brigham and Women's Hospital has established a multidisciplinary team in consortium with industry, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to address prostate cancer, the most common malignancy and third leading cause of cancer-related mortality in American men. Due to the ageing "baby boomers", the number of men with localized prostate cancer will increase, as will the need for an accurate non-invasive imaging tool. Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging has the ability to deliver precise anatomical mapping of tumor.

    2. Baby Elephant at Vet School 

      E-print Network

      Unknown

      2011-08-17

      , who has been there for me to motivate me when I needed someone the most. ? My unborn son, who challenged me to push myself even harder due to the pregnancy. ? My parents, Mae and Curtis for always pushing me to give my best and do whatever my.... This individual was open and supportive of my research and made me feel comfortable being on the campus. This person will always have a special place in my heart. Thanks also to all my friends who v have also been pursuing their doctorate. We have...

    3. Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Emails CDC Features Help Protect Babies from Whooping Cough Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... few even die from the disease. Understanding Whooping Cough Vaccines: DTaP and Tdap There are two vaccines ...

    4. Mineral profile of Spanish commercial baby food.

      PubMed

      Mir-Marqués, Alba; González-Masó, Anna; Cervera, M Luisa; de la Guardia, Miguel

      2015-04-01

      Commercial baby foods are an important part of the daily intake of babies from 6 to 12 months. The mineral profile of commercial baby foods in Spain was determined to establish levels of essential and non-essential elements, and their contribution to adequate intake (AI) and estimated average requirement (EAR). Thirty-five jars of commercial foods containing meat, fish, vegetables and fruit were obtained from the Spanish market and the mineral composition determined for 14 elements. In general, the baby foods analysed were sufficient for an adequate mineral intake, but contributions to AI and EAR for iron, zinc and calcium were very low (5-20%, 10-60% and 10-70%, respectively). This deficiency could be associated with growth problems or diseases in adulthood, and fortification of commercial products is recommended. PMID:25442549

    5. Protect Yourself and Your Baby from Dengue

      MedlinePLUS

      Avoid mosquito bites during pregnancy to prevent dengue in your newborn baby • Dengue is transmitted by the bite of ... To prevent dengue virus infection during pregnancy » Use mosquito repellents with up to 50% DEET, picaridin, IR3535 ...

    6. Will Stress during Pregnancy Affect My Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Research Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications Will stress during pregnancy affect my baby? Skip sharing on ... health care provider during your prenatal visits. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Pregnancy PTSD is a more ...

    7. Questions Parents Ask about Baby Shots

      MedlinePLUS

      ... baby against these diseases? No. Breastfeeding offers temporary immunity against some minor infections like colds, but it ... preferable to “artificial” vaccination, leading to a “natural” immunity. Some even arrange chickenpox “parties” to ensure their ...

    8. When Your Teen Is Having a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... With Bullies Pregnant? What to Expect When Your Teen Is Having a Baby KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family ... at a time like this. Continue What Your Teen May Be Feeling Just a short time ago ...

    9. When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect

      MedlinePLUS

      ... as heart defects, cleft lip and palate, or cerebral palsy, you may find yourself having to serve as ... and Children Cleft Lip and Palate Spina Bifida Cerebral Palsy Down Syndrome Birth Defects When Your Baby Is ...

    10. Benzocaine and Babies: Not a Good Mix

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Consumers Consumer Updates Benzocaine and Babies: Not a Good Mix Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing ... children are more at risk, it’s still a good idea to talk to your health care professional ...

    11. Protect Your Baby from Group B Strep!

      MedlinePLUS

      ... from spreading to your baby. The antibiotic (usually penicillin) is given to you through an IV (in ... vein) during childbirth. If you are allergic to penicillin, there are other antibiotics to help treat you ...

    12. Your Baby's Development: The First Trimester

      MedlinePLUS

      ... During this stage, the baby is called an embryo. What changes occur during the embryonic stage? During ... parts begin to develop. The cells of the embryo (called embryonic stem cells) multiply and change into ...

    13. Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

      MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

      ... It's Only Natural Planning ahead Overcoming challenges Overcoming breastfeeding challenges Dealing with lack of family support Is my baby getting enough milk? Breastfeeding in one word Common questions about breastfeeding and ...

    14. Friends and Relatives

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Corner Memorial Opportunities Memorial Contributions Memorial Funds National Tree of Hope Monument Request Information The Program Support ... occasions. Permanent memorials, such as the First Candle Tree of Hope, help families know that their baby ...

    15. After vaginal delivery - in the hospital

      MedlinePLUS

      ... the hospital for 24 hours after delivery. Take advantage of this time to bond with your new baby, get some rest, and ... in the room with you helps you to bond with your new family ... health reasons, take advantage of this time and rest as much as ...

    16. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Andrei Domrin; Olaf Lechtenfeld; Roman Linares; Marco Maceda

      2013-08-28

      The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

    17. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Domrin, Andrei; Linares, Roman; Maceda, Marco

      2013-01-01

      The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

    18. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Domrin, Andrei; Lechtenfeld, Olaf; Linares, Román; Maceda, Marco

      2013-11-01

      The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

    19. How Post-Traumatic Stress Affects Mothers' Perceptions of Their Babies: A Brief Video Feedback Intervention Makes a Difference

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Schechter, Daniel S.

      2004-01-01

      This article summarizes the scant existing research on the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on mothers and their babies during the peripartum period and describes a pilot research project within the Infant-Family Service (IFS) at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital, an outpatient mental health service for inner-city families with…

    20. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Is your baby being breastfed exclusively? ( ) ( ) Is your baby feeding well? ( ) ( ) How often is your baby feeding? How long/How many ounces? Is your baby stooling comfortably

    1. [Blueberry muffin baby. A rare presentation of congenital cytomegalovirus infection].

      PubMed

      Martins, Sofia; Rocha, Gustavo; Silva, Goretti; Calistru, Ana; Pissarra, Susana; Guimarães, Hercília

      2011-12-01

      The 'blueberry muffin baby' designation was used to describe the cutaneous manifestations of congenital rubella. The differential diagnosis includes other TORCH infections, blood dyscrasias, neoplasms, or vascular disorders. We present a case of a newborn admitted at birth for presenting disseminated violaceous cutaneous nodules. Pregnancy was full term and without infectious complications, with prenatal diagnosis of restrictive intrauterine growth, hydramnios and suspected esophageal atresia. Maternal serology with no evidence of infection. The newborn blood study showed thrombocytopenia, direct hyperbilirubinemia, elevated transaminases and coagulopathy. During hospitalization he showed progressive hepatosplenomegaly. Skin biopsy showed extramedullary erythropoiesis. Myelogram revealed absence of megakaryocytic line precursors. The molecular analysis for cytomegalovirus in peripheral blood and bone marrow was positive. Cerebral ultrasound examination revealed bilateral calcifications and periventricular hyperechogenicity. The placental anatomopathological exam showed features suggestive of cytomegalovirus infection. On the fifth day of life was initiated ganciclovir. This case presentation is intended to emphasize that although it is a rare manifestation, congenital cytomegalovirus infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of 'blueberry muffin baby'. PMID:22856417

    2. Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Pizer, Ginger; Walters, Keith; Meier, Richard P.

      2007-01-01

      This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of "baby signing" in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. Baby signing fits neatly into the parenting ideologies prevalent in the professional class in the United States that value early…

    3. Fathers & Babies: How Babies Grow and What They Need from You, from Birth to 18 Months.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Marzollo, Jean

      This book provides fathers with specific developmental theory and practical skills and advice concerning how babies grow and what they need from fathers from the time they are born until they turn 18 months. Each chapter provides information and theory on age appropriate play activities and specific information on a baby's growth and developmental…

    4. Baby Culture and the Curriculum of Consumption: A Critical Reading of the Film "Babies"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Maudlin, Julie G.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.; Thaller, Jonel

      2012-01-01

      We focus on the recently emerging "baby culture" that is fostering a curriculum of consumption and consumerism among parents-to-be and infants aged zero-to-three. To gain insight into how the cultural artifacts, practices, and trends emerging from this demographic are shaping the way we think and act in a consumer culture, we investigate "Babies,"…

    5. Evaluation of growth in very low birth weight preterm babies

      PubMed Central

      Ye?inel, Serdar; Aldemir, Esin Y?ld?z; Kavuncuo?lu, Sultan; Ye?inel, Seda; Y?ld?z, Hayrettin

      2014-01-01

      Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate physical growth of very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm babies at a mean age of three years and to investigate the factors which affected growth. Material and Methods: The factors including maternal problems, prenatal problems, early neonatal problems, nutrition, familial socioeconomical status and presence of chronic disease which affected catch-up growth in terms of height and weight in VLBW infants followed up in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of our hospital were examined. The target height formula was used in assessment of growht in height and the contribution of genetic properties was investigated. The points of the subjects on the growth curve were plotted according to the Percentile Curve of the Turkish Children prepared by Neyzi et al. The states of the subjects with and without intrauterine growth retardation (were compared. The study was intitiated after obtaining approval from the ethics committeee of our hospital (100/25.10.2005). Results: One hundred and seventeen preterm babies (57 females and 60 males) with a mean adjusted age of 35.8±2.39 80 of whom were appropriate for gestational age (AGA), 28 of whom were symmetrical (small gestational age) SGA and 9 of whom were asymmetrical SGA were included in the study. The mean gestational age (GA) was found to be 31±2.16 weeks and the mean birth weight (BW) was found to be 1271±226 g. The mean current height was found to be 92.06±4.90 cm. The mean weight was found to be 12.98±1.94 kg. The mean target height was calculated to be 163.66±8.1 cm (157.20 cm for the girls and 170.20 cm for the boys). It was found that 15 preterm babies (12.8%) could not achieve the target height (girls: 6%, boys: 6.8%). The risk factors related with failure to achieve target height were found to include ventilator treatment, presence of chronic disease, advanced stage intracranial bleeding (ICB), posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus, absence of breastfeeding, failure to sit at the table with the family and malnutrition. The maternal age, early rupture of membranes (PROM), preeclampsia, smoking, early neonatal problems, gender, being AGA and SGA, gestational age, birth weight and socioeconomical level were statistically insignificant in terms of achieving target height (p>0.05). Conclusions: If very low birth weight preterm babies have no chronic disease and condition leading to neurodevelopmental retardation and if they are breastfed early and continuously (0–24 months), they can achieve catch-up growth similar to term babies. In examination of growth in terms of height, using target height may be more appropriate to shown the genetic potential. PMID:26078680

    6. Please designate my gift(s) to a Club Sport Friends Groups: Friends of Club Aikido ___

      E-print Network

      Rowley, Clarence W.

      Please designate my gift(s) to a Club Sport Friends Groups: Friends of Club Aikido ___ Friends's Club Basketball ___ Friends of Women's Club Basketball ___ Friends of Cheerleading ___ Friends of Club ___ Friends of Club Men's Soccer ___ Friends of Club Women's Soccer ___ Friends of Club Sports ___ Friends

    7. BabySQUID: A mobile, high-resolution multichannel magnetoencephalography system for neonatal brain assessment

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Okada, Yoshio; Pratt, Kevin; Atwood, Christopher; Mascarenas, Anthony; Reineman, Richard; Nurminen, Jussi; Paulson, Douglas

      2006-02-01

      We developed a prototype of a mobile, high-resolution, multichannel magnetoencephalography (MEG) system, called babySQUID, for assessing brain functions in newborns and infants. Unlike electroencephalography, MEG signals are not distorted by the scalp or the fontanels and sutures in the skull. Thus, brain activity can be measured and localized with MEG as if the sensors were above an exposed brain. The babySQUID is housed in a moveable cart small enough to be transported from one room to another. To assess brain functions, one places the baby on the bed of the cart and the head on its headrest with MEG sensors just below. The sensor array consists of 76 first-order axial gradiometers, each with a pickup coil diameter of 6mm and a baseline of 30mm, in a high-density array with a spacing of 12-14mm center-to-center. The pickup coils are 6±1mm below the outer surface of the headrest. The short gap provides unprecedented sensitivity since the scalp and skull are thin (as little as 3-4mm altogether) in babies. In an electromagnetically unshielded room in a hospital, the field sensitivity at 1kHz was ˜17fT/?Hz. The noise was reduced from ˜400to200fT/?Hz at 1Hz using a reference cancellation technique and further to ˜40fT/?Hz using a gradient common mode rejection technique. Although the residual environmental magnetic noise interfered with the operation of the babySQUID, the instrument functioned sufficiently well to detect spontaneous brain signals from babies with a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of as much as 7.6:1. In a magnetically shielded room, the field sensitivity was 17fT/?Hz at 20Hz and 30fT/?Hz at 1Hz without implementation of reference or gradient cancellation. The sensitivity was sufficiently high to detect spontaneous brain activity from a 7month old baby with a SNR as much as 40:1 and evoked somatosensory responses with a 50Hz bandwidth after as little as four averages. We expect that both the noise and the sensor gap can be reduced further by approximately half with a gain in SNR of about four. Thus, we conclude from the performance of the prototype that it should be feasible to improve the babySQUID to detect cortical activity in infants in real time with high spatial resolution.

    8. Hospitality Hospitality/Foodservice: TBD

      E-print Network

      Dyer, Bill

      Hospitality Management Hospitality/Foodservice: TBD Food Science: TBD Recreation/Tourism: TBD Culinary Arts/Hospitality NTT: TBD SFBS Sustainable Food & Bioenergy Systems Faculty: Alison Harmon & Campus Restaurant Managed By: Gallatin College Program Director/ Hospitality Management Instructor

    9. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

      E-print Network

      Ashcroft, Jennifer; Krusch, Steffen

      2015-01-01

      We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as all currently known baby Skyrme models must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons whilst at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

    10. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

      E-print Network

      Jennifer Ashcroft; Mareike Haberichter; Steffen Krusch

      2015-05-29

      We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as the standard baby Skyrme model must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons while at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

    11. Baby Skyrme models without a potential term

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ashcroft, Jennifer; Haberichter, Mareike; Krusch, Steffen

      2015-05-01

      We develop a one-parameter family of static baby Skyrme models that do not require a potential term to admit topological solitons. This is a novel property as the standard baby Skyrme model must contain a potential term in order to have stable soliton solutions, though the Skyrme model does not require this. Our new models satisfy an energy bound that is linear in terms of the topological charge and can be saturated in an extreme limit. They also satisfy a virial theorem that is shared by the Skyrme model. We calculate the solitons of our new models numerically and observe that their form depends significantly on the choice of parameter. In one extreme, we find compactons while at the other there is a scale invariant model in which solitons can be obtained exactly as solutions to a Bogomolny equation. We provide an initial investigation into these solitons and compare them with the baby Skyrmions of other models.

    12. Observations on kangaroo baby care.

      PubMed

      Mukasa, G K

      1992-01-01

      The author's visit to "kangaroo care" programs in Guatemala and Colombia has led Uganda's University of Kampala to consider the introduction of this innovation in its neonatal special care unit. Such programs, which place premature infants in direct contact with their mother's skin during breastfeeding, represents a simple, inexpensive strategy for infant survival in developing countries and eliminates the need for mechanical incubators. Research conducted at the Hospital Universitario de Valle in Cali, Colombia, found that falls in the infant's body temperature. In the Latin American programs, premature infants are entered into the breastfeeding program immediately after delivery. PMID:12346093

    13. Affordable luxury resort residences for the Baby Boomers

      E-print Network

      Boyer, Mark Valdez

      2005-01-01

      The purpose of this thesis is to determine the business viability of Oasis Destination Club, the first destination club designed entirely for the upper middle income baby boomer. The baby boomer generation is the largest ...

    14. Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Risk of ... do people get Salmonella infections from live baby poultry? Live poultry may have Salmonella germs in their ...

    15. N=1 supersymmetric extension of the baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; J. M. Queiruga; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2011-05-05

      We construct a method to supersymmetrize higher kinetic terms and apply it to the baby Skyrme model. We find that there exist N=1 supersymmetric extensions for baby Skyrme models with arbitrary potential.

    16. Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea? KidsHealth > Parents > Pregnancy & Newborn Center > Q&As > Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea? Print A A A Text Size What's ...

    17. Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... may need to have a c-section. A c-section can cause problems for your baby. Babies ... through the vagina, also called the birth canal.) C-sections can cause problems in future pregnancies. Once ...

    18. When Your Baby Is Born with a Health Problem

      MedlinePLUS

      ... the extra bilirubin so the baby's body can process it. Immature lungs are another common problem. These occur when a baby's lungs lack sufficient surfactant, a chemical that prevents the air sacs from collapsing during breathing. Surfactant isn't ...

    19. When Your Baby's in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)

      MedlinePLUS

      ... baby's progress? Is wi-fi access available for smartphones and other devices? Can we use our cellphones ... its daily examination and evaluation). Ask the NICU's social worker about what ... of interaction your baby likes (stroking, singing, etc.) what time ...

    20. Hexagonal Structure of Baby Skyrmion Lattices

      E-print Network

      Itay Hen; Marek Karliner

      2008-01-28

      We study the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby Skyrmions by applying a full-field numerical minimization algorithm to baby Skyrmions placed inside different parallelogramic unit-cells and imposing periodic boundary conditions. We find that within this setup, the minimal energy is obtained for the hexagonal lattice, and that in the resulting configuration the Skyrmion splits into quarter-Skyrmions. In particular, we find that the energy in the hexagonal case is lower than the one obtained on the well-studied rectangular lattice, in which splitting into half-Skyrmions is observed.

    1. Hexagonal structure of baby Skyrmion lattices

      SciTech Connect

      Hen, Itay; Karliner, Marek

      2008-03-01

      We study the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby Skyrmions by applying a full-field numerical minimization algorithm to baby Skyrmions placed inside different parallelogramic unit cells and imposing periodic boundary conditions. We find that within this setup, the minimal energy is obtained for the hexagonal lattice, and that in the resulting configuration the Skyrmion splits into quarter Skyrmions. In particular, we find that the energy in the hexagonal case is lower than the one obtained on the well-studied rectangular lattice, in which splitting into half Skyrmions is observed.

    2. Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons

      SciTech Connect

      Foster, David; Sutcliffe, Paul

      2009-06-15

      Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by {omega} mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) {sigma} model including a Skyrme term. We find that multisolitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

    3. Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons

      E-print Network

      David Foster; Paul Sutcliffe

      2009-01-23

      Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by omega mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) sigma-model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) sigma-model including a Skyrme term. We find that multi-solitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.

    4. Review of Rotational Symmetry Breaking in Baby Skyrme Models

      E-print Network

      Marek Karliner; Itay Hen

      2009-01-12

      We discuss one of the most interesting phenomena exhibited by baby skyrmions -- breaking of rotational symmetry. The topics we will deal with here include the appearance of rotational symmetry breaking in the static solutions of baby Skyrme models, both in flat as well as in curved spaces, the zero-temperature crystalline structure of baby skyrmions, and finally, the appearance of spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in rotating baby skyrmions.

    5. The existence of Bogomolny decomposition for baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      ?. T. St?pie?

      2012-04-27

      We derive the Bogomolny decompositions (Bogomolny equations) for: full baby Skyrme model and for its restricted version (so called, pure baby Skyrme model), in (2+0) dimensions, by using so called, concept of strong necessary conditions. It turns out that Bogomolny decomposition can be derived for restricted baby Skyrme model for arbitrary form of the potential term, while for full baby Skyrme model, such derivation is possible only for some class of the potentials.

