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Breastfeeding practices in baby friendly hospitals of Indore  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interview based cross sectional study was conducted in two of the designated Baby Friendly Hospitals of Indore in the year\\u000a 2008. None of the hospitals were having a written breastfeeding policy, which is routinely communicated to all the health\\u000a workers and no regular training regarding the Programme was being imparted. There is a need to develop a BFHI Monitoring

Richa Nigam; Manish Nigam; R. R. Wavre; Ajit Deshpande; R. K. Chandorkar



Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: evaluation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To asses the performance of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an university hospital. METHODS: Descriptive and quantitative research, in which 103 people were interviewed in the outpatient prenatal clinic, in the maternity-ward and in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Vitória, Southeast Brazil. The "Institutional Self-Evaluation Questionnaire" of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative was applied. Using this tool, the outcome was measured by the concordance index (CI) proposed by the World Health Organization and by the United Nations Children's Fund. RESULTS: Although the hospital does not have a policy that addresses promotion, protection and support for breastfeeding, 93.3% of the mothers had contact with their babies immediately after birth (step 4), 83.3% of the professionals guided mothers how to breastfeed (step 5), 86.6% of the neonates did not receive any food or drink other than breast milk (step 6), 100% of babies were housed together with their mothers (step 7), 83.3% of the women were encouraged for breastfeeding on demand (step 8) and 100% of the infants did not use bottles or pacifiers (step 9). CONCLUSIONS: 60% of the steps were completed by the hospital. The greatest difficulty was to inform pregnant women about the importance and the management of breastfeeding (step 3). Therefore, visits to pregnant women are recommended, in order to prepare them for breastfeeding and to explain about the infants' healthy feeding habits. PMID:24473954

Lopes, Soraia da Silva; Laignier, Mariana Rabello; Primo, Cândida Caniçali; Leite, Franciéle Marabotti C.



The role of the nurse-physician leadership dyad in implementing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative.  


The concept of the nurse-physician leadership dyad incorporates the expertise of both nurses and physicians as leaders of change within health system environments. The leadership dyad model has been used traditionally in health care administrative settings to manage utilization of resources more effectively. Because the Baby-Friendly designation requires major cultural shifts in long-standing maternity care practices, an interdisciplinary approach to implementation is necessary. PMID:24939200

St Fleur, Rose; McKeever, Joyce



Donor milk banking in China: the ultimate step in becoming baby friendly.  


Milk banking is alive and well in China in small in-house milk banks in Baby Friendly Hospitals, especially those where staff has had little contact with western medical training. Donor milk banking is a logical extension of Step 6 of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative and is a good indicator of a hospital's respect for breastfeeding and its understanding of the unique components of human milk. PMID:9025450

Arnold, L D



Factors Influencing the Intention of Perinatal Nurses to Adopt the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in Southeastern Quebec, Canada: Implications for Practice  

PubMed Central

Nurses play a major role in promoting the baby-friendly hospital initiative (BFHI), yet the adoption of this initiative by nurses remains a challenge in many countries, despite evidences of its positive impacts on breastfeeding outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing perinatal nurses to adopt the BFHI in their practice. Methods. A sample of 159 perinatal nurses from six hospital-based maternity centers completed a survey based on the theory of planned behavior. Hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses were performed to assess the relationship between key independent variables and nurses' intention to adopt the BFHI in their practice. A discriminant analysis of nurses' beliefs helped identify the targets of actions to foster the adoption the BFHI among nurses. Results. The participants are mainly influenced by factors pertaining to their perceived capacity to overcome the strict criteria of the BFHI, the mothers' approval of a nursing practice based on the BFHI, and the antenatal preparation of the mothers. Conclusions. This study provides theory-based evidence for the development of effective interventions aimed at promoting the adoption of the BFHI in nurses' practice. PMID:25101173



The Baby-Friendly Initiative: Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding  

PubMed Central

Breastfeeding confers extensive and well-established benefits and is recognized as an extremely effective preventative health measure for both mothers and babies. Except in very few specific medical situations, breastfeeding should be universally encouraged for all mothers and infants. To improve worldwide breastfeeding initiation and duration rates, the WHO and UNICEF launched the Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) in 1991. The goal was to protect, promote and support breastfeeding by adherence to the WHO’s “Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding”. Since then, more than 20,000 hospitals in 156 countries have achieved Baby-Friendly status, with a resultant increase in both breastfeeding initiation and duration. Still, only 500 hospitals are currently designated Baby-Friendly in industrialized countries, including 37 health centres or health authorities in Canada. Health care practitioners have a unique and influential role in promoting and supporting breastfeeding. Provincial and territorial government leadership is essential to ensuring implementation of the BFI in all health care facilities delivering services to families with young children. PMID:23730170

Pound, Catherine M; Unger, Sharon L



[Creating baby-friendly neonatal intensive care units].  


Most expectant parents anticipate giving birth to a healthy newborn. Admission of a neonate to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is thus nearly always a significant and negative shock to parents and family members. We derived core concepts for this article from the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund (WHO/UNICEF)'s Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative: Revised, updated, and expanded for integrated care (2009). This framework document advocates expanding to NICUs guidelines that were originally developed for maternity units. This paper reviews the importance of breastfeeding to the mother-baby dyad and family integration. We suggest how to build a breastfeeding-friendly environment within the NICU using 10 steps that adhere to the NEO-BFHI's three "Guiding Principles". The proposed environment gives special emphasis to providing continued and unlimited kangaroo care, creating a family-centered NICU design, implementing an effective milk expression and monitoring plan, and respecting mothers' individual needs. Suggestions are provided as a reference to government policymakers and medical centers to facilitate the creation of breastfeeding-friendly environments in NICUs. PMID:23386520

Wang, Shu-Fang; Gau, Meei-Ling



Workshop to implement the baby-friendly office initiative. Effect on community physicians' offices.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a self-appraisal questionnaire and a workshop for office staff in promoting the baby-friendly office (BFO). DESIGN: A two-times-three factorial design with a delayed workshop for one of two groups: an early intervention group who attended a workshop for office staff in October 1997 (n = 23) and a late-intervention group who attended in April 1998 (n = 23). Self-appraisals were completed before the workshops by all participants in October 1997, by 37 offices in April 1998, and by 34 offices in October 1998. SETTING: Offices of family physicians and primary care pediatricians in Hamilton-Wentworth, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: Staff of 46 offices; 74% (34/46) completed all three assessments. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Degree of change in implementing each of the "10 Steps to Baby-Friendly Office" and overall average BFO score received by each office. RESULTS: Of the 34 offices completing all assessments, none followed all 10 steps. Initial mean score was 4.4 steps (standard deviation 1.4, n = 46). The workshop intervention improved overall mean scores from 4.3 to 5.6 (P < .001, n = 37). Although office staff completed the BFO self-appraisal tool, it alone had no effect on scores. Areas of improvement were noted in providing information to patients and displaying posters to promote breastfeeding. Key steps, such as not advertising breast milk substitutes and not distributing free formula, did not change. CONCLUSION: The workshop effected a modest but positive change in breastfeeding promotion. The change was maintained at 6 and 12 months after the intervention. PMID:10845135

Shariff, F.; Levitt, C.; Kaczorowski, J.; Wakefield, J.; Dawson, H.; Sheehan, D.; Sellors, J.



A Controlled Study on Baby-Friendly Communities in Italy: Methods and Baseline Data  

PubMed Central

Abstract Aim This study reports the research methods and baseline data of a project aimed at assessing the effect of an intervention based on the 7 Steps of the Baby Friendly Community Initiative (BFCI) on the rate of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months in Italy. Subjects and Methods In this controlled, nonrandomized study, nine Local Health Authorities were assigned to an early and nine to a late intervention group. Data on breastfeeding in infants followed up from birth to 12 months were gathered at baseline and in two subsequent rounds, after the 7 Steps were implemented in the early and late intervention groups, respectively. Step-down logistic regression analysis, corrected for the cluster effect, was used to compare breastfeeding rates between groups. Results At baseline, there were no significant differences in breastfeeding rates at birth (n=1,781) and at 3 (n=1,854), 6 (n=1,601), and 12 (n=1,510; loss to follow-up, 15.2%) months between groups. At birth, 96% of mothers initiated breastfeeding, 72% exclusively (recall from birth). At 3 months, 77% of infants were breastfed, 54% exclusively with 24-hour and 46% with 7-day recall. At 6 months, the rate of any breastfeeding was 62%, with 10% and 7% exclusive breastfeeding with 24-hour and 7-day recall, respectively. At 12 months, 31% of the children continued to breastfeed. Conclusions The project is ongoing and will allow estimation of the effect of the BFCI. PMID:23398142

Macaluso, Anna; Bettinelli, Maria Enrica; Chapin, Elise M.; Córdova do Espírito Santo, Lílian; Mascheroni, Rita; Murante, Anna Maria; Montico, Marcella



[The family-friendly hospital: (how) does it work?].  


The demographic development in Germany is heading towards a significant shortage in specialists within the next 10-15 years with an increased demand for health services at the same time. The three-stage model of family life planning (work, family phase, return) will also be gradually replaced by a model of simultaneous compatibility of family and work. This change in values, although initiated by the parents themselves, may turn out to be a crucial countermeasure in national economy against the demography-related loss of qualified personnel. For these three trends the economic need arises to minimize family-related absence of our well-trained, motivated and reliable doctors from the clinical departments through implementation of family-friendly human resources policies and supporting measures by the employers. In a representative survey 26% of respondents with children had in the past already changed their workplace to ensure a better match of work and family duties. In this regard the compatibility of family and professional responsibilities had a higher impact on the selection of the employer than a high income. Accordingly, a work-life competence oriented business plan will represent the crucial factor within the competition between universities, hospitals and professional disciplines to attract high potential bearers although a sustained change of the traditional hospital culture is mandatory. Anaesthesia-related fields of development regarding family-friendly corporate governance are working hours and organization of work, part-time jobs even for managers and fathers, and staff development. In the hospital daily routine, in particular, creative solutions meeting the local demands are deemed necessary that do not involve the use of high financial resources. Family-friendly personnel policy not only arises from altruistic enthusiasm but also pays off economically. This article discusses the necessity, opportunities and threads of family-oriented hospital management and fields of action for anaesthesia departments. PMID:19484192

Heller, A R; Heller, S C



Shaken baby syndrome in Canada: clinical characteristics and outcomes of hospital cases  

PubMed Central

Background Shaken baby syndrome is an extremely serious form of abusive head trauma, the extent of which is unknown in Canada. Our objective was to describe, from a national perspective, the clinical characteristics and outcome of children admitted to hospital with shaken baby syndrome. Methods We performed a retrospective chart review, for the years 1988–1998, of the cases of shaken baby syndrome that were reported to the child protection teams of 11 pediatric tertiary care hospitals in Canada. Shaken baby syndrome was defined as any case reported at each institution of intracranial, intraocular or cervical spine injury resulting from a substantiated or suspected shaking, with or without impact, in children aged less than 5 years. Results The median age of subjects was 4.6 months (range 7 days to 58 months), and 56% were boys. Presenting complaints for the 364 children identified as having shaken baby syndrome were nonspecific (seizure-like episode [45%], decreased level of consciousness [43%] and respiratory difficulty [34%]), though bruising was noted on examination in 46%. A history and/or clinical evidence of previous maltreatment was noted in 220 children (60%), and 80 families (22%) had had previous involvement with child welfare authorities. As a direct result of the shaking, 69 children died (19%) and, of those who survived, 162 (55%) had ongoing neurological injury and 192 (65%) had visual impairment. Only 65 (22%) of those who survived were considered to show no signs of health or developmental impairment at the time of discharge. Interpretation Shaken baby syndrome results in an extremely high degree of mortality and morbidity. Ongoing care of these children places a substantial burden on the medical system, caregivers and society. PMID:12538542

King, W. James; MacKay, Morag; Sirnick, Angela



Migrant-friendly hospitals: a paediatric perspective - improving hospital care for migrant children  

PubMed Central

Background The European Union (EU) Migrant-Friendly Hospital (MFH) Initiative, introduced in 2002, promotes the adoption of care approaches adapted to meet the service needs of migrants. However, for paediatric hospitals, no specific recommendations have been offered for MFH care for children. Using the Swiss MFH project as a case study, this paper aims to identify hospital-based care needs of paediatric migrants (PMs) and good service approaches. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with principal project leaders of five paediatric hospitals participating in the Swiss MFH project. A review of the international literature on non-clinical hospital service needs and service responses of paediatric MFHs was conducted. Results Paediatric care can be complex, usually involving both the patient and the patient’s family. Key challenges include differing levels of acculturation between parents and children; language barriers; cultural differences between patient and provider; and time constraints. Current service and infrastructural responses include interpretation services for PMs and parents, translated information material, and special adaptations to ensure privacy, e.g., during breastfeeding. Clear standards for paediatric migrant-friendly hospitals (P-MFH) are lacking. Conclusions International research on hospital care for migrant children is scarce. The needs of paediatric migrants and their families may differ from guidance for adults. Paediatric migrant needs should be systematically identified and used to inform paediatric hospital care approaches. Hospital processes from admission to discharge should be revised to ensure implementation of migrant-sensitive approaches suitable for children. Staff should receive adequate support, such as training, easily available interpreters and sufficient consultation time, to be able to provide migrant-friendly paediatric services. The involvement of migrant groups may be helpful. Improving the quality of care for PMs at both policy and service levels is an investment in the future that will benefit native and migrant families. PMID:24093461



Ten steps or climbing a mountain: A study of Australian health professionals' perceptions of implementing the baby friendly health initiative to protect, promote and support breastfeeding  

PubMed Central

Background The Baby Friendly Hospital (Health) Initiative (BFHI) is a global initiative aimed at protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding and is based on the ten steps to successful breastfeeding. Worldwide, over 20,000 health facilities have attained BFHI accreditation but only 77 Australian hospitals (approximately 23%) have received accreditation. Few studies have investigated the factors that facilitate or hinder implementation of BFHI but it is acknowledged this is a major undertaking requiring strategic planning and change management throughout an institution. This paper examines the perceptions of BFHI held by midwives and nurses working in one Area Health Service in NSW, Australia. Methods The study used an interpretive, qualitative approach. A total of 132 health professionals, working across four maternity units, two neonatal intensive care units and related community services, participated in 10 focus groups. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results Three main themes were identified: 'Belief and Commitment'; 'Interpreting BFHI' and 'Climbing a Mountain'. Participants considered the BFHI implementation a high priority; an essential set of practices that would have positive benefits for babies and mothers both locally and globally as well as for health professionals. It was considered achievable but would take commitment and hard work to overcome the numerous challenges including a number of organisational constraints. There were, however, differing interpretations of what was required to attain BFHI accreditation with the potential that misinterpretation could hinder implementation. A model described by Greenhalgh and colleagues on adoption of innovation is drawn on to interpret the findings. Conclusion Despite strong support for BFHI, the principles of this global strategy are interpreted differently by health professionals and further education and accurate information is required. It may be that the current processes used to disseminate and implement BFHI need to be reviewed. The findings suggest that there is a contradiction between the broad philosophical stance and best practice approach of this global strategy and the tendency for health professionals to focus on the ten steps as a set of tasks or a checklist to be accomplished. The perceived procedural approach to implementation may be contributing to lower rates of breastfeeding continuation. PMID:21878131



Development of a baby friendly non-contact method for measuring vital signs: First results of clinical measurements in an open incubator at a neonatal intensive care unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For infants and neonates in an incubator vital signs, such as heart rate, breathing, skin temperature and blood oxygen saturation are measured by sensors and electrodes sticking to the skin. This can damage the vulnerable skin of neonates and cause infections. In addition, the wires interfere with the care and hinder the parents in holding and touching the baby. These problems initiated the search for baby friendly 'non-contact' measurement of vital signs. Using a sensitive color video camera and specially developed software, the heart rate was derived from subtle repetitive color changes. Potentially also respiration and oxygen saturation could be obtained. A thermal camera was used to monitor the temperature distribution of the whole body and detect small temperature variations around the nose revealing the respiration rate. After testing in the laboratory, seven babies were monitored (with parental consent) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) simultaneously with the regular monitoring equipment. From the color video recordings accurate heart rates could be derived and the thermal images provided accurate respiration rates. To correct for the movements of the baby, tracking software could be applied. At present, the image processing was performed off-line. Using narrow band light sources also non-contact blood oxygen saturation could be measured. Non-contact monitoring of vital signs has proven to be feasible and can be developed into a real time system. Besides the application on the NICU non-contact vital function monitoring has large potential for other patient groups.

Klaessens, John H.; van den Born, Marlies; van der Veen, Albert; Sikkens-van de Kraats, Janine; van den Dungen, Frank A.; Verdaasdonk, Rudolf M.



Your Premature Baby  


... stay warm. Can breastfeed or bottle-feed Gains weight steadily (1/2 to 1 ounce each day) Can breathe on his own Your baby may need special equipment , treatment or medicine after he leaves the hospital . Your baby’s provider and the staff ...


A system-wide analysis using a senior-friendly hospital framework identifies current practices and opportunities for improvement in the care of hospitalized older adults.  


Older adults are vulnerable to hospital-associated complications such as falls, pressure ulcers, functional decline, and delirium, which can contribute to prolonged hospital stay, readmission, and nursing home placement. These vulnerabilities are exacerbated when the hospital's practices, services, and physical environment are not sufficiently mindful of the complex, multidimensional needs of frail individuals. Several frameworks have emerged to help hospitals examine how organization-wide processes can be customized to avoid these complications. This article describes the application of one such framework-the Senior-Friendly Hospital (SFH) framework adopted in Ontario, Canada-which comprises five interrelated domains: organizational support, processes of care, emotional and behavioral environment, ethics in clinical care and research, and physical environment. This framework provided the blueprint for a self-assessment of all 155 adult hospitals across the province of Ontario. The system-wide analysis identified practice gaps and promising practices within each domain of the SFH framework. Taken together, these results informed 12 recommendations to support hospitals at all stages of development in becoming friendly to older adults. Priorities for system-wide action were identified, encouraging hospitals to implement or further develop their processes to better address hospital-acquired delirium and functional decline. These recommendations led to collaborative action across the province, including the development of an online toolkit and the identification of accountability indicators to support hospitals in quality improvement focusing on senior-friendly care. PMID:25355067

Wong, Ken S; Ryan, David P; Liu, Barbara A



Hospitals' response to the buckle-up baby legislation in Ontario.  


Drivers in Ontario are legally responsible to ensure that infants and toddlers are restrained in a child safety seat or by a lap belt. In 1982 the minister of health sent a memorandum to all medical officers of health and the administrators and medical directors of all public hospitals in Ontario, urging them to encourage and assist parents in protecting their newborn children with safety seats. In 1983 the Toronto General Hospital established the Cooperative Hospital Infant Restraint Program (CHIRP) to study the feasibility of a "loaner" program for hospitals in metropolitan Toronto. The authors describe CHIRP and its objectives. They also report the results of a questionnaire they sent in 1984 to all Ontario hospitals that had a newborn or pediatric service to assess their response to the minister's memorandum. PMID:3768820

Lawee, D; Stoughton, W V



A 12-year ophthalmologic experience with the shaken baby syndrome at a regional children's hospital.  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE: To examine the ophthalmologic experience with the shaken baby syndrome (SBS) at one medical center, including clinical findings, autopsy findings, and the visual outcome of survivors. METHODS: One hundred sixteen patients admitted from 1987 to 1998 for subdural hematomas of the brain secondary to abuse were included. RESULTS: Retinal hemorrhages were detected in 84% of the children, but this important finding had been missed often by nonophthalmologists. Poor visual response, poor pupillary response, and retinal hemorrhage correlated strongly with demise of the child. One child who died had pigmented retinal scars from previous abuse, a condition not previously observed histopathologically. The clinical and autopsy findings varied somewhat, probably because of the differing conditions for examination. No correlation could be made between computerized tomography scans done during life and the subdural hemorrhage of the optic nerve found on autopsy. Half of the surviving patients were known to have good vision. One fourth of the patients had poor vision, largely due to cerebral visual impairment from bilateral injury posterior to the optic chiasm. Severe neurologic impairment correlated highly with loss of vision. CONCLUSION: This series provides information on the frequency of eye findings in SBS patients. No fundus finding is pathognomonic for SBS. When retinal hemorrhages are found in young children, the likelihood that abuse occurred is very high. The difficulty that nonophthalmologists have in detecting retinal hemorrhage may be an important limiting factor in finding these children so they may be protected from further abuse. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 PMID:10703141

Kivlin, J D



A “Migrant Friendly Hospital” Initiative in Geneva, Switzerland: Evaluation of the Effects on Staff Knowledge and Practices  

PubMed Central

Background International migration poses important challenges to European health care systems. The development of “migrant friendly hospitals” has been identified as a priority in both Europe and Switzerland. Methods A multi-pronged initiative was developed at Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) to improve staff knowledge and use of existing “migrant friendly” resources. A self-administered questionnaire was sent pre and post-intervention to random samples of 4 major professional groups with direct patient contact at the HUG. The questionnaire assessed staff knowledge, attitudes and reported practices regarding the care of migrant patients. Results Overall response rate was 51% (N?=?1460) in 2010 but only 19% (N?=?761) in 2013 owing to an institutionally imposed change in survey method. Despite these difficulties, and after adjusting for sample differences, we found that respondents in 2013 were significantly more likely to have received training in how to organize an appointment with an interpreter, how to work with an interpreter and about health and social services available for migrant patients. Respondents were also significantly more likely to have used several Migrant Friendly structures at the HUG. Use of, preference for and perceived skill at working with professional interpreters all improved, and respondents were both more likely to be encouraged by their supervisors to use professional interpreters, and less likely to be encouraged to look for alternative solutions for communicating with non francophone patients. Finally, 2013 respondents encountered fewer difficulties caring for migrant patients, although lack of time and language barriers continued to be the most important sources of difficulty. Conclusion Our results suggest that an institution-wide information campaign may contribute to increased awareness and use of migrant friendly resources by clinical staff. Hospital commitment and financing, along with inter-departmental participation in all activities were important in creating and maintaining project visibility, and in contributing to a migrant friendly institutional culture. PMID:25198063

Hudelson, Patricia; Dominice Dao, Melissa; Perneger, Thomas; Durieux-Paillard, Sophie



O Método Mãe Canguru em hospitais públicos do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil: uma análise do processo de implantação Kangaroo Mother Care in public hospitals in the State of São Paulo, Brazil: an analysis of the implementation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzed the implementation of the Kangaroo Mother method in 28 different São Paulo State public hospitals. Teaching hospi- tals, Baby-Friendly Hospitals, hospitals with human milk banks, and those with more than 12 trained health professionals showed higher implementation scores. Because of staff resis- tance to family participation in neonatal care, the Kangaroo Mother method is basically ap- plied

Ana Júlia Colameo; Marina Ferreira Rea


Supporting Fathers in a NICU: Effects of the HUG Your Baby Program on Fathers’ Understanding of Preterm Infant Behavior  

PubMed Central

Fathers of preterm babies in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are under stress. Lack of knowledge about a preterm infant’s behavior challenges new fathers who may be required to make decisions about the hospitalized infant, to update concerned family and friends, and to provide support to the mother while she recovers from giving birth. The NICU nurses have the opportunity to support and guide these new fathers, although no previous research has confirmed how to do so effectively. This study confirmed that using The HUG Your Baby DVD and family-friendly educational program with fathers of preterm babies in a NICU increased fathers’ knowledge of infant behavior and, as previous research suggests, is likely to boost fathers’ confidence and to promote the parent–child relationship and strengthen the family unit. PMID:24421604

Kadivar, Maliheh; Mozafarinia, Seyedeh Maryam



Your Baby's Environment  


... community. Home > Baby > Your baby's environment Your baby's environment Keep your baby away from harmful products and ... added to your dashboard . Protecting your baby from environmental hazards You want your home to be safe ...


Babies and diarrhea  


Diarrhea and babies ... be difficult to tell when your baby has diarrhea. Most babies have a stool pattern that is ... following to help decide whether your baby has diarrhea: A sudden increase in how often your baby ...


Baby Tales  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site helps students learn about the conception and development of various baby animals. Users can click on "breeding" to get some basic information about the different factors that determine the breeding period. They can then click on the breeding calendar and maneuver through all the months with the orange arrows on each side. The calendar has various animals listed in their correct breeding time. Students can click on an animal to bring up information on that animal's breeding season, number of babies in a litter, and weaning time. Next, students can click on "gestation" to receive some basic information about the development of the baby. They can then click on the gestation graph to see how long each baby takes to develop from conception to birth. Again, students will navigate through this graph using the arrows on each side of the graph.

Science NetLinks (PBS;)



Man's best friend?: a review of the Austin Hospital's experience with dog bites.  


A retrospective study of outpatient casualty-department attendances and inpatient hospital admissions for dog-bite wounds was undertaken. Alsatians were the offending dog in 47% of 34 recorded cases. The majority of patients were young; 73% of patients were less than 30 years of age. The upper limb was bitten most frequently (53% of bites). Eleven per cent of dog-bite wounds that were treated in casualty became infected. Upper limb and puncture wounds more often became infected. Prophylactic antibiotic treatment was associated with a 6% infection rate compared with an 18% infection rate in those who were not treated (not statistically significant; P greater than 0.1). Patients of over the age of 45 years had a higher complication rate. All these findings are consistent with other published series. The infection rate was minimal when patients were admitted to hospital and their wounds debrided and closed by a consultant plastic surgeon. A plan for the management of dog-bite wounds is outlined. PMID:3696038

Thomas, P R; Buntine, J A


Breastfeeding Your Baby  


How does breastfeeding benefit my baby? Breastfeeding benefits your baby in the following ways: • Breast milk provides the perfect mix of ... health problems that preterm babies face. How does breastfeeding my baby benefit me? Breastfeeding is good for ...


Your Body After Baby: The First 6 Weeks  


... vegetables, whole-grain breads and pasta, and lean meat and chicken. Limit sweets and foods with a lot of fat. Ask your partner, family and friends for help with the baby and around the house. When ...


Making Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed to introduce learners to genes, genotypes and simple inheritance patterns. In this activity, learners make guesses about their own genotype, create gametes from their genotypes, then make “babies” with a partner. Along the way, learners discover answers to the questions such as: What are genes? How are genes (and traits) passed on? How are gametes different than other cells in our body? Why don’t siblings look alike? This activity is designed to be used in conjunction with the "Human Traits" activity from the same resource but can be used alone.

Irene Salter



Hazards of baby walkers in a European context  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify conditions related to baby walker injuries in a Greek population. DESIGN: Analysis of all baby walker related injuries recorded during a 12 month period by the childhood injury surveillance system established in one of the two teaching hospitals for children serving the population of Athens. SETTING: Emergency clinics of A Kyriakou Children's Hospital in Athens, Greece. SUBJECTS:

E. Petridou; E. Simou; C. Skondras; G. Pistevos; P. Lagos; G. Papoutsakis




NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyCenter, provided by BabyCenter, Inc., aims to be a clearinghouse of information for expectant or new parents. Users can consult the Baby Monitor (digests of late breaking news), an interactive baby namer, an Ask the Experts section, and several relevant calculators (including an immunization scheduler, a due date calculator, and a budgeting for baby estimator). The site also contains various short articles in six major areas including pregnancy, family life, and working parents.



PubMed Central

Background Approximately 3.2 million hospital stays annually involve a person with dementia, leading to higher costs, longer lengths of stay and poorer outcomes. Older adults with dementia are vulnerable when hospitals are unable to meet their special needs. Methods We developed, implemented and evaluated a training program for 540 individuals at 4 community hospitals. Pre-test, post-test and a 120-day delayed post-test were collected to assess knowledge, confidence and practice parameters. Results The mean age of the sample was 46y; 83% were Caucasian, 90% were female and 60% were nurses. Upon completion, there were significant gains (p’s <.001) in knowledge and confidence in recognizing, assessing and managing dementia. Attendees reported gains in communication skills and strategies to improve the hospital environment, patient safety and behavioral management. At 120 days, 3 of 4 hospitals demonstrated maintenance of confidence. In the hospital that demonstrated lower knowledge and confidence scores, the sample was older and had more nurses and more years in practice. Conclusion We demonstrate the feasibility of training hospital staff about dementia and its impact on patient outcomes. At baseline, there was low knowledge and confidence in the ability to care for dementia patients. Training had an immediate impact on knowledge, confidence and attitudes with lasting impact in 3 of 4 hospitals. We identified targets for intervention and the need for ongoing training and administrative reinforcement in order to sustain behavioral change. Community resources, such as local chapters of the Alzheimer’s Association, may be key community partners in improving care outcomes for hospitalized persons with dementia. PMID:20625267

Galvin, James E.; Kuntemeier, Barbara; Al-Hammadi, Noor; Germino, Jessica; Murphy-White, Maggie; McGillick, Janis



Your Colicky Baby  


... of swallowing too much air while crying. Some theories suggest that colic occurs when food moves too ... baby's digestive system or is incompletely digested. Other theories are that colic is due to a baby's ...


Short term outcome in babies refused perinatal intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To compare the mortality in babies refused admission to a regional perinatal centre with that in babies accepted for intensive care in the centre. DESIGN--Retrospective study with group comparison. SETTING--Based at the Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, with follow up of patients in all obstetric units in Northern Ireland. PATIENTS--Requests for transfer of 675 babies to the regional perinatal centre (prenatally

H. Sidhu; R. N. Heasley; C. C. Patterson; H. L. Halliday; W. Thompson



The Health Literacy Environment of Hospitals and Health Centers. Partners for Action: Making Your Healthcare Facility Literacy-Friendly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "health literacy environment" of a healthcare facility represents the expectations, preferences, and skills of those providing health information and services. Some of these demands are in the form of physical aspects of the hospital or health center, such as signs and postings. At the same time, access to and navigation of health services…

Rudd, Rima E.; Anderson, Jennie E.



Using Blood Tests to Identify Babies and Criminals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn the genetics and immunobiology of the ABO blood type system, using simple chemicals and logical reasoning to solve a murder mystery and to determine whether two babies were switched in the hospital.

Doherty, Jennifer; Waldron, Ingrid


Baby walkers . . . time to take a stand?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experience in our hospital and figures from the Home Accident Surveillance System indicate that the number of accidents involving baby walkers is increasing. Safety specifications issued by the British Standards Institution are rarely, if ever, met in full by manufacturers. Home accident prevention measures have been shown to be of limited benefit. We advocate more stringent implementation of safety features

D N Gleadhill; W J Robson; R E Cudmore; R R Turnock



Babies and Briefcases: Creating a Family-Friendly Workplace for Fathers. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hearings on family-friendly workplaces for fathers were held in an effort to help create a corporate culture that allows fathers to take advantage of and support different workplace policies. Fathers' impact on children's development, and the reasons why it is important for fathers to be part of the parenting process, are examined. Representative…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.


Pregnancy anxieties and natural recognition in baby-switching.  


Recent media reports in the USA of baby-switching at birth have caused anxiety for a number of maternity patients. Although alternative precautionary procedures are being implemented by hospitals to prevent baby-switching, ways to allay the maternity patient's anxiety must also be considered. While maternity patients can be expected to recognize their neonates, it is less clear how well they perform recognition under specified conditions. An American team of researchers noted postpartum mothers' anxiety levels and their natural cues to recognize crying sounds and garment smells of their babies as preventive measures against baby-switching. An experimental study design was used to conduct this research. Participants completed a demographic form and Levin's pregnancy anxiety instrument, followed by three recognition challenges for hearing and smelling cues. Ten per cent of mothers reported anxiety about baby-switching, 65.9% recognized their babies from recorded crying, and 52.3% recognized their babies by smell. Mothers do have the natural ability to recognize the cries or smells of their babies, even when anxious about baby-switching. Educating new mothers, acknowledging their natural ability for baby recognition, and promoting the use of private rooms with same-room (couplet) care can serve as extra safeguards. PMID:12048488

DiPasquale Davis, J; Moran, M K; Horger, E O; Dajani, A N


Birds, Bees and Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study designed to determine which particular aspects of pregnancy, birth, and babies were of most interest to 8-year-old children. Children were interested in details of a baby's behavior and development as well as the impact of its arrival on the parents. There were distinct gender differences in those topics, which particularly…

Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale



Shaken Baby Syndrome  


... and bleeding, which can lead to permanent, severe brain damage or death. The characteristic injuries of shaken baby syndrome are subdural hemorrhages (bleeding in the brain), retinal hemorrhages (bleeding in the retina), damage to ...


Immunizations for Preterm Babies  


... Article Body Some parents of preterm and low birth weight babies are concerned about immunizing their newborns according ... too fragile to be vaccinated because of low birth weight and possible health problems that came with their ...


Baby's First Test  


... Deadline to Send Baby Blood Spot Sample Now 1 Business Day Read more here: Read more here: ...


Baby Acne (Neonatal Acne)  


... your baby's skin is worsening despite using daily cleansing with a gentle soap, it is best to ... unnecessary, and the lesions may resolve with gentle cleansing of the skin. The first-line treatment most ...


Can Baby Hear?  


... Current Issue Past Issues Special Section: Focus on Communication Can Baby Hear? Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table ... to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). Prior to this, the average age ...


Bonding with Your Baby  


... the child's social and cognitive development. Why Is Bonding Important? Bonding is essential for a baby. Studies ... as biological parents and their children. Back Continue Bonding With Daddy Men these days spend more time ...


Feeding Your Baby  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... to Order Bottles Feeding FAQs Bottle Adaptations Movie Credits Terms & Conditions Feeding Your Baby Booklet Parents and ... Help Send us Feedback Terms and Conditions | Movie Credits Click here for the booklet version of our ...


Isospinning baby Skyrmion solutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We perform full two-dimensional (2D) numerical relaxations of isospinning soliton solutions in the baby Skyrme model in which the global O(3) symmetry is broken by the 2D analogue of the pion mass term in the Skyrme model. In our calculations we explicitly allow the isospinning solitons to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configurations. We find that stable isospinning baby Skyrme solutions can be constructed numerically for all angular frequencies ??min?(?,1), where ? is the mass parameter of the model. Stable, rotationally symmetric baby Skyrmion solutions for higher angular velocities are simply an artefact of the hedgehog approximation. Isospinning multisoliton solutions of topological charge B turn out to be unstable to break up into their B charge-1 constituents at some critical breakup frequency value. Furthermore, we find that for ? sufficiently large the rotational symmetry of charge-2 baby Skyrmions becomes broken at a critical angular frequency ?.

Battye, Richard A.; Haberichter, Mareike



Shaken Baby Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history, epidemiology, biomechanics, diagnosis, treatment, outcomes, long-term management, and prevention of shaken baby syndrome. It presents medical-legal issues as well as a discussion of programs aimed at prevention of physical abuse. (Author/DB)

Alexander, Randell C.; Smith, Wilbur L.



Infants & Toddlers: "Baby Moves"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By three to four months of age, most babies placed on their tummies on a safe, warm surface push down with their arms and raise their chests, so that they can turn their heads to look about at the world around them. By five months, babies stretch both feet and hands upward in order to swipe at interesting mobiles placed overhead. At seven to nine…

Honig, Alice Sterling



Battle the Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive game, learners compare their music-listening skills with that of a three-month-old baby. This game challenges learners to listen to pairs of tunes and detect whether their rhythm or melody is the same or different. Three-month-old babies can recognize rhythms and a series of notes as a melody. They often hear subtle changes to melodies and rhythm that adults sometimes miss. Requires a computer with speakers or headphones.

Minnesota, Science M.



Closing the quality gap: promoting evidence-based breastfeeding care in the hospital.  


Evidence shows that hospital-based practices affect breastfeeding duration and exclusivity throughout the first year of life. However, a 2007 CDC survey of US maternity facilities documented poor adherence with evidence-based practice. Of a possible score of 100 points, the average hospital scored only 63 with great regional disparities. Inappropriate provision and promotion of infant formula were common, despite evidence that such practices reduce breastfeeding success. Twenty-four percent of facilities reported regularly giving non-breast milk supplements to more than half of all healthy, full-term infants. Metrics available for measuring quality of breastfeeding care, range from comprehensive Baby-Friendly Hospital Certification to compliance with individual steps such as the rate of in-hospital exclusive breastfeeding. Other approaches to improving quality of breastfeeding care include (1) education of hospital decision-makers (eg, through publications, seminars, professional organization statements, benchmark reports to hospitals, and national grassroots campaigns), (2) recognition of excellence, such as through Baby-Friendly hospital designation, (3) oversight by accrediting organizations such as the Joint Commission or state hospital authorities, (4) public reporting of indicators of the quality of breastfeeding care, (5) pay-for-performance incentives, in which Medicaid or other third-party payers provide additional financial compensation to individual hospitals that meet certain quality standards, and (6) regional collaboratives, in which staff from different hospitals work together to learn from each other and meet quality improvement goals at their home institutions. Such efforts, as well as strong central leadership, could affect both initiation and duration of breastfeeding, with substantial, lasting benefits for maternal and child health. PMID:19752082

Bartick, Melissa; Stuebe, Alison; Shealy, Katherine R; Walker, Marsha; Grummer-Strawn, Laurence M



Visiting your baby in the NICU  


... an enclosed, see-through plastic crib called an incubator. This special crib will: Keep your baby warm. ... your baby’s skin through the openings of the incubator. As your baby grows and improves, you will ...


[Babies with cranial deformity].  


