Note: This page contains sample records for the topic banaras hindu university from
While these samples are representative of the content of,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.

``Because it gives me peace of mind'': Functions and meanings of {\\\\it vrat\\\\\\/}s in the religious lives of Hindu women in Banaras  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is an exploration of the meaning and function of vrats (votive fasting rites) among Hindu women in Banaras. While both men and women observe vrats throughout India today, women observe far more of them, at more frequent intervals, and for a wider array of reasons than do men. In general, girls are trained to direct the performance of

Anne Mackenzie Pearson



Managing collection development and organization in globalizing Indian university libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main purpose of the study is to identify the current status of collection development organizational patterns and to make a comparative analysis of collection development organizational patterns of the four central university libraries of Uttar Pradesh (UP) i.e. Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Allahabad University (ALU) and Baba Bhim Rao Ambedkar University (BBRAU). Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Abdul Mannan Khan



Is Banara Really a Word?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bowers, Davis, and Hanley (Bowers, J. S., Davis, C. J., & Hanley, D. A. (2005). "Interfering neighbours: The impact of novel word learning on the identification of visually similar words." "Cognition," 97(3), B45-B54) reported that if participants were trained to type nonwords such as "banara", subsequent semantic categorization responses to…

Qiao, Xiaomei; Forster, Kenneth; Witzel, Naoko



Meeting God: Elements of Hindu Devotion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This companion site to the text Meeting God: Elements of Hindu Devotion by Stephen P. Huyler--an art historian, cultural anthropologist, and photographer--presents images, photographs, and accompanying text concerning Hindu worship. Sections are included on morning prayers, household worship, Hindu community, Hindu temples, ephemeral shrines, processionals, vows and healing, and old age and renunciation. The photographs are often visually stunning and the accompanying text is to-the-point and informative. The site is maintained by the Huntington Archive of Buddhist and Related Art at Ohio State University.


South African Hindu psychologists' perceptions of mental illness.  


Conceptualisations of mental illness are not universally applicable, as culture shapes the expression, perceptions and treatment preferences thereof. By focusing on the perceptions of Hindu psychologists regarding mental illness, this study aimed to provide a deeper understanding of the impact that religious beliefs have on such conceptualisations. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six Hindu psychologists around the Johannesburg area, South Africa. Responses were analysed using thematic content analysis. From the findings, it was evident that religion plays a critical role in the understanding and treatment of mental illness. Hindu beliefs around psychological disturbances were salient. Additionally, it was found that a tension existed between psychologists' awareness of the influential function of religion, particularly amongst collectivistic communities such as the Hindu community, and their occupational understandings and practices, which are deeply rooted in Western thought. Furthermore, it was suggested that the fear of stigma prevented Hindu clients from reaping the benefits of seeking help from culturally competent psychologists. PMID:23054478

Padayachee, Priyanka; Laher, Sumaya



A part of life. The Hindu view.  


A leading social anthropologist and founder of the Center for Advanced Studies in Sociology at Delhi University presents a Hindu view on teachings about birth and population control. The article states that Hinduism accepts the sacred scriptures of the "shruti" whom are respected authorities revealed by God to man and the "smrities" which are divine recollections of revealed truth. Shruti have greater authority, and divine works include the vedas or hymns of the Indo-Aryans to their gods. Dharma shastras are smriti and provide legal opinion on religion and social matters. Learned men interpret these scriptures for the common people. The Hindu scriptures do not mention anything contrary to birth control. Sex is an accepted way of life without prudery. Householdership is said to be one of the universal stages of life. The Kama Sutra, written by Vatsyayana in the early fourth century, and other works digress on the celebration of love. Human lovemaking is celebrated in panels appearing in the Khajuraho temples in Madhya Pradesh and in temple chariots in south India. Ayurvedic medicine and literature on erotics explains many devices for preventing conception. High Hindu castes are reported in this article as placing great emphasis on patrilineage and the need for sons to continue the male line. Adoption or limiting family size to 1-2 children is resorted to when there is no apparent male heir. This emphasis on sons contributes to female infanticide and neglect of daughters. The belief in "karma" or reincarnation was once considered to be antagonistic to the practice of contraception and birth control. Education and literacy have increased the acceptance of modern contraception. Awareness of population growth as a potential problem is prevalent among educated Hindus. The government of Mysore was the first in the world to establish a birth control clinic. The National Planning Committee of the Indian National Congress advocated family planning and birth limiting since 1935. PMID:12345274

Srinivas, M N



Hindu Mythology: Gods, Goddesses and Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit on Hindu mythology is designed to help secondary students see beyond the exotic elements of another culture to the things its people have in common with people in the West: a continuous effort to find a purpose in existence, to explain the unknown, and to define good and bad, right and wrong. Students are asked to analyze Hindu religious…

Ring, Diane M.


Puja: Expressions of Hindu Devotion. Guide for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching packet serves as a unit by itself or as part of preparation unit for a visit to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery to see the exhibition "Puja: Expressions of Hindu Devotion." Focusing on Hindu religious objects found in an art museum, the packet suggests connections between art and world studies themes. In addition, these highly symbolic…

Ridley, Sarah


The gendered imagery and women's leadership of Hindu nationalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike most nationalist movements, which invoke gendered images of women while repudiating their activism, Hindu nationalism has encouraged the emergence of several prominent women leaders. This paper focuses on three of the most powerful women within Hindu nationalism: Vijayraje Scindia, Uma Bharati and Sadhvi Rithambara. Having renounced their own sexuality, these three women have used their religious aura to achieve

Amrita Basu



Equality on Different Terms: The Case of Dutch Hindu Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the authors examine the reasons for the establishment of Hindu schools in the Netherlands and how the Dutch system of education facilitates these and other voluntarily separate schools. In particular, the authors explore the manner in which Hindu schools aim to cultivate and sustain attachments to their own group through a…

Merry, Michael S.; Driessen, Geert



Modeling Wildfire Hazard in the Western Hindu Kush-Himalayas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wildfire regimes are a leading driver of global environmental change affecting a diverse array of global ecosystems. Particulates and aerosols produced by wildfires are a primary source of air pollution making the early detection and monitoring of wildfires crucial. The objectives of this study were to model regional wildfire potential and identify environmental, topological, and sociological factors that contribute to the ignition of wildfire events in the Western Hindu Kush-Himalayas of South Asia. The environmental, topological, and sociological factors were used to model regional wildfire potential through multi-criteria evaluation using a method of weighted linear combination. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and geographic information systems (GIS) data were integrated to analyze regional wildfires and construct the model. Model validation was performed using a holdout cross validation method. The study produced a significant model of wildfire potential in the Western Hindu Kush-Himalayas.; Western Hindu Kush-Himalayas ; Western Hindu Kush-Himalayas Wildfire Potential

Bylow, D.



Lower income Hindu women's attitude towards abortion: a case study in urban India.  


After a brief discussion of Hindu views on abortion as reflected in classical Hindu philosophical and religious texts, this article examines, from an interdisciplinary perspective, current social attitudes towards abortion among lower-income Hindu women in Calcutta and attempts to identify the reasons for the striking disparity between traditional and modern Hindu views. Does Hindu dharma have the regulatory power it wielded in the past? What accounts for the changing face of mores in urban centers like Calcutta? These and related issues are the focus of this essay. PMID:15468499

Madhok, Bindu; Raj, Selva J



The Clash Within: Democracy and the Hindu Right  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gujarat pogrom of 2002 is evidence of a profound crisis in India's democracy. Samuel P. Huntington's influential thesis of the 'clash of civilizations,' according to which the world is torn between democratic western values and threatening Islamic values, gives no help in explaining the situation, since the threatening values of the Hindu Right derive largely from European origins and

Martha Nussbaum



A Resource Guide for Teachers of Hindu Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on Hinduism, India, and Indian literature, this course guide offers help in organizing a course or units of instruction. The guide contains a historical outline of the evolution of Hinduism over a period of 3,000 years; a glossary listing terms in the guide and in Hindu literature; five courses of different time lengths (the literature of…

Meehan, John L., Ed.; And Others



PubMed Central

This is a report of the clinical trial done on some patients of amoebic colitis with the Ayurvedic medicines like AMRATAKA (Spondias pinnata Linn f Kurz) and PARNAVEEJA (Bryophyllum pinnatum Lam. Kurz) and Dasamoola Ksheera Paka vasti in the department of Kayachikitsa, Institute of medical sciences, Banaras Hindu University.

Tripathy, Ajay Kumar; Kar, Ankul Chandra; Tewari, S.K.



Effects of ayurvedic treatment on amoebic colitis.  


This is a report of the clinical trial done on some patients of amoebic colitis with the Ayurvedic medicines like AMRATAKA (Spondias pinnata Linn f Kurz) and PARNAVEEJA (Bryophyllum pinnatum Lam. Kurz) and Dasamoola Ksheera Paka vasti in the department of Kayachikitsa, Institute of medical sciences, Banaras Hindu University. PMID:22556817

Tripathy, A K; Kar, A C; Tewari, S K



'World religions' and 'ethnic groups': do these paradigms lend themselves to the cause of Hindu nationalism?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article explores the assumptions underlying common academic usage of the terms ‘Hindu’ and ‘Hinduism’ in Britain. It argues that this body of discourse is consonant with the radical claims of right-wing Hindu nationalists. This is a consequence of the influence of the phenomenological approach in Religious Studies and of the Durkheimian strand in anthropology. A tendency to focus on

Mary Searle-Chatterjee



Low flows in the Middle Mountain watersheds of the Hindu-Kush Himalayas (HKH)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the middle mountain areas of the Hindu-Kush Himalayan region population growth is rapid. Agricultural intensification is also getting high and more water is needed for increased crop productions. Shortages of water for irrigation followed by drinking were found to be the major issues in the areas of middle mountain region of Hindu-Kush Himalayan region. During the monsoon season there

Bhawani S. Dongol; Madhav P. Dhakal; Pradeep M. Dangol; Juerg Merz; Basant K. Joshi; Mohammad Jehangir; Suhail Zokaib; Gao Fu; Xing Ma


`PHYSIOLOGICAL PATRIOTS'?The Politics of Physical Culture and Hindu Nationalism in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade, there has been a resurgence of Hindu nationalism in India. The most influential protagonist in this movement is the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a uniformed male voluntary organization committed to the creation of a strong Hindu state. From primary research conducted on training programmes of the RSS in India during 1998, it was found that a

Ian McDonald



Modeling wildfire hazard in the western Hindu Kush-Himalayas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wildfire regimes are a leading driver of global environmental change affecting diverse ecosystems across the planet. The objectives of this study was to model regional wildfire potential and identify environmental, topological, and sociological factors that contribute to the ignition of regional wildfire events in the Western Hindu Kush-Himalayas. The environmental, topological, and sociological factors were used to model regional wildfire potential through multi-criteria evaluation using a method of weighted linear combination. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and geographic information systems (GIS) data were integrated to identify regional wildfire factors. Point pattern and inferential statistical analysis were used to analyze regional wildfire activity and evaluate the factors selected for the model.

Braun, Christopher


Stories of Krishna: The Adventures of a Hindu God  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To complement its current exhibition, Intimate Worlds: Masterpieces of Indian Painting, on view through September 7, 2003, the Seattle Art Museum (SAM) presents Stories of Krishna. Appropriately, Intimate Worlds (the title of the larger exhibition) appears as the window title when the Web exhibition opens in its own reduced window on your computer screen. The audio intro explains the function of these small, richly detailed images from 14th through 19th century India; these "playful paintings" were to be enjoyed at leisure, offering both serious and amusing glimpses of courtly life, romantic encounters, and tales of Hindu gods. The Web exhibition is an example of the last category, telling stories of Krishna (an incarnation of the God Vishnu), from birth through his many adventures.


'The history of hindu chemistry' a critical review.  


'The History of Hindu Chemistry' is one of the rare, important books published in twentieth century. Sir Prafulla Chandra Ray, the author of this book, who was a chemist by profession, has contributed greatly to the field of Rasashastra in his own style. The book in two volumes is in English and has achieved international recognition. The work became the cause of enlightening people specially, the Westerners about Indian Alchemy which, they were till then unaware of. In a way, 'globalization' of the concepts of Rasashastra has its starting point in the works of Sir P.C.Ray. The author has touched almost every area of Rasashastra of course, from the standpoint of modern Chemistry. A critical analysis of his contributions, the narration of the contents of the book are detailed in the paper. PMID:22557428

Harsha, N M; Nagaraja, T N



Neotectonic inversion of the Hindu Kush-Pamir mountain region  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Hindu Kush-Pamir region of southern Asia is one of Earth's most rapidly deforming regions and it is poorly understood. This study develops a kinematic model based on active faulting in this part of the Trans-Himalayan orogenic belt. Previous studies have described north-verging thrust faults and some strike-slip faults, reflected in the northward-convex geomorphologic and structural grain of the Pamir Mountains. However, this structural analysis suggests that contemporary tectonics are changing the style of deformation from north-verging thrusts formed during the initial contraction of the Himalayan orogeny to south-verging thrusts and a series of northwest-trending, dextral strike-slip faults in the modern transpressional regime. These northwest-trending fault zones are linked to the major right-lateral Karakoram fault, located to the east, as synthetic, conjugate shears that form a right-stepping en echelon pattern. Northwest-trending lineaments with dextral displacements extend continuously westward across the Hindu Kush-Pamir region indicating a pattern of systematic shearing of multiple blocks to the northwest as the deformation effects from Indian plate collision expands to the north-northwest. Locally, east-northeast- and northwest-trending faults display sinistral and dextral displacement, respectively, yielding conjugate shear pairs developed in a northwest-southeast compressional stress field. Geodetic measurements and focal mechanisms from historical seismicity support these surficial, tectono-morphic observations. The conjugate shear pairs may be structurally linked subsidiary faults and co-seismically slip during single large magnitude (> M7) earthquakes that occur on major south-verging thrust faults. This kinematic model provides a potential context for prehistoric, historic, and future patterns of faulting and earthquakes.

Ruleman, C. A.



Contradictions in consciousness or variations in tradition: Hindu women in the South African diaspora.  


The introductory section of this paper reviews previous studies of the Indian diaspora to show their lack of attention to gender issues. While ideals of Hindu fundamentalism and social conditions imposed by caste are unlikely to be recreated in South Africa, it is proposed that Hindu women in South Africa are custodians of Hindu values. The paper goes on to present a brief history of middle and upper-class Hindu women in South Africa to place them within the context of the Indian diaspora. After describing the fieldwork and methodology (data were gathered from extensive interviews with 20 women representing the four major linguistic groups currently living in Durban), some of the distinctive characteristics of women's experiences and the problems these present because they are either contradictions or variations of conditions in India are discussed. The study then demonstrates that the individual choices made by the women are inconsistent with the apartheid notions of unambiguous social boundaries and also challenge the opposing Marxist perspective that ethnic consciousness is false. It is concluded that cultural adornments and self-imposed limitations on travel and socialization publicize status and ethnic identity and continuity with tradition. Hindu women in South Africa emphasize this continuity through personal beliefs or through the way they present themselves in public. PMID:12292073

Singh, A



Hindu Responses to Darwinism: Assimilation and Rejection in a Colonial and Post-Colonial Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hindu responses to Darwinism, like Christian, have run the gamut from outright rejection to fairly robust but limited accommodations of the Darwinian perspective. Despite certain features of Hindu thought such as the enormous time-scales of traditional cosmogonies that may suggest considerable affinity with modern notions of organic evolution, more often than not traditional assumptions have worked against deep engagement with Darwinism, allowing only for superficial assimilation at best. Three fundamental factors have affected Hindu responses to Darwinism: the great diversity within the tradition spanning evolutionist and creationist perspectives, the encounter with Darwinism in the late nineteenth century as part of an alien culture, and the fact that this encounter occurred within a colonial context. This essay explores the complex interactions of these three factors, beginning with the diversity within the ancient and classical cosmological traditions, followed by consideration of colonial developments and the emergence of four representative Hindu approaches to Darwinism: Modern Vedic Evolutionism, Anthropic Vedic Evolutionism, Reactionary Vedic Evolutionism, and Modern Vedic Creationism. The essay concludes by discussing various epistemological issues in the attempts of modern Hindu apologists to legitimize Vedic world views. These issues include the appeal to modern science to confirm traditional ideals and values, while simultaneously subordinating scientific method to spiritual means of knowledge, or rejecting scientific methodology with its inbuilt skepticism entirely.

MacKenzie Brown, C.



Glacier Change Detection in the Hindu Kush of Afghanistan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A half century of intermittently collected cryospheric and hydrologic data in Afghanistan has involved diverse field surveys, aerial photography, and satellite imagery that enable change detection in the war-torn, drought-stricken region. Afghanistan relies heavily upon snow-and ice-melt for vital irrigation and ground-water recharge, yet the past two decades of war have only exacerbated the originally already deficient information collection and analysis of such data. Glacier field studies and base-line inventory work initiated in the pre-war 1960-1970 period are now providing limited change detection information for the vital physical analysis necessary in the reconstruction of the country. Five case study areas were selected for renewed assessment over the intervening half century, from the western-most ice masses of the Koh-i-Foladi region in central Afghanistan, through the Mir Samir and Sakhi regions of the central Hindu Kush, to the Keshnikhan and Pamir areas of the Wakhan Corridor. Certain incompatibilities or ambiguities exist between Soviet-era and Western-derived data sets. In general, however, glaciers of Afghanistan are continuing to downwaste and retreat, with smaller ice masses disappearing altogether, presumably as the climatic snowline continues to rise above the peaks, a trend first noticed in the 1960s. Glacier survival in the lower central areas is now in part determined by topographic shielding from solar radiation high in shadowed cirques, or being preserved beneath increasing debris covers, whereas in the higher regions to the northeast, fewer changes to the larger, higher altitude glaciers are apparent. Renewed assessment of all Afghanistan glaciers is now underway as a part of the USGS- and NASA-supported GLIMS (Global Land-Ice Measurements from Space) project, and is viewed as an important element in the primary geodata collection and hazard assessment necessary for aiding in rebuilding the infrastructure of the beleaguered nation.

Shroder, J. F.; Bishop, M. P.



North Indian Muslims: enclaves of foreign DNA or Hindu converts?  


The mtDNA composition of two Muslim sects from the northern Indian province of Uttar Pradesh, the Sunni and Shia, have been delineated using sequence information from hypervariable regions 1 and 2 (HVI and HVII, respectively) as well as coding region polymorphisms. A comparison of this data to that from Middle Eastern, Central Asian, North East African, and other Indian groups reveals that, at the mtDNA haplogroup level, both of these Indo-Sunni and Indo-Shia populations are more similar to each other and other Indian groups than to those from the other regions. In addition, these two Muslim sects exhibit a conspicuous absence of West Asian mtDNA haplogroups suggesting that their maternal lineages are of Indian origin. Furthermore, it is noteworthy that the maternal lineage data indicates differences between the Sunni and Shia collections of Uttar Pradesh with respect to the relative distributions of Indian-specific M sub-haplogroups (Indo Shia > Indo Sunni) and the R haplogroup (Indo Sunni > Indo Shia), a disparity that does not appear to be related to social status or geographic regions within India. Finally, the mtDNA data integrated with the Y-chromosome results from an earlier study, which indicated a major Indian genetic (Y-chromosomal) contribution as well, suggests a scenario of Hindu to Islamic conversion in these two populations. However, given the substantial level of the African/Middle Eastern YAP lineage in the Indo-Shia versus its absence in the Indo-Sunni, it is likely that this conversion was somewhat gender biased in favor of females in the Indo-Shia. PMID:17427927

Terreros, Maria C; Rowold, Diane; Luis, Javier R; Khan, Faisal; Agrawal, Suraksha; Herrera, Rene J



Directional migration in the Hindu castes: inferences from mitochondrial, autosomal and Y-chromosomal data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic, ethnographic, and historical evidence suggests that the Hindu castes have been highly endogamous for several thousand years and that, when movement between castes does occur, it typically consists of females joining castes of higher social status. However, little is known about migration rates in these populations or the extent to which migration occurs between caste groups of low, middle, and

Stephen Wooding; Christopher Ostler; B. V. Ravi Prasad; W. Scott Watkins; Sandy Sung; Mike Bamshad; Lynn B. Jorde



Microearthquake seismicity and fault plane solutions in the Hindu Kush region and their tectonic implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of the Hindu Kush intermediate seismic zone was studied in two microearthquake investigations in 1976 and 1977. By testing several sources of uncertainty the precision of about 600 earthquake locations was estimated to be about 5 km in epicenter and 10 km in depth. Projections of the earthquake locations from several perspectives reveal several regions of aseismicity as

J. L. Chatelain; S. W. Roecker; D. Hatzfeld; P. Molnar



Partitioning of India-Eurasia convergence in the Pamir-Hindu Kush from GPS measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Convergence of 29 ± 1 mm\\/yr between the NW corner of the Indian plate and Asia is accommodated by a combination of thrust and strike-slip faulting on prominent faults and apparent distributed deformation within the Hindu Kush, Pamir, South Tien Shan and Kohistan Ranges. An upper bound to the slip rate of known faults is obtained by ignoring distributed strain

S. Mohadjer; R. Bendick; A. Ischuk; S. Kuzikov; A. Kostuk; U. Saydullaev; S. Lodi; D. M. Kakar; A. Wasy; M. A. Khan; P. Molnar; R. Bilham; A. V. Zubovich



The Adhi Parasakthi Temple Society of Canada: A Sri Lankan Tamil Hindu community in Toronto  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis on the Adhi Parasakthi Temple Society of Canada examines the ways in which religious traditions are (re)constructed and (re)presented in diaspora. The Adhi Parasakthi Temple Society is a predominantly Sri Lankan Tamil Hindu community in Toronto. The local community is part of the larger transnational Adhi Parasakthi organization (Om Sakthi) dedicated to the worship of the Goddess Sakthi

Nanette R Spina



Magmatism and metamorphism linked to the accretion of continental blocks south of the Hindu Kush, Afghanistan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metamorphic basement rocks in the southern part of the Western Hindu Kush at contact with the Kabul and Helmand crustal blocks were investigated to elucidate pressure-temperature variation and relative time relations among different metamorphic rocks. The rocks are represented by Proterozoic amphibolite facies para-/orthogneisses and migmatites with low-grade Paleozoic volcano-sedimentary sequences. Major- and trace-element geochemistry from two orthogneiss bodies and geochronological data, including new SHRIMP analyses on zircon from one of these bodies shows that they are derived from granitic rocks that related to two different magmatic arcs of Triassic and Cretaceous ages. The Triassic granites are common in the Western Hindu Kush where they intrude basement units; the Cretaceous granitic belt crosses the Afghan Central blocks south of the Hindu Kush Mountains. Three different metamorphic events have been distinguished in the southern part of Western Hindu Kush. Based on an unconformity between basement units and Carboniferous cover sequences, the first two amphibolite and greenschist facies metamorphic events are Proterozoic and Pre-Carboniferous in age respectively. The third metamorphism was recognized in Triassic and Cretaceous granitic rocks near to contact with the Kabul Block. It is of Eocene age and reached medium pressure amphibolite facies conditions. This event is genetically linked to the collision of India and Eurasia which produced a series of trans-Afghan Central block magmatic arcs and crustal scale deformation.

Faryad, Shah Wali; Collett, Stephen; Petterson, Mike; Sergeev, Sergey A.



Death Beliefs and Practices from an Asian Indian American Hindu Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to explore Asian Indian American Hindu (AIAH) cultural views related to death and dying. Three focus group interviews were conducted with AIAH persons living in the southern region of United States. The focus group consisted of senior citizens, middle-aged adults, and young adults. Both open-ended and semistructured…

Gupta, Rashmi



Defending Hindu Tradition: Sanatana Dharma as a Symbol of Orthodoxy in Colonial India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounts of social and religious reform and of Hindu revivalism in late nineteenth-century India refer consistently to the idea of sanatana dharma as an indicator of ‘orthodox’ resistance to change in the context of a modernising religion. This article questions this presentation of sanatana dharma as an unmediated reactionary force. It argues that sanatana dharma as orthodoxy in fact emerged

John Zavos



Who Is to Blame? Rape of Hindu-Muslim Women in Interethnic Violence in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined attitudes that predict rape blame in contexts of interethnic violence between minority Muslims and dominant Hindu communities in Mumbai, India. I hypothesized that, in contexts of interethnic violence, prejudicial attitudes toward communities and attitudes that view rape as a conflict tool (i.e., an effective strategy to…

Murthi, Meera



Seismic Anisotropy and Mantle Deformation beneath the Hindu Kush-Pamir Mountains and the Tadjik Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the goal of measuring seismic anisotropy and understanding mantle deformation at the western edge of the India-Eurasia collision zone, we measured shear-wave splitting in local S and teleseismic SKS/SKKS phases recorded by six stations of the Tajikistan National Seismic Network distributed in the Hindu Kush and Pamir mountains and the Tadjik Basin, which lies to their west. The Hindu Kush/Pamir seismic zone, with hypocenters as deep as 280 km, offers an unusual opportunity to resolve the distribution of anisotropy with depth using shear-wave splitting in a continental interior. Local S splitting times from earthquakes at depths of 90 to 268 km range from 0.13-0.62 s with an average of 0.32 s. Local S fast polarizations from phases that sample the mantle beneath the Hindu Kush mountains are aligned predominantly 45 - 60 E of N, roughly parallel to the strike of the mountains. In contrast, local S phases sampling the Tadjik Basin west of the Hindu Kush, produce fast polarizations at 90 - 150 degrees E of N. Teleseismic phase delay times are larger, ranging from 0.7-2.1 s. Teleseismic fast polarizations are 60 - 80 degrees E of N, except at the westernmost station in the Tadjik Basin where fast polarizations are 0 - 30 degrees E of N. Prior tomography studies indicate that local S paths primarily sample lithosphere. Local S polarizations for paths in Hindu Kush lithosphere are consistent with olivine lattice preferred orientation produced by upper plate compression due to India-Eurasia convergence. Local S fast polarizations from paths in Tadjik Basin lithosphere suggest a rotation of the orientation of lithospheric deformation between this region and the Hindu Kush, and they are not obviously consistent with the direction of recent shortening in the basin. Differences between teleseismic and local S splitting measurements are evidence for significant anisotropy in the asthenosphere and deep lithosphere. SKS/SKKS fast polarizations are in general consistent with the orientation of asthenospheric shear that would be predicted by plate motion in a no-net rotation reference frame. However, the more northerly teleseismic fast polarizations in the western Tadjik Basin suggest either a rotation in asthenospheric flow or very strong lithospheric anisotropy with north-oriented olivine a-axes.

West, J. M.; Fischer, K. M.; MacDougall, J.



Chigger mites (Acari, Trombiculidae) parasitizing small mammals in the Eastern Hindu Kush and some other Afghan areas.  


Chigger mites of Afghanistan were studied on the base of collections made in Eastern and Central Hindu Kush, Kabul, and some other localities. Fifteen chigger species parasitizing nine species of Rodentia, two species of Lagomorpha, and one species of Soricomorpha were found, including 13 species which were not previously recorded in Afghanistan. Eco-geographical variability is observed in Shunsennia oudemansi: Individuals of this species from high-mountain localities of Eastern Hindu Kush are characterized by larger values of most morphometric characters than the specimens collected in Kabul. Vertical and horizontal distribution of chiggers and chigger-host relationships in Eastern Hindu Kush is discussed. Comparison of our data with that on chigger fauna in the region of Tirich Mir clearly demonstrates the role of the Eastern Hindu Kush main ridge as a border between different chigger faunas. PMID:20737277

Daniel, Milan; Stekolnikov, Alexandr A; Hakimitabar, Masoud; Saboori, Alireza



Contrasted evolution of glacial lakes along the Hindu Kush Himalaya mountain range between 1990 and 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we present a first regional assessment of glacial lake distribution and evolution in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH). Seven sites have been selected between Bhutan and Afghanistan, to capture the climatic variability along the 2000-km long mountain range. For each site, glacial lakes have been mapped with LANDSAT satellite imagery acquired in 1990, 2000 and 2009, using an automatic classification. In the East (India, Nepal and Bhutan), glacial lakes are bigger and more numerous than in the West (Pakistan, Afghanistan), and have grown continuously between 1990 and 2009 by 20% to 65%. On the other hand, during the same period, the glacial lake coverage has shrunk in the Hindu Kush (-50%) and the Karakorum (-30%). This east/west pattern of lake changes seems in agreement with sparse glaciological measurements that suggest less (or even no) ice loss in the western part of the HKH.

Gardelle, Julie; Arnaud, Yves; Berthier, Etienne




Microsoft Academic Search

The arrival times of compressional (P) and shear (S) waves from approximately 580 microearthquakes recorded by a temporary array in the Pamir-Hindu Kush region in central Asia are used to deduce one- and three-dimensional velocity structures of this region. The results for one-dimensional structures imply that the Moho is at 70 ñ 5 depth. Also, there is a velocity reversal

S. W. Roecker



Experiences in Sport, Physical Activity, and Physical Education Among Christian, Buddhist, and Hindu Asian Adolescent Girls  

PubMed Central

Multicultural scholarship in sport and exercise psychology should help us understand and apply cultural competencies for all to be physically active. In the present study, two Asian countries, Japan and Singapore, were chosen. The participation rate for physical activities among adolescent girls tends to be lower than that of boys in both countries. Thus, the purpose of the project was to gain knowledge and understanding about sociocultural factors that may explain adolescent girls' perceptions and behaviors toward sport, physical activity, and physical education (PE). A qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews with focus groups was used to understand meanings of physical activity among Buddhist Japanese, and Hindu Indians and Christian Chinese from Singapore. Each focus group consisted of four or five girls and female researchers. Based on the analysis, we created four themes which were "cultural identities," "Asian girls and sport/physical activities," "PE experiences," "motivation for future involvement." The Buddhist Japanese, Hindu Indian, and Christian Chinese participants each reported unique physical activity experiences, and all the participants were aware of how Asian culture may affect being physically active. Experiences of PE classes were similar but perceptions of their PE attire were different for Christian Chinese and Hindu Indian adolescent girls. Based on the results, the importance of nurturing cultural competencies and ways to encourage girls to be physically active throughout life were discussed.

Kodani, Iku; Gupta, Nidhi; Gill, Diane L.



Hindu-Muslim differentials in fertility and population growth in India: role of proximate variables.  


In India, Hindu and Muslim differentials in fertility were examined using census data and the findings of 11 surveys. An explanation of the fertility differences was offered. The proportion of Muslims in the population increased and the proportion of Hindus decreased, both before and after partition of the country. After partition, and between 1951-71, the proportion of Muslims increased from 9.9%-11.2% while the proportion of Hindus decreased from 84.9%-82.7%. An examination of mortality and migration data suggests that these proportional changes cannot be attributed to differences in migration or mortality; therefore, they must be due to differences in fertility. Census and survey data provide considerable evidence that fertility is higher among Muslims than among Hindus. According to the 1971 census data, the total marital fertility rate for Muslim women was 11% higher in urban areas and 20% higher in rural areas than the rate for Hindus. Even when education was controlled, the Muslim rate remained higher. The findings of 11 demographic surveys consistently revealed higher fertility rates for Muslims compared to Hindus. Several studies demonstrated that these differences narrowed but remained significant when education and socioeconomic factors were controlled. Investigators generally offer 1 of 3 hypotheses to explain the differences. The 1st hypothesis attributes the fertility differences to differences in the background or socioeconomic characteristics of the 2 populations. This explanation is not supported by studies which have introduced socioeconomic controls. The 2nd hypothesis states that minority status itself is a sufficient cause of high fertility. There is considerable evidence with which to refute this hypothesis. For example, in predominantly Muslim countries, Hindu minorities tend to have lower fertility than Muslims. The 3rd hypothesis attributed the fertility differences to religious beliefs concerning reproduction. Both Islam and Hinduism are pronatalist religions; however, the 2 religions differ in regard to their beliefs concerning marriage, reproductive behavior, and fertility control, and these differences may have a different impact on the intermediate variables which influence fertility. These intermediate variables include age at marriage, marriage stability, and contraceptive use. For example, Islamic beliefs, in contrast to Hindu beliefs, support polygamy, allow for easy divorce in case of infertility, and allow widows to remarry. These beliefs tend to increase exposure to the risk of pregnancy for Muslim women. Hindu women are more likely than Muslim women to return to their family of orientation for a period of time following the birth of their 1st and 2nd children, and this practice reduces exposure to the risk of pregnancy for Hindu women. Muslim women are also less receptive to family planning than Hindu women. A national survey indicated that 17% of Hindu women compared to 13% of Muslim women ever used contraception. Sterilization rates are also higher among Hindus than among Muslims. As the modernization process unfolds in India, the impact of religious beliefs on the intermediate variables will decrease, and religious differentials in fertility will decline. PMID:12340174

Balasubramanian, K



Climate change implications for the glaciers of the Hindu Kush, Karakoram and Himalayan region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and Himalaya (HKH) region has a negative average glacial mass balance for the present day despite anomalous possible gains in the Karakoram. However, changes in climate over the 21st century may influence the mass balance across the HKH. This study uses regional climate modelling to analyse the implications of unmitigated climate change on precipitation, snowfall, air temperature and accumulated positive degree days for the Hindu Kush (HK), Karakoram (KK), Jammu-Kashmir (JK), Himachal Pradesh and West Nepal regions (HP), and East Nepal and Bhutan (NB). The analysis focuses on the climate drivers of change rather than the glaciological response. Presented is a complex regional pattern of climate change, with a possible increase in snowfall over the western HKH and decreases in the east. Accumulated degree days are less spatially variable than precipitation and show an increase in potential ablation in all regions combined with increases in the length of the seasonal melt period. From the projected change in regional climate the possible implications for future glacier mass balance are inferred. Overall, within the modelling framework used here the eastern Himalayan glaciers (Nepal-Bhutan) are the most vulnerable to climate change due to the decreased snowfall and increased ablation associated with warming. The eastern glaciers are therefore projected to decline over the 21st Century despite increasing precipitation. The western glaciers (Hindu Kush, Karakoram) are expected to decline at a slower rate over the 21st century in response to unmitigated climate compared to the glaciers of the east. Importantly, regional climate change is highly uncertain, especially in important cryospheric drivers such as snowfall timing and amounts, which are poorly constrained by observations. Data are available from the author on request.