    6. Friends' Discovery Camp

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Seymour, Seth

      2008-01-01

      This article features Friends' Discovery Camp, a program that allows children with and without autism spectrum disorder to learn and play together. In Friends' Discovery Camp, campers take part in sensory-rich experiences, ranging from hands-on activities and performing arts to science experiments and stories teaching social skills. Now in its 7th…

    7. Cognitive Development Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because

      E-print Network

      Hill, Wendell T.

      fitting babies as young as 3 months old with Velcro "sticky mittens" designed by Amy NeedhamCognitive Development in Infants Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because. In particular, Woodward probes how babies view other people. Human beings constantly infer other people's mental

    8. Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Junior League of St. Paul, MN.

      Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

    9. Baby Steps: How "Less is More" in Unsupervised Dependency Parsing

      E-print Network

      Jurafsky, Daniel

      Baby Steps: How "Less is More" in Unsupervised Dependency Parsing Valentin I. Spitkovsky Computer grammar induction. Both are based on Klein and Manning's Dependency Model with Valence. The first, Baby to more intricate models and advanced algorithms. 2 Baby Steps Global non-convex optimization is hard [11

    10. Baby Lip-Readers Center of Attention in FAU Study

      E-print Network

      Fernandez, Eduardo

      Baby Lip-Readers Center of Attention in FAU Study New findings suggest earlier way to detect autism to talk by listening and looking at his mother. "Around 6 months of age, when babies begin to babble University professor David Lewkowicz said. At FAU's Baby Lab, researchers studied more than 200 infants

    11. BABY VERMA MODULES FOR RATIONAL CHEREDNIK ALGEBRAS IAIN GORDON

      E-print Network

      Gordon, Iain

      BABY VERMA MODULES FOR RATIONAL CHEREDNIK ALGEBRAS IAIN GORDON Abstract. In this paper, we introduce baby Verma modules for symplectic reflection algebras of complex reflection groups at parameter properties. We use baby Verma modules to answer several problems posed by Etingof and Ginzburg, [8], and give

    12. For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death #12;This is what a safe sleep environment looks like. The baby's sleep area has is the sudden, unexplained death of a baby younger than 1 year of age that doesn't have a known cause even after

    13. Baby Center A parent's resource for many aspects of

      E-print Network

      Cina, Jeff

      RESOURCES Baby Center A parent's resource for many aspects of parenting including breast, and community life with work and educational responsibilities. Whether you're having a baby, helping your aging OF OREGON #12;Are you a university student, faculty, or staff member who is nursing your baby? You may want

    14. Infant & Toddlers: How to Calm an Exuberant Baby

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2006-01-01

      It is important to understand that babies differ in temperament. Some are sensationally exuberant and loud. Others are more withdrawn and quiet. Babies also differ in tempo and style. Some eat with gusto. Others deliberately scoop a bit of cooked cereal onto a spoon and slowly munch on their food. Helping a baby learn to modulate voice tones means…

    15. Implementing the Fussy Baby Network[R] Approach

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gilkerson, Linda; Hofherr, Jennifer; Heffron, Mary Claire; Sims, Jennifer Murphy; Jalowiec, Barbara; Bromberg, Stacey R.; Paul, Jennifer J.

      2012-01-01

      Erikson Institute Fussy Baby Network[R] (FBN) developed an approach to engaging parents around their urgent concerns about their baby's crying, sleeping, or feeding in a way which builds their longer-term capacities as parents. This approach, called the FAN, is now in place in new Fussy Baby Network programs around the country and is being infused…

    16. Born Too Soon: Care for the preterm baby

      PubMed Central

      2013-01-01

      As part of a supplement entitled "Born Too Soon", this paper focuses on care of the preterm newborn. An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications of preterm birth, and around one million more where preterm birth is a risk factor, especially amongst those who are also growth restricted. Most premature babies (>80%) are between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and many die needlessly for lack of simple care. We outline a series of packages of care that build on essential care for every newborn comprising support for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, thermal care, and hygienic cord and skin care. For babies who do not breathe at birth, rapid neonatal resuscitation is crucial. Extra care for small babies, including Kangaroo Mother Care, and feeding support, can halve mortality in babies weighing <2000 g. Case management of newborns with signs of infection, safe oxygen management and supportive care for those with respiratory complications, and care for those with significant jaundice are all critical, and are especially dependent on competent nursing care. Neonatal intensive care units in high income settings are de-intensifying care, for example increasing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and this makes comprehensive preterm care more transferable. For health systems in low and middle income settings with increasing facility births, district hospitals are the key frontier for improving obstetric and neonatal care, and some large scale programmes now include specific newborn care strategies. However there are still around 50 million births outside facilities, hence home visits for mothers and newborns, as well as women's groups are crucial for reaching these families, often the poorest. A fundamental challenge is improving programmatic tracking data for coverage and quality, and measuring disability-free survival. The power of parent's voices has been important in high-income countries in bringing attention to preterm newborns, but is still missing from the most affected countries. Declaration This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). The original article was published in PDF format in the WHO Report "Born Too Soon: the global action report on preterm birth" (ISBN 978 92 4 150343 30), which involved collaboration from more than 50 organizations. The article has been reformatted for journal publication and has undergone peer review according to Reproductive Health's standard process for supplements and may feature some variations in content when compared to the original report. This co-publication makes the article available to the community in a full-text format. PMID:24625233

    17. There's a Baby in My Stomach!

      E-print Network

      Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

      2006-11-22

      . The badges--which come in pink and blue--read "There's a baby in my stomach" and are designed to let other riders know when a woman is pregnant . One might well conclude that, if your average Japanese cannot spot an expectant mother a mile off, it might just...

    18. Back to School for Retired Baby Boomers

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bumgardner, Stan

      2009-01-01

      Across the nation, schools increasingly are tapping into a vast resource pool--retired educators. The potential effects of the retirement boom--baby boomers reaching retirement age--have been well documented. An April 2009 "New York Times" article estimates that by 2013, more than one-third of the nation's 3.2 million teachers could retire. One…

    19. Your baby in the birth canal

      MedlinePLUS

      ... for your baby inside your uterus at the time of delivery is head down. This is called cephalic presentation. ... head down, your doctor may recommend a cesarean delivery. Breech ... occurs about 3% of the time. There are a few types of breech: A ...

    20. Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.

      2012-01-01

      Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

    1. Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers. Commentary

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Fishman, Seth

      2011-01-01

      In the article, "Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers", Moltz highlights how community colleges are currently implementing programs, such as the American Association of Community Colleges' Plus 50 Completion strategy, to encourage older learners to return to America's college campuses. The effects of the recent recession and the educational desires…

    2. Baby universes in 2d quantum gravity

      E-print Network

      J. Ambjorn; S. Jain; G. Thorleifsson

      1993-03-26

      We investigate the fractal structure of $2d$ quantum gravity, both for pure gravity and for gravity coupled to multiple gaussian fields and for gravity coupled to Ising spins. The roughness of the surfaces is described in terms of baby universes and using numerical simulations we measure their distribution which is related to the string susceptibility exponent $\\g_{string}$.

    3. Reconsideration of the Coleman's Baby Universe

      E-print Network

      Kiyoharu Kawana

      2015-06-17

      We reconsider the Coleman's mechanism that solves the Cosmological Constant Problem by the baby universes. We use the Lorentzian path integral and allow each universe has a different effective field theory and a vacuum. By using the probability distribution of coupling constants, it is shown that the cosmological constant of our universe does not necessary become small due to the effects of other universes.

    4. On Constructing Baby Universes and Black Holes

      E-print Network

      Tanmay Vachaspati

      2007-05-15

      The creation of spacetimes with horizons is discussed, focussing on baby universes and black holes as examples. There is a complex interplay of quantum theory and General Relativity in both cases, leading to consequences for the future of the universe and the information loss paradox, and to a deeper understanding of quantum gravity.

    5. Baby Universes in 4d Dynamical Triangulation

      E-print Network

      S. Catterall J. Kogut; R. Renken; G. Thorleifsson

      1995-09-04

      We measure numerically the distribution of baby universes in the crumpled phase of the dynamical triangulation model of 4d quantum gravity. The relevance of the results to the issue of an exponential bound is discussed. The data are consistent with the existence of such a bound.

    6. Social Early Stimulation of Trisomy-21 Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Aparicio, Maria Teresa Sanz; Balana, Javier Menendez

      2003-01-01

      This study was initiated with twenty Down's syndrome babies to verify whether subjects undergoing social early stimulation would benefit from this type of treatment. An experimental study was designed with two training groups: visual or written instructions. The analyses of the results established statistically significant differences in the…

    7. 75 FR 43107 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-07-23

      ...CPSC-2010-0075] Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full- Size Baby Cribs AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission...Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs,'' and ASTM F 406-10, ``Standard...

    8. Christmas 2012 Dear friends,

      E-print Network

      Styer, Robert

      is very proud to be six years old. He loves to ask questions, especially about heaven: Why is heaven up? Will I be a baby in heaven? Does somebody in heaven feed our guinea pig (who died last winter)? In August

    9. Haematological parameters in postpartum women and their babies in Poland - comparison of urban and rural areas.

      PubMed

      Wojty?a, Cezary; Bili?ski, Przemys?aw; Paprzycki, Piotr; Warzocha, Krzysztof

      2011-12-01

      Anaemia is a serious health problem in the contemporary world which aff ects 24.8% of the total human population. It is especially frequent among pregnant women and children. Anaemia is considered as a risk factor of an unfavourable outcome of pregnancy. More than a half of the cases of anaemia, especially among pregnant women, are caused by iron deficiency. The prevalence of anaemia worldwide is especially high among the rural population. It is estimated that the incidence of anaemia after delivery is 4-27%. Anaemia occurring in pregnant women is the cause of anaemia in newborns after birth. The objective of the study was analysis of the haematological parameters of postpartum women and newborns, with particular consideration of the comparison between urban and rural areas. The studies were conducted with the use of questionnaire forms based on the project undertaken in the USA: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). The survey was carried out on a single day, during the period 9-13 August 2010, in all hospitals in Poland where mothers were hospitalized with their newborns. The presented study was based on the replies concerning the results of whole blood count tests in mothers and their babies. The results of the study did not confirm any significant differences between Hct, Hb and RBC values between urban and rural mothers. In both cases, the Hct levels were at the lower limit of normal. Also, no differences with respect to the above-mentioned values were noted among the newborns, although the babies of urban mothers had a higher Hb level. The results of the studies indicate the lack of differences in the health of mothers and their newborn babies with respect to the urban or rural place of residence. Despite this, anaemia is associated with complications which are life-threatening for the mother and the baby; therefore, efforts should be undertaken in order to minimize this problem. PMID:22216816

    10. Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)

      PubMed Central

      2010-01-01

      Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981

    11. Christmas 2009 Dear Friends,

      E-print Network

      Styer, Robert

      of friends. He still reads a lot, and enjoys a multitude of computer games. Joe is a senior and says he has kids enjoyed visits from several cousins. Bob's summer classes ended just in time for the trip to China

    12. Rotational symmetry breaking in baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      Itay Hen; Marek Karliner

      2007-10-21

      We consider multisolitons with charges 1 =baby Skyrme model for the one-parametric family of potentials U=\\mu^2 (1-\\phi_3)^s with 0baby Skyrme models. We find that for charge one, stable solutions exist for every value of s and they are rotationally-symmetric. For higher charges, stable solutions exist only below s \\approx 2. In the charge-two sector the stable solutions are always rotationally-symmetric and ring-like. For charge three and above, rotational symmetry is exhibited only in the small s region; above a certain critical value of s, this symmetry is broken and a strong repulsion between the constituent one-Skyrmions becomes apparent. We also compute the spatial energy distributions of these solutions.

    13. On the names of Babi?ski.

      PubMed

      Gasecki, A P; Hachinski, V

      1996-02-01

      The 100th anniversary of the discovery of the extensor plantar response will be celebrated in 1996. It was Joseph François Félix Babi?ski who became known worldwide for the sign that bears his name. In order to help Joseph in establishing his career, brother Henri gave up his aspirations and abandoned engineering. Clovis Vincent, "father' of French neurosurgery and pupil of Joseph, stated: "Joseph Babinski lived for science, and Henri lived for his brother; without Henri Babinski, Joseph would not have accomplished that much". However, Henri's name became famous in all Paris for a cookbook Gastronomie Pratique written under the pseudonym of "Ali-Bab.' Throughout Joseph's career his surname remained distorted despite his own efforts to spell and pronounce it correctly. Several people can claim the name Babi?ski, but in neurology and neurosurgery there is only one, Joseph. PMID:8673967

    14. Algorithm Bibliography Baby Step, Giant Step

      E-print Network

      Babinkostova, Liljana

      Bibliography Then we calculate Q - jmP for j = 0, 1, .., 7, or until we find a point equal to one of the iP of order n, and let P, Q G. The problem is to find an integer k such that kP = Q. The Baby Step, Giant an integer m n and compute mP. 2. Compute and store a list for each iP for 1 i m - 1. 3. Compute

    15. Community Colleges Offer Baby Boomers an Encore

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Emeagwali, N. Susan

      2007-01-01

      A 2005 MetLife Foundation/Civic Ventures New Face of Work Survey found that many baby boomers are eager to make career changes that can launch a new chapter in their working lives while they make social contribution. The survey found that 50 percent of Americans age 50 to 70 want jobs that contribute to the greater good. It found that more than 53…

    16. The Simmel effect and babies’ names

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Krawczyk, M. J.; Dydejczyk, A.; Ku?akowski, K.

      2014-02-01

      Simulations of the Simmel effect are performed for agents in a scale-free social network. The social hierarchy of an agent is determined by the degree of his/her node. Particular features, once selected by a highly connected agent, become common in lower classes but soon fall out of fashion and become extinct. Numerical results reflect the dynamics of frequency of American babies’ names in 1880-2011.

    17. A baby owl is found at CCAFS

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2000-01-01

      A baby owl, possibly a screech owl, displays its wings at the photographer snapping its picture. The owl was found on the stairs inside Hangar G, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. It had apparently tried to fly from a nest near the ceiling but couldn't get back to it. Workers called an Audubon rescue center near Orlando, which captured it and will ensure the bird is returned to the wild when it's ready.

    18. A baby owl is found at CCAFS

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2000-01-01

      A baby owl, possibly a screech owl, shows its fear and resentment of the photographer snapping its picture. The owl was found on the stairs inside Hangar G, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. It had apparently tried to fly from a nest near the ceiling but couldn't get back to it. Workers called an Audubon rescue center near Orlando, which captured it and will ensure the bird is returned to the wild when it's ready.

    19. A baby owl is found at CCAFS

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2000-01-01

      A baby owl, possibly a screech owl, stares at the photographer snapping its picture. The owl was found on the stairs inside Hangar G, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. It had apparently tried to fly from a nest near the ceiling but couldn't get back to it. Workers called an Audubon rescue center near Orlando, which captured it and will ensure the bird is returned to the wild when it's ready.

    20. The gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2012-07-09

      The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. In the limit where the term quadratic in derivatives (the "sigma model term") vanishes some additional structure emerges. The resulting ("extreme" or "restricted" or "BPS") baby Skyrme model has exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this restricted model. Further, the restricted model has infinitely many symmetries and infinitely many conservation laws. Here we consider the gauged version of the restricted baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term for the gauge field. We find that, again, there exists a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. We further find that the whole problem is essentially determined by a new kind of superpotential equation. The BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a solution which exists globally, i.e., on the whole target space. We also calculate soliton solutions both exactly and numerically, completely confirming our qualitative analytical results.

    1. The dynamics of aloof baby Skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Salmi, Petja

      2015-01-01

      The aloof baby Skyrme model is a (2+1)-dimensional theory with solitons that are lightly bound. It is a low-dimensional analogue of a similar Skyrme model in (3+1)-dimensions, where the lightly bound solitons have binding energies comparable to nuclei. A previous study of static solitons in the aloof baby Skyrme model revealed that multi-soliton bound states have a cluster structure, with constituents that preserve their individual identities due to the short-range repulsion and long-range attraction between solitons. Furthermore, there are many different local energy minima that are all well-described by a simple binary species particle model. In this paper we present the first results on soliton dynamics in the aloof baby Skyrme model. Numerical field theory simulations reveal that the lightly bound cluster structure results in a variety of exotic soliton scattering events that are novel in comparison to standard Skyrmion scattering. A dynamical version of the binary species point particle model is shown to...

    2. The dynamics of aloof baby Skyrmions

      E-print Network

      Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe

      2015-11-11

      The aloof baby Skyrme model is a (2+1)-dimensional theory with solitons that are lightly bound. It is a low-dimensional analogue of a similar Skyrme model in (3+1)-dimensions, where the lightly bound solitons have binding energies comparable to nuclei. A previous study of static solitons in the aloof baby Skyrme model revealed that multi-soliton bound states have a cluster structure, with constituents that preserve their individual identities due to the short-range repulsion and long-range attraction between solitons. Furthermore, there are many different local energy minima that are all well-described by a simple binary species particle model. In this paper we present the first results on soliton dynamics in the aloof baby Skyrme model. Numerical field theory simulations reveal that the lightly bound cluster structure results in a variety of exotic soliton scattering events that are novel in comparison to standard Skyrmion scattering. A dynamical version of the binary species point particle model is shown to provide a good qualitative description of the dynamics.

    3. Risks associated with obesity in pregnancy, for the mother and baby: a systematic review of reviews.

      PubMed

      Marchi, J; Berg, M; Dencker, A; Olander, E K; Begley, C

      2015-08-01

      Maternal obesity is linked with adverse outcomes for mothers and babies. To get an overview of risks related to obesity in pregnant women, a systematic review of reviews was conducted. For inclusion, reviews had to compare pregnant women of healthy weight with women with obesity, and measure a health outcome for mother and/or baby. Authors conducted full-text screening, quality assurance using the AMSTAR tool and data extraction steps in pairs. Narrative analysis of the 22 reviews included show gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension, depression, instrumental and caesarean birth, and surgical site infection to be more likely to occur in pregnant women with obesity compared with women with a healthy weight. Maternal obesity is also linked to greater risk of preterm birth, large-for-gestational-age babies, foetal defects, congenital anomalies and perinatal death. Furthermore, breastfeeding initiation rates are lower and there is greater risk of early breastfeeding cessation in women with obesity compared with healthy weight women. These adverse outcomes may result in longer duration of hospital stay, with concomitant resource implications. It is crucial to reduce the burden of adverse maternal and foetal/child outcomes caused by maternal obesity. Women with obesity need support to lose weight before they conceive, and to minimize their weight gain in pregnancy. PMID:26016557

    4. Hospital Hints

      MedlinePLUS

      ... little cash (not more than $10) and a credit card that a family member or friend can keep ... wedding rings, earrings, and watches), extra cash, additional credit cards, and your checkbook at home. Don’t bring ...

    5. Baby-Bonding/Parental Leave Guide for Employees Baby-Bonding/Parental Leave is protected and regulated by the California Department of Fair

      E-print Network

      Leistikow, Bruce N.