Plagiocephaly was diagnosed in a baby aged 4 months and brachycephaly in a baby aged 5 months. Positional or deformational plagio- or brachycephaly is characterized by changes in shape and symmetry of the cranial vault. Treatment options are conservative and may include physiotherapy and helmet therapy. During the last two decades the incidence of positional plagiocephaly has increased in the Netherlands. This increase is due to the recommendation that babies be laid on their backs in order to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. We suggest the following: in cases of positional preference of the infant, referral to a physiotherapist is indicated. In cases of unacceptable deformity of the cranium at the age 5 months, moulding helmet therapy is a possible treatment option. PMID:19857299

Feijen, Michelle M W; Claessens, Edith A W M Habets; Dovens, Anke J Leenders; Vles, Johannes S; van der Hulst, Rene R W J



Friend Finder  


Friend Finder (Game) Email Embed Grab this Game :  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With more than 100 billion neurons that would stretch more than 60,000 miles, a newborn baby's brain is quite phenomenal! These neurons must generally form connections within the first eight months of a baby's life to foster optimal brain growth and lifelong learning. Mommies, daddies, and caregivers are extremely vital to ensuring babies reach…

Engel-Smothers, Holly; Heim, Susan M.



No Baby Left behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"No Baby Left Behind" was created to have an impact on the school readiness of children in the community today and in the future. Each year, there are an increasing number of students who have learning difficulties. Many of these problems are preventable. Accidents, poor nutrition (of the mother and/or child), drug use, alcohol use, and lack of…

Blanton, Dorothy



Dogs Over Babies  

E-print Network

wee babe you find a wee dog. In a frilly t-shirt. Meet Japan's newest demographic: Career-oriented women who choose dogs instead of babies, careers instead of motherhood. These women spend big bucks on doggie accessories, doggie parties and doggie spas...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William



Once Baby Arrives  


... Be Main Page Foodborne illness is a serious health issue, especially for your new baby and any other children in your home. Each year in the U.S., 800,000 illnesses affect children under the age of 10. Infants and young children are particularly vulnerable to foodborne ...


Finger Foods for Babies  


... Your little one needs to eat nutrient-rich foods instead of consuming empty calories found in desserts and high-fat snacks, such as potato chips. It's tempting to want to see the baby's reactions to some of these foods, but now is not the time. Grandparents and ...


Breastfeeding Your Baby  


... Some soreness or discomfort is normal when beginning breastfeeding. Nipple pain or soreness that continues past the first week ... not get better usually is not normal. Nipple pain may be caused by the baby not ... to avoid sore areas. • Engorgement—When your ...


Feeding Your Baby  


... you have trouble viewing these videos, please contact CPF for a complimentary copy. The content of this ... Family, Friends, and Finding Nemo Yesterday , No Comments CPF’s New Arrival 1 month ago , No Comments En ...


Aloof baby Skyrmions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

Salmi, Petja; Sutcliffe, Paul



Aloof Baby Skyrmions  

E-print Network

We show that a suitable choice for the potential term in the two-dimensional baby Skyrme model yields solitons that have a short-range repulsion and a long-range attraction. The solitons are therefore aloof, in the sense that static multi-soliton bound states have constituents that preserve their individual identities and are sufficiently far apart that tail interactions yield small binding energies. The static multi-soliton solutions are found to have a cluster structure that is reproduced by a simple binary species particle model. In the standard three-dimensional Skyrme model of nuclei, solitons are too tightly bound and are often too symmetric, due to symmetry enhancement as solitons coalesce to form bound states. The aloof baby Skyrmion results endorse a way to resolve these issues and provides motivation for a detailed study of the related three-dimensional version of the Skyrme model.

Petja Salmi; Paul Sutcliffe



Having Healthy Babies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Inside: Having Healthy BabiesThis booklet summarizes what health professionals know about healthy babies and mothers. It shows women how to avoid or reduce the health risks of pregnancy, provides information about the development of healthy infants and toddlers, and outlines the steps of pregnancy from conception to labor and delivery to postnatal care. Having Healthy Babies directs readers to more sources of information and to the latest scientific research.The Science Inside e-book series is intended to be a bridge between the consumer health brochure and the scientific paper, the booklets in this series focus on the science that is inside of, or behind, the disease its cause, its possible cure, its treatment, promising research, and so on. These booklets are designed to appeal to people who have not had the opportunity to study the science and to understand why they may have been given some of the advice that they have been given through some of the more consumer-oriented materials.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science;)



Working with Family, Friend, and Neighbor Caregivers: Lessons from Four Diverse Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is excerpted from "Who's Watching the Babies? Improving the Quality of Family, Friend, and Neighbor Care" by Douglas R. Powell ("ZERO TO THREE," 2008). The article explores questions about program development and implementation strategies for supporting Family, Friend, and Neighbor (FFN) caregivers: How do programs and their host…

Powell, Douglas R.



Mapping the Baby Universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In June, NASA plans to launch the Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP) to survey the ancient radiation in unprecedented detail. MAP will map slight temperature fluctuations within the microwave background that vary by only 0.00001 C across a chilly radiation that now averages 2.73 C above absolute zero. The temperature differences today point back to density differences in the fiery baby universe, in which there was a little more matter here and a little less matter there. Areas of slightly enhanced density had stronger gravity than low-density areas. The high-density areas pulled back on the background radiation, making it appear slightly cooler in those directions.

Wanjek, Christopher



Baby-Crying Acceptance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The baby's crying is his most important mean of communication. The crying monitoring performed by devices that have been developed doesn't ensure the complete safety of the child. It is necessary to join, to these technological resources, means of communicating the results to the responsible, which would involve the digital processing of information available from crying. The survey carried out, enabled to understand the level of adoption, in the continental territory of Portugal, of a technology that will be able to do such a digital processing. It was used the TAM as the theoretical referential. The statistical analysis showed that there is a good probability of acceptance of such a system.

Martins, Tiago; de Magalhães, Sérgio Tenreiro


Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's  


Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours and Your Baby's KidsHealth > Parents > Growth & Development > Feeding & Eating > Breastfeeding FAQs: Sleep - Yours ... syndrome (SIDS) . Continue My baby falls asleep while nursing. What Can I Do? Your baby may seem ...


Sickle Cell Disease and Your Baby  


... page It's been added to your dashboard . Sickle cell disease and your baby Sickle cell disease (also ... know if your baby has SCD or sickle cell trait? All babies have a newborn screening test ...


Baby walker safety - baby's minder or parent's problem? A qualitative analysis of clients' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding baby walker use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To investigate the range of knowledge, attitudes and practices of parents regarding baby walkers.Design A qualitative study using a focus group approach.Setting Three focus groups were held in community mother and toddler drop-in centres, and one in a hospital antenatal clinic.Methods Four focus groups were held over a two-month period in 2000. Parents from areas with differing levels of

Rhydian Hapgood; Amanda Woods; Jane Dyas; Elaine Bentley; Denise Kendrick



Community baby shower as a transcultural nursing intervention.  


A community assessment was conducted by nursing students to determine the educational needs of Native American women whose infants were at risk for infant mortality. As a result, a culturally based community baby shower was provided for the women and their infants which incorporated health education. Games, prizes, and lunch were provided for the mothers upon completion of educational newborn care, immunizations, and infant safety learning activities. The intervention project based upon maintaining a Native American cultural theme was used with cake, favors, prizes, invitations, and advertisements. In addition, a recognized Native American spiritual leader was invited to begin the shower with a traditional blessing. Multiple community resources such as businesses, stores (including drug), churches, hospitals, a local nursing home, and several private individuals also contributed time, money, and baby care items for the shower. From the advertising, many women expressed interest in attending the baby shower than could be accommodated. Press releases provided exposure for the school of nursing, contributors, participants, and many members of the Native American community. A pre- and post-test survey indicated that by the end of the baby shower, all 10 key native American women participants were able to demonstrate the use of the information taught by the nursing students. The baby shower enhanced the Native American mothers' self confidence and provided them with culturally sensitive care. The welcoming atmosphere created by the students for the Native Americans was also important to the success of the project. PMID:7946136

Duffy, S A; Bonino, K; Gallup, L; Pontseele, R



Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs  


... plastic slots or indentations that can hold soap, shampoo, and other cleaning supplies. A plug at the ... your baby's bathing supplies ahead of time, including shampoo, soap, washcloth, towel, clean clothes, and a clean ...


When your baby is stillborn  


... obese Are carrying multiple babies (twins or more) African-American Have had a previous stillbirth Have high blood ... SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, et al, eds. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies . 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: ...


Colostrum: Your Baby's First Meal  


... substances to protect your baby against infections. Its color and thickness are due to the fact that ... amount and becomes more creamy or white in color—a time that mothers frequently refer to as ...


PKU (Phenylketonuria) in Your Baby  


... risk for birth defects of the brain and spin called neural tube defects (NTDs). But it only ... How we help We help moms have full-term pregnancies and healthy babies. If something goes wrong, ...


Taking Care of a Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Science NetLinks lesson, students are introduced to the basics of how a baby grows inside its mother until its birth. They then consider and discuss the birthing process. Then students are led into the third part of the lesson, which focuses on the early years of infancy. They are prompted to think about the kinds of basic needs infants have and the critical role adults play in ensuring a baby's healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development.

Science Netlinks



Baby Solar System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What did our solar system look like in its infancy,...... when the planets were forming? We cannot travel back in time to take an image of the early solar system, but in principle we can have the next best thing: images of infant planetary systems around Sun-like stars with ages of 1 to 5 million years, the time we think it took for the giant planets to form. Infant exoplanetary systems are critically important because they can help us understand how our solar system fits within the context of planet formation in general. More than 80% of stars are born with gas- and dust-rich disks, and thus have the potential to form planets. Through many methods we have identified more than 760 planetary systems around middle-aged stars like the Sun, but many of these have architectures that look nothing like our solar system. Young planetary systems are important missing links between various endpoints and may help us understand how and when these differences emerge. Well-known star-forming regions in Taurus, Scorpius. and Orion contain stars that could have infant planetary systems. But these stars are much more distant than our nearest neighbors such as Alpha Centauri or Sirius, making it extremely challenging to produce clear images of systems that can reveal signs of recent planet formation, let alone reveal the planets themselves. Recently, a star with the unassuming name LkCa 15 may have given us our first detailed "baby picture" of a young planetary system similar to our solar system. Located about 450 light-years away in the Taurus starforming region. LkCa 15 has a mass comparable to the Sun (0.97 solar mass) and an age of l to 5 million years, comparable to the time at which Saturn and perhaps Jupiter formed. The star is surrounded by a gas-rich disk similar in structure to the one in our solar system from which the planets formed. With new technologies and observing strategies, we have confirmed suspicions that LkCa 15's disk harbors a young planetary system.

Currie, Thayne; Grady, Carol



'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 11 (June 5, 2008), the eleventh day after landing. It shows the trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm. The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test. The trench on the right is informally called 'Baby Bear.' The sample dug from Baby Bear will be delivered to the Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA. The Baby Bear trench is 9 centimeters (3.1 inches) wide and 4 centimeters (1.6 inches) deep.

The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.



Designer babies--why not?  


Though many objections can be levelled against the idea of the practice of genetic intervention to produce 'designer babies', upon examination they are shown to hinge on features which concern parental intentions towards their children, rather than features specific to the means involved. These intentions may be pursued by a variety of social practices which may, though need not, involve a measure of 'traditional' genetic selection (i.e. in terms of the identity and characteristics of the reproducing partners). This paper reviews a number of these objections and, by parity of reasoning, rejects their claim to count specifically or decisively against genetic intervention in pursuit of 'designer babies'. Rejecting these objections does not lead to the endorsement of 'designing babies, but it shows that any unease must be grounded elsewhere and defended by other arguments. PMID:15586985

Evans, M



Value priorities and their relations with quality of life in the Baby Boomer generation of Lithuanian nurses: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background The understanding of the values of nurses is especially important, since nurses constitute 80% of workforce in the healthcare system in Lithuania. In addition to that, nursing is one of the major constituents of healthcare. The aim of this study was to determine what values predominate in the cohort of Baby Boomer nurses, and to evaluate the relation of these values with quality of life using M. Rokeach's terminal and instrumental values scale. M.Rokeach distinguished terminal values (such as world peace, wisdom, and happiness), which are preferred end-states of existence, and instrumental values (such as responsibility and cooperation), which are preferred modes of conduct. Methods We performed a representative anonymous questionnaire-based inquiry of nurses working in regional hospitals of Lithuania. The nurses who participated in the study were distributed into four work cohorts: the Veterans, the Baby Boomers, the Generation Xers, and the Generation Nexters. The majority of the nurses belonged to the Baby Boomers and the Generation Xers cohorts. Since in Lithuania, like in the whole Europe, the representatives of the Baby Boomers generation are predominating among working people, we selected this cohort (N = 387) for the analysis. The survey data was processed using the SPSS statistical software package Results The main values in life were family security, tranquility, and a sense of accomplishment. However, such values as true friendship, equality, and pleasurable and leisured life were seen as rather insignificant. The most important instrumental values were honesty, skillfulness, and responsibility. Our study showed a statistically significant (albeit weak) correlation between the QOL and terminal values such as the sense of accomplishment, tranquility, equality, and pleasure, as well as the instrumental value – obedience. We detected a statistically significant relationship between good QOL and satisfaction with oneself, relationships with the surrounding people, and friends' support. Conclusion The findings of our study showed that, although Lithuania was under a totalitarian regime for 50 years, both the terminal and the instrumental values of the Baby Boomers generation are very similar to those of the same generation in other countries. PMID:17996067

Blazeviciene, Aurelija; Jakusovaite, Irayda



Baffled by the Baby Bottle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case is based on an actual article entitled "Baby Alert" that appeared in Consumer Reports (May 1999). The article raises some concerns about the safety of polycarbonate baby bottles, and recommends that parents dispose of them as a precaution. However, the American Plastics Council and the Food and Drug Administration have raised concerns about the experimental methodology used as well as the recommendations made in this article. The case has been used to help develop students’ critical thinking skills in an introductory chemistry course for non-majors. It may be used to illustrate applications in polymer chemistry, quantitative chemical analysis, toxicology, endocrine disruption, and risk-benefit analysis.

Jeannot, Michael A.



Protect Your Baby from Group B Strep!  


... Features Protect Your Baby from Group B Strep! Language: English Español (Spanish) Share Compartir Protect your baby from ... Address What's this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Language: English Español (Spanish) File Formats Help: How do I ...


Questions Parents Ask about Baby Shots  


... on the next page ? Questions Parents Ask About Vaccinations for Babies Why are vaccinations important? What diseases do vaccines protect against? I ... I need to bring my baby in for vaccinations? How do I know when to take my ...


When Your Teen Is Having a Baby  


When Your Teen Is Having a Baby KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Tough Topics > When Your Teen Is Having a Baby ... at a time like this. Continue What Your Teen May Be Feeling Just a short time ago ...


77 FR 73621 - Baby Matters, LLC; Complaint  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...counsel, as follows: Baby Matters LLC, 531 Winston Way, Berwyn, PA 19312. Raymond G. Mullady, Jr., BLANK ROME LLP, Watergate, 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20037, Counsel for Baby Matters LLC. Mary B. Murphy, Complaint...



Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby  


... Program Support Center Get Involved Surviving the Sudden Death of a Baby Home Grieving Families Surviving the ... Candle on For Families Who Have Experienced the Death of a Baby The numbers are staggering. Every ...


Can Pacifiers and Baby Bottles Ruin My Baby's Teeth?  


... baby by dipping a pacifier in honey or sugar water. This will increase your child's risk of tooth ... Frequent sucking or sipping anything other than plain water from a bottle or cup may ... When sugars or other carbohydrates enter the mouth, they provide ...


"Babies Grow a Long Time": A Preschool Project about Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project related to babies undertaken by preschoolers in a university-affiliated child care center in the Midwest. Following a description of the class, the author discusses the three phases of the project. Photographs taken during the project are included throughout the article. The article concludes with the author's…

Harrison, Andromahi



Care of the Migrant Baby.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared mainly for paraprofessional staff of the Colorado Migrant Council, this 1970 handbook, available in either English or Spanish, presents information on caring fo r the migrant child. Three sections -- Baby, Child, and Sick Child -- discuss general care and specific care for such topics as hand washing, bathing, diapering, rashes, weight,…

Rosen, Susan; Mestas, Leonard


The Baby Boomers' Intergenerational Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: As Baby Boomers enter late life, relationships with family members gain importance. This review article highlights two aspects of their intergenerational relationships: (a) caregiving for aging parents and (b) interactions with adult children in the context of changing marital dynamics. Design and Methods: The researchers describe three…

Fingerman, Karen L.; Pillemer, Karl A.; Silverstein, Merril; Suitor, J. Jill



Friends and Relatives  


... Corner Memorial Opportunities Memorial Contributions Memorial Funds National Tree of Hope Monument Request Information The Program Support ... occasions. Permanent memorials, such as the First Candle Tree of Hope, help families know that their baby ...


Limitations of child injury data from the CPSC's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System: the case of baby walker related data.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The US Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) is a primary source for children's consumer product injury surveillance data in the US. Differing interpretations of the emergency department based NEISS baby walker data by various parties prompted this detailed examination, reclassification, and analysis of the NEISS data to explain these discrepancies. METHODS: Case selection was performed by searching the NEISS 1982-91 database for the baby walker product code and various text strings for children less than 24 months old. False negative and false positive cases were identified and reclassified. Adjusted population rates were computed and the types and locations of hospitals contributing to the sample were examined. RESULTS: One per cent false positive and 4% false negative misclassification rates were observed. In 1991, two children's hospitals reported 14% of the baby walker related injuries, though these hospitals made up just 2% of the sample frame. Through random allocation, one state currently contains four acute care hospitals and the only two children's hospitals reporting to the NEISS system. These six hospitals contributed 18% of the walker cases whereas the state represents only 3% of the US infant population. CONCLUSIONS: Misclassification in NEISS baby walker reports is minimal, with false negatives outweighing false positives. For trend analysis of product related injuries at the frequency of occurrence observed for baby walkers, NEISS suffers from low sensitivity due to sampling error. For children's injuries, NEISS' estimates have been affected by children's hospitals coming in and out of the sample and currently reflects a random geographic imbalance because one state contributes both of the reporting children's hospitals. To overcome these problems improved multiple product coding, a unique baby walker code, and stratification of children's hospitals in an enlarged NEISS sample is recommended. PMID:9346058

Weiss, H. B.



["Designer baby" changed to French for "double hope baby"].  


Scientific advances during the last decades regarding potential intervention on embryos arouse many questions in society to prepare the ground concerning the limits that should be set for these practices. For the first time in 1994, a parliamentary proceeding allowed the definition of a French model of bioethics through laws of the same name. These laws, among others, authorized in a well and strictly defined setting the practice of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Because of technical progress concerning PGD, new questions arose, especially concerning the accomplishment of designer babies. The French Chamber of Representatives came in with a new law that banishes the concept of designer babies and replaces it with another concept: double hope babies, in French "bébé du double espoir". A first hope of a pregnancy giving birth to a healthy child and the second being that this child conceived with the aid of PGD could help treat an elder brother. Because of the issuing of two specific laws in a ten years interval, France occupies a privileged place in a Europe where bioethical issues continue to be debated, particularly PGD. PMID:16139550

Fagniez, P-L; Loriau, J; Tayar, C



Quit4baby: Results From a Pilot Test of a Mobile Smoking Cessation Program for Pregnant Women  

PubMed Central

Background Text messaging (short message service, SMS) programs have been shown to be effective in helping adult smokers quit smoking. This study describes the results of a pilot test of Quit4baby, a smoking cessation text messaging program for pregnant smokers that was adapted from Text2quit. Objective The study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility and acceptability of Quit4baby for women currently enrolled in Text4baby, a perinatal health text messaging program. Methods Pregnant women enrolled in Text4baby and who were current smokers or had quit within the last 4 weeks (n=20) were enrolled in Quit4baby. Those under the age of 18, not pregnant, not current smokers, those using nicotine replacement therapy, and those not interested in participating were ineligible. Participants were surveyed at baseline and at 2 and 4 weeks postenrollment. Results Most participants responded to the program favorably. Highly rated aspects included the content of the program, skills taught within the program, and encouragement and social support provided by the program. Participants reported that the program was helpful in quitting, that the program gave good ideas on quitting, and that they would recommend the program to a friend. Suggestions for improvement included increasing the message dose and making the quitpal more interactive. Conclusions This pilot test provides support for the feasibility and acceptability of Quit4baby. Future studies are needed to assess whether Quit4baby is effective for smoking cessation during pregnancy. PMID:25650765



Baby universes in string theory  

SciTech Connect

We argue that the holographic description of four-dimensional Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield black holes naturally includes multicenter solutions. This suggests that the holographic dual to the gauge theory is not a single AdS{sub 2}xS{sup 2} but a coherent ensemble of them. We verify this in a particular class of examples, where the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory gives a holographic description of the black holes obtained by branes wrapping Calabi-Yau cycles. Using the free fermionic formulation, we show that O(e{sup -N}) nonperturbative effects entangle the two Fermi surfaces. In an Euclidean description, the wave function of the multicenter black holes gets mapped to the Hartle-Hawking wave function of baby universes. This provides a concrete realization, within string theory, of effects that can be interpreted as the creation of baby universes. We find that, at least in the case we study, the baby universes do not lead to a loss of quantum coherence, in accord with general arguments.

Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics and KdV Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Gopakumar, Rajesh [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad 211019 (India); Ooguri, Hirosi [California Institute for Technology, 452-48, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)



Relationship between maternal periodontal disease and low birth weight babies  

PubMed Central

Background: Periodontal infections, which serve as a reservoir of inflammatory mediators, may pose a threat to the fetal-placental unit and cause adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was assessing the periodontal status of women during puerperium and determining the possible relationship between their periodontal disease and low birth weight delivery. Materials and Methods: This was a case-control study. The sample included 88 ex-pregnant women were seen at maternity hospitals of Yazd, Iran. Half of the mothers had low birth babies (LBW) (birth weight below 2500g- case group) and the others had normal weight babies (>2500g- control group). The mothers’ data were obtained from medical files, interview and periodontal clinical examination carried out up to 3 days after delivery. Bleeding on probing, presence of supra-gingival calculus and CPITN (Community Periodontal Index for Treatment Needs) were used for periodontal assessment Results: Among the known risk factors of LBW babies, history of previous LBW infant among case mothers reached statistical significance (p=0.0081, Student t-test). Mothers of LBW infants had less healthy areas of gingiva (p=0.042), and more deep pockets (p=0.0006, Mann-Whitney test). Conclusion: The maternal periodontal disease can be a potential independent risk factor for LBW. PMID:24639799

Haerian-Ardakani, Ahmad; Eslami, Zia; Rashidi-Meibodi, Fahimeh; Haerian, Alireza; Dallalnejad, Pantea; Shekari, Marjan; Moein Taghavi, Amir; Akbari, Solmaz



Maternal satisfaction with organized perinatal care in Serbian public hospitals  

PubMed Central

Background Understanding the experiences and expectations of women across the continuum of antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal care is important to assess the quality of maternal care and to determine problematic areas which could be improved. The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with maternal satisfaction with hospital-based perinatal care in Serbia. Methods Our survey was conducted from January 2009 to January 2010 using a 28-item, self-administered questionnaire. The sample consisted of 50% of women who expected childbirths during the study period from all 76 public institutions with obstetric departments in Serbia. The following three composite outcome variables were constructed: satisfaction with technical and professional aspects of care; communication and interpersonal aspects of care; and environmental factors. Results We analyzed 34,431 completed questionnaires (84.2% of the study sample). The highest and lowest average satisfaction scores (4.43 and 3.25, respectively) referred to the overall participation of midwives during delivery and the quality of food served in the hospital, respectively. Younger mothers and multiparas were less concerned with the environmental conditions (OR?=?0.55, p?=?0.006; OR?=?1.82, p?=?0.004). Final model indicated that mothers informed of patients’ rights, pregnancy and delivery through the Maternal Counseling Service were more likely to be satisfied with all three outcome variables. The highest value of the Pearson’s coefficient of correlation was between the overall satisfaction score and satisfaction with communication and interpersonal aspects of care. Conclusions Our study illuminated the importance of interpersonal aspects of care and education for maternal satisfaction. Improvement of the environmental conditions in hospitals, the WHO program, Baby-friendly Hospital, and above all providing all pregnant women with antenatal education, are recommendations which would more strongly affect the perceptions of quality and satisfaction with perinatal care in Serbian public hospitals by women. PMID:24410839



Listening to the Baby: Evaluating a Baby Book Journal for New Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Browsing the parenting section of any bookstore reveals a wide variety ofcommercially available baby books. In spite of their popularity, the baby book format has rarely been used to develop materials that support the transition to parenting. This article describes the development of a baby book for this purpose, the phenomenological scholarship and research findings that shaped its design, and

Lee SmithBattle; Shawn Pohlman; Jennifer L. Broeder



A preference for baby girls.  


For the majority of women in Japan, a girl baby is preferable to a boy baby, according to recent findings of a fertility survey conducted by the Institute of Population Problems of the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW). The nationwide survey, carried out in July 1992, found that 75.7% of women would prefer to have a girl baby if they were to have only 1 child--a marked change from 10 years ago when only 48.5% of women said that they would prefer a girl child. Conducted every 5 years, the survey gained responses from 8844 married women under 50 years of age. In giving reasons for wanting a girl child, many women commented that a daughter is more likely to remain closer to parents than a son. The findings of the survey reflect the changes that have taken place in Japanese society in recent years including the emergence of the nuclear family, later marriage, fewer children, and population aging. The survey also found that only 15.2% of marriages currently follow the practice of omiai (arranged marriages), a sharp decrease from 23.6% of 5 years ago. Meanwhile, couples are waiting longer after their first encounter before getting married. According to the survey, couples married during the 1987-1992 period waited an average of 2.97 years after their first encounter, a sharp contrast from the average waiting period of 1.97 years for couples married between 1972-1977. The survey also found that while the total fertility rate has fallen in Japan to 1.50 in 1992 from 1.75 in 1980, fertility for married couples has remained virtually unchanged since 1972 at 2.21. PMID:12318522



True Friends, True Selves  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is it to be or to have a true friend? Views on this question within the history of philosophy appear to differ. Aristotle suggests that friendship of the best kind, arguably that which best approximates the notion of true friendship, is a relationship in which friends love one another for their own sakes and regard one another as second

Sandra Lynch



Nutritional Quality of Commercial Fruit Baby Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial fruit baby food is a preserved fruit product usually made with fruit purees, sugar, water and variable additives (thickening agents, antioxidants, etc.). As the foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, baby foods for infants and young children conforms to a set of strict guidelines e.g. maximum levels for pesticide residues, microbiological contamination, addition of additives, labelling, etc. However, being

H. ?ížko Vá; R. Še; A. RAJCHl; M. Vold?


Baby Doll: The Success of Scandal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baby Doll hit America's cinemas with a resounding bang in 1956, and while not the financial and critical success that A Streetcar Named Desire had been some six years before, the film proved without a doubt to be the most sensational of Hollywood's adaptations of Tennessee Williams's works. In fact, Baby Doll is quite likely the most sensational (we should

Barton Palmer


Baby Foods: Formulations and Interactions (A Review)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage some reactions and interactions occur which change physicochemical and nutritional

Ali Nasirpour; Joël Scher; Stéphane Desobry



Having a Baby After Cancer: Pregnancy  


... a woman receives has a number of potential effects on a pregnancy. Some cancer treatments can increase a woman’s risk ... Fear of Recurrence Having a Baby After Cancer: Pregnancy Having a Baby After ... Side Effects of Cancer Treatment Dealing With Cancer Recurrence Making ...


Motor Development Programming in Trisomic-21 Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study contributes to the understanding of gross motor development in babies with Down's syndrome. Also, it facilitates the comprehension of the efficiency of the early motor stimulation as well as of beginning it as early as possible. We worked with two groups of babies with Down's syndrome, beginning the early motor training in each…

Sanz, Teresa; Menendez, Javier; Rosique, Teresa



Young mothers and babies wellness program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young Mothers and Babies Wellness Program is a comprehensive mental health and sobriety treatment plan for pregnant and parenting young women emancipating from probation department or child welfare services and their infants. The Program provides interventions to establish safe, nurturing and responsive relationships between mothers and babies. This article includes rationale for treating this high risk population and its focus

Susan M. Love; Ana M. Suarez; Marianne E. Love



Baby Steps: Learn the Signs. Act Early  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... 16/2014 A Key Piece of the Puzzle: Vaccinations Release Date: 6/9/2014 The Immunization Baby Book Release Date: 6/9/2014 Babies ... Fighting Flu Release Date: 3/8/2011 VSI: Vaccination Scene Investigation Release Date: 12/20/2010 Hablemos ...


Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Designer babies" is a term used by journalists and commentators--not by scientists--to describe several different reproductive technologies. These technologies have one thing in common: they give parents more control over what their offspring will be like. Designer babies are made possible by progress in three fields: (1) Advanced Reproductive…

Baird, Stephen L.



7 CFR 319.56-48 - Conditions governing the entry of baby squash and baby courgettes from Zambia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Dacus ciliatus, Dacus frontalis, Dacus lounsburyii, Dacus punctatifrons, Dacus vertebratus, Diaphania indica, Helicoverpa armigera, and Spodoptera littoralis. (a) Approved greenhouses. The baby squash and baby courgettes must...



Dementia-friendly design resource.  


Although estimates suggest that, on average, some 30 per cent of all patients in general acute medical wards may have some form of dementia, Stirling University's Dementia Services Development Centre (DSDC), one of the leading international knowledge centres working to improve the lives of dementia sufferers, says progress in designing healthcare facilities that address such patients' needs has been 'patchy at best'. With the number of individuals living with dementia expected to double in the next 25 years, the DSDC has recently worked with Edinburgh-based architects, Burnett Pollock Associates, to develop an online resource that clearly illustrates, via 15 simulated 'dementia-friendly' healthcare 'spaces', some of the key principles to consider when designing effectively for this fast-growing group. HEJ editor, Jonathan Baillie, attended the launch of the so-called 'Virtual Hospital'. PMID:24620491

Baillie, Jonathan



The Friendly Object  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If buildings and cities are made as friendly objects, they will invite and precipitate participation. They will stimulate our creative powers, which are the basis of growth in all our activities. (CK)

Prangnell, Peter



Helping Your Bereaved Friend  


... book, watching a favorite TV program, enjoying a quiet bath or listening to some of your favorite music. Take care of yourself. Your friend will need you for a long time. Avoid Vacuous Platitudes People sometimes worry that they ...


Neural activation to babyfaced men matches activation to babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral data supports the commonsense view that babies elicit different responses than adults do. Behavioral research also has supported the babyface overgeneralization hypothesis that the adaptive value of responding appropriately to babies produces a tendency for these responses to be overgeneralized to adults whose facial structure resembles babies. Here we show a neural substrate for responses to babies and babyface

Leslie A. Zebrowitz; Victor X. Luevano; Philip M. Bronstad; Itzhak Aharon



Discussion on design of baby changing station in public place  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the widely using of baby changing station in the public place, its usability is considered greatly important. It is necessary to give convenience in the behavior of nursing for both baby and adult. Through analyzing baby's psychological characteristics in the adult's nursing behavior, the main features of using baby changing station are researched and analyzed. At last some key

Lufang Zhang; Jiansong Luo; Ming Wu



Mom's Weight Might Influence Baby's Earliest Development  


... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Mom's Weight Might Influence Baby's Earliest Development Overweight at conception ... Friday, November 14, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Body Weight Obesity Preconception Care FRIDAY, Nov. 14, 2014 (HealthDay ...


Conservative care of the newborn baby  

PubMed Central

A method of managing ill and premature babies with little disturbance is described. The results of such care during 1969-76 compare favourably with those achieved by more intensive and active intervention. PMID:420523

Hughes-Davies, T. H.



Your Baby's Development: The Second Trimester  


... can't see anything until the third trimester. Fingerprints and footprints are well established by the middle ... appear on the hands first, then the feet. Fingerprints improve the baby's grip. Fine hair and a ...


Mineral profile of Spanish commercial baby food.  


Commercial baby foods are an important part of the daily intake of babies from 6 to 12months. The mineral profile of commercial baby foods in Spain was determined to establish levels of essential and non-essential elements, and their contribution to adequate intake (AI) and estimated average requirement (EAR). Thirty-five jars of commercial foods containing meat, fish, vegetables and fruit were obtained from the Spanish market and the mineral composition determined for 14 elements. In general, the baby foods analysed were sufficient for an adequate mineral intake, but contributions to AI and EAR for iron, zinc and calcium were very low (5-20%, 10-60% and 10-70%, respectively). This deficiency could be associated with growth problems or diseases in adulthood, and fortification of commercial products is recommended. PMID:25442549

Mir-Marqués, Alba; González-Masó, Anna; Cervera, M Luisa; de la Guardia, Miguel



Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... It's Only Natural Planning ahead Overcoming challenges Overcoming breastfeeding challenges Dealing with lack of family support Is my baby getting enough milk? Breastfeeding in one word Common questions about breastfeeding and ...


Protect Yourself and Your Baby from Dengue  


Avoid mosquito bites during pregnancy to prevent dengue in your newborn baby • Dengue is transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes • A pregnant woman infected with dengue virus may ...


Disposable baby wipes: efficacy and skin mildness.  


The results of a series of four clinical studies demonstrated that disposable baby wipes were milder to the skin than use of a cotton washcloth and water, recognized as a "gold standard" for skin mildness. Importantly, the baby wipes caused no significant change from the baseline value in any of the skin parameters examined. This observation verified that the test wipes are minimally disruptive to the epidermal barrier and thus suitable for use on intact or compromised, irritated skin. PMID:11917305

Odio, M; Streicher-Scott, J; Hansen, R C




NSDL National Science Digital Library

BabyBoomWomen@Work2020 is part of a research project at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia. The project examines how women born between 1946 and 1964 (i.e., the Baby Boom) see paid work after the age of 65 and the ways in which public policy will affect this aging sector of the female workforce. The site offers information on its ongoing studies as well as a varied collection of links.


Medicolegal Issues of Battered Baby Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Battered baby (child) syndrome has been recognized for nearly half a century and is defined as repeated non-accidental trauma\\u000a of various ages. In medicolegal death investigations, it is often avoided, due to its alleged controversy, or more accurately,\\u000a due to the challenges it presents in court. In this chapter, we discuss some of the medicolegal issues of a battered baby

Erin H. Kimmerle; Leszek Chrostowski


The outlook for hospital spending.  


Hospital use and spending greatly increased in 2001 and 2002, reversing a long-term trend. In this paper we contend that the forces driving current hospital expenditures are more likely to continue than they are to abate. If current trends continue, real hospital spending per capita will increase 75 percent between 2002 and 2012, and the demand for hospital beds will increase considerably. We discuss numerous forces that will contribute to spending growth, including technology, which is likely to continue to raise costs. We also find that hospital spending by baby boomers grew more rapidly than that of the elderly, a change in trend that could presage increased spending as this cohort moves into higher-spending age groups. PMID:14649429

Shactman, David; Altman, Stuart H; Eilat, Efrat; Thorpe, Kenneth E; Doonan, Michael



Hospitality Management Hospitality Management  

E-print Network

of the global hospitality industry. Academic Offerings HOSPITALITY AND FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT MINOR HOSPITALITY AND FOOD SERVICE MANAGEMENT MINOR Students pursuing programs in other areas of study may choose a minor Service Operations 4 OR NSD 225 Nutrition in Health 3 12 credits needed: HPM 300 Selected Topics: Advanced

McConnell, Terry


Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard University

Brigham and Women's Hospital has established a multidisciplinary team in consortium with industry, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to address prostate cancer, the most common malignancy and third leading cause of cancer-related mortality in American men. Due to the ageing "baby boomers", the number of men with localized prostate cancer will increase, as will the need for an accurate non-invasive imaging tool. Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging has the ability to deliver precise anatomical mapping of tumor.


Can Caesarean section improve child and maternal health? The case of breech babies.  


This paper examines the health effects of Caesarean section (CS) for children and their mothers. We use exogenous variation in the probability of CS in a fuzzy regression discontinuity design. Using administrative Danish data, we exploit an information shock for obstetricians that sharply altered CS rates for breech babies. We find that CS decreases the child's probability of having a low APGAR score and the number of family doctor visits in the first year of life. We find no significant effects for severe neonatal morbidity or hospitalizations. While mothers are hospitalized longer after birth, we find no effects of CS for maternal post-birth complications or infections. Although the change in mode of delivery for the marginal breech babies increases direct costs, the health benefits show that CS is the safest option for these children. PMID:25179865

Jensen, Vibeke Myrup; Wüst, Miriam



How Post-Traumatic Stress Affects Mothers' Perceptions of Their Babies: A Brief Video Feedback Intervention Makes a Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the scant existing research on the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on mothers and their babies during the peripartum period and describes a pilot research project within the Infant-Family Service (IFS) at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital, an outpatient mental health service for inner-city families with…

Schechter, Daniel S.



Spillovers of Medicare Policies on Non-Medicare Patients: The Case of Critical Access Hospitals  

E-print Network

explore the e¤ect of hospital con- versions on neonatal mortality of babies delivered by mothers residing all births. The results suggest an increase of 6 percent in neonatal mortality for high-risk babies covered by other payers. Understanding these spillovers is particularly important in designing Medicare

Mateo, Jill M.


Low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age babies in Scotland, 1981-1984  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to examine the effect of maternal age, gravidity, marital status, previous perinatal deaths, and parental social class on babies born low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age. DESIGN--The study used data on discharge summaries from all maternity hospitals in Scotland. SETTING--The study was based on all singleton deliveries in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS--The analysis involved information on

S de Sanjose; E Roman



Bringing Up Baby with Baby Signs: Language Ideologies and Socialization in Hearing Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an analysis of the functional roles of "baby signing" in three hearing families in the United States, as well as a discussion of the social and ideological implications of the practice. Baby signing fits neatly into the parenting ideologies prevalent in the professional class in the United States that value early…

Pizer, Ginger; Walters, Keith; Meier, Richard P.



