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1

Breaking Bad News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news has been ignored in the past and still depends largely on culture and social state. We experience now a strong trend towards full information in modern societies. The article describes the typical stages patients go through when dealing with bad news. Recommendations how to break bad news stress the importance of privacy and enough time, the necessity

Rainer Schoefl

2008-01-01

2

Hearing bad news.  

PubMed

Personal reports of receiving bad news provide data that describes patients' comprehension, reflections, experienced emotions, and an interpretative commentary with the wisdom of hindsight. Analysis of autobiographical accounts of "hearing bad news" enables the identification of patterns of how patients found out diagnoses, buffering techniques used, and styles of receiving the news. I describe how patients grapple with the news, their somatic responses to hearing, and how they struggle and strive to accept what they are hearing. I discuss metaphors used within the languages of hearing bad news. Finally, I discuss implications for a change of focus in the breaking bad news research agenda, that is, from the physician's "performance" to a patient-focused agenda. PMID:21503780

Morse, Janice

2011-09-01

3

Creating COMFORT: A Communication-Based Model for Breaking Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study builds upon existing protocols for breaking bad news (BBN), and offers an interaction-based approach to communicating comfort to patients and their families. The goal was to analyze medical students' (N = 21) videotaped standardized patient BBN interactions after completing an instructional unit on a commonly used BBN protocol,…

Villagran, Melinda; Goldsmith, Joy; Wittenberg-Lyles, Elaine; Baldwin, Paula

2010-01-01

4

The Trouble with Bad News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Subjective comments from veteran news reporters, media critics, and the public give the impression that bad or negative news is becoming a major problem in this country. This impression raises major questions concerning how much is really known about bad news, including whether the media present an accurate or distorted picture of reality in…

Haskins, Jack B.

1981-01-01

5

Breaking Bad News to Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the difficulty of breaking bad news to parents, whether the news pertains to center policy or a child's behavior. Provides strategies for presenting news and for helping parents to overcome difficult situations, including gathering facts in advance, arranging an appropriate time, and having resource materials available for parents.…

Miller, Susan A.

1996-01-01

6

Ability of primary care physician's to break bad news: A performance based assessment of an educational intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveWe have previously described a breaking bad news (BBN) training program for primary care physicians [Ungar L, Alperin M, Amiel GE, Beharier Z, Reis S. Breaking bad news: structured training for family medicine residents. Patient Educ Couns 2002;48:63–68]. In this paper, we present the assessment of an educational intervention aimed at improving this important skill.

Gilad E. Amiel; Lea Ungar; Mordechai Alperin; Zvi Baharier; Robert Cohen; Shmuel Reis

2006-01-01

7

Breaking bad news and personality assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news to seriously ill patients is an especially difficult and important part of patient education and counseling. Guidelines for breaking bad news have been previously presented, but this is the first report to address the personality of the patient in deciding how to break bad news. A case study of a patient diagnosed with amytrophic lateral sclerosis is

A Rudnick; Y Ezra; E Melamed

2000-01-01

8

How to Tell Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Therapists, physicians, police officers, and emergency staff often are the messengers of bad news. They have to tell a patient, a parent, or a loved one about a death, an accident, a school shooting, a life-threatening diagnosis, a terrorist attack, or a suicide. Usually the messenger bears a heavy responsibility but has little training and seeks…

Long, Nicholas J.

2012-01-01

9

How to break bad news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news is never easy. There is no right way to do it. However, it is a vitally important communication skill which we should be helping our juniors to learn. In the past, we have all tended to learn by experience and there has been little or no formal training in this important area. While there is no substitute

Amanda Billson; Jenny Tyrrell

2003-01-01

10

How to Tell Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Therapists, physicians, police officers, and emergency staff often are the messengers of bad news. They have to tell a patient, a parent, or a loved one about a death, an accident, a school shooting, a life-threatening diagnosis, a terrorist attack, or a suicide. Usually the messenger bears a heavy responsibility but has little training and seeks…

Long, Nicholas J.

2012-01-01

11

Breaking Bad News Issues: A Survey Among Physicians  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study was to explore the physicians' perspectives and practices in relation to breaking bad news (BBN) to patients. Methods A quantitative survey was performed in the Qassim Region from January to July 2011. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire administered to all practicing physicians working in both hospitals and Primary Healthcare centers in the Qassim Region. Anonymity was maintained throughout. The target groups received a self-administered questionnaire with a covering letter introducing the study and explaining their rights. Results A total of 458 physicians participated in the study. Physicians with higher qualifications had lower total scores of the mean in BBN skills. The majority (70%) preferred to discuss information with close relatives rather than the patients. In case of serious diseases, only 32% said that they would inform the patient’s family without the patient’s consent. More than 90% of our study sample did not avoid telling their patients the bad news; however, physicians working in Primary Healthcare centers were less reserved. Conclusion Although most of the participating physicians were keen to help their patients, they lacked the essential knowledge and skills for breaking bad news. Thus, they are in need of specific training in this regard.

Al-Mohaimeed, Abdulrahman A.; Sharaf, Fawzy K.

2013-01-01

12

Alternative Energy Sources: Good News\\/Bad News and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In researching innovative energy sources, we are faced with a good news\\/bad news situation. On the good news side, new arenas of research activity are being opened up and pursued vigorously. These range from relatively mainstream approaches to develop solar energy, to highly innovative approaches to extract energy from vacuum fluctuations. On the bad news side, despite varying degrees of

H. E. Puthoff

13

Teaching students to break bad news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Physicians typically learn to communicate bad news to patients through trial and error or observation of more senior physicians. To give medical students initial instruction and experience in this area, we developed two standardized patient instructor (SPI) experiences in “breaking bad news.”Methods: Twenty-one junior medical students had an SPI experience discussing a new diagnosis of rectal cancer or pregancy

Lisa Colletti; Larry Gruppen; Mel Barclay; David Stern

2001-01-01

14

Saudi mothers' preferences about breaking bad news concerning newborns: a structured verbal questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Breaking bad news (BBN) to parents whose newborn has a major disease is an ethical dilemma. In Saudi Arabia, BBN about newborns is performed according to the parental preferences that have been reported from non-Arabic/non-Islamic countries. Saudi mothers' preferences about BBN have not yet been studied. Therefore, we aimed to elicit the preferences of Saudi mothers about BBN concerning newborns. Methods We selected a convenience sample of 402 Saudi mothers, aged 18-50 years, who had no previous experience with BBN. We selected them via a simple number-randomization scheme from the premises of a level III Saudi hospital between October of 2009 and January of 2011. We used a hypothetical situation (BBN about trisomy 21) to elicit their preferences about BBN concerning newborns via a structured verbal questionnaire composed of 12 multiple-choice questions. We expressed their preferences as percentages (95% confidence interval), and we used the Kendall's W test (W) to assess the degree of agreement in preferences. Results The Saudi mothers preferred that BBN be conducted with both parents together (64% [60-69]), albeit with weak levels of agreement (W = 0.29). They showed moderate agreement in their preferences that BBN should be conducted early (79% [75-83], W = 0.48), in detail (81% [77-85], W = 0.52), in person (88% [85-91], W = 0.58), and in a quiet setting (86% [83-90], W = 0.53). With extremely weak agreement, they preferred to have a known person present for support during BBN (56% [51-61], W = 0.01), to have close bodily contact with their babies (66% [61-70], W = 0.10), and to have no another patients present (64% [59-68], W = 0.08). They showed moderate levels of agreement in their desires to detail, in advance, their preferences about process of BBN by giving a reversible, written informed consent that could be utilized for guidance, if needed (80% [76-84], W = 0.36). Conclusions In our experience, Saudi mothers' preferences about BBN concerning newborns are varied, suggesting that a "one-size-fits-all" approach is inappropriate. A reversible, written informed consent detailing their preferences about BBN that would be kept in their medical records and utilized for guidance, if needed, may be the best solution, given this level of diversity. These findings merit further study.

2011-01-01

15

Breaking bad news: the patient's viewpoint.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to ascertain how patients judge the acceptability of physicians' communication of bad news. Two hundred forty-five adults, who had in the past received bad medical news, indicated the acceptability of physicians' conduct in 48 vignettes of giving bad news to patients. Vignettes were all combinations of five factors: level of bad news (infection with hepatitis C, cirrhosis of the liver, or liver cancer); request or not to the patient to come with spouse or partner; attempt or not by the physician to find out the patient's expectations about the test results; presence or absence of emotional supportiveness; and provision or not of complete and understandable information. In addition, nine physicians rated the same vignettes. Quality of information and emotional supportiveness explained more than 95% of the variance in patients' acceptability judgments, while the degree of badness of the news had no impact. In addition, for patients, low emotional supportiveness could not be fully compensated by high quality of information, nor the inverse. Physicians, in contrast, responded as if such compensations were possible. Physicians must appreciate that patients expect high levels of both empathy and information quality, no matter how bad the news. PMID:21598151

Munoz Sastre, Maria Teresa; Sorum, Paul Clay; Mullet, Etienne

2011-05-23

16

'BREAKS' Protocol for Breaking Bad News  

PubMed Central

Information that drastically alters the life world of the patient is termed as bad news. Conveying bad news is a skilled communication, and not at all easy. The amount of truth to be disclosed is subjective. A properly structured and well-orchestrated communication has a positive therapeutic effect. This is a process of negotiation between patient and physician, but physicians often find it difficult due to many reasons. They feel incompetent and are afraid of unleashing a negative reaction from the patient or their relatives. The physician is reminded of his or her own vulnerability to terminal illness, and find themselves powerless over emotional distress. Lack of sufficient training in breaking bad news is a handicap to most physicians and health care workers. Adherence to the principles of client-centered counseling is helpful in attaining this skill. Fundamental insight of the patient is exploited and the bad news is delivered in a structured manner, because the patient is the one who knows what is hurting him most and he is the one who knows how to move forward. Six-step SPIKES protocol is widely used for breaking bad news. In this paper, we put forward another six-step protocol, the BREAKS protocol as a systematic and easy communication strategy for breaking bad news. Development of competence in dealing with difficult situations has positive therapeutic outcome and is a professionally satisfying one.

Narayanan, Vijayakumar; Bista, Bibek; Koshy, Cheriyan

2010-01-01

17

Breaking bad news and personality assessment.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news to seriously ill patients is an especially difficult and important part of patient education and counseling. Guidelines for breaking bad news have been previously presented, but this is the first report to address the personality of the patient in deciding how to break had news. A case study of a patient diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is presented. A psychiatric consultation assisted in assessing the patient's personality and thus preparing the medical staff for breaking the bad news to him. The patient was assessed as having an obsessive-compulsive personality, and consequently the staff was instructed to concentrate on facts and not on feelings when breaking the bad news to him. The patient coped adaptively with this procedure, as did the staff. This case report illustrates that personality assessment may be of benefit in breaking bad news to seriously ill patients. It remains to be seen whether this procedure can be successfully generalized to other patients and settings as well as to other domains of patient education and counseling, and if so--whether this will also prove to be cost-effective. PMID:12024541

Rudnick, A; Ezra, Y; Melamed, E

2000-09-01

18

[Announcement of bad news and patient support].  

PubMed

Being unprepared for the announcement of bad news can influence patients' perception of their illness and upset their psychological balance. While the announcement of the diagnosis, the prognosis and the treatment remains a medical act, the psychological preparation around this announcement is a nursing act which forms an integral part of the nursing role. PMID:22670455

Couric, Patrice

2012-05-01

19

Physician-patient communication: breaking bad news.  

PubMed

Physicians often struggle with how to manage the task of breaking bad news with patients. Moreover, the arduous nature of the task can contribute to physician detachment from the patient or an avoidance of breaking the news in a timely manner. A plan of action can only improve physician confidence in breaking bad news, and also make the task more manageable. Over a decade ago, Rabow and McPhee offered a strategy; the ABCDE plan, which provided a patient centered framework from which to deliver troubling news to patients and families. At the heart of this plan was the creation of a safe environment, the demonstration of timely communication skills, and the display of empathy on the physician's part. Careful consideration of the doctor's own reactions to death and dying also played an important role. A close review of the five tenets of this plan indicates the relevance of Rabow and McPhee's strategy today. The patient base in our nation and state continues to be older, on average, and physicians are faced with numerous patients who have terminal illness. A constructive plan with specific ideas for breaking bad news can help physicians effectively navigate this difficult task. PMID:22655433

Fields, Scott A; Johnson, W Michael

20

Medical students' skills and needs for training in breaking bad news.  

PubMed

This study assessed medical students' perception of individual vs. group training in breaking bad news (BBN) and explored training needs in BBN. Master-level students (N?=?124) were randomised to group training (GT)-where only one or two students per group conducted a simulated patient (SP) interview, which was discussed collectively with the faculty-or individual training (IT)-where each student conducted an SP interview, which was discussed during individual supervision. Training evaluation was based on questionnaires, and the videotaped interviews were rated using the Roter Interaction Analysis System. Students were globally satisfied with the training. Still, there were noticeable differences between students performing an interview (GT/IT) and students observing interviews (GT). The analysis of the interviews showed significant differences according to scenarios and to gender. Active involvement through SP interviews seems required for students to feel able to reach training objectives. The evaluation of communication skills, revealing a baseline heterogeneity, supports individualised training. PMID:23055132

Stiefel, Friedrich; Bourquin, Céline; Layat, Carine; Vadot, Sara; Bonvin, Raphael; Berney, Alexandre

2013-03-01

21

Breaking bad news education for emergency medicine residents: A novel training module using simulation with the SPIKES protocol.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news (BBN) in the emergency department (ED) is a common occurrence. This is especially true for an emergency physician (EP) as there is little time to prepare for the event and likely little or no knowledge of the patients or family background information. At our institution, there is no formal training for EP residents in delivering bad news. We felt teaching emergency medicine residents these communication skills should be an important part of their educational curriculum. We describe our experience with a defined educational program designed to educate and improve physician's confidence and competence in bad news and death notification. A regularly scheduled 5-h grand rounds conference time frame was dedicated to the education of EM residents about BBN. A multidisciplinary approach was taken to broaden the prospective of the participants. The course included lectures from different specialties, role playing for three short scenarios in different capacities, and hi-fidelity simulation cases with volatile psychosocial issues and stressors. Participants were asked to fill out a self-efficacy form and evaluation sheets. Fourteen emergency residents participated and all thought that this education is necessary. The mean score of usefulness is 4.73 on a Likert Scale from 1 to 5. The simulation part was thought to be the most useful (43%), with role play 14%, and lecture 7%. We believe that teaching physicians to BBN in a controlled environment is a good use of educational time and an important procedure that EP must learn. PMID:21063562

Park, Inchoel; Gupta, Amit; Mandani, Kaivon; Haubner, Laura; Peckler, Brad

2010-10-01

22

Positive Organizational Behavior: A Buffer for Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most communication research on bad news messages focuses on crisis communication, where attention is often limited to image repair strategies. The authors argue that a key indicator of an organization's effectiveness in communicating "bad news" messages is its organizational culture. Developing an organizational culture that values positive…

French, Sandra L.; Holden, Tracey Quigley

2012-01-01

23

Medical Residents' First Clearly Remembered Experiences of Giving Bad News  

PubMed Central

CONTEXT Communication of bad news to patients or families is a difficult task that requires skill and sensitivity. Little is known about doctors' formative experiences in giving bad news, what guidance they receive, or what lessons they learn in the process. OBJECTIVE To learn the circumstances in which medical residents first delivered bad news to patients or families, the nature of their experience, and their opinions about how best to develop the needed skills. DESIGN Confidential mailed survey. SETTING AND SUBJECTS All medicine house officers at 2 urban, university-based residency programs in Boston. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Details of medical residents' first clearly remembered experiences of giving bad news to a patient or family member; year in training; familiarity with the patient; information about any planning prior to, observation of, or discussion after their first experience; and the usefulness of such discussions. We also asked general questions about delivering bad news, such as how often this was done, as well as asking for opinions about actual and desired training. RESULTS One hundred twenty-nine of two hundred thirteen surveys (61%) were returned. Most (73%) trainees first delivered bad news while a medical student or intern. For this first experience, most (61%) knew the patient for just hours or days. Only 59% engaged in any planning for the encounter. An attending physician was present in 6 (5%) instances, and a more-senior trainee in 14 (11%) others. Sixty-five percent of subjects debriefed with at least 1 other person after the encounter, frequently with a lesser-trained physician or a member of their own family. Debriefing focused on the reaction of those who were given the bad news and the reaction of the trainee. When there were discussions with more-senior physicians, before or after the encounter, these were judged to be helpful approximately 80% of the time. Most subjects had given bad news between 5 and 20 times, yet 10% had never been observed doing so. Only 81 of 128 (63%) had ever observed an attending delivering bad news, but those who did found it helpful 96% of the time. On 7-point scales, subjects rated the importance of skills in delivering bad news highly, (mean 6.8), believed such skill can be improved (mean 6.6), and thought that more guidance should be offered to them during such activity (mean 5.8). CONCLUSION Medical students and residents frequently deliver bad news to patients and families. This responsibility begins early in training. In spite of their inexperience, many do not appear to receive adequate guidance or support during their earliest formative experiences.

Orlander, Jay D; Graeme Fincke, B; Hermanns, David; Johnson, Gregory A

2002-01-01

24

Breaking bad news to patients: physicians' perceptions of the process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this investigation was to gain a better understanding of the processes associated with communicating bad news\\u000a to patients. A convenience sample of 38 physicians recalled a time when they delivered bad news and then answered a series\\u000a of questions about what transpired. Data were also obtained about how well they thought the transaction had proceeded, how\\u000a much

J. T. Ptacek; E. A. Fries; T. L. Eberhardt; J. J. Ptacek

1999-01-01

25

Breaking bad news: a guide for effective and empathetic communication.  

PubMed

Breaking negative news to patients is a common occurrence for nurse practitioners. This difficult task requires patience and refined communication skills, and must be approached with empathy for all parties involved. There are several ways to deliver bad news to patients successfully using patient-centered communication techniques and methods. PMID:22252021

Rosenzweig, Margaret Quinn

2012-02-12

26

"Good News" Tune Makes Discussion of "Bad News" Sing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends playing Anne Murray's recording of "A Little Good News" to promote discussion about the nature of news and Bobbie Gentry's "Ode to Billy Joe" for discussion on writing news stories about suicides. (CRH)

Sneed, Don

1984-01-01

27

Evaluation of a breaking bad news course for medical students.  

PubMed

This paper presents the evaluation of a Breaking Bad News course run for three groups of medical students (fourth and fifth year from the London Hospital Medical College and fourth year from St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College). The course, which is student centred, uses group discussion, videotape presentations and role-play including actors. All teachers, clinicians and human science tutors, had been through a staff training programme on teaching methods. At the end of the course, students' knowledge of important principles in giving bad news had increased, particularly in relation to interpersonal communication; they were more confident in their ability to break bad news well; and the course learning methods were highly rated. The course was just as well received by fourth year as by fifth year students and several said they would like more of this training. The evaluation shows that if reservations about role-play can be overcome then this experiential learning is highly valued by students. PMID:8594407

Cushing, A M; Jones, A

1995-11-01

28

To Tell the Truth Delivering Bad News to Patients  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case was developed to teach first-year medical students about medical ethics as they apply to patient communication. Students receive an introductory lecture covering the basics of giving bad news and then are asked to apply what they have learned to a real-life medical situation they read about. The case describes a man who, recently retired, is looking forward to a cruise trip with his wife, but he hasn’t been feeling well. Medical tests show he has colon cancer. Assuming the role of the physician, students must decide when and how to break the bad news. To prepare for their role, students learn the six-step protocol for breaking bad news developed by medical oncologist Dr. Robert Buckman, which they then apply to the case.

Knutson, Doug; Post, Doug M.

2006-01-01

29

Breaking Good and Bad News: Direction of the MUM Effect and Senders’ Cognitive Representations of News Valence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MUM effect refers to the robust research finding that people are more hesitant to share bad news relative to good news. An experiment utilized a false feedback test design to determine whether the MUM effect stems from a reluctance to share bad news, an eagerness to share good news, or both. Participants (N = 114) shared good, neutral, or

Jayson L. Dibble; Timothy R. Levine

2010-01-01

30

Human development of the ability to learn from bad news  

PubMed Central

Humans show a natural tendency to discount bad news while incorporating good news into beliefs (the “good news–bad news effect”), an effect that may help explain seemingly irrational risk taking. Understanding how this bias develops with age is important because adolescents are prone to engage in risky behavior; thus, educating them about danger is crucial. We reveal a striking valence-dependent asymmetry in how belief updating develops with age. In the ages tested (9–26 y), younger age was associated with inaccurate updating of beliefs in response to undesirable information regarding vulnerability. In contrast, the ability to update beliefs accurately in response to desirable information remained relatively stable with age. This asymmetry was mediated by adequate computational use of positive but not negative estimation errors to alter beliefs. The results are important for understanding how belief formation develops and might help explain why adolescents do not respond adequately to warnings.

Moutsiana, Christina; Garrett, Neil; Clarke, Richard C.; Lotto, R. Beau; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne; Sharot, Tali

2013-01-01

31

Human development of the ability to learn from bad news.  

PubMed

Humans show a natural tendency to discount bad news while incorporating good news into beliefs (the "good news-bad news effect"), an effect that may help explain seemingly irrational risk taking. Understanding how this bias develops with age is important because adolescents are prone to engage in risky behavior; thus, educating them about danger is crucial. We reveal a striking valence-dependent asymmetry in how belief updating develops with age. In the ages tested (9-26 y), younger age was associated with inaccurate updating of beliefs in response to undesirable information regarding vulnerability. In contrast, the ability to update beliefs accurately in response to desirable information remained relatively stable with age. This asymmetry was mediated by adequate computational use of positive but not negative estimation errors to alter beliefs. The results are important for understanding how belief formation develops and might help explain why adolescents do not respond adequately to warnings. PMID:24019466

Moutsiana, Christina; Garrett, Neil; Clarke, Richard C; Lotto, R Beau; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne; Sharot, Tali

2013-09-09

32

Delivering and Receiving Bad News: What School Psychologists Need to Know  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delivering bad news to students, teachers, and parents is not an uncommon occurrence for school psychologists. Skillfully communicating bad news requires sensitivity, thoughtful wording, and an awareness of the potential effect on the recipients. Despite the importance of this skill, school psychology has devoted little attention to what is currently known about delivering bad news. This article synthesizes the literature

Megan Frost; Margaret R. Rogers; Elisabeth C. OBryon; Kimberly Hill Perry

2010-01-01

33

A Native-American Bad-News Message from 1805  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1805, Iroquois chiefs met to consider a request from a missionary to establish a church on a Seneca reservation. Sagoyewatha (Red Jacket), the principal Seneca orator, presented the Senecas' reply, diplomatically rejecting the request in an indirect bad-news message. He buffers the beginning, presents strong reasons for the refusal, and closes with an ending designed to maintain goodwill. This

Donald C. Samson

34

Breaking bad news: structured training for family medicine residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has shown that physicians experience incompetence and difficulty in dealing with patients’ feelings after they have broken bad news to them. During the past 10 years, we have implemented a longitudinal training program targeting these issues. The present article describes this training and discusses its contribution to doctors’ skills at approaching distressed patients. In order to cope with

Lea Ungar; Mordechai Alperin; Gilad E Amiel; Zvi Beharier; Shmuel Reis

2002-01-01

35

A GOOD DAY FOR BAD NEWS?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the public relations industry, Fridays have long been considered the best day to release negative news. The timing is based on the assumption that Saturday newspapers are the least read of any day of the week because people are busy with family and recreational activities and have little time for, or in interest in, reading a newspaper. While this

RICHARD A. LEE

36

Breaking bad news. 1: Current best advice for clinicians.  

PubMed

Reviews of the literature on how to convey bad news to patients with serious diseases have identified a paucity of empirically based information to guide clinicians in undertaking this difficult task. In 1994, consensus guidelines for clinicians that incorporated the views of medical oncologists, general practitioners, surgeons, nurse consultants, social workers, clergy, human-rights representatives, cancer patients, hospital interns, and clinical directors of medical schools were developed in Australia. Since then, the guidelines have been published widely and incorporated into other documents outlining recommendations for the best practices. The most recent version of the guidelines on breaking bad news is reported in this article. Revisions based on feedback from key groups, including medical schools and clinicians, and on comparisons of the views of breast cancer patients with their providers' views on the importance of each recommendation in the guidelines are included, and suggestions for future research are detailed. PMID:9695896

Girgis, A; Sanson-Fisher, R W

1998-01-01

37

The Art of Breaking Bad News: Lessons Learned at a Large Public University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to reflect on how to break bad news. The style in which one breaks bad news at the collegiate level has implications both for the individual and for the institution. If not managed well by enrollment professionals, negative news can taint prospects, applicants, parents, and current students, blemishing the…

Head, Joe F.

2010-01-01

38

Medical students' attitudes towards breaking bad news: an empirical test of the World Health Organization model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature regarding breaking bad news distinguishes three disclosure models: non-disclosure, full-disclosure and individualized disclosure. In this study, we investigated the relations between attitudes regarding disclosure of bad news and global professional attitudes regarding medical care in a sample of medical students (n=88). The Attitudes towards Breaking Bad News Questionnaire was developed and factor analysed to provide a valid and

C. de Valck; J. Bensing; R. Bruynooghe

2001-01-01

39

Breaking bad news: doctors' feelings and behaviors.  

PubMed

The announcement about the handicap of a child is communicated to parents by gynecologists or ultrasonographists, in the prenatal period. Often, these professionals are not prepared to communicate this news to the parents, and they have some limitations that lead them to act inappropriately. Therefore, the aims of this research were to identify and to describe the feelings of professionals facing this situation, and to examine their behaviors when they have to inform a couple about the child's anomaly. Ten gynecologists and ultrasonographists were interviewed: five were consultants in Public Health Services and five were private clinicians. Interviews were carried out with a semi-structured script. The results showed that, according to the participants, there is no specific moment, nor a standard behavior, that is most appropriate for making such an announcement. Yet the data show that all the participants feel hurt or frustrated when they must announce this phenomenon, becoming involved with the case. In conclusion, no graduate course has prepared them to deal with this deficiency. Suggestions are made concerning the graduate curriculum in order to improve the preparation of future doctors. A mental health professional is even necessary among the multidisciplinary team formed to deal with the pain produced in the moment of the announcement. PMID:17992964

Saviani-Zeoti, Fernanda; Petean, Eucia Beatriz Lopes

2007-11-01

40

Breaking bad news: current prospective and practical guideline for muslim countries.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news is one of the most distressing tasks which face physicians on daily basis; however, only few doctors receive formal training on this task. Disappointingly, the current status of the "breaking bad news" sector in health care systems in the Muslim countries is largely unknown. The following article attempts to address the current status of breaking bad news in the health care sector in Muslim countries and devises a practical protocol which provides a stepwise framework for breaking bad news in Muslim countries. PMID:23872951

Salem, Ahmed; Salem, Abdel-Fattah

2013-12-01

41

Educating the delivery of bad news in medicine: Preceptorship versus simulation  

PubMed Central

Simulation experiences have begun to replace traditional education models of teaching the skill of bad news delivery in medical education. The tiered apprenticeship model of medical education emphasizes experiential learning. Studies have described a lack of support in bad news delivery and inadequacy of training in this important clinical skill as well as poor familial comprehension and dissatisfaction on the part of physicians in training regarding the resident delivery of bad news. Many residency training programs lacked a formalized training curriculum in the delivery of bad news. Simulation teaching experiences may address these noted clinical deficits in the delivery of bad news to patients and their families. Unique experiences can be role-played with this educational technique to simulate perceived learner deficits. A variety of scenarios can be constructed within the framework of the simulation training method to address specific cultural and religious responses to bad news in the medical setting. Even potentially explosive and violent scenarios can be role-played in order to prepare physicians for these rare and difficult situations. While simulation experiences cannot supplant the model of positive, real-life clinical teaching in the delivery of bad news, simulation of clinical scenarios with scripting, self-reflection, and peer-to-peer feedback can be powerful educational tools. Simulation training can help to develop the skills needed to effectively and empathetically deliver bad news to patients and families in medical practice.

Jacques, Andrew P; Adkins, Eric J; Knepel, Sheri; Boulger, Creagh; Miller, Jessica; Bahner, David P

2011-01-01

42

“I'm Sorry To Tell You...” Physicians' Reports of Breaking Bad News  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this investigation the authors assessed what physicians do when planning for and delivering bad news to patients. Seventy-three physicians responded to a series of statements about the behaviors, thoughts, and feelings they might have had while preparing for and delivering bad medically-related news. Data were also obtained about how well they thought the transaction had gone, how much stress

J. T. Ptacek; John J. Ptacek; Neil M. Ellison

2001-01-01

43

Do Personal Characteristics Related to Breaking Bad News Influence Students' Communication Skills?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Delivering bad news is a task that occurs in most medical practices, rendering communi- cation skills essential to competent patient care. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that are associated with scores on an assessment of medical students' communication skills in delivering bad news to help develop more effective curricula to enhance these essential skills. Methods:

Sun Ju Im; So Jung Yune; Sang Yeoup Lee; Hae Jin Jeong; Shin Young Kang; Bee Sung Kam; Hyung Gon Yoon; Hyun Ju Choi; Sun Hee Lee; Hae Gue Kim

2008-01-01

44

Recipients’ perspective on breaking bad news: How you put it really makes a difference  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:The goal of this study was to show that physician communication style of breaking bad news affects how the physician is perceived, how satisfied recipients of bad news are with the consultation, and how they feel after the consultation.

Marianne Schmid Mast; Annette Kindlimann; Wolf Langewitz

2005-01-01

45

The development of a structured rating schedule (the BAS) to assess skills in breaking bad news  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been considerable interest in how doctors break bad news, with calls from within the profession and from patients for doctors to improve their communication skills. In order to aid clinical training and assessment of the skills used in breaking bad news there is a need for a reliable, practical and valid, structured rating schedule. Such a rating schedule

S J Miller; T Hope; D C Talbot

1999-01-01

46

A Patient-centered Approach to Breaking Bad News: Communication Guidelines for Health Care Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation takes a patient-centered approach to examining strategies physicians use to deliver bad news to patients. Qualitative data were obtained from 68 patients who had received a message they perceived as negative information from a health care provider. Through grounded theory methodology, patient accounts were examined to reveal four provider strategies for breaking bad news. This investigation underscores the

Lisa Sparks; Melinda M. Villagran; Jessica Parker-Raley; Cory B. Cunningham

2007-01-01

47

[Breaking bad news-a challenge for every physician.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news is one of the most important and challenging physician's duties in routine daily work. It is not unusual that such dialogues take place at the very beginning of a doctor-patient relationship and positively or negatively influence the further course. In cases of critically ill patients or in emergency situations clinicians mostly interact with family members who have to cope with their own distress and with uncertainties of their loved one's disease. It is well accepted that good communication can significantly improve coping with the disease and promote patient compliance as well as better fulfilling family needs. Particular difficulties are the often minimal or lacking information on the counterpart and the family network, the expectations of patients and their families and the inability to predict their reactions. It is always a challenge to honestly deliver bad news to a patient and relatives without destroying their hope. Despite often limited time resources a bond of trust should be built up and the patient should be empowered to participate in shared decision making. PMID:23712179

Schilling, G; Mehnert, A

2013-05-29

48

Breaking bad news: medical undergraduate communication skills teaching and learning.  