      Baby-Bonding/Parental Leave Guide for Employees Baby-Bonding/Parental Leave is protected of the California Family Rights Act (CFRA). LEAVE PURPOSE · To allow an employee to bond with his/her newborn baby or foster care ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS In order to be eligible for Baby-Bonding/Parental Leave, you must

    6. Type II Transformation -Regeneration 3 Media -1 Liter *If using baby jars, read main protocol for special notes. Remember to autoclave and cool baby

      E-print Network

      Raizada, Manish N.

      Type II Transformation - Regeneration 3 Media - 1 Liter *If using baby jars, read main protocol for special notes. Remember to autoclave and cool baby jars in advance. Store sterile jars in sterile hood. 1L=30 plates or 25 sterilized baby jars. For baby jars, see main protocol for special notes

    7. I Just Had a Baby, at Age 68 Well, o.k., she was not a terribly impressive baby, less than 6 inches long, delivered by

      E-print Network

      Hansen, James E.

      I Just Had a Baby, at Age 68 Well, o.k., she was not a terribly impressive baby, less than 6 inches only local anesthesia ­ maybe because I knew the baby would be ugly ­ but I asked about her as soon!), it snapped. Hence the need for a (minor) operation to remove the ugly baby, which my body had decided

    8. 4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE ``BABY CASE'' 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the ``Baby Case''

      E-print Network

      Gallier, Jean

      4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE ``BABY CASE'' 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the ``Baby, THE ``BABY CASE'' 143 This characterization rests on two theorems. First, a Lie subgroup H of a Lie group G ALGEBRAS, THE ``BABY CASE'' 145 One can easily check that multiplication and the inverse operation

    9. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Nutrition Yes No Has your baby started drinking from a cup? ( ) ( ) Does she/he eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, cereals? ( ) ( ) Does she/he eat any finger foods? ( ) ( ) Is your baby stooling comfortably

    10. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Perinatal Issues (if this is 1st visit) Yes No Was your baby born on time? ( ) ( ) Number of weeks pregnant, diabetes, abnormal ultrasound, emergency delivery)? ( ) ( ) Was your baby head-down at the time of delivery

    11. Compare Hospitals

      MedlinePLUS

      ... visit Hospital Safety Score Home Employers & Purchasers Policy Leadership Hospitals Patients Licenses & Permissions About Leapfrog Search 2015 ... fare, resources used in caring for patients, and leadership and structures that promote patient safety. The Leapfrog ...

    12. Bringing Baby Home: How to Prepare for the Arrival of Your Newborn

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Español Text Size Email Print Share Bringing Baby Home: How to Prepare for the Arrival of Your ... plan for monitoring your baby’s jaundice. Healthy at Home Most healthy newborns go home after two or ...

    13. 7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319... Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta ) may be imported...

    14. 76 FR 65216 - Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding Application for...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-10-20

      ...Training Administration [TA-W-80,350] Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, MI; Notice of...TAA) applicable to workers and former workers Baby Bliss, Inc., Middleville, Michigan (Baby Bliss). The determination was issued on...

    15. 7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319... Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta ) may be imported...

    16. 7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319... Fruits and Vegetables § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta ) may be imported...

    17. 77 FR 37000 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-06-20

      ...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker- jumpers. The collection...safety requirements for products called ``baby-bouncers'' and...

    18. 76 FR 65933 - Importation of Fresh Baby Kiwi From Chile Under a Systems Approach

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-10-25

      ...follows: Sec. 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...sprinkled with a liquid soap and water solution, washed with water at...certificate. Each consignment of fresh baby kiwi must be...

    19. Understanding hospitality.

      PubMed

      Patten, C S

      1994-03-01

      Bridging patient/"customer" issues and business aspects can be aided through developing a specific nursing basis for hospitality. The ancient practice of hospitality has evolved into three distinct levels: public, personal and therapeutic. Understanding these levels is helpful in integrating various dimensions of guest relations programs in hospitals into a more comprehensive vision. Hospitality issues must become a greater part of today's nursing management. PMID:8134046

    20. Manual Activity and Onset of First Words in Babies Exposed and Not Exposed to Baby Signing

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Seal, Brenda C.; DePaolis, Rory A.

      2014-01-01

      Support for baby signing (BS) with hearing infants tends to converge toward three camps or positions. Those who advocate BS to advance infant language, literacy, behavioral, and cognitive development rely heavily on anecdotal evidence and social media to support their claims. Those who advocate BS as an introduction to another language, such as…

    1. Collodion Baby with TGM1 gene mutation

      PubMed Central

      Sharma, Deepak; Gupta, Basudev; Shastri, Sweta; Pandita, Aakash; Pawar, Smita

      2015-01-01

      Collodion baby (CB) is normally diagnosed at the time of birth and refers to a newborn infant that is delivered with a lambskin-like membrane encompassing the total body surface. CB is not a specific disease entity, but is a common phenotype in conditions like harlequin ichthyosis, lamellar ichthyosis, nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, and trichothiodystrophy. We report a CB that was brought to our department and later diagnosed to have TGM1 gene c.984+1G>A mutation. However, it could not be ascertained whether the infant had lamellar ichthyosis or congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (both having the same mutation). The infant was lost to follow-up. PMID:26451124

    2. Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.

      2014-05-01

      In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

    3. Baby Skyrmions on the Two-Sphere

      E-print Network

      Itay Hen; Marek Karliner

      2007-12-04

      We find the static multi-soliton solutions of the baby Skyrme model on the two-sphere for topological charges 1 =< B =< 14. Numerical full-field results show that the charge-one Skyrmion is spherical, the charge-two Skyrmion is toroidal, and Skyrmions with higher charge all have point symmetries which are subgroups of O(3). We find that a rational map ansatz yields very good approximations to the full-field solutions. We point out a strong connection between the discrete symmetries of our solutions and those of corresponding solutions of the 3D Skyrme model.

    4. Collodion Baby with TGM1 gene mutation.

      PubMed

      Sharma, Deepak; Gupta, Basudev; Shastri, Sweta; Pandita, Aakash; Pawar, Smita

      2015-01-01

      Collodion baby (CB) is normally diagnosed at the time of birth and refers to a newborn infant that is delivered with a lambskin-like membrane encompassing the total body surface. CB is not a specific disease entity, but is a common phenotype in conditions like harlequin ichthyosis, lamellar ichthyosis, nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, and trichothiodystrophy. We report a CB that was brought to our department and later diagnosed to have TGM1 gene c.984+1G>A mutation. However, it could not be ascertained whether the infant had lamellar ichthyosis or congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (both having the same mutation). The infant was lost to follow-up. PMID:26451124

    5. 76 FR 37055 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-06-24

      ...Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby Squash and Baby Courgettes From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health...collection associated with regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia. DATES:...

    6. 76 FR 81467 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-28

      ...Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby Corn and Baby Carrots From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health...collection associated with regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. DATES: We will...

    7. Nonverbal Communication in "Friends"

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Chang, Yanrong

      2006-01-01

      This activity uses video clips from a popular sitcom, "Friends," to help students grasp the relational, rule-governed, and culture-specific nature of nonverbal communication. It opens students' eyes to nonverbal behaviors that are happening on a daily basis so that they not only master the knowledge but are able to apply it. While other popular…

    8. Learning to Be Friends.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Exceptional Parent, 1987

      1987-01-01

      An interview with Dr. Sol Gordon, a widely recognized authority on sex education, offers suggestions to parents on helping their handicapped children develop peer relationships, including helping children make friends, discussing sexuality with their children, and leading a satisfactory personal and family life. (Author/CB)

    9. Recommend to a Friend?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cunningham, Jennifer Lynham

      2012-01-01

      New York's Cornell University spends millions of dollars and thousands of staff and volunteer hours to produce more than 1,400 events around the world each year. That's one event every six hours. Is it worth it? Do the 40,000 alumni, parents, and friends who attend feel closer to Cornell after these events? Do they disengage because Cornell didn't…

    10. Diabetes-Friendly Recipes

      MedlinePLUS

      ... tasty diabetes-friendly recipes. Snacks and Appetizers Honey-Ginger Fruit Dip Fresh ginger adds the "wow" factor to this dip. It ... advance. Fruit Salad with Cranberry Poppy Seed Dressing Ginger-tinged cranberry dressing complements the summertime fruits in ...

    11. A Friend for Kenny

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Carlson, Beth

      2004-01-01

      When I first met Kenny, he was a bright, enthusiastic second grader with a charming smile, quick wit, and artistic bent. Over the course of the next two years, however, nearly everything changed. Homework wasn't turned in. Grades declined. Kenny became argumentative with adults and isolated from classmates he once considered friends. Even his…

    12. EVALUATION OF ALL BABIES CRY, A SECOND GENERATION UNIVERSAL ABUSIVE HEAD TRAUMA PREVENTION PROGRAM

      PubMed Central

      Morrill, Allison C.; McElaney, Lisa; Peixotto, Betsy; VanVleet, Marcia; Sege, Robert

      2015-01-01

      Child maltreatment results in significant individual, family, and societal costs. This study assessed the efficacy of All Babies Cry (ABC), a media-based infant maltreatment prevention program, using a mixed-method, quasi-experimental staged evaluation design. ABC’s messaging, designed and tested through a series of focus groups, provides strategies for reducing parental stress and soothing infants. Participants (n = 423) were first-time parents, 70% fathers, recruited at two hospitals. The first 211 were controls; the next 212 received ABC. Participants were interviewed 3 times: at baseline in hospital, and by telephone 5 weeks (n = 359; 85%) and 17 weeks (n = 326; 77%) later. Researchers measured parents’ perceptions, intentions, and use of strategies to calm crying and manage caregiver stress. Outcomes were based on the Strengthening Families Model and the Theory of Planned Behavior. The intervention was well received, appears effective in improving mediators of behavior, and may change parental behavior. PMID:26456987

    13. A Convergence Result for the Baby Feeding Problem Kris Hauser

      E-print Network

      Hauser, Kris

      at feeding time, with a dab of pur´eed carrots on her chin. The baby proceeds to squirm. At each squirm squirms are needed such that carrots cover a 1- fraction of her body? In this paper we model the baby scale µ appropriately such that µ(B) = 1. At t = 0, a subset C of B is covered in carrot pur

    14. Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

      2011-01-01

      Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

    15. Baby Care Basics: What Every Infant Caregiver Needs To Know.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Texas Child Care, 2002

      2002-01-01

      Presents information on caring for infants in a child care setting. Suggestions include responding quickly to crying, setting the schedule to baby's pace, talking to the baby, using proper hand-washing procedures, checking the room daily for safety, going outdoors every day, and building partnerships with parents. Includes a sample form for…

    16. Baby Boom Equals Career Bust. Monographs on Career Education.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Moore, Charles Guy

      Presenting the Baby Boom (1946-1965) as both a potential social problem and opportunity for American leadership, this monograph discusses the following aspects of this population concern: (1) its immediate and long-term impact on career opportunities for those college graduates who make up the baby boom generation; (2) its impact on those whose…

    17. Baby Modula3 and a theory of objects

      E-print Network

      Abadi, Martín

      95 Baby Modula­3 and a theory of objects Mart'in Abadi February 2, 1993; revised December 2, 1992 d. This experience is useful in the short term in refining our designs, and invaluable in the long term in advancing semantics of types 31 5 Related work 33 Acknowledgments 34 References 35 References 35 #12; 1 Baby Modula­3

    18. Modeling the Throughput of TCP Vegas Charalampos (Babis) Samios

      E-print Network

      Vernon, Mary K.

      Modeling the Throughput of TCP Vegas Charalampos (Babis) Samios Department of Computer Sciences University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin 53706 babis@cs.wisc.edu Mary K. Vernon Department of Computer-Communication Networks]: Network Proto- cols General Terms Performance, Experimentation, Design Keywords TCP, TCP Vegas

    19. Baby Boom Caregivers: Care in the Age of Individualization

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Guberman, Nancy; Lavoie, Jean-Pierre; Blein, Laure; Olazabal, Ignace

      2012-01-01

      Purpose: Many Baby Boomers are faced with the care of aging parents, as well as that of disabled or ill spouses or children. This study examines how Baby Boomers in Quebec, Canada, perceive and play their role as caregivers and how this might differ from their parents' generation. Design and methods: This was a qualitative and empirical study…

    20. Teenagers and Their Babies: A Perinatal Home Visitor's Guide

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

      2008-01-01

      "Teenagers and Their Babies" is a self-study and preparation guide for paraprofessional home-based visitors to engage expectant and new parents in an exploration of their baby's development and their expectations for parenthood. The guide includes service interventions--strategies, techniques, and activities--for home visitors and doulas to use…

    1. CDC Vital Signs: Hepatitis C: Testing Baby Boomers Saves Lives

      MedlinePLUS

      ... tested for hepatitis C. Doctors, nurses and other health care providers can: Test all baby boomers and people with other risks ... hepatitis C and all doctors, nurses, and other health care providers should test all their patients who are baby boomers for ...

    2. Fussy Babies, Worried Families, and a New Service Network

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gilkerson, Linda; Gray, Larry; Mork, Nancy

      2005-01-01

      The authors document the conceptualization, over time, of "fussy baby syndrome" and the establishment of a Fussy Baby Clinic. Excessive infant crying (commonly called colic) typically subsides in the first 3 months but may set up a cycle of parent-infant distress. Families studied felt a high degree of emotional stress and physical exhaustion;…

    3. Infants & Toddlers "What's Going On? How to Hold Squriming Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Honig, Alice Sterling

      2005-01-01

      Using Simple strategies, caregivers can learn to effectively communicate with infants through touch. This article offers suggestions and techniques for calming squirming babies of all types and ages who seem to be unable to find a comfortable position while being held. She begins by suggesting that care givers of very small babies be patient and…

    4. The Effects of Baby Sign Training on Child Development

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mueller, Vannesa; Sepulveda, Amanda; Rodriguez, Sarai

      2014-01-01

      Although Baby Sign is gaining in popularity, there is a scarcity of research supporting its use. The research that has been conducted is conflicting. In the current study, nine families with children ranging in age from six months to two years and five months participated in a baby sign workshop. A pre--post-test design was used to assess the…

    5. Baby Boomers and Community College: A Study of Motivations

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cunningham, DiAnne H.

      2009-01-01

      Scope and method of study. This descriptive case study was designed to describe the critical issues surrounding Baby Boomers and their motivations to attend community college, in addition to their perceptions of learning and curriculum needs. Additionally the study explored what these Baby Boomers plan to do after completing their courses and…

    6. The Development of Embodied Cognition: Six Lessons from Babies

      E-print Network

      Gasser, Michael

      as a baby grounded in a physical, social and linguistic world is crucial to the development of the flexible in a physical, social and linguistic world is crucial to the development of the flexible and inventive by perceiving and acting in the world. 2. Babies develop incrementally, and they are not smart at the start. We

    7. Massage Changes Babies' Body, Brain and Behavior

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Ishikawa, Chihiro; Shiga, Takashi

      Tactile stimulation is an important factor in mother-infant interactions. Many studies on both human and animals have shown that tactile stimulation during the neonatal period has various beneficial effects in the subsequent growth of the body and brain. In particular, massage is often applied to preterm human babies as “touch care”, because tactile stimulation together with kinesthetic stimulation increases body weight, which is accompanied by behavioral development and the changes of endocrine and neural conditions. Among them, the elevation of insulin-like growth factor-1, catecholamine, and vagus nerve activity may underlie the body weight gain. Apart from the body weight gain, tactile stimulation has various effects on the nervous system and endocrine system. For example, it has been reported that tactile stimulation on human and animal babies activates parasympathetic nervous systems, while suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalcortical (HPA) axis, which may be related to the reduction of emotionality, anxiety-like behavior, and pain sensitivity. In addition, animal experiments have shown that tactile stimulation improves learning and memory. Facilitation of the neuronal activity and the morphological changes including the hippocampal synapse may underlie the improvement of the learning and memory. In conclusion, it has been strongly suggested that tactile stimulation in early life has beneficial effects on body, brain structure and function, which are maintained throughout life.

    8. Baby Galaxies in the Adult Universe

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2004-01-01

      [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Figure 1

      This artist's conception illustrates the decline in our universe's 'birth-rate' over time. When the universe was young, massive galaxies were forming regularly, like baby bees in a bustling hive. In time, the universe bore fewer and fewer 'offspring,' and newborn galaxies (white circles) matured into older ones more like our own Milky Way (spirals).

      Previously, astronomers thought that the universe had ceased to give rise to massive, young galaxies, but findings from NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer suggest that may not be the case. Surveying thousands of nearby galaxies with its highly sensitive ultraviolet eyes, the telescope spotted three dozen that greatly resemble youthful galaxies from billions of years ago. In this illustration, those galaxies are represented as white circles on the right, or 'today' side of the timeline.

      The discovery not only suggests that our universe may still be alive with youth, but also offers astronomers their first close-up look at what appear to be baby galaxies. Prior to the new result, astronomers had to peer about 11 billion light-years into the distant universe to see newborn galaxies. The newfound galaxies are only about 2 to 4 billion light-years away.

    9. Japan's baby bust: an economic issue?

      PubMed

      1998-09-01

      This brief article articulates that the solution to the declining birthrate in Japan is to change the corporate culture and societal values and begin putting the family first. At the present rate of fertility decline, Japan could well have just over 67 million total population in another 100 years, which is 50% of the present total. In 1990, the Finance Minister tried to convince Japanese couples to have more babies by abandoning policies that led women to higher education. The implication is that women would then want to stay at home and have babies. The prosperity of the late 1980s and early 1990s did not encourage higher fertility. The likely reason for low fertility is the male-dominated, corporate culture where male workers leave home early in the morning and work till late at night. Wives are left to care for children and maintain a full-time job. The total fertility rate (TFR) was 3.65 in 1950 and 1.39 in 1998. Both Germany and Italy have lower fertility but higher rates of immigration. The decline in the TFR is responsible for many of the current economic policies. New taxes were introduced in 1997 to pay for social security of the aged, and then the economy stalled. Life expectancies continue to rise. The elderly are a larger proportion of total population than children aged under 15 years. Women marry late, and the divorce rate is high. PMID:12348885

    10. Safety evaluation of superabsorbent baby diapers.

      PubMed

      Kosemund, Kirstin; Schlatter, Harald; Ochsenhirt, Jennifer L; Krause, Edburga L; Marsman, Daniel S; Erasala, Geetha N

      2009-03-01

      Superabsorbent disposable baby diapers are sophisticated, well-engineered products that provide many benefits including convenience, comfort, exceptional leakage protection, improved hygiene and skin care benefits compared with cloth diapers. Safety assurance is an integral part of the diaper development process at Procter & Gamble, with the goal of ensuring safety for both caregivers and babies. A systematic, stepwise approach to safety assessment starts with a thorough evaluation of new design features and materials, using the principles of general risk assessment including, as appropriate, controlled trials to assess clinical endpoints or independent scientific review of safety data. The majority of the diaper materials are polymers that are safe and do not have inherent toxicity issues. Trace amounts of non-polymeric materials, such as colorants, are assessed based on their skin contact potential. New materials or design features are introduced in marketed products only if they have been shown to be safe under the conditions of recommended or foreseeable use. The product safety continues to be confirmed after launch by means of in-market monitoring. This article provides a broad overview of human safety exposure-based risk assessment used at Procter & Gamble for absorbent hygiene products. PMID:18992296

    11. 76 FR 81467 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-12-28

      ... Collection; Importation of Baby Corn and Baby Carrots From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection... with regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia. DATES: We will consider...: For information on regulations for the importation of baby corn and baby carrots from Zambia,...