CAHNRS Alumni & Friends website  

E-print Network

#12;CAHNRS Alumni & Friends website: contents Cover: WSU's Butch T. Cougar Wsu at uCLa 9 Wsu vs. oregon, pullman, Homecoming 16 Wsu vs. arizona, pullman, Dad's Weekend 23 Wsu at stanford 30 Wsu at arizona state November 6 Wsu vs. California, pullman, armed Forces Day 13 Wsu at oregon

Collins, Gary S.


Recommend to a Friend?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New York's Cornell University spends millions of dollars and thousands of staff and volunteer hours to produce more than 1,400 events around the world each year. That's one event every six hours. Is it worth it? Do the 40,000 alumni, parents, and friends who attend feel closer to Cornell after these events? Do they disengage because Cornell didn't…

Cunningham, Jennifer Lynham



Cyber Friendly Fire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF

Frank L. Greitzer; Thomas E. Carroll; Adam D. Roberts




Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The search for environmentally friendly materials that have the potential to substitute for mineral oil in various industrial applications is currently being considered a top priority research topic in the fuel and energy sector. This emphasis is largely due to the rapid depletion of world fossil f...


How to Help a Friend  


... For Yourself For a Friend For Depression Resources How to Help a Friend It’s never easy to tell ... single year. Here you can find information on how to recognize a problem and some suggestions on how ...


Cup versus bottle feeding for hospitalized late preterm infants in Egypt: A quasi-experimental study  

PubMed Central

Background Although previous studies have demonstrated beneficial breastfeeding outcomes when cup feeding rather than bottle feeding was used for feeding preterm infants, cup feeding has not been implemented in Egypt. The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of using cup feeding as an exclusive method of feeding preterm infants during hospitalization on breastfeeding outcomes after discharge. Methods A quasi-experimental design, with the control group studied first, was used to examine the effect of cup feeding for preterm infants on breastfeeding outcomes after discharge. Sixty preterm infants (mean gestational age was 35.13 weeks and mean birth weight was 2150 grams) were recruited during Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) stay. Control group infants (n = 30) received only bottle feedings during hospitalization and the experimental group (n = 30) received only cup feedings during hospitalization. Both groups were followed up after discharge for six weeks to evaluate infant's breastfeeding behavior and mother's breastfeeding practices. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and repeated measures ANOVA for testing the differences between the cup feeding and bottle feeding groups over six weeks after discharge. Results Cup fed infants demonstrated significantly more mature breastfeeding behaviors when compared to bottle fed infants (p < 0.01) over six weeks, and had a significantly higher proportion of breast feedings one week after discharge (p = 0.03). Conclusion Cup fed infants were more exclusively breast fed one week after discharge, supporting the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative recommendations for using cup feeding and avoiding bottle feeding when providing supplementation for preterm infants. The current study provides initial evidence for the implementation of cup feeding as a method of supplementation for late preterm infants during hospitalization. Trial Registration Clinical Trial NCT00756587. PMID:19025602

Abouelfettoh, Amel M; Dowling, Donna A; Dabash, Soheir A; Elguindy, Shadia R; Seoud, Iman A



Baby universes in higher dimensional theories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the third quantization of baby universes in theories with space-time dimension greater than two. The mechanism for the vanishing of the cosmological constant extends to these theories. Naively, having the low-energy space-time dimension as large as possible seems to be selected by the baby universe ground state. Suggestions are made on how this result may be avoided. Further arguments are given that complex topologies are also favored. I would like to thank Jonathan Halliwell, Vipul Periwal and Andy Strominger for useful conversations.

Myers, Robert C.



Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry  


... this? Submit Button CDC Features Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry Share Compartir Risk ... messages, and helpful resources. How do people get Salmonella infections from live baby poultry? Live poultry may ...


Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies  


... can be prevented by vaccination. Who recommends that all babies get hepatitis B vaccination at birth? Medical ... B virus. Hepatitis B Shots Are Recommended for All New Babies. Hepatitis B Vaccine Helps Protect Your ...


Affordable luxury resort residences for the Baby Boomers  

E-print Network

The purpose of this thesis is to determine the business viability of Oasis Destination Club, the first destination club designed entirely for the upper middle income baby boomer. The baby boomer generation is the largest ...

Boyer, Mark Valdez



Certain Genes in Babies May Up Preterm Birth Risk  


... JavaScript. Certain Genes in Babies May Up Preterm Birth Risk Mother's genes don't appear linked to ... babies' genes may increase their risk of preterm birth, a new study suggests. Researchers analyzed the number ...


Environmentally friendly polysilane photoresists  

SciTech Connect

Several novel polysilanes synthesized by the free-radical hydrosilation of oligomeric polyphenylsilane or poly(p-tert- butylphenylsilane) were examined for lithographic behavior. This recently developed route into substituted polysilanes has allowed for the rational design of a variety of polysilanes with a typical chemical properties such as alcohol and aqueous base solubility. Many of the polysilane resists made could be developed in aqueous sodium carbonate and bicarbonate solutions. These materials represent environmentally friendly polysilane resists in both their synthesis and processing.

Beach, J.V.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hsiao, Yu-Ling; Waymouth, R.M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry



Portrait of Promise: Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome. [Videotape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shaken baby syndrome describes the serious injuries that can occur when a very young child is severely or violently shaken, causing the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. The syndrome usually originates when a parent or other caregiver shakes a baby out of anger or frustration, often because the baby would not stop crying or…

Junior League of St. Paul, MN.


Attitudes to and use of baby walkers in Dublin  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: To identify the rate of baby walker use, parental attitudes, and associated injuries. DESIGN: Parents of babies attending clinics for developmental assessment were surveyed by self administered questionnaire about their use, attitudes, and history of injuries associated with walkers. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland. SUBJECTS: Parents of 158 babies. RESULTS: Fifty five per cent of the sample used a walker. The

M. Laffoy; P. Fitzpatrick; M. Jordan; D. Dowdall



Cognitive Development Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because  

E-print Network

fitting babies as young as 3 months old with Velcro "sticky mittens" designed by Amy NeedhamCognitive Development in Infants Amanda Woodward, professor of psychology, studies babies because. In particular, Woodward probes how babies view other people. Human beings constantly infer other people's mental

Hill, Wendell T.


Jupiter - Friend or Foe?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has long been believed that the planet Jupiter has played a beneficial role in the development of life on the Earth, acting as a shield from objects which would otherwise go on to significantly raise the impact flux experienced by our planet. Without Jupiter, the story goes, the Earth would have experienced a far greater number of impacts, making it far less hospitable to burgeoning life. In an on-going series of separate studies[1,2], we have examined the effects of varying the mass of Jupiter on the impact flux that the Earth would experience from Near-Earth Objects sourced from the Asteroid belt, short-period comets sourced from the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, and long-period comets sourced from the Oort cloud. The results are remarkable - it seems that, far from being a shield, Jupiter actually acts to increase the impact flux experienced by the Earth over that which would be expected without the planet. Still more surprising, in the cases of the asteroids and Edgeworth-Kuiper belt objects, it seems that a Jupiter around 0.2 times the mass of "our Jupiter" would be even more threatening, sending a still greater number of objects our way. In order to simulate such disparate populations, different approaches to population construction were needed. The asteroidal and short-period comet populations each contained 100,000 test particles, moving on orbits typical of their class. The asteroids were initially distributed between 2 and 4 AU, with orbits of varying eccentricity and inclination, with number density varying as a function of semi-major axis. The short-period cometary flux was obtained through simulation of a population based on the subset of known Centaurs and Scattered Disk Objects which are Neptune-crossing, and have perihelia beyond the orbit of Uranus. These objects are the parents of the short-period comets, and were chosen since they are a population beyond the current influence of the planet Jupiter. Since our goal was to study the effect of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux at the Earth from the two populations, we followed our 100,000 particle populations for 10 million years, under the influence of the giant planets. Each particle was followed until it either hit something, or was ejected from the system. In this manner, we were able to follow the flux of objects onto the Earth as a function of time. The simulations were repeated over a wide range of Jupiter masses, with all other variables being held constant, allowing us to observe the variations in impact flux as a function of Jovian mass. In the cases of the asteroids and the short-period comets, Jupiter was observed to significantly modify the impact flux which would be experienced by the planet Earth. It was immediately obvious, however, that the old idea that Jupiter shields us from impacts no longer holds. For both of these populations, the lowest impact rates were experienced when the Jupiter-like planet in the system had the lowest mass, rose rapidly to a peak flux at around 0.2 Jupiter masses, before falling away more slowly. Therefore, for the asteroids and short-period comets, it seems that our Jupiter does offer some shielding, when compared to the case where the planet has a mass of around 0.2 MJ, but, compared to the scenario where no Jupiter is present at all (or the Jupiter in question has very low mass), Jupiter actually acts to increase the Earth-bound flux. Simulations are currently underway with the goal of analysing the effects of Jupiter's mass on the impact flux from the long-period comets (deflected inward towards the Earth from the Oort cloud). Further into the future, we intend to study the effects of Jovian position of the impact flux, with the goal of answering, once and for all, the question - "Jupiter - Friend or Foe?".

Horner, J.; Jones, B. W.



Healthy Birth Practice #6: Keep Mother and Baby Together- It's Best for Mother, Baby, and Breastfeeding.  


Mothers and babies have a physiologic need to be together at the moment of birth and during the hours and days that follow. Keeping mothers and babies together is a safe and healthy birth practice. Evidence supports immediate, uninterrupted skin-to-skin care after vaginal birth and during and after cesarean surgery for all stable mothers and babies, regardless of feeding preference. Unlimited opportunities for skin-to-skin care and breastfeeding promote optimal maternal and child outcomes. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the "Lamaze International Care Practices That Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #6: No Separation of Mother and Baby, With Unlimited Opportunities for Breastfeeding," published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411542

Crenshaw, Jeannette T



Talk With Baby: A Guide for Parents.  

E-print Network

TDOC ZTA245.7 B873 no, 14tpl A Guide for Parents ~ TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE ~ "-7 THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? College Station, Texas 8aby learns from you You teach babies to talk as you take...




Health Behaviors among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among "Baby Boomer" caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state's non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and…

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.



For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

. Sleep surface matters. Babies who sleep on a soft surface, such as an adult bed, or under a soft covering, such as a soft blanket or quilt, are more likely to die of SIDS or suffocation. Always place your-related causes of infant death. Firm sleep surfaces can include safety-approved* cribs, bassinets, and portable

Rau, Don C.


Back to School for Retired Baby Boomers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the nation, schools increasingly are tapping into a vast resource pool--retired educators. The potential effects of the retirement boom--baby boomers reaching retirement age--have been well documented. An April 2009 "New York Times" article estimates that by 2013, more than one-third of the nation's 3.2 million teachers could retire. One…

Bumgardner, Stan



For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP  

E-print Network

-related causes of infant death? There is no sure way to prevent SIDS, but parents and caregivers can takeSafe Sleep For Your Baby SAFE TO SLEEP Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Other Sleep-Related Causes of Infant Death Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health

Rau, Don C.


Learning from Babies: Vital Lessons for Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the positive outcomes from the Philadelphia-based Educating Children for Parenting (ECP) program, founded in 1978, which aims to take advantage of children's fascination with babies and their easily triggered emotional investment in learning how to care for them. The program brings a parent and infant into the classroom…

Puriefoy-Brinkley, Jacquelynn; Bardige, Betty



Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers. Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the article, "Completion Agenda for Baby Boomers", Moltz highlights how community colleges are currently implementing programs, such as the American Association of Community Colleges' Plus 50 Completion strategy, to encourage older learners to return to America's college campuses. The effects of the recent recession and the educational desires…

Fishman, Seth



The Temperamental Characteristics of Chinese Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the usefulness of Carey's Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire in the Chinese culture and used the questionnaire to assess the temperamental characteristics of Chinese babies. While the general pattern of results resembled data from Carey's American sample, differences were found, which could be interpreted in terms of response…

Hsu, Chen-chin; And Others



Born Too Soon: Care for the preterm baby  

PubMed Central

As part of a supplement entitled "Born Too Soon", this paper focuses on care of the preterm newborn. An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and the survival gap between those born in high and low income countries is widening, with one million deaths a year due to direct complications of preterm birth, and around one million more where preterm birth is a risk factor, especially amongst those who are also growth restricted. Most premature babies (>80%) are between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and many die needlessly for lack of simple care. We outline a series of packages of care that build on essential care for every newborn comprising support for immediate and exclusive breastfeeding, thermal care, and hygienic cord and skin care. For babies who do not breathe at birth, rapid neonatal resuscitation is crucial. Extra care for small babies, including Kangaroo Mother Care, and feeding support, can halve mortality in babies weighing <2000 g. Case management of newborns with signs of infection, safe oxygen management and supportive care for those with respiratory complications, and care for those with significant jaundice are all critical, and are especially dependent on competent nursing care. Neonatal intensive care units in high income settings are de-intensifying care, for example increasing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and this makes comprehensive preterm care more transferable. For health systems in low and middle income settings with increasing facility births, district hospitals are the key frontier for improving obstetric and neonatal care, and some large scale programmes now include specific newborn care strategies. However there are still around 50 million births outside facilities, hence home visits for mothers and newborns, as well as women's groups are crucial for reaching these families, often the poorest. A fundamental challenge is improving programmatic tracking data for coverage and quality, and measuring disability-free survival. The power of parent's voices has been important in high-income countries in bringing attention to preterm newborns, but is still missing from the most affected countries. Declaration This article is part of a supplement jointly funded by Save the Children's Saving Newborn Lives programme through a grant from The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and March of Dimes Foundation and published in collaboration with the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). The original article was published in PDF format in the WHO Report "Born Too Soon: the global action report on preterm birth" (ISBN 978 92 4 150343 30), which involved collaboration from more than 50 organizations. The article has been reformatted for journal publication and has undergone peer review according to Reproductive Health's standard process for supplements and may feature some variations in content when compared to the original report. This co-publication makes the article available to the community in a full-text format. PMID:24625233



FriendSensing: recommending friends using mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-networking sites, such as Facebook, require members to manually find and confirm their friends. Finding friends is tedious for some and may be made less so by automating the process. We propose to do so by means of a framework that we call FriendSensing. Using short-range technologies (e.g., Bluetooth) on their mobile phones, social-networking users \\

Daniele Quercia; Licia Capra



Dementia-friendly neighbourhoods.  


Six research projects that will improve understanding of dementia are to receive £20 million in funding from the UK government. The projects, which will be overseen by the National Institute for Health Research and the Economic and Social Research Council, include investigations into creating dementia-friendly neighbourhoods; the lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of developing the condition; training care home staff to support patients who become agitated; improving predictions of the future financial costs of dementia; living well with the condition; and the effects of visual aids on wellbeing and quality of life. PMID:24576246

Duffin, Christian



Continuous exclusive breastfeeding and some related factors in the selected hospitals of Isfahan  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Exclusive nutrition with breastfeeding is the health provider of the infant and mothers and its continuing would provide more advantages. Exclusive nutrition on different communities is affected by different factors. This study aimed to determine continuous exclusive breastfeeding and some of the related factors. METHODS: This was a descriptive-analysis prospective study. The study population included all the breastfed mothers admitted in the obstetrics wards of the selected hospitals. Selecting the hospitals also was done randomly. Data collection tools included a questionnaire completed by 291 mothers. To obtain the data about breastfeeding duration, mothers were phone called at the first and sixth postpartum months. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics and software SPSS. RESULTS: Estimation of mean and standard deviation of exclusive breastfeeding duration at the first and sixth months after the delivery, respectively, were 3.86 (0.55) and 23.67 (6.63) weeks. One month after the delivery, 93.1%, 6.2% and 0.7% of the mothers, respectively, had exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding with formula milk or other ingredients and discontinuation of breastfeeding; 6 months after the delivery, these values changed to 86.3, 12 and 1.7%, respectively. The most frequent period of breastfeeding discontinuation (6.9%) was related to 1-4 weeks. The results indicated that statistically there was a significant correlation between breastfeeding duration and age and the birth hospital. While the results of the study showed no association between breastfeeding duration and number of the children, duration of marriage, educational level and mothers’ occupation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study represented a high continuous exclusive breastfeeding which perhaps was due to applied baby-friendly hospitals strategies. Furthermore, to prevent from discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding, knowing the discontinuation time and its related factors, particularly the first four postpartum weeks, can increase the knowledge of the health staff about counseling and education. PMID:22224108

Esfahani, Mitra Savabi; Fathizadeh, Nahid



Preventing FASD: Healthy Women, Healthy Babies  


... effective at reducing risk. 6 Target women at highest risk through treatment of alcohol • • Helping her find ... care providers, families, friends, and other increased or highest risk may be more effective in reducing community ...


Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

PubMed Central

Background There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to describe the BIBE study protocol. The BIBE study aims to determine the effectiveness of a brief intervention within the context of Primary Care, directed to mothers and fathers that smoke, in order to reduce the exposure of babies to passive smoking (ETS). Methods/Design Cluster randomized field trial (control and intervention group), multicentric and open. Subject: Fathers and/or mothers who are smokers and their babies (under 18 months) that attend pediatric services in Primary Care in Catalonia. The measurements will be taken at three points in time, in each of the fathers and/or mothers who respond to a questionnaire regarding their baby's clinical background and characteristics of the baby's exposure, together with variables related to the parents' tobacco consumption. A hair sample of the baby will be taken at the beginning of the study and at six months after the initial visit (biological determination of nicotine). The intervention group will apply a brief intervention in passive smoking after specific training and the control group will apply the habitual care. Discussion Exposure to ETS is an avoidable factor related to infant morbimortality. Interventions to reduce exposure to ETS in babies are potentially beneficial for their health. The BIBE study evaluates an intervention to reduce exposure to ETS that takes advantage of pediatric visits. Interventions in the form of advice, conducted by pediatric professionals, are an excellent opportunity for prevention and protection of infants against the harmful effects of ETS. Trial Registration Clinical Identifier: NCT00788996. PMID:21171981



Friendly social robot that understands human's friendly relationships  

E-print Network

, a robot system can estimate a human's subjective evaluation of the robot by observing his/her body-attention mechanism [7]. In these systems, the robots identify humans' intentions from their behaviors. FurthermoreFriendly social robot that understands human's friendly relationships Takayuki Kanda 1 , Rumi Sato

Kanda, Takayuki


Friends with Benefits: Women Want "Friends", Men Want "Benefits"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One-hundred-and-seventy undergraduates at a large southeastern university completed a confidential anonymous 23 item questionnaire designed to assess the prevalence, attitudes, and sex differences of involvement in a "friends with benefits" (FWB) relationship (non romantic friends who also have a sexual relationship). Almost sixty percent of both…

McGinty, Kristen; Knox, David; Zusman, Marty E.



UCSF Betty Irene Moore Women's Hospital On February 1, 2015, one of the nation's premier medical centers  

E-print Network

's Hospital is designed to treat the whole woman, not just her symptoms, with compassion, innovation imbalances. Exceptional Features: · Onsite helipad to transport pregnant women, babies and children

Derisi, Joseph


Superconducting properties of BaBi3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the superconducting properties of single crystals of the intermetallic compound BaBi3, whose crystal structure is perovskite related. The superconducting transition temperature ({{T}_{c}}=5.82 K) was obtained from heat capacity measurements. Using the measured values for the critical fields {{H}_{c1}},{{H}_{c2}}, and the specific heat C, we estimate the thermodynamic critical field H c (0), coherence length ?(0), Debye temperature {{\\Theta }_{D}} and coupling constant ?ep. \\Delta C/\\gamma {{T}_{c}} and ?ep suggest that BaBi3 is a weakly coupled superconductor. Electronic band structure calculations show a complex Fermi surface and a moderately high DOS at the Fermi level. Further analysis of the electronic specific heat shows that the superconducting properties are dominated by s-wave gap.

Haldolaarachchige, Neel; Kushwaha, S. K.; Gibson, Quinn; Cava, R. J.



Misshapen Heads in Babies: Position or Pathology?  

PubMed Central

A newborn's skull is highly malleable and rapidly expanding. As a result, any restrictive or constrictive forces applied to a baby's head can result in dramatic distortions. These changes can be mild, reversible deformations or severe, irreversible malformations that can result in brain injury. This paper reviews the anatomy and physiology of normal and abnormal brain and skull growth, the etiology of cranial deformation, the types of craniosynostosis most commonly seen in infants, and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. PMID:21765737

Bronfin, Daniel R.



Protect Your Baby and Yourself from Listeriosis  


... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Your Baby and Yourself from Listeriosis Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...


Community Colleges Offer Baby Boomers an Encore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2005 MetLife Foundation/Civic Ventures New Face of Work Survey found that many baby boomers are eager to make career changes that can launch a new chapter in their working lives while they make social contribution. The survey found that 50 percent of Americans age 50 to 70 want jobs that contribute to the greater good. It found that more than 53…

Emeagwali, N. Susan



Understanding Friendship between Critical Friends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conceptual article discusses the issue of friendship implied by the term "critical friends". Our argument relates to the generalized use of the term "friendship" and the assumptions that it may carry compared with the actuality of the roles played by critical friends. We attempt to build a more precise definition of friendship which we…

Gibbs, Paul; Angelides, Panayiotis



Understanding friendship between critical friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

This conceptual article discusses the issue of friendship implied by the term `critical friends'. Our argument relates to the generalized use of the term `friendship' and the assumptions that it may carry compared with the actuality of the roles played by critical friends. We attempt to build a more precise definition of friendship which we believe can clarify what critical

Paul Gibbs; Panayiotis Angelides



Your Friends the Quaker Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Friends Council on Education is a coordinating organization that provides oversight, special services, and inspiration to 68 Friends schools in the United States and Canada. The functions of the Council and the educational and philosophical goals of Quaker schools are discussed. (MLF)

Johnson, Eric W.



Health Behaviors Among Baby Boomer Informal Caregivers  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This study examines health-risk behaviors among “Baby Boomer” caregivers and non-caregivers. Design and Methods: Data from the 2009 California Health Interview Survey of the state’s non-institutionalized population provided individual-level, caregiving, and health behavior characteristics for 5,688 informal caregivers and 12,941 non-caregivers. Logistic regression models were estimated separately for four individual health-risk behaviors—smoking, sedentary behavior, and regular soda and fast-food consumption—as well as a global health-risk measure. Results: Controlling for psychological distress and personal characteristics and social resources such as age, gender, income and education, work and marital status, and neighborhood safety, caregivers had greater odds than non-caregivers of overall negative health behavior and of smoking and regular soda and fast-food consumption. We did not observe significant differences in odds of negative behavior related to stress for spousal caregivers and caregivers in the role for longer periods of time or those providing more hours of weekly care compared with other caregivers. Implications: Our study found evidence that Baby Boomer caregivers engage in poor health behaviors that are associated with exposure to caregiving. Baby Boomer caregivers may be at risk for certain behavioral factors that are associated with disability and chronic illness. PMID:22391873

Hoffman, Geoffrey J.; Lee, Jihey; Mendez-Luck, Carolyn A.



Advanced Environment Friendly Nanotechnologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The economic, security, military and environmental implications of molecular manufacturing are extreme. Unfortunately, conflicting definitions of nanotechnology and blurry distinctions between significantly different fields have complicated the effort to understand those differences and to develop sensible, effective policy for each. The risks of today's nanoscale technologies cannot be treated the same as the risks of longer-term molecular manufacturing. It is a mistake to put them together in one basket for policy consideration — each is important to address, but they offer different problems and will require far different solutions. As used today, the term nanotechnology usually refers to a broad collection of mostly disconnected fields. Essentially, anything sufficiently small and interesting can be called nanotechnology. Much of it is harmless. For the rest, much of the harm is of familiar and limited quality. Molecular manufacturing, by contrast, will bring unfamiliar risks and new classes of problems. The advanced environment friendly nanotechnologies elaborated by Israel Company Polymate Ltd. — International Research Center are illustrated.

Figovsky, O.; Beilin, D.; Blank, N.


Friends of Trees  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Portland, Oregon, the Friends of Trees organization is dedicated to restoring urban forests around the country, with a particular emphasis on the Portland metropolitan area. As their Web site notes, "Trees are an essential part of the urban ecosystem. They help keep our water and air clean, prevent erosion, provide wildlife habitat, and make neighborhoods greener, more beautiful places to live." On the site, visitors can read about their ongoing planting activities and browse the newsletter they publish three times a year. For most visitors, the most helpful area of the site will be the Tree Resources section. Here, users can look through a fact sheet on the benefits of trees in urban environments, the care and maintenance of trees, and a large tree database.


Microbes: Friend or Foe?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site contains the online companion to an episode of the PBS series, Closer to the Truth, which "brings together leading scientists, scholars and artists to debate latest discoveries and their impact on the human condition." Microbes -- Friend or Foe? offers a thought-provoking look at the role of microbes and the importance of "maintaining a microbial balance of power" on the planet. Visitors may download a transcript or view video clips of the episode, or delve deeper into the topic through online interviews with the program's panel of experts. The site also provides a useful glossary of key terms as defined by the episode's guest speakers -- some terms come with a video clip.


The Friend of Man  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many ways to understand the anti-slavery movements in the United States during the 19th century, and newspapers are but one of the key primary document types used by historians. Cornell University is fortunate enough to have a near complete run of the "Friend of Man" newspaper, which was published between 1836 and 1842. This very intriguing title allows curious visitors to learn about a group of people in central New York interested in "changing America" during this unique period. The paper documents the "regional interconnectedness of reform" throughout the region, with a focus on cities such as Utica, Rochester, Buffalo, Albany and New York City. Visitors to the site can browse through the various issues at their leisure and they can also perform a full-text search.



Baby-led weaning: transitioning to solid foods at the baby's own pace.  


Baby-led weaning is an approach to the introduction of solid foods that is being followed by increasing numbers of parents, but what is it, and should health visitors be encouraging it? This paper aims to refresh practitioners' background knowledge of complementary feeding and to outline the key features of baby-led weaning, as well as to explore the evidence that supports this approach as a logical adjunct to the move to six months for the introduction of solid foods. The more common concerns of parents and professionals, such as choking and iron intake, are addressed. Tips for implementing baby-led weaning are included and some of the potential benefits identified. PMID:21739856

Rapley, Gill



Sleep cycle studies in babies of undernourished mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polygraphic sleep cycle studies--comprising simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG), electrocardiogram (ECG), electro-oculogram (ECOG), phasic body activity and respiration--were performed on 19 term newborn babies born to severely undernourished mothers, and results compared with 19 healthy newborn babies. The sleep cycle in babies of undernourished mothers showed disorganisation during active rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and quiet nonrapid eye movement (NREM)

V P Bhatia; G P Katiyar; K N Agarwal; T K Das; P K Dey



Cyber Friendly Fire  

SciTech Connect

Cyber friendly fire (FF) is a new concept that has been brought to the attention of Department of Defense (DoD) stakeholders through two workshops that were planned and conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and research conducted for AFRL by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. With this previous work in mind, we offer a definition of cyber FF as intentional offensive or defensive cyber/electronic actions intended to protect cyber systems against enemy forces or to attack enemy cyber systems, which unintentionally harms the mission effectiveness of friendly or neutral forces. Just as with combat friendly fire, a fundamental need in avoiding cyber FF is to maintain situation awareness (SA). We suggest that cyber SA concerns knowledge of a system's topology (connectedness and relationships of the nodes in a system), and critical knowledge elements such as the characteristics and vulnerabilities of the components that comprise the system (and that populate the nodes), the nature of the activities or work performed, and the available defensive (and offensive) countermeasures that may be applied to thwart network attacks. A training implication is to raise awareness and understanding of these critical knowledge units; an approach to decision aids and/or visualizations is to focus on supporting these critical knowledge units. To study cyber FF, we developed an unclassified security test range comprising a combination of virtual and physical devices that present a closed network for testing, simulation, and evaluation. This network offers services found on a production network without the associated costs of a real production network. Containing enough detail to appear realistic, this virtual and physical environment can be customized to represent different configurations. For our purposes, the test range was configured to appear as an Internet-connected Managed Service Provider (MSP) offering specialized web applications to the general public. The network is essentially divided into a production component that hosts the web and network services, and a user component that hosts thirty employee workstations and other end devices. The organization's network is separated from the Internet by a Cisco ASA network security device that both firewalls and detects intrusions. Business sensitive information is stored in various servers. This includes data comprising thousands of internal documents, such as finance and technical designs, email messages for the organization's employees including the CEO, CFO, and CIO, the organization's source code, and Personally Identifiable client data. Release of any of this information to unauthorized parties would have a significant, detrimental impact on the organization's reputation, which would harm earnings. The valuable information stored in these servers pose obvious points of interest for an adversary. We constructed several scenarios around this environment to support studies in cyber SA and cyber FF that may be run in the test range. We describe mitigation strategies to combat cyber FF including both training concepts and suggestions for decision aids and visualization approaches. Finally, we discuss possible future research directions.

Greitzer, Frank L.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Roberts, Adam D.



Baby schema modulates the brain reward system in nulliparous women  

E-print Network

Konrad Lorenz defined the baby schema (``Kindchen- schema'') as a set of infantile physical features, regardless of kinship. caregiving functional MRI social cognition infant accumbens Ethologist Konrad Lorenz

Carrington, Emily


Field Friendly Tuberculosis Biosensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a fading threat in the United States, but in the developing world it is still a major health-care concern. Given the rising number of cases and lack of resources, there is a desperate need for an affordable, portable detection system. We are working towards the development of a field-friendly immunological biosensor that utilizes florescence microscopy to undertake this task. We observe fluorescently labeled antibodies/antigens as they bind to a glass slide treated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in order to inhibit non-specific adsorption. Antibodies against the antigens of interest are bound to the PEGylated glass slides via biotin-streptavidin interactions. Then, fluorescently labeled antibodies are mixed with different concentrations of TB antigens and this solution is incubated on the treated glass slides for 30 minutes. The slides are thoroughly rinsed with water following the incubation period. The antigens are then detected by fluorescence using a low-cost biosensor. Our system includes a ``supermarket-scanner'' HeNe laser, home-built electronics, off-the-shelf optics and a Si photodiode. Work is underway to incorporate a flow-cell into the system, in a small portable box.

Proper, N.; Scherman, M. S.; Jevsevar, K. L.; Stone, J.; McNeil, M. R.; Krapf, D.



Friendly units for coldness  

E-print Network

Measures of temperature that center around human experience get lots of use. Of course thermal physics insights of the last century have shown that reciprocal temperature (1/kT) has applications that temperature addresses less well. In addition to taking on negative absolute values under population inversion (e.g. of magnetic spins), bits and bytes turn 1/kT into an informatic measure of the thermal ambient for developing correlations within any complex system. We show here that, in the human-friendly units of bytes and food Calories, water freezes when 1/kT ~200 ZB/Cal or kT ~5 Cal/YB. Casting familiar benchmarks into these terms shows that habitable human space requires coldness values (part of the time, at least) between 0 and 40 ZB/Cal with respect body temperature ~100 degrees F, a range in kT of ~1 Cal/YB. Insight into these physical quantities underlying thermal equilibration may prove useful for budding scientists, as well as the general public, in years ahead.

Fraundorf, P



Environmental friendly nitrogen fertilization.  


With the huge intensification of agriculture and the increasing awareness to human health and natural resources sustainability, there was a shift towards the development of environmental friendly N application approaches that support sustainable use of land and sustain food production. The effectiveness of such approaches depends on their ability to synchronize plant nitrogen demand with its supply and the ability to apply favored compositions and dosages of N-species. They are also influenced by farming scale and its sophistication, and include the following key concepts: (i) Improved application modes such as split or localized ("depot") application; (ii) use of bio-amendments like nitrification and urease inhibitors and combinations of (i) and (ii); (iii) use of controlled and slow release fertilizers; (iv) Fertigation-fertilization via irrigation systems including fully automated and controlled systems; and (v) precision fertilization in large scale farming systems. The paper describes the approaches and their action mechanisms and examines their agronomic and environmental significance. The relevance of the approaches for different farming scales, levels of agronomic intensification and agro-technical sophistication is examined as well. PMID:20549448

Shaviv, Avi



Environmental friendly nitrogen fertilization.  


With the huge intensification of agriculture and the increasing awareness to human health and natural resources sustainability, there was a shift towards the development of environmental friendly N application approaches that support sustainable use of land and sustain food production. The effectiveness of such approaches depends on their ability to synchronize plant nitrogen demand with its supply and the ability to apply favored compositions and dosages of N-species. They are also influenced by farming scale and its sophistication, and include the following key concepts: (i) Improved application modes such as split or localized ("depot") application; (ii) use of bio-amendments like nitrification and urease inhibitors and combinations of (i) and (ii); (iii) use of controlled and slow release fertilizers; (iv) Fertigation-fertilization via irrigation systems including fully automated and controlled systems; and (v) precision fertilization in large scale farming systems. The paper describes the approaches and their action mechanisms and examines their agronomic and environmental significance. The relevance of the approaches for different farming scales, levels of agronomic intensification and agro-technical sophistication is examined as well. PMID:16512215

Shaviv, Avi



Baby Learning Through Baby Play, A Parent's Guide for the First Two Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The games described in this book for parents are designed to do several things. First, they will help the baby develop basic skills such as focusing the eyes, coordinating the eye and hand, and distinguishing differences among almost identical objects. Second, once he has these basic skills, he needs to become aware of how the skills can be useful…

Gordon, Ira J.


Passive smoking in babies: The BIBE study (Brief Intervention in babies. Effectiveness)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exposure to passive smoking in general, and in babies in particular, is an important cause of morbimortality. Passive smoking is related to an increased risk of pediatric diseases such as sudden death syndrome, acute respiratory diseases, worsening of asthma, acute-chronic middle ear disease and slowing of lung growth. The objective of this article is to

Guadalupe Ortega; Cristina Castellà; Carlos Martín-Cantera; Jose L Ballvé; Estela Díaz; Marc Saez; Juan Lozano; Lourdes Rofes; Concepció Morera; Antònia Barceló; Carmen Cabezas; Jose A Pascual; Raúl Pérez-Ortuño; Esteve Saltó; Araceli Valverde; Mireia Jané



Inspecting Baby Skyrmions with Effective Metrics  

E-print Network

In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks and Hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globaly hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

Gary Gibbons; Erico Goulart



Inspecting baby Skyrmions with effective metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper we investigate the causal structure of the baby Skyrme model using appropriate geometrical tools. We discuss several features of excitations propagating on top of background solutions and show that the evolution of high frequency waves is governed by a curved effective geometry. Examples are given for which the effective metric describes the interaction between waves and solitonic solutions such as kinks, antikinks, and hedgehogs. In particular, it is shown how violent processes involving the collisions of solitons and antisolitons may induce metrics which are not globally hyperbolic. We argue that it might be illuminating to calculate the effective metric as a diagnostic test for pathological regimes in numerical simulations.

Gibbons, G. W.; Goulart, E.



77 FR 37000 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...articles known as baby-bouncers and walker- jumpers. The collection of information...called ``baby-bouncers'' and ``walker-jumpers.'' A. Requirements for...



Baby Bears @ Cal: campus support for expectant and new parents Academic achievement and progress to degree  

E-print Network

Baby Bears @ Cal: campus support for expectant and new parents Academic achievement and progress · Distribution point for new parent and Bear Pantry donations: (diapers, baby clothes, baby food, car seats, high

Jacobs, Lucia


Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby  


... f InteliHealth Medical Content 2011-08-14 Prenatal Care for Teens: Taking Care of You and Your Baby If you decide to have the baby, you should take care of yourself and your growing baby. There's a ...


Energy Efficient, Environmentally Friendly Refrigerants  

E-print Network

This paper describes a new family of safe, environmentally friendly, high performance substitute refrigerants for application in manufacturing and facilities operations. Due to the Montreal Protocol and subsequent environmental regulations, CFC...

Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; Dhooge, P. M.


The Magazine for Alumni & Friends  

E-print Network

Entrepreneurship pg 14 #12;The Magazine for Alumni & Friends of the College of Business Administration involvement creates your network. The economy is changing, the world is changing. Business is changing. Here . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Dominic Blank Exploring American Entrepreneurship

Illinois at Chicago, University of


Safety evaluation of superabsorbent baby diapers.  


Superabsorbent disposable baby diapers are sophisticated, well-engineered products that provide many benefits including convenience, comfort, exceptional leakage protection, improved hygiene and skin care benefits compared with cloth diapers. Safety assurance is an integral part of the diaper development process at Procter & Gamble, with the goal of ensuring safety for both caregivers and babies. A systematic, stepwise approach to safety assessment starts with a thorough evaluation of new design features and materials, using the principles of general risk assessment including, as appropriate, controlled trials to assess clinical endpoints or independent scientific review of safety data. The majority of the diaper materials are polymers that are safe and do not have inherent toxicity issues. Trace amounts of non-polymeric materials, such as colorants, are assessed based on their skin contact potential. New materials or design features are introduced in marketed products only if they have been shown to be safe under the conditions of recommended or foreseeable use. The product safety continues to be confirmed after launch by means of in-market monitoring. This article provides a broad overview of human safety exposure-based risk assessment used at Procter & Gamble for absorbent hygiene products. PMID:18992296

Kosemund, Kirstin; Schlatter, Harald; Ochsenhirt, Jennifer L; Krause, Edburga L; Marsman, Daniel S; Erasala, Geetha N



Motivations of Baby Boomer Doctoral Learners: A Grounded Theory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop a substantive theory of the motivations of Baby Boomer doctoral learners, using the grounded theory approach. These Baby Boomers possess a wealth of wisdom. Their experiences, coupled with educational credentials, could take their leadership abilities to the next level. The grounded theory method developed by…

Williams, Julia J.