PubMed

Teaching on the theme of 'breaking bad news' was selected for special development as part of an introductory course on communication skills for preclinical medial students in 1987. Eight parents of handicapped children and three patients terminally ill with neoplastic diseases cooperated in a series of semi-structured group discussions in which students were encouraged to interact with patients and children. The patients/parents readily assumed the role of teachers and where it was possible, they participated in similar sessions the following year. Analysis of questionnaires indicated that the plan had proved acceptable to patients, relatives and students. Follow-up of student opinion one year later indicated that students felt they had derived benefit from these opportunities to learn first-hand from patients and parents of handicapped children. PMID:2725363

Knox, J D; Thomson, G M

1989-05-01

49

Bad news transmission as a function of the definitiveness of consequences and the relationship between communicator and recipient.  

PubMed

There is ample evidence suggesting (e.g., A. Tesser & S. Rosen, 1975) that people are reluctant to transmit bad news. Research on rumors, on the other hand, suggests that people sometimes are less reluctant to transmit bad news. It is argued that differences between the 2 lines of research include the definitiveness of the consequences of the news and the relationship between communicator and recipient. The influence of these 2 factors on news transmission was investigated in 3 experiments. Results showed that bad news with indefinite consequences was transmitted more often than bad news with definite consequences and that both kinds of bad news were transmitted more often if the recipient was a friend rather than a stranger. Differences in feelings of moral responsibility to transmit the news largely accounted for both effects. The 2 factors did not affect the likelihood of good news transmission. PMID:11300578

Weenig, M W; Groenenboom, A C; Wilke, H A

2001-03-01

50

Bad News Transmission as a Function of the Definitiveness of Consequences and the Relationship Between Communicator and Recipient  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is ample evidence suggesting (e.g., A. Tesser & S. Rosen, 1975) that people are reluctant to transmit bad news. Research on rumors, on the other hand, suggests that people sometimes are less reluctant to transmit bad news. It is argued that differences between the 2 lines of research include the definitiveness of the consequences of the news and the

Mieneke W. H. Weenig; Arieneke C. W. J. Groenenboom; Henk A. M. Wilke

2001-01-01

51

Telling your own bad news: Eliot Spitzer and a test of the stealing thunder strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the concept of stealing thunder, or telling your own bad news. Unlike previous research which used surveys and experiments, this study examined actual news coverage following crises that involved individuals. One case study compared media coverage of two New York governors while the second case study compared media coverage of a high profile athlete and a late

Shelley Wigley

2011-01-01

52

Between Dad and Son: Initiating, Delivering, and Assimilating Bad Cancer News  

Microsoft Academic Search

The opening moments of a phone call reveal how a father informs his son, for the 1st time, that his mom's tumor is malignant. An extended phone opening reveals how delaying talk about the mom's condition allows for important interactional work: Displaying resistance to announce the bad news directly, projecting and anticipat- ing the valence of forthcoming news prior to

Wayne A. Beach

2002-01-01

53

Breaking bad news during prenatal care: a challenge to be tackled.  

PubMed

Communicating an unfavorable diagnosis during prenatal care is a growing challenge in clinical practice, as more and more tests are being performed to screen for the main conditions affecting the pregnant woman and her fetus. The way patients receive and subsequently deal with bad news is directly influenced by how the news is communicated by the attending physician. Unfortunately, physicians receive little or no training in communicating bad news, and they generally feel quite uncomfortable about doing so. Although many physicians consider the saying that "there's no good way to break bad news" to be the truth, the maxim does not reflect the true picture. The scope of this article is to discuss, in light of the scientific literature and the experience of fetal medicine services, some recommendations that can help to deal with these difficult moments and improve patient care for the remainder of the pregnancy. PMID:21655706

Guerra, Fernando Antônio Ramos; Mirlesse, Véronique; Baião, Ana Elisa Rodrigues

2011-05-01

54

[Participation in cardiac rehabilitation after coronary bypass surgery: good news, bad news].  

PubMed

Cardiac rehabilitation programs have the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality and increase quality of life after acute coronary events and coronary bypass surgery (CABG). Unfortunately, the proportion of eligible patients that participate in cardiac rehabilitation remains low, despite coverage of such programs by the Israeli National Health Insurance. A low participation rate is especially prominent in women, elderly, minorities and low socioeconomic classes. In this edition of Harefuah, Gendler et at conducted an interventional study aimed at increasing the participation of patients in cardiac rehabilitation programs after CABG in 5 cardiothoracic wards across Israel. They interviewed 489 patients in the intervention arm and 472 patients in the control arm before surgery and a year later. The intervention included dissemination of information on cardiac rehabilitation to the medical staff and patients. Following the intervention, cardiac rehabilitation increased almost twofold in veteran-Israeli males and females. Although it increased significantly in USSR-born male immigrants, their absolute rate of participation remained low (13.6%). No USSR-born female participated in rehabilitation, either before or after the intervention. The good news is that a simple, inexpensive intervention can increase participation in cardiac rehabilitation after CABG surgery. The bad news is that this potentially lifesaving activity remains unattended by most USSR-born immigrants, and particularly by females. Additional research is required to explore the cultural, social and economic barriers of this phenomenon. PMID:23367745

Henkin, Yaakov

2012-09-01

55

Are we there yet? The state of the evidence base for guidelines on breaking bad news to cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way clinicians break bad news to cancer patients has been retrospectively associated with poor psychosocial outcomes for patients. Education and practice in breaking bad news may be ineffective for improving patients’ well-being unless it is informed by a sound evidence base. In the health field, research efforts are expected to advance evidence over time to inform evidence-based practice. Key

C. L. Paul; T. Clinton-McHarg; R. W. Sanson-Fisher; H. Douglas; G. Webb

2009-01-01

56

“Breaking Bad News”: Standardized Patient Intervention improves communication skills for hematology-oncology fellows and advanced practice nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Breaking bad news is 1 of cancer specialists’ most common and difficult duties, yet hematology-oncology fellowship programs\\u000a typically offer little formal preparation for this daunting task. We designed the Breaking Bad News Standardized Patient Intervention\\u000a (BBNSPI) as a standardized patient educational intervention to improve the communication skills of hematology-oncology fellows\\u000a (HOFs) and advanced practice nurses (APNs) in breaking bad

Ahmed Eid; Michael Petty; Laura Hutchins; Reed Thompson

2009-01-01

57

The meaning of bad news in HIV disease: Counselling about dreaded issues revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV disease is a slow, progressive immunological disorder. As there is neither a cure nor a vaccine, morbidity and mortality arising from HIV infection will continue to challenge health care providers, including those who counsel these patients. Psychological preparation for ‘bad news’ and support for those whose health is deteriorating is an important task in HIV counselling. This paper describes

Robert Bor; Riva Miller; Eleanor Goldman; Isobel Scher

1993-01-01

58

[Case report of a patient with renal cell cancer and his fateful progress - Breaking Bad News].  

PubMed

"Breaking Bad News" outlines a pathway for medical and other professional staff to deliver bad news to patients, clients, their families and carers. Bad news can mean different things to different people. Basically, it means any information which adversely and seriously affects an individual point of view of future or situations without any feeling of hope. The way a doctor or other health or social care professionals deliver bad news places an indelible mark on the doctor/professional-patient relationship. The debate about the levels of truth given to patients about their diagnosis has developed significantly over the last few years. While doctors and professionals now increasingly share information it has been the practice to withhold information because it was believed to be in the best interests of the patient. We discuss the situation of a patient with renal cancer who developed metastases after surgery. Unfortunately a tumour embolism from the kidney flashed into the pulmonary arteries. First it was not for sure if there were any metastases beside the tumour embolus. Months after embolectomy by thoracic surgery there was certain evidence of multiple pulmonary nodal lesions. First and second line chemotherapies failed and the patient died within several months after start of pharmacologic treatment. The case report discusses diagnosis and procedures, how the patient was supported and the way he got information at any critical date. PMID:22328047

Kudlacek, Stefan; Meran, Johannes G

2012-01-01

59

Teaching Physicians How to Break Bad News A 1Day Workshop Using Standardized Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a training program using standardized parents (SPs) to improve the performance of pediatric intensive care fellows in com- municating bad news to parents. Design: Self-controlled crossover design. Setting: Tertiary pediatric intensive care unit in a uni- versity-affiliated children's hospital. Participants: Seven pediatric intensive care fellows and 4 trained volunteers (2 sets of SPs) participated

Vinay U. Vaidya; Larrie W. Greenberg; Kantilal M. Patel; Leslie H. Strauss; Murray M. Pollack

60

Balancing Patient Care and Student Education: Learning to Deliver Bad News in an Optometry Teaching Clinic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning to counsel patients in a teaching clinic or hospital occurs in the presence of the competing agendas of patient care and student education. We wondered about the challenges that these tensions create for clinical novices learning to deliver bad news to patients. In this preliminary study, we audio-taped and transcribed the interviews of…

Spafford, Marlee M.; Schryer, Catherine F.; Creutz, Stefan

2009-01-01

61

Media Selection for the Delivery of Good and Bad News: A Laboratory Experiment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigated the extent to which managers choose different media to convey good versus bad news. A sample of undergraduate students role-played a middle manager's position in a large organization. Each was asked to relay several pieces of good ...

T. C. Head R. W. Griffin T. S. Bateman

1984-01-01

62

The Effects of Bad and Good News on Newspaper Image and Community Image. A Report from the Communications Research Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study tested the hypotheses that the relative amount of bad news and good news in a newspaper would have corresponding effects on perceptions of the newspaper's community of origin and of the newspaper itself. Five different versions of a realistic four-page newspaper were created, in which treatment of the news stories ranged from an…

Haskins , Jack B.

63

Is the Internet Bad News? The Online News Era and the Market for High-Quality News  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review and model the impact of the internet on the production and uptake of high-quality news. Our review of trends in the market for news suggests three stylized facts: i) particular quality news markets are dominated by merely a few providers, ii) demand for quality news appears stable, but provision of news has become specialized; mainstream news is decoupled

Paul Frijters; Malathi Velamuriy

2010-01-01

64

A Synthesis of the Literature on Breaking Bad News or Truth Telling: Potential for Research in India  

PubMed Central

The high incidence of fatal diseases, inequitable access to health care, and socioeconomic disparities in India generate plentiful clinical bad news including diagnosis of a life-limiting disease, poor prognosis, treatment failure, and impending death. These contexts compel health care professionals to become the messengers of bad news to patients and their families. In global literature on breaking bad news, there is very little about such complex clinical interactions occurring in India or guiding health care providers to do it well. The purpose of this article is to identify the issues for future research that would contribute to the volume, comprehensiveness, and quality of empirical literature on breaking bad news in clinical settings across India. Towards this end, we have synthesized the studies done across the globe on breaking bad news, under four themes: (a) deciding the amount of bad news to deliver; (b) attending to cultural and ethical issues; (c) managing psychological distress; and (d) producing competent messengers of bad news. We believe that robust research is inevitable to build an indigenous knowledge base, enhance communicative competence among health care professionals, and thereby to improve the quality of clinical interactions in India.

Martis, Lawrence; Westhues, Anne

2013-01-01

65

A synthesis of the literature on breaking bad news or truth telling: potential for research in India.  

PubMed

The high incidence of fatal diseases, inequitable access to health care, and socioeconomic disparities in India generate plentiful clinical bad news including diagnosis of a life-limiting disease, poor prognosis, treatment failure, and impending death. These contexts compel health care professionals to become the messengers of bad news to patients and their families. In global literature on breaking bad news, there is very little about such complex clinical interactions occurring in India or guiding health care providers to do it well. The purpose of this article is to identify the issues for future research that would contribute to the volume, comprehensiveness, and quality of empirical literature on breaking bad news in clinical settings across India. Towards this end, we have synthesized the studies done across the globe on breaking bad news, under four themes: (a) deciding the amount of bad news to deliver; (b) attending to cultural and ethical issues; (c) managing psychological distress; and (d) producing competent messengers of bad news. We believe that robust research is inevitable to build an indigenous knowledge base, enhance communicative competence among health care professionals, and thereby to improve the quality of clinical interactions in India. PMID:23766589

Martis, Lawrence; Westhues, Anne

2013-01-01

66

Lay people's and health professionals' views about breaking bad news to children.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Bad health news is difficult to communicate, especially when parents must give bad news to their children. METHODS: We had 170 lay persons, 33 nurses and six physicians in Toulouse, France, judge the appropriateness of the parents' behaviour in 64 scenarios of parents dealing with this problem. The scenarios were composed according to a four within-subject orthogonal design: child's age (4, 6, 8 or 10), severity of disease (lethal or worrisome but curable), child's concern or not about his illness and parents' decision about communicating the news (tell nothing, minimize, tell the truth or ask the physician to tell the truth). RESULTS: Cluster analysis revealed four clusters, labelled 'Always Tell the Truth' (33%, including a majority of doctors and nurses), 'Tell Nothing or Minimize' (16%, with an older average age), 'Tell the Truth Except in Cases of Incurable Illness' (22%) and 'Depends on Child's Characteristics' (29%). CONCLUSIONS: Physicians in training and in practice need to be aware that lay people - and likely parents as well - have diverse and complex opinions about when and how parents should give bad health news to their children. PMID:22928950

Muñoz Sastre, M T; Sorum, P C; Mullet, E

2012-08-29

67

The Returns on Human Capital: Good News on Wall Street is Bad News on Main Street  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use a standard single-agent model to conduct a simple consumption growth accounting exercise. Consumption growth is driven by news about current and expected future returns on the market portfolio. We impute the residual of consumption growth innovations that cannot be attributed to either news about financial asset returns or future labor income growth to news about expected future returns

Hanno Lustig; Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

2008-01-01

68

Breaking bad news in obstetrics and gynecology: educational conference for resident physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a To educate the Obstetrics and Gynecology residents about how to conduct conversations about poor prognoses, a panel discus-sion\\u000a was scheduled, with patient-educators teaching about their experiences receiving bad news. The resident physicians reported\\u000a that this conference format was an effective method for teaching this content. The patient-educators appreciated assisting\\u000a the physicians, were comfortable in the conference setting, and reported

J. Romm

2002-01-01

69

[Breaking bad news: "EPICES", a French style as a learning method].  

PubMed

Breaking bad news is a daily task for doctors and nurses. These health professionals may feel powerless to achieve this task and to deal with the emotions that arise in the patient when they are doing so. The interdisciplinary approach and a specific training are essential resources to feel more comfortable in this context. "EPICES", the French translation of the mnemonic acronym "SPIKES", of Buckman, gives a guide for this sensitive practice. PMID:21309184

Teike Lüthi, F; Cantin, B

2011-01-12

70

Personal fear of death affects the proper process of breaking bad news  

PubMed Central

Introduction Breaking bad news may be affected not only by insufficient knowledge of a physician, but also by his attitude, religious beliefs, fears, lack of experience, etc. This survey was aimed to test the relation between physicians’ fear of own death and philosophy of life and their inclination to break bad news. Material and methods One hundred seventy students of the last year of medical faculty filled in a 4-item questionnaire created by the authors. The participants were asked on their opinion on whether to inform patients on upcoming death, as well as fear of their own death and willingness to receive bad news. The last question was aimed to distinguish the respondents based on their determination in philosophy of life. Results Ninety-three percent of respondents think that patients should be informed about unfavorable prognosis but only 86% would like to be informed about their own upcoming death. There is a negative correlation between determination of philosophy of life and fear of own death (p = 0.024), but no correlation between fear of own death and the degree of religiousness (Fisher’s accurate p = 0.18). Persons determined to receive information on their own upcoming death are more prone to inform patients about their upcoming death (? = 0.31; p < 0.0001). Conclusions Personal fear of own death and low level of determination of philosophy of life may restrain medical professionals from breaking bad news to patients. Not only knowledge of the principles, but also personal attitude should be addressed in the curriculum of physician-patient communication education.

Cialkowska-Rysz, Aleksandra

2013-01-01

71

Breaking the bad news: dilemmas in shared decision-making in medical practice.  

PubMed

In a review of the literature, very little empirically based research was uncovered to guide the practice of health professionals who need to tell their patients bad news and help them to decide on their preferred treatment option. Various practising styles and guidelines are presented, and ethical and crosscultural challenges discussed. An enormous amount of research still needs to be done to discover the least stressful ways of dealing with these issues in health care settings. PMID:11813728

Mohr, C; Milgrom, J; Griffiths, M; Nomikoudis, K

1999-03-01

72

Breaking bad news: evaluation study on self-perceived competences and views of medical and nursing students taking part in a collaborative workshop  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goals of the work  To identify possible effects of an interprofessional breaking bad news course for medical and nursing students on perceived key communication skills and to elicit the views of participants on interprofessional aspects of breaking bad news.Participants and methods  Medical and nursing students attending an optional course on breaking bad news received a structured questionnaire on self-perceived communication skills and

Jan Schildmann; Jürgen Härlein; Nicole Burchardi; Mathias Schlögl; Jochen Vollmann

2006-01-01

73

Death in the hospital: Breaking the bad news to the bereaved family.  

PubMed

Informing the family members about the sudden death of their loved one is a highly stressful experience for the treating doctors. Breaking the bad news to the bereaved family needs special skill on the part of the clinicians. An elaborate, step-wise modified action plan for breaking the sad news and grief reduction based on the literature has been presented here. The guidelines mentioned in the article are simply the tips to the clinicians and not to be considered as any form of protocols. Inclusion of this subject into the undergraduate medical curriculum has to be considered. By doing so, we can look forward to produce junior doctors who are better at coping with this awkward but extremely important aspect of clinical medicine. PMID:24082616

Naik, Sadananda B

2013-05-01

74

Death in the hospital: Breaking the bad news to the bereaved family  

PubMed Central

Informing the family members about the sudden death of their loved one is a highly stressful experience for the treating doctors. Breaking the bad news to the bereaved family needs special skill on the part of the clinicians. An elaborate, step-wise modified action plan for breaking the sad news and grief reduction based on the literature has been presented here. The guidelines mentioned in the article are simply the tips to the clinicians and not to be considered as any form of protocols. Inclusion of this subject into the undergraduate medical curriculum has to be considered. By doing so, we can look forward to produce junior doctors who are better at coping with this awkward but extremely important aspect of clinical medicine.

Naik, Sadananda B.

2013-01-01

75

The Sign Effect in Emerging Markets: the Inherent Instability of Bad News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In developed economy market indices, the sign of a term in a series influences the volatility in an asymmetric fashion --- bad news results in larger subsequent fluctuations while good news results in smaller fluctuations. We study this phenomenon of volatility asymmetry using a stochastic process, exploring whether this asymmetry manifests in emerging markets, and if so, how such asymmetry changes over time as economies develop, mature, and react to crises such as the present one. We find that while both developed and emerging markets show distinctive behavior with respect to volatility asymmetry during times of economic tumult, they do so in ways that could be viewed either as universal or qualitatively different, posing interesting questions for further research. B. Podobnik et al., Phys. Rev. E 80, 015101(R) (2009). J. Tenenbaum et al., Phys. Rev. E 82, 046104 (2010).

Tenenbaum, Joel; Podobnik, Boris; Horvatic, Davor; Bajic, Slavica; Pehlivanovic, Beco; Stanley, H. Eugene

2011-03-01

76

Patient communication in radiology: current status of breaking bad news among radiologists and radiology trainees in pakistan.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news can be an intimidating task for any physician. The aim of this study was to record the practices of breaking bad news to the patients by Pakistani radiologists and trainees. The radiologists and trainees attending the 26th National Radiological Conference in October 2010 in Karachi, Pakistan, were surveyed. The response rate was 76%. The respondents included residents (51%), private practicing radiologists (28%), academic radiologists (13%), and other trainees (8%). Most of the academic radiologists communicated with their patients. The daily frequency of breaking bad news by residents was noted, which was highest in the public teaching hospitals (71%). For severe abnormalities such as malignancy, 50% residents, 55% of the academic radiologists and 74% of the private practicing radiologists were very uncomfortable in disclosure of results. Differences in frequency of communication with patients were noticed with both different training levels, and different settings of practice in a developing country. PMID:24112271

Ali Khawaja, Ranish Deedar; Akhtar, Waseem; Khawaja, Ali; Irfan, Hira; Naeem, Mohammad; Memon, Mukhtiar

2013-10-01

77

The Mass Media as Sentinel: Why Bad News About Issues is Good News for Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that negative news coverage of politically relevant social issues stimulates political participation by shaping citizen awareness of collective problems and interest in politics. By drawing citizen attention to social problems that government may attend to, the press acts as a sentinel for the mass public, cuing them to periods when participation is more important. Drawing on an

Paul S. Martin

2008-01-01

78

The Good News-Bad News Effect: Asymmetric Processing of Objective Information about Yourself  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study processing and acquisition of objective information regarding qualities that people care about, intelligence and beauty. Subjects receiving negative feedback did not respect the strength of these signals, were far less predictable in their updating behavior and exhibited an aversion to new information. In response to good news, inference conformed more closely to Bayes' Rule, both in accuracy and

David Eil; Justin M. Rao

2011-01-01

79

The Good News-Bad News Eect: Asymmetric Processing of Objective Information about Yourself  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how individuals' beliefs respond to objective information about their ranking on a neutral quality { a meaningless number on a card { or on a qual- ity that has a signicant self-image component { intelligence or beauty. For favorable news in the image tasks, subjects respected signal strength and update as \\\\optimistic Bayesians,\\

David Eil; Justin M. Rao

80

'I'm not picking up a heart-beat': Experiences of sonographers giving bad news to women during ultrasound scans.  

PubMed

This study explores the experiences of obstetric sonographers imparting diagnostic information which may be considered 'bad news' to expectant mothers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine sonographers at two London Hospitals to elicit their experiences of giving bad news. Themes which emerged then formed the basis for a quantitative survey of 180 practising obstetric sonographers in England. Their perception of what constitutes 'bad news' was examined. It was found that sonographers were predominantly concerned with lack of time and the unpredictability of the patient's reaction when giving bad news. Staff working in settings where there was a clear protocol specifying how to proceed following disclosure of bad news experienced less stress than those working without such a protocol. These findings have implications for psychologists working with patients who suffer pregnancy loss who may consider provision of support and counselling skills training for sonographers. PMID:11802841

Simpson, Rosie; Bor, Robert

2001-06-01

81

Communication and neurology--bad news and how to break them.  

PubMed

How to deliver bad news to patients is a crucial part of medical practice. Many neurological diseases are incurable, progressive and result in physical or cognitive disabilities, which pose special challenges in the process of communication. Information about diagnosis, therapy and prognosis should be given in an appropriate setting and tailored to the patient's needs and cognitive level of functioning. Support and advice to the family and a team-oriented approach in the follow-up of neurological patients are of high importance. Patient autonomy, truth disclosure expectations and the access to other sources of information is important aspects that influence communication. There is a need for a special and continuous focus on communication in the education of neurologists with regard to the specific needs of this field. Attention should be given to the consequences of neurological disease as well as to therapy and prognosis. PMID:21711250

Storstein, A

2011-01-01

82

Perceptions of Receiving Bad News about Cancer among Bone Cancer Patients in Sarawak General Hospital - A Descriptive Study  

PubMed Central

Background: This study aimed to determine the perceptions and expectations of bone cancer patients with respect to their doctors and the breaking of bad news as well as the environment in which the news was delivered. Methods: A cross-sectional study using a pretested 41-item questionnaire was conducted using convenience sampling among bone cancer patients in Sarawak General Hospital. Face-to-face interviews were conducted after consent was obtained. Data were analysed using SPSS version 16 (SPSS Inc., IL, US). Results: A total of 30 patients were interviewed. The majority of the respondents were younger than 40-years-old, Malays, and female. All of the respondents perceived that they received news in a comfortable place, agreed that the doctor used simple language and appropriate words during the interaction, and believed that the way the doctor delivered the news might influence their life. The majority of the respondents reported that their news was received without interruption, that the doctor was sitting close but without making physical contact, and time was given for patient to ask questions and they were informed accordingly. Conclusion: Delivering bad news regarding cancer is an important communication skill and a complex task that can be learned and acquired. Specially tailored training is proposed to improve medical practice in this area.

Cheah, Whye Lian; Dollah, Nurul Bahariah; Chang, Ching Thon

2012-01-01

83

Patient preferences for the delivery of bad news - the experience of a UK Cancer Centre.  

PubMed

The primary aim of this study was to assess how patients would prefer to be given their cancer diagnosis in a typical UK cancer centre. Two hundred and forty-four patients attending the oncology outpatient department at the Leicester Royal Infirmary, UK, were recruited. Patients were invited to complete the Measure of Patients' Preferences questionnaire, write comments on their own experience of the breaking bad news consultation and choose their preferred role in decision making. Over 90% of questionnaires were completed. Patients rated the items addressing the message content of the consultation as more important than the facilitative or the supportive aspects. Over 80% of patients wrote a detailed account of their experiences, of which 60% were satisfied with the consultation. Most of the patients who were dissatisfied commented on the unsympathetic or pessimistic manner of the doctor. The majority of patients wanted a collaborative role in decision making. Regarding the cancer diagnosis, the majority of patients have information needs, want to be involved in treatment decisions and know their prognosis. The difficulty for physicians is how to meet individual information needs, give hope, but not deliver unrealistic expectations. PMID:20148936

Brown, V A; Parker, P A; Furber, L; Thomas, A L

2011-01-01

84

["I am sorry, I have bad news... "- principles in informing patients on the gravity of a disease and the treatment].  

PubMed

The discovery of the appearance of a serious disease, and the necessity for diagnostics, treatment and rehabilitation, particularly when malignity is involved, represents exceptionally stressful news for the patient and his family. Most often this is a task for the physician. In this paper the authors consider the meaning of bad news in unexpected life events which significantly disturb the individual psycho-social ballance of the patient, as well as the familly dynamics and structure. It presents a review of available literature on the subject of the definition of so-called "bad news", the development of approaches in announcement, and current practical approaches and models which assist physicians in helping suffering patients in professional and humane ways. It points out inadequacies in the education of phisicians for this kind of task, and the variety of approaches. With the aim of improving the education of phisicians, and especially clinicians in surgical fields, the authors recommend a number of educational programs: education in the area od psychological and psychiatric aspects of learning of a serious disease, including acute reactions such as depressive states, reactive psychotic states, consumption of alcohol, etc.; education in the area of the family life cycle, and the effect of the disease as an unexpected life crisis on the family dinamic; education in the area of fundamental principles of psycho-and pharmaco-therapy, as well as the provision of support to the patient and his familly; training in the skills of announcing bad news to the patient and his familly through the explanatory presentation of the case and supervised simulation of sessions. PMID:18044324

Dimitrijevi?, I; Kalezi?, N; Risti?, J; Stefanovi?, D; Mili?evi?, M; Bumbasirevi?, M; Suboti?, D; Pavlovi?, D; Vuceti?, C; Ivanovski, P

2007-01-01

85

Breaking bad news to a prospective cross-sectional sample of patients' relatives in a nigerian neurosurgical service.  

PubMed

Objectives: Breaking of medical bad news is anecdotally deemed culturally unacceptable, even intolerable, to native Africans. We explored this hypothesis among a cohort of relatives of patients who had difficult neurosurgical diagnoses in an indigenous practice. Materials and Methods: A semi-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire was used in a cross-sectional survey among a consecutive cohort of surrogates/relatives of concerned patients. Their opinion and preferences regarding the full disclosure of the grave neurosurgical diagnoses, and prognoses, of their wards were analyzed. Results: A total of 114 patients' relatives, 83 (72.8%) females, were sampled. They were mainly young adults, mean age 40.2 (SD 14.2) years; 57% had only basic literacy education; but the majority, 97%, declared themselves to have serious religious commitments. Ninety nine percent of the study participants deemed it desirable that either they or the patients concerned be told the bad news; 80.7% felt that this is best done with both patients and relations in attendance; 3.5% felt only the patients need be told. These preferences are similar to those expressed by the patients themselves in an earlier study. But a nearly significant greater proportion of patients' relatives (15 vs 5%, p?=?0.06) would rather be the only ones to be told the patients' bad news. Conclusion: This data-driven study showed that contrary to anecdotal belief about them, a cohort of native Nigerian-African surrogates of neurosurgical patients was well disposed to receiving, and appeared able to handle well, the full disclosure of difficult medical diagnostic/prognostic information. PMID:23935592

Adeleye, Amos Olufemi; Fatiregun, Akinola A

2013-08-05

86

Molecular Structure of 9-BBN  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

9-Borobicyclo[3.3.1]-nonane (9-BBN) is a solid material that reacts readily with water to form a borinic acid and hydrogen. It is extremely susceptible to air oxidation and may spontaneously combust and therefore is handled in solutions. However, it has limited solubility in hydrocarbons, ethers, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. 9-BBN is mainly used for regioselective hydroboration reactions and also valuable in selected functional group reductions. It is an excellent reagent for the preparation of boron containing polymers for polymer derivatization. It is also used as a mild reducing agent for ketones and aldehydes.

2002-08-15

87

Attitudes of Polish Physicians and Medical Students toward Breaking Bad News, Euthanasia and Morphine Administration in Cancer Patients.  

PubMed

Medical students and physicians should possess basic knowledge concerning medical ethics and palliative care. The aim of the study was to explore the knowledge on the end-of-life ethics and palliative care in third-year medical students and physicians during internal medicine specialty training and their attitude towards breaking bad news and euthanasia. A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire survey with the participation of 401 students and 217 physicians filled after lectures concerning ethics for medical students and after palliative medicine course for physicians during internal medicine specialty training. A total of 28 % students and 24 % physicians (p?=?0.282) were ready to reveal full information to advanced cancer patients. A total of 82 % of students and 90 % of physicians (p?=?0.008) would not practice euthanasia; 67 % of students and 75 % of physicians (p?=?0.039) were opponents of euthanasia legalisation. A total of 70 % doctors and 23 % students indicated oral as the most preferable route of morphine administration. A total of 74 % physicians and 43 % students stated that there is no maximal dose of morphine; 64 % of doctors and 6 % of students indicated constipation as a constant adverse effect of morphine. Breaking bad news is a significant difficulty for both students and physicians. There is a small percentage of those tending to practice euthanasia and bigger accepting its legalisation with fewer physicians than students. In contrast to medical students, the majority of physicians have knowledge concerning chronic morphine use in the treatment of cancer patients. PMID:24170311

Leppert, Wojciech; Majkowicz, Mikolaj; Forycka, Maria

2013-12-01

88

Bad News and First Impressions: Patient and Family Caregiver Accounts of Learning the Cancer Diagnosis  

PubMed Central

Studies in medical journals regarding the delivery of a cancer diagnosis typically focus on a single clinic episode where the definitive news is disclosed to the patient by the physician. Far less research characterizes the diagnosis in the way patients and their family members often describe it: as a longitudinal, multi-sited search process culminating in a news-telling and realization event. This article analyzes lay accounts of learning a cancer diagnosis drawing on ethnographic interviews among a purposive sample of 28 patients recently diagnosed with leukemia, myeloma, or lymphoma and 30 of their family caregivers. The participants, recruited at a large cancer center in the United States, were asked to describe “the day” they learned the diagnosis. Narrative analysis revealed that in almost every case, detailed descriptions of preliminary events -- such as the pace and sequence of testing; smooth or disorganized transitions between care providers; and the timeliness or delays in diagnosis – were used to contextualize the actual episode of hearing the diagnosis and reacting to the news. This study finds that patients’ and caregivers’ experience of the medical system prior to hearing the news played an important role in the way the news was ultimately internalized. The findings also provide empirical support for integrating lay perspectives on the diagnostic experience into future cancer disclosure guidelines.

Schaepe, Karen Sue

2011-01-01

89

There is no news like bad news: women are more remembering and stress reactive after reading real negative news than men.  