    12. Implementing the ten steps to successful breastfeeding in multiple hospitals serving low-wealth patients in the US: innovative research design and baseline findings

      PubMed Central

      2013-01-01

      Background The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are maternity practices proven to support successful achievement of exclusive breastfeeding. They also are the basis for the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI). This study explores implementation of these steps in hospitals that serve predominantly low wealth populations. Methods A quasi-experimental design with mixed methods for data collection and analysis was included within an intervention project. We compared the impact of a modified Ten Steps implementation approach to a control group. The intervention was carried out in hospitals where: 1) BFHI designation was not necessarily under consideration, and 2) the majority of the patient population was low wealth, i.e., eligible for Medicaid. Hospitals in the research aspect of this project were systematically assigned to one of two groups: Initial Intervention or Initial Control/Later Intervention. This paper includes analyses from the baseline data collection, which consisted of an eSurvey (i.e., Carolina B-KAP), Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care survey tool (mPINC), the BFHI Self-Appraisal, key informant interviews, breastfeeding data, and formatted feedback discussion. Results Comparability was ensured by statistical and non-parametric tests of baseline characteristics of the two groups. Additional findings of interest included: 1) a universal lack of consistent breastfeeding records and statistics for regular monitoring/review, 2) widespread misinterpretation of associated terminology, 3) health care providers’ reported practices not necessarily reflective of their knowledge and attitudes, and 4) specific steps were found to be associated with hospital breastfeeding rates. A comprehensive set of facilitators and obstacles to initiation of the Ten Steps emerged, and hospital-specific practice change challenges were identified. Discussion This is one of the first studies to examine introduction of the Ten Steps in multiple hospitals with a control group and in hospitals that were not necessarily interested in BFHI designation, where the population served is predominantly low wealth, and with the use of a mixed methods approach. Limitations including numbers of hospitals and inability to adhere to all elements of the design are discussed. Conclusions For improvements in quality of care for breastfeeding dyads, innovative and site-specific intervention modification must be considered. PMID:23688264

    13. Environmentally friendly polysilane photoresists

      SciTech Connect

      Beach, J.V.; Loy, D.A.; Hsiao, Yu-Ling; Waymouth, R.M.

      1995-12-31

      Several novel polysilanes synthesized by the free-radical hydrosilation of oligomeric polyphenylsilane or poly(p-tert- butylphenylsilane) were examined for lithographic behavior. This recently developed route into substituted polysilanes has allowed for the rational design of a variety of polysilanes with a typical chemical properties such as alcohol and aqueous base solubility. Many of the polysilane resists made could be developed in aqueous sodium carbonate and bicarbonate solutions. These materials represent environmentally friendly polysilane resists in both their synthesis and processing.

    14. Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I.-Sheng

      2008-05-01

      After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

    15. Baby Skyrmions in AdS

      E-print Network

      Matthew Elliot-Ripley; Thomas Winyard

      2015-07-21

      We study the baby Skyrme model in a pure AdS background without a mass term. The tail decays and scalings of massless radial solutions are demonstrated to take a similar form to those of the massive flat space model, with the AdS curvature playing a similar role to the flat space pion mass. We also numerically find minimal energy solutions for a range of higher topological charges and find that they form concentric ring-like solutions. Popcorn transitions (named in analogy with studies of toy models of holographic QCD) from an n layer to an n+1-layer configuration are observed at topological charges 9 and 27 and further popcorn transitions for higher charges are predicted. Finally, a point-particle approximation for the model is derived and used to successfully predict the ring structures and popcorn transitions for higher charge solitons.

    16. Baby Skyrmions in AdS

      E-print Network

      Elliot-Ripley, Matthew

      2015-01-01

      We study the baby Skyrme model in a pure AdS background without a mass term. The tail decays and scalings of massless radial solutions are demonstrated to take a similar form to those of the massive flat space model, with the AdS curvature playing a similar role to the flat space pion mass. We also numerically find minimal energy solutions for a range of higher topological charges and find that they form concentric ring-like solutions. Popcorn transitions (named in analogy with studies of toy models of holographic QCD) from an n layer to an n+1-layer configuration are observed at topological charges 9 and 27 and further popcorn transitions for higher charges are predicted. Finally, a point-particle approximation for the model is derived and used to successfully predict the ring structures and popcorn transitions for higher charge solitons.

    17. Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure

      SciTech Connect

      Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng

      2007-12-20

      After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

    18. A Multi-Functional Mobile Information System for Hospital Assistance Dario Cavada

      E-print Network

      Ricci, Francesco

      Information Technology and Services Professional dario.cavada.lab@gmail.com Manfred Mitterer Hospital FranzA Multi-Functional Mobile Information System for Hospital Assistance Dario Cavada Independent of Bozen-Bolzano floriano.zini@unibz.it Abstract Ospedale Amico (Friendly Hospital) is a mobile

    19. Postpartum care -- what's best for mother and baby.

      PubMed

      1997-01-01

      This special feature focuses on the care of mothers and infants during the postpartum period. Postpartum care should include prevention, early detection and treatment of complications and disease, and provision of advice. Most maternal mortality is due to postpartum hemorrhage within 4 hours of delivery, especially among anemic women. The uterus should be well contracted, and blood loss should be minimal. Sepsis, as indicated by fever, should be treated with antibiotics, but preventive measures include cleanliness and hygiene at delivery. Infections are more likely after cesarean section, prolonged labor, and early rupture of membranes. Handwashing prevents infection. Women should be encouraged to pass urine in the first 12 hours after delivery. Bathing frequently relieves painful episiotomy. 85% of neonatal deaths are due to preterm birth and low birth weight. Keeping the baby warm helps prevent low body temperature and infections. Parents need social support in adjusting to congenital defects. Infants with infections should be recognized on time, managed correctly, and referred to a district hospital. Breast feeding should start immediately or within the first hour of birth. Mothers need adequate rest and a nutritious diet. Breast tenderness is common during the first 4 days after delivery. Breast feeding on demand and proper hygiene helps to prevent infections and breast tenderness. Postpartum depression requires support from families and expert advice. Exclusive breast feeding inhibits ovulation until menstruation returns. Family planning may begin during lactation with a progestin-only pill, IUD, or diaphragm. HIV-positive mothers should discontinue breast feeding and take extreme care to mix formula with clean water. Mothers should be immunized with two doses of tetanus toxoid. Pregnant mothers need iodized oil and vitamin A supplements. Reproductive tract infections should be treated. PMID:12321360

    20. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. Each full-size baby...

    1. Babies Touch, Taste, and Learn: A Guide for Parents. 

      E-print Network

      Anonymous,

      1979-01-01

      ."~ ) B - 1269 -~abies Touch, .. Taste, and Learn 0') A Gu ide for Parents TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas A baby learns from touching you Hold him close to your... body. Stroke his cheek Rub his body when you : bathe him. ~dby needs things he can grasp Things he can hold Things he can drop Babies learn by tasting Give babies toys that are safe They will put them in their mouths Keep things away...

    2. Caveats for doctors providing care for themselves, family, friends, and colleagues.

      PubMed

      Kepper, Paul; Baum, Neil

      2014-01-01

      Physicians are almost always asked by a family member, friend, other healthcare provider, or an employee to provide him or her with medical care. Often this request for medical care is made over the phone, at a social gathering, or in the hallway of hospital. This article will discuss the ethics involved with providing medical care to family, friends, and colleagues and suggest guidelines for caring for these special people/patients. PMID:24873131

    3. [Leisure activities for the elderly during hospitalization].

      PubMed

      Jannuzzi, Fernanda Freire; Cintra, Fernanda Aparecida

      2006-06-01

      This study intended to: 1. Identify the leisure activities available in the hospital and those in which the elderly participate; 2. Relate elderly hospitalization with their participation in leisure activities; 3. Assess the factors that motivate and inhibit elderly participation in leisure activities. This is a descriptive/exploratory study carried out with one hundred hospitalized elderly patients. Available leisure activities were television and magazines. Most participants (99%) said they participate in leisure activities such as family/ friends conversations and visits. Involvement in leisure activities decreases with associated diseases and increases with hospitalization time. Leisure was motivated by the elderly's personal characteristics, the reduction of the hospitalization's negative effects, and the benefits it brings to the health. Its limitation was associated to intrinsic aspects of the elderly and to the institutional context. PMID:16892675

    4. Mother and baby yoga is good for you.

      PubMed

      MacDonald, Cheryl

      2013-05-01

      Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve and stabilise their emotional health and to bond. Additionally the mother is able to focus on her relationship with her baby, rebuild the weakened pelvic floor, strengthen the abdominal muscles and even alleviate back and neck pain. For babies, yoga can aid digestion and alleviate colic; help to strengthen tiny limbs; improve sleep patterns; and enhance their ability to interact with their mother and other people. PMID:23789249

    5. Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Supplements Videos & Tools You Are Here: Home ? Multiple Languages ? All Health Topics ? Baby Health Checkup URL of this page: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/languages/babyhealthcheckup.html Other topics A-Z A B ...

    6. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) in Infants and Babies

      MedlinePLUS

      ... being passed from mother to baby at the time of delivery. The highest risk of passing herpes to a ... are present in the genital area at the time of delivery. Neonatal herpes (within the first month of life) ...

    7. Pregnancy Problems? Boost the Chance of Having a Baby

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Chance of Having a Baby For those who dream of being parents, pregnancy problems can be tremendously ... doesn’t work, doctors may recommend medication, surgery, artificial insemination (in which a woman is injected with ...

    8. CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON

      E-print Network

      Spirtes, Peter

      CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON WORDS, THOUGHTS AND THEORIES ABSTRACT are found wanting. Well designed machines would optimize; we are machines that can only satisfice, on a good

    9. When your baby or infant has a fever

      MedlinePLUS

      ... fever a baby or infant has is often scary for parents. Most fevers are harmless and are ... seizures occur in some children and can be scary to parents. However, most febrile seizures are over ...

    10. EVALUATION OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR DETERMINING PESTICIDES IN BABY FOOD

      EPA Science Inventory

      Three extraction methods and two detection techniques for determining pesticides in baby food were evaluated. The extraction techniques examined were supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), enhanced solvent extraction (ESE), and solid phase extraction (SPE). The detection techni...

    11. Observing 4D Baby Universes in Quantum Gravity

      E-print Network

      J. Ambjorn; S. Jain; J. Jurkiewicz; C. F. Kristjansen

      1993-03-08

      We measure the fractal structure of four dimensional simplicial quantum gravity by identifying so-called baby universes. This allows an easy determination of the critical exponent $\\g$ connected to the entropy of four-dimensional manifolds.

    12. Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion

      MedlinePLUS

      ... PREGNANCY Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion • What are my options if I find out ... is financial help available? • If I am considering abortion, what should I know about my state’s laws? • ...

    13. Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good Idea?

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Visit KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Summer Safety Smarts Sunscreen: How to Choose ... Concussions: What to Know Pregnant? What to Expect Are Ultrasound "Snapshots" of Your Unborn Baby a Good ...

    14. Arsenic Exposure in Womb Linked to Respiratory Risks in Babies

      MedlinePLUS

      ... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_155867.html Arsenic Exposure in Womb Linked to Respiratory Risks in ... HealthDay News) -- Babies exposed to high levels of arsenic in the womb are at increased risk for ...

    15. Getting into Shape After Your Baby is Born

      MedlinePLUS

      ... exercise after I have a baby? • What is aerobic activity? • What is moderate-intensity activity? • What is ... get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity every week. What is aerobic activity? An ...

    16. Friendly social robot that understands human's friendly relationships

      E-print Network

      Kanda, Takayuki

      Friendly social robot that understands human's friendly relationships Takayuki Kanda 1 , Rumi Sato 1&2 , Naoki Saiwaki 1&2 , and Hiroshi Ishiguro 1&3 1 ATR Intelligent Robotics and Communication Labs@atr.jp Abstract-- This paper reports our novel approach to developing a social robot. The developed robot is able

    17. Extended Supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; J. M. Queiruga; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2013-04-02

      We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d=2+1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N=1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N=1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N=2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N=2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N=2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

    18. Extended supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Queiruga, J. M.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2013-05-01

      We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d = 2 + 1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N = 1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N = 1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N = 2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N = 2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N = 2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

    19. Extended Supersymmetry and BPS solutions in baby Skyrme models

      E-print Network

      Adam, C; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

      2013-01-01

      We continue the investigation of supersymmetric extensions of baby Skyrme models in d=2+1 dimensions. In a first step, we show that the CP(1) form of the baby Skyrme model allows for the same N=1 SUSY extension as its O(3) formulation. Then we construct the N=1 SUSY extension of the gauged baby Skyrme model, i.e., the baby Skyrme model coupled to Maxwell electrodynamics. In a next step, we investigate the issue of N=2 SUSY extensions of baby Skyrme models. We find that all gauged and ungauged submodels of the baby Skyrme model which support BPS soliton solutions allow for an N=2 extension such that the BPS solutions are one-half BPS states (i.e., annihilated by one-half of the SUSY charges). In the course of our investigation, we also derive the general BPS equations for completely general N=2 supersymmetric field theories of (both gauged and ungauged) chiral superfields, and apply them to the gauged nonlinear sigma model as a further, concrete example.

    20. 4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE "BABY CASE" 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the "Baby Case"

      E-print Network

      Gallier, Jean

      4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE "BABY CASE" 141 4.7 Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, the "Baby, THE "BABY CASE" 143 This characterization rests on two theorems. First, a Lie subgroup H of a Lie group G the subspace topology (in fact, a dense open subset of Rn2 ). #12;4.7. LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS, THE "BABY

    1. Vet Hospital 

      E-print Network

      Unknown

      2011-08-17

      there appears to be a substantial difference in terms of EHRs implementation and adoption among hospitals with different organizational characteristics and by end-users in different job categories, little has been studied about the relationship between EHR...

    2. Healthy Birth Practice #6: Keep Mother and Baby Together— It’s Best for Mother, Baby, and Breastfeeding

      PubMed Central

      Crenshaw, Jeannette T.

      2014-01-01

      Mothers and babies have a physiologic need to be together at the moment of birth and during the hours and days that follow. Keeping mothers and babies together is a safe and healthy birth practice. Evidence supports immediate, uninterrupted skin-to-skin care after vaginal birth and during and after cesarean surgery for all stable mothers and babies, regardless of feeding preference. Unlimited opportunities for skin-to-skin care and breastfeeding promote optimal maternal and child outcomes. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the “Lamaze International Care Practices That Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #6: No Separation of Mother and Baby, With Unlimited Opportunities for Breastfeeding,” published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411542

    3. Understanding Friendship between Critical Friends

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gibbs, Paul; Angelides, Panayiotis

      2008-01-01

      This conceptual article discusses the issue of friendship implied by the term "critical friends". Our argument relates to the generalized use of the term "friendship" and the assumptions that it may carry compared with the actuality of the roles played by critical friends. We attempt to build a more precise definition of friendship which we…

    4. Hospital philanthropy.

      PubMed

      Smith, Dean G; Clement, Jan P

      2013-01-01

      It remains an open question whether hospital spending on fundraising efforts to garner philanthropy is a good use of funds. Research and industry reports provide conflicting results. We describe the accounting and data challenges in analysis of hospital philanthropy, which include measurement of donations, measurement of fundraising expenses, and finding the relationships among organizations where these cash flows occur. With these challenges, finding conflicting results is not a surprise. PMID:23614267

    5. Where are the Sunday babies? II. Declining weekend birth rates in Switzerland

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Lerchl, Alexander; Reinhard, Sarah C.

      2008-02-01

      Birth dates from almost 3 million babies born between 1969 and 2005 in Switzerland were analyzed for the weekday of birth. As in other countries but with unprecedented amplitude, a very marked non-random distribution was discovered with decreasing numbers of births on weekends, reaching -17.9% in 2005. While most of this weekend births avoidance rate is due to fewer births on Sundays (up to -21.7%), the downward trend is primarily a consequence of decreasing births on Saturdays (up to -14.5%). For 2005, these percentages mean that 3,728 fewer babies are born during weekends than could be expected from equal distribution. Most interestingly and surprisingly, weekend birth-avoiding rates are significantly correlated with birth numbers ( r = 0.86), i.e. the lower the birth number per year, the lower the number of weekend births. The increasing avoidance of births during weekends is discussed as being a consequence of increasing numbers of caesarean sections and elective labor induction, which in Switzerland reach 29.2 and 20.5%, respectively, in 2004. This hypothesis is supported by the observation that both primary and secondary caesarean sections are significantly correlated with weekend birth avoidance rates. It is therefore likely that financial aspects of hospitals are a factor determining the avoidance of weekend births by increasing the numbers of caesarean sections.

    6. The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies

      E-print Network

      Howle, Victoria E.

      its own weight in water (his famous "Eureka" moment). When the babies sit in a floating boat babies in a boat and notices that the boat now displaces 2.7 liters of water beyond the boat's unladen Babies.nb #12;R C Solutions Problem 1 Long ago Archimedes discovered that a floating object will displace

    7. Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow

      E-print Network

      Borenstein, Elhanan

      Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Perinatal Issues Yes No Was your baby born on time? ( ) ( ) Number of weeks pregnant on day of birth? ( ) ( ) Birth weight? Was it a vaginal delivery? ( ) ( ) Passed hearing screen? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor

    8. Baby Lauren and the Kool-Aid First the good news. Jake, our son's first child and our third grandchild, has a baby sister. Jake

      E-print Network

      Hansen, James E.

      1 Baby Lauren and the Kool-Aid First the good news. Jake, our son's first child and our third grandchild, has a baby sister. Jake is excited about this, as you can see in Fig. 1. Jake is always long extrapolations), who thinks he can protect his baby sister (Fig. 2).1 What Jake doesn't know

    9. Cross correlations of the American baby names

      E-print Network

      Barucca, Paolo; Marinari, Enzo; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, Federico

      2014-01-01

      The quantitative description of cultural evolution is a challenging task. The most difficult part of the problem is probably to find the appropriate measurable quantities that can make more quantitative such evasive concepts as, for example, dynamics of cultural movements, behavior patterns and traditions of the people. A strategy to tackle this issue is to observe particular features of human activities, i.e. cultural traits, such as names given to newborns. We study the names of babies born in the United States of America from 1910 to 2012. Our analysis shows that groups of different correlated states naturally emerge in different epochs, and we are able to follow and decrypt their evolution. While these groups of states are stable across many decades, a sudden reorganization occurs in the last part of the twentieth century. We think that this kind of quantitative analysis can be possibly extended to other cultural traits: although databases covering more than one century (as the one we used) are rare, the ...

    10. Color View 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      2008-01-01

      NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 14 (June 8, 2008), the 14th Martian day after landing. It shows two trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm.

      Soil from the right trench, informally called 'Baby Bear,' was delivered to Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA, on Sol 12 (June 6). The following several sols included repeated attempts to shake the screen over TEGA's oven number 4 to get fine soil particles through the screen and into the oven for analysis.

      The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test.