Talking with Your Baby: Family as the First School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that children s first words are exciting for parents to hear, this book describes how babies can "talk" before they learn to say actual words and shows ways parents can help babies learn language. The book addresses a neglected area in child development--how to help low literacy parents and parents for whom English is a Second Language…

Honig, Alice Sterling; Brophy, Holly Elisabeth


If I Had - A Baby with a Lung Complication  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Tufts University School of Medicine. Dr. Davis' research interests involve development of novel therapeutic approaches to prevent neonatal lung damage, brain injury and invasive infections. If I had a baby with a lung complication... One of the things about which we are most concerned when babies ...


Babies' Self-Regulation: Taking a Broad Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-regulation is a complex process that involves coordinating various systems of the body and mind, including feelings. It's not only about emotions but also about cognition. Self-regulation has an impact on social development, influencing how babies and toddlers get along with others. Through self-regulation, babies and toddlers learn to pay…

Elliot, Enid; Gonzalez-Mena, Janet



Baby Boom Equals Career Bust. Monographs on Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting the Baby Boom (1946-1965) as both a potential social problem and opportunity for American leadership, this monograph discusses the following aspects of this population concern: (1) its immediate and long-term impact on career opportunities for those college graduates who make up the baby boom generation; (2) its impact on those whose…

Moore, Charles Guy


Infants & Toddlers "What's Going On? How to Hold Squriming Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Simple strategies, caregivers can learn to effectively communicate with infants through touch. This article offers suggestions and techniques for calming squirming babies of all types and ages who seem to be unable to find a comfortable position while being held. She begins by suggesting that care givers of very small babies be patient and…

Honig, Alice Sterling



An intervention to discourage Australian mothers from unnecessarily exposing their babies to the sun for therapeutic reasons.  


Parents play a key role in children's sun-protective behaviour, with good sun-protective habits established early tending to be sustained. We designed a maternity hospital-based educational intervention to reduce myths that could result in mothers intentionally sunning their babies. Interviews were conducted with two cross-sections of healthy post-partum inpatients in the maternity ward of a large regional public hospital. The first group (n = 106) was recruited before the commencement of educational in-services for maternity nursing staff; the second group (n = 203) was interviewed after the last staff in-service session. More pre-intervention than post-intervention women reported they would expose their baby to sunlight to: treat suspected jaundice (28.8% vs. 13.3%; p < 0.001) or help their baby's skin adapt to sunlight (10.5% vs. 2.5%; p = 0.003). Fewer post-intervention women indicated they would sun themselves to treat breastfeeding-associated sore/cracked nipples (7.6% vs. 2%; p = 0.026). This educational intervention should be used to educate parents, health professionals and students. PMID:23751251

Harrison, Simone; Nowak, Madeleine; Devine, Susan; Saunders, Vicki; Smith, Annika; Buettner, Petra



Your Baby Learns About Love From You Your baby learns about most things from  

E-print Network

, hug, or kiss is better than rewarding with a new toy. Your baby will know that she is loved'll refuse to sit down! I hold a toy in one hand while I pull myself up on my feet with the other hand. I may on your face and copy it. I'm learning from you! I try to bark and meow when I see a dog or a cat. I am

Johnson, Eric E.


Boltzmann babies in the proper time measure  

SciTech Connect

After commenting briefly on the role of the typicality assumption in science, we advocate a phenomenological approach to the cosmological measure problem. Like any other theory, a measure should be simple, general, well defined, and consistent with observation. This allows us to proceed by elimination. As an example, we consider the proper time cutoff on a geodesic congruence. It predicts that typical observers are quantum fluctuations in the early universe, or Boltzmann babies. We sharpen this well-known youngness problem by taking into account the expansion and open spatial geometry of pocket universes. Moreover, we relate the youngness problem directly to the probability distribution for observables, such as the temperature of the cosmic background radiation. We consider a number of modifications of the proper time measure, but find none that would make it compatible with observation.

Bousso, Raphael; Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-Sheng



Baby’s Breath II protocol development and design: A secondhand smoke exposure prevention program targeting infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit  

PubMed Central

Background Over one-third of all children live with at least one parent who smokes cigarettes, which is associated with compromised child health. The impact of secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) in medically fragile infants born prematurely is likely to be much higher. The Baby’s Breath II study tests whether a hospital-initiated, motivational-enhancement program will result in less SHSe relative to conventional care in high-risk, low birthweight (LBW) infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The design and protocol for the ongoing BBII trial is described. Methods/design Eligible participants are: (1) primary caregivers (typically mothers) of NICU infants who were born at LBW (<2500 g) or ventilated for more than 12 h; and (2) who smoke or live with at least one smoker. This randomized controlled trial has two conditions: Motivational interviewing plus incentives (MI+) and conventional care (CC). MI+ participants receive two hospital-based and two home-based counseling sessions, as well as incentives (i.e., prize-based draws) for (a) intervention attendance and (b) biochemical validation (i.e., urine cotinine dipstick) indicative of low or no infant SHSe. Participants in the control group receive conventional education-based care. Assessments are completed at baseline, mid-point, and 1- and 4-months post-intervention. Discussion This study is the first to determine the efficacy of a brief intervention for reducing SHSe among high-risk, LBW infants discharged from a NICU, with the potential for saving lives and healthcare costs. Strengths, limitations and challenges to the conduct of this trial are discussed. PMID:23466754

Stotts, Angela L.; Northrup, Thomas F.; Schmitz, Joy M.; Green, Charles; Tyson, Jon; Velasquez, Mary M.; Khan, Amir; Hovell, Melbourne F.



Implementing the ten steps to successful breastfeeding in multiple hospitals serving low-wealth patients in the US: innovative research design and baseline findings  

PubMed Central

Background The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are maternity practices proven to support successful achievement of exclusive breastfeeding. They also are the basis for the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI). This study explores implementation of these steps in hospitals that serve predominantly low wealth populations. Methods A quasi-experimental design with mixed methods for data collection and analysis was included within an intervention project. We compared the impact of a modified Ten Steps implementation approach to a control group. The intervention was carried out in hospitals where: 1) BFHI designation was not necessarily under consideration, and 2) the majority of the patient population was low wealth, i.e., eligible for Medicaid. Hospitals in the research aspect of this project were systematically assigned to one of two groups: Initial Intervention or Initial Control/Later Intervention. This paper includes analyses from the baseline data collection, which consisted of an eSurvey (i.e., Carolina B-KAP), Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care survey tool (mPINC), the BFHI Self-Appraisal, key informant interviews, breastfeeding data, and formatted feedback discussion. Results Comparability was ensured by statistical and non-parametric tests of baseline characteristics of the two groups. Additional findings of interest included: 1) a universal lack of consistent breastfeeding records and statistics for regular monitoring/review, 2) widespread misinterpretation of associated terminology, 3) health care providers’ reported practices not necessarily reflective of their knowledge and attitudes, and 4) specific steps were found to be associated with hospital breastfeeding rates. A comprehensive set of facilitators and obstacles to initiation of the Ten Steps emerged, and hospital-specific practice change challenges were identified. Discussion This is one of the first studies to examine introduction of the Ten Steps in multiple hospitals with a control group and in hospitals that were not necessarily interested in BFHI designation, where the population served is predominantly low wealth, and with the use of a mixed methods approach. Limitations including numbers of hospitals and inability to adhere to all elements of the design are discussed. Conclusions For improvements in quality of care for breastfeeding dyads, innovative and site-specific intervention modification must be considered. PMID:23688264



User-Friendly...Or What?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of user-friendly documentation focuses on problems with computer hardware and software documentation, and other forms of instructional manuals, that are poorly written and do not keep the needs of the users in mind. Topics highlighted include target audience analysis and validation and indexes. (LRW)

Deterline, William A.



Informed Consent: Friend or Foe?  

E-print Network

Informed Consent: Friend or Foe? Sean M. Perry, JD, Senior Contract and Grant Officer Office) Perspectives on Consent · The Evolving Consent · The Future of Informed Consent · Questions #12;AMC be charged with ensuring informed consent document subject injury terms are consistent with terms of the CTA

Contractor, Anis


Printer Friendly Version Course Information  

E-print Network

, methods, and real-world example for examining management and organizational theory and practice. CoursePrinter Friendly Version Course Information Course Number ISF 187 Course Name Experiential Learning on the Support link, in the "START HERE: Course Information and Support" folder on the Modules page for details

Militzer, Burkhard


Free Our Friends in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many secrets can be told by the physical surroundings of library media centers. Whether the center is kid-friendly is one of the first obvious tell-tale signs. When a library center has Arthur & D.W., Clifford, Pooh & Eeyore, shells, special rocks, etc. hidden by the circulation center or in the back in boxes, it's time to revolt. The movie Free…

Stidham, Sue



My Friend Is Talking about Suicide  


... The Flu Vaccine My Friend Is Talking About Suicide. What Should I Do? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > Friends > ... You Can Do After Suicide Warning Signs of Suicide Everyone feels sad, depressed, or angry sometimes — especially ...


Friends of the National Library of Medicine  


... Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of ... Paul G. Rogers Chairman, Friends of the National Library of Medicine and former member of the U.S. ...


Head Trauma in Abused Babies, Toddlers Can Have Lifelong Impact  


... Trauma in Abused Babies, Toddlers Can Have Lifelong Impact Shortened lifespan, disability often come in wake of ... found. Miller said he was surprised by the impact of even the minor cases, which included only ...


Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus  


... page, please enable JavaScript. Baby Health Checkup - Multiple Languages Chinese - Simplified (????) Chinese - Traditional (????) French (français) ... Characters not displaying correctly on this page? See language display issues . Return to the MedlinePlus Health Information ...


When Your Baby's in the NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)  


... what all of the monitors, tubes, tests, and machines do, which will go a long way toward ... breathing rate. A pulse oximetry (or pulse ox) machine also may display your baby's blood oxygen levels ...


Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) in Infants and Babies  


newsletter | contact Share | Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) A parent's guide for infants and babies A A A This image displays grouped blisters within an inflamed area of skin typical of herpes simplex. Overview Herpes infections are caused by both ...


CPSC Cautions Caregivers about Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds  


... Caregivers about Hidden Hazards for Babies on Adult Beds The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) is ... hidden hazards associated with placing infants on adult beds. Consumers often think that if an adult bed ...


Defective Hormone Linked to Chronic Obesity in Baby  


... please enable JavaScript. Defective Hormone Linked to Chronic Obesity in Baby Researchers say the condition might explain ... Wednesday, December 31, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Hormones Obesity Obesity in Children WEDNESDAY, Dec. 31, 2014 (HealthDay ...


Plastics' Chemical May Affect Baby Boys' Genital Development  


... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Plastics' Chemical May Affect Baby Boys' Genital Development Link between ... 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to a common plastics' chemical during pregnancy may have effects on genital development ...


Preparing children for pregnancy and a new baby  


... what you are comfortable talking about. Keep the conversation at their level and answer their questions. You ... them up very much. You are low in energy. Explain to them that having a baby is ...


Why at Least 39 Weeks Is Best for Your Baby?  


... is best for your baby Get ready for labor Use a birth plan to make choices about childbirth. Take a ... to know ahead of time how you want labor and birth to be. What are Braxton-Hicks contractions? You ...


Mother and baby yoga is good for you.  


Mother and baby yoga is becoming more and more popular in the western world, as postpartum mothers discover the benefits of being able to 'work out', bond with their baby and relax, all in one session. Postnatal yoga can offer calm and a sense of wellbeing, helping mothers to improve and stabilise their emotional health and to bond. Additionally the mother is able to focus on her relationship with her baby, rebuild the weakened pelvic floor, strengthen the abdominal muscles and even alleviate back and neck pain. For babies, yoga can aid digestion and alleviate colic; help to strengthen tiny limbs; improve sleep patterns; and enhance their ability to interact with their mother and other people. PMID:23789249

MacDonald, Cheryl




E-print Network

CLARK GLYMOUR ANDROID EPISTEMOLOGY FOR BABIES: RELECTIONS ON WORDS, THOUGHTS AND THEORIES ABSTRACT are found wanting. Well designed machines would optimize; we are machines that can only satisfice, on a good

Spirtes, Peter


Identifying traits to improve postharvest processability in baby leaf salad  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘processability’ of baby salad leaves may be defined as the ability to withstand the postharvest washing and packing processes that are involved in the production of ready-to-eat bagged salads. The inability of baby salad leaves (species including Lactuca sativa L. and Spinacia oleracea L.) to withstand processing results in a reduction in crop shelf-life. Leaves from geographically diverse locations

Graham J. J. Clarkson; Eleanor E. O'Byrne; Steve D. Rothwell; Gail Taylor



Urban poverty: delivering babies in the slum.  


Government of India statistics indicate that about 3 million of New Delhi's 11 million people live in slums, while another 3 million people, most fleeing rural poverty, are expected to migrate to the capital by 2000. ASHA Community Health and Development Society is a nongovernmental organization currently working in 23 of India's slums, serving a population of about 150,000 people. The group has pioneered the use of community-based networks in New Delhi to improve health in the poorest communities. While ASHA has a small, full-time staff, most of the daily health care work is conducted by slum volunteers. Ekta Vihar is a slum community of 1800 residents. Community members' primary source of health care are Vimla Rana and Sobha, two illiterate women who reside in the community and are part of a team of community health workers trained by ASHA. Rana and Sobha deliver almost all of the babies born annually in the slum and care for community members when they become ill. PMID:12321870

Lloyd, M



Color View 'Dodo' and 'Baby Bear' Trenches  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander's Surface Stereo Imager took this image on Sol 14 (June 8, 2008), the 14th Martian day after landing. It shows two trenches dug by Phoenix's Robotic Arm.

Soil from the right trench, informally called 'Baby Bear,' was delivered to Phoenix's Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer, or TEGA, on Sol 12 (June 6). The following several sols included repeated attempts to shake the screen over TEGA's oven number 4 to get fine soil particles through the screen and into the oven for analysis.

The trench on the left is informally called 'Dodo' and was dug as a test.

Each of the trenches is about 9 centimeters (3 inches) wide. This view is presented in approximately true color by combining separate exposures taken through different filters of the Surface Stereo Imager.

The Phoenix Mission is led by the University of Arizona, Tucson, on behalf of NASA. Project management of the mission is by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Spacecraft development is by Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.



Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow  

E-print Network

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow of Perinatal Issues Yes No Was your baby born on time? ( ) ( ) Number of weeks pregnant on day of birth? ( ) ( ) Birth weight? Was it a vaginal delivery? ( ) ( ) Passed hearing screen? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor

Borenstein, Elhanan


Talking about Babies, Toddlers, and Sleep  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jodi Mindell, PhD, the associate director of the Sleep Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, describes how parents and caregivers can help children develop healthy sleeping habits beginning in infancy. Healthy sleep habits are an essential skill for children's overall health and well-being, and they impact family functioning. Dr.…

Mindell, Jodi A.



Stillbirths at a hospital in Nablus, 2010: a cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Stillbirths are insufficiently reported in many countries. In Nablus, reporting has recently started; little is published in Palestine on the stillbirth rate and its risk factors. Objective To study the rate of stillbirths at Rafidia Hospital in 2010 and some of its risk factors. Design A retrospective cohort design. Methods Data were collected from the delivery registry for all births and we analysed those with a gestation of 28 weeks or more at Rafidia Hospital. Stillbirth rates were estimated for available determinants. Results In 2010, a total of 5,644 women gave birth to 5,782 babies, of whom 41 were stillbirths, that is, a stillbirth rate of 7.1/1,000 births (95% confidence interval 5.2–9.5). Premature babies had a higher risk of being a stillbirth. For small babies, the lower the birth weight the higher was the probability of being a stillbirth, and for babies weighing 4,500 g or more there was a higher risk of being stillborn. The risk of stillbirth was also higher among babies from mothers with high haemoglobin concentration, but low maternal haemoglobin was not associated with stillbirths. Conclusions The stillbirth rates at Rafidia hospital assessed in this study compares favourably with the reported national numbers, indicating a good reliability of the on-going registration. The rates were highest among premature births. Stillbirth was linked to low birth weight, foetal macrosomia, and maternal haemoconcentration. We believe the findings identify areas to address when designing antenatal care with the aim of improving perinatal mortality in the country. PMID:25196827

Cung, Tam Giao; Paus, Anne Sofie; Aghbar, Ammar; Kiserud, Torvid; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund



Where are the Sunday babies? II. Declining weekend birth rates in Switzerland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Birth dates from almost 3 million babies born between 1969 and 2005 in Switzerland were analyzed for the weekday of birth. As in other countries but with unprecedented amplitude, a very marked non-random distribution was discovered with decreasing numbers of births on weekends, reaching -17.9% in 2005. While most of this weekend births avoidance rate is due to fewer births on Sundays (up to -21.7%), the downward trend is primarily a consequence of decreasing births on Saturdays (up to -14.5%). For 2005, these percentages mean that 3,728 fewer babies are born during weekends than could be expected from equal distribution. Most interestingly and surprisingly, weekend birth-avoiding rates are significantly correlated with birth numbers ( r = 0.86), i.e. the lower the birth number per year, the lower the number of weekend births. The increasing avoidance of births during weekends is discussed as being a consequence of increasing numbers of caesarean sections and elective labor induction, which in Switzerland reach 29.2 and 20.5%, respectively, in 2004. This hypothesis is supported by the observation that both primary and secondary caesarean sections are significantly correlated with weekend birth avoidance rates. It is therefore likely that financial aspects of hospitals are a factor determining the avoidance of weekend births by increasing the numbers of caesarean sections.

Lerchl, Alexander; Reinhard, Sarah C.



Hospital fundamentals.  


Under the current system, orthopaedic trauma surgeons must work in some form of hospital setting as our primary service involves treatment of the trauma patient. We must not forget that just as a trauma center cannot exist without our services, we cannot function without their support. As a result, a clear understanding of the balance between physicians and hospitals is paramount. Historical perspective enables physicians and hospital personnel alike to understand the evolution of hospital-physician relationship. This process should be understood upon completion of this chapter. The relationship between physicians and hospitals is becoming increasingly complex and multiple forms of integration exist such as joint ventures, gain sharing, and co-management agreements. For the surgeon to negotiate well, an understanding of hospital governance and the role of the orthopaedic traumatologist is vital to success. An understanding of the value provided by the traumatologist includes all aspects of care including efficiency, availability, cost effectiveness, and research activities. To create effective and sustainable healthcare institutions, physicians and hospitals must be aligned over a sustained period of time. Unfortunately, external forces have eroded the historical basis for the working relationship between physicians and hospitals. Increased competition and reimbursement cuts, coupled with the increasing demands for quality, efficiency, and coordination and the payment changes outlined in healthcare reform, have left many organizations wondering how to best rebuild the relationship. The principal goal for the physician when partnering with a hospital or healthcare entity is to establish a sustainable model of service line management that protects or advances the physician's ability to make impactful improvements in quality of patient care, decreases in healthcare costs, and improvements in process efficiency through evidence-based practices and protocols. PMID:24918827

Althausen, Peter L; Hill, Austin D; Mead, Lisa



? Carinae Baby Homunculus Uncovered by ALMA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report observations of ? Carinae obtained with ALMA in the continuum of 100, 230, 280, and 660 GHz in 2012 November, with a resolution that varied from 2.''88 to 0.''45 for the lower and higher frequencies, respectively. The source is not resolved, even at the highest frequency; its spectrum is characteristic of thermal bremsstrahlung of a compact source, but different from the spectrum of optically thin wind. The recombination lines H42?, He42?, H40?, He40?, H50?, H28?, He28?, H21?, and He21? were also detected, and their intensities reveal non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects. We found that the line profiles could only be fit by an expanding shell of dense and ionized gas, which produces a slow shock in the surroundings of ? Carinae. Combined with fittings to the continuum, we were able to constrain the shell size, radius, density, temperature, and velocity. The detection of the He recombination lines is compatible with the high-temperature gas and requires a high-energy ionizing photon flux, which must be provided by the companion star. The mass-loss rate and wind velocity, necessary to explain the formation of the shell, are compatible with an luminous blue variable eruption. The position, velocity, and physical parameters of the shell coincide with those of the Weigelt blobs. The dynamics found for the expanding shell correspond to matter ejected by ? Carinae in 1941 in an event similar to that which formed the Little Homunculus; for that reason, we called the new ejecta the "Baby Homunculus."

Abraham, Zulema; Falceta-Gonçalves, Diego; Beaklini, Pedro P. B.



Babies born dying: just bad karma? A discussion paper.  


The paper examines the notion of being born dying and karma. Karma is a belief upheld by Buddhists and non-Buddhists: That is, karma follows people from their previous lives into their current lives. This raises a difficult question: Does karma mean that a baby's death is its own fault? While great peace can be found from a belief in karma, the notion of a baby's karma returning in some sort of retributive, universal justice can be de-emphasized and is considered "un-Buddhist." Having an understanding of karma is intrinsic to the spiritual care for the dying baby, not only from the perspective of parents and families who have these beliefs, but also for reconciling one's own beliefs as a healthcare practitioner. PMID:24096383

Kain, Victoria J



Evidence-based well-baby care. Part 1: Overview of the next generation of the Rourke Baby Record.  

PubMed Central

PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED: Well baby and child care in the primary care setting has not always been based on evidence that has been shown to be effective in preventing and detecting disease and injury. OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAM: To help physicians and nurses provide care that is more effective than a routine complete examination, the Rourke Baby Record has been revised to include evidence-based recommendations for preventive care for infants and young children. The revision incorporates the approach and recommendations of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination. The updated record is now called the Rourke Baby Record: Evidence-Based Infant/Child Health Maintenance Guide (Rourke Baby Record: EB). MAIN COMPONENTS OF PROGRAM: Part 1 of this two-part article briefly describes the background for development and presents an overview of the revised record. Part 2 discusses in detail the evidence that exists for maneuvers included in the education and advice section of the revised record. CONCLUSION: Using the Rourke Baby Record: EB and incorporating it into their office record systems as a working guide will help increase the effectiveness of the primary preventive care physicians provide to infants and young children. PMID:9559196

Panagiotou, L.; Rourke, L. L.; Rourke, J. T.; Wakefield, J. G.; Winfield, D.



Efficacy of baby-CIMT: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial on infants below age 12 months, with clinical signs of unilateral CP  

PubMed Central

Background Infants with unilateral brain lesions are at high risk of developing unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). Given the great plasticity of the young brain, possible interventions for infants at risk of unilateral CP deserve exploration. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is known to be effective for older children with unilateral CP but is not systematically used for infants. The development of CIMT for infants (baby-CIMT) is described here, as is the methodology of an RCT comparing the effects on manual ability development of baby-CIMT versus baby-massage. The main hypothesis is that infants receiving baby-CIMT will develop manual ability in the involved hand faster than will infants receiving baby-massage in the first year of life. Method and design The study will be a randomised, controlled, prospective parallel-group trial. Invited infants will be to be randomised to either the baby-CIMT or the baby-massage group if they: 1) are at risk of developing unilateral CP due to a known neonatal event affecting the brain or 2) have been referred to Astrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital due to asymmetric hand function. The inclusion criteria are age 3–8 months and established asymmetric hand use. Infants in both groups will receive two 6-weeks training periods separated by a 6-week pause, for 12 weeks in total of treatment. The primary outcome measure will be the new Hand Assessment for Infants (HAI) for evaluating manual ability. In addition, the Parenting Sense of Competence scale and Alberta Infant Motor Scale will be used. Clinical neuroimaging will be utilized to characterise the brain lesion type. To compare outcomes between treatment groups generalised linear models will be used. Discussion The model of early intensive intervention for hand function, baby-CIMT evaluated by the Hand Assessment for Infants (HAI) will have the potential to significantly increase our understanding of how early intervention of upper limb function in infants at risk of developing unilateral CP can be performed and measured. Trial registration SFO-V4072/2012, 05/22/2013 PMID:24903062



Delta-storage pool disease as a mimic of abusive head trauma in a 7-month-old baby: a case report.  


A seven-month-old baby was admitted to a hospital emergency department after collapsing suddenly while staying with his nanny. The baby displayed classic symptoms of shaken baby syndrome, including subdural haemorrhage, cytotoxic cerebral oedema, and bilateral retinal hemorrhages. Child protection services were informed, but both the parents and the nanny denied any involvement. In the subsequent weeks, the baby developed three other episodes of new subdural bleeding and a medico-legal investigation was started into the origin of the repeated subdural bleeding. Eventually, platelet aggregation tests and electron microscopy diagnosed a delta-storage pool disease; that is, a haemostatic disorder involving dense granules of the platelets. Initial minor blunt trauma may have resulted in subdural bleeding, while subsequent retinal haemorrhage could have been facilitated by the underlying haemostatic disorder. Delta-storage pool disease should be considered as a possible mimic of abusive head trauma similar to other rare conditions such as Menkes disease and type 1 glutaric aciduria. PMID:23756525

De Leeuw, Marc; Beuls, Emile; Jorens, Philippe; Parizel, Paul; Jacobs, Werner



Researchers Use RFID to Fight SIDS This system would be especially useful in hospital  

E-print Network

NEWS Researchers Use RFID to Fight SIDS This system would be especially useful in hospital nurseries, Chiao says, since it could send the unique ID number of the baby's crib RFID tag, as well be trained to be familiar with RFID technologies." When the system will be tested there has not yet been

Chiao, Jung-Chih


Baby Boomers Envision Their Retirement: An AARP Segmentation Analysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the American Associated of Retired Persons (AARP), this 110-page report examines Baby Boomers' plans, expectations, and attitudes about their upcoming retirement. After interviewing 2,001 Americans born between 1946 and 1964 and holding focus groups in four US cities, the AARP found that eight out of ten Baby Boomers expect to work at least part-time during their retirement and this workforce surge could create unexpected changes in American society. According to the AARP, such a "working retirement" attitude could end "one-size-fits-all" retirement plans for America's current aging population.


Pilot evaluation of the text4baby mobile health program  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile phone technologies for health promotion and disease prevention have evolved rapidly, but few studies have tested the efficacy of mobile health in full-fledged programs. Text4baby is an example of mobile health based on behavioral theory, and it delivers text messages to traditionally underserved pregnant women and new mothers to change their health, health care beliefs, practices, and behaviors in order to improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this pilot evaluation study is to assess the efficacy of this text messaging campaign. Methods We conducted a randomized pilot evaluation study. All participants were pregnant women first presenting for care at the Fairfax County, Virginia Health Department. We randomized participants to enroll in text4baby and receive usual health care (intervention), or continue simply to receive usual care (control). We then conducted a 24-item survey by telephone of attitudes and behaviors related to text4baby. We surveyed participants at baseline, before text4baby was delivered to the intervention group, and at follow-up at approximately 28?weeks of baby’s gestational age. Results We completed 123 baseline interviews in English and in Spanish. Overall, the sample was predominantly of Hispanic origin (79.7%) with an average age of 27.6?years. We completed 90 follow-up interviews, and achieved a 73% retention rate. We used a logistic generalized estimating equation model to evaluate intervention effects on measured outcomes. We found a significant effect of text4baby intervention exposure on increased agreement with the attitude statement “I am prepared to be a new mother” (OR?=?2.73, CI?=?1.04, 7.18, p?=?0.042) between baseline and follow-up. For those who had attained a high school education or greater, we observed a significantly higher overall agreement to attitudes against alcohol consumption during pregnancy (OR = 2.80, CI = 1.13, 6.90, p = 0.026). We also observed a significant improvement of attitudes toward alcohol consumption from baseline to follow-up (OR?=?3.57, CI?=?1.13 – 11.24, p?=?0.029). Conclusions This pilot study is the first randomized evaluation of text4baby. It is a promising program in that exposure to the text messages was associated with changes in specific beliefs targeted by the messages. PMID:23181985



Selecting the Perfect Baby The Ethics of "Embryo Design"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dilemma case is based on the true story of Jack and Lisa Nash, whose daughter Molly was born with a rare genetic disorder, Fanconi anemia. By having another child with specific genetic markers, the Nashes hoped to cure Molly using stem cells from the new baby’s umbilical cord blood. Students learn about developmental disorders and consider the ethical issues of genetic manipulation and fertility treatments. Although the case was written for beginning developmental psychology students, the issues raised involving genetic manipulation, advances in medical technology, and scientific ethics would be relevant in many other science courses.

Julia Omarzu



What Are the Chances My Baby Has CF? Understanding the Results  


... your baby might have a health condition called cystic fibrosis (CF). Most babies who have a positive (abnormal) ... carriers of CF than to have the disease cystic fibrosis. In most states, fewer than three out of ...


77 FR 55812 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was published in the Federal...



77 FR 46739 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Baby Bouncers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection; Comment Request--Baby Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION...importers of children's articles known as baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers. This document was published in the Federal...



Learn as Babies Learn: A Conceptual Model of Designing Optimum Learnability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A newborn baby’s first move is to look for the nipples. This is an instinct for a baby to live, build strength and interact\\u000a with the world. The interaction seems very similar to our users’ choosing a product for self-empowerment and productivity.\\u000a However, most users are not babies, neither the majority of man-made products embody perfect affordances. How could user

Douglas Xiaoyong Wang



Academic Hospitality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic hospitality is a feature of academic life. It takes many forms. It takes material form in the hosting of academics giving papers. It takes epistemological form in the welcome of new ideas. It takes linguistic form in the translation of academic work into other languages, and it takes touristic form through the welcome and generosity with…

Phipps, Alison; Barnett, Ronald



Orchestrating Professional Development for Baby Room Practitioners: Raising the Stakes in New Dialogic Encounters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has emerged from a research and development project, The Baby Room, which was designed to examine how babies are cared for in daycare settings. Within the project, a form of professional development was created which designated a central space for dialogic encounter, primarily to enable the baby room practitioners who participated in…

Goouch, Kathleen; Powell, Sacha



7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...



7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...



7 CFR 319.56-53 - Fresh baby kiwi from Chile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. 319.56-53 Section 319.56-53... § 319.56-53 Fresh baby kiwi from Chile. Fresh baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta...into the continental United States from Chile under the following conditions:...



Sample preparation methods in the analysis of pesticide residues in baby food with subsequent chromatographic determination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pesticides are widely utilized at various stages of cultivation and during postharvest storage to protect plants against a range of pests and\\/or to provide quality preservation. Reliable confirmatory methods are required to monitor pesticide residues in baby foods and to ensure the safety of baby food supply. This review covers methods in which pesticide residues have been determined in baby

Andrea Hercegová; Milena Dömötörová; Eva Matisová



Migration of epoxidized soya bean oil from plasticized pvc gaskets into baby food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expoxidized soya bean oil (ESBO) is used as a plasticizer in PVC gaskets in lids for glass jars used for packaging of ready?cooked baby food. The migration of ESBO from the lids has been determined in 81 samples of different dishes of baby food, including purees of beef pork, fish, poultry, berries and vegetables. The level of ESBO in baby

Lilian Hammarling; Håkan Gustavsson; Kettil Svensson; Sigbritt Karlsson; Agneta Oskarsson



The Loss of a Baby and the Birth of the Next Infant: The Mother's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the area of perinatal death by focusing on the mother's experience. An argument is made for questioning whether mothers attempt to replace a dead infant. It is suggested instead that they long to mother their lost baby and as a result their new infant is mothered in the shadow of the dead baby. The term "penumbra baby" is…

Reid, Marguerite



Content and bioaccessibility of carotenoids from organic and non-organic baby foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although organic baby foods are assumed to be more nutritious than their conventional counterparts, research data in this area are limited and equivocal. The objectives of the present study were first, to determine the carotenoid content of organic and non-organic baby foods; and, second, to analyze the bioaccessibility of carotenoids from these products. The baby foods selected for analysis were

M. A. Jiwan; P. Duane; L. O'Sullivan; N. M. O’Brien; S. A. Aherne



Organizing the Baby Boomer Construct: An Exploration of Marketing, Social Systems, and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Baby boomer trends are applied in the development of a conceptual framework that offers a social systems and cultural model for future studies. While there has been considerable recent attention paid to baby boomers, the studies lack a coherent theoretical base that would allow for more advanced and continuing research. Aging baby boomers heading…

Lipschultz, Jeremy H.; Hilt, Michael L.; Reilly, Hugh J.



TSI (teething ring sound instrument): a design of the sound instrument for the baby  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we will describe the TSI (Teething ring Sound Instrument), a new sound instrument given to babies, which consists of a teething ring, a knob, an I-CubeX Digitizer [1] and a computer which processes MIDI messages. The TSI is designed to bring music experience to baby with the movement of the babies reflex sucking motion. We provided the

Naoko Kubo; Kazuhiro Jo; Ken Matsunaga




Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To study the pharmacokinetics of theophylline and its correlations to pharmacodynamic effects in apnea of prematurity in small for gestational age babies. Design: Prospective case control study. Setting: Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Subjects: Ten small for gestational age (SGA) babies and 10 gestation matched appropriate for gestational age (AGA) babies with recurrent apnea of prematurity. Methods: All

Mrinalkanti Chaudhuri; S. K. Garg; Anil Narang; O. N. Bhakoo


Intestinal microbiota and blue baby syndrome  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common intestinal emergency among premature infants. Risk factors in premature infants include immature intestinal immunity and an intestinal microbiota dominated by hospital-acquired bacteria. Some probiotics have been shown to decrease the incidence of NEC in premature infants. Among term infants, NEC is rare. However, among term infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD), the incidence of NEC is similar to that of premature infants but with even greater mortality rates. Mechanisms by which NEC occurs in term infants with CCHD are unknown. Of central interest is the potential role of changes in the intestinal microbiota and whether these can be modified with probiotic bacteria; accordingly, we review the literature, propose hypotheses and present the rationale for future studies involving preliminary probiotic clinical trials. PMID:21468216

Ellis, Collin L; Rutledge, John C



Keeping Your Baby Healthy: A Practical Manual for Black Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the belief that black parents have the power to prevent many of their children's health problems, and thus the responsibility to do so, this manual provides practical advice and lists resources in seven chapters. Chapters concern: (1) prenatal care; (2) having a baby; (3) the child's first 12 months; (4) information every parent should…

Dennis, Sharon, Ed.


Revisiting the Measurement of Shaken Baby Syndrome Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last 10 years, over 80% of adults surveyed report some familiarity with Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) and the dangers of shaking infants younger than 2 years of age ([Dias et al., 2005] and [Russell and Britner, 2006]). Hence, in the context of SBS prevention, the question of whether caregivers knew the safety risks of shaking an infant…

Russell, Beth S.



Brave New Baby in the Brave New World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Society would be wise to ponder the psychology of the adopted in order to gain some insights into what the psychological makeup of the brave new baby might be. Whatever combinations of reproduction and parenting we make, we should relinquish the secrecy that has been the scourge of the adoption system.

Betty Jean Lifton



We've Come a Long Way, Baby!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students discuss several human reproductive technologies available today â pregnancy ultrasound, amniocentesis, in-vitro fertilization and labor anesthetics. They learn how each technology works, and that these are ways engineers have worked to improve the health of expecting mothers and babies.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program


Baby universes and making the cosmological constant zero  

Microsoft Academic Search

A proposal by Coleman (1988) that the creation and destruction of baby universes and the coupling of the universe to other universes may explain the vanishing of the cosmological constant is discussed. Quantum fluctuations of spacetime are assumed to be connected by wormholes whose effects are governed by variables of alphai, so that all the constants become functions of alphai.

L. F. Abbott



Baby Morse Theory in Data Analysis Caren Marzban  

E-print Network

of topological data analysis methods include dimensionality reduction [16], computer vision [21], and shapeBaby Morse Theory in Data Analysis Caren Marzban Applied Physics Laboratory and Department to demonstrate how the method yields interval estimates for the topology of the data as a 2-dimensional surface

Marzban, Caren


Will the retiring baby boomers return to rural periphery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality, Ristijärvi, in the remote Northeastern Finland. Despite

Jussi S. Jauhiainen



Protect Your Unborn Baby or Newborn from Infections  


... About a quarter of all women carry the bacteria that cause group B strep infection. Group B strep bacteria are usually not harmful to you and won' ... make the people around you sick. But these bacteria can be very dangerous for your newborn. Babies ...


Darwin's Intertextual Baby: Erasmus Darwin as Precursor in Child Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that Charles Darwin's observations on babies are not examples of data collected to test hypotheses. Draws from Bakhtin to argue that they extend and vary existing modes of discourse, primarily debates about the place of instinct in language acquisition, traceable to his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. Concludes that the significance of Darwin's…

Bradley, Ben S.



Reducing Baby Bottle Tooth Decay. A SERVE Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet discusses strategies for reducing baby bottle tooth decay (BBTD) among Native American children. BBTD in infants and toddlers is a painful disease characterized by extensive decay of the upper front and side teeth. It is caused by prolonged exposure of teeth to carbohydrates, such as those contained in infant formula, milk, and fruit…

Southeastern Regional Vision for Education (SERVE), Tallahassee, FL.