PubMed

With the advent of specialized television channels offering 24-hour coverage, Internet and smart phones, the possibility to be constantly in contact with the media has increased dramatically in the last decades. Despite this higher access to knowledge, the impact media exposure has on healthy individuals remains poorly studied. Given that most information conveyed in the media is negative and that upon perception of threat, the brain activates the stress system, which leads to cortisol secretion, we decided to determine how healthy individuals react to media information. Accordingly, we investigated whether reading real negative news (1) is physiologically stressful, (2) modulates one's propensity to be stress reactive to a subsequent stressor and (3) modulates remembrance for these news. Sixty participants (30 women, 30 men) were randomly assigned to either twenty-four real neutral news excerpts or to twenty-four real negative excerpts for 10 minutes. They were then all exposed to a well-validated psychosocial stressor, the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), which consists of an anticipation phase of 10 minutes and a test phase of 10 minutes. A total of eight salivary cortisol samples were collected, at 10-minutes intervals, throughout the experimental procedure. One day later, a free recall of the news was performed. Results showed that although reading negative news did not lead to change in cortisol levels (p>0.05), it led to a significant increase in cortisol to a subsequent stressor in women only (p<0.001). Also, women in the negative news condition experienced better memory for these news excerpts compared to men (p<0.01). These results suggest a potential mechanism by which media exposure could increase stress reactivity and memory for negative news in women. PMID:23071755

Marin, Marie-France; Morin-Major, Julie-Katia; Schramek, Tania E; Beaupré, Annick; Perna, Andrea; Juster, Robert-Paul; Lupien, Sonia J

2012-10-10

90

AlterBBN: A program for calculating the BBN abundances of the elements in alternative cosmologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe AlterBBN, a public C program for evaluating the abundances of the elements generated by Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). This program enables the user to compute the abundances of the elements in the Standard Model of cosmology, and additionally provides possibilities to alter the assumptions of the cosmological model in order to study their consequences on the abundances of the elements. In particular the baryon-to-photon ratio, the effective number of neutrinos and the neutron lifetime, as well as the expansion rate and the entropy content of the Universe during BBN can be modified in AlterBBN. Such features allow the user to test the cosmological models by confronting them to BBN constraints. A presentation of the physics of BBN and the features of AlterBBN is provided here under the form of a manual.

Arbey, A.

2012-08-01

91

Progress toward the 1990 objectives for sexually transmitted diseases: good news and bad.  

PubMed

The problem of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States has been growing, in both scope and complexity, at an alarming rate. As evidence of the emergence of these diseases as a primary national concern, the Surgeon General has designated them as 1 of 15 priority areas in which further actions are required to improve the health of the American people. The key targets for the 1990 objectives for the nation in the STD area include reducing the incidence of gonorrhea; gonococcal pelvic inflammatory disease; and primary, secondary, and congenital syphilis. This report updates progress toward these objectives. There is good news with respect to the continuing success of proven methods in preventing and controlling both gonorrhea and syphilis. However, the picture is less bright with respect to control of other STDs that have gained new prominence--Chlamydia, herpesvirus, human papillomavirus, and human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III infections. Escalating interest in STDs reflects more recent appreciation of their relation to reproductive outcomes. STD organisms clearly have a far-reaching effect on the nation's population, including the capacity to reproduce, the rate of perinatal infection, the incidence of genital cancers, and the occurrence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Some major hurdles still must be faced before the 1990 objectives can be successfully met. The population at risk will remain large, fueling the STD epidemic and taxing existing resources. Public sector support may not keep up with inflation, much less keep pace with the expanding spectrum of sexually transmitted disease. From a public health vantage, however, the opportunities for further advances in controlling STDs have never been greater. PMID:3923531

Parra, W C; Cates, W

92

NYU\\/BBN 1994 CSR Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

NYU's research objective is to deter- mine whether non-local, linguistically-based word preferences can be used to enhance speech recognition. We are working jointly with BBN, and our system takes as input the N-best hypotheses generated by BBN (with acoustic and n-gram language model scores for each hypothesis). Our goal is to generate scores based on both intersen- tential dependencies (related

Satoshi Sekine; John Sterling; Ralph Grishman; BBN Speech; Recognizer N-best

1995-01-01

93

AlterBBN: A program for calculating the BBN abundances of the elements in alternative cosmologies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe AlterBBN, a public C program for evaluating the abundances of the elements generated by Big-Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). This program enables the user to compute the abundances of the elements in the standard model of cosmology, and additionally provides possibilities to alter the assumptions of the cosmological model in order to study their consequences on the abundances of the elements. In particular the baryon-to-photon ratio and the effective number of neutrinos, as well as the expansion rate and the entropy content of the Universe during BBN can be modified in AlterBBN. Such features allow the user to test the cosmological models by confronting them to BBN constraints.

Arbey, Alexandre

2011-06-01

94

Network Tv News Framing of Good Vs. Bad Economic News under Democrat and Republican Presidents: A Lexical Analysis of Political Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study attempts to avoid the subjectivity problems of most news bias content analyses by using objective criteria to select network news stories to be analyzed (reports of changes of +\\/? 2% in Dow Jones scores) and computerized coding. The time periods covered were the first six years of both the Bill Clinton (N = 127 stories) and George

Dennis T. Lowry

2008-01-01

95

BYBLOS: The BBN continuous speech recognition system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe BYBLOS, the BBN continuous speech recognition system. The system, designed for large vocabulary applications, integrates acoustic, phonetic, lexical, and linguistic knowledge sources to achieve high recognition performance. The basic approach, as described in previous papers [1, 2], makes extensive use of robust context-dependent models of phonetic coarticulation using Hidden Markov Models (HMM). We describe the

Y. Chow; M. Dunham; O. Kimball; M. Krasner; G. Kubala; J. Makhoul; P. Price; S. Roucos; R. Schwartz

1987-01-01

96

Teens' Antisocial Texts May Foretell Bad Behavior  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Teens' Antisocial Texts May Foretell Bad Behavior But teenagers also use ... Violence FRIDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who text about bad behaviors such as drug use or ...

97

BBN TC2000 architecture and progamming models  

SciTech Connect

The BBN TC2000 is a scalable general purpose parallel architecture capable of efficiently supporting both shared memory and message passing programming paradigms. We describe the TC2000 machine architecture and the programming models which we have implemented on it. The parallel programming models are implemented in a portable manner and will be useful on the scalable shared memory machines we expect to see in the future.

Brooks, E.D. III; Gorda, B.C.; Warren, K.H.; Welcome, T.S.

1990-11-01

98

Tracking the post-BBN evolution of deuterium  

SciTech Connect

The primordial abundance of deuterium produced during Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) depends sensitively on the universal ratio of baryons to photons, an important cosmological parameter probed independently by the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation. Observations of deuterium in high-redshift, low-metallicity QSO Absorption Line Systems (QSOALS) provide a key baryometer, determining the baryon abundance at the time of BBN to a precision of {approx}5%. Alternatively, if the CMB-determined baryon to photon ratio is used in the BBN calculation of the primordial abundances, the BBN-predicted deuterium abundance may be compared with the primordial value inferred from the QSOALS, testing the standard cosmological model. In the post-BBN universe, as gas is cycled through stars, deuterium is only destroyed so that its abundance measured anytime, anywhere in the Universe, bounds the primordial abundance from below. Constraints on models of post-BBN Galactic chemical evolution follow from a comparison of the relic deuterium abundance with the FUSE-inferred deuterium abundances in the chemically enriched, stellar processed material of the local ISM.

Steigman, Gary [Departments of Physics and Astronomy Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Avenue Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2009-05-24

99

Africa: It's good news, bad news - again  

SciTech Connect

This article presents the outlook for African petroleum. Observations include: Nigerian oil revenues will be $6-7 billion this year, down 50% from '84; Egyptian drillers are still going strong in the Western Desert and Gulf of Suez; Algeria is looking for natural gas buyers, and they have plenty of gas to sell-cheap; Even with new petroleum legislation, Tunisian production and reserves are falling; Libya's bozo leader is feeling the effects of falling oil revenues and falling bombs; Angola continues as a hot spot of activity with 42 successful oil strikes last year; Crude production jumped 29% in Cameroun last year with three new fields onstream; Congo is another West African winner due to major commitments by Elf and Agip.

Not Available

1986-08-01

100

Herbal Meds, Cosmetic Surgery a Bad Mix  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Herbal Meds, Cosmetic Surgery a Bad Mix: Experts Despite risks, nearly ... Complementary and Alternative Medicine Dietary Supplements Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery FRIDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- About half ...

101

[Breaking bad news: cancer diagnosis].  

PubMed

The announcement of cancer diagnosis is always a traumatic state. For a long time, the physicians have been embarrassed to cope with emotional behaviours of their patients and received not enough help. In France, the "Plan Cancer" tries to organize the time of announcement. It constitutes an overhang which doesn't have to lead to imagine the existence of an "easy and simple solution". Psycho-oncology tries to support patients and medical staffs and must help everyone to understand expectations and limits in this field. PMID:17274501

Pélicier, Nicole

2006-11-30

102

Personal genomes: no bad news?  

PubMed

Issues in genetics and genomics have been centre stage in Bioethics for much of its history, and have given rise to both negative and positive imagined futures. Ten years after the completion of the Human Genome Project, it is a good time to assess developments. The promise of whole genome sequencing of individuals requires reflection on personalization, genetic determinism, and privacy. PMID:21175708

Chadwick, Ruth

2011-02-01

103

PERSONAL GENOMES: NO BAD NEWS?  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACTIssues in genetics and genomics have been centre stage in Bioethics for much of its history, and have given rise to both negative and positive imagined futures. Ten years after the completion of the Human Genome Project, it is a good time to assess developments. The promise of whole genome sequencing of individuals requires reflection on personalization, genetic determinism, and

RUTH CHADWICK

2011-01-01

104

Bad news for tracking quintessence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent global fit to the cosmological parameters shows that the smooth energy is static (cosmological constant) or nearly static EOS parameter w = P/? < 0.85 (1?). For Tracking Quintessence, this implies that the potential is now slow-rolling. If it exists, such Quintessence is practically indistinguishable from a cosmological constant and is not tracking, i.e. the present Universe is sensitive to initial conditions, thus removing the theoretical motivation for Quintessence, in the first place.

Bludman, S. A.

105

Bad Breath  

MedlinePLUS

... breath? Maybe you shouldn't have put extra onions on your hamburger at lunch. What's a kid ... bad breath: foods and drinks, such as garlic, onions, cheese, orange juice, and soda poor dental hygiene ( ...

106

Turning Bad News into a Teaching Moment: Using the Exploring Humanitarian Law Curriculum to Teach about the Impact of War and Natural Disaster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a disaster, or in the midst of a conflict, the news that finds its way into people's homes has a uniquely powerful effect on their psyche. Vulnerable people are caught in destructive forces beyond their control. The scenes people see are post-apocalyptic. The stories are gripping, spanning themes of luck, loss, hope, love, and wild fear,…

Morgan, Mat

2010-01-01

107

Turning Bad News into a Teaching Moment: Using the Exploring Humanitarian Law Curriculum to Teach about the Impact of War and Natural Disaster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After a disaster, or in the midst of a conflict, the news that finds its way into people's homes has a uniquely powerful effect on their psyche. Vulnerable people are caught in destructive forces beyond their control. The scenes people see are post-apocalyptic. The stories are gripping, spanning themes of luck, loss, hope, love, and wild fear,…

Morgan, Mat

2010-01-01

108

Bad Breath  

MedlinePLUS

... if you don't brush and floss regularly. Bacteria that build up in your mouth and between your teeth produce the bad odor. Other problems in your mouth, such as gum disease, dry mouth or cavities, may also cause it. ...

109

Scandal Clouds News Corporation's Move into Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News

Quillen, Ian

2011-01-01

110

Scandal Clouds News Corporation's Move into Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News

Quillen, Ian

2011-01-01

111

Breaking bad news: realistic versus unrealistic hopes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hope is an essential aspect of the therapeutic relationship between cancer patients and their carers. Realistic hopes provide considerable support, whereas unrealistic hopes can be destructive by impairing the ability to make appropriate decisions about future plans, treatment, and issues of personal importance. Realistic hopes exist for cancer patients at all stages of their illness. Provision of realistic hope facilitates

Matthew Links; Jocelyn Kramer

1994-01-01

112

A better way to deliver bad news.  

PubMed

In an ideal world, a subordinate would accept critical feedback from a manager with an open mind. He or she would ask a few clarifying questions, promise to work on certain performance areas, and show signs of improvement over time. But things don't always turn out that way. Such conversations can be unpleasant. Emotions can run high; tempers can flare. Fearing that the employee will become angry and defensive, the boss all too often inadvertently sabotages the meeting by preparing for it in a way that stifles honest discussion. This unintentional--indeed, unconscious--stress-induced habit makes it difficult to deliver corrective feedback effectively. Insead professor Jean-François Manzoni says that by changing the mind-set with which they develop and deliver negative feedback, managers can increase their odds of having productive conversations without damaging relationships. Manzoni describes two behavioral phenomena that color the feedback process--the fundamental attribution error and the false consensus effect--and uses real-world examples to demonstrate how bosses' critiques can go astray. Managers tend to frame difficult situations and decisions in a way that is narrow (alternatives aren't considered) and binary (there are only two possible outcomes--win or lose). And during the feedback discussion, managers' framing of the issues often remains frozen, regardless of the direction the conversation takes. Manzoni advises managers not to just settle on the first acceptable explanation for a behavior or situation they've witnessed. Bosses also need to consider an employee's circumstances rather than just attributing weak performance to a person's disposition. In short, delivering more effective feedback requires an open-minded approach, one that will convince employees that the process is fair and that the boss is ready for an honest conversation. PMID:12227144

Manzoni, Jean-François

2002-09-01

113

A rhetorical approach to news discourse: Media representations of a controversial study on ‘Reparative Therapy’  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, concepts from rhetorical theory and discourse analysis are combined to illustrate an approach to analyzing news discourse, particularly about controversial science. Specifically, it is shown how macro?news frames and micro?linguistic choices in news texts combine to accomplish the rhetorical goal of demarcating good science from bad science by creating presence for certain interpretations of the news story

Craig O. Stewart

2005-01-01

114

Optimal Bundling: Some Good News and Some Bad News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the multidimensional screening problem of a pro…t-maximizing monop- olist who designs and sells goods with multiple indivisible attributes. The buyer's utility is linear in the probabilities of obtaining the attributes. The values of the attributes are buyer's private information. The paper solves the seller's problem for an arbitrary number of at- tributes when there are two types

Marek Pycia; Penn State

115

Large-Scale Parallel Programming: Experience with the BBN Butterfly Parallel Processor  

Microsoft Academic Search

For three years, members of the Computer Science Depart- ment at the University of Rochester have used a collection of BBN Butterfly TM Parallel Processors to conduct research in parallel systems and applications. For most of that time, Rochester's 128-node machine has had the distinc- tion of being the largest shared-memory multiprocessor in the world. In the course of our

Thomas J. LeBlanc; Michael L. Scott; Christopher M. Brown

1988-01-01

116

Is death a bad thing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Death is a bad thing; so, consolation that minimizes that badness must fail The philosophers whose reasoning this is do not offer any consolation of their own. That death is bad seems so obvious to them that they concentrate on explaining why it is bad and do not explain what needs explaining, how the claim that it is bad is

Don S. Levi

1998-01-01

117

Bad Bug Book (Second Edition)  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Foodborne Illness & Contaminants. Causes of Foodborne Illness: Bad Bug Book. -. Bad Bug Book (Second Edition). ... Bad Bug Book 1st Edition. -. -. -. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/causesofillnessbadbugbook

118

Teaching bad objects: Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the classroom ‘bad cinema’ is often determined as much by questions of pedagogical value as it is by cultural and\\/or aesthetic value. These three short papers explore some of the diverse ways in which teaching ‘bad’ film and television raises questions about the relations between cultural value and pedagogical value. Through reflections on particular teaching experiences, these papers contribute

Jodi Brooks

2010-01-01

119

Bad news about bad news: the disclosure of risks to insurability in research consent processes.  

PubMed

One of the phenomena associated with research is "incidental findings," that is, unexpected findings made during the research, and outside the scope of the research, which have potential health importance. One underappreciated risk of incidental findings is the potential loss of the research subject's insurability; or if a research subject fails to disclose incidental findings when applying for insurance, the insurance contract may be voidable by the insurer. In this article, we seek to explain the insurability risks associated with incidental findings and to make recommendations for how researchers and research ethics committees should address the issue of disclosure of these risks. PMID:21287413

Apold, Victoria Smith; Downie, Jocelyn

2011-01-01

120

Implementing Particle-In-Cell Plasma Simulation Code on the BBN TC2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The BBN TC2000 is a multiple instruction, multiple data (MIMD) machine that combines a physically distributed memory with a logically shared memory programming environment using the unique Butterfly switch. Particle-In-Cell (PIC) plasma simulations model the interaction of charged particles with electric and magnetic fields. This presentation describes the implementation of both a 1-D electrostatic and a 2 1\\/2-D electromagnetic PIC

Judy E. Sturtevant; A. B. Maccabe

1990-01-01

121

Bad Bug Book  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionPage 1. Bad Bug Book Handbook of Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Introduction Food safety ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants

122

Superconductivity in bad metals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is argued that many synthetic metals, including high temperature superconductors are ''bad metals'' with such a poor conductivity that the usual mean-field theory of superconductivity breaks down because of anomalously large classical and quantum fluct...

V. J. Emery S. A. Kivelson

1995-01-01

123

Bad Reaction to Cosmetics?  

MedlinePLUS

... Tobacco Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Bad Reaction to Cosmetics? Tell FDA Search the Consumer Updates Section Lash ... M.D., director of the agency’s Office of Cosmetics and Colors. “So, consumers are one of FDA’s ...

124

BadAds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The creators of BadAds believe that advertising has become far too intrusive in American lives. Along with TV, magazine, radio ads, and billboards, advertisements and commercials are popping up in movie theatres, schools, public bathrooms, and even on stickers on fruit. Four criteria determine whether advertising is intrusive: an inability to turn the ad off; its entrance into your home without your consent; your lack of choice whether or not to watch it; and ads that don't support anything in particular and may actually cost you money. Rather than just venting about intrusive advertising, BadAds urges visitors to become active in the fight against bad ads by writing complaint letters to a host of venues that support intrusive advertising including movie theaters, sporting venues, television networks, and the heads of educational institutions. BadAds offers instructions on writing complaint letters as well as many suggestions as to who should receive these letters.

125

News Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

People worldwide rely on the news media to report current events accurately and without bias. TV and radio have been available for decades to report the news, but the Internet is rapidly becoming a major source for instantaneous news. During and following the events of September 11, users with access to the Internet watched the terrorist attacks of September unfold

M. Sandra Wood

2001-01-01

126

Confirmatory News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how competition in the media affects the quality of news. In our model, demand for news depends on the market perception of the media's ability to receive correct information: it is positive if and only if news is potentially useful for the voting decision. When the media receives information which contradics commonly shared priors, it either reports

Elena Panova

2009-01-01

127

The PCP/PFP programming models on the BBN TC2000  

SciTech Connect

We describe the PCP/PFP programming models which we are using on the BBN TC2000. The parallel programming models are implemented in a portable manner and will be useful on the scalable shared memory machines we expect to see in the future. We then describe the TC2000 machine architecture which is a scalable general purpose parallel architecture capable of efficiently supporting both shared memory and message passing programming paradigms. We also briefly describe a PCP implementation of the Gauss elimination algorithm which exploits the large local memories on the TC2000.

Brooks, E.D. III; Gorda, B.C.; Warren, K.H.

1991-03-01

128

The path to metallicity: Synthesis of CNO elements in standard BBN  

SciTech Connect

We perform a reanalysis of the production of CNO elements in a standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis scenario. The CNO yields in BBN are suppressed by the low density of the plasma, Coulomb barrier effects and the short time scales involved. Yet, the inclusion of nuclides and reactions traditionally disregarded may lead to an increase relevant enough to affect the pristine Population III stars. After a critical reanalysis and upgrade of the nuclear network our results show no major discrepancies with the ones obtained using a smaller nuclear network. The robustness of the standard predictions--the early generation of star developed in a metal-free environment--is confirmed.

Iocco, Fabio; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Mangano, G.; Miele, G.; Pisanti, O.; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples; Serpico, P.D.; /Fermilab

2007-02-01

129

Superconductivity in bad metals  

SciTech Connect

It is argued that many synthetic metals, including high temperature superconductors are ``bad metals`` with such a poor conductivity that the usual mean-field theory of superconductivity breaks down because of anomalously large classical and quantum fluctuations of the phase of the superconducting order parameter. Some consequences for high temperature superconductors are described.

Emery, V.J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics; Kivelson, S.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1995-12-31

130

What Causes Bad Breath?  

MedlinePLUS

... Some sugar-free gums and mints can temporarily mask odors, too. If you brush and floss properly and visit your dentist for regular cleanings, but your bad breath persists, you may have a medical problem like sinusitis or gum disease . Call your ...

131

Stars Behaving Badly  

Microsoft Academic Search

There appears to be a high degree of public tolerance for celebrities who misbehave and break the law. This has given rise to concerns that celebrities are bad role models who are glamorizing antisocial behaviour. However, it would be wrong to suggest that celebrity antics are uniformly tolerated and accepted by the public. The reputation of some celebrities is undoubtedly

Lieve Gies

2011-01-01

132

Gravitino dark matter and the lithium primordial abundance within a pre-BBN modified expansion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present supersymmetric scenarios with gravitino LSP and stau NLSP in the case of a non-standard model of cosmology with the addition of a dark component in the pre-BBN era. In the context of the standard model of cosmology, gravitino LSP has drawn quite some attention as it is a good candidate for dark matter. It is produced in scattering processes during reheating after inflation and from the decay of the stau. With a long lifetime, the stau decays during Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. It is strongly constrained by the abundance of light elements but can however address the known ``BBN lithium problem''. It requires fairly massive staus mtilde taugtrsim 1TeV and puts an upper bound on the reheating temperature TR simeq 107 GeV which does not satisfy the requirements for thermal leptogenesis. For the non-standard cosmological scenario, the reheating temperature bound can be strongly relaxed TR gg 109GeV and the lithium-7 problem solved with a stau typical mass of mtilde tau ~ 600-700 GeV and down to ~ 400GeV with a very important dark component that could enable possible production and detection at the LHC.

Bailly, Sean

2011-03-01

133

Bad Clouds FAQ  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The answers on this page were written in response to questions from readers of the Bad Meteorology pages. Although the questions presented here are often ones asked by a specific person, each is chosen to characterize a group of similar questions which have been asked about the topic. Topics include: the vapor-holding capacity of air, reasoning and prediction, relative humidity, and boiling point.

Fraser, Alistair

134

Is Media Bias Bad?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contrary to the common sentiment, I argue that consumers are better off with biased media firms rather than unbiased ones. To make such an argument, I use a simple communication game between potentially biased experts (media firms) and a decision maker (news consumers). In the game, information is costly for experts to acquire, all parameters are common knowledge, and reported

Viola Chen

135

Using BBN for Integrating Human and Organisational Factors in Risk Analysis. A Case Study for the Marine Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel approach for integrating human and organisational factors into risk analysis. This approach has been developed and applied to a case study in the marine industry, but it can be utilised in other industrial sectors. The approach consists of a BBN model of the maritime transport system that has been developed by taking into account the

Mauro Pedrali; Paolo Trucco; Enrico Cagno; Fabrizio Ruggeri

136

A Comparison of BBN, ADTree and MLP in separating Quasars from Large Survey Catalogues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We compare the performance of Bayesian Belief Networks (BBN), Multilayer Perception (MLP) networks and Alternating Decision Trees (ADtree) on separating quasars from stars with the database from the 2MASS and FIRST survey catalogs. Having a training sample of sources of known object types, the classifiers are trained to separate quasars from stars. By the statistical properties of the sample, the features important for classification are selected. We compare the classification results with and without feature selection. Experiments show that the results with feature selection are better than those without feature selection. From the high accuracy found, it is concluded that these automated methods are robust and effective for classifying point sources. They may all be applied to large survey projects (e.g. selecting input catalogs) and for other astronomical issues, such as the parameter measurement of stars and the redshift estimation of galaxies and quasars.

Zhang, Yan-Xia; Zhao, Yong-Heng

2007-04-01

137

News Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A set of recursive relations called NEWS (for New-Product Early Warning System) is here presented in its own right as a separable part of the DEMON System for marketing new products. NEWS is designed to distinguish the variables and relations that are usu...

A. Charnes W. W. Cooper J. K. Devoe D. B. Learner L. Light

1968-01-01

138

RFID News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For additional updates on the development of RFID technology, RFID News maintains current news about emerging standards (including the controversial ISO 11784/85 standard), innovative applications, and general issues. Some topics covered include pet identification devices, intellectual property, and court cases involving RFID.

2008-05-13

139

Transponder News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Transponder News offers several articles that explore the technology of radio frequency identification (RFID) in greater detail. Topics include choosing the frequency, types of RFID systems, suppliers, trends, and technical reports. Visitors will also find links to interviews, standards, and registration for Transponder News' newsletter of site updates.

Marsh, Mike

1969-12-31

140

News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The news media provides a public forum that educates and informs the government and the governed. The tension between news as a business commodity and public good affects newsgathering and dissemination--what the public wants to know and what they need to...

J. Benfer J. Bohr J. Chambers R. Castellvi W. Beard

2004-01-01

141

Pulse News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be quite fun to read the news, but about what the beauty of viewing a clutch of colorful news sites? Pulse is an "elegant news reading application" designed for the iPhone, Android, and other mobile devices. The application uses colorful panning story bars and populates them with content from sources (such as CNN, the BBC, and so on) selected by the user. Visitors can sign up for a free account, and they will also want to read over the FAQ section on the site.

2012-02-03

142

News & Events  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Transparency; Website Policies. FDA. US Food and Drug ... 888-463-6332) Email FDA. USA.gov; E ... International Programs; News & Events; Training and ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/newsevents

143

Functional group chemistry at intramolecular frustrated Lewis pairs: substituent exchange at the Lewis acid site with 9-BBN.  

PubMed

The vicinal frustrated P/B Lewis pair (FLP) Mes(2)PCH(2)CH(2)B(C(6)F(5))(2) reacts with 9-borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane (9-BBN) by C(6)F(5)vs. H exchange at boron to give the new [B]-H functionalized FLP Mes(2)PCH(2)CH(2)B(H)(C(6)F(5)) (4) and 9-C(6)F(5)-BBN. The latter was characterized as an isonitrile adduct by X-ray diffraction. The new FLP 4 forms an adduct with pyridine and it undergoes clean hydroboration reactions with 1-pentyne or added styrene or dimesitylvinylphosphane. The products formed stable adducts with pyridine; two such examples were also characterized by X-ray crystal structure analysis. A similar alkyl vs. hydrogen exchange was observed upon treatment of an Al/N based Lewis pair, iBu(2)Al-(Me(3)Si)C=C(H)-N(CH(2)CH(2))(2)NMe (14), with 9-BBN. PMID:23014979

Erdmann, Markus; Rösener, Christian; Holtrichter-Rößmann, Thorsten; Daniliuc, Constantin G; Fröhlich, Roland; Uhl, Werner; Würthwein, Ernst-Ulrich; Kehr, Gerald; Erker, Gerhard

2013-01-21

144

The Bad News and the Good about Nuclear Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces the changes in the nuclear energy field since World War II, citing distinct periods of growth in the nuclear industry, as well as downtrends. Analyzes the reasons for the changes in public support for nuclear energy and the impact upon careers in the field. (TW)|

Basta, Nicholas

1986-01-01

145

Breaking Bad News of Cancer to People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the 1970s, medical staff have routinely disclosed the diagnosis of cancer to their patients. However, this has often been carried out unskilfully causing distress to the patient and impairing their ability to comply with treatment. In response, the government has invested in "Advanced Communication Skills training" for oncology staff.…

McEnhill, Linda S.

2008-01-01

146

How doctors record breaking bad news in ovarian cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revealing the diagnosis of cancer to patients is a key event in their cancer journey. At present, there are no minimal legal recommendations for documenting such consultations. We reviewed the Hospital records of 359 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer in the Mersey Area between 1992 and 1994. We identified the following factors: age, hospital, postcode, surgeon, stage of disease and

J M Kirwan; D G Tincello; T Lavender; R E Kingston

2003-01-01

147

A free press is bad news for corruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests the proposition that a free press may be a powerful control on corruption. We find evidence of a significant relationship between more press freedom and less corruption in a large cross-section of countries. This result is robust to specification and sample and the relationship is not sensitive to the choice of a particular measure of corruption or

Aymo Brunetti; Beatrice Weder

2003-01-01

148

Voluntary environmental agreements: Good or bad news for environmental protection?  

SciTech Connect

There has been growing interest in the use of voluntary agreements (VAs) as an environmental policy tool. This article uses a simple model to determine whether VAs are likely to lead to efficient environmental protection. The authors consider cases where polluters are induced to participate either by a background threat of mandatory controls (the stick approach) or by cost-sharing subsidies (the carrot approach). The results suggest that the overall impact on environmental quality could be positive or negative, depending on a number of factors, including the allocation of bargaining power, the magnitude of the background threat, and the social cost of funds.

Segerson, K.; Miceli, T.J. [Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States). Dept. of Economics

1998-09-01

149

Good Friends, Bad News - Affect and Virality in Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The link between affect, defined as the capacity for sentimental arousal on\\u000athe part of a message, and virality, defined as the probability that it be sent\\u000aalong, is of significant theoretical and practical importance, e.g. for viral\\u000amarketing. A quantitative study of emailing of articles from the NY Times finds\\u000aa strong link between positive affect and virality, and,

Lars Kai Hansen; Adam Arvidsson; Finn Aarup Nielsen; Elanor Colleoni; Michael Etter

2011-01-01

150

Good news—Bad press: Applied psychophysiology in cardiovascular disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dysregulation in blood pressure control can occur as a result of psychological stress in either the hypertensive or hypotensive direction. Applied psychophysiological techniques incorporating biofeedback and relaxation have been shown to be efficacious in controlled studies of hypertensive patients. Electromyograph, thermal, skin conductance and direct blood pressure feedback have been utilized alone or in combination with relaxation, blood pressure monitoring,

Angele McGrady

1996-01-01

151

Breaking Bad News of Cancer to People with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1970s, medical staff have routinely disclosed the diagnosis of cancer to their patients. However, this has often been carried out unskilfully causing distress to the patient and impairing their ability to comply with treatment. In response, the government has invested in "Advanced Communication Skills training" for oncology staff.…

McEnhill, Linda S.

2008-01-01

152

The Bad News and the Good about Nuclear Careers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the changes in the nuclear energy field since World War II, citing distinct periods of growth in the nuclear industry, as well as downtrends. Analyzes the reasons for the changes in public support for nuclear energy and the impact upon careers in the field. (TW)

Basta, Nicholas

1986-01-01

153

Bad Bug Book (Second Edition)  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... The Bad Bug Book 2nd Edition, released in 2012, provides current information about the major known agents that cause foodborne illness. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/causesofillnessbadbugbook

154

Managing away bad habits.  

