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Sample records for bad news bbn

  1. Creating COMFORT: A Communication-Based Model for Breaking Bad News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villagran, Melinda; Goldsmith, Joy; Wittenberg-Lyles, Elaine; Baldwin, Paula

    2010-01-01

    This study builds upon existing protocols for breaking bad news (BBN), and offers an interaction-based approach to communicating comfort to patients and their families. The goal was to analyze medical students' (N = 21) videotaped standardized patient BBN interactions after completing an instructional unit on a commonly used BBN protocol, commonly…

  2. Delivering bad news to patients

    PubMed Central

    Gentry, Lonnie; Cox, Thomas R.

    2016-01-01

    When physicians lack proper training, breaking bad news can lead to negative consequences for patients, families, and physicians. A questionnaire was used to determine whether a didactic program on delivering bad news was needed at our institution. Results revealed that 91% of respondents perceived delivering bad news as a very important skill, but only 40% felt they had the training to effectively deliver such news. We provide a brief review of different approaches to delivering bad news and advocate for training physicians in a comprehensive, structured model. PMID:26722188

  3. How to Tell Bad News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Nicholas J.

    2012-01-01

    Therapists, physicians, police officers, and emergency staff often are the messengers of bad news. They have to tell a patient, a parent, or a loved one about a death, an accident, a school shooting, a life-threatening diagnosis, a terrorist attack, or a suicide. Usually the messenger bears a heavy responsibility but has little training and seeks…

  4. 'BREAKS' Protocol for Breaking Bad News.

    PubMed

    Narayanan, Vijayakumar; Bista, Bibek; Koshy, Cheriyan

    2010-05-01

    Information that drastically alters the life world of the patient is termed as bad news. Conveying bad news is a skilled communication, and not at all easy. The amount of truth to be disclosed is subjective. A properly structured and well-orchestrated communication has a positive therapeutic effect. This is a process of negotiation between patient and physician, but physicians often find it difficult due to many reasons. They feel incompetent and are afraid of unleashing a negative reaction from the patient or their relatives. The physician is reminded of his or her own vulnerability to terminal illness, and find themselves powerless over emotional distress. Lack of sufficient training in breaking bad news is a handicap to most physicians and health care workers. Adherence to the principles of client-centered counseling is helpful in attaining this skill. Fundamental insight of the patient is exploited and the bad news is delivered in a structured manner, because the patient is the one who knows what is hurting him most and he is the one who knows how to move forward. Six-step SPIKES protocol is widely used for breaking bad news. In this paper, we put forward another six-step protocol, the BREAKS protocol as a systematic and easy communication strategy for breaking bad news. Development of competence in dealing with difficult situations has positive therapeutic outcome and is a professionally satisfying one. PMID:21811349

  5. Positive Organizational Behavior: A Buffer for Bad News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    French, Sandra L.; Holden, Tracey Quigley

    2012-01-01

    Most communication research on bad news messages focuses on crisis communication, where attention is often limited to image repair strategies. The authors argue that a key indicator of an organization's effectiveness in communicating "bad news" messages is its organizational culture. Developing an organizational culture that values positive…

  6. Blended news delivery in healthcare: a framework for injecting good news into bad news conversations.

    PubMed

    Legg, Angela M; Sweeny, Kate

    2015-12-01

    Clinicians often inject good news into bad news delivery, and they do so for a variety of reasons. We present a framework that draws from research in the fields of health and social psychology to shed light on situations in which clinicians add superfluous good news into bad news conversations in an effort to ease the conversation or mitigate patients' distress, a broad strategy we refer to as blended news delivery. Our framework includes predictors of clinicians' use of blended news delivery, characteristics of blended news and outcomes of this strategy for both patients and clinicians. This framework addresses a common aspect of health communication and can direct future research on ideal strategies for and likely consequences of blended news delivery and communication more broadly. PMID:26081524

  7. Medical training for communication of bad news: A literature review

    PubMed Central

    Alelwani, Somia M.; Ahmed, Yasar A.

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, medical guidelines for communicating bad news to patients have been published. Training for this task was included in the curricula of undergraduate medical courses, specialization, and continuing medical education. The objective of this review is to evaluate the existing evidence in the literature on the effectiveness of such training. Only seven controlled trials were found, four of which were randomized, and these four indicate an improvement in the trainees. These findings suggest that training undergraduate and postgraduate doctors in skills for communicating bad news may be beneficial but there are important limitations to reach a definitive conclusion. These limitations are discussed in this article. PMID:25077144

  8. Good News and Bad News about Workplace Literacy Efforts in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jurmo, Paul

    Some good news and some bad news can be seen in six areas of workplace literacy efforts: awareness, curriculum development, collaboration, staff training, research and evaluation, and funding. The good news includes the following: (1) more highly placed corporation executives are becoming aware of the need for literacy programs; (2) curriculum…

  9. Climate sensitivity uncertainty: when is good news bad?

    PubMed

    Freeman, Mark C; Wagner, Gernot; Zeckhauser, Richard J

    2015-11-28

    Climate change is real and dangerous. Exactly how bad it will get, however, is uncertain. Uncertainty is particularly relevant for estimates of one of the key parameters: equilibrium climate sensitivity--how eventual temperatures will react as atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations double. Despite significant advances in climate science and increased confidence in the accuracy of the range itself, the 'likely' range has been 1.5-4.5°C for over three decades. In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) narrowed it to 2-4.5°C, only to reverse its decision in 2013, reinstating the prior range. In addition, the 2013 IPCC report removed prior mention of 3°C as the 'best estimate'. We interpret the implications of the 2013 IPCC decision to lower the bottom of the range and excise a best estimate. Intuitively, it might seem that a lower bottom would be good news. Here we ask: when might apparently good news about climate sensitivity in fact be bad news in the sense that it lowers societal well-being? The lowered bottom value also implies higher uncertainty about the temperature increase, definitely bad news. Under reasonable assumptions, both the lowering of the lower bound and the removal of the 'best estimate' may well be bad news. PMID:26460117

  10. Human development of the ability to learn from bad news

    PubMed Central

    Moutsiana, Christina; Garrett, Neil; Clarke, Richard C.; Lotto, R. Beau; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne; Sharot, Tali

    2013-01-01

    Humans show a natural tendency to discount bad news while incorporating good news into beliefs (the “good news–bad news effect”), an effect that may help explain seemingly irrational risk taking. Understanding how this bias develops with age is important because adolescents are prone to engage in risky behavior; thus, educating them about danger is crucial. We reveal a striking valence-dependent asymmetry in how belief updating develops with age. In the ages tested (9–26 y), younger age was associated with inaccurate updating of beliefs in response to undesirable information regarding vulnerability. In contrast, the ability to update beliefs accurately in response to desirable information remained relatively stable with age. This asymmetry was mediated by adequate computational use of positive but not negative estimation errors to alter beliefs. The results are important for understanding how belief formation develops and might help explain why adolescents do not respond adequately to warnings. PMID:24019466

  11. Human development of the ability to learn from bad news.

    PubMed

    Moutsiana, Christina; Garrett, Neil; Clarke, Richard C; Lotto, R Beau; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne; Sharot, Tali

    2013-10-01

    Humans show a natural tendency to discount bad news while incorporating good news into beliefs (the "good news-bad news effect"), an effect that may help explain seemingly irrational risk taking. Understanding how this bias develops with age is important because adolescents are prone to engage in risky behavior; thus, educating them about danger is crucial. We reveal a striking valence-dependent asymmetry in how belief updating develops with age. In the ages tested (9-26 y), younger age was associated with inaccurate updating of beliefs in response to undesirable information regarding vulnerability. In contrast, the ability to update beliefs accurately in response to desirable information remained relatively stable with age. This asymmetry was mediated by adequate computational use of positive but not negative estimation errors to alter beliefs. The results are important for understanding how belief formation develops and might help explain why adolescents do not respond adequately to warnings. PMID:24019466

  12. Breaking bad news – an interdisciplinary curricular teaching-concept

    PubMed Central

    Simmenroth-Nayda, Anne; Alt-Epping, Bernd; Gágyor, Ildikó

    2011-01-01

    Background: The concerns of patients suffering from life-threatening disease and end-of-life care aspects have gained increasing attention in public perception. The increasing focus on palliative medicine questions can be considered to be paradigmatic for this development. Palliative medicine became a compulsory subject of the undergraduate curriculum in Germany to be implemented until 2013. The preexisting conditions and qualifications at the medical faculties vary, though. We describe the conceptual process, didactic background, and first experiences with the new interdisciplinary course “Delivering bad news” as a compulsory part of the palliative medicine curriculum. Methods: Since autumn 2009, this course has been taught at the University Medical Center Göttingen, consisting of two double lessons in the final year of medical education. Considering the curriculum-based learning goals in Göttingen, the focus of this course is to impart knowledge, attitudes and communication skills relating to “bad news”. Results: Although the seminar requires adequate staff and is time-consuming, students have accepted it and gave high marks in evaluations. In particular, the teachers’ performance and commitment was evaluated positively. Discussion and Conclusions: We describe the first experiences with a new course. Didactic structure, theoretical contents, role-plays and usage of media (film, novel) are well- suited to communicate topics such as “bad news”. Additional experiences and evaluations are necessary. According to the progressive nature of learning, it might be worthwhile to repeat communication- centered questions several times during medical studies. PMID:22205910

  13. The Art of Breaking Bad News: Lessons Learned at a Large Public University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Head, Joe F.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to reflect on how to break bad news. The style in which one breaks bad news at the collegiate level has implications both for the individual and for the institution. If not managed well by enrollment professionals, negative news can taint prospects, applicants, parents, and current students, blemishing the…

  14. [Perceptions of newborns' families about the communication of bad news].

    PubMed

    Pinheiro, Eliana Moreira; Balbino, Flávia Simphronio; Balieiro, Maria Magda Ferreira Gomes; De Domenico, Edvane Birelo Lopes; Avena, Marta José

    2009-03-01

    The present study aims to describe how families perceive the communication of bad news about hospitalized newborns given by professionals. A qualitative and descriptive study was carried out with families of hospitalized newborns in the neonatal unit. Five mothers and one father were interviewed The thematic analysis of data revealed four categories: Message content in relation to clarity, detailing and not disclosed information. The way the news was transmitted: leads to ambiguity in reactions. Families' perceptions aboutprofessionals' attitudes to transmit the news: sometimes attitudes are different depending on the professional's experience and involvement with the customer. Use of communication strategies for message transmission: considered by the families as a mean to minimize the gravity of the baby's problem. The results pointed out the use of a non symmetrical communication between professional-family The adoption of a team practice, which incorporates it in its interventions, may meet the families' needs of information and social support. PMID:19653559

  15. Medical disclosure and refugees. Telling bad news to Ethiopian patients.

    PubMed Central

    Beyene, Y

    1992-01-01

    The strong value in American medical practice placed on the disclosure of terminal illness conflicts with the cultural beliefs of many recent refugees and immigrants to the United States, who often consider frank disclosure inappropriate and insensitive. What a terminally ill person wants to hear and how it is told are embedded in culture. For Ethiopians, "bad news" should be told to a family member or close friend of the patient who will divulge information to the patient at appropriate times and places and in a culturally approved and recognized manner. Being sensitive to patients' worldviews may reduce the frustration and conflict experienced by both refugees and American physicians. PMID:1413779

  16. Does emotional intelligence predict breaking bad news skills in pediatric interns? A pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Reed, Suzanne; Kassis, Karyn; Nagel, Rollin; Verbeck, Nicole; Mahan, John D.; Shell, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Background While both patients and physicians identify communication of bad news as an area of great challenge, the factors underlying this often complex task remain largely unknown. Emotional intelligence (EI) has been positively correlated with good general communication skills and successful leadership, but there is no literature relating EI to the delivery of bad news. Purpose Our objectives were to determine: 1) performance of first-year pediatric residents in the delivery of bad news in a standardized patient (SP) setting; and 2) the role of EI in these assessments. Our hypothesis was that pediatric trainees with higher EI would demonstrate more advanced skills in this communication task. Methods Forty first- year residents participated. Skill in bad news delivery was assessed via SP encounters using a previously published assessment tool (GRIEV_ING Death Notification Protocol). Residents completed the Emotional and Social Competency Inventory (ESCI) as a measure of EI. Results Residents scored poorly on bad news delivery skills but scored well on EI. Intraclass correlation coefficients indicated moderate to substantial inter-rater reliability among raters using the delivering bad news assessment tool. However, no correlation was found between bad news delivery performance and EI. Conclusions We concluded that first-year pediatric residents have inadequate skills in the delivery of bad news. In addition, our data suggest that higher EI alone is not sufficient to effectively deliver death news and more robust skill training is necessary for residents to gain competence and acquire mastery in this important communication domain. PMID:26286897

  17. Time perception: the bad news and the good

    PubMed Central

    Matthews, William J; Meck, Warren H

    2014-01-01

    Time perception is fundamental and heavily researched, but the field faces a number of obstacles to theoretical progress. In this advanced review, we focus on three pieces of ‘bad news’ for time perception research: temporal perception is highly labile across changes in experimental context and task; there are pronounced individual differences not just in overall performance but in the use of different timing strategies and the effect of key variables; and laboratory studies typically bear little relation to timing in the ‘real world’. We describe recent examples of these issues and in each case offer some ‘good news’ by showing how new research is addressing these challenges to provide rich insights into the neural and information-processing bases of timing and time perception. PMID:25210578

  18. [Breaking bad news--a challenge for every physician].

    PubMed

    Schilling, G; Mehnert, A

    2014-11-01

    Breaking bad news is one of the most important and challenging physician's duties in routine daily work. It is not unusual that such dialogues take place at the very beginning of a doctor-patient relationship and positively or negatively influence the further course. In cases of critically ill patients or in emergency situations clinicians mostly interact with family members who have to cope with their own distress and with uncertainties of their loved one's disease. It is well accepted that good communication can significantly improve coping with the disease and promote patient compliance as well as better fulfilling family needs. Particular difficulties are the often minimal or lacking information on the counterpart and the family network, the expectations of patients and their families and the inability to predict their reactions. It is always a challenge to honestly deliver bad news to a patient and relatives without destroying their hope. Despite often limited time resources a bond of trust should be built up and the patient should be empowered to participate in shared decision making. PMID:23712179

  19. Delivering Bad News: An Approach According to Jewish Scriptures

    PubMed Central

    Naimer, Sody A.; Prero, Moshe

    2014-01-01

    Despite a preoccupation in the medical literature with developing an effective approach for breaking bad news, the sources are based on personal opinion alone and only in some instances on qualitative research. Recognizing the gravity of this topic coupled with respect for the wisdom of the written and oral Jewish scriptures, this work is an attempt to delve into the diverse ancient writings to draw conclusions regarding a recommended methodology to guide and inform this task. It is interesting to learn that most elements related to this topic have previously been raised in various forms in the scriptures. The issues range from where, when, and how the bearer of bad news should undertake this duty, to details such as the environment, the format, the speed, and depth of the details to be disclosed. The essence of this paper is to enrich the reader using both positive and negative examples found in the Jewish heritage. Adopting these principles will hopefully provide an effective method for performing this unpleasant obligation, with the goal of limiting harmful consequences as much as possible. PMID:25120920

  20. Educating the delivery of bad news in medicine: Preceptorship versus simulation

    PubMed Central

    Jacques, Andrew P; Adkins, Eric J; Knepel, Sheri; Boulger, Creagh; Miller, Jessica; Bahner, David P

    2011-01-01

    Simulation experiences have begun to replace traditional education models of teaching the skill of bad news delivery in medical education. The tiered apprenticeship model of medical education emphasizes experiential learning. Studies have described a lack of support in bad news delivery and inadequacy of training in this important clinical skill as well as poor familial comprehension and dissatisfaction on the part of physicians in training regarding the resident delivery of bad news. Many residency training programs lacked a formalized training curriculum in the delivery of bad news. Simulation teaching experiences may address these noted clinical deficits in the delivery of bad news to patients and their families. Unique experiences can be role-played with this educational technique to simulate perceived learner deficits. A variety of scenarios can be constructed within the framework of the simulation training method to address specific cultural and religious responses to bad news in the medical setting. Even potentially explosive and violent scenarios can be role-played in order to prepare physicians for these rare and difficult situations. While simulation experiences cannot supplant the model of positive, real-life clinical teaching in the delivery of bad news, simulation of clinical scenarios with scripting, self-reflection, and peer-to-peer feedback can be powerful educational tools. Simulation training can help to develop the skills needed to effectively and empathetically deliver bad news to patients and families in medical practice. PMID:22229135

  1. Nurses’ perspectives on breaking bad news to patients and their families: a qualitative content analysis

    PubMed Central

    Abbaszadeh, Abbas; Ehsani, Seyyedeh Roghayeh; begjani, Jamal; Kaji, Mohammad Akbari; Dopolani, Fatemeh Nemati; Nejati, Amir; Mohammadnejad, Esmaeil

    2014-01-01

    Breaking bad news is quite often not done in an effective manner in clinical settings due to the medical staff lacking the skills necessary for speaking to patients and their families. Bad news is faced with similar reactions on the part of the news receiver in all cultures and nations. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of Iranian nurses on breaking bad news to patients and their families. In this research, a qualitative approach was adopted. In-depth and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 nurses who had at least one year work experience in the ward, and content analysis was performed to analyze the data. Five major categories emerged from data analysis, including effective communication with patients and their families, preparing the ground for delivering bad news, minimizing the negativity associated with the disease, passing the duty to physicians, and helping patients and their families make logical treatment decisions. The results of this study show that according to the participants, it is the physicians’ duty to give bad news, but nurses play an important role in delivering bad news to patients and their companions and should therefore be trained in clinical and communicative skills to be able to give bad news in an appropriate and effective manner. PMID:25512837

  2. Use of interactive theater and role play to develop medical students' skills in breaking bad news.

    PubMed

    Skye, Eric P; Wagenschutz, Heather; Steiger, Jeffrey A; Kumagai, Arno K

    2014-12-01

    Creative arts have been increasingly implemented in medical education. This study investigated the use of interactive theater and role play with professional actors in teaching breaking bad news to medical students. The objectives were to explore the contexts, approaches, experiences, and reactions in giving and receiving bad news. Second-year medical students participated in a required educational session that utilized interactive theater which helps students learn about the issues of breaking bad news to a patient with cancer. Following the interactive theater piece, professional actors provided students role play experiences in small groups with breaking bad news. Anonymous evaluation surveys were given out to all second-year medical students at the conclusion of the breaking bad news session. Surveys contained quantitative and qualitative responses. Three years of evaluations were analyzed. A total of 451 (88 %) students completed the evaluations. Comments were thematically analyzed. Ninety-four percent agreed that the theater piece prompted reflection on patient-provider communications, and 89 % agreed that it stimulated discussion on complex issues with breaking bad news. The two most common themes in student comments concerned the importance of realism in the theater piece, and the value of experiencing multiple perspectives. Use of professional actors during the role play exercises enhances the realism and pushed the students out of their own "comfort zones" in ways that may more closely approximate real life clinical situations. Interactive theater can be a potentially powerful tool to teach breaking bad news during medical school. PMID:24683056

  3. 10/15/14, 6:19 PMRecent bad news aside, UH is Hawaii's best hope -Hawaii News -Honolulu Star-Advertiser Page 1 of 7http://www.staradvertiser.com/editorialspremium/20130522_Recent_bad_news_aside_UH_is_Hawaiis_best_hope.html?id=208441131&c=n

    E-print Network

    Duffy, David Cameron

    10/15/14, 6:19 PMRecent bad news aside, UH is Hawaii's best hope - Hawaii News - Honolulu Star-Advertiser Page 1 of 7http://www.staradvertiser.com/editorialspremium/20130522_Recent_bad_news_aside_UH_is_Hawaiis | View 18 Comments Most Popular Save Post Retweet Recent bad news aside, UH is Hawaii's best hope

  4. Keeping It Real: Exploring an Interdisciplinary Breaking Bad News Role-Play as an Integrative Learning Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweeney, Catherine; O'Sullivan, Eleanor; McCarthy, Marian

    2015-01-01

    Palliative care is a complex area of healthcare best delivered by an interdisciplinary team approach. Breaking bad news is an inherent part of caring for people with life-limiting conditions. This study aims to explore an interdisciplinary breaking bad news role-play in a palliative care module. Participants were undergraduate medical and nursing…

  5. Breaking Bad News in Healthcare Organizations: Application of the Spikes Protocol

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VonBergen, C. W.; Stevens, Robert E.; Loudon, David

    2011-01-01

    Organizational downsizing has increased exponentially worldwide and is also affecting the healthcare industry. It is one thing to speak abstractly of the need to reduce costs and quite another to actually tell a worker the bad news that he or she has been laid off. This paper offers practical advice to healthcare managers on conducting unpleasant…

  6. Breaking Bad News in Counseling: Applying the PEWTER Model in the School Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keefe-Cooperman, Kathleen; Brady-Amoon, Peggy

    2013-01-01

    Breaking bad news is a stressful experience for counselors and clients. In this article, the PEWTER (Prepare, Evaluate, Warning, Telling, Emotional Response, Regrouping) model (Nardi & Keefe-Cooperman, 2006) is used as a guide to facilitate the process of a difficult conversation and promote client growth in a school setting. In this…

  7. Balancing Patient Care and Student Education: Learning to Deliver Bad News in an Optometry Teaching Clinic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spafford, Marlee M.; Schryer, Catherine F.; Creutz, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    Learning to counsel patients in a teaching clinic or hospital occurs in the presence of the competing agendas of patient care and student education. We wondered about the challenges that these tensions create for clinical novices learning to deliver bad news to patients. In this preliminary study, we audio-taped and transcribed the interviews of…

  8. Oncology Communication Skills Training: Bringing Science to the Art of Delivering Bad News

    PubMed Central

    Stovall, Mady C.

    2015-01-01

    Review of "Effect of communication skills training program for oncologists based on patient preferences for communication when receiving bad news: A randomized controlled trial" by Fujimori et al. (2014), Journal of Clinical Oncology, 32, 2166–2172. For a further discussion of survey research, please see the related article by Julie Ponto starting on page 168.

  9. negative result is not always bad news. In 1887, the physicists Albert

    E-print Network

    Schiller, Stephan

    A negative result is not always bad news. In 1887, the physicists Albert Michelson and Edward, they must have been disappointed. Yet just a few years later, Albert Einstein, inspired in part by Michel Michelson and Morley's experiment with unprecedented precision3,4 . But this time they are not look- ing

  10. The Effect of Bad News and CEO Apology of Corporate on User Responses in Social Media.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hoh; Park, Jaram; Cha, Meeyoung; Jeong, Jaeseung

    2015-01-01

    While social media has become an important platform for social reputation, the emotional responses of users toward bad news have not been investigated thoroughly. We analyzed a total of 20,773 Twitter messages by 15,513 users to assess the influence of bad news and public apology in social media. Based on both computerized, quantitative sentiment analysis and in-depth qualitative analysis, we found that rapid public apology effectively and immediately reduced the level of negative sentiment, where the degree of change in sentiments differed by the type of interactions users engaged in. The majority of users who directly conversed with corporate representatives on the new media were not typical consumers, but experts and practitioners. We extend the existing cognitive model and suggest the audiences' psychological reaction model to describe the information processing process during and after an organizational crisis and response. We also discuss various measures through which companies can respond to a crisis properly in social media in a fashion that is different from conventional mass media. PMID:25951231

  11. The Effect of Bad News and CEO Apology of Corporate on User Responses in Social Media

    PubMed Central

    Cha, Meeyoung; Jeong, Jaeseung

    2015-01-01

    While social media has become an important platform for social reputation, the emotional responses of users toward bad news have not been investigated thoroughly. We analyzed a total of 20,773 Twitter messages by 15,513 users to assess the influence of bad news and public apology in social media. Based on both computerized, quantitative sentiment analysis and in-depth qualitative analysis, we found that rapid public apology effectively and immediately reduced the level of negative sentiment, where the degree of change in sentiments differed by the type of interactions users engaged in. The majority of users who directly conversed with corporate representatives on the new media were not typical consumers, but experts and practitioners. We extend the existing cognitive model and suggest the audiences’ psychological reaction model to describe the information processing process during and after an organizational crisis and response. We also discuss various measures through which companies can respond to a crisis properly in social media in a fashion that is different from conventional mass media. PMID:25951231

  12. Developing Guidelines for Disclosure or Non-Disclosure of Bad News around Life-Limiting Illness and Death to People with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuffrey-Wijne, Irene; Giatras, Nikoletta; Butler, Gary; Cresswell, Amanda; Manners, Paula; Bernal, Jane

    2013-01-01

    Background: There is insufficient evidence to guide decisions around (non-)disclosure of bad news of life-limiting illness and death to people with intellectual disabilities. Aim: The aim of this study was to develop guidelines for decisions about (non-)disclosure of bad news around life-limiting illness and death to people with intellectual…

  13. End-of-life communication in veterinary medicine: delivering bad news and euthanasia decision making.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Jane R; Lagoni, Laurel

    2007-01-01

    Given the expectations of clients and the resultant impact of end-of-life conversations on pet owners and the veterinary team, compassionate end-of-life communication is considered to be an ethical obligation, a core clinical skill, and integral to the success of a veterinary team. End-of-life communication is related to significant clinical outcomes, including enduring veterinarian-client-patient relationships and veterinarian and client satisfaction. Effective techniques for end-of-life communication can be taught and are a series of learned skills. The purpose of this article is to present best practices for delivering bad news and euthanasia decision-making discussions. In this article, the SPIKES six-step model (setting, perception, invitation, knowledge, empathize, and summarize) currently employed in medical curricula is utilized to structure end-of-life conversations in veterinary medicine. PMID:17162114

  14. Good News, Bad News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baratz-Snowden, Joan

    1987-01-01

    The performance of black students on standardized tests is still significantly below that of their white counterparts. Data on black performance on standardized tests and trends on the factors that affect that performance are examined. The OERI study on Poverty, Achievement and the Distribution of Compensatory Education Services is discussed. (MLW)

  15. Trait-agreeableness influences individual reactions to a physician's affiliative behavior in a simulated bad news delivery.

    PubMed

    Cousin, Gaëtan; Schmid Mast, Marianne

    2016-03-01

    We tested whether the personality trait of agreeableness predicts different individual reactions to the level of nonverbal affiliativeness shown by a physician, in the context of a simulated bad news delivery. We predicted that individuals with high levels of agreeableness would react better to a physician adopting a highly affiliative communication style compared to individuals with low levels of agreeableness. We used an experimental design with analogue patients. Eighty participants (40 men/40 women) were randomly assigned to watch a video of a physician who communicated a bad diagnosis either in a highly affiliative or in a less affiliative way. Participants reported their reactions of anger and trust in the physician, and completed the agreeableness scale of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). In accordance with our predictions, the higher the agreeableness score of the participants, the less anger and the more trust they reported after viewing the high as compared to the low affiliative physician. These results suggest that people with high levels of agreeableness may be especially sensitive to highly affiliative physician nonverbal behavior when receiving bad news. PMID:26305190

  16. Bad News Comes in Threes: Stochastic Structure in Random Events (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Newman, W. I.; Turcotte, D. L.; Malamud, B. D.

    2013-12-01

    Plots of random numbers have been known for nearly a century to show repetitive peak-to-peak sequences with an average length of 3. Geophysical examples include events such as earthquakes, geyser eruptions, and magnetic substorms. We consider a classic model in statistical physics, the Langevin equation x[n+1] = ?*x[n] + ?[n], where x[n] is the nth value of a measured quantity and ?[n] is a random number, commonly a Gaussian white noise. Here, ? is a parameter that ranges from 0, corresponding to independent random data, to 1, corresponding to Brownian motion which preserves memory of past steps. We show that, for ? = 0, the mean peak-to-peak sequence length is 3 while, for ? = 1, the mean sequence length is 4. We obtain the physical and mathematical properties of this model, including the distribution of peak-to-peak sequence lengths that can be expected. We compare the theory with observations of earthquake magnitudes emerging from large events, observations of the auroral electrojet index as a measure of global electrojet activity, and time intervals observed between successive eruptions of Old Faithful Geyser in Yellowstone National Park. We demonstrate that the largest earthquake events as described by their magnitudes are consistent with our theory for ? = 0, thereby confronting the aphorism (and our analytic theory) that "bad news comes in threes." Electrojet activity, on the other hand, demonstrates some memory effects, consistent with the intuitive picture of the magnetosphere presenting a capacitor-plate like system that preserves memory. Old Faithful Geyser, finally, shows strong antipersistence effects between successive events, i.e. long-time intervals are followed by short ones, and vice versa. As an additional application, we apply our theory to the observed 3-4 year mammalian population cycles.

  17. ‘Don’t blame the middle man’: an exploratory qualitative study to explore the experiences of translators breaking bad news

    PubMed Central

    Prentice, Joanna; Nelson, Annmarie; Baillie, Jessica; Osborn, Hannah

    2014-01-01

    Background: Healthcare professionals find breaking bad news difficult and upsetting. Increasing cultural diversity has led to a greater number of patients whose first language differs to that of the healthcare provider, with more patients requiring a translator to facilitate communication. Hospitals often ask non-clinical translators to facilitate breaking bad news. We sought to explore the experiences of translators within a specialist oncology centre. Methods: Following ethical and governance approvals, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with five translators recruited from the specialist oncology centre. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed thematically, with major themes and subthemes identified. Setting: Outpatient setting of a regional cancer centre. Participants: Translators serving a regional cancer centre. Main outcome measures: Qualitative data identified through thematic analysis. Results: Major themes included the significant emotional impact of translating distressing information, the challenges of accurately conveying information in a culturally congruent format and the need for formal briefing, debriefing and support. Subthemes included feeling guilty for divulging distressing news, being the focus of patients’ distress or anger, and feeling in conflict with the patient or family and issues surrounding confidentiality. Translators also felt a strong sense of advocacy for the patients and found encounters with death and dying emotionally challenging. Conclusions: The increasing use of translators in the care of patients with advanced cancer is increasingly resulting in lay people being subject to similar emotional pressures faced by clinical staff, yet without the necessary formal training or support mechanisms that are recommended for clinicians. This exploratory study highlights the training and support needs of non-clinical staff as identifying a unique set of communication challenges faced by translators. PMID:24643657

  18. Good, Bad or Absent: Discourses of Parents with Disabilities in Australian News Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Vikki; Llewellyn, Gwynnyth

    2015-01-01

    Background: News media frames public perceptions. As such, news media becomes a useful source of analysis to understand the presence (or otherwise) of people with disabilities, particularly intellectual disabilities, within parenting discourses in Australia. Method: Using Critical Discourse Analysis, this article examines major Australian…

  19. BBN and structural acoustics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lyon, Richard H.

    2001-05-01

    Leo Beranek, Dick Bolt, and Bob Newman founded a company based on technical excellence and client service-BBN. The early services were oriented to noise control and architectural acoustics, but these led fairly quickly over about a decade into several related fields. One such field, now called ``structural acoustics,'' arose from activities in noise control where the radiated sound due to vibrations of the machine caused problems. Commercial work on such problems was later augmented by work for the US Navy, the Air Force, and NASA. In the mid- and late-1950s Ira Dyer built the group that during the course of about the next decade developed the field of structural acoustics, with emphasis on statistical modeling and with applications to ships, aircraft, and space launch vehicles. The author will present some of his personal remembrances of this second decade, with particular emphasis on the development of statistical energy analysis.

  20. BBN with light dark matter

    SciTech Connect

    Berezhiani, Zurab; Dolgov, Aleksander; Tkachev, Igor E-mail: dolgov@fe.infn.it

    2013-02-01

    Effects of light millicharged dark matter particles on primordial nucleosynthesis are considered. It is shown that if the mass of such particles is much smaller than the electron mass, they lead to strong overproduction of Helium-4. An agreement with observations can be achieved by non-vanishing lepton asymmetry. Baryon-to-photon ratio at BBN and neutrino-to-photon ratio both at BBN and at recombination are noticeably different as compared to the standard cosmological model. The latter ratio and possible lepton asymmetry could be checked by Planck. For higher mass of new particles the effect is much less pronounced and may even have opposite sign.

  1. BBN and Lambda_QCD

    E-print Network

    McLaughlin, G C

    2003-01-01

    Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) has increasingly become the tool of choice for investigating the permitted variation of fundamental constants during the earliest epochs of the Universe. Here we present a BBN calculation that has been modified to permit changes in the QCD scale, Lambda_QCD. The primary effects of changing the QCD scale upon BBN are through the deuteron binding energy, B_D, and the neutron-proton mass difference, delta-m_np, which both play crucial roles in determining the primordial abundances. In this paper, we show how a simplified BBN calculation allows us to restrict the nuclear data we need to just B_D and delta m_np yet still gives useful results so that any variation in Lambda_QCD may be constrained via the corresponding shifts in B_D and delta-m_np by using the current estimates of the primordial deuterium abundance and helium mass fraction. The simplification predicts the helium-4 and deuterium abundances to within 1% and 50% respectively when compared with the results of a standard BB...

  2. BBN and Lambda_QCD

    E-print Network

    J. P. Kneller; G. C. McLaughlin

    2003-06-03

    Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) has increasingly become the tool of choice for investigating the permitted variation of fundamental constants during the earliest epochs of the Universe. Here we present a BBN calculation that has been modified to permit changes in the QCD scale, Lambda_QCD. The primary effects of changing the QCD scale upon BBN are through the deuteron binding energy, B_D, and the neutron-proton mass difference, delta-m_np, which both play crucial roles in determining the primordial abundances. In this paper, we show how a simplified BBN calculation allows us to restrict the nuclear data we need to just B_D and delta-m_np yet still gives useful results so that any variation in Lambda_QCD may be constrained via the corresponding shifts in B_D and delta-m_np by using the current estimates of the primordial deuterium abundance and helium mass fraction. The simplification predicts the helium-4 and deuterium abundances to within 1% and 50% respectively when compared with the results of a standard BBN code. But Lambda_QCD also affects much of remaining required nuclear input so this method introduces a systematic error into the calculation and we find a degeneracy between B_D and delta-m_np. We show how increased understanding of the relationship of the pion mass and/or B_D to other nuclear parameters, such as the binding energy of tritium and the cross section of T + D -> He4 + n, would yield constraints upon any change in B_D and delta-m_np at the 10% level.

  3. BBN and the Primordial Abundances

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman

    2005-01-26

    The relic abundances of the light elements synthesized during the first few minutes of the evolution of the Universe provide unique probes of cosmology and the building blocks for stellar and galactic chemical evolution, while also enabling constraints on the baryon (nucleon) density and on models of particle physics beyond the standard model. Recent WMAP analyses of the CBR temperature fluctuation spectrum, combined with other, relevant, observational data, has yielded very tight constraints on the baryon density, permitting a detailed, quantitative confrontation of the predictions of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis with the post-BBN abundances inferred from observational data. The current status of this comparison is presented, with an emphasis on the challenges to astronomy, astrophysics, particle physics, and cosmology it identifies.

  4. Bad News: Analysis of the Quality of Information on Influenza Prevention Returned by Google in English and Italian

    PubMed Central

    Maki, Ali; Evans, Roger; Ghezzi, Pietro

    2015-01-01

    Information available to the public influences the approach of the population toward vaccination against influenza compared with other preventative approaches. In this study, we have analyzed the first 200 websites returned by searching Google on two topics (prevention of influenza and influenza vaccine), in English and Italian. For all the four searches above, websites were classified according to their typology (government, commercial, professional, portals, etc.) and for their trustworthiness as defined by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) score, which assesses whether they provide some basic elements of information quality (IQ): authorship, currency, disclosure, and references. The type of information described was also assessed to add another dimension of IQ. Websites on influenza prevention were classified according to the type of preventative approach mentioned (vaccine, lifestyle, hygiene, complementary medicine, etc.), whether the approaches were in agreement with evidence-based medicine (EBM) or not. Websites on influenza vaccination were classified as pro- or anti-vaccine, or neutral. The great majority of websites described EBM approaches to influenza prevention and had a pro-vaccine orientation. Government websites mainly pointed at EBM preventative approaches and had a pro-vaccine orientation, while there was a higher proportion of commercial websites among those which promote non-EBM approaches. Although the JAMA score was lower in commercial websites, it did not correlate with the preventative approaches suggested or the orientation toward vaccines. For each of the four search engine result pages (SERP), only one website displayed the health-of-the-net (HON) seal. In the SERP on vaccines, journalistic websites were the most abundant category and ranked higher than average in both languages. Analysis using natural language processing showed that journalistic websites were mostly reporting news about two specific topics (different in the two languages). While the ranking by Google favors EBM approaches and, in English, does not promote commercial websites, in both languages it gives a great advantage to news. Thus, the type of news published during the influenza season probably has a key importance in orienting the public opinion due to its high visibility. This raises important questions on the relationships between health IQ, trustworthiness, and newsworthiness. PMID:26697012

  5. BBN And CMB Constraints On Dark Energy

    E-print Network

    James P. Kneller; Gary Steigman

    2003-02-02

    Current observational data favor cosmological models which differ from the standard model due to the presence of some form of dark energy and, perhaps, by additional contributions to the more familiar dark matter. Primordial nucleosynthesis provides a window on the very early evolution of the universe and constraints from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) can bound the parameters of models for dark matter/energy at redshifts of order ten billion. The spectrum of temperature fluctuations imprinted on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation opens a completely different window on the universe at epochs from redshifts of order ten thousand to nearly the present. The CMB anisotropy spectrum provides constraints on new physics which are independent of, and complementary to those from BBN. Here we consider three classes of models for the dark matter/energy: extra particles which were relativistic during the early evolution of the universe (X); Quintessence models involving a minimally-coupled scalar field (Q); models with a non-minimally coupled scalar field which modify the strength of gravity during the early evolution of the universe (G). We constrain the parameters of these models using data from BBN and the CMB and identify the allowed regions in their parameter spaces consistent with the more demanding joint BBN and CMB constraints. For X and Q such consistency is relatively easy to find; it is more difficult for the G models with an inverse power law potential for the scalar field.

  6. Bad Breath

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for lunch. But certain strong-smelling foods like onions and garlic can cause bad breath. So can ... leave behind strong smells, like cabbage, garlic, raw onions, and coffee. If you’re trying to lose ...