Increase in cerebral palsy in normal birthweight babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A register has been compiled of the 421 children with congenital cerebral palsy born between 1960 and 1975 from a defined geographical area of North East England (population 770 000). There was a fall in the rate of cerebral palsy among very low birthweight babies between 1964 and 1975 and also in the small group with dyskinetic cerebral palsy. The

S N Jarvis; J S Holloway; E N Hey



Imaging and Imagining the World of the Baby Inside  

E-print Network

clinics and obstetric practices provide pictures and sometimes video or DVDs of the baby. Women share the concept of "ultrasound consul- tation," which takes place with pregnant women during second trimester that will con- tain prenatal as well as newborn and infant pictures. Over the past 10­15 years there has been

Heller, Barbara


Do Mothers Want Professional Carers to Love Their Babies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an aspect of a life historical study which investigated the part that "love" played in mothers' decision-making about returning to work and placing their babies in day care. The article begins with a brief discussion of the context, including 21st-century policies in England to encourage mothers to return to the workforce…

Page, Jools



Innovative design of industrial-academic cooperation in baby products  

Microsoft Academic Search

We got the chance to cooperate with a baby product manufacturer in central Taiwan for this study after paying a personal visit. Students from the Commercial Design Department of a technology university were guided to create innovative designs for products according to the manufacturer's requirements. The industrial-academic cooperation generally helped the teachers and students gained a better understanding of problems

Ruilin Lin; Jingchen Xie



Effect of frozen storage on nutritional composition of baby corn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Baby corn (Zea mays) is young, finger-like, unfertilized cobs of maize with one to three centimeters of emerged silk, preferably harvested within 24 hours of silk emergence depending upon the growing season. It is a very perishable vegetable and hence the purpose of this present study is to standardize the freezing method for extending the shelf life of

Santosh Hooda; Asha Kawatra



Baby corn, green ear, and grain yield of corn cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most maize cultivars have been developed for grain production. Because superior cultivars may differ in their exploiting purposes, interest has been demonstrated for the evaluation of corn cultivars with regard to their baby corn, green ear, and grain yields production ability. In the present work ten corn cultivars (AG 405, AG 1051, AG 2060, AG 6690, AG 7575, AG 8080,

Itala Paula de C. Almeida; Paulo Sérgio L. e Silva; Maria Z. de Negreiros; Zenaide Barbosa



Learning Link: Helping Your Baby Learn to Talk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that young children learn to talk at different ages but within certain developmental boundaries, this document presents two charts to help parents facilitate their toddler's speech. The first chart lists characteristics to look for in a growing, healthy baby at various ages between 3 months and 24 months, and suggestions for when to talk to…

Morrisset, Colleen E.; Lines, Patricia


A friendly introduction to Noncommutative Geometry  

E-print Network

||, Theorem (Gelfand-Naimark (GNS)) Every abstract C-algebra A is isometrically -isomorphic to a concrete C), a A, XA, is an isometric -isomorphism. Andrzej Sitarz (JU) A friendly introduction to NCG Zakopane(a) = ||µ(a)||. Exercise: Why there exist (a) = for (a) ? Andrzej Sitarz (JU) A friendly introduction

Sitarz, Andrzej


A Basis for Friendly Dyadic Interpersonal Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypothesized that stability of a friendly dyadic interpersonal relationship varies with similarity of perceived views of problems of lasting concern. Students (N=76) at the Indian Institute of Technology completed a three-part questionnaire about friendly relationships, Individual Problem Blank, and Problem Checklist. Results supported the…

Gupta, Mahesh



Good Agreements Make Good Friends  

PubMed Central

When starting a new collaborative endeavor, it pays to establish upfront how strongly your partner commits to the common goal and what compensation can be expected in case the collaboration is violated. Diverse examples in biological and social contexts have demonstrated the pervasiveness of making prior agreements on posterior compensations, suggesting that this behavior could have been shaped by natural selection. Here, we analyze the evolutionary relevance of such a commitment strategy and relate it to the costly punishment strategy, where no prior agreements are made. We show that when the cost of arranging a commitment deal lies within certain limits, substantial levels of cooperation can be achieved. Moreover, these levels are higher than that achieved by simple costly punishment, especially when one insists on sharing the arrangement cost. Not only do we show that good agreements make good friends, agreements based on shared costs result in even better outcomes. PMID:24045873

Han, The Anh; Pereira, Luís Moniz; Santos, Francisco C.; Lenaerts, Tom



Hospital Greenspace Ninewells Hospital, Dundee  

E-print Network

. Getting Started ­ Project Steering Group Forestry Commission Scotland, NHS Tayside, Dundee City Council and population health and well-being, as well as sustainability and biodiversity4 . Certain natural environments in Scotland. The purpose of the pilot was to demonstrate that by greening hospital grounds you can connect


Design and implementation of a hospital information system for the Palestine Red Crescent Society in Lebanon.  


A case-mix hospital information system was designed and implemented in Palestine Red Crescent Society hospitals in order to support the network of Palestinian hospitals in Lebanon and to improve the health of refugees in the country. The system is based on routine collection of essential administrative and clinical data for each episode of hospitalization, relying on internationally accepted diagnostic codes. It is a computerized, user-friendly information system that is a stepping-stone towards better hospital management and evaluation of quality of care. It is also a useful model for the development of hospital information systems in Lebanon and in the Near East. PMID:19731791

Rossi, L; Materia, E; Hourani, A; Yousef, H; Racalbuto, V; Venier, C; Osman, M



Virtual Hospital  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided and maintained by the University of Iowa Health Care, the Virtual Hospital is designed as a "medical reference and health promotion tool for health care providers and patients." To that end, the site offers current and authoritative medical information for patients and professional and pedagogical information for health care providers. The former includes patient educational briefs browseable by organ system or by a topical list, a collection of peer-reviewed and annotated Web resources, an internal search engine, and archives of a column offering medical advice to middle-aged users. Resources in the health care provider section include several digital libraries aimed at certain specialties (Pediatrics, Pediatric Radiology, Family Medicine, and Medical Student); multimedia textbooks and teaching files grouped by organ system; lectures and publications; and clinical practice guidelines. Additional resources at the site include links to the Virtual Children's and Virtual Naval Hospitals, an internal search engine, and online continuing education courses.


Pharmaceuticals Policy and Law 9 (2007) 203210 203 A baby friendly state: Lessons from the French case  

E-print Network

pillars of the French social welfare system. Childhood has been considered quite early in France and the trauma of the 1st World War explain the strong pro-natalism in France.1 All the conditions were satisfied

Boyer, Edmond


Beam Test Data Analysis of the Beam Test Data Analysis of the JLCCDC baby Chamber JLCCDC baby Chamber  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying the higgs boson needs a high resolution tracker. The baby chamber was fabricated with the same cell structure as the current design of the central drift chamber of the Joint Linear Collider. Its performance is studied by looking at the wire efficiency, spatial resolution and twotrack separation capability using an analysis software package already incorporated into the Joint Linear

H. Goo; D. Arogancia; J. Magallanes; A. Bacal; K. Fujii


Baby Hands that Move to the Rhythm of Language: Hearing Babies Acquiring Sign Languages Babble Silently on the Hands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ''ba, ba, ba'' sound universal to babies' babbling around 7 months captures scientific attention because it provides insights into the mechanisms underlying language acquisition and vestiges of its evolutionary origins. Yet the prevailing mystery is what is the biological basis of babbling, with one hypothesis being that it is a non-linguistic…

Petitto, Laura Ann; Holowka, Siobhan; Sergio, Lauren E.; Levy, Bronna; Ostry, David J.



Helping small babies survive: an evaluation of facility-based Kangaroo Mother Care implementation progress in Uganda  

PubMed Central

Introduction Prematurity is the leading cause of newborn death in Uganda, accounting for 38% of the nation's 39,000 annual newborn deaths. Kangaroo mother care is a high-impact; cost-effective intervention that has been prioritized in policy in Uganda but implementation has been limited. Methods A standardised, cross-sectional, mixed-method evaluation design was used, employing semi-structured key-informant interviews and observations in 11 health care facilities implementing kangaroo mother care in Uganda. Results The facilities visited scored between 8.28 and 21.72 out of the possible 30 points with a median score of 14.71. Two of the 3 highest scoring hospitals were private, not-for-profit hospitals whereas the second highest scoring hospital was a central teaching hospital. Facilities with KMC services are not equally distributed throughout the country. Only 4 regions (Central 1, Central 2, East-Central and Southwest) plus the City of Kampala were identified as having facilities providing KMC services. Conclusion KMC services are not instituted with consistent levels of quality and are often dependent on private partner support. With increasing attention globally and in country, Uganda is in a unique position to accelerate access to and quality of health services for small babies across the country.

Aliganyira, Patrick; Kerber, Kate; Davy, Karen; Gamache, Nathalie; Sengendo, Namaala Hanifah; Bergh, Anne-Marie



Adult Partial Hospitalization JOHN DEMPSEY HOSPITAL  

E-print Network

." The Adult Partial Hospitalization Program is a day treatment program specifically designed for the diagnosisAdult Partial Hospitalization Program JOHN DEMPSEY HOSPITAL CONTACT US For further The Adult Partial Hospitalization Program is available Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 2:05 p.m. OUR

Oliver, Douglas L.


Goals and options in keeping preterm babies warm.  


More than 50 years after Silverman showed the association between temperature control and mortality, recent data again stress the importance of the thermal environment of the preterm infant. The goals of care are straightforward: maintain a normal body temperature, ensure a stable thermal environment and avoid cold stress; but the options to achieve them are many and less certain. There is a problem in defining a 'normal' temperature. A single measurement will tell nothing about whether the baby is using energy for thermal balance. The preterm baby should be monitored with the continuous recording and display of a central and peripheral temperature. This will give an early indication of cold stress before any change is seen in the central temperature. Reducing evaporative heat losses at birth has improved temperatures on admission, although no studies have shown any effect on outcome. No data have shown that the use of incubators is any better than radiant heaters. PMID:20488864

Lyon, A J; Freer, Y



Baby teething in early modern England: theory and therapeutic practice.  


Oral and dental healthcare was a major medical concern in 16th- and 17th-century England. The analysis of a representative corpus from Early English Books Online (EEBO) reveals that the general principles and therapeutic management of baby teething were found most often in pediatric and midwifery treatises. The chapters devoted to this babyhood process usually gave information on factors determining teething onset, eruption schedule, order of appearance, associated disorders and short-term prognosis. Among the remedies available to alleviate children's pain, the authors mention anti-inflammatory herbal ointments, soothing fomentations, periodic mouthwashes, and minor surgery. Although the selected chapters on baby teething do not include detailed accounts of teething-related symptoms, one can find consistent data in the different descriptions and recipes provided. This scholarly agreement indicates systematic medical and midwifery practices to deal with a predictable, but frequently troublesome, stage of children's development. PMID:22372184

Dominguez-Rodriguez, Maria Victoria



Development of the e-Baby serious game with regard to the evaluation of oxygenation in preterm babies: contributions of the emotional design.  


The present study aimed to describe the development process of a serious game that enables users to evaluate the respiratory process in a preterm infant based on an emotional design model. The e-Baby serious game was built to feature the simulated environment of an incubator, in which the user performs a clinical evaluation of the respiratory process in a virtual preterm infant. The user learns about the preterm baby's history, chooses the tools for the clinical evaluation, evaluates the baby, and determines whether his/her evaluation is appropriate. The e-Baby game presents phases that contain respiratory process impairments of higher or lower complexity in the virtual preterm baby. Included links give the user the option of recording the entire evaluation procedure and sharing his/her performance on a social network. e-Baby integrates a Clinical Evaluation of the Preterm Baby course in the Moodle virtual environment. This game, which evaluates the respiratory process in preterm infants, could support a more flexible, attractive, and interactive teaching and learning process that includes simulations with features very similar to neonatal unit realities, thus allowing more appropriate training for clinical oxygenation evaluations in at-risk preterm infants. e-Baby allows advanced user-technology-educational interactions because it requires active participation in the process and is emotionally integrated. PMID:25010051

Fonseca, Luciana Mara Monti; Dias, Danielle Monteiro Vilela; Góes, Fernanda Dos Santos Nogueira; Seixas, Carlos Alberto; Scochi, Carmen Gracinda Silvan; Martins, José Carlos Amado; Rodrigues, Manuel Alves



The world's first baby announcement /math problem set! Today's problem set is to compute the masses and heights of two very cute babies  

E-print Network

are at the end, highlighted in red. #12;Problem 1 Archimedes performs two experiments. First, he puts the two Babies.nb #12;R C Solutions Problem 1 Long ago Archimedes discovered that a floating object will displace displaced is 2.7 kilograms. According to Archimedes' Principle, the total mass of the two babies

Howle, Victoria E.


Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow the provider to focus on your main concerns during the visit, and allow  

E-print Network

Baby's Name Baby's Birth Date Please fill out the following questionnaire. It will allow on day of birth? ( ) ( ) Birth weight? Was it a vaginal delivery? ( ) ( ) Passed hearing screen? ( ) ( ) Were pregnancy, labor & delivery complication-free (examples: pre- eclampsia, high blood pressure

Borenstein, Elhanan


Neonatal jaundice in very low birth weight babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates born between January 1995 to December 1998, who survived for >2 days, were studied for\\u000a the incidence, causes and interventions required for neonatal jaundice. Significant neonatal jaundice was defined as the total\\u000a serum bilirubin (TSB) level beyond which baby required intervention (phototherapy and\\/or exchange transfusion) for neonatal\\u000a jaundice. The incidence of significant neonatal jaundice

Anil Narang; Praveen Kumar; Rajesh Kumar



Environmentally friendly preparation of metal nanoparticles  

EPA Science Inventory

The book chapter summarizes the ?state of the art? in the exploitation of various environmentally-friendly synthesis approaches, reaction precursors and conditions to manufacture metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for a vast variety of purposes....


Is Milk Your Friend or Foe?  


... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Is Milk Your Friend or Foe? Instead of reduction in ... Oct. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking lots of milk could be bad for your health, a new ...


Trust tops gay-friendly award list.  


Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, which provides mental health, sexual health and addiction services, has been named the top performing gay-friendly healthcare organisation in England by equality charity Stonewall this week. PMID:24617366


NK cell depletion delays corneal allograft rejection in baby rats  

PubMed Central

Purpose Penetrating keratoplasty has a very poor outcome compared with adults if performed in the first years of life. Rejection in these young patients occurs even in the absence of known immunological risk factors. Recently, a baby rat model was introduced and an essential contribution of natural killer (NK) cells during allograft rejection was suggested. To analyze this, NK cells were depleted in baby rats before keratoplasty. Methods Allogeneic keratoplasty was performed between Lewis and Fisher rats. The recipient's ages were 10 and 3 weeks, respectively. NK cells were depleted by an intraperitoneal injection of a monoclonal antibody. All experiments were controlled by the injection of isotypic control antibodies and syngeneically. Survival rates were calculated and cellular infiltrates were analyzed histologically. Results NK cell depletion did delay median graft survival times in a statistically significantly way compared with the control animals (p<0.01). At median rejection time points, macrophages, CD4+ T cells and CD25+ leukocytes infiltrated to a greater extent in the depleted recipients. No significant changes in the cell numbers of infiltrating CD8+ T cells were observed. Conclusions We conclude that NK cells play a role during allograft rejection in baby rats, but their effect is replaceable. A greater infiltration of macrophages and CD4+ T cells suggests that they might compensate for the missing NK cells’ response in this experimental setting. Our results represent another step toward understanding the complex mechanisms of an accelerated corneal graft rejection in infant recipients. PMID:21031017

Schlereth, Simona L.; Berger, Moritz; Bredow, Laura; Birnbaum, Florian; Böhringer, Daniel; Reinhard, Thomas



Friends’ Influence on Adolescents’ Academic Achievement Motivation: An Experimental Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine the influence of friends on adolescents’ motivation to achieve in school, each of 118 eighth graders was paired with a close friend. The pairs of friends were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a control condition. In the experimental condition, the friends discussed dilemmas that required them to decide between 2 actions reflecting different levels of achievement

Thomas J. Berndt; Ann E. Laychak



How to Make Financial Aid "Freshman-Friendly"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ultimately, making financial aid "freshman friendly" also makes financial aid "sophomore friendly," "junior friendly," and "senior friendly." Indiana University has in place an Office of Enrollment Management (OEM) model that includes focused financial aid packaging strategies complemented by unique contact services and communication interventions…

Pugh, Susan L.; Johnson, David B.



Breast milk: friend or foe?  

PubMed Central

Anaphylaxis can occur secondary to breastfeeding. The authors present a case of a 30-year-old woman who complained of chest tightness, shortness of breath and a rash on the third day postpartum. She was treated for anaphylaxis and her symptoms resolved. Because she had taken tramadol prior to this event, a drug reaction was initially suspected. However, she experienced further episodes related to breastfeeding, despite stopping tramadol. Effective control of her symptoms was achieved with regular antihistamines, enabling her to continue breastfeeding. Antihistamines were interrupted after 8 weeks at which point lactation (in hospital) was once again associated with anaphylaxis. The diagnosis of breastfeeding induced anaphylaxis was made. There are six previously reported cases of breastfeeding induced anaphylaxis. The authors describe the second case of breastfeeding anaphylaxis extending beyond the neonatal period, controlled with antihistamines. PMID:22675085

Shawkat, Emma; Hussain, Nawar; Myers, Jenny E; Gillham, Joanna; Helbert, Matthew



Epidural anaesthesia through caudal catheters for inguinal herniotomies in awake ex-premature babies.  


Ex-premature babies are at risk of apnoea after surgery. Regional anaesthesia has been used as an alternative to general anaesthesia for some surgical procedures in the belief that it may be safer. However, single dose caudal epidural and subarachnoid anaesthetics have a duration of action which may be insufficient for some operations. The level and duration of anaesthesia can be extended if local anaesthetic is given through an epidural catheter. In addition, the dose needed to provide adequate anaesthesia may be lower because the local anaesthetic is given at an appropriate segmental level. We report our experience of caudal epidural anaesthesia in nine, awake ex-premature babies who were having inguinal herniotomies. The anaesthesia was excellent in six babies. Two babies cried briefly with peritoneal or spermatic cord traction. One other baby needed supplementation with nitrous oxide in oxygen in order to complete the surgery. The majority of babies slept throughout surgery. There were no reported postoperative complications. PMID:8460759

Peutrell, J M; Hughes, D G



An innovative simplified MCH score for assessing the ideal babies in well baby shows of postpartum outreach programme.  


In India, a simple scoring method was used to select winners at 18 well-baby shows over the last five years in low-income areas of Kotla Mubarakpur and Gautam Nagar, in the Rajeev Gandhi Resettlement Colony, in jhuggi jhopri clusters around the All Institute of Medical Sciences (AAIMS) in New Delhi, and in the Bangladeshi refugee colony (Kidwai Nagar). The parameters used to select ideal babies were parents' age at marriage and educational status, mother's age at first birth, number of living children in relation to marriage duration, immunization status of living children, birth interval, contraceptive use, and routine criteria on general health and hygiene. Winners were chosen among infants, toddlers (1-2 years), and preschool children (2-5). Health promotional activities, maternal and child health (MCH) services, and family planning (FP) services were featured at the health camps where the well-baby shows occurred. 60-90 children and 100-2000 couples participated in the well-baby shows. Health workers explained to parents of children with a poor score why their children had a poor score. At the health camps, parents adopted FP methods and had their children immunized, regardless of score, so as to improve their score for the next show and to win prizes. The well-baby scores improved over time (24.64-31.2 for Kotla Mubarakpur, 19-24.6 for Gautam Nagar, 20.9-22.4 for Rajeev Gandhi, 20.6-23.6 for AIIMS jhuggi, and 13.6-21.4 for Kidwai Nagar). A weekly clinic operating in Kotla Mubarakpur accounted for the high initial mean score. Gautam Nagar had only periodic health services. A weekly mobile health van provided services in the Rajeev Gandhi colony. Door to door contacts were conducted in the jhuggi jhopri clusters to promote MCH/FP services. The scoring method reinforced integration of MCH/FP services. It allowed local health workers to make rapid analyses and MCH decision making. It also served as a tool to monitor the efficacy of local MCH/FP services. PMID:12319818

Anandalakshmy, P N; Mittal, S



Gender Norms and Institutional Culture: The Family-Friendly versus the Father-Friendly University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the role that gender norms and expectations about parenting play in establishing the family-friendly versus the father-friendly university. Using interviews with 51 male faculty at three research universities, the article considers how faculty and administrators' actions perpetuate cultures that promote or hinder…

Sallee, Margaret W.



Influence of place of delivery on outcome in babies with gastroschisis.  

PubMed Central

In order to determine whether the elective delivery of babies with gastroschisis confers advantages in outcome, the case-notes of all babies referred to Bristol with gastroschisis over a 10 year period were reviewed. Various factors were compared between babies born in Bristol and those born elsewhere in the South West region. One neonate from the outborn group died after transfer to Bristol but otherwise there was no evidence that transfer and elective delivery in Bristol conferred any advantage. The important of effective resuscitation of outborn babies before transfer is emphasised and guidelines for resuscitation given. PMID:8466271

Stoodley, N; Sharma, A; Noblett, H; James, D



Health Promotion via Deaf-Friendly Ministries  

PubMed Central

Deaf community members face many barriers to accessing health information. This paper discusses the feasibility of creating a nationwide network of Deaf-friendly ministries to help disseminate cancer information in American Sign Language (ASL) to the Deaf community. Deaf-friendly ministries (N=403), identified through Internet searches and one-on-one referrals, were sent up to three mailed invitations to join the network. Over half of the ministries responded, with 191 (47.4 %) of the ministries joining the network, completing a baseline survey and receiving ASL cancer education videos to share with members of their congregation and community. Fifteen (3.7 %) responded that they were not interested or no longer had a Deaf-friendly ministry; the rest did not respond or their invitations were returned as undeliverable. As the program progressed, an additional 238 Deaf-friendly ministries were identified. To date, 61 (25.6 %) agreed to participate after the single invitation that was mailed. This network of Deaf-friendly ministries offers a promising dissemination partner. PMID:22941763

Branz, Patricia; Fager, Matthew; Seegers, Sharon; Shimasaki, Suzuho



Grinding machine: friend or foe.  


Few cases of traumatic loses of the external genitalia have been reported in this part of the world. In a developing country like ours, grinding machines are commonly being used by the people for domestic purposes. Children in their mid fifteens are usually employed to man and operate the machine without proper training and apprenticeship. Many of them have fallen victims of various genito-urinary injuries from grinding machine. Treating a child for complete traumatic loss of penis is rare and challenging any where in the world. A 12 years old boy presented to the emergency unit of our hospital with penile amputation 18 hours after the injury was sustained. A penile reconstruction of corporal cavernosa phalloplasty was used. This method of reconstruction may be used by clinician in our sub-region where other treatment modalities such as replantation by microvascular surgery, use of free radial fore-arm flap or sex reassignment to the female gender may not be feasible or acceptable. PMID:12665282

Adigun, I A; Kuranga, S A; Abdulrahman, L O



Competence, Problem Behavior, and the Effects of Having No Friends, Aggressive Friends, or Nonaggressive Friends: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the longitudinal relations between competence (academic achievement and social preference) and problem behavior (loneliness and aggression) in 741 elementary school boys and girls in the Netherlands (Grades 1-5). Also, we examined the moderation effects of having no friends, aggressive friends, or nonaggressive friends on the…

Palmen, Hanneke; Vermande, Marjolijn M.; Dekovic, Maja; van Aken, Marcel A. G.



Mobile health evaluation methods: the Text4baby case study.  


Mobile phones have been shown effective in several public health domains. However, there are few evaluations of the effectiveness of mobile health in health promotion. Also, although many studies have referenced behavioral theory, none appears to have explicitly tested theoretical assumptions or demonstrated mechanisms of change. More robust evaluation models that incorporate theory and measurement of behavioral mediators are needed. As in all public health programs, mobile health operates within a social ecological context. For example, organizational- and individual-level programs seek to influence health and health care practices and individual health behaviors. New programs such as Text4baby demonstrate how theory and explicit testing of mediators can be incorporated in evaluations. There are challenges and opportunities facing mHealth evaluations given the nature of the mobile channel. Mobile communication is ubiquitous, available at all times and places, and thus experimental control is often difficult. Natural experiments using variation in dosage of mHealth and place- or location-based designs may increase experimental control. Text4baby is a text messaging program that provides prenatal care messages to pregnant women and new mothers. It uses a partnership model with health care facilities often serving as local implementation partners. The authors review a case example of the evaluation of Text4baby at Madigan Army Medical Center. Participants were randomized to usual prenatal care plus text messaging or usual care alone. The evaluation has a theoretical model of behavior change and measures mediators as well as behavioral outcomes. Results will inform how behavioral theory works within mobile health programs. PMID:22548595

Evans, W Douglas; Abroms, Lorien C; Poropatich, Ronald; Nielsen, Peter E; Wallace, Jasmine L



The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition: four years of progress.  

PubMed Central

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is a cooperative venture of 80 national voluntary, health professional, and governmental organizations committed to improving maternal and infant health through education. In the 4 years since its creation, the Coalition has grown in scope and size, established an Executive Secretariat, and begun activities directed at breastfeeding, substance use, injury prevention, genetics, oral health, adolescent pregnancy, and motivation of low-income women. National Coalition educational materials on these subjects are produced by representatives of the national organization members contributing time and their organization's resources. In addition, member organizations sponsor the publication of a quarterly newsletter and other coalition-building materials including an exhibit, slide-tape show, television production kit, and a community organization guide. Combined with State and community enthusiasm for the Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies concept, technical assistance from national members has led to the formation of coalitions in many States--more than 40 States have designated contacts with the national coalition. The State coalitions have undertaken a variety of campaigns; the achievements in 12 States are outlined. Of high priority during the next year will be support of these developing State coalitions through co-sponsorship of regional conferences. The national Coalition will also continue to recognize innovative programs through annual national achievement awards. The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition is dedicated to continued development and promotion of educational programs for pregnant women, those planning a pregnancy, and their caregivers until 1990, in support of the health Objectives for the nation. Images p152-a p153-a p155-a PMID:3083469

Arkin, E B



[Fostering LGBT-Friendly Healthcare Services].  


LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) patients suffer from stigma and discrimination when seeking healthcare. A large LGBT healthcare survey revealed that 56% of gay patients and 70% of transgender patients suffered some type of discrimination while seeking healthcare in 2014. The fostering of LGBT-friendly healthcare services is not just an advanced step of gender mainstreaming but also a fulfillment of health equality and equity. Additionally, LGBT-friendly healthcare services are expected to provide new opportunities for healthcare workers. Therefore, proactive government policies, education, research, and clinical practice should all encourage the development of these healthcare services. We look forward to a well-developed LGBT-friendly healthcare system in Taiwan. PMID:25631181

Wei, Han-Ting; Chen, Mu-Hong; Ku, Wen-Wei



The Case of the Crying Baby Surgical vs. Medical Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The parents of a six-week-old baby girl know there is something seriously wrong with their child, but it takes a number of frustrating visits to the pediatrician before they finally get a correct diagnosis. Once they do, the parents must decide whether they want to seek a surgical solution or rely on a course of medical treatment for their daughter. Best suited for classes in pharmacology, nursing, or medicine, this case could also be used in a basic biology or anatomy course.

Mergenhagen, Kari A.



Babies Look and Learn: A Guide for Parents.  

E-print Network

TE>OC Z TA24S.7 ~,-----~~~2----i32 ) a b i e s l 0 0 k 1 .. ' IRRARA d JU N031P n 'K. . , r ~' ~ t ~ . learn A Guide for Parents TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director... string across his bed. Hang on it bright colored cloth, plastic bottle caps, painted spools, or other things. Be sure he can't quite reach these things. ?wa~~ MOrreMS pue UMOP wa~l rrnd l~6!w aH " Prop baby up on the floor, on the bed...




Browning susceptibility of minimally processed Baby and Romaine lettuces  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to determine the effects of cultivar, tissue susceptibility and storage temperature on the keeping\\u000a quality of minimally processed Baby and Romaine lettuces. Midrib and photosynthetic tissues were lightly processed and stored\\u000a for up to 7?days at 5???C and 13???C. Changes in L\\u000a \\u000a * and a\\u000a \\u000a * values and absorbance at 430?nm were compared. The relationship between

Marisol Castañer; María I. Gil; M. Victoria Ruíz; F. Artés



Hospital Charges of Potentially Preventable Pediatric Hospitalizations  

PubMed Central

Objectives Reducing the number of preventable hospitalizations represents a possible source of healthcare savings. However, the current literature lacks a description of the extent of potentially preventable pediatric hospitalizations. The study objectives are to (1) identify the charges and (2) demographic characteristics associated with potentially preventable pediatric hospitalizations. Methods Secondary analysis of the 2006 Kids’ Inpatient Database (weighted N=7,558,812). ICD-9-CM codes for 16 previously validated pediatric ambulatory care-sensitive (ACS) conditions identified potentially preventable hospitalizations; seven additional conditions reflected updated care guidelines. Outcome variables included number of admissions, hospitalization days, and hospital charges. Demographic and diagnostic variables associated with an ACS condition were compared with regression analyses using appropriate person-level weights. Results Pediatric ACS hospitalizations totaled $4.05B in charges and 1,087,570 hospitalization days in 2006. Two respiratory conditions—asthma and bacterial pneumonia—comprised 48.4% of ACS hospital charges and 46.7% of ACS hospitalization days. In multivariate analysis, variables associated with an ACS condition included: male gender (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.07–1.13); race/ethnicity of black (OR: 1.22; 95% CI: 1.16–1.27) or Hispanic (OR: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.06–1.18); and emergency department (ED) as admission source (OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.27–1.48). Conclusions Respiratory conditions comprised the largest proportion of potentially preventable pediatric hospitalizations, totaling as much as $1.96B in hospital charges. Children hospitalized with an ACS condition tend to be male, non-white, and admitted through the ED. Future research to prevent pediatric hospitalizations should examine targeted interventions in the primary care setting, specifically around respiratory conditions and minority populations. PMID:22922047

Lu, Sam; Kuo, Dennis Z.



Can available interventions end preventable deaths in mothers, newborn babies, and stillbirths, and at what cost?  


Progress in newborn survival has been slow, and even more so for reductions in stillbirths. To meet Every Newborn targets of ten or fewer neonatal deaths and ten or fewer stillbirths per 1000 births in every country by 2035 will necessitate accelerated scale-up of the most effective care targeting major causes of newborn deaths. We have systematically reviewed interventions across the continuum of care and various delivery platforms, and then modelled the effect and cost of scale-up in the 75 high-burden Countdown countries. Closure of the quality gap through the provision of effective care for all women and newborn babies delivering in facilities could prevent an estimated 113,000 maternal deaths, 531,000 stillbirths, and 1·325 million neonatal deaths annually by 2020 at an estimated running cost of US$4·5 billion per year (US$0·9 per person). Increased coverage and quality of preconception, antenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal interventions by 2025 could avert 71% of neonatal deaths (1·9 million [range 1·6-2·1 million]), 33% of stillbirths (0·82 million [0·60-0·93 million]), and 54% of maternal deaths (0·16 million [0·14-0·17 million]) per year. These reductions can be achieved at an annual incremental running cost of US$5·65 billion (US$1·15 per person), which amounts to US$1928 for each life saved, including stillbirths, neonatal, and maternal deaths. Most (82%) of this effect is attributable to facility-based care which, although more expensive than community-based strategies, improves the likelihood of survival. Most of the running costs are also for facility-based care (US$3·66 billion or 64%), even without the cost of new hospitals and country-specific capital inputs being factored in. The maximum effect on neonatal deaths is through interventions delivered during labour and birth, including for obstetric complications (41%), followed by care of small and ill newborn babies (30%). To meet the unmet need for family planning with modern contraceptives would be synergistic, and would contribute to around a halving of births and therefore deaths. Our analysis also indicates that available interventions can reduce the three most common cause of neonatal mortality--preterm, intrapartum, and infection-related deaths--by 58%, 79%, and 84%, respectively. PMID:24853604

Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Das, Jai K; Bahl, Rajiv; Lawn, Joy E; Salam, Rehana A; Paul, Vinod K; Sankar, M Jeeva; Sankar, Jeeva M; Blencowe, Hannah; Rizvi, Arjumand; Chou, Victoria B; Walker, Neff



Talking about baby walkers: Insights about health education from the field  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To explore the perceptions and experiences of health visitors and parents of health education approaches to baby walker use.Design An exploratory focus group study to inform the development of an educational intervention to reduce baby walker use. Five groups were conducted. One group consisted solely of health visitors, one of antenatal parents and three of parents of children under

Amanda Woods; Rhydian Hapgood; Elaine Bentley; Denise Kendrick; Jane Dyas



Adolescent Mothers' Depression after the Birth of Their Babies: Weathering the Storm.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the experiences of adolescent mothers with depression following the birth of their babies. A sample of 20 participants, between the ages of 16 and 18, were asked to reflect upon and describe their thoughts, feelings, and perceptions about being depressed after the birth of their babies. Implications for practice and directions for future…

Clemmens, Donna A.



The Crossover Generation: Baby Boomers and the Role of the Public Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article explores the concept of baby boomers as a "crossover" generation, one that embodies characteristics of previous and later generations. The context is the retirement of the baby boomers and its potential impact on the public library. Ethnographic method within a constructivist framework was used, employing the techniques of focus groups…

Williamson, Kirsty; Bannister, Marion; Sullivan, Jen



Effect of nutrition education on exclusive breastfeeding for nutritional outcome of low birth weight babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Objectives:Low birth weight (LBW), defined as the body weight at birth of less than 2500 g, is a major public health problem in Bangladesh, where 37% of the babies are born with LBW. The objective of this study is to see the impact of nutrition education on growth of LBW babies with early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding compared to control

S K Thakur; S K Roy; K Paul; M Khanam; W Khatun; D Sarker



Paru dans Prenatal Diagnosis, 1998, 18 :437-445. ADOPTION AND FOSTERING OF BABIES  

E-print Network

noticed an increase in newborns with Down syndrome being placed up for adoption. The aim of this study : Down syndrome, human adoption, foster care inserm-00354600,version1-20Jan2009 #12;3 INTRODUCTION Until for adoption, showed that 12% had Down syndrome (DS). These babies represent 25.9% of total babies with DS


76 FR 65933 - Importation of Fresh Baby Kiwi From Chile Under a Systems Approach  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...0579-AD37 Importation of Fresh Baby Kiwi From Chile Under a Systems Approach AGENCY: Animal...continental United States of baby kiwi fruit from Chile, subject to a systems approach. Under...that is registered with the Government of Chile and certified as having a low...



What to Do if Your Baby's Screening Reveals a Possible Hearing Problem  


Home Health Info Hearing, Ear Infections, and Deafness What to Do if Your Baby’s Screening Reveals a Possible Hearing Problem What to Do if ... One of the most common tools is the hearing aid, a device worn in or behind the ear that helps make sounds louder. Hearing aids have ...


Infants' Attention to Synthesised Baby Music and Original Acoustic Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distinct music genre known as baby music is based on the premise that infants benefit from music "re-orchestrated for their little ears" ("Baby Einstein Takealong Tunes". (2012). Retrieved December 11, 2012, from We completed a…

Merkow, Carla H.; Costa-Giomi, Eugenia



Providing warmth for preterm babies by a heated, water filled mattress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventeen healthy preterm babies had extra warmth provided in their cots by thermocontrolled, heated, water filled mattresses. As controls 17 babies of the same weight were nursed in air heated incubators. Both groups were studied for three weeks. No differences were found in minimal oxygen consumption (measured by indirect calorimetry), rectal and mean skin temperatures, or in daily weight gain.

I Sarman; R Tunell



Guidelines for Library Services to Babies and Toddlers. IFLA Professional Reports, No. 100  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Guidelines are focused on the library services to babies and toddlers, their families and supporting organizations dealing with early literacy and appropriate services for the very young. Early brain development research has shown the unequivocal impact that talking, singing and reading to babies and toddlers can have on their acquisition of…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (NJ1), 2007



Whose Hand Rocks the Cradle? Parallel Discourses in the Baby Room  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the practice narratives of a group of 25 caregivers who work with babies in daycare settings in England and seeks to illustrate awareness of, resistance to and compliance with powerful discourses. It is argued that multiple voices exert an influence over baby room practice, disempowering the caregivers and reducing their…

Powell, Sacha; Goouch, Kathy



Association between Michelin tire baby syndrome and congenital panhyopituitarism in an Iranian girl.  


Michelin tire baby syndrome is a rare syndrome, diagnosed clinically by multiple circumferential skin folds. Multiple noncutaneous anomalies have been described with this syndrome. We report a case of Michelin tire baby syndrome with congenital panhypopituitarism. To date, there is no report of association between these two disorders. PMID:25065283

Haghshenas, Zahra; Tajziehchi, Leila; Ghavami, Fakhredin



Design and implementation of baby-care service based on context-awareness for digital home  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we design and implement baby-care service based on context-awareness in digital home, where sensors are widespread for collecting raw data and a home server exists for triggering automatic services according to the baby's situation. We describe a scenario and techniques, design and implement system architecture and service flows for this service. Using our scheme, we can take

HyunJeong Lee; Shin Young Lim; JaeDoo Huh



Baby Boomers Attending a Community College: Influences, Challenges, and Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to determine how Baby Boomers make meaning out of disorientating dilemmas and challenges as they enroll in community college for career training. The dilemmas include: retirement, layoffs, shrinking job market, returning to school, and dwindling retirement accounts. Understanding Baby Boomers'…

Peters, Nancy



77 FR 22564 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Request; Safety Standards for Full- Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Compliance Form AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...standards for full-size and non-full-size cribs. The Commission will consider all comments...



Umbilical arteries of babies born to cigarette smokers generate less prostacyclin and contain less arginine and citrulline compared with those of babies born to control subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The hyposthesis of this study was that umbilical arteries of babies born to smoking mothers produce less nitric oxide and prostacyclin than do those of nonsmoking mothers.STUDY DESIGN:l-Arginine, l-citrulline, l-cysteine, and prostacyclin were measured in the umbilical arteries of 11 babies born to smoking mothers and 16 infants born to nonsmoking controls. The concentrations in the two groups were

Martin R. Ulm; Barbara Plöckinger; Christian Pirich; Ryszard J. Gryglewski; Helmut F. Sinzinger




Located in the foothills of the Wasatch Mountains, Primary Children's Hospital is the children's hospital for Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, and Montana. Our 289-bed hospital is equipped and staffed to care for children with complex illness and injury. Primary Children's is owned by Intermountain Healthcare and is the pediatric specialty teaching hospital for the University Of Utah School of Medicine.