Wiltshire, A. J.



Vitamin D deficiency in adult British Hindu Asians: a family disorder.  

PubMed Central

The vitamin D state of 60 apparently healthy adult Hindu Asian couples living in Britain was studied on a community basis. Twenty six (22%) of the Asian subjects had pronounced vitamin D deficiency, defined as 25-hydroxycholecalciferol concentrations below 10 nmol/l (4 ng/ml), while none of the white controls had such low concentrations. Asian men and women were equally affected, and plasma concentrations were similar in husbands and wives. Vitamin supplements were being taken by only 31 (26%) subjects, most of whom were women. It is suggested that the spouses of patients with osteomalacia should be screened for vitamin D deficiency.

Shaunak, S; Colston, K; Ang, L; Patel, S P; Maxwell, J D



CO-MANAGEMENT OF RANGELAND RESOURCES IN THE HINDU KUSH-HIMALAYAN REGION Nurturing the Ecopolitics for Food Sovereignty, Environment Security, Development, Peace and Sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of the socio-economic, cultural and political problems the South Asian Region, including SAARC countries, is currently facing emanate from the ecological crises looming large on the Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) Region. Extending into the boundaries of eight Asian countries - viz., Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar - the mountain chain of the Hindu Kush- Himalayas contributes

Vir Singh


Harshita K. Mruthinti - Dancing the Divine Female: Diasporic Women's Encounters with the Hindu Goddess through Indian Classical Dance - Journal of Asian American Studies 9:3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the American diasporic context, the significance of the Hindu Goddess takes on new interpretative meanings for both Indian females and western feminists interested in the female divine; these women interact with the Goddess through an array of diverse practices and discourses, which in turn shape their own religious identities. This article observes the variety of perspectives on the Hindu

Harshita K. Mruthinti


Partitioning of India-Eurasia convergence in the Pamir-Hindu Kush from GPS measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Convergence of 29 ± 1 mm/yr between the NW corner of the Indian plate and Asia is accommodated by a combination of thrust and strike-slip faulting on prominent faults and apparent distributed deformation within the Hindu Kush, Pamir, South Tien Shan and Kohistan Ranges. An upper bound to the slip rate of known faults is obtained by ignoring distributed strain and rotation: convergence occurs on thrust faults north of the Peshawar Basin (13 ± 1 mm/yr) and in the Alai-South Tien Shan (12 ± 2 mm/yr), and shear on the northeast-trending northern Chaman-Gardiz-Konar system (18 ± 1mm/yr) and the Darvaz-Karakul fault zone (11 ± 2 mm/yr). Slip rates on the Herat and Talas-Ferghana faults are small (<2 mm/yr). Shortening not attributable to known active faults occurs within the Hindu Kush and central Pamir (16 ± 2 mm/yr) with concomitant east-west extension in the latter of 9 ± 2 mm/yr. This diversity of strain styles confirms the importance of mechanical heterogeneity to continental tectonics and shows that the Pamir, although less than half the size, behaves more like Tibet than like a linear belt of localized deformation.

Mohadjer, S.; Bendick, R.; Ischuk, A.; Kuzikov, S.; Kostuk, A.; Saydullaev, U.; Lodi, S.; Kakar, D. M.; Wasy, A.; Khan, M. A.; Molnar, P.; Bilham, R.; Zubovich, A. V.



Caste and maternal health care service use among rural Hindu women in Maitha, Uttar Pradesh, India.  


The objective of this study was to examine the association between caste and maternal health care service use among rural Hindu women in India. We analyzed data from the Morbidity and Performance Assessment, a population-based cross-sectional study, for 482 Hindu women who were pregnant during January 1998 to January 1999 in Maitha, Uttar Pradesh, India. Maternal health care service use among both upper and lower caste women was very low. Upper caste women were almost three times more likely to use antenatal care (odds ratio [OR] = 2.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.40-5.30), tetanus toxoid (OR = 2.50; 95% CI, 1.48-4.21), and contraceptives (OR = 2.66; 95% CI, 1.28-5.54) and almost five times (OR = 4.77; 95% CI, 1.81-12.54) more likely to have a trained birth attendant compared to the lower caste women. Caste was a significant determinant of tetanus toxoid use and trained birth attendant even after adjusting for sociodemographic factors. Besides caste, maternal literacy was the one sociodemographic factor that was significantly associated with the use of all maternal health care services. Information dissemination and awareness generation can improve the use of subsidized maternal health care services among women of all caste groups. PMID:18761290

Saroha, Ekta; Altarac, Maja; Sibley, Lynn M



Principles of cultural psychology and the Hindu avatar tradition: A study of Mother Meera through personal narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using principles from cultural psychology, we describe and analyse the senior author's experience of dissonance while visiting Mother Meera, a contemporary Hindu avatara, in order to receive her darshan, the blessing derived from the gaze of a self-realised person. Feelings of love and acceptance were contrasted with the disturbing feelings evinced by the exclusion of emotionally disturbed and physically handicapped

Christopher Ross; Lauren Price



Talking ‘gender superiority’ in virtual spaces: web?based discourses of Hindu student groups in the US and UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the public assertion of gendered ethno?religious identities on the websites of Hindu student groups (HSGs) in the South Asian Diaspora in the USA and UK. HSGs are a part of a larger phenomenon of individuals and organizations engaged in creating and promoting ethnicities in virtual spaces. In this paper we focus particularly on the HSGs deployment

Anjana Narayan; Bandana Purkayastha



Incorporation of Local Knowledge Systems into Watershed Planning in Adaptation to Climate Change in the Hindu-Kush Himalayas  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the people living in the remote and inaccessible mountainous region of the Hindu- Kush Himalayas, year-round availability of water is a major problem. Over the last few decades, development interventions have ignored the water needs of mountain communities, their traditional institutions and indigenous knowledge of water management. This has contributed to stagnant food production in the face of increasing

Yin Lun



Once in Contact, Always in Contact: Contagious Essence and Conceptions of Purification in American and Hindu Indian Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural and age differences in responses to contamination and conceptions of purification were examined in Hindu Indian (N = 125) and American (N = 106) 4- to 5-year-olds and 8-year-olds, who were provided with stories of juice contaminated by contact with a cockroach, a human hair, and a stranger (via sipping). Children who rejected the juice as…

Hejmadi, Ahalya; Rozin, Paul; Siegal, Michael



Corresponding Values and Colonising Discourses: Situating "Hindu Children" and Their Values in Relation to Hegemonic Norwegian Discourses about Religious Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the relationship between values expressed by "Hindu children" in Norway and hegemonic "Norwegian values". The discussion is based on interviews with children from the Indian Punjabi and the Sri Lankan Tamil traditions and on observations in religious education (RE) lessons. The children emphasise the culture of their…

Nicolaisen, Tove



Age variations in adiposity and body fat composition among older Bengalee Hindu women of Calcutta, India.  


A cross-sectional study of 279 older (50+ years) urban Bengalee Hindu women was undertaken to study age variations in adiposity, body composition, obesity and central fat distribution. The women were divided into three groups: Group I (G I, 50-59 years), Group II (G II, 60-69 years) and Group III (G III, 70+ years). A significant decreasing age trend was observed in adiposity and body fat composition measures. Women in G I had significantly higher means compared with those in G III. Individuals in G II had intermediate values. However, there was no significant age trend in muscle measures and indices of central body fat distribution. The results revealed that significantly more women in G III (45.8%) were malnourished (BMI < 18.5), while significantly more women in G I (28.7%) were obese (BMI > or = 25). The levels of malnourishment (21.6%) and obesity (24.5%) in G II were intermediate between G I and G III. Age had significant negative correlations with measures of adiposity and body fat composition. Regression analysis revealed that age had significant negative effect on these anthropometric measures. This significant negative impact of age remained even after controlling for the effect of BMI. In conclusion, the present investigation revealed that among older Bengalee Hindu women, there is a significant inverse age trend in adiposity and body fat composition, which is independent of overall adiposity (BMI). However, with ageing, muscle and central body fat distribution remain the same. Furthermore, with increasing age, there is a trend of increasing levels of malnourishment and decreasing levels of obesity. PMID:14524004

Bose, K; Chaudhuri, A B



Seismicity of the Pamir and Hindu Kush: new constraints on regional tectonics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pamir and Hindu Kush regions in Central Asia host the most active zone of intracontinental seismic activity at intermediate depths (up to nearly 300km) in the world, which is still poorly understood in terms of its detailed structure and, most importantly, its origin. Being situated far from any typical subduction zone setting and displaying a change in its polarity along strike, this seismically active zone has been interpreted in numerous ways, e.g. as a single slab of Indian lithosphere originally subducted northwards which was subsequently overturned in its eastern part or as two adjacent subduction zones of opposing polarity. Several key questions concerning this region, among them the nature of subducted material (oceanic or continental?), the mechanism behind the generation of these intermediate-depth earthquakes and the region's tectonic framework have not been answered as of yet. As the seismological subpart of the TIPAGE project, we deployed a network of 40 seismometer stations for a total duration of two years (2008-2010) in Tajikistan and southern Kyrgyzstan, covering the Pamir mountains and surroundings. Complemented with two more temporary deployments and additional data from several permanent networks in adjacent areas, this constitutes a seismic dataset of unprecedented station density for this part of Central Asia. Showing the distribution of more than 9,500 earthquakes located with a highly precise double-difference method based on the cross-correlation of individual traces, fault plane solutions for shallow and deep earthquakes as well as preliminary results from traveltime tomography, we can resolve the exact geometry of the deep seismic zone and draw further constraints on the tectonic processes active in the region. The S-shaped region of intermediate-depth seismicity is clearly subdivided into two separate parts, hence termed Hindu Kush and Pamir seismic zones. The Hindu Kush seismic zone strikes due east-west at a latitude of about 36.4°N. Depth sections show that earthquakes extend from depths of 50 to around 250 km along a planar, steeply northward-dipping structure. Earthquakes are most frequent in the depth range from 180 to 220 km, whereas there is a seismic "gap" at about 150 km depth. Intriguingly, the Hindu Kush seismic zone features a small-scale reversal of dip polarity in its lower part (beneath the 150km gap) towards its eastern termination. The Pamir seismic zone forms an arc, the strike of which varies by 90 degrees from north-south at its southwestern end (where it borders the Hindu Kush seismic zone) to east-west at its eastern termination. The dip direction of the structure changes from due east to due south from west to east. Seismic activity outlines a narrow (10-15 km) Wadati-Benioff zone displaying a constant dip of about 50 degrees all along its extent. Whereas seismic activity ceases at depths of 130-150 km in the east, the south-western part of the zone shows earthquakes reaching depths of up to 240 km that outline a vertical structure beneath 150 km depth. All along the arc, the upper termination of seismic activity is found at depths of 60-80 km, leaving a gap to shallow seismic activity which is confined to the uppermost 20-25 km. Intermediate-depth earthquakes in the eastern Pamir and the low-velocity zone they are situated within can be linked with shallow seismic activity along the Main Pamir Thrust (MPT) further north, which implies ongoing intracontinental southward subduction, presumably of continental material, in the Alai Valley. Tracing the surface expression of the deep earthquakes along the Pamir arc, towards the southwest, proves complicated. It is possible that the western part of the Pamir seismic zone is linked to the ongoing east-west compression in the Tajik Depression seen by GPS, but evidence is scarce. Shallow seismic activity concentrates along the Pamir's northern rim (MPT) and in its western part, wheras the eastern Pamir is seismically quiet. Fault-plane solutions obtained by moment tensor inversion show predominance of sinistral st

Sippl, C.; Schurr, B.; Schneider, F.; Yuan, X.; Mechie, J.; Haberland, C.; Gadoev, M.; Oimahmadov, I.; Abdybachaev, U.; Orunbaev, S.; Minaev, V.; Negmatullaev, S.; Rui, H.; Pingren, L.



Contrasted evolution of glacial lakes along the Hindu-Kush Himalaya mountain range between 1990 and 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we present the first assessment of glacial lake distribution and evolution in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH). Seven sites have been selected between Bhutan and Afghanistan, to capture the climatic variability along the 2000-km long mountain range. For each site, glacial lakes have been mapped with LANDSAT satellite imagery acquired in 1990, 2000 and 2009, using an automatic classification. In the East (India, Nepal and Bhutan) glacial lakes are bigger and more numerous than in the West (Pakistan, Afghanistan), and have grown continuously between 1990 and 2009 by 20% to 65%. Conversely, during the same period, the glacial lake coverage has shrunk in the Hindu Kush (-50%) and the Karakorum (-30%). This east/west pattern of lake changes seems in agreement with sparse glaciological measurements that suggest less (or even no) ice loss in the western part of the HKH.

Gardelle, J.; Yves, A.; Berthier, E.



Gene diversity for haptoglobin and transferrin classical markers among Hindu and Muslim populations of Aligarh city, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper reports the distribution of serum protein markers viz. haptoglobin and transferrin in two major groups of\\u000a Aligarh city of North India. In present study we have undertaken a survey of 538 individuals belonging to eight different\\u000a populations, four from the Hindu community i.e. Brahmin, Bania, Rajput and Jatav, and the rest four among the Muslim community\\u000a i.e.

G. Ara; Y. H. Siddique; M. Afzal



Prevalences of diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Hindu Indian subcommunities in Tanzania.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To seek differences in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and other coronary heart disease risk factors, and to identify factors associated with these differences within a Hindu Indian community. DESIGN--Population based cross sectional survey. SETTING--Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. SUBJECTS--Of 20 Hindu subcommunities categorised by caste in Dar-es-Salaam, seven were randomly selected. 1147 (76.7%) of 1495 subjects aged 15 or over participated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Blood glucose concentrations (fasting and two hours after oral glucose loading), serum total cholesterol and serum triglyceride concentrations, blood pressure, and height and weight. RESULTS--The subcommunities differed substantially in socioeconomic characteristics and lifestyle. Overall, 9.8% of subjects (109/1113) had diabetes, 17.0% (189/1113) impaired glucose tolerance, 14.5% (166/1143) hypertension, and 13.3% (151/1138) were obese. The mean fasting blood glucose concentration was 4.9 mmol/l, the blood glucose concentration two hours after oral loading (75 g) 6.0 mmol/l, the total cholesterol concentration 4.9 mmol/l, the serum triglyceride concentration 1.4 mmol/l, and body mass index (weight/height: kg/m2) 24.3. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 121 and 77 mm Hg respectively. There were important intercommunity differences even after standardisation for age, sex, and body mass index--for example, in mean fasting blood glucose concentration (range 4.5 (Jains) to 5.9 mmol/l (Patels)), serum total cholesterol concentration (range 4.5 (Jains) to 6.2 mmol/l (Suthars)), systolic blood pressure (range 110 (Limbachias) to 127 mm Hg (Bhatias)), and prevalences of diabetes (range 3.4% (3/87 Limbachias) to 18% (20/111 Navnats)) and hypertension (range 5.7% (5/87 Limbachias) to 19.4% (43/222 Bhatias). Variables which showed significant linear correlation with subcommunity variations were entered into a multiple regression model. Intercommunity variations persisted. The Limbachia and Jain communities had the lowest prevalence of and mean values for coronary heart disease risk factors and the Bhatia and Patel communities had the highest. CONCLUSIONS--In this series intercommunity variations in disease and risk factors might have been related to genetic, dietary, socioeconomic, and lifestyle differences but could not be explained by the characteristics studied. Studies of Indian subcommunities are warranted to confirm and extend these descriptive findings and explore the genetic basis of diabetes. Communities of Indian origin should not be perceived as homogeneous.

Ramaiya, K L; Swai, A B; McLarty, D G; Bhopal, R S; Alberti, K G



Patterns of occurrence and concordance between subjective and objective hot flashes among Muslim and Hindu women in Sylhet, Bangladesh.  


This study examined the pattern of occurrence and the rate of concordance between objective hot flashes measured by sternal skin conductance and the subjective experience of "gorom vap laga" (feeling steaming hot) among Muslim and Hindu women living in Sylhet, Bangladesh. Participants were aged 40-55, not pregnant or lactating, not using hormone therapy, and with no history of hysterectomy. Thirty women wore an ambulatory hot flash monitor for 8 h on average, from mid-morning to early evening. True positive, false negative, and false positive measures of hot flashes were examined in relation to demographic, reproductive, and lifestyle variables. On body diagrams, women were most likely to indicate hot flashes on the top of their head (64%) and upper chest (68%). The greatest number of objective hot flashes occurred during the hour of 17:00, perhaps due to the heat of the day, and the clothing and activity associated with prayer. Muslim participants demonstrated more objective hot flashes per woman than Hindu participants (1.5 vs. 0.1, P < 0.05), and Muslims had more false positive measures (86%) compared with Hindu participants (0%, P = 0.06). Among all women who reported subjective hot flashes (n = 19), the proportion of true positive scores was 19%. Overall, the frequency of objective hot flashes was low compared with reports from studies in the United States. The pattern of sweating assessed by body diagrams was not associated with variation in hot flash experience. PMID:18461600

Sievert, Lynnette Leidy; Begum, Khurshida; Sharmeen, Taniya; Chowdhury, Osul; Muttukrishna, Shanthi; Bentley, Gillian



Afghan Hindu Kush: Where Eurasian Sub-Continent Gene Flows Converge  

PubMed Central

Despite being located at the crossroads of Asia, genetics of the Afghanistan populations have been largely overlooked. It is currently inhabited by five major ethnic populations: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek and Turkmen. Here we present autosomal from a subset of our samples, mitochondrial and Y- chromosome data from over 500 Afghan samples among these 5 ethnic groups. This Afghan data was supplemented with the same Y-chromosome analyses of samples from Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia and updated Pakistani samples (HGDP-CEPH). The data presented here was integrated into existing knowledge of pan-Eurasian genetic diversity. The pattern of genetic variation, revealed by structure-like and Principal Component analyses and Analysis of Molecular Variance indicates that the people of Afghanistan are made up of a mosaic of components representing various geographic regions of Eurasian ancestry. The absence of a major Central Asian-specific component indicates that the Hindu Kush, like the gene pool of Central Asian populations in general, is a confluence of gene flows rather than a source of distinctly autochthonous populations that have arisen in situ: a conclusion that is reinforced by the phylogeography of both haploid loci.

Mazieres, Stephane; Myres, Natalie M.; Lin, Alice A.; Temori, Shah Aga; Metspalu, Mait; Metspalu, Ene; Witzel, Michael; King, Roy J.; Underhill, Peter A.; Villems, Richard; Chiaroni, Jacques



The Mechanism of Intermediate-Depth Earthquakes in the Hindu Kush  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hindu Kush mountains, located near the borders of Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, and China, formed from the collision of India with Eurasia beginning in the Eocene (~55 Ma). The collision resulted in the subduction of the Indian plate. The subduction history has been inferred from seismic tomography, earthquake locations, and thermal modeling. Some of these studies have suggested that the Indian plate subducted northward, started to overturn, and then gradually broke off towards the east. Earthquakes in this region occur down to ~250 km depth, but why they occur is unknown. They may be related to slab break-off or dehydration in the oceanic crust. To distinguish between these mechanisms, we investigate the rupture processes of 22 intermediate-depth earthquakes with Mw between 5.5 and 7.4 that occurred from 1991 to 2005. The ruptures tend to propagate subhorizontally. The earthquakes are located in 3 main clusters. Cluster I is located <150 km depth and has variable focal mechanism orientations. In Cluster II, which is located between 185 and 225 km depth, the focal mechanisms change their orientation gradually with the shape of the slab. Cluster III, located between 210 and 240 km depth to the east of Cluster II, is the most consistent one: most of the focal mechanisms are similar to one another and the rupture vectors tend to point outwards from the slab.

Chen, W.; Warren, L. M.



Explaining body composition by some covariate factors among the elderly Bengalee Hindu women of Calcutta, India.  


Understanding the changes in body composition with passage of time and factors associated with them will help to improve our knowledge and understanding about these processes and could guide in the prevention of functional limitations and formulation of better health care among the elderly. The present cross-sectional work was under taken to study the effect of age, menopause, age at first conception, educational level and physical activity in explaining body composition among 200 elderly (55 years and above) Bengalee Hindu women of Calcutta, India. Body composition measures namely percentage of body fat (PBF), fat mass index (FMI), and fat free mass index (FFMI) were calculated from skinfolds thickness using standard equations. Multiple regression analyses of body composition variables by covariate factors revealed that Age, age of onset of menopause, age at first conception, educational level and frequency of walking cumulative explains 35%, 28% and 21% of PBF, FMI and FFMI respectively. Present study revealed that beside age, both biosocial (age of onset of menopause, age at first conception, education level) and physical activity as measured by brisk walking have significant contribution in explaining body composition among elderly females. Significant negative impact of physical activity on PBF, FMI and positive impact on FFMI in the present study were also evident. Therefore, brisk walking could be useful to increase body's fat free mass. PMID:16395512

Ghosh, A; Das Chaudhuri, A B




NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Universe SciPack explores the ways scientists learn about the universe and the current ideas about the origins and formation of the universe. The focus is on Standards and Benchmarks related to the universe including how the universe was formed, formation and destruction of stars and characteristics of the sun and stars in terms of size and composition.In addition to comprehensive inquiry-based learning materials tied to Science Education Standards and Benchmarks, the SciPack includes the following additional components:� Pedagogical Implications section addressing common misconceptions, teaching resources and strand maps linking grade band appropriate content to standards. � Access to one-on-one support via e-mail to content "Wizards".� Final Assessment which can be used to certify mastery of the concepts.Learning Outcomes:Universe: How We Know What We Know� Select the right instrument given something specific to learn about the universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists analyze light to learn about objects in the universe.� Describe what the study of light can tell us about objects in the universe.� Understand the various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and how the various wavelengths can provide astronomers with different information.� Recognize that astronomers study a wide range of electromagnetic waves, not restricted to visible light.Universe: The Sun as a Star� Reject common misconceptions, such as stars are bits of the Sun. � List characteristics of the Sun that match the definition of a star.� Accurately compare and contrast the characteristics of the Sun with other stars (e.g., mass, distance, size, color).� Recognize the rough ratio of the distance to the Sun and the distance to the next nearest stars on a human scale (i.e., if the sun is 10 feet away, roughly how far is the next nearest star?).� Select the rough estimate of the travel time (at speed of light) to next nearest star from a list.� Describe how astronomers determined that the stars were just like the Sun.Universe: Birth, Life, and Death of Stars� Recount key aspects of the stellar life cycle. � Recognize the variables and conditions that would be needed to make predictions about the life cycle of a star, including the prominent role of initial mass. � Determine whether a reasonable prediction can be made, given certain knowns and unknowns.� Explain how the elements that compose our planet and solar system (and the rest of the universe) were formed.� Explain where the energy released by our Sun and other stars comes from.Universe: The Universe Beyond our Solar System� Arrange various objects in order of size and distance, ranging from space probes and moons to galaxies and galactic clusters.� Catalogue, in simple terms, the objects within a galaxy.� Generally explain "what is within what" (planetary systems, star clusters, galaxies, etc.).� Describe the location of our solar system within the Milky Way galaxy.� Describe the limitations of using parallax, radar, and brightness to measure the distance of objects from Earth, and classify objects whose distance from Earth could be accurately measured using each type of measurement strategy.Universe: The Origin and Evolution of the Universe� Provide a basic description of the conditions at the beginning of the universe.� Give the approximate age of the universe.� Recognize the scientific account of the current state of the universe given different explanations.� Explain the evidence for an expanding universe.� Describe, in simple terms, how scientists use observations of position and motion to learn about objects in the universe.

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)



The deep structure beneath the Pamir - Hindu Kush region from teleseismic tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pamir - Hindu Kush orogenic system is surely one of the least studied corners along the India-Eurasia collisional belt despite featuring several tectonically unique features. The lack of modern geophysical data from the region left the deep processes and structures that cause and host the unique intermediate depth earthquakes here mostly in the dark. To shed light on some of these processes we image the seismic velocity structure in the upper mantle and transition zone. We implemented a tomographic inversion for P-wave velocities based on teleseismic earthquakes recorded at temporal and permanent seismic stations within the study region. Our study is mainly based on the temporary seismic deployments from the TIPAGE (Tien Shan Pamir Geodynamic Project), FERGHANA and TIPTIMON (Tien Shan Pamir Monitoring Program) projects. Within the framework of these projects, 40, 20 and 25 mostly broadband stations were deployed from mid-2008 to mid-2010 and from June 2012 onwards within Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. These data were complemented by a similar number of permanent stations covering in the course most of central Asia. We measured so far more than 30,000 phase arrivals from approx. 700 earthquakes occurring at epicentral distances between 20 to 180 degree. This data set is inverted simultaneously for velocity anomalies and station corrections. To account for the large variations of crustal thickness beneath the study region, we implemented a newly determined Moho model for the Pamir and surroundings, which is based on receiver function analysis. The resulting tomographic model extends to depths of approximately 500 km and covers the area between 67 to 79 degree East and 36 to 44 degree North. We will present preliminary P wave velocity images based on the currently available data set.

Kufner, Sofia-Katerina; Schurr, Bernd; Yuan, Xiaohui; Bianchi, Marcelo; Haberland, Christian; Sippl, Christian; Schneider, Felix; Ischuk, Anatoly



Western weather patterns and winter precipitation in the Hindu-Kush Karakoram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we study western weather patterns (WWP), westerly perturbations responsible for most of the precipitation falling over the Hindu-Kush Karakoram (HKK) during winter, and the mechanisms responsible for their regulation. WWP originate from the northeastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, move eastward and often intensify east of about 40°E before they reach the HKK region. Particular attention is given to the analysis of the link between the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and these systems. To this end, we use 1) an ensemble of precipitation datasets, including satellite TRMM observations, three raingauge-based datasets (APHRODITE, CRU and GPCC), the ERA40 reanalyses and the global climate model EC-Earth, 2) evaporation, specific humidity, geopotential and wind data from ERA40 and EC-Earth, 3) a NAO index computed for ERA40 and EC-Earth from sea level pressure data. Our analysis shows that winter precipitation over the HKK exhibits a high interannual variability and above (below) than normal precipitation is found in correspondence of the positive (negative) NAO phase. The Persian Gulf, the northern Arabian Sea and the Red Sea are important moisture sources for winter precipitation in the HKK and enhanced evaporation from these reservoirs occurs during the positive NAO phase. We investigate the association between enhanced evaporation, changes in surface wind intensity and humidity transport towards the HKK. EC-Earth is able to capture the NAO-precipitation signal over the HKK and the mechanisms associated with the WWP described above. Further investigations will include the possibility to repeat the WWP analysis with EC-Earth for the last century (from 1850) and for the future (until 2100) under different emission scenarios, in order to investigate possible changes that occurred and might occur in the WWP activity and the consequences for precipitation in the Karakoram.

Filippi, Luca; Palazzi, Elisa; von Hardenberg, Jost; Provenzale, Antonello



Debris-flow hazards on tributary junction fans, Chitral, Hindu Kush Range, northern Pakistan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Chitral district of northern Pakistan lies in the eastern Hindu Kush Range. The population in this high-relief mountainous terrain is restricted to tributary-junction fans in the Chitral valley. Proximity to steep valley slopes renders these fans prone to hydrogeomorphic hazards, including landslides, floods and debris flows. This paper focuses on debris-flow hazards on tributary-junction fans in Chitral. Using field observations, satellite-image analyses and a preliminary morphometry, the tributary-junction fans in the Chitral valley are classified into (1) discrete and (2) composite. The discrete fans are modern-day active landforms and include debris cones associated with ephemeral gullies, debris fans associated with ephemeral channels and alluvial fans formed by perennial streams. The composite fans are a collage of sediment deposits of widely different ages and formed by diverse alluvial-fan forming processes. These include fans formed predominantly during MIS-2/Holocene interglacial stages superimposed by modern-day alluvial and debris fans. Composite fans are turned into relict fans when entrenched by modern-day perennial streams. These deeply incised channels discharge their sediment load directly into the trunk river without significant spread on fan surface. In comparison, when associated with ephemeral streams, active debris fans develop directly at composite-fan surfaces. Major settlements in Chitral are located on composite fans, as they provide large tracts of leveled land with easy accesses to water from the tributary streams. These fan surfaces are relatively more stable, especially when they are entrenched by perennial streams (e.g., Chitral, Ayun, and Reshun). When associated with ephemeral streams (e.g., Snowghar) or a combination of ephemeral and perennial streams (e.g., Drosh), these fans are subject to frequent debris-flow hazards. Fans associated with ephemeral streams are prone to high-frequency (˜10 years return period) debris-flow hazards. By comparison, fans associated with perennial streams are impacted by debris-flow hazards during exceptionally large events with return periods of ˜30 years. This study has utility for quick debris-flow hazard assessment in high-relief mountainous regions, especially in arid- to semi-arid south-central Asia where hazard zonation maps are generally lacking.

Khan, M. Asif; Haneef, M.; Khan, Anwar S.; Tahirkheli, Tazeem



A two-step underthrusting and delamination model that explains deep structures beneath Pamir and Hindu Kush  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pamir-Hindu Kush region, situated at the western Himalayan syntaxis, is one of the tectonically most complex and least well understood regions on earth. Frequently occurring intermediate-depth earthquakes, which define two seismic zones at mantle depth, attest to ongoing subduction or delamination processes during continental collision. The presence of deep seismicity and the complexity of mantle structures set the Pamir-Hindu Kush apart from Tibet, i.e. imply a different tectonic style between the front and the syntaxes of the Indian indenter. Automatically identified and located local earthquakes from the TIPAGE data set (2008-2010) outline two distinct, seismically active zones at mantle depths. Beneath the Hindu Kush, earthquake locations to first order define a subvertically northward dipping planar structure with high internal complexity. At depths greater than 150 km, this plane appears to be broken into several fragments. Focal mechanisms of intermediate-depth earthquakes uniformly show downdip extension, i.e. T axes oriented around vertical, whereas retrieved P axes are horizontal, perpendicular to the strike of the Hindu Kush seismic zone. The Pamir seismic zone, in contrast, resembles a single, strongly curved slab dipping southward at its eastern termination towards the Tarim Basin and progressively changes its dip direction to purely eastward at its southwestern end. Focal mechanisms of Pamir deep seismicity are less uniform than for the Hindu Kush, but show a prevalence of along-arc extensive mechanisms in the shallower part of the slab, where earthquake hypocenters outline an along-strike continuous structure. At deeper levels, where the slab might be torn (which could be indicated by an absence of seismic activity), T axes are oriented more steeply. A local earthquake tomography study, utilizing a selection of 56,229 P and 25,221 S phases to perform an inversion for vp and vp-vs throughout the Pamir and its surroundings, clearly shows the arcuate Pamir slab as a high-wavespeed anomaly (vp = 8.2-8.3 km/s). The hypocentral locations of earthquakes outline the upper edge of this lithospheric slab, in fact appear to be confined to an about 10 km wide low-velocity channel atop it, which has been identified with receiver function analysis. Directly above the updip end of seismicity (at depths of 70-80 km), very low values of vp (around 7.1 km/s) and high vp-vs ratios (>1.80) are retrieved, probably indicative of the entrainment of upper or middle crustal material in the subduction process, which leads to the burial of buoyant material to mantle depths. South of the Pamir slab, velocities around or slightly below normal mantle values are observed, no indication of cold underthrusted Indian lithosphere is found. We interpret the obtained seismological evidence with a two-step model of continental overthrusting of the Pamir over the basin material to the north and west of it, followed by the delamination of the underthrusted material into the mantle, possibly due to the acquisition of negative buoyancy by phase transformation reactions (e.g. eclogitization). The entrained upper or middle crustal material imaged with tomography is not involved in the delamination process due to its low density. However, a thin layer of possibly eclogitized lower crustal material sits atop the sinking lithospheric slab and hosts the intermediate-depth seismicity. A pure delamination scenario could not explain the observed presence of slow material at mantle depths, whereas the retrieved stress axis orientations in the Pamir slab are hard to reconcile with a classical subduction process.

Sippl, Christian; Schurr, Bernd; Schneider, Felix; Yuan, Xiaohui; Gadoev, Mustafo; Orunbaev, Sagynbek; Negmatullaev, Sobit; Haberland, Christian



Arrack Drinking Patterns among Muslim, Hindu, Santal, and Oraon Communities in the Rasulpur Union of Bangladesh: A Cross-Cultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arrack is produced from palm and date juice which is commonly consumed by the lower class of all religious communities in rural Bangladesh. Previous studies could not cross-culturally investigate arrack drinking patterns. The present study examined and compared arrack drinking patterns among the Muslim, Hindu, Santal, and Oraon communities'…

Uddin, MD Emaj



Hindu, Muslim and Sikh Religious Education Teachers' Use of Personal Life Knowledge: The Relationship between Biographies, Professional Beliefs and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reports the findings of a qualitative study of Hindu, Muslim and Sikh teachers of religious education and the relationship between their biographies, professional beliefs and use of personal life knowledge in English, secondary school classrooms. This relationship was explored through a study of five beginning teachers and provided…

Everington, Judith



Association of food patterns, central obesity measures and metabolic risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) in middle aged Bengalee Hindu men, Calcutta, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association of central obesity measures and food patterns with metabolic risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) were studied among middle aged (? 30 years) Bengalee Hindu men of Calcutta, India. CHD risk factors included total cholesterol (TC), fasting triglyceride (FTG), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and very low density

Arnab Ghosh; Kaushik Bose


Effects of absorbing aerosols on accelerated melting of snowpack in the Hindu-Kush-Himalayas-Tibetan Plateau region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impacts of absorbing aerosol on melting of snowpack in the Hindu-Kush-Himalayas-Tibetan Plateau (HKHT) region are studied using in-situ, satellite observations, and GEOS-5 GCM. Based on atmospheric black carbon measurements from the Pyramid observation (~ 5 km elevation) in Mt. Everest, we estimate that deposition of black carbon on snow surface will give rise to a reduction in snow surface albedo of 2- 5 %, and an increased annual runoff of 12-34% for a typical Tibetan glacier. Examination of multi-year satellite reflectivity and re-analysis data reveals signals of possible impacts of dust and black carbon in darkening the snow surface, and accelerating spring melting of snowpack in the HKHT, following a build-up of absorbing aerosols in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Results from GCM experiments show that a 8-10% increase in the rate of melting of snowpack over the western Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau can be attributed to the elevated-heat-pump (EHP) feedback effect, initiated from the absorption of solar radiation by dust and black carbon accumulated to great height (~ 5 km) over the Indo-Gangetic Plain and Himalayas foothills in the pre-monsoon season (April-May). The accelerated melting of the snowpack is enabled by an EHP-induced atmosphere-land-snowpack positive feedback involving a) orographic forcing of the monsoon flow by the complex terrain of the HKHT region, leading to increased moisture, cloudiness and rainfall over the Himalayas foothills and northern India, b) warming of the upper troposphere over the Tibetan Plateau, and c) a transfer of latent and sensible heat from atmosphere to the snow surface. Ongoing modeling work in assessing the relative roles of EHP vs. snow-darkening effects on accelerated melting of snowpack in HKHT region will be discussed.