  7. Bad Breath

    MedlinePLUS

    ... breath? Maybe you shouldn't have put extra onions on your hamburger at lunch. What's a kid ... bad breath: foods and drinks, such as garlic, onions, cheese, orange juice, and soda poor dental hygiene ( ...

  8. Neutrinos and BBN (and the CMB)

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman

    2008-07-18

    During Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN), in the first 20 minutes of the evolution of the Universe, the light nuclides, D, 3He, 4He, and 7Li were synthesized in astrophysically interesting abundances. The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMB) observed at present was last scattered some 400 thousand years later. BBN and the CMB (supplemented by more recent Large Scale Structure data), provide complementary probes of the early evolution of the Universe and enable constraints on the high temperature/energy physical processes in it. In this overview the predictions and observations of two physical quantities, the baryon density parameter and the expansion rate parameter, are compared to see if there is agreement between theory and observation at these two widely separated epochs. After answering this question in the affirmative, the consequences of this concordance for physics beyond the standard models of particle physics and cosmology is discussed.

  9. News

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2002-01-01

    stream_source_info V60-I3-46-News.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 2245 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name V60-I3-46-News.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 NEWS 369 THE HARTLIB.... The second edition of the Hartlib Papers now includes major additional materials from other collections. See www.shef.ac.uk/hronline. 370 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Starting in the academic year 2002-2003, the University of Amsterdam (dept. Religious Studies...

  10. Good news, bad news on proliferation

    SciTech Connect

    Spector, L.S.

    1985-09-01

    While Argentina and Brazil now seem less likely to acquire nuclear weapons, Indian and Pakistani intentions remain uncertain. The Israeli nuclear program and recent allegations of black-marketing are even more disturbing. The author notes the positive developments in Latin America and some hopeful signs in South Asia, despite uncertainties over their final outcome. He finds Israel's program the most disturbing because of the deployment of Jericho II missiles and indications that Israel possesses a fully militarized nuclear force which was developed by illegal means. These activities could politicize the Non-Proliferation Treaty review conference. 14 references.

  11. News 

    E-print Network

    Dickson, Donald et. al

    2009-01-01

    /plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 news 89 Proceedings of the Milton Society of America Sir Francis Drake Hotel, 450 Powell Street, San Francisco Secretary: A. C. Labriola, Duquesne University Pittsburgh, PA 15282 (E mail: Labriola@duq.edu) December 28..., 2008 The officers and Executive Committee met in a preliminary session at 4:00 PM at the Sir Francis Drake Hotel. Present were Kristin A. Pruitt (President), Tom Luxon (Vice President), Labriola (Secretary), Jameela Lares (Treasurer...

  12. News

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2005-01-01

    -CENTURY NEWS Announcing a new series from Ashgate Publishing Company Anglo-Italian Renaissance Studies General Editor: Michele Marrapodi Advisory Editors: Keir Elam and Robert Henke This new book series analyses early modern English drama within..., and a c.v. Please send two copies of either type of proposal (one to the general editor and one to the publisher) to the addresses below: Michele Marrapodi Erika Gaffney Universit? Degli Studi di Palermo Senior Editor Facolt? di Lettere e Filosofia...

  13. Turning Bad News into a Teaching Moment: Using the Exploring Humanitarian Law Curriculum to Teach about the Impact of War and Natural Disaster

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Mat

    2010-01-01

    After a disaster, or in the midst of a conflict, the news that finds its way into people's homes has a uniquely powerful effect on their psyche. Vulnerable people are caught in destructive forces beyond their control. The scenes people see are post-apocalyptic. The stories are gripping, spanning themes of luck, loss, hope, love, and wild fear,…

  14. News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-03-01

    Italy’s Physics Olympiad creates greater interest and motivation House of Experiments: 'humour helps in the teaching of science' Science takes stage in Germany PPARC news: guide and awards Schools newspaper competition focuses on Venus Website offers practical advice SHAP workshop will sharpen up teachers' skills Students will soon use Faulkes Telescope North to see the stars Talk takes a tour of the universe ASE 2004 Welsh physicists share secrets Switch students on to physics Teachers Awards 2004 recognize quality of teaching AAPT spends winter in Miami sun Schools Physics Group meeting will take place at Rugby School

  15. The BBN Byblos Hindi OCR system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Natarajan, Premkumar S.; MacRostie, Ehry; Decerbo, Michael

    2004-12-01

    The BBN Byblos OCR system implements a script-independent methodology for OCR using Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). We have successfully ported the system to Arabic, English, Chinese, Pashto, and Japanese. In this paper, we report on our recent effort in training the system to perform recognition of Hindi (Devanagari) documents. The initial experiments reported in this paper were performed using a corpus of synthetic (computer-generated) document images along with slightly degraded versions of the same that were generated by scanning printed versions of the document images and by scanning faxes of the printed versions. On a fair test set consisting of synthetic images alone we measured a character error rate of 1.0%. The character error rate on a fair test set consisting of scanned images (scans of printed versions of the synthetic images) was 1.40% while the character error rate on a fair test set of fax images (scans of printed and faxed versions of the synthetic images) was 8.7%.

  16. The BBN Byblos Hindi OCR System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Natarajan, Prem; Macrostie, Ehry; Decerbo, Michael

    The BBN Byblos OCR system implements a script-independent methodology for OCR using hidden Markov models (HMMs). We have successfully ported the system to Arabic, English, Chinese, Pashto, and Japanese. In this chapter, we report on our recent effort in training the system to perform recognition of Hindi (Devanagari) documents. The initial experiments reported in this chapter were performed using a corpus of synthetic (computer-generated) document images along with slightly degraded versions of the same that were generated by scanning printed versions of the document images and by scanning faxes of the printed versions. On a fair test set consisting of synthetic images alone we measured a character error rate of 1.0%. The character error rate on a fair test set consisting of scanned images (scans of printed versions of the synthetic images) was 1.40% while the character error rate on a fair test set of fax images (scans of printed and faxed versions of the synthetic images) was 8.7%.

  17. The BBN Byblos Hindi OCR system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Natarajan, Premkumar S.; MacRostie, Ehry; Decerbo, Michael

    2005-01-01

    The BBN Byblos OCR system implements a script-independent methodology for OCR using Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). We have successfully ported the system to Arabic, English, Chinese, Pashto, and Japanese. In this paper, we report on our recent effort in training the system to perform recognition of Hindi (Devanagari) documents. The initial experiments reported in this paper were performed using a corpus of synthetic (computer-generated) document images along with slightly degraded versions of the same that were generated by scanning printed versions of the document images and by scanning faxes of the printed versions. On a fair test set consisting of synthetic images alone we measured a character error rate of 1.0%. The character error rate on a fair test set consisting of scanned images (scans of printed versions of the synthetic images) was 1.40% while the character error rate on a fair test set of fax images (scans of printed and faxed versions of the synthetic images) was 8.7%.

  18. Tracking the post-BBN evolution of deuterium

    SciTech Connect

    Steigman, Gary

    2009-05-24

    The primordial abundance of deuterium produced during Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) depends sensitively on the universal ratio of baryons to photons, an important cosmological parameter probed independently by the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation. Observations of deuterium in high-redshift, low-metallicity QSO Absorption Line Systems (QSOALS) provide a key baryometer, determining the baryon abundance at the time of BBN to a precision of {approx}5%. Alternatively, if the CMB-determined baryon to photon ratio is used in the BBN calculation of the primordial abundances, the BBN-predicted deuterium abundance may be compared with the primordial value inferred from the QSOALS, testing the standard cosmological model. In the post-BBN universe, as gas is cycled through stars, deuterium is only destroyed so that its abundance measured anytime, anywhere in the Universe, bounds the primordial abundance from below. Constraints on models of post-BBN Galactic chemical evolution follow from a comparison of the relic deuterium abundance with the FUSE-inferred deuterium abundances in the chemically enriched, stellar processed material of the local ISM.

  19. BBN And The CMB Constrain Neutrino Coupled Light WIMPs

    E-print Network

    Kenneth M. Nollett; Gary Steigman

    2015-02-12

    (abridged) In the presence of a light WIMP (mass m_chi nature, its couplings to standard model particles, its mass, and the number of equivalent (additional) neutrinos, Delta N_nu. These degeneracies cannot be broken by the CMB constraint on the effective number of neutrinos, N_eff. However, since big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is also affected by a light WIMP and equivalent neutrinos, complementary BBN and CMB constraints can break some of the degeneracy. In a previous paper BBN and CMB were combined to explore allowed ranges for m_chi, Delta N_nu, and N_eff for light WIMPs that annihilate electromagnetically (EM) to photons and/or electrons/positrons. In this paper BBN predictions with a light WIMP that only couples to neutrinos are calculated. Recent observed abundances of ^2H and ^4He are used to limit m_chi, Delta N_nu, N_eff, and the present-day baryon density. Allowing for a neutrino coupled light WIMP and nonzero Delta N_nu, combined BBN and CMB data give lower limits to m_chi, with a best fit m_chi > 35 MeV, equivalent to no light WIMP at all. All masses below 4--9 MeV (depending on spin) are excluded. Without any light WIMP, BBN alone prefers Delta N_nu = 0.50 +- 0.23, favoring neither Delta N_nu = 0, nor a fully thermalized sterile neutrino (Delta N_nu = 1). This result is consistent with the CMB constraint, N_eff = 3.30 +- 0.27, limiting "new physics" between BBN and recombination. Combining BBN and CMB data gives Delta N_nu = 0.35 +- 0.16 and N_eff = 3.40 +- 0.16; while BBN and the CMB combined require Delta N_nu > 0 at ~98% confidence, they disfavor Delta N_nu > 1 at > 99% confidence. Allowing a neutrino-coupled light WIMP extends the allowed range slightly downward for Delta N_nu and slightly upward for N_eff simultaneously, leaving best-fit values unchanged.

  20. The Baryon Budget from BBN and the CBR

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman

    2003-09-11

    A key pillar of modern cosmology, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers a probe of the particle content and expansion rate of the Universe a mere few minutes after the beginning. When compared with the BBN predictions, the observationally inferred primordial abundances of deuterium and helium-4 provide an excellent baryometer and chronometer respectively. Several hundred thousand years later, when the Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR) photons began progagating freely, the spectrum of temperature fluctuations imprinted on them also encoded information about the baryon density and the expansion rate. Comparing the constraints imposed by BBN with those from the CBR reveals a consistent picture of the Universe at these two very widely separated epochs. Combining these probes leads to new, tighter constraints on the baryon density at present and on possible new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics.

  1. The Baryon Budget from BBN and the CBR

    E-print Network

    Steigman, G

    2003-01-01

    A key pillar of modern cosmology, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers a probe of the particle content and expansion rate of the Universe a mere few minutes after the beginning. When compared with the BBN predictions, the observationally inferred primordial abundances of deuterium and helium-4 provide an excellent baryometer and chronometer respectively. Several hundred thousand years later, when the Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR) photons began progagating freely, the spectrum of temperature fluctuations imprinted on them also encoded information about the baryon density and the expansion rate. Comparing the constraints imposed by BBN with those from the CBR reveals a consistent picture of the Universe at these two very widely separated epochs. Combining these probes leads to new, tighter constraints on the baryon density at present and on possible new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics.

  2. BBN And The CBR Probe The Early Universe

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman

    2006-11-15

    Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) and the Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR) provide complementary probes of the early evolution of the Universe and of its particle content. Neutrinos play important roles in both cases, influencing the primordial abundances of the nuclides produced by BBN during the first 20 minutes, as well as the spectrum of temperature fluctuations imprinted on the CBR when the Universe is some 400 thousand years old. The physical effects relevant at these widely separated epochs are reviewed and the theoretical predictions are compared with observational data to explore the consistency of the standard models of cosmology and particle physics and to constrain beyond-the-standard-model physics and cosmology.

  3. Empirical Studies in Strategies for Arabic Retrieval BBN Technologies

    E-print Network

    Fraser, Alexander M.

    as to whether the HAMZA or MADDA is present. Second, Arabic has a very complex morphology. Third, broken plurals not obey normal morphological rules, they are not handled by existing stemmers. Fourth, Arabic wordsEmpirical Studies in Strategies for Arabic Retrieval Jinxi Xu BBN Technologies 50 Moulton Street

  4. Light WIMPs, Equivalent Neutrinos, BBN, and the CMB

    E-print Network

    Steigman, Gary

    2014-01-01

    Recent updates to the observational determinations of the primordial abundances of helium and deuterium are compared to the predictions of BBN to infer the universal ratio of baryons to photons (or, the present Universe baryon mass density parameter Omega_B h^2), as well as to constrain the effective number of neutrinos (N_eff) and the number of equivalent neutrinos (Delta N_nu). These BBN results are compared to those derived independently from the Planck CMB data. In the absence of a light WIMP (chi), N_eff = 3.05(1 + Delta N_nu/3). In this case, there is excellent agreement between BBN and the CMB, but the joint fit finds that Delta N_nu = 0.40 +/- 0.17, disfavoring standard big bang nucleosynthesis (SBBN: Delta N_nu = 0) at 2.4 sigma, as well as a sterile neutrino (Delta N_nu = 1) at 3.5 sigma. In the presence of a light WIMP, the relation between N_eff and Delta N_nu depends on the WIMP mass, leading to degeneracies among N_eff, Delta N_nu, and m_chi. The complementary and independent BBN and CMB data ca...

  5. BBN and the CMB constrain neutrino coupled light WIMPs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nollett, Kenneth M.; Steigman, Gary

    2015-04-01

    In the presence of a light weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) with mass m??30 MeV , there are degeneracies among the nature of the WIMP (fermion or boson), its couplings to the standard model particles (to electrons, positrons, and photons, or only to neutrinos), its mass m?, and the number of equivalent (additional) neutrinos, ? N?. These degeneracies cannot be broken by the cosmic microwave background (CMB) constraint on the effective number of neutrinos, Neff. However, since big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is also affected by the presence of a light WIMP and equivalent neutrinos, complementary BBN and CMB constraints can help to break some of these degeneracies. In a previous paper [K. M. Nollett and G. Steigman, Phys. Rev. D 89, 083508 (2014)] the combined BBN and Planck [P. A. R. Ade et al. (Planck Collaboration), Astron. Astrophys. 571, A16 (2014)] CMB constraints were used to explore the allowed ranges for m?, ? N?, and Neff in the case where the light WIMPs annihilate electromagnetically (EM) to photons and/or e± pairs. In this paper the BBN predictions for the primordial abundances of deuterium and 4He (along with 3He and 7Li) in the presence of a light WIMP that only couples (annihilates) to neutrinos [either standard model (SM) only or both SM and equivalent] are calculated. Recent observational estimates of the relic abundances of D and 4He are used to limit the light WIMP mass, the number of equivalent neutrinos, the effective number of neutrinos, and the present Universe baryon density (?Bh2 ). Allowing for a neutrino coupled light WIMP and ? N? equivalent neutrinos, the combined BBN and CMB data provide lower limits to the WIMP mass that depend very little on the nature of the WIMP (Majorana or Dirac fermion, real or complex scalar boson), with a best fit m??35 MeV , equivalent to no light WIMP at all. The analysis here excludes all neutrino coupled WIMPs with masses below a few MeV, with specific limits varying from 4 to 9 MeV depending on the nature of the WIMP. In the absence of a light WIMP (either EM or neutrino coupled), BBN alone prefers ? N? =0.50 ±0.23 , favoring neither the absence of equivalent neutrinos (? N?=0 ), nor the presence of a fully thermalized sterile neutrino (? N?=1 ). This result is consistent with the CMB constraint, Neff=3.30 ±0.27 [1], constraining "new physics" between BBN and recombination. Combining the BBN and CMB constraints gives ? N? =0.35 ±0.16 and Neff=3.40 ±0.16 . As a result, while BBN and the CMB combined require ? N? ?0 at ˜98 % confidence, they disfavor ? N? ?1 at >99 % confidence. Adding the possibility of a neutrino-coupled light WIMP extends the allowed range slightly downward for ? N? and slightly upward for Neff simultaneously, while leaving the best-fit values unchanged.

  6. Light WIMPs, Equivalent Neutrinos, BBN, and the CMB

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman; Kenneth M. Nollett

    2014-01-21

    Recent updates to the observational determinations of the primordial abundances of helium and deuterium are compared to the predictions of BBN to infer the universal ratio of baryons to photons (or, the present Universe baryon mass density parameter Omega_B h^2), as well as to constrain the effective number of neutrinos (N_eff) and the number of equivalent neutrinos (Delta N_nu). These BBN results are compared to those derived independently from the Planck CMB data. In the absence of a light WIMP (chi), N_eff = 3.05(1 + Delta N_nu/3). In this case, there is excellent agreement between BBN and the CMB, but the joint fit finds that Delta N_nu = 0.40 +/- 0.17, disfavoring standard big bang nucleosynthesis (SBBN: Delta N_nu = 0) at 2.4 sigma, as well as a sterile neutrino (Delta N_nu = 1) at 3.5 sigma. In the presence of a light WIMP, the relation between N_eff and Delta N_nu depends on the WIMP mass, leading to degeneracies among N_eff, Delta N_nu, and m_chi. The complementary and independent BBN and CMB data can break some of these degeneracies. Depending on the nature of the light WIMP (Majorana or Dirac fermion, real or complex scalar) the joint BBN + CMB analyses set a lower bound to m_chi in the range from 0.5 to 5 MeV, and they identify best fit values for m_chi in the range from 5 to 10 MeV. The joint BBN + CMB analyses find a best fit value for the number of equivalent neutrinos, Delta N_nu = 0.65, nearly independent of the nature of the WIMP. The best fit still disfavors the absence of dark radiation (Delta N_nu = 0 at 95% confidence), while allowing for the presence of a sterile neutrino (Delta N_nu = 1 at less than 1 sigma). For all cases considered here, the lithium problem persists. These results, presented at the 2013 Rencontres de l'Observatoire de Paris - ESO Workshop, are based on Nollett & Steigman 2013 (arXiv:1312.5725 [astro-ph.CO]).

  7. BBN And The CMB Constrain Light, Electromagnetically Coupled WIMPs

    E-print Network

    Kenneth M. Nollett; Gary Steigman

    2014-04-04

    (Abridged) In the presence of a light WIMP (WIMP, its couplings to standard model particles, its mass m_chi, and the number of equivalent neutrinos beyond the standard model, Delta N_nu. These degeneracies cannot be broken by the CMB constraint on the effective number of neutrinos, N_eff. However, big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is affected by a light WIMP and equivalent neutrinos, so the combination of BBN and CMB can break some of the degeneracies. Here, BBN predictions for abundances in the presence of a light WIMP and equivalent neutrinos are explored, and estimates of their observationally determined relic abundances are used to limit m_chi, Delta N_nu, and the present Universe baryon density (Omega_B h^2). These constraints are explored for Majorana and Dirac fermion WIMPs, as well as for real and complex scalar WIMPs that couple to electrons, positrons, and photons. In a separate paper this analysis is repeated for WIMPs that couple only to the standard model neutrinos, and constraints for the two cases are contrasted. Without a light WIMP but allowing for equivalent neutrinos, the combined BBN and CMB constraints favor N_eff = 3.46 +/- 0.17, Omega_B h^2 = 0.0224 +/- 0.0003, and Delta N_nu = 0.40 +/- 0.17. In this case, standard BBN (Delta N_nu = 0) is disfavored at ~98% confidence, and the presence of one sterile neutrino (Delta N_nu = 1) is disfavored at > 99% confidence. Allowing a light WIMP and Delta N_nu equivalent neutrinos together, the combined BBN and CMB data provide lower limits to the WIMP masses (> 0.5 - 5 MeV) that depend on the nature of the WIMP, favor m_chi ~8 MeV slightly over no WIMP, and loosen constraints on equivalent neutrinos, Delta N_nu = 0.65+0.46-0.35. While Delta N_nu = 0 is still disfavored at ~95% confidence with a light WIMP, Delta N_nu = 1 is now allowed.

  8. Light WIMPs, equivalent neutrinos, BBN, and the CMB

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steigman, Gary; Nollett, Kenneth M.

    Recent updates to the observational determinations of the primordial abundances of helium (4He) and deuterium are compared to the predictions of BBN to infer the universal ratio of baryons to photons, eta 10 equiv 1010(n_B/ngamma )0 (or, the present Universe baryon mass density parameter, {?_B h^{2} = eta 10/273.9) as well as to constrain the effective number of neutrinos ({N_eff) and the number of equivalent neutrinos ({?N_?}). These BBN results are compared to those derived independently from the Planck CMB data. In the absence of a light WIMP ({m_?} ? 20 MeV), {N_eff = 3.05(1 + ensuremath {DeltaN_ nu }/3). In this case, there is excellent agreement between BBN and the CMB but, the joint fit reveals that {?N_?} = 0.40±0.17, disfavoring standard big bang nucleosynthesis (SBBN) ({?N_?} = 0) at ˜ 2.4 sigma , as well as a sterile neutrino ({?N_?} = 1) at ˜ 3.5 sigma . In the presence of a light WIMP ({m_?} ? 20 MeV), the relation between {N_eff and {?N_&nu}; depends on the WIMP mass, leading to degeneracies among {N_eff, {?N_?}, and {m_?}. The complementary and independent BBN and CMB data can break some of these degeneracies. Depending on the nature of the light WIMP (Majorana or Dirac fermion, real or complex scalar) the joint BBN + CMB analyses set a lower bound to {m_?} in the range 0.5 - 5 MeV (mchi /me ? 1 - 10) and, they identify best fit values for {m_?} in the range 5 - 10 MeV. The joint BBN + CMB analyses find a best fit value for the number of equivalent neutrinos, {?N_?} ? 0.65, nearly independent of the nature of the WIMP. The best fit still disfavors the absence of dark radiation ({?N_?} = 0 at ˜ 95% confidence), while allowing for the presence of a sterile neutrino ({?N_?} = 1 at ? 1 sigma ). For all cases considered here, the lithium problem persists. These results, presented at the Rencontres de l'Observatoire de Paris 2013 - ESO Workshop and summarized in these proceedings, are based on \\citet{kngs}.

  9. Forest products markets badly hit by the crisis but use of wood energy on the rise -UNECE/FAO http://www.portofentry.com/site/root/resources/industry_news/8067.html[10/1/2009 8:21:58 AM

    E-print Network

    Forest products markets badly hit by the crisis but use of wood energy on the rise - UNECE/FAO http countries Select channel: All channels Forest products markets badly hit by the crisis but use of wood energy on the rise - UNECE/FAO 06 August 2009 Geneva-The current economic crisis is hitting hard

  10. BBN with electron-sterile neutrino oscillations — the finest leptometer

    SciTech Connect

    Kirilova, Daniela

    2012-06-01

    A relic lepton asymmetry orders of magnitude bigger than the baryon one may hide in the relic neutrino background. No direct theoretical or experimental limitations on its magnitude and sign are known. Only indirect cosmological constraints exist ranging from |L| < 0.01 to L < 10. Here we discuss a Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) model with late electron-sterile neutrino oscillations. The influence of L on neutrino oscillations and on nucleons freezing in the pre-BBN epoch is numerically analyzed in the full range of the oscillation parameters of the model and for |L| ? 10{sup ?10}. The asymmetry-oscillations interplay is studied in detail and the behavior of L for different oscillation parameters is found. L effect on the primordially produced {sup 4}He is precisely studied. It is shown that this BBN model is a fine leptometer, capable of feeling extremely small relic lepton asymmetry — |L| > 10{sup ?8}. The case of oscillations generated asymmetry by late electron-sterile oscillations and its effect on the primordial {sup 4}He is also briefly discussed. The instability region of the asymmetry growth is obtained.

  11. Good and Bad News about Ebola

    E-print Network

    Peterson, A. Townsend

    2015-03-12

    entities that are most relevant to this commentary. The mission of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is “. . . to protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S. Whether diseases start at home... or Europe, at least potentially [7]. The implications for disease control and prevention, and particularly for taking care of “American” interests in that regard, are im- mense—the number and variety of diseases that may come into play are considerable...

  12. A better way to deliver bad news.

    PubMed

    Manzoni, Jean-François

    2002-09-01

    In an ideal world, a subordinate would accept critical feedback from a manager with an open mind. He or she would ask a few clarifying questions, promise to work on certain performance areas, and show signs of improvement over time. But things don't always turn out that way. Such conversations can be unpleasant. Emotions can run high; tempers can flare. Fearing that the employee will become angry and defensive, the boss all too often inadvertently sabotages the meeting by preparing for it in a way that stifles honest discussion. This unintentional--indeed, unconscious--stress-induced habit makes it difficult to deliver corrective feedback effectively. Insead professor Jean-François Manzoni says that by changing the mind-set with which they develop and deliver negative feedback, managers can increase their odds of having productive conversations without damaging relationships. Manzoni describes two behavioral phenomena that color the feedback process--the fundamental attribution error and the false consensus effect--and uses real-world examples to demonstrate how bosses' critiques can go astray. Managers tend to frame difficult situations and decisions in a way that is narrow (alternatives aren't considered) and binary (there are only two possible outcomes--win or lose). And during the feedback discussion, managers' framing of the issues often remains frozen, regardless of the direction the conversation takes. Manzoni advises managers not to just settle on the first acceptable explanation for a behavior or situation they've witnessed. Bosses also need to consider an employee's circumstances rather than just attributing weak performance to a person's disposition. In short, delivering more effective feedback requires an open-minded approach, one that will convince employees that the process is fair and that the boss is ready for an honest conversation. PMID:12227144

  13. Scandal Clouds News Corporation's Move into Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quillen, Ian

    2011-01-01

    When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News

  14. What Causes Bad Breath?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... this tool to play your goals. Hot Topics Stress & Coping Center Writing a Paper Abusive Relationships Dynamic Stretching A Guy's Guide to Body Image What Causes Bad Breath? KidsHealth > Teens > Body > Taking Care of Your Body > What Causes ...

  15. Bad Reaction to Cosmetics?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Bad Reaction to Cosmetics? Tell FDA Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More ... M.D., director of the agency’s Office of Cosmetics and Colors. “So, consumers are one of FDA’s ...

  16. Large-Scale Parallel Programming: Experience with the BBN Butterfly Parallel Processor

    E-print Network

    Scott, Michael L.

    Large-Scale Parallel Programming: Experience with the BBN Butterfly Parallel Processor Thomas J. Le of Rochester have used a collection of BBN Butterfly TM Parallel Processors to conduct research in parallel with the Butterfly we have ported three compilers, developed five major and several minor library packages, built two

  17. Bad pixel mapping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Roger M.; Hale, David; Wizinowich, Peter

    2014-07-01

    Bad pixels are generally treated as a loss of useable area and then excluded from averaged performance metrics. The definition and detection of "bad pixels" or "cosmetic defects" are seldom discussed, perhaps because they are considered self-evident or of minor consequence for any scientific grade detector, however the ramifications can be more serious than generally appreciated. While the definition of pixel performance is generally understood, the classification of pixels as useable is highly application-specific, as are the consequences of ignoring or interpolating over such pixels. CMOS sensors (including NIR detectors) exhibit less compact distributions of pixel properties than CCDs. The extended tails in these distributions result in a steeper increase in bad pixel counts as performance thresholds are tightened which comes as a surprise to many users. To illustrate how some applications are much more sensitive to bad pixels than others, we present a bad pixel mapping exercise for the Teledyne H2RG used as the NIR tip-tilt sensor in the Keck-1 Adaptive Optics system. We use this example to illustrate the wide range of metrics by which a pixel might be judged inadequate. These include pixel bump bond connectivity, vignetting, addressing faults in the mux, severe sensitivity deficiency of some pixels, non linearity, poor signal linearity, low full well, poor mean-variance linearity, excessive noise and high dark current. Some pixels appear bad by multiple metrics. We also discuss the importance of distinguishing true performance outliers from measurement errors. We note how the complexity of these issues has ramifications for sensor procurement and acceptance testing strategies.

  18. Good vs. Bad Cholesterol

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Heart Insight magazine and monthly e-newsletter Our digital magazine delivers helpful articles and the latest news on keeping your ... and Live Our Interactive Cardiovascular Library has detailed animations and illustrations to help you ...

  19. Bad Accident Involving Sign 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    bobwhite range, 1920-1997?... 3.13. Cropland idle cover in the northern bobwhite range, 1920-1997????... 14 15 16 34 35 37 39 41 42 44 45 47 49 50 51 53 xi FIGURE 3.14. Changes in cropland idle cover... to increased abundance. Scott (1940) believed that 83 % of the NBW in Wisconsin vanished during 1935 and 1936 due to bad weather. The result of this study illustrated that there were significant increases in NBW abundance in the southern central portions...

  20. Research News

    MedlinePLUS

    Research News - National Multiple Sclerosis Society Skip to navigation Skip to content Menu Navigation National Multiple Sclerosis ... Email Home Research Research News & Progress Research News Research News Share Smaller Text Larger Text Print Read ...

  1. Managing away bad habits.

    PubMed

    Waldroop, J; Butler, T

    2000-01-01

    We've all worked with highly competent people who are held back by a seemingly fatal personality flaw. One person takes on too much work; another sees the downside in every proposed change; a third pushes people out of the way. At best, people with these "bad habits" create their own glass ceilings, which limit their success and their contributions to the company. At worst, they destroy their own careers. Although the psychological flaws of such individuals run deep, their managers are not helpless. In this article, James Waldroop and Timothy Butler--both psychologists--examine the root causes of these flaws and suggest concrete tactics they have used to help people recognize and correct the following six behavior patterns: The hero, who always pushes himself--and subordinates--too hard to do too much for too long. The meritocrat, who believes that the best ideas can and will be determined objectively and ignores the politics inherent in most situations. The bulldozer, who runs roughshod over others in a quest for power. The pessimist, who always worries about what could go wrong. The rebel, who automatically fights against authority and convention. And the home run hitter, who tries to do too much too soon--he swings for the fences before he's learned to hit singles. Helping people break through their self-created glass ceilings is the ultimate win-win scenario: both the individual and the organization are rewarded. Using the tactics introduced in this article, managers can help their brilliantly flawed performers become spectacular achievers. PMID:11143157

  2. Probing Baryons, Neutrinos, and Nonstandard Physics with Bbn and the CBR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steigman, Gary

    2003-10-01

    One of the key pillars of modern cosmology, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) offers a probe of the particle content and expansion rate of the Universe a mere few minutes after the beginning. When compared with the BBN predictions, the primordial abundances of deuterium and helium-4 provide an excellent baryometer and chronometer respectively. Helium-4 is also sensitive to the neutrino content of the Universe and is a potential probe of any asymmetry between neutrinos and antineutrinos. Several hundred thousand years after BBN, when the Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR) photons began progagating freely, the spectrum of temperature fluctuations imprinted on them were also sensitive to the baryon density and to the expansion rate. The comparison between the constraints imposed by BBN and those from the CBR reveals a consistent picture of the Universe at two very widely separated epochs. Combining these two probes leads to new, tighter constraints on the baryon density at present and on possible new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics.

  3. News & Publications

    Cancer.gov

    Published on Office of Cancer Genomics (http://ocg.cancer.gov) Home > News & Publications News & Publications [1] OCG is committed to sharing its research with the community. Stay informed by reading the latest news & publications and subscribing to

  4. Tongue Scrapers Only Slightly Reduce Bad Breath

    MedlinePLUS

    ... About | Contact InfoBites Quick Reference Learn more Halitosis (Bad Breath) Does a Smaller Waist Mean Smelly Breath? ... your desktop! more... Tongue Scrapers Only Slightly Reduce Bad Breath Article Chapters Tongue Scrapers Only Slightly Reduce ...

  5. 7 CFR 51.1223 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Peaches Definitions § 51.1223 Badly misshapen. “Badly misshapen” means that the peach is so decidedly deformed that its appearance is...

  6. 7 CFR 51.1223 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Peaches Definitions § 51.1223 Badly misshapen. “Badly misshapen” means that the peach is so decidedly deformed that its appearance is...

  7. 7 CFR 51.1535 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...malformed or rough that its appearance is seriously affected. Doubles shall be considered badly misshapen, except that doubles of Italian type prunes which have approximately equal halves shall not be considered badly...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1535 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...malformed or rough that its appearance is seriously affected. Doubles shall be considered badly misshapen, except that doubles of Italian type prunes which have approximately equal halves shall not be considered badly...

  9. 7 CFR 51.1535 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...malformed or rough that its appearance is seriously affected. Doubles shall be considered badly misshapen, except that doubles of Italian type prunes which have approximately equal halves shall not be considered badly...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1535 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...malformed or rough that its appearance is seriously affected. Doubles shall be considered badly misshapen, except that doubles of Italian type prunes which have approximately equal halves shall not be considered badly...

  11. 7 CFR 51.1535 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...malformed or rough that its appearance is seriously affected. Doubles shall be considered badly misshapen, except that doubles of Italian type prunes which have approximately equal halves shall not be considered badly...

  12. 42 CFR 413.178 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Payment for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.178 Bad debts. (a) CMS will reimburse each facility its allowable Medicare bad...

  13. 42 CFR 413.178 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Payment for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.178 Bad debts. (a) CMS will reimburse each facility its allowable Medicare bad...

  14. 7 CFR 51.1013 - Badly deformed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1013 Badly deformed. Badly deformed means that the fruit is seriously misshapen from any...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1013 - Badly deformed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Persian (Tahiti) Limes Definitions § 51.1013 Badly deformed. Badly deformed means that the fruit is seriously misshapen from any...

  16. 7 CFR 51.2851 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Onions (Other Than Bermuda-Granex-Grano and Creole Types) Definitions...2851 Badly misshapen. Badly misshapen means that the onion is so misshapen that its appearance is seriously...

  17. Forensic Cosmology: Probing Baryons and Neutrinos With BBN and the CMB

    E-print Network

    Steigman, G

    2003-01-01

    The primordial abundances of the light nuclides produced by Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) during the first 20 minutes in the evolution of the Universe are sensitive to the universal density of baryons and to the expansion rate of the early Universe. For example, while deuterium is an excellent baryometer, helium-4 provides an accurate chronometer. Some 400 kyr later, when the cosmic background radiation (CBR) was freed from the grasp of the ionized plasma of protons and electrons, the spectrum of temperature fluctuations also depended on (among other parameters) the baryon density and the density in relativistic particles. The comparison between the constraints imposed by BBN and those from the CBR reveals a remarkably consistent picture of the Universe at two widely separated epochs in its evolution. Combining these two probes leads to new estimates of the baryon density at present and tighter constraints on possible physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. In this review the consistency betwe...

  18. A Response to Robert Maranto's Review of "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weissberg, Robert

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to Robert Maranto's review of "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools". The author begins by thanking Professor Maranto for his thoughtful review of his "Bad Students, Not Bad Schools" (2010). Professor Maranto is the first professional educator to acknowledge the book's existence, a fact that says much about…

  19. 7 CFR 51.2005 - Badly misshapen.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Badly misshapen. 51.2005 Section 51.2005 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Grades of Filberts in the Shell 1 Definitions § 51.2005 Badly misshapen. Badly misshapen...

  20. DCTD — News & Events

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Content Click here to view the Site Map Home | Sitemap | Contact DCTD Search this site News & Events 2014 News 2013 News 2012 News 2011 News 2010 News 2009 News 2008 News 2007 News 2006 News 2005 News DCTD Programs Cancer Diagnosis Program Cancer

  1. Messengers of Bad News or Bad Apples? Student Debt and College Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darolia, Rajeev

    2015-01-01

    Student loan debt and defaults have been steadily rising, igniting public worry about the associated public and private risks. This has led to controversial regulatory attempts to curb defaults by holding colleges, particularly those in the for-profit sector, increasingly accountable for the student loan repayment behavior of their students. Such…

  2. Climate change - Bad news for montane forest herb layer species?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patsias, Kathrin; Bruelheide, Helge

    2013-07-01

    Global warming presents a threat to plant species distributed at montane or alpine altitudes if the topography does not allow upward shifts in distribution ranges. Nevertheless, the species might also benefit from increasing temperatures and secondary effects on dominant species (e.g. bark beetle outbreaks or summer drought affecting the canopy species). As a consequence, disturbance frequency in montane forests might increase and light availability for herb layer species will increase. We addressed these interactions in a common garden experiment in Central Germany at different altitudes, representing cold and moist vs. warm and dry conditions. We investigated three montane species with different life forms, including a herb (Trientalis europaea), a grass (Calamagrostis villosa) and a dwarf shrub (Vaccinium myrtillus) under three shading treatments (3%, 28% and 86% of full sunlight). We hypothesized that montane species are at a disadvantage in the lowland, with the dwarf shrub suffering more than the grass. Furthermore, we hypothesized an antagonistic interaction of increased temperature and increased light conditions. While T. europaea and V. myrtillus showed only slightly responses to low altitude conditions, C. villosa displayed a nearly fifteen fold increase in biomass production, despite higher observed herbivory levels in the lowland. We failed to show an antagonistic effect of increased temperature and increased light availability, as all study species suffered from deep shade conditions and grew best under full light conditions at both sites. In conclusion, both improved temperature and light conditions might be principally beneficial for the investigated boreal species, in particular for the grass species C. villosa.

  3. Wrapping up the bad news - HIV assembly and release

    E-print Network

    Meng, Bo; Lever, Andrew ML

    2013-01-10

    formation of hexameric arrays of the polyprotein but during cleavage the N-terminal domain of CA can form both pentamers and hexamers and it is this that generates the steric ca- pability to form the asymmetric fullerene cone of the mature capsid [7...