PubMed

We've all worked with highly competent people who are held back by a seemingly fatal personality flaw. One person takes on too much work; another sees the downside in every proposed change; a third pushes people out of the way. At best, people with these "bad habits" create their own glass ceilings, which limit their success and their contributions to the company. At worst, they destroy their own careers. Although the psychological flaws of such individuals run deep, their managers are not helpless. In this article, James Waldroop and Timothy Butler--both psychologists--examine the root causes of these flaws and suggest concrete tactics they have used to help people recognize and correct the following six behavior patterns: The hero, who always pushes himself--and subordinates--too hard to do too much for too long. The meritocrat, who believes that the best ideas can and will be determined objectively and ignores the politics inherent in most situations. The bulldozer, who runs roughshod over others in a quest for power. The pessimist, who always worries about what could go wrong. The rebel, who automatically fights against authority and convention. And the home run hitter, who tries to do too much too soon--he swings for the fences before he's learned to hit singles. Helping people break through their self-created glass ceilings is the ultimate win-win scenario: both the individual and the organization are rewarded. Using the tactics introduced in this article, managers can help their brilliantly flawed performers become spectacular achievers. PMID:11143157

Waldroop, J; Butler, T

155

Computer News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents several news stories about computers and technology. (1) Applied Science Associates of Narragansett, Rhode Island is providing computer modeling technology to help locate the remains to the USS Bonhomme Richard, which sank in 1779 after claiming a Revolutionary War victory. (2) Whyville, the leading edu-tainment virtual…

Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007

2007-01-01

156

News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes the following reports: "'LJ' (Library Journal) News Report: Libraries Success at Funding Books and Bytes"; "'SLJ' (School Library Journal) News Report: We're in the Money!"; and "'PW' (Publishers Weekly) News Reports". (AEF)|

St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Margolis, Rick; Glick, Andrea; Milliot, Jim

1999-01-01

157

Secrecy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Project on Government Secrecy, which works to "challenge excessive government secrecy and to promote public oversight," has recently launched this email publication. Distributed two to three times per week, Secrecy News contains stories on recent developments in secrecy and security policy and links to new materials placed on the FAS Website. A subscription form is provided at the site.

158

Operation of bad breath clinics.  

PubMed

The diagnosis and management of bad breath can be easily incorporated in routine dental care by attending dentists. This article outlines the information necessary to establish a differential diagnosis of oral malodor. This includes evaluation of medical, dental, and halitosis history. It also includes the examination of extraoral and intraoral tissues and a thorough periodontal examination. The presence of bad breath is established with organoleptic and hydrogen sulfide-monitor (Halimeter) measurements. The treatment of malodor resulting from oral overgrowth of anaerobic organisms in the oral cavity consists of mechanical and chemical reduction of the microbial flora by methods that are supported by scientific evidence. PMID:10635282

Neiders, M; Ramos, B

1999-05-01

159

Science News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science News is the magazine of the Society for Science and the Public, and they certainly do deliver via their well designed website. There is a lot to read on the homepage alone and the material is pitched towards a general audience, so visitors don't need to be students of science to understand the articles. The "SN Bookshelf" offers reviews of the latest science-oriented books. The "SN Multimedia" section, near the bottom of the homepage, offers videos and photo slideshows to explain scientific research, such as the videos "Pigeons usually let best navigator take the lead" and "Fruit flies turn on auto-pilot." There is even a "Science News for Kids" section, accessible at the top of any page. For those visitors who are impressed by this site and want to continue learning about science, there is an e-mail alert or RSS feed available and there are dozens of topics to choose to get news from, as well as columns and features.

160

7 CFR 51.1912 - Badly misshapen.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1912 Badly misshapen. Badly misshapen means that...

2013-01-01

161

Bad Arguments Defending Racial Preference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professor Cohen describes the arduous path to the passage of Proposition 2 in Michigan in 2006. In considering the reasons for its victory, he shows how claims (sometimes well-intended) "for" preferences rest on truly bad arguments. (Contains 8 footnotes.)|

Cohen, Carl

2008-01-01

162

A Response to Robert Maranto's Review of "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's response to Robert Maranto's review of "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools". The author begins by thanking Professor Maranto for his thoughtful review of his "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools" (2010). Professor Maranto is the first professional educator to acknowledge the book's existence, a fact that says much about…

Weissberg, Robert

2012-01-01

163

Debating Robert Weissberg: Why We Should Read but Not Accept "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's critique on Robert Weissberg's book titled "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools". The author argues that Weissberg's readable, controversial "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools" (2010) is funny, acerbic, bold, and slaughters more than a few sacred cows of what Weissberg calls the "failed educational industrial complex." As…

Maranto, Robert

2012-01-01

164

Why bad ideas are a good idea  

Microsoft Academic Search

What would happen if we wrote an Abstract that was the exact opposite of what the paper described? This is a bad idea, but it makes us think more carefully than usual about properties of Abstracts. This paper describes BadIdeas, a collection of techniques that uses 'bad' or 'silly' ideas to inspire creativity, explore design domains and teach critical thinking

Alan Dix; Tom Ormerod; Michael Twidale; Corina Sas; Paula Alexandra; Gomes da Silva; Lorna McKnight

165

Design News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning about the world of design can be rather fun, and for persons interested in entering this industry, it can be essential to stay on top of ongoing developments. Design Week launched their site in November 2006, and as the publication is based in Britain, the coverage of design events and trends is primarily focused on the British and Continental scenes. From those thinking about looking for a new job in the field, the site also contains job postings and suggestions for those going on the job market. The site is rounded out by a place where visitors can also sign up to receive news alerts via email.

166

Breaking news on twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the news of Osama Bin Laden's death leaked through Twitter, many people wondered if Twitter would fundamentally change the way we produce, spread, and consume news. In this paper we provide an in-depth analysis of how the news broke and spread on Twitter. We confirm the claim that Twitter broke the news first, and find evidence that Twitter had

Mengdie Hu; Shixia Liu; Furu Wei; Yingcai Wu; John Stasko; Kwan-Liu Ma

2012-01-01

167

Fox News Nation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fox News Network has received a lot of attention from political pundits, scholars and elected officials. At best, Fox News merely preaches to the choir of (already) conservative viewers. At worst, Fox News is polarizing viewers by moving their audience to the extreme right. Past research suggests that Fox News viewers hold more conservative attitudes and beliefs, but only

Glen Smith

168

Novel radiolabeled peptides for breast and prostate tumor PET imaging: (64)Cu/and (68)Ga/NOTA-PEG-[D-Tyr(6),?Ala(11),Thi(13),Nle(14)]BBN(6-14).  

PubMed

Bombesin (BBN)-based radiolabeled peptides exhibit promising properties for targeted imaging of gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPR)-positive tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate with positron emission tomography (PET) the pharmacokinetic and imaging properties of two novel BBN-based radiolabeled peptides, (64)Cu/and (68)Ga/NOTA-PEG-BBN(6-14), for diagnosis of breast and prostate cancers using small animal models. Competitive binding assays on T47D breast and PC3 prostate cancer cells showed that the affinity for GRPR depends on the complexed metal and can vary up to a factor of about 3; (64)Cu/NOTA-PEG-BBN(6-14) was found to have the lowest inhibition constant (1.60 ± 0.59 nM). (64)Cu/and (68)Ga/NOTA-PEG-BBN(6-14) presented similar cell uptake on T47D and PC3 cells and were stable in vivo. Biodistribution studies of radiolabeled peptides carried out in Balb/c and tumor-bearing Balb/c nude mice showed that (64)Cu/NOTA-PEG-BBN(6-14) presented higher GRPR-mediated uptake in pancreas and adrenal glands, but comparable PC3 tumor uptake as (68)Ga/NOTA-PEG-BBN(6-14). Finally, receptor-dependent responses were observed during blocking studies with unlabeled peptide in both biodistribution and small-animal PET imaging studies. Our results confirmed the dependence of the affinity and pharmacokinetics of BBN-based radiopeptides on the complexed radiometal. Interspecies differences between mouse and human GRPR binding properties were also noted in these preclinical studies. Considering their good imaging characteristics, both (64)Cu/NOTA-PEG-BBN(6-14) and (68)Ga/NOTA-PEG-BBN(6-14) are promising candidates for GRPR-targeted PET imaging of breast and prostate cancers. PMID:22770480

Fournier, Patrick; Dumulon-Perreault, Véronique; Ait-Mohand, Samia; Tremblay, Sébastien; Bénard, François; Lecomte, Roger; Guérin, Brigitte

2012-07-25

169

When good news is bad news: psychological impact of false positive diagnosis of HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV testing is known to be stressful, however the impact of false positive HIV results on individuals is not well documented. This is a series of four case who developed psychological difficulties and psychiatric morbidities after being informed they had been misdiagnosed with HIV-positive status. We look into documented cases of misdiagnosis and potential risks of misdiagnosis. The case series

Rahul Bhattacharya; Simon Barton; Jose Catalan

2008-01-01

170

Drug Use, Dependence, and Addiction at a British Columbia University: Good News and Bad News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two studies of perceived and actual drug use at Simon Fraser University found students estimating greater drug use among friends than for themselves, but 31 percent reported dependence and 5 percent reported current addiction, especially to caffeine and nicotine. An approach to drug abuse focusing on familiar substances is recommended. (MSE)|

Alexander, Bruce K.

1985-01-01

171

Good news and bad news: Search from unknown wage offer distributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The largest market in national economies is the labor market. Labor market contracting is characterized by job search, often from unknown wage offer distributions. This paper reports experimental tests of finite horizon models of job search in which the wage offer distribution is unknown. Theoretically-optimal search from an unknown wage offer distribution can have the seemingly paradoxical property that some

James C. Cox; Ronald L. Oaxaca

2000-01-01

172

Good News and Bad News: Search from Unknown Wage Offer Distributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The largest market in national economies is the labor market. Labor market contracting is characterized by job search, often from unknown wage offer distributions. This paper reports experimental tests of finite horizon models of job search in which the wage offer distribution is unknown. Theoretically-optimal search from an unknown wage offer distribution can have the seemingly paradoxical property that some

James C. Cox; Ronald L. Oaxaca

2000-01-01

173

Good news, bad news: global fisheries discards are declining, but so are total catches  

Microsoft Academic Search

During fishing operations, fish are often caught that were not targeted. When the species in question are of low value, or protected, this 'by-catch' is often thrown overboard as 'discards', the retained part of the catch constituting the landings. The amounts of fish discarded are generally highly area- and gear-specific, but can be high; for example, discards in tropical shrimp

Dirk Zeller; Daniel Pauly

2005-01-01

174

CFSAN - Bad Bug Book - Escolar Product  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... outdated. Enter Search terms. Food. ... CFSAN - Bad Bug Book - Escolar Product. Photos of Commercial Product - Escolar. Photo ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/causesofillnessbadbugbook

175

The Television News Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A special issue with extensive coverage of The Television News Exchange. Contributing authors from all over the world give their perspectives on the current status and future prospects of The Television News Exchange. (HB)|

Boni, Vittorio; And Others

1975-01-01

176

Non-News Viewers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents results of a study among a rural population of the relationship of amount of local and network television news-viewing and age, education, sex, income, length of local residence, radio-news listening behavior, and newspaper reading. (JMF)|

Poindexter, Paula M.

1980-01-01

177

News Before Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1513 to 1640, news pamphlets informed and entertained the English. Such publications have been difficult to identify and little has been written about them. More than 1,200 pamphlets were identified by reviewing entries in the Short Title Catalogue. They were then analyzed by numbers produced and subject matter. Factors that news pamphlets may share with modern news formats -

Richard Streckfuss

1998-01-01

178

Turning on the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…

Buckingham, David

1999-01-01

179

Anthropology World News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site at Texas A&M features frequently updated links to anthropology news stories published on the web by major news sources and university press releases. The news items are listed most recently first, but the whole site can also searched by keyword.

1997-01-01

180

Yahoo! News: Photo Slideshows  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yahoo!News has updated its Website with a new feature: slideshows of current news photos. Each of its news sections -- Top Stories, World, Entertainment, Sports, Science, Lifestyle, and Politics -- now contains a grouping of photos in a slideshow format. The slideshows are updated daily, and an archive is available. Be warned, however, that a few advertisements pop up during the slideshows.

2001-01-01

181

Turning on the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…

Buckingham, David

1999-01-01

182

Bad Fish, Bad Bird Neurotoxin Poisoning from Fish and Fowl  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This "clicker case" is based on the General Biology edition of James Hewlett’s “Bad Fish” case in our collection. The case follows the story of biologist Dr. Westwood, who is accidentally poisoned, first while traveling in Asia and then in the South Pacific. Students learn about Dr. Westwood’s experiences and about nerve cell physiology—focusing especially on the role of ion channels in maintaining and changing electrical gradients across the cell membrane (resting potential and action potentials). They then apply what they learn in each part of the case to determine the mechanism of neurotoxin poisonings described in the case. The case is presented in class via PowerPoint (~2MB).  Students use personal response systems, or “clickers,” to answer the multiple-choice questions that punctuate the PowerPoint presentation as they explore the underlying mechanism of Dr. Westwood’s poisoning.

Hannam, Kristina

2010-01-01

183

Chkl binds and phosphorylates BAD protein.  

PubMed

Chk1 (checkpoint kinase 1) is a serine-threonine kinase that is critical for G2/M arrest in response to DNA damage. Chk1 phosphorylates Cdc25C at serine-216, a major regulatory site, in response to DNA damage. Furthermore, Chk1 also phosphorylates Cdc25A on serine 123 which accelerates its degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and arrests cells in late G2-phase after DNA damage. In the present study, we demonstrated that Chk1 phosphorylates pro-apoptotic protein BAD (Bcl-2/Bcl-XL-Antagonist, causing cell Death) in vitro. In vitro phosphorylation analysis with various mouse BAD peptides has revealed two phosphorylation sites for Chk1 at serine-155 and serine-170. When wild-type and mutant BAD (S155A) constructs were transfected into 293T cells, an association between BAD and Chk1 was observed by co-immunoprecipitation. In addition, there was an increase in the phosphorylation of serine-155 following DNA damage by adriamycin treatment. Our results suggest that Chk1 associates with BAD and phosphorylates the BAD protein at serine-155. Taken together, our results suggest that Chk1 may inactivate BAD by associating with and phosphorylating residues critical for BAD function in response to DNA damage. PMID:15736430

Han, Edward Kyu-ho; Butler, Chris; Zhang, Haichao; Severin, Jean M; Qin, Wenying; Holzman, Tom F; Gubbins, Earl J; Simmer, Robert L; Rosenberg, Saul; Giranda, Vincent L; Ng, Shi-Chung; Luo, Y

184

News Grazers, Television News, Political Knowledge, and Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the modern-day television “news grazer” in American politics. We define news grazers as those individuals who watch television news with remote control in hand and switch to another channel when an uninteresting topic comes up. Using survey data from the Pew Research Center, we find that news grazers differ significantly from nongrazers in news-gathering habits, political knowledge,

Jonathan S. Morris; Richard Forgette

2007-01-01

185

Seasons in the sun - weather and climate front-page news stories in Europe’s rainiest city, Bergen, Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a portrayal of aspects of weather and climate as front-page news in Europe’s rainiest city, Bergen, Norway.\\u000a It descriptively explores the coverage and different contextualization of weather and climate. By asking the simple question\\u000a of what actually constitutes a good or bad weather day in Bergen, short-lived weather descriptions in the news are compared\\u000a with climatological data.

Elisabeth Meze-Hausken

2007-01-01

186

Frontier News: Forest Frontiers Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Frontier News is World Resources Institute's online news service tracking "threats to and development in the world's large, intact natural forests." Updated weekly, Frontier News offers recent news articles on Africa, Asia, Europe & Russia, North & Central America, Oceania (Papua New Guinea, Australia, and New Zealand), and South America. General news stories and editorials highlight frontier forests, and emphasize concerns of the Forest Frontiers Initiative.

187

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

National Chemistry Week (NCW)

National Chemistry Week Celebrating Chemistry and Art is the theme of NCW 2001, to be held November 4-10, 2001. As you make plans for participating in the celebrations in your area, keep in mind that JCE is developing special materials on this theme, which will appear in our October issue: Classroom Activities, a comprehensive Illustrated Resource Paper, Report from Online, specially written brief articles illustrated in color, articles related to the theme, and CLIPs (Chemical Laboratory Information Profiles).

Awards Announced

Passer Award

Passer Award recipients from the April 1 closing date are:
  • George Bennett, Millikin University, Decatur, IL
  • Daniel Berger, Bluffton College, Bluffton, OH
  • Karen Dunlap, Sierra College, Rocklin, CA
  • Myung-Hoon Kim, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA
  • Cheryl Longfellow, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA
  • Jerry Maas, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, IL
  • Tim Royappa, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL

Visiting Scientist Award, Western Connecticut Section

Diane Bunce, The Catholic University of America, has been selected as the 2001 Visiting Scientist of the Western Connecticut Section of the ACS. The award, presented annually since 1967, brings an outstanding chemical educator to visit high schools in Fairfield County, CT. In May, Bunce visited three high schools, Christian Heritage School, Fairfield High School, and Greenwich High School, where she interacted with teachers and students and presented lectures and demonstrations to several chemistry classes. She was also keynote speaker at the ACS local section's Education Night. The awardee is selected by a committee of university and high school teachers, industrial chemists, and the previous Visiting Scientist; there is an honorarium of 1500 plus expenses.

Welch Award

Roger D. Kornberg, a professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, received the 2001 Welch Award for his discovery of the nucleosome and establishing its role in gene regulation; for his discovery of a giant complex of 20 proteins known as the "Mediator", which regulates the transcription process; and for determining the atomic structure of RNA polymerase II. The 300,000 award salutes Kornberg's lifetime contributions to biochemistry.

NSTA Teacher Awards

During its 2001 national convention the National Science Teachers Association presented prizes and awards to teachers for their exemplary teaching practices and commitment to quality science education. Many appear below.
Distinguished Service to Science Education Award
  • JoAnne Vasquez, Science Consultant, Gilbert, AZ
  • Richard F. Duncan, Beaverton Administrative Center, Beaverton, OR
  • Mitchell E. Batoff, New Jersey City University, Jersey City, NJ
Distinguished Informal Science Education Award
  • Al Stenstrup, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI
Ciba Specialty Chemicals Education Foundation Exemplary Science Teaching Award, High School Level
  • Gerald Friday, Marquette High School, Milwaukee, WI
Gustav Ohaus Innovations in Science Teaching, High School
  • Mark Stefanski, Marin Academy, San Rafael, CA (first place)
  • James A. Szoka, Clarke County Hi

    2001-08-01

188

NewsWatch: A Consumer's Guide to the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Media and Public Affairs, a nonpartisan research organization that conducts scientific analyses of the media, has recently launched NewsWatch, a new daily Web magazine created for news consumers, promising to "tell you when [news is] accurate, when it's wrong, and why." NewsWatch contains several sections: Today's News, a daily news summary from NewsWatch editors; Media Critic, a daily digest of news about the news media from leading media critics; Spotlight, feature articles analyzing the news media; Resources, a collection of links to online media publications, watchdog organizations, and research institutions; and Talk Back, a directory of news organizations for consumers who want to provide feedback directly to news agencies. The entire site is searchable by keyword(s).

189

EuroNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1992 in Lyons, France, EuroNews is a European Broadcasting Union initiative that was started by a group of European public broadcasters interested in providing European viewers with a diverse set of perspectives of regional and international news. The site will be of interest to anyone with an interest in viewing recent news briefs about a number of important topics of relevance, such as political affairs within the European Union, cultural activities, and technological innovations within various parts of the EU. Visitors can also view a weekly schedule for EuroNews, or elect to view the latest news update from EuroNews. As might be expected, the site may be viewed in a number of languages, including German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Russian.

190

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

Journal Ambassadors, 1999 What do the people listed below have in common? A search of our records indicates that each has been a participant in our Journal Ambassador program during 1999.
  • Guy Anderson
  • Jim Becvar
  • Jerry Bell
  • Jim Birk
  • Diane Bunce
  • Ann Cartwright
  • Thomas Clark
  • Jane Crosby
  • Maria Dean
  • Art Ellis
  • Donald Elswick
  • Tommy Franklin
  • Babu George
  • Paul Heath
  • Angela Hoffman
  • Lynn Hogue
  • J. J. Lagowski
  • Frank Lambert
  • Dorothy Lehmkuhl
  • George Lelevre
  • Scott Luaders
  • Jane McMullen
  • Marci Merritt
  • Carl Minnier
  • Richard Narske
  • Ron Perkins
  • Gabriel Pinto
  • Dick Potts
  • Herb Retcofsky
  • Jerry Sarquis
  • Elke Schoffers
  • Sara Selfe
  • Uni Susskind
  • J. Mark Tolman
  • John Varine
  • Dawn Wakeley
  • Marla White
Those who are a part of this program take materials about the Journal to workshops, outreach programs, seminars, regional meetings, award nights, short courses, and other events at home and abroad, places where people who are interested in chemical education gather. Given about three weeks notice, we can outfit you with a variety of materials that will help others get tuned in to the good things that are happening in chemical education. We can send you an assortment of Journal issues, subscription forms, our Publications/Software Catalog, reprints from the Viewpoints series, copies of Classroom Activities, or JCE Gift Award Certificates, assuming that supplies are available. Of course we can arrange for the group to have temporary access to JCE Online. We can send you a brochure about the Ambassador program or answer any questions - just ask: email to jce@chem.wisc.edu; phone 1-800-991-5534 (U.S.) or 608-262-5153 (non-U.S.); fax 608-265-8094. If by chance you were a Journal Ambassador in 1999 but your name was not included, just let us know so that you can be recognized in a future column. Gift Subscription Awards As spring, the season of awards, approaches, we remind you of our handy Gift Certificates (a replica is shown on page 142). A gift of the Journal is not only affordable (gift subscriptions are 37/year (U.S.), 50/year (non-U.S.), but has lasting value. This is a really good way to help someone just starting out on a teaching career. An idea worth sharing comes from Carl Minnier of Essex Community College in Baltimore. He is chair of the Student Awards Committee of the Maryland Section of the ACS. This section has asked for 25 certificates because they honor annually an outstanding student from each of the two-year and four-year colleges within the territory of the Maryland Section. Want another interesting idea: give a one-year subscription to each Undergraduate Research Symposium participant. Classroom Activities for Outreach Many of our readers are involved with outreach programsindividually in their child's class, in a regional group that visits schools, in a van program, or as a demonstrator at their local science museum. Many readers have enthusiastically reported that our Classroom Activities series is a great resource for such programs. Since the Activities are designed for a high school classroom or lab (Activity 24 in this continuing series can be found in this issue), they are purposely not demanding of equipment, facilities, or time. But outreach activities often take place in very restricted environments, perhaps without sinks or electricity, sometimes with limited table space. So that we can provide timely advice in recommending activities for you to take "on the road", Nancy Gettys and Erica Jacobsen of the Journal staff have done an analysis of each, recommending whether it might be done

2000-02-01

191

Market News International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Market News International, the Economeister gathers business news and market data to help readers predict the financial future. Links to key economic indicators from around the world are provided by the constantly updated Global Calendar. In addition, longer-term predictions are available in editorial form from the Economeister Intelligencer. Other Economeister options include NY Opening Rates, Archives, and information on fee-based services from Market News.

1997-01-01

192

Bad Science and Its Social Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates three types of bad science: (1) cultural prejudice based on scientific errors (polygenism, phrenology, reification through intelligence testing); (2) unethical science (Tuskegee syphilis experiments, tobacco companies and research); and (3) unwitting errors (pesticides, chlorofluorocarbons). (Contains 50 references.) (SK)|

Zeidler, Dana L.; Sadler, Troy D.; Berson, Michael J.; Fogelman, Aimee L.

2002-01-01

193

Brain Response to Good and Bad Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about the decision of whether good or bad design is the result of the human brain process. Our research team\\u000a has used the technique of functional MRI and Electroencephalogram (EEG) to address the question of how the brain answers while\\u000a subjects viewed different designs. Classifying the good or bad designs, subjects chose a mouse button to decide

Haeinn Lee; Jungtae Lee; Ssanghee Seo

2009-01-01

194

The Psychological Benefits of Bad Poetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author was the founder and secretary pro-tem of the Bad Poets Society at Princeton Theological Seminary. This distinction\\u000a does not appear on his official resume. The Society did not have meetings but it had a newsletter that came out several times\\u000a a year comprised of bad poetry written by members of the faculty and staff. These poetic works included

Donald Capps

2010-01-01

195

Vanderbilt Television News Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Television News Archive began at Vanderbilt University on August 5, 1968 because television news was not consistently recorded, preserved and made accessible for research anywhere. After a quarter century, the Archive remains unique in systematically recording, abstracting and indexing the most widely viewed national television newscasts so that they are readily available for study.

196

With News Search Engines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although there are many news search engines on the Web, finding the news items one wants can be challenging. Choosing appropriate search terms is one of the biggest challenges. Unless one has seen the article that one is seeking, it is often difficult to select words that were used in the headline or text of the article. The limited archives of…

Gunn, Holly

2005-01-01

197

Women And News  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an era of increasing globalization, women continue to be underrepresented and stereotyped in national, international and global news media. The problem is exacerbated when traditional geographic boundaries are crossed and the media in one country report on issues and events, particularly those that impact women, in another country. The question addressed in this article is how news organizations can

Margaretha Geertsema

2009-01-01

198

Renewable Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

2007-09-17

199

[64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7-14)NH2] targeting vector for positron-emission tomography imaging of gastrin-releasing peptide receptor-expressing tissues  

PubMed Central

Radiolabeled peptides hold promise as diagnostic/therapeutic targeting vectors for specific human cancers. We report the design and development of a targeting vector, [64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7-14)NH2] (NOTA = 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid, 8-Aoc = 8-aminooctanoic acid, and BBN = bombesin), having very high selectivity and affinity for the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPr). GRPrs are expressed on a variety of human cancers, including breast, lung, pancreatic, and prostate, making this a viable approach toward site-directed localization or therapy of these human diseases. In this study, [NOTA-X-BBN(7-14)NH2] conjugates were synthesized, where X = a specific pharmacokinetic modifier. The IC50 of [NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7-14)NH2] was determined by a competitive displacement cell-binding assay in PC-3 human prostate cancer cells using 125I-[Tyr4]-BBN as the displacement ligand. An IC50 of 3.1 ± 0.5 nM was obtained, demonstrating high binding affinity of [NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN] for the GRPr. [64Cu-NOTA-X-BBN] conjugates were prepared by the reaction of 64CuCl2 with peptides in buffered aqueous solution. In vivo studies of [64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7-14)NH2] in tumor-bearing PC-3 mouse models indicated very high affinity of conjugate for the GRPr. Uptake of conjugate in tumor was 3.58 ± 0.70% injected dose (ID) per g at 1 h postintravenous injection (p.i.). Minimal accumulation of radioactivity in liver tissue (1.58 ± 0.40% ID per g, 1 h p.i.) is indicative of rapid renal-urinary excretion and suggests very high in vivo kinetic stability of [64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7-14)NH2] with little or no in vivo dissociation of 64Cu2+ from the NOTA chelator. Kidney accumulation at 1 h p.i. was 3.79 ± 1.09% ID per g. Molecular imaging studies in GRPr-expressing tumor models produced high-contrast, high-quality micro-positron-emission tomography images.

Prasanphanich, Adam F.; Nanda, Prasant K.; Rold, Tammy L.; Ma, Lixin; Lewis, Michael R.; Garrison, Jered C.; Hoffman, Timothy J.; Sieckman, Gary L.; Figueroa, Said D.; Smith, Charles J.

2007-01-01

200

Growing up bad: Black youth, `road' culture and badness in an East London neighbourhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the role and importance of badness within the youth subculture (`Road' Life) of young black Caribbean males growing up in an East London neighbourhood. The research that I have undertaken attempts to explore how the notion of badness particularly influences the young informant's attitudes, values, behaviour and dress wear. Adapting and integrating the concepts of `drift' (Matza,

Anthony Gunter

2008-01-01

201

Neither bad apple nor bad barrel: how the societal context impacts unethical behavior in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every time another corporate scandal captures media headlines, the ‘bad apple vs. bad barrel’ discussion starts anew. Yet this debate overlooks the influence of the broader societal context on organizational behavior. In this article, we argue that misbehaviors of organizations (the ‘barrels’) and their members (the ‘apples’) cannot be addressed properly without a clear understanding of their broader context (the

Michael Gonin; Guido Palazzo; Ulrich Hoffrage

2012-01-01

202

AIP Weekly Physics News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Exeter (UK) Physics Department has given new meaning to the term "value added" in its mirroring of the American Institute of Physics' weekly publication, Physics News Update. The AIP Public Information Division makes available Physics News, which provides concise coverage of new developments in physics, graphics "depicting important physics research topics and concepts," and a subset of more in-depth stories about breaking news in physics. This Exeter site provides all of the content of the AIP's Physics News Update, and enhances it by: 1) providing an archive back to September of 1990; 2) making this archive searchable; and 3) providing the reports in HTML format, with each article subject cross-referenced to any of over 25 topics from atomic physics to superconductors, allowing the user easy access to other Physics News articles on the same topics.

1969-12-31

203

Ranking a stream of news  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to a recent survey made by Nielsen NetRatings, searching on news articles is one of the most important activity online. Indeed, Google, Yahoo, MSN and many others have proposed commercial search engines for indexing news feeds. Despite this commercial interest, no academic research has focused on ranking a stream of news articles and a set of news sources. In

Gianna M. Del Corso; Antonio Gullí; Francesco Romani

2005-01-01

204

Is Crime News Coverage Excessive?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on the frequency and manner in which various crime and noncrime news topics were presented in selected newspapers and television newscasts in 1976. Examines news flow data to determine whether news output was inflexible, and whether crime news coverage distorted the amount of real-life crime. (PD)|

Graber, Doris A.

1979-01-01

205

Stock risk mining by news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the fast delivery of news articles by news providers on the Internet and\\/or via news datafeeds, it becomes an important research issue of predicting the risk of stocks by utilizing such textual information available in addition to the time series information. In the literature, the issue of predicting stock price up\\/down trend based on news articles has been

Qi Pan; Hong Cheng; Di Wu; Jeffrey Xu Yu; Yu Yiping Ke

2010-01-01

206

Internet News Radio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Internet News Radio (iNR) is an audio news program which uses RealAudio software allowing Internet users to play audio files "on-demand" over the Internet, including through a standard modem connection. Most stories are broadcast in both French and English. Each week major stories relevant to the Internet are covered, as well as related technology news. iNR also offers audio articles containing movie reviews, software reviews, and feature stories. Pointers to Web sites relevant to stories are provided. Note that RealAudio now supports 28.8 modem connections in its 2.0 beta version.

207

InterNIC News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The _NSF Network News_, InterNIC Information Services' bimonthly publication, is now available on the Web. The current issue features an interview with the new Executive Director of the Internet Society, Tony Rutkowski, as well as a full-length article about the new NSFNET architecture, with a topology map; a Regional NIC Report from NorthWestNet about health care providers and the Internet; a news brief on current and pending National Information Infrastructure (NII) legislation, with a table of current legislation and status; and regular features of the _NSF Network News_ such as the InterNIC Event Calendar and updates from InterNIC partners.

1996-01-01

208

College News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College News Online is an international campus newswire and centralized information resource for college-bound students, current students, graduates, and others interested in higher education. The newswire indexes about 400 student-run and campus newspapers and maintains a news archive for the current year. The Campus Union section of College News Online provides information and links for financial aid, internships, employment, computer assistance, and a textbook exchange. The geographic Campus Index links users to college and university Websites throughout the US as well as to higher education institutions in over 110 different countries worldwide. Sociable visitors may share their burgeoning knowledge in the College Chat and Message Board sections.

209

Medical News Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents Medical News Today, an organization based in the United Kingdom, aimed at providing "the latest news headlines from the world of medicine and healthcare today and every day." The site offers 19 pages of recent news headline lists, with each headline hyperlinked to its article (or part of its article). Most article pages contain an original URL or some other contact or source information. In addition, the article pages allow site visitors to write an opinion piece about the article, as well as view other visitors' opinions. This website also provides search engines for medical abbreviations and terms, and links to information about healthcare, conditions, and patient resources.

210

National PKU News  

MedlinePLUS

... Foods List Before you consider trying the new PKU drug, Kuvan, please click here for important information. Recent Website Updates - August 2013 ©2000-2013, National PKU News. All rights reserved. E-mail comments or ...