      Each of the trenches is about 9 centimeters (3 inches) wide. This view is presented in approximately true color by combining separate exposures taken through different filters of the Surface Stereo Imager.

      The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

    11. Cross-correlations of American baby names.

      PubMed

      Barucca, Paolo; Rocchi, Jacopo; Marinari, Enzo; Parisi, Giorgio; Ricci-Tersenghi, Federico

      2015-06-30

      The quantitative description of cultural evolution is a challenging task. The most difficult part of the problem is probably to find the appropriate measurable quantities that can make more quantitative such evasive concepts as, for example, dynamics of cultural movements, behavioral patterns, and traditions of the people. A strategy to tackle this issue is to observe particular features of human activities, i.e., cultural traits, such as names given to newborns. We study the names of babies born in the United States from 1910 to 2012. Our analysis shows that groups of different correlated states naturally emerge in different epochs, and we are able to follow and decrypt their evolution. Although these groups of states are stable across many decades, a sudden reorganization occurs in the last part of the 20th century. We unambiguously demonstrate that cultural evolution of society can be observed and quantified by looking at cultural traits. We think that this kind of quantitative analysis can be possibly extended to other cultural traits: Although databases covering more than one century (such as the one we used) are rare, the cultural evolution on shorter timescales can be studied due to the fact that many human activities are usually recorded in the present digital era. PMID:26069207

    12. My good friend Roe.

      PubMed

      White, S

      1999-02-01

      This essay opens with the author noting that she will be 26 years old in 1999, the same age as the US Supreme Court's decision in Roe vs. Wade but that this decision is threatened by renewed clinic violence and by attempts to limit reproductive choices for women. The women who fought for the right to have an abortion understood that unless they could decide what happened to their bodies, they would not be able to decide what happened in their lives. The right to a legal abortion is not safe, however. Fewer facilities are performing abortions today than 15 years age, and 86% of US counties (home to a third of US women) have no abortion providers. In Washington, DC, impoverished women cannot obtain elective abortions through Medicaid, and many abortion providers have been frightened by death threats issued by those who claim to protect life. The author notes that when she left an abortion clinic frightened and confused 5 years ago, two protesters promised to help her through her pregnancy and with her baby. The promises never materialized. The Roe decision needs support to continue to survive and to keep illegal abortion performed by "back-alley butchers" a thing of the past. PMID:12294576

    13. Talking about Babies, Toddlers, and Sleep

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Mindell, Jodi A.

      2012-01-01

      Jodi Mindell, PhD, the associate director of the Sleep Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, describes how parents and caregivers can help children develop healthy sleeping habits beginning in infancy. Healthy sleep habits are an essential skill for children's overall health and well-being, and they impact family functioning. Dr.…

    14. A Patient's Best Friend.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Haggard, Ann

      1985-01-01

      The author describes the development of a pet therapy program at a rehabilitation unit of a hospital. She discusses documentation of the success of pet therapy programs, picking out the right pets, responsibilities of caring for the pet, training the pet, patient response, and program policies. (CT)

    15. [Maintenance of lactation: a challenge for hospitalized premature infant's mothers].

      PubMed

      de Azevedo, Melissa; Mendes, Eliane Norma Wagner

      2008-03-01

      Preterm birth is a difficult situation for all family members, interfering with the establishment of parental bonding and attachment with the baby. This paper is a qualitative and collective case study, carried out with the purpose of identifying the perception of mothers concerning the maintenance of lactation during the hospital stay of premature infants at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (Clinic Hospital of Porto Alegre), Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The data were collected from March to April/2006 through interviews and observations and resulted in four categories. This article focuses only on the categories that refer to the mechanisms used by mothers to maintain lactation during hospitalization: beliefs and attitudes related to maintenance of lactation and breast milk expression at the human milk bank. The maintenance of lactation constitutes a complex process to be learnt by mothers involved with their infant's prematurity and hospitalization. PMID:18767363

    16. Amitriptyline poisoning of a baby: how informative can hair analysis be?

      PubMed

      Allibe, Nathalie; Eysseric-Guerin, Hélène; Kintz, Pascal; Bartoli, Mireille; Bost-Bru, Cécile; Grenier, Florian; Scolan, Virginie; Stanke-Labesque, Françoise

      2015-04-01

      We reported a case of a 6-month-old baby girl who was hospitalized in the pediatric emergency for central nervous system disorders then coma. Toxicology analysis showed the presence of amitriptyline (AMI) and its metabolite nortriptyline (NOR) in blood and urine of the baby. Additional investigations suggested a shaken baby syndrome. Given the family context, a judge ordered hair tests for both the child and his parents to document drug exposure. A liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method was then developed to quantify AMI and NOR in hair. After decontamination and segmentation, 20 mg of hair was incubated overnight at 55 °C in methanol (MeOH). The LC-MS/MS method used an online solid phase extraction and the analysis was performed using two transitions per compound. The LOQ and LOD for the two compounds were estimated at 0.0075 ng/mg and 0.005 ng/mg respectively. All hair segments tested for both parents were negative. For the baby two strands of hair were collected one day after the acute intoxication for the first and 5 weeks later for the second. The first strand was not decontaminated before analysis to avoid losing specimen. The high and relatively homogenous concentrations of AMI (with a range of value from 6.65 to 9.69 ng/mg) and NOR (with a range of value from 7.12 to 8.96 ng/mg) measured suggested that contamination could have occurred. The analysis of the second strand after decontamination allowed to detect AMI and NOR in all hair segments. The obtained values varied between 0.54 and 1.41 ng/mg for AMI and between 1.26 and 4.00 ng/mg for NOR. These results supported the hypothesis of a chronic exposure during several months before hair collection with regular increase. However a single overdose could not be totally excluded. The interpretation of results must take into account the pharmacological and physiological parameters of hair of the children. PMID:25676714

    17. Environmentally friendly VCI systems

      SciTech Connect

      Chang, Y.C.

      1999-11-01

      Volatile corrosion inhibiting (VCI) products made from paper are gaining popularity largely on account of the effectiveness and recyclability of such products. This paper focuses on environmentally friendly VCI coated paper that is made from VCI chemicals time-release binder, and recycled paper. The product itself is recyclable. In addition to the use of recycled paper the paper is made in neutral pH. This feature further enhances the VCI effectiveness. The finished product has demonstrated corrosion inhibiting properties for both ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The unique construction of the VCI coating confines the chemicals to the metal part providing a durable substrate suitable for most applications. The method of constructions unique and will be described in this paper.

    18. Advanced Environment Friendly Nanotechnologies

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Figovsky, O.; Beilin, D.; Blank, N.

      The economic, security, military and environmental implications of molecular manufacturing are extreme. Unfortunately, conflicting definitions of nanotechnology and blurry distinctions between significantly different fields have complicated the effort to understand those differences and to develop sensible, effective policy for each. The risks of today's nanoscale technologies cannot be treated the same as the risks of longer-term molecular manufacturing. It is a mistake to put them together in one basket for policy consideration — each is important to address, but they offer different problems and will require far different solutions. As used today, the term nanotechnology usually refers to a broad collection of mostly disconnected fields. Essentially, anything sufficiently small and interesting can be called nanotechnology. Much of it is harmless. For the rest, much of the harm is of familiar and limited quality. Molecular manufacturing, by contrast, will bring unfamiliar risks and new classes of problems. The advanced environment friendly nanotechnologies elaborated by Israel Company Polymate Ltd. — International Research Center are illustrated.

    19. ? Carinae Baby Homunculus uncovered by ALMA

      SciTech Connect

      Abraham, Zulema; Beaklini, Pedro P. B.; Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego

      2014-08-20

      We report observations of ? Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42?, He42?, H40?, He40?, H50?, H28?, He28?, H21?, and He21? were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of ? Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shell coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by ? Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the 'Baby Homunculus'.

    20. ? Carinae Baby Homunculus Uncovered by ALMA

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Abraham, Zulema; Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego; Beaklini, Pedro P. B.

      2014-08-01

      We report observations of ? Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42?, He42?, H40?, He40?, H50?, H28?, He28?, H21?, and He21? were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of ? Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shell coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by ? Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the "Baby Homunculus."

    1. Researchers Use RFID to Fight SIDS This system would be especially useful in hospital

      E-print Network

      Chiao, Jung-Chih

      NEWS Researchers Use RFID to Fight SIDS This system would be especially useful in hospital nurseries, Chiao says, since it could send the unique ID number of the baby's crib RFID tag, as well be trained to be familiar with RFID technologies." When the system will be tested there has not yet been

    2. 77 FR 22564 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-04-16

      ...Comment Request; Safety Standards for Full- Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Compliance Form AGENCY: Consumer Product...standards for full-size and non-full-size baby cribs in response to the direction under...

    3. Comparative satisfaction. HHS'first release of hospital patient-satisfaction data reveals that hospitals need to do more to earn top scores from their customers.

      PubMed

      DerGurahian, Jean

      2008-03-31

      PatientS delivered a grim assessment last week in survey data, saying only 67% would recommend their hospitals 10 friends or family. But Louis Shapim, left, from the Hospital for Special Surgery says he is concerned about the accuracy of the HCAHPS data because otherwis, "transparency isn't good, it doesn't add any value" PMID:18464443

    4. Cyber Friendly Fire

      SciTech Connect

      Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.

      2011-09-01

      Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission effectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. Just as with combat friendly fire, a fundamental need in avoiding cyber FF is to maintain situation awareness (SA). We suggest that cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system (and that populate the nodes), the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive (and offensive) countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. A training implication is to raise awareness and understanding of these critical knowledge units; an approach to decision aids and/or visualizations is to focus on supporting these critical knowledge units. To study cyber FF, we developed an unclassified security test range comprising a combination of virtual and physical devices that present a closed network for testing, simulation, and evaluation. This network offers services found on a production network without the associated costs of a real production network. Containing enough detail to appear realistic, this virtual and physical environment can be customized to represent different configurations. For our purposes, the test range was configured to appear as an Internet-connected Managed Service Provider (MSP) offering specialized web applications to the general public. The network is essentially divided into a production component that hosts the web and network services, and a user component that hosts thirty employee workstations and other end devices. The organization's network is separated from the Internet by a Cisco ASA network security device that both firewalls and detects intrusions. Business sensitive information is stored in various servers. This includes data comprising thousands of internal documents, such as finance and technical designs, email messages for the organization's employees including the CEO, CFO, and CIO, the organization's source code, and Personally Identifiable client data. Release of any of this information to unauthorized parties would have a significant, detrimental impact on the organization's reputation, which would harm earnings. The valuable information stored in these servers pose obvious points of interest for an adversary. We constructed several scenarios around this environment to support studies in cyber SA and cyber FF that may be run in the test range. We describe mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches. Finally, we discuss possible future research directions.

    5. AVERT2 (a very early rehabilitation trial, a very effective reproductive trigger): retrospective observational analysis of the number of babies born to trial staff

      PubMed Central

      Lindley, Richard I; Lalor, Erin; Ellery, Fiona; Chamberlain, Jan; Van Holsteyn, John; Collier, Janice M; Dewey, Helen M; Parsons, Brooke; Moodie, Marjory; Lennon, Sheila; Donnan, Geoffrey A; Thrift, Amanda G; Churilov, Leonid; Langhorne, Peter

      2015-01-01

      Objective To report the number of participants needed to recruit per baby born to trial staff during AVERT, a large international trial on acute stroke, and to describe trial management consequences. Design Retrospective observational analysis. Setting 56 acute stroke hospitals in eight countries. Participants 1074 trial physiotherapists, nurses, and other clinicians. Outcome measures Number of babies born during trial recruitment per trial participant recruited. Results With 198 site recruitment years and 2104 patients recruited during AVERT, 120 babies were born to trial staff. Births led to an estimated 10% loss in time to achieve recruitment. Parental leave was linked to six trial site closures. The number of participants needed to recruit per baby born was 17.5 (95% confidence interval 14.7 to 21.0); additional trial costs associated with each birth were estimated at 5736 Australian dollars on average. Conclusion The staff absences registered in AVERT owing to parental leave led to delayed trial recruitment and increased costs, and should be considered by trial investigators when planning research and estimating budgets. However, the celebration of new life became a highlight of the annual AVERT collaborators’ meetings and helped maintain a cohesive collaborative group. Trial registration Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry no 12606000185561. Disclaimer Participation in a rehabilitation trial does not guarantee successful reproductive activity. PMID:26658193

    6. Hospital finance.

      PubMed

      Herman, M J

      1998-01-01

      This article summarizes key areas of focus for the analysis of risk in the hospital segment of the health care industry. The article is written from a commercial bank lending perspective. Both for-profit (C-corporations) and 501 (c)(3) not-for-profit segments are addressed. PMID:9612734

    7. Hospitality Management.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA.

      A project was conducted at College of the Canyons (Valencia, California) to initiate a new 2-year hospitality program with career options in hotel or restaurant management. A mail and telephone survey of area employers in the restaurant and hotel field demonstrated a need for, interest in, and willingness to provide internships for such a program.…

    8. Article Tools Printer-friendly

      E-print Network

      Rogers, John A.

      Article Tools Printer-friendly E-mail this article Daily News Email Digest Subscribe to Spotlight.g. structural or personal health monitors, advanced surgical devices, or systems that use ergonomic or bio

    9. Article Tools Printer-friendly

      E-print Network

      Espinosa, Horacio D.

      Article Tools Printer-friendly E-mail this article Comment on this article Daily News Email Digest protein arrays (Nanowerk News) Nanotechnology offers unique opportunities to advance the life sciences

    10. Inflating baby-Skyrme branes in six dimensions

      SciTech Connect

      Brihaye, Yves; Delsate, Terence; Kodama, Yuta; Sawado, Nobuyuki

      2010-11-15

      We consider a six-dimensional brane world model, where the brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extra dimensions. The branes have a cosmological constant modeled by inflating four-dimensional slices, and we further consider a bulk cosmological constant. We construct solutions numerically and present evidence that the solutions cease to exist for large values of the brane cosmological constant in some particular case. Then we study the stability of the model by considering perturbation of the gravitational part (resp. baby Skyrmion) with fixed matter fields (resp. gravitational background). Our results indicate that the perturbation equations do not admit localized solutions for certain type of perturbation. The stability analysis can be alternatively seen as leading to a particle spectrum; we give mass estimations for the baby-Skyrme perturbation and for the graviton.

    11. Cultural evolution: The case of babies’ first names

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Xi, Ning; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Ge, Zehui; She, Li; Zhang, Kui

      2014-07-01

      In social sciences, there is currently rare consensus on the underlying mechanism for cultural evolution, partially due to lack of suitable data. The evolution of first names of newborn babies offers a remarkable example for such researches. In this paper, we employ the historical data on baby names from the United States to investigate the evolutionary process of culture, in particular focusing on how inequality among baby names changes over time. Then we propose a stochastic model where individual choice is determined by both individual preference and social influence, and show that the decrease in the strength of social influence can account for all the observed empirical features. Therefore, we claim that the weakening of social influence drives cultural evolution.

    12. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Romanczukiewicz, T.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2015-05-01

      We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure P or by turning on an external magnetic field H. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of P and H, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the P, H parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter V = V( P,H) at zero temperature, where V is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

    13. Inflating baby-Skyrme branes in six dimensions

      E-print Network

      Yves Brihaye; Térence Delsate; Nobuyuki Sawado; Yuta Kodama

      2010-07-05

      We consider a six dimensional brane world model, where the brane is described by a localized solution to the baby-Skyrme model extending in the extradimensions. The branes have a cosmological constant modeled by inflating four dimensional slices and we further consider a bulk cosmological constant. We construct solutions numerically and present evidences that the solutions cease to exist for large values of the brane cosmological constant in some particular case. Then we study the stability of the model by considering perturbation of the gravitational part (resp. baby skyrmion) with fixed matter fields (resp. gravitational background). Our results indicate that the perturbation equations do not admit localized solutions for certain type of perturbation. The stability analysis can be alternatively seen as leading to a particle spectrum; we give mass estimations for the baby-Skyrme perturbation and for the graviton.

    14. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      Adam, C; Romanczukiewicz, T; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

      2015-01-01

      We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure $P$ or by turning on an external magnetic field $H$. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of $P$ and $H$, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the $P,H$ parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter $V=V(P,H)$ at zero temperature, where $V$ is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

    15. Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; T. Romanczukiewicz; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2015-01-15

      We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure $P$ or by turning on an external magnetic field $H$. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of $P$ and $H$, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the $P,H$ parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter $V=V(P,H)$ at zero temperature, where $V$ is the "volume", i.e., area of the solitons.

    16. E835 Store Baby Sitting Procedures

      SciTech Connect

      Werkema, Steve

      2002-01-01

      Control of the RF frequency: (1) 'RF Freq Check' on P85 (E835 Baby Sitter) should be turned OFF. (2) The RF frequency should be adjusted so that it is in the notch of the 4-8 GHz momentum cooling pickup response. The RF frequency device to be controlled depends on which RF system is on. If ARF2 is on, the RF frequency device is A:RLLFS1. If ARF3 is on, the RF frequency device is A:RLLFS0. IMPORTANT NOTE: A:RLLFS0 and A:RLLFS1 have very different data base scaling (A:RLLFS0 is 4 bytes and A:RLLFS1 is 2 bytes). A:RLLFS0 can be safely knobbed with a mult factor of 1.0 (i.e. no multiplier is required). A:RLLFS1 requires a mult factor of 0.02 or smaller. The monitoring and adjustment of the RF frequency is accomplished by the following steps: (3) Set up SA1 so that it is connected to CP48-SCH (4-8 GHz momentum cooling pickup). Set the SA center frequency to a harmonic of the RF frequency. This is most easily accomplished by doing one of the following: (a) If ARF3 is on, send P41 file 22 to SA1. (b) If ARF2 is on, set A:RLLFS0 to the set value of A:RLLFS1 then send P41 file 22 to SA1. (4) SA1 can be viewed on CATV channel pbar 20. If the notch in the momentum cooling pickup response is not at the center frequecy of SA1 adjust the RF. (On the low energy ramp, 1 division on the SA1 display at 5.5 GHz corresponds to 2.3 Hz in revolution frequency). Once you've made an adjustment to the RF frequency you should reset the SA1 display according to step 3 above.