  4. The Bad News and the Good about Nuclear Careers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basta, Nicholas

    1986-01-01

    Traces the changes in the nuclear energy field since World War II, citing distinct periods of growth in the nuclear industry, as well as downtrends. Analyzes the reasons for the changes in public support for nuclear energy and the impact upon careers in the field. (TW)

  5. Breaking bad (news) death-telling in the emergency department.

    PubMed

    Bogle, Angela M; Go, Steven

    2015-01-01

    Many physicians struggle with death-telling in sudden death. Families can be negatively impacted by suboptimal death-telling. Appropriate preparation and education can make death notification less stressful for the physician and may help decrease the development of pathologic grief in the surviving family members that can occur when death is unexpected. Although still controversial, there is a growing body of evidence that family witnessed resuscitation may be beneficial to the grieving process and desired by the public. A previously healthy 21-year-old male comes toyour community emergency department (ED) for a cough that started 4 days ago. He denies fever, shortness of breath, and chest pain. He does admit to a remote history of drug abuse. He states he is feeling "OK" and is only here because his family insisted he come because they were worried he might have pneumonia. His vital signs are normal and he appears well; therefore, he is triaged to the waiting room. About 30 minutes lates the patient complains of shortness of breath and he is brought back to an exam room. The patient is now hypotensive, tachycardic, and pulse oximetry is noted to be 87% on room air. A chest x-ray reveals severe pulmonary edema and an EKG shows ST segment elevation in multiple leads. The patient is taken to the cardiac catheterization lab by the interventional cardiologist, who makes the diagnosis of a ruptured aortic valve due to damage from endocarditis. The patient is returned to the ED to await emergent transfer to a tertiary facility; however, the patient rapidly decompensates and a Code Blue is called. Despite the absence of return of spontaneous circulation, resuscitation efforts are prolonged while the ED social worker attempts to contact the patient's family to come to the ED. Finally, the resuscitation is terminated and the patient is pronounced dead. Several hours later the patient's elderly mother arrives and asks you: "What's going on with Mikey?" PMID:25812264

  6. Big Black Holes Mean Bad News for Stars (diagram)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Poster Version Suppression of Star Formation from Supermassive Black Holes

    This diagram illustrates research from NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer showing that black holes -- once they reach a critical size -- can put the brakes on new star formation in elliptical galaxies.

    In this graph, galaxies and their supermassive black holes are indicated by the drawings (the black circle at the center of each galaxy represents the black hole). The relative masses of the galaxies and their black holes are reflected in the sizes of the drawings. Blue indicates that the galaxy has new stars, while red means the galaxy does not have any detectable new stars.

    The Galaxy Evolution Explorer observed the following trend: the biggest galaxies and black holes (shown in upper right corner) are more likely to have no observable star formation (red) than the smaller galaxies with smaller black holes. This is evidence that black holes can create environments unsuitable for stellar birth.

    The white line in the diagram illustrates that, for any galaxy no matter what the mass, its black hole must reach a critical size before it can shut down star formation.

  7. Voluntary environmental agreements: Good or bad news for environmental protection?

    SciTech Connect

    Segerson, K.; Miceli, T.J.

    1998-09-01

    There has been growing interest in the use of voluntary agreements (VAs) as an environmental policy tool. This article uses a simple model to determine whether VAs are likely to lead to efficient environmental protection. The authors consider cases where polluters are induced to participate either by a background threat of mandatory controls (the stick approach) or by cost-sharing subsidies (the carrot approach). The results suggest that the overall impact on environmental quality could be positive or negative, depending on a number of factors, including the allocation of bargaining power, the magnitude of the background threat, and the social cost of funds.

  8. NCLB and Its Wake: Bad News for Democracy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meens, David E.; Howe, Kenneth R.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Local control has historically been a prominent principle in education policymaking and governance. Culminating with the passage of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), however, the politics of education have been nationalized to an unprecedented degree, and local control has all but disappeared as a principle framing education policymaking.…

  9. Ultra-cold WIMPs: relics of non-standard pre-BBN cosmologies

    E-print Network

    Graciela B. Gelmini; Paolo Gondolo

    2008-08-20

    Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are one of very few probes of cosmology before Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). We point out that in scenarios in which the Universe evolves in a non-standard manner during and after WIMP kinetic decoupling, the horizon mass scale at decoupling can be smaller and the dark matter WIMPs can be colder than in standard cosmology. This would lead to much smaller first objects in hierarchical structure formation. In low reheating temperature scenarios the effect may be large enough as to noticeably enhance indirect detection signals in GLAST and other detectors, by up to two orders of magnitude.

  10. The path to metallicity: Synthesis of CNO elements in standard BBN

    SciTech Connect

    Iocco, Fabio; Mangano, G.; Miele, G.; Pisanti, O.; Serpico, P.D.; /Fermilab

    2007-02-01

    We perform a reanalysis of the production of CNO elements in a standard Big Bang Nucleosynthesis scenario. The CNO yields in BBN are suppressed by the low density of the plasma, Coulomb barrier effects and the short time scales involved. Yet, the inclusion of nuclides and reactions traditionally disregarded may lead to an increase relevant enough to affect the pristine Population III stars. After a critical reanalysis and upgrade of the nuclear network our results show no major discrepancies with the ones obtained using a smaller nuclear network. The robustness of the standard predictions--the early generation of star developed in a metal-free environment--is confirmed.

  11. Fellowship News

    Cancer.gov

    Third Robert A. Welch Fellowship Awarded to Wei Tang Fourth Annual DCEG Fellows' Training Symposium DCEG Fellows Present at the 2012 NIH Spring Research Festival New Representatives for Fellows Committees Print This Page Fellowship News, Linkage Newsletter News

  12. Forensic Cosmology: Probing Baryons and Neutrinos With BBN and the CBR

    E-print Network

    Gary Steigman

    2003-09-30

    The primordial abundances of the light nuclides produced by Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) during the first 20 minutes in the evolution of the Universe are sensitive to the universal density of baryons and to the expansion rate of the early Universe. For example, while deuterium is an excellent baryometer, helium-4 provides an accurate chronometer. Some 400 kyr later, when the cosmic background radiation (CBR) was freed from the grasp of the ionized plasma of protons and electrons, the spectrum of temperature fluctuations also depended on (among other parameters) the baryon density and the density in relativistic particles. The comparison between the constraints imposed by BBN and those from the CBR reveals a remarkably consistent picture of the Universe at two widely separated epochs in its evolution. Combining these two probes leads to new estimates of the baryon density at present and tighter constraints on possible physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. In this review the consistency between these complementary probes of the universal baryon density and the early-Universe expansion rate is exploited to provide new constraints on any asymmetry between relic neutrinos and anti-neutrinos (neutrino degeneracy).

  13. v News & Features Industry News

    E-print Network

    Kowalczykowski, Stephen C.

    v News & Features InFocus - Archives > Research News Industry News Features Pubmed Events Help DNA Throttle Controls Molecular Machine 9/5/2003 -- A DNA sequence that acts as a throttle to control the rateBCD is a molecular machine made up of three proteins. Two of these are motor units that propel the enzyme along

  14. 25 CFR 11.421 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad checks. 11.421 Section 11.421 Indians BUREAU OF... Criminal Offenses § 11.421 Bad checks. (a) A person who issues or passes a check or similar sight order for...) For the purposes of this section, an issuer is presumed to know that the check or order would not...

  15. 25 CFR 11.421 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Bad checks. 11.421 Section 11.421 Indians BUREAU OF... Criminal Offenses § 11.421 Bad checks. (a) A person who issues or passes a check or similar sight order for...) For the purposes of this section, an issuer is presumed to know that the check or order would not...

  16. 27 CFR 70.101 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Bad checks. 70.101 Section....101 Bad checks. If any check or money order in payment of any amount receivable under Title 26 of the... paid as a penalty by the person who tendered such check, upon notice and demand, in the same manner...

  17. 27 CFR 70.101 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad checks. 70.101 Section....101 Bad checks. If any check or money order in payment of any amount receivable under Title 26 of the... paid as a penalty by the person who tendered such check, upon notice and demand, in the same manner...

  18. 25 CFR 11.421 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad checks. 11.421 Section 11.421...CODE Criminal Offenses § 11.421 Bad checks. (a) A person who issues...after issue, and the issuer failed to make good within 10 days after receiving notice...

  19. 27 CFR 70.101 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad checks. 70.101 Section 70.101...and Assessable Penalties § 70.101 Bad checks. If any check or money...officer that such check was tendered in good faith and that such person had...

  20. Identifying Bad Measurements in Compressive Sensing

    E-print Network

    Kung, H. T.

    Identifying Bad Measurements in Compressive Sensing H. T. Kung, Tsung-Han Lin, Dario Vlah Harvard the system of linear equations in compressive sensing is underconstrained, errors introduced by these bad of large nonzero variables. I. INTRODUCTION Compressive sensing has emerged as a major research area due to

  1. Cost-Benefit Trade-Off Analysis using BBN for Aspect-Oriented Risk-Driven Development

    E-print Network

    Bieman, James M.

    (RoSI). The trade-off analysis is implemented using BBN, and RoSI is computed by estimating a set of variables de- scribing properties of a treatment strategy. RoSI for each treatment strategy is then used Return of Security Investments (RoSI). RoSI is the value of loss reduction to money invested on security

  2. New BBN limits on physics beyond the standard model from 4He

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cyburt, Richard H.; Fields, Brian D.; Olive, Keith A.; Skillman, Evan

    2005-04-01

    A recent analysis of the 4He abundance determined from observations of extragalactic HII regions indicates a significantly greater uncertainty for the 4He mass fraction. Furthermore, due to a different treatment of systematic effects such as underlying stellar absorption, the derived value of the 4He abundance is slightly higher. As a result, the predicted value of the primordial 4He abundance is now in line with calculations from big bang nucleosynthesis when the baryon density determined by WMAP is assumed. Analysis based on prior estimates of the 4He abundance will necessarily lead to constraints which are overly restrictive. Based on this new analysis of 4He, we derive constraints on a host of particle properties which include: limits on the number of relativistic species at the time of BBN (commonly taken to be the limit on neutrino flavors), limits on the variations of fundamental couplings such as ?em and GN, and limits on decaying particles.

  3. Hydroacoustic propagation grids for the CTBT knowledge databaes BBN technical memorandum W1303

    SciTech Connect

    J. Angell

    1998-05-01

    The Hydroacoustic Coverage Assessment Model (HydroCAM) has been used to develop components of the hydroacoustic knowledge database required by operational monitoring systems, particularly the US National Data Center (NDC). The database, which consists of travel time, amplitude correction and travel time standard deviation grids, is planned to support source location, discrimination and estimation functions of the monitoring network. The grids will also be used under the current BBN subcontract to support an analysis of the performance of the International Monitoring System (IMS) and national sensor systems. This report describes the format and contents of the hydroacoustic knowledgebase grids, and the procedures and model parameters used to generate these grids. Comparisons between the knowledge grids, measured data and other modeled results are presented to illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of the current approach. A recommended approach for augmenting the knowledge database with a database of expected spectral/waveform characteristics is provided in the final section of the report.

  4. Ozone: Good Up High, Bad Nearby

    MedlinePLUS

    ... gas that occurs both in the Earth’s upper atmosphere and at ground level. Ozone can be “good” ... the environment, depending on its location in the atmosphere. How Can Ozone Be Both Good and Bad? ...

  5. 42 CFR 413.178 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Payment for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Services and Organ Procurement Costs § 413.178 Bad debts. Link to an amendment published at 75 FR 49199, Aug. 12, 2010....

  6. Bad Science and Its Social Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeidler, Dana L.; Sadler, Troy D.; Berson, Michael J.; Fogelman, Aimee L.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates three types of bad science: (1) cultural prejudice based on scientific errors (polygenism, phrenology, reification through intelligence testing); (2) unethical science (Tuskegee syphilis experiments, tobacco companies and research); and (3) unwitting errors (pesticides, chlorofluorocarbons). (Contains 50 references.) (SK)

  7. Industry News

    Cancer.gov

    Myriad RBM announces Oncology MAP v2.0Myriad RBM, a former recipient of Small Business Innovations Research funding from the NCI, has recently announced the launch of OncologyMAP® v2.0. Print This Page Industry News, eProtein News and Events

  8. Bad Career.1 Patterson 1994 David A. Patterson

    E-print Network

    Kobourov, Stephen G.

    Bad Career.1 Ó Patterson 1994 David A. Patterson Computer Science Division EECS Department University of California at Berkeley http://http.cs.berkeley.edu/~patterson How to Have a Bad Career How to Have a Bad Career in Research/Academia in Research/Academia Bad Career.2 Ó Patterson 1994 Outline

  9. Bad Career.1 Patterson 1994 David A. Patterson

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Bad Career.1 © Patterson 1994 David A. Patterson Computer Science Division EECS Department University of California at Berkeley http://http.cs.berkeley.edu/~patterson How to Have a Bad CareerHow to Have a Bad Career in Research/Academiain Research/Academia #12;Bad Career.2 © Patterson 1994 Outline

  10. Bad Career.1 Patterson 1994 David A. Patterson

    E-print Network

    Reif, Rafael

    Page 1 Bad Career.1 © Patterson 1994 David A. Patterson Computer Science Division EECS Department University of California at Berkeley http://http.cs.berkeley.edu/~patterson How to Have a Bad CareerHow to Have a Bad Career in Research/Academiain Research/Academia Bad Career.2 © Patterson 1994 Outline · Part

  11. Good news–bad news: the Yin and Yang of immune privilege in the eye

    PubMed Central

    Forrester, John V.; Xu, Heping

    2012-01-01

    The eye and the brain are prototypical tissues manifesting immune privilege (IP) in which immune responses to foreign antigens, particularly alloantigens are suppressed, and even completely inhibited. Explanations for this phenomenon are numerous and mostly reflect our evolving understanding of the molecular and cellular processes underpinning immunological responses generally. IP is now viewed as a property of many tissues and the level of expression of IP varies not only with the tissue but with the nature of the foreign antigen and changes in the limited conditions under which privilege can operate as a mechanism of immunological tolerance. As a result, IP functions normally as a homeostatic mechanism preserving normal function in tissues, particularly those with highly specialized function and limited capacity for renewal such as the eye and brain. However, IP is relatively easily bypassed in the face of a sufficiently strong immunological response, and the privileged tissues may be at greater risk of collateral damage because its natural defenses are more easily breached than in a fully immunocompetent tissue which rapidly rejects foreign antigen and restores integrity. This two-edged sword cuts its swathe through the eye: under most circumstances, IP mechanisms such as blood–ocular barriers, intraocular immune modulators, induction of T regulatory cells, lack of lymphatics, and other properties maintain tissue integrity; however, when these are breached, various degrees of tissue damage occur from severe tissue destruction in retinal viral infections and other forms of uveoretinal inflammation, to less severe inflammatory responses in conditions such as macular degeneration. Conversely, ocular IP and tumor-related IP can combine to permit extensive tumor growth and increased risk of metastasis thus threatening the survival of the host. PMID:23230433

  12. Drug Use, Dependence, and Addiction at a British Columbia University: Good News and Bad News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Bruce K.

    1985-01-01

    Two studies of perceived and actual drug use at Simon Fraser University found students estimating greater drug use among friends than for themselves, but 31 percent reported dependence and 5 percent reported current addiction, especially to caffeine and nicotine. An approach to drug abuse focusing on familiar substances is recommended. (MSE)

  13. Copyright (c) Cem Kaner, 1999. 1 A Bad Law for Bad Software --

    E-print Network

    "Uniform" laws. · NCCUSL has about a 50% success rate in passage of bills introduced into stateCopyright (c) Cem Kaner, 1999. 1 A Bad Law for Bad Software -- And What We Can Do About It Cem Kaner April, 1999 #12;Copyright (c) Cem Kaner, 1999. 2 The Law Today: Uniform Commercial Code · Uniform

  14. Leaving Room for the Bad Guys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bond, Mike

    When designing a crypto protocol, or building a large security architecture, no competent designer ignores considering the bad guy, and anticipating his plans. But often we designers find ourselves striving to build totally secure systems and protocols, in effect writing the bad guys entirely out of the equation. In a large system, when you exclude the bad guys, they soon muscle their way in elsewhere, and maybe in a new and worse way over which you may have much less control. A crypto protocol with no known weaknesses may be a strong tool, but when it does break, it will break in an unpredictable way. This talk explores the hypothesis that it is safer and better for designers to give the bad guys their cut, but to keep it small, and keep in control. It may not just be our systems but also our protocol building blocks that should be designed to make room for the bad guy to take his cut. The talk is illustrated with examples of very successful systems with known weaknesses, drawn primarily from the European EMV payment system, and banking security in general. We also discuss a few too secure systems that end up failing in worse ways as a result.

  15. Bad Actors Criticality Assessment for Pipeline system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nasir, Meseret; Chong, Kit wee; Osman, Sabtuni; Siaw Khur, Wee

    2015-04-01

    Failure of a pipeline system could bring huge economic loss. In order to mitigate such catastrophic loss, it is required to evaluate and rank the impact of each bad actor of the pipeline system. In this study, bad actors are known as the root causes or any potential factor leading to the system downtime. Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) is used to analyze the probability of occurrence for each bad actor. Bimbaum's Importance and criticality measure (BICM) is also employed to rank the impact of each bad actor on the pipeline system failure. The results demonstrate that internal corrosion; external corrosion and construction damage are critical and highly contribute to the pipeline system failure with 48.0%, 12.4% and 6.0% respectively. Thus, a minor improvement in internal corrosion; external corrosion and construction damage would bring significant changes in the pipeline system performance and reliability. These results could also be useful to develop efficient maintenance strategy by identifying the critical bad actors.

  16. Using Bad Science To Teach Good Chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Epstein, Michael S.

    1998-11-01

    Many undergraduate college students view the traditional topics of general and analytical chemistry with trepidation and consider them boring and irrelevant to their future careers. While a number of remedial efforts have been made to increase relevancy and interest potential, an area that has not been extensively explored is the incorporation of topics relating to "bad science" into lecture and laboratory curricula. This paper presents examples of bad science ranging from "unintentional mistakes" to "fraud" that can be used as part of traditional courses in general and analytical chemistry to encourage scientific reasoning and ethical behavior, and to provide a classroom atmosphere that encourages students to think and learn.

  17. 48 CFR 2131.205-3 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Bad debts. 2131.205-3 Section 2131.205-3 Federal... Contracts With Commercial Organizations 2131.205-3 Bad debts. Erroneous benefit payments. If the contractor...

  18. A Bad Day for Sandy Dayton.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duch, Barbara

    2000-01-01

    Presents a rear-end car accident scenario to teach about forces and kinetic energy in a problem-based learning format. Includes four parts: (1) "A Bad Day for Sandy Dayton"; (2) "The Emergency Room"; (3) "The Facts of the Case"; and (4) "Judgement Day". Discusses the major issues of the questions, introduces scientific concepts, and initiates…

  19. 48 CFR 31.205-3 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Bad debts. 31.205-3 Section 31.205-3 Federal...Contracts With Commercial Organizations 31.205-3 Bad debts. Bad debts, including actual or estimated losses arising...

  20. 26 CFR 1.166-1 - Bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad debts. 1.166-1 Section 1.166-1...Individuals and Corporations § 1.166-1 Bad debts. (a) Allowance of deduction...deduction shall be allowed in respect of bad debts owed to the taxpayer. For this...

  1. 26 CFR 1.166-4 - Reserve for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reserve for bad debts. 1.166-4 Section...Individuals and Corporations § 1.166-4 Reserve for bad debts. (a) Allowance of deduction... A taxpayer who has established the reserve method of treating bad debts and has...

  2. 26 CFR 1.166-4 - Reserve for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reserve for bad debts. 1.166-4 Section...Individuals and Corporations § 1.166-4 Reserve for bad debts. (a) Allowance of deduction... A taxpayer who has established the reserve method of treating bad debts and has...

  3. "Serving Time": The Relationship of Good and Bad Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The argument is that good and bad teaching are asymmetrical. Eradicating what is readily thought of as bad teaching does not leave behind the purse gold of good teaching. Good teaching is that which promotes student learning. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between bad teaching and good teaching in graduate…

  4. Member News Nano News Press Releases

    E-print Network

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    NanoNEWS Member News Nano News Press Releases Nano Global News Nano Reports Nano Conferences", Exploring Matter with Synchrotron Light" and "Exploring Matter with Neutrons" by ordering from here. Nano. Send your Press R Judith.LightFeather@TNTG.org 14 Oct 2006 Researchers develop bistable nano switch

  5. Computer News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article presents several news stories about computers and technology. (1) Applied Science Associates of Narragansett, Rhode Island is providing computer modeling technology to help locate the remains to the USS Bonhomme Richard, which sank in 1779 after claiming a Revolutionary War victory. (2) Whyville, the leading edu-tainment virtual world…

  6. Anime News

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

    2011-06-15

    Broadcast Transcript: They say a picture is worth a thousand words. So, if there is no picture for a news story, just make something up! This is the premise a Hong Kong-based computer animation company has based its success on. No video footage...

  7. Long residence times - bad tracer tests?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghergut, Julia; Behrens, Horst; Sauter, Martin

    2015-04-01

    Tracer tests conducted at geothermal well doublets or triplets in the Upper Rhine Rift Valley [1] all face, with very few exceptions so far, one common issue: lack of conclusive tracer test results, or tracer signals still undetectable for longer than one or two years after tracer injection. While the reasons for this surely differ from site to site (Riehen, Landau, Insheim, Bruchsal, ...), its effects on how the usefulness of tracer tests is perceived by the non-tracer community are pretty much the same. The 'poor-signal' frustration keeps nourishing two major 'alternative' endeavours : (I) design and execute tracer tests in single-well injection-withdrawal (push-pull), 'instead of' inter-well flow-path tracing configurations; (II) use 'novel' tracer substances instead of the 'old' ones which have 'obviously failed'. Frustration experienced with most inter-well tracer tests in the Upper Rhine Rift Valley has also made them be regarded as 'maybe useful for EGS' ('enhanced', or 'engineered' geothermal systems, whose fluid RTD typically include a major share of values below one year), but 'no longer worthwhile a follow-up sampling' in natural, large-scale hydrothermal reservoirs. We illustrate some of these arguments with the ongoing Bruchsal case [2]. The inter-well tracer test conducted at Bruchsal was (and still is!) aimed at assessing inter-well connectivity, fluid residence times, and characterizing the reservoir structure [3]. Fluid samples taken at the geothermal production well after reaching a fluid turnover of about 700,000 m3 showed tracer concentrations in the range of 10-8 Minj per m3, in the liquid phase of each sample (Minj being the total quantity of tracer injected as a short pulse at the geothermal re-injection well). Tracer signals might actually be higher, owing to tracer amounts co-precipitated and/or adsorbed onto the solid phase whose accumulation in the samples was unavoidable (due to pressure relief and degassing during the very sampling process, and later on during sample aeration); the adsorbed and/or co-precipitated tracer amounts appear to be non-zero, but their accurate metering was not completed to date. Thus, a conservative estimate of cumulative tracer recovery amounts to (at least) 2 parts-per-thousand for the first 700,000 m3 of fluid turnover within the geothermal well doublet. Neither do such recovery values automatically imply 'bad news' (poor inter-well connectivity), nor do they appear as implausibly low (cf. fig. 2 of [3]), considering the possibility of major vertical drainage along the large-scale fault zone that isolates the 'aquifer basin' around the re-injection well from the 'aquifer catchment' around the production well, along with the prospect of transport-effective porosity and/or thickness within these 'aquifers' being rather high, due to extensive fissuring/fracturing. In more general terms, we argue that (a) inter-well flow-path spikings are still worthwhile being conducted even in large-scale hydrothermal reservoirs; (b) results gained from single-well tests [3] can never serve as a substitute for the kind of information (primarily: residence time distribution RTD, or flow-storage repartition FSR) being expected from inter-well tests; (c) tracer species that are 'novel' in terms of thermo-/reactivity/sorptivity/exchange at phase interfaces and thus involve some transport-retarding process cannot alleviate the frustration associated with long RT; (d) augmenting the tracer quantity Minj to use for inter-well spiking might render the tracer signal detectable, say, one or two years earlier, but it does not make FSR available sooner, since Minj cannot alter the RTD of fluids traveling through the reservoir; moreover, for inter-well configurations and reservoir structures typical of the Upper Rhine Rift Valley, the Minj augmenting factors necessary to render tracer signals detectable 1 or 2 years earlier mostly range beyond the limits of the reasonably-recommendable (e. g., for Bruchsal: 2 tons, instead of 100 kg of a particular tracer). Acknowledgements: We gratefully acknow

  8. Squamous and transitional elements in rat bladder carcinomas induced by N-butyl-N-4-hydroxybutyl-nitrosamine (BBN). A study of cytokeratin expression.

    PubMed Central

    Herman, C. J.; Vegt, P. D.; Debruyne, F. M.; Vooijs, G. P.; Ramaekers, F. C.

    1985-01-01

    Three hundred rat bladders bearing tumors induced by N-butyl-N-4-(OH)butyl-nitrosamine (BBN) were examined by routine histologic study and immunohistochemical staining of intermediate filament types. Smaller lesions were similar to human urothelial dysplasia histologically and immunohistochemically. Progression of the lesions demonstrated large exophytic papillomas with extensive endophytic epithelial growth into abundant stroma. These lesions showed increasing predominance of squamous over transitional elements. Immunohistochemical findings confirmed these results and also demonstrated that morphologically indifferent cells, even in early lesions, express heavier cytokeratins characteristic of keratinizing squamous epithelium. These results demonstrate that BBN-induced bladder tumors show marked quantitative and qualitative differences from the most common, purely transitional, human bladder carcinomas. However, the development in BBN-treated rat bladders of two tumor types, squamous and transitional, from an altered urothelium may serve as an attractive model for further study of the molecular genetics of keratin expression. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 PMID:2412446

  9. Navigation Links Biology News

    E-print Network

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Navigation Links Biology News Medicine News Biology Products Medicine Products Biology Definition Medicine Definition Biology Technology Medicine Technology Biology Dictionary Medicine Dictionary Biology Navigation Medical Navigation MHOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS Single-cell transfection tool enables added control

  10. Breaking News & Analysis on Food Ingredients SEARCH Search TipsNews & Analysis NEWS & ANALYSIS

    E-print Network

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    Breaking News & Analysis on Food Ingredients SEARCH Search TipsNews & Analysis NEWS & ANALYSIS Select ... KEYWORDS ALERTS Personalised news alerts by e-mail FOODS INTELLIGENCE Unrivalled market ... RELATED SITES - - Choose site - - NEWS & ANALYSIS SCIENCE & NUTRITION Homepage > Science & Nutrition

  11. BadR and BadM Proteins Transcriptionally Regulate Two Operons Needed for Anaerobic Benzoate Degradation by Rhodopseudomonas palustris

    PubMed Central

    Hirakawa, Hidetada; Hirakawa, Yuko; Greenberg, E. Peter

    2015-01-01

    The bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris grows with the aromatic acid benzoate and the alicyclic acid cyclohexanecarboxylate (CHC) as sole carbon sources. The enzymatic steps in an oxygen-independent pathway for CHC degradation have been elucidated, but it was unknown how the CHC operon (badHI aliAB badK) encoding the enzymes for CHC degradation was regulated. aliA and aliB encode enzymes for the conversion of CHC to cyclohex-1-enecarboxyl–coenzyme A (CHene-CoA). At this point, the pathway for CHC degradation merges with the pathway for anaerobic benzoate degradation, as CHene-CoA is an intermediate in both degradation pathways. Three enzymes, encoded by badK, badH, and badI, prepare and cleave the alicyclic ring of CHene-CoA to yield pimelyl-CoA. Here, we show that the MarR transcription factor family member, BadR, represses transcription of the CHC operon by binding near the transcription start site of badH. 2-Ketocyclohexane-1-carboxyl–CoA, an intermediate of CHC and benzoate degradation, interacts with BadR to abrogate repression. We also present evidence that the transcription factor BadM binds to the promoter of the badDEFGAB (Bad) operon for the anaerobic conversion of benzoate to CHene-CoA to repress its expression. Contrary to previous reports, BadR does not appear to control expression of the Bad operon. These data enhance our view of the transcriptional regulation of anaerobic benzoate degradation by R. palustris. PMID:25888170

  12. Video games: good, bad, or other?

    PubMed

    Prot, Sara; McDonald, Katelyn A; Anderson, Craig A; Gentile, Douglas A

    2012-06-01

    Video games are a pervasive pastime among children and adolescents. The growing popularity of video games has instigated a debate among parents, researchers, video game producers, and policymakers concerning potential harmful and helpful effects of video games on children. This article provides an overview of research findings on the positive and negative effects of video games, thus providing an empirical answer to the question, are video games good or bad? The article also provides some guidelines to help pediatricians, parents, and other caregivers protect children from negative effects and to maximize positive effects of video games. PMID:22643171

  13. Competition in Healthcare: Good, Bad or Ugly?

    PubMed Central

    Goddard, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The role of competition in healthcare is much debated. Despite a wealth of international experience in relation to competition, evidence is mixed and contested and the debate about the potential role for competition is often polarised. This paper considers briefly some of the reasons for this, focusing on what is meant by "competition in healthcare" and why it is more valuable to think about the circumstances in which competition is more and less likely to be a good tool to achieve benefits, rather than whether or not it is "good" or "bad," per se.M PMID:26340484

  14. Global warming, bad weather, insurance losses and the global economy

    SciTech Connect

    Low, N.C.; Shen, S.

    1996-09-01

    Global warming causes extremely bad weather in the near term. The impact on the insurance industry is described. Why global warming in the near term causes very bad weather is explained. The continuing trend of very bad weather and the future impact on the insurance industry is explored. How very bad weather can affect the global financial market is explained. Taking a historical view of the development of the modern economy, the authors describe in the near term the impact of global warming on the global economy. The long term impact of global warming on the global economy and the human race is explored. Opportunities presented by global warming are described.

  15. Measuring News Media Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maksl, Adam; Ashley, Seth; Craft, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    News media literacy refers to the knowledge and motivations needed to identify and engage with journalism. This study measured levels of news media literacy among 500 teenagers using a new scale measure based on Potter's model of media literacy and adapted to news media specifically. The adapted model posits that news media literate individuals…

  16. News Releases Media Resources

    E-print Network

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    . In this seminar students evaluate bio-inspired methods for synthesizing new materials and explore the possibility News 6Other News Events Calendar Solutions for Our Future Top Stories Campus Announcements People Science & Technology News Archive Weekly Bulletin Search the News #12;

  17. Least bad solutions to the 'drugs problem'.

    PubMed

    Mugford, S

    1991-01-01

    This paper examines the current difficulties being faced in Australia by policy-makers attempting to regulate the non-medical use of illegal drugs, and it is suggested that the difficulties centre upon two aspects. First, existing prohibitions are unsuccessful, with use levels rising and, in some arenas (e.g. cocaine use in the USA), quite out of control. On the other hand, a move towards decriminalization or legalization is difficult because past propaganda has been so vehement that a change now apparently risks sending the wrong messages to young people. This dilemma means that there is no solution, including inertia, which is risk-free, nor is there one free of difficulties. It is thus relevant to think in terms of 'least bad' rather than 'best' when formulating a system to face these problems. The exploration of what this least bad solution might be begins with the examination of the prominent myths (such as 'the drug-free society', 'the evil pusher', 'the user as victim' and 'the young person as cultural dope') that hinder our reasoning. Secondly, by suggesting that, in a climate of increasing crime related to drugs, inability of prohibitions to control that use and escalating health risks attendant on use (including the AIDS problem), the central policy thrust must be harm reduction and damage minimization rather than illusory goals such as widespread abstinence. The paper concludes with a discussion of some relevant evidence on alternative options. PMID:16818303

  18. On good and bad forms of medicalization.

    PubMed

    Parens, Erik

    2013-01-01

    The ongoing 'enhancement' debate pits critics of new self-shaping technologies against enthusiasts. One important thread of that debate concerns medicalization, the process whereby 'non-medical' problems become framed as 'medical' problems. In this paper I consider the charge of medicalization, which critics often level at new forms of technological self-shaping, and explain how that charge can illuminate--and obfuscate. Then, more briefly, I examine the charge of pharmacological Calvinism, which enthusiasts, in their support of technological self-shaping, often level at critics. And I suggest how that charge, too, can illuminate and obfuscate. Exploring the broad charge of medicalization and the narrower counter charge of pharmacological Calvinism leads me to conclude that, as satisfying as it can be to level one of those charges at our intellectual opponents, and as tempting as it is to lie down and rest with our favorite insight, we need to gather the energy to have a conversation about the difference between good and bad forms of medicalization. Specifically, I suggest that if we consider the 'medicalization of love,' we can see why critics of and enthusiasts about technological self-shaping should want (and in some cases have already begun) to distinguish between good and bad forms of such medicalization. PMID:21535062

  19. 26 CFR 301.6657-1 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Bad checks. 301.6657-1 Section 301.6657-1... Additions to the Tax and Additional Amounts § 301.6657-1 Bad checks. (a) In general. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, if a check or money order is tendered in the payment of any amount...

  20. 26 CFR 301.6657-1 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad checks. 301.6657-1 Section 301.6657-1... Additions to the Tax and Additional Amounts § 301.6657-1 Bad checks. (a) In general. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, if a check or money order is tendered in the payment of any amount...

  1. 48 CFR 1631.205-71 - FEHBP bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true FEHBP bad debts. 1631.205-71 Section 1631.205-71 Federal...Contracts With Commercial Organizations 1631.205-71 FEHBP bad debts. Erroneous benefit payments are not automatically...

  2. 26 CFR 301.6657-1 - Bad checks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bad checks. 301.6657-1 Section 301...Additional Amounts § 301.6657-1 Bad checks. (a) In general...district director that it was tendered in good faith with reasonable cause to believe...

  3. Thematic and Content Analysis of Idiopathic Nightmares and Bad Dreams

    PubMed Central

    Robert, Geneviève; Zadra, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Study Objectives: To conduct a comprehensive and comparative study of prospectively collected bad dream and nightmare reports using a broad range of dream content variables. Design: Correlational and descriptive. Setting: Participants' homes. Participants: Three hundred thirty-one adult volunteers (55 men, 275 women, 1 not specified; mean age = 32.4 ± 14.8 y). Interventions: N/A. Measurement and Results: Five hundred seventy-two participants kept a written record of all of their remembered dreams in a log for 2 to 5 consecutive weeks. A total of 9,796 dream reports were collected and the content of 253 nightmares and 431 bad dreams reported by 331 participants was investigated. Physical aggression was the most frequently reported theme in nightmares, whereas interpersonal conflicts predominated in bad dreams. Nightmares were rated by participants as being substantially more emotionally intense than were bad dreams. Thirty-five percent of nightmares and 55% of bad dreams contained primary emotions other than fear. When compared to bad dreams, nightmares were more bizarre and contained substantially more aggressions, failures, and unfortunate endings. Conclusions: The results have important implications on how nightmares are conceptualized and defined and support the view that when compared to bad dreams, nightmares represent a somewhat rarer—and more severe—expression of the same basic phenomenon. Citation: Robert G; Zadra A. Thematic and content analysis of idiopathic nightmares and bad dreams. SLEEP 2014;37(2):409-417. PMID:24497669

  4. Mentoring Graduate Students: The Good, Bad, and Gray

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ballantine, Jeanne H.; Jolly-Ballantine, John-Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Good mentoring of graduate students influences their perseverance and success to completion, whereas bad mentoring can result in negative outcomes, including delayed degree completion or non-completion. What the authors refer to as the gray zone is that which falls between good and bad mentoring. Examples are partial mentoring or changes in…

  5. Why Am I in Such a Bad Mood?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... I in Such a Bad Mood? KidsHealth > Teens > Mind > Feelings & Emotions > Why Am I in Such a Bad Mood? Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? When It's More Than Just a Mood Taking Control Do you ever find yourself getting really irritable ...

  6. HOW TO MANAGE DATA BADLY (PART 1 & 2)

    EPA Science Inventory

    In a landmark article in The American Statistician, Howard Wainer (1994) presented ideas for (a) "How to Display Data Badly," wherein good data are ruined by bad graphics. Wainer presumed too much. In this essay, I extend his concept by presenting ideas and examples of how scient...

  7. Ground state cooling in a bad cavity

    E-print Network

    Stefano Zippilli; Giovanna Morigi; Wolfgang P. Schleich

    2006-03-27

    We study the mechanical effects of light on an atom trapped in a harmonic potential when an atomic dipole transition is driven by a laser and it is strongly coupled to a mode of an optical resonator. We investigate the cooling dynamics in the bad cavity limit, focussing on the case in which the effective transition linewidth is smaller than the trap frequency, hence when sideband cooling could be implemented. We show that quantum correlations between the mechanical actions of laser and cavity field can lead to an enhancement of the cooling efficiency with respect to sideband cooling. Such interference effects are found when the resonator losses prevail over spontaneous decay and over the rates of the coherent processes characterizing the dynamics.

  8. Learn good from bad: Effects of good and bad neighbors in spatial prisoners' dilemma games

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Peng

    2015-10-01

    Cooperation is vital for the human society and this study focuses on how to promote cooperation. In our stratification model, there exist three classes: two minorities are elites who are prone to cooperate and scoundrels who are born to defect; one majority is the class of common people. Agents of these three classes interact with each other on a square lattice. Commons' cooperation and its factors are investigated. Contradicting our common sense, it indicates that elites play a negative role while scoundrels play a positive one in promoting commons' cooperation. Besides, effects of good and bad neighbors vary with temptation. When the temptation is smaller the positive effect is able to overcome the negative effect, but the later prevails when the temptation is larger. It concludes that common people are more prone to cooperate in harsh environment with bad neighbors, and a better environment with good neighbors merely leads to laziness and free riding of commons.