211

Conservative News Service (CNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Media Resource Center, the Conservative News Service aims to give users an alternative to what it calls "a liberal bias in the American news media and a frequent, liberal double-standard in editorial decisions on what constitutes 'news'." It does this via a mix of short digest news articles and longer analytical articles in eight areas, including politics, economics, defense, religion, and culture. The X-Pert/Files/Links section contains links to conservative experts and their institutions in 45 subject areas. In addition, the site includes links to information about several conservative talk shows ("Radio Uplink") and several bulletin boards. CNS was created by MRC Chairman L. Brent Bozell III.

1998-01-01

212

FDA News for Educators  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionPage 1. News for Educators Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Food Safety Nutrition Cosmetics July 2013 The Heat Is On! ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/newsevents

213

World Health News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by the Center for Health Communication of the Harvard School of Public Health, this online weekly news digest covers stories on public health issues from around the world. Aimed at an international audience of policy makers, journalists, public health researchers, practitioners, and advocates, World Health News blends original reporting with links to stories and editorials from publications worldwide. Currently, the site features a spotlight story on women's rights, health, and equality, as well as synopses and links to stories on the death penalty, AIDS, mental health care for children, environmental hazards, teens and tobacco, and gene therapy, among others. Future plans for the site include video and audio offerings, such as expert interviews and coverage of breaking public health news from "leading news organizations."

214

Green Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bruce Mulliken has been covering news and commentary on the world of clean, efficient, and renewable energy since 1996. His Green Energy News site is geared towards a broad audience that includes the general public, industry professionals, and government officials. First-time visitors will want to look at the "News Stories" on the front page which in recent editions have included pieces on the growing hydrogen economy, the potential of parking lots as a form of solar power, and the possibility of a zero emission electric vehicle with two wheels. Those looking for previous news features can browse the "Archives and Resources" area, which dates back to April 1996. Those looking for "green" events should browse over to the "Events Calendar" section, which provides links to upcoming events such as renewable energy conferences and clean vehicle expos.

Mulliken, Bruce C.

215

Turning News into Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests young people can respond to news stories and political issues they feel strongly about through poetry, and presents one student's effective use of satire which lets his emotions "leak through" to the reader. (NH)

Otten, Nick; Stelmach, Majorie

1987-01-01

216

Cornell Science News: Nanoguitar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Science News article, from Cornell University, provides information about extraordinarily small vibrating devices, including a nanoguitar that is "carved out of crystalline silicon and no larger than a single cell." An optical method for detecting these vibrations is described.

2009-09-17

217

News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American news media industry is characterized by two competing dynamics -- traditional journalistic values and market demands for profit. Most within the industry consider themselves to be journalists first. In that capacity, they fulfill two key role...

D. Bagnati H. Ferguson J. Seng R. Girven S. Herr

2006-01-01

218

News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American news media has two fundamental roles in our democracy: that of eyewitness, giving citizens critical information, and also as the watchdog, providing another arm of 'checks and balances' within our governmental system. A central feature of the new...

C. Bartlett C. Bracuto D. Buonassisi F. Caruso D. Gurney

2003-01-01

219

Environmental News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Network (ENN) has as its primary goal to educate the world about environmental issues facing our Earth. People can freely read articles that change daily on the latest news that affects our planet, read stories from major environmental organizations, search past stories, learn about upcoming events on the provided calendar, listen online to EarthNews Radio, and more. An example of a current in-depth article describes how fossil fuels today are depleted 100,000 times faster than they form and how, by 2010, world energy consumption is expected to increase almost 50 percent. Although the site may be slightly biased, it does provide easy access to a wealth of environmental news and information; those interested can even subscribe for email delivery of the latest ENN articles.

220

Environment News Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environment News Service is a daily international wire service covering issues and events that affect the environment. Topics include legislation, politics, conferences, lawsuits, international agreements, demonstrations, science and technology, public health, air quality, and many others. Site materials include text-based news articles and press releases, videos, information on professional media services, and subscription instructions. There is also a keyword search function that lets users locate material in older articles.

221

National Geographic News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every science enthusiast will find countless, fascinating stories at this National Geographic website. The news site covers stories related to adventure and exploration, archaeology and paleontology, kids' news, science and technology, people and culture, the environment, and travel. Users can discover Special Series which cover emerging explorers, oceans, the pulse of the planet, and so much more. The incredible images warrant a visit all by themselves.

222

POLITICS, PUBLIC BADS, AND PRIVATE INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preferential treatment for politically influential sectors often has undesired consequences such as increasing pollution or ecosystem degradation. Private information on firm produc- tivity constrains the government's ability both to redistribute income and regulate public bad production. Given political economy and information constraints, this article characterizes a social-welfare maximizing policy. The optimal policy uses a single instrument to achieve both goals,

Glenn Sheriff

223

A Bad Day for Sandy Dayton.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a rear-end car accident scenario to teach about forces and kinetic energy in a problem-based learning format. Includes four parts: (1) "A Bad Day for Sandy Dayton"; (2) "The Emergency Room"; (3) "The Facts of the Case"; and (4) "Judgement Day". Discusses the major issues of the questions, introduces scientific concepts, and initiates…

Duch, Barbara

2000-01-01

224

Good jobs, bad jobs: Workers' evaluations in five countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

ow good or bad is a particular job? How good or bad is my own H job? These are questions that everyone has asked or been asked. They are important questions, because they go to the heart of the issues of job quality and personal welfare. One direct way to evaluate the extent to which jobs are good or bad

Joseph A. RITTER; Richard ANKER

2002-01-01

225

“Serving time”: the relationship of good and bad teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The argument is that good and bad teaching are asymmetrical. Eradicating what is readily thought of as bad teaching does not leave behind the purse gold of good teaching. Good teaching is that which promotes student learning. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between bad teaching and good teaching in graduate memories Design\\/methodology\\/approach –

Michael Jackson

2006-01-01

226

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed\\u000a at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative\\u000a treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings.\\u000a The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was

Ewa Misterska; Maciej G?owacki; Jerzy Harasymczuk

2009-01-01

227

News and Advertisements: How Negative News May Reverse Advertising Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the effects of news and advertising expenditures on corporate reputation. Both advertisement expenditures and the tone (or tenor) of business news exert a positive influence on corporate reputation. In addition, advertising expenditures were found to magnify the effects of the tone of the news. In particular, moderately educated customers are susceptible to the tone of the

MAY-MAY MEIJER; JAN KLEINNIJENHUIS

2007-01-01

228

CRIME AND THE NEWS MEDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, any form of news-making is an institutional method of making information available to an audience or customers; it is located and gathered by professionals within organizations. Essentially, news in some form reflect society, indeed, it is a \\

Korni Swaroop KUMAR

229

C|Net News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week c|net: the Computer Network launched News.Com, an online service entirely devoted to technology news. It promises to be a useful site for a wide range of computer and Internet users who can visit once (or more) a day for updates on who's doing what in the world of the Internet, computing, Intranets, and business. Each section offers a dozen or more varied stories produced by c|net or accessed through links to other Internet publishers. Also offered in each section are short takes that provide a single paragraph summary of a piece of technology news. On the page with each current news story are links to related stories from the c|net archives that are useful for background information (the stories from the archives may be several months old, however, so be sure to check the dates to know if you are reading news or background). Opinion pieces can be found under Perspectives, and Newsmakers offers multimedia interviews with movers and shakers.

1996-01-01

230

TV News Flow Studies Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares different theoretical approaches to the study of international news. Finds many comparative studies of the foreign news output of national broadcasters and few studies analyzing the actual flow of television news between actors at the wholesale level and the flow between wholesale and retail level. Suggests a better framework for the…

Hjarvard, Stig

1995-01-01

231

Political News and Political Consciousness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deals with mass media in modern democratic societies, using the example of Israeli news reports in German television (TV) news. Central to this interest are processes of mediating politics: political socialisation and education; that is to say, empowering citizens via TV news to participate in democratic processes. The article…

Schertges, Claudia

2007-01-01

232

Science News of the Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of important science news stories reported in Science News during 1976. Most items include a volume and page number reference to the issue of Science News in which the article appeared. Items are grouped under general major headings such as: space, astronomy, medicine, chemistry, etc. (SL)

Science News, 1976

1976-01-01

233

Does drinking really decrease in bad times?  

PubMed

This paper investigates the relationship between macroeconomic conditions and drinking using individual-level data from 1987 to 1999 interview years of the "behavioral risk factor surveillance system" (BRFSS). We confirm the procyclical variation in overall drinking identified in previous research using aggregate sales data and show that this largely results from changes in consumption by existing drinkers, rather than movements into or out of drinking. Moreover, the decrease occurring during bad economic times is concentrated among heavy consumers, with light drinking actually rising. We also find no evidence that the decline in overall alcohol use masks a rise for persons becoming unemployed during contractions. These results suggest that any stress-induced increases in drinking during bad economic times are more than offset by declines resulting from changes in economic factors such as lower incomes. PMID:12146596

Ruhm, Christopher J; Black, William E

2002-07-01

234

Genome News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While there is a great deal of information about genes and genomes available in the mainstream media, it may be difficult for many to obtain more objective and scientifically-informed material about these complex subjects. To that end, the Genome News Network provides this bi-weekly publication that features stories about human medicine, microbes, biotechnology, and agriculture. Visitors who may be less familiar about genes and genomes will want to start with the "Quick Guide to Sequenced Genomes," or the basic overview provided in the "What's a Genome" area. The site also features news updates on topics ranging from the African-American Biobank, the first cloned mule, and how geneticists recognize cancer cells. Additionally, visitors can browse through the archives of the News Network (back to the year 2000), and elect to receive the bi-weekly report via email.

235

Geology in the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this activity students read the newspaper on a daily basis, listen to news on the radio, or watch television, to acquire material related to the earth sciences. They will look for natural hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, hurricanes, etc.), human-made hazards (urbanization, compromised engineering projects, etc.), environmental issues, or resource extraction issues which all appear in the news with great frequency and are easily accessible. Students are reminded that they should look for information on the local level (water quality, solid waste management, development issues, etc.), as well as national and world wide issues. The news items may then be presented to the class as show-and-tell exercises with follow-up discussion by the class; a bulletin board that could be dedicated to posting the geologic events of the week; or scrapbooks of events, arranged either chronologically or by category of events compiled by individuals or classes.

Mogk, David

236

Flaws and pitfalls in the chemical analysis of feathers: bad news-good news for avian chemoecology and toxicology.  

PubMed

Ecologists have frequently used biochemical assays as proxies for processes or phenomena too difficult to explore by traditional means of investigation. Feathers have been subjected to a number of chemical analyses to study such things as their elemental composition, contaminants, and hormones. The reliance on standard methodology of using concentrations to express quantities of chemical substances is seriously problematic because it creates artifacts by ignoring the physiology of feathers. Some elements and compounds are incorporated into the feather as part of the very building blocks of the keratin. However, others that are less functionally important to feathers (but not necessarily to the bird) enter the developing cells in proportion to their abundance in the bloodstream; in other words, feathers are merely receptacles, and deposition of chemicals is time dependent. In the latter case, one that applies to much of the work done on feather chemistry, data expressed as concentrations are meaningless because the varying mass across the feather alters concentrations in a way that has no biological significance. I discuss this problem and various pitfalls in the chemical analysis of feathers, and offer solutions that ultimately will offer a better understanding of the mechanisms influencing feather composition and, thus, the ecological patterns and processes they were meant to study. PMID:20945774

Bortolotti, Gary R

2010-09-01

237

The 1996 High Schools That Work Assessment: Good News and Bad News for Business and Marketing Programs. Research Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The academic achievement of students in business and marketing programs at High Schools That Work (HSTW) sites in 1996 was compared to performance levels in 1994. Between 1994 and 1996, the average reading scores of business students at HSTW sites increased from 271 to 279, and their average mathematics scores increased from 286 to 290. A higher…

Bottoms, Gene; Thayer, Yvonne

238

GOOD NEWS AND BAD NEWS: The Differential Effects of Media Consumption on National and State-level Political Trust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has long established that the public tends to view national political officials in lower regard than sub-national political officials, such as state legislatures and local governments. Even more research focuses on the myriad ways that media consumption affects political attitudes, with mixed findings on whether media consumption tends to enhance or diminish trust in government. While much work has

Stacy G. Ulbig; Johanna Dunaway

239

The prevalence of hospital health promotion and disease prevention services: good news, bad news, and policy implications.  

PubMed

In recent years, American health care has shifted toward an emphasis on population health in communities. National data from the American Hospital Association Annual Survey of Hospitals are used to describe the prevalence of 26 services provided by general hospitals that could contribute to health promotion and disease prevention (HPDP). Cross-sectional descriptive analyses, based on national data sources, linked HPDP services to hospital characteristics, and factor analysis identified significant categories of HPDP activities. The results showed that many specific HPDP services are offered by thousands of hospitals, but prevalence, distribution, and availability of the services are uneven across the size and ownership of hospitals and their communities. Policy initiatives could increase the prevalence of hospitals' health promotion and disease prevention services, thereby improving the health status of their communities. PMID:10834083

Olden, P C; Clement, D G

2000-01-01

240

US Water News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the monthly publication US Water News. Most online content is news coverage of water supply and quality, legislation, water rights, conservation, and the global waterfront. The collection of links is quite impressive, with state, federal, international, nonprofit, and many other resources listed. Assorted buyer's guides for a wide variety of water products are given with links to online catalogs. For people that want to stay current on new developments and technologies, there is also information about upcoming water related conferences from around the world.

241

Is It Really News?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A leading national newspaper has stated that the majority of the information contained in its pages is in the form of advertisements. To investigate this, portions of the local newspaper are distributed to students working in groups. The class first reaches consensus on their definitions of "news" and other general headings (sports, entertainment, etc.). Students then express the ratio of the area of each category to the area of the page as a fraction and decimal. After analyzing the entire newspaper, students decide how much of it is really news.

Mathline, Pbs

1995-01-01

242

PsychNews International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well known InterPsych Newsletter has changed its name to PsychNews International and is available via email subscription and the Web. It is published ten times per year. Each issue can contain a combination of research findings, job and conference listings, and listings of Internet resources. PsychNews International concentrates on issues of psychology, psychiatry, and the social sciences. The Internet resources sections are a good place for anyone interested in the field to keep abreast of useful resources.

1994-01-01

243

Biofantasies: genetics and medicine in the print news media.  

PubMed

The contemporary news media is an important site for exploring the diverse and complex cultural images of genetics and its medical possibilities, and of the mechanisms by which these images are (re) produced and sustained. This article investigates how the print news media 'frames' stories on genetics and medicine. It is based on a discourse analysis of articles appearing in three Australian newspapers in the late 1990s. Gene stories were found to be prominent in each of the newspapers, and to emphasise the medical benefits of genetic research. Stories frequently cite and quote scientists, who explain the nature and significance of the research and/or its implications for treatment or prevention. Many stories focus on new genetic discoveries, and portray genetic researchers as involved in a quest to unlock nature's secrets. Stories of hope, and depictions of geneticists as warriors or heroes, appear regularly. The positive vision of genetics is supported by the use of particular metaphors, accompanying illustrative material, 'human interest' stories, and reference to credible sources. There is rarely mention of the influence of non-genetic factors and 'multifactorial' interactions on disorders, or questioning of the goals, direction, methods, or value of genetic research. Scientists made extensive use of the media in their efforts to maintain a positive image of research in the face of public concerns about scientists 'going too far', following the announcement of the cloning of Dolly. Boundaries were drawn between 'therapeutic cloning'--implicitly defined as 'good', useful, and legitimate--and 'reproductive cloning'--seen as 'bad', dangerous, and illegitimate. By framing news stories as they do, the print news media are likely to exert a powerful influence on public responses to health problems. With new genetic technologies becoming more integrated in preventive medicine and public health, it is important to investigate how news stories help shape the agenda for public debate. PMID:11281408

Petersen, A

2001-04-01

244

Content-based analysis of news video  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present a schema for content-based analysis of broadcast news video. First, we separate commercials from news using audiovisual features. Then, we automatically organize news programs into a content hierarchy at various levels of abstraction via effective integration of video, audio, and text data available from the news programs. Based on these news video structure and content analysis technologies, a TV news video Library is generated, from which users can retrieve definite news story according to their demands.

Yu, Junqing; Zhou, Dongru; Liu, Huayong; Cai, Bo

2001-09-01

245

Making News Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one teacher uses news articles to teach connections between the present-day real world and the books that her students read. Notes that her intent is to help readers transfer concepts from one domain (their reading) to another (real life). Offers the example of how this was done with the book "The Giver" by Lois Lowry. (SR)

Swiderek, Bobbi

1998-01-01

246

NewsWire, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the 3 2002 issues of the newsletter "NewsWire," (volume 5). Issue Number One focuses on collaborative Web projects. This issue begins with descriptions of four individual projects: "iEARN"; "Operation RubyThroat"; "Follow the Polar Huskies!"; and "Log in Your Animal Roadkill!" Features that follow include: "Bringing the…

Byrom, Elizabeth, Ed.; Bingham, Margaret, Ed.; Bowman, Gloria, Ed.; Shoemaker, Dan, Ed.

2002-01-01

247

Latest Space Shuttle News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from NASA offers the latest news on the space shuttle program. It features a variety of articles on the program. Links to other sites on the shuttle program provide provide resources such as posters, educational materials and interactive resources. Users can use the site to learn more about the most recent space shuttle missions or any of the past missions.

2002-01-01

248

News from LBL  

SciTech Connect

We present a brief summary of recent news from LBL related to accelerator physics. This talk was given on October 29, 1993 at the 6th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on the subject ``Synchro- Betraton Resonances,`` held in Funchal (Madeira, Portugal), October 24--30, 1993.

Furman, M.A.

1994-01-26

249

Smart Start News, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Smart Start is a comprehensive public-private initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and ready to succeed, and provides children from birth to age five access to high-quality and affordable child care, health care, and other critical services. This document comprises the first two issues of "Smart Start News," a…

Harris, Monica, Ed.

1999-01-01

250

Figuring Out Health News  

MedlinePLUS

... Put keywords from the news report into a search engine and see what comes up. The results will give you lots of different perspectives — particularly if the issue is big ... the sites that show up in search results may not have the most accurate and ...

251

Parent News Offline, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of the two issues published in volume 1 (1999) of "Parent News Offline," a newsletter of the National Parent Information Network (NPIN), designed to introduce those without Internet access to the activities and information available through NPIN. The spring 1999 issue contains the following articles: (1) "Child Care:…

Robertson, Anne S., Ed.

1999-01-01

252

Cornell News: New Nanoguitar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This news article provides information about the newest version of the ânanoguitarâ created at Cornell University. The article describes the manufacture of sub-micron oscillators, in this case in the shape of a guitar and how the guitar string vibrations are investigated. The article includes a micrograph of this tiny musical instrument.

2008-07-09

253

Science News For Kids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online publication offers timely, interesting news stories and features, accompanied by suggestions for hands-on activities, books, articles, and web resources. The content areas include atoms and forces, earth and sky, humans and health, life, and tech and math and it is appropriate for children 9-14, their parents, and their teachers.

2007-12-12

254

Commonwealth News Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing scandal over phone-hacking, alleged bribery of senior police officers and the use of convicted private investigators to obtain private information illegally enveloped Rupert Murdoch's global media empire, News Corporation. Murdoch and his son James were questioned by MPs as pressure grew in Britain, and abroad, to curb the tycoon's dominant role. Malta voted to legalise divorce. A corruption

Oren Gruenbaum

2011-01-01

255

News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews library news for 1997. Highlights public library budgets, examined by number of patrons served; Internet filters and censorship; librarians and the media; private and government funding sources; outsourcing; expectations for growth in the publishing industry, emphasizing the Asian economic crisis; and new ideas from the next generation of…

St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Milliot, Jim; Bing, Jonathan

1998-01-01

256

Environmental news reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A collection of 13 news reports ranging in length from 1:30 to 2:16, about a wide range of on-going research dealing with the following environmental issues: remote sensing-water resources, a better soybean ink, kenaf: new paper crop, pesta: to control we...

1994-01-01

257

Antarctic News Clips - 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or r...

1992-01-01

258

The News, Fall 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This fall 2002 newsletter from the Community College League of California contains several articles, news stories, and the brochure from the 2002 Annual Convention, "Celebrating the Way California LEARNS." Articles include: (1) "Nursing Shortage Poses Dilemma for Colleges: Access vs. Efficiency," a discussion of the debate over how to increase…

Giles, Ray, Ed.

2002-01-01

259

2004 News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Utter the news media to anyone and chances are you will be offered an instant judgment of the institution: Fair and balanced defenders of democracy biased liberals watch dogs attack dogs, and let's not forget former U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew's de...

W. Beard J. Benfer J. Bohr R. Castellvi J. Chambers

2004-01-01

260

News from the frontline  

Cancer.gov

News from the Frontline Leslie G. Ford, M.D. Associate Director for Clinical Research Division of Cancer Prevention NCI/NIH/DHHS March 18, 2003 Dr. Elias Zerhouni NIH Director NIH Roadmap: Themes New Pathways to Discovery Re-engineering Clinical Research

261

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of November 30, 2000): 152,139 Men enrolled: 75,565 Women enrolled: 76,574 Number of people enrolled at age: 55-59 49,944 60-64 47,058

262

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Cancer Information Service If you have a question about cancer, call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a nationwide toll-free telephone hotline Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.

263

News About News in a Presidential Primary Campaign: Press Metacoverage on Evening News, Political Talk, and Political Comedy Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines press metacoverage (i.e., news about news) on traditional broadcast network evening news programs, political talk programs on cable television, and political comedy programs. A content analysis found that 2008 presidential primary campaign stories on The O'Reilly Factor, Countdown, and The Daily Show were more likely to cover the news media and to present the news media in

David Wise; Paul R. Brewer

2010-01-01

264

How TV News Meets People's Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

While most programs on television have an entertainment function, TV news is generally seen as meeting people's need for information. However more emotive gratifications are also associated with news- viewing. This study examines gratifications people derive from TV news in relation to their preferences for different types of news. It is found that people who watch TV news for information

John P. Henningham

1982-01-01

265

The NEWS ontology: Design and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

News agencies are one of the main actors in the news business. These agencies produce daily big amounts of digital contents, which need to be managed and distributed to their customers. The NEWS (News Engine Web Services) project, already completed, had as goal to develop tools that, using state of the art technologies, may help news agencies to improve their

Norberto Fernández García; Damaris Fuentes; Luis Sánchez; Jesús Arias-Fisteus

2010-01-01

266

LS-SVM for bad debt risk assessment in enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of market economy in China, the problem of bad debt becomes increasingly serious in enterprises. In this paper, a bad-debt-risk evaluation model is established based on LS-SVM classifier, using a new set of index system which combines financial factors with non-financial factors on the basis of the 5C system evaluation method. The bad debt rating is separated

Yunlong Hu; Yongchen Li

2008-01-01

267

Identification of multiple interacting bad data via power system decomposition  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a new, highly robust bad data identification algorithm for electric power system state estimation. A system decomposition scheme is coupled with the least median of squares estimator to allow identification of multiple interacting bad data even in cases of conforming errors. The algorithm is inherently resistant to bad measurements in positions of leverage, makes no a priori measurement error probability distribution assumptions, and is applicable in a real-time environment.

Cheniae, M.G.; Mili, L. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Bradley Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Rousseeuw, P.J. [Univ. Instelling Antwerpen (Belgium). Mathematics Dept.

1996-08-01

268

Employee bad behavior: selected thoughts and strategies.  

PubMed

In summary, bad behavior is prevalent in many acute care settings. Kupperschmidt (2006) once asked if it would take a mandate from a regulatory agency to get nurses to address horizontal hostility. Perhaps the answer to that question is "Yes" and we now have that mandate. Nursing Managers and Executives are challenged to demonstrate competence in effective behavior management. Role modeling integrity by adherence to standards and governing policies motivates employees to follow such examples. Inspiring environments that allow professionals to share talents and skills in a "safe" culture of practice promotes healthy work environments and defines successful behavior management. PMID:19263953

Reinholz, Becky; Cash, Jimmie K; Kupperschmidt, Betty

269

Video games: good, bad, or other?  

PubMed

Video games are a pervasive pastime among children and adolescents. The growing popularity of video games has instigated a debate among parents, researchers, video game producers, and policymakers concerning potential harmful and helpful effects of video games on children. This article provides an overview of research findings on the positive and negative effects of video games, thus providing an empirical answer to the question, are video games good or bad? The article also provides some guidelines to help pediatricians, parents, and other caregivers protect children from negative effects and to maximize positive effects of video games. PMID:22643171

Prot, Sara; McDonald, Katelyn A; Anderson, Craig A; Gentile, Douglas A

2012-06-01

270

Global warming, bad weather, insurance losses and the global economy  

SciTech Connect

Global warming causes extremely bad weather in the near term. The impact on the insurance industry is described. Why global warming in the near term causes very bad weather is explained. The continuing trend of very bad weather and the future impact on the insurance industry is explored. How very bad weather can affect the global financial market is explained. Taking a historical view of the development of the modern economy, the authors describe in the near term the impact of global warming on the global economy. The long term impact of global warming on the global economy and the human race is explored. Opportunities presented by global warming are described.

Low, N.C. [UOB Life Assurance Ltd., Singapore (Singapore); Shen, S. [Global Warming International Center, Woodridge, IL (United States)

1996-09-01

271

Discursive Positioning in a Fifth-Grade Writing Lesson: The Making of a "Bad, Bad Boy"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article the author draws on the concept of positioning to examine how language is used during one particular fifth-grade writing lesson to construct both the lesson and the participants. The author's analysis of the classroom interactions makes visible how participants colluded to position one student in particular, Larnell, as a "bad,…

Collins, Kathleen M.

2011-01-01

272

Bad apples in bad (business) barrels : The love of money, machiavellianism, risk tolerance, and unethical behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to attempt to use several variables measured at Time 1 to predict cluster membership (bad apples vs good apples) measured at Time 2 and investigate possible differences between business and psychology students in unethical behavior. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Business and psychology students' propensity to engage in unethical behavior (PUB), the love of money,

Thomas Li-Ping Tang; Yuh-Jia Chen; Toto Sutarso

2008-01-01

273

Gradual adaptation of HIV to human host populations: good or bad news?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continuous evolution and adaptation of HIV to its host has produced extensive global viral diversity. Understanding the kinetics and directions of this continuing adaptation and its impact on viral fitness, immunogenicity and pathogenicity will be crucial to the successful design of effective HIV vaccines. Here we discuss some potential scenarios of viral and host coevolution.

Bruce D Walker; Christian Brander

2003-01-01

274

Bad News: How the Press Covers (or Doesn't Cover) Hispanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes newspaper coverage of Hispanics during a seven-day period in Los Angeles, San Antonio, New York, Chicago, and Washington, D.C. Discusses media bias. Rates stories "positive" or "negative" in business, culture, crime, public issues, and people. Discusses elements affecting Hispanic coverage, including newspapers' readerships, staffs, and…

Heller, Michele A.

1992-01-01

275

Bad News Travels Slowly: Size, Analyst Coverage, and the Profitability of Momentum Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various theories have been proposed to explain momentum in stock returns. We test the gradual-information-diffusion model of Hong and Stein ~1999! and estab- lish three key results. First, once one moves past the very smallest stocks, the profitability of momentum strategies declines sharply with firm size. Second, hold- ing size fixed, momentum strategies work better among stocks with low analyst

HARRISON HONG; TERENCE LIM; JEREMY C. STEIN

1999-01-01

276

Just ‘good and bad news’? Disciplinary imaginaries of head teachers in Australian and English print media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian and English print media are actively engaged in producing reports that claim to find the ‘best schools’, the ‘real state of education’, and ‘star head teachers’. This article considers the production of knights and dames, maverick heads and struggling schools. It argues that some of these stories are clearly the products of departmental press bureau activities and policy agendas.

Jill Blackmore; Pat Thomson

2004-01-01

277

Changing trends in antimicrobial-resistant pneumococci: it's not all bad news.  

PubMed

In the early 1990s, we witnessed a dramatic and relentless increase in multidrug-resistant pneumococci worldwide. However, there is now evidence of decreasing resistance to some antimicrobials in some regions of the world. This may well be a result of several initiatives to promote the judicious use of antimicrobials, as well as the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, suggesting that the fight against resistance is maybe not futile. PMID:16032557

Low, Donald E

2005-08-15

278

Gradual adaptation of HIV to human host populations: good or bad news?  

PubMed

The continuous evolution and adaptation of HIV to its host has produced extensive global viral diversity. Understanding the kinetics and directions of this continuing adaptation and its impact on viral fitness, immunogenicity and pathogenicity will be crucial to the successful design of effective HIV vaccines. Here we discuss some potential scenarios of viral and host coevolution. PMID:14595431

Brander, Christian; Walker, Bruce D

2003-11-01

279

IS THE HYGIENE EFFECT BAD NEWS FOR THE CONTROL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES?  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The relationship between bacterial exposure and the allergy epidemic has generated much interest. Additionally, a changing prevalence of auto-immune disease has been observed and also linked to the 'hygiene effect'. If exposure to infectious organisms has such a dramatic effect on the expression of aller- gic and auto-immune disease, then surely infection history should also have a profound impact

Gerhard Walzl; Tracy Hussell; Hendrik J Nel

280

GCM (general circulation model)-data intercomparison: The good news and the bad  

SciTech Connect

General circulation models (GCMs) are being actively used to assess possible climate change due to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. Because such simulations provide detailed climatic predictions at a wide range of scales, they are of particular interest to those making regional assessments of climatic change. It is especially important that workers using the results of such simulations be aware of some of the limitations of these results. In this study some of the positive results from these model simulations will be shown and some of the deficiencies will also be highlighted. Following an introductory section describing the nature of GCM climate simulations the issue of the spatial scales of such simulations is examined. A comparison of the results of seven GCM simulations of the current climate and the predictions of these models for the changes due to a doubling of CO{sub 2} will be discussed. In these intercomparisons, the spatial scale over which the results are compared varies from global to zonal (longitudinally averaged at a given latitude) to individual slices through the data along specified latitudes or longitudes. Finally, the dangers and pitfalls of relying on simple averages will be highlighted. 19 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Grotch, S.L.

1990-09-01

281

Bad News Travels Slowly: Size, Analyst Coverage, and the Profitability of Momentum Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various theories have been proposed to explain momentum in stock returns. We test the gradual-information-diffusion model of Hong and Stein (1999) and establish three key results. First, once one moves past the very smallest stocks, the profitability of momentum strategies declines sharply with firm size. Second, holding size fixed, momentum strategies work better among stocks with low analyst coverage. Finally,

Harrison Hong; Terence Lim; Jeremy C. Stein

2000-01-01

282

When debt is bad news: Market reaction to Debt Announcements under Poor Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

With well functioning …nancial intermediaries, debt can be a useful screen- ing and signaling device. However, under poor governance and ine¢ cient and corrupt …nancial system, managers can use the proceeds of debt issues in their own interests, rather than the interests of minority shareholders. Using data from China's …nancial markets, we …nd that bank loan announcements gener- ate negative

Weihua HUANG; Shan ZHAO

283

Telling good from bad news: ADHD differentially affects processing of positive and negative feedback during guessing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neuroimaging studies on ADHD suggest abnormalities in brain regions associated with decision-making and reward processing such as the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and orbitofrontal cortex. Recently, event-related potential (ERP) studies demonstrated that the ACC is involved in processing feedback signals during guessing and gambling. The resulting negative deflection, the ‘feedback-related negativity’ (FRN) has been interpreted as reflecting an error in

Catharina S. van Meel; Jaap Oosterlaan; Dirk J. Heslenfeld; Joseph A. Sergeant

2005-01-01

284

Bad Economic News: Worried American Families Face Uncertain Future. Family Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses the uncertain economic future facing American families. Specific issues examined include: (1) the weakening economy's impact on low- to middle-wage families; (2) federal income tax rebate checks; (3) shrinking federal budget surplus and shifting of funding from child care for younger children to care for older children; and (4) ways to…

Lindjord, Denise

2001-01-01

285

Security analysts and 'bad news’: a note on 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous stock market studies over the last two decades have provided evidence of anomalous price behaviour that is consistent with over-reaction to information. Security analysts’ forecasts of corporate earnings are often seen as a potential driver for prices and so have also been investigated for evidence of over-reaction. While excessive volatility in analysts’ forecasts is reported in DeBondt and Thaler

Simon Hussain

2006-01-01

286

Security analysts and ‘bad news’: a note on 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous stock market studies over the last two decades have provided evidence of anomalous price behaviour that is consistent with over-reaction to information. Security analysts’ forecasts of corporate earnings are often seen as a potential driver for prices and so have also been investigated for evidence of over-reaction. While excessive volatility in analysts’ forecasts is reported in DeBondt and Thaler

Simon Hussain

2006-01-01

287

The Standard of Care: Legal History and Definitions: the Bad and Good News  

PubMed Central

The true meaning of the term “the standard of care” is a frequent topic of discussion among emergency physicians as they evaluate and perform care on patients. This article, using legal cases and dictums, reviews the legal history and definitions of the standard of care. The goal is to provide the working physician with a practical and useful model of the standard of care to help guide daily practice.