Lau, W. K.; Kim, K.; Yasunari, T. J.; Gautam, R.; Hsu, N. C.



Effects of Absorbing Aerosols on Accelerated Melting of Snowpack in the Hindu-Kush-Himalayas-Tibetan Plateau Region  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The impacts of absorbing aerosol on melting of snowpack in the Hindu-Kush-Himalayas-Tibetan Plateau (HKHT) region are studied using in-situ, satellite observations, and GEOS-5 GCM. Based on atmospheric black carbon measurements from the Pyramid observation ( 5 km elevation) in Mt. Everest, we estimate that deposition of black carbon on snow surface will give rise to a reduction in snow surface albedo of 2- 5 %, and an increased annual runoff of 12-34% for a typical Tibetan glacier. Examination of satellite reflectivity and re-analysis data reveals signals of possible impacts of dust and black carbon in darkening the snow surface, and accelerating spring melting of snowpack in the HKHT, following a build-up of absorbing aerosols in the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Results from GCM experiments show that 8-10% increase in the rate of melting of snowpack over the western Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau can be attributed to the elevated-heat-pump (EHP) feedback effect, initiated from the absorption of solar radiation by dust and black carbon accumulated to great height ( 5 km) over the Indo-Gangetic Plain and Himalayas foothills in the pre-monsoon season (April-May). The accelerated melting of the snowpack is enabled by an EHP-induced atmosphere-land-snowpack positive feedback involving a) orographic forcing of the monsoon flow by the complex terrain, and thermal forcing of the HKHT region, leading to increased moisture, cloudiness and rainfall over the Himalayas foothills and northern India, b) warming of the upper troposphere over the Tibetan Plateau, and c) an snow albedo-temperature feedback initiated by a transfer of latent and sensible heat from a warmer atmosphere over the HKHT to the underlying snow surface. Results from ongoing modeling work to assess the relative roles of EHP vs. snow-darkening effects on accelerated melting of snowpack in HKHT region will also be discussed.

Lau, William K.; Kyu-Myong, Kim; Yasunari, Teppei; Gautam, Ritesh; Hsu, Christina




Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is an exploration of the meaning and function of vrats (votive fasting rites) among Hindu women in Banaras. While both men and women observe vrats throughout India today, women observe far more of them, at more frequent intervals, and for a wider array of reasons than do men. In general, girls are trained to direct the performance of

Anne Mackenzie Pearson



Gender differences in "luxury food intake" owing to temporal distribution of eating occasions among adults of Hindu communities in lowland Nepal.  


Our previous studies in developing countries have indicated that gender differences in intake of luxury foods incur risk of micronutrient deficiencies among women. As the next step, we examined the causes of gender differences in food intake by comparing eating patterns, including meal frequency (skipping) and temporal distribution of food consumption throughout the day among adults of Hindu communities in lowland Nepal. A total of 321 adults (126 men and 195 women) aged 20 years and above were randomly selected from 94 households in three rural communities. A face-to-face questionnaire-based 24-hour dietary recall interview was conducted whereby foods eaten throughout the six eating occasions (morning snack, breakfast, lunch, daytime snack, dinner, and evening snack) were recorded and analyzed. Results shows that men frequently skipped lunch (p <0.001), they also frequently consume daytime snack (p <0.001), and consumed purchased luxury foods such as tea with sugar and milk (p = 0.008) and samosa (p = 0.049) as daytime snack. The six-eating occasion analysis revealed that gender differences in food intake of rural Nepalese adults occurred during lunch and daytime snack, attributing to gender differences in daily activity patterns. PMID:19786393

Sudo, Noriko; Sekiyama, Makiko; Ohtsuka, Ryutaro; Maharjan, Makhan



Long wavelength satellite gravity and geoid anomalies over Himalaya, and Tibet: Lithospheric structures and seismotectonics of deep focus earthquakes of Hindu Kush - Pamir and Burmese arc  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Free air anomaly map of Himalaya, Tibet and adjoining regions derived from global models including satellite observations reflect most of the tectonic elements of this region. Fold and thrust belts and suture zones are characterized by small wave length free air high anomalies representing shallow high density mafic/ultramafic rocks including ophiolitic mélange. On the other hand, medium to large wavelength negative gravity anomalies which are related to crustal thickening due to isostatic compensation are better visualized in the Bouguer anomaly map. This emphasizes the importance of both free air and Bouguer anomaly maps of complex orogenic belts. Spectral analysis of the Bouguer and the geoid anomaly maps and their low pass filtered maps and modeling along a N-S profile (90°E) constrained from various seismic studies suggest low density rocks (3250 kg/m3) in the lithospheric mantle between depths of ˜130-320 km under Tibet. The low pass filtered geoid anomaly shows a prominent geoid low in the same depth range oriented NE-SW, in the direction of motion of the Indian plate that is near perpendicular to the prominent tectonics features. It coincides with the NE-SW oriented seismic anisotropy in the central part of the Himalayan collision zone. Low density rocks in the lithospheric mantle suggest under thrusted Indian and Asian lithospheres in this section that constitutes the thick lithosphere under Tibet. The Moho in general lies at a depth of 50-75 km under Tibet with deepest being under South Tibet. The Low density rocks in the upper mantle make this region buoyant that explains large scale uplifts. The prominent negative free air, Bouguer and geoid anomalies are observed over the Hindu Kush - Pamir Seismic Zone between the Kohistan arc towards the south and Pamir towards the north suggesting predominance of low density rocks approximately at a depth of ˜120 km in the lithospheric mantle. Gravity anomalies and its modeling along a profile (73°E) constrained from the hypocenters of deep focus earthquakes in this region and results from receiver function analysis in adjoining regions suggest following characteristics of the subduction model in this section: (i) the subducting plates from two sides, viz. the Indian (Kohistan arc) and the Asian plates show relatively high angle subductions compared to the east of it. (ii) The subducting plates are affected by the strike slip Chamman - Panjshir faults towards the west and Karakoram strike slip fault towards the east. (iii) The subducting plates from the two sides interact with each other in the lithospheric mantle. (iv) The subducted rocks in this section are generally comprised of high density mafic/ultramafic rocks of the Kohistan arc and Tien Shan. Combination of these factors would induce fast subduction and slab break off that usually facilitate deep focus earthquakes, as observed in case of Mariana type subductions. Similar is the case along the Burmese arc that is the only other section characterized by deep focus earthquakes in the long Himalayan collision zone (˜5000 km). Modeling of the Bouguer anomaly along 23.5°N in this case also shows relatively high angle subduction of the Indian plate which is affected by the Sagaing strike slip fault towards the east that would facilitate slab break off and generation of deep focus earthquakes as described above. Gravity modeling across Tibet, Hindu Kush and Burmese arc suggest the presence of high density rocks (˜3100 kg/m3) in the lower crust and low density rocks (˜3250 kg/m3) in the upper mantle that may be attributed to partial eclogitization and serpentinization of rocks, respectively in these sections that are typical of several orogenic belts. Such conditions are expected to facilitate delamination and detachment.

Mishra, D. C.; Ravi Kumar, M.; Arora, K.



Universal Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article explains the concept of 'Universal Time' (UT), sometimes referred to as 'Coordinated Universal Time' (UTC). Topics include how UTC is measured, who uses it, and a brief discussion of the historical context of this time standard.


Brown University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computing at Brown University was formalized in 1960. Computing history, current university computing, and a description of the Institute for Research in Information and Scholarship are discussed. The installation of a broadband communications network (BRUNET) was recently completed. (MLW)




Hemostasis research in India: past, present, and future.  


Hemostasis research in India has a long history considering the fact that it is one of the youngest specialities in the world. If we take creation of prothrombin time (PT) test as one of the beginning of modern hemostsis research, then the specialty is no older than 60 years. School of Tropical Medicine Kolkata, Banaras Hindu University, All India Institute of Medical Sciences at Delhi, Christian Medical College at Vellore, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research at Chandigarh, and KEM Hospital at Mumbai contributed substantially in defining various bleeding disorders in our country. Unfortunately, some of these institutes are no longer as active in the field as they used to be. Currently, the Institute of Immunohaematology at Mumbai, Chrstian medical College at Vellore, and All India Institute of Medical Sciences at Delhi are actively engaged in hemostsis research in India. Developing prenatal diagnostic technologies, mutation detection of various hemostatic disorders, developing low-cost management technologies for hemophilia, and other bleeding disorders are becoming important present day research activity in the area of hemostasis in addition to age old areas of prevalence and unusual case description studies. Entry of many new corporate hospitals, development of structured postgraduate training program in hematology, and easy availability of instruments and reagents are likely to foster further growth in this area of medical research in India in future. PMID:21890571

Ghosh, Kanjaksha; Ghosh, Kinjalka; Shetty, Shrimati



Parent University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the Parent University program of the San Rafael (California) City Schools is presented. The Parent University is described as a 1-day event in which parents are offered a variety of seminars and workshops on topics in education and parenting. Materials included in this document are: (1) an overview of the second annual Parent…

Howlett, Hoyt S.


Overseas Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following articles and reports are presented in this publication of "Overseas Universities:""Appropriate Technology and University Education," by John Twidell; "The Training of Engineering Staff for Higher Education Institutions in Developing Countries," by D. W. Daniel, C. A. Leal, J. H. Maynes and T. Wilmore; "A Case Study of an Academic…

Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, London (England).


Universal Truths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a symposium of Nobel laureates held in the summer of 1990 to discuss cosmology. Different views on the structure and evolution of the universe are presented. Evidence for different theories of cosmology is discussed. (CW)

Horgan, John



Washington University

The Washington University Small Animal Imaging Resource (WUSAIR), one of the five original Small Animal Imaging Resource Program (SAIRP) centers funded in 1999, provides state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure for MRI, PET, CT and optical imaging of mice, rats and other small laboratory animals. Located in the heart of the Washington University Medical Center, WUSAIR combines instrumental and intellectual capabilities found at few other institutions.


Stanford University

Stanford University has a rapidly expanding program for the molecular imaging of living subjects. Through significant investments by the University in new space, infrastructure, and new faculty recruitments the Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford (MIPS) was established. Dr. Sam Gambhir, Professor of Radiology and Bioengineering was recruited and appointed by the Dean of the Medical School as Director of the MIPS. He works closely with Dr. Christopher Contag, Associate Professor of Pediatrics and of Microbiology and Immunology, Co-Director of the MIPS.


Plasma universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This single-page reading underlines how abundant plasmas are in the universe. The reading, which is the final page in a tutorial about the plasma phase of matter, points out that understanding plasma is central to understanding what happens in the universe. Through space technologies, researchers have been able to study plasmas in areas like those shown in the images that illustrate this reading. One of the images shows plasma loops on the Sun. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Institute, Space S.



Plasma universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Traditionally the views on the cosmic environent have been based on observations in the visual octave of the electromagnetic spectrum, during the last half-century supplemented by infrared and radio observations. Space research has opened the full spectrum. Of special importance are the X-ray-gamma-ray regions, in which a number of unexpected phenomena have been discovered. Radiations in these regions are likely to originate mainly from magnetised cosmic plasmas. Such a medium may also emit synchrotron radiation which is observable in the radio region. If a model of the universe is based on the plasma phenomena mentioned it is found that the plasma universe is drastically different from the traditional visual universe. Information about the plasma universe can also be obtained by extrapolation of laboratory experiments and magnetospheric in situ measurements of plasmas. This approach is possible because it is likely that the basic properties of plasmas are the same everywhere. In order to test the usefulness of the plasma universe model it is applied to cosmogony. Such an approach seems to be rather successful. For example, the complicated structure of the Saturnian C ring can be accounted for. It is possible to reconstruct certain phenomena 4 to 5 billions of years ago with an accuracy of better than 1%.

Alfven, H.



University Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University Wire is a daily Internet news service for college newspapers. Included are a story of the day, a large list of pointers to Internet resources in topics such as current headlines, politics, medicine and health, and women's resources; a "Kopyedit Korner," with pointers to writing reference materials; a placement center with job openings lists for college journalists; a large selection of pointers to college newspapers; and pointers to general circulation newspapers. Pointers to student and professional journalism organizations, as well as a calendar of journalism related events, are also provided. University Wire is a service of The Main Quad.



Universe Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by Fraser Cain, this modest current awareness service gathers space exploration news stories from around the Internet. The stories, usually four per day, are briefly summarized, and for each, Cain offers links to full-text articles from one or more sources. Users can read Universe Today at the site, which also contains an archive, internal search engine, and related links, or they can subscribe to receive the newsletter by email. Although not as comprehensive as some astronomy news sites, Universe Today does cover some of the top stories and will appeal to the busy general user with an interest in space exploration.


Molecular Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fantastic resource for college-level students of chemistry provides abundant images and explanatory text on molecules and molecular systems. The site's main provider is Richard Catlow, Director of the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. Molecular Universe presents a collection of lessons, arranged into categories such as Building in Three Dimensions, Boundaries and Barriers, and The Molecules of Life. The sleek color illustrations demonstrate everything from diamond structure to a DNA molecule. Highlights of the site include a detailed look at protein folding, how molecules taste, and molecules and computers. Both students and professors should journey to the Molecular Universe.

Catlow, C. R. A. (Charles Richard Arthur), 1947-



Widener University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1821, Widener University is a two-state (Pennsylvania and Delaware), four-campus, eight-college private institution serving approximately 6,700 students. Following arrival of the new senior vice president and provost in 2004 and subsequent reorganization of vice presidential responsibilities, Student Affairs is now led by a dean of…

Valesey, Brigitte; Allen, Jo



Washington University

Washington University Medical School's concept of an In vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Center (ICMIC) envisions a process that will permit the Center to become the focal point for the development of novel in vivo molecular imaging initiatives on campus. This involves further expanding and reinforcing collaborations and enhancing the productivity of multidisciplinary programs in basic cancer cell biology and molecular imaging research.


Stanford University

Stanford University has recruited a multidisciplinary team of scientist to address promising quantitative imaging methods to improve the ability of cancer researchers to evaluate tumor burden and treatment response through the support of the Quantitative Imaging Network. To date, progress is thwarted by the lack of software infrastructure to record quantitative imaging information efficiently and reproducibly in the routine clinical workflow, and by the inability to store and share image metadata in standard formats.


Vanderbilt University

Vanderbilt University has developed an interdisciplinary group of scientists, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to develop integrated high field (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) methods for assessing the effects of molecularly targeted anti-angiogenesis and cytoxic treatments in breast cancer clinical trials. The goal is to provide the breast cancer community with practical data acquisition and analysis protocols that facilitate the translation of advanced imaging technologies into patient management and clinical trials.


Vanderbilt University

This application seeks support for a new Small Animal Imaging Resource (SAIR) at Vanderbilt University, dedicated to providing scientific and technical resources and support for non-invasive imaging of small animal models of cancer in vivo. The equipment and personnel needed to support cancer imaging in small animals will be provided by a new center which provides access to a comprehensive array of imaging resources.


Open University  


Michel Pentz est née en Afrique du Sud et venu au Cern en 1957 comme physicien et président de l'associaion du personnel. Il est également fondateur du mouvement Antiapartheid de Genève et a participé à la fondation de l'Open University en Grande-Bretagne. Il nous parle des contextes pédagogiques, culturels et nationaux dans lesquels la méthode peut s'appliquer.




Our Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will learn about the different planets and the sun. They will learn that the sun is a star that lights and heats the earth. Check out these web sites and then answer the following questions. Blast off to this website. Play a game or two! When you are done, write down which game or games you played and three things you learned about our universe. Kidsastronomy Now, check out the awesome facts about this familiar star. Then ...

D., Mrs.



Universal Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan for an activity that explores time zone math. Learners will translate their local time to times in other zones around the world and work with the concept of Universal Time, specifically in reference to the reporting, description and analysis of solar flares and coronal mass ejections. This is activity 10 from Exploring Magnetism Guide 3: Magnetic Mysteries of the Aurora educator guide.


RAD University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operated by RAD Data Communications, this site has glossaries and a myriad of tutorials related to computer networks. Students "at Tel Aviv University and the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology" created the tutorials, which are grouped into several categories. These include introductory information, security and application protocols, infrastructure, and network layers. The tutorials are quite well made; most are very comprehensive with diagrams and illustrations. There are even some games and quizzes to reinforce what is presented in the tutorials. The three glossaries give simple, straightforward definitions and descriptions of various terms and technologies.



Afterschool Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This astronomy program is designed for middle school children in out-of-school-time settings. The program explores basic astronomy concepts (like invisible light, telescopes) and focuses on the universe outside the solar system (stars, galaxies, black holes). The program is structured for use in a variety of settings, including astronomy days, summer camps, or year-long afterschool programs. Although session activities build concepts sequentially, each session activity is designed to be freestanding as not all participants may attend every session. A manual provides background information and descriptions of how to conduct each activity. A companion website provides additional information and resources for the program leader.


ASL University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American Sign Language (ASL) University is an online curriculum resource for American Sign Language students, instructors, interpreters, and parents of deaf children. The website provides a wealth of learning tools for both teaching and learning ASL. Teachers are encouraged to use the lessons provided to teach in their own classes. In addition to the available courses, a very comprehensive American Sign Language dictionary is available to help those just learning ASL or those looking to learn how to add to their vocabulary. Furthermore, the site has a newsletter that is distributed through a mailing list.

Vicars, William G.



Wheelchair University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of lecture notes is intended to provide readers with a "practical learning experience on some aspect of wheelchair technology." Several topics on wheeled mobility are covered, including powered wheelchair anatomy and the development of standards. Seating biomechanics, wheelchair cushions, and other details helpful for wheelchair evaluation are given in a series of lecture slides. The last section deals with transportation safety and practices to reduce or prevent crash injuries. Resources on wheelchair research and development are given on the Wheelchair University homepage.


Universal Peptidomimetics  

PubMed Central

This paper concerns peptidomimetic scaffolds that can present side-chains in conformations resembling those of amino acids in secondary structures without incurring excessive entropic or enthalpic penalties. Compounds of this type are referred to here as minimalist mimics. The core hypothesis of this paper is that small sets of such scaffolds can be designed to analog local pairs of amino acids (including non-contiguous ones) in any secondary structure, ie they are universal peptidomimetics. To illustrate this concept we designed a set of four peptidomimetic scaffolds (1 – 4). Libraries based on these were made bearing side-chains corresponding to many of the protein-derived amino acids. Modeling experiments were performed to give an indication of kinetic and thermodynamic accessibilities of conformations that can mimic secondary structures. Together peptidomimetics based on scaffolds 1 – 4 can adopt conformations that resemble almost any combination of local amino acid side-chains in any secondary structure. Universal peptidomimetics of this kind are likely to be most useful in the design of libraries for high throughput screening against diverse targets. Consequently, data arising from submission of these molecules to the NIH Molecular Libraries Small Molecule Repository (MLSMR) is outlined.

Ko, Eunhwa; Liu, Jing; Perez, Lisa M.; Lu, Genliang; Schaefer, Amber; Burgess, Kevin



The New Universities: Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the functions and purposes of universities, with reference to their respective importance in England and the United States. The first of 10 articles studying the following English universities in depth--(1) University of Sussex, (2) University of York, (3) University of East Anglia, (4) University of Essex, (5) University of Kent…

Brawne, Michael



University of Pennsylvania: University Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many colleges and universities have carefully maintained archival collections that are consulted by historians and alumni interested in learning first-hand about their storied pasts. Not many institutions of higher learning can boast of such a nice collection of online materials, and certainly this website serves as a good example to others looking to develop such a collection. First-time visitors will want to take a look at the digital image collection, which contains 725 images depicting the campus in West Philadelphia, along with maps, slides, and sketches. Along with performing a simple search, visitors can browse a list of topical collections. Another good feature located here is a reproduction of an 1895 article from Harper's Magazine by Francis N. Thorpe that contains 18 illustrations within its 21 pages. Visitors looking for historical sketches of Penn's history and development will want to browse the section that offers numerous essays, including titles dealing with urban renewal and the university's gradual expansion over the 125 years.


The cyclic universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cyclic universe model is a modification of the ekpyrotic universe and the pyrotechnic universe models. The cyclic universe goes through the six transitions: the triplet universe, the inflation, the big bang, the quintessence, the big crush, and the deflation transitions. The universe starts with eleven dimensional space-time with two boundary 9-branes separated by a finite gap spanning an intervening

Ding-Yu Chung



The New Universities. (Architectural Character)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Photographs and comparative statistics are given for each of the following--(1) University of Sussex, (2) University of York, (3) University of East Anglia, (4) University of Essex, (5) University of Kent at Canterbury, (6) University of Warwick, (7) University of Lancaster, (8) University of Technology, Loughborough, (9) Brunel University, (10)…

Brawne, Michael



The Open Systems University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is focused toward a systems understanding of the contemporary university, the American University being the data base. A general systems conceptualization called the open systems university is presented. Comprehensive and generic in character, it is hoped that the theory of the open university will be viable enough to…

Counelis, James Steve


The Global University Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern world's understanding of American university press has long been shaped by university-press books. American university-press books are good international advertisements for the universities whose logos grace their spines. The growth of transnational scholarship and the expansion of digital communications networks are converging in ways…

Dougherty, Peter J.



Universality in Quantum Computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that in quantum computation almost every gate that operates on two or more bits is a universal gate. We discuss various physical considerations bearing on the proper definition of universality for computational components such as logic gates.

David Deutsch; Adriano Barenco; Artur Ekert



University Examination System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer based information system called UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION SYSTEM has been developed for Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU). The system provides efficient means of data storage and retrieval through a variety of fields. During the storage of information...

S. H. Siddiqui



Metaphor and Universal Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to identify elements of universal language and probes the limitations of the communication metaphor. Universal language is discussed in terms of the theory of quantum nonlocality and the implications of this theory for communication with extraterrestrial beings. (PCB)

Blown, Eric; And Others



Models for University Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looking at practices of university governments in three countries, the author discusses proposals for administrative and constitutional changes in universities. He makes recommendations to resolve the problems. (Author/MF)

Ross, Murray C.



Gambling with the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an excerpt from Stephen Hawking's book The Universe in a Nutshell. Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, were able to show that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied that the universe and time itself must have had a beginning in a tremendous explosion. The discovery of the expansion of the universe is one of the great intellectual revolutions of the twentieth century.

Hawking, Stephen



Northern Arizona University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Northern Arizona University (NAU) is a public university nestled below the San Francisco Peaks in Flagstaff, Arizona. It enrolls more than 21,000 undergraduate and graduate students at its main campus in Flagstaff, through its 35 statewide sites, and via online program offerings. Within the university organizational system, Student Affairs has a…

Butcher, Michael F.; Saltonstall, Margot; Bickel, Sarah; Brandel, Rick



The University Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author discusses the role university culture can play on a campus and how it can impact policy and practice. The article explores how a university's history, values, and vision form its culture and how this culture in turn affects its stability and continuity. The article discusses how newcomers within the university are…

Simplicio, Joseph



A New American University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews changes in the relationship between American research universities and the federal government from 1945 to the present. During the 1950s and early 1960s, universities were supported in applied science and socially beneficial research. In current times, universities are becoming more autonomous in examining questions of social theory and…

Muller, Steven



The German University System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to familiarize interested persons with the German university system, the German system of higher education is described including recent changes. Covered are: (1) degrees granted; (2) the organization of the universities; and (3) the social role of the professions. The German universities, in the present changing situation, are…

Schneider, R. T.


John Carroll University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Carroll University (JCU) is a Jesuit Catholic institution located in University Heights, approximately 10 miles east of Cleveland, Ohio. Founded in 1888, the university has a population of 3,400 undergraduates and 800 graduate students. The Division of Student Affairs at JCU comprises 11 units. The mission of the division is the same as that…

Dean, Kathleen Lis; Rombalski, Patrick; O'Dell, Kyle



Universities Scale Like Cities  

PubMed Central

Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the ‘gross university income’ in terms of total number of citations over ‘size’ in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities -the top-100 European universities- we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

van Raan, Anthony F. J.



Digital University Photographs: University of Dayton  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Dayton has a wonderful digital collection of photographs of the university. Visitors can search by "popular subject terms" which, perhaps not surprisingly, include the typical college terms of "football", "sports", and "athletes". However, there are also more unconventional terms available including "ghetto", which yields photos of the South Student Neighborhood, popularly known as the "Ghetto". Visitors to the collection will also find fraternity, sorority, and large imposing houses featured in the photographs of the "Ghetto". Visitors shouldn't miss browsing the many aerial views of campus and surrounding neighborhoods from the 1920s. Simply click on "campus", and enjoy the many views. Fans of the actor Tyrone Power should check out the picture of him with the University of Dayton football team in Hollywood in 1939 at Twentieth Century-Fox Studios. Visitors can also browse the collection or use the advanced search option.


Selling University Reform: The University of Melbourne and the Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the "Times Higher Education Supplement World University Rankings" and the "Academic Rankings of World Universities" by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, some Australian universities have become especially concerned with being ranked among the 100 leading universities. The University of Melbourne, Australia's second oldest…

Potts, Anthony



Raisin Bread Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students examine the idea of inflation in the Universe using rising raisin bread dough as a model for universal expansion. Students will read the Cosmic Times 1993 edition and use two articles: Pancake or Oatmeal Universe - What's for Breakfast and Inflation in the Universe to help them make observations. The students will observe a bowl of oatmeal to explain the lumpiness and smoothness of the universe. Then the students will use raisin bread to describe how the universe went through a period of inflation to expand into its current form today. This lesson is part of the Cosmic Times teacher guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1993 Cosmic Times Poster.


University contract research guidelines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns have been raised in the past few years over the increasing reliance of universities on contracts with outside agencies, public and private. These concerns have been the subject of meetings by the National Commission on Research, the Pajaro Dunes conference of university presidents and corporation executives, the Association of American Universities, and the Association of American University Professors, among others.The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) recently revised its “Policy #64: The University and Contract Research,” to address these issues in a way that “will help [university] administration and faculty act so that [their] relationship with government agencies or private industry will in no way violate the professional freedoms which have contributed so much to the status of American higher education.” The ACLU has followed the issue, it says, “because of our determination that contractual relationships proceed within a framework that protects fundamental academic freedoms.”


Enlistment Propensities of University Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Enlistment propensities of undergraduates were assessed through surveys conducted at Northwestern University, University of Arizona, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of Illinois-Chicago. The core finding was that there is a definite, a...

C. Moskos



The expansive nondecelerative universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that, among the models of the universe described by Friedmann's (1922, 1924) equations of universe dynamics, the only model which does not contradict observations is the model of a flat expansive nondecelerative universe (ENU), derived by Skalsky and Sukenik (1991, 1992) and Skalsky (1991). This model fulfills the conditions which result from the special theory of relativity, the general theory of relativity, and the quantum mechanics, and unites them in a complementary manner.

Skalsky, Vladimir



Welcome to the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A compliment to the Boston Museum of Science's exhibit, Welcome to the Universe is a "collection of web sites" aimed at teaching visitors about the Universe. Sites are organized into six categories: Patterns in the Sky, Size and Scale, Life Story of the Universe, Learning from Light, Additional Astronomy Resources, and Community Solar System. Each section provides a list of web sites and activities for hands-on learning.


The Internet University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet University, provided by Cape Software, is an annotated listing of over 300 college and university distance learning courses available via the Internet. Course information is arranged by subject from Arts to Sociology. Information is provided about the institution offering the course, as well as tuition, fees, and contact information. A "Providers" section organizes information by college or university. A "Research" section provides links to mailing lists, FTP sites, Usenet newsgroups, and telnet and Web sites with information about "online college and university study resources." In the future Cape Software plans an "Internet High School," with online high school and equivalency providers, and an "Internet Pilgrim," with online spiritual resources.


Universally Composable Commitments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new security measure for commitment protocols, called Universally Composable (UC) Commitment. The measure guarantees that commitment protocols behave like an \\\\ideal commitment service,\\

Ran Canetti; Marc Fischlin



Explore the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The new online exhibit, Explore the Universe, is provided by the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. The site "presents the major discoveries that have given us our current scientific view of the universe, illustrates how the universe is taking shape and probes the mysteries that remain." The exhibit, which is especially interesting when viewed with necessary browsers and multimedia software, delves into the history of space exploration from Galileo and the earliest ideas about the universe to the digital technology of today. The visually stunning exhibit should be enjoyable to explore and offers people of all ages a great way to learn about the human need to know what lies beyond.



The Chinese Television University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of China's Beijing Broadcasting and Television University: background, establishment, administration and structure, students, courses, teaching package, and course production. (JD)

McCormick, R.



Birth of inflationary universes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cosmological model is proposed in which the Universe is created by quantum tunneling from ''nothing'' into a de Sitter space. The tunneling is described by a de Sitter-- p Hawking--Moss instanton. After the tunneling, the model evolves along the lines of the inflationary scenario. It is argued that at any time there exist parts of the Universe which are

Alexander Vilenkin



Astronomy and the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With three levels to choose from on each page - beginner, intermediate or advanced - this site provides links to webpages that share information that relates to every element of the universe, like the cosmos, star dust, and planets. The information is shared in a clear and interesting way, with updated news and even universe maps.



Arizona State University. Exemplars.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses how the Arizona Board of Regents, which has governing authority over the state's three public universities, dealt with the inability of the universities to respond to new societal needs in a timely manner; a major impediment was felt to be tenure. After a series of meetings of administrators and faculty leaders, the Board…

Wegner, Gregory R.


The Enquiring University Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to an approach to professional development in which one's own teaching is a field of inquiry. The book explores the nature of the university teacher's inquiry and the importance of questioning personal and intellectual values in university teaching. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction to the Enquiry"; (2) "The Relationship…

Rowland, Stephen


University Rankings in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the mid 1990s of last Century, university rankings have become very popular in China. Six institutions have published such rankings; some of them have also detailed their ranking methodologies. This paper features a general introduction to university ranking in China, and to the methodologies of each ranking discussed. The paper also…

Liu, Nian Cai; Liu, Li



University Patent Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between university research and public need is discussed from both a historical and contemporary perspective. Examples are cited of European experiences in which there has been obvious industrial motivation for research performed by the universities. The author notes that there are no difficulties with the level of government…

Latker, Norman J.


Our Heirarchical Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses several hot topic questions in the astronomy world. For example, the expansion of the universe, dark matter, and how did giant superstructures form out of a smooth universe. There are many pictures and movie clips interspersed throughout the website.

Norman, Michael



University HRD Programs. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium is comprised of four papers on university human resource development (HRD) programs. "Passions for Excellence: HRD Graduate Programs at United States Universities" (K. Peter Kuchinke) presents an analysis of case studies that reveals convergent and divergent themes related to the genesis of programs and subsequent theoretical…



The Universal Solvent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five exemplary digital resource centers at the University of Virginia used by K-12 learners as well as by university students and faculty. These modern archives contain vast resources of thousands of primary sources, data sets, multimedia files, and analytical tools, all of which are electronically accessible to K-12 schools and…

Bull, Glen; Bull, Gina; Dawson, Kara



The Pennsylvania State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1855 as the Farmer's High School, the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) began as a small college in Centre County providing agricultural education to young men from regional farm families. Penn State became a land-grant university in 1863 following passage of the Morrill Act. Today, Penn State enrolls more than 83,000 students…

Burlingame, Philip J.; Dowhower, Andrea L.



The universal propagator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For a general Hamiltonian appropriate to a single canonical degree of freedom, a universal propagator with the property that it correctly evolves the coherent-state Hilbert space representatives for an arbitrary fiducial vector is characterized and defined. The universal propagator is explicitly constructed for the harmonic oscillator, with a result that differs from the conventional propagators for this system.

Klauder, John R.



University-industry interaction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is posited that university industry interaction is highly desirable from the viewpoint of the long term economic development of the country as well as being desirable for the Space Grant Programs. The present and future possible interactions are reviewed for the three university levels namely, undergraduate, graduate, and faculty research.

Hastings, Daniel E.



Understanding University Technology Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal government agencies provide about $33 billion a year to universities to conduct scientific research. That continuing investment expands human knowledge and helps educate the next generation of science and technology leaders. New discoveries from university research also form the basis for many new products and processes that benefit the…

Association of American Universities, 2011



Managing Tomorrow's University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issues addressed in this conference report concern budgeting, the resourceful manager, extramural funding, employer-employee interaction, management information systems, and management of the university in the future. Contents include: the keynote address by F. E. Balderston; "University Budgeting in an Era of Scarce Resources," by F. M. Bowen…

Michalak, Craig L., Ed.


Financing University Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the detailed mechanisms of the interplay of knowledge creation and economic growth have been discussed in great detail by endogenous growth theory, this paper is interested in assessing the role that universities play in the knowledge based economy. It does so at the example of best practice scenarios, as currently being undertaken by the University of Oxford, U.C. Berkeley,

Roya Ghafele



Marketing University Outreach Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of 12 essays and model program descriptions addresses issues in the marketing of university extension, outreach, and distance education programs. They include: (1) "Marketing and University Outreach: Parallel Processes" (William I. Sauser, Jr. and others); (2) "Segmenting and Targeting the Organizational Market" (Vaughan C. Judd); (3)…

Foster, Ralph S., Jr., Ed.; And Others


Modelling University Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twentieth century governance models used in public universities are subject to increasing doubt across the English-speaking world. Governments question if public universities are being efficiently governed; if their boards of trustees are adequately fulfilling their trust obligations towards multiple stakeholders; and if collegial models of…

Trakman, Leon



University Freedom in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Freedom means the right of the universities to do their scientific activities and to regulate and do the higher education through their organs. The three feet that make up the university freedom are scientific freedom, administrative freedom and financial freedom. Scientific freedom is realized by the freedom of the faculty and teaching staff and…

Dolasir, Semiyha



Scaling Down The Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A unit intended to teach children the size and scale of the Universe. Through hands-on manipulatives the students proceed in sequential stages to create four models, beginning with the Solar System and ending with the entire Universe. They also learn the distance of a light year.