  9. Bad Luck or Bad Decisions: College Students' Perceptions of the Reasons for and Consequences of Their Alcohol Overdose

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Janet

    2007-01-01

    Reasons for and immediate consequences of an alcohol overdose were explored for 217 undergraduate students requiring a medical emergency transport because of excessive alcohol consumption. The sample was categorized into 26 students attributing their overdose solely to bad luck and 191 students citing bad decision making as an explanation. A…

  10. Take Your Multivitamins! Vitamins are tricky: taking too many is bad and not taking enough is bad, so taking just

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Take Your Multivitamins! Vitamins are tricky: taking too many is bad and not taking enough is bad, so taking just the right amount to keep the body's vitamins and minerals well-balanced is crucial healthy and functioning well is to take a daily multivitamin. Taking these vitamins can prevent illnesses

  11. Is the Public Hungry for Math? At the end of 2007 CNN compiled a list of the top news stories

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Douglas N.

    stories of the year. A third of the stories were about celebrities behav- ing badly (Anna Nicole Smith Spears's child custody battle, Michael Vick's arrest for dog-fighting, etc.). None of the stories the choices the news media makes throughout the year in deciding what stories are of interest to the American

  12. Primordial magnetic field constrained from CMB anisotropies,and its generation and evolution before, during and after the BBN

    E-print Network

    Dai G. Yamazaki; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Toshitaka Kajino; Grant J. Mathews

    2006-10-09

    The primordial magnetic field (PMF) can strongly affect the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum and the formation of large scale structure. In this presentation, we calculate the CMB temperature anisotropies generated by including a power-law magnetic field at the photon last scattering surface (PLSS). We then deduce an upper limit on the primordial magnetic field based upon our theoretical analysis of the power excess on small angular scales. We have taken into account several important effects such as the modified matter sound speed in the presence of a magnetic field. An upper limit to the field strength of $|B_\\lambda|\\lesssim$ 4.7 nG at the present scale of 1 Mpc is deduced. This is obtained by comparing the calculated theoretical result including the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect with recent observed data on the small scale CMB anisotropies from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), the Cosmic Background Imager (CBI) and the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver (ACBAR). We discuss several possible mechanisms for the generation and evolution of the PMF before, during and after the BBN.

  13. Figuring Out Health News

    MedlinePLUS

    ... additional information about a news report on the Internet. Put keywords from the news report into a search engine and see what comes up. The results will give you lots of different perspectives — particularly if the issue is big news — so you're not relying ...

  14. Newton's constant in f(R,R{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}R{sup {mu}}{sup {nu}},{open_square}R) theories of gravity and constraints from BBN

    SciTech Connect

    Nesseris, Savvas; Mazumdar, Anupam

    2009-05-15

    We consider corrections to the Einstein-Hilbert action, which contain both higher order and nonlocal terms. We derive an effective Newtonian gravitational constant applicable at the weak field limit and use the primordial nucleosynthesis (BBN) bound and the local gravity constraints on G{sub eff} in order to test the viability of several cases of our general Lagrangian. We will also provide a BBN constrain on the {open_square}R gravitational correction.

  15. Strategies to Prevent “Bad Luck” in Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Cavuto, Silvio; Apolone, Giovanni; Noonan, Douglas M.

    2015-01-01

    It is impossible to predict exactly who will develop a cancer and who will not. We know that several “risk factors” may increase the chance of getting cancer and that risk increases with age. However, even with that in mind we seem to be able to explain only a certain number of cancers. Recently, Tomasetti and Vogelstein published a provocative article in Science stating that a large percentage of cancers may be due to “bad luck” (stochastic mutation events during DNA replication) and only a few to carcinogens, pathogens, or inherited genes and that this should impact public health policies. However, their intriguing analysis has numerous limitations, some of which have already been commented upon, including the likely biased subset of cancers and that finding a correlation does not signify a cause-effect mechanism. Here, we point out that there may also be an alternative explanation for the data, the cancer stem cell hypothesis, which postulates that cancers are derived from tissue stem cells and not from somatic differentiated cells. We also highlight the importance of the tissue microenvironment in the growth of transformed cells and outline a table of concurrent factors for several cancers. The message communicated to the public should not be one of helplessness in avoiding cancers, particularly given the now extensive knowledge of known risk factors and several agents/behaviors that can lower risk for specific cancers. While some tumors will still be due to chance, prevention should still be a primary goal for public health policies. PMID:26242894

  16. ON NUMBERS BADLY APPROXIMABLE BY Q-ADIC RATIONALS

    E-print Network

    Nilsson, Johan

    1. Diophantine Approximation and BAN . . . . . . . . 9 - q-adically Badly Approximable Numbers. One-sided q-adically BAN 3. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 II. Two-sided q-adically BAN 9. Introduction

  17. Be prepared for changes in bad debt settlements.

    PubMed

    Feigal, Mark S

    2014-03-01

    Bad debt settlement amounts for dialysis care continue to be limited to those expenses attributable to the former composite payment rate, and exclude the expenses attributable to previously separately billable drugs such as erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, IV iron, and Vitamin D. Since 2011, the cost report form automatically reduces the bad debt amount reported on Schedule E by a percentage of composite rate only costs to total costs entered on schedule B. Therefore, make sure that the bad debt detail submitted includes the entire amounts written off of the patients' account. When in doubt, you can contact individuals at the provider audit departments of the MACs who are assigned to these bad debt recoveries and are knowledgeable about the requirements. PMID:24720010

  18. Why Are Bad Products So Hard to Kill?

    E-print Network

    Simester, Duncan

    It is puzzling that firms often continue to invest in product development projects when they should know that demand will be low. We argue that bad products are hard to kill because firms face an inherent conflict when ...

  19. Asymmetric antiproton debuncher: No bad mixing, more good mixing

    SciTech Connect

    Visnjic, V.

    1994-07-01

    An asymmetric lattice for the Fermilab Antiproton Debuncher is designed. The lattice has zero mixing between the pickups and the kickers (bad mixing) while the mixing in the rest of the machine (good mixing) can be varied (even during the operation of the machine) in order to optimize the stochastic cooling. As an example, a lattice with zero bad mixing and twice the good mixing is presented. The betatron cooling rate in this lattice is twice its present value.

  20. 76 FR 58784 - Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-22

    ... COMMISSION Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, containing a civil penalty of $715,000.00. DATES: Any interested... accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC (``Bad Boy'') and staff (``Staff'') of the...

  1. How to Have a Bad CareerHow to Have a Bad Career as a Stanford Graduateas a Stanford Graduate

    E-print Network

    Pratt, Vaughan

    with a 4.0 GPA! ­ Don't spend a summer in industry: takes longer » How could industry experience help to Have a Bad Career in Industry/Academia" ­ Initial version in 1994, targeted to junior faculty ­ http

  2. Why good accountants do bad audits.

    PubMed

    Bazerman, Max H; Loewenstein, George; Moore, Don A

    2002-11-01

    On July 30, President Bush signed into law the Sarbanes-Oxley Act addressing corporate accountability. A response to recent financial scandals, the law tightened federal controls over the accounting industry and imposed tough new criminal penalties for fraud. The president proclaimed, "The era of low standards and false profits is over." If only it were that easy. The authors don't think corruption is the main cause of bad audits. Rather, they claim, the problem is unconscious bias. Without knowing it, we all tend to discount facts that contradict the conclusions we want to reach, and we uncritically embrace evidence that supports our positions. Accountants might seem immune to such distortions because they work with seemingly hard numbers and clear-cut standards. But the corporate-auditing arena is particularly fertile ground for self-serving biases. Because of the often subjective nature of accounting and the close relationships between accounting firms and their corporate clients, even the most honest and meticulous of auditors can unintentionally massage the numbers in ways that mask a company's true financial status, thereby misleading investors, regulators, and even management. Solving this problem will require far more aggressive action than the U.S. government has taken thus far. What's needed are practices and regulations that recognize the existence of bias and moderate its effects. True auditor independence will entail fundamental changes to the way the accounting industry operates, including full divestiture of consulting and tax services, rotation of auditing firms, and fixed-term contracts that prohibit client companies from firing their auditors. Less tangibly, auditors must come to appreciate the profound impact of self-serving biases on their judgment. PMID:12422793

  3. News & Announcements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-08-01

    News from Journal House Perspective on JCE Online Recently a reader asked us for a perspective on JCE Onlinehow the chemical education community is receiving it and how the Journal staff itself views it. We share our responses below. Subscriber Numbers How many people subscribe to JCE Online+? As of June 1, 1999, our records show that 13% of individual JCE subscriptions in the USA include JCE Online+. This percentage has increased significantly during the past year- in June 1998 it was approximately 4% and December 1998 about 7%. Almost all subscribers to JCE Online subscribe to print as well. Since JCE Online has only very recently been made available to institutional subscribers, there are no numbers to report. There has been considerable interest in online from libraries. Given that JCE Online+ is a fairly recent subscriber option and that many subscribers have a wait-and-see approach to any new option, we feel that the numbers above are quite high. The steady growth is encouraging. Online Usage How many people visit our Web site? Statistics for the period January 1, 1999, through May 31, 1999, that may be of interest include:

    Total Pages Served 361,115

    Total Visits 138,377

    Total Unique Visitors 51,744

    Total Repeat Visitors 11,536

    Average Visit Length 03:05

    Average Requests/Visit 10.8

    Average Pages/Visit 2.6

    Average Daily Visits 916 Online Rationale and Expectations JCE Online is a very important part of the whole Journal, but we do not expect it to supplant print: online and print are very different media. Usage of JCE Online is growing steadily; our subscribers are realizing what we have learned: it is not possible to deliver the Journal in the print medium alone- print is no longer adequate to accomplish our mission. Examples of things not possible in print include:

    ·JCE Index to all 76 years of Journal issues, available all the time with responses within seconds.

    ·Supplementary materials that are important to only a limited number of our subscribers; materials that augment laboratory experiments are a good example.

    ·Supplementary videos, such as the videos, still images, and excerpts from interviews with nuclear chemists that give fuller meaning to the Viewpoints article "Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements- One Atom at a Time" referred to below.

    ·Internet feature columns are more effective in a dynamic medium. Two that are in place are Mathcad in the Chemistry Curriculum (edited by Theresa Zielinski) and Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems (edited by William Robinson and Susan Nurrenbern).

    ·Buyers Guides have their content updated often and link to other useful sites. There is one for books and software and another for supplies and equipment. Elements Added to Periodic Table Two new transuranic elements have been added to the list in the Viewpoints article "Chemistry of the Heaviest ElementsOne Atom at a Time" by Darleane C. Hoffman and Diana M. Lee (JCE, 1999, 76, 331). The new elements have atomic numbers 118 and 116. The path to the discovery of these elements was predicted by Robert Smolanczuk, a young Polish theorist whose calculations led him to conclude that a lead-krypton collision technique could produce element 118, which then decays to element 116. Others questioned his results, but Hoffman invited him to join the team at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a decision was made to try out his ideas. The result was almost complete verification of Smolanczuk's calculations. The experimental team was headed by Kenneth E. Gregorich; Darleane Hoffman is one of 15 codiscoverers of element 118. Aw

  4. News & Announcements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2001-08-01

    News from Journal House

    National Chemistry Week (NCW)

    National Chemistry Week Celebrating Chemistry and Art is the theme of NCW 2001, to be held November 4-10, 2001. As you make plans for participating in the celebrations in your area, keep in mind that JCE is developing special materials on this theme, which will appear in our October issue: Classroom Activities, a comprehensive Illustrated Resource Paper, Report from Online, specially written brief articles illustrated in color, articles related to the theme, and CLIPs (Chemical Laboratory Information Profiles).

    Awards Announced

    Passer Award

    Passer Award recipients from the April 1 closing date are:
    • George Bennett, Millikin University, Decatur, IL
    • Daniel Berger, Bluffton College, Bluffton, OH
    • Karen Dunlap, Sierra College, Rocklin, CA
    • Myung-Hoon Kim, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA
    • Cheryl Longfellow, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA
    • Jerry Maas, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, IL
    • Tim Royappa, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL

    Visiting Scientist Award, Western Connecticut Section

    Diane Bunce, The Catholic University of America, has been selected as the 2001 Visiting Scientist of the Western Connecticut Section of the ACS. The award, presented annually since 1967, brings an outstanding chemical educator to visit high schools in Fairfield County, CT. In May, Bunce visited three high schools, Christian Heritage School, Fairfield High School, and Greenwich High School, where she interacted with teachers and students and presented lectures and demonstrations to several chemistry classes. She was also keynote speaker at the ACS local section's Education Night. The awardee is selected by a committee of university and high school teachers, industrial chemists, and the previous Visiting Scientist; there is an honorarium of 1500 plus expenses.

    Welch Award

    Roger D. Kornberg, a professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, received the 2001 Welch Award for his discovery of the nucleosome and establishing its role in gene regulation; for his discovery of a giant complex of 20 proteins known as the "Mediator", which regulates the transcription process; and for determining the atomic structure of RNA polymerase II. The 300,000 award salutes Kornberg's lifetime contributions to biochemistry.

    NSTA Teacher Awards

    During its 2001 national convention the National Science Teachers Association presented prizes and awards to teachers for their exemplary teaching practices and commitment to quality science education. Many appear below.
    Distinguished Service to Science Education Award
    • JoAnne Vasquez, Science Consultant, Gilbert, AZ
    • Richard F. Duncan, Beaverton Administrative Center, Beaverton, OR
    • Mitchell E. Batoff, New Jersey City University, Jersey City, NJ
    Distinguished Informal Science Education Award
    • Al Stenstrup, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI
    Ciba Specialty Chemicals Education Foundation Exemplary Science Teaching Award, High School Level
    • Gerald Friday, Marquette High School, Milwaukee, WI
    Gustav Ohaus Innovations in Science Teaching, High School
    • Mark Stefanski, Marin Academy, San Rafael, CA (first place)
    • James A. Szoka, Clarke County Hi

    • News & Announcements

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      2000-01-01

      News from Journal House

      Guidelines for Submission The Journal's current Guide to Submissions can be found on pages 29-30 of this issue. They have been streamlined a bit and also include a handy check list. This information is also available on JCE Online at http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/Journal/Authors/. Wanted: Demo Checkers The Tested Demonstrations column needs people who like to try out demos. Column editor Ed Vitz is looking for additional volunteers to serve as "checkers" for manuscripts that have been submitted to the Journal for possible publication as Tested Demonstrations. A checker is expected to perform two functions: to review the manuscript for accuracy and novelty, and to attempt to perform the demonstration according to the procedure supplied by the author. Checkers may suggest important improvements in demonstration procedures, and for their efforts they are cited in the byline when the manuscript is published. For instance, the demo showing the yellow cascading precipitates (lead iodide) made from potassium iodide and lead nitrate was submitted by Wobbe de Vos and checked by Kim Kostka. The (yellow) cascading precipitates are from "Using Large Glass Cylinders To Demonstrate Chemical Reactions" that appeared in the April 1999 issue of JCE. We prefer that checkers begin the review process (which may in some cases involve procuring supplies) very soon after being contacted so that their review can be completed in the timely manner that authors deserve. Checkers are usually teachers who routinely present lecture demonstrations in their classes in either high school or colleges. We try not to call on checkers more often than once a year, which is one of the reasons for this request. Another is that we lose many highly valued, experienced checkers to retirement or other endeavors. Prospective checkers may want to look at a copy of the JCE Tested Demonstration Evaluation Form. It can be found on the Web at http://www.kutztown.edu/ vitz/TD/TDhome.html. This site also has links to JCE guidelines for prospective authors. Volunteers should contact Vitz by the medium of their preference: Ed Vitz, Editor, Tested Demonstrations, Journal of Chemical Education, Department of Chemistry, Kutztown University, Kutztown, PA 19530; phone: 610/683-4443; fax: 610/683-1352; email: vitz@kutztown.edu.

      Awards Announced

      ACS Regional Awards in High School Chemistry Teaching The American Chemical Society has announced winners of regional awards in high school chemistry teaching for 1999. Winners have demonstrated excellence in teaching, exceptional ability to challenge and inspire students, extracurricular work, and willingness to keep up to date in the field. The award consists of two certificates (one for the recipient, the other for display at the recipient's school) and a cash prize of 1,000.
      • Thomas W. Adams, Indiana Academy for Science, Mathematics & Humanities at Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana: Central Region
      • Arthur J. Crumm, Barstow School, Kansas City, Missouri: Midwest Region
      • Esther H. Freeman, Tabb High School, Yorktown, Virginia: Southeast Region
      • Joan A. Laredo-Liddell, St. Barnabas High School, Bronx, New York: Middle Atlantic Region, 1998
      • David T. Lee, Mountain Lakes High School, Mountain Lakes, New Jersey: Middle Atlantic Region, 1999
      • Diane Coley McGann, Santa Ana High School, Santa Ana, California: Western Region
      • William J. Pilotte, Newington High School, Newington, Connecticut: Northeast Region
      • Judith C. Seydel, Idaho Falls High School, Idaho Falls, Idaho: Northwest Region
      • Brenda A. Wolpa, Canyon Del Oro High School, Tucson, Arizona: Southwest/Rocky Mountain Region
      NSF Distinguished Public Service Award As a part of its celebration in 2000 of its half-century in existence, the National Science Foundation has announced the recipient of its Distinguished Public Service Aw

    • Bad News: How the Press Covers (or Doesn't Cover) Hispanics.

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Heller, Michele A.

      1992-01-01

      Analyzes newspaper coverage of Hispanics during a seven-day period in Los Angeles, San Antonio, New York, Chicago, and Washington, D.C. Discusses media bias. Rates stories "positive" or "negative" in business, culture, crime, public issues, and people. Discusses elements affecting Hispanic coverage, including newspapers' readerships, staffs, and…

    • Will They Report It? Ethical Attitude of Graduate Software Engineers in Reporting Bad News

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Sajeev, A. S. M.; Crnkovic, Ivica

      2012-01-01

      Hiding critical information has resulted in disastrous failures of some major software projects. This paper investigates, using a subset of Keil's test, how graduates (70% of them with work experience) from different cultural backgrounds who are enrolled in a postgraduate course on global software development would handle negative information that…

    • Parental risk management in relation to offspring defence: bad news for kids.

      PubMed

      Mahr, Katharina; Riegler, Georg; Hoi, Herbert

      2015-01-01

      Do parents defend their offspring whenever necessary, and do self-sacrificing parents really exist? Studies recognized that parent defence is dynamic, mainly depending on the threat predators pose. In this context, parental risk management should consider the threat to themselves and to their offspring. Consequently, the observed defence should be a composite of both risk components. Surprisingly, no study so far has determined the influence of these two threat components on parental decision rules. In a field experiment, we investigated parental risk taking in relation to the threat posed to themselves and their offspring. To disentangle the two threat components, we examined defence behaviours of parent blue tits Cyanistes caeruleus towards three different predators and during different nestling developmental stages. Nest defence strategies in terms of alarm call intensity and nearest predator approach differed between the three predators. Defence intensity was only partly explained by threat level. Most importantly, parental risk management varied in relation to their own, but not offspring risk. Parent defence investment was independent of nestling risk when parents followed a high-risk strategy. However, parents considered nestling as well as parental risk when following a low-risk strategy. Our findings could have general implications for the economy of risk management and decision-making strategies in living beings, including humans. PMID:25392467

    • GCM (general circulation model)-data intercomparison: The good news and the bad

      SciTech Connect

      Grotch, S.L.

      1990-09-01

      General circulation models (GCMs) are being actively used to assess possible climate change due to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. Because such simulations provide detailed climatic predictions at a wide range of scales, they are of particular interest to those making regional assessments of climatic change. It is especially important that workers using the results of such simulations be aware of some of the limitations of these results. In this study some of the positive results from these model simulations will be shown and some of the deficiencies will also be highlighted. Following an introductory section describing the nature of GCM climate simulations the issue of the spatial scales of such simulations is examined. A comparison of the results of seven GCM simulations of the current climate and the predictions of these models for the changes due to a doubling of CO{sub 2} will be discussed. In these intercomparisons, the spatial scale over which the results are compared varies from global to zonal (longitudinally averaged at a given latitude) to individual slices through the data along specified latitudes or longitudes. Finally, the dangers and pitfalls of relying on simple averages will be highlighted. 19 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

    • Adapting to Bad News: Lessons from the Harlem Parole Reentry Court

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Hamilton, Zachary K.

      2011-01-01

      The reentry court model was created to address the risks and needs of offenders returning to the community during the period immediately following release. While there is growing interest in reentry courts, research to date has been limited. This study utilized a quasi-experimental design, comparing reentry court participants with traditional…

    • News & Announcements

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      2000-02-01

      News from Journal House

      Journal Ambassadors, 1999 What do the people listed below have in common? A search of our records indicates that each has been a participant in our Journal Ambassador program during 1999.
      • Guy Anderson
      • Jim Becvar
      • Jerry Bell
      • Jim Birk
      • Diane Bunce
      • Ann Cartwright
      • Thomas Clark
      • Jane Crosby
      • Maria Dean
      • Art Ellis
      • Donald Elswick
      • Tommy Franklin
      • Babu George
      • Paul Heath
      • Angela Hoffman
      • Lynn Hogue
      • J. J. Lagowski
      • Frank Lambert
      • Dorothy Lehmkuhl
      • George Lelevre
      • Scott Luaders
      • Jane McMullen
      • Marci Merritt
      • Carl Minnier
      • Richard Narske
      • Ron Perkins
      • Gabriel Pinto
      • Dick Potts
      • Herb Retcofsky
      • Jerry Sarquis
      • Elke Schoffers
      • Sara Selfe
      • Uni Susskind
      • J. Mark Tolman
      • John Varine
      • Dawn Wakeley
      • Marla White
      Those who are a part of this program take materials about the Journal to workshops, outreach programs, seminars, regional meetings, award nights, short courses, and other events at home and abroad, places where people who are interested in chemical education gather. Given about three weeks notice, we can outfit you with a variety of materials that will help others get tuned in to the good things that are happening in chemical education. We can send you an assortment of Journal issues, subscription forms, our Publications/Software Catalog, reprints from the Viewpoints series, copies of Classroom Activities, or JCE Gift Award Certificates, assuming that supplies are available. Of course we can arrange for the group to have temporary access to JCE Online. We can send you a brochure about the Ambassador program or answer any questions - just ask: email to jce@chem.wisc.edu; phone 1-800-991-5534 (U.S.) or 608-262-5153 (non-U.S.); fax 608-265-8094. If by chance you were a Journal Ambassador in 1999 but your name was not included, just let us know so that you can be recognized in a future column. Gift Subscription Awards As spring, the season of awards, approaches, we remind you of our handy Gift Certificates (a replica is shown on page 142). A gift of the Journal is not only affordable (gift subscriptions are 37/year (U.S.), 50/year (non-U.S.), but has lasting value. This is a really good way to help someone just starting out on a teaching career. An idea worth sharing comes from Carl Minnier of Essex Community College in Baltimore. He is chair of the Student Awards Committee of the Maryland Section of the ACS. This section has asked for 25 certificates because they honor annually an outstanding student from each of the two-year and four-year colleges within the territory of the Maryland Section. Want another interesting idea: give a one-year subscription to each Undergraduate Research Symposium participant. Classroom Activities for Outreach Many of our readers are involved with outreach programsindividually in their child's class, in a regional group that visits schools, in a van program, or as a demonstrator at their local science museum. Many readers have enthusiastically reported that our Classroom Activities series is a great resource for such programs. Since the Activities are designed for a high school classroom or lab (Activity 24 in this continuing series can be found in this issue), they are purposely not demanding of equipment, facilities, or time. But outreach activities often take place in very restricted environments, perhaps without sinks or electricity, sometimes with limited table space. So that we can provide timely advice in recommending activities for you to take "on the road", Nancy Gettys and Erica Jacobsen of the Journal staff have done an analysis of each, recommending whether it might be done

    • News & Events - Team Science Toolkit

      Cancer.gov

      Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health www.cancer.gov Home About Team Science About the Toolkit Discover Contribute Connect News & Events About Us News & Events Add an item Login required News and events, funding opportunities,

    • Linking Financial Market Dynamics and the Impact of News

      NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

      Nacher, J. C.; Ochiai, T.

      2011-09-01

      In financial markets, he behavior of investors determines the prices of financial products. However, these investors can also be influenced by good and bad news. Here, we present a mathematical model to reproduce the price dynamics in real financial markets affected by news. The model has both positive and negative feed-back mechanisms. Furthermore, the behavior of the model is examined by considering two different types of noise. Our results show that the dynamic balance of positive and negative feed-back mechanisms with the noise effect determines the asset price movement. For comparison with real market, we have used the Forex data corresponding to the time period of the recent Tohoku-Kanto earthquake in Japan.

    • Comparative study of 64Cu/NOTA-[D-Tyr6,?Ala11,Thi13,Nle14]BBN(6-14) monomer and dimers for prostate cancer PET imaging

      PubMed Central

      2012-01-01

      Background Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors [GRPR] are highly over-expressed in multiple cancers and have been studied as a diagnostic target. Multimeric gastrin-releasing peptides are expected to have enhanced tumor uptake and affinity for GRPR. In this study, a 64Cu-labeled 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid [NOTA]-monomer and two NOTA-dimers of [D-Tyr6,?Ala11, Thi13, Nle14]bombesin(6-14) ] [BBN(6-14)] were compared. Methods Monomeric and dimeric peptides were synthesized on solid phase support and radiolabeled with 64Cu. NOTA-dimer 1 consists of asymmetrically linked BBN(6-14), while NOTA-dimer 2 has similar spacer between the two BBN(6-14) ligands and the chelator. In vitro GRPR-binding affinities were determined with competitive binding assays on PC3 human prostate cancer cells. In vivo stability and biodistribution of radiolabeled compounds were assessed in Balb/c mice. Cellular uptake and efflux were measured with radiolabeled NOTA-monomer and NOTA-dimer 2 on PC3 cells for up to 4 h. In vivo biodistribution kinetics were measured in PC3 tumor-bearing Balb/c nude mice by ?-positron emission tomography [?PET] imaging and confirmed by dissection and counting. Results NOTA-monomer, NOTA-dimers 1 and 2 were prepared with purity of 99%. The inhibition constants of the three BBN peptides were comparable and in the low nanomolar range. All 64Cu-labeled peptides were stable up to 24 h in mouse plasma and 1 h in vivo. 64Cu/NOTA-dimer 2 featuring a longer spacer between the two BBN(6-14) ligands is a more potent GRPR-targeting probe than 64Cu/NOTA-dimer 1. PC3 tumor uptake profiles are slightly different for 64Cu/NOTA-monomer and 64Cu/NOTA-dimer 2; the monomeric BBN-peptide tracer exhibited higher tumor uptake during the first 0.5 h and a fast renal clearance resulting in higher tumor-to-muscle ratio when compared to 64Cu/NOTA-dimer 2. The latter exhibited higher tumor-to-blood ratio and was retained longer at the tumor site when compared to 64Cu/NOTA-monomer. Lower ratios of tumor-to-blood and tumor-to-muscle in blocking experiments showed GRPR-dependant tumor uptake for both tracers. Conclusion Both 64Cu/NOTA-monomer and 64Cu/NOTA-dimer 2 are suitable for detecting GRPR-positive prostate cancer in vivo by PET. Tumor retention was improved in vivo with 64Cu/NOTA-dimer 2 by applying polyvalency effect and/or statistical rebinding. PMID:22333272

    • Space and Earth Sciences News Your daily source for the latest space and earth sciences news

      E-print Network

      Nahar, Sultana Nurun

      Space and Earth Sciences News :: Astronomers r... http://www.news-about-space.org/astronomy-news/... 1 SciencesNews. Space and Earth Sciences News :: Astronomers r... http://www.news-about-space.org/astronomy-news/... Space and Earth Sciences News Your daily source for the latest space and earth sciences news Home

    • Radiation Hormesis: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

      PubMed Central

      Luckey, T.D.

      2006-01-01

      Three aspects of hormesis with low doses of ionizing radiation are presented: the good, the bad, and the ugly. The good is acceptance by France, Japan, and China of the thousands of studies showing stimulation and/or benefit, with no harm, from low dose irradiation. This includes thousands of people who live in good health with high background radiation. The bad is the nonacceptance of radiation hormesis by the U. S. and most other governments; their linear no threshold (LNT) concept promulgates fear of all radiation and produces laws which have no basis in mammalian physiology. The LNT concept leads to poor health, unreasonable medicine and oppressed industries. The ugly is decades of deception by medical and radiation committees which refuse to consider valid evidence of radiation hormesis in cancer, other diseases, and health. Specific examples are provided for the good, the bad, and the ugly in radiation hormesis. PMID:18648595

    • Neutrinos, WMAP, and BBN

      E-print Network

      Lawrence M. Krauss; Cecilia Lunardini; Christel Smith

      2010-11-18

      New data from WMAP have appeared, related to both the fractional energy density in relativistic species at decoupling and also the primordial helium abundance, at the same time as other independent observational estimates suggest a higher value of the latter than previously estimated. All the data are consistent with the possibility that the effective number of relativistic species in the radiation gas at the time of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis may exceed the value of 3, as expected from a CP-symmetric population of the known neutrino species. Here we explore the possibility that new neutrino physics accounts for such an excess. We explore different realizations, including neutrino asymmetry and new neutrino species, as well as their combination, and describe how existing constraints on neutrino physics would need to be relaxed as a result of the new data, as well as possible experimental tests of these possibilities.

    • Bad trip due to anticholinergic effect of cannabis.

      PubMed

      Mangot, Ajish G

      2013-01-01

      Cannabis in its various forms has been known since time immemorial, the use of which has been rising steadily in India. 'Bad trips' have been documented after cannabis use, manifestations ranging from vague anxiety and fear to profoundly disturbing states of terror and psychosis. Cannabis is known to affect various neurotransmitters, but 'bad trip' due to its anticholinergic effect has never been described in literature to the best of author's knowledge. Hereby, the author describes a case of a young adult male experiencing profound anticholinergic effects after being exposed for the first time in his life to bhang, a local oral preparation of cannabis. PMID:23906840

    • With News Search Engines

      ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

      Gunn, Holly

      2005-01-01

      Although there are many news search engines on the Web, finding the news items one wants can be challenging. Choosing appropriate search terms is one of the biggest challenges. Unless one has seen the article that one is seeking, it is often difficult to select words that were used in the headline or text of the article. The limited archives of…

    • 26 CFR 301.6511(d)-1 - Overpayment of income tax on account of bad debts, worthless securities, etc.

      Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

      2010-04-01

      ... Overpayment of income tax on account of bad debts, worthless securities, etc. 301... Overpayment of income tax on account of bad debts, worthless securities, etc. ...overpayment caused by the deductibility of a bad debt under section 166 or section...

  1. 78 FR 35091 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BAD INFLUENCE; Invitation for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-11

    ...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BAD INFLUENCE; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BAD INFLUENCE is: INTENDED COMMERCIAL USE OF VESSEL: ``6...

  2. 26 CFR 1.593-7 - Establishment and treatment of reserves for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... true Establishment and treatment of reserves for bad debts. 1.593-7 Section...593-7 Establishment and treatment of reserves for bad debts. (a) Establishment of reserves —(1) In general. A taxpayer...

  3. 26 CFR 1.593-7 - Establishment and treatment of reserves for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... true Establishment and treatment of reserves for bad debts. 1.593-7 Section...593-7 Establishment and treatment of reserves for bad debts. (a) Establishment of reserves —(1) In general. A taxpayer...

  4. Curiosity Is Not Good--But It's Not Bad, Either

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, David

    2012-01-01

    Curiosity is vital quality of the creative work. However, in the classroom, educators seem to view curiosity as alternately amoral, virtuous, or dangerous. Education's stance towards curiosity is, in a word, curious. Conversely, the author says, curiosity is inherently amoral--neither good nor bad--and the subject is ripe for an exploration of the…

  5. Bad Science and Its Social Implications: Historical Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeidler, Dana L.; Sadler, Troy D.

    This paper inquires into the topic of bad science and its social implications by examining selected issues aimed at elucidating some of the brute facts of scientific progress. It should be noted that the paper is also situated in at least 3 of the 10 overarching thematic strands that form the basis of the societal studies standards: cultural…

  6. Color me bad: microbial pigments as virulence factors

    E-print Network

    Nizet, Victor

    Color me bad: microbial pigments as virulence factors George Y. Liu1 and Victor Nizet2 1 Division is the distinctive color of their colonies when propagated in the clinical laboratory. Such pigmentation comes in microbial pigment biochemistry and the genetic basis of pigment production have sometimes revealed a more

  7. Global Biodiversity Change: The Bad, the Good, and

    E-print Network

    Pereira, Henrique Miguel

    Global Biodiversity Change: The Bad, the Good, and the Unknown Henrique Miguel Pereira, Laetitia Abstract Global biodiversity change is one of the most pressing environmental is- sues of our time. Here, we review current scientific knowledge on global biodiversity change and identify the main knowledge

  8. Breaking Bad Habits | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePLUS

    ... And they're developing strategies to help us change. "Habits play an important role in our health," says ... to easily form or readily suppress habits.Bad habits may be hard to change, but it can be done. Enlist the help ...

  9. Undoing Bad Upbringing through Contemplation: An Aristotelian Reconstruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristjánsson, Kristján

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to reconstruct two counter-intuitive Aristotelian theses--about contemplation as the culmination of the good life and about the impossibility of undoing bad upbringing--to bring them into line with current empirical research, as well as with the essentials of an overall Aristotelian approach to moral education. I start…

  10. Office of Evaluation and Testing If the weather is bad...

    E-print Network

    Sun, Yi

    Office of Evaluation and Testing If the weather is bad... Don't risk it If the weather conditions or to make other arrangements For steps to schedule or reschedule your test click here>>. Check for weather related closings If inclement weather makes it necessary to close the College, announcements will be made

  11. An Exploratory Study on 99mTc-RGD-BBN Peptide Scintimammography in the Assessment of Breast Malignant Lesions Compared to 99mTc-3P4-RGD2

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Qianqian; Ma, Qingjie; Chen, Minglong; Chen, Bin; Wen, Qiang; Jia, Bing; Wang, Fan; Sun, Butong; Gao, Shi

    2015-01-01

    Purpose This study aimed to explore the diagnostic performance of single photon emission computed tomography / computerized tomography (SPECT/CT) using a new radiotracer 99mTc-RGD-BBN for breast malignant tumor compared with 99mTc-3P4-RGD2. Methods 6 female patients with breast malignant tumors diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology biopsy (FNAB) who were scheduled to undergo surgery were included in the study. 99mTc-3P4-RGD2 and 99mTc-RGD-BBN were performed with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) at 1 hour after intravenous injection of 299 ± 30 MBq and 293 ± 32 MBq of radiotracers respectively at separate day. The results were evaluated by the Tumor to non-Tumor ratios (T/NT). 99mTc-RGD-BBN and 99mTc-3P4-RGD2 SPECT/CT images were interpreted independently by 3 experienced nuclear medicine physicians using a 3-point scale system. All of the samples were analyzed immunohistochemically to evaluate the integrin ?v?3 and gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) expression. The safety, biodistribution and radiation dosimetry of 99mTc-RGD-BBN were also evaluated in the healthy volunteers. Results No serious adverse events were reported in any of the patients during the study. The effective radiation dose entirely conformed to the relevant standards. A total of 6 palpable malignant lesions were detected using 99mTc-RGD-BBN SPECT/CT with clear uptake. All malignant lesions were also detected using 99mTc-3P4-RGD2 SPECT/CT. The results showed that five malignant lesions were with clear uptake and the other one with barely an uptake. 4 malignant cases were found with both ?v?3 and GRPR expression, 1 case with only GRPR positive expression (integrin ?v?3 negative) and 1 case with only integrin ?v?3 positive expression (GRPR negative). Conclusion 99mTc-RGD-BBN is a safe agent for detecting breast cancer. 99mTc-RGD-BBN may have the potential to make up for the deficiency of 99mTc-3P4-RGD2 in the detection of breast cancer with only GRPR positive expression (integrin ?v?3 negative). The preliminary application of 99mTc-RGD-BBN has demonstrated its powerful potential in breast cancer diagnosis and therapy. PMID:25849333

  12. 19 CFR 125.34 - Countersigning of documents and notation of bad order or discrepancy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Countersigning of documents and notation of bad order or discrepancy. 125.34 Section...Countersigning of documents and notation of bad order or discrepancy. When a cartman...space provided and shall note thereon any bad order or discrepancy. When...

  13. 26 CFR 1.593-5 - Addition to reserves for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 true Addition to reserves for bad debts. 1.593-5 Section 1.593-5...1.593-5 Addition to reserves for bad debts. (a) Amount of addition...for a reasonable addition to a reserve for bad debts. In the case of a thrift...

  14. Detecting Bad Mouthing Behavior in Reputation Systems Kuan-Ta Chen (Chun-Yang Chen)1

    E-print Network

    Huang, Polly

    Detecting Bad Mouthing Behavior in Reputation Systems Kuan-Ta Chen (Chun-Yang Chen)1 , Cheng, illegal, or deceitful purpose [4] - Unfairly low ratings ­ bad mouthing - Unfairly high ratings ­ ballot stuffing · Only can vote negatively (game bot) This study focuses on bad-mouthing attacks Problem

  15. 26 CFR 1.593-1 - Additions to reserve for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2009-04-01 true Additions to reserve for bad debts. 1.593-1 Section...Etc. § 1.593-1 Additions to reserve for bad debts. (a) In general...in part, deduct amounts credited to a reserve for bad debts in the manner...

  16. 26 CFR 1.593-1 - Additions to reserve for bad debts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 2010-04-01 true Additions to reserve for bad debts. 1.593-1 Section...Etc. § 1.593-1 Additions to reserve for bad debts. (a) In general...in part, deduct amounts credited to a reserve for bad debts in the manner...

  17. The good, the bad and the bubbly. Micro bubble behavior under ultrasound.

    E-print Network

    Greenaway, Alan

    The good, the bad and the bubbly. Micro bubble behavior under ultrasound. Michael Conneely Division of Physics The good, the bad and the bubbly. Micro bubble behavior under ultrasound. PaLS Open Day 2013 #12 and diagnostic clinical modalities; namely targeted drug delivery and molecular imaging. The good, the bad

  18. VERY GOOD AND VERY BAD FIELD GENERATORS PIERRETTE CASSOU-NOGU`ES AND DANIEL DAIGLE

    E-print Network

    Daigle, Daniel

    VERY GOOD AND VERY BAD FIELD GENERATORS PIERRETTE CASSOU-NOGU`ES AND DANIEL DAIGLE Abstract. Let k ). If G can be chosen in k[X, Y ], we call F a good field generator; otherwise, F is a bad field generator and studies the notions of "very good" and "very bad" field generators. We give theoretical results as well

  19. Seismological Research Letters Volume 82, Number 5 September/October 2011 623 Bad Assumptions or Bad Luck: Why Earthquake

    E-print Network

    Liu, Mian

    or Bad Luck: Why Earthquake Hazard Maps Need Objective Testing During World War II, future Nobel Prize when developing earthquake hazard maps, which ideally describe the level of earthquake hazards occurred in an area shown by the Japanese national earthquake hazard map as one of relatively low hazard

  20. Meta-analysis of the Alpha/Beta Ratio for Prostate Cancer in the Presence of an Overall Time Factor: Bad News, Good News, or No News?