Measuring Rural Hospital Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are sensitive…

Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid



Competition among hospitals.  


The traditional view of hospital competition has posited that hospitals compete primarily along 'quality' dimensions, in the form of fancy equipment to attract admitting physicians and pleasant surroundings to entice patients. Price competition among hospitals is thought to be non-existent. This paper estimates the effects of various hospital market characteristics on hospital prices and expenses in an attempt to determine the form of hospital competition. The results suggest that both price and quality competition are greater in markets that are less concentrated, although the net effect of the two on prices is insignificant. It appears, therefore, that, despite important distortions, hospital markets are not immune to standard competitive forces. PMID:10291477

Noether, M



Birth trauma to muscles in babies born by breech delivery and its possible fatal consequences.  

PubMed Central

Dissection and histological examination was made of the muscles of 86 babies who died after breech delivery, and of 38 babies who died after vertex presentation. A control group of 50 surviving breech-delivered babies was examined clinically and the results compared. It was concluded that the most common type of birth trauma to a baby born by breech delivery is injury to muscles and soft tissues of the back and lower extremities, which is often extensive. In some severly injured babies histological examination of organs revels signs of crush syndrome and disseminated intravascular coagulation. It is suggested that the extensive muscle trauma forms the background of these fatal conditions. Images FIG. 1. FIG. 2. FIG. 3. FIG. 4. FIG. 5. PMID:1124942

Rális, Z A



[Morphology of organs of the immune system in perinatally dying babies with autosomal trisomies].  


Morphology of the immune system organs was studied in 13 babies with autosomal trisomies (Down's, Edwards', and Patau's syndromes) dying in the perinatal period and having no morphological signs of infectious diseases. The control group included 5 babies without congenital malformations and 12 babies with unclassified multiple malformations. Hypoplasia of the lymphoid tissue was demonstrated in autosomal trisomies (the relative weight of the thymus decreased 2-fold; the spleen, lymph nodes and the intestinal tract deficient in lymphocytes). In Down's disease hypoplasia was most marked; besides, a 3-fold increase in the average area of Hassall's bodies as compared with that in Patau's and Edwards' syndromes and in the controls was observed. Babies with congenital malformations of non-chromosomal origin had no significant differences in the condition of the immune system organs as compared with babies without malformations which indicates the influence of chromosomal pathology on the formation of the immune system in the intrauterine period. PMID:6229236

Voloshchuk, I N



Best Friends’ Discussions of Social Dilemmas  

PubMed Central

Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best friends (191 dyads; 53.4% female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad members completed a self-report measure of friendship quality. Dyadic data analyses guided by the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model indicated that adolescent and friend's reports of friendship qualities were related to the forms of reasoning used during discussion. Friends who both reported that they could resolve conflicts in a constructive way were more likely to use moral reasoning than friends who reported that their conflict resolution was poor or disagreed on the quality of their conflict resolution. The findings provide evidence for the important role that friendship interaction may play in adolescents’ social and moral development. PMID:23666555

McDonald, Kristina L.; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H.



You've Got a Friend.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the fundraising efforts of the Torrey Pines High School (California) library through the formation of a Friends of the Library group. Discusses how to form a nonprofit corporation, making the purchase of new books a priority, increasing the library's visibility, and ideas for fundraising events. (LRW)

Politzer, Linda



Progress in environmentally friendly lubricant development  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Environmentally friendly lubricants comprise ingredients derived from natural raw materials such as those harvested from farms, forests, etc. There is a great deal of interest in such lubricants because of their potential economic, environmental, health, and safety benefits over petroleum-based prod...


Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products  

E-print Network

Green Technology Foresight about environmentally friendly products and materials - The challenges OF THE REPORT 27 2 GREEN TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT OF GENERIC TECHNOLOGIES 29 2.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE METHODOLOGICAL and marketing frame-work conditions 54 3.2.2 ICT as technology area 59 3.3 ICT AND THE ENVIRONMENT 64 3


Students' Facebook "Friends": Public and Private Spheres  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of "friends". This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student users of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as Facebook…

West, Anne; Lewis, Jane; Currie, Peter



Prader/Willi Syndrome Parents and Friends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of Prader-Willi syndrome, which include obesity, short stature, and mental retardation, are explained; and the history and activities of the Prader-Willi Syndrome Parents and Friends organization, whose primary purpose is to act as a vehicle of communication for sharing experiences on how to cope with the syndrome, are…

Exceptional Parent, 1977



Higgs friends and counterfeits at hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

We consider the possibility of 'Higgs counterfeits' - scalars that can be produced with cross sections comparable to the SM Higgs, and which decay with identical relative observable branching ratios, but which are nonetheless not responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking. We also consider a related scenario involving 'Higgs friends,' fields similarly produced through gg fusion processes, which would be discovered through diboson channels WW,ZZ,{gamma}{gamma}, or even {gamma}Z, potentially with larger cross sections times branching ratios than for the Higgs. The discovery of either a Higgs friend or a Higgs counterfeit, rather than directly pointing towards the origin of the weak scale, would indicate the presence of new colored fields necessary for the sizable production cross section (and possibly new colorless but electroweakly charged states as well, in the case of the diboson decays of a Higgs friend). These particles could easily be confused for an ordinary Higgs, perhaps with an additional generation to explain the different cross section, and we emphasize the importance of vector boson fusion as a channel to distinguish a Higgs counterfeit from a true Higgs. Such fields would naturally be expected in scenarios with 'effective Z's,' where heavy states charged under the SM produce effective charges for SM fields under a new gauge force. We discuss the prospects for discovery of Higgs counterfeits, Higgs friends, and associated charged fields at the LHC.

Fox, Patrick J.; /Fermilab; Tucker-Smith, David; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Williams Coll. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study; Weiner, Neal; /New York U., CCPP /New York U. /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study



Summer 2014 A Researcher's Best Friend  

E-print Network

16 Summer 2014 A Researcher's Best Friend Collaborative study enhances knowledge of B-cell lymphoma by dogs from around the country. The boundary-crossing project, one of the first to compare canine. then there are the dogs, all victims of lymphoma. They, in a way, contributed the most. In the study, 68 dogs

Langerhans, Brian


How to win friends and influence people  

E-print Network

My thesis work developed out of a specific book: How to Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie. The book is one of the best-selling self-help books of all time. Every part of the book was material for my project: ...

Wheelock, Jess (Jessica Therese)



Higgs friends and counterfeits at hadron colliders  

E-print Network

We consider the possibility of "Higgs counterfeits" - scalars that can be produced with cross sections comparable to the SM Higgs, and which decay with identical relative observable branching ratios, but which are nonetheless not responsible for electroweak symmetry breaking. We also consider a related scenario involving "Higgs friends," fields similarly produced through gg fusion processes, which would be discovered through diboson channels WW, ZZ, gamma gamma, or even gamma Z, potentially with larger cross sections times branching ratios than for the Higgs. The discovery of either a Higgs friend or a Higgs counterfeit, rather than directly pointing towards the origin of the weak scale, would indicate the presence of new colored fields necessary for the sizable production cross section (and possibly new colorless but electroweakly charged states as well, in the case of the diboson decays of a Higgs friend). These particles could easily be confused for an ordinary Higgs, perhaps with an additional generation to explain the different cross section, and we emphasize the importance of vector boson fusion as a channel to distinguish a Higgs counterfeit from a true Higgs. Such fields would naturally be expected in scenarios with "effective Z's," where heavy states charged under the SM produce effective charges for SM fields under a new gauge force. We discuss the prospects for discovery of Higgs counterfeits, Higgs friends, and associated charged fields at the LHC.

Patrick J. Fox; David Tucker-Smith; Neal Weiner



Safety-net hospitals.  


Vulnerable populations, who have difficulty accessing the health care system, primarily receive their medical care from hospitals. Policy makers have struggled to ensure the survival of "safety-net hospitals," hospitals that provide a disproportionate share of care to these patient populations. The objective of this article is to develop measures to guide analysis and policy for urban safety-net hospitals. The authors developed three safety-net measures: the socioeconomic status of hospital service area, Medicaid intensity, and uncompensated care burden and its market share. Cluster analysis was used to identify break points that distinguish a safety-net hospital from a non-safety-net hospital. The measures developed were stable and independent, but a data-driven binary assignment of hospitals to a "safety-net" category was not supported. These analyses call into question the empirical basis for distinguishing a specific group of hospitals as safety-net hospitals. PMID:18640951

Zwanziger, Jack; Khan, Nasreen




E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PROCESSING OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR THERMAL INSULATION CHANJOONG KIM, 151-742, Korea Abstract An environmentally friendly processing method of polyurethane foam was proposed and evaluated for the application of thermal insulation. For the production of polyurethane foam

Kim, Chanjoong


Near-Centenarian Makes Friends Quickly in New Home  


... Senior Living Near-Centenarian Makes Friends Quickly in New Home Past Issues / Summer 2009 Table of Contents ... 2008. Alice has already made friends at her new home. Frequent luncheon partners and home residents Beatrice ...


National Hospital Discharge Survey

The National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), which has been conducted annually since 1965, collects data from a sample of approximately 270,000 inpatient records acquired from a national sample of about 500 hospitals. Only hospitals with an average length of stay of fewer than 30 days for all patients, general hospitals, or children's general hospitals are included in the survey. Information collected includes diagnoses, surgical and nonsurgical procedures, prescription and over-the-counter drugs, immunizations, allergy shots, anesthetics, and dietary supplements.


77 FR 54567 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Requirements for Baby-Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Requirements for Baby-Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety...the requirements for baby-bouncers and walker-jumpers in regulations codified at 16...Requirements for Baby-Bouncers and Walker-Jumpers One CPSC regulation bans...



America's Demography in the New Century: Aging Baby Boomers and New Immigrants as Major Players. Milken Institute Policy Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's demography in the new century will be affected by the aging baby boom generation and by new immigrants. Focus on just the national implications of aging baby boomers and the new immigrants is inadequate. This policy brief takes a regional perspective, examining recent trends and population statistics and making the case that aging baby

Frey, William H.; DeVol, Ross C.


Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes of Teenage Pregnant Women Attending a Tertiary Teaching Hospital in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objective To study the obstetrical and perinatal outcomes of teenage Omani girls with singleton pregnancies at a tertiary teaching hospital. Methods This is a retrospective case control study. We reviewed obstetric and perinatal outcomes of teenage nulliparous pregnant Omani girls with singleton pregnancies aged 14 to 19 years, delivered at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, between 1 July 2006 and 30 June 2013. We compared their outcomes with outcomes of pregnant nulliparous Omani women with singleton pregnancies aged 20 to 25 years old delivered at the same hospital during the same period. Results When compared with pregnant women (n=307), teenage pregnant girls (n=307) were found to have higher proportion of preterm delivery <32 weeks (7% vs. 3%, p=0.040), preterm pre-labor rupture of membranes (PPROM) (19% vs. 11%, p=0.005) and anemia (58% vs. 44%, p=0.005). Cesarean section rate was higher in women than teenager girls (20% vs. 10%, p=0.001). Teenager girls had lighter babies (mean weight ± standard deviation 2,750±690 vs. 2,890±480, p=0.020), incidence of very low birth weight babies (<1,500g) was higher in teenagers (3.9% vs. 0.3%, p=0.003), but perinatal mortality rate was similar in the two groups. Conclusion Teenage pregnant Omani women are at increased risk of preterm delivery before 32 weeks gestation, PPROM, anemia, and delivering very low birth weight babies. PMID:25584155

Al-Haddabi, Rahma; Al-Bash, Majeda; Al-Mabaihsi, Nadia; Al-Maqbali, Najla; Al-Dhughaishi, Tamima; Abu-Heija, Adel



Associations between friends' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors  

PubMed Central

Dieting, unhealthy weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors are common among adolescents: friends are a probable source of influence on these behaviors. The present study uses data provided by nominated friends to examine associations between friends' disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors and participants' own behaviors in a diverse sample of American youth. Male and female adolescents (mean age = 14.4) completed surveys and identified their friends from a class roster; friends' survey data were then linked to each participant. Participants (N = 2126) who had at least one nominated friend were included in the analytic sample. Independent variables were created using the same weight control and muscle-enhancing behaviors reported by nominated friends, and were used in logistic regression models to test associations between participants' and their friends' behaviors, stratified by gender. Results indicated that dieting, disordered eating and muscle-enhancing behaviors were common in this sample, and selected friends' behaviors were associated with the same behaviors in participants. For example, girls whose friends reported extreme weight control behaviors had significantly greater odds of using these behaviors than girls whose friends did not report these same behaviors (OR = 2.39). This research suggests that friends' weight- and shape-related behaviors are a feature of social relationships, and is the first report demonstrating these associations for muscle-enhancing behaviors. Capitalizing on the social element may be important to the development of increasingly effective intervention and prevention programs. PMID:23010337

Eisenberg, Marla E.; Wall, Melanie; Shim, Jin Joo; Bruening, Meg; Loth, Katie; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne



Maternal Affection Moderates Friend Influence on Schoolwork Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated friend influence over adolescent schoolwork engagement in 160 same-sex friend dyads (94 female dyads and 66 male dyads). Participants were approximately 16 years of age at the outset. Each friend described his or her own schoolwork engagement, school burnout, and perceptions of maternal affection. The results revealed that…

Marion, Donna; Laursen, Brett; Kiuru, Noona; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Salmela-Aro, Katariina



How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts?  


How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > Friends > How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Print A A ... emotional pain they might have. Continue Ways to Help Here are some things that you can try ...


The Friends of the University Library Special Collections Endowment  

E-print Network

The Friends of the University Library Special Collections Endowment The Friends of the University Library has established The Friends of the University Library Special Collections Endowment Fund Special Collections Endowment Fund Office of University Development Kelly Hall ­ 7th Floor 500 West

Ward, Karen


"Friending" Professors, Parents and Bosses: A Facebook Connection Conundrum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ever-growing popularity of Facebook has led some educators to ponder what role social networking might have in education. The authors examined student reactions to friend requests from people outside their regular network of friends including professors, parents, and employers. We found students have the most positive reactions to friend

Karl, Katherine A.; Peluchette, Joy V.



2014 Grants announced by the Friends of Long Island Horticulture  

E-print Network

2014 Grants announced by the Friends of Long Island Horticulture The Friends of Long Island Horticulture are pleased to announce the recipients of the 2014 research grant competition. This year $25 allowed these research projects to be funded. The Friends of Long Island Horticulture was organized

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas


Friends of the National Library of Medicine - Letter from Friends of the NLM Chairman Paul G. Rogers  


... Letter from Friends of the NLM Chairman Paul G. Rogers Past Issues / Winter 2008 Table of Contents ... for your interest in NIH MedlinePlus . Sincerely, Paul G. Rogers, Chairman Friends of the National Library of ...


Ensuring Appropriate Expert Testimony for Cases Involving the “Shaken Baby  

PubMed Central

For the past 50 years, the “shaken baby” syndrome (SBS) has been one of the many terms used to describe a form of abusive head trauma in children. The term now preferred is pediatric abusive head trauma (AHT), which is defined as “an injury to the skull or intracranial contents of an infant or young child (less than five years of age) due to inflicted blunt impact and/or violent shaking.”1, 2 This new term reflects the fundamental construct that certain forms of head trauma are intentionally inflicted. The incidence is estimated to be 20 to 30 cases per 100,000 children under one year of age with a case fatality rate exceeding 20% and significant disability for about two-thirds of the survivors. 1 In addition, AHT results in major healthcare costs for the survivors. (see Libby AM, Sills MR, Thurston NK, Orton HD. Costs of childhood physical abuse: comparing inflicted and unintentional traumatic brain injuries. PMID:22760288

Albert, Daniel M.; Blanchard, June Weisberger; Knox, Barbara L.



Designing deaf babies and the question of disability.  


This article explores the recent controversy surrounding a Deaf lesbian couple's deliberate attempt at finding a Deaf donor to increase their chances of having a d/Deaf baby. Many have criticized the Deaf couple for harming their child; Deaf advocates have responded that the couple's decision reflects a natural cultural desire. This article seeks to explore how the medical model of disability implicitly used on both sides of the debate has obscured important points. Once this controversy takes into consideration the social construction of disability, the ethical defense of seeking a deaf child gains further support. This leads to the ironic claim that seeking a deaf child could actually mitigate the conditions of disability within the family. PMID:15858071

Bauman, H-Dirksen L



Hospitable Classrooms: Biblical Hospitality and Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper contributes to a Christian hermeneutic of special education by suggesting the biblical concept of hospitality as a necessary characteristic of classroom and school environments in which students with disabilities and other marginalized students can be effectively incorporated into the body of the classroom. Christian hospitality, seen…

Anderson, David W.



From Family to Friends: Does Witnessing Interparental Violence Affect Young Adults’ Relationships with Friends?  

PubMed Central

Purpose Childhood exposure to violence in one’s family of origin has been closely linked to subsequent perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence. There is, however, little research on the relationship between witnessing violence and subsequent peer violence. This study investigates the effects of witnessing interparental violence among Filipino young adults on their use and experience of psychological aggression with friends. Methods The data source for this study was the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. Recent perpetration and victimization of friend psychological aggression among young adults ages 21–22 years was assessed through self-reports from the 2005 survey, and witnessing interparental violence during childhood was assessed through self-reports from the 2002 survey. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the effects of witnessing interparental violence on subsequent use and experience of friend psychological aggression. Analyses were stratified by gender. Results About 13% of females and 4% of males perpetrated psychological aggression towards close friends, and about 4% of females and males were victims. Fourteen percent of females and 3% of males experienced bidirectional psychological aggression. About 44% of females and 47% of males had, during childhood, witnessed their parents physically hurt one another. Witnessing maternal and reciprocal interparental violence during childhood significantly predicted bidirectional friend psychological aggression among males. Among females, witnessing interparental violence did not significantly predict involvement with friend psychological aggression. Conclusions Violence prevention programs should consider using family-centered interventions, and apply a gendered lens to their application. Further research on gender differences in friend aggression is recommended. PMID:23697789

Mandal, Mahua; Hindin, Michelle J.



The application of hospitality elements in hospitals.  


In the last decade, many hospital designs have taken inspiration from hotels, spurred by factors such as increased patient and family expectations and regulatory or financial incentives. Increasingly, research evidence suggests the value of enhancing the physical environment to foster healing and drive consumer decisions and perceptions of service quality. Although interest is increasing in the broader applicability of numerous hospitality concepts to the healthcare field, the focus of this article is design innovations, and the services that such innovations support, from the hospitality industry. To identify physical hotel design elements and associated operational features that have been used in the healthcare arena, a series of interviews with hospital and hotel design experts were conducted. Current examples and suggestions for future hospitality elements were also sought from the experts, academic journals, and news articles. Hospitality elements applied in existing hospitals that are addressed in this article include hotel-like rooms and decor; actual hotels incorporated into medical centers; hotel-quality food, room service, and dining facilities for families; welcoming lobbies and common spaces; hospitality-oriented customer service training; enhanced service offerings, including concierges; spas or therapy centers; hotel-style signage and way-finding tools; and entertainment features. Selected elements that have potential for future incorporation include executive lounges and/or communal lobbies with complimentary wireless Internet and refreshments, centralized controls for patients, and flexible furniture. Although the findings from this study underscore the need for more hospitality-like environments in hospitals, the investment decisions made by healthcare executives must be balanced with cost-effectiveness and the assurance that clinical excellence remains the top priority. PMID:23424818

Wu, Ziqi; Robson, Stephani; Hollis, Brooke



CAD Instructor Designs Eco-Friendly Shed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dissatisfied with the options offered by big box stores--and wanting to save some money and go as green as possible--the author puts his design and construction skills to good use. In this article, he shares how he designed and built an eco-friendly shed. He says he is very pleased with the results of working with his own design, reducing waste,…

Schwendau, Mark



Robot-friendly connector. [space truss structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Robot friendly connectors, which, in one aspect, are truss joints with two parts, a receptacle and a joint, are presented. The joints have a head which is loosely inserted into the receptacle and is then tightened and aligned. In one aspect, the head is a rounded hammerhead which initially is enclosed in the receptacle with sloppy fit provided by the shape, size, and configuration of surfaces on the head and on the receptacle.

Parma, George F. (inventor); Vandeberghe, Mark H. (inventor); Ruiz, Steve C. (inventor)



Congenital hydrocephalus in an Egyptian baby with trisomy 18: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Trisomy 18 is the second most common autosomal trisomy after Down syndrome (trisomy 21). A variety of anomalies of the central nervous system are observed in cases of trisomy 18. The association between trisomy 18 and congenital hydrocephalus is very rare. Case presentation A 4-month-old male Egyptian baby boy was referred to Assiut University hospital for evaluation of his large-sized head. The initial clinical examination revealed facial dysmorphism including a prominent wide forehead, wide anterior fontanel, bushy eyebrows, synophrosis, small palpebral fissures, ocular hypertelorism, high arched palate, depressed nasal bridge, low-set ears, micrognathia, bilateral clenched hands with over lapping fingers, rocker-bottom feet and penile hypospadius. A computed tomography scan of the patient's head showed a dilatation of all the ventricular systems of the brain that suggested hydrocephalus. A chromosome analysis of his peripheral blood confirmed a trisomy of chromosome 18 (47, XX+18). The hydrocephalus was treated with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt because of the abnormal increase in his head circumference. He was discharged home on nasogastric feeds at the age of 5 months. Despite the advice of the medical team, his parents did not bring him for further follow up. He died at the age of 7 months due to a sudden cardiorespiratory arrest at home. Conclusion Microcephaly is not mandatory for the diagnosis of trisomy 18 syndrome because some cases of trisomy 18 can be associated with other anomalies of the central nervous system, including hydrocephalus. There is no proven explanation for this association, and the management of hydrocephalus in such a situation is not different from the usual course of management. PMID:19946592



Radiation dose to neonates undergoing X-ray imaging in special care baby units in Iran.  


Radiographic imaging has a significant role in the timely diagnosis of the diseases of neonates in intensive care units. The estimation of the dose received by the infants undergoing radiographic examination is of great importance, due to greater more radiosensitivity and longer life expectancy of the neonates and premature babies. In this study, the values of entrance skin dose (ESD), dose area products (DAPs), energy imparted (EI), whole-body dose, effective dose and risk of childhood cancer were estimated using three methods including direct method [using thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) chips], indirect method (using tube output) and Monte Carlo (MC) method (using MCNP4C code). In the first step, the ESD of the neonates was directly measured using TLD-100 chips. Fifty neonates, mostly premature, with different weights and gestational ages in five hospitals mostly suffering from respiratory distress syndrome and pneumonia were involved in this study. In the second step, the values of ESD to neonates were indirectly obtained from the tube output in different imaging techniques. The imaging room, incubator, neonates and other components were then simulated in order to obtain the ESD values using the MCNP4C code. Finally, the values of ESD assessed by the three methods were used for calculation of DAP, EI, whole-body dose, effective dose and risk of childhood cancer. The results indicate that the mean ESD per radiograph estimated by the direct, indirect and MC methods are 56.6±4.1, 50.1±3.1 and 54.5±3.3 ?Gy, respectively. The mean risk of childhood cancer estimated in this study varied between 4.21×10(-7) and 2.72×10(-6). PMID:22128357

Faghihi, Reza; Mehdizadeh, Simin; Sina, Sedigheh; Alizadeh, Fatemeh N; Zeinali, Banafsheh; Kamyab, Gholam Reza; Aghevlian, Sadaf; Khorramdel, Hossein; Namazi, Imen; Heirani, Mandana; Moshkriz, Meisam; Mahani, Hojjat; Sharifzadeh, Mohsen



[Endocrine disruptors in food contact articles and baby toys with their transition].  


A number of endocrine disruptors have been reported in food contact articles and baby toys mainly during the second half of the 1990s. Bisphenol A, nonylphenol, phthalates, styrene dimers and trimers, and their transision are described in this article. Bisphenol A was found in polycarbonate tableware, nursing bottles and the epoxy resin coating of cans, therefore, it was also found in the canned foods and drinks. Polycarbonate is now only slightly used for tableware or nursing bottles in Japan because consumers refused them. The can manufacturers changed their coating material to the low bisphenol A resin or PET films and voluntarily regulate its migration limit to under 5 or 10 ng/ml. Nonylphenol was found in most PVC wrapping films and gloves. It was generated from an oxidant, tris (nonylphenyl) phosphite. PVC wrapping film was extensively used in markets, thus many kinds of foods were contaminated. Among them, fillet or minced fish and meat contained it at high levels. In 2000, manufacturers voluntarily changed their composition and all wrapping films in Japan no longer contain nonylphenol. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was found in PVC gloves, which contaminated packed lunches and hospital meals at high levels. The government prohibited these gloves for all food contact use in 2000, moreover, other PVC food contact articles containing DEHP were prohibited for contact use with fatty foods in 2002. DEHP was also found in PVC toys which was prohibited in 2002. Styrene dimers and trimers were found in PS products, which migrated into cupped noodles after cooking. No changes have been made in them. In Japan, the exposure to bisphenol A, nonylphenol and DEHP have been significantly reduced and people also have more concerns with the safety of food contact articles. PMID:21381390

Kawamura, Yoko



PCR pattern of HIV-exposed infants in a tertiary hospital  

PubMed Central

Introduction Early infant diagnosis (EID) provides a critical opportunity to strengthen follow-up of HIV-exposed children and early access to antiretroviral treatment. The study is designed to determine PCR pattern of HIV- exposed infants. Methods A 2-year cross-sectional study at Usmanu Danfodio University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, Nigeria. All pregnant women that presented to our ANC between January, 2011 and December, 2012 were screened for HIV; confirmation for seropositivity was from a positive ELISA and then a Western Blot assay. PCR was done for all the HIV-exposed babies at 6-8 weeks of age. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20.0. Results Otal delivery was 6,578. One hundred and sixty three babies from 162 mothers were HIV-exposed; 88 males, 75 females, with male to female ratio of 1.2:1. Eighty eight (54.0%) of the mothers were on HAART before pregnancy; 63 (39.0%) commenced HAART during pregnancy while, 12 (7.0%) never received HAART. Three (1.8%) of the HIV-exposed babies had a positive PCR. One hundred and thirty nine babies (85.3%) were breast fed. Conclusion Mother-to-child-transmission of HIV appears to be on the decline in the study area (1.8%), this probably, represents the pattern in other parts of the country.

Ben, Onankpa; Yusuf, Tahir



New Beginnings for mothers and babies in prison: A cluster randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Mothers in prison represent a high-risk parenting population. New Beginnings is an attachment-based group intervention designed specifically for mothers and babies in prison. This cluster randomized trial examined the outcomes for 88 mothers and babies participating in the New Beginnings program and 75 dyads residing in prisons where the intervention did not take place. Outcomes were measured in terms of parental reflective functioning, the quality of parent–infant interaction, maternal depression, and maternal representations. Mothers in the control group deteriorated in their level of reflective functioning and behavioral interaction with their babies over time, whereas the mothers in the intervention group did not. There were no significant group effects on levels of maternal depression or mothers' self-reported representations of their babies over time. An attachment-based intervention may mitigate some of the risks to the quality of the parent–infant relationship for these dyads. PMID:23550526

Sleed, Michelle; Baradon, Tessa; Fonagy, Peter



Bringing Baby Home: How to Prepare for the Arrival of Your Newborn  


... Your Newborn Ages & Stages Listen Bringing Baby Home: How to Prepare for the Arrival of Your Newborn Article ... so you’ll know what to look for , how to respond, etc. Parents should also watch for signs ...


Local travel habits of baby boomers in suburban age-restricted communities  

E-print Network

The baby boomer generation is an unprecedented demographic of 78 million Americans, now entering retirement. Living mostly in suburbs and dependent on private vehicles for nearly all travel needs, boomers face increasing ...

Hebbert, Francis



Let Baby Set the Delivery Date: Wait Until 39 Weeks if You Can  


... our exit disclaimer . Subscribe Let Baby Set the Delivery Date Wait Until 39 Weeks if You Can ... recent years, there’s been a trend toward earlier deliveries, as more women are choosing the date they’ ...


Quantifying Farmer Evaluation of Technologies: The Mother and Baby Trial Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents five years of experience in Malawi, experimenting with a novel mother and baby trial design to systematically connect assessment of technologies by farmers with biological performance. This design consists of two types of trials. The \\



Tolerance of natural baby skin-care products on healthy, full-term infants and toddlers  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the tolerance of baby skin-care products with at least 95% naturally derived ingredients on infants and toddlers. Materials and methods Healthy, full-term infants and toddlers aged 1–36 months were enrolled. In study 1, a lightly fragranced natural baby hair and body wash (n=30), a lightly fragranced natural baby shampoo (n=30), or a lightly fragranced natural baby lotion (n=32) were assessed over 2 weeks. In study 2, a lightly fragranced natural baby hair and body wash and a lightly fragranced natural baby lotion (n=33) were assessed as a regimen over 4 weeks. The wash and shampoo were used three or more times per week, but not more than once daily. Lotions were applied in the morning or after a bath. Clinicians assessed the arms, legs, torso, or scalp for erythema, dryness, peeling/flakiness (study 1 only), tactile roughness, edema (study 1 only), rash/irritation (study 2 only), and overall skin condition (study 2 only) at baseline, week 1, and weeks 2 or 4. Parents completed skin assessment questionnaires. In study 2, stratum corneum hydration was measured. Subjects were monitored for adverse events. Results No significant changes in clinical grading scores were observed, indicating that all products were well tolerated. By the end of each study, >90% of parents/caregivers believed each product was mild and gentle. In study 2, improvement in stratum corneum hydration was observed (+37% at week 1 and +48% at week 4, P<0.05 for both). In study 1, one baby experienced mild erythema on the neck and scalp after using the shampoo (possibly related to treatment). In study 2, there were no product-related adverse events. Conclusion The natural baby skin-care products were well tolerated by infants and toddlers when used alone or as part of a skin-care regimen. PMID:24523593

Coret, Catherine D; Suero, Michael B; Tierney, Neena K



What’s in a baby-cry? Locationist and constructionist frameworks in parental brain responses  

PubMed Central

Parental brain responses to baby stimuli constitute a unique model to study brain-basis frameworks of emotion. Results for baby-cry and picture stimuli may fit with both locationist and psychological constructionist hypotheses. Furthermore, the utility of either model may depend on postpartum timing and relationship. Endocrine effects may also be critical for accurate models to assess mental health risk and treatment. PMID:22617675

Swain, James E.; Ho, S. Shaun



Generalized smooth muscle hamartoma with multiple congenital anomalies without the "Michelin tire baby" phenotype.  


We report a patient with generalized smooth muscle hamartoma who presented with many of the variety of congenital anomalies that have been reported in babies with multiple symmetric circumferential rings of folded skin known as Michelin tire baby (MTB) syndrome, but our patient did not show the MTB phenotype. This constellation of findings in the absence of the MTB phenotype has not been previously reported. PMID:24383769

Janicke, Elise C; Nazareth, Michael R; Rothman, Ilene L



A Bed and Breakfast Design Accommodating the Traveling Preferences of the Retired Baby Boomers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addressed the traveling preferences possessed by the retired baby boomer generation. This demographic is looking for authenticity, historical richness, and comfort in a lodging space. Many retired baby boomers are also seeking accessible and sustainable lodging accommodations.\\u000aFor the purposes of this study, an existing architecturally significant house located in Apalachicola, Florida was selected to be renovated into

Mandy Pickett



A Prospective Cohort Study of Antipsychotic Medications in Pregnancy: The First 147 Pregnancies and 100 One Year Old Babies  

PubMed Central

Background Many women diagnosed with varying psychiatric disorders take antipsychotic medications during pregnancy. The safety of antipsychotic medications in pregnancy is largely unknown. Methods We established the National Register of Antipsychotic Medications in Pregnancy in 2005. Women who are pregnant and taking an antipsychotic medication are interviewed every 6 weeks during pregnancy and then followed until their babies are one year old. The baby's progress is closely followed for the first year of life. Findings As of April 18 2012, 147 pregnancies had been followed through to completion. There were 142 live births and data is available for 100 one year old babies. 18% of babies were born preterm, with a higher dose of antipsychotic medication correlating to an increased likelihood of premature delivery; 43% of babies required special care nursery or intensive care after birth; 37% had any degree of respiratory distress and 15% of babies developed withdrawal symptoms. Congenital anomalies were seen in eight babies. Most pregnancies resulted in the birth of live, healthy babies. The use of mood stabilisers or higher doses of antipsychotics during pregnancy increased the likelihood of babies experiencing respiratory distress or admission to Special Care Nursery or Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Conclusion There is a great need for safety and efficacy information about the use of antipsychotic medications in pregnancy. Live, healthy babies are the most common outcome following the use of antipsychotic medication in pregnancy, but clinicians should be particularly mindful of neonatal problems such as respiratory distress. PMID:24787688

Kulkarni, Jayashri; Worsley, Roisin; Gilbert, Heather; Gavrilidis, Emorfia; Van Rheenen, Tamsyn E.; Wang, Wei; McCauley, Kay; Fitzgerald, Paul



Major congenital anomalies in babies born with Down syndrome: A EUROCAT population-based registry study.  


Previous studies have shown that over 40% of babies with Down syndrome have a major cardiac anomaly and are more likely to have other major congenital anomalies. Since 2000, many countries in Europe have introduced national antenatal screening programs for Down syndrome. This study aimed to determine if the introduction of these screening programs and the subsequent termination of prenatally detected pregnancies were associated with any decline in the prevalence of additional anomalies in babies born with Down syndrome. The study sample consisted of 7,044 live births and fetal deaths with Down syndrome registered in 28 European population-based congenital anomaly registries covering seven million births during 2000-2010. Overall, 43.6% (95% CI: 42.4-44.7%) of births with Down syndrome had a cardiac anomaly and 15.0% (14.2-15.8%) had a non-cardiac anomaly. Female babies with Down syndrome were significantly more likely to have a cardiac anomaly compared to male babies (47.6% compared with 40.4%, P?babies with Down syndrome has remained constant, suggesting that population screening for Down syndrome and subsequent terminations has not influenced the prevalence of specific congenital anomalies in these babies. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25257471

Morris, Joan K; Garne, Ester; Wellesley, Diana; Addor, Marie-Claude; Arriola, Larraitz; Barisic, Ingeborg; Beres, Judit; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Budd, Judith; Dias, Carlos Matias; Gatt, Miriam; Klungsoyr, Kari; Khoshnood, Babak; Latos-Bielenska, Anna; Mullaney, Carmel; Nelen, Vera; Neville, Amanda J; O'Mahony, Mary; Queisser-Luft, Annette; Randrianaivo, Hanitra; Rankin, Judith; Rissmann, Anke; Rounding, Cath; Sipek, Antonin; Stoianova, Sylvia; Tucker, David; de Walle, Hermien; Yevtushok, Lyubov; Loane, Maria; Dolk, Helen



#6: No Separation of Mother and Baby with Unlimited Opportunity for Breastfeeding  

PubMed Central

In this position paper—one of six care practice papers published by Lamaze International and reprinted here with permission—the value of keeping mothers and their babies together from the moment of birth is discussed and presented as an evidenced-based practice that helps promote, protect, and support normal birth. The paper is written for childbearing women and their families. Babies held skin-to-skin with their mothers cry less often, breathe easier, and stay warmer than babies who are separated from their mothers. They also instinctively attach to the breast and begin breastfeeding, usually within one hour of birth. The advantages of rooming-in for mother and baby are also discussed. The accompanying commentary—written by two leading professionals in the field of maternity care and pediatrics—provides further evidence to support the practice of keeping mothers and their babies together after birth. Lamaze International encourages women to give birth in settings that do not separate mothers and babies after birth. PMID:17273387

Jeannette, Crenshaw; Klaus, Phyllis H.; Klaus, Marshall H.



Microbiota, immunoregulatory old friends and psychiatric disorders.  


Regulation of the immune system is an important function of the gut microbiota. Increasing evidence suggests that modern living conditions cause the gut microbiota to deviate from the form it took during human evolution. Contributing factors include loss of helminth infections, encountering less microbial biodiversity, and modulation of the microbiota composition by diet and antibiotic use. Thus the gut microbiota is a major mediator of the hygiene hypothesis (or as we prefer, "Old Friends" mechanism), which describes the role of organisms with which we co-evolved, and that needed to be tolerated, as crucial inducers of immunoregulation. At least partly as a consequence of reduced exposure to immunoregulatory Old Friends, many but not all of which resided in the gut, high-income countries are undergoing large increases in a wide range of chronic inflammatory disorders including allergies, autoimmunity and inflammatory bowel diseases. Depression, anxiety and reduced stress resilience are comorbid with these conditions, or can occur in individuals with persistently raised circulating levels of biomarkers of inflammation in the absence of clinically apparent peripheral inflammatory disease. Moreover poorly regulated inflammation during pregnancy might contribute to brain developmental abnormalities that underlie some cases of autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. In this chapter we explain how the gut microbiota drives immunoregulation, how faulty immunoregulation and inflammation predispose to psychiatric disease, and how psychological stress drives further inflammation via pathways that involve the gut and microbiota. We also outline how this two-way relationship between the brain and inflammation implicates the microbiota, Old Friends and immunoregulation in the control of stress resilience. PMID:24997041

Rook, Graham A W; Raison, Charles L; Lowry, Christopher A



Wakuzulu: Friends of the Colobus Trust  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Wakuzulu: Friends of the Colobus Trust is a not-for-profit organization based in Kenya dedicated to the "conservation, preservation, and protection of primates, in particular the Angolan Black and White Colobus monkey." Wakuzulu's extensive homepage features the latest updates on the Colobus population in the Diani area, as well as detailed information about the organization's projects and initiatives. First time visitors may wish to check out the section titled Diani's Primates, which offers an excellent introduction to Colobus monkeys and other species in the area.