Leger, Victor



The Expanding Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity demonstrates with balloons the expansion of the universe. Distances between points on the balloon are meausred as the balloon expands, showing how all are getting farther apart. After the activity the students are asked questions about the universe's expansion.

Slater, Tim P.



Marquette University Faculty Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1975 handbook is organized into five major sections: university objectives and organization; academic organization; faculty status, benefits, and responsibilities; general university facilities and services; and Milwaukee community services and opportunities. Academic organization focuses on the Office of Academic Affairs, Academic Senate and…

Marquette Univ., Milwaukee, WI.


Leveraging University Creativity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today, more than 200 universities are conducting R&D efforts across a broad range of sciences in support of the Department of Defense (DoD). Intricate parts of this research partnership are the University Affiliated Research Centers (UARC), which represen...

J. Broughton



New Openings in University-Industry Cooperation: Aalto University as the Forerunner of European University Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Innovation University (IU)--to be called the Aalto University after Alvav Aalto, a famous Finnish architect and MIT professor--is a new university which will be created through a merger of three existing universities: the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), the Helsinki School of Economics (HSE) and the University of Art and Design…

Markkula, Markku; Lappalainen, Pia



Central Michigan University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Central Michigan University serves Michigan and the larger community as a doctoral/research intensive public university focused on excellent teaching and student-focused learning. The University is committed to providing a broad range of undergraduate and graduate programs and services to prepare its students for varied roles as responsible citizens and leaders in a democratic and diverse society. Its programs encourage intellectual and moral growth, prepare students for meaningful careers and professions, instill the values of lifelong learning, and encourage civic responsibility, public service and understanding among social groups in a global society. The university emphasizes an undergraduate program that maintains a balance between general education and specialization. In addition to educational depth in at least one academic discipline or professional field, the university provides educational experiences in the arts, humanities, natural and social sciences, global cultures, and issues of race and diversity. The university offers selected high quality graduate programs in traditional disciplines and professional fields. Through its College of Extended Learning, the university provides access to higher education programs and lifelong learning opportunities both nationally and internationally through a variety of innovative instructional methods and schedules designed to meet the demands of adult populations. Central Michigan University encourages research, scholarship and creative activity and promotes the scholarly pursuit and dissemination of new knowledge, artistic production and applied research. Through its support of research, the university enhances the learning opportunities of both its undergraduate and graduate students and promotes economic, cultural and social development. The university�s sense of community is reflected through governance structures that allow broadbased participation, opportunities for close student-faculty interaction, and a rich array of residential and campus-based co-curricular activities. Through its partnerships and outreach efforts, the university promotes learning outsideof the traditional classroom and enhances the general welfare of society.

University, Central M.


University and Jepson Herbaria  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California Berkeley's "University Herbarium (UC) and Jepson Herbarium (JEPS) represent the largest collection of herbarium material west of the Missouri Botanical Garden and the largest at a public university in the United States." Visitors can discover the scientific uses of the many specimens held in the UC, which was established in 1895. The website describes the JEPS's research on systematics and floristics of vascular plants. Researchers and students can find concise overviews, articles, and publications about the Californian - Iranian Botanical Program, angiosperm and bryology studies, and additional botanical studies.


Karma, reincarnation, and medicine: Hindu perspectives on biomedical research.  


Prior to the completion of the Human Genome Project, bioethicists and other academics debated the impact of this new genetic information on medicine, health care, group identification, and peoples' lives. A major issue is the potential for unintended and intended adverse consequences to groups and individuals. When conducting research in, for instance, American Indian and Alaskan native (AI/AN) populations, political, cultural, religious and historical issues must be considered. Among African Americans, the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment is a reminder of racism and discrimination in this country. The goal of the current study is to understand reasons for participating, or not, in genetic research such as the HapMap project and other genetic/medical research from the perspective of the Indian American community in Houston, Texas. In this article, we report on a topic central to this discussion among Indian Americans: karma and reincarnation. Both concepts are important beliefs when considering the body and what should happen to it. Karma and reincarnation are also important considerations in participation in medical and genetic research because, according to karma, what is done to the body can affect future existences and the health of future descendants. Such views of genetic and medical research are culturally mediated. Spiritual beliefs about the body, tissue, and fluids and what happens to them when separated from the body can influence ideas about the utility and acceptability of genetic research and thereby affect the recruitment process. Within this community it is understood that genetic and environmental factors contribute to complex diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cancer; and acknowledgment of the significance of environmental stressors in the production of disease. A commitment to service, i.e. "betterment of humanity," karmic beliefs, and targeting environmental stressors could be prominent avenues for public health campaigns in this population. This study suggests that minority status does not automatically indicate unwillingness to participate in genetic or medical research. Indian Americans were not skeptical about the potential benefits of biomedical research in comparison to other ethnic minority communities in the United States. PMID:19479363

Hutchinson, Janis Faye; Sharp, Richard



Transformative rituals among Hindu women in the Telugu region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Popular Hinduism in rural India abounds with many village and domestic rituals. In the latter category, puberty, pregnancy and death rituals appear very prominent among the womenfolk of the Telugu region. Of these, the death ritual, the worship of a deceased married woman whose husband is still alive, is especially important because it exemplifies the dominant theme of these rituals

N. Sudhakar Rao



The Number 71.428571 in Hindu Cosmology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The repeating cyclic fraction, 1/7, provides a plausible explanation for use of the number 71.428571 (71 and 3/7) in cosmology; for 22/7 as a value for pi; and for concepts of time and circle division related to breaths per minute. (Author/MKR)

Haga, Enoch



The German University System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The German system of higher education is described under consideration of the recent changes. Also covered are degrees granted, the organization of the universities, the social status of the degree holder, the role of the professions. The report is intend...

R. T. Schneider



Cosmology: A virtual Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A numerical simulation of cosmic structure formation reproduces both large- and smaller-scale features of a representative volume of the Universe from early in its history to the present day. See Article p.177

Boylan-Kolchin, Michael



Marquette University Neuroanatomical Dissection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information regarding Marquette University' Neuroanatomical Dissection Summer Course. The focus of the course is an intensive review of the brain and spinal cord. Participants will spend a portion of the course dissecting a cadaver.

Marquette University (Marquette University)



The Molecular Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Molecular Universe provides accessible information on molecules and molecular systems. It provides images and explanatory text on topics such as Building in Three Dimensions, Boundaries and Barriers, and The Molecules of Life.

Catlow, Richard



BUG BITBUS Universal Gateway.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The BITBUS Universal Gateway (BUG) provides a unique, cost effective solution to many different computer interface problems. Each BUG node, utilizing ''on board'' intelligence, has the ability to provide a communication link between BITBUS protocol and ot...

G. Nawrocki



Best-fit universe.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Inflation provides very strong motivation for a flat Universe, Harrison-Zel'dovich (constant-curvature) perturbations, and cold dark matter. However, there are a number of cosmological observations that conflict with the predictions of the simplest such m...

M. S. Turner



The hidden universe  

SciTech Connect

Astronomer Disney has followed a somewhat different tack than that of most popular books on cosmology by concentrating on the notion of hidden (as in not directly observable by its own radiation) matter in the universe.

Disney, M.



University-Industry Interaction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is posited that university industry interaction is highly desirable from the viewpoint of the long term economic development of the country as well as being desirable for the Space Grant Programs. The present and future possible interactions are review...

D. E. Hastings



Association of American Universities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1900, the Association of American Universities (AAU) initially consisted of the fourteen universities that offered the Ph.D. degree. Currently their number includes 60 American universities and two Canadian universities. The AAU's overall mission is to develop national policy positions of primary relevance to academic research and graduate and professional education. Of course, the organization's work also extends to other germane areas, including timely discussion of undergraduate education. On the AAU site, visitors can learn about the organization's most recent work, read about its positions on intellectual property issues, and peruse the latest AAU newsletters. The section of the site dedicated to internally produced reports will be of great interest to some, as it contains helpful work on such topics as "Reinvigorating the Humanities: Enhancing Research and Education on Campus and Beyond."


A-Temporal Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In scientific experiments we observe irreversible material change.. Physical time exists only as a stream of this change. Newton's time is only a concept through which one experiences irreversible stream of change. Universe is an a-temporal phenomena

Sorli, A.; Sorli, I.



University/industry research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problems encountered in mixing industrial and university research goals can be major, but so can the benefits. The National Science Board (NSB) recently released a report on “University-Industry Research Relationships: Selected Studies” (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983). It is an analysis of the much-discussed new trend toward increased industrial funding of university research projects.University laboratories cannot generally solve industry's R&D problems. Success for the corporation in sponsoring academic research is realized in the value of cooperative research programs as training exercises for future industrial scientists. An occasional patent arising from such a project is considered an added benefit, not a primary goal.

Bell, Peter M.


The 3-D Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Moveable Museum article, available as a printable PDF file, looks at how astronomers use data to create 3-D models of the universe. Explore these concepts further using the recommended resources mentioned in this reading selection.


Universal planetary tectonics (supertectonics)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal planetary tectonics (supertectonics) G. Kochemasov IGEM of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, The wave planetology [1-3 & others] proceeds from the following: \\

G. G. Kochemasov



Universal router concept  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Portable universal router can cut holes of large diameter and irregular shapes, machine recesses, and drill holes with certain edge-distance limitations. Rectangular and round holes may be cut without a template.

Pesch, W. A.



Expanding the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proceedings of the International Conference EXPANDING THE UNIVERSE, On the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the Tartu Observatory, Tartu, Estonia 2011 April 27-29. C. Sterken, L. Leedjarv, E. Tempel (Eds.)

Sterken, Christiaan; Leedjärv, Laurits; Tempel, Elmo



Universality in sandpile models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A classification of sandpile models into universality classes is presented. On the basis of extensive numerical simulations, in which we measure an extended set of exponents, the Manna two-state model [S. S. Manna,

J. Phys. A. 24, L363 (1991)
] is found to belong to a universality class of random neighbor models which is distinct from the universality class of the original model of Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld [P. Bak, C. Tang, and K. Wiesenfeld,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 381 (1987)
]. Directed models are found to belong to a universality class which includes the directed model introduced and solved by Dhar and Ramaswamy [D. Dhar and R. Ramaswamy,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1659 (1989)

Ben-Hur, Asa; Biham, Ofer



University of Arizona - 2

Programs and Projects Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials - University of Arizona (Multicenter Sites) Agent: Selenium yeast Contact: Frederick Ahmann, MD DCP Program Director: Howard Parnes, MD The purpose of this study is to see if selenium in the form of


California's "Free" Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heliotrope, Orpheus, and Communiversity, San Francisco's three free universities, offer curricula with combinations of alchemy, magic, Volkswagen repairs, options in education, dance, conversational Mandarin, basic plumbing, and brain wave experiences. (Author/PG)

Cudhea, David



University of California  

NSF Publications Database

In January 1997, HHS concluded that the University's RMS costing methodology was not in compliance with OMB Circular A-21, Cost Principles for Educational Institutions, for direct-charging administrative and clerical costs to federal awards. F&A costs are synonymous with the term "indirect costs." 2 Inconsistent Costing Leads to Excessive Charges Contrary to federal regulations, the University added administrative and clerical costs as RMS charges directly to NSF awards. However, the ...


Universal entanglement concentration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new protocol of \\\\textit{universal} entanglement concentration, which converts many copies of an \\\\textit{unknown} pure state to an \\\\textit{% exact} maximally entangled state. The yield of the protocol, which is outputted as a classical information, is probabilistic, and achives the entropy rate with high probability, just as non-universal entanglement concentration protocols do. Our protocol is optimal among all

Keiji Matsumoto; Masahito Hayashi



Age of the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Some scientists say the universe is 10 billion years old; others say it is 20 billion. The problem is that different methods of measuring give different answers. This radio broadcast considers 2 methods: determining the age of stars; and determining the speed and distance of stars. The conflict in the two methods points to possible problems in the theory of the expanding universe or the lifetime of stars. The clip is 2 minutes in length.


The Runaway Universe  

SciTech Connect

The Universe appears to be flat, accelerating and lightweight. In this talk, I will explain what these terms mean, how we developed this view and its implications. I will also discuss the connection between cosmology and particle physics experiments being conducted at accelerators and in underground laboratories. I will conclude with a description of some proposed telescopes that will help us understand much more about the geometry, expansion and contents of our Universe.

Blanford, Roger



Dance Links University Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the highlights of the Dance Links Web site , compiled mainly from information provided by dance videographer Amy Reusch, is the University Dance Departments pointers page, a collection of pointers to over 150 U.S. University Dance departments, as well as departments in Australia, Canada, Finland, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. Dance Links also points to resources related to dance companies, performance listings, publications, organizations, funding, dance schools, dancers, and other dance indexes.


Generic Universe Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ownership is a powerful concept to structure the object store and to control aliasing and modifications of objects. This paper presents an ownership type system for a Java-like programming language with generic types. Like our earlier Universe type system, Generic Universe Types enforce the owner-as-modifier discipline. This discipline does not restrict aliasing, but requires modifications of an object to be

Werner Dietl; Sophia Drossopoulou; Peter Müller



The Runaway Universe  


The Universe appears to be flat, accelerating and lightweight. In this talk, I will explain what these terms mean, how we developed this view and its implications. I will also discuss the connection between cosmology and particle physics experiments being conducted at accelerators and in underground laboratories. I will conclude with a description of some proposed telescopes that will help us understand much more about the geometry, expansion and contents of our Universe.


Physics of the universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ch. 1. Physics of the universe. Introduction. Is Newton's theory an explanation of gravity? The expanding universe. The oscillating universe cosmology. The theory of general relativity. The role of space and time. Geometry and matter. Generalization of Einstein's field equations. A unified field theory -- ch. 2. A language of cosmology: the mathematical basis of general relativity. Introduction. Einstein's tensor formulation. The Riemann curvature tensor. The geodesic equation. The vacuum equation. The crucial tests of general relativity. The logic of the spacetime language -- ch. 3. A unified field theory in general relativity: extension from the tensor to the quaternion language. Introduction. Factorization of Einstein's tensor field equations. The Riemann curvature tensor in quaternion form. The quaternion metrical field equations. A symmetric tensor-antisymmetric tensor representation of general relativity - gravity and electromagnetism. The Einstein field equations from the symmetric tensor part. The Maxwell field equations from the antisymmetric tensor part. Conclusions -- ch. 4. An oscillating, spiral universe cosmology. introduction. Dynamics of the expansion and contraction of the universe. Dynamics of the oscillating universe cosmology. Derivation of the Hubble law as an approximation. The spiral structure of the universe. Concluding remarks -- ch. 5. Dark matter. Introduction. The field equations and the ground state solution for the bound particle-antiparticle pair. Olber's paradox -- ch. 6. Concluding remarks. Black holes. Pulsars. On the human race and cosmology -- ch. 7. Philosophical considerations. On truth. Positivism versus realism, subjectivity versus objectivity. On Mach's influence in physics and cosmology. References and notes -- Postscript. Physics in the 21st century. Holism. The universe. The Mach principle and the origin of inertia from general relativity.

Sachs, Mendel


University contracts summary book  

SciTech Connect

The principal objectives of the Fossil Energy Program are to seek new ideas, new data, fundamental knowledge that will support the ongoing programs, and new processes to better utilize the nation's fossil energy resources with greater efficiency and environmental acceptability. Toward this end, the Department of Energy supports research projects conducted by universities and colleges to: Ensure a foundation for innovative technology through the use of the capabilities and talents in our academic institutions; provide an effective, two-way channel of communication between the Department of Energy and the academic community; and ensure that trained technical manpower is developed to carry out basic and applied research in support of DOE's mission. Fossil Energy's university activities emphasize the type of research that universities can do best - research to explore the potential of novel process concepts, develop innovative methods and materials for improving existing processes, and obtain fundamental information on the structure of coal and mechanisms of reactions of coal, shale oil, and other fossil energy sources. University programs are managed by different Fossil Energy technical groups; the individual projects are described in greater detail in this book. It is clear that a number of research areas related to the DOE Fossil Energy Program have been appropriate for university involvement, and that, with support from DOE, university scientific and technical expertise can be expected to continue to play a significant role in the advancement of fossil energy technology in the years to come.




University/Industry Cooperative Interactions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Factors essential to getting a more successful cooperative arrangement between university and industry are summarized: A high commitment by both faculty and high level administrators at the university to the concept of creating a recognized university res...

J. A. Bonnet J. T. Pytlinski



Commentary: University-Industry Alliances.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses issues and assesses developments in research and development collaborative efforts between universities and industry. Provides an historical context and explores current industry-university alliances. (ML)

Nelkin, Dorothy; And Others



University Reactor Instrumentation Program  

SciTech Connect

Recognizing that the University Reactor Instrumentation Program was developed in response to widespread needs in the academic community for modernization and improvement of research and training reactors at institutions such as the University of Florida, the items proposed to be supported by this grant over its two year period have been selected as those most likely to reduce foreed outages, to meet regulatory concerns that had been expressed in recent years by Nuclear Regulatory Commission inspectors or to correct other facility problems and limitations. Department of Energy Grant Number DE-FG07-90ER129969 was provided to the University of Florida Training Reactor(UFTR) facility through the US Department of Energy's University Reactor Instrumentation Program. The original proposal submitted in February, 1990 requested support for UFTR facility instrumentation and equipment upgrades for seven items in the amount of $107,530 with $13,800 of this amount to be the subject of cost sharing by the University of Florida and $93,730 requested as support from the Department of Energy. A breakdown of the items requested and total cost for the proposed UFTR facility instrumentation and equipment improvements is presented.

Vernetson, W.G.



University teaching - where next?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A one-day workshop will take place on 23 April 1999 at the University of Edinburgh's Conference and Training Centre to consider the topic `The future of university teaching? Multimedia, web and new technologies'. The workshop is being organized by Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre and will be attended by experts in distance learning from various institutions including the Clyde Virtual University and the Open University, plus a speaker from the USA. They will present case studies of the opportunities new technologies provide for higher education, covering all aspects from development of electronic courses through delivery mechanisms to user feedback. There is certainly an increasing need for quality teaching materials and new ways of learning. The workshop will aim to discuss how those involved in university teaching can benefit from new developments such as multimedia, the Internet, as well as new computing and networking technologies. Participation is free, with lunch and refreshments provided. More information and registration details can be found at or by e-mail to



An output comparison of open university and conventional university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous economic studies of the Open University have concentrated on the cost side; this paper looks at the output of the Open University compared to conventional universities. In 1976 multiple choice questions were included in the two second level economics examination papers (D222 and D282); norming data for these questions had already been generated for thousands of university students from

Keith Lumsden; Alex Scott



Who Should Go to University? Justice in University Admissions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current debates regarding justice in university admissions most often approach the question of access to university from a technical, policy-focussed perspective. Despite the attention that access to university receives in the press and policy literature, ethical discussion tends to focus on technical matters such as who should pay for university

Kotzee, Ben; Martin, Christopher



Music of the Universe  

SciTech Connect

Scientists are quite familiar with what a supernova looks like — when these stars are destroyed in the most massive explosions in the universe, they leave their mark as one of the brightest objects in space, at least for several weeks. While the supernova can be seen, it cant be heard, as sound waves cannot travel through space. But what if the light waves emitted by the exploding star and other cosmological phenomena could be translated into sound? Thats the idea behind a Rhythms of the Universe, a musical project to sonify the universe by Grateful Dead percussionist and Grammy award-winning artist Mickey Hart that caught the attention of Nobel Prize-winning astrophysicist George Smoot of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Sounds courtesy of Keith Jackson. Images courtesy of NASA




Universality in network dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite significant advances in characterizing the structural properties of complex networks, a mathematical framework that uncovers the universal properties of the interplay between the topology and the dynamics of complex systems continues to elude us. Here we develop a self-consistent theory of dynamical perturbations in complex systems, allowing us to systematically separate the contribution of the network topology and dynamics. The formalism covers a broad range of steady-state dynamical processes and offers testable predictions regarding the system's response to perturbations and the development of correlations. It predicts several distinct universality classes whose characteristics can be derived directly from the continuum equation governing the system's dynamics and which are validated on several canonical network-based dynamical systems, from biochemical dynamics to epidemic spreading. Finally, we collect experimental data pertaining to social and biological systems, demonstrating that we can accurately uncover their universality class even in the absence of an appropriate continuum theory that governs the system's dynamics.

Barzel, Baruch; Barabási, Albert-László



The Biological Universe Revisited  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cosmic Evolution has been seen as leading to two possible world views: a physical universe in which life is rare or unique to Earth, and a biological universe, in which the processes of cosmic evolution commonly end in life. These two worldviews now hang in the balance, in the same way that the heliocentric and geocentric worldviews were in the balance four hundred years ago when Galileo wrote his Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems (1632). Astrobiology is the science that will decide which of the two modern astronomical worldviews is true. A third world view, the postbiological universe, is also possible and deserves more discussion. The confirmation of one of these worldviews will have profound implications for human destiny.

Dick, Steven J.



The Biological Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout the twentieth century, from the furor over Percival Lowell's claim of canals on Mars to the sophisticated Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, otherworldly life has often intrigued and occasionally consumed science and the public. The Biological Universe provides a rich and colorful history of the attempts during the twentieth century to answer questions such as whether "biological law" reigns throughout the universe and whether there are other histories, religions, and philosophies outside those on Earth. Covering a broad range of topics, including the search for life in the solar system, the origins of life, UFOs, and aliens in science fiction, Steven J. Dick shows how the concept of extraterrestrial intelligence is a world view of its own, a "biophysical cosmology" that seeks confirmation no less than physical views of the universe. This book will fascinate astronomers, historians of science, biochemists, and science fiction readers.

Dick, Steven J.



Creation of the universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Philosophical aspects of current cosmological theories are explored in an introduction for general readers. Chapters are devoted to the physical implications of an ancient Chinese story, expansion without a center, the age of the universe, the finiteness or infiniteness of space, visible and invisible matter, the birth of order from chaos, and the thermal history of the universe. Consideration is given to the synthesis of elements, the origin of asymmetry, the inflation of vacuum, the physics of the first move, and the anthropic principle and physical constants. Diagrams and drawings are provided.

Fang, Li Zhi; Li, Shu Xian


College and University Rankings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College and University Rankings, compiled by Nancy P. O'Brien, Head of the Education and Social Science Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, provides an annotated list of resources that rank higher education institutions. The list of ranking resources is conveniently divided into five sections: general/undergraduate, graduate, business, law, and international. However, this site is not merely a list of sites; it also includes an informative essay entitled Caution and Controversy, which questions and evaluates the methods and usefulness of ranking services, and provides users with electronic and print resources for the independent assessment of ranking services.


The Gaia Universe Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ESA Gaia astrometric mission has been designed to create an extraordinarily precise 3D map of about one billion of stars throughout the Galaxy and beyond. The Gaia Universe Model provides the astronomical sources - with their 3D position, velocity, magnitude and physical parameters- required to generate the simulated data for the development and testing of the massive data reduction software. Different types of objects, both galactic and extra-galactic, are provided by the model, including normal stars, several types of variable stars, supernovae, unresolved stars or quasars. A full description of the Gaia Universe Model can be found in Robin et. al 2012 (Astronomy & Astrophysics, 453, A100).

Masana, E.; Luri, X.; Borrachero, R.; Robin, A.; Jordi, C.



Boston University Digital Common  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Boston University has a range of scholars, from those who research the hospitality field to others who are fascinated by the world of photonics. The University's Digital Common Repository contains thousands of documents and publications that span this wide range, authored or co-authored by BU faculty, students, and staff. The different communities here are divided into sections that include College of Arts and Sciences, Centers & Institutes, and Metropolitan College. Visitors will find religious sermons, pieces of music, working economics papers, and a vast cornucopia of other materials. Also, visitors are encouraged to use the Browse feature to look for documents by title, subject, author, or date.


Hypercharge-universal topcolor  

SciTech Connect

We propose and discuss the phenomenology of a topcolor-assisted technicolor model with a flavor-universal hypercharge sector. After discussing the symmetry-breaking pattern and low-energy effective Lagrangian, we examine various experimental and theoretical constraints, finding that precision electroweak measurements yield the strongest bounds on the model. We perform a combined fit to all available Z-pole and LEP2 data and find that the goodness of fit for hypercharge-universal topcolor is comparable to that of the standard model. In contrast, topcolor-assisted technicolor models with a flavor nonuniversal hypercharge sector are markedly disfavored by the data.

Braam, Felix; Flossdorf, Michael; Chivukula, R. Sekhar; Di Chiara, Stefano; Simmons, Elizabeth H. [Institute of Physics, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg (Germany); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)



Universities Water Information Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Universities Water Information Network (UWIN), located at Southern Illinois University in Carbondale, Illinois, "disseminates information of interest to the water resources community and all concerned with our water resources." Although much of the site is accessed by paid subscription only, several resources are offered free to anyone. A database of water related consulting firms contains contact information, including name, acronym, postal address, phone, fax, email, and contact person. Another helpful resource, the organizations database, lists water resource agencies, organizations, and institutions in the US, Caribbean, and Central America. Other items of interest include job listings, press releases, and more.



Does the universe supercool?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The existence of a supercooled phase transition in the very early universe can have important consequences such as inflation. This is often modelled by a Coleman-Weinberg potential. A Monte Carlo simulation is performed in such a potential to produce the phase diagram, and the results suggest that the phase transition is second order for small values of the gauge coupling constant. However, it is possible to establish by heuristic arguments that the universe still supercools provided that the expansion rate satisfies a certain inequality during the phase transition.

Moss, I. G.; Wright, W. A.



The Biological Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction; 1. From the physical world to the biological universe: Democritus to Lowell; 2. Plurality of worlds and the decline of anthropocentrism; 3. The solar system: the limits of observation; 4. Solar systems beyond: the limits of theory; 5. Extraterrestrials in literature and the arts: the role of imagination; 6. The UFO controversy: on perception and deception; 7. The origin and evolution of life in the extraterrestrial context; 8. SETI: the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence; 9. The convergence of disciplines: birth of a new science; 10. The meaning of life; Summary and conclusion: the biological universe and the limits of science.

Dick, Steven J.



The Biological Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction; 1. From the physical world to the biological universe: Democritus to Lowell; 2. Plurality of worlds and the decline of anthropocentrism; 3. The solar system: the limits of observation; 4. Solar systems beyond: the limits of theory; 5. Extraterrestrials in literature and the arts: the role of imagination; 6. The UFO controversy: on perception and deception; 7. The origin and evolution of life in the extraterrestrial context; 8. SETI: the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence; 9. The convergence of disciplines: birth of a new science; 10. The meaning of life; Summary and conclusion: the biological universe and the limits of science.

Dick, Steven J.



Imaging the early universe  

SciTech Connect

An international team of cosmologists has released the first detailed images of the universe in its infancy. The images reveal the structure that existed when the universe was a tiny fraction of its current age and 1,000 times smaller and hotter than it is today. Research carried out as part of this project is shedding light on some of cosmology's long-standing mysteries, such as the nature of the matter and energy that dominate intergalactic space and whether space is ''curved'' or ''flat.''(c) 2000 Optical Society of America.

Krupa, Tyler J. [Optical Society of America, 2010 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 (United States)



Universals in the World's Musics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many decades of skepticism have prevented the field of musicology from embracing the importance of musical universals. When universals "have" been discussed, it has generally been in the form of meta-critiques about the concept of universals, rather than in positive proposals about actual universals. We present here a typology of four categories…

Brown, Steven; Jordania, Joseph



Technology Transfer and the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commercialization of university research and the growing importance of technology transfer is examined through discussing and comparing the history of technology transfer and its organization in four major American research universities: University of California, Berkley; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Stanford University; and…

Matkin, Gary W.


Universe reheating after inflation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the problem of scalar particle production after inflation by an inflaton field which is oscillating rapidly relative to the expansion of the universe. We use the framework of the chaotic inflation scenario with quartic and quadratic inflaton potentials. Particles produced are described by a quantum scalar field chi, which is coupled to the inflaton via linear and quadratic

Y. Shtanov; J. Traschen; R. Brandenberger



Life in the Universe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The belief that life exists in the universe is an optimism shared by many. With several manned missions expected to be carried out in the future, the possibility of discovering life in outer space will revolutionize the field of astrobiology. In this article, the author presents a summary of recent developments and discoveries made in the search…

Lowman, Paul D., Jr.



The New Spongiform University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The great works of Western civilization, long held up to college students as models of human achievement, are rapidly being replaced by trivia and by multicultural and poststructural studies. With the growth of postmodern studies has come a decline in broad-based core requirements. This paper recommends rooting postmodernism out of the university

de Russy, Candace



Glasgow University's Buoyant Scheme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

LearningWorks, an employee development program for University of Glasgow staff, grants training allowances to pay for learning on their own time. In the first year, 43% of eligible employees participated in a wide range of accessible learning opportunities. (SK)

Maclachlan, Kathy



Personnel Management. Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is one of 10 completed in the Ohio Management Improvement Program (MIP) during the 1971-73 biennium. In this project, Ohio's 34 public universities and colleges, in an effort directed and staffed by the Ohio Board of Regents, have developed manuals of management practices, in this case, concerning personnel management. Emphasis in this…

Ohio Board of Regents, Columbus. Management Improvement Program.


Washington's Instant University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the problems involved in merging Federal City College (FCC), District of Columbia Teachers College (DCTC), and Washington Technical Institute (WTI) into the University of the District of Columbia (DCU) by September 1976. Background of the three public institutions and legislation by the 93rd Congress mandating the consolidation are…

Gordon, Suzanne



University of Michigan

The establishment of this In vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Center (ICMIC) will provide for multidisciplinary interactions between scientists located at the Van Andel Institute and the University of Michigan. The ICMIC will provide the framework for channeling these interactions into fully developed and novel applications in the field of molecular imaging.


College and University Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Currents" reviews some of the recent developments in planning techniques for colleges and universities; statewide or regional planning problems are not considered. Following a discussion of planning and its benefits, the process of planning is reviewed and two case studies of planning are examined. Special attention is focused on…

Harvey, James


Entrepreneurial Planning: Tufts University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on key strategic decisions taken at Tufts University (Massachusetts) under President Jean Mayer noting the role of formal planning and institutional research. Initiatives in the following areas are described: the School of Veterinary Medicine, nutrition, environmental management, entrepreneurial liberation, fund raising, and a…

Dunn, John A.



Best National Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A ranking of 229 universities in the United States provides survey information concerning academic reputation, student selectivity, faculty resources, financial resources, retention, alumni giving, college entrance examination scores, freshmen's high school rank, acceptance and yield rates, student/faculty ratio, expenditures per student, class…

U.S. News & World Report, 1996



A University Admissions System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a mathematical programming model that will make admit/reject decisions for freshman university applicants. The model is intended to aid reviewers in producing better, more consistent decisions. The author shows that a linear programming formulation will provide an efficient and practical solution for all but a very few applicants.…

Ittig, Peter T.



University of Washington

The mechanism to be used by the investigators is the development and testing of methods in tandem with existing clinical cancer trials that include PET imaging. This includes imaging studies performed locally at the University of Washington, in small multi-center trials as part of a regional network directed by our cancer center, and as a participant in national multi-center trials.


Baby universe theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We give an elementary review of the so called 'the theory of baby universes' which is a series of ideas or speculations about some effects in quantum gravity, viz. the effect of a certain type of wormholes, representing the exchange of small 3-space unive...

H. B. Nielsen M. Ninomiya



Overseas Universities 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational policies and programs in overseas universities of developing nations are explored in a series of nine articles. In "Development and the Role of the Humanities," Sir Cyril Philips calls for a reconsideration of the role of the humanities in the educational policies of developing nations and international aid-giving agencies. Malcolm…

Harris, R. G., Ed.


Universal Indicator Rainbow Trout  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity on page 2 of the PDF, learners discover how color changes can help scientists distinguish between acids and bases. Learners create colorful rainbow trout artwork using universal indicator solution and various household liquids. Safety note: learners must wear safety goggles.

Society, American C.



University Reactor Instrumentation Grant  

SciTech Connect

A noble gas air monitoring system was purchased through the University Reactor Instrumentation Grant Program. This monitor was installed in the Kansas State TRIGA reactor bay at a location near the top surface of the reactor pool according to recommendation by the supplier. This system is now functional and has been incorporated into the facility license.

S. M. Bajorek



Universities Are Funny Places!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities are funny places. They have a strong sense of hierarchy and rank. They have an amazing disparity in salary levels and status between staff, are class conscious, and are run by a large bureaucracy that oils and keeps the machinery going. They operate as educational institutions and yet also are entrepreneurial, marketing themselves in…

Lawless, Ann



Mapping the Universe.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Galaxies congregate into clusters, clusters amass into superclusters and so on - at every observed scale, as astronomers build maps of the sky, they find matter organized into clumps. Yet taken as a whole, the texture of the universe is smooth, in keeping with theory. A new "music of the spheres" may explain how ordered structures emerged from the original smooth chaos.

Landy, S. D.



Creating Adaptable Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shifting demographics, rising costs of operations, a changing competitive landscape, reductions in state appropriations, pressures for accountability, and a widespread economic decline characterize the environment in which today's colleges and universities operate. This article examines some of the current responses to these challenges and…

Spanier, Graham B.