    SciTech Connect

    Vogelius, Ivan R.; Bentzen, Soren M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To present a novel method for meta-analysis of the fractionation sensitivity of tumors as applied to prostate cancer in the presence of an overall time factor. Methods and Materials: A systematic search for radiation dose-fractionation trials in prostate cancer was performed using PubMed and by manual search. Published trials comparing standard fractionated external beam radiation therapy with alternative fractionation were eligible. For each trial the {alpha}/{beta} ratio and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were extracted, and the data were synthesized with each study weighted by the inverse variance. An overall time factor was included in the analysis, and its influence on {alpha}/{beta} was investigated. Results: Five studies involving 1965 patients were included in the meta-analysis of {alpha}/{beta}. The synthesized {alpha}/{beta} assuming no effect of overall treatment time was -0.07 Gy (95% CI -0.73-0.59), which was increased to 0.47 Gy (95% CI -0.55-1.50) if a single highly weighted study was excluded. In a separate analysis, 2 studies based on 10,808 patients in total allowed extraction of a synthesized estimate of a time factor of 0.31 Gy/d (95% CI 0.20-0.42). The time factor increased the {alpha}/{beta} estimate to 0.58 Gy (95% CI -0.53-1.69)/1.93 Gy (95% CI -0.27-4.14) with/without the heavily weighted study. An analysis of the uncertainty of the {alpha}/{beta} estimate showed a loss of information when the hypofractionated arm was underdosed compared with the normo-fractionated arm. Conclusions: The current external beam fractionation studies are consistent with a very low {alpha}/{beta} ratio for prostate cancer, although the CIs include {alpha}/{beta} ratios up to 4.14 Gy in the presence of a time factor. Details of the dose fractionation in the 2 trial arms have critical influence on the information that can be extracted from a study. Studies with unfortunate designs will supply little or no information about {alpha}/{beta} regardless of the number of subjects enrolled.

  1. Belly Fat Is Bad, Even At a Normal Weight

    MedlinePLUS

    ... overweight are not created equal with regard to health risk, and that central obesity is the most concerning ... with BMI to identify patients at greater cardiovascular risk is a good start, it is not ... Body Weight Recent Health News Related ...

  2. Understanding Health News

    MedlinePLUS

    ... For example, a 2010 news story reported that dark chocolate may help guard against brain injury after ... participants similar to you in ways that may matter, such as age, race, or gender? 7. Was ...

  3. Water Power Program News

    SciTech Connect

    2012-01-19

    News stories about conventional hydropower and marine and hydrokinetic technologies from the U.S. Department of Energy, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the Wind and Water Power Program, and other federal agencies.

  4. News & Events Event Calendar

    E-print Network

    Papalambros, Panos

    News & Events Event Calendar ARC Annual Conference Research Seminars Press Room Event Archives ARC dummies are used routinely to evaluate the safety of vehicles and the performance of restraint systems

  5. National Cancer Institute News

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Cancer Training Diversity Training Programs Other Fellowships and Internships Program Contacts About Center for Cancer Training (CCT) ... Cancer Training (Extramural) Diversity Training Programs Other Fellowships & Internships Training Program Contacts News & Events Press Releases Resources ...

  6. Biofantasies: genetics and medicine in the print news media.

    PubMed

    Petersen, A

    2001-04-01

    The contemporary news media is an important site for exploring the diverse and complex cultural images of genetics and its medical possibilities, and of the mechanisms by which these images are (re) produced and sustained. This article investigates how the print news media 'frames' stories on genetics and medicine. It is based on a discourse analysis of articles appearing in three Australian newspapers in the late 1990s. Gene stories were found to be prominent in each of the newspapers, and to emphasise the medical benefits of genetic research. Stories frequently cite and quote scientists, who explain the nature and significance of the research and/or its implications for treatment or prevention. Many stories focus on new genetic discoveries, and portray genetic researchers as involved in a quest to unlock nature's secrets. Stories of hope, and depictions of geneticists as warriors or heroes, appear regularly. The positive vision of genetics is supported by the use of particular metaphors, accompanying illustrative material, 'human interest' stories, and reference to credible sources. There is rarely mention of the influence of non-genetic factors and 'multifactorial' interactions on disorders, or questioning of the goals, direction, methods, or value of genetic research. Scientists made extensive use of the media in their efforts to maintain a positive image of research in the face of public concerns about scientists 'going too far', following the announcement of the cloning of Dolly. Boundaries were drawn between 'therapeutic cloning'--implicitly defined as 'good', useful, and legitimate--and 'reproductive cloning'--seen as 'bad', dangerous, and illegitimate. By framing news stories as they do, the print news media are likely to exert a powerful influence on public responses to health problems. With new genetic technologies becoming more integrated in preventive medicine and public health, it is important to investigate how news stories help shape the agenda for public debate. PMID:11281408

  7. Quantum mechanism helps agents combat with "bad" social choice rules

    E-print Network

    Wu, Haoyang

    2010-01-01

    Quantum strategies have been successfully applied in game theory for years. However, as a reverse problem of game theory, the theory of mechanism design is ignored by physicists. In this paper, we generalize the classical theory of mechanism design to a quantum domain. The main result is that by virtue of quantum mechanism, agents who satisfy a certain condition can combat with "bad" social choice rules instead of being restricted by the traditional mechanism design theory.

  8. When it can be good to feel bad and bad to feel good: Exploring asymmetries in workplace emotional outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Lindebaum, Dirk; Jordan, Peter J

    2014-01-01

    Within the field of Management and Organizational Studies, we have noted a tendency for researchers to explore symmetrical relationships between so-called positive discrete emotions or emotion-infused concepts and positive outcomes, and negative emotions or emotion-infused concepts and negative outcomes, respectively. In this Special Issue, we seek to problematize this assumption (without aiming to entirely discard it) by creating space for researchers to study what we term asymmetrical relationships. In particular, we explore the topic of when it can be good to feel bad and bad to feel good. The articles presented in this forum demonstrate both theoretically and empirically that appreciating these asymmetrical relationships holds considerable promise for enhanced understanding of a range of management and organizational phenomena, ranging from leadership and followership to emotional labor and dirty work. These unique theoretical and empirical insights have important relevance for organizational practice. PMID:25418996

  9. EE Times Home > News and Analysis News & Analysis

    E-print Network

    Danon, Yaron

    EE Times Home > News and Analysis News & Analysis Page 1 of 2RPI claims battery-fueled, room-temp fusion 3/21/2011http://www.eetimes.com/electronics-news/4058654/RPI-claims-battery Times Asia EE Times-China EE Times-India EE Times Europe EE Times Japan EE Times Korea EE Times Taiwan

  10. Pigeons can discriminate "good" and "bad" paintings by children.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Shigeru

    2010-01-01

    Humans have the unique ability to create art, but non-human animals may be able to discriminate "good" art from "bad" art. In this study, I investigated whether pigeons could be trained to discriminate between paintings that had been judged by humans as either "bad" or "good". To do this, adult human observers first classified several children's paintings as either "good" (beautiful) or "bad" (ugly). Using operant conditioning procedures, pigeons were then reinforced for pecking at "good" paintings. After the pigeons learned the discrimination task, they were presented with novel pictures of both "good" and "bad" children's paintings to test whether they had successfully learned to discriminate between these two stimulus categories. The results showed that pigeons could discriminate novel "good" and "bad" paintings. Then, to determine which cues the subjects used for the discrimination, I conducted tests of the stimuli when the paintings were of reduced size or grayscale. In addition, I tested their ability to discriminate when the painting stimuli were mosaic and partial occluded. The pigeons maintained discrimination performance when the paintings were reduced in size. However, discrimination performance decreased when stimuli were presented as grayscale images or when a mosaic effect was applied to the original stimuli in order to disrupt spatial frequency. Thus, the pigeons used both color and pattern cues for their discrimination. The partial occlusion did not disrupt the discriminative behavior suggesting that the pigeons did not attend to particular parts, namely upper, lower, left or right half, of the paintings. These results suggest that the pigeons are capable of learning the concept of a stimulus class that humans name "good" pictures. The second experiment showed that pigeons learned to discriminate watercolor paintings from pastel paintings. The subjects showed generalization to novel paintings. Then, as the first experiment, size reduction test, grayscale test, mosaic processing test and partial occlusion test were carried out. The results suggest that the pigeons used both color and pattern cues for the discrimination and show that non-human animals, such as pigeons, can be trained to discriminate abstract visual stimuli, such as pictures and may also have the ability to learn the concept of "beauty" as defined by humans. PMID:19533184

  11. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Highlights important 1983 news stories reported in Science News. Stories are categorized under: anthropology/paleontology; behavior; biology; chemistry; earth sciences; energy; environment; medicine; physics; science and society; space sciences and astronomy; and technology and computers. (JN)

  12. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Highlights major science news stories of 1982 reported in "Science News." Categories include space/astronomy, biology, chemistry, medicine, energy, physics, anthropology/paleontology, earth sciences, technology, behavior, science/society, and the environment. (JN)

  13. Science News of the Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Presented is a review of important science news stories reported in Science News during 1976. Most items include a volume and page number reference to the issue of Science News in which the article appeared. Items are grouped under general major headings such as: space, astronomy, medicine, chemistry, etc. (SL)

  14. News Items - Team Science Toolkit

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health www.cancer.gov Home About Team Science About the Toolkit Discover Contribute Connect News & Events About Us News & Events Add News Item Login required NIH SciTS 2015 Conference Registration

  15. Filtering for Medical News Items.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watters, Carolyn; Zheng, Wanhong; Milios, Evangelos

    2002-01-01

    Describes recent work to provide a filtering service for readers interested in medically related news articles from online news sources. The first task is to filter out nonmedical news items; the remaining articles are then assigned MeSH headings for context and then further categorized by intended audience level. (Author/LRW)

  16. Television News and Political Socialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkin, Charles K.; Gantz, Walter

    1978-01-01

    Elementary school children frequently watch child-oriented news segments on Saturday morning television, and they occasionally view network newscasts. News viewing is mildly associated with political knowledge and public affairs interest for older children, but younger viewers learn little. Parent/child discussions of news are also related to…

  17. Political News and Political Consciousness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schertges, Claudia

    2007-01-01

    This article deals with mass media in modern democratic societies, using the example of Israeli news reports in German television (TV) news. Central to this interest are processes of mediating politics: political socialisation and education; that is to say, empowering citizens via TV news to participate in democratic processes. The article…

  18. The Sources of Radio News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitney, D. Charles

    To examine the production of programing material in a radio newsroom, a study was undertaken of the sources presented to the newsroom, of sources within the sources, of sources actively sought by the news staff, of degrees of processing of news items, and of the sources comprising the news output. Information in each of these areas was collected…

  19. 4/27/12 nsf.gov -National Science Foundation (NSF) News -Can Nature's Beauty Lift Citizens From Poverty?... 1/3www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=124002&org=NSF&from=news

    E-print Network

    Poverty?... 1/3www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=124002&org=NSF&from=news NSF Web Site News News News Science Foundation (NSF) News - Can Nature's Beauty Lift Citizens From Poverty?... 2/3www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp

  20. AIDS, conflict and the media in Africa: risks in reporting bad data badly

    PubMed Central

    Lowicki-Zucca, Massimo; Spiegel, Paul; Ciantia, Filippo

    2005-01-01

    Background Conflict, poverty and HIV disproportionately affect people in sub-Saharan Africa. The manner in which governments, national and international organisations and the media report on the HIV epidemic in situations of conflict, post-conflict and reconstruction can have unintended and negative consequences for those affected populations. The media in particular has a huge influence on how the world observes and reacts to the HIV epidemic among conflict-affected and displaced populations. Discussion Three case studies focused on Sudan, Uganda and Guinea describe what the media reported and why the reports were incomplete, misleading or incorrect. The exploration of possible ways to ensure that the media do not unwittingly inflame delicate and complicated situations of HIV among conflict-affected and displaced populations is then undertaken using epidemiological and journalistic principles. The discussion is divided into four sections: 1) Avoid stigmatising statements and ensure a balanced view; 2) Avoid accurate but misleading statements; 3) Avoid inaccurate statements by clearly stating sources and verifying their credibility; and 4) Do not repeat data and conclusions from other news sources without checking their accuracy. The aim of this manuscript is to stimulate awareness and debate among persons and organisations working on HIV/AIDS as well as the media in order to improve dialogue and ultimately to reduce stigma and discrimination amongst an already vulnerable group – conflict-affected and displaced persons. Summary The media and humanitarian organisations have published misleading and inaccurate HIV data and statements on conflict-affected and displaced populations in Sudan, Uganda and Guinea. Given the unique characteristics of the HIV epidemic and conflict-affected and displaced populations, the media have a special obligation to report in a balanced and non-discriminatory manner that may go beyond the accepted standards of journalism. The media may wish to have the HIV data and their interpretation reviewed by technical experts before going to press. Specific training for reporters and editors regarding ethical issues and basic epidemiological methods may help them to better understand the complexity of the situation and report more accurately; similar training for media watch groups and human rights organisations may improve the monitoring of such situations and possibly reduce misreporting and subsequent discrimination. More rigorous HIV biological and behavioural surveillance should be undertaken in situations of conflict and displacement and humanitarian guidelines should be integrated with guidance on media relations and reporting responsibilities of humanitarian agencies. Finally, humanitarian agencies must ensure the data they release are sound and that any biases are clearly stated. Improved communication with the media will help to ensure more accurate reporting and interpretation. PMID:16351723

  1. PNRS: personalized news retrieval system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dimitrova, Nevenka; Elenbaas, Herman; McGee, Thomas

    1999-08-01

    Personal News Retrieval System is a client-server application that delivers news segments on demand in a variety of information networks. At the server side, the news stories are segmented out from the digitized TV broadcast then classified and filtered based on consumers' preferences. At the client side, the user can access the preferred video news through the Web and watch stored video news in preferred order. Browsing preferences can be set based on anchorperson, broadcaster, category, location, top- stories and keywords. This system can be used to set up a news service run by content providers or independent media distribution companies. However, in the news era of enhanced PC/TV appliances, it is foreseeable that the whole system can run in the living room on a personal device. This paper describes the chosen server architecture, limitation of the system and solutions that can be implemented in the future.

  2. E News: Report highlights

    SciTech Connect

    1995-01-01

    Three technologies are highlighted in this issue: a rooftop ice storage system for small commercial loads; chlorofluorocarbon-free electric chillers and their expected market; and the FlashBake oven, a commercial-sized oven that uses high intensity quartz lamps to cook food quickly. Regular columns on Member News and Work in Progress are included.

  3. Geoff Brumfiel NATURE | NEWS

    E-print Network

    Geoff Brumfiel NATURE | NEWS Laser lab shifts focus to warheads US ignition facility will devote,000 pellets a minute (see Nature 483, 133­134; 2012). But unexpected The NIF's lasers blast a tiny pellet in the pellet. "Nature pushes back: that's my shorthand version of what's going on," Byer says. Nature isn

  4. News and Events | Resources

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Cancer Diagnosis Program (CDP) is routinely involved in events and activities in support of its mission. Here you will find information on recent news, events and links to background information about CDP and its efforts.

  5. NewsWire, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrom, Elizabeth, Ed.; Bingham, Margaret, Ed.; Bowman, Gloria, Ed.; Shoemaker, Dan, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This document presents the 3 2002 issues of the newsletter "NewsWire," (volume 5). Issue Number One focuses on collaborative Web projects. This issue begins with descriptions of four individual projects: "iEARN"; "Operation RubyThroat"; "Follow the Polar Huskies!"; and "Log in Your Animal Roadkill!" Features that follow include: "Bringing the…

  6. FREE NEWS SERVICES Newsletters

    E-print Network

    Rogers, John A.

    Week IT TRAINING · TrainingWeb ITWEB EVENTS · Events Calendar FEEDBACK · Post your feedback · Send us a news tip Science. He said the large display screens combine the scale and durability of light-emitting diodes that technology and use it in a non-billboard format." Rogers said current technology using inorganic materials

  7. News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Milliot, Jim; Bing, Jonathan

    1998-01-01

    Reviews library news for 1997. Highlights public library budgets, examined by number of patrons served; Internet filters and censorship; librarians and the media; private and government funding sources; outsourcing; expectations for growth in the publishing industry, emphasizing the Asian economic crisis; and new ideas from the next generation of…

  8. Parent News Offline, 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Anne S., Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This document is comprised of the two issues in volume 5 of "Parent News Offline," a publication of the National Parent Information Network (NPIN) designed to introduced those without Internet Access to the activities and information available through NPIN. The Spring 2003 issue contains the following articles: (1) "Summer Academic Programs" (Anne…

  9. Using VOA News Items.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiaoqiong, Hu

    1997-01-01

    The Voice of America English broadcasts have become a very convenient and accessible resource for Chinese students to learn English in China. Discusses one third-year listening course for English majors where VOA news items have been used and have proved very effective in developing students' listening skills. (Author/VWL)

  10. News and Events

    Cancer.gov

    The National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Biorepositories and Biospecimen Research Branch (BBRB) is routinely involved in events and activities to support biospecimen best practices and harmonization of biospecimen efforts. Here you will find information on recent news, events and links to background information about BBRB and its efforts.

  11. NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics

    E-print Network

    Weeks, Eric R.

    NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics Diverging views on glass transition Gregory B. mc.mckenna@ttu.edu T he glass transition is one of the most intriguing phenomena in the world of soft condensed matter. Despite decades of study, many aspects of the behaviour of glass-forming liquids remain elusive

  12. Smart Start News, 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Monica, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    Smart Start is a comprehensive public-private initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and ready to succeed, and provides children from birth to age five access to high-quality and affordable child care, health care, and other critical services. This document comprises the first two issues of "Smart Start News," a…

  13. NEWS AND VIEWS PERSPECTIVE

    E-print Network

    Pfrender, Michael

    NEWS AND VIEWS PERSPECTIVE Conservation in a cup of water: estimating biodiversity and population- diversity hotspots'; and (iii) for assessing biosecurity risk, `an ounce of prevention equals a pound of biodiversity. Keywords: biodiversity assessment, biosecurity, eDNA, invasive species, natural resource

  14. News Editing. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westley, Bruce H.

    A revision of the first edition of "News Editing," this is a textbook for the newspaper editor. The duties of the editor are detailed, as are those of other newspaper employees. Among the basic editing skills the author includes suggestions for sentence structure, word usage, and vocabulary. Examples are given of editing for objectivity, handling…

  15. NEWS & COMMENT Relatednessandconflictoveroptimal

    E-print Network

    NEWS & COMMENT Relatednessandconflictoveroptimal groupsize Many animals live in groups during all others form semi- permanent breeding colonies. The selec- tive factors promoting group living have been or part of their lives. Some species forage primarily in groups, often on a transient basis, whereas

  16. Reversing one's fortune by pushing away bad luck.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yan; Risen, Jane L; Hosey, Christine

    2014-06-01

    Across cultures, people try to "undo" bad luck with superstitious rituals such as knocking on wood, spitting, or throwing salt. We suggest that these rituals reduce the perceived likelihood of anticipated negative outcomes because they involve avoidant actions that exert force away from one's representation of self, which simulates the experience of pushing away bad luck. Five experiments test this hypothesis by having participants tempt fate and then engage in avoidant actions that are either superstitious (Experiment 1, knocking on wood) or nonsuperstitious (Experiments 2-5, throwing a ball). We find that participants who knock down (away from themselves) or throw a ball think that a jinxed negative outcome is less likely than participants who knock up (toward themselves) or hold a ball. Experiments 3 and 4 provide evidence that after tempting fate, engaging in an avoidant action leads to less clear mental representations for the jinxed event, which, in turn, leads to lower perceived likelihoods. Finally, we demonstrate that engaging in an avoidant action-rather than creating physical distance-is critical for reversing the perceived effect of the jinx. Although superstitions are often culturally defined, the underlying psychological processes that give rise to them may be shared across cultures. PMID:23937176

  17. Precarious Employment, Bad Jobs, Labor Unions, and Early Retirement

    PubMed Central

    Warren, John R.; Sweeney, Megan M.; Hauser, Robert M.; Ho, Jeong-Hwa

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. We examined the extent to which involuntary job loss, exposure to “bad jobs,” and labor union membership across the life course are associated with the risk of early retirement. Methods. Using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, a large (N = 8,609) sample of men and women who graduated from high school in 1957, we estimated discrete-time event history models for the transition to first retirement through age 65. We estimated models separately for men and women. Results. We found that experience of involuntary job loss and exposure to bad jobs are associated with a lower risk of retiring before age 65, whereas labor union membership is associated with a higher likelihood of early retirement. These relationships are stronger for men than for women and are mediated to some extent by pre-retirement differences in pension eligibility, wealth, job characteristics, and health. Discussion. Results provide some support for hypotheses derived from theories of cumulative stratification, suggesting that earlier employment experiences should influence retirement outcomes indirectly through later-life characteristics. However, midlife employment experiences remain associated with earlier retirement, net of more temporally proximate correlates, highlighting the need for further theorization and empirical evaluation of the mechanisms through which increasingly common employment experiences influence the age at which older Americans retire. PMID:21310772

  18. ACOUSTICAL STANDARDS NEWS.

    PubMed

    Blaeser, Susan B; Struck, Christopher J

    2015-11-01

    American National Standards (ANSI Standards) developed by Accredited Standards Committees S1, S2, S3, S3/SC 1, and S12 in the areas of acoustics, mechanical vibration and shock, bioacoustics, animal bioacoustics, and noise, respectively, are published by the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). In addition to these standards, ASA publishes a catalog of Acoustical American National Standards. To receive a copy of the latest Standards catalog, please contact Susan B. Blaeser.Comments are welcomed on all material in Acoustical Standards News.This Acoustical Standards News section in JASA, as well as the National Catalog of Acoustical Standards and other information on the Standards Program of the Acoustical Society of America, are available via the ASA home page: http://acousticalsociety.org. PMID:26627807

  19. January/February 1998 Almonds -Good and Bad Viruses Problematic Prunes and Bees

    E-print Network

    Ishida, Yuko

    January/February 1998 Almonds - Good and Bad Viruses Problematic Prunes and Bees ABF Queen Symposium Essential Oils, Again Easyloader Sweet Corn and Bees Honey Board Active Bee School Almonds - Good and Bad Apparently, the 1997 almond crop broke the record for total weight produced in California -around

  20. Reconsiderations: We Got the Wrong Gal--Rethinking the "Bad" Academic Writing of Judith Butler

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birkenstein, Cathy

    2010-01-01

    It is hard to think of a writer whose work has been more prominently upheld as an example of bad academic writing than the philosopher and literary theorist Judith Butler. In 1998, Butler was awarded first prize in the annual Bad Writing Contest established by the journal "Philosophy and Literature," and early in 1999, was lampooned in an…

  1. Tackling Resistance: Turn What Could Be a Very Bad Day into a Very Good Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jay, Annemarie B.

    2009-01-01

    The time-honored children's story "Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day" is a prime example of someone having the kind of day people would like to avoid. Having a bad day can happen to anyone--even a dedicated literacy coach. An important component of coaching is building collaborative working relationships between the coach…

  2. Vision in Bad Weather Shree K. Nayar and Srinivasa G. Narasimhan

    E-print Network

    Nayar, Shree K.

    Vision in Bad Weather Shree K. Nayar and Srinivasa G. Narasimhan Department of Computer Science vision systems are designed to perform in clear weather. Needless to say, in any outdoor application, there is no escape from "bad" weather. Ultimately, computer vi- sion systems must include mechanisms that enable them

  3. Dealing with the news media

    SciTech Connect

    Varenchik, R.

    1994-12-31

    Credibility and a good image have tremendous value to a company. The news media can help build that credibility and good image, or can totally destroy it. The author discusses ways that any manager working today in the hazardous waste industry can educate news media reporters on the work companies are doing. The news media reporters will make different demands on companies, and they also vary in the amount of information they require and how they want it presented.

  4. Neo-Latin News 

    E-print Network

    Craig Kallendorf, et al

    2004-01-01

    ?Wilhelmus Frederici, Johannes Canter, Lambert Vrylinck, Onne van Ewsum, Anton Vrye, Arnold von Bevelen, Alexander Hegius, Johannes Oostendorp, and Rudolf van Langen (5)?Vrye and von Langen appear in Agricola?s correspondence as Aduard?s sodales (9). The idea... to Agricola?s brother Johannes and one probable letter to another brother, Henricus. From all of the letters, both the personality and learning of Agricola emerge. Of particular interest is the 138 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS correspondence between Agricola...

  5. Contact: Releasing the news

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pinotti, Roberto

    The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.

  6. [Bacteriological profile of bacteremias in badly burnt patients].

    PubMed

    Lamia, Thabet; Kamel, Bouselmi; Saida, Ben Redjeb; Allah, Messadi Amen

    2005-10-01

    The purpose of this work is to study the bacteriological profiles of germ responsible for bacteriemas / septicemias in badly burnt patients hospitalized in burns utis, in order to guide better the antibiotherapy of first intention. During the period of survey going from January 1st, 2001 to December 31st,2002 71 patients had one or several episodes of bateremia. The average burnt cutaneous surface was 48.7%. All collected bacteriemas were contacted in hospial. Empirical antbiotheray was effective in 30 patients. The hospital stay for this group was long: 45 to 86 days. Acinetobacter baumannii was the most incriminated germ(20.3%), followed klebsiella pneumoniea (12.7%). The frequency of resistance was variable according to the considered species. PMID:16370208

  7. Pluto behaving badly: false beliefs and their consequences.

    PubMed

    Berkowitz, Shari R; Laney, Cara; Morris, Erin K; Garry, Maryanne; Loftus, Elizabeth F

    2008-01-01

    We exposed college students to suggestive materials in order to lead them to believe that, as children, they had a negative experience at Disneyland involving the Pluto character. A sizable minority of subjects developed a false belief or memory that Pluto had uncomfortably licked their ear. Suggestions about a positive experience with Pluto led to even greater acceptance of a lovable ear-licking episode. False beliefs and memories had repercussions; those seduced by the bad suggestions were not willing to pay as much for a Pluto souvenir. These findings are among the first to demonstrate that false beliefs can have repercussions for people, meaning that they can influence their later thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors. PMID:19105582

  8. Planet Classification: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tyson, Neil

    2009-05-01

    Jewitt and Lu's (1993) discovery of the Kuiper belt of icy bodies orbiting beyond Neptune forced many to reconsider Pluto's time-honored classification as a bona fide planet. The American Museum of Natural History in New York brought this shifting paradigm to the public in 2000 with a suite of new exhibits that explicitly grouped Pluto with this growing number of newly discovered Kuiper belt objects. And in 2006, the IAU voted on a definition for the word Planet that formally excludes Pluto, invoking the modified term Dwarf Planet to describe it. Here we make the case that the word Planet is, today, only marginally useful, and that the contents of the solar system is in bad need of a lexicon that reflects the extraordinary base of scientific knowledge gleaned about them over the past forty years.

  9. Protoporphyrin IX: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.

    PubMed

    Sachar, Madhav; Anderson, Karl E; Ma, Xiaochao

    2016-02-01

    Protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) is ubiquitously present in all living cells in small amounts as a precursor of heme. PPIX has some biologic functions of its own, and PPIX-based strategies have been used for cancer diagnosis and treatment (the good). PPIX serves as the substrate for ferrochelatase, the final enzyme in heme biosynthesis, and its homeostasis is tightly regulated during heme synthesis. Accumulation of PPIX in human porphyrias can cause skin photosensitivity, biliary stones, hepatobiliary damage, and even liver failure (the bad and the ugly). In this work, we review the mechanisms that are associated with the broad aspects of PPIX. Because PPIX is a hydrophobic molecule, its disposition is by hepatic rather than renal excretion. Large amounts of PPIX are toxic to the liver and can cause cholestatic liver injury. Application of PPIX in cancer diagnosis and treatment is based on its photodynamic effects. PMID:26588930

  10. 32 CFR 887.7 - Persons separated under other than honorable conditions (undesirable or bad conduct) or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...separated under other than honorable conditions (undesirable or bad conduct) or dishonorable discharge. 887.7 Section 887...separated under other than honorable conditions (undesirable or bad conduct) or dishonorable discharge. Those persons...

  11. Home / News / Ten Faculty Chosen As Willett Scholars CURRENT NEWS

    E-print Network

    Kim, Harrison

    Home / News / Ten Faculty Chosen As Willett Scholars CURRENT NEWS NEWSLETTER SOCIAL MEDIA as Willett Scholars 3/4/2015 The College of Engineering has announced that ten faculty members have been named Donald Biggar Willett Scholars for 2015: Daniel Bodony (AE), Yann Chemla (Physics), Deming Chen

  12. Chemical News Via Audio Tapes: Chemical Industry News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanford, W. E.; And Others

    1972-01-01

    Tape coverage of internal R&D news now has a broader scope with improved features. A new tape series covering external news of broad interest has been initiated. The use of tape in a Continuing Education Program is discussed as the future plans for expanding the audio tape program. (1 reference) (Author)

  13. Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Copper-64 Radiolabeled [DUPA-6-Ahx-(NODAGA)-5-Ava-BBN(7-14)NH2], a Novel Bivalent Targeting Vector Having Affinity for Two Distinct Biomarkers (GRPr/PSMA) of Prostate Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Bandari, Rajendra Prasad; Jiang, Zongrun; Reynolds, Tamila Stott; Bernskoetter, Nicole E.; Szczodroski, Ashley F.; Bassuner, Kurt J.; Kirkpatrick, Daniel L.; Rold, Tammy L.; Sieckman, Gary L.; Hoffman, Timothy J.; Connors, James P.; Smith, Charles J.

    2014-01-01

    Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPr) and prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) are two identifying biomarkers expressed in very high numbers on prostate cancer cells and could serve as a useful tool for molecular targeting and diagnosis of disease via positron-emission tomography (PET). The aim of this study was to produce the multipurpose, bivalent [DUPA-6-Ahx-(64Cu-NODAGA)-5-Ava-BBN(7-14)NH2] radioligand for prostate cancer imaging, where DUPA = 2-[3-(1,3-Bis-tertbutoxycarbonylpropyl)-ureido]pentanedioic acid, a small-molecule, PSMA-targeting probe, 6Ahx = 6-aminohexanoic acid, 5-Ava = 5-aminovaleric acid, NODAGA = [2-(4,7-biscarboxymethyl)-1,4,7-(triazonan-1-yl)pentanedioic acid] (a derivative of NOTA (1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid)), and BBN(7-14)NH2 = bombesin or BBN, a GRPr-specific peptide targeting probe. Methods The PSMA/GRPr dual targeting ligand precursor [DUPA-6-Ahx-K-5-Ava-BBN(7-14)NH2], was synthesized by solid-phase and manual peptide synthesis, after which NODAGA was added via manual conjugation to the ?-amine of lysine (K). The new bivalent GRPr/PSMA targeting vector was purified by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), characterized by electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and metallated with 64CuCl2 and natCuCl2. The receptor binding affinity was evaluated in human, prostate, PC-3 (GRPr-positive) and LNCaP (PSMA-positive) cells and the tumor-targeting efficacy determined in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) and athymic nude mice bearing PC-3 and LNCaP tumors. Whole-body maximum intensity microPET/CT images of PC-3/LNCaP tumor-bearing mice were obtained 18 h post-injection (p.i.). Results Competitive binding assays in PC-3 and LNCaP cells indicated high receptor binding affinity for the [DUPA-6-Ahx-(natCu-NODAGA)-5-Ava-BBN(7-14)NH2] conjugate. MicroPET scintigraphy in PC-3/LNCaP tumor-bearing mice indicated that xenografted tumors were visible at 18 h p.i. with collateral, background radiation also being observed in non-target tissue. Conclusions [DUPA-6-Ahx-(64Cu-NODAGA)-5-Ava-BBN(7-14)NH2] targeting vector, as described herein, is the first example of a dual GRPr-/PSMA-targeting radioligand for molecular imaging prostate tumors. Detailed in vitro studies and microPET molecular imaging investigations of [DUPA-6-Ahx-(64Cu-NODAGA)-5-Ava-BBN(7-14)NH2] in tumor-bearing mice indicates that further studies are necessary to optimize uptake and retention of tracer in GRPr- and PSMA-positive tissues. PMID:24508213

  14. 26 CFR 1.381(c)(12)-1 - Recovery of bad debts, prior taxes, or delinquency amounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Recovery of bad debts, prior taxes, or delinquency amounts...1.381(c)(12)-1 Recovery of bad debts, prior taxes, or delinquency amounts...corporation is entitled to the recovery of a bad debt, prior tax, or...

  15. 26 CFR 1.582-1 - Bad debts, losses, and gains with respect to securities held by financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Bad debts, losses, and gains with respect... Banking Institutions § 1.582-1 Bad debts, losses, and gains with respect...held by financial institutions. (a) Bad debt deduction for banks. A bank,...

  16. SPECIAL NEWS Return to Flight

    E-print Network

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    General Business Politics International Entertainment Sports News Archive Video News REDNOVA EXTRAS Red www.pigeonpros.com Bird Control Products Bird barriers, repellents & controlfrom Nixalite. Effective with a red marker, left them alone, or used a clear marker in case smell or some other factor played a role

  17. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Reviews major science news stories of 1988 as reported in the pages of Science News. Covers the areas of anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, earth sciences, environment, food science, mathematics and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (YP)

  18. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Presented is a review of important science news stories of 1989 as reported in the pages of "Science News." Topics include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, environment, food science, math and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (CW)

  19. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Provides a review of science news stories reported in "Science News" during 1987. References each item to the volume and page number in which the subject was addressed. Contains references on astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, earth sciences, environment, mathematics and computers, paleontology and anthropology, physics, science…

  20. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Reviews important science news stories reported during 1984 in "Science News" magazine. These stories are in the categories of: anthropology and paleontology; behavior; biology; chemistry; computers; mathematics; earth science; the environment; medicine; physics; science and society; space sciences and astronomy; and technology. (JN)

  1. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Reviews important science news stories of 1981 as reported in "Science News." Gives a one-sentence summary and volume and page references for each story. Groups items by topic including space and astronomy, archaeology and anthropology, technology, behavior, science and society, energy, environment, and specific science disciplines. (DC)

  2. What Turns Events into News?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tukachinsky, Riva

    2013-01-01

    "The New York Times" is known for its slogan ''All the News That's Fit to Print.'' But how do gatekeepers decide which events meet this criterion? Although some individuals might believe that the news constitutes an undistorted reflection of the social reality, students in communication courses have the…

  3. Humanistic Applications of Network News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonomo, Thomas A.

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that television network news has the capacity to graphically illuminate on-going events which demand sociological explanation. Shows how segments of network news were incorporated into a humanistic sociology course in order to provide students with clear and concise images of social problems. (JDH)

  4. Myth, Method and International News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lule, Jack

    Defining myth as a cultural narrative in symbolic form that articulates a world view and offers consensus with that view, this paper uses a brief "New York Times" report on the Soviet shooting down of South Korean airline flight 007 as the basis for comparison of international news and myth. Following a review of the literature on myth and news,…

  5. News Flow between the Americas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Robert L.; And Others

    As part of an international study of world news flow undertaken by the International Association for Mass Communication Research, a content analysis was conducted of foreign news stories in the largest circulation newspapers in Mexico, Brazil, and Argentina, as well as in six papers in the United States, and of material from the files of "Agence…

  6. News Concreteness and Visual-Verbal Association: Do News Pictures Narrow the Recall Gap between Concrete and Abstract News?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    David, Prabu

    1998-01-01

    Investigates four experiments on whether the addition of a representative picture to a news item improves recall of that item by undergraduate students in journalism courses. Finds that it does; that concrete news items were recalled better than abstract news items; and news concreteness was strongly correlated with various picture attributes,…

  7. Neo-Latin News 

    E-print Network

    Kallendorf, Craig, et. al

    2010-01-01

    -sided as well. Eugenio Garin, for example, wrote that ?Filelfo always proposes to the powerful the same bargain: in exchange for writings in verse or prose, a certain number of zecchini, or florins, or ducats? (?L?opera di Francesco Filelfo,? in Storia di... Milano, vol. 7: L?et? sforzesca dal 1450 al 1500, Milan: Fondazione Treccani degli Alfieri, 1956, 545). Yet a neo-latin news 233 careful reading of Book 4 of the Odes reveals more than a simple hack for hire. The opening pair of poems...

  8. Neo-Latin News 

    E-print Network

    Kallendorf, Craig, et al.

    2007-01-01

    , Texas A&M University) ? ?uvres compl?tes, Tome I: Basiorum liber et Odarum liber. By Jean Second. Ed. and com. by Roland Guillot. Paris: Honor? Champion, 2005. The Basiorum liber of Johannes Secundus is among the most celebrated of all neo- Latin... scholars?indeed, there is material 80 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS enough there for a book-length study of its own?his choice seems injudi- cious for what is meant to be a critical edition of the poetry of Johannes Secundus. Of course, any analysis...

  9. Neo-Latin News 

    E-print Network

    Kallendorf, Craig et al

    2009-01-01

    -Universit?t Bochum in February of 2007. The subject was the Neo-Latin drama of the early modern period. neo-latin news 81 In ??Histrionum exercitus et scommata??Schauspieler, die Sp?che klopfen: Johannes Reuchlins Sergius und die Anf?nge der neulatein...- ischen Kom?die,? Matthias Dall?Asta focuses on Johannes Reuchlin (1455-1522), a man who stands in many ways at the beginning of Neo-Latin comedy in Germany, with a special focus on his Sergius, a play that had an unusually broad reception. Johannes...

  10. Neo-Latin News 

    E-print Network

    Craig Kallendorf, et al

    2006-01-01

    SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS ? La mente di Giordano Bruno. Ed. by Fabrizio Meroi, with an introduc- tory essay by Michele Ciliberto. Istituto Nazionale di Studi sul Rinascimento, Studi e testi, 43. Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2004. XXXVI + 591 pp. 59 euros.... The essays collected in this volume began in a conference held from Novem- ber 10-12, 2000 in Naples, under the sponsorship of the Comitato nazionale per le celebrazioni di Giordano Bruno nel IV centenario della morte, the Istituto Italiano per gli Studi...