    17. Pedagogy with babies: perspectives of eight nursery managers

      PubMed Central

      Elfer, Peter; Page, Jools

      2015-01-01

      The last 30 years have seen a significant increase in babies attending nursery, with corresponding questions about the aims and organisation of practice. Research broadly agrees on the importance of emotionally consistent, sensitive and responsive interactions between staff and babies. Policy objectives for nursery and expectations of parents and staff give rise to different and sometimes conflicting aims for such interactions; for example attachments to staff, peer interactions or early learning. Research shows marked variations of pedagogy aims and organisation with babies in nurseries in different national and cultural contexts. It also demonstrates variation between nurseries in similar contexts and between staff in their beliefs and values about work with babies. This paper reports on an exploratory study of the beliefs, aspirations and approaches of eight managers concerning pedagogy with babies in two similar English local authorities. These managers spoke of the importance of being responsive to the concerns and priorities of parents, whilst being sensitive to the demands of the work on their staff. The main finding was of the contradictions and confusions managers felt were inherent in the work, arising from both conflicting policy objectives and personal beliefs and aspirations; sometimes their own and sometimes those of individual staff and parents. Urban, Vandenbroeck, Van Laere, Lazzari, and Peeters' [(2012). Towards competent systems in early childhood education and care. Implications for policy and practice. European Journal of Education, 47(4), 508–526.] concept of the ‘competent system’ is used to recommend a grounded approach to the development of a more culturally, socially and individually responsive pedagogy with babies than appears to exist at present. PMID:26692633

    18. What can be done to keep babies' skin healthy?

      PubMed

      Atherton, David; Mills, Kathryn

      2004-07-01

      Establishing a skincare routine that keeps babies' skin healthy remains a challenge for midwives and parents, since up to 50% of babies suffer from at least one episode of nappy rash at some time. Nappy rash is an irritant contact dermatitis caused by the interaction of several factors, particularly the prolonged contact of the skin with urine and faeces, which makes the skin more prone to disruption through friction with the nappy. Infection is not a primary cause of nappy rash, though secondary infection by Candida albicans can occur. Prevention of nappy rash is the ultimate goal, but if the condition does develop, treatment should aim to reverse the skin damage and prevent recurrence. We propose that routine baby skincare should comprise gentle cleansing whenever the nappy is soiled (using warm water or alcohol-free baby wipes), the use of good-quality super-absorbent nappies, and the application of a barrier preparation at every nappy change. Ideally, a barrier preparation should be clinically proven to be effective in babies and mimic the skin's natural function by forming a long-lasting barrier to maintain optimum moisture levels. It should not contain any unnecessary ingredients, including antiseptic, preservative or perfume (or other potential sensitisers), or any ingredients that are toxic or have undocumented safety. Treatment of nappy rash should comprise essentially the same actions as its prevention. Application of a barrier ointment at every nappy change can help to both prevent and treat this condition. Topical steroid therapy should be reserved for use where the condition has failed to respond to other approaches, and antifungal treatment should only be employed where Candida infection is established or suspected. Implementing these measures would form a simple skincare routine that could help keep babies' skin healthy. PMID:15314924

    19. Labor and Delivery Experiences of Mothers with Suspected Large Babies

      PubMed Central

      Cheng, Erika R.; Declercq, Eugene R.; Belanoff, Candice; Stotland, Naomi E.; Iverson, Ronald E.

      2015-01-01

      Objective To characterize the prevalence of and factors associated with clinicians’ prenatal suspicion of a large baby; and to determine whether communicating fetal size concerns to patients was associated with labor and delivery interventions and outcomes. Methods We examined data from women without a prior cesarean who responded to Listening to Mothers III, a nationally representative survey of women who had given birth between July 2011 and June 2012 (n=1,960). We estimated the effect of having a suspected large baby (SLB) on the odds of six labor and delivery outcomes. Results Nearly one-third (31.2%) of women were told by their maternity care providers that their babies might be getting “quite large”; however, only 9.9% delivered a baby weighing ?4,000 grams (19.7% among mothers with SLBs, 5.5% without). Women with SLBs had increased adjusted odds of medically-induced labor (AOR 1.9; 95% CI: 1.4–2.6), attempted self-induced labor (AOR 1.9; 95% CI: 1.4–2.7), and use of epidural analgesics (AOR 2.0; 95% CI: 1.4–2.9). No differences were noted for overall cesarean rates, although women with SLBs were more likely to ask for (AOR 4.6; 95% CI: 2.8–7.6) and have planned (AOR 1.8; 95% CI: 1.0–4.5) cesarean deliveries. These associations were not affected by adjustment for gestational age and birthweight. Conclusion Only one in five US women who were told that their babies might be getting quite large actually delivered infants weighing ?4,000 grams. However, the suspicion of a large baby was associated with an increase in perinatal interventions, regardless of actual fetal size. PMID:26140835

    20. 77 FR 46739 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-08-06

      ...Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...manufacturers and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was...

    1. COUPLED DICTIONARY TRAINING FOR EXEMPLAR-BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Deepak Baby Tuomas Virtanen

      E-print Network

      Virtanen, Tuomas

      COUPLED DICTIONARY TRAINING FOR EXEMPLAR-BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Deepak Baby Tuomas Virtanen Tom University of Technology, Finland {Deepak.Baby, Hugo.Vanhamme}@esat.kuleuven.be, {Tuomas.Virtanen, Thomas

    2. 77 FR 55812 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-09-11

      ...Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...manufacturers and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was...

    3. From Baby Bottle to Cup: Choose Training Cups Carefully, Use Them Temporarily

      MedlinePLUS

      ... DENTAL PATIENT ... From baby bottle to cup Choose training cups carefully, use them temporarily T ooth decay ... you make the change from baby bottle to training cup, be very careful about d what kind ...

    4. Field Friendly Tuberculosis Biosensor

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Proper, N.; Scherman, M. S.; Jevsevar, K. L.; Stone, J.; McNeil, M. R.; Krapf, D.

      2009-10-01

      Tuberculosis (TB) is a fading threat in the United States, but in the developing world it is still a major health-care concern. Given the rising number of cases and lack of resources, there is a desperate need for an affordable, portable detection system. We are working towards the development of a field-friendly immunological biosensor that utilizes florescence microscopy to undertake this task. We observe fluorescently labeled antibodies/antigens as they bind to a glass slide treated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in order to inhibit non-specific adsorption. Antibodies against the antigens of interest are bound to the PEGylated glass slides via biotin-streptavidin interactions. Then, fluorescently labeled antibodies are mixed with different concentrations of TB antigens and this solution is incubated on the treated glass slides for 30 minutes. The slides are thoroughly rinsed with water following the incubation period. The antigens are then detected by fluorescence using a low-cost biosensor. Our system includes a ``supermarket-scanner'' HeNe laser, home-built electronics, off-the-shelf optics and a Si photodiode. Work is underway to incorporate a flow-cell into the system, in a small portable box.

    5. Cannabinoids: Friend or foe?

      PubMed

      Le Foll, B; Tyndale, R F

      2015-06-01

      This issue of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics focuses on cannabinoids. Our understanding of these interesting endogenous and synthetic compounds, and their role in the cannabinoid system, has evolved dramatically, in part because of the acquisition of new research tools. Cannabis has been used for centuries by humans for recreational and medicinal purposes, however, there is substantial evidence that cannabis use can expose people to varying complications (e.g., risk of addiction, cognitive impairment), thus, it is important to determine the benefit/risk of cannabis with precision and to implement policy measures based on evidence to maximize the benefits and minimize the harm. Novel cannabinoid drugs are emerging for medicinal use (e.g., dronabinol, nabiximols) and as illicit drugs (e.g., Spice, K2) perpetuating the perception that cannabinoid drugs can be a friend or foe. This special issue will cover these various aspects of cannabinoid pharmacology and therapeutics ranging from basic chemistry, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical trial results, to policy and education efforts in this area. PMID:25801347

    6. A remark on spin and statistics of baby skyrmion

      SciTech Connect

      Otsu, H. ); Sato, T. )

      1991-09-28

      The authors study spin and statistics of baby skyrmion, which is a topological soliton solution in the (2 + 1)-dimensional O(3) {sigma}-model. In this paper it is shown that the Hopf term written in terms of CP variables does not naively represent the topological charge associated with the non-triviality of {Pi}{sub 1} (S{sup 2} {r arrow} S{sup 2}). It is also pointed out, therefore, that the baby skyrmion cannot behave as anyon, even if the Hopf term written in terms of CP variables is added to the model.

    7. The wise baby as the voice of the true self.

      PubMed

      Bethelard, F; Young-Bruehl, E

      1999-10-01

      Sandor Ferenczi wrote about a typical dream of the "Wise Baby" and later used this figure to represent the child who is traumatized into precocious wisdom, who becomes "the family psychiatrist." We discuss Ferenczi's theory of traumatization and the "split self," noting how it was taken up in D. W. Winnicott's "True Self/False Self" conceptualization. We then present three patients' wise baby dreams to show how these trauma theories can be used in dream interpretation and how dream interpretation can support them. PMID:10618822

    8. Escherichia coli with Resistance Factors in Vegetarians, Babies, and Nonvegetarians

      PubMed Central

      Guinée, P.; Ugueto, N.; van Leeuwen, N.

      1970-01-01

      The prevalence of Escherichia coli carrying resistance factors (R factors) was examined in meat-consuming individuals and in those not consuming meat (vegetarians and babies below the age of 6 months). Assuming that the transport of resistant E. coli from animals through meat and meat products to the human consumer is most important, with regard to the incidence of resistant E. coli in man, we expected a significant difference in the proportions of people with resistant E. coli between the two groups. However, the percentage with resistant E. coli was larger in the group of vegetarians and babies than in the group of meat-eating individuals. PMID:4926439

    9. Peakons and Q-balls in the baby Skyrme model

      SciTech Connect

      Lis, Jakub

      2011-10-15

      In this paper, we investigate the Q-ball Ansatz in the baby Skyrme model. First, the appearance of peakons, i.e. solutions with extremely large absolute values of the second derivative at maxima, is analyzed. It is argued that such solutions are intrinsic to the baby Skyrme model and do not depend on the detailed form of a potential used in calculations. Next, we concentrate on compact nonspinning Q-balls. We show the failure of a small parameter expansion in this case. Finally, we explore the existence and parameter dependence of Q-ball solutions.

    10. Baby Skyrme model, near-BPS approximations, and supersymmetric extensions

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Bolognesi, S.; Zakrzewski, W.

      2015-02-01

      We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this, a near-BPS approximation can be used when there is a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with N =1 and the particular ones with extended N =2 supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

    11. Baby Skyrme Model, Near-BPS Approximations and Supersymmetric Extensions

      E-print Network

      Bolognesi, S

      2014-01-01

      We study the baby Skyrme model as a theory that interpolates between two distinct BPS systems. For this a near-BPS approximation can be used which, however, involves a small deviation from each of the two BPS limits. We provide analytical explanation and numerical support for the validity of this approximation. We then study the set of all possible supersymmetric extensions of the baby Skyrme model with ${\\cal N}=1$ and the particular ones with extended ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetries and relate this to the above mentioned almost-BPS approximation.

    12. Compositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao

      E-print Network

      . Using this framework, we have produced a certification of BabyVMM, a small VMM designed for simplifiedCompositional Verification of a Baby Virtual Memory Manager Alexander Vaynberg and Zhong Shao Yale hardware. The same proof also shows that a certified ker- nel using BabyVMM's virtual memory abstraction

    13. Baby Steps: Evaluation of a System to Support Record-Keeping for Parents of Young Children

      E-print Network

      Anderson, Richard

      , Baby Steps, which is designed to improve the record-keeping process. In this paper, we present. The study showed that when compared to a control condition, experimental design features of Baby StepsBaby Steps: Evaluation of a System to Support Record- Keeping for Parents of Young Children Julie A

    14. The Loss of a Baby and the Birth of the Next Infant: The Mother's Experience

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Reid, Marguerite

      2007-01-01

      This paper considers the area of perinatal death by focusing on the mother's experience. An argument is made for questioning whether mothers attempt to replace a dead infant. It is suggested instead that they long to mother their lost baby and as a result their new infant is mothered in the shadow of the dead baby. The term "penumbra baby" is…

    15. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

    16. Extending Baby-step Giant-step algorithm for FACTOR problem

      E-print Network

      International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

      Extending Baby-step Giant-step algorithm for FACTOR problem Martin Stanek Department of Computer a classical baby-step giant-step algorithm for discrete loga- rithm can be extended to this problem that this is not generally true, and the FACTOR problem can be solved by modification of baby-step giant-step algorithm

    17. For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep Development #12;Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Always place your baby baby should not sleep in an adult bed, on a couch, or on a chair alone, with you, or with anyone else

    18. Constructions of Fischer's Baby Monster over fields of characteristic not 2

      E-print Network

      Wilson, Robert A.

      Constructions of Fischer's Baby Monster over fields of characteristic not 2 Richard A. Parker DPMMS In this paper we describe the computer construction of the repre- sentations of Fischer's Baby Monster simple character tables. 1 Introduction Fischer's Baby Monster group is the second largest of the 26 sporadic

    19. 16 CFR 1219.2 - Requirements for full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ... false Requirements for full-size baby cribs. 1219.2 Section 1219.2...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1219.2 Requirements for full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

    20. Generalized Baby Mandelbrot Sets Adorned with Halos in Families of Rational Maps

      E-print Network

      Devaney, Robert L.

      Generalized Baby Mandelbrot Sets Adorned with Halos in Families of Rational Maps Robert L. Devaney symmetrically located around the origin in the parameter -plane. These baby Mandelbrot sets have "antennas the symmetry properties of F and the existence of the n - 1 baby Mandelbrot sets to the case when 1/n + 1/d

    1. For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

      E-print Network

      Rau, Don C.

      Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep Development #12;Safe Sleep For Your Baby Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Always place your baby on his or her back to sleep, for naps and at night, to reduce the risk

    2. A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS

      E-print Network

      Safey El Din, Mohab

      A BABY STEP-GIANT STEP ROADMAP ALGORITHM FOR GENERAL ALGEBRAIC SETS S. BASU, M-F. ROY, M. SAFEY EL20; Secondary 14P05, 68W05. Key words and phrases. Roadmaps, Real algebraic variety, Baby step, with an improved recursive scheme of baby step - giant step type, has been proposed, and applied successfully

    3. 16 CFR 1220.2 - Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

      2013-01-01

      ...false Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. 1220.2 Section 1220.2... SAFETY STANDARD FOR NON-FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1220.2 Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

    4. TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE

      E-print Network

      Bernstein, Daniel

      TWO GRUMPY GIANTS AND A BABY DANIEL J. BERNSTEIN AND TANJA LANGE Abstract. Pollard's rho algorithm negation), the baby-step-giant-step method has probability 0.5625 + o(1) of finding a uniform random two-grumpy-giants-and-a-baby method has probability 0.71875 + o(1). 1. Introduction Fix a prime

    5. 16 CFR 1220.2 - Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

      2012-01-01

      ...false Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. 1220.2 Section 1220.2... SAFETY STANDARD FOR NON-FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1220.2 Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

    6. Job Title Bilingual Licensed Therapist (2 positions) Employer/ Agency Any Baby Can

      E-print Network

      Paulsen, Vern

      Job Title Bilingual Licensed Therapist (2 positions) Employer/ Agency Any Baby Can Job Description To provide bilingual home-based counseling to children and families enrolled in Any Baby Can's core home days Salary/Hours Full time Salary based on experience Employer/Agency Any Baby Can Address 6207

    7. 16 CFR 1220.2 - Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

      2011-01-01

      ...false Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. 1220.2 Section 1220.2... SAFETY STANDARD FOR NON-FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS (Eff. June 28, 2011) § 1220.2 Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided...

    8. 16 CFR 1220.2 - Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

      2014-01-01

      ...false Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. 1220.2 Section 1220.2 ...REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR NON-FULL-SIZE BABY CRIBS § 1220.2 Requirements for non-full-size baby cribs. (a) Except as provided in...

    9. Building A Baby Paul R. Cohen, Tim Oates, Marc S. Atkin

      E-print Network

      Building A Baby Paul R. Cohen, Tim Oates, Marc S. Atkin Department of Computer Science Carole R conceptual development is, in its broad outlines, sufficient for an artificial agent to learn concepts. Baby World Neo lives in a simulated environment called BabyWorld, which implements Neo's sensations, mental

    10. The Baby Boomer Generation--Impact on Public Libraries: Theoretical and Practical Evidence.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Kahlert, Maureen V.

      This paper discusses the impact of the Baby Boomer generation on public libraries. The paper has five main objectives: (1) to provide a statistical and demographic profile of the Baby Boomers at the local, state, and national levels within Australia; (2) to provide characteristics of the Baby Boomer generation; (3) to present comparative results…

    11. Orchestrating Professional Development for Baby Room Practitioners: Raising the Stakes in New Dialogic Encounters

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Goouch, Kathleen; Powell, Sacha

      2013-01-01

      This article has emerged from a research and development project, The Baby Room, which was designed to examine how babies are cared for in daycare settings. Within the project, a form of professional development was created which designated a central space for dialogic encounter, primarily to enable the baby room practitioners who participated in…

    12. Bringing New Families to the Museum One Baby at a Time

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Herman, Alicia

      2012-01-01

      "Bring Your Baby to the Danforth Museum of Art" is a program for mothers. Unlike other museum programs that focus on the needs of children, Bring Your Baby caters to the intellectual interests of the adult parent. Parents learn about artworks, play with babies in a beautiful environment, and socialize with other families. The program is a joyful…

    13. Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.

      2007-01-01

      Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

    14. Rocking & Rolling: Supporting Infants, Toddlers, and Their Families. Helping Babies Make Transitions

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Merrill, Sarah; Britt, Donna

      2008-01-01

      The authors discuss three steps to helping babies with transitions: observe, ask, and respond (OAR). They advise teachers about how to ask a family questions about their baby and how to give the family suggestions to alleviate the baby's stress, without offending family members. This column includes a list of recommended resources. (Contains 7…

    15. 77 FR 37000 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2012-06-20

      ... COMMISSION Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and... and importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker- jumpers. The collection of... at 16 CFR part 1500, establish safety requirements for products called ``baby-bouncers'' and...

    16. Keeping Your Baby Healthy: A Practical Manual for Black Parents.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Dennis, Sharon, Ed.

      Based on the belief that black parents have the power to prevent many of their children's health problems, and thus the responsibility to do so, this manual provides practical advice and lists resources in seven chapters. Chapters concern: (1) prenatal care; (2) having a baby; (3) the child's first 12 months; (4) information every parent should…

    17. Sensing danger in baby cribs Programmed to treat autism

      E-print Network

      Chiao, Jung-Chih

      that detected gas escaping from long-idled missiles. If gas leaks, the missile might not function. He approached Assistance Center, on a wireless system that can detect carbon dioxide exhaled by babies as they sleep. More the system will be more accurate than what exists now. "There are audio, video, and motion detection systems

    18. Challenging Our Assumptions: Helping a Baby Adjust to Center Care.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Elliot, Enid

      2003-01-01

      Contends that assumptions concerning infants' adjustment to child center care need to be tempered with attention to observation, thought, and commitment to each individual baby. Describes the Options Daycare program for pregnant teens and young mothers. Presents a case study illustrating the need for openness in strategy and planning for…

    19. Just a Talking Book? Word Learning from Watching Baby Videos

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Robb, Michael B.; Richert, Rebekah A.; Wartella, Ellen A.

      2009-01-01

      This study examined the relationship between viewing an infant DVD and expressive and receptive language outcomes. Children between 12 and 15 months were randomly assigned to view "Baby Wordsworth," a DVD highlighting words around the house marketed for children beginning at 12 months of age. Viewings took place in home settings over 6 weeks.…

    20. Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Page, Jools

      2011-01-01

      This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

    1. FAU Study Finds Babies Learn To Speak By Watching Mouths

      E-print Network

      Fernandez, Eduardo

      FAU Study Finds Babies Learn To Speak By Watching Mouths January 17, 2012 11:34 PM Reporting most of their looks on the mouth region. "Our thinking is they're doing it because they're trying all. Now you'll focus on them looking at their mouth, like you'll want them to look at you more when

    2. Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

      2009-01-01

      Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

    3. 'Think Baby': online learning for student health visitors.