A Non Singular Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last chapter of my PhD thesis, contained my first singularity theorem. This showed that under certain reasonable conditions, any cosmological solution of the field equations, would have a big bang singularity. At this singularity, classical general relativity would break down, so one could not use it to predict how the universe began. It was therefore necessary to develop a

Stephen Hawking



Time and the Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cosmological parameters are well defined now, after the satellite WMAP has measured anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background with high accuracy. Adding to this the information from the Hubble diagram of type Ia supernovae, and from the analysis of the large scale galaxy distribution, we find that we live in a Universe that undergoes accelerated expansion. The energy densities

Gerhard Börner



The University as Microcosm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper puts forward the model of "microcosm-macrocosm" isomorphism encapsulated in certain philosophical views on the form of university education. The human being as a "microcosm" should reflect internally the external "macrocosm". Higher Education is a socially instituted attempt to guide human beings into forming themselves as microcosms of…

Kaldis, Byron



University for Masses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education, a basic need, is the foundation of developing countries such as Bangladesh. Ignorance and illiteracy are obstacles to growth and technological progress. Formal schooling must be supplemented with nonformal education, distance education, and out-of-school education for workers who want to continue their studies. Universities must develop…

Sharma, Motilal


Community University Research Agreement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the process of engaging the extended Indigenous community within Saskatoon and the surrounding First Nations communities in what would be a first major research project between Indigenous communities and the University of Saskatchewan. A management committee was established comprised of all the major Saskatoon/Saskatchewan…

Settee, Priscilla; Thomas-Prokop, Shelley



Teaching Geomorphology at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geomorphology courses in British universities emphasize the main landform/process systems rather than more abstract concepts. Recommends a more theoretical focus on fundamental geomorphic processes and methodological problems. Available from: Faculty of Modern Studies, Oxford Polytechnic, Headington, Oxford OX3 OBP, England. (Author/AV)

Sugden, David; Hamilton, Patrick



Universal Design for Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the Universal Design for Learning that provides students with multiple representations of information. Highlights include a graduate course that offered printed materials, online text, movies, videotapes, and a Web site; providing multiple representations of content for students with disabilities; and multiple options for expressing…

O'Neill, Lucinda M.



Universities in Their Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities often seem to be far more concerned about their international connections than their local relationships. The local context seems not to matter much either to their jetsetting vice-chancellors or to their lecturers and researchers under pressure to get papers published in obscure journals. That is how it may seem, but it is not…

Robinson, Fred



Langston University. A History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oklahoma's Langston University, a land-grant college founded under the Morrill Act of 1890, is described. Its founding and growth in the Oklahoma Territory was intertwined with that of black settlers--new arrivals in the territory, some of them former slaves who gathered to establish a farming community and built a higher education institution for…

Patterson, Zella J. Black; Wert, Lynette L.


Masters of the universe?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MEETING REPORT Massive stars make a profound impact on their surroundings, their galaxies and the evolution of the universe as a whole. Matt Austin and Dave Stock report on an RAS Discussion Meeting that considered current progress in understanding these complex stars.

Austin, Matt; Stock, Dave



University Training Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the 24 Reading Recovery University Training Centers (UTCs) in North America. It notes that although each training center performs similar functions, they are all very different. It states that the first and probably the most visible function involves the wide scope of training, and that another function of the UTCs that…

Bufalino, Janet, Ed.



A Polarized Universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The CMB polarization was produced as light scattered off a primordial cloud of protons and electrons nearly 14 billion years ago, about 400,000 years after the Big Bang. This marks the moment of recombination, when the universe finally cooled enough to allow electrons to join protons. The CMB is the light that broke through the fog.

Wanjek, Christopher



Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This kit presents all components of the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test (UNIT), a newly developed instrument designed to measure the general intelligence and cognitive abilities of children and adolescents (ages 5 through 17) who may be disadvantaged by traditional verbal and language-loaded measures such as children with speech, language,…

Bracken, Bruce A.; McCallum, R. Steve


The University Needs "You"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities need English education professors who know what it is to teach five classes a day, accommodate IEPs, and still take on extracurricular activities. They need English education professors who not only present at NCTE Annual Conventions, but who also want to be in schools talking to teachers on a regular basis. They need…

Webb, Allen



University Community Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is of an omnibus survey of campus attitudes conducted by the Survey Research Center (SRC) of the State University of New York at Buffalo. Its primary purpose was to provide accurate information as a basis for effective decisions by institutional policy makers. A random sample of 326 students, 98 faculty, and 95 staff participated in…

Francis, John Bruce; Lewis, Steven


Universal Index System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Universal Index System (UIS) is an index management system that uses a uniform interface to solve the heterogeneity problem among database management systems. UIS provides an easy-to-use common interface to access all underlying data, but also allows different underlying database management systems, storage representations, and access methods.

Kelley, Steve; Roussopoulos, Nick; Sellis, Timos; Wallace, Sarah



Explorers of the Universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Explorers of the Universe is a multifaceted scientific/literacy project that involves teachers and their students with problem oriented situations using authentic materials. This paper presents examples of self-directed cases researched by high school students and the met acognitive tools they use in the planning, carrying out, and finalizing their reports.

Alvarez, Marino C.; Busby, Michael R.; Sotoohi, Goli; Rodriguez, William J.; Hennig, Lee Ann; Berenty, Jerry; King, Terry; Grener, Doreen; Kruzan, John



NRC Targets University Reactors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) wants universities to convert to low-grade fuel in their research reactions. Researchers claim the conversion, which will bring U.S. reactors in line with a policy the NRC is trying to impress on foreigners, could be financially and scientifically costly. Impact of the policy is considered. (JN)

Marshall, Eliot



Colorado State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colorado State University (CSU) is located in Fort Collins, which is a midsize city of 134,000 situated in Northern Colorado at the western edge of the Great Plains and at the base of the Rocky Mountains. CSU's total enrollment is approximately 25,000 students. The Division of Student Affairs comprises 30 departments organized into programmatic…

McKelfresh, David A.; Bender, Kim K.



Universal nonlinear entanglement witnesses  

SciTech Connect

We give a universal recipe for constructing nonlinear entanglement witnesses able to detect nonclassical correlations in arbitrary systems of distinguishable and/or identical particles for an arbitrary number of constituents. The constructed witnesses are expressed in terms of expectation values of observables. As such, they are, at least in principle, measurable in experiments.

Kotowski, Marcin; Kotowski, Michal [College of Inter-Faculty Individual Studies in Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Warsaw University, PL-Warszawa (Poland); Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Aleja Lotnikow 32/44, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Kus, Marek [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Aleja Lotnikow 32/44, PL-02-668 Warszawa (Poland)



The Biological Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the twentieth century, from the furor over Percival Lowell's claim of canals on Mars to the sophisticated Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, otherworldly life has often intrigued and occasionally consumed science and the public. The Biological Universe provides a rich and colorful history of the attempts during the twentieth century to answer questions such as whether \\

Steven J. Dick



The Biological Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the twentieth century, from the furor over Percival Lowell's claim of canals on Mars to the sophisticated Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, otherworldly life has often intrigued and occasionally consumed science and the public. The Biological Universe provides a rich and colorful history of the attempts during the twentieth century to answer questions such as whether \\

Steven J. Dick



Entropy of the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Charles Darwin's calculation of a life of Earth had ignited Kelvin's insight on a life of Sun, which had eventually inherited to the physical study of stellar structure and energy source. Nuclear energy had secured a longevity of the universe and the goal of the cosmic evolution has been secured by the entropy of black holes.

Sato, Humitaka



Oregon State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oregon State University (OSU) is located in Corvallis, a community of 53,000 people situated in the heart of the Willamette Valley between Portland and Eugene. Approximately 15,700 undergraduate and 3,400 graduate students, including 2,600 U.S. students of color and 950 international students, are currently enrolled at OSU across 11 academic…

Sanderson, Rebecca A.; Ketcham, Patricia L.



Islamist Movement Challenges Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Tunisian and Egyptian universities, scholars face a growing Islamist resolve to remake their countries on the basis of religious principles. Both Tunisia and Egypt face questions that could affect higher education across the Middle East and North Africa: Can their new Islamist governments spread conservative religious values and also create…

Lindsey, Ursula



Future Coordinated Universal Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), created by adjusting International Atomic Time (TAI) by the appropriate number of leap seconds, is the uniform time scale that is the basis of most civil timekeeping in the world. The concept of a leap second was introduced to ensure that UTC would not differ by more than 0.9 seconds from UT1, the time determined by

Dennis D. McCarthy



Organizing University Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a period of projected declining enrollments some years ago, colleges and universities began looking to business and industry for models and methods to achieve stability and exhibit accountability. Zero-based budgeting, computerized record keeping, and planned-programmed-budgeting systems found their way to college campuses. A trend to…

Taylor, Thomas E.


Life in the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These lecture notes adress the question: "Are we alone or are there millions of advanced life forms in the universe?" by examining life on Earth, the origin of life on Earth, the possiblity that life exists in our solar system or elsewhere.

O'Connell, Robert W.



Discovering the Invisible Universe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discovery of radio waves, infrared, and x-rays and their importance in describing the universe and its origins is discussed. Topics include radio waves from space, the radio pioneers of World War II, radio telescopes, infrared radiation, satellites, space missions, and x-ray telescopes. (KR)

Friedman, Herbert



Universe or Multiverse?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Part I. Overviews: 1. Introduction and overview Bernard Carr; 2. Living in the multiverse Steven Weinberg; 3. Enlightenment, knowledge, ignorance, temptation Frank Wilczek; Part II. Cosmology and Astrophysics: 4. Cosmology and the multiverse Martin J. Rees; 5. The anthropic principle revisited Bernard Carr; 6. Cosmology from the top down Stephen Hawking; 7. The multiverse hierarchy Max Tegmark; 8. The inflationary universe Andrei Linde; 9. A model of anthropic reasoning: the dark to ordinary matter ratio Frank Wilczek; 10. Anthropic predictions: the case of the cosmological constant Alexander Vilenkin; 11. The definition and classification of universes James D. Bjorken; 12. M/string theory and anthropic reasoning Renata Kallosh; 13. The anthropic principle, dark energy and the LHC Savas Dimopoulos and Scott Thomas; Part III. Particle Physics and Quantum Theory: 14. Quarks, electrons and atoms in closely related universes Craig J. Hogan; 15. The fine-tuning problems of particle physics and anthropic mechanisms John F. Donoghue; 16. The anthropic landscape of string theory Leonard Susskind; 17. Cosmology and the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics Viatcheslav Mukhanov; 18. Anthropic reasoning and quantum cosmology James B. Hartle; 19. Micro-anthropic principle for quantum theory Brandon Carter; Part IV. More General Philosophical Issues: 20. Scientific alternatives to the anthropic principle Lee Smolin; 21. Making predictions in a multiverse: conundrums, dangers, coincidences Anthony Aguirre; 22. Multiverses: description, uniqueness and testing George Ellis; 23. Predictions and tests of multiverse theories Don N. Page; 24. Observation selection theory and cosmological fine-tuning Nick Bostrom; 25. Are anthropic arguments, involving multiverses and beyond, legitimate? William R. Stoeger; 26. The multiverse hypothesis: a theistic perspective Robin Collins; 27. Living in a simulated universe John D. Barrow; 28. Universes galore: where will it all end? Paul Davies; Index.

Carr, Bernard



The universal Higgs fit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We perform a state-of-the-art global fit to all Higgs data. We synthesise them into a `universal' form, which allows to easily test any desired model. We apply the proposed methodology to extract from data the Higgs branching ratios, production cross sections, couplings and to analyse composite Higgs models, models with extra Higgs doublets, supersymmetry, extra particles in the loops, anomalous top couplings, and invisible Higgs decays into Dark Matter. Best fit regions lie around the Standard Model predictions and are well approximated by our `universal' fit. Latest data exclude the dilaton as an alternative to the Higgs, and disfavour fits with negative Yukawa couplings. We derive for the first time the SM Higgs boson mass from the measured rates, rather than from the peak positions, obtaining M h = 124 .4 ± 1 .6 GeV.

Giardino, Pier Paolo; Kannike, Kristjan; Masina, Isabella; Raidal, Martti; Strumia, Alessandro



NOVA: The Elegant Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NOVA website "introduces string theory and Albert Einstein's dream of unifying the forces that underlie all phenomena in the physical universe." Visitors can learn about the concept's possible role in unifying the four forces of nature. Students and educators can watch fascinating slide shows of physicists working with particle accelerators; interesting animations of resonance affects on cotton string; the three-hour mini-series, The Elegant Universe; and much more. The Teacher's Guide can help users take full advantage of the educational value of the materials. Anyone curious about the idea that the world can be made of numerous dimensions and made out of strings will enjoy this site. This site is also reviewed in the September 17, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.


Universality in intermediary metabolism  

PubMed Central

We analyze the stoichiometry, energetics, and reaction concentration dependence of the reductive tricarboxylic acid (rTCA) cycle as a universal and possibly primordial metabolic core. The rTCA reaction sequence is a network-autocatalytic cycle along the relaxation pathway for redox couples in nonequilibrium reducing environments, which provides starting organic compounds for the synthesis of all major classes of biomolecules. The concentration dependence of its reactions suggests it as a precellular bulk process. We propose that rTCA is statistically favored among competing redox relaxation pathways under early-earth conditions and that this feature drove its emergence and also accounts for its evolutionary robustness and universality. The ability to enhance the rate of core reactions creates an energetic basis for selection of subsequent layers of biological complexity.

Smith, Eric; Morowitz, Harold J.



The Dark Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. A brief history of dark matter Vera Rubin; 2. Microlensing towards the Magellanic Clouds Kailash Sahu; 3. Searching for galactic dark matter Harvey Richer; 4. Hot gas in clusters of galaxies and Omega Megan Donahue; 5. Tracking the Baryon density from the Big Bang to the present Gary Steigman; 6. Modified Newtonian dynamics and its implications Bob Sanders; 7. Cosmological parameters and quintessence from radio galaxies Ruth Daly and Eric Guerra; 8. The mass density of the Universe Neta Bahcall; 9. Growth of structure in the Universe John Peacock; 10. Cosmological implications of the most distant supernova (known) Adam Riess; 11. Dynamical probes of the Halo mass function Chris Kochanek; 12. Detection of gravitational waves from inflation Marc Kamionkowski and Andrew Jaffe; 13. Cosmological constant problems and their solution Alex Vilenkin; 14. Dark Matter and dark energy: a physicist's perspective Michael Dine.

Livio, Mario



University Reactor Sharing Program  

SciTech Connect

Research projects supported by the program include items such as dating geological material and producing high current super conducting magnets. The funding continues to give small colleges and universities the valuable opportunity to use the NSC for teaching courses in nuclear processes; specifically neutron activation analysis and gamma spectroscopy. The Reactor Sharing Program has supported the construction of a Fast Neutron Flux Irradiator for users at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology and the University of Houston. This device has been characterized and has been found to have near optimum neutron fluxes for A39/Ar 40 dating. Institution final reports and publications resulting from the use of these funds are on file at the Nuclear Science Center.

W.D. Reese



University of Michigan Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Michigan has been developing online digital collections for well over a decade, and their image collections cover everything from architecture to zoology. On this site, visitors can browse through the various collections at their leisure. They are arranged alphabetically, and first-time users would do well just to look over the "Art/Art History" section. Here they will find art images that can be used in the college classroom, tremendous holdings from their textiles collections, and a special section dedicated to Egyptian amulets. Also included here are collections from the University of Michigan's Herbarium Fungus Image Database and field notes. Not every site can say they have "something for everyone", but just about anyone with an interest in the visual arts, science, or the humanities in general will find something to pique their interest.


Universal Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A universal test facility (UTF) for Space Station Freedom is developed. In this context, universal means that the experimental rack design must be: automated, highly marketable, and able to perform diverse microgravity experiments according to NASA space station requirements. In order to fulfill these broad objectives, the facility's customers, and their respective requirements, are first defined. From these definitions, specific design goals and the scope of the first phase of this project are determined. An examination is first made into what types of research are most likely to make the UTF marketable. Based on our findings, the experiments for which the UTF would most likely be used included: protein crystal growth, hydroponics food growth, gas combustion, gallium arsenide crystal growth, microorganism development, and cell encapsulation. Therefore, the UTF is designed to fulfill all of the major requirements for the experiments listed above. The versatility of the design is achieved by taking advantage of the many overlapping requirements presented by these experiments.

Laughery, Mike



Mapping the universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Maps of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe reveal large coherent structures. The extent of the largest features is limited only by the size of the survey. Voids with a density typically 20 percent of the mean and with diameters of 5000 km/s are present in every survey large enough to contain them. Many galaxies lie in thin sheet-like structures. The largest sheet detected so far is the 'Great Wall' with a minimum extent of 60/h Mpc x 170/h Mpc, where h is the Hubble constant in units of 100 km/s per Mpc. The frequent occurrence of these structures is one of several serious challenges to our current understanding of the origin and evolution of the large-scale distribution of matter in the universe.

Geller, Margaret J.; Huchra, John P.



Drexel University : Archimedes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chris Rorres, a retired professor from the Department of Mathematics at Drexel University and currently a part-time lecturer at the University of Pennsylvanias School of Veterinary Medicine, maintains this site all about Archimedes. The main page of the website provides some quick facts about Archimedes, such as his inventions (i.e., war machines) and fields of science he is credited with initiating (i.e., hydrostatics and static mechanics). Often called the father of integral calculus, Archimedes wrote about topics such as plane equilibriums, quadrature of the parabola, the sphere and cylinder, spirals, conoids and spheroids, floating bodies, and measurement of a circle. These and other topics are explored further in the articles and online resources. Some sections provide background on his life, his death, and feature collections of pictures of Archimedes and stamps of Archimedes.



Drexel University: Archimedes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chris Rorres, a retired professor from the Department of Mathematics at Drexel University and currently a part-time lecturer at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Veterinary Medicine, maintains this site all about Archimedes. The main page of the website provides some quick facts about Archimedes, such as his inventions (i.e., war machines) and fields of science he is credited with initiating (i.e., hydrostatics and static mechanics). Often called the "father of integral calculus," Archimedes wrote about topics such as plane equilibriums, quadrature of the parabola, the sphere and cylinder, spirals, conoids and spheroids, floating bodies, and measurement of a circle. These and other topics are explored further in the articles and online resources. Some sections provide background on his life, his death, and feature collections of pictures of Archimedes and stamps of Archimedes.


Astronomy in Romanian universities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we present characteristics of the Romanian higher education related to the study of Astronomy. In spite of Romanian economic problems, opportunities for Bachelor's degree, Master's degree (at "Babes-Bolyai" University of Cluj-Napoca) and Ph.D. degree are provided for students enrolled at the faculties of Mathematics or Physics. General regulations, description of courses, research resources and job opportunities are also described and discussed in this paper.

Barbosu, Mihail


Universality in intermediary metabolism  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the stoichiometry, energetics, and reaction concentration dependence of the reductive tricarboxylic acid (rTCA) cycle as a universal and possibly primordial metabolic core. The rTCA reaction sequence is a network-autocatalytic cycle along the relaxation pathway for redox couples in nonequilibrium reducing environments, which provides starting organic compounds for the synthesis of all major classes of biomolecules. The concentration dependence

Eric Smith; Harold J. Morowitz



University of Pennsylvania

A Small Animal Imaging Research program is proposed at U. Penn. (Penn-SAIR) supporting cancer research at Penn, the Wistar Institute, the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), the Lankenau Institute for Medical Research and Thomas Jefferson University; it will be available to other institutions within the Philadelphia region and world-wide. The program builds on a fully self-supported existing Small Animal Research Facility (SAIF).


NASA's Imagine the Universe!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NASA's Imagine the Universe site features educational material for older students (14 and up). The materials include news articles, podcasts, multimedia presentations, and interactive features on astronomy topics, satellites and technology, and space missions. The site also features an "Ask an Astrophysicist" service, a dictionary, and links to other astronomy education resources. The teachers' page features links to lesson plans, posters and booklets, videos and slide presentations, and other resources.


Universal quantum gates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study universality for quantum gates acting on qudits.Qudits are states in a Hilbert space of dimension d where d is at least two. We determine which 2-qudit gates V have the properties (i) the collection of all 1-qudit gates together with V produces all n-qudit gates up to arbitrary precision, or (ii) the collection of all

Jean-Luc Brylinski; Ranee Brylinski



Towards Universal Speech Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing interest in multilingual applications like speech-to-speech translation systems is accompanied by the need for speech recognition front-ends in many languages that can also handle multiple input languages at the same time. In this paper we describe a universal speech recognition system that fulfills such needs. It is trained by sharing speech and text data across languages and thus

Zhirong Wang; Umut Topkara; Tanja Schultz; Alex Waibel



a Marionette Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a study of the nonminimal coupling of a vector field to gravity in the context of a Weyl integrable space-time (WIST). This system admits a cosmic solution in which such vector field is not determined dynamically although it rules the evolution of the metric. In a sense, the physical causes of the evolution of the cosmos appear to be out of dynamical control—a feature that can be assigned to a Marionette Universe.

Novello, M.; Oliveira, L. A. R.


Universality of particle multiplicities  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the scaling properties and universality aspects of the rapidity and multiplicity distributions of particles produced in high energy hadronic and e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} interactions. This paper is based on material presented in three lectures on pomeron phenomenology, which included a review of traditional soft pomeron physics and selected topics on hard diffraction processes probing the structure function of the pomeron.

Goulianos, K. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)]|[Rockefeller Univ., New York, NY (United States)



Kantowski Sachs universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the brane Kantowski Sachs universe when bulk space is five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. The corresponding cosmological equations with perfect fluid are written. For several specific choices of relation between energy and pressure, the behaviour of scale factors at early time is found. In particular for \\gamma=3/2 , Kantowski Sachs brane cosmology is modified to become the isotropic one, while for \\gamma=1 it remains the anisotropic cosmology in the process of evolution.

Obukhov, V. V.; Makarenko, A. N.; Osetrin, K. E.



Life in the Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility of extra-terrestrial life and intelligence is examined. It is found that the scientific case for extra-terrestrial intelligence is very weak; theological considerations render it improbable, but not def i- nitely impossible. The case against more primitive extra-terrestrial life is much weaker. . Is the earth the only cradle of life in the physical universe? Is man alone? Or

Gerald Feinberg; John Billingham



A Private Universe Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Private Universe Teachers Lab enables teachers to practice techniques of identifying student misconceptions and moving toward conceptual change in basic astronomy. This teachers lab contains a survey to identify misconceptions and three in-class activities for grades 4 to 8 that help students gain an understanding of the phases of the Moon. There are teacher discussion forums on planning teaching sequences and learning how to adapt activities to different situations.

Schneps, Matthew; Sadler, Philip



The Thermodynamic Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using Planck scale oscillators in the background dark energy in a model that parallels the theory of phonons, we deduce the Planck mass, the elementary particle mass scale, the mass of the Universe and a recently discovered residual energy in the cosmic background. We also deduce the Beckenstein temperature formula for black holes. Finally we show that the model explains the four minute time lag in the arrival of gamma photons from a recently observed gamma flare by the MAGIC telescope.

Sidharth, B. G.



Tulane University: Radiometric Dating  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The fourth website, developed by Professor Stephen A. Nelson at Tulane University, provides a detailed mathematical explanation of the principles of radiometric dating. The site is divided into sections which include: Principles of Radiometric Dating; The Rb/Sr System; The U, Th, Pb System; and The Age of the Earth. Other dating methods are covered briefly as well, such as potassium argon (K-Ar) dating and carbon-14. Professor Nelson concludes with a description of other users of isotopes.

Nelson, Stephen A.



Duke University Robotics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website highlights robotics research from the Robotics and ManufacturingAutomation Laboratory at Duke University. Their work is "devoted to thedevelopment of command and control systems for cooperative robots." Theirwebsite provides descriptions and some demonstration videos of their work inmultiple industrial robot control, mobile robot development, sensor fusion,robot-World Wide Web interfacing, sensor integration, among other relatedprojects. A bibliography of publications by Lab researchers is also availableonline.


Inflation in the universe  

SciTech Connect

The hot big bang cosmology, or the standard cosmology as it is appropriately known, is a highly successful model, providing a reliable and tested accounting of the Universe from 0.01 sec after the bang until today, some 15 Gyr later. However, very special initial data seem to be required in order to account for the observed smoothness and flatness of our Hubble volume and for the existence of the small primeval density inhomogeneities required for the formation of structure in the Universe. Inflation offers a means of accounting for these special initial data, which is based upon physics at sub-planck energy scales (<< m/sub pl/ approx. = 10/sup 19/ GeV) and is motivated by contemporary ideas in particle theory. Here I review the status of the 'Inflationary Paradigm'. At present essentially all inflationary models involve a very weakly-coupled (quantified by the presence of a dimensionless parameter of order 10/sup -12/ or so) scalar field which is displaced from the minimum of its potential. Regions of the Universe where the scalar field is initially displaced from its minimum undergo inflation as the scalar field relaxes, resulting in a Universe today which resembles ours in regions much larger than our present Hubble volume (approx. = 10/sup 28/ cm), but which on very large scales (>> 10/sup 28/ cm) may be highly irregular. The most conspicuous blemish on the paradigm is the lack of a compelling particle physics model to implement it. I also review some other unresolved issues, and discuss in detail the all important confrontation between inflation and observational data. Finally, I discuss the possibility that inflation leads to large-scale, primeval magnetic fields of sufficient strength to be of astrophysical interest. 123 refs., 4 figs.

Turner, M.S.



University of Arizona

The purpose of this study is to see if an oral medication containing selenized yeast can reduce the prevalence of prostate cancer in men with an elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA). It will also be necessary that those taking part in the study have had a negative biopsy for prostate cancer. Patients will receive this medication for up to 57 months. The multicenter study is being conducted under the auspices of the University Arizona at Tucson.


Universal Stoppers Are Rupert  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A stopper is called "universal" if it can be used to plug pipes whose cross-sections are a circle, a square, and an isosceles triangle, with the diameter of the circle, the side of the square, and the base and altitude of the triangle all equal. Echoing the well-known result for equal cubes that is attributed to Prince Rupert, we show that it is…

Jerrard, Richard P.; Wetzel, John E.



The universal ancestor.  


A genetic annealing model for the universal ancestor of all extant life is presented; the name of the model derives from its resemblance to physical annealing. The scenario pictured starts when "genetic temperatures" were very high, cellular entities (progenotes) were very simple, and information processing systems were inaccurate. Initially, both mutation rate and lateral gene transfer levels were elevated. The latter was pandemic and pervasive to the extent that it, not vertical inheritance, defined the evolutionary dynamic. As increasingly complex and precise biological structures and processes evolved, both the mutation rate and the scope and level of lateral gene transfer, i.e., evolutionary temperature, dropped, and the evolutionary dynamic gradually became that characteristic of modern cells. The various subsystems of the cell "crystallized," i.e., became refractory to lateral gene transfer, at different stages of "cooling," with the translation apparatus probably crystallizing first. Organismal lineages, and so organisms as we know them, did not exist at these early stages. The universal phylogenetic tree, therefore, is not an organismal tree at its base but gradually becomes one as its peripheral branchings emerge. The universal ancestor is not a discrete entity. It is, rather, a diverse community of cells that survives and evolves as a biological unit. This communal ancestor has a physical history but not a genealogical one. Over time, this ancestor refined into a smaller number of increasingly complex cell types with the ancestors of the three primary groupings of organisms arising as a result. PMID:9618502

Woese, C



Unfolding our Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The beauty of the stars, the planets, and other faraway objects of wonder is readily apparent, while the reason for their splendor is not. Now, there exists a source of expert advice that amateur astronomers and interested stargazers can actually understand: Unfolding Our Universe. Popular science writer and award winning author Iain Nicolson opens the world of astronomy to a wide audience. He takes readers into the heart of the Universe, clearly detailing the facts, concepts, methods, and current findings of astronomical science. This unique book strikes a perfect balance between the fundamentals of the subject and cutting-edge research. Step by step, the volume leads to a complete understanding of astronomy. Readers can access the material without referring to any mathematical principles or formulas. The well-designed text allows more ambitious readers to easily delve more deeply into key points and consult basic mathematics found within self-contained boxes. More than 100 full-color photographs beautifully and clearly illustrate all concepts. The wealth of color illustrations and very readable chapters make this book a delight for the casual reader to browse, while the clear and concise explanations will appeal to anyone with an interest in the science of astronomy. Iain Nicolson is the author or co-author of some 17 books, including The Universe (with Patrick Moore) and Heavenly Bodies. In 1995, he received the Eric Zucker Award from the Federation of Astronomical Societies (UK) for his work in popularizing the subject.

Nicolson, Iain



The Universal Ancestor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A genetic annealing model for the universal ancestor of all extant life is presented; the name of the model derives from its resemblance to physical annealing. The scenario pictured starts when ``genetic temperatures'' were very high, cellular entities (progenotes) were very simple, and information processing systems were inaccurate. Initially, both mutation rate and lateral gene transfer levels were elevated. The latter was pandemic and pervasive to the extent that it, not vertical inheritance, defined the evolutionary dynamic. As increasingly complex and precise biological structures and processes evolved, both the mutation rate and the scope and level of lateral gene transfer, i.e., evolutionary temperature, dropped, and the evolutionary dynamic gradually became that characteristic of modern cells. The various subsystems of the cell ``crystallized,'' i.e., became refractory to lateral gene transfer, at different stages of ``cooling,'' with the translation apparatus probably crystallizing first. Organismal lineages, and so organisms as we know them, did not exist at these early stages. The universal phylogenetic tree, therefore, is not an organismal tree at its base but gradually becomes one as its peripheral branchings emerge. The universal ancestor is not a discrete entity. It is, rather, a diverse community of cells that survives and evolves as a biological unit. This communal ancestor has a physical history but not a genealogical one. Over time, this ancestor refined into a smaller number of increasingly complex cell types with the ancestors of the three primary groupings of organisms arising as a result.

Woese, Carl



The Flying University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Flying University is solo theater performance framed as an academic lecture about Marie Curie and her discovery of radium, delivered to a group of women who have gathered in secret to further their education. As the lecture proceeds, the professor brings in her own research based on a study of Esther Horsch (1905-1991) who lived on a farm in central Illinois. She introduces data from Esther's journals, personal memories, and dreams about Esther's life. The professor's investigation of radium plays at the intersections of magical and mundane, decay and the transformation of life, and the place of ambition in these two women's lives. The intention of this piece is to explore these themes, which are full of mystery, through the traces of the daily lives of Mme. Curie and Esther. Their words and photos are used as roots from which to imagine the things that echo beyond their familiar work; elemental and also fantastically radiant. The Flying University was written and performed by Catherine Friesen April 27-29, 2012 in the Center for Performance Experiment at Hamilton College as part of the University of South Carolina MFA Acting Class of 2013 showcase, Pieces of Eight.

Friesen, Catherine


From Teacher-Education University to Comprehensive University: Case Studies of East China Normal University, Southwest University and Yanbian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three different "logics"--that of the internal strategies of the institutions, the economic pressures of the socialist market economy and the political policies of the state drive the development of a university. The dynamic interaction and coexistence of the three logics has determined the transformation models of teacher-education or normal…

Li, Mei



Health Literacy Universal Preacutions Toolkit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) commissioned The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to develop and test this Health Literacy Universal Precautions Toolkit. It provides step-by-step guidance and tools for assessing your pract...

A. Hink D. A. DeWalt K. A. Brouckson L. F. Callahan V. H. Hawk



Strengthening University-Industry Interactions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three broad approaches to strengthening university-industry interactions to promote industrial innovation are direct corporate funding of university research, cooperative (cost shared) research, and measures to enhance knowledge transfer and the exchange ...

W. S. Baer



Online Short Course: The Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Looking to expand your horizons this summer? Join us for the new NSTA Online Short Course: The Universe . This short course will explore the ways scientists learn about the universe and the current ideas about the origins and f



University Autonomy: Illusion or Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Germany there is a working cooperation between the university and the state. Ideally, the task of the state would be one of global regulation, with universities filling the framework set by the state in their own, autonomous way. (RM)

Berchem, Theodor



Faculty Handbook. West Virginia University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies and procedures of West Virginia University are presented in the 1976 edition of the faculty handbook. Major sections deal with: university organization; conditions of employment; payment and benefits; graduate school; off-campus education; research; student relations; support services; and other university policies. Appendices consider…

West Virginia Univ., Morgantown.


Texas A&M University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas A&M University is a research extensive institution located in College Station. More than 45,000 students attend the university (about 20% are graduate or professional students). Academically, the university is known for its engineering, business, and agricultural and veterinary medicine programs, although there are more than 150 programs of…

Osters, Sandi



Remembering the University of Utah.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nineteen essays comprise this personal and historical look at the University of Utah and the relationship between the university, its people, and the community. Essays include: "One Cannot Live Long Enough to Outgrow a University" (Ramona Wilcox Cannon); "Ever in the Freshness of Its Youth" (G. Homer Durham); "The Final Payoff" (David W. Evans);…

Haglund, Elizabeth, Ed.


Education in a Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 30 essays on the character, administration, and management of research universities research university emphasizes the perspective of statistics and operations research: The essays are: "A Robust Faculty Planning Model" (Frederick Biedenweg); "Looking Back at Computer Models Employed in the Stanford University Administration"…

Arrow, Kenneth J. Ed.; And Others


The Universality of Acquisitional Phonology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is concerned with the Aristotelian notion of "universal" as applied to phonological phenomena. It is claimed that speech production in children and adults, in normal and deviant speakers, and in a variety of languages, can all be described according to the same universal phonological rules which constitute the universal process of…

Salus, Peter H.


Nigerian University Libraries: What Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nigerian university libraries are threatened by underfunding and inadequate collections and facilities. This article examines factors influencing the future prospects of Nigerian university libraries. Discusses Nigeria's mineral oil resources; political instability and stratification of ethnic groups; and the National Universities Commission, the…

Aguolu, I. E.



A Look at the Universe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides: (1) background information on what makes up the universe, ways astronomers study the universe, and theories about how the universe began; (2) six activities; and (3) four read-to-duplicate pages. Activities include objective(s), recommended age level(s), subject area(s), list of materials needed, and procedures. (JN)

Nature Scope, 1986



Cullman Hall of the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site was created to complement the Museum's Cullman Hall of the Universe, which provides insight into how the universe evolved into galaxies, stars, and planets. The site includes the following sections Planets Zone, Stars Zone, Galaxies Zone and Universe Zone. Two virtual tours of the Hall are also available.


Colleges and Universities as Citizens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 10 essays focuses on the role of colleges and universities as engaged citizens seeking to better their communities. The essays include: (1) "Colleges and Universities as Citizens: Issues and Perspectives" (Robert G. Bringle, Richard Games, and Edward A. Malloy); (2) "Ernest L. Boyer: Colleges and Universities as Citizens"…

Bringle, Robert G., Ed.; Games, Richard, Ed.; Malloy, Edward A., Ed.