  11. A Strategy for Successful Deep Space Information Transmission in Bad Weather

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Swanson, L.; Yuen, J. H.

    1984-01-01

    To retrieve data during bad weather, most missions slow the data rate to accommodate a certain amount of attenuation, or to allow for all but a very small percentage of all-weather conditions. This system has two well-known and balancing disadvantages: no data is received reliably during very bad weather, and the data rate is slowed during good weather. A system of processing is described that encodes the most critical data more heavily, allowing it to be retrieved under bad conditions, while at the same time allowing most of the data to be sent at a higher data rate.

  12. Index to NASA News Releases 1995

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1996-01-01

    This issue of the index to NASA News Releases contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, during 1995. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject index, Personal name index, News release number index, Accession number index, Speeches, and News releases.

  13. 7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture..., TESTING, AND STANDARDS Cotton Classification and Market News Service for Producers Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to be distributed to producers...

  14. The Diffusion of "Shocking" Good News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haroldsen, Edwin O.; Harvey, Kenneth

    1979-01-01

    A study of the diffusion of news about the Mormon Church's approval of Blacks for the priesthood revealed that "shocking" good news can ignite the interpersonal communications system, that news has more credibility when obtained from media than when obtained interpersonally, and that people use mass media to verify news obtained interpersonally.…

  15. MedlinePlus FAQ: News Coverage

    MedlinePLUS

    ... faq/news.html Question: I saw a news article on MedlinePlus but now I can't find ... displays the most recent news. MedlinePlus displays HealthDay articles for 90 days on these pages: the news ...

  16. Scientific Sources' Perception of Network News Accuracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Barbara; Singletary, Michael

    Recent polls seem to indicate that many Americans rely on television as a credible and primary source of news. To test the accuracy of this news, a study examined three networks' newscasts of science news, the attitudes of the science sources toward reporting in their field, and the factors related to accuracy. The Vanderbilt News Archives Index…

  17. Fear of Reporting Bad News: Why Risk and Loss Aversion Can Tempt Top Executives to Create Information Asymmetry 

    E-print Network

    Chakrabarty, Subrata 1979-

    2009-06-24

    Top executives sometimes attempt to create information asymmetry through corporate reporting manipulation. In the United States, one method was not to report financials in certain quarters (this was a legal option before 1970), and a second method...

  18. Enough Bad News! Remote Social Health & Aboriginal Action in a Harsh Environment--Coober Pedy in South Australia's "Outback."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brice, G.; And Others

    This paper focuses on the complexities of health care in Coober Pedy (South Australia) and the nearby Umoona Aboriginal community, and highlights the vital role of Aboriginal health workers in the implementation of primary health care principles. The Aboriginal population in this "outback" area is characterized by considerable economic problems,…

  19. Shielding Self-Esteem through the Adoption of Psychological Disengagement Mechanisms: The Good and the Bad News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tougas, Francine; Lagace, Martine; Laplante, Joelle; Bellehumeur, Christian

    2008-01-01

    The fact that Canada's working population is aging and will continue to do so is no surprise to anyone. What is surprising though is what many of these aging workers are experiencing in the late years of their career: They continue to be the target of negative stereotypes which in turn, reinforce discrimination and marginalization practices. The…

  20. Analyzing traditional and web-based news organizations: a science and technology news comparison of the New York Times and MSNBC News 

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Miao

    2002-01-01

    The news industry is undergoing changes in the digital age. News has already been presented online by traditional and Web-based news organizations. This study examines how traditional and Web-based news organizations differ in agenda setting...

  1. Is gall bladder cancer a bad cancer per se?

    PubMed

    Kapoor, Vinay K

    2015-07-27

    Gall bladder cancer (GBC) has one of the poorest outcomes of all cancers. Early GBC is difficult to diagnose on even computed tomography. GB has no submucosa and the cancer infiltrates directly into the muscularis propria. GB wall is thin and important adjacent organs viz. liver, duodenum and pancreas get easily infiltrated. Tumor in the GB neck often needs extended right hepatectomy. Infiltration of duodenum/pancreas may necessitate pancreato-duodenectomy or even hepato-pancreato-duodenectomy. Mortality of surgical procedures, when performed for GBC, is higher than when performed for other cancers. Survival in GBC, even after R0 resection, is poor. There is no proven role of neo-adjuvant or adjuvant therapy for loco-regionally advanced GBC. There is no role of palliative surgery in metastatic GBC. Early GBC is diagnosed incidentally after cholecystectomy for stones and requires reoperation for completion extended cholecystectomy but unfortunately, most surgeons are not aware of this. GBC has a peculiar epidemiology and is uncommon in the West and has, therefore, not received much attention. Preventive cholecystectomy for asymptomatic stones is not recommended and there is no serum marker for screening. With all factors pitched against it, it does appear that GBC is a bad cancer per se! PMID:26225192

  2. Moving forward on women's gender-related HIV vulnerability: the good news, the bad news and what to do about it.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Geeta Rao; Ogden, Jessica; Warner, Ann

    2011-01-01

    The global response to AIDS has triggered unprecedented attention to gender inequality and the role it plays in shaping the vulnerability of women. Tragically, however, this attention has not yet led to wide-scale transformations in gender roles, or reductions in gender-related risk. This paper reviews both knowledge and action on the impact of gender inequality on women in the context of HIV prevention, and argues that, while much is known, and while effective strategies do exist, impact on a population level will not be achieved unless gender considerations are integrated into an evidence-informed comprehensive national strategy. Such a strategy must be implemented by national governments within an enabling policy and legal environment for change; be driven and owned as much as possible, by communities who are empowered with skills and resources to put their own ideas and capabilities into action; and include people living with HIV as equal partners. PMID:22011135

  3. [Epidemiological news in cannabis].

    PubMed

    Beck, François; Guignard, Romain; Richard, Jean-Baptiste

    2013-12-01

    Cannabis is by far the most common illicit drug in France. Among 15-64 years, 32.1% have already experienced it and 8.4% declare they have used it at least once during the past twelve months. In Europe, France is one of the countries with the highest prevalence. Males are markedly more often cannabis users than females and this gender gap tends to increase with the level of use. During the last two decades, the part of the population having tried cannabis did not stop increasing, under the influence of a generalization of the cannabis experience among young people. However, cannabis last year prevalence is rather stable since 2000. Cannabis lifetime use is very rare at the beginning of middle school (1.5% in sixth grade at age 11) but increases in the following years (11% of the pupils of the eighth grade, 24% of the pupils of the ninth grade). Cannabis use at a younger age is related to subsequent onset of cannabis related problems. Adolescent and young adults from high socioeconomic status (SES) more often try cannabis than young people from lower SES. However, cannabis regular use is associated with bad school results, truancy and early school leaving, and with a lower SES. Young people from high SES indeed dispose of greater sociocultural resources to master and regulate their consumption and are more often conscious of their interest not to be tipped over in problematic use. PMID:24579342

  4. Writing on the Streets: Popular Literature and the Bad Black Hero 

    E-print Network

    Winston, Dennis 1979-

    2012-12-10

    This dissertation examines the various ways in which pop-cultural illustrations of the “bad nigger” figure beginning in the late 1960s helped to shape the kinds of defiant and oppositional practices that define the lives ...

  5. Forest Fires: Answers to 12 Common Questions 1. Is wildfire bad for forests?

    E-print Network

    North, Malcolm

    Forest Fires: Answers to 12 Common Questions 1. Is wildfire bad for forests? No. Some forests need to this fire type. Note live seed trees on the distant ridgeline Even a few live trees after a wildfire can

  6. 42 CFR 413.89 - Bad debts, charity, and courtesy allowances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...PROSPECTIVELY DETERMINED PAYMENT RATES FOR SKILLED NURSING FACILITIES Specific Categories of Costs...year, by 30 percent. (2) Skilled nursing facilities. For cost reporting periods...subsequent fiscal year, the amount of skilled nursing facility bad debts for coinsurance...

  7. Understanding Health News: Complementary Health Approaches In the News

    MedlinePLUS

    ... For example, a 2010 news story reported that dark chocolate may help guard against brain injury after ... participants similar to you in ways that may matter, such as age, race, or gender? 7. Was ...

  8. The weak scale from BBN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hall, Lawrence J.; Pinner, David; Ruderman, Joshua T.

    2014-12-01

    The measured values of the weak scale, v, and the first generation masses, m u, d, e , are simultaneously explained in the multiverse, with all these parameters scanning independently. At the same time, several remarkable coincidences are understood. Small variations in these parameters away from their measured values lead to the instability of hydrogen, the instability of heavy nuclei, and either a hydrogen or a helium dominated universe from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. In the 4d parameter space of ( m u , m d , m e , v), catastrophic boundaries are reached by separately increasing each parameter above its measured value by a factor of (1.4, 1.3, 2.5, ˜ 5), respectively. The fine-tuning problem of the weak scale in the Standard Model is solved: as v is increased beyond the observed value, it is impossible to maintain a significant cosmological hydrogen abundance for any values of m u, d, e that yield both hydrogen and heavy nuclei stability.

  9. FOREICN NEWS CATTLE EGRET MOVEMENTS

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    FOREICN NEWS CATTLE EGRET MOVEMENTS The movements of Cattle Egrets in Amenica are discussed. lt IBISES Cattle Egrets were caught on the edges of suamps and feeding aneas, in mist-nets using white ibis

  10. Microbial Control News - November 2011

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This is the first of a column in the Society for Invertebrate Pathology Newsletter. Entitled "Microbial Control News" this article summarizes regulatory actions in the U.S. and Canada regarding microbial insect pest control agents....

  11. NEWS AND COMMENTARY Conservation genetics...............................................................

    E-print Network

    DeSalle, Rob

    NEWS AND COMMENTARY Conservation genetics............................................................... Genetics at the brink of extinction R De doubt in the minds of conservation geneticists, first raised in the 1980s, that genetic considerations

  12. Increasing Learning from TV News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perloff, Richard M.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Describes an experiment that manipulated two variables, repetition and pausing for viewer "digestion" of information in a news telecast. Concludes that the use of repetition increased viewers' retention of information, but that pauses did not. (FL)

  13. Information extraction from broadcast news 

    E-print Network

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    2000-04-15

    This paper discusses the development of trainable statistical models for extracting content from television and radio news broadcasts. In particular, we concentrate on statistical finite-state models for identifying proper ...

  14. News and Announcements 2015 Archive

    Cancer.gov

    June 29, 2015 Pharmacodynamic Assay Panel for Monitoring Phospho-Signaling Networks CPTAC researchers demonstrate utility of a pharmacodynamic multiplex immuno-MRM assay to study phosphorylated cell signaling networks. « Previous 1 2 Print This Page News

  15. Pm-149 DOTA bombesin analogs for potential radiotherapy. in vivo comparison with Sm-153 and Lu-177 labeled DO3A-amide-betaAla-BBN(7-14)NH(2).

    PubMed

    Hu, Fang; Cutler, Cathy S; Hoffman, Timothy; Sieckman, Gary; Volkert, Wynn A; Jurisson, Silvia S

    2002-05-01

    Promethium-149 (149Pm) is one of only three radiolanthanides that can be prepared in no carrier added concentrations. This high specific activity radiolanthanide is thus suitable for targeting limited numbers of specific receptors found on many tumor cells. Promethium-149 is a moderate energy beta(-) emitter (1.07 MeV (95.9%)) with a half-life of 2.21 days. Pm-149 also emits a low abundance of an imageable gamma ray (286 keV (3%)) that may allow in vivo tracking of the therapeutic dose. The 149Pm and Sm complexes with the DO3A-amide chelator with zero and three carbon spacers to the bombesin peptide analog BBN(7-14)NH(2) were synthesized and characterized. The Sm complexes were synthesized for macroscopic characterization purposes (ESI-MS, in vitro cell binding) since no stable isotopes of Pm are known. The biological properties of the 149Pm, 153Sm and 177Lu-DO3A-amide-betaAla-BBN complexes were compared in normal mouse biodistribution studies. PMID:12031877

  16. 09/10/2009 17:48Why Chimpanzees Make Bad Suicide Bombers : The Primate Diaries Page 1 of 15http://scienceblogs.com/primatediaries/2009/08/why_chimpanzees_make_bad_suici.php

    E-print Network

    Gardner, Andy

    ://scienceblogs.com/primatediaries/2009/08/why_chimpanzees_make_bad_suici.php Now on ScienceBlogs: Friday Weird Science: the Bees://scienceblogs.com/primatediaries/2009/08/why_chimpanzees_make_bad_suici.php Like what's here? Why not donate a buck or two : The Primate Diaries Page 3 of 15http://scienceblogs.com/primatediaries/2009/08/why_chimpanzees_make_bad_suici.php

  17. Interdependence of Bad and Puma during Ionizing-Radiation-Induced Apoptosis

    PubMed Central

    Toruno, Cristhian; Carbonneau, Seth; Stewart, Rodney A.; Jette, Cicely

    2014-01-01

    Ionizing radiation (IR)-induced DNA double-strand breaks trigger an extensive cellular signaling response that involves the coordination of hundreds of proteins to regulate DNA repair, cell cycle arrest and apoptotic pathways. The cellular outcome often depends on the level of DNA damage as well as the particular cell type. Proliferating zebrafish embryonic neurons are highly sensitive to IR-induced apoptosis, and both p53 and its transcriptional target puma are essential mediators of the response. The BH3-only protein Puma has previously been reported to activate mitochondrial apoptosis through direct interaction with the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins Bax and Bak, thus constituting the role of an “activator” BH3-only protein. This distinguishes it from BH3-only proteins like Bad that are thought to indirectly promote apoptosis through binding to anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members, thereby preventing the sequestration of activator BH3-only proteins and allowing them to directly interact with and activate Bax and Bak. We have shown previously that overexpression of the BH3-only protein Bad in zebrafish embryos supports normal embryonic development but greatly sensitizes developing neurons to IR-induced apoptosis. While Bad has previously been shown to play only a minor role in promoting IR-induced apoptosis of T cells in mice, we demonstrate that Bad is essential for robust IR-induced apoptosis in zebrafish embryonic neural tissue. Moreover, we found that both p53 and Puma are required for Bad-mediated radiosensitization in vivo. Our findings show the existence of a hierarchical interdependence between Bad and Puma whereby Bad functions as an essential sensitizer and Puma as an essential activator of IR-induced mitochondrial apoptosis specifically in embryonic neural tissue. PMID:24516599

  18. Variants in KCNJ11 and BAD do not predict response to ketogenic dietary therapies for epilepsy.

    PubMed

    Schoeler, Natasha E; Leu, Costin; White, Jon; Plagnol, Vincent; Ellard, Sian; Matarin, Mar; Yellen, Gary; Thiele, Elizabeth A; Mackay, Mark; McMahon, Jacinta M; Scheffer, Ingrid E; Sander, Josemir W; Cross, J Helen; Sisodiya, Sanjay M

    2015-12-01

    In the absence of specific metabolic disorders, predictors of response to ketogenic dietary therapies (KDT) are unknown. We aimed to determine whether variants in established candidate genes KCNJ11 and BAD influence response to KDT. We sequenced KCNJ11 and BAD in individuals without previously-known glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome or other metabolic disorders, who received KDT for epilepsy. Hospital records were used to obtain demographic and clinical data. Two response phenotypes were used: ?50% seizure reduction and seizure-freedom at 3-month follow-up. Case/control association tests were conducted with KCNJ11 and BAD variants with minor allele frequency (MAF)>0.01, using PLINK. Response to KDT in individuals with variants with MAF<0.01 was evaluated. 303 Individuals had KCNJ11 and 246 individuals had BAD sequencing data and diet response data. Six SNPs in KCNJ11 and two in BAD had MAF>0.01. Eight variants in KCNJ11 and seven in BAD (of which three were previously-unreported) had MAF<0.01. No significant results were obtained from association analyses, with either KDT response phenotype. P-values were similar when accounting for ethnicity using a stratified Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test. There did not seem to be a consistent effect of rare variants on response to KDT, although the cohort size was too small to assess significance. Common variants in KCNJ11 and BAD do not predict response to KDT for epilepsy. We can exclude, with 80% power, association from variants with a MAF of >0.05 and effect size >3. A larger sample size is needed to detect associations from rare variants or those with smaller effect sizes. PMID:26590798

  19. 11/14/12 nsf.gov -National Science Foundation (NSF) News -Climate Change Threatens Giant Pandas' Bamb... 1/3www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=126045&org=NSF&from=news

    E-print Network

    ' Bamb... 1/3www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=126045&org=NSF&from=news Press Release 12211.gov - National Science Foundation (NSF) News - Climate Change Threatens Giant Pandas' Bamb... 2/3www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp

  20. In the News: Current Events Websites.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byerly, Greg; Brodie, Carolyn S.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews Web sites for current events news that are appropriate for students of various ages. Discusses the possibilities for second language learning and curriculum connections and lists television sites, news magazines, classroom magazines, newspapers, and lesson plans. (LRW)

  1. Media Orientation and Television News Viewing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Daniel G.

    1990-01-01

    Uses factor analysis to compare the surveillance role and communication utility of television and newspapers. Finds much variance explained by these two uses. Finds those who seek hard news on television also seek hard news in newspapers. (RS)

  2. Good and Bad Sleep in Childhood: A Questionnaire Survey amongst School Children in Southern Italy

    PubMed Central

    Ficca, Gianluca; Conte, Francesca; De Padova, Vittoria; Zilli, Iole

    2011-01-01

    Despite its clinical importance, the issue of subjective sleep quality in children remains unexplored. Here we investigate, in school-aged children, the prevalence of bad sleep perception and its relationships with sleep habits and daytime functioning, to provide hints on its possible determinants. Subjective sleep perception, sleep habits, and daytime functioning were studied through a questionnaire survey in a sample of 482 children (6–12?yrs.). Being “bad sleeper” was reported by 6.9% of the sample. Compared to the “good sleepers”, these subjects displayed shorter sleep duration on schooldays, longer sleep latencies, and a more pronounced evening preference, beyond more frequent insufficient sleep. Though no differences emerged in sleepiness, bad sleepers showed higher impairments in daytime functioning, indicated by more frequent depressed mood and impulsivity. These distinctive features might be very important to precociously detect those children who are possibly more vulnerable to sleep disturbances and whose sleep-wake rhythms evolution should be paid particular attention thereafter. “The good people sleep much better at night than the bad people.Of course, the bad people enjoy the waking hours much more”Woody Allen PMID:23509633

  3. Making the News: Jobs in TV Journalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Csorny, Lauren

    2009-01-01

    What do TV news workers do each day? For many of them, contributing to daily news broadcasts has changed greatly over the years. This evolution will likely continue for years to come. And more changes to news production are expected, according to Tom Weir, an associate professor at the University of South Carolina's School of Journalism and Mass…

  4. Search UGA News Go Advanced Search

    E-print Network

    Geller, Michael R.

    Search Search UGA News Go Advanced Search Search all UGA Web sites Go UGA News Bureau Top News/340-6021, mgeller@physast.uga.edu May 27, 2004, 8:25 am Email this article Printer friendly page ATHENS, Ga

  5. Network Evening News Coverage of Environmental Risk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Michael R.; And Others

    Focusing on ABC, NBC, and CBS's evening news broadcasts from January 1984 through February 1986, a study examined network news coverage of environmental risk--defined as manmade chemical, biological, and physical agents that create risk in the indoor, outdoor, and occupational environments. Using the Vanderbilt University "Television News Index…

  6. An Economic Theory of News Selection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McManus, John

    Over the years, journalists, social scientists, and government commissions have defined news in a variety of ways, but their definitions consistently lack the notion that, above all, news is a commodity and must sell. Within the journalism profession, and particularly in television news, the potential for conflict between a media corporation's…

  7. Technology: News Readers and Other Handy Utilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Horn, Royal

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses how there are advantages and disadvantages to using an Internet News Reader instead of a Web browser. The major advantage is that one can read the headlines and short summaries of news articles from dozens of sources quickly. Another advantage the author points out to news readers is that one gets a short…

  8. Biodegradation of news inks

    SciTech Connect

    Erhan, S.Z.; Bagby, M.O.

    1995-12-01

    Printing ink vehicles that require no petroleum components were prepared by modifying vegetable oil. Physical properties of inks formulated with these vehicles meet or exceed the industry standards for lithographic and letterpress newsprint applications. Elimination of petroleum-based resin and reduced pigment requirements, due to the light vehicle color, provide a competitively priced alternative to petroleum-based inks of equal quality. These ink vehicles, made exclusively from soybean oil, were subjected to biodegradation, and the results were compared with those obtained with commercial vehicles. Results show that they degrade faster and more completely than commercial hybrid (partial) soy or mineral oil based vehicles. Fermentations were allowed to proceed for 5, 12, and 25 days. Both mono-and mixed cultures of microorganisms commonly found in soil were used. In 25 days, commercial mineral oil based vehicles degraded 17-27%, while commercial hybrid soy oil based vehicles degraded 58-68% and our 100% soy oil based vehicles degrade 82-92%. Similar studies were conducted with commercial news inks consisting of soy or mineral oil with petroleum resins along with the four colored pigments and USDA`s 100% soy oil based ink consisting of modified soybean oil and pigment. Results show that pigment slowed the degradation of ink vehicles; however, neither time nor type of pigment played a significant role. Also these inks were degraded by using {open_quotes}Modified Sturm Test{close_quotes} (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). In this method, test organisms were obtained from activated sludge, and the extent of degradation was determined by measuring carbon dioxide evolution. In all cases USDA`s ink degraded faster and more completely (for all four colors) than either hybrid soy oil based or petroleum based inks.

  9. [Bad tourist behaviors and their environmental impacts on Xixi National Wetland Park in Hangzhou].

    PubMed

    Wang, Guo-Xin; Wang, Ru-Song; Mao, Chun-Hong

    2009-06-01

    By the methods of site investigation, data collection and correlation analysis, the bad tourist behaviors and their environmental impacts on Xixi National Wetland Park in 2006 were studied. The occurrence probabilities of three bad tourist behaviors, i.e., picking, trampling, and littering were 6.5%, 10.3% and 12.6%, respectively. Picking probability was primarily related to the vegetation types along walkways, while the scale of heavy trampling was negatively correlated with tour distance from the entrance. Waste production by each tourist was 782 g x d(-1) on average. The waste from littering amounted for 13.6% of the total. Tourist flow fluctuations of daily, weekly, and monthly perspectives for the study area showed high seasonality and successive days of overloaded tourist flows during peak seasons, which caused an increase of bad tourist behaviors. However, the water quality in the Park was not affected because of the improvement of dredging facilities. PMID:19795654

  10. Phospho-BAD BH3 mimicry protects ? cells and restores functional ? cell mass in diabetes.

    PubMed

    Ljubicic, Sanda; Polak, Klaudia; Fu, Accalia; Wiwczar, Jessica; Szlyk, Benjamin; Chang, Yigang; Alvarez-Perez, Juan C; Bird, Gregory H; Walensky, Loren D; Garcia-Ocaña, Adolfo; Danial, Nika N

    2015-02-01

    Strategies that simultaneously enhance the survival and glucose responsiveness of insulin-producing ? cells will greatly augment ? cell replacement therapies in type 1 diabetes (T1D). We show that genetic and pharmacologic mimetics of the phosphorylated BCL-2 homology 3 (BH3) domain of BAD impart ?-cell-autonomous protective effects in the face of stress stimuli relevant to ? cell demise in T1D. Importantly, these benefits translate into improved engraftment of donor islets in transplanted diabetic mice, increased ? cell viability in islet grafts, restoration of insulin release, and diabetes reversal. Survival of ? cells in this setting is not merely due to the inability of phospho-BAD to suppress prosurvival BCL-2 proteins but requires its activation of the glucose-metabolizing enzyme glucokinase. Thus, BAD phospho-BH3 mimetics may prove useful in the restoration of functional ? cell mass in diabetes. PMID:25640178

  11. BAD overexpression inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis via mitochondrial-dependent pathway in non-small cell lung cancer

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein BAD initiated apoptosis in human cells and has been identified as a prognostic marker in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we aimed to explore the functions of BAD in NSCLC. Methods Overexpression of BAD was performed by transfecting different NSCLC cell lines with wild-type BAD. Cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and invasion were characterized in vitro. Tumorigenicity was analyzed in vivo. Western blot was performed to determine the effects of BAD overexpression on the Bcl-2 family proteins and apoptosis-related proteins. Results Overexpression of BAD significantly inhibited cell proliferation in H1299, H292, and SPC-A1 but not in SK-MES-1 and H460 cell lines in vitro. BAD overexpression also reduced the tumorigenicity of H1299/SPC-A1 cell in vivo. However, no appreciable effects on cell cycle distribution and invasion were observed in all these cell lines. BAD overexpression also induced apoptosis in all cell types, in which process expression of mitochondrial cytochrom c (cyto-c) and caspase 3 were increased, whereas Bcl-xl, Bcl-2, Bax and caspase 8 expressions did not changed. These findings indicated that a mitochondrial pathway, in which process cyto-c was released from mitochondrial to activate caspase 3, was involved in BAD overexpression-mediated apoptosis. Conclusions Our data suggested that increased expression of BAD enhance apoptosis and has negative influence on cell proliferation and tumor growth in NSCLC. Bad is a new potential target for tumor interventions. PMID:23725574

  12. Temporal and Cross Correlations in Business News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizuno, T.; Takei, K.; Ohnishi, T.; Watanabe, T.

    We empirically investigate temporal and cross correlations inthe frequency of news reports on companies, using a dataset of more than 100 million news articles reported in English by around 500 press agencies worldwide for the period 2003--2009. Our first finding is that the frequency of news reports on a company does not follow a Poisson process, but instead exhibits long memory with a positive autocorrelation for longer than one year. The second finding is that there exist significant correlations in the frequency of news across companies. Specifically, on a daily time scale or longer the frequency of news is governed by external dynamics, while on a time scale of minutes it is governed by internal dynamics. These two findings indicate that the frequency of news reports on companies has statistical properties similar to trading volume or price volatility in stock markets, suggesting that the flow of information through company news plays an important role in price dynamics in stock markets.

  13. Are Bad Experiences Stronger than Good Ones in Mentoring Relationships? Evidence from the Protege and Mentor Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eby, Lillian T.; Butts, Marcus M.; Durley, Jaime; Ragins, Belle Rose

    2010-01-01

    Two studies examined the relative importance of good versus bad mentoring experiences in predicting subjective states associated with the mentoring relationship. Study 1 examined the protege perspective and found general support for the proposition that, on average, bad is stronger than good in predicting protege outcomes. Study 2 adopted the…

  14. Big Data -The Good, Bad, and Ugly Generalized Independence Doc Summarization Speech Summarization General Summarization Submodularity and Big Data

    E-print Network

    Noble, William Stafford

    Big Data - The Good, Bad, and Ugly Generalized Independence Doc Summarization Speech Summarization General Summarization Submodularity and Big Data Jeffrey A. Bilmes Professor Departments of Electrical://melodi.ee.washington.edu/~bilmes Friday, May 3rd, 2013 J. Bilmes Submodularity and Big Data page 1 / 64 #12;Big Data - The Good, Bad

  15. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1990

    1990-01-01

    This is a review of important science news stories of 1990 as reported in the pages of this journal. Areas covered include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, computers and math, earth sciences, environment, food science, materials science, paleobiology, physics, science and society, and space sciences. (CW)

  16. yale environmental news spring 2006

    E-print Network

    of Liberty. yale environmental news The Peabody Museum of Natural History, the School of Forestry Torosaurus is cobbled together using many different parts. This graphic, part of the Peabody's exhibit on the making of the statue, shows the range of species referenced in the design and construction

  17. Science News of the Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science News, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Highlights important 1985 science stories appearing in "Science News" under these headings: anthropology and paleontology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, computers and mathematics, earth sciences, environment, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. Each entry includes the volume and page number in…

  18. Science and technology news Nanotechnology

    E-print Network

    Rogers, John A.

    Chemistry Biology Medicine & Health Other Sciences Psychology & Psychiatry Research Medications CancerScience and technology news Home Nanotechnology Physics Space & Earth Electronics Technology as the cover story in the March 24 issue of the journal Science Translational Medicine. The emerging technology

  19. News Release For Immediate Release

    E-print Network

    Knight, Keith

    's Highest Honour NEWS World renowned film director, Deepa Mehta, lung transplant innovator, Dr. Shafique slaves, has restored and preserved the historic Puce River Black Community Cemetery - the burial site of some of this country's earliest black settlers, many of whom travelled the Underground Railroad to find

  20. News and Research Good Bacteria

    E-print Network

    West, Stuart

    News and Research Good Bacteria Part 2 Article 13 Click here for Probiotics Basics Cooperation Is A No-brainer For Symbiotic Bacteria 9-4-2003 Humans may learn cooperation in kindergarten, but what about bacteria, whose behavior is preprogrammed by their DNA? Some legume plants, which rely

  1. Campus Child Care News, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Marion F., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document is comprised of the three 1998 issues of a newsletter disseminating information on the National Coalition for Campus Child Care Centers (NCCCC) and providing a forum for news, research, and information concerning campus child care centers. The February issue contains stories on the White House Conference on Child Care, registration…

  2. Science and technology news Nanotechnology

    E-print Network

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Science and technology news Home Nanotechnology Physics Space & Earth Electronics Technology. The tool, called the nanofountain probe, functions in two different ways. In one mode, the probe acts like The nanofountain probe could be used both as a research tool for developing next-generation cancer treatments

  3. Science and technology news Nanotechnology

    E-print Network

    Rogers, John A.

    Science and technology news Home Nanotechnology Physics Space & Earth Electronics Technology Superconductivity Plasma Physics Soft Matter Quantum Physics Find more articles on GaAs Nature Rogers New - Servicing Illinois for 100 Years Haenig Solar Power Installations - Haenig.CleanPowerPlan.com Scientists

  4. News Release FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    E-print Network

    Acton, Scott

    worked with DARS' Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center in Fishersville to hire several of the center impact on Hershey's recruitment efforts. Rick Sizemore, director of Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation CenterNews Release FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 9, 2014 For more information, contact Cindy S. Roberts Cindy.Roberts

  5. Global Awareness through Video News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonald, Errol

    At Tokai University (Japan), an English-as-a-Second-Language course in global issues through video uses the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's monthly video magazine "News in Review", published eight months a year for use in Canadian English-medium schools. Of the four segments in each magazine, usually two are about Canada or international…

  6. Nunatsiaq News May 14, 2004

    E-print Network

    Hutchings, Jeffrey A.

    Nunatsiaq News May 14, 2004 Ogac Lake's monster cannibal cod Trapped during ice age, huge, hungry," Hutchings says. They ended up in those lakes at the end of the last Ice Age, 5,000 to 8,000 years ago. "When fish eat everything JANE GEORGE If you go ice-fishing this spring, you don't want to end up jigging

  7. Customized News in Your Mailbox.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudich, Joe

    1996-01-01

    Customized Internet services deliver news and selected research via e-mail, fax, Web browser, or their own software. Some are clipping services while others are full-fledged online newspapers. Most charge a monthly subscription fee, but a few are free to registered users. Provides the addresses, cost, scope, and evaluation of eight services. (PEN)

  8. The bad apple effect and social value orientation in public-goods dilemmas: replication and extension of research findings.

    PubMed

    Wu, Song; Sun, Jiaqing; Cai, Wei; Jin, Shenghua

    2014-06-01

    Two studies were conducted to replicate and extend previous findings on the effect of uncooperative behavior on group cooperation (the "bad apple" effect). Study 1 (56 women, 40 men; M age = 23.5 yr.) manipulated information about contributions from the bad apple, controlling for overall contributions to a group account. Study 2 (50 women, 34 men; M age = 20.4 yr.) compared the effects of a bad apple and a good apple on cooperation. The social value orientation of participants was measured to explore individual differences in the bad apple effect. The results revealed a bad apple (a) decreased cooperation among individuals with proself and prosocial orientations in Study 1, and (b) had a greater effect than a good apple on those who were proself compared to prosocial in Study 2. PMID:25074307

  9. NEWS: GIREP in Barcelona

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dobson, Ken

    2000-11-01

    The 18th biannual conference of GIREP was held in Barcelona from 27 August to 1 September 2000. GIREP stands for Groupe International de Recherche sur l'Enseignement de la Physique. Some 400 delegates from 53 countries attended the conference, whose main concern was Physics Teacher Education beyond 2000. All contributions had to made in English. A conference like this needs to be singularly interesting to keep delegates away from the sunsoaked attractions and delights of one of the most exciting cities in the world - even if some of the excitement comes from wondering whether or not you are going to get your pocket picked. A typical conference day begins with two or three plenary lectures in the morning, with the afternoon given over to a set of nine parallel sessions. These sessions consisted of tightly timetabled 20 minute talks or other types of presentation. This meant that even the most dedicated delegate could get to little more than 10% of the over 200 sessions that were on offer in the afternoons. The event was organized by Catalonian locals working at the conference site, the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, and was superbly smooth. The list of organizations supporting the conference is too long to record, but ranged from the European Commission to Barcelona Science Museum. The UK can boast (if that is the right word) just 11 paid-up members of GIREP, which at about £10 per annum is hardly an expensive club - next year it goes up to 20 Euros - and the fee is worth it for the excellently produced book or CD-ROM of the conference proceedings. These contain a great deal of wisdom, plus the fair amount of infuriating rubbish that tends to be generated by educational research. I write here with all the prejudices of an aged ex-teacher, of course. The first morning lecture was given by Jon Ogborn, who used his recent work as organizer of the IoP post-16 Initiative to give some details of the Advancing Physics AS and A2 and make some general points about designing a new curriculum in Physics. His main argument perhaps was that a physics course should be designed as a set of narratives, with beginning, middle, end and a point, rather than as a set of concepts whose meaning was of more significance to the teacher or curriculum designer than to the students. He was followed by Ed Redish of the University of Maryland, another entertaining speaker who addressed the global problem of the decline in the number of students willing to study physics when given a free choice not to do so. His talk was wide ranging, but centred on the apparent fact that physics teaching was essentially unsuccessful - for a variety of reasons. He proposed that this was a problem that could and should be tackled scientifically, with a loop of research-instruction-design. Science is good at solving problems, but so far physics hasn't seen physics teaching and learning as problematic. Maybe physics lecturers are so good at physics that difficulty in learning it is taken to be a student problem (inattention, sheer stupidity) rather than a systemic one. I look forward to hearing more about this. What I did get from one or two lectures about research into the way teachers failed tended to raise my blood pressure to dangerous levels. In both cases considerable skill and effort had been put into finding out that curriculum innovations or new teaching techniques had been badly handled by teachers, who had still kept to their old ways - like using ray boxes in optics work, or failing to make best use of Real Time laboratory systems (i.e. data logging). These new approaches were described as expert-designed innovations. I am afraid that it occurred to me that if experts had been employed to produce a new production system in a factory failure of the workforce to implement it would have resulted in some high-level expert redundancies. Certainly not `more research' as was advocated here. But it wasn't all grief: many talks and lectures were inspiring and showed how many people across the world were working hard and intelligently to improve physics teaching

  10. Culture is Part of Human Biology Why the Superorganic Concept Serves the Human Sciences Badly

    E-print Network

    Richerson, Peter J.

    Culture is Part of Human Biology Why the Superorganic Concept Serves the Human Sciences Badly Peter regions. Since livestock are easy to steal, herders seek reputations for willingness to engage in violent body, ostensibly to work on an psychological task dealing with perception. During the experiment

  11. BEING EMOTIONAL DURING DECISION MAKING--GOOD OR BAD? AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION

    E-print Network

    Barrett, Lisa Feldman

    BEING EMOTIONAL DURING DECISION MAKING--GOOD OR BAD? AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION MYEONG-GU SEO experience and decision-making per- formance. In a stock investment simulation, 101 stock investors rated their feelings on an Internet Web site while making investment decisions each day for 20 consecutive business

  12. Can Wind Turbines be Bad for You? Alec N. Salt, Ph.D.

    E-print Network

    Salt, Alec N.

    Can Wind Turbines be Bad for You? Alec N. Salt, Ph.D. Department of Otolaryngology always been Industrial Machines. Some are beautiful and remind us of days gone by. #12;Modern wind farmsModern wind farms are equally industrialare equally industrial but not so quaintbut not so quaint (unless

  13. Is Materialism All That Bad? Effects on Satisfaction with Material Life, Life Satisfaction, and Economic Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sirgy, M. Joseph; Gurel-Atay, Eda; Webb, Dave; Cicic, Muris; Husic-Mehmedovic, Melika; Ekici, Ahmet; Herrmann, Andreas; Hegazy, Ibrahim; Lee, Dong-Jin; Johar, J. S.

    2013-01-01

    The literature in economic psychology and quality-of-life studies alludes to a negative relationship between materialism and life satisfaction. In contrast, the macroeconomic literature implies a positive relationship between material consumption and economic growth. That is, materialism may be both good and bad. We develop a model that reconciles…

  14. Knowing good from bad: differential activation of human cortical areas by positive and negative outcomes

    E-print Network

    Nieuwenhuis, Sander

    Knowing good from bad: differential activation of human cortical areas by positive and negative outcomes Sander Nieuwenhuis,1 Heleen A. Slagter,2 Niels J. Alting von Geusau,1 Dirk J. Heslenfeld1 and Clay with unfavourable outcomes. In the present research we used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (f

  15. Readers Behaving Badly Reader Revocation in PKI-Based RFID Systems

    E-print Network

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Readers Behaving Badly Reader Revocation in PKI-Based RFID Systems Rishab Nithyanand, Gene Tsudik, CA 92697 Abstract. Recent emergence of RFID tags capable of performing pub- lic key operations motivates new RFID applications, including electronic travel documents, identification cards and payment

  16. Future Directions in the Study of Close Relationships: Conflict Is Bad (Except when It's Not)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laursen, Brett; Hafen, Christopher A.