7.RP Friends Meeting on Bikes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Taylor and Anya are friends who live 63 miles apart. Sometimes on a Saturday, they ride toward each other's houses on their bikes and meet in between. ...


Bayesian Auctions with Friends and Foes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study auctions whose bidders are embedded in a social or economic network. As a result, even bidders who do not win the auction themselves might derive utility from the auction, namely, when a friend wins. On the other hand, when an enemy or competitor wins, a bidder might derive negative utility. Such spite and altruism will alter the bidding strategies. A simple and natural model for bidders’ utilities in these settings posits that the utility of a losing bidder i as a result of bidder j winning is a constant (positive or negative) fraction of bidder j’s utility.

Chen, Po-An; Kempe, David


Bayesian Auctions with Friends and Foes  

E-print Network

We study auctions whose bidders are embedded in a social or economic network. As a result, even bidders who do not win the auction themselves might derive utility from the auction, namely, when a friend wins. On the other hand, when an enemy or competitor wins, a bidder might derive negative utility. Such spite and altruism will alter the bidding strategies. A simple and natural model for bidders' utilities in these settings posits that the utility of a losing bidder i as a result of bidder j winning is a constant (positive or negative) fraction of bidder j's utility.

Chen, Po-An



Retinotopic maps in the pulvinar of bush baby (Otolemur garnettii)  

PubMed Central

Despite its anatomical prominence, the function of primate pulvinar is poorly understood. A few electrophysiological studies in simian primates have investigated the functional organization of pulvinar by examining visuotopic maps. Multiple visuotopic maps have been found in all studied simians, with differences in organization reported between New and Old World simians. Given that prosimians are considered closer to the common ancestors of New and Old World primates, we investigated the visuotopic organization of pulvinar in the prosimian bush baby (Otolemur garnettii). Single electrode extracellular recording was used to find the retinotopic maps in the lateral (PL) and inferior (PI) pulvinar. Based on recordings across cases a 3D model of the map was constructed. From sections stained for Nissl bodies, myelin, acetylcholinesterase, calbindin or cytochrome oxidase, we identified three PI chemoarchitectonic subdivisions, lateral central (PIcl), medial central (PIcm) and medial (PIm) inferior pulvinar. Two major retinotopic maps were identified that cover PL and PIcl, the dorsal one in dorsal PL and the ventral one in PIcl and ventral PL. Both maps represent the central vision at the posterior end of the border between the maps, the upper visual field in the lateral half and the lower visual field in the medial half. They share many features with the maps reported in the pulvinar of simians, including location in pulvinar and the representation of the upper-lower and central-peripheral visual field axes. The second order representation in the lateral map and a laminar organization are likely features specific to Old World simians. PMID:23640865

Li, K.; Patel, J.; Purushothaman, G.; Marion, R.T.; Casagrande, V. A.



Baby Boomers in an Active Adult Retirement Community: Comity Interrupted  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This article explores a clash between incoming Baby Boomers and older residents in an active adult retirement community (AARC). We examine issues of social identity and attitudes as these groups encounter each other. Design and Methods: Data are drawn from a multiyear ethnographic study of social relations in senior housing. Research at this site included in-depth, open-ended interviews (47), field notes (25), and participant observation in the field (500 hr). Research team biweekly discussions and Atlas.ti software program facilitated analysis. Findings: We begin with a poignant incident that has continued to engender feelings of rejection by elders with each retelling and suggests the power and prevalence of ageism in this AARC. We identify three pervasive themes: (a) social identity and image matter, (b) significant cultural and attitudinal differences exist between Boomers and older residents, and (c) shared age matters less than shared interests. Implications: Our data clearly show the operation of ageism in this community and an equating of being old with being sick. The conflict between these two age cohorts suggests that cohort consciousness among Boomers carries elements of age denial, shared by the older old. It also challenges the Third Age concept as a generational phenomenon. PMID:22391870

Roth, Erin G.; Keimig, Lynn; Rubinstein, Robert L.; Morgan, Leslie; Eckert, J. Kevin; Goldman, Susan; Peeples, Amanda D.



Housing outcomes for hospitalized homeless veterans.  


This study examines housing status at the time of hospital discharge in a national sample of 3,502 veterans who were homeless at admission to a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical center. A supplemental survey on homelessness was added to the annual VHA inpatient census over a 4-year period (1995 through 1998). Data from this survey were used to identify homeless veterans hospitalized on the final day of the fiscal year and to document their housing status at discharge. A signal detection technique, Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis, was used to identify predictors of housing status at discharge. At discharge, only 13% of the veterans in our analytic sample were literally homeless, 40% were doubled up, and 33% were transferred to another an institution; only 13% were living independently. Housing status at admission (specifically, staying with friends or family temporarily rather than literally homeless), treatment in a psychiatric or substance abuse program rather than a medical program, and a greater income level or access to VHA benefits were found to be associated with better housing outcomes. As one might expect, homelessness was infrequently resolved during an acute inpatient hospitalization, but few veterans returned to literal homelessness at the time of discharge. PMID:16702725

Greenberg, Greg A; Hoblyn, Jennifer; Seibyl, Catherine; Rosenheck, Robert A



Organic Foods: Do Eco-Friendly Attitudes Predict Eco-Friendly Behaviors?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether student awareness and attitudes about organic foods would predict their behaviors with regard to organic food consumption and other healthy lifestyle practices. A secondary purpose was to determine whether attitudes about similar eco-friendly practices would result in socially conscious…

Dahm, Molly J.; Samonte, Aurelia V.; Shows, Amy R.



The effects of receiving a rape disclosure: college friends' stories.  


Research suggests that college women are at greater risk for rape and sexual assault than women in the general population or in a comparable age group. College women, away from home and family, may turn to friends for support. Friends may experience emotional reactions that affect their own functioning and may not feel they have anywhere to turn. In this study, we interviewed male and female college students who had received a rape disclosure from a friend. Their unique stories provide insight into the secondary effects of rape disclosure on friends. Implications of these findings for college campuses are discussed. PMID:23743351

Branch, Kathryn A; Richards, Tara N



Cold Friends of Hot Jupiters: NIRSPEC Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous surveys have shown that half of all stars occur in binary systems. Although most exoplanet surveys exclude systems with known binary companions, it is likely that many known planetary systems contain distant, low-mass stellar companions that went unnoticed in the initial survey selection. Such companions may have important effects on the formation and migration of planets (and especially hot Jupiters) around the primary star via three-body interactions such as Kozai-driven migration. The Cold Friends project uses three observing techniques to make a robust determination of the occurrence rate of exoplanets in binary systems: radial velocity monitoring, adaptive optics imaging (see presentation on the AO Survey by H. Ngo et al.), and near-infrared spectroscopy. In this presentation, we focus on the results of the spectroscopy portion of the Cold Friends project. Using NIRSPEC at Keck Observatory, we have obtained high-resolution spectra of roughly fifty exoplanet-hosting stars near 2.3 microns, where low-mass companions will show deep CO absorption features superimposed on the primary stellar spectrum. This method allows for the detection of binary companions located within 50 to 200 AU of the host star. At this location, such a binary companion could conceivably influence the formation and migration of exoplanets orbiting the main star. We describe our method for removing the signal due to the main-sequence FGK host stars and searching for the distinctive spectral features of a low-mass stellar companion.

Piskorz, Danielle; Knutson, H. A.; Muirhead, P. S.; Batygin, K.; Crepp, J. R.; Hinkley, S.; Howard, A. W.; Johnson, J. A.; Morton, T. D.



Perception of premature infants' mothers on home visits before and after hospital discharge.  


Objective. To understand the meaning of home visits by neonatal nurses for mothers of premature babies. Methodology. A qualitative study was conducted with 21 mothers of families participating in a project that supported families of premature infants, born at a university hospital in the city of Londrina, Brazil. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured individual interviews, using a form with the identification data of mothers and an interview script. Results. Three themes were revealed: the home visit as a support to the family, individualized home care, feeling cared for and supported in performing the baby's care. Conclusion. The home visit from the perspective of longitudinal care was a powerful resource that promoted the link between families and nurses, decreasing doubts, fears and anxieties of the mother. In addition, home care was provided and adherence to care and treatment was encouraged. PMID:25504405

Dos Santos, Luana Cristine; Balaminut, Talita; Deggau Hegeto de Souza, Sarah Nancy; Giovanini Rossetto, Edilaine



The Social Tunnel Versus the Python: A New Way to Understand the Impact of Baby Booms and Baby Busts on a Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that the "python analogy," often used to help students understand the negative societal impact of unusually small or large age cohorts, is better replaced by the social tunnel analogy, which is diagramed and illustrated with reference to the educational problems experienced in the United States as a result of the World War II baby boom.…

McFalls, Joseph A.; And Others



Organism-specific platelet response and factors affecting survival in thrombocytopenic very low birth weight babies with sepsis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To study organism-specific platelet response and factors affecting survival in thrombocytopenic very low birth weight (VLBW) babies with sepsis.Study Design:Very low birth weight babies (birth weight <1500 g) admitted to a single level-three intensive care unit from January 2000 to December 2005 were prospectively evaluated for sepsis by rapid screen test, blood counts and blood culture. In thrombocytopenic babies, organism-specific

M A Bhat; J I Bhat; M S Kawoosa; S M Ahmad; S W Ali



Allergens involved in occupational asthma caused by baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata).  


Although the floral industry deals with many potential allergens, few examples of occupational asthma exist in this industry. A 22-year-old florist experienced symptoms of rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and asthma on exposure to baby's breath. To determine the contribution of baby's breath to the patient's symptoms, an extract of baby's breath was prepared. Prick skin tests with a 1:10(-5) wt/vol concentration of the extract produced an immediate response, whereas nonexposed atopic and normal control subjects did not react. The patient's asthmatic response to baby's breath was confirmed by bronchial challenge that caused an immediate fall in FEV1 of 26.2% from baseline after inhalation of 88 breath units of the extract. With a direct RAST, the patient's serum bound 38 times the amount of IgE bound by the negative control. IgE binding in the RAST was inhibited by the baby's breath extract but not by unrelated inhibitors (ragweed and tree pollens). Immunoblotting demonstrated IgE binding to 13 protein bands in the extract with molecular weights ranging from 11.5 to 68 kd. Serum from a patient previously reported to have sensitivity to baby's breath recognized five protein bands. Three proteins with molecular weights of 27, 31, and 37 kd were recognized by both patients' sera. We conclude that this patient developed IgE-mediated sensitivity to multiple allergens in baby's breath. This study confirms the importance of this plant as a potential cause of occupational asthma in the floral industry. PMID:2384649

Schroeckenstein, D C; Meier-Davis, S; Yunginger, J W; Bush, R K



Growth and development of permanent teeth germ of transplacental Yu-Cheng babies in Taiwan  

SciTech Connect

This paper is intended to present a study of transplacental Yu-Cheng babies in Taiwan. The focus of the study is to demonstrate how a contaminated food source can affect the growth and development of permanent teeth germ in children. A sporadic outbreak of a peculiar skin disease was reported in Japan in October of 1968. An epidemiological study revealed the outbreak of this disease was caused by contaminated Kanemi rice oil. This episode of rice oil poisoned with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) was the first reported outbreak of PCB poisoning in the world. A second episode occurred in central Taiwan eleven years after the Japanese episode. Registered data from the Taiwan Provincial Government Health Department reported 1,843 cases in 1980. Of this group, more than 800 women were child-bearing age and most of these women would or soon would be married and pregnant. The offsprings of these women were in danger, because it has been proven that PCB intoxication could affect the fetus. These babies, only contaminated through the placenta, are called PCB transplacental Yusho babies in Japan and PCB transplacental Yu-Cheng babies in Taiwan. Babies with PCB poisoning could have Fetal PCB syndrome (FPS) and may have retarded eruption of permanent teeth and other anomalies such as reduced numbers of teeth and abnormal shaped roots. The study of transplacental Yu-Cheng babies is an important public health issue for Taiwan. Although there may be other issues, this study focuses only on the growth and development of permanent teeth of those babies affected by PCB transplacental contamination.

Lan, Shoujen; Yen, Yeayin; Ko, Yingchin; Chen, Engrin (School of Public Health of Kaohsiung Medical College, Kaohsiung City (Taiwan))



Study of Incidence and Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Anomalies in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Eastern India  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Congenital anomalies or malformations are anatomical. Structural or functional defects present at birth leads to physical and mental disabilities. With the advent of newer drugs, infectious diseases have taken the backseat and congenital defects have emerged as an important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In India, anomalies of musculoskeletal system have been most commonly reported. Aims and Objectives: With this in view, the present study was carried out to find the incidence and types of musculoskeletal defects in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Various maternal factors were also correlated and analyzed. The purpose of this communication is to report these defects so as to help doctors and parents to prevent unexpected fetal loss and better parental counseling. Materials and Methods: This study was done in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in association with Department of Paediatrics of a tertiary care hospital in Odisha from for a period of 1 year. The newborns were examined within 1st three days of delivery for congenital malformations. The study group included all live borns along with still borns after 28 weeks of gestation or those dead babies whose weight was about 1kg. A thorough physical examination from head to toe was done to look for musculoskeletal defects within 24hrs of delivery. Observation and Results: Out of total 7268 babies delivered, 116 babies were found to have anomalies. Thirty two of these had musculoskeletal defects. Talipes equinovarus was the commonest anomaly observed followed by polydactyly. The ratio of male babies with musculoskeletal defects to female babies was found to be 1.28:1.The malformed babies were mainly born to term mothers (77.6%), who were mostly unbooked (62.5%) and belonged to lower or middle class. But no significant relationship could be established between these factors and defects. Most mothers were in the age group of 20-35 years and there was no history of drug addiction, smoking, trauma or irradiation that could be related to the occurrence of congenital malformations. Conclusion: It is concluded that better maternal care and improved standards of living have very little effect on the overall frequency of congenital malformations. For the better future of neonates an early recognition of correctable lesions is essential, which calls for a systematic approach to the study of musculoskeletal defects. PMID:24995167

Mohanty, Biswa Bhusan; Sarangi, Rachita; Kumar, Sanjay; Mahapatra, Susanta Kumar; Chinara, Prafulla Kumar



Water-Friendly Virtual Reality Pain Control During Wound Care  

E-print Network

Water-Friendly Virtual Reality Pain Control During Wound Care Hunter G. Hoffman, David R. Patterson-friendly virtual reality (VR) technology with a burn patient undergoing wound care in a hydrotherapy tub ratings and decreased the amount of time spent thinking about his pain during wound care. We believe

Washington at Seattle, University of


The Minnesota Family, Friend and Neighbor Grant Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Minnesota became the first state in the nation to pass legislation establishing an education and support program for family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) care providers. This article describes the Minnesota Family, Friend and Neighbor Grant Program and findings from an evaluation of the programs and a curriculum scan of materials used in…

Susman-Stillman, Amy; Stout, Karen; Cleveland, Jennifer; Hawley, Vicki



Academic Achievement and Its Impact on Friend Dynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic achievement in adolescence is a key determinant of future educational and occupational success. Friends play an important role in the educational process. They provide support and resources and can both encourage and discourage academic achievement. As a result, the friends adolescents make may help to maintain and exacerbate inequality…

Flashman, Jennifer



More False Friends. Tuckische Fallen des deutsch-englishen Wortschatzes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second guide to "false friends," or false cognates, in German and English lists and discusses more difficult terms than the first guide. An introductory section defines false friends and discusses different types, and provides a set of symbols for distinguishing them. The first major section lists, alphabetically in German, and contains notes…

Breitkreuz, Hartmut


Hospitals are dangerous places.  


Hospital fire dangers are real, widespread, and ever present, the article demonstrates, spelling out the locations, conditions, and ignition potentials which exist in such a setting. Knowledge of codes and standards, good maintenance practices, and frequent drills in fire prevention and suppression are among the practices recommended for keeping a hospital fire from becoming a disaster, the author says. PMID:20873506

de Richemond, Albert L



Hospitality Services Reference Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference book provides information needed by employees in hospitality services occupations. It includes 29 chapters that cover the following topics: the hospitality services industry; professional ethics; organization and management structures; safety practices and emergency procedures; technology; property maintenance and repair; purchasing…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.



PubMed Central

This review traces the history of the mental hospital movement, initially on the world stage, and later in India, in relation to advances in psychiatric care. Mental hospitals have played a significant role in the evolution of psychiatry to its present status The earliest hospital in India were established during the British colonial rule. They served as a means to isolate mentally ill persons from the societal mainstream and provide treatments that were in vogue at the time. Following India's independence, there has been a trend towards establishing general hospital psychiatry units and deinstitutionalization, while at the same time improving conditions in the existing mental hospitals. Since 1947, a series of workshops of superintendents was conducted to review the prevailing situations in mental hospitals and to propose recommendations to improve the same. Implementation of the Mental Health Act, 1987, and grovernmental focus upon mental hospital reform have paved way for a more specific and futuristic role for mental hospitals in planning psychiatric services for the new millenium, especially for severe mental illnesses. PMID:21407925

Krishnamurthy, K.; Venugopal, D.; Alimchandani, A.K.



Hospitality Services. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which was developed as part of Texas' home economics education program, is intended to assist teachers of a hospitality services course focusing on the food and lodging segments of the hospitality and tourism industry. The first 40% of the approximately 600-page guide consists of strategies for teaching each of 29 essential…

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.


Handbook on Hospital Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for both hospital personnel interested in television and audiovisual personnel entering the medical field, this handbook is a verbal and pictorial survey of what is being done with TV within the medical profession. After an introduction which answers technical questions about medical TV posed during the American Hospital Association's…

Prynne, T. A.


Hospitality Occupations. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on the hospitality occupations was developed to help secondary and postsecondary home economics teachers prepare individuals for entry-level jobs in the hospitality industry. The content is in seven sections. The first section presents organizational charts of a medium-size hotel, food and beverage division, housekeeping and…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Homemaking Education.


Children's Hospital Los Angeles

The Pediatric Psychology Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) consists of outpatient and inpatient hospital-based services that provide therapeutic support and intervention to children and families. The pediatric psychology postdoctoral fellows will participate in varied clinical activities with child and adolescent patients and their families.


[Fostering a breastfeeding-friendly workplace].  


Creating supportive environments that encourage mothers to breastfeed their children has emerged in recent years as a key health issue for women and children. Taiwan has a large and still growing number of new mothers in the workplace. Early postpartum return to work and inconvenient workplace conditions often discourage women from breastfeeding or cause early discontinuation. This study describes the current status of worksite breastfeeding-friendly policies in Taiwan and selected other countries and assesses the effects of work-related factors on working mother breastfeeding behavior. Although maternity leave has been positively correlated with breastfeeding duration, maternity leave in Taiwan remains significantly shorter than in other countries. Flexible working conditions, the provision of lactation rooms, and support from colleagues are critical components of promoting breastfeeding in the workplace. PMID:23386521

Chen, Yi-Chun; Kuo, Shu-Chen



Baby schema in human and animal faces induces cuteness perception and gaze allocation in children  

PubMed Central

The baby schema concept was originally proposed as a set of infantile traits with high appeal for humans, subsequently shown to elicit caretaking behavior and to affect cuteness perception and attentional processes. However, it is unclear whether the response to the baby schema may be extended to the human-animal bond context. Moreover, questions remain as to whether the cute response is constant and persistent or whether it changes with development. In the present study we parametrically manipulated the baby schema in images of humans, dogs, and cats. We analyzed responses of 3–6 year-old children, using both explicit (i.e., cuteness ratings) and implicit (i.e., eye gaze patterns) measures. By means of eye-tracking, we assessed children’s preferential attention to images varying only for the degree of baby schema and explored participants’ fixation patterns during a cuteness task. For comparative purposes, cuteness ratings were also obtained in a sample of adults. Overall our results show that the response to an infantile facial configuration emerges early during development. In children, the baby schema affects both cuteness perception and gaze allocation to infantile stimuli and to specific facial features, an effect not simply limited to human faces. In line with previous research, results confirm human positive appraisal toward animals and inform both educational and therapeutic interventions involving pets, helping to minimize risk factors (e.g., dog bites). PMID:24847305

Borgi, Marta; Cogliati-Dezza, Irene; Brelsford, Victoria; Meints, Kerstin; Cirulli, Francesca



Microbial ‘Old Friends’, immunoregulation and stress resilience  

PubMed Central

Chronic inflammatory diseases (autoimmunity, allergy and inflammatory bowel diseases) are increasing in prevalence in urban communities in high-income countries. One important factor is reduced exposure to immunoregulation-inducing macro- and microorganisms and microbiota that accompanied mammalian evolution (the hygiene hypothesis or ‘Old Friends’ mechanism). Reduced exposure to these organisms predisposes to poor regulation of inflammation. But inflammation is equally relevant to psychiatric disorders. Inflammatory mediators modulate brain development, cognition and mood, and accompany low socioeconomic status and some cases of depression in developed countries. The risk of all these conditions (chronic inflammatory and psychiatric) is increased in urban versus rural communities, and increased in immigrants, particularly if they move from a low- to a high-income country during infancy, and often the prevalence increases further in second generation immigrants, suggesting that critical exposures modulating disease risk occur during pregnancy and infancy. Diminished exposure to immunoregulation-inducing Old Friends in the perinatal period may enhance the consequences of psychosocial stressors, which induce increased levels of inflammatory mediators, modulate the microbiota and increase the risk for developing all known psychiatric conditions. In later life, the detrimental effects of psychosocial stressors may be exaggerated when the stress occurs against a background of reduced immunoregulation, so that more inflammation (and therefore more psychiatric symptoms) result from any given level of psychosocial stress. This interaction between immunoregulatory deficits and psychosocial stressors may lead to reduced stress resilience in modern urban communities. This concept suggests novel interpretations of recent epidemiology, and novel approaches to the increasing burden of psychiatric disease. PMID:24481186

Rook, Graham A. W.; Lowry, Christopher A.; Raison, Charles L.



Estimation of Fluoride Intake From Milk-Based Infant Formulas and Baby Foods.  


The aim of this study was to examine the amount of fluoride ingested from infant formula and baby food in infants aged up to 6 months in South Korea. The fluoride content of 20 commercially available formulas and 8 baby food samples from 4 different brands was measured using a modified microdiffusion method and fluoride ion selective electrode. The amount of fluoride (F) ingested by infants was estimated assuming that the samples were reconstituted with water containing 0, 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0 ppm F. When the reconstituted formulas and baby foods contained 0.8 ppm F water, the infants were estimated to ingest fluoride in the range of 0.018 to 0.298 mg/kg/day. The findings of this study suggest that there is a need for clear guidelines for fluoride consumption by infants that should be followed by manufacturers and parents. PMID:23467627

Noh, Hie Jin; Sohn, Woosung; Kim, Baek Il; Kwon, Ho Keun; Choi, Choong Ho; Kim, Hae-Young



Disposable baby diaper--a threat to the health and environment.  


There is no doubt that disposable diapers are wonderfully convenient but are they safe for the babies? It is clear that there are also a number of potential dangers. Most of the parents are not aware of the adverse effects of this product being in contact with baby's reproductive organs 24 hours a day more than two years and the long-term effects it causes to the surroundings. Disposable diapers have been implicated by diapering proponents like leak proof polymers, super absorbent polymers and some scented chemicals which are the key factors for everything from chronic diaper rash, respiratory problems like asthma, male infertility even to testicular cancer. This article gives the detailed review of the health and other related problems in using the disposable baby diapers like cancer, liver damage, skin diseases, male infertility, birth abnormalities, respiratory problems, land fills, environmental pollution, toxic chemicals used etc. PMID:24749209

Umachitra, G; Bhaarathidhurai



Multi-parametric heart rate analysis in premature babies exposed to sudden infant death syndrome.  


Severe premature babies present a risk profile higher than the normal population. Reasons are related to the incomplete development of physiological systems that support baby's life. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) analysis can help the identification of distress conditions as it is sensitive to Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) behavior. This paper presents results obtained in 35 babies with severe prematurity, in quiet and active sleep and in prone and supine position. HRV was analyzed in time and frequency domain and with nonlinear parameters. The novelty of this approach lies in the combined use of parameters generally adopted in fetal monitoring and "adult" indices. Results show that most parameters succeed in classifying different experimental conditions. This is very promising as our final objective is to identify a set of parameters that could be the basis for a risk classifier to improve the care path of premature population. PMID:25571458

Lucchini, Maristella; Signorini, Maria G; Fifer, William P; Sahni, Rakhesh



Radiation Protection Guidance Hospital Staff  

E-print Network

Children's Hospital and Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System requires each individual user Hospital and Clinics, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital And Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System December 2010 Last revision August 23, 2012

Kay, Mark A.


When a virus is a wasp's best friend  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Caterpillars taste good -- if you're a growing wasp. New research shows how some mother wasps ensure that their babies get to feast on as many caterpillar meals as they like, with the help of a virus that interferes with the caterpillars' immune system and growth, making it easier for the wasp larvae to take over.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS; )



Parents' knowledge and behaviour concerning sunning their babies; a cross-sectional, descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Background For centuries, sunlight has been used for therapeutic purposes. Parents still sun their infants to treat neonatal jaundice, nappy rash or mostly to supply vitamin D for bone development as a consequence of health beliefs. In this study we aimed to assess knowledge and behaviour of parents about benefits of sunlight and sun protection. Methods In this study, parents attending to governmental primary healthcare units for their children's routine vaccinations, upon their informed consent, were consecutively enrolled during one month. Data were collected by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results The mean age of 118 enrolled parents and their babies were 27.9 ± 6.5 years and 8.3 ± 5.8 months, respectively. Most of the participants were mothers (93.2%), housewives (81.4%) with an educational level of ?6 years (71.2%). Sunlight was considered beneficial for bone development (86.4%), diaper rash (5.9%) and neonatal jaundice (12.7%). In case of neonatal jaundice 72.0% of the participants reported that they would consult a physician. Most of the participants (82.2%) were sunning their babies outdoors. Nearly half (49.7%) of them got this information from medical staff. Fifty two percent of the parents were sunning their babies before 10–11 a.m. and/or after 3 p.m. Only 13.6% of parents reported using sunscreen for their babies, and the majority of them were using sun protecting factor ? 15. One forth of the sunscreen users was using sunscreen according to their physicians' advice. Conclusion Most of the participants were aware of the benefits of sunlight; especially for bone development. However they were displaying inappropriate behaviour while sunning their babies for health reasons. More education should be given to parents about the danger of sunlight at primary health care units while advising to sun their babies, if any. PMID:17076884

Aladag, Nihal; Filiz, Tuncay M; Topsever, Pinar; Gorpelioglu, Suleyman



Early neonatal mortality: Effects of interventions on survival of low birth babies weighing 1000-2000g  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In order to improve our newborn care, we instituted several changes along with training of medical and nursing staff and compared survival rates in babies < 2000g before and after these changes. We also meas- ured Perinatal Mortality Rate (PMR) and Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) in general, percentage of Low Birth Weight (LBW) babies and causes of early neonatal

Perveen Mufti; Faridon Setna; Kausar Nazir


What do baby diapers and cleaning up oil spills have in common? Dr. Abigail Richards, Chemical & Biological Engineering  

E-print Network

What do baby diapers and cleaning up oil spills have in common? Dr. Abigail Richards, Chemical of both a liquid and a solid Knows someone with a sibling or pet named Polly Knows what baby diapers:// The story of Silly Putty

Dyer, Bill


Out of the Closet and into the Trenches: Gay Male Baby Boomers, Aging, and HIV/AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regardless of HIV status, all gay male Baby Boomers are aging in a context strongly shaped by HIV/AIDS. For this subcohort within the Baby Boom generation, the disproportionately high volume of AIDS deaths among gay men aged 25-44 years at the epidemic's peak (1987-1996) created a cohort effect, decimating their social networks and shaping their…

Rosenfeld, Dana; Bartlam, Bernadette; Smith, Ruth D.



Fatty acid composition of plasma and red cell phospholipids of preterm babies fed on breast milk and formulae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fatty acids of plasma and red cells of preterm babies, gestational age 28–33 weeks, weighing less than 2200 g were studied between birth and the expected date of delivery (EDD). Babies were fed either mothers' breast milk, or if they were unable, or chose not to breastfeed, randomly assigned to milk formula A or B. Milk B had 26% oleic

K. Ghebremeskel; M. Leighfield; A. Leaf; K. Costeloe; M. Crawford



High-frequency ventilation and conventional mechanical ventilation in newborn babies with respiratory distress syndrome: A prospective, randomized trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Morbidity and mortality remain high amongst babies ventilated for a respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Whether newly developed ventilators allowing high frequency ventilation such as high frequen- cy flow interrupted ventilation (HFFIV) could decrease the morbidity and the mortality was investigated in a ran- domized study. Design: Preterm babies weighing < 1800 g suffering from RDS and ventilated by conventional

A. Pardou; D. Vermeylen; M. F. Muller; D. Detemmerman



Hospital Waste Management in Nonteaching Hospitals of Lucknow City, India  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess hospital waste management in nonteaching hospitals of Lucknow city. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted on the staffs of nonteaching hospitals of Lucknow from September 2012 to March 2013. A total of eight hospitals were chosen as the study sample size. Simple random sampling technique was used for the selection of the nonteaching hospitals. A pre-structured and pre-tested interview questionnaire was used to collect necessary information regarding the hospitals and biomedical waste (BMW) management of the hospitals. The general information about the selected hospitals/employees of the hospitals was collected. Results: Mean hospital waste generated in the eight nonteaching hospitals of Lucknow was 0.56 kg/bed/day. About 50.5% of the hospitals did not have BMW department and colored dustbins. In 37.5% of the hospitals, there were no BMW records and segregation at source. Incinerator was used only by hospital A for treatment of BMW. Hospital G and hospital H had no facilities for BMW treatment. Conclusion: There is a need for appropriate training of staffs, strict implementation of rules, and continuous surveillance of the hospitals of Lucknow to improve the BMW management and handling practices. PMID:25657950

Manar, Manish Kumar; Sahu, Krishna Kumar; Singh, Shivendra Kumar



Gratitude for help among adult friends and siblings.  


Although gratitude is a key prosocial emotion reinforcing reciprocal altruism, it has been largely ignored in the empirical literature. We examined feelings of gratitude and the importance of reciprocity in same-sex peer relations. Participants were 772 individuals (189 men; mean age = 28.80) who completed an online survey using a vignette design. We investigated (i) differences in reported gratitude and the importance of reciprocity among same-sex siblings and same-sex friends, and (ii) how relationship closeness moderates these associations. Based on the theory of kin altruism, we expect that people would feel more grateful towards friends than towards their siblings, and that lack of gratitude or failure to pay back a loan would bother more with friends than with siblings, irrespective of emotional closeness. Results showed that levels of gratitude and expectations of reciprocity were higher towards friends compared to siblings. This was the case also after controlling for emotional closeness. Being close generally made participants feel more grateful and expect lower displays of gratitude in the other. Closeness was also strongly associated with emotional gratitude among siblings compared to friends. We conclude that feelings and displays of gratitude have a special role in friendships. Although a close sibling may elicit as much gratitude as a friend does, even a very close friend is not exempt from the logic of reciprocity in the same way that a sibling is. PMID:25300047

Rotkirch, Anna; Lyons, Minna; David-Barrett, Tamas; Jokela, Markus



Cold Friends of Hot Jupiters: AO Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

“Hot Jupiters” are a class of gas giant planets found in extrasolar systems at very small orbital distances (?0.05 AU). We know that these planets could not have formed at their present locations, but must instead have migrated in from beyond the ice line. One class of proposed migration mechanisms for these planets involve gravitational perturbations from a distant stellar companion. These same processes also provide a natural explanation for the existence of a subset of hot Jupiters that have been observed to have orbits that are highly misaligned with respect to their star's spin axis and/or have large orbital eccentricities. In the "Cold Friends" survey, we search for stellar companions around 51 stars known to host hot Jupiters in order to determine whether stellar companions play an important role in hot Jupiter migration. Our survey consists of a population of stars with planets that have eccentric and/or misaligned orbits as well as a control population of planets with well-aligned and circular orbits. This project searches for companion stars (the "Cold Friends") in three detection modes: radial velocity monitoring, high resolution IR spectroscopy (presented by D. Piskorz et al. at this meeting), and adaptive optics (AO) imaging at infrared wavelengths (presented here). The AO mode is sensitive to the most distant companions (separations of 50-200 AU and beyond) while the other modes are effective at finding companions at smaller separations. We present the results of our AO survey and discuss the binary fraction found in our sample. Out of our total sample of 51 stars, 19 candidate companions (many of which have not been observed before) were directly imaged around 17 stars. We also describe follow-up photometry and astrometry of all detected companions to determine whether or not they are gravitationally bound to the primary planet-hosting star. If such companions are common, it would suggest that perturbations from stellar companions may play a significant role in the evolution of hot Jupiter systems.

Ngo, Henry; Knutson, H. A.; Hinkley, S.; Crepp, J. R.; Batygin, K.; Howard, A. W.; Johnson, J. A.; Morton, T. D.; Muirhead, P. S.



Mrs. Chandrasekhar addresses the media in TRW Media Hospitality Tent  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mrs. Lalitha Chandrasekhar (right), wife of the late Indian- American Nobel Laureate Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, addresses the media and other invited guests in the TRW Media Hospitality Tent at the NASA Press Site at KSC as Dr. Alan Bunner, Science Program Director, Structure and Evolution of the Universe, Office of Space Science, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C., looks on. The name 'Chandra,' a shortened version of her husband's name which he preferred among friends and colleagues, was chosen in a contest to rename the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility. 'Chandra' also means 'Moon' or 'luminous' in Sanskrit. The observatory is scheduled to be launched aboard Columbia on Space Shuttle mission STS-93.



The Greater St. Louis LGBT Health and Human Services Needs Assessment: an examination of the Silent and Baby Boom generations.  


This study sought to understand differences and similarities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Baby Boomers and members of the Silent generation in the greater St. Louis region in relation to perceived barriers to service use, LGBT identity disclosure, experiences of violence and victimization, and mental health. An online survey was completed by 118 Baby Boomers and 33 Silents. Baby Boomers were found to perceive more barriers to health care and legal services, have fewer legal documents in place, feel less safe in their communities, and have experienced an increased rate of verbal harassment compared to their predecessors. Differences may be attributed to higher levels of LGBT identity disclosure among Baby Boomers across their lifetime. These findings support the current work of Services and Advocacy for GLBT Elders Metro St. Louis, with implications for other communities, and shed light on the need for continued advancement in the development and implementation of programs as LGBT Baby Boomers age. PMID:24313255

Jenkins Morales, Meghan; King, M Denise; Hiler, Hattie; Coopwood, Martin S; Wayland, Sherrill



Hospital free cash flow.  


Hospital managers may find it difficult to admit their investments have been suboptimal, but such investments often lead to poor returns and less future cash. Inappropriate use of free cash flow produces large transaction costs of exit. The relative efficiency of investor-owned and tax-exempt hospitals in the product market for hospital services is examined as the free cash flow theory is used to explore capital-market conditions of hospitals. Hypotheses concerning the current competitive conditions in the industry are set forth, and the implications of free cash flow for risk, capital-market efficiency, and the cost of capital to tax-exempt institution is compared to capital-market norms. PMID:1743965

Kauer, R T; Silvers, J B



Going to the Hospital  


... specialists can help explain something a doctor or nurse will do, like place an IV or take someone to the operating ... will probably have some tests while you're in the hospital — not the kind you take in ...


American Hospital Directory  


... Sources | Updates | Order Information | Login Quick Search: Quick Search Enter keywords to look up a hospital. Just ... or National Provider Identifier (NPI). Advanced Search: Advanced Search Click the Search button and you will be ...


Surgery, Hospitals, and Medications  


... products that are not commonly stocked in hospital pharmacies. Examples include: Salagen ® , Evoxac®, and Restasis® Eye drops, ... prescription and OTC medications/products in their labeled pharmacy container or packaging. This is important in case ...


Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitalizations,  

E-print Network

Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitalizations, and Emergency Department Visits in Kentucky, 2000 - 2012 #12; Kentucky Injury Preven on and Research Center Drug Overdose Deaths, Hospitaliza ons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Drug overdose deaths, 20002012

MacAdam, Keith


Cornell Hospitality Quarterly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Cornell University Center for Hospitality Research and managed by Sage Publications, this e-journal provides âÂÂapplied research theories about important industry trends and timely topics in lodging, restaurant, and tourism management.â Though most articles are only available through a paid subscription, each quarter editors select a featured article, all of which are available on this site after a brief, free registration. Article topics include wine selection, revenue management, customer satisfaction measurement, hotel pricing, and computer simulation in hospitality education. This is an excellent resource for soon-to-be hospitality managers and administrators as well as for educators to keep informed of current trends in hospitality education.



Reducing Avoidable Hospitalizations  

E-print Network

of cooperation with members of the interdisciplinary team including medical doctors, nurses, social work staff hospitalizations require the collaboration of the entire interdisciplinary team, as well as providing education

von der Heydt, Rüdiger


[Ryazan hospital--80 years].  


In December 2011 marked 80 years of the founding of the Ryazan garrison hospital, originally housed in two buildings: "Redut housed"--a monument of architecture of the XVIII century and the former almshouses room "for the maimed in the war", was built in 1884 now Ryazan garrison hospital (from 2010--Branch No 6 FSI "in 1586 the district military hospital in the Western Military District", the Defense Ministry of Russia)--a multi-field medical preventive institution on the basis of which soldiers, military retirees, family members and military retirees from Ryazan, Moscow, Tambov regions are treated. Every year more than 7 thousand patients get treatment here. During the counterterrorism operations in Chechnya over 800 wounded were brought to the hospital from the battle area. PMID:22558855

Klimov, A S; Gromov, M F



American Hospital Association  


... 2014-2016 AHA Strategic Plan History Organization AHA Awards Careers Get to Know the Web Site Membership Become a Member Hospital & Health System Membership Associate Membership Personal Membership Groups Member Constituency ...