Universal signal conditioning amplifier  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Engineers at NASA's Kennedy Space Center have designed a signal conditioning amplifier which automatically matches itself to almost any kind of transducer. The product, called Universal Signal Conditioning Amplifier (USCA), uses state-of-the-art technologies to deliver high accuracy measurements. USCA's features which can be either programmable or automated include: voltage, current, or pulsed excitation, unlimited resolution gain, digital filtering and both analog and digital output. USCA will be used at Kennedy Space Center's launch pads for environmental measurements such as vibrations, strains, temperatures and overpressures. USCA is presently being commercialized through a co-funded agreement between NASA, the State of Florida, and Loral Test and Information Systems, Inc.

Larson, William E.; Hallberg, Carl; Medelius, Pedro J.



Harvard University: Environmental Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Chemistry group at Harvard University created this website to promote its research in the understanding and quantification of chemistry of surfaces in environmental chemical systems. Users can learn about the group's many projects that deal with the shared topic: "What controls the formation and reactivity of a surface?" Researchers can find out about the group's seminars held at Harvard and can download many of the related publications. The website publicizes the efforts and backgrounds of the eleven people involved with environmental chemistry. Students and educators can view short, fascinating movies dealing with its results.


University of Arizona: Biochemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This University of Arizona website provides numerous chemistry tutorials and problem sets primarily for biology students. The lessons are divided into two main categories: chemistry of life and energy reactions. Students can find clear, in-depth explanations of amino acids, pH levels, photosynthesis, metabolism, and more. Each section is filled with helpful, colorful images. The website provides outside resources which cover additional topics in biochemistry. Biochemistry students will surely find these tutorials to be a great addition to their classroom learning experience.


Messengers of the universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The observation of the solar neutrinos and of a neutrino burst from the supernova explosion 1987A opened a new observation field which in the next years could be complemented with the detection of astrophysical highenergy neutrinos. Neutrino astronomy is a young discipline derived from the fundamental necessity of extending conventional astronomy beyond the usual electro-magnetic messengers. This is a summary of recent results on those new "messengers of the universe", based on the presentations in Branch IV of the Neutrino Oscillation Workshop 2010 (NOW2010).

Becker, J. K.; Spurio, M.



University of Missouri

The overall goal of the Center for Single Photon-Emitting Cancer Imaging Agents at the University of Missouri-Columbia (MU) is to foster interdisciplinary research to enable development of novel radiolabeled molecular imaging agents capable of selective in vivo uptake and retention in cancer cells. The Research Components and Development Projects supported by this grant are primarily focused on identification of single-photon emitting, site-directed in vivo targeting biomolecular-conjugates directed to cell surface receptors, antigens and angiogenesis markers with high specificity.


Indiana University Optometry Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides a vast array of syllabi, slides, and class notes for a wide variety of optometry related classes. Class related materials range from Ocular Disease, to Optometric Gerontology and Geriatrics, to Low Vision and Rehabilitation and Anatomy of Vision to name only a few. Each class offers different types of materials but they were all created by professors from Indiana University and often provide other valuable links and well as contact information for the creator. This site would prove extremely useful for an instructor in an optometry or ophthalmology related course.



Indiana University - Biocomplexity Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The biocomplexity institute at Indiana University is a collaborative effort among several academic departments. The institute is active in the areas of research, communication and outreach, software and resources, and training of scientists. This web site provides in-depth information on research projects, bioimaging, bioinformatics, biocomplexity in the curriculum, and more. The site also features CompuCell, a software framework for multimodel simulations of biocomplexity problems. The software is available for downloading. This resource is part of the biocomplexity collection.



Infrared Universe Poster  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This educational poster contains images and information about what the universe looks like in the infrared. The back contains nine 8.5 in. x 11 in. panels that explain what infrared light is and why infrared astronomy is important. It also talks about light and the different colors and wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum. It explains atmospheric transmission and how infrared observations help in the search for planets. The back panels also contain details on the Herschel experiment. In a very simple way it teaches the students how Herschel discovered infrared light.



Yale University: Terra Femto  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Yale University website presents the Schmuttenmaer chemistry group's research in the development of experimental techniques that observe low frequency motions and absorptions directly. After reading the series of intriguing unanswered questions, students and educators can find an introduction to THz spectroscopy. The Research link offers colorful images and comprehensible text about several of its THz spectroscopy investigations. Within the descriptions, links are provided to better explain otherwise complicated phenomena. Researchers can find lengthy lists and a few downloads of the group's publications. This site is also reviewed in the August 20, 2004 _NSDL Physical Sciences Report_.


Journey Through the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Journey through the Universe held its first Journey Week January 21-28, 2005 in Hilo, Hawaii. This ambitious program uses the fi elds of space, earth science and exploration to engage communities with long-term connections to science, mathematics and technology. All content is aligned to state and national education standards. Last year, the Hawaii-based program trained 135 teachers, visited more than 120 classrooms, talked to more than 5,000 students and hosted three family science events for more than 2,500 people. In 2006 the program seeks to reach an additional 8,000 students in public, private and charter schools in North Hawaii.

Harvey, J.



Universal Currency Converter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Universal Currency Converter site was developed by Xenon Laboratories. It provides currency conversion for most of the currencies in the world. The conversion rates for the currency are provided by The Bank of Montreal's Treasury Group. Visitors can also obtain a currency table for a selected base currency. The site also provides prices for silver, gold and platinum in the various currencies. Visitors can sign-up for the Currency Update Service which provides free currency table updates specified in the user-selected base currency once every business day.



University of Pittsburgh

The University of Pittsburgh as assembled a multidisciplinary team of researchers under the support of the Quantitative Imaging Network to address a vital need for quantitative assessment of cancer therapy response. CT and standard MRI decreases in FDG uptake after the first chemotherapy cycle correlate with better outcome. F-18 FLT PET measures cell proliferation rate, another fundamental process in malignancy. Apoptosis is the primary mechanism of action of most anticancer drugs and can be monitored by the novel PET tracer F-18 ApoSense.


University of Otago: Transterm  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supported by the University of Otago, the Health Research Council, and the Royal Society of New Zealand, Transterm is "an interactive database providing access to RNA sequences and their associated motifs. The RNA sequences are derived from all gene sequence data in Genbank, including complete genomes, divided into putative 5' and 3' UTRs, initiation and termination regions and the full CDS sequences." The Transterm website contains an extensive help browser with information regarding: the History and Direction of Transterm; Scan-for-Matches Pattern Rules; How Short Species Names are Constructed; RSCU Tables; and much more.


Universal Grids: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) and Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS). Edition 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual describes geographic to grid and grid to geographic conversions for the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) and the Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS) grids. It also discusses computations for convergence from geographic positions and from gr...

J. W. Hager J. F. Behensky B. W. Drew



Hydrogen Research at Florida Universities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This final report describes the R&D activities and projects conducted for NASA under the 6-year NASA Hydrogen Research at Florida Universities grant program. Contained within this report are summaries of the overall activities, one-page description of all the reports funded under this program and all of the individual reports from each of the 29 projects supported by the effort. The R&D activities cover hydrogen technologies related to production, cryogenics, sensors, storage, separation processes, fuel cells, resource assessments and education. In the span of 6 years, the NASA Hydrogen Research at Florida Universities program funded a total of 44 individual university projects, and employed more than 100 faculty and over 100 graduate research students in the six participating universities. Researchers involved in this program have filed more than 20 patents in all hydrogen technology areas and put out over 220 technical publications in the last 2 years alone. This 6 year hydrogen research program was conducted by a consortium of six Florida universities: Florida International University (FIU) in Miami, Florida State University (FSU) and Florida A&M University (FAMU) in Tallahassee, University of Central Florida (UCF) in Orlando, University of South Florida (USF) in Tampa, and University of Florida (UF) in Gainesville. The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) of the University of Central Florida managed the research activities of all consortium member universities except those at the University of Florida. This report does not include any of the programs or activities conducted at the University of Florida, but can be found in NASA/CR-2008-215440-PART 1-3.

Block, David L.; T-Raissi, Ali



Universal Payload Information Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As the overall manager and integrator of International Space Station (ISS) science payloads, the Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) at Marshall Space Flight Center has a critical need to provide an information management system for exchange and control of ISS payload files as well as to coordinate ISS payload related operational changes. The POIC's information management system has a fundamental requirement to provide secure operational access not only to users physically located at the POIC, but also to remote experimenters and International Partners physically located in different parts of the world. The Payload Information Management System (PIMS) is a ground-based electronic document configuration management and collaborative workflow system that was built to service the POIC's information management needs. This paper discusses the application components that comprise the PIMS system, the challenges that influenced its design and architecture, and the selected technologies it employs. This paper will also touch on the advantages of the architecture, details of the user interface, and lessons learned along the way to a successful deployment. With PIMS, a sophisticated software solution has been built that is not only universally accessible for POIC customer s information management needs, but also universally adaptable in implementation and application as a generalized information management system.

Elmore, Ralph B.



Colorado State University Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

State university extension services have been helping farmers since the 1930s, as well as anyone who might need some help tending their gardens, canning vegetables, keeping a house in good repair, and a family in good health. Extension services still perform those functions, plus new ones. They have stepped up their knowledge of technology and reasserted their emphasis on conservation practices. The Colorado State University Extension Services website has materials on all these classic categories. Visitors should check out the left side menu, to see links to such topics as "Yard & Garden", "Nutrition, Health and Food Safety", and "4-H Youth Development", but there are also links to "Clean & Renewable Energy" and "Water". The "News & Events" links in the bottom right hand corner of the homepage gives dates for a lecture on "Introduction to Wind Energy" and also provides "H1N1 Resources". The "Multimedia Zone", on the right side of the page should not be missed. PlantTalk Colorado is one standout here, and it provides "reliable, timely information on more than 400 gardening and home landscaping topics."


Iowa State University Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Iowa State University Extension, like many state university extension services, concerns itself with almost every aspect of life a person will encounter from birth to death. Even though this website is geared towards Iowans and the unique problems and opportunities they face living in a heavily rural state, this website has a lot of practical research-based information that would be helpful to people living elsewhere as well. For visitors who want to learn more about Iowa, this website will give them a unique perspective. Visitors shouldn't miss the Extension's newly launched interactive learning website by clicking on "Check ISU's Extension's Managing Tough Times Website" on the homepage. The categories covered are "Families and Households", "Businesses and Communities Surviving Economic Uncertainty" and "Farming in Today's Changing Economy". For community information, visitors should check out the Extension Information heading on the left side of the home page. Links to "Disaster Recovery", "Hotlines," "Markets", "Publications" and "Weather" are available, where visitors can listen to the latest futures market report, watch segments of a video conference on flood recovery, and find numbers for hotlines concerning teens, new farmers, horticulture and problem gambling. There are numerous publications that are available from the Extension, some of which can be purchased as hard copies and some of which can be downloaded for free. Visitors can click on the "Publications" on the left side of the page, under the "Extension Information" heading.


Quantum Universe Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Initial Condition (that which existed prior to the universe) is compared as an infinite thermodynamic system (reservoir and system) to a two-component blackbody system, where one component, composed of unbound bosons, contained a symmetry breaking potential. Symmetry breaking resulted in the moment of inflation in a subsystem (small part) of one component, which in turn ignited an unloading wave. The ensuing Big Bang Unloading Wave created a continuously expanding cavity in that component. The cavity is the universe. Within the expanding unloading wave, the first energy cascade has continuously produced intense plasma effects, superelectric fields, and supermagnetic effects. The intense plasma produces violent pinch effects propelling superelectric-magnetic particles to the speed of light c impacting them within the other component (bound boson Fermi-Dirac particles) as original energy particles representing the apex of the spectral ladder and the beginning of the second energy cascade. Here quench factors freeze persistent superconducting current vibrations into place prior to application of the algorithmic ladder of the quantum field theory time line. Energies evolve to include the formation of std model physics (QM,QED,QCD) general theory of relativity (GRT), special theory (SRT), linear momentum, and angular momentum, etc.

Cunningham, Bruce



Imagine the Universe!  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Welcome to the 2004 edition of the education CD from the Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. We hope that you will find it to be an exciting and fun learning experience. We have tried very hard to make this CD as user-friendly as possible and along the way we have discovered some things that every user may need to know. Please read the README file found on the CD if you have any questions or problems using the disk. Then, after that, if you still have problems, email us at We will be happy to help you 'get going'! Below are links to all of the sites included on the CD. You will also find the addresses for the on-line version of each of these sites. If you have a good Internet connection available, we recommend that you view the sites on-line. There you will find the latest updated information, interactive activities, and active links to other sites. Included on the disk are: Imagine The Universe! This site is dedicated to a discussion about our Universe... what we know about it, how it is evolving, and the kinds of objects and phenomena it contains. Emphasizing the X-ray and gamma-ray parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, it also discusses how scientists know what they know, what mysteries remain, and how the answers to remaining mysteries may one day be found. Lots of movies, quizzes, and a special section for educators. Geared for ages 14 and up. This site can be viewed on-line at StarChild: A learning center for young astronomers The 1998 Webby Award Winner for Best Education Website, StarChild is aimed at ages 4-14. It contains easy-to-understand information about our Solar System, the Universe, and space exploration. There are also activities, songs, movies, and puzzles! This site can be viewed on-line at Astronomy Picture of the Day APOD offers a new astronomical image and caption each calendar day. We have captured the year 2003 entries of this award-winning site and included them on the disk. The images and information provide a wonderful resource for all ages. This site can be viewed on-line at

White, N.



Is the Universe odd?  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the point-parity and mirror-parity handedness of the large angle anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). In particular we consider whether the observed low CMB quadrupole could more generally signal odd point-parity, i.e., suppression of even multipoles. Even though this feature is 'visually' present in most renditions of the WMAP dataset we find that it never supports parity preference beyond the meagre 95% confidence level. This is fortunate as point-parity handedness implies almost certainly a high level of galactic contamination. Mirror reflection parity, on the contrary, is related to the emergence of a preferred axis, defining the symmetry plane. We use this technique to make contact with recent claims for an anisotropic Universe, showing that the detected preferred axis is associated with positive (even) mirror parity. This feature may be an important clue in identifying the culprit for this unexpected signal.

Land, Kate [Theoretical Physics Group, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Magueijo, Joao [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N., Waterloo, N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Theoretical Physics Group, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)



Cornell University: Project Euclid  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Project Euclid, available through the Cornell University Library, is "a user-centered initiative to create an environment for the effective and affordable distribution of serial literature in mathematics and statistics." The project is a collaborative partnership with scholarly publishers, professional societies, and academic libraries. The goal is to provide full-text searching, reference linking, interoperability through the Open Archives Initiative, and long-term retention of data. Visitors can "Tour Euclid" to read more about the functionality of the website, including the different options for access. Some publishers require a paid subscription, while others may offer a pay-per-view option or free downloads. Multiple linking options make this a dynamic database. The website has a simple search function and the option to browse the database by journal title, publisher or discipline. A News section provides updates on the project and newly added journals.



Singularity Free Rainbow Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isotropic quantum cosmological perfect fluid model is studied in the formalism of Rainbow gravity. It is found that the only surviving matter degree of freedom played the role of cosmic time. It is possible to find the wave packet naturally with a suitable choice of the Rainbow functions which resulted from the superposition of the wave functions of the Schrödinger-Wheeler-deWitt equation. The many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics is applied to investigate the behavior of the scale factor and the behavior is found to depend on the operator ordering. It is shown that the model in the Rainbow framework naturally avoids singularity and a bouncing nonsingular universe is found.

Majumder, Barun



Model of universe anisotropization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The presence of a nonconformally invariant term in the photon sector of the Lorentz-violating extension of the standard model of particle physics, the “Kostelecký term” LK?(kF)????F??F??, enables a superadiabatic amplification of magnetic vacuum fluctuations during de Sitter inflation. For a particular form of the external tensor kF that parametrizes Lorentz violation, the generated field possesses a planar symmetry at large cosmological scales and can have today an intensity of order of nanogauss for a wide range of values of parameters defining inflation. This peculiar magnetic field could account for the presently observed galactic magnetic fields and induces a small anisotropization of the Universe at cosmological scales. The resulting Bianchi I model could explain the presumedly low quadrupole power in the cosmic microwave background radiation.

Campanelli, Leonardo



Universal Fingerprinting Chip Server  

PubMed Central

The Virtual Hybridization approach predicts the most probable hybridization sites across a target nucleic acid of known sequence, including both perfect and mismatched pairings. Potential hybridization sites, having a user-defined minimum number of bases that are paired with the oligonucleotide probe, are first identified. Then free energy values are evaluated for each potential hybridization site, and if it has a calculated free energy of equal or higher negative value than a user-defined free energy cut-off value, it is considered as a site of high probability of hybridization. The Universal Fingerprinting Chip Applications Server contains the software for visualizing predicted hybridization patterns, which yields a simulated hybridization fingerprint that can be compared with experimentally derived fingerprints or with a virtual fingerprint arising from a different sample. Availability

Casique-Almazan, Janet; Larios-Serrato, Violeta; Olguin-Ruiz, Gabriela Edith; Sanchez-Vallejo, Carlos Javier; Maldonado-Rodriguez, Rogelio; Mendez-Tenorio, Alfonso



Rice University: Colvin Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Colvin Group at Rice University deals with the control and understanding of material properties on nanometer length scales. Some members of the group work to "develop new chemical approaches to forming uniform nanocrystals, and highly ordered porous solids" while "others focus on using these materials as tools for answering fundamental questions about nature, such as the characteristic length scales in glasses and liquids." Researchers can learn about the numerous projects undertaken by the group including understanding the superprism phenomena, the preparation of perfect nanocrystals of metal oxides, and the synthesis of quartz particles in the sub-micron to nanoscale size regime. Students and educators can find helpful tutorials describing the nanoscience field of study. The website also provides many of the group's published papers.


Universal lock and key  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A universal lock and key assembly in which the lock is re-keyable and the key is also changeable. The key has a shank portion having a longitudinally extending tooth slot in its top surface. A plurality of teeth have their bottom ends inserted into the tooth slot in any desired sequence to give a predetermined profile to the teeth of the key. The bottom pin cylinder of the lock has mating bottom pins for each of the respective teeth. These are then arranged in a coordinated sequence in the bottom pin cylinder of the lock. The structure of the system allows an individual to change both the configuration of the key and also the mating structure within the lock so it will be operable.



Universe exploration vision  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

U.S. space policy is discussed in terms of present and planned activities in the solar system and beyond to develop a concept for expanding space travel. The history of space exploration is briefly reviewed with references to the Mariner II, Apollo, and Discoverer programs. Attention is given to the issues related to return trips to the moon, sprint vs repetitive missions to Mars, and the implications of propulsion needs. The concept of terraforming other bodies within the solar system so that they can support human activity is identified as the next major phase of exploration. The following phase is considered to be the use of robotic or manned missions that extend beyond the solar system. Reference is given to a proposed Thousand Astronomical Units mission as a precursor to exploratory expansion into the universe, and current robotic mission activities are mentioned.

O'Handley, D.; Swan, P.; Sadeh, W.



Route 66 University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Millions of people learned about Route 66 and how it wound from Chicago to L.A. courtesy of Nat Cole, others from its namesake 1960s television series, and now interested parties can learn online about that fabled stretch of road on this Route 66 University website. Neophytes may want to begin by perusing the section dedicated to maps of the route, allowing them to visualize how it winds through Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, and other states. The site's main page also contains sections that provide electronic postcards, an events calendar, and the "Campus Rag," which provides timely information about the history of this road. The essays and articles here are a true delight, as they range from reminiscences of Route 66 from novelist Michael Lund to a 1996 interview with Roy Rogers. Another section of the site that is worth taking a look at is called "I Rememberâ¦," and features first-hand memories of life along Route 66.


The International Space University  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space University (ISU) was founded on the premise that any major space program in the future would require international cooperation as a necessary first step toward its successful completion. ISU is devoted to being a leading center for educating future authorities in the world space industry. ISU's background, goals, current form, and future plans are described. The results and benefits of the type of education and experience gained from ISU include technical reports describing the design projects undertaken by the students, an exposure to the many different disciplines which are a part of a large space project, an awareness of the existing activities from around the world in the space community, and an international professional network which spans all aspects of space activities and covers the globe.

Davidian, Kenneth J.



CSCMP University (Online Courses)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CSCMP University offers a selection of online self-study courses for the supply chain professional. The selection of courses, offered in conjunction with Accenture's Supply Chain Academy, provides access to content created by leading supply chain thought leaders from across the globe. Course titles include: Basic Inventory Concepts, Basic Retail Replenishment and Forecasting Statistics & Probability, Buying Services (Statement of Work), Capacity Management, Cost/Price Minimization: Total Cost of Ownership, Cost/Price Minimization: Value Analysis/Value Engineering, Effective Supply: Evaluating Potential Suppliers, Effective Supply: Identifying Requirements, Effective Supply: Sourcing, Effective Supply: Supplier Selection, Efficient Supply Systems: Supplier Measurement Systems, Elements of Product Design, Financial Fundamentals, Fulfillment Fundamentals: Introduction, Fundamentals of Service Management, Labor Scheduling, Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II), Measuring Forecast Error & Variability, MRP & Dependent Demand, Optimum Quality: Quality Improvement Methods, Optimum Quality: Supplier Site Visits, Physical Inventory Control and more. A test course is available to take for free online, but users must register first.



Language universals at birth.  


The evolution of human languages is driven both by primitive biases present in the human sensorimotor systems and by cultural transmission among speakers. However, whether the design of the language faculty is further shaped by linguistic biological biases remains controversial. To address this question, we used near-infrared spectroscopy to examine whether the brain activity of neonates is sensitive to a putatively universal phonological constraint. Across languages, syllables like blif are preferred to both lbif and bdif. Newborn infants (2-5 d old) listening to these three types of syllables displayed distinct hemodynamic responses in temporal-perisylvian areas of their left hemisphere. Moreover, the oxyhemoglobin concentration changes elicited by a syllable type mirrored both the degree of its preference across languages and behavioral linguistic preferences documented experimentally in adulthood. These findings suggest that humans possess early, experience-independent, linguistic biases concerning syllable structure that shape language perception and acquisition. PMID:24706790

Gómez, David Maximiliano; Berent, Iris; Benavides-Varela, Silvia; Bion, Ricardo A H; Cattarossi, Luigi; Nespor, Marina; Mehler, Jacques



Office of University Partnerships  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Office of University Partnerships, founded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development in 1994, is designed "to encourage and expand the efforts of higher education that are striving to make a difference in their communities through funding opportunities." Their online presence includes a number of helpful documents for persons interested in these relationships, including a recently updated guide to foundations likely to fund research related to topics dealing with colleges and communities. Also helpful is a database of research and publications conducted by OUP and its grantees, along with archived OUP newsletters. Rounding out the site is a section devoted to upcoming events sponsored by the OUP and participating institutions, in addition to documents for persons interested in applying for funding.


Universal thermoelectric unit  

SciTech Connect

The problems of energy supply of low power electric devices very often can be solved with thermoelectric generator even with low coefficient of performance, when other electric energy sources are not convenient. The problems of thermoelectric and construction choice for such generators are discussed in the paper. A series of domestic thermoelectric generators was designed by the authors. The work is based on designing an universal thermoelectric unit---a battery which consist of ten thermoelements. The coefficient of performance of the unit is about 4%. Any thermoelectric generator can be made as a combination of these units. Principal opportunity of production such thermoelectric generators on industrial scale was proved. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Fedorov, M.I.; Engalychev, A.E.; Zaitsev, V.K.; Kaliazin, A.E.; Solomkin, F.Y. [A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, St. Petersburg, 194021 (Russian Federation)



Brane Universe: Global Geometry  

SciTech Connect

The global geometries of bulk vacuum space-times in the brane-universe models are investigated and classified in terms of geometrical invariants. The corresponding Carter-Penrose diagrams and embedding diagrams are constructed. It is shown that for a given energy-momentum induced on the brane there can be different types of global geometries depending on the signs of a bulk cosmological term and surface energy density of the brane (the sign of the latter does not influence the internal cosmological evolution). It is shown that in the Randall-Sundrum scenario it is possible to have an asymmetric hierarchy splitting even with a Z{sub 2}-symmetric matching of 'our' brane to the bulk.

Berezin, Victor [Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary Prospect, 7a, 117312, Moscow (Russian Federation)



Kansas State University Herbarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Manhattan, Kansas, Kansas State University is well-known for their various agricultural outreach programs, and their Herbarium is a fascinating place for botanists and the general public. For those who can't make a trip out to Kansas, they also have a nice website. Visitors to the site can start by looking over the "Information" section, which includes information on the history of the Herbarium, along with offering up a nice answer to the question, "What is an herbarium?" Moving on, visitors can also query their online database of plant species from Kansas and learn about their forthcoming Central Great Plains Network. The site is rounded out with a list of contact information and other noteworthy links.



University of California Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California system has many research institutes spread across campuses like Davis, Berkeley, Irvine, and others. This helpful website brings together timely news stories about their work, along with multimedia presentations, personal profiles, links to external media coverage, and so on. On the homepage, visitors can look over recent profiles or look through the "Science Today" area, which includes brief audio profiles of various research projects on atmospheric science, animal husbandry, and more. One rather aesthetically pleasing section features the Image of the Day. Here visitors can check out vibrant photos of the curious willow catkin, bracket fungi, and the Northwest crimson columbine. Finally, the Videos area includes dozens of videos that look into a range of topics from the interaction between snakes and android-style squirrels to oysters to urban water systems.



Quinnipiac University Polling Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quinnipiac University's Polling Institute is perhaps one of the best known polling centers in the United States, and their work is frequently cited by major media outlets. Staff members at the Institute are also called upon to offer commentary on the voting habits and preferences of a broad swath of the American public. Visitors to their site can start their journey by clicking on the "Releases by State" area on the left-hand side of the homepage. Here they will find the results of recent polls conducted at the state and national level. From there, visitors will want to visit the "Polling Regional Definitions" where they can learn about how each state is divided up for polling purposes. Also, the site allows users to search all of their press releases by area (such as individual states or "swing states") and timeframe.


Supply Side University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those who are interested in the intricacies of supply-side economics will find Jude Wanniski's Supply Side University a useful site for understanding the concepts of this theory. Wanniski, a well-known supply-side advocate, maintains SSU as a free "weekend school in supply-side economics," where the subject is taught in a political context. Included at present are four essays and 23 lessons ranging from It's Time to Cut Taxes, to The World Trade Deficit, to Say's Law of Markets, to Two Kinds of Deflation (or Inflation). Much of the content is derived from Wanniski's articles in The Wall Street Journal and from his well-known book The Way the World Works. Lessons are driven by user questions, and Wanniski encourages "economists trained in Keynesian or monetarist theory [to] sneak in without embarrassment."

Wanniski, Jude, 1936-.



Universal Design for Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Wiki page provides a link to the recording of a webinar by Mindy Johnson. Join Mindy as she stresses the imporatnce of meeting the needs of diverse learners while maintaining high achievement standards for all can be challenging â even for the most seasoned educator. Universal Design for Learning (UDL), a framework based on brain research, provides rich supports and pedagogy to address these challenges, enabling all individuals to gain knowledge, skills, and enthusiasm for learning. Shifting our attention toward the goals, methods, materials, and assessments used in instruction focuses on the disabilities in our curriculum; not in our students. Join us for a discussion about UDL, and leave with some strategies and tools you can use in your classroom tomorrow! Other links to the resources discussed in this webinar are also provided.



Fred Hoyle's Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fred Hoyle was a Yorkshire truant who became the voice of British astronomy. For fifty years, he spoke out for astronomy in the newspapers, on government committees, at scientific meetings, in popular books and on the radio. He devised a never-ending history of the universe, and worked out how the elements were made. He founded a prestigious institute for theoretical astronomy and built a giant telescope, and if it rained on his summer holiday, he sat in his caravan and wrote science fiction novels for his legions of fans around the world. Fred Hoyle also claimed that diseases fall from the sky, that the big bang never happened, and that the Astronomer Royal should be abolished. When the outspoken Fred Hoyle spoke out for astronomy, some astronomers really wished he had kept his mouth shut. This book tells the behind-the-scenes story of Hoyle's widely acclaimed and deeply controversial role in the ideas, organization and public face of astronomy in post-war Britain. It chronicles the triumphs, acrimony, jealousies, rewards and bitter feuds of a field in turmoil, and meets the astronomers, contemplating cosmic questions, keeping secrets, losing their tempers, winkling information out of distant stars and, over tea on the lawn, discussing the finer points of libel law. Fred Hoyle's Universe draws on previously confidential government documents, recently released personal correspondence and interviews with Hoyle's friends, colleagues and critics, as well as with Hoyle himself, to bring you the man, the science, and the scandal behind the genial and genteel facade of the most exciting period in the history of astronomy.

Gregory, Jane



The Relationship between Universities and Industry: The American University Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The enactment of the Bayh-Dole Act in 1980 by the U.S. Congress allowed universities and small businesses to own patents on research which had been federally-sponsored. This has revolutionized the relationship between academia and industry. The legislation allowed universities to license their patents to industry, exclusively or non-exclusively. Ro- yalties, received by the universities for such licensing, are used

Arnold L. Demain


Season and tissue type affect fungal endophyte communities of the Indian medicinal plant Tinospora cordifolia more strongly than geographic location.  


A total of 1,151 endophytic fungal isolates representing 29 taxa were isolated from symptom-less, surface-sterilized segments of stem, leaf, petiole, and root of Tinospora cordifolia which had been collected at three locations differing in air pollution in India (Ramnagar, Banaras Hindu University, Maruadih) during three seasons (summer, monsoon, winter). Endophytes were most abundant in leaf tissues (29.38% of all isolates), followed by stem (18.16%), petiole (10.11%), and root segments (6.27%). The frequency of colonization (CF) varied more strongly among tissue type and season than location. CF was maximal during monsoon followed by winter and minimal during summer. A species each of Guignardia and Acremonium could only be isolated from leaves, whereas all other species occurred in at least two tissue types. Penicillium spp. were dominant (12.62% of all isolates), followed by Colletotrichum spp. (11.8%), Cladosporium spp. (8.9%), Chaetomium globosum (8.1%), Curvularia spp. (7.6%), and Alternaria alternata (6.8%). Species richness, evenness, and the Shannon-Wiener diversity index followed the same pattern as the CF with the tissue type and the season having the greatest effect on these indices, suggesting that tissue type and season are more influential than geography. Dissimilarity of endophyte communities in regards to species composition was highest among seasons. Colletotrichum linicola occurred almost exclusively in winter, Fusarium oxysporum only in winter and summer but never during monsoon and Curvularia lunata only in winter and during monsoon but never in summer. Emissions of NO(2), SO(2), and suspended particulate matter were negatively correlated with the CF. Ozone did not have any effect. The frequency of most species declined with increasing pollution, but some showed an opposite trend (e.g., Aspergillus flavus). Five unnamed taxa (sterile mycelia) were identified as Aspergillus tubingensis, Colletotrichum crassipes, Botryosphaeria rhodina, Aspergillus sydowii, and Pseudofusicoccum violaceum, using molecular tools. Fifteen of the 29 endophyte taxa exhibited antibacterial activity. B. rhodina (JQ031157) and C. globosum showed activity against all bacterial human pathogens tested, with the former showing higher activity than the latter. PMID:22430503

Mishra, Ashish; Gond, Surendra K; Kumar, Anuj; Sharma, Vijay K; Verma, Satish K; Kharwar, Ravindra N; Sieber, Thomas N



Pre-University Chemistry Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the University of Oxford Department of Chemistry comes the Pre-University Chemistry Course teaching material Web site. This multimedia learning resource is based on the book Chemistry, Matter and the Universe by Richard E. Dickerson and Irving Geis, and contains more than twenty topics. Users can learn about atoms, molecules, moles, particles, waves, heat, energy, and more through various well-done animated and interactive activities.



Universal Design in Science Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Universal design provides a framework for science educators to ensure that teaching and learning opportunities are not only standards-based, but inherently flexible, accessible, and usable to accommodate learner diversity--including cultural, socioeconomic, ethnic background, gender, and ability level. This article presents an overview of how universal design and technology can advance science for all and provides scenarios of universal design in practice.

Curry, Cynthia; Cohen, Libby; Lightbody, Nancy



Topological Defects in Contracting Universes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the behavior and consequences of cosmic string networks in contracting universes. They approximately behave during the collapse phase as radiation fluids. Scaling solutions describing this are derived and tested against high-resolution numerical simulations. A string network in a contracting universe, together with the gravitational radiation it generates, can affect the dynamics of the universe both locally and globally and be an important source of radiation, entropy, and inhomogeneity. We discuss possible implications for bouncing and cyclic models.

Avelino, P. P.; Martins, C. J.; Santos, C.; Shellard, E. P.



Drexel University - Summer Science Courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information regarding various online remidiation summer courses taught online via Drexel University. These courses include: Medical Gross Anatomy, Medical Embryology, Medical Microanatomy, and Medical Neuroscience.