    2010-01-01

    Beneficial and detrimental correlates of interpersonal disagreement have been postulated and documented. The conclusion: conflict is both bad and good. The evidence for these paradoxical effects is summarized. In this article, we argue that the consequences of conflict for individuals depend on its frequency, the way in which it is managed, and…

  17. The Good, Bad and the Indifferent: Explorations in Recommender System Health

    E-print Network

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    The Good, Bad and the Indifferent: Explorations in Recommender System Health Benjamin J. Keller://www.cs.umn.edu/Research/GroupLens/beyond2005 a threshold) to determine the edges. Mirza et al. use commonality of ratings to define a hammock

  18. The Good, The Bad, and the Ambivalent: A Reconceptualization of Attitudes in Information Systems Research

    E-print Network

    Walden, Eric

    The Good, The Bad, and the Ambivalent: A Reconceptualization of Attitudes in Information Systems of Minnesota. His research focuses on information requirements determination for systems development, consumer of effortful and controlled processes in affect, and psychophysiological indices of affect. His work has

  19. Too much dopamine can be bad for you: I.Addiction

    E-print Network

    Niv, Yael

    Too much dopamine can be bad for you: I.Addiction PSY/NEU338:Animal learning and decision making: Psychological, computational and neural perspectives drug addiction · huge and diverse field of research (many different drugs) · addiction (abuse) = continued making of maladaptive choices even in the face

  20. Bad astronomy : misconceptions and misuses revealed, from astrology to the moon landing "hoax"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plait, Philip C.

    2002-02-01

    Advance praise for Philip Plait s Bad Astronomy "Bad Astronomy is just plain good! Philip Plait clears up every misconception on astronomy and space you never knew you suffered from." --Stephen Maran, Author of Astronomy for Dummies and editor of The Astronomy and Astrophysics Encyclopedia "Thank the cosmos for the bundle of star stuff named Philip Plait, who is the world s leading consumer advocate for quality science in space and on Earth. This important contribution to science will rest firmly on my reference library shelf, ready for easy access the next time an astrologer calls." --Dr. Michael Shermer, Publisher of Skeptic magazine, monthly columnist for Scientific American, and author of The Borderlands of Science "Philip Plait has given us a readable, erudite, informative, useful, and entertaining book. Bad Astronomy is Good Science. Very good science..." --James "The Amazing" Randi, President, James Randi Educational Foundation, and author of An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural "Bad Astronomy is a fun read. Plait is wonderfully witty and educational as he debunks the myths, legends, and 'conspiracies that abound in our society. 'The Truth Is Out There' and it's in this book. I loved it!" --Mike Mullane, Space Shuttle astronaut and author of Do Your Ears Pop in Space?

  1. The Sad, the Mad and the Bad: Co-Existing Discourses of Girlhood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Marion

    2011-01-01

    Three significant, prevailing and overlapping narratives of teenage girls have dominated North American popular consciousness since the early 1990s: the sad girl, victimized by male privilege and misogyny of adolescence and beyond; the mad grrrls who rejected this vulnerability through music and media; and the bad girls of much current popular…

  2. 76 FR 58784 - Bad Boy Enterprises, LLC, Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-22

    ...its first complaint involving sudden acceleration of a Series Buggy in April 2005. 8...aware of at least 10 reports of sudden acceleration Buggies. 10. In May 2008, Bad Boy...developed new software to remedy the sudden acceleration problem exhibited by the SePex...

  3. The Big, Bad Wolf: Resisting Corporate Evil in "Damages" and "State of Play"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Bernard

    2010-01-01

    Two recent popular entertainments, the television series "Damages" and the movie "State of Play", have business organizations and people in the roles of villains. As thrillers, they employ the conventions that allow the audience to identify the good guys and the bad guys. The fact that business is an institutional area that can be so easily…

  4. The Big Bad Wolf and Stereotype and Bias in the Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Julia

    1998-01-01

    Describes a librarian/teacher coplanned fourth-grade unit at Central Elementary School (Indianapolis, Indiana). The lesson focused on wolves and pack behavior and incorporated the tale of the Big Bad Wolf and the Three Little Pigs to teach the media literacy concepts of point of view, message, stereotype, and bias. Sample worksheets are included.…

  5. Peripheral vision: Good for biological motion, bad for signal noise segregation?

    E-print Network

    Hess, Robert F.

    Peripheral vision: Good for biological motion, bad for signal noise segregation? McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, CanadaBenjamin Thompson McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, CanadaBruce C. Hansen McGill Vision

  6. Stress Can Be a Friend: Approaches to Producing Good Stresses That Reduce and Control Bad Stresses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demery, Marie

    Individuals can produce good stresses that will inhibit or eliminate the bad stresses of anxiety, depression, resentment, and hopelessness. This can be accomplished as individuals learn to include in their lifestyles these nine approaches: self-talk, commitment, self-control, challenge, interpersonal relations, time management, relaxation,…

  7. Bad wine makes for good energy Waste from improper fermentation can transform into electricity, hydrogen

    E-print Network

    MSNBC.com Bad wine makes for good energy Waste from improper fermentation can transform fermentation into electricity and hydrogen. The technology could provide a new and cost effective way to clean home and plenty of food, that is. It takes a lot of water to grow, harvest, process and ferment

  8. Measured Approach or Magical Elixir? How to Tell Good Science from Bad

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willingham, Daniel T.

    2012-01-01

    Distinguishing between good and bad science is not easy. Evaluating whether or not a claim really is supported by good research is like buying a car. There is an optimal solution to the problem, which is to read and digest all of the relevant research, but most people do not have time to execute the optimal solution. What they need is a good…

  9. The tale of the bad stepfather: male three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus L. recognize foreign

    E-print Network

    The tale of the bad stepfather: male three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus L. recognize and foreign eggs was investigated in brood-caring male three-spined sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus. Males compilation # 2007 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles Key words: cannibalism; Gasterosteus aculeatus

  10. Logging the Great Lakes Indian Reservations: The Case of the Bad River Band of Ojibwe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steen-Adams, Michelle M.; Langston, Nancy E.; Mladenoff, David J.

    2010-01-01

    The harvest of the Great Lakes primary forest stands (ca. 1860-1925) transformed the region's ecological, cultural, and political landscapes. Although logging affected both Indian and white communities, the Ojibwe experienced the lumber era in ways that differed from many of their white neighbors. When the 125,000-acre Bad River Reservation was…

  11. Social Media is NOT that Bad! The Lexical Quality of Social Media

    E-print Network

    Social Media is NOT that Bad! The Lexical Quality of Social Media Luz Rello Web Research and NLP an estimation of the lexical quality of the main Social Media sites. This pa- per presents an updated and complete analysis of the lexical quality of Social Media written in English and Spanish, in- cluding how

  12. Dealing with bad nodes: challenges and existing mechanisms New decision strategy: reelection

    E-print Network

    Thornton, Mitchell

    Dealing with bad nodes: challenges and existing mechanisms New decision strategy: reelection New decision strategy: suicide New Strategies for Revocation in Ad-Hoc Networks Tyler Moore, Jolyon Clulow on Security and Privacy in Ad-Hoc and Sensor Networks (ESAS) University of Cambridge, England Tyler Moore New

  13. Risky Disclosures on "Facebook": The Effect of Having a Bad Experience on Online Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christofides, Emily; Muise, Amy; Desmarais, Serge

    2012-01-01

    Social network websites are widely used by adolescents, but disclosing in this environment has inherent risks, as does connecting with others online. In a sample of 256 adolescent "Facebook" users, the authors explore the relationship between having a negative experience, privacy knowledge, and behavior. Their reports of bad experiences on…

  14. VOLUNTARY PROVISION OF PUBLIC GOODS FOR BADS: A THEORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL OFFSETS*

    E-print Network

    Kotchen, Matthew J.

    VOLUNTARY PROVISION OF PUBLIC GOODS FOR BADS: A THEORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL OFFSETS* Matthew J. Kotchen This article examines voluntary provision of a public good that is motivated, in part, to compensate for activities that diminish the public good. Markets for environmental offsets, such as those that promote

  15. PENS BEHAVING BADLY USABILITY OF PENS AND GRAPHICS TABLETS FOR TEXT ENTRY WITH CHILDREN

    E-print Network

    PENS BEHAVING BADLY ­ USABILITY OF PENS AND GRAPHICS TABLETS FOR TEXT ENTRY WITH CHILDREN Janet C some of the hardware difficulties that are observed when children use graphics tablets and pens, and this presents usability challenges [1]. 2. POSITION PROBLEMS WITH PENS AND TABLETS Children aged between 7

  16. Keep the Kids Inside: Juvenile Curfews, Bad Weather, and Urban Gun Violence

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Keep the Kids Inside: Juvenile Curfews, Bad Weather, and Urban Gun Violence Jillian B. Carr;Abstract Gun violence is an important problem across the United States. Due to limited data, it has been affected by each intervention to estimate its causal impact on gun violence and reported crime. We find

  17. To Kill a Messenger; Television News and the Real World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Small, William

    From his vantage point as News Director of CBS News in Washington, the author examines the role of television news in our society and gives an insider's view of the day-to-day process of selecting and presenting news. Highlighting the book are in-depth discussions of past and recent news events. The Nixon "Checkers" speech, John Kennedy's fight to…

  18. How to Write News for Broadcast and Print Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dary, David

    This book is a primer on the techniques of news writing and the application of those principles to print and broadcast journalism. Chapters include: "The News Media," which presents a brief history of journalism and the foundations on which it is based; "What Is News?"; "Gathering News," which discusses news beats, reporters' qualifications, and…

  19. Home News Blogs Forums Wiki Members More Current page: News / News

    E-print Network

    Leigh, David A.

    & Phosphating degreasers and surface treatment for metal glass rubber plastic etc www.tecan.com News Nanoscale machines move liquid mountains Controlled by light, transport the equivalent of world machines have moved macroscale objects--droplets of liquid that can even transport up a slope. Researchers

  20. 26 CFR 1.593-2 - Additions to reserve for bad debts where surplus, reserves, and undivided profits equal or exceed...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 true Additions to reserve for bad debts where surplus, reserves, and undivided...1.593-2 Additions to reserve for bad debts where surplus, reserves, and undivided...a reasonable addition to the reserve for bad debts as determined under the...

  1. The Changing Landscape of Science News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riordon, James

    2011-03-01

    Social media are revolutionizing the ways that people communicate and the ways they get their news. Traditional news outlets are in decline, and no subject area is declining faster than science news. Every day there are fewer professional science journalists working in traditional media. On the other hand, ever greater numbers of scientists, science enthusiasts, and online journalists are turning to blogs, podcasts, eBooks, twitter feeds, and social media sites like Facebook and Tumbler to spread news about science. I will present an overview of the state of science journalism and speculate on the likely directions it seems to be heading. I will also offer some general guidelines to help scientists understand what makes a good science news story, as well as suggesting ways that they can get their work in the news.

  2. News and Announcements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-05-01

    Supplementary Materials The number of supplementary materials that accompany print articles has grown and also become more varied. The new guidelines for lab experiments call for supplementary materials in most cases, so that the actual materials used in lab can be made available. The From Past Issues column edited by Kathryn Williams and many of the technology columns frequently have supplements for JCE Online. An especially interesting supplement that we would like to call to the attention of readers is a collection of videos from the E. O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, based on interviews with nuclear chemists who have discovered and studied the heaviest elements. These movies accompany the Viewpoints article, "Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements-One Atom at a Time" by Darleane C. Hoffman and Diana M. Lee. The titles of the movies are listed below; illustrative stills are shown at the bottom of the page. Researchers involved with the segments about Lawrencium include Robert Silva, Torbjorn Sikkeland, Matti Nurmia, Robert Latimer, and Albert Ghiorso, all of whom are from the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. (QuickTime 3 is needed in order to view the videos; it can be downloaded free from http://www.apple.com.)

    • A Brief Note about Plutonium, by Glenn Seaborg
    • Plutonium and Why It Was Kept a Secret
    • The Prediction of the Actinide Series, by Glenn Seaborg
    • First Chemical Separation of Lawrencium at Lawrence Radiation Laboratory in 1970
    • The HILAC or Heavy-Ion Linear Accelerator
    • Discovery of Lawrencium
    • How To Collect Lawrencium Atoms
    • The Discovery of Element 106-Finally
    • The Naming of Element 106
    • The Limits of Discovering the Heavy Elements
    • What Good Is a Heavy Element?
    To see these videos, view the Supplements of http://JChemEd.chem.wisc.edu/Journal/Issues/1999/Mar/abs331.html. People: Glenn Seaborg Glenn Seaborg, frequent contributor and faithful supporter of this Journal, died February 25, 1999, at his home in Lafayette, California, at the age of 86. At the Fall 1998 ACS Meeting in Boston he suffered a serious fall following a stroke, from which he never recovered. One of his last photographs, taken the previous day at a Journal luncheon, appears on page 1360 of the November 1998 issue. His commentary on his long career in chemistry and education appears on page 1520 of the December 1998 issue. Seaborg was a Nobel laureate, discoverer of elements, scientific advisor to presidents, former chancellor of the University of California, former chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, chairman of the steering committee of the CHEM Study project, founder of Lawrence Hall of Science, , the list goes on and on. He was at the same time a passionate supporter of education. Seaborg published fourteen articles in the Journal between 1951 and 1998. He was interviewed in 1975 by David Ridgway as part of the Impact series (JCE 1975, 52, 70), and that interview is highly recommended reading (see supplement to this article). He received the 1994 ACS George C. Pimentel Award in Chemical Education; his award address was published in the ACS Division of Chemical Education's CHED Newsletter, Fall 1995. Memorial articles with details of his life and his scientific contributions have appeared in The New York Times (Saturday, February 27, 1999, page 1) and Chemical & Engineering News (March 8, 1999, page 29). But there is also the spirit of the man, what he believed in, what he tried to do, what he hoped he had accomplished. A sense of that can be gained from the excerpts that are reprinted below, taken first from the Impact interview and then from the award address. Ridgway: On reflection, now, out of your many contributions to chemistry, is there one that you feel has had more of an impact than others? Seaborg: The discovery of plutonium would answer that question. The impact th

  3. News and Announcements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-02-01

    News from Journal House Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Many readers are trying to modify the way they teach and in so doing are trying to write new types of questions and problems. The Journal has a new online resource, the JCE Internet Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Web site, http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCEWWW/Resources/CQandChP/index.html . The site is a source of questions and problems that can be used in teaching and assessing conceptual understanding and problem solving in chemistry. Here you can find a library of free-response and multiple-choice conceptual questions and challenge problems, tips for writing these questions and problems, and a discussion of types of concept questions. This site is intended to be a means of sharing conceptual questions and challenge problems among chemical educators. It will be as inclusive as possible, and to achieve this readers need to share their questions and alert the authors to references or Web sites. The screen captures shown below should provide a feeling for what you will find when you visit the site. The authors, William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, welcome additions to the library of conceptual questions or other comments or suggestions. Contact them by email, fax, or regular mail. William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1393. Bill: phone: 765/494-5453; fax: 765/494-0239; email: wrrobin@purdue.edu. Sue: phone: 765/494-0823; fax: 765/494-0239; email: nurrenbe@purdue.edu. fax: 765/494-0239. 1998 Ford Foundation Fellowships The National Research Council has announced the recipients of the 1998 fellowships for minority scholars. Three categories of fellowships were awarded: 50 to beginning graduate students, 33 to students writing their dissertations, and 28 to recent Ph.D. recipients. There were about 1,000 applicants. For information about the next competition contact the Fellowship Office of the National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, via email at infofell@nas.edu, or at http://fellowships.nas.edu. 1998 Pre-Doctoral Fellows Rafael Alcala, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Chemical Engineering Diego J. Díaz, Cornell University, Analytical Chemistry Kanya Lynn Henderson, Colorado State University, Biochemistry Félix Mario Rivas, State University of New York, Buffalo, Organic Chemistry 1998 Dissertation Fellows Kristala Lanett Jones, Arizona State University, Chemical Engineering 1998 Postdoctoral Fellows Edgardo Tabión Farinas, Yale University, Interdisciplinary Chemistry Data Base of Online Courses TeleEducation NB, a province-wide distributed distance learning network in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, has implemented an international online course database of more than 9,000 courses. The database includes public and private courses at all levels from more than 15 countries and includes only those courses that can be completed fully online. Courses vary from graduate-level engineering offerings to simple "How to" courses. The database provides access to courses and programs leading to accredited degrees, diplomas, and certificates. Professional development and personal interest courses are also included. Students can access course information by browsing subject areas or by searching specific fields. Hotlinks connect students directly to the delivering institutions. In the past year, there has been an exponential rise in the number of courses being offered online, from fewer than 2,000 in January 1998 to more than 10,000 in December 1998. It is expected that there will be more than 40,000 online courses by the year 2000. The TeleCampus Online Course Database provides students with a means of finding information on courses that meet their needs. The database can be accessed from TeleCampus at http://telecampus.edu. Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, an Online Course An online conference, Proposals for Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, will take place from March 29 to April 10, 1999. The

  4. 32 CFR 516.53 - News media and other inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest § 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...

  5. 32 CFR 516.53 - News media and other inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest § 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...

  6. 32 CFR 516.53 - News media and other inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest § 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...

  7. 32 CFR 516.53 - News media and other inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest § 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...

  8. 26 CFR 49.4253-2 - Exemption for news services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...television broadcasting, or a news ticker service furnishing a general news service similar to that of...periodicals, and trade and scientific publications issued to supply...associations, radio or television news broadcasting agencies or...

  9. 26 CFR 49.4253-2 - Exemption for news services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...television broadcasting, or a news ticker service furnishing a general news service similar to that of...periodicals, and trade and scientific publications issued to supply...associations, radio or television news broadcasting agencies or...

  10. Glyph : lightweight and evocative looping images in the news

    E-print Network

    Niles, Savannah

    2015-01-01

    There is an emotional dimension to the informative function of the news. When we read the news we participate in a collective emotional experience- whether that is grief, celebration, worry, or wonder. News video is a ...

  11. Mapping the News: How Journalists use GIS

    E-print Network

    Herzog, David

    2006-11-15

    In the news: 2000 elections In the news: Hurricane Katrina In the news: Other stories A short history? Miami, 1992 Hurricane Andrew hits south Fla. Miami Herald ?{ What caused the damage patterns to south Florida homes hit by Hurricane Andrew... intensive ?z Time to learn ?z Time to analyze ?{ Capital intensive What helped? ?{ Most data includes a geographic element ?{ 1990 Census introduced analytic mapping to a few newsrooms ?{ Government agencies deploying GIS ?{ Availability of free GIS data...

  12. Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics: News

    PubMed Central

    Riedmann, Eva M

    2013-01-01

    Agenus brain cancer vaccine improves survival in phase 2 trial Meningococcal meningitis cases fall 94% following vaccine introduction Most vaccines are safe during breastfeeding Promising phase 1 results for Genocea’s herpes simplex virus vaccine Delayed vaccinations clearly increase risk of whooping cough Positive news from early-stage HIV vaccines Sanofi’s H7N9 vaccine trial with MF59 and AS03 PMID:24192581

  13. Science in the Media: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salleh, Anna

    2001-01-01

    Aims to provide insight into some of the factors that shape science news in the hope of facilitating judicious use of this resource in educational and other contexts. Examines the effects of journalism on public perception of science. (MM)

  14. A Few Bad Votes Too Many? Towards Robust Ranking in Social Media

    E-print Network

    Agichtein, Eugene

    are trying to "game the system" by selectively promoting or demoting content for profit, or fun. Hence and Youtube, votes are used to judge the quality of the posted news or videos, as well for the quality

  15. Science and Technology Headline News Related News Archives: Astronomy & Space Science | Chronological

    E-print Network

    Richards, Donald St. P.

    of the stars," comments Craig DeForest, a solar physicist at the Page 1 of 3Science and Technology in the NewsScience and Technology Headline News Related News Archives: Astronomy & Space Science activity on stars outside the solar system, and they've found that the stars have cycles of activity

  16. News: Good chemical manufacturing process criteria

    EPA Science Inventory

    This news column covers topics relating to manufacturing criteria, machine to machine technology, novel process windows, green chemistry indices, business resilience, immobilized enzymes, and Bt crops.

  17. 16/06/09 8:58 AMLatest News : Traffic Technology Today Page 1 of 3http://www.traffictechnologytoday.com/news.php?NewsID=13276

    E-print Network

    Flynn, Morris R.

    16/06/09 8:58 AMLatest News : Traffic Technology Today Page 1 of 3http://www.traffictechnologytoday.com/news.php;16/06/09 8:58 AMLatest News : Traffic Technology Today Page 2 of 3http://www.traffictechnologytoday.com/news.php

  18. From Urey To The Ocean's Glacial Ph: News From The Boron-11 Paleo-acidimetry.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeebe, R. E.; Wolf-Gladrow, D. A.; Bijma, J.

    Boron paleo-acidimetry is based on the stable boron isotope composition of foraminiferal shells which has been shown to be a function of seawater pH. It is cur- rently one of the most promising paleo-carbonate chemistry proxies. One important parameter of the proxy is the equilibrium fractionation between the dissolved boron species B(OH)3 and B(OH)- which was calculated to be 19 per mil at 25C by Kak- 4 ihana and Kotaka (1977), based on Urey's theory. The calculated equilibrium frac- tionation, however, depends on the vibrational frequencies of the molecules for which different values have been reported in the literature. We have recalculated the equilib- rium fractionation and find that it may be distinctly different from 19 per mil (this is the bad news). The good news is that - theoretically - the use of 11B as a paleo-pH indicator is not compromised through vital effects in planktonic foraminifera. We de- rive this conclusion by the use of a diffusion-reaction model that calculates pH profiles and 11B values in the vicinity of a foraminifer.

  19. Ethics and the Responsible Conduct of Research in the Chemical Community: The Unique Role and Challenges of the News Media.

    PubMed

    Schulz, William G

    2015-01-01

    Journalists who cover scientific research, including chemistry research, have an obligation to report on alleged cases of research misconduct when knowledge of these surface. New Government definitions of research misconduct, beginning in the late 1990s with the Clinton Administration, have helped scientists, policymakers, as well as journalists sort out and make sense of alleged research misconduct. Journalistic reporting on research misconduct includes many challenges: gathering information from sources who are intimidated or afraid to speak, strict adherence to journalist ethics that take on a new dimension when careers, reputations, and research funding are at stake; efforts by government and institutional bureaucrats to dampen or thwart legitimate news coverage. The Internet, blogging, and social media have added still more complexity and ethical quandaries to this blend. The author, News Editor of Chemical & Engineering News published by the American Chemical Society, provides examples from his own career and that of colleagues. He suggests that an enhanced spirit of understanding and cooperation between journalists and members of the scientific community can lead to avenues of open discussion of research misconduct--discussions that might prevent and mitigate the very real damage caused by bad actors in science who betray themselves, their peers, and the body of modern day scientific knowledge when they make the decision to march into the darkness of dishonesty, plagiarism, or falsification. PMID:26155732

  20. Media Literacy, News Literacy, or News Appreciation? A Case Study of the News Literacy Program at Stony Brook University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    This case study provides practical and theoretical insights into the Stony Brook news literacy program, which is one of the most ambitious and well-funded curricular experiments in modern journalism education and media literacy. Analysis of document, interview, and observation data indicates that news literacy educators sought to teach students…

  1. Visual improvement for bad handwriting based on Monte-Carlo method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Cao; Xiao, Jianguo; Xu, Canhui; Jia, Wenhua

    2014-03-01

    A visual improvement algorithm based on Monte Carlo simulation is proposed in this paper, in order to enhance visual effects for bad handwriting. The whole improvement process is to use well designed typeface so as to optimize bad handwriting image. In this process, a series of linear operators for image transformation are defined for transforming typeface image to approach handwriting image. And specific parameters of linear operators are estimated by Monte Carlo method. Visual improvement experiments illustrate that the proposed algorithm can effectively enhance visual effect for handwriting image as well as maintain the original handwriting features, such as tilt, stroke order and drawing direction etc. The proposed visual improvement algorithm, in this paper, has a huge potential to be applied in tablet computer and Mobile Internet, in order to improve user experience on handwriting.

  2. Expression of human interferon-?8 synthetic gene under P(BAD) promoter.

    PubMed

    Mohammed, Y; El-Baky, N A; Redwan, N A; Redwan, E M

    2012-10-01

    Recombinant human interferon-?8 (rhIFN-?8) was obtained by synthesizing a codon-optimized gene in a two-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and expressing it in Escherichia coli. The gene encoding human IFN-?8 shows a high content of rare codons. These were replaced based on E. coli codon usage and balancing TA-GC ratio contents of the entire gene. The two-step PCR was performed using long (45-60 nucleotides) overlapped primers and two Taq polymerases (pfu clone and GC-rich system) and resulted in a DNA band of 504 base pairs (bp) corresponding to the calculated size of the IFN-?8 coding sequence; the pfu clone failed to amplify the gene in the correct size without unspecific bands. The full gene was cloned into the pBAD-TOPO expression vector. After cloning, the gene was reoriented by NcoI restriction digestion and religation. The ligated pBAD-TOPO-IFN-?8 (pBAD-IFN?8) plasmid carried the IFN-?8 gene under transcriptional control of the L-arabinose-inducible P(BAD) promoter. IFN-?8 expression was optimized with respect to L-arabinose concentration, temperature, and time of induction in shake flask cultures to maximize the yield of soluble IFN-?8. The produced IFN-?8 was characterized by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoassays. After purification on DEAE-Sepharose, the yield was 100 mg/liter. The antiviral and anticancer activities of the IFN-?8 were evaluated in comparison with IFN-?2a, and the results are discussed. PMID:23157301

  3. Voices of Women in the Field: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchese, Barbara A.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author, the Principal of Saint Philip Neri School in Omaha, Nebraska, for 14 years, describes the good, the bad, and the ugly aspects of being a principal. She notes that the "good" includes: (1) longevity--having been on the job for 14 years, she has been able to see many of the kids grow and mature; (2) a supportive and…

  4. Recruitment of BAD by the Chlamydia trachomatis Vacuole Correlates with Host-Cell Survival

    PubMed Central

    Verbeke, Philippe; Welter-Stahl, Lynn; Ying, Songmin; Hansen, Jon; Häcker, Georg; Darville, Toni; Ojcius, David M

    2006-01-01

    Chlamydiae replicate intracellularly in a vacuole called an inclusion. Chlamydial-infected host cells are protected from mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis, partly due to degradation of BH3-only proteins. The host-cell adapter protein 14-3-3? can interact with host-cell apoptotic signaling pathways in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. In Chlamydia trachomatis-infected cells, 14-3-3? co-localizes to the inclusion via direct interaction with a C. trachomatis-encoded inclusion membrane protein. We therefore explored the possibility that the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) pathway may contribute to resistance of infected cells to apoptosis. We found that inhibition of PI3K renders C. trachomatis-infected cells sensitive to staurosporine-induced apoptosis, which is accompanied by mitochondrial cytochrome c release. 14-3-3? does not associate with the Chlamydia pneumoniae inclusion, and inhibition of PI3K does not affect protection against apoptosis of C. pneumoniae-infected cells. In C. trachomatis-infected cells, the PI3K pathway activates AKT/protein kinase B, which leads to maintenance of the pro-apoptotic protein BAD in a phosphorylated state. Phosphorylated BAD is sequestered via 14-3-3? to the inclusion, but it is released when PI3K is inhibited. Depletion of AKT through short-interfering RNA reverses the resistance to apoptosis of C. trachomatis-infected cells. BAD phosphorylation is not maintained and it is not recruited to the inclusion of Chlamydia muridarum, which protects poorly against apoptosis. Thus, sequestration of BAD away from mitochondria provides C. trachomatis with a mechanism to protect the host cell from apoptosis via the interaction of a C. trachomatis-encoded inclusion protein with a host-cell phosphoserine-binding protein. PMID:16710454

  5. Bad air, amulets and mosquitoes: 2,000 years of changing perspectives on malaria

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    For many centuries, scientists have debated the cause and best treatment of the disease now known as malaria. Two theories regarding malaria transmission – that of “bad air” and that of insect vectors – have been widely accepted at different times throughout history. Treatments and cures have varied accordingly over time. This paper traces the evolution of scientific consensus on malaria aetiology, transmission, and treatment from ancient times to the present day. PMID:23835014

  6. 9/10/08 12:55 PMLoading "nsf.gov -News -Universally Speaking, Earthlings Share a Nice Neighborhood -US National Science Foundation (NSF)" Page 1 of 3http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=112024

    E-print Network

    Rasio, Frederic A.

    Neighborhood - US National Science Foundation (NSF)" Page 1 of 3http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp Foundation (NSF)" Page 2 of 3http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=112024 computing limitations

  7. Science News and the Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCullough, Laura

    2006-01-01

    Using "Science News" as a teaching tool promotes writing about science, talking about science, and broadening students' views about what science is. This article describes an ongoing assignment in which students choose one article from "Science News" each week and write a brief summary and explanation of why they picked that article. (Contains 1…

  8. NIH News in Health: September 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wein, Harrison, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    News in Health, is a monthly newsletter that provides practical health news and information. As college students arrive on campus this fall, it is a time of new experiences, new friendships and making memories that will last a lifetime. Unfortunately for many, it can also be a time of excessive drinking and dealing with its aftermath--vandalism,…

  9. Program Management Collection. "LINCS" Resource Collection News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Literacy Information and Communication System, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This edition of "'LINCS' Resource Collection News" features the Program Management Collection, which covers the topics of Assessment, Learning Disabilities, and Program Improvement. Each month Collections News features one of the three "LINCS" (Literacy Information and Communication System) Resource Collections--Basic Skills, Program Management,…

  10. Workforce Competitiveness Collection. "LINCS" Resource Collection News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Literacy Information and Communication System, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This edition of "'LINCS' Resource Collection News" features the Workforce Competitiveness Collection, covering the topics of workforce education, English language acquisition, and technology. Each month Collections News features one of the three "LINCS" (Literacy Information and Communication System) Resource Collections--Basic Skills, Program…

  11. Satellite News Feeds: Protecting a Transient Interest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwater, Tony; And Others

    Satellite news gathering (SNG) has been widely adopted in broadcast journalism in recent years, and appears likely to grow in importance as local television news operations increase their reliance on it. However, because the technology for SNG is so new, information transmitted through SNG systems is not adequately protected under current laws.…

  12. Home | News & Community | Free Newsletter | Search: Tips

    E-print Network

    Braun, Paul

    Home | News & Community | Free Newsletter | Search: Tips Articles News and Information Current Headlines Download Library Product Showcase Newsletters Events Calendar Tools Free Newsletter 2008 Media Kit a photonic band gap, said Paul Braun, a University Scholar and professor of materials science and engineering

  13. Broadcast Journalism; An Introduction to News Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Mark W.

    The important features of writing news for radio and television are covered in this book. Ways to write colorful, accurate, and timely stories are explained with the emphasis on the differences between broadcast and newspaper stories. Other subjects treated are sources of news (including explanations of how the Associated Press copy works and how…

  14. Kids, Crime, and Local Television News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yanich, Danilo

    2005-01-01

    The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them. The obvious question is what does the news tell us about crime. This article compares the coverage of adult crime and the coverage of what the author…

  15. Computational Methods for Analyzing Health News Coverage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McFarlane, Delano J.

    2011-01-01

    Researchers that investigate the media's coverage of health have historically relied on keyword searches to retrieve relevant health news coverage, and manual content analysis methods to categorize and score health news text. These methods are problematic. Manual content analysis methods are labor intensive, time consuming, and inherently…

  16. Developing a News Media Literacy Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashley, Seth; Maksl, Adam; Craft, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    Using a framework previously applied to other areas of media literacy, this study developed and assessed a measurement scale focused specifically on critical news media literacy. Our scale appears to successfully measure news media literacy as we have conceptualized it based on previous research, demonstrated through assessments of content,…

  17. e! Science News Semiconductor manufacturing technique holds

    E-print Network

    Rogers, John A.

    e! Science News Semiconductor manufacturing technique holds promise for solar energy Published semiconductor manufacturing method pioneered at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just gotSemiconductor manufacturing technique holds promise for solar energy | e! Science News 5/26/2010http

  18. Listening to Monotony: All-News Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woal, Michael

    A study analyzed statistically the monotony of all-news radio listening and identified stylistic figures that elicit attention in listeners. Subjects were 30 graduate students whose experience with radio news ranged from occasional listening over several months to regular listening five or seven days per week for several years. Respondents were…

  19. Transcription of Arabic Broadcast News Abdel. Messaoudi,

    E-print Network

    that broadcasts directly in France. The television and other radio sources were recorded via satellite (Arabsat of ra- dio and television broadcast news data; a corpus of text materials from various newspaper sourcesTranscription of Arabic Broadcast News Abdel. Messaoudi,£Ý Lori Lamel, Jean-Luc Gauvain Spoken

  20. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 16 MARCH 2014 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2907 Origins of bad-metal conductivity and the

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    and the insulator­metal transition in the rare-earth nickelates R. Jaramillo1 *, Sieu D. Ha1, D. M. Silevitch2 introducetherare-earthnickelates(RNiO3,R=rare-earth)asa class of bad metals. We study SmNiO3 thin films usingLETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 16 MARCH 2014 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2907 Origins of bad-metal conductivity

  1. 12/20/13 nsf.gov -National Science Foundation (NSF) News -Telecoupling science shows China's forest sustainability packs global impact -US National Science Fou... nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=129973 1/1

    E-print Network

    's forest sustainability packs global impact - US National Science Fou... nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp://www.nsf.gov NSF News: http://www.nsf.gov/news/ For the News Media: http://www.nsf.gov/news/newsroom.jsp Science

  2. Chemical & Engineering News Serving the chemical, life sciences and laboratory worlds

    E-print Network

    Zare, Richard N.

    Chemical & Engineering News Serving the chemical, life sciences and laboratory worlds Latest News News | Chemical & Engineering News http://pubs.acs.org/cen/news/87/i24/8724news1.html 1 of 2 6 for the Advancement of Science, and the Association for Women in Science. Chemical & Engineering News ISSN 0009

  3. Yahoo! My Yahoo! Mail Sign Up -News Home Help

    E-print Network

    and Washington. news web sites Chirac gave the undertaking during talks with Chinese President Hu Jintao in Paris a visit to Washington last month by Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao. news web sites Relations between France Iraq ( - )news web sites AFP Photo Welcome, Guest Yahoo! News Thu, Jan 29, 2004 US rebuffs Chirac

  4. Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1992

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1992. The index is arranged in six sections: subject index, personal names index, news release number index, accession number index, speeches, and news releases.

  5. Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1993

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1993. The index is arranged in six sections: subject index, personal names index, news release number index, accession number index, speeches, and news releases.

  6. Space Shuttle Status News Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Richard Gilbech, External Tank "Tiger Team" Lead, begins this space shuttle news conference with detailing the two major objectives of the team. The objectives include: 1) Finding the root cause of the foam loss on STS-114; and 2) Near and long term improvements for the external tank. Wayne Hale, Space Shuttle Program Manager, presents a chart to explain the external tank foam loss during STS-114. He gives a possible launch date for STS-121 after there has been a repair to the foam on the External Tank. He further discusses the changes that need to be made to the surrounding areas of the plant in New Orleans, due to Hurricane Katrina. Bill Gerstemaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Space Operations, elaborates on the testing of the external tank foam loss. The discussion ends with questions from the news media about a fix for the foam, replacement of the tiles, foam loss avoidance, the root cause of foam loss and a possible date for a new external tank to be shipped to NASA Kennedy Space Center.

  7. The NEWS Water Cycle Climatology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rodell, Matthew; Beaudoing, Hiroko Kato; L'Ecuyer, Tristan; William, Olson

    2012-01-01

    NASA's Energy and Water Cycle Study (NEWS) program fosters collaborative research towards improved quantification and prediction of water and energy cycle consequences of climate change. In order to measure change, it is first necessary to describe current conditions. The goal of the first phase of the NEWS Water and Energy Cycle Climatology project was to develop "state of the global water cycle" and "state of the global energy cycle" assessments based on data from modern ground and space based observing systems and data integrating models. The project was a multi-institutional collaboration with more than 20 active contributors. This presentation will describe the results of the water cycle component of the first phase of the project, which include seasonal (monthly) climatologies of water fluxes over land, ocean, and atmosphere at continental and ocean basin scales. The requirement of closure of the water budget (i.e., mass conservation) at various scales was exploited to constrain the flux estimates via an optimization approach that will also be described. Further, error assessments were included with the input datasets, and we examine these in relation to inferred uncertainty in the optimized flux estimates in order to gauge our current ability to close the water budget within an expected uncertainty range.

  8. Bad Blood.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fourtner, Ann W.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Describes a case study of the Tuskegee Syphilis project to help demonstrate the use of the case study method in instruction. This is one of a series of articles written to stimulate interest in and discussion about the use of the case study method in teaching undergraduate-level science. (ZWH)

  9. Bad English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilliard, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Between 2005 and 2009, the number of foreign-born residents in New York State grew by nearly 5 percent, building on a consistent tide of new immigration to New York over the past quarter-century. This latest wave of immigration has brought significant benefits to the state. The new arrivals have replenished lost population in many communities,…

  10. Bad Signs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohn, Alfie

    2011-01-01

    A person can tell quite a lot about what goes on in a classroom or a school even if he visits after everyone has gone home. Just by looking at the walls--or, more precisely, what is on the walls--it is possible to get a feel for the educational priorities, the attitudes about children, even the assumptions about human nature of the people in…

  11. Bad Signs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohn, Alfie

    2010-01-01

    One can tell quite a lot about what goes on in a classroom or a school even if one visits after everyone has gone home. Just by looking at the walls--or, more precisely, what's on the walls--it's possible to get a feel for the educational priorities, the attitudes about children, even the assumptions about human nature of the people in charge. In…

  12. News 

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2004-01-01

    , tooled in gilt; engraved throughout (39 double-pages and one folding plate by Loggan), being illustrations of Oxford, its libraries, theatres, and sites; with presentation inscription from the Master and Fel- lows, Pembroke College, Oxford, to Sir John...-Century Imprints on the Antiquarian Book Market Brett-Smith Library Auction, Sotheby?s (Spring, 2004) The John R.B. Brett-Smith Library, a collection long distinguished for its holdings in early-modern English books and manuscripts, was the subject of much chat...