Moffett, Peter; Moore, Gregory

2011-01-01

288

Will They Report It? Ethical Attitude of Graduate Software Engineers in Reporting Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hiding critical information has resulted in disastrous failures of some major software projects. This paper investigates, using a subset of Keil's test, how graduates (70% of them with work experience) from different cultural backgrounds who are enrolled in a postgraduate course on global software development would handle negative information…

Sajeev, A. S. M.; Crnkovic, Ivica

2012-01-01

289

The attitude towards disclosure of bad news to cancer patients in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Disclosing the diagnosis or prognosis to cancer patients in Saudi Arabia can be a serious challenge to the physician in his daily clinic practice. The public attitude towards full disclosure is still conservative, and in order to appropriately deal with such an attitude, physicians need to deeply understand its sociocultural background. This article attempts to look into what governs the public attitude towards disclosure in Saudi Arabia as an example of what may affect attitudes in developing countries. It also brings some data from local surveys among physicians and patients as well as from public surveys to describe the changing trend in attitude over the years with a comparative analysis of the Western literature.

Aljubran, Ali H.

2010-01-01

290

Bad News Travel Fast: A Content-based Analysis of Interestingness on Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT On the microblogging site Twitter, users can forward any message they receive to all of their followers. This is called a retweet and is usually done when users find a message particularly interesting and worth sharing with others. Thus, retweets reflect what the Twitter community considers interesting on a global scale, and can be used as a function of

Nasir Naveed; Thomas Gottron; Jérôme Kunegis; Arifah Che Alhadi

2011-01-01

291

The anatomy of a news search engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, news browsing and searching is one of the most important Internet activity. This paper introduces a general framework to build a News search engine by describing Velthune, an academic News search engine available on line.

Antonio Gulli

2005-01-01

292

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2010-01-01

293

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2009-01-01

294

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2013-01-01

295

International News Bowwowing: A Trend Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Concludes that the increased "borrowing" of news from foreign news agencies may not be due to the declining number of United States foreign correspondents but to Third World restrictions on access to news. (FL)|

Riffe, Daniel

1984-01-01

296

Environmental News Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Link Web site is published by Capital Reports, which was founded in 1980 by former lobbyist Brian Sturtevant and is self described as a pioneer in specialized environmental policy reporting. Offering an alternative to mainstream sites, visitors can read timely articles on some of the most important environmental news stories of the day. A few of the recent entries include stories about new toxic air emission rules, potential changes to BLM grazing regulations, and how the EPA is providing tools to improve septic system management. Although the articles are very succinct and no links are offered for additional information, those seeking quick updates will appreciate the well laid out and easily read articles.

2003-01-01

297

World Bank: News & Broadcast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From logistics to international development, the World Bank's News & Broadcast website is worth bookmarking, particularly for public policy types, international affairs scholars, and anyone with a penchant for global matters. The homepage presents a news area, complete with icons which indicate whether there is video or audio associated with each item. Not only is it a good way to learn about the World Bank's activities, it is another way to stay on top of economic development strategies, political unrest, and foreign investment patterns. Visitors to the site can search all of the media available here, look over the World Bank's YouTube channel, and sign up for their RSS feed. Those persons looking for specific types of information can find a number of categories, including "Speeches", and "Issue Briefs".

298

Pesticides: the good and the bad.  

PubMed

Pesticides have been used for many years. In earlier times they were a protection against fungi and insect pests. The great increase in the use of pesticides occurred with the development of new organic chemicals following World Wars I and II. In addition to chemicals for the control of fungi and insects, new developments were nematocides, herbicides, rodenticides, avicides, defoliants, wood preservatives, etc. The use of chemicals helped increase productivity, but caused great concern about their effect on human health and safety. On the other hand, chemicals did help tremendously from the standpoint of protecting against diseases that were carried by insects, especially mosquitoes. Adverse publicity has caused great concern about pesticides and this is especially so since our society has undergone great changes from an agricultural society to an industrial society and finally to a communications society. Unfortunately, publicity relating to the use of pesticides has seldom been balanced from the standpoint of the good and the bad. In fact, the communications media has and does usually stress the potential adverse effects of pesticides without reference to the good. This has caused concern on the part of advocates and the average person to the extent that it has placed heavy constraints on agriculture. There is a need for the dissemination of balanced information on the good as well as the bad of pesticides. PMID:6425996

Mrak, E M

1984-03-01

299

Geomorphology in the news  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each student must choose a current news article that relates to geomorphology. Each student will given an oral presentation about the article, including a synopsis of the story and a description of geomorphic processes that are involved. The other students are able to ask questions. The activity gives the students a chance to relate what they are learning about in class to current events and social issues. Designed for a geomorphology course Has minimal/no quantitative component

Gasparini, Nicole

300

Botanical Electronic News (BEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electronic newsletter BEN contains recent news about research and researchers in botany. Produced at least once a month by Dr. A. Ceska, the focus of BEN is primarily botany in British Columbia, Canada, and the adjacent Pacific Northwest (US). The BEN homepage offers users access to all issues of BEN back to 1995 (issue 115); articles vary in depth but often include links to substantial online information, such as publications, keys, or other useful resources.

301

Contact: Releasing the news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.

Pinotti, Roberto

302

Why Am I in Such a Bad Mood?  

MedlinePLUS

... I in Such a Bad Mood? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > Feelings & Emotions > Why Am I in Such a Bad Mood? Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? (click to view) When It's More Than Just a Mood Taking Control Do you ever find yourself getting really irritable ...

303

Bad situation awareness designs: What went wrong and why  

Microsoft Academic Search

When designing systems for individuals the goal is to develop a product that the user can interact with effectively and efficiently. Bad designs can lead to products that are not used, are ineffective and in some cases dangerous to the end user. Bad designs can also fall prey to SA demons. One way of designing effective products that do not

C. A. Bolstad; A. M. Costello; M. R. Endsley

304

The Application of Markov Chain Model in Bad Debt Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing scale of modern enterprises, the accounts receivable are more and more important, so how better to manage the bad debt of the accounts receivable has become a focus of attention. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of various accounts receivable bad debts management practices, such as percentage of accounts receivable balances, aging analysis, the percentage of

Wei Zhao

2010-01-01

305

The “mad” vs. the “bad” Revisited: Managing Predatory Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the Enlightenment, western democracies have maintained separate institutions for the “mad” and for the “bad.” For the mad they provided protection and treatment, and for the bad, deterrence and punishment. During the past decade, however, increasing social conservatism and the apparent failure of the criminal justice system have resulted in a series of changes in social policy. In

William Tucker

1999-01-01

306

Linking Science and Writing With Two Bad Ants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Two Bad Ants , a fictional story detailing the journey of "two bad ants" that stray from their colony and choose to stay in a container full of large, white, sweet-tasking crystals (sugar)--was the catalyst for an engaging five-day study with third

Fournier, Ingrid H.; Edison, Leslie D.

2009-07-01

307

NewsRec, a Personal Recommendation System for News Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavior of how individuals select and read news depends on the underlying media for reproduction. Today, the use of news websites is increasing. Online readers usually have to click on abstracts or headlines in order to see full articles. This kind of selection of information is less pleasant than in traditional newspapers where glancing over the whole layout of

Christian Bomhardt; Wolfgang Gaul

2004-01-01

308

Bad Pixel Modified Interpolation for Astronomical Images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a new method of interpolation for the pixel brightness estimation in astronomical images. Our new method is simple and easily implementable. We show the comparison of this method with the widely used linear interpolation and other interpolation algorithms using 1000 astronomical images obtained from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The comparison shows that our method improves bad pixel brightness estimation with four times lower mean error than the presently most popular linear interpolation, and performs better than any other examined method. The presented idea is flexible and can be also applied to present and future interpolation methods. The proposed method is especially useful for large sky surveys image reduction but can be also applied to single image correction.

Popowicz, A.; Kurek, A. R.; Filus, Z.

2013-09-01

309

Is Helicobacter pylori good or bad?  

PubMed

Helicobacter pylori remains a controversial organism with regards to humans, with its epidemiology still being unclear nearly two decades after its discovery. The association between H. pylori infection and subsequent development of chronic active gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric cell carcinoma, and B cell mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma has been well established. Current studies, however, suggest that fewer than 20 % of all infected patients will develop any consequences from their infection. Hence, should the infection be considered a disease not at all or, on the contrary, is the microorganism harmful in only some circumstances? This article attempts to weigh the currently available evidence supporting that H. pylori may be good and not always bad. PMID:23132690

Mishra, S

2012-11-07

310

News Consumption and Media Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bias in the market for news is well-documented. Recent research in economics explains the phenomenon by assuming that consumers want to read (watch) news that is consistent with their tastes or prior beliefs rather than the truth. The present paper builds on this idea but recognizes that (i) besides “biased” consumers, there are also “conscientious” consumers whose sole interest is

Yi Xiang; Miklos Sarvary

2007-01-01

311

News Sources and Media Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the relationship between news sources and media firms. Although empirically important, this channel for supply-driven media bias has not previously been analyzed in economics literature. We model the relationship as an informal contract based on trust and punishment, where a news source decides if and how much information to provide to a media firm. Strategic

Armando J. Garcia-Pires; Hans Jarle Kind; Lars Sørgard

2012-01-01

312

Sentiment classification for stock news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web news articles play an important role in stock market. Sentiment classification of news articles can help the investors make investment decisions more efficiently. In this paper, we implemented an approach of Chinese new words detection by using N-gram model and applied the result for Chinese word segmentation and sentiment classification. Appraisal theory was introduced into sentiment analysis and Naive

Yang Gao; Li Zhou; Yong Zhang; Chunxiao Xing; Yigang Sun; Xianzhong Zhu

2010-01-01

313

Getting Out the Good News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A majority of American schools are meeting the challenge of educating children. A New York State district gets out the good news by producing school newsletters and videos, by constant and close contact with the local news media, and by forming ties with local real estate agents. (MLF)|

Paciancia, David

1995-01-01

314

NEWS COVERAGE AND SUPPORT FOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizens depend on information from the mass media when forming their opinion about political issues. Studies have shown that news media coverage of the EU can affect general and policy-specific support for European integration. Extant research has focused on individual-level analyses at specific points in time. The present study considers whether the visibility and the framing of EU news coverage

Rens Vliegenthart; Andreas R. T. Schuck; Hajo G. Boomgaarden; Claes H. De Vreese

315

Automatic Parsing of News Video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video content parsing is possible when one has an a priori model of a video's structure based on domain knowledge. This paper presents work on using domain knowledge to parse content of news video programs. Approaches to locating and identifying frame structure models based on temporal and spatial structure of news video data, along with algorithms to apply these models

Hongjiang Zhang; Yihong Gong; Stephen W. Smoliar; Shuang Yeo Tan

1994-01-01

316

Making Youths Happy News Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Based on the uses and gratifications theory and the Delphi technique, this study did an in-depth investigation among,28 college and high school students on youths’ rationales behind their news consumption behavior. The study concludes that, in years to come, the news industry needs to realize a

Edgar Huang

317

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews important science news stories of 1981 as reported in "Science News." Gives a one-sentence summary and volume and page references for each story. Groups items by topic including space and astronomy, archaeology and anthropology, technology, behavior, science and society, energy, environment, and specific science disciplines. (DC)

Science News, 1981

1981-01-01

318

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of important science news stories of 1989 as reported in the pages of "Science News." Topics include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, environment, food science, math and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (CW)

Science News, 1989

1989-01-01

319

International News Flows in the Post-Cold War World: Mapping the News and the News Producers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the global political environment, major global news providers, and technologies of global news production. Argues for a multinational comparative mapping of international news representation in the 1990s. Outlines a major international venture to update and elaborate the 1979 UNESCO/IAMCR study of foreign news in the media of 29…

Sreberny-Mohammadi, Annabelle

1995-01-01

320

The News Hour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An activity that I successfully used twice in teaching Active Tectonics is one I call "The News Hour," patterned after the PBS New Hour. I generated the idea out of concern that active tectonics sets of class readings are so broad, diverse, and and voluminous that it can be intimidating both for students and faculty to think about how best to prepare for a given class. I concluded that one way to achieve context is to set up a brief dialogue that removes 'geospeak' and centers a focus on societal implications of active tectonic phenomena. ACTIVE TECTONICS, SOCIETY, EARTHQUAKES, MEDIA

Davis, George

321

Internet Archive: TV News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet Archive has created this very ambitious project to bring together over 371,000 news broadcasts of various origins since 2009. Students of communications, media, and related fields will find much to revel in here. Visitors can search all of the captions from each program on the homepage or look at the Recent Extracted Topics word cloud. Not surprisingly, some of the popular words here include "Technology," "Energy," "Defense," and "Environment." Visitors can fine-tune their search by looking for certain programs on select networks in order to get a better sense of different programming styles and nuances.

2012-01-01

322

News@SEI Interactive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University publishes an online quarterly journal called news@sei interactive. The columns and features of the latest installment can be viewed online or downloaded as an Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file. Of particular interest in this issue is the continuation of The Future of Software Engineering, a series of articles that considers industry trends and changes in technology. Another column examines overall Internet security and the risks inherent in doing business online. An archive on the site provides access to all previous issues of the journal, dating back to 1998.

2002-01-01

323

International News and Borrowed News in the New York Times: An Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis shows the number of international news items in the New York Times has decreased over the last 22 years. Roughly one in five items contained second-hand or borrowed news (material first disseminated by and attributed to another news organization), though trend analysis indicates increasing news borrowing. Borrowed news was most common in items from Second World (Communist)

Daniel Riffe; Charles F. Aust; Rhonda J. Gibson; Elizabeth K. Viall; Huiuk Yi

1993-01-01

324

A model for the translation of news agency texts (Sapa) for radio (OFM) news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio news differs from news provided by other media. According to Oosthuizen (1996), radio is an alerting medium. Leiter, Harriss and Johnson (2000) refer to this attribute as immediacy. The time available to news is very limited and this is why radio news stories are condensed into only a few sentences. Furthermore, news for broadcast is written in a conversational

Marlie van Rooyen; Jacobus A Naudé

2009-01-01

325

A Squatter on the Fourth Estate: Google News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buoyed by its brand name, Google News has grown from its beta stage into a popular news site with a significant share of the Internet market for “Current Events and Global News.” The success of Google News raises questions about the nature of news and even the desirability of Google's presenting news. Where does Google News fit into the myriad

Jim Galbraith

2008-01-01

326

News in the age of the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most exciting and successful examples of the Web impacting society is online news. The history of the news industry from print to the online medium is an interesting journey. Broadcast news transformed society by making news available instantly rather than once a day. While more channels became available, barriers to entry remained high and mainstream opinions continued

Krishna Bharat

2005-01-01

327

The Diffusion of "Shocking" Good News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the diffusion of news about the Mormon Church's approval of Blacks for the priesthood revealed that "shocking" good news can ignite the interpersonal communications system, that news has more credibility when obtained from media than when obtained interpersonally, and that people use mass media to verify news obtained interpersonally.…

Haroldsen, Edwin O.; Harvey, Kenneth

1979-01-01

328

Routines and the making of oppositional news  

Microsoft Academic Search

This participant observation study takes a critical look at the idea of “news routines.” By looking at a politically oppositional news room, it is possible to sort through the elements of production to discover just which ones make this radio station's news “oppositional.” Some scholars say that news routines, like the need to show balance or to report events instead

Nina Eliasoph

1988-01-01

329

Trading Strategies To Exploit News Sentiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use quantitative news data generated by a large-scale natural language processing (NLP) news analysis system to perform a comprehensive study on how a company's re- ported news frequency, sentiment polarity and subjectivity anticipates or reflects its stock trading volumes and finan- cial returns. Our analysis provides concrete evidence that news data is highly informative, as previously suggested in the

Wenbin Zhang; Steven Skiena

330

Media deregulation and the online news market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preservation of a diverse news market has been one of the longstanding motivations behind media ownership limitations. Without the checks and balances provided by competition, owner interests may unduly influence the news. The vibrant online news community, which includes thousands of news sites representing a wide range of political viewpoints, has recently been cited as one of the reasons

R. Kelly Garrett

331

48 CFR 1631.205-71 - FEHBP bad debts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS... 1631.205-71 FEHBP bad debts. Erroneous benefit payments are not automatically disallowed by FAR...

2011-10-01

332

Fast Decoupled State Estimation and Bad Data Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents fast-decoupled state estimators, using also decoupled detection and identification of bad data. Bad data is eliminated by pseudo-measurement generation. This procedure avoids gain-matrix retriangulations or the use of modification techniques like Woodbury formula. In the identification process, the diagonal of the covariance matrix of the measurement residuals is calculated using the sparse inverse matrix method. Two main

A. Garcia; A. Monticelli; P. Abreu

1979-01-01

333

Asymmetric antiproton debuncher: No bad mixing, more good mixing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An asymmetric lattice for the Fermilab Antiproton Debuncher is designed. The lattice has zero mixing between the pickups and the kickers (bad mixing) while the mixing in the rest of the machine (good mixing) can be varied (even during the operation of the machine) in order to optimize the stochastic cooling. As an example, a lattice with zero bad mixing and twice the good mixing is presented. The betatron cooling rate in this lattice is twice its present value.

Visnjic, V.

1994-07-01

334

SpatialNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The applications of geographic information systems (GIS) grow with each passing day, and more people are interested in careers in this field. The SpatialNews site is a good way for students and professionals in the GIS field to stay on top of new developments via their feature articles, RSS feeds, and discussion boards. There is a great deal of information on the homepage, and first-time visitors should start by looking over the sections on "GIS Education", "Features", and "Business Bit & Bytes". Some of the more notable feature articles profile the history of GIS, the use of GIS in the military, and the use of GIS during hurricane evacuations. The site is rounded out by a listing of job opportunities and selected comments from the discussion boards.

335

Philosophy News Service (PNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Updated daily, this site offers links to online philosophy news and articles from a variety of sources, though most seem to be located in the US or Australia. Recent items included pieces on the ethics of Kosovo, philosophical counseling, Noam Chomsky and Edward Said, an audio symposium on "Genes, Genesis, and God," and several notices of professional interest. Additional features at the site include PhilosophEye, a special essay with related links offering "philosophical perspectives on matters of public interest," a philosophy calendar, a Question of the Week with posted responses, and related links. The PNS also hosts a mailing list, PNS-List, which shares research and professional announcements for philosophers and philosophy students.

1999-01-01

336

Space Launch Initiative News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of the Space Launch Initiative (SLI) is "to identify feasible options for future NASA space transportation and enable a decision regarding whether the agency should proceed into full-scale development of a new reusable launch vehicle system." This news page has information on current developments, fact sheets, and vehicle concepts. Several technology summaries describe the various areas of research for the SLI. For example, using neural networks in the vehicle's control and navigation would allow for automatic, intelligent adjustments and would take some of the burden off the crew. Safety is one of the primary concerns, which is demonstrated by the articles on crew escape systems and the Integrated Vehicle Health Management system.

2000-01-01

337

BAD Modulates Counterregulatory Responses to Hypoglycemia and Protective Glucoprivic Feeding  

PubMed Central

Hypoglycemia or glucoprivation triggers protective hormonal counterregulatory and feeding responses to aid the restoration of normoglycemia. Increasing evidence suggests pertinent roles for the brain in sensing glucoprivation and mediating counterregulation, however, the precise nature of the metabolic signals and molecular mediators linking central glucose sensing to effector functions are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that protective hormonal and feeding responses to hypoglycemia are regulated by BAD, a BCL-2 family protein with dual functions in apoptosis and metabolism. BAD-deficient mice display impaired glycemic and hormonal counterregulatory responses to systemic glucoprivation induced by 2-deoxy-D-glucose. BAD is also required for proper counterregulatory responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia as evident from significantly higher glucose infusion rates and lower plasma epinephrine levels during hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemic clamps. Importantly, RNA interference-mediated acute knockdown of Bad in the brain provided independent genetic evidence for its relevance in central glucose sensing and proper neurohumoral responses to glucoprivation. Moreover, BAD deficiency is associated with impaired glucoprivic feeding, suggesting that its role in adaptive responses to hypoglycemia extends beyond hormonal responses to regulation of feeding behavior. Together, these data indicate a previously unappreciated role for BAD in the control of central glucose sensing.

Osundiji, Mayowa A.; Godes, Marina L.; Evans, Mark L.; Danial, Nika N.

2011-01-01

338

TV Producer Juggles Daily News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brennan discusses the daily activities required in the production of a television news show. In "The Not-So-Glamorous Life of a TV Reporter," Linda Yu describes the time and effort required to become a television reporter. (LS)|

Brennan, Bill

1989-01-01

339

Microbial Control News - November 2011  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This is the first of a column in the Society for Invertebrate Pathology Newsletter. Entitled "Microbial Control News" this article summarizes regulatory actions in the U.S. and Canada regarding microbial insect pest control agents....

340

Good News About Childhood Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Good News About Childhood Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of Contents ... 85 percent for the most common form of childhood cancer (acute lymphoblastic leukemia or ALL). During the ...

341

Increasing Learning from TV News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an experiment that manipulated two variables, repetition and pausing for viewer "digestion" of information in a news telecast. Concludes that the use of repetition increased viewers' retention of information, but that pauses did not. (FL)|

Perloff, Richard M.; And Others

1982-01-01

342

NEAT: News Exploration Along Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a There are a number of efforts towards building applications that leverage temporal information in documents. The demonstration\\u000a of our NEAT (News Exploration Along Time) prototype system that we propose here, is an attempt towards building an intuitive\\u000a and exploratory interface for search results over large news archives using timelines. The demonstration uses the New York\\u000a Times Annotated Corpus as an

Omar Alonso; Klaus Berberich; Srikanta J. Bedathur; Gerhard Weikum

2010-01-01

343

Phosphorylation and Inactivation of BAD by Mitochondria-Anchored Protein Kinase A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Signaling pathways between cell surface receptors and the BCL-2 family of proteins regulate cell death. Survival factors induce the phosphorylation and inactivation of BAD, a proapoptotic member. Purification of BAD kinase(s) identified membrane-based cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) as a BAD Ser-112 (S112) site-specific kinase. PKA-specific inhibitors blocked the IL-3-induced phosphorylation on S112 of endogenous BAD as well as mitochondria-based BAD

Hisashi Harada; Brian Becknell; Matthias Wilm; Matthias Mann; Lily Jun-shen Huang; Susan S. Taylor; John D. Scott; Stanley J. Korsmeyer

1999-01-01

344

Profile: Uses and values for news on cable television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cable subscribers who are regular users of television news indicated that broadcast stations were the dominant source of news across all dayparts. Cable news dependent subscribers were more likely than broadcast news dependent subscribers to use cable news on a regular basis and tune to cable in a national crisis. They were younger, compared cable news more favorably to broadcast

Thomas F. Baldwin; Marianne Barrett; Benjamin Bates

1992-01-01

345

Oppositional Readings of Network Television News: Viewer Deconstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an empirical study regarding deconstruction by network television news viewers. We define news deconstruction as the identification and criticism of ideology in news by its viewers. Twelve viewers were given surveys about the news, shown videotapes of NBC news, and asked to fill out cognitive response forms during viewing. We explained our studies of news deconstruction and

Kenneth L. Hacker; Tara G. Coste; Daniel F. Kamm; Carl R. Bybee

1991-01-01

346

Homespun to Hard-News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During his career as the publisher of a Vietnamese newspaper, Yen Do would frequently buy articles from writers even if he never intended to use them--just because he knew how badly they needed the income. For that reason, Yen would sometimes pay a triple fee to freelance writers. And for the same reason, he typically wouldn't fire the occasional…

Lum, Lydia

2006-01-01

347

Arousing News Characteristics in Dutch Television News 1990–2004: An Exploration of Competitive Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the processes by which competition in the television news market might promote the presence of arousing characteristics in television news. A total of 3,024 news stories from six Dutch television news programs over the period 1990 to 2004 were investigated through content analysis. The findings of the study show overall increases in all 6 arousing characteristics. The

Paul Hendriks Vettehen; Johannes Beentjes; Koos Nuijten; Allerd Peeters

2010-01-01

348

Using the internet for news and perceptions of news organization bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reveal perceptions of news organization bias among people who use the internet. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data for this study were drawn from the Pew Research Center June 2005 News Interest Index. Respondents were asked if news organizations were politically biased in their reporting. Another question asked respondents if news organizations had a

Thomas B. Christie

2009-01-01

349

A knowledge visualization model for evaluating Internet news agencies on conflicting news  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of the Internet, the news agencies have published news on their websites for the internet readers. This improvement enables Internet readers to access news easily and also to gain information and knowledge in real time manner. Since there are many online news agencies and online newspapers, readers generally have difficulty to decide which newspaper or agency provides

I. T. Medeni; S. Peker; M. E. Uyar

2011-01-01

350

Antarctic news clips - 1992  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or refers to Antarctica in some way - whether it is focused on the science done there, or on the people who play such a large part in the work accomplished, or on the issues related to it. No attempt has been made to correlate the number of articles, or their length, with the importance of the subjects treated. Clippings are provided to the Foundation by a service that searches for items containing the phrase 'National Science Foundation'. Identical versions of many stories, especially those written and distributed by wire services such as the Associated Press and United Press International, and by syndicated columnists, are published in numerous papers across the United States. Other articles are submitted from a variety of sources, including interested readers across the United States and in New Zealand.

1992-07-01

351

When Do Women Get a Voice? Explaining the Presence of Female News Sources in Belgian News Broadcasts (2003—5)  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than a decade now, it has been demonstrated that female news sources receive little attention in television news. Usually women account for no more than 20—25 percent of total time devoted to people speaking in the news. This article assesses when exactly female news sources are depicted in the news, using a dataset of 25,896 news items and

Knut De Swert; Marc Hooghe

2010-01-01

352

Bad pixel replacement based on spatial statistics for IR sensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IR focal plane arrays typically contain bad pixels. Bad pixels have to be corrected because those can significantly impair the performance of target-detection algorithms. On the other hand, particularly as an aid to visual interpretation, it is desirable to replace the bad pixels. IR image contains spatial information and is correlative in spatial domain. In spatial statistics the semivariogram is an important function that relates semivariance to sampling lag. This function can characterize the spatial dependence of each point on its neighbor and provide a concise and unbiased description of the scale and pattern of spatial variability. One of the main reasons for deriving semivariogram is to use it in the process of estimation. Kriging is an interpolation and estimation technique that considers both the distance and the degree of variation between known data points when estimating values in unknown areas. In this paper a new technique based on spatial statistics is developed for bad pixel replacement. The main objective of the technique is to replace bad pixels through Kriging estimation. Theory analysis and experiments show that the method is reasonable and efficient.

Meng, Xiang-Long; Zhang, Wei; Cong, Ming-Yu; Cao, Yi-Ming; Bao, Wen-Zhuo

2010-05-01

353

The Daily News - Free Internet Sources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Daily News - Free Internet Sources. A catalog of those sites on the Internet that provide significant business and economic news on a daily basis, without charge. Includes publications organized by geographic regions around the world.

1995-01-01

354

FindLaw Legal News and Commentary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FindLaw (discussed in the February 23, 1996 Scout Report) offers this legal news section to its arsenal of law resources. Daily news feeds from Reuters are available in fourteen categories at this time, ranging from telecommunications to US Justice Department to various types of litigation news. There is a searchable archive, and email updates are available. This is an effective, one-stop shopping site featuring descriptive stories about the legal news of the day.

1994-01-01

355

A Reconsideration of Bias in the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses conceptual problems with the traditional approach to the study of news bias; reports on a study conducted with 73 college students, which yielded data supporting the thesis that what news consumers see as biased news is often material that is discrepant with what they already believe. (GT)|

Stevenson, Robert L.; Greene, Mark T.

1980-01-01

356

Cancer News Coverage and Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shift toward viewing patients as active consumers of health information raises questions about whether individuals respond to health news by seeking additional information. This study examines the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking using a national survey of adults aged 18 years and older. A Lexis-Nexis database search term was used to identify Associated Press (AP) news

Jeff Niederdeppe; Dominick L. Frosch; Robert C. Hornik

2008-01-01

357

An Interactive Malaysia Crime News Retrieval System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our overview on crime news retrieval system for Malaysian context. We discuss a framework of an Interactive Malaysia Crime News Retrieval System (i-JEN) from the perspective of technical possibilities. Our main objectives are to construct crime based event; investigate the use of crime based event in improving the classification and clustering; develop an interactive crime news retrieval

Masnizah Mohd; Nazlena Mohamad Ali

2011-01-01

358

Researching Media Convergence and Crossmedia News Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digitization of production has facilitated changes in the organization and practices of journalism. Technological convergence, media convergence and organizational conver- gence have helped change the way in which news is made. A substantial amount of research has been done on news production in general, and television news in particular. However, little research has been done specifically on the production context

IVAR JOHN ERDAL

359

Network Evening News Coverage of Environmental Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on ABC, NBC, and CBS's evening news broadcasts from January 1984 through February 1986, a study examined network news coverage of environmental risk--defined as manmade chemical, biological, and physical agents that create risk in the indoor, outdoor, and occupational environments. Using the Vanderbilt University "Television News Index…

Greenberg, Michael R.; And Others

360

Broadcast news navigation using story segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine tire developed techniques and lessons learned in an operational multimedia exploitation system, Broadcast News Editor (BNE) and Broadcast News Navigator (BNN). BNE captures, analyzes, annotates, segments, summarizes, and stores broadcast news audio, video and textual data within tlte context of multimedia database system BNN provides web based retrieval tools from the multimedia

Andrew Merlino; Daryl Morey; Mark T. Maybury

1997-01-01

361

Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the American political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed. This occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about However, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues. Thus, in this article, news discourse is conceived

Zhongdang Pan; Gerald M. Kosicki

1993-01-01

362

Television News Viewing by Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on personal interviews with 166 men and women older than age 65 and 246 mail questionnaires, this study finds that older people prefer television for national and world news, but newspapers for local news. Of television programs, both men and women prefer news and public affairs programs highest, but thereafter women prefer educational programs next while men favor sports

R. Irwin Goodman

1990-01-01

363

Musical News: Popular Music in Political Movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to a survey of activists, popular musicians perform a journalistic role in political movements. By serving as an alternative headline service, these musicians continue and update an ancient musical news tradition. From the lyrical poets of ancient Greece to Mexican corridistas, music allowed storytellers to effectively compose, retain, and present news. Although print news replaced lyrical reporting as the

Mark Pedelty

364

Linking online news and social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from

Manos Tsagkias; Maarten de Rijke; Wouter Weerkamp

2011-01-01

365

Linking Online News and Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from

Manos Tsagkias; Maarten de Rijke; Wouter Weerkamp

366

Online News Media Use And Political Tolerance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between online news media use, selectivity in media content, and political tolerance. Tolerance develops as result of exposure to a diversity of ideas and perspectives, which the media provide. Online news use encourages and requires users to selectively expose and navigate through information based on personal choice. Online news permits individuals to choose information based

Jessi Mccabe

2010-01-01

367

Creating Reality: How TV News Distorts Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A three-year research project, including more than one year in a network affiliate station, provided the material for an analysis of current practices in television news programming. Based on the thesis that the organization of news encourages the oversimplification of events, this analysis traces the foundation of the bias called the "news

Altheide, David L.