Drexel University (Drexel University)



The University Library: The Center of a University Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a formal study conducted in 2001 at Brigham Young University to determine the value of the library to the university community. Methods used to collect data for the study included an e-mail survey, usage statistics, naturalistic observations, and interviews. Two years after the study, the authors wondered if the conclusions of…

Frade, Patricia A.; Washburn, Allyson



International University Ranking Systems and the Idea of University Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We look at some of the theoretical and methodological issues underlying international university ranking systems and, in particular, their conceptual connection with the idea of excellence. We then turn to a critical examination of the two best-known international university ranking systems--the "Times Higher Education Supplement (THES)" World…

Taylor, Paul; Braddock, Richard



Building Effective Community-University Partnerships: Are Universities Truly Ready?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community service learning and community-based research necessitate the development of strong community-university partnerships. In this paper, students, faculty, and a community partner critically reflect upon the process of establishing a long-term community-university partnership through the integration of a community service learning component…

Curwood, Susan Eckerle; Munger, Felix; Mitchell, Terry; Mackeigan, Mary; Farrar, Ashley



The American University in Bulgaria as an Entrepreneurial University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the American University in Bulgaria as a case study in educational entrepreneurship. This U.S.-style liberal arts university offers a curriculum that is unique in the Bulgarian higher education system, employs faculty with a commitment to principles of shared governance and an emphasis on Total Quality Management, and offers…

Chambers, J. Barry



Information Technology in University Libraries in Karnataka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the results of a survey of the availability and use of information technology in the libraries of the University of Mysore, Karnatak University, Bangalore University, Gulbarga University, Mangalore University and Kuvempu University in Karnataka State, India. Attempts to reflect how the use of IT has impacted on the overall use of the library collections by users. Covers the use

Constantine M. Nyamboga; T. D. Kemparaju



Hydrogen fuel - Universal energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The technology for the production, storage, transmission, and consumption of hydrogen as a fuel is surveyed, with the physical and chemical properties of hydrogen examined as they affect its use as a fuel. Sources of hydrogen production are described including synthesis from coal or natural gas, biomass conversion, thermochemical decomposition of water, and electrolysis of water, of these only electrolysis is considered economicially and technologically feasible in the near future. Methods of production of the large quantities of electricity required for the electrolysis of sea water are explored: fossil fuels, hydroelectric plants, nuclear fission, solar energy, wind power, geothermal energy, tidal power, wave motion, electrochemical concentration cells, and finally ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC). The wind power and OTEC are considered in detail as the most feasible approaches. Techniques for transmission (by railcar or pipeline), storage (as liquid in underwater or underground tanks, as granular metal hydride, or as cryogenic liquid), and consumption (in fuel cells in conventional power plants, for home usage, for industrial furnaces, and for cars and aircraft) are analyzed. The safety problems of hydrogen as a universal fuel are discussed, noting that they are no greater than those for conventional fuels.

Prince, A. G.; Burg, J. A.


Prison University Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

San Quentin State Prison in California is the site of an innovative program that provides prisoners the opportunity to take higher education courses while incarcerated. The program is staffed by volunteers and funded by donors. Visitors will find that the website for the Prison University Project (PUP) contains a great audio feature in the "Students" section of the "About Us" link about students and volunteers involved in the experience. The "Resources" link has a number of articles that explain to visitors the value of educating the prison population, including "Education Reduces Crime: Three-State Recidivism Study", "Inside-Out Prison Exchange Program", and "Back to School: A Guide to Continuing Your Education After Prison". The "Guest Lectures and Presentations" link has full-length audio recordings of lectures presented at San Quentin. Some of the excellent lectures that visitors can listen to include "Sentencing law and policy (or lack of it) in California: a view from inside the sausage factory" and "The Changing Scale of Imprisonment in the US: Why Populations Can't Be Expected to Drop As Much As They Have Increased".


Nonminimal universal extra dimensions  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we investigate the phenomenological implications of boundary localized terms (BLTs) in the model of universal extra dimensions (UED). In particular, we study the electroweak Kaluza-Klein mass spectrum resulting from BLTs and their effect on electroweak symmetry breaking via the five-dimensional Higgs mechanism. We find that the addition of BLTs to massive five-dimensional fields induces a nontrivial extra-dimensional profile for the zero and nonzero Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes. Hence BLTs generically lead to a modification of standard model parameters and are therefore experimentally constrained, even at tree level. We study standard model constraints on three representative nonminimal UED models in detail and find that the constraints on BLTs are weak. On the contrary, nonzero BLTs have a major impact on the spectrum and couplings of nonzero KK modes. For example, there are regions of parameter space where the lightest Kaluza-Klein particle is either the Kaluza-Klein Higgs boson or the first KK mode of the W{sup 3}.

Flacke, Thomas; Menon, A.; Phalen, Daniel J. [Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics (MCTP), Randall Laboratory, Physics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)



Gravity Driven Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Flowing global gravitation initially produced space without time or mass. Space-time and mass are properties of flowing global gravitation. From its fabric, primal mass spins spontaneously giving rise to local gravitational space-time curvatures. Global gravity is the unifying background field. Gravity began flowing from its singularity with a big whoosh. It curves with angular rotational precession, creating a spatial geometry similar to the windings of a ball of string. Three-dimensional global gravity swirls locally into massive densities. Concurrently with these densities, local gravity curvatures of space-time arise. The expanse between celestial objects is not completely empty, void space as generally believed; it is antecedent gravity, a prerequisite associated field necessary for originating the first quantum particles. Gravity is dark energy; gravity's spin, as the second fundamental force, is electromagnetic dark matter. Electromagnetic masses attract then gravity compresses hot, dense and small---then bang, the first hydrogen star of which there are many. There may have been many big bangs, but no Big Bang that ultimately created the universe.

Masters, Roy



Universal fuel sender  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a universal fuel sender adapted to be mounted within a fuel tank. It comprises: a top plate adapted to be fastened over an opening in the fuel tank, a support rod having an axially uniform cross-section so that it may be manufactured in long lengths, means for attaching the support rod to the top plate so that the support rod extends into the fuel tank, a substantially U-shaped rheostat mounting bracket having a pair of spaced rod receiving openings therein each having a shape complementary to the rod cross-section so that the mounting bracket is adjustable to any desired position along the rod, the mounting bracket defining a pocket facing the rod, and means for adjustably clamping the bracket to the rod, a rheostat comprising a pivotally moveable wiper arm and a generally arcuate thick film resistor applied to a substrate, the wiper arm and the substrate being mounted on the mounting bracket within the pocket, and a float arm assembly means.

Weaver, F.C.



Universal Signal Conditioning Amplifier  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technological Research and Development Authority (TRDA) and NASA-KSC entered into a cooperative agreement in March of 1994 to achieve the utilization and commercialization of a technology development for benefiting both the Space Program and U.S. industry on a "dual-use basis". The technology involved in this transfer is a new, unique Universal Conditioning Amplifier (USCA) used in connection with various types of transducers. The project was initiated in partnership with I-Net Corporation, Lockheed Martin Telemetry & Instrumentation (formerly Loral Test and Information Systems) and Brevard Community College. The project consists of designing, miniaturizing, manufacturing, and testing an existing prototype of USCA that was developed for NASA-KSC by the I-Net Corporation. The USCA is a rugged and field-installable self (or remotely)- programmable amplifier that works in combination with a tag random access memory (RAM) attached to various types of transducers. This summary report comprises performance evaluations, TRDA partnership tasks, a project summary, project milestones and results.

Kinney, Frank



Universal ripper miner  


A universal ripper miner used to cut, collect and transfer material from an underground mine working face includes a cutter head that is vertically movable in an arcuate cutting cycle by means of drive members, such as hydraulically actuated pistons. The cutter head may support a circular cutter bit having a circular cutting edge that may be indexed to incrementally expose a fresh cutting edge. An automatic indexing system is disclosed wherein indexing occurs by means of a worm gear and indexing lever mechanism. The invention also contemplates a bi-directional bit holder enabling cutting to occur in both the upstroke and the downstroke cutting cycle. Another feature of the invention discloses multiple bits arranged in an in-line, radially staggered pattern, or a side-by-side pattern to increase the mining capacity in each cutting cycle. An on-board resharpening system is also disclosed for resharpening the cutting edge at the end of cutting stroke position. The aforementioned improvement features may be used either singly, or in any proposed combination with each other.

Morrell, Roger J. (Bloomington, MN); Larson, David A. (Minneapolis, MN)



Testing the Accelerating Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Type Ia supernovae provide evidence for an accelerating universe: an extraordinary result that needs to be rigorously tested. The two chief alternatives to a cosmological source for the observed shape of the high-z Hubble diagram {z >= 0.4} are dust that absorbs, but does not redden much, and intrinsic changes in the luminosity of distant supernovae due to the age of the stellar population or the chemical composition of the progenitor stars. We propose to test the generic predictions of composition models and the specific predictions of dust models through very wide wavelength coverage UBVRI observations of 7 supernovae near z = 0.5. These observations, with precise restframe UBVR from HST and restframe I from large groundbased telescopes, will provide enough information for a definitive test of the ``grey'' dust proposal, while they also place the most stringent constraints on differences that could be attributed to chemical differences or age differences between nearby and distant samples of SN Ia. The unique restframe U-band observations proposed here will be especially important in comparing SN Ia at z=0, where we have a sample, and z=0.5, where we don't, and in interpreting the data from very high redshift supernovae with z>=1. Our goal is cosmology, our measuring tool is supernovae, and we need precise, wide wavelength measurements at z=0.5 to test the quality of this yardstick.

Schmidt, Brian



Universal signal conditioning amplifier  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A state-of-the-art instrumentation amplifier capable of being used with most types of transducers has been developed at the Kennedy Space Center. This Universal Signal Conditioning Amplifier (USCA) can eliminate costly measurement setup item and troubleshooting, improve system reliability and provide more accurate data than conventional amplifiers. The USCA can configure itself for maximum resolution and accuracy based on information read from a RAM chip attached to each transducer. Excitation voltages or current are also automatically configured. The amplifier uses both analog and digital state-of-the-art technology with analog-to-digital conversion performed in the early stages in order to minimize errors introduced by offset and gain drifts in the analog components. A dynamic temperature compensation scheme has been designed to achieve and maintain 12-bit accuracy of the amplifier from 0 to 70 C. The digital signal processing section allows the implementation of digital filters up to 511th order. The amplifier can also perform real-time linearizations up to fourth order while processing data at a rate of 23.438 kS/s. Both digital and analog outputs are available from the amplifier.

Medelius, Pedro J.; Hallberg, Carl; Cecil, Jim



The virtual university.  


Surgeons will soon be able to acquire, test and validate new skills from a distance. We have developed the concept of the 'virtual university' for surgeons in the field of laparoscopy and minimally invasive surgery. This concept permits surgeons to update their education at their own pace, from a remote location. Operating techniques follow a standard format, and illustrations have been prepared in cooperation with authors and editors. Using new technologies we have been able to rethink anatomical artwork; software has made it possible to add animation. Unlike paper journals, the Internet can accept colour illustrations with no limits, either in terms of size or number. Two types of videos have been developed: films of 15-30 min describing a surgical procedure and experts' opinions. The contents of are written entirely by surgeons, under the control and seal of approval of national and international societies. All partners (authors, reviewers, editors, sponsors, owners) need to be satisfied and accept editorial independence. Some factors can compromise the reputation of a website (publication without a rigorous peer review process, product placement in reports of a supposedly independent study, promotion of sectarian interests disguised as independent commentary, etc.). Transgression in any of these areas leads to a rapid diminution of trust and thus a diminishing reputation -- a downward spiral to mediocrity and scientific marginalisation. PMID:16754050



The Future of the Universe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The future of the universe is discussed in terms of several models. These include the closed, open, and critical models of the universe. Black holes and speculation on what may happen to life in the cosmological models are also discussed. (JN)

Page, Don N.; McKee, M. Randall



University Rankings and Social Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University rankings widely affect the behaviours of prospective students and their families, university executive leaders, academic faculty, governments and investors in higher education. Yet the social science foundations of global rankings receive little scrutiny. Rankings that simply recycle reputation without any necessary connection to real…

Marginson, Simon



University--Science Fair Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a partnership between a fifth-grade teacher and a university methods professor that involved developing an elementary science fair project mentored by university students. Provides opportunities for elementary students to conduct scientific investigations to learn about science, and opportunities for education majors to have firsthand…

Tallman, Erika; Taylor, Karen



The Future of University Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The function of the research-related activities of universities in countries belonging to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is examined. Additionally, the extent to which the universities are affected by the demands placed upon them, and implications of the situation for the future well-being of the scientific…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).


Label Reading for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate comprehension of food labeling in the university student. The release of the new Nutrition Facts food label provided a unique opportunity to assess skill in interpreting the new information provided on the label. One hundred and eighty-four university students enrolled in a basic level nutrition course were tested before receiving classroom education.

D. A. Downes; C. K. Probart; E. L. Mattes



University Performance of Nonmatriculated Admissions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many Canadian universities have sought to promote access and equity through programs allowing nonmatriculated admissions (NMAs), frequently older students with academic deficiencies. Examination of University of Alberta academic records found that grade point averages were significantly lower for NMAs than for regular admissions, and were related…

Golec, Judith; And Others



Sign Program for a University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A co-ordinated sign program for a multi-campus university not only helps students and visitors find their way around, but is a design element that adds identification and unity. Graphic designer, Paul Arthur, has designed a modular sign system for the University of Tennessee with all elements having standard color, lettering, size and materials.…

Architectural and Engineering News, 1968



The University as an Organization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of studies by men and women who understand universities and have the experience and ability to view them in perspectives of history and international experience demonstrates that universities constitute a genus of institution that is unique in its totality and comparable to other organizations only in certain of its…

Perkins, James A., Ed.


Growing an Emerging Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emerging research college or university is one of the most formidable resources a region has to reinvent and grow its economy. This paper is the first of two that outlines a process of building research universities that enhance regional technology development and facilitate flexible networks of collaboration and resource sharing. Although the…

Birx, Donald L.; Anderson-Fletcher, Elizabeth; Whitney, Elizabeth



Water Recycling in Schools & Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consider the waste streams generated in schools and universities. So what is in the typical used water generated in schools and universities? It is typically about 99 percent water, with the remaining 1 percent mainly made up of organic compounds. Used water contains nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous. When one judges it on its quality, it…

Meeten, Nick



The Student as University Resident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distinction between the student as campus resident (if the residential relationship is viewed as one of contract) and the student as private citizen appears to be fair to both university and student. But, whether the university is considered primarily an academic institution or an instrument of government, the off campus/on campus distinction…

Van Alstyne, William W.



Human Education at Reitaku University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Japan's Reitaku University (Chiba-ken, Japan) and its goal of producing students who have a good balance between technical intelligence and morality. Discusses in detail how the university uses foreign-language instruction, moral education coursework, and dormitory living experiences to further the students' moral education. (GEA)

Mizuno, Jitaro



Environmental Management at Swedish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1996, all Swedish public authorities, which includes most universities, have been made responsible for contributing to the sustainable development of the society. Swedish universities are thus required to submit annual environmental reports about their policies, structures and actions. This study provides a review of the activities that…

Arvidsson, Karin



Oxford University Humanities Computing Unit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Oxford University, Centre for Humanities Computing and the CTI Centre for Textual Studies on the Web with information about the Centre, Staff, other services at Oxford University, and the HUMBUL Gateway to International Resources. Also, a complete version of the CTI Centre's Resources Guide converted into HTML.


Outdoor Recreation at Brock University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brock University offers both undergraduate and graduate programs and is host to approximately 17,000 students. It is the only Canadian university located in a World Biosphere Reserve--the Niagara Escarpment. The Bruce Trail passes through campus, and offers ample opportunities for hiking, mountain biking, nature interpretation and outdoor…

Breunig, Mary; O'Connell, Tim; Hutson, Garrett



The isotropy of the universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that the anisotropy of a spatially homogeneous anisotropic minisuperspace model of the universe is likely to be very small at the present time if the universe is in the quantum state defined by a path integral over compact four-geometries.

Stephen W. Hawking; Julian C. Luttrell



Three Chinese Women's Vocational Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three women's vocational schools in China. Discusses campuses, specialities, curriculum, and facilities available to students at Fujian Hua'nan Women's Vocational College, Xi'an Peihua Women's University, and Hunan Women's Vocational University. Notes an emphasis on practical experience at the three schools. (DK)

Dai, Shujun



University Resources for International Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1964, John W. Gardner outlined some criteria that should be appied in the selection of universities that would serve as AID contractors. These criteria were: (1) the extent to which the universities had developed their resources in the international field; (2) the caliber of the faculty in the key fields; (3) the extent of interdisciplinary…

Alter, Chester M.


Learning Productivity at Research Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared levels of engagement in learning activities and gains of students at research universities (RUs) and other types of colleges in the 1980s and 1990s. Though students at other universities generally outperformed RU students, the gap closed somewhat between the mid-80s and mid-90s due in part to declines in many learning productivity…

Kuh, George D.; Hu, Shouping



Internationalizing the University Mathematics Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers suggestions for achieving the internationalization of university mathematics-related curricular offerings. It presents learning objectives and related student outcomes, raises general issues related to internationalization, and then discusses how to incorporate the objectives and address these issues within the university

Appelbaum, Peter; Friedler, Louis M.; Ortiz, Carlos E.; Wolff, Edward F.



The Abuses of the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looking back at what has been happening ON university campuses since 1963, one may become concerned about what may happen TO the institutions involved. There is nothing immutable or sacrosanct about the way colleges and universities are organized and operated, but they must be able to resist pressures for changes that would threaten their…

Wilson, Logan


University Goals and Academic Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study compares the background and characteristics of administrators and faculty, and their perceptions of what the goals of the university are, what they should be, and what persons or groups are in positions of real power. An attempt was also made to ascertain how the global characteristics and power structure of the university are related to…

Gross, Edward; Grambsch, Paul V.


Sustainability in Brazilian Federal Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify the number of courses related to sustainability offered in bachelor degree programs of business administration in Brazilian federal universities. Design/methodology/approach: An exploratory research was carried out based on a descriptive scope. The process of mapping federal universities in Brazil…

Palma, Lisiane Celia; de Oliveira, Lessandra M.; Viacava, Keitiline R.



The Work of the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays and speeches in this collection, published on Richard Levins 10th anniversary as president of Yale University, reflects his intellectual passions and the depth of his understanding of the work of the university.The first section, "From the Beginning," contains: (1) "Calm Seas, Auspicious Gales"; and (2) "Beyond the Ivy Walls: Our…

Levin, Richard C.


A University for the People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past year lifelong learning in universities has come under the spotlight of politicians, educationalists, journalists and adult learners. For some, the concern has been about countering the fall-out from changes in public funding and challenging the reduction in provision--and even closure--of university departments. A number of…

Webb, Sue



The University and the Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presented views on the role of the university, and particularly the University of Alberta, in the community in the 1970s. Such indicators as population growth, income growth, rising level of education, rising levels of taxation, the rapidity of technological advance, shifts in social pattern, all pointed to a rapidly growing demand on…

Campbell, Duncan


Desktop Publishing in the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlighting changes in the work of people within the university, this book presents nine essays that examine the effects of desktop publishing and electronic publishing on professors and students, librarians, and those who work at university presses and in publication departments. Essays in the book are: (1) "Introduction: The Promise of Desktop…

Burstyn, Joan N., Ed.


Language universals in human brains  

PubMed Central

Do speakers know universal restrictions on linguistic elements that are absent from their language? We report an experimental test of this question. Our case study concerns the universal restrictions on initial consonant sequences, onset clusters (e.g., bl in block). Across languages, certain onset clusters (e.g., lb) are dispreferred (e.g., systematically under-represented) relative to others (e.g., bl). We demonstrate such preferences among Korean speakers, whose language lacks initial C1C2 clusters altogether. Our demonstration exploits speakers' well known tendency to misperceive ill-formed clusters. We show that universally dispreferred onset clusters are more frequently misperceived than universally preferred ones, indicating that Korean speakers consider the former cluster-type more ill-formed. The misperception of universally ill-formed clusters is unlikely to be due to a simple auditory failure. Likewise, the aversion of universally dispreferred onsets by Korean speakers is not explained by English proficiency or by several phonetic and phonological properties of Korean. We conclude that language universals are neither relics of language change nor are they artifacts of generic limitations on auditory perception and motor control—they reflect universal linguistic knowledge, active in speakers' brains.

Berent, Iris; Lennertz, Tracy; Jun, Jongho; Moreno, Miguel A.; Smolensky, Paul



Reading Neoliberalism at the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ongoing transformations of the university--from changing working conditions to issues of affordability and access, increasing "accountability" measures and commodification of academic production--are increasingly referred to as university corporatisation and are unfolding within and concomitant to neoliberal globalisation. In this paper we outline…

Shear, Boone W.; Zontine, Angelina I.



Governing Universities. Changing the Culture?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reports on a British research project involving a questionnaire survey of 494 university governors and a multi-site case study analysis to examine how different types of higher education institutions (especially "old" and "new" universities and colleges) converge and/or diverge in their governance styles. Chapter 1 introduces the study…

Bargh, Catherine; Scott, Peter; Smith, David


Dark Energy Rules the Universe  

SciTech Connect

The revolutionary discovery that the expansion of the universe is speeding up, not slowing down from gravity, means that 75 percent of our universe consists of mysterious dark energy. Berkeley Lab theoretical physicist Eric Linder delves into the mystery of dark energy as part of the Science in the Theatre lecture series on Nov. 24, 2008.

Eric Linder



Dark Energy Rules the Universe  


The revolutionary discovery that the expansion of the universe is speeding up, not slowing down from gravity, means that 75 percent of our universe consists of mysterious dark energy. Berkeley Lab theoretical physicist Eric Linder delves into the mystery of dark energy as part of the Science in the Theatre lecture series on Nov. 24, 2008.


Gifted Students' Transition to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from school to university presents novel demands for all students. Although this educational milestone has been addressed by scholars, particularly those interested in the study of higher education, there is a dearth of literature regarding gifted students' experience of their handling demands of first-year university. In the…

Mendaglio, Sal



The African University in Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of the African university in the development of the continent is discussed in terms of African educational history and its effect on societal needs of communities, the influence of Western conceptions of the university, and the world role it can play within the academic community. The first essay examines the historical development of the…

Wandira, Asavia


Universities: Engaging with Local Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This leaflet illustrates the many ways in which universities impact on the local area. Universities are a major contributor to the economy in their own right, both as employers and purchasers of goods. Their social and cultural influence is also felt through their provision of: (1) art galleries, museums and exhibitions; (2) cinemas and theatres;…

Universities UK, 2010



Conceptual Distinctions in University Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Furthers an understanding of university planning and suggests improvements in university planning practice, drawing on conceptual distinctions derived from planning literature and comparing three case studies employing these distinctions. By combining and extending the various planning models and testing them through case studies, one might…

Neufeld, Barbara



Islamic Universities Spread through Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on new universities for Muslims, many supported by groups in the Middle East, which are spreading through the sub-Saharan region. The Islamic University in Uganda is a prime example of a new kind of institution that has slowly been spreading its way across the continent. Embracing both conservative Muslim values and modern…

Lindow, Megan



Kennedy at Rice University  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

President Kennedy speaks before a crowd of 35,000 people at Rice University in the football field. The following are excerpts from his speech. ' ...We set sail on his new sea because there is a new knowledge to be gained, and new rights to be won, and they must be won and used for the progress of all people. ...Whether it will become a force for good or ill depends on man, and only if the United States occupies a position of pre-eminence can we help decide whether this new ocean will be a sea of peace or a new terrifying theater of war. But I do say space can be explored and mastered without feeding the fires of war, without repeating the mistakes that man has made with extending his writ around this globe of ours. ...There is no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in outer space as yet. Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for peaceful cooperation may never come again. But why, some say the Moon? Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask, why climb the highest mountian? Why - 35 years ago - why fly the Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas? We choose to go to the Moon, we choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one in which we intend to win, and the others too.'



Kennedy at Rice University  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

President Kennedy speaks before a crowd of 35,000 people at Rice University in the football field. The following are excerpts from his speech. ' ...We set sail on his new sea because there is a new knowledge to begained, and new rights to be won, and they must be won and used for the progress of all people. Whether it will become a force for good or ill depends on man, and only if the United States occupies a position of pre-eminence can we help decide whether this new ocean will be a sea of peace or a new terrifying theater of war. But I do say space can be explored and mastered without feeding the fires of war, without repeating the mistakes that man has made with extending his wirt around this globe of ours. There is no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in outer space as yet. Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for peaceful cooperation may never come again. But why, some say the Moon? Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask, why climb the highest mountain? Why 35 years ago why fly the Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas? We choose to go to the Moon, we choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one in which we attend to win, and the others , too.'



The Black Hole Universe Model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The black hole universe model is a multiverse model of cosmology recently developed by the speaker. According to this new model, our universe is a fully grown extremely supermassive black hole, which originated from a hot star-like black hole with several solar masses, and gradually grew up from a supermassive black hole with million to billion solar masses to the present state with trillion-trillion solar masses by accreting ambient matter or merging with other black holes. The entire space is structured with infinite layers or universes hierarchically. The innermost three layers include the universe that we live, the inside star-like and supermassive black holes called child universes, and the outside space called mother universe. The outermost layer is infinite in mass, radius, and entropy without an edge and limits to zero for both the matter density and absolute temperature. All layers are governed by the same physics and tend to expand physically in one direction (outward or the direction of increasing entropy). The expansion of a black hole universe decreases its density and temperature but does not alter the laws of physics. The black hole universe evolves iteratively and endlessly without a beginning. When one universe expands out, a new similar one is formed from inside star-like and supermassive black holes. In each of iterations, elements are resynthesized, matter is reconfigurated, and the universe is renewed rather than a simple repeat. The black hole universe is consistent with the Mach principle, observations, and Einsteinian general relativity. It has only one postulate but is able to explain all phenomena occurred in the universe with well-developed physics. The black hole universe does not need dark energy for acceleration and an inflation epoch for flatness, and thus has a devastating impact on the big bang model. In this talk, I will present how this new cosmological model explains the various aspects of the universe, including the origin, structure, evolution, expansion, background radiation, acceleration, anisotropy, quasars, gamma-ray bursts, nucleosynthesis, etc., and compares to the big bang model.

Zhang, Tianxi



Harvard University: Ecology WWW Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by Harvard University, this extensive list of hyperlinked, ecology-related resources and organizations was compiled by Anthony R. Brach (of the Harvard University Herbaria and Missouri Botanical Garden) for use by researchers, teachers, and students. Visitors can locate a wide variety of websites by browsing a 14-part alphabetical list, or by using a keyword search engine. Examples from the list include the Atlantic Cooperative Wildlife Ecology Research Network, the Center for Microbial Ecology at Michigan State University, Kansas State University Range Research, the Organization of Biological Field Stations, the U.S. National Agricultural Library, the Orthopterists' Society, and many more. The Ecology WWW Page has mirror sites in Canada, and at the University of Lyon, in France.


Entropy of viscous Universe models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cosmological event horizon entropy and the apparent horizon entropy of the ?CDM and the Bianchi type I Universe model with viscosity has been calculated numerically, and analytically in the large time limit. It is shown that for these Universe models the cosmological event horizon entropy increases with time and for large times it approaches a finite maximum value. The effect of viscosity upon the entropy is also studied and we have found that its role is to decrease the entropy. The bigger the viscosity coefficient is the less the entropy will be. Furthermore, the radiation entropy for the ?CDM Universe model with and without viscosity is investigated, and together with the cosmological event horizon entropy are used to examine the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics, which states that the total rate of change of entropy of the Universe is never negative, in this Universe model.

Mostafapoor, Nouraddin; Grøn, Øyvind



The religious and cultural bases for breastfeeding practices among the Hindus.  


In Hindu communities, breastfeeding is nearly universal and continues for most children beyond infancy. This review examines the religious and cultural basis for the contemporary breastfeeding practices amongst the Hindu. Practices at the time of birth and feeding rituals like prelacteal feeds, importance and timing of complementary feeds, and protections for the breastfeeding mother are examined from the published medical literature and available religious texts. Hindu Vedic literature and ancient ayurvedic texts underscore the importance of breastfeeding in the Hindu society. Although almost every Hindu child gets some breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding for the recommended duration and early initiation of breastfeeding are not that common. As birth of a baby is a celebration for family and society, breastfeeding is strongly influenced by cultural and religious ceremonies. In today's context, although women may receive guidance from health care professionals, relatives--especially grandmothers--have an important influence on breastfeeding practices. PMID:17661569

Laroia, Nirupama; Sharma, Deeksha



The University for Older Adults: On Cuba's Universalization of the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we focus on a new program in Cuba, university studies for older adults or seniors. Specifically, we look at the Special Municipality of the Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) in the context of the larger policy of "universalization of higher education." We provide information about Cuban perspectives on adult education, discuss the…

Rangel, Clara Lig Long; Proenza, Antonia Zenaida Sanchez



Georgetown University and Hampton University Prostate Cancer Undergraduate Fellowship Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The first goal is to integrate the students from Hampton University (HU) into the Prostate Center through research, lectures, seminars, and clinical exposure. The second goal is to attract talented HU students into the graduate prostate cancer program at ...

A. Riegel N. Kenney



Internationalization of universities: A university culture-based framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper employs Sporn's(1996) organizational culture typology indeveloping a framework to assist in theunderstanding of the process ofinternationalization of universities. Both thecollegial process and executive authority areacknowledged as necessary to position theuniversity to bring about substantive,integrated, university-wideinternationalization in response to pervasiveand rapidly changing global environmentaldemands. Internationalization, viewed as anorganizational adaptation, requires itsarticulation by the leadership whilesimultaneously institutionalizing a strategicplanning process

Marvin Bartell



The role of the university.  

PubMed Central

The role of the university, and particularly the health sciences university, in promoting positive health for women is twofold. First, the dissemination of existing knowledge raises awareness of special health needs and identifies gaps in the present research and literature base. Second, universities must project future needs of women in a rapidly changing society where such things as space travel may become commonplace. Reduction of the risk of debilitating disease and promotion of positive attitudes will enhance the quality of life for women. A logotherapeutic approach to choosing one's own attitudes toward life's challenges promotes successful coping in a dynamic society.

Starck, P L



An Atlas of the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by astrophysicist Richard Powell, An Atlas of the Universe is a Web site that allows visitors to see nine main maps of the universe, ranging from 12.5 light years to 15 billion light years from the sun. Each map then contains several other corresponding maps as well as descriptions of what is being shown. The maps give perspective to the vastness that lies beyond earth and explains, clearly and simply, things such as "where is the center of the universe" and "where did the big bang occur." Anyone interested in astronomy will enjoy the well organized and informative content.

Powell, Richard.



University of Wisconsin (Multicenter Sites)

Programs and Projects Bladder Cancer Clinical Trials - University of Wisconsin (Multicenter Sites) Agent: Soy Isoflavones (Genistein) Contact: Howard Bailey, MD DCP Program Director: Joe Tangrea, MPH, PhD The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential


University of Colorado Cancer Center

The University of Colorado Cancer Center was founded and became an NCI-designated cancer center in 1988. CU Cancer Center became a comprehensive cancer center in 1997. The Center is headquartered on the Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora.


Recognizing Problems in State Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing problems in state universities involves a critical analysis of both internal and external environments, as well as a simplification of the complex factors to help people understand the problems and marshall the forces necessary to address them. (MSE)

Ping, Charles J.



Universal batteries - fact or fad  

SciTech Connect

The universal or simplified time of electric batteries that were introduced at the 48th IBMA Convention held in Chicago in Oct. 1985, are discussed. The design and performance of these batteries are described.

Sikora, J.I.



The TR University Research Scorecard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a ranking of the top United States universities in their quest for intellectual property, commercial partners, and profits. Bases rankings on a consideration of patent numbers, patent quality, and licensing revenues. (WRM)

Zacks, Rebecca



Neutrinos in the early universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The neutrinos from the Big Bang or the Cosmic Neutrino Background (CNB) carry precious information from the early epoch when our universe was only 1 s old. Although not yet directly detected, CNB may be revealed indirectly through cosmological observations due to neutrino important cosmological influence. We review the cosmological role of neutrinos and the cosmological constraints on neutrino characteristics. Namely, we discuss the impact of neutrinos in the early universe: the cosmic expansion, neutrino decoupling, the role of neutrinos in the primordial production of light elements, leptogenesis, etc. We briefly discuss the role of neutrino at later stages of the universe. Due to the considerable cosmological influence of neutrinos, cosmological bounds on neutrino properties from observational data exist. We review the cosmological constraints on the effective number of neutrino species, neutrino mass and mixing parameters, lepton number of the universe, presence of sterile neutrino, etc.

Kirilova, D.; Frere, J.-M.



Trends in University Instructional Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was conducted of the instructional development programs of selected universities to identify any trends evident in these institutions, as well as unique programs. Site visits were made to 14 institutions in order to interview staff members and cli...

D. Bedient



Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website describes the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre's work utilizing luminescence and radiocarbon dating. Through this expansive website, visitors can learn about the centre's many research projects including radioactive contamination, isotope geology, and environmental gamma spectrometry.



Flinders University Electric Vehicle Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the specifications and principles involved in the operation of an electric car developed by the Institute of Solar and Electochemical Energy Conversion at Flinders University in South Australia. (JR)

Atkinson, D. A.



Third Quantization and Quantum Universes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the third quantization of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology with N-minimal massless fields. The third quantized Hamiltonian for the Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the minisuperspace consists of infinite number of intrinsic time-dependent, decoupled oscillators. The Hamiltonian has a pair of invariant operators for each universe with conserved momenta of the fields that play a role of the annihilation and the creation operators and that construct various quantum states for the universe. The closed universe exhibits an interesting feature of transitions from stable states to tachyonic states depending on the conserved momenta of the fields. In the classical forbidden unstable regime, the quantum states have googolplex growing position and conjugate momentum dispersions, which defy any measurements of the position of the universe.

Kim, Sang Pyo



Goal Congruence in the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire administered to 150 undergraduates and 90 faculty members compared their relative levels of goal congruence with those of their university. Programs in medicine, social sciences, and engineering were studied. (JW)

Neumann, Lily; Neumann, Yoram



University of Colorado Environmental Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provides information on environmental issues to students, faculty, and staff; provides learning experiences for students; assesses the environmental performance of the university; and runs programs such as recycling and green campus initiative.



How Big Is Our Universe?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive resource from Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics uses images and activities to understand the scope and scale of our universe. Featured are technologies used by generations of explorers.

Foundation, Wgbh E.



Windows to the Universe: Venus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, a joint effort between the University of Michigan and the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), focuses on the planet Venus. Some of the topics discussed include: the atmosphere, interior, and surface of Venus, recent discoveries, missions to Venus, and myths. The activities are easily sorted in beginning, intermediate and advanced lessons. There are also many pictures and additional websites for more information. A Spanish translation is also available.




Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this research were to explore and understand ICT acquisition in Jordanian universities using the qualitative case study approach through a variety of face-to-face semi-structured interviews, a documentation review and direct observation. Four Jordanian universities have been investigated, both public and private, which vary in size. The study used deductive analysis techniques to identify the key issues of

Hisham Othman Al-Mobaideen



Properties of Universal Bosonic Tetramers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The system of four identical bosons is studied using momentum-space equations for the four-particle transition operators. Positions, widths and existence limits of universal unstable tetramers are determined with high accuracy. Their effect on the atom-trimer and dimer-dimer scattering observables is discussed. We show that a universal shallow tetramer intersects the atom-trimer threshold twice leading to resonant effects in ultracold atom-trimer collisions.