Christiana Hospital, Newark, Delaware

Christiana Hospital, Newark, Delaware Helen F. Graham Cancer Center at Christiana Care 4755 Ogletown-Stanton Rd. Newark, DE 19718 (302) 733-1000 • Robert Laskowski, MD, President and CEO, Christiana


Fast tracking hospital construction.  


Hospital leaders should consider four factors in determining whether to fast track a hospital construction project: Expectations of project length, quality, and cost. Whether decisions can be made quickly as issues arise. Their own time commitment to the project, as well as that of architects, engineers, construction managers, and others. The extent to which they are willing to share with the design and construction teams how and why decisions are being made. PMID:23513759

Quirk, Andrew



Reducing hospital readmissions.  


This column is designed to provide a nursing perspective on new hospital quality measurements. Future articles will cover the various quality indicators hospitals face and the role of the nurse in meeting mandated benchmarks. Reader responses to this column are welcome and will help to make it more useful to nurses in meeting the challenges posed by health care reform and changing Medicare reimbursement programs. PMID:25545534

Brooks, Jo Ann




PubMed Central

Aim: The aim of the adoption process of the “Quality of hospital care for mothers and newborns babies, assessment tool” (WHO, 2009) was to provide the Albanian health professionals of maternity hospitals with a tool that may help them assess the quality of perinatal care and identify key areas of pregnancy, childbirth and newborn care that need to be improved. Methods: Four maternity hospitals (one university hospital and three regional hospitals) were selected for the assessment using this standard tool covering over 600 items grouped into 13 areas ranging from supportive services to case management. Sources of information consisted of site visits, hospital statistics, medical records, observation of cases and interviews with staff and patients. A score was assigned to each item (range 0-3) and area of care. The assessments were carried out in two rounds: in 2009 and in 2011. These assessments provided semi-quantitative data on the quality of hospital care for mothers and newborns. Results: Data collected on the first round established a baseline assessment, whereas the second round monitored the subsequent changes. The findings of the second round revealed improvements encountered in all maternities, notwithstanding differences in the levels of improvement between maternities, not necessarily linked with extra financial inputs. Conclusions: The Albanian experience indicates a successful process of the adoption of the WHO tool on the quality of hospital care for mothers and newborn babies. The adopted tool can be used country-wide as a component of a quality improvement strategy in perinatal health care in Albania. PMID:23378688

Mersini, Ehadu; Novi, Silvana; Tushe, Eduard; Gjoni, Maksim; Burazeri, Genc



The schistosoma granuloma: friend or foe?  


Infection of man with Schistosoma species of trematode parasite causes marked chronic morbidity. Individuals that become infected with Schistosomes may develop a spectrum of pathology ranging from mild cercarial dermatitis to severe tissue inflammation, in particular within the liver and intestines, which can lead to life threatening hepatosplenomegaly. It is well established that the etiopathology during schistosomiasis is primarily due to an excessive or unregulated inflammatory response to the parasite, in particular to eggs that become trapped in various tissue. The eggs forms the foci of a classical type 2 granulomatous inflammation, characterized by an eosinophil-rich, CD4(+) T helper (Th) 2 cell dominated infiltrate with additional infiltration of alternatively activated macrophages (M2). Indeed the sequela of the type 2 perioval granuloma is marked fibroblast infiltration and development of fibrosis. Paradoxically, while the granuloma is the cause of pathology it also can afford some protection, whereby the granuloma minimizes collateral tissue damage in the liver and intestines. Furthermore, the parasite is exquisitely reliant on the host to mount a granulomatous reaction to the eggs as this inflammatory response facilitates the successful excretion of the eggs from the host. In this focused review we will address the conundrum of the S. mansoni granuloma acting as both friend and foe in inflammation during infection. PMID:23596444

Hams, Emily; Aviello, Gabriella; Fallon, Padraic G



Ants recognize foes and not friends  

PubMed Central

Discriminating among individuals and rejecting non-group members is essential for the evolution and stability of animal societies. Ants are good models for studying recognition mechanisms, because they are typically very efficient in discriminating ‘friends’ (nest-mates) from ‘foes’ (non-nest-mates). Recognition in ants involves multicomponent cues encoded in cuticular hydrocarbon profiles. Here, we tested whether workers of the carpenter ant Camponotus herculeanus use the presence and/or absence of cuticular hydrocarbons to discriminate between nest-mates and non-nest-mates. We supplemented the cuticular profile with synthetic hydrocarbons mixed to liquid food and then assessed behavioural responses using two different bioassays. Our results show that (i) the presence, but not the absence, of an additional hydrocarbon elicited aggression and that (ii) among the three classes of hydrocarbons tested (unbranched, mono-methylated and dimethylated alkanes; for mono-methylated alkanes, we present a new synthetic pathway), only the dimethylated alkane was effective in eliciting aggression. Our results suggest that carpenter ants use a fundamentally different mechanism for nest-mate recognition than previously thought. They do not specifically recognize nest-mates, but rather recognize and reject non-nest-mates bearing odour cues that are novel to their own colony cuticular hydrocarbon profile. This begs for a reappraisal of the mechanisms underlying recognition systems in social insects. PMID:19364750

Guerrieri, Fernando J.; Nehring, Volker; Jørgensen, Charlotte G.; Nielsen, John; Galizia, C. Giovanni; d'Ettorre, Patrizia



Maria Sklodowska-Curie - scientist, friend, manager  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Great names in science represent an inexhaustible source and richness of inspiration, satisfaction and consolation, a moving and victorious force. Throughout her exemplifying life, Maria Sklodowska remained modest but with a keen sense of humor, of an outstanding style, a mine of knowledge and experience, of innovative ideas and a rich inner life. Full of love, of passion to give and to share, of natural optimism, mixed with a light melancholy, so typical for sages. She vehemently defended the love of scientific research, of the spirit of adventure and entrepreneurship and fought for international culture, for the protection of personality and talent. Maria Sklodowska left her passion to science, her dedication to work including education and training of young people, her passionate adherence to her family, her belief in her friends, her pure and profound humanity and warmth! The paper should be a homage to her, an appreciation of her work over the years, but not less a correspondence, a conversation with her! On the other hand, the present solemn occasion resuscitates the personalities of Maria and Pierre Curie and their work, in particular of Maria Sklodowska in her own native land! In this manner, it truly contributes to her immortality!

Slavchev, A.



The ``Perceptual Wedge Hypothesis'' as the basis for bilingual babies' phonetic processing advantage: New insights from fNIRS brain imaging  

E-print Network

­6 months, older 10­12 months), using fNIRS in a new event-related design, as babies processed linguisticThe ``Perceptual Wedge Hypothesis'' as the basis for bilingual babies' phonetic processing bilinguals, we explored the brains of bilingual and monolin- gual babies across two age groups (younger 4


A New Scale for Evaluating the Risks for In-Hospital Falls of Newborn Infants: A Failure Modes and Effects Analysis Study  

PubMed Central

We aimed to develop a new scale for evaluating risks and preventive measures for in-hospital falls of newborn infants, from admission to discharge of the expectant mother. Our study was prepared in accordance with Failure Modes and Effects Analysis criteria. The risks and preventive measures for in-hospital falls of newborns were determined. Risk Priority Numbers (RPNs) were determined by multiplication of the scores of severity, probability of occurrence, and probability of detection. Analyses showed that risks having the highest RPNs were the mother with epidural anesthesia (RPN: 350 point), holding of the baby at the moment of delivery (RPN: 240), and transportation of baby right after delivery (RPN: 240). A reduction was detected in all RPNs after the application of preventive measures. Our risk model can function as a guide for obstetric clinics that need to form strategies to prevent newborn falls. PMID:20936144

Abike, Faruk; Tiras, Sinan; Dünder, ?lkkan; Bahtiyar, Ayfer; Akturk Uzun, Ozlem; Demircan, Ozlusen



Development and Evaluation of a Novel Traffic Friendly Commuter Vehicle  

E-print Network

Development and Evaluation of a Novel Traffic Friendly Commuter Vehicle Rajesh Rajamani Department What solutions do researchers in the automotive industry and researchers in the vehicle dynamics lanes - Vehicles will travel together in closely- packed "platoons". Dedicated to automated vehicles

Minnesota, University of



EPA Science Inventory

This natural organic retention project proposes using lignin from emerging biorefineries to allow borates to be used as wood preservatives for exterior applications exposed to rain. Enhancing the retention of environmentally friendly borates has been the “holy grail...


Good Friends, Bad News Affect and Virality in Twitter  

E-print Network

. To test the hypothesis we analyze three corpora: A complete sample of tweets about the COP15 climate on the findings of Berger and Milkman (2010), in short 'if you want to be cited: Sweet talk your friends or serve


Baby Think It Over: Using Role-Play To Prevent Teen Pregnancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the effectiveness of Baby Think It Over (BTIO), an infant simulation program that seeks to modify attitudes toward teen pregnancy and teen parenting. After experiencing BTIO, teens in the intervention group were more likely to accurately access their personal risk for an unplanned pregnancy than were teens in the comparison group. (Author)

Out, Jennifer W.; Lafreniere, Kathryn D.



Effect of Inclusion of Salmon Roe on Characteristics of Salmon Baby Food Products  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Baby food was formulated from sockeye salmon (puree alone, puree +chunks, puree +pink row, puree +pink row +chunks, puree +red row, puree +red roe +chunks). In the 1st study, physical (pH, instrumental color, water activity) and descriptive sensory (odor, flavor, texture, visual color) characteristi...


The Next Innocence Project: Shaken Baby Syndrome and the Criminal Courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year in this country, hundreds of people are convicted of having shaken a baby, most often to death. In a prosecution paradigm without precedent, expert medical testimony is used to establish that a crime occurred, that the defendant caused the infant’s death by shaking, and that the shaking was sufficiently forceful to constitute depraved indifference to human life. Shaken

Deborah Tuerkheimer



eggs hatch into babY salmon and begin a new life  

E-print Network

Life of thesalmon q tr 6l #12;eggs hatch into babY salmon and begin a new life 62 #12;the and the life cyclebegins again 69 #12;il can youdrawa salmon?a #12;Materlals: . Hangers .butcher paper .bakers. LIFE CYCLE STORY 1. Make a posterboard template ol the fish's shape using one ol the species posters

Schladow, S. Geoffrey


Evaluating "Baby Think It Over" Infant Simulators: A Comparison Group Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test the efficacy of Baby-Think-It-Over (BTIO) infant simulators, two versions of a sexuality education program were compared. While the program was designed to include BTIO as an important teaching technique, two schools (49 students) opted not to use them. These students completed all elements of the program except the BTIO activities. Their…

Barnett, Jerrold E.



The role of intestinal transplantation in the management of babies with extensive gut resections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Purpose: Modern neonatal care, surgical treatment, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) have improved survival rate for babies with extensive gut resections. The authors examined the role of intestinal transplantation in the treatment of these patients. Methods: The authors reviewed all pediatric intestinal transplants performed for short bowel syndrome at our center (70 transplants performed between Aug 1994 and Feb 2002).

Tomoaki Kato; Naveen Mittal; Seigo Nishida; David Levi; Noriyo Yamashiki; Barbara Miller; Monica Gonzalez; Phillip Ruiz; Juan Madariaga; Jose Nery; Barry Gelman; John Thompson; Anthony Gyamfi; Andreas Tzakis



Aging Adults Learning New Avocations: Potential Increases in Activity Among Educated Baby-Boomers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential benefits, drawbacks, and preferences of activity (both physical and nonphysical) among Baby-Boomers were the foci of this study. This study included 56 survey participants and 5 interviewees. Descriptive statistics illustrated a preference towards low impact physical activity and cognitively enriching nonphysical activities. Time management was the most frequently perceived barrier to learning or acquiring new activities. Pleasure was

Marcus Lee Johnson; Timothy Bungum



Aging Adults Learning New Avocations: Potential Increases in Activity among Educated Baby-Boomers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The potential benefits, drawbacks, and preferences of activity (both physical and nonphysical) among Baby-Boomers were the foci of this study. This study included 56 survey participants and 5 interviewees. Descriptive statistics illustrated a preference towards low impact physical activity and cognitively enriching nonphysical activities. Time…

Johnson, Marcus Lee; Bungum, Timothy



Move with Me: A Parents' Guide to Movement Development for Visually Impaired Babies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents suggestions for parents to promote their visually impaired infant's motor development. It is pointed out that babies with serious visual loss often prefer their world to be constant and familiar and may resist change (including change in position); therefore, it is important that a wide range of movement activities be…

Blind Childrens Center, Los Angeles, CA.


The Baby Think It Overtm Experience to Prevent Teen Pregnancy: A Postintervention Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation was conducted to describe the per- sonal impact of the ''In Your Care'' pregnancy prevention inter- vention program using Baby Think It OverTM infant simulator. Data was collected regarding the attitudes, actual and intended sexual practices, feelings, and opinions of participants 2 or 3 years after the intervention. Student recommendations for pro- gram continuation and improvement were also

Judy Didion; Helen Gatzke



Effect of varying water intake on renal function in healthy preterm babies.  

PubMed Central

Renal control of water and electrolyte homeostasis was studied in 10 healthy babies (gestation 29 to 34 weeks; birthweight 1.19 to 2.19 kg) while water intake was varied. Glomerular filtration rate and urine flow were estimated daily from spot plasma and urine samples for six days using a constant inulin infusion, and simultaneous sodium, potassium, osmolar, and free water clearances were calculated. The infusion was started at an average age of 14 hours. Each baby received a total fluid intake of 96 ml/kg daily on study days 1, 2, and 5, and about 200 ml/kg on study days 3, 4, and 6. Daily sodium intake was kept constant at 3 mmol/kg. At the end of the first study day the babies were undergoing a diuresis, but thereafter their estimated daily water balances remained stable regardless of intake. Glomerular filtration remained stable; alterations in urine flow reflected a change in the percentage of filtrate excreted. Plasma electrolytes and osmolality were stable throughout, and on study days 2 to 6 the urinary excretion rates of sodium, potassium, and other osmoles remained the same regardless of urine flow. The delivery of sodium to the distal tubule was estimated to be between 17 and 20% of the filtered load. Well preterm babies can cope with daily water intakes between 96 and 200 ml/kg from the third day of life. PMID:4026356

Coulthard, M G; Hey, E N



The Impact of Having a Baby on the Level and Content of Women's Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of this study was to more fully understand the impact of having a baby on women's well-being by attending to both the level and the content of well-being. To cover the judgemental and affective aspects of well-being we included global measures of life satisfaction and well-being and affective experience measures derived from…

Hoffenaar, Peter Johannes; van Balen, Frank; Hermanns, Jo



Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5. The Complete and Authoritative Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, prepared by the American Academy of Pediatrics, is designed to provide parents with the most accurate and up-to-date information about the health and well-being of their young children from birth through age 5. The titles of the book's 30 chapters are: (1) "Preparing for a New Baby"; (2) "Birth and the First Moments After"; (3) "Basic…

Shelov, Steven P., Ed.; Hannemann, Robert E., Ed.


Factors Associated with Women's Antenatal Plans to Use a Baby Walker: A Cross Sectional Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The objective of these analyses was to explore maternal antenatal decisions about baby walker use, factors associated with these decisions and the relationship between antenatal plans to use a walker and postnatal walker use. Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Mothers-to-be (n = 1174) participating in a cluster randomised…

Illingworth, Rachel; Kendrick, Denise; Collier, Jacqueline; Woods, Amanda; Wattse, Kim; Dewey, Michael; Chen, Chih-Mei



The Genetics and Evolution of Human Skin Color: The Case of Desiree's Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case explores the genetics and evolution of skin color, using a short story by Kate Chopin called "Desiree's Baby" as a starting point. Students read the story and discuss a series of questions probing the genetics of the family in the tale. Students then read an article about the evolution of skin color and write an essay analyzing the…

Schneider, Patricia



Who are the Latino baby boomers? Demographic and economic characteristics of a hidden population.  


The United States is confronting two simultaneous demographic shifts with profound implications for public policy: population aging and increasing diversity. These changes are accelerating during a dramatic economic downturn, placing entitlement reform prominently on the national policy agenda. Using decennial census data from 2000, this paper examines the nexus of these trends by examining characteristics of Latino baby boomers. In the census data, Latinos constituted 10% of the 80 million boomers; roughly one-third of Latino boomers (37%) were born in the United States or abroad to a U.S. parent; 6% were born in a U.S. territory; 21% were naturalized citizens; and 36% were noncitizens. Compared to non-Latinos, Latino baby boomers had lower levels of education, home ownership, and investment income and higher rates of material hardship and poverty; however, there was considerable variation based on citizenship status. A better understanding of Latino baby boomers will help policy makers anticipate the retirement needs of baby boomers as the United States prepares for the aging of a racially and ethnically diverse population. PMID:20390712

Gassoumis, Zachary D; Wilber, Kathleen H; Baker, Lindsey A; Torres-Gil, Fernando M



Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies: A Compendium of Program Ideas for Serving Low-Income Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies survey conducted in spring 1985 drew responses from over 1,500 programs active in maternal and child health efforts directed toward low-income women and their families. The executive summary of this report identifies the major goals, common strategies, and needs of program respondents. Chapter 1 summarizes a…

Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition, Washington, DC.


Prenat Diagn . Author manuscript Adoption and fostering of babies with Down syndrome: a cohort of 593  

E-print Network

Prenat Diagn . Author manuscript Page /1 9 Adoption and fostering of babies with Down syndrome noticed an increase in newborns with Down syndrome being placed up for adoption. The aim of this study, Newborn ; Maternal Age ; Occupations ; Retrospective Studies ; Social Class Author Keywords Down syndrome

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Do Babies Matter? The Effect of Family Formation on Men and Women in Science  


Mary Ann Mason, Professor of Social Welfare and Law at the University of California, Berkeley, presents "Do Babies Matter? The Effect of Family Formation on Men and Women in Science." In her talk, she discusses the difficulties of women who have a career in science or in other male-dominated professions.

Mary Ann Mason



Localisation of Human Speech by the Newborn Baby and the Effects of Pethidine ('Meperidine').  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight newborn babies were tested to see whether they could make discriminating head-turn responses to the sound of a 9-second recording of a human voice coming 15 degrees, 30 degrees, and 80 degrees from the midline, from either the right or left side. Journal availability: see EC 113 765. (Author)

Turner, Sara; Macfarlane, Aidan



Parents of babies of very low birth weight: long-term follow-up.  


On hundred and sixty babies of birth weight less than or equal to 1500 g who survived after perinatal intensive care have been followed up and observations have been made on their parents. In spite of attempts to minimize maternal separation and the distressing aspects of the birth and management of a baby of very low birth weight, an emotional crisis was observed in the mothers which was not fully resolved until the parents had been looking after the baby at home. The duration and degree of the crisis varied but the mothers who received sympathy and support from the baby's father appeared to have least difficulty. A rigid maternal personality and circumstances surrounding the birth which predisposed to feelings of failure and guilt appeared to prolong the crisis. Nevertheless, most of these parents subsequently formed satisfactory relationships with their children, although they tended to be over-protective and anxious. Failure to establish an adequate relationship was rare and occurred only among mothers with personality or psychiatric disorders. Although serious behaviour disorders among the children were rare, more children than would be expected were mildly over-dependent, shy and anxious at follow-up. PMID:1045984

Blake, A; Stewart, A; Turcan, D



AARP Online Portrayal of Social Security: Engaging Aging Baby Boomers through Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although baby boomers were not the sole focus of the American Association of Retired Persons' (AARP) website content on the issue of Social Security reform, their interests were addressed in a variety of ways. AARP provided information, position statements, a live chat forum, and message boards. Additionally, AARP had a partnership with the Rock…

Hilt, Michael L.; Lipschultz, Jeremy H.



Cradling Side Preference Is Associated with Lateralized Processing of Baby Facial Expressions in Females  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women's cradling side preference has been related to contralateral hemispheric specialization of processing emotional signals; but not of processing baby's facial expression. Therefore, 46 nulliparous female volunteers were characterized as left or non-left holders (HG) during a doll holding task. During a signal detection task they were then…

Huggenberger, Harriet J.; Suter, Susanne E.; Reijnen, Ester; Schachinger, Hartmut



Watching Children: Describing the Use of Baby Monitors on  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Popular culture today characterizes middle-class parents as being consumed with anxiety about their children. Drawing on more than 100 consumer reviews of baby monitors published on, the author examines how parents respond to that anxiety. Although reviewers are not representative of the population at large, they do…

Nelson, Margaret K.



Developing an Effective Intervention for Incarcerated Teen Fathers: The Baby Elmo Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The absence of a father figure has been linked to very poor developmental outcomes. The Baby Elmo Program, a parenting and structured visitation program, aims to form and maintain bonds between children and their incarcerated teen fathers. The program is taught and supervised by probation staff in juvenile detention facilities. This intervention…

Brito, Natalie; Barr, Rachel; Rodriguez, Jennifer; Shauffer, Carole



Baby Pictures: Family, Consumerism and Exchange Among Teen Mothers in the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like many parents in the US, teen mothers regularly have professional portraits taken of their children. This article, based on an ethnographic study of a diverse group of teen mothers in urban California, analyzes these baby pictures as representations of childhood, motherhood and family, and as material objects used in the construction of kin…

Lustig, Deborah Freedman



Feeding by numbers: an ethnographic study of how breastfeeding women understand their babies' weight charts  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Weighing breastfed babies has been the subject of some controversy as the previous international growth chart was largely based on data from infants fed infant formula. The concern that professionals may be misled by the charts into suggesting to mothers that they supplement unnecessarily was a major impetus for the World Health Organization's investment in a new growth chart.

Magda Sachs; Fiona Dykes; Bernie Carter



Choosing Great Books for Babies: Helping Children Develop a Life-Long Love of Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how a great choice of books could help children develop a life-long love of reading. Every teacher wants to boost a baby's chances in later success. The single most powerful tool a teacher has for awakening a deep love of books and learning is to read to children daily. Reading should become a loved, intimate activity filled…

Honig, Alice Sterling



Relactation, Translactation, and Breast-Orogastric Tube as Transition Methods in Feeding Preterm Babies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from tube feeding to exclusive breastfeeding represents an important period for preterm babies because of their clinical fragility and immature development. This study describes this transition in preterm infants in relation to different feeding approaches: relactation, translactation, and breast-orogastric (OG) tube, considering the duration of the transition, weight gain in the transition, feeding-related problems, and breastfeeding status at

Rebeca Raposo de Aquino; Mônica Maria Osório



A new business model for baby prams based on leasing and product remanufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A shift in business thinking from selling products to providing service solutions to customer needs is becoming noticeable. It is driven by increasing competition and the need to identify new profit centres for producers of mature products. This paper identifies a new product group that could be interesting from the product-service system perspective – baby prams. The study presents a

Oksana Mont; Carl Dalhammar; Nicholas Jacobsson



A Generation at Risk: When the Baby Boomers Reach Golden Pond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 20th century has seen average life expectancy in the United States move from under 50 years to over 70 years. Coupled with this increase in average life expectancy is the aging of the 76.4 million persons born between 1946 and 1964. As they approach retirement, these baby-boomers will have to balance their own needs with those of living…

Butler, Robert N.


Comparative Study of the Cognitive Sequelae of School-Aged Victims of Shaken Baby Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is now recognized as being the main cause of severe traumatic brain injury in infancy. However, our understanding of the impact of this type of abuse on child development remains sketchy. The main objective of the current study was therefore to shed light on the cognitive dysfunctions that are particular to…

Stipanicic, Annie; Nolin, Pierre; Fortin, Gilles; Gobeil, M. F.



Modeling Brand Equity for Lifestyle Brand Extensions: A Strategic Approach into Generation Y vs. Baby Boomer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, the fashion market challenged by a maturing retail market needs a new paradigm in the “evolution of brand” to improve their comparative advantages. An important issue in fashion marketing is lifestyle brand extension with a specific aim to meet consumers' specific needs for their changing lifestyle. For fashion brand extensions into lifestyle product categories, Gen Y and Baby Boomer

Eun Young Kim; Lynn Brandon



The Risky Business of Reproduction: Environmental Exposures and Associated Risks to Fertility and Healthy Babies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the elements required to create a healthy baby--genetics, the anatomy of the male and female reproductive system, the processes by which eggs and sperm are produced, the processes by which the embryo is created and implanted, maternal health during pregnancy, and embryonic/fetal growth and development--is vulnerable to damage by…

Sattler, Barbara



Learning to read before you walk: Portuguese libraries for babies and toddlers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present and analyse some examples of public libraries which have been especially designed for babies and toddlers in Portugal, termed bebetecas in Portuguese, highlighting the role the promotion of reading from a very young age plays in the reader’s development. Some projects implemented in these areas, particularly those which target the family as

Ana Margarida Ramos



Making muslim babies: Ivf and gamete donation in sunni versus shi’a islam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical anthropological research on science, biotechnology, and religion has focused on the “local moral worlds” of men and women as they make difficult decisions regarding their health and the beginnings and endings of human life. This paper focuses on the local moral worlds of infertile Muslims as they attempt to make, in the religiously correct fashion, Muslim babies at in

Marcia C. Inhorn



Of snakes and babies: intrathoracic stomach and vertebral rachischisis. A serpentine-like syndrome?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Snakes have intrathoracic stomachs and rachischisis-like spinal vertebrae. These anomalies are rare in babies and have not been previously described in combination in the English medical literature. Here we present 2 cases of total intrathoracic stomach with a foreshortened esophagus, cervical spine rachischisis, and splenic anomalies in newborns. Both had 46, XX karyotypes. The first case was initially treated with

Michael S. Katz; Donavon J. Hess; Michael G. Caty; Abdur R. Khan; Philip L. Glick



The Relationship between Adolescent and Young Fathers' Capital and Marital Plans of Couples Expecting a Baby  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the relationship between fathers' human, social, and financial capital and future marital plans among 176 pregnant adolescent mothers and the fathers of their babies. Fathers' social capital proved to be the most significant resource in relation to marital plans. Mothers and fathers were significantly more likely to plan to marry when…

Fagan, Jay; Schmitz, Mark F.; Lloyd, Jacqueline J.



Is Hospital Competition Socially Wasteful?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the consequences of hospital competition for Medicare beneficiaries' heart attack care from 1985 to 1994. We examine how relatively exogenous determinants of hospital choice such as travel distances influence the competitiveness of hospital markets, and how hospital competition interacts with the influence of managed-care organizations to affect the key determinants of social welfare-expenditures on treatment and patient health

Daniel P. Kessler; Mark B. McClellan



Microbial ‘old friends’, immunoregulation and socioeconomic status  

PubMed Central

The immune system evolved to require input from at least three sources that we collectively term the ‘old friends’: (i) the commensal microbiotas transmitted by mothers and other family members; (ii) organisms from the natural environment that modulate and diversify the commensal microbiotas; and (iii) the ‘old’ infections that could persist in small isolated hunter-gatherer groups as relatively harmless subclinical infections or carrier states. These categories of organism had to be tolerated and co-evolved roles in the development and regulation of the immune system. By contrast, the ‘crowd infections’ (such as childhood virus infections) evolved later, when urbanization led to large communities. They did not evolve immunoregulatory roles because they either killed the host or induced solid immunity, and could not persist in hunter-gatherer groups. Because the western lifestyle and medical practice deplete the ‘old’ infections (for example helminths), immunoregulatory disorders have increased, and the immune system has become more dependent upon microbiotas and the natural environment. However, urbanization maintains exposure to the crowd infections that lack immunoregulatory roles, while accelerating loss of exposure to the natural environment. This effect is most pronounced in individuals of low socioeconomic status (SES) who lack rural second homes and rural holidays. Interestingly, large epidemiological studies indicate that the health benefits of living close to green spaces are most pronounced for individuals of low SES. Here we discuss the immunoregulatory role of the natural environment, and how this may interact with, and modulate, the proinflammatory effects of psychosocial stressors in low SES individuals. PMID:24401109

Rook, G A W; Raison, C L; Lowry, C A



Bonobos Protect and Console Friends and Kin  

PubMed Central

Post-conflict third-party affiliation has been reported to have different functional meanings, one of them being consolation. Here, we tested the main hypotheses that have been put forth to explain the presence of this phenomenon at a functional level in the bonobo: Self-Protection Hypothesis, Victim-Protection Hypothesis, Relationship-Repair or Substitute for Reconciliation Hypothesis, and Consolation Hypothesis. By analyzing the data collected over 10 years, we investigated what factors affected the distribution of both spontaneous third party affiliation (initiated by the bystander) and solicited third party affiliation (initiated by the victim). We considered factors related to the individual features (sex, rank, age) of victim and bystander, their relationship quality (kinship, affiliation), and the effect that third party affiliation had on the victim (such as protection against further attacks and anxiety reduction). Both spontaneous and solicited third party affiliation reduced the probability of further aggression by group members on the victim (Victim-Protection Hypothesis supported). Yet, only spontaneous affiliation reduced victim anxiety (measured via self-scratching), thus suggesting that the spontaneous gesture – more than the protection itself – works in calming the distressed subject. The victim may perceive the motivational autonomy of the bystander, who does not require an invitation to provide post-conflict affiliative contact. Moreover, spontaneous - but not solicited - third party affiliation was affected by the bond between consoler and victim, being the relationship between consoler and aggressor irrelevant to the phenomenon distribution (Consolation Hypothesis supported). Spontaneous affiliation followed the empathic gradient described for humans, being mostly offered to kin, then friends, then acquaintances. Overall, our findings do not only indicate the consolatory function of spontaneous third-party affiliation but they also suggest that consolation in the bonobo may be an empathy-based phenomenon. PMID:24223924

Palagi, Elisabetta; Norscia, Ivan



Transfusion related morbidity in premature babies: Possible mechanisms and implications for practice  

PubMed Central

Many premature babies, especially those with a low birth weight are given multiple transfusions during their first few weeks of life. The major serious complications of prematurity include bronchopulmonary dysplasia, with lesser incidences of retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular haemorrhage, and necrotising enterocolitis. Many studies have shown correlations between the receipt of blood transfusions and the development of these conditions, but little is known of the underlying pathophysiology of this relationship. Recent studies are beginning to provide some answers. This review examines recent findings with regard to the influence of preparation and storage of paediatric packed red blood cell units on heme, iron, and oxidative status of the units and relates these to the ability of the premature baby to deal with these changes following the receipt of blood transfusions. Paediatric packed red blood cell units are a potential source of heme, redox active iron and free radicals, and this increases with storage age. Haemolysis of transfused red blood cells may add further iron and cell free haemoglobin to the recipient baby. Premature babies, particularly those with low birth weight and gestational age appear to have little reserve to cope with any additional iron, heme and/or oxidative load. The consequences of these events are discussed with regard to their contribution to the major complications of prematurity and a novel hypothesis regarding transfusion-related morbidity in premature babies is presented. The review concludes with a discussion of potential means of limiting transfusion related iron/heme and oxidative load through the preparation and storage of packed red blood cell units and through modifications in clinical practice. PMID:25254181

Collard, Keith James



Website Babies Portal: development and evaluation of the contents regarding orofacial functions  

PubMed Central

Education mediated by technology facilitates the access to information and can reach more people, including a broader range of socio-economic groups and ages, and at a low-cost. The website "Babies Portal - Speech-Language Pathology/Audiology and Dentistry" ( was developed to provide parents with information on communication procedure disorders and oral health, enabling them to prevent and identify any changes in development early while looking for the best treatment. Objective: The objective is to describe the development and evaluation of the content pertaining to the oral functions featured in the "Babies Portal". Methods: The first stage consisted of a literature review, development/selection of illustrations and an evaluation of the possible external links that could be available. In the second stage, 10 speech-language and hearing pathologists (group A) and five parents of babies (group B) evaluated the website via an online form, which included ethical and personal information and questions about the quality, technical information and comparative prior knowledge acquired after the access. In the first stage, there was the construction of five sections ("The Oral Functions", "Breastfeeding", "Food", "Pacifier, baby bottle and finger sucking" and "Breath") based on scientific studies, presenting objective information, content links prepared by the Ministry of Health and a Dentistry section in the "Babies Portal" website. Videos, static and dynamic images were also distributed throughout the sections. Results: Regarding the second stage, 90% of all speech-language and hearing pathologists judged a good/excellent quality for all sections and classified the technical quality as very good. By their turn, 88% of the parents (group B) reported that the website helped or helped very much in understanding the contents, and 80% rated the quality as good or excellent. Conclusions: Five sections concerning the oral functions were structured, and the results collected from groups A and B suggest that the content provided is adequate and reliable. PMID:24473726

CORRÊA, Camila de Castro; PAULETO, Adriana Regina Colombo; FERRARI, Deborah Viviane; BERRETIN-FELIX, Giédre



Maternal brain response to own baby-cry is affected by cesarean section delivery  

PubMed Central

A range of early circumstances surrounding the birth of a child affects peripartum hormones, parental behavior and infant wellbeing. One of these factors, which may lead to postpartum depression, is the mode of delivery: vaginal delivery (VD) or cesarean section delivery (CSD). To test the hypothesis that CSD mothers would be less responsive to own baby-cry stimuli than VD mothers in the immediate postpartum period, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging, 2–4 weeks after delivery, of the brains of six mothers who delivered vaginally and six who had an elective CSD. VD mothers’ brains were significantly more responsive than CSD mothers’ brains to their own baby-cry in the superior and middle temporal gyri, superior frontal gyrus, medial fusiform gyrus, superior parietal lobe, as well as regions of the caudate, thalamus, hypothalamus, amygdala and pons. Also, within preferentially active regions of VD brains, there were correlations across all 12 mothers with out-of-magnet variables. These include correlations between own baby-cry responses in the left and right lenticular nuclei and parental preoccupations (r = .64, p < .05 and .67, p < .05 respectively), as well as in the superior frontal cortex and Beck depression inventory (r = .78, p < .01). First this suggests that VD mothers are more sensitive to own baby-cry than CSD mothers in the early postpartum in sensory processing, empathy, arousal, motivation, reward and habit-regulation circuits. Second, independent of mode of delivery, parental worries and mood are related to specific brain activations in response to own baby-cry. PMID:18771508

Swain, James E.; Tasgin, Esra; Mayes, Linda C.; Feldman, Ruth; Constable, R. Todd; Leckman, James F.



Don't ignore signs of abuse. Talk to your friend about your  

E-print Network

Don't ignore signs of abuse. Talk to your friend about your concerns. Don't pressure your friend's strengths. Many people in abusive relationships are no longer capable of seeing their own abilities. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ How to Help a Friend WhoisaVictimof Abuse If a friend tells you things that sound like his or her

Slatton, Clint


Friends Best Practices: Alternative Transportation The University Master Plan calls for a continuing move towards a more pedestrian friendly  

E-print Network

Friends Best Practices: Alternative Transportation The University Master Plan calls, Colorado State aims to encourage alternative modes of transportation on campus, such as walking of all Colorado State University faculty, staff and students use alternative forms of transportation


Hospitals as interpretation systems.  

PubMed Central

In this study of 162 hospitals, it was found that the chief executive officer's (CEO's) interpretation of strategic issues is related to the existing hospital strategy and the hospital's information processing structure. Strategy was related to interpretation in terms of the extent to which a given strategic issue was perceived as controllable or uncontrollable. Structure was related to the extent to which an issue was defined as positive or negative, was labeled as controllable or uncontrollable, and was perceived as leading to a gain or a loss. Together, strategy and structure accounted for a significant part of the variance in CEO interpretations of strategic events. The theoretical and managerial implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:1991677

Thomas, J B; McDaniel, R R; Anderson, R A



Birth outcomes for African and Caribbean babies in England and Wales: retrospective analysis of routinely collected data  

PubMed Central

Objectives To compare mean birth weights, gestational ages and odds of preterm birth and low birth weight of live singleton babies of black African or Caribbean ethnicity born in 2005 or 2006 by mother's country of birth. Design Secondary analysis of data from linked birth registration and NHS Numbers for Babies data set. Setting Births to women in England and Wales in 2005 and 2006. Participants Babies of African and Caribbean ethnicity born in England and Wales in 2005–2006, whose mothers were born in African and Caribbean countries or the UK. Birth outcomes for 51?599 singleton births were analysed. Main outcome measures Gestational age and birth weight. Results Mothers born in Eastern or Northern Africa had babies at higher mean gestational ages (39.38 and 39.41?weeks, respectively) and lower odds of preterm birth (OR=0.80 and 0.65, respectively) compared with 39.00?weeks for babies with mothers born in the UK. Babies of African ethnicity whose mothers were born in Middle or Western Africa had mean birth weights of 3327 and 3311?g, respectively. These were significantly higher than the mean birth weight of 3257?g for babies of the UK-born mothers. Their odds of low birth weight (OR=0.75 and 0.72, respectively) were significantly lower. Babies of Caribbean ethnicity whose mothers were born in the Caribbean had higher mean birth weight and lower odds of low birth weight than those whose mothers were born in the UK. Conclusions The study shows that in babies of African and Caribbean ethnicity, rates of low birth weight and preterm birth varied by mothers' countries of birth. Ethnicity and country of birth are important factors associated with perinatal health, but assessing them singly can mask important heterogeneity in birth outcomes within categories particularly in relation to African ethnicity. These differences should be explored further. PMID:22619268

Dattani, Nirupa; Macfarlane, Alison J