  13. News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2005-03-01

    Microscopy: Schools to gain remote access to Oxford University-based SEM Canada: Perimeter Institute calls international applicants to its 2005 summer school ASE: ASE 2005 refreshes the teaching parts that other conferences cannot reach Scotland: Glasgow hosts Kelvin exhibition Climate Analysis: Met Office sets up project to predict climate change Wales: Welsh teachers meet at Christ College, Brecon ESERA: ESERA 2005 unveils its conference programme Higher Education: Educators address school-university transition Christmas Lecture Series: Royal Institution supports Christmas Lecture series with interactive CD-ROM Events: UK’s Science Week kicks off in March Grants: PPARC and IOP to provide grants worth up to £400 Camera Competition: Congratulations go to camera winners Teachers’ TV: Teachers’ channel hits the small screen Physics and Music: Foster and Liebeck presentation combines physics and music Science on Stage: SOS gears up for Geneva festival Nanoworld: Hirsch lecture at Oxford focuses on the nanoworld GIREP: GIREP conference aims to raise physics’ profile Course: STELAR offers free radio-communication course

  14. News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2005-05-01

    Schools lecture: Institute of Physics roadshow is a lecture series with a difference Rugby Meeting: 17th Annual Meeting for Teachers of Physics boasts an impressive schedule Courses: Year-12 pupils go to Open University Camera Competition: Enter now to win a new camera! Conference: Teachers invited to CERN in September New Zealand: Royal Society of New Zealand tackles fear of physics Bulgaria: Fairies, witches and extraterrestrials: how to teach science using theatre Schools lecture: Institute seeks speaker for its annual lecture series Competition: Critical thinking is encouraged by global warming competition Scotland: Two good reasons to visit Scotland this summer Competition: Test your knowledge Free Event: June IOP conference Conference: Also in Liverpool…

  15. News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-05-01

    SHAP Awards: SHAP students come out on top APECS Seminar: Able Pupils Experience Challenging Science project gets support SHAP Awards : Teachers get awards too Institute Awards: Musical squares: musical pair continue to share their adventures in sound Meeting: Rugby School hosts Schools’ Physics Group Meeting Germany: German didactics group puts on a full programme for spring meeting Radio Communication: GB4FUN: mobile radio shack hits the airwaves and is a hit with schools Saturn: Cassini Huygens mission: Saturn here we come! World Year of Physics: Conference continues with its preparations for 2005 Resources: New resources on radioactive materials available JG was supported by KBN grant no 2 P03A 020 24.

  16. News

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2002-01-01

    of Illinois, Urbana, presided. The following members were elected to offices: Annabel Patterson as President (2002), John Leonard as Vice Presi- dent (2002), and Elizabeth Skerpan-Wheeler and Paul Stevens for three-year membership (2002-2004) on the Executive... of the following book and essay: Barbara K. Lewalski, The Life of John Milton (Oxford: Ba- sil Basil Blackwell Publishers, 2000) John Leonard, ?Milton, Lucretius, and the ?void profound of unessential Night,?? Living Texts: Interpreting Milton, eds. Kristin A...

  17. News

    E-print Network

    Dickson, Donald R., ed.

    2007-01-01

    Arnold, Mary Fenton, and Thomas Luxon. Excused were Gardner Campbell, Angelica Duran, and Gregory Machacek. 1. OFFICERS AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. The following members of the society were nominated for offices: Paul Stevens for President; Kristin Pruitt... (Treasurer), and the following members of the Executive Committee: Arnold, Fenton, and von Maltzahn. 1. Labriola and Benet were reappointed Secretary and Treasurer, respec- tively. 2. Benet was empowered to choose a site for the 2007 dinner and meeting...

  18. News

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2006-01-01

    : Mar- garet Arnold, Stephen B. Dobranski, and Thomas Luxon. Excused were Gardner Campbell, Angelica Duran, and Jeffrey Shoulson. 1. OFFICERS AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. The following members of the society were nominated for offices: Laura L. Knoppers...: Knoppers (President), Stevens (Vice President), Labriola (Secretary), Benet (Treasurer), Arnold, Campbell, Duran, Fenton, Luxon, and Machacek of the Executive Committee. 1. Labriola and Benet were reappointed Secretary and Treasurer, respec- tively. 2...

  19. News 

    E-print Network

    2008-01-01

    of the Executive Committee: Margaret Arnold, Mary Fenton, Thomas Luxon, William Shullenberger, and Nicholas von Maltzahn. Excused was Gregory Machacek. 1. OFFICERS AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. The following members of the society were nominated for offices: Kristin... Pruitt for Presi- dent; Tom Luxon for Vice President; and for three-year membership (2008- 2010) on the Executive Committee Ken Hiltner and Nigel Smith, succeeding Margaret Arnold and Tom Luxon. 2. TREASURER?S REPORT. Benet indicated that the assets...

  20. News

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2004-01-01

    outline the proposed paper or lecture-demonstration as fully as possible and include requests for any needed audiovisual equipment. Papers will be limited to 30 minutes. Abstracts should be sent via e-mail or post to: Dr. Amanda Eubanks Winkler 308 Bowne...

  1. News

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2003-01-01

    the corrections that were necessary before an expur- gated copy could be read by the faithful. In short, De revolutionibus was an enormously influential book, entering right away into the libraries of humanists like Johannes Sambucus, architects like Juan de... the Renaissance and Baroque periods, Latin supplements to classical texts were popular: Johannes Freinsheim ?completed? Tacitus and Curtius Rufus; C. B. Morisot, Ovid?s Fasti; Pius Bononiensis, Valerius Flaccus?s Argonautica; and Thomas May, Lucan?s Pharsalia...

  2. News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davenhall, Clive

    2011-09-01

    Townsend Observatory destroyed; BAA Lunar Section archives; Astro-Cymru; Royal star identified; Formation of Johannes Kepler Working Group; Tycho Brahe exhumed; Ancient observatory discovered in Iran...; ... and in Mexico; Calling all ex-occupants of interplanetary craft.

  3. News

    PubMed Central

    Riedmann, Eva M.

    2012-01-01

    Two new combination pediatric vaccines advancing to use in infants Oncolytic viruses successfully delivered intravenously Cuba eliminates hepatitis B among minors under 15 Alzheimer's vaccine trial a success Study: Shingles vaccine safe for patients on immune-suppressing drugs Therapeutic cancer vaccine against metastatic renal cell carcinoma enters Phase 3 Pfizer’s Men B vaccine shows promise in Phase 2 Biovest initiates formal regulatory approval process for BiovaxID in Europe PMID:22914446

  4. News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davenhall, Clive

    2012-06-01

    Herschel papers catalogued and accessible; Maskelyne papers accepted for the nation; centenary of the Hamburg Observatory; oldest astrologer's board found; Groupe Flammarion sold; ancient sundial found; keeping time (modern folk song about John Harrison).

  5. News

    PubMed Central

    Riedmann, Eva M.

    2012-01-01

    Proof of efficacy shown for Sanofi Pasteur’s dengue vaccine Multi-peptide therapeutic Renal Cell Carcinoma vaccine shows clinical benefit Poor sleep can reduce effectiveness of vaccines  Innovative grass pollen allergy vaccine positive in phase 2 GSK’s shingles vaccine starts phase 3 in immunocompromised patients Overweight? There may be vaccine for that Vaccination records available online US females often do not complete HPV vaccination regimens 

  6. News

    E-print Network

    Donald R. Dickson, ed.

    2005-01-01

    recognized the excellence of Neil Forsyth, The Satanic Epic (Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 2003). The Irene Samuel Memorial Award recognized the excellence of the following multiauthor collection: Paradise Regained in Context: Genre, Politics, Religion...

  7. News

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-07-01

    Meetings: Physics Teachers@CERN 2003 Education Group Annual Conference: Observations by a first-time participant... Summer Workshop: Making Music Competition: Physics in the fast lane Bristol Festival of Physics: Ice cream ice-breakers Online Resources: Old favourites go online UK Curriculum: What does society want? UK Curriculum: Assessment of Science Learning 14-19 Forthcoming Events

  8. When bad mothers lose good babies: understanding fetal and infant mortality case reviews.

    PubMed

    Fordyce, Lauren

    2014-01-01

    This article examines how the practices of the Fetal and Infant Mortality Review-Case Review Team (FIMR CRT) in "Florida City" constructs particular types of maternal and fetal subjects and how these narratives about fetal and infant death reflect particular discourses about "bad mothers" and "good babies." I argue that the very methods of the Florida City FIMR committee structure the types of conversations and, in effect, judgments that can be made about women who experience a fetal or neonatal death. In addition, I examine how many of these ideas resonate with the discourses around fetal rights that pervade contemporary abortion politics in the United States. PMID:24964721

  9. BEING EMOTIONAL DURING DECISION MAKING—GOOD OR BAD? AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION

    PubMed Central

    SEO, MYEONG-GU; BARRETT, LISA FELDMAN

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the link between affective experience and decision-making performance. In a stock investment simulation, 101 stock investors rated their feelings on an Internet Web site while making investment decisions each day for 20 consecutive business days. Contrary to the popular belief that feelings are generally bad for decision making, we found that individuals who experienced more intense feelings achieved higher decision-making performance. Moreover, individuals who were better able to identify and distinguish among their current feelings achieved higher decision-making performance via their enhanced ability to control the possible biases induced by those feelings. PMID:18449361

  10. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: three different approaches to break their watermarking system

    E-print Network

    Guelvouit, Gaëtan Le; Cayre, François; 10.1117/12.703968

    2008-01-01

    The Good is Blondie, a wandering gunman with a strong personal sense of honor. The Bad is Angel Eyes, a sadistic hitman who always hits his mark. The Ugly is Tuco, a Mexican bandit who's always only looking out for himself. Against the backdrop of the BOWS contest, they search for a watermark in gold buried in three images. Each knows only a portion of the gold's exact location, so for the moment they're dependent on each other. However, none are particularly inclined to share...

  11. The good, the bad, and the ugly: three different approaches to break their watermarking system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Guelvouit, G.; Furon, T.; Cayre, F.

    2007-02-01

    The Good is Blondie, a wandering gunman with a strong personal sense of honor. The Bad is Angel Eyes, a sadistic hitman who always hits his mark. The Ugly is Tuco, a Mexican bandit who's always only looking out for himself. Against the backdrop of the BOWS contest, they search for a watermark in gold buried in three images. Each knows only a portion of the gold's exact location, so for the moment they're dependent on each other. However, none are particularly inclined to share...

  12. Adolescent girls' perceptions of goodness and badness and the role of will in their behavioral decisions.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Amanda K; Buchholz, Ester Schaler

    2003-01-01

    The present study explored adolescents' ethical self-images and related behavioral decisions. Data were collected from two groups of adolescent girls (N = 49) using an open-ended survey. One group attended a public high school for gifted students and the other group attended an alternative public high school. The results indicate that goodness is connected with altruism, adherence to external standards, or self-beneficial actions. Alternatively, badness is associated with going against social norms, harming others, or violating inner values. In these two groups overall, decisions about how to behave seem influenced by both inner standards and relational pulls. Differences between the two groups are also discussed. PMID:14768990

  13. SGM : News : Previous News Stories http://www.sgm.ac.uk/news/newsmonths/september04.cfm 1 of 6 8/9/06 10:56 AM

    E-print Network

    Gardner, Andy

    to the Department of Health, more than 130,000 doses of surplus blood products were sent overseas and 12 countries for Overseas Development. Departing from the official Vatican viewpoint that #12;SGM : News : Previous News

  14. Bad is not involved in DHA-induced apoptosis in human lung adenocarcinoma ASTC-a-1 cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Huai-na; Lu, Ying-ying; Chen, Tong-sheng

    2011-03-01

    Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a first-line anti-malarial drug with low toxicity, has been shown to possess promising anticancer activities and induce cancer cell death through apoptotic pathway, but the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. In this paper, we focus on whether Bad, a BH3-only pro-apoptotic protein, is involved in apoptotic cell death in DHA-treated human lung adenocarcinoma (ASTC-a-1) cells. Confocal fluorescence microscope imaging was used to monitor the temporal and spatial distribution of Bad in single living cells. Our results indicate that Bad is still located in cytoplasm and does not translocate to mitochondria after treatment with DHA for 24 h, while only a small proportion of Bad located in cytoplasm in the STS-treated cells for 6 h. These results show for the first time that Bad is not involved in DHA-induced apoptosis in ASTC-a-1 cells, which could give more evidence for the molecular mechanisms of apoptosis induced by DHA.

  15. Individual and overlapping roles of BH3-only proteins Bim and Bad in apoptosis of lymphocytes and platelets and in suppression of thymic lymphoma development.

    PubMed

    Kelly, P N; White, M J; Goschnick, M W; Fairfax, K A; Tarlinton, D M; Kinkel, S A; Bouillet, P; Adams, J M; Kile, B T; Strasser, A

    2010-10-01

    BH3-only proteins, such as Bim and Bad, contribute to tissue homeostasis by initiating apoptosis in a cell type- and stimulus-specific manner. Loss of Bim provokes lymphocyte accumulation in vivo and renders lymphocytes more resistant to diverse apoptotic stimuli and Bad has been implicated in the apoptosis of haematopoietic cells upon cytokine deprivation. To investigate whether their biological roles in apoptosis overlap, we generated mice lacking both Bim and Bad and compared their haematopoietic phenotype with that of the single-knockout and wild-type (wt) animals. Unexpectedly, bad(-/-) mice had excess platelets due to prolonged platelet life-span. The bim(-/-)bad(-/-) mice were anatomically normal and fertile. Their haematopoietic phenotype resembled that of bim(-/-) mice but lymphocytes were slightly more elevated in their lymph nodes. Although resting B and T lymphocytes from bim(-/-)bad(-/-) and bim(-/-) animals displayed similar resistance to diverse apoptotic stimuli, mitogen activated bim(-/-)bad(-/-) B cells were more refractory to cytokine deprivation. Moreover, combined loss of Bim and Bad-enhanced survival of thymocytes after DNA damage and accelerated development of ?-irradiation-induced thymic lymphoma. Unexpectedly, their cooperation in the thymus depended upon thymocyte-stromal interaction. Collectively, these results show that Bim and Bad can cooperate in the apoptosis of thymocytes and activated B lymphocytes and in the suppression of thymic lymphoma development. PMID:20431598

  16. Internationale Mathematische Nachrichten International Mathematical News

    E-print Network

    Pottmann, Helmut

    #12;Internationale Mathematische Nachrichten International Mathematical News Nouvelles Math ¨Osterreichische Mathematische Gesellschaft, Wien. ISSN 0020-7926. #12;Internationale Mathematische Nachrichten Wunderlich -- Herausgeber der Internationalen Ma- thematischen Nachrichten von 1953 bis 1977

  17. Management forecast credibility and underreaction to news

    E-print Network

    Ng, Jeffrey

    In this paper, we first document evidence of underreaction to management forecast news. We then hypothesize that the credibility of the forecast influences the magnitude of this underreaction. Relying on evidence that more ...

  18. Risk Analysis and the Construction of News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Lee; Patterson, Philip

    1987-01-01

    Explains that the news media commit fundamental errors of attribution in covering risk situations by (1) treating them as novelties, (2) failing to analyze the entire system, and (3) using insufficiently analytical language. (NKA)

  19. WellcomeNews In this issue...

    E-print Network

    Rambaut, Andrew

    exhibition on genomics John Hall vs Florence Nightingale RESEARCH NEWS 8­11 Bioarchaeology with Greenland ice to investigate the effectiveness of both drug- and non-drug-based treatments. A new initiative, launched

  20. News and resources for PCB industry

    E-print Network

    Rogers, John A.

    News and resources for PCB industry professionals VIEWPOINT: 'Macroelectronics' 08-25-2006 Anyone, but you could change the color, you could make them opaque. The notion would be a type of system mounted

  1. Normative Issues for News as Cultural Celebration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capo, James A.

    1985-01-01

    Delineates what it means to view news as cultural celebration, assesses whether standard approaches to media seem applicable to this notion of new, and drafts the normative issues at stake in this version of journalism. (SRT)

  2. Indexing and retrieval of broadcast news 

    E-print Network

    Renals, Steve; Abberley, Dave; Kirby, David; Robinson, Tony

    This paper describes a spoken document retrieval (SDR) system for British and North American Broadcast News. The system is based on a connectionist large vocabulary speech recognizer and a probabilistic information ...

  3. WebMail A to Z Contacts Site Map News Multimedia About Princeton

    E-print Network

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    & Staff Alumni Parents Undergraduate Applicants Graduate School Applicants News Stories FAQs Events & Calendars Multimedia Press Room Share Your News Tips Current Stories Features Science & Tech People Press Room Contacts Policies Resources Image Galleries Submit News & Events Submit News Submit Events

  4. Regulation of dispersion of carbon nanotubes in a mixture of good and bad solvents

    E-print Network

    O. Deriabina; N. Lebovka; L. Bulavin; A. Goncharuk

    2013-04-21

    The microstructure and electrical conductivity of suspensions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in binary liquid mixtures water-1-Cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (CHP) were studied in the heating and cooling cycles. The concentration of MWCNTs was varied in the interval between 0-1 wt.% and the content of water in a binary mixture X = [water]/([CHP]+[water]) was varied within 0-1.0. The experimental data have shown that dispersing quality of MWCNTs in a mixture of good (CHP) and bad (water) solvents may be finely regulated by adjustment of composition of the CHP+ water mixtures. The aggregation ability of MWCNTs in dependence on X was discussed. The surface of MWCNT clusters was highly tortuous, its fractal dimension df increased with increase of X, approaching -> 1.9 at X->1. It was concluded that the surface tension is not suitable characteristic for prediction of dispersion ability in the mixture of good and bad solvents. The electrical conductivity data evidenced the presence of a fuzzy-type percolation with multiple thresholds in the systems under investigation. This behavior was explained by formation of different percolation networks in dependence of MWCNT concentration.

  5. Tuning bad metal and non-Fermi liquid behavior in a Mott material: Rare-earth nickelate thin films.

    PubMed

    Mikheev, Evgeny; Hauser, Adam J; Himmetoglu, Burak; Moreno, Nelson E; Janotti, Anderson; Van de Walle, Chris G; Stemmer, Susanne

    2015-11-01

    Resistances that exceed the Mott-Ioffe-Regel limit (known as bad metal behavior) and non-Fermi liquid behavior are ubiquitous features of the normal state of many strongly correlated materials. We establish the conditions that lead to bad metal and non-Fermi liquid phases in NdNiO3, which exhibits a prototype bandwidth-controlled metal-insulator transition. We show that resistance saturation is determined by the magnitude of Ni eg orbital splitting, which can be tuned by strain in epitaxial films, causing the appearance of bad metal behavior under certain conditions. The results shed light on the nature of a crossover to a non-Fermi liquid metal phase and provide a predictive criterion for Anderson localization. They elucidate a seemingly complex phase behavior as a function of film strain and confinement and provide guidelines for orbital engineering and novel devices. PMID:26601140

  6. Tuning bad metal and non-Fermi liquid behavior in a Mott material: Rare-earth nickelate thin films

    PubMed Central

    Mikheev, Evgeny; Hauser, Adam J.; Himmetoglu, Burak; Moreno, Nelson E.; Janotti, Anderson; Van de Walle, Chris G.; Stemmer, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    Resistances that exceed the Mott-Ioffe-Regel limit (known as bad metal behavior) and non-Fermi liquid behavior are ubiquitous features of the normal state of many strongly correlated materials. We establish the conditions that lead to bad metal and non-Fermi liquid phases in NdNiO3, which exhibits a prototype bandwidth-controlled metal-insulator transition. We show that resistance saturation is determined by the magnitude of Ni eg orbital splitting, which can be tuned by strain in epitaxial films, causing the appearance of bad metal behavior under certain conditions. The results shed light on the nature of a crossover to a non-Fermi liquid metal phase and provide a predictive criterion for Anderson localization. They elucidate a seemingly complex phase behavior as a function of film strain and confinement and provide guidelines for orbital engineering and novel devices. PMID:26601140

  7. |Low Graphics version Change edition | |About BBC News Feedback Help News Front Page

    E-print Network

    |Low Graphics version Change edition | |About BBC News Feedback Help News Front Page World UK: "If there's a decision this year, Iter could start operating eight-and-a- half years later. "All machine limbers up 08 Apr 03 | Science/Nature RELATED INTERNET LINKS: Iter Cadarache, France Rokkasho

  8. High Technology News and Information for the Texas News and Events

    E-print Network

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    High Technology News and Information for the Texas Home Mobile News and Events Headlines Events Jobs Members Only Networking Venture Deals Venture Firms Companies People Exits VentureMap PowerSearch FundingSearch Stats Dashboard Satellite Post Jobs About About Contact Us High Tech Events In Texas from

  9. News Archives: One-Stop Shopping, Boutique Hopping and the Specialty News Search Site.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, Nora

    1998-01-01

    Examines options for the researcher who wants to narrow canvassing of Web accessible material to just news-related articles. Discusses scout pages, meta-search pages, and news-only searches from World Wide Web search sites, then notes the benefits and problems for each. (AEF)

  10. ---Home Yahoo! Help My Yahoo! News Home Photo Gallery News via WAP

    E-print Network

    (Channel NewsAsia) - Nov 10, 12:17 am · Hunt on for home-kept tiger, bear (Channel NewsAsia) - Nov 10, 12 10, 12:17 am · U.S. editorial excerpts -5- (Kyodo) - Nov 9, 11:54 pm · Tamil Tigers recruit more than

  11. Daily HD TV News: Helping to Turn You On | Home | News | Blog | Reviews |

    E-print Network

    Rogers, John A.

    not be called LED TV. LED-backlit LCD TVs do differ from conventional LCD TVs. These improvements include· Panasonic TC-P50V10 V10-Series 1080p plasma HDTV · Samsung PS50P96 Plasma Television· Apple TV to featureSearch Daily HD TV News: Helping to Turn You On | Home | News | Blog | Reviews | Sunday 30th

  12. An Exploratory Study of Relationships, News Releases and the News Media.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Covington, William, Jr.; And Others

    News media and public relations professionals have a unique relationship that paradoxically combines both mutual reliance and mutual distrust. An exploratory study utilized symbolic interactionism and in-depth interviewing with news media personnel from four sites (a newspaper, a radio station, a television station, and a university) and a public…

  13. The Virtuous All-News Radio Journalist: Perceptions of News Directors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wulfemeyer, K. Tim; McFadden, Lori L.

    To date, most of the scholarly research and critical articles about ethics in journalism have dealt with newspapers and television rather than with radio. To help fill this gap, a study surveyed a segment of the radio news community to determine some of the attitudes, values, and beliefs of news directors concerning ethics in their workplace.…

  14. When People See News from a Non-Western Perspective: Cable News Network's "World Report."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Robert K.

    Much of what Americans "see" of the world is focused through the prism of the American news media. Broadcast journalists, in particular, provide the images that help shape viewers' ideas of the world. The recent introduction on U.S. television of Cable News Network's (CNN) "World Report" now provides the opportunity for American viewers to watch…

  15. engineering home news home press releases subscribe to e-news Dr. J. C. Chiao

    E-print Network

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    sear engineering home news home press releases subscribe to e-news Dr. J. C. Chiao Pain Management components, to provide additional support for their research to develop pain management systems. Electrical an integrated, low-power, wireless body networking system to address the complex issues in managing chronic pain

  16. http://www.wirenet.org/enews/industry_news/article2.cfm Industry News

    E-print Network

    Kavehrad, Mohsen

    http://www.wirenet.org/enews/industry_news/article2.cfm Industry News Can copper wire match (or top claims that they have developed and simulation tested a copper wire transmission scheme for distributing speeds, some energy penetrates into the other wires and produces crosstalk." The Penn State scheme

  17. 10/24/13 nsf.gov -National Science Foundation (NSF) News -Habitat research methods give a new peek at tiger life with conservation -US National Science Foundat... nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=129355 1/1

    E-print Network

    peek at tiger life with conservation - US National Science Foundat... nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp://www.nsf.gov/news/ For the News Media: http://www.nsf.gov/news/newsroom.jsp Science and Engineering Statistics: http

  18. Media Credibility Reconsidered: Synergy between On-Air and Online News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bucy, Erik P.

    2003-01-01

    Examines the combined effects of on-air and online network news exposure, placing student and adult news consumers in broadcast news, online news, and telewebbing conditions. Indicates that perceptions of network news credibility are affected by channel used. Offers evidence for the existence of a synergy effect between on-air and online news. (PM)

  19. 17 CFR 242.505 - Exclusion for news media.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...-Analyst Certification § 242.505 Exclusion for news media. No provision of this Regulation AC shall apply to any person who: (a) Is the publisher of any bona fide newspaper, news magazine or business...

  20. News from the Second College Grant Dartmouth College Woodlands

    E-print Network

    News from the Second College Grant Dartmouth College Woodlands WINTER 2015 VOLUME 1, ISSUE 8 Insidethisissue: Continued from Cover Pg 2 Volunteers Needed Pg 3 Volunteers Cont. Pg 4 Woodlands News Pg 5

  1. Deciphering Media Stories on Diet: Nutrition in the News

    MedlinePLUS

    ... always tell the whole story. Look at how nutrition news fits into the bigger scientific picture. Science ... Whenever reading or watching a news story on nutrition and health, keep these questions in mind: 1. ...

  2. How much can news shocks account for aggregate fluctuations? 

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Ruomei

    2010-10-06

    Recent studies have highlighted the importance of news shocks in the literature on business cycles, that is, a-priori information that agents receive about future developments in the economy. To examine whether the news ...

  3. Adolescents, Teens and Sex: MedlinePlus Health News Video

    MedlinePLUS

    ... videos/news/Adolescent_113015.html Adolescents, Teens and Sex HealthDay News Video - December 1, 2015 To use ... please enable JavaScript. Play video: Adolescents, Teens and Sex For closed captioning, click the CC button on ...

  4. Measuring the Interestingness of News Articles

    SciTech Connect

    Pon, R K; Cardenas, A F; Buttler, D J

    2007-09-24

    An explosive growth of online news has taken place. Users are inundated with thousands of news articles, only some of which are interesting. A system to filter out uninteresting articles would aid users that need to read and analyze many articles daily, such as financial analysts and government officials. The most obvious approach for reducing the amount of information overload is to learn keywords of interest for a user (Carreira et al., 2004). Although filtering articles based on keywords removes many irrelevant articles, there are still many uninteresting articles that are highly relevant to keyword searches. A relevant article may not be interesting for various reasons, such as the article's age or if it discusses an event that the user has already read about in other articles. Although it has been shown that collaborative filtering can aid in personalized recommendation systems (Wang et al., 2006), a large number of users is needed. In a limited user environment, such as a small group of analysts monitoring news events, collaborative filtering would be ineffective. The definition of what makes an article interesting--or its 'interestingness'--varies from user to user and is continually evolving, calling for adaptable user personalization. Furthermore, due to the nature of news, most articles are uninteresting since many are similar or report events outside the scope of an individual's concerns. There has been much work in news recommendation systems, but none have yet addressed the question of what makes an article interesting.

  5. Science News for the U.S. Hispanic Audience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2008-02-01

    A science and health news service targeted toward the U.S. Hispanic community was launched on 23 January. ConCiencia, billed as the first Spanish-language science newswire service in the United States, provides free weekly news feeds to media targeting the U.S. Hispanic population. The news feeds, available to Spanish-language newspapers and radio stations, include newspaper features, radio segments, and online news content.

  6. Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1988

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1988. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases.

  7. Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1987

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1988-01-01

    This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1987. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases.

  8. Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1986

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1986. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases.

  9. Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1989

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1989. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases.

  10. The good, the bad, and the ugly: a 50-year perspective on the outcome problem.

    PubMed

    Wampold, Bruce E

    2013-03-01

    In the middle of the 20th century, Hans Eysenck reviewed studies of psychotherapy, which consisted primarily of psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, and eclectic treatments, and concluded that psychotherapy (as opposed to behavior therapy) was not effective and was possibly harmful. In the inaugural article in Psychotherapy, Hans Strupp challenged Eysenck's conclusions and discussed how psychotherapy research should progress. Eysenck criticized Strupp's conjectures and Strupp responded. In this article, I discuss progress in psychotherapy research by examining "the good, the bad, and the ugly" aspects of the Eysenck and Strupp interchange. Essentially, Eysenck and Strupp motivated researchers to pursue, with increased sophistication, process and outcome research, but each was defending a theoretical position (behavior therapy and psychodynamic therapy, respectively). Despite the progress, the conjecture at issue continues to be debated today. PMID:23505977

  11. Slug Flow-A Possible Explanation for Hydrogeochemical Earthquake Precursors at Bad Brambach, Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heinicke, J.; Koch, U.

    Extensive hydrogeological, geochemical, radiometric and hydro-isotope investigations in the Vogtland region, Germany, since 1989 suggest a fluid connection between a special epicentral area (focal depth: 3-15 km; ML < 5) and a mineral spring at Bad Brambach. Twenty-six hydrogeochemical anomalies are related to earthquakes/swarmquakes of that epicentral area near Novy Kostel (CZ) during the last 9 years. The anomalies were originated by a slug-flow process in the fluid-filled fracture system near the surface. The gas component of the observed fluid (99 vol. % CO2) is of upper mantle/crustal origin. The fluid transport pathway to the surface is the seismically active Mariánské Lázné fault zone. The interpretation suggests an influence of the fluid system due to earthquake preparation processes.

  12. Origin of Archean anorthosites - Evidence from the Bad Vermilion Lake anorthosite complex, Ontario

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ashwal, L. D.; Morrison, D. A.; Phinney, W. C.; Wood, J.

    1983-01-01

    Studies of the petrology and geochemistry of the anorthosite complex at Bad Vermillion Lake, Canada, based on 400 samples collected in summer, 1979, are presented. Petrographic, microprobe, X-ray-fluorescence, and instrumental-neutron-activation analyses were performed. Major and trace-element abundances of the anorthositic rocks and surrounding mafic and felsic rocks are reported in tables, chondrite-normalized rare-earth-element patterns are shown, and the anorthositic, intrusive, and metavolcanic formations are characterized in detail. The anothrositic plagioclases are found to have a coarse porphyritic texture and calcic composition (80 normative mol percent An) similar to those of other Archean anorthosite complexes. Chemical similarities indicate that the gabbro and mafic to felsic metavolcanic formations associated with the anorthosite complex may be comagmatic with it, while the absence of ultramafic material and the bulk composition of the comagmatic basalt (about 20 wt percent Al2O3) suggest that much of the original comagmatic material has been separated.

  13. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Comparing the Climate Mitigation Potential of Advanced Biofuels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cassidy, E. S.

    2014-12-01

    The federal policy known as the Renewable Fuel Standard mandates that by 2022, 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels will be used in the U.S. fuel supply. So far this policy has resulted in drastically increased production of corn ethanol and only a small amount of advanced fuels. While most corn ethanol plants are not required to achieve a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (when compared to gasoline), advanced biofuels are required to reduce emissions by 50 or 60 percent. But not all fuels that qualify for advanced status according to the Environmental Protection Agency have the same climate mitigation potential. This study ranks advanced fuel pathways approved by the EPA from good, to bad…to worse. Climate mitigation potential of these fuels is compared to previous research and examined using the EPA's modeling framework.

  14. Retired women and volunteering: the good, the bad, and the unrecognized.

    PubMed

    Nesteruk, Olena; Price, Christine A

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examine varied attitudes and practices toward volunteering in later life, as shared by a group of 40 retired women. We categorize women based on their engagement in retirement and label the categories according to societal expectations as follows: traditional volunteers as "good," nonvolunteers as "bad," and caregiving volunteers as "unrecognized." Using critical gerontology and a feminist framework, we juxtapose the lived experiences of retired women with a prevailing discourse on successful aging and civic engagement. We advocate for societal recognition of caregiving as a valuable form of volunteering, as well as the need to respect multiple ways in which older women experience and find meaning in later life. PMID:21534102

  15. The BH3-only protein Bad is dispensable for TNF-mediated cell death

    PubMed Central

    Ottina, E; Sochalska, M; Sgonc, R; Villunger, A

    2015-01-01

    Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a key signaling molecule orchestrating immune and inflammatory responses and possesses the capacity to trigger apoptotic as well as necroptotic cell death. Apoptotic cell death elicited by TNF has been demonstrated to engage pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, most prominently the BH3-only protein Bid, a key substrate of caspase-8, the key effector protease downstream of TNF receptor I. Most recently, the BH3 domain-containing protein Bad (Bcl-2-antagonist of cell death) has been shown to be rate limiting for TNF-mediated cell death, suggesting possible synergy with Bid, but genetic analyses presented here demonstrate that it is dispensable for this process. PMID:25611386

  16. Determination of the blocking temperature of magnetic nanoparticles: The good, the bad, and the ugly

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bruvera, I. J.; Mendoza Zélis, P.; Pilar Calatayud, M.; Goya, G. F.; Sánchez, F. H.

    2015-11-01

    A numerically solved two-level Stoner-Wohlfarth model with thermal agitation is used to simulate Zero Field Cooling (ZFC)-Field Cooling (FC) curves of monosize and polysize samples and to determine the best method for obtaining a representative blocking temperature TB value of polysize samples. The results confirm a technique based on the T derivative of the difference between ZFC and FC curves proposed by Micha et al. (the good) and demonstrate its relation with two alternative methods: the ZFC maximum (the bad) and the inflection point (the ugly). The derivative method is then applied to experimental data, obtaining the TB distribution of a polysize Fe3O4 nanoparticle sample suspended in hexane with an excellent agreement with TEM characterization.

  17. A systematic study of host defense processes in badly injured patients.

    PubMed Central

    Polk, H C; George, C D; Wellhausen, S R; Cost, K; Davidson, P R; Regan, M P; Borzotta, A P

    1986-01-01

    A prospective study of factors predisposing to infection in badly injured patients has disclosed: the dominant roles of two specific parameters: monocyte antigen presenting capacity, and opsonic capacity of diluted serum; the potential value of further assessment of: the predictive value of plots of activated T-cells/total T-cells versus monocyte antigen presenting capacity, the apparent protective effect of the ability to sharply increase specific IgM in response to infection, and the apparent protective effect of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in the first 28 days after injury against major bacterial infection; the lack of value of analysis of other T- and B-cell subsets in such patients; and the need to clarify CMV and transfusion status with respect to interpretation of such data. The specific role of variable transfusion and of specific serum immunoglobulins will require further and more discriminating study. PMID:3019260

  18. Origin of Archean anorthosites - Evidence from the Bad Vermilion Lake anorthosite complex, Ontario

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ashwal, L. D.; Morrison, D. A.; Phinney, W. C.; Wood, J.

    1983-06-01

    Studies of the petrology and geochemistry of the anorthosite complex at Bad Vermillion Lake, Canada, based on 400 samples collected in summer, 1979, are presented. Petrographic, microprobe, X-ray-fluorescence, and instrumental-neutron-activation analyses were performed. Major and trace-element abundances of the anorthositic rocks and surrounding mafic and felsic rocks are reported in tables, chondrite-normalized rare-earth-element patterns are shown, and the anorthositic, intrusive, and metavolcanic formations are characterized in detail. The anothrositic plagioclases are found to have a coarse porphyritic texture and calcic composition (80 normative mol percent An) similar to those of other Archean anorthosite complexes. Chemical similarities indicate that the gabbro and mafic to felsic metavolcanic formations associated with the anorthosite complex may be comagmatic with it, while the absence of ultramafic material and the bulk composition of the comagmatic basalt (about 20 wt percent Al2O3) suggest that much of the original comagmatic material has been separated.

  19. Understanding genistein in cancer: The "good" and the "bad" effects: A review.

    PubMed

    Russo, Maria; Russo, Gian Luigi; Daglia, Maria; Kasi, Pandima Devi; Ravi, Sakthivel; Nabavi, Seyed Fazel; Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad

    2016-04-01

    Nowadays, diet and specific dietary supplements are seen as potential adjuvants to prevent different chronic diseases, including cancer, or to ameliorate pharmacological therapies. Soybean is one of the most important food components in Asian diet. A plethora of evidence supports the in vitro and in vivo anticancer effects of genistein, a soybean isoflavone. Major tumors affected by genistein here reviewed are breast, prostate, colon, liver, ovarian, bladder, gastric, brain cancers, neuroblastoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. However, it is not always clear if and when genistein is beneficial against tumors (the "good" effects), or the opposite, when the same molecule exerts adverse effects (the "bad" effects), favouring cancer cell proliferation. This review will critically evaluate this concept in the light of the different molecular mechanisms of genistein which occur when the molecule is administered at low doses (chemopreventive effects), or at high doses (pharmacological effects). PMID:26593532

  20. Morin, a Flavonoid from Moraceae, Induces Apoptosis by Induction of BAD Protein in Human Leukemic Cells

    PubMed Central

    Park, Cheol; Lee, Won Sup; Go, Se-Il; Nagappan, Arulkumar; Han, Min Ho; Hong, Su Hyun; Kim, Gon Sup; Kim, Gi Young; Kwon, Taeg Kyu; Ryu, Chung Ho; Shin, Sung Chul; Choi, Yung Hyun

    2014-01-01

    Evidence suggests that phytochemicals can safely modulate cancer cell biology and induce apoptosis. Here, we investigated the anti-cancer activity of morin, a flavone originally isolated from members of the Moraceae family in human leukemic cells, focusing on apoptosis. An anti-cancer effect of morin was screened with several human leukemic cell lines. U937 cells were most sensitive to morin, where it induced caspase-dependent apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. It also induced loss of MMP (??m) along with cytochrome c release, down-regulated Bcl-2 protein, and up-regulated BAX proteins. The apoptotic activity of morin was significantly attenuated by Bcl-2 augmentation. In conclusion, morin induced caspase-dependent apoptosis through an intrinsic pathway by upregulating BAD proteins. In addition, Bcl-2 protein expression is also important in morin-induced apoptosis of U937 cells. This study provides evidence that morin might have anticancer properties in human leukemic cells. PMID:25561222