Deltuva, A.



Expanding Universe: slowdown or speedup?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The kinematics and the dynamical interpretation of cosmological expansion are reviewed in a widely accessible manner with emphasis on the acceleration aspect. Virtually all the approaches that can in principle account for the accelerated expansion of the Universe are reviewed, including dark energy as an item in the energy budget of the Universe, modified Einstein equations, and, on a fundamentally new level, the use of the holographic principle.

Bolotin, Yuriy L.; Erokhin, Danylo A.; Lemets, Oleg A.



British Telecom and Project Universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors influencing the emergence of local area network (LANs) are covered along with British Telecom's involvement in Project Universe, an experiment to produce high-speed data links between several LANs in the United Kingdom with the Orbital Test Satellite (OTS). Other functions of Project Universe include measuring the network components performance, developing procedures for using the system for computer-computer and terminal-computer

G. H. L. Childs; G. Morrow



Color preferences are not universal.  


Claims of universality pervade color preference research. It has been argued that there are universal preferences for some colors over others (e.g., Eysenck, 1941), universal sex differences (e.g., Hurlbert & Ling, 2007), and universal mechanisms or dimensions that govern these preferences (e.g., Palmer & Schloss, 2010). However, there have been surprisingly few cross-cultural investigations of color preference and none from nonindustrialized societies that are relatively free from the common influence of global consumer culture. Here, we compare the color preferences of British adults to those of Himba adults who belong to a nonindustrialized culture in rural Namibia. British and Himba color preferences are found to share few characteristics, and Himba color preferences display none of the so-called "universal" patterns or sex differences. Several significant predictors of color preference are identified, such as cone-contrast between stimulus and background (Hurlbert & Ling, 2007), the valence of color-associated objects (Palmer & Schloss, 2010), and the colorfulness of the color. However, the relationship of these predictors to color preference was strikingly different for the two cultures. No one model of color preference is able to account for both British and Himba color preferences. We suggest that not only do patterns of color preference vary across individuals and groups but the underlying mechanisms and dimensions of color preference vary as well. The findings have implications for broader debate on the extent to which our perception and experience of color is culturally relative or universally constrained. PMID:23148465

Taylor, Chloe; Clifford, Alexandra; Franklin, Anna



Insights: Should Universities Do Defense Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses whether universities should do research for the Department of Defense. Principle arguments against universities doing defense research, benefits of grants, and problems that universities face in dealing with federal agencies are addressed. (BC)

Grace, Donald J.



34 CFR 300.44 - Universal design.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Universal design. 300.44 Section 300.44 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued...This Part § 300.44 Universal design. Universal design has...



University Program Management Information System: NASA's University Program Active Projects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA's objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data. This report was prepared by the Office of Education/N.

Gans, Gary (Technical Monitor)



Traveling in the Computational Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of travel, specifically ``space travel'', cannot be separated from the concept of ``Universe'', because the Universe is where space and time acquire their significance, along with their properties, possibilities and limitations. Mankind is strongly focused on a four dimensional Universe, with its Lorentzian or Euclidean interpretation. It is still a puzzle about the fact that the four dimensional Universe seems to have a beginning, therefore there seem to be boundaries in space-time and we would like to know the nature of those boundaries and its endpoints. To better understand the deep significance of our best physical theories it could be interesting to compare our Universe with its models. It may happen that the differences between the model and reality can be made indistinguishable, to the point that it may seem acceptable to consider reality as a gigantic program, a ``mother computation'' running in a Universal Computer. The computational interpretation of reality is here adopted for introducing concepts that are common in computer science, they may offer a new insight. For instance, code and memory usage optimization techniques are common in computer science because they improve the performances at a reduced hardware cost. According to the concepts discussed in this paper, the possibility of recognizing the effects of optimization rules in a physical reality will allow us to discriminate if our reality is fundamental or the result of a large computation. Conversely, code and memory optimization has side effects, if it is present in our Universe it can produce many interesting phenomena, some seem readily recognizable, others only wait to be discovered. The science of Space Travel appears suitable for the experimental test of these conceptualizations.

Fontana, Giorgio



University Program Management Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA's objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well-being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data. This report was prepared by the Education Division/FE, Office of Human Resources and Education.

Gans, Gary (Technical Monitor)



University Program Management Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA's objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data.

Gans, Gary (Technical Monitor)



Loyola University Chicago: Digital Yearbooks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The story of Loyola University in Chicago can be told via its alumni, its campus, and of course, its many well-known academic programs. But what of the stories that can be found within the pages of the University's many yearbooks? Today such large volumes might seem a bit passe, but for decades they contained the stories, aspirations, and accomplishments of the student body. This digitization project, undertaken by the Loyola University Archives and the CARLI Book Digitization Program, contains several different types of class yearbooks. "The Loyolan" was the official yearbook of the university, "Towers" was the College of Commerce's yearbook, "Dentos" served as the yearbook of record for the School of Dentistry, and the School of Medicine broke form by changing its yearbook title from year to year. Visitors can scan through each document at their leisure, so it's fun to pick a random volume and just starting exploring. Finally, there are also some Miscellaneous Volumes, such as copies of the Loyola University Magazine from the years 1901 to 1921.



University Program Management Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA' objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data.



Agreement between Oakland University and the Oakland University Chapter, American Association of University Professors, 1985-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collective bargaining agreement between Oakland University and the University's chapter (370 members) of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) covering the period 1985-1988 is presented. Items covered in the agreement include: definitions and recognition of AAUP, academic titles, AAUP rights, university management,…

American Association of Univ. Professors, Washington, DC.


A View of the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This lavishly illustrated photographic exploration of the universe will delight everyone intrigued by the night sky. This is the finest collection of color photographs of star clusters, galaxies, and nebulae ever published. Working with the world's most sophisticated telescopes and his own revolutionary techniques, world renowned astronomical photographer David Malin captures distant worlds and phenomena in their astonishing natural colors. These unique pictures are accompanied by nontechnical captions and a lucid text accessible and inspiring to the general reader as well as to astronomers and photographers. The foremost astronomical photographer in the world, David Malin is the discoverer of an enigmatic galaxy now known as Malin-1 and the coauthor of Colours of the Stars and Catalogue of the Universe, both published by Cambridge University Press. His photographs have appeared in locations as diverse as Australian postage stamps and the cover of Life magazine.

Malin, David F.



IAU: International Association of Universities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1950 under the auspices of UNESCO, the International Association of Universities is a worldwide association of universities. In addition to placing a premium on international cooperation between member institutions and organizations, the IAU is dedicated "to the development of the long-term vision of the university's role and responsibilities in society" and "to promoting access to higher education and equal opportunities for students." Visitors new to the site will want to read through the organization's mission statement available from the homepage, along with their constitution, and activities reports for the period from 1995 to 2000. From the homepage visitors may also look through the IAU's information center, and learn about its thematic priorities, which include sustainable development, globalization, and intercultural dialogue. Finally, visitors may also read about upcoming conferences and meetings dealing with higher education and peruse recent publications such as "Constructing Knowledge Societies: New Challenges for Tertiary Education".


University of Alabama Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For devotees of Alabama history (and even for those who aren't), the University of Alabama's Digital Collections are a real find. Currently, the site offers up more than a dozen digital collections, including The University of Alabama Encyclopedia and the Hugh Davis Farm Journals. The Hugh Davis Farm Journals are quite a find, as they offer an insightful portrait of a 19th century attorney and plantation owner in Marion, Alabama. Here visitors can read his farm journals, which contain records regarding slaves and accounts of life on the plantation. The other collections offered here include the Marjorie L. Smith Slide Collection of images related to cotton agriculture in the 1960s and selected issues of the University of Alabama Yearbook, which is titled "The Corolla".


Tuning universality far from equilibrium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Possible universal dynamics of a many-body system far from thermal equilibrium are explored. A focus is set on meta-stable non-thermal states exhibiting critical properties such as self-similarity and independence of the details of how the respective state has been reached. It is proposed that universal dynamics far from equilibrium can be tuned to exhibit a dynamical transition where these critical properties change qualitatively. This is demonstrated for the case of a superfluid two-component Bose gas exhibiting different types of long-lived but non-thermal critical order. Scaling exponents controlled by the ratio of experimentally tuneable coupling parameters offer themselves as natural smoking guns. The results shed light on the wealth of universal phenomena expected to exist in the far-from-equilibrium realm.

Karl, Markus; Nowak, Boris; Gasenzer, Thomas



The topology of fractal universes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is shown how the genus per unit volume of isodensity surfaces in general nonlinear universes is related to the entire hierarchy of correlation functions. The general relation between the correlation function, the probability distribution of densities at several points, and the probability distributions of density and its derivatives at a point are given. Formulas for the area and genus per unit volume of isodensity surfaces are presented. As an application, after first reviewing the case of Gaussian fields, analytic results are reported for one particular example of a thoroughly nonlinear universe, Mandelbrot's Rayleigh-Levy random-walk fractal. While this fractal bears little resemblance to the real universe of galaxies, it possesses the singular and theoretically interesting property that in it cluster-cluster correlations are identically equal to galaxy-galaxy correlations to all orders.

Hamilton, A. J. S.



University District Oral History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Seattle Public Library has been embarking on some ambitious projects as of late and this oral history initiative is one of the best. Working with students in the University of Washington Museology Graduate Program, a number of oral history interviews were conducted with residents, businesspeople, and others in the city's University District. All of the interviews were conducted in 2011 and each interviewee provided a unique viewpoint of life on "The Ave,â which is shorthand for the main street that runs north and south through the neighborhood. There are twelve interviews here, including one with a University of Washington student, a Seattle Police Department officer, and the director of a teen outreach group.



Supernovae and the Accelerating Universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbiting high above the turbulence of the earth's atmosphere, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has provided breathtaking views of astronomical objects never before seen in such detail. The steady diffraction-limited images allow this medium-size telescope to reach faint galaxies of 30th stellar magnitude. Some of these galaxies are seen as early as 2 billion years after the Big Bang in a 15 billion year old universe. Up until recently, astronomers assumed that all of the laws of physics and astronomy applied back then as they do today. Now, using the discovery that certain supernovae are standard candles, astronomers have found that the universe is expanding faster today than it was back then: the universe is accelerating in its expansion.

Wood, H. John



Universe Awareness For Young Children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universe Awareness (UNAWE) is an international programme that will expose economically disadvantaged young children aged between 4 and 10 years to the inspirational aspects of modern astronomy. The programme is motivated by the premise that access to simple knowledge about the Universe is a basic birth right of everybody. These formative ages are crucial in the development of a human value system. This is also the age range in which children can learn to develop a 'feeling' for the vastness of the Universe. Exposing young children to such material is likely to broaden their minds and stimulate their world-view. The goals of Universe Awareness are in accordance with two of the United Nations Millennium goals, endorsed by all 191 UN member states, namely (i) the achievement of universal primary education and (ii) the promotion of gender equality in schools. We propose to commence Universe Awareness with a pilot project that will target disadvantaged regions in about 4 European countries (possibly Spain, France, Germany and The Netherlands) and several non-EU countries (possibly Chile, Colombia, India, Tunisia, South Africa and Venezuela). There will be two distinct elements in the development of the UNAWE program: (i) Creation and production of suitable UNAWE material and delivery techniques, (ii) Training of educators who will coordinate UNAWE in each of the target countries. In addition to the programme, an international network of astronomy outreach will be organised. We present the first results of a pilot project developed in Venezuela, where 670 children from different social environments, their teachers and members of an indigenous tribe called Ye´kuana from the Amazon region took part in a wonderful astronomical and cultural exchange that is now being promoted by the Venezuelan ministry of Education at the national level.

Scorza, C.; Miley, G.; Ödman, C.; Madsen, C.



Dark matter in the universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What is the quantity and composition of material in the Universe? This is one of the most fundamental questions we can ask about the Universe, and its answer bears on a number of important issues including the formation of structure in the Universe, and the ultimate fate and the earliest history of the Universe. Moreover, answering this question could lead to the discovery of new particles, as well as shedding light on the nature of the fundamental interactions. At present, only a partial answer is at hand. Most of the radiation in the Universe does not give off detectable radiation; it is dark. The dark matter associated with bright galaxies contributes somewhere between 10 and 30 percent of the critical density; baryonic matter contributes between 1.1 and 12 percent of the critical. The case for the spatially flat, Einstein-de Sitter model is supported by three compelling theoretical arguments - structure formation, the temporal Copernican principle, and inflation - and by some observational data. If Omega is indeed unity, or even just significantly greater than 0.1, then there is a strong case for a Universe comprised of nonbaryonic matter. There are three well motivated particle dark matter candidates: an axion of mass 10 (exp -6) eV to 10 (exp -4) eV; a neutrino of mass 10 GeV to about 3 TeV; or a neutrino of mass 20 eV to 90 eV. All three possibilities can be tested by experiments that are either planned or are underway.

Turner, Michael S.



Dark matter in the Universe  

SciTech Connect

What is the quantity and composition of material in the universe This is one of the most fundamental questions we can ask about the universe, and its answer bears on a number of important issues including the formation of structure in the universe, and the ultimate fate and the earliest history of the universe. Moreover, answering this question could lead to the discovery of new particles, as well as shedding light on the nature of the fundamental interactions. At present, only a partial answer is at hand: most of the material in the universe does not give off detectable radiation, i.e., is dark;'' the dark matter associated with bright galaxies contributes somewhere between 10% and 30% of the critical density (by comparison luminous matter contributes less than 1%); baryonic matter contributes between 1.1% and 12% of critical. The case for the spatially-flat, Einstein-de Sitter model is supported by three compelling theoretical arguments -- structure formation, the temporal Copernican principle, and inflation -- and by some observational data. If {Omega} is indeed unity--or even just significantly greater than 0.1--then there is a strong case for a universe comprised of nonbaryonic matter. There are three well motivated particle dark-matter candidates: an axion of mass 10{sup {minus}6} eV to 10{sup {minus}4} eV; a neutralino of mass 10 GeV to about 3 TeV; or a neutrino of mass 20 eV to 90 eV. All three possibilities can be tested by experiments that are either being planned or are underway. 71 refs., 6 figs.

Turner, M.S. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA) Chicago Univ., IL (USA). Enrico Fermi Inst.)



University Autonomy in a Third-Generation University in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the level of autonomy in one of Nigeria's third-generation universities. Findings indicated that generally government intervention was rated as not unreasonable. Specifically, the study discovered that government never exerts any influence on the appointment, discipline, tenure and dismissal of staff; entry standards and pass…

Arikewuyo, M. Olalekan; Ilusanya, Gboyega



University of Southern California: College and University Systems Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

USC reorganized computing administratively in early 1984. The university's financial accounting system was developed to provide better information to central administration, deans, and directors. USC is currently negotiating to install a digital telephone switch to handle voice and data communications on campus. (MLW)




The Creation of the Universe  

SciTech Connect

Gravity and quantum theory cause the Universe to be spontaneously created out of nothing. Most of these universes are quite unlike our own but we select out a subset that are compatible with what we observe. Please note that Professor Hawking's talk will be broadcasted in the following rooms : TH auditorium (4-3-006) TE auditorium (30-7-018) 40-S2-A01 40-S2-C01 BE Meyrin (6-2-024) BE Prévessin (864-1-D02)




The Creation of the Universe  


Gravity and quantum theory cause the Universe to be spontaneously created out of nothing. Most of these universes are quite unlike our own but we select out a subset that are compatible with what we observe. Please note that Professor Hawking's talk will be broadcasted in the following rooms : TH auditorium (4-3-006) TE auditorium (30-7-018) 40-S2-A01 40-S2-C01 BE Meyrin (6-2-024) BE Prévessin (864-1-D02)




Interpreting the universal phylogenetic tree.  


The universal phylogenetic tree not only spans all extant life, but its root and earliest branchings represent stages in the evolutionary process before modern cell types had come into being. The evolution of the cell is an interplay between vertically derived and horizontally acquired variation. Primitive cellular entities were necessarily simpler and more modular in design than are modern cells. Consequently, horizontal gene transfer early on was pervasive, dominating the evolutionary dynamic. The root of the universal phylogenetic tree represents the first stage in cellular evolution when the evolving cell became sufficiently integrated and stable to the erosive effects of horizontal gene transfer that true organismal lineages could exist. PMID:10900003

Woese, C R



How Did the Universe Begin?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fun Web site is part of OLogy, where kids can collect virtual trading cards and create projects with them. Here, they learn about the work of Edwin Hubble and how his work contributed to the formation of the Big Bang Theory. The site begins by briefly explaining Hubble's discoveries. It then explains how Belgian astronomer Georges Lema used Hubble's discovery to answer the question of the universe's origin with what later became known as the Big Bang Theory. A link to "The Big Bang" explains the theory in five kid-friendly steps. The site also includes a link to a "Create Your Own Timeline of the Universe" activity.


University students' satisfaction of studying in e-university: Hamdan Bin Mohammed e-University case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-learning is a new trend in vibrant educational environment. The study method is unique as it allows learners to get education interactively through extensive use of information technology and web based technology. Many universities such as University of Phoenix and Devry University have pioneered in e-learning education. Hamdan Bin Mohammad e-University (HBMeU) was launched as e-university in 2002 and offer

Abdullah AlSagheer Hamdan Bin



The Idea of a Catholic University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book considers the Catholic university in relation to religious truth and academic freedom. The book offers a practical consideration of how the ideal Catholic university might be expressed. The chapters are: (1) "Biblical Foundations of the Modern University"; (2) "Science: The Truth of Universities"; (3) "Art: Signatured Truth"; (4)…

O'Brien, George Dennis


University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center

In 1940, the McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research was founded at the University of Wisconsin (UW) at Madison. In 1973, the University started the University of Wisconsin Clinical Cancer Center. They were combined as the University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center and received their NCI designation in 1973. The Center was renamed the UW Carbone Cancer Center (UWCCC) in 2006.


The American University: Problems, Prospects, and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues and trends relating to science and technology, liberal education and the aims of the university, and academic governance in U.S. universities are considered in 10 essays. Questions are raised concerning: whether universities should be linked to industrial research projects, how America's universities should respond to the wave of computer…

Blits, Jan H., Ed.


Beyond Inflation: A Cyclic Universe Scenario  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Inflation is typically seen in current Big Bang models of the universe, however this paper proposes a cyclic universe without high energy inflation. It proposes that the universe lived in a long attractor state that is determined by the laws of physics. The universe is made homogenouse and flat and scale-invariant adiabatic pertubations are generated through an epoch of low energy acceleration.

Turok, Neil; Steinhardt, Paul



Regulations and Universities: An Argument for Compliance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The president of Towson State University (Maryland) encourages college administrators to comply with both the spirit and the letter of federal regulations, because (1) universities are similar to business corporations; (2) the university community has been an active supporter of many regulations; and (3) universities should model responsible…

Smith, Hoke L.



Our Place in the Spongy Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physicist James Trefil once described our universe as "The Spongy Universe," comparing large-scale cosmic structures to the structure of a sponge. Because the sponge is such a good model for the universe, the authors modified this "Spongy Universe" activity for use with visually impaired students and pilot tested it at the Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind.

Wentworth, Benning L.; Bogner, Donna; Yanow, Gil; Ristvey, John; Wiens, Roger



Summer Session Organizational Models at Canadian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of summer session organizational models continues to be of interest to summer session deans/directors and university administrators. The University of Victoria surveyed Canadian universities on this issue in 1994. Based on a similar survey done in 2009, this paper updates the status of Canadian university summer session organizational…

Kops, Bill



Technology Transfer at the University of Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recently-implemented university technology transfer program is described and discussed, including the context, elements required for technology transfer, federal patent policy, university policies and organization, the operating model, early results, university-industry interactions, and anticipated benefits to the university and industry. A…

Baldwin, Donald R.



Yale University Press: Disseminating "Lux et Veritas"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America's university presses are situated within a network of over one hundred universities, learned societies, and scholarly associations. According to a pamphlet put out by the American Association of University Presses, these presses "make available to the broader public the full range and value of research generated by university faculty."…

Parrott, John B.



The Managerialist University: An Economic Interpretation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rise of the managerialist university, in terms of a shift towards supposed corporate forms of governance in universities, associated also with greater competition between universities, has been the subject of considerable controversy. Dissent with respect to these developments has commonly appealed to the notion of the university as a special…

Aspromourgos, Tony



Measuring the topology of the universe  

PubMed Central

Observations of microwave background fluctuations can yield information not only about the geometry of the universe but potentially about the topology of the universe. If the universe is negatively curved, then the characteristic scale for the topology of the universe is the curvature radius. Thus, if we are seeing the effects of the geometry of the universe, we can hope to soon see signatures of the topology of the universe. The cleanest signature of the topology of the universe is written on the microwave sky: There should be thousands of pairs of matched circles. These circles can be used to determine the precise topology and volume of the universe. Because we see hundreds of slices through the fundamental domain of the universe, we can use the microwave observations to reconstruct the initial conditions of the entire universe on the scale of a few megaparsecs.

Cornish, Neil J.; Spergel, David N.; Starkman, Glenn D.



On universality in ageing ferromagnets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work is a contribution to the study of universality in out-of-equilibrium lattice models undergoing a second-order phase transition at equilibrium. The experimental protocol that we have chosen is the following: the system is prepared in its high-temperature phase and then quenched at the critical temperature Tc. We investigated by means of Monte Carlo simulations two quantities that are believed to take universal values: the exponent lgr/z obtained from the decay of autocorrelation functions, and the asymptotic value &X_\\infty ; of the fluctuation-dissipation ratio X(t, s). This protocol was applied to the Ising model, the 3-state clock model and the 4-state Potts model on square, triangular and honeycomb lattices and to the Ashkin-Teller model at the point belonging at equilibrium to the 3-state Potts model universality class and to a multispin Ising model and the Baxter-Wu model both belonging to the 4-state Potts model universality class at equilibrium.

Chatelain, Christophe



Universal thermopower of bad metals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

``Bad metals" are known to have a large linear resistivity at high T that is universally seen near the Mott-Hubbard insulating phase. Less well known is that the thermopower ? (T) of the Mott-Hubbard systems also exhibits simple universal features: (i) close to the insulating phase, where the resistivity has a low-temperature upturn, ? (T) has a pronounced low-T peak that shifts to higher T with doping; (ii) when the resistivity is nearly linear, which occurs at moderate doping, ? (T) has a small low-T peak that shifts to lower T with doping and has a high-T sign change; and (iii) at the highest doping, where the resistivity acquires a T2 term, ? (T) is negative and depends monotonically on T. The universality ? (T) can be understood using the Kelvin formula and the fact that the chemical potential for doped Mott insulators displays similar behavior at high T. The universality is illustrated with the exact solution of the simplest model for a doped Mott insulator at high T.

Zlati?, V.; Boyd, G. R.; Freericks, J. K.



Iraqi Universities Reach a Crossroads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight years after the U.S. invasion of Iraq and a few months after the withdrawal of the military forces from the country, Iraq's universities, devastated by years of dictatorship, sanctions, and war, are still struggling to recover. The security situation has improved since the deadly, dark days of 2006 and 2007, when the country teetered on the…

Lindsey, Ursula



Student Involvement and the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 14 pamphlets in the New Dimensions in Higher Education series, first developed by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare during the 1960's, The essays are prefaced with a discussion of the need for involvement of students in the educational process, the role of teachers in the function of the university, and the goals…

Hatch, Winslow R., Comp.


Brokering Community-University Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although substantial areas of agreement exist regarding the characteristics of effective community-university partnerships for research, there is little empirical research on the relationship between the characteristics of such partnerships and their outcomes. In this study, we explored the relationship between partnership characteristics and…

McNall, Miles; Reed, Celeste Sturdevant; Brown, Robert; Allen, Angela



Catholic Universities and Juridic Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author maintains that a Catholic university does not need to be established as a separate juridic person to be subject to rights and obligations in canon law. The Church's law allows a group or persons or things to join together as a juridic person to be recognized by the Church to have rights and obligations in the Church.…

Sheridan, Sean



Stability of the Einstein Universe.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is shown that the Einstein Universe is stable by a large class of exact perturbations, which are made starting from a detailed exam of the topology of the model, and which include perturbations of the type considered by Lemaitre. The problem is reduced...

I. D. Soares



University of Kansas energy forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

A previous study established the feasibility of converting the central steam generating plant on the University of Kansas campus from natural gas or oil to solid waste fuel, but that there would be a potential 15% shortage in Btu's of fuel from the solid waste available. This study was initiated to determine if wood wastes or wood grown specifically for

G. G. Naughton; W. A. Geyer; L. K. Gould; J. H. Strine



Tough Choices at Radford University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes restructuring of an academic department at Radford University; uses a dialogue between the department chair and the vice president of academic affairs to present the process's contrasting perspectives. Explores how faculty and administrators can treat budgetary challenges as opportunities to renew institutional missions, collaborate in…

Barnard, Susan; Ferren, Ann



Kripke submodels and universal sentences  

Microsoft Academic Search

We define two notions for intuitionistic predicate logic: that of a submodel of a Kripke model, and that of a universal sentence. We then prove a corresponding preservation theorem. If a Kripke model is viewed as a functor from a small category to the category of all classical models with (homo)morphisms between them, then we define a submodel of a

Ben Ellison; Jonathan Fleischmann; Dan Mcginn; Wim Ruitenburg



Improvements to Universal Ripper Miner.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A universal ripper miner used to cut, collect and transfer material from an underground mine working face includes a cutter head that is vertically movable in an arcuate cutting cycle by means of drive members, such as hydraulically actuated pistons. The ...

R. J. Morrell D. A. Larson



Fuzzy systems are universal approximators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author proves that fuzzy systems are universal approximators. The Stone-Weierstrass theorem is used to prove that fuzzy systems with product inference, centroid defuzzification, and a Gaussian membership function are capable of approximating any real continuous function on a compact set to arbitrary accuracy. This result can be viewed as an existence theorem of an optimal fuzzy system for a

Li-Xin Wang



A universal image quality index  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new universal objective image quality index, which is easy to calculate and applicable to various image processing applications. Instead of using traditional error summation methods, the proposed index is designed by modeling any image distortion as a combination of three factors: loss of correlation, luminance distortion, and contrast distortion. Although the new index is mathematically defined and

Zhou Wang; Alan C. Bovik



Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

The primary goal for the Washington University NTR Research Center is to provide and validate a multimodal imaging platform as a novel real-time clinical imaging tool for sentinel lymph node mapping and axillary staging. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has become the standard method of axillary staging for patients with breast cancer and clinically negative axillae.


Initial conditions for bubble universes  

SciTech Connect

The ''bubble universes'' of Coleman and De Luccia play a crucial role in string cosmology. Since our own Universe is supposed to be of this kind, bubble cosmology should supply definite answers to the long-standing questions regarding cosmological initial conditions. In particular, it must explain how an initial singularity is avoided, and also how the initial conditions for inflation were established. I argue that the simplest nonanthropic approach to these problems involves a requirement that the spatial sections defined by distinguished bubble observers should not be allowed to have arbitrarily small volumes. Casimir energy is a popular candidate for a quantum effect which can ensure this, but (because it violates energy conditions) there is a danger that it could lead to nonperturbative instabilities in string theory. I make a simple proposal for the initial conditions of a bubble universe, and show that my proposal ensures that the system is nonperturbatively stable. Thus, low-entropy conditions can be established at the beginning of a bubble universe without violating the second law of thermodynamics and without leading to instability in string theory. These conditions are inherited from the ambient spacetime.

McInnes, Brett [Department of Mathematics, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 2, Singapore 117543 (Singapore)



Environmental Certification at Malardalen University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims to describe how the concept of sustainable development, with a focus on the ecological dimension, can be applied practically in an institution for higher education and research. The institution used as an example is Malardalen University in Vasteras, Sweden. Encompasses literature studies and conclusions from practical experience in…

von Oelreich, Kristina



Newton's Theory of Universal Gravitation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, authored and curated by David P. Stern, provides teachers with lesson plans of astronomy, Newtonian mechanics and spaceflight such as Newton's theory of universal gravitation and Kepler's third law. Lesson plans include sections such as goals, questions and examples. This is a great collection of resources that will enhance many different aspects in a standard physics curriculum.

Stern, David P. (David Peter), 1931-



DOE/university reactor sharing  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the US Department of Energy's program of reactor sharing is to strengthen nuclear science and engineering instruction and nuclear research opportunities in non-reactor-owning colleges and universities. The benefits of the program and need for the continuation of the program in the future are discussed.

Young, H.H.



Universal Quantum Entanglement Concentration Gate  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct a Universal Quantum Entanglement Concentration Gate (QEC-Gate). Special times operations of QEC-Gate can transform a pure 2-level bipartite entangled state to nearly maximum entanglement. The transformation can attain any required fidelity with optimal probability by adjusting concentration step. We also generate QEC-Gate to the Schmidt decomposable multi-partite system.

Zi-Yang Wang; Chuan-Wei Zhang; Chuan-Feng Li; Guang-Can Guo



Urban Communications and the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Livingston College of Rutgers University, N.J., has established an Urban Communications Teaching and Research Center. Using an interdisciplinary approach, it offers an innovative approach to the study of communications systems in urban society, consolidating course offerings, independent study, internships, community service and research. Its…

Aumente, Jerome


The Open University in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog describes audiovisual format courses produced by the Open University of Great Britain and presently available in the United States. The courses are: (1) Art and Environment; (2) Environmental Control and Public Health; (3) History of Architecture and Design 1890-1939; (4) History of Mathematics; (5) International Politics and Foreign…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Great Plains National Instructional Television Library.


Finding Value in the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of higher education Newman has been dismissed as irrelevant and out of date. Ronald Barnett, for example, is highly critical of his "value-laden" vision of a particular kind of university. This article seeks to consider the question of values more carefully, suggesting that Newman's writings do have strong resonances…

Harris, Suzy



University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute

The University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) was founded in 1984 and received its NCI Comprehensive Cancer Center designation in 1989. The mission of UPCI is to decrease the mortality and morbidity from cancer across the nation and especially in western Pennsylvania. UPCI seeks to accomplish this mission through integrated programs in basic, clinical, translational, and population and cancer control research.


Universality class of holographic superconductors  

SciTech Connect

We study ''holographic superconductors'' in various spacetime dimensions. We compute most of the static critical exponents in the linear perturbations and show that they take the standard mean-field values. We also consider the dynamic universality class for these models and show that they belong to model A with dynamic critical exponent z=2.

Maeda, Kengo; Natsuume, Makoto; Okamura, Takashi [Department of Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama, 330-8570 (Japan); Theory Division, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801 (Japan); Department of Physics, Kwansei Gakuin University, Sanda, Hyogo, 669-1337 (Japan)



Universities and Globalization: Critical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 14 papers in this collection examine how a globalizing political economy affects the way universities are governed, discussing practices such as managerialism, accountability, and privatization which represent a shift toward business values and a market agenda. Part 1 gives a theoretical overview of the globalization agenda. Part 2 gives three…

Currie, Jan, Ed.; Newson, Janice, Ed.


Eternal fractal in the universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of eternal inflation predict a stochastic self-similar geometry of the universe at very large scales and allow the existence of points that never thermalize. I explore the fractal geometry of the resulting spacetime, using coordinate-independent quantities. The formalism of stochastic inflation can be used to obtain the fractal dimension of the set of eternally inflating points (the ``eternal fractal'').

Serge Winitzki



Styles of Studying in University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study styles employed by a sample of Finnish university students were investigated. In the first study phase, 238 students described general study styles/approaches, using a questionnaire developed by Entwistle, which included 30 Likert-type items from the following dimensions: achievement orientation, reproducing orientation, meaning…

Ropo, Eero


Engagement theory: a universal paradigm?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Computer Science degree is offered by Victoria University bothlocally in Australia and transnationally in Hong Kong. The degreeincludes a compulsory final year Project subject. The Project, ateam effort, involves the design and implementation of a real-lifecomputer application for an external client. Academics responsiblefor the degree consider Project and its three components of groupcontext, project-based problems, and outside focus essential

Iwona Miliszewska; John Horwood



Humboldt State University Fisheries Biology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Fisheries Science Department of Humboldt State University offers an interdisciplinary Bachelor of Sciences degree in Aquarium Sciences. To prepare for a career as a professional aquarist or aquarium curator, training includes: husbandry, culture of aquatic organisms, ichthyology, pathology, life support, exhibit design, conservation, business management. Internships with major public aquariums are available.



Copyrights at Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for universities and colleges to develop policies and procedures to govern the determination of rights to copyrightable materials is addressed. The following copyright considerations are examined: scope of the copyright, copyright transfer, copyright registration, rights of copyright owner, duration of copyright, infringement of…

National Association of College and University Business Officers, Washington, DC.


Duke University's Quality Appearance Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Grounds Services Unit at Duke University has implemented a new program that involves a process of self evaluation, which embraces the concept of perpetual and continuous improvement. The Quality Appearance Program (QAP) embellishes and expands upon the Quality Assurance Program concept, but with a twist to grounds management improvement…

Jackson, Joe



College and University Privacy Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning in the late 1990s, international corporations began hiring Chief Privacy Officers (CPOs). By 2002, large universities responded to this trend by creating this distinct position or modifying an existing job description to include CPO responsibilities. While not every registrar assumes the role of CPO, increasing practical and legislative…

Showalter, Rodney J.



The Funding of Virtual Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews categorization models and the outcomes of a virtual university funding survey. Although categorization of types of funding mechanisms is a necessary analytical tool, it often hides the many and varied political decisions that created them. In commenting on the implications of the type of funding model, political forces behind…

Poulin, Russell; Michelau, Demaree K.



Management Science in University Operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major investment in education has led to a major interest in the analysis of universities. Industrial engineering departments and computing centers have been bringing new technologies to bear on scheduling, sectioning and modeling of schools. Institutional research organizations are beginning to analyze and evaluate schools. Current analysis of these fields shows that much work is required on operations and

Gustave J. Rath



The Greening of American Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of Tufts University (Massachusetts) with environmental engineering has shown that efforts to reduce adverse environmental effects on campus need champions who can push the issues forward and who have the authority to act. The demonstrated commitment of top management is essential to a successful program. (Author/MSE)

Cortese, Anthony D.; Creighton, Sarah Hammond