368

A Proactive Personalized Mobile News Recommendation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recommendation Systems have become an important research area in mobile computing. Although various recommendation systems have been developed to help users to deal with information overload, few systems focus on proactive information recommendation. This paper presents a news recommender system that proactively pushes just-in-time personalized news articles to mobile users based on user's contextual information as well as news content.

Kam Fung Yeung; Yanyan Yang

2010-01-01

369

Cankao Xiaoxi: News for China's Cadre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports that middle-level Chinese government officials are given almost verbatim translations of selected news stories and commentary from around the world in a publication called "News for Reference," which is widely distributed in China by the Hsinhua news agency. (FL)|

Atwood, L. Erwin; Lin, N.

1982-01-01

370

News Resources on the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes up-to-date news sources that are presently available on the Internet and World Wide Web. Highlights include electronic newspapers; AP (Associated Press) sources and Reuters; sports news; stock market information; New York Times; multimedia capabilities, including CNN Interactive; and local and regional news. (LRW)|

Notess, Greg R.

1996-01-01

371

Perceptions of Advertising Influence on Broadcast News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…

Brown, Hubert W.; Barnes, Beth E.

2001-01-01

372

Making the News: Jobs in TV Journalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What do TV news workers do each day? For many of them, contributing to daily news broadcasts has changed greatly over the years. This evolution will likely continue for years to come. And more changes to news production are expected, according to Tom Weir, an associate professor at the University of South Carolina's School of Journalism and Mass…

Csorny, Lauren

2009-01-01

373

Perceptions of Advertising Influence on Broadcast News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…

Brown, Hubert W.; Barnes, Beth E.

2001-01-01

374

The health effects of leaving school in a bad economy.  

PubMed

This study investigates the lasting health effects of leaving school in a bad economy. Three empirical patterns motivate this study: Leaving school in a bad economy has persistent and negative career effects, career and health outcomes are correlated, and fluctuations in contemporaneous economic conditions affect health in the short-run. I draw data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Age 40 Health Supplement. Members of my sample left school between 1976 and 1992. I find that men who left school when the school-leaving state unemployment rate was high have worse health at age 40 than otherwise similar men, while leaving school in a bad economy lowers depressive symptoms at age 40 among women. A 1 percentage point increase in the school-leaving state unemployment rate leads to a 0.5% to 18% reduction in the measured health outcomes among men and a 6% improvement in depressive symptoms among women. PMID:23994070

Maclean, Johanna Catherine

2013-07-31

375

Target detection based on polarization imaging under bad illumination conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visible light imaging is one of the major means of current imaging. But the disadvantages of heavily depending on light conditions greatly limit visible light imaging. How to detect targets effectively under bad illumination conditions is a valuable research direction. Compared with the intensity imaging, the technology of polarization imaging has many advantages and extends the image information from three-dimension (light intensity, spectrum and space) to multi-dimension (the degree of polarization, angle of polarization, the polarization ellipticity and direction of rotation are added). In this paper, the method using polarization imaging technique to improve the ability of target detection and imaging quality under bad illumination conditions is proposed. Experimental results have verified the insensitivity of polarization imaging to illumination and the adaptability of polarization imaging realized the effective detection of the target and improved the target imaging quality under bad illumination conditions.

Han, Yu-sheng; Mao, Bao-ping; Wang, Yong

2013-09-01

376

Optical Long Baseline Interferometry News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Optical Long Baseline Interferometry News is a website and forum for scientists, engineers, and students who share an interest in long baseline stellar interferometry. It was established in 1995 and is the focus of activity of the IAU Working Group on Optical/Infrared Interferometry. Here you will find links to projects devoted to stellar interferometry, news items, recent papers and preprints, and resources for further research. The email news forum was established in 2001 to complement the website and to facilitate exchanges and collaborations. The forum includes an email exploder and an archived list of discussions. You are invited to explore the forum and website at http://olbin.jpl.nasa.gov. Work by PRL was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Lawson, P. R.; Malbet, F.

2005-12-01

377

AIDS and the news media.  

PubMed

News reports on AIDS have appeared at a time of general public concern about health risks, and, like the coverage of risk, the reporting on AIDS has been controversial. Perceptions of this disease have been linked to economic and personal stakes, professional ideologies, administrative responsibilities, and moral beliefs. It is from this perspective that news coverage of AIDS must be understood. The norms and practices of journalism, the technical uncertainties of risk evaluation, and the pressures placed on the media by various interests have influenced the reporting on this disease. However, media reports also shape the social context of the epidemic, affecting public perceptions, personal behavior, and policy agendas. PMID:1791792

Nelkin, D

1991-01-01

378

What's News, What's Not? Associating News Videos with Words  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text retrieval from broadcast news video is unsatisfactory, because a transcript word frequently does not directly 'describe' the shot when it was spoken. Extending the retrieved region to a window around the matching keyword provides better recall, but low precision. We im- prove on text retrieval using the following approach: First we segment the visual stream into coherent story-like units,

Pinar Duygulu; Alexander G. Hauptmann

2004-01-01

379

Adaptive model for recommendation of news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most news recommender systems try to identify users' interests and news' attributes and use them to obtain recommendations. Here we propose an adaptive model which combines similarities in users' rating patterns with epidemic-like spreading of news on an evolving network. We study the model by computer agent-based simulations, measure its performance and discuss its robustness against bias and malicious behavior. Subject to the approval fraction of news recommended, the proposed model outperforms the widely adopted recommendation of news according to their absolute or relative popularity. This model provides a general social mechanism for recommender systems and may find its applications also in other types of recommendation.

Medo, Matúš; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Zhou, Tao

2009-11-01

380

Temporal and Cross Correlations in Business News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We empirically investigate temporal and cross correlations inthe frequency of news reports on companies, using a dataset of more than 100 million news articles reported in English by around 500 press agencies worldwide for the period 2003--2009. Our first finding is that the frequency of news reports on a company does not follow a Poisson process, but instead exhibits long memory with a positive autocorrelation for longer than one year. The second finding is that there exist significant correlations in the frequency of news across companies. Specifically, on a daily time scale or longer the frequency of news is governed by external dynamics, while on a time scale of minutes it is governed by internal dynamics. These two findings indicate that the frequency of news reports on companies has statistical properties similar to trading volume or price volatility in stock markets, suggesting that the flow of information through company news plays an important role in price dynamics in stock markets.

Mizuno, T.; Takei, K.; Ohnishi, T.; Watanabe, T.

381

Global Awareness through Video News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At Tokai University (Japan), an English-as-a-Second-Language course in global issues through video uses the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's monthly video magazine "News in Review", published eight months a year for use in Canadian English-medium schools. Of the four segments in each magazine, usually two are about Canada or international…

MacDonald, Errol

382

The News International Newspapers’ intranet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1985, News International has maintained an in-house database which provides access to several daily and Sunday newspaper titles and has developed into a powerful research tool for librarians and journalists. A plan to provide a web-based front end to the Editorial Database led to the development of an Editorial Services Intranet which also makes available content produced by Reference

Gertrud Erbach; Lynda Iley

1999-01-01

383

BBC News: Italy's Earthquake History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This BBC News article lists the long line of earthquake history in Italy from the year 1693 to 1997. The article describes the intensity and also the damages caused by each earthquake. Images and links for further information are included as well.

2009-04-14

384

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a review of important science news stories of 1990 as reported in the pages of this journal. Areas covered include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, computers and math, earth sciences, environment, food science, materials science, paleobiology, physics, science and society, and space sciences. (CW)

Science News, 1990

1990-01-01

385

Look at the News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the paper is to discuss in some detail the news media's weakness and responsibilities: To determine a means whereby the media can make a profit, remain free from governmental control and still provide the American public with balanced, undi...

C. W. McKenzie

1973-01-01

386

Bad Science and Its Social Implications: Historical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper inquires into the topic of bad science and its social implications by examining selected issues aimed at elucidating some of the brute facts of scientific progress. It should be noted that the paper is also situated in at least 3 of the 10 overarching thematic strands that form the basis of the societal studies standards: cultural…

Zeidler, Dana L.; Sadler, Troy D.

387

Association among Bad Breath, Body Mass Index, and Alcohol Intake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bad breath is a common condition, difficult to assess in the general population. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that a self-administered questionnaire can help identify factors associated with greater risk of oral malodor. Persons (n = 88) undergoing routine medical check-ups completed a questionnaire including 38 questions on general and oral health, dietary habits, and their own

M. Rosenberg; T. Knaan; D. Cohen

2007-01-01

388

Inconsistency: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inconsistency is commonplace in the real world and is an accepted part of life. Inconsistency is a multi-dimensional issue that includes: causes, types, interpretations, circumstances, desirability, detection approaches, handling strategies, and significance measures. In this paper, we focus our attention on the desirability dimension for inconsistency. It turns out that not all inconsistencies are bad, some are even desirable. We

Du Zhang

2009-01-01

389

Motivational neuroscience: instant desire for something you know is bad.  

PubMed

Avoiding what you know is bad is a major challenge for recovering addicts. New research suggests that powerful desire can develop even for cues that have always been repulsive. Memories about learned cues can promote addiction in certain conditions. PMID:23518054

Crystal, Jonathon D

2013-03-18

390

An Efficient Dynamic State Estimation Algorithm including Bad Data Processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a comparison between the performance of dynamic and tracking estimators, in power systems operating under quasi-static conditions, concerning their characteristics of forecasting and filtering. From this comparison a new dynamic estimator which incorporates the main advantages of the previous estimators is proposed. Also, a new scheme of detection and identification of bad data properly built for dynamic

A. M. Leite da Silva; J. M. C. Cantera

1987-01-01

391

Phytate: A good or a bad food component?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since phytate was first identified as a naturally-occurring organic compound found in all plant life, phytate has been badly maligned. Most studies concentrated on its mineral-binding capacity which may result in marginal or frank mineral deficiencies in animals and humans. Currently, there is evidence that dietary phytate may have beneficial effects. Positive effects against carcinogenesis have been shown with in

Barbara F. Harland; Eugene R. Morris

1995-01-01

392

Regulation of BAD phosphorylation at serine 112 by the Ras-mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The function of the pro-apoptotic molecule BAD is regulated by phosphorylation of two sites, serine-112 (Ser-112) and serine-136 (Ser-136). Phosphorylation at either site results in loss of the ability of BAD to heterodimerize with the survival proteins BCL-XL or BCL-2. Phosphorylated BAD binds to 14-3-3 and is sequestered in the cytoplasm. It has been shown that phosphorylation of BAD at

Xianjun Fang; Shuangxing Yu; Astrid Eder; Muling Mao; Robert C Bast; Douglas Boyd; Gordon B Mills

1999-01-01

393

76 FR 58784 - Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...unreasonable risk of serious injury or death, Bad Boy failed to inform...Bad Boy is subject to civil penalties for its knowing failure to...unreasonable risk of serious injury or death, and denies that it violated...Bad Boy shall pay a civil penalty in the amount of seven...

2011-09-22

394

Obesity Stigma in Online News: A Visual Content Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study conducted a content analysis to examine the types of images that accompany online news stories about obesity and to determine how obese people are portrayed in news photographs. Images were selected from news articles about obesity obtained from 5 major news Web sites, during a 2-week period in September of 2009. Images accompanying news stories about obesity (N = 549)

Chelsea A. Heuer; Kimberly J. McClure; Rebecca M. Puhl

2011-01-01

395

Creating and Sustaining an Interest in the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recommends classroom activities and student projects designed to foster an interest in the news. Argues that student participation in active news gathering and interpretation will enable them to recognize news bias and emotional appeal. Suggests production of a newspaper, a newscast, an editorial, and assembly of a news review comparing news from…

Benenson, Wayne

1991-01-01

396

How to Write News for Broadcast and Print Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a primer on the techniques of news writing and the application of those principles to print and broadcast journalism. Chapters include: "The News Media," which presents a brief history of journalism and the foundations on which it is based; "What Is News?"; "Gathering News," which discusses news beats, reporters' qualifications, and…

Dary, David

397

To Kill a Messenger; Television News and the Real World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From his vantage point as News Director of CBS News in Washington, the author examines the role of television news in our society and gives an insider's view of the day-to-day process of selecting and presenting news. Highlighting the book are in-depth discussions of past and recent news events. The Nixon "Checkers" speech, John Kennedy's fight…

Small, William

398

How television news programs use video news releases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video news releases are an important public relations tactic, but use by television stations is difficult to evaluate. While electronic tracking exists, data are rarely shared or published. This study analyzed proprietary data regarding the use of 14 VNRs, which resulted in 4,245 airings across the U.S.Findings indicate all sizes of markets are likely to use VNRs, but smaller markets

Mark D. Harmon; Candace White

2001-01-01

399

The Changing Landscape of Science News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social media are revolutionizing the ways that people communicate and the ways they get their news. Traditional news outlets are in decline, and no subject area is declining faster than science news. Every day there are fewer professional science journalists working in traditional media. On the other hand, ever greater numbers of scientists, science enthusiasts, and online journalists are turning to blogs, podcasts, eBooks, twitter feeds, and social media sites like Facebook and Tumbler to spread news about science. I will present an overview of the state of science journalism and speculate on the likely directions it seems to be heading. I will also offer some general guidelines to help scientists understand what makes a good science news story, as well as suggesting ways that they can get their work in the news.

Riordon, James

2011-03-01

400

News and Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Many readers are trying to modify the way they teach and in so doing are trying to write new types of questions and problems. The Journal has a new online resource, the JCE Internet Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Web site, http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCEWWW/Resources/CQandChP/index.html . The site is a source of questions and problems that can be used in teaching and assessing conceptual understanding and problem solving in chemistry. Here you can find a library of free-response and multiple-choice conceptual questions and challenge problems, tips for writing these questions and problems, and a discussion of types of concept questions. This site is intended to be a means of sharing conceptual questions and challenge problems among chemical educators. It will be as inclusive as possible, and to achieve this readers need to share their questions and alert the authors to references or Web sites. The screen captures shown below should provide a feeling for what you will find when you visit the site. The authors, William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, welcome additions to the library of conceptual questions or other comments or suggestions. Contact them by email, fax, or regular mail. William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1393. Bill: phone: 765/494-5453; fax: 765/494-0239; email: wrrobin@purdue.edu. Sue: phone: 765/494-0823; fax: 765/494-0239; email: nurrenbe@purdue.edu. fax: 765/494-0239. 1998 Ford Foundation Fellowships The National Research Council has announced the recipients of the 1998 fellowships for minority scholars. Three categories of fellowships were awarded: 50 to beginning graduate students, 33 to students writing their dissertations, and 28 to recent Ph.D. recipients. There were about 1,000 applicants. For information about the next competition contact the Fellowship Office of the National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, via email at infofell@nas.edu, or at http://fellowships.nas.edu. 1998 Pre-Doctoral Fellows Rafael Alcala, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Chemical Engineering Diego J. Díaz, Cornell University, Analytical Chemistry Kanya Lynn Henderson, Colorado State University, Biochemistry Félix Mario Rivas, State University of New York, Buffalo, Organic Chemistry 1998 Dissertation Fellows Kristala Lanett Jones, Arizona State University, Chemical Engineering 1998 Postdoctoral Fellows Edgardo Tabión Farinas, Yale University, Interdisciplinary Chemistry Data Base of Online Courses TeleEducation NB, a province-wide distributed distance learning network in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, has implemented an international online course database of more than 9,000 courses. The database includes public and private courses at all levels from more than 15 countries and includes only those courses that can be completed fully online. Courses vary from graduate-level engineering offerings to simple "How to" courses. The database provides access to courses and programs leading to accredited degrees, diplomas, and certificates. Professional development and personal interest courses are also included. Students can access course information by browsing subject areas or by searching specific fields. Hotlinks connect students directly to the delivering institutions. In the past year, there has been an exponential rise in the number of courses being offered online, from fewer than 2,000 in January 1998 to more than 10,000 in December 1998. It is expected that there will be more than 40,000 online courses by the year 2000. The TeleCampus Online Course Database provides students with a means of finding information on courses that meet their needs. The database can be accessed from TeleCampus at http://telecampus.edu. Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, an Online Course An online conference, Proposals for Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, will take place from March 29 to April 10, 1999. The

1999-02-01

401

32 CFR 516.53 - News media and other inquiries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest § 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...

2013-07-01

402

16 CFR 1012.6 - The news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities to be...meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...any representative of the news media attempts to influence any Agency employee on a...

2009-01-01

403

16 CFR 1012.6 - The news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities to be...meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...any representative of the news media attempts to influence any Agency employee on a...

2010-01-01

404

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...

2009-01-01

405

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...

2013-01-01

406

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...

2010-01-01

407

31 CFR 515.573 - Transactions by news organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...gathering and dissemination of news to the general public. Transactions...establishment and operation of news bureaus in the United States by Cuban organizations...gathering and dissemination of news to the general public. (c)...

2013-07-01

408

A Test of Rivaling Approaches to Explain News Effects: News on Issue Positions of Parties, Real-World Developments, Support and Criticism, and Success and Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different ''paradigmatic'' approaches to explain news effects on voting may supplement each other, because their starting points are based on different news types in political campaign news: news on issue positions of parties, news on real-world developments, news on support or criticism for parties, and news on success and failure of parties. Daily content analysis data and a weekly multiwave

Jan Kleinnijenhuis; Anita M. J. van Hoof; Dirk Oegema; Jan A. de Ridder

2007-01-01

409

Exploring the Antecedents and Effects of Brand Images for Television News: An Application of Brand Personality Construct in a Multichannel News Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting the construct of “brand personality,” this article examines the news brands of Cable News Network, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, CBS news, NBC news, and ABC news; investigates the factors influencing their brand images; and assesses the consequences of these brand perceptions. Using the news brand personality dimensions of competence, timeliness, and dynamism, it was found that antecedents such as

Sylvia M. Chan-Olmsted; Jiyoung Cha

2008-01-01

410

Thematic Indicators Derived from World News Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A method for deriving statistical indicators from the Europe Media Monitor (EMM) is described. EMM monitors world news in\\u000a real time from the Internet and various News Agencies. The new method measures the intensity of news reporting for any country\\u000a concerning a particular theme. Two normalised indicators are defined for each theme (j) and for each country (c). The first

Clive Best; Erik Van Der Goot; Monica De Paola

2005-01-01

411

Health Content in Local Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local television news is an important source of health information for the public. Yet little is known about coverage of health issues on local television newscasts. This study examined 1,863 news stories that aired on 4 English-language channels and 1 Spanish channel in 7 U.S. markets during a composite week in 2000. About 10% of news stories focused on health

Zheng Wang; Walter Gantz

2007-01-01

412

Astronomy and the News Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The criteria used in selecting astronomical papers for press conferences and press releases are reviewed in the context of\\u000a what the news media expect and require. The press activities developed over the past 15 years for the semiannual national\\u000a meetings of the American Astronomical Society, including press conferences, media seminars, and photo opportunities, which\\u000a are planned on the basis of

Stephen P. Maran; Lynn R. Cominsky; Laurence A. Marschall

413

NEWS AND INFORMATION: Depleted uranium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential health effects arising from exposure to depleted uranium have been much in the news of late. Naturally occurring uranium contains the radioisotopes 238U (which dominates, at a current molar proportion of 99.3%), 235U and a small amount of 234U. Depleted uranium has an isotopic concentration of 235U that is below the 0.7% found naturally. This is either because

Richard Wakeford

2001-01-01

414

BBC News: Mathematicians Crochet Chaos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from BBC News discusses how two mathematicians made a crochet model of chaos. The mathematicians, whose research focuses on developing a computer model to describe complex surfaces, were able to represent the Lorenz equations using 25,511 crochet stitches. The pattern was published in the journal Mathematics Intelligencer and the mathematicians are challenging others to repeat the effort. The model stretches almost a meter across and was used as a Christmas decoration.

415

Science@NASA: Headline News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features news articles and features that highlight research from NASA's current space missions. The home page provides links to current headline stories and recent stories on space science, astronomy, living in space, Earth science, physical and biological sciences, and advances in technology. The stories are available as podcasts, which can be downloaded or played from the web site, and as illustrated transcripts (text). There is also an archive of stories dating back to 1996.

416

Migrant News Seekers: News media use and evaluation by Moroccan and Turkish adolescents in Flanders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article empirically examines the use and evaluation of television news by young 'news seekers' of Moroccan and Turkish origin. The main research questions are: Do 'migrant' adolescents, between 18 and 28 years, consult the Flemish television news? And, if so, how do they evaluate these broadcastings? By means of in-depth interviewing we tried, in this qualitative study, to gain

Noël Clycq

417

Do network news agencies play their dominant strategies? Empirical evidence from lead news stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do network news agencies (ABC, CBS, and NBC) play their dominant strategies in selecting the lead news story (cover story) for nightly newscasts? The present paper seeks an answer to this question by employing elementary game-theory analysis and simple logit\\/ordered logit regression models to examine the choice the network agencies make in selecting a nightly lead news story. While economic

Steven Caudill; Franklin Mixon

1998-01-01

418

TV News – The Daily Horror?: Emotional Effects of Violent Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two studies we examined the influence of violent television news on viewers’ emotional experiences and facial expressions. In doing so, we considered formal and content aspects of news reports as well as viewers’ gratifications as independent variables. Analyses showed that violence in TV news elicits primarily negative emotions depending on the type of portrayed violence. Effects of presentation mode

Dagmar Unz; Frank Schwab; Peter Winterhoff-Spurk

2008-01-01

419

News and the overloaded consumer: factors influencing information overload among news consumers.  

PubMed

News producers continue to increase their volume of production and delivery platforms in an effort to reach and maintain news consumers. However, consumers may not necessarily find more news desirable. Previous studies have suggested that information surplus can lead to negative outcomes for consumers, but research of outcomes related to news production and consumption has been scant. This study explores novel areas of news surplus and overload, empirically examining factors associated with the degree of perceived overload across a broad spectrum of news delivery platforms. The findings reveal that the majority of today's news consumers feel overloaded with the amount of news they are confronted with. Gender, news interest, and the use of specific news platforms and outlets predict the degree of that overload. News access through platforms and outlets such as computers, e-readers, and Facebook is positively associated with overload, whereas other platforms such as television and the iPhone are negatively associated with overload. Implications for media psychology and news consumption are discussed. PMID:23020743

Holton, Avery E; Chyi, Hsiang Iris

2012-09-28

420

Healthy Depictions? Depicting Adoption and Adoption News Events on Broadcast News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that the public uses the media to learn about adoption as a family form, this study analyzes U.S. television news coverage of adoption between 2001 and 2005 (N = 309 stories), to identify the types of news events covered about adoption. A majority of news stories covered fraud, crime, legal disputes, and negative international adoption cases. Adoptees as defective or unhealthy

Susan L. Kline; Karishma Chatterjee; Amanda I. Karel

2009-01-01

421

Local News Coverage in a Social Capital Capital: Election 2000 on Minnesota's Local News Stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines local news coverage of an election in one of the nation's “social capital capitals,” Minnesota. In Minnesota, according to theorized connections between civic involvement and news media use, we might expect the orientation of local news to be local and the quality of coverage of local campaigns to be high. Content analysis of all evening newscasts on

Daniel Stevens; Dean Alger; Barbara Allen; John L. Sullivan

2006-01-01

422

Interest in News and Politics—or Situational Determinants? Why People Watch the News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared and integrated the influence of motivational and situational determinants on news viewing behavior. Individual people-meter data allowed the unobtrusive study of news viewing situations. The finding is that the viewing context is much more important than motivations. However, interest in the news and politics can reinforce or reverse situational influences. For interested viewers, watching more TV in

Anke Wonneberger; Klaus Schoenbach; Lex van Meurs

2011-01-01

423

Extraction and Visualisation of Emotions from News Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

News is commonly intended to be delivered in an objective, unbiased manner and therefore presented plainly and formally, even though its content often affects readers emotionally. The NewsViz system aims to enhance the news reading experience by integrating 30 seconds long Flash-animations into news article web pages depicting their content and emotional aspects. NewsViz interprets football news texts automatically and

Eva Hanser; Paul Mc Kevitt

424

How Bad Metals Turn Good: Spectroscopic Signatures of Resilient Quasiparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate transport in strongly correlated metals. Within dynamical mean-field theory, we calculate the resistivity, thermopower, optical conductivity and thermodynamic properties of a hole-doped Mott insulator. Two well-separated temperature scales are identified: TFL below which Landau Fermi liquid behavior applies, and TMIR above which the resistivity exceeds the Mott-Ioffe-Regel value and bad-metal behavior is found. We show that quasiparticle excitations remain well defined above TFL and dominate transport throughout the intermediate regime TFL?T?TMIR. The lifetime of these resilient quasiparticles is longer for electronlike excitations and this pronounced particle-hole asymmetry has important consequences for the thermopower. The crossover into the bad-metal regime corresponds to the disappearance of these excitations and has clear signatures in optical spectroscopy.

Deng, Xiaoyu; Mravlje, Jernej; Žitko, Rok; Ferrero, Michel; Kotliar, Gabriel; Georges, Antoine

2013-02-01

425

33 CFR 165.504 - Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company Shipyard, James River, Newport News, Va.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...northernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co...southernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. at...northernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company...

2013-07-01

426

Deciding Who's News: A Content Analysis of Disaster, National and International News in Two Elite Newspapers from 1885 through 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study analyses the relationship between international news references and disaster news references in the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. The American media receive frequent criticism for inadequate coverage of news from other nations. Both...

C. L. Sito

1990-01-01

427

M&As: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT M&As: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly M&As should be defined to include mergers, acquisitions,takeovers, tender offers, alliances, joint ventures, minority equity investments, licensing, divestitures, spin-offs, split- ups, carve-outs, leveraged buyouts, leveraged recapitalizations,dual-cl ass recapitalizations, reorganizations,restructuring, and recontractingassociated withfinancial distress and other adjustments. M&As represent a neoclassical theory of how firms seek to enhance their capabilities and resources

Kenneth R. Ahern; J. Fred Weston

2006-01-01

428

Bad timing in swimming races: A physicist to the rescue  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During official swimming competitions in the ``bad old days,'' there were judges, armed only with their vision, to determine the sequence of arrival, and there were timers, armed with mechanical stopwatches, to get the times. At the University of Michigan, back in 1953, Bill Parkinson of the physics department, himself a swimmer, started work developing an electronic timing system to eliminate the human judgment and to have the accuracy of which electronics is capable.

Crane, H. Richard

1999-02-01

429

An Optical Halitosis (Bad Breath) Sensor with Mao-A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methyl mercaptan (MM: CH3SH) is known as one of major chemicals of halitosis (bad breath). Monoamine oxidase type-A (MAO-A) has been reported to catalyze the oxidation of methyl mercaptan for a xenobiotic metabolism in human liver. In this research, an oxygen sensitive optical fiber was applied for developing a optical bio-sniffer for methyl mercaptan in halitosis. An optical bio-sniffer was

Masaharu Kozuka; Takeshi Minamide; H. Saito; K. Otsuka; M. Takao; K. Mitsubayashi

2006-01-01

430

EDITORIAL: Bad breath and exhaled breath analysis---common fields with common denominators Bad breath and exhaled breath analysis---common fields with common denominators  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 20th century, bad breath and analysis of breath for medical diagnosis evolved as two separate fields. Papers on bad breath were published almost exclusively in dental journals, whereas papers on exhaled breath analysis were more commonly found in medical and chemical analysis journals. When Daniel van Steenberghe and Mel Rosenberg first discussed setting up an international society for

Mel Rosenberg; Anton Amann

2008-01-01

431

Our News and their NewsThe Role of National Identity in the Coverage of Foreign News  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theoretical assumption of this paper is that when a foreign news item is defined as ‘ours’, then journalists’ professional practices become subordinate to national loyalty; when an item is ‘theirs’, journalistic professionalism comes into its own. Thus, the article argues that there is an inverse relation between professional news values and the national identity of the journalist and the

Hillel Nossek

2004-01-01

432

Dual role of proapoptotic BAD in insulin secretion and beta cell survival.  

PubMed

The proapoptotic BCL-2 family member BAD resides in a glucokinase-containing complex that regulates glucose-driven mitochondrial respiration. Here, we present genetic evidence of a physiologic role for BAD in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by beta cells. This novel function of BAD is specifically dependent upon the phosphorylation of its BH3 sequence, previously defined as an essential death domain. We highlight the pharmacologic relevance of phosphorylated BAD BH3 by using cell-permeable, hydrocarbon-stapled BAD BH3 helices that target glucokinase, restore glucose-driven mitochondrial respiration and correct the insulin secretory response in Bad-deficient islets. Our studies uncover an alternative target and function for the BAD BH3 domain and emphasize the therapeutic potential of phosphorylated BAD BH3 mimetics in selectively restoring beta cell function. Furthermore, we show that BAD regulates the physiologic adaptation of beta cell mass during high-fat feeding. Our findings provide genetic proof of the bifunctional activities of BAD in both beta cell survival and insulin secretion. PMID:18223655

Danial, Nika N; Walensky, Loren D; Zhang, Chen-Yu; Choi, Cheol Soo; Fisher, Jill K; Molina, Anthony J A; Datta, Sandeep Robert; Pitter, Kenneth L; Bird, Gregory H; Wikstrom, Jakob D; Deeney, Jude T; Robertson, Kirsten; Morash, Joel; Kulkarni, Ameya; Neschen, Susanne; Kim, Sheene; Greenberg, Michael E; Corkey, Barbara E; Shirihai, Orian S; Shulman, Gerald I; Lowell, Bradford B; Korsmeyer, Stanley J

2008-01-27

433

UQ News Online: News Releases Found: HyShot  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

HyShot is a program of the University of Queensland in Australia. Its purpose "is to achieve the world's first flight test of air-breathing supersonic ramjet engines." This technology could dramatically reduce the cost of space launches of small payloads. Several recent developments of the HyShot program are documented on this site, including a news story about a successful test launch on July 30, 2002, that achieved supersonic combustion. A photo gallery and a few videos show some highlights of the project, and another video gives an overview of the experiment.

1999-01-01

434

Enough Bad News! Remote Social Health & Aboriginal Action in a Harsh Environment--Coober Pedy in South Australia's "Outback."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on the complexities of health care in Coober Pedy (South Australia) and the nearby Umoona Aboriginal community, and highlights the vital role of Aboriginal health workers in the implementation of primary health care principles. The Aboriginal population in this "outback" area is characterized by considerable economic problems,…

Brice, G.; And Others

435

Breaking bad news in the transition from curative to palliative cancer care – patient's view of the doctor giving the information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the transition from curative to palliative cancer care, communication is of special importance. The aim of this study\\u000a was to explore how patients with a disseminated cancer disease experienced the information about their incurable state, focusing\\u000a on the physician. The persons taking part were 30 patients admitted to a hospital-based home care unit in Sweden. Semi-structured\\u000a interviews were conducted

Maria J. Friedrichsen; Peter M. Strang; Maria E. Carlsson

2000-01-01

436

Shielding Self-Esteem through the Adoption of Psychological Disengagement Mechanisms: The Good and the Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fact that Canada's working population is aging and will continue to do so is no surprise to anyone. What is surprising though is what many of these aging workers are experiencing in the late years of their career: They continue to be the target of negative stereotypes which in turn, reinforce discrimination and marginalization practices. The…

Tougas, Francine; Lagace, Martine; Laplante, Joelle; Bellehumeur, Christian

2008-01-01

437

Enough Bad News! Remote Social Health & Aboriginal Action in a Harsh Environment--Coober Pedy in South Australia's "Outback."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the complexities of health care in Coober Pedy (South Australia) and the nearby Umoona Aboriginal community, and highlights the vital role of Aboriginal health workers in the implementation of primary health care principles. The Aboriginal population in this "outback" area is characterized by considerable economic problems,…

Brice, G.; And Others

438

A Reconsideration of Bias in the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses three conceptual problems--point of view, unit of bias, and behavioral response--with using content analysis to study news bias. The paper shows that the point of view of the content analyst is not appropriate if one wants to see how news consumers define and react to bias, that the unit of bias should be the specific…

Stevenson, Robert L.; Greene, Mark T.