      PubMed

      Appleton, Jane V; Harris, Margaret; Kelly, Cat; Huppe, Irmgard

      2014-06-01

      'Think Baby' is an innovative online learning resource which has been developed to help student health visitors (and other specialist community public health nurses) build their skills in observing and assessing mother-infant interactions. The project's development and pilot work was funded by a small grant from the Higher Education Academy. It builds on the findings of the team's previous research, which found health visitors' initial training had left them ill-prepared to assess the intricacies of mother-infant relationships. The 'Think Baby' project sought to develop online training resources for student health visitors using video footage of mothers and babies to illustrate different types of interactions. A small group of student health visitors were engaged in reviewing and evaluating the materials and considering their acceptability. Once developed, the materials were piloted with student health visitors from three universities, community practice teachers and a health visitor academic, and they were then adapted for wider roll out. 'Think Baby' enables student health visitors to develop their core skills in assessment, which is really important in identifying when early help and support are needed for mothers and infants. PMID:24974552

    4. Origins of Value Conflict: Babies Do Not Agree to Disagree.

      PubMed

      Wynn, Karen

      2016-01-01

      It is human nature to like those who are like us. Even babies prefer individuals who share their tastes, and dislike those with contrasting views. However, our pluralistic society requires accepting differences and tolerating those who disagree. Can findings in infant research inform strategies to encourage acceptance of diversity? PMID:26721603

    5. Sign Language with Babies: What Difference Does It Make?

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Barnes, Susan Kubic

      2010-01-01

      Teaching sign language--to deaf or other children with special needs or to hearing children with hard-of-hearing family members--is not new. Teaching sign language to typically developing children has become increasingly popular since the publication of "Baby Signs"[R] (Goodwyn & Acredolo, 1996), now in its third edition. Attention to signing with…

    6. Gauging the Labor Force Effects of Retiring Baby-Boomers.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Dohm, Arlene

      2000-01-01

      As baby-boomers begin retiring, the effects on the overall economy and on certain occupations and industries will be substantial, creating a need for younger workers to fill vacated jobs, many of which require relatively high levels of skill. (JOW)

    7. Contentful Mental States for Robot Baby Paul R. Cohen

      E-print Network

      Contentful Mental States for Robot Baby Paul R. Cohen Dept. of Computer Science. University- ways designed by skilled engineers. We discuss several kinds of meaning that representations might have algorithms designed to find the macroscopic structure of episodes in a domain-independent way. Introduction

    8. Know Yourself: Building Relationships with Teenagers and Their Babies

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Cardone, Ida; Gilkerson, Linda; Wechsler, Nick

      2007-01-01

      This article provides general guidelines for home visitors who work with teenage parents and their babies to explore their own thoughts and feelings in relation to the young parents with whom they work and to develop a receptive posture in working with these clients. The authors first guide the reader through a series of questions to identify the…

    9. Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Bradley, Ben S.

      1994-01-01

      Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of Darwin's…

    10. 82. Historic American Buildings Survey VIEW SHOWING BABY HOUSE AND ...

      Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

      82. Historic American Buildings Survey VIEW SHOWING BABY HOUSE AND PATIO WHERE TENT ROOM NOW LOCATED PHOTOCOPY OF PLATE FROM IRVIN L. SCOTT, 'MARALAGO', THE AMERICAN ARCHITECT (JUNE 20, 1928), P. 797 - Mar-a-Lago, 1100 South Ocean Boulevard, Palm Beach, Palm Beach County, FL

    11. What We Learn about Babies from Engaging with Their Emotions

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Reddy, Vasudevi; Trevarthen, Colwyn

      2004-01-01

      Reddy and Trevarthen explore what we can learn from emotionally engaging with babies. Theirs is a different approach from 20th-century psychology, in which doubt and detachment play a role in discerning other people's feelings and thoughts. Instead, the authors suggest that emotions are the key to psychological engagement. When interacting with an…

    12. Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.

      This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

    13. The relationship between parents and their babies and young children

      E-print Network

      The relationship between parents and their babies and young children forms the foundation, children who experi- ence neglect, abuse or the chronic toxic stress of family dysfunction are two to four ways to identify children and families at risk; · Test and develop effective interventions that can

    14. How suitable is human milk for pre-term babies?

      PubMed

      Davies, D P

      1989-08-01

      Optimum nutrition for pre-term babies can be defined as that which permits satisfactory growth and health in the short term, free from metabolic problems and infection, and in the long-term fulfillment of growth and neuro-developmental potential. This paper examines how human milk meets these requirements. The composition of the various types of human milk available to the pre-term baby is described along with their short-term influences on early growth, infection, necrotising enterocolitis and protein allergy and long-term effects on physical size and neuro-psychological function. The conclusion reached is that while admitting that human milk will often fail to meet some of the special nutritional needs of small pre-term babies, there is as yet insufficient evidence to discourage its feeding to these babies. Its antimicrobial properties, potential immunological benefits and possible advantages to body (and brain) composition justify its continued use, particularly in those parts of the world where risks of neonatal infection are high. PMID:2514568

    15. B Is for Baby, B Is for Books.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Marino, Jane

      1997-01-01

      Describes an infant and toddler public library program called "Mother Goose Time." It is a language enrichment program that uses rhymes, songs, and books to lay the foundations of listening, learning, and literacy. Activities are planned according to the babies' motor skills--they are divided into two groups, "prewalkers" and "walkers". A list of…

    16. The 2030 Problem: Caring for Aging Baby Boomers

      PubMed Central

      Knickman, James R; Snell, Emily K

      2002-01-01

      Objective To assess the coming challenges of caring for large numbers of frail elderly as the Baby Boom generation ages. Study Setting A review of economic and demographic data as well as simulations of projected socioeconomic and demographic patterns in the year 2030 form the basis of a review of the challenges related to caring for seniors that need to be faced by society. Study Design A series of analyses are used to consider the challenges related to caring for elders in the year 2030: (1) measures of macroeconomic burden are developed and analyzed, (2) the literatures on trends in disability, payment approaches for long-term care, healthy aging, and cultural views of aging are analyzed and synthesized, and(3)simulations of future income and assets patterns of the Baby Boom generation are developed. Principal Findings The economic burden of aging in 2030 should be no greater than the economic burden associated with raising large numbers of baby boom children in the 1960s. The real challenges of caring for the elderly in 2030 will involve: (1) making sure society develops payment and insurance systems for long-term care that work better than existing ones, (2) taking advantage of advances in medicine and behavioral health to keep the elderly as healthy and active as possible, (3) changing the way society organizes community services so that care is more accessible, and (4) altering the cultural view of aging to make sure all ages are integrated into the fabric of community life. Conclusions To meet the long-term care needs of Baby Boomers, social and public policy changes must begin soon. Meeting the financial and social service burdens of growing numbers of elders will not be a daunting task if necessary changes are made now rather than when Baby Boomers actually need long-term care. PMID:12236388

    17. Baby-MONITOR: A Composite Indicator of NICU Quality

      PubMed Central

      Kowalkowski, Marc A.; Zupancic, John A. F.; Pietz, Kenneth; Richardson, Peter; Draper, David; Hysong, Sylvia J.; Thomas, Eric J.; Petersen, Laura A.; Gould, Jeffrey B.

      2014-01-01

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: NICUs vary in the quality of care delivered to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. NICU performance on 1 measure of quality only modestly predicts performance on others. Composite measurement of quality of care delivery may provide a more comprehensive assessment of quality. The objective of our study was to develop a robust composite indicator of quality of NICU care provided to VLBW infants that accurately discriminates performance among NICUs. METHODS: We developed a composite indicator, Baby-MONITOR, based on 9 measures of quality chosen by a panel of experts. Measures were standardized, equally weighted, and averaged. We used the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative database to perform across-sectional analysis of care given to VLBW infants between 2004 and 2010. Performance on the Baby-MONITOR is not an absolute marker of quality but indicates overall performance relative to that of the other NICUs. We used sensitivity analyses to assess the robustness of the composite indicator, by varying assumptions and methods. RESULTS: Our sample included 9023 VLBW infants in 22 California regional NICUs. We found significant variations within and between NICUs on measured components of the Baby-MONITOR. Risk-adjusted composite scores discriminated performance among this sample of NICUs. Sensitivity analysis that included different approaches to normalization, weighting, and aggregation of individual measures showed the Baby-MONITOR to be robust (r = 0.89–0.99). CONCLUSIONS: The Baby-MONITOR may be a useful tool to comprehensively assess the quality of care delivered by NICUs. PMID:24918221

    18. Race, consanguinity and social features in Birmingham babies: a basis for prospective study.

      PubMed Central

      Bundey, S; Alam, H; Kaur, A; Mir, S; Lancashire, R J

      1990-01-01

      STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of consanguinity on children's health. DESIGN--The study is a prospective survey from birth to five years of a cohort of babies born in a multiracial community. This report details the initial findings on consanguinity. SETTING--Participating families live predominantly in three health districts of Birmingham, and were recruited in three local maternity hospitals. PARTICIPANTS--Babies of 2432 European mothers, 509 Afro-Caribbean mothers, 625 Indian mothers, 956 Pakistani mothers, and 216 Bangladeshi mothers have been enrolled in the study. Eighty mothers refused to participate. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS--Sociodemographic information was obtained using a structured questionnaire administered at interview. Interview data were supplemented with obstetric information from the medical records. The highest prevalence of parental consanguinity was in Pakistani Muslims (69%), whereas in Muslims from other countries it was 23%, and it was less than 1% in non-Muslims. In the majority of consanguineous Muslim pedigrees the degree of inbreeding was greater than that for first cousin parents. CONCLUSIONS--This prospective study will allow an assessment to be made about any ill health in childhood arising from parental consanguinity, about whether screening programmes are indicated for particular autosomal recessive diseases, and about whether premarital health education might be beneficial. The study has also documented parental ages in different races and this, together with the levels of parental consanguinity in all races, will be useful in genetic methods for assessing the frequency of recessive genes, the possibility of genetic heterogeneity, and whether or not parental age effect exists for new mutations of specific genetic disorders. PMID:2370500

    19. Infant Arterial Stiffness and Maternal Iron Status in Pregnancy: A UK Birth Cohort (Baby VIP Study)

      PubMed Central

      Alwan, Nisreen A.; Cade, Janet E.; McArdle, Harry J.; Greenwood, Darren C.; Hayes, Helen E.; Ciantar, Etienne; Simpson, Nigel A.B.

      2015-01-01

      Background In animal studies, iron deficiency during pregnancy has been linked to increased offspring cardiovascular risk. No previous population studies have measured arterial stiffness early in life to examine its association with maternal iron status. Objective This study aimed to examine the association between maternal iron status in early pregnancy with infant brachio-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV). Methods The Baby VIP (Baby's Vascular Health and Iron in Pregnancy) study is a UK-based birth cohort which recruited 362 women after delivery from the Leeds Teaching Hospitals postnatal wards. Ferritin and transferrin receptor levels were measured in maternal serum samples previously obtained in the first trimester. Infant brachio-femoral PWV was measured during a home visit at 2–6 weeks. Results Iron depletion (ferritin <15 µg/l) was detected in 79 (23%) women in early pregnancy. Infant PWV (mean = 6.7 m/s, SD = 1.3, n = 284) was neither associated with maternal ferritin (adjusted change per 10 µg/l = 0.02, 95% CI: ?0.01, 0.1), nor with iron depletion (adjusted change = ?0.2, 95% CI: ?0.6, 0.2). No evidence of association was observed between maternal serum transferrin receptor level and its ratio to ferritin with infant PWV. Maternal anaemia (<11 g/dl) at <20 weeks’ gestation was associated with a 1.0-m/s increase in infant PWV (adjusted 95% CI: 0.1, 1.9). Conclusion This is the largest study to date which has assessed peripheral PWV as a measure of arterial stiffness in infants. There was no evidence of an association between markers of maternal iron status early in pregnancy and infant PWV. PMID:25790854

    20. Smart Mom's Baby-Sitting Co-Op Handbook: How We Solved the Baby-Sitter Puzzle.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Myers, Gary

      Noting that a family with young children is under tremendous pressure and that a babysitting cooperative can give parents relief during a vital stage of a family's development, this book provides guidance for mothers of preschool children in starting and maintaining a Smart Mom's Babysitting Cooperative based on the University Place Baby-Sitting…

    1. 75 FR 43107 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-07-23

      ... proposing to revoke? CPSC first published the full-size crib regulation, 16 CFR part 1508, in 1973 (38 FR... CFR part 1509, in 1976 (41 FR 6240 (Feb. 12, 1976)) and amended it in 1982. Both standards currently... COMMISSION 16 CFR Parts 1508 and 1509 Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-...

    2. Adult Partial Hospitalization JOHN DEMPSEY HOSPITAL

      E-print Network

      Oliver, Douglas L.

      Adult Partial Hospitalization Program JOHN DEMPSEY HOSPITAL CONTACT US For further information.uchc.edu. The Adult Partial Hospitalization Program is available Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 2:05 p.m. OUR LOCATION AND DIRECTIONS The Adult Partial Hospitalization Program is located on the 5th floor of the John

    3. 76 FR 37055 - Notice of Request for Extension of Approval of an Information Collection; Importation of Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2011-06-24

      ... Collection; Importation of Baby Squash and Baby Courgettes From Zambia AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health... collection associated with regulations for the importation of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia... from Zambia, contact Ms. Karen Bedigian, Senior Export Specialist, Phytosanitary Issues Management,...

    4. Helping Family and Friends Understand Alzheimer's Disease

      MedlinePLUS

      Helping Family and Friends Understand Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s Caregiving Tips When you learn that someone has Alzheimer’s disease, you may wonder when and how to tell your family and friends. You ...

    5. Friends of the National Library of Medicine

      MedlinePLUS

      ... Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of ... Paul G. Rogers Chairman, Friends of the National Library of Medicine and former member of the U.S. ...

    6. A Delicate Friend: Reading, Politics and Culture

      E-print Network

      A Delicate Friend: Reading, Politics and Culture ... a book is a delicate friend, a white bird-hosted the cultural television program School for Scandal. In July 2014, the Russian government canceled the show

    7. My Friend Is Talking about Suicide

      MedlinePLUS

      ... to Body Image My Friend Is Talking About Suicide. What Should I Do? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > Friends > ... You Can Do After Suicide Warning Signs of Suicide Everyone feels sad, depressed, or angry sometimes — especially ...

    8. A Parents' Guide for Well-Baby Care and Minor Hospitalizations.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Luchini, Alice, Ed.

      This manual offers practical guidelines for many of the concerns that parents have about their infants and toddlers. The manual is divided into seven chapters; each is written by an expert in the field of pediatrics, early childhood education, nutrition, or family care. The following areas are covered: (1) newborn and infant care; (2) growth and…

    9. Adolescent Boys' Intentions of Seeking Help from Male Friends and Female Friends

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sears, Heather A.; Graham, Joanna; Campbell, Anna

      2009-01-01

      This study examined adolescent boys' intentions of seeking help from male friends and female friends. We evaluated mean differences in boys' help-seeking intentions; assessed whether boys' individual characteristics predicted their intentions; and examined perceived support from male friends and female friends as mediators of these relationships.…

    10. Helping small babies survive: an evaluation of facility-based Kangaroo Mother Care implementation progress in Uganda

      PubMed Central

      Aliganyira, Patrick; Kerber, Kate; Davy, Karen; Gamache, Nathalie; Sengendo, Namaala Hanifah; Bergh, Anne-Marie

      2014-01-01

      Introduction Prematurity is the leading cause of newborn death in Uganda, accounting for 38% of the nation's 39,000 annual newborn deaths. Kangaroo mother care is a high-impact; cost-effective intervention that has been prioritized in policy in Uganda but implementation has been limited. Methods A standardised, cross-sectional, mixed-method evaluation design was used, employing semi-structured key-informant interviews and observations in 11 health care facilities implementing kangaroo mother care in Uganda. Results The facilities visited scored between 8.28 and 21.72 out of the possible 30 points with a median score of 14.71. Two of the 3 highest scoring hospitals were private, not-for-profit hospitals whereas the second highest scoring hospital was a central teaching hospital. Facilities with KMC services are not equally distributed throughout the country. Only 4 regions (Central 1, Central 2, East-Central and Southwest) plus the City of Kampala were identified as having facilities providing KMC services. Conclusion KMC services are not instituted with consistent levels of quality and are often dependent on private partner support. With increasing attention globally and in country, Uganda is in a unique position to accelerate access to and quality of health services for small babies across the country. PMID:25667699

    11. Article Tools Printer-friendly

      E-print Network

      Espinosa, Horacio D.

      Article Tools Printer-friendly E-mail this article Daily News Email Digest News Feeds Join us Nanotube probe for living cells can advance drug discovery Posted: Dec 14th, 2010 Researchers open the door to biological computers Posted: Dec 14th, 2010 Advanced technologies for an ageing population Posted: Dec 14th

    12. Article Tools Printer-friendly

      E-print Network

      Suslick, Kenneth S.

      Article Tools Printer-friendly E-mail this article Daily News Email Digest News Feeds Join us says microchannels could advance tissue engineering methods Posted: Aug 17th, 2009 News > Nanowerk. In an advance toward a long-awaited "electronic tongue," a new sensor can detect up to 14 commonl used

    13. Article Tools Printer-friendly

      E-print Network

      Espinosa, Horacio D.

      Article Tools Printer-friendly E-mail this article Daily News Email Digest News Feeds Join us, 2012 Posted: May 4th, 2012 Next-generation nanoelectronics: A decade of progress, coming advances in extreme environments such as high temperatures or radiation. In an effort to sustain the advance

    14. Article Tools Printer-friendly

      E-print Network

      Rogers, John A.

      Article Tools Printer-friendly E-mail this article Daily News Email Digest Subscribe to Spotlight 15th, 2012 Atomic-scale insights advance research on germanium-based electronics Posted: Aug 14th Posted: August 15, 2012 Electronic sensing with your fingertips (Nanowerk Spotlight) Recent advances

    15. civil & environmental engineering Dear Friends

      E-print Network

      New South Wales, University of

      civil & environmental engineering Dear Friends Welcome to the Winter 2008 edition of the new School increased demand for our civil engineering and civil with architecture programmes. The School's coursework. With industry demand for civil and environmental engineers at an all time high, greater efforts are needed

    16. Family Friends in Homeless Shelters.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      National Council on the Aging, Inc., Washington, DC.

      Family Friends is a nationwide outreach program that enlists the support of senior volunteers in providing nurturing help to children and their parents. Homeless Children is a branch of the program in which volunteers are matched to homeless families with young children, and, during biweekly visits to homeless shelters, become surrogate…

    17. Article Tools Printer-friendly

      E-print Network

      Rogers, John A.

      Article Tools Printer-friendly E-mail this article Daily News Email Digest News Feeds Join us of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). "Our work proposes a very robust method to transfer and print Engineering and Mechanical Engineering at Northwestern's McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science

    18. Free Our Friends in Learning

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Stidham, Sue

      2007-01-01

      Many secrets can be told by the physical surroundings of library media centers. Whether the center is kid-friendly is one of the first obvious tell-tale signs. When a library center has Arthur & D.W., Clifford, Pooh & Eeyore, shells, special rocks, etc. hidden by the circulation center or in the back in boxes, it's time to revolt. The movie Free…

    19. The Child and Family Hospital Experience

      PubMed Central

      Ferguson, Deron; Fryda, Sarah; Rubin, Nicole

      2015-01-01

      Patient and family experiences are important indicators of quality of care and little is known about how family accommodation affects hospital experience. We added questions about accommodation to standardized inpatient pediatric and neonatal intensive care unit family experience surveys at 10 U.S. hospitals to determine the accommodation types used by families, compare characteristics across accommodation types and explore accommodation-type influences on overall hospital experience outcomes. Parents of inpatient children (n = 5,105; 93.4%) most often stayed in the child’s room (76.8%). Parents of neonatal intensive care unit infants (n = 362; 6.6%) most often stayed overnight in their own home or with relatives/friends (47.2%). Accommodation varied based on hospital, parent, and child factors. Accommodation type was a significant predictor for most hospital experience outcomes, with families who stayed at a Ronald McDonald House reporting more positive overall hospital experiences (odds ratios: ranging from 1.83 to 4.86 for contrasted accommodation types and three experience outcomes). PMID:25854957

    20. 75 FR 81789 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby...

      Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

      2010-12-28

      ... . In the Federal Register of October 22, 2008 (73 FR 62965), the Commission published a notice of... samples that are identical in all material respects to the product. The Commission also emphasizes that... Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs is effective on June 28, 2011. The effect of these...

    1. Development of the e-Baby serious game with regard to the evaluation of oxygenation in preterm babies: contributions of the emotional design.

      PubMed

      Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Dias, Danielle Monteiro Vilela; Góes, Fernanda Dos Santos Nogueira; Seixas, Carlos Alberto; Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan; Martins, José Carlos Amado; Rodrigues, Manuel Alves

      2014-09-01

      The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs a clinical evaluation of the respiratory process in a virtual preterm infant. The user learns about the preterm baby's history, chooses the tools for the clinical evaluation, evaluates the baby, and determines whether his/her evaluation is appropriate. The e-Baby game presents phases that contain respiratory process impairments of higher or lower complexity in the virtual preterm baby. Included links give the user the option of recording the entire evaluation procedure and sharing his/her performance on a social network. e-Baby integrates a Clinical Evaluation of the Preterm Baby course in the Moodle virtual environment. This game, which evaluates the respiratory process in preterm infants, could support a more flexible, attractive, and interactive teaching and learning process that includes simulations with features very similar to neonatal unit realities, thus allowing more appropriate training for clinical oxygenation evaluations in at-risk preterm infants. e-Baby allows advanced user-technology-educational interactions because it requires active participation in the process and is emotionally integrated. PMID:25010051

    2. Baby booms, busts, and population ageing in the developed world.

      PubMed

      Reher, David S

      2015-01-01

      The key challenge facing contemporary society is a process of population ageing rooted mainly in past fertility cycles. The goals of the study reported in this paper were (i) to analyse jointly the post-1930s baby boom and the baby bust that followed, (ii) to consider the specific ways this particular combination influenced the process of ageing in different societies, and (iii) to evaluate some possible implications for policy of different historical experiences. Demographic time series for 27 nations in the developed world were used. The main results confirm the importance of the boom and bust fertility cycle of the second half of the twentieth century for population ageing. Some countries will experience ageing processes driven mainly by the growth of elderly populations while others will age largely as a result of declines in working-age populations. These differences underscore the need to tailor policy priorities for specific patterns of ageing. PMID:25912917

    3. Anaerobic cultures from preserved tissues of baby mammoth

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Pikuta, Elena V.; Fisher, Daniel; Hoover, Richard B.

      2011-10-01

      Microbiological analysis of several cold-preserved tissue samples from the Siberian baby mammoth known as Lyuba revealed a number of culturable bacterial strains that were grown on anaerobic media at 3 oC. Lactic acid produced by LAB (lactic acid bacteria) group, usually by members of the genera Carnobacterium and Lactosphera, appears to be a wonderful preservative that keeps other bacteria from colonizing a system. Permafrost and lactic acid preserved the body of this one month-old baby mammoth and kept it in exceptionally good condition, resulting in this mammoth being the most complete sample of the species ever recovered. The diversity of novel psychrophilic anaerobic isolates was expressed on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic levels. Here, we discuss the specifics of the isolation of new psychrophilic strains, differentiation from trivial contamination, and preliminary results for characterization of the cultures.

    4. Anaerobic Cultures from Preserved Tissues of Baby Mammoth

      NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

      Pikuta, Elena V.; Hoover, Richard B.; Fisher, Daniel

      2011-01-01

      Microbiological analysis of several cold-preserved tissue samples from the Siberian baby mammoth known as Lyuba revealed a number of culturable bacterial strains that were grown on anaerobic media at 4 C. Lactic acid produced by LAB (lactic acid bacteria) group, usually by members of the genera Carnobacterium and Lactosphera, appears to be a wonderful preservative that prevents other bacteria from over-dominating a system. Permafrost and lactic acid preserved the body of this one-month old baby mammoth and kept it in exceptionally good condition, resulting in this mammoth being the most complete such specimen ever recovered. The diversity of novel anaerobic isolates was expressed on morphological, physiological and phylogenetic levels. Here we discuss the specifics of the isolation of new strains, differentiation from trivial contamination, and preliminary results for the characterization of cultures.

    5. The macroeconomic impact of the baby boom generation.

      PubMed

      Mcmillan, H M; Baesel, J B

      1990-01-01

      "This paper analyzes the impact of the Baby Boom generation on macroeconomic relationships in the United States. Using quarterly postwar data, it finds that measures of population age composition influenced real interest rates, income, inflation, and unemployment. The demographic variables complement or dominate other economic variables in reduced-form macroeconomic specifications. The paper also projects how the aging of the generation may influence future macroeconomic activity." PMID:12283441

    6. Expression of human angiogenin in cultured baby hamster kidney cells

      SciTech Connect

      Kurachi, K.; Rybak, S.M.; Fett, J.W.; Shapiro, R.; Strydom, D.J.; Olson, K.A.; Riordan, J.F.; Davie, E.W.; Vallee, B.L.

      1988-08-23

      Baby hamster kidney cells were transformed with DNA sequences derived from the gene for human angiogenin. Expression was under the transcriptional control of the inducible mouse metallothionein 1 promoter. Recombinant angiogenin was purified and shown to be chemically, biologically, and enzymatically indistinguishable from the natural product. The large-scale production of recombinant angiogenin achieved should facilitate detailed studies into the structure-function relationships of this potent angiogenic molecule.

    7. Birth parents who relinquished babies for adoption revisited.

      PubMed

      Pannor, R; Baran, A; Sorosky, A D

      1978-09-01

      The fact that adoption records may be opened by court decree to enable adoptees to have access to identifying information about their birth parents makes it incumbent upon those concerned with adoption practices to study the impact of this on adoptees, adoptive parents, birth parents, and professional practice. This paper reports on research addressed to the attitudes and feelings of birth parents years after they relinquished babies for adoption. PMID:744220

    8. A gauged baby Skyrme model and a novel BPS bound

      E-print Network

      C. Adam; C. Naya; J. Sanchez-Guillen; A. Wereszczynski

      2012-09-23

      The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. Its action functional consists of a potential term, a kinetic term quadratic in derivatives (the "nonlinear sigma model term") and the Skyrme term quartic in first derivatives. The limiting case of vanishing sigma model term (the so-called BPS baby Skyrme model) is known to support exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this model. Further, the BPS model has infinitely many symmetries and conservation laws. Recently it was found that the gauged version of the BPS baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term, too, has a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. This BPS bound is determined by a superpotential which has to obey a superpotential equation, in close analogy to the situation in supergravity. Further, the BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a global solution. We also briefly describe some properties of soliton solutions.

    9. A gauged baby Skyrme model and a novel BPS bound

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Adam, C.; Naya, C.; Sanchez-Guillen, J.; Wereszczynski, A.

      2013-02-01

      The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. Its action functional consist of a potential term, a kinetic term quadratic in derivatives (the "nonlinear sigma model term") and the Skyrme term quartic in first derivatives. The limiting case of vanishing sigma model term (the so-called BPS baby Skyrme model) is known to support exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this model. Further, the BPS model has infinitely many symmetries and conservation laws. Recently it was found that the gauged version of the BPS baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term, too, has a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. This BPS bound is determined by a superpotential which has to obey a superpotential equation, in close analogy to the situation in supergravity. Further, the BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a global solution. We also briefly describe some properties of soliton solutions.

    10. [The shaken baby syndrome as a kind of domestic abuse].

      PubMed

      Talarowska, Monika; Florkowski, Antoni; Mossakowska, Joanna; Ga?ecki, Piotr

      2010-07-01

      In the recent decades research on child abuse has grown impressively. Four types of child abuse: physical, psychological (emotional), sexual, and neglect have been clinically observed and defined. In 1972, John Caffey, a pediatric radiologist, published an article on the theory and practice of the abusive shaking of infants. This was followed, in 1974, with a second article on the whiplash shaken baby syndrome (SBS). Shaken baby syndrome, is caused by the violent shaking of a child with or without contact between the child's head and a hard surface. Such contact may result in head trauma, including subdural hematoma, diffuse axonal injury and retinal hemorrhage. The annual estimated rate of inflicted traumatic brain injury is 30 cases per 100,000 children aged 1 year of younger. Shaken baby syndrome often occurs after shaking in response to crying bouts. In 2001, an estimated 903,000 children were victims of SBS. Additionally, 1300 children were fatally injured from SBS the same year. The ability to detect SBS is difficult secondary to under reporting and misdiagnosis. There is no established set of symptoms that indicate SBS. PMID:20712255

    11. Low Birth Weight at Term and Its Determinants in a Tertiary Hospital of Nepal: A Case-Control Study

      PubMed Central

      Sharma, Sudesh Raj; Giri, Smith; Timalsina, Utsav; Bhandari, Sanjiv Sudarshan; Basyal, Bikash; Wagle, Kusum; Shrestha, Laxman

      2015-01-01

      Birth weight of a child is an important indicator of its vulnerability for childhood illness and chances of survival. A large number of infant deaths can be averted by appropriate management of low birth weight babies and prevention of factors associated with low birth weight. The prevalence of low birth weight babies in Nepal is estimated to be about 12-32%.Our study aimed at identifying major determinants of low birth weight among term babies in Nepal. A hospital-based retrospective case control study was conducted in maternity ward of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital from February to July 2011. A total of 155 LBW babies and 310 controls were included in the study. Mothers admitted to maternity ward during the study period were interviewed, medical records were assessed and anthropometric measurements were done. Risk factors, broadly classified into proximal and distal factors, were assessed for any association with birth of low-birth weight babies. Regression analysis revealed that a history of premature delivery (adjusted odds ratio; aOR5.24, CI 1.05-26.28), hard physical work during pregnancy (aOR1.48, CI 0.97-2.26), younger age of mother (aOR1.98, CI 1.15-3.41), mothers with haemoglobin level less than 11gm/dl (aOR0.51, CI0.24-1.07) and lack of consumption of nutritious food during pregnancy (aOR1.99, CI 1.28-3.10) were significantly associated with the birth of LBW babies. These factors should be addressed with appropriate measures so as to decrease the prevalence of low birth weight among term babies in Nepal. PMID:25853813

    12. [Emergency nurse faced with death in pre-hospital situations].

      PubMed

      Hugenschmitt, Delphine; Souquet, Marie-Laure; Lefort, Hugues; Bagur, Jacques; Gueugniaud, Pierre-Yves

      2015-05-01

      The occurrence of a death in the out-of-hospital environment is often brutal and the reactions of the deceased's family and friends, unprepared for this event, can be unpredictable. After the technical procedures have been carried out and within a limited period of intervention, the caregivers, and in particular the nurse of the mobile emergency and intensive care service, must provide the family and friends with support enabling them to begin the grieving process. To help the caregivers in this mission, a pedagogical tool remains to be developed. PMID:26145698

    13. Can hospitals compete on quality? : Hospital competition.

      PubMed

      Sadat, Somayeh; Abouee-Mehrizi, Hossein; Carter, Michael W

      2015-09-01

      In this paper, we consider two hospitals with different perceived quality of care competing to capture a fraction of the total market demand. Patients select the hospital that provides the highest utility, which is a function of price and the patient's perceived quality of life during their life expectancy. We consider a market with a single class of patients and show that depending on the market demand and perceived quality of care of the hospitals, patients may enjoy a positive utility. Moreover, hospitals share the market demand based on their perceived quality of care and capacity. We also show that in a monopoly market (a market with a single hospital) the optimal demand captured by the hospital is independent of the perceived quality of care. We investigate the effects of different parameters including the market demand, hospitals' capacities, and perceived quality of care on the fraction of the demand that each hospital captures using some numerical examples. PMID:25711185

    14. HOSPITALITY APPROVAL FORM DATE: __________________________

      E-print Network

      Maxwell, Bruce D.

      HOSPITALITY APPROVAL FORM DATE: __________________________ PERMISSION IS REQUESTED TO USE __ASMSU ___________________________________ DATE ______________ (Valid for FUNDS 426XXX through 429999 and 4WXXXX) *****THE HOSPITALITY APPROVAL refreshments or meals served during seminars, workshops, professional meetings, or conferences. Hospitality

    15. HOSPITALITY APPROVAL FORM DATE: __________________________

      E-print Network

      Maxwell, Bruce D.

      HOSPITALITY APPROVAL FORM DATE: __________________________ PERMISSION IS REQUESTED TO USE ___________________________________ DATE ______________ (Valid for FUNDS 426XXX through 429999 and 4WXXXX) *****THE HOSPITALITY APPROVAL refreshments or meals served during seminars, workshops, professional meetings, or conferences. Hospitality

    16. The first case of Kawasaki disease in a 20-month old baby following immunization with rotavirus vaccine and hepatitis A vaccine in China: A case report.

      PubMed

      Yin, Shi; Liubao, Peng; Chongqing, Tan; Xiaomin, Wan

      2015-11-01

      Kawasaki disease (KD) after rotavirus and hepatitis A vaccination has not previously been reported in a baby in China. Herein, we describe a 20-month-old child who developed Kawasaki disease after receiving her second dose of Lanzhou lamb rotavirus vaccine (LLR) and her first dose of freeze-dried live attenuated hepatitis A vaccine. The case report was conducted by collecting and analyzing the hospital in-patient medical records and reviewing both the domestic and foreign pertinent literature. These findings will be important to note this possible side effect and to further investigate the association between the above 2 vaccines and Kawasaki disease. PMID:26158590

    17. Epidural anaesthesia through caudal catheters for inguinal herniotomies in awake ex-premature babies.

      PubMed

      Peutrell, J M; Hughes, D G

      1993-02-01

      Ex-premature babies are at risk of apnoea after surgery. Regional anaesthesia has been used as an alternative to general anaesthesia for some surgical procedures in the belief that it may be safer. However, single dose caudal epidural and subarachnoid anaesthetics have a duration of action which may be insufficient for some operations. The level and duration of anaesthesia can be extended if local anaesthetic is given through an epidural catheter. In addition, the dose needed to provide adequate anaesthesia may be lower because the local anaesthetic is given at an appropriate segmental level. We report our experience of caudal epidural anaesthesia in nine, awake ex-premature babies who were having inguinal herniotomies. The anaesthesia was excellent in six babies. Two babies cried briefly with peritoneal or spermatic cord traction. One other baby needed supplementation with nitrous oxide in oxygen in order to complete the surgery. The majority of babies slept throughout surgery. There were no reported postoperative complications. PMID:8460759

    18. The acceptability and feasibility of the Baby Triple P Positive Parenting Programme on a mother and baby unit: Q-methodology with mothers with severe mental illness.

      PubMed

      Butler, Hannah; Hare, Dougal; Walker, Samantha; Wieck, Angelika; Wittkowski, Anja

      2014-10-01

      New mothers with severe mental illness (SMI) frequently experience significant difficulties in caring for their babies. There are no structured, evidence-based interventions that guide health professionals to help these women improve early parenting. The extensively researched and effective Triple P Positive Parenting Programme has recently been expanded to families with children less than 1 year old, which provides an opportunity to develop the intervention for women with severe postnatal mental illness. This study explored the views of mothers with SMI about the acceptability and feasibility of Baby Triple P (Baby TP) in the setting of a psychiatric Mother and Baby Unit (MBU). An 88-item Q-sort was conducted with a purposive sample of 15 mothers using Q-methodology. Three main factors were identified: 'what we need', 'what we want' and 'we can do it'. A consensus was noted with general agreement about the benefits of Baby TP, and suitability of the MBU environment to accommodate Baby TP. Baby TP was viewed as an acceptable and feasible parenting intervention and deemed positive and non-stigmatising. Mothers requested more staff awareness and knowledge about the programme so that they were supported in learning and generalising skills. PMID:24827076

    19. Quantitation of baby wipes lotion transfer to premature and neonatal skin.

      PubMed

      Hossain, Md Monir; Jones, Jennifer M; Dey, Swatee; Carr, Gregory J; Visscher, Marty O

      2015-10-01

      Exposure to topically applied substances occurs routinely in premature and hospitalized infant care. Safety determinations are most accurate when exposures are based on appropriately designed studies to capture variations in practice patterns and population heterogeneity. Current safety assessments may not reflect actual practice resulting in overly conservative or understated default assumptions for toxicological determinations. We quantified the amount of baby wipes lotion transferred to premature and term neonatal skin as grams/kg body weight/day. We observed the soil type and number of wipes used for skin cleansing and measured lotion transfer from one wipe applied to freshly clean, dry skin. A Bayesian imputation approach was applied to compute lotion exposure and produce summary statistics. Model covariates were age and weight at evaluation, gender, soil type, soil amount, and number of diaper changes per day. Lotion transfer was measured for 66 premature and 55 term neonates with 449 and 254 evaluations, respectively. The wipes per day was 12.52 overall (all infants and soils), 12.78 for premature and 12.21 for term neonates. Lotion transfer was 0.20 g/kg/day (95th percentile) overall, 0.21 for premature and 0.19 for term neonates. The statistical and experimental methodology represents an effective strategy for determining exposure and assessing risk. PMID:26285167

    20. Friends Don’t Let Friends Eat Cookies: Effects of Restrictive Eating Norms on Consumption Among Friends

      PubMed Central

      Howland, Maryhope; Hunger, Jeffrey; Mann, Traci

      2012-01-01

      Social norms are thought to be a strong influence over eating, but this hypothesis has only been experimentally tested with groups of strangers, and correlational studies using actual friends lack important controls. We manipulate an eating norm in the laboratory and explore its influence within established friendships. In two studies we randomly assigned groups of three friends to a restrictive norm condition, in which two of the friends were secretly instructed to restrict their intake of appetizing foods, or a control condition, in which the friends were not instructed to restrict their eating. The third friend’s consumption was measured while eating with the other two friends and while eating alone. In both studies, participants consumed less food when eating with friends who had been given restricting instructions compared to those who had not been given those instructions. In Study 2, participants who ate with restricting friends also continued to restrict their eating when alone. Experimentally manipulating social norms within established friendships is possible, and these norms can influence consumption in those social groups and carry over into non-social eating situations. These findings may suggest mechanisms through which eating behaviors may spread through social networks, as well as an environmental factor that may be amenable to change. PMID:22771755