439

Mass News: Practices, Controversies, and Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This selection of readings, primarily intended for a college journalism course, discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the major sources of the public news--the wire services, newspapers, and television. The first part of the book deals with the context of mass news and serves as an introduction to some of the crucial ideas shaping thinking…

Leroy, David J., Ed.; Sterling, Christopher H., Ed.

440

News blogs: strengthening democracy through conflict prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer greater insight in the role of blogs in the creation of a more transparent news media system and a more democratic political reality. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Framing theory is employed as a conceptual tool to re-interpret existing evidence of the performance of news blogs during situations of political conflict and war.

Maria Touri

2009-01-01

441

An Effective Algorithm of News Topic Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topic tracking is to track trend of news topic, which people are interested in. It is a very pragmatic method in information retrieval. Compared with keywords retrieval, topic tracking excels in dynamic tracking based on text model and its content understanding, so it is mostly involved in text expressing and semantic understanding. LS-SVM, as a new method for news topic

Xianfei Zhang; Zhigang Guo; Bicheng Li

2009-01-01

442

Computational Methods for Analyzing Health News Coverage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers that investigate the media's coverage of health have historically relied on keyword searches to retrieve relevant health news coverage, and manual content analysis methods to categorize and score health news text. These methods are problematic. Manual content analysis methods are labor intensive, time consuming, and inherently…

McFarlane, Delano J.

2011-01-01

443

Newspaper Reader Interest in Business News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine if interest in business and financial news could be predicted from factors other than demographic variables. It was hypothesized that the type and number of personal financial investments the reader had would predict interest in business and financial news. In a telephone survey, 376 adults in a large,…

Schweitzer, John C.; Saathoff, Roger C.

444

Developing a News Media Literacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a framework previously applied to other areas of media literacy, this study developed and assessed a measurement scale focused specifically on critical news media literacy. Our scale appears to successfully measure news media literacy as we have conceptualized it based on previous research, demonstrated through assessments of content,…

Ashley, Seth; Maksl, Adam; Craft, Stephanie

2013-01-01

445

Social Movements and the News Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the paradoxical relationship that exists between social movements and the news media. The concept of framing is explored, particularly the ways in which social movements come to be contextually framed within the news media and the consequent impact on the social movement itself. In order to gain an understanding of the relationship between social movements and the

Katherine Phipps; Katryna Szagala

2007-01-01

446

Library Media Specialists: Doing the News!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses Newspapers in Education (NIE) Week and how it can relate to school library media specialists. Highlights include the convergence of news media, including news on the Web; ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) resources, including lesson plans; relevant books; Web sites; and Web journalism. (LRW)|

Barron, Daniel D.

2003-01-01

447

Automatic construction of personalized TV news programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study the automatic construction of personalized TV News programs, where we want to build a program with predefined duration and maximum content value for a specific user. We combine video indexing techniques to parse TV News recordings into stories, and information filtering techniques to select stories which are most adequate given the user profile. We formalize

Bernard Mérialdo; Kyung Tak Lee; Dario Luparello; Jeremie Roudaire

1999-01-01

448

Join the Registrar News List - SEER Registrars  

Cancer.gov

Sign up to receive e-mail announcements pertinent to NCI SEER, other standard setters, and cancer registries. Subscribers will receive news about registrar resources available on the SEER web site including updates to manuals and software, as well as announcements about upcoming workshops, reliability studies, and news from partner organizations of general interest to the registrar community.

449

College Students, News Use, and Trust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young Americans report lower levels of political knowledge, news consumption, public trust, and civic behavior than their forebears. Concerned with what these patterns hold for the future of democratic governance, this study attempts to learn more about the news sources that college students use and the ones that they trust. Results from a survey of 213 18- to 24-year-old college

Sharon E. Jarvis; Natalie Jomini Stroud; Austin A. Gilliland

2009-01-01

450

Power Prose: The Syntax of Presidential News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared news coverage of Presidents Carter and Reagan at times of crisis. Using content analysis to examine stories sampled from the New York Times and Washington Post, this study found news stories became more wordy in crisis times. For Carter this was when Iran captured hostages in November 1979, and for Reagan it was the revelation of arms

Katherine C. McAdams

1990-01-01

451

Science News and the Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using "Science News" as a teaching tool promotes writing about science, talking about science, and broadening students' views about what science is. This article describes an ongoing assignment in which students choose one article from "Science News" each week and write a brief summary and explanation of why they picked that article. (Contains 1…

McCullough, Laura

2006-01-01

452

Breaking News Detection and Tracking in Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twitter has been used as one of the communication channels for spreading breaking news. We propose a method to collect, group, rank and track breaking news in Twitter. Since short length messages make similarity comparison difficult, we boost scores on proper nouns to improve the grouping results. Each group is ranked based on popularity and reliability factors. Current detection method

Swit Phuvipadawat; Tsuyoshi Murata

2010-01-01

453

Visual materials on local television news programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

When sight was added to sound, the problems of presenting the news of the day multiplied, as did the cost of such coverage. Nevertheless, few news directors are satisfied with the strict “man?on?camera” approach; they prefer to use the additional information channel for a certain amount of visual augmentation of the audio channel's content. Beacuse television stations in a given

Gale R. Adkins; Peter Haggart

1963-01-01

454

The Telegraph and the News Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes an episode in the history of journalism that reveals a continuing tension in news reporting. Dating from the invention of the telegraph in the late nineteenth century, news reports have been increasingly patterned after either a "scientific" or a "literary" model. The scientific report is based on irreducible facts,…

Carey, James W.; Sims, Norman

455

The news media and psychological distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

The twentieth century has been marked by advances in communications technology as well as mounting psychological distress. This study explored the premise that exposure to negative news via the media contributes to anxiety and depression. Levels of news media exposure, stress levels, irrational beliefs, optimism-pessimism, anxiety, and depression were assessed (n=239) and analyzed using multiple regression techniques. Negative stress was

Mary E. McNaughton-cassill

2001-01-01

456

Helping the news media cover family planning.  

PubMed

To make informed choices about family planning, women and men need accurate information in the media as well as in the clinic. The media are looking for news important to the millions of people they reach each day. Thus helping the news media cover family planning fully and accurately merits the efforts of every family planning program. PMID:8706967

Robey, B; Stauffer, P

1995-11-01

457

Program Management Collection. "LINCS" Resource Collection News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of "'LINCS' Resource Collection News" features the Program Management Collection, which covers the topics of Assessment, Learning Disabilities, and Program Improvement. Each month Collections News features one of the three "LINCS" (Literacy Information and Communication System) Resource Collections--Basic Skills, Program Management,…

Literacy Information and Communication System, 2011

2011-01-01

458

Kids, Crime, and Local Television News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them. The obvious question is what does the news tell us about crime. This article compares the coverage of adult crime and the coverage of what the author…

Yanich, Danilo

2005-01-01

459

Representations of Minorities in Utah's Local News  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of Utah's primary local news sources was conducted to discover if and how people of color are represented. The results were also manipulated to discover if the exclusion of classically stereotypical news categories would significantly alter representation. Findings reveal that Utah's largest ethnic group is primarily ignored while other ethnic groups often but not always fall into stereotypical

Sarah Janel Jackson

460

Kids, Crime, and Local Television News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them. The obvious question is what does the news tell us about crime. This article compares the coverage of adult crime and the coverage of what the author…

Yanich, Danilo

2005-01-01

461

Concerns about crime and local television news  

Microsoft Academic Search

“If it bleeds it leads.”; The crime story is the most popular topic for the typical local television news broadcast, comprising at least 28% of the stories covered. The present hypothesis predicts that greater amounts of local television news viewing will be associated with greater support for policies that punish criminals as opposed to support for policies that address social

Todd C. Trautman

2004-01-01

462

NOVA: Science in the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Academy of Science produces this useful information resource on current scientific news in Australia. NOVA covers a wide range of topics, including soil salinity (how technology is being used to monitor the extent of dryland salinity "threatening large areas of Australia's agricultural zone"), wind power, osteoporosis, the Southern Ocean and global climate, and Fuelling the 21st century, among many others. Each article provides general and in-depth information, including a hyperlinked summary, glossary, and suggested readings. A list of useful sites rounds out each topic.

Payne, Laura X.

463

[Historical study on traditional Chinese formulations and crude drugs used for bad breath].  

PubMed

Bad breath is a topic of general interest. In this study, the treatment for bad breath in traditional Chinese medicine was reviewed with a special focus on pathologic diagnosis and crude drug prescriptions. It was shown that bad breath developed based on both systemic and local diseases. Some systemic conditions, including nasal, paranasal, pulmonary and digestive diseases, are considered to cause bad breath. The morbid state of a patient with bad breath has been recognized as being based on "heat syndrome" and "Qi-stagnation syndrome." Bad breath based on "heat syndrome" is manifested as thirst and ulceration of the oral cavity, and has been treated with crude drugs such as Coptis rhizome, Scutellaria root and gypsum. One case study reported that bad breath resulting from a dry mouth was treated with byakkokaninjinto, a Kampo formulation containing gypsum. "Qi" is considered to be the vital energy of all life forms including for the functioning of organs and mental and emotional activity. "Qi-stagnation syndrom," referring to the dysfunction of organs, is manifested as psychosomatic symptoms such as irritability, a flushed face and restlessness. Bad breath based on "Qi-stagnation syndrome" has been treated with crude drugs such as Cnidium rhizome, clove and cinnamon bark. Modern dental and medical treatment both accept the participation of psychogenic agents in the development of bad breath. Bad breath also develops based on periodontal and oral diseases. This type of bad breath has been treated with mouth-wash (collutorium) containing Asiasarum root, Angelica dahurica root and Cnidium rhizome. This historical evidence regarding crude drug prescriptions contributes to the development of mouth care products for preventing and treating bad breath. PMID:22164685

Masuda, Megumi; Murata, Kazuya; Matsuda, Hideaki; Honda, Mami; Honda, Shun-Ichi; Tani, Tadato

2011-01-01

464

Bad, a heterodimeric partner for Bclx L and Bcl2, displaces bax and promotes cell death  

Microsoft Academic Search

To extend the mammalian cell death pathway, we screened for further Bcl-2 interacting proteins. Both yeast two-hybrid screening and ? expression cloning identified a novel interacting protein, Bad, whose homology to Bcl-2 is limited to the BH1 and BH2 domains. Bad selectively dimerized with BCl-xL as well as Bcl-2, but not with Bax, Bcl-xS, Mcl-1, A1, or itself. Bad binds

Elizabeth Yang; Jiping Zha; Jennifer Jockel; Lawrence H Boise; Craig B Thompson; Stanley J Korsmeyer

1995-01-01

465

Improved profile of bad phosphorylation and caspase 3 activation after blood versus crystalloid cardioplegia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundExpression of Bcl-2 family proteins and activation of terminal caspase 3 are important for ischemia-reperfusion-induced apoptosis. Bad and Bax are pro-apoptotic proteins, whereas, phosphorylation of Bad inhibits its binding to and inactivation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2. Thus, decreases in phospho-Bad would be proapoptotic. We investigated if blood (BCP) or crystalloid cardioplegia (CCP) differentially affects apoptosis gene-related proteins.

Jun Feng; Cesario Bianchi; Jianyi Li; Frank W Sellke

2004-01-01

466

Versatility of BCR\\/ABL-expressing leukemic cells in circumventing proapoptotic BAD effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

BAD, the proapoptotic member of the ''BH3-only'' subfamily of BCL-2 proteins, is inactivated by phosphorylation at serines 112 and 136 and by sequestration in the cytoplasm where it interacts with members of the 14-3-3 family. In BCR\\/ABL- expressing cells, BAD is constitutively phosphorylated and mainly cytoplasmic, whereas in cells expressing BCR\\/ABL mutants unable to protect from apopto- sis, BAD is

Paolo Salomoni; Fabrizio Condorelli; Shawn M. Sweeney; Bruno Calabretta

467

BAD and glucokinase reside in a mitochondrial complex that integrates glycolysis and apoptosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Glycolysis and apoptosis are considered major but independent pathways that are critical for cell survival. The activity of BAD, a pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family member, is regulated by phosphorylation in response to growth\\/survival factors. Here we undertook a proteomic analysis to assess whether BAD might also participate in mitochondrial physiology. In liver mitochondria, BAD resides in a functional holoenzyme complex together

Nika N. Danial; Colette F. Gramm; Luca Scorrano; Chen-Yu Zhang; Stefan Krauss; Ann M. Ranger; Sandeep Robert Datta; Michael E. Greenberg; Lawrence J. Licklider; Bradford B. Lowell; Steven P. Gygi; Stanley J. Korsmeyer

2003-01-01

468

Dual role of proapoptotic BAD in insulin secretion and beta cell survival  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proapoptotic BCL-2 family member BAD resides in a glucokinase-containing complex that regulates glucose-driven mitochondrial respiration. Here, we present genetic evidence of a physiologic role for BAD in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by beta cells. This novel function of BAD is specifically dependent upon the phosphorylation of its BH3 sequence, previously defined as an essential death domain. We highlight the pharmacologic

Loren D Walensky; Chen-Yu Zhang; Cheol Soo Choi; Jill K Fisher; Anthony J A Molina; Sandeep Robert Datta; Kenneth L Pitter; Gregory H Bird; Jakob D Wikstrom; Jude T Deeney; Kirsten Robertson; Joel Morash; Ameya Kulkarni; Susanne Neschen; Sheene Kim; Michael E Greenberg; Barbara E Corkey; Orian S Shirihai; Gerald I Shulman; Bradford B Lowell; Stanley J Korsmeyer; Nika N Danial

2008-01-01

469

Perceptions and use of news media by college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students' use of and attitudes toward traditional and nontraditional news media were examined. Also investigated were the role of the Cable News Network and the integration of CNN into evolving news consumption patterns. Significant differences by year in college were identified, with later college years associated with heavier news consumption. CNN viewers were found to differ significantly from non?CNN

Lucy L. Henke

1985-01-01

470

Engagement with News Content in Online Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports indicate that as the Internet is displacing traditional news sources, younger users continue to be disconnected from the news. Fortunately, the Internet provides new ways of sharing and discussing news stories with others through social networking sites such as Facebook, which may be important for engaging users in the news they read…

Oeldorf-Hirsch, Anne

2011-01-01

471

Multi-Perspective Linking of News Articles within a Repository  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the number of online sources for news, the vo- lumes of news generated are so daunting that gaining insight from these collections become impossible without some aid to link them. Semantic linking of news articles facilitates grouping of similar or rele- vant news stories together for ease of human con- sumption. For example, a political analyst may like to

Arpit Khurdiya; Lipika Dey; Nidhi Raj; Mirajul Haque

472

Uses and Values for News on Cable Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses cable television subscribers' perceptions and consumption patterns of television news and describes a survey that compared broadcast and cable television news viewing habits. Media dependency and media consumption are considered, attitudes toward news sources and the perceived monetary value of the Cable News Network (CNN) are studied,…

Baldwin, Thomas F.; And Others

1992-01-01

473

Restoration of badly broken, endodontically treated posterior teeth  

PubMed Central

It is generally agreed that the successful treatment of a badly broken tooth with pulpal disease depends not only on good endodontic therapy, but also on good prosthetic reconstruction of the tooth after the endodontic therapy is complete. Often, we come across an endodontically treated tooth with little or no clinical crown in routine clinical cases. In such cases, additional retention and support of the restoration are difficult to achieve. Two case reports are discussed here where structurally compromised, endodontically treated, posterior teeth were restored using the Richmond crown in the first case, and by the use of two nonparallel cast posts in the second case.

Gogna, Rupika; Jagadish, S; Shashikala, K; Keshava Prasad, BS

2009-01-01

474

News-seekers and Avoiders: Exploring Patterns of Total News Consumption Across Media and the Relationship to Civic Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines patterns of news consumption across multiple media platforms and relates them to civic participation. Analyzing a national sample of close to 25,000 respondents, nearly half the adult population in America is classified as news “Avoiders,” and the other half as “News-seekers.” Testing the relationship between civic participation and news consumption for each of 6 media platforms individually,

Thomas B. Ksiazek; Edward C. Malthouse; James G. Webster

2010-01-01

475

A Brave New World for International News? Exploring the Determinants of the Coverage of Foreign News on US Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\/ This study content analyzed international news published on two of the most visited websites in the US, cnn.com and www.nytimes.com. The influences of trade, existence of news agencies, national traits and cultural and geographic proximity on these two news websites were examined. The international news from the online version was analyzed and compared with the print and broadcast versions.

H. Denis Wu

2007-01-01

476

Healthy depictions? Depicting adoption and adoption news events on broadcast news.  

PubMed

Given that the public uses the media to learn about adoption as a family form, this study analyzes U.S. television news coverage of adoption between 2001 and 2005 (N = 309 stories), to identify the types of news events covered about adoption. A majority of news stories covered fraud, crime, legal disputes, and negative international adoption cases. Adoptees as defective or unhealthy were depicted more in negative news event stories, birth parents appeared less overall, and adoptive parents were most likely to have healthy depictions in positively oriented adoption experience, big family, and reunion stories. Although three quarters of the stories used primary adoption participants as news sources, one-third of the negative event stories did not contain healthy depictions of adoption participants. The authors discuss ways journalists and researchers might improve adoption news coverage. PMID:19180371

Kline, Susan L; Chatterjee, Karishma; Karel, Amanda I

477

NewsHour Extra: Addressing Health Mysteries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this PBS NewsHour Extra lesson plan, students take an in-depth look at the SARS epidemic, with a particular focus on pan-national public health administration. A NewsHour interview with Dr. David Heyman, Director for Communicable Diseases at the World Health Organization (WHO), forms the basis of the exercise (video, audio, and transcript available). A NewsHour Extra story on SARS provides additional material. The site also offers ideas for homework and extension activities, each designed to help students explore and understand the process by which organizations like WHO tackle new disease outbreaks.

Dufour, Joanne.

478

ABC News: Video and Audio Newsclips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ABC News has added a section of video and audio newsclips to its news service at the GO Network, InfoSeek Corporation's Internet portal. Users can see and listen to national headline news, such as a clip from Warren Beatty's speech at an awards dinner Wednesday night (sounding rather presidential). They can also search for additional video files using Videosearch, by Virage. Beatty as a search term turned up a clip about the Clinton family's summer vacation on Martha's Vineyard that included a mention of Beatty's presidential aspirations and opinions on the Democratic Party, but no additional pictures of Beatty.

479

Bad pixel location algorithm for cell phone cameras  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As CMOS imaging technology advances, sensor to sensor differences increase, creating an increasing need for individual, per sensor, calibration. Traditionally, the cell-phone market has a low tolerance for complex per unit calibration. This paper proposes an algorithm that eliminates the need for a complex test environment and does not require a manufacturing based calibration on a per phone basis. The algorithm locates "bad pixels", pixels with light response characteristics out of the mean range of the values specified by the manufacturer in terms of light response. It uses several images captured from a sensor without using a mechanical shutter or predefined scenes. The implementation that follows uses two blocks: a dynamic detection block (local area based) and a static correction block (location table based). The dynamic block fills the location table of the static block using clustering techniques. The result of the algorithm is a list of coordinates containing the location of the found 'bad pixels'. An example is given of how this method can be applied to several different cell-phone CMOS sensors.

Goma, Sergio; Aleksic, Milivoje

2007-03-01

480

Precarious Employment, Bad Jobs, Labor Unions, and Early Retirement  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the extent to which involuntary job loss, exposure to “bad jobs,” and labor union membership across the life course are associated with the risk of early retirement. Methods. Using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, a large (N = 8,609) sample of men and women who graduated from high school in 1957, we estimated discrete-time event history models for the transition to first retirement through age 65. We estimated models separately for men and women. Results. We found that experience of involuntary job loss and exposure to bad jobs are associated with a lower risk of retiring before age 65, whereas labor union membership is associated with a higher likelihood of early retirement. These relationships are stronger for men than for women and are mediated to some extent by pre-retirement differences in pension eligibility, wealth, job characteristics, and health. Discussion. Results provide some support for hypotheses derived from theories of cumulative stratification, suggesting that earlier employment experiences should influence retirement outcomes indirectly through later-life characteristics. However, midlife employment experiences remain associated with earlier retirement, net of more temporally proximate correlates, highlighting the need for further theorization and empirical evaluation of the mechanisms through which increasingly common employment experiences influence the age at which older Americans retire.

Warren, John R.; Sweeney, Megan M.; Hauser, Robert M.; Ho, Jeong-Hwa

2011-01-01

481

Weathering steels -- Failures to learn from good material, bad location  

SciTech Connect

A coastal Florida community commissioned an architect to design a series of bridges to span creeks and drainage ditches on its golf course and an adjacent community park. When the wear and tear of spikes and golf cart wheels began to create deep grooves in the cedar decking, the maintenance manager for the golf course decided to replace the cedar with pressure-treated pine decking. To his surprise, when he started to remove the decking, he found corrosion so bad that it had penetrated the box beam structural supports at many attachment points. Upon further examination, he found that the underside of the structure also was badly corroded, particularly where the structure joined the abutment on both sides of the low-lying creek bridges. The investigating protective coatings specialist conducted chloride tests on sections of the bridge structure both below and above the decking. Further investigation of the sites where corrosion was both light and heavy revealed the reasons for the varying degrees of corrosion. The paper discusses the reasons.

Vincent, L.D.

1999-10-01

482

“People Killing People on the News”: Young Children's Descriptions of Frightening Television News Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigated children's fear responses to everyday exposure to the news in the absence of a recent crisis or major event. From March to May 2006, a survey was conducted of 218 kindergarten through 6th-grade children regarding their fright reactions to the news. Results showed that 35.3% of children reported being frightened by the news. Reporting on what frightened

Karyn Riddle; Joanne Cantor; Sahara Byrne; Emily Moyer-Gusé

2012-01-01

483

A Retrieval Method of Comparative News using Contents Structure Order for News Archives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video and text-news content have recently been broadcast on TV, newspapers, and the Internet. Although video content on out-ofdate news is of little value for viewing, it can be considered to have value by comparing it to related content. Repeated news should especially be compared, e.g., the Olympic games and international expositions. In that case, the more understanding might be

Daisuke KITAYAMA; Kazutoshi SUMIYA

2007-01-01

484

PKC-? promotes glioblastoma cell survival by phosphorylating and inhibiting BAD through a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway.  

PubMed

The focus of this research was to investigate the role of protein kinase C-iota (PKC-?) in regulation of Bad, a pro-apoptotic BH3-only molecule of the Bcl-2 family in glioblastoma. Robust expression of PKC-? is a hallmark of human glioma and benign and malignant meningiomas. The results were obtained from the two human glial tumor derived cell lines, T98G and U87MG. In these cells, PKC-? co-localized and directly associated with Bad, as shown by immunofluorescence, immunoprecipitation, and Western blotting. Furthermore, in-vitro kinase activity assay showed that PKC-? directly phosphorylated Bad at phospho specific residues, Ser-112, Ser-136 and Ser-155 which in turn induced inactivation of Bad and disruption of Bad/Bcl-XL dimer. Knockdown of PKC-? by siRNA exhibited a corresponding reduction in Bad phosphorylation suggesting that PKC-? may be a Bad kinase. PKC-? knockdown also induced apoptosis in both the cell lines. Since, PKC-? is an essential downstream mediator of the PI (3)-kinase, we hypothesize that glioma cell survival is mediated via a PI (3)-kinase/PDK1/PKC-?/Bad pathway. Treatment with PI (3)-kinase inhibitors Wortmannin and LY294002, as well as PDK1 siRNA, inhibited PKC-? activity and subsequent phosphorylation of Bad suggesting that PKC-? regulates the activity of Bad in a PI (3)-kinase dependent manner. Thus, our data suggest that glioma cell survival occurs through a novel PI (3)-kinase/PDK1/PKC-?/BAD mediated pathway. PMID:21419810

Desai, S; Pillai, P; Win-Piazza, H; Acevedo-Duncan, M

2011-03-17

485

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Einstein Year: Argentina remembers Einstein’s visit Health and Beauty: The sweet smell of fragrant molecules Austria: Physics and society top the bill Canada: Innovative teaching strategies pave the way for modern physics Publications: New online journal lets young scientists speak for themselves Forthcoming Events

2006-07-01

486

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

11-14 Curriculum: Supporting Physics Teaching (11-14) Europe: Sci-tech couldn't be without it! Art-Science: Makrolab in Mountain Year Digital Curriculum: Should the BBC learn from the past? Scotland: Teachers get Rocket Science Malaysia: Controversy over the language medium for science teaching UK Science: Next stage of Science Year announced Special Educational Needs: Science for special needs students Folk Physics: Good vibrations Environment: IoM3 - a move towards sustainability? UK Primary Science: The threat of afternoon science

2002-09-01

487

News  

PubMed Central

Chickenpox cases in the US drop by 80% Novel immunotherapy for breast, ovarian and prostate cancer successfully completes Phase 1 Important progress for Inovio’s universal influenza vaccine Vaccine against ricin exposure successful in phase 1B BCG could help reverse Type 1 Diabetes HPV vaccine: effective, when given early First vaccine for visceral leishmaniasis starts human testing CDC prepares vaccine for new swine flu strain

Riedmann, Eva M.

2012-01-01

488

News  

PubMed Central

Proof of efficacy shown for Sanofi Pasteur’s dengue vaccine Multi-peptide therapeutic Renal Cell Carcinoma vaccine shows clinical benefit Poor sleep can reduce effectiveness of vaccines  Innovative grass pollen allergy vaccine positive in phase 2 GSK’s shingles vaccine starts phase 3 in immunocompromised patients Overweight? There may be vaccine for that Vaccination records available online US females often do not complete HPV vaccination regimens 

Riedmann, Eva M.

2012-01-01

489

News.  

PubMed

Recent advances in the development of immunotherapeutic mAbs for cancer  New vaccine reduces malaria infection by 72% Bavarian Nordic's cancer immunotherapy shows promise in colorectal cancer Chinese HFMD vaccine shows high efficacy  in Phase 3 Two-dose regimen of Merck's Gardasil looks effective Accelerating influenza vaccine development using synthetic biology  A key role for gut microbes in vaccination  Understanding of and attitudes towards vaccines: a study in teenagers. PMID:23863285

Riedmann, Eva M

2013-07-01

490

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resources: First Faulkes Telescope on its way! Events: Everything under the Sun - GIREP 2002 Experiments: The most beautiful experiment, your favourite demonstration Science year: Planet Science takes off Resources: New CD packages Lecture: Fantastic Plastic Summer workshop: The Wright Stuff Resources: Amazing Space 14-16 curriculum: 21st century science ASE conference: ASE 2003 South Africa: Sasol SciFest Earth sciences: JESEI: the answer to all your Earthly problems

2002-11-01

491

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schools lecture: Institute of Physics roadshow is a lecture series with a difference Rugby Meeting: 17th Annual Meeting for Teachers of Physics boasts an impressive schedule Courses: Year-12 pupils go to Open University Camera Competition: Enter now to win a new camera! Conference: Teachers invited to CERN in September New Zealand: Royal Society of New Zealand tackles fear of physics Bulgaria: Fairies, witches and extraterrestrials: how to teach science using theatre Schools lecture: Institute seeks speaker for its annual lecture series Competition: Critical thinking is encouraged by global warming competition Scotland: Two good reasons to visit Scotland this summer Competition: Test your knowledge Free Event: June IOP conference Conference: Also in Liverpool…

2005-05-01

492

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radioactivity: Olympic Games: dirty and decaying? Awards: SciCast rewards the best in scientific short films Conference: Teachers conference is big in Boston Workshop: Experts and teachers mingle in Mexico Awards: Olympiad holds lavish ceremony Cinema: Indiana Jones has a skull full of physics Conference: ESERA announces Turkish delight for 2009 Forthcoming Events

2008-07-01

493

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Croatia: Rijeka’s 2005 science festival attracts an enthusiastic crowd The Middle East: METSMaC conference reaches out to teachers around the Gulf and beyond Spain: Física en Acción 5: a Spanish festival that will have you cycling the tightrope Czech Republic: Astronomy lessons for everyone Sussex Planetarium: Planetarium sets its sights high TV series: Einstein gets animated for C4 cartoon series Memorial: Honouring the great: memorial to Robert Hooke is unveiled at Westminster Abbey Awards: SHAP awards prizes for exceptional student work Group meeting: IOP’s Education Group to meet in September Forthcoming Events

2005-07-01

494

IBM Research News: Millipede Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 11, 2002, researchers at IBM "demonstrated a data storage density of a trillion bits per square inch -- 20 times higher than the densest magnetic storage available today." The project, called Millipede, uses a technique analogous to punch cards to store data, as opposed to traditional methods of magnetic storage. Although it will not likely be used in commercial applications in the near future, the implications of this achievement in nanotechnology are great. This news release gives a brief summary of the findings of the team. A much more detailed technical paper is given via a link on the page, as are several images and animations that show different portions of the Millipede chip.

2002-01-01

495

Student Produced TV News: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surveyed broadcasting departments to determine the kinds of on-air training they provide students. Found that 68 (or 48 percent) of the responding institutions broadcast or cablecast a student-run television news program. (PD)|

Craig, J. Robert; Misiewicz, Joe

1986-01-01

496

Benefits and Pitfalls: Producing TV News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the live television news show produced by students and faculty at Northern Illinois University with the aim of helping others avoid some difficulties and frustrations when setting up a similar show in their journalism curriculum. (TO)|

Watters, Laura

1974-01-01

497

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 4, Number 3  

SciTech Connect

This issue of Alternative Fuel News focuses on transit buses and refuse haulers. Many transit agencies and waste management companies are investigating alternatives to traditional diesel buses and refuse haulers.

Ficker, C.

2000-11-14

498

VOA: VOA News in 53 Languages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Voice of America (VOA) began broadcasting in 1942, with the expressed object of providing accurate, objective, and reliable news to people in closed or war-torn societies. VOA has continued to evolve through the postwar, Cold War, and now post-Cold War eras, and presently produces and broadcasts over 900 hours of news and information programs each week in 53 languages to a worldwide audience of 91 million. In addition to shortwave, AM, and FM radio and satellite television, VOA news is available online at the VOANews site. Here visitors will find the top international stories as well as the lead stories in seven regions of the world. Correspondent reports and feature stories by topic are also available. In addition, the site links to live news Webcasts and information pages for the myriad VOA language services.

499

Drug Shortages: Additional News and Information  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Shortages S - Z; Drug Shortages: Additional News and Information; Resolved Drug Shortages; Drugs to be Discontinued; How to Report a Shortage ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugshortages

500

Military-News Media Relationship: Thinking Forward.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author examines those news media issues which will most affect commanders as they execute their assigned missions. He makes no pretense at providing a template for conducting successful media relations; however, he does identify various planning facto...

C. W. Ricks

1993-01-01